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Case Study: The skeleton of a building in Adriano neighborhood Re Co.De!

reshaping contemporary dwelling Cocco Valentina Furia Bonanomi Margherita Guzzetti Andrea Mancuso Rachele Toniato Vittoria Vaghi Vittorio Flores Carolina Jarrouj Christel Jarufe Daniela Lopez Rocio Olcay Ekin De Fabritiis Saskia Gandossi Greta Giampietro Dalila Rausa Francesca Velychko Artem

Thematic Design Studio - BA Architectural Design AUIC School - Politecnico di Milano A.A. 2016/17 Proff. Massimo Bricocoli, Giovanni Hanninen, Gennaro Postiglione + Rodrigo Pemjean and Arch. Francesco Conti, Sofia Coutsoucos, Michele Ignaccolo, Maria Kapitonova, Salvatore Pirina


Index 1. URBAN CONTEXT

1.1 Location

1.2 Urban context: past, present and future

p. 01

The Magneti Marelli Factory

Urban redevelopment of the former Magneti Marelli area

The two “Programmi Integrati d’Intervento” - 2006

The “Piano Periferie” - 2016

1.3 An overview of the neighborhood

2. THE BUILDING

2.1 History of the building: birth and abandonment

2.2 A possible future: the Proges Group project

p. 07

3. INTERVIEWS

p. 11

4. PHOTO SURVEY

p. 15

5. RE-DRAWING

p. 29

5.1 State of the art

5.2 Proges’ project

Floor plans, sections, front views Typologies: plans and sections 6. BIBLIOGRAPHY and SITOGRAPHY

p. 48


1. URBAN CONTEXT 1.1 Location

T

he study area is located in the north-eastern boundary of the city of Milano. The Adriano neighborhood lies between Viale Monza and Via Padova, just beside the border with Sesto S. Giovanni on the north.

It is connected to the urban structure through different infrastructures. There are several metro stations in the area: Precotto and Villa San Giovanni on M1 and Crescenzago and Cascina Gobba on M2. Not only the railway station of Greco Pirelli is just nearby, but also the eastern highway and the bus lines 53, 56 and 86.

URBAN CONTEXT 01

Sesto San Giovanni


O

riginally the area was an agricultural site that was exposed to a sharp transformation in the years of the grand industrial expansion, becoming the heart of the new growing Italian industry.

1940

1.2 Urban context: past, present and future

The Magneti Marelli Factory

2000

I

n 1891, Ercole Marelli founded his own company which specialised in the production of electric motors and devices. The headquarters of the company were built in 1905 in this specific area, the rising neighborhood that developed along Via Elio Adriano, which is now mostly residential. The historic production area was dismantled in the early 1980’s.

Urban redevelopment of the former Magneti Marelli area

2017

he problem with redeveloping the former industrial area became a central theme in the Municipal Administration since the 2000’s. First of all, they debated for a long time on the nature of the project. The administration, that was first bent towards a re-industrialization of the area, later-on decided to change the plan. In July 2000 a new general city plan, based on processes of transformations aimed at removing the fences of the industrial buildings. They wanted to built a new city structure within an open, accessible and flexible site. The area, characterised by a high architectural and environmental quality, became perfect for hosting residences, shopping centres and tertiary services.

2007

T

URBAN CONTEXT 02


The two “Programmi Integrati d’Intervento” 2006

F

ive years after the last re-development of the area, two programs, called “Programmi Integrati di Intervento”, specifically thought for the two areas of Adriano-Marelli and AdrianoCascina San Giuseppe, focused once again on the problem of redevelopment. The two programs aimed at the construction of a neighborhood provided with high standards in services, high quality architectures and also extensive green spaces and public services. The crucial point was the design of a new public park that would be integrated with the existing green system. The interventions provided: - Free construction based on municipality agreements;

- The transformation of some areas into public green space; - Squares and parking lots; - Kindergarten and a primary school; - A multifunctional center; - Residence for the elderly (currently, the abandoned building in Elio Adriano street); - Students dorms.

The neighborhood will be characterised by low, medium, and tall buildings along the perimeter of the long park. Among these, there are a sequences of so-called “towers” that will make up the city’s “landmark” of the new neighborhood.

NOT DONE ABANDONED COMPLETED COMPLETED (green area) NOT COMPLETED (green area)

URBAN CONTEXT 03


Piano periferie - 2016

I

n the period between 2006 and 2015, many of the public works planned by the P.I.I. (Piani Integrati di Intervento) had not been developed. The project required by the residents of the neighborhood had not been accomplished yet. In 2016 the city of Milan selected the neighbourhood for the call for projects “Piano Periferie”. The first goal of the call for projects is to complete the infrastructural works that have been suspended, under the previous plans and later on to create new connections with the existing surroundings. The Plan includes: - Completion of the P.I.I. Adriano Marelli e Cascina San Giuseppe”; - New school structures; - Extension of the Tram line 7; - Study on the hydrogeological arrangement; - Regeneration of the urban spaces; - Redevelopment of the “ex campo nomadi” of via Idro; - Restructuring of the metro station; - Burial of the high voltage power cable tower. The “Piano Periferie”, proposed in the past, persists in the present and it’s forced, due to bureaucratic problems, to look to the future to see its complete accomplishment.

URBAN CONTEXT 04


ADRIANO

Sesto S

1.3 An overview of the neighborhood

an Gio Milano vanni

NEIGHBORHOOD

STEE

L FA

ME� G

A

ARDE

NS

ian o

CONS TR YARD UCTION

DF

SP

OR

D

T

IE

UR

O

Vi a

Eli

B

UN

CONS TR YARD UCTION

RY

oA dr

“FRAN CA RA

CTO

ESSE

LUN

LANDMARKS LANDMARKS

B B typology: residential tower

height: 77residential mt typology: tower height: 77 mt Torre Dacia: new residential buildingDacia: by the new architect Paolo Torre residential Caputo. building by the architect Paolo Only few apartaments have been Caputo. sold since 2007. Only few apartaments have been sold since 2007.

C

C

typology: residential tower height: 70 mt typology: residential tower height: 70 mt

GA

F aband

oned schoo l

E E typology: high voltage trusses

D

D

typology: water tower height: 32 mt 48 mt typology:height: water tower typology:Citizens high voltage trusses are still waiting for an height: 48 mt to put them height: 32intervention mt

underground. They are noisy, dangerous and

invasive. Citizens are still waiting for an intervention to put them underground.

invasive.

typo heig

Buil war, for t


“THE SKELETON�

M

AR

BL

EF AC

TO

E

RY

A people, is now abandoned and in degradation, waiting for a new solution.

ADRI PARK ANO C

F

F

typology: air-raid shelter 28shelter mt air-raid ology:height: ght: 28 mt Built during the second world war, the it has become a symbol for lt during second world the neighborhood. , it has become a symbol

the neighborhood.

Martesana Channel Nursery school and Kindergarden Abandoned houses Church


2. THE BUILDING 2.1 History of the building: birth and abandonment

I

t is in this scenery that the abandoned ‘concrete skeleton’ arises, in the northern part of the district, located on the border with Sesto S. Giovanni. Planned by the P.I.I and legacy of the large ex industrial area, the building has been left unfinished because of the business failures of Giuseppe Pasini, who was the main builder of the district. The goal was to build an elderly health care centre (RSA), but in the last few years the unfinished structure became a theatre of vandalism, violence and abuse. After several unsuccessful hypothesis, the situation (blocked until 2017) was unlocked only a few months ago thanks to the Proges Group project. An agreement was established between the city of Milano and the Proges Group that decided to invest in the developement of the building as a multifunctional residential and servicecare center.

THE BUILDING 07


2.2 A possible future: project

the Proges Group

D

uring the 6th Social Politicies Forum (23 February/2 March 2017), promoted by the city of Milano, the ‘Via Adriano’ restoration project was presented. The actors involved are both public and private. The Proges Group will promote the development of the bulding with an investment of 12 million euros. The project aims at the realisation of a polyvalent structure which will manage health and welfare services. ‘Our project will complete the building in Via Adriano, which has been abandoned more than 7 years ago, having important consequences on urban and social degradation’ said Giancarlo Anghinolfi, Proges General Director. ‘The building is located in a critical position: the centre of a district with a high housing density. This project will be a fundamental step in the services system of Adriano District.’ The complex will be a 15.000 square meters, multifunction building, hosting: an elderly and disabled health care centre (RSA, for total of 132 people equipped with a unit for Alzheimer disease), a daily care centre for elderly people, social housing flats for 33 people and medical clinics. The overall future inhabitants of the building are assumed to be around 200: 150 workers, including doctors, nurses, educators, employees and 50 guests. Moreover, the building will host offices, a public auditorium, a cafeteria and expositive spaces. The green space will be redesigned. Via Adriano will become not only a multipurpose centre of personal services, but also a social and recreational space of the neighbourhood.

THE BUILDING 08

PROGES Proges is an Italian Social Cooperative providing global and facility management to private companies and public entities in various fields: social assistance, elderly care, education, childcare and healthcare. Proges is the Italian leading provider of social services, covering education and sociohealthcare. Proges' Socio-Health Products Line covers Elderly Care and Healthcare Services. Three main areas are covered by the Elderly Care Services: Nursing Homes, Day Care Centers and Home-care Services. Proges has 3000+ employees and 9000+ people assisted each day.


Typologies A - B - C_ Alzheimer, elderly, disabled

Typologies F_ 3 bedrooms social housing (2 units)

The rooms for all three different typologies are configured in the same way in plan. All the rooms are meant for two people. However, there are two different types: one with the beds facing each other, and another with the beds aligned in parallel. The surfaces are generous, as these people may need wheelchairs or other devices to move. They need around 23-25 sqm for the bedrooms, and 5-7 sqm for the bathrooms. All the living spaces are shared. The living-dining room is always placed near the elevator, so that food arrives in an easier way. There are slight differences among the different typologies in the common spaces. For example, both Alzheimer and Disabled have a bigger nursery than Elderly. Alzheimer’s roooms also have access to a private fenced garden located on the ground floor, and Disabled flats to a roof top garden on the last floor of the building.

These flats have a surface of 92 sqm. All three double rooms are very spacious. Compared to the previous typology, they have one more bathroom, and both of them are bigger.

Typologies D_ Temporary 1 bedroom social housing (18 units) With a surface of approximately 41 sqm, these flats are big enough to host two people. However, the nucleuses probably won’t have the possibility to expand, since these houses are assigned by the municipality to people with economic or social problems for a maximum period of two years. The kitchen and the living room are merged into one room to save space.

Typologies E_ 2 bedrooms social housing (8 units) These flats, unlike the previous ones, are not meant to be temporary. They have a surface of 69 sqm and can host 4 people in a comfortable way. The two double rooms are quite big, of about 17 sqm. However, each flat only has a small bathroom (3,7 m2).

THE BUILDING 09


New residential functions according to the PROGES project

Alzheimer

Elderly

Disabled

0 West

1 West, North 2 West, North

3 West, North

Number of nucleuses

10

40

20

People per nucleus

2

2

2

Nucleus surface (smq)

28-33

28-33

28-33

Private space per person (smq)

14-17

14-17

14-17

Living - dining, gym, terrace, emergency room and nurse’s office, staff rooms

Living-dining, gym, terrace, emergency room, staff rooms

Living - dining. gym, terrace, emergency room, nurse’s office, staff rooms, garden

155 m2 per floor \ 20 = 8

314 m2 per floor \ 40 = 8

1461 m2 per floor \ 40 = 102

2-rooms social housing (temporary)

3-rooms social housing

4-rooms social housing

1 North 2 North 3 North

2 South 3 South

2 South 3 South

Number of nucleuses

18

8

2

People per nucleus

2

4

6

Nucleus surface (smq)

41

69

92

Surface per person (smq)

21

17

15

Location

Common spaces

Common spaces per person (smq)

Location

THE BUILDING 10


3. INTERVIEWS

1980

W

e have done these interviews around the neighborhood of Adriano to collect some impressions about it and to know more about the people who live and attend it. We also wanted to know what the inhabitant think about the abandoned building that is our project area.

e neighborhood of Adriano to know about it

A

the people who live and attend it. We also about the abandoned building: our project

fter the town plan the

situation was

of before. In fact this plan different from the previous

INTERVIEWS LEGEND

some more detailed interven

“macro aree”, but the inte

Interviews AREA NEAR AREA NEARESSELUNGA “ESSELUNGA”

bigger scale were about still rely We have done this interviews around the neighborhood of Adriano to know it GREEN AREAS GREEN AREAS a bit more closely and know more about the people who planning. live and attend it. Weimpor also The most BUS - METRO -- TRAM BUS - METRO TRAM wonted to know what the inhabitant think about the abandoned ourwas project with thebuilding: last plan, that YOUNG PEOPLE YOUNG PEOPLE area. parcelling plan (as the be

urbanization) the area is no public administration.

MA

RB

LE

FA C

TO

RY

FAILED STORES FAILED STORES

AREA NEAR ESSELUNGA

ROBBERY ROBBERY

GREEN AREAS

IMMIGRANTS IMMIGRANTS

BUS - METRO - TRAM

SECONDARY SCHOOL NONO SECONDARY SCHOOL

YOUNG PEOPLE

CLUBIN INTHE THE AREA AREA NONO CLUB

7

FITNESSCENTRE CENTRE NONO FITNESS

Via

U.

La

Ma lfa

Via

Eli

oA

dr

ian o

6

at G.

Sa

rag

L FAC

TORY

MA

RB

LE

FA C

o Mulas

Via

Ug

oT og n

az zi

TO

Via Ug

INTERVIEWS 11 Via Robe

i

rto Trem

zz

ni

STEE

na

ro Nen

10

Via

8 Via Piet

elloni

7

RY


Roberto Luisa 40 - 50 0

100

Via Ponte Nuovo,MI

veniamo qui solo per fare la spesa

CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED

SECONDARY SECONDARY SECONDARY SECONDARY SCHOOL SCHOOL SCHOOL SCHOOL

CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED

Who do you live with? Just us two. Do you know anything about the abandoned building in Via Adriano? No, nothing. (After explaining the RSA project) What do you think about it? An elderly residence could work well in this place. SECONDARY SECONDARY SECONDARY SECONDARY SCHOOL SCHOOL SCHOOL SCHOOL

Monia

NON

60 - 70

ci sono aspetti 100

0

Via Giuseppe Saragat, MI

negativi

CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED

SECONDARY SECONDARY SECONDARY SECONDARY SCHOOL SCHOOL SCHOOL SCHOOL

CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED

Who do you live with? Husband and son. Do you know anything about the abandoned building in Via Adriano? No, I don’t know anything. (After explaining the RSA project) What do you think about it? It’s a good idea. SECONDARY SECONDARY SECONDARY SECONDARY SCHOOL SCHOOL SCHOOL SCHOOL

Matteo

la

ZONA

è sempre la

20 - 30 100

0

Via Ponte Nuovo,MI

ZONA!

CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED

SECONDARY SECONDARY SECONDARY SECONDARY SCHOOL SCHOOL SCHOOL SCHOOL

CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED

Who do you live with? I live with my mom and dad. Do you know anything about the abandoned building in Via Adriano? I know that they wanted to build an elderly home but I don’t know what went wrong. (After explaining the RSA project) What do you think about it? I think it is a great idea! SECONDARY SECONDARY SECONDARY SECONDARY SCHOOL SCHOOL SCHOOL SCHOOL

INTERVIEWS 12


Lucia c’è POCA sicurezza

50 - 60 100

0

Via Privata Vipiteno,MI

CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED

SECONDARY SECONDARY SECONDARY SECONDARY SCHOOL SCHOOL SCHOOL SCHOOL

CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED

Who do you live with? Me and my husband. Do you know anything about the abandoned building in Via Adriano? Yes, I received some news via email. (After explaining the RSA project) What do you think about it? I like it, it’s useful. SECONDARY SECONDARY SECONDARY SECONDARY SCHOOL SCHOOL SCHOOL SCHOOL

Marianna vivevo vicino alla Stazione Centrale

50 - 60 0

100

via Vittorio Gassman,MI

qui è

MEGLIO

CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED

SECONDARY SECONDARY SECONDARY SECONDARY SCHOOL SCHOOL SCHOOL SCHOOL

CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED

Who do you live with? Just me. Do you know anything about the abandoned building in Via Adriano? I heard something about some projects that havn’t been completed. (After explaining the RSA project) What do you think about it? This place also needs a middle school but I like the project. SECONDARY SECONDARY SECONDARY SECONDARY SCHOOL SCHOOL SCHOOL SCHOOL

Nicoletta 40 - 50 100

0

Via Privata Transimeno,MI

Se facessero la residenza per anziani andrei a fare la volontaria

CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED

SECONDARY SECONDARY SECONDARY SECONDARY SCHOOL SCHOOL SCHOOL SCHOOL

CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED

Who do you live with? I live with my husband and my two children. Do you know anything about the abandoned building in Via Adriano? I had read that they wanted to built the esselunga there but they didn’t. (After explaining the RSA project) What do you think about it? There is a problem with immigrant people but after all it is okay. SECONDARY SECONDARY SECONDARY SECONDARY SCHOOL SCHOOL SCHOOL SCHOOL

INTERVIEWS 13


Maurizio

NON

60 - 70 100

0

Via San Mamete,MI

lavoro qui per fortuna

CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED

SECONDARY SECONDARY SECONDARY SECONDARY SCHOOL SCHOOL SCHOOL SCHOOL

CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED

Who do you live with? I live my wife and my child. Do you know anything about the abandoned building in Via Adriano? I have read about what happened in there with the immigrants. (After explaining the RSA project) What do you think about it? Good idea, the important thing is that it doesn’t stay abandoned anymore. SECONDARY SECONDARY SECONDARY SECONDARY SCHOOL SCHOOL SCHOOL SCHOOL

Armando

NON ci sono

50 - 60

luoghi di 100

0

Via Tognazzi,MI

aggregazione

CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED

SECONDARY SECONDARY SECONDARY SECONDARY SECONDARY SCHOOL SCHOOL SCHOOL SCHOOL SCHOOL

CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED

Who do you live with? With my wife and two children. Do you know anything about the abandoned building in Via Adriano? Not really, I always saw this big and ugly construction site. (After explaining the RSA project) What do you think about it? I think it is a good idea for this abandoned area. SECONDARY SECONDARY SECONDARY SECONDARY SCHOOL SCHOOL SCHOOL SCHOOL

Giovanni c’è un’ invasione

70 - 80

AFRICANA nel quartiere 100

0

Crescenzago,MI

CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED

SECONDARY SECONDARY SECONDARY SECONDARY SCHOOL SCHOOL SCHOOL SCHOOL

CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED

Who do you live with? By myself. Do you know anything about the abandoned building in Via Adriano? Yes since it was demolished, a lot of modern buildings took its place. (After explaining the RSA project) What do you think about it? An house for the elderly is a great idea! At least I know where I will end up! SECONDARY SECONDARY SECONDARY SECONDARY SCHOOL SCHOOL SCHOOL SCHOOL

INTERVIEWS 14


4. PHOTO SURVEY

PHOTO SURVEY 15


PHOTO SURVEY 16


PHOTO SURVEY 17


PHOTO SURVEY 18


PHOTO SURVEY 19


PHOTO SURVEY 20


PHOTO SURVEY 21


PHOTO SURVEY 22


PHOTO SURVEY 23


PHOTO SURVEY 24


PHOTO SURVEY 25


PHOTO SURVEY 26


PHOTO SURVEY 27


PHOTO SURVEY 28


5. RE-DRAWING

5.1 State of the art

Urban Context

0

RE-DRAWING 29

100

300

1000


10

Planivolumetric

RE-DRAWING 30

30

80


RE-DRAWING 31


RE-DRAWING 32


5.2 Proges’ project Floor plans, sections, front views

Underground Project RE-DRAWING 33


Grounddoor Project

1

RE-DRAWING 34

3

8

18


RE-DRAWING 35


RE-DRAWING 36


Elevations

01 3

RE-DRAWING 37

8

18


Sections

01 3

RE-DRAWING 38

8

18 m


5.2 Proges’ project Typologies: plans and sections

RSA - Alzheimer RSA - Senile RSA - Disabled Temporary Housing Social Housing Clinics Common services Offices

RE-DRAWING 39


Temporary housing - one bedroom at RE-DRAWING 40


RE-DRAWING 41


RE-DRAWING 42


RE-DRAWING 43


RE-DRAWING 44


6. BIBLIOGRAPHY and SITOGRAPHY http://www.milanoincontemporanea.com/2016/08/28/la-nuova-vita-di-quartiere-adriano-a-milano-ecco-come-diventera/ http://www.ilgiorno.it/milano/cronaca/quartiere-adriano-palazzo-1.2756454 https://www.avvenire.it/attualita/pagine/quartiere-adriano-promessa-tradita-reportage-monici http://www.milanotoday.it/notizie/adriano/ http://blog.urbanfile.org/2016/08/25/milano-zona-adriano-un-piano-per-il-quartiere-adriano/ http://www.comune.milano.it/wps/portal/ist/it/servizi/territorio/pianificazione_urbanistica_attuativa/ progetti_attuazione/grandi_progetti/cascinasgiuseppe_adrianomarelli http://milano.corriere.it/notizie/cronaca/15_marzo_30/quartiere-adriano-opere-mai-finite-dieci-milioni-danni-citta-ce96f944-d6a9-11e4-a883-4c9c44a1b2f9.shtml http://www.legacoop.coop/quotidiano/2017/03/16/gruppo-camst-proges-riqualifica-via-adriano-milano/ Vercesi M., Milano: Il quartiere Adriano. Gli abitanti “progettano” la città., Milano, Franco Angeni, 1999.

BIBLIOGRAPHY and SITOGRAPHY 45


ReCoDe2017_Quartiere Adriano  

Case Study: Quartiere Adriano Re Co.De! reshaping contemporary dwelling Thematic Design Studio - BA Architectural Design AUIC School - Po...

ReCoDe2017_Quartiere Adriano  

Case Study: Quartiere Adriano Re Co.De! reshaping contemporary dwelling Thematic Design Studio - BA Architectural Design AUIC School - Po...

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