Auktion 253 Künker

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6KVGNHQVQ 0T RUSSISCHES REICH St. Andras-Orden. Kleinod zur Ordenskollane. Gold und Emaille. Anfertigung von Albert Keibel in St. Petersburg zwischen 1899 und 1905.


AUKTION 253 Orden und Ehrenzeichen 10. Ordensauktion des Hauses Künker u. a. die Sammlung Friedhelm Beyreiß: Oldenburg sowie bedeutende Sammlungen Italien, Rußland und Skandinavien ZEIT

Samstag, 4. Oktober 2014 9.30 Uhr - 13.00 Uhr 14.00 Uhr - 19.00 Uhr

ORT

Steigenberger Hotel Remarque Osnabrück, Natruper-Tor-Wall 1

AUKTIONS-TELEFON

+49 (0)541 60 96 633

AUKTIONS-FAX

+49 (0)541 60 96 634

Auktionen 253-257, Oktober 2014 4. OKTOBER 2014 6./7. OKTOBER 2014

Auktion 253 Orden und Ehrenzeichen Auktion 254 Münzen und Medaillen aus Mittelalter und Neuzeit u. a. die Hennebergsammlung Horst Nussmann Papiergeld - Münzwaagen

7. OKTOBER 2014

Auktion 255 Die Münzsammlung Ernst Otto Horn, Teil 1

8. OKTOBER 2014

Englische Münzen ab 1658 (English milled coins) Eine bedeutende Spezialsammlung Russische Münzen und Medaillen

9. OKTOBER 2014

Auktion 256 Goldprägungen u. a. Großbritannien und Schweiz Deutsche Münzen ab 1871

10. OKTOBER 2014

Auktion 257 Münzen aus der Welt der Antike u. a. ausgewählte Münzen aus der Sammlung eines Ästheten


Zeitplan/Timetable Auktion 253 Orden und Ehrenzeichen

Auktion 254 Münzen und Medaillen aus Mittelalter und Neuzeit

Samstag, 4. Oktober 2014 9.30 Uhr - 13.00 Uhr Nr. 1 bis Nr. 721 Bücher, deutsche Staaten, Europa: Albanien - Griechenland 14.00 Uhr - 19.00 Uhr Nr. 722 bis Nr. 1628 Europa: Griechenland - Vatikan, Übersee Montag, 6. Oktober 2014 10.00 Uhr - 13.00 Uhr Nr. 2001 bis Nr. 2604 Europa: Albanien - Schweiz (Thurgau) 14.00 Uhr - 19.00 Uhr Nr. 2605 bis Nr. 3580 Europa: Schweiz (Uri, Schwyz und Unterwalden) - Zypern, Übersee, RDR, Deutschland: Aachen - Jülich-Kleve-Berg Dienstag, 7. Oktober 2014 10.00 Uhr - 13.00 Uhr Nr. 3581 bis Nr. 4179 Deutschland: Kiel - Würzburg, Medaillen, Notmünze, Lots, Papiergeld, Münzwaagen

Auktion 255 Die Münzsammlung Ernst Otto Horn, Teil 1 Englische Münzen ab 1658 (English milled coins) Eine bedeutende Spezialsammlung Russische Münzen und Medaillen

Auktion 256 Goldprägungen u. a. Großbritannien und Schweiz Deutsche Münzen ab 1871

Auktion 257 Münzen aus der Welt der Antike u. a. ausgewählte Münzen aus der Sammlung eines Ästheten

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14.00 Uhr - 18.00 Uhr Nr. 4501 bis Nr. 5195 Mittwoch, 8. Oktober 2014 10.00 Uhr - 13.00 Uhr Nr. 5196 bis Nr. 5582 14.00 Uhr - 18.00 Uhr Nr. 5583 bis Nr. 6003 Donnerstag, 9. Oktober 2014 10.00 Uhr - 13.00 Uhr Nr. 6501 bis Nr. 7200 14.00 Uhr - 18.00 Uhr Nr. 7201 bis Nr. 7995 Freitag, 10. Oktober 2014 10.00 Uhr - 13.00 Uhr Nr. 8001 bis Nr. 8649 Kelten, Griechen, Sammlung eines Ästheten, Teil I: Griechen, Römische Republik, Imperatoren, Römische Kaiserzeit: Augustus - Probus 14.00 Uhr - 18.00 Uhr Nr. 8650 bis Nr. 9451 Sammlung eines Ästheten, Teil II: Römische Kaiserzeit ab Numerianus, Byzanz Römische Münzen, Paduaner, Völkerwanderung, Byzanz, Kreuzfahrer, Orientalen


Sehr geehrter Kunde, liebe Münzfreunde, wir freuen uns, Ihnen die neuen Kataloge unserer Herbstauktion in Osnabrück präsentieren zu dürfen. Wir wünschen Ihnen viel Vergnügen beim Studium der Kataloge und hoffen, Sie finden einige Stücke für Ihre Sammlung. Wie gewohnt haben wir unsere Kataloge mit Sorgfalt und Präzision entstehen lassen. Diesen hohen Standard verdanken wir einem Team von numismatischen Experten, die auf jahrzehntelange Erfahrung im Bereich von Münzen, Medaillen und Orden zurückblicken können. Bei Künker können Sie sich daher auf eine exakte Bewertung und Beschreibung der Auktionsobjekte verlassen. Wir gehen in unserem Qualitätsversprechen sogar noch einen Schritt weiter: Wenn Sie bei uns ein Stück erwerben, geben wir Ihnen eine Echtheitsgarantie – und diese gilt bei uns zeitlich unbegrenzt. Wir gewährleisten damit über die gesetzliche Frist hinaus, dass die von uns verkauften Objekte echt sind beziehungsweise den Beschreibungen im Katalog entsprechen.

Ol Oliver K Köpp

Leiter der Auktionsabteilung Director Numismatic Department

Neben der fachlichen Kompetenz und unserem Qualitätsversprechen sehen wir den Kontakt zu Ihnen als unsere wichtigste Aufgabe. Es ist eine Freude für uns, die Begeisterung für die Numismatik mit Ihnen teilen zu dürfen. Kundenservice wird bei uns allerdings nicht nur proklamiert, sondern tagtäglich gelebt. In unserer Kundenbetreuung stehen wir Ihnen stets bei allen Fragen und Problemen zur Verfügung. Für uns ist es wichtig, Sie bereits ab dem ersten Kontakt persönlich und kompetent beraten zu können. Deswegen sind wir stolz darauf, Sie in insgesamt sieben Sprachen (Deutsch/Englisch/Französisch/Italienisch/Spanisch/Arabisch/Russisch) begrüßen zu dürfen. Um stets für Sie persönlich da sein zu können und Sie beim Auf bau oder dem Verkauf Ihrer Sammlung optimal zu betreuen, haben wir über die letzten Jahre ein weltweites Netz an Dependancen und Partnern aufgebaut, um immer in Ihrer Nähe zu sein. Darüber hinaus können Sie uns auf vielen großen Münzbörsen und Messen weltweit persönlich antreffen.

D Andreas Dr. A d Kaiser Geschäftsführer/Managing Director

Wir wünschen Ihnen nun viel Freude mit den Katalogen der Herbstauktion und viel Erfolg beim Bieten!

Dear Customers and Coin Enthusiasts, We are delighted to present you our new catalogues for the Fall Auction in Osnabrück. We wish you much enjoyment in your perusal of the catalogues, and we hope you may find some items you wish to add to your collection. We have, as usual, created our catalogues with care and attention to detail. These high standards, which you as a customer have come to appreciate, come to you courtesy of our team of numismatic experts, who benefit from decades of experience in the field of coins, medals, orders and decorations. Thus when you consign to Künker or place a bid, you may depend on a precise, professional assessment and description of the objects to be auctioned.

Ulrich l h Künker k Geschäftsführer/Managing Director

At Künker we even go one step further with our assurance of quality: when you acquire an item from us, we give you a warranty of authenticity – with no time limit. This means we warrant, beyond the time period set by law, that the objects bought from us are authentic and correspond to the descriptions in the catalogues. Along with expert competence and our assurance of quality, we consider good relations with you, our customers, to be our most important priority. It is a great pleasure for us to share your enthusiasm and passion for numismatics. However: we don’t merely proclaim our interest in customer service. We “live it” every day. Our Customer Service is always more than happy to answer your questions and deal with any problems you might have. It is important to us to advise you personally and competently, from the very first time you contact us. Therefore we’re proud that we can greet you in a total of seven languages (German/English/French/Italian/ Spanish/Arabic/Russian).

E k Müller Eike ll Leiter Goldhandel Director Gold Coin Trading

In order to be at your disposal constantly, and help you in building or selling your collection, we have developed a worldwide network of branches and partners in recent years which brings us even closer to you. In addition you can meet us personally at many major coin conventions and coin fairs around the world. And now, allow us to wish you a pleasant experience with the 2014 Fall Auction catalogues, and much success in your bidding! Mit herzlichen Grüßen,/With Best Wishes, Oliver Köpp, ppa., Leiter der Auktionsabteilung/Director of Numismatic Department

Frankk Burmeister B Betriebsleiter/Operating Manager

TEL +49 (0)541 96 20 20, FAX +49 (0)541 96 20 222, SERVICE@KUENKER.DE, WWW.KUENKER.DE

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Besichtigung/On View Die Besichtigung des Auktionsgutes kann nach vorheriger telefonischer Absprache in unseren neuen Geschäftsräumen in der Nobbenburger Straße 4a in Osnabrück erfolgen. Auction lots may be viewed on appointment in our new facilities, Nobbenburger Strasse 4a in Osnabrück.

Online-Katalog/Online Catalogue

KUENKER.DE

Betrachten Sie unsere Auktionskataloge im Internet! Unter www.kuenker.de und www.sixbid.com haben Sie die Möglichkeit, Abbildungen zu vergrößern, Ihre Gebote direkt abzugeben und die Ergebnisse der Auktionen abzurufen. Please browse our auction catalogues at www.kuenker.com or at www.sixbid.com! You will have the possibility to zoom all images, to place your bids and to view all auction results online.

Künker-Service Wir sind mittlerweile mit zehn eigenen Standorten in Deutschland und Europa vertreten. So können wir Ihnen unseren beliebten Künker-Service auch in Ihrer Nähe anbieten. Unsere Leistungen vor Ort: • Persönliche Beratung und Betreuung in Ihrer Nähe. • Sie können Ihre Münzen direkt einliefern oder verkaufen, ersteigerte Münzen abholen und sich nach Vereinbarung Einlieferungen auszahlen lassen. • Sie können sich von unserem Kooperationspartner auf den Künker-Auktionen vertreten lassen. We are now represented with ten locations in Germany and Europe so that we can also provide you the best service in your vicinity. Our local services: • You always have a point of contact nearby. • You can directly consign or sell your coins, collect purchases and receive by appointment payment for consignments. • You can have our cooperation partner represent you at our auctions.

OSNABRÜCK Fritz Rudolf Künker GmbH & Co. KG Nobbenburger Straße 4a, 49076 Osnabrück Tel. +49 (0)541 96 20 20, E-Mail: service@kuenker.de USt-IdNr./VAT-No: DE256270181

Haup Ha uptsttssititzz in up i Osn snab nabbrüückk

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TEL +49 (0)541 96 20 20, FAX +49 (0)541 96 20 222, SERVICE@KUENKER.DE, WWW.KUENKER.DE


Standorte/Locations MÜNCHEN Künker Numismatik AG Löwengrube 12, 80333 München Dr. Hubert Ruß Tel. +49 (0)89 242 198 38, service@kuenker-numismatik.de

Dr. Hubeert Dr rt Rußß

F an Fr ankk Riich chaarrdsen

Fritz Rudolf Künker GmbH & Co. KG Maximiliansplatz 12a, 80333 München Frank Richardsen Tel. +49 (0)89 242 16 990, frank.richardsen@kuenker.de BERLIN Fritz Rudolf Künker GmbH & Co. KG Poststraße 22, 10178 Berlin-Mitte Michael Otto Tel. +49 (0)30 247 248 91, michael.otto@kuenker.de HAMBURG Künker Hamburg, c/o Roland Trampe Roland Trampe Tel. +49 (0)541 96 20 20, roland.trampe@kuenker.de

Miich M chae aaeel Ottto to

R la Ro land ndd Trraam mppe

KONSTANZ Künker Konstanz, c/o Michael Autengruber Schulthaißstraße 10, 78462 Konstanz Michael Autengruber Tel. +49 (0)7531 28 29 059, michael.autengruber@kuenker.de WIEN Künker Wien, c/o Numfil GmbH, Seidengasse 16, 1070 Wien, Österreich Petr Kovaljov, Tel. +43 676 4838 733, kuenker@numfil.com

Mich Mi c aeel Au Auteteng ngru r be ru berr

Petr Pe tr Kov ovaaalljoov

ZNOJMO Künker Znojmo, c/o Numfil s.r.o. 17. Listopadu 18, 66902 Znojmo, Tschechische Republik Petr Kovaljov, Tel. +420 603 81 10 31, petr.kovaljov@kuenker.de ZÜRICH Künker Zürich, c/o Hess-Divo AG Löwenstraße 55, 8001 Zürich, Schweiz Ulf Künker, Tel. +41 (0)44 225 40 90, zuerich@kuenker.de

Ulff K Ul Küünk nker nker er

Allek A e seey On O chukoov ov

MOSKAU Künker Moskau, c/o Russian Coin Co. Ltd. Lyalin pereulok dom 9, str. 1, of. 3, 105062 Moskau, Russland Aleksey Onchukov Tel. +7 (495) 589 56 10, aleksey.onchukov@kuenker.de

TEL +49 (0)541 96 20 20, FAX +49 (0)541 96 20 222, SERVICE@KUENKER.DE, WWW.KUENKER.DE

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Was ist für Ihre schriftliche Auktionsteilnahme besonders wichtig?

DEUTSCH

• Bitte senden Sie uns Ihre Aufträge möglichst frühzeitig zu. Wenn uns Ihr Auftrag erst kurz vor der Auktion erreicht, können sich bei der Bearbeitung Fehler einschleichen. Das beiliegende Formular erleichtert Ihnen die Abgabe eines schriftlichen Gebots. Gerne nehmen wir Ihre Gebote per Post, Fax oder Email entgegen. • Wenn Sie noch nicht bei uns gekauft haben, bitten wir Sie, uns als Referenz eine Münzhandlung anzugeben, mit der Sie bereits in Geschäftsverbindung stehen. • Wir gewährleisten die Echtheit aller verkauften Objekte auch über die gesetzliche Frist hinaus.

Sie möchten telefonisch an der Auktion teilnehmen? Die telefonische Teilnahme an der Auktion ist bei uns selbstverständlich möglich. Wir rufen Sie während der Auktion gerne an und helfen Ihnen, die gewünschten Stücke zu ersteigern. Aus organisatorischen Gründen bitten wir Sie, die folgenden Punkte zu beachten:

Frank Burmeister Leiter Kundenbetreuung

• Telefonisches Bieten ist nur bei Losen mit einer Taxe von mind. € 500,– möglich. • Bitte teilen Sie uns mindestens 48 Stunden vor der Auktion mit, zu welchen Stücken Sie angerufen werden möchten. • Bitte achten Sie darauf, dass Sie erreichbar sind, wenn Ihre Stücke versteigert werden. Der Zeitplan in diesem Katalog hilft Ihnen dabei, den Zeitpunkt der Versteigerung abzuschätzen. • Wir empfehlen, zusätzlich zu Ihrem Anrufwunsch auch ein Gebotslimit abzugeben, damit wir für Sie auch dann bieten können, falls die Verbindung nicht zustande kommt. • Bitte beachten Sie, dass telefonisches Bieten eine unsichere Variante der Auktionsteilnahme sein kann. Wir können keine Garantie für das Zustandekommen der telefonischen Verbindung übernehmen. Wenn Sie sicher gehen wollen, besuchen Sie bitte unsere Auktion persönlich oder geben Sie uns ein schriftliches Gebot.

Was passiert nach der Auktion? Barbara Westmeyer deutschsprachige Kundenbetreuung

Telefon: +49 541 96202 0 Fax: +49 541 96202 22 Gebührenfrei: 0800 5836537 E-Mail: service@kuenker.de Internet: www.kuenker.de Montag – Donnerstag 8.30 – 17.00 Uhr Freitag 8.00 – 15.30 Uhr

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• Der Versand der Auktionsware startet sofort nach Beendigung der Auktion und dauert in der Regel 8 Tage. • Alle Kunden, die an unserer Auktion schriftlich teilgenommen haben, erhalten innerhalb von 2 Wochen nach der Auktion unsere Ergebnisliste gratis. • Alle Ergebnisse sind spätestens einen Tag nach Auktionsende auf unserer Internetseite verfügbar.

Sie möchten Ihre Münzen in unsere Auktion einliefern? Sollten Sie sich zum Verkauf Ihrer Münzen entschlossen haben, kommen Sie zu uns. Seit 1985 beweisen wir mit derzeit 4 Auktionsterminen und ca. 15 Katalogen pro Jahr unsere Kompetenz und Zuverlässigkeit. Wichtige Informationen für Sie im Überblick: • Ihre Münzen werden von unseren Experten nach neuestem numismatischem Standard bestimmt und in hochwertigen Farbkatalogen präsentiert. • Wir verfügen mit mehr als 10.000 Kunden über eine der besten Kundendateien weltweit. Im Durchschnitt verkaufen wir mehr als 95 % der Stücke einer Auktion, nicht selten erzielen wir dabei Rekordzuschläge. Für nicht verkaufte Objekte werden keine Gebühren erhoben. • Ab der Übergabe an uns sind Ihre Münzen mit dem doppelten Schätzwert versichert. Unsere Kundenbetreuung bespricht gerne mit Ihnen wie Ihre Stücke sicher zu uns gelangen können. • Ihre Einlieferung wird Ihnen sofort nach der Übernahme quittiert. Spätestens 5 Wochen vor der Auktion erhalten Sie eine Auflistung Ihrer Stücke inkl. Katalognummern und Schätzpreisen. • Unmittelbar nach der Auktion erhalten Sie die Ergebnisliste und können dann alle erzielten Preise feststellen. Den Auktionserlös erhalten Sie innerhalb von 45 Tagen nach der Auktion.

TEL +49 (0)541 96 20 20, FAX +49 (0)541 96 20 222, SERVICE@KUENKER.DE, WWW.KUENKER.DE


Important facts for a written participation in the auction • Please send us your instructions as early as possible. The likelihood of errors occurring increases if we receive your instructions only shortly before the auction. The enclosed form should make it simple for you to submit a written bid, you may send your bids by mail, fax or e-mail. • If you are a new customer who has not yet purchased from us, we do request references. Please name a coin dealer with whom you have already done business. • The genuineness of all objects sold is warranted beyond the statutory length of time.

ENGLISH

Do you wish to participate by telephone? You are welcome to participate in our auction by telephone. We are glad to call you during the auction and to assist you in bidding for your items. Please take notice of the following conditions: • Telephone bidding is accepted exclusively on lot numbers with estimates at 500 Euro or above. • Please inform us at least 48 hours in advance if you wish to register for telephone bidding, even for single lots. We do need 48 hours to schedule all incoming requests. • Please be available, when your lots will be sold. The time schedule in the catalogue will help you to estimate the approximate time when your items are going to be sold. • When you register for telephone bidding, we recommend to leave a written bid in addition. This bid will only be executed, should the telephone bidding be interrupted or not be achieved. • Please be aware that telephone bidding is a risky way of participation in our auction. We do not assume liability should the telephone line be interrupted or not be achieved. We advise you to attend the auction in person or to send written bids.

Hildegard Terfehr English, Deutsch

What occurs after the auction? • The shipment of all auction goods starts immediately after the completion of the entire auction week and it usually takes 8 days to be completed. • All auction results are available on our website one day after the end of the auction week. • All clients who submitted bids for the auction will automatically receive the list of auction results free of charge within two weeks after the end of auction.

Do you wish to consign your coins to our auction? Should you decide to sell your coins, we are ready to assist you. Since 1985 we have earned our bona fides in conducting over 4 auctions and in publishing 15 catalogues per year. In the following you will find the most important information on consigning: • We guarantee the professional handling of your consignment following the latest numismatic level of expertise including its presentation in colour catalogues of outstanding quality. • We possess one of the best customer lists worldwide. On average we sell more than 95 % of all items in our auction, and it is not unusual for us to achieve record hammer prices for lots submitted. Unsold items incur no fees. • Once the coins are consigned they are covered by our insurance at double the estimate. Upon consultation with our customer service we try to advise you on the safest way of shipping for your coins. • Your delivery will be confirmed in writing immediately on receipt. At least five weeks before the auction, you will receive an exact list of your objects with the relevant catalogue numbers and descriptions. • Within a week of the end of auction, you will receive a list of auction results in order to see what prices were reached for each individual lot. As a consignor, you will receive the auction proceeds within 45 days after the end of auction.

Marion Künker English, Deutsch

Phone: +49 (0)541 96 20 20 Fax: +49 (0)541 96 20 222 E-Mail: service@kuenker.de Website: www.kuenker.com Monday –Thursday 8.30 AM – 5 PM Friday 8 AM – 3.30 PM

TEL +49 (0)541 96 20 20, FAX +49 (0)541 96 20 222, SERVICE@KUENKER.DE, WWW.KUENKER.DE

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Votre participation par écrit – Les points essentiels

FRANCAIS

• Veuillez nous faire parvenir vos ordres le plus tôt possible. Si vos ordres nous parviennent juste avant la vente aux enchères, des erreurs risquent d’être commises lors de leur traitement. Le formulaire ci-joint vous aidera à rédiger facilement votre offre. Vous pouvez nous envoyer vos ordres par la poste, par fax ou par e-mail. • Si vous n’avez encore fait aucune acquisition chez nous, nous vous prions de nous indiquer une ou deux références d’autres maisons numismatiques où vous avez déjà acheté. • L’authenticité des pièces vendues est garantie même au-delà des délais légaux.

Vous voulez participer par téléphone? La participation par téléphone est bien sûr possible. Nous vous appelons volontiers pour vous aider à acquérir les pièces voulues. Pour des raisons d´organisation veuillez noter les points suivants:

Alexandra Elflein, M. A. Français, Deutsch, English, Italiano

• La participation par téléphone est possible seulement pour les lots estimé à plus de 500 Euros chacun. • Veuillez nous informer au moins 48 heures avant la vente de la liste des pièces pour lesquelles vous voudriez être appelé. • Veuillez prendre soin d´être joignable quand vos pièces seront mises en vente. L’ordre de vente dans ce catalogue vous aidera à estimer l´heure de la vente. • Vue les risques de la participation téléphonique, nous vous recommandons néanmoins d’indiquer une limite maximale pour chaque lot, pour que nous puissions enchérir pour vous, même si la communication téléphonique serait interrompue ou ne pourrait pas être établie. • La participation par téléphone présente des risques, et nous déclinons toute responsabilité dans le cas où la communication téléphonique serait interrompue, ou bien ne pourrait être établie.

Ce qui se passe après la vente Kmar Chachoua Français, Deutsch, English, Arabic

Tél. +49 (0)541 96 20 20 Facs. +49 (0)541 96 20 222 E-Mail: service@kuenker.de Site: www.kuenker.de Lundi à Jeudi de 8h30 à 17h00 Vendredi de 8h00 à 15h30

• L´expédition des biens va commencer immédiatement après la fin de la vente complète, et prend généralement 8 jours. • Tous les clients qui ont participé à l’une de nos ventes aux enchères recevront gratuitement une liste de résultats dans les deux semaines qui suivent. • Les résultats seront disponibles sur notre site internet, au plus tard un jour après la fin de la vente.

Vous voulez confier vos monnaies pour nos ventes aux enchères? Contactez nous si vous envisagez de vendre vos pièces. Notre compétence et fiabilité est prouvée depuis 1985 par actuellement 4 ventes aux enchères et environ 15 catalogues par an. Le plus important pour vous est que: • Vos pièces seront décrites par notre équipe d’experts selon les standards numismatiques les plus récents, et elles seront présentées dans des catalogues de haute qualité en couleurs. • Nous avons un des meilleurs fichiers-clientèle du monde avec plus de 10.000 clients. Nous vendons en moyenne plus de 95% de la vente aux enchères, et obtenons souvent des prix records. Les monnaies invendues n’encourent aucun frais. • Notre service clientèle est disponible pour vous conseiller pour l’envoi de vos pièces, et dès leur réception vos pièces seront assurées pour le double de la valeur d´estimation. • Vous recevrez une liste détaillée des pièces fournies au moment de la prise en charge puis, au plus tard cinq semaines avant la vente aux enchères, vous recevrez leur liste exacte avec les numéros de catalogue correspondants. • Immédiatement après la vente aux enchères, vous recevrez la liste des résultats et pourrez prendre connaissance des prix obtenus. Vous recevrez le produit de la vente dans les 45 jours après les enchères.

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TEL +49 (0)541 96 20 20, FAX +49 (0)541 96 20 222, SERVICE@KUENKER.DE, WWW.KUENKER.DE


I punti piú importanti per la Sua partecipazione per iscritto • La preghiamo di farci pervenire i Suoi ordini al piú presto possibile. Se i Suoi ordini ci arrivano poco prima dell´inizio dell´asta possono verificarsi errori. Il formulario allegato Le faciliterá l´invio dei Suoi ordini per iscritto. Ci puó far pervenire i Suoi ordini per posta, per fax o per email. • Se non ha mai acquistato presso di noi, La preghiamo di volerci indicare a titolo di referenza il nome di uno o due commercianti numismatici presso i quali è giá cliente. • L’autenticità di tutti gli oggetti venduti viene garantita anche oltre i termini previsti dalla legge.

ITALIANO

Desidera partecipare telefonicamente alla nostra asta? La partecipazione telefonica è naturalmente da noi possibile. La chiameremo durante l´asta e La assisteremo volentieri per ottenere l´aggiudicazione dei pezzi desiderati. Per motivi di organizzazione La preghiamo di voler tenere conto dei seguenti punti: • La partecipazione telefonica è possibile solo per lotti stimati con almeno 500,– € l´uno. • La preghiamo di volerci comunicare almeno 48 ore prima dell´inizio dell´asta per quali pezzi desidera essere chiamato. • La preghiamo di aver cura di essere raggiungibile telefonicamente al momento in cui vengono messi all´asta i pezzi che Le interessano. Lo schema orario in catalogo La aiuterá a stimare a che ora verranno messi all´asta i pezzi che Le interessano. • Consigliamo di indicare sempre assieme alla richiesta di partecipazione telefonica anche un´ importo massimo, per permetterci di fare per Lei l´offerta anche nel caso in cui la telefonata non fosse possibile. • La partecipazione telefonica è un modo incerto di partecipare alle aste. Non assumiamo nessuna responsabilità se per esempio la linea telefonica è occupata o interrotta o se Lei non sará raggiungibile per altri motivi.

Cosa succede dopo l´asta? • La spedizione del materiale d´asta comincia subito dopo la fine dell´intera asta e termina normalmente entro 8 giorni. • Tutti i clienti che hanno partecipato all´asta ricevono entro 2 settimane dopo l´asta la lista dei prezzi di realizzo. • I prezzi di realizzo sono visionabili sul nostro sito internet al piú tardi un giorno dopo la fine dell´intera asta.

Cristina Welzel Italiano, Deutsch, English, Français

Tel.: +49 (0)541 96 20 20 Fax: +49 (0)541 96 20 222 E-Mail: service@kuenker.de Internet: www.kuenker.de Lunedì a giovedì dalle 8.30 alle 17.00 Venerdì dalle 8.00 alle 15.30

Vuole consegnarci le Sue monete per una nostra asta? Ci contatti se ha deciso di vendere le Sue monete. Dal 1985 la nostra competenza ed affidabilità è dimostrata da attualmente 4 aste e circa 15 cataloghi all´anno. Quali sono i punti di maggior importanza per Lei: • Le Sue monete vengono valutate dal nostro staff di esperti secondo i piú attuali standard numismatici e vengono presentati in cataloghi di alto valore a colori. • Con piú di 10.000 clienti disponiamo di una delle migliori banca dati clienti del mondo. In media vendiamo oltre il 95% del materiale d´asta realizzando spesso prezzi da record. Per i pezzi invenduti non ci sono nessune spese da pagare. • Dal momento della consegna le Sue monete sono assicurate per il doppio del valore di stima. Il nostro servizio clientela Le consiglierá volentieri come farci avere le Sue monete nel modo piú sicuro. • La Sua consegna Le verrá immediatamente quietanzata al momento della resa dei pezzi. Al piú tardi 5 settimane prima dell´asta riceverá una lista dettagliata dei Suoi pezzi con i numeri di catalogo ed i prezzi di stima. • Subito dopo l´asta riceverá la lista con i risultati d´asta dalla quale potrá subito controllare i prezzi realizzati. Riceverá l´importo di realizzo entro 45 giorni dopo la fine dell´asta.

TEL +49 (0)541 96 20 20, FAX +49 (0)541 96 20 222, SERVICE@KUENKER.DE, WWW.KUENKER.DE

9


Что особенно важно при заочном участии на аукционе?

RUSSKIJ

• Тщательно изучите наш каталог и запишите те лоты, которые Вас заинтересовали. Заполните приложенный формуляр и отправьте нам его заранее по почте, факсу или электронной почте. Мы обращаем внимание на то, что если Ваши ставки придут перед самым началом аукциона либо во время аукциона, то существует вероятность допуска ошибки в процессе обработки заказа. • Если Вы впервые принимаете участие в нашем аукционе, то мы рекомендуем Вам указать Ваш референц – аукционные дома, с которыми Вы уже сотрудничали. Или свяжитесь с нами по телефону +49(0)541 9620268. • Подлинность купленных на нашем аукционе лотов гарантируется нами на протяжении неограниченного времени.

Вы хотели бы принять участие на аукционе по телефону? У нас, конечно, есть возможность организовать Ваше телефонное участие на торгах, но мы бы хотели обратить внимание на следующие пункты:

Dzmitry Nikulin Russkij, Deutsch, English

Телефон: +49 (0)541 96 20 20 Факс: +49 (0)541 96 20 222 E-Mail: service@kuenker.de интернет: www.kuenker.de понедельник – четверг 8.30 – 17.00 пятница 8 – 15.30

• Участие в телефонных торгах возможно только для лотов со стартовой ценой свыше 500 евро. • Для участия в торгах по телефону просим Вас связаться с нами не позднее 48 часов до начала аукциона. • Мы хотим подчеркнуть, что телефонное участие на аукционе – не самый безопасный способ: в случае плохой связи, недоступности клиента во время торгов либо других технических проблем мы не несем ответственности. • Мы рекомендуем Вам при участии в торгах по телефону дополнительно сообщить нам о Вашем лимите на интересующие лоты в случае, если телефонная связь будет невозможна или по техническим причинам прервана.

Что происходит после окончания аукциона? • Результаты аукционов доступны на нашем сайте на следующий день после окончания торгов. • Вы можете лично забрать приобретенные лоты. По окончании торгов мы готовим все необходимые документы на вывоз из Евросоюза. • Почтовые отправки в Россию ( Беларусь, Украину ) осуществляются по предварительной договоренности. Для связи с нами звоните по телефону +49 (0)541 9620268.

Вы хотели бы выставить Ваши предметы на аукцион? Более 160-ти успешно проведенных аукционов, тысячи участников, 4 аукциона в год - эти и другие преимущества, которые говорят в пользу выставления Ваших коллекций на аукцион Кюнкер: • Ваши монеты будут оценены нашими экспертами по самым новым нумизматическим стандартам и представлены в высококачественном цветном каталоге. • Более 10000 клиентов со всего мира оказывают нам свое доверие. В среднем мы продаем более 95% всех выставляемых предметов, при этом зачастую достигая рекордных сумм. • Все Ваши предметы, после передачи их нам, хранятся у нас до начала аукциона застрахованными. Не позднее 5-ти недель до начала аукциона Вы получите по почте подробное описание Ваших лотов с указаннами номерами в каталоге, а также их оценочной стоимостью. • Результаты аукционов также будут высланы Вам по почте после окончания торгов. В течение 45 дней после аукциона Вам будет выплачено Ваше вознаграждение.

10

TEL +49 (0)541 96 20 20, FAX +49 (0)541 96 20 222, SERVICE@KUENKER.DE, WWW.KUENKER.DE


什么是书面竞价要注意的? • 请尽早将您的竞价单寄给我们。如果我们在拍卖前很短时间内才收到您 的竞价单,可能会产生工作上的失误。后面附加的竞价表会辅助您完成 您的书面竞价。我们很愿意通过邮件,传真及电子邮件的方式接受您的 竞价。

CHINESE

• 如果您以前从未参与过我们的拍卖,请将一个与您有过生意往来的钱币 公司作为介绍人告知我们。 • 我们承诺所有拍品为真品,即使过了法律追诉期。

您想通过电话竞拍吗? 您当然也可以参加电话竞价。我们会在拍卖进行时致电给您,并协助您拍得 拍品。我们请您注意以下几点: • 电话竞价只针对估价为500欧元以上的拍品。 • 请在至少拍卖48小时前告知我们您要电话竞价的拍品。 • 请您注意,在您的拍品进行竞拍时,我们能够与您联系上。拍卖目录中 所附的时间表能帮助您推测您的拍品竞拍时间。 • 如果我们不能与您联系上,我们会以您的名义出价到您书面竞价的最高 价,最低不低于我们的起拍价。

Michael Otto Deutsch, English

• L请您注意,电话竞价是一种不保险的参拍方式。我们并不能保证电话线 路的畅通无阻。如果您想确保参拍,请亲临现场或书面竞价。

• 在拍卖结束后我们将立即开始寄出拍品,通常需要8个工作日。

Phone: +49 (0)541 96 20 20 Fax: +49 (0)541 96 20 222 E-Mail: service@kuenker.de Website: www.kuenker.com

• 所有参加书面竞价的顾客,将在拍卖结束的2周内免费收到我们的拍品成 交价目单。

Monday –Thursday 8.30 AM – 5 PM Friday 8 AM – 3.30 PM

拍卖售后服务

• 所有拍品成交价目单最晚在拍卖结束一天后登载在我们的主页上。

您想送拍您所收藏的钱币到我们的拍卖会? 如果您想出售您的钱币,请联系我们坤客拍卖公司。自1985年我们就通过一 年四拍和大约每年15本拍卖目录来证明了我们的专业技能和可信度。请过目 以下的重要信息: • 您的钱币将由我们的专家通过最新币识标准来鉴定并刊登到高品质的彩 色目录上。 • 我们拥有全球超过10000个顾客,平均在每场拍卖会上有95%的拍品成 交,并多次创造了新的成交记录。对于没有成交的拍品我们不收取任何 费用。 • 从我们收到您的钱币开始,拍品会以双倍起拍价保险,我们的客户服务 很愿意为您解说您的钱币如何能安全的递交于我们。 • 我们在收到您的钱币后会立即给您开具书面收据,最晚至拍卖开始前5星 期您会收到所送拍品明细清单及其目录号和起拍价。 • 拍卖结束后您会收到成交价目录单并从中确认您的送交拍品成交价。45 天后您会收到您的拍品拍卖所得款项。

TEL +49 (0)541 96 20 20, FAX +49 (0)541 96 20 222, SERVICE@KUENKER.DE, WWW.KUENKER.DE

11


INHALT AUKTION 253 Nr. ORDEN UND EHRENZEICHEN

1

-

1628

23

-

483

BÜCHER

1

-

83

23

-

28

84 84

-

31

-

87 100 107 114 118 123

-

31 37 39 41 42

-

126

-

129

-

557 85 86 99 106 113 117 122 124 125 127 128 149

46

-

166 31 31 37 39 41 42 43 44 44 45 45 50

150 295 297 348 350

-

55

-

107

-

119

-

369

-

125

-

372

-

294 296 347 349 366 367 368 370 371 379

126

-

105 106 118 119 124 125 125 126 126 128

Heiliges Römisches Reich Deutscher Nation (bis 1806)

380

-

382

128

-

129

Deutsches (Kaiser-) Reich (1871-1918)

383

-

411

130

-

136

Weimarer Republik (1919-1933)

412

-

490

136

-

145

Drittes Reich (1933-1945)

491

-

510

146

-

150

DEUTSCHE STAATEN Anhalt Augsburg Baden Bayern Braunschweig Hannover Hessen Hohenzollern Limburg Lippe Schaumburg-Lippe Mecklenburg Sammlung Herzogtum und Großherzogtum Oldenburg von Friedhelm Beyreiß (Ó) Oldenburg - aus sonstigem Besitz Preußen Reuß Sachsen, sächsische Herzogtümer Schleswig-Holstein Schwarzburg Waldeck und Pyrmont Westphalen Württemberg

Deutsche Demokratische Republik (1949-1990) Bundesrepublik Deutschland

511 512

-

Deutschland Freimaurer, Schlaraffen usw.

12

Seite

519

150 151

-

520

154 154

Deutschland - Ordensschnallen

521

-

540

154

-

162

Deutschland - Miniaturenschnallen und -kettchen

541

-

543

162

-

163

Deutschland - Allgemeine Konvolute

544

-

548

163

-

164

Deutschland - Kopien und Sammleranfertigungen (Copies)

549

-

557

164

-

166


Nr. MINIATUREN EUROPA UND ÜBERSEE

558

-

Miniaturen - International

Seite 567

166

558

166

Miniaturenschnallen und - kettchen International

559

-

561

Konvolute - International

562

-

567

EUROPA

568

-

1511

170

-

443

568 584 600 608 640 674 712

-

583 599 607 639 673 711 721

170 175 180 183 191 201 211

-

175 179 182 190 201 211 213

722 761 764 772 907

-

214

-

224 228 268

-

910 920 944 947 949 967 993 1066 1075 1102 1121 1313 1397 1399 1405 1407 1454 1459 1467

-

270 272

-

281 285 294 315 319 327 332 386

-

-

760 763 771 906 908 909 919 943 946 948 966 992 1065 1074 1101 1120 1312 1396 1398 1404 1406 1453 1458 1466 1511

408 421 424 428

-

223 223 226 268 269 269 272 278 279 280 284 293 314 318 326 330 385 406 406 407 408 420 423 427 443

1512 1512 1523 1526 1538

-

446 446

-

453

-

1543

-

Albanien Belgien Bulgarien Dänemark Finnland Frankreich Griechenland Vereinigtes Königreich von Großbritannien und Nordirland Internationale und Gesellschafts - Orden Island Italien Kroatien Lettland Luxemburg Souveräner Malteser Ritterorden Monaco Montenegro Niederlande Norwegen Österreich Polen Portugal Rumänien Rußland Schweden Schweiz Serbien und Jugoslawien Slowakei Spanien Tschechien Ungarn Kirchenstaat, Heiliger Stuhl und Vatikan ÜBERSEE Ägypten Äthiopien Argentinien Brasilien Brunei Darussalam Chile

1628 1522 1525 1537 1541 1542 1544

166

-

167 167

483 450 450 451 454 454 455 13


Nr. China Dominikanische Republik Elfenbeinküste Gabun Japan Hedjaz und Jordanien Kamerun Kongo Korea Kuba Libanon Libyen Madagaskar Marokko Mexiko Panama Persien/Iran Peru Philippinen Saudi Arabien Senegal Sudan Syrien Siam/Thailand Tschad Türkei Tunesien Uruguay Venezuela Vereinigte Arabische Emirate Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika (U. S. A.) Annam-Vietnam Zentralafrika

1545

-

1559 1563

-

1568

-

1574 1576

-

1580

-

1585 1593

-

1601

-

1609 1618 1621 1623

-

Seite 1555 1556 1557 1558 1562 1565 1566 1567 1572 1573 1575 1577 1578 1579 1583 1584 1592 1595 1596 1597 1598 1599 1600 1607 1608 1617 1620 1622 1624 1625 1626 1627 1628

456

-

464

-

467 469

-

472

-

475 478

-

458 459 459 460 460 461 462 462 463 464 464 465 465 465 466 467 469 470 470 470 470 471 471 473 474 478 481 481 482 483 483 483 483

Anhang Erhaltungsangaben

14

17

Literaturverzeichnis Orden

484

Leitfaden zur erfolgreichen schriftlichen Auktionsteilnahme/ Важная информация об участии на аукционе

496

Versteigerungsbedingungen/Terms and Conditions of Auction

500

Numismatische Ausdrücke/Numismatic Terms

502

Impressum/Bankverbindungen

504


Öffentlicher Bildvortrag von Michael Autengruber anlässlich unserer 10. phaleristischen Auktion

Aspekte oldenburgischer Geschichte vor dem Hintergrund von Auszeichnungen des Großherzogtums Anhand der Betrachtung von oldenburgischen Orden und Ehrenzeichen werden besondere und interessante Aspekte aus der Geschichte des Großherzogtums und seiner internationalen Verflechtungen dargestellt. Dabei sollen nicht nur der Adel, Militärangehörige und Beamte berücksichtigt werden, sondern auch auf die Situation des „normalen“ Bürgers im 19. und beginnenden 20. Jahrhundert bis in den Ersten Weltkrieg hinein eingegangen werden. Weiter wird auch ein wenig der Frage nachgegangen, warum sich das Sammeln oldenburgischer Auszeichnungen einer so großen Beliebtheit erfreut.

Freitag, 3. Oktober 2014 um 19:00 Uhr Steigenberger Hotel Remarque in Osnabrück

15


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16


Erhaltungs- und Seltenheitsgrade Orden und Ehrenzeichen, Medaillen und Miniaturen, Urkunden, Dokumente und sonstige historische Sammlungsgegenstände sind Objekte, die zum Tragen bzw. zum täglichen Gebrauch bestimmt sind und somit einer naturgemäĂ&#x;en Abnutzung unterliegen. Besonders bei frĂźhen Exemplaren berĂźcksichtigt die Erhaltungseinstufung das Alter. Mängel oder Beschädigungen, die Ăźber das Ăźbliche MaĂ&#x; hinausgehen, werden in der Beschreibung ausdrĂźcklich erwähnt. Wir weisen in diesem Zusammenhang ausdrĂźcklich darauf hin, daĂ&#x; der Kunde die MĂśglichkeit zur Vorbesichtigung vor der Versteigerung hat. Erhaltungsangaben als Ergebnis subjektiver Betrachtung sind kein Bestandteil der Beschreibung. Der jeweilige Erhaltungszustand ist nach der Beschreibung wie folgt angegeben: I II III IV

= Prachtexemplar, neuwertig oder neu; = vorzĂźglich erhalten, mit kleinen Gebrauchsspuren; = gut erhalten, mit Gebrauchsspuren; = mit sehr deutlichen Gebrauchsspuren.

Auch Seltenheitsgrade als Ergebnis subjektiver langjähriger Marktbeobachtung sind kein Bestandteil der Beschreibung. Der jeweilige Seltenheitsgrad ist nach der Beschreibung wie folgt angegeben: R = selten; RR = sehr selten; RRR = von allergrĂśĂ&#x;ter Seltenheit; RRRR = extrem selten. &KG #DDKNFWPIGP UKPF UQHGTP PKEJV CPFGTU CPIGIGDGP CWH Â… )TĂŒ­G XGTMNGKPGTV &CU .KVGTCVWTXGT\GKEJPKU DGHKPFGV UKEJ CO 'PFG FGU -CVCNQIGU Indication of Condition and Rarity Orders and decorations, medals and miniatures, documents and other historical collectibles are objects originally intended for wearing resp. use and therefore they are subject to a certain wear and tear. Especially for early pieces the grade of condition is considering its age. Important defects or damages are mentioned in the description. The client herewith is informed that he has the possibility before the auction for a personal view and control of the objects he might be interested in. The degrees of condition as a result of subjective consideration are not part of the description. The relative condition is indicated after the description as follows: I II III IV

= extremely fine condition; = good very fine condition; = in fine condition; = in bad condition.

Also the indication of rarity as a result of a subjective observation of the market is not part of the description. The relative rarity is indicated after the description as follows: R RR RRR RRRR

= rare; = very rare; = of highest rarity; = extremely rare. +H PQV QVJGTYKUG UVCVGF KOCIGU CTG TGFWEGF VQ Â… QH VJG QTKIKPCN UK\G 6JG DKDNKQITCRJ[ KU VQ DG HQWPF CV VJG GPF QH VJG ECVCNQIWG

17


$GITKHHUCDITGP\WPI XQP /KEJCGN #WVGPITWDGT WPVGT /KVCTDGKV XQP -NCWU * (GFGT #PFGTU CNU KP FGT 0WOKUOCVKM KUV KP FGT 2JCNGTKUVKM FCU 5RCPPWPIUHGNF \YKUEJGP 1TKIKPCN WPF -QRKG CNNWOHCUUGPF #WHITWPF FGU WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP )GDTCWEJU XQP 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP KO )GIGPUCV\ \W /ÒP\GP JCV UKEJ OKV FGT <GKV GKPG 8KGN\CJN XQP -CVGIQTKUKGTWPIGP JGTCWUIGDKNFGV &KG ªDGTI·PIG KO $GTGKEJ FGT PKEJV QTKIKPCNGP #PHGTVKIWPIGP UKPF HNKG­GPF WPF OCPEJOCN PKEJV NGKEJV XQP GKPCPFGT CD\WITGP\GP &GPPQEJ YKTF KO (QNIGPFGP GKPG UQNEJG $GITKHHUCDITGP\WPI XGTUWEJV WO DGK WPUGTGP -CVCNQIDGUEJTGKDWPIGP XQP 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP PQEJ RT·\KUGT UGKP \W MÌPPGP 5Q UQNN FGO .GUGT FKGUGU -CVCNQIGU GKPG DGUUGTG 'KPQTFPWPI FGT DGUEJTKGDGPGP 1DLGMVG GTOÌINKEJV YGTFGP

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18


)TWRRG #NU -QRKG 4GRNKM 4GRTQFWMVKQP 0CEJDKNFWPI 5COONGT /WUGWOUCPHGTVKIWPI QFGT $GNGI 'ZGORNCT YKTF GKP 1DLGMV DG\GKEJPGV FCU KP )¡P\G FGWVNKEJ PCEJ FGT 8GTNGKJWPIU\GKV QJPG LGINKEJG 6¡WUEJWPIUCDUKEJV JGTIGUVGNNV WPF KP 7ONCWH IGDTCEJV YQTFGP KUV WPF FCU CWHITWPF XQP IGUVCNVGTKUEJGP WPF OCVGTKGNNGP 7PVGTUEJKGFGP PKEJV XQTV¡WUEJV GKP 1TKIKPCN \W UGKP *KGTWPVGT HCNNGP \ $ UQYQJN FKG )ĂŒFG 'ZGORNCTG CNU CWEJ FKG 4QVJG #PHGTVKIWPIGP PCEJ YQDGK DGK NGV\VGTGP FGT ÂŞDGTICPI \W 0CEJHGTVKIWPIGP YCU KP FGP GT WPF GT ,CJTGP CPIGHGTVKIVG 'ZGORNCTG DGVTKHHV HNKG­GPF KUV #NU )TWHVQTFGP YGTFGP UQNEJG 1DLGMVG DG\GKEJPGV FKG KP UGJT GKPHCEJGT )GUVCNVWPI WPF (GTVKIWPI 1TKIKPCNG PCEJCJOGP LGFQEJ OKV FGWVNKEJGP IGUVCNVGTKUEJGP WPF OCVGTKGNNGP 7PVGTUEJKGFGP WPF FKG YQJN HĂ’T -QUVĂ’OKGTWPIU\YGEMG JGTIGUVGNNV YQTFGP UKPF 'KPG VCVU¡EJNKEJG 8GTYGPFWPI UQNEJGT 1DLGMVG KO <WUCOOGPJCPI OKV 6TCWGTHGKGTNKEJMGKVGP MQPPVG DKUJGT PKEJV PCEJIGYKGUGP YGTFGP

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Rechtlicher Hinweis zu Objekten des Deutschen Reiches von 1933 bis 1945 (sogen.: „Drittes Reich“): Solange sich Kunde und Verkäufer nicht gegenteilig äuĂ&#x;ern, versichern sie, daĂ&#x; sie Gegenstände und BĂźcher aus der Zeit des Deutschen Reiches von 1933 bis 1945 nur zu Zwecken der staatsbĂźrgerlichen Aufklärung, der Abwehr verfassungswidriger Bestrebungen, der Kunst oder der Wissenschaft, der Forschung oder der Lehre, der Berichterstattung Ăźber Vorgänge des Zeitgeschehens oder der Geschichte oder zu ähnlichen Zwecken erwerben. Diese Gegenstände und BĂźcher werden grundsätzlich nur unter diesen Voraussetzungen angeboten und abgegeben. Somit stellt der Erwerb von Gegenständen und BĂźchern aus dieser Zeit unter den oben aufgefĂźhrten Voraussetzungen gemäĂ&#x; der §§ 86a Abs. 3 bzw. 86 Abs. 3 StGB keinen Straftatbestand im Sinne des § 86a Abs. 1 StGB dar. Unter diesen Umständen ist es also grundsätzlich erlaubt, Orden und Ehrenzeichen, die in § 6 Abs. 1 Gesetz Ăźber Titel, Orden und Ehrenzeichen nicht aufgefĂźhrt sind, sowie Abzeichen mit nationalsozialistischen Emblemen zu verkaufen und zu erwerben, und dies entgegen den Bestimmungen des § 6 Abs. 2 Gesetz Ăźber Titel, Orden und Ehrenzeichen. Deshalb hat der Bundesminister der Justiz mit Schreiben 4021-2-2 II-23 584/81 vom 18.10.1981 dem seinerzeitigen Vorsitzenden des Bundes deutscher Ordenssammler e. V. ausdrĂźcklich erklärt, daĂ&#x; der Erwerb von Orden und Ehrenzeichen aus der Zeit des sogenannten „Dritten Reiches“ durch ernsthafte und organisierte Sammler mit dem Ziel, diesen Gegenstand in eine Sammlung einzufĂźgen, keinen Straftatbestand im Sinne des Gesetzes darstellt. Rechtlicher Hinweis zu Objekten der Bundesrepublik Deutschland und der Bundesländer: Orden und Ehrenzeichen der Bundesrepublik Deutschland und ihrer Bundesländer, ebenso wie deren Miniaturen, Bandstege, Knopflochschleifen und Bandschnallen, dĂźrfen gemäĂ&#x; § 14 Abs. 3 Gesetz Ăźber Titel, Orden und Ehrenzeichen nur an Berechtigte abgegeben werden. Als Berechtigte gelten hierbei neben den Beliehenen auch alle diejenigen Personen, die im Besitz einer Sammelgenehmigung sind. Diese Sammelgenehmigung erteilt auf Anfrage die jeweils zuständige BehĂśrde. (Die Zuständigkeit ist in den einzelnen Bundesländern unterschiedlich geregelt.) Die Erteilung einer solchen Genehmigung kann gemäĂ&#x; des Kommentars zum Gesetz von der zuständigen BehĂśrde nur bei Vorliegen schwerwiegender GrĂźnde verweigert werden. Mit einem Gebot auf Orden und Ehrenzeichen der Bundesrepublik und ihrer Bundesländer versichert der Bieter, im ordnungsgemäĂ&#x;en Besitz einer solchen Sammelgenehmigung zu sein. Rechtlicher Hinweis zu Objekten der Republik Finnland: Zur Staats-Symbolik der Republik Finnland gehĂśrt neben dem LĂśwen im finnischen Staatswappen auch ein als „Freiheitskreuz“ bezeichnetes Hakenkreuz. Dieses Freiheitskreuz wurde bereits während des Ersten Weltkriegs zum Symbol der finnischen Freiheitsbewegung gegen die zaristisch-russische Herrschaft und hat somit nichts gemein mit dem erst später entstandenen Symbol des Nationalsozialismus. Bis heute ist es auf dem hĂśchsten finnischen Orden, dem Orden des Freiheitskreuzes zu sehen, und dient z. B. auch als Symbol fĂźr den finnischen Staatspräsidenten bzw. die Staatspräsidentin in dessen bzw. deren Standarte. Somit kann ausdrĂźcklich festgestellt werden, daĂ&#x; dieses Freiheitskreuz als nicht dem Nationalsozialismus zugehĂśriges Symbol nicht unter die Bestimmungen der §§ 86a Abs. 3 bzw. 86 Abs. 3 StGB fällt. 19


Wichtiger Hinweis fĂźr unsere neuen Kunden: 5KG UKPF PGWGT -WPFG FGU *CWUGU -Ă’PMGT WPF OĂŒEJVGP CP WPUGTGT 1TFGPUCWMVKQP VGKNPGJOGP! *GT\NKEJ YKNNMQOOGP &C YKT CWEJ WPUGTG PGWGP -WPFGP QRVKOCN DGVTGWGP OĂŒEJVGP bitten wir Sie, Ihre Gebote bis spätestens zum 30. September zu senden )GDQVG XQP 0GWMWPFGP FKG UR¡VGT GKPIGJGP MĂŒPPGP WPVGT 7OUV¡PFGP PKEJV OGJT DGCTDGKVGV YGTFGP 2NCPGP 5KG FKG VGNGHQPKUEJG QFGT RGTUĂŒPNKEJG 6GKNPCJOG CP WPUGTGT 1TFGPUCWMVKQP! &CPP OGNFGP 5KG UKEJ DKVVG DKU \WO 5GRVGODGT KP WPUGTGT -WPFGPDGVTGWWPI Gerne buchen wir auch ein Hotelzimmer fĂźr Sie wenn Sie an der Auktion persĂśnlich teilnehmen mĂśchten Bitte melden Sie sich dafĂźr so bald wie mĂśglich, da wir fĂźr das Wochenende vom 3.-5. Oktober 2014 nur ein begrenztes Zimmer Kontingent zu VerfĂźgung haben! Tel: 0049-541-962020 oder eMail: service@kuenker.de Wir wĂźrden uns freuen, Sie bald in OsnabrĂźck begrĂźĂ&#x;en zu dĂźrfen

Important for new Kßnker-Customers: (KTUV QH CNN 9GNEQOG VQ -ÒPMGT #WEVKQPU +H [QW CTG C PGY EWUVQOGT CPF YQWNF NKMG VQ VCMG RCTV KP QWT WREQOKPI CWEVKQP UCNG QH QTFGTU CPF FGEQTCVKQPU RNGCUG PQVG VJG HQNNQYKPI KP QTFGT VQ CUUWTG VJCV YG CTG CDNG VQ CFXKUG [QW CPF VCMG ECTG QH [QWT DKFU KP VJG DGUV YCU RQUUKDNG, we kindly ask you to send us your bids until the 30th of September 2014 6JKU YKNN CUUWTG VJCV [QWT DKFU YKNN TGCEJ WU KP VKOG +H [QW RNCP VQ VCMG RCTV KP VJG CWEVKQP CU C VGNGRJQPG DKFFGT YG CUM [QW VQ EQPVCEV QWT %WUVQOGT 5GTXKEG DGHQTG VJG VJ QH 5GRVGODGT Our Customer Service can also assist you with any Hotel bookings you might need if you plan to attend the auction in person. Please contact us as soon as possible because we only have a limited number of rooms available for the weekend October 3rd – 5th. Tel.: 0049-541-962020 or eMail: service@kuenker.de We would be delighted to greet you in Osnabrßck one day!

Đ’аМнОо СаПочанио Đ´ĐťŃ? наŃˆиŃ… нОвŃ‹Ń… кНионŃ‚Ов: Đ’Ń‹ нОвŃ‹Đš кНионŃ‚ Đ°ŃƒĐşŃ†иОннОгО дОПа Кюнкор и хОтиŃ‚Đľ принŃ?Ń‚ŃŒ ŃƒŃ‡Đ°Ń Ń‚ио в наŃˆоП Đ°ŃƒĐşŃ†иОно пО ĐžŃ€донаП? Đ”ОйрО пОМаНОваŃ‚ŃŒ! Так как наП Ń‚Ń€ойŃƒĐľŃ‚Ń Ń? вŃ€оПŃ? Đ´ĐťŃ? прОвоŃ€ки и ОйŃ€айОŃ‚ки Đ’Đ°ŃˆиŃ… даннŃ‹Ń…, ŃƒйодиŃ‚оНŃŒнО ĐżŃ€ĐžŃ Đ¸Đź Đ’Đ°Ń ĐżŃ€Đ¸Ń Ń‹НаŃ‚ŃŒ Đ’Đ°Ńˆи Ń Ń‚авки Ń Đ°ĐźĐžĐľ пОСдноо Đ´Đž 30 Ń ĐľĐ˝Ń‚Ń?йрŃ?. Đ&#x;Ń€инŃ?Ń‚ио Ń Ń‚авОк, ĐżŃ€Đ¸Ń ĐťĐ°Đ˝Đ˝Ń‹Ń… ĐżĐžŃ ĐťĐľ 30 Ń ĐľĐ˝Ń‚Ń?йрŃ?, но гарантиŃ€ŃƒĐľŃ‚Ń Ń?. Đ’Ń‹ хОтиŃ‚Đľ принŃ?Ń‚ŃŒ ŃƒŃ‡Đ°Ń Ń‚ио в тОргаŃ… на Ордона пО Ń‚оНоŃ„ОнŃƒ? ТОгда Ń Đ˛Ń?МиŃ‚ĐľŃ ŃŒ Ń Đ˝Đ°ŃˆиП ĐžŃ‚доНОП пО Ń€айОŃ‚Đľ Ń ĐşĐťĐ¸ĐľĐ˝Ń‚аПи Đ´Đž 30 Ń ĐľĐ˝Ń‚Ń?йрŃ?. Đ’ Ń ĐťŃƒŃ‡Đ°Đľ НичнОг ŃƒŃ‡Đ°Ń Ń‚ио на Đ°ŃƒĐşŃ†иОно, Пы гОŃ‚ОвŃ‹ СакаСаŃ‚ŃŒ Đ´ĐťŃ? Đ’Đ°Ń Đ˝ĐžĐźĐľŃ€ в ĐłĐžŃ Ń‚иницо, гдо прОКдоŃ‚ Đ°ŃƒĐşŃ†иОн. Đ&#x;Ń€ĐžŃ Đ¸Đź Đ’Đ°Ń ĐąŃ€ОниŃ€ОваŃ‚ŃŒ нОПоŃ€ в ĐłĐžŃ Ń‚иницо на 3 – 5 ОкŃ‚Ń?йрŃ? 2014 СаŃ€аноо! ĐšОНиŃ‡ĐľŃ Ń‚вО Ń Đ˛ĐžĐąĐžĐ´Đ˝Ń‹Ń… нОПоŃ€Ов на Ń?Ń‚и Đ´Đ°Ń‚Ń‹ ОгŃ€аничонО! ТоНоŃ„Он : 0049 541 962020 иНи Ń?Đť.пОчта: service@kuenker.de

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$ª%*'4 2*#.'4+56+5%*' (#%*.+6'4#674 #..)'/'+0

#IGPFC $GTGVVC $TGUEKC +P KVCNKGPKUEJGT WPF GPINKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP OKV ÒDGT HCTDKIGP #DDKNFWPIGP MCTVQPKGTV 44 ++ &KG #IGPFC \GKIV ÒDGT UGNVGPG 1TFGPUFGMQTCVKQPGP FGT 5COONWPI &T #PVQPKQ 5RCFC $TGUEKC

#IGPFC $GTGVVC $TGUEKC +P KVCNKGPKUEJGT WPF GPINKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP OKV ÒDGT HCTDKIGP #DDKNFWPIGP MCTVQPKGTV 44 ++ &KG #IGPFC \GKIV ÒDGT UGNVGPG 1TFGPUFGMQTCVKQPGP FGT 5COONWPI &T #PVQPKQ 5RCFC $TGUEKC

#IGPFC $GTGVVC $TGUEKC +P KVCNKGPKUEJGT WPF GPINKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP OKV ÒDGT HCTDKIGP #DDKNFWPIGP MCTVQPKGTV 44 ++ &KG #IGPFC \GKIV ÒDGT UGNVGPG 1TFGPUFGMQTCVKQPGP FGT 5COONWPI &T #PVQPKQ 5RCFC $TGUEKC

#IGPFC $GTGVVC $TGUEKC +P KVCNKGPKUEJGT WPF GPINKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP OKV ÒDGT HCTDKIGP #DDKNFWPIGP MCTVQPKGTV 44 ++ &KG #IGPFC \GKIV ÒDGT UGNVGPG 1TFGPUFGMQTCVKQPGP FGT 5COONWPI &T #PVQPKQ 5RCFC $TGUEKC

#IGPFC $GTGVVC $TGUEKC +P KVCNKGPKUEJGT WPF GPINKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP OKV ÒDGT HCTDKIGP #DDKNFWPIGP MCTVQPKGTV 44 ++ &KG #IGPFC \GKIV ÒDGT UGNVGPG 1TFGPUFGMQTCVKQPGP FGT 5COONWPI &T #PVQPKQ 5RCFC $TGUEKC

%JGHFGDKGP #PPG FG 8QTUKV\GPFG *GTCWUIGDGTKP *QPPGWT GV )NQKTG .GU VT¾UQTU FG NC EQNNGEVKQP 5RCFC 2CTKU +P HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT 5RTCEJG (QTOCV Z EO 5GKVGP OKV EC (CTDRJQVQU XQP OGJT CNU 1TFGPUKPUKIPKGP MCTVQPKGTV 4 ++ 2T·EJVKIGT (CTDMCVCNQI \WT INGKEJPCOKIGP KPVGTPCVKQPCN XKGN DGCEJVGVGP #WUUVGNNWPI WPVGT FGO 2CVTQPCV FGU HTCP\ÌUK UEJGP 5VCCVURT·UKFGPVGP 0KEQNCU 5CTMQ\[ IG\GKIV XQO 0QXGODGT DKU \WO /CK KO /WU¾G 0CVKQ PCN FG NC .¾IKQP Fʼn*QPPGWT GV FGU 1TFTGU FG %JGXCNGTKG KP 2CTKU )G\GKIV WPF GTN·WVGTV YGTFGP JKGT \CJNTGKEJG 5RKV\GPUVÒEMG FGT YQJN DGFGWVGPFUVGP RTKXCVGP 5COONWPI FGT 9GNV CWU XKGNGP GWTQR·KUEJGP YKG CWEJ CW­GTGWTQR·K UEJGP .·PFGTP 8KGNG FGT -NGKPQFKGP YGTFGP CWH ICP\UGKVKIGP $KNFGTP KO ÒDGTITQ­GP (QTOCV IG\GKIV WO FGO $GVTCEJVGT \W GTOÌINKEJGP CNNG (GKPJGKVGP FGT JCPFYGTMNKEJGP 8GTCTDGKVWPI KP KJTGT ICP\GP $CPFDTGKVG \W UVWFKG TGP 9GT XQP 1TFGP PQEJ PKEJV DGIGKUVGTV KUV ņ FWTEJ FKGUGU 9GTM YKTF GT GU

%JGHFGDKGP #PPG FG WPF 9QFG[ .CWTGPEG *I ETKPU +OR¾TKCWZ 5RNGPFGWTU &KRNQOCVKSWGU FW 5GEQPF 'ORKTG 2CTKU +P HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT 5RTCEJG (QTOCV Z OO 5GKVGP FWTEJIG JGPF TGKEJ KP (CTDG DGDKNFGTV MCTVQPKGTV 4 ++ 'KP HCTDGPRT·EJVKIGT WPF ·W­GTUV FGVCKNNKGTV GTCTDGKVGVGT -CVCNQI ÒDGT FKG DGFGWVGPFG #WUUVGNNWPI FGT CP FGP HTCP\Ì UKUEJGP -CKUGT 0CRQNGQP +++ CP UGKPG (TCW -CKUGTKP 'WI¾PKG WPF CP FGTGP IGOGKPUCOGP 5QJP FGP MCKUGTNKEJGP 2TKP\GP 0CRQNGQP 'WI½PG .QWKU XGTNKGJGPGP HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP WPF CWUN·PFKUEJGP 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP KO 0CVKQPCNGP /WUGWO FGT 'JTGPNGIKQP WPF FGT 4KVVGTQTFGP KP 2CTKU &QMWOGPVKGTV FWTEJ \CJNTGKEJG #DDKNFWPIGP YGTFGP FKG XKGNGP 1TFGP FCTIGUVGNNV WPF KJTG LGYGKNKIG 8GTNGKJWPI KP FGP <WUCOOGPJCPI FGT FKRNQOCVKUEJGP $G\KGJWPIGP \WO LGYGKNU XGTIGDGPFGP .CPF IGUVGNNV 0CRQNGQP +++ WPF UGKP 5QJP GTJKGNVGP \WUCOOGP XQP PCJG\W LGFGO .CPF FCU ÒDGT 1TFGP XGTHÒIVG XQP YGPKIGP #WUPCJOGP CDIGUGJGP OGKUV FKG LGYGKNU JÌEJUVG #WU\GKEJPWPI WPF XKGNG FCXQP KP DGUQPFGTGT #WUHÒJTWPI

&CIWKP # WPF $CTFKGU %J 1TFTGU FG %JGXCNGTKG CWVQTKU¾U GP (TCPEG 0QVKEG UWT EGU QTFTGU .¾IKUNCVKQP NGU EQPEGTPCPV 2CTKU +P HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP WPF (CTDVCHGNP $WEJ DNQEM IGDTQEJGP MCTVQPKGTV 'KPDCPF UEJCFJCHV +8 &COKGP #PFT¾ . CTV GV NC OCPK½TG FG RQTVGT NGU F¾EQTCVKQPU 8GTUCKNNGU +P HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP OKV \CJNTGKEJGP (CTDKNNWUVTCVKQPGP MCTVQPKGTV ++ 'KP $WEJ ÒDGT FKG )GUEJKEJVG FGT 6TCIGYGKUG XQP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP DKU KP FKG )GIGPYCTV OKV \CJNTGKEJGP $GKURKGNU CDDKNFWPIGP

2CVVGTUQP 5VGRJGP &¾EQTCVKQPU GV 1TFTGU FG %JGXCNGTKG FG NC %QNNGEVKQP TQ[CNG DTKVCPPKSWG 2CTKU +P HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP OKV #DDKNFWPIGP FCXQP KP (CTDG TGEJVG 'EMG FGU 8QTUCV\DNCVVGU DGUEJPKVVGP MCTVQPKGTV ++ &KG $TKVKUJ 4Q[CN %QNNGEVKQP WOHC­V GKPG FGT DGFGWVGPFUVGP 5COONWPIGP XQP 1TFGP WPF +PUKIPKGP FGT ICP\GP 9GNV 5KG GPVJ·NV PKEJV PWT DTKVKUEJG UQPFGTP CWEJ GKPG ITQ­G <CJN CWUN·PFKUEJGT 1TFGP FKG /KVINKGFGTP FGT -ÌPKINKEJGP (COKNKG XGTNKGJGP YWTFGP +P FKGUGO $WEJ YGTFGP ÒDGT XGTUEJKGFGPG 1TFGP CWU ÒDGT XGTUEJKGFGPGP .·PFGTP XQTIGUVGNNV 5KG UVCOOGP CWU FGT 4Q[CN %QNNGEVKQP CWU FGT RGTUÌPNKEJGP 5COONWPI -ÌPKIKP 'NKUCDGVJ ++ WPF CWU FGT 5COONWPI FGT XGTUVQTDGPGP 2TKP\GUUKP #NKEG *GT\QIKP XQP )NQWEGUVGT &GT ITQ­HQTOCVKIG $CPF DGUVKEJV XQT CNNGO FWTEJ FKG PKEJV \W ÒDGTVTGHHGPFG 3WCNKV·V FGT (CTDRJQVQU 8KGNG 5VÒEMG UKPF DKUJGT PQEJ PKG \WXQT CDIGDKNFGV YQT FGP

5QW[TKU 4QNNCPF #PFT¾ )WKFG FGU 1TFTGU &¾EQTCVKQPU GV /¾FCKNNGU /KNKVCKTGU (TCP¼CKUGU GV VTCPI½TGU 2CTKU +P HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP OKV \CJNTGKEJGP (CTD WPF 5EJYCT\YGK­ #DDKNFWPIGP WPF HCTDKIGT $·PFGTVCHGN IGDWPFGP ++ #WUHÒJTNKEJGT (ÒJTGT FGT HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP WPF CP (TCP\QUGP XGTNKGJGPGP CWUN·PFKUEJGP OKNKV·TKUEJGP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP FCTWPVGT \CJNTGKEJG -QNQPKCN WPF 2TQVGMVQTCVU #WU\GKEJPWPIGP

23


BÜCHER

5QW[TKU 4QNNCPF #PFT¾ )WKFG FGU 1TFTGU %KXKN (TCP¼CKU GV VTCPIGTU FGU /¾FCKNNGU F *QPPGWT GV FGU /¾FCKNNGU FGU 5QEK¾V¾U 2CTKU +P HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP OKV \CJNTGKEJGP (CTD WPF 5EJYCT\YGK­ #DDKNFWPIGP WPF HCTDKIGT $·PFGTVCHGN MCTVQPKGTV ++ #WUHÒJTNKEJGT (ÒJTGT FGT HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP WPF CP (TCP\QUGP XGTNKGJGPGP \KXKNGP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP FCTWPVGT \CJNTGKEJG -QNQPKCN WPF 2TQVGMVQTCVU #WU\GKEJPWPIGP UQYKG #WU\GKEJPWPIGP FGU 4QVGP -TGW\GU

5QW[TKU 4QNNCPF #PFT¾ WPF .G /CTGE )¾TCTF )WKFG FGU 1TFTGU GV &¾EQTCVKQPU FG NC 4¾UKUVCPEG GV FG NC .KD¾TCVKQP 2CTKU +P HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP FWTEJYGI HCTDKI WPF UEJYCT\ YGK­ KNNWUVTKGTV IGDWPFGP ++ 'PVJ·NV CNNG -TKGIUCWU\GKEJPWPIGP FGT #NNKKGTVGP FGU <YGKVGP 9GNVMTKGIGU WPF FGTGP 8GTDÒPFGVGT

8GTPQP 5[FPG[ $ 8GTPQP U %QNNGEVQTU )WKFG VQ 1TFGTU /GFCNU &GEQTCVKQPU 9KVJ 8CNWC VKQPU $CNFYKP +P GPINKUEJGT 5RTCEJG XQP 5GKVGP GKPUEJNKG­NKEJ \CJNTGKEJGT 5EJYCT\ YGK­ 6CHGNP GKP 6GKN HGJNV =PQV EQORNGVG? MCTVQPKGTV 4 8 &GT 6GKN XQP #NDCPKC DKU +TGNCPF KUV XQTJCPFGP FGT 4GUV +VCN[ ;QWIQUNCXKC HGJNV

9GTNKEJ 4QDGTV 1TFGTU CPF &GEQTCVKQPU QH CNN 0CVKQPU #PEKGPV CPF /QFGTP %KXKN CPF /KNKVCT[ 9CUJKPIVQP #WHNCIG +P GPINKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP FWTEJIGJGPF KP 5EJYCT\YGK­ KNNWUVTKGTV XKGT (CTDVCHGNP TGEJVG 'EMG FGU 8QTUCV\DNCVVGU DGUEJPKVVGP $WEJDNQEM IGDTQEJGP IGDWPFGP +++ $KU JGWVG WPÒDGTVTQHHGPGU 5VCPFCTFYGTM FGT 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP FGT 9GNV

2*#.'4+56+5%*' (#%*.+6'4#674 &'765%*.#0&

1JO *KGTQP[OWUUGP 2GVGT .CPFGXCGTPU 6LGPGUVGJCGFGTUVGIP K FG 6[UMG (QTDWPFUUVCVGT .CPFYGJT &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPIGP FGT FGWVUEJGP $WPFGUUVCCVGP -QRGPJCIGP +P F·PKUEJGT WPF FGWVUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP KNNWUVTKGTV MCTVQPKGTV ++ 'KP $ÒEJNGKP ÒDGT FKG .CPFYGJT &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPIGP CNNGT FGWVUEJGP 5VCCVGP DKU \WO 'PFG FGT /QPCTEJKG

5EJTGKDGT )GQTI &KG $C[GTKUEJGP 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP /ÒPEJGP 5GKVGP (CTD WPF 5EJYCT\YGK­ 6CHGNP TGEJVG 'EMG FGU 8QTUCV\DNCVVGU DGUEJPKVVGP IGDWPFGP OKV 5EJWV\WOUEJNCI 4 ++ 'KP #DTK­ FGT KP $C[GTP UGKV FGP 6CIGP FGT -WTHÒTUVGP IGUVKHVGVGP 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP FGT CWH FKGUG 9GKUG FKG $GUV·PFG FGU $C[GTKUEJGP #TOGGOWUGWOU KP +PIQNUVCFV \GKIV

9CNFQTH #UVQTKC ) O D * 1TFGP 'KPG 5COONWPI FGT DGMCPPVGUVGP &GWVUEJGP 1TFGP WPF #WU \GKEJPWPIGP /ÒPEJGP QJPG ,CJT )TQ­HQTOCV 5GKVGP OKV (CTDCDDKNFWPIGP MCTVQPKGTV ++ 5EJQP CNU GKPGP -NCUUKMGT MCPP OCP FKGUGU <KICTGVVGPDKNFGT #NDWO CWU FGP &TGK­KIGT ,CJTGP DG\GKEJPGP IKDV GU FQEJ GKPGP ªDGTDNKEM ÒDGT GKPGP ITQ­GP 6GKN FGT \CJNTGKEJGP Y·JTGPF FGU 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIU KP &GWVUEJNCPF FGO &GWVUEJGP 4GKEJ WPF UGKPGT $WPFGUUVCCVGP DGUVGJGPFGP OKNKV·TKUEJGP WPF \KXKNGP 1TFGP 'JTGP\GKEJGP WPF #WU \GKEJPWPIGP

2*#.'4+56+5%*' (#%*.+6'4#674 '7412#

#FOKPKUVTCVKQP FGU /QPPCKGU GV /¾FCKNNGU &¾EQTCVKQPU QHHKEKGNNGU HTCP¼CKUGU 2CTKU +P HTCP\Ì UKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP GKPUEJNKG­NKEJ (CTD WPF 5EJYCT\YGK­ 6CHGNP TGEJVG 'EMG FGU 8QT UCV\DNCVVGU DGUEJPKVVGP IGDWPFGP <WUCOOGP OKV FGO UGNVGPGP #FFKVKH 2CTKU KP HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP GKPUEJNKG­NKEJ HÒPH (CTD WPF GKPGT 5EJYCT\YGK­ 6CHGN MCTVQPKGTV 4 ++ )TQ­CTVKI CWUIGUVCVVGVGU QHHK\KGNNGU 9GTM FGT HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP /ÒP\G ÒDGT FKG 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP FGT 8KGTVGP (TCP\ÌUKUEJGP 4GRWDNKM DKU \WO ,CJT GKPUEJNKG­NKEJ FGT OKPKUVGTKGNNGP WPF MQNQPKCNGP 1TFGP OKV #DDKNFWPIGP HCUV CNNGT -NCUUGP ITÌ­VGPVGKNU CWEJ FGT 4ÒEMUGKVGP

#PEJGN 4 CPF %CKNN¾ 2 ( *KUVQKTG FGU &¾EQTCVKQPU (TCP¼CKUGU %QPVGORQTCKPGU 2CTKU +P HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP KNNWUVTKGTV OKV OGJTGTGP (CTDVCHGNP MCTVQPKGTV FKG $KPFWPI OGJTHCEJ IGDTQEJGP 4 +8

#UUQEKCVKQP 0CVKQPCNG FGU /¾FCKNN¾U FG NC 4¾UKUVCPEG (TCP¼CKUG #PPWCKTG FGU /¾FCKNN¾U FG NC 4¾UKUVCPEG (TCP¼CKUG 2CTKU QJPG ,CJTGUCPICDG +P HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP IGDWPFGP 4 ++

$GNFGEQU )GQTIG ,QJP 6CIOCVC #TKUVCKCU -CK 5VTCVKQVKMC /GVCNNKC VGU *GNNCFQU *GNNGPKE 1TFGTU &GEQTCVKQPU CPF /GFCNU #VJGP +P ITKGEJKUEJGT 5RTCEJG OKV GPINKUEJGT $KNFDGUEJTGKDWPIU .KUVG 5GKVGP FWTEJIGJGPF HCTDKI DGDKNFGTV TGEJVG 'EMG FGU 8QTUCV\DNCVVGU DGUEJPKVVGP IGDWPFGP ++ (CTDGPRT·EJVKIGT $KNFDCPF XQP JGTXQTTCIGPFGT RJQVQITCRJKUEJGT 3WCNKV·V ÒDGT FKG ITKGEJKUEJGP 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP \GKEJGP XQP -ÌPKITGKEJ WPF 4GRWDNKM XQO #PHCPI DKU \WT )GIGPYCTV

$GTVJQF $GTPCTF &W %JCRKVTG FGU ETQKZ %TQKZ FG EJCRKVTG FGU EJCPQKPGU FG (TCPEG .[QP +P HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP FWTEJIGJGPF KNNWUVTKGTV FCXQP XKGT (CTDVCHGNP TGEJVG 'EMG FGU 8QTUCV\DNCVVGU DGUEJPKVVGP MCTVQPKGTV ++ 0CEJ GKPGT CNNIGOGKPGP 'KPHÒJTWPI ÒDGT 5KPP WPF <YGEM XQP -CPQPKMGT -CRKVGNP WPF KJTGP &GMQTCVKQPGP YGTFGP KP GKPGO CWUHÒJTNKEJGP -CVCNQI CNNG -CRKVGNMTGW\G (TCPMTGKEJU FGU WPF ,CJTJWPFGTVU XQTIGUVGNNV

24

$NQPFGN ,CESWGU )WKFG RTCVKSWG FGU F¾EQTCVKQPU 2CTKU +P HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP FCXQP 5EJYCT\YGK­ 2JQVQ 6CHGNP GKPKIG 5GKVGP NQUG MCTVQPKGTV ++


BÜCHER

$QPPGXKNNG FG /CTUCPI[ . &WEQWTVKCN %NCWFG WPF FW 2CUSWKGT +UCDGNNG .C .¾IKQP F *QPPGWT 2CTKU WPF .KOQIGU +P HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP OKV EC +NNWUVTCVKQPGP WPF (CTDVC HGNP IGDWPFGP OKV )QNFUEJPKVV QDGP KP 5EJWDGT ++ 'TUVMNCUUKIGU 9GTM KP .WZWUCWUHÒJTWPI ÒDGT FKG )GUEJKEJVG FGU JÌEJUVGP HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP 1TFGPU XQP UGKPGP #PH·PIGP DKU \WT )GIGPYCTV OKV \CJNTGKEJGP $KNFGTP OKV \CJNTGKEJGP CWUHÒJTNKEJGP -CRKVGNP \W 6JGOGP YKG 8GTNGKJWPIGP CP (TCWGP 8GTNGKJWPIGP CP )GOGKPFGP WPF 4GIKOGPVGT FKG +PVGTPCVG FGT 'JTGPNGIKQP FKG )TQ­MCP\NGT WUY ņ &CU 5VCPFCTFYGTM UEJNGEJVJKP ÒDGT FGP JÌEJUVGP HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP 1TFGP FGT \WO 8QTDKNF HÒT XKGNG CPFGTG 1TFGP IGYQT FGP KUV

$QWTFKGT % .GU 1TFTGU (TCP¼CKU GV NGU 4¾EQORGPUGU 0CVKQPCNGU 2CTKU #WHNCIG +P HTCP\Ì UKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP FWTEJIGJGPF KP 5EJYCT\YGK­ KNNWUVTKGTV IGDWPFGP UVCTM IGDTCWEJV WPF OGJTHCEJ IGMNGDV OKV 6GZVJGHV KP HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP MCTVQPKGTV 44 +8 <YGKVG GTYGKVGTVG #WHNCIG FKGUGU DGTÒJOVGP 9GTMGU XQP OKV \CJNTGKEJGO 2JQVQOCVGTKCN GKP\KICTVKIGT 5VÒEMG

%CTVQPG /CUUKOQ 1TFKPK %CXCNNGTGUEJK FGN 4GIPQ F +VCNKC /CKNCPF +P KVCNKGPKUEJGT WPF GPINK UEJGT 5RTCEJG (QTOCV # 5GKVGP FWTEJIGJGPF KP (CTDG KNNWUVTKGTV TGEJVG 'EMG FGU 8QTUCV\DNCVVGU DGUEJPKVVGP IGDWPFGP OKV 5EJWV\WOUEJNCI ++ *GTXQTTCIGPFGU $WEJ OKV HCTDKIGP #DDKNFWPIGP FGT 1TFGP FGU -ÌPKITGKEJGU +VCNKGP WPF #NDCPKGPU WPVGT KVCNKGPKUEJGT *GTTUEJCHV

%QNG *QYCTF 0 %QTQPCVKQP CPF 4Q[CN %QOOGOQTCVKXG /GFCNU .QPFQP +P GPINKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP KNNWUVTKGTV OKV HCTDKIGT $·PFGTMCTVG MCTVQPKGTV ++ #DJCPFNWPI ÒDGT FKG MÌPKINKEJGP -TÌPWPIU WPF ,WDKN·WOUOGFCKNNGP XQP DKU

%QNNKIPQP ,GCP 2KGTTG 1TFTG FG %JGXCNGTKG &¾EQTCVKQPU GV O¾FCKNNGU FG (TCPEG FGU QTKIKPGU ¯ NC HKP FW 5GEQPF 'ORKTG .C /QVJG #TEJCTF +P HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT 5RTCEJG )TQ­HQTOCV 5GKVGP OKV PCJG\W (CTDCDDKNFWPIGP IGDWPFGP ++ 'KP IGTCFG\W GRQEJCNGU 9GTM GKPGU FGT DGFGWVGPFUVGP 5COONGTU FGT /CVGTKG ÒDGT FKG 'PVYKEMNWPI FGT HTCP\ÌUK UEJGP 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP XQO #PEKGP 4¾IKOG FGU DKU ,CJTJWPFGTVU ÒDGT FKG 'TUVG 4GRWDNKM FCU 'TUVG -CKUGTTGKEJ FKG 'TUVG WPF <YGKVG 4GUVCWTCVKQP FCU $ÒTIGTMÌPKIVWO FKG <YGKVG 4GRWDNKM FKG 2T¾UKFGPEG JKP DKU \WO 7PVGTICPI FGU <YGKVGP -CKUGTTGKEJGU KO ,CJTG OKV #DDKNFWPIGP FGT +PUKIPKGP KP CNNGP DGMCPPVGP WPF VGKNU DKU FCJKP WPXGTÌHHGPVNKEJVGP /QFGNNGP WPF 8CTKCPVGP CNNGT 1TFGP ņ CWEJ FGT GWTQR·KUEJGP PCRQNGQPKUEJGP -ÌPKITGK EJG HCUV CWUUEJNKG­NKEJ OKV 8QTFGT WPF 4ÒEMUGKVG CWU FGP $GUV·PFGP \CJNTGKEJGT RTKXCVGT YKG CWEJ ÌHHGPVNKEJGT 5COONWPIGP ·W­GTUV FGVCKNNKGTV WPF U[UVGOCVKUEJ FCTIGUVGNNV WPF GTN·WVGTV

%TQKUU[ $GTPCTF 3WCPF $QPCRCTVG FGXKPV 0CRQN¾QP 9CUSWGJCN +P HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP TGKEJ KP (CTDG KNNWUVTKGTV MCTVQPKGTV 4 ++

&WTQX 8CNGTKK #NGMUCPFTQYKVUEJ 1TFGPC 4QUUKK 6JG 1TFGTU QH 4WUUKC /QUMCW +P TWUUK UEJGT WPF GPINKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP FWTEJIGJGPF TGKEJ KNNWUVTKGTV TGEJVG 'EMG FGU 8QTUCV\DNCVVGU DGUEJPKVVGP IGDWPFGP ++

)WKTCWF &CTOCKU ,CESWGU 1TFTGU GV &¾EQTCVKQPU /QP¾ICUSWGU /QPCEQ +P HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP FWTEJIGJGPF KNNWUVTKGTV VGKNYGKUG OKV ICP\UGKVKIGP (CTDVCHGNP TGEJVG 'EMG FGU 8QTUCV\DNCVVGU DGUEJPKVVGP MCTVQPKGTV 4 ++ 5VCPFCTFYGTM ÒDGT FKG UVCCVNKEJGP 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP FGU (ÒTUVGPVWOU OKV (CTDCDDKNFWPIGP CNNGT -NCUUGP WPF 5VWHGP WPF FGT 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGP

*CNN &QPCNF $TKVKUJ 1TFGTU &GEQTCVKQPU CPF /GFCNU 5V +XGU +P GPINKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP FWTEJIGJGPF KP (CTDG KNNWUVTKGTV TGEJVG 'EMG FGU 8QTUCV\DNCVVGU DGUEJPKVVGP IGDWPFGP OKV NGKEJV DGUEJ·FKIVGO 5EJWV\WOUEJNCI ++ .KVJGTNCPF #PFTGY 4 WPF 5KORMKP $TKCP 6 5RKPMʼnU 5VCPFCTF %CVCNQIWG QH $TKVKUJ CPF CUUQEK CVGF 1TFGTU &GEQTCVKQPU CPF /GFCNU YKVJ XCNWCVKQPU .QPFQP +P GPINKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP FWTEJIGJGPF DGDKNFGTV VGKNYGKUG KP (CTDG OKV HCTDKIGT $·PFGTVCHGN TGEJVG 'EMG FGU 8QTUCV\ DNCVVGU DGUEJPKVVGP IGDWPFGP OKV 5EJWV\WOUEJNCI ++ 5VCPFCTFMCVCNQI HÒT DTKVKUEJG 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP OKV $GYGTVWPIGP KP 2HWPF 5VGTNKPI

.WFYKIUVQTHH )GQTI 5EJYCT\ 9CNVGT # WPF 5VQN\GT ,QJCPP (QTVKVWFKPK &GT 6CRHGTMGKV &GT /KNKV·T /CTKC 6JGTGUKGP 1TFGP WPF FKG 6CRHGTMGKVUOGFCKNNG &GWVUEJ 9CITCO 5GKVGP KNNWUVTKGTV (CTDVCHGNP KO 6GZV TGEJVG 'EMG FGU 8QTUCV\DNCVVGU DGUEJPKVVGP IGDWPFGP OKV 5EJWV\WO UEJNCI ++ &KGUGU $WEJ KUV CNU $GINGKVDCPF \WT INGKEJPCOKIGP #WUUVGNNWPI FGT ¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJGP )GUGNNUEJCHV HÒT 1TFGPUMWPFG KP &GWVUEJ 9CITCO GTUEJKGPGP 'U GPVJ·NV PGDGP FGT CNNIGOGKPGP )GUEJKEJVG FGT #WU\GKEJPWPIGP CWEJ GKPGP WOHCPI TGKEJGP WPF FGVCKNNKGTVGP -CVCNQI FGT CWUIGUVGNNVGP 5VÒEMG

/CUUKCP /KEJGN .C /¾FCKNNG /KNKVCKTG 2CTKU WPF .KOQIGU +P HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP OKV EC +NNWUVTCVKQPGP WPF (CTDVCHGNP IGDWPFGP OKV )QNFUEJPKVV QDGP KP 5EJWDGT ++ #WUHÒJTNKEJGU 9GTM KP .WZWUCWUHÒJTWPI ÒDGT FKG )GUEJKEJVG FGT UGJT RQRWN·TGP HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP /KNKV·TCWU\GKEJPWPI OKV TGKEJGO $KNFOCVGTKCN

/GKLGT * ) /WNFGT % 2 WPF 9CIGPCCT $ 9 1TFGTU CPF &GEQTCVKQPU QH 6JG 0GVJGTNCPFU 1JPG 1TV #WHNCIG +P PKGFGTN·PFKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP FWTEJYGI KP (CTDG WPF 5EJYCT\ YGK­ KNNWUVTKGTV MCTVQPKGTV 4 ++

25


BÜCHER

/erKcMC 8CENCX 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP FGT ÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJ WPICTKUEJGP /QPCTEJKG 9KGP WPF /ÒPEJGP )TQ­HQTOCV 5GKVGP OKV \CJNTGKEJGP (CTD WPF 5EJYCT\YGK­ #DDKNFWPIGP TGEJVG 'EMG FGU 8QTUCV\DNCVVGU DGUEJPKVVGP IGDWPFGP OKV 5EJWV\WOUEJNCI 4 ++ )TQ­HQTOCVKIGT 2TCEJVDCPF ÒDGT CNNG 1TFGP 'JTGP\GKEJGP WPF #WU\GKEJPWPIGP FGT - WPF M /QPCTEJKG DKU KP KJTGP \CJNTGKEJGP 8CTKCPVGP FGVCKNNKGTVG XQT\ÒINKEJ DGDKNFGTVG #TDGKV XQP DKUJGT GKP\KICTVKIGO WPF DNGKDGPFGO 9GTV /KPKUV½TG FG N 'FWECVKQP 0CVKQPCNG GV FG NC %WNVWTG WPF FKG 5VCFV $TÒUUGN .C 6QKUQP F 1T %KPS 5K½ENGU F #TV GV F *KUVQKTG 'ZRQUKVKQP CW /WU¾G %QOOWPCN FGU $GCWZ #TV LWKNNGV UGR VGODTG $TÒUUGN +P HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP FWTEJIGJGPF TGKEJ KP 5EJYCT\YGK­ KNNWUVTKGTV TGEJVG 'EMG FGU 8QTUCV\DNCVVGU DGUEJPKVVGP MCTVQPKGTV 'KPDCPF UEJCFJCHV +++ *GTXQTTCIGPFGT -CVCNQI GKPGT DGFGWVGPFGP WPF XKGN DGCEJVGVGP #WUUVGNNWPI ÒDGT FKGUGP YQJN DGFGWVGPFUVGP CNNGT GWTQR·KUEJGP 4KVVGTQTFGP OKV #DDKNFWPIGP \CJNTGKEJGT +PUKIPKGP WPF 2QTVTCKVU FGT +PJCDGT $GUQPFGTU KPHQTOCVKX KUV FKG XQNNUV·PFKIG .KUVG CNNGT 1TFGPUTKVVGT XQP FGT GTUVGP 8GTNGKJWPI KO ,CJTG DKU GKPUEJNKG­NKEJ FGU URCPK UEJGP <YGKIGU CD WPF FGU ÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJGP <YGKIGU CD 1JO *KGTQP[OWUUGP 2QWN 'WTQRºKUMG 1TFPGT K (CTXGT -QRGPJCIGP +P F·PKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP FWTEJIGJGPF TGKEJ KNNWUVTKGTV GKPUEJNKG­NKEJ (CTDVCHGNP TGEJVG 'EMG FGU 8QTUCV\DNCVVGU DGUEJPKVVGP IGDWPFGP OKV 5EJWV\WOUEJNCI 4 ++ &KG UGJT UGNVGPG F·PKUEJG 1TKIKPCNCWUICDG FGU 9GTMGU 1JO *KGTQP[OWUUGP 2CWN *CPFDWEJ GWTQR·KUEJGT 1TFGP KP (CTDG $GTNKP 5GKVGP FWTEJIGJGPF TGKEJ KNNWUVTKGTV GKPUEJNKG­NKEJ (CTDVCHGNP IGDWPFGP 4 ++ $KU JGWVG CP 2T·\KUKQP $KNFSWCNKV·V WPF 0ÒV\NKEJMGKV WPÒDGTVTQHHGPGU 9GTM FCU FKG WO KP 'WTQRC DGUVGJGPFGP 1TFGP WPF YKEJVKIUVGP 'JTGP\GKEJGP GTN·WVGTV WPF FCTUVGNNV 5ECTRC %QUVCPVKPQ WPF 5¾\CPPG 2CQNQ .G &GEQTC\KQPK CN 8CNQTG FGK 4GIPK FK 5CTFGIPC G F +VCNKC

4QO +P KVCNKGPKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP (CTD WPF HÒPH 5EJYCT\YGK­ 6CHGNP IGDWPFGP TGEJVG 'EMG FGU 8QTUCV\DNCVVGU DGUEJPKVVGP IGDWPFGP OKV GVYCU XGTHNGEMVGO 5EJWV\WO UEJNCI 4 ++

5ECTRC %QPUVCPVKPQ WPF 5¾\CPPG 2CQNQ .G &GEQTC\KQPK CN 8CNQTG FGNNC 4GRWDDNKEC +VCNKCPC 4QO +P KVCNKGPKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP WPF 6CHGNP FCXQP KP (CTDG IGDWPFGP ++ 5COONWPI CNNGT )GUGV\G 8QTUEJTKHVGP -QOOGPVCTG WPF 'TN·WVGTWPIGP \W FGP 6CRHGTMGKVUCWU\GKEJPWPIGP FGT IGIGPY·TVKIGP 4GRWDNKM +VCNKGP 5ECTRC %QUVCPVKPQ WPF 5¾\CPPG 2CQNQ .G &GEQTC\KQPK FGN 4GIPQ FKG 5CTFGIPC G FGN 4GIPQ F +VCNKC .G &GEQTC\KQPK EQOOGOQTCVKXG 8QNWOG + 4QO +P KVCNKGPKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP (CTD WPF XKGT 5EJYCT\YGK­ 6CHGNP IGDWPFGP OKV 5EJWV\WOUEJNCI ++

5EJGYGNGYC ' * 0CITWFPKG 5PCMK 4WUUMQK #TOKK 5CPMV 2GVGTUDWTI +P TWUUKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP GKPUEJNKG­NKEJ (CTD WPF CEJV 5EJYCT\YGK­ 6CHGNP MCTVQPKGTV ++

5QEK¾V¾ F 'PVTCKFG FGU OGODTGU FG NC .¾IKQP F JQPPGWT .C %QJQTVG 'ZGORNCTG 0T 0Q XGODGT WPF 0T #WIWUV +P HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT 5RTCEJG \WUCOOGP 5GKVGP KNNWUVTKGTV IGJGHVGV ++

5QW[TKU 4QNNCPF #PFT¾ *KUVQKTG FGU FKUVKPEVKQPU GV FGU T¾EQORGPUGU PCVKQPCNGU 6QOG + #TEWGKN +P HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT 5RTCEJG )TQ­HQTOCV 5GKVGP FWTEJYGI HCTDKI WPF UEJYCT\YGK­ KNNWUVTKGTV MCTVQPKGTV ++ $GJCPFGNV YGTFGP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP FGT (TCP\ÌUKUEJGP 4GXQNWVKQP WPF FGT 4GUVCWTCVKQP YKG \ $ &KG 5KGIGT FGT $CUVKNNG WPF .KNKG FGT 6TGWG 5QW[TKU 4QNNCPF #PFT¾ *KUVQKTG FGU FKUVKPEVKQPU GV FGU T¾EQORGPUGU PCVKQPCNGU 6QOG ++ #TEWGKN +P HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT 5RTCEJG )TQ­HQTOCV 5GKVGP FWTEJYGI HCTDKI WPF UEJYCT\YGK­ KNNWUVTKGTV MCTVQPKGTV ++ $GJCPFGNV YGTFGP KP FKGUGO $CPF W C FGT /KNKV·TQTFGP FGU *N .WFYKI ,WNK -TGW\ WPF ,WNK /GFCKNNG 5RCFC #PVQPKQ 1PQTK G )NQTKG 8QNWOG 4GIPQ F +VCNKC G #PVKEJK 5VCVK +VCNKCPK $TGUEKC +P KVCNKGPKUEJGT WPF GPINKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP FWTEJIGJGPF OKV (CTDRJQVQITCRJKGP KNNWUVTKGTV TGEJVG 'EMG FGU GTUVGP $NCVVGU DGUEJPKVVGP QDGP )QNFUEJPKVV IGDWPFGP KP TQVGO .GFGT KO 5EJWDGT 4 ++ 0KEJV \W ÒDGTVTGHHGPFGU NWZWTKÌU CWUIGUVCVVGVGU 9GTM ÒDGT FKG 1TFGPUKPUKIPKGP WPF UGNVGPGP 'JTGP\GKEJGP FGT KVCNKGPKUEJGP 5VCCVGP XQO DKU #PHCPI FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU FGT DGTÒJOVGP 5COONWPI XQP &T #PVQPKQ 5RCFC 5RCFC #PVQPKQ 1PQTK G )NQTKG 8QNWOG /CNVC 5RCIPC )TCP $TGVCIPC 2QTVQICNNQ $TC UKNG $TGUEKC +P KVCNKGPKUEJGT WPF GPINKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP FWTEJIGJGPF OKV (CTDRJQVQITC RJKGP KNNWUVTKGTV TGEJVG 'EMG FGU GTUVGP $NCVVGU DGUEJPKVVGP QDGP )QNFUEJPKVV IGDWPFGP KP TQVGO .GFGT KO 5EJWDGT 4 ++ 0KEJV \W ÒDGTVTGHHGPFGU NWZWTKÌU CWUIGUVCVVGVGU 9GTM ÒDGT FKG 1TFGPUKPUKIPKGP WPF UGNVGPGP 'JTGP\GKEJGP FGU 5QWXGT·PGP /CNVGUGT 4KVVGTQTFGPU 5RCPKGPU )TQ­DTKVCPPKGPU 2QTVWICNU WPF $TCUKNKGPU XQO DKU #PHCPI FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU FGT DGTÒJOVGP 5COONWPI XQP &T #PVQPKQ 5RCFC 5RCFC #PVQPKQ 1PQTK G )NQTKG 8QNWOG (TCPEKC 4WUUKC #WUVTKC $TGUEKC +P KVCNKGPK UEJGT WPF GPINKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP FWTEJIGJGPF OKV (CTDRJQVQITCRJKGP KNNWUVTKGTV TGEJVG 'EMG FGU GTUVGP $NCVVGU DGUEJPKVVGP QDGP )QNFUEJPKVV IGDWPFGP KP TQVGO .GFGT KO DGUEJ·FKIVGP 5EJWDGT 4 ++ 0KEJV \W ÒDGTVTGHHGPFGU NWZWTKÌU CWUIGUVCVVGVGU 9GTM ÒDGT FKG 1TFGPUKPUKIPKGP WPF UGNVGPGP 'JTGP\GKEJGP (TCPM TGKEJU FGU 4WUUKUEJGP 4GKEJGU WPF FGU -CKUGTTGKEJU ¤UVGTTGKEJ XQO DKU #PHCPI FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU FGT DG TÒJOVGP 5COONWPI XQP &T #PVQPKQ 5RCFC

26


BÜCHER

5RCFC &T #PVQPKQ 1TFKPK &KPCUVKEK FGNNC 4GCN %CUC FK 5CXQKC $TGUEKC +P KVCNKGPKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP FWTEJYGI OKV HCTDKIGP #DDKNFWPIGP IGDWPFGP ++ 'PVJ·NV CWH ICP\UGKVKIGP HCTDKIGP 2JQVQVCHGNP XQP JGTXQTTCIGPFGT 3WCNKV·V CNNG +PUKIPKGP CNNGT -NCUUGP FGU #PPWP\K CVGP WPF FGU 5CPMV /CWTKVKWU WPF .C\CTWU 1TFGPU UQYKG FKG FC\WIGJÌTKIGP &GMTGVG

5VQN\GT ,QJCPP WPF 5VGGD %JTKUVKCP *I ¤UVGTTGKEJU 1TFGP XQO /KVVGNCNVGT DKU \WT )GIGPYCTV )TC\ 5GKVGP OKV (CTDVCHGNP WPF ÒDGT 5EJYCT\YGK­ #DDKNFWPIGP TGEJVG 'EMG FGU 8QTUCV\DNCVVGU DGUEJPKVVGP IGDWPFGP OKV 5EJWV\WOUEJNCI ++ &CU 9GTM XGTCPUEJCWNKEJV FKG ÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJGP 1TFGP WPF #WU\GKEJPWPIGP XQO 5R·VOKVVGNCNVGT DKU \W FGP $WPFGU N·PFGTP XQP JGWVG &C\W MQOOGP PQEJ GKPHÒJTGPFG #DJCPFNWPIGP ÒDGT FGP /CNVGUGT 4KVVGTQTFGP FGP &GWVUEJGP 1TFGP WPF FGP 1TFGP XQO *N )TCD #DIGTWPFGV YKTF CNNGU FWTEJ GKPGP #DTK­ ÒDGT 2WP\KGTWPIGP WPF *GTUVGNNGT FGT 1TFGP WPF #WU\GKEJPWPIGP &CU WOHCPITGKEJG $KNFOCVGTKCN KUV URG\KGNN CWH FKG /QPCTEJKG FKG MNCUUKUEJG 2GTKQFG FGT ÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJGP 1TFGP WPF #WU\GKEJPWPIGP CWUIGTKEJVGV

9GTNKEJ 4QDGTV 4WUUKCP 1TFGTU &GEQTCVKQPU CPF /GFCNU KPENWFKPI VJQUG QH +ORGTKCN 4WUUKC VJG RTQXKUKQPCN )QXGTPOGPV VJG %KXKN 9CT CPF VJG 5QXKGV 7PKQP 9CUJKPIVQP +P GPINKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP FWTEJIGJGPF KNNWUVTKGTV VNY KP (CTDG WPF VNY KP 5EJYCT\YGK­ TGEJVG 'EMG FGU 8QTUCV\ DNCVVGU DGUEJPKVVGP IGDWPFGP 4 ++ 7OHCPITGKEJGU WPF JGTXQTTCIGPF GTCTDGKVGVGU 5VCPFCTFYGTM FGT 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP CNNGT 2GTKQFGP FGT TWUUK UEJGP )GUEJKEJVG

2*#.'4+56+5%*' (#%*.+6'4#674 ª$'45''

$QTVU .CYTGPEG * 7PKVGF 0CVKQPU /GFCNU CPF /KUUKQPU 6JG /GFCNU CPF 4KDDQPU QH VJG 7PKVGF 0CVKQPU (QWPVCKP +PP +P GPINKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP FWTEJIGJGPF TGKEJ KNNWUVTKGTV VGKNYGKUG KP (CTDG MCTVQPKGTV ++ 'KP XQNNUV·PFKIGT (ÒJTGT HÒT CNNG /GFCKNNGP WPF KJTG $·PFGT FGT 701 'KPU·V\G XQO -QTGC -TKGI DKU \WO ,CJTG OKV \CJNTGKEJGP *KPVGTITWPFKPHQTOCVKQPGP

'VKGPPG (TCPEKU 'F .GU &¾EQTCVKQPU *CKVKGPPGU ¯ VTCXGTU N *KUVQKTG 2QTV CW 2TKPEG +P HTCP \ÌUKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP OKV \CJNTGKEJGP ICP\UGKVKIGP (CTDCDDKNFWPIGP IGDWPFGP OKV 5EJWV\WO UEJNCI 4 ++

)TQXG (TCPM ) /GFCNU QH /GZKEQ 8QN +++ 1TFGTU #YCTFU CPF /KNKVCT[ &GEQTCVKQPU )WCFCNC LCTC +P GPINKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP FWTEJIGJGPF TGKEJ KP 5EJYCT\YGK­ KNNWUVTKGTV IGDWPFGP 44 ++ +OOGT PQEJ FCU 5VCPFCTFYGTM \WT OGZKMCPKUEJGP 2JCNGTKUVKM 4QWUUGCW 2KGTTG 1TFTGU GV &¾EQTCVKQPU FG N 'ORKTG %J¾TKHKGP CW 6GORU FW 2TQVGEVQTCV (TCPECKU CW /CTQE 8GTUCKNNG +P HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT 5RTCEJG (QTOCV # 5GKVGP OKV OGJT CNU (CTDCDDKNFWPIGP IGDWPFGP OKV 5EJWV\WOUEJNCI ++ &CU GTUVG $WEJ ÒDGT FKG 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP /CTQMMQU XQO $GIKPP FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU DKU \WO 'PFG FGT -QNQPKCN\GKV &KG GKP\GNPGP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP YGTFGP XQT FGO *KPVGTITWPF WPF KP <WUCOOGPJCPI OKV FGT LGYGKNKIGP IGUEJKEJVNKEJGP 5KVWCVKQP XQTIGUVGNNV

2*#.'4+56+5%*' (#%*.+6'4#674 #75. 0&+5%*' #7-6+105-#6#.1)'

%CUC F #UVG %\GTP[ #UVC 1TFKPK G &QETC\KQPK #UVC #TOK #PVKEJG (GDTCKQ 6TKGPV +P KVCNKGPKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP MCTVQPKGTV ++

5QVJGD[ U .QPFQP 6WGUFC[ /C[ 9CT /GFCNU 1TFGTU CPF &GEQTCVKQPU KPENWFKPI 6JG (QGTUVGT %QNNGEVKQP QH 4WUUKCP 1TFGTU &GEQTCVKQPU .QPFQP +P GPINKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP KNNWUVTKGTV MCTVQPKGTV 4 ++

(#%*.+6'4#674 /+.+6#4+# 70& /+.+6 4)'5%*+%*6'

#IGPFC $GTGVVC $TGUEKC +P KVCNKGPKUEJGT WPF GPINKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP OKV ÒDGT HCTDKIGP #DDKNFWPIGP MCTVQPKGTV 44 ++ &KG #IGPFC \GKIV ÒDGT UGNVGPG JKUVQTKUEJG $NCPM WPF (GWGTYCHHGP FGT 5COONWPI &T #PVQPKQ 5RCFC $TGUEKC

#IGPFC $GTGVVC $TGUEKC +P KVCNKGPKUEJGT WPF GPINKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP OKV ÒDGT HCTDKIGP #DDKNFWPIGP MCTVQPKGTV 44 ++ &KG #IGPFC \GKIV ÒDGT UGNVGPG JKUVQTKUEJG $NCPMYCHHGP FGT 5COONWPI &T #PVQPKQ 5RCFC $TGUEKC

#IGPFC $GTGVVC $TGUEKC +P KVCNKGPKUEJGT WPF GPINKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP OKV ÒDGT HCTDKIGP #DDKNFWPIGP MCTVQPKGTV 44 ++ &KG #IGPFC \GKIV ÒDGT UGNVGPG OKNKV·TKUEJG -QRHDGFGEMWPIGP DGFGWVGPFGT 1HHK\KGTG CWU CNNGT 9GNV FGT 5COONWPI &T #PVQPKQ 5RCFC $TGUEKC

)QWNF 4QDGTV 9 .QECVKQPU QH $TKVKUJ %CXCNT[ +PHCPVT[ CPF /CEJKPG )WP 7PKVU .QPFQP +P GPINKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP MCTVQPKGTV ++

*CCIGT %JTKUVKCP *QHHOCPP 2CWN *WVGT (TCP\ .CPI 'DGTJCTF WPF 5RKGNOCPP #PVQP *GKP\ + 6KTQNGT -CKUGTL·IGT 5VQTKC FKG TGIIKOGPVK UEGNVK VKTQNGUK (QPFC\KQPG +PVGTXGPVK 'SWKRCIIKC OGPVQ %TGOQPC +P KVCNKGPKUEJGT 5RTCEJG KNNWUVTKGTV TGEJVG 'EMG FGU 8QTUCV\DNCVVGU DGUEJPKVVGP MCTVQPKGTV 4 ++

27


BÜCHER

.G /CTGE $GTPCTF .GU (TCP¼CKU .KDTGU GV NGWTU GODN½OGU .KOQIGU +P HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP KNNWUVTKGTV $WEJDNQEM VNY PKEJV DGUEJPKVVGP OKV DGKIGHÒIVGP HCTDKIGP 2JQVQVCHGNP MCTVQ PKGTV OKV 5EJWV\WOUEJNCI 4 ++

4[CP .GNKC $ 1HHKEGTU 9CKUV $GNV %NCURU .QPFQP +P GPINKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP KNNWUVTKGTV MCTVQPKGTV 4 ++

07/+5/#6+5%*' (#%*.+6'4#674

$CPM .GW 5# <WTKEJ 8GPVG RWDNKSWG NG 1EVQDTG /QPPCKGU GV /¾FCKNNGU 0CRQN¾QPK GPPGU G RCTVKG <ÒTKEJ +P HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP UGEJU (CTD WPF 5EJYCT\YGK­ 6CHGNP TGEJVG 'EMG FGU 8QTUCV\DNCVVGU DGUEJPKVVGP MCTVQPKGTV OKV 'TIGDPKUNKUVG ++

$QVVKPK (TCPEQ *I 3WCFGTPK FK 5VQTKC G 0WOKUOCVKEC /CIIKQ 5CPVK )KQXCPPK /GVCNNK G .GIJG KORKGICVK PGNNC /QPGVC\KQPG 5GKVGP /CIIKQ $QVVKPK (TCPEQ 5KNNCDCTKQ FK 0WOKUOCVKEC

5GKVGP VNY KNNWUVTKGTV /CIIKQ $QVVKPK (TCPEQ 5VQTKC G /QPGVG 5GKVGP KNNWUVTKGTV +P KVCNKGPKUEJGT 5RTCEJG MCTVQPKGTV ++

%CKTQNC #NFQ .G /QPGVG FGNN 7PKV± F +VCNKC 4QO +P KVCNKGPKUEJGT 5RTCEJG )TQ­HQTOCV 5GKVGP WPF (CTDVCHGNP IGDWPFGP OKV 5EJWV\WOUEJNCI ++

%JCODTG FGU 4GRT¾UGPVCPVU $TWZGNNGU %QNNGEVKQP PWOKUOCVKSWG =FG NC %JCODTG FGU 4GRT¾UGP VCPVU? $TÒUUGN +P HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP WPF 5EJYCT\YGK­ 2JQVQ 6CHGNP $WEJFG EMGN WPF 6KVGN HGJNGP $WEJDNQEM PWT FWTEJ (CFGPJGHVWPI \WUCOOGPIGJCNVGP MCTVQPKGTV 4 +8

%QPKINKQ /CTKQ 0CRNGQPG $QPCRCTVG #TVG G 5VQTKC PGNNG /GFCINKG 8CTGUG +P KVCNKGPKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP FWTEJIGJGPF KP 5EJYCT\YGK­ KNNWUVTKGTV IGDWPFGP ++

&KGVKMGT *CPU # $ÌJOGP -CVCNQI FGT *CDUDWTIGT /ÒP\GP DKU /ÒPEJGP 5GKVGP FWTEJYGIU KP 5EJYCT\YGK­ KNNWUVTKGTV TGEJVG 'EMG FGU 8QTUCV\DNCVVGU DGUEJPKVVGP IGDWPFGP OKV GVYCU DGUEJ·FKIVGO 5EJWV\WOUEJNCI ++

)WKQVJ / *KUVQTKG 0WOKUOCVKSWG FG NC 4GXQNWVKQP *CUUGNV +P HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP WPF 6CHGNP $WEJDNQEM IGDTQEJGP &GEMGN NQUG IGDWPFGP UEJCFJCHV +8

5QEK¾V¾ 4Q[CNG FG 0WOKUOCVKSWG 5QWXGPKTU PWOKUOCVKSWGU FW EKPSWCPVK½OG CPPKXGTUCKTG FG N KPF¾RGPFCPEG FG NC $GNIKSWG $TÒUUGN +P HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP WPF 6CHGNP MCTVQ PKGTV UEJCFJCHV &C\W 5QWXGPKTU PWOKUOCVKSWGU FGU H½VGU LWDKNCKTG FG $TÒUUGN 5GKVGP WPF 6CHGNP WPIGUEJPKVVGP WPIGDWPFGP +++

6CTFK 2QKP¼QPU F QT GV FG RNCVKPG 2CTKU #WHNCIG +P HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT 5RTCEJG WPF 5GKVGP FWTEJIGJGPF TGKEJ KP 5EJYCT\YGK­ KNNWUVTKGTV TGEJVG 'EMG FGU 8QTUCV\DNCVVGU DGUEJPKVVGP MCTVQ PKGTV 4 ++ 'KPGU FGT DGUVGP 9GTMG \W )QNF WPF 2NCVKPRWP\GP

6CTFK 2QKP¼QPU F CTIGPV 2CTKU #WHNCIG +P HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP FWTEJIGJGPF TGKEJ KP 5EJYCT\YGK­ KNNWUVTKGTV TGEJVG 'EMG FGU 8QTUCV\DNCVVGU DGUEJPKVVGP MCTVQPKGTV 4 ++ 'KPGU FGT DGUVGP 9GTMG \W 5KNDGTRWP\GP

*'4#.&+5%*' (#%*.+6'4#674

&KFGTQV WPF F #NGODGTV . 'PE[ENQR¾FKG $NCUQPK G #TCNFKEC 1JPG 1TVUCPICDG +P KVCNKGPK UEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP WPF 6CHGNP TGEJVG 'EMG FGU 8QTUCV\DNCVVGU DGUEJPKVVGP MCTVQPKGTV ++ +VCNKGPKUEJG ªDGTUGV\WPI FGU GPVURTGEJGPFGP #TVKMGNU CWU &KFGTQVU XQP DKU GTUEJKGPGPGT 'PE[ENQRGFKG OKV FGP \WIGJÌTKIGP 6CHGNP

(QUVGT ,QUGRJ 6JG &KEVKQPCT[ QH *GTCNFT[ (GWFCN %QCVU QH #TOU CPF 2GFKITGGU .QPFQP +P GPINKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP FWTEJIGJGPF KP (CTDG KNNWUVTKGTV TGEJVG 'EMG FGU 8QTUCV\DNCVVGU DG UEJPKVVGP IGDWPFGP OKV 5EJWV\WOUEJNCI ++

(QZ &CXKGU #TVJWT %JCTNGU +PUGIPG #TCNFKEC 6QTTKCPC +P KVCNKGPKUEJGT 5RTCEJG )TQ­HQTOCV 5GKVGP GKPUEJNKG­NKEJ (CTDVCHGNP MCTVQPKGTV ++

.QWFC ,Krà WPF /CENCICP /KEJCGN *GTCNFT[ QH VJG 4Q[CN (COKNKGU QH 'WTQRG 0GY ;QTM +P GPINKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP FWTEJIGJGPF TGKEJ KP (CTDG KNNWUVTKGTV TGEJVG 'EMG FGU 8QTUCV\DNCVVGU DGUEJPKVVGP IGDWPFGP OKV DGUEJ·FKIVGO 5EJWV\WOUEJNCI ++

0GWDGEMGT 1VVHKTGF #TCNFKEC 1TKIKPK 5KODQNK G 5KIPKHKECVQ /CKNCPF +P KVCNKGPKUEJGT 5RTC EJG 5GKVGP FWTEJIGJGPF KP (CTDG KNNWUVTKGTV TGEJVG 'EMG FGU 8QTUCV\DNCVVGU DGUEJPKVVGP IGDWPFGP OKV 5EJWV\WOUEJNCI ++

8QNDQTVJ %CTN #NGZCPFGT XQP #TCNFKEC 7UK 4GIQNG G 5VKNK /CKNCPF +P KVCNKGPKUEJGT 5RTCEJG 5GKVGP FWTEJIGJGPF TGKEJ KNNWUVTKGTV VNY KP (CTDG IGDWPFGP 6GKNG FGU $WEJDNQEMU NQUG IGDWPFGP OKV 5EJWV\WOUEJNCI +8

28


Deutschland



DEUTSCHLAND

&'765%*.#0&

85

84

86

&'765%*' 56##6'0 #0*#.6 *'4<1)67/

+PQHHK\KGNNG 'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG CP FKG 5KNDGTPG *QEJ\GKV FGU *GT\QIURCCTGU /GUUKPI XGTUKN DGTV VNY DGTKGDGP CP 2GPVCIQPCN $CPFURCPIG ++

5RCPIG HÒT 0QVJGNHGTKPPGP FGU 8CVGTN·PFKUEJGP (TCWGP 8GTGKPU XQO 4QVGP -TGW\ HÒT #PJCNV $TQP\G OKV 4GUVXGTIQNFWPI GOCKNNKGTV 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK GVYCU DGTKGDGP CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG GKPIGRT·IV 8 (T 8 WPF <'4$56 OKV ITCXKGTVGT 6T·IGTPWOOGT WPF *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC 5VQDDG KP $GTNKP CP 0CFGN &C\W $TQUEJG HÒT *GNHGTKPPGP FGU &GWVUEJGP 4QVGP -TGW\GU /QFGNN GOCKNNKGTV OKP QDGTHN·EJNKEJG 'OCKNNG %JKRU CP 0CFGN *' YC WPF ZC ++ ++

#7)5$74) 4'+%*556#&6

7NTKEJUMTGW\ \WT 'TKPPGTWPI CP FKG ,CJTHGKGT FGT 5EJNCEJV CWH FGO .GEJHGNF Z OO 5KNDGT QJPG $CPFTKPI WPF QJPG $CPF QFGT -GVVG ++ #O #WIWUV DGUKGIVG FCU *GGT FGU FGWVUEJGP -ÌPKIU 1VVQU + FGU )TQ­GP CWH FGO .GEJHGNF XQT FGP 6QTGP #WIUDWTIU FKG UGKV FGO $GIKPP FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU KP UVGVKIGT 9KGFGTJQNWPI GKPHCNNGPFGP /CI[CTGP

7PICTP #P FGP 8GTVGKFKIWPIUM·ORHGP JCVVG #WIUDWTIU 5VCFVJGTT $KUEJQH 7NTKEJ GKPGP YGUGPVNKEJGP #PVGKN YWTFG GT XQP 2CRUV ,QJCPPGU :8 IGUV MCPQPKUKGTV &WTEJ FKGUGP 5KGI FGT CNU DGFGWVGPFUVGT 1VVQU + IKNV YWTFG FGP /CI[CTGP 'KPH·NNGP CWH &CWGT GKP 'PFG IGUGV\V

87 (1:1)

$#&'0 /#4-)4#(5%*#(6 $+5 -74(ª456'067/ 70& )4155*'4<1)67/

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJGT 1TFGP $GTVJQNF FGU 'TUVGP CD $TWUVUVGTP \WO -QOOCPFGWT -NCUUG #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC .WFYKI $GTVUEJ KP -CTNUTWJG \YKUEJGP WPF 5KNDGT /GFCKNNQP )QNF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI . $'465%* WPF -#4.547*' CP 0CFGN $9- )- 1'- 8. + 31


DEUTSCHLAND

&KG (KTOC .WFYKI $GTVUEJ NKGHGTVG NCWV -NGPCW KP )- 5 ++ PQEJ DKU W C FKG $TWUVUVGTPG \WO -QOOCP FGWT -NCUUG FGU $GTVJQNF 1TFGPU .CWV 8QNNG KP 8. 5 WPF -NGPCW KP )- 5 ++ YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\G -NCUUG D\Y 5VGTPG \WO KPPGJCDGPFGP -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\ XGTNKGJGP &WTEJ FKG 8GTMÒPFKIWPI GKIGPGT 5VCVWVGP CO 5GRVGODGT YWTFG JKGTCWU GKP GKIGPGT XKGTMNCUUKIGT )TQ­ MTGW\ -QOOCPFGWT WPF -NCUUG WPF 4KVVGTMTGW\ CNNIGOGKPGT 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGT XQP PWP CP CWEJ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP HÒT /KNKV·TXGTFKGPUVG XGTNKGJGP YGTFGP MQPPVG +O ,CJTG YWTFG FKG )QNFGPG -GVVG FGU 1TFGPU GKPIGHÒJTV &GT 1TFGP YWTFG KP FGP OGKUVGP -NCUUGP KPUDGUQPFGTG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP PWT UGJT URCTUCO XGTNKGJGP /KV FGO 6JTQPXGT\KEJV )TQ­JGT\QI (TKGFTKEJU ++ CO 0QXGODGT GTNQUEJ CWEJ FGT 1TFGP 8IN CWEJ #FNGT .CTU WPF *CPPGUUEJN·IGT (TCP\ &GT DCFKUEJG 1TFGP $GTVJQNF + XQP <·JTKPIGP +P 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP 0T ,CJTICPI #WIWUV 5 HH

88 (1:1)

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJGT 1TFGP $GTVJQNF FGU 'TUVGP CD -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\ #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC .WFYKI $GTVUEJ KP -CTNUTWJG \YKUEJGP WPF )QNF VNY HGKPUV ITCXKGTV \KUGNKGTV WPF GOCKN NKGTV I FKG /GFCKNNQP (GNFGT HGKPUV IWKNNQEJKGTV ITÌ­GTGT QDGTHN·EJNKEJGT 'OCKNNG %JKR CWH FGO TGEJVGP -TGW\CTO 6TCIGTKPI OKV )QNFRWP\G WPF *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G $ XQP $GTVUEJ QJPG $CPF $9- )- 1'- 8. ++ &KG (KTOC .WFYKI $GTVUEJ NKGHGTVG NCWV -NGPCW KP )- 5 ++ PQEJ DKU W C FKG -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\G FGU $GTVJQNF 1TFGPU .CWV 8QNNG KP 8. 5 WPF -NGPCW KP )- 5 ++ YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIG UCOV -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\G -NCUUG WPF -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\G XGTNKGJGP

32


DEUTSCHLAND

89 (1:1)

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJGT 1TFGP XQO <·JTKPIGT .ÌYGP -NGKPQF \WO )TQ­MTGW\ 6[R OWVOC­NKEJG #P HGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC .WFYKI 2CCT \YKUEJGP EC WPF )GND WPF 4QVIQNF VNY HGKPUV ITCXKGTV WPF \KUGNKGTV GOCKNNKGTV )NCUHNW­ I HGKPUVG 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK \WUCOOGP OKV MNGKPGO -CTCDKPGTJC MGP \WO $GHGUVKIGP CO 5EJWNVGTDCPF WPF EC EO NCPIGO QTKIKPCNGO CNVGO WPMQPHGMVKQPKGTVGP 5EJWNVGTDCPF #DUEJPKVV $9- 1'- + ++ #WHITWPF FGT -QODKPCVKQP FGU UEJNCPMGP 6WTOU KO /GFCKNNQP FGT 8GT\KGTWPIGP FKG PKEJV ÒDGT FGP -TGW\GUTCPF JKPCWUTCIGP WPF FGT (WIG \YKUEJGP FGO UGKVNKEJ UKEJVDCTGP 4QVIQNF -QTRWU WPF FGO )GNDIQNF 4CJOGP FGT *CNVG TWPIGP HÒT FKG )NCUUVGKPG JCNVGP YKT FKGUGU 'ZGORNCT HÒT GKPG #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC .WFYKI 2CCT KP -CTNUTWJG CWU FGP GT ,CJTGP 8IN JKGT\W CWEJ 8. 5 WPF )- 5 ++ &GT \WP·EJUV FTGKMNCUUKIG 1TFGP YWTFG XQP )TQ­JGT\QI -CTN CO &G\GODGT IGUVKHVGV 'T GTHWJT KO .CWHG UGKPGU $GUVGJGPU \CJNTGKEJG 8GT·PFGTWPIGP WPF 'TYGKVGTWPIGP WPF #D DGUVCPF GT CWU -NCUUGP )QNFGPG -GVVG )TQ­MTGW\ -QOOCPFGWT WPF -NCUUG 4KVVGT WPF -NCUUG WPF FGO CHHKNKKGTVGP 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ #NNG -NCUUGP CW­GT FGO 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ MQPPVGP OKV 5EJYGT VGTP CD WPF CNU *ÌJGTUVWHWPI OKV 'KEJGPNCWD XGTNKGJGP YGTFGP /KV FGO 6JTQPXGT\KEJV )TQ­JGT\QI (TKGF TKEJU ++ KO 0QXGODGT GTNQUEJ CWEJ FGT 1TFGP

90

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJGT 1TFGP XQO <·JTKPIGT .ÌYGP $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­MTGW\ 6[R #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC % ( <KOOGTOCPP KP 2HQT\JGKO \YKUEJGP WPF 5KNDGT #WHNCIGP VNY )QNF GOCKN NKGTV CP 0CFGN $9- )- 1'- + ++ #WHITWPF FGT FWTEJDTQEJGPGP 5EJNCWHG FGT .QTDGGT\YGKIG WPF FGT )QNFGPGP #WHNCIGP JCNVGP YKT FKGUGU 'ZGORNCT HÒT GKPG #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC % ( <KOOGTOCPP KP 2HQT\JGKO \YKUEJGP WPF 8IN CWEJ )- 5 HH 33


DEUTSCHLAND

91 (1:1)

34


DEUTSCHLAND

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJGT 1TFGP XQO <·JTKPIGT .ÌYGP -QOOCPFGWTU 5GV OKV 5VGTP #PHGTVKIWPI XQP .WF YKI 4CWRR DGUVGJGPF CWU -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\ )QNF VNY HGKPUV \KUGNKGTV GOCKNNKGTV )NCUHNW­ OKV CDIGTWPFGVGP QDGTGP WPF WPVGTGP 'PFGP I HGKPUVG 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK MCWO UKEJVDCTGT 'OCKNNG #WU DTWEJ KO 4GXGTU /GFCKNNQP OKV MWT\GO CNVGP QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF #DUEJPKVV WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT VNY HGKPUV ITCXKGTV WPF \KUGNKGTV #WHNCIGP )QNF GOCKNNKGTV HGKPUVG 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GT UVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC . 4CWRR CP 0CFGN KO \GKVIGPÌUUKUEJGP QTKIKPCNGP GVYCU DGTKGDGPGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK <WUCOOGP OKV 1TFGPU &KRNQO HÒT FGP 1DGTUV KO )GPGTCNUVCD %CUVGNPCW #FLWVCPV FGU -CKUGTU FGT (TCP\QUGP FCVKGTV 5EJNQ­ /CKPCW CO #WIWUV OKV 2CRKGTUKGIGN WPF 1TKIKPCNWPVGT UEJTKHV )TQ­JGT\QI (TKGFTKEJU + GVYCU DGUEJ·FKIV WPF ªDGTUGPFWPIUUEJTGKDGP FGT $CFKUEJGP )GUCPFV UEJCHV KP 2CTKU FCVKGTV CO 5GRVGODGT WPF 1TFGPUUVCVWVGP XQP + ++ ªDGTTCIGPFGU 5GV KP GTNGUGPGT *GTUVGNNWPIUSWCNKV·V FKG +PUKIPKGP KP DGUVGT 'TJCNVWPI WPF XQP CNNGTITÌ­VGT 5GNVGPJGKV FCU )CP\G OKV JKUVQTKUEJGT 2TQXGPKGP\ *GPTK 2KGTTG ,GCP #DFQP %CUVGNPCW CDUQNXKGTVG GKPG TCUEJG -CTTKGTG KO HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP )GPGTCNUVCD WPF FKGPVG \WP·EJUV /CTUEJCNN $GTPCTF 2KGTTG /CIPCP WPF FCPP /CTUEJCNN ,GCP $CRVKUVG 2JKNKDGTV 8CKNNCPV

CNU #FLWVCPV DGXQT GT CNU 1DGTUV #FLWVCPV -CKUGT 0CRQNGQPU +++ -CKUGT XQP YWTFG +P FKGUGT (WPMVKQP XGTDNKGD GT KP\YKUEJGP &KXKUKQPU )GPGTCN DKU \WO 'PFG FGU &GWVUEJ (TCP\ÌUK UEJGP -TKGIGU XQP +O 8GTNCWH FGT 5EJNCEJV XQP 5GFCP CO 5GRVGODGT IGTKGVGP FKG HTCP\ÌUKUEJG #TOGG WPVGT /CTUEJCNN 2CVTKEG FG /CE /CJQP WPF -CKUGT 0CRQNGQP UGNDUV KP UVCTMG $GFT·PIPKU FWTEJ FKG FGWVUEJGP 6TWRRGP 0CRQ NGQP +++ GPVUCPFVG UGKPGP #FLWVCPVGP %CUVGNPCW CNU UGKPGP 8GTVTGVGT \WUCOOGP OKV FGO HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP )GPGTCN 'OOCPWGN (¾NKZ FG 9KORHHGP \W FGP UEJYKGTKIGP 8GTJCPFNWPIGP WO FKG -CRKVWNCVKQP FGT HTCP\ÌUK UEJGP #TOGG 0CEJ FGT -CRKVWNCVKQP WPF FGT )GHCPIGPPCJOG 0CRQNGQPU +++ DGINGKVGVG %CUVGNPCW FGP -CKUGT ÒDGT $GNIKGP KP FGWVUEJG -TKGIUIGHCPIGPUEJCHV PCEJ 5EJNQ­ 9KNJGNOUJÌJG DGK -CUUGN YQ DGKFG XQO 5GRVGODGT DKU \WO /·T\ XGTDNGKDGP OW­VGP 1DGP TGEJUV KUV GKPG \GKVIGPÌUUKUEJG 2QUVMCTVG \W UGJGP CWH FGT W C 0CRQNGQP +++ CO #TO XQP %CUVGNPCW KO )CTVGP XQP 5EJNQ­ 9KNJGNOUJÌJG \W UGJGP UKPF -NCWU * (GFGT UGK HÒT FKG ªDGTNCUUWPI FGT 2QUVMCTVG JGT\NKEJ IGFCPMV 0CEJ UGKPGT 4ÒEMMGJT ICD %CUVGNPCW FGP OKNKV·TKUEJGP &KGPUV CWH #WH FGT NKPMGP 2JQVQITCRJKG VT·IV %CUVGNPCW IGPCW FKGUGP $TWUVUVGTP CWH FGT TGEJVGP $TWUVUGKVG &CU 5GV -NCUUG OKV 5VGTP FGU RTGW­KUEJGP -TQPGP 1TFGPU FCU %CUVGNPCW XGTNKGJGP DGMQOOGP JCV HKPFGP 5KG \WUCOOGP OKV FGT 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG WPVGT -CV 0T

92 (1:1)

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJGT 1TFGP XQO <·JTKPIGT .ÌYGP 4KVVGTMTGW\ D\Y CD 4KVVGTMTGW\ + -NCUUG #PHGTVKIWPI XQP ,QUGRJ <WDGT \YKUEJGP WPF EC #WUHÒJTWPI OKV HNCEJGT JQTK\QPVCNGT ¤UG )GND WPF 4QVIQNF VNY GOCKNNKGTV )NCUHNW­ I HGKPUVG 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK $CPFTKPI YQJN GTI·P\V QJPG $CPF $9- 1'- + ++ &KGUG HTÒJGP 'ZGORNCTG UKPF PKEJV J·WHKI \W HKPFGP

35


DEUTSCHLAND

94 (1:1) 93 (1:1)

93 (1:1)

%KXKN 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG /QFGNN OKV FGO LÃ’PIGTGP 2QTVTCKV )TQ­JGT\QI (TKGFTKEJ + ņ 5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG #WUICDG OKV N·PIGTGT 5EJTKHV CWH FGO 4GXGTU ņ CO CNVGP 1TKIKPCNDCPF $9- 1'- 8. + ++ *GTXQTTCIGPFG 'TJCNVWPI .CWV 8QNNG KP 8. YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV 5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNGP XGTNKGJGP

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG /QFGNN OKV FGO ·NVGTGP 2QTVTCKV )TQ­JGT\QI (TKGFTKEJU + ņ -NGKPG )QNFGPG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG #WUICDG QJPG 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT 5KIPCVWT ņ )QNF I 4CPFFGNNG CO $CPF FGT /KNKV·TKUEJGP -CTN (TKGFTKEJ 8GTFKGPUV OGFCKNNG $9- 1'- 8. ++ .CWV 8QNNG KP 8. YWTFG FKGUG /GFCKNNG \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIUCOV /CN XGTNKGJGP

95 (1:1)

96 (1:1)

8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG UGKV /QFGNN OKV FGO ·NVGTGP 2QTVTCKV FGU )TQ­JGT\QIU (TKGFTKEJ ņ #WUICDG QJPG 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT 5KIPCVWT ņ 5KNDGT CO CNVGP GVYCU XGTHNGEMVGP $TWUVDCPF $9- 1'- ++ .CWV 8QNNG KP 8. YWTFG FKGUG /GFCKNNG \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV /CN XGTNKGJGP

8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG UGKV /QFGNN OKV FGO ·NVGTGP 2QTVTCKV FGU )TQ­JGT\QIU (TKGFTKEJ ņ #WUICDG QJPG 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT 5KIPCVWT ņ 5KNDGT CO CNVGP $TWUVDCPF FGT /KNK V·TKUEJGP -CTN (TKGFTKEJ 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG $9- 1'- ++ .CWV 8QNNG KP 8. 5 YWTFG FKGUG /GFCKNNG \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV /CN CO $CPFG FGT /KNKV·TKUEJGP -CTN (TKGFTKEJ 8GTFKGPUV /GFCKNNG XGTNKGJGP

97 (1:1)

98 (1:1)

97 (1:1)

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG /QFGNN OKV FGO 2QTVTCKV )TQ­JGT\QI (TKGFTKEJU ++ -NGKPG )QNFGPG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG #WUICDG )QNF I OKV 5VGO RGNUEJPGKFGT <GKEJGP 4 / OKV PGWGO $CPF $9- 1'- 8. ++ .CWV 8QNNG KP 8. 5 YWTFG FKGUG /GFCKNNG \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV /CN CO $CPFG FGT /KNKV·TKUEJGP -CTN (TKGFTKEJ 8GTFKGPUV /GFCKNNG XGTNKGJGP

36

(TKGFTKEJ .WKUGP /GFCKNNG $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV CO PKEJV MQTTGMVGP $TWUVDCPF $9- 1'- ++ .CWV <GKV\ KP << 5 YWTFG FKGUG /GFCKNNG \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV EC /CN XGTNKGJGP


DEUTSCHLAND

99 (1:1)

100 (1:1)

100 (1:1)

#WU\GKEJPWPI HÒT .GJTGTKPPGP 8QTUVGJGTKPPGP D\Y *CWUOÒVVGT XQP -KPFGTDGYCJT WPF 9CKUGP CPUVCNVGP WUY /GFCKNNG PCEJ &KGPUVLCJTGP #WUICDG OKV /QPQITCOO KP IGMTGW\VGP (TCMVWT $WEJUVCDGP XQP )TQ­JGT\QIKP .WKUG CWH FGO WPVGTGP -TGW\CTO QJPG ITCXKGTVG ,CJTGU\CJN 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV FCU -TGW\ OKVVGNU \YGK 4WPFMQRHPKGVGP CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG DGHGUVKIV OKV ITCXKGTVGO 0COGP FGT 6T·IGTKP (TKGFC *CTVOCPP CWH FGT ¤UG 2WP\GP HÒT GT 5KNDGT WPF *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G . $ FGT (KTOC .WFYKI $GTVUEJ KP -CTNUTWJG QJPG $CPF $9- 1'- 8. 44 ++ 'PVIGIGP CPFGTPQTVU IG·W­GTVGP WPDGNGIVGP $GJCWRVWPIGP JCPFGNV GU UKEJ JKGTDGK CWHITWPF FGU (GJNGPU FGT ,CJTGU \CJNGP PKEJV WO GKPG #WUHÒJTWPI HÒT DGUQPFGTG 8GTFKGPUVG UQPFGTP NCWV 8QNNG KP 8. 5 0T WO GKPG PQTOCNG #WUICDG PCEJ &KGPUVLCJTGP )GO·UU FGOUGNDGP #WVQT YWTFGP KP 8. 5 YWTFG FKGUG /GFCKNNG

NCWV FGT )GUEJKEJVG FGU $CFKUEJGP (TCWGPXGTGKPU -CTNUTWJG 5 \YKUEJGP FGO ,CJT KJTGT 5VKH VWPI WPF KPUIGUCOV PWT /CN XGTNKGJGP YQDGK LGYGKNU PKEJV IGPCPPV KUV QD HÒT QFGT HÒT &KGPUVLCJTG <YKUEJGP WPF XGTOGNFGP FKG $N·VVGT FGU $CFKUEJGP (TCWGPXGTGKPU PQEJ YGKVGTG XKGT 8GTNGKJWPIGP FGT /GFCKNNG HÒT &KGPUVLCJTG WPF HÒT &KGPUVLCJTG

$#;'40 -74(ª456'067/ $+5 70& -¤0+)4'+%*

8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGT $C[GTKUEJGP -TQPG $TWUVUVGTP \WO -QOVWTMTGW\ D\Y )TQ­MQOVWTMTGW\ UGKV &WTEJOGUUGT OO 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV WPF TGRGTEKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG XGTIQNFGV #WHNCIGP )QNF VNY DTKNNCPVKGTV VNY HGKPUV ITCXKGTV GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT *QHMWPUVCPUVCNV ,CEQD .GUGT KP 5VTCWDKPI CP 0CFGN 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV CWH FGT +PPGPUGKVG 5KNDGTRWP\G $9- 1'- 44 + ++ 9WPFGTUEJÌPGT WPF HGKPUV IGCTDGKVGVGT $TWUVUVGTP KP DGUVGT 'TJCNVWPI -NGPCW KP )- 5 IKDV HÒT FGP <GKVTCWO XQP DKU ,WPK PWT 8GTNGKJWPIGP CP )GUVKHVGV XQP -ÌPKI /CZKOKNKCP + ,QUGRJ UGKV *GT\QI XQP 2HCN\ <YGKDTÒEMGP -WTHÒTUV WPF -ÌPKI XQP $C[GTP OKV )GUGV\ XQO /CK CNU %KXKN 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGT $C[GTKUEJGP -TQPG KP FTGK -NCUUGP &KG DGTGKVU DGUVGJGPFG %KXKN 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG KP )QNF WPF 5KNDGT YWTFG FGO 1TFGP CHHKNKKGTV YWTFG FKG -NCUUG FGT )TQ­MQOVWTG GKPIGHÒJTV /KV UGKPGT 8GTNGKJWPI YCT FGT RGTUÌPNKEJG #FGN OKV FGT $G\GKEJPWPI 4KVVGT XQP XGTDWPFGP /KV FGT #WUTWHWPI FGU (TGKUVCCVGU $C[GTP FWTEJ -WTV 'KUPGT CO 0QXGODGT KO <WIG FGT 0Q XGODGT 4GXQNWVKQP WPF FGT (NWEJV -ÌPKI .WFYKIU +++ 2TKP\TGIGPV XQP DKU -ÌPKI XQP DKU YWTFGP FKG 8GTNGKJWPIGP GKPIGUVGNNV

37


DEUTSCHLAND

104

101 (1:1)

101 (1:1)

102

8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGT $C[GTKUEJGP -TQPG -QOVWTMTGW\ OCUUKXG #PHGTVKIWPI )QNF VNY HGKPUV ITCXKGTV WPF \KUGNKGTV GOCKNNKGTV I LG GKP PCJG\W WPUKEJVDCTGT UGJT QDGTHN·EJNKEJGT 'OCKNNG %JKR CWH \YGK #TO 8QTFGTUGKVGP CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP IGVTCIGPGP WPF GVYCU DGUEJ·FKIVGP *CNUDCPF $9- 1'- 444 ++ 'ZGORNCT XQP GTNGUGPGT #PHGTVKIWPIUSWCNKV·V CWU FGO GTUVGP 3WCTVCN FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU DGUVGEJGPF FWTEJ FKG UGJT RNCUVKUEJG #WUHÒJTWPI FGT FCU -TGW\ ÒDGTJÌJGPFGP -TQPG XQP JÌEJUVGT )TCXWT WPF <KUGNKGTMWPUV KP PCJG\W VCFGNNQUGT $GUVGTJCNVWPI 9GFGT -NGPCW KP )- PQEJ -NKPIDGKN KP -$ PQEJ 0KOOGTIWV KP 0+ DKNFGP GKP CWEJ PWT CPUCV\YGKUG XGTINGKEJDCTGU 'ZGORNCT CD -ÌPKINKEJGT /KNKV·T 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG \WO -QOVWTMTGW\ HÒT FGP -ÌPKINKEJ +VCNKGPK UEJGP -QTXGVVGP -CRKV·P )TCH 6JCQP FK 4GXGN (NÒIGNCFLWVCPV FGU -ÌPKIU XQP +VCNKGP FCVKGTV /ÒPEJGP CO ,CPWCT OKV 2CRKGTUKGIGN WPF 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV FGU 1TFGPUMCP\NGTU \YGKOCN IGHCNVGV ++ 9GKVGTG &QMWOGPVG FGU UR·VGTGP )TQ­CFOKTCNU /CTKPGOKPKUVGTU WPF 2T·UKFGPVGP FGU 5GPCVU FGU -ÌPKITGKEJU 2CQNQ 6JCQP FK 4GXGN *GT\QIU FGN /CTG UKGJG -CV 0T WPF 9GKVGTG +PHQTOCVKQPGP \W FKGUGT DGFGWVGPFGP KVCNKGPKUEJGP 2GTUÌPNKEJMGKV UKGJG #POGTMWPIGP \W -CV 0T /KNKV·T 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ FGU -ÌPKINKEJGP /KNKV·T 8GTFKGPUVQTFGPU /QFGNN -TGW\ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP XGTUKNDGTV VNY GOCKNNKGTV CO GVYCU UR·VGTGP $TWUVDCPF $9- 1'- ++

38

5V #PPGP 1TFGP -TGW\ FGU 5V #PPGP 5VKHVU \W /ÒPEJGP ·NVGTG MNGKPGTG #WUHÒJTWPI Z OO )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I HGKPUVG 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK OKP *CCTTKUUG WPF 'OCKNNG 5EJ·FGP CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP MQPHGMVKQPKGTVGP 5EJWNVGTDCPF OKV 5KNDGTHTCPUGP $9- 1'- 4 ++


DEUTSCHLAND

105 (1:1)

106 (1:1)

<KXKNXGTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG /QFGNN OKV 2QTVTCKV -ÌPKI /CZ + ,QUGRJ #WUICDG <YGKIG OKV 5EJNGKHG 5KNDGT OKV 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT 5KIPCVWT .15%* UVCTM RCVKPKGTV CP VTQRHGPHÌTOKIGT ¤UG QJPG $CPF $9- 1'- ++

/KNKV·T 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG D\Y CD /·T\ 6CRHGTMGKVUOGFCKNNG /QFGNN OKV 2QTVTCKV XQP -ÌPKI /CZ + ,QUGRJ ņ CD #WUHÒJTWPI ITQ­GT -QRH 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT , 4+'5 ņ )QNF I &WTEJOGUUGT OO &KEMG OO OKV TWPFGT ¤UG FKGUG OKV #W­GPFWTEJOGU UGT OO WPF +PPGPFWTEJOGUUGT OO +O #XGTU WPF 4GXGTU (GNF RQNKGTDGFKPIVG 5EJCVVKGTWPIGP UQYKG 4CPFFGNNG KO 4GXGTU CWH UKGDGP 7JT QJPG $CPFTKPI WPF QJPG $CPF $9- 1'- ++

107 (1:1)

$4#705%*9'+) *'4<1)67/ $+5

*GT\QINKEJ $TCWPUEJYGKIKUEJGT 1TFGP *GKPTKEJU FGU .ÌYGP $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­MTGW\ ·NVGUVGT 6[R QDNQPI OKV TQV IGHÒVVGTVGT -TQPG Z OO DTKNNCPVKGTVG #WUHÒJTWPI 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV #WHNCIGP VNY )GND WPF 4QVIQNF VNY HGKPUV ITCXKGTV GOCKNNKGTV CP XGTIQNFGVGT 0CFGN $9- 1'- 44 ++ 'ZGORNCT CWU WPUGTGT #WMVKQP CO ,WPK -CV 0T 'U JCPFGNV UKEJ JKGTDGK WO FGP ·NVGUVGP 6[R FGU $TWUVUVGTPU FGT OWVOC­NKEJ XQO JGT\QINKEJGP *QHLWYGNKGT #WIWUV .GOOG KP $TCWPUEJYGKI CPIGHGTVKIV YQTFGP KUV .GOOG HGTVKIVG \YKUEJGP WPF CNNG +PUKIPKGP FGU 1TFGPU YQDGK GT NCWV 4GEMGYGNN KP 49 5 UGEJ\GJP UGEJU PGWP GKPGP UGEJU WPF LGYGKNU \YGK UKGDGP WPF PQEJ GKPOCN UGEJU $TWUVUVGTPG CNUQ KPUIGUCOV 'ZGORNCTG IGNKGHGTV JCV YQXQP KP FKG GTUVGP ,CJTG \YKUEJGP WPF GPVHCNNGP 'U MCPP CPIGPQOOGP YGTFGP FC­ FKG DTKNNCP VKGTVGP #WUHÒJTWPIGP /KVINKGFGTP FGT JGT\QINKEJGP (COKNKG D\Y /KVINKGFGTP CPFGTGT UQWXGT·PGT WPF HÒTUVNKEJGT *·WUGT XQTDGJCNVGP YCTGP

39


DEUTSCHLAND

109 108

Herzoglich Braunschweigischer Orden Heinrich des Löwen. 4KVVGTMTGW\ ++ -NCUUG 5KNDGT FKG /QPQITCOOG 5KNDGTIW­ GOCKNNKGTV 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK FKGUG VNY GVYCU DGTKGDGP OKP #DRNCV\WPIGP KP FGT ITÒPGP 'OCKNNG FGT .QTDGGT\YGKIG CO UR·VGTGP $CPF $9- 1'- ++ 'PVURTGEJGPF FGP <WUEJTGKDWPIGP DGK -NGPCW KP )- 5 ++ KUV FKG 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK FGP 5VÒEMGP FGU .KGHGTCPVGP 9KNJGNO -CWUEJG \W\WQTFPGP FKG XQP FGT (KTOC . *GKPGOCPP KP *CODWTI JGTIGUVGNNV WPF DKU 'PFG IGNKGHGTV YQTFGP UKPF .CWV 4GEMGYGNN KP 49 5 NKGHGTVG -CWUEJG XQP DKU KPUIGUCOV PWT 4KVVGTMTGW\G ++ -NCUUG YQXQP CWH FCU ,CJT GPVHKGNGP CWH WPF CWH

Herzoglich Braunschweigischer Orden Heinrichs des Löwen. )QNFGPGU 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ 5KNDGT XGT IQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG GT 5KNDGTRWP\G WPF *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G *, FGT (KTOC *GT OCPP ,ÒTIGPU CP )TQ­GT INCVVGT 'KPGT 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG OKV TÒEMUGKVKIGO #DFGEMVWEJ WPF 0CFGN $9- 1'- 49 R ++ 5EJQP CD YWTFGP NCWV 4GEMGYGNN KP 49 5 FKG +PUKIPKGP FGU 1TFGPU KP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV JGTIGUVGNNV 0CEJ FGO NCWV 4GEMGYGNN C C 1 FGT .KGHGTXGTVCI OKV FGT (KTOC %CTN 5KGDTGEJV \WO #RTKN YGIGP WPTGGNNGO *CPFGNP HTKUVNQU CWHIGJQDGP YQTFGP YCT GTVGKNVG FCU DTCWPUEJYGKIKUEJG 5VCCVUOKPKUVGTKWO FGP #WHVTCI \WT .KGHG TWPI XQP 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP CP FGP *QHLWYGNKGT *GTOCPP ,ÒTIGPU &KGUGT NKGHGTVG NCWV -NGPCW KP )- 5 ++ \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV PWT )QNFGPG 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\G KP XGTIQNFGVGO 5KNDGT YQDGK KO INGK EJGP <GKVTCWO 8GTNGKJWPIGP FKGUGT 5VWHG GTHQNIVGP &KG &KHHGTGP\ \YKUEJGP *GTUVGNNWPIU WPF 8GTNGKJWPIU\CJN GTMN·TV UKEJ FWTEJ FKG 9KGFGTXGTNGKJWPI \WTÒEMIGIGDGPGT 'ZGORNCTG HTÒJGTGT *GTUVGNNGT

110 (1:1)

111 (1:1)

110 (1:1)

Civil-Verdienstmedaille 1815. 5KNDGT OKV 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT 5KIPCVWTGP .'%.'4% ( WPF .'8'37' '& OKV CNV TGUVCWTKGTVGT ¤UG CP #ITCHHG CO CNVGP XCTKCPVGP $TWUVDCPF OKV $CPFURCPIG $9- (-/ 0+ 1'- 49 RRRR ++ +P FKGUGT (QTO GKP 7PKMCV )GPCW FKGUG /GFCKNNG KUV DGK 0KOOGTIWV KP 0+ 5 0T CDIGDKNFGV LGFQEJ QJPG #PICDG FGU 5VCPFQTVGU QFGT FGT *GTMWPHV FGU $KNFGU .CWV (KPMCO KP (-/ 5 0T YWTFG FKG /GFCKNNG PWT FTGK /CN XGTNKGJGP 0KOOGTIWV PGPPV KP 0+ 5 0T UKGDGP 8QTMQOOGP FGT /GFCKNNG #WHITWPF FGT CNVGP HCEJIGO·­GP 4GRCTCVWT FÒTHVG GU UKEJ OKV JQJGT 5KEJGTJGKV DGK FGO JKGT CPIGDQVGPGP 5VÒEM WO GKPGU FGT FTGK XGTNKG JGPGP 'ZGORNCTG JCPFGNP

Militär-Verdienstmedaille 1815. #WUHÒJTWPI OKV JQTK\QPVCN CPIGDTCEJVGT ¤UG 5KNDGT OKV 5VGORGN UEJPGKFGT 5KIPCVWTGP .'%.'4% ( WPF .'8'37' '& CO CNVGP 1TKIKPCNDCPF $9- (-/ 1'- 49 RRR ++ 5GJT UEJÌPG /GFCKNNG OKV RNCUVKUEJ CWUIGHÒJTVGO 2QTVTCKV

40


DEUTSCHLAND

112 (1:1)

112 (1:1) 1,5:1

9CVGTNQQ 'JTGP &WMCV )QNF &WTEJOGUUGT OO GVYCU IGYGNNV CP IQNFGPGT $CPFTCJG CO UR·VG TGP LGFQEJ CNVGP GVYCU DGUEJ·FKIVGP $TWUVDCPF OKV CNVGT 5KEJGTJGKVUPCFGN 1'- 49 4444 ++ +++ *GT\QI (TKGFTKEJ 9KNJGNO XQP $TCWPUEJYGKI 9QNHGPDÒVVGN 1GNU FGT CO ,WPK \YGK 6CIG XQT FGT 5EJNCEJV XQP 9CVGTNQQ KP FGT 5EJNCEJV DGK 3WCVTG $TCU IGHCNNGPG 4GIGPV FGU *GT\QIVWOU JCVVG MWT\ \WXQT UGKPGP DGKFGP 5ÌJPGP FGP 2TKP\GP %CTN WPF 9KNJGNO CEJV PKGFGTN·PFKUEJG &WMCVGP FGU ,CJTGU IGUEJGPMV &KGUG CEJV /ÒP\GP UCPFVGP UKG PCEJ FGT 5EJNCEJV DGK 9CVGTNQQ CP FCU DTCWPUEJYGKIKUEJG 6TWRRGPMQOOCPFQ \WT 8GTYGPFWPI CNU #WU\GKEJPWPI HÒT 7PVGTQHHK\KGTG WPF 5QNFCVGP FKG Y·JTGPF FGT )GHGEJVG XQO DKU ,WPK DGUQPFGTU VCRHGT IGM·ORHV JCVVGP &KG 8GTNGKJWPI FGT /GFCKNNGP HCPF CO #WIWUV XQT FGO IGUCOVGP 6TWRRGPMQTRU DGK %NKEJ[ XQT 2CTKU UVCVV .CWV 8GTQTFPWPI *GT\QI 9KNJGNOU XQP $TCWPUEJYGKI XQO ,WPK GTJKGNVGP UGEJU FGT $GNKGJGPGP \YGK YCTGP KP\YKUEJGP XGTUVQTDGP FCU PGW IGUVKHVGVG 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ -NCUUG FGU *GT\QINKEJ $TCWPUEJYGKIKUEJGP 1TFGPU *GKPTKEJU FGU .ÌYGP YQDGK FGT 'JTGPFWMCV CD\WNGIGP YCT CDGT XQP FGP $GNKGJGPGP DGJCNVGP YGTFGP FWTHVG &CU JKGT CPIGDQVGPG 'ZGORNCT FKGUGT GZVTGO UGNVGPGP #WU\GKEJPWPI GPVURTKEJV KP UGKPGT #WHJ·PIWPI \YKUEJGP /ÒP\G WPF 4CJG PKEJV FGO DGK 0KOOGTIWV 0+ 5 H 0T CDIGDKNFGVGP 5VÒEM UGJT YQJN CDGT KP CNNGP &GVCKNU FGT #WHJ·PIWPI FGO DGK 4GEMGYGNN WPF (KUEJGT 49 5 #DD WPF IG\GKIVGP 'ZGORNCT

113 (1:1)

114 (1:1)

/GFCKNNG \WO L·JTKIGP ,WDKN·WO FGU $TCWPUEJYGKIKUEJGP +PHCPVGTKG 4GIKOGPVU 0T WPF FGU $TCWPUEJYGKIKUEJGP *WUCTGP 4GIKOGPVU 0T UQIGP 6QVGPMQRH *WUCTGP KO ,CJT $TQP\G CO $TWUVDCPF FKGUGU GVYCU XGTUEJOWV\V 0-8 QFGT 75 ++

*#0018'4 -74(ª456'067/ $+5 70& -¤0+)4'+%*

-ÌPKINKEJGT )WGNRJGP 1TFGP -TGW\ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP #WUHÒJTWPI OKV /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI )GQTIU +++ WPF FGT ,CJTGU\CJN /&%%%:8 5KNDGT 4GXGTU /GFCKNNQP )QNF VNY GOCKNNKGTV 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK #DRNCV\WPIGP KP FGT ITÒPGP 'OCKNNG FGT .QTDGGTMT·P\G OKV MWT\GO $CPFUVÒEM $9- )- XCT 1'- ++ .CWV -NGPCW KP )- 5 ++ YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV -TGW\G -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP XGTNKGJGP

41


DEUTSCHLAND

115 (1:1)

'TPUV #WIWUV 1TFGP $TWUVUVGTP \WO -QOVWTMTGW\ -NCUUG 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV WPF TGRGTEKGTV /G FCKNNQP VNY XGTIQNFGV ITCXKGTV HNKPMKGTV WPF GOCKNNKGTV /QPQITCOO )QNF VNY \KUGNKGTV OKP MCWO UKEJVDCTG #DURNKVVGTWPI KO /GFCKNNQP 4KPI CWH FGO 4GXGTU /GFCKNNQP *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G (4 FGT (KTOC 4QVJG WPF )CTCPVKGRWP\G HÒT GT 5KNDGT XQP DKU CP 0CFGN FKGUG IGUVGORGNV % ( 416*' WPF 9+'0 UQYKG OKV FTGK # 2WP\GP $9- )- 1'- 44 ++ 'KPG DTKVKUEJG /KNKV·TKUEJG #NNIGOGKPG (GNF\WIU /GFCKNNG =/KNKVCT[ )GPGTCN 5GTXKEG /GFCN? HÒT 5 5EJPKIIGPDGTI XQO .GKEJVGP &TCIQPGT 4GIKOGPV FGT -ÌPKINKEJ )TQ­DTKVCPPKUEJGP &GWVUEJGP .GIKQP =-KPI U )GTOCP .GIKQP - ) . ? OKV FGT PWT GKPOCN CP FKGUGU 4GIKOGPV XGTNKGJGPGP )G HGEJVUURCPIG %+7&#& 41&4+)1 HKPFGP 5KG WPVGT -CV 0T

116

117

118

9KNJGNOUOGFCKNNG /QFGNN OKV -QRH -ÌPKI 9KNJGNOU +8 ņ 5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG HÒT &KGPUVLCJTG 5KNDGT QJPG $CPF OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJ PGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DGHGUVKIV $9- 1'- ++ &CU 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP EC WPF WPF YWTFG NCWV #PICDG CO (GDTWCT XQP GKPGO *GTTP 1EMGN GTYQTDGP

9KNJGNOUOGFCKNNG <YGK 'ZGORNCTG /QFGNN OKV MNGKPGTGO -QRH -ÌPKI 'TPUV #WIWUVU ņ /QFGNN OKV ITÌ­GTGO -QRH -ÌPKI 'TPUV #WIWUVU ņ LGYGKNU 5KNDGT QJPG $CPF \WUCOOGP OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DGHGUVKIV $9- 1'- ++ &KG 'ZGORNCTG UVCOOGP CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU

*'55'0 &#4/56#&6 70& $'+ 4*'+0 .#0&)4#(5%*#(6 $+5 70& )4155*'4<1)67/

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ *GUUKUEJGT 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP 2JKNKRRU FGU )TQ­OÒVJKIGP DKU /QFGNN OKV FGT (KIWT FGU .CPFITCHGP 2JKNKRR ņ &COGPDTQUEJG WPVGT 8GTYGPFWPI GKPGU #XGTU /GFCKN NQPU GKPGU -NGKPQFU \WO )TQ­MTGW\ Z OO 5KNDGT HGKPUVG 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK FKGUG GVYCU DGTKG DGP DTQUEJKGTV ++ *QEJKPVGTGUUCPVGU $GNGIUVÒEM HÒT FKG KO 1TKIKPCN JQEJUGNVGPGP WPF PCJG\W PKEJV DGUEJCHHDCTGP 1TKIKPCNKPUKIPKGP

42


DEUTSCHLAND

121

119

120

122

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ *GUUKUEJGT 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP 2JKNKRRU FGU )TQ­OÒVJKIGP DKU D\Y )TQ­ JGT\QINKEJ *GUUKUEJGT 2JKNKRRU 1TFGP /QFGNN OKV FGT $ÒUVG FGU .CPFITCHGP 2JKNKRR ņ 4KVVGTMTGW\ D\Y CD 4KVVGTMTGW\ -NCUUG )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I OKV $CPFTKPI OKV CNVGO $CPF KO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP QMVQIQPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK $9- 1'- + ++ -TGW\ WPF 'VWK KP JGTXQTTCIGPFGT 'TJCNVWPI

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ *GUUKUEJGT 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP 2JKNKRRU FGU )TQ­OÒVJKIGP DKU D\Y )TQ­ JGT\QINKEJ *GUUKUEJGT 2JKNKRRU 1TFGP /QFGNN OKV FGT $ÒUVG FGU .CPFITCHGP 2JKNKRR ņ 4KVVGTMTGW\ D\Y CD 4KVVGTMTGW\ -NCUUG )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I OKV $CPFTKPI OKP 4GUVCWTKGTWPIGP KO .ÌYGP FGU 4GXGTU /GFCKNNQPU $CPFTKPI GTI·P\V 5KNDGT CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP FWTEJ GKPG 0CFGN OKP DGUEJ·FKIVGO $TWUVDCPF $9- 1'- ++

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ JGUUKUEJGT -COOGTJGTTGP 5EJNÒUUGN YQJN CWU FGT 4GIKGTWPIU\GKV .WFYKIU + OO NCPI $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV ++ &KGUGT 5EJNÒUUGN YGKUV DKU CWH FGP 5EJNÒUUGNDCTV ITQ­G JPNKEJMGKV OKV GKPGO DGK &WYG KP &9' 5 QDGP CDIGDKNFGVGP -COOGTJGTTGP 5EJNÒUUGN CWU FGT 4GIKGTWPIU\GKV .CPFITCH .WFYKIU : D\Y )TQ­JGT\QI .WFYKIU +

TGI UGKV )TQ­JGT\QI CD CWH +PVGTGUUCPVGTYGKUG YGKUV FGT XQTNKGIGPFG 5EJNÒUUGN ITQ­G IGUVCNVGTKUEJG JPNKEJMGKV OKV GKPGO DGK &WYG KP &9' 5 QDGP IG\GKIVGP -·OOGTGT 5EJNÒUUGN FGU )TQ­JGT\QIVWOU 9ÒT\DWTI CWU FGP ,CJTGP DKU CWH 5QICT FKG ITQ­JGT\QINKEJG -TQPG WPF FGT 5EJNÒUUGNDCTV UKPF INGKEJ IGUVCNVGV #NNGKP FCU /QPQITCOO ( )TQ­JGT\QI (GTFKPCPFU 'T\JGT\QIU XQP ¤UVGTTGKEJ KUV WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJ \WO /QPQITCOO . HÒT .WFYKI #WHITWPF FKGUGT ITQ­GP JPNKEJMGKV OKV FGO 9ÒT\DWTIGT 'ZGORNCT FCVKGTGP YKT FGP JKGT CPIGDQVGPGP 5EJNÒUUGN KP FKG GTUVGP ,CJTG FGT 4GIKGTWPI .WFYKIU : + CNU )TQ­JGT\QI XQP *GUUGP CNUQ KP FKG ,CJTG \YKUEJGP WPF EC

*'55'0 -#55'. .#0&)4#(5%*#(6 $+5 70& $+5 70& -74(ª456'067/

/WVOC­NKEJ KPQHHK\KGNNGU &KGPUV #WU\GKEJPWPIU -TGW\ YQJN (TKGFTKEJ 9KNJGNOU ++ XQP *GUUGP -CUUGN &TKVVG #WUHÒJTWPI FGU RTGW­KUEJGP &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPIU -TGW\GU HÒT CMVKXG 1HHK\KGTG OKV UGJT HGKP IGMÌTPVGP -TGW\CTOGP ņ EC DKU EC $WPVOGVCNN FKG FTKVVG + FGU 4GXGTU /QPQITCOOU VNY GPVHGTPV FGWVNKEJG 6TCIGURWTGP QJPG $CPF +++ &KG KO /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI (TKGFTKEJ 9KNJGNOU +++ FGU 5VKHVGTU FGT #WU\GKEJPWPI VNY GPVHGTPVG FTKVVG + OCEJV FCTCWU GKP /QPQITCOO ( 9 ++ FCU LGFQEJ PKEJV HÒT -ÌPKI (TKGFTKEJ 9KNJGNO ++ UVGJGP MCPP #NU OÌINKEJG $G\WIURGTUQPGP MQOOGP KO <GKVTCWO FGT 'PVUVGJWPI FKGUGU -TGW\GU PWT \YGK 2GTUQPGP KP (TCIG (TKGF TKEJ 9KNJGNO ++ .CPFITCH WPF 6KVWNCT -WTHÒTUV CD XQP *GUUGP -CUUGN WPF (TKGFTKEJ 9KNJGNO ++ )TQ­JGT\QI XQP /GEMNGPDWTI 5VTGNKV\ #WHITWPF FGT UGJT GKPHCEJ CWUIGHÒJTVGP 8GT·PFGTWPI JCNVGP YKT FKGUGU 'ZGORNCT HÒT GKPG KPQHHK\KGNNG #WUHÒJTWPI GKPGU 1HHK\KGTU (TKGFTKEJ 9KNJGNOU ++ XQP *GUUGP -CUUGN

43


DEUTSCHLAND

123 (1:1)

125 (1:1)

125 (1:1) 124

(ª456'06ª/'4 $+5 *1*'0<1..'40 *'%*+0)'0 70& *1*'0<1..'40 5+)/#4+0)'0 70& (ª456.+%*' (#/+.+' 810 *1*'0<1..'40 5+)/#4+0)'0 5'+6 D\Y

(ÒTUVNKEJGT *CWUQTFGP XQP *QJGP\QNNGTP /QFGNN UGKV 'JTGPMTGW\ + -NCUUG $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC 2CWN /G[DCWGT KP $GTNKP CP 0CFGN 1'- XCT 44 ++ +P $TQP\G UGNVGP 'U FÒTHVG UKEJ JKGTDGK WO GKPG #PHGTVKIWPI CWU FGP GT QFGT GT ,CJTGP JCPFGNP .CWV .KPM WPF )CWIIGN KP .0- 5 YWTFGP KP FGT 4GIKGTWPIU\GKV (ÒTUV 9KNJGNOU \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV 'JTGPMTGW\G + -NCUUG WPF KP FGT 4GIKGTWPIU\GKV (ÒTUV (TKGFTKEJU \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV 'JTGPMTGW\G + -NCUUG XGTNKGJGP

,WDKN·WOU 'TKPPGTWPIUCD\GKEJGP 5KNDGTIW­ 5KNDGT CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG 5KNDGTRWP\G CP 0CFGN .0- 1'- ++ &CU #D\GKEJGP YWTFG XQP (ÒTUV (TKGFTKEJ XQP *QJGP\QNNGTP CWU #PNC­ UGKPGU L·JTKIGP ,WDKN·WOU CNU 1DGTJCWRV FGT HÒTUVNKEJGP (COKNKG *QJGP\QNNGTP 5KIOCTKPIGP CO 1MVQDGT IGUVKHVGV WPF CP (GUVI·UVG DGK FGP ,WDKN·WOUHGKGTNKEJMGKVGP XGTIGDGP

.+/$74) 56;47/ *'445%*#(6 70& )4 (.+%*' (#/+.+' <7 .+/$74) 56;47/

1TFGP FGU JN 2JKNKRR XQO .ÌYGP XQP .KODWTI /QFGNN ! 4KVVGTMTGW\ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV /GFCKNNQP <GPVTGP YQJN )QNF 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK GKPKIG YKP\KIG 'OCKNNG #DRNCV\WPIGP CO MWT\GP CNVGP $CPFUVÒEM 6# 44 ++ 'ZGORNCT KP UGNVGP IWVGT 'TJCNVWPI 2JKNKRR (GTFKPCPF )TCH XQP .KODWTI 5V[TWO UVKHVGVG KO ,CJTG FGP FTGKMNCUUKIGP FGO #FGN XQTDG JCNVGPGP 4KVVGTQTFGP XQO #NVGP #FGN QFGT FGT 8KGT 4ÌOKUEJGP -CKUGT WPF HÒT 0KEJVCFNKIG FGP 1TFGP XQP 5V 2JKNKRR XQO .ÌYGP XQP *QNUVGKP FGUUGP 5VCVWVGP CO ,CPWCT KP 9KNJGTOUFQTH GTUEJKGPGP UKPF /QFGNN GTUEJKGP KP #XKIPQP GKPG /KVINKGFGTNKUVG 0CEJ FGO 6QF 2JKNKRR (GTFKPCPFU YWTFG FGT 1TFGP \WP·EJUV PKEJV YGKVGTIGHÒJTV 0CEJ FGT GPFIÒNVKIGP 4GUVCWTCVKQP FGU -ÌPKIVWOU KP (TCPMTGKEJ YWTFG FGT 1TFGP XQP OGJTGTGP GJGOCNKIGP /KVINKGFGTP YKGFGTDGNGDV /QFGNN /KV 1TFQPPCP\ -ÌPKI .WFYKI :8+++ TGI WPF UGKV XQO #RTKN YWTFGP FKG 8GTICDG WPF FCU 6TCIGP CNNGT PKEJVUVCCVNKEJGP 1TFGP WPVGT UVTGPIG 5VTCHG IGUVGNNV ,QUGRJ 4 . -GTEMJQHH /KNKV·TCT\V KP /GEJGNP DGNGDVG FGP 1TFGP KO ,CJTG PGW /QFGNN VTCV CDGT XQP UGKPGO 8QTJCDGP \WTÒEM 'KP 2QNG FGT WPVGT FGO 0COGP )TCH /[T\KPQYUMKŌ KP 5VWVVICTV CWHVCWEJVG GTTGIVG FQTV /K­HCNNGP WPF \QI PCEJ 2CTKU YGKVGT &QTV PCPPVG GT UKEJ #NGZCPFGT )QP\CIC *GT\QI XQP /CPVWCŌ 0GDGP CPFGTGP UVKHVGVG GT CWEJ FKGUGP 1TFGP WPVGT FGT $G\GKEJPWPI 1TFGP FGU JN 2JKNKRR XQO .ÌYGP XQP .KODWTI PGW /QFGNN &CU #PPWCKTG FG NC 0QDNGUUG FG (TCPEG RWDNK\KGTVG <YGKHGN CP FGT 'EJVJGKV FGU *GT\QIU FGT -NCIG GTJQD &GT 2TQ\G­ \QI UKEJ KP FKG .·PIG FC FGT *GT\QI KP\YKUEJGP DGK FGO 2T·UKFGPVGP $QPCRCTVG XGTMGJTVG 'T GPFGVG GTUV OKV UGKPGT 8GTWTVGKNWPI FWTEJ FCU 6TKDWPCN FG %QTTGEVKQP FG 2CTKU KO ,WNK \W FTGK ,CJTGP <WEJVJCWU YGIGP *QEJUVCRGNGK WPF 1TFGPUUEJYKPFGNU 0CEJ 8GTDÒ­WPI FGT 5VTCHG YCT UGKPG #MVKXKV·V WPIGDTQEJGP GT YWTFG WPVGT CPFGTGO XKGN KP FGWVUEJGP $·FGTP IGUGJGP DKU GT UEJNKG­NKEJ CO ,WNK KP 'PINCPF UVCTD 5GKPG 1TFGP YWTFGP XQP UGKPGO CPIGDNKEJGP 5QJP (TCP¼QKU #PVQKPG )QP\CIC PQEJ GKPG <GKVNCPI YGKVGTIGHÒJTV 8IN CWEJ $KGFGPHGNF KP $+ 5 HH WPF #WVGPITWDGT WPF 6COOCPP KP 6# 5 HH WPF 5

44


DEUTSCHLAND

126 (1:1)

.+22' &'6/1.& (ª456'067/ $+5

(ÒTUVNKEJ .KRRKUEJGT *CWUQTFGP /QFGNN CD 1HHK\KGTUGJTGPMTGW\ CD #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC , )QFGV 5QJP KP $GTNKP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV FGWVNKEJG 'OCKNNG 5EJ·FGP KO /G FCKNNQP 4KPI WPF KP FGT 4QUG *CCTTK­ CWH FGO NKPMGP -TGW\CTO CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJ PWPI )1&'6 WPF 5KNDGTRWP\G $9- 1'- 44 +++ +8 6TQV\ FGU FGWVNKEJ GKPIGUEJT·PMVGP 'TJCNVWPIU\WUVCPFU GKP UGNVGPGU QTKIKPCNGU $GNGI 'ZGORNCT FCU UKEJ W 7 CWEJ YKGFGT TGUVCWTKGTGP N·­V .CWV 5EJYCTM KP 5- 5 KUV FKGUG -NCUUG \YKUEJGP WPF PWT /CN XGTNKGJGP YQTFGP #O #RTKN YWTFG WPVGT 9QNFGOCT (ÒTUV \WT .KRRG FGT UEJCWODWTIKUEJ NKRRKUEJG *CWUQTFGP CDIGVTGPPV FCU DKUJGTKIG /QPQITCOO FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG .# FWTEJ . GTUGV\V FKG DKUJGTKIG -NCUUGPGKPVGKNWPI =5VGTP WPF %QTFQP HÒT FGP (ÒTUVGP -NCUUGP YQDGK FKG -NCUUG KP \YGK )TCFGP XGTNKGJGP YWTFG OKV WPF QJPG 'KEJGP NCWD WPF UVWHKIGU 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ KP )QNF WPF 5KNDGT ? #O /CK YWTFGP FKG +PUKIPKGP HÒT FKG (ÒTUVKP GKPIGHÒJTV WPF CO /CK CWEJ FKG -NCUUG KP \YGK )TCFG WPVGTVGKNV OKV WPF QJPG 'KEJGPNCWD UQYKG GKP \YKUEJGP FGT -NCUUG WPF FGO )QNFGPGP 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ CPIGUKGFGNVGU <KXKN 'JTGPMTGW\ #O /CK YWTFG FGT 8GTNGKJWPI FGU 5VGTPU PGDUV %QTFQP CWEJ CP HTGOFG 5QWXGT·PG WPF 2TKP\GP UQWXGT·PGT *·WUGT GTOÌINKEJV #O /CK YWTFG CP 5VGNNG FGT DKUJGTKIGP -NCUUG OKV 'KEJGPNCWD FCU 1HHK\KGTUGJTGPMTGW\ IGUVKHVGV WPF CO ,WPK FGU INGKEJGP ,CJTGU FCU <KXKN 'JTGPMTGW\ KP 'JTGPMTGW\ -NCUUG #DVGKNWPI WODGPCPPV /KV FGT #D UEJCHHWPI FGT /QPCTEJKG KO 0QXGODGT YWTFGP CWEJ FKG 8GTNGKJWPIGP FGU 1TFGPU GKPIGUVGNNV CNNGTFKPIU NGDV FGT 1TFGP CNU TGKPGT *CWUQTFGP YGKVGT

128 (1:1)

128 (1:1) 127 (1:1)

(ÒTUVNKEJ .KRRKUEJGT *CWUQTFGP /QFGNN CD <KXKNGJTGPMTGW\ D\Y 'JTGPMTGW\ -NCUUG ++ #DVGKNWPI CD #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC % ( <KOOGTOCPP KP 2HQT\JGKO 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF $9- 1'- 4 + ++ 8GTNKGJGP CO ,WPK XQP (ÒTUV .GQRQNF XQP .KRRG CP FGP (CDTKMDGUKV\GT WPF &KTGMVQT 'TKEJ 9CNNJGKOGT KP $TGOGP &KG WOHCPITGKEJG #WU\GKEJPWPIUITWRRG XQP 'TKEJ 9CNNJGKOGT WPF UGKPGT (TCW *GNGPG HKPFGP 5KG WPVGT -CV 0T .CWV 5EJYCTM KP 5- 5 KUV FKGUG -NCUUG \YKUEJGP WPF PWT /CN XGTNKGJGP YQTFGP

5%*#7/$74) .+22' (ª456'067/ $+5

8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG /QFGNN 5KNDGTPG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG #WUICDG OKV 5VGORGN UEJPGKFGT 5KIPCVWT -7..4+%* 5KNDGT \YGK FGWVNKEJG 4CPFUEJN·IG WPF OGJTGTG 4CPFFGNNEJGP CO 1TKIKPCNDCPF $9- 1'- ++ +++ 'ZGORNCT CWU WPUGTGT #WMVKQP XQO ,WPK -CV 0T 'Z 5COONWPI (TKGFJGNO $G[TGK­ $TGOGP 5QOOGT HÒJTV KP 2(' 5 CWU FC­ FGT *QHLWYGNKGT %CTN $ÒUEJ KP *CPPQXGT OKV FGP XQP (TKGFTKEJ 9KNJGNO -WNNTKEJ IGNKGHGTVGP 5VGORGNP 5KNDGTOGFCKNNGP CPIGHGTVKIV JCV 'U FÒTHVGP LGFQEJ OGJT 'ZGORNCTG FKGUGT /GFCKNNG IGRT·IV YQTFGP UGKP

45


DEUTSCHLAND

129 (1:1)

/'%-.'0$74) 5%*9'4+0 *'4<1)67/ $+5 70& )4155*'4<1)67/

*CWU 1TFGP FGT 9GPFKUEJGP -TQPG $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­MTGW\ OKV FGT -TQPG KP )QNF 5KNDGT /GFCKNNQP )QNF ITCXKGTV VNY GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC )QFGV KP $GTNKP CP 0CFGN $9- 1'- + ++ )GUVKHVGV CO /CK FWTEJ )TQ­JGT\QI (TKGFTKEJ 9KNJGNO IGOGKPUCO OKV )TQ­JGT\QI (TKGFTKEJ (TCP\ ++ XQP /GEMNGPDWTI 5EJYGTKP CNU XKGTMNCUUKIGT IGOGKPUCOGT *CWUQTFGP FGO GKP \YGKUVWHKIGU 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ CHHKNKKGTV YCT &KG +PUKIPKGP FGT DGKFGP )TQ­JGT\QIVÒOGT WPVGTUEJGKFGP UKEJ FWTEJ FKG WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP &GXKUGP 2'4 #52'4# #& #564# &WTEJ FCU 4CWJG \W FGP 5VGTPGP HÒT /GEMNGPDWTI 5EJYGTKP WPF #8+61 8+4'6 *1014' 'T DNÒJV KP CPIGUVCOOVGT 'JTG HÒT /GEMNGPDWTI 5VTGNKV\

130 (1:1)

*CWU 1TFGP FGT 9GPFKUEJGP -TQPG $TWUVUVGTP \WO -QOVWT #WUHÒJTWPI OKV )QNFGPGO /GFCKN NQP 5KNDGT /GFCKNNQP )QNF GOCKNNKGTV &KG $WEJUVCDGP KO /GFCKNNQP 4KPI ITCXKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG VTCIGDGFKPIV VNY XGTICPIGPG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC 4QUG KP 5EJYGTKP CP 0CFGN $9- 1'- 44 ++ 9KT JCNVGP FKGUGP $TWUVUVGTP HÒT GKPG #PHGTVKIWPI CWU FGP GT DKU GT ,CJTGP FKG \W FGP UR·VGTGP 5VÒEMGP FGWVNKEJG 7PVGTUEJKGFG CWHYGKUV \ $ FCU )QNFGPG /GFCKNNQP KO )GIGPUCV\ \W FGP UKNDGTHCTDGPGP FGT UR·VGTGP #WUHÒJTWPIGP FKG PKEJV UVTCJNGPHÌTOKIG YKG DGK FGP UR·VGTGP 5VÒEMGP (NKPMKGTWPI KO /GFCKNNQP 4KPI WPF FKG )TCXWTGP FGT GKP\GNPGP $WEJUVCDGP &GT 5VGTPMQTRWU KUV CWU XKGT 6GKNGP IGRT·IV FKG \W GKPGO 5VÒEM \WUCOOGPIG NÌVGV UKPF GDGPUQ UKPF FKG 6GKNG FGU /GFCKNNQPU IGRT·IV &KG 'OCKNNG KUV YKG DGK FKGUGP 5VÒEMGP ÒDNKEJ KO )GIGP UCV\ \W FGP (·NUEJWPIGP IGUEJNKHHGP WPF JQEJRQNKGTV

46


DEUTSCHLAND

131 (1:1)

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ /GEMNGPDWTIKUEJGT )TGKHGP 1TFGP 5EJYGTKPGT #WUHÃ’JTWPI -QOVWTMTGW\ Z OO #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC 4QUG KP 5EJYGTKP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV /GFCKNNQP OKV UGRCTCV CWHIGUGV\VGO )TGKH QJPG *CNUDCPF $9- 1'- ++

133 (1:1) 134 (1:1) 132 (1:1)

/KNKV·TXGTFKGPUVMTGW\ #WUICDG OKV FGT ,CJTGU\CJN /KNKV·TXGTFKGPUVMTGW\ CO $CPF $TQP\G 6TCIGURWTGP CO CNVGP CDGT YQJN UR·VGTGP $TWUVDCPF $9- ++ +++

/KNKV·T &KGPUVMTGW\ HÃ’T 7PVGTQHHK\KGTG WPF /CPPUEJCHVGP /QFGNN -TGW\ HÃ’T :8 &KGPUVLCJTG -WRHGT /GFCKNNQPU 5KNDGT QJPG $CPF $9- 1'- ++ +++ #O #RTKN UVKHVGVG )TQ­JGT\QI 2CWN (TKGFTKEJ FCU UVWHKIG 1HHK\KGTU &KGPUVMTGW\ \WUCOOGP OKV FGO XKGTUVWHKIGP HÃ’T ::: ::8 :8 WPF : ,CJTG /KNKV·T &KGPUVMTGW\ HÃ’T 7PVGTQHHK\KGTG WPF /CPPUEJCHVGP 'TUVGTGU YWTFG DKU XGTNKGJGP NGV\VGTGU DKU )TQ­JGT\QI (TKGFTKEJ (TCP\ ++ TGFW\KGTVG FCU /KNKV·T &KGPUVMTGW\ CWH -NCUUGP HÃ’T ::+ :8 WPF +: &KGPUVLCJTG

/KNKV·T &KGPUVMTGW\ HÃ’T 7PVGTQHHK\KGTG WPF /CPPUEJCHVGP /QFGNN -TGW\ -NCUUG HÃ’T :++ &KGPUVLCJTG XCTKCPVG #WUHÃ’JTWPI KP XGTUKNDGTV /GFCKNNQPU 5KNDGT QJPG $CPF $9- 1'- ++ #O #WIWUV QTFPGVG )TQ­JGT\QI (TKGFTKEJ (TCP\ +8 CP FC­ FKG WPF -NCUUG GPVURTG EJGPF FGO 2TGW­KUEJGP *GGT MÃ’PHVKI HÃ’T :8 TGURGMVKXG HÃ’T :++ ,CJTG XGTNKGJGP YGTFGP UQNNVGP &KG -NCUUG HÃ’T +: &KGPUVLCJTG DNKGD WPXGT·PFGTV

47


DEUTSCHLAND

135 (1:1)

/'%-.'0$74) 564'.+6< *'4<1)67/ $+5 70& )4155*'4<1)67/

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ /GEMNGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU 1TFGP FGT 9GPFKUEJGP -TQPG -QOVWTMTGW\ )QNF OCU UKX HGKPUV ITCXKGTV WPF GOCKNNKGTV I OKV CNVGO *CNUDCPF #DUEJPKVV $9- 1'- 444 ++ .CWV 1JO *KGTQP[OWUUGP KP /56 5 WPF YWTFGP XQP DKU KPUIGUCOV PWT -QOVWTMTGW\G XQP FGP (KTOGP )QFGV KP $GTNKP WPF .CUPG KP 2CTKU JGTIGUVGNNV

136

137

138

8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG /QFGNN OKV /QPQITCOO #( ņ )QNFGPG /GFCKNNG 5KNDGT XGT IQNFGV QJPG $CPF $9- 1'- 4 + ++ 'ZGORNCT KP ÒDGTTCIGPFGO 'TJCNVWPIU\WUVCPF &KG FTGKUVWHKIG )QNF 5KNDGT WPF $TQP\G 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG YWTFG CO 1MVQDGT XQP )TQ­JGT\QI #FQNH (TKGFTKEJ 8 IGUVKHVGV CNU #PGTMGPPWPI HÒT IWVG 7PU WPF 7PUGTGO )TQ­JGT\QINKEJGP *CWUG WPF .CPFG IGNGKUVGVG &KGPUVG HÒT 6TGWG KO $GTWH UQYKG HÒT GKP\GNPG TÒJONKEJG )TWPFJCPFNWPIGP 5VCVWV .CWV 1JO *KGTQP[OWUUGP KP /56 5 YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF XQP FGT (KTOC )QFGV 5QJP KP $GTNKP KPUIGUCOV )QNFGPG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNGP JGTIGUVGNNV WPF IGNKGHGTV YQXQP CO /CK 5VÒEM \WO 'KPUEJOGN\GP YKGFGT CP FKG (KTOC )QFGV 5QJP \WTÒEMIGNKGHGTV YWTFGP UQ FC­ PWT CNNGTJÌEJUVGPU 'ZGORNCTG GTJCNVGP IGDNKGDGP UGKP FÒTHVGP 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG /QFGNN OKV /QPQITCOO #( ņ 5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG 5KNDGT QJPG $CPF $9- 1'- + ++ 'ZGORNCT KP ÒDGTTCIGPFGO 'TJCNVWPIU\WUVCPF &KG DGK 1JO *KGTQP[OWUUGP KP /56 5 HÒT FKG 5KNDGTOGFCKNNG GTY·JPVG GT 5KNDGTRWP\G PGDGP FGT ¤UG KUV JKGT PKEJV XQTJCPFGP FGPPQEJ JCPFGNV GU UKEJ JKGTDGK WO GKPG GKPFGWVKIG 1TKIKPCNRT·IWPI OÌINKEJGTYGKUG CWU FGT GTUVGP *GTUVGNNWPIUUGTKG .CWV FGOUGNDGP #WVQT KP /56 5 YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF XQP FGT (KTOC )QFGV 5QJP KP $GTNKP KPUIGUCOV 5KNDGTPG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNGP JGTIGUVGNNV WPF IGNKGHGTV YQXQP CO /CK 5VÒEM \WO 'KPUEJOGN\GP YKGFGT CP FKG (KTOC )QFGV 5QJP \WTÒEMIGNKGHGTV YWTFGP UQ FC­ CNNGTJÌEJUVGP 'ZGORNCTG GTJCNVGP IGDNKGDGP UGKP FÒTHVGP 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG /QFGNN OKV /QPQITCOO #( ņ $TQP\GPG /GFCKNNG $TQP\G QJPG $CPF $9- 1'- + ++ 'ZGORNCT KP ÒDGTTCIGPFGO 'TJCNVWPIU\WUVCPF .CWV 1JO *KGTQP[OWUUGP KP /56 5 YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF XQP FGT (KTOC )QFGV 5QJP KP $GTNKP KPUIGUCOV $TQP\GPG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNGP JGTIGUVGNNV WPF IGNKG HGTV YQXQP CO /CK 5VÒEM \WO 'KPUEJOGN\GP YKGFGT CP FKG (KTOC )QFGV 5QJP \WTÒEMIGNKGHGTV YWTFGP UQ FC­ CNNGTJÌEJUVGP 'ZGORNCTG GTJCNVGP IGDNKGDGP UGKP FÒTHVGP 5QOKV FÒTHVG FKG $TQP\GOGFCKNNG UGNVGPGT UGKP CNU FKG 5KNDGTOGFCKNNG

48


DEUTSCHLAND

139 (1:1)

8GTFKGPUV /GFCKNNG HÃ’T 4GVVWPI CWU .GDGPUIGHCJT 5KNDGT &WTEJOGUUGT OO I OKV $CPF TKPI QJPG $CPF $9- 1'- 444 + ++ 'ZGORNCT KP Ã’DGTTCIGPFGO 'TJCNVWPIU\WUVCPF #WH #PTGIWPI FGT (KTOC )QFGV 5QJP KP $GTNKP UVKHVGVG )TQ­JGT\QI #FQNH (TKGFTKEJ 8 CO (GDTWCT FKG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG KP FGT #WUHÃ’JTWPI HÃ’T 4GVVWPI CWU .GDGPUIGHCJT OKV GPVURTGEJGPFGT 4GXGTU +PUEJTKHV FKG PWT CNU 5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG \WT 8GTNGKJWPI MCO 0CEJ 9KNNGP FGU )TQ­JGT\QIU JCPFGNVG GU UKEJ UQOKV PKEJV WO GKPG GKIGPG /GFCKNNG UQPFGTP WO GKPG DGUQPFGTG #WUHÃ’JTWPI FGT 5KNDGTPGP 8GT FKGPUVOGFCKNNG 0CEJ FGO 6QFG FGU )TQ­JGT\QIU DGJKGNV FKGUG /GFCKNNG KJT #WUUGJGP DGK .CWV 1JO *KGTQP[OWUUGP

KP /56 5 YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF XQP FGT (KTOC )QFGV 5QJP KP $GTNKP KPUIGUCOV /GFCKNNGP JGTIGUVGNNV WPF IGNKGHGTV YQXQP \YKUEJGP WPF \WT 8GTNGKJWPI IGNCPIVGP

140 (1:1)

141 (1:1)

8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG /QFGNN OKV 2QTVTCKV )TQ­JGT\QI #FQNH (TKGFTKEJ 8+ ņ 5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG 5KNDGT QJPG $CPF $9- 1'- 44 + ++ 'ZGORNCT KP Ã’DGTTCIGPFGO 'TJCNVWPIU\WUVCPF 0CEJ FGO 6QF )TQ­JGT\QI #FQNH (TKGFTKEJU 8 CO ,WPK ·PFGTVG UGKP 5QJP WPF 0CEJHQNIGT )TQ­JGT\QI #FQNH (TKGFTKEJ 8+ CO ,CPWCT FKG )GUVCNVWPI FGT /GFCKNNG FKG UQ DKU XGTNKGJGP YQTFGP KUV .CWV 1JO *KGTQP[OWUUGP KP /56 5 YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF XQP FGT (KTOC )QFGV 5QJP KP $GTNKP KPUIGUCOV 5KNDGTPG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNGP FGU /QFGNNU JGTIGUVGNNV WPF IGNKGHGTV 5QOKV UKPF FKG 5KNDGTPGP /GFCKNNGP FGU /QFGNNU FGWVNKEJ UGNVGPGT CNU FKGLGPKIGP FGU /QFGNNU

8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG /QFGNN OKV 2QTVTCKV )TQ­JGT\QI #FQNH (TKGFTKEJ 8+ ņ $TQP\GPG /GFCKNNG $TQP\G QJPG $CPF $9- 1'- 44 + ++ 'ZGORNCT KP JGTXQTTCIGPFGO 'TJCNVWPIU\WUVCPF .CWV 1JO *KGTQP[OWUUGP KP /56 5 YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF XQP FGT (KTOC )QFGV 5QJP KP $GTNKP KPUIGUCOV 5KNDGTPG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNGP FGU /QFGNNU JGTIG UVGNNV WPF IGNKGHGTV 5QOKV KUV FKG $TQP\GOGFCKNNG FGU /QFGNNU UGNVGPGT CNU FKG 5KNDGTOGFCKNNG WPF FGWVNKEJ UGNVGPGT CNU FKG $TQP\GOGFCKNNG FGU /QFGNNU

142

143 Rv.

/GFCKNNG \WT 'TKPPGTWPI CP FKG &KCOCPVGPG *QEJ\GKV FGU )TQ­JGT\QINKEJGP 2CCTGU )QNFGPG /GFCKNNG 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV CP FGT QTKIKPCNGP &COGPUEJNGKHG $9- 1'- + ++ 'ZGORNCT KP JGTXQTTCIGPFGO 'TJCNVWPIU\WUVCPF &KG FTGKUVWHKIG )QNF 5KNDGT WPF $TQP\G /GFCKNNG YWTFG XQP )TQ­JGT\QI (TKGFTKEJ 9KNJGNO ++ CO ,WPK \WT 'TKPPGTWPI HÃ’T FKG IGNCFGPGP )·UVG *QHDG COVGP WPF *QHFKGPGT IGUVKHVGV FKG DGK FGP (GKGTNKEJMGKVGP CPYGUGPF YCTGP

/GFCKNNG \WT 'TKPPGTWPI CP FKG &KCOCPVGPG *QEJ\GKV FGU )TQ­JGT\QINKEJGP 2CCTGU )QNFGPG /GFCKNNG 5KNDGT CP FGT QTKIKPCNGP &COGPUEJNGKHG $9- 1'- + ++ 'ZGORNCT KP JGTXQTTCIGPFGO 'TJCNVWPIU\WUVCPF

49


DEUTSCHLAND

144

145

148

149

146

-TGW\ HÒT #WU\GKEJPWPI KO -TKGIG #WUICDG -TGW\ OKV +PUEJTKHV 6#2('4 70& 64'7 5KNDGT QJPG $CPF $9- 1'- + ++ 'ZGORNCT KP JGTXQTTCIGPFGO 'TJCNVWPIU\WUVCPF &CU GKPUVWHKIG -TGW\ YWTFG CO /·T\ XQP )TQ­JGT\QI (TKGFTKEJ 9KNJGNO ++ IGUVKHVGV YQDGK GU PQTOCNGTYGKUG OKV FGT +PUEJTKHV 6#2('4 70& 64'7 XGTNGKJGP YQTFGP KUV (ÒT CWUN·PFKUEJG 1HHK\KGTG IGNCPIVG GU OKV FGT +PUEJTKHV (ª4 6#2('4-'+6 \WT 8GTNGKJWPI

KPUIGUCOV /CN .CWV 1JO *KGTQP[OWUUGP KP /56 5 YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV -TGW\G 6#2('4 70& 64'7 XGTNKGJGP FKG XQP FGT (KTOC )QFGV 5QJP KP $GTNKP JGTIGUVGNNV YQTFGP YCTGP

147

-TGW\ HÒT #WU\GKEJPWPI KO -TKGIG #WUICDG -TGW\ D\Y -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG CD OKV +PUEJTKHV 6#2('4 70& 64'7 #WUHÒJTWPI OKV GTJCDGP IGRT·IVGT ,CJTGU\CJN 5KNDGT QJPG $CPF $9- 1'- 4 + ++ 'ZGORNCT XQT JGTXQTTCIGPFGT XCTKCPVGT #PHGTVKIWPIUSWCNKV·V WPF 'TJCNVWPIU\WUVCPF /ÌINKEJGTYGKUG JCPFGNV GU UKEJ JKGTDGK WO GKPG FGT GTUVGP (GTVKIWPIUUGTKGP 0CEJ #WUDTWEJ FGU 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIGU GTPGWGTVG )TQ­JGT\QI #FQNH (TKGFTKEJ 8+ CO #WIWUV FCU -TGW\ HÒT #WU\GKEJPWPI KO -TKGIG FCU YKGFGT KP \YGK #WUHÒJTWPIGP P·ONKEJ OKV FGT +PUEJTKHV 6#2('4 70& 64'7 YQJN HÒT +PN·PFGT WPF OKV (ª4 6#2('4-'+6 YQJN HÒT #WUN·PFGT \WT 8GTNGKJWPI MCO /KV FGT 5VKHVWPI FGU -TGW\GU + -NCUUG CO ,CPWCT GDGPHCNNU UQYQJN OKV FGT +PUEJTKHV 6#2('4 70& 64'7 CNU CWEJ OKV (ª4 6#2('4-'+6 YWTFG FCU DKUJGTKIG -TGW\ \WO -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG .CWV 1JO *KGTQP[OWUUGP KP /56 5 NKGHGTVG )QFGV 5QJP KP $GTNKP XQP DKU KPUIGUCOV -TGW\G -TGW\G ++ -NCUUG OKV 6#2('4 70& 64'7 KP 5KNDGT WPF XQP DKU KPUIGUCOV KP XGTUKNDGTV /GVCNN +PUIGUCOV YWTFGP XQP DKU KPUIGUCOV -TGW\G ++ -NCUUG OKV 6#2('4 70& 64'7 XGTNKGJGP WPF XQP DKU PWT -TGW\G ++ -NCUUG (ª4 6#2('4-'+6 XQP WTURTÒPINKEJ XQP )QFGV 5QJP JGTIGUVGNNVGP 'ZGORNCTGP

'JTGPUVGTP \WO +: /GEMNGPDWTIKUEJGP 5EJÒV\GPHGUV KP 0GWDTCPFGPDWTI &WTEJOGUUGT OO 5KNDGT JQJN IGRT·IV VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF ITCXKGTV CP 3WGTPCFGN ++

'JTGPUVGTP \WO :++ /GEMNGPDWTIKUEJGP .CPFGU 5EJÒV\GPHGUV XQO DKU ,WPK &WTEJOGU UGT OO 5KNDGT OCUUKX IGHGTVKIV VNY XGTIQNFGV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG ITCXKGTV ,WP[ CP 3WGTPCFGN ++

'JTGPUVGTP \WT L·JTKIGP /KVINKGFUEJCHV KP FGT 5EJÒV\GPMQORCIPKG 0GWUVTGNKV\ &WTEJOGUUGT OO 5KNDGT JQJN IGRT·IV VNY XGTIQNFGV CWH FGO 4GXGTU /GFCKNNQP ITCXKGTV <WT 'TKPPGTWPI CP FKG L·JT /KVINKGFUEJCHV DGK FGT 5EJÒV\GPMQORCIPKG 0GWUVTGNKV\ CP 3WGTPCFGN ++

&GMQTCVKQP HÒT L·JTKIG /KVINKGFUEJCHV KP FGT 5EJÒV\GP )KNFG 0GWUVTGNKV\ &WTEJOGUUGT OO XGTUKNDGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV CP FGT QTKIKPCNGP 6TCIGUEJNGKHG ++

50


Oldenburg Sammlung F. BeyreiĂ&#x;



SLG. BEYREISS - OLDENBURG

5#//.70) *'4<1)67/ 70& )4155*'4<1)67/ 1.&'0$74) 810 (4+'&*'./ $';4'+55 Ŏ

.KGDG 1NFGPDWTI 'PVJWUKCUVGP WPF UQNEJG FKG GU YGTFGP YQNNGP

&CU *GT\QIVWO 1NFGPDWTI GPVUVCPF CWU FGT )TCHUEJCHV 1NFGPDWTI PCEJFGO (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV XQP 5EJNGUYKI *QNUVGKP )QVVQTH FKGUG PCEJ #DUEJNW­ FGU 8GTVTCIGU XQP <CUMQG 5GNQ XQO #WIWUV XQP )TQ­HÒTUV 2CWN XQP 4W­NCPF -CKUGT UGKV CWH &T·PIGP XQP FGUUGP /WVVGT FGT TWUUKUEJGP -CKUGTKP -CVJCTKPC ++ UGKV TGIKGTGPFG -CKUGTKP ÒDGTVTCIGP DGMQOOGP JCVVG &GT 4ÌOKUEJG -CKUGT ,QUGRJ ++ UGKV FGWVUEJGT -ÌPKI UGKV 4ÌOKUEJGT -CKUGT GTJQD FKG )TCHUEJCHV FCTCWHJKP \WO *GT\QIVWO 5GKV YCT FCU *QEJUVKHV .ÒDGEM CD (ÒTUVGPVWO OKV 1NFGPDWTI RTCMVKUEJ KP 2GTUQPCNWPKQP XGTDWPFGP

(ÒT MWT\G <GKV /KVINKGF FGU 4JGKPDWPFGU YWTFG FCU *GT\QIVWO XQP -CKUGT 0CRQNGQP + -CKUGT XQP DKU HÒT (TCPMTGKEJ CPPGMVKGTV CNU *GT\QIVWO YKGFGT JGTIGUVGNNV YWTFG GU FWTEJ FGP 9KGPGT -QPITG­ \WO )TQ­JGT\QIVWO GTJQDGP YQDGK KJO PQEJ FCU RH·N\KUEJG (ÒTUVGPVWO $KTMGPHGNF \WIGURTQEJGP YWTFG GTJKGNV FCU )TQ­JGT\QIVWO XQP -CKUGT #NGZCPFGT +

-CKUGT UGKV FKG *GTTUEJCHV ,GXGT ÒDGTVTCIGP

$GOGTMGPUYGTV KUV FC­ 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI TGI XQP DKU WPF XQP DKU CNU 2TKP\TGIGPV WPF CD CNU *GT\QI FKG 'TJGDWPI FGU *GT\QIVWOU \WO )TQ­JGT\QIVWO YGFGT CNU 4GIGPV PQEJ CNU TGIKGTGPFGT *GT\QI CPGTMCPPV WPF FGP 6KVGN CWEJ PKG IGHÒJTV JCV 'TUV PCEJ UGKPGO 6QF PCJO UGKP 5QJP 2CWN (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV + XQP 1NFGPDWTI TGI UGKV FGP 6KVGN GKPGU )TQ­JGT\QIU CP

0CEJFGO 1NFGPDWTI FGO &GWVUEJGP <QNNXGTGKP DGKIGVTGVGP YCT YWTFG GU /KVINKGF FGU 0QTFFGWVUEJGP $WPFGU WPF OKV FGT )TÒPFWPI FGU &GWVUEJGP 4GKEJU CO #RTKN KO 5RKGIGNUCCN FGU 5EJNQUUGU XQP 8GTUCKNNGU CWEJ FGUUGP $WPFGUUVCCV /KV FGT -TKGIUGTMN·TWPI -CKUGT 9KNJGNOU ++

FGWVUEJGT -CKUGT WPF -ÌPKI XQP 2TGW­GP XQP DKU CP FCU 4WUUKUEJG 4GKEJ PCOGPU FGU &GWVUEJGP 4GKEJGU CO #WIWUV VTCV CWEJ FCU )TQ­JGT\QIVWO 1NFGPDWTI KP FGP 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGI GKP

0CEJ FGO 'PFG FGT /QPCTEJKG YWTFG 1NFGPDWTI GKP TGRWDNKMCPKUEJGT (TGKUVCCV FGT KO 2TKP\KR DKU DGUVCPF #O 0QXGODGT XGTGKPKIVG UKEJ FCU MWT\ \WXQT GPVUVCPFGPG .CPF *CPPQXGT OKV FGO (TGKUVCCV 1NFGPDWTI FGO .CPF $TCWUEJYGKI WPF FGO .CPF 5EJCWODWTI .KRRG \WO PGWGP .CPF 0KGFGTUCEJUGP YCU CO 0QXGODGT FKG )GPGJOKIWPI FGT DTKVKUEJGP /KNKV·TTGIKGTWPI GTHWJT VTCV FCU .CPF FGT CO /CK IGITÒPFGVGP $WPFGTGRWDNKM &GWVUEJNCPF DGK

#NU (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV ++ XQP 1NFGPDWTI CO 0QXGODGT FGO ÌHHGPVNKEJGP &TWEM PCEJICD WPF CWH UGKP #OV XGT\KEJVGVG MQPPVG FCU )TQ­JGT\QIVWO CWH GKPG FQEJ UEJQP GKPJWPFGTVL·JTKIG 6TCFKVKQP CP 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP \WTÒEMDNKEMGP

5EJQP WPOKVVGNDCT PCEJ UGKPGT 4ÒEMMGJT CWU FGO TWUUKUEJGP 'ZKN KO (TÒJLCJT JCVVG FGT QNFGPDWTIKUEJG 4GIGPV 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI FKG <KXKNXGTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG IGUVKHVGV FKG \YCT PKG XGTNKGJGP YQTFGP KUV CDGT FGPPQEJ CO #PHCPI FGT 'PVYKEMNWPI FGU QNFGPDWTIKUEJGP #WU\GKEJPWPIU YGUGPU UVCPF UKGJV OCP GKPOCN XQP FGP QNFGPDWTIKUEJGP )PCFGPRHGPPKIGP FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU CD

/KV FGO XQP )TQ­JGT\QI 2CWN (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV + XQP 1NFGPDWTI TGI UGKV IGUVKHVGVGP *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI XGTHÒIVG FCU )TQ­JGT\QIVWO ÒDGT GKPG OGJTMNCUUKIG /ÌINKEJMGKV \WT #WU\GKEJPWPI FKG UKEJ KO .CWHG FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU YGKVGT GPVYKEMGNVG WPF FGTGP -NCUUGP #WHVGKNWPI FGP LGYGKNKIGP #WU\GKEJPWPIU TGNGXCPVGP 'THQTFGTPKUUGP CPIGRC­V YWTFG 53


SLG. BEYREISS - OLDENBURG

/KV FGT XQP (TKGFTKEJ 2GVGT .WFYKI IGUEJCHHGPGP -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G HÒT FGP (GNF\WI GTJKGNV FCU *GT\QIVWO UGKPG GTUVG TGKP OKNKV·TKUEJG #WU\GKEJPWPI &WTEJ FKG 5VKHVWPI FGT 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG HÒT 4GVVWPI CWU )GHCJT KO ,CJTG YWTFG FKG 'TTKEJVWPI YGKVGTGT \KXKNGT #WU\GKEJPWPIGP CWHIGPQOOGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG FKG PKEJV OKV FGO *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP DGNQJPV YGTFGP MQPPVGP IGHQNIV XQP FGT /GFCKNNG HÒT 9KUUGPUEJCHV WPF -WPUV

<W $GIKPP FGU 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIU XGTHÒIVG FCU )TQ­JGT\QIVWO 1NFGPDWTI UQOKV ÒDGT GKP FKXGTUKHK\KGTVGU 5[UVGO \KXKNGT WPF OKNKV·TKUEJGT #WU\GKEJPWPIGP HÒT XGTFKGPVG $ÒTIGT WPF #WUN·PFGT &GT 'TUVG 9GNVMTKGI DTCEJVG MTKGIUDGFKPIV PQEJ GKPKIG YGKVGTG OKNKV·TKUEJG #WU\GKEJPWPIGP JGTXQT DGXQT FCU IGUCOVG 5[UVGO FWTEJ FKG 'PVUVGJWPI FGU TGRWDNKMCPKUEJGP (TGKUVCCVGU 1NFGPDWTI PCEJ FGO 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGI KO 2TKP\KR QDUQNGV YWTFG <YCT GTHQNIVGP CWEJ PCEJ GKPKIG 8GTNGKJWPIGP ITQ­JGT\QINKEJ QNFGPDWTIKUEJGT #WU\GKEJPWPIGP LGFQEJ HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG FKG XQT FGO 'PFG FGT /QPCTEJKG GTYQTDGP YQTFGP YCTGP

(TKGFJGNO $G[TGK­ UGNDUV CWU 5EJNGUKGP UVCOOGPF JCVVG PCEJ FGO <YGKVGP 9GNVMTKGI KP $TGOGP GKPG 0GWG *GKOCV IGHWPFGP +OOGT UEJQP XQP 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP HCU\KPKGTV TKEJVGVG GT UGKP #WIGPOGTM CWH FCU #WU\GKEJPWPIUYGUGP FGU )TQ­JGT\QIVWOU 1NFGPDWTI FGUUGP 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP GT OKV ITQ­GT .GKFGPUEJCHV ÒDGT NCPIG ,CJTG UCOOGNVG WPF KPVGPUKX GTHQTUEJVG 5GKPG WOHCPITGKEJGP (QTUEJWPIUGTIGDPKUUG OÒPFGVGP KP \CJNTGKEJG FKGUDG\ÒINKEJGP #WHU·V\G WPF UEJNKG­NKEJ KP UGKP KO 8GTNCI -NCWU & 2CV\YCNN KP 0QTFGTUVGFV GTUEJKGPGPGU 9GTM &GT *CWUQTFGP WPF FKG VTCIDCTGP 'JTGP\GKEJGP FGU )TQ­JGT\QIVWOU 1NFGPDWTI ņ GKPGO /GKNGPUVGKP FGWVUEJGT RJCNGTKUVKUEJGT .KVGTCVWT &CTKP NGIVG GT GKPGT KPVGTGUUKGTVGP ¤HHGPVNKEJMGKV UGKP DTGKVGU WPF HWPFCOGPVCNGU 9KUUGP ÒDGT FCU ITQ­JGT\QINKEJ QNFGPDWTIKUEJG #WU\GKEJPWPIUYGUGP FCT

5GKV FGO 'TUEJGKPGP FKGUGU $WEJGU UGKV PWPOGJT HCUV ,CJTGP MQPPVGP \CJNTGKEJG PGWG 'TMGPPVPKUUG FKGUGU KPVGTGUUCPVGP )GDKGVGU IGYQPPGP YGTFGP 7PF UQOKV IGTGKEJV GU FGO *CWUG -ÒPMGT \WT ITQ­GP 'JTG FKG DGFGWVGPFG 1NFGPDWTI 5COONWPI XQP (TKGFJGNO $G[TGK­ JKGT CPDKGVGP \W MÌPPGP DGCTDGKVGV CWH FGP )TWPFNCIGP UGKPGT WOHCPITGKEJGP (QTUEJWPIGP WPF GDGP FKGUGT PGWGP \CJNTGKEJGP 'TMGPPVPKUUG

(TKGFJGNO $G[TGK­ JCV UKEJ CWEJ OKV YGKVGTGP RJCNGTKUVKUEJGP 6JGOGP KPVGPUKX DGUEJ·HVKIV UQ W C OKV FGP 4GVVWPIUOGFCKNNGP FGT FGWVUEJGP $WPFGUUVCCVGP #WEJ JKGT OÒPFGVGP UGKPG (QTUEJWPIUGTIGDPKUUG KP GKP WOHCPITGKEJGU 9GTM OKV FGO 6KVGN 4GVVWPIUOGFCKNNGP FGWVUEJGT 5VCCVGP GTUEJKGPGP GDGPHCNNU DGK 2CV\YCNN

9CU OCEJV PWP FCU 5COOGNP QNFGPDWTIKUEJGT #WU\GKEJPWPIGP UQ KPVGTGUUCPV FC­ KP FGP GT ,CJTGP WPF CWEJ UR·VGT \CJNTGKEJG (·NUEJWPIGP XQT CNNGO FGT QNFGPDWTIKUEJGP 1TFGPUKPUKIPKGP CWH FGP /CTMV IGMQOOGP UKPF! &CU KUV PKEJV CNNGKP FGO 7OUVCPF IGUEJWNFGV FC­ FKG *GTUVGNNWPIU\CJNGP FGT QTKIKPCNGP 5VÒEMG PKG DGUQPFGTU JQEJ YCTGP WPF FKGUG FGUJCND CWEJ PKEJV CNN\W J·WHKI M·WHNKEJ \W GTYGTDGP YCTGP

$GK 1NFGPDWTI JCPFGNV GU UKEJ WO GKPGP 6GTTKVQTKCNUVCCV FGP GU PKEJV OGJT IKDV ·JPNKEJ YKG $CFGP *QJGP\QNNGTP QFGT .KRRG 'T KUV CWHIGICPIGP KP GKPGO PGWGP $WPFGUNCPF YCU CDGT GKPGT GKIGPUV·PFKIGP QNFGPDWTIKUEJGP +FGPVKV·V WPF FCOKV KUV PKEJV PWT GKP PQUVCNIKUEJGU )GHÒJN IGOGKPV MGKPGTNGK #DDTWEJ IGVCP JCV #WEJ JGWVG PQEJ VCWEJV FGT 0COG FGT GJGOCNKIGP )GDKGVUMÌTRGTUEJCHV 1NFGPDWTI KP $G\GKEJPWPIGP CWH FKG ÒDGT FCU )GDKGV FGT 5VCFV 1NFGPDWTI YGKV JKPCWUIGJV \ $ KP $GITKHHGP YKG 1NFGPDWTIKUEJG 8QNMU\GKVWPI 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT (GWGTYGJTXGTDCPF WPF 1NFGPDWTIKUEJG .CPFGUDCPM #) 9GPP 1NFGPDWTI CWEJ CNU 6GTTKVQTKCNUVCCV PKEJV OGJT GZKUVKGTV UQ IKDV GU GDGP KOOGT PQEJ GKPG QNFGPDWTIKUEJG +FGPVKV·V

7PF FCDGK JCPFGNV GU UKEJ PKEJV WO GKPGP FWORHGP .QMCNRCVTKQVKUOWU GYKI )GUVTKIGT FKG UKEJ FKG /QPCTEJKG YKGFGT JGTDGKYÒPUEJGP UQPFGTP WO GKP 8GTDWPFGPJGKVUIGHÒJN OKV FGT P·JGTGP *GKOCV #WU FKGUGO )TWPF YGTFGP QNFGPDWTIKUEJG 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP IGTPG IGUCOOGNV CNU #WUFTWEM FKGUGU P·JGTGP *GKOCVIGHÒJNU

'U KUV FGUJCND UGJT \W YÒPUEJGP FC­ UQ CWEJ \CJNTGKEJG 5VÒEMG FGT 1NFGPDWTI 5COONWPI XQP (TKGFJGNO $G[TGK­ GKPG PGWG 5COONWPIU *GKOCV HKPFGP OÌIGP

/KEJCN #WVGPITWDGT

54


SLG. BEYREISS - OLDENBURG

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI /KV ITQ­JGT\QINKEJGO &GMTGV XQO 0QXGODGT UVKHVGVG )TQ­JGT\QI 2CWN (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV + XQP 1NFGPDWTI TGI UGKV FGP CNNIGOGKPGP *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP WPF DGPCPPVG KJP PCEJ UGKPGO 8CVGT *GT\QI 2GVGT + (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI JCVVG FCU *GT\QIVWO XQP DKU WPF XQP DKU CNU 2TKP\TGIGPV TGIKGTV WPF YCT GTUV PCEJ FGO 6QFGU UGKPGU TGIKGTWPIUWPH·JKIGP 8GVVGTU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ 9KNJGNO *GT\QI IGYQTFGP &GP KJO GKIGPVNKEJ UGKV \WUVGJGPFGP 6KVGN GKPGU )TQ­ JGT\QIU XQP 1NFGPDWTI HÒJTVG GT PKEJV

&KG 5VCVWVGP FGU PGWGP 1TFGPU FCVKGTGP GDGPHCNNU XQO 0QXGODGT +JPGP \WHQNIG XGTHÒIVG FGT PGWG 1TFGP ÒDGT \YGK #DVGKNWPIGP -CRKVWNCTG WPF 'JTGPTKVVGT FKG LGYGKNU KP XKGT -NCUUGP )TQ­MTGW\ )TQ­MQOVWTG -QOVWTG WPF -NGKPMTGW\G CWHIGVGKNV YCTGP UQYKG ÒDGT GKP CHHKNKKGTVGU FTGKUVWHKIGU

+ -NCUUG KP )QNF ++ -NCUUG KP 5KNDGT WPF +++ -NCUUG KP 'KUGP #NNIGOGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP CD CNU 'JTGPMTGW\ DG\GKEJPGV #NU (GUVVCI FGU 1TFGPU YWTFG FGT ,CPWCT FGT )GDWTVUVCI *GT\QI 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKIU DGUVKOOV CP FGO CWEJ FCU 1TFGPUMCRKVGN VCIGP UQNNVG &CVWO XQO ,CPWCT GTHQNIVG FKG 7PVGTVGKNWPI FGT )TQ­MTGW\G KP )QNFGPG )TQ­ MTGW\G )TQ­MTGW\ OKV FGT IQNFGPGP -TQPG WPF )TQ­MTGW\G )TQ­MTGW\ OKV FGT UKNDGTPGP -TQPG #O GDTWCT UVKHVGVG )TQ­JGT\QI 0KEQNCWU (TKGFTKEJ 2GVGT ++ TGI UGKV FKG 5EJYGTVGT WPF FKG 5EJYGTVGT CO 4KPI HÒT CNNG -NCUUGP UQYKG FKG -TQPG \WO #NNIGOGKPGP 'JTGP\GKEJGP + -NCUUG #O ,CPWCT YWTFGP FKG -NGKPMTGW\G KP 4KVVGTMTGW\G WODGPCPPV WPF FKGUG KP 4KVVGTMTGW\ + WPF ++ -NCUUG WPVGTVGKNV &KG 5VKHVWPI FGT 1TFGPUMGVVG HÒT )TQ­MTGW\G OKV FGT IQNFGPGP TQPG GTHQNIVG CO ,CPWCT WPF CO ,CPWCT GTJKGNV FGT $TWUVUVGTP HÒT FKG -NCUUGP OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CO 4KPI QDGTJCND FGU /GFCKNNQPU CPIGDTCEJVG IGMTGW\VG 5EJYGTVGT )TQ­JGT\QI (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV TGI XQP DKU XGTHÒIVG CO ,CPWCT FC­ KO -TKGI GTYQTDGPG 1TFGPU\GKEJGP DGK 2TQOQVKQP FGU +PJCDGTU KP GKPG JÌJGTG -NCUUG YGKVGT IGVTCIGP YGTFGP MQPPVGP &CU \YKUEJGP -QOVWT WPF 4KVVGT + -NCUUG CP IGUKGFGNVG 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\ YWTFG CO ,CPWCT IGUVKHVGV )NGKEJ\GKVKI XGTHÒIVG FGT )TQ­JGT\QI FC­ FKG 1TFGPUKPUKIPKGP MÒPHVKI PKEJV OGJT KP )QNF UQPFGTP KP XGTIQNFGVGO 5KNDGT CP\W HGTVKIGP UGKGP YWTFG FCU 4KVVGTMTGW\ ++ -NCUUG KP 4KVVGTMTGW\ ++ -NCUUG OKV FGT UKNDGTPGP -TQPG WODGPCPPV WPF FCTWPVGT FCU PGW IGUEJCHHGPG 4KVVGTMTGW\ ++ -NCUUG

QJPG -TQPG CPIGUKGFGNV #D FGO ,CPWCT UVGNNVG FKG 1TFGPUMGVVG GKPG GKIGPG -NCUUG FCT FKG PKEJV OGJT CWVQOCVKUEJ OKV FGO )TQ­MTGW\ OKV FGT )QNFGPGP -TQPG XGTNKGJGP YWTFG #O (GDTWCT GTHQNIVG FKG 5VKHVWPI FGT FTGKUVWHKIGP )QNF 5KNDGT WPF $TQP\G CHHKNKKGTVGP 8GTFKGPUV OGFCKNNG 5QOKV XGTHÒIVG FGT 1TFGP PWPOGJT ÒDGT PGWP -NCUUGP -GVVG )TQ­MTGW\ OKV FGT IQNFGPGP -TQPG )TQ­MTGW\ )TQ­MQOVWTG -QOVWTG 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\ 4KVVGTMTGW\ + -NCUUG 4KVVGTMTGW\ ++ -NCUUG OKV FGT UKNDGTPGP -TQPG WPF 4KVVGTMTGW\ ++ -NCUUG WPF UKGDGP 5VWHGP XQP CHHKNKKGTVGP 'JTGP\GKEJGP

'JTGPMTGW\ + -NCUUG OKV FGT -TQPG 'JTGPMTGW\ + ++ WPF +++ -NCUUG WPF 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG KP )QNF 5KNDGT WPF $TQP\G 9·JTGPF FGU 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIU YWTFG CO ,WPK DGUVKOOV FC­ HÒT FKG 8GTNGKJWPI XQP 5EJYGTVGTP XQTCWU\WUGV\GP YCT FC­ FGT 'ORH·PIGT DGTGKVU +PJCDGT FGU RTGW­KUEJGP 'KUGTPGP -TGW\GU + -NCUUG WPF GKPGU RTGW­KUEJGP 1TFGPU OKV 5EJYGTVGTP QFGT FGU 1TFGPU RQWT NG O¾TKVG UGKP OW­VG WPF CW­GTFGO QNFGPDWTIKUEJGT 5VCCVUDÒTIGT QFGT #PIGJÌTKIGT GKPGU QNFGPDWTIKUEJGP 6TWRRGPVGKNU \W UGKP JCVVG #O 1MVQDGT YGPKIG 6CIG XQT FGO 'PFG FGU 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIU UVKHVGVG )TQ­JGT\QI (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV PQEJ FKG .QTDGGT\YGKIG ÒDGT FGP 5EJYGTVGTP /KV FGT #DFCPMWPI FGU )TQ­JGT\QIU CO 0QXGODGT YWTFGP CWEJ FKG UVCCVNKEJGP 8GTNGKJWPIGP FGU 1TFGPU GKPIGUVGNNV 'T GZKUVKGTVG CNNGTFKPIU CNU *CWUQTFGP FGT ITQ­JGT\QINKEJGP (COKNKG YGKVGT (TKGFJGNO $G[TGK­ JCV \CJNTGKEJG YGKVGTG +PHQTOCVKQPGP ÒDGT FGP 1TFGP UQ CWEJ FGVCKNNKGTVG #PICDGP ÒDGT *GTUVGNNWPIU WPF 8GTNGKJWPIU\CJNGP KP UGKPGO 9GTM &GT *CWUQTFGP WPF FKG VTCIDCTGP 'JTGP\GKEJGP FGU )TQ­JGT\QIVWOU 1NFGPDWTI GTUEJKGPGP KO /KNKVCKT 8GTNCI -NCWU & 2CV\YCNN KP 0QTFGTUVGFV XGTÌHHGPVNKEJV 'U UGK CP FKGUGT 5VGNNG CWEJ CWH GKPG YGKVGTG JGTXQTTCIGPFG #WUCTDGKVWPI XGTYKGUGP -NKGVOCPP -WTV )GTJCTF WPF 0GWDGEMGT 1VVHTKGF 1NFGPDWTI *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI +P -1.

55


SLG. BEYREISS - OLDENBURG

150 (verkleinert)

56


SLG. BEYREISS - OLDENBURG

150 (1:1)

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI 5GV FGU )QNFGPGP )TQ­MTGW\GU OKV FGT -GVVG CD DGUVGJGPF CWU -GVVG #WUHÒJTWPI OKV FWTEJYGIU UVTWMVWTKGTVGP 1DGTHN·EJGP FGT $WEJUVCDGP FGT /QPQITCOO )NKGFGT ņ OKV /QPQITCOO CEJV /QPQITCOO /GFCKNNQP WPF UGEJU 9CRRGP /GFCKNNQP )NKGFGTP UQYKG GKPGO &QR RGN /QPQITCOO WPF GKPGO ITQ­GP /QPQITCOO )NKGF OKV 'KPJ·PIGXQTTKEJVWPI HÒT FCU 1TFGPUMTGW\ 5KNDGT IGRT·IV WPF XGTIQNFGV VNY GOCKNNKGTV 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK OKP PCJG\W WPUKEJVDCTG QDGTHN·EJNK EJG 'OCKNNG %JKRU CWH GKPKIGP )NKGFGTP OKV -NGKPQF )QNF JQJN IGHGTVKIV VNY HGKPUV \KUGNKGTV GOCKN NKGTV I HGKPUVG 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FGU TGEJVGP WPF NKPMGP -TGW\CTOU HGKPG *CCT TKUUG WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV FKG 4ÒEMUGKVG XQNNUV·PFKI XGTIQNFGV /QPQITCOO )QNF VNY GOCKNNKGTV OKP PCJG\W WPUKEJVDCTG QDGTHN·EJNKEJG 'OCKNNG %JKRU WPF URTÒPIG KO /GFCKNNQP 4KPI QJPG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI CP 0CFGN KO QTKIKPCNGP QMVQIQPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP GVYCU DGTKG DGPGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK OKV GVYCU XGTHNGEMVGT 'KPNCIG WPF NQUGT /KVVGNGKPNCIG KO &GEMGN 4GUVG GKPGU CNVGP $GUEJTKHVWPIU\GVVGNU OKV őFGPDWTI $9- $;1 #DD IGPCW FKGUGU 5GV 1'- 4444 ++ <YGKHGNUHTGK KP CNNGP 6GKNGP QTKIKPCNGU 5GV XQP CNNGTITÌ­VGT 5GNVGPJGKV &KGUG -GVVG YGKUV IGIGPÒDGT FGPGP FGT \YGK VGP #WUHÒJTWPI CD ņ UKGJG HQNIGPFG -CV 0T XQT CNNGO FGWVNKEJ HGKPGT IGUVCNVGVG /QPQITCOOINKGFGT CWH &KG -GVVG UGNDUV KUV $G[TGK­ KP $;1 5 \WHQNIG GKPG #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC $GTPJCTF &KGVTKEJ KP #NVGPDWTI FKG

<GPVTGP FGT /QPQITCOO /GFCKNNQP )NKGFGT YGKUGP GKPG XGTVKMCNG NCPIG (NKPMKGTWPI CWH

57


SLG. BEYREISS - OLDENBURG $GKO -NGKPQF JCPFGNV GU UKEJ CWHITWPF FGT MTGKUHÌTOKIGP (NKPMKGTWPI FGU XQTFGTUGKVKIGP /GFCKNNQP <GPVTWOU WPF FGT )GUVCNVWPI FGT -TQPG WO GKPG #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC ,QJCPPGU 9QJCEM KP (TCPMHWTV CO /CKP \YKUEJGP WPF .CWV $G[TGK­ň 6CDGNNGP 5 NKGHGTVGP FKG ,WYGNKGTG %CTN <GNN KP *CPPQXGT )GQTI -PCWGT 9KNJGNO .COG[GT KP *CPPQXGT WPF ,QJCPPGU 9QJCEM KP (TCPMHWTV CO /CKP \WUCOOGP )TQ­MTGW\G OKV FGT IQNFG PGP -TQPG CP FKG 1TFGPUMCP\NGK WPF ,QJCPPGU 9QJCEM PQEJ GKPOCN WPF LGYGKNU UGEJU &CU <GPVTWO FGU /GFCKNNQPU FGU $TWUVUVGTPU YGKUV GKPG UVTCJNGPHÌTOKIG (NKPMKGTWPI CWH WPF FÒTHVG UQOKV CWH FKG (KTOC )GQTI -PCWGT WPF %QOR KP *CPPQXGT CNU *GTUVGNNGT DKU CWHITWPF FGU )QNFGPGP /QPQITCOOU WPF FGT HGJNGPFGP *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI JKPFGWVGP 'KPG UQNEJG -QODKPCVKQP XQP +PUKIPKGP XGTUEJKGFGPGT *GTUVGNNGT KUV FWTEJCWU PKEJV WPIGYÌJPNKEJ WPF URTKEJV CWEJ PKEJV IGIGP FKG 1TKIKPCNKV·V FGT <WUCOOGPHÒIWPI <WO $GKURKGN KUV )NGKEJGU CWEJ HÒT FKG DC[GTKUEJGP 1TFGP PCEJ YGKUDCT 0CEJ 4ÒEMICDG FGT 1TFGPUKPUKIPKGP KP (QNIG FGU 6QFGU FGU $GNKGJGPGP YWTFGP FKGUG FGP 'VWKU GPVPQOOGP WPF OGKUV KP 5EJWDNCFGP CWHDGYCJTV $GK FGT 8QTDGTGKVWPI XQP 0GWXGTNGKJWPIGP YWTFGP FCPP FKG 5GVU YKNNMÒTNKEJ PGW \WUCOOGPIGUVGNNV WPF KP PGW CPIGHGTVKIVG 'VWKU IGNGIV &C NCWV $G[TGK­ KP $;1 5 FKG GPVURTGEJGPFGP 7PVGTNCIGP FGT 1TFGPUMCP\NGK HÒT FKG ,CJTG WPF HGJNGP MCPP CWEJ MGKPG #WUUCIG FCTÒDGT IGVTQHHGP YGTFGP YKG XKGNG -GVVGP FKGUGT #WUHÒJTWPI KP LGPGP DGKFGP ,CJTGP JGTIGUVGNNV YWTFGP HÒT KUV MGKPG *GTUVGNNWPI FGT -GVVG XGT\GKEJPGV GU FÒTHVGP LGFQEJ PKEJV UGJT XKGNG IGYGUGP UGKP 'T DGOGTMV JKGT\W KP $;1 5 FC­ PWT GKP 'ZGORNCT FKGUGT #WUHÒJTWPI KP GKPGT FGWVUEJGP 5COONWPI DGMCPPV UGK WPF OGKPV FCOKV YQJN FCU JKGT CPIGDQVGPG 5VÒEM &C NCWV FGP 6CDGNNGP XQP $G[TGK­ KP $;1 5 HH \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV -GVVGP CP FKG 1TFGPUMCP\NGK IGNKGHGTV YWTFGP YQDGK CWEJ JKGT FKG 7PVGTNCIGP HÒT FKG ,CJTG WPF HGJNGP WPF GT XQP GKPGT )GUCOV\CJN XQP KPUIGUCOV EC -GVVGP CWUIGJV FÒTHVGP XQP FKGUGT #WUHÒJTWPI YGPKIGT CNU 'ZGORNCTG IGNKGHGTV D\Y CPIGHGTVKIV YQTFGP UGKP

Details 1:1

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI -GVVG CD #WUHÒJTWPI OKV VNY INCVVGP 1DGTHN·EJGP FGT $WEJUVCDGP FGT /QPQITCOO )NKGFGT ņ UGKV #PHGTVKIWPI OKV /QPQITCOO CEJV /QPQITCO /GFCKNNQP WPF UGEJU 9CRRGP /GFCKNNQP )NKGFGTP UQYKG GKPGO &QRRGN /QPQITCOO WPF GKPGO ITQ­GP /QPQITCOO )NKGF OKV 'KPJ·PIGXQT TKEJVWPI HÒT FCU 1TFGPUMTGW\ 5KNDGT IGRT·IV WPF XGTIQNFGV VNY GOCKNNKGTV 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK OKP PCJG\W WPUKEJVDCTG QDGTHN·EJNKEJG 'OCKNNG %JKRU CWH GKPKIGP )NKGFGTP FCU NKPMG /QPQITCO /GFCKNNQP )NKGF CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG 6T·IGTITCXWT /KPKUVGT (NQT $9- $;1 #DD 1'- 44 ++ <YGKHGNUHTGK QTKIKPCNG -GVVG XQP ITQ­GT 5GNVGPJGKV 5KG YGKUV IGIGPÒDGT FGPGP FGT GTUVGP #WUHÒJTWPI ņ UKGJG XQTJGTIGJGPFG -CV 0T /QPQITCOOINKGFGT CWH DGK FGPGP FKG 1DGTHN·EJGP VNY INCVV UKPF +PVGTGUUCPVGTYGKUG YGKUGP FKG /GFCKNNQP <GPVTGP FKGUGT -GVVG GKPG CTCDGUMGPCTVKIG (NKPMKGTWPI CWH FKG DKUJGT PQEJ MGKPGO DGUVKOOVGP *GTUVGNNGT \WIGQTFPGV YGTFGP MQPPVG WPF UQOKV CWEJ P·JGTG #PICDGP \WT 'PVUVGJWPIU\GKV WPOÌINKEJ OCEJV 8QT CNNGO LGFQEJ UKPF JKGT FKG 7PVGTUEJKGFG \W FGP \CJNTGKEJ XGTDTGKVGVGP (·NUEJWPIGP CWU FGP GT ,CJTGP WPVGT 8GTYGPFWPI XQP IGIQUUGPGP -GVVGPINKGFGTP \W GTMGPPGP YQXQP YKT JKGT FTGK -GVVGPINKGFGT \WO 8GTINGKEJ CDDKN FGP #WHHCNNGPF UKPF XQT CNNGO FKG 7PVGTUEJKGFG KP FGT )GUVCNVWPI FGT /QPQITCOOINKGFGT FKG KP FGP 8GT\KGTWPIGP GTJGDNKEJG #DYGKEJWPIGP 2HGKNG XQO 1TKIKPCN CWHYGKUGP WPF KP FGP 'KEJGPNCWDMT·P\GP 2HGKNG WO FKG /GFCKN NQPU FKG DGK FGT (·NUEJWPI HNCEJ CWUIGHÒJTV UKPF KO )GIGPUCV\ \W FGTGP IGYÌNDVGT WPF HNKPMKGTVGT #WUHÒJTWPI KO 1TKIKPCN 6T·IGT FKGUGT -GVVG YCT )GQTI (NQT QNFGPDWTIKUEJGT ,WUVK\OKPKUVGT FGT UKG \WUCOOGP OKV FGO )TQ­ MTGW\ OKV FGT )QNFGPGP -TQPG KO ,CJTG XGTNKGJGP DGMQOOGP JCV 'T YCT FGT 8CVGT XQP 9KNJGNO (NQT 4GKEJUIGTKEJVUTCV ,WTKUV FGT $GMGPPGPFGP -KTEJG KO -KTEJGPMCORH IGIGP FCU 0CVKQPCNUQ\KCNKUVKUEJG 4GIKOG KP &GWVUEJNCPF $G[TGK­ \WHQNIG KP $;1 5 H YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV -GVVGP CP FKG 1TFGPUMCP\NGK IGNKGHGTV YQDGK LGFQEJ \W DGTÒEMUKEJVKIGP KUV FC­ FKG GPVURTGEJGPFGP 7PVGTNCIGP HÒT WPF HGJNGP &C LGFQEJ CD FGO ,CPWCT FKG -GVVG PKEJV OGJT CWVQOCVKUEJ \WUCOOGP OKV FGO )TQ­MTGW\ OKV FGT )QNFGPGP -TQPG XGTNKGJGP YWTFG FKG -GVVG XQP FKGUGO <GKVRWPMV CNUQ CNU GKIGPG JÌEJUVG -NCUUG FGU 1TFGPU CPIGUGJGP YGTFGP OW­ WPF KPUIGUCOV NCWV -NKGVOCPP WPF 0GWDGEMGT KP -1. 5 YKG CWEJ $G[TGK­ KP $;1 5 \YKUEJGP WPF PWT )QNFGPG )TQ­MTGW\G D\Y )TQ­MTGW\G OKV FGT )QNFGPGP -TQPG XGTNKGJGP YWTFGP YWTFGP OKV CP 5KEJGTJGKV ITGP\GPFGT 9CJTUEJGKPNKEJMGKV KP FGP DGKFGP HGJNGPFGP ,CJTGP MGKPG YGKVGTGP -GVVGP CPIGHGTVKIV UQ FC­ FKG )GUCOV #PHGTVKIWPIU <CJN XQP 'ZGORNCTGP CNU CDUQNWV CPIGUGJGP YGTFGP MCPP

58


SLG. BEYREISS - OLDENBURG

Gesamtansicht verkleinert

59


SLG. BEYREISS - OLDENBURG

152 (1:2)

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI -NGKPQF \WO )TQ­MTGW\ OKV FGT UKNDGTPGP -TQPG CD #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC 9 .COG[GT 5QJP KP *CPPQXGT \YKUEJGP WPF XQTFGTUGKVKIGU /GFCKNNQP <GPVTWO XGTVKMCN HNKPMKGTV 5KNDGT GOCKNNKGTV HGKPUVG 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK OKP 'OCKNNG %JKRU WPF URTÒPIG KO XQTFGTUGKVKIGP /GFCKNNQP <GPV TWO CO QTKIKPCNGP VNY GVYCU CWUIGDNGKEJVGP 5EJWNVGTDCPF $9- $;1 1'- ++ 9 .COG[GT 5QJP NKGHGTVG NCWV $G[TGK­ KP $;1 5 XQP DKU CP FKG 1TFGPUMCP\NGK WPF \YCT NCWV UGKPGP 6CDGNNGP 5 H OKPFGUVGPU WPF JÌEJUVGPU )TQ­MTGW\G OKV FGT UKNDGTPGP -TQPG &C WPF UQYQJN 9 .COG[GT 5QJP CNU CWEJ $GTPJCTF -PCWGT CP FKG 1TFGPUMCP\NGK IGNKGHGTV JCDGP WPF FKG CPIGIGDGPGP <CJNGP PKEJV CWHIGURNKVVGV UKPF MÌPPGP MGKPG RT·\KUGTGP #PICDGP IGOCEJV YGTFGP .CWV -NKGVOCPP WPF 0GWDGEMGT KP -1. 5 YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV )TQ­MTGW\G OKV FGT UKNDGTPGP -TQPG XGTNKGJGP FCXQP HÒPH KO ,CJTG XQP FGTGP +PJCDGTP PQEJ EC CO .GDGP YCTGP

153 (1:1)

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­MTGW\ OKV FGT 5KNDGTPGP -TQPG CD #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC 9 .COG[GT 5QJP KP *CPPQXGT \YKUEJGP WPF XQTFGTUGKVKIGU /GFCKNNQP <GPVTWO XGTVKMCN HNKPMKGTV 5KNDGT /GFCKNNQP 4KPI 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV 4GXGTU XGTIQNFGV VNY GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN FKGUG OKV *GTUVGNNGTDG \GKEJPWPI XQP .COG[GT WPF GT 5KNDGTRWP\G OKV -TQPG WPF *CNDOQPF $9- $;1 1'- 4 ++ 9 .COG[GT 5QJP NKGHGTVG NCWV $G[TGK­ KP $;1 5 XQP DKU OKPFGUVGPU WPF JÌEJUVGPU )TQ­ MTGW\G OKV FGT UKNDGTPGP -TQPG OKV FGP \WIGJÌTKIGP $TWUVUVGTPGP CP FKG 1TFGPUMCP\NGK

60


SLG. BEYREISS - OLDENBURG

154

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI 1TKIKPCNGU CNVGU MQPHGMVKQPKGTVGU 5EJWNVGTDCPF \WO -NGKPQF UQYQJN )TQ­MTGW\ OKV FGT IQNFGPGP -TQPG CNU CWEJ )TQ­MTGW\ KO CNVGP FGWVNKEJ DGUEJ·FKIVGP WPF VNY JKPVGTMNGDVGP WTURTÃ’PINKEJ FTGKHCEJ IGUKG IGNVGP 7OUEJNCI FGT 1TFGPU %CUUG OKV CNVGT #WHUEJTKHV 1TFGPUDCPF IGVTCIGP XQO )GPGTCNHGNFOCT UEJCNN )TCHGP X /QNVMG 444 ++ *GNOWVJ -CTN $GTPJCTF )TCH XQP /QNVMG XQP DKU %JGH FGU RTGW­KUEJGP )GPGTCNUVCDGU WPF OKNKV·TKUEJGT 8CVGT FGT 5KGIG KP FGP -TKGIGP XQP WPF

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI 1TKIKPCNGT CNVGT WPMQPHGMVKQPKGTVGT 5EJWNVGTDCPF #DUEJPKVV OO DTGKV WPF EO NCPI ++

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI 1TKIKPCNGT CNVGT WPMQPHGMVKQPKGTVGT 5EJWNVGTDCPF #DUEJPKVV OO DTGKV WPF EO NCPI ++

61


SLG. BEYREISS - OLDENBURG

(1:1,5)

157

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI )TQ­MQOVWTUGV DGUVGJGPF CWU )TQ­MQOVWT -TGW\ Z OO #PHGTVKIWPI XQP GPVYGFGT XQP %CTN <GNN KP *CPPQXGT QFGT FGT (KTOC )GQTI -PCWGT 9KNJGNO .COG[GT DGKFG KP *CPPQXGT XQT FGTUGKVKIGU /GFCKNNQP <GPVTWO OKV XGTVKMCNGT NCPIGT (NKPMKGTWPI 6TCIGTKPI UVCTT HKZKGTV )QNF GOCKNNKGTV FGT 5RTWPITKPI UR·VGT GTI·P\V 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV I 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK OKV PGWGO *CNU DCPF #DUEJPKVV WPF $TWUVUVGTP #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC ,QJCPPGU 9QJCEM KP (TCPMHWTV CO /CKP \YK UEJGP WPF XQTFGTUGKVKIGU /GFCKNNQP <GPVTWO MTGKUHÌTOKI GPI HNKPMKGTV 5KNDGT 4GXGTU XGTIQNFGV OKV XGTUV·TMVGP 5VGTPURKV\GP /GFCKNNQP 4KPI WPF /QPQITCOO )QNF CP 3WGTPCFGN FKGUG OKV *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G 91*#%- \WUCOOGP KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK WO $9- $;1 1'- 444 + ++ .CWV $G[TGK­ KP $;1 5 NKGHGTVGP FKG ,WYGNKGTG %CTN <GNNG KP *CPPQXGT )GQTI -PCWGT 9KNJGNO .COG[GT KP *CPPQXGT WPF ,QJCPPGU 9QJCEM KP (TCPMHWTV CO /CKP \WUCOOGP )TQ­MQOVWT 5GVU 5 CP FKG 1TFGPU MCP\NGK WPF ,QJCPPGU 9QJCEM PQEJ GKPOCN WPF LGYGKNU UGEJU 5GVU 'KPG UQNEJG -QODKPCVKQP XQP +PUKIPKGP XGTUEJKGFGPGT *GTUVGNNGT KUV FWTEJCWU PKEJV WPIGYÌJPNKEJ WPF URTKEJV CWEJ PKEJV IGIGP FKG 1TKIKPCNKV·V FGT <WUCOOGPHÒIWPI <WO $GKURKGN KUV INGKEJGU CWEJ HÒT FKG DC[GTKUEJGP 1TFGP PCEJ YGKUDCT 0CEJ 4ÒEMICDG FGT 1TFGPUKPUKIPKGP KP (QNIG FGU 6QFGU FGU $GNKGJGPGP YWTFGP FKGUG FGP 'VWKU GPVPQOOGP WPF OGKUV KP 5EJWDNCFGP CWHDGYCJTV $GK FGT 8QTDGTGKVWPI XQP 0GWXGTNGKJWPIGP YWTFGP FCPP FKG 5GVU YKNNMÒTNKEJ PGW \WUCOOGPIGUVGNNV WPF KP PGW CPIGHGTVKIVG 'VWKU IGNGIV .CWV -NKGVOCPP WPF 0GWDGEMGT KP -1. 5 YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV )TQ­MQOVWT 5GVU XGTNKGJGP FCXQP \YGK KO ,CJTG XQP FGTGP +PJCDGTP PQEJ EC CO .GDGP YCTGP

62


SLG. BEYREISS - OLDENBURG

(1:2)

158 (1:1)

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI )TQ­MQOVWTUGV #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC 9 .COG[GT 5QJP \YKUEJGP WPF DGUVGJGPF CWU )TQ­MQOVWT -TGW\ Z OO )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I XQTFGTUGKVKIGU /GFCKNNQP <GPVTWO JQTK\QP VCN HNKPMKGTV 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK FKG -TQPG CWHITWPF KJTGT )GUVCNVWPI YQJN XQP ,QJCPPGU 9QJCEM \YKUEJGP WPF IGHGTVKIV OKP 'OCKNNG 5RTÒPIG KO XQTFGTUGKVKIGP /GFCKNNQP <GPVTWO CWH FGT 6TCIGÌUG FGT -TQPG WPF CWH FGO 6TCIGTKPI LGYGKNU )QNFRWP\G WPF YGKVGTG PKEJV KFGPVKHK\KGTDCTG 2WP\G CO MWT\GP MQPHGMVKQPKGTVGP *CNUDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV XQTFGTUGKVK IGU /GFCKNNQP <GPVTWO XGTVKMCN HNKPMKGTV 4GXGTU XGTIQNFGV OKV *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI XQP .COG[GT WPF GT 5KNDGTRWP\G OKV -TQPG WPF *CNDOQPF CP 0CFGN KO QTKIKPCNGP GVYCU DGTKGDGPGP 8GTNGKJWPIU GVWK $9- $;1 #DD IGPCW FKGUGU 5GV 1'- + ++ 9 .COG[GT 5QJP NKGHGTVG NCWV $G[TGK­ KP $;1 5 XQP DKU OKPFGUVGPU WPF JÌEJUVGPU )TQ­ MQOVWT 5GVU OKV FGP \WIGJÌTKIGP $TWUVUVGTPGP CP FKG 1TFGPUMCP\NGK 8GTOKUEJWPIGP XQP $GUVCPFVGKNGP XGTUEJKGFGPGT 1TFGPUJGTUVGNNGT YCTGP KO ,CJTJWPFGTV CWEJ DGK 0GWCPHGTVKIWP IGP XQP +PUKIPKGP PKEJV WPIGYÌJPNKEJ FC WPDGUEJ·FKIVG 6GKNG HTÒJGTGT *GTUVGNNGT CWU \WTÒEMIGIGDGPGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP &GMQTCVKQPGP YKGFGT XGTYGPFGV YWTFGP XQT CNNGO PCVÒTNKEJ UQNEJG FKG KP )QNF IGHGTVKIV YCTGP &KGU YKTF DGUQP FGTU DGK FGP -TQPGP ªDGTJÌJWPIGP FGWVNKEJ FC FKGUG CWHITWPF KJTGT URG\KHKUEJGP )GUVCNVWPI CWEJ LGYGKNU DGUVKOO VGP *GTUVGNNGTP \WIGQTFPGV YGTFGP MÌPPGP 'KPG JGTCNFKUEJG -ÌPKIUMTQPG CWEJ CNU )TQ­JGT\QIUMTQPG XGTYGPFGV WPVGTNCI GKPGTUGKVU IGYKUUGP )GUVCNVWPIUXQTICDGP CPFGTGTUGKVU YCT FGT LGYGKNKIG *GTUVGNNGT \KGONKEJ HTGK YCU FKG 7OUGV\WPI DGVTKHHV \ $ KO 8GTJ·NVPKU XQP *ÌJG WPF $TGKVG \WGKPCPFGT QFGT QD FGT WPVGTG 4CPF FGU -TQPGPDÒIGNU IGTCFG QFGT IGYÌNDV QFGT QD FKG -TQPGPDÒIGN QDGP UVWHGPHÌTOKI CPIGQTFPGV UKPF QFGT PKEJV WUY

63


SLG. BEYREISS - OLDENBURG

159

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­MQOVWT #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC $GTPJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI \YKUEJGP WPF XQTFGTUGKVKIGU /GFCKNNQP <GPVTWO UVTCJNGPHÌTOKI HNKPMKGTV 5KNDGT /GFCKNNQP 4KPI WPF /QPQ ITCOO 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV VNY XGTICPIGP 4GXGTU PKEJV XGTIQNFGV VNY GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN FKGUG OKV *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI XQP -PCWGT $9- $;1 1'- ++ #WHITWPF FGT #PICDGP XQP $CTGKU KP $;1 5 WPF MCPP FKG *GTUVGNNWPI FKGUGU 'ZGORNCTU CWH FGP <GKVTCWO \YKUEJGP WPF GKPIGITGP\V YGTFGP (ÒT FKGUGP <GKVTCWO IKDV GT CP 5 FC­ WPVGT $GTÒEMUKEJVKIWPI FGT HGJNGPFGP #PICDGP HÒT FKG ,CJTG WPF KPUIGUCOV )TQ­MQOVWTG OKV $TWUVUVGTPGP CP FKG 1TFGPU MCP\NGK IGNKGHGTV YWTFGP

160

64

161

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI 1TFGPU &KRNQO \WO 'JTGP )TQ­EQOVJWT HÒT FGP /KPKUVGT C & WPF 1DGTUV 4ÌOGT FCVKGTV 4CUVGFV CO #WIWUV OKV 2CRKGT 1TFGPUUKGIGN WPF 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV XQP )TQ­JGT\QI 0KEQNCWU (TKGFTKEJ 2GVGT ++ WPF FGU 1TFGPUMCP\NGTU X $GCWNKGW WPF /CTEQPPC[ GVYCU UVQEMHNGEMKI \YGK OKP 'KPTKUUG FTGKHCEJ IGHCNVGV 44 ++ 5QNEJ HTÒJG 7TMWPFGP UKPF XQP ITQ­GT 5GNVGPJGKV 'U JCPFGNV UKEJ JKGTDGK WO FGP UR·VGTGP 1DGTUV WPF /KPKUVGT 4ÌOGT WPF PKEJV WO FGP )GTKEJVU 2T·UKFGPVGP (TKGFTKEJ 9KNJGNO #PVQP 4ÌOGT XQP DKU -CP\NGT FGU 1TFGPU 9GKVGTG 7TMWPFGP FGU /KPKUVGTU 4ÌOGT UKGJG -CV 0T WPF )TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG \WO 'JTGP )TQ­MQOVWTMTGW\ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP HÒT FGP )GPGTCNOCLQT XQP 5EJGNKJC KP 1NFGPDWTI FCVKGTV 1NFGPDWTI CO 0QXGODGT OKV 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV FGU )TQ­JGT\QIU (TKGF TKEJ #WIWUV IGHCNVGV WPF OKP GKPIGTKUUGP <WUCOOGP OKV 4GRTQ GKPGT 2JQVQITCRJKG 5EJGNKJCU 444 ++ 5GJT UGNVGPG 7TMWPFG CWUIGHGTVKIV PWT FTGK 6CIG XQT FGT #DFCPMWPI FGU )TQ­JGT\QIU .CWV #PICDGP XQP -NKGV OCPP WPF 0GWDGEMGT KP -1. 5 YWTFGP KO ,CJT ÒDGTJCWRV MGKPG )TQ­ -QOVWTMTGW\G XGTNKGJGP )TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI )TQ­MQOVWTUGV OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CD DGUVGJGPF CWU )TQ­MQOVWT -TGW\ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP #PHGTVK IWPI FGT (KTOC 9 .COG[GT 5QJP XQTFGTUGKVKIGU /GFCKNNQP <GPVTWO JQTK\QPVCN HNKPMKGTV Z OO )QNF GOCKNNKGTV 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK FKG -TQPG CWHITWPF KJTGT )GUVCNVWPI YQJN XQP ,QJCPPGU 9QJCEM \YKUEJGP WPF IGHGTVKIV FKG 5EJYGTVGT IGUVGEMV WPF HGKPUV CNV XGTNÌVGV CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP WPMQPHGMVKQPKGTVGP *CNUDCPF #DUEJPKVV WPF $TWUVUVGTP OKV 5EJYGTVGTP #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC $ -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI YQJN XQP XQTFGTUGKVKIGU /GFCKNNQP <GPVTWO UVTCJNGPHÌTOKI HNKPMKGTV 5KN DGT /GFCKNNQP 4KPI /QPQITCOO WPF 5EJYGTVGT 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV 8GTIQNFWPI VNY XGTICPIGP FKG 5EJYGTVGT CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG OKV MNGKPGP *QJNPKGVGP DGHGUVKIV KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK $9- $;1 1'- 4444 ++


SLG. BEYREISS - OLDENBURG

(1:1,5)

162 (1:1)

$GFGWVGPFGU 5GV XQP CNNGTITÌ­VGT 5GNVGPJGKV GKPG FGT DGFGWVGPFUVGP QNFGPDWTIKUEJGP 4CTKV·VGP .CWV $G[TGK­ KP $;1 5 H JCV 9 .COG[GT 5QJP ÒDGTJCWRV MGKP )TQ­MQOVWT 5GV OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CP FKG 1TFGPUMCP\NGK IGNKGHGTV 9GPP OCP FCXQP CWUIGJV FC­ $G[TGK­ 6CDGNNGP CWEJ UQNEJG PCEJ WPF WOIGTÒUVGVGP 5VÒEMG DGTÒEMUKEJVKIV FÒTHVG FKGUGU -TGW\ KO ,CJTG XQP FGT (KTOC $GTPJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI OKV 5EJYGTVGTP KP )QNF XGTUGJGP YQTFGP UGKP FC FKGUG NCWV $G[TGK­ YQJN KPUIGUCOV PWT GKP )TQ­MQOVWT 5GV OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CP FKG 1TFGPUMCP\NGK IGNKGHGTV JCDG GDGP KO ,CJTG *KGTDGK KUV LGFQEJ \W DGTÒEMUKEJVKIGP FC­ FKG FKGUDG\ÒINKEJGP 7PVGTNCIGP HÒT FKG ,CJTG WPF HGJNGP &GPPQEJ MCPP OKV CP 5KEJGTJGKV ITGP\GPFGT 9CJT UEJGKPNKEJMGKV FCXQP CWUIGICPIGP YGTFGP FC­ GU UKEJ DGK FKGUGO 5GV WO IGPCW LGPGU DGK $G[TGK­ CWHIGHÒJTVG KO ,CJTG XQP $GTPJCTF -PCWGT IGNKGHGTVG JCPFGNV $GOGTMGPUYGTV KUV FGT 7OUVCPF FC­ FKGUGT $TWUVUVGTP FKG HÒT FKG (KTOC <KOOGTOCPP KP 2HQT\JGKO V[RKUEJG 8GT PKGVWPI FGT 5EJYGTVGT OKVVGNU MNGKPGP *QJNPKGVGP CWHYGKUV UQ FC­ FWTEJCWU FKG J[RQVJGVKUEJG (TCIG IGUVGNNV YGTFGP MCPP QD WPF DKU YCPP -PCWGT FKG 5VÒEMG UGNDUV IGHGTVKIV QFGT UKG GXGPVWGNN CD GKPGO DGUVKOOVGP <GKVRWPMV XQP FGT 2HQT\JGKOGT (KTOC DG\QIGP JCV <WT -QODKPCVKQP XQP +PUKIPKGP XGTUEJKGFGPGT *GTUVGNNGT UKGJG FKGUDG\ÒINKEJG #POGTMWPI \W -CV 0T WPF WPF \WT 8GTOKUEJWPI XQP $GUVCPFVGKNGP XGTUEJKGFGPGT 1TFGPUJGTUVGNNGT DGK 0GWCPHGTVKIWPIGP UKGJG FKGUDG\ÒINKEJG #POGTMWPI \W -CV 0T .CWV -NKGVOCPP WPF 0GWDGEMGT KP -1. 5 YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV PWT )TQ­MQOVWT 5GVU OKV 5EJYGTVGTP XGTNKGJGP XQP FGTGP +PJCDGTP PQEJ EC HÒPH CO .GDGP YCTGP

65


SLG. BEYREISS - OLDENBURG

163 (1:1)

166 (1:1)

166 (1:1)

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI -QOVWTMTGW\ Z OO #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC ,QJCPPGU 9QJCEM KP (TCPMHWTV CO /CKP \YKUEJGP WPF XQTFGTUGKVKIGU /GFCKNNQP <GPVTWO MTGKUHÌTOKI GPI OKV MWT\GP -GTDGP HNKPMKGTV )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK CNVG 'OCKNNGTGRCTCVWT KO <GPVTWO FGU #XGTU /GFCKNNQPU CO QTKIK PCNGP CNVGP MQPHGMVKQPKGTVGP WPF IGVTCIGPGP *CNUDCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK WO $9- $;1 1'- 4 ++ +P FKGUGT HTÒJGP #PHGTVKIWPI UGNVGP .CWV $G[TGK­ KP $;1 5 NKGHGTVGP FKG ,WYGNKGTG %CTN <GNNG KP *CPPQXGT )GQTI -PCWGT 9KNJGNO .COG[GT KP *CPPQXGT WPF ,QJCPPGU 9QJCEM KP (TCPMHWTV CO /CKP \WUCOOGP -QOVWTMTGW\G CP FKG 1TFGPUMCP\NGK WPF ,QJCPPGU 9QJCEM PQEJ GKPOCN WPF LGYGKNU UGEJU -TGW\G .CWV -NKGVOCPP WPF 0GWDGEMGT KP -1. 5 YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV -QOVWTMTGW\G XGTNKGJGP FCXQP UGEJU KO ,CJTG XQP FGTGP +PJCDGTP PQEJ EC CO .GDGP YCTGP

Großherzoglich Oldenburgischer Haus- und Verdienst-Orden des Herzogs Peter Friedrich Ludwig. 1TFGPU &KRNQO \WO 'JTGP %QOVJWT HÒT FGP 5VCCVUTCVJ 4ÌOGT &KTGEVQT FGT ,WUVK\ %CP\NGK FGU *GT\QI VWOU 1NFGPDWTI WPF %CRKVWNCT -NGKPMTGW\ FGU *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUVQTFGPU FCVKGTV 1NFGPDWTI CO ,CPWCT OKV 2CRKGT 1TFGPUUKGIGN WPF 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV XQP )TQ­JGT\QI 2CWN (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV

+ WPF FGU 1TFGPUMCP\NGTU XQP $GTI FTGKHCEJ IGHCNVGV RR ++ 5QNEJG HTÒJGP 7TMWPFGP UKPF XQP ITQ­GT 5GNVGPJGKV 'U JCPFGNV UKEJ JKGTDGK WO (TKGFTKEJ 9KNJGNO #PVQP 4ÌOGT FGT 2T·UKFGPV FGU 1NFGPDWTIGT 1DGT #RRGNNCVKQPUIGTKEJVU YCT WPF XQP DKU CWEJ CNU -CP\NGT FGU 1TFGPU COVKGTVG WPF PKEJV WO FGP UR·VGTGP 1DGTUV WPF /KPKUVGT 4ÌOGT 9GKVGTG 7TMWPFGP FGU )GTKEJVU 2T·UKFGP VGP 4ÌOGT UKGJG -CV 0T WPF

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI 1TFGPU &KRNQO \WO 'JTGP %QOVJWT HÒT FGP /KPKUVGT WPF 1DGTUVNKGWVGPCPV 4ÌOGT %CRKVWNCT -NGKPMTGW\ FGU *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUVQTFGPU FCVKGTV 1NFGPDWTI CO ,CPWCT OKV 2CRKGT 1TFGPUUKGIGN WPF 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV XQP )TQ­JGT\QI 0KEQNCWU (TKGFTKEJ 2GVGT ++ WPF FGU 1TFGPUMCP\NGTU X $GCWNKGW WPF /CTEQPPC[ GVYCU UVQEMHNGEMKI \YGK MNGKPG $GUEJ·FKIWPIGP FTGKHCEJ IGHCNVGV 44 ++ 5QNEJ HTÒJG 7TMWPFGP UKPF XQP ITQ­GT 5GNVGPJGKV 'U JCPFGNV UKEJ JKGTDGK WO FGP UR·VGTGP 1DGTUV WPF /KPKUVGT 4ÌOGT WPF PKEJV WO FGP )GTKEJVU 2T·UKFGPVGP (TKGFTKEJ 9KNJGNO #PVQP 4ÌOGT XQP DKU -CP\NGT FGU 1TFGPU (TKGFTKEJ 9KNJGNO #PVQP 4ÌOGT 4ÌOGT JCVVG LC DGTGKVU FCU 'JTGP -QOVWTMTGW\ XQP )TQ­JGT\QI 2CWN (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV + XGTNKGJGP DGMQOOGP FGUUGP 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG UKGJG XQTJGTIGJGPFG -CV 0T 9GKVGTG 7TMWPFGP FGU /KPKUVGTU 4ÌOGT UKGJG -CV 0T WPF

66

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI -QOVWTMTGW\ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CD Z OO #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC )GQTI -PCWGT %QOR KP *CPPQXGT \YKUEJGP WPF XQTFGTUGKVKIGU /GFCKNNQP <GPVTWO MTGKUHÌTOKI GPI OKV NCPIGP -GTDGP HNKPMKGTV )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK FKG 5EJYGTVGTMNKPIGP IGUVGEMV WPF CNV XGTNÌVGV FKG NKPMG DGYGINKEJ FKG 5EJYGTVGTITKHHG KP RTGW­KUEJGT )GUVCNVWPI IGIQUUGP =VJG UYQTF JKNVU 2TWUUKCP UV[NG ECUV? WPF CPIGNÌVGV FGT 5RTWPITKPI UR·VGT GTI·P\V OKV CNVGO *CNUDCPF #DUEJPKVV KO 1TKIKPCNGVWK $9- $;1 1'- 44 ++ +++


SLG. BEYREISS - OLDENBURG

6TQV\ FGT 'KPUEJT·PMWPIGP XQP CNNGTITÌ­VGT 5GNVGPJGKV 'U JCPFGNV UKEJ JKGTDGK CWHITWPF FGT (NKPMKGTWPI FGU XQTFGTUGKVKIGP /GFCKNNQP <GPVTWOU WPF FGT )GUVCNVWPI FGU -TQPGPTGKHGU WO GKPG #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC )GQTI -PCWGT %QOR KP *CPPQXGT CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP WPF 8QP DKU NKGHGTVGP -PCWGT WPF &KGVTKEJ PCEJ $G[TGK­ KP $;1 5 \WUCOOGP PWT 'ZGORNCTG -PCWGT PQEJ GKPOCN YGKVGTG UGEJU 5VÒEM <W GKPGO UR·VGTGP <GKVRWPMV FÒTHVGP LGFQEJ FKG QTKIKPCNGP 5EJYGTVGTITKHHG XGTNQTGP IGICPIGP UGKP WPF YWTFGP PCEJ YQJN KP FGP GT ,CJTGP OKV IGIQUUGPGP 5EJYGTVGTITKHHGP RTGW­KUEJGP 5VKNU GTI·P\V .CWV -NKGVOCPP WPF 0GWDGEMGT KP -1. 5 YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV PWT -QOVWTMTGW\G OKV 5EJYGTVGTP XGTNKGJGP FCXQP HÒPH KO ,CJTG XQP FGTGP +PJCDGTP PQEJ EC CO .GDGP YCTGP

168

167 (1:1)

167 (1:1)

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI -QOVWTMTGW\ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CO 4KPI CD Z OO #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC )GQTI -PCWGT %QOR KP *CPPQXGT \YKUEJGP WPF XQTFGTUGKVKIGU /GFCKNNQP <GPVTWO MTGKUHÌTOKI GPI OKV NCPIGP -GTDGP HNKPMKGTV )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK CO CNVGP NCPIGP OO DTGKVGP WPF IGVTCIGPGP *CNUDCPF $9- $;1 1'- 4444 ++ 'ZGORNCT XQP UGJT ITQ­GT 5GNVGPJGKV 'U JCPFGNV UKEJ JKGTDGK CWHITWPF FGT (NKPMKGTWPI FGU XQTFGTUGKVKIGP /GFCKNNQP <GPVTWOU WPF FGT )GUVCNVWPI FGU -TQPGPTGKHGU WO GKPG #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC )GQTI -PCWGT %QOR KP *CPPQXGT CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP WPF 8QP DKU NKGHGTVGP -PCWGT WPF &KGVTKEJ PCEJ $G[TGK­ KP $;1 5 \WUCOOGP PWT \YGK 'ZGORNCTG -PCWGT FCPCEJ KP FGP ,CJTGP WPF KPUIGUCOV PQEJ YGKVGTG PGWP 5VÒEM .CWV -NKGVOCPP WPF 0GWDGEMGT KP -1. 5 YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV PWT -QOVWTMTGW\G OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CO 4KPI XGTNKGJGP XQP FGTGP +PJCDGTP PQEJ EC UGEJU CO .GDGP YCTGP

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG \WO 'JTGP -QOVWTMTGW\ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CO 4KPI HÒT FGP RTGW­KUEJGP 1DGTUV C & (TGGNU -QOOCPFGWT FGU )TQ­JGT\QINKEJGP )GPFCTOGTKGMQTRU FCVKGTV *CWU .GPUCJP CO 1MVQDGT OKV 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV FGU )TQ­JGT\QIU (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV <WUCOOGP OKV FGO 4GRTQ GKPGU 2JQVQU XQP (TGNU CWH FGO GT FCU -TGW\ VT·IV ++ 5GJT UGNVGPG 7TMWPFG 5KGDGP #WU\GKEJPWPIUOKPKCVWTGP CWU FGO 0CEJNC­ (TGGNU DKGVGP YKT WPVGT -CV 0T CP

67


SLG. BEYREISS - OLDENBURG

170 169

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\ CD #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC $GTPJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YK UEJGP WPF XQTFGTUGKVKIGU /GFCKNNQP <GPVTWO UVTCJNGPHÌTOKI HNKPMKGTV 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK $9- $;1 #DD WPF IGPCW FKGUGU 'ZGORNCT 1'- ++ &CU -TGW\ YWTFG XQP 4KEJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI GPVYQTHGP FKG .KGHGTWPI GTHQNIVG FWTEJ FKG (KTOC UGKPGU 8CVGTU $GTPJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI .CWV $G[TGK­ KP $;1 5 YWTFGP XQP -PCWGT \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\G IGNKGHGTV YQDGK LGFQEJ FKG 7PVGTNCIGP HÒT WPF HGJNGP &C KP FKGUGP ,CJTGP KP LGFGO ,CJT 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\G IGNKGHGTV YWTFGP WPF KP FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP WPF L·JTNKEJ \YKUEJGP WPF 5VÒEM MCPP OCP HÒT FKG DGKFGP HGJNGPFGP ,CJTG GKPG .KGHGTWPI XQP LGYGKNU 'ZGORNCTGP CPPGJOGP UQ FC­ FKG )GUCOV\CJN CNNGT IGNKGHGTVGP -TGW\G DGK MPCRR WPVGT 5VÒEM NKGIGP FÒTHVG 8IN CWEJ -NKG 'TPUV &GT )QNFUEJOKGF WPF /GFCKNNGWT 4KEJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI +P 1/( 5 H 0T .CWV -NKGVOCPP WPF 0GWDGEMGT KP -1. 5 YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\G XGTNKGJGP FCXQP HÒPH KO ,CJTG XQP FGTGP +PJCDGTP PQEJ EC CO .GDGP YCTGP

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CD #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC $GTPJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP WPF XQTFGTUGKVKIGU /GFCKNNQP <GPVTWO UVTCJNGPHÌTOKI HNKPMKGTV 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV GKPG 5EJYGTVGTMNKPIG WPF GKP 5EJYGTVGTITKHH OKP XGTDQIGP CP 0CFGN KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK $9- $;1 #DD IGPCW FKGUGU 'ZGORNCT 1'- 444 ++ <YGKHGNUHTGKGU WPF GZVTGO UGNVGPGU 1TKIKPCNGZGORNCT .CWV $G[TGK­ KP $;1 5 YWTFGP XQP -PCWGT PWT HÒPH 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\G OKV 5EJYGTVGTP WPF PQEJ GKPOCN 5VÒEM CNUQ KPUIGUCOV PWT 'ZGORNCTG CP FKG 1TFGPUMCP\NGK IGNKGHGTV YQDGK LGFQEJ FKG 7PVGTNCIGP HÒT WPF HGJNGP #NNGTFKPIU FÒTHVG GU YGPKI YCJTUEJGKPNKEJ UGKP FC­ KP FKGUGP DGKFGP ,CJTGP MGKPG YGKVGTGP 'ZGORNCTG IGNKGHGTV YWTFGP .CWV -NKGVOCPP WPF 0GWDGEMGT KP -1. 5 YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV PWT PGWP 1HHK\KGTU MTGW\G OKV 5EJYGTVGTP XGTNKGJGP FCXQP GKPGU KO ,CJTG XQP FGTGP +PJCDGTP PQEJ EC CEJV CO .GDGP YCTGP &KG XQP 0KOOGTIWV KP 1'- 5 0T HÒT FKGUG -NCUUG CPIGIGDGPG $GYGTVWPIUPQVKGTWPI XQP PWT JCNVGP YKT KP #PDGVTCEJV FGT ITQ­GP 5GNVGPJGKV FGT 1TKIKPCNGZGORNCTG HÒT TGNCVKX PKGFTKI

68


SLG. BEYREISS - OLDENBURG

172 (1:1)

172 (1:1) 171

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG \WO 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP HÒT FGP 1DGTUVNGWVPCPV 5GNMOCPP FCVKGTV 1NFGPDWTI CO &G\GODGT OKV 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV FGU )TQ­JGT\QIU (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV GKPOCN IGHCNVGV ++ 5GNMOCPP FKGPVG W C CNU #TVKNNGTKG 1HHK\KGT FGT 5EJWV\VTWRRG KP &GWVUEJ 5ÒFYGUVCHTKMC WPF UR·VGT KO $CFKUEJGP (GNFCTVKNNGTKG 4GIKOGPV )TQ­JGT\QI 0T 9·JTGPF FGU 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIU MQOOCPFKGTVG GT CNU /CLQT FCU (GNFCTVKNNGTKG 4GIKOGPV WPF CNU 1DGTUVNGWVPCPV FCU (GNFCTVKNNGTKG 4GIKOGPV 7PVGT -CV 0T DKGVGP YKT UGKPG ITQ­G 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG WPF YGKVGTG &QMWOGPVG CWU UGKPGO 0CEJNC­ CP

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI 5QIGP 5COONGT #PHGTVKIWPI =EQR[ ? CWU FGP GT ,CJTGP GKPGU 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\GU OKV 5EJYGTVGTP ÒDGT FGO -TGW\ 5EJYGTVGTP CO 4KPI 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN FKGUG WPF FGT 0CFGNJCMGP OKV HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT 'KPHWJTRWP\G HÒT 5KNDGT XQP DKU 5EJYCP ++ 7 C FKG WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJG )GUVCNVWPI XQP 0CFGNDQEM WPF 0CFGN KO 8GTINGKEJ \W FGP XQP -PCWGT IGHGTVKIVGP 5VÒ EMGP YGKUGP FKGUGU 'ZGORNCT CNU GKPG UR·VGTG #PHGTVKIWPI CWU .CWV $G[TGK­ KP $;1 5 YWTFGP XQP -PCWGT PWT UGEJU 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\G OKV 5EJYGTVGTP ÒDGT FGO -TGW\ WPF PQEJ GKPOCN FTGK 5VÒEM CNUQ KPUIGUCOV PWT PGWP 'ZGORNCTG CP FKG 1TFGPUMCP\NGK IGNKGHGTV YQDGK LGFQEJ FKG 7PVGTNCIGP HÒT WPF HGJNGP #NNGTFKPIU FÒTHVG GU YGPKI YCJTUEJGKPNKEJ UGKP FC­ KP FKGUGP DGKFGP ,CJTGP YGKVGTG 'ZGORNCTG IGNKGHGTV YWTFGP .CWV -NKGVOCPP WPF 0GWDGEMGT KP -1. 5 YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV PWT HÒPH 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\G OKV 5EJYGTVGTP ÒDGT FGO -TGW\ XGTNKGJGP FGTGP +PJCDGT PQEJ CNNG CO .GDGP YCTGP

173 (1:1)

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI .GGTGU 'VWK FGT (KTOC ) -PCWGT 9 .COG[GT HÒT FCU -NGKPMTGW\ OKV (KTOGPGVKMGVV CWH FGO $QFGP 8GTUEJNW­JCMGP HGJNV ++ &GT $QFGP IGPCW FKGUGU 'VWKU OKV FGO (KTOGPGVKMGVV KUV DGK $G[TGK­ KP $;1 5 #DD CDIGDKNFGV .CWV $G[TGK­ KP $;1 5 NKGHGTVG FKG (KTOC ) -PCWGT 9 .COG[GT KP *CPPQXGT CWUUEJNKG­NKEJ \WUCO OGP OKV FGO ,WYGNKGT %CTN <GNN KP *CPPQXGT WPF FGO ,WYGNKGT ,QJCPPGU 9QJCEM KP (TCPMHWTV FKG 'TUVCWUUVCVVWPI FGU PGWIGUVKHVGVGP 1TFGPU CP FKG 1TFGPUMCP\NGK FCTWPVGT 5 KPUIGUCOV -NGKPMTGW\G &CTÒDGT YKG XKGNG FCXQP -PCWGT .COC[GT IGNKGHGTV JCDGP NKGIGP WPU NGKFGT MGKPG FGVCKNNKGTVGP +PHQTOCVKQPGP XQT

69


SLG. BEYREISS - OLDENBURG

174

175

174

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI -NGKPMTGW\ CD 4KVVGTMTGW\ + -NCUUG MNGKPGTG #WUHÒJTWPI &WTEJOGUUGT OO #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC ,QJCPPGU 9QJCEM KP (TCPMHWTV CO /CKP \YKUEJGP WPF XQTFGTUGKVKIGU /GFCKNNQP <GPV TWO MTGKUHÌTOKI GPI OKV MWT\GP -GTDGP HNKPMKGTV )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I OKV $CPF 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK FKG -TQPGP ªDGTJÌJWPI \YKUEJGP WPF YQJN XQP 9 .COG[GT 5QJP KP *CPPQXGT QFGT XQP $GTPJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI GTI·P\V CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP $QIGPDCPF $9- $;1 1'- ++ 'U JCPFGNV UKEJ JKGTDGK WO GKPG #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC ,QJCPPGU 9QJCEM KP (TCPMHWTV CO /CKP CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP WPF DGK FGT FKG -TQPGP ªDGTJÌJWPI \YKUEJGP WPF GPVYGFGT XQP 9 .COG[GT 5QJP KP *CPPQXGT QFGT XQP $GTPJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI GTI·P\V YQTFGP KUV &CDGK KUV \W DGTÒEMUKEJVKIGP FC­ FKG -TQPGP ªDGTJÌJWPI XQP .COG[GT WPF -PCWGT GKPG KFGPVKUEJG )GUVCNVWPI CWHYGKUGP .CWV $G[TGK­ KP $;1 5 NKGHGTVGP FKG ,WYGNKGTG %CTN <GNN KP *CPPQXGT )GQTI -PCWGT 9KNJGNO .COG[GT KP *CPPQXGT WPF ,QJCPPGU 9QJCEM KP (TCPMHWTV CO /CKP \WUCOOGP -NGKPMTGW\G ,QJCPPGU 9QJCEM FCPP PQEJ XQP DKU YGKVGTG 5VÒEM #NNGTFKPIU GTY·JPV $G[TGK­ CWEJ KP $;1 5 FC­ 4GRCTCVWTGP CP 1TFGPUKPUKIPKGP DKU XQP FGT (KTOC ' 9GDGT KP 1NFGPDWTI WPF CD XQP FGT (KTOC $GTPJCTF -PCWGT FWTEJIGHÒJTV YWTFGP 9QTKP CNNGTFKPIU FKGUG 4GRCTCVWTGP DGUVCPFGP QD GU UKEJ FCDGK PWT WO 'OCKNNGCTDGKVGP QFGT CWEJ WO 'TI·P\WPIGP WPF 0CEJTÒUVWPIGP IGJCPFGNV JCV FCTÒDGT YGTFGP MGKPG #PICDGP IGOCEJV .CWV -NKGVOCPP WPF 0GWDGEMGT KP -1. 5 YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV PWT -NGKPMTGW\G D\Y 4KVVGTMTGW\G + -NCUUG XGTNKGJGP FCXQP CEJV KO ,CJTG XQP FGTGP +PJCDGTP PQEJ EC CO .GDGP YCTGP )TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI 1TFGPU &KRNQO \WO 'JTGP -NGKPMTGW\ HÒT FGP /CLQT 4ÌOGT FCVKGTV 1NFGPDWTI CO ,CPWCT OKV 2CRKGT 1TFGPUUKGIGN WPF 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV XQP )TQ­JGT\QI 2CWN (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV ++ WPF FGU 1TFGPUMCP\NGTU X $GCWNKGW WPF /CTEQPPC[ GVYCU GKPIGTKUUGP XKGTHCEJ IGHCNVGV 44 ++ 5QNEJ HTÒJG 7TMWPFGP UKPF XQP ITQ­GT 5GNVGPJGKV 'U JCPFGNV UKEJ JKGTDGK WO FGP UR·VGTGP 1DGTUV WPF /KPKUVGT 4ÌOGT WPF PKEJV WO FGP )GTKEJVU 2T·UKFGPVGP (TKGFTKEJ 9KNJGNO #PVQP 4ÌOGT XQP DKU -CP\NGT FGU 1TFGPU 9GKVGTG 7TMWPFGP FGU /KPKUVGTU 4ÌOGT UKGJG -CV 0T WPF

176

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI 4KVVGTMTGW\ + -NCUUG CD UQ DG\GKEJPGV ITÌ­GTG #WUHÒJTWPI &WTEJOGUUGT OO #PHGTVK IWPI FGT (KTOC $GTPJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI \YKUEJGP WPF 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKN NKGTV FKG /GFCKNNQPU ·NVGTG #PHGTVKIWPIGP KP )QNF XQP 9 .COG[GT 5QJP XQTFGTUGKVKIGU /GFCKN NQP <GPVTWO XGTVKMCN HNKPMKGTV CNVG #DURNKVVGTWPIGP WPF 5RTÒPIG KP FGT YGK­GP 'OCKNNG FGT 8QTFGTUGKVG FKG YGK­G 'OCKNNG FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG VNY TGUVCWTKGTV FKG 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK ITÌ­VGPVGKNU WPHCEJIGO·­ GTI·P\V CO CNVGP $TWUVDCPF OKV CWHIGNGIVGT 4QUGVVG $9- $;1 1'- ++ +++ +++ +8 $GTPJCTF -PCWGT HGTVKIVG \YKUEJGP WPF PWT 4KVVGTMTGW\G + -NCUUG KP XGTIQNFGVGO 5KNDGT CP YQDGK QHHGPUKEJVNKEJ CWEJ )QNFGPG /GFCKNNQPU HTÒJGTGT *GTUVGNNGT XGTYGPFGV YWTFGP #WHITWPF FGT CWH FGO $CPF CWHIG NGIVGP 4QUGVVG KUV CP\WPGJOGP FC­ FGT OKV FKGUGO -TGW\ $GNKGJGPG YQJN (TCP\QUG QFGT $GNIKGT YCT

70


SLG. BEYREISS - OLDENBURG

177 (1:1)

178 (1:1)

178 (1:1)

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI /KPKCVWT FGU 4KVVGTMTGW\GU + -NCUUG 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV HGKPUVG 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK QJPG $·PF EJGP ++

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI -NGKPMTGW\ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CD 4KVVGTMTGW\ + -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP ITÌ­GTG #WUHÒJTWPI &WTEJ OGUUGT OO #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC $GTPJCTF &KGVTKEJ CWU #NVGPDWTI \YKUEJGP WPF OKV JQEJIGYÌNDVGO #XGTU /GFCKNNQP FCU /GFCKNNQP <GPVTWO CWHITWPF FGT FWPMNGP 'OCKNNG WPFGWVDCT HNKPMKGTV )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK FKG IGRT·IVGP 5EJYGTVGT HGKPUV XGTNÌVGV OKV QTKIKPC NGO CNVGP $CPFCDUEJPKVV KO CNVGP 1TKIKPCNGVWK $9- $;1 1'- 444 ++ $GTPJCTF &KGVTKEJ CWU #NVGPDWTI NKGHGTVG NCWV $G[TGK­ KP $;1 5 XQP DKU +PUKIPKGP CNNGT 5VWHGP CP FKG 1TFGPUMCP\NGK <YKUEJGP WPF UCPFVGP GT WPF FKG (KTOC )GQTI -PCWGT %QOR \WUCOOGP PWT 5 -NGKPMTGW\G OKT 5EJYGTVGTP D\Y 4KVVGTMTGW\G + -NCUUG CP FKG 1TFGPUMCP\NGK YQDGK NGKFGT MGKPG #WUMWPHV FCTÒDGT IGIGDGP YGTFGP MCPP YKG JQEJ &KGVTKEJU #PVGKN FCTCP YCT .CWV -NKGVOCPP WPF 0GWDGEMGT KP -1. 5 YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV PWT -NGKPMTGW\G OKV 5EJYGTVGTP D\Y 4KVVGTMTGW\G + -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP XGTNKGJGP FCXQP UGEJU KO ,CJTG XQP FGTGP +PJCDGTP PQEJ EC CO .GDGP YCTGP

179 (1:1)

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI 5QIGP 5COONGT #PHGTVKIWPI =EQR[ ? CWU FGP GT ,CJTGP GKPGU 4KVVGTMTGW\GU + -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP FKG #XGTU WPF 4GXGTU /GFCKNNQPU XGTVCWUEJV 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO PGWGP $TWUVDCPF ++ 7 C FKG WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJG 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK KO 8GTINGKEJ \W FGP XQP -PCWGT IGHGTVKIVGP 5VÒEMGP YGKUGP FKGUGU 'ZGORNCT CNU GKPG UR·VGTG #PHGTVKIWPI CWU

71


SLG. BEYREISS - OLDENBURG

182 (1:1)

180 (1:1)

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI 4KVVGTMTGW\ + -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CO 4KPI MNGKPGTG #WUHÒJTWPI &WTEJOGUUGT OO #PHGTVK IWPI FGT (KTOC $GTPJCTF -PCWGT XQP XQTFGTUGKVKIGU /GFCKNNQP <GPVTWO UVTCJNGPHÌTOKI HNKPMKGTV )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK OKV PGWGO $CPFCDUEJPKVV KO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK $9- $;1 1'- 444 ++ #WHITWPF FGT )GUVCNVWPI FGT -TQPG FGT (NKPMKGTWPI FGU XQTFGTUGKVKIGP /GFCKNNQP <GPVTWOU WPF FGU XGTYGPFGVGP /CVGTKCNU N·­V UKEJ FKGUGU 5VÒEM YQJN CNU GKPGU FGT XQP -PCWGT KO ,CJTG CP FKG 1TFGPUMCP\NGK IGNKGHGTVGP 'ZGORNCTG KFGPVKHK\KGTGP YQDGK LGFQEJ \W DGTÒEMUKEJVKIGP KUV FC­ HÒT FKG ,CJTG WPF FKG GPVURTGEJGPFGP 7PVGTNCIGP HGJNGP 'U FÒTHVG LGFQEJ CWU\WUEJNKG­GP UGKP FC­ KP FKGUGP ,CJTGP YGKVGTG 'ZGORNCTG IGNKGHGTV YWTFGP .CWV -NKGVOCPP WPF 0GWDGEMGT KP -1. 5 YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV PWT -NGKPMTGW\G OKV 5EJYGTVGTP D\Y 4KVVGTMTGW\G + -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP XGTNKGJGP XQP FGTGP +PJCDGTP PQEJ EC UGEJU CO .GDGP YCTGP )TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI 1TFGPU &KRNQO \WO 4KVVGTMTGW\ ++ -NCUUG HÒT FGP 1DGT $ÒTIGTOGKUVGT XQP 1NFGPDWTI (TGKJGTT XQP 5EJTGPEM FCVKGTV 1NFGPDWTI CO (GDTWCT OKV 2CRKGT 1TFGPUUKGIGN WPF 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV XQP )TQ­JGT\QI 0KEQNCWU (TKGFTKEJ 2GVGT ++ WPF FGU 1TFGPUMCP\NGTU XQP $GTI GVYCU UVQEMHNGEMKI FTGK HCEJ IGHCNVGV CP FTGK (CNVGP GVYCU GKPIGTKUUGP ++ )GPCW FKGUG 7TMWPFG KUV KP $;1 5 #DD CDIGDKNFGV .CWV -NKGVOCPP WPF 0GWDGEMGT KP -1. 5 YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV 4KVVGTMTGW\G ++ -NCUUG CD OKV FGT UKNDGTPGP -TQPG XGTNKGJGP FCXQP PGWP KO ,CJTG XQP FGTGP +PJCDGTP PQEJ EC CO .GDGP YCTGP )TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI 4KVVGTMTGW\ ++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CD MNGKPGTG #WUHÒJTWPI &WTEJOGUUGT OO #PHGTVK IWPI (KTOC )GQTI -PCWGT %QOR KP *CPPQXGT \YKUEJGP WPF XQTFGTUGKVKIGU /GFCKNNQP <GPVTWO MTGKUHÌTOKI GPI OKV NCPIGP -GTDGP HNKPMKGTV 5KNDGT GOCKNNKGTV 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK FKG IGRT·IVGP 5EJYGTVGT IGUVGEMV WPF XGTNÌVGV OKV PGWGO $CPFUVÒEM KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK $9- $;1 1'- 4 ++ #WHITWPF UGKPGT )TÌ­G FGT )GUVCNVWPI FGT -TQPG WPF FGT (NKPMKGTWPI FGU XQTFGTUGKVKIGP /GFCKNNQP <GPVTWOU N·­V UKEJ FKGUGU 5VÒEM FGT (KTOC )GQTI -PCWGT %QOR KP *CPPQXGT \WQTFPGP <YKUEJGP WPF NKGHGTVGP -PCWGT WPF &KGVTKEJ \WUCOOGP PWT 4KVVGTMTGW\G ++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CP FKG 1TFGPUMCP\NGK YQDGK NGKFGT MGKPG #WUMWPHV FCTÒDGT IGIGDGP YGTFGP MCPP YKG JQEJ -PCWGTU #PVGKN FCTCP YCT $GK FKGUGT <CJN KUV LGFQEJ \W DGTÒEMUKEJVKIGP FC­ HÒT FKG ,CJTG WPF FKG GPVURTGEJGPFGP 7PVGTNCIGP HGJNGP WPF NKGHGTVG -PCWGT FCPP CNNGKPG PQEJ GKPOCN 'ZGORNCTG .CWV -NKGVOCPP WPF 0GWDGEMGT KP -1. 5 YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV PWT 4KVVGTMTGW\G ++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP XGTNKGJGP FCXQP KO ,CJTG XQP FGTGP +PJCDGTP PQEJ EC CO .GDGP YCTGP

72

180 (1:1)


SLG. BEYREISS - OLDENBURG

183 (1:1)

184 (1:1)

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI 4KVVGTMTGW\ ++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CD 4KVVGTMTGW\ ++ -NCUUG OKV FGT UKNDGTPGP -TQPG WPF OKV 5EJYGTVGTP ITÌ­GTG #WUHÒJTWPI &WTEJOGUUGT OO #PHGTVKIWPI (KTOC $GTPJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI XQP QFGT XQTFGTUGKVKIGU /GFCKNNQP <GPVTWO JQTK\QPVCN HNKPMKGTV 5KNDGT GOCKN NKGTV 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK FKG IGRT·IVGP 5EJYGTVGT XGTNÌVGV OKV QTKIKPCNGO CNVGP VNY XGTDNGKEJVGP $CPF UVÒEM KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK $9- $;1 1'- 4 ++ .CWV $G[TGK­ KP $;1 5 NKGHGTVG -PCWGT WPF LGYGKNU 4KVVGTMTGW\G ++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP DKU WPF 4KVVGTMTGW\G ++ -NCUUG OKV FGT UKNDGTPGP -TQPG WPF OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CP FKG 1TFGPUMCP\NGK .CWV 1 %QPPQT KP ## 5 YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF \WUCOOGP PWT 4KVVGTMTGW\G ++ -NCUUG OKV FGT UKNDGTPGP -TQPG WPF OKV 5EJYGTVGTP XGTNKGJGP 8QP DKU GTHQNIVGP MGKPG 8GTNGKJWPIGP )TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI 4KVVGTMTGW\ ++ -NCUUG OKV FGT UKNDGTPGP -TQPG WPF OKV 5EJYGTVGTP ITÌ­GTG #WUHÒJTWPI &WTEJOGUUGT OO YQJN #PHGTVKIWPI (KTOC %CTN (TKGFTKEJ <KOOGTOCPP KP 2HQT\JGKO HÒT FKG (KTOC $GTPJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI XQP XQTFGTUGKVKIGU /GFCKNNQP <GPVTWO UVTCJNGPHÌTOKI HNKPMKGTV 5KNDGT GOCKNNKGTV 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK FKG IGRT·IVGP 5EJYGTVGT IGUVGEMV WPF XGTNÌVGV FGT $CPFTKPI GVYCU XGTDQIGP OKV MWT\GO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP $TWUVDCPFUVÒEM $9- $;1 1'- ++ &KG GTJGDNKEJGP 7PVGTUEJKGFG KP FGT #WUHÒJTWPI FGT /CNGTGK YGKUGP CWH GKPGP CPFGTGP *GTUVGNNGT CNU FKG (KTOC -PCWGT JKP 5EJQP YKGFGTJQNV YWTFG KP (CEJMTGKUGP FKG /WVOC­WPI IG·W­GTV FC­ FKG (KTOC %CTN (TKGFTKEJ <KO OGTOCPP KP 2HQT\JGKO CWEJ HÒT FKG (KTOC $GTPJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI 1TFGPUKPUKIPKGP IGHGTVKIV JCV 7PVGTUVÒV\V YKTF FKGUG 6JGUG CWEJ FWTEJ FGP 7OUVCPF FC­ KP FGO XQT GKPKIGP ,CJTGP CWH FGO /CTMV CWHIGVCWEJVGP WOHCPITGK EJGP *GTUVGNNWPIU #WUUEJW­ FGT CWUIGDQODVGP 2HQT\JGKOGT (KTOC CWEJ OGJTGTG 'ZGORNCTG XQP 4KVVGTMTGW\GP FGU QNFGPDWTIKUEJGP *CWUQTFGPU XQTJCPFGP YCTGP 'KP YGKVGTGU +PFK\ FCHÒT FC­ GU UKEJ DGK FKGUGO JKGT CPIGDQVGP -TGW\ WO GKP 1TKIKPCNGZGORNCT JCPFGNV KUV KP FGP GKPFGWVKI IGRT·IVGP WPF HGKP IGHGTVKIVGP 5EJYGTVGTP \W UGJGP .CWV $G[TGK­ KP $;1 5 NKGHGTVG -PCWGT 4KVVGTMTGW\G ++ -NCUUG OKV FGT UKNDGTPGP -TQPG WPF OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CP FKG 1TFGPUMCP\NGK

185

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI 4KVVGTMTGW\ ++ -NCUUG QJPG -TQPG ņ CD YQJN #PHGTVKIWPI (KTOC %CTN (TKGFTKEJ <KOOGTOCPPU KP 2HQT\JGKO HÒT FKG (KTOC $GTPJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI \YKUEJGP WPF XQTFGTUGKVKIGU /G FCKNNQP <GPVTWO UVTCJNGPHÌTOKI HNKPMKGTV 5KNDGT GOCKNNKGTV 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK OKV UGJT MWT\GO CNVGP $CPFUVÒEM KO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK $9- $;1 #DD 1'- ++ <WT CPIGPQOOGPGP #PHGTVKIWPI FKGUGU 'ZGORNCTU FWTEJ FKG (KTOC %CTN (TKGFTKEJ <KOOGTOCPP HÒT FKG (KTOC $GTPJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI UKGJG WPUGTG FKGUDG\ÒINKEJG #POGTMWPI \WT XQTJGTIGJGPFGP -CV 0T .CWV $G[TGK­ KP $;1 5 NKGHGTVG -PCWGT \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV PWT 4KVVGTMTGW\G ++ -NCUUG CP FKG 1TFGPUMCP\NGK YQDGK HÒT WPF FKG 7PVGTNCIGP HÒT FKGUG #PICDGP HGJNGP .CWV -NKGVOCPP WPF 0GWDGEMGT KP -1. 5 YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV PWT 4KVVGTMTGW\G ++ -NCUUG XGTNKGJGP FCXQP KO ,CJTG XQP FGTGP +PJCDGTP PQEJ EC CO .GDGP YCTGP

73


SLG. BEYREISS - OLDENBURG

186 (1:1) 188

186 (1:1)

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI 4KVVGTMTGW\ ++ -NCUUG QJPG -TQPG ņ CD OKV 5EJYGTVGTP YQJN #PHGTVKIWPI (KTOC %CTN (TKGFTKEJ <KOOGTOCPPU KP 2HQT\JGKO HÒT FKG (KTOC $GTPJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI \YKUEJGP WPF

XQTFGTUGKVKIGU /GFCKNNQP <GPVTWO UVTCJNGPHÌTOKI HNKPMKGTV 5KNDGT GOCKNNKGTV 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK OKV CNVGO UEJO·NGTGP $CPFUVÒEM KO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK $9- $;1 #DD WPF

IGPCW FKGUGU 'ZGORNCT 1'- 44 ++ <WT CPIGPQOOGPGP #PHGTVKIWPI FKGUGU 'ZGORNCTU FWTEJ FKG (KTOC %CTN (TKGFTKEJ <KOOGTOCPP HÒT FKG (KTOC $GTPJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI UKGJG WPUGTG FKGUDG\ÒINKEJG #POGTMWPI \WT -CV 0T WPF .CWV $G[TGK­ KP $;1 5 NKGHGTVG -PCWGT \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV PWT 4KVVGTMTGW\G ++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CP FKG 1TFGPUMCP\NGK YQDGK HÒT WPF FKG 7PVGTNCIGP HÒT FKGUG #PICDGP HGJNGP .CWV -NKGVOCPP WPF 0GWDGEMGT KP -1. 5 YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV PWT 4KVVGTMTGW\G ++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP XGTNKGJGP FCXQP KO ,CJTG XQP FGTGP +PJCDGTP PQEJ EC CO .GDGP YCTGP .CWV 1 %QPPQT KP ## 5 YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF \WUCOOGP PWT 4KVVGTMTGW\G ++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP XGTNKGJGP 8QP DKU GTHQNIVGP MGKPG 8GTNGKJWPIGP

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG \WO 4KVVGTMTGW\ ++ -NCUUG QJPG -TQPG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP HÒT FGP .GWVPCPV 9KNJGNO %QP\G FCVKGTV 1NFGPDWTI CO #WIWUV OKV 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV FGU )TQ­JGT\QIU (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV \YGKOCN IGHCNVGV IGNQEJV 44 ++ 5GJT UGNVGPG 7TMWPFG .CWV -NKGVOCPP WPF 0GWDGEMGT KP -1. 5 YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV PWT 4KVVGTMTGW\G ++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP XGTNKGJGP FCXQP KO ,CJTG XQP FGTGP +PJCDGTP PQEJ EC CO .GDGP YCTGP 5QOKV JCPFGNV GU UKEJ WO FKG 7TMWPFG \W GKPGT FKGUGT 8GTNGKJWPIGP FGU ,CJTGU &KG ITQ­G 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG XQP 9KNJGNO %QP\G OKV CEJV #WU\GKEJPWPIGP DKGVGP YKT \WUCOOGP OKV GKPGT CWUHÒJTNK EJGP .CWHDCJPÒDGTUKEJV KP GPINKUEJGT 5RTCEJG OKV FGWVUEJGT ªDGTUGV\WPI WPVGT -CV 0T CP 9KNJGNO %QP\G YWTFG CO (GDTWCT KP 5EJÌPGPOQQT DGK &GNOGPJQTUV IGDQTGP VTCV GT CNU (CJPGPLWP MGT )GHTGKVGT KP FCU +PHCPVGTKG 4GIKOGPV GKP +O INGKEJGP ,CJT (CJPGPLWPMGT 7PVGTQHHK\KGT YWTFG GT (·JPTKEJ WPF .GWVPCPV #O ,WNK GTJKGNV GT FCU 4KVVGTMTGW\ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP FGU -ÌPKINKEJGP *CWUQTFGPU XQP *QJGP\QNNGTP 8QP DKU HTCP\ÌUKUEJG -TKGIUIGHCPIGPUEJCHV 0CEJ UGKPGT (TGKNCUUWPI .GWVPCPV KP FGT 4GKEJUYGJT 1DGTNGWVPCPV *CWRVOCPP /CLQT 1DGTUVNGWVPCPV -QOOCPFGWT FGU WPF UR·VGT FGU 2CP\GT 4GIKOGPVU 1DGTUV )GPGTCNOCLQT WPF 8GTUGV\WPI KP FGP 4WJGUVCPF 0GDGP FGP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP CWH UGKPGT ITQ­GP 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG YCT GT CWEJ PQEJ +PJCDGT HQNIGPFGT YGKVGTGT #WU\GKEJPWP IGP 2TGW­GP 'KUGTPGU -TGW\ + -NCUUG 1NFGPDWTI (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV -TGW\ + -NCUUG 2TGW­GP 5KNDGTPGU 8GTYWP FGVGPCD\GKEJGP

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI 1TFGPU &KRNQO \WO %CRKVWNCT )TQ­MTGW\ HÒT FGP 1DGT #RRGNNCVKQPU )GTKEJVU 2T·UKFGPVGP 4ÌOGT %C RKVWNCT )TQ­EQOVJWT FGU *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUVQTFGPU FCVKGTV 1NFGPDWTI CO /·T\ OKV 2CRKGT 1TFGPUUKGIGN WPF 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV XQP )TQ­JGT\QI 0KEQNCWU (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV ++ QJPG 7PVGT UEJTKHV FGU 1TFGPUMCP\NGTU GKPOCN IGHCNVGV 444 ++ 5QNEJ HTÒJG 7TMWPFGP UKPF XQP ITQ­GT 5GNVGPJGKV DGUQPFGTU FKG XQP -CRKVWNCTGP 'U JCPFGNV UKEJ JKGTDGK WO (TKGF TKEJ 9KNJGNO #PVQP 4ÌOGT FGT 2T·UKFGPV FGU 1NFGPDWTIGT 1DGT #RRGNNCVKQPUIGTKEJVU YCT WPF XQP DKU CWEJ CNU -CP\NGT FGU 1TFGPU COVKGTVG WPF PKEJV WO FGP UR·VGTGP 1DGTUV WPF /KPKUVGT 4ÌOGT 9GKVGTG 7TMWP FGP FGU )GTKEJVU 2T·UKFGPVGP 4ÌOGT UKGJG -CV 0T WPF

74


SLG. BEYREISS - OLDENBURG

189 (1:1)

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI <GKEJGP GKPGU %CRKVWNCT -NGKPMTGW\GU 5KNDGT /GFCKNNQP 4KPI WPF /QPQITCOO )QNF GOCKNNKGTV HGKPUVG 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK OKP MCWO UKEJVDCTGT %JKR KP FGT TQVGP 'OCKNNG OKV \WUCOOGPIGP·JVGO $CPFUVÒEM \WUCOOGP OKV FTGK JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJGP 0QVK\GP FCXQP \YGK CNV KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK $9- $;1 #DD WPF IGPCW FKGUGU 'ZGORNCT 1'- 444 ++ .CWV +PHQTOCVKQPGP CWH FGP FTGK JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJGP 0QVK\GP IGJÌTVG FKGUGU <GKEJGP GKPGU %CRKVWNCT -NGKPMTGW\GU FGO )GJGKOGP 4CV * 5GNMOCPP +PJCDGT FGU )TQ­MTGW\GU OKV FGT )QNFGPGP -TQPG OKV -GVVG XQP FGUUGP *CPF \YGK FGT 0QVK\GP UVCOOGP &KGUGP \WHQNIG OÒUUG FKGUGU <GKEJGP PCEJ UGKPGO 6QFG PKEJV \WTÒEMIGIGDGP YGTFGP FC GT GU M·WHNKEJ GTYQTDGP JCDG <YGKHGNUHTGK \GKVIGPÌUUKUEJGU 1TKIKPCNGZGORNCT XQP FGO NCWV $G[TGK­ KP $;1 5 KP FGP ,CJTGP XQP DKU PWT 5VÒEM JGTIGUVGNNV YWTFGP

190

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI 1TFGPU &KRNQO \WO %CRKVWNCT -NGKPMTGW\ HÒT FGP 5VCCVUTCVJ 4ÌOGT &KTGEVQT FGT ,WUVK\ %CP\NGK FGU *GT\QIVWOU 1NFGPDWTI FCVKGTV 1NFGPDWTI CO ,CPWCT OKV 2CRKGT 1TFGPUUKGIGN WPF 1TKIKPCN WPVGTUEJTKHV XQP )TQ­JGT\QI 2CWN (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV + WPF FGU 1TFGPUMCP\NGTU XQP $GTI FTGKHCEJ IGHCNVGV 44 ++ 5QNEJ HTÒJG 7TMWPFGP UKPF XQP ITQ­GT 5GNVGPJGKV DGUQPFGTU FKG XQP -CRKVWNCTGP 'U JCPFGNV UKEJ JKGTDGK WO (TKGF TKEJ 9KNJGNO #PVQP 4ÌOGT FGT 2T·UKFGPV FGU 1NFGPDWTIGT 1DGT #RRGNNCVKQPUIGTKEJVU YCT WPF XQP DKU CWEJ CNU -CP\NGT FGU 1TFGPU COVKGTVG WPF PKEJV WO FGP UR·VGTGP 1DGTUV WPF /KPKUVGT 4ÌOGT 9GKVGTG 7TMWP FGP FGU )GTKEJVU 2T·UKFGPVGP 4ÌOGT UKGJG -CV 0T WPF

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI 1TFGPU &KRNQO \WO %CRKVWNCT -NGKPMTGW\ HÒT FGP 1DGTUVNKGWVGPCPV 4ÌOGT 'JTGP -NGKPMTGW\ FGU *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUVQTFGPU FCVKGTV 1NFGPDWTI CO ,CPWCT OKV 2CRKGT 1TFGPUUKGIGN WPF 1TKIKPCNWPVGT UEJTKHV XQP )TQ­JGT\QI 2CWN (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV + WPF FGU 1TFGPUMCP\NGTU X $GCWNKGW WPF /CTEQPPC[ FTGKHCEJ IGHCNVGV 44 ++ 5QNEJ HTÒJG 7TMWPFGP UKPF XQP ITQ­GT 5GNVGPJGKV DGUQPFGTU FKG XQP -CRKVWNCTGP 'U JCPFGNV UKEJ JKGTDGK WO FGP UR·VGTGP 1DGTUV WPF /KPKUVGT 4ÌOGT WPF PKEJV WO FGP )GTKEJVU 2T·UKFGPVGP (TKGFTKEJ 9KNJGNO #PVQP 4ÌOGT XQP DKU -CP\NGT FGU 1TFGPU 9GKVGTG 7TMWPFGP FGU /KPKUVGTU 4ÌOGT UKGJG -CV 0T WPF

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI 5VCVWVGPDWEJ #WUICDG OKV FGP 0CEJVT·IGP DKU 5GKVGP WPF FTGK FQRRGNUGKVKIG 6CHGNP OKV <GKEJ PWPIGP FGT 1TFGPUKPUKIPKGP YGK­GT 'KPDCPF OKV IGRT·IVGO IQNFHCTDGPGP 1TFGPUUVGTP 7OUEJNCI GVYCU DGUEJ·FKIV ++ +++

75


SLG. BEYREISS - OLDENBURG

193 (1:3)

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI 5VCVWVGPDWEJ #WUICDG OKV FGP 0CEJVT·IGP DKU 5GKVGP WPF FTGK FQRRGNUGKVKIG 6CHGNP OKV <GKEJ PWPIGP FGT 1TFGPUKPUKIPKGP IGDWPFGP KP TQVGO .GFGT $WEJFGEMGN VNY IQNFHCTDGP IGRT·IV $KPFWPI GVYCU IGNQEMGTV 4 ++ /KV $NGKUVKHV 'KPVTCI 'ZGORNCT CWU FGO *CWU 1NFGPDWTI )Ã’NFGPUVGKP +P FKGUGT .WZWUDKPFWPI UGNVGP

194

76

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI /GPÃ’MCTVG \WT 1TFGPUVCHGN FGU 1TFGPUHGUVGU CO ,CPWCT IGHCNVGV WPF GKPIGTKUUGP 44 +++


SLG. BEYREISS - OLDENBURG )TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI ņ #NNIGOGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP D\Y CD 'JTGPMTGW\ WPF 8GT FKGPUVOGFCKNNG #O (GDTWCT UVKHVGVG )TQ­JGT\QI 0KEQNCWU (TKGFTKEJ 2GVGT ++ TGI UGKV FKG 5EJYGTVGT WPF FKG 5EJYGTVGT CO 4KPI CWEJ HÒT FCU #NNIGOGKPG 'JTGP\GKEJGP UQYKG FKG -TQPG \WO #NNIGOGKPGP 'JTGP\GKEJGP + -NCUUG #D GKPGO WPDGMCPPVGP <GKVRWPMV YWTFG FKG )GUVCNVWPI FGU 'JTGP\GKEJGPU IG·PFGTV $KUJGT DGICPP FKG /GFCKNNQP 7OUEJTKHV CWH FGO #XGTU /GFCKNNQP QDGP WPF FGT 9CRRGPOCPVGN FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG YWTFG XQP GKPGT ITÌ­GTGP -TQPG ÒDGTJÌJV #WUHÒJTWPI PWP DGICPP FKG /GFCKNNQP 7OUEJTKHV WPVGP WPF ÒDGT FGO 9CRRGPOCPVGN YCT GKPG MNGKPGTG -TQPG \W UGJGP #WU HÒJTWPI $GK FGP 'ZGORNCTGP FGT #WUHÒJTWPI FGU -TGW\GU OKV FGT -TQPG XGTHÒIV FGT 4GKEJUCRHGN FGT -TQPG ÒDGT MGKP CWHIGUGV\VGU -TGW\EJGP

.CWV $G[TGK­ KP $;1 5 WPF HH NKGHGTVG CD FKG (KTOC )GQTI -PCWGT KP *CPPQXGT #NNIGOGKPG 'JTGP\GKEJGP CP FKG 1TFGPUMCP\NGK XQP DKU FKG (KTOC 5[ 9CIPGT KP $GTNKP WPF DKU FKG (KTOC $GTPJCTF &KGVTKEJ KP #NVGPDWTI 9CIPGT 5QJP KP $GTNKP #D MÌPPGP .KGHGTWPIGP XQP 9 .COG[GT 5QJP KP *CPPQXGT PCEJIGYKGUGP YGTFGP WPF CD XQP FGT (KTOC $GTPJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI

#O ,CPWCT YWTFG FKG 7ODGPGPPWPI FGU #NNIGOGKPGP 'JTGP\GKEJGPU KP 'JTGPMTGW\ XGTHÒIV 9·JTGPF FGU 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIU GTHQNIVG NCWV $G[TGK­ KP $;1 5 MGKPG 8GTNGKJWPI FGU 'JTGPMTGW\GU +++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP

/KV &CVWO XQO (GDTWCT UVKHVGVG )TQ­JGT\QI (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV TGI XQP DKU FKG FTGKUVWHKIG )QNF 5KNDGT WPF $TQP\G CHHKNKKGTVG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG &KG 5VGORGN JKGTHÒT UEJPKVV NCWV $G[TGK­ KP $;1 5 'OKN 9GKICPF XQP FGT 2TGW­KUEJGP /ÒP\G KP $GTNKP FKG CWEJ LGPG 5VÒEMG CPHGTVKIVG FKG ÒDGT FKG (KTOC $GTPJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI CP FKG 1TFGPUMCP\NGK CWUIGNKGHGTV YWTFGP #NNGTFKPIU KUV FKGUG /GFCKNNG DGK 5QOOGT KP FGUUGP 9GTM ÒDGT 9GKICPFU /GFCKNNGPYGTM 9+' PKEJV CWHIGHÒJTV

/KV FGT #DFCPMWPI FGU )TQ­JGT\QIU CO 0QXGODGT YWTFGP CWEJ FKG 8GTNGKJWPIGP FGU 'JTGPMTGW\GU WPF FGT 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG GKPIGUVGNNV

195 (1:1)

196 (1:1)

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI #NNIGOGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP + -NCUUG OKV FGT -TQPG CD #WUHÒJTWPI OKV ITQ­GT -TQPG CWH FGO 4GXGTU 9CRRGP YQJN CWU FGT GTUVGP #PHGTVKIWPIUUGTKG FGT (KTOC *QUUCWGT CWU FGO ,CJT $TQP\G JQJN IGHGTVKIV WPF XGTIQNFGV OKV UR·VGTGO $CPFCDUEJPKVV KO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK $9- $;1 1'- 444 ++ +P FKGUGT YQJN GTUVGP #PHGTVKIWPI XQP CNNGTITÌ­VGT 5GNVGPJGKV .CWV $G[TGK­ KP $;1 5 H YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV PWT #NNIGOGKPG 'JTGP\GKEJGP + -NCUUG OKV FGT -TQPG D\Y 'JTGPMTGW\G + -NCUUG OKV FGT -TQPG IGNKGHGTV YQDGK LGFQEJ FKG FKGUDG\ÒINKEJGP 7PVGT NCIGP HÒT FKG ,CJTG WPF HGJNGP (ÒT IKDV GT CP 5 FC­ *QUUCWGT PWT 'ZGORNCTG FKGUGU -TGW\GU IGNKGHGTV JCV .CWV -NKGVOCPP WPF 0GWDGEMGT KP -1. 5 YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV #NNIGOGKPG 'JTGP \GKEJGP + -NCUUG OKV FGT -TQPG D\Y 'JTGPMTGW\G + -NCUUG OKV FGT -TQPG XGTNKGJGP FCXQP KO ,CJTG XQP FGTGP +PJCDGTP PQEJ EC CO .GDGP YCTGP )TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI #NNIGOGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP + -NCUUG OKV FGT -TQPG CD #WUHÒJTWPI OKV ITQ­GT -TQPG CWH FGO 4GXGTU 9CRRGP YQJN CWU FGT \YGKVGP #PHGTVKIWPIUUGTKG FGT (KTOC *QUUCWGT CWU FGO ,CJT $TQP\G JQJN IGHGTVKIV WPF XGTIQNFGV CWH FGO 4CPF FGU NKPMGP -TGW\CTOU CNVG 2TÒHURWT OKV UR·VG TGO VNY CWUIGDNGKEJVGO $CPFCDUEJPKVV $9- $;1 #DD WPF IGPCW FKGUGU 'ZGORNCT 1'- 4 ++ #WEJ KP FKGUGT YQJN \YGKVGP #PHGTVKIWPI UGJT UGNVGP (ÒT IKDV $G[TGK­ CP KP $;1 5 FC­ *QUUCWGT 'ZGORNCTG FKGUGU -TGW\GU IGNKGHGTV JCV &CPCEJ YWTFG KP FGP ,CJTGP XQP $GTPJCTF &KGVTKEJ CWU #NVGPDWTI WPF YQDGK FKG 7PVGTNCIGP HÒT WPF HGJNGP PWT PQEJ LGYGKNU GKP 'ZGORNCT CP FKG 1TFGPUMCP\NGK IGNKGHGTV WPF FCPP GTUV YKGFGT 5VÒEM KO ,CJTG

YQJN XQP $GTPJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI $GK NGV\VGTGP JCPFGNVG GU UKEJ WO FKG \YGKVG #WUHÒJTWPI

77


SLG. BEYREISS - OLDENBURG

197 (1:1) 198 (1:1)

198 (1:1)

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI /KPKCVWT FGU 'JTGPMTGW\GU + -NCUUG OKV FGT -TQPG #WUHÃ’JTWPI OKV MNGKPGT -TQPG CWH FGO 4GXGTU 9CRRGP $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV CP $CPFUEJNGKHG OKV 6TCIGMPQRH 44 ++ 8QP ITQ­GT 5GNVGPJGKV

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI 'JTGPMTGW\ + -NCUUG OKV FGT -TQPG WPF OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CO 4KPI CD #WUHÃ’JTWPI OKV MNGKPGT -TQPG CWH FGO 4GXGTU 9CRRGP YQJN #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC )GQTI -PCWGT KP *CPPQXGT GKPVGKNKIG 2T·IWPI FGU -TGW\GU 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV OKV CNVGO VNY UVCTM CWUIGDNGKEJVGO $CPFCDUEJPKVV $9- $;1 #DD WPF IGPCW FKGUGU 'ZGORNCT 1'- 4444 ++ 9QJN FCU GKP\KIG DGMCPPVG 'ZGORNCT .CWV $G[TGK­ KP $;1 5 H YWTFG GKP 'ZGORNCT XQP $GTPJCTF &KGVTKEJ CWU #NVGPDWTI IGNKGHGTV GKP YGKVGTGU WPF FCPP 'ZGORNCTG CPIGUKEJVU FGT )GUVCNVWPI FGT -TQPG YQJN XQP )GQTI -PCWGT KP *CPPQXGT &CPCEJ GTHQNIVGP MGKPG YGKVGTGP .KGHGTWPIGP OGJT YQDGK LGFQEJ \W DGTÃ’EMUKEJVKIGP KUV FC­ FKG GPVURTGEJGPFGP 7PVGTNCIGP HÃ’T FKG ,CJTG WPF HGJNGP .CWV -NKGVOCPP WPF 0GWDGEMGT KP -1. 5 YWTFG \YKUEJGP WPF ICT MGKP #NNIGOGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP + -NCUUG OKV FGT -TQPG WPF OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CO 4KPI D\Y 'JTGPMTGW\ + -NCUUG OKV FGT -TQPG WPF OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CO 4KPI XGTNKGJGP $G[TGK­ YGKUV LGFQEJ KP $;1 5 GKPG 8GTNGKJWPI PCEJ WPF \YCT CO #RTKN CP FGP *CWRVCOVUTGPFCPVGP (TGGUG KP 8CTGN FGT DGTGKVU CO ,CPWCT FCU 'JTGPMTGW\ + -NCUUG OKV FGT -TQPG WPF CO 5GRVGODGT CNU 8K\GHGNFYGDGN FCU #NNIGOGKPG 'JTGP\GKEJGP ++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP GTJCNVGP JCVVG ªDGT FGP 8GTDNGKD FGU 4GUVDGUVCPFGU XQP 'ZGORNCTGP PCEJ MQPPVGP DKUJGT MGKPG 'TMGPPVPKUUG IGYQPPGP YGTFGP

199 (1:1)

200 (1:1)

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI #NNIGOGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP + -NCUUG #WUHÃ’JTWPI OKV ITQ­GT -TQPG CWH FGO 4GXGTU 9CRRGP GKP VGKNKIG 2T·IWPI $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV OKV CNVGO $CPFCDUEJPKVV $9- $;1 #DD WPF IGPCW FKGUGU 'ZGORNCT 1'- ++ .CWV $G[TGK­ KP $;1 5 H YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV #NNIGOGKPG 'JTGP\GKEJGP + -NCUUG D\Y 'JTGPMTGW\G + -NCUUG CP FKG 1TFGPUMCP\NGK IGNKGHGTV YQDGK LGFQEJ \W DGTÃ’EMUKEJVKIGP KUV FC­ FKG GPVURTG EJGPFGP 7PVGTNCIGP HÃ’T FKG ,CJTG WPF HGJNGP .CWV -NKGVOCPP WPF 0GWDGEMGT KP -1. 5 YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV #NNIGOGKPG 'JTGP\GKEJGP + -NCUUG D\Y 'JTGPMTGW\G + -NCUUG XGTNKGJGP FCXQP KO ,CJTG XQP FGTGP +PJCDGTP PQEJ EC CO .GDGP YCTGP )TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI #NNIGOGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP + -NCUUG D\Y CD 'JTGPMTGW\ + -NCUUG #WUHÃ’JTWPI OKV MNGKPGT -TQPG CWH FGO 4GXGTU 9CRRGP #PHGTVKIWPI OKV INCVVGP -TGW\CTOHN·EJGP GKPVGKNKIG 2T·IWPI $WPV OGVCNN XGTIQNFGV CO PGWGP $TWUVDCPF $9- $;1 1'- ++

78


SLG. BEYREISS - OLDENBURG

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI &KRNQO ÒDGT FKG 8GTNGKJWPI FGU #NNIGOGKPGP 'JTGP\GKEJGPU + -NCUUG HÒT FGP /CLQT WPF $TKICFG /CLQT 4ÌOGT FCVKGTV 1NFGPDWTI CO 1MVQDGT OKV 2CRKGT 1TFGPUUKGIGN WPF 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV XQP )TQ­JGT\QI 2CWN (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV ++ WPF FGU 1TFGPUMCP\NGTU &T 4WPFG HÒPHHCEJ IGHCNVGV CP FGP (CNVGPMTGW\WPIGP GVYCU GKPIGTKUUGP 44 ++ 5QNEJ HTÒJG 7TMWPFGP UKPF XQP ITQ­GT 5GNVGPJGKV 'U JCPFGNV UKEJ JKGTDGK WO FGP UR·VGTGP 1DGTUV WPF /KPKUVGT 4ÌOGT WPF PKEJV WO FGP )GTKEJVU 2T·UKFGPVGP (TKGFTKEJ 9KNJGNO #PVQP 4ÌOGT XQP DKU -CP\NGT FGU 1TFGPU 9GKVGTG 7TMWPFGP FGU /KPKUVGTU 4ÌOGT UKGJG -CV 0T WPF

203 (1:1)

203 (1:1) 202

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG FGU )TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGP -COOGTJGTTGP #OVU \WO 'JTGPMTGW\ + -NCUUG QJPG 0COGP FGU $GNKGJGPGP FCVKGTV 1NFGPDWTI CO /·T\ OKV 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV 44 ++ 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGP CWU FGT <GKV PCEJ FGT #DFCPMWPI FGU )TQ­JGT\QIU CO 0QXGODGT UKPF XQP ITQ­GT 5GNVGPJGKV )TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI #NNIGOGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP + -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP #WUHÒJTWPI OKV MNGKPGT -TQPG CWH FGO 4GXGTU 9CRRGP #PHGTVKIWPI OKV INCVVGP -TGW\CTOHN·EJGP UGRCTCV IGHGTVKIVGP /GFCKNNQPU WPF UQIGP RTGW­K UEJGP 5EJYGTVGTP $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV FKG /GFCKNNQPU DTQP\GHCTDGP WPF FTGJDCT CO CNVGP VNY UVCTM CWUIGDNGKEJVGP $TWUVDCPFCDUEJPKVV $;1 #DD IGPCW FKGUGU 'ZGORNCT ++ <WT 2TQDNGOCVKM FGT UQIGP RTGW­KUEJGP 5EJYGTVGT UKGJG WPUGTG FKGUDG\ÒINKEJ #POGTMWPI WPVGT -CV 0T .CWV $G[TGK­ KP $;1 5 H YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV PWT #NNIGOGKPG 'JTGP\GKEJGP + -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CP FKG 1TFGPUMCP\NGK IGNKGHGTV &CPCEJ UKPF MGKPG .KGHGTWPIGP OGJT PCEJ\WYGKUGP YQDGK LGFQEJ \W DGTÒEMUKEJVKIGP KUV FC­ FKG GPVURTGEJGPFGP 7PVGTNCIGP HÒT FKG ,CJTG WPF HGJNGP .CWV -NKGVOCPP WPF 0GWDGEMGT KP -1. 5 YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV PWT #NNIGOGKPG 'JTGP\GKEJGP + -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP D\Y 'JTGPMTGW\G + -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP XGTNKGJGP FCXQP KO ,CJTG XQP FGTGP +PJCDGTP PQEJ EC CO .GDGP YCTGP

204 (1:1)

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI 9QJN CNVG <YGKV QFGT 0CEJHGTVKIWPI =RTQDCDNG VC[NQT U EQR[? FGU #NNIGOGKPGP 'JTGP\GKEJGP + -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP D\Y CD FGU 'JTGPMTGW\GU + -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP #WUHÒJTWPI OKV MNGKPGT -TQPG CWH FGO 4GXGTU 9CRRGP #PHGTVKIWPI OKV IGMÌTPVGP -TGW\CTOHN·EJGP UGRCTCV IGHGTVKIVGP /G FCKNNQPU WPF UQIGP RTGW­KUEJGP 5EJYGTVGTP $WPVOGVCNN )W­ =ECUV? XGTIQNFGV FCU 4GXGTUOGFCKNNQP XGTUEJOWV\V CO UGJT MWT\GP CNVGP VNY UVCTM CWUIGDNGKEJVGP $TWUVDCPFCDUEJPKVV ++ <WT 2TQDNGOCVKM FGT UQIGP RTGW­KUEJGP 5EJYGTVGT UKGJG WPUGTG FKGUDG\ÒINKEJ #POGTMWPI WPVGT -CV 0T

79


SLG. BEYREISS - OLDENBURG

205 (1:1)

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI #NNIGOGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP ++ -NCUUG #WUHÒJTWPI OKV ITQ­GT -TQPG CWH FGO 4GXGTU 9CRRGP YQJN #PHGTVKIWPI GKPGT .KGHGTWPIUUGTKG CWU FGT /KVVG FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU OKV IGYÌNDVGP /GFCKNNQPU $WPV OGVCNN JQJN IGHGTVKIV WPF XGTUKNDGTV OKV MWT\GO CNVGO $CPFCDUEJPKVV $9- $;1 1'- 44 ++ +P FKGUGT HTÒJGP IGYÌNDVGP #WUHÒJTWPI UGJT UGNVGP .CWV $G[TGK­ KP $;1 5 H YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV #NNIGOGKPG 'JTGP\GKEJGP ++ -NCUUG D\Y 'JTGPMTGW\G ++ -NCUUG CP FKG 1TFGPUMCP\NGK IGNKGHGTV YQDGK LGFQEJ \W DGTÒEMUKEJVKIGP KUV FC­ FKG GPVURTG EJGPFGP 7PVGTNCIGP HÒT FKG ,CJTG WPF HGJNGP &KG FGWVNKEJG 9ÌNDWPI FGU /GFCKNNQPU WPF FGT ITQ­G $CPFTKPI MÌPPVGP CWH FKG (KTOC &KGVTKEJ KP #NVGPDWTI CNU .KGHGTCPVGP JKPFGWVGP FKG NCWV $G[TGK­ KP $;1 5 \YKUEJGP WPF FKG 1TFGPUMCP\NGK DGNKGHGTV JCV +P FKGUGO <GKVTCWO DG\QI FKG 1TFGPUMCP\NGK 5 KPUIGUCOV PWT #NNIGOGKPG 'JTGP\GKEJGP ++ -NCUUG .CWV -NKGVOCPP WPF 0GWDGEMGT KP -1. 5 YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV #NNIGOGKPG 'JTGP\GKEJGP ++ -NCUUG D\Y 'JTGPMTGW\G ++ -NCUUG XGTNKGJGP FCXQP KO ,CJTG XQP FGTGP +PJCDGTP PQEJ EC CO .GDGP YCTGP

206 (1:1)

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI #NNIGOGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP ++ -NCUUG #WUHÒJTWPI OKV MNGKPGT -TQPG CWH FGO 4GXGTU 9CRRGP #PHGTVKIWPI OKV INCVVGP -TGW\CTOHN·EJGP GKPVGKNKIG 2T·IWPI 5KNDGT OKV NCPIGO CNVGP $TWUVDCPF $9- $;1 #DD IGPCW FKGUGU 'ZGORNCT 1'- ++ )TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI #NNIGOGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP ++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP #WUHÒJTWPI OKV ITQ­GT -TQPG CWH FGO 4GXGTU 9CRRGP YQJN #PHGTVKIWPI GKPGT .KGHGTWPIUUGTKG CWU FGT /KVVG FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU OKV IGYÌNDVGP /GFCKNNQPU WPF QNFGPDWTIKUEJGP 5EJYGTVGTP 5KNDGT JQJN IGHGTVKIV CO WPVGTGP 4CPF .WHVFTWEM #WU INGKEJUNQEJ OKV CNVGO $CPFCDUEJPKVV $9- $;1 1'- 4 ++ +P FKGUGT HTÒJGP IGYÌNDVGP #WUHÒJTWPI UGNVGP <WT 2TQDNGOCVKM FGT UQIGP RTGW­KUEJGP D\Y QNFGPDWTIKUEJGP 5EJYGTVGT UKGJG WPUGTG FKGUDG\ÒINKEJG #POGTMWPI WPVGT -CV 0T .CWV $G[TGK­ KP $;1 5 H YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV #NNIGOGKPG 'JTGP\GKEJGP ++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP D\Y 'JTGPMTGW\G ++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CP FKG 1TFGPUMCP\NGK IGNKGHGTV YQDGK LGFQEJ \W DG TÒEMUKEJVKIGP KUV FC­ FKG GPVURTGEJGPFGP 7PVGTNCIGP HÒT FKG ,CJTG WPF HGJNGP &KG FGWVNKEJG 9ÌNDWPI FGU /GFCKNNQPU WPF FGT ITQ­G $CPFTKPI MÌPPVGP CWH FKG (KTOC &KGVTKEJ KP #NVGPDWTI CNU .KGHGTCPVGP JKP FGWVGP FKG NCWV $G[TGK­ KP $;1 5 \YKUEJGP WPF FKG 1TFGPUMCP\NGK DGNKGHGTV JCV +P FKGUGO <GKV TCWO DG\QI FKG 1TFGPUMCP\NGK 5 KPUIGUCOV PWT #NNIGOGKPG 'JTGP\GKEJGP ++ -NCUUG .CWV -NKGVOCPP WPF 0GWDGEMGT KP -1. 5 YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV #NNIGOGKPG 'JTGP \GKEJGP ++ -NCUUG D\Y 'JTGPMTGW\G ++ -NCUUG XGTNKGJGP FCXQP \YGK KO ,CJTG XQP FGTGP +PJCDGTP PQEJ EC CO .GDGP YCTGP

80

207 (1:1)


SLG. BEYREISS - OLDENBURG

208 (1:1)

210 (1:1)

209

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI 'JTGPMTGW\ ++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP #WUHÃ’JTWPI OKV MNGKPGT -TQPG CWH FGO 4GXGTU 9CRRGP YQJN #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC $GTPJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI OKV INCVVGP -TGW\CTOHN·EJGP WPF QNFGP DWTIKUEJGP 5EJYGTVGTP GKPVGKNKIG 2T·IWPI 5KNDGT OKV CNVGO $CPFCDUEJPKVV $9- $;1 #DD IGPCW FKGUGU 'ZGORNCT 1'- ++ <WT 2TQDNGOCVKM FGT UQIGP RTGW­KUEJGP D\Y QNFGPDWTIKUEJGP 5EJYGTVGT UKGJG WPUGTG FKGUDG\Ã’INKEJ #POGT MWPI WPVGT -CV 0T .CWV $G[TGK­ KP $;1 5 NKGHGTVG FKG (KTOC $GTPJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI KPUIGUCOV 'JTGPMTGW\G ++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP YQXQP LGYGKNU 'ZGORNCTG CWH FKG ,CJTG WPF GPVHKGNGP WPF CWH FCU ,CJT $GK FKGUGP #PICDGP KUV \W DGTÃ’EMUKEJVKIGP FC­ FKG GPVURTGEJGPFGP 7PVGTNCIGP HÃ’T FKG ,CJTG WPF HGJNGP

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI &KRNQO Ã’DGT FKG 8GTNGKJWPI FGU 'JTGPMTGW\GU ++ -NCUUG OKV FGP 5EJYGTVGTP CO 4KPI HÃ’T FGP #PUCIG IQUVGP 8GTYCNVGT UKE *QNNFQTH KP 8CTGNGTUEJNGWUG +PJCDGT FGU 'JTGPMTGW\GU +++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGT VGTP FCVKGTV 1NFGPDWTI CO ,CPWCT OKV 2CRKGT 1TFGPUUKGIGN WPF 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV XQP )TQ­ JGT\QI (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV WPF FGU 1TFGPUMCP\NGTU 9KNNKEJ IGHCNVGV WPF GVYCU GKPIGTKUUGP <WUCOOGP OKV 4GRTQ GKPGT 2JQVQITCRJKG *QNNFQTHU OKV 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG OKV )CVVKP 444 ++ 'ZVTGO UGNVGPG 7TMWPFG )GPCW FKGUG 7TMWPFG KUV KP $;1 5 #DD CDIGDKNFGV .CWV -NKGVOCPP WPF 0GWDGEMGT KP -1. 5 YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV PWT #NNIGOGKPG 'JTGP \GKEJGP ++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CO 4KPI D\Y 'JTGPMTGW\G ++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP XGTNKGJGP XQP FGTGP +PJC DGTP PQEJ EC CO .GDGP YCTGP

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI #NNIGOGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP +++ -NCUUG #WUHÃ’JTWPI OKV MNGKPGT -TQPG CWH FGO 4GXGTU 9CRRGP #PHGTVKIWPI OKV INCVVGP -TGW\CTOHN·EJGP GKPVGKNKIG FÃ’PPG 2T·IWPI CO 4CPF OO FKEM 'KUGP IGUEJY·T\V 5EJY·T\WPI VNY DGTKGDGP OKV CNVGO $CPFCDUEJPKVV $9- $;1 1'- ++ .CWV $G[TGK­ KP $;1 5 H YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV #NNIGOGKPG 'JTGP\GKEJGP +++ -NCUUG D\Y 'JTGPMTGW\G +++ -NCUUG CP FKG 1TFGPUMCP\NGK IGNKGHGTV YQDGK LGFQEJ \W DGTÃ’EMUKEJVKIGP KUV FC­ FKG GPVURTG EJGPFGP 7PVGTNCIGP HÃ’T FKG ,CJTG WPF HGJNGP 5QOKV UKPF XQP FGT +++ -NCUUG FGWVNKEJ WO YGPKIGT JGTIGUVGNNV YQTFGP CNU XQP FGT ++ -NCUUG .CWV -NKGVOCPP WPF 0GWDGEMGT KP -1. 5 YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV #NNIGOGKPG 'JTGP \GKEJGP +++ -NCUUG D\Y 'JTGPMTGW\G +++ -NCUUG XGTNKGJGP FCXQP PGWP KO ,CJTG XQP FGTGP +PJCDGTP PQEJ EC CO .GDGP YCTGP

81


SLG. BEYREISS - OLDENBURG

211

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI #NNIGOGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP +++ -NCUUG #WUHÒJTWPI OKV MNGKPGT -TQPG CWH FGO 4GXGTU 9CRRGP #PHGTVKIWPI OKV INCVVGP -TGW\CTOHN·EJGP GKPVGKNKIG FKEMGTG 2T·IWPI CO 4CPF OO FKEM 'KUGP IGUEJY·T\V CWH 8QTFGT WPF 4ÒEMUGKVG -QTTQUKQPUURWTGP 5EJY·T\WPI VNY DGTKGDGP CO PGWGP $TWUV DCPF $9- $;1 1'- ++ +++

212

213

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI #NNIGOGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP +++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP #WUHÒJTWPI OKV MNGKPGT -TQPG CWH FGO 4G XGTU 9CRRGP #PHGTVKIWPI OKV INCVVGP -TGW\CTOHN·EJGP WPF UQIGP RTGW­KUEJGP 5EJYGTVGTP GKPVGKNK IGT 'KUGPIW­ IGUEJY·T\V 5EJY·T\WPI VNY DGTKGDGP OKV ITQ­GO $CPFTKPI CWU IGUEJY·T\VGO 'KUGP QJPG $CPF $9- $;1 1'- ++ &KG OGKUVGP 8GTNGKJWPIGP FGU #NNIGOGKPGP 'JTGP\GKEJGPU +++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP UKPF KO <WUCOOGPJCPI OKV FGO &GWVUEJ (TCP\ÌUKUEJGP -TKGI XQP GTHQNIV +P FGO DGVTGHHGPFGP <GKVTCWO CNUQ XQP DKU NKGHGTVGP NCWV $G[TGK­ KP $;1 5 FGT *QHLWYGNKGT )GQTI -PCWGT %QOR KP *CPPQXGT WPF FKG (KTOC $GTPJCTF &KGVTKEJ KP #NVGPDWTI FKG +PUKIPKGP FGU 1TFGPU WPF FGU #NNIGOGKPGP 'JTGP\GKEJGPU +P FGP DGK $G[TGK­ XGTÌHHGPV NKEJVGP 6CDGNNGP KP $;1 5 KUV HÒT GKPG .KGHGTWPI XQP 5VÒEM IGPCPPV HÒT 5VÒEM HÒT 5VÒEM HÒT 5VÒEM WPF HÒT 5VÒEM &C FCXQP CWU\WIGJGP KUV UKGJG -CV 0T FC­ FKG PWT UGJT UGNVGP XQTMQOOGPFGP 'ZGORNCTG OKV IGYÌNDVGP /GFCKNNQPU FGT (KTOC &KGVTKEJ \W\WQTFPGP UKPF FÒTHVG GU UKEJ DGKO )TQ­VGKN FGT FCOCNU IGNKGHGTVGP 5VÒEMG WO #PHGTVKIWPIGP XQP -PCWGT KP *CPPQXGT OKV HNCEJGP /GFCKNNQPU JCPFGNP $GOGTMGPUYGTV KUV KP FKGUGO <WUCOOGPJCPI FC­ FKGUG -TGW\G +++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP PCJG\W FWTEJYGIU MGKPG UQIGP QNFGPDWTIKUEJG 5EJYGTVGT OKV XGT\KGTVGP 2CTKGTUVCPIGP CP FGP )TKHHGP CWHYGKUGP UQPFGTP UQIGP RTGW ­KUEJG 5EJYGTVGT OKV UQIGP TÌOKUEJGP 2CTKGTUVCPIGP CP FGP 5EJYGTVGTP .GKFGT IGJV $G[TGK­ KP UGKPGO $WEJ CWH FKGUG 2TQDNGOCVKM FGT WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP 2CTKGTUVCPIGP CP FGP 5EJYGTVGTITKHHGP PKEJV GKP 'U OW­ CP FKGUGO 1TV CWEJ UGKPGT CWH 5 IG·W­GTVGP 6JGUG YKFGTURTQEJGP YGTFGP FC­ GU UKEJ DGK FGP OGKUVGP -TGW\GP FKG KO <WUCOOGPJCPI OKV FGO -TKGI XQP XGTNKGJGP YQTFGP UKPF WO UQNEJG FGT #WUHÒJTWPI JCPFGNV &GOIGIGPÒDGT \GKIV FCU \CJNGPO·­KI FGWVNKEJ JÌJGTG 8QTMQOOGP UQNEJGT GKPFGWVKI QTKIKPCNGP 'ZGORNCTG

DGUQPFGTU CP \YGKHGNUHTGK QTKIKPCNGP 1TFGPUUEJPCNNGP FC­ GU UKEJ DGK FGP OGKUVGP FGT FCOCNU XGTNKGJGPGP 5VÒEMG WO UQNEJG FGT #WUHÒJTWPI JCPFGNV .CWV $G[TGK­ KP $;1 5 H YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV #NNIGOGKPG 'JTGP\GKEJGP +++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP D\Y 'JTGPMTGW\G +++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CP FKG 1TFGPUMCP\NGK IGNKGHGTV YQDGK LGFQEJ \W DGTÒEMUKEJVKIGP KUV FC­ FKG GPVURTGEJGPFGP 7PVGTNCIGP HÒT FKG ,CJTG WPF HGJNGP .CWV -NKGVOCPP WPF 0GWDGEMGT KP -1. 5 YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV #NNIGOGKPG 'JTGP \GKEJGP +++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP D\Y 'JTGPMTGW\G +++ -NCUUG XGTNKGJGP XQP FGTGP +PJCDGTP PQEJ EC CO .GDGP YCTGP 9·JTGPF FGU ICP\GP 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIU GTHQNIVGP MGKPG 8GTNGKJWPIGP FKGUGT -NCUUG

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI #NNIGOGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP +++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP #WUHÒJTWPI OKV MNGKPGT -TQPG CWH FGO 4G XGTU 9CRRGP YQJN #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC $GTPJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI OKV INCVVGP -TGW\CTOHN· EJGP WPF QNFGPDWTIKUEJGP 5EJYGTVGTP GKPVGKNKIG 2T·IWPI 'KUGP IGUEJY·T\V CO CNVGP VNY CWUIG DNGKEJVGP $CPFCDUEJPKVV $9- $;1 1'- ++ <WT 2TQDNGOCVKM FGT UQIGP RTGW­KUEJGP 5EJYGTVGT UKGJG WPUGTG FKGUDG\ÒINKEJG #POGTMWPI WPVGT -CV 0T

82


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214 (1:1)

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI )QNFGPG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG FGU 1TFGPU CD 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV I OKV $CPFTKPI CWH FGO 4CPF PGDGP FGT ¤UG RWP\KGTV WPF 5+.$'4 OKV QTKIKPCNGO VNY CWUIGDNGKEJVGO $CPFCDUEJPKVV KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC $GTPJ -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI $9- $;1 #DD WPF IGPCW FKGUGU 'ZGORNCT 1'- 444 ++ 8QP CNNGTITÌ­VGT 5GNVGPJGKV .CWV $G[TGK­ KP $;1 5 NKGHGTVG FKG (KTOC $GTPJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI KPUIGUCOV )QNFGPG 8GTFKGPUVOG FCKNNGP YQXQP 'ZGORNCTG CWH FCU ,CJT GPVHKGNGP WPF CWH FCU ,CJT .CWV -NKGVOCPP WPF 0GWDGEMGT KP -1. 5 YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV )QNFGPG 8GTFKGPUV OGFCKNNGP XGTNKGJGP FCXQP KO ,CJTG XQP FGTGP +PJCDGTP PQEJ CNNG CO .GDGP YCTGP

215 (1:1)

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI 5KNDGTPG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG FGU 1TFGPU CD 5KNDGT I OKV $CPFTKPI CWH FGO 4CPF PGDGP FGT ¤UG RWP\KGTV WPF 5+.$'4 OKV QTKIKPCNGO VNY CWUIGDNGKEJVGO $TWUVDCPF $9- $;1 1'- 4 ++ .CWV $G[TGK­ KP $;1 5 NKGHGTVG FKG (KTOC $GTPJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI KPUIGUCOV 5KNDGTPG 8GTFKGPUV OGFCKNNGP YQXQP 'ZGORNCTG CWH FCU ,CJT GPVHKGNGP LGYGKNU CWH WPF CWH WPF CWH FCU ,CJT .CWV -NKGVOCPP WPF 0GWDGEMGT KP -1. 5 YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV )QNFGPG 8GT FKGPUVOGFCKNNGP XGTNKGJGP FCXQP FTGK KO ,CJTG XQP FGTGP +PJCDGTP PQEJ EC CO .GDGP YCTGP

216 (1:1)

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI $TQP\GPG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG FGU 1TFGPU CD $TQP\G I OKV $CPFTKPI OKV MWT\GO CNVGO $CPFUVÒEM $9- $;1 1'- 44 ++ .CWV $G[TGK­ KP $;1 5 NKGHGTVG FKG (KTOC $GTPJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI KPUIGUCOV $TQP\GPG 8GTFKGPUVOG FCKNNGP YQXQP 'ZGORNCTG CWH FCU ,CJT GPVHKGNGP CWH WPF CWH FCU ,CJT 5QOKV UKPF XQP FGT $TQP\GPGP 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG FGWVNKEJ WO YGPKIGT JGTIGUVGNNV YQTFGP CNU XQP 5KNDGTPGP /GFCKNNG .CWV -NKGVOCPP WPF 0GWDGEMGT KP -1. 5 YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV $TQP\GPG 8GT FKGPUVOGFCKNNGP XGTNKGJGP FCXQP HÒPH KO ,CJTG XQP FGTGP +PJCDGTP PQEJ CNNG CO .GDGP YCTGP

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SLG. BEYREISS - OLDENBURG

218

219

217

<KXKNXGTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG 5KNDGTPG <KXKNXGTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG 5KNDGT I OKV $CPFTKPI OKV 5VGORGN UEJPGKFGT <GKEJGP . + HÃ’T ,QJCPP .WFYKI ,CEJVOCPP OKV MWT\GO $CPFUVÃ’EM KO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK $9- $;1 #DD IGPCW FKGUG /GFCKNNG 1'- 4444 ++ 8QP CW­GTQTFGPVNKEJGT 5GNVGPJGKV 'U JCPFGNV UKEJ JKGTDGK WO GKPGU XQP XKGT KO ,CJTG XGTMCWHVGP 'ZGORNCTGP -WT\ PCEJ UGKPGT 4Ã’EMMGJT CWU FGO TWUUKUEJGP 'ZKN KO (TÃ’JLCJT UVKHVGVG FGT QNFGPDWTIKUEJG 4GIGPV (TKGFTKEJ 2GVGT .WFYKI TGI XQP DKU WPF XQP DKU CNU 2TKP\TGIGPV WPF CD CNU *GT\QI FKG \YGKUVWHKIG )QNF WPF 5KNDGT /GFCKNNG WO OCPEJGP <WI GEJVGT FGWVUEJGT 6TGWG WPF WPDGOGTMVGT 5VQKUEJGT 6WIGPF \W DGNQJPGP 5EJTGKDGP FGU *GT\QIU XQO ,CPWCT CP FGP RTGW­KUEJGP 5VCCVUTCV 0KEQNKXKWU KP $GT NKP 5V#1 & &GP 5VGORGN UEJPKVV FGT /GFCKNNGWT ,QJCPP .WFYKI ,CEJVOCPP XQP FGT /Ã’P\G KP $GTNKP 'U YWTFGP LG )QNFGPG WPF 5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNGP IGNKGHGTV #NNGTFKPIU MCO GU PKG \W GKPGT 8GTNGKJWPI YGFGT FGT )QNFGPGP PQEJ FGT 5KNDGTPGP /GFCKNNG YWTFGP \YGK )QNFGPG WPF XKGT 5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNGP XGTMCWHV Ã’DGT FGP 8GTDNGKD FGT YGKVGTGP 5VÃ’EMG KUV DKUJGT PKEJVU DGMCPPV 8IN $;1 5 H WPF *QN\G /CPHTGF #WUIGY·JNVG QNFGPDWTIKUEJG /GFCKNNGP WPF /GFCKNNGWTG FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU +P 1/( 5

8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG HÃ’T 4GVVWPI CWU )GHCJT 5QIGP 2T·IWPI 5KNDGT OKV GTJCDGPGT 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT 5KIPCVWT $4'*/'4 ( OKV MWT\GT -NCWGP #WHJ·PIWPI CWH FGO 4CPF 8GTNGK JWPIUITCXWT ( 9 # 5EJOG[ #WIWUV OKV CNVGO $CPFUVÃ’EM $9- $;. IGPCW FKGUGU 'ZGORNCT $;1 1'- 44 ++ )GUVKHVGV XQP )TQ­JGT\QI 2CWN (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV + TGI UGKV OKV $GUEJNW­ FGU -CRKVGNU FGU *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGPU FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI XQO ,CPWCT HÃ’T 2GTUQPGP FKG FWTEJ GKP GPV UEJNQUUGPGU WPF OWVXQNNGU $GPGJOGP QJPG $GTÃ’EMUKEJVKIWPI FGT KJPGP UGNDUV FTQJGPFGP )GHCJT FCU .GDGP QFGT FCU 'KIGPVWO CPFGTGT IGTGVVGV QFGT FWTEJ CW­GTQTFGPVNKEJG #PUVTGPIWPIGP \W UQNEJGT 4GVVWPI DGKIGVTCIGP JCDGP UGNDUV YGPP UKG VTQV\ CNNGT UQNEJGT #PUVTGPIWPIGP PKEJV IGNWPIGP UGKP UQNNVG -CRKVGNDGUEJNW­ FGU *CWU WPF 8GT FKGPUVQTFGPU XQO ,CPWCT 5QOKV YCT FCU 'JTGP\GKEJGP FGO *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP \YCT CPIGUEJNQU UGP FKGUGO LGFQEJ PKEJV CHHKNKKGTV YKG FCU #NNIGOGKPG 'JTGP\GKEJGP &KG /GFCKNNG YWTFG XQO 1NFGPDWTIGT /CNGT *COOCEJGT GPVYQTHGP FKG 5VGORGN UEJPKVV FGT /GFCKNNGWT (TKGFTKEJ $TGJOGT XQP FGT /Ã’P\G KP *CPPQXGT 8QP FKGUGT UQIGP 2T·IWPI YWTFGP 'ZGORNCTG IGNKGHGTV FKG KP FGP ,CJTGP DKU \WT 8GTNGKJWPI IGNCPIVGP 5KG YCT PCEJ FGO 6QFG FGU $GNKGJGPGP PKEJV TÃ’EMICDGRHNKEJVKI 8IN $;1 5 WPF $;. 5 HH 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG HÃ’T 4GVVWPI CWU )GHCJT 5QIGP 2T·IWPI 5KNDGT OKV XGTVKGHVGT 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT 5KIPCVWT $4'*/'4 ( OKV NCPIGT -NCWGP #WHJ·PIWPI CWH FGO 4CPF 8GTNGK JWPIUITCXWT 5GMWPFCPGT 'FYCTF /G[GT ,CPT FCTWPVGT 5KNDGTRWP\G OKV CNVGO $CPF UVÃ’EM $9- $;. IGPCW FKGUGU 'ZGORNCT $;1 #DD WPF IGPCW FKGUGU 'ZGORNCT 1'- 4 ++ 0CEJFGO FGT $GUVCPF FGT UQIGP 2T·IWPI \WT 0GKIG \W IGJGP FTQJVG YWTFGP DGK FGT /Ã’P\G KP *CPPQXGT YGKVGTG 'ZGORNCTG KP #WHVTCI IGIGDGP (Ã’T FKG #WUHÃ’JTWPI FKGUGU #WHVTCIU YWTFG FGT 5VGORGN XGT·PFGTV FKG 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT 5KIPCVWT YCT PWPOGJT XGTVKGHV UQIGP 2T·IWPI WPF PKEJV OGJT GTJCDGP WPF GTHQNIVGP .KGHGTWPIGP XQP LGYGKNU YGKVGTGP 'ZGORNCTGP FKG FKG (KTOC 5[ WPF 9CIPGT KP $GTNKP OKV FKGUGO 5VGORGN JGTUVGNNVG &KGUG KPUIGUCOV 'ZGORNCTG YCTGP DKU \WO ,CJTG CWHIGDTCWEJV +O *GTDUV UVKHVGVG )TQ­JGT\QI (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV TGI XQP DKU QJPG FGP 'TNC­ DGUQPFG TGT 5VCVWVGP GKPG UKNDGTPG 5RCPIG HÃ’T YKGFGTJQNVG 4GVVWPI CWU )GHCJT FKG CWH FGO $CPF FGT /GFCKNNG DGHGUVKIV YCT 'U GTHQNIVG GKPG 8GTNGKJWPI CO ,CPWCT 8IN $;1 5 HH WPF $;. 5 HH

84


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220 (1:1)

221 (1:1)

221 (1:1)

8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG HÒT 4GVVWPI CWU )GHCJT 5QIGP 2T·IWPI CD #WUHÒJTWPI $TQP\G XGTUKNDGTV OKV XGTVKGHVGT 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT 5KIPCVWT $4'*/'4 ( OKV &TCJVÌUG QJPG 8GTNGKJWPIUITCXWT OKV UR·VGTGO $CPFUVÒEM $9- $;. IGPCW FKGUGU 'ZGORNCT $;1 #DD WPF IGPCW FKGUGU 'ZGORNCT 1'- 444 ++ <YGKHGNUHTGKGU WPF UGNVGPGU 1TKIKPCNGZGORNCT XQP FGO PWT 'ZGORNCTG XGTNKGJGP YQTFGP UGKP FÒTHVGP &C FCU 5VÒEM GKPFGWVKI IGRT·IV KUV WPF FKG 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT 5KIPCVWT CWHYGKUV MCPP GU UKEJ PKEJV WO GKPG 0CEJHGTVKIWPI -QRKG QFGT (·NUEJWPI JCPFGNP 0CEJFGO FKG .KGHGTWPI XQP KO ,CJT CWHIGDTCWEJV YCT NKGHGTVG FKG (KTOC $GTPJCTF -PCWGT KP FGOUGNDGP ,CJT YKGFGT 'ZGORNCTG KP 5KNDGT FKG OKV FGO \YGKVGP 5VGORGN JGTIGUVGNNV YWTFGP LGFQEJ PWPOGJT OKV GKPGT &TCJVÌUG XGTUGJGP +O ,CJTG GTHQNIVG FWTEJ -PCWGT GKPG YGKVGTG .KGHGTWPI XQP 'ZGORNCTGP CWU XGTUKNDGTVGT $TQP\G &KG UKNDGT PGP /GFCKNNGP UEJGKPGP CNNG XGTNKGJGP YQTFGP \W UGKP XQP FGT \YGKVGP .KGHGTWPI KO ,CJTG KUV FKGU YQJN HÒT FGT (CNN YQDGK FKG NGV\VG PCEJYGKUDCTG 8GTNGKJWPI KO ,CJTG CP FKG L·JTKIG 5EJÒNGTKP *KNFGICTF 5EJTKGXGT #DGNP CWU 4ÒUVTKPIGP GTHQNIVG $G[TGK­ GTY·JPV KP $;1 5 FC­ CD GKPGO WPDGMCPPVGP <GKVRWPMV FKG 8GTNGKJWPI QJPG 4CPFITCXWT GTHQNIV \W UGKP UEJGKPV YQDGK LGFQEJ HÒT PQEJ GKPG UQNEJG PCEJ\WYGKUGP KUV &GT )TWPF HÒT FCU 9GINCUUGP FGT 8GTNGK JWPIUITCXWT KUV WPUGTGT /GKPWPI PCEJ YQJN KP FGO 7OUVCPF \W UGJGP FC­ FKG PGW IGNKGHGTVGP 'ZGORNCTG CWU XGTUKNDGTVGT $TQP\G YCTGP YCU DGK GKPGT 4CPFITCXWT \W UGJGP IGYGUGP Y·TG 9GFGT $G[TGK­ KP $;1 WPF KP $;. PQEJ *GUUGPVJCN WPF 5EJTGKDGT KP *75 PQEJ 0KOOGTIWV KP 0+ PQEJ -NKG KP 1/( MGPPGP QFGT DGUEJTGKDGP FKGUG #WUHÒJTWPI 8IN $;1 5 WPF -NKG 'TPUV &GT )QNFUEJOKGF WPF /GFCKNNGWT 4KEJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGP DWTI +P 1/( 5 H 0T WPF $;. 5 H

/GFCKNNG HÒT 9KUUGPUEJCHV WPF -WPUV )QNFGPG /GFCKNNG PKEJV VTCIDCT &WTEJOGUUGT OO 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV CO 4CPF 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT 5KIPCVWT 4 -1'.$'. ( CWH FGO 4CPF RWP\KGTV WPF 5+.$'4 8GTIQNFWPI VNY DGTKGDGP 44 ++ +++ #O ,WPK UVKHVGVG )TQ­JGT\QI 0KEQNCWU (TKGFTKEJ 2GVGT ++ TGI UGKV FKG \YGKUVWHKIG

)QNF WPF 5KNDGT /GFCKNNG QJPG FC­ JKGT\W 5VCVWVGP GTNCUUGP YWTFGP &GT 5VGORGN JKGTHÒT YWTFG XQP FGO /GFCKN NGWT 4WFQNRJ -ÌNDGN KP 1NFGPDWTI IGUEJPKVVGP 8QP DKU YWTFGP 'ZGORNCTG KP )QNF XGT NKGJGP XQP DKU UKE KPUIGUCOV 'ZGORNCTG KP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV 8IN $;1 5 H WPF -NKG 'TPUV &GT /GFCKNNGWT 4WFQNRJ -ÌNDGN WPF UGKP /GFCKNNGPUEJCHHGP HÒT 1NFGPDWTI +P 1/( 5 H 0T

222 (1:1)

/GFCKNNG HÒT 9KUUGPUEJCHV WPF -WPUV 5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG PKEJV VTCIDCT &WTEJOGUUGT OO 5KNDGT CO 4CPF 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT 5KIPCVWT 4 -1'.$'. ( QJPG 4CPFRWP\KGTWPI FGWVNKEJG 4CPFMGTDG 44 ++ 8QP DKU YWTFGP PWT 'ZGORNCTG KP 5KNDGT XGTNKGJGP FCPCEJ GTHQNIVGP MGKPG 8GTNGKJWPIGP OGJT 8IN $;1 5 H WPF *QN\G /CPHTGF #WUIGY·JNVG QNFGPDWTIKUEJG /GFCKNNGP WPF /GFCKNNGWTG FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU +P 1/( 5

85


SLG. BEYREISS - OLDENBURG

223 (1:1)

223 (1:1)

225

224 (1:1)

224 (1:1)

/GFCKNNG HÒT JGTXQTTCIGPFG .GKUVWPIGP CWH FGO )GDKGVG FGT -WPUV )QNFGPG /GFCKNNG HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FKG -WPUV 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV I OKV 4KPI 8GTIQNFWPI GVYCU DGTKGDGP OKV 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT 5KIPCVWT 4 -őő OKP 5VGORGNUEJY·EJG FGT 4GUV FGT 5KIPCVWT HGJNV PWT PQEJ FCU . CO 'PFG FGU 0COGPU KUV CPIGFGWVGV WPF XQP ( KUV FGT UGPMTGEJVG 5VTKEJ XQTJCPFGP OKV MWT\GO QTKIKPCNGO CNVGP $TWUVDCPF $9- $;1 1'- 444 ++ &KG \YGKMNCUUKIG )QNF WPF 5KNDGT 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG YWTFG CO 0QXGODGT XQP )TQ­JGT\QI 0KEQNCWU (TKGFTKEJ 2GVGT ++ TGI UGKV IGUVKHVGV WPF INGKEJGPVCIU FKG 5VCVWVGP GTNCUUGP &KGUGP \WHQNIG YCT UKG DGUVKOOV HÒT CWUÒDGPFG -ÒPUVNGT WPF -ÒPUVNGTKPPGP 5EJCWURKGNGT 8KTVWQUGP GVE YGNEJG UKEJ FWTEJ JGTXQTTC IGPFG .GKUVWPIGP CWH FGO )GDKGV FGT -WPUV CWU\GKEJPGP &GT 5VGORGN HÒT FKG /GFCKNNG YWTFG XQP FGO /GFCKNNGWT 4WFQNRJ -ÌNDGN KP 1NFGPDWTI IGUEJPKVVGP 8QP DKU YWTFGP /GFCKNNGP KP )QNF XGTNKGJGP XQP FGPGP WPF LGYGKNU 'ZGORNCTG IGNKGHGTV YQTFGP YCTGP WPF XQP DKU KPUIGUCOV KP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV XQP FGPGP GKPG .KGHGTWPI XQP 5VÒEM GTHQNIV YCT WPF GKPG XQP YGKVGTGP 5VÒEM &KG 5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG YWTFG KPUIGUCOV PWT HÒPHOCN XGTNKGJGP 8IN $;1 5 HH WPF -NKG 'TPUV &GT /GFCKNNGWT 4WFQNRJ -ÌNDGN WPF UGKP /GFCKNNGPUEJCHHGP HÒT 1NFGPDWTI +P 1/( 5 H 0T

/GFCKNNG HÒT JGTXQTTCIGPFG .GKUVWPIGP CWH FGO )GDKGVG FGT -WPUV )TQ­G /GFCKNNG ++ -NCUUG HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FKG -WPUV CD 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV 8GTIQNFWPI PCJG\W XQNNUV·PFKI XGTICPIGP KO 4CPF RWP\KGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP MQPHGMVKQPKGTVGP WPF IGVTCIGPGP *CNUDCPF $9- $;1 #DD WPF IGPCW FKGUGU 'ZGORNCT 1'- 444 ++ 8QP CNNGTITÌ­VGT 5GNVGPJGKV /KV &CVWO XQO #WIWUV UVKHVGVG )TQ­JGT\QI (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV TGI XQP DKU FKG \YGKMNCUUKIG + WPF ++ -NCUUG )TQ­G /GFCKNNG HÒT JGTXQTTCIGPFG .GKUVWPIGP CWH FGO )GDKGVG FGT -WPUV HÒT CWU ÒDGPFG -ÒPUVNGT WPF -ÒPUVNGTKPPGP FKG UKEJ FWTEJ JGTXQTTCIGPFG .GKUVWPIGP CWH FGO )GDKGVG FGT -WPUV CWU\GKEJ PGP WPF +PJCDGT FGT WPVGTO 0QXGODGT IGUVKHVGVGP /GFCKNNG ŊHÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FKG -WPUVň UKPF 5VKHVWPIU DGUVKOOWPIGP &KG /GFCKNNG YWTFG XQP 4KEJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI GPVYQTHGP &GP 5VGORGN \W FKGUGT /GFCKNNG UEJPKVV 'OKN 9GKICPF /GFCKNNGWT CP FGT 2TGW­KUEJGP /ÒP\G \W $GTNKP &KG 2T·IWPI GTHQNIVG FWTEJ FKG (KTOC /C[GT 9KNJGNO KP 5VWVVICTV WPF FKG .KGHGTWPI FWTEJ FKG (KTOC $GTPJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI 8QP FGT + -NCUUG NKGHGTVG FKG (KTOC $GTPJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI \YGK 'ZGORNCTG FKG CDGT PKG \WT 8GTNGKJWPI IGNCPIVGP 8QP FGT ++ -NCUUG YWTFGP 'ZGORNCTG IGNKGHGTV XQP FGPGP XQP DKU UKE 5VÒEM XGTNKGJGP YWTFGP 8IN $;1 5 WPF 9+' 5 0T 9 WPF -NKG 'TPUV &GT )QNFUEJOKGF WPF /GFCKNNGWT 4KEJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI +P 1/( 5 H 0T

86

/GFCKNNG HÒT JGTXQTTCIGPFG .GKUVWPIGP CWH FGO )GDKGVG FGT -WPUV 5VCVWV DGVTGHHGP FKG 8GTNGKJWPI FGT /GFCKNNG HÒT JGTXQTTCIGPFG .GKUVWPIGP CWH FGO )GDKGVG FGT -WPUV 5GKVGP 7PF $GUVKO OWPIGP DGVTGHHGPF 5VKHVWPI GKPGT ITQ­GP /GFCKNNG HÒT JGTXQTTCIGPFG .GKUVWPIGP CWH FGO )GDKGVG FGT -WPUV 5GKVGP 44 ++


SLG. BEYREISS - OLDENBURG

226 (1:1)

226 (1:1)

227 228 (1:1)

228 (1:1)

/GFCKNNG HÒT 6TGWG KP FGT #TDGKV 5KNDGT CWH FGO 4CPF PGDGP FGT ¤UG RWP\KGTV QJPG 2WP\KG TWPI 5+.$'4 OKV NCPIGO CNVGP 1TKIKPCNDCPF KO 'VWK $9- $;1 1'- ++ #O 0QXGODGT UVKHVGVG )TQ­JGT\QI (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV TGI XQP DKU FKG /GFCKNNG HÒT #TDGKVGT WPF &KGPUVDQVGP DGKFGTNGK )GUEJNGEJVU FKG PCEJ XQNNGPFGVGO .GDGPULCJT ,CJTG QJPG 7PVGTDTG EJWPI KP GKPGO WPF FGOUGNDGP #TDGKVU QFGT &KGPUVXGTJ·NVPKU IGUVCPFGP JCDGP WPF XÌNNKI WPDGUEJQNVGP UKPF 5VCVW VGP #O 0QXGODGT GTHQNIVG GKPG 8GT·PFGTWPI FGT 8GTNGKJWPIUXQTCWUUGV\WPIGP PWPOGJT YCTGP PWT PQEJ ,CJTG CD FGO .GDGPULCJT QJPG 7PVGTDTGEJWPI PQVYGPFKI &KG /GFCKNNG YWTFG XQP 4KEJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI GPVYQTHGP FKG .KGHGTWPI GTHQNIVG FWTEJ FKG (KTOC UGKPGU 8CVGTU $GTPJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI $G[TGK­ MCPP MGKPG RT·\KUG 8GTNGKJWPIU\CJN CPIGDGP UEJ·V\V FKGUG CDGT CWHITWPF FGT GKPIGTGKEJVGP #PVT·IG CWH EC #O 0QXGODGT GTHQNIVG FKG NGV\VG 8GTNGKJWPI

8IN $;1 5 HH WPF -NKG 'TPUV &GT )QNFUEJOKGF WPF /GFCKNNGWT 4KEJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI +P 1/( 5 0T

4QVG -TGW\ /GFCKNNG /GFCKNNG HÒT (TCWGP #WUICDG $CPF OKV CWHIGNGIVGO /QPQITCOO ' ņ QTKIKPCNG MQNQTKGTVG 'PVYWTHU\GKEJPWPI XQP 4KEJCTF -PCWGT FCVKGTV 'VYCU XGTHNGEMV 4444 ++ )GUVKHVGV CO #WIWUV XQP )TQ­JGT\QI (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV TGI XQP DKU HÒT /·PPGT WPF (TCWGP FKG UKEJ KP HTGKYKNNKIGT -TCPMGPRHNGIG KP -TKGIU QFGT (TKGFGPU\GKVGP QFGT KP UQPUVKIGT $GV·VKIWPI IGOGKPPÒV\KIGT $GUVTGDWPIGP DGUQPFGTG 8GTFKGPUVG GTYQTDGP JCDGP 5VKHVWPIUGTNC­ &KG /GFCKNNG YWTFG XQP 4KEJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI GPVYQTHGP FKG .KGHGTWPI GTHQNIVG FWTEJ FKG (KTOC UGKPGU 8CVGTU $GTPJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI )GPCW FKGUG <GKEJPWPI KUV DGK $G[TGK­ KP $;1 5 #DD CDIGDKNFGV .CWV WTURTÒPINKEJGO 'PVYWTH UQNNVG FKG /GFCKNNG DGK 8GTNGKJWPI CP (TCWGP CWH FGO $CPF GKP CWHIGNGIVGU IGMTÌPVGU /QPQITCOO ' CWHYGKUGP .CWV #POGTMWPI KP $;1 5 YWTFG FKGUGT 0COGPU\WI IGO·­ GKPGT $GUVKOOWPI XQO (GDTWCT PKEJV OGJT IGVTCIGP

8IN $;1 5 HH WPF -NKG 'TPUV &GT )QNFUEJOKGF WPF /GFCKNNGWT 4KEJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI +P 1/( 5 0T

4QVG -TGW\ /GFCKNNG /GFCKNNG HÒT (TCWGP #WUICDG QJPG /QPQITCOO ' ņ UGKV #WU HÒJTWPI 5KNDGT 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF VNY GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 8QTFGTUGKVG NKPMU PGDGP FGO 4QV -TGW\ /GFCKNNQP 4GRCTCVWTURWT CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG 5KNDGTRWP\G CP QTKIKPCNGT CNVGT &COGPUEJNGKHG $9- $;1 #DD IGPCW FKGUGU 'ZGORNCT 1'- +++ +PUIGUCOV YWTFGP ÒDGT OGJTGTG ,CJTG XGTVGKNV 'ZGORNCTG IGNKGHGTV XQP FGPGP 5VÒEM XQO ,CPWCT DKU \WO 1MVQDGT XGTNKGJGP YWTFGP FCXQP CP (TCWGP WPF \YGK CP /·PPGT 8IN $;1 5 HH

87


SLG. BEYREISS - OLDENBURG

229 (1:1)

229

230 (1:1)

4QVG -TGW\ /GFCKNNG /GFCKNNG HÒT (TCWGP #WUICDG QJPG /QPQITCOO ' ņ UGKV #WU HÒJTWPI $WPVOGVCNN $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF VNY GOCKNNKGTV QJPG 2WP\KGTWPI OKV QTKIKPCNGO CNVGO $CPFCDUEJPKVV KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUUEJ·EJVGNEJGP FGT (KTOC $GTPJ -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI $9- XCT $;1 XCT 1'- XCT 44 ++ &KG (KTOC $GTPJCTF -PCWGT NKGHGTVG CD KPUIGUCOV 'ZGORNCTG XGTVGKNV ÒDGT OGJTGTG ,CJTG &C FKG NGV\VG 8GTNGKJWPI CO 1MVQDGT GTHQNIVG FÒTHVGP WPUGTG /GKPWPI PCEJ CWEJ PQEJ KP FGT \YGKVGP *·NHVG FGU 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIU 'ZGORNCTG IGNKGHGTV YQTFGP UGKP FKG CWHITWPF FGT /GVCNN $GYKTVUEJCHVWPI PKEJV OGJT KP 5KNDGT UQPFGTP KP XGTIQNFGVGO $WPVOGVCNN YQJN $TQP\G QFGT /GUUKPI IGHGTVKIV YQTFGP YCTGP 9KGXKGN FGT KPUIGUCOV IGNKGHGT VGP 'ZGORNCTG CNNGTFKPIU KP 5KNDGT WPF YKGXKGN KP $WPVOGVCNN IGHGTVKIV YWTFGP FCTÒDGT MCPP NGKFGT MGKPG #WUUCIG IGVTQHHGP YGTFGP $G[TGK­ KP $;1 5 HH OCEJV MGKPG #PICDGP ÒDGT FCU XGTYGPFGVG /CVGTKCN DKNFGV LGFQEJ FCU 4GXGTU GKPGT /GFCKNNG OKV UKEJVDCTGT 2WP\KGTWPI CD -NKG KP 1/( 5 0T GTY·JPV 5KNDGT CNU XGTYGPFGVGU /CVGTKCN WPF CWEJ FKG 5KNDGTRWP\G CWH FGO 4GXGTU 0KOOGTIWV JKPIGIGP KP 0+ 5 0T DGJCWRVGV QJPG 3WGNNGP CPICDG FC­ FKG 'ZGORNCTG KP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV PKEJV UVCVWVGPIGO·­ UGKGP *GUUGPVJCN WPF 5EJTGKDGT OCEJGP MGKPG #PICDGP ÒDGT FCU XGTYGPFGVG /GVCNN UVGNNGP LGFQEJ HGUV FC­ FKG 4ÒEMUGKVG INCVV KUV

/GFCKNNG HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG KP FGT (GWGTYGJT $TQP\G OKV QTKIKPCNGO CNVGP $CPFCDUEJPKVV $9- $;1 #DD WPF IGPCW FKGUGU 'ZGORNCT 1'- ++ )GUVKHVGV CO 0QXGODGT XQP )TQ­JGT\QI (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV TGI XQP DKU HÒT /KV INKGFGT GKPGT QTICPKUKGTVGP QNFGPDWTIKUEJGP (GWGTYGJT CNU #WU\GKEJPWPI YGIGP NCPIL·JTKIGT VTGWGT 2HNKEJVGTHÒNNWPI QFGT YGIGP DGUQPFGTU JGTXQTTCIGPFGT .GKUVWPI KP FGT (GWGTYGJT 5VKHVWPIUGTNC­ #O 0QXGODGT YWTFG GTI·P\V FC­ UQHGTP MGKPG DGUQPFGTGP 8GTFKGPUVG KO $TCPFHCNN XQTNCIGP FKG /GFCKNNG PCEJ L·JTKIGT NGKVGPFGT 6·VKIMGKV D\Y PCEJ L·JTKIGO FKGPUVNKEJGO 'KHGT WPF VTGWGT 2HNKEJVGTHÒNNWPI XGTNKGJGP YGTFGP UQNNVG &KG /GFCKNNG YWTFG XQP 4KEJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI GPVYQTHGP FKG .KGHGTWPI GTHQNIVG FWTEJ FKG (KTOC UGKPGU 8CVGTU $GTPJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI YQDGK WPDGMCPPV KUV YKG JQEJ FKG )GUCOVCWHNCIG YCT &KG /GFCKNNG YWTFG CWH #PVTCI FGU .CPFGUHGWGTYGJTXGTDCPFGU XGTNKGJGP YQDGK FKG #MVGP OGJT CNU UQNEJG #PVT·IG GTJCNVGP #NNGTFKPIU MQPPVG GKPG FGHKPKVKXG 8GTNGKJWPIU\CJN DKUJGT PKEJV GTOKVVGNV YGTFGP 8IN $;1 5 WPF WPF -NKG 'TPUV &GT )QNFUEJOKGF WPF /GFCKNNGWT 4KEJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI +P 1/( 5 H 0T

231 (1:1)

/GFCKNNG \WT 'TKPPGTWPI CP )TQ­JGT\QI 2CWN (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV $TQP\GOGFCKNNG #WUHÒJTWPI OKV +PUEJTKHV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG $TQP\G OKV 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT 5KIPCVWT 4 -ę.$'. ('% - (+5%*'4 &+4 CO MWT\GP 1TKIKPCNDCPF $9- $;1 #DD WPF IGPCW FKGUGU 'ZGORNCT 1'- 444 ++ 8QP CNNGTITÌ­VGT 5GNVGPJGKV 8QP )TQ­JGT\QI 2CWN (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV + XQP 1NFGPDWTI TGI UGKV QJPG 'TNC­ XQP 5VCVWVGP IGUVKHVGV \WT 8GTNGKJWPI CP FKG &KGPGTUEJCHV FGU XGTUVQTDGPGP )TQ­JGT\QIU #P FGT *GTUVGNNWPI YCTGP UQYQJN FGT /GFCKNNGWT 4WFQNRJ -ÌNDGN KP 1NFGPDWTI YKG CWEJ ,QJCPP -CTN (KUEJGT /GFCKNNGWT DGK .QQU WPF 9CIPGT KP $GTNKP DGVGKNKIV &KG )QNFGPG /GFCKNNG YWTFG PWT GKPOCN XGTNKGJGP GKP \YGKVGU 'ZGORNCT DGHKPFGV UKEJ KP FGT ITQ­JGT\QINKEJGP /ÒP\GP WPF /GFCKNNGPUCOONWPI \W 1NFGPDWTI 8QP FGT /GFCKNNG KP $TQP\G NKGHGTVG -ÌNDGN 'ZGORNCTG YQDGK PKEJV \YKUEJGP 5VÒEMGP OKV WPF QJPG 4GXGTU +PUEJTKHV WPVGTUEJKGFGP YWTFG (ÒT FKG 8GTNGKJWPI FGT $TQP\GOGFCKNNG MCOGP PWT UGEJU -COOGTFKGPGT KP (TCIG 8IN $;1 5 HH WPF WPF -NKG 'TPUV &GT /GFCKNNGWT 4WFQNRJ -ÌNDGN WPF UGKP /GFCKNNGPUEJCHHGP HÒT 1NFGPDWTI +P 1/( 5 0T

88


SLG. BEYREISS - OLDENBURG

232

233

'JTGP\GKEJGP \WO L·JTKIGP 'JGLWDKN·WO #WUICDG OKV &QRRGNRQTVTCKV XQP )TQ­JGT\QI (TKGF TKEJ #WIWUV WPF )TQ­JGT\QIKP 'NKUCDGVJ ņ ! PKEJV VTCIDCT &WTEJOGUUGT OO 5KNDGT CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG ITCXKGTV 0QXDT (/1 5 HH #DD WPF ++ )GUVKHVGV CO 1MVQDGT XQP )TQ­JGT\QI (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV TGI XQP DKU &KG /GFCKNNG KUV YQJN XQP 4KEJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI IGUVCNVGV WPF XQP FGT (KTOC UGKPGU 8CVGTU $GTPJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI IGNKGHGTV YQTFGP *GTUVGNNWPI WPF 8GTNGKJWPIU\CJNGP UKPF PKEJV DGMCPPV 8IN -NKG 'TPUV &GT )QNFUEJOKGF WPF /GFCKNNGWT 4KEJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI +P 1/( 5 HH 0T

'JTGP\GKEJGP \WO L·JTKIGP 'JGLWDKN·WO #WUICDG OKV 2QTVTCKV XQP )TQ­JGT\QI (TKGFTKEJ #W IWUV CNNGKP ņ ! ! PKEJV VTCIDCT &WTEJOGUUGT OO 5KNDGT CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG ITCXKGTV (/1 5 #DD WPF ++ <W GKPGO WPDGMCPPVGP <GKVRWPMV YWTFG FKG 8QTFGTUGKVG FGT /GFCKNNG YQJN XQP 4KEJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI PGW IGUVCNVGV &KG .KGHGTWPI GTHQNIVG FWTEJ FKG (KTOC UGKPGU 8CVGTU $GTPJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI *GTUVGNNWPI WPF 8GTNGKJWPIU\CJNGP UKPF PKEJV DGMCPPV 8IN -NKG 'TPUV &GT )QNFUEJOKGF WPF /GFCKNNGWT 4KEJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI +P 1/( 5 0T

234 (1:1)

235 (1:1)

235 (1:1)

-TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G HÒT FGP (GNF\WI 5KNDGT OKV CNVGO VNY UVCTM CWUIGDNGKEJVGO $CPF $9- $;1 #DD WPF IGPCW FKGUGU 'ZGORNCT 1'- ++ &KG /GFCKNNG YWTFG CO #RTKN XQO 4GIGPVGP (TKGFTKEJ 2GVGT .WFYKI TGI XQP DKU WPF XQP DKU CNU 2TKP\TGIGPV WPF CD CNU *GT\QI CWH #PTGIWPI FGU RTGW­KUEJGP (GNFOCTUEJCNNU )GDJCTF .GDGTGEJV XQP $NÒEJGT (ÒTUV XQP 9CJNUVCVV HÒT CNNG YKTMNKEJ KO (GNF WPF IGIGP FGP (GKPF IGUVCPFGPGP 1HHK\KGTG WPF /CPPUEJCHVGP 5VKHVWPIUXGTHÒIWPI IGUVKHVGV +O (GDTWCT GTHQNIVG KP FGT 2TGW­K UEJGP /ÒP\G \W $GTNKP FKG 2T·IWPI XQP 'ZGORNCTGP FKG KO #RTKN PCEJ 1NFGPDWTI IGNKGHGTV YWTFGP +PUIG UCOV YWTFGP 5VÒEM XGTNKGJGP GKPUEJNKG­NKEJ FGT 0CEJXGTNGKJWPIGP YQXQP FKG NGV\VG CO 0QXGODGT GTHQNIVG &KG /GFCKNNG MQOOV IGNGIGPVNKEJ OKV GKPGT 4CPFITCXWT FGU 0COGPU FGU $GNKGJGPGP XQT 8IN $;1 5 HH

'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG HÒT FKG 8GVGTCPGP XQP WPF $TQP\G CP QTKIKPCNGT CNVGT 'KPGT 1T FGPUUEJPCNNG $9- $;1 #DD WPF IGPCW FKGUGU 'ZGORNCT 1'- ++ 'TUV OKV &CVWO XQO ,WPK UVKHVGVG )TQ­JGT\QI 0KEQNCWU (TKGFTKEJ 2GVGT ++ TGI UGKV FKG /GFCKNNG WO FGP 8GVGTCPGP FKG XQT PWPOGJT HÒPH\KI ,CJTGP CP FGP -TKGIGP HÒT 5EJNGUYKI WPF *QNUVGKP KP FGP ,CJTGP WPF VJGKNIGPQOOGP JCDGP GKP ·W­GTGU <GKEJGP FGT 'TKPPGTWPI CP LGPG <GKVGP \W IGY·JTGP

5VKHVWPIUXGTQTFPWPI &C FKG FKGUDG\ÒINKEJGP #MVGP #PHCPI FGT GT ,CJTG CWH DGJÌTFNKEJG #PQTFPWPI XGTPKEJVGV YQTFGP UKPF MQPPVGP MGKPG RT·\KUGP 8GTNGKJWPIU\CJNGP OGJT GTOKVVGNV YGTFGP $G[TGK­ UEJ·V\V LGFQEJ KP $;1 5 IGUVÒV\V CWH FKG 5VCOOTQNNGP XQP WPF FC­ EC QNFGPDWTIKUEJG 7PVGTQHHK\KGTG WPF 5QNFCVGP CP FKGUGU (GNF\ÒIGP VGKNIGPQOOGP JCDGP YQXQP PCEJ ,CJTGP PQEJ EC 2GTUQPGP CO .GDGP IGYGUGP UGKP FÒTHVGP FKG FKG /G FCKNNG GTJCNVGP JCDGP MÌPPVGP 8IN $;1 5 H

89


SLG. BEYREISS - OLDENBURG

237 (1:1)

236 (1:1)

'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG CP FGP (GNF\WI $TQP\G OKV 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT 5KIPCVWT 4 -¤$'. OKV CNVGO 1TKIKPCNDCPF $9- $;1 HH #DD WPF IGPCW FKGUGU 'ZGORNCT 1'- ++ )GUVKHVGV CO 5GRVGODGT XQP )TQ­JGT\QI 0KEQNCWU (TKGFTKEJ 2GVGT ++ TGI UGKV WO LGFGO 'KP\GNPGP 6TWRRGPEQTRU YGNEJGU Y·JTGPF UGKPGT 6GKNPCJOG CP FGO PWPOGJT DGGPFGVGP TWJOTGKEJGP (GNF \WIG UQYQJN FWTEJ UGKP DTCXGU $GPGJOGP IGIGP FGP (GKPF YKG FWTEJ FKG WPVGT CNNGP 7OUV·PFGP DGYKGUGPG IWVG (ÒJTWPI FGO 1NFGPDWTIGT 0COGP XQP 0GWGO 'JTG WPF #EJVWPI GTYQTDGP GKP DNGKDGPFGU 'TKPPGTWPIU\GKEJGP /GKPGT DGUQPFGTGP <WHTKGFGPJGKV WPF #PGTMGPPWPI \W IGDGP 5VKHVWPIUWTMWPFG &GT 5VGORGN HÒT FKG /GFCKNNG YWTFG XQP FGO /GFCKNNGWT 4WFQNRJ -ÌNDGN KP 1NFGPDWTI IGUEJPKVVGP &KG 2T·IWPI GTHQNIVG FWTEJ FKG $GTNKPGT /GFCKNNGP /ÒP\G . 1UVGTOCPP XQTOCNU ) .QQU &CU QNFGPDWTIKUEJG /KNKV·T MQOOCPFQ GTJKGNV /GFCKNNGP IGNKGHGTV YQXQP \WT 8GTNGKJWPI IGNCPIVGP 'U IKDV PKEJV QHHK\KGNNG 2T·IWPIGP OKV 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT <GKEJGP & WPF UQNEJG ICP\ QJPG 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT 5KI PCVWT 8IN $;1 5 HH WPF -NKG 'TPUV &GT /GFCKNNGWT 4WFQNRJ -ÌNDGN WPF UGKP /GFCKNNGPUEJCHHGP HÒT 1NFGPDWTI +P 1/( 5 0T

'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG 5KNDGT I OKV $CPFTKPI OKV 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT 5KIPCVWT 4 -¤.$'. QJPG $CPF $9- $;1 1'- 444 ++ 8QP UGJT ITQ­GT 5GNVGPJGKV )GUVKHVGV CO /CK XQP )TQ­JGT\QI 0KEQNCWU (TKGFTKEJ 2GVGT ++ TGI UGKV HÒT FCU <KXKN RGTUQPCN UGKPGU 5VCDGU \WO #PFGPMGP CP KJTGP #WHGPVJCNV KP WPUGTGO *CWRVSWCTVKGT 5VKHVWPIUXGTHÒIWPI &GT 5VGORGN HÒT FKG /GFCKNNG YWTFG XQP FGO /GFCKNNGWT 4WFQNRJ -ÌNDGN KP 1NFGPDWTI IGUEJPKVVGP &KG 2T·IWPI GTHQNIVG FWTEJ FKG $GTNKPGT /GFCKNNGP /ÒP\G . 1UVGTOCPP FKG 'ZGORNCTG PCEJ 1NFGPDWTI NKGHGTVG YQXQP 5VÒEM XGTNKGJGP YWTFGP 5VÒEM IGNCPIVGP CP FKG ITQ­JGT\QINKEJG /ÒP\ WPF /GFCKNNGPUCOONWPI WPF GKP 'ZGORNCT YWTFG CP FGP 5COONGT *ÌJP 2QNK\GKTCV KP 9KGUDCFGP CDIGIGDGP ªDGT FGP 8GTDNGKD FGT YGKVGTGP CEJV 'ZGORNCTG KUV PKEJVU DGMCPPV 8IN $;1 5 WPF -NKG 'TPUV &GT /GFCKNNGWT 4WFQNRJ -ÌNDGN WPF UGKP /GFCKNNGPUEJCHHGP HÒT 1NFGPDWTI +P 1/( 5 0T

238 (1:1)

8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ HÒT #WHQRHGTWPI WPF 2HNKEJVVTGWG $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV VNY GOCKNNKGTV 'OCKNNGOCNG TGK OKV PGWGO XGTUEJOWV\VGP $CPF KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK $9- $;1 1'- ++ )GUVKHVGV CO ,WPK XQP )TQ­JGT\QI 0KEQNCWU (TKGFTKEJ 2GVGT ++ TGI UGKV HÒT 2GTUQPGP YGNEJG UKEJ Y·JTGPF FGU -TKGIGU IGIGP (TCPMTGKEJ KO )TQ­JGT\QIVWO 1NFGPDWTI FWTEJ HTGKYKNNKIG 6·VKIMGKV HÒT FWTEJ FGP -TKGI XGTCPNC­VG <YGEMG CWUIG\GKEJPGV QFGT FWTEJ DGUQPFGTG 6TGWG FKGPUVNKEJG 2HNKEJVGTHÒNNWPI KP FKGUGT 4KEJVWPI #PURTWEJ CWH #PGTMGPPWPI GTYQTDGP JCDGP 5VKHVWPIUXGTQTFPWPI +O ,CJTG NKGHGTVG FKG (KTOC )GQTI -PCWGT KP *CPPQXGT -TGW\G YQXQP DKU GKPUEJNKG­NKEJ FGT 0CEJ XGTNGKJWPIGP KPUIGUCOV 5VÒEM XGTNKGJGP YWTFGP

90

8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ HÒT #WHQRHGTWPI WPF 2HNKEJVVTGWG 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG HÒT FKG (TCW 1DGTUVCCVUCPYCNV 4ÒFGT KP 1NFGPDWTI FCVKGTV 1NFGPDWTI CO ,WPK OKV 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV FGU 1TFGPUMCP\NGTU -COOGTJGTT X 4ÌUUKPI FQRRGNV IGHCNVGV &C\W GKIGPJ·PFKIGT $TKGH FGU RTGW­KUEJGP )GUCPFVGP KP 1NFGPDWTI )WUVCX 2TKP\ \W ;UGPDWTI FCVKGTV 1NFGPDWTI CO 1MVQDGT FQRRGNV IGHCNVGV WPF GVYCU GKPIGTKUUGP ++


SLG. BEYREISS - OLDENBURG

240

241

(TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV -TGW\ -TGW\ + -NCUUG 'KUGP IGUEJY·T\V -QTTQUKQPUURWTGP CP 0CFGN $9- $;1 1'- ++ &CU \YGKMNCUUKIG 'JTGP\GKEJGP YWTFG CO 5GRVGODGT XQP )TQ­JGT\QI (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV TGI XQP DKU IGUVKHVGV HÒT 1HHK\KGTG 7PVGTQHHK\KGTG WPF /CPPUEJCHVGP UQYKG 2GTUQPGP FKG UKEJ KP FKGUGO -TKGIG JGTXQTTCIGPF CWUIG\GKEJPGV JCDGP #WEJ UQNEJG FKG FCJGKO Y·JTGPF FGU -TKGIGU DGUQPFGTU PWV\DTKP IGPF V·VKI IGYGUGP UKPF UQNNGP FCU -TGW\ GTJCNVGP 5VKHVWPIUWTMWPFG &KG + -NCUUG MQPPVG PWT PCEJ 'TYGTD FGT ++ -NCUUG XGTNKGJGP YGTFGP WPF YWTFG \WUCOOGP OKV FKGUGT IGVTCIGP 0CEJ #PICDGP XQP *GUUGPVJCN WPF 5EJTGKDGT KP *75 5 UVCOOV FGT 'PVYWTH HÒT FCU 'JTGP\GKEJGP XQO (NÒ IGNCFLWVCPVGP FGU )TQ­JGT\QIU 1DGTUV ,QTFCP 8QP DKU 'PFG NKGHGTVG FKG (KTOC $GTPJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI KPUIGUCOV 5VÒEM CP FKG 1TFGPUMCP\NGK \WP·EJUV KP 'KUGP CD 5GRVGODGT KP GKPGT /GVCNNNGIKG TWPI OKV GKPGO <WUCV\ CWU /GUUKPI QFGT -WRHGT $KU 'PFG YWTFGP 5VÒEM XGTNKGJGP UQ FC­ FKG #P\CJN FGT 5VÒEMG KP 'KUGP MPCRR FCTWPVGT NKGIGP FÒTHVG 'U UKPF CWEJ #WUHÒJTWPIGP KP IGUEJY·T\VGT $TQP\G WPF KP GKPGT IGUEJY·T\VGP <KPMNGIKGTWPI UQIGP -TKGIUOGVCNN DGMCPPV UQYKG UQIGP .WZWUCWUHÒJTWPIGP CWU IGUEJY·T\VGO 5KNDGT 8GTNGKJWPIGP FGT + -NCUUG UQNNGP DKU \WO ,CJTG GTHQNIV UGKP 8IN $;1 5 HH .CWV 1 %QPPQT KP ## 5 YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF \WUCOOGP EC 8GTNGKJWPIGP FGU (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV -TGW\GU + -NCUUG XQTIGPQOOGP

(TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV -TGW\ -TGW\ + -NCUUG 'KUGP IGUEJY·T\V CP 5EJTCWDG OKV )GIGPMTGW\ WPF 5EJTCWDUEJGKDG FKGUG OKV $G\GKEJPWPI & 4 ) / WPF *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G 2/ FGT (KTOC 2CWN /G[DCWGT KP $GTNKP $9- XCT $;1 1'- XCT 4 ++ 'U JCPFGNV UKEJ JKGTDGK WO GKPG UGNVGPG 0CEJHGTVKIWPI FGU DGFGWVGPFGP $GTNKPGT 1TFGPUHCDTKMCPVGP CWU FGP GT QFGT GT ,CJTGP HÒT +PJCDGT FGU -TGW\GU

(TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV -TGW\ 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG FGT /KNKV·T -CP\NGK FGU )TQ­JGT\QIU \WO -TGW\ + -NCUUG HÒT FGP *CWRVOCPP X F *GNNGP FCVKGTV 1NFGPDWTI CO /·T\ OKV 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV FGU 1DGTUV X ,QTFCP OKV JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJGT $GOGTMWPI ,QTFCPU CO 4CPF *GT\N )TW­ , OGJTHCEJ IGHCNVGV OKP GKPIGTKUUGP ++ 1DGTUV X ,QTFCP (NÒIGNCFLWVCPV FGU )TQ­JGT\QIU JCV FCU (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV -TGW\ GPVYQTHGP &KG \YÌNHVGKNKIG (GNFUEJPCNNG FGU *CWRVOCPP X F *GNNGP DKGVGP YKT WPVGT -CV 0T CP

(TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV -TGW\ 6TCIGIGPGJOKIWPI FGT /KNKV·T -CP\NGK FGU )TQ­JGT\QIU \WO -TGW\ + -NCUUG HÒT FGP 2QNK\GKYCEJVOGKUVGT ) 5EJWOCEJGT KP 1NFGPDWTI FCVKGTV 1NFGPDWTI CO /·T\ OKV 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV FGU )GPGTCNOCLQTU C & X ,QTFCP GKPOCN IGHCNVGV 4 ++

244

245

(TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV -TGW\ -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG 'KUGP IGUEJY·T\V OKV MWT\GO CNVGP $CPFUVÒEM HÒT -·ORHGT $9- $;1 1'- ++ 8QP DKU 'PFG YWTFGP KPUIGUCOV 5VÒEM CP FKG 1TFGPUMCP\NGK IGNKGHGTV $KU 'PFG GTHQNIVGP 8GTNGKJWPIGP 0·JGTG #PICDGP MÌPPGP PKEJV IGOCEJV YGTFGP FC GKP )TQ­VGKN FGU #MVGPDGUVCPFGU KP FGP GT ,CJTGP CWH DGJÌTFNKEJG #PQTFPWPI XGTPKEJVGV YWTFG 8IN $;1 5 .CWV 1 %QPPQT KP ## 5 YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF \WUCOOGP EC 8GTNGKJWPIGP FGU (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV -TGW\GU ++ -NCUUG CO $CPF HÒT -·ORHGT XQTIGPQOOGP

(TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV -TGW\ -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG <KPMNGIKGTWPI IGUEJY·T\V UQIGP -TKGIUOGVCNN 5EJY·T\WPI VNY DGTKGDGP QJPG $CPF OKV QTKIKPCNGT 8GTNGKJWPIUVÒVG FGT (KTOC $GTPJ -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI IGPCW FKGUG KP $;1 5 #DD WPF CDIGDKNFGV $9- $;1 1'- ++

91


SLG. BEYREISS - OLDENBURG

246

249

(TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV -TGW\ -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG 'KUGP IGUEJY·T\V OKV MWT\GO CNVGP $CPFUVÒEM HÒT -·ORHGT FKGUGU OKV $CPFURCPIG 814 &'/ ('+0&' 'KUGP QJPG 5EJY·T\WPI OKV -QTTQUKQPUURW TGP IGPCW FKG $CPFURCPIG KUV CDIGDKNFGV KP $;1 5 #DD $9- $;1 1'- ++ &KG $CPFURCPIG YWTFG CO 5GRVGODGT XQP )TQ­JGT\QI (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV TGI XQP DKU HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG KP FGT -CORHHTQPV 5VKHVWPIUXGTQTFPWPI IGUVKHVGV &KG 5RCPIG YWTFG XQO 5GRVGODGT DKU PCEJ XGTNKGJGP

(TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV -TGW\ -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG 'KUGP IGUEJY·T\V OKV MWT\GO CNVGP TQV DNCWGP $CPFUVÒEM HÒT 0KEJVM·ORHGT $9- $;1 1'- ++ .CWV 1 %QPPQT KP ## 5 YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF \WUCOOGP 8GTNGKJWPIGP FGU (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV -TGW\GU ++ -NCUUG CO TQV DNCWGP $CPF HÒT 0KEJVM·ORHGT XQTIGPQOOGP

(TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV -TGW\ 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG FGT /KNKV·T -CP\NGK FGU )TQ­JGT\QIU \WO -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG CO TQV DNCWGP $CPFG HÒT 0KEJVM·ORHGT HÒT FGP *QHICTVGPKPURGMVQT +OOGN FCVKGTV 1NFGP DWTI CO ,WPK OKV 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV FGU 1DGTUV X ,QTFCP FQRRGNV IGHCNVGV ++ (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV -TGW\ -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG 'KUGP IGUEJY·T\V OKP -QTTQUKQPUURWTGP CP QTKIK PCNGT CNVGT &COGPUEJNGKHG HÒT 0KEJVM·ORHGT $9- $;1 1'- 4 ++ +P FKGUGT 6TCIGYGKUG UGJT UGNVGP

250

251

(TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV -TGW\ -TGW\ HÒT 6TWRRGPHCJPGP &WTEJOGUUGT OO $WPVOGVCNN IG UEJY·T\V $9- $;1 1'- 44 ++ #DIGUGJGP XQO 1'- YQ FKGUGU -TGW\ GTY·JPV YKTF CNNGTFKPIU OKV FGT /CVGTKCNCPICDG 'KUGP IGUEJY·T\V WPF QJPG $GYGTVWPI KUV FKGUGU -TGW\ KP FGT GKPUEJN·IKIGP (CEJNKVGTCVWT WPDGMCPPV #WEJ 0CEJHQTUEJWPIGP WPUGTGTUGKVU HÒJTVGP \W MGKPGP YGKVGTGP 'TIGDPKUUGP

-TKGIUXGTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG 'KUGP IGUEJY·T\V -QTTQUKQPUURWTGP OKV QTKIKPCNGO CNVGP $CPFUVÒEM WPF 8GTNGKJWPIUVÒVG $9- $;1 1'- ++ )GUVKHVGV CO 0QXGODGT XQP )TQ­JGT\QI (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV TGI XQP DKU HÒT 5COONGTKPPGP WPF *GNHGTKPPGP FGT 8GTYWPFGVGP (ÒTUQTIG YGNEJG KPPGTJCND FGU )TQ­JGT\QIVWOU 1NFGPDWTI OKPFGUVGPU GKP ,CJT NCPI KO XCVGTN·PFKUEJGP +PVGTGUUG V·VKI IGYGUGP UKPF WPF FCU HÒPH\GJPVG .GDGPULCJT XQNNGPFGV JCDGP 5VKHVWPIUXGTHÒIWPI #D FGO /CK MQPPVG FKG /GFCKNNG CP (TCWGP WPF /·PPGT XGTNKGJGP YGTFGP FKG UKEJ KPPGTJCND FGU )TQ­JGT\QIVWOU 1NFGPDWTI CWH FGO )GDKGV FGT -TKGIUYKTVUEJCHV DGUQPFGTU DGY·JTV WPF CWUIG\GKEJPGV JCDGP PFGTWPIUXGTQTFPWPI &KG /GFCKNNG YWTFG XQP 4KEJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI GPVYQTHGP FKGUGT UEJPKVV CWEJ FKG 5VGORGN &KG .KGHGTWPI XQP 5VÒEM GTHQNIVG CO ,WNK FWTEJ FKG (KTOC $GTPJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI FGTGP +PJCDGT 4KEJCTF -PCWGT UGKV FGO ,CJTG YCT 5KG YWTFG DKU PCEJ XGTNKGJGP #PICDGP ÒDGT 8GTNGKJWPIU\CJNGP MÌPPGP NGKFGT PKEJV IGOCEJV YGTFGP FC GKP )TQ­VGKN FGU #MVGPDGUVCPFGU KP FGP GT ,CJTGP CWH DGJÌTFNKEJG #PQTFPWPI XGTPKEJVGV YWTFG 8IN $;1 5 H WPF -NKG 'TPUV &GT )QNFUEJOKGF WPF /GFCKNNGWT 4KEJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI +P 1/( 5 0T

92


SLG. BEYREISS - OLDENBURG

252

253

255

-TKGIUXGTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG 'KUGP IGUEJY·T\V -QTTQUKQPUURWTGP CP QTKIKPCNGT CNVGT ITÌ­GTGT &COGP UEJNGKHG FKG /GFCKNNG IGNÌUV WPF CP FGT 0CFGN DGHGUVKIV $9- $;1 1'- ++

-TKGIUXGTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG 'KUGP IGUEJY·T\V -QTTQUKQPUURWTGP CP QTKIKPCNGT CNVGT ITÌ­GTGT &COGP UEJNGKHG $9- $;1 1'- ++

-TKGIUXGTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG HÒT /CTVJC .CPIG FCVKGTV 1NFGPDWTI CO 0QXGODGT OKV 7PVGTUEJTKHV IGHCNVGV GVYCU GKPIGTKUUGP /KV 4GRTQ GKPGU 2JQVQU FGT 6T·IGTKP ++ /CTVJC %CVJCTKPG .CPIG CWU 'V\JQTP YWTFG CO #WIWUV KP )GXGUJCWUGP &ÌNNKPIGP IGDQTGP WPF UVCTD CNU XGTJ / % #JNGTU CO 1MVQDGT KP 9GUVGTUVGFG

&KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPIU -TGW\ &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPIU -TGW\ KP 5KNDGT HÒT &KGPUVLCJTG XQO (GNFYGDGN CDY·TVU 5KNDGT OKV MWT\GO QTKIKPCNGO CNVGP $CPFUVÒEM $9- $;1 1'- 4 ++ &KG \YGKUVWHKIG )QNF WPF 5KNDGT &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI YWTFG XQP )TQ­JGT\QI 2CWN (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV + TGI UGKV CO &G\GODGT IGUVKHVGV CO ,CJTGUVCI FGU #WHTWHGU \WT CNNIGOGKPGP .CPFDGYCHH PWPI HÒT /KNKV·TU CNNGT )TCFG FKG FGO 8CVGTNCPFG ,CJTG VTGW IGFKGPV JCDGP 5VKHVWPIUVGZV #P 1HHK\KGTG YWTFG UKG KP )QNF XGTNKGJGP CP 7PVGTQHHK\KGTG WPF /CPPUEJCHV KP 5KNDGT &CU -TGW\ HÒT 1HHK\KGTG YWTFG XQP DKU KPUIGUCOV /CN XGTNKGJGP 0CEJ FGO #DUEJNW­ FGT /KNKV·TMQP XGPVKQP OKV FGO -ÌPKITGKEJ 2TGW­GP CO ,WNK YWTFG FKG 8GTNGKJWPI FGU -TGW\GU CP 1HHK\KGTG GKPIGUVGNNV FC FKGUG PWPOGJT FCU RTGW­KUEJG 1HHK\KGTU &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPIU -TGW\ GTJKGNVGP 8QP DKU YWTFGP KPUIGUCOV 5KNDGTPG -TGW\G CP 7PVGTQHHK\KGTG WPF /CPPUEJCHVGP XGTNKGJGP 0CEJ #DUEJNW­ FGT /KNKV·TMQPXGPVKQP GTHQNIVGP XQP DKU YGKVGTG 8GTNGKJWPIGP CP )GPFCTOGP WPF .CPFFTCIQPGT FKG PKEJV FGP QNFGPDWTIKUEJGP 6TWRRGPVGKNGP FGT RTGW­KUEJGP #TOGG CPIGJÌTVGP &C FKG &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPIU -TGW\G UVTGPI TÒEMICDGRHNKEJVKI YCTGP FÒTHVG FKG #P\CJN FGT VCVU·EJNKEJ JGTIGUVGNNVGP 'ZGORNCTG FGWVNKEJ WPVGT FGP 8GTNGKJWPIU\CJNGP NKGIGP

256

257

258

&KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI + -NCUUG HÒT &KGPUVLCJTG XGTIQNFGV CWH $CPFUEJPCNNG OKP VKGTV CP 0CFGN $9- $;1 #DD WPF IGPCW FKGUGU 'ZGORNCT 1'- ++ &KG 5VKHVWPI FGT FTGKMNCUUKIGP + ++ WPF +++ -NCUUG &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI GTHQNIVG CO &G\GODGT FWTEJ )TQ­JGT\QI 2CWN (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV + TGI UGKV HÒT /KNKV·TRGTUQPGP WPVGTJCND FGU 1HHK\KGTUTCPIGU &KG + -NCUUG HÒT &KGPUVLCJTG YWTFG XQP DKU KPUIGUCOV /CN XGTNKGJGP WPF XQP PCEJ #D UEJNW­ FGT QNFGPDWTIKUEJ RTGW­KUEJGP /KNKV·TMQPXGPVKQP DKU FCPP /CN CP )GPFCTOGP WPF .CPFFTCIQPGT CNUQ \WUCOOGPIGPQOOGP /CN &C CWEJ FKGUG 5EJPCNNGP UVTGPI TÒEMICDGRHNKEJVKI YCTGP FÒTHVG FKG #P\CJN FGT VCVU·EJNKEJ JGTIGUVGNNVGP 'ZGORNCTG FGWVNKEJ WPVGT FGP 8GTNGKJWPIU\CJNGP NKGIGP

&KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI ++ -NCUUG HÒT &KGPUVLCJTG 5KNDGT CWH $CPFUEJPCNNG OQP VKGTV CP 0CFGN $9- $;1 #DD WPF IGPCW FKGUGU 'ZGORNCT 1'- ++ &KG ++ -NCUUG HÒT &KGPUVLCJTG YWTFG XQP DKU KPUIGUCOV /CN XGTNKGJGP WPF XQP DKU /CN CP )GPFCTOGP WPF .CPFFTCIQPGT CNUQ \WUCOOGPIGPQOOGP /CN &C CWEJ FKGUG 5EJPCNNGP UVTGPI TÒEMIC DGRHNKEJVKI YCTGP FÒTHVG FKG #P\CJN FGT VCVU·EJNKEJ JGTIGUVGNNVGP 'ZGORNCTG FGWVNKEJ WPVGT FGP 8GTNGKJWPIU\CJNGP NKGIGP

&KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI +++ -NCUUG HÒT &KGPUVLCJTG 'KUGP IGUEJY·T\V OKV 5KNDGT TCJOGP CWH $CPFUEJPCNNG OQPVKGTV 0CFGN CDIGDTQEJGP $9- $;1 #DD WPF IGPCW FKGUGU 'ZGORNCT 1'- +++ &KG +++ -NCUUG HÒT &KGPUVLCJTG YWTFG XQP DKU KPUIGUCOV /CN XGTNKGJGP WPF XQP DKU /CN CP )GPFCTOGP WPF .CPFFTCIQPGT CNUQ \WUCOOGP IGPQOOGP /CN &C CWEJ FKGUG 5EJPCNNGP UVTGPI TÒEMICDG RHNKEJVKI YCTGP FÒTHVG FKG #P\CJN FGT VCVU·EJNKEJ JGTIGUVGNNVGP 'ZGORNCTG FGWVNKEJ WPVGT FGP 8GTNGKJWPIU\CJNGP NKGIGP

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SLG. BEYREISS - OLDENBURG

259 (1:1)

)GPFCTOGTKG &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI -TGW\ HÃ’T &KGPUVLCJTG -WRHGT OKV CNVGO $CPFCDUEJPKVV $9- $;1 #DD WPF IGPCW FKGUGU 'ZGORNCT 1'- 44 &WTEJ 8GTHÃ’IWPI XQP )TQ­JGT\QI (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV TGI XQP DKU XQO #WIWUV YWTFG FCU FTGKUVWHKIG 'JTGP\GKEJGP GKPIGHÃ’JTV CP 5VGNNG FGT DKUJGT IGDT·WEJNKEJGP 5EJPCNNGP &GT 'PVYWTH FGU -TGW\GU WPF FGT /GFCKNNGP UVCOOV XQP 4KEJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI UGKPG (KTOC $GTPJCTF -PCWGT NKGHGTVG FKG &GMQTCVKQPGP CP FKG 1TFGPUMCP\NGK 8QP FGT &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI HÃ’T &KGPUVLCJTG YWTFGP 'ZGORNCTG IGNKGHGTV YQXQP DKU PWT 5VÃ’EM XGT NKGJGP YWTFGP 'KP -TGW\ YWTFG CP FCU $QOCPP /WUGWO KP %GNNG IGIGDGP Ã’DGT FGP 8GTDNGKD FGT TGUVNKEJGP 'ZGORNCTG KUV PKEJVU DGMCPPV 8IN $;1 5 HH WPF -NKG 'TPUV &GT )QNFUEJOKGF WPF /GFCKNNGWT 4KEJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI +P 1/( 5 H 0T

260 (1:1)

)GPFCTOGTKG &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI /GFCKNNG HÃ’T &KGPUVLCJTG #TIGPVCP QJPG $CPF $9- $;1 #DD WPF IGPCW FKGUGU 'ZGORNCT 1'- 4 ++ 8QP FGT &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI HÃ’T &KGPUVLCJTG YWTFGP 'ZGORNCTG IGNKGHGTV YQXQP DKU PWT 5VÃ’EM XGTNKG JGP YWTFGP 'KPG /GFCKNNG YWTFG CP FCU $QOCPP /WUGWO KP %GNNG IGIGDGP Ã’DGT FGP 8GTDNGKD FGT TGUVNKEJGP 'ZGORNCTG KUV PKEJVU DGMCPPV 8IN $;1 5 HH WPF -NKG 'TPUV &GT )QNFUEJOKGF WPF /GFCKNNGWT 4KEJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI +P 1/( 5 HH 0T

261 (1:1)

-TKGIGTXGTGKPU 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ HÃ’T 2GTUQPGP 5KNDGT CO UR·VGTGP $CPF $9- $;1 #DD WPF IGPCW FKGUGU 'ZGORNCT 1'- ++ )GUVKHVGV CO #WIWUV XQP )TQ­JGT\QI (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV TGI XQP DKU HÃ’T UQNEJG 2GTUQPGP FKG UKEJ JGTXQTTCIGPFG 8GTFKGPUVG WO QNFGPDWTIKUEJG -TKGIGTXGTGKPG GTYQTDGP JCDGP 5VCCVUMCNGPFGT HÃ’T &KG 8GTNGKJWPI FGU -TGW\GU GTHQNIVG CWH 8QTUEJNCI FGU 8QTUKV\GPFGP FGU QNFGPDWTIKUEJGP .CPFGUMTKGIGTXGT DCPFGU FWTEJ FKG /KNKV·TMCP\NGK $KUJGT IKDV GU MGKPGTNGK *KPYGKUG FCTCWH YGT FCU -TGW\ GPVYQTHGP YGT GU JGTIG UVGNNV QFGT YGT GU IGNKGHGTV JCV $G[TGK­ IKDV GKPG 8GTNGKJWPIU\CJN XQP WPVGT 5VÃ’EM CP 8IN $;1 5 WPF -NKG 'TPUV &GT )QNFUEJOKGF WPF /GFCKNNGWT 4KEJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI +P 1/( 5 0T

94


SLG. BEYREISS - OLDENBURG

262 1:2

-TKGIGTXGTGKPU 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ HÒT (CJPGP 9GK­OGVCNN XGTUKNDGTV CP FGT QTKIKPCNGP 6TCIGURCPIG OKV $CPFUEJNGKHG $9- $;1 1'- 44 ++ 8QP ITQ­GT 5GNVGPJGKV )GUVKHVGV CO #WIWUV XQP )TQ­JGT\QI (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV TGI XQP DKU HÒT FKG (CJPGP FGTLGPKIGP -TKGIGTXGTGKPG FKG FKGUG OKV $GHWIPKU FGU )TQ­JGT\QIU HÒJTVGP KP #PGTMGPPWPI GKPGT NCPIL·JTKIGP XQT\ÒINKEJGP RCVTKQVKUEJGP *CNVWPI 8GTNGKJWPIUDGUVKOOWPIGP 8GTNKGJGP XQO ,WPK DKU $KUJGT IKDV GU MGKPGTNGK *KPYGKUG FCTCWH YGT FCU -TGW\ GPVYQTHGP YGT GU JGTIGUVGNNV QFGT YGT GU IGNKGHGTV JCV $G[TGK­ IKDV GKPG 8GTNGKJWPIU\CJN XQP WPVGT 5VÒEM CP ICD GU KO *GT\QIVWO 1NFGPDWTI -TKGIGTXGTGKPG KO (ÒTUVGPVWO .ÒDGEM FTGK WPF KO (ÒTUVGPVWO $KTMGPHGNF 8IN $;1 5 WPF -NKG 'TPUV &GT )QNF UEJOKGF WPF /GFCKNNGWT 4KEJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI +P 1/( 5 0T

263 1:1,5

)TQ­G MTCWUG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG FGU 1DGTUV *GKPTKEJ 5GNMOCPP OKV #WU\GKEJPWPIGP WPF 6GKNGP FGU &QMWOGPVGP 0CEJNCUUGU 2TGW­GP 'KUGTPGU -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG 2TGW­GP -ÌPKINKEJGT *CWUQTFGP XQP *QJGP\QNNGTP 4KVVGTMTGW\ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV CWH FGO 4CPF FGU WPVGTGP -TGW\CTOU 4KV\OCTMG 9 FGT (KTOC 9CIPGT KP $GTNKP WPF 5KNDGTRWP\G 2TGW­GP 4QVGT #FNGT 1TFGP /QFGNN -TGW\ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP 5KNDGT FKG 5EJYGTVGT )QNF

XGTNÌVGV 1NFGPDWTI *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI 4KVVGTMTGW\ ++ -NCUUG OKV FGT UKNDGTPGP -TQPG WPF OKV 5EJYGTVGTP 1NFGPDWTI (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG OKV $CPFURCPIG 814 &'/ ('+0&' &GWVUEJGU 4GKEJ 'JTGPMTGW\ FGU 9GNVMTKGIGU HÒT (TQPVM·ORHGT 2TGW­GP 1HHK\KGTU &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI HÒT &KGPUVLCJTG $CFGP 1TFGP XQO <·JTKPIGT .ÌYGP 4KVVGTMTGW\ ++ -NCUUG OKV 'KEJGPNCWD 5KNDGT FCU 'KEJGPNCWD )QNF &GWVUEJGU 4GKEJ 5ÒFYGUVCHTKMC &GPMOÒP\G HÒT -·ORHGT OKV )GHGEJVUURCPIGP *'4'41.#0& WPF )4155 0#/#.#0& NGV\VGTG GVYCU MQTTQFKGTV 2TGW­GP <GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG ¤UVGTTGKEJ /KNKV·TXGT FKGPUVMTGW\ +++ -NCUUG OKV FGT -TKGIUFGMQTCVKQP #WH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG UEJYCT\GU #DFGEMVWEJ CP 0CFGN &C\W HQNIGPFG &QMWOGPVG C /GEMNGPDWTI 5EJYGTKP 2CVGPV \WO 2QTVGRGG 1HHK\KGT FCVKGTV 5EJYGTKP CO OKV ITQ­GO 2CRKGTUKGIGN WPF 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV XQP )TQ­JGT\QI (TKGFTKEJ (TCP\ +++ D 6GNGITCOO DG\ÒINKEJ FGT 8GTNGKJWPI XQP FCVKGTV E 5EJWV\VTWRRGP 6TCIG )GPGJOK IWPI \W FCVKGTV F 5EJWV\VTWRRGP ªDGTUGPFWPIUUEJTGKDGP \WT 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG XQP FCVKGTV G 5EJWV\VTWRRGP ªDGTUGPFWPIIUEJTGKDGP \WT 5ÒFYGUVCHTKMC &GPMOÒP\G FCVKGTV H 2TGW­GP $GUKV\\GWIPKU \WO &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPIU -TGW\ FCVKGTV I 2TGW­GP 2CVGPV \WO *CWRVOCPP FCVKGTV -CKUGTU )GDWTVUVCI OKV ITQ­GO 2T·IGUKGIGN WPF 1TKIKPCN WPVGTUEJTKHV 9KNJGNOU ++ J ¤UVGTTGKEJ 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG \W FCVKGTV CO K 2TGW­GP #DUEJTKHV FGT 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG \W FCVKGTV &KG 7TMWPFGP OGKUV GKP QFGT OGJTHCEJ IGHCNVGV LGFQEJ KP IWVGO <WUVCPF ++ 5GJT UEJÌPG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG GKPGU #TVKNNGTKG 1HHK\KGTU FGT 5EJWV\VTWRRG KP &GWVUEJ 5ÒFYGUVCHTKMC FGT UR·VGT KO $CFKUEJGP (GNFCTVKNNGTKG 4GIKOGPV )TQ­JGT\QI 0T FKGPVG WPF Y·JTGPF FGU 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIU CNU /CLQT FCU (GNFCTVKNNGTKG 4GIKOGPV WPF CNU 1DGTUVNGWVPCPV FCU (GNFCTVKNNGTKG 4GIKOGPV MQOOCPFKGTVG #O &G\GO DGT YWTFG KJO XQP )TQ­JGT\QI (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV XQP 1NFGPDWTI FCU 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP FGU *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUVQTFGPU FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI XGTNKGJGP &KG 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG JKGT\W DKGVGP YKT WPVGT -CV 0T CP &KG (GNFUEJPCNNG XQP 1DGTUV 5GNMOCPP YKTF WPVGT FGT HQNIGPFGP -CV 0T CPIGDQVGP 95


SLG. BEYREISS - OLDENBURG

264

(GNFUEJPCNNG XQP 1DGTUV *GKPTKEJ 5GNMOCPP OKV XQP WTURTÒPINKEJ $·PFGTP XQP #WU\GKEJPWP IGP &KG (GNFUEJPCNNG YGKUV FKG $·PFGT XQP PGWP FGT #WU\GKEJPWPIGP FGT ITQ­GP 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG 5GNM OCPPU CWH FKG YKT WPVGT FGT XQTJGTIGJGPFGP -CV 0T CPDKGVGP LGFQEJ KP VNY GVYCU CPFGTGT #PQTF PWPI 'U HGJNV FCU $·PFEJGP FGU 4KVVGTMTGW\GU FGU MÌPKINKEJGP *CWUQTFGPU XQP *QJGP\QNNGTP OKV UGKPGT #WHNCIG CP FGT \YGKVGP 5VGNNG FGT (GNFUEJPCNNG #P PGWPVGT 5VGNNG DGHKPFGV UKEJ JKGT GKP YGK­GU $·PFEJGP OKV TQVGP 5GKVGPUVTGKHGP &KGUGU JCNVGP YKT CWHITWPF UGKPGT 2QUKVKQP XQT FGO ÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJGP /KNKV·T XGTFKGPUVMTGW\ +++ -NCUUG HÒT FCU $·PFEJGP FGU 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\GU FGU ÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJGP 'JTGP\GKEJGPU XQO 4QVGP -TGW\ #P NGV\VGT 5VGNNG DGHKPFGV UKEJ FCU $·PFEJGP FGT QUOCPKUEJGP -TKGIUOGFCKNNG FGU UQIGP 'KUGTPGP *CNDOQPFGU /KV TÒEMUGKVKIGO #DFGEMVWEJ CP 0CFGN

++

265 1:2

)TQ­G MTCWUG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG GKPGU YÒTVVGODGTIKUEJGP 1HHK\KGTU YQJN GKPGU /KNKV·T #T\VGU OKV XQP WTURTÒPINKEJ #WU\GKEJPWPIGP 2TGW­GP 'KUGTPGU -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG CO $CPF HÒT 0KEJVM·ORHGT 9ÒTVVGODGTI (TKGFTKEJU 1TFGP 4KVVGTMTGW\ + -NCUUG )QNF 9ÒTVVGODGTI %JCT NQVVGPMTGW\ 2TGW­GP -TQPGPQTFGP /QFGNN CD -TGW\ +++ -NCUUG 5KNDGT IGRTÒHV XGTIQN FGV KO <[NKPFGT *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G ,)W5 FGT (KTOC )QFGV KP $GTNKP UQPUV MGKPG YGKVGTG 2WP\KGTWPI GTUKEJVNKEJ CP FGP 8GTDKPFWPIUUVGNNGP XQP -TGW\CTOGP \WO <[NKPFGT )TÒPURCP 5RWTGP 2TGW­GP 4QVGT #FNGT 1TFGP /QFGNN -TGW\ +8 -NCUUG OKV IGMÌTPVGP -TGW\CTO (GNFGTP 2TGW­GP 4QVG -TGW\ /GFCKNNG +++ -NCUUG $WPVOGVCNN 2TGW­GP 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ HÒT -TKGIUJKNHG <KPM 2TGW­GP 4QVG -TGW\ /GFCKNNG ++ -NCUUG 5KNDGT $C[GTP -ÌPKI .WFYKI -TGW\ $CFGP -TGW\ HÒT HTGKYKNNKIG -TKGIUJKNHG <KPM NGGTGU XKQNGVVGU $CPF YQJN HÒT 4GW­ 1NFGPDWTI *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI 4KVVGTMTGW\ + -NCUUG 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV 1NFGPDWTI (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG 'KUGP CO TQV DNCWGP $CPF HÒT 0KEJVM·ORHGT 'KP $CPF OKP \GTUEJNKUUGP CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG TQVGU #DFGEMVWEJ CP 0CFGN ++

266

(GNFUEJPCNNG FGU *CWRVOCPP X F *GNNGP OKV #WU\GKEJPWPIUD·PFEJGP 2TGW­GP 'KUGTPGU -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG 2TGW­GP -ÌPKINKEJGT *CWUQTFGP XQP *QJGP\QNNGTP 4KVVGTMTGW\ OKV 5EJYGT VGTP 1NFGPDWTI *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI 4KVVGTMTGW\ ++ -NCUUG OKV FGT UKNDGTPGP -TQPG WPF OKV 5EJYGTVGTP 1NFGPDWTI (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG OKV $CPFURCPIG 814 &'/ ('+0&' $C[GTP /KNKV·T 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP

CO NCWV 4QVJ KP 5# 5 5CEJUGP #NDTGEJVUQTFGP 4KVVGTMTGW\ + -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CO NCWV 4QVJ KP 5# 5 $TCWPUEJYGKI -TKGIUXGTFKGPUVMTGW\ ++ -NCUUG .KRRG -TKGIUXGTFKGPUVMTGW\ &GWVUEJGU 4GKEJ 'JTGPMTGW\ FGU 9GNVMTKGIGU HÒT (TQPVM·ORHGT 2TGW­GP -TQPGP 1TFGP -NCUUG 2TGW­GP &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI HÒT 1HHK\KGTG 1NFGPDWTI *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI 4KVVGTMTGW\ ++ -NCUUG /KV TÒEMUGKVKIGO JGNNITÒPGP #DFGEMVWEJ CP 0CFGN ++ $GK FGP $·PFEJGP FGU DC[GTKUEJGP /KNKV·T 8GTFKGPUVQTFGPU -NCUUG IQNFHCTDGPG 5EJYGTVGT WPF FGU 4KVVGTMTGW\GU + -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP FGU U·EJUKUEJGP #NDTGEJVUQTFGPU UKNDGTHCTDGPG 5EJYGTVGT UKPF DGK FGT /QPVKGTWPI FKG 5EJYGTVGTCWHNCIGP OKVGKPCPFGT XGTVCWUEJV YQTFGP $GK $G[TGK­ KP $;1 5 #DD KUV GKPG 2JQVQITCRJKG X F *GNNGPU \W UGJGP CWH FGT GT FKG \W FKGUGT (GNFUEJPCNNG IGJÌTGPFG ITQ­G 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG VT·IV LGFQEJ QJPG 'JTGP MTGW\ FGU 9GNVMTKGIGU HÒT (TQPVM·ORHGT WPF QJPG FCU RTGW­KUEJG 1HHK\KGTU &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPIU -TGW\ &KG 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG \WO (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV -TGW\ + -NCUUG HÒT *CWRVOCPP X F *GNNGP DKGVGP YKT WPVGT -CV 0T CP

96


SLG. BEYREISS - OLDENBURG

267 (1:2)

)TQ­G MTCWUG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG FGU )GPGTCNOCLQTU 9KNJGNO %QP\G OKV CEJV #WU\GKEJ PWPIGP 2TGW­GP 'KUGTPGU -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG 2TGW­GP -ÌPKINKEJGT *CWUQTFGP XQP *QJGP \QNNGTP 4KVVGTMTGW\ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV CWH FGO 4CPF FGU WPVGTGP -TGW\CTOU *GTUVGNNGT RWP\G (4 FGT (KTOC (TKGFN·PFGT KP $GTNKP WPF 5KNDGTRWP\G 1NFGPDWTI *CWU WPF 8GT FKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI 4KVVGTMTGW\ ++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP 1NFGPDWTI (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG CO $CPF HÒT -·ORHGT ¤UVGTTGKEJ /KNKV·T 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ +++ -NCUUG OKV FGT -TKGIUFGMQTCVKQP &GWVUEJGU 4GKEJ 'JTGPMTGW\ FGU 9GNVMTKGIGU HÒT (TQPV M·ORHGT &GWVUEJGU 4GKEJ 9GJTOCEJVU &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI FGU *GGTGU QFGT FGT /CTKPG -NCUUG HÒT &KGPUVLCJTG &KVQ -NCUUG HÒT &KGPUVLCJTG #WH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FWPMGNITÒPG (KN\CDFGEMWPI CP 0CFGN #PIGDQVGP \WUCOOGP OKV GKPGO 4GRTQ GKPGU 2JQVQU FGU 6T·IGTU WPF CWUHÒJTNKEJG .CWHDCJPÒDGTUKEJV KP GPINKUEJGT 5RTCEJG OKV FGWVUEJGT ªDGTUGV\WPI ++ 9KNJGNO %QP\G YWTFG CO (GDTWCT KP 5EJÌPGPOQQT DGK &GNOGPJQTUV IGDQTGP VTCV GT CNU (CJPGPLWP MGT )GHTGKVGT KP FCU +PHCPVGTKG 4GIKOGPV GKP +O INGKEJGP ,CJT (CJPGPLWPMGT 7PVGTQHHK\KGT YWTFG GT (·JPTKEJ WPF .GWVPCPV #O ,WNK GTJKGNV GT FCU 4KVVGTMTGW\ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP FGU -ÌPKINKEJGP *CWUQTFGPU XQP *QJGP\QNNGTP 8QP DKU HTCP\ÌUKUEJG -TKGIUIGHCPIGPUEJCHV 0CEJ UGKPGT (TGKNCUUWPI .GWVPCPV KP FGT 4GKEJUYGJT 1DGTNGWVPCPV *CWRVOCPP /CLQT 1DGTUVNGWVPCPV -QOOCPFGWT FGU WPF UR·VGT FGU 2CP\GT 4GIKOGPVU 1DGTUV )GPGTCNOCLQT WPF 8GTUGV\WPI KP FGP 4WJGUVCPF 0GDGP FGP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP CWH UGKPGT ITQ­GP 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG YCT GT CWEJ PQEJ +PJCDGT HQNIGPFGT YGKVGTGT #WU\GKEJPWP IGP 2TGW­GP 'KUGTPGU -TGW\ + -NCUUG 1NFGPDWTI (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV -TGW\ + -NCUUG 2TGW­GP 5KNDGTPGU 8GTYWP FGVGPCD\GKEJGP &KG 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG \W %QP\GU 4KVVGTMTGW\ ++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP FGU QNFGPDWTIKUEJGP *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGPU FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI DKGVGP YKT WPVGT -CV 0T CP

268 (1:2)

)TQ­G MTCWUG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG FGU 5QNFCVGP QFGT 7PVGTQHHK\KGTU 6KORG OKV UGEJU #WU\GKEJPWPIGP 2TGW­GP 'KUGTPGU -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG OKV 'KEJGPNCWDURCPIG 1NFGPDWTI *CWU WPF 8GT FKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI #NNIGOGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP + -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CO 4KPI D\Y 'JTGPMTGW\ + -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CO 4KPI #WUHÒJTWPI $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV &KVQ #NNIGOGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP +++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP #WUHÒJTWPI OKV UQIGP RTGW­KUEJGP 5EJYGTVGTP 'KUGP 2TGW­GP -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G HÒT -QODCVVCPVGP OKV 4CPFRT·IWPI OKV UKGDGP )GHGEJVUURCPIGP 8+108+..' /#45 .# 6174 )4#8'.166' 56 24+8#6 /'6< $'#70' .# 41.#0&' 14. #05 $'#7)'0%; %4#8#06 WPF .' /#05 2TGW ­GP <GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG 2TGW­GP &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI HÒT PGWP &KGPUVLCJTG /QFGNN DKU OKV CPJ·PIGPFGT YGKVGTGT -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G HÒT -QODCVVCPVGP OKV 4CPFRT·IWPI #WH FGT 4ÒEM UGKVG TQVGU #DFGEMVWEJ CP 0CFGN ++ 'KPFTWEMUXQNNG 5EJPCNNG GKPGU QNFGPDWTIKUEJGP 8GVGTCPGP FGU &GWVUEJ (TCP\ÌUKUEJGP -TKGIGU XQP <WT 2TQDNGOCVKM FGT UQIGP RTGW­KUEJGP 5EJYGTVGT UKGJG WPUGTG FKGUDG\ÒINKEJG #POGTMWPI WPVGT -CV 0T .CWV -NKGVOCPP WPF 0GWDGEMGT KP -1. 5 YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV PWT #NNIGOGKPG 'JTGP\GKEJGP + -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CO 4KPI D\Y 'JTGPMTGW\G + -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CO 4KPI XGTNKGJGP XQP FGTGP +PJCDGTP PQEJ EC CO .GDGP YCTGP UQYKG #NNIGOGKPG 'JTGP\GKEJGP +++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP D\Y 'JTGPMTGW\G +++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP XQP FGTGP +PJCDGTP PQEJ EC CO .GDGP YCTGP

97


SLG. BEYREISS - OLDENBURG

269

)TQ­G MTCWUG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG GKPGU QNFGPDWTIKUEJGP 8GVGTCPGP FGT -TKGIG XQP WPF OKV UGEJU #WU\GKEJPWPIGP 1NFGPDWTI *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI #NNIGOGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP + -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CO 4KPI D\Y 'JTGPMTGW\ + -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CO 4KPI #WUHÒJTWPI &KVQ #NNIGOGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP +++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP #WUHÒJTWPI OKV UQIGP RTGW­KUEJGP 5EJYGTVGTP 1NFGPDWTI 'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG CP FGP (GNF\WI 2TGW­GP -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G HÒT -QODCVVCPVGP OKV 4CPFRT·IWPI 2TGW­GP 'TKP PGTWPIUMTGW\ &GT /CKP #TOGG 2TGW­GP <GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG 1JPG #DFGEMVWEJ CP 0CFGN ++ .CWV -NKGVOCPP WPF 0GWDGEMGT KP -1. 5 YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV PWT #NNIGOGKPG 'JTGP\GKEJGP + -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CO 4KPI D\Y 'JTGPMTGW\G + -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CO 4KPI XGTNKGJGP XQP FGTGP +PJCDGTP PQEJ EC CO .GDGP YCTGP UQYKG #NNIGOGKPG 'JTGP\GKEJGP +++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP D\Y 'JTGPMTGW\G +++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP XQP FGTGP +PJCDGTP PQEJ EC CO .GDGP YCTGP

270

)TQ­G MTCWUG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG GKPGU QNFGPDWTIKUEJGP 8GVGTCPGP FGT -TKGIG XQP WPF OKV UGEJU #WU\GKEJPWPIGP 2TGW­GP 'KUGTPGU -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG OKV 'KEJGPNCWDURCPIG 1NFGPDWTI *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI #NNIGOGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP ++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CO 4KPI D\Y 'JTGPMTGW\ ++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CO 4KPI #WUHÒJTWPI $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV 2TGW­GP -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G HÒT -QODCVVCPVGP OKV 4CPFRT·IWPI OKV XKGT )GHGEJVUURCPIGP $'#70' .# 41.#0&' /'6< 8+108+..' /#45 .# 6174 WPF )4#8'.166' 56 24+8#6 1NFGPDWTI *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI #NNIGOGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP +++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP #WUHÒJTWPI OKV UQIGP RTGW­KUEJGP 5EJYGTVGTP TGEJVGT -TGW\CTO CDIGDTQEJGP 1NFGPDWTI 'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG CP FGP (GNF\WI 2TGW­GP 'TKPPGTWPIUMTGW\ &GT /CKP #TOGG 2TGW­GP <GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG /KV TQVGO #DFGEMVWEJ CP 0CFGN ++ 'KPFTWEMUXQNNG 5EJPCNNG GKPGU QNFGPDWTIKUEJGP 8GVGTCPGP FGU &GWVUEJGP -TKGIGU XQP WPF FGU &GWVUEJ (TCP\Ì UKUEJGP -TKGIGU XQP .CWV -NKGVOCPP WPF 0GWDGEMGT KP -1. 5 YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV PWT #NNIGOGKPG 'JTGP\GKEJGP ++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CO 4KPI D\Y 'JTGPMTGW\G ++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CO 4KPI XGTNKGJGP XQP FGTGP +PJCDGTP PQEJ EC CO .GDGP YCTGP UQYKG #NNIGOGKPG 'JTGP\GKEJGP +++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP D\Y 'JTGPMTGW\G +++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP XQP FGTGP +PJCDGTP PQEJ EC CO .GDGP YCTGP

98


SLG. BEYREISS - OLDENBURG

271 (1:2)

)TQ­G INCVVG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG FGU 7PVGTQHHK\KGTU 8GVGTCPGP FGU -TKGIGU XQP WPF )GOGKP FGXQTUVGJGTU )GTJCTF /G[GT CWU #RGP OKV UGEJU XQP WTURTÒPINKEJ UKGDGP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP WPF &QMWOGPVGP 2TGW­GP 'KUGTPGU -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG OKV 'KEJGPNCWDURCPIG 1NFGPDWTI *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI #NNIGOGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP + -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CO 4KPI D\Y 'JTGPMTGW\ + -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CO 4KPI #WUHÒJTWPI $WPVOG VCNN XGTIQNFGV &KVQ #NNIGOGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP +++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP #WUHÒJTWPI OKV UQIGP RTGW­KUEJGP 5EJYGTVGTP 1NFGPDWTI NGGTGU $CPF YQJN HÒT FKG )GPFCTOGTKG &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI CD 2TGW­GP -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G HÒT -QODCVVCPVGP OKV 4CPFRT·IWPI OKV XKGT )GHGEJVU URCPIGP 8+108+..' /#45 .# 6174 /'6< $'#70' .# 41.#0&' WPF .' /#05 2TGW­GP .CPFYGJT &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI ++ -NCUUG /QFGNN CD 2TGW­GP <GPVGPCTOG FCKNNG #WH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG TQVGU #DFGEMVWEJ CP 0CFGN &C\W C 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG \W FCVKGTV D 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG \W FCVKGTV E $GUKV\\GWIPKU \W FCVKGTV F 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG \W FCVKGTV G 'KPNCFWPI \WT 6CHGN CO KO )TQ­JGT\QINKEJGP 2CNCKU H /GPÒMCTVG FGT )TQ­ JGT\QINKEJGP 6CHGN CO I 'KPNCFWPI \WO *QHDCNN CO KO )TQ­JGT\QINKEJGP 2CNCKU J 'KPNCFWPI \WT 6CHGN CO KO )TQ­JGT\QINKEJGP 2CNCKU K /GPÒMCTVG FGT )TQ­JGT \QINKEJGP 6CHGN CO L 2GTUQPCNCWUYGKU XQO OKV 2JQVQ &KG &QMWOGPVG VGKNU IGHCNVGV GKPIGTKUUGP WPF DGUEJ·FKIV ++ 'KPFTWEMUXQNNG 5EJPCNNG GKPGU QNFGPDWTIKUEJGP 8GVGTCPGP FGU &GWVUEJ (TCP\ÌUKUEJGP -TKGIGU XQP WPF )GOGKPFGXQTUVGJGTU JÌEJUV KPVGTGUUCPV CWEJ YGIGP FGT 'KPNCFWPIGP WPF /GPÒMCTVGP FGU )TQ­JGT\QINKEJGP *QHGU .CWV -NKGVOCPP WPF 0GWDGEMGT KP -1. 5 YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV PWT #NNIGOGKPG 'JTGP\GKEJGP ++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CO 4KPI D\Y 'JTGPMTGW\G ++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CO 4KPI XGTNKGJGP XQP FGTGP +PJCDGTP PQEJ EC CO .GDGP YCTGP UQYKG #NNIGOGKPG 'JTGP\GKEJGP +++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP D\Y 'JTGPMTGW\G +++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP XQP FGTGP +PJCDGTP PQEJ EC CO .GDGP YCTGP

272 (1:2)

)TQ­G MTCWUG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG FGU 5QNFCVGP QFGT 7PVGTQHHK\KGTU /G[GT OKV UGEJU #WU\GKEJPWPIGP 1NFGPDWTI *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI #NNIGOGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP ++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CO 4KPI D\Y 'JTGPMTGW\ ++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CO 4KPI #WUHÒJTWPI 5KNDGT 1NFGPDWTI 'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG CP FGP (GNF\WI 2TGW­GP -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G HÒT -QODCVVCPVGP OKV 4CPFRT·IWPI OKV HÒPH )GHGEJVUURCPIGP 8+108+..' /#45 .# 6174 )4#8'.166' 56 24+8#6 /'6< $'#70' .# 41.#0&' WPF 14. #05 1NFGP DWTI *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI #NNIGOGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP +++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP #WUHÒJTWPI OKV UQIGP RTGW­KUEJGP 5EJYGTVGTP TGEJVGT 5EJYGTVGTITKHH CDIGDTQEJGP 2TGW­GP 'TKPPGTWPIUMTGW\ &GT /CKP #TOGG CWH FGO $CPF FKG )GHGEJVUURCP IGP $'#7)'0%; %4#8#06 WPF .' /#05 FGT RTGW­KUEJGP -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G 2TGW­GP <GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG 1JPG #DFGEMVWEJ CP 0CFGN ++ 'KPFTWEMUXQNNG 5EJPCNNG GKPGU QNFGPDWTIKUEJGP 8GVGTCPGP FGU &GWVUEJGP -TKGIGU XQP WPF FGU &GWVUEJ (TCP\Ì UKUEJGP -TKGIGU XQP .CWV -NKGVOCPP WPF 0GWDGEMGT KP -1. 5 YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV PWT #NNIGOGKPG 'JTGP\GKEJGP ++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CO 4KPI D\Y 'JTGPMTGW\G ++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CO 4KPI XGTNKGJGP XQP FGTGP +PJCDGTP PQEJ EC CO .GDGP YCTGP UQYKG #NNIGOGKPG 'JTGP\GKEJGP +++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP D\Y 'JTGPMTGW\G +++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP XQP FGTGP +PJCDGTP PQEJ EC CO .GDGP YCTGP

99


SLG. BEYREISS - OLDENBURG

273 (1:2)

)TQ­G INCVVG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG FGU 8GVGTCPGP FGT -TKGIG XQP WPF WPF +PURGMVQTU C & 'FQ #NDGTU CWU 9GEJNQ[ OKV UKGDGP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP 2TGW­GP 'KUGTPGU -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG OKV 'KEJGPNCWDURCPIG 1NFGPDWTI *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI #NNIGOGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP +++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP #WUHÒJTWPI OKV UQIGP RTGW­K UEJGP 5EJYGTVGTP 2TGW­GP 'TKPPGTWPIUMTGW\ &GT /CKP #TOGG 1NFGPDWTI -TKGIGTXGT GKPU 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ 5KNDGT 2TGW­GP &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI /QFGNN CD -TGW\ + -NCUUG 2TGW­GP -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G HÒT -QODCVVCPVGP OKV 4CPFRT·IWPI OKV UKGDGP )GHGEJVUURCPIGP 8+108+..' /#45 .# 6174 )4#8'.166' 56 24+8#6 /'6< $'#70' .# 41.#0&' 14. #05 $'#7)'0%; %4#8#06 WPF .' /#05 2TGW­GP <GPVGPCT OGFCKNNG /KV UEJYCT\GO #DFGEMVWEJ CP 0CFGN <WUCOOGP OKV FGT 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG \WO QNFGPDWTIKUEJGP -TKGIGTXGTGKPU 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ FCVKGTV GKPGT 2JQVQITCRJKG XQP #NDGTU CWH FGT GT IGPCW FKGUG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG VT·IV WPF GKPGT MWT \GP OCUEJKPGPIGUEJTKGDGPGP ªDGTUKEJV UGKPGT OKNKV·TKUEJGP .CWHDCJP ++ 'FQ #NDGTU FKGPVG ,CJTG NCPI KO QNFGPDWTIKUEJGP +PHCPVGTKG 4GIKOGPV 0T WPF PCJO CNU 5GTIGCPV FGT -QORCPKG CO &GWVUEJ (TCP\ÌUKUEJGP -TKGI XQP VGKN #WHITWPF UGKPGU DGUQPFGTU VCRHGTGP 8GTJCNVGPU KP FGT 5EJNCEJV XQP 8KQPXKNNG /CTU NC 6QWT KP FGT 0·JG XQP /GV\ CO #WIWUV YWTFG KJO FCU #NNIGOGKPG 'JTGP\GKEJGP +++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP FGU *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGPU FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI XGTNKGJGP WPF GKPGP 6CI FCTCWH FCU 'KUGTPG -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG FCU KJO UGKP $CVVCKNNQPU -QOOCPFGWT /CLQT X -KGPKV\ ÒDGTTGKEJVG 0CEJ $GGPFKIWPI UGKPGT OKNKV·TKUEJGP .CWHDCJP YWTFG GT +PURGMVQT 0GDGP UGKPGT DGTWHNKEJGP 6·VKIMGKV YCT GT CNU /KVINKGF FGU -CORHIGPQUUGPXGTGKPU 1NFGPDWTI CMVKX KO 1NFGPDWTIGT -TKGIGTDWPF V·VKI 'T UVCTD 'PFG FGT GT ,CJTG

274 (1:2)

)TQ­G 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG FGU 8GVGTCPGP FGU -TKGIGU XQP WPF 2CUVQTU /G[GT CWU .GPU OKV XKGT #WU\GKEJPWPIGP 1NFGPDWTI *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI 4KVVGTMTGW\ ++ -NCUUG OKV FGT UKNDGTPGP -TQPG WPF OKV FGP 5EJYGTVGTP CO 4KPI UKGJG #POGTMWPI WPVGP &KVQ #NNIGOGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP +++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP #WUHÒJTWPI OKV UQIGP RTGW­KUEJGP 5EJYGTVGTP FGT TGEJVG 5EJYGTVITKHH CDIGDTQEJGP 2TGW­GP -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G HÒT -QODCVVCPVGP OKV 4CPFRT·IWPI OKV FTGK )GHGEJVUURCPIGP 14. #05 /'6< WPF .' /#05 VGKNU IGNQEMGTV WPF GKPG OKV (CFGP DGHGUVKIV 2TGW­GP <GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG /KV UEJYCT\GO #DFGEMVWEJ CP 0CFGN <WUCOOGP OKV GKPGO 2JQVQ FGU 2CUVQTU 4444 ++ )GPCW FKGUG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG KUV DGK $G[TGK­ KP $;1 5 CDIGDKNFGV 2CUVQT /G[GT JCV FCU 'JTGPMTGW\ +++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP KO ,CJTG XGTNKGJGP DGMQOOGP WPF FCU 4KVVGTMTGW\ ++ -NCUUG OKV FGT UKNDGTPGP -TQPG WPF FGP 5EJYGTVGTP CO 4KPI KO ,CJTG -TQPG WPF 4KPI FGU 4KVVGTMTGW\GU ++ -NCUUG OKV FGT UKNDGTPGP -TQPG WPF OKV 5EJYGTVGTP UKPF \YGKHGNUHTGK IGRT·IV DGK FGP IGMTGW\VGP 5EJYGTVGTP JCPFGNV GU UKEJ GKPFGWVKI WO GKPGP 5KNDGTIW­ &CU -TGW\ FCU KO ,CJTG XGTNKG JGP YQTFGP UGKP UQNN JCNVGP YKT HÒT GKPG (GTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC %CTN (TKGFTKEJ <KOOGTOCPP KP 2HQT\JGKO UKGJG JKGT\W WPUGTG FKGUDG\ÒINKEJG #POGTMWPI \W -CV 0T WPF &C GU UKEJ DGK FGT 8GTNGKJWPI FKGUGT -NCUUG WO FKG GKP\KIG ÒDGTJCWRV PCEJYGKUDCTG JCPFGNV WPF FKG 1TFGPUMCP\NGK PCEJ $G[TGK­ KP $;1 5 PWT KO ,CJT UQNEJG 'ZGORNCTG DG\QIGP JCV NKGIV FKG 8GTOWVWPI PCJG FC­ FKG 5EJYGTVGT YQJN GPVYGFGT XQP FGT (KTOC <KO OGTOCPP QFGT XQO .KGHGTCPVGP -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI CWHITWPF FGT IGTKPIGP #WHNCIGPJÌJG KO )W­XGTHCJTGP JGTIG UVGNNV YWTFGP ņ GKPG (TCIG FKG PCEJ FGO DKUJGTKIGP (QTUEJWPIUUVCPF PKEJV GPFIÒNVKI IGMN·TV YGTFGP MCPP #WU FKGUGO )TWPF UGJGP YKT WPU PKEJV KP FGT .CIG GKPG 1TKIKPCNKV·VUICTCPVKG HÒT FKGUGU 'ZGORNCT CD\WIGDGP

100


SLG. BEYREISS - OLDENBURG

275 (1:1,5)

)TQ­G MTCWUG 1TFGPUEJPCNNG FGU ITQ­JGT\QINKEJ QNFGPDWTIKUEJGP -COOGTFKGPGTU 6JKG OKV #WU\GKEJPWPIGP 1NFGPDWTI *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI #NNIGOGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP ++ -NCUUG D\Y 'JTGPMTGW\ ++ -NCUUG 5KNDGT 2TGW­GP 4QVG #FNGT /G FCKNNG /QFGNN #WUHÒJTWPI 5KNDGT ņ 5KNDGT 2TGW­GP -TQPGP 1TFGP /GFCKNNG #WUHÒJTWPI OKV QHHGPGT CPIGNÌVGVGT -TQPG $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV 5CEJUGP #NVGPDWTI 5CEJUGP 'TPGUVKPKUEJGT *CWUQTFGP 5KNDGTPG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG /QFGNN OKV 2QTVTCKV *GT\QI 'TPUVU + ņ #WUHÒJTWPI OKV GKPUGKVKI UKEJVDCTGO $CEMGPDCTV ņ 5CEJUGP 9GKOCT #NNIG OGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP #WUHÒJTWPI QJPG ,CJTGU\CJN ņ )QNFGPG /GFCKNNG 5KNDGT XGTIQN FGV 5CEJUGP %QDWTI WPF )QVJC 5CEJUGP 'TPGUVKPKUEJGT *CWUQTFGP 5KNDGTPG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG /QFGNN OKV 2QTVTCKV FGU *GT\QIU %CTN 'FWCTF #WUHÒJTWPI OKV 5VGORGNUEJGKFGT <GK EJGP /X- ņ 5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG 5KNDGT $TCWPUEJYGKI 1TFGP *GKPTKEJ FGU .ÌYGP 'JTGP\GKEJGP + -NCUUG #WUHÒJTWPI 5KNDGT ņ 5KNDGT *QJGP\QNNGTP (ÒTUVNKEJGT *CWU QTFGP XQP *QJGP\QNNGTP /QFGNN CD 5KNDGTPG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG #WUICDG OKV ,CJTGU\CJN 5KNDGT 0KGFGTNCPFG *CWUQTFGP XQP 1TCPKGP 5KNDGTPG 'JTGPOGFCKNNG 4WUUKUEJGU 4GKEJ /GFCKNNG HÒT 'KHGT /QFGNN OKV FGO 2QTVTCKV -CKUGT 0KMQNCWU ++ ņ -NGKPG 5KN DGTPG /GFCKNNG CO $CPF FGU 5V 5VCPKUNCWU 1TFGPU &CU $CPF FGT TWUUKUEJGP /GFCKNNG GVYCU \GT UEJNKUUGP QJPG TÒEMUGKVKIGU #DFGEMVWEJ CP 0CFGN #PIGDQVGP OKV 1TKIKPCN 2JQVQITCRJKG XQP 6JKG ++ 5GJT DGGKPFTWEMGPFG 5EJPCNNG GKPGU -COOGTFKGPGTU CWU FGO FKTGMVGP 7OHGNF FGT )TQ­JGT\QIG )TQ­JGT\QI 0KEQNCWU (TKGFTKEJ 2GVGT ++ TGI UGKV WPF (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV TGI XQP DKU <WO 5V 5VCPKUNCWU $CPF FGT TWUUKUEJGP /GFCKNNG HÒT 'KHGT XIN (GFGT -NCWU * 'V NKNNG QTFGPUURºPFG QI JKUVQTKGP DCI +P 1TFGPUJKUVQTKUM 6KFUMTKHV 0T -QRGPJCIGP 7PF &GTU 'KPG MNGKPG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG WPF FKG )G UEJKEJVG FCJKPVGT +P /KNKVCTKC ,CJTICPI *GHV /GNDGEM

276 (1:1,5)

)TQ­G MTCWUG 1TFGPUURCPIG FGU (GNFYGDGNU -CTN /G[GT XQO 1NFGPDWTIGT +PHCPVGTKG 4GIKOGPV 0T OKV UGEJU #WU\GKEJPWPIGP WPF \WIGJÌTKIGT (GNFUEJPCNNG 2TGW­GP 'KUGTPGU -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG 1NFGPDWTI (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG 'KUGP &GWVUEJGU 4GKEJ 'JTGPMTGW\ FGU 9GNVMTKGIU HÒT (TQPVM·ORHGT 1NFGPDWTI 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG HÒT 4GVVWPI CWU )GHCJT UQIGP 2T·IWPI CD #WUHÒJTWPI 5KNDGT ņ 5KNDGT OKV XGTVKGHVGT 5VGORGN UEJPGKFGT 5KIPCVWT $4'*/'4 ( OKV 4CPFITCXWT (GNFYGDGN -CTN /G[GT -QOR 'TU $CVN 1NFGPD +PH 4GIV 2TGW­GP &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI /QFGNN CD -TGW\ + -NCUUG HÒT &KGPUVLCJTG &GWVUEJGU 4GKEJ 6TGWFKGPUV 'JTGPMTGW\ HÒT &KGPUVLCJTG #WH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG ITCWG (KN\CDFGEMWPI CP 0CFGN 44 ++ $G[TGK­ $;. 5 DKNFGV IGPCW FKGUG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG KP UGKPGO 9GTM ÒDGT FKG 4GVVWPIUOGFCKNNGP FGT &GWVUEJGP 5VCCVGP CD 5GNVGPGU 'ZGORNCT CWU FGT .KGHGTWPI FGT (KTOC $GTPJCTF -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI CWU FGO ,CJTG KP *ÌJG XQP PWT 'ZGORNCTGP FKG KP FGT \YGKVGP ,CJTGUJ·NHVG FGU ,CJTGU CWHIGDTCWEJV YCT

101


SLG. BEYREISS - OLDENBURG

277 (1:1,5)

278 (1:1,5)

)TQ­G MTCWUG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG OKV XKGT #WU\GKEJPWPIGP 2TGW­GP 'KUGTPGU -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG 1NFGPDWTI (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG 'KUGP OKV $CPFURCPIG 814 &'/ ('+0&' 'KUGP 1NFGPDWTI 4QVG -TGW\ /GFCKNNG #WUHÒJTWPI 5KNDGT 8GTIQNFWPI ITÌ­VGPVGKNU XGTICPIGP /G FCKNNQP OKV FGO TQVGP -TGW\ IGNÌUV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG 5KNDGTRWP\G &GWVUEJGU 4GKEJ 'JTGP MTGW\ FGU 9GNVMTKGIU HÒT (TQPVM·ORHGT #WH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG UEJYCT\G 5VQHHCDFGEMWPI CP 0CFGN ++ <WO 6JGOC FGT 4QVGP -TGW\ /GFCKNNG KP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV UKGJG WPUGTG FKGUDG\ÒINKEJGP #POGTMWPIGP WPVGT -CV 0T

)TQ­G MTCWUG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG GKPGU 7PVGTQHHK\KGTU FGT QNFGPDWTIKUEJGP )GPFCTOGTKG OKV XKGT #WU \GKEJPWPIGP 1NFGPDWTI (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG 'KUGP OKV $CPFURCPIG 814 &'/ ('+0&' 'KUGP $TCWPUEJYGKI -TKGIUXGTFKGPUVMTGW\ ++ -NCUUG 1NFGPDWTI *CWU WPF 8GT FKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI 'JTGPMTGW\ ++ -NCUUG $WPVOGVCNN XGTUKNDGTV UKE 1NFGPDWTI &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPIU -TGW\ KP 5KNDGT HÒT &KGPUVLCJTG XQO (GNFYGDGN CDY·TVU 5KNDGT /KV TÒEMUGKVKIGO ITÒPGP #DFGEMVWEJ CP 0CFGN ++ 0CEJ #DUEJNW­ FGT /KNKV·TMQPXGPVKQP \YKUEJGP 1NFGPDWTI WPF 2TGW­GP KO ,CJTG GTHQNIVGP XQP DKU YGKVGTG 8GTNGKJWPIGP FGU DKUJGTKIGP 5KNDGTPGP /KNKV·T &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPIU -TGW\GU CP )GPFCTOGP WPF .CPF FTCIQPGT FKG PKEJV FGP QNFGPDWTIKUEJGP 6TWRRGPVGKNGP FGT RTGW­KUEJGP #TOGG CPIGJÌTVGP &C FKG &KGPUVCWU\GKEJ PWPIU -TGW\G UVTGPI TÒEMICDGRHNKEJVKI YCTGP FÒTHVG FKG #P\CJN FGT VCVU·EJNKEJ JGTIGUVGNNVGP 'ZGORNCTG FGWVNKEJ WPVGT FGP 8GTNGKJWPIU\CJNGP NKGIGP

280 (1:1,5) 279 (1:1,5)

)TQ­G INCVVG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG OKV XKGT #WU\GKEJPWPIGP 1NFGPDWTI (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG 'KUGP CO TQV DNCWGP $CPF HÒT 0KEJVM·ORHGT 1NFGPDWTI -TKGIGTXGTGKPU 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ 5KNDGT 2TGW­GP -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G HÒT -QODCVVCPVGP OKV 4CPFRT·IWPI OKV FTGK )G HGEJVUURCPIGP )4#8'.166' 56 24+8#6 2#4+5 WPF /'6< VGKNU IGNQEMGTV 2TGW­GP <GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG 1JPG TÒEMUGKVKIGU #DFGEMVWEJ CP 0CFGN ++ )TQ­G INCVVG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG GKPGU )GPFCTOGP OKV XKGT #WU\GKEJPWPIGP 1NFGPDWTI (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG 'KUGP 1NFGPDWTI )GPFCTOGTKG &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI -TGW\ HÒT &KGPUV LCJTG -WRHGT 2TGW­GP .CPFYGJT &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI ++ -NCUUG /QFGNN CD 2TGW­GP <GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG /KV TÒEMUGKVKIGO TQVGP #DFGEMVWEJ CP 0CFGN ++ 8QP FGT &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI HÒT &KGPUVLCJTG YWTFGP NCWV $G[TGK­ KP $;1 5 H 'ZGORNCTG IGNKGHGTV YQXQP DKU PWT 5VÒEM XGTNKGJGP YWTFGP

102


SLG. BEYREISS - OLDENBURG

281 (1:1,5)

)TQ­G MTCWUG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG FGU .GDGPUTGVVGTU WPF 9GJTOCEJVUCPIGJÌTKIGP #NGZCPFGT 5VQNN OKV UGEJU #WU\GKEJPWPIGP 2TGW­GP 'KUGTPGU -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG (TGKUVCCV 1NFGPDWTI 8GT FKGPUVOGFCKNNG HÒT 4GVVWPI CWU )GHCJT 5KNDGT CWH FGO 4CPF NKPMU WPF TGEJVU FGT ¤UG RWP\KGTV WPF 5+.$'4 OKV 4CPFITCXWT #NGZCPFGT 5VQNN &GWVUEJGU 4GKEJ 'JTGPMTGW\ FGU 9GNV MTKGIU HÒT -TKGIUVGKNPGJOGT &GWVUEJGU 4GKEJ 9GJTOCEJVU &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI FGU *GG TGU QFGT FGT /CTKPG -NCUUG HÒT &KGPUVLCJTG &KVQ -NCUUG HÒT &KGPUVLCJTG $WNICTKGP 'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG (ÒT FGP -TKGI CO $CPF HÒT -·ORHGT 'VYCU XGTUEJOWV\V OKV TÒEM UGKVKIGO #DFGEMUVQHH CP 0CFGN 44 ++ .CWV $G[TGK­ KP $;1 5 KUV FKG ITQ­JGT\QINKEJG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG HÒT 4GVVWPI CWU )GHCJT CWEJ PCEJ #DFCP MWPI FGU )TQ­JGT\QIU CO 0QXGODGT YGKVGT XGTNKGJGP YQTFGP &KG NGV\VG 8GTNGKJWPI GTHQNIVG KO ,CJTG CP FKG L·JTKIG 5EJÒNGTKP *KNFGICTF 5EJTKGXGT #DGNP &CPCEJ YWTFGP FKG 8GTNGKJWPIGP GKPIGUVGNNV 'TUV OKV GKPGT NCWV *GUUGPVJCN WPF 5EJTGKDGT KP *75 5 0T 8GTQTFPWPI FGU 5VCCVOKPKUVGTKWOU XQO (GDTWCT XGTÌHHGPVNKEJV KO )GUGV\DNCVV HÒT FGP (TGKUVCCV 1NFGPDWTI :.8 $CPF 5VÒEM YWTFG YKGFGT GKPG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG HÒT 4GVVWPI CWU )GHCJT GKPIGHÒJTV FKG KO (TGKUVCCV 1NFGPDWTI DKU XGTNKGJGP YGTFGP MQPPVG &C FKG JKGT CPIGDQVGPG /GFCKNNG FCU &CVWO XQO 5GRVGODGT CWHYGKUV KUV GKPFGWVKI GTYKGUGP FC­ UKEJ FKGUG &CVWOUCPICDG CWH FKG 4GVVWPIUVCV DG\KGJV WPF UKEJ PKEJV CWH FGP 6CI FGT 8GTNGKJWPI DG\KGJGP MCPP FC \W FKGUGO <GKVRWPMV PQEJ ICT MGKPG 4GVVWPIUOGFCKNNG FGU (TGKUVCCVGU GZKUVKGTVG /KV 8GTCDUEJKGFWPI FGU )GUGV\GU ÒDGT 6KVGN 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP XQO #RTKN YWTFG NCWV #TVKMGN #DUCV\ FKG 8GTNGKJWPI XQP 1TFGP WPF #WU\GKEJPWPIGP HÒT FKG 'TTGVVWPI XQP /GPUEJGP CWU .GDGPUIGHCJT 4GV VWPIUOGFCKNNGP CWH FGP 4GKEJURT·UKFGPVGP DGUEJT·PMV &CU )GUGV\ VTCV CO #RTKN KP -TCHV /KV 8GTQTFPWPI FGU 4GKEJURT·UKFGPVGP 2CWN XQP *KPFGPDWTI 4GKEJURT·UKFGPV UGKV ÒDGT FKG 8GT NGKJWPI XQP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP HÒT FKG 'TTGVVWPI XQP /GPUEJGPNGDGP CWU .GDGPUIGHCJT 4GVVWPIUOGFCKNNGP XQO ,WPK YWTFG FKG 4GVVWPIUOGFCKNNG CO $CPFG h FGU &GWVUEJGP 4GKEJGU IGUVKHVGV )GO·­ FKGUGT 8GTQTFPWPI YWTFGP KP h FKG .CPFGUTGIKGTWPIGP GTO·EJVKIV HÒT FKGLGPKIGP 4GVVWPIUVCVGP FKG XQT FGO #RTKN XQNNDTCEJV UKPF FKG DKUJGT PCEJ .CPFGUTGEJV XQTIGUGJGPGP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP DKU \WO #RTKN UGNDUV \W XGTNGK JGP 0CEJ FKGUGO <GKVRWPMV YÒTFG FGT 4GKEJURT·UKFGPV DGKO 8QTNKGIGP FGT 8QTCWUUGV\WPIGP CWEJ FKGLGPKIGP 4GVVWPIUOGFCKNNGP XGTNGKJGP FGTGP 8GTNGKJWPI FKG .CPFGUTGIKGTWPIGP YGIGP ,WIGPFNKEJMGKV FGU 4GVVGTU CWUIGUGV\V JCDGP 5QOKV MQPPVG FGT (TGKUVCCV 1NFGPDWTI PQEJ DKU \W FKGUGO &CVWO UGNDUV 4GVVWPIUOGFCKNNGP XGTNGK JGP YGPP FGT <GKVRWPMV FGT 4GVVWPIUVCV XQT FGO #RTKN NCI )GJV OCP CWHITWPF FGT 8GTNGKJWPIU\CJNGP XQP KPUIGUCOV EC /GFCKNNGP KO <GKVTCWO \YKUEJGP WPF

XIN WPUGTG #POGTMWPIGP \W FGP -CV 0T WPF CWU YCU GKPG FWTEJUEJPKVVNKEJG 8GTNGKJWPI XQP XKGT 4GVVWPIUOGFCKNNGP RTQ ,CJT GTIKDV FÒTHVG FKG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG HÒT 4GVVWPI CWU )GHCJT FGU (TGKUVCCVU 1NFGPDWTI CWEJ WPVGT $GTÒEMUKEJVKIWPI FGT 0CEJXGTNGKJWPIGP HÒT 4GVVWPIUVCVGP CD KO <GKVTCWO \YKUEJGP WPF PKEJV OGJT CNU /CN XGTNKGJGP YQTFGP UGKP

282 (1:1,5)

(TCEMURCPIG OKV \YGK #WU\GKEJPWPIGP 1NFGPDWTI *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI 4KVVGTMTGW\ ++ -NCUUG D\Y CD 4KVVGTMTGW\ ++ -NCUUG OKV FGT UKNDGTPGP -TQPG 1NFGPDWTI (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG 'KUGP CO TQV DNCWGP $CPF HÒT 0KEJVM·ORHGT #WH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG TQVGU #DFGEMVWEJ CP 0CFGN ++

103


SLG. BEYREISS - OLDENBURG

283 (1:1,5)

)TQ­G INCVVG 1TFGPUEJPCNNG GKPGU QNFGPDWTIKUEJGP -QNQPKCN 8GVGTCPGP OKV \YGK XQP WTURTÒPINKEJ FTGK #WU\GKEJPWPIGP 2TGW­GP /KNKV·T 'JTGP\GKEJGP ++ -NCUUG 5KNDGT CO $CPF HÒT -·ORHGT 1NFGPDWTI NGGTGU $CPF QJPG FKG #WU\GKEJPWPI FGU *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGPU FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI YQJN FGU 'JTGPMTGW\GU &GWVUEJGU 4GKEJ 5ÒFYGUVCHTKMC &GPMOÒP\G HÒT -·OR HGT 1JPG TÒEMUGKVKIGU #DFGEMVWEJ CP 0CFGN ++

284 (1:1,5)

)TQ­G INCVVG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG GKPGU 8GVGTCPGP FGT -TKGIG XQP WPF OKV GKPGT XQP WT URTÒPINKEJ \YGK #WU\GKEJPWPIGP $CPF QJPG #WU\GKEJPWPI UKGJG #POGTMWPI 1NFGPDWTI 'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG HÒT FKG 8GVGTCPGP XQP WPF ++ 1D GU UKEJ DGK FGO GTUVGP $CPF WO FCU FGT 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG XQP DKU FGU (ÒTUVGPVWOU .KRRG QFGT XKGN NGKEJV WO FCU FGT /KNKV·TXGTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG FGU (ÒTUVGPVWOU 5EJCWODWTI .KRRG QFGT GVYC WO FCU $CPF FGT QNFGP DWTIKUEJGP /GFCKNNG HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FKG -WPUV QFGT PWT WO FCU FGT QNFGPDWTIKUEJGP /GFCKNNG HÒT 6TGWG KP FGT #TDGKV JCPFGNV FKG DGKFGP NGV\VGTGP LGYGKNU OKV GKPGO GVYCU \W DTGKVGP TQVGP /KVVGNUVTGKHGP MQPPVG NGKFGT PKEJV IGMN·TV YGTFGP

285 (1:1)

286 (1:1)

104

/KPKCVWTGPMGVVEJGP OKV HÒPH #WU\GKEJPWPIUOKPKCVWTGP 2TGW­GP 'KUGTPGU -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG 2TGW­GP .CPFYGJT &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI + -NCUUG 5KNDGT /GFCKNNQPU )QNF 2TGW­GP -TKGIUFGPM OÒP\G HÒT -·ORHGT 2TGW­GP 'TKPPGTWPIUMTGW\ -ÌPPKIIT·V\ 1NFGPDWTI *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUV 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI #NNIGOGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP ++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP #O -GVVEJGP OKV -PQRH WPF 0CFGN ++


SLG. BEYREISS - OLDENBURG

Sieben Auszeichnungsminiaturen vom Miniaturenkettchen des Oberst Freels, Kommandeur des Großherzoglichen Gendarmeriekorps. 2TGW­GP 'KUGTPGU -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG 2TGW­GP -TQ PGP 1TFGP +++ -NCUUG )QNF GOCKNNKGTV 2TGW­GP -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G HÒT -·ORHGT OKV UKGDGP )GHGEJVUURCPIGP 8+108+..' /#45 .# 6174 )4#8'.166' 56 24+8#6 01+55 8+..' $'#70' .# 41.#0&' 14. #05 $'#7)'0%; %4#8#06 WPF /'6< 2TGW­GP 'TKPPGTWPIUMTGW\ -ÌPKIIT·V\ 2TGW­GP &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI HÒT 1HHK \KGTG 'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG CP FGP (GNF\WI &GWVUEJGU 4GKEJ <GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG R ++ &KG 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG \WO 'JTGP -QOVWTMTGW\ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CO 4KPI HÒT 1DGTUV (TGGNU DKGVGP YKT WPVGT -CV 0T CP \WUCOOGP OKV GKPGO 4GRTQ GKPGT 2JQVQITCRJKG CWH FGT GT W C FKG ITQ­G 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG VT·IV CWH FGT UGKPG #WU\GKEJPWPIGP FGWVNKEJ UKEJVDCT UKPF

Vertrag oder Testament einer Witwe. *CPFUEJTKHVNKEJ CWH 2CRKGT FCVKGTV ,GXGT CO /·T\ OKV UEJYCT\GO .CEMUKGIGN WPF 7PVGTUEJTKHV UQYKG UKGDGP YGKVGTGP <GWIGP 7PVGTUEJTKHVGP OKV UEJYCT\GP .CEMUKGIGNP FQRRGNV IGHCNVGV ++ Bestallungs-Urkunde zum Geheimen Cabinetsrath. (ÒT FGP 5VCCVUTCVJ (TKGFTKEJ 9KNJGNO #PVQP 4Ì OGT FCVKGTV 1NFGPDWTI CO ,WNK OKV ITQ­GO 2CRKGTUKGIGN WPF 7PVGTUEJTKHV FGU )TQ­JGT\QIU 2CWN (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV + WPF FGU /KPKUVGTU XQP $GTI RR ++ 5QNEJ HTÒJG $GUVCNNWPIUWTMWPFGP UKPF PKEJV J·WHKI \W HKPFGP 'U JCPFGNV UKEJ JKGTDGK WO (TKGFTKEJ 9KNJGNO #PVQP 4ÌOGT FGT 2T·UKFGPV FGU 1NFGPDWTIGT 1DGT #RRGNNCVKQPUIGTKEJVU YCT WPF XQP DKU CWEJ CNU -CP\NGT FGU 1TFGPU COVKGTVG WPF PKEJV WO FGP UR·VGTGP 1DGTUV WPF /KPKUVGT 4ÌOGT 9GKVGTG 7TMWPFGP FGU )GTKEJVU 2T·UK FGPVGP 4ÌOGT UKGJG -CV 0T WPF

Zeugnis des zweiten Characters der Großherzoglichen Staats-Prüfungs-Commission. (ÒT FGP #WFK VQT 9KNJGNO .WFYKI 'TPUV 6GPIG KP ,GXGT FCVKGTV 1NFGPDWTI CO /·T\ OKV 2CRKGTUKGIGN FGT 2TÒHWPIU %QOOKUUKQP WPF 7PVGTUEJTKHV UVCTM UVQEMHNGEMKI GKPOCN IGHCNVGV ++

Bestallungs-Urkunde zum Amtsauditor. (ÒT *GTOCPP )GTJCTF *GKPTKEJ $GEMGT FCVKGTV 1NFGPDWTI CO (GDTWCT OKV ITQ­GO 2CRKGTUKGIGN WPF 7PVGTUEJTKHV FGU )TQ­JGT\QIU 0KEQNCWU (TKGFTKEJ 2GVGT

++ GVYCU XGTHNGEMV GKPOCN IGHCNVGV WPF GVYCU GKPIGTKUUGP ++

Deutsches Reich: Glückwunsch-Adresse des Bundesrates des Deutschen Reiches. (ÒT FGP 1NFGPDWT IGT )GUCPFVGP )GJGKOGP /KPKUVGTKCNTCV 9KNJGNO 5GNMOCPP \W FGUUGP 8GTCDUEJKGFWPI KP FGP 4WJG UVCPF KP MCNNKITCRJKUEJGT *CPFUEJTKHV VNY OKV )QNF KNNWOKPKGTV FCVKGTV $GTNKP CO /·T\ OKV 7PVGTUEJTKHVGP FGT /KVINKGFGT WPF )GUCPFVGP W C X $ÒNQY (TJ X 5VGPIGN X 6KTRKV\ X /ÒJN DGTI X *GGTKPIGP (TJ X 4GKEJNKP XQP )GKIGT +P FWPMGNDNCWGT 7TMWPFGPOCRRG OKV IGRT·IVGO IQNFHCTDGPGO 4GKEJUCFNGT GVYCU DGTKGDGP <WUCOOGP OKV 1TKIKPCNRJQVQITCRJKG 5GNMOCPPU RRR ++ *KUVQTKUEJGU &QMWOGPV XQP ITQ­GT 5GNVGPJGKV OKV \CJNTGKEJGP UGJT KPVGTGUUCPVGP #WVQITCRJGP

Herzogtum Nassau: Drei Briefe an das Herzogliche Amt zu Hachenburg. &CVKGTV HTCPMKGTV OKV 6JWTP WPF 6CZKU -T UEJYCT\ CWH FWPMGNDNCW YQJN /KEJGN 0T 5VGORGN -TGKUG 9+'5$#&'0 WPF *#%*'0$74) &CVKGTV HTCPMKGTV OKV 6JWTP WPF 6CZKU -T UEJYCT\ CWH ITCWDNCW YQJN /KEJGN 0T 5VGORGN -TGKUG 9 5'.6'45 WPF *#%*'0$74) &CVKGTV HTCPMKGTV OKV 6JWTP WPF 6CZKU -T JGNNDNCW YQJN /KEJGN 0T 5VGORGN -TGKUG WPF 9+'5$#&'0 ,GYGKNU IGHCNVGV VGKNU GKPIGTKUUGP WPF GVYCU DGUEJ· FKIV +++ +++ +8 Konvolut von 18 Originalphotographien, darunter von mehreren Mitgliedern der großherzoglichen Familie von Oldenburg. 7 C XQP )TQ­JGT\QI 2CWN (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV TGI UGKV 'TDITQ­JGT\QI (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV TGI XQP DKU 'TDITQ­JGT\QIKP 'NKUCDGVJ #PPC

WPF 2TKP\GUUKP 5QRJKG %JCTNQVVG XQP 1NFGPDWTI 2TKP\ 'NKOCT XQP 1NFGPDWTI

UQYKG XQP )TQ­JGT\QI (TKGFTKEJ (TCP\ ++ XQP /GEMNGPDWTI 5EJYGTKP TGI UGKV UQYKG XQP YGKVGTGP QNFGPDWTIKUEJGP 1TFGPUVT·IGTP ,GYGKNU CWH -CTVQP IG\QIGP &C\W HÒPH OQFGTPG 4GRTQU CNVGT 2JQVQITCRJKGP ++ 'KPKIG FGT $KNFGT WPF 4GRTQU HCPFGP 8GTYGPFWPI KP $G[TGK­ $WEJ ÒDGT FKG QNFGPDWTIKUEJGP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP

$;1

Konvolut von fünf alten Photokarten von Großherzog Friedrich August und Generalfeldmarschall Paul von Hindenburg. &C\W GKP 4GRTQ 2JQVQ XQP *KPFGPDWTI KP 7PKHQTO OKV FGO $TWUVUVGTP \WO )QNFGPGP )TQ­MTGW\ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP WPF .QTDGGT UQYKG GKPG YGKVGTG CNVG 2JQVQMCTVG ++ &CU 4GRTQ 2JQVQ *KPFGPDWTIU KUV DGK $G[TGK­ KP $;1 5 #DD CDIGDKNFGV

Ende der Sammlung Beyreiß. 105


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296 (1:1)

(TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV -TGW\ -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG #WUHÒJTWPI KP 'KUGP 'KUGP IGUEJY·T\V 5EJY·T\WPI VNY DGTKGDGP GVYCU HNWITQUVKI CO CNVGP $CPF $9- 1'- ++ 9GKVGTG QNFGPDWTIKUEJG #WU\GKEJPWPIGP HKPFGP 5KG WPVGT 1.&'0$74) (4'+56##6 FGT 9GKOCTGT 4GRWDNKM CD -CVCNQI 0T

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297

24'755'0 -¤0+)4'+%*

*QJGT 1TFGP XQO 5EJYCT\GP #FNGT 0KEJV RTQDGO·­KIG ,WYGNKGTU #PHGTVKIWPI GKPGU $TWUVUVGTPU XQP ,GCP (T¾F¾TKE )QFGV KP $GTNKP &WTEJOGUUGT OO 5KNDGT VNY HGKPUV ITCXKGTV /GFCKNNQP #WHNCIGP )QNF GOCKNNKGTV FKG 'OCKNNG XQNNUV·PFKI TGUVCWTKGTV =VJG GPCOGNU EQORNGVGN[ TGPGYGF? CP 0CFGN FKGUG OKV *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G 2) YQJN XQP ,GCP (T¾F¾TKE )QFGV ++ 'ZGORNCT CWU WPUGTGT #WMVKQP XQO 0QXGODGT -CV 0T YGNEJGU FCOCNU YGIGP WPXQNNUV·PFKIGT $GUEJTGKDWPI FKG 'OCKNNG 4GUVCWTKGTWPIGP YCTGP PKEJV GTY·JPV YQTFGP \WTÒEMIG\QIGP YWTFG 'U JCPFGNV UKEJ JKGTDGK WO GKPGP $TWUVUVGTP KP GKPGT ,WYGNKGTUCPHGTVKIWPI YQJN CWU FGO GTUVGP &TKVVGN FGU ,CJT JWPFGTVU <WT 6[RKUKGTWPI FGT $TWUVUVGTPG \WO *QJGP 1TFGP XQO 5EJYCT\GP #FNGT XIN 5CWGTYCNF 2GVGT &GT *QJG 1TFGP XQO 5EJYCT\GP #FNGT <WT 9KGFGTMGJT UGKPGT 5VKHVWPI +P 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP *GHV ,WPK 5 HH 7PF \WT <WUEJTGKDWPI FGU 5VÒEMGU CP )QFGV 8IN 5CWGTYCNF 2GVGT $GTNKPGT 1TFGPULWYGNKGTG WPF *GTUVGNNGT XQP 'JTGP\GKEJGP DKU \WO ,CJT +P 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP *GHV ,WPK #WU #PNC­ FGT 'TJGDWPI 2TGW­GPU \WO -ÌPKITGKEJ WPF UGKPGT -TÌPWPI \WO -ÌPKI UVKHVGVG -WTHÒTUV (TKGFTKEJ +++ XQP $TCPFGPDWTI FGUKIPKGTVGT -ÌPKI KP 2TGW­GP FGP GKPMNCUUKIGP 1TFGP CO ,CPWCT $KU \WO 'PFG FGT /QPCTEJKG FGT JÌEJUVG RTGW­KUEJG 1TFGP DGUVGJV GT FCPCEJ CNU *CWUQTFGP YGKVGT

298 (1:1)

1TFGP RQWT NG O¾TKVG 1TFGPUMTGW\ #WUHÒJTWPI OKV $QIGPCITCHHG PCEJ 9CIPGT 6[R OKV NGKEJV GEMKIGP 4·PFGTP WPF PCEJITCXKGTVGP $WEJUVCDGP WPF -TQPG Z OO )QNF JQJN IGHGTVKIV GOCKNNKGTV I OKV $CPFTKPI MNGKPG 'OCKNNG #DRNCV\WPIGP KP FGT QDGTGP TGEJVGP -TGW\URKV\G WPF MCWO UKEJVDCT KO #XGTU WPF 4GXGTU FGU -TGW\ <GPVTWOU OKV .WHVFTWEM #WUINGKEJUNQEJ KO 'KPUEJPKVV FGU WPVGTGP -TGW\CTOU QJPG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI OKV QTKIKPCNGO CNVGP NCPIGP WPMQPHGMVKQPKGTVGP $CPFCDUEJPKVV KO QTKIKPCNGP UEJYCT\GP KP FGT 'TJCNVWPI OKP DGGKPVT·EJVKIVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK $9- 1'- ++ 0CEJ #WUMWPHV FGU 'KPNKGHGTGTU CWU FGO 0CEJNC­ GKPGU )GPGTCNU FGU 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIGU &CU 'ZGORNCT YGKUV FKG DGK 9CIPGT \WGTUV CWHMQOOGPFG WPF UR·VGT CWEJ XQP (TKGFN·PFGT ÒDGTPQOOGPG GNGICPVGTG $QIGPCITCHHG CWH Y·JTGPF FKG XQP )QFGV IGHGTVKIVGP 'ZGORNCTG OGJT FGT 6TCFKVKQP XGTRHNKEJVGV FCU IGMÌTPVG -TGKU 5GIOGPV OKV ¤UG CWHYGKUGP &KG UGJT SWCNKV·VUXQNNG 8GTCTDGKVWPI XQT CNNGO FWTEJ FKG )TCXWT XQP $WEJUVCDGP WPF -TQPG NCUUGP CWH GKPGP HTÒJGP #PHGTVKIWPIU\GKVRWPMV FGU -TGW\GU YQJN UEJQP KO ,CJT UEJNKG­GP 6TQV\ FGU (GJNGPU GKPGT GKPFGWVKIGP $G\GKEJPWPI 4KV\OCTMG QFGT ·JPNKEJGU OGKPGP YKT FKG (KTOC 9CIPGT KP $GTNKP CNU *GTUVGNNGT KFGPVKHK\KGTGP \W MÌPPGP 8IN CWEJ 2./ 5 HH .CWV *COGNOCP KP */ 5 HH YWTFG FGT 2QWT NG O¾TKVG XQP -TKGIUDGIKPP KO #WIWUV DKU ,CJTGUGPFG PWT /CN XGTNKGJGP FCXQP CP )GPGT·NG W C 'OOKEJ *KPFGPDWTI .WFFGPFQTH /CEMGPUGP WPF CP -CKUGT (TCP\ ,QUGRJ (ÒT FCU GTUVG 3WCTVCN XGT\GKEJPGV *COGNOCP 8GTNGKJWPIGP FCXQP GDGPHCNNU CP )GPGT·NG W C *CGUGNGT (CNMGPJC[P WPF XQP FGT /CTYKV\ 5QOKV FÒTHVG GU UKEJ DGK FGO JKGT CPIGDQVGPGP 'ZGORNCT WO GKPG ITQ­G 5GNVGPJGKV WPVGT FGP 2QWT NG O¾TKVGU FGU 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIU JCPFGNP 107


DEUTSCHLAND

299 (1:1)

4QVGT #FNGT 1TFGP /QFGNN OKV \KGIGNTQVGO #FNGT ņ -NGKPQF \WO )TQ­MTGW\ Z OO )QNF VNY HGKPUV IWKNNQEJKGTV ITCXKGTV WPF \KUGNKGTV GOCKNNKGTV I OKV 4KPI CWH FGO 4CPF FGU TGEJVGP -TGW\CTOGU QDGTHN·EJNKEJG 2TÒHURWTGP CWH FGO 4CPF FGU WPVGTGP -TGW\CTOGU 4KV\ OCTMG 9 FGU *GTUVGNNGTU 9CIPGT KP $GTNKP OKV FGO QTKIKPCNGP \GKVIGPÌUUKUEJGP MQPHGMVKQPKGTVGP 5EJWNVGTDCPF $9- 1'- + ++ 'ZGORNCT CWU WPUGTGT #WMVKQP CO ,WPK -CV 0T 7TURTÒPINKEJ XQP 'TDRTKP\ )GQTI 9KNJGNO XQP $TCPFGPDWTI $C[TGWVJ UGKV /CTMITCH CNU GKPMNCUUKIGT 1TFGP FG NC 5KPEGTKV¾ IGUVKHVGV YWTFG GT PCEJ ªDGTPCJOG FGT /CTMITCHUEJCHV FWTEJ 2TGW­GP ÒDGTPQOOGP WPF KO (QNIGPFGP UWM\GUUKXG FWTEJ \CJNTGKEJG PFGTWPIGP 'TI·P\WPIGP WPF 'TYGKVGTWPIGP GTJGDNKEJ CWUIGDCWV 'T XGTHÒIVG CO 5EJNW­ ÒDGT UGEJU -NCUUGP -GVVG )TQ­MTGW\ DKU -NCUUG ņ XQP FGPGP FKG \YGKVG KP \YGK 5VWHGP WPVGTVGKNV YCT XQP FGPGP FKG +PUKIPKGP OKV \CJNTGKEJGP $GK\GKEJGP 5EJYGTVGT 5EJYGTVGT CO 4KPI $TKNNCPVGP -TQPG 'KEJGPNCWD ,WDKN·WOU\CJN ,QJCPPKVGTMTGW\ 5EJYGTV WPF <GRVGT 'OCKNNGDCPF FGU -TQPGPQTFGPU ņ -QODKPCVKQPGP OÌINKEJ XGTNKGJGP YGTFGP MQPPVGP YCU \W GKPGT IGTCFG\W WPÒDGTUKEJVNKEJGP #TVGPXKGNHCNV HÒJTVG /KV FGO 'PFG FGT /QPCTEJKG KUV CWEJ FGT 1TFGP WPVGTIGICPIGP

300 (1:1)

4QVGT #FNGT 1TFGP /QFGNN OKV \KGIGNTQVGO #FNGT ņ $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­MTGW\ OKV DNCW GOCKNNKGTVGT 5EJTKHVHN·EJG &WTEJOGUUGT OO I 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV #WHNCIGP 5KNDGT XGTIQN FGV /GFCKNNQP 5EJTKHVDCPF )QNF GOCKNNKGTV HGKPUVG 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK VNY )QNFUVCWDOCNGTGK CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG WPVGTJCND FGU 0CFGNJCMGPU 4KV\OCTMG 9 FGT (KTOC 9CIPGT KP $GTNKP CP 0CFGN $9- 1'- + ++ 'ZGORNCT CWU WPUGTGT #WMVKQP CO ,WPK -CV 0T

108


DEUTSCHLAND

301 (1:1)

4QVGT #FNGT 1TFGP /QFGNN OKV \KGIGNTQVGO #FNGT $TWUVUVGTP \WT -NCUUG HNCEJG #WUHÒJTWPI 5KNDGT VNY GOCKNNKGTV I HGKPUVG 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK QJPG *GTUVGNNGT -GPP\GKEJPWPI 0CFGN 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV $9- -$ 1'- + ++

302 (1:1)

303 (1:1)

302 (1:1)

4QVGT #FNGT 1TFGP /QFGNN OKV \KGIGNTQVGO #FNGT ņ -TGW\ -NCUUG )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I HGKPUVG 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK QJPG LGINKEJG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI QJPG *CNUDCPF $9- 1'- + ++

4QVGT #FNGT 1TFGP /QFGNN OKV \KGIGNTQVGO #FNGT ņ -TGW\ -NCUUG )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I OKV $CPF 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK FKGUG GVYCU DGTKGDGP CWH FGO 4CPF FGU WPVGTGP -TGW\CTOGU GKPIG TKV\VG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI <* FGT (KTOC <GJP KP $GTNKP CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP $TWUVDCPF OKV CWHIG NGIVGT 4QUGVVG $9- 1'- ++ 'ZGORNCT OKV GKPGT UGNVGPGP *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI XGTNKGJGP CP GKPGP (TCP\QUGP FGT FCU $CPF OKV GKPGT 4QUGVVG

CNU -GPP\GKEJPWPI FGT 1HHK\KGTUMNCUUG XGTUGJGP NKG­

4QVGT #FNGT 1TFGP /QFGNN OKV \KGIGNTQVGO #FNGT ņ 7TMWPFG \WT -NCUUG HÒT FGP MÌPKINKEJ KVCNKGPKUEJGP 1DGTNGWVPCPV .GQTPCTFQ )TCH FG .C\CTC 2KUCPK KO -CXCNNGTKGTGIKOGPV 0K\\C FCVKGTV $GTNKP CO ,WPK OKV &TWEMUKGIGN WPF 7PVGTUEJTKHV FQRRGNV IGHCNVGV ++

8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGP \WO 4QVGP #FNGT 1TFGP HKPFGP 5KG KO &QMWOGPVGP 6GKNPCEJNC­ FGU 8K\G #FOK TCNU 5EJCEM FGT WPVGT &'765%*'5 4'+%* CPIGDQVGP YKTF -CV 0T DKU 109


DEUTSCHLAND

305 (1:1)

305 (1:1)

-ÌPKINKEJGT -TQPGP 1TFGP /QFGNN OKV MNGKPGT JGTCNFKUEJGT -ÌPKIUMTQPG KO #XGTU /GFCKNNQP ņ 5GV FGT -NCUUG OKV 5VGTP DGUVGJGPF CWU -TGW\ -NCUUG )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I QJPG $CPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT /GFCKNNQP )QNF GOCKNNKGTV OKP 'OCKNNG #WUDTWEJ KO /GFCKNNQP 4KPI CP 0CFGN FKGUGT KO QTKIKPCNGP OKV IQNFHCTDGPGO /QPQITCOO DGFTWEMVGP ITÒPNGFGTPGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK \WUCOOGP OKV 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG HÒT FGP -CKUGTNKEJ HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP $TKICFG )GPGTCN *GPTK %CUVGNPCW #FLWVCPV FGU -CKUGTU FGT (TCP\QUGP FCVKGTV $CDGNUDGTI CO 5GRVGODGT OKV 2T·IGUKGIGN WPF 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV 9KNJGNOU + WPF ªDGTUGPFWPIUUEJTGKDGP FGU RTGW­KUEJGP $QVUEJCHVGTU KP 2CTKU )QNV\ FCVKGTV CO /·T\ A LGYGKNU IGHCNVGV $9- 1'- ++ $GFGWVGPFGU 5GV KP QTFGPVNKEJGT 'TJCNVWPI WPF KP -QODKPCVKQP OKV 2TQXGPKGP\ GKPGT JKUVQTKUEJGP 2GTUÌPNKEJMGKV XQP JÌEJUVGO +PVGTGUUG $GUQPFGTU KPVGTGUUCPV XQT FGO *KPVGTITWPF FC­ %CUVGNPCW #FLWVCPV 0CRQNGQPU +++ FGP -CKUGT KP FKG RTGW­KUEJG -TKGIUIGHCPIGPUEJCHV PCEJ 5EJNQ­ 9KNJGNOUJÌJG DGK -CUUGN DGINGKVGVG WPF OKV KJO CWEJ DKU \WO /·T\ FQTV XGTDNKGD &CU 5GV FGU -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\GU OKV 5VGTP FGU DCFKUEJGP 1TFGPU XQO <·JTKPIGT .ÌYGP FCU %CUVGNPCW XGTNKGJGP DGMQOOGP JCV HKPFGP 5KG \WUCOOGP OKV FGO 8GTNGKJWPIUFKRNQO WPVGT -CV 0T &QTV UKPF CWEJ YGKVGTG &GVCKNU \WT 2GTUÌPNKEJMGKV %CUVGNPCWU \W HKPFGP

110

305 (1:1)


DEUTSCHLAND

306 (1:1)

306 (1:1)

307 (1:1)

-ÌPKINKEJGT -TQPGP 1TFGP /QFGNN OKV MNGKPGT JGTCNFKUEJGT -ÌPKIUMTQPG KO #XGTU /GFCKNNQP ņ -TGW\ -NCUUG )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I QJPG $CPF $9- 1'- 44 ++

-ÌPKINKEJGT -TQPGP 1TFGP /QFGNN OKV FGT ITQ­GP RTGW­KUEJGP -ÌPKIUMTQPG ņ -TGW\ -NCUUG )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I CWH FGO 4CPF FGU WPVGTGP -TGW\CTOU 4KV\OCTMG 9 FGT (KTOC 9CIPGT KP $GTNKP CO QTKIKPCNGP MQPHGMVKQPKGTVGP *CNUDCPF $9- 1'- +

-ÌPKINKEJGT -TQPGP 1TFGP /QFGNN OKV FGT ITQ­GP RTGW­KUEJGP -ÌPKIUMTQPG ņ 8GTNGK JWPIUWTMWPFG \WT -NCUUG HÒT FGP -ÌPKINKEJ +VCNKGPKUEJGP -QTXGVVGP -CRKV·P )TCH 6JCQP FK 4GXGN (NÒIGN #FLWVCPV FGU -ÌPKIU XQP +VCNKGP FCVKGTV *QODWTI X F * CO 5GRVGODGT OKV 2T·IGUKG IGN WPF 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV 9KNJGNOU ++ GVYCU UVQEMHNGEMKI \YGKOCN IGHCNVGV ++ 9GKVGTG &QMWOGPVG FGU UR·VGTGP )TQ­CFOKTCNU /CTKPGOKPKUVGTU WPF 2T·UKFGPVGP FGU 5GPCVU FGU -ÌPKITGKEJU 2CQNQ 6JCQP FK 4GXGN *GT\QIU FGN /CTG UKGJG -CV 0T WPF 9GKVGTG +PHQTOCVKQPGP \W FKGUGT DGFGWVGPFGP KVCNKGPKUEJGP 2GTUÌPNKEJMGKV UKGJG #POGTMWPIGP \W -CV 0T

310 (1:1)

310 (1:1) 309

-ÌPKINKEJGT -TQPGP 1TFGP /QFGNN OKV FGT ITQ­GP RTGW­KUEJGP -ÌPKIUMTQPG ņ 8GTNGK JWPIUWTMWPFG \WT -NCUUG HÒT FGP 1DGTUV /WUVCRJC (GJOKL $G[ )GPGTCN #FLWVCPV FGU 8K\GMÌPKIU XQP I[RVGP FCVKGTV $GTNKP CO ,WPK OKV 2T·IGUKGIGN WPF 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV 9KNJGNOU ++ CO 4CPF FGWVNKEJ DGUEJ·FKIV XQT CNNGO KP FGT TGEJVGP QDGTGP 'EMG \YGKOCN IGHCNVGV +++ +8

-ÌPKINKEJGT -TQPGP 1TFGP /QFGNN OKV FGT ITQ­GP RTGW­KUEJGP -ÌPKIUMTQPG ņ -TGW\ +8 -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV /GFCKNNQPU )QNF VNY GOCKNNKGTV FKG 5EJYGTVGT )QNF IGRT·IV WPF GKPIGUEJTCWDV CWH FGO 4CPF FGU WPVGTGP -TGW\CTOU 4KV\OCTMG 9 FGT (KTOC 9CIPGT KP $GTNKP OKV $TWUVDCPF KO YGIGP FGT 5EJYGTVGT PKEJV ICP\ RCUUGPFGP OKV IQNFHCTDGPGO /QPQITCOO 94 DGFTWEMVGP UEJYCT\GP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK $9- 1'- ++

9GKVGTG 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGP \WO -ÌPKINKEJGP -TQPGP 1TFGP HKPFGP 5KG KO &QMWOGPVGP 6GKNPCEJNC­ FGU 8K\G #FOKTCNU 5EJCEM FGT WPVGT &'765%*'5 4'+%* CPIGDQVGP YKTF -CV 0T DKU 111


DEUTSCHLAND

312 (1:1)

313 (1:1) 311 (1:1)

*QJGP\QNNGTP &GPMOÒP\G <YGK 'ZGORNCTG HÒT -QODCVVCPVGP $TQP\G QJPG $·PFGT OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DGHGUVKIV $9- 1'- ++ &KG 'ZGORNCTG UVCOOGP CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU

-ÌPKINKEJ 2TGW­KUEJGT 5V ,QJCPPKVGTQTFGP /KPKCVWT FGU 1TFGPUMTGW\GU #FNGT QJPG -TÌPEJGP )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I 5EJY·T\WPI FGT #FNGT VNY XGTICPIGP QJPG $·PFEJGP 444 ++ #PHGTVKIWPI CWU FGO \YGKVGP 3WCTVCN FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU

$CNNG[ $TCPFGPDWTI FGU 4KVVGTNKEJGP 1TFGPU 5V ,QJCPPKU XQO 5RKVCN \W ,GTWUCNGO ,QJCPPKVGTQT FGP #WUHÒJTWPI UGKV -TGW\ FGT 4GEJVUTKVVGT )QNF JQJN IGHGTVKIV WPF GOCKNNKGTV I OKP *CCTTKUUG WPF (NGEMEJGP CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FGU QDGTGP -TGW\CTOU CWH FGO 4CPF FGU WPVGTGP -TGW\CT OGU 4KV\OCTMG < FGU *GTUVGNNGTU <GJP KP $GTNKP CO CNVGP MQPHGMVKQPKGTVGP *CNUDCPF 1'- <- + ++

314 (1:1)

$CNNG[ $TCPFGPDWTI FGU 4KVVGTNKEJGP 1TFGPU 5V ,QJCPPKU XQO 5RKVCN \W ,GTWUCNGO ,QJCPPKVGTQT FGP #WUHÒJTWPI UGKV -TGW\ FGT 'JTGPTKVVGT )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I OKP (NGEMEJGP CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FGU TGEJVGP -TGW\CTOU 5EJY·T\WPI FGT #FNGT VNY XGTICPIGP QJPG *GTUVGNNGT -GPP\GKEJ PWPI CO PGWGP $CPFCDUEJPKVV 1'- <- + ++ 7PVGT 5%*9'&'0 DKGVGP YKT CD -CV 0T CWEJ GKPKIG +PUKIPKGP FGT UEJYGFKUEJGP )GPQUUGP UEJCHV FGU ,QJCPPKVGTQTFGPU CP FKG \YKUEJGP WPF OKV FGP +PUKIPKGP FGT $CNNGK $TCPFGP DWTI KFGPVKUEJ YCTGP

112


DEUTSCHLAND

315 (1:1)

#NNIGOGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP ++ -NCUUG /QFGNN OKV JGTCNFKUEJGT -ÌPKIUMTQPG ņ #WU HÒJTWPI OKV #M\GPV WPVGT FGO GTUVGP # XQP 56##6 ņ EC CO CNVGP $CPFUVÒEM HÒT .GDGPUTGVVWPI OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DGHGUVKIV $9- 1'- 444 + ++ &CU 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP EC WPF WPF YWTFG NCWV #PICDG CO ,CPWCT GTYQTDGP <WT 6[RKUKGTWPI FGU #NNIGOGKPGP 'JTGP\GKEJGPU UKGJG .QVJCT 6GYGU WPF 'NMG 6GYGU $CPPKEMG ,CJTG RTGW­K UEJG 'JTGP\GKEJGP 8GTFKGPUV WO FGP 5VCCV +P OQPG[VTGPF *GHV 5 WPF OQPG[VTGPF *GHV 5

316 318 (1:1) 317 (1:1)

#NNIGOGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP ++ -NCUUG /QFGNN OKV RTGW­KUEJGT -ÌPKIUMTQPG ņ CD #WUHÒJ TWPI ITÌ­GTGT #DUVCPF \YKUEJGP FGO & KP &'0 WPF FGO -TCP\ ņ CD OKV ,WDKN·WOU\CJN 5KNDGT CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF 4 ++ &KG #WHJ·PIWPI GPVURTKEJV GZCMV FGO DGK 0KOOGTIWV KP 0+ 5 0T CDIGDKNFGVGP 'ZGORNCT

¤NDGTI -TGW\ $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV GKP -TGW\CTO FGU /CNVGUGTMTGW\GU GVYCU HNGEMKI QJPG $CPF $9- 1'- 44 ++ &KGUG -TGW\ YGKUV FGWVNKEJG XQP CPFGTGP DGMCPPVGP 'ZGORNCTGP XGTUEJKGFGPG /GTMOCNG CWH <WP·EJUV KUV FKG XGTVK MCN CPIGDTCEJVG ¤UG KO )GIGPUCV\ \WT UQPUV ÒDNKEJGP JQTK\QPVCN CPIGDTCEJVGP CWHH·NNKI FKG FKTGMV OKV FGO /QPQ ITCOO FGT #WIWUVG 8KMVQTKC 5VKHVWPI XGTDWPFGP KUV &GU 9GKVGTGP YGKUV FCU 'ZGORNCT GKPG FGWVNKEJ CPFGTG (NKPMKG TWPI WPVGTJCND FGT TQVGP 'OCKNNG KO 8GTINGKEJ \W FGP UQPUV CPIGDQVGPGP 5VÒEMGP CWH &GT 'KPUEJPKVV FGU QDGTGP -TGW\CTOGU FGU /CNVGUGTMTGW\GU KUV MQTTGMV CWUIGHÒJTV WPF YGKUV PKEJV YKG DGK CPFGTGP 'ZGORNCTGP \YGK WPVGT UEJKGFNKEJ IGHQTOVG #TOURKV\GP CWH #DUEJNKG­GPF UGK CWH FKG 8GTYGPFWPI XQP $TQP\G \WT (GTVKIWPI FGU 5VÒEMGU JKPIGYKGUGP KO )GIGPUCV\ \W 5KNDGT DGK FGP UQPUV XQTMQOOGPFGP 'ZGORNCTGP #WHITWPF FKGUGT OCTMCPVGP 7PVGT UEJKGFG JCNVGP YKT FKGUGU 'ZGORNCT HÒT GKP \YGKHGNUHTGKGU OÌINKEJGTYGKUG UR·VGU F J CD 1TKIKPCN FKGUGT UGNVGPGP #WU\GKEJPWPI

-ÌPKINKEJ 2TGW­KUEJG /GFCKNNG \WT 'TKPPGTWPI C F *QEJUGNKIGP -CKUGT WPF -ÌPKI 9KNJGNO + FGP )TQ­GP /CLGUV·V UQIGP <GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG 4GFWMVKQP UQIGP 2TKP\GPITÌ­G &WTEJOGU UGT OO QJPG $CPF 4 ++

113


DEUTSCHLAND

319

321

320 (1:1)

322

323

/GFCKNNG \WO L·JTKIGP ,WDKN·WO FGT .GKR\KIGT 8ÌNMGTUEJNCEJV 'KUGP VNY NCEMKGTV

++

'KUGTPGU -TGW\ #WUICDG /KPKCVWT FGU 'KUGTPGP -TGW\GU ++ -NCUUG OKV 'KEJGPNCWDURCPIG XGTUKNDGTV VNY NCEMKGTV CP 'KPGT -PQRHUEJNGKHG OKV 6TCIGMPQRH ++

'KUGTPGU -TGW\ #WUICDG 'KUGTPGU -TGW\ + -NCUUG HNCEJG #WUHÒJTWPI 'KUGPMGTP IGUEJY·T\V 5KNDGT CP 0CFGN FKGUG OKV FGT DKUJGT PKEJV KFGPVKHK\KGTVGP *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G - # ) \WUCOOGP OKV <GKVWPIUCWUUEJPKVV OKV 8GTNGKJWPIUOGNFWPI KO QTKIKPCNGP UKNDGTHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK &C\W #WUYGKU FGU 4GUGTXG +PHCPVGTKG 4GIKOGPVU ÒDGT FKG CO ,WNK GTHQNIVG 8GTNGKJWPI HÒT FGP .GWVPCPV FGT 4GUGTXG 4WFQNH <UEJWEMG FCVKGTV CO 0QXGODGT YGPKIG 6CIG PCEJ FGO 9CHHGPUVKNNUVCPF OKV &KGPUVUKGIGN WPF 7PVGTUEJTKHV &C\W FCU $GUKV\ <GWIPKU \WO OCVVYGK­GP 8GT YWPFGVGP #D\GKEJGP FCVKGTV CO ,WPK WPF 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG \WO 'JTGPMTGW\ HÒT (TQPVM·OR HGT FCVKGTV CO #RTKN OKV FGO 'JTGP\GKEJGP DGKFG GDGPHCNNU HÒT <UEJWEMG &KG &QMWOGPVG GKP QFGT OGJTHCEJ IGHCNVGV GKPGU GVYCU GKPIGTKUUGP $9- 1'- ++ ++ +++ #O #WIWUV GTMN·TVG FCU &GWVUEJG 4GKEJ 4W­NCPF FGP -TKGI WPF CO FGU /QPCVU (TCPMTGKEJ &CTCWHJKP GTPGWGTVG -CKUGT 9KNJGNO ++ CNU -ÌPKI XQP 2TGW­GP CO #WIWUV FCU 'KUGTPG -TGW\ +P FGP HQNIGPFGP ,CJTGP GPVYKEMGNVG UKEJ FCU 'KUGTPG -TGW\ FG HCEVQ CWUFTÒEMNKEJ PKEJV FG LWTG \W GKPGT IGOGKPUCOGP -TKGIUCWU\GKEJPWPI FGT 5VCCVGP FGU &GWVUEJGP 4GKEJGU YKGYQJN FKG 8GTNGKJWPIUKPKVKCVKXG IGPGTGNN DGK 2TGW­GP XGTDNKGD

'KUGTPGU -TGW\ #WUICDG 'KUGTPGU -TGW\ + -NCUUG HNCEJG #WUHÒJTWPI 'KUGPMGTP IGUEJY·T\V 5KNDGT CP 0CFGN FKGUG OKV *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G ) FGT (KTOC )NCUGT 5QJP KP &TGUFGP KO QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP DTCWPNGFGTPGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK OKV DGUEJTKHVGVGO ªDGTMCTVQP OKV JCPFUEJTKHVNK EJGO 8GTNGKJWPIUFCVWO $9- 1'- ++

'KUGTPGU -TGW\ #WUICDG 'KUGTPGU -TGW\ + -NCUUG HNCEJG #WUHÒJTWPI 'KUGPMGTP IGUEJY·T\V 5KNDGT CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG WPVGTJCND FGU 0CFGNJCMGPU *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G (T FGT (KTOC (TKGFN·PFGT KP $GTNKP CP 0CFGN $9- 1'- ++

324

325

326

'KUGTPGU -TGW\ #WUICDG 'KUGTPGU -TGW\ + -NCUUG HNCEJG #WUHÒJTWPI 'KUGPMGTP IGUEJY·T\V 5KNDGT CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG WPVGTJCND FGU 0CFGNJCMGPU *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G -1 CP 0CFGN $9- 1'- ++ #P FGT DKUJGT VTCFKGTVGP <WUEJTGKDWPI FGT 2WP\G -1 HÒT FCU -ÌPKINKEJG /ÒP\COV KP $GTNKP UKPF KP LÒPIUVGT <GKV XGTUEJKGFGPGP 1TVU <YGKHGN CWHIGMQOOGP

327

114

'KUGTPGU -TGW\ #WUICDG 'KUGTPGU -TGW\ + -NCUUG HNCEJG #WUHÒJTWPI 'KUGPMGTP IGUEJY·T\V 5KNDGT CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG )TCXWT 51//' 1-6 TGEJVU FGU 0CFGNJCMGPU *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G 95 FGT (KTOC , 9CIPGT 5QJP KP $GTNKP CP 0CFGN \WUCOOGP OKV #PUVGEMPCFGN KO QTKIKPCNGP FWPMGNDTCWP NGFGTPGP WPF IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK $9- 1'- + ++

'KUGTPGU -TGW\ #WUICDG 'KUGTPGU -TGW\ + -NCUUG HNCEJG #WUHÒJTWPI 'KUGPMGTP IGUEJY·T\V 5KNDGT CP 0CFGN FKGUG OKV *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G 5 9 FGT (KTOC 5[ 9CIPGT KP $GTNKP \WUCOOGP OKV #PUVGEMPCFGN KO QTKIKPCNGP FWPMGNDTCWP NGFGTPGP WPF IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK $9- 1'- ++

'KUGTPGU -TGW\ #WUICDG 'KUGTPGU -TGW\ + -NCUUG OGJTVGKNKIG 0CEJHGTVKIWPI \YKUEJGP WPF HNCEJG #WUHÒJTWPI 'KUGPMGTP IGUEJY·T\V <CTIG XGTUKNDGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGT RWP\G . OWVOC­NKEJ FGT (KTOC 5EJCWGTVG *QJHGNF KP .ÒFGPUEJGKF OKV (KZKGT &QTP WPF CP 5EJTCWDUEJGKDG $9- XCT 1'- ++


DEUTSCHLAND

330

329

328

331

'KUGTPGU -TGW\ #WUICDG 'KUGTPGU -TGW\ + -NCUUG OGJTVGKNKIG <YGKV #P QFGT 0CEJHGTVKIWPI NGKEJV IGYÌNDVG #WUHÒJTWPI 'KUGPMGTP IGUEJY·T\V <CTIG XGTUKNDGTV CP 5EJTCWDG OKV 7PVGTNGIUEJGKDG WPF 5EJTCWDUEJGKDG $9- XCT 1'- ++

'KUGTPGU -TGW\ #WUICDG 'KUGTPGU -TGW\ + -NCUUG OGJTVGKNKIG <YGKV #P QFGT 0CEJHGTVKIWPI IGYÌNDVG #WUHÒJTWPI 'KUGPMGTP IGUEJY·T\V <CTIG XGTUKNDGTV OKV 7PVGTNGIUEJGKDG CP 5EJTCWDUEJGKDG $9- XCT 1'- ++

'KUGTPGU -TGW\ #WUICDG 'KUGTPGU -TGW\ + -NCUUG OGJTVGKNKIG <YGKV #P QFGT 0CEJHGTVKIWPI IGYÌNDVG #WUHÒJTWPI 'KUGPMGTP IGUEJY·T\V 5KNDGT CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG 5KNDGTRWP\G CP 5EJTCWDG OKV )GIGPMTGW\ 5KNDGT FKGUGU GDGPHCNNU OKV 5KNDGTRWP\G OKV 5EJTCWDUEJGKDG FKGUG OKV $G\GKEJ PWPI & 4 ) / 5KNDGTRWP\G WPF *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G 2/ FGT (KTOC 2CWN /G[DCWGT KP $GTNKP $9- XCT 1'- ++

'KUGTPGU -TGW\ #WUICDG 'KUGTPGU -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG 'KUGPMGTP IGUEJY·T\V 5KNDGT KO $CPFTKPI *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G - OKV QTKIKPCNGO $TWUVDCPF HÒT -·ORHGT KO CNVGP 1TKIKPCNGVWK OKV &TWEMMPQRH 8GTUEJNW­ $9- 1'- ++ 'KUGTPG -TGW\G ++ -NCUUG KO 'VWK UKPF PKEJV J·WHKI \W HKPFGP

332

333

334 (1:1)

335

'KUGTPGU -TGW\ #WUICDG 4GFWMVKQP FGU -TGW\GU ++ -NCUUG UQIGP 2TKP\GPITÌ­G Z OO 'KUGPMGTP IGUEJY·T\V <CTIG XGTUKNDGTV CO UEJOCNGP $TWUVDCPF ++

2CVTKQVKUEJGU #D\GKEJGP CWU FGO 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGI /KV /KPKCVWT FGU 'KUGTPGP -TGW\GU $WPVOGVCNN XGTUKNDGTV VNY GOCKNNKGTV UGJT SWCNKV·VUXQNN IGCTDGKVGV CP CNVGT 2GPVCIQPCN $CPFURCPIG KP FGP DTCWP UEJYGKIKUEJGP (CTDGP ++

2CVTKQVKUEJG $TQUEJG CWU FGO 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGI &WTEJOGUUGT OO OKV /KPKCVWT FGU 'KUGTPGP -TGW\GU $WPVOGVCNN XGTUKNDGTV VNY GOCKNNKGTV UGJT SWCNKV·VUXQNN IGCTDGKVGV OKV UGRCTCV CWHIGNÌVGVGP 'KEJGPNCWD $N·VVEJGP CP 0CFGN ++

-TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G #WUICDG UQIGP 2CTKUGT 2T·IWPI OKV TWPFGP -TGW\CTO 'PFGP CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG )GUEJÒV\DTQP\G OKV 4CPFRT·IWPI #75 '41$'46'/ )'5%*76< CO CNVGP $CPF OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DG HGUVKIV $9- 1'- ++ &CU 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP EC WPF $G\ÒINKEJ FGT *GT MWPHV FGU 5VÒEMU KUV HQNIGPFG #PICDG \W NGUGP XQP $TWF 9KNJGNO IGVT 8QP FGT *G[FG PKOOV FKGUG 'KPQTFPWPI

#WUICDG OKV TWPFGP -TGW\CTO 'PFGP WPF #WUICDG OKV IGTCFNKPKIGP -TGW\CTO 'PFGP CWHITWPF FGU 7OUVCP FGU XQT FC­ GU XQP FGP GTUVGTGP MGKPG #WUICDG HÒT IKDV UKG CNUQ XQT JGTIGUVGNNV YQTFGP UGKP OÒUUVGP 8IN *G[FG *GKMQ XQP FGT &KG RTGW­KUEJGP -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\GP +P +0(1 ,I 0T /ÒPEJGP 5 HH

115


DEUTSCHLAND

338 337

336

-TKGIUFGPMOÃ’P\G #WUICDG UQIGP $GTNKPGT 2T·IWPI OKV IGTCFNKPKIGP -TGW\CTO 'PFGP CWH FGT 4Ã’EMUGKVG )GUEJÃ’V\DTQP\G OKV 4CPFRT·IWPI #75 '41$'46'/ )'5%*76< CO CNVGP $CPF KO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DGHGUVKIV $9- 1'- ++ &CU 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP EC WPF

-TKGIUFGPMOÃ’P\G #WUICDG UQIGP $GTNKPGT 2T·IWPI OKV IGTCFNKPKIGP -TGW\CTO 'PFGP CWH FGT 4Ã’EMUGKVG )GUEJÃ’V\DTQP\G OKV 4CPFRT·IWPI #75 '41$'46'/ )'5%*76< CO CNVGP $CPF KO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP $9- 1'- ++ &CU 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP EC WPF

339 340

-TKGIUFGPMOÃ’P\G HÃ’T 0KEJVM·ORHGT 'KUGP IGUEJY·T\V CO CNVGP 1TKIKPCNDCPF CO CNVGP $CPF OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DGHGUVKIV $9- 1'- ++ &CU 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP EC WPF

0GWHEJ³VGNGT 'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG 5KNDGT QJPG $CPF OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DGHGUVKIV $9- 1'- + 'ZGORNCT KP UGNVGP IWVGT 'TJCNVWPI 'U UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGT /KVVG FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU WPF YWTFG NCWV #PICDG KO #WIWUV KP (TCPMHWTV GTYQTDGP

-TKGIUFGPMOÃ’P\G <YGK 'ZGORNCTG FGT &GPMOÃ’P\G HÃ’T -·ORHG LGYGKNU $TQP\G OKV GKPHC EJGT YQJN TGUVCWTKGTVGT ¤UG WPF 4CPFKPUEJTKHV #75 '41$'46'/ )'5%*7'6< CO CNVGP $CPF OKV MCPPGNKGTVGT ¤UG LGFQEJ QJPG 4CPFKPUEJTKHV \WUCOOGP OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKI VGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DGHGUVKIV $9- 1'- ++ &KG 'ZGORNCTG UVCOOGP CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU WPF YWTFGP NCWV #PICDG CO (GDTWCT GTYQTDGP

116


DEUTSCHLAND

342

341

Erinnerungskreuz "Treuen Kriegern 1866". 1HHK\KGNNG #WUICDG $TQP\G CO CNVGP 1TKIKPCNDCPF OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DG HGUVKIV $9- 1'- + ++ &CU 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP EC WPF WPF YWTFG NCWV #PICDG CO 5GRVGODGT XQP GKPGO *GTTP *QHUCWGT GTYQTDGP

/GFCKNNG OGKUV CNU -TGW\ DG\GKEJPGV HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FCU /KNKV·T $TKGHVCWDGPYGUGP 'KUGP GVYCU CPIGNCWHGP WPF MQTTQFKGTV CO OÌINKEJGTYGKUG GTI·P\VGP $CPFTKPI QJPG $CPF $9- *2 0/ 1'- ++ .CWV *ÒUMGP KP *2 5 WPF 0KOOGTIWV KP 0+ 5 KUV FKGUG /GFCKNNG FKG CWHITWPF KJTGT )GUVCNVWPI OGKUV CNU -TGW\ DG\GKEJPGV YKTF CO &G\GODGT FWTEJ FCU -IN 2TGW­KUEJG -TKGIUOKPKUVGTKWO IGUVKHVGV YQTFGP &GOIGIGPÒDGT KUV CP\WOGTMGP FCU GU UKEJ UQOKV JKGTDGK WO GKPG #WU\GKEJPWPI FGU -ÌPKITGKEJU 2TGW­GP JCPFGNP OW­ WPF PKEJV WO GKPG FGU &GWVUEJGP 4GKEJGU #WEJ FGT %JCTCMVGT GKPGT UVCCVNKEJGP #WU\GKEJPWPI KUV KP (TCIG \W UVGNNGP FGPP DKU \WO 'PFG FGT /QPCTEJKG YCT KP 2TGW­GP CNNGKP FGT -ÌPKI CNU 5QWXGT·P WPF HQPU JQPQTKU =3WGNNG FGT 'JTG? DGTGEJVKIV UVCCVNKEJG 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP URTKEJ #WU\GKEJPWPIGP \W UVKHVGP QFGT FKG )GPGJOKIWPI \W GKPGT 5VKHVWPI \W GTVGKNGP 8QP GKPGT UQNEJGP )GPGJOKIWPI 9KNJGNOU ++ KUV DKUJGT PKEJVU DGMCPPV IGYQTFGP UQ FC­ OCP JKGT PWT XQP GKPGT #WU\GKEJPWPI FGU 2TGW­KUEJGP -TKGIUOKPKUVGTKWOU URTGEJGP MCPP ªDGT GKPGP GPVURTG EJGPFGP %JCTCMVGT XGTHÒIV JGWVG \ $ FCU .GKUVWPIUCD\GKEJGP FGT $WPFGUYGJT .CWV *GUUGPVJCN WPF 5EJTGKDGT KP *5 5 JCV FKG 2TGW­KUEJG 5VCCVUOÒP\G KP $GTNKP DKU 1MVQDGT KPUIGUCOV 'ZGORNCTG PCEJ GKPGO 'PV YWTH FGU 'TUVGP /ÒP\OGFCKNNGWTU 2TQH 2CWN 5VWTO CPIGHGTVKIV XQP FGPGP NCWV *GUUGPVJCN WPF 5EJTGKDGT KP *5 5 WPF *ÒUMGP KP *2 5 KPUIGUCOV WPF NCWV 0KOOGTIWV KP 0+ 5 LGYGKNU QJPG #PICDG GKPGT 3WGNNG XGTNKGJGP YQTFGP UGKP UQNNGP

'KP $GUKV\\GWIPKU \WO &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPIU -TGW\ HÒT L·JTKIG /KNKV·TFKGPUV\GKV HKPFGP 5KG KO &QMWOGPVGP 6GKNPCEJNC­ FGU 8K\G #FOKTCNU 5EJCEM FGT WPVGT &'765%*'5 4'+%* CPIGDQVGP YKTF -CV 0T

345

343

344

345

/GFCKNNG FGU 4QVGP -TGW\GU /GTUGDWTI HÒT VTGWG #TDGKV 'KUGP OKV 4QUVHNGEMGP QJPG $CPF 4 ++

8GTFKGPUV $TQUEJG FGU 8GTDCPFUXQTUVCPFGU $TCPFGPDWTI FGU 8CVGTN·PFKUEJGP (TCWGPXGTGKPU HÒT VTGWG *KNHG KP UEJYGTGT -TKGIU\GKV &WTEJOGUUGT OO XGTUKNDGTV DTQUEJKGTV ++

#D\GKEJGP \WO +++ 2TGKU FGU 4CFHCJT 8GTGKPU #NN *GKN KP .GGT 1UVHTKGUNCPF HÒT 'TUVHCJTGP CO 5GRVGODGT 8GTUKNDGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG ITCXKGTV 'TUVHCJTGP +: CP 6TCIG URCPIG #WMVKQP %JTKUVKCP /QJT XQO DKU 0T 4 ++ 5GJT FGMQTCVKXGU #D\GKEJGP

117


DEUTSCHLAND

346 (1:3)

'KP\GNPG 'RCWNGVVG GKPGU /CLQTU FGU 4JGKPKUEJGP &TCIQPGT 4GIKOGPVU (TGKJGTT XQP /CPVGWHHGN 0T #WU TQVGO 6WEJ OKV $QTVG KP FGP RTGW­KUEJGP (CTDGP MWRHGTHCTDGPGO *CNDOQPF CWHIGNGIVGT WPF UKNDGTHCTDGPGP -CPVKNNGP ++

347 (1:3)

24'755'0 -¤0+)4'+%* 74-70&'0 70& &1-7/'06'

-ÌPKINKEJ 2TGW­KUEJGT #FGNUDTKGH HÒT 6JGQFQT )QVVJKNH XQP 1UVGTTQVJ (QTOCV Z EO 5GKVGP 2GTICOGPV KP MCNNKITCRJKUEJGT *CPFUEJTKHV OKV RQN[EJTQOGT 9CRRGP\GKEJPWPI FCVKGTV $GTNKP CO ,CPWCT OKV 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV -ÌPKI 9KNJGNOU + KP &QMWOGPVGPOCRRG KP DQTFGCWZTQVGO 5COV VNY IQNFHCTDGP IGRT·IV OKV IQNFHCTDGP IGRT·IVGO RTGW­KUEJGP #FNGT OKV CPJ·PIGPFGT 5KGIGN MCRUGN KP 5KNDGT QJPG -CRUGNFGEMGN OKV FGP UKNDGTPGP -QTFGNSWCUVGP OKV KPNKGIGPFGO ITQ­GP RTGW­K UEJGP /CLGUV·VU 5KGIGN KP TQVGO 5KGIGNNCEM IGURTWPIGP 44 ++ 2TGW­KUEJG #FGNUDTKGHG UKPF XQP ITQ­GT 5GNVGPJGKV

118


DEUTSCHLAND

349 (1:1)

348 (1:1)

4'755 <7 5%*.'+< $+5 $<9 4'755 ,ª0)'4' .+0+' (ª456'067/

'TKPPGTWPIU\GKEJGP \WO 5KNDGTPGP 'JGLWDKN·WO #D\GKEJGP HÒT HÒTUVNKEJG )·UVG 5VGEMCD\GK EJGP 5KNDGT CP 0CFGN +O QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC $WT[ WPF .GQPJCTF KP *CPCW $9- 1'- 44 ++ 'TKPPGTWPIU\GKEJGP \WO 5KNDGTPGP 'JGLWDKN·WO #D\GKEJGP HÒT &COGP #WUHÒJTWPI OKV GOCKN NKGTVGT -TQPG 5KNDGT VNY GOCKNNKGTV CP FGT QTKIKPCNGP &COGPUEJNGKHG $9- 1'- 4 ++ <WO 7PVGTUEJKGF FGT #D\GKEJGP \YKUEJGP GOCKNNKGTVGT WPF PKEJV GOCKNNKGTVGT -TQPG NKGIGP WPU DKUJGT MGKPG 'TMGPPV PKUUG XQT #WEJ 0KOOGTIWV OCEJV KP 0+ 5 HH MGKPG FKGUDG\ÒINKEJGP #PICDGP 8QIV DKNFGV KP 845 5 GKP PCJG\W KFGPVKUEJGU 5VÒEM CD

350 (1:1)

5#%*5'0 -74(ª456'067/ $+5 70& -¤0+)4'+%*

-ÌPKINKEJ 5·EJUKUEJGT *CWU 1TFGP FGT 4CWVGPMTQPG -NGKPQF #WUHÒJTWPI )QNF VNY HGKPUV ITCXKGTV WPF \KUGNKGTV GOCKNNKGTV I QJPG 5EJWNVGTDCPF $9- 1'- 9$ 4 + ++ 5GJT UEJÌPGU 'ZGORNCT FGT WPF NGV\VGP #WUHÒJTWPI KP VCFGNNQUGT 'TJCNVWPI

119


DEUTSCHLAND

351 (1:1)

-ÌPKINKEJ 5·EJUKUEJGT /KNKV·T 5V *GKPTKEJU 1TFGP #NVG /WUGWOUCPHGTVKIWPI CWU FGP GT ,CJ TGP =QNF OWUGWO OCPWHCEVWTKPIU? GKPGU -QOOCPFGWTU 5GVU DGUVGJGPF CWU -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV I HGKPUVG 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK CO CNVGP *CNUDCPF #DUEJPKVV WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV I HGKPUVG 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK CP 0CFGN FKGUG OKV 5KNDGTUVGORGN 444 + ++ 5GNVGPG )GNGIGPJGKV \WO 'TYGTD JGTXQTTCIGPFGT QHHK\KGNNGT /WUGWOUCPHGTVKIWPIGP CNU 'TUCV\ HÒT PWT UGJT UEJYGT DGUEJCHHDCTG 1TKIKPCNGZGORNCTG 9GDGT #TPQNF WPF -GKN DKNFGP KP 9$ 5 #DD WPF WPF 5 #DD XQNNMQOOGP KFGPVKUEJG 5VÒEMG CD WPF UEJTGKDGP \WO -QOVWTMTGW\ FC­ GU UKEJ DGK FGO KP 2TKXCVDGUKV\ DGHKPFNKEJGP 'ZGORNCT WO GKPG #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC 1UCPI KP &TGUFGP JCPFGNG WPF \WO $TWUVUVGTP FC­ GU UKEJ DGK FKGUGO 'ZGORNCT CWU FGO /WUGWO CO *QJGP 7HGT KP *CPPQXGT GDGPHCNNU WO GKPG #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC 1UCPI JCPFGNG CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP WPF 0GWGP (QTUEJWPIGP XQP &KGVGT 9GDGT &TGUFGP \W (QNIG JCDGP GTIGDGP FC­ FKGUG #WUUCIG \W YKFGTTWHGP KUV FC FKG (KTOC 1UCPI NCWV #MVGPNCIG Y·JTGPF FGU 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIGU ICT MGKPG -QOVWTMTGW\G FGU /KNKV·T 5V *GKPTKEJU 1TFGPU JGTIGUVGNNV JCV WPF CWEJ MGKPG \WIGJÌTKIGP $TWUVUVGTPG 9GKVGTG 0CEJHQTUEJWPIGP UQ 9GDGT JCDGP GTIG DGP FC­ PCEJ FGT /CEJVÒDGTPCJOG FWTEJ FKG 0CVKQPCNUQ\KCNKUVGP KO ,CJTG UGKVGPU GKPGU /KPKUVGTKWOU KP $GTNKP FGT #WHVTCI GTVGKNV YWTFG EC XQNNUV·PFKIG QTKIKPCNIGVTGWG 5·V\G FGT +PUKIPKGP FGU /KNKV·T 5V *GKPTKEJU 1TFGPU JGTUVGNNGP \W NCUUGP 9GNEJGU /KPKUVGTKWO JKGTHÒT XGTCPVYQTVNKEJ \GKEJPGVG YCT NGKFGT PKEJV KP 'THCJTWPI \W DTKPIGP #WHITWPF FGT 7OUV·PFG MQOOGP JKGTHÒT KP $GVTCEJV FCU /KPKUVGTKWO FGU +PPGTP FCU 4GKEJUYGJT /KPKUVG TKWO FCU /KPKUVGTKWO HÒT 8QNMUCWHMN·TWPI WPF 2TQRCICPFC QFGT FCU /KPKUVGTKWO HÒT 9KUUGPUEJCHV 'T\KGJWPI WPF 8QNMUDKNFWPI #NU *GTUVGNNGT FGT 5VÒEMG FCTH YQJN FKG (KTOC ,WPEMGT KP $GTNKP KP $GVTCEJV IG\QIGP YGTFGP 0CEJ (GTVKIUVGNNWPI YWTFGP FKGUG 5·V\G FTGK­KI /WUGGP KO ICP\GP &GWVUEJGP 4GKEJ HÒT #WUUVGNNWPIU\YGEMG \WT 8GTHÒIWPI IGUVGNNV 5Q IGNCPIVG CWEJ FCU /WUGWO CO *QJGP 7HGT KP *CPPQXGT KP FGP $GUKV\ FKGUGT 1TFGPUKPUKIPKGP YQ UKG UKEJ CWEJ JGWVG PQEJ DGHKPFGP YKG DGK 9GDGT #TPQNF WPF -GKN PCEJ\WNGUGP KUV

120


DEUTSCHLAND *GTCWU\WHKPFGP YGNEJG /WUGGP FKGUG +PUKIPKGP 5·V\G GTJCNVGP JCDGP DNGKDV PQEJ YGKVGTGP KPVGPUKXGP (QTUEJWPIGP XQTDGJCNVGP 9QJN KO <WUCOOGPJCPI OKV FGP 9KTTGP IGIGP 'PFG FGU <YGKVGP 9GNVMTKGIGU KP &GWVUEJNCPF FÒTHVGP FGP /WUGGP FCPP YQJN GKPG 4GKJG UQNEJGT +PUKIPKGP CDJCPFGP IGMQOOGP UGKP *GTTP &KGVGT 9GDGT &TGUFGP UGK CP FKGUGT 5VGNNG TGEJV JGT\NKEJ HÒT FKG ªDGTNCUUWPI UGKPGT (QTUEJWPIUGTIGDPKUUG IGFCPMV 'TY·JPGPUYGTV KUV KP FKGUGO <WUCOOGPJCPI CWEJ FKG 'ZKUVGP\ XQP +PUKIPKGP FGU DCFKUEJGP /KNKV·TKUEJGP -CTN (TKGFTKEJ 8GTFKGPUVQTFGPU OKV FGT 5KNDGTRWP\G FKG JGTUVGNNWPIUVGEJPKUEJ ITQ­G JPNKEJMGKVGP OKV FGP U·EJUK UEJGP +PUKIPKGP CWHYGKUGP CNUQ OWVOC­NKEJ CWU FGT INGKEJGP 9GTMUVCVV UVCOOGP FÒTHVGP &KGU YKTHV PCVÒTNKEJ FKG (TCIG CWH QD CWEJ XQP FGP CPFGTGP 6CRHGTMGKVUQTFGP FGWVUEJGT $WPFGUUVCCVGP UQ GDGP XQO DCFKUEJGP QFGT CWEJ XQO DC[GTKUEJGP /KNKV·T /CZ ,QUGRJ 1TFGP QFGT XQO YÒTVVGODGTIKUEJGP /KNKV·T 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP KP FKGUGO <W UCOOGPJCPI +PUKIPKGP \W #WUUVGNNWPIU\YGEMGP JGTIGUVGNNV YQTFGP UKPF &KGU YÒTFG FWTEJCWU GKPGP 5KPP GTIGDGP YGPP OCP KP $GVTCEJV \KGJV FC­ GU FGO PGWGP 4GIKOG UGJT FCTCP IGNGIGP YCT FKG OKNKV·TKUEJG )TÌ­G FGU FGWVUEJGP *GGTGU WPF UGKPGT (ÒJTGT Y·JTGPF FGU 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIGU RTQRCICP FKUVKUEJ FCT\WUVGNNGP WO FGP $QFGP HÒT GKPG UR·VGTG /KNKVCTKUKGTWPI FGT FGWVUEJGP )GUGNNUEJCHV \W DGTGKVGP

354 (1:1) 355 (1:1) 352 (1:1)

356 (1:1) 353

-ÌPKINKEJ 5·EJUKUEJGT #NDTGEJVUQTFGP /QFGNN ņ OKV FGO 2QTVTCKV XQP *GT\QI #NDTGEJV +++ FGO $GJGT\VGP #WUHÒJTWPI ņ #WUHÒJTWPI KP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV OKV UGRCTCVGP /G FCKNNQP 4KPIGP 4KVVGTMTGW\ -NCUUG #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC 5EJCTHHGPDGTI KP &TGUFGP 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV 9CRRGP WPF -TQPG FGU 4GXGTU /GFCKNNQP U GKPVGKNKI OGJTHCEJ IGEJKRV CWH #XGTU WPF 4GXGTU CWH FGO 4CPF FGU WPVGTGP -TGW\CTOU RWP\KGTV 5 HÒT 5KNDGT GVYCU XGTUEJOWV\V QJPG $CPF $9- )$ 1'- +++ -ÌPKINKEJ 5·EJUKUEJGT #NDTGEJVUQTFGP OKV 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG /QFGNN OKV FGO 2QTVTCKV XQP *GT\QI #NDTGEJV +++ FGO $GJGT\VGP ņ #WUHÒJTWPI #WUHÒJTWPI KP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV OKV GKPVGKNKIGP /GFCKNNQP (GNFGTP ņ 4KVVGTMTGW\ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP #WUHÒJTWPI OKV GKPUGKVKI IGRT·IVGP 5EJYGTVGTP #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC 5EJCTHHGPDGTI KP &TGUFGP 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV 9CRRGP WPF -TQPG FGU 4GXGTU /GFCKNNQPU GKPVGKNKI CWH FGO #XGTU FGU WPVGTGP -TGW\CTOU 'OCKNNG %JKR CWH FGUUGP 4CPF 2WP\G 5 HÒT 5KNDGT OKV MWT\GO CNVGP $CPFUVÒEM KO QTKIK PCNGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK OKV TQUC 'KPNCIG #WH FGO $QFGP FTGK *GTUVGNNGT 'VKMGV VGP XQP % ' -WPCVJ ) # 5EJCTHHGPDGTI WPF 4 1GUVGTTGKEJ LGYGKNU KP &TGUFGP <WUCOOGP OKV FGT 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG HÒT FGP .GWVPCPV FGT 4GUGTXG -CTN 6CRRG FCVKGTV CO /·T\ OKV 2T·IGUKG IGN WPF 7PVGTUEJTKHVGPUVGORGNP FQRRGNV IGHCNVGV WPF IGNQEJV &C\W GKP 5EJWNVGTUVÒEM GKPGU .GWVPCPVU FGU MÌPKINKEJ U·EJUKUEJGP +PHCPVGTKG 4GIKOGPVU 0T $9- )$ 1'- ++ -CTN 6CRRG YCT .GWVPCPV FGT 4GUGTXG KO MÌPKINKEJ U·EJUKUEJGP +PHCPVGTKG 4GIKOGPVU 0T FCU KO ,WNK DGK 5KUUQPG KO &¾RCTVGOGPV #KUPG KP FGT 2KECTFKG KP 0QTFHTCPMTGKEJ XQP FGT +PHCPVGTKG &KXKUKQP CWU 6GKNGP FGT +PHCPVGTKG 4GIKOGPVGT WPF FGO 5EJÒV\GP 4GIKOGPV CWHIGUVGNNV YWTFG 4GIKOGPVU -QOOCPFGWT YCT 1DGTUVNGWVPCPV 4QVJG

-ÌPKINKEJ 5·EJUKUEJGT #NDTGEJVUQTFGP /QFGNN ņ OKV FGO 2QTVTCKV XQP *GT\QI #NDTGEJV +++ FGO $GJGT\VGP #WUHÒJTWPI /KPKCVWT GKPGU 4KVVGTMTGW\GU -NCUUG 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO CNVGP 1TKIKPCND·PFEJGP + ++

'TKPPGTWPIUMTGW\ HÒT FKG ,CJTG $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF VNY GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP VNY XGTH·TDVGP &TGKGEMUDCPF $9- 1'- ++

5·EJUKUEJG 1HHK\KGTU (GNFDKPFG /KV (GNFDKPFGUEJNQ­ OKV /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI #NDGTVU XQP 5CEJUGP TGI XQP DKU XGTIQNFGV 'KPJ·PIG /GVCNNUEJNCWHG HGJNV ++

121


DEUTSCHLAND

357

-QPXQNWV XQP EC UGEJU XGTUEJKGFGPGP U·EJUKUEJGP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP 6TCIDCT WPF PKEJV VTCIDCT W C 'TKPPGTWPIUMTGW\ HÒT FKG ,CJTG WPF 'JTGPMTGW\ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJG /GVCNNG CWEJ 5KNDGT GKPG VNY GOCKNNKGTV \YGK OKV $·PFGTP GKPG DTQUEJKGTV KP FWTEJYGI QTFGPVNKEJGP 'TJCNVWPIGP ++

358 (1:1)

359

5#%*5'0 9'+/#4 '+5'0#%* $+5 *'4<1)67/ $+5 70& )4155*'4<1)67/

8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG /QFGNN OKV FGO 2QTVTCKV XQP )TQ­JGT\QI %CTN (TKGFTKEJ ņ 5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG 5KNDGT ¤UG OKV \WU·V\NKEJGO 5VGI CPIGDTCEJV QJPG $CPF OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DGHGUVKIV $9- (49 1'- 444 ++ &CU 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP EC WPF WPF YWTFG NCWV #PICDG CO /CK GTYQTDGP .CWV *GUUGPVJCN WPF 5EJTGKDGT KP *5 5 YWTFGP PWT 5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNGP IGRT·IV FKG CDGT PKEJV CNNG \WT 8GTNGKJWPI IGNCPIVGP &GT 4GUV YWTFG GKPIGUEJOQN\GP (TKVUEJG DG\GKEJPGV KP (49 5 #DD FKGUG #TV FGT 6TCIDCTOCEJWPI CNU PCEJVT·INKEJ CPIGDTCEJVG *GPMGNWPI &KGUGT +PVGTRTGVCVKQP MÌPPGP YKT CWHITWPF FGU JKGT XQTNKGIGPFGP 5VÒEMGU PKEJV \WUVKOOGP 8KGNOGJT GTUEJGKPV GU UQ FC­ FKGUG #TV FGT *GPMGNWPI FKG HTÒJGTG URTKEJ ·NVGTG #TV \W UGKP UEJGKPV FKG KP ·JPNKEJGT 9GKUG CWEJ DGK /GFCKNNGP CPFGTGT FGWVUEJGT 5VCCVGP \ $ KP $CFGP CWU FGT GTUVGP *·NHVG FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU DGMCPPV KUV &GUJCND GTCEJVGP YKT FCU JKGT CPIGDQVGPG QJPGJKP GZVTGO UGN VGPG 'ZGORNCT CNU GKPGU OKV QTKIKPCNGT WPF PKEJV UR·VGT JKP\WIGHÒIVGT *GPMGNWPI

/KNKV·T 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG 6TGWGP -TKGIGTP $TQP\GOGFCKNNG $TQP\G CO CNVGP $CPFUVÒEM OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DG HGUVKIV $9- (49 1'- ++ &CU 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP EC WPF

122


DEUTSCHLAND

360 (1:3)

361 (1:1)

'KP\GNPG 'RCWNGVVG GKPGU .GWVPCPVU FGU 6JÒTKPIKUEJGP +PHCPVGTKG 4GIKOGPVU )TQ­JGT\QI XQP 5CEJUGP 0T #WU TQVGO 6WEJ OKV $QTVG KP FGP RTGW­KUEJGP (CTDGP MWRHGTHCTDGPGO *CNDOQPF WPF IGMTÌPVGT /QPQITCOOCWHNCIG %# ++ #WU FGO $GUKV\ XQP /CLQT C & 1UYCNF XQP FGO *CIGP 5GKPG ITQ­G 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG DKGVGP YKT WPVGT -CV 0T CP

5 %*5+5%*' *'4<1)6ª/'4 )'/'+05#/

*GT\QINKEJ 5CEJUGP 'TPGUVKPKUEJGT *CWUQTFGP /QFGNN OKV $WEJUVCDGP CWH FGO QDGTGP -TGW\CTO ņ #WUICDG HÒT 5CEJUGP %QDWTI WPF )QVJC OKV $WEJUVCDGP ' 4GFWMVKQP GKPGU 4KVVGT MTGW\GU ++ -NCUUG UKE #WUICDG OKV 'KEJGPMTCP\ HÒT +PN·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

362

363 (1:1)

*GT\QINKEJ 5CEJUGP 'TPGUVKPKUEJGT *CWUQTFGP /QFGNN -QOVWTMTGW\ #PHGTVKIWPI \YKUEJGP EC WPF 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV OKP MCWO UKEJVDCTG #DRNCV\WPIGP KP FGT ITÒPGP 'OCKNNG XQP #XGTU WPF 4GXGTU QJPG *CNUDCPF $9- 1'- ++

*GT\QINKEJ 5CEJUGP 'TPGUVKPKUEJGT *CWUQTFGP /QFGNN 4KVVGTMTGW\ + -NCUUG )QNF VNY ITCXKGTV \KUGNKGTV WPF RQNKGTV GOCKNNKGTV OKP %JKRU KO /GFCKNNQP CO QTKIKPCNGP $CPF KO QTKIK PCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK OKV JGT\QINKEJGO 9CRRGP WPF 1TFGPUFGXKUG OKV FGWVNKEJGP )GDTCWEJUURWTGP $9- 1'- ++

'KPG 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG \WO 4KVVGTMTGW\ ++ -NCUUG FGU *GT\QINKEJ 5CEJUGP 'TPGUVKPKUEJGP *CWUQT FGPU HKPFGP 5KG KO 6GKNPCEJNC­ FGU -CKUGTNKEJGP /CTKPG 5VCDUCT\VGU &T 4QDGTV $TÒIIGOCPP FGT WPVGT &'765%*'5 4'+%* CPIGDQVGP YKTF -CV 0T 123


DEUTSCHLAND

364

365

5#%*5'0 %1$74) 70& )16*# *'4<1)67/

*QEJ\GKVU 'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG 5KNDGT OKV 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT 5KIPCVWT /CZ X -C YCE\[PUMK P F .GDGP 5 CP QTKIKPCNGT &COGPUEJNGKHG $9- 1'- ++ 0KEJV J·WHKI OKV FGT QTKIKPCNGP &COGPUEJNGKHG \W HKPFGP

'TKPPGTWPIUCD\GKEJGP FGT 5EJÒV\GP %QORCIPKG \W )QVJC Z OO 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK FKGUG OKV OKP $GUEJ·FKIWPIGP CWH FGO 4GXGTU 9KFOWPIUITCXWT < 'TI C O -¤0+)5,#*4 WPF 5KNDGTRWP\G FKG -TQPG CWH FGO 4GXGTU DTQUEJKGTV 44 ++

366

2CCT 5EJWNVGTUVÒEMG XQP *GT\QI %CTN 'FWCTF XQP 5CEJUGP %QDWTI WPF )QVJC CNU )GPGTCN FGT +PHCPVGTKG ¯ NC UWKVG FGU )CTFG 4GIKOGPVU \W (W­ WPF %JGH FGU 6JÒTKPIKUEJGP +PHCPVGTKG 4GIKOGPVU 0T )GHNQEJVGP CWH YGK­GO 7PVGTNCIUVWEJ OKV LGYGKNU \YGK CWHIGNGIVGP 5VGTPGP WPF IGMTÌPVGO /QPQITCOO ') HÒT *GT\QI 'TPUV XQP 5CEJUGP %QDWTI WPF )QVJC WPF *GT \QI )GQTI XQP 5CEJUGP /GKPKPIGP LGYGKNU OKV -PQRH FKG 5VÒEMG CP GKPGO 4CPF GVYCU XGTH·TDV &C\W GVYCU DGTKGDGPG 1TKIKPCNRJQVQITCRJKG -CKUGT 9KNJGNOU ++ KP )TQ­CFOKTCNU 7PKHQTO WPF *GT\QI %CTN 'FWCTFU KP FGT 7PKHQTO FGU 4JGKPKUEJGP *WUCTGP 4GIKOGPVU 0T KO QHHGPGP .CPFCWGT OKV TÒEM UGKVKIGO JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJGO 8GTOGTM FC­ FKGUGU 2JQVQ XQP +NUG )TGXG 3WCCV\ XQP %CTN 'FWCTF GTJCNVGP JCDG 444 ++ .CWV #PICDGP UVCOOGP FKGUG #EJUGNUVÒEMG XQP FGT 7TITQ­VCPVG FGU 'KPNKGHGTGTU 'NUG )TGXG 3WCCV\ OKV FGT *GT \QI %CTN 'FWCTF GKPG .KGDGUDG\KGJWPI WPVGTJKGNV %CTN 'FWCTF *GT\QI XQP 5CEJUGP %QDWTI WPF )QVJC DKU CWEJ -ÌPKINKEJGT 2TKP\ XQP )TQ­DTKVCPPKGP WPF +TNCPF *GT\QI XQP #NDCP[ 'CTN XQP %NCTGPEG WPF $CTQP #TMNQY YCT ÒDGT UGKPGP 8CVGT #NHTGF GKP 'PMGN -ÌPKIKP 8KMVQTKCU XQP )TQ­DTKVCPPKGP WPF +TNCPF WPF UQOKV GKP 8GVVGT )TCFGU -CKUGT 9KNJGNOU ++ -CKUGT 0KMQNCWU ++ XQP 4W­NCPF -ÌPKI )GQTI 8 XQP )TQ­DTKVCPPKGP WPF +TNCPF WPF )TQ­JGT\QI 'TPUV .WFYKIU XQP *GUUGP WPF DGK 4JGKP 8QT WPF Y·JTGPF FGU 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIU HKGN GT FWTEJ UGKPG DGVQPV CPVKDTKVKUEJG *CNVWPI CWH 5GKV WPVGTUVÒV\VG GT QHHGP FKG 05&#2 WPF VTCV CO /CK KP FKG 2CTVGK GKP 5GKV HÌTFGTPFGU /KVINKGF FGT 55 YWTFG GT 'PFG ,WNK 5# )TWR RGPHÒJTGT 1DGTITWRRGPHÒJTGT FGT 5# #O &G\GODGT GTPCPPVG KJP 4GKEJURT·UKFGPV 2CWN XQP *KPFGP DWTI 4GKEJURT·UKFGPV UGKV \WO 2T·UKFGPVGP FGU &GWVUEJGP 4QVGP -TGW\GU WPF KO ,CPWCT \WO 4GKEJUMQOOKUUCT HÒT FKG HTGKYKNNKIG -TCPMGPRHNGIG &CPGDGP JCVVG GT PQEJ \CJNTGKEJG YGKVGTG 'JTGP·OVGT KPPG %CTN 'FWCTF YWTFG CO #RTKN CNU )GPGTCN .GWVPCPV %JGH FGU 6JÒTKPIKUEJGP +PHCPVGTKG 4GIKOGPVU 0T PGDGP *GT\QI )GQTI ++ XQP 5CEJUGP /GKPKPIGP FGT FKGUG 2QUKVKQP UEJQP UGKV FGO /·T\ KPPGJCVVG )NGKEJ\GKVKI YWTFG %CTN 'FWCTF CNU )GPGTCN .GWVPCPV ¯ NC 5WKVG FGU )CTFG 4GIKOGPVU \W (W­ IGUVGNNV +O &G\GODGT GTHQNIVG FKG $GHÌTFGTWPI \WO )GPGTCN FGT +PHCPVGTKG &CU JKGT IG\GKIVG 2JQVQ GKPGT 2QUVMCTVG \YKUEJGP WPF \GKIV %CTN 'FWCTF KP (GNFWPKHQTO OKV UQNEJGP 5EJWNVGTUVÒEMGP

+PHQTOCVKQPGP VNY CWU YKMKRGFKC FG WPF YKMKRGFKC GP

124


DEUTSCHLAND

367 (1:1) 368 (1:1)

5%*.'59+) *1.56'+0 *'4<1)6ª/'4 $+5

'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG CP FKG 2TQMNCOCVKQP (TKGFTKEJU 8+++ \WO *GT\QI $TQP\G CO UR·VG TGP LGFQEJ MQTTGMVGP $TWUVDCPF 1'- ++ &KG /GFCKNNG YWTFG CO &G\GODGT XQP *GT\QI (TKGFTKEJ \W 5EJNGUYKI *QNUVGKP 5QPFGTDWTI #WIWUVGPDWTI CWU #PNC­ FGT INGKEJV·IKIGP $GUV·VKIWPI UGKPGT 2TQMNCOCVKQP XQO 0QXGODGT \WO 4GIKGTWPIUCPVTKVV CNU TGIKG TGPFGT *GT\QI XQP 5EJNGUYKI *QNUVGKP WPVGT FGO 0COGP (TKGFTKEJ 8+++ IGUVKHVGV

5%*9#4<$74) (ª456'06ª/'4 )'/'+05#/

0KEJV KFGPVKHK\KGTVGT /QPQITCOO #PJ·PIGT D\Y $TQUEJG %# OWVOC­NKEJ )TQ­JGT\QI %CTN #NGZCPFGTU XQP 5CEJUGP 9GKOCT 5KNDGT ITCXKGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV 8GTIQNFWPI ITÌ­VGPVGKNU XGTICPIGP CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG OKV $TQUEJKGTWPI CP #ITCHHG 1JPG -GVVG QFGT $CPF \WUCOOGP OKV \YGK GVYCU MNGKPGTGP #WUHÒJTWPIGP CP $GHGUVKIWPIUMPÌRHGP LGYGKNU GDGPHCNNU 5KNDGT ITCXKGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV ++ 7O YCU HÒT GKP #D\GKEJGP GU UKEJ JKGTDGK JCPFGNV MQPPVG VTQV\ KPVGPUKXGT 4GEJGTEJGP PKEJV JGTCWUIGHWPFGP YGTFGP 5KEJGT KUV PWT FC­ GU UKEJ DGK FGO ITÌ­GTGP #D\GKEJGP CWHITWPF FGT -QODKPCVKQP XQP $TQUEJG WPF #PJ·PIGT WO GKPG &COGPFGMQTCVKQP JCPFGNP FÒTHVG OÌINKEJGTYGKUG CWEJ WO GKPG *QHFCOGPFGMQTCVKQP %CTN #NGZCPFGT XQP 5CEJUGP 9GKOCT YKG UGKP )TQ­XCVGT %CTN #WIWUV FGT ITQ­G (ÌTFGTGT WPF (TGWPF )QGVJGU GKP NKDGTCN IGUKPPVGT .CPFGUJGTT TGIKGTVG FCU )TQ­JGT\QIVWO XQP DKU CNUQ PCJG\W GKP JCNDGU ,CJTJWPFGTV NCPI

369 (1:1)

9#.&'%- 70& 2;4/106 8'4'+0+)6'5 5'+6 (ª456'067/ $+5

8GTFKGPUVQTFGP /QFGNN -TGW\ -NCUUG )QNF JQJN IGHGTVKIV WPF GOCKNNKGTV I CO QTKIKPCNGP \WUCOOGPIGP·JVGP *CNUDCPF #DUEJPKVV KO QTKIKPCNGP GVYCU DGTKGDGPGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC , )QFGV 5QJP KP $GTNKP <WUCOOGP OKV ·NVGTGO 5COONWPIU\GVVGN $9- 1'- + .CWV 'HNGT KP '(9 5 0T KUV FKGUGU -TGW\ \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV /CN XGTNKGJGP YQTFGP YQDGK PCEJ FGO #DNGDGP FGT $GNKGJGPGP YKGFGT \WTÒEMIGIGDGP YQTFGP UKPF 5QOKV NKGIV FKG <CJN FGT GTJCNVGPGP 'ZGORNCTG WPVGT 5VÒEM

125


DEUTSCHLAND

370 (1:1)

371 (1:1)

(ÒTUVNKEJ 9CNFGEM UEJGU 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ /QFGNN 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ -NCUUG )QNF XGTIQNFGV WPF VNY GOCKNNKGTV OKP -TCV\GT WPF QDGTHN·EJNKEJG %JKRU KP FGT TQVGP 'OCKNNG FGU -TGW\ EJGPU CO CNVGP $QIGPDCPF KP UR·VGTGT /QPVKGTWPI CWH /GVCNNRNCVVG $9- 1'- ++ .CWV 'HNGT KP '(9 5 0T KUV FKGUGU -TGW\ \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV /CN XGTNKGJGP YQTFGP YQDGK PCEJ FGO #DNGDGP FGT $GNKGJGPGP YKGFGT \WTÒEMIGIGDGP YQTFGP UKPF

9'562*#.'0 -¤0+)4'+%*

'JTGPOGFCKNNG /QFGNN TWPF ņ 5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG OKV ITQ­GT OÌINKEJGTYGKUG CNV GTI·P\VGT QXCNGT ¤UG CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FGWVNKEJG -TCV\GT OKV CNVGO YQJN PKEJV ICP\ MQTTGMVGP $CPFUVÒEM OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DG HGUVKIV $9- *5 C 444 ++ #WHITWPF FGT PWT YGPKIG /QPCVG FCWGTPFGP 8GTNGKJWPIU\GKV CNU IGRT·IVGU 1TKIKPCNGZGORNCT XQP CNNGTITÌ­VGT 5GN VGPJGKV &CU 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP EC WPF WPF YWTFG NCWV #PICDG CO /·T\ GTYQTDGP

372 (1:1)

9ª466'/$'4) *'4<1)67/ $+5 -74(ª456'067/ 70& -¤0+)4'+%*

1TFGP FGT -ÌPKINKEJGP 9ÒTVVGODGTIKUEJGP -TQPG -QOVWTMTGW\ #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC 5VGKPCO )QNF VNY HGKPUV \KUGNKGTV GOCKNNKGTV I QJPG *CNUDCPF $9- 1'- + ++ .CWV -NGKP WPF 4CHH KP 5/- 5 NKGHGTVG FKG (KTOC 5VGKPCO XQP DKU 1TFGPUKPUKIPKGP CP FKG 1T FGPUMCP\NGK 5KG PGPPGP YGKVGT KP 5/- 5 HÒT FGP <GKVTCWO \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV GKPG <CJN XQP 'ORH·PIGTP FGU -QOVWTMTGW\GU GPVURTGEJGPF FGP #PICDGP FGT -ÌPKINKEJ 9ÒTVVGODGTIKUEJGP 5VCCVU *CPFDÒEJGT (ÒT FGP <GKVTCWO \YKUEJGP WPF PGPPGP UKG KP 5/- 5 GKPG )GUCOV\CJN XQP 8GTNGKJWPIGP GPVURTGEJGPF FGO 0COGPUXGT\GKEJPKU FGU 1TFGPUUGMTGV·TU $GKFG <CJNGP \WUCOOGP IGPQOOGP GTIGDGP HÒT FGP <GKVTCWO \YKUEJGP WPF GKPG )GUCOV\CJN XQP 8GTNGKJWPIGP &KG VCVU·EJNKEJG *GT UVGNNWPIU\CJN FGT +PUKIPKGP FWTEJ FKG (KTOC 5VGKPCO KUV PCVÒTNKEJ FGWVNKEJ IGTKPIGT FC CWHITWPF FGT UVTGPIGP 4ÒEM ICDGRHNKEJV TGUVKVWKGTVG 1TFGPUKPUKIPKGP GTPGWV XGTNKGJGP YWTFGP

126


DEUTSCHLAND

374 (1:1)

373 (1:1)

1TFGP FGT -ÌPKINKEJGP 9ÒTVVGODGTIKUEJGP -TQPG 4KVVGTMTGW\ OKV .ÌYGP WPF 5EJYGTVGTP #PHGTVK IWPI FGU -ÌPKINKEJGP /ÒP\COVU KP 5VWVVICTV 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO CNVGP $TWUVDCPF $9- 1'- 5/- 1 4 ++ .CWV -NGKP WPF 4CHH KP 5/- 5 NKGHGTVG FCU -ÌPKINKEJG /ÒP\COV KP 5VWVVICTV \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV 4KVVGTMTGW\G OKV .ÌYGP WPF 5EJYGTVGTP

-ÌPKINKEJ 9ÒTVVGODGTIKUEJGT /KNKV·T 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP /QFGNN OKV /QPQITCOO 94 -TGW\ QJPG -TQPGP ªDGTJÌJWPI ņ 4KVVGTMTGW\ #PHGTVKIWPI FGU -ÌPKINKEJGP /ÒP\COVU KP 5VWVV ICTV 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO CNVGP QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF $9- 1'- 5/- 1 ++ .CWV -NGKP WPF 4CHH KP 5/- 5 NKGHGTVG FCU -ÌPKINKEJG /ÒP\COV KP 5VWVVICTV \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV 4KVVGTMTGW\G

375 (1:1)

-ÌPKINKEJ 9ÒTVVGODGTIKUEJGT (TKGFTKEJU 1TFGP /QFGNN OGJTMNCUUKI ņ #WUHÒJ TWPI $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­MTGW\ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP 5VGTPMQTRWU 5KNDGT )QNF RNCVVKGTV &QWDN¾ 5KNDGT /GFCKNNQP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV FKG 5EJYGTVGT KP 5KNDGTIW­ XGTIQNFGV WPF CWHIGNÌVGV OÌINKEJ GTYGKUG PCEJ CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC 'FWCTF (QGJT KP 5VWVVICTV OKV XKGT 5EJTCWDGP WPF 4WPFMQRHOWVVGTP ++ &KG (KTOC (QGJT NKGHGTVG NCWV -NGKP WPF 4CHH KP 5/- 5 DKU KPUIGUCOV $TWUVUVGTPG \WO )TQ­MTGW\ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CP FKG 1TFGPUMCP\NGK 0QTOCNGTYGKUG YWTFGP FKG 5EJYGTVGT GDGPHCNNU YKG FKG -TGW\CWHNCIG OKV 5EJTCWDGP WPF 4WPFMQRHOWVVGTP CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG DGHGUVKIV +PYKGYGKV FKG 5EJYGTVGT FGU JKGT CPIGDQVGPGP 'ZGORNCTU UR·VGT FWTEJ FKG -ÌPKINKEJG /ÒP\G KP 5VWVVICTV QFGT CPFGTYGKVKI JKP\WIGHÒIV YWTFGP QFGT GTUV PCEJ KP 6·WUEJWPIUCDUKEJV CPIGDTCEJV YWTFGP MQPPVG NGKFGT PKEJV FGHKPKVKX IGMN·TV YGTFGP <YKUEJGP WPF NKGHGTVG FKG /ÒP\G NCWV -NGKP WPF 4CHH KP 5/- 5 KPUIGUCOV $TWUVUVGTPG \WO )TQ­MTGW\ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP &GT \WP·EJUV GKPMNCUUKIG 1TFGP YWTFG CO ,CPWCT XQP -ÌPKI 9KNJGNO + XQP 9ÒTVVGODGTI KP 'TKPPGTWPI CP UGKPGP 8CVGT -ÌPKI (TKGFTKEJ + IGUVKHVGV YWTFG FGT 1TFGP CWH XKGT -NCUUG GTYGK VGTV /QFGNN )TQ­MTGW\ -QOVWT WPF -NCUUG WPF 4KVVGT GTHQNIVG FKG 7PVGTVGKNWPI FGT 4KVVGT KP GKPG GTUVG WPF GKPG \YGKVG -NCUUG <WFGO YWTFGP HÒT FKG -TGW\G CNNGT -NCUUGP FKG 5EJYGTVGT IGUVKHVGV GTJKGNVGP CWEJ FKG 1TFGPUUVGTPG FKG 5EJYGTVGT &KG )QNFGPG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG YWTFG IGUVKHVGV WPF FCU )TQ­MTGW\ OKV -TQPG /KV FGT #DUEJCHHWPI FGT /QPCTEJKG KO 0QXGODGT GTNQUEJ CWEJ FGT 1TFGP

'KPG 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG \WO -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\ ++ -NCUUG FGU -ÌPKINKEJ 9ÒTVVGODGTIKUEJGP (TKGF TKEJU 1TFGPU HKPFGP 5KG KO &QMWOGPVGP 6GKNPCEJNC­ FGU 8K\G #FOKTCNU 5EJCEM FGT WPVGT &'765%*'5 4'+%* CPIGDQVGP YKTF -CV 0T

127


HEILIGES RÖMISCHES REICH

377 (1:1)

378

379 (1:1)

-TKGIUFGPMOÃ’P\G HÃ’T FKG (GNF\Ã’IG /GFCKNNG HÃ’T VTGWGP &KGPUV KP GKPGO (GNF\WI OKV MNGKPGO 5EJKNF WPF QJPG 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT <GKEJGP QJPG ¤UG WPF QJPG $CPF OKV GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ· FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP $9- 1'- ++ &CU 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP EC WPF

-TKGIUFGPMOÃ’P\G HÃ’T FKG (GNF\Ã’IG /GFCKNNG HÃ’T VTGWGP &KGPUV KP FTGK (GNF\Ã’IGP GTUVG #WUHÃ’JTWPI OKV MNGKPGO 5EJKNF WPF QJPG 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT <GKEJGP CO CNVGP $CPF $9- 1'- ++ 9KNJGNOUMTGW\ -TGW\ HÃ’T -TKGIUXGTFKGPUV <KPM DTQP\KGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF $9- 1'- ++ .CWV 4CHH WPF -NGKP KP 5/- 5 YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF XQP FGT 5VWVVICTVGT /Ã’P\G KPUIGUCOV 9KNJGNOUMTGW\G QJPG 5EJYGTVGT KP <KPM DTQP\KGTV IGNKGHGTV

8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ FGU 8GVGTCPGP 8GTGKPU 7TNCW XQP Z OO XGTIQNFGV /GFCKNNQP UGRCTCV CWHIGUGV\V CP 0CFGN 4 ++ 7TNCW KUV UGKV UGKPGT 'KPIGOGKPFWPI GKP 6GKN FGT 5VCFV .GWVMKTEJ KO #NNI·W

380

*'+.+)'5 4¤/+5%*'5 4'+%* &'765%*'4 0#6+10 $+5

-CKUGTNKEJGT -·OOGTGT 5EJNÃ’UUGN YQJN CWU FGO \YGKVGP &TKVVGN FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU OO NCPI OKV MWPUVXQNN IGHGTVKIVGO 5EJNÃ’UUGNDCTV 'KUGP OKV 4GUVXGTIQNFWPI 444 +++ 'U JCPFGNV UKEJ JKGTDGK WO GKPGP #OVU WPF )GDTCWEJUUEJNÃ’UUGN GKPGU UQIGP &KGPUVM·OOGTGTU YQJN CWU FGT 4GIKGTWPIU\GKV -CKUGT (GTFKPCPFU +++ TGI UGKV QFGT .GQRQNFU + TGI UGKV YQDGK FKG FGVCKNNKGTVG #WUHÃ’JTWPI FGU 5EJNÃ’UUGNDCTVGU GJGT CWH FKG 4GIKGTWPIU\GKV FGU 'TUVIGPCPPVGP JKPFGWVGV 2KEMN XQP 9KVIGPDGTI \GKIV KP 2-. \YGK UGJT ·JPNKEJG 5EJNÃ’UUGN CWU FGT 4GIKGTWPIU\GKV -CKUGT .GQRQNFU + WPF UGKPGU 0CEJHQNIGTU ,QUGRJU + TGI UGKV CNNGTFKPIU XGTHÃ’IGP FKGUG Ã’DGT FGWVNKEJ GKPHCEJGT CWUIG HÃ’JTVG 5EJNÃ’UUGND·TVG &WYG FGT FKGUG #DDKNFWPIGP KP &9' 5 YKGFGTIKDV FGWVGV FGP GTUVGP CNU GKPGP 5EJNÃ’U UGN FGT PQEJ \WO 5EJNKG­GP FKGPVG FGP \YGKVGP UR·VGTGP YQJN CWHITWPF FGT GJGT U[ODQNKUEJGP WPF PKEJV HWPMVK QPGNNGP )GUVCNVWPI FGU 5EJNÃ’UUGNDCTVGU CNU GKP TGKPGU *QHTCPICD\GKEJGP #WHITWPF FGT GKPFGWVKI MWPUVXQNN WPF HWPMVKQPGNNGP #WUHÃ’JTWPI FGU 5EJNÃ’UUGNDCTVGU FGU JKGT CPIGDQVGPGP -·OOGTGT 5EJNÃ’UUGNU FÃ’THVG FKGUGT UQOKV ·NVGT CNU FKG DGK 2KEMN XQP 9KVIGPDGTI WPF &WYG CDIGDKNFGVGP 'ZGORNCTG UGKP YCU GKPG &CVKGTWPI KP FKG 4GIKGTWPIU\GKV -CKUGT (GTFKPCPFU +++ QFGT KP FKG GTUVGP ,CJTG FGT NCPIGP 4GIKGTWPIU\GKV -CKUGT .GQRQNF + RNCWUKDGN GTUEJGKPGP N·­V

128


HEILIGES RÖMISCHES REICH

381

-CKUGTNKEJGT -·OOGTGT 5EJNÒUUGN CWU FGT 4GIKGTWPIU\GKV -CKUGT -CTNU 8+ TGI UGKV OO NCPI #WUHÒJTWPI OKV FGO /QPQITCOO %8+ -CKUGT -CTNU 8+ WPF %+++ -ÌPKI -CTNU +++ XQP 5RCPKGP 'KUGP XGTIQNFGV VNY DGTKGDGP &9' 5 44 ++ 0CEJ FGO 6QF FGU NGV\VGP URCPKUEJ JCDUDWTIKUEJGP -ÌPKIU -CTNU ++ TGI UGKV HKGN FGUUGP 6JTQP UGKPGO GKIGPGP 9WPUEJ \WHQNIG CP 2JKNKRR XQP #PLQW FGO 'PMGN FGU HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP -ÌPKIU .WFYKIU :+8 TGI UGKV FGT CNU 2JKNKRR 8 FGP URCPKUEJGP 6JTQP DGUVKGI #NNGTFKPIU GTJQD -CTN 'T\JGT\QI XQP ¤UVGTTGKEJ \YGKVGT ÒDGTNGDGPFGT 5QJP -CKUGT .GQRQNFU + TGI UGKV WPF LÒPIGTGT $TWFGT -CKUGT ,QUGRJU + TGI UGKV GDGPHCNNU #PURTÒEJG CWH FGP URCPKUEJGP 6JTQP YCU \WO CD GKPUGV\GPFGP 5RCPKUEJGP 'TDHQNIGMTKGI \YKUEJGP (TCPMTGKEJ WPF ¤UVGT TGKEJ WPF KJTGP LGYGKNKIGP 8GTDÒPFGVGP HÒJTVG YWTFG GT WPVGT FGO 0COGP -CTN +++ \WO URCPKUEJGP -ÌPKI RTQMNCOKGTV 0CEJ FGO 6QFG UGKPGU $TWFGTU ,QUGRJ UGNDUV CNU -CTN 8+ TÌOKUEJGT -CKUGT IGYQTFGP IGNCPI GU KJO PKEJV UGKPG URCPKUEJGP #PURTÒEJG KP FGO KP\YKUEJGP \W GKPGT IGUCOVGWTQR·KUEJGP #WUGKPCPFGTUGV\WPI IGYQTFGPGP -TKGI FWTEJ\WUGV\GP /KV FGO (TKGFGP XQP $CFGP XQO 5GRVGODGT KPHQNIG FGT (TKGFGPUUEJNÒUUG XQP 7VTGEJV XQP WPF 4CUVCVV XQO /·T\ DGJKGNV -CKUGT -CTN 8+ HQTOCN CNU -CTN +++ CWEJ FGP 6KVGN GKPGU -ÌPKIU XQP 5RCPKGP FGP GT DKU \W UGKPGO 6QFG CWEJ HÒJTVG YCU LGFQEJ QJPG UVCCVUTGEJVNKEJG #WUYKTMWPIGP DNKGD FC FKG VCVU·EJNKEJG *GTTUEJCHV DGK -ÌPKI 2JKNKRR 8 XQP 5RCPKGP XGTDNKGD &GUJCND YKTF DKU JGWVG -CTN KP FGT MÌPKINKEJGP URCPKUEJGP 5WM\GUUKQP CWEJ PKEJV CNU -ÌPKI UQPFGTP PWT CNU )GIGPMÌPKI IGHÒJTV #NU URCPKUEJGT -ÌPKI -CTN +++ =%CTNQU +++ ? TGIKGTVG 2JKNKRRU ·NVGUVGT 5QJP XQP DKU #WU FGP XQTIGPCPPVGP )TÒPFGP \GKIGP CNNG -CKUGTNKEJGP -·OOGTGT 5EJNÒUUGN CWU FGT 4GIKGTWPIU\GKV -CKUGT -CTNU 8+ UQYQJN UGKP XQP GKPGT -CKUGTMTQPG ÒDGTJÌJVGU /QPQITCOO %8+ CNU CWEJ FCU XQP GKPGT -ÌPKIUMTQPG ÒDGT JÌJVG /QPQITCOO %+++ -CTNU CNU -ÌPKI XQP 5RCPKGP #NU -CTN +++ YCT GT CWEJ -ÌPKI XQP 7PICTP FKGUGU /QPQ ITCOO Y·TG LGFQEJ XQP FGT 5VGRJCPUMTQPG ÒDGTJÌJV IGYGUGP

#DUEJTKHV GKPGT 7TMWPFG ÒDGT FKG 'TJGDWPI KP FGP (TGKJGTTPUVCPF FWTEJ -CKUGT (TCP\ ++ HÒT ,CEQD ,QUGRJ XQP -NGWFIGP #DUEJTKHV FGU 1TKIKPCNFQMWOGPVU XQO &G\GODGT FCVKGTV *GK FGNDGTI CO 5GRVGODGT OKV 5KGIGN WPF 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV FGU ÌHHGPVNKEJGP 0QVCTU #PFTGCU .GQRQNF $WTVNGT FQRRGNV IGHCNVGV ++

129


DEUTSCHES KAISERREICH

&'765%*'5 -#+5'4 4'+%* +O (QNIGPFGP YKTF FGT WOHCPITGKEJG &QMWOGPVGP 6GKNPCEJNC­ FGU -CKUGTNKEJGP 8K\G #FOKTCNU 9KN JGNO 5EJCEM CPIGDQVGP 9KNJGNO .QWKU %JTKUVKCP 5EJCEM YWTFG CO /·T\ KP %GNNG CNU 5QJP FGU <KOOGTOGKUVGTU 5EJCEM WPF FGUUGP 'JGHTCW IGDQTGP 0CEJ #DUEJNW­ FGT 5EJWNG VTCV GT KO #RTKN XGTUWEJUYGKUG KO 5GRVGODGT FGHKPKVKX CNU -CFGVV KP FKG /CTKPG GKP &KG YGKVGTGP 5VCVKQPGP UGKPGT .CWHDCJP 5GGMCFGVV 7PVGTNKGWVGPCPV \W 5GG .KGWVGPCPV \WT 5GG -CRKV·PNKGWVGPCPV -QTXGVVGP -CRKV·P (TGICVVGP -CRKV·P -CRKV·P \WT 5GG -QPVTG #FOKTCN 8K\GCFOKTCN \WT &KURQUKVKQP IGUVGNNV 'T YCT XGTJGKTCVGV OKV *GNGPG IGDQTGPG 5QJUV WPF JCVVG OKV KJT OKPFGUVGPU GKPGP 5QJP IGD CO &G\GODGT 9·JTGPF UGKPGT CMVKXGP &KGPUV\GKV FKGPVG GT CWH \CJNTGKEJGP 5EJKHHGP FGT -CKUGTNKEJGP /CTKPG UQ Y·JTGPF FGU UQIGP $QZGTCWHUVCPFU KP %JKPC XQP DKU CNU -QOOCPFCPV FGU \WO 1UV CUKCVKUEJGP -TGW\GTIGUEJYCFGTU IGJÌTGPFGP -NGKPGP -TGW\GTU 5/5 5GGCFNGT WPF XQP DKU CNU -QOOCPFCPV FGU -CKUGTNKEJGP .KPKGPUEJKHHU 5/5 5EJYCDGP #NU #TVKNNGTKG 5RG\KCNKUV CTDGKVGVG GT XQP DKU KP FGT #TVKNNGTKG 2TÒHWPIUMQOOKUUKQP XQP DKU WPF XQP DKU CNU &G\GTPGPV KO 4GKEJUOCTKPG #OV WPF XQP DKU CNU +PURGMVGWT FGT -ÒUVGP #TVKNNGTKG 0CEJ UGKPGT 5VGNNWPI \WT &KURQUKVKQP FKGPVG GT PQEJ XQP #RTKN DKU #WIWUV KP -QPUVCPVKPQRGN CNU $GTCVGT FGU QUOCPKUEJGP -TKGIUOKPKUVGTU KP -ÒUVGPCPIGNGIGPJGKVGP DGUQPFGTU KO $GTGKEJ FGT $GHGUVKIWPIGP KP FGP &CTFCPGNNGP (QNIGPFG #WU\GKEJPWPIGP 5EJCEMU UKPF PCEJYGKUDCT

2TGW­GP 4QVGT #FNGT 1TFGP +8 -NCUUG

2TGW­GP 1HHK\KGT &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI HÒT &KGPUVLCJTG

2TGW­GP <GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG

&GWVUEJGU 4GKEJ %JKPCFGPMOÒP\G HÒT -·ORHGT

2TGW­GP 4QVGT #FNGT 1TFGP -NCUUG OKV FGT 5EJNGKHG

2TGW­GP -TQPGP 1TFGP -NCUUG

9ÒTVVGODGTI (TKGFTKEJUQTFGP -QOVWTMTGW\ -NCUUG

2TGW­GP 4QVGT #FNGT 1TFGP -NCUUG OKV 'KEJGPNCWD

2TGW­GP 5VGTP \WO -TQPGP 1TFGP -NCUUG

2TGW­GP 5VGTP \WO 4QVGP #FNGT 1TFGP -NCUUG OKV 'KEJGPNCWD

4WO·PKGP 1TFGP -TQPG 4WO·PKGPU )TQ­MTGW\

1NFGPDWTI *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI 'JTGP )TQ­MTGW\

2TGW­GP -TQPGP 1TFGP -NCUUG <W GKPGO WPDGUVKOOVGP <GKVRWPMV JCV GT CWEJ FCU -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\ -NCUUG FGU UEJYGFKUEJGP 5EJYGTV 1TFGPU GTJCNVGP FGP GT CWH GKPGT 2JQVQITCRJKG FGU ,CJTGU VT·IV &CTÒDGT JKPCWU OÒ­VG GT HÒT UGKPG DGTCVGPFG 6·VKIMGKV KP -QPUVCPVKPQRGN CWEJ GKPGP QUOCPKUEJGP 1TFGP KP GKPGT JÌJGTGP -NCUUG GTJCNVGP JCDGP OÌINKEJGTYGKUG FGP /GFLKFLK¾ 1TFGP QFGT -NCUUG YQTÒDGT CDGT DKUJGT MGKPGTNGK 'XKFGP\ XQTNKGIV

(ÒT FKG WPU XQP &CPKGN -TCWUG 2QVUFCO \WT 8GTHÒIWPI IGUVGNNVG XQP /CTMWU $QFGWZ GTCTDGKVGVG QTFGPUMWPFNKEJG #WHUVGNNWPI UGK DGKFGP CP FKGUGT 5VGNNG TGEJV JGT\NKEJ IGFCPMV

2TGW­GP 4QVGT #FNGT 1TFGP 5VGTP \WT ++ -NCUUG OKV 'KEJGPNCWD 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG HÒT FGP 8K\G CFOKTCN 5EJCEM +PURGMVGWT FGT -ÒUVGPCTVKNNGTKG WPF FGU /KPGPYGUGPU WPF -QOOCPFCPV FGT $GHGUVKIWP IGP DGK %WZJCXGP FCVKGTV $GTNKP CO /·T\ OKV IGFTWEMVGO 5KGIGN WPF 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV FGU 2T·UGU FGT )GPGTCN 1TFGPU -QOOKUUKQP )GPGTCN FGT +PHCPVGTKG X ,CEQDK GKPOCN IGHCNVGV 472 5 ++

2TGW­GP 4QVGT #FNGT 1TFGP ++ -NCUUG OKV 'KEJGPNCWD 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG HÒT FGP -QPVGTCFOKTCN 5EJCEM +PURGMVGWT FGT -ÒUVGPCTVKNNGTKG WPF FGU /KPGPYGUGPU WPF -QOOCPFCPV FGT $GHGUVKIWPIGP DGK %WZJCXGP FCVKGTV CP $QTF FGT ;CEJV 5/; *QJGP\QNNGTP CO 5GRVGODGT OKV 2T·IGUKGIGN WPF 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV 9KNJGNOU ++ GKPOCN IGHCNVGV 472 5 ++

#DDKNFPWPI UKGJG IGIGPÒDGTNKGIGPFG 5GKVG

2TGW­GP 4QVGT #FNGT 1TFGP +++ -NCUUG OKV FGT 5EJNGKHG 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG HÒT FGP -CRKV·P \W 5GG 5EJCEM CW­GTQTFGPVNKEJGU /KVINKGF FGT #TVKNNGTKG 2TÒHWPIUMQOOKUUKQP FCVKGTV CP $QTF FGT ;CEJV 5/; *QJGP\QNNGTP CO 5GRVGODGT OKV 2T·IGUKGIGN WPF 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV 9KNJGNOU ++ GKPOCN IGHCNVGV 472 5 ++ +P FKGUGT 5VWHG OKV 7PVGTUEJTKHV 9KNJGNOU ++ PKEJV J·WHKI \W HKPFGP

130


DEUTSCHES KAISERREICH

384

388

2TGW­GP 4QVGT #FNGT 1TFGP +8 -NCUUG 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG HÒT FGP -CRKV·PNKGWVGPCPV 5EJCEM XQO 4GKEJU /CTKPG #OV FCVKGTV $GTNKP CO 5GRVGODGT OKV IGFTWEMVGO 5KGIGN WPF 1TKIKPCNWPVGT UEJTKHV FGU 2T·UGU FGT )GPGTCN 1TFGPU -QOOKUUKQP )GPGTCNOCLQT 'FWCTF 2TKP\ \W 5CNO *QTUVOCT FQRRGNV IGHCNVGV <WUCOOGP OKV ªDGTUGPFWPIUUEJTGKDGP FGU 5VCCVUUGMTGV·TU FGU 4GKEJU /CTKPG #OVU FCVKGTV $GTNKP CO 5GRVGODGT OKV 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV KP 8GTVTGVWPI FQRRGNV IGHCNVGV 472 5 ++ 2TGW­GP -ÌPKINKEJGT -TQPGP 1TFGP 5QIGP -NGKPGTG 1TFGPUFGMQTCVKQP \WT + -NCUUG 5EJTGKDGP FGT )GPGTCNQTFGPUMQOOKUUKQP DGVTGHHGPF FKG 8GTNGKJWPI FGT $GTGEJVKIWPI \WO 6TCIGP FCVKGTV $GTNKP CO ,CPWCT OKV 9KGFGTICDG FGU FKGUDG\ÒINKEJGP 'TNCUUGU 9KNJGNOU ++ XQO INGKEJGP 6CI OKV GTN·WVGTVGT #DDKNFWPI WPF <GKEJPWPI \WT 6TCIGYGKUG 44 ++ #NU 1TKIKPCNFQMWOGPVG XQP ITQ­GT 5GNVGPJGKV

2TGW­GP -ÌPKINKEJGT -TQPGP 1TFGP 5VGTP \WT ++ -NCUUG 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG HÒT FGP -QPVGTCFOKTCN 5EJCEM +PURGMVGWT FGT -ÒUVGPCTVKNNGTKG WPF FGU /KPGPYGUGPU WPF -QOOCPFCPV FGT $GHGUVKIWPIGP DGK %WZJCXGP FCVKGTV $GTNKP CO ,CPWCT OKV 2T·IGUKGIGN WPF 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV 9KNJGNOU ++ GKPOCN IGHCNVGV 472 5 ++

2TGW­GP -ÌPKINKEJGT -TQPGP 1TFGP ++ -NCUUG 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG HÒT FGP -CRKV·P \WT 5GG 5EJCEM -QOOCPFCPV FGU .KPKGPUEJKHHU 5/5 5EJYCDGP FCVKGTV CP $QTF FGT ;CEJV 5/; *QJGP\QNNGTP CO 5GRVGODGT OKV 2T·IGUKGIGN WPF 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV 9KNJGNOU ++ \YGKOCN IGHCNVGV 472 5 ++

390

2TGW­GP -ÌPKINKEJ 2TGW­KUEJG /GFCKNNG \WT 'TKPPGTWPI C F *QEJUGNKIGP -CKUGT WPF -ÌPKI 9KN JGNO + FGP )TQ­GP /CLGUV·V UQIGP <GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG HÒT FGP -CRK V·P .KGWVGPCPV 5EJCEM &G\GTPGPV KO 4GKEJU /CTKPG #OV FCVKGTV $GTNKP CO /·T\ OKV 1TKIK PCNWPVGTUEJTKHV 9KNJGNOU ++ \YGKOCN IGHCNVGV FTGK OKP 'KPTKUUG HCEJIGTGEJV JKPVGTMNGDV 472 5 ++ /KV 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV 9KNJGNOU ++ PKEJV J·WHKI \W HKPFGP

131


DEUTSCHES KAISERREICH

392

ex 394

ex 395

2TGW­GP &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPIU -TGW\ HÒT L·JTKIG /KNKV·TFKGPUV\GKV $GUKV\\GWIPKU HÒT FGP -CRKV·P .KGWVGPCPV 5EJCEM FCVKGTV $GTNKP CO ,WPK OKV &KGPUVUKGIGN FGU -CKUGTNKEJGP 1DGTMQOOCPFQU FGT /CTKPG WPF 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV FGU -QOOCPFKGTGPFGP #FOKTCNU 'FWCTF X -PQTT FQRRGNV IGHCNVGV ++ 9ÒTVVGODGTI -ÌPKINKEJ 9ÒTVVGODGTIKUEJGT (TKGFTKEJU 1TFGP -QOVWTMTGW\ ++ -NCUUG 8GTNGK JWPIUWTMWPFG HÒT FGP -CRKV·P \WT 5GG 5EJCEM FCVKGTV 5VWVVICTV CO #WIWUV OKV 2T·IGUKGIGN WPF 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV FGU 1TFGPUMCP\NGTU \WUCOOGP OKV FGP 1TFGPUUVCVWVGP LGYGKNU GKPOCN IGHCNVGV &C\W \YGK 5EJTGKDGP FGU )GPGTCNCFLWVCPVGP FGU YÒTVVGODGTIKUEJGP -ÌPKIU 9KNJGNO ++ *GTOCPP (TGK JGTT X $KNHKPIGT CP 5EJCEM DGKFG FCVKGTV ++ /KV -CDKPGVVUQTFTG XQO &G\GODGT KO 1TKIKPCN GPVJCNVGP KP WPUGTGT -CV 0T JCV -CKUGT 9KNJGNO ++ -CRKV·P \WT 5GG 5EJCEM \WO -QOOCPFCPVGP FGU -CKUGTNKEJGP .KPKGPUEJKHHU 5/5 5EJYCDGP GTPCPPV &KG 5EJYCDGP GKP .KPKGPUEJKHH FGT UQIGP 9KVVGNUDCEJ -NCUUG YCT CO #RTKN KP &KGPUV IGUVGNNV YQTFGP KJTG $CWMQUVGP DGNKGHGP UKEJ CWH EC /KQ /CTM &KGUGU -QOOCPFQ DGJKGNV 5EJCEM DKU \WO #WIWUV #NU 5QWXGT·PGT *GT\QI KP 5EJYCDGP JCVVG FGT -ÌPKI 9KNJGNO ++ XQP 9ÒTVVGODGTI FCU 2CVTQPCV ÒDGT FCU 5EJKHH KPPG +PHQTOCVKQPGP VNY CWU YKMKRGFKC FG

&GWVUEJGU 4GKEJ %JKPC &GPMOÒP\G &GPMOÒP\G HÒT -·ORHGT 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG HÒT FGP -QTXGV VGP -CRKV·P 5EJCEM DKUJGT -QOOCPFCPV FGU -NGKPGP -TGW\GTU 5/5 5GGCFNGT WPFCVKGTV OKV 1TKIKPCN WPVGTUEJTKHV 9KNJGNOU ++ FQRRGNV IGHCNVGV $GUEJ·FKIWPIGP WPF 'KPTKUUG CO QDGTGP 4CPF VNY HCEJIG TGEJV JKPVGTMNGDV 0/ C 4 +++ 5GNVGP OKV FGT 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV -CKUGT 9KNJGNOU ++

7OHCPITGKEJGU 2CVGPVG 7TMWPFGP WPF &QMWOGPVGP -QPXQNWV FGU 8K\GCFOKTCNU 5EJCEM DGUVG JGPF CWU KPUIGUCOV EC 5EJTKHVUVÒEMGP $GIKPPGPF OKV FGP 7PVGTNCIGP XQP 'PFG DG\ÒINKEJ UGKPGU 'KPVTKVVU CNU -CFGVV DGK FGT /CTKPG DKU KP FGP 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGI JKPGKP FCTWPVGT UKGDGP 2CVGPVG \WO 5GGMCFGVV \WO 7PVGTNKGWVGPCPV \WT 5GG \WO .KGWVGPCPV \WT 5GG \WO -CRKV·PNKGWVGPCPV \WO (TGICVVGP -CRKV·P \WO -CRKV·P \WT 5GG WPF \WO -QPVGTCFOKTCN LGYGKNU OKV ITQ­GO 2T·IGUKGIGN XKGT OKV 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV 9KNJGNOU ++ WPF UGEJU -CDKPGVVUQTFTGU -CKUGT 9KNJGNOU ++ XQP DKU DG\ÒINKEJ 'TPGPPWPIGP $GHÌTFGTWPI \WO 8K\GCFOKTCN WPF 5VGNNWPI \WT &KURQUKVKQP LGYGKNU OKV 1TKIK PCNWPVGTUEJTKHV 9KNJGNOU ++ FCXQP HÒPH OKV FGP QTKIKPCNGP 8GTUCPFEQWXGTVU KPUIGUCOV CNUQ &QMW OGPVG OKV 7PVGTUEJTKHV FGU -CKUGTU &GU YGKVGTGP <GWIPKUUG ªDGTUGPFWPIUUEJTGKDGP FKXGTUG 5EJTGKDGP FGT #FOKTCNKV·V FGU 5VCCVUUGMTGV·TU FGU 4GKEJU /CTKPG #OVU WUY DG\ÒINKEJ GKIGPGT 2GTUQPCNCPIGNG IGPJGKVGP FCTWPVGT OKV 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHVGP OGJTGTGT DGFGWVGPFGT 2GTUÌPNKEJMGKVGP FGT -CKUGTNKEJGP /CTKPG UQ \YGK FGU )TQ­CFOKTCNU #NHTGF X 6KTRKV\ FGU #FOKTCNU #FQNH X 6TQVJC WPF FGU #FOKTCNU #WIWUV X *GGTKPIGP 'KP QFGT OGJTHCEJ IGHCNVGV VGKNU OKV 'KPTKU UGP WPF CWEJ OKV 4CPFUEJ·FGP LG PCEJ #NVGT KP UGJT WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP 'TJCNVWPIGP #PIGDQVGP OKV 2JQVQMQRKG GKPGT CWUHÒJTNKEJGP #WHUVGNNWPI FGT OKNKV·TKUEJGP .CWHDCJP 5EJCEMU ++ ++ +++ +++ 6TQV\ GKPGT 4GKJG QHHGPUKEJVNKEJ HGJNGPFGT 2CVGPVG 7TMWPFGP WPF &QMWOGPVG ÒDGTCWU XQNNUV·PFKIGT 0CEJNC­ OKV \CJNTGKEJGP DGFGWVGPFGP 5EJTKHVUVÒEMGP FKG GKPGP IWVGP 'KPDNKEM KP FKG OCTKVKOG .CWHDCJP FGU 8K\GCFOKTCNU IGDGP &CU ICP\G 'PUGODNG KUV IGTCFG CWHITWPF FGU 8QTJCPFGPUGKPU \CJNTGKEJGT DGINGKVGPFGT &QMWOGPVG PGDGP FGP XQT JCPFGPGP 2CVGPVGP WPF 7TMWPFGP XQP JÌEJUVGO +PVGTGUUG 7TMWPFGP WPF &QMWOGPVGP -QPXQNWV FGU 8K\GCFOKTCNU 5EJCEM DG\ÒINKEJ UGKPGT 6·VKIMGKV KP -QP UVCPVKPQRGN CNU $GTCVGT FGU QUOCPKUEJGP -TKGIUOKPKUVGTU 'PXGT 2CqC XQO #RTKN DKU #WIWUV DGUVGJGPF CWU EC 5EJTKHVUVÒEMGP 7 C GKP UQIGPCPPVGT -CKUGTRC­ CWUIGUVGNNV KP $GTNKP CO #RTKN OKV OGJTGTGP 5VGORGNP \YGK $QVUEJCHVUR·UUG OGJTGTG 5EJTKHVUVÒEMG GKPGU OKV FGO $TKGH MQRH FGU #EJKNGKQPU KP -QTHW OKV 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHVGP OGJTGTGT DGFGWVGPFGT 2GTUÌPNKEJMGKVGP FGT -CKUGTNKEJGP /CTKPG UQ \YGK FGU )TQ­CFOKTCNU #NHTGF X 6KTRKV\ FGU #FOKTCNU )GQTI #NGZCPFGT X /ÒNNGT )GPGTCNCFLWVCPV FGU -CKUGTU WPF FGU UR·VGTGP -QPVGTCFOKTCNU -CTN XQP 4GUVQTHH GKPG 2QUKVKQPU\GKEJPWPI 6GNGITCOOG WPF JPNKEJGU 'KP QFGT OGJTHCEJ IGHCNVGV VGKNU OKV 'KPTKUUGP WPF CWEJ OKV 4CPFUEJ·FGP LG PCEJ #NVGT KP UGJT WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP 'TJCNVWP IGP ++ ++ +++ +++

132


DEUTSCHES KAISERREICH $GFGWVGPFGU &QMWOGPVGP -QPXQNWV \WT FGWVUEJ QUOCPKUEJGP OKNKV·TKUEJGP <WUCOOGPCTDGKV CO 8QTCDGPF FGU 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIU +PVGTGUUCPV CWEJ XQT CNNGO YGIGP FGU UQIGP -CKUGTRCUUGU 0CEJFGO +UOCKN 'PXGT 2CqC CO /CK XQP 5WNVCP /GJOGF 8 4GqCF \WO QUOCPK UEJGP -TKGIUOKPKUVGT GTPCPPV YQTFGP YCT ICNV UGKP #WIGPOGTM FGT 8GTDGUUGTWPI FGT -ÒUVGPDGHGUVKIWPIGP CWH FGT *CNDKPUGN )CNNKRQNK KP FGP &CTFCPGNNGP <W UGKPGT $GTCVWPI YWTFG FGT UGKV \WT &KURQUKVKQP IGUVGNNVG 8K\GCFOK TCN 5EJCEM FGT LC CNU #TVKNNGTKG 'ZRGTVG XQP DKU \W UGKPGO CMVKXGP &KGPUVGPFG +PURGMVGWT FGT -ÒUVGPCT VKNNGTKG WPF FGU /KPGPYGUGPU UQYKG -QOOCPFCPV FGT $GHGUVKIWPIGP DGK %WZJCXGP IGYGUGP YCT PCEJ -QPUVCPVKPQ RGN GPVUCPFV 0CEJ UGKPGT 4ÒEMMGJT KO #WIWUV YWTFG GT YKG DGKNKGIGPFG 5EJTKHVUVÒEMG DGNGIGP KO ,CJTG UGKVGPU FGU )TQ­GP *CWRVSWCTVKGTU WO #WUMÒPHVG DG\ÒINKEJ FGT UVTCVGIKUEJGP 5KVWCVKQP KP FGP &CTFCPGNNGP IGDGVGP 8QO (GDTWCT DKU \WO ,CPWCT XGTUWEJVGP EC /CPP UVCTMG DTKVKUEJG WPF EC /CPP UVCTMG HTCP\ÌUKUEJG 5VTGKVMT·HVG WPVGT FGO -QOOCPFQ XQP )GPGTCN +CP *COKNVQP CD 0QXGODGT WPVGT )GPGTCN %JCTNGU /QPTQ XQP FGP &CTFCPGNNGP MQOOGPF CWH FGT *CNDKPUGN )CNNKRQNK \W NCPFGP &KGU YWTFG KJPGP FWTEJ ÒDGT QUOCPKUEJG 5QNFCVGP WPVGT FGO -QOOCPFQ XQP 'PXGT 2CqC WPF )GPGTCN 1VVQ .KOCP XQP 5CPFGTU 2CUEJC XGTYGJTV YQDGK ÒDGT CNNKKGTVG WPF ÒDGT QUOCPKUEJG 5QNFCVGP FGP 6QF HCPFGP &KGUG #DHQNIG GKPGT ICP\GP 4GKJG OKNKV·TKUEJGT 7PVGTPGJOWPIGP YKTF \WUCOOGPHCUUGPF CNU &CT FCPGNNGPUEJNCEJV QFGT 5EJNCEJV XQP )CNNKRQNK DG\GKEJPGV +PHQTOCVKQPGP VNY CWU YKMKRGFKC FG YKMKRGFKC GP WPF YKMKRGFKC HT

7OHCPITGKEJGU -QPXQNWV XQP RGTUÌPNKEJGP $TKGHGP WPF &QMWOGPVGP FGU 8K\GCFOKTCNU 5EJCEM DGUVGJGPF CWU EC 5EJTKHVUVÒEMGP ªDGTYKGIGPF CWU FGO ,CJT W C OGJTGTG 5EJTKHVUVÒEMG

GKPGU OKV FGO $TKGHMQRH 5 / ;CEJV *QJGP\QNNGTP OKV 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHVGP OGJTGTGT DGFGWVGPFGT 2GTUÌPNKEJMGKVGP FGT -CKUGTNKEJGP /CTKPG UQ \YGK FGU #FOKTCNU )GQTI #NGZCPFGT X /ÒNNGT )GPGTCNCFLWVCPV FGU -CKUGTU 6GNGITCOOG WPF JPNKEJGU UQYKG MQNQTKGTVG <GKEJPWPI FGU 9CR RGPU FGT (COKNKG 5EJCEM 'KP QFGT OGJTHCEJ IGHCNVGV VGKNU OKV 'KPTKUUGP WPF CWEJ OKV 4CPFUEJ·FGP KP UGJT WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP 'TJCNVWPIGP &C\W KP *QN\ GTJCDGP IGUEJPKV\VGU 9CRRGPTGNKGH FGU (COKNKGPYCR RGPU Z EO OKV OC­UVCDUIGTGEJVGT 9GTMUXQTNCIG <GKEJPWPI ++ 'TKPPGTWPIGP CWU FGO .GDGP XQP 9KNJGNO 5EJCEM 8QP DKU KP IWV NGUDCTGT *CPF UEJTKHV KP FTGK -NCFFGP LGYGKNU Z EO OKV LG WPF 5GKVGP LGYGKNU IGDWPFGP 44 ++ #WVQITCRJKUEJG &CTUVGNNWPI FGT OKNKV·TKUEJGP .CWHDCJP 5EJCEMU OKV 5EJYGTRWPMV CWH FGP \CJNTGKEJGP 5EJKHHUTGKUGP KP FKG ICP\G 9GNV VGKNYGKUG UGJT FGVCKNNKGTV FCTIGUVGNNV

ex 398

)TQ­G 2JQVQITCRJKG WPF EC 2JQVQITCRJKGP )TQ­G 2JQVQITCRJKG XQP 8K\GCFOKTCN 5EJCEM Z EO UKIPKGTV WPF FCVKGTV XQP # *QHHOCPP %WZJCXGP JKPVGT )NCU KO *QN\TCJOGP Z EO WPF 2JQVQITCRJKGP W C XQP 5EJKHHGP 2CTCFGP #P $QTF /CPÌXGTP CWEJ OKV -CKUGT 9KNJGNO ++ WPF )TQ­CFOKTCN X 6KTRKV\ GKPGU IGTCJOV KP XGTUEJKGFGPGP 'TJCNVWPIGP ++ ++ +++ +++ &KG ITQ­G 2JQVQITCRJKG CDIGDKNFGV XQT -CVCNQI 0T \GKIV 5EJCEM KP FGT 7PKHQTO GKPGU MCKUGTNKEJGP 8K\GCFOK TCNU KO XQNNGP 1TFGPUUEJOWEM OKV -NGKPQF 5EJWNVGTDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP FGU 'JTGP )TQ­MTGW\GU FGU QNFGPDWTIK UEJGP *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUVQTFGPU FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI $TWUVUVGTP FGU TWO·PKUEJGP 1TFGPU -TQPG 4WO·PKGPU -TGW\ WPF $TWUVUVGTP -NCUUG FGU RTGW­KUEJGP 4QVGP #FNGT 1TFGPU -QOVWTMTGW\ -NCUUG FGU YÒTVVGODGTIKUEJGP (TKGFTKEJUQTFGP -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\ FGU 5EJYGFKUEJGP 5EJYGTV 1TFGPU WPF FTGKVGKNKIGT 1TFGPU UEJPCNNG RTGW­KUEJG 1HHK\KGT &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI HÒT &KGPUVLCJTG %JKPCFGPMOÒP\G HÒT -·ORHGT RTGW­K UEJG <GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG

133


DEUTSCHES KAISERREICH

4GKUG 5 / 5 5GGCFNGT XQP 9KNJGNO 5EJCEM +P IWV NGUDCTGT *CPFUEJTKHV KP FKEMGT -NCFFG Z EO OKV LG ITÌ­VGPVGKNU DGUEJTKGDGPGP 5GKVGP OKV GKPIGMNGDVGP 2JQVQITCRJKGP WPF 2QUKVKQPU\GKEJPWPIGP OKV HCTDKIGO 'ZNKDTKU 5EJCEM IGDWPFGP OKV EC NQUG DGKIGHÒIVGP 2JQVQ ITCRJKGP 44 ++ #WUHÒJTNKEJGU WPF FGVCKNNKGTVGU 4GKUG 6CIGDWEJ 5EJCEMU XQP FGTGP $GIKPP DKU /KV 5EJTGKDGP FGU 5VCCVUUGMTGV·TU FGU 4GKEJU /CTKPG #OVU XQO #WIWUV GPVJCNVGP KP -CV 0T YWTFG -QTXGVVGP -CRKV·P 9KNJGNO 5EJCEM FCU -QOOCPFQ ÒDGT FGP -NGKPGP -TGW\GT 5/5 5GGCFNGT ÒDGTVTCIGP &GT -NGKPG 7PIGUEJÒV\VG -TGW\GT +8 -NCUUG FGT UQIGP $WUUCTF -NCUUG YCT KP &KGPUV IGUVGNNV YQTFGP &KG $CWMQUVGP DGNKGHGP UKEJ CWH EC /KQ /CTM +P FGP ,CJTGP WPF GTHQNIVG GKP ITÒPFNKEJGT 7ODCW FGU 5EJKHHU 0CEJFGO FKG ō5GGCFNGTŋ CO 1MVQDGT GTPGWV KP &KGPUV IGUVGNNV YQTFGP YCT YWTFG UKG \YGK 9QEJGP UR·VGT PCEJ &GWVUEJ 0GWIWKPGC UGKV FGWVUEJG -QNQPKG GTJGDNKEJ XGTITÌ­GTV WPF &GWVUEJ 5COQC FGWVUEJG -QNQPKG CD DGQTFGTV &KG 4GKUG XGTNKGH XQO 1MVQDGT CP XQP &GWVUEJNCPF CWU KPU 'KPUCV\IGDKGV ÒDGT FCU /KVVGNOGGT WPF FGP 5WG\ -CPCN 0QXGODGT KP FGP +PFKUEJGP 1\GCP PCEJ %QNQODQ CWH 5TK .CPMC &G \GODGT YGKVGT ÒDGT 5KPICRWT &G\GODGT KPU -QNQPKCNIGDKGV YQ UKG /KVVG ,CPWCT GKPVTCH 'U HQNIVGP XGTUEJKGFGPG 'KPU·V\G KP FGO YGKVN·WHKIGP -QNQPKCNIGDKGV DKU KP FGP ,WNK 'PFG ,WNK PCEJ 6UKPIVCW DGQTFGTV NCPIVG FKG 5GGCFNGT FQTV CO #WIWUV CP WPF DKNFGVG GKPGP 6GKN FGU 1UVCUKCVKUEJGP -TGW\GTIGUEJYCFGTU FCU \WT 6GKNPCJOG CP FGT 0KGFGTUEJNCIWPI FGU UQIGP $QZGT #WHUVCPFGU DGHQJNGP YCT 'U HQNIVGP XGTUEJKGFGPG 'KPU·V\G KP %JKPC 0CEJ UGKPGT #DNÌUWPI XQP FKGUGO -QOOCPFQ GTHQNIVG 5EJCEMU *GKOTGKUG XQP 'PFG 5GRVGODGT DKU #PHCPI 1MVQDGT XQP 5EJCPIJCK CWU &KG 5/5 5GGCFNGT FCTH PKEJV XGTYGEJUGNV YGTFGP OKV FGO INGKEJPCOKIGP *KNHUMTGW\GT FGUUGP -QOOCPFCPV FGT -CRKV·PNGWVPCPV (GNKZ )TCH XQP .WEMPGT FGT UQIGP 5GGVGWHGN YCT &CU 6CIGDWEJ GPVJ·NV \CJNTGKEJG FGVCKNNKGTVG 5EJKNFGTWPIGP WPF 2JQVQITCRJKGP FGT $GXÌNMGTWPI FGU -QNQPKCNIGDKGVGU KP FGT 5ÒFUGG YQOKV GU PKEJV PWT CWU OCTKPGOKNKV·TKUEJGT WPF MQNQPKCNIGUEJKEJVNKEJGT UQPFGTP CWEJ CWU GVJPQNQIK UEJGT 5KEJV XQP JQJGO +PVGTGUUG UGKP FÒTHVG +PHQTOCVKQPGP VNY CWU YKMKRGFKC FG

'PFG FGU &QMWOGPVGP 6GKNPCEJNCUUGU FGU 8K\G #FOKTCNU 5EJCEM

ex 400

#WU\GKEJPWPIU WPF 7TMWPFGP 6GKNPCEJNC­ FGU -CKUGTNKEJGP /CTKPG 5VCDUCT\VGU &T 4QDGTV $TÒI IGOCPP 5CEJUGP %QDWTI WPF )QVJC *GT\QINKEJ 5CEJUGP 'TPGUVKPKUEJGT *CWUQTFGP &KRNQO \WO 4KVVGTMTGW\ ++ -NCUUG FCVKGTV )QVJC CO 5GRVGODGT OKV 2CRKGTUKGIGN WPF 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV *GT\QI %CTN 'FWCTFU \WUCOOGP OKV GKPGO #WU\WI CWU FGP 5VCVWVGP DGKFG &QMWOGPVG GKPOCN IGHCNVGV 1UOCPKUEJGU 4GKEJ 1UOCPLG 1TFGP =1UOCPÄ 0KqCPÓ? /QFGNN &GMQTCVKQPGP OKV ITÒP GOCKNNKGTVGP 5VTCJNGP ņ &GMQTCVKQP -NCUUG 5KNDGT VNY DTKNNCPVKGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV KP JGTXQTTCIGPFGO <WUVCPF OKV $CPFUVÒEM KO QTKIKPCNGP ITÒPUCOVGPGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK \WUCOOGP OKV FGO 8GTNGKJWPIUHKTOCP HÒT &T $TÒIIGOCPP FCVKGTV -QPUVCPVKPQRGN CO 5EJC CDCP #* = 5GRVGODGT #& ? OKV 4GUV FGU ªDGTUGPFWPIU %QWXGTVU ªDGTUGV\WPI WPF 6TCIGIGPGJOKIWPI FGU 5VCVKQPUCT\VGU FGT /CTKPG 5VCVKQP FGT 1UVUGG FCVKGTV -KGN CO #RTKN LGYGKNU GKP QFGT OGJT HCEJ IGHCNVGV <YGK 2JQVQITCRJKGP GKPG OKV &T $TÒIIGOCPP OKV FGO $CPF FGU 1UOCPLG 1TFGPU KO -PQRHNQEJ GKPG \WUCOOGP OKV QUOCPKUEJGP 9ÒTFGPVT·IGTP WPF YGKVGTGP &COGP WPF *GTTGP KO 5CNQP FGT 5/5 .QTGNG[ KP -QPUVCPVKPQRGN + ++ ++ +++ +8 &T 4QDGTV $TÒIIGOCPP FKGPVG WPVGT FGO -QOOCPFQ XQP -CRKV·PNGWVPCPV D\Y -QTXGVVGPMCRKV·P 9CNVGT *KNFGDTCPF CNU -CKUGTNKEJGT 1DGTCUUKUVGP\CT\V CP $QTF FGT 5/5 .QTGNG[ WPF YQJN CD CNU /CTKPG 5VCDUCT\V CP FGT 1UVUGG &KG GTDCWVG WTURTÒPINKEJ DTKVKUEJG &CORHLCEJV /QJKECP YWTFG XQP FGT -CKUGTNKEJGP &GWVUEJGP /CTKPG WPF WPVGT FGO 0COGP 5/5 .QTGNG[ CNU FGWVUEJGU 5VCVKQPUUEJKHH XQT -QPUVCPVKPQRGN KP &KGPUV IGUVGNNV 0CEJ KJTGT #W­GTFKGPUV 5VGNNWPI CO 0QXGODGT YWTFG UKG FGT 6ÒTMGK ÒDGTNCUUGP 7PVGT FGO 0COGP *CEK 2CqC HWJT UKG CNU (TCEJVGT 5GKV ,CPWCT KUV FCU 5EJKHH KO 5EJYCT\GP /GGT XGTUEJQNNGP

#O 'PFG FGT 1NFGPDWTI 5COONWPI $G[TGK­ DKGVGP YKT WPVGT FGT -CV 0T GKPG )NÒEMYWPUEJ #FTGUUG FGU $WPFGUTCVGU FGU &GWVUEJGP 4GKEJGU CP 134


DEUTSCHES KAISERREICH

403 401

404 402 (1:1,5)

/GFCKNNG HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FCU /KNKV·T $TKGHVCWDGPYGUGP 0KEJV VTCIDCT /QFGNN OKV FGO -QRH -CKUGT 9KNJGNOU ++ ņ $TQP\GPG /GFCKNNG -WRHGT DTQP\KGTV 0/ E ++

%JKPC &GPMOÒP\G /GFCKNNG HÒT -·ORHGT $TQP\G CP INCVVGT ITQ­GT <YGKGT 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG OKV \YGK CWHIGNGIVGP )GHGEJVUURCPIGP .+#0) 5+#0) 5*+'0 UKE WPF 0#0 *70) /'0 \WUCOOGP OKV FGT RTGW­KUEJGP &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI /QFGNN -NCUUG /GFCKNNG HÒT +: &KGPUVLCJTG $·PFGT VTCIG DGFKPIV GVYCU \GTUEJNKUUGP TÒEMUGKVKIGU #DFGEMVWEJ WPF 0CFGN HGJNGP 4 ++ .CWV 'HNGT KP $: 5 H JCDGP CP FGT 'TQDGTWPI FGT 5VCFV .KCPI *UKCPI *UKGP FWTEJ FCU MCKUGTNKEJG /CTKPG 'ZRG FKVKQPUMQTRU CO 5GRVGODGT EC 5QNFCVGP WPF KJTG 1HHK\KGTG UQYKG DTKVKUEJG $GPICN .CEGTU VGKNIG PQOOGP &KG )GHGEJVUURCPIG FKG GU KP OGJTGTGP 5EJTGKDYGKUGP IKDV YWTFG OKV #NNGTJÌEJUVGT 1TFTG -CKUGT 9KN JGNOU ++ XQO 5GRVGODGT IGPGJOKIV #O 5GRVGODGT MCO GU NCWV 'HNGT KP $: 5 H DGK FGT 1TVUEJCHV 0CP *WPI /GP \YKUEJGP EC 5QNFCVGP WPF KJTGP 1HHK\KGTGP WPF EC %JKPGUGP \WO )GHGEJV YQDGK NGV\VGTG KP FKG (NWEJV IGUEJNCIGP YWTFGP &KG \WIGJÌTKIG )GHGEJVUURCPIG YWTFG PKG QHHK\KGNN IGUVKHVGV KJT 6TCIGP LGFQEJ IGFWNFGV

%JKPC &GPMOÒP\G /GFCKNNG HÒT -·ORHGT PKEJV OCIPGVKUEJGU YGK­GU /GVCNN OKV DGKFUGKVKI FGWV NKEJ CDYGKEJGPFGO 2T·IGDKNF UGJT UVCTM IGVTCIGP QJPG $CPF +++ &CU 2T·IGDKNF FKGUGT /GFCKNNG YGKEJV UQYQJN CWH #XGTU YKG CWEJ 4GXGTU FGWVNKEJ XQP FGP CPFGTGP 2T·IWPIGP CD 'U JCPFGNV UKEJ JKGTDGK YQJN WO GKPG PKEJV FGWVUEJG #PHGTVKIWPI OÌINKEJGTYGKUG WO GKPG TWUUKUEJG

%JKPC &GPMOÒP\G /GFCKNNG KP 5VCJN HÒT 0KEJVM·ORHGT 5VCJN GVYCU HNWITQUVKI CP MTCWUGT 'KPGT 1T FGPUUEJPCNNG \WUCOOGP OKV -PQRHNQEJUEJNGKHG KO PKEJV RCUUGPFGP PGWGP 'VWK $9- 0/ D 1'- ++

407

405

406

5ÒFYGUVCHTKMC &GPMOÒP\G &GPMOÒP\G KP 5VCJN 5VCJN OKV 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT 5KIPCVWT & 5%*7.6< OKP -QTTQUKQPUURWTGP CO UEJOCNGP MWT\GP $CPFUVÒEM 1'- ++

)TQ­GU #D\GKEJGP HÒT $CJP 2QNK\GK $GCOVG Z OO /GUUKPIDNGEJ FWTEJDTQEJGP IGCTDGKVGV CP 0CFGN ++

5VKHVWPIUOGFCKNNG 8QP ' (KPMG KP $GTNKP XGTUKNDGTV KP /GUUKPI XGTIQNFGVGT (CUUWPI FKGUG CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG OKV 9KFOWPIUITCXWT 5VKHVWPIUOGFCKNNG )GY X -CO 2 &\KGTICPQYUMK CO QTKIKPC NGP CNVGP MQPHGMVKQPKGTVGP NCPIGP *CNUDCPF 4 ++

135


WEIMARER REPUBLIK

409 408

411 410

-TKGIUMTGW\ FGU *KNHUXGTGKPU &GWVUEJGT (TCWGP 6NY XGTIQNFGV WPF VNY NCEMKGTV CP 0CFGN KO 'VWK *' C ++

/WVOC­N -TKGIUCPFGPMGP FGU 'KUGPDCJP 6ÌEJVGTJQTVGU 5VÒEM KP WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGT #WUHÒJTWPI &WTEJOGUUGT LG OO LGYGKNU XGTUKNDGTV FKG GTUVG OKV ¤UG WPF $CPFTKPI FKG \YGKVG OKV $TQUEJKG TWPI 4 ++ & )TKGXG UVGNNV KP UGKPGO #TVKMGN 2CWN XQP $TGKVGPDCEJ /GFCKNNG 'KUGPDCJP 6ÌEJVGTJQTV GTUEJKGPGP KO +PVGTPC VKQPCNGP /KNKVCTKC /CIC\KP 0T XQO 0QXGODGT &G\GODGT 5 FKGUG /GFCKNNGP WPF FGTGP IG UEJKEJVNKEJGP *KPVGTITÒPFG XQT YQDGK GT OWVOC­V FC­ GU UKEJ JKGTDGK OÌINKEJGTYGKUG WO FKGLGPKIGP -TKGIUCPFGP MGP JCPFGNP MÌPPVG FKG FKG 8GTYCNVWPI FGT 'KUGPDCJP 6ÌEJVGTJQTVG KP FGT \YGKVGP *·NHVG FGU 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIU \WT $GUEJCHHWPI XQP HKPCP\KGNNGP /KVVGNP HÒT FGP 7PVGTJCNV FGT *GKOG XGTMCWHVG

/GFCKNNG )QNF ICD KEJ HÒT 'KUGP FGU (NQVVGPXGTDWPFGU &GWVUEJGT (TCWGP 'KUGP IGUEJY·T\V CP UEJÌPGT CNVGT ITQ­GT &COGPUEJNGKHG 4 ++

6TGWGFKGPUV $TQUEJG FGU 8QNMU *GKNUV·VVGP 8GTGKPU XQO 4QVGP -TGW\ 5KNDGT VNY GOCKNNKGTV 2QT\GN NCP OKV 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC /WFTC 5VKNNGT QJPG 8GT NGKJWPIUITCXWT CP 0CFGN *' ++ &GT 8QNMUJGKNUV·VVGPXGTGKP XQO 4QVGP -TGW\ YCT FGO &GWVUEJGP 4QVGP -TGW\ CPIGINKGFGTV WPF YKFOGVG UKEJ WPVGT FGO 2TQVGMVQTCV FGT FGWVUEJGP -CKUGTKP #WIWUVG 8KMVQTKC )GOCJNKP -CKUGT 9KNJGNOU ++ FGT 2HNGIG WPF *GKNWPI XQP 6WDGTMWNQUGMTCPMGP (ÒT FKG 5EJYGUVGTP FGT *GKOG KP 2TGW­GP WPF 'NUCU .QVJTKPIGP UVKHVGVG FKG 2TQVGMVQTKP OKV )GPGJOKIWPI FGU -CKUGTU GKPG $TQUEJG HÒT NCPIL·JTKIG VTGWG &KGPUVG +P UGKPGO CWUHÒJTNKEJGP #TVKMGN ÒDGT FKGUG UGNVGPG $TQUEJG XGTÌHHGPVNKEJV KP 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP 0T XQO &G\GODGT 5 DKU NGIV .QVJCT 6GYGU FCT FC­ GU XQP FKGUGT $TQUEJG \YGK 8GTUKQPGP IGDG GKPG OKV FGO UQIGP .QVJTKPIGT -TGW\ HÒT 'NUC­ .QVJTKPIGP WPF GKPG QJPG FCUUGNDG HÒT 2TGW­GP #NNGTFKPIU JCV 6GYGU JKGTDGK ÒDGTUG JGP FC­ \WO <GKVRWPMV FGT 5VKHVWPI FGT $TQUEJG FCU .QVJTKPIGT -TGW\ PQEJ PKEJV CNU RQNKVKUEJGU 5[ODQN HÒT .QVJ TKPIGP XGTYGPFGV YWTFG #NNGTFKPIU YCT FKGUGU -TGW\ Y·JTGPF FGU 'TUVGP +PVGTPCVKQPCNGP -QPITGUUGU IGIGP FKG 6WDGTMWNQUG KP 2CTKU XQP FGT +PVGTPCVKQPCNGP 7PKQP IGIGP FKG 6WDGTMWNQUG 7+%6 CNU KPVGTPCVKQPCNGU 5[ODQN FGU -CORHGU IGIGP FKGUG UEJYGTG -TCPMJGKV CPIGPQOOGP YQTFGP 5QOKV HKPFGV UKEJ FKGUGU 5[ODQN CWH CNNGP 6TGWG FKGPUV $TQUEJGP KPPGTJCND FGU 4QVGP -TGW\GU YQOKV FKG 'ZKUVGP\ XQP $TQUEJGP QJPG .QVJTKPIGT -TGW\ FGHKPKVKX XGTPGKPV YGTFGP MCPP +P FGOUGNDGP #TVKMGN UEJ·V\V 6GYGU FC­ DKU KPUIGUCOV MCWO OGJT CNU DKU FKGUGT $TQUEJG XGTNKGJGP YQTFGP UKPF +PHQTOCVKQPGP VNY CWU YKMKRGFKC FG

412

413

&'765%*'5 4'+%* 51)'0 9'+/#4'4 4'27$.+-

$CNVGPMTGW\ FGU $CNVKUEJGP 0CVKQPCN #WUUEJWUUGU 5VGEMFGMQTCVKQP 5KNDGT IGRTÒHV IGUEJY·T\V VNY XGTIQNFGV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG 5KNDGTRWP\G VGKNY FWTEJ FKG $TQUEJKGTWPI XGTFGEMV CP 0CFGN <WUCOOGP OKV OCUEJKPGPIGUEJTKGDGPGP 8QTN·WHKIGO $GUKV\\GWIPKU HÒT -COGTCF -GOO FCVKGTV $CWUMG CO ,WNK OKV 5VGORGN WPF 7PVGTUEJTKHV OGJTHCEJ IGHCNVGV WPF CO 4CPF GVYCU DGUEJ·FKIV 0/ XCT 1'- 444 + ++ 9GFGT 0KGOCPP KP 0/ PQEJ 0KOOGTIWV KP 1'- MGPPGP GKPG #WUHÒJTWPI KP 5KNDGT

136

$CNVGPMTGW\ FGU $CNVKUEJGP 0CVKQPCN #WUUEJWUUGU $CPF &GMQTCVKQP $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGT\GKEJGP FGT (KTOC 2CWN /G[DCWGT KP $GTNKP CO $CPF &C\W \YGK YGKVGTG $CPFCD UEJPKVVG 0/ XCT 1'- ++


WEIMARER REPUBLIK

415

414

416

417

418

5EJNGUKUEJGU $GY·JTWPIU #D\GKEJGP UQIGP 5EJNGUKUEJGT #FNGT #D\GKEJGP 5VWHG UKNDGTHCTDGPG #WUHÒJTWPI $WPVOGVCNN XGTUKNDGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV 8GTUKNDGTWPI VNY DGTKGDGP CP 0CFGN $9- 0/ F 1'- 4 ++ +++ 9GFGT 0KGOCPP KP 0/ PQEJ 0KOOGTIWV KP 1'- MGPPGP FKGUG #WUHÒJTWPI

5EJNGUKUEJGU $GY·JTWPIU #D\GKEJGP UQIGP 5EJNGUKUEJGT #FNGT #D\GKEJGP 5VWHG GOCKNNKGTVG #WUHÒJTWPI $WPVOGVCNN XGTUKNDGTV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN $9- 0/ F ++

5EJNGUKUEJGU $GY·JTWPIU #D\GKEJGP UQIGP 5EJNGUKUEJGT #FNGT #D\GKEJGP 5VWHG NCEMKGTVG #WU HÒJTWPI 'KUGP NCEMKGTV VNY DGTKGDGP CP 0CFGN 0CFGNJCMGP WPHCEJIGO·­ CNV TGRCTKGTV $9- 0/ F 1'- ++

5EJNGUKUEJGU $GY·JTWPIU #D\GKEJGP UQIGP 5EJNGUKUEJGT #FNGT #D\GKEJGP 5VWHG DTÒPKGTVG #WUHÒJTWPI 'KUGP DTÒPKGTV VNY XGTUKNDGTV CP 0CFGN $9- 0/ F 1'- ++

5EJNGUKUEJGU $GY·JTWPIU #D\GKEJGP UQIGP 5EJNGUKUEJGT #FNGT #D\GKEJGP 5VWHG GOCKNNKGTVG #WUHÒJTWPI $WPVOGVCNN XGTUKNDGTV WPF GOCKNNKGTV OKV MWT\GO $TWUVDCPF $9- 0/ J 4 ++ +P FGT 5VWHG PKEJV J·WHKI KP GOCKNNKGTVGT #WUHÒJTWPI \W HKPFGP

421 419

420

422

5EJNGUKUEJGU $GY·JTWPIU #D\GKEJGP UQIGP 5EJNGUKUEJGT #FNGT #D\GKEJGP 5VWHG NCEMKGTVG #WU HÒJTWPI 'KUGP NCEMKGTV CO $TWUVDCPF $9- 0/ J ++

5EJNGUKUEJGU $GY·JTWPIU #D\GKEJGP UQIGP 5EJNGUKUEJGT #FNGT #D\GKEJGP 5VWHG DTÒPKGTVG #WUHÒJTWPI DTÒPKGTV CO $TWUVDCPF $9- 0/ J ++

#D\GKEJGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FKG -QNQPKGP UQIGP -QNQPKCN #D\GKEJGP QFGT 'NGRJCPVGP 1T FGP 9GK­OGVCNN XGTUKNDGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG )'5 )'5%*ª6<6 04 CP 0CFGN $9- 0/ 1'- ++

-CORHYCIGP #D\GKEJGP Z OO I 5KNDGT IGRTÒHV JQJN IGRT·IV WPF XGTDÌFGV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG 5KNDGTRWP\G OKV .WHVFTWEM #WUINGKEJUNQEJ WPVGTJCND FGU 0CFGNJCMGPU CP TWPFGT 0C FGN $9- 0/ C 1'- ++ &CU 'TKPPGTWPIUCD\GKEJGP HÒT FKG $GUCV\WPIGP FGWVUEJGT -CORHYCIGP 2CP\GT Y·JTGPF FGU 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIU YWTFG CO ,WNK XQO 4GKEJUYGJTOKPKUVGT 1VVQ )GUNGT IGUVKHVGV 'U MQPPVG CWH #PVTCI FGP GJG OCNKIGP $GUCV\WPIUOKVINKGFGTP XGTNKGJGP YGTFGP YQDGK GU LGFQEJ CWH GKIGPG 4GEJPWPI DGUEJCHHV YGTFGP OW­VG .CWV 0KOOGTIWV KP 0+ 5 UKPF KPUIGUCOV PWT 8GTNGKJWPIGP GTHQNIV

137


WEIMARER REPUBLIK

424

426

423

427 425

'JTGP\GKEJGP FGU &GWVUEJGP 4QVGP -TGW\GU /QFGNN 'JTGP\GKEJGP + -NCUUG $WPV OGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV QJPG *CNUDCPF $9- -&1 1'- ++

'TKPPGTWPIU -TGW\ \WO L·JTKIGP $GUVGJGP FGU 8CVGTN·PFKUEJGP (TCWGP 8GTGKPU XQO 4QVGP -TGW\ $TQP\G IGUEJY·T\V VNY GOCKNNKGTV CP &COGPUEJNGKHG KP FGT QTKIKPCNGP UKNDGTHCTDGP DG FTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUUEJCEJVGN *' L ++

$TQUEJG FGT $GTWHUQTICPKUCVKQP FGT -TCPMGPRHNGIGTKPPGP &GWVUEJNCPFU 'TUVG #WUHÒJTWPI 5KNDGT VNY GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN TÒEMUGKVKIGT QDGTGT (KZKGTJCMGP CDIGDTQEJGP OKV TÒEMUGKVKIGT /CVTKMGNPWO OGT CP 0CFGN *' C 4 ++

2NCMGVVG CWH FKG -CPFKFCVWT FGU )GPGTCNHGNFOCTUEJCNNU 2CWN XQP *KPFGPDWTI \WO 4GKEJURT·UKFGP VGP 0KEJV VTCIDCT &WTEJOGUUGT OO CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC 2 /G[DCWGT KP $GTNKP KO 1TKIKPCNGVWK ++

&KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPIU 5EJTGKDGP FGU 4GKEJURT·UKFGPVGP 2CWN XQP *KPFGPDWTI (ÒT FGP 8GTUCPFNGKVGT 1VVQ ,CJP KP )TGK\ FCVKGTV $GTNKP CO /CK OKV (CMUKOKNG 7PVGTUEJTKHV XQP *KPFGPDWTI WPF ITQ­GO 2T·IGUKGIGN GKPOCN IGHCNVGV #WUTK­ TGUVCWTKGTV ++ +++ +PVGTGUUCPVGT $GNGI HÒT FKG QTFGPNQUG <GKV FGT 9GKOCTGT 4GRWDNKM

430 (1:2)

428 429

(4'+-1425

#D\GKEJGP FGU 5GNDUVUEJWV\GU 1DGTUEJNGUKGP /GUUKPIDNGEJ XGTIQNFGV VNY XGTUKNDGTV OKV XKGT .ÌEJNGKP \WO #PP·JGP (- 5 1'- ++

#D\GKEJGP FGT &GWVUEJGP 5EJWV\FKXKUKQP +PH &KXKUKQP /GUUKPIDNGEJ 8GTUKNDGTWPI VTCIGDGFKPIV XQNNUV·PFKI XGTICPIGP OKV \YGK .ÌEJNGKP \WO (GUVP·JGP (- 5 ++

&'765%*' 51.&#6'0 70& 8'6'4#0'08'4$ 0&'

138

&GWVUEJGT -TKGIGT $WPF -QPXQNWV XQP XKGT /KVINKGFUCD\GKEJGP $TGUNCW %CUGN *CNNG 5CCNG 3WGFNKPDWTI ,GYGKNU MQORNGVV OKV $CPFUEJNGKHGP WPF CPJ·PIGPFGP -TGW\GP *' D 0-8 HH ++


WEIMARER REPUBLIK

431

434

432 433

0CVKQPCNUQ\KCNKUVKUEJGT 4GKEJUMTKGIGTDWPF #D\GKEJGP HÒT L·JTKIG /KVINKGFUEJCHV *' H 0-8 ++

-[HHJ·WUGT 8GTDCPF FGT -TKGIUDGUEJ·FKIVGP WPF -TKGIUJKPVGTDNKGDGPGP <YGK WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJG /KVINKGFUCD\GKEJGP HÒT *GTTGP CP 0CFGN WPF GKP /KVINKGFUCD\GKEJGP HÒT &COGP CNU $TQUEJG &C\W YQJN CNVGU /ÒV\GPCD\GKEJGP FGU -[HHJ·WUGTDWPFGU GOCKNNKGTV OKV \YGK 5RNKPVGP ++

/GFCKNNG (ÒT 6CRHGTMGKV KO 9GNVMTKGIG FGU $WPFGU &GWVUEJGT /CTKPG 8GTGKPG $TQP\G CO $TWUVDCPF *' J #/8 0-8 0/ C ++

-QNQPKCNCWU\GKEJPWPI FGU &GWVUEJGP -QNQPKCNMTKGIGTDWPFGU UQIGP .ÌYGPQTFGP -QNQPKCNCWU \GKEJPWPI KP 5KNDGT 5VGEMFGMQTCVKQP $WPVOGVCNN XGTUKNDGTV CP 0CFGN #/8 *' D 0-8 0/ C ++

438

435

436

437 439

ex 440

-QNQPKCNCWU\GKEJPWPI FGU &GWVUEJGP -QNQPKCNMTKGIGTDWPFGU UQIGP .ÌYGPQTFGP -QNQPKCNCWU \GKEJPWPI KP $TQP\G $CPFFGMQTCVKQP $TQP\G CO $TWUVDCPF *' E 0-8 0/ D ++

/CEMGPUGP 'JTGPMTGW\ FGU 9CHHGPTKPIU &GWVUEJGT -CXCNNGTKG 'JTGPMTGW\ -NCUUG $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC % *CTPQNF KP %QDWTI CP 0CFGN #/8 *' G /-8 0/ C ++

/CEMGPUGP 'JTGPMTGW\ FGU 9CHHGPTKPIU &GWVUEJGT -CXCNNGTKG 'JTGPMTGW\ -NCUUG $WPVOGVCNN XGTUKNDGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC % *CTPQNF KP %QDWTI CP 0CFGN #/8 *' H /-8 0/ D ++

6TCFKVKQPUCD\GKEJGP FGT &GWVUEJGP 7PVGTUGGDQQVU -COGTCFUEJCHV $TQP\G OKV 4GUVXGTUKNDGTWPI VNY GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN #/8 *' D 4 ++

#PJCNVKUEJGT .CPFGU -TKGIGTXGTDCPF /KVINKGFUCD\GKEJGP XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN #/8 *' C 0-8 ++

$TCWPUEJYGKIGT .CPFYGJT 8GTDCPF /KVINKGFUCD\GKEJGP KP WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGT #PHGTVKIWPI XGTUKN DGTV CP 0CFGNP *' C 0-8 0/ D ++

139


WEIMARER REPUBLIK

445

441 ex 444

ex 443 (1:2)

1NFGPDWTIGT .CPFGU -TKGIGTXGTDCPF 'JTGPMTGW\ ++ -NCUUG $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV QJPG $CPF #/8 0-8 ++

2TGW­KUEJGT .CPFGU -TKGIGTXGTDCPF #WUHÒJTWPI OKV NCEMKGTVGP 5EJKNFGTP 5VÒEM /KVINKGFUCD \GKEJGP FGU .CPFYGJT W -TKGIGT 8GTGKPU 6CPIGTOÒPFG /KVINKGFUCD\GKEJGP HÒT ,CJTG /KV $·P FGTP CP 0CFGNP #/8 *' D E 0-8 ++

2TGW­KUEJGT .CPFGU -TKGIGTXGTDCPF #WUHÒJTWPI OKV GOCKNNKGTVGP 5EJKNFGTP 5VÒEM /KV INKGFUCD\GKEJGP HÒT ,CJTG /KVINKGFUCD\GKEJGP HÒT ,CJTG /KV $·PFGTP CP 0CFGNP #/8 *' G F 0-8 ++

-TKGIGTXGTGKP 'JTGPMTGW\ FGU 2TGW­KUEJGP .CPFGU -TKGIGTXGTDCPFGU 5VÒEM 'JTGPMTGW\ -NCUUG #WUHÒJTWPI $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN 'JTGPMTGW\ -NCUUG XGTUKN DGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF #/8 *' J K 0-8 0/ C D ++

*KPFGPDWTI -TGW\ FGU 2TGW­KUEJGP .CPFGU -TKGIGTXGTDCPFGU $WPVOGVCNN XGTUKNDGTV CO $TWUVDCPF #/8 4 ++

446

447

448

-TKGIGTXGTDCPF 2QVUFCO 5VGEMCD\GKEJGP HÒT /KVINKGFGT FGU 8QTUVCPFU $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV HGKPUVG 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC % ( ,WPEMGT KP $GTNKP CP 0CFGN 0-8 0/ 44 ++ -TKGIGTXGTDCPF 2QVUFCO 9QJN 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV FKG WTURTÒPINKEJ XQTJCPFGPG 'OCKNNG FGT -TGW\CTOG YWTFG CNV UQTIH·NVKI XQNNUV·PFKI GPVHGTPV QJPG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJ PWPI CP 0CFGN 0-8 444 ++ QF +8 #WHITWPF FGT XQNNUV·PFKIGP ªDGTGKPUVKOOWPI FKXGTUGT (NGEMGP CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FGU 5VÒEMGU JCPFGNV GU UKEJ JKGTDGK IGPCW WO FCU DGK 0KOOGTIWV KP 0-8 5 0T CDIGDKNFGVG 'ZGORNCT FCU FQTV OKV TGVWUEJKGTVGP YGK­GP -TGW\CTOGP YKGFGTIGIGDGP YQTFGP KUV &KGU URTKEJV HÒT FKG CW­GTQTFGPVNKEJG 5GNVGPJGKV FGU 5VÒEMU FC LC UQPUV OKV .GKEJVKIMGKV FKG #DDKNFWPI GKPGU WPTGVWUEJKGTVGP 1TKIKPCN 'ZGORNCTU OÌINKEJ IGYGUGP Y·TG /ÌINKEJ KUV CDGT CWEJ FC­ OCP XQT FGT 8GTICDG FWTEJ FKG 'PVHGTPWPI FGT 'OCKNNG FGT -TGW\CTOG ICP\ DGYW­V GKPG PKGFTKIGTG 5VWHG UEJCHHGP YQNNVG WPF GU UKEJ UQOKV WO GKP 7PKMCV JCPFGNP FÒTHVG

140

5EJÒV\GPFGMQTCVKQP FGU 8GTDCPFGU FGT 6TCFKVKQPUXGTGKPG FGT RTGW­KUEJGP )CTFG 4GIKOGPVGT 5KNDGT JQJN IGHGTVKIV VNY XGTIQNFGV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG 5KNDGTRWP\G WPF \YGK .WHVFTWEM #WU INGKEJU .ÌEJNGKP ,CJTGUITCXWT QJPG $CPF QFGT -GVVG 4 ++


WEIMARER REPUBLIK

449

450

451

452

/GFCKNNG \WO L·JTKIGP ,WDKN·WO FGU $TCWPUEJYGKIKUEJGP +PHCPVGTKG 4GIKOGPVU 0T WPF FGU $TCWPUEJYGKIKUEJGP *WUCTGP 4GIKOGPVU 0T UQIGP 6QVGPMQRH *WUCTGP KO ,CJT $TQP\G CP 2GPVCIQPCN $CPFURCPIG 0-8 QFGT 75 ++ (GUV #D\GKEJGP \WO L·JTKIGP ,WDKN·WO FGU $TCWPUEJYGKIKUEJGP +PHCPVGTKG 4GIKOGPVU 0T WPF FGU $TCWPUEJYGKIKUEJGP *WUCTGP 4GIKOGPVU 0T UQIGP 6QVGPMQRH *WUCTGP KO ,CJT #WUHÒJTWPI OKV $CPFUEJNGKHG $WPVOGVCNN XGTUKNDGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN 75 4 ++ 'KPGU FGT UEJÌPUVGP FGWVUEJGP 4GIKOGPVU ,WDKN·WOUCD\GKEJGP 0KOOGTIWV KP 0-8 5 0T MGPPV FKG #WUHÒJTWPI OKV FGT 5EJNGKHG PKEJV CWH UGKPGT #DDKNFWPI GKPGU 'ZGORNCTU QJPG 5EJNGKHG KUV LGFQEJ FGWVNKEJ FKG $TWEJUVGNNG \W UGJGP CP FGT FKG 5EJNGKHG WTURTÒPINKEJ DGHGUVKIV YCT

1TFGPUTCV FGT &GWVUEJGP 'JTGPNGIKQP K 8 FGU 8GTDCPFGU PCVKQPCN IGUKPPVGT 5QNFCVGP G 8 5KNDGT PGU 4KVVGTMTGW\ FGT &GWVUEJGP 'JTGPNGIKQP $WPVOGVCNN XGTUKNDGTV WPF GOCKNNKGTV 8GTUKNDGTWPI VNY DGTKGDGP GVYCU XGTUEJOWV\V CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC -NGKUV KP $GTNKP CP 0CFGN 0-8 0/ E ++

1TFGPUTCV FGT &GWVUEJGP 'JTGPNGIKQP K 8 FGU 8GTDCPFGU PCVKQPCN IGUKPPVGT 5QNFCVGP G 8 $TQP \GPGU 4KVVGTMTGW\ FGT &GWVUEJGP 'JTGPNGIKQP $TQP\G GOCKNNKGTV GVYCU XGTUEJOWV\V CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC -NGKUV KP $GTNKP CP 0CFGN 0-8 0/ E ++

453 455 454 456 1:2

1TFGPUTCV FGT &GWVUEJGP 'JTGPNGIKQP K 8 FGU 8GTDCPFGU PCVKQPCN IGUKPPVGT 5QNFCVGP G 8 )QN FGPG 'JTGPURCPIG HÒT &COGP XGTIQNFGV CWH &COGPUEJNGKHG OQPVKGTV 0-8 4 ++

1TFGPUTCV FGT &GWVUEJGP 'JTGPNGIKQP K 8 FGU 8GTDCPFGU PCVKQPCN IGUKPPVGT 5QNFCVGP G 8 &GWV UEJG 'JTGPFGPMOÒP\G FGU 9GNVMTKGIGU $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV CP )TQ­GT MTCWUGT 'KPGT 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG OKV CWHIGNGIVGO -CORHCD\GKEJGP /KV TÒEMUGKVKIGO #DFGEMVWEJ CP 0CFGN <WUCOOGP OKV FTGK ITQ­GP WPF \YGK MNGKPGP 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGP FGP 5CV\WPIGP WPF GKPGT /KVVGKNWPI LGYGKNU OGJTHCEJ IGHCNVGV WPF VGKNU OKV 'KPTKUUGP 0-8 0/ C D + ++ ++ +++ +++ +P JGTXQTTCIGPFGT 'TJCNVWPI &KG 1TKIKPCNUCV\WPIGP XQP ITQ­GT 5GNVGPJGKV

1TFGPUTCV FGT ¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJGP 'JTGPNGIKQP ¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJGU -TKGIU 'JTGPMTGW\ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G &5 CO $TWUVDCPF OKV /KPKCVWT \WUCOOGP OKV FGT QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG HÒT ,QJ 'FOWPF 5EJWDGTV CWU )TÒPC FCVKGTV CO 5GRVGODGT OKV 7PVGTUEJTKHV WPF 5VGORGN \YGK /CN IGHCNVGV ++ /KV 7TMWPFG UGNVGP \W HKPFGP

'JTGP WPF 'TKPPGTWPIUMTGW\ FGU /CTKPGMQTRU (NCPFGTP -QPXQNWV XQP WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP )G HGEJVUURCPIGP #069'42'0 (.#0&'405%*.#%*6 (.#0&'405%*.#%*6 &74%*$47%*5%*.#%*6 &74%*$47%*5%*.#%*6 5''-4+') 51//'

Z ;2'40 Z WPF ;5'4 Z FKG FTGK FQRRGNVGP OKV WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGO 5EJTKHVDKNF LGYGKNU $TQP\G VGKNU XGTIQNFGV LGYGKNU OKV 5RNKPVGP DGK GKPGO #069'42'0 GKP 5RNKPV CDIGDTQEJGP #/8 0-8 HH 0/ D ++

141


WEIMARER REPUBLIK

457 458

461

459 460

&GWVUEJGU (GNF 'JTGP <GKEJGP $WPVOGVCNN XGTUKNDGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4Ã’EMUGKVG *#/$74) CP FQRRGNVGT &TCJVPCFGN <WUCOOGP OKV /KPKCVWT CP 0CFGN KO 1TKIKPCNGVWK &C\W GKP YGKVGTGU NGGTGU 'VWK FTGK $GUKV\\GWIPKUUG FCVKGTV WPF OKV 7PVGTUEJTKHVGP \YGK OKV 5KGIGNUVGORGN FC\W 2JQVQMQRKG GKPGU 5EJTGKDGPU Ã’DGT FKG 6TCIGIGPGJOKIWPI \WT 5# 7PKHQTO XQP *' C D 0-8 0/ + 'ZGORNCT KP VCFGNNQUGT 'TJCNVWPI -TKGIUGJTGPMTGW\ FGU 'JTGPDWPFGU &GWVUEJGT 9GNVMTKGIUVGKNPGJOGT G 8 -TKGIUGJTGP MTGW\ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP $TQP\G VNY GOCKNNKGTV CO $TWUVDCPF *' E 0-8 0/ ++

-TKGIUIGHCPIGPGP 'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG $WPVOGVCNN XGTUKNDGTV CP $CPFTQNNG 0-8 0/ ++

&GWVUEJ $GMGPPVPKUMTGW\ FGU &GWVUEJGP 0CVKQPCNCWUUEJWUUGU &GWVUEJGT 8QNMUQTFGP G 8 -TGW\ -NCUUG #WUHÃ’JTWPI KP GKPGO 5VÃ’EM WPF OKV URKV\GP 'KPUEJPKVVGP \YKUEJGP FGP -TGW\CTOGP $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV 5RTWPI KP FGT TQVGP 'OCKNNG CO $TWUVDCPF 0-8 0/ D ++

-TKGIUHTGKYKNNKIGP 'TKPPGTWPIUMTGW\ FGT 8GTGKPKIWPI GJGO -TKGIUHTGKYKNNKIGT &GWVUEJNCPFU G 8 $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV VNY GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN KO GVYCU DGUEJ·FKIVGP 1TKIKPCNGVWK 0-8 0/ + ++ 'ZGORNCT KP JGTXQTTCIGPFGT 'TJCNVWPI

464

465

463

466

462

&GWVUEJG -TKGIUIGHCPIGPGP 'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG FGU &GWVUEJGP -TKGIGTDWPFGU G 8 /GFCKNNG HÃ’T *GKOMGJTGT $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV CO $TWUVDCPF OKV $CPFURCPIG '0).#0& 0-8 ++ 0KOOGTIWV DKNFGV KP 0-8 5 WPVGT 0T IGPCW FKGUGU 'ZGORNCT CD

142

2TGW­KUEJGU -TKGIUGTKPPGTWPIUMTGW\ FGT 8GTGKPKIWPI 2TGW­KUEJGT -TKGIUVGKNPGJOGT KO &GWVUEJGP -TKGIGTDWPF G 8 5KNDGTPGU -TGW\ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP $WPVOGVCNN XGTUKNDGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO $TWUVDCPF 0-8 QFGT 0/ D ++

5·EJUKUEJGU -TKGIU 'JTGPMTGW\ FGU $WPFGU 5·EJUKUEJGT (TQPVUQNFCVGP KO &GWVUEJGP -TKGIGTDWPF G 8 'JTGPMTGW\ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP #WUHÃ’JTWPI OKV GOCKNNKGTVGT 4Ã’EMUGKVG $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV OKP *CCTTK­ CWH FGT 4Ã’EMUGKVG CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF *' G 0/ H 0-8 ++

5·EJUKUEJGU -TKGIU 'JTGPMTGW\ FGU $WPFGU 5·EJUKUEJGT (TQPVUQNFCVGP KO &GWVUEJGP -TKGIGTDWPF G 8 'JTGPMTGW\ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP #WUHÃ’JTWPI OKV YGK­GO /GFCKNNQP 4KPI $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF VNY GOCKNNKGTV #PHGTVKIWPI OKV RQNKGTVGP 4·PFGTP CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF *' H 0/ H XCT 0-8 ++

'JTGPPCFGN FGU $C[GTKUEJGP .CPFUVWTOU 5KNDGTPG 'JTGPPCFGN XGTUKNDGTV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN ++


WEIMARER REPUBLIK

471 467 468

469

470

8GTDCPF FGT (TQPVM·ORHGT FGU 9GNVMTKGIU G 8 $TGOGP )TQ­GU #D\GKEJGP OKV 5EJYGTVGTP XGTUKNDGTV CP 0CFGN *' C 0-8 0/ C 4 ++

8GTDCPF FGT (TQPVM·ORHGT FGU 9GNVMTKGIU G 8 $TGOGP -NGKPGU #D\GKEJGP OKV 5EJYGTVGTP XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN *' CD 0-8 0/ C 4 ++

'JTGPMTGW\ FGU 'JTGPDWPFGU 5·EJUKUEJGT 9GNVMTKGIUVGKNPGJOGT G 8 'JTGPMTGW\ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV CO $TWUVDCPF 0-8 0/ D ++

1UVHTQPV -TGW\ FGU 'JTGPDWPFGU 5·EJUKUEJGT 9GNVMTKGIUVGKNPGJOGT G 8 -COGTCFUEJCHVUDWPFGU &GWVUEJGT 1UV WPF 9GUVHTQPVM·ORHGT G 8 $TQP\G VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV VNY XGTUKNDGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC (NGEM 5QJP KP *CODWTI CO $TWUVDCPF 0-8 0/ G ++

.CPIGPOCTEM -TGW\ FGU 4GUGTXG -QTRU )TÒPGU -QTRU -ÌNP 8GTUKNDGTV CP 0CFGN WPF QTKIKPCNG 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG HÒT 9 /CUMG FCVKGTV -ÌNP CO &G\GODGT FQRRGNV IGHCNVGV OKV 'KPTKUUGP 0-8 0/ C 4 ++ ++ +++ &KG 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG KUV XQP ITQ­GT 5GNVGPJGKV

472 473

476

477

4GIKOGPVUMTGW\ FGU 1UVRTGW­KUEJGP +PHCPVGTKG 4GIKOGPVU *GT\QI -CTN XQP /GEMNGPDWTI 5VTG NKV\ 0T <YGK 'ZGORNCTG OKV LGYGKNU WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP -TGW\GP GKPGU OKV PCEJ WPVGP IGMTGW\VG 5EJYGTVGTP WPF GKPGU QJPG $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV LGYGKNU CWH 'KPGT 5EJPCNNG OQPVKGTV OKV $CPFURCPIG WPF -CKUGTMTQPG + ++

4GIKOGPVU 'TKPPGTWPIUMTGW\ FGU (GNF #TV 4IVU -TGW\ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV CO $TWUVDCPF OKV $CPFURCPIG ('.& #46 4)6 0-8 0/ C ++

4GIKOGPVU 'TKPPGTWPIUMTGW\ FGU 4GU +PH 4IVU -TGW\ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV CO $TWUVDCPF OKV $CPFURCPIG 4'5 ,0( 4)6 0-8 0/ C ++

4GIKOGPVU 'TKPPGTWPIUMTGW\ FGU 4GU +PH 4IVU -TGW\ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV CO $TWUVDCPF OKV $CPFURCPIG 4'5 ,0( 4)6 0-8 0/ C ++

4GIKOGPVU 'TKPPGTWPIUMTGW\ FGU )CTFG (WUU #TV 4GIVU -TGW\ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP $WPVOGVCNN XGT IQNFGV CP )TQ­GT MTCWUGT 'KPGT 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG OKV $CPFURCPIG )#4&' (755 #46 4)6 0-8 0/ C ++

4GIKOGPVU 'TKPPGTWPIUMTGW\ FGU -TKGIUNC\CTGVVU -TGW\ QJPG 5EJYGTVGT $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV CO $TWUVDCPF OKV $CPFURCPIG -4+')5.#<#4'66 0-8 0/ C ++

143


WEIMARER REPUBLIK

482

478 1:1,5

484

483

$CVCKNNQPU 'TKPPGTWPIUMTGW\ FGU 4GU ,·I $CV -TGW\ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV CP )TQ­GT MTCWUGT 'KPGT 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG OKV $CPFURCPIG 4 , ) $#6 <WUCOOGP OKV (GNFUEJPCNNG WPF #D\GKEJGP FGU 8GTGKPU FGU 4GU ,·IGT $CVN 0-8 0/ D ++

$CVCKNNQPU 'TKPPGTWPIUMTGW\ FGU ,·I $CV -TGW\ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV $TWUVDCPF OKV $CPFURCPIG , ) $#6 0-8 0/ D ++

-QPXQNWV XQP OGJTGTGP 4GIKOGPVU WPF /CTKPG 'TKPPGTWPIUMTGW\GP &TGK 'TKPPGTWPIUMTGW\G OKV 5EJYGTVGTP $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV OKV $·PFGTP HÒPH $CPFURCPIGP .&9 ,0( 4)6 4'5 ,0( 4)6 64#+0 #$6 ,0( 4)6 WPF /#4 -1425 (.#0&'40 FCXQP \YGK OKV PWT GKPGO 5RNKPV UQYKG /KPKCVWT OKV $·PFEJGP ++ +++

&TGK (GNFUEJPCNNGP 'KPG GT GKPG GT WPF GKPG GT (GNFUEJPCNNG LGYGKNU OKV OGJTGTGP $·PFGTP XQP -TKGIGTXGTGKPU WPF 4GIKOGPVU 'JTGP\GKEJGP ++

$4'/'0 (4'+' *#05'56#&6

'KUGTPGT 4QNCPF FGU $TGOGT $ÒTIGTCWUUEJWUUGU 'KUGP NCEMKGTV .CEMKGTWPI VNY DGTKGDGP QJPG *GT UVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG CP 0CFGN 0/ 1'- ++

1.&'0$74) (4'+56##6

'JTGPMTGW\ FGT 8GTGKPKIVGP FTGK 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGP -COOGTP 'JTGPMTGW\ -NCUUG 5VGEMMTGW\ $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN KP 5EJCEJVGN FGT (KTOC $GTPJ -PCWGT KP 1NFGPDWTI /& 5 + ++ &CU 'JTGPMTGW\ FGT 8GTGKPKIVGP FTGK 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGP -COOGTP +PFWUVTKG WPF *CPFGNUMCOOGT *CPFYGTMU MCOOGT WPF .CPFYKTVUEJCHVUMCOOGT YWTFG KP \YGK -NCUUGP -NCUUG CNU 5VGEMMTGW\ WPF -NCUUG CNU $CPFMTGW\ HÒT WPF ,CJTG IGIGP FGP 9KFGTUVCPF FGT 4GIKGTWPI FGU &GWVUEJGP 4GKEJGU XGTNKGJGP

'JTGPMTGW\ FGT 8GTGKPKIVGP FTGK 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGP -COOGTP 'JTGPMTGW\ -NCUUG $CPFMTGW\ $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO 1TKIKPCNDCPF OKV 0CFGN /& 5 ++

486 (1:1)

485 (1:1)

486 (1:1)

'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG CP FGP -COGTCFGPVCI WPF FKG &GPMOCNU 'KPYGKJWPI FGU 1UVHTKGUKUEJGP (GNF CTVKNNGTKG 4GIKOGPVU 0T CO WPF 5GRVGODGT KP 1NFGPDWTI #NWOKPKWO QJPG $CPF 75 44 ++ +++ 8QP ITQ­GT 5GNVGPJGKV 'KP INGKEJGU 'ZGORNCT YWTFG KP FGT #WMVKQP FGT 9GUVH·NKUEJGP #WMVKQPUIGUGNNUEJCHV 9#) KO 5GRVGODGT -CV 0T HÒT &/ RNWU #WHIGNF \WIGUEJNCIGP &GT 5VCD WPF FKG + #DVGKNWPI OKV FGO 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGP WPF 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGP $CVCKNNQP FGU GTTKEJ VGVGP WPF \WT &KXKUKQP FGU : #TOGGMQTRU IGJÌTKIGP 4GIKOGPVU YCTGP KP 1NFGPDWTI UVCVKQPKGTV FKG ++ #DVGK NWPI KP 1UPCDTÒEM

Prämienmedaille der Landes-Gartenbau-Ausstellung in Oldenburg 1925. 0KEJV VTCIDCT $WPVOGVCNN XGTUKNDGTV RR + ++ 8QP ITQ­GT 5GNVGPJGKV 'KP INGKEJGU 'ZGORNCT YWTFG KP FGT #WMVKQP FGT .GKR\KIGT /ÒP\JCPFNWPI WPF #WMVKQP *GKFTWP *ÌJP KP .GKR\KI KO /CK -CV 0T \WO 2TGKU XQP '74 RNWU #WHIGNF \WIGUEJNCIGP

144


WEIMARER REPUBLIK

488 (1:1)

487 (1:1)

488 (1:1)

5EJÒV\GP #WU\GKEJPWPI FGU 1NFGPDWTIKUEJGP $WPFGUUEJKG­GPU KP &GNOGPJQTUV KO ,WPK 8GTUKNDGTV CWH #XGTU WPF 4GXGTU ITCXKGTV CP MNGKPGT 5EJNGKHG ++

24'755'0 (4'+56##6 70& 4'27$.+-

'TKPPGTWPIU\GKEJGP FGU /QDKNOCEJWPIU #WUUEJWUUGU XQO 4QVGP -TGW\ FGT 2TQXKP\ 5CEJUGP &WTEJOGUUGT OO <KPM QJPG $CPF \WUCOOGP OKV FGO QTKIKPCNGP ªDGTUGPFWPIUUEJTGKDGP FCVKGTV /CIFGDWTI CO ,CPWCT OGJTHCEJ IGHCNVGV WPF GVYCU GKPIGTKUUGP 444 ++ +++ 8QP CNNGTITÌ­VGT 5GNVGPJGKV 9GFGT *ÒUMGP KP *ª WPF KP *2 PQEJ 0KGOCPP KP 0/ QFGT 5EJGOGKV KP 5/6 MGPPGP FKGUG /GFCKNNG

490 (1:1)

490 (1:1) 489 (1:1)

'JTGPMTGW\ GKPGU 'OFGPGT 5EJÒV\GPMÌPKIU FGT 5QPFGTMNCUUG 5KNDGT JQJN IGCTDGKVGV XGTIQNFGV

8GTIQNFWPI VNY DGTKGDGP CWH FGT 8QTFGTUGKVG ITCXKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG 510&'4-.#55' 5%*ª6< - '/&'0 CP -TQPGP ªDGTJÌJWPI OKV 0CFGN ++ /GFCKNNG CWU #PNC­ FGU 0QTFYGUVFGWVUEJGP $G\KTMUUEJKGUUGPU XQO DKU ,WPK &WTEJ OGUUGT OO 5KNDGT CO $CPF KP 5EJCEJVGN 4 ++ #WH FGT 8QTFGTUGKVG FGT /GFCKNNG KUV FGT -NGKPG -TGW\GT 5/5 'OFGP + \W UGJGP FGT KP &KGPUV IGUVGNNV YQTFGP KUV 0CEJ GKPGO )GHGEJV OKV FGO CWUVTCNKUEJGP .GKEJVGP -TGW\GT *#/5 5[FPG[ UGV\VG FGT -QOOCPFCPV FGT 'OFGP -CTN XQP /ÒNNGT UGKP 5EJKHH CO 0QXGODGT DGYW­V CWH GKP -QTCNNGPTKHH DGKO FGO \W FGP %QEQU +PUGNP IGJÌTGPFGP #VQNN 0QTVJ -GGNKPI WO FGT $GUCV\WPI DGUUGTG 4GVVWPIUEJCPEGP \W GTOÌINKEJGP 0QEJ KP -TKGIUIGHCPIGPUEJCHV GTJKGNV GT CO /·T\ XQP 9KNJGNO ++ FGP 1TFGP RQWT NG O¾TKVG XGTNKGJGP &KG 'OFGP IKNV CNU FCU DGMCPPVGUVG FGWVUEJG -TKGIUUEJKHH FGU 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIU )GO·­ GKPGU 'TNCUUGU FGT 2TGW­K UEJGP 4GIKGTWPI KP ªDGTGKPUVKOOWPI OKV FGO 4GKEJUYGJTOKPKUVGT YWTFG CNNGP ÒDGTNGDGPFGP $GUCV\WPIUOKVINKGFGTP WPF KJTGP GJGNKEJGP 0CEJMQOOGP FCU 4GEJV XGTNKGJGP CWH #PVTCI FGO GKIGPGP 0CEJPCOGP FGP $GKPCOGP 'O FGP JKP\W\WHÒIGP (ÒT FKG QHV CWHIGUVGNNVG $GJCWRVWPI FKGU UGK CWHITWPF GKPGT #NNIGOGKPGP -CDKPGVVUQTFTG 9KN JGNOU ++ GTHQNIV JCDGP UKEJ DKUJGT PQEJ MGKPGTNGK $GNGIG HKPFGP NCUUGP #NNGTFKPIU KUV FGO 6QTRGFQQHHK\KGT FGT 'OFGP (TCP\ ,QUGRJ XQP *QJGP\QNNGTP XQO KO 'ZKN DGHKPFNKEJGP 9KNJGNO ++ IGO·­ FGP JQJGP\QN NGTPUEJGP *CWUIGUGV\GP HÒT UKEJ WPF UGKPG GJGNKEJGP 0CEJMQOOGP GTNCWDV YQTFGP UGKPGP 0COGP KP *QJGP\QNNGTP 'OFGP \W ·PFGTP YCU YKGFGTWO FWTEJ GKPGP 'TNC­ FGU 2TGW­KUEJGP +PPGPOKPKUVGTU XQO 0QXGODGT IG PGJOKIV YQTFGP KUV

145


DRITTES REICH

&'765%*'5 4'+%* 51)'0 &4+66'5 4'+%* 4GEJVNKEJGT *KPYGKU \W 1DLGMVGP FGU &GWVUEJGP 4GKEJGU XQP DKU UQIGP ō&TKVVGU 4GKEJŋ 5QNCPIG UKEJ -WPFG WPF 8GTM·WHGT PKEJV IGIGPVGKNKI ·W­GTP XGTUKEJGTP UKG FC­ UKG )GIGPUV·PFG WPF $ÒEJGT CWU FGT <GKV FGU &GWVUEJGP 4GKEJGU XQP DKU PWT \W <YGEMGP FGT UVCCVUDÒTIGTNKEJGP #WHMN·TWPI FGT #DYGJT XGTHCUUWPIUYKFTKIGT $GUVTGDWPIGP FGT -WPUV QFGT FGT 9KUUGPUEJCHV FGT (QT UEJWPI QFGT FGT .GJTG FGT $GTKEJVGTUVCVVWPI ÒDGT 8QTI·PIG FGU <GKVIGUEJGJGPU QFGT FGT )GUEJKEJVG QFGT \W ·JPNKEJGP <YGEMGP GTYGTDGP &KGUG )GIGPUV·PFG WPF $ÒEJGT YGTFGP ITWPFU·V\NKEJ PWT WPVGT FKGUGP 8QTCWUUGV\WPIGP CPIGDQVGP WPF CDIGIGDGP 5QOKV UVGNNV FGT 'TYGTD XQP )GIGPUV·PFGP WPF $ÒEJGTP CWU FKGUGT <GKV WPVGT FGP QDGP CWHIGHÒJTVGP 8QTCWUUGV\WPIGP IGO·­ FGT hh C #DU D\Y #DU 5V)$ MGKPGP 5VTCHVCVDGUVCPF KO 5KPPG FGU h C #DU 5V)$ FCT 7PVGT FKGUGP 7OUV·PFGP KUV GU CNUQ ITWPFU·V\NKEJ GTNCWDV 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GK EJGP FKG KP h #DU )GUGV\ ÒDGT 6KVGN 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP PKEJV CWHIGHÒJTV UKPF UQYKG #D\GK EJGP OKV PCVKQPCNUQ\KCNKUVKUEJGP 'ODNGOGP \W XGTMCWHGP WPF \W GTYGTDGP WPF FKGU GPVIGIGP FGP $GUV KOOWPIGP FGU h #DU )GUGV\ ÒDGT 6KVGN 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP &GUJCND JCV FGT $WPFGUOKPKUVGT FGT ,WUVK\ OKV 5EJTGKDGP ++ XQO FGO UGKPGT\GKVKIGP 8QTUKV\GPFGP FGU $WPFGU FGWVUEJGT 1TFGPUUCOONGT G 8 CWUFTÒEMNKEJ GTMN·TV FC­ FGT 'TYGTD XQP 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP CWU FGT <GKV FGU UQIGPCPPVGP ō&TKVVGP 4GKEJGUŋ FWTEJ GTPUVJCHVG WPF QTICPKUKGTVG 5COONGT OKV FGO <KGN FKGUGP )GIGPUVCPF KP GKPG 5COONWPI GKP\WHÒIGP MGKPGP 5VTCH VCVDGUVCPF KO 5KPPG FGU )GUGV\GU FCTUVGNNV

491 494 492

8GTFKGPUVQTFGP XQO &GWVUEJGP #FNGT &GWVUEJG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP -TKGIUOGVCNN DTQP\KGTV $TQP\KGTWPI DGTKGDGP QJPG $CPF -&1 XCT 0/ D 1'- XCT ++ +++ -&1 WPF 1'- YGKUGP MGKPG #PHGTVKIWPIGP KP -TKGIUOGVCNN CWU 0/ OCEJV MGKPG #PICDGP \WO /CVGTKCN

.WHVUEJWV\ 'JTGP\GKEJGP 'JTGP\GKEJGP 5VWHG #NWOKPKWO CO QTKIKPCNGP $QIGPDCPF $9- 0/ D -&1 1'- ++

'JTGPMTGW\ FGT &GWVUEJGP /WVVGT UQIGP /WVVGTMTGW\ /QFGNN OKV TÒEMUGKVKIGT +PUEJTKHV &G\GODGT -TGW\ 5VWHG UQIGP 5KNDGTPGU /WVVGTMTGW\ $WPVOGVCNN XGTUKNDGTV WPF GOCKN NKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF WPF 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG FGT 'TUVXGTNGKJWPI HÒT /KPPC 4KEJVGT KP &TGU FGP FCVKGTV $GTNKP CO /CK OKV 2T·IGUKGIGN WPF (CMUKOKNG 7PVGTUEJTKHVGP #FQNH *KVNGT WPF /GKUUPGT PKEJV IGHCNVGV WPF 2TQITCOO FGT (GKGTUVWPFG XQO /CK KP &TGUFGP -&1 0/ D 1'- + ++

&GWVUEJGU 6WTP WPF 5RQTVCD\GKEJGP #WUICDG OKV /QPQITCOO &4# \YGK #D\GKEJGP KP )QNF LGYGKNU $TQP\G OKV 4GUVXGTIQNFWPI FCU GKPG CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG OKV *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGU *QHLWYG NKGTU 'WIGP /CTEWU KP $GTNKP FCU CPFGTG OKV /CEM 2WTDU KP $GTNKP LGYGKNU CP 0CFGN 0CFGN WPF 0CFGNJCMGP GKPGU 'ZGORNCTU OÌINKEJGTYGKUG TGUVCWTKGTV $9- -&1 0/ C 1'- 4 ++ 8QP FKGUGP *GTUVGNNGTP UGNVGP

146

&GWVUEJGU 6WTP WPF 5RQTVCD\GKEJGP #WUICDG OKV /QPQITCOO &4# GKP #D\GKEJGP KP 5KNDGT XQP 9GTPUVGKP KP ,GPC $WPVOGVCNN XGTUKNDGTV WPF \YGK #D\GKEJGP KP $TQP\G $TQP\G XQP 9GTPUVGKP WPF .CWGT KP 0ÒTPDGTI LGYGKNU CP 0CFGNP WPF FTGK #PUVGEM /KPKCVWTGP KP )QNF XGTIQNFGV 5KNDGT XGTUKN DGTV WPF $TQP\G $9- -&1 0/ D E 1'- ++


DRITTES REICH

498

496 1:1,5

4GKEJUURQTVCD\GKEJGP #WUICDG OKV /QPQITCOO &4. WPF *CMGPMTGW\ XQNNUV·PFKIGT 5CV\ FGU )QN FGPGP 5KNDGTPGP WPF $TQP\GPGP #D\GKEJGPU LGYGKNU XQP 9GTPUVGKP KP ,GPC $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV D\Y XGTUKNDGTV WPF KP $TQP\G GKP YGKVGTGU KP <KPM QJPG *GTUVGNNGT LGYGKNU CP 0CFGN GKP 5VQHH #WHP·JGT FGU $TQP\GPGP 'JTGP\GKEJGPU \YGK /KPKCVWTGP FGU #D\GKEJGPU KP )QNF XGTIQNFGV WPF GKPG FGU #D\GKEJGPU KP $TQP\G $9- -&1 0/ C E 1'- + ++ ++ +++ 4GKEJUURQTVCD\GKEJGP #WUICDG OKV /QPQITCOO &4. WPF *CMGPMTGW\ XKGT 'ZGORNCTG FGU #D\GK EJGPU KP $TQP\G OKV XGTUEJKGFGPGP *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPIGP XQP *GPUNGT KP 2HQT\JGKO (GTF 9CIPGT 2GV\ .QTGP\ KP 4GKEJGPDCEJ WPF 'TPUV 5EJPGKFGT KP .Ã’FGPUEJGKF LGYGKNU CP 0CFGN $9- -&1 0/ E 1'- ++ 0KEJV J·WHKI XQTMQOOGPFG *GTUVGNNGT

4GKEJUURQTVCD\GKEJGP HÃ’T -TKGIUXGTUGJTVG $WPVOGVCNN XGTUKNDGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV CWH FGT 4Ã’EMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC 9GTPUVGKP KP ,GPC CP 0CFGN $9- -&1 0/ 1'- ++

4GKEJULWIGPFURQTVCD\GKEJGP #WUICDG OKV *CMGPMTGW\ GKPG #WUHÃ’JTWPI HÃ’T ,WPIGP CP 0CFGN WPF GKPG HÃ’T /·FEJGP DTQUEJKGTV LGYGKNU OKV 4GUVXGTUKNDGTWPI $9- -&1 0/ C D 1'- ++

500 501

&GWVUEJGU 4GKVGTCD\GKEJGP #D\GKEJGP -NCUUG )QNFUVWHG $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV 8GTIQNFWPI VNY DGTKGDGP CWH FGT 4Ã’EMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC . %JT .CWGT KP 0Ã’TPDGTI WPF $GTNKP CP 0CFGN \WUCOOGP OKV /KPKCVWT XGTIQNFGV CP 0CFGN KO 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK OKV FGT #WHUEJTKHV 4GKVGT $TQP\G $TQP\G OKV $NGKUVKHV FWTEJIGUVTKEJGP FCTÃ’DGT JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ )QNF ++

&GWVUEJGU 2HGTFGRHNGIGTCD\GKEJGP -NCUUG KP $TQP\G $TQP\G CWH FGT 4Ã’EMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJ PWPI FGT )GDT .CWGT KP 0Ã’TPDGTI $TQUEJKGTWPI CNV GTI·P\V $9- -&1 0/ E 1'- ++ +++

147


DRITTES REICH

502 (1:1)

502 (1:1)

)QNFGPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP FGT 05&#2 UQIGP )QNFGPGU 2CTVGKCD\GKEJGP 5GV FGU )TQ­GP WPF MNGK PGP #D\GKEJGPU FCU ITQ­G #D\GKEJGP $WPVOGVCNN XGTDÌFGV XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG OKV )'5 )'5%* JQTK\QPVCNGT .KPKG KP FGT /KVVG GKPIGUEJNCIGPGT 6T·IGTPWOOGT WPF XGTVKMCNGT $TQUEJKGTWPI FCU MNGKPG #D\GKEJGP $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG OKV GKPIGUEJNCIGPGT 6T·IGTPWOOGT CO WPVGTGP 4CPF WPF XGTVKMCNGT $TQUEJKGTWPI QJPG *GTUVGN NGTDG\GKEJPWPI $9- -&1 XCT 0+ C D 1'- XCT ++

503 (1:1)

1TFGP FGU 'KUGTPGP -TGW\GU 4KVVGTMTGW\ FGU 'KUGTPGP -TGW\GU #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC % ' ,WPEMGT KP $GTNKP 'KUGPMGTP OCIPGVKUEJ IGUEJY·T\V <CTIG 5KNDGT CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG WPVGTJCND FGT ¤UG CWH FGO -QRH UVGJGPFG 5KNDGTRWP\G WPF *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G . FGT (KTOC ,WPEMGT CWH 8QT FGT WPF 4ÒEMUGKVG TWPFWO -TCV\GT KO IGTKHHGNVGP 4CPF FGT <CTIG FGT 5RTWPITKPI RWP\KGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP MQPHGMVKQPKGTVGP *CNUDCPF -&1 0/ D 1'- ++ &KGUGU 'ZGORNCT GPVURTKEJV KP CNNGP &GVCKNU FGO DGK &KGVTKEJ /CGT\ KP /4& 5 H CDIGDKNFGVGP 'ZGORNCT $GUQPFGTU FKG HÒT CNNG ,WPEMGT 'ZGORNCTG V[RKUEJGP ªDGTMTGW\WPIGP FGT .KPKGP FGT 4KHHGNWPIGP KP FGP \W FGP -TGW\OKVVGP CWUIGTKEJVGVGP 'EMGP FGT <CTIGP $QTFKGTWPI CWH 8QTFGT WPF 4ÒEMUGKVG HKPFGP UKEJ CWEJ DGK FGO JKGT CPIGDQVGPGP 5VÒEM &KG 2WP\KGTWPI GPVURTKEJV DGUQPFGTU JKPUKEJVNKEJ FGT . CDIGUGJGP XQP FGT CWH FGO -QRH UVGJGPFGP FGT OKVVNGTGP #DDKNFWPI DGK /CGT\ KP /4& 5 9KT JCNVGP FKGUGU 'ZGORNCT VTQV\ FGT CWH FGO -QRH UVGJGPFGP HÒT GKP \YGKHGNUHTGKGU 1TKIKPCNGZGORNCT

504

148

505

1TFGP FGU 'KUGTPGP -TGW\GU 'KUGTPGU -TGW\ + -NCUUG HNCEJG #WUHÒJTWPI 'KUGPMGTP IG UEJY·T\V <CTIG XGTUKNDGTV 8GTUKNDGTWPI CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG DGTKGDGP QJPG *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G CP 0CFGN KO QTKIKPCNGP UKNDGTHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK $9- F -&1 0/ G 1'- ++ ++

-TKGIUQTFGP FGU -TKGIUXGTFKGPUVMTGW\GU -TKGIUXGTFKGPUVMTGW\ + -NCUUG $WPVOGVCNN XGTUKNDGTV CP 0CFGN FKGUG OKV *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G FGT (KTOC -CTN )UEJKGTOGKUVGT KP 9KGP $9- 0/ -&1 1'- ++


DRITTES REICH

506 (1:1)

(CNNUEJKTOUEJÒV\GPCD\GKEJGP FGU *GGTGU #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC % ' ,WPEMGT KP 5KNDGT #WU HÒJTWPI OKV CPIGNGIVGT -NCWG 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV I 8GTIQNFWPI VNY XGTICPIGP FGT #FNGT OKV \YGK MNGKPGP 4WPFMQRHPKGVGP KO -TCP\ DGHGUVKIV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FGU -TCP\GU 9KFOWPIUITCXWT *RVO $CWGT WPF (CNNUEJKTO +PH $VN CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FGU #FNGTU 5KNDGTRWP\G CP 0CFGN OKV 5KEJGTWPIUU[UVGO $9- -&1 0+ 1'- 444 ++ +P GEJV 5KNDGT XQP CNNGTITÌ­VGT 5GNVGPJGKV

507 (1:1)

5GGMCORHCD\GKEJGP FGT .WHVYCHHG $WPVOGVCNN VNY XGTIQNFGV VNY XGTUKNDGTV WPF VNY RCVKPKGTV Z OO $TGKVG FGU #FNGTU OO I FGT #FNGT CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG OKV \YGK 4WPFMQRH PKGVGP DGHGUVKIV CP 3WGT $TQUEJKGTWPI OKV 5KEJGTWPIUJCMGP JKPVGT FGO #FNGT ++ 5GJT SWCNKV·VUXQNNG #PHGTVKIWPI FGU CO 0QXGODGT XQP 4GKEJUOCTUEJCNN *GTOCPP )ÌTKPI 1DGTDGHGJNUJCDGTU FGT .WHVYCHHG IGUVKHVGVGP -CORHCD\GKEJGPU FGWVNKEJ RT·\KUGT WPF JCPFYGTMNKEJ JQEJYGTVKIGT IGHGTVKIV CNU FKG UCVVUCO DGMCPPVGP 0CEJHGTVKIWPIGP WPF (·NUEJWPIGP 1D GU UKEJ JKGTDGK WO GKP 8QTNCIGUVÒEM QFGT WO GKPG 0CEJHGTVKIWPI CWU FGT <GKV PCEJ FGO <YGKVGP 9GNVMTKGI OÌINKEJGTYGKUG CWU FGO <GKVTCWO \YKUEJGP WPF JCPFGNV MQPPVG NGKFGT PKEJV FGHKPKVKX IGMN·TV YGTFGP +P IGPCW FKGUGT /CEJCTV UKPF CWEJ 2CP\GTMCORHCD \GKEJGP FGT .WHVYCHHG WPF 'TFMCORHCD\GKEJGP OKV 'KPUCV\\CJN KP UGJT IGTKPIGT #WHNCIG DGMCPPV FKG PCEJ FGO 'PFG FGU -TKGIGU JGTIGUVGNNV YQTFGP UKPF +P 6GKN % #DUEJPKVV ++ FGT $GUVKOOWPIGP HÒT FKG 8GTNGKJWPIGP FGU 5GGMCORHCD\GKEJGPU FGT .WHVYCHHG GTNCUUGP CO XQO 1DGTMQOOCPFQ FGT .WHVYCHHG XGTÌHHGPVNKEJV KO .WHVYCHHGP 8GTQTFPWPIUDNCVV #WUICDG XQO ,CPWCT 5 YGTFGP CWUFTÒEMNKEJ <KPM WPF 'KUGP HÒT FKG $TQUEJKGTWPI CNU /CVGTKCNKGP HÒT FKG *GTUVGN NWPI FGU #D\GKEJGPU HGUVIGNGIV 5QYQJN -NKGVOCPP KP -. 5 H 0T ,E CNU CWEJ 0KGOCPP KP 0+ 5 0T WPF 0KOOGTIWV KP 0+ 5 0T WPF KP 1'- 5 0T URTGEJGP FGO\WHQNIG PWT XQP <KPM D\Y -TKGIUOGVCNN CNU XGTYGPFGVGO *GTUVGNNWPIUOCVGTKCN YQDGK 0KGOCPP DGOGTMV FCU 8GTNGKJWPIGP PCEJYGKUDCT UKPF 0KOOGTIWV FKGU LGFQEJ XGTPGKPV .GKFGT NKGHGTV MGKPGT FKGUGT #WVQTGP KP FGP IGPCPPVGP 6KVGNP GKPG #DDKNFWPI FGU #D\GKEJGPU +P GKPGO \YGKVGKNKIGP #TVKMGN &CU 5GGMCORHCD\GKEJGP FGT .WHVYCHHG JCVVG UKEJ -NCWU & 2CV\YCNN UEJQP CWUHÒJTNKEJ OKV FGT )GUEJKEJVG FKGUGU #D\GKEJGPU DGUEJ·HVKIV WPF UQICT \YGK 8GTNGKJWPIGP PCEJIGYKGUGP WPF GKP OÌINKEJGU 1TKIKPCNGZGORNCT XQTIGUVGNNV +P /KNKVCTKC ,I 0T 5 WPF ,I 0T 5

149


DDR

508 (1:2)

509

-QPXQNWV XQP EC UGEJU XGTUEJKGFGPGP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP 7 C 'KUGTPGU -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG -TKGIUXGT FKGPUVMTGW\ ++ -NCUUG OKV WPF QJPG 5EJYGTVGT WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJG /GVCNNG FTGK OKV QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVD·P FGTP \YGK OKV #PUVGEMPCFGNP GKPG DGUEJ·FKIV FKG CPFGTGP HÒPH KP QTFGPVNKEJGT 'TJCNVWPI &C\W /KPK CVWTPCFGN \WO <GTUVÌTGT -TKGIUCD\GKEJGP CP 0CFGN ++ +8 7TMWPFG HÒT FKG 6GKNPCJOG CO $CW FGU (TKGUGPYCNNU (ÒT 'TPUV 6GEJGP CWU .ÒVIGPFQTH FCVKGTV KO 0QXGODGT OKV (CMUKOKNGWPVGTUEJTKHV FGU /GEMNGPDWTIGT )CWNGKVGTU WPF 4GKEJUUVCVVJCNVGTU 55 1DGTITWRRGPHÒJTGT (TKGFTKEJ *KNFGDTCPFV GVYCU HNGEMKI GKPOCN IGHCNVGV $GKIGHÒIV 2JQVQ MQRKG GKPGU #TVKMGNU ÒDGT FGP (TKGUGPYCNN XQP #TOKP 8KQJN CWU 1// 4 ++ )GPCW FKGUG 7TMWPFG KUV KO #TVKMGN &GT (TKGUGPYCNN XQP #TOKP 8KQJN XGTÌHHGPVNKEJV KO 1TFGP /KNKVCTKC /CIC\KP ,I XQO #WIWUV 5 WPF CDIGDKNFGV

510 (1:1) 511 (1:1)

)QNFGPG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG FGT /ÒPEJGPGT &KGPUVDQVGP WPF #TDGKVGTUVKHVWPI 0KEJV VTCIDCT &WTEJOGUUGT OO 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV CWH FGO 4CPF *CNDOQPFRWP\G HÒT 5KNDGT 4 ++

&'765%*' &'/1-4#6+5%*' 4'27$.+-

150

8CVGTN·PFKUEJGT 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP 8CVGTN·PFKUEJGT 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP KP )QNF #WUHÒJTWPI $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF VNY GOCKNNKGTV OKV NÌUDCTGT *CMGP 8GTDKPFWPI CP 6TCIGURCPIG FKGUG TÒEM UGKVKI IGUEJTCWDV \WUCOOGP OKV +PVGTKOUURCPIG TÒEMUGKVKI IGUEJTCWDV $# G -&1 ++


BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND

$70&'54'27$.+- &'765%*.#0& 4GEJVNKEJGT *KPYGKU \W 1DLGMVGP FGT $WPFGUTGRWDNKM &GWVUEJNCPF WPF FGT $WPFGUN·PFGT 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP FGT $WPFGUTGRWDNKM &GWVUEJNCPF WPF KJTGT $WPFGUN·PFGT GDGPUQ YKG FGTGP /KPKCVWTGP $CPFUVGIG -PQRHNQEJUEJNGKHGP WPF $CPFUEJPCNNGP FÒTHGP IGO·­ h #DU )GUGV\ ÒDGT 6KVGN 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP PWT CP $GTGEJVKIVG CDIGIGDGP YGTFGP #NU $GTGEJVKIVG IGNVGP JKGTDGK PGDGP FGP $GNKGJGPGP CWEJ CNNG FKGLGPKIGP 2GTUQPGP FKG KO $GUKV\ GKPGT 5COOGNIGPGJOKIWPI UKPF &KGUG 5COOGNIGPGJOKIWPI GTVGKNV CWH #PHTCIG FKG LGYGKNU \WUV·PFKIG $GJÌTFG &KG <WUV·PFKIMGKV KUV KP FGP GKP\GNPGP $WPFGUN·PFGTP WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJ IGTGIGNV &KG 'TVGKNWPI GKPGT UQNEJGP )GPGJOKIWPI MCPP IGO·­ FGU -QOOGPVCTU \WO )GUGV\ XQP FGT \WUV·PFKIGP $GJÌTFG PWT DGK 8QTNKGIGP UEJYGTYKGIGPFGT )TÒPFG XGTYGKIGTV YGTFGP /KV GKPGO )GDQV CWH 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP FGT $WPFGUTGRWDNKM WPF KJTGT $WPFGUN·PFGT XGTUKEJGTV FGT $KGVGT KO QTFPWPIUIGO·­GP $GUKV\ GKPGT UQNEJGP 5COOGNIGPGJOKIWPI \W UGKP

512

8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGT $WPFGUTGRWDNKM &GWVUEJNCPF QHV CWEJ CNU $WPFGUXGTFKGPUVQTFGP DG\GKEJPGV 5GV FGU )TQ­GP 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\GU OKV 5VGTP WPF 5EJWNVGTDCPF DGUVGJGPF CWU )TQ­GO 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP 5EJWNVGTDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV #WH NCIG $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN FKGUG OKV *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G 5V . FGT (KTOC 5VGKP JCWGT .ÒEM KP .ÒFGPUEJGKF WPF 5KNDGTRWP\G \WUCOOGP OKV $CPFUVGI OKV #WHNCIG KO UEJYCT \GP DGUEJ·FKIVGP 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP WPF QHHK\KGNNGT 8GTNGKJWPIUJKPYGKU )TQ­GU 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ OKV 5VGTP )GUCPFVGT 'WIGPKQ 2NCLC KO QTKIKPCNGP GVYCU DGTKGDGPGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK XQP 5VGKPJCWGT .ÒEM OKV IQNFHCTDGPGO $WPFGUCFNGT OKV \YGK 8GTUEJNÒUUGP -&1 5. ++ 'WIGPKQ 2NCLC YCT KVCNKGPKUEJGT &KRNQOCV WPF XQP DKU RGTOCPGPVGT 4GRT·UGPVCPV +VCNKGPU DGK FGP 8GTGKPVGP 0CVKQPGP &GT 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGT $WPFGUTGRWDNKM &GWVUEJNCPF CWEJ $WPFGUXGTFKGPUVQTFGP IGPCPPV YWTFG XQP $WPFGURT· UKFGPV 2TQH &T 6JGQFQT *GWUU $WPFGURT·UKFGPV XQP DKU OKV 'TNC­ XQO 5GRVGODGT

XGTÌHHGPVNKEJV KO $WPFGUIGUGV\DNCVV + XQP 5 CNU \WP·EJUV HÒPHUVWHKIGT )TQ­MTGW\ )TQ­GU 8GTFKGPUV MTGW\ OKV 5VGTP )TQ­GU 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ WPF 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ CO $CPF CNNIGOGKPGT 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP IGUVKHVGV /KV 'TNC­ XQO ,WPK ÒDGT FKG 'TI·P\WPI FGU 5VCVWVU FGU 8GTFKGPUVQTFGPU FGT $WPFGUTGRWDNKM &GWVUEJNCPF YWTFG FCU 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ OKV 5VGTP WPF 5EJWNVGTDCPF IGUVKHVGV WPF FKG 6TCIGYGKUG FGU )TQ­GP 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\GU OKV 5VGTP /QFGNN IG·PFGTV #O 5GRVGODGT GTHQNIVG HQTONQU FWTEJ 8GTNGKJWPI FKG 'KPHÒJTWPI FGU 8GTFKGPUV MTGW\GU CO $CPFG HÒT #PIGUVGNNVG WPF #TDGKVGT FGT HTGKGP 9KTVUEJCHV FKG GKPGO WPF FGOUGNDGP &KGPUVJGTTP #TDGKV IGDGT QFGT $GVTKGD ,CJTG NCPI KP 6TGWG IGFKGPV JCDGP 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ HÒT #TDGKVULWDKNCTG ņ /QFGNN /KV 'TNC­ XQO &G\GODGT ÒDGT FKG 0GWHCUUWPI FGU 5VCVWVU FGU 8GTFKGPUVQTFGPU FGT $WPFGUTGRWDNKM &GWVUEJNCPF YWTFGP FKG 5QPFGTUVWHG FGU )TQ­MTGW\GU WPF FKG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG IGUVKHVGV WPF FKG )TÌ­G FGT 5QPFGT UVWHG FGU )TQ­MTGW\GU HÒT &COGP IG·PFGTV #W­GTFGO YWTFGP 5EJWNVGTD·PFGT HÒT &COGP HÒT FKG 5QPFGTUVWHG FGU )TQ­MTGW\GU HÒT FCU )TQ­MTGW\ WPF HÒT FCU )TQ­G 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ OKV 5VGTP WPF 5EJWNVGTDCPF GKPIGHÒJTV GKPG UQIGP ITQ­G &COGPUEJNGKHG HÒT FCU )TQ­G 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ OKV 5VGTP WPF FCU )TQ­G 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ WPF GKPG UQIGP MNGKPG &COGPUEJNGKHG HÒT FCU $WPFGUXGTFKGPUVMTGW\ CO $CPFG &CU 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ YWTFG KP 8GTFKGPUV MTGW\ -NCUUG WODGPCPPV #O /CK GTHQNIVG HQTONQU FWTEJ 8GTNGKJWPI FKG 'KPHÒJTWPI FGT $CPFURCPIG HÒT FCU 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ HÒT #TDGKVULWDKNCTG YWTFG HÒT FKGUG 5VWHG HQTONQU FCU $CPF FGT $WPFGUXGTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG GKPIGHÒJTV /KV 'TNC­ XQO &G\GODGT YWTFG W C FKG 8GTNGKJWPI FGU 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\GU HÒT #TDGKVULWDKNCTG GKPIGUVGNNV 9QJN WO GTHQNIVG FKG HQTONQUG PFGTWPI FGT )TÌ­G FGU 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\GU -NCUUG HÒT &COGP WPF FGU 8GT FKGPUVMTGW\GU CO $CPFG HÒT &COGP )GIGPY·TVKI XGTHÒIV FGT $WPFGUXGTFKGPUVQTFGP ÒDGT PGWP 5VWHGP 5QPFGTUVWHG \WO )TQ­MTGW\ )TQ­MTGW\ KP DGUQP FGTGT #WUHÒJTWPI )TQ­MTGW\ )TQ­GU 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ OKV 5VGTP WPF 5EJWNVGTDCPF )TQ­GU 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ OKV 5VGTP )TQ­GU 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ -NCUUG 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ CO $CPFG WPF 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG <WT )GUEJKEJVG FGU 1TFGPU WPF UGKPGT 'PVYKEMNWPI 8IN )GKIGT 4QNH .KPFPGT ,ÒTIGP WPF 9ÌTPGT (TCPM ,CJTG 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGT $WPFGUTGRWDNKM &GWVUEJNCPF +P 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP ņ &CU /CIC\KP HÒT 5COONGT WPF (QTUEJGT ,CJTICPI *GHV #WIWUV 5 HH

151


BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND

515

513

514

152

8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGT $WPFGUTGRWDNKM &GWVUEJNCPF QHV CWEJ CNU $WPFGUXGTFKGPUVQTFGP DG\GKEJPGV 5GV FGU )TQ­GP 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\GU OKV 5VGTP WPF 5EJWNVGTDCPF DGUVGJGPF CWU )TQ­GO 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV QJPG 5EJWNVGTDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV #WHNCIG $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4Ã’EMUGKVG \YKUEJGP 4Ã’EMUGKVGP #DFGEMWPI WPF 0CFGNJCMGP 5KNDGTRWP\G CP 0CFGN -&1 5. ++ 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGT $WPFGUTGRWDNKM &GWVUEJNCPF QHV CWEJ CNU $WPFGUXGTFKGPUVQTFGP DG\GKEJPGV 5GV FGU )TQ­GP 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\GU OKV 5VGTP DGUVGJGPF CWU )TQ­GO 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQN FGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF OKV /GVCNNUEJNKG­G WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV #WHNCIG $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN FKGUG OKV *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G 5V . FGT (KTOC 5VGKPJCWGT .Ã’EM KP .Ã’FGPUEJGKF WPF 5KNDGTRWP\G \WUCOOGP OKV $CPFUVGI OKV #WHNCIG WPF /KPKCVWT $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO $·PFEJGP OKV 5VGTPCWHNCIG KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK XQP 5VGKPJCWGT .Ã’EM OKV IQNFHCTDGPGO $WPFGUCFNGT OKV GKPGO 8GTUEJNW­ -&1 5. ++ 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGT $WPFGUTGRWDNKM &GWVUEJNCPF QHV CWEJ CNU $WPFGUXGTFKGPUVQTFGP DG\GKEJPGV 5GV FGU )TQ­GP 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\GU OKV 5VGTP DGUVGJGPF CWU )TQ­GO 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQN FGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV QJPG *CNUDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV #WHNCIG $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4Ã’EMUGKVG \YKUEJGP 4Ã’EMUGKVGP #DFGEMWPI WPF 0CFGNJCMGP 5KNDGTRWP\G CP 0CFGN -&1 5. ++


BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND

516 517

8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGT $WPFGUTGRWDNKM &GWVUEJNCPF QHV CWEJ CNU $WPFGUXGTFKGPUVQTFGP DG\GKEJPGV )TQ­GU 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF OKV /GVCNNUEJNKG­G KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC 5VGKPJCWGT .Ã’EM OKV IQNFHCTDGP IGRT·IVGO $WPFGUCFNGT -&1 5. ++

8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGT $WPFGUTGRWDNKM &GWVUEJNCPF QHV CWEJ CNU $WPFGUXGTFKGPUVQTFGP DG\GKEJPGV 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ D\Y 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ -NCUUG UGKV #WUHÃ’JTWPI HÃ’T *GTTGP $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN KO QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC % ' ,WPEMGT KP $GTNKP &C\W GKP YGKVGTGU UR·VGTGU 'ZGORNCT FGT (KTOC 5VGKPJCWGT .Ã’EM $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV \YGK 'OCKNNG 5EJ·FGP CP 0CFGN -&1 5. ++ +++

518 (1:1) (verkleinert)

$#;'40 (4'+56##6 5'+6 $<9

$C[GTKUEJGT 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF OKV /KPKCVWT 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO $·PFEJGP OKV 4QUGVVG WPF #PUVGEMPCFGN WPF 4QUGVVG KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC )GDTÃ’FGT *GOOGTNG KP /Ã’PEJGP \WUCOOGP OKV FGT 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG HÃ’T &T 'TKEJ 5EJQUUGT /F. FCVKGTV /Ã’PEJGP CO /CK OKV 2T·IGUKGIGN WPF 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV FGU DC[GTKUEJGP /KPKUVGTRT·UKFGPVGP #NHQPU )QRRGN /KPKUVGTRT·UKFGPV XQP OKV DGKIGDWPFGPGO 5VKHVWPIUIGUGV\ WPF 5VCVWV #WUYGKU CNU 6T·IGT FGU $C[GTKUEJGP 8GTFKGPUVQTFGPU WPF 2TQITCOOJGHV FGT 8GTNGKJWPIUHGKGT OKV 0GPPWPI CNNGT #WU\W\GKEJPGPFGP -&1 5# ++ /KV 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG KP 7TMWPFGPOCRRG PKEJV J·WHKI \W HKPFGP &T 'TKEJ 5EJQUUGT YCT ,QWTPCNKUV WPF CD 4GFCMVGWT DGKO $C[GTKUEJGP 4WPFHWPM YWTFG GT 8QTUKV\GPFGT FGU .CPFGU &GPMOCNTCVGU WPF IKNV CNU 8CVGT FGU DC[GTKUEJGP &GPMOCNUEJWV\ )GUGV\GU 8QP DKU YCT GT #DIGQTFPGVGT FGT %57 KO $C[GTKUEJGP .CPFVCI \GKVYGKUG CNU FKTGMV IGY·JNVGT #DIGQTFPGVGT FGU 5VKOOMTGKUGU /Ã’PEJGP 0[ORJGPDWTI $KU \W UGKPGO 6QFG YCT 5EJQUUGT 'JTGPXQTUKV\GPFGT FGU $C[GTKUEJGP .CP FGUFGPMOCNTCVU WPF -WTCVQTKWOUOKVINKGF FGT $C[GTKUEJGP 8QNMUUVKHVWPI 5GKP KJO XGTNKGJGPGU -QOOCPFGWTU MTGW\ FGU 2·RUVNKEJGP )TGIQTKWUQTFGPU OKV 7TMWPFG DKGVGP YKT WPVGT -CV 0T CP

153


GRUPPEN UND ORDENSSCHNALLEN

519

520

0+'&'45#%*5'0 $70&'5.#0& 5'+6

8KGT $NWVURGPFGP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP FGU &GWVUEJGP 4QVGP -TGW\GU KP 0QTFTJGKP 9GUVHCNGP )QNFGPG 0CFGN HÒT $NWVURGPFGP KP GT 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV OKV )NCUUVGKP CP 0CFGN )QNFGPGU #D\GKEJGP HÒT WPF HÒT $NWVURGPFGP LGYGKNU KP GT IQNFJCNVKIGT .GIKGTWPI OKV )NCUUVGKPGP LGYGKNU DTQUEJKGTV PKGFGTU·EJUKUEJGU )QNFGPGU #D\GKEJGP HÒT $NWVURGPFGP GT IQNFJCNVKIG .GIKGTWPI OKV UGEJU &KC OCPVGP IGRTÒHV WPF TQVGO 5VGKP OÌINKEJGTYGKUG 6WTOCNKP DTQUEJKGTV <WUCOOGP QJPG FKG 5KNDGTPC FGN I 5. + ++

&'765%*.#0& (4'+/#74'4 5%*.#4#(('0 759

$KLQW GKPGT PKEJV KFGPVKHK\KGTVGP .QIG &WTEJOGUUGT OO $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV GOCKNNKGTV KO <GPVTWO HGKPG 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK OKV FGT 7OUEJTKHV /#)075 .#61/147/ %1'675 $14 F # F $ QJPG $CPF ++

9GKVGTG UGJT KPVGTGUUCPVG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNGP HKPFGP 5KG CO 'PFG FGT 1NFGPDWTI 5COONWPI $G[TGK­ CD -CV 0T

&'765%*.#0& )4722'0 70& 14&'055%*0#..'0

$GFGWVGPFGT #WU\GKEJPWPIUPCEJNC­ FGU $TGOGT 'KUGP (CDTKMCPVGP 'TKEJ 9CNNJGKOGT

WPF UGKPGT )GOCJNKP *GNGPG IGD *GT\HGNF $GUVGJGPF CWU FGT )TWRRG 'TKEJ 9CNN JGKOGT )TQ­G MTCWUG (TCEMUEJPCNNG OKV PGWP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP DGUVGJGPF CWU XQP TGEJVU PCEJ NKPMU 1NFGPDWTI (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG 'KUGP IGUEJY·T\V CO $CPF HÒT 0KEJVM·ORHGT .KRRG -TKGIUXGTFKGPUVMTGW\ CO $CPF HÒT 0KEJVM·ORHGT &GWVUEJGU 4GKEJ 'JTGPMTGW\ FGU 9GNVMTKGIU HÒT -TKGIUVGKNPGJOGT 5CEJUGP -ÌPKINKEJ 5·EJUKUEJGT #NDTGEJVUQTFGP /QFGNN #WU HÒJTWPI 4KVVGTMTGW\ -NCUUG OKV -TQPG 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV *GUUGP )TQ­JGT\QINKEJ *GUUKUEJGT 2JKNKRRU 1TFGP /QFGNN 4KVVGTMTGW\ MNCUUG 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV .KRRG (ÒTUVNKEJ .KRRKUEJGT *CWUQTFGP /QFGNN CD 'JTGPMTGW\ -NCUUG + #DVGKNWPI 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV ¤UVGTTGKEJ 'JTGP\GKEJGP XQO 4QVGP -TGW\ QJPG -TKGIUFGMQTCVKQP 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV 1UOCPKUEJGU 4GKEJ /GFCKNNG XQO 4QVGP *CNDOQPF 5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG 5KNDGT VNY GOCKNNKGTV 7PICTP 7PICTKUEJG 9GNVMTKGIU 'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP WPF *GNO #WH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG OKV QTKIKPCNGO #DFGEMVWEJ CP 0C FGN <WUCOOGP OKV XKGT RCUUGPFGP QFGT VNY RCUUGPFGP -PQRHNQEJ 5EJNGKHEJGP &C\W UGKPG YGKVGTG #WU\GKEJPWPIGP 1UOCPKUEJGU 4GKEJ /GFLKFLK¾ 1TFGP &GMQTCVKQP -NCUUG #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC )QFGV KP $GTNKP 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGN NGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC )QFGV WPF 5KNDGTRWP\G CO QTKIKPCNGP NCPIGP *CNUDCPF 1UOCPK UEJGU 4GKEJ 1UOCPKUEJG -TKGIUOGFCKNNG =*CTR /CFCN[CUÓ? UQIGP 'KUGTPGT *CNDOQPF QFGT )CNKRQNK 5VCT #PHGTVKIWPI XQP )QFGV KP $GTNKP 5KNDGT 'ZGORNCT OKV CWUIGU·IVGT 6WIJTC #WHNCIGP TÒEMUGKVKI OKV CEJV 0KGVGP DGHGUVKIV CP 0CFGN FKGUG OKV *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC )QFGV KO QTKIKPCNGP 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP XQP )QFGV $WNICTKGP 'JTGP\GKEJGP FGU $WNICTKUEJGP 4QVGP -TGW\GU 5VGEMCD\GK EJGP #WUHÒJTWPI $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV VNY GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN &GWVUEJGU 4GKEJ #D\GKEJGP FGU #&#% XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV /KPKCVWTGPMGVVEJGP OKV UGEJU #WU\GKEJPWPIU /KPKCVWTGP QJPG FKG FGWVUEJGP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP \W WPF FGT CDIGVTGPPVG 6GKN OKV FGP UGEJU FGWV UEJGP #WU\GKEJPWPIU /KPKCVWTGP WPF UGEJU UGRCTCV DGKIGHÒIV \WUCOOGP KO 1TKIK PCNGVWK XQP , )QFGV WPF 5QJP KP $GTNKP )TWRRG XQP *GNGPG 9CNNJGKOGT .KRRG -TKGIU 'JTGPOGFCKNNG CO $TWUVDCPF HÒT *GKOCVXGTFKGPUVG 1UOCPKUEJGU 4GKEJ /GFCKNNG XQO 4QVGP *CNDOQPF 5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG 5KNDGT VNY GOCKNNKGTV CO $CPF OKV 6TCIGURCPIG QJPG ,CJTGU\CJNGP 5KNDGT GOCKNNKGTV KO 1TKIKPCNGVWK ¤UVGTTGKEJ 5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG XQO 4QVGP -TGW\ QJPG -TKGIUFGMQTCVKQP 5KNDGT VNY GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT ¤UG *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G 8/ FGT (KTOC 8KPE /G[GTʼnU 5ÌJPG KP 9KGP WPF 2WP\G HÒT GT 5KNDGT XQP DKU

9KPFJWPFMQRH # KO 4KPI #OVURWP\G FGT 5VCFV 9KGP CP &COGPUEJNGKHG $TQP\GPG /GFCKNNG XQO 4QVGP -TGW\ QJPG -TKGIUFGMQTCVKQP $TQP\G VNY XGTUKNDGTV CP &COGPUEJNGKHG &COGP (GNF UEJPCNNG \W WPF &C\W %QWXGTV OKV $CPFCDUEJPKVVGP XQP WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGT .·PIG #PIGDQVGP OKV WOHCPITGKEJGT &QMWOGPVCVKQP + ++ ++ #WEJ QJPG FCU 8QTJCPFGPUGKPU LGINKEJGT &QMWOGPVG GKP DGGKPFTWEMGPFGT #WU\GKEJPWPIU 0CEJNCU GKPGU Y·JTGPF FGU 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIU JQEJ CWUIG\GKEJPGVGP LÒFKUEJGP +PFWUVTKGNNGP 'JGRCCTGU CWU $TGOGP FCU FKG 5JQCJ ÒDGTNGDV WPF GKP PGWGU .GDGP KP FGP 0KGFGTNCPFGP DGIKPPGP MQPPVG

154


GRUPPEN UND ORDENSSCHNALLEN

(1:1,5)

'TKEJ 9CNNJGKOGT YWTFG CO 1MVQDGT KP 1NFGPDWTI 1NFGPDWTI CNU FTKVVGT 5QJP XQP *GTOCPP 9CNNJGKOGT /KVINKGF FGT LÒFKUEJGP )GOGKPFG \W 1NFGPDWTI WPF FGUUGP (TCW $GTVC IGD %QJP IGDQTGP KUV GT CNU &KTGM VQT FGU 'KUGPYGTMU 8CTGN KP $TGOGP PCEJIGYKGUGP +O HQNIGPFGP ,CJT WPVGTPCJO GT VNY \WUCOOGP OKV UGKPGT (TCW OGJTGTG #WUNCPFUTGKUGP $TGOKUEJGT 2CUU CWUIGUVGNNV CO 'T UEJGKPV CWEJ OKPFGUVGPU GKPG 4GKUG KP FCU QUOCPKUEJG 4GKEJ WPVGTPQOOGP \W JCDGP YQTCWH UGKPG FTGK QUOCPKUEJGP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP JKPFGWVGP #O ,WPK GTJKGNV GT CNU (CDTKMDGUKV\GT WPF &KTGMVQT KP $TGOGP XQP (ÒTUV .GQRQNF XQP .KRRG FCU 'JTGPMTGW\ -NCUUG ++ #DVGKNWPI FGU (ÒTUVNKEJ .KRRKUEJGP *CWUQTFGPU FCU NCWV 5EJYCTM KP 5- 5 \YKUEJGP WPF PWT /CN XGTNKGJGP YQTFGP KUV <W GKPGO UR·VGTGP <GKVRWPMV XQT 0QXGODGT GTJKGNV GT FCPP PQEJ FKG -NCUUG + #DVGKNWPI FGU 1TFGPU &KGUGU YWTFG NCWV 5EJYCTM KP 5- 5 \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV /CN XGTNKGJGP

/KV &CVWO XQO ,CPWCT YWTFG KJO CNU DTGO 'KUGPYGTMUDGUKV\GT NCWV 4QVJ KP 5# 5 XQP -ÌPKI (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV +++ XQP 5CEJUGP FCU 4KVVGTMTGW\ -NCUUG OKV -TQPG FGU -ÌPKINKEJGP #ND TGEJVUQTFGPU XGTNKGJGP .CWV 9GDGT #TPQNF WPF -GKN KP 9$ 5 YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF KP FGT \YGK VGP WPF FTKVVGP #WUHÒJTWPI FGU 4KVVGTMTGW\GU -NCUUG OKV -TQPG KPUIGUCOV PWT 8GTNGKJWPIGP XQTIGPQOOGP 7PIGYÌJPNKEJ KUV FCU 9CNNJGKOGT CNU <KXKNKUV \W GKPGO WPDGMCPPVGP <GKVRWPMV FKG OKV &CVWO XQO QWDCV = /·T\ ? XQP )TQU 5WNVCP /GJOGV 8 4G CF IGUVKHVGVG 1UOCPKUEJG -TKGIUOGFCKNNG =*CTR /CFCN[CUÓ? FGP UQIGP 'KUGTPGP *CNDOQPF QFGT )CNKRQNK 5VCT GTJCNVGP JCV

155


GRUPPEN UND ORDENSSCHNALLEN #O /·T\ YCT GT CP FGT )TÒPFWPI FGT 'KUGPYGTM 8CTGN #MVKGPIGUGNNUEJCHV KP $TGOGP DGVGKNKIV WPF YWTFG 8QTUVCPFUOKVINKGF #MVKG OKV UGKPGT 7PVGTUEJTKHV XQO 0QXGODGT &GT <YGEM FGT )GUGNNUEJCHV YCT FGT $GVTKGD XQP 'KUGPYGTMGP +O INGKEJGP ,CJT YWTFG GT CWEJ /KVINKGF FGU #WHUKEJVUTCVU FGT 'KUGPDCJP +PFWUVTKG WPF *CPFGNU #MVKGPIGUGNNUEJCHV +O ,CJT YWTFG FKG .KSWKFCVKQP FGT 'KUGPYGTM 8CTGN #) DGUEJNQUUGP FCU -QPMWTUXGT HCJTGP GTÌHHPGV 0CEJ FGT /CEJVGTITGKHWPI FGT 0CVKQPCNUQ\KCNKUVGP KO &GWVUEJGP 4GKEJ CO ,CPWCT GTJKGNV GT ņ WPIGYÌJP NKEJ HÒT GKPGP &GWVUEJGP LÒFKUEJGP )NCWDGPU ņ FCU CWH 8QTUEJNCI XQP 4GKEJUMCP\NGT #FQNH *KVNGT CO ,WNK XQO 4GKEJURT·UKFGPVGP 2CWN XQP *KPFGPDWTI 4GKEJURT·UKFGPV UGKV IGUVKHVGVG 'JTGP MTGW\ FGU 9GNVMTKGIGU HÒT -TKGIUVGKNPGJOGT #WHITWPF FGT CPVKLÒFKUEJGP 4GRTGUUCNKGP YCPFGTVG GT \W GKPGO WPDG MCPPVGP <GKVRWPMV KP FGT (QNIG\GKV KP FKG 0KGFGTNCPFG CWU 9KG WPF YQ GT FKG PCVKQPCNUQ\KCNKUVKUEJG 8GTHQNIWPI FGT ,WFGP Y·JTGPF FGT FGWVUEJGP $GUGV\WPI FGT 0KGFGTNCPFG ÒDGTNGDV JCV KUV PKEJV DGMCPPV YCT GT CNU &KTGMVQT GKPGT *CPFGNUIGUGNNUEJCHV KP #OUVGTFCO V·VKI WPF OKV -ÌPKINKEJGT $QVUEJCHV XQO ,WPK XGTNKGJ KJO -ÌPKIKP ,WNKCPC FGT 0KGFGTNCPFG FKG PKGFGTN·PFKUEJG 5VCCVUDÒTIGTUEJCHV 'TKEJ 9CNNJGKOGT YCT XGTJGKTCVGV OKV *GNGPG *GNNC IGD *GT\HGNF IGD KP $QEJWO OKV FGT GT FTGK -KPFGT )ÒPVJGT +PIGDQTI WPF *GNIC JCVVG 5QYQJN UGKPG (TCW *GNNC CNU CWEJ GT UGNDUV YCTGP RJKNCPVJTQRKUEJ UGJT GPICIKGTV WPF UCJGP UKEJ FGO 4QV -TGW\ )GFCPMGP XGTRHNKEJVGV YKG FKG \CJNTGKEJGP CWUN·PFKUEJGP CWU $WNICTKGP ¤UVGTTGKEJ WPF FGO 1UOCPKUEJGP 4GKEJ 4QV -TGW\ 'JTGP\GKEJGP DGNGIGP &CTÒDGT JKPCWU UEJGKPV *GNNC 9CNNJGK OGT Y·JTGPF FGU 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIGU CWEJ CMVKX KP FGT -TKGIUHÒTUQTIG V·VKI IGYGUGP \W UGKP YQTCWH GKPG (GNF UEJPCNNG HÒT KJTG #WU\GKEJPWPIGP JKPYGKUV &C 'TKEJ 9CNNJGKOGT Y·JTGPF FGU 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIGU OGJTHCEJ CNU +PJCDGT WPF &KTGMVQT FGU 'KUGPYGTMU 8CTGN KP $TGOGP PCEJIGYKGUGP KUV UQYKG YGIGP UGKPGT #WUNCPFUTGKUGP Y·JTGPF FGU -TKGIGU YQJN CWEJ KP FCU 1UOCPKUEJG 4GKEJ YGIGP UGKPGT UR·VGTGP 6·VKIMGKV CNU /KVINKGF FGU #WHUKEJVUTCVU FGT 'KUGPDCJP +PFWUVTKG WPF *CPFGNU #MVKGP IGUGNNUEJCHV CDGT XQT CNNGO YGIGP UGKPGT OGJTGTGP QUOCPKUEJGP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP MCPP FWTEJCWU CPIGPQOOGP YGTFGP FC­ GT WPF UGKPG (KTOC OÌINKEJGTYGKUG CO $CW FGT NGIGPF·TGP *GFUEJCUDCJP XQP #NGRRQ D\Y &COCUMWU DKU PCEJ /GFKPC WPF KJTGT <YGKIUVTGEMG PCEJ *CKHC DGVGKNKIV IGYGUGP UGKP MÌPPVG 0CEJHQTUEJWPIGP KO #TEJKX FGU *KUVQTKUEJGP +PUVKVWVU FGT &GWVUEJGP $CPM #) JCDGP GTIGDGP FC­ GKPG 6·VKIMGKV 9CNNJGKOGTU QFGT FGT 'KUGPYGTMG 8CTGN KP $TGOGP KO <WUCOOGPJCPI OKV FGT $CIFCF $CJP XQP -QPUVCPVKPQRGN D\Y -QP[C PCEJ $CIFCF FQTV LGFQEJ PKEJV PCEJIGYKGUGP YGTFGP MCPP *KUVQTKUEJ WPF RJCNGTKUVKUEJ ÒDGTCWU KPVGTGUUCPV KUV FKG 6CVUCEJG FC­ 9CNNJGKOGT PCEJ FGT /CEJVGTITGKHWPI FGT 0CVKQPCNUQ\KCNKUVGP CO ,CPWCT KO ,CJTG QFGT FCU CWH 8QTUEJNCI XQP 4GKEJUMCP\NGT #FQNH *KVNGT

CO ,WNK XQO 4GKEJURT·UKFGPVGP 2CWN XQP *KPFGPDWTI 4GKEJURT·UKFGPV UGKV IGUVKHVGVG 'JTGPMTGW\ FGU 9GNVMTKGIGU HÒT -TKGIUVGKNPGJOGT GTJCNVGP JCV &CPCEJ NKG­ GT UKEJ YQJN XQP FGT (KTOC )QFGV KP $GTNKP UGKPG )TQ­G 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG PGW OQPVKGTGP WPF UKEJ GKP RCUUGPFGU /KPKCVWTGPMGVVEJGP \WUCOOGP UVGNNGP &KGU \GKIV FGWVNKEJ YKG UGJT GT CNU FGWVUEJGT 2CVTKQV UVQN\ CWH UGKPG #WU\GKEJPWPIGP YCT 'DGPUQ DGOGT MGPUYGTV YKG CWEJ CPTÒJTGPF KUV FGT 7OUVCPF FC­ GT FCPP CWU UGKPGO /KPKCVWTGPMGVVEJGP FGP XQTFGTGP 6GKN OKV UGKPGP FGWVUEJGP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP HCEJIGO·­ JGTCWUVTGPPGP NKG­ 1UYCNF )Ì­YGKP *GT\QIGPCWTCEJ WPF &CPKGN -TCWUG 2QVUFCO UGK JKGT HÒT YGTVXQNNG *KPYGKUG JGT\NKEJ IGFCPMV

ex 522 1:2

ex 522 (1:1)

#WU\GKEJPWPIU 0CEJNC­ XQP &T KWT -QPTCF 5KGDNKUV OKV XKGT #WU\GKEJPWPIGP 5CEJUGP -TKGIUXGTFKGPUVMTGW\ CO GTI·P\VGP $CPFTKPI CO RGPVCIQPCN IGHCNVGVGP $CPF 2TGW­GP 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ HÒT -TKGIUJKNHG <KPM CO 2GPVIQPCNDCPF &GWVUEJGU 4GKEJ 6TGWFKGPUV 'JTGP\GKEJGP HÒT &KGPUVLCJTG CO 2GPVCIQPCNDCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP UKNDGTHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK XQP 9KNJGNO &GWOGT KP .ÒFGPUEJGKF 1UOCPKUEJGU 4GKEJ $TQP\GOGFCKNNG XQO 4QVGP *CNDOQPF $TQP\G VNY GOCKNNKGTV CO $CPF OKV GOCKNNKGTVGT 6TCIGCITCHHG QJPG ,CJTGU\CJNGP &C\W FKG /KPKCVWTGP MGVVG OKV FGP GPVURTGEJGPFGP /KPKCVWTGP \YGK (GNFUEJPCNNGP HÒT WPF FTGK 4GXGTU 5EJNGKHEJGP HÒT DKU ++ &T KWT -QPTCF 5KGDNKUV IGDQTGP KP -QPUVCPVKPQRGN IGUVQTDGP KP &TGUFGP YCT XQP DKU 'TUVGT $ÒTIGTOGKUVGT FGT 5VCFV 1UEJCV\ KP 5CEJUGP

156


GRUPPEN UND ORDENSSCHNALLEN

523 (1:1,5)

)TQ­G RTGW­KUEJG INCVVG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG GKPGU RTGW­KUEJGP 0KEJV -QODCVVCPVGP FGT -TKGIG XQP WPF OKV UGEJU #WU\GKEJPWPIGP 2TGW­GP -TGW\ FGU #NNIGOGKPGP 'JTGP\GKEJGPU 5KNDGT /GFCKNNQPU )QNF 2TGW­GP #NNIGOGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP ++ -NCUUG 5KNDGT 2TGW­GP -TKGIU FGPMOÒP\G KP 5VCJN HÒT 0KEJVM·ORHGT 2TGW­GP -TGW\ HÒT 2HNKEJVVTGWG KO -TKGIG 2TGW­GP <GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG ¤UVGTTGKEJ 5KNDGTPGU 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ OKV FGT -TQPG 5KNDGT GOCKN NKGTV #WH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG OKV QTKIKPCNGO #DFGEMVWEJ CP 0CFGN ++

524 (1:1,5)

)TQ­G MTCWUG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG OKV HÒPH #WU\GKEJPWPIGP /GEMNGPDWTI 5EJYGTKP /KNKV·TXGTFKGPUV MTGW\ -NCUUG 2TGW­GP -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G $TQP\G OKV 4CPFRT·IWPI #75 '41$'46'/ )'5%*7'6< OKV FTGK )GHGEJVUURCPIGP )4#8'.166' 56 24+8#6 $'#7/106 WPF 5'&#0 2TGW­GP 'TKPPGTWPIUMTGW\ -ÌPKIIT·V\ 2TGW­GP <GPVGP CTOGFCKNNG 2TGW­GP .CPFYGJT &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI -NCUUG 5EJPCNNGPCWUHÒJTWPI $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV #WH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG OKV QTKIKPCNGO #DFGEMVWEJ CP 0CFGN ++

525 (1:1,5)

526 (1:1,5)

)TQ­G INCVVG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG GKPGU JGUUKUEJGP 8GVGTCPGP FGU &GWVUEJ (TCP\ÌUKUEJGP -TKGIGU XQP OKV FTGK #WU\GKEJPWPIGP *GUUGP /KNKV·T 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ $TQP\G #WUHÒJ TWPI OKV INCVVGT 1DGTHN·EJG WPF JQTK\QPVCN CPIGDTCEJVGT ¤UG 2TGW­GP -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G $TQP\G OKV 4CPFRT·IWPI #75 '41$'46'/ )'5%*7'6< 2TGW­GP <GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG 1JPG TÒEMUGKVKIGU #DFGEMVWEJ CP 0CFGN ++

)TQ­G MTCWUG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG GKPGU MWTJGUUKUEJGP 8GVGTCPGP FGU &GWVUEJ (TCP\ÌUKUEJGP -TKGIGU XQP OKV XKGT #WU\GKEJPWPIGP 2TGW­GP -WTJGUUKUEJG ,WDKN·WOU &GPMOÒP\G #WUICDG OKV &CVWO 018'/$'4 2TGW­GP .CPFYGJT &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI -NCUUG 5KNDGT OKV )QNFGPGP /GFCKNNQPU CWH FGT 8QTFGTUGKVG GVYCU GKPIGFTÒEMV 2TGW­GP -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G $TQP\G OKV 4CPFRT·IWPI #75 '41$'46'/ )'5%*7'6< OKV )GHGEJVUURCPIG 2#4+5 2TGW­GP <GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG #WH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG OKV QTKIKPCNGO #DFGEMVWEJ CP 0CFGN ++

157


GRUPPEN UND ORDENSSCHNALLEN

527 (1:2)

)TQ­G MTCWUG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG GKPGU U·EJUKUEJGP 8GVGTCPGP FGU &GWVUEJ (TCP\ÌUKUEJGP -TKGIGU OKV UGEJU #WU\GKEJPWPIUD·PFGTP QJPG #WU\GKEJPWPIGP 2TGW­GP 'KUGTPGU -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG OKV 'KEJGPNCWDURCPIG 2TGW­GP -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G HÒT -·ORHGT OKV HÒPH )GHGEJVUURCPIGP WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGT /CEJCTV )4#8'.166' 56 24+8#6 $'#7/106 5'&#0 8+..+'45 WPF 2#4+5 5CEJUGP 'TKPPGTWPIUMTGW\ CP FKG $WPFGUGZGMWVKQP KP 5EJNGUYKI *QNUVGKP 5CEJUGP &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI 5CEJUGP 'TKPPGTWPIUMTGW\ HÒT 2TGW­GP <GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG &KG NGV\VGP DGKFGP $·PFGT \GTUEJNKUUGP TÒEMUGKVKI OKV #DFGEMVWEJ CP 0C FGN +++

528 (1:1,5)

)TQ­G MTCWUG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG GKPGU 8GVGTCPGP FGU 8GPG\WGNC 'KPUCV\GU OKV PGWP #WU \GKEJPWPIGP 2TGW­GP 'KUGTPGU -TGW\ -NCUUG 5CEJUGP %QDWTI WPF )QVJC 5CEJUGP 'TPGUVKPKUEJGT *CWUQTFGP 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG /QFGNN OKV FGO 2QTVTCKV *GT\QI %CTN 'FWCTFU ņ 5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG 5KNDGT OKV 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT <GKEJGP /X- ¤UVGTTGKEJ 5KNDGTPGU 8GT FKGPUVMTGW\ OKV FGT -TQPG 5KNDGT CO -TKGIUDCPF &GWVUEJGU 4GKEJ 'JTGPMTGW\ FGU 9GNVMTKGIGU HÒT (TQPVM·ORHGT &GWVUEJGU 4GKEJ -QNQPKCN &GPMOÒP\G HÒT 9GK­G OKV $CPFURCPIG 8'0'<7'.# 2TGW­GP &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI /QFGNN -TGW\ -NCUUG HÒT FGP 5QNFCVGP UVCPF HÒT :8 &KGPUVLCJTG XGTIQNFGV &GWVUEJGU 4GKEJ 6TGWFKGPUV 'JTGP\GKEJGP 5VWHG HÒT &KGPUVLCJTG 1UOCPKUEJGU 4GKEJ 5KNDGTPG +HVKJCT /GFCKNNG 5KNDGT $WNICTKGP -TKGIUGTKPPGTWPIU /GFCKNNG CO $CPF HÒT -·ORHGT #WH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG #DFGEMUVQHH FGT (KTOC ' -GKNKI KP &TGU FGP CP 0CFGN <WUCOOGP OKV VGKNU RCUUGPFGT CDGT OÌINKEJGTYGKUG UR·VGT \WUCOOGPIGUVGNNVGT (GNF UEJPCNNG ++ 0CEJFGO ,QU¾ %KRTKCPQ %CUVTQ 4WK\ 2T·UKFGPV 8GPG\WGNCU IGYQTFGP YCT IGTKGV FKG YKTVUEJCHVNK EJG .CIG FQTV V·VKIGT #WUN·PFGT \WPGJOGPF WPVGT &TWEM <WT 9CJTWPI FGWVUEJGT *CPFGNUKPVGTGUUGP GPVUCPFVG FCU &GWVUEJG 4GKEJ \WO 5EJWV\ FGT 1UVCOGTKMCPKUEJGP 5VCVKQP CD DKU KPUIGUCOV 5EJKHHG FCTWPVGT FGP -TGW\GT 5/5 8KPGVC WPVGT FGO -QOOCPFQ XQP -CRKV·P \ 5 5EJGFGT PCEJ 8GPG\WGNC 5EJGFGT ÒDGTPCJO CD &G\GODGT FCU 1DGTMQOOCPFQ HÒT FKG #MVKQP CP FGT CWEJ GKP DTKVKUEJGT 8GTDCPF WPF UR·VGT PQEJ FTGK KVCNKGPK UEJG VGKNPCJOGP YQFWTEJ XQT FGT XGPG\QNCPKUEJGP -ÒUVG GKPG $NQEMCFG GTTKEJVGV YWTFG 0CEJFGO 8GPG\WGNC DGTGKV YCT FKG (TKGFGPUDGFKPIWPIGP \W GTHÒNNGP GTHQNIVG CO (GDTWCT FGT $GHGJN \WT #WHJGDWPI FGT $NQEMCFG WPF CD (GDTWCT UGV\VG FKG 1UVCOGTKMCPKUEJG -TGW\GTFKXKUKQP -WTU PCEJ &GWVUEJNCPF #WH FGWVUEJGT 5GKVG YCTGP ÒDGT 5GGNGWVG KO 'KPUCV\ +PHQTOCVKQPGP VNY CWU YKMKRGFKC FG WPF YKMKRGFKC GU <WUCOOGP OKV FGT -QNQPKCN &GPMOÒP\G UVKHVGVG -CKUGT 9KNJGNO ++ CWEJ FKG 5RCPIG 8'0'<7'.# ªDGT FKG )GUEJKEJVG FGT UQIGP $NQEMCFG XQP 8GPG\WGNC XQP WPF FKG FKGUDG\ÒINKEJG $CPFURCPIG \WT -QNQPKCN &GPMOÒP\G UKGJG *GTOGU 5CDKPC &KG 5RCPIGP \WT -QNQPKCNFGPMOÒP\G WPF KJT IGUEJKEJVNKEJGT *KPVGT ITWPF &KG 5RCPIG 8'0'<7'.# +P 1TFGP /KNKVCTKC /CIC\KP ,CJTICPI *GHV 5

158


GRUPPEN UND ORDENSSCHNALLEN

529 (1:2)

)TQ­G U·EJUKUEJG (GNFUEJPCNNG FGU 1DGTUVNGWVPCPVU .WFYKI (TGKJGTTP XQP /ÒNNGT -QOOCPFGWT FGU U·EJUKUEJGP -ÌPKIU *WUCTGP 4GIKOGPVU 0T OKV $·PFGTP HÒT #WU\GKEJPWPIGP 5CEJ UGP 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP 5CEJUGP #NDTGEJVUQTFGP 5CEJUGP &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI 2TGW­GP 4QVGT #FNGT 1TFGP 2TGW­GP -TQPGP 1TFGP 5CEJUGP 9GKOCT *CWUQTFGP XQO 9GK­GP (CNMGP 5CEJ UGP 9GKOCT 'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG CP FKG )QNFGPG *QEJ\GKV ¤UVGTTGKEJ 1TFGP FGT 'KUGTPGP -TQPG 6QUMCPC /KNKV·T 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP #WH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG #DFGEMVWEJ CP 0CFGN 4 ++ #WHITWPF FGT -QODKPCVKQP WPF #PQTFPWPI FGT $·PFGT N·­V UKEJ FKG (GNFUEJPCNNG CWH FGP <GKVTCWO \YKUEJGP FGO #RTKN 8GTNGKJWPI FGU 4KVVGTMTGW\GU -NCUUG FGU U·EJUKUEJGP 8GTFKGPUVQTFGPU WPF FGO ,CPWCT

2TQOQVKQP XQO 4KVVGT -NCUUG \WO -QOOCPFGWT FGU UCEJUGP YGKOCTKUEJGP *CWUQTFGPU XQO 9GK­GP (CNMGP GKPITGP\GP CNU 1DGTUVNGWVPCPV (TGKJGTT XQP /ÒNNGT -QOOCPFGWT FGU U·EJUKUEJGP -ÌPKIU *WUCTGP 4GIKOGPVU 0T KP )TQ­GPJCKP KP FGT 0·JG XQP /GK­GP YCT .WFYKI /QTKV\ %COKNNQ (TGKJGTT XQP /ÒNNGT YCT XQP DKU CNU 4KVVOGKUVGT RGTUÌPNKEJGT #FLW VCPV FGU -TQPRTKP\GP WPF UR·VGTGP -ÌPKIU )GQTI XQP 5CEJUGP \WO )GPGTCNNGWVPCPV DGHÌTFGTV FKGPVG GT DKU CNU &KGPUVVWGPFGT )GPGTCNCFLWVCPV FGU U·EJUKUEJGP -ÌPKIU (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV +++ WPF XQP DKU CNU EJCTIKGTVGT )GPGTCN FGT -CXCNNGTKG CNU UVGNNXGTVTGVGPFGT )GPGTCNCFLWVCPV &CPKGN -TCWUG 2QVUFCO UGK CP FKGUGT 5VGNNG HÒT FKG ªDGTNCUUWPI FGT XQP 'TJCTF 4QVJ Ŏ GTCTDGKVGVGP #PICDGP TGEJV JGT\NKEJ IGFCPMV #NU 4KVVOGKUVGT WPF RGTUÌPNKEJGT #FLWVCPV -TQPRTKP\ )GQTIU XQP 5CEJUGP IGJÌTVG GT \W FGUUGP )GHQNIG KP 9KGP DGK FGP *QEJ\GKVUHGKGTNKEJMGKVGP XQP FGUUGP 5QJP 2TKP\ (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV FGO UR·VGTGP -ÌPKI (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV +++ OKV 2TKP\GUUKP .WKUG XQP ¤UVGTTGKEJ 6QUMCPC FGT ·NVGUVGP 6QEJVGT FGU NGV\VGP VQUMCPKUEJGP )TQ­JGT\QIU (GTFKPCPF +8 #PN·­NKEJ FKGUGT (GKGTNKEJMGKVGP YCTGP GKPG 4GKJG U·EJUKUEJGT 2GTUÌPNKEJMGKVGP OKV VQUMCPKUEJGP 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP CWUIG\GKEJPGV YQTFGP

530 (1:2)

)TQ­G MTCWUG (TCEMUEJPCNNG GKPGU DCFKUEJGP 1HHK\KGTU 8GVGTCPGP FGU 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIU OKV XKGT #WU\GKEJPWPIGP 8QP TGEJVU PCEJ NKPMU 2TGW­GP 'KUGTPGU -TGW\ -NCUUG $CFGP 1TFGP XQO <·JTKPIGT .ÌYGP 4KVVGTMTGW\ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV )QNF VNY GOCKNNKGTV 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK )NCUHNW­ &GWVUEJGU 4GKEJ 'JTGPMTGW\ FGU 9GNVMTKGIGU HÒT (TQPVM·OR HGT 'KUGP DTQP\KGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI 4 8 2(14<*'+/ ¤UVGTTGKEJ 'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG HÒT 9GNVMTKGIUVGKNPGJOGT OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT 5KIPCVWT )4+'0#7'4 /KV TÒEMUGKVKIGO CNVGP CDGT PKEJV WTURTÒPINKEJGP GVYCU DGUEJ·FKIVGP #D FGEMHKN\ CP 0CFGN ++

531 (1:2)

)TQ­G MTCWUG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG GKPGU YQJN 5CEJUGP %QDWTI WPF )QVJCKUEJGP 8GVGTCPGP FGU 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIU OKV FTGK #WU\GKEJPWPIGP 2TGW­GP 'KUGTPGU -TGW\ -NCUUG 5CEJUGP %QDWTI WPF )QVJC 5CEJUGP 'TPGUVKPKUEJGT *CWUQTFGP 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG /QFGNN OKV FGO 2QTVTCKV *GT\QI %CTN 'FWCTFU ņ 5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG 5KNDGT OKV 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT <GKEJGP /- OKV 5EJYGTVGT &WTEJ\WIU 5RCPIG 5KNDGT ¤UVGTTGKEJ $TQP\GPG 6CRHGTMGKVUOGFCKNNG /Q FGNN OKV 2QTVTCKV -CKUGT (TCP\ ,QUGRJU + OKV 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT 5KIPCVWT 6#76'0*#;0 #WH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG OKV IGVTCIGPGO CNVGP #DFGEMHKN\ CP 0CFGN ++

159


GRUPPEN UND ORDENSSCHNALLEN

532 (1:2)

)TQ­G MTCWUG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG GKPGU RTGW­KUEJGP 1HHK\KGTU 8GVGTCPGP FGU 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIU OKV HÒPH #WU\GKEJPWPIGP 2TGW­GP 'KUGTPGU -TGW\ -NCUUG 9GKOCTGT 4GRWDNKM 'JTGPFGPMOÒP\G FGU 9GNVMTKGIU FGT &GWVUEJGP 'JTGPNGIKQP $WPVOGVCNN XGTMWRHGTV OKV -CORHCD\GKEJGP 2TGW­GP -TQPGPQTFGP /QFGNN CD -TGW\ -NCUUG $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV /GFCKNNQPU )QNF GOCKNNKGTV KO <[NKPFGT *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G 4 OÌINKEJGTYGKUG FGT (KTOC *GKPTKEJ 2JKNKRR 4QUGPVJCN KP $GTNKP 2TGW­GP .CPFYGJT &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI -NCUUG 5KNDGT /GFCKNNQPU )QNF 5EJYCT\DWTI 5QPFGTU JCWUGP (ÒTUVNKEJ 5EJYCT\DWTIKUEJGU 'JTGPMTGW\ -TGW\ -NCUUG 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG OKP %JKR KP FGT DNCWGP 'OCKNNG #WH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG OKV QTKIKPCNGO #DFGEMVWEJ OKV *GTUVGNNGT 'VKMGVV FGT (KTOC )WUVCX 8KGVQT KP 9KGUDCFGP CP 0CFGN ++

534 (1:2)

533 (1:2)

)TQ­G MTCWUG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG GKPGU U·EJUKUEJGP 8GVGTCPGP FGU 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIU OKV HÒPH #WU \GKEJPWPIGP 2TGW­GP 'KUGTPGU -TGW\ -NCUUG 5CEJUGP (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV /GFCKNNG KP 5KNDGT 5KNDGT CO -TKGIUDCPF 5CEJUGP FKVQ KP $TQP\G &GWVUEJGU 4GKEJ 'JTGPMTGW\ FGU 9GNV MTKGIGU HÒT (TQPVM·ORHGT -[HHJ·WUGT -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G CO $CPF FGT RTGW­KUEJGP &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI 4ÒEMUGKVKI #DFGEMVWEJ OKV *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC ' -GKNKI KP &TGUFGP CP 0CFGN ++

)TQ­G MTCWUG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG GKPGU DCFKUEJGP 1HHK\KGTU FGU 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIU OKV \YGK #WU\GKEJ PWPIGP 2TGW­GP 'KUGTPGU -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG $CFGP 1TFGP XQO <·JTKPIGT .ÌYGP 4KVVGT MTGW\ ++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK )NCUHNW­ /KV TÒEMUGKVKIGO #DFGEMVWEJ CP 0CFGN ++

535 (1:1,5)

160

)TQ­G MTCWUG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG GKPGU YÒTVVGODGTIKUEJGP 8GVGTCPGP FGU 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIU OKV XKGT #WU\GKEJPWPIGP 2TGW­GP 'KUGTPGU -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG 'KUGP NCEMKGTV 5KNDGT KO $CPFTKPI *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G 59 FGT (KTOC 5[ 9CIPGT KP $GTNKP 9ÒTVVGODGTI 5KNDGTPG /KNKV·TXGTFKGPUVOG FCKNNG /QFGNN OKV FGO 2QTVTCKV -ÌPKI 9KNJGNOU ++ 5KNDGT OKV 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT 5KIPCVWT - 5%*9'0<'4 &GWVUEJGU 4GKEJ 'JTGPMTGW\ FGU 9GNVMTKGIGU HÒT (TQPVM·ORHGT 'KUGP DTQP \KGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGT\GKEJGP ) 9ÒTVVGODGTI &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI /QFGNN

-NCUUG /GFCKNNG HÒT +: &KGPUVLCJTG XGTUKNDGTV /KV TÒEMUGKVKIGO #DFGEMVWEJ CP 0C FGN &KG #WU\GKEJPWPIGP KP FGWVNKEJ ÒDGTFWTEJUEJPKVVNKEJGT 'TJCNVWPI + ++


GRUPPEN UND ORDENSSCHNALLEN

537 (1:2)

536 (1:2)

)TQ­G MTCWUG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG GKPGU YÒTVVGODGTIKUEJGP 1HHK\KGTU OKV FTGK #WU\GKEJPWPIGP 2TGW ­GP 'KUGTPGU -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG 9ÒTVVGODGTI /KNKV·T 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP /QFGNN 4KVVGTMTGW\ #PHGTVKIWPI FGU -ÌPKINKEJGP /ÒP\COVU KP 5VWVVICTV 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV 9ÒTVVGODGTI (TKGFTKEJU 1TFGP /QFGNN 4KVVGTMTGW\ ++ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP #PHGT VKIWPI FGU -ÌPKINKEJGP /ÒP\COVU KP 5VWVVICTV 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV FCU TÒEMUGKVKIG /GFCKNNQP (GNF OGJTHCEJ IGURTWPIGP 'VYCU XGTUEJOWV\V CP 0CFGN +O PGWGP PKEJV \WIGJÌTKIGP 'VWK ++

)TQ­G MTCWUG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG OKV \YGK #WU\GKEJPWPIGP 2TGW­GP &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI /QFGNN

-NCUUG /GFCKNNG HÒT :++ &KGPUVLCJTG XGTIQNFGV -TKGIGTXGTGKP 'JTGPMTGW\ -NCUUG FGU 2TGW­KUEJGP .CPFGU -TKGIGTXGTDCPFGU ++

538 (1:1,5)

)TQ­G MTCWUG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG GKPGU 8GVGTCPGP FGU 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIGU OKV XKGT #WU\GKEJPWPIGP 5·EJUKUEJGU -TKGIU 'JTGPMTGW\ -NCUUG FGU $WPFGU 5·EJUKUEJGT (TQPVUQNFCVGP KO &GWVUEJGP -TKGIGT DWPF G 8 #WUHÒJTWPI 'JTGP WPF 'TKPPGTWPIUMTGW\ FGU /CTKPGMQTRU (NCPFGTP 4GIKOGPVU 'TKPPGTWPIUMTGW\ -TKGIUGJTGPMTGW\ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP FGU 'JTGPDWPFGU &GWV UEJGT 9GNVMTKGIUVGKNPGJOGT G 8 #P 0CFGN ++

539 (1:1,5)

)TQ­G MTCWUG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG GKPGU 8GVGTCPGP FGU 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIGU OKV HÒPH #WU\GKEJPWPIGP 2TGW­GP 'KUGTPGU -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG GVYCU XGTUEJOWV\V 'JTGP WPF 'TKPPGTWPIUMTGW\ FGU /CTKPGMQTRU (NCPFGTP OKV )GHGEJVUURCPIG ;2'40 WPF 51//' &GWVUEJG 'JTGPFGPMOÒP\G FGU 9GNVMTKGIGU FGU 1TFGPUTCVU FGT &GWVUEJGP 'JTGPNGIKQP K 8 FGU 8GTDCPFGU PCVKQPCN IGUKPPVGT 5QN FCVGP G 8 OKV -CORHCD\GKEJGP 4GIKOGPVU 'TKPPGTWPIUMTGW\ OKV $CPFURCPIG ,0( 4)6 WPF )GHGEJVUURCPIG 47/ 0+'0 7PICTP 7PICTKUEJG 9GNVMTKGIU 'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP WPF *GNO /KV TÒEMUGKVKIGO #DFGEMVWEJ CP 0CFGN ++

161


MINIATURENSCHNALLEN UND KETTCHEN

540

)TQ­G MTCWUG (TCEMURCPIG FGU /CLQTU C & 1UYCNF XQP FGO *CIGP OKV UKGDGP #WU \GKEJPWPIGP 8QP TGEJVU PCEJ NKPMU 2TGW­GP 'KUGTPGU -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG $C[GTP /KNKV·T 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP #WUHÒJTWPI CD OKV /GFCKNNQPU KP 5KNDGT 5KNDGT GOCKN NKGTV *GUUGP #NNIGOGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP HÒT -TKGIUXGTFKGPUV 5KNDGT 5CEJUGP 9GKOCT *CWUQTFGP FGT 9CEJUCOMGKV QFGT XQO 9GK­GP (CNMGP 4KVVGTMTGW\ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP 5KNDGT GOCKNNKGTV 5CEJUGP #NDTGEJVUQTFGP /QFGNN #WUICDG 5KNDGT OKV UGRCTCVGP /GFCKNNQP 4KPIGP ņ 4KVVGTMTGW\ -NCUUG &GWVUEJGU 4GKEJ &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI FGT 9GJTOCEJV #WUHÒJTWPI QJPG *C MGPMTGW\ -TGW\ -NCUUG HÒT &KGPUVLCJTG &GWVUEJGU 4GKEJ &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI FGT 9GJTOCEJV #WUHÒJTWPI QJPG *CMGPMTGW\ -TGW\ -NCUUG HÒT &KGPUVLCJTG #WH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG OKV QTKIKPCNGO #DFGEMVWEJ CP 0CFGN + ++ 0CEJ OQPVKGTVG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG 1UYCNF (GTFKPCPF #TVJWT XQP FGO *CIGP YWTFG \WUCOOGP OKV UGKPGO <YKNNKPIUDTWFGT 1UMCT 1VVQ .WFYKI CO #RTKN KP #PPCDGTI IGDQTGP 5GKPG 'NVGTP YCTGP 4GP¾ XQP FGO *CIGP WPF UGKPG (TCW .WEKG IGD XQP 'PIGNJCTFV $GKFG 5ÌJPG UEJNWIGP FKG OKNKV·TKUEJG .CWHDCJP GKP 1UYCNF FKGPVG W C KO 6JÒTKP IKUEJGP +PHCPVGTKG 4GIKOGPV )TQ­JGT\QI XQP 5CEJUGP 0T WPF DGUWEJVG DKU FKG -TKGIUCMCFGOKG #O ,CPWCT GTJKGNV GT FCU 4KVVGTMTGW\ ++ -NCUUG FGU U·EJUKUEJGP #NDTGEJVUQTFGPU 9·JTGPF FGU GTUVGP 9GNVMTKGIU GTJKGNV GT FCU 4KVVGTMTGW\ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP FGU UCEJUGP YGKOCTKUEJGP *CWUQTFGPU FGT 9CEJUCOMGKV QFGT XQO 9GKUGP (CNMGP FCU UCEJUGP YGKOCTKUEJG 9KNJGNO 'TPUV -TKGIUMTGW\ PCEJ FGP DC[GTKUEJGP /KNKV·T 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP -NCUUG WPF \W GKPGO WPDGMCPPVGP <GKVRWPMV FCU '- ++ FCU '- + WPF FCU JGUUKUEJG #NNIGOGKPG 'JTGP\GKEJGP HÒT -TKGIUXGTFKGPUV 'PVNCUUGP YWTFG GT CNU /CLQT FKGPVG CDGT PQEJ HÒT GKPG MWT\G <GKV KP FGT 4GKEJUYGJT CTDGKVGVG LGFQEJ CD CNU RTQHGUUKQPGNNGT #UVTQNQIG 7 C YCT GT CWEJ /KVINKGF FGU 5VCJNJGNO 9QJN \W $GIKPP FGU <YGKVGP 9GNVMTKGIU YWTFG GT YKGFGT CNU /CLQT CMVKXKGTV 0CEJ FGO -TKGI CTDGKVGVG GT YKGFGT CNU #UVTQNQIG WPF YCT XQP DKU 'TUVGT 8QTUKV\GPFGT FGU &GWVUEJGP #UVTQNQIGP 8GTDCPFGU 'T YCT XGTJGK TCVGV OKV 5CDKPG (TGKKP XQP *CTUVCNN IGD #O /·T\ KUV GT KP $QPP $GWGN IGUVQTDGP &CU 2JQVQ \GKIV XQP FGO *CIGP CNU 6GKNPGJOGT CO #UVTQNQIGP -QPITG­ KP /ÒPEJGP 'KPG .GWVPCPVU 'RCWNGVVG FGU 6JÒTKPIKUEJGP +PHCPVGTKG 4GIKOGPVU )TQ­JGT\QI XQP 5CEJUGP 0T CWU FGO $GUKV\ XQP FGO *CIGPU UKGJG -CV 0T

541 (1:1)

&'765%*.#0& /+0+#674'05%*0#..'0 70& -'66%*'0

162

2TGW­KUEJGU /KPKCVWTGPMGVVEJGP OKV CEJV #WU\GKEJPWPIUOKPKCVWTGP 4QVGT #FNGT 1TFGP /Q FGNN -TGW\ -NCUUG #WUHÒJTWPI OKV IGMÌTPVGP -TGW\CTOHN·EJGP 5KNDGT VNY GOCKN NKGTV 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK -TQPGP 1TFGP /QFGNN -TGW\ -NCUUG 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV .CPFYGJT &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI -NCUUG 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G HÒT -QODCVVCPVGP <GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG 'TKPPGTWPIUMTGW\ -ÌPKIIT·V\ 4WUUKUEJGU 4GKEJ 5V #PPGP 1TFGP 1TFGPUMTGW\ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK CWH FGO 4GXGTU FGU WPVGTGP -TGW\CTOU 'OCKNNG %JKR 4WUUKUEJGU 4GKEJ 5V 5VCPKUNCWU 1TFGP 1TFGPU MTGW\ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK #P \YGK 0CFGNP ++ +++


ALLGEMEINE KONVOLUTE

<YGK /KPKCVWTGPMGVVEJGP OKV LGYGKNU XKGT #WU\GKEJPWPIU /KPKCVWTGP C 2TGW­GP '-++ D 2TGW­GP 4QV -TGW\ /GFCKNNG -NCUUG E -[HHJ·WUGT -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G F -TKGIGTXGTGKP 'JTGPMTGW\ -NCUUG FGU 2TGW­KUEJGP .CPFGU -TKGIGTXGTDCPFGU C &GWVUEJG 'JTGPFGPMOÒP\G FGU 9GNVMTKGIGU FGU 1TFGPUTCVU FGT &GWVUEJGP 'JTGPNGIKQP K 8 FGU 8GTDCPFGU PCVKQPCN IGUKPPVGT 5QNFCVGP G 8 OKV -CORHCD\GKEJGP D 'JTGP WPF 'TKPPGTWPIUMTGW\ FGU /CTKPGMQTRU (NCPFGTP E -[HHJ·WUGT -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G OKV 5EJYGTVGTP F -TKGIGTXGTGKP 'JTGPMTGW\ -NCUUG FGU 2TGW­KUEJGP .CPFGU -TKGIGTXGTDCPFGU -GVVEJGP LGYGKNU CP 0CFGNP ++

543 (1:1)

/KPKCVWTGPMGVVEJGP GKPGU YÒTVVGODGTIKUEJGP 1HHK\KGTU OKV XKGT #WU\GKEJPWPIUOKPKCVWTGP 2TGW ­GP 'KUGTPGU -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG 9ÒTVVGODGTI /KNKV·T 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP /QFGNN /KPKCVWT FGU 4KVVGTMTGW\GU OKV 5EJYGTVGTP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV 9ÒTVVGODGTI (TKGF TKEJU 1TFGP /QFGNN /KPKCVWT FGU 4KVVGTMTGW\GU + -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP 5KNDGT XGT IQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV &GWVUEJGU 4GKEJ 'JTGPMTGW\ FGU 9GNVMTKGIGU HÒT (TQPVM·ORHGT #P \YGK 0CFGNP +O PKEJV \WIGJÌTKIGP 'VWK FGU .WHVUEJWV\ 'JTGP\GKEJGPU 5VWHG ++

&'765%*.#0& #..)'/'+0' -1081.76'

-QPXQNWV XQP UKGDGP FGWVUEJGP 'JTGP\GKEJGP 7 C FTGK <YGKGT 1TFGPUUEJPCNNGP FCXQP \YGK LG OKV '-++ WPF (TQPVM·ORHGTMTGW\ &C\W TWO·PKUEJG 6TGWFKGPUV $TQP\GOGFCKNNG 5'48+%+7. %4'&'0%+15 FKGUG QJPG $CPF +P QTFGPVNKEJGP 'TJCNVWPIGP ++

ex 546 (1:1) ex 545 (1:1)

547 (1:3)

5COONWPI XQP EC FGWVUEJGP 1TFGP 'JTGP\GKEJGP #D\GKEJGP 8GTDCPFU #D\GKEJGP /KPKCVW TGP (GNFUEJPCNNGP -PQRHNQEJUEJNGKHGP #PUVGEMPCFGNP WUY 1TKIKPCNG WPF -QRKGP CWU XGTUEJKGFG PGP /CVGTKCNGP OCPEJG GOCKNNKGTV KP WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP 'TJCNVWPIGP VGKNU CP $·PFGTP VGKNU CP 0CFGNP GKPGU KO 'VWK ++ ++ +++ +++ +8

-QPXQNWV XQP EC XQTYKGIGPF FGWVUEJGP WPF ÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJGP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP WPF /GFCKNNGP 6TCIDCT WPF PKEJV VTCIDCT KP WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP /GVCNNGP VGKNU OKV $·PFGTP FTGK 'VWKU GKPGU DGUEJ· FKIV GKPG &TGKGT (GNFUEJPCNNG GKPG 'KPGT -PQRHNQEJ 5RCPIG CWU DGOCNVGO 2QT\GNNCP GKP /ÒV\GPDCPF FGT -TKGIUOCTKPG WPF $CPFUVÒEMG XQP WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGT .·PIG KP UGJT WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP 'TJCNVWP IGP ++ ++ +++ +++

-QPXQNWV XQP CEJV XGTUEJKGFGPGP FGWVUEJGP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP 7 C CWU $CFGP 5CEJUGP /GEMNGP DWTI 5EJYGTKP WPF 9ÒTVVGODGTI KP WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP /GVCNNGP CWEJ KP 5KNDGT HÒPH CP VGKNU MQTTGMVGP $TWUVD·PFGTP KP QTFGPVNKEJGP 'TJCNVWPIGP &C\W VTCIDCTGT #DIW­ GKPGT 4GXQNWVKQPUOGFCKNNG WPF #DIW­ GKPGT PKEJV VTCIDCTGP U·EJUKUEJGP /GFCKNNG XQP ++ ++

163


KOPIEN UND SAMMLERANFERTIGUNGEN

ex 548 (1:1)

549 (1:1)

-QPXQNWV XQP EC FGWVUEJGP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP 7 C CWU $C[GTP $TCWPUEJYGKI *QJGP\QNNGTP WPF 2TGW­GP WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJG /GVCNNG CWEJ 5KNDGT VGKNU CP $·PFGTP KP WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGT 'TJCNVWPI WPF XKGT #D\GKEJGP KP WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP /CVGTKCNKGP UQYKG GKP DGNIKUEJGU -TKGIUMTGW\ ++ ++ +++

&'765%*.#0& -12+'0 70& 5#//.'4#0('46+)70)'0 =%12+'5?

$C[GTP 4KVVGT *CWU 1TFGP XQO JN /KEJCGN (TGKG 4GMQPUVTWMVKQPU #PHGTVKIWPI CWU FGP GT ,CJTGP GKPGU -NGKPQFU \WO )TQ­MTGW\ /QFGNN OKV (ÒTUVGPJWV CNU ªDGTJÌJWPI ņ YQJN )QNF OCUUKX GOCKNNKGTV I 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK FKG KP PKEJV MQTTGMVGT 4GKJGPHQNIG IGOCNVGP $WEJ UVCDGP CWH FGP -TGW\CTOGP VNY XGTICPIGP QJPG $CPF 44 ++

$C[GTP 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP XQO JN /KEJCGN /QFGTPG MQTTGMV CWUIGHÒJTVG 5COONGTCPHGTVKIWPI GKPGU MQPHGMVKQPKGTVGO 5EJWNVGTDCPFGU \WO )TQ­MTGW\ +

551

552

*CPPQXGT 5V )GQTIU 1TFGP 5COONGTCPHGTVKIWPI =EQR[? GKPGU $TWUVUVGTPU CWU FGP GT ,CJTGP &WTEJOGUUGT OO 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV WPF TGRGTEKGTV /GFCKNNQP VNY )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I 'OCKN NGOCNGTGK CP )QNFGPGT 0CFGN FKGUG CWH FGT +PPGPUGKVG OKV %12; RWP\KGTV ++ #NU 8QTNCIG HÒT FKGUG #PHGTVKIWPI FÒTHVG CWHITWPF YGUGPVNKEJGT ªDGTGKPUVKOOWPIGP DKU CWH FKG DGKFGP /GFCKNNQP 4KPIG GKP 'ZGORNCT XQO 6[R GKPGU DGK -NGPCW )- 0T WPF -NKPIDGKN 6JKGU -$ 0T CDIGDKNFGVGP 5VÒEMGU IGFKGPV JCDGP

164

/GEMNGPDWTI 5EJYGTKP )TQ­JGT\QINKEJ /GEMNGPDWTIKUEJGT )TGKHGP 1TFGP 5EJYGTKPGT #WUHÒJ TWPI YQJN UR·VGTG 0CEJHGTVKIWPI =RTQDCDN[ EQR[? GKPGU 'JTGPMTGW\GU Z OO OCUUKXGT 5KN DGTIW­ XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV I /GFCKNNQP OKV UGRCTCV CWHIGUGV\VGO )TGKH CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC * 4QUG KP 5EJYGTKP CP )QNFGPGT UGJT URKV\GT 0CFGN ++


KOPIEN UND SAMMLERANFERTIGUNGEN

553 (1:1)

554 (1:1)

/GEMNGPDWTI 5EJYGTKP )TQ­JGT\QINKEJ /GEMNGPDWTIKUEJGT )TGKHGP 1TFGP 5EJYGTKPGT #WUHÒJ TWPI YQJN UR·VGTG 0CEJHGTVKIWPI =RTQDCDN[ EQR[? GKPGU 4KVVGTMTGW\GU OKV -TQPG FKGUG DGYGINKEJ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV I /GFCKNNQP OKV UGRCTCV CWHIGUGV\VGO )TGKH QJPG $CPF &C\W GKP (TQPVM·ORHGT -TGW\ GKP RTGW­KUEJGU -TKGIUJKNHGMTGW\ GKPG $WNICTKUEJG -TKGIU 'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG LGYGKNU CP $·PFGTP WPF GKP OGEMNGPDWTIKUEJGT $CPFCDUEJPKVV ++

2TGW­GP 1TFGP RQWT NG O¾TKVG 'KPHCEJG 5COONGTCPHGTVKIWPI FGU 1TFGPUMTGW\GU 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO *CNUDCPF ++

2TGW­GP 1TFGP RQWT NG O¾TKVG 'KPHCEJG GKPUGKVKIG 5COONGTCPHGTVKIWPI FGU 1TFGPUMTGW\GU XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV OKV *CNUDCPF #DUEJPKVV &C\W GKP YGKVGTGU \YGKUGKVKIGU 'ZGORNCT $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV QJPG $CPFTKPI WPF QJPG $CPF ++

556 (1:1)

2TGW­GP -ÌPKINKEJ 2TGW­KUEJGT 5V ,QJCPPKVGTQTFGP 5COONGTCPHGTVKIWPI =EQR[? FGU 1TFGPUMTGW\GU OKV $TKNNCPVGP )QNF VNY GOCKNNKGTV #FNGT ¤UG WPF $CPFTKPI VNY ¯ LQWT DGUGV\V OKV 5KOKNKUVGKPGP I QDGTHN·EJNKEJGT 'OCKNNG %JKR CWH FGO TGEJVGP -TGW\CTO CO PGWGP *CNUDCPF #DUEJPKVV 4 + #WEJ CNU 5COONGTCPHGTVKIWPI XQP ITQ­GT 5GNVGPJGKV *GTXQTTCIGPFGU 'TUCV\GZGORNCT GKPGU PCJG\W WPDGUEJCHHDCTGP 1TKIKPCNU XQP FGO NCWV 0KOOGTIWV KP 0+ 5 \YKUEJGP D\Y NCWV 6JKGU KO -CVCNQI FGT #WMVKQP FGT #PFTGCU 6JKGU G - CO #RTKN 5 DKU KPUIGUCOV 8GTNGKJWPIGP CP 0KEJVRTGW­GP GTHQNIV UKPF FCXQP CP TWUUKUEJG /KNKV·TCPIGJÌTKIG

165


KETTCHEN INTERNATIONAL

558 (1:1) 557

5CEJUGP 9GKOCT )TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 5·EJUKUEJGT *CWUQTFGP FGT 9CEJUCOMGKV QFGT XQO 9GK­GP (CNMGP /QFGNN 5COONGTCPHGTVKIWPI =EQR[? CWU FGP GT ,CJTGP GKPGU $TWUVUVGTPU \WO -QOVWT OKV 5VGTP CD 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV VNY GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG \GKEJPWPI FGU *QH ,WYGNKGTU 6 /ÒNNGT KP 9GKOCT CP 0CFGN FKGUG KPPGP OKV FGT 2WP\G %12; ++

/+0+#674'0 +06'40#6+10#.

-QPXQNWV XQP 1TFGPUOKPKCVWTGP 7 C CWU $GNIKGP (KPPNCPF (TCPMTGKEJ FGP 0KGFGTNCPFGP 2QNGP 2TGW­GP 5RCPKGP WPF 5EJYGFGP WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJG /GVCNNG CWEJ )QNF WPF 5KNDGT VGKNU XGTIQNFGV GOCKNNKGTV DKU CWH GKPG CO MQTTGMVGP $·PFEJGP KP FWTEJYGIU QTFGPVNKEJGP 'TJCNVWPIGP &C\W FTGK /KPKCVWTGP XQP HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP WPF DTKVKUEJGP 'JTGP\GKEJGP 5KNDGT ++

559 (1:1)

/+0+#674'05%*0#..'0 70& -'66%*'0 +06'40#6+10#.

/KPKCVWTGPMGVVEJGP GKPGU YQJN HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP 8GVGTCPGP FGU /GZKMQ (GNF\WIGU OKV XKGT #WU\GKEJ PWPIU /KPKCVWTGP /GZKMQ 1TFGP 7PUGTGT .KGDGP (TCW XQP )WCFGNQWRG 1TFGPUMTGW\ HÒT /KNKV·T XGTFKGPUV )QNF GOCKNNKGTV 'OCKNNG #DRNCV\WPI KO 4GXGTU /GFCKNNQP (TCPMTGKEJ MQNQPKCN -ÌPKINK EJGT 1TFGP XQP -CODQFUEJC 1TFGPUFGMQTCVKQP )QNF VNY 'OCKNNKGTV 5RCPKGP 1TFGP +UCDGNNCU FGT -CVJQNKUEJGP 1TFGPUMTGW\ )QNF GOCKNNKGTV (TCPMTGKEJ -CKUGTTGKEJ /GZKMQ (GNF\WIUOGFCKNNG 5KNDGT #O FTGKTGKJKIGP )QNFGPGP -GVVEJGP ++

560 (1:1)

166

/KPKCVWTGPUEJPCNNG OKV HÒPH #WU\GKEJPWPIUOKPKCVWTGP 5RCPKGP 1TFGP +UCDGNNCU FGT -CVJQNKUEJGP -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\ $·PFEJGP OKV 5KNDGTNKV\G WPF 4QUGVVG 5RCPKGP /KNKV·T 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP YGK­G #DVGKNWPI -TGW\ -NCUUG QJPG -TQPG (TCPMTGKEJ 1TFGP FGT 'JTGPNGIKQP 4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP OKV 2QTVWICN %JTKUVWUQTFGP 4KVVGTMTGW\ $GNIKGP -TQPGPQTFGP 4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP &KG 1T FGPUFGMQTCVKQPGP LGYGKNU 5KNDGT VGKNU XGTIQNFGV GOCKNNKGTV #P DTKVKUEJGT /KPKCVWTGPUEJPCNNG XQP 5RKPM KP .QPFQP OKV 0CFGN ++


KONVOLUTE INTERNATIONAL

561

ex 562

ex 563

/KPKCVWTGPMGVVEJGP OKV FTGK UGNVGPGP #WU\GKEJPWPIUOKPKCVWTGP 7PDGMCPPVGU 1TFGPUMTGW\ KP (QTO GKPGU /CNVGUGTMTGW\GU KO <GPVTWO /QPQITCOO '++ )QNF GOCKNNKGTV .KODWTI 1TFGP FGU JN 2JKNKRR XQO .ÌYGP XQP .KODWTI 1TFGPUMTGW\ )QNF GOCKNNKGTV 2CTOC -QPUVCPVKPKUEJGT 5V )GQTIU 1TFGP 1TFGPUMTGW\ )QNF GOCKNNKGTV -GVVEJGP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV 44 ++ #NNG FTGK /KPKCVWTGP XQP ITÌ­VGT 5GNVGPJGKV KPUDGUQPFGTG FKG /KPKCVWT FGU NKODWTIKUEJGP 1TFGPU

-1081.76' +06'40#6+10#.

-QPXQNWV XQP CEJV 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP 7 C CWU (KPPNCPF 2QNGP 2TGW­GP 4WO·PKGP FGO 4WUUKUEJGP 4GKEJ WPF 5EJYGFGP KP WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP /GVCNNGP CWEJ KP 5KNDGT VGKNU XGTIQNFGV VGKNU GOCKNNKGTV VGKNU CP $·PFGTP KP WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP 'TJCNVWPIGP \YGK KP 'VWKU &C\W XKGT RQNPKUEJG #D\GK EJGP VGKNU GOCKNNKGTV ++ +++

-QPXQNWV XQP XKGT 1TFGP $WNICTKUEJGT /KNKV·T 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP -NCUUG (KPPKUEJGT 1TFGP FGU (TGKJGKVUMTGW\GU -TGW\ -NCUUG (TCP\ÌUKUEJGT 1TFGP FGT 'JTGPNGIKQP 1HHK\KGTUFGMQTCVKQP 5KNDGT /GFCKNNQPU )QNF 'OCKNNG #WUDTÒEJG 5QYLGVKUEJGT 4QVDCPPGT 1TFGP 5KNDGT ,GYGKNU GOCKN NKGTV CP $·PFGTP D\Y $CPFURCPIG ++ ++ +++

ex 565 ex 564

ex 566

ex 567

-QPXQNWV XQP EC 1TFGP 'JTGP\GKEJGP WPF #D\GKEJGP 1TKIKPCNG WPF -QRKGP W C CWU $GNIKGP $WNICTKGP %JKPC &·PGOCTM &GWVUEJNCPF )TQ­DTKVCPPKGP FGO +TCP ,CRCP FGP 0KGFGTNCPFGP 4W­ NCPF 5RCPKGP KP XGTUEJKGFGPGP /GVCNNGP CEJV KP 5KNDGT GKPKIG GOCKNNKGTV ITÌ­VGPVGKNU CP $·PFGTP QFGT 0CFGNP GKPGU KO 'VWK WPF GKPGU KP FGT 5EJCEJVGN KP WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP 'TJCNVWPIGP ++

-QPXQNWV XQP UKGDGP XGTUEJKGFGPGP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP 7 C CWU $GNIKGP WPF (TCPMTGKEJ WPVGTUEJKGFNK EJG /GVCNNG VGKNU GOCKNNKGTV UGEJU CP $·PFGTP GKPGU OKV 'VWK KP QTFGPVNKEJGP 'TJCNVWPIGP &C\W UGEJU PKEJV VTCIDCTG /GFCKNNGP W C CWU )TQ­DTKVCPPKGP WPF FGT 6UEJGEJQUNQYCMGK WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJG /GVCNNG ++

-QPXQNWV XQP EC 1TFGP 'JTGP\GKEJGP WPF #D\GKEJGP 7 C CWU $WNICTKGP (TCPMTGKEJ )TQ­ DTKVCPPKGP +VCNKGP -TQCVKGP ¤UVGTTGKEJ FGO 1UOCPKUEJGP 4GKEJ WPF 7PICTP +P XGTUEJKGFGPGP /GVCN NGP CWEJ 5KNDGT VGKNU GOCKNNKGTV OGKUV CP MQTTGMVGP $·PFGTP KP WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP 'TJCNVWPIGP ++ ++ +++ +++

-QPXQNWV XQP EC PGWP 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP 7 C CWU VJKQRKGP $GNIKGP (TCPMTGKEJ WPF 4W O·PKGP 8GTUEJKGFGPG /GVCNNG CWEJ 5KNDGT VGKNU XGTIQNFGV VGKNU GOCKNNKGTV VGKNU CP $·PFGTP XKGT KP 'VWKU KP IWVGP 'TJCNVWPIGP ++

167



Europa


ALBANIEN

'7412#

569

568

(ª456'067/

#.$#0+'0

1TFGP XQO 5EJYCT\GP #FNGT =7TFJGTK 5JSKRQPLC G <G\À? 4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF #. $9- <- 44 ++ .CWV -NKGVOCPP KP -1. 0T ,G 5 YWTFG FKGUG -NCUUG \YKUEJGP /·T\ WPF /·T\ PWT /CN XGTNKGJGP &GT 5EJYCT\G #FNGT 1TFGP YWTFG \WUCOOGP OKV FGP FC\WIGJÌTKIGP /GFCKNNGP XQP 9KNJGNO (ÒTUVGP XQP #NDCPKGP

CWU FGO *CWUG 9KGF KO ,CJTG IGUVKHVGV

-¤0+)4'+%* 706'4 <1)7

1TFGP HÒT 6CRHGTMGKV =7TFJÀPK K 6TKOPKU? 6CRHGTMGKVUOGFCKNNG KP $TQP\G $TQP\G CO $CPF #. $9- <- 44 ++

570 (1:1)

1TFGP FGT 6TGWG =7TFJÀPK K $GUÀU? CWEJ CNU $GUC 1TFGP DG\GKEJPGV /QFGNN -NGKPQF \WO )TQ­MQTFQP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV FKG #WHNCIGP CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG CEJVHCEJ XGTUVKHVGV QJPG 5EJWNVGTDCPF #. $9- <- 444 ++ 2T·UKFGPV #EJOGF <QIW XQP DKU 2T·UKFGPV WPF XQP DKU -ÌPKI JCV FGP 1TFGP CO ,CPWCT CNU HÒPHMNCUUKIGP 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP IGUVKHVGV WPF HÒT FCU -ÌPKITGKEJ WPXGT·PFGTV ÒDGTPQOOGP

170


ALBANIEN

571 (1:1)

1TFGP FGT 6TGWG =7TFJÀPK K $GUÀU? CWEJ CNU $GUC 1TFGP DG\GKEJPGV /QFGNN *CNUFGMQTCVKQP \WO )TQ­QHHK\KGT WPF \WO -QOOCPFGWT HTCP\ÌUKUEJG #PHGTVKIWPI 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV OKP #DRNCV\WPIGP KP FGT UEJYCT\GP 'OCKNNG FKG #WHNCIGP OKV XKGT 4WPFMQRHPKGVGP CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG DGHGUVKIV CO PGWGP *CNUDCPF #DUEJPKVV #. $9- <- 44 ++ .CWV FGP #PICDGP DGK .COG KP #. 5 WPF UKPF GPVIGIGP FGT #WUUCIG XQP $CTCE KP $9- 5 FKG *CNUFGMQTCVKQPGP \WO )TQ­QHHK\KGT WPF \WO -QOOCPFGWT KFGPVKUEJ

572 (1:1)

1TFGP FGT 6TGWG =7TFJÀPK K $GUÀU? CWEJ CNU $GUC 1TFGP DG\GKEJPGV /QFGNN $TWUVFGMQTCVKQP \WO )TQ­QHHK\KGT WPF \WO 1HHK\KGT HTCP\ÌUKUEJG #PHGTVKIWPI 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV OKP #DRNCV\WPIGP KP FGT UEJYCT\GP 'OCKNNG FKG #WHNCIGP OKV XKGT 4WPFMQRHPKGVGP CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG DGHGUVKIV CP 0CFGN OKV \YGK UGKVNKEJGP (KZKGTJCMGP #. $9- <- 444 ++ .CWV FGP #PICDGP DGK .COG KP #. 5 WPF UKPF FKG $TWUVFGMQTCVKQPGP \WO )TQ­QHHK\KGT WPF \WO 1HHK\KGT KFGPVKUEJ

171


ALBANIEN

573 (1:1)

573 (1:1)

575 (1:1)

574 (1:1)

574 (1:1)

1TFGP FGT 6TGWG =7TFJÀPK K $GUÀU? CWEJ CNU $GUC 1TFGP DG\GKEJPGV /QFGNN OKV (CUEGU PGDGP FGO /KVVGNUEJKNF WPF -GVVG OKV UCXQ[KUEJGP .KGDGUMPQVGP ņ 4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP #WUHÒJTWPI OKV ITÌ­GTGP $WEJUVCDGP CWH FGO #XGTU WPF XKGT UKEJVDCTGP 8GTUVKHVWPIGP WPF GKPGT *QJNPKGVG CWH FGO 4GXGTU 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG SWCFTCVKUEJG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC ' )CTFKPQ KP 4QO CO CNVGP 1TKIKPCNDCPF #. $9- <- 4 ++

5MCPFGTDGI 1TFGP =7TFJÀPK K 5MÀPFGTDGWV? /QFGNN -NGKPQF \WO )TQ­MQTFQP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC &KVVC %TCXCP\QNC 5WEE ' )CTFKPQ KP 4QO QJPG 5EJWNVGTDCPF #. $9- <- ++ 2T·UKFGPV #EJOGF <QIW XQP DKU 2T·UKFGPV WPF XQP DKU -ÌPKI JCV FGP HÒPHMNCUUK IGP )TQ­MQTFQP OKV 5VGTP )TQ­QHHK\KGT -QOOCPFGWT 1HHK\KGT WPF 4KVVGT \KXKNGP WPF OKNKV·TKUEJGP 8GTFKGPUVQT FGP IGUVKHVGV /QFGNN &KG 5VCVWVGP FCVKGTGP XQO &G\GODGT $GPCPPV YCT FGT 1TFGP PCEJ FGO CNDCPKUEJGP (ÒTUVGP WPF 0CVKQPCNJGNFGP IGIGP FKG 1UOCPGP )LGTIL -CUVTKQVK IGPCPPV 5MÀPFGTDGWV

5MCPFGTDGI 0CEJ FGT )TÒPFWPI FGU -ÌPKITGKEJGU WPF #WUTWHWPI <QIWU \WO -ÌPKI XQP #NDCPKGP CO 5GRVGO DGT YWTFG FGT 1TFGP WPXGT·PFGTV ÒDGTPQOOGP

5MCPFGTDGI 1TFGP =7TFJÀPK K 5MÀPFGTDGWV? /QFGNN $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­QHHK\KGT 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC ' )CTFKPQ 5WEE %TCXCP\QNC KP 4QO CP 0CFGN #. $9- <- 4 ++ 'PVIGIGP FGP #DDKNFWPIGP DGK <GKIG KP <- 5 JCPFGNV GU UKEJ JKGTDGK PCEJ .COG KP ./ 5 VCVU·EJNKEJ WO FGP $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­QHHK\KGT WPF PKEJV \WO )TQ­MQTFQP

172


ALBANIEN

577 (1:1)

576 (1:1)

578 (1:1)

5MCPFGTDGI 1TFGP =7TFJÀPK K 5MÀPFGTDGWV? /QFGNN $TWUVFGMQTCVKQP \WO 1HHK\KGT 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC ' )CTFKPQ 5WEE %TCXCP\QNC KP 4QO CP 0CFGN #. $9- <- ++

-¤0+)4'+%* 706'4 +6#.+'0+5%*'4 $'5'6<70)

1TFGP FGT 6TGWG =7TFJÀPK K $GUÀU? CWEJ CNU $GUC 1TFGP DG\GKEJPGV? /QFGNN OKV (CUEGU PGDGP FGO /KVVGNUEJKNF WPF -GVVG OKV UCXQ[KUEJGP .KGDGUMPQVGP ņ 4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP #WUHÒJTWPI OKV MNGKPGTGP $WEJUVCDGP CWH FGO #XGTU WPF ITÌ­GTGP 0KGVGP #DFGEMWPIGP CWH FGO 4GXGTU 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG SWCFTCVKUEJG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC ' )CTFKPQ KP 4QO CO CNVGP 1TKIKPCNDCPF #. $9- <- 4 + ++ 0CEJ FGT KVCNKGPKUEJGP #PPGMVKGTWPI #NDCPKGPU YWTFGP CWH 8GTCPNCUUWPI -ÌPKI 8KMVQT 'OOCPWGNU +++ FKG +PUKIPKGP FGU 1TFGPU FWTEJ *KP\WHÒIWPI FGT UCXQ[KUEJGP .KGDGUMPQVGP WPF FGU HCUEJKUVKUEJGP .KMVQTGPDÒPFGNU XGT·PFGTV 0CEJ FGO 5VWT\ /WUUQNKPKU KO ,CJTG YWTFG FGT 1TFGP PKEJV OGJT XGTNKGJGP #NNGTFKPIU XGTNKGJ <QIWU 5QJP .GMC FGP 1TFGP KP UGKPGT WTURTÒPINKEJGP )GUVCNV YGKVGT HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FKG -TQPG #NDCPKGPU WPF FKG #NDCPKUEJG 0CVKQPCNXGTUCOONWPI KO 'ZKN

5MCPFGTDGI 1TFGP =7TFJÀPK K 5MÀPFGTDGWV? /QFGNN OKV UCXQ[KUEJGP .KGDGUMPQVGP WPF (CUEGU WO FCU /GFCKNNQP ņ -NGKPQF \WO )TQ­MQTFQP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC ' )CTFKPQ 5WEE %TCXCP\QNC KP 4QO WPF 2WP\G HÒT GT 5KNDGT WPF 6WTKPGT *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G OKV (CUEGU QJPG 5EJWNVGTDCPF #. $9- <- ++ 0CEJ FGT FG HCEVQ #PPGZKQP #NDCPKGPU FWTEJ KVCNKGPKUEJG 6TWRRGP KO #RTKN YWTFG FGT 1TFGP OKV FGP -ÌPKINK EJGP &GMTGVGP 0T WPF -ÌPKI 8KMVQT 'OOCPWGNU +++ XQO WPF #RTKN ÒDGTPQO OGP UGKPG +PUKIPKGP FWTEJ *KP\WHÒIWPI FGT UCXQ[KUEJGP .KGDGUMPQVGP WPF FGU HCUEJKUVKUEJGP .KMVQTGPDÒPFGNU XGT·PFGTV GTJKGNV FGT $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­MTGW\ GKPG XQNNMQOOGP PGWG )GUVCNVWPI /QFGNN #WUHÒJ TWPI WPF FKG DKUJGTKIG 1HHK\KGTU 5VGEMFGMQTCVKQP YWTFG PCEJ KVCNKGPKUEJGO 8QTDKNF KP GKPG 4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP CO $CPF OKV CWHIGNGIVGT 4QUGVVG WOIGYCPFGNV UQYKG DGK CNNGP &QRRGNCFNGTP FGT 5VGTP ÒDGT FGP -ÌRHGP GPVHGTPV #WH ITWPF FGU KVCNKGPKUEJ CNNKKGTVGP 9CHHGPUVKNNUVCPFGU XQP %CUUKDKNG XQO 5GRVGODGT ICD +VCNKGP UGKPG $GUGV\WPI #NDCPKGPU CWH YQTCWH FCU .CPF CO 1MVQDGT DKU \WO 'PFG FGU <YGKVGP 9GNVMTKGIU XQP FGT &GWVUEJGP 9GJTOCEJV DGUGV\V YWTFG *KGTFWTEJ JÌTVG FGT 1TFGP HCMVKUEJ CWH \W DGUVGJGP

173


ALBANIEN

580 (1:1)

579 (1:1)

5MCPFGTDGI 1TFGP =7TFJÀPK K 5MÀPFGTDGWV? /QFGNN OKV UCXQ[KUEJGP .KGDGUMPQVGP WPF (CUEGU WO FCU /GFCKNNQP ņ *CNUFGMQTCVKQP \WO )TQ­QHHK\KGT WPF \WO -QOOCPFGWT 5KNDGT XGT IQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4Ã’EMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC ' )CTFKPQ 5WEE %TCXCP\QNC KP 4QO QJPG 2WP\KGTWPI QJPG *CNUDCPF #. $9- <- ++

5MCPFGTDGI 1TFGP =7TFJÀPK K 5MÀPFGTDGWV? /QFGNN OKV UCXQ[KUEJGP .KGDGUMPQVGP WPF (CUEGU WO FCU /GFCKNNQP ņ $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­QHHK\KGT #WUHÃ’JTWPI OKV (CUEGU UVCVV GKPGO 5VGTPEJGP CWH FGO /GFCKNNQP 4KPI 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4Ã’EMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC ' )CTFKPQ 5WEE %TCXCP\QNC KP 4QO CP 0CFGN #. $9- <- ++

582 (1:1) 582 (1:1) 581 (1:1)

174

5MCPFGTDGI 1TFGP =7TFJÀPK K 5MÀPFGTDGWV? /QFGNN OKV UCXQ[KUEJGP .KGDGUMPQVGP WPF (CUEGU WO FCU /GFCKNNQP ņ $TWUVFGMQTCVKQP \WO 1HHK\KGT 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC ' )CTFKPQ 5WEE %TCXCP\QNC KP 4QO CP 0CFGN #. $9- <- 44 ++

5MCPFGTDGI 1TFGP =7TFJÀPK K 5MÀPFGTDGWV? /QFGNN OKV UCXQ[KUEJGP .KGDGUMPQVGP WPF (CUEGU WO FCU /GFCKNNQP ņ 4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG 2WP\G HÒT GT 5KNDGT WPF 6WTKPGT *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G OKV (CUEGU KP FGT /KVVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC ' )CTFKPQ 5WEE %TCXCP\QNC KP 4QO CO NCPIGP CNVGP 1TKIKPCNDCPF #. $9- + ++


KÖNIGREICH BELGIEN

583 (1:1)

81.-54'27$.+-

'JTGPVKVGN *GNF FGT 5Q\KCNKUVKUEJGP #TDGKV =6KVWNNK *GTQ K 2WPÀU 5QEKCNKUVG ? #WUHÒJTWPI

)QNF I OKV 6TCIGURCPIG CP 6TCIGURCPIG KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK #. <- 44 ++

584 (1:1)

-¤0+)4'+%* $'.)+'0

.GQRQNF 1TFGP =1TFTG FG .¾QRQNF 1TFG XCP .GQRQNF? /QFGNN OKV HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT /GFCKNNQP 7OUEJTKHV ņ )TQ­MQTFQP 5GV DGUVGJGPF CWU -NGKPQF $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP OKP XGTUEJOWV\GP 5EJWNVGTDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC 2 &G)TGGH KP $TÒUUGN CP 0CFGN OKV \YGK UGKVNKEJGP (KZKGTJCMGP KO UEJYCT\GP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 'VWK FGT (KTOC 'VU , (QPUQP KP $TÒUUGN $9- <- ++ 5EJQP MWT\ PCEJ FGT 6JTQPDGUVGKIWPI CO ,WPK UVKHVGVG -ÌPKI .GQRQNF + CO ,WNK FGP 1TFGP CNU \WP·EJUV XKGTMNCUUKIGP <KXKN WPF /KNKV·TXGTFKGPUVQTFGP /KV -ÌPKINKEJGO &GMTGV XQO /CK GTJKGNV FGT 1TFGP GKPG YGKVGTG -NCUUG FKG FGT )TQ­QHHK\KGTG FKG PWT CWU GKPGO $TWUVUVGTP QJPG YGKVGTG +PUKIPKGP YKG *CNU QFGT $TWUVMTGW\ DGUVCPF 7O FGT <YGKURTCEJKIMGKV FGU .CPFGU 4GEJPWPI \W VTCIGP XGTHÒIVG -ÌPKI $CWFQWKP + UEJQP MWT\ PCEJ ªDGTPCJOG FGT 4GIKGTWPI CO ,WNK OKV &GMTGV XQO 1MVQDGT FC­ MÒPHVKI CWH CNNGP UVCCVNKEJGP 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP FKG +PUEJTKHVGP CWH UQYQJN HTCP\ÌUKUEJ YKG CWEJ HN·OKUEJ CP\WDTKPIGP UGKGP

175


KÖNIGREICH BELGIEN

585

588 586

587

.GQRQNF 1TFGP =1TFTG FG .¾QRQNF 1TFG XCP .GQRQNF? /QFGNN OKV HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT /GFCKNNQP 7OUEJTKHV ņ $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­QHHK\KGT #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC (GTPCPF *GTGOCPU 5KNDGT VNY DTKNNCPVKGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN OKV \YGK UGKVNKEJGP (KZKGTJCMGP $9- <- ++ .CWV 4WQMQPGP KP 4-$ 5 0T JCPFGNV GU UKEJ JKGTDGK WO GKPG #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC (GTPCPF *GTGOCPU +P FKGUGT -NCUUG YWTFG FGT $TWUVUVGTP CNNGKPG QJPG YGKVGTG +PUKIPKGP YKG *CNU QFGT $TWUVMTGW\ XGTNKGJGP WPF CWH FGT NKPMGP $TWUVUGKVG IGVTCIGP

.GQRQNF 1TFGP =1TFTG FG .¾QRQNF 1TFG XCP .GQRQNF? /QFGNN OKV HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT /GFCKNNQP 7OUEJTKHV ņ -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\ HÒT \KXKNG CW­GTQTFGPVNKEJG -TKGIUXGTFKGPUVG =UGTXKEGU FG IWGTTG ¾ENCVCPVU? 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV OKP 'OCKNNG #WUDTWEJ KP FGT TGEJVGP 5RKV\G FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FGU WPVGTGP -TGW\CTOGU CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF HÒT \KXKNGP -TKGIUXGTFKGPUV OKV \YGK IQNFG PGP 5VGTPGP HÒT FKG 0GPPWPI KO 6CIGUDGHGJN FGU .CPFGU =QTFTG FW LQWT FW RC[U? KO QTKIKPCNGP OKV IQNFHCTDGPGO /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI #NDGTVU DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC /UQP )XG 9QNHGTU KP $TÒUUGN $9- <- 44 ++ /KV FKGUGO DGUQPFGTGP *CNUDCPF KO 1TKIKPCN PWT UGJT UGNVGP \W HKPFGP /KV MÌPKINKEJGT 8GTQTFPWPI XQO ,WPK JCV -ÌPKI #NDGTV + DGUVKOOV FC­ DGK 8GTNGKJWPIGP FGU 1TFGPU CP <KXKNRGTUQPGP HÒT CW­GTQTFGPV NKEJG -TKGIUXGTFKGPUVG FCU $CPF \YGK IQNFHCTDGPG 5GKVGPUVTGKHGP CWHYGKUGP UQNNVG &GU 9GKVGTGP YWTFG DGUVKOOV FC­ DGK 0GPPWPI FGT 'ORH·PIGT KO 6CIGUDGHGJN FGU .CPFGU FCU $CPF OKV GKPGO IQNFGPGP 5VGTP XGTUGJGP YGTFGP UQNNVG 8IN $0 5

.GQRQNF 1TFGP =1TFTG FG .¾QRQNF 1TFG XCP .GQRQNF? /QFGNN OKV HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT /GFCKNNQP 7OUEJTKHV ņ 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV /GFCKNNQPU )QNF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF OKV 4QUGVVG ++ .GQRQNF 1TFGP =1TFTG FG .¾QRQNF 1TFG XCP .GQRQNF? /QFGNN OKV \YGKURTCEJKIGT /GFCKNNQP 7OUEJTKHV ņ UGKV -NGKPQF OKV 5EJYGTVGTP \WO )TQ­MQTFQP IGIGPY·TVKIG MNGKPGTG #WUHÒJTWPI Z OO $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP MQPHGMVKQPKGTVGP 5EJWNVGTDCPF $9- <- ++ #MVWGNNG #PHGTVKIWPI

176


KÖNIGREICH BELGIEN

590

592 (1:1)

589

591

.GQRQNF 1TFGP =1TFTG FG .¾QRQNF 1TFG XCP .GQRQNF? /QFGNN OKV \YGKURTCEJKIGT /GFCKNNQP 7OUEJTKHV ņ UGKV -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\ OKV #PMGTP $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO *CNU DCPF $9- <- ++ #MVWGNNG #PHGTVKIWPI -TQPGP 1TFGP =1TFTG FG NC %QWTQPPG -TQQPQTFG? $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­QHHK\KGT /QFGNN OKV HÒPHCTOKIGP 5VGTPMQTRWU ·NVGTG ITÌ­GTG #WUHÒJTWPI OKV KO /GFCKNNQP (GNF CWHIGNGIVGT -TQPG 5KNDGT VNY DTKNNCPVKGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV VNY GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC *GPTK 9CNTCXGPU %KG KP $TÒUUGN CP 0CFGN OKV \YGK UGKVNKEJGP (KZKGTWPIUJCMGP KO QTKIKPCNGP IQNF HCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK XQP 9CNTCXGPU OKV DGUEJ·FKIVGO 8GTUEJNW­ $9- <- ++ +P FKGUGT -NCUUG YKTF FGT $TWUVUVGTP CNNGKPG QJPG YGKVGTG +PUKIPKGP YKG *CNU QFGT $TWUVMTGW\ XGTNKGJGP WPF CWH FGT NKPMGP $TWUVUGKVG IGVTCIGP -ÌPKI .GQRQNF ++ 5QWXGT·P FGU WPCDJ·PIKIGP -QPIQUVCCVGU JCV FGP HÒPHMNCUUKIGP )TQ­MTGW\ )TQ­ QHHK\KGT -QOOCPFGWT 1HHK\KGT WPF 4KVVGT 1TFGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FKG -WPUV FKG .KVGTCVWT WPF FKG 9KUUGPUEJCH VGP OKV CHHKNKKGTVGP \YGKUVWHKIGP )QNF WPF 5KNDGT 2CNOGP WPF FTGKUVWHKIGT /GFCKNNG )QNF 5KNDGT WPF $TQP\G OKV &GMTGV XQO 1MVQDGT XGTÌHHGPVNKEJV KO $WNNGVKP 1HHKEKGN FG N 'VCV +PF¾RGPFCPV FW %QPIQ 0T DKU XQO 0QXGODGT IGUVKHVGV /KV )GUGV\ XQO 1MVQDGT XGTÌHHGPVNKEJV KO /QPKVGWT $GNIG XQO 1MVQ DGT YWTFG FGT 1TFGP KP FCU DGNIKUEJG #WU\GKEJPWPIUU[UVGO KPVGITKGTV +O <WUCOOGPJCPI OKV FGO 'TUVGP WPF FGO <YGKVGP 9GNVMTKGI YWTFGP \CJNTGKEJG 'TYGKVGTWPIGP YKG 5EJCHHWPI DGUQPFGTGT $·PFGT WPF $CPFCWHNCIGP XQTIGPQOOGP /KV MÌPKINKEJGT 8GTQTFPWPI -ÌPKI $CWFQWKPU XQO 1MVQDGT XGTÌHHGPVNKEJV KO /QPKVGWT $GNIG XQO 1MVQDGT YWTFG FKG +PUEJTKHV FGT /GFCKNNGP \YGKURTCEJKI HTCP\ÌUKUEJ WPF HN·OKUEJ FKG 1TFGPUFGMQTCVKQPGP UGNDUV YWTFGP UGKV KJTGT 5VKHVWPI PKEJV XGT·PFGTV -TQPGP 1TFGP =1TFTG FG NC %QWTQPPG -TQQPQTFG? $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­QHHK\KGT /QFGNN OKV HÒPHCTOKIGO 5VGTPMQTRWU LÒPIGTG MNGKPGTG #WUHÒJTWPI OKV KO /GFCKNNQP (GNF GKPIGNCUUGPGT -TQPG 5KNDGT VNY DTKNNCPVKGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV VNY GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN OKV \YGK UGKVNKEJGP (KZKGTWPIUJCMGP KO QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK $9- <- ++

1TFGP .GQRQNFU ++ =1TFTG FG .¾QRQNF ++ 1TFG XCP .GQRQNF ++? /QFGNN OKV HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT /G FCKNNQP 7OUEJTKHV ņ 4KVVGTMTGW\ HÒT DGUQPFGTG 8GTFKGPUVG Y·JTGPF FGU -TKGIGU =UGTXKEGU UR¾EKCWZ TGPFWU CW EQWTU FG NC IWGTTG? 5KNDGT VNY GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF HÒT DGUQPFGTG 8GTFKGPUVG Y·JTGPF FGU -TKGIGU KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK OKV FGO /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI .GQRQNFU ++ $9- <- 4 ++ 0KEJV J·WHKI OKV FKGUGO $TWUVDCPF /KV MÌPKINKEJGT 8GTQTFPWPI XQO ,WPK JCV -ÌPKI #NDGTV + DGUVKOOV FC­ DGK 8GTNGKJWPIGP FGU 1TFGPU CP <KXKNRGTUQPGP HÒT DGUQPFGTG 8GTFKGPUVG Y·JTGPF FGU -TKGIGU FCU $CPF GKPGP IQNFHCTDGPGP /KVVGNUVTGKHGP CWHYGKUGP UQNNVG

177


KÖNIGREICH BELGIEN

593 594

1TFGP .GQRQNFU ++ =1TFTG FG .¾QRQNF ++ 1TFG XCP .GQRQNF ++? /QFGNN OKV \YGKURTCEJKIGT /GFCKNNQP 7OUEJTKHV ņ UGKV $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­MQTFQP 5KNDGT VNY DTKNNCPVKGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF VNY GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC 2 &G)TGGH KP $TÒUUGN CP 0CFGN FKGUG OKV *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G 2 -QRH & XQP &G)TGGH WPF 5KNDGTRWP\G # OKV \YGK UGKVNKEJGP (KZKGT JCMGP <- ++ &GT \WP·EJUV PWT \YGKMNCUUKIG 1TFGP OKV CPIGUEJNQUUGPGT FTGKUVWHKIGT 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG KUV CO #WIWUV XQP -ÌPKI .GQRQNF ++ HÒT FGP LWTKUVKUEJ XQP $GNIKGP WPCDJ·PIKIGP HCMVKUEJ CDGT CNU 2TKXCV -QNQPKG FGU -ÌPKIU GZKUVKGTGPFGP -QPIQUVCCV IGUVKHVGV YQTFGP 'TUV YWTFG GT CWH HÒPH -NCUUGP GTYGKVGTV &KG )TQ­QHHK\KGTG VTWIGP GKPGP $TWUVUVGTP QJPG YGKVGTG +PUKIPKGP YKG *CNU QFGT $TWUVMTGW\ &CU GTUVG /QFGNN FGU 1TFGPU FCU DKU XGTNKGJGP YWTFG KUV KP CNNGP UGKPGP +PUKIPKGP CWHITWPF FGT UGJT MWT\GP 8GTNGKJWPIU\GKV CW­GTQTFGPVNKEJ UGNVGP 7O FGT <YGKURTCEJKIMGKV FGU .CPFGU 4GEJPWPI \W VTCIGP JCV -ÌPKI $CWFQWKP + UEJQP MWT\ PCEJ ªDGTPCJOG FGT 4GIKG TWPI CO ,WNK OKV &GMTGV XQP 1MVQDGT XGTHÒIV FC­ MÒPHVKI CWH CNNGP UVCCVNKEJGP 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP FKG +PUEJTKHVGP UQYQJN CWH (TCP\ÌUKUEJ YKG CWEJ CWH (N·OKUEJ CP\WDTKPIGP UGKGP 1TFGP .GQRQNFU ++ =1TFTG FG .¾QRQNF ++ 1TFG XCP .GQRQNF ++? /QFGNN OKV \YGKURTCEJKIGT /GFCKNNQP 7OUEJTKHV ņ UGKV -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\ XGTIQNFGV WPF VNY GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP GVYCU XGTHNGEMVGP *CNUDCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC 2 &G)TGGH KP $TÒUUGN OKV IG MTÌPVGO /QPQITCOO .GQRQNF ++ <- + ++

595 (1:1)

'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG FGT 5VCFV $TÒUUGN HÒT FKG 8GTVGKFKIGT KO 5GRVGODGT $TQP\G CO XGTH·TD VGP CNVGP $TWUVDCPF OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COO NWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DGHGUVKIV 444 ++ &CU JGTXQTTCIGPF GTJCNVGPG 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGT /KVVG FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU 0CEJ 4GEJGTEJGP FGU 'KPNKGHGTGTU UKPF KPUIGUCOV UKGDGP 'ZGORNCTG FKGUGT XQO -QOOCPFCPVGP FGT $TÒUUGNGT $ÒTIGTYGJT &QP ,WCP XCP *CNGP IGUVKHVGVGP /GFCKNNG DGMCPPV FCXQP LGFQEJ PWT \YGK IGJGPMGNVG

178


BELGISCH-KONGO

596

597 (1:1)

/GFCKNNG FGT 5VCFV .ÒVVKEJ HÒT FKG 8GTVGKFKIGT XQP .ÒVVKEJ $TQP\G CO $CPF OKV TQUC (QWT TCI½TG 4 ++ <W $GIKPP FGU 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIU TÒEMVGP FKG FGWVUEJGP 6TWRRGP FGO 2NCP FGU GJGOCNKIGP )GPGTCNUVCDUEJGHU #NHTGF )TCH XQP 5EJNKGHHGP HQNIGPF QJPG -TKGIUGTMN·TWPI ÒDGT FCU PGWVTCNG .WZGODWTI KP FCU GDGPUQ PGWVTCNG $GNIKGP GKP WO (TCPMTGKEJ XQP 0QTFGP JGT CPITGKHGP \W MÌPPGP &KG 1DGTUVG *GGTGUNGKVWPI UCJ GU CNU PQVYGPFKI CP KP FKGUGO <WUCOOGPJCPI FKG 5VCFV .ÒVVKEJ WPF FKG UKG WOIGDGPFGP (QTVU \W GTQDGTP 0WT YGPKIG 6CIG PCEJ -TKGIUDGIKPP UVCPF FCU : FGWVUEJG #TOGGMQTRU WPVGT )GPGTCN 1VVQ XQP 'OOKEJ CO #WIWUV XQT FGT 5VCFV 0CEJ CPH·PINKEJGP UEJYGTGP /KUUGTHQNIGP OKV UEJYGTUVGP 8GTNWUVGP CWH DGKFGP 5GKVGP PCJO XQP 'OOKEJ CO FKG 5VCFV WPVGT 7OIGJWPI FGT (QTVU FKTGMV GKP *KGTHÒT XGTNKGJ KJO -CKUGT 9KNJGNO ++ PQEJ CO INGKEJGP 6CI FGP GTUVGP 1TFGP RQWT NG O¾TKVG FGU 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIU 0CEJ FGO -TKGI UVKHVGVG FKG 5VCFV .ÒVVKEJ FKGUG /GFCKNNG HÒT FKG UKG XGTVGKFKIGPFGP DGNIKUEJGP 5VTGKVMT·HVG +PHQTOCVKQPGP VNY CWU YKMKRGFKC FG WPF YKMKRGFKC HT

-QPXQNWV XQP UGEJU DGNIKUEJGP 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP &CTWPVGT 4KVVGTMTGW\ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP FGU .GQRQNFQTFGPU \YGK 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\G FGU -TQPGPQTFGPU GKP 4KVVGTMTGW\ FGU 1TFGPU .GQRQNF ++ WPF GKP 5KNDGTPGU <KXKN 'JTGPMTGW\ +P XGTUEJKGFGPGP /GVCNNGP CWEJ 5KNDGT VGKNU XGTIQNFGV ITÌ­VGP VGKNU GOCKNNKGTV CP MQTTGMVGP $·PFGTP OKV \YGK 4QUGVVGPCWHNCIGP KP WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP 'TJCNVWPIGP ++ +++

598 (1:1)

599 (1:1)

$'.)+5%* -10)1

-ÌPKINKEJGT .ÌYGP 1TFGP =1TFTG 4Q[CN FW .KQP -QPKMNKLMG 1TFG XCP FG .GGWY? /QFGNN OKV HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT +PUEJTKHV ņ 5KNDGTPG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG 5KNDGT CO GVYCU \GTUEJNKUUGPGP QTKIK PCNGP $TWUVDCPF $9- <- ++

-QPXQNWV XQP FTGK 'JTGP\GKEJGP &KGPUV 5VGTP /QFGNN MNGKPGTG #WUHÒJTWPI 5KNDGT VNY XGT IQNFGV CO $CPF OKV \YGK UKNDGTPGP $CPFURCPIGP 'TKPPGTWPIU /GFCKNNG CP FGP #DGUUKPKGP (GNF\WI $TQP\G CO $CPF OKV $CPFURCPIG #$;55+0+' #HTKMCPKUEJG -TKGIUOGFCKNNG $TQP\G CO $CPF OKV $CPFURCPIG $+4/#0+' ++

179


BULGARIEN

600 (1:1)

<#4'067/

1TFGP *N *N #RQUVGN -[TKNN WPF /GVJQFKWU [Îðäåí Ñâ Ñâ Ðàâíîàïîñòîëè Êèðèë è Ìåòîäèé ] DKU /QFGNN 1TFGPUUGV DGUVGJGPF CWU -NGKPQF XKGNVGKNKIG #PHGTVK IWPI 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV HGKPUVG 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK FKG .KNKGPCWHNCIGP CWH FGP (NCOOGPDÒP FGNP CEJVHCEJ XGTUVKHVGV OKV FGO QTKIKPCNGP MQPHGMVKQPKGTVGP 5EJWNVGTDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT VNY ITCXKGTV WPF \KUGNKGTV 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK FKG #WHNCIGP KPUIGUCOV \GJPHCEJ XGTUVKHVGV CP 0CFGN DGKFG 5VÒ EMG QJPG LGINKEJG 2WP\KGTWPI $9- <- 44 + ++ ¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJG #PHGTVKIWPI CWHITWPF FGU (GJNGPU FGT 2WP\KGTWPI CWU FGO <GKVTCWO \YKUEJGP WPF &GT 1TFGP YWTFG IGUVKHVGV OKV MÌPKINKEJGO 4GUMTKRV XQP <CT (GTFKPCPF + CO /CK CNU GKPMNCUUKIGT JÌEJU VGT DWNICTKUEJGT 1TFGP FGT JÌEJUVGP 9ÒTFGPVT·IGTP XQTDGJCNVGP YCT &KG )TQ­G -QNNCPG FGU 1TFGPU DGUVGJGPF CWU -GVVGPINKGFGTP YCT UVCVWCTKUEJ FGO <CT XQTDGJCNVGP MQPPVG LGFQEJ CNU DGUQPFGTG #WU\GKEJPWPI CP HTGOFG EJTKUVNKEJG 5QWXGT·PG WPF KP #WUPCJOGH·NNGP CWEJ CP $WNICTGP XGTNKGJGP YGTFGP &GT <CT UGNDUV VTWI \W DGUQPFGTGP #PN·UUGP GKPG UQIGP )TQ­OGKUVGTMQNNCPG OKV ITQ­GP -GVVGPINKGFGTP &KG MNGKPG -QNNCPG YWTFG CP FKG MÌPKINK EJGP 2TKP\GP WPF CP HTGOFG EJTKUVNKEJG 5VCCVUQDGTJ·WRVGT XGTNKGJGP &GT 1TFGP YWTFG XQP UGKPGT 5VKHVWPI DKU CP PWT PGWP $WNICTGP WPF CP KPUIGUCOV #WUN·PFGT XGTNKGJGP CNU GTUVGO FGO TWUUKUEJGP <CTGP 0KMQNCWU ++ 0CEJ YWTFG GT PKEJV OGJT XGTNKGJGP WPF UEJNKG­NKEJ PCEJ #WUTWHWPI FGT 4GRWDNKM CDIGUEJCHHV

180

$7.)#4+'0


BULGARIEN

602 (1:1) 601

1TFGP (ÒT $ÒTIGTNKEJGU 8GTFKGPUV =Îðäåí ÇC Ãðàæäàíñêà Çàñëóãà ] #WEJ CNU <KXKN 8GT FKGPUVQTFGP QFGT 0CVKQPCNGT <KXKN 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP DG\GKEJPGV WPF /QFGNN MNGKPGTG +PUKI PKGP ņ -TGW\ +++ -NCUUG $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK OKV FGO IQNFHCTDGPGP /QPQITCOO <CT $QTKU +++ TGI UGKV $9- <- ++

1TFGP (ÒT $ÒTIGTNKEJGU 8GTFKGPUV =Îðäåí ÇC Ãðàæäàíñêà Çàñëóãà ] #WEJ CNU <KXKN 8GT FKGPUVQTFGP QFGT 0CVKQPCNGT <KXKN 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP DG\GKEJPGV WPF /QFGNN /KPKCVWT GKPGU -TGW\GU FGT -NCUUG 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO $·PFEJGP ++

603 (1:1)

1TFGP (ÒT $ÒTIGTNKEJGU 8GTFKGPUV [Îðäåí ÇC Ãðàæäàíñêà Çàñëóãà ] #WEJ CNU <KXKN 8GT FKGPUVQTFGP QFGT 0CVKQPCNGT <KXKN 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP DG\GKEJPGV /QFGNN $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­MTGW\ 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV WPF TGRGTEKGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV #WHNCIG 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKN NKGTV OKP 8GTUEJOWV\WPIGP CWH \YGK -TGW\CTOGP MGKPG -TCV\GT CP 0CFGN $9- <- 44 ++ QTFPGVG <CT $QTKU +++ GKPG 4GQTICPKUCVKQP FGU 1TFGPU CP FKG UQHQTV YKTMUCO CDGT GTUV OKV &CVWO XQO /CK UVCVWCTKUEJ HGUVIGJCNVGP YWTFG 9GUGPVNKEJ FCDGK YCT FKG 'KPHÒJTWPI FGU )TQ­MTGW\GU OKV GKPGO DTKNNCPVKGTVGP $TWUVUVGTP ÒDGT FGT -NCUUG PWPOGJT OKV GKPGO GKPHCEJGP CEJVUVTCJNKIGP $TWUVUVGTP

181


BULGARIEN

604

606 (1:1)

605 (1:1)

1TFGP (ÒT /KNKV·T 8GTFKGPUV =Îðäåí ÇC Âîåííà Çàñëóãà ] CWEJ CNU /KNKV·T 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP DG\GKEJPGV /QFGNN ITÌ­GTG +PUKIPKGP ņ $TWUVUVGTP \WT -NCUUG 9GK­OGVCNN XGTUKN DGTV #WHNCIG $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGO 4GXGTU *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC ,QJCPP 5EJYGTFVPGT KP 9KGP CP 0CFGN $9- <- ++

'JTGP\GKEJGP (ÒT FGP #PURQTP \WT /GPUEJNKEJMGKV =Ïî÷åòåí Çíàê Çà Íàñúð÷åíèå êúì ×åëîâåêîëþáèå ] CWEJ CNU 1TFGP HÒT 9QJNV·VKIMGKV DG\GKEJPGV QFGT H·NUEJNKEJGTYGKUG CNU 1T FGP XQO 4QVGP -TGW\ /QFGNN OKV /QPQITCOOGP <CT (GTFKPCPFU + \YKUEJGP FGP -TGW\CTOGP ņ &GMQTCVKQP +++ -NCUUG HÒT *GTTGP 5KNDGT VNY GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP &TGKGEMUDCPF $9- <- ++

2GTUÌPNKEJG )GUEJGPMDTQUEJG <CT (GTFKPCPF + OKV NCVGKPKUEJGO /QPQITCOO Z OO )QNF VNY GOCKNNKGTV QJPG 2WP\KGTWPI DTQUEJKGTV 44 + 'U FÒTHVG UKEJ JKGTDGK WO GKPG )GUEJGPMDTQUEJG JCPFGNP FKG <CT (GTFKPCPF + CWHITWPF UGKPGU /QPQ ITCOOGU KP NCVGKPKUEJGP $WEJUVCDGP Y·JTGPF UGKPGU 'ZKNU KP %QDWTI XQP DKU \W UGKPGO 6QF HÒT KJO RGTUÌP NKEJ IGNGKUVGVG &KGPUVG XGTIGDGP JCDGP FÒTHVG

607

81.-54'27$.+-

1TFGP 5GRVGODGT [Îðäåí Ñåïòåìâðè ] /QFGNN QJPG $WEJUVCDGP Â WPF Ë KO #XGTU /GFCKNNQP *CNU &GMQTCVKQP -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKN NKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK 2# <- 44 ++ &GT FTGKMNCUUKIG -NCUUG 1TFGP YWTFG XQP FGP 4GIGPVGP FGU -ÌPKITGKEJGU KO #WHVTCI FGT $WNICTKUEJGP 8QNMUHTQPV 4GIKGTWPI CWU #PNC­ FGU ,CJTGUVCIGU FGU 2WVUEJGU FGT 8CVGTN·PFKUEJGP (TQPV OKV )GUGV\GU &GMTGV XQO 5GRVGODGT XGTÌHHGPVNKEJV KP FGT 5VCCVU )C\GVVG XQO 5GRVGODGT IGUVKHVGV )GUVCNVGV XQP FGO -ÒPUVNGT $QTKU #PIGNWUEJGHH \GKIV GT CWH FGO #XGTU FCU 2QTVTCKV FGU DWNICTKUEJGP 4GXQNWVKQP·TU WPF #RQUVGNU FGT (TGKJGKV 9CUUKN .GYUMK 'T YWTFG HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FKG 'TTKEJVWPI WPF -QPUQNKFKGTWPI FGT 8QNMUJGTTUEJCHV WPF FKG (GUVKIWPI FGT UQ\KCNKUVKUEJGP *GTTUEJCHV XGTNKGJGP CP /KNKV·TCPIGJÌTKIG OKV CP <KXKNKUVGP QJPG 5EJYGTVGT $GKO /QFGNN YKTF FCU 2QTVTCKV XQP UGKPGP +PKVKCNGP Â WPF Ë HNCPMKGTV FKG -NCUUG YKTF CO *CNUDCPF IGVTC IGP FKG WPF -NCUUG OKV 5EJTCWDG WPF 5EJTCWDUEJGKDG CWH FGT NKPMGP $TWUV $GKO /QFGNN GPVHCNNGP PWT FKG DGKFGP $WEJUVCDGP Â WPF Ë KO /GFCKNNQP FKG 6TCIGYGKUG DNGKDV FKGUGNDG 'TUV DGKO FTKVVGP /QFGNN YWTFG FKG 6TCIGYGKUG IG·PFGTV CNNG FTGK -NCUUGP YWTFGP HQTVCP CP 2GPVCIQPCN $CPFURCPIGP OKV WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP $·PFGTP IGVTCIGP YWTFG FGT 1TFGP CDIGUEJCHHV

182


KÖNIGREICH DÄNEMARK

608 (1:1,5)

(1:1)

-¤0+)4'+%* & 0'/#4-

'NGRJCPVGPQTFGP ='NGHCPVQTFGPGP? 1TFGPUMGVVG =1TFGPUMºFGP? MÒT\GTG #WUHÒJTWPI OKV KPUIGUCOV -GVVGPINKGFGTP ·NVGTG #PHGTVKIWPI DGUVGJGPF CWU 6WTO WPF 'NGHCPVGP )NKGFGTP LGYGKNU KP $TQP\G

UKE JQJN IGHGTVKIV OKV .WHVFTWEM #WUINGKEJUNÌEJGTP NGV\VGTG VNY OKV JGNNDNCWGT -CNVGOCKNNG XGTGKP \GNV OKP #DRNCV\WPIGP CWH FGT 2NCVVHQTO FGT 6ÒTOG XGTGKP\GNV OKP -QTTQUKQPUURWTGP GKP -GVVGPINKGF GKPGU 6WTOGU IGDTQEJGP KO QTKIKPCNGP DGTKGDGPGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC /KEJGNUGP KP &·PGOCTM OKV DGUEJ·FKIVGO 8GTUEJNW­ $9- <- 444 ++ 'U JCPFGNV UKEJ JKGTDGK WO GKP CDUQNWV \YGKHGNUHTGKGU 1TKIKPCNGZGORNCT XQP CNNGTITÌ­VGT 5GNVGPJGKV &KG 'NGHCPVGP YKG CWEJ FKG 6ÒTOG UKPF JQJN IGHGTVKIV WPF XGTHÒIGP LGYGKNU ÒDGT GKP .WHVFTWEM #WUINGKEJUNQEJ 'PVIGIGP FGT #PICDG DGK <GKIG KP <- 5 FGT CNU /CVGTKCN )QNF CPIKDV DGUVGJV FKG -GVVG CWU $TQP\G YCU CWEJ XQP 5VGXPU DQTI KP 568 5 DGUV·VKIV YKTF +P GKPGO F·PKUEJGP #WMVKQPUJCWU YWTFG KP GKPGT 8GTUVGKIGTWPI CO ,WNK GDGPHCNNU GKPG -GVVG FGU 'NGRJCP VGP 1TFGPU CPIGDQVGP 'U JCPFGNVG UKEJ FCDGK CPICDGIGO·­ WO FCU 'ZGORNCT FGT 'TD 2TKP\GUUKP %CTQNKPG /CVJKNFG XQP &·PGOCTM 6QEJVGT XQP 2TKP\ *CTCNF XQP &·PGOCTM WPF FGUUGP (TCW *GNGPC IGD 2TKP\GUUKP XQP 5EJNGUYKI *QNUVGKP 5QPFGTDWTI )NÒEMUDWTI ņ %CTQNKPG /CVJKNFG YCT UQOKV GKPG 'PMGNKP -ÌPKI (TGFGTKMU 8+++ XQP &·PGOCTM -ÌPKI UGKV WPF %QWUKPG -ÌPKI (TGFGTKMU +: XQP &·PGOCTM

-ÌPKI UGKV #O 5GRVGODGT YCT UKG NCWV 2GFGTUGP KP 2&5 5 XQP KJTGO %QWUKP KP FGP 1TFGP CWHIGPQOOGP YQTFGP -NCWU * (GFGT UGK CP FKGUGO 1TV HÒT FKGUG YKEJVKIGP *KPYGKUG JGT\NKEJUV IG FCPMV $GK FGO FQTV CPIGDQVGPGP 'ZGORNCT JCPFGNVG GU UKEJ CNUQ WO GKPG -GVVG FKG YQJN QFGT MWT\ FCXQT XQP /K EJGNUGP KP -QRGPJCIGP CPIGHGTVKIV YWTFG 5KG YGKUV KO 2TKP\KR FKG INGKEJGP %JCTCMVGTKUVKMC YKG WPUGT JKGT CPIGDQ VGPGU 'ZGORNCT CWH \ $ *QJN #PHGTVKIWPI FGT -GVVGPINKGFGT CDGT GU DGUVGJGP CWEJ IGYKUUG 7PVGTUEJKGFG &KGUG NKGIGP W C FCTKP FC­ FKG FQTV CPIGDQVGPG -GVVG CWIGPH·NNKI CWU XGTIQNFGVGO 5KNDGT IGHGTVKIV YCT WPF FKG &GEMGP FGT 'NGHCPVGP GOCKNNKGTV WPF PKEJV KP -CNVGOCKNNG CWUIGHÒJTV YCTGP WPF CWEJ KP FGT WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP #WHJ·PIG 8QTTKEJVWPI FKG FQTV CWU GKPGO -CTCDKPGTJCMGP WPF JKGT CWU GKPGO GKPHCEJGP *CMGP DGUVGJV 'KPG OKV WPUGTGT #WUHÒJTWPI KFGPVKUEJG -GVVG KUV CWEJ DGK 5VGXPUDQTI KP 568 5 #DD \W UGJGP 5QOKV JCPFGNV GU UKEJ DGK FGO JKGT CPIGDQVGPGP 'ZGORNCT GKPFGWVKI WO GKPG ·NVGTG #PHGTVKIWPI CNU FKG KP &·PGOCTM CPIGDQVGPG #WUHÒJTWPI YQDGK LGFQEJ GKPG P·JGTG &CVKGTWPI QJPG VKGHITGKHGPFG 7PVGTUWEJWPIGP PKEJV OÌINKEJ KUV ,GPG YWTFG ÒDTKIGPU OKV -TQPGP EC RNWU #WHIGNF \WIGUEJNCIGP

183


KÖNIGREICH DÄNEMARK &KGUG -GVVG KUV KPUDGUQPFGTG PKEJV OKV FGP KP FGP GT WPF GT ,CJTGP YKGFGTJQNV CPIGDQVGPGP KP (·NUEJWPIU CDUKEJV JGTIGUVGNNVGP OCUUKXGP #WUHÒJTWPIGP CWU XGTIQNFGVGO 5KNDGT XGTINGKEJDCT 5GJT UGNVGPG )GNGIGPJGKV \WO 'TYGTD GKPGT FGT DGFGWVGPFUVGP 1TFGPUMGVVGP FGT 9GNV FKG PKEJV PWT FKG -TÌPWPI GKPGT &·PGOCTM QFGT 5MCPFKPCXKGP 5COONWPI FCTUVGNNV UQPFGTP GKPGT LGFGP DGFGWVGPFGP 5COONWPI \WT <KGTFG IGTGKEJV 'PVIGIGP CPFGTPQTVU IGOCEJVGT WPF QHV YKGFGTJQNVGT #WUUCIGP KUV FKG -GVVG UGNDUV PKEJV OKV FGT UVTGPIGP 4ÒEMICDGRHNKEJV DGNGIV FKG \ $ HÒT FCU -NGKPQF DGUVGJV YKG FKG GTUV XQT MWT\GO KP &·PGOCTM FWTEJIGHÒJTVG 8GTUVGKIGTWPI XGTFGWVNKEJV &GT 1TFGP UGNDUV UEJGKPV UGKPGP 7TURTWPI KP GKPGT XQP -ÌPKI %JTKUVKCP + -ÌPKI UGKV EC KP 4QUMKNFG IGUVKHVGVGP /WVVGT )QVVGU )GUGNNUEJCHV \W JCDGP FKG OKV 'KPHÒJTWPI FGT 4GHQTOCVKQP KP &·PGOCTM XGTUEJYCPF 'T QTKGPVKGTVG UKEJ CO 8QTDKNF FGT $TCPFGPDWTIKUEJGP )GUGNNUEJCHV 7PUGTGT .KGDGP (TCW CWEJ 5EJYCPGPQTFGP IGPCPPV IGUVKHVGV XQP -WTHÒTUV (TKGFTKEJ ++ -WTHÒTUV XQP DKU &KGUG +PHQTOCVKQPGP UKPF GPVPQOOGP CWU -NCWU * (GFGT KP &GP $TCPFGPDWTIUMG 0T -QRGPJCIGP 5 7PF (51 5 H 'TUV EC UVKHVGVG KJP -ÌPKI (TGFGTKM ++ -ÌPKI UGKV CNU 1TFGP XQO 'NGRJCPVGP PGW ICD KJO -ÌPKI %JTKUVKCP 8 -ÌPKI UGKV FWTEJ PGWG 5VCVWVGP UGKPG JGWVKIG )GUVCNV /KV MÌPKINK EJGO 4GUMTKRV XQO #RTKN ÌHHPGVG KJP (TGFGTKM +: -ÌPKI UGKV CWEJ HÒT (TCWGP 'T IKNV JGWVG PGDGP FGO 1TFGP XQO )QNFGPGP 8NKGU WPF FGO *QUGPDCPFQTFGP CNU GKPGT FGT CPIGUGJGPUVGP ÒDGTJCWRV

609

&CPPGDTQI 1TFGP =&CPPGDTQIQTFGPGP? /QFGNN UGKV 1TFGPUMGVVG =1TFGPUMºFGP? MÒT\GTG #WUHÒJTWPI OKV KPUIGUCOV -GVVGPINKGFGTP DGUVGJGPF CWU -TGW\ /QPQITCOO 9 WPF /QPQITCOO % )NKGFGTP $WPVOGVCNN UKE XGTIQNFGV FKG -TGW\INKGFGT OKV DGKFUGKVKIGT YGK­GT 'OCKNNG D\Y YGK­GT WPF TQVGT -CNVGOCKNNG OKV \CJNTGKEJGP *CCTTKUUGP WPF CNVGP 'OCKNNGTGRCTCVWTGP FKG /QPQITCOOINKGFGT KP WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGT )GUVCNVWPI VGKNU OKV INCVVGP WPF VGKNU OKV MÌTPKIGP 1DGTHN· EJGP \WUCOOGP OKV QTKIKPCNGO $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­MTGW\ IGUVKEMVG #WUHÒJTWPI QHHK\KGNN XGTNKGJGP XQP DKU 5KNDGT WPF )QNFNCCP 5VKEMGTGK XGTIQNFGVGU 5KNDGT 5KNDGT 2CKNNGVVGP CNNG 5EJNCWHGP DKU CWH GKPG XQTJCPFGP CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG YGK­GU #DFGEMNGFGT KO QTKIKPCNGP DTCWPNGFGTPGP WPF IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP GVYCU DGTKGDGPGP WPF XGTHNGEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK $7 5 HH $9- 6# 82' 5 <- 44 ++ #DUQNWV \YGKHGNUHTGKGU 1TKIKPCNGZGORNCT XQP ITQ­GT 5GNVGPJGKV DGUQPFGTU KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK &KG -GVVG YWTFG QHHGPUKEJVNKEJ XQT KJTGT 8GTNGKJWPI CWU \YGK WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP -GVVGPVGKNGP \WUCOOGPIGHÒIV YQDGK GU UKEJ DGK FGO 6GKN OKV FGP IGMÌTPVGP /QPQITCOO )NKGFGTP \WUCOOGP 5VÒEM WO GKPG ·NVGTG #PHGTVKIWPI WPF DGKO MÒT\GTGP 6GKN OKV FGP INCVVGP /QPQITCOO )NKGFGTP \WUCOOGP XKGT 5VÒEM WO GKPG LÒPIGTG CDGT CWEJ CWU FGO ,CJTJWPFGTV UVCOOGPFG 'TI·P\WPI JCPFGNP FÒTHVG )GTCFG FKGUG WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJG )GUVCNVWPI FGT -GVVGPINKGFGT DGNGIGP WPF XGTFGWVNKEJGP FKG #WVJGPVK\KV·V WPF 1TKIKPCNKV·V FKGUGU UGNVGPGP 'ZGORNCTU &CU /CVGTKCN FGT -GVVG ņ $TQP\G ņ YKTF CWEJ FWTEJ 5VGXPUDQTI KP 568 5 H DGUV·VKIV *QEJUGNVGPG )GNGIGPJGKV \WO 'TYGTD GKPGT 1TFGPUMGVVG FKG \WT 8QNNUV·PFKIMGKV PWT GKPGU )QNFGPGP -NGKPQFU OKV FGO /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI %JTKUVKCPU +: QFGT (TGFGTKM 8+++ DGFCTH OKV FGO FC\WIGJÌTKIGP $TWUVUVGTP KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK &GT &CPPGDTQI 1TFGP YWTFG CO 1MVQDGT XQP -ÌPKI %JTKUVKCP 8 XQP &·PGOCTM WPF 0QTYGIGP -ÌPKI UGKV KP 'TPGWGTWPI GKPGU UEJQP XQP -ÌPKI 9CNFGOCT ++ XQP &·PGOCTM -ÌPKI UGKV IGUVKHVGVGP 4KVVGTQTFGPU GTPGWGTV <WP·EJUV PWT CWU GKPGT -NCUUG DGUVGJGPF GTYGKVGTVG KJP -ÌPKI (TGFGTKM 8+ XQP &·PGOCTM WPF 0QTYGIGP -ÌPKI UGKV CO ,WPK \W GKPGO CWU XKGT -NCUUGP )TQ­ MQOOCPFGWT ņ CD FKG QDGTUVG -NCUUG )TQ­MTGW\ 4KVVGT -QOOCPFGWT WPF 4KVVGT DGUVGJGPFGP CNNIGOGKPGP 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP CNU ·W­GTGU <GKEJGP CPGTMCPPVGT $ÒTIGTRHNKEJV HÒT CNNG 7PVGTVCPGP QJPG 4ÒEMUKEJV CWH 5VCPF QFGT #FGN 1JO *KGTQP[OWUUGP KP '1 5 YWTFG FKG -QOOCPFGWTUMNCUUG WPF FKG 4KVVGTMNCUUG KP LGYGKNU \YGK )TCFG WPVGTVGKNV &GO 1TFGP KUV UGKV FCU 'JTGP\GKEJGP FGT &CPPGDTQI /·PPGT 5KNDGTPGU -TGW\ CPIGUEJNQUUGP WPF PCEJ 4GIKGTWPIUCPVTKVV FGU LGYGKNKIGP 5QWXGT·PU YWTFG FKG )GUVCNVWPI FGT 1TFGPUMTGW\G FWTEJ #PDTKPIWPI FGU LGYGKNKIGP MÌPKINKEJGP /QPQITCOOU XGT·PFGTV

184


KÖNIGREICH DÄNEMARK

609 (1:3)

185


Kร NIGREICH Dร NEMARK

610 (1:1)

611 (1:1)

&CPPGDTQI 1TFGP =&CPPGDTQIQTFGPGP? /QFGNN UGKV #WUICDG OKV /QPQITCOO -ร PKI (TGFGTKM 8++ ล 4KVVGTMTGW\ )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I OKV PGWGO $CPFCDUEJPKVV $9- <- 4 + ++ &CPPGDTQI 1TFGP =&CPPGDTQIQTFGPGP? /QFGNN UGKV #WUICDG OKV /QPQITCOO -ร PKI (TGFGTKMU 8++ ล 4KVVGTMTGW\ =4KFFGTMQTUGV? OKV QTKIKPCNGT CNVGT #WHJยทPIWPI )QNF GOCKN NKGTV I OKV CNVGO $CPFUVร EM KO URยทVGTGP IQNFHCTDGP OKV 5VGTP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC # /KEJGNUGP KP -QRGPJCIGP $7 5 HH $9- 82' 5 <- 44 + ++ 1TFGPUKPUKIPKGP CWU FGT 4GIKGTWPIU\GKV -ร PKI (TGFGTKMU 8++ -ร PKI UGKV KP FGTCTV JGTXQTTCIGPFGT 'TJCNVWPI UKPF XQP YKTMNKEJGT 5GNVGPJGKV

612 (1:1) 613 (1:1)

186

614 (1:1)

&CPPGDTQI 1TFGP =&CPPGDTQIQTFGPGP? /QFGNN UGKV #WUICDG OKV /QPQITCOO -ร PKI (TGFGTKMU 8++ ล 'JTGP\GKEJGP FGT &CPPGDTQI /ยทPPGT =0CPPGDTQIUOยบPFGPGU *ยบFGTUV GIP? UQIGP 5KNDGTMTGW\ =5ร NXMQTU? 5KNDGT QJPG $CPF $7 5 HH $9- 82' 5 <- 4 ++

&CPPGDTQI 1TFGP =&CPPGDTQIQTFGPGP? /QFGNN UGKV #WUICDG OKV /QPQITCOO -ร PKI %JTKUVKCPU +: ล 4KVVGTMTGW\ =4KFFGTMQTUGV? )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I KO $CPFTKPI *GTUVGN NGTRWP\G #/ (KTOC # /KEJGNUGP KP -QRGPJCIGP OKV NCPIGO ยทNVGTGP $CPFUVร EM KO URยทVGTGP IQNF HCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP OKV 5VGTP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC # /KEJGNUGP $7 5 HH $9- 82' 5 <- + ++

&CPPGDTQI 1TFGP =&CPPGDTQIQTFGPGP? /QFGNN UGKV #WUICDG OKV /QPQITCOO -ร PKI %JTKUVKCPU +: ล 'JTGP\GKEJGP FGT &CPPGDTQI /ยทPPGT =&CPPGDTQIUOยบPFGPGU *ยบFGTUVGIP? UQIGP 5KNDGTMTGW\ =5ร NXMQTU? #WUHร JTWPI OKV DTGKVGTGT -TQPG 5KNDGT CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP $TWUV DCPF $7 5 HH $9- 82' 5 <- ++


Kร NIGREICH Dร NEMARK

615

616

617

618

&CPPGDTQI 1TFGP =&CPPGDTQIQTFGPGP? /QFGNN UGKV #WUICDG OKV /QPQITCOO -ร PKI %JTKUVKCPU +: ล 'JTGP\GKEJGP FGT &CPPGDTQI /ยทPPGT =&CPPGDTQIUOยบPFGPGU *ยบFGTUVGIP? UQIGP 5KNDGTMTGW\ =5ร NXMQTU? #WUHร JTWPI OKV UEJOยทNGTGT -TQPG 5KNDGT CO PGWGP FยทPKUEJGP -TGW\ DCPF $7 5 HH $9- 82' 5 <- ++

&CPPGDTQI 1TFGP =&CPPGDTQIQTFGPGP? /QFGNN UGKV #WUICDG OKV /QPQITCOO -ร PKI (TGFGTKMU 8+++ ล 4KVVGTMTGW\ =4KFFGTMQTUGV? )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I KO $CPFTKPI *GT UVGNNGTRWP\G %(* WPF -QRGPJCIGPGT ,CJTGURWP\G A Hร T GKP ,CJT \YKUEJGP WPF OKV PGWGO $CPFUVร EM KO URยทVGTGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP OKV 5VGTP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC # /KEJGN UGP KP -QRGPJCIGP $7 5 HH $9- 82' 5 <- + ++

&CPPGDTQI 1TFGP =&CPPGDTQIQTFGPGP? /QFGNN UGKV #WUICDG OKV /QPQITCOO -ร PKI (TGFGTKMU 8+++ ล 4KVVGTMTGW\ =4KFFGTMQTUGV? )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I KO $CPFTKPI *GT UVGNNGTRWP\G %(* WPF -QRGPJCIGPGT ,CJTGURWP\G Hร T CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP FยทPKUEJGP -TGW\DCPF $7 5 HH $9- 82' 5 <- 4 ++

&CPPGDTQI 1TFGP =&CPPGDTQIQTFGPGP? /QFGNN UGKV #WUICDG OKV /QPQITCOO -ร PKI (TGFGTKMU 8+++ ล 'JTGP\GKEJGP FGT &CPPGDTQI /ยทPPGT =&CPPGDTQIUOยบPFGPGU *ยบFGTUV GIP? UQIGP 5KNDGTMTGW\ =5ร NXMQTU? #WUHร JTWPI OKV UEJOยทNGTGT -TQPG 5KNDGT CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP FยทPKUEJGP -TGW\DCPF OKV 6TCIGMPQRH $7 5 HH $9- 82' 5 <- ++

619 (1:1)

&CPPGDTQI 1TFGP =&CPPGDTQIQTFGPGP? /QFGNN UGKV #WUICDG OKV /QPQITCOO -ร PKI %JTKUVKCPU : ล )TQยญMTGW\ 5GV =5VQTMQTU? DGUVGJGPF DGUVGJGPF CWU -NGKPQF 5KNDGT XGTIQN FGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV QJPG 5EJWNVGTDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP UQIGP 6[R OKV INCVVGP 5VTCJNGP ล UGKV 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ร EMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G #/ FGT (KTOC # /KEJGNUGP KP -QRGPJCIGP CP &QRRGNPCFGN $7 5 HH $9- 6# 82' 5 <- ++ 187


Kร NIGREICH Dร NEMARK

620

621

623

622

&CPPGDTQI 1TFGP =&CPPGDTQIQTFGPGP? /QFGNN UGKV #WUICDG OKV /QPQITCOO -ร PKI %JTKUVKCPU : ล 4KVVGTMTGW\ =4KFFGTMQTUGV? )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I KO $CPFTKPI *GTUVGN NGTRWP\G %(* WPF -QRGPJCIGPGT ,CJTGURWP\G Hร T FCU ,CJT OKV QTKIKPCNGO CNVGO $TWUVDCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC # /KEJGNUGP KP -QRGPJC IGP $7 5 HH $9- 82' 5 <- + ++

&CPPGDTQI 1TFGP =&CPPGDTQIQTFGPGP? /QFGNN UGKV #WUICDG OKV /QPQITCOO -ร PKI %JTKUVKCPU : ล 4KVVGTMTGW\ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP FยทPKUEJGP -TGW\DCPF &C\W &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPIU -TGW\ Hร T &KGPUVLCJTG XGTIQNFGV $9- <- ++

&CPPGDTQI 1TFGP =&CPPGDTQIQTFGPGP? /QFGNN UGKV #WUICDG OKV /QPQITCOO -ร PKI %JTKUVKCPU : ล 4KVVGTMTGW\ =4KFFGTMQTUGV? )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I CO PGWGP FยทPKUEJGP -TGW\DCPF KO IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP OKV 5VGTP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC # /KEJGNUGP KP -QRGPJC IGP $7 5 HH $9- 82' 5 <- + ++

&CPPGDTQI 1TFGP =&CPPGDTQIQTFGPGP? /QFGNN UGKV #WUICDG OKV /QPQITCOO -ร PKI %JTKUVKCPU : ล 'JTGP\GKEJGP FGT &CPPGDTQI /ยทPPGT =&CPPGDTQIUOยบPFGPGU *ยบFGTUVGIP? UQIGP 5KNDGTMTGW\ =5ร NXMQTU? #WUHร JTWPI OKV DTGKVGTGT -TQPG 5KNDGT CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP FยทPKUEJGP -TGW\DCPF $7 5 HH $9- 82' 5 <- ++

624

625

625

&CPPGDTQI 1TFGP =&CPPGDTQIQTFGPGP? /QFGNN UGKV #WUICDG OKV /QPQITCOO -ร PKI %JTKUVKCPU : ล 'JTGP\GKEJGP FGT &CPPGDTQI /ยทPPGT =&CPPGDTQIUOยบPFGPGU *ยบFGTUVGIP? UQIGP 5KNDGTMTGW\ =5ร NXMQTU? #WUHร JTWPI OKV UEJOยทNGTGT -TQPG 5KNDGT CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP FยทPK UEJGP -TGW\DCPF $7 5 HH $9- 82' 5 <- ++ &CPPGDTQI 1TFGP =&CPPGDTQIQTFGPGP? /QFGNN UGKV #WUICDG OKV /QPQITCOO -ร PKI (TGFGTKMU +: ล -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\ =-QOOCPFร TMQTUGV? )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I CWH FGO $CPFTKPI -QRGPJCIGPGT ,CJTGURWP\G Hร T Hร T FGP $CPFTKPI CO MQPHGMVKQPKGTVGP *CNUDCPF KO URยทVGTGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC # /KEJGNUGP KP -QRGPJCIGP $7 5 HH 82' 5 <- 4 + 'ZGORNCTG FGT 4GIKGTWPIU\GKV -ร PKI (TGFGTKM +: -ร PKI UGKV KP )QNF UKPF PKEJV JยทWHKI \W HKPFGP

188


KÖNIGREICH DÄNEMARK

626

627

629

628

&CPPGDTQI 1TFGP =&CPPGDTQIQTFGPGP? /QFGNN UGKV #WUICDG OKV /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI (TGFGTKMU +: ņ 4KVVGTMTGW\ + )TCF =4KFFGTMQTUGV CH + ITCF? CD )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I OKV $CPF CO $TWUVDCPF OKV CWHIGNGIVGT 4QUGVVG KO PGWGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP OKV 5VGTP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC # /KEJGNUGP KP -QRGPJCIGP $7 5 HH 82' 5 <- + ++

&CPPGDTQI 1TFGP =&CPPGDTQIQTFGPGP? /QFGNN UGKV #WUICDG OKV /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI (TGFGTKM +: ņ 4KVVGTMTGW\ + -NCUUG 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO NCPIGP $CPF OKV CWHIGNGIVGT 4QUGVVG KO QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC # /KEJGNUGP KP -QRGPJCIGP <- ++

&CPPGDTQI 1TFGP =&CPPGDTQIQTFGPGP? /QFGNN UGKV #WUICDG OKV /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI (TGFGTKMU +: ņ 4KVVGTMTGW\ =4KFFGTMQTUGV? CD 5KNDGT GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP F·PK UEJGP -TGW\DCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP OKV 5VGTP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC # /K EJGNUGP KP -QRGPJCIGP $7 5 HH 82' 5 <- 4 ++

&CPPGDTQI 1TFGP =&CPPGDTQIQTFGPGP? /QFGNN UGKV #WUICDG OKV /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI (TGFGTKMU +: ņ 'JTGP\GKEJGP FGT &CPPGDTQI /·PPGT =&CPPGDTQIUOºPFGPGU *ºFGTUVGIP? UQIGP 5KNDGTMTGW\ =5ÎNXMQTU? #WUHÒJTWPI OKV UEJO·NGTGT -TQPG 5KNDGT CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP F·PK UEJGP -TGW\DCPF $7 5 HH 82' 5 <- ++

630

631

632

&CPPGDTQI 1TFGP =&CPPGDTQIQTFGPGP? /QFGNN UGKV #WUICDG OKV /QPQITCOO -ÌPKIKP /CTICTGVJG ++ ņ UGKV -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV 'OCKNNGTGRCTCVWT CO 4CPF FGU XQTFGTUGKVKIGP QDGTGP -TGW\CTOU QJPG *CNUDCPF <- ++

&CPPGDTQI 1TFGP =&CPPGDTQIQTFGPGP? /QFGNN UGKV #WUICDG OKV /QPQITCOO -ÌPKIKP /CTICTGVJG ++ ņ UGKV 4KVVGTMTGW\ + -NCUUG 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP F·PK UEJGP -TGW\DCPF OKV CWHIGNGIVGT 4QUGVVG KO QTKIKPCNGP GVYCU XGTUEJOWV\VGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC # /KEJGNUGP KP -QRGPJCIGP <- ++

&CPPGDTQI 1TFGP =&CPPGDTQIQTFGPGP? /QFGNN UGKV #WUICDG OKV /QPQITCOO -ÌPKIKP /CTICTGVJGU ++ ņ UGKV 4KVVGTMTGW\ =4KFFGTMQTUGV? CD 5KNDGT GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP F·PKUEJGP -TGW\DCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC # /KEJGNUGP KP -QRGPJCIGP $7 5 HH 82' 5 <- 4 ++ &KG 1TFGPUKPUKIPKGP OKV FGO /QPQITCOO -ÌPKIKP /CTICTGVJGU ++ UKPF PKEJV J·WHKI \W HKPFGP

189


KÖNIGREICH DÄNEMARK

635 633 (1:1)

634

&CPPGDTQI 1TFGP =&CPPGDTQIQTFGPGP? /QFGNN UGKV \YGK /KPKCVWTMTGW\G OKV /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI %JTKUVKCPU : GKPGU 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV GKPGU )QNF LGYGKNU GOCKNNKGTV WPF CO $·PF EJGP ++ 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG FGU .CPFYKTVUEJCHVNKEJGP )GPGTCNMQNNGIKWOU =)GPGTCNNCPFXºUGU MQNNGIKGVU $GNÎPPKPIUOGFCNLGT? /QFGNN &WTEJOGUUGT OO 5KNDGT OKV 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT 5KIPCVWT & + #&<'4 ( OKP 4CPFFGNNGP IGNQEJV OKV $CPFTKPI WPF CNVGO $CPFUVÒEM OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DGHGUVKIV 44 ++ &CU 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP EC WPF

-ÌPKINKEJG $GNQJPWPIU /GFCKNNG =-QPIGNKIG $GNĚPPKPIUOGFCKNNG? $GNQJPWPIU /GFCKNNG -ÌPKI (TG FGTKM +: #WUICDG 5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG OKV -TQPG 5KNDGT OKV 5VGORGN UEJPGKFGT 5KIPCVWT * 5#.1/10 CO QTKIKPCNGP F·PKUEJGP -TGW\DCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIU GVWK FGT (KTOC # /KEJGNUGP KP -QRGPJCIGP 568 ++ .CWV 5VGXPUDQTI KP 568 5 UKPF XQP FKGUGT /GFCKNNG 'ZGORNCTG IGRT·IV YQTFGP

636

637 638

639

-ÌPKINKEJG $GNQJPWPIU /GFCKNNG =-QPIGNKIG $GNĚPPKPIUOGFCKNNG? $GNQJPWPIU /GFCKNNG -ÌPKI /CT ICTGVJGU ++ UGKV 5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG 5KNDGT CO QTKIKPCNGP F·PKUEJGP -TGW\DCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK 568 ++ .CWV 5VGXPUDQTI KP 568 5 UKPF XQP FKGUGT /GFCKNNG 'ZGORNCTG IGRT·IV YQTFGP YQXQP \YKUEJGP WPF 'ZGORNCTG XGTNKGJGP YQTFGP UKPF

&KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPIU /GFCKNNG FGT /CTKPG =*ºFGTUVGIPGV HQT 6LGPGUVG XGF 5ÎGVCVGP? #WUICDG

&CVWO OKV &QRRGNRWPMV JKPVGT FGO /QPCV ņ UGKV 5KNDGT CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT <GKEJGP ( - CO QTKIKPCNGP F·PKUEJGP -TGW\DCPF $9- 568 ++ &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI HÒT 7PVGTQHHK\KGTG =*ºFGUVGIP HQT 7PVGTQHHKEGTGT? /QFGNN UGKV #WUICDG OKV /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI (TGFGTKMU 8++ ņ -TGW\ HÒT &KGPUVLCJTG $TQP\G XGTIQN FGV CO CNVGP 1TKIKPCNDCPF $9- ++ &CU 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP EC WPF

190

-QPXQNWV XQP XKGT /GFCKNNGP -TKGIU 'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG GKP YGKVGTGU 'ZGORNCT 8CTKCPVG FÒPPGTG #PHGTVKIWPI -TKGIU 'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG LGYGKNU $TQP\G WPF CP 1TKIKPCN D·PFGTP 2TQ &CPKC /GFCKNNG 5KNDGT CO $CPF \WUCOOGP OKV /KPKCVWT 5KNDGT CO $·PFEJGP KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK &C\W #D\GKEJGP \WO )GDWTVUVCI -ÌPKI %JTKUVCPU : 5KNDGT GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG ITCXKGTV .KNNK *GTUVGNNGT WPF GT 5KNDGTRWP\G CP 6TCIG URCPIG ++


REPUBLIK FINNLAND

641 (1:1)

641 (1:1)

640 (1:1)

4'27$.+- (+00.#0& 4GEJVNKEJGT *KPYGKU \W 1DLGMVGP FGT 4GRWDNKM (KPPNCPF <WT 5VCCVU 5[ODQNKM FGT 4GRWDNKM (KPPNCPF IGJÌTV PGDGP FGO .ÌYGP KO HKPPKUEJGP 5VCCVUYCRRGP CWEJ GKP CNU ō(TGKJGKVUMTGW\ŋ DG\GKEJPGVGU *CMGPMTGW\ &KGUGU (TGKJGKVUMTGW\ YWTFG DGTGKVU Y·JTGPF FGU 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIU \WO 5[ODQN FGT HKPPKUEJGP (TGKJGKVUDGYGIWPI IGIGP FKG \CTKUVKUEJ TWUUKUEJG *GTT UEJCHV WPF JCV UQOKV PKEJVU IGOGKP OKV FGO GTUV UR·VGT GPVUVCPFGPGP 5[ODQN FGU 0CVKQPCNUQ\KCNKUOWU $KU JGWVG KUV GU CWH FGO JÌEJUVGP HKPPKUEJGP 1TFGP FGO 1TFGP FGU (TGKJGKVUMTGW\GU \W UGJGP WPF FKGPV \ $ CWEJ CNU 5[ODQN HÒT FGP HKPPKUEJGP 5VCCVURT·UKFGPVGP D\Y FKG 5VCCVURT·UKFGPVKP KP FGUUGP D\Y FGTGP 5VCPFCTVG 5QOKV MCPP CWUFTÒEMNKEJ HGUVIGUVGNNV YGTFGP FC­ FKGUGU (TGKJGKVUMTGW\ CNU PKEJV FGO 0CVKQPCNUQ\KCNKUOWU \WIGJÌTKIGU 5[ODQN PKEJV WPVGT FKG $GUVKOOWPIGP FGT hh C #DU D\Y #DU 5V)$ H·NNV 7PVGT -CV 0T DKGVGP YKT GKP #D\GKEJGP \WO 'KPJWPFGTVL·JTKIGP $GUVGJGP FGT .QVUGP WPF .GWEJVVWTODGJÌTFG KP (KPPNCPF KO ,CJTG CP

4KVVGTQTFGP FGU (TGKJGKVUMTGW\GU =8CRCWFGPTKUVKP TKVCTKMWPVC? /QFGNN OKV FGT ,CJTGU\CJN -TGW\ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO UR·VGTGP $TWUVDCPF OKV QTKIKPCNGT $CPFUEJNGKHG $9- 6+ <- 4 ++ .CWV 6KCKPGP KP 6+ 5 UKPF XQP FKGUGO -TGW\ 'ZGORNCTG JGTIGUVGNNV YQTFGP YQXQP 5VÒEM XGTNKGJGP YWTFGP &GT HKPPKUEJG 1DGTDGHGJNUJCDGT %CTN )WUVCX 'OKN (TGKJGTT /CPPGTJGKO HKPPKUEJGT 4GKEJUXGTYG UGT 2T·UKFGPV XQP DKU UVKHVGVG FCU CWU )TQ­MTGW\ WPF XKGT -NCUUGP DGUVGJGPFG (TGKJGKVUMTGW\ OKV FGT CPIGUEJNQUUGPGP \YGKUVWHKIGP (TGKJGKVUOGFCKNNG CO /·T\ WPF DGUEJT·PMVG UGKPG 8GTNGKJWPI CWH FGP (TGK JGKVUMTKGI IGIGP 4W­NCPF #O &G\GODGT YWTFG GU HÒT FGP UQIGP 9KPVGTMTKGI GTPGWGTV WPF CO &G\GODGT KP GKPGP RGTOCPGPVGP 1TFGP HÒT -TKGIU YKG CWEJ (TKGFGPU\GKVGP WOIG·PFGTV FGUUGP 8GTNGKJWPI LGFQEJ \GKVYGKNKI GKPIGUVGNNV YCT 'T DGUVGJV CWU GKPGO )TQ­MTGW\ WPF XKGT -NCUUGP YQDGK FKG -NCUUG PQEJ KP \YGK 5VWHGP WPVGTVGKNV KUV OKV WPF QJPG 5VGTP

4KVVGTQTFGP FGU (TGKJGKVUMTGW\GU =8CRCWFGPTKUVKP TKVCTKMWPVC? /QFGNN OKV FGT ,CJTGU\CJN -TGW\ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT ¤UG W C *GTUVGNNGT RWP\G FGT (KTOC # 6KNNCPFGT KP *GNUKPMK WPF 2WP\G * HÒT GT 5KNDGT CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP OKNK V·TKUEJGP *CNUDCPF $9- 6+ D <- ++ .CWV *CPMKOQ KP (- 5 KUV FKGUGU -TGW\ /CN XGTNKGJGP YQTFGP

191


REPUBLIK FINNLAND

642

643

644

4KVVGTQTFGP FGU (TGKJGKVUMTGW\GU =8CRCWFGPTKUVKP TKVCTKMWPVC? /QFGNN OKV FGT ,CJTGU\CJN -TGW\ -NCUUG 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT ¤UG W C VNY XGTUEJNCIGPG *GTUVGN NGTRWP\G FGT (KTOC # 6KNNCPFGT KP *GNUKPMK WPF 2WP\G * HÃ’T GT 5KNDGT CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP \KXKNGP $TWUVDCPF $9- 6+ <- 44 ++ .CWV 6KCKPGP KP 6+ 5 UKPF XQP FKGUGO -TGW\ PWT 'ZGORNCTG JGTIGUVGNNV YQTFGP YQXQP 5VÃ’EM XGTNKGJGP YWTFGP 4KVVGTQTFGP FGU (TGKJGKVUMTGW\GU =8CRCWFGPTKUVKP TKVCTKMWPVC? /QFGNN OKV FGT ,CJTGU\CJN -TGW\ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT ¤UG W C VNY XGT UEJNCIGPG *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G FGT (KTOC # 6KNNCPFGT KP *GNUKPMK WPF 2WP\G * HÃ’T GT 5KNDGT CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP OKNKV·TKUEJGP $TWUVDCPF OKV $CPFUEJNGKHG $9- 6+ <- ++ .CWV 6KCKPGP KP 6+ 5 UKPF XQP FKGUGO -TGW\ 'ZGORNCTG JGTIGUVGNNV YQTFGP YQXQP 5VÃ’EM XGTNKGJGP YWTFGP 4KVVGTQTFGP FGU (TGKJGKVUMTGW\GU =8CRCWFGPTKUVKP TKVCTKMWPVC? /QFGNN OKV FGT ,CJTGU\CJN -TGW\ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT ¤UG W C VNY XGT UEJNCIGPG *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G FGT (KTOC # 6KNNCPFGT KP *GNUKPMK WPF 2WP\G * HÃ’T GT 5KNDGT CO UR·VGTGP \KXKNGP *GKOCVHTQPV $TWUVDCPF $9- 6+ <- ++ &KG 8GTNGKJWPIU\CJN FKGUGT -NCUUG KUV KP FGP 8GTNGKJWPIGP FKGUGU -TGW\GU CO OKNKV·TKUEJGP $CPF XQTJGT IGJGPFG -CV 0T GPVJCNVGP

645

646

4KVVGTQTFGP FGU (TGKJGKVUMTGW\GU =8CRCWFGPTKUVKP TKVCTKMWPVC? /QFGNN OKV FGT ,CJTGU\CJN -TGW\ -NCUUG $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF DNCW GOCKNNKGTV CO UR·VGTGP \KXKNGP $TWUVDCPF $9- 6+ <- + ++ .CWV 6KCKPGP KP 6+ 5 UKPF XQP FKGUGO -TGW\ 'ZGORNCTG JGTIGUVGNNV YQTFGP YQXQP LGFQEJ PWT 5VÃ’EM XGTNKGJGP YWTFGP 4KVVGTQTFGP FGU (TGKJGKVUMTGW\GU =8CRCWFGPTKUVKP TKVCTKMWPVC? /QFGNN OKV FGT ,CJTGU\CJN -TGW\ -NCUUG OKV FGO 4QVGP -TGW\ #WUHÃ’JTWPI OKV GTJCDGPGT ,CJTGU\CJN $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF UEJYCT\ NCEMKGTV VNY GOCKNNKGTV .CEMKGTWPI VNY CDIGRNCV\V CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP \KXK NGP *GKOCVHTQPV $TWUVDCPF $9- 6+ <- ++ .CWV 6KCKPGP KP 6+ 5 UKPF XQP FKGUGO -TGW\ 'ZGORNCTG KP DGKFGP #WUHÃ’JTWPIGP JGTIGUVGNNV YQTFGP YQXQP 5VÃ’EM XGTNKGJGP YWTFGP

192


REPUBLIK FINNLAND

647

648

4KVVGTQTFGP FGU (TGKJGKVUMTGW\GU =8CRCWFGPTKUVKP TKVCTKMWPVC? /QFGNN OKV FGT ,CJTGU\CJN -TGW\ -NCUUG OKV 'KEJGPNCWD WPF 5EJYGTVGTP #WUHÃ’JTWPI OKV XGTVKGHVGT ,CJTGU\CJN $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF IGUEJY·T\V CO OKNKV·TKUEJGP $TWUVDCPF OKV 5EJNGKHG $9- 6+ <- ++ .CWV 6KCKPGP KP 6+ 5 UKPF XQP FKGUGO -TGW\ 'ZGORNCTG KP DGKFGP #WUHÃ’JTWPIGP JGTIGUVGNNV YQTFGP YQXQP 5VÃ’EM XGTNKGJGP YWTFGP 4KVVGTQTFGP FGU (TGKJGKVUMTGW\GU =8CRCWFGPTKUVKP TKVCTKMWPVC? /QFGNN OKV FGT ,CJTGU\CJN -TGW\ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP #WUHÃ’JTWPI OKV XGTVKGHVGT ,CJTGU\CJN $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF IGUEJY·T\V CO OKNKV·TKUEJGP $TWUVDCPF OKV 5EJNGKHG $9- 6+ <- ++ .CWV 6KCKPGP KP 6+ 5 UKPF XQP FKGUGO -TGW\ 'ZGORNCTG GKPUEJNKG­NKEJ FGT -TGW\G OKV 'KEJGP NCWD KP DGKFGP #WUHÃ’JTWPIGP JGTIGUVGNNV YQTFGP YQXQP 5VÃ’EM XGTNKGJGP YWTFGP

649

650

4KVVGTQTFGP FGU (TGKJGKVUMTGW\GU =8CRCWFGPTKUVKP TKVCTKMWPVC? /QFGNN OKV FGT ,CJTGU\CJN -TGW\ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP #WUHÃ’JTWPI OKV GTJCDGPGT ,CJTGU\CJN $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQN FGV WPF UEJYCT\ NCEMKGTV .CEMKGTWPI VNY CDIGRNCV\V CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP \KXKNGP *GKOCVHTQPV $TWUV DCPF OKV 5EJNGKHG $9- 6+ <- ++ &KG 8GTNGKJWPIU\CJN FKGUGT -NCUUG KUV KP FGP 8GTNGKJWPIGP FKGUGU -TGW\GU CO OKNKV·TKUEJGP $CPF XQTJGTIG JGPFG -CV 0T GPVJCNVGP 4KVVGTQTFGP FGU (TGKJGKVUMTGW\GU =8CRCWFGPTKUVKP TKVCTKMWPVC? /QFGNN OKV FGT ,CJTGU\CJN -TGW\ -NCUUG $WPVOGVCNN XGTUKNDGTV WPF DNCW GOCKNNKGTV CO \KXKNGP $TWUVDCPF $9- 6+ <- ++ .CWV 6KCKPGP KP 6+ 5 UKPF XQP FKGUGO -TGW\ 'ZGORNCTG JGTIGUVGNNV YQTFGP YQXQP LGFQEJ PWT 5VÃ’EM XGTNKGJGP YWTFGP

193


REPUBLIK FINNLAND

652

651

4KVVGTQTFGP FGU (TGKJGKVUMTGW\GU =8CRCWFGPTKUVKP TKVCTKMWPVC? /QFGNN OKV FGT ,CJTGU\CJN -TGW\ -NCUUG OKV FGO 4QVGP -TGW\ #WUHÃ’JTWPI OKV GTJCDGPGT ,CJTGU\CJN $WPVOGVCNN XGTUKNDGTV WPF UEJYCT\ NCEMKGTV VNY GOCKNNKGTV .CEMKGTWPI OKP CDIGRNCV\V CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP \KXK NGP *GKOCVHTQPV $TWUVDCPF $9- 6+ <- ++ .CWV 6KCKPGP KP 6+ 5 UKPF XQP FKGUGO -TGW\ 'ZGORNCTG KP DGKFGP #WUHÃ’JTWPIGP JGTIGUVGNNV YQTFGP YQXQP 5VÃ’EM XGTNKGJGP YWTFGP

4KVVGTQTFGP FGU (TGKJGKVUMTGW\GU =8CRCWFGPTKUVKP TKVCTKMWPVC? /QFGNN OKV FGT ,CJTGU\CJN -TGW\ -NCUUG OKV 'KEJGPNCWD WPF 5EJYGTVGTP #WUHÃ’JTWPI OKV XGTVKGHVGT ,CJTGU\CJN $WPVOGVCNN XGTUKNDGTV WPF IGUEJY·T\V CO OKNKV·TKUEJGP $TWUVDCPF OKV 5EJNGKHG $9- 6+ <- ++ .CWV 6KCKPGP KP 6+ 5 UKPF XQP FKGUGO -TGW\ 5VÃ’EM XGTNKGJGP YWTFGP

653

654

4KVVGTQTFGP FGU (TGKJGKVUMTGW\GU =8CRCWFGPTKUVKP TKVCTKMWPVC? /QFGNN OKV FGT ,CJTGU\CJN -TGW\ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP #WUHÃ’JTWPI OKV XGTVKGHVGT ,CJTGU\CJN $WPVOGVCNN XGTUKNDGTV WPF IGUEJY·T\V CO OKNKV·TKUEJGP $TWUVDCPF OKV 5EJNGKHG $9- 6+ <- ++ .CWV 6KCKPGP KP 6+ 5 UKPF XQP FKGUGO -TGW\ 'ZGORNCTG GKPUEJNKG­NKEJ FGT -TGW\G OKV 'KEJGPNCWD KP DGKFGP #WUHÃ’JTWPIGP JGTIGUVGNNV YQTFGP YQXQP NCWV *CPMKOQ KP (- 5 5VÃ’EM XGTNKGJGP YWTFGP

4KVVGTQTFGP FGU (TGKJGKVUMTGW\GU =8CRCWFGPTKUVKP TKVCTKMWPVC? /QFGNN OKV FGT ,CJTGU\CJN -TGW\ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP #WUHÃ’JTWPI OKV XGTVKGHVGT ,CJTGU\CJN $WPVOGVCNN XGTUKNDGTV WPF IGUEJY·T\V CO \KXKNGP *GKOCVHTQPV $TWUVDCPF OKV 5EJNGKHG $9- 6+ <- ++ &KG 8GTNGKJWPIU\CJN FKGUGT -NCUUG KUV KP FGP 8GTNGKJWPIGP FKGUGU -TGW\GU CO OKNKV·TKUEJGP $CPF XQTJGTIG JGPFG -CV 0T GPVJCNVGP

194


REPUBLIK FINNLAND

657

655 656

4KVVGTQTFGP FGU (TGKJGKVUMTGW\GU =8CRCWFGPTKUVKP TKVCTKMWPVC? /QFGNN OKV FGT ,CJTGU\CJN -TGW\ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CO UEJYCT\GP $CPF UQIGP 6TCWGTMTGW\ $WPVOGVCNN XGTUKN DGTV WPF IGUEJY·T\V CO 5EJYCT\GP $CPF HÒT *KPVGTDNKGDGPG OKV 5EJNGKHG $9- 6+ <- ++ .CWV 6KCKPGP KP 6+ 5 JCVVG (KPPNCPF KO UQIGPCPPVGP (QTVUGV\WPIUMTKGI ÒDGT )GHCNNGPG QFGT 8GTOKUUVG \W DGMNCIGP XQP FGPGP LGYGKNU FGT P·EJUVG #PIGJÌTKIG FCU 6TCWGTMTGW\ XGTNKGJGP DGMCO

4KVVGTQTFGP FGU (TGKJGKVUMTGW\GU =8CRCWFGPTKUVKP TKVCTKMWPVC? /QFGNN OKV FGT ,CJTGU\CJN (TGKJGKVUOGFCKNNG -NCUUG OKV FGO 4QVGP -TGW\ 5KNDGT VNY GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGO 4GXGTU W C 2WP\G * HÒT GT 5KNDGT WPF ,CJTGURWP\G 2 HÒT CO $TWUVDCPF $9- 6+ <- ++ .CWV 6KCKPGP KP 6+ 5 YWTFGP XQP FGT (TGKJGKVUOGFCKNNG -NCUUG OKV FGO 4QVGP -TGW\ 'ZGORNCTG IGRT·IV YQXQP XGTNKGJGP YWTFGP

4KVVGTQTFGP FGU (TGKJGKVUMTGW\GU =8CRCWFGPTKUVKP TKVCTKMWPVC? /QFGNN OKV FGT ,CJTGU\CJN 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG FGU (TGKJGKVUMTGW\GU -NCUUG CO UEJYCT\GP $CPF OKV #XGTU +PUEJTKHV +5 0/##0 271.'56# (¤4 (156'4.#0&'6 UQIGP 6TCWGTOGFCKNNG 5KNDGT VNY GOCKN NKGTV CWH FGO 4GXGTU W C 2WP\G * HÒT GT 5KNDGT WPF ,CJTGURWP\G 0 HÒT CO UEJYCT \GP $TWUVDCPF $9- 6+ <- ++ .CWV 6KCKPGP KP 6+ 5 YWTFGP XQP FGT 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG FGU (TGKJGKVUMTGW\GU -NCUUG CO UEJYCT\GP $CPF PWT 'ZGORNCTG XGTNKGJGP &KGUGNDG /GFCKNNG CO PQTOCNGP ITÒP UEJYCT\ TQVGP $CPF YWTFG NCWV 6KCPKGPGP KP 6+ 5 PWT /CN XGTNKGJGP YQDGK 'ZGORNCTG IGRT·IV YQTFGP UKPF

658

ex 659

4KVVGTQTFGP FGU (TGKJGKVUMTGW\GU =8CRCWFGPTKUVKP TKVCTKMWPVC? /QFGNN OKV FGT ,CJTGU\CJN (TGKJGKVUOGFCKNNG -NCUUG OKV FGO 4QVGP -TGW\ $TQP\G VNY GOCKNNKGTV CO $TWUVDCPF $9- 6+ <- ++ .CWV 6KCKPGP KP 6+ 5 YWTFGP XQP FGT (TGKJGKVUOGFCKNNG -NCUUG OKV FGO 4QVGP -TGW\ 'ZGORNCTG IGRT·IV YQXQP XGTNKGJGP YWTFGP

4KVVGTQTFGP FGU (TGKJGKVUMTGW\GU =8CRCWFGPTKUVKP TKVCTKMWPVC? /QFGNN OKV FGT ,CJTGU\CJN -QPXQNWV XQP FTGK /GFCKNNGP (TGKJGKVUOGFCKNNG -NCUUG 5KNDGT CWH FGO 4GXGTU W C 2WP\G * HÒT GT 5KNDGT WPF ,CJTGURWP\G 2 HÒT (TGKJGKVUOGFCKNNG -NCUUG $TQP\G 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG FGU (TGKJGKVUMTGW\GU -NCUUG OKV #XGTU +PUEJTKHV +5 0/##0 271.'56# (¤4 (156'4.#0&'6 UQIGP /GFCKNNG HÒT FKG OKNKV·TKUEJG +PFWUVTKG $TQP\G ,GYGKNU CO MQT TGMVGP $TWUVDCPF ++ .CWV 6KCKPGP KP 6+ 5 H YWTFG FKG (TGKJGKVUOGFCKNNG -NCUUG /CN XGTNKGJGP FKG (TGKJGKVUOGFCKNNG -NCUUG /CN WPF FKG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG FGU (TGKJGKVUMTGW\GU -NCUUG /CN DGK IGRT·IVGP 'ZGORNCTGP

195


REPUBLIK FINNLAND

660 (1:1)

660 (1:3)

196


REPUBLIK FINNLAND

4KVVGTQTFGP FGT (KPPKUEJGP 9GK­GP 4QUG =5WQOGP 8CNMQKUGP 4WWUWP TKVCTKMWPVC? )TQ­MTGW\ -QN NCPGPUGV =UWWTTKUVK MGVLWKP? /QFGNN OKV *CMGPMTGW\GP ņ #WUHÒJTWPI DGUVGJGPF CWU -QNNCPG OKV PGWP *CMGPMTGW\ WPF PGWP 4QUGP )NKGFGTP LGYGKNU 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV NGV\ VGTG VNY GOCKNNKGTV GKP *CMGPMTGW\ )NKGF CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG W C OKV FGT *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G # 6 FGT (KTOC # 6KNNCPFGT KP *GNUKPMK FGT 2WP\G * HÒT GT 5KNDGT WPF FGT ,CJTGURWP\G % HÒT OKV -NGKPQF 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT ¤UG W C *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G XQP 6KNNCPFGT WPF 2WP\G * HÒT GT 5KNDGT \WUCOOGP OKV $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT JQJN IGHGTVKIV OKV .WHVFTWEM #WUINGKEJUNÌ EJGTP OKV UGRCTCV CWHIGNGIVGP WPF CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG XGTPKGVGVGP 5EJWRRGP #WHNCIGP KP 5KNDGT XGTIQN FGV WPF /GFCKNNQP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI XQP 6KNNCP FGT CP 0CFGN KO QTKIKPCNGP OKV IQNFHCTDGPGT 4QUG DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK XQP 6KNNCPFGT $9- 6+ D <- 444 + ++ #WHITWPF FGT )GUVCNVWPI FGT ªDGTJÌJWPI FGU -NGKPQFU WPF FGT -QODKPCVKQP OKV FGO $TWUVUVGTP FGUUGP 5RKV\G PCEJ QDGP \GKIV MCPP GKPFGWVKI HGUVIGUVGNNV YGTFGP FC­ GU UKEJ DGK FGT -QNNCPG FGU JKGT CPIGDQVGPGP 5GVU WO GKP 'ZGORNCT FGT #WUHÒJTWPI FGU /QFGNNU JCPFGNV FKG XQP DKU KPUIGUCOV PWT 2GTUQPGP XGTNKGJGP YQTFGP KUV FCTWPVGT W C CP *GTOCPP )ÌTKPI XQP DKU 2T·UKFGPV FGU &GWVUEJGP 4GKEJUVCIU XQP DKU RTGW­KUEJGT /KPKUVGTRT·UKFGPV WPF 4GKEJUOKPKUVGT HÒT .WHVHCJTV XQP DKU 4GKEJUOCTUEJCNN CP ,QCEJKO XQP 4KDDGPVTQR XQP DKU 4GKEJUOKPKUVGT FGU #WUY·TVKIGP CP -ÌPKI /KJCK + XQP 4WO·PKGP IGD XQP DKU WPF XQP DKU -ÌPKI CP -CKUGT *KTQJKVQ XQP ,CRCP -CKUGT UGKV CP -ÌPKI $CWFQWKP XQP $GNIKGP -ÌPKI UGKV

CD JKGT XQNNUV·PFKI CP FKG UEJYGFKUEJG -ÌPKIKP .QWKUG -ÌPKIKP UGKV CP FKG F·PKUEJG -ÌPKIKP +PITKF -ÌPKIKP CD CP -TQPRTKP\GUUKP /CTICTGVJG XQP &·PGOCTM IGD -ÌPKIKP UGKV CP FGP ÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJGP $WPFGURT·UKFGPVGP #FQNH 5EJ·TH $WPFGURT·UKFGPV UGKV CP FGP KVCNKGPKUEJGP 2T·UKFGPVGP )KQXCPPK )TQPEJK 2T·UKFGPV XQP DKU CP -TQPRTKP\ *CTCNF XQP 0QTYGIGP IGD -ÌPKI UGKV CP -ÌPKIKP 'NKUCDGVJ ++ XQP )TQ­DTKVCPPKGP IGD -ÌPKIKP UGKV CP FGP HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP 2T·UKFGPVGP %JCTNGU FG )CWNNG 2T·UKFGPV XQP DKU CP FGP LWIQUNCYKUEJGP 5VCCVU WPF /KPKUVGTRT·UKFGPVGP /CTUEJCNN ,QUKR $TQ\ 6KVQ 5VCCVU WPF /KPKUVGTRT·UKFGPV UGKV CP FGP VWPGUKUEJGP 2T·UKFGPVGP *CDKD $QWTIWKDC 2T·UKFGPV XQP DKU CP FGP VCPUCPKUEJGP 2T·UKFGPVGP ,WNKWU -CODCTCIG 0[GTGTG 2T·UKFGPV XQP DKU .CWV 2WP\KGTWPI KUV FKGUG -GVVG KO ,CJTG JGTIGUVGNNV YQTFGP &KG -GVVGP XQP .QWKUG XQP 5EJYGFGP +PITKF XQP &·PGOCTM /CTICTGVJG ++ XQP &·PGOCTM *CTCNF 8 XQP 0QTYGIGP -ÌPKIKP 'NKUCDGVJ ++ XQP )TQ­DTKVCPPKGP %JCTNGU FG )CWNNG WPF ,QUKR $TQ\ 6KVQ DGHKPFGP UKEJ GPVYGFGT PQEJ DGK FGP LGYGKNKIGP $GNKGJGPGP QFGT DGK FGTGP 'TDGP D\Y KP +PUVKVWVKQPGP QFGT /WUGGP #WEJ FKG -GVVGP $QWTIWKDCU WPF 0[GTGTGU FÒTHVGP UKEJ CWHITWPF FGT $GFGWVWPI FKGUGT 2GTUÌPNKEJMGKVGP HÒT KJTG .·PFGT PQEJ FQTV DGHKPFGP ªDGT FGP 8GTDNGKD FGT CP FGP ÌUVGTTGKEJK UEJGP $WPFGURT·UKFGPVGP 5EJ·TH XGTNKGJGPGP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP KUV DKUJGT PKEJVU DGMCPPV #NNGKP FGT 1TFGPUPCEJNC­ XQP )KQXCPPK )TQPEJK YWTFG PCEJ UGKPGO 6QF KP FGP GT ,CJTGP KP 4QO XGTUVGKIGTV UQ FC­ GU UKEJ OKV ITQ­GT 9CJTUEJGKPNKEJMGKV DGK FGO JKGT CPIGDQVGPGP 5GV WO FCU CP 2T·UKFGPV )TQPEJK XGTNKGJGPG JCPFGNV &KG GTUVG #WUHÒJTWPI YWTFG \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV /CN XGTNKGJGP FCU \YGKVG /QFGNN \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV /CN 8IN 6+ 5 HH WPF HH $GOGTMGPUYGTV KUV FKG )GUVCNVWPI FGT -QNNCPG FKG UEJQP XQP CP *CMGPMTGW\G 5YCUVKMCU \GKIVG &CDGK JCP FGNV GU UKEJ WO FCU Y·JTGPF FGU HKPPKUEJGP (TGKJGKVUMCORHGU IGIGP 4W­NCPF XGTYCPFVG 5[ODQN FGT (TGKJGKVUDGYG IWPI FCU (TGKJGKVUMTGW\ =XCRCWFGPTKUVKP? FCU IGUVCNVWPIO·­KI GKPG ITQ­G JPNKEJMGKV OKV FGO *CMGPMTGW\ FGU 0CVKQPCNUQ\KCNKUOWU CWHYGKUV CDGT KPJCNVNKEJ ÒDGT MGKPGTNGK )GOGKPUCOMGKVGP OKV FKGUGO XGTHÒIV CW­GT XKGNNGKEJV FC­ GU UKEJ DGK DGKFGP WO CWU FGO #NV )GTOCPKUEJGP 7OHGNF UVCOOGPFG 5[ODQNG JCPFGNV #WU FKGUGO )TWPF \GKIGP YKT FKGUGU *CMGPMTGW\ CWEJ JKGT QJPG #DFGEMWPI YGKN GU CWHITWPF FGT \WXQT IGOCEJVGP WPF PQEJ HQNIGPFGP (GUVUVGNNWPIGP PKEJV WPVGT FKG $GUVKOOWPIGP FGT hh C #DU D\Y #DU 5V)$ H·NNV &CU (TGKJGKVUMTGW\ WPF FKG YGK­G 4QUG YCTGP UEJQP FKG 5[ODQNG FGU HKPPKUEJGP -CORHGU WO 7PCDJ·PIKIMGKV IGYQTFGP WPF HCPFGP HQNIGTKEJVKI CWEJ #WHPCJOG KP FKG 5VCCVUU[ODQNKM FGU HKPPKUEJGP 5VCCVGU CD &CU *CMGP MTGW\ FGU 0CVKQPCNUQ\KCNKUOWU LGFQEJ YWTFG GTUV KO 8GTNCWH FGU ,CJTGU \WO 5[ODQN FGT CO (GDTWCT CWU FGT &GWVUEJGP #TDGKVGTRCTVGK &#2 JGTXQTIGICPIGPGP 0CVKQPCNUQ\KCNKUVKUEJGP &GWVUEJGP #TDGKVGTRCTVGK IG OCEJV 5EJQP \WXQT JCVVG GU CNU 5[ODQN XGTUEJKGFGPUVGT $GYGIWPIGP WPF 8GTGKPKIWPIGP KP &GWVUEJNCPF IGFKGPV UQ YWTFG GU \ $ CD KP FGT CPVKUGOKVKUEJGP UQIGP #TKQUQRJKG FGU ,ÌTI .CP\ XQP .KGDGPHGNU XGT YGPFGV CD XQP FGT PGWJGKFPKUEJGP )GTOCPKUEJGP )NCWDGPU )GOGKPUEJCHV XQP 9KNJGNO 5EJYCPGT WPF .WFYKI (CJTGPMTQI CD XQP FGT CPVKUGOKVKUEJ WPF CTKQUQRJKUEJ IGRT·IVGP &GWVUEJXÌNMK UEJGP 2CTVGK WPF GDGPHCNNU UQICT XQP FGT $GYGIWPI FGU 9CPFGTXQIGNU FKG FCTKP GKPG CNVG )GTOCPGPTWPG UCJ #O ,CPWCT UVKHVGVG FGT 4GKEJUXGTYGUGT %CTN )WUVCX 'OKN (TGKJGTT /CPPGTJGKO FGP UGEJUMNCU UKIGP -GVVG )TQ­MTGW\ -QOOCPFGWT WPF -NCUUG WPF 4KVVGT WPF -NCUUG CNNIGOGKPGP 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGO FCU <GKEJGP FGT (KPPKUEJGP 9GK­GP 4QUG UQYKG GKPG FTGKUVWHKIG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG CHHKNKKGTV UKPF &KG 1TFGPU UVCVWVGP FCVKGTGP XQO /CK /KV FGO 5VCVWVGP 0CEJVTCI XQO #WIWUV GPVHKGN FKG -NCUUGPDG\GKEJPWPI DGKO -QOOCPFGWT WPF DGKO 4KVVGT -NCUUG WPF CWH FCU $CPF FGU 4KVVGTMTGW\GU -NCUUG YWTFG GKPG 4QUGVVG CWHIGNGIV #O #WIWUV YWTFG FKG DKUJGTKIG 2TCZKU FGP $TWUVUVGTP OKV FGT 5RKV\G PCEJ QDGP \W VTCIGP OKV 'TNC­ UCPMVKQPKGTV #D MQPPVGP CNNG -NCUUGP FGU 1TFGPU HÒT 6CRHGTMGKV XQT FGO (GKPF UQYQJN CP <KXKNRGTUQPGP CNU CWEJ CP /KNKV·TCPIGJÌ TKIG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP XGTNKGJGP YGTFGP 5GKV GVYC UGV\VG UKEJ FKG 2TCZKU FWTEJ KJP CWEJ HÒT OKNKV·TKUEJG 8GT FKGPUVG KO -TKGIG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP \W XGTNGKJGP 8IN -NKGVOCPP -WTV )GTJCTF WPF 0GWDGEMGT 1VVHTKGF (KPPNCPF 1TFGP FGT (KPPKUEJGP 9GK­GP 4QUG +P -1. GTHQNIVG DGK FGT -QNNCPG FKG 'PVHGTPWPI FGT (TGKJGKVUMTGW\ )NKGFGT FKG JKGT FGO 5[ODQN FGU 0CVKQPCNUQ\KCNKU OWU FQEJ UGJT ·JPNKEJ IGUVCNVGV YCTGP FKG FWTEJ UQI &TGK )CDGN -TGW\G UVKNKUKGTVG 5EJPGGHNQEMGP GTUGV\V YWTFGP

197


REPUBLIK FINNLAND

661 (1:1)

4KVVGTQTFGP FGT (KPPKUEJGP 9GK­GP 4QUG =5WQOGP 8CNMQKUGP 4WWUWP TKVCTKMWPVC? )TQ­MTGW\ 5GV =UWWTTKUVK? DGUVGJGPF CWU -NGKPQF #WUHÒJTWPI OKV JQTK\QPVCNGT ¤UG ņ UGKV 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT ¤UG W C VNY *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G FGT (KTOC # 6KNNCPFGT KP *GNUKPMK WPF 2WP\G * HÒT GT 5KNDGT CO QTKIKPCNGP 5EJWNVGTDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT JQJN IGHGTVKIV OKV .WHV FTWEM #WUINGKEJUNÌEJGTP OKV UGRCTCV CWHIGNGIVGP WPF CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG XGTPKGVGVGP 5EJWRRGP #WHNC IGP KP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF /GFCKNNQP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG W C *GT UVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI XQP 6KNNCPFGT 2WP\G * HÒT GT 5KNDGT WPF ,CJTGURWP\G 7 HÒT CP 0CFGN KO QTKIKPCNGP OKV IQNFHCTDGPGT 4QUG DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK XQP 6KNNCPFGT $9- 6+ <- ++

ex 663 (1:1) 662 (1:1)

662 (1:1)

4KVVGTQTFGP FGT (KPPKUEJGP 9GK­GP 4QUG =5WQOGP 8CNMQKUGP 4WWUWP TKVCTKMWPVC? -QOOCPFGWTU <GKEJGP =MQOGPVCLCOGTMMK? #WUHÒJTWPI OKV JQTK\QPVCN CPIGNÌVGVGT ¤UG ņ 5KNDGT XGTIQN FGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV QDGTHN·EJNKEJGT 'OCKNNG %JKR CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FGU QDGTGP -TGW\CTOU GVYCU XGT UEJOWV\V CWH FGO 5RTWPITKPI OGJTHCEJ RWP\KGTV W C 8 . HÒT 8KMVQT .KPFOCPP WPF 5KNDGTRWP\G * QJPG *CNUDCPF $9- <- 444 ++ +++ &KG -TGW\G FGU *GTUVGNNGTU 8KMVQT .KPFOCPP FGT PWT XQP DKU FKG 1TFGPUKPUKIPKGP NKGHGTVG UKPF XQP CNNGTITÌ­VGT 5GNVGPJGKV .CWV 9TGFG KP 94& 5 WPF YWTFGP WPF \WUCOOGP -QOOCP FGWTUMTGW\G WPF -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\G + -NCUUG CP (KPPGP WPF #WUN·PFGT XGTNKGJGP 4KVVGTQTFGP FGT (KPPKUEJGP 9GK­GP 4QUG =5WQOGP 8CNMQKUGP 4WWUWP TKVCTKMWPVC? /GFCKNNG FGT (KPPKUEJGP 9GK­GP 4QUG -QPXQNWV XQP FTGK /GFCKNNGP /GFCKNNG -NCUUG 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV CWH FGO 4CPF OGJTHCEJ RWP\KGTV W C ,CJTGURWP\G 7 HÒT KO 'VWK /GFCKNNG -NCUUG 5KNDGT CWH FGO 4CPF OGJTHCEJ RWP\KGTV W C ,CJTGURWP\G # HÒT /GFCKNNG -NCUUG $TQP\G ,GYGKNU CO $TWUVDCPF &C\W 'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG HÒT FGP (QTVUGV\WPIUMTKGI CO $TWUVDCPF ++

198


REPUBLIK FINNLAND

ex 664 (verkleinert)

Ritterorden vom finnischen Löwen [Suomen Leijonan ritarikunta]. )TQ­MTGW\ 5GV =UWWTTKUVK? DGUVG JGPF CWU -NGKPQF 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT ¤UG W C *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G FGT (KTOC # 6KNNCPFGT KP *GNUKPMK 2WP\G * HÒT GT 5KNDGT WPF ,CJTGURWP\G 4 HÒT CO QTKIKPCNGP 5EJWNVGTDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT OKV UGRCTCV CWHIGNGIVGP WPF CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG XGTPKGVGVGP 5EJWR RGP #WHNCIGP KP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF /GFCKNNQP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG W C *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G XQP 6KNNCPFGT 2WP\G * HÒT GT 5KNDGT WPF ,CJTGURWP\G 4 HÒT CP 0CFGN KO QTKIKPCNGP OKV IQNFHCTDGPGT 4QUG DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK XQP 6KNNCPFGT <WUCOOGP OKV 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG \WO )TQ­MTGW\ HÒT *GKP\ 'KEJNGT 5GMTGV·T FGU 5VCCVUTCVGU FGT &GWVUEJGP &GOQ MTCVKUEJGP 4GRWDNKM FCVKGTV *GNUKPMK CO 1MVQDGT OKV 2CRKGTUKGIGN FGU 1TFGPU WPF 1TKIKPCN WPVGTUEJTKHVGP FGU HKPPKUEJGP 2T·UKFGPVGP 7TJQ -GMMQPGP WPF FGU 1TFGPUMCP\NGTU \WUCOOGP OKV FGWVUEJURTCEJKIGT ªDGTUGV\WPI KP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGT 7TMWPFGPOCRRG $9- 6+ C D <- + ++ *GKP\ 'KEJNGT /KVINKGF FGT 5'& YCT XQP DKU 5GMTGV·T FGU 5VCCVUTCVGU FGT &GWVUEJGP &G OQMTCVKUEJGP 4GRWDNKM WPF INGKEJ\GKVKI CWEJ #DIGQTFPGVGT HÒT FKG 5'& KP FGT 8QNMUMCOOGT $KU UC­ GT CWEJ KO 2T·UKFKWO FGT 8QNMUMCOOGT 7TJQ -GMMQPGP DKU YCT XQP DKU HKPPKUEJGT 5VCCVURT·UKFGPV #O 5GRVGODGT UVKHVGVG FGT HKPPKUEJG 2T·UKFGPV 4KUVQ 4[VK 2T·UKFGPV XQP DKU FGP HÒPHMNCUUKIGP CNNIGOGKPGP 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGO GKP 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ WPF FKG CO &G\GODGT IGUVKHVGVG 2TQ (KPNCPFKC /GFCKNNG HÒT -ÒPUVNGT WPF #WVQTGP CHHKNKKGTV UKPF (ÒT OKNKV·TKUEJG 8GTFKGPUVG KP -TKGIU\GKVGP YKTF FGT 1TFGP OKV 5EJYGTVGTP XGTNKGJGP

665

Ritterorden vom finnischen Löwen [Suomen Leijonan ritarikunta]. -QOOCPFGWTU 5GV -NCUUG = NWQMCP MQOGPVCLCOGTMMK? DGUVGJGPF CWU -QOOCPFGWTU\GKEJGP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT ¤UG W C 2WP\G * HÒT GT 5KNDGT CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT /GFCKNNQP XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG W C *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G FGT (KTOC # 6KNNCPFGT 2WP\G * HÒT GT 5KNDGT WPF ,CJTGURWP\G 4 HÒT CP IQNFHCTDGPGT 0CFGN \WUCOOGP OKV -PQRHNQEJ 4QUGVVG OKV IQNF WPF UKNDGTHCTDGPGT .KV\G KO QTKIKPCNGP OKV IQNFHCTDGPGO HKPPKUEJGO .ÌYGP DGFTWEM VGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK XQP 6KNNCPFGT KP *GNUKPMK $9- 6+ D F <- + ++

199


REPUBLIK FINNLAND

666

668

667

669

4KVVGTQTFGP XQO HKPPKUEJGP .ÌYGP =5WQOGP .GKLQPCP TKVCTKMWPVC? -QOOCPFGWTU <GKEJGP =MQOGPVCLCOGTMMK? 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT ¤UG OGJTHCEJ RWP\KGTV W C * 5KN DGTRWP\G 5VCFVRWP\G HÒT *GNUKPMK WPF ,CJTGURWP\G 4 HÒT CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF #DUEJPKVV KO QTKIKPCNGP OKV IQNFHCTDGPGO HKPPKUEJGO .ÌYGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC # 6KNNCPFGT KP *GNUKPMK $9- 6+ D <- ++

4KVVGTQTFGP XQO HKPPKUEJGP .ÌYGP =5WQOGP .GKLQPCP TKVCTKMWPVC? -QOOCPFGWTU <GKEJGP =MQOGPVCLCOGTMMK? 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT ¤UG OGJTHCEJ RWP\KGTV W C * 5KN DGTRWP\G 5VCFVRWP\G HÒT *GNUKPMK WPF ,CJTGURWP\G 3 HÒT CO 'KPJ·PI *CNUDCPF $9- <- ++

4KVVGTQTFGP XQO HKPPKUEJGP .ÌYGP =5WQOGP .GKLQPCP TKVCTKMWPVC? 4KVVGT\GKEJGP -NCUUG = NWQMCP TKVCTKOGTMMK? 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT ¤UG W C *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G FGT (KTOC # 6KNNCPFGT KP *GNUKPMK WPF 2WP\G * HÒT GT 5KNDGT CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF OKV CWHIGNGIVGT 4QUGVVG KO QTKIKPCNGP OKV IQNFHCTDGPGO HKPPKUEJGO .ÌYGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK XQP # 6KNNCP FGT KP *GNUKPMK $9- 6+ D <- ++

4KVVGTQTFGP XQO HKPPKUEJGP .ÌYGP =5WQOGP .GKLQPCP TKVCTKMWPVC? 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ =CPUKQTKUVK? XQO (KPPKUEJGP .ÌYGP 5KNDGT CWH FGT ¤UG OGJTHCEJ RWP\KGTV W C * 5KNDGTRWP\G 5VCFVRWP\G HÒT *GNUKPMK WPF *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G #6 FGT (KTOC # 6KNNCPFGT KP *GNUKPMK CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF KO GVYCU DGTKGDGPGP QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK XQP # 6KNNCPFGT $9- <- ++

670 (1:1)

4KVVGTQTFGP XQO HKPPKUEJGP .ÌYGP =5WQOGP .GKLQPCP TKVCTKMWPVC? 2TQ (KPNCPFKC /GFCKNNG HÒT -ÒPUVNGT WPF #WVQTGP =2TQ (KPNCPFKC OKVCNK VGKVGKNKLQKNNG LC MKTLCKNKLQLQKNNG? 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV #WUHÒJTWPI PKEJV OKV RWP\KGTVGT ¤UG UQPFGTP OKV 2WP\GP CWH FGO 4CPF 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG ITC XKGTVGT 6T·IGTPCOG 474+- '-4115 CWH FGO 4CPF W C *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G # 6 FGT (KTOC # 6KNNCPFGT KP *GNUKPMK 2WP\G * HÒT GT 5KNDGT WPF ,CJTGURWP\G < HÒT CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP $TWUVDCPF $9- 6+ <- 44 ++ &GT HKPPKUEJG 2T·UKFGPV 4KUVQ 4[VK 2T·UKFGPV XQP DKU UVKHVGVG CO &G\GODGT FKG 2TQ (KPNCPFKC /GFCKNNG HÒT -ÒPUVNGT FKG FGO 1TFGP CHHKNKKGTV KUV .CWV 6KCKPGP KP 6+ 5 0T YWTFG UKG UGKV KJTGT 5VKHVWPI DKU 'PFG KPUIGUCOV /CN XGTNKGJGP 4WTKM 'MTQQU YCT GKP HKPPKUEJGT 6JGCVGT (KNO WPF (GTPUGJ 5EJCWURKGNGT 'T YKTMVG CD W C KP FTGK 5VWOOHKNOGP WPF CD KP \YGK 6QPHKNOGP W C KP )GPGTCN XQP &ÌDGNP OKV WPF CD KP GKPGT ICP\GP 4GKJG HKPPKUEJGT (GTPUGJHKNOG \GKEJPGVG KJP FGT HKPPKUEJG 2T·UKFGPV ,WJQ -WUVK 2CCUKMKXK 2T·UK FGPV UGKV OKV FGT 2TQ (KPNCPFKC /GFCKNNG CWU

200


FRANKREICH

'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG HÒT FGP (TGKJGKVUMTKGI =8CRCWUUQFCP OWKUVQOKVCNK? 'KUGP IGUEJY·T\V OKV *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G 5 %Q FGT (KTOC 5RQTTQPI %Q KP 5VQEMJQNO QJPG $CPF \WUCOOGP OKV FGWVUEJURTCEJKIGT 8GTNGKJWPIUDGUEJGKPKIWPI FGU HKPPKUEJGP -TKGIUOKPKUVGTKWOU HÒT )GHT %CTN -NCWU FCVKGTV CO ,WNK WPF $GUKV\\GWIPKU \WT (KPPKUEJGP (TGKJGKVU /GFCKNNG + -NCUUG HÒT -NCWU FCVKGTV CO 0QXGODGT DGKFG &QMWOGPVG OGJTHCEJ IGHCNVGV &C\W $TQP\GOGFCKNNG HÒT VTGWG #TDGKV FGT 1UVVJÒTKPIKUEJGP +PFWUVTKG WPF *CPFGNUMCOOGT KP )GTC CO 5EJNGKHEJGP KO 1TKIKPCNGVWK 4 ++ ++ +++ &QMWOGPVG HKPPKUEJGT #WU\GKEJPWPIGP FGU (TGKJGKVUMTKGIU HÒT &GWVUEJG KP FGWVUEJGT 5RTCEJG UKPF PWT UGNVGP \W HKPFGP

672 (1:2)

673 (1:2)

)TQ­G 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG GKPGU 8GVGTCPGP FGU 9KPVGTMTKGIGU FGT FCU 'KUGTPG -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG GTJCNVGP JCV OKV XKGT #WU\GKEJPWPIGP 1TFGP FGU (TGKJGKVUMTGW\GU /QFGNN OKV FGT ,CJTGU\CJN /GFCKNNG HÒT 6CRHGTMGKV ++ -NCUUG $TQP\G 1TFGP FGT HKPPKUEJGP 9GK­GP 4QUG #WUHÒJTWPI OKV JQTK\QPVCN CPIGNÌVGVGT ¤UG ņ UGKV 5KNDGT GOCKNNKGTV ¤UG OGJTHCEJ RWP\KGTV W C #6 HÒT FKG (KTOC # 6KNNCPFGT KP *GNUKPMK WPF 5KNDGTRWP\G * CO $TWUVDCPF OKV CWHIGNGIVGT 4QUGVVG 'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG HÒT FGP 9KPVGTMTKGI CO $TWUVDCPF OKV #WHNCIG IGMTGW\VGT 5·DGN WPF 5EJYGTV WPF $CPFURCPIG -#4,#.#0 -#00#5 &GWVUEJGU 4GKEJ 'KUGTPGU -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG #P 0CFGN &C\W /GFCKNNG HÒT 6CRHGTMGKV ++ -NCUUG FGU 1TFGPU FGU (TGKJGKVUMTGW \GU $TQP\G ++

)TQ­G 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG FGU UEJYGFKUEJGP 8GVGTCPGP FGU HKPPKUEJ TWUUKUEJGP 9KPVGTMTKGIGU ( 5NÌÌT 5EJYGFGP 5KNDGTPG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG FGU 5EJCTHUEJÒV\GPXGTDCPFU FGT 5VCFV 5VQEMJQNO 5KNDGT OGJTHCEJ RWP\KGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG 9KFOWPIUITCXWT ( 5NÌÌT (KPP NCPF 1TFGP FGU (TGKJGKVUMTGW\GU /QFGNN OKV FGT ,CJTGU\CJN -TGW\ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGT VGTP $WPVOGVCNN XGTUKNDGTV WPF VNY GOCKNNKGTV OKV $CPFUEJNGKHG 9KPVGTMTKGIU 6GKNPGJOGT /GFCKNNG HÒT CWUN·PFKUEJG (TGKYKNNKIG 'KUGP IGUEJY·T\V CO $CPF OKV 5·DGN WPF 5EJYGTV #WHNCIG WPF $CPFURCPIG .#22+ #P 0CFGN ++

674 (1:1)

(4#0-4'+%* -¤0+)4'+%* #0%+'0 4')+/' $+5

&GMQTCVKQP FGU )T·HNKEJGP #FNKIGP -CRKVGNU XQO JN 2GVTWU \W /³EQP =%JCRKVTG 0QDNG FG 5CKPV 2KGTTG FG /³EQP? )QNF Z OO )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I #WUDTÒEJG KP FGT YGKUGP 'OCKNNG XQP #XGTU WPF 4GXGTU FGT 5RKV\GP FGU QDGTGP -TGW\CTOU FCU 4ÒEMUGKVGP /GFCKNNQP HGJNV =TGXGTUG EGPVTG KU OKUUKPI? QJPG $CPF (.1 5 ++ ++ +8 &KG XQP FGP *GT\ÌIGP XQP $WTIWPF KP /³EQP JGWVG KO &¾RCTVGOGPV 5CÊPG GV .QKTG KP $WTIWPF IGITÒPFGVG #W IWUVKPGTKPPGP #DVGK YWTFG NCWV (NQTCPIG KP (.1 5 KP GKP YGNVNKEJGU -CPQPKUUGP 5VKHV WOIGYCPFGNV GTJQD GU -ÌPKI .WFYKI :8 KP IT·HNKEJGP 4CPI WPF UVKHVGVG FKG 5VKHVUFGMQTCVKQP +O <WIG FGT HTCP\ÌUK UEJGP 4GXQNWVKQP KUV FCU 5VKHV WPVGTIGICPIGP

201


FRANKREICH

675 (1:1) 676 (1:1)

-¤0+)4'+%* &'4 (4#0<15'0 -1056+676+10'..' /10#4%*+'

)GFGPMOGFCKNNG CP FCU (ÌFGTCVKQPUHGUV CO ,WNK =/¾FCKNNG %QOO¾OQTCVKXG FG NC (¿VG FG NC (¾F¾TCVKQP CW ,WKNNGV ? Z OO OKV UEJÌPGT CNVGT 1TKIKPCN 8GTIQNFWPI CO MWT\GP CNVGP $·PFEJGP ++ #O ,WNK FGO GTUVGP ,CJTGUVCI FGU 5VWTOU CWH FKG $CUVKNNG HCPF CWH FGO 2CTKUGT /CTUHGNF FCU UQIGPCPPVG (ÌFGTCVKQPUHGUV UVCVV CP FGO -ÌPKI .WFYKI :8+ XQT #DIGUCPFVGP CWU &¾RCTVGOGPVU (TCPMTGKEJU GKPGP HGKGTNKEJGP 'KF CWH FKG 8GTHCUUWPI FKG 0CVKQP WPF FCU )GUGV\ NGKUVGVG FGT XQO 8QNM YKGFGTJQNV YWTFG #WHITWPF FKGUGU (GUVGU WPF PKEJV YKG IGOGKPJKP CPIGPQOOGP YKTF KP 'TKPPGTWPI FGU 5VWTOU CWH FKG $CUVKNNG DGIGJV (TCPMTGKEJ CP FKGUGO &CVWO DKU JGWVG UGKPGP 0CVKQPCNHGKGTVCI

'456' (4#0<¤5+5%*' 4'27$.+-

,GVQP CWH FKG )TÒPFWPI FGT $CPSWG FG (TCPEG 5KNDGT &WTEJOGUUGT OO

++

&KG $CPSWG FG (TCPEG FKG HTCP\ÌUKUEJG 0CVKQPCNDCPM YWTFG CO 0KXÊUG FGU ,CJTGU 8+++ ,CPWCT IGITÒPFGV

677 (1:1)

'456'5 (4#0<¤5+5%*'5 -#+5'44'+%*

'JTGPNGIKQP =.¾IKQP F JQPPGWT? $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TCPF #KING &WTEJOGUUGT OO #WUHÒJTWPI OKV WPIGMTÌPVGO #FNGTMQRH PCEJ NKPMU 5KNDGTNCCP WPF RCKNNGVVGP 5VKEMGTGK OKV UKNDGTPGO /GFCKNNQP OGJTVGKNKI IGHGTVKIV FGT #FNGT UGJT RNCUVKUEJ CWUIGHÒJTV VNY GOCKNNKGTV FKG 4CPF 7OP·JWPI GVYCU IGNÌUV FKG $GHGUVKIWPIUUEJNCWHGP LGFQEJ XQNNUV·PFKI XQTJCPFGP CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FKEMGU #DFGEMRCRKGT $9- <- 444 ++ +++ 'ZGORNCT XQP CNNGTITÌ­VGT 5GNVGPJGKV DGUQPFGTU KP FKGUGT (QTO OKV VGKNGOCKNNKGTVGO /GFCKNNQP &KGUGU 'ZGORNCT YGKUV GKP VGKNGOCKNNKGTVGU /GFCKNNQP CWH UGJT ·PJNKEJ FGP XQP $KGPPCKU IGHGTVKIVGP $TWUVUVGTPGP KP /GVCNN 8IN %. 5 #DD WPF #NNGTFKPIU YGKUV FCU XQTNKGIGPFG 'ZGORNCT PKEJV FKG FKG $KGPPCKU #PHGTVKIWPIGP MGPP\GKEJPGPFG TÒEMUGKVKIG IQNFIGRT·IVG .GFGTCDFGEMWPI CWH YQOKV FGUUGP 7TJGDGTUEJCHV HÒT FKGUGP 5VGTP CPIG\YGKHGNV YGTFGP OW­ 'U KUV LGFQEJ UGJT IWV OÌINKEJ FC­ FGT *GTUVGNNGT FKGUGU 'ZGORNCTU FCU /GFCKNNQP UGNDUV DGK $KGPPCKU DG\QIGP JCDGP MÌPPVG

202


FRANKREICH

678

680 (1:1)

681

679 (1:1)

/GFCKNNG FGT -CKUGTNKEJGP #MCFGOKG \WO 'TUVGP 2TGKU HÒT <GKEJPGP =/¾FCKNNG FW 2GTOKGT 2TKZ FW &GUUKP FG N #ECFGOKG +OR¾TKCNG? 6TCIDCT &WTEJOGUUGT OO 5KNDGT CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG OKV 9KF OWPIUKPUEJTKHV 2TGOKGT 2TKZ FW &GUUKP FG N CECFGOKG +OR¾TKCNG ¯ AA &GEGTP¾ NG /CK FGT 6T·IGTPCOG MWPUVXQNN WPF PCJG\W WPUKEJVDCT CWUIGUEJNKHHGP OKP 4CPFFGNNGP QJPG $CPF 4 ++

-¤0+)4'+%* 4'56#74#6+10

/KNKV·TKUEJGT 1TFGP XQO JN .WFYKI =1TFTG /KNKVCKTG FG 5CKPV .QWKU? /QFGNN 4GIKGTWPIU\GKV -ÌPKI .WFYKIU :8+++ ņ 4KVVGTMTGW\ CNVGT )QNFIW­ VNY RQNKGTV GOCKNNKGTV I OKV $CPF OKV MNGKPGT )CTCPVKGRWP\G CWH GKPGT .KNKG 9KFFGTMQRH OKP #DRNCV\WPIGP KP FGT DNCWGP 'OCKNNG GKP %JKR KP FGT YGK­GP 'OCKNNG GKPGT -TGW\CTO 5RKV\G CO MCPPGNKGTVGP $CPFTKPI GVYCU CNV XGTUEJOWV\V CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP 5GKFGPDCPF OKV CWHIGNGIVGT $CPFUEJNGKHG <WUCOOGP OKV QTKIKPCNGT 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG HÒT FGP /CTSWKU FG 5CNRGTYKEM XQP FGT UEJQVVKUEJGP -QORCPKG FGU 4GIKOGPVU )CTFG FW %QTRU 2GTICOGPV FCVKGTV 2CTKU CO #WIWUV OKV 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV -ÌPKI .WFYKI :8+++ FQRRGNV IGHCNVGV $9- <- 44 ++ 'WI½PG .QWKU 2JKNKRRG FG 5CNRGTYKEM /CTSWKU XQP )TKIP[ YCT *CWRVOCPP KO -ÌPKINKEJGP -CXCNNGTKG 4GIKOGPV 0CXCTTC UR·VGT KP FGT 5EJQVVKUEJGP -QORCPKG FGU 4GIKOGPVU )CTFG FW %QTRU 0CEJFGO -ÌPKI .WFYKI :8+++ HGKGTNKEJ CO /CK KP 2CTKU GKPIG\QIGP WPF FCU 1TFGPUU[UVGO FGU #PEKGP 4¾IKOG YKGFGT KP -TCHV IGUGV\V YQTFGP YCT MCO GU \W GKPGT 4GKJG XQP 8GTNGKJWPIGP FGU 1TFGPU XQO JN .WFYKI CP 1HHK\KGTG FKG KJO Y·JTGPF FGU 'ZKNU VTGW IGDNKGDGP YCTGP &C LGFQEJ FKG CNVGP 9GTM\GWIG \WT *GTUVGNNWPI FGT 1TFGPUKPUKIPKGP Y·JTGPF FGT 4GXQNWVKQP HCUV XQNNUV·PFKI \GTUVÌTV YQTFGP YCTGP WPF FKG #PHGTVKIWPI PGWGT 9GTM\GWIG GKPKIGT <GKV DGFWTHVG YWTFGP DGUQPFGTU HÒT FKG GTUVGP 8GTNGKJWPIGP 4KVVGTMTGW\G KP OCUUKXGO )QNFIW­ JGTIGUVGNNV &KGUG 5VÒEMG UKPF CWHITWPF FGT PWT UGJT MWT\GP #PHGTVKIWPIU\GKV DGUQPFGTU UGNVGP FGPP EC KO *GTDUV UVCPFGP FKG PGWGP 9GTM\GWIG \WT 8GTHÒIWPI

&GMQTCVKQP FGT .KNKG =&¾EQTCVKQP FW N[U? -TGW\ HÒT FKG &COGP =%TQKZ RQWT NGU FCOGU? Z OO )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK QJPG $CPF $9- 4 + ++

-¤0+)4'+%* &'4 (4#0<15'0 51)'0 ,7.+ /10#4%*+' 1&'4 $ª4)'4-¤0+)67/

'JTGPNGIKQP =.¾IKQP F JQPPGWT? /QFGNN OKV 2QTVTCKV *GKPTKEJU +8 KO #XGTU /GFCKNNQP IG MTGW\VG 6TKMQNQTGP KO 4GXGTU /GFCKNNQP XQP GKPGT .CWDMTQPG ÒDGTJÌJV ņ 4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP 5KNDGT /GFCKNNQPU )QNF GOCKNNKGTV FCU #XGTU /GFCKNNNQP NGKEJV PCEJ WPVGP XGTTWVUEJV OKP CNVG #D RNCV\WPIGP KP FGT ITÒPGP 'OCKNNG CWH FGT 8QTFGTUGKVG WPF FGT DNCWGP 'OCKNNG FGU TÒEMUGKVKIGP /GFCKN NQP 4KPIU CO CNVGP NCPIGP $CPF $9- <- ++ 'ZGORNCT KP WPIGYÌJPNKEJ IWVGT 'TJCNVWPI

203


FRANKREICH

682 (1:1)

,WNK /GFCKNNG =/¾FCKNNG FG ,WKNNGV? 5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG QJPG /CWGTMTQPG 5KNDGT OKV 4CPFRT·IWPI 2#4 .' 41+ &'5 (4#0 #+5 CO CNVGP $CPF OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPF UEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DGHGUVKIV $9- + ++ &CU 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP EC WPF

683

684

685

686

<9'+6' (4#0<¤5+5%*' 4'27$.+-

/GFCKNNG CWH FKG 9CJN XQP .QWKU 0CRQNGQP \WO 2T·UKFGPVGP FGT (TCP\ÌUKUEJGP 4GRWDNKM &WTEJOGUUGT OO $WPVOGVCNN OKV 4GUVXGTUKNDGTWPI OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DGHGUVKIV +++ &CU 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP EC WPF 5V *GNGPC /GFCKNNG =/¾FCKNNG FG 5CKPV *¾N½PG? $TQP\GOGFCKNNG $TQP\G CO CNVGP 1TKIKPCNDCPF OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DG HGUVKIV $9- + ++ &CU 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP EC WPF WPF YWTFG NCWV #PICDG CO 1MVQDGT GTYQTDGP &KG /GFCKNNG YWTFG CO #WIWUV OKV &GMTGV -CKUGT 0CRQNGQPU +++ IGUVKHVGV WO CNNG PQEJ NGDGPFGP /KNK V·TCPIGJÌTKIGP \W GJTGP FKG KP FGP )TQ­GP -TKGIGP XQP DKU WPVGT FGP (CJPGP (TCPMTGKEJU IGM·ORHV JCDGP #NDGTV $CTTG JCV UKG GPVYQTHGP 5KG YCT DGUVKOOV UQYQJN HÒT HTCP\ÌUKUEJG YKG CWEJ CWUN·PFKUEJG /KNKV·TCP IGJÌTKIG FKG KO IGPCPPVGP <GKVTCWO OKPFGUVGPU CP GKPGT 5EJNCEJV CWH FGT 5GKVG (TCPMTGKEJU VGKNIGPQOOGP JCVVGP (ÒT FKG 8GTVGKNWPI KO +PNCPF YCTGP FKG &¾RCTVGOGPVU \WUV·PFKI KO #WUNCPF FKG LGYGKNKIGP )GUCPFVUEJCHVGP 5Q GTJKGNVGP UKG CWEJ DGNIKUEJG FGWVUEJG KVCNKGPKUEJG NWZGODWTIKUEJG PKGFGTN·PFKUEJG RQNPKUEJG RQTVWIKGUKUEJG 5EJYGK\GT WPF URCPKUEJG 8GVGTCPGP 0CEJHQTUEJWPIGP JCDGP GTIGDGP FC­ FKG /GFCKNNG KPUIGUCOV ÒDGT /CN XGTIGDGP YWTFG FCXQP EC CP 0KEJV (TCP\QUGP FCXQP CP 2TGW­GP WPF CP 9ÒTVVGODGTIGT 8IN CWEJ 9GTDC &CPKGN .C /¾FCKNNG FG 5CKPVG *GNGPG +P 5[ODQNGU GV 6TCFKVKQPU 0T 5 H /GFCKNNG HÒT FGP +VCNKGP (GNF\WI =/¾FCKNNG FG NC %CORCIPG F +VCNKG? #WUHÒJTWPI OKV -TQPG 5KNDGT CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP $TWUVDCPF OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPF UEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DGHGUVKIV $9- 44 ++ &CU JGTXQTTCIGPF GTJCNVGPG 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGT /KVVG FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU WPF YWTFG NCWV #PICDG CO 5GRVGODGT KP 2CTKU GTYQTDGP /GFCKNNG HÒT FGP +VCNKGP (GNF\WI =/¾FCKNNG FG NC %CORCIPG F +VCNKG? #WUHÒJTWPI FGHKPK VKXG (QTO QJPG -TQPG #WUICDG OKV 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT 5KIPCVWT $#44' 5KNDGT QJPG $CPF OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DG HGUVKIV $9- C + ++ &CU JGTXQTTCIGPF GTJCNVGPG 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGT /KVVG FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU WPF YWTFG NCWV #PICDG CO &G\GODGT KP 2CTKU GTYQTDGP

204


FRANKREICH

688

690

687 689

691

'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG CP FKG %JKPC 'ZRGFKVKQP =/¾FCKNNG EQOO¾OQTCVKXG FG N 'ZR¾FKVKQP FG %JKPG?

#WUICDG OKV 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT 5KIPCVWT $#44' 5KNDGT CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP DGUVKEMVGP $TWUV DCPF OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGN EJGP DGHGUVKIV $9- C 4 ++ &CU 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP EC WPF WPF YWTFG NCWV #PICDG CO &G\GODGT KP 2CTKU GTYQTDGP

'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG CP FKG /GZKMQ 'ZRGFKVKQP =/¾FCKNNG EQOO¾OQTCVKXG FG N 'ZR¾FKVKQP FW /GZKSWG? #WUICDG OKV 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT 5KIPCVWT $#44' 5KNDGT CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP $TWUV DCPF OKV GKPIGYQDGPGP OGZKMCPKUEJGP #FNGTP OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPF UEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DGHGUVKIV $9- C ++ &CU 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP EC WPF WPF YWTFG NCWV #PICDG CO &G\GODGT KP 2CTKU GTYQTDGP &KG /GFCKNNG YWTFG OKV MCKUGTNKEJGO &GMTGV XQO #WIWUV XQP -CKUGT 0CRQNGQP +++ HÒT CNNG 6GKNPGJOGT FGT HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP 'ZRGFKVKQP PCEJ /GZKMQ XQP DKU IGUVKHVGV &CU 7PVGTPGJOGP FKGPVG FGT 7PVGTUVÒV\WPI 'T\JGT\QI /CZKOKNKCPU XQP ¤UVGTTGKEJ DGK FGT 'TTKEJVWPI FGU /GZKMCPKUEJGP -CKUGTTGKEJGU FCU DKU Y·JTVG .CWV 5QW[TKU 4QNNCPF KP 54 5 WOHC­VG FCU HTCP\ÌUKUEJG 'ZRGFKVKQPUMQTRU DGUVGJGPF CWU (TCP \QUGP UQYKG (TGKYKNNKIGP CWU ¤UVGTTGKEJ WPF CPFGTGP GWTQR·KUEJGP .·PFGTP EC /CPP

&4+66' $+5 (ª0(6' (4#0<¤5+5%*' 4'27$.+- 5'+6

0CVKQPCNGT 1TFGP FGT 'JTGPNGIKQP =1TFTG PCVKQPCN FG NC .¾IKQP F JQPPGWT? UGKV /QFGNN

OKV /CTKCPPG WPF CWH FGO #XGTU /GFCKNNQP FGT 1TFGPUFGMQTCVKQP WPF FGU $TWUVUVGTPU ņ -QOOCPFGWTUFGMQTCVKQP PQTOCNG UQIGP 1TFQPPCP\ #WUHÒJTWPI 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV /GFCKNNQPU )QNF GOCKNNKGTV FKG 'OCKNNG KP FGP 5RKV\GP KPVCMV PWT GKP OKP 'OCKNNG #WUDTWEJ KP GKPGT TÒEMUGKVKIGP .QTDGGTDGGTG CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FGT $CPFUEJNGKHG HTCP\ÌUKUEJG 2WP\G HÒT /KUEJHCDTK MCVG UGKV JCND 'DGTMQRH JCND #FNGTMQRH CWH FGO $CPFTKPI *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G FGT (KTOC #TVJWU $GTVTCPF KP 2CTKU CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP DTCWPGP .GFG TGVWK XQP #TVJWU $GTVTCPF $9- <- +

0CVKQPCNGT 1TFGP FGT 'JTGPNGIKQP =1TFTG PCVKQPCN FG NC .¾IKQP F JQPPGWT? UGKV /QFGNN

OKV /CTKCPPG WPF CWH FGO #XGTU /GFCKNNQP FGT 1TFGPUFGMQTCVKQP WPF FGU $TWUVUVGTPU ņ 1HHK\KGTUFGMQTCVKQP PQTOCNG UQIGP 1TFQPPCP\ #WUHÒJTWPI )QNF GOCKNNKGTV PCJG\W WPUKEJVDCTG *CCTTKUUG GVYCU XGTUEJOWV\V CO QTKIKPCNGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP $TWUVDCPF OKV CWHIGNGIVGT 4Q UGVVG KO UR·VGTGP 'VWK FGT /ÒP\G KP 2CTKU $9- <- + ++

0CVKQPCNGT 1TFGP FGT 'JTGPNGIKQP =1TFTG PCVKQPCN FG NC .¾IKQP F JQPPGWT? UGKV /QFGNN

OKV /CTKCPPG WPF CWH FGO #XGTU /GFCKNNQP FGT 1TFGPUFGMQTCVKQP WPF FGU $TWUVUVGTPU ņ 4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP ,WYGNKGT #WUHÒJTWPI OKV &KCOCPVGP 5KNDGT <GPVTGP OGJTVGKNKI )QNF GOCKNNKGTV FGT $CPFTKPI DGUGV\V OKV HÒPH &KCOCPVTQUGP CWH 'EJVJGKV IGRTÒHV CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF KO .GFGTGVWK FGT (KTOC # /CTKG 5VWCTV KP 2CTKU $9- XCT <- XCT +

205


FRANKREICH

692 (1:1) 694

695

693

0CVKQPCNGT 1TFGP FGT 'JTGPNGIKQP =1TFTG PCVKQPCN FG NC .¾IKQP F JQPPGWT? UGKV /QFGNN

OKV /CTKCPPG WPF CWH FGO #XGTU /GFCKNNQP FGT 1TFGPUFGMQTCVKQP WPF FGU $TWUVUVGTPU ņ /KPKCVWT GKPGT 4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP ,WYGNKGT #WUHÒJTWPI OKV &KCOCPVGP 5KNDGT <GPVTGP

OGJTVGKNKI )QNF GOCKNNKGTV DGUGV\V OKV &KCOCPV 4QUGP CWH 'EJVJGKV IGRTÒHV CO QTKIKPCNGP $·PF EJGP ++

0CVKQPCNGT 1TFGP FGT 'JTGPNGIKQP =1TFTG PCVKQPCN FG NC .¾IKQP F JQPPGWT? UGKV /QFGNN

OKV /CTKCPPG WPF CWH FGO #XGTU /GFCKNNQP FGT 1TFGPUFGMQTCVKQP WPF FGU $TWUVUVGTPU ņ HTÒJG 7TMWPFG \WO 4KVVGT /CTKG #PPG ,GCP 'N\¾CT )KTCTF FG %CKNNGWZ .GWVPCPV KO $CVCKNNQP FGT /QDKNGP )CTFG FGT 5GKPG FCVKGTV 2CTKU CO (GDTWCT OKV 2T·IGUKGIGN WPF 1TKIK PCNWPVGTUEJTKHV YQJN FGU 2T·UKFGPVGP #FQNRJG 6JKGTU 4 ++ 5QNEJ HTÒJG 7TMWPFGP OKV 7PVGTUEJTKHV XQP 2T·UKFGPV 6JKGTU UKPF PKEJV J·WHKI \W HKPFGP #FQNRJG 6JKGTU YCT WPF HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT #W­GP WPF WPF HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT +PPGPOKPKUVGT WPF XQP DKU FGT GTUVG 2T·UKFGPV FGT &TKVVGP (TCP\ÌUKUEJGP 4GRWDNKM 0CVKQPCNGT 1TFGP FGT 'JTGPNGIKQP =1TFTG PCVKQPCN FG NC .¾IKQP F JQPPGWT? UGKV /QFGNN

OKV /CTKCPPG CDGT QJPG CWH FGO #XGTU /GFCKNNQP FGT 1TFGPUFGMQTCVKQP WPF FGU $TWUVUVGTPU ņ 1HHK\KGTUFGMQTCVKQP PQTOCNG UQIGP 1TFQPPCP\ #WUHÒJTWPI #PHGTVKIWPI FGT /ÒP\G KP 2CTKU 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV GOCKNNKGTV FTGK OKP #WUDTÒEJG KP FGT ITÒPGP WPF DNCWGP 'OCKNNG FGT 4ÒEM UGKVG CWH FGT ¤UG \YGK 2WP\GP FGT /ÒP\G CD (ÒNNJQTP CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF OKV CWHIGNGI VGT 4QUGVVG KO IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 1TKIKPCNGVWK $9- <- ++ ++ +++

0CVKQPCNGT 1TFGP FGT 'JTGPNGIKQP =1TFTG PCVKQPCN FG NC .¾IKQP F JQPPGWT? UGKV /QFGNN

OKV /CTKCPPG CDGT QJPG CWH FGO #XGTU /GFCKNNQP FGT 1TFGPUFGMQTCVKQP WPF FGU $TWUVUVGTPU ņ 4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP ,WYGNKGT #WUHÒJTWPI ¯ HKNGVU #TOG OKV 4CPFXGTVKGHWPI 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV GOCKNNKGTV <GPVTGP OGJTVGKNKI CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF KO OKP DGUEJ·FKIVGP .GFGTGVWK FGT (KTOC #WZ 1TFTGU FG %JGXCNGTKG KP 2CTKU $9- XCT <- XCT ++

206


FRANKREICH

698

696 697

0CVKQPCNGT 1TFGP FGT 'JTGPNGIKQP =1TFTG PCVKQPCN FG NC .¾IKQP F JQPPGWT? UGKV /QFGNN

OKV FGO 5VKHVWPIUFCVWO (.14'#. #0 : CWH FGO 4ÒEMUGKVGP /GFCKNNQP FGT 1TFGPUFGMQTCVKQP ņ UGKV 1HHK\KGTUFGMQTCVKQP PQTOCNG UQIGP 1TFQPPCP\ #WUHÒJTWPI 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV GOCKN NKGTV OGJTGTG OKP 'OCKNNG 5EJ·FGP CWH #XGTU WPF 4GXGTU CWH FGT ¤UG 2WP\G HÒT GT 5KNDGT CD

-TCDDG CO MWT\GP $CPFUVÒEM QJPG 4QUGVVG KO IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 1TKIKPCNGVWK FGT (KTOC #TVJWU $GTVTCPF KP 2CTKU $9- XCT <- XCT ++ +++

1TFGP HÒT /KNKV·T 8GTFKGPUV =1TFTG FW /¾TKVG /KNKVCKTG? -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV UVCTMG 'OCKNNG 5EJ·FGP CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FGT ¤UG 2WP\G FGT 2CTKUGT /ÒP\G UGKV QJPG *CNUDCPFTKPI OKV MWT\GO $CPFUVÒEM <- +++ +8

-QNQPKCNOGFCKNNG =/¾FCKNNG %QNQPKCNG? /QFGNN #WUHÒJTWPI OKV PWT XQTFGTUGKVKI IGRT·IVGT $CPFTCJG /GUUKPI XGTUKNDGTV QJPG 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT 5KIPCVWT CO GVYCU CWUIGDNGKEJVGP $TWUVDCPF OKV FTGK /GUUKPI $CPFURCPIGP /#41% /#41% FKGUG OKV IGDTQEJGPGT &WTEJ \WIUURCPIG WPF /#41% ++ +++

699

700

-TGW\ HÒT HTGKYKNNKIGP /KNKV·TFKGPUV =%TQKZ FGU 5GTXKEGU /KNKVCKTGU 8QNQPVCKTGU? #WUICDG HÒT FKG .WHVYCHHG -TGW\ -NCUUG $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF OKV CWHIGNGIVGT 4QUGVVG $9- ++ <KXKNXGTFKGPUV 1TFGP =1TFTG FW /¾TKVG %KXKN? 4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP 5KNDGT GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK <- 44 + ++ &GT FTGKMNCUUKIG -QOOCPFGWT 1HHK\KGT WPF 4KVVGT 1TFGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FCU #TDGKVUYGUGP YWTFG OKV &GMTGV XQO /CK IGUVKHVGV WPF XQO +PPGPOKPKUVGTKWO XGTYCNVGV $GK 5VKHVWPI FGU 0CVKQPCNGP 8GTFKGPUVQTFGPU CO &G\GODGT FWTEJ 5VCCVURT·UKFGPV )GPGTCN %JCTNGU FG )CWNNG YWTFG GT \WO ,CPWCT CWHIG JQDGP &C GT PWT UGJT UGNVGP WPF PWT YGPKI OGJT CNU UGEJU ,CJTG NCPI XGTNKGJGP YWTFG IGJÌTGP UGKPG +PUKIPKGP \W FGP UGNVGPUVGP FGT HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP UQIGP OKPKUVGTKGNNGP 1TFGP YGUJCND UKG CWEJ PWT UGNVGP KO *CPFGN \W HKPFGP UKPF

207


FRANKREICH

702 701

-1.10+#.' #75<'+%*070)'0

5WNVCPCV #PLQWCP CWH FGP -QOQTGP -ÌPKINKEJGT DKU 1TFGP FGU 5VGTPU XQP #PLQWCP =1TFTG

4Q[CN FG N 'VQKNG F #PLQWCP? /QFGNN OKV 41;#. KP FGT $G\GKEJPWPI WPF JGNNDNCWGO $CPF OKV \YGK QTCPIGHCTDGPGP 5GKVGPUVTGKHGP ņ 4KVVGT &GMQTCVKQP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF VNY GOCKN NKGTV GVYCU XGTUEJOWV\V WPVGTJCND FGT -WIGNÌUG RWP\KGTV QJPG $CPF $9- ++ 5WNVCP 5CKFK #DFCNNCJ +++ DKP 5CNKO XQP #PLQWCP EC GKPGT +PUGN FGU #TEJKRGNU FGT -QOQTGP UVKHVGVG FGP \WP·EJUV XKGTMNCUUKIGP )TQ­MTGW\ -QOOCPFGWT OKV WPF QJPG 5VGTP 1HHK\KGT CNNIGOGKPGP 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP KO ,CJT FGT CO ,WPK XQP 5WNVCP 5CKFK 1OCT DKP 5CKFK *CUCP TGQTICPKUKGTV YWTFG &CU $CPF FGU 1TFGPU YCT TQV OKV YGK­GP 4CPFUVTGKHGP /QFGNN 0CEJFGO FKG -QOQTGP UEJQP CO ,CPWCT \WO HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP 2TQVGMVQTCV IGYQTFGP YCTGP YWTFG FGT 1TFGP PWPOGJT HÒPHMNCUUKI )TQ­MTGW\ )TQ­QHHK\KGT -QOOCPFGWT 1HHK\KGT WPF 4KVVGT OKV &GMTGV FGU HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP /KPKUVGTTCVGU XQO 5GRVGODGT \WO HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP -QNQPKCNQTFGP OKV FGP HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP -NCUUGPDG\GKEJPWP IGP PWPOGJT XQO )TQ­MCP\NGT FGT 'JTGPNGIKQP D\Y XQP FGTGP )TQ­MCP\NGK XGTYCNVGV YWTFG GKP PGWGU 1TFGPUDCPF GKPIGHÒJTV JGNNDNCW OKV \YGK QTCPIGHCTDGPGP 5GKVGPUVTGKHGP /QFGNN YWTFG FCU 9QTV 4Q[CN -ÌPKINKEJ KO 0COGP IGUVTKEJGP WPF FKG +PUKIPKGP FGOGPVURTGEJGPF IG·PFGTV /QFGNN IGY·JTVG 2T·UKFGPV %JCTNGU FG )CWNNG 2T·UKFGPV XQP DKU FGP -QOQTGP FKG KPPGTG #WVQPQOKG WPF GTMN·TVG UKEJ FGT 5VCCV WPCDJ·PIKI /KV &GMTGV XQP 2T·UKFGPV FG )CWNNG XQO &G\GODGT YWTFG FGT 1TFGP FCTCWHJKP YKG CNNG -QNQPKCNQTFGP CWHIGJQDGP 2T·UKFGPV 5CÅF /QJCOGF &LQJCT 2T·UKFGPV XQP DKU FGT +UNCOKUEJGP $WPFGUTGRWDNKM FGT -QOQTGP UVKHVGVG FGP 1TFGP OKV &GMTGV 0T 24 PGW /QFGNN

51056+)' *#.$ 70& +01((+<+'..' #75<'+%*070)'0

)QNFGPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP FGT +PVGTPCVKQPCNGP /WUVGT WPF 5RG\KCNKV·VGP #WUUVGNNWPI KP 2CTKU $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF KO 1TKIKPCNGVWK OKV DGUEJ·FKIVGO 8GTUEJNW­ ++

703 (1:1)

/QIQNG 1TFGP =1TFTG FG /QIQNG? 1TFGPUFGMQTCVKQP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV \CJNTGKEJG 'OCKNNG 5RTÒPIG WPF GKPKIG 'OCKNNG 5EJ·FGP QJPG $CPF 4 +8 5GJT UGNVGPG &GMQTCVKQP GKPGU 1TFGPU FGT IGIGP 'PFG FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU XQP GKPGT KP 2CTKU GZKNKGTVGP KPFKUEJGP 2TKP\GUUKP XGTNKGJGP YWTFG

208


FRANKREICH

705

704 (1:1)

704 (1:1)

-#2+6'.5&'-14#6+10'0 70& -+4%*.+%*' #75<'+%*070)'0

-CRKVGNUMTGW\ FGU -CKUGTNKEJGP -CRKVGNU \W 5CKPV &GPKU =%JCRKVTG +OR¾TKCN FG 5CKPV &GPKU? -CRK VGNUMTGW\ FGT -CRKVWNCTG 1TFPWPI )QNF HGKPUV ITCXKGTV WPF \KUGNKGTV GOCKNNKGTV I FTGK -ÒIGN EJGP FGT -TGW\CTO 5RKV\GP GVYCU XGTDQIGP OKP 'OCKNNG #DRNCV\WPIGP KP GKPKIGP -TGW\CTO 5RKV\GP KP FGT ¤UG HTCP\ÌUKUEJG $GUV·VKIWPIURWP\G FGT MNGKPGP )CTCPVKG HÒT )QNF UGKV #FNGTMQRH QJPG $CPF 444 ++ +++ #PHGTVKIWPI KP JÌEJUVGT 3WCNKV·V CWU FGT <GKV FGU DGIKPPGPFGP <YGKVGP -CKUGTTGKEJGU YQJN WO &C FCU -CRKVGN CD ÒDGT PWT -CPQPKMCVG XGTHÒIVG U W KUV FKGUGU -TGW\ XQP CNNGTITÌ­VGT 5GNVGPJGKV WPF FÒTHVG YQJN OKV \W FGP UGNVGPUVGP HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP -CRKVGNUFGMQTCVKQPGP IGJÌTGP &CU -CRKVGN YWTFG XQP -CKUGT 0CRQNGQP + -CKUGT XQP OKV &GMTGV XQO (GDTWCT KP FGT GJGOCNKIGP #DVGKMKTEJG XQP 5CKPV &GPKU GTTKEJVGV &KG #DVGK )TCDNGIG FGT HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP -ÌPKIG YCT Y·JTGPF FGT (TCP\ÌUKUEJGP 4GXQNWVKQP CWHIGJQDGP YQTFGP &CU -CRKVGN XGTHÒIVG \WP·EJUV ÒDGT -CRKVWNCT UVGNNGP FKG OKV $KUEJÌHGP DGUGV\V YWTFGP FKG CWHITWPF KJTGU #NVGTU PKEJV OGJT KP FGT .CIG YCTGP KJT #OV CWU\W ÒDGP &GMCP FGU -CRKVGNU YCT FGT )TQ­ #NOQUGPKGT XQP (TCPMTGKEJ -ÌPKI .WFYKI :8+++ DGUV·VKIVG FCU -CRKVGN WPF HÒIVG \W FGP DKUEJÌHNKEJGP -CRKVWNCTUVGNNGP YGKVGTG -CPQPKMCVG 1TFPWPI JKP\W /KV &GMTGV -CKUGT 0CRQNGQPU +++ -CKUGT XQP DKU XQO /·T\ YWTFG FKG #P\CJN FGT -CPQPKMCVG FGT GTUVGP 1TFPWPI CWH UGEJU 5VGNNGP DGUEJT·PMV FKG FGT \YGKVGP 1TFPWPI CWH CEJV XQP FGPGP GKPGT FKG 5VGNNWPI FGU 2HCTTGTU FGT GJGOCNKIGP #DVGKMKTEJG YCJTPCJO )NGKEJ\GKVKI YWTFG HÒT FKG -CRKVWNCTG GKP -CRKVGNUMTGW\ GKPIGHÒJTV 0CEJFGO FCU #OV FGU )TQ­ #NOQUGPKGTU FWTEJ FKG (TCP\ÌUKUEJG 4GRWDNKM CWHIGJQDGP YQTFGP YCT YWTFG FCU -CRKVGN FGT IGKUVNKEJGP ,WTKUFKMVKQP FGU 'T\DKUEJQHU XQP 2CTKU WPVGTUVGNNV YWTFG FCU -CRKVGN HQTOGNN CWHIGJQ DGP YQOKV XCMCPVG 5VGNNGP PKEJV OGJT PGW DGUGV\V YGTFGP FWTHVGP KUV GU FCPP GTNQUEJGP

-CRKVGNUMTGW\ FGU &QOMCRKVGNU FGU 'T\DKUVWOU -CTVJCIQ KO JGWVKIGP 6WPGUKGP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV HGKPUVG 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK CWH FGO #XGTU /GFCKNNQP &CTUVGNNWPI FGU JN %[RTKCP XQP -CT VJCIQ OKP 'OCKNNG #DRNCV\WPIGP WPF URTÒPIG QJPG $CPF $6* 5 444 ++ -CTVJCIQ KO 4ÌOKUEJGP 4GKEJ GKPUV FKG YKEJVKIUVG 5VCFV 0QTFCHTKMCU DGXQT #NGZCPFTKC FKGUGP 4CPI GKPPCJO YCT *CWRVUVCFV FGT TÌOKUEJGP 2TQXKP\ #HTKEC &KG 5VCFV YCT GKPGT FGT GTUVGP 2N·V\G KP 0QTFCHTKMC CP FGPGP FCU %JTKU VGPVWO KO 8GTNCWHG FGU HTÒJGP ,CJTJWPFGTVU OÌINKEJGTYGKUG CWEJ UEJQP HTÒJGT (W­ HCUUVG &GT GTUVG UKEJGT DG\GWIVG $KUEJQH YCT #ITKRRKPWU XQP -CTVJCIQ FGT WO FKG XQP $KUEJÌHGP DGUWEJVG 5[PQFG XQP -CTVJCIQ GKPDGTKGH $GFGWVGPFUVGT $KUEJQH YCT FGT UQIGP -KTEJGPXCVGT %[RTKCP XQP -CTVJCIQ EC ņ $KUEJQH UGKV &KG $KUEJÌHG XQP -CTVJCIQ PCJOGP CNU 'T\DKUEJÌHG WPF /GVTQRQNKVGP FGT -KTEJGPRTQXKP\ #HTKEC RTQEQPUWNCTKU GKPGP YKEJVKIGP 4CPI KP FGT *KGTCTEJKG FGT PQTFCHTKMCPKUEJGP -KTEJG GKP &WTEJ FKG 'TQDGTWPI WPF <GTUVÌTWPI -CTVJCIQU KO ,CJTG FWTEJ FKG #TCDGT IKPI FCU 'T\DKUVWO YKG FKG IGUCOVG EJTKUVNKEJG -KTEJG FGT 2TQXKP\ #HTKEC WPVGT 'TUV 2CRUV .GQ :+++ 2CRUV UGKV GTTKEJVGVG FCU #RQUVQNKUEJG 8KMCTKCV 6WPKU PGW FCU CO 0QXGODGT \WO /GVTQRQNKVCP 'T\DKUVWO -CTVJCIQ GTJQDGP YWTFG FGUUGP +PJCDGT FGP 'JTGPVKVGN GKPGU 2TKOCU XQP #HTKMC HÒJTVG 'TUVGT 'T\DKUEJQH YWTFG %JCTNGU /CTVKCN -CTFKPCN .CXKIGTKG UGKV -CTFKPCN )TÒPFGT FGT )GUGNNUEJCHV FGT /KUUKQPCTG XQP #HTKMC FGT UQIGP 9GK­GP 8·VGT #O ,WNK YWTFG FCU 'T\DKUVWO XQP 2CRUV 2CWN 8+ TGI UGKV KP FKG 6GTTKVQTKCNRT·NCVWT 6WPKU WOIGYCPFGNV CO /CK XQP 2CRUV ,QJCPPGU 2CWN ++ 2CRUV UGKV \WO $KUVWO WPF XQP 2CRUV $GPGFKMV :8+ IGD 2CRUV XQP DKU CO /CK GTPGWV \WO 'T\DKUVWO GTJQDGP /KV )GPGJOKIWPI 2CRUV .GQU :+++ UVKHVGVG FGT 'T\DKUEJQH XQP %CTVJCIQ %JCTNGU /CTVKCN -CTFKPCN .CXKIGTKG CO /·T\ FCU -CRKVGNUMTGW\ FGU &QOMCRKVGNU FCU DKU \WT 7OYCPFNWPI FGU 'T\DKUVWOU FCU -CRKVGNUMTGW\ FGU &QOMCRKVGNU XQP -CTVJCIQ YCT

8IN )COU 2KWU $QPKHCEKWU 5GTKGU GRKUEQRQTWO 'EENGUKCG ECVJQNKECG 4GIGPUDWTI 5 7PF 5VY %[R TKCP XQP -CTVJCIQ WPF -CTVJCIQ KP .GZKMQP HÒT 6JGQNQIKG WPF -KTEJG (TGKDWTI K $T #WHNCIG $CPF 5 H WPF $CPF $CPF 5 7PF 5VY 6WPKU KP #PPWCTKQ 2QPVKHKEKQ %KVV¯ FGN 8CVKECPQ 5

209


FRANKREICH

708 706

709 (1:1)

707

(4'+/#74'4 415'0-4'7<'4 759

$KLQW GKPGT EJTKUVNKEJGP (TGKOCWTGT .QIG 5KNDGT OKV YGK­GP UGEJU TQVGP WPF HÒPH ITÒPGP 5KOKNK UVGKPGP QJPG $CPF ++

(4#0<¤5+5%*' 25'7&1&;0#56+5%*' 14&'0

8GTFKGPUVQTFGP XQP 5GFCPI =1TFTG FW O¾TKVG FW 5¾FCPI? 4KVVGTMTGW\ $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO $TWUVDCPF 10 ++ /CTKG %JCTNGU &CXKF FG /C[TGPC UGNDUVGTPCPPVGT )TCH XQP 4C[ -QNQPKCNUQNFCV WPF #DGPVGWTGT WPVGTPCJO CD OGJTGTG 'ZRGFKVKQPGP KP FCU +PPGTG +PFQEJKPCU GTTGKEJVG GT FCU 6GTTKVQTKWO FGT /QÅ KP 5¾FCPI FGTGP 1DGTJCWRV GT XQP FC CP DGTCVGPF \WT 5GKVG UVCPF +O ,WPK MTÌPVG GT UKEJ WPVGT FGO 0COGP /CTKG + UGNDUV \WO -ÌPKI XQP 5¾FCPI YCU CDGT YGFGT XQP (TCPMTGKEJ PQEJ FGP CPFGTGP -QNQPKCNO·EJVGP CPGT MCPPV YWTFG #NU -ÌPKI UVKHVGVG GT OGJTGTG 1TFGP UQ CWEJ CO #WIWUV FGP HÒPHMNCUUKIGP 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP XQP 5¾FCPI WPF XGTYGPFGVG KJP CNU /KVVGN WO CWH UGKP -ÌPKITGKEJ CWHOGTMUCO \W OCEJGP WPVGTPCJO GT 4GKUGP PCEJ *QPIMQPI $GNIKGP 2CTKU WPF .QPFQP WO FKG QHHK\KGNNG #PGTMGPPWPI UGKPGT *GTTUEJCHV \W HKPFGP YCU KJO LGFQEJ PKEJV IGNCPI #O #RTKN GTÌHHPGVG KJO KP 5KPICRWT FGT HTCP\ÌUKUEJG -QPUWN FC­ UGKP -ÌPKITGKEJ PKEJV GZKUVKGTG FC­ (TCPMTGKEJ FCU 6GTTKVQTKWO DGCPURTWEJG WPF FC­ GT DGKO 8GTUWEJ KP +PFQEJKPC CP\WNCPFGP HGUVIGPQOOGP YGTFGP YÒTFG 'T DGICD UKEJ KPU 'ZKN CWH FKG +PUGN 6KQOCP KO %JKPGUKUEJGP /GGT YQ GT CO 0QXGODGT WPVGT WPIGMN·TVGP 7OUV·PFGP XGTUVCTD 8IN 00 5 HH

(4#0-4'+%* 0+%*6 +&'06+(+<+'46' (4#0<¤5+5%*' )'5'..5%*#(65 14&'0 70& #75<'+%*070)'0

0KEJV KFGPVKHK\KGTVG *GKNKI )GKUV &COGPFGMQTCVKQP Z OO 5KNDGT OKV \CJNTGKEJGP 5KOKNKUVGKPGP DGUGV\V CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FGT ¤UG OGJTHCEJ RWP\KGTV CO UEJOCNGP 5COV *CNUDCPF OKV %QWNCPV FKGUGT GDGPHCNNU 5KNDGT WPF OKV 5KOKNKUVGKPGP DGUGV\V KO YGUGPVNKEJ UR·VGTGP 'VWK 4 + ++ 5GJT HKNKITCP IGCTDGKVGVG WPF UEJYGT \W FCVKGTGPFG &GMQTCVKQP 'U MCPP UKEJ JKGTDGK FWTEJCWU WO GKPG #PHGTVKIWPI CWU FGO NGV\VGP 3WCTVCN FGU QFGT GTUVGP 3WCTVCN FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU JCPFGNP

0KEJV KFGPVKHK\KGTVG *GKNKI )GKUV &COGPFGMQTCVKQP /KPKCVWT 5KNDGT VNY GOCKNNKGTV CO CNVGP $·PF EJGP ++

710

/+0+#674'0 /+0+#674'052#0)'0 70& -'66%*'0

210

/KPKCVWTGPMGVVEJGP GKPGU 8GVGTCPGP FGU 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIU WPF 1HHK\KGTU KP FGP -QNQPKGP OKV PGW #WU\GKEJPWPIUOKPKCVWTGP 1TFGP FGT 'JTGPNGIKQP /QFGNN 1HHK\KGTUFGMQTCVKQP -TKGIUMTGW\ OKV 2CNOG -TKGIUMTGW\ HÒT CWUY·TVKIG -TKGIUUEJCWRN·V\G =6 1 ' ? OKV \YGK 2CNOGP +PVGTCNNKKGTVG 5KGIGUOGFCKNNG -QODCVVCPVGPMTGW\ -QNQPKCN /GFCKNNG OKV FTGK $CPFURCPIGP /#41% 5#*#4# WPF # 1 ( -TKGIU 'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG 1TFGP FGU &TC EJGP XQP #PPCO 1HHK\KGTUFGMQTCVKQP 5KNDGTPG #MCFGOKUEJG 2CNOGP #O )QNFGPGP -GVVEJGP OKV \YGK 0CFGNP + ++


GRIECHENLAND

711

-1081.76'

-QPXQNWV XQP XGTUEJKGFGPGP /GFCKNNGP WPF ,GVQPU 8QTYKGIGPF FGT -QPUVKVWVKQPGNNGP /QPCTEJKG CD FGT 'TUVGP 4GRWDNKM FGU 'TUVGP -CKUGTTGKEJU WPF FGT 4GUVCWTCVKQP CWH 0CRQNGQP $QPCRCTVG FGP -ÌPKI XQP 4QO .WFYKI :8+++ FGP &WE FG $GTT[ WPF .QWKU 0CRQNGQP $QPCRCTVG OKV WPVGT UEJKGFNKEJGP &WTEJOGUUGTP \YKUEJGP WPF OO WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJG /GVCNNG FTGK IGJGPMGNV KP XGT UEJKGFGPGP 'TJCNVWPIGP ++ ++ +++

713 (1:1)

712 (1:1)

)4+'%*'0.#0& -¤0+)4'+%* 4')+'470) -¤0+) 16615

-ÌPKINKEJGT 'TNÌUGT 1TFGP =Βασιλικον Ταγμα Αριστειας τον Σοτηροσ? /QFGNN OKV FGO 2QT VTCKV -ÌPKI 1VVQU KO /GFCKNNQP ņ 5KNDGTPGU -TGW\ 4KVVGTMTGW\ 5KNDGT /GFCKNNQPU )QNF GOCKNNKGTV OKP #DRNCV\WPI KO TÒEMUGKVKIGP /GFCKNNQP CO CNVGP CDGT YQJN GVYCU UR·VGTGP $TWUVDCPF &C\W )QNFGPG /GFCKNNG HÒT NCPIGP &KGPUV WPF IWVG (ÒJTWPI XGTIQNFGV WPF -TKGIUGTKPPGTWPIU /GFCKNNG LGYGKNU CP $·PFGTP $9- <- + ++ ++ $GTGKVU CO ,WNK XQP FGT 2TQXKUQTKUEJGP )TKGEJKUEJGP 4GIKGTWPI IGUVKHVGV MCO GT GTUV PCEJ UGKPGT 'TPGWG TWPI FWTEJ -ÌPKI 1VVQ + CWU FGO *CWUG 9KVVGNUDCEJ \WT 8GTNGKJWPI 0CEJ FGT #DFCPMWPI 1VVQU + WPF FGT 9CJN )GQTIU + 2TKP\ XQP &·PGOCTM \WO -ÌPKI GTPGWGTVG FKGUGT FGP 1TFGP &GT HÒPHMNCUUKIG CNNIGOGKPG 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP YWTFG PCEJ 'TTKEJVWPI FGT 4GRWDNKM CWHIGJQDGP CDGT PCEJ FGT 9KGFGTGKPHÒJTWPI FGT /QPCT EJKG YKGFGT GTTKEJVGV YWTFG FGT 1TFGP XQP FGT 4GRWDNKM ÒDGTPQOOGP

8GTHCUUWPIU /GFCKNNG 'KUGTPGT 5VGTP HÒT #VJGP 'KUGP GVYCU MQTTQFKGTV QJPG $CPF $9- 4) 5)4 ++ &CU 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP EC WPF

211


GRIECHENLAND

715

714

(ZWEITES) KÖNIGREICH (1863-1924)

Königlicher Erlöser-Orden [Βασιλικον Ταγμα Αριστειας τον Σοτηροσ]. /QFGNN OKV FGO $KNF PKU FGU 'TNÌUGTU ņ WPF )QNFGPGU -TGW\ 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\ #PHGTVKIWPI XQP .GOCKVTG KP 2CTKU )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I HGKPUVG 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK -TQPG OKV )QNFRCVKPC CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP $TWUVDCPF $9- <- + ++ .CWV 6C\GFCMKU KP 6< 5 H N·­V UKEJ FCU -TGW\ FGO *GTUVGNNGT .GOCKVTG KP 2CTKU \WQTFPGP

(DRITTES) KÖNIGREICH (1935-1973)

Königlicher Orden König Georgs I. [Βασιλικον Ταγμα Αριστειας τον Γεωργιου Α']. -QOOCP FGWTUMTGW\ #WUHÒJTWPI OKV UGRCTCV CWHIGNGIVGT -TQPG KO #XGTU /GFCKNNQP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKN NKGTV QJPG *CNUDCPF $9- <- ++ -ÌPKI -QPUVCPVKP + UVKHVGVG FGP HÒPHMNCUUKIGP 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP CO ,CPWCT KP 'TKPPGTWPI CP UGKPGP 8CVGT -ÌPKI )GQTI + /KV 'TTKEJVWPI FGT 4GRWDNKM YWTFG FGT 1TFGP CWHIGJQDGP LGFQEJ DGK FGT 9GKFGTGKPHÒJ TWPI FGT /QPCTEJKG YKGFGT GTTKEJVGV 'T YWTFG HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG KO -CORH HÒT FCU 8CVGTNCPF OKV 5EJYGTVGTP QFGT CWH FGO )GDKGV FGT ÌHHGPVNKEJGP 8GTYCNVWPI FGT .KVGTCVWT WPF -WPUV FGT 0CVKQPCNÌMQPQOKG WPF 2QNKVKM FGU UQ\KCNGP 9KTMGPU WPF FGT 9KUUGPUEJCHV XGTNKGJGP YWTFG GT XQP FGT /KNKV·TTGIKGTWPI CDIGUEJCHHV

716

Königlicher Orden König Georgs I. [Bασιλικον Ταγμα Αριστειας τον Γεωργιου Α']. )QNFGPGU -TGW\ 4KVVGT #WUHÒJTWPI OKV UGRCTCV CWHIGNGIVGT -TQPG KO #XGTU /GFCKNNQP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC -GNCVNG YQJN KP #VJGP OKV IQNFHCTDGPGO /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI )GQTIU ++ TGI XQP DKU WPF UGKV $9- <- ++ Phönix-Orden [Ταγμα Αριστεβας τον Φοβνιχος]. /QFGNN QJPG $WEJUVCDGP CWH FGP -TGW\CTOGP ņ $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­QHHK\KGT 5KNDGT FKG UKNDGTPG #WHNCIG CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG OKV XKGT *QJNPKGVGP DGHGUVKIV CWH 8QTFGT WPF 4ÒEMUGKVG 4GUVG XQP 5KNDGTRWV\RCUVG CP 0CFGN FKGUG OKV 5KNDGT RWP\G OKV \YGK UGKVNKEJGP (KZKGTJCMGP $9- <- ++ /WVOC­NKEJ HTCP\ÌUKUEJG *GTUVGNNWPI )GUVKHVGV XQP FGT ITKGEJKUEJGP 4GRWDNKM CO /CK CNU HÒPHMNCUUKIGT CNNIGOGKPGT 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP YCT GT \WP·EJUV #WUN·PFGTP XQTDGJCNVGP 0CEJ 9KGFGTGKPHÒJTWPI FGT /QPCTEJKG YWTFG GT CO ,CPWCT KP GKPGP CWEJ HÒT )TKGEJGP \WI·PINKEJGTGP 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP WOIGHQTOV +P WPF CDIG·PFGTVGT (QTO DGUVGJV FGT 1TFGP PQEJ JGWVG

212

717


GRIECHENLAND

718

719

720 (1:1,5)

721

Phönix-Orden [Ταγμα Αριστεβας τον Φοβνιχος]. /QFGNN QJPG $WEJUVCDGP CWH FGP -TGW\CTOGP ņ -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\ #WUHÒJTWPI OKV /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI )GQTIU ++ CWH FGO 4GXGTU ņ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO PCJG\W XQNNUV·PFKI \GTUEJNKUUGPGP *CNUDCPF $9- <- ++ )GUVKHVGV XQP FGT ITKGEJKUEJGP 4GRWDNKM CO /CK CNU HÒPHMNCUUKIGT CNNIGOGKPGT 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP YCT FKGUGT \WP·EJUV #WUN·PFGTP XQTDGJCNVGP 0CEJ 9KGFGTGKPHÒJTWPI FGT /QPCTEJKG YWTFG GT CO ,CPWCT KP GKPGP CWEJ HÒT )TKGEJGP \WI·PINKEJGTGP 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP WOIGHQTOV +P WPF CDIG·PFGTVGT (QTO DGUVGJV FGT 1TFGP PQEJ JGWVG Phönix-Orden [Ταγμα Αριστεβας τον Φοβνιχος]. /QFGNN QJPG $WEJUVCDGP CWH FGP -TGW\CTOGP ņ -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\ #WUHÒJTWPI OKV /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI 2CWNU CWH FGO 4GXGTU ņ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV GVYCU XGTUEJOWV\V CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC 5 #PCIPCQUVQRQWNQU KP #VJGP $9- <- ++

Ehrenzeichen zum Großen Preis der Internationalen Messe von Thessaloniki DET [ΔΕΘ] von 1953 [ΜΕΓΑ ΒΡΑΒΕΙΟΝ ΔΙΕΘΝΗΣ ΕΚΘΕΣΙΣ ΘΕΣΣΑΛΟΝΙΚΕΣ]. Z OO $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO *CNUDCPF CWHIGNGIV CWH 2T·UGPVCVKQPUMKUUGP ++ &CU -TGW\ \GKIV FGP JN &GOGVTKQU XQP 6JGUUCNQPKMK Ŏ WO FGP 2CVTQP FGT 5VCFV &KG +PVGTPCVKQPCNG /GUUG 6JGUUCNQPKMK KUV GKPG -QPUWOIÒVGTOGUUG FKG UGKV KO *GTDUV UVCVVHKPFGV WPF FKG ITÌ­VG /GUUGXGTCPUVCNVWPI )TKGEJGPNCPFU 5GKV FGP GT ,CJTGP YKTF UKG UVGVU XQO /KPKUVGTRT·UKFGPVGP GTÌHHPGV

(DRITTE) REPUBLIK (1973-1974)

Phönix-Orden [Ταγμα Αριστεβας τον Φοβνιχος]. /QFGNN QJPG $WEJUVCDGP CWH FGP -TGW\CTOGP WPF QJPG -TQPG QJPG TÒEMUGKVKIG /GFCKNNQPKPUEJTKHV ņ )QNFGPGU -TGW\ 1HHK\KGT 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FGU WPVGTGP -TGW\CTOU 5KNDGTRWP\G WPF 2WP\G CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP UKNDGTHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC -QPUVCPVKPK FGU $9- XCT <- RR ++

213


GROSSBRITANNIEN

722

723 (1:1)

8'4'+0+)6'5 -¤0+)4'+%* 810 )4155$4+6#00+'0 70& 014&+4.#0&

Der Sehr Ehrenwerte Bath-Orden [The Most Honourable Order of the Bath]. /QFGNN UGKV \KXKNG #DVGKNWPI $TWUVUVGTP \WO 4KVVGT -QOOCPFGWT =-PKIJV %QOOCPFGT ņ - % $ ? 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV WPF TGRGTEKGTV /GFCKNNQP )QNF VNY ITCXKGTV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CP )QNFGPGT 0CFGN $9- /; <- + ++ -ÌPKI )GQTI + CWU FGO *CWUG *CPPQXGT TKGH FGP CNU 'TPGWGTWPI GKPGU ·NVGTGP $CVJ 1TFGPU FGT UEJQP XQP -ÌPKI *GKPTKEJ +8 IGUVKHVGV YQTFGP YCT OKV 2CVGPV XQO /CK CNU PGWGP 1TFGP YKGFGT KPU .GDGP YWTFG FGT WTURTÒPINKEJ GKPMNCUUKIG 1TFGP FWTEJ 2TKP\ 4GIGPV )GQTI FGO UR·VGTGP -ÌPKI )GQTI +8 KP GKPG \KXKNG WPF KP GKPG OKNKV·TKUEJG #DVGKNWPI OKV WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP +PUKIPKGP OKV LGYGKNU FTGK -NCUUGP )TQ­MTGW\ 4KVVGT -QOOCPFGWT 4KVVGT WPF )GHQNIUOCPP WPVGTVGKNV &KG $GNGKJWPI OKV FGP DGKFGP JÌEJUVGP -NCUUGP HÒJTV HÒT $TKVGP

WPF HTÒJGT CWEJ HÒT -CPCFKGT #WUVTCNKGT 0GWUGGN·PFGT GVE FKG #WHPCJOG KP FKG 4KVVGTUEJCHV OKV UKEJ OKV FGO 4GEJV FKG #PTGFG 5KT QFGT &COG \W HÒJTGP &KG \KXKNG #DVGKNWPI YKTF HÒT JGTXQTTCIGPFG \KXKNG 8GTFKGPUVG XQTYKGIGPF KO $GTGKEJ FGT &KRNQOCVKG XGTNKGJGP FKG OKNKV·TKUEJG HÒT JGTXQTTCIGPFG OKNKV·TKUEJG 8GTFKGPUVG (TCWGP YGTFGP UGKV KP FGP 1TFGP CWHIGPQOOGP #WUN·PFKUEJG 5VCCVQDGTJ·WRVGT GTJCNVGP UQHGTP GU UKEJ PKEJV WO DGHTGWPFGVG /QPCTEJGP JCPFGNV FCU )TQ­MTGW\ FGT \KXKNGP #DVGKNWPI XGTNKGJGP 5KGJG CWEJ 4KUM ,COGU % 6JG *KUVQT[ QH 6JG 1TFGT QH VJG $CVJ CPF KVU KPUKIPKC .QPFQP 7PF )CNNQYC[ 2GVGT 6JG 1TFGT QH VJG $CVJ %JKEJGUVGT

Der Sehr Ehrenwerte Bath-Orden [The Most Honourable Order of the Bath]. /QFGNN UGKV \KXKNG #DVGKNWPI &GMQTCVKQP \WO -QORCIPQP =%QORCPKQP % $ ? #WUICDG $TWUVFGMQTCVKQP KP )QNF )QNF I OKV $CPF VNY HGKPUV \KUGNKGTV OGJTGTG 2WP\GP W C *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G 4) FGT (KTOC 4 5 )CTTCTF KP .QPFQP )QNFRWP\GP HÒT EV WPF .QPFQPGT ,CJTGURWP\G / HÒT CP $CPFTCJG )QNF CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP $TWUVDCPF OKV $CPFUEJPCNNG )QNF WPF 6TCIGURCPIG )QNF KO CNVGP 1TKIKPCNGVWK XQP )CTTCTF $9- /; <- ++ (TÒJGU 'ZGORNCT CWU FGT GTUVGP &GMCFG FGT 4GIKGTWPI XQP -ÌPKIKP 8KMVQTKC

724 (1:1)

214

Der Sehr Ehrenwerte Bath-Orden [The Most Honourable Order of the Bath]. /QFGNN UGKV \KXKNG #DVGKNWPI &GMQTCVKQP \WO -QORCIPQP =%QORCPKQP % $ ? #WUICDG &GMQTCVKQP KP )QNF )QNF VNY HGKPUV \KUGNKGTV I OGJTGTG 2WP\GP W C *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G ,) FGT (KTOC )CTTCTF KP .QPFQP )QNFRWP\GP HÒT EV -QRHRWP\G FGT -ÌPKIKP 8KMVQTKC WPF .QPFQPGT ,CJTGURWP\G * HÒT \WT 6TCIGYGKUG CO *CNU MQPHGMVKQPKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP NCPIGP CNVGP *CNUDCPF $9- /; <- ++


GROSSBRITANNIEN

725 (1:1)

&GT 5GJT 'JTGPYGTVG $CVJ 1TFGP =6JG /QUV *QPQWTCDNG 1TFGT QH VJG $CVJ? /QFGNN UGKV OKNKV·TKUEJG #DVGKNWPI -NGKPQF \WT -QNNCPG D\Y \WO )TQ­MTGW\ =-PKIJV )TCPF %TQUU ) % $ ? )QNF VNY ITCXKGTV WPF \KUGNKGTV GOCKNNKGTV I OGJTGTG OKP 'OCKNNG %JKRU KP FGT 6TCIGÌUG OGJTHCEJ RWP\KGTV W C OKV *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G +' -QRHRWP\G )GQTIU +8 XQP DKU WPF ,CJTGURWP\G J HÒT QJPG $CPF $9- /; <- 4 ++ 5GJT HTÒJG #PHGTVKIWPI CWU FGO GTUVGP 8KGTVGN FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU KP JGTXQTTCIGPFGT 'TJCNVWPI &KG $GNGKJWPI OKV FKGUGT -NCUUG HÒJTVG HÒT $TKVGP +PFGT -CPCFKGT #WUVTCNKGT 0GWUGGN·PFGT GVE FKG 8GTNGKJWPI FGU RGTUÌPNKEJGP #FGNU FWTEJ FKG #WHPCJOG KP FKG 4KVVGTUEJCHV OKV UKEJ OKV FGO 4GEJV FKG #PTGFG 5KT \W HÒJTGP

726 (1:1)

&GT 5GJT 'JTGPYGTVG $CVJ 1TFGP =6JG /QUV *QPQWTCDNG 1TFGT QH VJG $CVJ? /QFGNN UGKV OKNKV·TKUEJG #DVGKNWPI IGUVKEMVGT $TWUVUVGTP \WO 4KVVGT -QOOCPFGWT =-PKIJV %QOOCPFGT - % $ ? 5VKEMGTGK KP 5KNDGTNCCP WPF RCKNNGVVGP )QNFNCCP XGTIQNFGV WPF 5GKFG $GHGUVKIWPIUUEJNCWHGP DKU CWH GKPG GTJCNVGP CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTGVKMGVV FGT (KTOC .GYKU KP .QPFQP GVYCU IGFWPMGNV $9- /; <- ++ +P FKGUGT GTUVMNCUUKIGP 'TJCNVWPI PKEJV J·WHKI \W HKPFGP &KG $GNGKJWPI OKV FKGUGT -NCUUG HÒJTVG HÒT $TKVGP +PFGT -CPCFKGT #WUVTCNKGT 0GWUGGN·PFGT GVE FKG 8GTNGKJWPI FGU RGTUÌPNKEJGP #FGNU FWTEJ FKG #WHPCJOG KP FKG 4KVVGTUEJCHV OKV UKEJ OKV FGO 4GEJV FKG #PTGFG 5KT \W HÒJTGP

215


GROSSBRITANNIEN

728

729

&GT 5GJT 'JTGPYGTVG $CVJ 1TFGP =6JG /QUV *QPQWTCDNG 1TFGT QH VJG $CVJ? /QFGNN UGKV OKNKV·TKUEJG #DVGKNWPI NGGTGU 'VWK =GORV[ ECUG? HÒT FKG +PUKIPKGP \WO 4KVVGT -QOOCPFGWT =-PKIJV %QOOCPFGT - % $ ? FGU -TQPLWYGNKGTU )CTTCTF KP .QPFQP ++

&GT 5GJT 'JTGPYGTVG $CVJ 1TFGP =6JG /QUV *QPQWTCDNG 1TFGT QH VJG $CVJ? /QFGNN UGKV OKNKV·TKUEJG #DVGKNWPI &GMQTCVKQP \WO -QORCIPQP =%QORCPKQP % $ /KN[? #WUICDG *CNUFGMQTC VKQP KP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV ņ UGKV 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV /GFCKNNQP #WHNCIGP )QNF GOCKNNKGTV CO MWT\GP XGTP·JVGP $CPF KO CNVGP CDIGPWV\VGP PKEJV OGJT UEJNKG­GPFGP 1TKIKPCNGVWK FGT (KTOC )CTTCTF KP .QP FQP $9- /; <- ++

&GT UGJT #WUIG\GKEJPGVG 1TFGP XQO JN /KEJCGN WPF XQO JN )GQTI =6JG /QUV &KUVKPIWKUJGF 1T FGT QH 5V /KEJCGN CPF 5V )GQTIG? &GMQTCVKQP \WO -QORCIPQP =%QORCPKQP % / ) ? #WUICDG

*CNUFGMQTCVKQP KP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV ņ UGKV 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV /GFCKNNQPU )QNF GOCKNNKGTV 'OCKN NGOCNGTGK CO NCPIGP 1TKIKPCNJCNUDCPF KO 1TKIKPCNGVWK FGT (KTOC )CTTCTF KP .QPFQP $9- /; <- + ++ )GUVKHVGV CO #RTKN XQO 2TKP\TGIGPVGP )GQTI FGO UR·VGTGP -ÌPKI )GQTI +8 KO 0COGP UGKPGU 8CVGTU -ÌPKI )GQTI +++ \WT #WU\GKEJPWPI XQP $ÒTIGTP FGT UGKV \W )TQ­DTKVCPPKGP IGJÌTGPFGP +QPKUEJGP +PUGNP WPF /CNVCU 5EJQP YWTFG FKG 8GTNGKJWPI FGU 1TFGPU CWH FCU ICP\G 'ORKTG CWUIGYGKVGV (TCWGP YGTFGP GTUV UGKV KP FGP 1TFGP CWHIGPQOOGP *GWVG YKTF FGT 1TFGP XQT CNNGO CP &KRNQOCVGP WPF $GCOVG KO CWUY·TVKIGP &KGPUV UQYKG CP 2GTUQPGP FKG YGTVXQNNG &KGPUVG KP FGP %QOOQPYGCNVJ .·PFGTP IGNGKUVGV JCDGP XGTNKGJGP &KG $GNGKJWPI OKV FKGUGT -NCUUG HÒJTV HÒT $TKVGP WPF HTÒJGT CWEJ HÒT -CPCFKGT #WUVTCNKGT 0GWUGGN·PFGT GVE FKG #WHPCJOG KP FKG 4KVVGTUEJCHV OKV UKEJ OKV FGO 4GEJV FKG #PTGFG 5KT QFGT &COG \W HÒJTGP <W FGP )TQ­MTGW\ +PUKIPKGP IGJÌTGP CWEJ GKP 1TFGPUOCPVGN WPF GKP *WV 8IN CWEJ )CNNQYC[ 2GVGT 6JG 1TFGT QH 5V /KEJCGN CPF 5V )GQTIG .QPFQP

730

216

731

732

&GT UGJT #WUIG\GKEJPGVG 1TFGP XQO JN /KEJCGN WPF XQO JN )GQTI =6JG /QUV &KUVKPIWKUJGF 1T FGT QH 5V /KEJCGN CPF 5V )GQTIG? &GMQTCVKQP \WO -QORCIPQP =%QORCPKQP % / ) ? #WUICDG

*CNUFGMQTCVKQP KP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV ņ UGKV 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV /GFCKNNQPU )QNF GOCKNNKGTV 'OCKN NGOCNGTGK CO MWT\GP *CNUDCPF #DUEJPKVV $9- /; <- + ++

&GT 5GJT 'TJCDGPG 1TFGP FGU 5VGTPU XQP +PFKGP =6JG /QUV 'ZCNVGF 1TFGT QH VJG 5VCT QH +PFKC? /KPKCVWT GKPGT &GMQTCVKQP \WO -QORCIPQP =%QORCPKQP % 5 + ? #WUICDG $TWUVFGMQTCVKQP ņ DKU )QNF VNY GOCKNNKGTV 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK 5KNDGT OGJTGTG PCJG\W WPUKEJVDCTG *CCTTKUUG KO /GFCKN NQP (GNF CP $CPFTCJG OKV $·PFEJGP WPF 6TCIGURCPIG /; ++

&GT 5GJT *GTXQTTCIGPFG 1TFGP FGU +PFKUEJGP 4GKEJGU =6JG /QUV 'OKPGPV 1TFGT QH VJG +PFKCP 'ORKTG? &GMQTCVKQP \WO -QORCIPQP =%QORCPKQP % + ' ? /QFGNN CO *CNUDCPF ņ CD )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I QJPG *CNUDCPF $9- /; <- + ++


GROSSBRITANNIEN

733

734 (1:1)

&GT 5GJT *GTXQTTCIGPFG 1TFGP FGU +PFKUEJGP 4GKEJGU =6JG /QUV 'OKPGPV 1TFGT QH VJG +PFKCP 'ORKTG? &GMQTCVKQP \WO -QORCIPQP =%QORCPKQP % + ' ? /QFGNN CO *CNUDCPF ņ CD )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I MCWO UKEJVDCTG 'OCKNNG #DRNCV\WPIGP KO 4GKEJUCRHGN FGT -TQPG CO MWT\GP PGWGP *CNUDCPF #DUEJPKVV $9- /; <- ++

&GT 5GJT *GTXQTTCIGPFG 1TFGP FGU +PFKUEJGP 4GKEJGU =6JG /QUV 'OKPGPV 1TFGT QH VJG +PFKCP 'ORKTG? /KPKCVWT FGT &GMQTCVKQP \WO -QORCIPQP =%QORCPKQP % + ' ? /QFGNN CD )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I QJPG $·PFEJGP /; + ++

735 736

737

&GT 5GJT $GFGWVGPFG 1TFGP FGU $TKVKUEJGP 'ORKTGU =6JG /QUV 'ZEGNNGPV 1TFGT QH VJG $TKVKUJ 'ORKTG? /QFGNN OKV 2QTVTCKV -ÌPKI )GQTIU 8 WPF -ÌPKIKP /CT[U KO /GFCKNNQP ņ UGKV -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\ =%QOOCPFGT % $ ' ? 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO \KXKNGP 'KPMPÌRH *CNU DCPF $9- /; <- + ++ &GT HÒPHMNCUUKIG CNNIGOGKPG 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP YWTFG CO ,WPK XQP -ÌPKI )GQTI 8 IGUVKHVGV FKG )GUVCNVWPI UGKPGT +PUKIPKGP FWTEJ -ÌPKI )GQTI 8+ GVYCU XGT·PFGTV 8QP #PHCPI CP YWTFGP CWEJ (TCWGP KP FGP 1TFGP CWHIGPQOOGP &KG $GNGKJWPI OKV FGP DGKFGP JÌEJUVGP -NCUUGP HÒJTV JGWVG PWT PQEJ HÒT $TKVGP HTÒJGT CWEJ HÒT -CPCFKGT #WUVTCNKGT 0GWUGGN·PFGT GVE FKG 8GTNGKJWPI FGU RGTUÌPNKEJGP #FGNU FWTEJ FKG #WHPCJOG KP FKG 4KVVGT UEJCHV OKV UKEJ OKV FGO 4GEJV FKG #PTGFG 5KT QFGT &COG \W HÒJTGP &GO 1TFGP CHHKNKKGTV KUV FKG /GFCKNNG FGU $TKVKUEJGP 'ORKTGU 8IN CWEJ )CNNQYC[ 2GVGT 6JG 1TFGT QH VJG $TKVKUJ 'ORKTG .QPFQP &GT 5GJT $GFGWVGPFG 1TFGP FGU $TKVKUEJGP 'ORKTGU =6JG /QUV 'ZEGNNGPV 1TFGT QH VJG $TKVKUJ 'ORKTG? /QFGNN OKV 2QTVTCKV -ÌPKI )GQTIU 8 WPF -ÌPKIKP /CT[U KO /GFCKNNQP ņ UGKV -TGW\ FGT /KVINKGFGT =/GODGT / $ ' ? 5KNDGT CO \KXKNGP $TWUVDCPF \WUCOOGP OKV -CTVG OKV *KP YGKUGP \WT 6TCIGYGKUG KO QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP DG\GKEJPGVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT -ÌPKINKEJGP /ÒP\G KP .QPFQP $9- /; <- ++

$CTQPGV &GMQTCVKQP =6JG $CTQPGV U $CFIG? 'JTGP\GKEJGP \WO $CTQPGV FGU 8GTGKPKIVGP -ÌPKITGKEJU

OKV 4QUGP &KUVGNDNÒVGP WPF -NGGDN·VVGTP )QNF VNY GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG )TCXWT .CE[ QH #ORVQP WPF OGJTGTG 2WP\GP W C *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G 4) FGT (KTOC 4 5 )CTTCTF KP .QPFQP )QNFRWP\GP HÒT EV WPF .QPFQPGT ,CJTGURWP\G Q HÒT CO *CNUDCPF KO 1TKIKPCNGVWK $9- /; 4 ++ &KG $CTQPGVKG XQP .CE[ \W #ORVQP KP 5WHHQNM YWTFG CO ,WPK WPVGT -ÌPKI )GQTI 8 GTTKEJVGV HÒT 5KT 2KGTTG .CE[ FGP GTUVGP $CTQPGV 'T YCT )TÒPFGT FGT $TKVKUJ 6TWUVU #UUQEKCVKQP WPF FGU $TKVKUJ 5JCTGJQNFGTU 6TWUV UQYKG 8QTUKV\GPFGT FGT $ÌTUG XQP $KTOKPIJCO &GT\GKVKIGT +PJCDGT FGU 6KVGNU KUV FGT XKGTVG $CTQPGV 5KT 2CVTKEM $TKCP (KPWECPG .CE[ IGD

217


GROSSBRITANNIEN

738 739

&GT 5GJT 'JTYÒTFKIG 1TFGP XQO *QURKVCN FGU JN ,QJCPPGU \W ,GTWUCNGO =6JG /QUV 8GPGTCDNG 1TFGT QH VJG *QURKVCN QH 5CKPV ,QJP QH ,GTWUCNGO? -TGW\ FGT 1HHK\KGTG HÒT &COGP &WTEJOGUUGT I 5KNDGT GOCKNNKGTV CP &COGPUEJNGKHG OKV 5KEJGTWPIUMGVVEJGP /; &C\W /KPKCVWT FGT &GMQTC VKQP HÒT &KGPGPFG $TÒFGT /QFGNN EC 5KNDGT GOCKNNKGTV CO $·PFEJGP ++

1TFGP HÒT CWUIG\GKEJPGVGP &KGPUV =&KUVKPIWKUJGF 5GTXKEG 1TFGT? /QFGNN OKV /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI )GQTIU 8 ņ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV /GFCKNNQPU )QNF GOCKNNKGTV 'OCKNNG 5EJCFGP KO (GNF FGU #XGTU /GFCKNNQPU 4GXGTU /GFCKNNQP GKPIGFTÒEMV GVYCU XGTUEJOWV\V CP 4CJGURCPIG OKV $TWUVDCPF WPF 6TCIGURCPIG $9- /; <- +++

741 740 Rv

218

742

743

1TFGP HÒT CWUIG\GKEJPGVGP &KGPUV =&KUVKPIWKUJGF 5GTXKEG 1TFGT? /QFGNN OKV /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI )GQTIU 8 ņ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV /GFCKNNQPU )QNF GOCKNNKGTV #XGTU /GFCKNNQP GVYCU XGT UEJOWV\V WPF GKPIGFTÒEMV CP 4CJGURCPIG #WHJ·PIJCMGP GTI·P\V OKV $TWUVDCPF WPF 6TCIGURCPIG $9- /; <- +++

4GKEJU &KGPUV /GFCKNNG =+ORGTKCN 5GTXKEG /GFCN? /QFGNN UVGTPHÌTOKI OKV /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI )GQTI 8 ņ $TQP\G /GFCKNNQP WPF -TQPG 5KNDGT VNY GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG +PJC DGTITCXWT 5COWGN 9 6 .GYVJYCKVG QJPG $TWUVDCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP FWPMGNITÒPGP IQNFHCTDGP DG FTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC 'NMKPIVQP %Q KP .QPFQP $9- /; ++

-ÌPKINKEJGU 4QVGU -TGW\ =4Q[CN 4GF %TQUU? /QFGNN CWH FGO 4GXGTU /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI )GQTIU 8 ņ -ÌPKINKEJGU 4QVGU -TGW\ -NCUUG CD 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CP &COGPUEJNGKHG KO QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC )CTTCTF %Q KP .QP FQP $9- /; ++

/KNKV·T -TGW\ =/KNKVCT[ %TQUU? /QFGNN OKV /QPQITCOO )4+ -ÌPKI )GQTIU 8 ņ 5KNDGT CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK $9- /; ++


GROSSBRITANNIEN

744

745

/KNKV·T -TGW\ =/KNKVCT[ %TQUU? /QFGNN OKV /QPQITCOO )4+ -ÌPKI )GQTIU 8 ņ HTCP\ÌUKUEJG #PHGTVKIWPI =(TGPEJ OCPWHCEVWTKPI ? 5KNDGT CWH FGT ¤UG PKEJV KFGPVKHK\KGTVG HTCP\ÌUKUEJG *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G WPF HTCP\ÌUKUEJG 2WP\G HÒT GT 5KNDGT UGKV 'DGTMQRH CO $TWUVDCPF + ++

/KNKV·T /GFCKNNG =/KNKVCT[ /GFCN? /QFGNN WPIGMTÌPVGU 2QTVTCKV -ÌPKI )GQTIU 8 ņ 5KNDGT OKV 4CPFPCOGP %RN # ) )#52#4& & # % %#0 ( # QJPG $CPF KO PKEJV MQTTGMVGP 'VWK $9- /; ++

746 (1:1)

/KNKV·TKUEJG #NNIGOGKPG (GNF\WIU /GFCKNNG =/KNKVCT[ )GPGTCN 5GTXKEG /GFCN? 5KNDGT OKV 5VGORGN UEJPGKFGT 5KIPCVWT 9 9;10 CWH FGO 4CPF 6T·IGTPCOG 5 5%*0+))'0$'4) UV .V &PU - ) . CO CNVGP 1TKIKPCNDCPF OKV )GHGEJVUURCPIGP %+7&#& 41&4+)1 WPF 8+6614+# OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DG HGUVKIV $9- /; ++ &CU UGNVGP IWV GTJCNVGPG 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGT /KVVG FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU .CWV *C[YCTF $KTEJ WPF $KUJQR KP $/ 5 WPF H JCV PWT GKP /KVINKGF FGU .GKEJVGP &TCIQ PGT 4GIKOGPVU = UV .V &PU ? FGT -ÌPKINKEJ &GWVUEJGP .GIKQP =-KPI U )GTOCP .GIKQP - ) . ? FKG )GHGEJVUURCPIG %+7&#& 41&4+)1 GTJCNVGP HÒT UGKPG 6GKNPCJOG CP FKGUGT XQO DKU ,CPWCT FCWGTPFGP $GNCIGTWPI

OKV 'KPPCJOG FGT (GUVWPI WPVGT FGO -QOOCPFQ XQP )GPGTCN #TVJWT 9GNNGUNG[ 8KUEQWPV 9GNNKPIVQP

UGKV CD *GT\QI =&WMG? XQP 9GNNKPIVQP /KVINKGFGT FKGUGU 4GIKOGPVU JCDGP FKG )GHGEJVUURCPIG 8+6614+# DGMQOOGP HÒT +JTG 6GKNPCJOG CP FGT GPVUEJGKFGPFGP 5EJNCEJV XQP 8KVQTKC KO URCPKUEJGP $CUMGPNCPF CO ,WPK IGIGP -ÌPKI ,QUGRJ TGI XQP DKU GDGPHCNNU WPVGT FGO -QOOCPFQ FGU KP\YKUEJGP \WO /CTSWGUU XQP 9GNNKPIVQP GTJQDGPGP 9GNNGUNG[ (ÒT FKGUGP 5KGI YWTFG 9GNNKPIVQP PQEJ CO INGK EJGP 6CI \WO (GNFOCTUEJCNN DGHÌTFGTV &KG (COKNKG 5EJPKIIGPDGTI KUV CWEJ JGWVG PQEJ KP &GWVUEJNCPF PCEJYGKUDCT &KG -ÌPKINKEJG &GWVUEJG .GIKQP =-KPIʼnU )GTOCP .GIKQP ņ - ) . ? YCT GKP OKNKV·TKUEJGT )TQ­XGTDCPF FGT CWH #PQTFPWPI FGU DTKVKUEJGP -ÌPKIU )GQTIU +++ TGI UGKV -WTHÒTUV XQP $TCWPUEJYGKI .ÒPGDWTI

-WT *CPPQXGT CO &G\GODGT CWU FWTEJ FKG -QPXGPVKQP XQP #TVNGPDWTI XQO ,WNK CWHIGNÌUVGP DTCWPUEJYGKIKUEJ NÒPGDWTIKUEJGP 6TWRRGPVGKNGP IGDKNFGV YWTFG &KG .GIKQP YCT QTICPKUKGTV KP CEJV .KPKGP +PHCPVGTKG $CVCKNNQPGP = UV VJ .KPG $CVVCNKQP? \YGK NGKEJVGP +PHCPVGTKG $CVCKNNQPGP = UV PF .KIJV +PHCPVT[ $CVVCNKQP? \YGK &TCIQPGT 4GIKOGPVGTP = UV PF 4GIKOGPV QH CD .KIJV &TCIQQPU? FTGK *WUCTGP 4GIKOGPVGTP = UV TF 4GIKOGPV QH *WUUCTU? \YGK DGTKVVGPGP #TVKNNGTKG $CVVGTKGP = UV PF -KPI U )GTOCP #TVKNNGT[ *QTUG $CVVGT[? XKGT (W­ #TVKNNGTKG $CVVGTKGP = UV VJ -KPI U )GTOCP #TVKNNGT[ (QQV $CVVGT[? WPF FGO +PIGPKGWTU -QTRU =-KPI U )GTOCP 'PIKPGGTU? #D IGJÌTVGP FGT .GIKQP CWEJ FCU $TCWPUEJYGKIKUEJG *WUCTGP 4GIKOGPV WPF FCU .GKEJVG +PHCPVGTKG 4GIKOGPV $TCWPUEJYGKI 1GNU CP YWTFG FKG .GIKQP CWHIGNÌUV WPF FKG 5QNFCVGP \WO ITQ­GP 6GKN KP FKG 5VTGKVMT·HVG FGU CWH FGO 9KGPGT -QPITG­ PGW IGDKNFGVGP -ÌPKITGKEJU *CPPQXGT CWHIGPQOOGP YQ UKG CNU 'NKVGUQNFCVGP ICNVGP

219


GROSSBRITANNIEN

9CVGTNQQ /GFCKNNG =9CVGTNQQ /GFCN? 'ZGORNCT QJPG -NCWG WPF $CPFTKPI =FKUE QPN[? 5KNDGT OKV 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT 5KIPCVWT 6 9;10 ,70 CWH FGO 4CPF 6T·IGTPCOG

%*#4.'5 $.+&+0) PF .+)*6 $#66 - ) . QJPG $CPF KO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPG VGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DGHGUVKIV $9- /; +++ &CU 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP EC WPF WPF YWTFG NCWV #PICDG CO &G\GODGT GTYQTDGP .CWV *C[YCTF $KTEJ WPF $KUJQR KP $/ 5 JCVVG FCU \WT $TKICFG FGT &KXKUKQP FGU #TOGGMQTRU IGJÌTGPFG .GKEJVG +PHCPVGTKG $CVCKNNQP FGT -ÌPKINKEJ &GWVUEJGP .GIKQP KP FGT 5EJNCEJV XQP 9CVGTNQQ CO ,WPK GKPG GHHGMVKXG 5V·TMG XQP /CPP

748

5WVNGL /GFCKNNG =5WVNGL /GFCN? 5KNDGT OKV 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT 5KIPCVWT 9 9;10 #WUICDG OKV +PUEJTKHV 51$4#10 CWH FGO 4CPF 6T·IGTPCOG ,15'2* )#/$.' PF 4')V QJPG $CPF WPF QJPG )GHGEJVUURCPIGP OKV PKEJV MQTTGMVGO $CPFUVÒEM OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKI VGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DGHGUVKIV $9- /; KX ++ &CU 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP EC WPF WPF YWTFG NCWV #PICDG CWU FGO 0CEJNC­ GKPGU *GTTP 1EMGN GTYQTDGP .CWV *C[YCTF $KTEJ WPF $KUJQR KP $/ 5 YWTFGP CP FCU 4GIKOGPV CO (GDTWCT Y·JTGPF FGU 'TUVGP #PINQ 5KMJ -TKGIGU \YKUEJGP FGO 5KMJ 4GKEJ WPF FGT $TKVKUEJ 1UVKPFKUEJGP -QORCPKG 5QDTCQP /GFCKNNGP HÒT FKG FGP -TKGI GPVUEJGKFGPFG 5EJNCEJV DGK FGO KO JGWVKIGP )TGP\DGTGKEJ \YKUEJGP +PFKGP WPF 2CMKUVCP IGNGIGPGP &QTH 5CDJTCK XGTNKGJGP

749

2WPLCD /GFCKNNG =2WPLCD /GFCN? 5KNDGT OKV 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT 5KIPCVWT 9 9;10 CWH FGO 4CPF 6T·IGTPCOG 2#6M .#9.14 VJ (116 4CPFFGNNG CO PKEJV ICP\ MQTTGMVGP LGFQEJ CNVGP $CPF OKV FGP )GHGEJVUURCPIGP )11,'4#6 WPF /11.6#0 OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DGHGUVKIV $9- /; ++ &CU 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP EC WPF WPF YWTFG NCWV #PICDG CWU FGO 0CEJNC­ GKPGU *GTTP 1EMGN GTYQTDGP .CWV *C[YCTF $KTEJ WPF $KUJQR KP $/ 5 YWTFGP )GHGEJVUURCPIGP /11.6#0 HÒT FKG Y·JTGPF FGU <YGKVGP #PINQ 5KMJ -TKGIGU \YKUEJGP FGO 5KMJ 4GKEJ WPF FGT $TKVKUEJ 1UVKPFKUEJGP -QORCPKG XQO 5GRVGODGT DKU \WO ,CPWCT FCWGTPFG $GNCIGTWPI FGT JGWVG KO PÌTFNKEJGP 2CMKUVCP IGNGIGPGP (GU VWPI /WNVCP WPF )GHGEJVUURCPIGP )11,'4#6 HÒT FKG 6GKNPCJOG CP FGT 5EJNCEJV XQP )WLTCV KO JGWVKIGP 0QTF 1UV 2CMKUVCP CO (GDTWCT CP #PIGJÌTKIG FGU $TKVKUEJGP 4GIKOGPVU \W (W­ CWUIGIGDGP

220


GROSSBRITANNIEN

750

751

$CNVKMWO /GFCKNNG =$CNVKE /GFCN? 5KNDGT QJPG 6T·IGTPCOGP CO CNVGP 1TKIKPCNDCPF OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DGHGUVKIV $9- /; ++ /GFCKNNGP QJPG 6T·IGTPCOGP YWTFGP XQTYKGIGPF CP HTCP\ÌUKUEJG 5QNFCVGP XGTNKGJGP FKG WPVGT DTKVKUEJGO -QO OCPFQ UVCPFGP &CU 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP EC WPF WPF YWTFG NCWV #PICDG CO &G\GODGT KP 2CTKU GTYQTDGP

-TKOMTKGIU /GFCKNNG =%TKOGCP /GFCN? <YGK 'ZGORNCTG LGYGKNU 5KNDGT OKV 4CPFITCXWT <17#8'5 2'..'6+'4 %CRN &' /75+37' XKGNG 4CPFFGNNGP WPF UEJ·FGP CO PKEJV MQTTGMVGP $CPF QJPG 4CPFITCXWT \WUCOOGP OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DGHGUVKIV $9- /; +++ ++ /GFCKNNGP OKV HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP 6T·IGTPCOGP UKPF PKEJV J·WHKI \W HKPFGP FC UKG OGKUV QJPG 6T·IGTPCOGP XGTNKGJGP YWTFGP &KG /GFCKNNGP UVCOOGP CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGT /KVVG FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU WPF YWTFGP NCWV #PICDG CO 1MVQDGT KP .GKR\KI GTYQTDGP

752

753

754

-TKOMTKGIU /GFCKNNG =%TKOGCP /GFCN? 5KNDGT QJPG 4CPFPCOGP QJPG $CPF OKV )GHGEJVUURCPIG 5'$#56121. $9- /; ++ /GFCKNNGP QJPG 6T·IGTPCOGP YWTFGP XQTYKGIGPF CP HTCP\ÌUKUEJG 5QNFCVGP XGTNKGJGP FKG WPVGT DTKVKUEJGO -QO OCPFQ UVCPFGP

-TKOMTKGIU /GFCKNNG =%TKOGCP /GFCN? 5KNDGT OKV PGW GKPIGUEJNCIGPGO =TGKORTGUUGF? 4CPFPCOGP 5)6 * -+.$; %1 4 / * / 5 ).#&+#614 OKV )GHGEJVUURCPIG 5'$#56121. CO PGWGP $TWUVDCPF $9- /; ++ .CWV *C[YCTF $KTEJ WPF $KUJQR KP $/ 5 JCV FKG KP WPF CWUGT &KGPUV IGUVGNNVG (TGICVVG * / 5 )NCFKCVQT PKEJV CP FGT $GNCIGTWPI WPF FGT 'KPPCJOG FGT TWUUKUEJGP /CTKPGDCUKU 5GDCUVQRQN CWH FGT -TKO VGKNIG PQOOGP &GT 5VKN FGT 0COGPURT·IWPI GPVURTKEJV FGO WPF PKEJV FGO ,CJTJWPFGTV

/GFCKNNG FGT #TOGG HÒT .CPIGP &KGPUV WPF )WVG (ÒJTWPI =#TO[ .QPI 5GTXKEG CPF )QQF %QPFWEV? /QFGNN #WUICDG OKV 9CRRGP -ÌPKIKP 8KMVQTKCU /GFCKNNG FTGJDCT ņ 'ZGORNCT QJPG $CPFTCJG =FKUE QPN[? 5KNDGT CWH FGO 4CPF 6T·IGTPCOG +KVJ 4')V &47/ /#,14 ,#/'5 %#/2$'.. QJPG $CPF KO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DGHGUVKIV $9- /; +++ &CU 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP EC WPF WPF YWTFG NCWV #PICDG CO ,CPWCT GTYQTDGP

221


GROSSBRITANNIEN

755 (1:1)

/GFCKNNG FGU $QCTF QH 6TCFG HÒT 6CRHGTMGKV DGK .GDGPUTGVVWPI \WT 5GG =6JG $QCTF QH 6TCFG /GFCN HQT 5CXKPI .KHG CV 5GC? 5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG PKEJV VTCIDCT &WTEJOGUUGT OO 5KNDGT OKV 5VGORGN UEJPGKFGT 5KIPCVWT $ 9;10 5% KO QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK 4444 ++ 8QP CW­GTQTFGPVNKEJGT 5GNVGPJGKV &CU $QCTF QH 6TCFG GKP -QOKVGG FGU DTKVKUEJGP -TQPTCVGU =2TKX[ %QWPEKN? UVKHVGVG PCEJ 'TNC­ FGU /GTEJCPV 5JKR RKPI #EVU XQP FKG /GFCKNNG FGTGP GTUVG 'ZGORNCTG IGRT·IV YWTFGP 5KG MQOOV KP 5KNDGT WPF KP $TQP\G \WT 8GTNGKJWPI 5GKV YWTFGP PWT \YGK $TQP\GOGFCKNNGP XGTNKGJGP GKPG KO ,CJTG WPF GKPG 'KPG UKNDGTPG /GFCKNNG IGNCPIVG UGKV PKEJV \WT 8GTNGKJWPI 'ORH·PIGT FGT /GFCKNNG UKPF DGTGEJVKIV FKG $WEJUVCDGP 5)/ JKPVGT FGO 0CEJPCOGP \W HÒJTGP

ex 756

-QPXQNWV XQP DTKVKUEJGP #WU\GKEJPWPIU /KPKCVWTGP 7 C /KPKCVWTGPUEJPCNNG OKV HÒPH /KPKCVWTGP

5ÒFCHTKMC /GFCKNNG FGT -Ì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·PFEJGP KP FWTEJYGIU QTFGPVNKEJGT 'TJCNVWPI ++

757

758 (1:1)

757

8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG 6JG 5WTG 5JKGNF HÒT 5GG 8GTFKGPUVG Y·JTGPF FGU 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIU 0KEJV VTCIDCT &WTEJOGUUGT OO XGTUKNDGTV I FGWVNKEJG -TCV\GT WPF 4CPFUEJ·FGP OKV 4CPFITCXWT #9#4&'& 61 %#26#+0 ) 0'.510 5/+6* (14 5'48+%'5 4'0&'4'& +++

(4'+/#74'4 222

$KLQW GKPGT PKEJV KFGPVKHK\KGTVGP (TGKOCWTGT .QIG Z OO )QNF VNY GOCKNNKGTV I CWH FGO 4CPF ITCXKGTV 5+4 / 5 .#94'0%' 5'26 914 %1 %1/&4; QJPG $CPF ++


INTERNATIONALE / GESELLSCHAFTSORDEN

759

760

(TGKOCWTGTKUEJGT 1TFGP FGT 6GORGNTKVVGT $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT VNY GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GT UVGNNGTRWP\G * $ WPF .QPFQPGT 5KNDGT WPF ,CJTGURWP\GP G HÒT CP 0CFGN ++

-12+'0 =%12+'5?

&GT 5GJT #NVG WPF 5GJT 8QTPGJOG &KUVGNQTFGP =6JG /QUV #PEKGPV CPF /QUV 0QDNG 1TFGT QH VJG 6JKUVNG? 5COONGTCPHGTVKIWPI GKPGU -NGKPQFU \WT 1TFGPUMQNNCPG Z OO 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV GOCKNNKGTV OGJTGTG OKPKOCNG 'OCKNNG %JKRU ++ +++ /GJTVGKNKIGU 'TUCV\UVÒEM HÒT GKP KO 1TKIKPCN PCJG\W PKEJV DGUEJCHHDCTGU 'ZGORNCT

762

761 761 763

+06'40#6+10#.' 70& )'5'..5%*#(65 14&'0

/KNKV·TKUEJGT *QURKVCN 1TFGP FGU JN .C\CTWU XQP ,GTWUCNGO =1TFTG /KNKVCKTG GV *QURKVCNKGT FG 5CKV .C\CTG FG ,¾TWUCNGO? 2CTKUGT 1DÌFKGP\ 5GV FGT +PUKIPKGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUV )TQUQHHK\KGTG DGUVGJGPF CWU *CNUMTGW\ $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF VNY GOCKNNKGTV OKV -QTTQUKQPUHNGEMGP CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC 6Q[G -GPPKPI 5RGPEGT KP .QPFQP CP 0CFGN OKV \YGK UGKVNKEJGP (KZKGTJCMGP \WUCOOGP OKV \YGK /KPKCVWTMTGW\GP XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV LGYGKNU CO $·PFEJGP KO 1TKIKPCNGVWK XQP 6Q[G -GPPKPI 5RGPEGT $; 5 ++

25'7&1 6'/2.'4 14&'0

-TGW\ GKPGU PKEJV P·JGT KFGPVKHK\KGTVGP 6GORNGT 1TFGPU Z OO $TQP\G IGUEJY·T\V QJPG $CPF ++ #PHGTVKIWPI YQJN CWU FGO ,CJTJWPFGTV

-TGW\ GKPGU PKEJV P·JGT KFGPVKHK\KGTVGP 6GORNGT 1TFGPU Z OO /GUUKPI QJPG $CPF

#PHGTVKIWPI YQJN CWU FGO ,CJTJWPFGTV

++

223


ISLAND

764 (1:1)

765 (1:1)

764 Rv (1:1,3)

766 (1:1)

+5.#0& -¤0+)4'+%*

-ÌPKINKEJ +UN·PFKUEJGT (CNMGPQTFGP =-QPWPINGIC +UNGPCMC (±NMCQTFC? /QFGNN OKV -TQPG ņ )TQ­TKVVGT -TGW\ =UVÉTTKFFCTC? 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV OKV QTKIKPCNGO WPMQPHGMVKQPKGT VGO *CNUDCPF #DUEJPKVV $9- <- ++ <YGKHGNUHTGKGU 1TKIKPCNGZGORNCT XQP ITQ­GT 5GNVGPJGKV #O ,WNK JCV -ÌPKI %JTKUVKCP : XQP &·PGOCTM WPF +UNCPF -ÌPKI XQP &·PGOCTM UGKV -ÌPKI XQP +UNCPF XQP DKU FGP XKGTMNCUUKIGP -GVVG )TQ­MTGW\ )TQ­TKVVGT WPF 4KVVGT CNNIGOGKPGP 8GT FKGPUVQTFGP IGUVKHVGV YQDGK FKG -NCUUG KP \YGK 5VWHGP OKV WPF QJPG 5VGTP WPVGTVGKNV YCT &KG 1TFGPUUVCVWVGP FCVKGTGP XQO INGKEJGP 6CI 8IN CWEJ -NKGVOCPP -WTV )GTJCTF WPF 0GWDGEMGT 1VVHTKGF +UNCPF +UN·PFKUEJGT (CNMGPQTFGP +P -1. 7PF ,+ WPF 6$ -ÌPKINKEJ +UN·PFKUEJGT (CNMGPQTFGP =-QPWPINGIC +UNGPCMC (±NMCQTFC? /QFGNN OKV -TQPG ņ UR·VGTG #PHGTVKIWPI GKPGU )TQ­TKVVGT -TGW\GU =UVÉTTKFFCTC? CWU FGP GT ,CJTGP 5KNDGT XGTIQN FGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV OKV *CNUDCPF #DUEJPKVV ++ 'U JCPFGNV UKEJ JKGTDGK WO GKPG #PHGTVKIWPI CWU FGP GT ,CJTGP FKG \W (·NUEJWPIU\YGEMGP KP FGP GT ,CJTGP JGTIGUVGNNV WPF CWH FGP /CTMV IGDTCEJV YQTFGP KUV 9KT JCDGP UKG GDGPHCNNU JKGT CWHIGPQOOGP WO UKG GKPGO \YGK HGNUHTGKGP 1TKIKPCNGZGORNCT XQTJGTIGJGPFG -CV 0T IGIGPÒDGT \W UVGNNGP WPF FCOKV FKG 7PVGTUEJKGFG \YKUEJGP DGKFGP (GTVKIWPIGP \W XGTFGWVNKEJGP DGUQPFGTU KP FGT )GUVCNVWPI FGU (CNMGP FGT DGK FKGUGT UR·VGTGP #PHGTVKIWPI FQEJ GJGT CP GKPG GVYCU N·FKGTVG 6CWDG GTKPPGTV FGPP CP GKPGP YKTMNKEJGP (CNMGP

-ÌPKINKEJ +UN·PFKUEJGT (CNMGPQTFGP =-QPWPINGIC +UNGPCMC (±NMCQTFC? /QFGNN OKV -TQPG ņ 4KVVGTMTGW\ =TKFFCTCMTQUU? 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV OKV QTKIKPCNGO $TWUVDCPF $9- <- 44 ++ 0WT ·W­GTUV UGNVGP KO *CPFGN \W HKPFGP

224


ISLAND

767 (1:1)

4'27$.+- 5'+6

+UN·PFKUEJGT (CNMGPQTFGP =+UNGPUMC (±NMCQTFC? /QFGNN QJPG -TQPG ņ UGKV )TQ­MTGW\TKVVGT 5GV =UVÉTMTQUUTKFFCTC? ·NVGTG #PHGTVKIWPI DGUVGJGPF CWU -NGKPQF 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV OKP 'OCKNNG %JKR KO #XGTU /GFCKNNQP CO QTKIKPCNGP 5EJWNVGTDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP ·NVGTGTG UEJYGTGTG #WUHÒJTWPI 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV 'OCKNNG %JKRU KO #XGTU /GFCKNNQP CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G -# FGT (KTOC -LCTVCP UOWPFUUQP KP 4G[MLCXÃM WPF 5KNDGTRWP\G CP &QRRGN PCFGN KO QTKIKPCNGP YGK­GP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK XQP UOWPFUUQP $9- <- 4 ++ ++ +++

768 (1:1)

+UN·PFKUEJGT (CNMGPQTFGP =+UNGPUMC (±NMCQTFC? /QFGNN QJPG -TQPG ņ UGKV )TQ­MTGW\TKVVGT 5GV =UVÉTMTQUUTKFFCTC? LÒPIGTG #PHGTVKIWPI DGUVGJGPF CWU -NGKPQF 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV OKP 'OCKNNG %JKR KO #XGTU /GFCKNNQP CO QTKIKPCNGP 5EJWNVGTDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP LÒPIGTG NGKEJVGTG #WUHÒJTWPI 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV OKP 'OCKNNG %JKR KO #XGTU /GFCKNNQP CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G -# FGT (KTOC -LCTVCP UOWPFUUQP KP 4G[MLCXÃM WPF 5KNDGTRWP\G CP &QRRGNPCFGN KO QTKIKPCNGP DNCWGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK XQP UOWPFUUQP $9- <- ++ 0CEJFGO FCU .CPF UGKPG XÌNNKIG 7PCDJ·PIKIMGKV GTNCPIV WPF UKEJ \WT 4GRWDNKM GTMN·TV JCVVG GTJKGNV FGT 1TFGP CO ,WNK FGU INGKEJGP ,CJTGU PGWG 5VCVWVGP FWTEJ FGP GTUVGP KUN·PFKUEJGP 2T·UKFGPVGP 5XGKPP $LÌTPUUQP 2T·UKFGPV UGKV &KG 8GTNGKJWPI FGU 1TFGPU GTHQNIV PQTOCNGTYGKUG CWH 8QTUEJNCI GKPGU HÒPHMÌRHKIGP 1TFGPUTCVGU FKG +PKVKCVKXG MCPP LGFQEJ CWEJ XQO 2T·UKFGPVGP D\Y FGT 2T·UKFGPVKP CWUIGJGP 8IN CWEJ -NKGVOCPP -WTV )GTJCTF WPF 0GWDGEMGT 1VVHTKGF +UNCPF +UN·PFKUEJGT (CNMGPQTFGP +P -1. 7PF ,+ WPF 6$

225


ISLAND

769 (1:1)

+UN·PFKUEJGT (CNMGPQTFGP =+UNGPUMC (±NMCQTFC? /QFGNN QJPG -TQPG ņ UGKV )TQ­TKVVGT 5GV OKV 5VGTP =UVÉTTKFFCTC OGÆ UVLÌTPW? DGUVGJGPF CWU )TQ­TKVVGT -TGW\ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT VNY GOCKNNKGTV CP &QRRGNPCFGN KO QTKIKPCNGP YGK­GP 8GT NGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC -LCTVCP UOWPFUUQP KP 4G[MLCXÃM $9- <- + ++

771 (1:1)

770 (1:1)

+UN·PFKUEJGT (CNMGPQTFGP =+UNGPUMC (±NMCQTFC? /QFGNN QJPG -TQPG ņ UGKV )TQ­TKVVGT -TGW\ =UVÉTTKFFCTC? 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV 'OCKNNG %JKRU KO #XGTU /GFCKNNQP CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNU DCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP YGK­GP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC -LCTVCP UOWPFUUQP KP 4G[MLCXÃM $9- <- ++ +++ 'JTGPOGFCKNNG FGU KUN·PFKUEJGP 2T·UKFGPVGP =*GKÆWTURGPKPIWT HQTUGVC +UNCPFU? 5KNDGT CO $CPF KO YQJN PKEJV \WIGJÌTKIGP 2NCUVKMGVWK 6$ 5 HH 4 + ++ &KG /GFCKNNG YWTFG XQP 2T·UKFGPV UIGKT UIGKTUUQP 2T·UKFGPV XQP DKU IGUVKHVGV WPF NCWV 6JQTNCEKWU KP 6$ 5 HH XQP DKU PWT /CN XGTNKGJGP

226


Sammlung Italien


SAMMLUNG ITALIEN

5#//.70) +6#.+'0 70& +6#.+'0+5%*' 56##6'0

772 (1:1)

773 (1:1)

775

777

774 (1:1)

*'4<1)67/ .7%%# $+5

776

/KNKV·T 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP XQO JN )GQTI =1TFKPG FGN /GTKVQ /KNKVCTG FK 5CP )KQTIKQ? /KPKCVWT FGU -TGW\GU ++ -NCUUG 5KNDGT /GFCKNNQPU )QNF GOCKNNKGTV OGJTGTG %JKRU KP FGT YGK­GP 'OCKNNG CWH #XGTU WPF 4GXGTU CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP $·PFEJGP 444 ++ +++ 8QP CNNGTITÌ­VGT 5GNVGPJGKV FC FGT 1TFGP PWT ,CJTG NCPI DGUVCPF WPF FCU *GT\QIVWO .WEEC PWT ÒDGT GKPG IGTKPIG 'KPYQJPGT\CJN XGTHÒIVG

<KXKN 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGU JN .WFYKI =1TFKPG FK 5CP .WFQXKEQ FGN OGTKVQ EKXKNG? /KPKCVWT FGU 4KV VGTMTGW\GU +++ -NCUUG 5KNDGT /GFCKNNQPU )QNF GOCKNNKGTV PCJG\W WPUKEJVDCTG 'OCKNNG #DRNCV\WPI KO #XGTU /GFCKNNQP QJPG $·PFEJGP 444 ++ 8QP CNNGTITÌ­VGT 5GNVGPJGKV FC FGT 1TFGP KP FKGUGT (QTO PWT ,CJTG NCPI DGUVCPF WPF FCU *GT\QIVWO .WEEC PWT ÒDGT GKPG IGTKPIG 'KPYQJPGT\CJN XGTHÒIVG &GT RCTOGUKUEJG .WFYKIU 1TFGP WPVGTUEJGKFGV UKEJ XQP UGKPGO XKGN UGNVGPGTGP NWEEJGUKUEJGO 8QTN·WHGT FCFWTEJ FC­ DGK GTUVGTGO FCU #XGTU 5EJKNFEJGP XQP GKPGT 7OUEJTKHV WOIGDGP KUV FKG DGK NGV\VGTGO HGJNV

*'4<1)67/ /1&'0# $+5

1TFGP FGU #FNGTU XQP 'UVG =1TFKPG FGNN #SWKNC 'UVGPUG? /KPKCVWT FGU $TWUVUVGTPU KP GVYCU XCTKCPVGT )GUVCNVWPI OKV XKGT 5VTCJNGP 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV GVYCU XGTUEJOWV\V CO PKEJV MQTTGMVGP $·PFEJGP 44 ++

/GFCKNNG HÒT VTGWIGDNKGDGPG /KNKV·TCPIGJÌTKIG =/GFCINKC CK OKNKVCTK HGFGNK ? 5KNDGT OKP 4CPFFGNNGP QJPG $CPF OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DGHGUVKIV $$ 5 $9- ++ &CU 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP EC WPF WPF YWTFG NCWV #PICDG CWU FGO 0CEJNC­ GKPGU *GTTP 1EMGN GTYQTDGP

/GFCKNNG HÒT VTGWIGDNKGDGPG /KNKV·TCPIGJÌTKIG =/GFCINKC CK OKNKVCTK HGFGNK ? /WVOC­NKEJGT 2TQDGCDUEJNCI GKPGU PKEJV CPIGPQOOGPGP 'PVYWTHU FGT /GFCKNNG OKV FGO 2QTVTCKV FGU *GT\QIU FWPMNG $TQP\G WPIGJGPMGNV OKV GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGN EJGP 444 ++ &CU 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP EC WPF WPF YWTFG NCWV #PICDG GTYQTDGP 9GFGT XQP *G[FGP KP *&+ PQEJ $TCODKNNC KP $$ WPF $$ QFGT $CTCE KP $9- MGPPGP FKGUG #WUHÒJTWPI

'4<*'4<1).+%*' (#/+.+' ¤56'44'+%* '56' &'4 *'4<¤)' 810 /1&'0# 5'+6

/GFCKNNG HÒT <KXKN WPF /KNKV·TDGCOVG FKG FGO *GT\QI VTGW IGDNKGDGP UKPF =/GFCINKC RGT K OKNKVCTK G HWP\KQPCTK EJG TKOCUGTQ HGFGNK CN &WEC? $TQP\GOGFCKNNG $TQP\G QJPG 6TCIGDÒIGN \YGK MNGKPG .ÌEJGT FCHÒT XQTJCPFGP QJPG $CPF OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHV NKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DGHGUVKIV +++ &CU 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP EC WPF WPF YWTFG NCWV #PICDG CWU FGO 0CEJNC­ GKPGU *GTTP 1EMGN GTYQTDGP

228


SAMMLUNG ITALIEN

778

0#21.'10+5%*'5 -¤0+)4'+%* 0'#2'.

8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG HÒT FKG .GIKQPGP FGT 2TQXKP\GP =/GFCINKC #NNG .GIKQPK RTQXKPEKCNK ? 5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG \YGKVG UQIGP 2CTKUGT 2T·IWPI OKV QHHGPGT KP /#4<1 ņ WO =NCVGT UVTKMG? 5KNDGT OKV CNV CPIGDTCEJVGT *GPMGNWPI UVCVV FGT WTURTÒPINKEJGP -WIGNÌUG QJPG $CPF OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DGHGUVKIV $9- + ++ &CU 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP EC WPF WPF YWTFG NCWV #PICDG CWU FGO 0CEJNC­ GKPGU *GTTP 1EMGN GTYQTDGP

779 (1:1)

*'4<1)67/ 2#4/# 70& 2+#%'0<# $+5

*GKNKIGT #PIGNWXKPKUEJGT -CKUGTNKEJGT -QPUVCPVKPKUEJGT 1TFGP XQO JN )GQTI =5CETQ #PIGNKEQ +ORGTKCNG 1TFKPG %QUVCPVKPKCPQ FK 5CP )KQTIKQ? /QFGNN OKV ω CWH FGO TGEJVGP -TGW\CTO ņ UGKV -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\ &WTEJOGUUGT OO )QNF DGKFUGKVKI GOCKNNKGTV I OKV $CPF FKG -TQPG CP \YGK 5VGNNGP TGRCTKGTV OKP 'OCKNNGTGRCTCVWTGP CO CNVGP QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPFUVÒEM $9- <- ++ +++ 'ZCMV FKGUGU 'ZGORNCT KUV CDIGDKNFGV DGK $TCODKNNC KP $$ 5 FQTV LGFQEJ GVYCU TGVWUEJKGTV &GT .GIGPFG PCEJ IGJV FGT 1TFGP \WTÒEM CWH GKPG XQO TÌOKUEJGP -CKUGT -QPUVCPVKP FGP )TQ­GP EC IGITÒPFGVG /KNK\ \WO 5EJWV\G FGU .CDCTWOU MCKUGTNKEJG 5VCPFCTVG OKV FGO %JTKUVWU /QPQITCOO :2 FKG XQO D[\CPVJKPKUEJGP -CKUGT +UCCM ++ #PIGNWU %QOPGPWU CNU OKNKV·TKUEJGT 1TFGP GTPGWV IGUVKHVGV YQTFGP UGKP UQNN )KCP #PFTGC #PIGNQ (NCXKQ %QOPGPQ *GT\QI XQP &TKXCUVQ IGUV FGT UGKPG *GTMWPHV CWH FKG D[\CPVKPKUEJG &[PCUVKG FGT #PIGNQU %QOPGPQU \WTÒEMHÒJTVG YCU 2CRUV 2CWN +++ (CTPGUG TGIKGTVG XQP DKU WPF FTGK UGKPGT 0CEJHQNIGT DGUV·VKIVGP ÒDGTICD FCU )TQ­OGKUVGTVWO FGU 1TFGPU CP *GT\QI (TCPEGUEQ + (CTPGUG XQP 2CTOC YCU XQP -CKUGT .GQRQNF + WPF XQP 2CRUV +PPQ\GP\ :++ DGUV·VKIV YWTFG 0CEJFGO FCU *CWU (CTPGUG KP O·PPNKEJGT .KPKG CWUIGUVQTDGP YCT IKPI FCU )TQ­OGKUVGTVWO CP -CTN 8++ -ÌPKI $GKFGT 5K\KNKGP ÒDGT #O #WIWUV GTMN·TVG UKEJ FKG PWPOGJTKIG *GT\QIKP /CTKG .QWKUG XQP 2CTOC 'T\JGT\QIKP XQP ¤UVGTTGKEJ GJGOCNKIG -CKUGTKP XQP (TCPMTGKEJ \WT )TQ­OGKUVGTKP FGU 1TFGPU WPF GTPGWGTVG KJP KP KJTGO *GT\QIVWO CNU HÒPHMNCUUKIGP 1TFGP 0CEJ FGT 4ÒEMMGJT FGT &[PCUVKG $QWTDQP 2CTOC OKV *GT\QI -CTN ++ .WFYKI CWH FGP 6JTQP KO ,CJT YWTFG GT XQP FKGUGT ÒDGT PQOOGP WPF CWEJ PCEJ GPFIÒNVKIGO 8GTNWUV FGU *GT\QIVWOU YGKVGT XGTNKGJGP 229


SAMMLUNG ITALIEN

780 (1:1)

*GKNKIGT #PIGNWXKPKUEJGT -CKUGTNKEJGT -QPUVCPVKPKUEJGT 1TFGP XQO JN )GQTI =5CETQ #PIGNKEQ +ORGTKCNG 1TFKPG %QUVCPVKPKCPQ FK 5CP )KQTIKQ? /QFGNN OKV ω CWH FGO TGEJVGP -TGW\CTO ņ UGKV $TWUVMTGW\ FGT 4KVVGT GTUVGT -NCUUG &WTEJOGUUGT OO 5KNDGT #WHNCIG )QNF VNY ITCXKGTV GOCKNNKGTV \YGK PWT UGJT UEJYGT GTMGPPDCTG 'OCKNNGTGRCTCVWTGP PCJG\W WPUKEJVDCTG *CCTTKUUG FKG #WHNCIG CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG OKVVGNU HÒPH 5EJTCWDGP WPF /WVVGTP DGHGUVKIV CP 0CFGN $9- <- 444 ++ 'ZGORNCT KP JGTXQTTCIGPFGT #PHGTVKIWPIUSWCNKV·V CWU FGT /KVVG FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU KP CDUQNWVGT $GUVGTJCNVWPI KP FGT RCTOCKUEJGP (QTO CWU FGT <GKV FGU UQWXGT·PGP *GT\QIVWOU XQP ITÌ­VGT 5GNVGPJGKV #WHITWPF FGT UVGVU IGTKPIGP #P\CJN CP 4KVVGTP -NCUUG YGPKIGT CNU -QOOCPFGWTG IGJÌTGP FKGUG $TWUVMTGW\G \W FGP UGNVGPUVGP +PUKIPKGP FGU 1TFGPU <YGK UGJT ·JPNKEJG 'ZGORNCTG UKPF DGK 5RCFC KP 1) 5 CDIGDKNFGV

781 (1:1)

782 (1:1) 783 (1:1)

230

783 (1:1)

*GKNKIGT #PIGNWXKPKUEJGT -CKUGTNKEJGT -QPUVCPVKPKUEJGT 1TFGP XQO JN )GQTI =5CETQ #PIGNKEQ +ORGTKCNG 1TFKPG %QUVCPVKPKCPQ FK 5CP )KQTIKQ? /QFGNN OKV ω CWH FGO TGEJVGP -TGW\CTO ņ UGKV /KPKCVWT FGU 1TFGPUMTGW\GU )QNF GOCKNNKGTV CO CNVGP $·PFEJGP ++

*GKNKIGT #PIGNWXKPKUEJGT -CKUGTNKEJGT -QPUVCPVKPKUEJGT 1TFGP XQO JN )GQTI =5CETQ #PIGNKEQ +ORGTKCNG 1TFKPG %QUVCPVKPKCPQ FK 5CP )KQTIKQ? /QFGNN OKV ω CWH FGO TGEJVGP -TGW\CTO ņ UGKV /KPKCVWT FGU 1TFGPUMTGW\GU )QNF GOCKNNKGTV QJPG $·PFEJGP ++

8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGU JN .WFYKI =1TFKPG FK /GTKVQ FK 5CP .WKIK? 4KVVGTMTGW\ + -NCUUG OKV -TQPG )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I CWH FGO $CPFTKPI \YGK PKEJV KFGPVKHK\KGTDCTG 2WP\GP QJPG $CPF $9- <- ++


SAMMLUNG ITALIEN

786 (1:1)

784 (1:1)

784 (1:1)

785 (1:1)

8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGU JN .WFYKI =1TFKPG FK /GTKVQ FK 5CP .WKIK? 4KVVGTMTGW\ + -NCUUG OKV -TQPG )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I OKV $CPF OKP #DURNKVVGTWPIGP KP FGT YGK­GP 'OCKNNG XQP #XGTU WPF 4GXGTU CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP &TGKGEMUDCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK $9- <- 44 ++ +++ *GTXQTTCIGPFG #PHGTVKIWPI CWU FGT /KVVG FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU VTQV\ FGT XQTJCPFGPGP 'KPUEJT·PMWPIGP KP FGT 'TJCNVWPI FGT 'OCKNNG KO 1TKIKPCNGVWK XQP ITQ­GT 5GNVGPJGKV 'ZCMV FKGUGU 'ZGORNCT KUV CDIGDKNFGV DGK $TCODKNNC KP $$ 5 FQTV LGFQEJ GVYCU TGVWUEJKGTV WPF DGK $CTCE KP $9- 5 FQTV GDGPHCNNU GVYCU TGVWUEJKGTV .CWV 5VCVWVGP XQO #WIWUV YCT FKG #P\CJN FGT 8GTNGKJWPIGP CP +PN·PFGT CWH PWT 2GTUQPGP DGITGP\V &GT FTGKMNCUUKIG ņ -NCUUG <KXKN 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP YWTFG XQP -CTN .WFYKI XQP $QWTDQP 2CTOC *GT\QI XQP .WEEC OKV OQVW RTQRTKQ &GMTGV 0T XQO &G\GODGT IGUVKHVGV 0CEJ FGO 6QF FGT *GT\QIKP /CTKG .WKUG XQP 2CTOC 'T\JGT\QIKP XQP ¤UVGTTGKEJ GJGOCNKIG -CKUGTKP XQP (TCPMTGKEJ GTJKGNV *GT \QI -CTN .WFYKI UGKP *GT\QIVWO 2CTOC WPF 2KCEGP\C \WTÃ’EM YQ GT CNU *GT\QI -CTN ++ FGP 6JTQP DGUVKGI WPF YQHÃ’T FCU *GT\QIVWO .WEEC PWPOGJT CP FCU )TQ­JGT\QIVWO 6QUMCPC HKGN /KV 5QWXGT·PGO #MV 0T XQO #WIWUV Ã’DGTPCJO UGKP 5QJP WPF 0CEJHQNIGT *GT\QI -CTN +++ XQP 2CTOC FGP 1TFGP HÃ’T FCU *GT\QIVWO WPF IGUVCNVGVG KJP WO 0WPOGJT XGTHÃ’IVG GT CNU <KXKN WPF /KNKV·T 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP Ã’DGT HÃ’PH -NCUUGP )TQ­MTGW\ -QOOCPFGWT 4KVVGT WPF -NCUUG 0CEJ FGO 8GTNWUV UGKPGU *GT\QIVWOU KO ,CJTG XGTNKGJ FGUUGP 5QJP WPF 0CEJHQNIGT *GT\QI 4QDGTV + XQP 2CTOC WPF 2KCEGP\C DKU \W UGKPGO 6QF YGKVGT &GT FGT\GKVKIG RCTOCKUEJG 6JTQPRT·VGPFGPV 2TKP\ -CTN XQP $QWTDQP 2CTOC *GT\QI XQP 2CTOC WPF 2KCEGP\C IGD DGNGDVG PCEJ FGO 6QFG UGKPGU 8CVGTU 2TKP\ -CTN *WIQ KO ,CJTG FGP 1TFGP YKGFGT

8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGU JN .WFYKI =1TFKPG FK /GTKVQ FK 5CP .WKIK? /KPKCVWT FGU 1TFGPUMTGW\GU 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV QJPG $·PFEJGP 4 ++

*'4<1).+%*' (#/+.+' 810 $174$10 2#4/# 5'+6

*GKNKIGT #PIGNWXKPKUEJGT -CKUGTNKEJGT -QPUVCPVKPKUEJGT 1TFGP XQO JN )GQTI =5CETQ #PIGNKEQ +ORGTKCNG 1TFKPG %QUVCPVKPKCPQ FK 5CP )KQTIKQ? /QFGNN OKV ω CWH FGO TGEJVGP -TGW\CTO ņ UGKV $TWUVUVGTP \WO 5GPCVQTGP )TQ­MTGW\ 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV WPF TGRGTEKGTV #WHNCIGP )QNF VNY HGKPUV HNKPMKGTV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN $9- <- + ++ 5GJT SWCNKV·VUXQNNG #PHGTVKIWPI WO KP JGTXQTTCIGPFGT 'TJCNVWPI

231


SAMMLUNG ITALIEN

787

56#&6 41/

$ÒTIGTTGEJVU $TKGH FGU 4ÌOKUEJGP 5GPCVU HÒT )KWNKQ )TCH )WKFK FK $CIPQ XQP +P NCVGKPKUEJGT 5RTCEJG KP VNY IQNFHCTDGPGT #PVKSWC *CPFUEJTKHV CWH UKGDGP 5GKVGP 2GTICOGPV FCVKGTV KO %CRKVQN \W 4QO CO #RTKN OKV \YGK 7PVGTUEJTKHVGP KP TGKEJ IQNFHCTDGP IGRT·IVGT &QMWOGPVGPOCRRG GVYCU DGTKGDGP OKV \YGK XQP WTURTÒPINKEJ XKGT 8GTUEJNW­D·PFGTP OKV CPJ·PIGPFGT 5KGIGNMCRUGN QJPG &GEMGN OKV KPNKGIGPFGO 5KGIGN FGT -QPUGTXCVQTGP XQP 4QO 44 ++ +++

-¤0+)4'+%* 5#4&+0+'0 2+'/106

1TFGP FGT JGKNKIGP /CWTKVKWU WPF .C\CTWU =1TFKPG FGK 5CPVK /CWTK\KQ G .C\CTQ? 2CVGPV \WT 8GTNGK JWPI FGU -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\GU =%QOOGPFCVQTG? CP FGP ITQ­JGT\QINKEJ VQUMCPKUEJGP &GNGICVGP KP .KXQTPQ %CXCNKGTG 2TKOQ 4QPEJKXGEEJK FCVKGTV 6WTKP CO (GDTWCT OKV 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV -ÌPKI 8KMVQT 'OCPWGNU ++ TGI UGKV UQYKG ő $GPUQ FK %CXQWT ő WPF YGKVGTG 7PVGTUEJTKHVGP KP 2GTICOGPVOCRRG $NCVV WPF /CRRG KP FGT (CNVWPI GKPIGTKUUGP IGHCNVGV OKV CPJ·PIGP FGT 5KGIGNMCRUGN OKV KPNKGIGPFGO 1TFGPUUKGIGN 44 ++ +++ &CU 2CVGPV IKDV FCTÒDGT #WUMWPHV FC­ 4QPEJKXGEEJK FCU -QOVWTMTGW\ HÒT GKPG XQP KJO DGHQJNGPG 'ZRGFKVKQP \WT +PUGN /QPVG %TKUVQ JGWVG /QPVGETKUVQ KO VQUMCPKUEJGP #TEJKRGN FGUUGP ITÌ­VG +PUGN 'NDC KUV \WT $GM·ORHWPI FQTV CPU·UUKIGT 2KTCVGP GTJCNVGP JCV FKG FCDGK CWEJ IGHCPIGP IGPQOOGP YWTFGP 'U JCPFGNV UKEJ JKGTDGK WO FKGUGNDG +PUGN FKG #NGZCPFTG &WOCU HÒT UGKPGP \YKUEJGP WPF GTUEJKGPGP 4QOCP .G %QOVG FG /QPVG %TKUVQ =&GT )TCH XQP /QPVG %JTKUVQ? UGKP YQJN DGTÒJOVGUVGU 9GTM XGTYCPFVG $GTGKVU KUV FKG 'TUVCWUICDG CWH &GWVUEJ GTUEJKGPGP

232


SAMMLUNG ITALIEN

789 (1:1)

790 (1:1)

1TFGP FGT JGKNKIGP /CWTKVKWU WPF .C\CTWU =1TFKPG FGK 5CPVK /CWTK\KQ G .C\CTQ? 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\ =7HHKEKCNG? /QFGNN OKV 'KEJGP WPF .QTDGGTDNCVV -TCP\ ņ )QNF VNY ITCXKGTV WPF \KUG NKGTV GOCKNNKGTV I OKP *CCTTKUUG KO #XGTU WPF 4GXGTU\GPVTWO CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP $TWUVDCPF OKV $CPFURCPIG $9- <- ++ /KV MÌPKINKEJGO &GMTGV XQO &G\GODGT UVKHVGVG -ÌPKI 8KMVQT 'OCPWGN ++ TGI UGKV XQP 5CTFKPKGP FKG 1HHK\KGTUMNCUUG FGU 1TFGPU FGTGP -TGW\ UKEJ XQO 4KVVGTMTGW\ PWT FWTEJ *KP\WHÒIWPI GKPGT CNU 5EJPCNNG DG\GKEJPGVGP $CPFURCPIG CWH FGO 1TFGPUDCPF WPVGTUEJKGF /KV -ÌPKINKEJGO &GMTGV XQO (GDTWCT YWTFG FKGUG 5EJPCNNG FWTEJ GKPG 'KEJGPDNCVV WPF .QTDGGTDNCVV -TCP\ÒDGTJÌJWPI GTUGV\V YQDGK \WP·EJUV GPVIGIGP FGO MÌPKINKEJGP &GMTGV UQYQJN -TCP\ CNU CWEJ 5EJPCNNG YGKVGT \WUCOOGP IGVTCIGP YWTFGP &WTEJ MÌPKINKEJGU &GMTGV XQO (GDTWCT YWTFG UEJNKG­NKEJ FGT -TCP\ FWTEJ GKPG MÌPKINKEJG -TQPG GTUGV\V 'U FÒTHVG UKEJ CNUQ DGK FGO XQTNKGIGPFGP 'ZGORNCT WTURTÒPINKEJ WO GKP 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\ FGU /QFGNNU JCPFGNP FCU FKG -TCP\GTJÌJWPI GTJCNVGP JCV FCPCEJ LGFQEJ OKV FGT WTURTÒPINKEJGP $CPFUEJPCNNG FGT 1HHK \KGTUMNCUUG YGKVGT IGVTCIGP YWTFG

1TFGP FGT JGKNKIGP /CWTKVKWU WPF .C\CTWU =1TFKPG FGK 5CPVK /CWTK\KQ G .C\CTQ? 4KVVGTMTGW\ =%CXCNKGTG? ·NVGTG MNGKPGTG #WUHÒJTWPI &WTEJOGUUGT OO )QNF VNY ITCXKGTV GOCKNNKGTV I

OKV $CPF OKP %JKR KP GKPGT -WIGN CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP $TWUVDCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP 8GTNGKJWPIU GVWK OKV /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI 8KMVQT 'OCPWGN ++ TGI XQP DKU $9- <- ++

791

1TFGP FGT JGKNKIGP /CWTKVKWU WPF .C\CTWU =1TFKPG FGK 5CPVK /CWTK\KQ G .C\CTQ? 2CVGPV -ÌPKI 8KMVQT #OCFGWU +++ XQP 5CTFKPKGP TGI UGKV ÒDGT FKG )GY·JTWPI GKPGU L·JTNKEJGP 5VKRGPFKWOU FGU 1TFGPU KP *ÌJG XQP .KTG HÒT 2KGVTQ (KNKRRQ #UVGUCPQ JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ CWH 2CRKGT XKGT 5GKVGP FCVKGTV /QPECNKGTK CO 1MVQDGT OKV 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV -ÌPKI 8KMVQT #OCFGWU +++ WPF \CJNTGKEJGP YGKVGTGP 7PVGTUEJTKHVGP OKV CPJ·PIGPFGT 5KGIGNMCRUGN OKV KPNKGIGPFGO VNY DG UEJ·FKIVGO ITQ­GP /CLGUV·VU 5KGIGN 44 ++

233


SAMMLUNG ITALIEN

792 (1:1)

/KNKV·TQTFGP XQP 5CXQ[GP =1TFKPG /KNKVCTG FK 5CXQKC? /QFGNN -TGW\ FGT 5QNFCVGP =/KNKVG? 5KNDGT VNY ITCXKGTV GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP $TWUVDCPF $9- <- 4 ++ +P FKGUGT GTUVMNCUUKIGP 'TJCNVWPI PWT UGNVGP \W HKPFGP )GUVKHVGV CO #WIWUV XQP -ÌPKI 8KMVQT 'OOCPWGN + XQP 5CTFKPGP CNU XKGTMNCUUKIGT )TQ­ MTGW\ -QOOCPFGWT 4KVVGT WPF 5QNFCV 1TFGP HÒT OKNKV·TKUEJG 8GTFKGPUVG

793 (1:1)

/GFCKNNG HÒT /KNKV·TKUEJG 6CRHGTMGKV =/GFCINKC #N 8CNQTG /KNKVCTG? /QFGNN #WUICDG OKV +PUEJTKHV )7'44' & +6#.+' ņ 5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG GTUVG #WUHÒJTWPI OKV )7'44' & +6#.+' ITCXKGTV GTUVGT 6[R OKV MNGKPGO <YKUEJGPTCWO \YKUEJGP -TGW\EJGP FGT -TQPG WPF 4CPFUVCD 5KNDGT OKV 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT <GKEJGP ( ) CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG 6T·IGTITCXWT 41..+0 %*#55 G %* 2 CO CNVGP $CPF OKV CNVGO DGUEJ·FKIVGO JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGO 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP $$ 5 # $9- 4 ++ &CU 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP EC WPF WPF YWTFG NCWV #PICDG CO &G\GODGT KP 2CTKU GTYQTDGP

#FGNUDTKGH -ÌPKI 8KMVQT #OCFGWU +++ TGI UGKV ÒDGT FKG 'TJGDWPI KP FGP GTDNK EJGP )TCHGPUVCPF HÒT #NDGTVQ )KWUGRRG $GUQ\\K CWU /CKNCPF XQP <YGK 5GKVGP KP *CPFUEJTKHV CWH 2CRKGT FCVKGTV 6WTKP CO /CK OKV 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV -ÌPKI 8KMVQT #OCFGWU +++ WPF YGK VGTGP 7PVGTUEJTKHVGP KP 2GTICOGPVOCRRG WPF WOIGDGPFGT 5COVOCRRG QJPG 5KGIGN <WUCOOGP OKV FGO 2TKXKNGI FGT 4GIKC %COGTC FGK %QPVK ÒDGT FKG XQP -ÌPKI 8KMVQT #OCFGWU +++ XGTHÒIVG 5VGWGTDG HTGKWPI HÒT )TCH #NDGTVQ )KWUGRRG $GUQ\\K \YGK 5GKVGP KP *CPFUEJTKHV FCVKGTV 6WTKP CO /CK OKV \YGK 7PVGTUEJTKHVGP KP 2GTICOGPVOCRRG OKV CPJ·PIGPFGT 5KGIGNMCRUGN OKV KPNKGIGPFGO /CLGUV·VU 5KGIGN 44 ++ 'TPGPPWPIUWTMWPFG -CTN #NDGTVU XQP 5CXQ[GP (ÒTUVGP XQP %CTKIPCPQ HÒT %QPVG .GQPGNNQ 6JCQP FK 2TCNWPIQ \WO \YGKVGP 5EWFKGTG =-PCRRGP? UGKPGT )GOCJNKP (ÒTUVKP /CTKC 6JGTGUKC &CVKGTV \W 6WTKP CO ,WNK OKV 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV -CTN #NDGTVU KP 2GT ICOGPVOCRRG 4ÒEMUGKVG DGUEJPKVVGP OKV CPJ·PIGPFGO HÒTUVNKEJGP 5KGIGN 44 ++ -CTN #NDGTV XQP 5CXQ[GP UKGDVGT WPF NGV\VGT WPCDJ·PIKIGT (ÒTUV XQP %CTKIPCPQ VTCV PCEJ FGO 6QF FGU MKPFGTNQUGP -ÌPKIU -CTN (GNKZ XQP 5CTFKPKGP TGI UGKV FGUUGP 0CEJHQNIG CP 'T YCT XGTJGKTCVGV OKV /CTKC 6JGTGUKC 'T\JGT\QIKP XQP ¤UVGTTGKEJ 2TKP\GUUKP XQP 6QUMCPC

234


SAMMLUNG ITALIEN

796 (1:1)

-¤0+)4'+%* 0'#2'. 70& -¤0+)4'+%* 5+<+.+'0 $+5 $<9 -¤0+)4'+%* $'+&'4 5+<+.+'0

-ÌPKINKEJGT /KNKV·TKUEJGT 1TFGP FGU JN )GQTI XQP FGT 9KGFGTXGTGKPKIWPI =4GCN 1TFKPG /KNKVCTG FK 5CP )KQTIKQ FGNNC 4KWPKQPG? -TGW\ FGT 4GEJVUTKVVGT =%CXCNKGTG FK FTKVVQ? )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I OKP #DRNCV\WPI KP FGT ITÒPGP 'OCKNNG CWH FGT 8QTFGTUGKVG FGU .QTDGGTMTCP\GU WPF KO XQTFGTUGKVKIGP /G FCKNNQP 4KPI CNVG PKEJV HCEJIGTGEJVG 4GRCTCVWT FGT ¤UG QJPG $CPF $9- <- ++ &GT WTURTÒPINKEJ UKGDGPMNCUUKIG )TQ­ -QNNCPG )TQ­MTGW\ -QOOCPFGWT 4GEJVU WPF )PCFGPTKVVGT )QNFGPG WPF UKNDGTPG /GFCKNNG /KNKV·T 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP YWTFG XQP -ÌPKI (GTFKPCPF + $GKFGT 5K\KNKGP OKV )GUGV\ XQO ,CPWCT IGUVKHVGV CWU #PNC­ FGT UVCVVIGHWPFGPGP 9KGFGTXGTGKPKIWPI FGT DGKFGP -ÌPKITGKEJG 0GCRGN WPF 5K\KNKGP \WO PWPOGJTKIGP -ÌPKITGKEJ $GKFGT 5K\KNKGP &KG -QNNCPGPMNCUUG YWTFG XQP -ÌPKI (TCP\ +

YKGFGT CDIGUEJCHHV 'KPG 4GXKUKQP FGT 5VCVWVGP XQO /CK UEJWH \WU·V\NKEJ FKG -NCUUGP FGT )TQ­QHHK\KGTG WPF 1HHK\KGTG 0CEJ FGO 2NGDKU\KV XQO 1MVQDGT WPF FGT -CRKVWNCVKQP -ÌPKI (TCP\ ++ XQO (GDTWCT KP )CGVC YWTFG FCU -ÌPKITGKEJ $GKFGT 5K\KNKGP RKGOQPVGUKUEJ KVCNKGPKUEJ /KV MÌPKINKEJGO &GMTGV -ÌPKI 8KMVQT 'O OCPWGNU ++ XQP +VCNKGP YWTFG FGT 1TFGP CDIGUEJCHHV -ÌPKI (TCP\ ++ UEJGKPV FGP 1TFGP KO 'ZKN PKEJV YGKVGT XGTNKGJGP \W JCDGP 2TKP\ (GTFKPCPF /CTKC XQP $QWTDQP $GKFGT 5K\KNKGP *GT\QI XQP %CUVTQ JCV FGP 1TFGP PCEJ YKGFGTDGNGDV

798 (1:1)

797 (1:1)

799 (1:1) 797 (1:1)

-ÌPKINKEJGT /KNKV·TKUEJGT 1TFGP FGU JN )GQTI XQP FGT 9KGFGTXGTGKPKIWPI =4GCN 1TFKPG /KNKVCTG FK 5CP )KQTIKQ FGNNC 4KWPKQPG? -TGW\ FGT 4GEJVUTKVVGT =%CXCNKGTG FK FTKVVQ? )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I OKV $CPF GKPKIG #DRNCV\WPIGP KP FGT ITÒPGP 'OCKNNG CWH #XGTU WPF 4GXGTU FGU .QTDGGTMTCP\GU CO QTKIK PCNGP CNVGP $TWUVDCPF $9- <- 444 ++ +++

-ÌPKINKEJGT /KNKV·TKUEJGT 1TFGP FGU JN )GQTI XQP FGT 9KGFGTXGTGKPKIWPI =4GCN 1TFKPG /KNKVCTG FK 5CP )KQTIKQ FGNNC 4KWPKQPG? -TGW\ FGT )PCFGPTKVVGT =%CXCNKGTG FK ITC\KC? KP NGKEJV TGFW\KGTVGT )TÌ­G &WTEJOGUUGT OO )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I CNV OKV <CRRQPNCEM ÒDGT\QIGP FCU 4GXGTU /GFCKNNQP FWTEJ GKPHCEJG #DFGEMWPI MGKP )QNF GTUGV\V CO UEJOCNGP CNVGP $CPFUVÒEM $9- <- ++ +8

-ÌPKINKEJGT /KNKV·TKUEJGT 1TFGP FGU JN )GQTI XQP FGT 9KGFGTXGTGKPKIWPI =4GCN 1TFKPG /KNKVCTG FK 5CP )KQTIKQ FGNNC 4KWPKQPG? /KPKCVWT GKPGU -TGW\GU FGT )PCFGPTKVVGT =%CXCNKGTG FK ITC\KC? )QNF GOCKNNKGTV CO $·PFEJGP 4 ++ #NU /KPKCVWT XQP ITQ­GT 5GNVGPJGKV

235


SAMMLUNG ITALIEN

800 (1:1)

-ÌPKINKEJGT 1TFGP (TCP\ + =4GCNG 1TFKPG FK (TCPEGUEQ +? -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\ &WTEJOGUUGT OO )QNF OCUUKX VNY HGKPUV \KUGNKGTV ITCXKGTV WPF RQNKGTV GOCKNNKGTV I PCJG\W WPUKEJVDCTG *CCT TKUUG CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FGU WPVGTGP WPF QDGTHN·EJNKEJGT 'OCKNNG %JKR CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FGU TGEJVGP -TGW\CTOU KO 4KPI HTCP\ÌUKUEJG 'KPHWJTRWP\G HÒT )QNFYCTGP UGKV 7JW QJPG $CPF $9- <- + ++ #PHGTVKIWPI CWU FGT /KVVG FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU )GUVKHVGV XQP -ÌPKI (TCP\ + $GKFGT 5K\KNKGP OKV )GUGV\ 0T XQO 5GRVGODGT CNU HÒPHMNCU UKIGT )TQ­MTGW\ CO *CNU \W VTCIGP -QOOCPFGWT 4KVVGT )QNFGPG WPF 5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG <KXKN 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP /KV &GMTGV 0T XQO &G\GODGT XGT·PFGTVG -ÌPKI (GTFKPCPF ++ FKG -NCUUGPGKPVGKNWPI YKG HQNIV )TQ­MQTFQP )TQ­MTGW\ -QOOCPFGWT OKV 5VGTP -QOOCPFGWT 4KVVGT WPF -NGKPMTGW\ 0CEJ FGO 2NGDKU\KV XQO 1MVQDGT WPF FGT -CRKVWNCVKQP -ÌPKI (TCP\ ++ XQO (GDTWCT KP )CGVC YWTFG FCU -ÌPKITGKEJ $GKFGT 5K\KNKGP RKGOQPVGUKUEJ KVCNKGPKUEJ /KV MÌPKINKEJGO &GMTGV -ÌPKI 8KMVQT 'OOCPWGNU ++ XQP +VCNKGP YWTFG FGT 1TFGP CDIGUEJCHHV -ÌPKI (TCP\ ++ HWJT LGFQEJ HQTV KJP KP UGKPGO 'ZKN KP 4QO WPF UR·VGT KP ¤UVGTTGKEJ YGKVGT \W XGTNGKJGP /KV /CIKUVTCN &GMTGV 2TKP\ (GTFKPCPF /CTKCU XQP $QWTDQP $GKFGT 5K\KNKGP *GT\QIU XQP %CUVTQ XQO 1MVQDGT YWTFG FGT 1TFGP FWTEJ GKPKIG UVCVWCTKUEJG PFGTWPIGP YKGFGT KPU .GDGP IGTWHGP

236


SAMMLUNG ITALIEN

801 (1:1)

-ÌPKINKEJGT 1TFGP (TCP\ + =4GCNG 1TFKPG FK (TCPEGUEQ +? -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\ &WTEJOGUUGT OO )QNF OCUUKX VNY HGKPUV \KUGNKGTV ITCXKGTV WPF RQNKGTV GOCKNNKGTV I PCJG\W WPUKEJVDCTG OKP QDGTHN·EJNKEJG %JKRU KP FGT YGK­GP 'OCKNNG UQYKG OKP PCJG\W WPUKEJVDCTG 4GRCTCVWTGP FGT TQVGP 'OCKNNG CWH #XGTU WPF 4GXGTU /GFCKNNQP FKG YGK­G 'OCKNNG UVGNNGPYGKUG GVYCU HNGEMKI /GFCKNNQPU GVYCU DGYGINKEJ CWH FGT ¤UG PKEJV KFGPVKHK\KGTDCTG TGEJVGEMKIG 2WP\G QJPG $CPF $9- <- ++ 'ZGORNCT KP JGTXQTTCIGPFGT #PHGTVKIWPIUSWCNKV·V YQJN CWU FGT 5VKHVWPIU\GKV XQP KORQUCPVGO )GYKEJV 'U JCPFGNV UKEJ JKGTDGK WO GKP PQEJ UEJÌPGT WPF FGVCKNNKGTVGT CWUIGHÒJTVGU 'ZGORNCT CNU FKG DGK 5RCFC KP 1) 5 CDIGDKN FGVGP 5VÒEMG

802 (1:1)

-ÌPKINKEJGT 1TFGP (TCP\ + =4GCNG 1TFKPG FK (TCPEGUEQ +? 4KVVGTMTGW\ OKV -TQPG )QNF VNY HGKPUV ITCXKGTV WPF RQNKGTV GOCKNNKGTV I FCU -TGW\EJGP FGT -TQPG HGJNV KO $CPFTKPI HTCP\ÌUKUEJG 'KP HWJTRWP\G HÒT )QNFYCTGP UGKV 7JW CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF $9- <- ++ #PHGTVKIWPI WO FKG /KVVG FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU

237


SAMMLUNG ITALIEN

803 (1:1)

Königlicher Orden Franz I. [Reale Ordine di Francesco I]. 4KVVGTMTGW\ OKV -TQPG )QNF VNY HGKPUV ITCXKGTV WPF RQNKGTV GOCKNNKGTV I CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF OKV CWHIGNGIVGT 4QUGVVG $9- <- R + 'ZGORNCT KP JGTXQTTCIGPFGT #PHGTVKIWPIUSWCNKV·V WO FKG /KVVG FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU +P FKGUGT GTUVMNCUUKIGP 'TJCN VWPI UGNVGP \W HKPFGP

804 (1:1)

805

Medaille zur Erinnerung an die Verteidigung von Gaeta [Medaglia a Ricordo della Difesa di Gaeta]. #WUICDG OKV #PUKEJV FGT ICP\GP (GUVWPI /KPKCVWT FGT $TQP\GOGFCKNNG &WTEJOGUUGT OO FWPMNG $TQP\G CO $CPFTKPI OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG \GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DGHGUVKIV RR ++ &CU 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP EC WPF

Medaille zur Erinnerung an die Verteidigung von Gaeta [Medaglia a Ricordo della Difesa di Gaeta]. #WUICDG OKV 6GKNCPUKEJV FGT (GUVWPI 5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG $TQP\G XGTUKNDGTV -QTTQUKQPUURW TGP CO CNVGP 1TKIKPCNDCPF OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DGHGUVKIV $$ 5 # $9- 44 &CU 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP EC WPF WPF YWTFG NCWV #PICDG XQP GKPGO *GTTP -ÒJPG CWU 5V 2GVGTUDWTI KP +VCNKGP IGMCWHV XQP FGO GU FGT 5COONGT YKGFGTWO CO &G\GODGT GTYQTDGP JCV .CWV $CTCE KP $9- 5 0T UKPF XQP FKGUGT /GFCKNNG KP FKGUGT (QTO PWT 'ZGORNCTG XGTNKGJGP YQTFGP )GIGP 'PFG FGT 'TQDGTWPI FGU -ÌPKITGKEJU $GKFGT 5K\KNKGP FWTEJ UCTFKUEJ RKGOQPVGUKUEJG 6TWRRGP IGNCPI GU -ÌPKI (TCP\ ++ TGI XQP DKU UKEJ OKV UGKPGT )GOCJNKP /CTKC 5QRJKC IGD 2TKP\GUUKP KP $C[GTP

5EJYGUVGT -CKUGTKP 'NKUCDGVJU XQP ¤UVGTTGKEJ XQP )KWUGRRG )CTKDCNFK CWU 0GCRGN XGTVTKG DGP CO 5GRVGODGT KP FKG PÌTFNKEJ XQP 0GCRGN IGNGIGPG (GUVWPI )CGVC \WTÒEM\W\KGJGP *KGT JKGNV GT W C WPVGTUVÒV\V XQP FGO CWU .W\GTP UVCOOGPFGP )GPGTCN (GNKZ XQP 5EJWOCEJGT GKPGT OGJTGTG /QPCVG Y·JTGPFGP $GNCIGTWPI UVCPF DKU GT UEJNKG­NKEJ CO (GDTWCT CWU FGT (GUVWPI HNÒEJVGVG FKG \YGK 6CIG UR·VGT CO (GDTWCT MCRKVWNKGTVG (ÒT KJT #WUJCTTGP KP FGT (GUVWPI GTJKGNV -ÌPKIKP /CTKC 5QRJKC XQO TWUUKUEJGP -CKUGT #NGZCPFGT ++ TGI UGKV FGP 5V )GQTIU 1TFGP +8 -NCUUG XGTNKGJGP CNU GKPG FGT YGPKIGP (TCWGP KP FGT NCPIGP )GUEJKEJVG FGU 1TFGPU

238


SAMMLUNG ITALIEN

806 (1:1)

-¤0+).+%*' (#/+.+' $174$10 $'+&' 5+<+.+'0 5'+6

<GKEJGP FGU -ÌPKINKEJGP 1TFGPU XQO JN ,CPWCTKWU =+PUGIPG 4GCNG 1TFKPG FK 5CP )GPCTQ? -NGKPQF GKPHCEJG #WUHÒJTWPI $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV OKP 'OCKNNG 5RTÒPIG QJPG 5EJWNVGTDCPF ++ &GT 1TFGP DGUVGJV CWEJ PCEJ FGO 7PVGTICPI FGU -ÌPKITGKEJGU $GKFGT 5K\KNKGP DKU \WO JGWVKIGP 6CI CNU F[PCUVKUEJGT *CWUQTFGP FGT MÌPKINKEJGP (COKNKG 'U FÒTHVG UKEJ JKGTDGK WO GKPG #PHGTVKIWPI XQP WO JCPFGNP

807 (1:1) 808 (1:1)

-¤0+).+%*' (#/+.+' $174$10 $'+&' 5+<+.+'0 (4#0<¤5+5%* +6#.+'0+5%*' 1$1'&+'0< 5'+6

*GKNKIGT /KNKV·TKUEJGT -QPUVCPVKPKUEJGT 1TFGP XQP JN )GQTI =5CETQ /KNKVCTG 1TFKPG %QPUVCPVKPK CPQ FK 5CP )KQTIKQ? /QFGNN $TWUVUVGTP FGT )PCFGP 4KVVGT =%CXCNKGTG FK )TC\KC? $WPVOGVCNN VNY XGTUKNDGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC #NDGTVK KP /CKNCPF 52$ 5 ++

*GKNKIGT /KNKV·TKUEJGT -QPUVCPVKPKUEJGT 1TFGP XQO JN )GQTI =5CETQ /KNKVCTG 1TFKPG %QPUVCPVKPK CPQ FK 5CP )KQTIKQ? /QFGNN -TGW\ FGT 8GTFKGPUV 4KVVGT =%CXCNKGTG FK /GTKVQ? 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG 5KNDGTRWP\G CO *CNUDCPF \WUCOOGP OKV /KPKCVWT 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO $·PFEJGP KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC ) )WEEKQPG KP 4QO 52$ 5 ++

239


SAMMLUNG ITALIEN

809 (1:1)

)4155*'4<1)67/ 615-#0# $+5

*GKNKIGT /KNKV·TKUEJGT 1TFGP FGU JN 2CRUVGU WPF /·TV[TGTU 5VGRJCPWU =5CETQ /KNKVCTG 1TFKPG FK 5CPVQ 5VGHCPQ 2CRC G /CTVKTG? $TWUVUVGTP $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV #WHNCIGP )QNF #TOHGNFGT DGNGIV OKV TQVGO )NCU CP 0CFGN OKV \YGK UGKVNKEJGP (KZKGTJCMGP $9- <- ++ 8QP ITQ­GT 5GNVGPJGKV 'KP PCJG\W KFGPVKUEJGU 'ZGORNCT KUV DGK 5RCFC KP 1) 5 HH CDIGDKNFGV DGUEJTKGDGP WPF CWH /KVVG FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU FCVKGTV &GT OKNKV·TKUEJG IGKUVNKEJG 4KVVGTQTFGP YWTFG CWH #PTGIWPI %QUKOQU + FGʼn /GFKEK *GT\QIU FGT 6QU MCPC XQP 2CRUV 2KWU +8 OKV FGT $WNNG *KU SWCGŌ XQO (GDTWCT IGITÒPFGV 5GKPGP 5KV\ JCVVG GT \WP·EJUV CWH 'NDC UR·VGT KP 2KUC &GT 1TFGP XGTHÒIVG ÒDGT GKPG DGFGWVGPFG (NQVVG WPF PCJO OKV FKGUGT CWEJ CP FGT 5EJNCEJV XQP .GRCPVQ IGIGP FKG 1UOCPGP VGKN 8QP 0CRQNGQP + CWHIGJQDGP GTPGWGTVG KJP FGT \WTÒEMIGMGJTVG )TQ­JGT\QI (GTFKPCPF +++

/KV &CVWO XQO &G\GODGT GTJKGNV GT PGWG 5VCVWVGP YQOKV GT CNU JÌEJUVGT VQUMCPKUEJGT 1TFGP KP OGJTGTG -NCUUGP WPVGTVGKNV YWTFG 'T YWTFG OKV &GMTGV FGT 2TQXKUQTKUEJGP 4GIKGTWPI XQO 0QXGODGT CWHIGJQDGP YQIGIGP )TQ­JGT\QI (GTFKPCPF +8 CO /·T\ HQTOGNN RTQVGUVKGTVG /KV 7PVGTUVÒV\WPI FGU *GKNKIGP 5VWJNU GZKUVKGTVG FGT 1TFGP HQTVCP CNU F[PCUVKUEJGT 1TFGP YGKVGT DKU KP FKG )GIGPYCTV &GT\GKVKIGT )TQ­OGKUVGT KUV FGT 6KVWNCT )TQ­ JGT\QI WPF 'T\JGT\QI 5KIKUOWPF XQP ¤UVGTTGKEJ 6QUMCPC IGD

*GKNKIGT /KNKV·TKUEJGT 1TFGP FGU JN 2CRUVGU WPF /·TV[TGTU 5VGRJCPWU =5CETQ /KNKVCTG 1TFKPG FK 5CPVQ 5VGHCPQ 2CRC G /CTVKTG? 5COONWPI XQP EC &QMWOGPVGP FCXQP HÒPH KP &TWEMHQTO WPF 5EJTGKDGP KP *CPFUEJTKHV FGT 1TFGPUMCP\NGK CP FGP 1TFGPUTKVVGT /CTEJGUG #NDGTIQVVQ #NDGTIQVVK KP #TG\\Q /CIKUVTCN 2CIIKQ FGU )TQ­JGT\QIU CWU FGP ,CJTGP DKU FCTWPVGT CWEJ -QRKGP XQP FGUUGP 5EJTGKDGP CP FGP 1TFGP UQYKG GKPKIG 7OUEJN·IG FCXQP GKPGT OKV 1TFGPUUKGIGN /GKUV IGHCNVGV KP WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP 'TJCNVWPIGP LGFQEJ OGKUV QTFGPVNKEJ 44 ++ /CTEJGUG #NDGTIQVVQ #NDGTIQVVK IGUV IGJÌTVG FGT JGWVG PQEJ DNÒJGPFGP YQJN GKPHNW­TGKEJUVGP WPF UQYQJN RQNKVKUEJ OKNKV·TKUEJ CNU CWEJ MKTEJNKEJ DGFGWVGPFUVGP (COKNKG FGT UÒFVQUMCPKUEJGP 5VCFV #TG\\Q CP &KG YQJN WT URTÒPINKEJ HT·PMKUEJG (COKNKG OCPKHGUVKGTVG UKEJ UEJQP WO KP #TG\\Q OKV 6GQDCNFQ #NDGTIQVVK <CJNTGKEJG $CWYGTMG FGT 5VCFV UQ \ $ FGT 2CNC\\Q #NDGTIQVVK IGJGP CWH UKG \WTÒEM &CU (COKNKGPCTEJKX XQP FGO UKEJ JGWVG 6GKNG KO 5VCCVUCTEJKX XQP #TG\\Q DGHKPFGP IGJÌTV \W FGP DGFGWVGPFUVGP #TEJKXCNKGP FGT 5VCFV

240


SAMMLUNG ITALIEN

811 (1:1)

812 (1:1)

812 (1:1)

8GTFKGPUVQTFGP XQO JN ,QUGRJ =1TFKPG FGN /GTKVQ UQVVQ KN 6KVQNQ FK 5CP )KWUGRRG? $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­MTGW\ 5KNDGTDNGEJ CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG CNVGU 2GTICOGPV GKPIGMNGDV OKV JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJGT 'KPVTCIWPI /CTEJGUG %CTNQ #TCNFK 6QTTGUKPK )GPPCLQ CP 0CFGN $9- <- 44 ++ #PHGTVKIWPI CWU FGO GTUVGP &TKVVGN FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU XQP CNNGTITÌ­VGT 5GNVGPJGKV /CTEJGUG %CTNQ #TCNFK 6QT TGUKPK KUV KO VQUMCPKUEJGP #NOCPCEJ XQP CNU VQUMCPKUEJGT -COOGTJGTT WPF 4KVVGT FGU )TQ­MTGW\GU FGU 5V ,QUGRJQTFGPU XGT\GKEJPGV 0CEJFGO 'T\JGT\QI (GTFKPCPF GJGOCNKIGT )TQ­JGT\QI FGT 6QUMCPC -WTHÒTUV XQP 9ÒT\DWTI CO 5GRVGODGT FGO 4JGKPDWPF DGKIGVTGVGP YCT WPF FGP 6KVGN GKPGU )TQ­JGT\QIU XQP 9ÒT\DWTI CPIGPQOOGP JCVVG UVKHVGVG GT CO /·T\ FGP FTGKMNCUUKIGP )TQ­MTGW\ -QOOCPFGWT WPF 4KVVGT CNNIGOGKPGP 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP 0CEJ UGKPGT 4ÒEMMGJT KP FKG 6QUMCPC KO #RTKN ÒDGTVTWI GT CWEJ FGP 1TFGP FQTVJKP YQ GT CO /·T\ PGWG 5VCVWVGP GTJKGNV /KV &GMTGV FGT RTQXKUQTKUEJGP VQUMCPKUEJGP 4GIKGTWPI XQO /·T\ YWTFG FGT 1TFGP CWHIGJQDGP YCU LGFQEJ XQP )TQ­JGT\QI (GTFKPCPF +8 PKEJV CPGTMCPPV YWTFG FGT HQTVHWJT FGP 1TFGP CWEJ KO 'ZKN \W XGTNGKJGP #O 5GRVGODGT YWTFG GT KP 5V )KNIGP XQP 6KVWNCT )TQ­JGT\QI )QVVHTKGF XQP 6QUMCPC GTPGWGTV &GT\GKVKI YKTF GT XQP 6KVWNCT )TQ­JGT\QI 5KIKUOWPF XQP ¤UVGTTGKEJ 6QUMCPC IGD XGTNKGJGP

8GTFKGPUVQTFGP XQO JN ,QUGRJ =1TFKPG FGN /GTKVQ UQVVQ KN 6KVQNQ FK 5CP )KWUGRRG? -QOOCPFGWTU MTGW\ )QNF VNY ITCXKGTV \KUGNKGTV WPF GOCKNNKGTV I PCJG\W WPUKEJVDCTG *CCTTKUUG WPF NGKEJVG (NGEMGP KP FGT YGK­GP 'OCKNNG QJPG *CNUDCPF $9- <- + ++ #PHGTVKIWPI CWU FGT /KVVG FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU

241


SAMMLUNG ITALIEN

813 (1:1)

815 (1:1)

815 (1:1)

814 (1:1)

8GTFKGPUVQTFGP XQO JN ,QUGRJ =1TFKPG FGN /GTKVQ UQVVQ KN 6KVQNQ FK 5CP )KWUGRRG? 4KVVGTMTGW\ )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I CWH FGT 4Ã’EMUGKVG GKPGU #TOGU MNGKPG 'OCKNNG #DRNCV\WPI CO UR·VGTGP LGFQEJ CNVGP &TGKGEMUDCPF $9- <- ++ ++ +++

<KXKN 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP =1TFKPG FGN /GTKVQ %KXKNG? /QFGNN $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­MTGW\ 5KNDGT CWH FGT 4Ã’EMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC 'FWCTF 3WGNNJQTUV KP /Ã’PEJGP CP 0CFGN $9- <- 4 ++ +P FKGUGT HTÃ’JGP #WUHÃ’JTWPI FGU DGFGWVGPFGP /Ã’PEJGPGT ,WYGNKGTU UGNVGP &GT OKV &GMTGV XQO (GDTWCT XQP )TQ­JGT\QI .GQRQNF ++ FGT 6QUMCPC FTGKMNCUUKIG )TQ­ MTGW\ CWU )QNF CO *CNU \W VTCIGP -QOOCPFGWT CWU )QNF CO $TWUVDCPF \W VTCIGP 4KVVGT 5KNDGT CO $TWUVDCPF \W VTCIGP IGUVKHVGVG /KNKV·T 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP YWTFG OKV &GMTGV FGT RTQXKUQTKUEJGP VQUMCPKUEJGP 4GIKGTWPI XQO /·T\ CWHIGJQDGP <KXKN 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP =1TFKPG FGN /GTKVQ %KXKNG? /QFGNN -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\ )QNF HGKPUV ITCXKGTV WPF GOCKNNKGTV I CO UR·VGTGP *CNUDCPF $9- <- 4 +

242


SAMMLUNG ITALIEN

816

*QHFCOGP &GMQTCVKQP FGT )TQ­JGT\QIKP /CTKC #PVQPKC =&GEQTC\KQPG FK &COC F 1PQTG FGNNC )TCP &WEJGUUC /CTKC #PVQPKC? Z OO )QNF HGKPUV \KUGNKGTV VNY ITCXKGTV WPF GOCKNNKGTV I OKP MCWO UKEJVDCTG %JKRU WPF *CCTTKUUG KP FGT YGK­GP 'OCKNNG GVYCU XGTUEJOWV\V QJPG $CPF KO QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK 444 ++ 'ZGORNCT KP JGTXQTTCIGPFGT #PHGTVKIWPIUSWCNKV·V FGT GT ,CJTG KP GTUVMNCUUKIGT 'TJCNVWPI 8QP CNNGTITÌ­VGT 5GNVGPJGKV KPUDGUQPFGTG KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK 'KP KFGPVKUEJGU 'ZGORNCT CP GKPGT &COGPUEJNGKHG OQPVKGTV KUV DGK 5RCFC KP 1) 5 CDIGDKNFGV /CTKC #PVQPKC 2TKP\GUUKP $QWTDQP $GKFGT 5K\KNKGP YCT GKPG 6QEJVGT 2TKP\ (TCP\ XQP 0GCRGN 5K\KNKGP CD -ÌPKI (TCP\ ++ $GKFGT 5K\KNKGP WPF FGUUGP 'JGHTCW /CTKC -NGOGPVKPG XQP ¤UVGTTGKEJ #O ,WPK JGKTCVGVG UKG FGP XGTYKVYGVGP WPF UKGD\GJP ,CJTG ·NVGTGP )TQ­JGT\QI .GQRQNF ++ FGT 6QU MCPC YQFWTEJ UKG )TQ­JGT\QIKP FGT 6QUMCPC YWTFG <WUCOOGP OKV KJTGO /CPP KP ¤UVGTTGKEJ KO 'ZKN NGDGPF XGTUVCTD UKG CO 0QXGODGT KP )OWPFGP KP ¤UVGTTGKEJ &KG *QHFCOGPFGMQTCVKQP FÒTHVG MWT\ PCEJ KJTGT *GKTCV OKV .GQRQNF ++ IGUVKHVGV YQTFGP UGKP

817

'4<*'4<1).+%*' (#/+.+' ¤56'44'+%* 615-#0# 6+67.#4 )4155*'4<1)' 810 615-#0# 5'+6

*GKNKIGT /KNKV·TKUEJGT 1TFGP FGU JN 2CRUVGU WPF /·TV[TGTU 5VGRJCPWU =5CETQ /KNKVCTG 1TFKPG FK 5CPVQ 5VGHCPQ 2CRC G /CTVKTG? $TWUVUVGTP $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN OKV \YGK UGKVNK EJGP (KZKGTJCMGP $9- <- 4 ++ /QFGTPG #PHGTVKIWPI CWU FGO NGV\VGP &TKVVGN FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU FGPPQEJ UGJT UGNVGP /KV 7PVGTUVÒV\WPI FGU *GKNKIGP 5VWJNU GZKUVKGTV FGT 1TFGP UGKV CNU F[PCUVKUEJGT 1TFGP YGKVGT DKU KP FKG )GIGP YCTV &GT\GKVKIGT )TQ­OGKUVGT KUV FGT 6KVWNCT )TQ­JGT\QI WPF 'T\JGT\QI 5KIKUOWPF XQP ¤UVGTTGKEJ 6QUMCPC IGD

243


SAMMLUNG ITALIEN

818 (1:1)

818 (1:1)

<KXKN 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP =1TFKPG FGN /GTKVQ %KXKNG? /QFGNN UGKV )TQ­QHHK\KGTU 5GV DGUVGJGPF CWU )TQ­QHHK\KGTU -TGW\ &WTEJOGUUGT OO )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I KO 6TCIGTKPI *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G (4 FGT (KTOC 4QVJG KP 9KGP WPF )QNFRWP\G HÃ’T GT )QNF XQP DKU )COUMQRH CO PKEJV MQTTGMVGP PGWGP *CNUDCPF #DUEJPKVV WPF $TWUVUVGTP ·NVGTG #WUHÃ’JTWPI OKV UGRCTCV GKPIGUGV\VGP 5VTCJNGPDÃ’PFGNP \YKUEJGP FGP #TOGP 5KNDGT VNY ITCXKGTV WPF \KUGNKGTV CP 0CFGN FKGUG OKV *GTUVGN NGTDG\GKEJPWPI XQP 4QVJG WPF 9KGPGT #OVURWP\GP # # $9- <- 4 + ++ 'ZGORNCTG KP JGTXQTTCIGPFGT #PHGTVKIWPIUSWCNKV·V CWU FGO NGV\VGP 8KGTVGN FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU +P FKGUGT GTUVMNCUUK IGP 'TJCNVWPI UGNVGP \W HKPFGP 0CJG\W KFGPVKUEJG +PUKIPKGP UKPF DGK 5RCFC KP 1) 5 CDIGDKNFGV &GT UKEJ \W FKGUGO <GKVRWPMV DGTGKVU KO 'ZKN DGHKPFNKEJG )TQ­JGT\QI (GTFKPCPF +8 GTMCPPVG FKG #WHJG DWPI FGU 1TFGPU FWTEJ FKG 2TQXKUQTKUEJG 4GIKGTWPI CO /·T\ LGFQEJ PKEJV CP UQPFGTP GTYGKVGTVG FGP 1TFGP OKV &GMTGV XQO 0QXGODGT WPVGT FGT $G\GKEJPWPI <KXKN WPF /KNKV·T 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP YQDGK UKEJ FKG +PUKIPKGP FWTEJ FKGUDG\Ã’INKEJG +PUEJTKHVGP /GTKVQ %KXKNG QFGT /GTKVQ /KNKVCTG WPVGTUEJKGFGP &GT 1TFGP WOHC­VG PWPOGJT HÃ’PH -NCUUGP )TQ­MTGW\ )TQ­QHHK\KGT -QOOCPFGWT 1HHK\KGT WPF 4KVVGT 5KNDGT #D GKPGO WPDGMCPPVGP <GKVRWPMV ICD GU UKNDGTPG -TGW\G OKV WPF QJPG -TQPG 1D GU UKEJ JKGTDGK WO GKPG YGKVGTG 5VWHG 4KVVGT GTUVGT WPF \YGKVGT -NCUUG JCPFGNV MQPPVG DKUJGT PKEJV KP 'THCJTWPI IGDTCEJV YGTFGP &GU 9GKVGTGP YWTFG GDGPHCNNU CD GKPGO WPDGMCPPVGP <GKVRWPMV GKP 'JTGPMTGW\ XGTNKGJGP FCU KO /GFCKNNQP UVCVV FGT $G\GKEJPWPI /GTKVQ %KXKNG QFGT /GTKVQ /KNKVCTG GKPGP UVKNKUKGTVGP .QTDGGTMTCP\ \GKIV /KV &GMTGV XQO (GDTWCT YWTFG GKPG HÃ’PHUVWHKIG

)TQ­G WPF -NGKPG )QNFGPG )TQ­G WPF -NGKPG 5KNDGTPG WPF $TQP\G FGO 1TFGP CHHKNKKGTVG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG IGUVKHVGV 0CEJ FGO 6QF )TQ­JGT\QI (GTFKPCPFU +8 CO ,CPWCT YWTFGP NCWV 6TQUV KP 64 5 FKG 8GT NGKJWPIGP GKPIGUVGNNV /KV &GMTGV XQO (GDTWCT JCV FGT FGT\GKVKIG 6KVWNCT )TQ­JGT\QI 'T\JGT\QI 5KIKUOWPF XQP ¤UVGTTGKEJ 6QUMCPC IGD FGP 1TFGP YKGFGTDGNGDV

244

818 (1:1)


SAMMLUNG ITALIEN

819 (1:1)

821 (1:1)

819 (1:1)

820 (1:1)

<KXKN 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP =1TFKPG FGN /GTKVQ %KXKNG? /QFGNN UGKV 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\ )QNF VNY HGKPUV ITCXKGTV WPF RQNKGTV GOCKNNKGTV I OKV $CPF KO $CPFTKPI *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G FGT (KTOC 4QVJG 0GHHG KP 9KGP WPF )QNFRWP\G HÒT GT )QNF XQP DKU )COUMQRH CO QTKIKPCNGP &TGK GEMUDCPF $9- <- +

<KXKN 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP =1TFKPG FGN /GTKVQ %KXKNG? /QFGNN UGKV 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\ )QNF VNY HGKPUV ITCXKGTV WPF RQNKGTV GOCKNNKGTV I OKV $CPF KO $CPFTKPI *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G FGT (KTOC 4QVJG 0GHHG KP 9KGP WPF )QNFRWP\G HÒT GT )QNF XQP DKU )COUMQRH CO QTKIKPCNGP &TGK GEMUDCPF \WUCOOGP OKV /KPKCVWTMTGW\ )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I QJPG $·PFEJGP KO QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCT DGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK XQP 4QVJG WPF 0GHHG $9- <- 44 ++ 'ZGORNCT KP JGTXQTTCIGPFGT #PHGTVKIWPIUSWCNKV·V CWU FGO NGV\VGP 8KGTVGN FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU +P FKGUGT GTUVMNCUUK IGP 'TJCNVWPI WPF KO 1TKIKPCNGVWK \WUCOOGP OKV /KPKCVWT UGNVGP \W HKPFGP 'KP PCJG\W KFGPVKUEJGU 'ZGORNCT FGU 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\GU KUV DGK 5RCFC KP 1) 5 CDIGDKNFGV

<KXKN 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP =1TFKPG FGN /GTKVQ %KXKNG? /QFGNN UGKV 4KVVGTMTGW\ 5KNDGT /GFCKN NQPU )QNF VNY HGKPUV ITCXKGTV WPF GOCKNNKGTV KO $CPFTKPI PKEJV KFGPVKHK\KGTDCTG *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G 2WP\G HÒT GT 5KNDGT XQP DKU 9KPFJWPFMQRH $ WPF 2WP\G HÒT GT 5KNDGT XQP DKU $ .ÌYGPMQRH CO QTKIKPCNGP &TGKGEMUDCPF $9- <- ++

245


SAMMLUNG ITALIEN

822

823

<KXKN 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP =1TFKPG FGN /GTKVQ %KXKNG? /QFGNN UGKV UQIGP 'JTGPMTGW\ QJPG 'KEJGPMTCP\ WPF OKV XGT·PFGTVGO #XGTU /GFCKNNQP 5KNDGT /GFCKNNQPU )QNF VNY HGKPUV ITCXKGTV WPF GOCKNNKGTV KO $CPFTKPI 2WP\G HÒT GT 5KNDGT XQP DKU 9KPFJWPFMQRH $ CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF $9- <- + #D GKPGO WPDGMCPPVGP <GKVRWPMV YWTFG GKP 'JTGPMTGW\ XGTNKGJGP FCU KO /GFCKNNQP UVCVV FGT $G\GKEJPWPI /GTKVQ %KXKNG QFGT /GTKVQ /KNKVCTG GKPGP UVKNKUKGTVGP .QTDGGTMTCP\ \GKIV /KNKV·T 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP =1TFKPG FGN /GTKVQ /KNKVCTG? 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\ )QNF VNY ITCXKGTV WPF GOCKN NKGTV I \YGK $N·VVEJGP FGU 'KEJGPNCWD -TCP\GU HGJNGP FKG $GHGUVKIWPI \YGKGT YGKVGTGT TGUVCWTKGTV #WHJ·PIWPI FGT -TQPG TGRCTKGTV FKG 4ÒEMUGKVG FGU QDGTGP #TOGU VNY IGNDHNGEMKI QJPG 2WP\KGTWPI CO PGWGP &TGKGEMUDCPF $9- <- 4 +++

825 (1:1) 824 (1:1)

824 (1:1)

0#21.'10+5%*'5 -¤0+)4'+%* +6#.+'0

1TFGP FGT 'KUGTPGP -TQPG =1TFKPG FGNNC %QTQPC FK HGTTQ 1TFTG FG NC %QWTQPPG FG HGT? -QO OCPFGWTU &GMQTCVKQP Z OO )QNF VNY ITCXKGTV WPF \KUGNKGTV GOCKNNKGTV I OGJTGTG 'OCKNNG #DRNCV\WPIGP KP FGP <CEMGP FGT -TQPG CO MCPPGNKGTVGP $CPFTKPI QJPG 2WP\KGTWPI QJPG $CPF KO CNVGP PKEJV \WIGJÌTKIGP 'VWK HÒT GKPG 6CUEJGPWJT $9- <- ++ 8QP CNNGTITÌ­VGT 5GNVGPJGKV &KG -QOOCPFGWTU &GMQTCVKQP KP (QTO WPF )TÌ­G OGJT QFGT YGPKIGT INGKEJ FGT 4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP LGFQEJ ICP\ KP )QNF IGHGTVKIV YWTFG DGK FKGUGO 1TFGP PKEJV CO *CNUDCPF UQPFGTP CP FGT $TWUV CP GKPGO $TWUVDCPF OKV CWHIGNGI VGT 5EJNGKHG IGVTCIGP 0CEJ FGT #PPCJOG FGU 6KVGNU GKPGU -ÌPKIU XQP +VCNKGP NKG­ UKEJ 0CRQNGQP + CO /CK KO &QO \W /CKNCPF OKV FGT UQIGPCPPVGP 'KUGTPGP -TQPG XQP /QP\C \WO -ÌPKI MTÌPGP WPF OCEJVG UKG UQ \WO 5[ODQN UGKPGU -ÌPKITGKEJU /KV MÌPKINKEJGO &GMTGV XQO ,WPK UVKHVGVG GT PWT YGPKIG 6CIG UR·VGT FGP FTGKMNCUUKIGP &KI PKVCT -QOOCPFGWT WPF 4KVVGT 1TFGP \WT $GNQJPWPI HÒT FGT -TQPG IGNGKUVGVG &KGPUVG UQYQJN OKNKV·TKUEJGT CNU CWEJ OCIKUVTCNGT CFOKPKUVTCVKXGT WPF MÒPUVNGTKUEJGT 0CVWT 0CEJFGO KO ,CJTG KP (QNIG FGU 9KGPGT -QPITGUUGU FCU -ÌPKITGKEJ .QODCTFQ 8GPGVKGP ÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJ IGYQTFGP YCT YWTFGP FKG 4KVVGT FGU FWTEJ 0CRQNGQPU #DFCPMWPI HCMVKUEJ GTNQUEJGPGP 1TFGPU PQEJ KO UGNDGP ,CJT CWHIGHQTFGTV KJTG HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP +PUKIPKGP CP FKG ÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJG 1DTKIMGKV CD\WIGDGP FC FKGUG PKEJV YGKVGT IGVTC IGP YGTFGP FWTHVGP 5KG GTJKGNVGP FCHÒT KO )GIGP\WI FKG +PUKIPKGP FGU XQP -CKUGT (TCP\ + CO (GDTWCT CNU FTGKMNCUUKIGP CNNIGOGKPGP 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP PGW IGUVKHVGVGP ¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJ -CKUGTNKEJGP 1TFGPU FGT 'KUGTPGP -TQPG FKG UKG HQTVCP VTCIGP FWTHVGP

1TFGP FGT 'KUGTPGP -TQPG =1TFKPG FGNNC %QTQPC FK HGTTQ 1TFTG FG NC %QWTQPPG FG HGT? -QO OCPFGWTU &GMQTCVKQP KP NGKEJV TGFW\KGTVGT )TÌ­G Z OO )QNF VNY ITCXKGTV WPF \KUGNKGTV I OKV $CPF GOCKNNKGTV FKG IGUCOVG 'OCKNNKGTWPI GTPGWGTV =GPCOGNU EQORNGVGN[ TGPGYGF? CO MCPPGNKGTVGP $CPFTKPI FKGUGT OKV 2WP\G FGT MNGKPGP )CTCPVKG HÒT )QNF XQP DKU *CJPGP MQRH OKV $GUV·VKIWPIURWP\G FGT MNGKPGP )CTCPVKG HÒT )QNF UGKV #FNGTMQRH CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP $CPF LGFQEJ QJPG FKG $CPFUEJNGKHG 444 ++ 'ZGORNCT CWU WPUGTGT #WMVKQP XQO ,WPK -CV 0T FGUUGP <WUEJNCI FCOCNU YGIGP WPXQNNUV·PFK IGT $GUEJTGKDWPI FKG 'OCKNNG 4GUVCWTKGTWPIGP YCTGP PKEJV GTY·JPV YQTFGP CPPWNNKGTV YWTFG

246


SAMMLUNG ITALIEN

(1:3)

826

-¤0+)4'+%*

#WU\GKEJPWPIU 0CEJNC­ FGU $TKICFGIGPGTCNU %CTNQ )TCH 2CRC FK %QUVKINKQNG DGUVGJGPF CWU PGWP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP +VCNKGP 1TFGP FGT -TQPG XQP +VCNKGP 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\ )QNF GOCKNNKGTV CO $CPF OKV 4QUGVVG +VCNKGP /KNKV·T &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI -TGW\ HÒT ::8 &KGPUVLCJTG )QNF CO $CPF (TCPMTGKEJ 1TFGP FGU 5EJYCT\GP 5VGTPU XQP $GPKP 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO $CPF OKV 4QUGVVG ¤UVGTTGKEJ (TCP\ ,QUGRJU 1TFGP -QOVWTMTGW\ )QNF GOCKNNKGTV /GFCKNNQP CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG \W ÌHHPGP KO $CPFTKPI *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G )4 QJPG $CPF 4WO·PKGP 1TFGP FGU 5VGTPU XQP 4WO·PKGP -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP ÒDGT FGO -TGW\ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKN NKGTV CWH FGO 4CPF FGU WPVGTGP -TGW\CTOU *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC 4GUEJ KO 4KPI TWO·PKUEJG 2WP\G HÒT GT 5KNDGT CO *CNUDCPF 5GTDKGP 1TFGP FGU JN 5CXC /QFGNN #WUHÒJTWPI CWH FGO 4GXGTU FGT *GKNKIG KO 4QVGP )GYCPF ņ -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO *CNUDCPF 5GTDKGP 'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG HÒT FGP 5GTDKUEJ 6ÒTMKUEJGP -TKGI CO UVCTM \GTUEJNKUUGPGP $TWUVDCPF 5GTDKGP 'TKPPGTWPIUMTGW\ HÒT FGP 5GTDKUEJ $WNICTKUEJGP -TKGI CO $TWUVDCPF 5GTDKGP 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ FGU 5GTDKUEJGP 4QVGP -TGW\GU /QFGNN 5KNDGT GOCKNNKGTV CO &TGKGEMUDCPF +VCNKGP 2CCT -TCIGPCD\GKEJGP HÒT #FLWVCPVGP FGU -ÌPKIU 5KN DGT VNY XGTIQNFGV OKV $GHGUVKIWPIUUEJTCWDGP &C\W GKP 2JQVQ FGU 6T·IGTU CWH FGO GT CNNG FKGUG #WU \GKEJPWPIGP VT·IV GKPG 8KUKVGPMCTVG CNU *CWRVOCPP WPF GKPG 'KPNCFWPI \WO &ÄPGT OKV FGO -ÌPKI XQP 5GTDKGP FCVKGTV ++ %CTNQ )TCH 2CRC FK %QUVKINKQNG YWTFG CNU 5QJP FGU 1HHK\KGTU )KWUGRRG )TCH 2CRC FK %QUVKINKQNG KP (NQTGP\ IGDQTGP 0CEJ UGKPGO 'KPVTKVV KP FCU KVCNKGPKUEJG *GGT YWTFG GT 7PVGTNGWVPCPV WPF CNU *CWRVOCPP UGKV /KVINKGF KO )GPGTCNUVCD YWTFG GT OKNKV·TKUEJGT /KVCTDGKVGT CP FGT KVCNKGPKUEJGP $QVUEJCHV KP $WMCTGUV FCPCEJ DKU KP $GNITCF YQ GT CP FGP DGKFGP $CNMCPMTKGIGP WPF VGKNPCJO \WO /CLQT DGHÌT FGTV YWTFG GT KO INGKEJGP ,CJT CWEJ \WO 'JTGP (GNFCFLWVCPV FGU -ÌPKIU GTPCPPV 8QP DKU FKGPVG GT CNU 5VCDUEJGH FGT &KXKUKQP YWTFG CNU 1DGTUV 5VCDUEJGH FGU ++ #TOGGMQTRU 5VCDUEJGH FGT #TOGG WPF UEJNKG­NKEJ 5VCDUEJGH FGT HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP /KNKV·TOKUUKQP KP (TCPMTGKEJ YWTFG GT \WT # 4 3 #URGVVCVKXC RGT 4KFW\KQPG 3WCFTK XGTUGV\V WPF \WO $TKICFGIGPGTCN DGHÌTFGTV XGTNKG­ GT FGP CMVKXGP &KGPUV WPF VTCV \WT 4GUGTXG ÒDGT KUV GT KP #NCUUKQ IGUVQTDGP

247


SAMMLUNG ITALIEN

827

829

828

1TFGP FGT JGKNKIGP /CWTKVKWU WPF .C\CTWU =1TFKPG FGK 5CPVK /CWTK\KQ G .C\CTQ? $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­MTGW\ =)TCP %TQEG? 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV #WHNCIGP )QNF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG \GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC & %TCXCP\QNC KP 4QO CP 0CFGN $9- <- + ++ #PHGTVKIWPI WO #O 1MVQDGT UVKHVGVG #OCFGWU 8++ CNU GTUVGT *GT\QI XQP 5CXQ[GP FGP 5V /CWTKVKWU 1TFGP FGT UKEJ LGFQEJ OKV FGUUGP 6QF YKGFGT CWHNÌUVG 'TUV KO ,CJTG GPVUEJNQ­ UKEJ *GT\QI 'OOCPWGN 2JKNKDGTV \W GKPGT 4GUVCWTKG TWPI FGU 1TFGPU CNU *CWUQTFGP &QEJ DGTGKVU KO INGKEJGP ,CJT XGTGKPKIVG 2CRUV )TGIQT :+++ OKV FGT $WNNG 2TQ EQOOKUUC XQO 0QXGODGT FGP 1TFGP OKV FGO CNVGP 5V .C\CTWU 1TFGP FGU *GKNKIGP .CPFGU &CFWTEJ YWTFG FGT %JGH FGU *CWUGU 5CXQ[GP CWH GYKI )TQ­OGKUVGT FGU &QRRGN 1TFGPU OKV FGT -QPUGSWGP\ FC­ FGT FGT \GKVKIG %JGH FGU *CWUGU 8KMVQT 'OOCPWGN 2TKP\ XQP 0GCRGN DKU KP FKG )GIGPYCTV FGP 1TFGP XGTNGKJV /KV &GMTGV XQO &G\GODGT YCPFGNVG -ÌPKI -CTN #NDGTV XQP 5CTFKPKGP FGP 1TFGP KP GKPGP FTGKMNCUUKIGP 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP WO /KV &GMTGV XQO /·T\ YWTFG FKG -NCUUG FGT 4GEJVUTKVVGT XQP -ÌPKI 8KMVQT 'OOC PWGN ++ CWHIGJQDGP WPF OKV &GMTGV XQO &G\GODGT FKG -NCUUGP -QOOCPFGWT -NCUUG CD )TQ­QHHK \KGT WPF 1HHK\KGT IGUEJCHHGP /KV FGT )TÒPFWPI FGU -ÌPKITGKEJGU +VCNKGP YWTFG FGT 1TFGP \W FGUUGP JÌEJUVGO 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP YCU GT DKU \WT #WHJGDWPI FGT /QPCTEJKG DNKGD #WEJ PCEJ FGO 7PVGTICPI FGT /QPCTEJKG KP +VCNKGP DGUVCPF FGT 1TFGP YGKVGT WPVGT FGO )TQ­OGKUVGTVWO -ÌPKI 7ODGTVQU ++ WPF FGUUGP 5QJP 2TKP\ 8KMVQT 'OOCPWGN XQP 5CXQ[GP #O ,WPK GTJKGNV FGT WO GKPG #DVGK NWPI HÒT &COGP GTYGKVGTVG PWPOGJT UGEJUMNCUUKIG 1TFGP PGWG 5VCVWVGP 8IN CWEJ 5RCFC #PVQPKQ 1TFKPK &KPCU VKEK FGNNC 4GCN %CUC FK 5CXQKC $TGUEKC $CUECR¾ )KCEQOQ % )NK 1TFKPK %CXCNNGTGUEJK KP +VCNKC 5VQTKC G &KTKVVQ /CKNCPF 5 HH (GTTK (CDTK\KQ 1TFKPK %CXCNNGTGUEJK G &GEQTC\KQPK KP +VCNKC /QFGPC 5 HH .CWTGCW )¾TCTF . 1TFTG FGU 5CKPVU /CWTKEG GV .C\CTG 7PXGTÌHHGPVNKEJVGU /CPWUMTKRV 5VTC­DWTI QJPG ,CJT

1TFGP FGT JGKNKIGP /CWTKVKWU WPF .C\CTWU =1TFKPG FGK 5CPVK /CWTK\KQ G .C\CTQ? 8GTNGKJWPIUWT MWPFG \WO )TQ­MTGW\ =)TCP %TQEG? HÒT FGP RTGW­KUEJGP )GPGTCNNGWVPCPV (TKGFTKEJ XQP 5EJQNN )GPGTCN #FLWVCPV FGU &GWVUEJGP -CKUGTU FCVKGTV 4QO CO ,WNK OKV 2T·IGUKGIGN FGU 1TFGPU WPF 1TKIK PCNWPVGTUEJTKHV FGU 'TUVGP 5GMTGV·TU FGU -ÌPKIU #NGUUCPFTQ #UKPCTK FK 5CP /CT\CPQ GVYCU XGTHNGEMV ++ (TKGFTKEJ XQP 5EJQNN \WNGV\V )GPGTCNQDGTUV YCT )GPGTCN #FLWVCPV -CKUGT 9KNJGNOU ++ 9GKVGTG 7TMWP FGP XQP 5EJQNNU UKGJG -CV 0T WPF

1TFGP FGT JGKNKIGP /CWTKVKWU WPF .C\CTWU =1TFKPG FGK 5CPVK /CWTK\KQ G .C\CTQ? /KPKCVWTMQNNCPG HÒT 4KVVGT FGU )TQ­MTGW\GU /QFGNN OKV /QPQITCOOGP -ÌPKI 8KMVQT 'OCPWGNU ++ 5KNDGT XGTIQN FGV VNY GOCKNNKGTV OKV XKGT CPJ·PIGPFGP /KPKCVWTGP 1TFGP FGT -TQPG XQP +VCNKGP ¤UVGTTGKEJ (TCP\ ,QUGRJ 1TFGP *GKNKIGT 5VWJN )TGIQTKWU 1TFGP 5RCPKGP 1TFGP +UCDGNNCU FGT -CVJQNKUEJGP ,GYGKNU 1TFGPUMTGW\ )QNF GOCKNNKGTV 44 ++ 8QP CNNGTITÌ­VGT 5GNVGPJGKV

248


SAMMLUNG ITALIEN

830

831

1TFGP FGT JGKNKIGP /CWTKVKWU WPF .C\CTWU =1TFKPG FGK 5CPVK /CWTK\KQ G .C\CTQ? $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­QHHK\KGT =)TCP 7HHKEKCNG? 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV #WHNCIG 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV QJPG *CCT TKUUG FKG -WIGNP KP 1TFPWPI CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC ' )CTFKPQ 5WEE %TCXCP\QNC KP 4QO CP 0CFGN $9- <- + ++ #PHGTVKIWPI \YKUEJGP WPF /KV MÌPKINKEJGO &GMTGV XQO &G\GODGT UVKHVGVG -ÌPKI -CTN #NDGTV TGI UGKV XQP 5CTFKPKGP FKG -QOOCPFGWTUMNCUUG FGU 1TFGPU YQDGK FCU 1TFGPUMTGW\ CO *CNU QJPG ªDGTJÌJWPI IGVTCIGP YWTFG FKG FWTEJ MÌPKINKEJGU &GMTGV -ÌPKI 8KMVQT 'OCPWGNU ++ TGI UGKV XQO 0QXGODGT KP \YGK -NCUUGP

WPF -NCUUG WPVGTVGKNV YWTFG YQDGK KP FGT -NCUUG \WU·V\NKEJ \WO *CNUMTGW\ GKP XKGTUVTCJNKIGT $TWUVUVGTP CWH FGT NKPMGP $TWUVUGKVG IGVTCIGP YWTFG /KV MÌPKINKEJGO &GMTGV XQO (GDTWCT YWTFG FCPP FKG -NCUUG FGT -QOOCPFGWTG + -NCUUG KP )TQ­QHHK\KGTG WODGPCPPV

1TFGP FGT JGKNKIGP /CWTKVKWU WPF .C\CTWU =1TFKPG FGK 5CPVK /CWTK\KQ G .C\CTQ? $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­QHHK\KGT =)TCP 7HHKEKCNG? 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV #WHNCIG 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV *CCTTKUUG FKG -WIGNP KP 1TFPWPI QJPG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI CP 0CFGN $9- <- ++ #PHGTVKIWPI \YKUEJGP WPF

833 832

1TFGP FGT JGKNKIGP /CWTKVKWU WPF .C\CTWU =1TFKPG FGK 5CPVK /CWTK\KQ G .C\CTQ? -QOVWTMTGW\ =%QOOGPFCVQTG? /QFGNN QJPG -TQPG ņ DKU )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I FCU -TGW\ OÌINKEJGT YGKUG UR·VGT GTPGWGTV =ETQUU RTQDCDN[ NCVGT TGRNCEGF? OKP *CCTTKUUG CWH #XGTU WPF 4GXGTU CO QTKIKPC NGP CNVGP LGFQEJ DGUEJPKVVGPGP *CNUDCPF $9- <- ++ /KV MÌPKINKEJGO &GMTGV XQO &G\GODGT UVKHVGVG -ÌPKI -CTN #NDGTV TGI UGKV XQP 5CTFKPKGP FKG -QOOCPFGWTUMNCUUG FGU 1TFGPU YQDGK FCU 1TFGPUMTGW\ CO *CNU QJPG ªDGTJÌJWPI IGVTCIGP YWTFG FKG FWTEJ MÌPKINKEJGU &GMTGV -ÌPKI 8KMVQT 'OCPWGNU ++ TGI UGKV XQO 0QXGODGT KP \YGK -NCUUGP

WPF -NCUUG WPVGTVGKNV YWTFG

1TFGP FGT JGKNKIGP /CWTKVKWU WPF .C\CTWU =1TFKPG FGK 5CPVK /CWTK\KQ G .C\CTQ? -QOOCPFGWTU MTGW\ =%QOOGPFCVQTG? /QFGNN OKV -TQPG ņ UGKV )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I GKP OKP *CCTTK­ CWH FGO 4GXGTU FKG -WIGNP KP 1TFPWPI NGKEJVG )QNFRCVKPC GVYCU XGTUEJOWV\V OKV QTKIKPCNGO CNVGP *CNUDCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK QJPG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI OKV IQNFHCTDGPGO /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI 8KMVQT 'OCPWGNU +++ TGI XQP DKU $9- <- ++ /KV -ÌPKINKEJGO &GMTGV XQO ,CPWCT #TV E XGTHÒIVG -ÌPKI 8KMVQT 'OCPWGN ++ TGI UGKV FC­ FCU )TQ­QHHK\KGTU WPF FCU -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\ MÒPHVKI XQP GKPGT MÌPKINKEJGP -TQPG ÒDGTJÌJV UGKP UQNNVGP

249


SAMMLUNG ITALIEN

834

835 837

1TFGP FGT JGKNKIGP /CWTKVKWU WPF .C\CTWU =1TFKPG FGK 5CPVK /CWTK\KQ G .C\CTQ? -QOOCPFGWTU MTGW\ =%QOOGPFCVQTG? /QFGNN OKV -TQPG ņ UGKV )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I 'OCKNNG #WUDTÒEJG KO -TGW\\GPVTWO CWH #XGTU WPF 4GXGTU OKV QTKIKPCNGO CNVGP *CNUDCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP ITÒPUCOVGPGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC &EQ %TCXCP\QNC KP 4QO OKV IQNFHCTDGPGO /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI 8KMVQT 'OCPWGNU +++ TGI XQP DKU $9- <- +++ 1TFGP FGT JGKNKIGP /CWTKVKWU WPF .C\CTWU =1TFKPG FGK 5CPVK /CWTK\KQ G .C\CTQ? -QOOCPFGWTU MTGW\ =%QOOGPFCVQTG? /QFGNN OKV -TQPG ņ UGKV )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP *CNUDCPF $9- <- + 'ZGORNCT KP VCFGNNQUGT 'TJCNVWPI

1TFGP FGT JGKNKIGP /CWTKVKWU WPF .C\CTWU =1TFKPG FGK 5CPVK /CWTK\KQ G .C\CTQ? 8GTNGKJWPIUWT MWPFG \WO -QOOCPFGWT =%QOOGPFCVQTG? HÒT FGP RTGW­KUEJGP 1DGTUVNGWVPCPV (TKGFTKEJ XQP 5EJQNN #FLWVCPV FGU &GWVUEJGP -CKUGTU FCVKGTV 4QO CO 0QXGODGT OKV 2T·IGUKGIGN FGU 1TFGPU WPF 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV FGU 'TUVGP 5GMTGV·TU FGU -ÌPKIU $GTVK GKPOCN IGHCNVGV ++ 9GKVGTG 7TMWPFGP XQP 5EJQNNU UKGJG -CV 0T WPF

1TFGP FGT JGKNKIGP /CWTKVKWU WPF .C\CTWU =1TFKPG FGK 5CPVK /CWTK\KQ G .C\CTQ? 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\ =7HHKEKCNG? /QFGNN OKV 'KEJGP WPF .QTDGGTDNCVV -TCP\ ņ 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG HÒT FGP 4GEJVUCPYCNV $CTVQNQOGQ $QDDKQ 2TQMWTCVQT FGU -ÌPKIU DGKO <KTMQPFKCN 6TKDWPCN XQP 6WTKP FCVKGTV 6WTKP CO &G\GODGT OKV 2T·IGUKGIGN FGU 1TFGPU WPF 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV FGU 5VCCVUOKPKUVGTU WPF 'TUVGP 5GMTGV·TU FGU -ÌPKIU %KDTCTKQ <WUCOOGP OKV FGT 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG \WO 4KVVGTMTGW\ HÒT $QDDKQ FCVKGTV 6WTKP CO ,WPK OKV 2CRKGTUKGIGN FGU 1TFGPU WPF 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV XQP %KDTC TKQ 7PF )GPGJOKIWPI FGU )TQ­OCIKUVGTKWOU FGU 1TFGPU HÒT 2TQURGTQ $QDDKQ \WO 6TCIGP FGT OKNKV· TKUEJGP 7PKHQTO FGU 1TFGPU FCVKGTV (NQTGP\ CO /·T\ OKV 2T·IGUKGIGN FGU 1TFGPU WPF 1TKIK PCNWPVGTUEJTKHV %KDTCTKQU ,GYGKNU KP 2CRKGTOCRRG ++ /KV MÌPKINKEJGO &GMTGV XQO &G\GODGT UVKHVGVG -ÌPKI 8KMVQT 'OCPWGN ++ XQP 5CTFKPKGP TGI UGKV FKG 1HHK\KGTUMNCUUG FGU 1TFGPU FGTGP -TGW\ UKEJ XQO 4KVVGTMTGW\ PWT FWTEJ *KP\WHÒIWPI GKPGT CNU 5EJPCNNG DG\GKEJPGVGP $CPFURCPIG CWH FGO 1TFGPUDCPF WPVGTUEJKGF /KV -ÌPKINKEJGO &GMTGV XQO (GDTWCT YWTFG FKGUG 5EJPCNNG FWTEJ GKPG 'KEJGPDNCVV WPF .QTDGGTDNCVV -TCP\ÒDGTJÌJWPI GTUGV\V YQDGK \WP·EJUV GPVIGIGP FGO MÌPKINKEJGP &GMTGV UQYQJN -TCP\ CNU CWEJ 5EJPCNNG YGKVGT \WUCOOGP IGVTCIGP YWTFGP

250


SAMMLUNG ITALIEN

838

839

840

1TFGP FGT JGKNKIGP /CWTKVKWU WPF .C\CTWU =1TFKPG FGK 5CPVK /CWTK\KQ G .C\CTQ? 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\ =7HHKEKCNG? /QFGNN OKV -TQPG ņ UGKV )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I LGYGKNU GKP *CCTTK­ CWH #XGTU WPF 4GXGTU FKG -WIGNP KP 1TFPWPI CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP TQVGP NWZWTKÌUGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC 5 ,QJPUQP KP 4QO OKV CWHIGNGIVGO /GVCNN /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI 8KMVQT 'OC PWGNU +++ TGI XQP DKU $9- <- ++ &WTEJ MÌPKINKEJGU &GMTGV -ÌPKI 8KMVQT 'OCPWGNU ++ TGI UGKV XQO (GDTWCT YWTFG FKG GKPIGHÒJTVG 'KEJGPDNCVV WPF .QTDGGTDNCVV -TCP\ ªDGTJÌJWPI FWTEJ GKPG MÌPKINKEJG -TQPG GTUGV\V

1TFGP FGT JGKNKIGP /CWTKVKWU WPF .C\CTWU =1TFKPG FGK 5CPVK /CWTK\KQ G .C\CTQ? 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\ =7HHKEKCNG? /QFGNN OKV -TQPG ņ UGKV )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I OKV $CPF QJPG *CCTTKUUG WPF FKG -WIGNP KP 1TFPWPI CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP $TWUVDCPF $9- <- + 1TFGP FGT JGKNKIGP /CWTKVKWU WPF .C\CTWU =1TFKPG FGK 5CPVK /CWTK\KQ G .C\CTQ? 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\ =7HHKEKCNG? /QFGNN OKV -TQPG ņ UGKV 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV QJPG *CCTTKUUG FKG -WIGNP KP 1TFPWPI CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK XQP %TCXCP\QNC 5WEE ' )CTFKPQ KP 4QO OKV GKPIGRT·IVGO IQNFHCTDGPGO /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI 8KMVQT 'OCPWGNU +++ TGI XQP DKU $9- <- 4 + ++ #PHGTVKIWPI \YKUEJGP WPF

841

842

843 (1:1)

1TFGP FGT JGKNKIGP /CWTKVKWU WPF .C\CTWU =1TFKPG FGK 5CPVK /CWTK\KQ G .C\CTQ? 4KVVGTMTGW\ =%CXCNKGTG? )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I GKP OKP *CCTK­ CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FKG -WIGNP KP 1TFPWPI CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF WPF /KPKCVWT )QNF GOCKNNKGTV FKG -WIGNP KP 1TFPWPI CO $·PFEJGP KO QTKIK PCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK QJPG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI OKV GKPIGRT·IVGO IQNFHCTDGPGO /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI 8KMVQT 'OCPWGNU +++ TGI XQP DKU $9- <- ++

1TFGP FGT JGKNKIGP /CWTKVKWU WPF .C\CTWU =1TFKPG FGK 5CPVK /CWTK\KQ G .C\CTQ? 4KVVGTMTGW\ =%CXCNKGTG? )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I QJPG *CCTTKUUG FKG -WIGNP KP 1TFPWPI CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP $TWUVDCPF $9- <- ++

1TFGP FGT JGKNKIGP /CWTKVKWU WPF .C\CTWU =1TFKPG FGK 5CPVK /CWTK\KQ G .C\CTQ? 4KVVGTMTGW\ =%CXCNKGTG? KP TGFW\KGTVGT )TÌ­G &WTEJOGUUGT OO )QNFG GOCKNNKGTV I QJPG $·PFEJGP 4 + ++ +P FKGUGT )TÌ­G UGNVGP

251


SAMMLUNG ITALIEN

844 (1:1)

/KNKV·TQTFGP XQP 5CXQ[GP =1TFKPG /KNKVCTG FK 5CXQKC? /QFGNN 4KVVGTMTGW\ #WUHÒJ TWPI OKV \YGKVGKNKIGO 4GXGTU /GFCKNNQP )QNF HGKPUV GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK DGNGIV OKV OGVCNNGPGO /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI 8KMVQT 'OCPWGNU +++ TGI XQP DKU $9- <- 44 + 'ZGORNCT KP JGTXQTTCIGPFGT #PHGTVKIWPIUSWCNKV·V +P FKGUGT GTUVMNCUUKIGP 'TJCNVWPI UGNVGP \W HKPFGP /KV &GMTGV XQO 5GRVGODGT XQP -ÌPKI 8KMVQT 'OOCPWGN ++ XQP 5CTFKPKGP 2KGOQPV YWTFG FGT 1TFGP UQYQJN KP )GUVCNVWPI FGT +PUKIPKGP YKG CWEJ KP UGKPGT -NCUUGPGKPVGKNWPI )TQ­MTGW\ -QOOCPFGWTG WPF -NCUUG 1HHK\KGT WPF 4KVVGT WOIGUVCNVGV

845 (1:1)

1TFGP FGT -TQPG XQP +VCNKGP =1TFKPG FGNNC %QTQPC F +VCNKC? )TQ­MTGW\ 5GV =)TCP %TQEG? DGUVGJGPF CWU -NGKPQF #WUHÒJTWPI OKV TWPFGO $CPFTKPI )QNF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP 5EJWNVGTDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT VNY DTKNNCPVKGTV #WHNCIGP )QNF VNY DTKNNCPVKGTV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC %TCXCP\QNC 5WEE 4CXKQNQ WPF )CTFKPQ KP 4QO CP 0CFGN KO GVYCU DGUEJ·FKIVGP QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK XQP 4CXKQNQ )CTFKPQ 5WEEGUUQTK %TCXCP\QNC OKV GKPIGRT·I VGO IQNFHCTDGPGO /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI 8KMVQT 'OCPWGNU +++ TGI XQP DKU $9- <- ++ #WHITWPF FGT *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI N·­V UKEJ FGT *GTUVGNNWPIU\GKVTCWO CWH FKG GTUVGP &GMCFG FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU DGITGP\GP )GUVKHVGV XQP -ÌPKI 8KMVQT 'OCPWGN ++ TGI UGKV CO (GDTWCT CWU #PNC­ FGT *QEJ\GKV FGU -TQPRTKP\GP *WODGTV OKV 2TKP\GUUKP /CTIGTKVC XQP 5CXQ[GP )GPWC CNU HÒPHMNCUUKIGT CNNIGOGKPGT 8GTFKGPUVQT FGP 0CEJ #DUEJCHHWPI FGT /QPCTEJKG XQO 5VCCV PKEJV OGJT XGTNKGJGP YWTFG FKGUGT LGFQEJ GTUV OKV )GUGV\ 0T XQO /·T\ FGO 5VKHVWPIUIGUGV\ \WO 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGT +VCNKGPKUEJGP 4GRWDNKM GTNCUUGP XQP 2T·UK FGPV .WKIK 'KPCWFK 5VCCVURT·UKFGPV XQP DKU HQTOGNN CDIGUEJCHHV #NNGTFKPIU XGTNKGJ KJP FGT GZKNKGTVG -ÌPKI *WODGTV ++ XQP +VCNKGP TGI DKU \W UGKPGO 6QFG HÒT KJO RGTUÌPNKEJ IGNGKUVGVG &KGPUVG

252


SAMMLUNG ITALIEN

847

846

848

1TFGP FGT -TQPG XQP +VCNKGP =1TFKPG FGNNC %QTQPC F +VCNKC? $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­MTGW\ =)TCP %TQEG? 5KNDGT VNY DTKNNCPVKGTV #WHNCIGP )QNF VNY DTKNNCPVKGTV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GT UVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC ' )CTFKPQ 5WEE %TCXCP\QNC KP 4QO CP 0CFGN KO 1TKIKPCNGVWK XQP . 5WUEKRK KP 4QO OKV GKPIGRT·IVGO IQNFHCTDGPGO /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI 8KMVQT 'OCPWGNU +++ TGI XQP DKU $9- <- ++

1TFGP FGT -TQPG XQP +VCNKGP =1TFKPG FGNNC %QTQPC F +VCNKC? $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­MTGW\ =)TCP %TQEG? 5KNDGT VNY DTKNNCPVKGTV #WHNCIGP )QNF VNY DTKNNCPVKGTV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG QDGT JCND FGT 0CFGN MNGKPG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI XQP %TCXCP\QNC KP 4QO CP 0CFGN FKGUG WPF FGT 0CFGNJC MGP OKV HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT 'KPHWJTRWP\G HÒT 5KNDGT XQP DKU 5EJYCP NGV\VGTGT \WU·V\NKEJ OKV HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT 'KPHWJTRWP\G HÒT )QNFYCTGP UGKV 7JW OKV \YGK UGKVNKEJGP (KZKGTJCMGP $9- <- + 5GJT UEJÌPGT $TWUVUVGTP KP JGTXQTTCIGPFGT #PHGTVKIWPIU WPF 'TJCNVWPIUSWCNKV·V 1TFGP FGT -TQPG XQP +VCNKGP =1TFKPG FGNNC %QTQPC F +VCNKC? $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­MTGW\ =)TCP %TQEG? 5KNDGT VNY DTKNNCPVKGTV #WHNCIGP )QNF VNY DTKNNCPVKGTV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GT UVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC ' )CTFKPQ 5WEE %TCXCP\QNC KP 4QO CP 0CFGN $9- <- ++

849

850

1TFGP FGT -TQPG XQP +VCNKGP =1TFKPG FGNNC %QTQPC F +VCNKC? )TQ­QHHK\KGTU 5GV =)TCP 7HHKEKCNG? DG UVGJGPF CWU )TQ­QHHK\KGTU -TGW\ )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I OKV QTKIKPCNGO CNVGP *CNUDCPF WPF $TWUV UVGTP 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV #WHNCIGP )QNF GOCKNNKGTV 'OCKNNG 5EJ·FGP KP GKPGO -TGW\CTO *CCTTKUUG KP GKPGO YGKVGTGP QJPG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC . 4CXKQNQ ' )CTFKPQ 5WEEGUUQTK &EQ %TCXCP\QNC KP 4QO OKV IQNFHCTDGPGO /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI 8KMVQT 'OCPWGNU +++ TGI XQP DKU $9- <- + ++ +++ 1TFGP FGT -TQPG XQP +VCNKGP =1TFKPG FGNNC %QTQPC F +VCNKC? $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­QHHK\KGT =)TCP 7HHKEKCNG? DGUQPFGTU JQEJIGYÌNDVG #WUHÒJTWPI 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV #WHNCIGP )QNF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC ' )CTFKPQ 5WEE %TCXCP\QNC KP 4QO KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGK JWPIUGVWK FGTUGNDGP OKV IQNFHCTDGPGO /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI 8KMVQT 'OCPWGNU +++ TGI XQP DKU $9- <- ++ 'U JCPFGNV UKEJ JKGTDGK WO GKPGP $TWUVUVGTP KO 'VWK HÒT GKPG 2TQOQVKQP F J GKPG *KP\WXGTNGKJWPI \WO DGTGKVU KPPGJCDGPFGP -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\

253


SAMMLUNG ITALIEN

851 853

852

1TFGP FGT -TQPG XQP +VCNKGP =1TFKPG FGNNC %QTQPC F +VCNKC? $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­QHHK\KGT =)TCP 7HHKEKCNG? 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV #WHNCIGP )QNF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC ' )CTFKPQ 5WEE %TCXCP\QNC KP 4QO CP 0CFGN $9- <- ++

1TFGP FGT -TQPG XQP +VCNKGP =1TFKPG FGNNC %QTQPC F +VCNKC? $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­QHHK\KGT =)TCP 7HHKEKCNG? 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV #WHNCIGP )QNF GOCKNNKGTV GVYCU CPIGNCWHGP CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGN NGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC ' )CTFKPQ 5WEE %TCXCP\QNC KP 4QO CP 0CFGN $9- <- ++

1TFGP FGT -TQPG XQP +VCNKGP =1TFKPG FGNNC %QTQPC F +VCNKC? 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG \WO )TQ­QHHK\KGT HÒT FGP RTGW­KUEJGP 1DGTUVNGWVPCPV (TKGFTKEJ XQP 5EJQNN #FLWVCPV FGU &GWVUEJGP -CKUGTU FCVKGTV 4QO CO 5GRVGODGT OKV 2T·IGUKGIGN FGU 1TFGPU WPF 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV FGU 1TFGPUMCP\NGTU $GTVK GVYCU XGTHNGEMV ++ 9GKVGTG 7TMWPFGP XQP 5EJQNNU UKGJG -CV 0T WPF

854

855

856

1TFGP FGT -TQPG XQP +VCNKGP =1TFKPG FGNNC %QTQPC F +VCNKC? -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\ =%QOOGPFCVQTG? HTÒJG #WUHÒJTWPI OKV JGNNDNCWGO /GFCKNNQP (GNF )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I OKV MWT\GO *CNUDCPFUVÒEM $9- <- + ++ +P FKGUGT HTÒJGP #WUHÒJTWPI OKV JGNNDNCWGO /GFCKNNQP (GNF UGNVGP

1TFGP FGT -TQPG XQP +VCNKGP =1TFKPG FGNNC %QTQPC F +VCNKC? -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\ =%QOOGPFCVQTG? 0QTOCNCWUHÒJTWPI )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF \WUCOOGP OKV /KPKCVWT OKV -TQ PGP ªDGTJÌJWPI )QNF GOCKNNKGTV CO $·PFEJGP WPF -PQRHNQEJ 4QUGVVG KO QTKIKPCNGP NWZWTKÌUGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC 5 ,QJPUQP KP 4QO OKV CWHIGNGIVGO /GVCNN /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI 8KMVQT 'OC PWGNU +++ TGI XQP DKU $9- <- + ++ 1TFGP FGT -TQPG XQP +VCNKGP =1TFKPG FGNNC %QTQPC F +VCNKC? -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\ =%QOOGPFCVQTG? 0QTOCNCWUHÒJTWPI )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF \WUCOOGP OKV /KPKCVWT )QNF GOCKNNKGTV CO $·PFEJGP KO QTKIKPCNGP 3WGT 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK QJPG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI OKV GKPIG RT·IVGO IQNFHCTDGPGO /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI 8KMVQT 'OCPWGNU +++ TGI XQP DKU $9- <- ++ +P FKGUGO SWGTHQTOCVKIGO 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK PKEJV J·WHKI \W HKPFGP

254


SAMMLUNG ITALIEN

857

859

1TFGP FGT -TQPG XQP +VCNKGP =1TFKPG FGNNC %QTQPC F +VCNKC? -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\ =%QOOGPFCVQTG? 0QTOCNCWUHÒJTWPI )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC %TCXCP\QNC 5WEE ' )CTFKPQ KP 4QO OKV GKPIGRT·IVGO IQNFHCTDGPGO /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI 8KMVQT 'OCPWGNU +++ TGI XQP DKU $9- <- ++

1TFGP FGT -TQPG XQP +VCNKGP =1TFKPG FGNNC %QTQPC F +VCNKC? -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\ =%QOOGPFCVQTG? 0QTOCNCWUHÒJTWPI )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I OKV )QNFRCVKPC CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF $9- <- ++

1TFGP FGT -TQPG XQP +VCNKGP =1TFKPG FGNNC %QTQPC F +VCNKC? 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\ =7HHKEKCNG? 0QTOCNCWU HÒJTWPI )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF OKV CWHIGNGIVGT 4QUGVVG \WUCOOGP OKV /KPK CVWT )QNF GOCKNNKGTV /GFCKNNQPU HGJNGP CO $·PFEJGP OKV CWHIGNGIVGT 4QUGVVG WPF -PQRHNQEJ 5EJNGKH EJGP KO QTKIKPCNGP GVYCU DGTKGDGPGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK QJPG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI OKV GKPIGRT·IVGO IQNFHCTDGPGO /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI 8KMVQT 'OCPWGNU +++ TGI XQP DKU $9- <- ++

860

858

861

862

1TFGP FGT -TQPG XQP +VCNKGP =1TFKPG FGNNC %QTQPC F +VCNKC? 4KVVGTMTGW\ HTÒJG GVYCU MNGKPGTG #WU HÒJTWPI OKV JGNNDNCWGO )TWPF FGU #XGTU /GFCKNNQPU )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I )QNFRCVKPC OKV CNVGO UVCTM \GTUEJNKUUGPGP LGFQEJ PKEJV XÌNNKI MQTTGMVGP $TWUVDCPF $9- <- 4 ++ (TÒJG #PHGTVKIWPI CWU FGP GT ,CJTGP

1TFGP FGT -TQPG XQP +VCNKGP =1TFKPG FGNNC %QTQPC F +VCNKC? 4KVVGTMTGW\ =%CXCNKGTG? 0QTOCNCWUHÒJ TWPI )QNF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP GVYCU IGDTQEJGPGP $TWUVDCPF \WUCOOGP OKV /KPKCVWT )QNF GOCKNNKGTV CO $·PFEJGP WPF -PQRHNQEJ 5EJNGKHEJGP KO QTKIKPCNGP NWZWTKÌUGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC 5 ,QJPUQP KP 4QO OKV CWHIGNGIVGO /GVCNN /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI 8KMVQT 'OCPWGNU +++ TGI XQP DKU $9- <- ++

1TFGP FGT -TQPG XQP +VCNKGP =1TFKPG FGNNC %QTQPC F +VCNKC? 4KVVGTMTGW\ =%CXCNKGTG? 0QTOCNCWUHÒJ TWPI )QNF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF \WUCOOGP OKV /KPKCVWT )QNF GOCKNNKGTV CO $·PFEJGP WPF -PQRHNQEJ 5EJNGKHEJGP KO QTKIKPCNGP NWZWTKÌUGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC ' )CTFKPQ 5WEE & %TCXCP\QNC KP 4QO OKV GKPIGRT·IVGO IQNFHCTDGPGO /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI 8KMVQT 'OCPWGNU +++ TGI XQP DKU $9- <- ++

1TFGP FGT -TQPG XQP +VCNKGP =1TFKPG FGNNC %QTQPC F +VCNKC? 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG \WO 4KVVGTMTGW\ HÒT 0QDKNG $GTPCTFQ 2CTTCXKEKPK *CWRVOCPP KO )GPGTCNUVCD FCVKGTV (NQTGP\ CO ,WNK OKV 2T·IG UKGIGN FGU 1TFGPU WPF 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV FGU 5VCCVUOKPKUVGTU WPF 1TFGPUMCP\NGTU %KDTCTKQ KP 2CRKGT OCRRG OKV CWHIGMNGDVGT 4QUGVVG OKV CPJ·PIGPFGT 1TFGPUOKPKCVWT )QNF GOCKNNKGTV 4 ++ 5GJT HTÒJG 8GTNGKJWPI FGU 1TFGPU FGT GTUV CO (GDTWCT IGUVKHVGV YQTFGP YCT

255


SAMMLUNG ITALIEN

865

864

-QNQPKCN 1TFGP FGU 5VGTPU XQP +VCNKGP =1TFKPG EQNQPKCNG FGNNC 5VGNNC F +VCNKC? $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­ QHHK\KGT =)TCP 7HHKEKCNG? #WUHÒJTWPI OKV UGRCTCV CWUIGHÒJTVGO /QPQITCOO KO #XGTU /GFCKNNQP 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV PCJG\W WPUKEJVDCTG 'OCKNNG #WUDTÒEJG KP \YGK 5VGTPURKV\GP CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC ' )CTFKPQ 5WEE %TCXCP\QNC KP 4QO CP 0CFGN $9- <- ++ 0CEJFGO .KD[GP OKV FGO QUOCPKUEJ KVCNKGPKUEJGP (TKGFGP XQP .CWUCPPG XQO 1MVQDGT KVCNKGPKUEJG -QNQPKG IGYQTFGP YCT UVKHVGVG -ÌPKI 8KMVQT 'OCPWGN +++ TGI XQP DKU XQP +VCNKGP OKV MÌPKINKEJGO &GMTGV XQO ,CPWCT FGP HÒPHMNCUUKIGP )TQ­MTGW\ )TQ­QHHK\KGT -QOOCPFGWT 1HHK\KGT WPF 4KVVGT -QNQ PKCN 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP 0CEJ FGO <WUCOOGPDTWEJ FGU KVCNKGPKUEJGP -QNQPKCN +ORGTKWOU YWTFG FGT 1TFGP CO ,WPK CDIGUEJCHHV

-QNQPKCN 1TFGP FGU 5VGTPU XQP +VCNKGP =1TFKPG EQNQPKCNG FGNNC 5VGNNC F +VCNKC? -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\ =%QOOGPFCVQTG? #WUHÒJTWPI OKV UGRCTCV CWUIGHÒJTVGO /QPQITCOO KO #XGTU /GFCKNNQP )QNF GOCKN NKGTV I PCJG\W WPUKEJVDCTGT QDGTHN·EJNKEJGT 'OCKNNG %JKR KP FGT XQTFGTUGKVKIGP QDGTGP 5VGTPURKV\G CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP DTCWPGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK QJPG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI OKV GKPIG RT·IVGO IQNFHCTDGPGO /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI 8KMVQT 'OCPWGNU +++ TGI XQP DKU $9- <- + ++

866

256

868 867

-QNQPKCN 1TFGP FGU 5VGTPU XQP +VCNKGP =1TFKPG EQNQPKCNG FGNNC 5VGNNC F +VCNKC? 1HHK\KGTUFGMQTCVKQP =7HHKEKCNG? #WUHÒJTWPI OKV UGRCTCV CWUIGHÒJTVGO /QPQITCOO KO #XGTU /GFCKNNQP )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I YKP\KIGT 'OCKNNG #WUDTWEJ KP FGT TÒEMUGKVKIGP QDGTGP 5VGTPURKV\G CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF KO GVYCU DGTKGDGPGP QTKIKPCNGP NWZWTKÌUGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC 5 ,QJPUQP KP 4QO OKV CWHIGNGIVGO /GVCNN /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI 8KMVQT 'OCPWGNU +++ TGI XQP DKU $9- <- ++

-QNQPKCN 1TFGP FGU 5VGTPU XQP +VCNKGP =1TFKPG EQNQPKCNG FGNNC 5VGNNC F +VCNKC? 1HHK\KGTUFGMQTCVKQP =7HHKEKCNG? #WUHÒJTWPI OKV UGRCTCV CWUIGHÒJTVGO /QPQITCOO KO #XGTU /GFCKNNQP )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF $9- <- ++

-QNQPKCN 1TFGP FGU 5VGTPU XQP +VCNKGP =1TFKPG EQNQPKCNG FGNNC 5VGNNC F +VCNKC? 4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP =%CXCNKGTG? #WUHÒJTWPI OKV UGRCTCV CWUIGHÒJTVGO /QPQITCOO KO #XGTU /GFCKNNQP )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF $9- <- + ++


SAMMLUNG ITALIEN

869 (1:1)

<KXKNGT WPF /KNKV·TKUEJGT 1TFGP XQO 4ÌOKUEJGP #FNGT =1TFKPG EKXKNG G OKNKVCTG FGNN #SWKNC TQ OCPC? /QFGNN )TQ­MTGW\ 5GV HÒT <KXKNXGTFKGPUVG DGUVGJGPF CWU -NGKPQF 5KNDGT XGTIQN FGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP WPIGVTCIGPGP 5EJWNVGTDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV #WHNCIGP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV OKP *CCTTKUUG WPF YKP\KIGT #WUDTWEJ KP FGT DNCWGP 'OCKNNG FGU /GFCKNNQPU CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC ' )CTFKPQ 5WEE %TCXCP\QNC KP 4QO CP 0CFGN $9- <- + ++ &GT WTURTÒPINKEJ HÒPHMNCUUKIG )TQ­MTGW\ )TQ­QHHK\KGT -QOOCPFGWT 1HHK\KGT WPF 4KVVGT <KXKN WPF /KNKV·T 8GT FKGPUVQTFGP YWTFG XQP -ÌPKI 8KMVQT 'OCPWGN +++ TGI XQP DKU IGUVKHVGV OKV -ÌPKINKEJGO &GMTGV XQO /·T\ XGTÌHHGPVNKEJV KP FGT )C\\GVVC 7HHKEKCNG FG 4GIPQ 0T XQO &GT #WUN·P FGTP XQTDGJCNVGPG 1TFGP YWTFG HÒT /KNKV·TXGTFKGPUVG OKV IGMTGW\VGP 5EJYGTVGTP XGTNKGJGP 5EJQP CO #WIWUV FGUUGNDGP ,CJTGU YWTFG GT CWH UGEJU -NCUUGP )QNFGPGU WPF 5KNDGTPGU )TQ­MTGW\ OKV CHHKNKKGTVGT FTGKUVWHKIGT 8GT FKGPUVOGFCKNNG )QNF 5KNDGT WPF $TQP\G GTYGKVGTV &CU 4GIQNCOGPVQ FGU 1TFGPU YWTFG OKV -ÌPKINKEJGO &GMTGV 0T XQO 5GRVGODGT GTNCUUGP LGFQEJ GTUV KP FGT )C\\GVVC 7HHKEKCNG FGN 4GIPQ 0T XQO 1MVQDGT XGTÌHHGPVNKEJV 'KP -ÌPKINKEJGU &GMTGV XQO ,CPWCT XGTÌHHGPVNKEJV KP FGT )C\\GVVC FGN 4GIPQ XQO (GDTWCT DGUEJT·PMVG FKG 8GTNGKJWPIU\CJN FGU 5KNDGTPGP )TQ­MTGW\GU CWH /KV UVCVVJCNVGTNKEJGO &GMTGV 0T XQO 1MVQDGT UEJCHHVG FGT MÌPKINKEJG 5VCVVJCNVGT -TQPRTKP\ 7ODGTVQ XQP +VCNKGP FGP 1TFGP YKGFGT CD PCEJFGO $GPKVQ /WUUQNKPK KVCNKGPKUEJGT /KPKUVGTRT·UKFGPV XQP DKU CNU 5VCCVUEJGH FGT +VCNKGPKUEJGP 5Q\KCNGP 4GRWDNKM OKV &GMTGV XQO /·T\ CNNG MÌPKINKEJGP 1TFGP DKU CWH FGP 1TFGP XQO 4ÌOKUEJGP #FNGT CDIGUEJCHHV JCVVG /KV FGO 6QF /WUUQNKPKU CO #RTKN JÌTVG FGT 1TFGP CWH \W DGUVGJGP

257


SAMMLUNG ITALIEN

870 (1:1)

<KXKNGT WPF /KNKV·TKUEJGT 1TFGP XQO 4ÌOKUEJGP #FNGT =1TFKPG EKXKNG G OKNKVCTG FGNN #SWKNC TQ OCPC? /QFGNN -NGKPQF \WO )TQ­MTGW\ HÒT /KNKV·TXGTFKGPUVG 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV QJPG 5EJWNVGTDCPF $9- <- 4 + ++

871 (1:1)

258

<KXKNGT WPF /KNKV·TKUEJGT 1TFGP XQO 4ÌOKUEJGP #FNGT =1TFKPG EKXKNG G OKNKVCTG FGNN #SWKNC TQ OCPC? /QFGNN )TQ­QHHK\KGTU 5GV HÒT /KNKV·TXGTFKGPUVG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP DGUVGJGPF CWU )TQ­QHHK\KGTU -TGW\ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV 'OCKNNG KO TÒEMUGKVKIGP /GFCKNNQP (GNF TGUVCW TKGTV OKV YQJN UR·VGT GTI·P\VGO $CPFTKPI OKV QTKIKPCNGO CNVGP WPIGVTCIGPGP *CNUDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV #WHNCIGP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC ' )CTFKPQ 5WEE %TCXCP\QNC KP 4QO CP 0CFGN $9- <- ++


SAMMLUNG ITALIEN

872 (1:1)

<KXKNGT WPF /KNKV·TKUEJGT 1TFGP XQO 4ÌOKUEJGP #FNGT =1TFKPG EKXKNG G OKNKVCTG FGNN #SWKNC TQ OCPC? /QFGNN -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\ HÒT <KXKNXGTFKGPUVG 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP *CNUDCPF $9- <- ++

874

873

<KXKN 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP XQP 5CXQ[GP =1TFKPG %KXKNG FK 5CXQKC? 1TFGPUMTGW\ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP $TWUVDCPF $9- <- ++ /KV MÌPKINKEJGO 2CVGPV 0T XQO 1MVQDGT UVKHVGVG -ÌPKI -CTN #NDGTV FGP GKPMNCUUKIGP 1TFGP HÒT CW­GTQTFGPVNKEJG \KXKNG 8GTFKGPUVG /KV FGT )TÒPFWPI FGT KVCNKGPKUEJGP 4GRWDNKM XGTNQT GT FKG UVCCV NKEJG #PGTMGPPWPI &C GU UKEJ JKGTDGK LGFQEJ WO GKPG 5VKHVWPI FGU *CWUGU 5CXQ[GP XQP XQT FGT )TÒPFWPI FGU -ÌPKITGKEJU +VCNKGP JCPFGNVG UCJ UKEJ -ÌPKI *WODGTV ++ DGTGEJVKIV FGP 1TFGP CWEJ KO 'ZKN YGKVGT \W XGTNGKJGP 5GKP 5QJP 8KMVQT 'OCPWGN 2TKP\ XQP 0GCRGN IGD DGNGDVG FGP 1TFGP YKGFGT WPF YCPFGNVG KJP KP GKPGP OGJTMNCUUKIGP 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP WO

#TOGG &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPIU -TGW\ =%TQEG RGT CP\KCPKV¯ FK UGTXK\KQ PGN GUGTEKVQ? /QFGNN OKV /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI 8KMVQT 'OCPWGNU +++ ņ -TGW\ HÒT &KGPUVLCJTG FGT 1HHK\KGTG )QNF

JQJN IGHGTVKIV I ¤UG OKV $G\GKEJPWPI 141 CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK $$ 5 # $9- 4 +

875 (1:1)

'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG CP FKG *QEJ\GKV XQP 2TKP\GUUKP )KQXCPPC OKV <CT $QTKU +++ XQP $WNICTKGP KP #UUKUK 5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG 5KNDGT OKV 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT 5KIPCVWT ' /106+ WPF *GTUVGNNGTDG \GKEJPWPI ,1*0510 CWH FGT ¤UG RWP\KGTV QJPG $CPF KO QTKIKPCNGP QMVQIQPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK 4 + ++ #O 1MVQDGT JGKTCVGVG 2TKP\GUUKP )KQXCPPC XQP +VCNKGP FTKVVG 6QEJVGT -ÌPKI 8KMVQT 'OCPWGNU +++ XQP +VCNKGP WPF UGKPGT )GOCJNKP 'NGPC <CT $QTKU +++ XQP $WNICTKGP KP FGT HTCP\KUMCPKUEJGP $CUKNKMC KP #UUKUK IGO·­ GKPGO RGTUÌPNKEJGP )GNÒDFG )KQXCPPCU /KV $QTKU JCVVG UKG \YGK -KPFGT 5KOGQP IGD FGP NGV\VGP DWNICTKUEJGP <CTGP WPF 2TKP\GUUKP /CTKC .WKUC IGD

259


SAMMLUNG ITALIEN

877

876 (1:1)

/KPKCVWTGPMGVVEJGP OKV XKGT #WU\GKEJPWPIUOKPKCVWTGP 5V /CWTKVKWU WPF .C\CTWU 1TFGP 1TFGPU MTGW\ OKV -TQPG )QNF GOCKNNKGTV 1TFGP FGT -TQPG XQP +VCNKGP $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­QHHK\KGT 5KNDGT #WHNCIG )QNF GOCKNNKGTV #NDCPKGP 5MCPFGTDGI 1TFGP 1TFGPUFGMQTCVKQPGP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV +VCNKGPKUEJG 1HHK\KGTU &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI HÒT ::8 ,CJTG 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV )GHNQEJVGP $GHGUVKIWPIGP WPF 0CFGNP )QNF ++

-QPXQNWV XQP XKGT KVCNKGPKUEJGP 1TFGPUOKPKCVWTGP 5V /CWTKVKWU WPF .C\CTWU 1TFGP 1TFGPUMTGW\ OKV -TQPG )QNF GOCKNNKGTV CO $·PFEJGP KO QTKIKPCNGP .WZWUGVWK OKV /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI *WODGTVU + 1TFGP FGT -TQPG XQP +VCNKGP 1TFGPUMTGW\ )QNF GOCKNNKGTV CO $·PFEJGP KO QTKIKPCNGP .WZWUGVWK OKV /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI *WODGTVU + /KNKV·T 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP XQP 5CXQ[GP 4KVVGTMTGW\ 5KNDGT XGT IQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV )QNFGPG $GPGOGTGPVK /GFCKNNG FGU 5V /CWTKVKWU WPF .C\CTWU 1TFGPU UGKV XGTIQNFGV CO $·PFEJGP ++

878 (1:2)

879 (1:1,5)

-ÌPKINKEJ KVCNKGPKUEJGT -COOGTJGTTGP 5EJNÒUUGN CWU FGT 4GIKGTWPIU\GKV -ÌPKI *WODGTVU + TGI UGKV QFGT 8KMVQT 'OCPWGNU +++ TGI XQP DKU OO NCPI $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV VNY XGTUKNDGTV OKP MQTTQFKGTV ++ )TQ­G 'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG CP FCU (NQVVGPOCPÌXGT FGT MÌPKINKEJGP KVCNKGPKUEJGP /CTKPG \W 'JTGP FGU (ÒJTGTU #FQNH *KVNGT KP #PYGUGPJGKV -ÌPKI 8KMVQT 'OCPWGNU +++ WPF FGU &WEG CO /CK KP 0GCRGN 0KEJV VTCIDCT XQP ) 4QOCIPQNK &WTEJOGUUGT OO $TQP\G 444 ++ #FQNH *KVNGT FGWVUEJGT (ÒJTGT WPF 4GKEJUMCP\NGT YGKNVG XQO DKU /CK \W GKPGO 5VCCVUDGUWEJ KP +VC NKGP 'T PCJO W C CO /CK CO ITQ­GP (NQVVGPOCPÌXGT FGT KVCNKGPKUEJGP /CTKPG \W UGKPGP 'JTGP KP 0GCRGN VGKN KP 'TKPPGTWPI CP FCU ,CJTG \WXQT CO 0QXGODGT CDIGJCNVGPG GTUVG KVCNKGPKUEJG (NQVVGPOCPÌXGT &KG /GFCKNNG VT·IV UQYQJN FKG 0COGP CNNGT CP FGO /CPÌXGT DGVGKNKIVGP 5EJKHHG YKG CWEJ FGTLGPKIGP FKG CO /CPÌ XGT XQP VGKNIGPQOOGP JCVVGP *QEJKPVGTGUUCPVGU OCTKVKOGU <GKVFQMWOGPV

260


SAMMLUNG ITALIEN

882 880

-QPXQNWV XQP EC UKGDGP PKEJV VTCIDCTGP 2T·OKGP WPF 'TKPPGTWPIURNCMGVVGP WPF OGFCKNNGP +P WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGT )TÌ­G WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJG /GVCNNG LGYGKNU KO 'VWK FCXQP GKPGU DGUEJ·FKIV ++

6GKN 7TMWPFGPPCEJNC­ FGU )TQ­CFOKTCNU /CTKPGOKPKUVGTU WPF 2T·UKFGPVGP FGU -ÌPKINKEJGP 5GPCVU 2CQNQ 'OKNKQ 6JCQP FK 4GXGN *GT\QIU XQP FGN /CTG 'TPGPPWPIU &GMTGV \WO 6GPGPVG FK 8CUEGNNQ =.GWVPCPV \WT 5GG? FCVKGTV 4QO CO &G\GODGT OKV 2T·IGUKGIGN WPF \YGK 7PVGT UEJTKHVGP ªDGTUGPFWPIUUEJTGKDGP FGU 5GMTGVCTKCVU FGU -ÌPKIU CWU #PNC­ FGT *QEJ\GKV FGU -TQPRTKP \GP \W GKPGO $WEJIGUEJGPM FCVKGTV 4QO CO 1MVQDGT OKV 7OUEJNCI 'TPGPPWPIU &GM TGV \WO (TGICVVGP -CRKV·P FCVKGTV 4QO CO 0QXGODGT OKV 5KGIGNUVGORGN WPF 7PVGTUEJTKHVGP PGDUV ªDGTUGPFWPIUUEJTGKDGP FCVKGTV 4QO CO ,CPWCT OKV 7PVGTUEJTKHV 'TPGPPWPIU &GMTGV \WO -QOOCPFCPVGP FGT -QTXGVVG %CTCEEKQNQ FCVKGTV 4QO CO 0QXGODGT OKV 5KGIGNUVGORGN WPF 7PVGTUEJTKHVGP 'TPGPPWPIU &GMTGV \WO %CRKVCPQ FK 8CUEGNNQ =-CRKV·P \WT 5GG? FCVKGTV 4QO CO (GDTWCT OKV 5KGIGNUVGORGN WPF 7PVGTUEJTKHVGP <YGK &CPMUEJTGKDGP FGU 8K\G #FOKTCNU FGT URCPKUEJGP /CTKPC ,QU¾ 4KXGTC CP FGP /CTKPGOKPKUVGT 6JCQP FK 4GXGN DGKFG FCVKGTV $CTEGNQPC CO ,WPK OKV 7PVGTUEJTKHVGP ,GYGKNU IGHCNVGV #PIGDQVGP OKV +PHQTOCVKQPUOCVGTKCN CWH &GWVUEJ WPF +VCNKGPKUEJ ++ 0CEJFGO 2CQNQ 'OKNKQ 6JCQP FK 4GXGN FKG /CTKPG .CWHDCJP GKPIGUEJNCIGP JCVVG FKGPVG GT CD KO 4CPI GKPGU -QTXGVVGP -CRKV·PU CNU (NÒIGN #FLWVCPV -ÌPKI 7ODGTVQU + ÒDGTPCJO GT CNU -CRKV·P \WT 5GG FCU -QOOCPFQ ÒDGT FKG /CTKPG #MCFGOKG KP .KXQTPQ 8QP DKU PCJO GT CNU -QPVGT #FOKTCN CO .KD[UEJGP -TKGI VGKN WPF FKGPVG XQP DKU CNU %JGH FGU )GPGTCNUVCDU FGT /CTKPG 5GKV #FOKTCN YWTFG GT CNU &WEC FGN /CTG KP FGP *GT\QIUUVCPF GTJQDGP WPF VTCV CNU /CTKPGOKPKUVGT KP FCU -CDKPGVV /WUUQNKPK GKP \WO )TQ­CFOKTCN DGHÌTFGTV VTCV GT XQP UGKPGO /KPKUVGTCOV \WTÒEM 8QP DKU YCT GT 2T·UKFGPV FGU 5GPCVU 'T YCT +PJCDGT \CJNTGKEJGT JQJGT 1TFGP W C FGU #PPWP\KCVGP 1TFGPU WPF YCT )TQ­MTGW\ FGU 5V /CWTKVKWU WPF .C\CTWU 1TFGPU FGU 1TFGPU FGT -TQPG XQP +VCNKGP WPF FGU /KNKV·TQTFGPU XQP 5CXQ[GP &CPGDGP YCT GT CWEJ 'JTGP WPF &GXQVKQPU $CKNNK WPF )TQ­MTGW\ FGU 5QWXGT·PGP /CNVGUGT 4KVVGTQTFGPU

+PHQTOCVKQPGP VNY CWU YKMKRGFKC KV 9GKVGTG &QMWOGPVG XQP 2CQNQ 6JCQP FK 4GXGN *GT\QIU FGN /CTG UKGJG -CV 0T WPF #FGNUVCPFU $GUV·VKIWPI HÒT )TCH )KWUGRRG 4K\\CTFK IGD &TGK 5GKVGP KP *CPFUEJTKHV FCVKGTV CO ,WPK OKV 2CRKGTUKGIGN WPF 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV FGU OGJTHCEJGP KVCNKGPKUEJGP /KPKUVGTRT· UKFGPVGP WPF +PPGPOKPKUVGTU #PVQPKQ FK 4WFKPK WPF 2CRKGTUKGIGN FGT %QPUWNVC #TCNFKEC OKV RQN[EJTQOGT 9CRRGP\GKEJPWPI KP DNCWGT VNY IQNFHCTDGP IGRT·IVGT &QMWOGPVGPOCRRG ++

74-70&'0 70& &1-7/'06'

261


SAMMLUNG ITALIEN

883 (1:1)

884 (1:1)

886

+6#.+'0+5%*' 51<+#.' 4'27$.+-

1TFGP XQO 4ÌOKUEJGP #FNGT =1TFKPG FGNN #SWKNC TQOCPC? /QFGNN #FNGT QJPG -TQPG WPF *GT\ UEJKNF ņ 4KVVGTMTGW\ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP $TWUVDCPF $9- <- 44 ++ 0CEJ 'TTKEJVWPI FGT +VCNKGPKUEJGP 5Q\KCNGP 4GRWDNKM PCEJ KJTGO 5KV\ CWEJ CNU 4GRWDNKM XQP 5CNÈ DG\GKEJPGV KO 5GRVGODGT UEJCHHVG FGT &WEG $GPKVQ /WUUQNKPK KVCNKGPKUEJGT /KPKUVGTRT·UKFGPV XQP DKU CNU 5VCCVUEJGH OKV &GMTGV XQO /·T\ XGTÌHHGPVNKEJV KP FGT )C\\GVVC 7HHKEKCNG 0T XQO /·T\ CNNG MÌPKINKEJGP 1TFGP DKU CWH FGP 1TFGP XQO 4ÌOKUEJGP #FNGT CD &KG (KTOC 5VGHCPQ ,QJPUQP KP /CKNCPF UVGNNVG FKG PGWGP +PUKIPKGP FGU 1TFGPU QJPG MÌPKINKEJG 5[ODQNG JGT WPF NKGHGTVG UKG CP FKG 4GIKGTWPI /KV FGO 6QF /WUUQNKPKU CO #RTKN JÌTVG FGT 1TFGP CWH \W DGUVGJGP .CWV 2GNNKEKQPK FK 2QNK KP #3 5 YWTFGP \YK UEJGP FGO /·T\ WPF FGO #RTKN \WUCOOGP PWT 4KVVGTMTGW\G QJPG WPF OKV 5EJYGTVGTP XGTNKG JGP &GU 9GKVGTGP UEJTGKDV FGT #WVQT KP #3 5 FC­ FKG 9GTM\GWIG HÒT FKG *GTUVGNNWPI FGT 1TFGPUKPUKIPKGP XQP FGT (KTOC ,QJPUQP UQHQTV PCEJ FGO (CNN FGT +VCNKGPKUEJGP 5Q\KCNGP 4GRWDNKM XGTPKEJVGV YWTFGP <W GKPGO WPDGMCPPVGP <GKVRWPMV NKG­ KJP 4QOCPQ /WUUQNKPK FGT FTKVVG 5QJP XQP $GPKVQ /WUUQNKPK WPVGT PGWGT )GUVCNVWPI CNU (COKNKGPQTFGP YKGFGT CWHNGDGP

/GFCKNNG HÒT /KNKV·TKUEJG 6CRHGTMGKV =/GFCINKC #N 8CNQTG /KNKVCTG ? #WUHÒJTWPI OKV ITÌ­GTGO .QTDGGTMTCP\ CWH FGO 4GXGTU /GUUKPI #DUEJNCI OKV -QTTQUKQPU 5RWTGP WPIGJGPMGNV QJPG $CPF 44 ++ .CWV $TCODKNNC KP $$ 5 YWTFGP FKG /GFCKNNGP CD 5GRVGODGT DGK FGT (KTOC 5VGHCPQ ,QJPUQP KP /CKNCPF IGRT·IV 2TGKUYGTV VCZKGTVGU $GNGIUVÒEM CNU JGTXQTTCIGPFGT 'TUCV\ HÒT GKP PWT UEJYGT CNU 1TKIKPCN DGUEJCHHDCTGU 1TKIKPCNGZGORNCT

+6#.+'0+5%*' 4'27$.+- 5'+6

8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGT +VCNKGPKUEJGP 4GRWDNKM =1TFKPG #N /GTKVQ FGNNC 4GRWDDNKEC +VCNKCPC? /Q FGNN )TQ­MTGW\ 5GV =)TCP %TQEG? 0QTOCNCWUICDG OKV IGTCFGP (NÒIGNP FGT #FNGT #WUHÒJTWPI DGUVGJGPF CWU -NGKPQF 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV 5VGTPEJGP #WHNCIGP $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV CO QTKIKPCNGP 5EJWNVGTDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV 5VGTPEJGP #WHNCIG $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC ' )CTFKPQ 5WEE %TCXCP\QNC KP 4QO \WUCOOGP OKV /KPKCVWT 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO $·PFEJGP OKV CWHIGNGIVGT 4QUGVVG OKV IQNFHCTDGPGT /CWGTMTQPG WPF -PQRHNQEJ 4QUGVVG OKV #WHNCIG KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK XQP %TCXCP\QNC 5WEE ' )CTFKPQ KP 4QO OKV GKPIGRT·IVGO KVCNKGPKUEJGP 5VCCVUYCRRGP <- ++ )GUVKHVGV XQO KVCNKGPKUEJGP 5VCCVURT·UKFGPVGP .WKIK 'KPCWFK 5VCCVURT·UKFGPV XQP DKU OKV )GUGV\ 0T XQO /·T\ XGTÌHHGPVNKEJV KP FGT )C\GVVC 7HHKEKCNG 0T XQO /·T\ CNU UGEJUMNCUUKIGT

-QNNCPG )TQ­MTGW\ )TQ­QHHK\KGT -QOOCPFGWT 1HHK\KGT WPF 4KVVGT CNNIGOGKPGT 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP /KV &GMTGV FGU 5VCCVURT·UKFGPVGP XQO /CK XGTÌHHGPVNKEJV KP FGT )C\GVVC 7HHKEKCNG 0T XQO /CK YWTFGP FKG 8GTNGKJWPIUTKEJVNKPKGP XGTÌHHGPVNKEJV &KG GTUVGP 5VCVWVGP FGU 1TFGPU FCVKGTGP XQO 1MVQDGT XGTÌHHGPVNKEJV KP FGT )C\GVVC 7HHKEKCNG 0T XQO 0QXGODGT /KV &GMTGV 0T FGU 5VCCVURT·UKFGPVGP %CTNQ #\GINKQ %KCORK IGD 5VCCVURT·UKFGPV XQP DKU XQO /·T\ GTHWJT GT GKPG IG·PFGTVG PWPOGJT GVYCU VTCFKVKQPGNNGTG )GUVCNVWPI KP #PNGJPWPI CP FGP DKU DGUVGJGPFGP 1TFGP FGT -TQPG XQP +VCNKGP

262

8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGT +VCNKGPKUEJGP 4GRWDNKM =1TFKPG #N /GTKVQ FGNNC 4GRWDDNKEC +VCNKCPC? /Q FGNN -NGKPQF \WO )TQ­MTGW\ =)TCP %TQEG? 0QTOCNCWUICDG OKV IGTCFGP (NÒIGNP FGT #FNGT #WUHÒJTWPI 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV 5VGTPEJGP #WHNCIGP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV QJPG 5EJWNVGTDCPF <- ++


SAMMLUNG ITALIEN

888

887

8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGT +VCNKGPKUEJGP 4GRWDNKM =1TFKPG #N /GTKVQ FGNNC 4GRWDDNKEC +VCNKCPC? /Q FGNN $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­MTGW\ =)TCP %TQEG? HÒT &COGP &WTEJOGUUGT OO 0QT OCNCWUICDG OKV IGTCFGP (NÒIGNP FGT #FNGT #WUHÒJTWPI 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV FKG 5VGTPEJGP #WHNCIGP $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV FKG TÒEMUGKVKIG <GPVTWOU #DFGEMWPI HGJNV CP 0CFGN <- XCT 44 ++ <W GKPGO DKUJGT PKEJV DGMCPPVGP <GKVRWPMV YQJN KP FGP GT ,CJTGP YWTFGP HÒT &COGP $TWUVUVGTPG KP TGFW\KGTVGT )TÌ­G GKPIGHÒJTV 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGT +VCNKGPKUEJGP 4GRWDNKM =1TFKPG #N /GTKVQ FGNNC 4GRWDDNKEC +VCNKCPC? /Q FGNN )TQ­QHHK\KGTU 5GV =)TCP 7HHKEKCNG? 0QTOCNCWUICDG OKV IGTCFGP (NÒIGNP FGT #FNGT #WUHÒJTWPI DGUVGJGPF CWU )TQ­QHHK\KGTU -TGW\ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV 5VGTPEJGP #WHNCIGP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKN NKGTV 5VGTPEJGP #WHNCIG 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC ' )CTFKPQ 5WEE %TCXCP\QNC KP 4QO CP 0CFGN \WUCOOGP OKV -PQRHNQEJ 4QUGVVG OKV #WHNCIG KO 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK XQP 5 ,QJPUQP KP /CKNCPF WPF 4QO OKV CWHIGNGIVGO OGVCNNGPGO KVCNKGPKUEJGP 5VCCVUYCRRGP <- ++

889

890

8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGT +VCNKGPKUEJGP 4GRWDNKM =1TFKPG #N /GTKVQ FGNNC 4GRWDDNKEC +VCNKCPC? /Q FGNN )TQ­QHHK\KGTU 5GV =)TCP 7HHKEKCNG? 0QTOCNCWUICDG OKV IGTCFGP (NÒIGNP FGT #FNGT #WUHÒJTWPI DGUVGJGPF CWU )TQ­QHHK\KGTU -TGW\ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV FKG 5VGTPEJGP #WHNCIGP $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV VNY XGTIQN FGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV 5VGTPEJGP #WHNCIG $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC ' )CTFKPQ 5WEE %TCXCP\QNC KP 4QO CP 0CFGN \WUCOOGP OKV /KPKCVWT $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO $·PFEJGP WPF -PQRHNQEJ 4QUGVVG OKV IQNF WPF UKNDGTHCTDGPGT .KV\G KO GVYCU DGTKGDGPGP ITÒPNGFGTPGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK XQP %TCXCP\QNC 5WEE ' )CTFKPQ KP 4QO OKV IQNFHCTDG PGO KVCNKGPKUEJGP 5VCCVUYCRRGP <- ++ 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGT +VCNKGPKUEJGP 4GRWDNKM =1TFKPG #N /GTKVQ FGNNC 4GRWDDNKEC +VCNKCPC? /Q FGNN $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­QHHK\KGT =)TCP 7HHKEKCNG? 0QTOCNCWUICDG OKV IGTCFGP (NÒIGNP FGT #FNGT #WUHÒJTWPI 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV 5VGTPEJGP #WHNCIG $WPV OGVCNN XGTIQNFGV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC ' )CTFKPQ 5WEE %TCXCP\QNC KP 4QO CP 0CFGN \WUCOOGP OKV /KPKCVWT $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO $·PFEJGP WPF -PQRHNQEJ 4QUGVVG OKV #WHNCIG KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK XQP %TCXCP\QNC 5WEE ' )CTFKPQ KP 4QO OKV IQNFHCTDGPGO KVCNKGPKUEJGP 5VCCVUYCRRGP <- 4 ++ 'U JCPFGNV UKEJ JKGTDGK WO GKPGP $TWUVUVGTP KO 'VWK HÒT GKPG 2TQOQVKQP F J GKPG *KP\WXGTNGKJWPI \WO DGTGKVU KPPGJCDGPFGP -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\

263


SAMMLUNG ITALIEN

892

891

8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGT +VCNKGPKUEJGP 4GRWDNKM =1TFKPG #N /GTKVQ FGNNC 4GRWDDNKEC +VCNKCPC? /Q FGNN $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­QHHK\KGT =)TCP 7HHKEKCNG? 0QTOCNCWUICDG OKV IGTCFGP (NÃ’IGNP FGT #FNGT #WUHÃ’JTWPI 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV 5VGTPEJGP #WHNCIG $WPV OGVCNN XGTIQNFGV #WHNCIG DGYGINKEJ QJPG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI CP 0CFGN <- ++

8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGT +VCNKGPKUEJGP 4GRWDNKM =1TFKPG #N /GTKVQ FGNNC 4GRWDDNKEC +VCNKCPC? /Q FGNN -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\ =%QOOGPFCVQTG? 0QTOCNCWUICDG OKV IGTCFGP (NÃ’IGNP FGT #FNGT #WUHÃ’JTWPI 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV 5VGTPEJGP #WHNCIGP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV CO QTKIK PCNGP *CNUDCPF \WUCOOGP OKV /KPKCVWT 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO $·PFEJGP OKV /CWGTMTQ PGP #WHNCIG WPF GOCKNNKGTVGO -PQRHNQEJ #D\GKEJGP KO QTKIKPCNGP ITQ­GP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC 4QVC ) $ KP )GPWC <- ++

893

264

894

895

8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGT +VCNKGPKUEJGP 4GRWDNKM =1TFKPG #N /GTKVQ FGNNC 4GRWDDNKEC +VCNKCPC? /Q FGNN -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\ =%QOOGPFCVQTG? 0QTOCNCWUICDG OKV IGTCFGP (NÃ’IGNP FGT #FNGT #WUHÃ’JTWPI 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV 5VGTPEJGP #WHNCIGP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV CO QTKIK PCNGP *CNUDCPF \WUCOOGP OKV /KPKCVWT 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO $·PFEJGP WPF -PQRHNQEJ 4QUGVVG OKV #WHNCIG KO QTKIKPCNGP ITÃ’PNGFGTPGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK QJPG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI OKV DGUEJ· FKIVGO 8GTUEJNW­ <- ++

8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGT +VCNKGPKUEJGP 4GRWDNKM =1TFKPG #N /GTKVQ FGNNC 4GRWDDNKEC +VCNKCPC? /Q FGNN -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\ =%QOOGPFCVQTG? 0QTOCNCWUICDG OKV IGTCFGP (NÃ’IGNP FGT #FNGT #WUHÃ’JTWPI 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV 5VGTPEJGP #WHNCIGP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV CO QTKIK PCNGP *CNUDCPF <- ++

8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGT +VCNKGPKUEJGP 4GRWDNKM =1TFKPG #N /GTKVQ FGNNC 4GRWDDNKEC +VCNKCPC? /Q FGNN -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\ =%QOOGPFCVQTG? 0QTOCNCWUICDG OKV IGTCFGP (NÃ’IGNP FGT #FNGT #WUHÃ’JTWPI $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF \WUCOOGP OKV -PQRHNQEJ 4QUGVVG KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC ,QJPUQP KP /CKNCPF WPF 4QO OKV IQNFHCT DGPGO 5VCCVUYCRRGP <- + ++


SAMMLUNG ITALIEN

896

897

898

899

8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGT +VCNKGPKUEJGP 4GRWDNKM =1TFKPG #N /GTKVQ FGNNC 4GRWDDNKEC +VCNKCPC? /Q FGNN 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\ =7HHKEKCNG? 0QTOCNCWUICDG OKV IGTCFGP (NÒIGNP FGT #FNGT #WUHÒJTWPI 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV 5VGTPEJGP #WHNCIGP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV CO GVYCU XCTKCPVGP LGFQEJ QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF OKV CWHIGNGIVGT 4QUGVVG \WUCOOGP OKV /KPKCVWT 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV CO $·PFEJGP KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK XQP #TVWTQ 2Q\\K KP 4QO OKV CWHIGNGIVGO OGVCNNGPGP 5VCCVU YCRRGP WPF DGUEJ·FKIVGO 8GTUEJNW­ <- ++

8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGT +VCNKGPKUEJGP 4GRWDNKM =1TFKPG #N /GTKVQ FGNNC 4GRWDDNKEC +VCNKCPC? /Q FGNN 4KVVGTMTGW\ =%CXCNKGTG? 0QTOCNCWUICDG OKV IGTCFGP (NÒIGNP FGT #FNGT #WU HÒJTWPI 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV 5VGTPEJGP #WHNCIGP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF \WUCOOGP OKV /KPKCVWT 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV CO $·PFEJGP WPF -PQRHNQEJ 4QUGVVG KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGK JWPIUGVWK XQP #TVWTQ 2Q\\K KP 4QO OKV CWHIGNGIVGO OGVCNNGPGP 5VCCVUYCRRGP <- ++

8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGT +VCNKGPKUEJGP 4GRWDNKM =1TFKPG #N /GTKVQ FGNNC 4GRWDDNKEC +VCNKCPC? /Q FGNN -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\ =%QOOGPFCVQTG? #WUICDG OKV IGUEJYWPIGPGP (NÒIGNP FGT #FNGT 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV 5VGTPEJGP #WHNCIGP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF \WUCOOGP OKV /KPKCVWT 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO $·PFEJGP OKV CWHIGNGIVGT 4QUGVVG OKV /CW GTMTQPGP #WHNCIG WPF -PQRHNQEJ 4QUGVVG KO QTKIKPCNGP GVYCU DGTKGDGPGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK QJPG *GT UVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI <- 44 ++

1TFGP FGU 5VGTPU FGT +VCNKGPKUEJGP 5QNKFCTKV·V =1TFKPG FGNNC 5VGNNC FGNNC 5QNKFCTKGV¯ +VCNKCPC? /QFGNN $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­QHHK\KGT HNCEJG #WUHÒJTWPI $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV GKPG 5VGTPURKV\G OKP XGTDQIGP CP 0CFGN KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC %TCXCP\QNC 5WEE ' )CTFKPQ <- ++ +++ &GT \WP·EJUV GKPMNCUUKIG 1TFGP /QFGNN YWTFG OKV .GIKUNCVKX &GMTGV 0T XQO ,CPWCT FGU 2TQXKUQ TKUEJGP 5VCCVUQDGTJCWRVU 'PTKEQ FG 0KEQNC XQP DKU RTQXKUQTKUEJGU 5VCCVUQDGTJCWRV WPF GTUVGT 5VCCVURT·UKFGPV IGUVKHVGV XGTÌHHGPVNKEJV KP FGT )C\\GVVC 7HHKEKCNG 0T XQO #WIWUV 1D FKGUGU GKPMNCUUKIG /QFGNN ÒDGTJCWRV XGTNKGJGP YQTFGP KUV FCTH DG\YGKHGNV YGTFGP FC FCU &GMTGV MGKPG #WUUCIGP ÒDGT FKG )GUVCNVWPI FGT &GMQTCVKQP OCEJV UQPFGTP FGTGP (GUVNGIWPI UR·VGTGP &GMTGVGP XQTDGJ·NV /KV .GIKUNCVKX &GMTGV 0T XQO /·T\ XGTÌHHGPVNKEJV KP FGT )C\\GVVC 7HHKEKCNG 0T XQO ,WNK UVKHVGVG FGT PWPOGJTKIG 5VCCVURT·UKFGPV 'PTKEQ FG 0KEQNC FGP LGV\V FTGKMNCUUKIGP )TQ­QHHK\KGT -QOOCPFGWT WPF 4KVVGT 1TFGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FGP 9KGFGTCWHDCW +VCNKGPU /QFGNN /KV RT·UKFGPVKGNNGO &GMTGV 0T XQO ,CPWCT XGTÌHHGPVNKEJV KP FGT )C\\GVVC 7HHKEKCNG 0T XQO /·T\ YWTFGP FKG &WTEJHÒJTWPIUDGUVKO OWPIGP GTNCUUGP $GOGTMGPUYGTV KUV FC­ DGKO /QFGNN FGT $TWUVUVGTP CNNGKPG QJPG YGKVGTG 1TFGPUKPUKIPKGP YKG *CNU QFGT $TWUVFGMQTCVKQP XGTNKGJGP WPF IGVTCIGP YWTFG 'U UEJGKPV FC­ FGT 1TFGP CD GKPGO DGUVKOOVGP DKUJGT PKEJV DGMCPPVGP <GKVRWPMV PKEJV OGJT XGTNKGJGP YWTFG /KV &GMTGV 0T XQO 5GRVGODGT GTPGWGTVG 5VCCVURT·UKFGPV %CTNQ #\GINKQ %KCORK IGD 5VCCVURT·UKFGPV XQP DKU FGP 1TFGP WPF ICD FGP +PUKIPKGP GKPG PGWG )GUVCNVWPI /QFGNN

1TFGP FGU 5VGTPU FGT +VCNKGPKUEJGP 5QNKFCTKV·V =1TFKPG FGNNC 5VGNNC FGNNC 5QNKFCTKGV¯ +VCNKCPC? /QFGNN $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­QHHK\KGT NGKEJV IGYÌNDVG #WUHÒJTWPI \YGKVGKNKIG #PHGTVK IWPI $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV CP 0CFGN <- + ++

265


SAMMLUNG ITALIEN

901

902

1TFGP FGU 5VGTPU FGT +VCNKGPKUEJGP 5QNKFCTKV·V =1TFKPG FGNNC 5VGNNC FGNNC 5QNKFCTKGV¯ +VCNKCPC? /QFGNN 4KVVGT &GMQTCVKQP #WUHÒJTWPI OKV (NCOOGP \YKUEJGP FGP 5VGTPUVTCJNGP ņ ! \YGKVGKNKIG #PHGTVKIWPI $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV TÒEMUGKVKIG <GPVTWOU #DFGEMWPI HGJNV CO $TWUV DCPF \WUCOOGP OKV 4QUGVVG KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC #TVWTQ 2Q\\K KP 4QO OKV CWHIG NGIVGO OGVCNNGPGO 5VCCVUYCRRGP <- XCT 4 ++

5VGTP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FKG #TDGKV =5VGNNC CN /GTKVQ FGN .CXQTQ? /QFGNN #WUHÒJTWPI UGKV 5VGTP GKPGU /GKUVGTU FGT #TDGKV UGKV 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO GVYCU XGT UEJOWV\VGP $TWUVDCPF \WUCOOGP OKV GOCKNNKGTVGO 4GXGTU #D\GKEJGP KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC #TVWTQ 2Q\\K KP 4QO OKV CWHIGNGIVGO OGVCNNGPGO 5VCCVUYCRRGP ++ /KV MÌPKINKEJGO &GMTGV 0T XQO &G\GODGT UVKHVGVG -ÌPKI 8KMVQT 'OCPWGN +++ TGI XQP DKU FGP GKPMNCUUKIGP 5VGTP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FKG #TDGKV =5VGNNC CN /GTKVQ FGN .CXQTQ? FGT HÒT XGTFKGPUV XQNNG *CPFCTDGKVGT KP FGT +PFWUVTKG KO *CPFGN WPF KP FGT .CPFYKTVUEJCHV DGUVKOOV YCT /QFGNN /KV MÌPKINK EJGO &GMTGV 0T XQO ,CPWCT YWTFG FKG )GUVCNVWPI FGT #WU\GKEJPWPI XGT·PFGTV /QFGNN #WU HÒJTWPI /KV )GUGV\ 0T XQO &G\GODGT XGTÌHHGPVNKEJV KP FGT )C\\GVVC 7HHKEKCNG 0T XQO &G\GODGT YWTFG FKG #WU\GKEJPWPI HÒT FKG 4GRWDNKM DGUV·VKIV WPF FKG )GUVCNVWPI FGU MÌPKINKEJGP /QFGNNU DGKDGJCNVGP FC GU MGKPG MÌPKINKEJGP 5[ODQNG CWHYKGU 0WT FCU 5VGTPEJGP FGT 7OUEJTKHV FGU 4GXGTU /GFCKNNQPU YWTFG FWTEJ \YGK 2WPMVG GTUGV\V /QFGNN #WUHÒJTWPI /KV )GUGV\ 0T XQO 1MVQDGT XGTÌHHGPVNKEJV KP FGT )C\ \GVVC 7HHKEKCNG 0T XQO 0QXGODGT YWTFG FGT 5VGTP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FKG #TDGKV \WT 'TKPPGTWPI =5VGNNC CN /GTKVQ FGN .CXQTQ CNNC /GOQTKC? IGUEJCHHGP FGT HÒT #TDGKVGT DGUVKOOV YCT FKG CWHITWPF XQP CW­GTQTFGPVNKEJGP 7OUV·PFGP DGK KJTGT #TDGKV WOIGMQOOGP YCTGP &WTEJ FCU )GUGV\ 0T XQO /CK XGTÌHHGPVNKEJV KP FGT )C\\GVVC 7HHKEKCNG 0T XQO /CK YWTFG FKG #WU\GKEJPWPI GKPGT 0GWQTICPKUCVKQP WPVGTYQTHGP YQDGK LGFQEJ FKG )GUVCNVWPI PKEJV VCPIKGTV YWTFG .CWV #TV FGU )GUGV\GU HÒJTGP FKG +PJCDGT FGT &GMQTCVKQP FGP 'JTGPVKVGN GKPGU /GKUVGTU FGT #TDGKV =/CGUVTQ FGN .CXQTQ?

903

+6#.+'0+5%*' +06'40#6+10#.' 70& )'5'..5%*#(65 14&'0

266

5QWXGT·PGT /KNKV·TKUEJGT *QURKVCNQTFGP XQO JN )GQTI KP -·TPVGP =5QXTCPQ /KNKVCTG 1TFKPG 1URK FCNKGTG FK 5CP )KQTIKQ KP %CTKP\KC? /QFGNN -TGW\ HÒT )PCFGPTKVVGT $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKN NKGTV CO $TWUVDCPF \WUCOOGP OKV RCUUGPFGT /KPKCVWT CO $·PFEJGP &C\W /KPKCVWT FGU $TWUVUVGTPU \WO )TQ­MTGW\ WPF /KPKCVWT FGU $TWUVUVGTPU FGU 1TFGPU 7PUGTGT .KGDGP (TCW XQP /GTEGFGU UQYKG -TGW\ GKPGU WPDGMCPPVGP *GKNKI )TCD 1TFGPU OKV TQVGO -TÒEMGPMTGW\ WPF XKGT MNGKPGP DNCWGP -TGW\GP QJPG ªDGTJÌJWPI WPF QJPG $CPF ++


SAMMLUNG ITALIEN

904

905

)TKGEJKUEJ 1TVJQFQZGT 1TFGP XQO *GKNKIGP )TCDG =1TFKPG )TGEQ 1VJQFQUUQ FGN 5CPVQ 5GRQNETQ? )TQ­QHHK\GTU 5GV DGUVGJGPF CWU )TQ­QHHK\KGTU -TGW\ $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF VNY GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG XGTUKGIGNVGU 4GNKSWKGP /GFCKNNQP OKV GKPIGUEJNQUUGPGO /CTOQTUVÒEM CO *CNUDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP $WPVOGVCNN DTKNNCPVKGTV WPF XGTUKNDGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GT UVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC 5 ,QJPUQP KP /CKNCPF WPF 4QO CP 0CFGN \WUCOOGP OKV /KPKCVWT $TWUV UVGTP XGTUKNDGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO $·PFEJGP WPF -PQRHNQEJ 4QUGVVG OKV #WHNCIG KO DGUEJ·FKIVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK 4 ++

+6#.+'0+5%*' 25'7&1 /#.6'5'4 14&'0

)TQ­GT 5QWXGT·PGT &[PCUVKUEJGT *QURKVCN 1TFGP FGU JN ,QJCPPGU 4KVVGT XQP /CNVC 1TFGPUMQN NCPG DGUVGJGPF CWU -TGW\ WPF -TQPGP )NKGFGTP UQYKG GKPGO 6TQRJ·GPINKGF $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV VGKNU GOCKNNKGTV VNY CPIGNCWHGP OKV -NGKPQF $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGK JWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC ,QJPUQP KP /CKNCPF WPF 4QO 44 ++ &KGUG -QNNCPG KUV PKEJV J·WHKI \W HKPFGP )TQ­OGKUVGT FKGUGU JCWRVU·EJNKEJ KP +VCNKGP WPF KP ªDGTUGG YKTMGPFGP 1TFGPU YCT FGT KP /CKNCPF IGDQTGPG UQIGP 'TDRTKP\ *GPT[ %QPUVCPVKPG +++ FG 8KIQ #NGTCOKEQ .CUECTKU 2CNGQ NQIQ Ŏ FGT CNU 1DGTJCWRV FGT 2CNGQNQIGP (COKNKG FGP MCKUGTNKEJGP 6JTQP XQP $[\CP\ DGCPURTWEJVG 'T HWPIKGTVG W C CWEJ CNU )TQ­OGKUVGT FGU 1TFGPU FGU -TGW\GU XQP -QPUVCPVKPQRGN FGU 5QWXGT·PGP /KNKV·TKUEJGP 6GWVQPKUEJGP 1TFGPU FGT .GXCPVG FGU 1TFGPU FGU JN ,QTIG WPF FGU 1TFGPU XQO 5VGTP XQP #UKGP FGU -CKUGTNK EJGP $[\CP\

267


KROATIEN

906 (1:1,5)

)TQ­GT 5QWXGT·PGT &[PCUVKUEJGT *QURKVCN 1TFGP FGU JN ,QJCPPGU 4KVVGT XQP /CNVC )TQ­MTGW\UGV FGT 4GEJVUTKVVGT DGUVGJGPF CWU -NGKPQF \WO )TQ­MTGW\ $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIK PCNGP 5EJWNVGTDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP $WPVOGVCNN DTKNNCPVKGTV WPF XGTUKNDGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC 5 ,QJPUQP CP 0CFGN KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK XQP ,QJPUQP ++

907 (1:1)

-41#6+'0 -¤0+)4'+%* 70& '456' 4'27$.+-

1TFGP FGT -TQPG -ÌPKI <XQPKOKTU =4GF MTWPG MTCNLC <XQPKOKTC? 5GV FGU )TQ­GP 1TFGPU FGT -TQPG -ÌPKI <XQPKOKTU =8GNTGF MTWPG MTCNLC <XQPKOKTC U &CPKEQO? DGUVGJGPF CWU -NGKPQF $WPVOGVCNN XGT IQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP 5EJWNVGTDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT #WHNCIG $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CP JQTK\QPVCNGT 0CFGN FKGUG OKV \YGK 2WP\GP $- UGEJUGEMKIG 2WP\G WPF CWIGPHÌT OKIG 2WP\G KO QTKIKPCNGP DQTFGCWZTQVGP IQNFHCTDGP DG\GKEJPGVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK $9- <- 444 ++ .CWV 2TKUVGT KP 2*4 5 H YWTFGP PWT 8GTNGKJWPIGP WPF UQICT PWT UGEJU 8GTNGKJWPIGP FKGUGT JÌEJUVGP -NCUUG FGU 1TFGPU KP FKGUGT #WUHÒJTWPI XQTIGPQOOGP \WUCOOGP CNUQ +P FGP ,CJTGP DKU UKPF MGKPG 8GTNGKJWPIGP GTHQNIV &GT HÒPHMNCUUKIG <KXKN WPF /KNKV·T 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP YWTFG CO /CK IGUVKHVGV WPF IKPI OKV FGO <W UCOOGPDTWEJ FGU 7UVCUEJC 4GIKOGU WPVGT

268


LETTLAND

908 (1:1)

1TFGP FGT -TQPG -ÌPKI <XQPKOKTU =4GF MTWPG MTCNLC <XQPKOKTC? -TGW\ + -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP DG\GKEJPGVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK $9- <- 4 ++ .CWV 2TKUVGT KP 2*4 5 H YWTFGP XKGT 8GTNGKJWPIGP WPF 8GTNGKJWPIGP FGT + -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP XQTIGPQOOGP \WUCOOGP CNUQ PWT +P FGP ,CJTGP WPF UKPF MGKPG 8GTNGKJWPIGP GTHQNIV

909 (1:1)

.'66.#0&

'456' 4'27$.+-

1TFGP FGT &TGK 5VGTPG =6TKLW <XCKIzÈW QTFGPKU? /QFGNN 5GV FGT -NCUUG DGUVGJGPF CWU -NGKPQF 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV FKG FTGK 5VGTPG )QNF OKP 5RTÒPIG WPF QDGTHN·EJNKEJGT 'OCKNNG %JKR KO #XGTU /GFCKNNQP CWH FGO #XGTU FGT #WHJ·PIWPI *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G ( / FGT (KTOC 9 ( /ÒNNGT KP 4KIC NGVVKUEJG 5KNDGTRWP\G HÒT GKPJGKOKUEJG *GTUVGNNWPI WPF NGVVKUEJG -QRH RWP\G CO QTKIKPCNGP 5EJWNVGTDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV FKG FTGK 5VGTPG )QNF CWH FGO 4GXGTU *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI XQP 9 ( /ÒNNGT *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G ( / XQP 9 ( /ÒNNGT NGVVKUEJG 5KNDGTRWP\G HÒT GKPJGKOKUEJG *GTUVGNNWPI WPF NGVVKUEJG -QRHRWP\G CP 0CFGN FKGUG OKV NGVVKUEJGT -QRHRWP\G OKV \YGK UGKVNKEJGP (KZKGTJCMGP KO QTKIKPCNGP UVCTM DGUEJ·FKIVGP 8GT NGKJWPIUGVWK OKV IQNFHCTDGPGO 5VCCVUYCRRGP $9- <- 4 ++ #NU UGEJUMNCUUKIGT 5QPFGTMNCUUG DKU -NCUUG CNNIGOGKPGT 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP OKV CHHKNKKGTVGT FTGKUVWHKIGT 8GT FKGPUVOGFCKNNG YWTFG GT XQO NGVVKUEJGP 2CTNCOGPV CO /·T\ IGUVKHVGV WPF DKU \WT #PPGZKQP FWTEJ FKG 5QYLGVWPKQP XGTNKGJGP #O 1MVQDGT YWTFG GT GTPGWGTV

269


GROSSHERZOGTUM LUXEMBURG

910

911

)4155*'4<1)67/ .7:'/$74)

<KXKN WPF /KNKV·T 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP #FQNRJU XQP 0CUUCW =1TFTG FW /¾TKVG %KXKN GV /KNKVCKTG F #FQNRJG FG 0CUUCW? /QFGNN UGKV 1HHK\KGTU D\Y 4KVVGTMTGW\ QJPG -TQPG #WUHÒJTWPI OKV GKPIGNCUUGPGO /QPQITCOO # KO #XGTU /GFCKNNQP #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC #TVJWU $GTVTCPF KP 2CTKU 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV KO $CPFTKPI 2WP\G XQP #TVJWU $GTVTCPF KP 2CTKU HÒT GT 5KNDGT QJPG $CPF $9- <- 4 + ++ $KU YCTGP FKG 4KVVGTMTGW\G GVYCU MNGKPGT CNU FKG 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\G *GWVG UKPF FKG -TGW\G KFGPVKUEJ OKV GKPGO &WTEJOGUUGT XQP DKU OO WPF YGTFGP PWT FWTEJ FKG DGKO 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\ CWH FGO $TWUVDCPF CPIGDTCEJVG 4QUGVVG WPVGTUEJKGFGP #WEJ FKG +PUKIPKGP FGU .WZGODWTIGT /QFGNNU UKPF KP CNNGP -NCUUGP UGNVGP ÒDGTPCJO .WZGODWTI FGP IGUVKHVGVGP WPF WPVGTIGICPIGPGP WTURTÒPINKEJ PCUUCWKUEJGP 1TFGP WPF TGQTICPKUKGTVG KJP ITWPFNGIGPF WPF XGT·PFGTV DGUVGJV GT PWPOGJT CWU GKPGT \KXKNGP WPF GKPGT OKNKV·TKUEJGP #DVGKNWPI OKV LGYGKNU HÒPH -NCUUGP YQDGK FKG FTGK WPVGTGP KP LGYGKNU \YGK 5VWHGP OKV WPF QJPG -TQPG WPVGTVGKNV UKPF <WO 1TFGP IGJÌTV PQEJ GKP 'JTGPMTGW\ HÒT &COGP GKP \YGKUVWHKIGU 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ GKPG \YGKUVW HKIG /GFCKNNG HÒT -WPUV WPF 9KUUGPUEJCHV UQYKG GKPG FTGKUVWHKIG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG 8IN -NKGVOCPP -WTV ) .WZGODWTI ņ /KNKV·T WPF <KXKNXGTFKGPUVQTFGP #FQNRJU XQP 0CUUCW +P -1. 1TFGP FGT 'KEJGPMTQPG =1TFTG FG NC %QWTQPPG FG %J¿PG? /QFGNN 4KVVGTMTGW\ HTÒJG #WUHÒJTWPI OKV DTGKVGP -TGW\CTO 'PFGP )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I OKP *CCTTKUUG CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FGU QDGTGP -TGW\CTOU ITQ­GT 'OCKNNG #WUDTWEJ QJPG $CPF $9- <- ++ +++ (TÒJG #PHGTVKIWPI CWU FGO \YGKVGP &TKVVGN FGU ,J &GT 1TFGP YWTFG OKV -ÌPKINKEJ )TQ­JGT\QINKEJGO $GUEJNW­ XQO &G\GODGT XQP 9KNJGNO ++ -ÌPKI FGT 0KGFGTNCPFG WPF )TQ­JGT\QI XQP .WZGODWTI CNU XKGTMNCUUKIGT )TQ­MTGW\ 4KVVGT XQO 5VGTP -QOOCPFGWT WPF 4KVVGT CNNIGOGKPGT 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP HÒT FCU )TQ­JGT\QIVWO .WZGODWTI IGUVKHVGV YWTFG HÒT FCU )TQ­MTGW\ GKP GKIGPGT CEJVUVTCJNKIGT $TWUVUVGTP GKPIGHÒJTV FKG -NCUUG FGT 4KVVGT OKV 5VGTP KP )TQ­QHHK\KGT WODGPCPPV UQYKG FKG 1HHK\KGTUMNCUUG WPF FKG FTGKUVWHKIG )QNF 5KNDGT WPF $TQP\G CHHKNKKGTVG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG IGUVKHVGV <WT HTÒJGP )GUEJKEJVG FGU 1TFGPU WPF UGKPGT 6T·IGT DKU UKGJG /WNFGT % 2 WPF %JTKUVKCCPU 2 # ņ 1PFGTUEJGKFKPIGP XCP FG -QPKPI )TQQVJGTVQI ņ &G 1TFG XCP FG 'KMGPMTQQP ʼnU )TCXGPJCIG

912 (1:1)

270

1TFGP FGT 'KEJGPMTQPG =1TFTG FG NC %QWTQPPG FG %J¿PG? /QFGNN UGKV )TQ­MTGW\ 5GV #WUHÒJTWPI OKV UGRCTCV CWHIGNGIVGO /QPQITCOO KO /GFCKNNQP #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC #TVJWU $GTVTCPF KP 2CTKU DGUVGJGPF CWU -NGKPQF 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP 5EJWNVGTDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN OKV \YGK UGKVNKEJGP (KZKGTJCMGP \WUCOOGP OKV -PQRHNQEJ 4QUGVVG OKV IQNFHCTDGPGT .KV\G KO QTKIKPCNGP ITÒPGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK $9- <- +


GROSSHERZOGTUM LUXEMBURG

914

913

1TFGP FGT 'KEJGPMTQPG =1TFTG FG NC %QWTQPPG FG %J¿PG? /QFGNN UGKV $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­MTGW\ #WUHÃ’JTWPI OKV UGRCTCV CWHIGNGIVGO /QPQITCOO KO /GFCKNNQP 5KNDGT #WHNCIGP )QNF VNY HGKPUV ITCXKGTV WPF \KUGNKGTV GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN $9- <- + 5GJT SWCNKV·VUXQNNG WPF Ã’DGTCWU RNCUVKUEJ CWUIGHÃ’JTVG #PHGTVKIWPI WO KP VCFGNNQUGT 'TJCNVWPI

1TFGP FGT 'KEJGPMTQPG =1TFTG FG NC %QWTQPPG FG %J¿PG? /QFGNN UGKV )TQ­QHHK\KGTU 5GV #WUHÃ’JTWPI OKV KP FCU /GFCKNNQP GKPIGNCUUGPGO /QPQITCOO #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC #TVJWU $GTVTCPF KP 2CTKU DGUVGJGPF CWU )TQ­QHHK\KGTU -TGW\ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV KO $CPFTKPI 2WP\G XQP #TVJWU $GTVTCPF KP 2CTKU HÃ’T GT 5KNDGT CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN FKGUG OKV 2WP\G XQP #TVJWU $GTVTCPF KP 2CTKU HÃ’T GT 5KNDGT OKV \YGK UGKVNKEJGP (KZKGTJCMGP \WUCOOGP OKV -PQRHNQEJ 4QUGVVG OKV IQNF WPF UKNDGTHCTDGPGT .KV\G KO QTKIKPCNGP ITÃ’PGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK $9- <- +

915

916

917

1TFGP FGT 'KEJGPMTQPG =1TFTG FG NC %QWTQPPG FG %J¿PG? /QFGNN UGKV $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­QHHK\KGT #WUHÃ’JTWPI OKV UGRCTCV CWHIGNGIVGO /QPQITCOO KO /GFCKNNQP 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV #WHNC IGP )QNF VNY HGKPUV ITCXKGTV WPF \KUGNKGTV GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4Ã’EMUGKVG YQJN *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G $: CP 0CFGN FKGUG GDGPHCNNU OKV 2WP\G $: WPF PKGFGTN·PFKUEJGT 2WP\G HÃ’T GT 5KNDGT XQP DKU

5EJYGTV FKG NGV\VGTG CWEJ CWH FGO 0CFGNJCMGP $9- <- + 5GJT SWCNKV·VUXQNNG WPF Ã’DGTCWU RNCUVKUEJ CWUIGHÃ’JTVG #PHGTVKIWPI WO KP VCFGNNQUGT 'TJCNVWPI

1TFGP FGT 'KEJGPMTQPG =1TFTG FG NC %QWTQPPG FG %J¿PG? /QFGNN UGKV -QOOCPFGWTU MTGW\ #WUHÃ’JTWPI OKV KP FCU /GFCKNNQP GKPIGNCUUGPGO /QPQITCOO #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC #TVJWU $GTVTCPF KP 2CTKU 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV QJPG *CNUDCPF $9- <- ++

1TFGP FGT 'KEJGPMTQPG =1TFTG FG NC %QWTQPPG FG %J¿PG? /QFGNN UGKV 4KVVGTMTGW\ #WU HÃ’JTWPI OKV KO /GFCKNNQP (GNF GKPIGNCUUGPGO /QPQITCOO $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV /GFCKNNQPU )QNF VNY ITCXKGTV GOCKNNKGTV KO $CPFTKPI PKEJV \W KFGPVKHK\KGTGPFG 2WP\G CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF $9- <- +

271


MALTESER ORDEN

919

918

8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGU )TQ­JGT\QIVWOU .WZGODWTI =1TFTG FG /¾TKVG FW )TCPF &WEJ¾ FG .WZGO DQWTI? )TQ­MTGW\ 5GV #WUHÒJTWPI OKV GKPVGKNKIGP /GFCKNNQPU DGUVGJGPF CWU -NGKPQF $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP 5EJWNVGTDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 9GK­OGVCNN XGTIQNFGV #WHNCIG $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN FKGUG OKV *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G FGT (KTOC #TVJWU $GTVTCPF KP 2CTKU OKV \YGK UGKVNKEJGP (KZKGTJCMGP \WUCOOGP OKV -PQRHNQEJ 4QUGVVG OKV IQNFHCTDGPGT .KV\G KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK <- ++ &GT HÒPHMNCUUKIG CNNIGOGKPG 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP YWTFG CO ,CPWCT XQP )TQ­JGT\QIKP %JCTNQVVG IGUVKHVGV +JO KUV GKPG GKPUVWHKIG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG CHHKNKKGTV &KG 1TFGPUKPUKIPKGP YGTFGP UGKV CWUUEJNKG­NKEJ XQP FGT (KTOC #TVJWU $GTVTCPF KP 2CTKU JGTIGUVGNNV

8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGU )TQ­JGT\QIVWOU .WZGODWTI =1TFTG FG /¾TKVG FW )TCPF &WEJ¾ FG .WZGO DQWTI? -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\ #WUHÒJTWPI OKV GKPVGKNKIGP /GFCKNNQPU $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV KO $CPFTKPI *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G FGT (KTOC #TVJWU $GTVTCPF KP 2CTKU CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF \WUCOOGP OKV -PQRHNQEJ 4QUGVVG KO QTKIKPCNGP CW­GP VNY DGTKGDGPGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK XQP #TVJWU $GTVTCPF <- +

920 (1:1)

5178'4 0'4 /#.6'5'4 4+66'414&'0 5178'4 0'4 4+66'4 70& *152+6#.14&'0 81/ *. ,1*#00'5 <7 ,'475#.'/ 810 4*1&15 70& 810 /#.6# +06'40#6+10#.' (14/

1TFGPUKPUKIPKGP OKV JGTCNFKUEJGT -ÌPKIUMTQPG CNU ªDGTJÌJWPI WPF .KNKGP \YKUEJGP FGP -TGW\CT OGP /QFGNN DKU 4KVVGTMTGW\ QJPG -TQPG QTKIKPCNG CNVG OQFKUEJG #PHGTVKIWPI KP )QNFHKNKI TCPCTDGKV CWU FGO GTUVGP 3WCTVCN FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU Z OO )QNF I KP FGT ¤UG CNVG *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G %1 CO PGWGP $CPFUVÒEM 44 ++ 9KT JCNVGP FKGUGU 'ZGORNCT CWHITWPF FGU 8QTJCPFGPUGKPU FGT .KNKGP \YKUEJGP FGP -TGW\CTOGP KO )GIGPUCV\ \W FGP DGMCPPVGP 5EJOWEMUVÒEMGP XIN -CV 0T OKV 4CWVGP \YKUEJGP -TGW\CTOGP HÒT GKP YKTMNKEJGU -TGW\ GKPGU 1TFGPUTKVVGTU CWU FGO GTUVGP &TKVVGN FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU $GK 5RCFC KUV PWT GKP -TGW\ FKGUGU 6[RU OKV .KNKGP KP 1) 5 CDIGDKNFGV UQYKG GKP RCUUGPFGU 5VGEMMTGW\ KP 5KNDGT KP 1) 5 0T #NNG YGKVGTGP FQTV CWH FGP 5 WPF CDIGDKNFGVGP (KNKITCPMTGW\G \GKIGP 'ZGORNCTG OKV 4CWVGP \YKUEJGP FGP -TGW\CTOGP #D EC YCT KP FGP UÒFNKEJGP GWTQR·KUEJGP 4GIKQPGP UQ XQT CNNGO KP 2QTVWICN KO UÒFNKEJGP +VCNKGP WPF UGJT UVCTM CWH /CNVC 5EJOWEM KP )QNFHKNKITCP WPF ņITCPWNCVKQP KP /QFG IGMQOOGP WPF UGNDUVXGTUV·PFNKEJ WPVGTNCIGP CWEJ GKPKIG FCOCNKIG 1TFGPUTKVVGT FKGUGT 4GIKQPGP FKGUGP IGYKUUGP OQFKUEJGP #PHQTFGTWPIGP YGUYGIGP UKG UKEJ OWVOC­NKEJ UQNEJG 'ZGORNCTG YKG FCU JKGT CPIGDQVGPG CPHGTVKIGP NKG­GP

272


MALTESER ORDEN +O 8GTNCWH FGT \YGKVGP *·NHVG FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU JCVVGP HTCP\ÌUKUEJG 1TFGPUTKVVGT FKG FCOCNU KP FTGK <WPIGP QTICPKUKGTV FGP YGKVCWU ITÌ­VGP 6GKN FGT 4KVVGT TGRT·UGPVKGTVGP DGIQPPGP \WT -GPP\GKEJPWPI KJTGT 0CVKQPCNKV·V .KNKGP \YKUEJGP FGP -TGW\CTOGP KJTGT +PUKIPKGP GKP\WHÒIGP Y·JTGPF \ $ FGWVUEJG 1TFGPUTKVVGT KO #NNIGOGKPGP \WP·EJUV MGKPG 5[ODQNG GKPHÒIVGP #NNGTFKPIU HÒIVG FKG RTQVGUVCPVKUEJG $CNNG[ $TCPFGPDWTI FGU 1TFGPU FKG DKU \WOKPFGUV HQTOCN GKP 6GKN FGU FGWVUEJGP )TQ­RTKQTCVU YCT PCEJ *G[FG KP *;2 5 GPVYGFGT QFGT IQNFGPG WPIGMTÌPVG DTCPFGPDWTIKUEJG #FNGT \YKUEJGP FGP -TGW\CTOGP GKP -WT\ PCEJ UGKPGT 9CJN IGNCPI GU FGO )TQ­OGKUVGT FGU 1TFGPU (T¯ /CPWGN 2KPVQ FG (QPUGEC UKEJ FGHKPKVKX XQP FGT UQYKGUQ PWT PQEJ CWH FGO 2CRKGT UGKV DGUVGJGPFGP .GJGPUCDJ·PIKIMGKV XQP FGT URCPKUEJGP -TQPG \W NÌUGP &C GT UKEJ PWPOGJT CNU 5QWXGT·P KO 4CPIG INGKEJ GKPGO -ÌPKI UCJ XGTHÒIVG GT FKG #WHPCJOG GKPGT MÌPKINKEJGP CEJVDÒIGNKIGP -TQPG CPUVGNNG FGT DKUJGTKIGP URCPKUEJGP QHHGPGP *GT\QIU QFGT (ÒTUVGPMTQPG CNU ªDGTJÌJWPI KO 1TFGPUYCRRGP 1JPG FC­ FKGU LG CWUFTÒEMNKEJ XGTHÒIV YWTFG DGICPPGP KP FGT (QNIG\GKV XQT CNNGO KO NGV\VGP &TKVVGN FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU CNNO·JNKEJ GKPKIG 1TFGPUTKVVGT KJTG +PUKIPKGP OKV GKPGT UQNEJGP -ÌPKIUMTQPG \W ÒDGTJÌJGP 5Q GZKUVKGTVGP DKU JKPGKP KP FCU GTUVG &TKVVGN FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU -TGW\G XQP 1TFGPUTKVVGTP UQYQJN OKV CNU CWEJ QJPG MÌPKINKEJG -TQPG YCU FWTEJ \CJNTGKEJG 2QTVTCKVU XQP 1TFGPUTKVVGTP DGNGIV KUV 'KPG FGHKPKVKXG 4GIGNWPI HÒT FGP )GUCOVQTFGP GTHQNIVG GTUV KO ,CJTG LGFQEJ JCVVG UEJQP FGT RTGW­KUEJG -ÌPKI (TKGFTKEJ ++ GKPG -ÌPKIUMTQPG \WT ªDGTJÌJWPI FGT +PUKIPKGP FGT $CNNG[ IGUVKHVGV YCU FWTEJCWU CNU 8QTDKNF HÒT FKGUG KO )GUCO VQTFGP WTURTÒPINKEJ OQFKUEJG *KP\WHÒIWPI IGUGJGP YGTFGP MCPP

921

1TFGPUKPUKIPKGP OKV JGTCNFKUEJGT -ÌPKIUMTQPG CNU ªDGTJÌJWPI WPF .KNKGP \YKUEJGP FGP -TGW\CT OGP WPF /QFGNN UGKV )TQ­MTGW\ FGT 2TQHG­ $CKNNKU Z OO 5KNDGT VNY ITCXKGTV WPF XGTIQNFGV GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP IGUVKEMVGP -QNNCT *CNUDCPF KO 1TKIKPCNGVWK <- + &CU 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU FGO UÒFKVCNKGPKUEJGP *QEJCFGN *QEJSWCNKVCVKXG #PHGTVKIWPI YQJN FGT (KTOC 4QVJG KP 9KGP WPVGT 8GTYGPFWPI GKPGT -ÌPKIUMTQPG FGU 1TFGPU (TCP\ + $GKFGT 5K\KNKGP OKV UGRCTCV CPIGHGTVKIVGP WPF CWHIGDTCEJVGP XGTUVKHVGVGP -TGW\CTOGP +P FKGUGT (QTO XQP CNNGTITÌ­VGT 5GNVGPJGKV &CU )TQ­MTGW\ KP FKGUGT (QTO YWTFG WPF YKTF CWEJ XQP FGP 1DQGFKGP\ $CKNNKU WPF 1DQGFKGP\ )TQ­MTGW\ 4KVVGTP WPF XQP FGP 'JTGP WPF &GXQVKQPU $CKNNKU WPF )TQ­MTGW\ 4KVVGTP IGVTCIGP 8IN 52/ 5 WPF

273


MALTESER ORDEN

925

922

923 (1:1)

926

924 (1:1)

1TFGPUKPUKIPKGP OKV JGTCNFKUEJGT -ÌPKIUMTQPG CNU ªDGTJÌJWPI WPF .KNKGP \YKUEJGP FGP -TGW\CT OGP WPF /QFGNN *CNUMTGW\ FGT 2TQHG­ -QPXGPVWCN -CRN·PG FGT 'JTGP -QPXGPVWCN -CRN·PG WPF FGT )PCFGP /CIKUVTCN 4KVVGT 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FGT 5EJNGKHG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC ' )CTFKPQ KP 4QO CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF <- ++ &CU *CNUMTGW\ YWTFG XQP 2TQHG­ -QPXGPVWCN -CRN·PGP 'JTGP -QPXGPVWCN -CRN·PGP WPF )PCFGP /CIKUVTCN 4KVVGT INGKEJGTOC­GP IGVTCIGP

1TFGPUKPUKIPKGP OKV JGTCNFKUEJGT -ÌPKIUMTQPG CNU ªDGTJÌJWPI WPF .KNKGP \YKUEJGP FGP -TGW\CT OGP /QFGNN /KPKCVWTMTGW\ FGT 2TQHG­ -QOVWTG 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO $·PFEJGP OKP 'OCKNNG #DRNCV\WPI CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG GKPGT -TGW\CTO 5RKV\G \WUCOOGP OKV \WIGJÌTK IGT -PQRHNQEJ 4QUGVVG OKV UKNDGTHCTDGPGT .KV\G ++

1TFGPUKPUKIPKGP OKV JGTCNFKUEJGT -ÌPKIUMTQPG CNU ªDGTJÌJWPI WPF .KNKGP \YKUEJGP FGP -TGW\CT OGP /QFGNN /KPKCVWTMTGW\ FGT 'JTGP WPF &GXQVKQPU $CKNNKU D\Y 'JTGP WPF &GXQ VKQPU )TQ­MTGW\ 4KVVGT 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO DGUVKEMVGP $·PFEJGP OKV \WIGJÌTKIGT -PQRHNQEJ 4QUGVVG OKV &QTPGPMTCP\ 'KPHCUUWPI 44 ++

1TFGPUKPUKIPKGP OKV JGTCNFKUEJGT -ÌPKIUMTQPG CNU ªDGTJÌJWPI WPF .KNKGP \YKUEJGP FGP -TGW\CT OGP WPF /QFGNN *CNUMTGW\ FGT ,WUVK\ &QPCVGP WPF FGT &GXQVKQPU &QPCVGP -NCUUG 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF \WUCOOGP OKV /KPKCVWT 5KNDGT XGTIQN FGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO $·PFEJGP WPF -PQRHNQEJ 4QUGVVG OKV #WHNCIG KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC # %CUC\\C KP 4QO OKV YGK­GO /CNVGUGTMTGW\ <- ++ &CU *CNUMTGW\ YWTFG XQP ,WUVK\ WPF &GXQVKQPU &QPCVGP + -NCUUG IGVTCIGP GTUVGTG VTWIGP FC\W PQEJ GKP FTGKCTOK IGU $TWUV 5VGEMMTGW\

274

1TFGPUKPUKIPKGP OKV JGTCNFKUEJGT -ÌPKIUMTQPG CNU ªDGTJÌJWPI WPF .KNKGP \YKUEJGP FGP -TGW\CT OGP WPF /QFGNN *CNUMTGW\ FGT ,WUVK\ &QPCVGP WPF FGT &GXQVKQPU &QPCVGP -NCUUG 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF <- ++


MALTESER ORDEN

930

927

928 929

8'4'+0 &'4 5%*.'5+5%*'0 /#.6'5'44+66'4 %#

1TFGPUKPUKIPKGP OKV ÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJGT -TQPG CNU ªDGTJÌJWPI WPF .KNKGP \YKUEJGP FGP -TGW\CT OGP DKU /QFGNN $TWUVMTGW\ FGT ,WUVK\FQPCVGP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV MCWO UKEJVDCTG 'OCKNNG #DURNKVVGTWPI KP GKPGT -TGW\CTO 5RKV\G KP FGT <KGTÌUG ÒDGT FGT -TQPG *GTUVGN NGTRWP\G (4 FGT (KTOC 4QVJG 0GHHG KP 9KGP WPF 2WP\G HÒT GT 5KNDGT XQP DKU 9KPFJWPFMQRH # CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF <- XCT 4 ++ 'U JCPFGNV UKEJ JKGTDGK WO GKPG UGJT SWCNKV·VUXQNNG #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC 4QVJG KP 9KGP \YKUEJGP EC WPF &CU *CNUMTGW\ FGT ,WUVK\FQPCVGP YWTFG CWEJ XQP FGP &GXQVKQPU &QPCVGP -NCUUG IGVTCIGP +O 7PVGTUEJKGF \W FGP KPVGTPCVKQPCNGP +PUKIPKGP XGTHÒIVGP FKG 1TFGPU\GKEJGP FGU 8GTGKPU FGT 5EJNGUKUEJGP /CNVGUGT TKVVGT UGKV EC UVCVV ÒDGT GKPG JGTCNFKUEJGP -ÌPKIUMTQPG ÒDGT GKPG UVKNKUKGTVG ÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJG -CKUGTMTQPG CNU -TGW\ ªDGTJÌJWPI KFGPVKUEJ FGTLGPKIGP FGT +PUKIPKGP FGU )TQ­RTKQTCVGU $ÌJOGP WPF ¤UVGTTGKEJ NGV\VGTG LGFQEJ \WU·V\NKEJ PQEJ OKV &QRRGNCFNGTP \YKUEJGP FGP -TGW\CTOGP 'KPGT 8GTYGPFWPI XQP &QRRGNCFNGTP \YKUEJGP FGP -TGW\CTOGP FWTEJ FGP UEJNGUKUEJGP 8GTGKP JCVVG FGT RTGW­KUEJG -ÌPKI XGTUV·PFNKEJGTYGKUG GVYCU GPVIGIGP\WUGV\GP GKPGT 8GTYGPFWPI FGT UVKNKUKGTVGP -TQPG LGFQEJ PKEJV 5R·VGT HCPFGP FKGUG +PUKIPKGP CWHITWPF FGT UGJT CPURTGEJGPFGP JKUVQTKUKGTGPFGP )GUVCNVWPI FGT -TQPG CWEJ \WPGJ OGPF 8GTYGPFWPI FWTEJ PKEJV UEJNGUKUEJG 1TFGPUTKVVGT XQT CNNGO KP +VCNKGP 5Q UKPF 2JQVQU XQP 1HHK\KGTGP FGT R·RUVNKEJGP 0QDGNICTFG CWU FGO \YGKVGP &TKVVGN FGU \YCP\KIUVGP ,CJTJWPFGTVU PCEJIGYKGUGP CWH FGPGP FKGUG OKV UQNEJGP 1TFGPUKPUKIPKGP \W UGJGP UKPF #D VTWIGP FKG /KVINKGFGT FGU 8GTGKPU FGT 5EJNGUKUEJGP /CNVGUGTTKVVGT FKG +PUKIPKGP FGU )TQ­RTKQTCVGU ¤UVGT TGKEJ OKV &QRRGNCFNGTP \YKUEJGP FGP -TGW\CTOGP

1TFGPUKPUKIPKGP OKV ÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJGT -TQPG CNU ªDGTJÌJWPI WPF .KNKGP \YKUEJGP FGP -TGW\CT OGP DKU /QFGNN $TWUVMTGW\ FGT 1DQGFKGP\ 4KVVGT #WUHÒJTWPI EC 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG HGJNV GKPG $GHGUVKIWPIU #DFGEMWPI CP 0CFGN 44 ++ <YKUEJGP WPF GTHQNIVGP PWT EC 8GTNGKJWPIGP FKGUGT 5VGEMFGMQTCVKQP FKG KO FKTGMVGP #WHVTCI FGU UEJNGUKUEJGP 8GTGKPU CPIGHGTVKIV YQTFGP UKPF -NCWU * (GFGT UGK CP FKGUGT 5VGNNG HÒT FKG YKEJVKIGP +PHQTOCVKQPGP \WT $GUEJTGKDWPI FKGUGT UGJT UGNVGPGP &GMQTCVKQP TGEJV JGT\NKEJ IGFCPMV

51)'0 (4#0<¤5+5%*' 0#6+10

1TFGPUKPUKIPKGP OKV .KNKGPMTQPG CNU ªDGTJÌJWPI WPF /QFGNN UGKV *CNUMTGW\ FGT 2TQHG­ ,WUVK\ WPF 0QXK\KCVU 4KVVGT KP NGKEJV TGFW\KGTVGT #WUHÒJTWPI Z OO )QNF JQJN IGHGT VKIV WPF GOCKNNKGTV I QJPG *CNUDCPF <- ++ &CU -TGW\ YWTFG WPF YKTF KP FKGUGT )GUVCNVWPI CWEJ XQP FGP 1DQGFKGP\ WPF XQP FGP 'JTGP WPF &GXQVKQPU 4KVVGTP IGVTCIGP

8'4&+'05614&'0 70& '*4'0<'+%*'0

-TGW\ (ÒT /CNVGUKUEJGU 8GTFKGPUV =%TQEG 2TQ /GTKVQ /GNKVGPUG ? /QFGNN -TGW\ OKV N·PIGTGO WPVGTGP -TGW\CTO $CPF YGK­ OKV TQVGP 5GKVGPUVTGKHGP ņ /KPKCVWT FGU 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\GU -NCUUG 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO PKEJV XQNNMQOOGP MQTTGMVGP $·PFEJGP 4 ++

275


MALTESER ORDEN

931 (1:1)

-TGW\ (ÒT /CNVGUKUEJGU 8GTFKGPUV =%TQEG 2TQ /GTKVQ /GNKVGPUG ? /QFGNN -TGW\ OKV XKGT INGKEJNCPIGP -TGW\CTOGP ņ UGKV $TWUVUVGTP \WT -QNNCPG 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV WPF XGTIQNFGV VNY GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN <- 444 ++ &KGUGT $TWUVUVGTP FGT CWUUEJNKG­NKEJ 5VCCVUQDGTJ·WRVGTP QFGT GJGOCNKIGP 5VCCVUQDGTJ·WRVGTP XQTDGJCNVGPGP -QNNCPG KUV XQP CNNGTITÌ­VGT 5GNVGPJGKV 5Q YWTFG \ $ FGO COGTKMCPKUEJGP 2T·UKFGPVGP 4QPCNF 4GCICP 2T·UK FGPV XQP KP 0GY ;QTM FKG -QNNCPG XQP (ÒTUV )TQ­OGKUVGT (T¯ #PFTGC $GTVKG UGKV (ÒTUV )TQ­OGKUVGT ÒDGTTGKEJV 8IN 5,1 5

933 932

-TGW\ (ÒT /CNVGUKUEJGU 8GTFKGPUV =%TQEG 2TQ /GTKVQ /GNKVGPUG ? /QFGNN -TGW\ OKV XKGT INGKEJNCPIGP -TGW\CTOGP ņ UGKV -NGKPQF \WT 5QPFGTMNCUUG FGU )TQ­MTGW\GU \WO )TQ­MTGW\ WPF \WO )TQ­MTGW\ 2KKU /GTKVKU 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV QJPG 5EJWNVGT QFGT *CNUDCPF <- ++ +P FGT 5QPFGTMNCUUG FGU )TQ­MTGW\GU YKTF FKGUGU -NGKPQF CO 5EJWNVGTDCPF WPF FC\W GKP IQNFHCTDGPGT $TWUVUVGTP IGVTCIGP KP FGT )TQ­MTGW\ -NCUUG GDGPHCNNU CO 5EJWNVGTDCPF CDGT FC\W GKP UKNDGTHCTDGPGT $TWUVUVGTP &CU -NGKPQF FGU )TQ­MTGW\GU 2KKU /GTKVKU YKTF CP GKPGO UEJYCT\GP -QNNCT *CNUDCPF OKV UEJOCNGP TQVGP 5GKVGPUVTGKHGP QJPG $TWUVUVGTP IGVTCIGP -TGW\ (ÒT /CNVGUKUEJGU 8GTFKGPUV =%TQEG 2TQ /GTKVQ /GNKVGPUG ? /QFGNN -TGW\ OKV XKGT INGKEJNCPIGP -TGW\CTOGP ņ UGKV )TQ­QHHK\KGTU 5GV OKV 5EJYGTVGTP DGUVGJGPF CWU )TQ­QHHK\KGTU MTGW\ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO *CNUDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC ' )CTFKPQ 5WEE %TCXCP\QNC KP 4QO CP 0CFGN FKGUG OKV KVCNKGPKUEJGT *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G CWU 5CUUCTK 5CTFKPKGP WPF GT 5KNDGTRWP\G \WUCOOGP OKV /KPKCVWTUVGTP 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO $·PFEJGP WPF -PQRHNQEJ 4QUGVVG OKV #WHNCIG KO QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK XQP %TCXCP\QNC 5WEE )CTFKPQ KP 4QO <- 4 ++

276


MALTESER ORDEN

936

934

935

937

-TGW\ (ÒT /CNVGUKUEJGU 8GTFKGPUV =%TQEG 2TQ /GTKVQ /GNKVGPUG ? /QFGNN -TGW\ OKV XKGT INGKEJNCPIGP -TGW\CTOGP ņ UGKV -QOOCPFGWTUMGW\ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV GVYCU XGT UEJOWV\V CO *CNUDCPF \WUCOOGP OKV -PQRHNQEJ 4QUGVVG OKV #WHNCIG KO QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP DG FTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC %TCXCP\QNC 5WEE ' )CTFKPQ KP 4QO <- ++

5%*/7%- =,'9'..'4;? /+6 &'/ /#.6'5'4-4'7<

)TQ­GU /CNVGUGTMTGW\ QJPG -TQPGP ªDGTJÌJWPI CNU #PJ·PIGT Z OO 5KNDGTHKNKITCP XGTIQNFGV FKG 4ÒEMUGKVG FGU NKPMGP -TGW\CTOU DGUEJ·FKIV FGU 9GKVGTGP GKPG 8GT\KGTWPI \YKUEJGP FGP -TGW\CTOGP FKGUG CWEJ WPUCEJIGO·­ TGRCTKGTV CP 6TCIGÌUG +++ 9KG DGTGKVU WPVGT -CV 0T GTN·WVGTV JCPFGNV GU UKEJ DGK FKGUGO WPF FGP HQNIGPFGP 5VÒEMGP PKEJV WO +PUKIPKGP FGU /CNVGUGTQTFGPU UQPFGTP WO 5EJOWEMUVÒEMG FKG CD EC CWH /CNVC KP /QFG IGMQOOGP UKPF +O )GIGPUCV\ \W FGP WPUGTGT /GKPWPI PCEJ UGJT UGNVGPGP FCOCNKIGP YKTMNKEJGP 1TFGPUKPUKIPKGP KP )QNF QFGT 5KNDGTHKNKITCP FKG ÒDGT .KNKGP \YKUEJGP FGP -TGW\CTOGP XGTHÒIVGP YGKUGP FKGUG 5VÒEMG JKGT IGPGTGNN 4CWVGP QFGT UQPUVKIG PKEJV URG\KHK\KGTVG 8GT\KGTWPIGP \YKUEJGP FGP -TGW\CTOGP CWH 0CEJFGO 0CRQNGQP $QPCRCTVG /CNVC OKV *KNHG FGT $GXÌNMGTWPI DGUGV\V JCVVG YWTFG GU XQP FGP $TKVGP GTQDGTV +O 'TUVGP 2CTKUGT (TKGFGP XQP GTJKGNV )TQ­DTKVCPPKGP FKG +PUGN CNU -TQPMQNQPKG \WIGURTQ EJGP +P FGT (QNIG\GKV GPVYKEMGNVG UKEJ GKPG #TV OCNVGUKUEJGU PCVKQPCNGU $GYW­VUGKP KP )GIGPUCV\ \WT DTKVKUEJGP /CTKPGRQNKVKM FKG KP /CNVC FGP YKEJVKIUVGP OKNKV·TUVTCVGIKUEJGP 5VÒV\RWPMV FGU GPVUVGJGPFGP $TKVKUEJGP 'ORKTGU KO /KVVGNOGGT UCJ W­GTGU <GKEJGP FKGUGU UKEJ GPVYKEMGNPFGP $GYW­VUGKPU GKPGT OCNVGUKUEJGP +FGPVKV·V YWTFG FCU CNVG /CNVGUGTMTGW\ QJPG FKG .KNKGP \YKUEJGP FGP -TGW\CTOGP FKG LC CWH (TCPMTGKEJ JKPIGFGWVGV J·VVGP (QNIGTKEJVKI GPVUVCPF FQTV CD EC XQT CNNGO &COGPUEJOWEM FGO UÒFGWTQR·KUEJGP OQFKUEJGP )GUEJOCEM FGT <GKV GPVURTGEJGPF KP )QNF WPF 5KNDGT (KNKITCPCTDGKV WPVGT 8GTYGPFWPI FGU /CNVGUGTMTGW\GU FKGUGU 6[RWU KP (QTO XQP #PJ·PIGTP $TQUEJGP -QNNKGTU #TOD·PFGTP WPF UQICT 1JTIGJ·PIGP +O -CVJGFTCNOWUGWO \W /FKPC KO <GPVTWO /CNVCU UKPF GKPG ICP\G 4GKJG UQNEJGT 5VÒEMG \W DGYWPFGTP &KG WTURTÒPINKEJ OGKUVGTJCHVG 8GTCTDGKVWPI FKGUGT 5EJOWEMUVÒEMG OKV HGKPUVGP 1TPCOGPVGP )KTNCPFGP WPF 5EJPG EMGP XGTGKPHCEJVG UKEJ OKV FGT <GKV UQ FC­ CPJCPF FGT (GKPJGKV FGT 8GTCTDGKVWPI CWEJ FCU WPIGH·JTG #NVGT FGT 1DLGMVG GKP\WUEJ·V\GP KUV #WEJ JGWVG PQEJ UKPF FKGUG 5VÒEMG CNNGTFKPIU KP TGNCVKX GKPHCEJGT )GUVCNVWPI DGK 5EJOWEMJ·PFNGTP XQT CNNGO KP GKPGT 5GKVGPUVTC­G FGT 5V ,QJPʼnU 2TQ %CVJGFTCN KP 8CNGVVC CNU DGNKGDVGU +PUGN 5QWXGPKT M·WHNKEJ \W GTYGTDGP 5RCFC DKNFGV KP 1) 5 WPF KPUIGUCOV (KNKITCPMTGW\G OKV 4CWVGP \YKUEJGP FGP -TGW\CTOGP DGUEJTGKDV UKG LGFQEJ CNNG CNU 1TFGPUMTGW\G CWU FGT 'TUVGP *·NHVG FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU 0WT DGK \YGK YGKVGTGP 'ZGORNCTGP OKV .KNKGP \YKUEJGP FGP -TGW\CTOGP 1) 5 /KVVG WPF 5 0T FÒTHVG GU UKEJ VCVU·EJNKEJ WO 1TFGPUKPUKIPKGP JCPFGNP

-NCWU * (GFGT UGK CP FKGUGT 5VGNNG HÒT UGKPG FKGUDG\ÒINKEJGP YGTVXQNNGP *KPYGKUG HÒT FGP KO *GTDUV FWTEJIG HÒJTVGP (QTUEJWPIU #WHGPVJCNV FGU #WVQTU CWH /CNVC TGEJV JGT\NKEJ IGFCPMV

)TQ­GU /CNVGUGTMTGW\ QJPG -TQPGP ªDGTJÌJWPI CNU #PJ·PIGT QFGT $TQUEJG Z OO 5KNDGT HKNKITCP FKG 0CFGN FGT 3WGT $TQUEJKGTWPI HGJNV CP 6TCIGTKPI ++

/CNVGUGTMTGW\ OKV -TQPGP ªDGTJÌJWPI CNU #PJ·PIGT Z OO 5KNDGTHKNKITCP CP 6TCIGÌUG ++

277


MALTESER ORDEN

938 (1:1)

939 (1:1)

/CNVGUGTMTGW\ OKV -TQPGP ªDGTJÌJWPI CNU #PJ·PIGT Z OO 5KNDGTHKNKITCP CO PGWGP $TWUVDCPF ++

/CNVGUGTMTGW\ OKV -TQPGP ªDGTJÌJWPI CNU #PJ·PIGT WPF $TQUEJG Z OO 5KNDGTHKNKITCP OKV $TQUEJKGTWPI CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG CP PGWGT &COGPUEJNGKHG ++

941 (1:1) 940 (1:1)

/CNVGUGTMTGW\ QJPG -TQPGP ªDGTJÌJWPI CNU #PJ·PIGT Z OO 5KNDGTHKNKITCP XGTIQNFGV CP 6TCIGTKPI ++

-NGKPGU /CNVGUGTMTGW\ OKV -TQPGP ªDGTJÌJWPI CNU #PJ·PIGT Z OO )QNFHKNKITCP I KP FGT ¤UG WPF KO 6TCIGTKPI OGJTHCEJ PKEJV KFGPVKHK\KGTDCT RWP\KGTV CO 6TCIGTKPI ++

942 (1:1)

ex 943 (1:1)

-NGKPGU /CNVGUGTMTGW\ OKV -TQPGP ªDGTJÌJWPI CNU #PJ·PIGT Z OO )QNFHKNKITCP I KP FGT ¤UG WPF KO $CPFTKPI OGJTHCEJ PKEJV KFGPVKHK\KGTDCT RWP\KGTV CO 6TCIGTKPI ++

2CCT MNGKPGT /CNVGUGTMTGW\G OKV -TQPGP ªDGTJÌJWPI CNU 1JTIGJ·PIG ,GYGKNU Z OO )QNF HKNKITCP I CP &WTEJ\WIUJ·MEJGP 44 ++ 5GJT HKNKITCPG #TDGKV KP )QNF GKP KFGCNGU WPF UKPPKIGU )GUEJGPM HÒT FKG )CVVKP GKPGU 1TFGPUUCOONGTU QFGT HÒT GKPGP YGKDNKEJGP (CP FGT 2GTNG KO /KVVGNOGGT

278


FÜRSTENTUM MONACO

944 (1:1)

(ª456'067/ /10#%1

1TFGP XQO JN -CTN =1TFTG FG 5CKPV %JCTNGU? $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­MTGW\ WPF \WO )TQ­QHHK\KGT 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV #WHNCIGP )QNF GOCKNNKGTV OKP MCWO UKEJVDCTG #DRNCV\WPIGP KP FGT ITÒPGP 'OCKNNG FGU .QTDGGTMTCP\GU CP 0CFGN OKV \YGK UGKVNKEJGP (KZKGTJCMGP $9- <- ++ &GT 1TFGP YWTFG XQP (ÒTUV %JCTNGU +++ FWTEJ 1TFQPPCP\ 0T XQO /·T\ CNU \WP·EJUV FTGKMNCUUKIGT CNNIGOGKPGT 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP IGUVKHVGV &WTEJ 1TFQPPCP\ XQO ,CPWCT YWTFG GT CWH HÒPH -NCUUGP GTYGKVGTV +P FKGUGT (QTO YKTF GT CWEJ JGWVG PQEJ XGTNKGJGP

945

946

1TFGP XQO JN -CTN =1TFTG FG 5CKPV %JCTNGU? -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV OKP 'OCKNNG #WUDTÒEJG KP LG GKPGT 5RKV\G FGT 8QTFGT WPF 4ÒEMUGKVG FGU NKPMGP WPF FGU TGEJVGP -TGW\CTOU CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF \WUCOOGP OKV -PQRHNQEJ 4QUGVVG OKV UKNDGTHCTDGPGT .KV\G KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC .QWKU #WDGTV KP 2CTKU OKV IQNFHCTDGPGO /QPQITCOO XQP (ÒTUV 4CKPKGT +++ TGI UGKV $9- <- ++ +++

)TKOCNFK 1TFGP =1TFTG FG )TKOCNFK? 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF OKV CWHIGNGIVGT 4QUGVVG KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC #TVJWU $GTVTCPF KP 2CTKU OKV IQNFHCTDGPGO /QPQITCOO XQP (ÒTUV 4CKPKGT +++ TGI UGKV <- 4 ++ &KG 1HHK\KGTU WPF 4KVVGTMTGW\G FKGUGU 1TFGPU UKPF YGKVCWU UGNVGPGT \W HKPFGP CNU FKG FQEJ TGNCVKX J·WHKI XQTMQO OGPFGP )TQ­MTGW\ WPF )TQ­QHHK\KGTU 5GVU UQYKG -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\G )GUVKHVGV OKV 1TFQPPCP\ 0T XQO 0QXGODGT FWTEJ (ÒTUV 4CKPKGT +++ CNU HÒPHMNCUUKIGT 1TFGP HÒT FGO (ÒTUVGP RGTUÌPNKEJ IGNGKUVGVG 8GTFKGPUVG #WU #PNC­ UGKPGU L·JTKIGP 6JTQPLWDKN·WOU GTJKGNV FGT (ÒTUV CO /CK GKPG -QNNCPG FGU )TQ­OGKUVGTU FGU 1TFGPU FKG KP FGP 5VCVWVGP PKEJV GTY·JPV YKTF XQP UGKPGP 7PVGTVCPGP CNU ,WDKN·WOUIGUEJGPM

279


MONTENEGRO

947 (1:1)

/106'0')41 (ª456'067/ 70& -¤0+)4'+%*

1TFGP FGU (ÒTUVGP &CPKNQU + =1ðäåí Êíüàçà Äàíèëà +] /QFGNN EC -TGW\ -NCUUG OKV FGT /GFCKNNQPKPUEJTKHV ÊÍßÇÚ ÖÐÍÎÃÎÐÑÊ+È (ÒTUV XQP /QPVGPGITQ CWH FGO #XGTU /G FCKNNQP WPF FGT /GFCKNNQP 7OUEJTKHV ÇÀ ÍÅÇÀÂÈÑÈÌÎÑÒÚ ÖÐÍÅÃÎÐÅ (ÒT FKG 7PCDJ·PIKIMGKV XQP /QPVGPGITQ CWH FGO 4GXGTU /GFCKNNQP 5KNDGT -TQPG WPF /GFCKNNQP #WHNCIGP )QNF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGO 6TCIGTKPI ÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJG 2WP\G HÒT GT )QNF XQP DKU # *WPFGMQRH WPF *GT UVGNNGTRWP\G 8/ FGT (KTOC 8KPE /C[GT U 5ÌJPG KP 9KGP WPF OKV GTI·P\VGO $CPFTKPI KP )QNF QJPG *CNUDCPF <- + ++ &GT 1TFGP KUV KO ,CJTG XQP (ÒTUV &CPKNQ + CNU 6UEJGTPQIQTKUEJGT 7PCDJ·PIKIMGKVU 1TFGP IGUVKHVGV YQTFGP WPF DGUVCPF PWT CWU GKPGO UKNDGTPGP PKEJV GOCKNNKGTVGP -TGW\ CP GKPGO &TGKGEMUDCPF KUV FGT 1TFGP XQP (ÒTUV 0KMQNCWU + FGO 0CEJHQNIGT &CPKNQU + XQNNMQOOGP WOIGUVCNVGV YQTFGP 5Q GTJKGNV GT PWPOGJT FGP 0COGP 1TFGP &CPKNQU + YWTFG CWH FTGK -NCUUGP GTYGKVGTV WPF CWEJ FKG )GUVCNVWPI FGT +PUKIPKGP YWTFG GKPGT YGUGPVNKEJGP PFG TWPI WPVGTYQTHGP YWTFG FKG DKUJGTKIG -NCUUG 4KVVGT \WO &CPKNQ -TGW\ WPF GKPG PGWG -NCUUG IGUEJCH HGP 0CEJ #WUDTWEJ FGU 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIGU YWTFG FKG )GUVCNVWPI FGT +PUKIPKGP GVYCU XGTGKPHCEJV

948 (1:1)

-¤0+).+%*' (#/+.+' 2'6418+%* 0,')15* 810 /106'0')41 5'+6 280

1TFGP FGT $GHTGKWPI /QPVGPGITQU 1TFGPUFGMQTCVKQP $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV QJPG &TGKGEMUDCPF <- ++


NIEDERLANDE

949 (1:1)

0+'&'4.#0&'

0#21.'10+5%*'5 -¤0+)4'+%* *1..#0&

-ÌPKINKEJGT 1TFGP FGT 7PKQP =1TFTG 4Q[CN FG N 7PKQP -QPKPINKLMG 1TFG XCP FG 7PKG? NVGTG 0CEJHGTVKIWPI GKPGT 4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I OKP CNVG *CCTTKUUG CO PGWGP PKEJV MQTTGMVGP $CPF +

950 (1:1)

8'4'+0+)6'5 -¤0+)4'+%* &'4 0+'&'4.#0&' $<9 -¤0+)4'+%* &'4 0+'&'4.#0&' 5'+6

<KXKN 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP XQO 0KGFGTN·PFKUEJGP .ÌYGP =1TFG XCP FG 0GFGTNCPFU .GGWY? -NGKPQF \WO )TQ­MTGW\ #WUHÒJTWPI .ÌYGP /GFCKNNQP GOCKNNKGTV 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV /GFCKNNQPU )QNF GOCKNNKGTV KO $CPFTKPI PKEJV KFGPVKHK\KGTDCT RWP\KGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP CNV PKGFGTN·PFKUEJ MQPHGMVKQPKGTVGP

OKV 4QUGVVG WPF 5EJNGKHG 5EJWNVGTDCPF GVYCU XGTUEJOWV\V $9- <- 44 ++ #D GKPGO DKUJGT WPDGMCPPVGP <GKVRWPMV YWTFG FCU \WXQT PQEJ PKEJV GOCKNNKGTVG .ÌYGP /GFCKNNQP DNCW GOCKNNKGTV &GT FTGKMNCUUKIG <KXKN 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP YWTFG CO 5GRVGODGT XQP -ÌPKI 9KNJGNO + IGUVKHVGV WPF YKTF DKU JGWVG XGTNKGJGP

281


NIEDERLANDE

951 (1:1)

/KNKV·T 9KNJGNO 1TFGP =/KNKVCKTG 9KNNGOU 1TFG? 4KVVGTMTGW\ -NCUUG KP NGKEJV TGFW\KGTVGT #WUHÒJ TWPI Z OO 5KNDGT <GPVTGP )QNF GOCKNNKGTV 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK CO MCPPGNKGTVGP $CPFTKPI CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP XGTP·JVGP $TWUVDCPF <- 444 + ++ .CWV XCP <GNO XCP 'NFKM KP /& 5 JCPFGNV GU UKEJ JKGTDGK CWHITWPF FGT (QTO FGT -TQPG WO GKPG #PHGTVKIWPI CWU FGO <GKVTCWO \YKUEJGP WPF +P FKGUGT PCJG\W WPDGTÒJTVGP 'TJCNVWPI DGK FKGUGP HTÒJGP 5VÒEMGP XQP CNNGTITÌ­VGT 5GNVGPJGKV FC FKG CNNGTOGKUVGP FGT KO *CPFGN XQTMQOOGPFGP 'ZGORNCTG VTCIGDGFKPIV ITÌ­GTG 5EJ·FGP CWHYGKUGP

952

953

954

955

1TCPKGP 0CUUCW 1TFGP =1TFG XCP 1TCPKG 0CUUCW? -NGKPQF \WO )TQ­MTGW\ &WTEJOGUUGT OO 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV QJPG 5EJWNVGTDCPF $9- <- ++ )GUVKHVGV CO #RTKN XQP FGT 4GIGPVKP WPF -ÌPKIKPYKVYG 'OOC KO 0COGP KJTGT 6QEJVGT -ÌPKIKP 9KNJGN OKPC CNU HÒPHMNCUUKIGT CNNIGOGKPGT 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGO GKPG FTGKUVWHKIG /GFCKNNG CHHKNKKGTV KUV (ÒT OKNKV·TKUEJG 8GTFKGPUVG YKTF FGT 1TFGP OKV IGMTGW\VGP 5EJYGTVGTP XGTNKGJGP

1TCPKGP 0CUUCW 1TFGP =1TFG XCP 1TCPKG 0CUUCW? -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKN NKGTV QJPG *CNUDCPF $9- <- ++

1TCPKGP 0CUUCW 1TFGP =1TFG XCP 1TCPKG 0CUUCW? 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQN FGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO GVYCU XGTUEJOWV\VGP $TWUVDCPF OKV CWHIGNGIVGT 4QUGVVG KO QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT -CPUGNCTGKL FGT 0GFGTNCPFU 1TFGP KP 5 )TCXGPJCIG $9- <- ++

1TCPKGP 0CUUCW 1TFGP =1TFG XCP 1TCPKG 0CUUCW? 4KVVGTMTGW\ ·NVGTG #PHGTVKIWPI 5KNDGT /GFCKNNQP )QNF GOCKNNKGTV OKV PKEJV MQTTGMVGO $TWUVDCPF $9- <- + ++ 5GJT SWCNKV·VUXQNNG #PHGTVKIWPI WO

282


NIEDERLANDE

957 959

956

960

&GP *CCI /GFCKNNG =/GFCKNNG XCP &GP *CCI? 5KNDGT OKV 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT 5KIPCVWT * & *'75 QJPG $CPF OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DGHGUVKIV $9- 4 + ++ &CU JGTXQTTCIGPF GTJCNVGPG 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGT /KVVG FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU WPF YWTFG NCWV #PICDG CWU FGO 0CEJNC­ GKPGU *GTTP 1EMGN GTYQTDGP .CWV #PICDGP FGU 'KPNKGHGTGTU YWTFG FKGUG /GFCKNNG WPVGT /CN XGTNKGJGP

958

$GNQJPWPIUOGFCKNNG XQP #OUVGTFCO =$GNQPKPIURGPPKPI XCP #OUVGTFCO? 2TQDGCWUICDG OKV FGT ITCXKGTVGP $G\GKEJPWPI /QFGN CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG 5KNDGT QJPG $CPF OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DGHGUVKIV $9- 44 ++ &CU JGTXQTTCIGPF GTJCNVGPG 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGT /KVVG FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU WPF YWTFG NCWV #PICDG CWH GKPGT #WMVKQP KP #PVYGTRGP GTYQTDGP .CWV #PICDGP FGU 'KPNKGHGTGTU YWTFG FKGUG /GFCKNNG PWT /CN XGTNKGJGP

/GFCKNNG HÒT FGP ,CXC -TKGI =/GFCKNNG XCP FGP QQTNQI QR ,CXC? $TQP\GOGFCKNNG QJPG .QT DGGTMTCP\ ªDGTJÌJWPI $TQP\G CO CNVGP QTKIKPCNGP GVYCU XGTH·TDVGP $TWUVDCPF OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DGHGUVKIV $9- ++ &CU 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP EC WPF

/GFCKNNG HÒT FGP ,CXC -TKGI =/GFCKNNG XCP FGP QQTNQI QR ,CXC? /KPKCVWT FGT $TQP\GOGFCKNNG QJPG .QTDGGTMTCP\ ªDGTJÌJWPI &WTEJOGUUGT OO $TQP\G ¤UG GPVHGTPV KO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DGHGUVKIV ++ &CU 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP EC WPF WPF YWTFG NCWV #PICDG CO 0QXGODGT KP #OUVGTFCO GTYQTDGP

/GVCNN -TGW\ =*GV /GVCNGP -TWKU ? 0QTOCNCWUICDG $TQP\G CO CNVGP YGK­ ITÒP IGUVTGKHVGP $CPF OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COO NWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DGHGUVKIV $9- + ++ &CU JGTXQTTCIGPF GTJCNVGPG 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGT /KVVG FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU

283


NIEDERLANDE

962

964 963

965

966

/GVCNN -TGW\ =*GV /GVCNGP -TWKU ? 0QTOCNCWUICDG $TQP\G QJPG $CPF OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DG HGUVKIV $9- ++ &CU 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP EC WPF WPF YWTFG NCWV #PICDG CO #WIWUV GTYQTDGP

/GVCNN -TGW\ =*GV /GVCNGP -TWKU ? #WUICDG HÃ’T (TGKYKNNKIG $TQP\G QJPG $CPF OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJ VGNEJGP DGHGUVKIV $9- ++ &CU JGTXQTTCIGPF GTJCNVGPG 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGT /KVVG FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU WPF YWTFG NCWV #PICDG CWU FGO 0CEJNC­ GKPGU *GTTP 1EMGN GTYQTDGP

/GFCKNNG FGT <KVCFGNNG XQP #PVYGTRGP =/GFCKNNG XCP FG %KVCFGN XCP #PVYGTRGP? $TQP\G CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP $TWUVDCPF OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DGHGUVKIV $9- ++ &CU JGTXQTTCIGPF GTJCNVGPG 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGT /KVVG FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU WPF YWTFG NCWV #PICDG CO 0QXGODGT GTYQTDGP

/GFCKNNG HÃ’T 6TGWGP &KGPUV KP FGT #TOGG =/GFCKNNG XQQT 6TQWYG &KGPUV? )TQ­G $TQP\GOG FCKNNG HÃ’T &KGPUVLCJTG &WTEJOGUUGT OO ņ $TQP\G QJPG $CPF OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DGHGUVKIV $9- ++ &CU JGTXQTTCIGPF GTJCNVGPG 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGT /KVVG FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU WPF YWTFG NCWV #PICDG KO ,WPK KP /CKP\ GTYQTDGP

/GFCKNNG HÃ’T 6TGWGP &KGPUV KP FGT /CTKPG =/GFCKNNG XQQT 6TQWYG &KGPUV? #WUICDG HÃ’T FKG /CTKPG )TQ­G 5KNDGTOGFCKNNG HÃ’T 1HHK\KGTG &WTEJOGUUGT OO 5KNDGT QJPG $CPF OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DGHGUVKIV $9- ++ &CU JGTXQTTCIGPF GTJCNVGPG 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGT /KVVG FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU WPF YWTFG NCWV #PICDG CO ,WPK KP (TCPMHWTV CO /CKP GTYQTDGP

/GFCKNNG HÃ’T 6TGWGP &KGPUV KP FGT /CTKPG =/GFCKNNG XQQT 6TQWYG &KGPUV? #WUICDG HÃ’T FKG /CTKPG )TQ­G $TQP\GOGFCKNNG HÃ’T 1HHK\KGTG &WTEJOGUUGT OO $TQP\G QJPG $CPF OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DGHGUVKIV $9- ++ &CU JGTXQTTCIGPF GTJCNVGPG 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGT /KVVG FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU WPF YWTFG NCWV #PICDG KO ,WPK KP (TCPMHWTV CO /CKP GTYQTDGP

284


NORWEGEN

967 (1:1)

0149')'0 -¤0+)4'+%* 2'4510#.70+10 /+6 5%*9'&'0 $+5

-ÌPKINKEJ 0QTYGIKUEJGT 5CPMV 1NCXU 1TFGP =-QPIGNKIG 0QTUM 5V 1NCXUQTFGP? /QFGNN KP FGP -TGW\YKPMGNP /QPQITCOOG -ÌPKI 1UMCTU + ņ 4KVVGT\GKEJGP =TKFFGTVGIP? CD 4KVVGT \GKEJGP -NCUUG =TKFFGTVGIP -NCUUG? #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC % ( %CTNOCP KP 5VQEMJQNO )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I CO CNVGP $CPFUVÒEM $9- <- + ++ *CNNDGTI KP *01 5 YGKUV FKGUG #PHGTVKIWPI FGT UEJYGFKUEJGP (KTOC % ( %CTNOCP KP 5VQEMJQNO \W DTGKVG -TQPG WPF UEJTGKVGPFGT .ÌYG WPF FCVKGTV UKG CWH 'DGPHCNNU NCWV *CNNDGTI KP *01 5 H YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV 4KVVGT\GKEJGP D\Y 4KVVGT\GKEJGP -NCUUG QJPG WPF OKV 5EJYGTVGTP XGTNKGJGP YQDGK PCVÒTNKEJ FKG #P\CJN FGT VCVU·EJNKEJ JGTIGUVGNNVGP 'ZGORNCTG CWHITWPF FGT UVTGPIGP 4ÒEMICDGRHNKEJV WPF FGT 9KGFGTXGTNGKJWPIGP \WTÒEMIGIGDGPGT 'ZGORNCTG FGWVNKEJ IGTKPIGT KUV &GT \WP·EJUV FTGKMNCUUKIG 1TFGP YWTFG CO #WIWUV XQP -ÌPKI 1UECT + XQP 5EJYGFGP WPF 0QTYGIGP

-ÌPKI UGKV HÒT FCU OKV 5EJYGFGP KP 2GTUQPCNWPKQP XGTDWPFGPG -ÌPKITGKEJ 0QTYGIGP IGUVKHVGV $KU EC YCTGP FKG XGTNKGJGPGP $TWUVUVGTPG YKG KP 5EJYGFGP IGUVKEMV YWTFG GT CWH XKGT -QOOCPFGWT WPF -NCUUG CWH HÒPH -NCUUGP 4KVVGT WPF -NCUUG GTYGKVGTV PCEJFGO -ÌPKI 1UMCT ++ XQP 5EJYGFGP WPF 0QTYGIGP PQTYGIKUEJGT -ÌPKI XQP DKU DGTGKVU FKG -QNNCPG GKPIGHÒJTV JCVVG 8IN *01 5 HH

968

969

-ÌPKINKEJ 0QTYGIKUEJGT 5CPMV 1NCXU 1TFGP =-QPIGNKIG 0QTUM 5V 1NCXUQTFGP? /QFGNN KP FGP -TGW\YKPMGNP /QPQITCOOG -ÌPKI 1UMCTU + ņ 4KVVGT\GKEJGP =TKFFGTVGIP? CD 4KVVGT \GKEJGP -NCUUG =TKFFGTVGIP -NCUUG? #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC 6QUVTWR KP -TKUVKCPKC )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I CO F·PKUEJGP -TGW\DCPF $9- <- + ++ *CNNDGTI KP *01 5 YGKUV FKGUG #PHGTVKIWPI FGT PQTYGIKUEJGP (KTOC 6QUVTWR KP -TKUVKCPKC UEJOCNG WPF JQJG -TQPG WPF ITQ­G /QPQITCOOG \W WPF FCVKGTV UKG CWH -ÌPKINKEJ 0QTYGIKUEJGT 5CPMV 1NCXU 1TFGP =-QPIGNKIG 0QTUM 5V 1NCXUQTFGP? /QFGNN KP FGP -TGW\YKPMGNP /QPQITCOOG -ÌPKI 1UMCTU + ņ 4KVVGT\GKEJGP =TKFFGTVGIP? OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CD 4KVVGT\GKEJGP -NCUUG =TKFFGTVGIP -NCUUG? OKV 5EJYGTVGTP #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC 6QUVTWR KP -TKUVKCPKC )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I OKV $CPF CO CNVGP UEJYGFKUEJGP $QIGPDCPF $9- <- ++ *CNNDGTI KP *01 5 YGKUV FKGUG #PHGTVKIWPI FGT PQTYGIKUEJGP (KTOC 6QUVTWR KP -TKUVKCPKC UEJOCNG WPF JQJG -TQPG WPF ITQ­G /QPQITCOOG \W WPF FCVKGTV UKG CWH .GKFGT WPVGTUEJGKFGV *CNNDGTI KP UGKPGP UGJT FGVCKNNKGT VGP #WHUVGNNWPIGP PKEJV \YKUEJGP \KXKNGP WPF OKNKV·TKUEJGP 8GTNGKJWPIGP 'T \GKIV PWT KP *01 5 CO $GKURKGN FGT 8GTNGKJWPIGP FGU 4KVVGT\GKEJGPU -NCUUG HÒT FKG ,CJTG \YKUEJGP WPF FCU 8GTJ·NVPKU \WGKPCPFGT CWH 5Q YWTFGP KP FKGUGO <GKVTCWO \KXKNG WPF OKNKV·TKUEJG 4KVVGT\GKEJGP XGTNKGJGP YCU GKPGO #PVGKN XQP EC \KXKNGP WPF OKNKV·TKUEJGP 8GTNGKJWPIGP CP FGT )GUCOV 8GTNGKJWPIU\CJN XQP GPVURTKEJV

285


NORWEGEN

970

/GFCKNNG HÒT FKG GFNG 6CV =/GFCNLGP HQT FGN &CF? /QFGNN OKV 2QTVTCKV -ÌPKI 1UECTU ++ ņ /GFCKNNG -NCUUG OKV -TQPG &WTEJOGUUGT OO 5KNDGT OKV 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT 5KIPCVWT + 6*410&5'0 FTGK 4CPFFGNNGP CO PGWGP $CPF $9- *01 5 4 ++ &KG FTGKMNCUUKIG /GFCKNNG DKU -NCUUG YWTFG OKV MÌPKINKEJGT 4GUQNWVKQP -ÌPKI 1UECTU ++ PQTYG IKUEJGT -ÌPKI XQP DKU XQO #WIWUV IGUVKHVGV \WT $GNQJPWPI CW­GTQTFGPVNKEJGT #PUVTGPIWPIGP \WT 4GVVWPI XQP /GPUEJGPNGDGP QFGT ·JPNKEJ IGNCIGTVGT 6CVGP .CWV *CNNDGTI KP *01 5 YWTFG FKG /GFCKNNG -NCUUG FKGUGU /QFGNNU \YKUEJGP WPF PWT /CN XGTNKGJGP FCXQP /CN CP #WUN·PFGT /KV MÌPKI NKEJGT 4GUQNWVKQP -ÌPKI *CCMQP 8++ -ÌPKI UGKV XQO &G\GODGT YWTFG FKG /GFCKNNG \YCT DGUV·VKIV LGFQEJ CWH FGO #XGTU FCU 2QTVTCKV -ÌPKI *CCMQPU GKPIGHÒIV WPF FKG -NCUUGP CWH \YGK TGFW\KGTV

8IN *01 5 HH

971 (1:1)

5'.$5656 0&+)'5 -¤0+)4'+%* 5'+6

-ÌPKINKEJ 0QTYGIKUEJGT 5CPMV 1NCXU 1TFGP =-QPIGNKIG 0QTUM 5V 1NCXUQTFGP? /QFGNN KP FGP -TGW\YKPMGNP /QPQITCOOG -ÌPKI 1NCXU + WPF .ÌYG ÒDGT FGO -TGW\EJGP FGT -TQPG ņ $TWUVUVGTP \WO -QOOCPFGWT -NCUUG =MQOOCPFÎT -NCUUG? #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC 6QUVTWR KP 1UNQ \YKUEJGP WPF 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV WPF TGRGTEKGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV /GFCKNNQP )QNF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI XQP 6QUVTWR KP -TKUVKCPKC CP 0CFGN KO QTKIKPCNGP GVYCU DGTKGDGPGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK XQP 6QUVTWR KP 1UNQ KP FGT #WUHÒJTWPI \YKUEJGP WPF $9- <- + ++ 'U JCPFGNV UKEJ JKGTDGK WO GKPGP $TWUVUVGTP KO 'VWK YQJN HÒT GKPG 2TQOQVKQP F J GKPG *KP\WXGTNGKJWPI \WO DG TGKVU KPPGJCDGPFGP -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\ #WHITWPF FGT 1TVUDG\GKEJPWPI -TKUVKCPKC N·­V UKEJ FKG #PHGTVKIWPIU\GKV FKGUGU $TWUVUVGTPU CWH FGP <GKVTCWO \YK UEJGP WPF GKPITGP\GP FC FKG JGWVKIG PQTYGIKUEJG *CWRVUVCFV 1UNQ DKU FGP 0COGP %JTKUVKCPKC VTWI D\Y UGKV CWEJ -TKUVKCPKC (ÒT FGP <GKVTCWO XQP DKU PGPPV *CNNDGTI KP *01 5 GKPG )GUCOV\CJN XQP PWT 8GTNGKJWPIGP FGU -QOOCPFGWTU\GKEJGPU -NCUUG YQDGK JKGT FKG #P\CJN FGT VCVU·EJNKEJ KP )QNF JGTIGUVGNNVGP 5VÒEMG CWHITWPF FGT UVTGPIGP 4ÒEMICDGRHNKEJV WPF FGT 9KGFGTXGTNGKJWPIGP \WTÒEMIGIGDGPGT 'ZGORNCTG FGWVNKEJ IGTKPIGT KUV 0CEJ FGT #WHNÌUWPI FGT 2GTUQPCNWPKQP OKV 5EJYGFGP FWTEJ FGP 8GTVTCI XQP -CTNUVCF XQO 5GRVGODGT DGUV·VKIVG FGT PGW IGY·JNVG -ÌPKI *CCMQP 8++ -ÌPKI UGKV CO ,WPK FGP 1TFGP KP GVYCU XGT·PFGTVGT )GUVCNVWPI YQDGK FCU DKUJGTKIG -NCUUGPU[UVGO GTJCNVGP DNKGD XGTUEJYCPF UEJNKG­NKEJ FGT MNGKPG .ÌYG ÒDGT FGO -TGW\ FGT -TQPG YQOKV FGT 1TFGP UGKPG JGWVKIG )GUVCNV GTJKGNV #NNG -NCUUGP FGU 1TFGPU MÌPPGP CWEJ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP XGTNKGJGP YGTFGP FKG LGFQEJ PWT CWH FGP 1TFGPUMTGW\GP PKEJV CWH FGP $TWUVUVGTPGP CPIGDTCEJV YGTFGP #NU DGUQPFGTU JQJG #WU\GKEJPWPI MCPP FGT 1TFGP KP $TKNNCPVGP XGTNKGJGP YGTFGP #NNG +PUKIPKGP FGU 1T FGPU CW­GT FGPLGPKIGP OKV $TKNNCPVGP UKPF UVTGPI TÒEMICDGRHNKEJVKI

286


NORWEGEN

972 (1:1)

-ÌPKINKEJ 0QTYGIKUEJGT 5CPMV 1NCXU 1TFGP =-QPIGNKIG 0QTUM 5V 1NCXUQTFGP? /QFGNN KP FGP -TGW\YKPMGNP /QPQITCOOG -ÌPKI 1NCXU + WPF .ÌYG ÒDGT FGO -TGW\EJGP FGT -TQPG ņ -QOOCPFGWTU\GKEJGP =MQOOCPFÎTVGIP? #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC 6QUVTWR KP 1UNQ \YKUEJGP WPF )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I CWH FGO $CPFTKPI *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI XQP , 6QUVTWR KP -TKUVKCPKC OKV NCPIGO WPMQPHGMVKQPKGTVGO LGFQEJ IGVTCIGPGO *CNUDCPF #DUEJPKVV KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK XQP 6QUVTWR KP 1UNQ KP FGT #WUHÒJTWPI \YKUEJGP WPF $9- <- + ++ (ÒT FGP <GKVTCWO XQP DKU PGPPV *CNNDGTI KP *01 5 H GKPG PKEJV UGJT CWUUCIGMT·HVKIG )GUCOV\CJN XQP 8GTNGKJWPIGP FGU -QOOCPFGWTU\GKEJGPU YQDGK PCVÒTNKEJ CWEJ JKGT FKG #P\CJN FGT VCVU·EJNKEJ JGTIGUVGNNVGP 5VÒEMG CWHITWPF FGT UVTGPIGP 4ÒEMICDGRHNKEJV WPF FGT 9KGFGTXGTNGKJWPIGP \WTÒEMIGIGDGPGT 'ZGORNCTG FGWVNKEJ IGTKPIGT KUV <WFGO FÒTHVG GKPG GTJGDNKEJG #P\CJN XQP 5VÒEMGP PCEJ FWTEJ 'PVHGTPWPI FGU .ÌYGP ÒDGT FGT -TQPG KP -QOOCPFGWTU\GKEJGP FGU /QFGNNU WOIGCTDGKVGV YQTFGP UGKP

973

974 (1:1)

-ÌPKINKEJ 0QTYGIKUEJGT 5CPMV 1NCXU 1TFGP =-QPIGNKIG 0QTUM 5V 1NCXUQTFGP? /QFGNN KP FGP -TGW\YKPMGNP /QPQITCOOG -ÌPKI 1NCXU + WPF .ÌYG ÒDGT FGO -TGW\EJGP FGT -TQPG ņ 4KVVGT\GKEJGP -NCUUG =TKFFGTVGIP -NCUUG? )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I OKV $CPF OKVVKIGT -TQPGPDÒIGN GVYCU GKPIGFTÒEMV CO CNVGP UEJYGFKUEJGP $QIGPDCPF $9- <- ++ (ÒT FGP <GKVTCWO XQP DKU PGPPV *CNNDGTI KP *01 5 H GKPG PKEJV UGJT CWUUCIGMT·HVKIG )GUCOV\CJN XQP 8GTNGKJWPIGP FGU 4KVVGT\GKEJGPU -NCUUG YQDGK CWEJ JKGT FKG #P\CJN FGT VCVU·EJNKEJ JGTIGUVGNNVGP 5VÒEMG CWHITWPF FGT UVTGPIGP 4ÒEMICDGRHNKEJV WPF FGT 9KGFGTXGTNGKJWPIGP \WTÒEMIGIGDGPGT 'ZGORNCTG FGWVNKEJ IGTKPIGT KUV <WFGO FÒTHVG GKPG GTJGDNKEJ #P\CJN XQP 5VÒEMGP PCEJ FWTEJ 'PVHGTPWPI FGU .ÌYGP ÒDGT FGT -TQPG KP 4KVVGT\GKEJGP -NCUUG FGU /QFGNNU WOIGCTDGKVGV YQTFGP UGKP

-ÌPKINKEJ 0QTYGIKUEJGT 5CPMV 1NCXU 1TFGP =-QPIGNKIG 0QTUM 5V 1NCXUQTFGP? /QFGNN ņ OKV GKPGO .ÌYGP ÒDGT FGT -TQPG /KPKCVWT FGU 4KVVGTMTGW\GU -NCUUG 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO $·PFEJGP FC\W /KPKCVWT FGU (TGKJGKVUMTGW\GU 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO $·PF EJGP ++

287


NORWEGEN

975

Königlich Norwegischer Sankt Olavs-Orden [Kongelige Norsk St. Olavsorden]. /QFGNN KP FGP -TGW\YKPMGNP /QPQITCOOG -ÌPKI 1NCXU + WPF .ÌYG ÒDGT FGO -TGW\EJGP FGT -TQPG ņ 4KVVGT\GKEJGP -NCUUG =TKFFGTVGIP -NCUUG? OKV 5EJYGTVGTP 5KNDGT GOCKNNKGTV KO 4GXGTU /GFCKNNQP 'OCKNNG %JKR CO F·PKUEJGP -TGW\DCPF $9- <- RR ++ ++ +++ (ÒT FGP <GKVTCWO XQP DKU PGPPV *CNNDGTI KP *01 5 H GKPG )GUCOV\CJN XQP PWT 8GTNGKJWPIGP FGU 4KVVGT\GKEJGPU -NCUUG YQFWTEJ CWEJ GTUKEJVNKEJ YKTF FC­ FKG #P\CJN FGT 8GTNGKJWPIGP FGU 4KVVGT\GKEJGPU -NCUUG PWT GVYC FGT 8GTNGKJWPIGP FGU JÌJGTGP 4KVVGT\GKEJGPU -NCUUG KO INGKEJGP <GKVTCWO DGVT·IV FCU 4KVVGT\GKEJGP -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP FKGUGU /QFGNNU CNUQ FGWVNKEJ UGNVGPGT KUV CNU FCU 4KVVGT\GKEJGP -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP <KGJV OCP JKGTDGK FCU 8GTJ·NVPKU \KXKNGP WPF OKNKV·TKUEJGP 8GTNGKJWPIGP FGU 4KVVGT\GKEJGPU -NCUUG \YKUEJGP WPF KP $GVTCEJV UKGJG #POGTMWPIGP \W -CV 0T UQ MCPP JKGT FKG 8GTNGKJWPIU\CJN XQP 4KVVGT\GKEJGP -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CWH EC DKU IGUEJ·V\V YGTFGP YQDGK CWEJ JKGT FKG #P\CJN FGT VCV U·EJNKEJ JGTIGUVGNNVGP 5VÒEMG CWHITWPF FGT UVTGPIGP 4ÒEMICDGRHNKEJV WPF FGT 9KGFGTXGTNGKJWPIGP \WTÒEMIGIGDGPGT 'ZGORNCTG FGWVNKEJ IGTKPIGT KUV <WFGO FÒTHVG CWEJ JKGT GKPG GTJGDNKEJ #P\CJN XQP 5VÒEMGP PCEJ FWTEJ 'PV HGTPWPI FGU .ÌYGP ÒDGT FGT -TQPG KP 4KVVGT\GKEJGP -NCUUG FGU /QFGNNU WOIGCTDGKVGV YQTFGP UGKP

ex 976 (1:1)

Königlich Norwegischer Sankt Olavs-Orden [Kongelige Norsk St. Olavsorden]. /QFGNN KP FGP -TGW\YKPMGNP /QPQITCOOG -ÌPKI 1NCXU + QJPG .ÌYG ÒDGT FGO -TGW\EJGP FGT -TQPG ņ UGKV )TQ­MTGW\ 5GV =5VQTMQTU? #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC 6QUVTWR KP 1UNQ \YKUEJGP WPF QFGT \YK UEJGP WPF DGUVGJGPF CWU -NGKPQF )QNF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGO $CPFTKPI W C *GTUVGNNGTDG \GKEJPWPI XQP 6QUVTWR WPF GT )QNFRWP\G CO QTKIKPCNGP 5EJWNVGTDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT DTKN NCPVKGTV WPF TGRGTEKGTV )QNF GOCKNNKGTV /GFCKNNQP NGKEJV UEJT·I CWHNKGIGPF CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGN NGTDG\GKEJPWPI XQP 6QUVTWR CP 0CFGN KO QTKIKPCNGP GVYCU DGTKGDGPGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK XQP 6QUVTWR KP FGT #WUHÒJTWPI \YKUEJGP WPF $9- <- + ++ $KU FKG (KTOC 6QUVTWR KP -QPMWTU IKPI NKGHGTVG UKG UGKV CWUUEJNKG­NKEJ CNNG +PUKIPKGP FGT PQTYGIKUEJGP 1TFGP CDIGUGJGP XQP FGP -TKGIULCJTGP XQP DKU KP FGPGP 5RKPM 5QP KP .QPFQP CP FKG FQTV CPU·UUKIG PQTYGIKUEJG 'ZKNTGIKGTWPI NKGHGTVG 5QOKV PGPPV *CNNDGTI KP *01 5 HH HÒT FGP <GKVTCWO XQP DKU WPF XQP DKU KP FKGUGO ,CJT GTHQNIVG FKG 7OUVGNNWPI CWH 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV KPUIGUCOV PWT )TQ­MTGW\ 8GTNGKJWPIGP OKV KP )QNF IGHGTVKIVGP +PUKIPKGP YQDGK CWEJ JKGT FKG #P\CJN FGT VCVU·EJNKEJ JGTIGUVGNNVGP 5VÒEMG CWHITWPF FGT UVTGPIGP 4ÒEMICDGRHNKEJV WPF FGT 9KGFGTXGTNGKJWPIGP \WTÒEMIGIGDGPGT 'ZGORNCTG FGWVNKEJ IGTKPIGT KUV

288


NORWEGEN

977 (1:1)

-ÌPKINKEJ 0QTYGIKUEJGT 5CPMV 1NCXU 1TFGP =-QPIGNKIG 0QTUM 5V 1NCXUQTFGP? /QFGNN KP FGP -TGW\YKPMGNP /QPQITCOOG -ÌPKI 1NCXU + QJPG .ÌYG ÒDGT FGO -TGW\EJGP FGT -TQPG ņ UGKV -QOOCPFGWTU 5GV -NCUUG =MQOOCPFÎT -NCUUG? #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC 6QUVTWR KP 1UNQ \YKUEJGP WPF DGUVGJGPF CWU -QOOCPFGWTU\GKEJGP )QNF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV WPF TGRGTEKGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV VNY GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGN NGTDG\GKEJPWPI XQP 6QUVTWR CP 0CFGN \WUCOOGP OKV -PQRHNQEJ 4QUGVVG KO QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK XQP 6QUVTWR KP FGT #WUHÒJTWPI \YKUEJGP WPF $9- <- + ++ *CNNDGTI PGPPV KP *01 5 HH HÒT FGP <GKVTCWO XQP DKU KPUIGUCOV PWT 8GTNGKJWPIGP FGU -QO OCPFGWTU\GKEJGPU -NCUUG YQDGK CWEJ JKGT FKG #P\CJN FGT VCVU·EJNKEJ KP XGTIQNFGVGO 5KNDGT JGTIGUVGNNVGP 5VÒEMG CWHITWPF FGT UVTGPIGP 4ÒEMICDGRHNKEJV WPF FGT 9KGFGTXGTNGKJWPIGP \WTÒEMIGIGDGPGT 'ZGORNCTG KP XGTIQNFGVGO 5KNDGT YKG CWEJ ·NVGTGT 'ZGORNCTG KP )QNF FGWVNKEJ IGTKPIGT KUV 5QOKV FÒTHVGP CWEJ JKGT FKG +PUKIPKGP KP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV FGWVNKEJ UGNVGPGT UGKP CNU FKG KP )QNF

978 (1:1,5)

-ÌPKINKEJ 0QTYGIKUEJGT 5CPMV 1NCXU 1TFGP =-QPIGNKIG 0QTUM 5V 1NCXUQTFGP? /QFGNN KP FGP -TGW\YKPMGNP /QPQITCOOG -ÌPKI 1NCXU + QJPG .ÌYG ÒDGT FGO -TGW\EJGP FGT -TQPG ņ UGKV -QOOCPFGWTU\GKEJGP -NCUUG =MQOOCPFÎTVGIP -NCUUG? #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC 6QUVTWR KP 1UNQ \YKUEJGP WPF QFGT \YKUEJGP WPF )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I CWH FGO $CPFTKPI W C *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC , 6QUVTWR KP 1UNQ WPF GT )QNFRWP\G CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF \WUCOOGP OKV *KPYGKU ÒDGT FKG 4ÒEMICDGRHNKEJV WPF 8KUKVGPMCTVG FGU -CP\NGKEJGHU FGU -ÌPKINKEJGP *QHGU KO QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK XQP 6QUVTWR KP FGT #WUHÒJTWPI \YKUEJGP WPF $9- <- + ++ *CNNDGTI KP *01 5 HH PGPPV HÒT FGP <GKVTCWO XQP DKU WPF XQP DKU KP FKGUGO ,CJT GTHQNIVG FKG 7OUVGNNWPI CWH 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV KPUIGUCOV 8GTNGKJWPIGP FGU -QOOCPFGWTU\GKEJGPU -NCUUG OKV KP )QNF IGHGTVKIVGP +PUKIPKGP YQDGK CWEJ JKGT FKG #P\CJN FGT VCVU·EJNKEJ KP )QNF JGTIGUVGNNVGP 5VÒEMG CWHITWPF FGT UVTGPIGP 4ÒEMICDGRHNKEJV WPF FGT 9KGFGTXGTNGKJWPIGP \WTÒEMIGIGDGPGT 'ZGORNCTG FGWVNKEJ IGTKPIGT KUV

289


NORWEGEN

980

981 (1:1) 979 (1:1)

-ÌPKINKEJ 0QTYGIKUEJGT 5CPMV 1NCXU 1TFGP =-QPIGNKIG 0QTUM 5V 1NCXUQTFGP? /QFGNN KP FGP -TGW\YKPMGNP /QPQITCOOG -ÌPKI 1NCXU + QJPG .ÌYG ÒDGT FGO -TGW\EJGP FGT -TQPG ņ UGKV -QOOCPFGWTU\GKEJGP -NCUUG =MQOOCPFÎTVGIP -NCUUG? OKV 5EJYGTVGTP #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC 6QUVTWR KP 1UNQ \YKUEJGP WPF QFGT \YKUEJGP WPF )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I CWH FGO $CPFTKPI W C *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC , 6QUVTWR KP 1UNQ WPF GT )QNFRWP\G CO QTKIK PCNGP MQPHGMVKQPKGTVGP *CNUDCPF OKV UEJYGFKUEJGP /GVCNNUEJNKG­GP KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK XQP 6QUVTWR KP FGT #WUHÒJTWPI \YKUEJGP WPF $9- <- + ++ *CNNDGTI KP *01 5 HH PGPPV HÒT FGP <GKVTCWO XQP DKU WPF XQP DKU KP FKGUGO ,CJT GTHQNIVG FKG 7OUVGNNWPI CWH 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV KPUIGUCOV 8GTNGKJWPIGP FGU -QOOCPFGWTU\GKEJGPU -NCUUG QJPG WPF OKV 5EJYGTVGTP OKV KP )QNF IGHGTVKIVGP +PUKIPKGP \WUCOOGP &CTÒDGT YGNEJGP #PVGKN FCDGK FKG &GMQTCVKQPGP OKV 5EJYGTVGTP JCDGP N·­V UKEJ NGKFGT MGKPG RT·\KUG (GUVUVGNNWPI VTGHHGP LGFQEJ FÒTHVG JKGT GTHCJTWPIUIGO·­ FGTGP #PVGKN DGK EC FGT )GUCOV\CJN CNUQ DGK EC 8GTNGKJWPIGP NKGIGP YQDGK CWEJ JKGT FKG #P\CJN FGT VCVU·EJ NKEJ KP )QNF JGTIGUVGNNVGP 5VÒEMG CWHITWPF FGT UVTGPIGP 4ÒEMICDGRHNKEJV WPF FGT 9KGFGTXGTNGKJWPIGP \WTÒEMIGIGDG PGT 'ZGORNCTG FGWVNKEJ IGTKPIGT KUV

-ÌPKINKEJ 0QTYGIKUEJGT 5CPMV 1NCXU 1TFGP =-QPIGNKIG 0QTUM 5V 1NCXUQTFGP? /QFGNN KP FGP -TGW\YKPMGNP /QPQITCOOG -ÌPKI 1NCXU + QJPG .ÌYG ÒDGT FGO -TGW\EJGP FGT -TQPG ņ UGKV 4KVVGT\GKEJGP -NCUUG =TKFFGTVGIP -NCUUG? #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC 6QUVTWR KP 1UNQ \YKUEJGP WPF QFGT \YKUEJGP WPF )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I OKV $CPF CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC 6QUVTWR KP 1UNQ KP FGT #WUHÒJTWPI \YKUEJGP WPF $9- <- + ++ *CNNDGTI KP *01 5 HH PGPPV HÒT FGP <GKVTCWO XQP DKU WPF XQP DKU KP FKGUGO ,CJT GTHQNIVG FKG 7OUVGNNWPI CWH 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV KPUIGUCOV 8GTNGKJWPIGP FGU 4KVVGT\GKEJGPU -NCUUG OKV KP )QNF IGHGTVKIVGP +PUKIPKGP YQDGK CWEJ JKGT FKG #P\CJN FGT VCVU·EJNKEJ KP )QNF JGTIGUVGNNVGP 5VÒEMG CWHITWPF FGT UVTGPIGP 4ÒEMICDGRHNKEJV WPF FGT 9KGFGTXGTNGKJWPIGP \WTÒEMIGIGDGPGT 'ZGORNCTG FGWVNKEJ IGTKPIGT KUV

-ÌPKINKEJ 0QTYGIKUEJGT 5CPMV 1NCXU 1TFGP =-QPIGNKIG 0QTUM 5V 1NCXUQTFGP? /QFGNN KP FGP -TGW\YKPMGNP /QPQITCOOG -ÌPKI 1NCXU + QJPG .ÌYG ÒDGT FGO -TGW\EJGP FGT -TQPG ņ UGKV 4KVVGT\GKEJGP -NCUUG =TKFFGTVGIP -NCUUG? #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC 6QUVTWR KP 1UNQ \YKUEJGP WPF 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF $9- <- 4 ++ #D YWTFGP FKG 1TFGPUKPUKIPKGP PKEJV OGJT KP )QNF UQPFGTP KP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV CPIGHGTVKIV &KGUG 5VÒEMG UKPF LGFQEJ FGWVNKEJ UGNVGPGT \W HKPFGP CNU UQNEJG KP )QNF *CNNDGTI KP *01 5 HH PGPPV HÒT FGP <GKVTCWO XQP DKU KO (QNIGLCJT GPFGVGP FKG .KGHGTWPIGP 6QNUVTWRU KPUIGUCOV 8GTNGKJWPIGP FGU 4KVVGT\GKEJGPU -NCUUG YQDGK CWEJ JKGT FKG #P\CJN FGT VCVU·EJNKEJ KP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV JGTIGUVGNNVGP 5VÒEMG CWHITWPF FGT UVTGPIGP 4ÒEMICDGRHNKEJV WPF FGT 9KGFGTXGTNGKJWPIGP \WTÒEMIG IGDGPGT 'ZGORNCTG KP )QNF FGWVNKEJ IGTKPIGT KUV

290


NORWEGEN

982

983

-ÌPKINKEJ 0QTYGIKUEJGT 5CPMV 1NCXU 1TFGP =-QPIGNKIG 0QTUM 5V 1NCXUQTFGP? /QFGNN KP FGP -TGW\YKPMGNP /QPQITCOOG -ÌPKI 1NCXU + QJPG .ÌYG ÒDGT FGO -TGW\EJGP FGT -TQPG ņ UGKV 4KVVGT\GKEJGP -NCUUG =TKFFGTVGIP -NCUUG? OKV 5EJYGTVGTP #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC 6QUVTWR KP 1UNQ \YKUEJGP WPF QFGT \YKUEJGP WPF )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I OKV $CPF FKG 5EJYGTVGT KP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV PCEJ CPIGHÒIV CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF $9- <- + ++ &KGUGU 5VÒEM DGNGIV FGWVNKEJ FKG 6CVUCEJG FC­ XQT IGHGTVKIVG XGTNKGJGPG IQNFGPG +PUKIPKGP PCEJ KJTGT 4ÒEM MGJT CWEJ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP KP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WOIGCTDGKVGV YWTFGP <W YGNEJGO <GKVRWPMV FKGUG 7OCTDGKVWPI UVCVVHCPF WPF YKG JQEJ FKG #P\CJN FGT WOIGCTDGKVGVGP 5VÒEMG YCT FCTÒDGT N·­V UKEJ MGKPG (GUVGNNWPI VTGHHGP #WH ITWPF FGT 5GNVGPJGKV FGU 8QTMQOOGPU UQNEJGT 'ZGORNCTG FÒTHVG GU UKEJ FCDGK LGFQEJ PKEJV WO XKGNG IGJCPFGNV JCDGP *CNNDGTI KP *01 5 H PGPPV HÒT FGP <GKVTCWO XQP DKU KPUIGUCOV 8GTNGKJWPIGP FGU 4KVVGT\GK EJGPU -NCUUG QJPG WPF OKV 5EJYGTVGTP \WUCOOGP &CTÒDGT YGNEJGP #PVGKN FCDGK FKG &GMQTCVKQPGP OKV 5EJYGT VGTP JCDGP N·­V UKEJ NGKFGT MGKPG RT·\KUG (GUVUVGNNWPI VTGHHGP LGFQEJ FÒTHVG JKGT GTHCJTWPIUIGO·­ FGTGP #PVGKN DGK EC FGT )GUCOV\CJN CNUQ DGK EC 8GTNGKJWPIGP NKGIGP YQDGK CWEJ JKGT FKG #P\CJN FGT VCVU·EJNKEJ KP )QNF JGTIGUVGNNVGP 5VÒEMG CWHITWPF FGT UVTGPIGP 4ÒEMICDGRHNKEJV WPF FGT 9KGFGTXGTNGKJWPIGP \WTÒEMIGIGDGPGT 'ZGOR NCTG FGWVNKEJ IGTKPIGT KUV

-ÌPKINKEJ 0QTYGIKUEJGT 5CPMV 1NCXU 1TFGP =-QPIGNKIG 0QTUM 5V 1NCXUQTFGP? /QFGNN KP FGP -TGW\YKPMGNP /QPQITCOOG -ÌPKI 1NCXU + QJPG .ÌYG ÒDGT FGO -TGW\EJGP FGT -TQPG ņ UGKV 4KVVGT\GKEJGP -NCUUG =TKFFGTVGIP -NCUUG? #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC 6QUVTWR KP 1UNQ \YKUEJGP WPF QFGT \YKUEJGP WPF 5KNDGT GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GT NGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC 6QUVTWR KP 1UNQ KP FGT #WUHÒJTWPI \YKUEJGP WPF $9- <- 4 + ++ (ÒT FGP <GKVTCWO XQP DKU WPF XQP DKU PGPPV *CNNDGTI KP *01 5 H GKPG )GUCOV\CJN XQP PWT 8GTNGKJWPIGP FGU 4KVVGT\GKEJGPU -NCUUG YQFWTEJ CWEJ GTUKEJVNKEJ YKTF FC­ FKG #P\CJN FGT 8GTNGKJWPIGP FGU 4KVVGT\GKEJGPU -NCUUG GDGPHCNNU PWT GVYC FGT 8GTNGKJWPIGP FGU JÌJGTGP 4KVVGT\GKEJGPU -NCUUG KO INGKEJGP <GKVTCWO DGVT·IV FCU 4KVVGT\GKEJGP -NCUUG CNUQ FGWVNKEJ UGNVGPGT KUV CNU FCU 4KVVGT\GKEJGP -NCUUG

984

-ÌPKINKEJ 0QTYGIKUEJGT 5CPMV 1NCXU 1TFGP =-QPIGNKIG 0QTUM 5V 1NCXUQTFGP? /QFGNN KP FGP -TGW\YKPMGNP /QPQITCOOG -ÌPKI 1NCXU + QJPG .ÌYG ÒDGT FGO -TGW\EJGP FGT -TQPG ņ UGKV 4KVVGT\GKEJGP -NCUUG =TKFFGTVGIP -NCUUG? OKV 5EJYGTVGTP #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC 6QUVTWR KP 1UNQ \YKUEJGP WPF QFGT \YKUEJGP WPF 5KNDGT GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF \WUCOOGP OKV -PQRHNQEJ 4QUGVVG KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC 6QUVTWR KP 1UNQ KP FGT #WU HÒJTWPI \YKUEJGP WPF $9- <- 44 + ++ *CNNDGTI KP *01 5 H PGPPV HÒT FGP <GKVTCWO XQP DKU WPF XQP DKU KPUIGUCOV PWT 8GTNGKJWPIGP FGU 4KVVGT\GKEJGPU -NCUUG QJPG WPF OKV 5EJYGTVGTP \WUCOOGP &CTÒDGT YGNEJGP #PVGKN FCDGK FKG &GMQTCVKQPGP OKV 5EJYGTVGTP JCDGP N·­V UKEJ NGKFGT MGKPG RT·\KUG (GUVUVGNNWPI VTGHHGP LGFQEJ FÒTHVG JKGT GTHCJ TWPIUIGO·­ FGTGP #PVGKN DGK EC FGT )GUCOV\CJN CNUQ DGK EC 8GTNGKJWPIGP NKGIGP YQDGK CWEJ JKGT FKG #P\CJN FGT VCVU·EJNKEJ JGTIGUVGNNVGP 5VÒEMG CWHITWPF FGT UVTGPIGP 4ÒEMICDGRHNKEJV WPF FGT 9KGFGTXGTNGKJWPIGP \WTÒEMIGIGDGPGT 'ZGORNCTG FGWVNKEJ IGTKPIGT KUV

291


NORWEGEN

985 (1:1)

986 (1:1)

/GFCKNNG HÒT FKG GFNG 6CV =/GFCNLGP HQT FGN &CF? /QFGNN OKV 2QTVTCKV -ÌPKI 1UECTU ++ ņ /GFCKNNG -NCUUG QJPG -TQPG &WTEJOGUUGT OO 5KNDGT OKV 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT 5KIPCVWT + 6*410&5'0 CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP $TWUVDCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC % % 5RQTTQPI %Q KP 5VQEMJQNO $9- *01 5 ++ .CWV *CNNDGTI KP *01 5 YWTFG FKG /GFCKNNG -NCUUG FKGUGU /QFGNNU \YKUEJGP WPF PWT /CN XGTNKGJGP FCXQP /CN CP #WUN·PFGT

/GFCKNNG HÒT FKG GFNG 6CV =/GFCNLGP HQT FGN &CF? /QFGNN OKV 2QTVTCKV -ÌPKI 1UECTU ++ ņ /GFCKNNG -NCUUG QJPG -TQPG &WTEJOGUUGT OO 5KNDGT OKV 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT 5KIPCVWT + 6*410&5'0 CO PGWGP $TWUVDCPF $9- *01 5 ++

987

988 (1:1)

/GFCKNNG -ÌPKI 1UECTU ++ HÒT 8GTFKGPUV WPF #PGTMGPPWPI =-QPI 1UECT +KU /GFCNLG VKN $GNÎPPKPI QI #PGTMLGPPGNUG? /GFCKNNG \WT $GNQJPWPI HÒT XGTFKGPUVXQNNG 9KTMUCOMGKV =/GFCNLG VKN $GNÎPPKPI HQT (QTVLGPUVNKI 8KTMUQOJGV? #WUICDG 5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG #WUHÒJTWPI OKV 5VGORGN UEJPGKFGT 5KIPCVWT 6*410&5'0 5KNDGT CO $CPF OKV 6TCIGURCPIG $9- *01 5 HH 44 ++ &KG GTUVG FGT KPUIGUCOV HÒPH XGTUEJKGFGPGP /GFCKNNGP -ÌPKI 1UECTU ++ HÒT 8GTFKGPUV WPF #PGTMGPPWPI FKG \YGKUVW HKIG )QNF WPF 5KNDGT /GFCKNNG \WT $GNQJPWPI HÒT FGP 0QTYGIKUEJGP .CPFDTCWEJ UVKHVGVG -ÌPKI 1UECT ++ PQTYGIKUEJGT -ÌPKI XQP DKU KO 1MVQDGT &KG 5VKHVWPI FGT GDGPHCNNU \YGKUVWHKIGP /GFCKNNG \WT $GNQJPWPI HÒT XGTFKGPUVNKEJG 9KTMUCOMGKV GTHQNIVG CO ,WPK #WUICDG &KG GTUVG PFGTWPI KJTGT )GUVCNVWPI 2QTVTCKV UVCVV YKG DKUJGT /QPQITCOO GTHQNIVG #WUICDG FKG \YGKVG 8GT·PFGTWPI FGT ªDGTJÌ JWPI GTHQNIVG #WUICDG #WUHÒJTWPI #D GKPGO WPDGMCPPVGP <GKVRWPMV YWTFG GKP PGWGT 5VGORGN OKV FGO 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT <GKEJGP + 6 UVCVV DKUJGT 6*410&5'0 IGUEJCHHGP &KGUG /GFCKNNG KUV TGEJV UGNVGP FGPP UKG YWTFG KP 5KNDGT NCWV *CNNDGTI KP *01 5 \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV PWT /CN XGTNKGJGP YWTFG CP KJTGT 5VGNNG FKG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG -ÌPKI *CCMQPU 8++ KP )QNF WPF 5KNDGT IGUVKHVGV 8IN *01 5 HH

8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG =(QTVLGPUVOGFCNLG? 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG -ÌPKI *CCMQPU 8++ KP )QNF WPF 5KNDGT =-QPI *CCMQP 8++U (QTVLGPUVOGFCNLG K )WNN QI 5ÎNX? 5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG 6T·IGTITCXWT 9+..+#/ 5;8'465'0 CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF OKV 6TCIGURCPIG KO QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCT DGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT -ÌPKINKEJGP /ÒP\G KP -QPIUDGTI $9- *01 5 HH 4 ++ #O (GDTWCT UVKHVGVG -ÌPKI *CCMQP 8++ -ÌPKI UGKV CNU 'TUCV\ HÒT FKG /GFCKNNGP -ÌPKI 1UECTU ++ HÒT 8GTFKGPUV WPF #PGTMGPPWPI FGTGP 8GTNGKJWPI GKPIGUVGNNV YQTFGP YCT FKG \YGKUVWHKIG )QNF WPF 5KNDGT 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG -ÌPKI *CCMQPU 8++ KP )QNF WPF 5KNDGT FKG KP FKGUGT (QTO DKU XGTNKGJGP YWTFG .CWV *CNNDGTI KP *01 5 YWTFG FKG 5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG \YKUEJGP WPF EC /CN XGTNKGJGP FGPPQEJ KUV UKG PWT UGJT UGNVGP \W HKPFGP 5KG YWTFG XQP FGT 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG -ÌPKI 1NCXU 8 KP )QNF WPF 5KNDGT CDIGNÌUV 8IN *01 5 HH

292


NORWEGEN

989 (1:1)

990 (1:1)

8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG =(QTVLGPUVOGFCNLG? 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG -ÌPKI 1NCXU 8 KP )QNF WPF 5KNDGT =-QPI *CCMQP 8++U (QTVLGPUVOGFCNLG K )WNN QI 5ÎNX? 5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG 6T·IGTITCXWT #40' ##/1&6 CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF *01 5 HH + ++ #O (GDTWCT XGTCPNC­VG -ÌPKI 1NCX 8 -ÌPKI UGKV FKG PFGTWPI FGU #XGTU 2QTVTCKVU FGT 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG FKG PWPOGJT UGKP GKIGPGU \GKIGP UQNNVG +P FKGUGT (QTO YWTFG UKG DKU XGTNKGJGP CNU UKG PCEJ FGT 6JTQPDGUVGKIWPI -ÌPKI *CTCNFU 8 IGD FGUUGP 2QTVTCKV GTJKGNV .CWV *CNNDGTI KP *01 5 YWTFG FKG 5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG \YKUEJGP WPF EC /CN XGTNKGJGP &GPPQEJ KUV CWEJ UKG PKEJV CNN\W J·WHKI \W HKPFGP

5V 1NCXOGFCKNNG =5V 1NCXUOGFCNLGP? /QFGNN OKV 2QTVTCKV -ÌPKI *CCMQPU 8++ ņ ? 5KNDGT CO QTKIKPCNGP MWT\GP $TWUVDCPF $9- *01 5 H 44 ++ &KG 5V 1NCXUOGFCKNNG YWTFG CO /·T\ XQP -ÌPKI *CCMQP 8++ -ÌPKI UGKV IGUVKHVGV \WT $GNQJPWPI HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG UQYQJN WO FKG 8GTDTGKVWPI XQP -GPPVPKUUGP ÒDGT 0QTYGIGP CNU CWEJ WO FKG (ÌTFGTWPI XQP 8GTDKPFWPI WPF 5QNKFCTKV·V XQP CWUIGYCPFGTVGP 0QTYGIGTP OKV KJTGO *GKOCVNCPF $KU \GKIVG UKG FCU 2QTVTCKV -ÌPKI *CCMQPU 8++ +P FKGUGT (QTO YWTFG UKG NCWV *CNNDGTI KP *01 5 PWT /CN XGTNKGJGP 0CEJ FGT 6JTQPDGUVGKIWPI -ÌPKI 1NCXU 8 -ÌPKI UGKV GTJKGNV UKG FGUUGP 2QTVTCKV 8IN *01 5 HH

991 (1:1)

992

'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG *CCMQPU 8++ =*CCMQP 8++U 'TKPFTKPIUOGFCNLGT? )QNFGPG /GFCKNNG )QNF I OKV $CPF CO $TWUVDCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT -ÌPKINKEJGP /ÒP\G KP -QPIUDGTI $9- *01 5 H 444 + ++ -ÌPKI *CCMQP 8++ -ÌPKI UGKV UVKHVGVG UGKPG 'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG KO ,CJTG KP \YGK 5VWHGP )QNF WPF 5KNDGT 5KG YWTFG KP FKGUGT (QTO DKU \W UGKPGO 6QF KO ,CJTG XGTNKGJGP WPF \YCT NCWV *CNNDGTI KP *01 5 PWT KP )QNF FCXQP PWT /CN CP 0QTYGIGT /KV $CPFURCPIGP ÒDGT QFGT &KGPUVLCJTG ##45 6,'0'56' YWTFG FKG UKNDGTPG #WUICDG CWEJ CNU *QH &KGPUVOGFCKNNG XGTNKGJGP 9GKVGTG $CPFURCPIGP \GKIGP HÒT 8GTNGKJWPIGP CP /KVINKGFGT FGT MÌPKINKEJGP .GKDYCEJG \YKUEJGP WPF \WO L·JTKIGP 4GIKGTWPIULWDKN·WO

\WO L·JTKIGP 4GIKGTWPIULWDKN·WO 1-61$'4 \W UGKPGO 6QF WPF \W UGKPGO GKPJWP FGTVL·JTKIGP )GDWTVUVCI 8IN *01 5 HH

(TGKJGKVUMTGW\ *CCMQPU 8++ =*CCMQP 8++U (TKJGVUMQTU? #WUICDG #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC , 6QUVTWR KP 1UNQ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI XQP 6QUVTWR WPF GTJCDGPG 5KNDGTRWP\G 5 CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF OKV 6TCIGURCPIG XQP 6QUVTWR $9- '1 5 *01 5 4 + ++ /KV MÌPKINKEJGT 4GUQNWVKQP CO /CK UVKHVGVG -ÌPKI *CCMQP 8++ -ÌPKI UGKV FCU (TGKJGKVU MTGW\ #WUICDG 0CEJ *CNNDGTI KP *01 5 YWTFGP (TGKJGKVUMTGW\G JGTIGUVGNNV XQP FGP EC XGTNKGJGP YWTFGP FCTWPVGT CP DTKVKUEJG WPF ÒDGT UEJYGFKUEJG 5VCCVUDÒTIGT &GPPQEJ KUV FKGUG &GMQTCVKQP UGNVGP WPF PKEJV J·WHKI CWH FGO /CTMV \W HKPFGP (ÒT 8GTNGKJWPIGP CP UGEJU 0QTYGIGT KO ,CJTG YWTFGP PGWG 'ZGORNCTG JGTIGUVGNNV FKG PKEJV ÒDGT FKG $CPFTCJG XGTHÒIGP #WUICDG

293


ÖSTERREICH

993 (1:1)

¤56'44'+%* 14&'0 81/ )1.&'0'0 8.+'5 =14&4' &' .# 61+510 &ʼn14?

/WVOC­NKEJG <YGKVCPHGTVKIWPI FGT 1TFGPUFGMQTCVKQP CWU FGT GTUVGP *·NHVG FGU ,J 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV OGJTGTG 'OCKNNG #DURNKVVGTWPIGP KP FGT #XGTUUGKVG FGT (NCOOGP FKG 8GTIQNFWPI VNY XGTICPIGP 6TCIGURWTGP KP FGT QDGTGP ¤UG FGU (GWGTUVGKPGU 2WP\G HÒT GT 5KNDGT XQP DKU

&KCPCMQRH WPF 6GKNRWP\G / OÌINKEJGTYGKUG XQP 8/ FGT (KTOC 8KPE (KTOC 8KPE /C[GT U 5ÌJPG KP 9KGP KO $CPFTKPI 9KGPGT #OVURWP\GP # # /C­G )GUCOVJÌJG OO $TGKVG FGT 5VCJNUEJNCWHGP OO $TGKVG FGT (NCOOGP FGU (GWGTUVGKPGU OO $TGKVG FGU 8NKGUGU OO #O CNVGP \WUCOOGPIGP·JVGP 'KPMPÌRH *CNUDCPFUVÒEM OKV %QWNCPV Z OO $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV GKP 5EJCTPKGT FGU %QWNCPVU OKV 0CFGN PQVFÒTHVKI TGRCTKGTV 44 ++ +++ ++ 9KT JCNVGP FKGUGU 'ZGORNCT HÒT GKPG OWVOC­NKEJG <YGKVCPHGTVKIWPI HÒT GKPGP 1TFGPUTKVVGT CWU FGO GTUVGP 8KGTVGN FGU ,J DKU &KGUG 'KPUEJ·V\WPI YKTF WPUGTGT /GKPWPI PCEJ CWEJ FWTEJ FKG VTCIGDGFKPIVGP $GUEJ·FKIWPIGP WPF #DPÒV\WPIGP WPVGTUVÒV\V &GT YQJN DGFGWVGPFUVG F[PCUVKUEJG 1TFGP YWTFG CO ,CPWCT XQP 2JKNKRR +++ FGO )WVGP *GT\QI XQP $WTIWPF IGUVKHVGV WPF IKPI CWH FGO 'TDYGIG ÒDGT -CKUGT /CZKOKNKCP + CP FCU *CWU *CDU DWTI /KV FGT #WHVGKNWPI FGU JCDUDWTIKUEJGP $GUKV\GU CP GKPG ÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJG WPF CP GKPG URCPKUEJG .KPKG 2JKNKRR ++ ņ IKPI FCU *GT\QIVWO $WTIWPF WPF FCOKV CWEJ FGT 1TFGP XQO )QNFGPGP 8NKGU CP FKG NGV\VGTG /KV FGO 6QF -ÌPKI -CTNU ++ XQP 5RCPKGP GTNQUEJ FKG .KPKG FGT URCPKUEJGP *CDUDWTIGT YCU PCEJ FGO 5RCPK UEJGP 'TDHQNIGMTKGI \W GKPGT DKU JGWVG GZKUVKGTGPFGP #WHVGKNWPI FGU 1TFGPU KP GKPGP URCPKUEJGP <YGKI WPVGT -ÌPKI 2JKNKRR 8 CWU FGO *CWU $QWTDQP WPF GKPGO ÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJGP <YGKI WPVGT -CKUGT -CTN 8+ HÒJTVG &GT 1TFGP YWTFG WPF YKTF XQP FGP URCPKUEJGP $QWTDQPGP DKU JGWVG CNU F[PCUVKUEJGT WPF JÌEJUVGT URCPKUEJGT 1TFGP YGKVGT XGTNKGJGP

994 (1:1)

294

/KPKCVWT FGT *CNUFGMQTCVKQP Z OO )QNF ITCXKGTV WPF GOCKNNKGTV I QJPG LGINKEJG 2WP \KGTWPI QJPG $·PFEJGP 4 + ++


ÖSTERREICH

995 (1:1)

995 (1:1)

1,5:1

*#$5$74)+5%*' '4$. 0&'4 $+5

/KNKV·T 'JTGPOGFCKNNG 6KTQNGT &GPMOÒP\G )TQ­G )QNFGPG /GFCKNNG &WTEJOGUUGT OO )QNF I OKV 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT 5KIPCVWT + 0 9+46 ( QJPG $CPF $9- 444 + ++ 8QP CNNGTITÌ­VGT 5GNVGPJGKV #WU 5ÒFVKTQNGT #FGNUDGUKV\ &KG )TQ­G )QNFGPG /GFCKNNG FGU CO 5GRVGODGT XQO 4ÌOKUEJGP -CKUGT (TCP\ ++ CNU IGHÒTUVGVGO )TCHGP XQP 6KTQN IGUVKHVGVGP 'JTGP\GKEJGPU YCT HÒT -QTRU -QO OCPFCPVGP DGUVKOOV 'ZCMV FKGUG /GFCKNNG KUV CDIGDKNFGV DGK $TCODKNNC KP $$ 5

996 (1:2)

997 (1:12)

5KGIGN XQP .GQRQNF +++ 'TPUV )TCH XQP (KTOKCP (ÒTUVDKUEJQH XQP 5GEMCW 9QJN MWT\ PCEJ TQVGT 5KGIGNNCEM KP 5KGIGNMCRUGN 5KNDGT )GUCOVIGYKEJV I OKV )TC\GT 5KNDGTOCTMG HÒT .ÌVJ XQP WPF /GKUVGTOCTMG /$* OKV 1TKIKPCNMQTFGN 4 ++ .GQRQNF 'TPUV )TCH XQP (KTOKCP YWTFG (ÒTUVDKUEJQH XQP 5GEMCW YCT \WU·V\NKEJ XQP DKU #FOKPKUVTCVQT FGU (ÒTUVDKUVWOU 6TKGPV YWTFG KP FCU (ÒTUVDKUVWO 2CUUCW VTCPUHGTKGTV WPF XQP 2CRUV %NGOGPU :+8 \WO -CTFKPCNRTKGUVGT FGT 6KVGNMKTEJG 5CP 2KGVTQ KP /QPVQTKQ KP 4QO GTJQDGP 'T YKTMVG CWEJ CNU $GTCVGT -CKUGTKP /CTKC 6JGTGUKCU W C KP 5EJWNHTCIGP #WH KJP IGJV FKG 5EJWNTGHQTO XQP KP FGP 'TDNCPFGP OKV FGT 'KPHÒJTWPI FGT CNNIGOGKPGP 5EJWNRHNKEJV \WTÒEM +PHQTOCVKQPGP VNY CWU YK MKRGFKC FG 5KGIGN XQP ,QJCPP 'TPUV )TCH XQP *GTDGTUVGKP 9QJN MWT\ PCEJ TQVGT 5KGIGNNCEM 9CRRGPDKNF OKP DGUEJ·FKIV KP 5KGIGNMCRUGN 5KNDGT )GUCOVIGYKEJV I OKV )TC\GT 5KNDGTOCTMG HÒT .ÌVJ XQP WPF /GKUVGTOCTMG /$* OKV 1TKIKPCNMQTFGN ++ 5KGIGN XQP ,QJCPP 'TPUV )TCH XQP *GTDGTUVGKP YCT M M 9KTMNKEJGT )GJGKOGT 4CV WPF .CPFGUXGTYGUGT FGU *GT\QIVWOU 5VGKGTOCTM &KG (COKNKG JCV FGP GTDN·PFKUEJ ÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJGP )TCHGPUVCPF GTJCNVGP WPF FGP 4GKEJUITCHGPUVCPF

295


ÖSTERREICH

998 (1:1)

-#+5'44'+%*

*QEJCFGNKIGT 5VGTPMTGW\ 1TFGP 1TFGPUFGMQTCVKQP )QNF VNY ITCXKGTV WPF GOCKNNKGTV I OKV $CPFUEJNGKHG 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK CP QTKIKPCNGT CNVGT &COGPUEJNGKHG $9- <- + ++

999

*QEJCFGNKIGT 5VGTPMTGW\ 1TFGP 7TMWPFG FGT ÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJGP %CTQNKPG #WIWUVG HÒT FKG 8GTNGKJWPI FGU 1TFGPUMTGW\GU CP /CTKC /CTEJGUC #VK FK 2QP\QPG IGDQTGPG /CTEJGUC 8KUEQPVK %KEGTK FCVKGTV 9KGP CO /CK OKV 2CRKGTUKGIGN FGU 1TFGPU WPF 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV %CTQNKPG UQYKG YGKVGTGP 7PVGT UEJTKHVGP OGJTHCEJ IGHCNVGV 4 ++ %CTQNKPG %JCTNQVVG #WIWUVG 2TKP\GUUKP XQP $C[GTP YCT FKG FTKVVG 6QEJVGT XQP /CZKOKNKCP +8 + ,QUGRJ XQP $C[GTP UGKV *GT\QI XQP 2HCN\ <YGKDTÒEMGP -WTHÒTUV WPF -ÌPKI XQP $C[GTP WPF FGUUGP GTUVGT )CVVKP #WIWUVG 9KNJGNOKPG IGD 2TKP\GUUKP XQP *GUUGP &CTOUVCFV +O ,CJTG JGKTC VGVG UKG FGP -TQPRTKP\GP 9KNJGNO XQP 9ÒTVVGODGTI TGI UGKV #NNGTFKPIU YWTFG FKGUG 'JG PCEJ FGO 5VWT\ 0CRQNGQPU \WP·EJUV IGUEJKGFGP WPF FWTEJ 2CRUV 2KWU 8++ 2CRUV UGKV CO ,CPWCT HÒT PKEJVKI GTMN·TV #O 1MVQDGT JGKTCVGVG UKG RGT RTQEWTCVKQPGO KP FGT /ÒPEJPGT *QHMCRGNNG WPF CO 0QXGODGT KP 9KGP FGP DGTGKVU FTGKOCN XGTYKVYGVGP -CKUGT (TCP\ + XQP ¤UVGTTGKEJ XQP DKU 4ÌOKUEJGT -CKUGT UGKV ÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJGT -CKUGT YQOKV UKG ÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJG -CKUGTKP WPF QDGTUVG 5EJWV\HTCW FGU 5VGTPMTGW\QTFGPU YWTFG %CTQNKPG #WIWUVG UVCTD KP 9KGP &KG (COKNKG FGT /CTEJGUG #VK FK 2WP\QPG UVCOOGP WTURTÒPINKEJ CWU FGO )TGP\DGTGKEJ \YKUEJGP 2KGOQPV WPF .KIWTKGP WPF DGNGIVGP GKPG YKEJVKIG 4QNNG KO RKGOQPVGUKUEJGP *QEJCFGN /CTKC /CTEJGUC #VK FK 2WP\QPG UGNDUV UVCOOVG CWU GKPGT 0GDGPNKPKG FGT YGKVXGT\YGKIVGP (COKNKG FGT 8KUEQPVK FKG XQO DKU \WO ,CJTJWPFGTV /CKNCPF WPF 6GKNG FGT .QODCTFGK TGIKGTVGP

296


ÖSTERREICH

1000 (1:1)

-ÌPKINKEJ 7PICTKUEJGT 5V 5VGRJCPU 1TFGP =/CI[CT -KT±N[K 5\GPV +UVX±P TGPF? -NGKPQF \WO )TQ­ MTGW\ #WUHÒJTWPI OKV IQNFHCTDGPGT +PUEJTKHV UGKV EC )QNF VNY HGKPUV ITCXKGTV WPF GOCKNNKGTV I KP FGT ¤UG WPF KO 6TCIGTKPI 2WP\G HÒT GT )QNF XQP DKU # *WPFGMQRH WPF *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G (4 FGT (KTOC 4QVJG KP 9KGP KO 6TCIGTKPI FGT -TQPG 9KGPGT #OVURWP\G # CO OÌINKEJGTYGKUG GVYCU UR·VGTGP 5EJWNVGTDCPF $9- <- 44

1001 (1:1)

-CKUGTNKEJ ¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJGT .GQRQNF 1TFGP /QFGNN $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­MTGW\ &WTEJOGUUGT OO 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV WPF TGRGTEKGTV FKG 5VTCJNGPURKV\GP CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG XGTUV·TMV #WHNCIGP )GNDIQNF VNY HGKPUV ITCXKGTV GOCKNNKGTV FGT 7PVGTITWPF WPVGT FGT TQVGP 'OCKNNG HNKPMKGTV /QPQITCOO YQJN IGIQUUGP /GFCKNNQP 4KPI 4QVIQNF DTKNNCPVKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G (4 FGT (KTOC 4QVJG KP 9KGP 2WP\G HÒT GT 5KNDGT XQP DKU 9KPFJWPFMQRH# WPF #+ 2WP\G CP 0CFGN FKGUG OKV *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI % ( 416*' WPF 9+'0 UQYKG 9KGPGT #OVURWP\GP # # $9- <- 4 + ªDGT FGP 1TFGP XIN CWEJ 5VQN\GT &T ,QJCPP W C ,CJTG ÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJ MCKUGTNKEJGT .GQRQNF 1TFGP 9KGP 297


ÖSTERREICH

1002 (1:1)

-CKUGTNKEJ ¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJGT .GQRQNF 1TFGP /QFGNN 4KVVGTMTGW\ )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I KP FGT ¤UG 9KGPGT #OVURWP\G # *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G (4 FGT (KTOC 4QVJG KP 9KGP WPF 2WP\G HÒT GT )QNF XQP DKU )COUMQRH # NGV\VGTG DGKFG CWEJ KO $CPFTKPI CO QTKIKPCNGP &TGK GEMUDCPF $9- <- +

1003

-CKUGTNKEJ ¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJGT .GQRQNF 1TFGP /QFGNN )TQ­GU 'TPGPPWPIU WPF 8GTNGK JWPIU &KRNQO \WO (GNFOCTUEJCNN .GWVPCPV WPF HÒT FCU 4KVVGTMTGW\ HÒT )GPGTCNOCLQT 'OKN +XCPQUUKEJ XQP -ÒUVGPHGNF FCVKGTV 9KGP CO #WIWUV OKV ITQ­GO 5KGIGN FGU 1TFGPU )TQ­OGKUVGTU WPF 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV XQP -CKUGT (TCP\ ,QUGRJ + 2GTICOGPV VNY KP MCNNKITCRJKUEJGT *CPFUEJTKHV OGJT HCEJ IGHCNVGV KO QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 5EJWDGT 4 ++ 'KP 6GKN FGT &QMWOGPVG CWU FGO $GUKV\ XQP (GNFOCTUEJCNN .GWVPCPV +XCPQUUKEJ XQP -ÒUVGPHGNF YWTFG QJPG FCU JKGT CPIGDQVGPG 5EJTKHVUVÒEM CO #RTKN DGK *GTOCPP *KUVQTKEC KP /ÒPEJGP XGTUVGKIGTV

1004 (1:1)

298

-CKUGTNKEJ ¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJGT .GQRQNF 1TFGP /QFGNN /KPKCVWT FGU 1TFGPUMTGW\GU &WTEJOGUUGT OO )QNF VNY 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV GOCKNNKGTV I FCU #XGTU /GFCKNNQP WO EC )TCF XGTFTGJV FCU 4GXGTU /GFCKNNQP WO )TCF XGTFTGJV QJPG -TQPGP ªDGTJÌJWPI QJPG $·PFEJGP +++


ÖSTERREICH

1007 (1:1)

1006 (1:1)

1005

¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJ -CKUGTNKEJGT 1TFGP FGT 'KUGTPGP -TQPG /QFGNN 6TCIGIGPGJOKIWPI KP KVCNKGPKUEJGT 5RTCEJG HÒT FKG UQIGPCPPVG #WUVCWUEJFGMQTCVKQP FGU 1TFGPU HÒT )GPGTCNOCLQT /CT EJGUG 2CWNWEEK FCVKGTV 9KGP CO ,WNK OKV 2CRKGTUKGIGN FGU 1TFGPU WPF 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV FGU 1TFGPUUGMTGV·TU IGHCNVGV ++ 5QNEJG 6TCIGIGPGJOKIWPIGP UKPF XQP ITQ­GT 5GNVGPJGKV 5KG YWTFGP CNU $GNGI ÒDGT FGP #WUVCWUEJ FGT 1TFGPUFGMQ TCVKQP CWUIGIGDGP WPF UKPF FCJGT CNU 8GTNGKJWPIUPCEJYGKU HÒT FKG ÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJG #WUICDG CP\WUGJGP #OKNECTG 2CWNWEEK /CTEJGUG FGNNG 4QPEQNG YCT 8K\G #FOKTCN WPF 1DGTDGHGJNUJCDGT FGT ÌUVGTTGKEJK UEJGP /CTKPG KO /KVVGNOGGT 9GKVGTG &QMWOGPVG CWU UGKPGO 0CEJNC­ HKPFGP 5KG WPVGT -CV 0T WPF +PHQTOCVKQPGP ÒDGT FGP 6T·IGT HKPFGP 5KG XQT -CV 0T 0CEJFGO KO ,CJTG KP (QNIG FGU 9KGPGT -QPITGUUGU FCU -ÌPKITGKEJ .QODCTFQ 8GPGVKGP ÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJ IGYQTFGP YCT YWTFGP FKG 4KVVGT FGU XQP -CKUGT 0CRQNGQP CO ,WPK IGUVKHVGVGP WPF PCEJ FGUUGP #DFCPMWPI GTNQUEJGPGP 1TFGPU FGT 'KUGTPGP -TQPG PQEJ KO UGNDGP ,CJT CWHIGHQTFGTV KJTG HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP +PUKIPKGP CP FKG ÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJG 1DTKIMGKV CD\WIGDGP FC FKGUG PKEJV YGKVGT IGVTCIGP YGTFGP FWTHVGP 5KG GTJKGNVGP FCHÒT KO )GIGP\WI FKG +PUKIPKGP FGU XQP -CKUGT (TCP\ + CO (GDTWCT CNU FTGKMNCUUKIGT CNNIG OGKPGT 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP PGW IGUVKHVGVGP ¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJ -CKUGTNKEJGP 1TFGPU FGT 'KUGTPGP -TQPG FKG UKG HQTVCP VTCIGP FWTHVGP $GK FGP $TWUVUVGTPGP YWTFGP VNY PWT FKG DKUJGTKIGP PCRQNGQPKUEJGP /GFCKNNQPU FWTEJ PGWG ÌUVGTTGKEJK UEJG CWUIGVCWUEJV +P FGP ,CJTGP WPF XGT·PFGTV WPF GTYGKVGTV GTNQUEJ GT HCMVKUEJ OKV FGO 8GT\KEJV -CKUGT -CTNU + CWH FKG #WUÒDWPI FGT 4GIKGTWPI KO ÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJGP 4GKEJUVGKN CO 0QXGODGT

¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJ -CKUGTNKEJGT 1TFGP FGT 'KUGTPGP -TQPG /QFGNN /KPKCVWT FGT &GMQTC VKQP -NCUUG #WUHÒJTWPI OKV UQIGP HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT -TQPG 5KNDGT CO PGWGP $CPFTKPI CO UR·VGTGP $·PFEJGP 444 ++ &KGUG JÌEJUV UGNVGPG #WUHÒJTWPI KUV DGK )CVVKPIGT KP )6 PKEJV CDIGDKNFGV

¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJ -CKUGTNKEJGT 1TFGP FGT 'KUGTPGP -TQPG /QFGNN /KPKCVWT FGT &GMQTC VKQP -NCUUG #WUHÒJTWPI OKV FGT 'KUGTPGP -TQPG 5KNDGT VNY GOCKNNKGTV 'OCKNNG #DRNCV\WPIGP CO UR·VGTGP &TGKGEMUD·PFEJGP )6 XCT ++

1008 (1:1)

¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJ -CKUGTNKEJGT 1TFGP FGT 'KUGTPGP -TQPG /QFGNN /KPKCVWT FGT &GMQTC VKQP -NCUUG #WUHÒJTWPI OKV FGT 'KUGTPGP -TQPG 8CTKCPVG OKV 0 UVCVV ( KO #XGTU 5EJKNF 5KNDGT $TWUVUEJKNFGT )QNF VNY GOCKNNKGTV OKP 'OCKNNG #DRNCV\WPIGP KP FGP 'FGNUVGK PGP FGT -TQPG CO MCPPGNKGTVGP $CPFTKPI CO CNVGP $·PFEJGP )6 XCT 444 ++ -WTKQUG 8CTKCPVG OKV FGO /QPQITCOO 0 FGU WTURTÒPINKEJGP 1TFGPUUVKHVGTU -CKUGT 0CRQNGQP + CP 5VGNNG FGU ( HÒT -CKUGT (TCP\ + XQP ¤UVGTTGKEJ 'ZGORNCT GKPGU PCRQNGQPKUEJGP 5[ORCVJKUCPVGP XQP CNNGTITÌ­VGT 5GNVGPJGKV

299


ÖSTERREICH

1009 (1:1)

¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJ -CKUGTNKEJGT 1TFGP FGT 'KUGTPGP -TQPG /QFGNN EC $TWUVUVGTP \WT -NCUUG OKV -TKGIUFGMQTCVKQP WPF 5EJYGTVGTP 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV WPF TGRGTEKGTV VNY ITCXKGTV XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC 8KPE /C[GT U 5ÌJPG KP 9KGP CP 0CFGN QJPG LGINKEJG 2WP\KGTWPI $9- <- 44 ++

1010 (1:1)

¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJ -CKUGTNKEJGT 1TFGP FGT 'KUGTPGP -TQPG /QFGNN EC ,WYGNKGTUCPHGTVK IWPI GKPGT &GMQTCVKQP FGT -NCUUG OKV FGT -TKGIUFGMQTCVKQP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF VNY GOCKNNKGTV QJPG 'KUGPTKPI KP FGT 'KUGTPGP -TQPG CWH FGP -TQPGP 2GPFKNKGP 2WP\G HÒT GT 5KNDGT XQP DKU

9KPFJWPFMQRH # WPF *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G (4 FGT (KTOC 4QVJG KP 9KGP NGV\VGTG \WUCOOGP OKV 9KG PGT #OVURWP\G # CWEJ KO 6TCIGTKPI CWH FGO 4GXGTU FGT -TQPG 9KFOWPIUKPUEJTKHV &#5 1((+<+'45-1425 &'4 .7(6(#*464722'0 +*4'/ -1//#0&#06'0 CO QTKIK PCNGP CNVGP *CNUDCPF 444 ++ 1DGTUVNGWVPCPV *CPU 4KVVGT (TCPMYGNN XQP 7ONCWHH DGFGWVGPFGT ÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJGT .WHVHCJTVRKQPKGT WPF 2KNQV FGU 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIU YCT -QOOCPFGWT FGT -W- .WHVHCJTVTWRRG

300


ÖSTERREICH

1011 (1:1)

¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJ -CKUGTNKEJGT 1TFGP FGT 'KUGTPGP -TQPG /QFGNN EC &GMQTCVKQP -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP IQNFHCTDGP WPF -TKGIUFGMQTCVKQP $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV -TQPGP TGKH KPPGP OKV 'KUGPTKPI CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FGT -TQPGP 2GPFKNKGP *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC # ' -ÌEJGTV KP 9KGP WPF 5VGTPEJGPRWP\G CO MWT\GP *CNUDCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGK JWPIUGVWK $9- <- 4 ++

1012

¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJ -CKUGTNKEJGT 1TFGP FGT 'KUGTPGP -TQPG /QFGNN EC ITQ­G 8GTNGK JWPIUWTMWPFG KP NCVGKPKUEJGT 5RTCEJG \WT -NCUUG OKV FGT -TKGIUFGMQTCVKQP FGT -NCUUG HÒT #PVQP (TGKJGTTP XQP -NGWFIGP 2GTICOGPV KP VNY RQN[EJTQO KNNWOKPKGTVGT MCNNKITCRJKUEJGT *CPFUEJTKHV FC VKGTV 9KGP CO ,WNK OKV 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV -CKUGT (TCP\ ,QUGRJU + OGJTHCEJ IGHCNVGV OKV CPJ·PIGPFGT 5KGIGNMCRUGN KP XGTIQNFGVGO $WPVOGVCNNDNGEJ OKV FGO UQIGP 9CRRGP FGU -CKUGTU CWH FGO -CRUGNFGEMGN OKV KPNKGIGPFGO ITQ­GP /CLGUV·VU 5KGIGN -CKUGT (TCP\ ,QUGRJU XQP DKU KP TQVGO 5KGIGNNCEM 44 ++ 7PIGYÌJPNKEJ RTCEJVXQNN CWUIGHGTVKIVG 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG HÒT GKPG \W FKGUGT <GKV UGJT UGNVGP XGTNKGJGPG &GMQTCVKQP KP JGTXQTTCIGPFGT 'TJCNVWPI

301


ÖSTERREICH

1015 (1:1)

1013 (1:1)

1014 (1:1)

¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJ -CKUGTNKEJGT 1TFGP FGT 'KUGTPGP -TQPG /QFGNN EC &GMQTCVKQP FGT -NCUUG ·NVGTG #WUHÃ’JTWPI OKV OGJTVGKNKIGT -TQPG )QNF VNY GOCKNNKGTV OKV 'KUGTPGO 4KPI KP FGT 'KUGT PGP -TQPG I CWH FGP -TQPGP 2GPFKNKGP 9KGPGT #OVURWP\G # )QNFRWP\G HÃ’T GT )QNF XQP DKU )COUMQRH # WPF *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G (4 FGT (KTOC 4QVJG KP 9KGP NGV\VGTG DGKFGP CWEJ KO 6TCIGTKPI QJPG $CPF $9- <- +

¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJ -CKUGTNKEJGT 1TFGP FGT 'KUGTPGP -TQPG /QFGNN EC &GMQTCVKQP FGT -NCUUG LÃ’PIGTG #WUHÃ’JTWPI OKV GKPVGKNKIGT -TQPG )QNF VNY GOCKNNKGTV OKV 'KUGTPGO 4KPI KP FGT 'KUGT PGP -TQPG I CWH FGP -TQPGP 2GPFKNKGP WPF KO 6TCIGTKPI )QNFRWP\G HÃ’T GT )QNF XQP DKU )COUMQRH # WPF *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G (4 FGT (KTOC 4QVJG KP 9KGP QJPG $CPF $9- <- + ++

¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJ -CKUGTNKEJGT 1TFGP FGT 'KUGTPGP -TQPG /QFGNN EC /KPKCVWT FGT 1TFGPUFGMQTCVKQP Z OO )QNF VNY GOCKNNKGTV I KPPGTJCND FGT -TQPG 'KUGPTKPI 'OCKNNG #DRNCV\WPIGP CWH #XGTU WPF 4GXGTU GVYCU XGTUEJOWV\V QJPG $·PFEJGP +++

1017 (1:1)

1016 (1:1) 1018

302

¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJ -CKUGTNKEJGT 1TFGP FGT 'KUGTPGP -TQPG /QFGNN EC /KPKCVWTFGMQTC VKQP FGT -NCUUG )QNF VNY GOCKNNKGTV \WUCOOGP OKV /KPKCVWTMTGW\ FGU RQTVWIKGUKUEJGP 1TFGP FGU JN ,CMQDWU )QNF GOCKNNKGTV CO IQNFGPGP /KPKCVWTGPMGVVEJGP \WU I + ++

¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJ -CKUGTNKEJGT 1TFGP FGT 'KUGTPGP -TQPG /QFGNN EC /KPKCVWTFGMQTC VKQP FGT -NCUUG )QNF VNY GOCKNNKGTV OKV 'KUGTPGO 4KPI KP FGT 'KUGTPGP -TQPG I CP FGT -TQ PGPCWHJ·PIWPI WPHCEJIGO·­ TGRCTKGTV QJPG $·PFEJGP +++

¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJ -CKUGTNKEJGT 1TFGP FGT 'KUGTPGP -TQPG /QFGNN EC ,WYGNKGTUCPHGTVK IWPI GKPGT &GMQTCVKQP FGT -NCUUG OKV FGT -TKGIUFGMQTCVKQP $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF VNY GOCKNNKGTV OKV 'KUGTPGO 4KPI KP FGT 'KUGTPGP -TQPG QJPG 2WP\KGTWPIGP CWH FGT 4Ã’EMUGKVG FGT -TQPG 5EJKNFEJGP OKV 9KFOWPIUITCXWT 1 - +++ CO QTKIKPCNGP &TGKGEMUDCPF $9- <- ++


ÖSTERREICH

1019 (1:1) 1020

¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJ -CKUGTNKEJGT 1TFGP FGT 'KUGTPGP -TQPG /QFGNN EC &GMQTCVKQP -NCUUG OKV FGT -TKGIUFGMQTCVKQP $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV -TQPGPTGKH KPPGP OKV 'KUGPTKPI KO 4KPI *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G FGT (KTOC 4Q\GV (KUEJOGKUVGT KP 9KGP WPF 5VGTPEJGPRWP\G CO &TGKGEMU DCPF $9- <- ++ ¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJ -CKUGTNKEJGT 1TFGP FGT 'KUGTPGP -TQPG /QFGNN EC ITQ­G 8GTNGK JWPIUWTMWPFG KP NCVGKPKUEJGT 5RTCEJG \WT -NCUUG HÒT (GTFKPCPF 2KTPGT 2GTICOGPV KP VNY RQN[EJTQO KNNWOKPKGTVGT MCNNKITCRJKUEJGT *CPFUEJTKHV FCVKGTV 9KGP CO 0QXGODGT OKV ITQ­GO /CLGUV·VU 5KGIGN -CKUGT (TCP\ ,QUGRJU XQP DKU KP 2CRKGT WPF 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV -CKUGT (TCP\ ,QUGRJU + OGJTHCEJ IGHCNVGV KP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGT FWPMGNDNCWGT &QMWOGPVGPJÒNNG ++ 7PIGYÌJPNKEJ RTCEJVXQNN CWUIGHGTVKIVG 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG

1021 (1:1)

-CKUGTNKEJ ¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJGT (TCP\ ,QUGRJ 1TFGP $TWUVUVGTP \WO -QOVWTMTGW\ /QFGNN MNGKPGTG #WUHÒJTWPI ņ EC 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV WPF TGRGTEKGTV #WHNCIG )QNF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEM UGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC )GDT 4GUEJ KP 9KGP WPF 2WP\G HÒT GT 5KNDGT &KCPCMQRH CP 0CFGN $9- <- + ++ 303


ÖSTERREICH

1023 (1:1) 1022

-CKUGTNKEJ ¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJGT (TCP\ ,QUGRJ 1TFGP 8GTNGKJWPIUFGMTGV \WO %QOVJWTMTGW\ OKV FGO 5VGTP HÒT %QOOGPFCVQTG 6JGQFQTQ #NHWTPQ )GPGTCN &KTGMVQT FGU MÌPKINKEJ KVCNKGPKUEJGP 5EJCV\GU FCVKGTV 9KGP CO /·T\ OKV 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV FGU 1TFGPUMCP\NGTU WPF 2T·IGUKGIGN FGU 1T FGPU FQRRGNV IGHCNVGV ++

-CKUGTNKEJ ¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJGT (TCP\ ,QUGRJ 1TFGP $TWUVUVGTP \WO -QOVWTMTGW\ /QFGNN ITÌ­GTG #WUHÒJTWPI ņ EC 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV WPF TGRGTEKGTV #WHNCIG )QNF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEM UGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC 8KPE /C[GT U 5ÌJPG KP 9KGP $WEJUVCDG % HÒT -QOVWT WPF *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G 8/ CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FGT WPVGTGP 5VGTPURKV\G UQPUV MGKPG YGKVGTGP 2WP\GP GTUKEJV NKEJ CP 0CFGN $9- <- ++

1024 (1:1)

-CKUGTNKEJ ¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJGT (TCP\ ,QUGRJ 1TFGP -QOVWTMTGW\ )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I /GFCKNNQP CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG \W ÌHHPGP KO #XGTU /GFCKNNQP QDGTHN·EJNKEJG 'OCKNNG %JKRU ,CJTGU\CJN KO 4GXGTU /GFCKNNQP DGYGINKEJ KO 6TCIGTKPI *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G 8/ FGT (KTOC 8KPE /C[GT U 5ÌJPG KP 9KGP WPF )QNFRWP\G HÒT GT )QNF XQP DKU )COUMQRH KO $CPFTKPI \YGK 9KGPGT #OVURWP\GP # CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP *CNUDCPF $9- <- ++ &GT \WP·EJUV PWT FTGKMNCUUKIG CNNIGOGKPG 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP YWTFG CO &G\GODGT XQP -CKUGT (TCP\ ,QUGRJ MWT\ PCEJ UGKPGT 6JTQPDGUVGKIWPI IGUVKHVGV 'T YWTFG OGJTHCEJ XGT·PFGTV WPF GTYGKVGTV -QOVWT OKV 5VGTP PFGTWPI FGT $TWUVUVGTPG 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\ -TKGIUFGMQTCVKQP \W CNNGP -NCUUGP WPF

5EJYGTVGT 5QOKV DGUVCPF FGT 1TFGP CD CWU HÒPH -NCUUGP )TQ­MTGW\ -QOVWT OKV WPF QJPG 5VGTP 1HHK\KGTU MTGW\ 4KVVGTMTGW\ /KV FGO 8GT\KEJV -CKUGT -CTNU + CWH FKG #WUÒDWPI FGT 4GIKGTWPI KO ÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJGP 4GKEJU VGKN CO 0QXGODGT GTNQUEJ FGT 1TFGP HCMVKUEJ

304


ÖSTERREICH

1028 (1:1)

1027 (1:1)

1025 (1:1)

1026 (1:1)

-CKUGTNKEJ ¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJGT (TCP\ ,QUGRJ 1TFGP 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\ CD )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC 8KPE /C[GT U 5ÌJPG KP 9KGP WPF *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G 8/ CP 0CFGN FKGUG OKV \YGK 9KGPGT #OVURWP\GP # $9- <- + ++

-CKUGTNKEJ ¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJGT (TCP\ ,QUGRJ 1TFGP 4KVVGTMTGW\ )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I OKV $CPF /GFCKNNQP CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG \W ÌHHPGP KO $CPFTKPI *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC )GDT 4GUEJ KP 9KGP WPF PKEJV KFGPVKHK\KGTDCTG 6GKNRWP\G $9- <- + ++

-CKUGTNKEJ ¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJGT (TCP\ ,QUGRJ 1TFGP /KPKCVWT FGU 1TFGPUMTGW\GU )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I CO $·PFEJGP OKV CWHIGNGIVGT 4QUGVVG ++

1029 (1:1)

1030 (1:1)

1030 (1:1)

-CKUGTNKEJ ¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJGT (TCP\ ,QUGRJ 1TFGP /KPKCVWT FGU 1TFGPUMTGW\GU -TQPG HGJNV )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I QJPG $·PFEJGP +8

-CKUGTNKEJ ¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJGT (TCP\ ,QUGRJ 1TFGP /KPKCVWT FGU 4KVVGTMTGW\GU 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO 1TFGPUMGVVEJGP HÒT 4KVVGTMTGW\G 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF VNY GOCKNNKGTV 8GTIQNFWPI ITÌ­ VGPVGKNU XGTICPIGP )6 XCT ++

'NKUCDGVJ 1TFGP 'NKUCDGVJ /GFCKNNG 5KNDGT CP QTKIKPCNGT CNVGT GVYCU XGTIKNDVGT WPF DGHNGEMVGT &C OGPUEJNGKHG $9- <- ++ 'Z 0WFGNOCP 0WOKUOCVKEC #WMVKQP CO ,WPK -CV 0T FCXQT GZ #WMVKQP * & 4CWEJ )OD* WPF . 0WFGNOCP CO 0QXGODGT -CV 0T

305


ÖSTERREICH

1034 1031

1032

1033

/KNKV·T 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ /QFGNN FTGKMNCUUKI ņ CD -TGW\ +++ -NCUUG OKV FGT -TKGIUFGMQTCVKQP 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV KP FGT ¤UG RWP\KGTV W C 2WP\G HÒT GT 5KNDGT XQP ņ 9KPFJWPFMQRH GVYCU XGTUEJOWV\V CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP &TGKGEMUDCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP DTCWPGP IQNF HCTDGP DG\GKEJPGVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK QJPG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI $9- ++

/KNKV·T 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ /QFGNN FTGKMNCUUKI ņ CD -TGW\ +++ -NCUUG OKV FGT -TKGIUFGMQTCVKQP 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV KP FGT ¤UG RWP\KGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP &TGKGEMUDCPF &C\W /KNK V·TFKGPUV\GKEJGP HÒT 1HHK\KGTG /QFGNN -TGW\ +++ -NCUUG HÒT &KGPUVLCJTG CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP &TGKGEMUDCPF WPF -TKGIUOGFCKNNG CO PKEJV MQTTGMVGP UVCTM \GTUEJNKUUGPGP &TGKGEMUDCPF $9- ++

8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ )QNFGPGU 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ OKV FGT -TQPG )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I KO $CPFTKPI *GT UVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC 8 /C[GTU 5ÌJPG KP 9KGP WPF 2WP\G HÒT GT )QNF XQP DKU

)COUMQRH CO UVCTM \GTUEJNKUUGPGP CNVGP &TGKGEMUDCPF $9- + ++

8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ )QNFGPGU 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I QDGTHN·EJNKEJG 'OCKNNG %JKRU KO 4GXGTU /GFCKNNQP KO $CPFTKPI *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC 8 /C[GTU 5ÌJPG KP 9KGP WPF 2WP\G HÒT GT )QNF XQP DKU )COUMQRH CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP &TGKGEMUDCPF $9- ++

1037 (1:1) 1035

1036

1038

'JTGP\GKEJGP XQO 4QVGP -TGW\ -TGW\ -NCUUG OKV FGT -TKGIUFGMQTCVKQP 5KNDGT GOCKNNKGTV OGJTGTG 'OCKNNG #DURNKVVGTWPIGP CWH FGT ¤UG 2WP\G HÒT GT 5KNDGT XQP DKU &KCPCMQRH CO QTKIKPCNGP &TGKGEMUDCPF &C\W 5KIPWO /GOQTKCG WPF ,WDKN·WOUMTGW\ LGYGKNU XGTIQNFGV $9- WPF ++ +++ ++

'JTGP\GKEJGP XQO 4QVGP -TGW\ -QPXQNWV XQP FTGK &GMQTCVKQPGP -TGW\ -NCUUG 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV GOCKNNKGTV KP FGT ¤UG RWP\KGTV CO &TGKGEMUDCPF 5KNDGTPG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG OKV FGT -TKGIUFGMQTCVKQP 5KNDGT VNY GOCKNNKGTV KP FGT ¤UG RWP\KGTV CO &TGKGEMUDCPF $TQP\GPG 8GTFKGPUV OGFCKNNG OKV FGT -TKGIUFGMQTCVKQP $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF VNY GOCKNNKGTV CP &COGPUEJNGKHG &C\W /KPKCVWT FGU -TGW\GU -NCUUG OKV FGT -TKGIUFGMQTCVKQP 5KNDGT GOCKNNKGTV QJPG $·PFEJGP $9- ++

6CRHGTMGKVUOGFCKNNG /QFGNN OKV FGO 2QTVTCKV FGU LWPIGP -CKUGT (TCP\ ,QUGRJ + QJPG $CTV ņ 5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG + -NCUUG 5KNDGT OKP 4CPFFGNNG QJPG $CPF $9- 44 ++

,WDKN·WOU (GUV\WIUOGFCKNNG $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV CO GVYCU \GTUEJNKUUGPGP $CPF OKV #WHNCIG $9- ++

306


ÖSTERREICH

ex 1041

ex 1040

1039

-CRRGP #D\GKEJGP *CPFGNU 7 $QQV /KV *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGU #VGN ) )WTUEJPGT KP 9KGP CP 0CFGN 4 ++

-QPXQNWV XQP HÒPH XGTUEJKGFGPGP -CRRGP #D\GKEJGP 'T\JGT\QI -CTN 'T\JGT\QI (TKGFTKEJ (TCP\ ,QUGRJ $CNMCPUVTGKVKIMGKVGP 9KPVGTHGNF\WI #TOGG WPF #TOGG +P XGTUEJKGFGPGP /GVCNNGP LGYGKNU DTQUEJKGTV DGK GKPGO HGJNV FGT 0CFGNJCMGP KP XGTUEJKGFGPGP 'TJCNVWPIGP ++

-QPXQNWV XQP XGTUEJKGFGPGP RCVTKQVKUEJGP WPF CPFGTGP #D\GKEJGP +P WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP )TÌ­GP XGTUEJKGFGPG /GVCNNG VGKNU XGTIQNFGV OGKUV GOCKNNKGTV OKV WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP $GHGUVKIWPIGP GKPGU DG UEJ·FKIV UQPUV KP FWTEJYGI QTFGPVNKEJGP 'TJCNVWPIGP ++ +++

1042

1043

74-70&'0 70& &1-7/'6'

-CKUGTNKEJ ¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJGT #FGNUDTKGH HÒT &T (NQTKCP 4KVVGT -TCVUEJOGT XQP (QTUVDWTI (QTOCV Z EO 5GKVGP 2GTICOGPV KP VNY RQN[EJTQO KNNWOKPKGTVGT MCNNKITCRJKUEJGT *CPFUEJTKHV CWH IGUVQEJG PGT 8QTNCIG OKV RQN[EJTQOGT 9CRRGP\GKEJPWPI FCVKGTV 9KGP CO 5GRVGODGT OKV 1TKIKPCNWP VGTUEJTKHV -CKUGT (TCP\ ,QUGRJU + WPF FGU ÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJGP +PPGPOKPKUVGTU &T 4KEJCTF (TGKJGTTP XQP $KGPGTVJ KP &QMWOGPVGPOCRRG KP XKQNGVV TQVGO 5COV VNY IGRT·IV OKV IQNFHCTDGP IGRT·IVGO UQIGP -NGKPGO -CKUGTNKEJ ¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJGP 9CRRGP XQP DKU OKV CPJ·PIGPFGT 5KGIGNMCRUGN KP XGTIQNFGVGT $TQP\G OKV FGO UQIGP 9CRRGP FGU -CKUGTU CWH FGO -CRUGNFGEMGN OKV KPNKGIGPFGO ITQ ­GP /CLGUV·VU 5KGIGN -CKUGT (TCP\ ,QUGRJU XQP DKU KP TQVGO 5KGIGNNCEM + ++

-CKUGTNKEJ ¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJGT #FGNUDTKGH HÒT (TKGFTKEJ 4KVVGT XQP $GPGUEJ (QTOCV Z EO 5GKVGP 2GTICOGPV KP VNY RQN[EJTQO KNNWOKPKGTVGT MCNNKITCRJKUEJGT *CPFUEJTKHV CWH IGUVQEJGPGT 8QTNCIG OKV RQN[EJTQOGT 9CRRGP\GKEJPWPI FCVKGTV 9KGP CO /·T\ OKV 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV -CKUGT (TCP\ ,QUGRJU + WPF FGU ÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJGP 5VCCVUOKPKUVGTU #PVQP 4KVVGT XQP 5EJOGTNKPI KP &QMWOGP VGPOCRRG KP DQTFGCWZTQVGO 5COV VNY IGRT·IV OKV IQNFHCTDGP IGRT·IVGO UQIGP -NGKPGO -CKUGTNKEJ ¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJGP 9CRRGP XQP DKU OKV CPJ·PIGPFGT 5KGIGNMCRUGN KP XGTIQNFGVGT $TQP\G OKV FGO UQIGP 9CRRGP FGU -CKUGTU CWH FGO -CRUGNFGEMGN OKV KPNKGIGPFGO ITQ­GP /CLGUV·VU 5KGIGN -CKUGT (TCP\ ,QUGRJU XQP DKU KP TQVGO 5KGIGNNCEM +PPGP GVYCU HNGEMKI KO QTKIKPCNGP OGVCNNG PGP #WHDGYCJTWPIUMCUVGP ++

307


ÖSTERREICH

1044

308

1045

1046

-CKUGTNKEJ ¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJGT #FGNUDTKGH HÒT -CTN $NCĻGI 'FNGT XQP *QTUVGII (QTOCV Z EO 5GKVGP 2GTICOGPV KP VNY RQN[EJTQO KNNWOKPKGTVGT MCNNKITCRJKUEJGT *CPFUEJTKHV CWH IGUVQEJGPGT 8QTNCIG OKV RQN[EJTQOGT 9CRRGP\GKEJPWPI FCVKGTV 9KGP CO &G\GODGT OKV 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV -CKUGT (TCP\ ,QUGRJU + WPF FGU ÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJGP +PPGPOKPKUVGTU &T -CTN (TGKJGTTP *GKPQNF XQP #F[mUMK KP &QMWOGPVGPOCRRG KP DQTFGCWZTQVGO 5COV VNY IGRT·IV OKV IQNFHCTDGP IGRT·IVGO UQIGP -NGKPGO -CKUGTNKEJ ¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJGP 9CRRGP XQP DKU OKV CPJ·PIGPFGT 5KGIGNMCRUGN KP XGTIQNFGVGT $TQP\G QJPG 9CRRGP CWH FGO -CRUGNFGEMGN OKV KPNKGIGPFGO ITQ­GP /CLGUV·VU 5KGIGN -CK UGT (TCP\ ,QUGRJU XQP DKU KP TQVGO 5KGIGNNCEM ++

-CKUGTNKEJ ¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJGT #FGNUDTKGH HÒT -QPTCF *QHGT XQP .KEJHGNU (QTOCV Z EO 5GKVGP 2GTICOGPV KP VNY RQN[EJTQO KNNWOKPKGTVGT MCNNKITCRJKUEJGT *CPFUEJTKHV CWH IGUVQEJGPGT 8QTNCIG OKV RQN[EJTQOGT 9CRRGP\GKEJPWPI FCVKGTV 9KGP CO /CK OKV 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV -CKUGT (TCP\ ,QUGRJU + WPF FGU ÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJGP +PPGPOKPKUVGTU -QPTCF 2TKP\ \W *QJGPNQJG 5EJKNNKPIUHÒTUV KP &Q MWOGPVGPOCRRG KP GVYCU XGTDNCUUVGO DQTFGCWZTQVGO 5COV VNY IGRT·IV OKV IQNFHCTDGP IGRT·IVGO UQIGP -NGKPGO -CKUGTNKEJ ¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJGP 9CRRGP XQP DKU OKV CPJ·PIGPFGT 5KGIGNMCRUGN KP XGTIQNFGVGT $TQP\G QJPG 9CRRGP CWH FGO -CRUGNFGEMGN OKV KPNKGIGPFGO ITQ­GP /CLGUV·VU 5KGIGN -CKUGT (TCP\ ,QUGRJU XQP DKU KP TQVGO 5KGIGNNCEM <WUCOOGP OKV <GTVKHKMCV FGU +PPGPOKPKUVG TKWOU FCVKGTV CO /CK ªDGTUGPFWPIUUEJTGKDGP FGU - M /KPKUVGTKWOU HÒT .CPFGUXGTVGKFKIWPI QHHK\KGNNGT -QRKG FGU #FGNUDTKGHGU OKV 9CRRGP\GKEJPWPI CWUIGHGTVKIV 9KGP CO /CK OKV 2CRKGTUKGIGN WPF ªDGTUGPFWPIUUEJTGKDGP FGU 9CRRGPGPVYWTHU FGU 9CRRGPOCNGTU (TKV\ ,WPIKPIGT XQO 0QXGODGT KO QTKIKPCNGP OGVCNNGPGP #WHDGYCJTWPIUMCUVGP ++

-CKUGTNKEJ ¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJGT #FGNUDTKGH HÒT &T 5KIOWPF 4KVVGT XQP $GTPUVGKP (QTOCV Z EO 5GKVGP 2GTICOGPV KP VNY RQN[EJTQO KNNWOKPKGTVGT MCNNKITCRJKUEJGT *CPFUEJTKHV CWH IGUVQEJGPGT 8QT NCIG OKV RQN[EJTQOGT 9CRRGP\GKEJPWPI FCVKGTV 9KGP CO /·T\ OKV 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV -CKUGT (TCP\ ,QUGRJU + WPF FGU ÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJGP +PPGPOKPKUVGTU )TCH 'FWCTF 6CCHHG KP &QMWOGPVGP OCRRG KP XKQNGVV TQVGO 5COV VNY IGRT·IV OKV IQNFHCTDGP IGRT·IVGO UQIGP -NGKPGO -CKUGTNKEJ ¤UVGT TGKEJKUEJGP 9CRRGP XQP DKU OKV CPJ·PIGPFGT 5KGIGNMCRUGN KP XGTIQNFGVGT $TQP\G OKV FGO UQIGP 9CRRGP FGU -CKUGTU CWH FGO -CRUGNFGEMGN OKV KPNKGIGPFGO ITQ­GP /CLGUV·VU 5KGIGN -CKUGT (TCP\ ,QUGRJU XQP DKU KP TQVGO 5KGIGNNCEM <WUCOOGP OKV GKPGO 4GKUGRC­ KP FGWVUEJGT 5RTC EJG HÒT $GTPUVGKP FCVKGTV 2TCI CO #WIWUV GKPGO KP KVCNKGPKUEJGT 5RTCEJG FCVKGTV WPF GKPGO )NÒEMYWPUEJUEJTGKDGP FCVKGTV FKG DGKFGP 2·UUG OKV GTJGDNKEJGP )GDTCWEJUURWTGP UQYKG 2GVUEJCHV OKV FGO 9CRRGP $GTPUVGKPU PCEJ FGT #FGNUUVCPFU 'TJGDWPI OKV \WIGJÌTKIGO #DFTWEM KO 'VWK KO QTKIKPCNGP OGVCNNGPGP #WHDGYCJTWPIUMCUVGP OKV IGNÌUVGO &GEMGN + ++ +++


ÖSTERREICH

1047

1048

-CKUGTNKEJ ¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJGT #FGNUDTKGH HÒT /CZKOKNKCP $CUVN XQP $CUVNKPIGP (QTOCV Z EO 5GKVGP 2GTICOGPV KP VNY RQN[EJTQO KNNWOKPKGTVGT MCNNKITCRJKUEJGT *CPFUEJTKHV CWH IGUVQEJGPGT 8QTNCIG OKV RQN[EJTQOGT 9CRRGP\GKEJPWPI FCVKGTV 9KGP CO /CK OKV 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV -CKUGT (TCP\ ,QUGRJU + WPF FGU ÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJGP +PPGPOKPKUVGTU &T 4KEJCTF (TGKJGTTP XQP $KGPGTVJ KP &QMWOGP VGPOCRRG KP XKQNGVV TQVGO 5COV VNY IGRT·IV OKV IQNFHCTDGP IGRT·IVGO UQIGP -NGKPGO -CKUGTNKEJ ¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJGP 9CRRGP XQP DKU OKV CPJ·PIGPFGT 5KGIGNMCRUGN KP XGTIQNFGVGT $TQP\G QJPG 9CRRGP CWH FGO -CRUGNFGEMGN OKV KPNKGIGPFGO ITQ­GP /CLGUV·VU 5KGIGN -CKUGT (TCP\ ,QUGRJU XQP DKU KP TQVGO 5KGIGNNCEM + ++

-CKUGTNKEJ ¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJGT #FGNUDTKGH HÒT .WFYKI 'FNGP XQP $CUVN (QTOCV Z EO 5GKVGP 2GTICOGPV KP VNY RQN[EJTQO KNNWOKPKGTVGT MCNNKITCRJKUEJGT *CPFUEJTKHV CWH IGUVQEJGPGT 8QTNCIG OKV RQN[EJTQOGT 9CRRGP\GKEJPWPI FCVKGTV 9KGP CO /CK OKV 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV -CKUGT (TCP\ ,QUGRJU + WPF FGU ÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJGP /KPKUVGTRT·UKFGPVGP (TCP\ )TCH 6JWP *QJGPUVGKP KP &QMWOGPVGP OCRRG KP XKQNGVV TQVGO 5COV VNY IGRT·IV OKV IQNFHCTDGP IGRT·IVGO UQIGP -NGKPGO -CKUGTNKEJ ¤UVGT TGKEJKUEJGP 9CRRGP XQP DKU OKV CPJ·PIGPFGT 5KGIGNMCRUGN KP XGTIQNFGVGT $TQP\G QJPG 9CRRGP CWH FGO -CRUGNFGEMGN OKV KPNKGIGPFGO ITQ­GP /CLGUV·VU 5KGIGN -CKUGT (TCP\ ,QUGRJU XQP DKU KP TQVGO 5KGIGNNCEM +O QTKIKPCNGP OGVCNNGPGP #WHDGYCJTWPIUMCUVGP OKV IGNÌUVGO &GEMGN WPF DGUEJ·FKIVGO 8GTUEJNW­ + ++

+O (QNIGPFGP IGNCPIGP GKPG 4GKJG 7TMWPFGP &QMWOGPVG WPF $TKGHG CWU FGO 0CEJNC­ FGU 8K\G #FOKTCNU WPF 1DGTDGHGJNUJCDGTU FGT ÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJGP /CTKPG #OKNECTG 2CWNWEEK /CTEJGUG FGNNG 4QPEQNG \WO #WHTWH 9GKVGTG 7TMWPFGP CWU UGKPGO 0CEJNC­ HKPFGP 5KG WPVGT -CV 0T WPF #OKNECTG 2CWNWEEK /CTEJGUG FGNNG 4QPEQNG IGDQTGP KP /QFGPC FKGPVG XQP DKU KP FGT PGCRQNKVCPK UEJGP /CTKPG YQ GT FGP 4CPI GKPGU (TGICVVGPMCRKV·PU GTTGKEJVG YWTFG GT )GPGTCNKPURGMVQT FGT KVCNKGPKUEJGP /CTKPG OKV 5KV\ KP /CKNCPF ÒDGTPCJO GT FCU -QOOCPFQ GKPGU -TKGIU (NQVVGPXGTDCPFGU KP 8GPGFKI 'T \GKEJ PGVG UKEJ DGK #MVKQPGP IGIGP FKG 2KTCVGTKG KO /KVVGNOGGT CWU YWTFG FCDGK UEJYGT XGTYWPFGV WPF IGTKGV KP GPINKUEJG -TKGIUIGHCPIGPUEJCHV &KG ,CJTG XQP DKU XGTDTCEJVG GT KP\YKUEJGP $TKICFGIGPGTCN IGYQTFGP CNU DTKVK UEJGT -TKGIUIGHCPIGPGT CWH /CNVC VTCV GT CNU )GPGTCNOCLQT KP ÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJG &KGPUVG VTCV CDGT DCNF KP FKG /CTKPG ÒDGT 8QP DKU YCT GT -QOOCPFCPV FGT ÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJGP -TKGIUOCTKPG +P FKGUGT 'KIGPUEJCHV XGTDGUUGTVG GT FGP 5KIPCNFKGPUV WPF TGQTICPKUKGTVG FCU #TUGPCN KP 8GPGFKI 8KGNHCEJ CWUIG\GKEJPGV WPF IGGJTV VTCV GT CNU 8K\GCFOKTCN KP FGP 4WJGUVCPF YKMKRGFKC FG #O /·T\ KUV GT KP 2CFWC IGUVQTDGP .CWV FGP KP FKGUGT #WMVKQP CPIGDQVGPGP &QMWOGPVGP YCT 2CWNWEEK W C 4KVVGT FGU PCRQNGQPKUEJGP 1TFGPU FGT 'KUGTPGP -TQPG FGUUGP &GMQTCVKQP IGIGP FKG ÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJG &GMQTCVKQP -NCUUG CWUIGVCWUEJV YWTFG 5KGJG -CV 0T -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\ FGU ÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJGP .GQRQNF 1TFGPU 4KVVGT FGU 2·RUVNKEJGP %JTKUVWU 1TFGPU XGTNKGJGP CO &G\GODGT UKGJG -CV 0T )TQ­MTGW\ FGT /KNKV·TMNCUUG FGU 2·RUVNKEJGP 1TFGPU )TGIQTU FGU )TQ­GP XGTNKGJGP CO ,CPWCT UKGJG -CV 0T )TQ­MTGW\ FGU 5K\KNKCPKUEJGP -ÌPKINKEJGP /KNKV·TKUEJGP 1TFGP FGU JN )GQTI XQP FGT 9KGFGTXGTGKPKIWPI XGTNKGJGP 4KVVGT -NCUUG FGU 5V (GTFKPCPFU 1TFGPU $GKFGT 5K\KNKGP XGTNKGJGP XQT -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\ FGU 1TFGPU (TCPEGUEQU + $GKFGT 5K\NKGP XGTNKGJGP &GU 9GKVGTGP YCT GT W C 'JTGPOKVINKGF FGU #VGPGQ 8GPGVQ KP 8GPGFKI WPF FGT HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP 5QEK¾V¾ )¾P¾TCNG FGU 0CWHTCIGU KP 2CTKU -CKUGTNKEJGU 2CVGPV \WO )GPGTCNOCLQT HÒT FGP GJGOCNKIGP KVCNKGPKUEJGP $TKICFGIGPGTCN #OKNCECTG /CTEJGUG 2CWNWEEK )TQ­HQTOCVKIG 2CRKGTWTMWPFG KP FGWVUEJGT 5RTCEJG KP MCNNKITCRJKUEJGT *CPF UEJTKHV FCVKGTV 9KGP CO ,WNK OKV 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV -CKUGT (TCP\ + XQP ¤UVGTTGKEJ TGI UGKV D\Y OKV )TQ­GO /CLGUV·VU 5KGIGN -CKUGT (TCP\ + XQP DKU KP 2CRKGT OGJTHCEJ IGHCNVGV CP FGP -TGW\WPIUUVGNNGP GVYCU GKPIGTKUUGP 44 ++

9GKVGTG &QMWOGPVG CWU 2CWNWEEKU 0CEJNC­ HKPFGP 5KG WPVGT -CV 0T WPF 309


ÖSTERREICH

1050

-CKUGTNKEJG 'TPGPPWPIUWTMWPFG \WO 1DGTDGHGJNUJCDGT FGT ÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJGP /CTKPG KO /KVVGNOGGT HÒT )GPGTCNOCLQT #OKNECTG /CTEJGUG 2CWNWEEK )TQ­G 2GTICOGPVWTMWPFG KP KVCNKGPKUEJGT 5RTCEJG KP MCNNKITCRJKUEJGT *CPFUEJTKHV FCVKGTV .WDKCPC CO (GDTWCT OKV 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV -CKUGT (TCP\ + XQP ¤UVGTTGKEJ OKV CPJ·PIGPFGT JÌN\GTPGT 5KGIGNMCRUGN OKV KPNKGIGPFGO )TQ­GO /CLGUV·VU 5KGIGN -CKUGT (TCP\ + XQP DKU OKV GVYCU DGUEJ·FKIVGP -QTFGNP 44 ++

9GKVGTG &QMWOGPVG CWU 2CWNWEEKU 0CEJNC­ HKPFGP 5KG WPVGT -CV 0T WPF

1051

-CKUGTNKEJG 'TPGPPWPIUWTMWPFG \WO $GHGJNUJCDGT GKPGU (NQVVGPXGTDCPFGU HÒT FGP )GPGTCNOCLQT WPF 1DGTDGHGJNUJCDGT FGT ÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJGP /CTKPG #OKNECTG 2CWNWEEK /CTEJGUG FGNNG 4QPEQNG )TQ­G 2GTICOGPVWTMWPFG KP KVCNKGPKUEJGT 5RTCEJG KP MCNNKITCRJKUEJGT *CPFUEJTKHV FCVKGTV 9KGP CO /·T\ OKV 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV -CKUGT (TCP\ + XQP ¤UVGTTGKEJ OKV CPJ·PIGPFGT JÌN\GTPGT 5KGIGN MCRUGN OKV KPNKGIGPFGO )TQ­GO /CLGUV·VU 5KGIGN -CKUGT (TCP\ + XQP DKU OKV GVYCU DGUEJ· FKIVGP -QTFGNP 44 ++ 9GKVGTG &QMWOGPVG CWU 2CWNWEEKU 0CEJNC­ HKPFGP 5KG WPVGT -CV 0T WPF

310


ÖSTERREICH

1049

1054 (1:1)

1052

Kaiserliches Patent zum "Vice-Admiral (Feldmarschallieutenant)" für Hamilcar Marquis Paulucci. )TQ­HQTOCVKIG 2CRKGTWTMWPFG KP FGWVUEJGT 5RTCEJG KP MCNNKITCRJKUEJGT *CPFUEJTKHV FCVKGTV 9KGP CO ,CPWCT OKV 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV -CKUGT (TCP\ + XQP ¤UVGTTGKEJ OKV )TQ­GO /CLGUV·VU 5KGIGN -CKUGT (TCP\ + XQP DKU KP 2CRKGT OGJTHCEJ IGHCNVGV CP FGP -TGW\WPIUUVGNNGP GVYCU GKPIG TKUUGP RR ++

Weitere Dokumente aus Pauluccis Nachlaß finden Sie unter Kat.-Nr. 1005, 1049, 1050, 1051, 1053, 1467 und 1473

Umfangreiches Konvolut von ca. 130 Urkunden, Dokumenten Briefen, Abschriften, Dekreten, Rapporten, Dienst-Aufstellungen, Entwürfen, Notizen usw. #WU FGP ,CJTGP XQP DKU QHV OGJTUGKVKI KPUIGUCOV YQJN ÒDGT 5GKVGP XQTYKGIGPF KP *CPFUEJTKHV VNY IWV NGUDCT KP FGWVUEJGT KVCNKGPKUEJGT WPF HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT 5RTCEJG W C XKGT $TKGHG 'T\JGT\QI %CTNU XQP ¤UVGTTGKEJ 6GUEJGP 7PVGTNCIGP ÒDGT FKG 4QNNG FGT ÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJGP (NQVVG KP KO ITKGEJKUEJGP 7PCDJ·PIKIMGKVUMTKGI 5EJTKHVXGTMGJT \W 1TFGPUXGTNGKJWPIGP 2CWNWEEKU 6GUVCOGPV WPF 7PVGTNCIGP ÒDGT UGKPGP 0CEJNC­ GKP UEJNKG­NKEJ WOHCPITGKEJGT 8GTOÌIGPUCWHUVGNNWPIGP <CJNTGKEJG &QMWOGPVG OKV 5VGWGTUVGORGNP WPF 5KGIGNP VNY OKV 7PVGTUEJTKHVGP PCOJCHVGT 2GTUÌPNKEJMGKVGP VGKNU GKP QFGT OGJTHCEJ IGHCNVGV XQTYKG IGPF KP QTFGPVNKEJGO <WUVCPF <WO <GKVRWPMV FGT $GCTDGKVWPI UQTVKGTV KP EJTQPQNQIKUEJGT 4GKJGPHQNIG RR ++ ++ +++ +++ &KGUGT WOHCPITGKEJG DKUJGT WPGTHQTUEJVG 0CEJNC­ GKPGT DGFGWVGPFGP 2GTUÌPNKEJMGKV FGT ÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJGP /CTKPG FGT 'TUVGP *·NHVG FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU FÒTHVG OKV 5KEJGTJGKV \CJNTGKEJG DKUJGT WPDGMCPPVG &GVCKNU \WT /CTKPGIGUEJKEJVG FGT &QPCWOQPCTEJKG KO /KVVGNOGGT DKGVGP 8QP JÌEJUVGO +PVGTGUUG PKEJV PWT HÒT GKPGP ÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJGP /CTKPGJKU VQTKMGT UQPFGTP CWEJ HÒT #WVQITCRJGP 5COONGT

Weitere einzelne Dokumente aus Pauluccis Nachlaß finden Sie unter Kat.-Nr. 1005, 1049, 1050, 1051, 1052, 1467

und 1473

GROSSPRIORAT BÖHMEN UND ÖSTERREICH BZW. ÖSTERREICH DES SOUVERÄNEN MALTESER RITTERORDENS

Ordensinsignien (mit Doppeladlern zwischen den Kreuzarmen). WPF /QFGNN UGKV -NCUUG )TCF -TGW\ FGT /CIKUVTCN 1DÌFKGP\ -CRN·PG DKU D\Y /CIKUVTCN -CRN·PG UGKV 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV KO $CPFTKPI *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G (4 FGT (KTOC 4QVJG KP 9KGP WPF \YGK 9KGPGT #OVURWP\GP # CO &TGKGEMUDCPF <- R ++

311


ÖSTERREICH

1055 (1:3)

1056

14&'0 &'4 &'765%*'0 $4ª&'4 &'5 *152+6#.5 705'4'4 .+'$'0 (4#7 <7 ,'475#.'/ $<9 *1*'4 &'765%*'4 4+66'414&'0

1TFGPUKPUKIPKGP 5VQHHMTGW\ FGT 4KVVGT HÒT FGP 4QEM Z OO YQJN NGV\VGU 8KGTVGN FGU ,CJT JWPFGTVU 5KNDGTIGYGDG OKV -QTFGN $QTFÒTGP UEJYCT\GT (KN\ FKGUGT VNY YQJN FWTEJ /QVVGPHTC­ XGT UEJYWPFGP CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG 4GUVG FGU #DFGEMRCRKGTU WPF CNVGU 'VKMGVV OKV 0T 44 +++ 5QNEJG $TWUVMTGW\G FKG CNU 8QTN·WHGT FGT OGVCNNGPGP 2TQHG­MTGW\G CP\WUGJGP UKPF YWTFGP XQP FGP 1TFGPUTKVVGTP EC XQO $GIKPP FGU \YGKVGP &TKVVGNU FGU DKU EC \WO 'PFG FGU GTUVGP &TKVVGNU FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU UQYQJN CWH FGO OKNKV·TKUEJGP 7PKHQTOTQEM CNU CWEJ CWH FGO <KXKNTQEM CWH FGT NKPMGP $TWUVUGKVG IGVTCIGP YKG FWTEJ \CJNTGKEJG 2QTVTCKVU FKGUGU <GKVTCWOU DGNGIV KUV XIN \ $ #&1 5 #DD +++ WPF 5 +8 D WPF E #WHITWPF FGU UVGVKIGP 6TCIGPU WPF FGT FCOKV XGTDWPFGPGP #DPWV\WPI YKG CWEJ CWHITWPF FGU 7OUVCPFGU FC­ FKG 1TFGPUTKVVGT QHV KP KJTGT 7PKHQTO QFGT OKV KJTGO 4QEM DGMNGKFGV \W )TCDG IGVTCIGP YWTFGP UKPF FKGUG $TWUVMTGW\G XQP CNNGTITÌ­VGT 5GNVGPJGKV

/CTKCPGTMTGW\ $TWUVMTGW\ 5KNDGT -TGW\EJGP KO #XGTU /GFCKNNQP )QNF GOCKNNKGTV KP FGT ¤UG *GT UVGNNGTRWP\G %4 WPF 2WP\G HÒT GT 5KNDGT XQP DKU &KCPCMQRH CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP &TGKGEMUDCPF $9- <- + ++

1057 (1:1) 1058 (1:1)

-#2+6'.5&'-14#6+10'0 70& -+4%*.+%*' #75<'+%*070)'0

'JTGP\GKEJGP FGT 6KTQNGT #FGNUOCVTKMGN /QFGNN OKV /QPQITCOO ( + ņ UGKV ·NVGTG #WU HÒJTWPI Z OO )QNF HGKPUV HNKPMKGTV ITCXKGTV WPF GOCKNNKGTV I 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK KO *GNO CNVG 'OCKNNGTGRCTCVWT CO UR·VGTGP *CNUDCPF $9- 4 ++ 3WCNKVCVKX JGTXQTTCIGPFG #PHGTVKIWPI CWU FGT /KVVG FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU KP QRVKOCNGT 'TJCNVWPIUSWCNKV·V XQP ITQ­GT 5GNVGPJGKV 'KP KFGPVKUEJGU 'ZGORNCT KUV DGK 5VQN\GT WPF 5VGGD KP 55 6CHGN 0T CDIGDKNFGV

&GMQTCVKQP FGU #FGNKIGP (T·WNGKPUVKHVU /CTKC 5EJWN KP $TÒPP )QNFGPG &GMQTCVKQP HÒT CFGNKIG 5VKHVU FCOGP )QNF VNY GOCKNNKGTV I HGKPUVG 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK CP QTKIKPCNGT CNVGT &COGPUEJNGKHG \WUCO OGP OKV OO DTGKVGO WPF EO NCPIGO WPMQPHGMVKQPKGTVGO QTKIKPCNGO CNVGO GVYCU XGTHNGEMVGO 5EJWNVGTDCPF #DUEJPKVV 55 XCT 44 + ++ &CU CO ,CPWCT IGITÒPFGVG 5VKHV \WT 'T\KGJWPI CFNKIGT (T·WNGKP CWU $ÌJOGP /·JTGP WPF 5EJNGUKGP FGO GKPG 1DGTUVKHVUHTCW XQTUVCPF XGTHÒIVG ÒDGT CFNKIG 5VKHVUUVGNNGP FGTGP +PJCDGTKPPGP FKG 5VKHVUFGMQTCVKQP KP )QNF VTWIGP WPF HÒPHFTGK­KI YGKVGTG 5VGNNGP HÒT DÒTIGTNKEJG &COGP FKG FKG 5VKHVUFGMQTCVKQP KP 5KNDGT VTWIGP 8IN CWEJ )& 5 HH

312


ÖSTERREICH

1059

-12+'0 70& 5#//.'4#0('46+)70)'0

/KNKV·T /CTKC 6JGTGUKGP 1TFGP 5COONGTCPHGTVKIWPI =EQR[ UGV? GKPGU )TQ­MTGW\ 5GVU DGUVGJGPF CWU 5COONGTCPHGTVKIWPI FGU -NGKPQFU 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO 5EJWNVGTDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT VNY DTKNNCPVKGTV WPF TGRGTEKGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN $GKFG 5VÒEMG QJPG *GT UVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPIGP ++ *GTXQTTCIGPFG 'TUCV\CPHGTVKIWPI YQJN CWU FGP GT ,CJTGP HÒT GKP KO 1TKIKPCN PKEJV DGUEJCHHDCTGU 5GV

1060

1061

'NKUCDGVJ 1TFGP 5COONGTCPHGTVKIWPI =EQR[? FGU -NGKPQFU \WO )TQ­MTGW\ 5KNDGT GOCKNNKGTV HGKPUVG 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK CO 5EJWNVGTDCPF ++ *GTXQTTCIGPFG 'TUCV\CPHGTVKIWPI YQJN CWU FGP GT ,CJTGP

'456' 4'27$.+-

'JTGP\GKEJGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FKG 4GRWDNKM ¤UVGTTGKEJ D\Y ¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJGT 8GT FKGPUVQTFGP /QFGNN DKU D\Y $TWUVUVGTP #WUHÒJTWPI \WO )TQ ­GP )QNFGPGP 'JTGP\GKEJGP CO $CPFG D\Y \WO )TQ­MTGW\ -NCUUG 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV WPF TGRGTEKGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV QDGTHN·EJNKEJGT 'OCKNNG %JKR CWH FGO NKPMGP -TGW\CTO CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC % ( 4QVJG 0GHHG KP 9KGP CP 0CFGN $9- D\Y <- 4 ++ .CWV 5EJOKFV KP 54 5 KUV FCU )TQ­G )QNFGPG 'JTGP\GKEJGP CO $CPFG \YKUEJGP WPF CP ¤UVGT TGKEJGT WPF CP #WUN·PFGT FCU )TQ­MTGW\ -NCUUG \YKUEJGP WPF CP ¤UVGTTGKEJGT WPF CP #WU N·PFGT CNUQ KPUIGUCOV PWT /CN XGTNKGJGP YQTFGP 0CEJFGO OKV )GUGV\ XQO #RTKN XGTÌHHGPVNKEJV KO 5VCCVU )GUGV\DNCVV 0T CNNG YGNVNKEJGP 4KVVGT WPF &COGPQTFGP FGU -CKUGTTGKEJU CWHIGJQDGP YQTFGP YCTGP YWTFG FCU 'JTGP\GKEJGP CO 0QXGODGT XQO ¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJGP 0CVKQPCNTCV RGT )GUGV\ XGTÌHHGPVNKEJV KO $WPFGUIGUGV\DNCVV 0T XQP IGUVKHVGV FCU 5VCVWV XQO (GDTWCT YWTFG KO $WPFGUIGUGV\DNCVV 0T XQP XGTÌHHGPVNKEJV #O /·T\ GTNKG­ FKG ÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJG $WPFGUTGIKGTWPI GKPG 8GTQTFPWPI ÒDGT GKP PGWGU 5VCVWV XGTÌHHGPVNKEJV KO $WPFGUIGUGV\DNCVV 0T XQP &KGUGO \WHQNIG YWTFG FCU 'JTGP\GKEJGP KP )TCFGP )TQ­UVGTP )TQ­GU )QNFGPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP CO $CPFG )TQ­GU )QNFGPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP OKV FGO 5VGTP )TQ­GU )QNFGPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP )TQ­GU 5KNDGTPGU 'JTGP\GK EJGP )QNFGPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP 5KNDGTPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP )QNFGPG /GFCKNNG )TQ­G 5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG WPF 5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG XGTNKGJGP /KV 8GTQTFPWPI FGT $WPFGUTGIKGTWPI XQO #RTKN XGTÌHHGPVNKEJV KO $WPFGUIGUGV\DNCVV 0T XQP YWTFG FGP $TWUVUVGTPGP GKPG PGWG OGJT VTCFKVKQPGNNG (QTO IGIGDGP #WUICDG WPF OKV 8GTQTFPWPI FGT $WPFGUTGIKGTWPI XQO 1MVQDGT XGTÌHHGPVNKEJV KO $WPFGUIGUGV\DNCVV 0T XQP GTJKGNV CWEJ FCU )TQ­G 5KNDGTPG 'JTGP\GKEJGP GKPG PGWG )GUVCNVWPI #WUICDG /KV 8GTQTFPWPI FGT $WPFGUTGIKG TWPI XQO /CK XGTÌHHGPVNKEJV KO $WPFGUIGUGV\DNCVV 0T XQP YWTFGP FTGK YGKVGTG )TCFG IGUEJCH HGP )TQ­GU 'JTGP\GKEJGP CO $CPFG )TQ­GU 'JTGP\GKEJGP OKV FGO 5VGTP WPF ITQ­GU 5KNDGTPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP

313


ÖSTERREICH YQDGK FCU DKUJGTKIG )TQ­G 'JTGP\GKEJGP CNUQ FKG 5VGEMFGMQTCVKQP KP )TQ­GU 5KNDGTPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP WODGPCPPV YWTFG WPF FGUUGP $G\GKEJPWPI GKP PGWGT )TCF IGIGDGP YWTFG /KV 8GTQTFPWPI XQO ,WPK XGTÌHHGPVNKEJV KO $WPFGUIGUGV\DNCVV 0T XQP UEJWH FKG $WPFGUTGIKGTWPI YGKVGTG FTGK )TCFG )QNFGPGU 8GTFKGPUV\GKEJGP 5KNDGTPGU 8GTFKGPUV\GKEJGP WPF FKG $TQP\GPG /GFCKNNG /KV 8GTQTFPWPI FGT $WPFGUTGIKGTWPI XQO /·T\

XGTÌHHGPVNKEJV KO $WPFGUIGUGV\DNCVV 0T XQP YWTFGP PWP CNNG FKGUG 'TI·P\WPIGP \W GKPGO PGWGP 5VCVWV \WUCOOGPIGHCUUV 0CEJFGO OKV FGT PGWGP 8GTHCUUWPI XQO /CK ¤UVGTTGKEJ \WO $WPFGUUVCCV CWEJ CNU 5V·PFGUVCCV DG\GKEJ PGV IGYQTFGP YCT UVKHVGVG FKG $WPFGUTGIKGTWPI CO 5GRVGODGT FGP ¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJGP 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP UQYKG FKG FKGUGO CHHKNKKGTVGP ¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJGP 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\G WPF ¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJGP 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNGP WPVGT #WHJGDWPI FGU DKUJGTKIGP 'JTGP\GKEJGPU HÒT 8GTFKGPUV WO FKG 4GRWDNKM ¤UVGTTGKEJ &GT PGWG 1TFGP JCVVG KPUIGUCOV -NCUUGP

)TQ­UVGTP )TQ­MTGW\ -NCUUG WPF )TQ­MTGW\ -QOVWTMTGW\ OKV FGO 5VGTP WPF -QOVWTMTGW\ OKV FGO 5VGTP -QOVWTMTGW\ -NCUUG WPF -QOVWTMTGW\ 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\ 4KVVGTMTGW\ -NCUUG WPF 4KVVGTMTGW\ FCU 8GTFKGPUV\GK EJGP \YGK )QNFGPGU WPF 5KNDGTPGU 8GTFKGPUV\GKEJGP WPF FKG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG XKGT -NCUUGP )QNFGPG )TQ­G 5KNDGTPG 5KNDGTPG WPF $TQP\GPG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG &KG )GUVCNVWPI FGT +PUKIPKGP FGU PGWGP 1TFGPU GPVURTCEJ FGT FGU DKUJGTKIGP 'JTGP\GKEJGPU /KV 8GTQTFPWPI FGT $WPFGUTGIKGTWPI XQO #WIWUV XGTÌHHGPVNKEJV KO $WP FGUIGUGV\DNCVV 0T XQP YWTFG UEJNKG­NKEJ PQEJ ÒDGT FGO )TQ­MTGW\ -NCUUG FKG -NCUUG FGU )TQ­MTGW\GU -NCUUG OKV FGO #FNGT GKPIGHÒIV /KV FGO UQIGP #PUEJNW­ ¤UVGTTGKEJU CP FCU &GWVUEJG 4GKEJ CO /·T\ YWTFGP FKG 8GTNGKJWPIGP FGU ¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJGP 8GTFKGPUVQTFGPU FGU ¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJGP 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\GU WPF FGT ¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJGP 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG GKPIGUVGNNV +O PGWGP )TQ­FGWVUEJGP 4GKEJ YCT FCU 6TCIGP U·OVNKEJGT +PUKIPKGP UQYQJN FGU 'JTGP\GKEJGPU HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FKG 4GRWDNKM ¤UVGTTGKEJ YKG CWEJ FGU ¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJGP 8GTFKGPUVQTFGPU FGU ¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJGP 8GTFKGPUV\GKEJGPU WPF FGT ¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJGP 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG IGPGTGNN XGTDQVGP

1062

1063 ex 1064

1065

'JTGP\GKEJGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FKG 4GRWDNKM ¤UVGTTGKEJ /QFGNN DKU D\Y )TQ­GU 5KNDGTPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP #WUHÒJTWPI CD $WPVOGVCNN XGTUKNDGTV WPF GOCKN NKGTV CP 0CFGN FKGUG OKV *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC 5QWXCN KP 9KGP KO QTKIKPCNGP YGK­ DG FTWEMVGP 'JTGP\GKEJGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK XQP 5QWXCN $9- <- + ++

'JTGP\GKEJGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FKG 4GRWDNKM ¤UVGTTGKEJ /QFGNN DKU )TQ­G 5KNDGTPG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG #WUHÒJTWPI $WPVOGVCNN XGTUKNDGTV OGJTGTG 4CPF FGNNGP CO QTKIKPCNGP &TGKGEMUDCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP YGK­ DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK $9- <- ++ +++

<9'+6' 4'27$.+- 5'+6

'JTGP\GKEJGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FKG 4GRWDNKM ¤UVGTTGKEJ /QFGNN UGKV 5GV FGU )TQ­GP IQNFGPGP 'JTGP\GKEJGPU OKV FGO 5VGTP DGUVGJGPF CWU )TQ­GU IQNFGPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP $WPVOGVCNN XGT IQNFGV CO QTKIKPCNGP MQPHGMVKQPKGTVGP *CNUDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT #WHNCIG $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV VNY GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC #PVQP 4GKVVGTGT KP 9KGP CP 0CFGN FKGUG OKV *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G #4 XQP #PVQP 4GKVVGTGT GT 5KNDGTRWP\G WPF 2WP\G HÒT GT 5KNDGT UGKV 9KGFGJQRHMQRH \WUCOOGP OKV -PQRHNQEJ 4QUGVVG OKV IQNF WPF UKNDGTHCTDGPGT .KV\G KO QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK XQP #PVQP 4GKVVGTGT <- ++ +P FKGUGT HTÒJGP #WUHÒJTWPI OKV GEJV UKNDGTPGO 5VGTPMQTRWU PKEJV J·WHKI ņ #O #RTKN UVKHVGVG FGT ¤UVGTTGK EJKUEJG 0CVKQPCNTCV OKV )GUGV\ FCU 'JTGP\GKEJGP PCEJ FGO 8QTDKNF FGT 'TUVGP 4GRWDNKM 'U WOHCUUV KPUIGUCOV 5VWHGP GKPUEJNKG­NKEJ GKPGU \YGKUVWHKIGP 8GTFKGPUV\GKEJGPU WPF GKPGT FTGKUVWHKIGP /GFCKNNG

314

'JTGP\GKEJGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FKG 4GRWDNKM ¤UVGTTGKEJ /QFGNN UGKV )TQ­GU 5KNDGTPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP *CNUMTGW\ $WPVOGVCNN XGTUKNDGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP MQPHGMVKQPKGTVGP *CNUDCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC 9QNHICPI 4GKVVGTGT KP 9KGP <- +


POLEN

1066 (1:1)

-¤0+)4'+%* $+5

21.'0

1TFGP XQO 9GK­GP #FNGT =1TFGT 1TlC $KClGIQ? )TÌ­GPTGFW\KGTVGT IGUVKEMVGT $TWUVUVGTP &WTEJOGU UGT OO 6[R OKV GKPHNCOOKIGP (GWGTUVTCJNGP \YKUEJGP FGP -TGW\CTOGP 5KNDGT WPF )QNFNCCP 5VKEMGTGK 5KNDGTRCKNNGVVGP GVYCU IGFWPMGNV FKG OGKUVGP 5EJNCWHGP \WO #PP·JGP XQTJCPFGP TÒEMUGKVKI OKV #DFGEMNGFGT <- ++ +++ 5GJT ·JPNKEJG VNY ITÌ­GPTGFW\KGTVG 'ZGORNCTG CWU FGO 0CEJNCU XQP -ÌPKI 5VCPKUNCWU ++ #WIWUV 2QPKCVQYUMK

FKG XQP FGT (KTOC 'UVTGKEJ KP 5VTCUDWTI CPIGHGTVKIV YQTFGP UKPF WPF FKG UKEJ JGWVG KP FGT 'TOKVCIG KP 5V 2GVGTUDWTI WPF KO *KUVQTKUEJGP /WUGWO KP /QUMCW DGHKPFGP UKPF DGK 5\E\GEKPC $GTMCP WPF ,G\KQTQYUMK KP 5<% 5 H 0T CDIGDKNFGV WPF KP FGUUGP 4GIKGTWPIU\GKV \YKUEJGP WPF FCVKGTV

1067 (1:1)

1TFGP XQO 9GK­GP #FNGT =1TFGT 1TlC $KClGIQ? )GUVKEMVGT $TWUVUVGTP &WTEJOGUUGT OO 6[R OKV OGJTHNCOOKIGP (GWGTUVTCJNGP \YKUEJGP FGP -TGW\CTOGP 5KNDGT WPF )QNFNCCP )QNFRCKNNGVVGP

5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV 5VKEMGTGK 5KNDGTDNGEJ GVYCU GKPIGFGNNV GVYCU IGFWPMGNV FKG OGKUVGP 5EJNCWHGP \WO #PP·JGP HGJNGP TÒEMUGKVKI OKV #DFGEMNGFGT <- ++ 'KP UGJT ·JPNKEJGU 'ZGORNCT CWU FGO 0CEJNCU XQP -ÌPKI 5VCPKUNCWU ++ #WIWUV 2QPKCVQYUMK FCU UKEJ JGWVG KP FGT 'TOKVCIG KP 5V 2GVGTUDWTI DGHKPFGV KUV DGK 5\E\GEKPC $GTMCP WPF ,G\KQTQYUMK KP 5<% 5 0T CDIGDKNFGV WPF KP FGUUGP 4GIKGTWPIU\GKV \YKUEJGP WPF FCVKGTV

315


POLEN

1069

1068 (1:1) 1070

/GFCKNNG 8KTVWVK /KNKVCTKŌ /QFGNN WPIGJGPMGNVG UR·VGTG 0CEJRT·IWPI =NCVGT OCPWHCEVWTKPI? FGT 5KNDGTPGP /GFCKNNG Z OO 5KNDGT I + ++ .CWV 5VGNC KP UGKPGO UQGDGP GTUEJKGPGPGP $CPF ÒDGT FKG RQNPKUEJGP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP 56. 5 H JCPFGNV GU UKEJ JKGTDGK PKEJV WO GKPG FGT \YKUEJGP FGO ,WPK WPF FGO #WIWUV IGRT·IVGP 5KNDGTPGP /GFCKNNGP UQPFGTP WO GKPG OKV GKPGO XQP ,QUGRJ /CLPGTV IGD FGO .GKVGT FGT 9CTUEJCWGT /ÒP\G PGW IGUEJPKVVGPGP 5VGORGN JGTIGUVGNNVG 0CEJRT·IWPI #WHITWPF OKP 5VGORGNWPVGTUEJKGFG YKTF FKGUG #WUICDG KP FGT RQNPKUEJGP .KVG TCVWT WPTKEJVKIGTYGKUG QHV CNU \GKVIGPÌUUKUEJG 2T·IWPI FGU 5VGORGNU DG\GKEJPGV #O /CK JCVVG FGT UQIGP 8KGTL·JTKIG 5GLO FCU RQNPKUEJG 2CTNCOGPV OKV <WUVKOOWPI XQP -ÌPKI 5VC PKUlCY ++ #WIWUV GKPG HÒT FKG FCOCNKIG <GKV ÒDGTCWU OQFGTPG 8GTHCUUWPI GTNCUUGP &C UKEJ FGT RQNPKUEJG YKG CWEJ FGT NKVCWKUEJG #FGN JKGTFWTEJ KP UGKPGP CPIGUVCOOVGP 4GEJVGP DGFTQJV UCJ HQTOKGTVG UKEJ JGHVKIGT 9KFGTUVCPF FGT UKEJ KP GKPGT &GNGICVKQP OKV FGT $KVVG WO 7PVGTUVÒV\WPI CP FKG TWUUKUEJG <CTKP -CVJCTKPC ++ YCPFVG 7PVGT KJTGO 2CVTQPCV HQTOKGTVG UKEJ CO #RTKN GKPG -QPHÌFGTCVKQP KO $ÒPFPKU OKV FGO 4WUUKUEJGP 4GKEJ FKG CO /CK KP 6CTIQYKEC KP FGT 7MTCKPG XGTMÒPFGV YWTFG +P GKPGT CO FGUUGNDGP /QPCVU FGO RQNPKUEJGP -ÌPKI KP 9CTUEJCW XQTIGVTCIGPGP &GMNCTCVKQP -CVJCTKPCU YWTFG FGT -TKGIU\WUVCPF \YKUEJGP 4W­NCPF WPF 2QNGP GTMN·TV &C UKEJ FKG RQNPKUEJGP 6TWRRGP GKPGT FGWVNKEJGP ªDGTOCEJV CP TWUUKUEJGP IGIGPÒDGT IGUVGNNV UCJGP UEJNWI )GPG TCNNGWVPCPV (ÒTUV ,É\GH #PVQPK 2QPKCVQYUMK 0GHHG FGU -ÌPKIU WPF -QOOCPFGWT FGT RQNPKUEJGP 6TWRRGP KP FGT 7MTCKPG FGO -ÌPKI XQT GKPG OKNKV·TKUEJG #WU\GKEJPWPI \W UVKHVGP WO FGP -CORHIGKUV \W UVGKIGTP WPF FKG /QTCN FGT 6TWRRG \W UV·TMGP .WE\CM *[NC 0CEJFGO FKGUGT 8QTUEJNCI FKG $KNNKIWPI FGU -ÌPKIU GTHCJTGP JCVVG YWTFGP KP FGT <GKV \YKUEJGP FGO ,WPK WPF FGO #WIWUV KPUIGUCOV )QNFGPG HÒT 1HHK\KGTG WPF 5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNGP HÒT 7PVGTQHHK\KGTG WPF /CPPUEJCHVGP HÒT OKNKV·TKUEJG -TKGIUXGTFKGPUVG IGRT·IV /QFGNN &KG ITQ­G $GUQPFGTJGKV FKGUGT #WU\GKEJPWPI KUV KP FGO 7OUVCPF DGITÒPFGV FC­ JKGT \WO GTUVGP /CN KP FGT )G UEJKEJVG FGU #WU\GKEJPWPIUYGUGPU 1HHK\KGTG WPF 7PVGTQHHK\KGTG D\Y /CPPUEJCHVGP FKG INGKEJG #WU\GKEJPWPI GT JCNVGP UQNNVGP WPF CWEJ GTJKGNVGP YGPP CWEJ KP WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGT /GVCNN #WUHÒJTWPI WPF FKGU ,CJTG XQT 'T TKEJVWPI FGT HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP 'JTGPNGIKQP D\Y ,CJTG XQT #WUICDG XQP FGTGP GTUVGP +PUKIPKGP FKG IGOGKPJKP CNU GKIGPVNKEJGU /QFGNN HÒT GKPG &GOQMTCVKUKGTWPI KP FGP 6TWRRGP IKNV YCU FKG 7PVGTUEJKGFG DGK 'JTWPIGP XQP 1HHK \KGTGP WPF 7PVGTQHHK\KGTGP D\Y /CPPUEJCHVGP CPIGJV &KGU XGTFGWVNKEJV YKG UGJT FCU )GFCPMGPIWV FGT #WHMN·TWPI WPF FGT HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP 4GXQNWVKQP CWEJ WPF IGTCFG KP 2QNGP UEJQP CNNIGIGPY·TVKI YCT WPF YKG OCP FQTV XGTUWEJVG FKGUG 2TKP\KRKGP CWEJ KP FKG 4GCNKV·V WO\WUGV\GP 0CEJ FGT HÒT FKG RQNPKUEJG 5GKVG UKGITGKEJGP 5EJNCEJV XQP <KGNGPKEG CO ,WPK UCPFVG -ÌPKI 5VCPKUlCY ++ #WIWUV CO ,WPK \WUCOOGP OKV GKPGO 5EJTGKDGP )QNFGPG WPF 5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNGP CP (ÒTUV 2QPKCVQYUMK KP 1UVTQI FKG CO ,WPK \WT 8GTNGKJWPI MCOGP

8IN CWEJ $KIQU\GYUMC 9CPFC &¾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

'456' 4'27$.+-

7PCDJ·PIKIMGKVU -TGW\ =-T\[y 0KGRQFNGIpQĚEK? -TGW\ $TQP\G GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK $)( 5 HH ++

1TFGP 2QNQPKC 4GUVKVWVC =1TFGT 1FTQF\GPKC 2QNUMK? /QFGNN OKV ,CJTGU\CJN ņ -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\ #WUHÒJTWPI $WPVOGVCNN $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP *CNUDCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK $)( 5 HH <- ++ &GT HÒPHMNCUUKIG 1TFGP KUV CO (GDTWCT FWTEJ FGP 5GLO FCU RQNPKUEJG 2CTNCOGPV CNU \WP·EJUV XKGTMNCUUKIGT CD HÒPHMNCUUKIGT CNNIGOGKPGT 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP IGUVKHVGV YQTFGP 9·JTGPF FGU <YGKVGP 9GNVMTKGIGU WPF FCTÒDGT JKPCWU DKU \WO &G\GODGT YWTFG GT XQP FGT RQNPKUEJGP 'ZKNTGIKGTWPI KP .QPFQP YGKVGTXGTNKGJGP .CWV $KIQU\GYUMC KP $)( 5 YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF KPUIGUCOV -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\G XGTNKGJGP

316


POLEN

1071 (1:1)

-TKGIU 1TFGP 8KTVWVK /KNKVCTK =1TFGT 9QLUMQYGIQ 8KTVWVK /KNKVCTK ? /QFGNN #WUHÒJTWPI -TGW\ -NCUUG #WUICDG QJPG 8GTNGKJWPIUPWOOGT IGVTCIGPGU 'ZGORNCT $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV FKG 8GTIQNFWPI VNY DGTKGDGP VTCIGDGFKPIV DGUQPFGTU CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG QJPG *CNUDCPF #PIGDQVGP OKV 'ZRGTVKUG XQP 5 5 .GYKP XQO 5VCCVNKEJGP *KUVQTKUEJGP /WUGWO KP /QUMCW XQO (GDTWCT <. 444 ++ .CWV 9GUQNQYUMK KP 98/ 5 WPF 5 YWTFGP \YKUEJGP FGO WPF FGO KPUIGUCOV -TGW\G -NCUUG XGTNKGJGP #WUHÒJTWPI XQP XGTNKGJGP CP RQNPKUEJG )GPGT·NG UQYKG CP FTGK KVCNKGPK UEJG \YGK LCRCPKUEJG GKPGP HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP GKPGP DGNIKUEJGP WPF GKPGP 75 COGTKMCPKUEJGP WPF QJPG RT·\KUG &CVWOUCPICDGP YGKVGTG HÒPH -TGW\G -NCUUG #WUHÒJTWPI XQP ņ FKGUGU /CN CWUUEJNKG­NKEJ CP RQNPKUEJG )GPGT·NG YQDGK NCWV /CVTKMGN LGFGO 'ZGORNCT GKPG 8GTNGKJWPIUPWOOGT \WIGYKGUGP KUV 1D FKGUG LGFQEJ XQT CNNGO DGK FGP 5VÒEMGP FGT \YGKVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUUGTKG CWEJ CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FGT -TGW\G CPIGDTCEJV YQTFGP KUV MQPPVG DKUJGT PQEJ PKEJV IGMN·TV YGTFGP )TWPFU·V\NKEJ KUV QJPGJKP KP (TCIG \W UVGNNGP QD FKG DGK 9GUQNQYUMK KP 98/ CPIGIGDGPGP /CVTKMGNPWOOGTP OKV FGP CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FGT -TGW\G CPIGDTCEJVGP 0WOOGTP ÒDGTGKPUVKO OGP FC DGK KJO HÒT FKG -NCUUG FKG 0WOOGTKGTWPI HÒT FKG GTUVG 8GTNGKJWPIUUGTKG XQP DKU WPF HÒT FKG \YGKVG 8GTNGKJWPIUUGTKG XQP DKU IGJV LGFQEJ DGK ,G\KQTQYUMK KP ,< 5 H 0T GKP \YGKHGNUHTGK QTKIKPCNGU -TGW\ -NCUUG FGT #WUICDG XQP OKV FGT TÒEMUGKVKIGP 8GTNGKJWPIUPWOOGT IG\GKIV WPF DGUEJTKGDGP YKTF &GT 1TFGP 8KTVWVK /KNKVCTK IKNV PGDGP FGO 1TFGP XQO 9GK­GP #FNGT CNU FGT RQNPKUEJG 1TFGP UEJNGEJVJKP )GUVKHVGV \WP·EJUV CNU /GFCKNNG 8KTVWVK /KNKVCTK /QFGNN XQP -ÌPKI 5VCPKUlCY #WIWUV 2QPKCVQYUMK YWTFG YQJN PQEJ KO INGKEJGP ,CJT FGT JKGTCWU JGTXQTIGJGPFG HÒPHMNCUUKIG 1TFGP FGU /KNKV·T -TGW\GU GTTKEJVGV /QFGNN &KG DGKO 1TFGP XQP $GIKPP CP GZKUVKGTGPFG HÒPHMNCUUKIG 'KPVGKNWPI )TQ­MTGW\ -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\ 4KVVGTMTGW\ )QNFGPGU -TGW\ WPF 5KNDGTPGU -TGW\ DGUVGJV DKU JGWVG $GTGKVU YWTFG FGT 1TFGP CWH &TWEM FGT TWUUKUEJGP -CKUGTKP -CVJCTKPC ++ YKGFGT CDIGUEJCHHV 0CEJ )TÒPFWPI FGU *GT\QIVWOU 9CTUEJCW UVKHVGVG *GT\QI (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV CO &G\GODGT FGU INGKEJGP ,CJTGU FGP 1TFGP CNU /KNKV·T 1TFGP FGU *GT\QIVWOU 9CTUEJCW PGW /QFGNN #WH KPVGPUKXGU &T·PIGP FGU TWUUKUEJGP -CKUGTU #NGZCPFGTU + JKP NKG­ *GT\QI (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV XQP 9CTUEJCW OKV &GMTGV XQO (GDTWCT FGP NKVCWKUEJGP 4GKVGT CWH FGO TÒEMUGKVKIGP /GFCKNNQP FWTEJ FKG 9QTVG 4': '6 2#64+# GTUGV\GP /QFGNN &CU CWH FGO 9KGPGT -QPITGUU KP 2GTUQPCNWPKQP OKV 4WUUNCPF GTTKEJVGVG -ÌPKITGKEJ 2QNGP ÒDGTPCJO FGP 1TFGP CNU /KNKV·T 1TFGP 2QNGPU FGT CNU UQNEJGT DKU DGUVCPF /QFGNN 0CEJ FGO HÒT 4WUUNCPF UKGITGKEJGP 'PFG FGU RQNPKUEJ TWUUKUEJGP -TKGIGU KP 4WUUNCPF CNU RQNPKUEJGT #WHUVCPF DG\GKEJPGV YCPFGNVG -CKUGT 0KMQNCWU + CO ,CPWCT FGP 1TFGP KP FCU HÒPHMNCUUKIG 2QNPKUEJG 'JTGP\GKEJGP HÒT -TKGIUXGTFKGPUVG WO FCU CP FKG CWH TWUUKUEJGT 5GKVG M·ORHGPFGP /KNKV·TCPIGJÌTKIGP XGTNKGJGP YWTFG /QFGNN 2QNPKUEJG 2JCNGTKUVKMGT DG VTCEJVGP VGKNYGKUG FKGUGU /QFGNN CNU PKEJV FGO 1TFGP \WIGJÌTKI 0CEJ 9KGFGTGTNCPIGP FGT 7PCDJ·PIKIMGKV GTPGWGTVG FGT 5GLO FCU RQNPKUEJG 2CTNCOGPV FGP /KNKV·T 1TFGP 8KTVWVK /KNKVCTK /QFGNN KP -TKGIU 1TFGP 8KTVWVK /KNKVCTK IG·PFGTV FGT XQP FGT 4GRWDNKM DKU \W KJTGT #PPGZKQP FWTEJ FCU UQIGPCPPVG )TQ­FGWVUEJG 4GKEJ WPF XQP FGT 'ZKNTGIKGTWPI KP .QPFQP /QFGNN DKU GXGPVWGNN CWEJ FCPCEJ XGTNKGJGP YWTFG YWTFG GT XQO 2QNPKUEJGP -QOKVGG FGT 0CVKQPCNGP $GHTGKWPI CNU 1TFGP 8KTVWVK /KNKVCTK ÒDGTPQOOGP /QFGNN WPF UEJNKG­NKEJ KP FKG 8QNMUTGRWDNKM 2QNGP ÒDGTHÒJTV /QFGNN +O /CK DGUV·VKIVG UEJNKG­NKEJ FKG 4GRWDNKM 2QNGP FGP 1TFGP WPF ICD KJO UGKPG (QTO FGT GTUVGP 4GRWDNKM XQP DKU \WTÒEM /QFGNN 8IN CWEJ LWE\CM ,CTQUlCY WPF *[NC 4KEJCTF ' ,CJTG 1TFGP 8KTVWVK /KNKVCTK +P 1TFGP /KNKVCTKC /CIC\KP 0T 5 (KNKRQY -T\[U\VQH 1TFGT 8KTVWVK /KNKVCTK 9CTUEJCW (KNKRQY -T\[U\VQH 1TFGT 8KTVWVK /KNKVCTK 9CTUEJCW 317


POLEN

1073

1072 1074

21.0+5%*' ':+.4')+'470) +0 .10&10

/QPVG %CUUKPQ 'TKPPGTWPIUMTGW\ =-T\[y 2COKCVMQY[ /QPVG %CUUKPQ? 8GTNKGJGPGU 'ZGORNCT $TQP\G CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG OKV 6T·IGTPWOOGT CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF <WUCOOGP OKV 'TKP PGTWPIUOGFCKNNG \WO L·JTKIGP ,WDKN·WO FGT $GHTGKWPI 2QNGPU CP 6TCIGURCPIG ++

81.-54'27$.+-

1TFGP 2QNQPKC 4GUVKVWVC =1TFGT 1FTQF\GPKC 2QNUMK? /QFGNN OKV ,CJTGU\CJN ņ )TQ­QHHK\KGTUMNCUUG DGUVGJGPF CWU )TQ­QHHK\KGTU -TGW\ $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP $WPVOGVCNN XGTUKNDGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV /GFCKNNQP CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG OKV FTGK 4WPFMQRHPKGVGP DGHGUVKIV OKV 3WGT $TQUEJKGTWPI \WUCOOGP OKV /KPKCVWT XGT IQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO $·PFEJGP OKV 4QUGVVGP #WHNCIG KO QTKIKPCNGP NWZWTKÌUGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEM VGP 'VWK HÒT FKRNQOCVKUEJG 8GTNGKJWPIGP KO QTKIKPCNGP ªDGTMCTVQP &C\W FKG QTKIKPCNG 8GTNGKJWPIUWT MWPFG HÒT FGP KVCNKGPKUEJGP $QVUEJCHVGT %CTNQ /CTEJKQTK FCVKGTV 9CTUEJCW CO #RTKN OKV 2T·IG UKGIGN WPF \YGK 7PVGTUEJTKHVGP KP FGT QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 7TMWPFGPOCRRG KO GVYCU DG UEJ·FKIVGP 1TKIKPCNMCTVQP <- 44 + ++ #NU XQNNUV·PFKIGU 'PUGODNG GKPGT FKRNQOCVKUEJGP 8GTNGKJWPI UGNVGP \W HKPFGP %CTNQ /CTEJKQTK YCT XQP DKU \WP·EJUV FKRNQOCVKUEJGT $GTCVGT UR·VGT $QVUEJCHVUTCV KO $ÒTQ FGU KVCNKGPKUEJGP /KPKUVGTRT·UKFGPVGP 8QP DKU FKGPVG GT KO 4CPIG GKPGU $QVUEJCHVGTU CNU -CDKPGVVUEJGH FGU #W­GPOKPKUVGTU 8QP DKU YCT GT KVCNKGPKUEJGT $QVUEJCHVGT KP /CFTKF WPF VTCV KO ,WNK KP FGP 4WJGUVCPF #O &G\GODGT KUV FGT 1TFGP XQO 0CVKQPCNGP RQNPKUEJGP $GHTGKWPIUMQOKVGG GTPGWGTV WPF UQ CWEJ KP FGT 8QNMUTGRWDNKM 2QNGP XGTNKGJGP YQTFGP OKV FGT ,CJTGU\CJN CWH FGO 4GXGTU /GFCKNNQP /KV &GMTGV XQO #RTKN UVGNNVG 5VCCVURT·UKFGPV .GEJ 9CNGUC IGD 5VCCVURT·UKFGPV XQP DKU FKG WTURTÒPINKEJG (QTO YKGFGT JGT

318

)TQ­GU -QPXQNWV OKV EC RQNPKUEJGP 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP 8QTYKGIGPF FGT 8QNMUTGRWDNKM CDGT CWEJ HTÒJGT FCTWPVGT LG \YGK 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\G WPF \YGK 4KVVGTMTGW\G FGU 1TFGPU 2QNQPKC 4GUVK VWVC GKP 1TFGP FGU #TDGKVUDCPPGTU -NCUUG XKGT 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\G KP WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP -NCUUGP 6GKNU XGTIQNFGV VGKNU XGTUKNDGTV VGKNU GOCKNNKGTV ITÌ­VGPVGKNU CP $·PFGTP \YGK KO 1TKIKPCNGVWK &C\W FTGK #WU\GKEJPWPIUOKPKCVWTGP WPF #D\GKEJGP WPF -NGKPCD\GKEJGP VGKNU XGTIQNFGV VGKNU XGTUKNDGTV VGKNU GOCKNNKGTV VGKNU CP 0CFGNP VGKNU CP 5EJTCWDGP OKV 5EJTCWDUEJGKDGP +P WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP 'TJCNVWPIGP ++ ++ +++ +8


PORTUGAL

1075 (1:1)

21467)#. -¤0+)4'+%* $+5

/KNKV·TKUEJGT 1TFGP XQO 6WTO WPF 5EJYGTV =1TFGO /KNKVCT FC 6QTTG G 'URCFC? /QFGNN UQIGP DTKVKUEJG #WUHÒJTWPI 1TFGPUFGMQTCVKQP Z OO )QNF VNY HGKPUV ITCXKGTV WPF \KUGNKGTV VNY GOCKNNKGTV I CO UR·VGTGP $TWUVDCPF <- 4 + ++ &C FKG 1TKIKPCNKPUKIPKGP FGU /QFGNNU FGU 1TFGPU UGJT GKPHCEJ IGUVCNVGV YCTGP -NGKPQF KP )QNF QJPG 'OCKNNG WPF $TWUVUVGTP PWT KP 5KNDGT GDGPHCNNU QJPG 'OCKNNG NKG­GP UKEJ FKG DTKVKUEJGP $GNKGJGPGP OKV FGT )GPGJOKIWPI -ÌPKI ,QJCPPU 8+ XQP 2QTVWICN CWH GKIGPG -QUVGP PGWG UEJÌPGT IGUVCNVGVG 1TFGPUKPUKIPKGP HÒT FGP RGTUÌPNKEJGP )GDTCWEJ CPHGTVKIGP 8IN CWEJ (TGF #NVOCPP &KG )GUEJKEJVG FGU RQTVWIKGUKUEJGP 1TFGPU XQO 6WTO WPF 5EJYGTV +P 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP ,CJTDWEJ 5

1076 (1:1) 1077 (1:1)

/KNKV·TKUEJGT 1TFGP 7PUGTGU *GTTP ,GUWU %JTKUVWU =/KNKVCT 1TFGO FG 0QUUQ 5GPJQT ,GUWU %JTKUVQ? /QFGNN OKV UQIGP *GT\ ,GUW &GMQTCVKQP ņ -NGKPQF \WO )TQ­MTGW\ =)Tµ %TW\? OKV 5VGKPGP Z OO 5KNDGT DGUGV\V OKV TQVGP WPF YGK­GP 6CHGNUVGKPGP PKEJV IGRTÒHV OGJTGTG 5VGKPG OKV 5RTÒPIGP WPVGTGU -TGW\CTO 'PFG GVYCU XGTDQIGP QJPG 5EJWNVGTDCPF <- ++ +++ #PHGTVKIWPI CWU FGO GTUVGP &TKVVGN FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU

/KNKV·TKUEJGT 1TFGP 7PUGTGU *GTTP ,GUWU %JTKUVWU =/KNKVCT 1TFGO FG 0QUUQ 5GPJQT ,GUWU %JTKUVQ? /QFGNN OKV UQIGP *GT\ ,GUW &GMQTCVKQP ņ -NGKPQF \WO )TQ­MTGW\ =)Tµ %TW\? Z OO 5KNDGT VNY ITCXKGTV WPF XGTIQNFGV FKG *GT\ ,GUW &GMQTCVKQP )QNF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT -W IGNÌUG HTCP\ÌUKUEJG 2WP\G HÒT GT 5KNDGT UGKV 'DGTMQRH QJPG 5EJWNVGTDCPF <- + ++ #PHGTVKIWPI XQO 'PFG FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU

319


PORTUGAL

1078 1079

Militärischer Orden Unseres Herrn Jesus Christus [Militar Ordem de Nosso Senhor Jesus Christo]. /QFGNN OKV UQIGP *GT\ ,GUW &GMQTCVKQP ņ $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­MTGW\ =)Tµ %TW\?

GTMGPPDCT CP FGP HÒPH $NÒVGP CWH FGO /GFCKNNQP 4KPI RQTVWIKGUKUEJG #WUICDG UQIGP )NCP\MÌTRGT JKGT OKV 5VTCJNGP ·NVGTG #WUHÒJTWPI OKV DTKNNCPVKGTVGP 5VTCJNGP 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV WPF FWTEJDTQEJGP IGCTDGKVGV /GFCKNNQP WPF *GT\ ,GUW &GMQTCVKQP )QNF VNY HGKPUV \KUGNKGTV WPF ITCXKGTV GOCKNNKGTV CP &QRRGNPCFGN <- + 3WCNKVCVKX UGJT JQEJYGTVKIG #PHGTVKIWPI CWU FGT /KVVG FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU KP CDUQNWVGT 6QR 'TJCNVWPI Militärischer Orden Unseres Herrn Jesus Christus [Militar Ordem de Nosso Senhor Jesus Christo]. /QFGNN OKV UQIGP *GT\ ,GUW &GMQTCVKQP ņ $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­MTGW\ =)Tµ %TW\?

GTMGPPDCT CP FGP HÒPH $NÒVGP CWH FGO /GFCKNNQP 4KPI RQTVWIKGUKUEJG #WUICDG UQIGP )NCP\MÌTRGT JKGT OKV 5VTCJNGP ·NVGTG #WUHÒJTWPI OKV DTKNNCPVKGTVGP 5VTCJNGP 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV /GFCKNNQP -TGW\ WPF *GT\ ,GUW &GMQTCVKQP )QNF VNY GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC .GOCÄVTG KP 2CTKU CP 0CFGN FKGUG OKV *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G XQP .GOCÄVTG WPF HTCP\ÌUKUEJG 2WP\G HÒT GT 5KNDGT UGKV 'DGTMQRH <- R ++ 3WCNKVCVKX UGJT JQEJYGTVKIG UGNVGPG #PHGTVKIWPI WO

1080

1081 (1:1)

Militärischer Orden Unseres Herrn Jesus Christus [Militar Ordem de Nosso Senhor Jesus Christo]. /QFGNN OKV UQIGP *GT\ ,GUW &GMQTCVKQP ņ -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\ =%QOGPFCFQT? UQIGP VTCFKVKQPGNNG #WUICDG 5KNDGT VNY ITCXKGTV WPF \KUGNKGTV XGTIQNFGV *GT\ ,GUW &GMQTCVKQP )QNF GOCKN NKGTV CO CNVGP NCPIGP WPMQPHGMVKQPKGTVGP *CNUDCPF #DUEJPKVV <- ++ #PHGTVKIWPI CWU FGT NGV\VGP &GMCFG FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU 'U MÌPPVG UKEJ JKGTDGK CWHITWPF FGT (GTVKIWPIUYGKUG CWEJ WO GKP -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\ FGU DTCUKNKCPKUEJGP %JTKUVWUQTFGPU JCPFGNP

Militärischer Orden Unseres Herrn Jesus Christus [Militar Ordem de Nosso Senhor Jesus Christo]. /QFGNN OKV UQIGP *GT\ ,GUW &GMQTCVKQP ņ -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\ =%QOGPFCFQT? KP TGFW\KGTVGT )TÌ­G Z OO UQIGP VTCFKVKQPGNNG #WUICDG 5KNDGT VNY ITCXKGTV WPF XGTIQNFGV GKPUGKVKI GOCKNNKGTV CO CNVGP NCPIGP WPMQPHGMVKQPKGTVGP $CPFCDUEJPKVV <- R ++ -WTKQUG #PHGTVKIWPI WO &CU -TGW\ UGNDUV YGKUV FKG )TÌ­G GKPGU 4KVVGTMTGW\GU CWH FKGUG XGTHÒIGP LGFQEJ ITWPFU·V\NKEJ ÒDGT MGKPG *GT\ ,GUW &GMQTCVKQP YQDGK JKGT HGUV\WUVGNNGP KUV FC­ FGT $CPFTKPI WPVTGPPDCT OKV FGT ¤UG FGU -TGW\GU XGTDWPFGP KUV

320


PORTUGAL

1085

1082

1083

1084

/KNKV·TKUEJGT 1TFGP 7PUGTGU *GTTP ,GUWU %JTKUVWU =/KNKVCT 1TFGO FG 0QUUQ 5GPJQT ,GUWU %JTKUVQ? /QFGNN OKV UQIGP *GT\ ,GUW &GMQTCVKQP ņ 4KVVGTMTGW\ =%CXCNGKTQ? UQIGP OQFK UEJG QFGT OQFGTPG #WUICDG 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV OGJTGTG OKP 'OCKNNG %JKRU WPF TGRC TCVWTGP UQYKG *CCTTKUUG CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF OKV HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT 6TCIGTCJG <- ++ +++ 'U KUV CWHHCNNGPF FC­ FKGUG +PUKIPKGP PCJG\W CWUUEJNKG­NKEJ HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT WPF ÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJGT *GTMWPHV UKPF 'KP OÌINKEJGT )TWPF JKGTHÒT MÌPPVG FKG )GHCJT GKPGT 8GTYGEJUNWPI FGT UVCVWVGPO·­KIGP +PUKIPKGP OKV FGO 2·RUVNKEJGP %JTKUVWUQTFGP UGKP 1D GU UKEJ DGK FKGUGP 5VÒEMGP YKTMNKEJ PWT WO XQP FGP $GNKGJGPGP UGNDUV GTYQTDGPG \GKVIGPÌU UKUEJG <YGKVCPHGTVKIWPIGP QFGT CWEJ WO VCVU·EJNKEJ KO #WUNCPF FWTEJ DGCWHVTCIVG RQTVWIKGUKUEJG $QVUEJCHVGT GTYQTDGPG WPF XGTNKGJGPG 5VÒEMG JCPFGNV MQPPVG DKUJGT PKEJV IGMN·TV YGTFGP

8QVKXICDG KP (QTO GKPGU HNCOOGPFGP *GT\GPU OKV CWHIGNGIVGO -TGW\ FGU %JTKUVWUQTFGPU Z OO 5KNDGTHKNKITCP XGTIQNFGV VNY GOCKNNKGTV FCU -TGW\ CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG OKV MNGKPGP 'OCKNNG #WUDTÒ EJGP ++ #PHGTVKIWPI CWU FGT GTUVGP *·NHVG FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU &GT (QTO PCEJ JCPFGNV GU UKEJ JKGTDGK WO 8QVKXICDGP KP (QTO GKPGU HNCOOGPFGP *GT\GPU FKG )N·WDKIG GKPGO )PCFGPDKNF OGKUV FGT /WVVGTIQVVGU \WO &CPM HÒT GKPG IGY·JTVG )PCFG QFGT *KNHG CWU RGTUÌPNKEJGT 0QV FCTIG DTCEJV JCDGP CNU 5[ODQN FGT GKIGPGP DTGPPGPFGP .KGDG &KGUG *GT\GP YWTFGP FCPP DGK FGO )PCFGPDKNF CWHIG J·PIV WO FKG ÌHHGPVNKEJG 8GTGJTWPI FKG GU IGPQ­ \W DG\GWIGP 5QNEJG 8QVKXJGT\GP LGFQEJ KP CPFGTGT )GUVCNVWPI UKPF CWEJ CWU +VCNKGP DGMCPPV WPF CWU FGO DC[GTKUEJGP 4CWO \ $ #NVÌVVKPI 9GNEJG $GYCPFVPKU GU LGFQEJ OKV FGO CWHIGNGIVGP -TGW\ FGU %JTKUVWUQTFGPU CWH UKEJ JCV MQPPVG NGKFGT PQEJ PKEJV IGMN·TV YGTFGP

/KNKV·TKUEJGT 1TFGP FGU JN $GPGFKMV XQP #XKU =1TFGO /KNKVCT FG 5µQ $GPVQ FG #XK\? /QFGNN

OKV UQIGP *GT\ ,GUW &GMQTCVKQP ņ $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­MTGW\ =)Tµ %TW\? RQTVWIKGUK UEJG #WUICDG UQIGP )NCP\MÌTRGT JKGT OKV 5VTCJNGP LÒPIGTG #WUHÒJTWPI OKV IGMGJNVGP 5VTCJNGP 5KNDGT FWTEJDTQEJGP IGCTDGKVGV /GFCKNNQP WPF *GT\ ,GUW &GMQTCVKQP VNY ITCXKGTV WPF XGTIQNFGV VNY GOCKNNKGTV CP &QRRGNPCFGN <- ++ #PHGTVKIWPI WO &KG \YKUEJGP WPF YQJN KP %QKODTC XQP #FNKIGP IGITÒPFGVG 0GWG /KNK\ \WT $GM·ORHWPI FGT /CWTGP YWTFG XQP -ÌPKI & #NHQPUQ *GPTKSWG KP GKPGP 4KVVGTQTFGP OKV FGT 4GIGN FGU JN $GPGFKMV WOIGYCPFGNV YWTFG FGT 1TFGP PCEJ #XK\ VTCPUHGTKGTV WPF YWTFG FCU ITÒPG .KNKGPMTGW\ CNU 1TFGPU\GKEJGP DGUV·VKIV /KV )GUGV\ XQO ,WPK YCPFGNVG -ÌPKIKP & /CTKC XQP 2QTVWICN FGP DKUJGTKIGP 4KVVGTQTFGP \WUCOOGP OKV /KNKV·TKUEJGP 1TFGP 7PUGTGU *GTTP ,GUW %JTKUVWU WPF FGO /KNKV·TKUEJGP 1TFGP FGU JN ,CMQDWU XQO 5EJYGTV KP GKPGP FTGKMNCUUKIGP )TQ­MTGW\ -QOOCPFGWT WPF 4KVVGT 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP WO WPF HÒIVG FGP 1TFGPUKPUKIPKGP FKG UQIGP *GT\ ,GUW &GMQTCVKQP JKP\W /KV &CVWO XQO #WIWUV TGQTICPKUKGTVG -ÌPKI & %CTNQ XQP 2QTVWICN

FGP 1TFGP HÒIVG GKPG )TQ­QHHK\KGTUMNCUUG JKP\W WPF ·PFGTVG FKG +PUKIPKGP /KV &GMTGV XQO 1MVQDGT YWTFG FGT 1TFGP XQP FGT RTQXKUQTKUEJGP 4GIKGTWPI FGT RQTVWIKGUKUEJGP 4GRWDNKM CWHIGJQDGP 8IN CWEJ (QPUGEC #NXCTQ #WIWUVQ FC WPF /CEGFQ G %JCXGU ,QµQ 1TFGPU *QPQTÃHKECU 2QTVWIWGUCU .KUUCDQP Q , %QUVC (TGFGTKEQ FC &¾EQTCVKQPU 2QTVWICKUGU .KUUCDQP /CTKPK #FTKCPQ )NK 1TFKPK %CXCNNGTGUEJK 2QTVQIJGUK 4QO

/KNKV·TKUEJGT 1TFGP FGU JN $GPGFKMV XQP #XKU =1TFGO /KNKVCT FG 5µQ $GPVQ FG #XK\? /QFGNN

OKV UQIGP *GT\ ,GUW &GMQTCVKQP ņ 4KVVGTMTGW\ =%CXCNGKTQ? UQIGP OQFKUEJG QFGT OQFGTPG #WUICDG )QNF VNY HGKPUV \KUGNKGTV WPF GOCKNNKGTV OGJTGTG OKP 'OCKNNG %JKRU WPF TGRCTC VWTGP UQYKG *CCTTKUUG QJPG $CPF <- 44 ++ 5GJT UGNVGPG #PHGTVKIWPI CWU FGO FTKVVGP 8KGTVGN FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU

321


PORTUGAL

1086 (1:1)

1087

-ÌPKINKEJGT /KNKV·TKUEJGT 2QTVWIKGUKUEJGT 1TFGP 7PUGTGT .KGDGP (TCW \WT 'ORH·PIPKU XQP 8KNC 8K¼QUC =4GCN 1TFGO /KNKVCT 2QTVWIWG\C FG 0QUUC 5GPJQTC FG %QPEGK¼µQ FG 8KNC 8K¼QUC? /KPKCVWT FGT 1TFGPUFGMQTCVKQP )QNF GOCKNNKGTV QJPG $·PFEJGP ++ /GFCKNNG HÒT FCU DGNIKUEJG +PHCPVGTKG 4GIKOGPV XQP =/GFCNJC EQPEGPFKFC CQ TGIKOGPVQ FG KPHCPVGTKC DGNIC ? <KPP OKV 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT <GKEJGP 2 * ( QJPG $CPF OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DGHGUVKIV .(2 44 ++ &CU 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP EC WPF WPF YWTFG NCWV #PICDG CO ,WNK CWH GKPGT #PVYGTRGPGT #WMVKQP IGMCWHV WPF CO ,WPK XQP *GTTP 1EMGN \WTÒEM GTYQTDGP +O ,CJTG JCV .GQRQNF + -ÌPKI FGT $GNIKGT TGI UGKV \WT 7PVGTUVÒV\WPI -ÌPKIKP /CTKCU ++ FC )NÉTKC TGI XQP DKU WPF UGKV DGK FGT &WTEJUGV\WPI KJTGT 6JTQPCPURTÒEJG GKP +PHCP VGTKG 4GIKOGPV PCEJ $GNIKGP GPVUCPFV FGUUGP /KVINKGFGT XQP FGT -ÌPKIKP FKGUG /GFCKNNG GTJKGNVGP

1089 1088

4'27$.+- 5'+6

/KNKV·TKUEJGT 1TFGP XQO 6WTO WPF 5EJYGTV HÒT 6CRHGTMGKV 6TGWG WPF 8GTFKGPUV =1TFGO /KNKVCT FC 6QTTG G 'URCFC FQ 8CNQT .GCNFCFG G /¾TKVQ? /QFGNN UGKV 4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP =%CXCNGKTQ? 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV KO $CPFTKPI *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G FGT (KTOC FC %QUVC KP .KUUC DQP CO QTKIKPCNGP $CPF OKV $CPFURCPIG <- 4 ++ +P FKGUGT -NCUUG PWT ·W­GTUV UGNVGP \W HKPFGP

/KNKV·TKUEJGT %JTKUVWU 1TFGP =1TFGO /KNKVCT FG %TKUVQ? UGKV /QFGNN UGKV $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­QHHK\KGT =)TCPFG 1HKEKCN? 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF VGKNYGKUG GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGN NGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC (TGFGTKEQ FC %QUVC KP .KUUCDQP KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK XQP FC %QUVC <- ++ 'U JCPFGNV UKEJ JKGTDGK WO GKPGP $TWUVUVGTP KO 'VWK HÒT GKPG 2TQOQVKQP F J GKPG *KP\WXGTNGKJWPI \WO DGTGKVU KPPGJCDGPFGP -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\

322


PORTUGAL

1091 ex 1090

/KNKV·TKUEJGT #XKU 1TFGP =1TFGO /KNKVCT FG #XKU? UGKV /QFGNN UGKV -QOOCPFGWTU 5GV =%QOGPFCFQT? DGUVGJGPF CWU -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FGT $CPF #ITCHHG *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G FGT (KTOC FC %QUVC KP .KUUCDQP CO MWT\GP *CNUDCPF #DUEJPKVV WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV /GFCKNNQP XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV GKPG 5VGTPURKV\G GVYCU XGTDQIGP CP 0CFGN FKGUG OKV RQTVWIKGUKUEJGT 5KNDGTRWP\G WPF *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G XQP FC %QUVC <- ++ NVGTG #PHGTVKIWPI 0CEJFGO FGT MÌPKINKEJG 1TFGP OKV &GMTGV XQO 1MVQDGT XQP FGT RTQXKUQTKUEJGP 4GIKGTWPI FGT RQTVWIKGUK UEJGP 4GRWDNKM CWHIGJQDGP YQTFGP YCT YWTFG GT OKV &GMTGV FGU RQTVWIKGUKUEJGP 5VCCVURT·UKFGPVGP $GTPCTFKPQ /CEJCFQ 2T·UKFGPV XQP DKU WPF XQP DKU XQO 5GRVGODGT WPVGT FGO 0COGP /KNKV·TKUEJGT #XK\ 1TFGP KP FTGK -NCUUGP YKGFGT GTTKEJVGV YWTFG UEJNKG­NKEJ YKGFGT FKG 1HHK\KGTU WPF FKG )TQ­QHHK\KGTUMNCUUG JKP\WIGHÒIV 8IN CWEJ (QPUGEC #NXCTQ #WIWUVQ FC WPF /CEGFQ G %JCXGU ,QµQ 1TFGPU *QPQTÃHKECU 2QTVWIWGUCU .KUUCDQP Q , %QUVC (TGFGTKEQ FC &¾EQTCVKQPU 2QTVWICKUGU .KUUCDQP /CTKPK #FTKCPQ )NK 1TFKPK %CXCNNGTGUEJK 2QTVQIJGUK 4QO /KNKV·TKUEJGT #XKU 1TFGP =1TFGO /KNKVCT FG #XKU? UGKV /QFGNN YKGFGT HÒPHMNCUUKI ņ UGKV -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\ =%QOGPFCFQT? 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FGT $CPFC ITCHHG *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G FGT (KTOC (TGFGTKEQ FC %QUVC KP .KUUCDQP WPF .KUUCDQPGT 2WP\G HÒT GT 5KNDGT UGKV CO QTKIKPCNGP MQPHGMVKQPKGTVGP *CNUDCPF <- ++

1092

1094

/KNKV·TKUEJGT #XKU 1TFGP =1TFGO /KNKVCT FG #XKU? UGKV /QFGNN UGKV 4KVVGTMTGW\ =%CXCNGKTQ? MNGKPGTG #WUHÒJTWPI 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO $CPF OKV $CPFURCPIG WPF 6TC IGTCJG <- + ++ /KNKV·TKUEJGT 1TFGP FGU JN ,CMQDWU =1TFGO /KNKVCT FG 5 6KCIQ? UGKV /QFGNN UGKV -QNNCPG FGT )TQ­MTGW\G =)Tµ %TW\? )TQ­QHHK\KGTG =)TCPFG 1HKEKCN? -QOOCPFGWTG WPF 1HHK\KGTG DGUVGJGPF CWU 1TFGPUMTGW\ WPF .QTDGGTMTCP\ )NKGFGTP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV OKV CPJ·PIGPFGO -NGKPQF 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGO 8GTUEJNW­ )NKGF *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC (TGFGTKEQ FC %QUVC KP .KUUCDQP CWH FGP ¤UGP FGT -GVVGPINKGFGT WPF FGU -NGKPQFU *GTUVGNNGT RWP\G XQP FC %QUVC WPF .KUUCDQPGT 2WP\G HÒT GT 5KNDGT XQP DKU <- ++ (TÒJGU 'ZGORNCT KP JGTXQTTCIGPFGT 'TJCNVWPI #DDKNFWPI UKGJG P·EJUVG 5GKVG /KNKV·TKUEJGT 1TFGP FGU JN ,CMQDWU =1TFGO /KNKVCT FG 5 6KCIQ? UGKV /QFGNN UGKV $TWUVUVGTP \WO -QOOCPFGWT =%QOGPFCFQT? 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV OKP #WUDTÒEJG KP FGT 'OCKNNG FGU 1TFGPUMTGW\GU KO /GFCKNNQP CP 0CFGN FKGUG OKV RQTVWIKGUKUEJGT 5KNDGTRWP\G WPF *GT UVGNNGTRWP\G XQP FC %QUVC <- ++

323


PORTUGAL

1093

(verkleinert)

324


PORTUGAL

1095

1096

/KNKV·TKUEJGT 1TFGP FGU JN ,CMQDWU =1TFGO /KNKVCT FG 5 6KCIQ? UGKV /QFGNN UGKV 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\ =1HKEKCN? MNGKPGTG #WUHÒJTWPI 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV KO $CPFTKPI 5KNDGTRWP\G WPF *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G XQP FC %QUVC KP .KUUCDQP CO $CPF OKV $CPFURCPIG CWHIGNGIVGT 4QUGVVG WPF 6TC IGTCJG <- ++ 1HHK\KGTUFGMQTCVKQPGP FKGUGU 1TFGPU UKPF PKEJV J·WHKI \W HKPFGP

/KNKV·TKUEJGT 1TFGP FGU JN ,CMQDWU =1TFGO /KNKVCT FG 5 6KCIQ? UGKV /QFGNN UGKV 4KVVGTMTGW\ =1HKEKCN? MNGKPGTG #WUHÒJTWPI 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO $CPF OKV $CPFURCPIG WPF 6TCIGTCJG <- ++

1097

1TFGP FGU +PHCPVGP &QO *GPTKSWG =1TFGO FQ +PHCPVG &QO *GPTKSWG? -QOOCPFGWTU 5GV =%QOGPFCFQT? DGUVGJGPF CWU )TQ­QHHK\KGTU -TGW\ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG 5KNDGTRWP\G CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP #WUHÒJTWPI ņ 5VTCJNGP PKEJV GOCKNNKGTV 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGO 0CFGNDQEM *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC (TGFGTKEQ %QUVC .FC KP .KUUCDQP CP 0CFGN FKGUG OKV 5KNDGTRWP\G \WUCOOGP OKV /KPKCVWT 5KNDGT XGTIQN FGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO $·PFEJGP WPF -PQRHNQEJ 4QUGVVG OKV UKNDGTHCTDGPGT .KV\G KO QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCT DGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK XQP %QUVC <- ++ #WU #PNC­ FGU HÒPHJWPFGTVUVGP 6QFGUVCIGU XQP 2TKP\ *GKPTKEJ IGPCPPV FGT 5GGHCJTGT UVKHVGVG 2T·UK FGPV #O¾TKEQ 6QO±U CO ,WPK FGP UGEJUMNCUUKIGP )TQ­MQNNCPG )TQ­MTGW\ )TQ­QHHK\KGT -QOOCPFGWT 1HHK\KGT WPF 4KVVGT D\Y &COG PCVKQPCN MCVGIQTKUKGTVGP 1TFGP OKV CHHKNKKGTVGT \YGKUVWHKIGT /G FCKNNG 'T YKTF HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO 2QTVWICN WPF KP FGT 8GTDTGKVWPI FGT RQTVWIKGUKUEJGP -WNVWT )GUEJKEJVG WPF 9GTVG XGTNKGJGP 0KEJVMQOOGT\KGNNG +PUVKVWVKQPGP MÌPPGP 'JTGPOKVINKGFGT FGU 1TFGPU YGTFGP &KG 1TFGPUUVCVWVGP GTHWJTGP WPF PFGTWPIGP

325


PORTUGAL

1098

1099

/GFCKNNG HÒT /KNKV·TXGTFKGPUV UKE =/GFCNJC FQ /¾TKVQ /KNKVCT? UQIGP /KNKV·T 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\ =1HKEKCN? 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV KP FGT ¤UG WPF KO $CPFTKPI PKEJV KFGPVKHK\KGTDCT RWP\KGTV CO $TWUVDCPF OKV CWHIGNGIVGT 4QUGVVG OKV GOCKNNKGTVGO -TGW\ ++ 'JTGP\GKEJGP XQO 4QVGP -TGW\ 4KVVGTMTGW\ =%CXCNGKTQ? 5KNDGT GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG 'OCKNNG 5RTWPI CO $TWUVDCPF OKV 6TCIGURCPIG ++ NVGTG #PHGTVKIWPI CWU FGT GTUVGP *·NHVG FGU ,J

1100 (1:1)

1101 (1:1)

/+0+#674'0

/KPKCVWTGPUEJPCNNG GKPGU MÌPKINKEJ RQTVWIKGUKUEJGP 1HHK\KGTU OKV HÒPH #WU\GKEJPWPIUOKPKCVWTGP 1TFGP XQO 6WTO WPF 5EJYGTV 4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP 5KNDGT /GFCKNNQP )QNF GOCKNNKGTV #XK\ 1TFGP -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\ )QNF GOCKNNKGTV OKP 'OCKNNG #WUDTÒEJG 8KNC 8K¼QUC 1TFGP 4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP )QNF GOCKNNKGTV %JTKUVWUQTFGP 4KVVGTMTGW\ UQIGP OQFKUEJG QFGT OQFGTPG #WUICDG )QNF GOCKNNKGTV /GFCKNNG & 2GFTQU WPF & /CTKCU HÒT FKG -·ORHG WO FKG 6JTQPHQNIG XQP DKU #WUICDG HÒT FKG 6GKNPCJOG CP \YGK (GNF\ÒIGP #P 6TCITCJOGP OKV 0CFGN 44 ++ +++ (TÒJG WPF UGNVGPG /KPKCVWTGPUEJPCNNG GKPGU JQJGP 1HHK\KGTU

326

/KPKCVWTGPUEJPCNNG GKPGU RQTVWIKGUKUEJGP 1HHK\KGTU OKV FTGK #WU\GKEJPWPIUOKPKCVWTGP /GFCKNNG HÒT /KNKV·TXGTFKGPUV UKE =UQIGP /KNKV·T 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP? 4KVVGTMTGW\ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV #XK\ 1TFGP 4KVVGTMTGW\ 5KNDGT GOCKNNKGTV OKP 'OCKNNG #WUDTWEJ 5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG HÒT DGKURKGN JCHVG (ÒJTWPI KP FGP RQTVWIKGUKUEJGP 5VTGKVMT·HVGP ++


RUMÄNIEN

1102 (1:1)

47/ 0+'0 -¤0+)4'+%*

1TFGP 5VGTP 4WO·PKGPU =1TFKPWN 5VGCWC 4QO³PKGK ? CWEJ 1TFGP FGU 5VGTPU XQP 4WO·PKGP /QFGNN #WUHÒJTWPI HÒT <KXKNXGTFKGPUV )TQ­QHHK\KGTU 5GV DGUVGJGPF CWU )TQ­QHHK\KGTU -TGW\ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGO 6TCIGTKPI W C *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G +4 FGT (KTOC ,QUGH 4GUEJ KP $WMCTGUV *GTUVGNNWPIUPWOOGT 5KNDGTRWP\G #4) TWO·PKUEJG 2WP\G HÒT GT 5KNDGT XQP DKU WPF ,CJTGURWP\G HÒT CO QTKIKPCNGP MQPHGMVKQPKGTVGP *CNUDCPF WPF $TWUV UVGTP #WUHÒJTWPI QJPG -TQPG &WTEJOGUUGT OO 5KNDGT TGRGTEKGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF XQP 4GUEJ *GTUVGNNWPIUPWOOGT 5KNDGTRWP\G #4) TWO·PKUEJG 2WP\G HÒT GT 5KNDGT XQP DKU WPF ,CJTGURWP\G HÒT KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK XQP 4GUEJ OKV /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI -ÌPKI /CKJCKU + IGD -ÌPKI XQP DKU WPF XQP DKU <- + ++

1104 1103

1TFGP -TQPG 4WO·PKGPU =1TFKPWN %QTQCPC 4QO³PKGK ? CWEJ 1TFGP FGT -TQPG XQP 4WO· PKGP /QFGNN #WUICDG OKV -TQPG CWU 'KUGP KP FGP /GFCKNNQPU ņ -QO OCPFGWTUMTGW\ =%QOCPFQT? 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV -TQPG CWU 'KUGP QJPG 2WP\KGTWPI CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP PKEJV OGJT UEJNKG­GPFGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC ,QUGH 4GUEJ KP $WMCTGUV OKV FGO /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI %CTQNU + UGKV (ÒTUV WPF UGKV -ÌPKI <- ++

1TFGP -TQPG 4WO·PKGPU =1TFKPWN %QTQCPC 4QO³PKGK ? CWEJ 1TFGP FGT -TQPG XQP 4WO· PKGP /QFGNN #WUICDG OKV -TQPG CWU 5KNDGT KP FGP /GFCKNNQPU ņ 1HHK \KGTUMTGW\ =1HKtGT? 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV OKP #WUDTWEJ FGT YGK­GP 'OCKNNG CWH DGKFGP 5GKVGP GKPGT -TGW\URKV\G CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF OKV 4QUGVVG KO 'VWK FGT (KTOC (CKP KP $WECTGUV OKV FGO /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI %CTQNU + <- ++

327


RUMÄNIEN

1106 1107

1105

1TFGP -TQPG 4WO·PKGPU =1TFKPWN %QTQCPC 4QO³PKGK ? CWEJ 1TFGP FGT -TQPG XQP 4WO· PKGP /QFGNN #WUHÒJTWPI HÒT <KXKNXGTFKGPUV 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV KO $CPFTKPI OGJTGTG 2WP\GP W C *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G %(< FGT (KTOC % ( <KOOGTOCPP KP 2HQT\JGKO TWO·PKUEJG 2WP\G HÒT GT 5KNDGT *GTUVGNNGTPWOOGT WPF ,CJTGURWP\G HÒT CO $TWUVDCPF QJPG 4ÒEMGPVGKN OKV CWHIGNGIVGT 4QUGVVG &C\W FKG RCUUGPFG /KPKCVWT 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO $·PFEJGP OKV CWHIGNGIVGT 4QUGVVG <- ++

1TFGP -TGW\ FGT -ÌPKIKP /CTKC =1TFKPWN %TWEGC 4GIKPC /CTKC ? -TGW\ FGT -NCUUG $WPV OGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV OKV ITQ­GO $CPFTKPI OKV MWT\GO $CPFUVÒEM <- 4 ++

1TFGP -TGW\ FGT -ÌPKIKP /CTKC =1TFKPWN %TWEGC 4GIKPC /CTKC ? -TGW\ FGT -NCUUG $WPV OGVCNN XGTUKNDGTV OKV ITQ­GO $CPFTKPI QJPG $CPF <- ++

1108

1109 ex 1110

1TFGP -TGW\ FGT -ÌPKIKP /CTKC =1TFKPWN %TWEGC 4GIKPC /CTKC ? -TGW\ FGT -NCUUG $TQP\G OKV ITQ­GO $CPFTKPI QJPG $CPF <- ++

/GFCKNNG /KNKV·TKUEJG 6CRHGTMGKV KO -TKGI =/GFCNKC 8KTVWVGC /KNKVCTG FG 4C\DQKW ? /QFGNN -TGW\ WPF -NCUUG LGYGKNU #WUHÒJTWPI OKV UGRCTCV GKPIGUGV\VGP /GFCKNNQPU XGTIQNFGV D\Y XGTUKN DGTV LGYGKNU CO UR·VGTGP $CPFUVÒEM &C\W 5CPKV·VU 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ KP $TQP\G VNY GOCKNNKGTV CO $CPF -47 ++ &CU -TGW\ -NCUUG KP SWCNKVCVKX JQEJYGTVKIGT #WUHÒJTWPI

328

-QPXQNWV XQP CEJV XGTUEJKGFGPGP 2QUVMCTVGP OKV 2QTVTCKVU FGT TWO·PKUEJGP -ÌPKIUHCOKNKG 7 C -ÌPKI %CTQN + WPF (GTFKPCPF WPF FKG -ÌPKIKPPGP 'NKUCDGVJ WPF /CTKC ++


RUMÄNIEN

1111

1112

1114

1113

#$<'+%*'0

#D\GKEJGP HÒT -TKGIUMWPFUEJCHVGT &WTEJOGUUGT OO 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG 2WP\G HÒT GT 5KNDGT WPF *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G -- YQJN HÒT FKG (KTOC -CTPGV -[UGNÓ KP 2TCI CP 0CFGN ++

81.-54'27$.+-

1TFGP 5VGTP FGT 8QNMUTGRWDNKM 4WO·PKGP =1TFKPWN 5VGCWC 4GRWDNKEKK 2QRWNCTG 4QO³PG? /QFGNN 9CRRGP OKV +PUEJTKHV 424 ņ 5VGTP -NCUUG 5KNDGT VNY DNCW GOCKNNKGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV CWH FGT 4Ã’EMUGKVG 5KNDGTRWP\G CP 0CFGN \WUCOOGP OKV +PVGTKOUURCPIG KO QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP UEJNKG­GPFGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK 54 <- ++

1TFGP 5VGTP FGT 8QNMUTGRWDNKM 4WO·PKGP =1TFKPWN 5VGCWC 4GRWDNKEKK 2QRWNCTG 4QO³PG? /QFGNN 9CRRGP OKV +PUEJTKHV 424 ņ 5VGTP -NCUUG $WPVOGVCNN XGTUKNDGTV VNY QTCPIG GOCKNNKGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV CP 0CFGN \WUCOOGP OKV +PVGTKOUURCPIG KO QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEM VGP PKEJV OGJT TKEJVKI UEJNKG­GPFGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK 54 <- ++

51<+#.+56+5%*' 4'27$.+-

)QNFGPG /GFCKNNG 5KEJGN WPF *COOGT \WO 'JTGPVKVGN *GNF FGT 5Q\KCNKUVKUEJGP #TDGKV =/GFCNKC FG #WT 5GEGTC qK %KQECPWN? /QFGNN OKV +PUEJTKHV 454 ņ $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV CP $CPFURCPIG KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK 54 <- ++

1115

1116

1117

1118

1TFGP 5VGTP FGT 5Q\KCNKUVKUEJGP 4GRWDNKM 4WO·PKGP =1TFKPWN 5VGCWC 4GRWDNKEKK 5QEKCNKUVG 4QO³PG? /QFGNN 9CRRGP OKV 454 ņ 5VGTP -NCUUG $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV VNY TQV GOCKNNKGTV FGT /GFCKNNQP 4KPI DGUGV\V OKV 5KOKNKUVGKPGP CP 0CFGN \WUCOOGP OKV +PVGTKOUURCPIG KO QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP UEJNGEJV UEJNKG­GPFGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT -NCUUG 54 <- ++

1TFGP 5VGTP FGT 5Q\KCNKUVKUEJGP 4GRWDNKM 4WO·PKGP =1TFKPWN 5VGCWC 4GRWDNKEKK 5QEKCNKUVG 4QO³PG? /QFGNN 9CRRGP OKV 454 ņ 5VGTP -NCUUG $WPVOGVCNN VNY XGTIQNFGV VNY TQV GOCKNNKGTV FGT /GFCKNNQP 4KPI DGUGV\V OKV 5KOKNKUVGKPGP CP 0CFGN \WUCOOGP OKV +PVG TKOUURCPIG KO QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK 54 <- ++

1TFGP 8GTVGKFKIWPI FGU 8CVGTNCPFGU =1TFKPWN #RµTCTGC 2CVTKGK? /QFGNN 9CRRGP OKV 454 ņ 5VGTP -NCUUG $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV VNY XGTUKNDGTV VNY GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN \WUCOOGP OKV +PVGTKOUURCPIG KO QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK 54 <- ++

1TFGP FGT #TDGKV =1TFKPWN /WPEKK? /QFGNN 9CRRGP OKV 454 ņ 5VGEMFGMQTCVKQP FGT -NCUUG 5KNDGT IGRTÒHV VNY XGTIQNFGV VNY GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN OKV QTKIKPCNGO IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK 54 <- 4 ++

329


RUMÄNIEN

1119

verkleinert

1120

-12+'0 =%12+'5?

1TFGP %CTQN + =1TFKPWN %CTQN + ? 5COONGTCPHGTVKIWPI FGT -QNNCPG OKV -NGKPQF CWU FGP GT ,CJTGP DGUVGJGPF CWU -QNNCPG OKV /QPQITCOO 9CRRGP GKPGO 6TCIG WPF GKPGO 8GTUEJNW­ )NKGF 5KNDGT ITÌ­VGPVGKNU XGTIQNFGV VNY GOCKNNKGTV WPF -NGKPQF 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV ++ *GTXQTTCIGPFGU 'TUCV\GZGORNCT HÒT GKP KO 1TKIKPCN JÌEJUV UGNVGPGU 5VÒEM

330

1TFGP (NKGIGTKUEJG 6CRHGTMGKV =1TFKPWN 8KTVWVGC #GTQPCWVKEµ ? /QFGNN OKV /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI %CTQNU ++ ņ 5COONGTCPHGTVKIWPI =EQR[? CWU FGP GT ,CJTGP GKPGU -QOOCPFGWTU MTGW\ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP UGKV #WUHÒJTWPI OKV YGK­GO /QPQITCOOUEJKNF $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FGU $CPFTKPIU RWP\KGTV %12; CO CNVGP VNY XGTDNKEJGP -TKGIUDCPF *CNUCDUEJPKVV ++


Sammlung Russland


SAMMLUNG RUSSLAND (Los 1121)

5#//.70) 4755.#0&

1121 (1:1)

(1:3)

332


SAMMLUNG RUSSLAND (Los 1121)

1121 (1:1)

1121

333


SAMMLUNG RUSSLAND (Los 1121)

334

1121


SAMMLUNG RUSSLAND (Los 1121)

1121

335


SAMMLUNG RUSSLAND (Los 1121)

14&'0

4755+5%*'5 4'+%* $+5

-CKUGTNKEJGT 1TFGP FGU JN #RQUVGNU #PFTGCU FGU 'TUVDGTWHGPGP [Îðäåí èìïåð±òîðñêèé Ñâÿòîãî Àïîñòîëà Àíäðåÿ Ïåðâîçâàííîãî] -QNNCPGPUGV DGUVGJGPF CWU -QNNCPG /QFGNN DGUVGJGPF CWU UKGDGP #FNGT UGEJU #PFTGCUMTGW\ WPF XKGT /QPQ ITCOO )NKGFGTP LGYGKNU )QNF HGKPUV ITCXKGTV WPF GOCKNNKGTV \WUCOOGP I 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK FKG #PFTGCUMTGW\ )NKGFGT JQJN IGHGTVKIV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG OKV .WHVFTWEM #WUINGKEJU .QEJ &QRRGNCFNGT RWP\G FGT *QHNKGHGTCPVGP XQP DKU *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G #- XQP #NDGTV -GKDGN KP 5V 2GVGTUDWTI WPF -QMQUEJPKM 2WP\G XQP DKU FKG CPFGTGP )NKGFGT CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG OKV &QRRGNCFNGTRWP\G FGT *QHNKGHGTCPVGP XQP DKU *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI -GKDGN WPF -QMQUEJPKM 2WP\G XQP DKU VNY HGKPG )QNFRCVKPC WPF -NGKPQF /QFGNN OKV -TQPGP 2GPFKNKGP ņ )QNF VNY ITCXKGTV WPF GOCKNNKGTV I HGKPUVG 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK 'OCKNNG #WUDTÒEJG KP 8QTFGT WPF 4ÒEMUGKVG FGT NKPMGP -TQPGP 2GPFKNKG CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FGU TGEJVGP #TOU FGU #PFTGCUMTGW\GU &QRRGNCFNGTRWP\G FGT *QHNKGHGTCPVGP XQP DKU FKGUG CWEJ CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FGT TGEJVGP #FNGTMTCNNG WPF FGU NKPMGP #TOU *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G #- XQP #NDGTV -GKDGN WPF -QMQUEJPKM 2WP\G XQP DKU GTUVGTG CWEJ CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FGT NKPMGP #FNGTMTCNNG \WUCOOGP OKV -QMQUEJPKM )QNFRWP\G \W <QNQVPKMK XQP DKU OKV 2TQDKGTOGKU VGT <GKEJGP ßË HÒT ;CMQX .[CRWPQX OKV QTKIKPCNGO CNV MQPHGMVKQPKGTVGP 5EJWNVGTDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP /QFGNN #WUHÒJTWPI QHHK\KGNN KP /GVCNN ņ CD &WTEJOGUUGT OO 5KNDGT VNY ITCXKGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV VNY GOCKNNKGTV &QRRGNCFNGTRWP\G FGT *QHNKGHGTCPVGP XQP DKU *GT UVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI -GKDGN WPF -QMQUEJPKM 5KNDGTRWP\G \W <QNQVPKMK XQP DKU OKV 2TQ DKGTOGKUVGT <GKEJGP ßË HÒT ;CMQX .[CRWPQX CP 0CFGN FKGUG KPPGP OKV &QRRGNCFNGTRWP\G FGT *QH NKGHGTCPVGP XQP DKU *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI -GKDGN WPF -QMQUEJPKM 2WP\G DKU CNNGU \WUCOOGP KO QTKIKPCNGP GVYCU DGTKGDGPGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC 2 5 2GVTQX KP 5CPMV 2GVGTUDWTI 447 WPF <- WPF 444 + ++

*GTUVGNNWPIUO·­KI \WUCOOGPIGJÌTGPFGU 5GV XQP GZ\GNNGPVGT #PHGTVKIWPIUSWCNKV·V WPF KP GTUVMNCUUKIGT 'TJCNVWPI KO \WIGJÌTKIGP QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK 'U KUV KP UGKPGT #PHGTVKIWPIUSWCNKV·V WPF 'TJCNVWPI XQP ITÌ­VGT 5GNVGPJGKV WPF GKP GKPFTWEMUXQNNGU <GWIPKU FGT TWUUKUEJGP 1TFGPUIGUEJKEJVG Zur Datierung des hier angebotenen St- Andreas Kollanensets 'PVUVCPFGP KUV FCU JKGT CPIGDQVGPG 5GV KP FGT 9GTMUVCVV FGT ,WYGNKGTUHCOKNKG -GKDGN KP 5V 2GVGTUDWTI 0CEJ FGO 6QF XQP ,WNKWU +XCP -GKDGN KO ,CJT ÒDGTPCJO UGKP 5QJP #NDGTV -QPUVCPVKP -GKDGN FCU )GUEJ·HV 8QP DKU JCVVG GT CNU QHHK\KGNNGT 1TFGPULWYGNKGT GKPGP 'ZMNWUKXXGTVTCI OKV FGO 1TFGPUMCRKVGN 0CEJFGO FKGUGT LGFQEJ PKEJV GTPGWGTV YWTFG NKGHGTVG GT UGKPG #TDGKVGP FQTVJKP PWT DKU \WO 'PFG FKGUGU ,CJTGU ªDGT FKG 2WP\GP FKG CWH FGO 5GV \W HKPFGP UKPF N·UUV UKEJ GKPG IWVG #PICDG ÒDGT FGUUGP *GTUVGNNWPIU\GKVTCWO OCEJGP #WHITWPF FGT 2WP\KGTWPI MCPP FGT *GTUVGNNWPIU\GKVTCWO FGU Bruststerns CWH FKG ,CJTG XQP DKU GKPIGITGP\V YGTFGP FGT FGT Kollane CWHITWPF FGT -QODKPCVKQP FGT *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G XQP #NDGTV -GKDGN OKV FGT -QMQUEJPKM 2WP\G XQP DKU CWH FKG ,CJTG \YKUEJGP WPF WPF FKG *GTUVGNNWPI FGU Kleinods UQICT CWH FKG ,CJTG DKU FC ;CMQX .[CRWPQX NCWV 6COOCPP KP 642 5 PWT KP FKGUGO <GKVTCWO CNU 2TQDKGTOGKUVGT KP 5V 2GVGTUDWTI V·VKI YCT 0CEJ #WUMWPHV FGU 'KPNKGHGTGTU YWTFG FCU 5GV DGTGKVU KP FGP HTÒJGP GT ,CJTGP XQP GKPGO TGPQOOKGTVGP YGUVGWTQR·KUEJGP *·PFNGT HÒT /KNKVCTKC CP FGP KP\YKUEJGP XGTUVQTDGPGP 5COONGT XGTMCWHV Die möglichen Träger .GKFGT KUV GU WPU PKEJV IGNWPIGP FGP 6T·IGT GKPFGWVKI \W KFGPVKHK\KGTGP 9KT MQPPVGP LGFQEJ FWTEJ KPVGPUKXG 4GEJGTEJGP FKG #P\CJN FGT OÌINKEJGP 6T·IGT CWH FTGK 2GTUQPGP TGFW\KGTGP &KGU YCT \WO GKPGP FWTEJ FKG &CVKGTWPI ÒDGT FKG CPIGIGDGP 2WP\KGTWPIGP WPF FGO UKEJ FCTCWU GTIGDGPFGP HTÒJGUVOÌINKEJGP &CVWO GKPGT 8GTNGKJWPI KO ,CJT OÌINKEJ &CTÒDGT JKPCWU GTICDGP WPUGTG 4GEJGTEJGP FCUU FGT 6T·IGT FGT -QNNCPG /KVINKGF FGT 4QOCPQY (COKNKG IGYGUGP UGKP OWUU .CWV FGT 1TFGPUOCVTKMGN YWTFGP \YKUEJGP WPF PWT XKGT /KVINKGFGT FGT MCKUGTNKEJGP (COKNKG KP FGP 5V #PFTGCU 1TFGP CWHIGPQOOGP &CTWPVGT FGT 5QJP 0KMQNCWU ++ <CTGYKVUEJ #NGZGK 0KMQNCLGYKVUEJ FGT CO ,WNK KP ,GMCVGTKPDWTI XQP FGP $QNUEJGYKMK \WUCOOGP OKV FGT IGUCOVGP MCKUGTNKEJGP (COKNKG GTOQTFGV YWTFG 5GKPG 1TFGP UKPF CNNGT 9CJTUEJGKPNKEJMGKV PCEJ KP 4WUUNCPF XGTDNKGDGP

(QNINKEJ MQOOGP PCEJ WPUGTGP 4GEJGTEJGP PWT FKG FTGK HQNIGPFGP CNU OÌINKEJG 6T·IGT FGU 1TFGPUUGVU KP (TCIG $GK FGP 4GEJGTEJGP JKGT\W YWTFGP YKT XQP 5GTIG[ .GYKP XQO UVCCVNKEJGP *KUVQTKUEJGP /WUGWO /QUMCW ITQ­\ÒIKI WPVGTUVÒV\V YQHÒT YKT WPU JKGT CWUFTÒEMNKEJ DGFCPMGP OÌEJVGP

Prinz Gabriel Konstantinowitsch von Russland (Verleihung am 6. November 1907) )CDTKGN =)CXTKKN? -QPUVCPVKPQYKVUEJ YCT FGT \YGKVG 5QJP XQP )TQ­HÒTUV -QPUVCPVKP -QPUVCPVKPQYKVUEJ WPF FGUUGP )GOCJNKP 'NKUCDGVJ IGD 2TKP\GUUKP XQP 5CEJUGP #NVGPDWTI /KV 7PVGTUVÒV\WPI FGU TWUUKUEJGP 5EJTKHVUVGNNGTU /CZKO )QTM[ IGNCPI KJO FKG (NWEJV ÒDGT (KPPNCPF PCEJ (TCPMTGKEJ YQ GT UKEJ DGK 2CTKU PKGFGTNKG­ 'T YCT \YGKOCN XGTJGKTCVGV JCVVG CDGT MGKPG 0CEJMQOOGP #O (GDTWCT KUV 2TKP\ )CDTKGN -QPUVCPVKPQYKVUEJ KP 2CTKU IGUVQTDGP WPF YWTFG CWH FGO 4WUUKUEJGP (TKGFJQH 5CKPVG )GPGXK½XG FGU $QKU KP 2CTKU DGKIGUGV\V

Prinz Vasili Alexandrowitsch von Russland (Verleihung am 7. Juni 1912) 2TKP\ 8CUKNK #NGZCPFTQYKVUEJ YCT FGT LÒPIUVG 5QJP XQP )TQ­HÒTUV #NGZCPFGT /KEJCKNQYKVUEJ WPF FGUUGP )GOCJNKP :GPKC #NGZCPFTQYPC IGD )TQ­HÒTUVKP XQP 4W­NCPF +O /·T\ CWH FGT *CNDKPUGN -TKO WPVGT *CWUCTTGUV IGUVGNNV YWTFG GT KJO /CK FGUUGNDGP ,CJTGU XQP FGWVUEJGP 6TWRRGP DGHTGKV /KV YGKVGTGP #PIGJÌTKIGP FGT MCKUGTNKEJGP (COKNKG MQPPVG GT KO #RTKN OKV FGO DTKVKUEJGP -TKGIUUEJKHH */5 /CTNDQTQIJ PCEJ 'PINCPF GPVMQOOGP 8QP FQTV YCPFGTVG GT 'PFG FGT GT ,CJTG CWU KP FKG 8GTGKPKIVGP 5VCCVGP XQP #OGTKMC YQ GT KP 9QQFUKFG -CNKHQTPKGP IGUVQTDGP KUV

336


SAMMLUNG RUSSLAND (Los 1121)

1121 (Detail)

Prinz Roman Petrowitsch von Russland (Verleihung am 29. Dezember 1916) 2TKP\ 4QOCP 2GVTQYKVUEJ YCT FGT GKP\KIG 5QJP XQP )TQ­HÒTUV 2GVGT 0KMQNCLGYKVUEJ WPF FGUUGP )GOCJNKP /KNKV\C IGD 2TKP\GUUKP XQP /QPVGPGITQ 5GKV 1HHK\KGT IGNCPI KJO \WUCOOGP YGKVGTGP #PIGJÌTKIGP FGT MCKUGTNKEJGP (COKNKG GT KO #RTKN OKV FGO DTKVKUEJGP -TKGIUUEJKHH */5 /CTNDQTQIJ PCEJ 'PINCPF 8QP FQTV UKGFGNVG GT FCPP PCEJ %CR Fʼn#PVKDGU ÒDGT YQ GT UKEJ OKV UGKPGT (COKNKG PKGFGTNKG­ 'T YCT FGT 8CVGT XQP 2TKP\ 0KMQNCWU 4QOCPQYKVUEJ 4QOCPQY IGD FGO JGWVG NGIKVKOGP 1DGTJCWRV FGU *CWUGU 4QOCPQY WPF XQP FGUUGP $TWFGT 2TKP\ &KOKVTK 4QOCPQYKVUEJ 4QOCPQY IGD FGO YQJNDGMCPPVGP (CEJDWEJCWVQT RJCNGTKUVKUEJGT 5VCPFCTFYGTMG ÒDGT FKG #WU\GKEJPWPIGP FGU 4WUUKUEJGP 4GKEJU 5GTDKGPU WPF ,WIQUNCYKGPU /QPVGPGITQU WPF )TKGEJGPNCPFU Zur Geschichte des St. Andreas-Ordens &KG )GUEJKEJVG FGU ō1TFGP FGU *GKNKIGP #PFTGCU FGU 'TUVDGTWHGPGPŋ PKOOV KJTGP #PHCPI DGK <CT 2GVGT + FGT )TQ­G &GT <CT YWTFG CWH UGKPGP 4GKUGP CWH FKG YGUVGWTQR·KUEJG 2TCZKU FGT 1TFGPUXGTNGKJWPI HÒT CW­GTIGYÌJPNKEJG OKNKV·TKUEJG 8GTFKGPUVG CWHOGTMUCO $KU \W FKGUGO <GKVRWPMV YWTFGP KO <CTGPTGKEJ CNU 9GTVUEJ·V\WPI HÒT FGTCTVKIG 'THQNIG .·PFGTGKGP QFGT )GNFYGTVG XGTIGDGP &GT <CT YCT NCWV ªDGTNKGHGTWPIGP XQP FGT GOQVKQPCNGP 6TCIYGKVG GKPGT UQNEJGP 8GTNGKJWPI VKGH DGGKPFTWEMV &KG .Q[CNKV·V FKG FKG 6T·IGT FGT XGTNKGJGPGP 1TFGP KJTGP LGYGKNKIGP 5VKHVGTP GPVIGIGPDTCEJVGP KORQPKGTVG KJO 5Q VTWI GU UKEJ \W FCUU FGT ō1TFGP FGU *GKNKIGP #PFTGCU FGU 'TUVDGTWHGPGPŋ CO 0QXGODGT IGUVKHVGV YWTFG 'U JCPFGNVG UKEJ FCDGK WO FGP GKPMNCUUKIGP WPF JÌEJUVGP TWUUKUEJGP 1TFGP FGT CWEJ PCEJ FGT 'KPHÒJTWPI YGKVGTGT TWUUKUEJGT 1TFGP UGKPGP 4CPI CNU JÌEJUVG #WU\GKEJPWPI PKEJV XGTNQT )GYKFOGV YWTFG GT FGO GTUVGP XQP %JTKUVWU DGTWHGPGP #RQUVGN #PFTGCU FGO 2CVTQP 4WUUNCPFU

0GDGP FGT #WUHÒJTWPI KP )QNF MQPPVG FGT 1TFGP CNU DGUQPFGTGT )PCFGPGTYGKU FGU <CTGP KP $TKNNCPVGP XGTNKGJGP YGTFGP 5GKV MQPPVGP FWTEJ GKPG RGTUÌPNKEJG 'PVUEJGKFWPI FGU <CTGP FKGLGPKIGP 4KVVGT FGU 5V #PFTGCU 1TFGPU FKG FKG GPVURTGEJGPFGP 1TFGP PQEJ PKEJV GTJCNVGP JCVVGP DGK FGT 8GTNGKJWPI INGKEJ\GKVKI CWEJ PQEJ FGP 5V #NGZCPFGT 0GYUM[ 1TFGP UKGJG -CV 0T WPF FKG -NCUUG FGU 5V #PPGP 1TFGPU UKGJG -CV 0T GTJCNVGP #D YCT GU FCTÒDGT JKPCWU OÌINKEJ FGP 9GK­GP #FNGT 1TFGP UKGJG -CV 0T WPF CD EC CWEJ FKG -NCUUG FGU 5V 5VCPKUNCWU 1TFGPU UKGJG -CV 0T \WU·V\NKEJ \W XGTNGKJGP

$NKEMV OCP CWH FKG .KUVG FGT 6T·IGT FGU 5V #PFTGCU 1TFGPU HCNNGP PGDGP FGP JQEJTCPIKIGP TWUUKUEJGP 2GTUQPGP GKPG 4GKJG DGFGWVGPFGT CWUN·PFKUEJGT 2GTUÌPNKEJMGKVGP KPU #WIG FGPGP FGT 1TFGP ÒDGT FKG ,CJTJWPFGTVG XGTNKGJGP YWTFG 'KPG FGTCTVKIG 8GTNGKJWPI FGT -QNNCPG CP #WUN·PFGT YCT CD OÌINKEJ 7PVGT FGP DGFGWVGPFGP CWUN·PFKUEJGP 6T·IGTP KUV XQT CNNGO -ÌPKI 0KMQNCWU + XQP /QPVGPGITQ \W PGPPGP FGO FGT 1TFGP XGTNKGJGP YWTFG

YWTFGP \WU·V\NKEJ FKG $TWUVUVGTPG HÒT 0KEJVEJTKUVGP GKPIGHÒJTV #D FGO ,CJT YWTFG FKG 8GTNGKJWPI XQP $TWUVUVGTPGP KP /GVCNN QHHK\KGNN GKPIGHÒJTV +O UGNDGP ,CJT MCOGP IGMTGW\VG 5EJYGTVGT CWH FGP +PUKIPKGP HÒT 6CRHGTMGKV KO -CORH FC\W

8QP FGT 2TQXKUQTKUEJGP 4GIKGTWPI ÒDGTPQOOGP LGFQEJ PKG XGTNKGJGP YWTFG GT XQP FGP $QNUEJGYKMK PCEJ FGT 4GXQNWVKQP CDIGUEJCHHV #WU #PNCUU FGU 5VKHVWPIULWDKN·WOU YWTFG FGT 1TFGP XQO TWUUKUEJGP 2T·UKFGPVGP $QTKU 0 ,GN\KP CO ,WNK GTPGWGTV &KG YKGFGT KPU .GDGP IGTWHGPG #WU\GKEJPWPI KUV JGWVG IGPCW YKG KP FGT <CTGP\GKV FGT JÌEJUVG \W XGTIGDGPFG 1TFGP FGT 4WUUKUEJGP (ÌFGTCVKQP 7PVGT FGP UGJT YGPKIGP 2GTUÌPNKEJMGKVGP FGPGP FGT 1TFGP UGKV XGTNKGJGP YWTFG UKPF DGKURKGNUYGKUG #NGZCPFGT 5QNUEJGPK\[P 5GTIGK /KEJCNMQY 5EJTKHVUVGNNGT WPF -QORQPKUV FGT *[OPG FGT 4WUUKUEJGP (ÌFGTCVKQP WPF /KEJCKN )QTDCVUEJQY IGD

337


SAMMLUNG RUSSLAND

1122 (1:1)

Kaiserlicher Orden des hl. Apostels Andreas des Erstberufenen [Îðäåí èìïåðáòîðñêèé Ñâÿòîãî Àïîñòîëà Àíäðåÿ Ïåðâîçâàííîãî]. /KPKCVWT FGU $TWUVUVGTPU FGU /QFGNNU &WTEJOGUUGT OO XGTUKNDGTV VNY GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG PQVFÒTHVKI TGRCTKGTVG /GVCNNUEJNCWHG &C\W YGKVGTGT PKEJV KFGPVKHK\KGTVGT /KPKCVWTUVGTP &WTEJOGUUGT OO 5KNDGT CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG ITCXKGTV W C WPF /ÒP\DTQUEJG CWU FTGK -QRGMGP /ÒP\GP FCXQP GKPG CWUIGU·IV DTQUEJKGTV ++ +++

1123 (1:1)

Kaiserlicher Orden des heiligen Fürsten Alexander Newsky [Îðäåí èìïåðáòîðñêèé Ñâÿàòîãî Êíÿçÿ Àëåêñàíäðà Íåâñêîãî]. /QFGNN -NGKPQF Z OO )QNF EV GOCKNNKGTV I HGKPUVG 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FGU QDGTGP -TGW\CTOU WPVGT FGT 'OCKNNG &QRRGNCFNGTRWP\G FGT *QHNKGHGTCPVGP XQP DKU WPF FGU WPVGTGP -TGW\CTOU /GKUVGTOCTMG 9- HÒT 9KNJGNO -GKDGN KP 5V 2GVGTUDWTI CWH FGT ¤UG )QNFRWP\G \W <QNQVPKMK DKU YQJN CNV XQT PCEJGOCKNNKGTV 447 <- RR ++ 6COOCP UEJTGKDV KP 642 5 H FC­ ,QJCPP 9KNJGNO -GKDGN KO ,CJTG PCEJ FGO #WUVTKVV 9KNJGNO -·OOGTGTU ņ FKGUGT YCPFVG UKEJ FGT (GTVKIWPI CPFGTGT 2TG\KQUGP \W ņ CWU FGT (KTOC -GKDGN -·OOGTGT CNNGKPKIGT QHHK\KGNNGT *GTUVGNNGT FGT 1TFGPUKPUKIPKGP HÒT FCU TWUUKUEJG 1TFGPUMCRKVGN YWTFG YCU GT DKU \W UGKPGO 6QF DNKGD 9GKVGT HÒJTV 6COOCP CWU FCU -GKDGN -·OOGTGT WPF \W $GIKPP CWEJ 9KNJGNO -GKDGN FKG +PUKIPKGP KP )QNF \W <QNQVPKMK EV HGTVKIVGP WPF OCP GTUV KO .CWHG FGT GT ,CJTG OKV )GPGJOKIWPI FGU 1TFGPUMCRKVGNU CWH )QNF \W <QNQVPKMK EV YGEJUGNVG 5QOKV N·­V UKEJ FKG *GTUVGNNWPI FGU JKGT CPIGDQVGPGP 'ZGORNCTU CWH FGP <GKVTCWO \YKUEJGP WPF /KVVG FGT GT ,CJTG GKPITGP\GP &GT GKPMNCUUKIG 1TFGP YWTFG XQP -CKUGTKP -CVJCTKPC + #NGZGKLGYPC OKV 7MCU XQO /CK IGUVKHVGV 'T YWTFG PCEJ #NGZCPFGT ,CTQUNCYKVUEJ 0GYUMK (ÒTUV XQP 0QYIQTQF WPF )TQ­HÒTUV XQP 9NCFKOKT DGPCPPV 'TUV CO #RTKN FGO 6CI UGKPGT -TÌPWPI YWTFGP XQP -CKUGT 2CWN + 2GVTQYKVUEJ FKG 1TFGPUUVCVWVGP CRRTQDKGTV #NU DGUQPFGTGT )PCFGPGTYGKU FGU <CTGP MQPPVG FGT 1TFGP KP $TKNNCPVGP XGTNKGJGP YGTFGP YQDGK CWH FGP $TWUV UVGTPGP ÒDGT FGO /GFCKNNQP GKPG MCKUGTNKEJG -TQPG CPIGDTCEJV YWTFG 5GKV FGO #WIWUV MQPPVGP FWTEJ GKPG LGYGKNKIG RGTUÌPNKEJG 'PVUEJGKFWPI FGU <CTGP 4KVVGT FGU 5V #PFTGCU 1TFGPU FKG FGP 5V #NGZCPFGT 0GYUM[ 1TFGP PQEJ PKEJV GTJCNVGP JCVVGP FKGUGP INGKEJ\GKVKI OKV LGPGO GTJCNVGP #O #WIWUV YWTFGP FKG -NGKPQFG WPF CO 1MVQDGT FKG $TWUVUVGTPG HÒT 0KEJVEJTKUVGP GKPIGHÒJTV YWTFG FKG 8GTNGKJWPI XQP $TWUVUVGTPGP KP /GVCNN QHHK\KGNN GKPIGHÒJTV /KV MCKUGTNKEJGO 7MCU #NGZCPFGTU ++ 0KMQNCLGYKVUEJ XQO #WIWUV YWTFGP IGMTGW\VG 5EJYGTVGT CWH FGP +PUKIPKGP HÒT 8GTNGKJWPIGP HÒT 6CRHGTMGKV KO -CORH GKPIGHÒJTV /KV #D UEJCHHWPI FGT /QPCTEJKG XGTUEJYCPF CWEJ FGT 1TFGP

338


SAMMLUNG RUSSLAND

1125 (1:1)

1124

Kaiserlicher Orden des heiligen Fürsten Alexander Newsky [Îðäåí èìïåðáòîðñêèé Ñâÿàòîãî Êíÿçÿ Àëåêñàíäðà Íåâñêîãî]. #NVGU MQPHGMVKQPKGTVGU 5EJWNVGTDCPF WO VNY OKP CPIGDNGKEJV ++

Kaiserlicher Orden des heiligen Fürsten Alexander Newsky [Îðäåí èìïåðáòîðñêèé Ñâÿàòîãî Êíÿçÿ Àëåêñàíäðà Íåâñêîãî]. /QFGNN $TWUVUVGTP QHHK\KGNNG /GVCNN #WUHÒJTWPI CD &WTEJOGUUGT OO 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV /GFCKNNQP #WHNCIGP VNY )QNF VNY GOCKNNKGTV 'OCKNNG FGU /GFCKNNQP 4KPIU OÌINKEJGTYGKUG TGUVCWTKGTV CWH FGO 4GXGTU *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC -GKDGN KP 5CPMV 2GVGTUDWTI 5VCFVRWP\G XQP 5V 2GVGTUDWTI XQP DKU WPF 5KNDGTRWP\G \W <QNQVPKMK XQP DKU CP 0CFGN FKGUG GDGPHCNNU *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI XQP -GKDGN WPF 5KNDGT RWP\G \W <QNQVPKMK XQP DKU 447 <- ++

339


SAMMLUNG RUSSLAND

1126 (1:1)

Kaiserlicher und Königlicher Orden vom Weißen Adler [Îðäåí èìïåðáòîðñêèé è êîðîëéâñêèé Áåëîãî Îðëà]. -NGKPQF /QFGNN OKV -TQPGP 2GPFKNKGP ņ Z OO )QNF VNY HGKPUV ITCXKGTV GOCKNNKGTV I OKP 'OCKNNG %JKRU WPF TGRCTCVWTGP CWH FGP -TQPGP 2GPFKNKGP WPF FGO 4GKEJUCRHGN FGT -TQPG CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FGT NKPMGP -TCNNG &QRRGNCFNGTRWP\G FGT *QHNKGHGTCPVGP XQP DKU WPF /GKUVGTOCTMG +- HÒT ,WNKWU -GKDGN KP 5V 2GVGTUDWTI WPF FGT TGEJVGP -TCNNG 5V 2GVGTUDWTIGT )QNFRWP\G \W <QNQVPKMK XQP DKU CWH FGO 6TCIGTKPI &QRRGNCFNGTRWP\G FGT *QHNKGHGTCPVGP XQP DKU WPF /GKUVGTOCTMG +- QJPG 5EJWNVGTDCPF 447 <- ++ #WHITWPF FGT -QODKPCVKQP FGT +- 2WP\G OKV FGT 5CPMV 2GVGTUDWTIGT )QNFRWP\G N·­V UKEJ FKG 'PVUVGJWPI FKGUGU -NGKPQFU CWH FGP <GKVTCWO \YKUEJGP WPF 6QFGULCJT ,WNKWU -GKDGNU GKPITGP\GP ,WNKWU +XCP 'FWCTF -GKDGN NGTPVG DGK UGKPGO 8CVGT ,QJCPP 9KNJGNO -GKDGN WPF YWTFG /GKUVGT 0CEJ FGUUGP 6QF ÒDGTPCJO GT UEJNKG­NKEJ FKG (KTOC FKG GT DKU \W UGKPGO 6QFG NGKVGVG &GT GKPGT .GIGPFG PCEJ XQO RQNPKUEJGP -ÌPKI 9NCFKUNCY + .QMKGVGM IGUVKHVGVG 1TFGP YWTFG KO 0QXGODGT XQP -ÌPKI #WIWUV ++ FGO 5VCTMGP -WTHÒTUV XQP 5CEJUGP KP GKPGT -NCUUG GTPGWGTV 8QP -CKUGT 0KMQNCWU + 2CYNQYKVUEJ YWTFG GT OKV 7MCU XQO 0QXGODGT WPVGT FKG TWUUKUEJGP 1TFGP CWHIGPQOOGP 5GKV FKGUGO <GKVRWPMV MQPPVGP IGO·­ GKPGT LGYGKNKIGP RGTUÌPNKEJGP 'PVUEJGKFWPI FGU <CTGP 4KVVGT FGU 5V #PFTGCU 1TFGPU FKG FGP 9GK­GP #FNGT 1TFGP PQEJ PKEJV GTJCNVGP JCVVGP FKGUGP INGKEJ\GKVKI OKV LGPGO GTJCNVGP #O #WIWUV YWTFGP FKG -NGKPQFG WPF CO 1MVQDGT FKG $TWUVUVGTPG HÒT 0KEJVEJTKUVGP IGPGJOKIV /KV MCKUGTNKEJGO 7MCU -CKUGT #NGZCPFGTU ++ 0KMQNCLGYKVUEJ XQO #WIWUV YWTFGP IGMTGW\VG 5EJYGTVGT CWH FGP +PUKIPKGP HÒT 8GTNGKJWPIGP HÒT 6CRHGTMGKV KO -CORH IGPGJOKIV 0CEJFGO GT XQP FGT 2TQXKUQTKUEJGP 4GIKGTWPI ÒDGTPQOOGP YQTFGP YCT YWTFG GT XQP FGP $QNUEJGYKMK CDIGUEJCHHV

340


SAMMLUNG RUSSLAND

1127 (1:1)

Kaiserlicher und Königlicher Orden vom Weißen Adler [Îðäåí èìïåðáòîðñêèé è êîðîëéâñêèé Áåëîãî Îðëà]. -NGKPQF QJPG -TQPGP ªDGTJÌJWPI =YKVJQWV ETQYP? /QFGNN OKV -TQPGP 2GPFKNKGP ņ Z OO )QNF VNY HGKPUV ITCXKGTV GOCKNNKGTV I CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FGT TGEJVGP -TCNNG 5V 2GVGTUDWTIGT α -QMQUEJPKM )QNFRWP\G \W <QNQVPKMK XQP WPF *GTUVGN NGTDG\GKEJPWPI ÝÄÓÀÐÄÚ FGT (KTOC 'FWCTF KP 5CPMV 2GVGTUDWTI \YGK -ÒIGNEJGP FGU -TGW\GU OKV -QMQUEJPKM 2WP\G XQP GKP YGKVGTGU -ÒIGNEJGP OKV GKPGT PKEJV KFGPVKHK\KGTDCTGP 2WP\G FKG NKPMG CDIGDTQEJGPG -NCWG HCEJIGTGEJV DGHGUVKIV QJPG 5EJWNVGTDCPF KO PKEJV RCUUGPFGP 5EJWV\GVWK 447 <- +8 ++ +++ 6TQV\ FGT HGJNGPFGP -TQPG HÒT FKG UKEJ NGKEJV GKP 'TUCV\ HKPFGP NCUUGP YKTF WPF FGT TGUVCWTKGTVGP -NCWG UGNVGPGU WPF IÒPUVKI VCZKGTVGU 'ZGORNCT KP UQPUV JGTXQTTCIGPFGT 'TJCNVWPI

1128 (1:1)

Kaiserlicher und Königlicher Orden vom Weißen Adler [Îðäåí èìïåðáòîðñêèé è êîðîëéâñêèé Áåëîãî Îðëà]. $TWUVUVGTP QHHK\KGNNG /GVCNN #WUHÒJTWPI CD &WTEJOGUUGT OO 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV /GFCKNNQP #WHNCIGP )QNF VNY GOCKNNKGTV 'OCKNNG FGU /GFCKNNQP 4KPIU OÌINKEJGTYGKUG TGUVCWTKGTV CWH FGO 4GXGTU *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC -GKDGN KP 5CPMV 2GVGTUDWTI &QRRGNCFNGT RWP\G FGT *QHNKGHGTCPVGP XQP DKU WPF 5V 2GVGTUDWTIGT 5KNDGTRWP\G \W <QNQVPKMK XQP DKU CP 0CFGN FKGUG GDGPHCNNU *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI XQP -GKDGN WPF &QRRGNCFNGTRWP\G FGT *QHNKG HGTCPVGP XQP DKU 447 <- ++ 341


SAMMLUNG RUSSLAND

1129 (1:1)

Kaiserlicher und Königlicher Orden vom Weißen Adler [Îðäåí èìïåðáòîðñêèé è êîðîëéâñêèé Áåëîãî Îðëà]. -NGKPQF OKV 5EJYGTVGTP /QFGNN OKV -TQPGP 2GPFKNKGP ņ Z OO )QNF VNY HGKPUV ITCXKGTV GOCKNNKGTV I OKP 'OCKNNG %JKRU KP FGP 2GPFKNKGP FGT -TQPG WPF KP FGT YGK­GP 'OCKNNG FGU #FNGTU CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FGT TGEJVGP -TCNNG 5V 2GVGTUDWTIGT α -QMQUEJPKM )QNF RWP\G \W <QNQVPKMK XQP \YGK -ÒIGNEJGP FGU -TGW\GU OKV -QMQUEJPKM 2WP\G XQP CWH FGP 4ÒEMUGKVGP FGT DGKFGP 5EJYGTVITKHHG LGYGKNU -QMQUEJPKM 2WP\G XQP CWH FGO 6TCIGTKPI *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI ÝÄÓÀÐÄÚ FGT (KTOC 'FWCTF KP 5CPMV 2GVGTU DWTI WPF /GKUVGTOCTMG ÈË HÒT ,QJCPP .KPFUVGFV QJPG 5EJWNVGTDCPF 447 C <- RR ++ &KG (KTOC 'FWCTF YWTFG UR·VGUVGPU XQP 'FWCTF (GTPCPFQYKVUEJ &KGVYCNF IGITÒPFGV WPF NKGHGTVG UGKV FGO 4WUUKUEJ ,CRCPKUEJGP -TKGI CNUQ CD CNU QHHK\KGNNGT .KGHGTCPV FGU 1TFGPUMCRKVGNU \WUCOOGP OKV FGT # #FNGT IGJÌTGPFGP (KTOC 1UKRQX FGP ITÌ­VGP #PVGKN TWUUKUEJGT 1TFGP 0CEJ UGKPGO 6QF OWVOC­NKEJ 5GNDUVOQTF HÒJTVG UGKPG 9KVYG 8CTXCTC 2GVTQYPC &KGVYCNF FKG (KTOC YQJN DKU YGKVGT WPF NKGHGTVG CWEJ PQEJ DKU \WT 1MVQDGT 4GXQNWVKQP 1TFGPUKPUKIPKGP CP FKG 2TQXKUQTKUEJG 4GIKGTWPI 8IN ) # 6COOCPP KP 642 5 .CWV 5GTIG[ .GYKP /QUMCW FGO CP FKGUGT 5VGNNG JGT\NKEJUV HÒT UGKPG +PHQTOCVKQPGP IGFCPMV YKTF CTDGKVGVG ,QJCPP .KPFUVGFV ÈË XQP DKU HÒT 'FWCTF CD FGUUGP 0CEJHQNIGT 9NCFKOKT &KPCMQY ÂÄ

1130 (1:1)

Kaiserlicher Orden des heiligen Großmärtyrers Georg des Siegreichen [Îðäåí èìïåðáòîðñêèé Ñâÿàòîãî Âåëèêîìó÷åíèêà è Ïîáåäîíîñöà Ãåîðãèÿ]. )GQTIU -TGW\ [Ãåîðãèåâèåñêèé Êðåñò] /QFGNN GKPMNCUUKI – Z OO 5KNDGT I CWH FGO 4GXGTU PWOOGTKGTV OKV QTKIKPCNGO $CPFTKPI CO YQJN OQFGTPGP $CPF &+# <- R ++ 0CEJFGO -CKUGT #NGZCPFGT + 2CYNQYKVUEJ FCU 5V )GQTIU 5QNFCVGPMTGW\ IGUVKHVGV JCVVG YWTFG GU NCWV &KCMQX KP &+# 5 DKU \WO ,CPWCT KP EC 'ZGORNCTGP PKEJV PWOOGTKGTV XGTNKGJGP &GTGP 0WO OGTKGTWPI GTHQNIVG UR·VGT FWTEJ PCEJVT·INKEJG )TCXWT +PUIGUCOV YWTFGP KP FGT 4GIKGTWPIU\GKV -CKUGT #NGZCPFGTU + 5V )GQTIU 5QNFCVGPMTGW\G XGTNKGJGP UQ FC­ GU UKEJ DGK FGO JKGT CPIGDQVGPGP 'ZGORNCT WO GKPGU CWU FGT 'PF\GKV UGKPGT 4GIKGTWPI JCPFGNP FÒTHVG

342


SAMMLUNG RUSSLAND

1131 (1:1)

-CKUGTNKEJGT 1TFGP FGU JGKNKIGP )TQ­O·TV[TGTU )GQTI FGU 5KGITGKEJGP =Îðäåí èìïåð±òîðñêèé Ñâÿàòîãî Âåëèêîìó÷åíèêà è Ïîáåäîíîñöà Ãåîðãèÿ] )GQTIU -TGW\ [Ãåîðãèåâèåñêèé Êðåñò] /QFGNN GKPMNCUUKI – Z OO 5KNDGT I CWH FGO 4GXGTU PWOOGTKGTV FGWVNKEJ IGVTCIGP &+# <- ++ 8GTNGKJWPI CWU FGP NGV\VGP ,CJTGP FGT 4GIKGTWPI -CKUGT #NGZCPFGTU + 0CEJFGO FCU -TGW\ XQP -CKUGT #NGZCPFGT OKV 7MCU XQO (GDTWCT IGUVKHVGV YQTFGP YCT GTHQNIVGP DKU NCWV &KCMQX KP &+# $CPF 5 KPUIGUCOV 8GTNGKJWPIGP WPPWOOGTKGTVGT 'ZGORNCTG /KV &GMTGV XQO ,CPWCT YWTFG FCPP FKG HQTVNCWHGPFG 0WOOGTKGTWPI FGT -TGW\GU CWH FGTGP 4ÒEMUGKVG CPIGQTFPGV 'DGPHCNNU NCWV &KCMQX C C 1 YWTFGP KP FGT 4GIKGTWPIU\GKV -CKUGT #NGZCPFGTU KPUIGUCOV 5V )GQTIUMTGW\G XGTNKGJGP FKG NCWV &KCMQX KP &+# $CPF 5 0WOOGTP DKU VTWIGP

1132 (1:1)

1132 (1:1) 1,5:1

-CKUGTNKEJGT 1TFGP FGU JGKNKIGP )TQ­O·TV[TGTU )GQTI FGU 5KGITGKEJGP [Îðäåí èìïåð±òîðñêèé Ñâÿàòîãî Âåëèêîìó÷åíèêà è Ïîáåäîíîñöà Ãåîðãèÿ] )GQTIU 5QNFCVGPMTGW\ [Ñîëäàòñêèé Ãåîðãèåâèåñêèé Êðåñò] /QFGNN XKGTMNCUUKI – #WUHÒJTWPI -TGW\ -NCUUG )QNF I CWH FGO 4GXGTU PWOOGTKGTV QJPG $CPF /KV 1TKIKPCNKV·VU 'ZRGTVKUG FGU 5VCCVNKEJGP *KUVQTKUEJGP /WUGWOU KP /QUMCW XQO 1MVQDGT &+# <- 4444 ++ /KV UQNEJ PKGFTKIGT 0WOOGTKGTWPI XQP IGTCFG\W GZQTDKVCPVGT 5GNVGPJGKV

1133 (1:1)

-CKUGTNKEJGT 1TFGP FGU JGKNKIGP )TQ­O·TV[TGTU )GQTI FGU 5KGITGKEJGP =Îðäåí èìïåð±òîðñêèé Ñâÿàòîãî Âåëèêîìó÷åíèêà è Ïîáåäîíîñöà Ãåîðãèÿ] )GQTIU 5QNFCVGPMTGW\ [Ñîëäàòñêèé Ãåîðãèåâèåñêèé Êðåñò] /QFGNN XKGTMNCUUKI – #WUHÒJTWPI -TGW\ -NCUUG 5KNDGT CWH FGO 4GXGTU PWOOGTKGTV QJPG $CPF &+# <- ++

343


SAMMLUNG RUSSLAND

1135

1134

1136

-CKUGTNKEJGT 1TFGP FGU JGKNKIGP )TQ­O·TV[TGTU )GQTI FGU 5KGITGKEJGP =Îðäåí èìïåð±òîðñêèé Ñâÿàòîãî Âåëèêîìó÷åíèêà è Ïîáåäîíîñöà Ãåîðãèÿ] )GQTIU 5QNFCVGPMTGW\ [Ñîëäàòñêèé Ãåîðãèåâèåñêèé Êðåñò] /QFGNN XKGTMNCUUKI – #WUHÒJTWPI -TGW\ -NCUUG 5KNDGT UR·VGT RQNKGTV WPF \CRRQPKGTV CWH FGO 4GXGTU PWOOGTKGTV 0Q CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP $TWUVDCPF #PIGDQVGP OKV UGKVKIGT 'ZRGTVKUG FGU /KNKVCTKC #TEJKXU %CTUVGP $CNFGU G - KP 7NO &+# <- + ++

-CKUGTNKEJGT 1TFGP FGU JGKNKIGP )TQ­O·TV[TGTU )GQTI FGU 5KGITGKEJGP =Îðäåí èìïåð±òîðñêèé Ñâÿàòîãî Âåëèêîìó÷åíèêà è Ïîáåäîíîñöà Ãåîðãèÿ] )GQTIU 5QNFCVGPMTGW\ [Ñîëäàòñêèé Ãåîðãèåâèåñêèé Êðåñò] /QFGNN XKGTMNCUUKI – #WUHÒJTWPI -TGW\ -NCUUG 5KNDGT CWH FGO 4GXGTU PWOOGTKGTV 0Q CP UQYLGVKUEJGT 2GPVCIQPCN $CPFURCPIG &+# <- ++

-CKUGTNKEJGT 1TFGP FGU JGKNKIGP )TQ­O·TV[TGTU )GQTI FGU 5KGITGKEJGP =Îðäåí èìïåð±òîðñêèé Ñâÿàòîãî Âåëèêîìó÷åíèêà è Ïîáåäîíîñöà Ãåîðãèÿ] )GQTIU 5QNFCVGPMTGW\ [Ñîëäàòñêèé Ãåîðãèåâèåñêèé Êðåñò] /QFGNN XKGTMNCUUKI – #WUHÒJTWPI -TGW\ -NCUUG 5KNDGT CWH FGO 4GXGTU PWOOGTKGTV CP UR·VGTGT UQYLGVKUEJGT 2GPVCIQPCN $CPFURCPIG &+# <- ++ +P UGNVGP UEJÌPGO 'TJCNVWPIU\WUVCPF

1137

344

1138

1139

1140

1141

-CKUGTNKEJGT 1TFGP FGU JGKNKIGP )TQ­O·TV[TGTU )GQTI FGU 5KGITGKEJGP =Îðäåí èìïåð±òîðñêèé Ñâÿàòîãî Âåëèêîìó÷åíèêà è Ïîáåäîíîñöà Ãåîðãèÿ] )GQTIU 5QNFCVGPMTGW\ [Ñîëäàòñêèé Ãåîðãèåâèåñêèé Êðåñò] /QFGNN XKGTMNCUUKI – CNVG 0CEJHGTVKIWPI GKPGU -TGW\GU -NCUUG $WPVOGVCNN CP UQYLGVKUEJGT 2GPVCIQPCN $CPFURCPIG ++

-CKUGTNKEJGT 1TFGP FGU JGKNKIGP )TQ­O·TV[TGTU )GQTI FGU 5KGITGKEJGP =Îðäåí èìïåð±òîðñêèé Ñâÿàòîãî Âåëèêîìó÷åíèêà è Ïîáåäîíîñöà Ãåîðãèÿ] )GQTIU 5QNFCVGPMTGW\ [Ñîëäàòñêèé Ãåîðãèåâèåñêèé Êðåñò] /QFGNN XKGTMNCUUKI ņ CNVG 0CEJHGTVKIWPI GKPGU -TGW\GU -NCUUG $WPVOGVCNN CP UQYLGVKUEJGT 2GPVCIQPCN $CPFURCPIG ++

-CKUGTNKEJGT 1TFGP FGU JGKNKIGP )TQ­O·TV[TGTU )GQTI FGU 5KGITGKEJGP =Îðäåí èìïåð±òîðñêèé Ñâÿàòîãî Âåëèêîìó÷åíèêà è Ïîáåäîíîñöà Ãåîðãèÿ] )GQTIU 5QNFCVGPMTGW\ [Ñîëäàòñêèé Ãåîðãèåâèåñêèé Êðåñò] /QFGNN XKGTMNCUUKI – HTCP\ÌUKUEJG 0CEJHGTVKIWPI GKPGU -TGW \GU QFGT -NCUUG OKV %6'++ CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG 5KNDGT CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FGU QDGTGP -TGW\CTOU PKEJV KFGPVKHK\KGTDCTG *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G WPF HTCP\ÌUKUEJG 2WP\G HÒT GT 5KNDGT UGKV 'DGTMQRH ++

-CKUGTNKEJGT 1TFGP FGU JGKNKIGP )TQ­O·TV[TGTU )GQTI FGU 5KGITGKEJGP =Îðäåí èìïåð±òîðñêèé Ñâÿàòîãî Âåëèêîìó÷åíèêà è Ïîáåäîíîñöà Ãåîðãèÿ] )GQTIU 5QNFCVGPMTGW\ [Ñîëäàòñêèé Ãåîðãèåâèåñêèé Êðåñò] /QFGNN XKGTMNCUUKI – #WUHÒJTWPI )W­ #P HGTVKIWPI GKPGU -TGW\GU -NCUUG 9GK­OGVCNN CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG PWOOGTKGTV OKV $WEJUVC DGP Ü KP FGT NKPMGP WPVGTGP WPF / KP FGT TGEJVGP WPVGTGP #TOGEMG ++

-CKUGTNKEJGT 1TFGP FGU JGKNKIGP )TQ­O·TV[TGTU )GQTI FGU 5KGITGKEJGP =Îðäåí èìïåð±òîðñêèé Ñâÿàòîãî Âåëèêîìó÷åíèêà è Ïîáåäîíîñöà Ãåîðãèÿ] )GQTIU 5QNFCVGPMTGW\ [Ñîëäàòñêèé Ãåîðãèåâèåñêèé Êðåñò] /QFGNN XKGTMNCUUKI – PKEJVTWUUKUEJG 0CEJHGTVKIWPI GKPGU -TGW\GU -NCUUG OKV %6Ï CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG 5KNDGT CP $CPFUEJNGKHG ++


SAMMLUNG RUSSLAND

1,5:1 1142 (1:1)

1142 (1:1)

-CKUGTNKEJGT 1TFGP FGU JGKNKIGP )TQ­O·TV[TGTU )GQTI FGU 5KGITGKEJGP =Îðäåí èìïåð±òîðñêèé Ñâÿàòîãî Âåëèêîìó÷åíèêà è Ïîáåäîíîñöà Ãåîðãèÿ] )GQTIU 5QNFCVGPMTGW\ HÒT 0KEJVEJTKUVGP =Ñîëäàòñêèé Ãåîðãèåâèåñêèé Êðåñòü³ äëÿ Íåõðèñòèàí] /QFGNN XKGTMNCUUKI – -TGW\ -NCUUG )QNF I CWH FGO 4GXGTU PWOOGTKGTV QJPG $CPF /KV 1TKIKPCNKV·VU 'ZRGTVKUG FGU 5VCCVNKEJGP *KUVQTKUEJGP /WUGWOU KP /QUMCW XQO 1MVQDGT &+# <- 4444 ++ #W­GTQTFGPVNKEJ UGNVGP

1143 (1:1) 1144 (1:1)

1145 (1:1)

-CKUGTNKEJGT 1TFGP FGU JGKNKIGP )TQ­O·TV[TGTU )GQTI FGU 5KGITGKEJGP [Îðäåí èìïåð±òîðñêèé Ñâÿàòîãî Âåëèêîìó÷åíèêà è Ïîáåäîíîñöà Ãåîðãèÿ] )GQTIU /GFCKNNG (ÒT 6CRHGTMGKV =Ãåîðãèåâèåñêèé Ìåäàëü Çà Õðàáðîñòü ] /QFGNN UVCVWCTKUEJ FGO 5V )GQTIU 1TFGP CHHKNKKGTV – PKEJVTWUUKUEJG #PHGTVKIWPI FGT /GFCKNNG -NCUUG KP 5KNDGT =PQP 4WUUKCP OCPWHCEVWTKPI KP UKNXGT? 5KNDGT QJPG 6T·IGTPWOOGT OKV MWT\GO $CPFUVÒEM ++

-CKUGTNKEJGT 1TFGP FGU JGKNKIGP )TQ­O·TV[TGTU )GQTI FGU 5KGITGKEJGP =Îðäåí èìïåð±òîðñêèé Ñâÿàòîãî Âåëèêîìó÷åíèêà è Ïîáåäîíîñöà Ãåîðãèÿ] )GQTIU /GFCKNNG (ÒT 6CRHGTMGKV =Ãåîðãèåâèåñêèé Ìåäàëü Çà Õðàáðîñòü ] /QFGNN UVCVWCTKUEJ FGO 5V )GQTIU 1TFGP CHHKNKKGTV – /GFCKNNG -NCUUG )QNF I 4CPF UVCTM DGTCTDGKVGV CWH FGO 4GXGTU PWOOGTKGTV 0Q OGJTGTG 4CPFFGNNGP WPF OKP 4CPFUEJ·FGP QJPG $CPF &+# ++ +++ &CU /QFGNN FKGUGT /GFCKNNG WPVGTUEJGKFGV UKEJ XQO GDGPHCNNU XKGTMNCUUKIGP /QFGNN FWTEJ FCU (GJNGP FGU &QRRGNTCPFGU CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG

-CKUGTNKEJGT 1TFGP FGU JGKNKIGP )TQ­O·TV[TGTU )GQTI FGU 5KGITGKEJGP =Îðäåí èìïåð±òîðñêèé Ñâÿàòîãî Âåëèêîìó÷åíèêà è Ïîáåäîíîñöà Ãåîðãèÿ] )GQTIU /GFCKNNG (ÒT 6CRHGTMGKV =Ãåîðãèåâèåñêèé Ìåäàëü Çà Õðàáðîñòü ] /QFGNN UVCVWCTKUEJ FGO 5V )GQTIU 1TFGP CHHKNKKGTV ņ /GFCKNNG -NCUUG 5KNDGT CWH FGO 4GXGTU PWOOGTKGTV 0Q CO PGWGP RGPVCIQPCN IGHCNVGVGP $CPF &+# ++

345


SAMMLUNG RUSSLAND

1146 (1:1)

-CKUGTNKEJGT 1TFGP FGU JGKNKIGP )TQ­O·TV[TGTU )GQTI FGU 5KGITGKEJGP =Îðäåí èìïåð±òîðñêèé Ñâÿàòîãî Âåëèêîìó÷åíèêà è Ïîáåäîíîñöà Ãåîðãèÿ] )GQTIU /GFCKNNG (ÒT 6CRHGTMGKV =Ãåîðãèåâèåñêèé Ìåäàëü Çà Õðàáðîñòü ] /QFGNN UVCVWCTKUEJ FGO 5V )GQTIU 1TFGP CHHKNKKGTV – /GFCKNNG -NCUUG 5KNDGT CWH FGO 4GXGTU PWOOGTKGTV 0Q CP PGWGT UQYLGVK UEJGT 2GPVCIQPCN $CPFURCPIG &+# ++

1147 (1:1)

-CKUGTNKEJGT 1TFGP FGU JGKNKIGP #RQUVGNINGKEJGP (ÒTUVGP 9NCFKOKT =Îðäåí èìïåð±òîðñêèé Ñâÿàòîãî Ðàâíîàïîñòîëüíîãî Êíÿçÿ Âëàäèìèðà] ,WYGNKGTUCPHGTVKIWPI GKPGU -TGW\GU -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP Z OO )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK OKP %JKRU KP FGT UEJYCT\GP 'OCKNNG FGT #TOWOHCUUWPIGP OKP 'OCKNNG 5RTÒPIG KO #XGTU /GFCKNNQP FKG +PUEJTKHV FGU 4GXGTU /GFCKNNQP U VTCIGDGFKPIV XQNNUV·PFKI XGTICPIGP CWH FGT ¤UG )QNFRWP\G \W <QNQVPKMK WPF PKEJV GKP FGWVKI KFGPVKHK\KGTDCTG /GKUVGTOCTMG OÌINKEJGTYGKUG +- HÒT ,WNKWU -GKDGN KP 5V 2GVGTUDWTI QJPG $CPFTKPI WPF QJPG $CPF 447 # <- 44 ++ &KG +PUKIPKGP FGT WPF -NCUUG UKPF KO 2TKP\KR KP FGT )TÌ­G KFGPVKUEJ FGT 7PVGTUEJKGF NKGIV PWT KP FGT WPVGT UEJKGFNKEJGP 6TCIGYGKUG -NCUUG CO 5EJWNVGTDCPF WPF -NCUUG CO *CNUDCPF +JTG )TÌ­G UEJYCPMV \YKUEJGP OO WPF OO YQDGK PWT FKG ITÌ­VGP OKV 5KEJGTJGKV FGT -NCUUG \WIGUEJTKGDGP YGTFGP MÌPPGP )GUVKHVGV CO 5GRVGODGT XQP -CKUGTKP -CVJCTKPC ++ CWU #PNC­ KJTGU L·JTKIGP -TÌPWPIULWDKN·WOU CNU XKGTMNCUUKIGT 1TFGP HÒT DGUQPFGTG 8GTFKGPUVG PCEJ L·JTKIGO &KGPUV CNU \KXKNGT $GCOVGT /KV 7MCU XQO 0QXGODGT YWTFG FKG -NCUUG FGU 1TFGPU HÒT -TKGIUXGTFKGPUV OKV GKPGT CWH FGO $CPF DGHGUVKIVGP 5EJNGKHG GKPIGHÒJTV 0CEJFGO WPVGT -CKUGT 2CWN + 2GVTQYKVUEJ FGT 1TFGP PKEJV XGTNKGJGP YQTFGP YCT YWTFG GT XQP UGKPGO 5QJP WPF 0CEJHQNIGT #NGZCPFGT + 2CYNQYKVUEJ CO &G\GODGT YKGFGT DGNGDV 7PVGT -CKUGT #NGZCPFGT ++ 0KMQNCLGYKVUEJ YWTFGP CO #WIWUV TGXKFKGTVG 5VCVWVGP GTNCUUGP IGO·­ FGTGT FGT 1TFGP PWPOGJT HÒT 6CRHGTMGKV OKV 5EJYGTVGTP XGTNKGJGP YGTFGP MQPPVG WPF FKG /GVCNNUVGTPG UVCVV FGT DKUJGT IG UVKEMVGP QHHK\KGNN XGTNKGJGP YWTFGP $KU MQPPVG GT CWEJ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP ÒDGT FGO -TGW\ CWEJ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CO 4KPI IGPCPPV XGTNKGJGP YGTFGP CP 2GTUQPGP FKG DGTGKVU HTÒJGT GKPG PKGFTKIGTG -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP GTJCNVGP JCVVGP &KG -NCUUG UGV\VG FGP UGJT JQJGP ++ 6UEJKP 4CPIMNCUUG XQTCWU FKG WPF -NCUUG FGP +8 6UEJKP WPF FKG -NCUUG PWT FGP 8++ 6UEJKP &GT 1TFGP YWTFG PKG OKV &KCOCPVGP XGTNKGJGP &KG -NCUUG YWTFG HÒT /KNK V·TXGTFKGPUVG OKV GKPGT 5EJNGKHG UGKV OKV 5EJYGTVGTP XGTNKGJGP JÌJGTG -NCUUGP IGIGDGPGPHCNNU OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CO 4KPI CWEJ HÒT DG\KGJWPIUYGKUG &KGPUVLCJTG WPF HÒT DG\KGJWPIUYGKUG 5GGIGHGEJVG #NNG -NCUUGP DTCEJVGP FGP 'TDCFGN FKG -NCUUG UGKV PWT PQEJ FGP RGTUÌPNKEJGP #FGN /KV FGO 7PVGTICPI FGU <CTGPVWOU JÌTVG CWEJ FGT 1TFGP CWH \W DGUVGJGP

346


SAMMLUNG RUSSLAND

1148 (1:1)

1149 (1:1)

1150 (1:1)

Kaiserlicher Orden des heiligen Apostelgleichen Fürsten Wladimir [Îðäåí èìïåðáòîðñêèé Ñâÿàòîãî Ðàâíîàïîñòîëüíîãî Êíÿçÿ Âëàäèìèðà]. -TGW\ FGT -NCUUG Z OO )QNF GOCKN NKGTV I QJPG $CPFTKPI 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK CWH FGO 4GXGTU FGU QDGTGP -TGW\CTOU WPVGT FGT 'OCKNNG /GKUVGTOCTMG ÂÄ HÒT 9NCFKOKT &KPCMQY WPF FGU WPVGTGP -TGW\CTOU *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI ÝÄÓÀÐÄÚ FGT (KTOC 'FWCTF KP 5CPMV 2GVGTUDWTI CWH FGT ¤UG 5V 2GVGTUDWTIGT α -QMQUEJPKM )QNFRWP\G \W <QNQVPKMK XQP DKU QJPG $CPFTKPI WPF QJPG $CPF 447 <- ++ HQNIVG 9NCFKOKT &KPCMQY UGKPGO 8QTI·PIGT ,QJCPP .KPFUVGFV CNU /GKUVGT DGK 'FWCTF KP 5V 2GVGTUDWTI 5QOKV N·­V UKEJ FGT *GTUVGNNWPIU\GKVTCWO CWH FKG ,CJTG \YKUEJGP WPF GKPITGP\GP (ÒT FKGUGP *KPYGKU UGK *GTTP 5GTIG[ .GYKP /QUMCW JGT\NKEJUV IGFCPMV

Kaiserlicher Orden des heiligen Apostelgleichen Fürsten Wladimir [Îðäåí èìïåðáòîðñêèé Ñâÿàòîãî Ðàâíîàïîñòîëüíîãî Êíÿçÿ Âëàäèìèðà]. -TGW\ FGT -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP Z OO )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I QJPG $CPFTKPI 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK FKG XQTFGTUGKVKIG 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK OÌI NKEJGTYGKUG TGUVCWTKGTV OGJTGTG OKP #WUDTÒEJG KP FGT UEJYCT\GP 'OCKNNG CWH #XGTU WPF 4GXGTU FGT -TGW\CTO 7OHCUUWPIGP FKG TQVG 'OCKNNG FGT #TOHGNFGT OCVV CWH FGO 4GXGTU FGU QDGTGP -TGW\CTOU WPVGT FGT 'OCKNNG /GKUVGTOCTMG ÂÄ HÒT 9NCFKOKT &KPCMQY WPF FGU WPVGTGP -TGW\CTOU *GTUVGNNGTDG \GKEJPWPI ÝÄÓÀÐÄÚ FGT (KTOC 'FWCTF KP 5CPMV 2GVGTUDWTI CWH FGP 4ÒEMUGKVGP FGT 5EJYGTVITKHHG -QMQUEJPKM 2WP\GP XQP DKU CWH FGT ¤UG PCJG\W XQNNMQOOGP XGTICPIGPG 5V 2GVGTUDWTIGT

α -QMQUEJPKM )QNFRWP\G \W <QNQVPKMK XQP DKU QJPG $CPFTKPI WPF QJPG $CPF 447 # <- ++ #WHITWPF FGT /GKUVGTOCTMG XQP 9NCFKOKT &KPCMQY N·­V UKEJ FGT *GTUVGNNWPIU\GKVTCWO FKGUGU 'ZGORNCTU CWH FKG ,CJTG \YKUEJGP WPF GKPITGP\GP

Kaiserlicher Orden des heiligen Apostelgleichen Fürsten Wladimir [Îðäåí èìïåðáòîðñêèé Ñâÿàòîãî Ðàâíîàïîñòîëüíîãî Êíÿçÿ Âëàäèìèðà]. ,WYGNKGTUCPHGTVKIWPI GKPGU -TGW\GU -NCUUG Z OO )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I OKV $CPF HGKPUVG 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK CWH FGT ¤UG /GKUVGTOCTMG ) . HÒT )WUVCX .KPFITGP KP 5V 2GVGTUDWTI WPF 5V 2GVGTUDWTIGT )QNFRWP\G \W <QNQVPKMK CO MWT\GP RGP VCIQPCN IGHCNVGVGP $·PFEJGP 447 <- RR ++ )WUVCX .KPFITGP 5EJÒNGT XQP 'TKE ,QJCPP $·EMNWPF KP 'MGP·U MCO NCWV 6COOCPP KP 642 5 PCEJ 5V 2GVGTDWTI WPF GTÌHHPGVG CNU 5KNDGTUEJOKGFGOGKUVGT GKP )GUEJ·HV HÒT 5KNDGTYCTGP 'T HGTVKIVG W C HÒT -CKUGT 0KMQNCWU + OGJTGTG 1TFGPUKPUKIPKGP CP

347


SAMMLUNG RUSSLAND

1151 (1:1)

Kaiserlicher Orden des heiligen Apostelgleichen Fürsten Wladimir [Îðäåí èìïåðáòîðñêèé Ñâÿàòîãî Ðàâíîàïîñòîëüíîãî Êíÿçÿ Âëàäèìèðà]. ,WYGNKGTUCPHGTVKIWPI GKPGU -TGW\GU FGT -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP Z OO )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I QJPG $CPFTKPI HGKPUVG 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FGU WPVGTGP -TGW\CTOU WPVGT FGT 'OCKNNG /GKUVGTOCTMG Ä1 HÒT &OKVTK + 1UKRQX CWH FGT ¤UG -QMQUEJPKM )QNFRWP\G \W <QNQVPKMK XQP DKU QJPG $CPF 447 <- ++ .CWV 6COOCPP KP 642 5 H JCV &OKVTK +YCPQYKVUEJ 1UKRQX UGKPG (KTOC XQT IGITÒPFGV WPF CTDGKVGVG DKU 0CEJ FGO 6QF XQP 'FWCTF (GTPCPFQYKVUEJ &KGVYCNF KO ,CJTG ÒDGTPCJO GT CWEJ FKG #MVKGPOCLQTKV·V FGT (KTOC 'FWCTF FKG GT DKU KPPGJCVVG

1152 (1:1)

Kaiserlicher Orden des heiligen Apostelgleichen Fürsten Wladimir [Îðäåí èìïåðáòîðñêèé Ñâÿàòîãî Ðàâíîàïîñòîëüíîãî Êíÿçÿ Âëàäèìèðà]. ,WYGNKGTUCPHGTVKIWPI GKPGU -TGW\GU -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP Z OO )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I OKV $CPF HGKPUVG 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK FKG TQVG 'OCKNNG XQP HÒPH -TGW\CTOHN·EJGP UVCTM DGUEJ·FKIV FCU #XGTU /GFCKNNQP GVYCU XGTFTGJV CWH FGT ¤UG PKEJV KFGPVKHK\KGTDCTG /GKUVGTOCTMG WPF α 5V 2GVGTUDWTIGT )QNFRWP\G \W <QNQVPKMK XQP DKU CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP 2GPVCIQPCNDCPF OKV CWHIGNGIVGT 5EJNGKHG 447 <- ++

1153 (1:1)

348

Rückseite einer emaillierten Kaiserkrone für ein Kreuz 1. oder 2. Klasse mit Krone des St. Annen- oder St. Stanislaus-Ordens. Z OO )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I 'OCKNNG 5EJ·FGP KP GKPGO CNVGP 'VWK HÒT GKPG PKEJV VTCIDCTG /GFCKNNG +8


SAMMLUNG RUSSLAND

1154 (1:1)

-CKUGTNKEJGT 1TFGP FGT JGKNKIGP #PPC [Îðäåí èìïåð±òîðñêèé Ñâÿòîé Àííü³] /QFGNN CD -TGW\ FGT -NCUUG OKV $TKNNCPVGP Z OO )QNF VNY ITCXKGTV GOCKNNKGTV 5KNDGT DGUGV\V ¯ LQWT OKV &KCOCPVGP KP WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGT )TÌ­G KP #NVUEJNKHH WPF &KCOCPVTQUGP LGYGKNU CWH 'EJVJGKV IGRTÒHV I 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK CWH FGT ¤UG /GKUVGTOCTMG % $ FGT (KTOC %CTN $NCPM KP 5V 2G VGTUDWTI WPF 5V 2GVGTUDWTIGT )QNFRWP\G \W <QNQVPKMK XQP DKU QJPG 5EJWNVGTDCPF /KV 1TKIKPCNKV·VU 'ZRGTVKUG FGU 5VCCVNKEJGP *KUVQTKUEJGP /WUGWOU KP /QUMCW XQO ,WPK 447 # <- 44 ++ $GFGWVGPFGU 1DLGMV KP ÒDGTTCIGPFGT #PHGTVKIWPISWCNKV·V WPF KP CNNGTDGUVGT 'TJCNVWPI OKV FGP QTKIKPCNGP CWH 'EJV JGKV IGRTÒHVGP 5VGKPGP &GT ,WYGNKGT %CTN $NCPM KP 5V 2GVGTUDWTI JCV KP FGP ,CJTGP DKU HÒT -CKUGT 0KMQNCWU ++ IGCTDGKVGV &GT GKPMNCUUKIG 1TFGP FGT JN #PPC YWTFG XQP -CTN (TKGFTKEJ *GT\QI XQP 5EJNGUYKI *QNUVGKP )QVVQTR \WO )GFGPMGP CP UGKPG XGTUVQTDGPG )GOCJNKP #PPC 2GVTQXPC GKPGT 6QEJVGT -CKUGT 2GVGTU FGU )TQ­GP IGUVKHVGV ÒDGTPCJO KJP UGKP 5QJP WPF 0CEJHQNIGT FGT KP\YKUEJGP TWUUKUEJGT -CKUGT

2GVGT +++ IGYQTFGPG *GT\QI %CTN 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ PCEJ 4W­NCPF YQ GT CWEJ PCEJ FGO 8GT\KEJV -CKUGTKP -CVJC TKPCU ++ CWH FCU *GT\QIVWO *QNUVGKP )QVVQTRU XGTDNKGD 'TUV OKV FGT -TÌPWPI XQP FGTGP 5QJP 2CWN + 2GVTQYKVUEJ \WO -CKUGT CO #RTKN YWTFG FGT PWPOGJT FTGKMNCUUKIG 1TFGP KP FCU TWUUKUEJG 1TFGPUU[UVGO KPVGITKGTV YWTFG FKG DKUJGTKIG -NCUUG FGT 5V #PPGP 5·DGN KP FKG -NCUUG WOIGYCPFGNV WPF GKP -TGW\ -NCUUG IGUVKHVGV 7O EC YWTFG FKG )GUVCNVWPI FGT +PUKIPKGP XGT·PFGTV YWTFG HÒT FKG +PUKIPKGP FGT WPF -NCUUG CNU DGUQPFGTGT )PCFGPGTYGKU FKG -TQPG ÒDGT FGO -TGW\ GKPIGHÒJTV KP FKGUGT (QTO DKU XGTNKGJGP WPF FKG -NCUUG HÒT /KNKV·TXGTFKGPUV GTJKGNV GKPG CWH FGO $CPF CPIGDTCEJVG 5EJNGKHG #O #WIWUV YWTFGP FKG -TGW\G WPF CO 1MVQDGT FKG $TWUV UVGTPG HÒT 0KEJVEJTKUVGP IGPGJOKIV #NNG -NCUUGP DTCEJVGP WTURTÒPINKEJ FGP 'TDCFGN CDGT PCEJ DTCEJVGP FKG DKU -NCUUGP PWT PQEJ FGP RGTUÌPNKEJGP #FGN YWTFGP FKG 5EJYGTVGT IGUVKHVGV WPF FKG /GVCNNUVGTPG UVCVV FGT DKUJGTKIGP IGUVKEMVGP QHHK\KGNN <YCT JÌTVG OKV FGO 7PVGTICPI FGU <CTGPVWOU CWEJ FGT 1TFGP CWH \W DGUVGJGP YWTFG CDGT Y·JTGPF FGU $ÒTIGTMTKGIGU XQP GKPKIGP )GPGT·NGP FGT UQIGPCPPVGP 9GK­GP #TOGG DKU KP FKG HTÒJGP GT ,CJTG YGKVGT XGTNKGJGP

349


SAMMLUNG RUSSLAND

1155 (1:1)

Kaiserlicher Orden der heiligen Anna [Îðäåí èìïåðáòîðñêèé Ñâÿòîé Àííü³]. /QFGNN CD -TGW\ FGT -NCUUG Z OO )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I OKV QTKIKPCNGT CNVGT 2JQVRV[RKG CWH FGO 4GXGTU FGU QDGTGP -TGW\CTOU WPVGT FGT 'OCKNNG /GKUVGTOCTMG ÂÄ HÒT 9NCFKOKT &KPCMQY WPF FGU WPVGTGP -TGW\CTOU *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI ÝÄÓÀÐÄÚ FGT (KTOC 'FWCTF KP 5CPMV 2GVGTUDWTI CWH FGT ¤UG -QMQUEJPKM )QNFRWP\G \W <QNQVPKMK XQP DKU KO $CPFTKPI -QMQUEJPKM 2WP\G XQP DKU QJPG 5EJWNVGTDCPF 447 <- + ++ #WHITWPF FGT /GKUVGTOCTMG XQP 9NCFKOKT &KPCMQY N·­V UKEJ FGT *GTUVGNNWPIU\GKVTCWO FKGUGU 'ZGORNCTU CWH FKG ,CJTG \YKUEJGP WPF GKPITGP\GP

1156 (1:1)

350

Kaiserlicher Orden der heiligen Anna [Îðäåí èìïåðáòîðñêèé Ñâÿòîé Àííü³]. /QFGNN CD $TWUVUVGTP QHHK\KGNNG /GVCNN #WUHÒJTWPI CD &WTEJOGUUGT OO 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV /G FCKNNQP #WHNCIGP 5KNDGT VNY GOCKNNKGTV 5RTÒPIG KP FGT 'OCKNNG FGU /GFCKNNQP 4KPIU CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG

WO u KO 7JT\GKIGTUKPP XGTFTGJV &QRRGNCFNGTRWP\G FGT *QHNKGHGTCPVGP XQP DKU *GTUVGN NGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC -GKDGN KP 5V 2GVGTUDWTI WPF 5V 2GVGTUDWTIGT 5KNDGTRWP\G \W <QNQVPKMK XQP DKU CP 0CFGN FKGUG GDGPHCNNU OKV *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI XQP -GKDGN &QRRGNCFNGTRWP\G FGT *QHNKGHGTCPVGP XQP DKU WPF 5V 2GVGTUDWTIGT 5VCFVRWP\G XQP DKU 447 <- ++


SAMMLUNG RUSSLAND

1157 (1:1)

-CKUGTNKEJGT 1TFGP FGT JGKNKIGP #PPC [Îðäåí èìïåð±òîðñêèé Ñâÿòîé Àííü³] /QFGNN CD CNVG HTCP\ÌUKUEJG ,WYGNKGTUCPHGTVKIWPI GKPGU $TWUVUVGTPU &WTEJOGUUGT OO 5KNDGT HGKPUV DTKNNCPVKGTV WPF TGRGTEKGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV /GFCKNNQP (GNF )QNF \KUGNKGTV -TGW\ )QNF GOCKNNKGTV FKG 5VGTPURKV\GP XGTUV·TMV CP 0CFGN OKV \YGK UGKVNKEJGP (KZKGTJCMGP 447 <- 44 + ++ &GT JQJGP *GTUVGNNWPIUSWCNKV·V \WHQNIG FÒTHVG GU UKEJ JKGTDGK WO GKPG #PHGTVKIWPI CWU FGT #PHCPIU\GKV FGU <YGKVGP -CKUGTTGKEJGU WO JCPFGNP 'TUV CO #WIWUV YWTFGP TGXKFKGTVG 5VCVWVGP GTNCUUGP OKV FGPGP $TWUV UVGTPG KP /GVCNN \WT 8GTNGKJWPI IGPGJOKIV YWTFGP $KU FCJKP YWTFGP ITWPFU·V\NKEJ PWT IGUVKEMVG $TWUVUVGTPG XGTNKG JGP YCU OCPEJG 6T·IGT XGTCPNCUUVG UKEJ DGK ,WYGNKGTGP $TWUVUVGTPG KP /GVCNN CPHGTVKIGP \W NCUUGP FC FKGUG DGUQP FGTU \WO #WUVCWUEJ CP FGT 7PKHQTO RTCMVKUEJGT YCTGP

1158 (1:1)

-CKUGTNKEJGT 1TFGP FGT JGKNKIGP #PPC [Îðäåí èìïåð±òîðñêèé Ñâÿòîé Àííü³] /QFGNN CD HTCP\ÌUKUEJG ,WYGNKGTUCPHGTVKIWPI GKPGU -TGW\GU FGT -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP Z OO )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I HGKPUVG 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK CWH FGT ¤UG WPF CWH FGO $CPFTKPI MNGKPG HTCP\ÌUKUEJG )CTCP VKGRWP\G HÒT )QNF UGKV #FNGTMQRH QJPG 5EJWNVGTDCPF 447 <- ++ 351


SAMMLUNG RUSSLAND

1161 (1:1) 1159 (1:1)

1160 (1:1)

Kaiserlicher Orden der heiligen Anna [Îðäåí èìïåðáòîðñêèé Ñâÿòîé Àííü³]. /QFGNN CD -TGW\ FGT -NCUUG HÒT 0KEJVEJTKUVGP CD OKV -TQPG FKG -TQPG HGJNV CDGT FKG $GHGUVKIWPI FCHÒT KUV XQTJCPFGP Z OO )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK DGK XKGT FGT CEJV #TOHGNFGT HGJNV FKG 'OCKNNG HCUV XQNNUV·PFKI FGU 9GKVGTGP OKPKOCNG 'OCKNNG %JKRU KP FGP YGKVGTGP -TGW\CTOHGN FGTP CWH FGO 4GXGTU FGU QDGTGP -TGW\CTOU WPVGT GKPGO 'OCKNNG 4GUV &QRRGNCFNGTRWP\G FGT *QHNKGHG TCPVGP XQP DKU WPF CWH FGO FGU WPVGTGP -TGW\CTOU /GKUVGTOCTMG 9- HÒT 9KNJGNO -GKDGN KP 5V 2GVGTUDWTI CWH FGT ¤UG 5V 2GVGTUDWTIGT ,CJTGURWP\G HÒT WPF HTCP\ÌUKUEJG 'KPHWJTRWP\G HÒT )QNFYCTGP UGKV 7JW QJPG $CPFTKPI WPF QJPG $CPF +8

Kaiserlicher Orden der heiligen Anna [Îðäåí èìïåðáòîðñêèé Ñâÿòîé Àííü³]. /QFGNN CD UR·VGTG PKEJV TWUUKUEJG ,WYGNKGTUCPHGTVKIWPI =NCVGT PQP 4WUUKCP LGYGNNGTU OCPWHCEVWTKPI? GKPGU -TGW\GU -NCUUG OKV $TKNNCPVGP Z OO )QNF GOCKNNKGTV DGUGV\V VNY ¯ LQWT OKV 5KOKNKUVGKPGP 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK CO PGW MQPHGMVKQPKGTVGP ·NVGTGP *CNUDCPF 447 $ <- ++

Kaiserlicher Orden der heiligen Anna [Îðäåí èìïåðáòîðñêèé Ñâÿòîé Àííü³]. /QFGNN CD -TGW\ FGT -NCUUG Z OO )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK CWH FGO 4GXGTU FGU QDGTGP -TGW\CTOU WPVGT FGT 'OCKNNG &QRRGNCFNGTRWP\G FGT *QHNKGHGTCPVGP XQP DKU WPF CWH FGO FGU WPVGTGP -TGW\CTOU /GKUVGTOCTMG #- HÒT #NDGTV -GKDGN KP 5V 2GVGTUDWTI CWH FGT ¤UG -QMQ UEJPKM )QNFRWP\G \W <QNQVPKMK XQP DKU OKV FGO 2TQDKGTOGKUVGT <GKEJGP ßË HÒT ;CMQX .[CRWPQX OKV MQPHGMVKQPKGTVGO *CNUDCPF WPF UGRCTCVGO *CNUDCPF #DUEJPKVV KO GVYCU DGTKGDGPGP QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK XQP 2 5 2GVTQX OKV IQNFHCTDGPGO TWUUKUEJGP &QRRGNCFNGT OKV DGUEJ·FKIVGO 8GTUEJNW­ 447 <- + ++

352


SAMMLUNG RUSSLAND

1162 (1:1)

1163 (1:1) 1164 (1:1)

Kaiserlicher Orden der heiligen Anna [Îðäåí èìïåðáòîðñêèé Ñâÿòîé Àííü³]. /QFGNN CD -TGW\ FGT -NCUUG Z OO )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK CWH FGO 4GXGTU FGU QDGTGP -TGW\CTOU WPVGT FGT 'OCKNNG &QRRGNCFNGTRWP\G FGT *QHNKGHGTCPVGP XQP DKU WPF CWH FGO FGU WPVGTGP -TGW\CTOU /GKUVGTOCTMG #- HÒT #NDGTV -GKDGN KP 5V 2GVGTUDWTI CWH FGT ¤UG 5V 2GVGTUDWTIGT )QNFRWP\G \W <QNQVPKMK XQP DKU CO ITQ­GP $CPFTKPI OO CO WPMQP HGMVKQPKGTVGP *CNUDCPF #DUEJPKVV 447 <- ++ #WHITWPF FGT -QODKPCVKQP FGT /GKUVGTRWP\G XQP #NDGTV -GKDGN WPF FGT 5V 2GVGTUDWTIGT )QNFRWP\G XQP DKU N·­V UKEJ FKG *GTUVGNNWPI FGU -TGW\GU CWH FGP <GKVTCWO \YKUEJGP WPF GKPITGP\GP

Kaiserlicher Orden der heiligen Anna [Îðäåí èìïåðáòîðñêèé Ñâÿòîé Àííü³]. /QFGNN CD -TGW\ FGT -NCUUG Z OO )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I 2JQVQV[RKG KO #XGTU /GFCKNNQP 'OCKN NGOCNGTGK KO 4GXGTU /GFCKNNQP CWH FGO 4GXGTU FGU QDGTGP -TGW\CTOU WPVGT FGT 'OCKNNG /GKUVGTOCTMG ÈË HÒT ,QJCPP .KPFUGVFV WPF CWH FGO FGU WPVGTGP -TGW\CTOU *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI ÝÄÓÀÐÄÚ FGT (KTOC 'FWCTF KP 5CPMV 2GVGTUDWTI CWH FGT ¤UG 5V 2GVGTUDWTIGT α -QMQUEJPKM )QNFRWP\G \W <QNQVPKMK XQP DKU CO $CPFTKPI FKGUGT OKV -QMQUEJPKM 2WP\G XQP DKU CO PGWGP *CNUDCPF #DUEJPKVV 447 <- ++ ,QJCPP .KPFUVGFV CTDGKVGVG XQP DKU DGK 'FWCTF #WHITWPF FGT -QODKPCVKQP UGKPGT /GKUVGTOCTMG OKV FGT -QMQUEJPKM )QNFRWP\G XQP DKU N·­V UKEJ FGT *GTUVGNNWPIU\GKVTCWO CWH FKG ,CJTG \YKUEJGP WPF GKPITGP\GP (ÒT FKGUGP *KPYGKU UGK *GTTP 5GTIG[ .GYKP /QUMCW JGT\NKEJUV IGFCPMV

Kaiserlicher Orden der heiligen Anna [Îðäåí èìïåðáòîðñêèé Ñâÿòîé Àííü³]. /QFGNN CD CNVG ,WYGNKGTUCPHGTVKIWPI GKPGU -TGW\GU FGT -NCUUG Z OO )QNF VNY HGKPUV \KUGNKGTV WPF ITCXKGTV GOCKNNKGTV I 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK FKG #TCDGUMGP \YKUEJGP FGP -TGW\CTOGP WPUCEJIGO·­ OKV .ÌV\KPP TGUVCWTKGTV CWH FGT ¤UG /GKUVGTOCTMG 2. OÌINKEJGTYGKUG HÒT 2GVVGT .CIGTSWKUV KP 5V 2G VGTUDWTI )QNFRWP\G \W <QNQVPKMK WPF WPXQNNUV·PFKIGT ,CJTGURWP\G OÌINKEJGTYGKUG QJPG *CNUDCPF 447 <- ++ .CWV 6COOCPP KP 642 5 MÌPPVG GU UKEJ DGK FGO /GKUVGT OKV FGT /GKUVGTOCTMG 2. OÌINKEJGTYGKUG WO 2GVVGT .CIGTSWKUV JCPFGNP FGT CD CNU /GKUVGT CTDGKVGVG

353


SAMMLUNG RUSSLAND

1165 (1:1)

1166 (1:1)

1167 (1:1)

Kaiserlicher Orden der heiligen Anna [Îðäåí èìïåðáòîðñêèé Ñâÿòîé Àííü³]. #NVG YQJN HTCP\ÌUK UEJG ,WYGNKGTUCPHGTVKIWPI GKPGU -TGW\GU -NCUUG Z OO )QNF VNY HGKPUV \KUGNKGTV WPF ITCXKGTV VNY GOCKNNKGTV I HGKPUVG 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK FKG 8QTFGTUGKVG FGU NKPMGP -TGW\CTOU PCEJ GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT ¤UG PKEJV KFGPVKHK\KGTVG YQJN HTCP\ÌUKUEJG 2WP\KGTWPI CP CNVGT $CPFUEJNGKHG KP 5EJWNVGTDCPF $TGKVG 447 <- ++

Kaiserlicher Orden der heiligen Anna [Îðäåí èìïåðáòîðñêèé Ñâÿòîé Àííü³]. /QFGNN CD -TGW\ FGT -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP Z OO )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I 2JQVQV[RKG KO #XGTU /GFCKNNQP 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK KO 4GXGTU /GFCKNNQP CWH FGO 4GXGTU FGU QDGTGP -TGW\CTOU WPVGT FGT 'OCKNNG /GKUVGTOCTMG ÂÄ HÒT 9NCFKOKT &KPCMQY WPF FGU WPVGTGP -TGW\CTOU *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI ÝÄÓÀÐÄÚ FGT (KTOC 'FWCTF KP 5CPMV 2GVGTUDWTI CWH FGT ¤UG -QMQUEJPKM )QNFRWP\G \W <QNQV PKMK XQP DKU CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FGT 5EJYGTVITKHHG WPF KO $CPFTKPI -QMQUEJPKM 2WP\G XQP DKU OKV MWT\GO *CNUDCPF 447 & <- ++ #WHITWPF FGT /GKUVGTOCTMG XQP 9NCFKOKT &KPCMQY N·­V UKEJ FGT *GTUVGNNWPIU\GKVTCWO FKGUGU 'ZGORNCTU CWH FKG ,CJTG \YKUEJGP WPF GKPITGP\GP

Kaiserlicher Orden der heiligen Anna [Îðäåí èìïåðáòîðñêèé Ñâÿòîé Àííü³]. /QFGNN CD -TGW\ FGT -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP Z OO )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I 2JQVQV[RKG KO #XGTU /GFCKNNQP 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK KO 4GXGTU /GFCKNNQP CWH FGO 4GXGTU FGU QDGTGP -TGW\CTOU WPVGT FGT 'OCKNNG /GKUVGTOCTMG ÂÄ HÒT 9NCFKOKT &KPCMQY WPF FGU WPVGTGP -TGW\CTOU *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI ÝÄÓÀÐÄÚ FGT (KTOC 'FWCTF KP 5CPMV 2GVGTUDWTI CWH FGT ¤UG VNY GTJCNVGPG 5V 2GVGTUDWTIGT α -QMQUEJPKM )QNFRWP\G \W <QNQVPKMK XQP DKU CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FGT 5EJYGTVITKHHG WPF KO $CPFTKPI -QMQUEJPKM 2WP\G XQP DKU OKV PGWGO $CPFUVÒEM 447 & <- ++ #WHITWPF FGT /GKUVGTOCTMG XQP 9NCFKOKT &KPCMQY N·­V UKEJ FGT *GTUVGNNWPIU\GKVTCWO FKGUGU 'ZGORNCTU CWH FKG ,CJTG \YKUEJGP WPF GKPITGP\GP

354


SAMMLUNG RUSSLAND

1168 (1:1)

1169 (1:1)

Kaiserlicher Orden der heiligen Anna [Îðäåí èìïåðáòîðñêèé Ñâÿòîé Àííü³]. /QFGNN CD -TGW\ FGT -NCUUG Z OO )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I OKV $CPF 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK 'OCKNNG 5RTWPI CWH FGT 8QTFGTUGKVG FGU NKPMGP -TGW\CTOU CWH FGO 4GXGTU FGU QDGTGP -TGW\CTOU WPVGT FGT 'OCKNNG &QRRGNCFNGTRWP\G FGT *QHNKGHGTCPVGP XQP DKU WPF CWH FGO FGU WPVGTGP -TGW\CTOU /GKUVGT OCTMG #- HÒT #NDGTV -GKDGN KP 5V 2GVGTUDWTI CWH FGT ¤UG 5V 2GVGTUDWTIGT )QNFRWP\G \W <QNQV PKMK XQP DKU OKV UEJOCNGO CNVGP XGTP·JVGP $·PFEJGP \WT 6TCIGYGKUG CNU 5EJNCWHG CP FGT 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG 447 <- ++ #WHITWPF FGT -QODKPCVKQP FGT /GKUVGTOCTMG XQP #NDGTV -GKDGN OKV FGT 5V 2GVGTUDWTIGT )QNFRWP\G XQP DKU N·­V UKEJ FGT *GTUVGNNWPIU\GKVTCWO FKGUGU 5VÒEMU CWH FKG ,CJTG \YKUEJGP WPF GKPITGP\GP

Kaiserlicher Orden der heiligen Anna [Îðäåí èìïåðáòîðñêèé Ñâÿòîé Àííü³]. /QFGNN CD -TGW\ FGT -NCUUG Z OO )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I QJPG $CPFTKPI 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK CWH FGO 4GXGTU FGU QDGTGP -TGW\CTOU WPVGT FGT 'OCKNNG &QRRGNCFNGTRWP\G FGT *QHNKGHGTCPVGP XQP DKU WPF CWH FGO FGU WPVGTGP -TGW\CTOU /GKUVGTOCTMG +- HÒT ,WNKWU -GKDGN KP 5V 2GVGTUDWTI CWH FGT ¤UG 5V 2GVGTUDWTIGT )QNFRWP\G \W <QNQVPKMK XQP DKU QJPG $CPF 447 <- ++ #WHITWPF FGT -QODKPCVKQP FGT /GKUVGTOCTMG XQP ,WNKWU -GKDGN OKV FGT 5V 2GVGTUDWTIGT )QNFRWP\G XQP DKU N·­V UKEJ FGT *GTUVGNNWPIU\GKVTCWO FKGUGU 5VÒEMU CWH FKG ,CJTG \YKUEJGP WPF GKPITGP\GP

1170 (1:1)

1171 (1:1)

Kaiserlicher Orden der heiligen Anna [Îðäåí èìïåðáòîðñêèé Ñâÿòîé Àííü³]. /QFGNN CD -TGW\ FGT -NCUUG Z OO )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I 2JQVQV[RKG KO #XGTU /GFCKNNQP 'OCKN NGOCNGTGK KO 4GXGTU /GFCKNNQP 'OCKNNG 5RTWPI CWH FGT 8QTFGTUGKVG FGU NKPMGP -TGW\CTOU CWH FGO 4GXGTU FGU QDGTGP -TGW\CTOU WPVGT FGT 'OCKNNG /GKUVGTOCTMG ÂÄ HÒT 9NCFKOKT &KPCMQY WPF FGU WPVGTGP -TGW\CTOU *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI ÝÄÓÀÐÄÚ FGT (KTOC 'FWCTF KP 5CPMV 2GVGTUDWTI CWH FGT ¤UG -QMQUEJPKM )QNFRWP\G \W <QNQVPKMK XQP DKU QJPG $CPF 447 <- ++ #WHITWPF FGT -QODKPCVKQP FGT /GKUVGTOCTMG XQP ,WNKWU -GKDGN OKV FGT 5V 2GVGTUDWTIGT )QNFRWP\G XQP DKU N·­V UKEJ FGT *GTUVGNNWPIU\GKVTCWO FKGUGU 5VÒEMU CWH FKG ,CJTG \YKUEJGP WPF GKPITGP\GP

Kaiserlicher Orden der heiligen Anna [Îðäåí èìïåðáòîðñêèé Ñâÿòîé Àííü³]. /QFGNN CD -TGW\ FGT -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP Z OO )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I OKV $CPF 'OCKNNGOCNG TGK FKG 5EJYGTVGT OÌINKEJGTYGKUG IGIQUUGP WPF UR·VGT JKP\WIGHÒIV CWH FGO 4GXGTU FGU QDGTGP -TGW\CTOU WPVGT FGT 'OCKNNG &QRRGNCFNGTRWP\G FGT *QHNKGHGTCPVGP XQP DKU WPF FGU WPVGTGP -TGW\CTOU /GKUVGTOCTMG #- HÒT #NDGTV -GKDGN KP 5V 2GVGTUDWTI CWH FGT ¤UG 5CPMV 2GVGTUDWTIGT )QNFRWP\G \W <QNQVPKMK XQP DKU CO QTKIKPCNGP 2GPVCIQPCNDCPF OKV SWGTNKGIGPFGT IGH·N VGNVGT $CPFUEJNGKHG ++ #WHITWPF FGT -QODKPCVKQP FGT /GKUVGTOCTMG XQP #NDGTV -GKDGN OKV FGT 5V 2GVGTUDWTIGT )QNFRWP\G XQP DKU N·­V UKEJ FGT *GTUVGNNWPIU\GKVTCWO FKGUGU 5VÒEMU CWH FKG ,CJTG \YKUEJGP WPF GKPITGP\GP

355


SAMMLUNG RUSSLAND

1173

1172

Kaiserlicher Orden der heiligen Anna [Îðäåí èìïåðáòîðñêèé Ñâÿòîé Àííü³]. /QFGNN CD HTCP\ÌUKUEJG #PHGTVKIWPI GKPGU -TGW\GU FGT -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP Z OO $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV HGKPG 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK QJPG $CPF ++ Kaiserlicher Orden der heiligen Anna [Îðäåí èìïåðáòîðñêèé Ñâÿòîé Àííü³]. 5V #PPC /GFCKNNG /QFGNN #WUICDG HÒT #WUN·PFGT QJPG 6T·IGTPWOOGT ņ CD $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV VNY GOCKNNKGTV OKP 'OCKNNG #WUDTWEJ QJPG 6T·IGTPWOOGT CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP 6TCIGTKPI OKV MWT\GO CNVGP $CPFCDUEJPKVV OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DGHGUVKIV &+# XCT 447 ++ &CU 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP EC WPF WPF FÒTHVG KO \YGKVGP 3WCTVCN FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU JGTIGUVGNNV YQTFGP UGKP -CKUGT 2CWN + TGI UGKV JCV FKG /GFCKNNG CO 0QXGODGT CNU #WU\GKEJPWPI HÒT &KGPUV LCJTG XQP 7PVGTQHHK\KGTGP WPF /CPPUEJCHVGP IGUVKHVGV 7PVGT -CKUGT #NGZCPFGT + TGI UGKV UQNNVG UKG \WP·EJUV PWT PQEJ CNU 6CRHGTMGKVU #WU\GKEJPWPI XGTNKGJGP YGTFGP YCU CDGT FWTEJ FKG 5VKHVWPI FGU 5V )GQTIU -TGW\GU YKGFGT JKPH·NNKI YWTFG #D YWTFG UKG CP #WUN·PFGT WPPWOOGTKGTV XGTNKGJGP #O #WIWUV HÒJTVG -CKUGT 0KMQNCWU + TGI UGKV FKG #WUHÒJTWPI HÒT 0KEJVEJTKUVGP GKP -CKUGT #NGZCPFGT ++ TGI UGKV IGPGJOKIVG CO ,WNK FKG 8GTNGKJWPI FGT /GFCKNNG CWEJ CP <KXKNKUVGP HÒT JGTXQTTCIGPFG 8GTFKGPUVG #P #WUN·PFGT YWTFG FKG /GFCKNNG QJPG 6T·IGTPWOOGT XGTNKGJGP

1174 (1:1)

356

Kaiserlicher und Königlicher Orden vom heiligen Stanislaus [Îðäåí èìïåðáòîðñêèé è êîðîëéâñêèé Ñâÿòîãî Ñòàíèñëàâà]. /QFGNN -TGW\ FGT -NCUUG #WUHÒJTWPI

#FNGT OKV PCEJ QDGP IGTKEJVGVGP 5EJYKPIGP ņ Z OO )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK #DRNCV\WPIGP KP FGT ITÒPGP 'OCKNNG FGU XQTFGTUGKVKIGP /GFCKNNQP 4KPIU *CCTTK­ KO XQTFGTUGKVKIGP /GFCKNNQP (GNF CWH FGO 4GXGTU FGU QDGTGP -TGW\CTOU &QRRGNCFNGTRWP\G FGT *QHNKGHG TCPVGP XQP DKU WPF CWH FGO FGU WPVGTGP -TGW\CTOU /GKUVGTOCTMG +- HÒT ,WNKWU -GKDGN KP 5V 2GVGTUDWTI CWH FGT ¤UG 5V 2GVGTUDWTIGT )QNFRWP\G XQP DKU OKV QTKIKPCNGT CNVGT MQPHGMVK QPKGTVGT 5EJNGKHG FGU 5EJWNVGTDCPFGU QJPG FCU $CPF 447 <- ++


SAMMLUNG RUSSLAND

#WHITWPF FGT -QODKPCVKQP FGT /GKUVGTOCTMG XQP ,WNKWU -GKDGN OKV FGT 5V 2GVGTUDWTIGT )QNFRWP\G XQP DKU N·­V UKEJ FGT *GTUVGNNWPIU\GKVTCWO FKGUGU 5VÒEMU CWH FKG ,CJTG \YKUEJGP WPF GKPITGP\GP &GT FTGKMNCUUKIG CD &G\GODGT XKGTMNCUUKIG MÌPKINKEJ RQNPKUEJG 1TFGP XQO JN 5VCPKUNCWU YWTFG CO /CK XQP -ÌPKI 5VCPKUNCY ++ #WIWUV 2QPKCVQYUMK IGUVKHVGV /QFGNN WPF FGO RQNPKUEJGP 0CVKQPCN JGKNKIGP 5VCPKUNCWU $KUEJQH XQP -TCMCW MCPQPKUKGTV IGYKFOGV &WTEJ FKG PGWGP 5VCVWVGP XQO 0QXGODGT YWTFG GT XQP -CKUGT 0KMQNCWU + 2CYNQYKVUEJ WPVGT FKG MCKUGTNKEJ TWUUKUEJGP 1TFGP CWHIGPQOOGP /QFGNN 5GKV FKGUGO <GKVRWPMV MQPPVG FKG -NCUUG CWEJ OKV $TWUVUVGTP CNNGTFKPIU PWT CP #WUN·PFGT XGTNKGJGP YGTFGP <YKUEJGP WPF YKGUGP FKG QHHK\KGNN XGTNKGJGPGP -TGW\G #FNGT OKV YGKV CWUIGDTGKVGVGP 5EJYKPIGP CWH /QFGNN #WUHÒJTWPI FKG KPQHHK\KGNN UQICT DKU KP FKG GT ,CJTG JGTIGUVGNNV YWTFGP JCDGP FKG FCOCNU QHHK\KGNNGP 1TFGPULWYGNKGTG -GKDGN -·OOGTGT +PUKIPKGP OKV PCEJ QDGP IGTKEJVGVGP #FNGTUEJYKPIGP GKPIGHÒJTV #NU DGUQPFGTGT )PCFGPGTYGKU MQPPVGP FKG WPF -NCUUG XQP DKU OKV MCKUGTNKEJGT -TQPG XGTNKGJGP YGTFGP /KV FGP PGWGP 5VCVWVGP XQP YWTFG FKG -NCUUG CDIGUEJCHHV +P FGP ,CJTGP JCVVG FGT 1TFGP PWT FKG -NCUUG #O #WIWUV YWTFGP FKG -TGW\G WPF CO 1MVQDGT FKG $TWUVUVGTPG HÒT 0KEJVEJTKU VGP IGPGJOKIV YWTFG FKG 8GTNGKJWPI XQP $TWUVUVGTPGP KP /GVCNN QHHK\KGNN IGPGJOKIV /KV MCKUGTNKEJGO 7MCU -CKUGT #NGZCPFGT ++ 0KMQNCLGYKVUEJ XQO #WIWUV YWTFGP IGMTGW\VG 5EJYGTVGT CWH FGP +PUKIPKGP HÒT 8GTNGKJWPIGP HÒT 6CRHGTMGKV KO -CORH IGPGJOKIV #O #RTKN GTJKGNV FKG -NCUUG HÒT /KNKV·TXGTFKGPUV GKPG CWH FGO $CPF CPIGDTCEJVG 5EJNGKHG #D WPIGH·JT FGO INGKEJGP ,CJT MQPPVGP IGO·­ GKPGT LGYGKNKIGP RGTUÌPNK EJGP 'PVUEJGKFWPI FGU <CTGP 4KVVGT FGU 5V #PFTGCU 1TFGPU FKG FGP 5V 5VCPKUNCWU 1TFGP PQEJ PKEJV GTJCNVGP JCVVGP FKGUGP INGKEJ\GKVKI OKV LGPGO GTJCNVGP +P FGT *KGTCTEJKG FGT TWUUKUEJGP 1TFGP UVCPF GT CP WPVGTUVGT 5VGNNG CDGT UGKPG -NCUUG TCPIKGTVG JÌJGT CNU FKG -NCUUG FGU 5V #PPC 1TFGPU WPF UGKPG -NCUUG JÌJGT CNU FKG -NCUUG FGU 5V #PPC 1TFGPU WPF FKG -NCUUG FGU 5V 9NCFKOKT 1TFGPU 0CEJFGO GT XQP FGT 2TQXKUQTKUEJGP 4GIKGTWPI ÒDGTPQOOGP YQTFGP YCT /QFGNN YWTFG GT XQP FGP $QN UEJGYKMK CDIGUEJCHHV YWTFG FGT 1TFGP KP 2QNGP CNU JCNDQHHK\KGNNGT 1TFGP WPVGT FGO 2CVTQPCV FGT MCVJQNK UEJGP -KTEJG YKGFGT DGNGDV

1175 (1:1)

Kaiserlicher und Königlicher Orden vom heiligen Stanislaus [Îðäåí èìïåðáòîðñêèé è êîðîëéâñêèé Ñâÿòîãî Ñòàíèñëàâà]. /QFGNN $TWUVUVGTP QHHK\KGNNG /GVCNN #WUHÒJTWPI

CD &WTEJOGUUGT OO 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV /GFCKNNQP #WHNCIGP )QNF VNY GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG &QRRGNCFNGTRWP\G FGT *QHNKGHGTCPVGP XQP DKU *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC -GKDGN KP 5V 2GVGTUDWTI WPF 5V 2GVGTUDWTIGT 5KNDGTRWP\G \W <QNQVPKMK XQP DKU CP 0CFGN FKGUG GDGPHCNNU OKV *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI XQP -GKDGN &QRRGNCFNGTRWP\G FGT *QHNKGHGTCPVGP XQP DKU WPF 5V 2GVGTUDWTIGT 5VCFVRWP\G XQP DKU 447 <- + ++

357


SAMMLUNG RUSSLAND

1176 (1:1)

Kaiserlicher und Königlicher Orden vom heiligen Stanislaus [Îðäåí èìïåðáòîðñêèé è êîðîëéâñêèé Ñâÿòîãî Ñòàíèñëàâà]. /QFGNN -TGW\ FGT -NCUUG HÒT 0KEJVEJTKUVGP Z OO )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I 'OCKNNGTGRCTCVWTGP KP FGP /GFCKNNQP <GPVTGP CWH FGO 4GXGTU FGU QDGTGP -TGW\CTOU &QRRGNCFNGTRWP\G FGT *QHNKGHGTCPVGP XQP DKU WPF CWH FGO FGU WPVGTGP -TGW\CTOU /GKUVGTOCTMG #- HÒT #NDGTV -GKDGN KP 5V 2GVGTUDWTI CWH FGT ¤UG 5V 2GVGTUDWTIGT )QNF RWP\G XQP DKU QJPG 5EJWNVGTDCPF 447 $ <- + ++ #WHITWPF FGT -QODKPCVKQP FGT /GKUVGTOCTMG XQP #NDGTV -GKDGN OKV FGT 5V 2GVGTUDWTIGT )QNFRWP\G XQP DKU N·­V UKEJ FGT *GTUVGNNWPIU\GKVTCWO FKGUGU 5VÒEMU CWH FKG ,CJTG \YKUEJGP WPF GKPITGP\GP

1177

358

Kaiserlicher und Königlicher Orden vom heiligen Stanislaus [Îðäåí èìïåðáòîðñêèé è êîðîëéâñêèé Ñâÿòîãî Ñòàíèñëàâà]. .GGTGU QJPG FKG +PUKIPKGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGU 'VWK \WT -NCUUG FGU 1TFGPU OKV 5VGTP FKG $KPFWPI \YKUEJGP 'VWK WPF &GEMGN CNV TGUVCWTKGTV FCU 'VWK CP XGT UEJKGFGPGP 5VGNNGP DGTKGDGP +++


SAMMLUNG RUSSLAND

1178 (1:1)

(verkleinert)

1178 (1:1)

Kaiserlicher und Königlicher Orden vom heiligen Stanislaus [Îðäåí èìïåðáòîðñêèé è êîðîëéâñêèé Ñâÿòîãî Ñòàíèñëàâà]. /QFGNN -TGW\ FGT -NCUUG #WUHÒJTWPI

#FNGT OKV PCEJ QDGP IGTKEJVGVGP 5EJYKPIGP ņ Z OO )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK CWH FGO 4GXGTU UQYQJN FGU QDGTGP CNU CWEJ FGU WPVGTGP JKGT CWH FGO -QRH UVGJGPF -TGW\CTOU /GKUVGTOCTMG ÂÄ HÒT 9NCFKOKT &KPCMQY KP 5CPMV 2GVGTUDWTI CWH FGT ¤UG 5V 2GVGTUDWT IGT α -QMQUEJPKM )QNFRWP\G \W <QNQVPKMK XQP DKU FGT $CPFTKPI OKV -QMQUEJPKM 2WP\G XQP DKU \WUCOOGP OKV NCPIGO QTKIKPCNGO CNVGO WPMQPHGMVKQPKGTVGO *CNUDCPF #DUEJPKVV WPF 6TCIGKPUVTWMVKQPGP HÒT CNNG -NCUUGP FGU 1TFGPU KP HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT 5RTCEJG KO QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK XQP 2GVTQX 447 <- ++ #WHITWPF FGT /GKUVGTOCTMG XQP 9NCFKOKT &KPCMQY N·­V UKEJ FGT *GTUVGNNWPIU\GKVTCWO FKGUGU 'ZGORNCTU CWH FKG ,CJTG \YKUEJGP WPF GKPITGP\GP

1179 (1:1)

Kaiserlicher und Königlicher Orden vom heiligen Stanislaus [Îðäåí èìïåðáòîðñêèé è êîðîëéâñêèé Ñâÿòîãî Ñòàíèñëàâà]. /QFGNN -TGW\ FGT -NCUUG #WUHÒJTWPI

#FNGT OKV PCEJ QDGP IGTKEJVGVGP 5EJYKPIGP ņ Z OO )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK CWH FGO 4GXGTU FGU QDGTGP -TGW\CTOU &QRRGNCFNGTRWP\G FGT *QHNKGHGTCPVGP XQP DKU WPF CWH FGO FGU WPVGTGP -TGW\CTOU /GKUVGTOCTMG #- HÒT #NDGTV -GKDGN KP 5V 2GVGTUDWTI CWH FGT ¤UG 5V 2GVGTUDWTIGT )QNFRWP\G XQP DKU CO NCPIGP QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP WPMQPHGMVKQPKGT VGP *CNUDCPF #DUEJPKVV 447 <- ++ #WHITWPF FGT -QODKPCVKQP FGT /GKUVGTOCTMG XQP #NDGTV -GKDGN OKV FGT 5V 2GVGTUDWTIGT )QNFRWP\G XQP DKU N·­V UKEJ FGT *GTUVGNNWPIU\GKVTCWO FKGUGU 5VÒEMU CWH FKG ,CJTG \YKUEJGP WPF GKPITGP\GP

359


SAMMLUNG RUSSLAND

1180 (1:1)

Kaiserlicher und Königlicher Orden vom heiligen Stanislaus [Îðäåí èìïåðáòîðñêèé è êîðîëéâñêèé Ñâÿòîãî Ñòàíèñëàâà]. /QFGNN -TGW\ FGT -NCUUG #WUHÒJTWPI

#FNGT OKV PCEJ QDGP IGTKEJVGVGP 5EJYKPIGP ņ Z OO )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK \YGK #FNGT \YKUEJGP FGP -TGW\CTOGP HGJNGP GKPGT TGUVCWTKGTV CWH FGO 4GXGTU FGU QDGTGP -TGW\CTOU /GKUVGTOCTMG ÈË HÒT ,QJCPP .KPFUVGFV WPF FGU WPVGTGP -TGW\CTOU *GTUVGNNGTDG \GKEJPWPI ÝÄÓÀÐÄÚ HÒT FKG (KTOC 'FWCTF KP 5CPMV 2GVGTUDWTI CWH FGT ¤UG -QMQUEJPKM )QNFRWP\G \W <QNQVPKMK XQP DKU CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP XQNNUV·PFKI MQPHGMVKQPKGTVGP *CNUDCPF <- +8 #WHITWPF FGT -QODKPCVKQP FGT /GKUVGTOCTMG XQP ,QJCPP .KPFUVGFV OKV FGT -QMQUEJPKM )QNFRWP\G XQP DKU N·­V UKEJ FGT *GTUVGNNWPIU\GKVTCWO CWH FKG ,CJTG \YKUEJGP WPF GKPITGP\GP

1181 (1:1)

Kaiserlicher und Königlicher Orden vom heiligen Stanislaus [Îðäåí èìïåðáòîðñêèé è êîðîëéâñêèé Ñâÿòîãî Ñòàíèñëàâà]. /QFGNN -TGW\ FGT -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP #WUHÒJTWPI #FNGT OKV PCEJ QDGP IGTKEJVGVGP 5EJYKPIGP ņ Z OO )QNF GOCKN NKGTV I 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK #DRNCV\WPIGP KP FGT ITÒPGP 'OCKNNG FGU .QTDGGTMTCP\GU KO #XGTU /G FCKNNQP FKG 5EJYGTVGT YQJN CNV PCEJIGNÌVGV CWH FGO 4GXGTU FGU QDGTGP -TGW\CTOU WPVGT FGT 'OCKNNG /GKUVGTOCTMG ÂÄ HÒT 9NCFKOKT &KPCMQY WPF FGU WPVGTGP -TGW\CTOU *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI ÝÄÓÀÐÄÚ FGT (KTOC 'FWCTF KP 5CPMV 2GVGTUDWTI CWH FGT ¤UG -QMQUEJPKM )QNFRWP\G \W <QNQV PKMK XQP DKU CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FGT 5EJYGTVITKHHG XQP \YGK -TGW\URKV\ -ÒIGNEJGP XQP \YGK $ÌIGP \YKUEJGP FGP -TGW\URKV\GP WPF CWH FGO $CPFTKPI -QMQUEJPKM 2WP\G XQP DKU CO NCPIGP QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP XQNNUV·PFKI MQPHGMVKQPKGTVGP *CNUDCPF <- ++ #WHITWPF FGT /GKUVGTOCTMG XQP 9NCFKOKT &KPCMQY N·­V UKEJ FGT *GTUVGNNWPIU\GKVTCWO FKGUGU 'ZGORNCTU CWH FKG ,CJTG \YKUEJGP WPF GKPITGP\GP

360


SAMMLUNG RUSSLAND

1182 (1:1)

Kaiserlicher und Königlicher Orden vom heiligen Stanislaus [Îðäåí èìïåðáòîðñêèé è êîðîëéâñêèé Ñâÿòîãî Ñòàíèñëàâà]. /QFGNN -TGW\ FGT -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP #WUHÒJTWPI #FNGT OKV PCEJ QDGP IGTKEJVGVGP 5EJYKPIGP ņ Z OO )QNF GOCKN NKGTV I 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK FKG PKEJV RTQDGO·­KIGP 5EJYGTVGT UR·VGT JKP\WIGHÒIV CWH FGO 4GXGTU FGU QDGTGP -TGW\CTOU &QRRGNCFNGTRWP\G FGT *QHNKGHGTCPVGP XQP DKU WPF CWH FGO FGU WPVGTGP -TGW\CTOU /GKUVGTOCTMG #- HÒT #NDGTV -GKDGN KP 5V 2GVGTUDWTI CWH FGT ¤UG 5V 2GVGTUDWTIGT )QNF RWP\G XQP DKU CO MWT\GP QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP WPMQPHGMVKQPKGTVGP LGFQEJ IGVTCIGPGP *CNUDCPF #DUEJPKVV 447 <- ++ #WHITWPF FGT -QODKPCVKQP FGT /GKUVGTOCTMG XQP #NDGTV -GKDGN OKV FGT 5V 2GVGTUDWTIGT )QNFRWP\G XQP DKU N·­V UKEJ FGT *GTUVGNNWPIU\GKVTCWO FKGUGU 5VÒEMU CWH FKG ,CJTG \YKUEJGP WPF GKPITGP\GP &KG 5EJYGTVGT FKG PKEJV FGT (QTO TWUUKUEJGT 5EJYGTVGT GPVURTGEJGP YWTFGP UR·VGT CDGT OÌINKEJGTYGKUG FGPPQEJ CNV JKP\WIGHÒIV GXGPVWGNN CWHITWPF FGT 0CEJXGTNGKJWPI FGT 5EJYGTVGT \WO DGTGKVU KPPGJCDGPFGP -TGW\ -NCUUG

1183 (1:1)

Kaiserlicher und Königlicher Orden vom heiligen Stanislaus [Îðäåí èìïåðáòîðñêèé è êîðîëéâñêèé Ñâÿòîãî Ñòàíèñëàâà]. /QFGNN -TGW\ FGT -NCUUG #WUHÒJTWPI

#FNGT OKV PCEJ QDGP IGTKEJVGVGP 5EJYKPIGP ņ Z OO )QNF GOCKNNKGTV I 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK #DRNCV\WPIGP KP FGT ITÒPGP 'OCKNNG FGU .QTDGGTMTCP\GU KO #XGTU /GFCKNNQP CWH FGO #XGTU FGU QDGTGP -TGW\CTOU WPVGT FGT 'OCKNNG &QRRGNCFNGTRWP\G FGT *QHNKGHGTCPVGP XQP DKU WPF FGO 4GXGTU *GTUVGNNGTOCTMG 9- XQP 9KNJGNO -GKDGN KP 5V 2GVGTUDWTI CWH FGT ¤UG )QNFRWP\G \W <QNQVPKMK WPF ,CJTGURWP\G YQJN XQP OKV CNV GTI·P\VGO $CPFTKPI OKV CNVGO CDGT YQJN GVYCU UR·VGTGO $CPFUVÒEM <- RR ++ +O .CWHG FGT GT ,CJTG YGEJUGNVG 9KNJGNO -GKDGN NCWV 6COOCP KP 642 5 HH OKV )GPGJOKIWPI FGU 1T FGPUMCRKVGNU FGP (GKPIGJCNV FGU )QNFGU XQP <QNQVPKMK EV CWH <QNQVPKMK EV UQ FC­ FKG 'PVUVGJWPIU \GKV FGU JKGT CPIGDQVGPGP 'ZGORNCTU CWH FGP <GKVTCWO \YKUEJGP /KVVG FGT GT ,CJTG WPF 6QFGULCJT 9KN JGNO -GKDGNU GKPIGITGP\V YGTFGP WPF CWHITWPF FGT GTMGPPDCTGP (QTO FGT 2WP\G CWH YQJN GKPIGITGP\V HGUV IGNGIV MCPP

Kaiserlicher und Königlicher Orden vom heiligen Stanislaus [Îðäåí èìïåðáòîðñêèé è êîðîëéâñêèé Ñâÿòîãî Ñòàíèñëàâà]. 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG FGU 1TFGPUMCRKVGNU \WT -NCUUG HÒT FGP .GWVPCPV FGU KVCNKGPKUEJGP *GGTGU 2KXGVVC FCVKGTV 5V 2GVGTUDWTI CO ,WPK OKV 2T·IGUKGIGN WPF 7PVGTUEJTKHV OKV CNVGT JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJGT ªDGTUGV\WPI KP FKG KVCNKGPKUEJG 5RTCEJG DGKFG OGJTHCEJ GKPIG TKUUGP XGTHNGEMV WPF IGHCNVGV +++

361


SAMMLUNG RUSSLAND

1185 (1:1)

-CKUGTNKEJGT WPF -ÌPKINKEJGT 1TFGP XQO JGKNKIGP 5VCPKUNCWU =Îðäåí èìïåð±òîðñêèé è êîðîë¾âñêèé Ñâÿòîãî Ñòàíèñëàâà] /QFGNN -TGW\ FGT -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP #WUHÒJTWPI #FNGT OKV PCEJ QDGP IGTKEJVGVGP 5EJYKPIGP ņ Z OO )QNF GOCKN NKGTV I OKV $CPF 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK #DRNCV\WPIGP KP FGT ITÒPGP 'OCKNNG FGU .QTDGGTMTCP\GU KO #XGTU /GFCKNNQP FKG 5EJYGTVGT YQJN CNV TGRCTKGTV CWH FGO 4GXGTU FGU WPVGTGP -TGW\CTOU PCJG\W XQNNUV·PFKI XGTICPIGPG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC 'FWCTF KP 5V 2GVGTUDWTI CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FGT 5EJYGTVITKHHG WPF KO $CPFTKPI -QMQUEJPKM 2WP\GP \YKUEJGP WPF CWH FGT ¤UG -QMQUEJ PKM 2WP\G \W <QNQVPKMK \YKUEJGP WPF CO QTKIKPCNGP 2GPVCIQPCNDCPF OKV SWGTNKGIGPFGT IGH·NVGNVGT $CPFUEJNGKHG <- ++

1187

1186

1188

/KNKV·T 1TFGP 8KTVWVK /KNKVCTKŌ /QFGNN OKV FGT ,CJTGU\CJN ņ -TGW\ -NCUUG 5KNDGT OKV CNVGO $CPFTKPI QJPG $CPF OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DGHGUVKIV &+# 447 <- ++ &CU 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP EC WPF WPF YWTFG NCWV #PICDG XQP GKPGO *GTTP 1EMGN GTYQTDGP &GT 1TFGP YWTFG Y·JTGPF FGU RQNPKUEJGP #WHUVCPFGU FCU 5[ODQN FGU 9KFGTUVCPFGU IGIGP FKG TWUUKUEJG *GTT UEJCHV WPF DGUQPFGTU KP FGP WPVGTGP -NCUUGP KP GKPGT ITÌ­GTGP #P\CJN /QFGNN XGTNKGJGP 7O PCEJ FGT GPFIÒNVK IGP 0KGFGTUEJNCIWPI KO *GTDUV FCU CWHUV·PFKUEJG RQNPKUEJG /KNKV·T \W FGOÒVKIGP PCJO -CKUGT 0KMQNCWU +

FGP 1TFGP WPVGT FKG TWUUKUEJGP CWH OKV FGT ,CJTGU\CJN CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG /QFGNN WPF XGTICD FKGUGP HÒT 6CRHGTMGKV CP FKG UKGITGKEJGP TWUUKUEJGP 1HHK\KGTG 7PVGTQHHK\KGTG WPF 5QNFCVGP YQDGK GDGPHCNNU FKG -NCUUG J·WHKI \WT 8GTNGKJWPI MCO 2QNPKUEJG 2JCNGTKUVKMGT DGVTCEJVGP VGKNYGKUG FKGUGU /QFGNN CNU PKEJV FGO 1TFGP \WIGJÌTKI

/KNKV·T 1TFGP 8KTVWVK /KNKVCTKŌ /QFGNN OKV FGT ,CJTGU\CJN ņ -TGW\ -NCUUG GKPHCEJGT CNVGT 5KNDGTIW­ =QNF UKNXGT ECUV? QJPG $CPF &+# 447 <- ++ &CU 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP EC WPF

/GFCKNNG (TKGFG OKV FGT 6ÒTMGK ,WNK [Ìåäàëü Ìèð ñ Òóðöèåé èþëÿ ] 5KNDGT OKV 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT <GKEJGP Þ QJPG $CPF OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPF UEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DGHGUVKIV &+# 447 ++ +++ &CU 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP EC WPF

362


SAMMLUNG RUSSLAND

1189 (1:1)

1,5:1

1189 (1:1)

'*4'0<'+%*'0

/GFCKNNG (ÒT 'KHGT [Ìåäàë Çà Óñåðä³å ] /QFGNN OKV FGO LWPIGP 2QTVCKV -CKUGT 0KMQNCWU + QJPG 5EJPWTTDCTV ņ -NGKPG )QNFGPG /GFCKNNG )QNF I OKV 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT <GKEJGP - HÒT -NGRKMQX QJPG $CPF /KV 1TKIKPCNKV·VU 'ZRGTVKUG FGU 5VCCVNKEJGP *KUVQTKUEJGP /WUGWOU KP /QUMCW XQO 1MVQDGT &+# 447 444 ++ 8QP CNNGTITÌ­VGT 5GNVGPJGKV

1190

1192

1192 1191

/GFCKNNG (ÒT 'KHGT =Ìåäàë Çà Óñåðä³å ] /QFGNN OKV FGO LÒPIGTGP 2QTVTCKV -CKUGT #NGZCPFGTU ++ ņ -NGKPG 5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG #WUICDG OKV 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT <GKEJGP 2 à HÒT 4 )CPPGOCPP 5KNDGT QJPG $CPF OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJ PGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DGHGUVKIV &+# 447 # 4 ++ &CU 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP EC WPF WPF YWTFG NCWV #PICDG GTYQTDGP /GFCKNNG (ÒT 'KHGT =Ìåäàë Çà Óñåðä³å ] /QFGNN OKV FGO 2QTVTCKV -CKUGT 0KMQNCWU ++ ņ -NGKPG )QNFGPG /GFCKNNG ITÌ­GTG #WUHÒJTWPI &WTEJOGUUGT OO 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV 8GTIQN FWPI ITÌ­VGPVGKNU XGTICPIGP CWH FGT ¤UG -QMQUEJPKM 5KNDGTRWP\G \W <QNQVPKMK XQP

CO PGW MQPHGMVKQPKGTVGP 2GPVCIQPCNDCPF FGU 5V #PPGP 1TFGPU &+# ++ $GK FKGUGT DGK &KCMQX KP &+# PKEJV CWHIGHÒJTVGP #WUHÒJTWPI FÒTHVG GU UKEJ WO GKPG #WUICDG CWU FGO <GKVTCWO \YKUEJGP WPF #PHCPI JCPFGNP /GFCKNNG (ÒT 'KHGT [Ìåäàë Çà Óñåðä³å ] /QFGNN OKV FGO 2QTVTCKV -CKUGT 0KMQNCWU ++ ņ )TQ­G 5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG #WUHÒJTWPI OKV 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT 5KIPCVWT 5KNDGT CWH FGO 4G XGTU 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT 5KIPCVWT ÂàñþòKíñê³è HÒT # 8CUKWVKPUMK CO CNVGP \WO &TGKGEMUDCPF XGT P·JVGP *CNUDCPFUVÒEM FGU 5V #PPGP 1TFGPU &+# ++

363


SAMMLUNG RUSSLAND

1194 1193

/GFCKNNG (ÒT 'KHGT =Ìåäàë Çà Óñåðä³å ] /QFGNN OKV FGO 2QTVTCKV -CKUGT 0KMQNCWU ++ ņ -NGKPG 5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG ITÌ­GTG #WUHÒJTWPI &WTEJOGUUGT OO XCTKCPVG 2T·IWPI 5KNDGT CO CNVGP PGW MQPHGMVKQPKGTVGP 2GPVCIQPCNDCPF FGU 5V #PPGP 1TFGPU &+# XCT ++

/GFCKNNG (ÒT 'KHGT =Ìåäàë Çà Óñåðä³å ] #PHGTVKIWPI OKV XGTVKMCN CPIGDTCEJVGT ¤UG 5KNDGT XGT IQNFGV KO *CNUCDUEJPKVV 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT <GKEJGP Ð Ã HÒT 4 )CPPGOCPP CO CNVGP $TWUVDCPF FGU 5V #PPGP 1TFGPU &+# XCT ++

1196

1195

/GFCKNNG (ÒT 'KHGT =Ìåäàë Çà Óñåðä³å ] /QFGNN OKV FGO 2QTVTCKV -CKUGT 0KMQNCWU ++ ņ -NGKPG 5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG ITÌ­GTG #WUHÒJTWPI &WTEJOGUUGT OO 9GK­OGVCNN CO CNVGP PGW MQPHGMVKQPKGTVGP 2GPVCIQPCNDCPF FGU 5V #PPGP 1TFGPU &+# XCT ++ /GFCKNNG (TKGFGP OKV 5EJYGFGP #WIWUV [Ìåäàëü /èð ñî Øâåöèåé àâãóñòà ] #WUICDG OKV 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT 5KIPCVWT KP 5RKGIGNUEJTKHV 5KNDGT QJPG $CPF OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DGHGUVKIV &+# 447 ++ ++ +++ &CU 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP EC WPF WPF YWTFG NCWV #PICDG XQP GKPGO *GTTP /CIPWU GTYQTDGP

1197 (1:1)

-TGW\ 'KPPCJOG XQP +UOCKN &G\GODGT [Êðåñò âçÿòèå Èñìàèëà äåêàáðÿ ] Z OO 0CEJRT·IWPI FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU )QNF I QJPG $CPF &+# 447 4444 ++ #WEJ CNU 0CEJRT·IWPI FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU XQP CW­GTQTFGPVNKEJGT 5GNVGPJGKV -TGW\ WPF /GFCKNNG YWTFGP XQP -CKUGTKP -CVJCTKPC ++ FGT )TQ­GP OKV 7MCU XQO /·T\ IGUVKHVGV WPF CP FKG 6GKNPGJOGT

-TGW\ HÒT FKG 1HHK\KGTG /GFCKNNG HÒT FKG 7PVGTQHHK\KGTG WPF /CPPUEJCHVGP CWUIGIGDGP FKG CMVKX CP FGT 'TUVÒT OWPI FGT QUOCPKUEJGP (GUVWPI +UOCKN Y·JTGPF FGU 4WUUKUEJ 6ÒTMKUEJGP -TKGIGU XQP DKU VGKNIGPQOOGP JCVVGP

364


SAMMLUNG RUSSLAND

1199 (1:1) 1198

1198

,GVQP (TKGFG OKV FGT 6ÒTMGK &G\GODGT [Æåòîí Ìèð ñ Òóðöèåé äåêàáðÿ ] 5KNDGT OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJ VGNEJGP DGHGUVKIV &+# ++ &CU 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP EC WPF WPF YWTFG NCWV #PICDG GTYQTDGP

/GFCKNNG (ÒT FKG 4GKUG TWPF WO FKG 9GNV =Ìåäàëü Çà ïóòåøåñòâèå êðóãîì ñâåòà ] 9QJN 0CEJRT·IWPI FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU WPIGJGPMGNV <KPP OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ· FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DGHGUVKIV 4 ++ +P VCFGNNQUGT 'TJCNVWPI WPF CWEJ CNU 0CEJRT·IWPI XQP ITQ­GT 5GNVGPJGKV 'U UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI FGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU 'KP IGJGPMGNVGU 1TKIKPCNGZGORNCT YWTFG KO 1MVQDGT KP FGT 5EJYGK\ HÒT (TCPMGP RNWU #WHIGNF \WIGUEJNCIGP 8QP -CKUGT #NGZCPFGT + CO #WIWUV IGUVKHVGV KUV FKG 5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG NCWV &KCMQX KP &+# 5 CP CNNG $GUCV\WPIUOKVINKGFGT FGT DGKFGP 5EJKHHG 0CFGUJFC WPF 0GXC FKG CP FGT 'ZRGFKVKQP VGKNIGPQOOGP JCVVGP XGTNKG JGP YQTFGP ņ 7PVGT FGO RGTUÌPNKEJGP 2CVTQPCV XQP -CKUGT #NGZCPFGT + WPF $CTQP 0KMQNC[ 2GVTQ YKVUEJ 4G\CPQX UVCTVGVG KO #WIWUV XQP -TQPUVCFV CWU GKPG TWUUKUEJG CWU FGP DGKFGP WTURTÒPINKEJ DTKVKUEJGP 5EJKHHGP 0CFGUJFC WPF 0GXC DGUVGJGPFG 'ZRGFKVKQP \WT 9GNVWOUGIGNWPI WPVGT .GKVWPI FGU DCNVGP FGWVUEJGP -CRKV·PU ,QJCPP #FCO 4KVVGT XQP -TWUGPUVGTP <KGN YCT GU W C *CPFGNUDG\KGJWPIGP OKV %JKPC WPF ,CRCP \W GVCDNKGTGP FGP *CPFGN OKV 5ÒFCOGTKMC \W XGTGKPHCEJGP WPF -CNKHQTPKGP HÒT GKPG OÌINKEJG TWUUKUEJG -QNQPKUKGTWPI \W GTMWPFGP 0CEJ GKPGT HCUV FTGKL·JTKIGP 4GKUG WO -CR *QTP KP FGP 0QTF 2C\KHKM WPF UEJNKG­NKEJ WO FCU -CR FGT )WVGP *QHHPWPI MGJTVG FKG 'ZRGFKVKQP KO #WIWUV GTHQNITGKEJ PCEJ -TQPUVCFV \W TÒEM 0CEJ UGKPGT 4ÒEMMGJT XGTÌHHGPVNKEJVG XQP -TWUGPUVGTP KP 5CPMV 2GVGTUDWTI UGKPG 4GKUGDGUEJTGKDWPI CWH &GWVUEJ OKV FGO 6KVGN 4GKUG WO FKG 9GNV KP FGP ,CJTGP WPF CWH $GHGJN 5GKPGT -CKUGTNKEJGP /CLGUV·V #NGZCPFGTU FGU 'TUVGP CWH FGP 5EJKHHGP 0CFGUEJFC WPF 0GYC *KGTHÒT WPF CWEJ HÒT UGKPG YGKVGTGP YKU UGPUEJCHVNKEJGP (QTUEJWPIGP YWTFG GT PQEJ KP FGUUGP 5VKHVWPIULCJT CO /CK CNU GKPGT FGT GTUVGP 4KVVGT KP FGP RTGW­KUEJGP 1TFGP RQWT NG O¾TKVG HÒT 9KUUGPUEJCHVGP WPF -ÒPUVG CWHIGPQOOGP PCEJFGO GT \WO #FOKTCN DGHÌTFGTV YQTFGP YCT WPF JÌEJUVG TWUUKUEJG WPF CWUN·PFKUEJG 1TFGP XGTNKGJGP DGMQOOGP JCVVG

1200

-TGW\ 5KGI DGK 2TGW­KUEJ '[NCW =Êðåñò Ïîáåäà ïðè Ïðåéñèø Ýéëàó ] #NVG $TQP\G IW­ -QRKG =EQR[? $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV QJPG $CPF OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPF UEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DGHGUVKIV ++ &CU 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP EC WPF WPF YWTFG NCWV #PICDG CWU FGO 0CEJNC­ GKPGU *GTTP 1EMGN GTYQTDGP

365


SAMMLUNG RUSSLAND

1201 (1:1) 1202 (1:1)

1203 (1:1)

/GFCKNNG (ÒT FGP ªDGTICPI \WT 5EJYGFKUEJGP -ÒUVG =Ìåäàëü Çà ïåðåõîä íà øâåäñêèé áåðåã ] 5KNDGT QJPG $CPF OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP GVYCU DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DGHGUVKIV &+# 447 44 ++ &CU 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP EC WPF WPF YWTFG NCWV #PICDG XQP GKPGO *GTTP /CIPWU GTYQTDGP

/GFCKNNG (ÒT FKG 'KPPCJOG XQP 2CTKU =Ìåäàëü Çà âçÿòèå Ïàðèæà ] 5KNDGT FGWVNKEJG 6TCIGURWTGP QJPG $CPF &+# 447 ++ +++ &KG /GFCKNNG YWTFG XQP -CKUGT #NGZCPFGT + 2CYNQYKVUEJ OKV 7MCU XQO #WIWUV IGUVKHVGV WPF CP CNNG #TOGG #PIGJÌTKIGP XGTIGDGP FKG CMVKX CO (GNF\WI PCEJ (TCPMTGKEJ #PHCPI WPF CP FGT 'KPPCJOG XQP 2CTKU CO /·T\ VGKNIGPQOOGP JCDGP

/GFCKNNG (ÒT FKG 'TUVÒTOWPI XQP 9CTUEJCW =Ìåäàëü Çà âçÿòèå ïðèñòóïîì Âàðøàâû ] -NGKPG /GFCKNNG 5KNDGT QJPG $CPF OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHV NKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DGHGUVKIV &+# 447 4 + ++ &CU 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP EC WPF WPF YWTFG NCWV #PICDG XQT GTYQTDGP

1204 (1:1)

/GFCKNNG HÒT FGP 6ÒTMKUEJ I[RVKUEJGP -TKGI XQP =Ìåäàëü Òóðåöêî Åãèïåòñêàÿ Âîéíà ãîäà] )QNFGPG /GFCKNNG )QNF I OKP 4CPFFGNNG QJPG $CPF /KV 1TKIKPCNKV·VU 'ZRGTVKUG FGU 5VCCVNKEJGP *KUVQTKUEJGP /WUGWOU KP /QUMCW XQO 1MVQDGT &+# 447 444 ++ /WJCOOCF #NK 9CNK )QWXGTPGWT XQP I[RVGP TGI UGKV HÒJTVG 'PFG UGKP *GGT KP GKPGP -TKGI IGIGP FGP QUOCPKUEJGP 5WNVCP /CJOWF ++ TGI UGKV WO FKG *GTTUEJCHV ÒDGT 2CN·UVKPC 5[TKGP WPF #TCDKGP \W ÒDGTPGJOGP 0CEJFGO GT FKG QUOCPKUEJG 5VTGKVOCEJV ÒDGTYWPFGP JCVVG IGTKGV -QPUVCPVKPQ RGN KP FKTGMVG $GFTQJWPI 9·JTGPF UKEJ )TQ­DTKVCPPKGP WPF (TCPMTGKEJ IGIGPÒDGT /WJCOOCF #NK YQJNYQNNGPF \GKIVGP GPVUCPFVG -CKUGT 0KMQNCWU + TGI UGKV GKPG TWUUKUEJG #TOGG \WT 7PVGTUVÒV\WPI FGT *QJGP 2HQTVG &KGUG +PVGTXGPVKQP \YCPI /WJCOOCF #NK KO 8GTVTCI XQP -ÒVCJ[C XQO /CK CWH FGP YGKVGTGP 8QTOCTUEJ \W XGT\KEJVGP GT GTJKGNV LGFQEJ FKG *GTTUEJCHV WPVGT CPFGTGO ÒDGT 5[TKGP +P FGT (QNIG WPVGT\GKEJPGVGP CO ,WNK FCU 4WUUKUEJG WPF FCU 1UOCPKUEJG 4GKEJ FGP 8GTVTCI XQP *ÒPM³T +UMGNGUK \W IGIGPUGKVKIGO $GK UVCPF KO (CNNG GKPGU #PITKHHU FWTEJ &TKVVN·PFGT &KG QUOCPKUEJG *ÒPM³T +UMGNGUK /GFCKNNG FKG XQO QUOCPKUEJGP 5WNVCP CP FKG 6GKNPGJOGT FGT TWUUKUEJGP /KNKV·T 'ZRGFKVKQP IGIGP /WJCOOCF #NK 9CNK XQP I[RVGP XGTNKGJGP YWTFG HKPFGP 5KG WPVGT -CV 0T

366


SAMMLUNG RUSSLAND

1205 (1:1)

Prämienmedaille der Moskauer Akademie für Handelspraxis (1835). 5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG 5KNDGT OKV 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT <GKEJGP # Ë HÒT # .[CNKP QJPG $CPF OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ· FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DGHGUVKIV &+# RRR ++ &CU 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP EC WPF

1206 (1:1)

1207 (1:1)

Medaille "Für die Befriedung von Ungarn und Siebenbürgen" 1849 [Ìåäàëü "Çà óñìèðåíèå Âåíãðèè è Òðàíñèëüâàíèè" 1849]. 5KNDGT QJPG $CPF OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP GVYCU DGUEJ· FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DGHGUVKIV &+# 447 R + ++ &CU 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP EC WPF WPF YWTFG NCWV #PICDG XQT GTYQTDGP 0CEJFGO KO #RTKN KP 7PICTP GKP #WHUVCPF IGIGP FKG ÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJG *GTTUEJCHV CWUIGDTQEJGP WPF 7PICTP \WT 4GRWDNKM CWUIGTWHGP YQTFGP YCT UCJ UKEJ FGT ÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJG -CKUGT (TCP\ ,QUGRJ + IG\YWPIGP -CKUGT 0KMQNCWU + WO 'PVUGPFWPI XQP KP 2QNGP UVCVKQPKGTVGP TWUUKUEJGP 6TWRRGP PCEJ 7PICTP \WT 7PVGTUVÒV\WPI \W DKVVGP #O #WIWUV MCRKVWNKGTVGP FKG 7PICTP DGK 8KN±IQU KP 9GUV 5KGDGPDÒTIGP XQT FGP 4WUUGP &KG /G FCKNNG YWTFG XQP -CKUGT 0KMQNCWU + OKV 7MCU XQO ,CPWCT IGUVKHVGV WPF CP CNNG #PIGJÌTKIGP FGT TWUUKUEJGP #TOGG XGTNKGJGP FKG CMVKX CP FGT 0KGFGTYGTHWPI FGU #WHUVCPFGU VGKNIGPQOOGP JCVVGP

Medaille "Für die Verteidigung von Sebastopol" [Ìåäàëü "Çà çàùèòó Ñåâàñòîïîëÿ"]. 5KNDGT QJPG $CPF OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP GVYCU DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DGHGUVKIV &+# 447 ++ &CU 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP EC WPF WPF YWTFG NCWV #PICDG XQP GKPGO *GTTP (KGYGIGT GTYQTDGP

367


SAMMLUNG RUSSLAND

1208

1209

1209

Medaille "Zur Erinnerung an den Krim-Krieg 1853 - 1856" [Ìåäàëü "Â ïàìÿòü Êðûìñêîé âîéíü³ 1853 - 1856"]. $TQP\GOGFCKNNG #WUICDG KP FWPMNGT $TQP\G $TQP\G CO CNVGP $CPFUVÒEM FGU 5V #P FTGCU 1TFGPU OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ·FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ·EJVGNEJGP DGHGUVKIV &+# 447 # ++ &CU 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP EC WPF WPF YWTFG NCWV #PICDG CO ,WPK XQP GKPGO *GTTP $G[GT KP 9CTUEJCW GTYQTDGP

Kreuz "Zur Erinnerung an den Krim-Krieg 1853 - 1856" [Êðåñò "Â ïàìÿòü Êðûìñêîé âîéíü³ 1853 - 1856"] (für den Klerus). -WRHGT FGWVNKEJ IGVTCIGP QJPG $CPF &+# 447 C +++

1211 1210

Kreuz "Für den Einsatz im Kaukasus" [Êðåñò "Çà ñëóæáó íà Êàâêàçå"] (sogen. "Kaukasus- Kreuz") . -TGW\ KP )QNF Z OO 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF VNY IGUEJY·T\V /GFCKNNQP 4KPI )QNF #FNGT 5KNDGT CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FGU NKPMGP -TGW\CTOU 5V 2GVGTUDWTIGT 5VCFVRWP\G XQP DKU /GKUVGTOCTMG +* HÒT ,QJCPP *GPTKMUQP WPF 5KNDGTRWP\G \W <QNQVPKMK CP 0CFGN 447 # ++ &CU -TGW\ YWTFG XQP -CKUGT #NGZCPFGT ++ 0KMQNCLGYKVUEJ KO ,WNK IGUVKHVGV WPF CP CNNG /KNKV·TCP IGJÌTKIGP FKG CMVKX CP FGP (GNF\ÒIGP VGKNIGPQOOGP JCVVGP XGTNKGJGP ,QJCPP *GPTKMUQP IGDQTGP CTDGKVGVG CD CNU 9GTMOGKUVGT HÒT 0KEJQNNU 2NKPEMG KP 5V 2GVGTUDWTI

368

Kreuz "Für den Einsatz im Kaukasus" [Êðåñò "Çà ñëóæáó íà Êàâêàçå"] (sogen. "Kaukasus- Kreuz") . -TGW\ KP )QNF Z OO 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF VNY IGUEJY·T\V /GFCKNNQP )QNF #FNGT 5KNDGT CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FGU NKPMGP -TGW\CTOU 5V 2GVGTUDWTIGT 5VCFVRWP\G XQP DKU /GKUVGTOCTMG (6 WPF 5KNDGTRWP\G \W <QNQVPKMK CP 5EJTCWDG OKV 5EJTCWDUEJGKDG 447 # ++


SAMMLUNG RUSSLAND

1212 1213

1214

Medaille "FĂźr die Befriedung der Polnischen Rebellion". 1864 [ĂŒüäà Íß "Çà óùÏèðüíèü ïÎÍßùêÎãÎ ÏÿòüÌà ". 1864]. $TQP\GOGFCKNNG #WUICDG KP JGNNGT $TQP\G $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV CO QTKIKPCNGP $CPFTKPI OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ¡FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ¡EJVGNEJGP DGHGUVKIV &+# 447 ++ &CU 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP EC WPF WPF YWTFG NCWV #PICDG XQP GKPGO *GTTP $G[GT KP 9CTUEJCW GTYQTDGP

Medaille "Emanzipation der Serfs im KĂśnigreich Polen. 1864" [ĂŒüäà Íß "ĂŽùâÎåÎÌäüíèü êðüùòßÿí Ă–à ðùòâü Ă?ÎÍßùêÎÏ. 1864"]. 9GK­OGVCNN CP ITĂ’PGT 6TCIGUEJNGKHG OKV CNVGO (CFGP CP GKPGO CNVGP DGUEJ¡FKIVGP JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJ DG\GKEJPGVGP 5COONWPIU 5EJ¡EJVGNEJGP DGHGUVKIV &+# ++ &CU 'ZGORNCT UVCOOV CWU GKPGT CNVGP 5COONWPI CWU FGP ,CJTGP \YKUEJGP EC WPF WPF YWTFG NCWV #PICDG XQP GKPGO *GTTP $G[GT GTYQTDGP

Jubiläumskreuz fĂźr den Klerus aus AnlaĂ&#x; der Dreihundertjahrfeier der Regierung der Dynastie Romanow 1913. )QNFGPGU -TGW\ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV FKG 8GTIQNFWPI UVCTM XGTICPIGP QJPG $CPF 447 ++

1217

ex 1215 1216

Konvolut von fĂźnf verschiedenen Auszeichnungen. 7 C 'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG CP FKG 4GIKGTWPIU\GKV -CKUGT #NGZCPFGT +++ )Ă’UUG WPF 2T¡IWPIGP XGTUEJKGFGPG /GVCNNG CWEJ 5KNDGT CP $¡PFGTP &C\W 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG HĂ’T FKG F¡PKUEJG *GKOYGJT =*LGOOGXÂşT? 5KNDGT +P WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP 'TJCNVWPIGP ++ ++ +++ +++

1218

ABZEICHEN

Abzeichen zum 50-jährigen Jubiläum der Ernennung von GroĂ&#x;fĂźrst Michail Nikolajewitsch zum General-Feldzeugmeister 1906. $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV VNY GOCKNNKGTV CP 5EJTCWDG OKV 5EJTCWDUEJGKDG 5# 5 ++ &CU #D\GKEJGP YWTFG CO ,CPWCT GKPIGHĂ’JTV

Absolventenabzeichen der Hochschule fĂźr Verkehrswege-Ingenieure. 8CTKCPVG OKV IQNFHCTDGO #PMGT WPF $GKN XGTUKNDGTV QDGTGT (KZKGTJCMGP FGU #FNGTU CDIGDTQEJGP OKV )GIGP WPF 5EJTCWDUEJGKDG 5# 5 +++ &CU #D\GKEJGP YWTFG CO ,WPK GKPIGHĂ’JTV

Absolventen-Abzeichen der Hochschule fĂźr Verkehrswege-Ingenieure. 5KNDGT QJPG 2WP\KGTWPI OKV 5EJTCWDG WPF 5EJTCWDUEJGKDG 5# 5 ++ &CU #D\GKEJGP YWTFG CO ,WPK GKPIGHĂ’JTV

369


SAMMLUNG RUSSLAND

1220

1219

Absolventen-Abzeichen der Hochschule fßr Verkehrswege-Ingenieure. 4GFWMVKQP FGU #D\GKEJGPU 5KNDGT CWH FGO 4GXGTU -QMQUEJPKM 5KNDGTRWP\G \W <QNQVPKMK XQP -QMQUEJPKM 2WP\G XQP WPF PKEJV KFGPVKHK\KGTDCTG /GKUVGTOCTMG CP 5EJTCWDG QJPG 5EJTCWDUEJGKDG 5# 5 ++ Absolventen-Abzeichen der Minen-Offiziersklasse. $WPVOGVCNN CP 5EJTCWDG OKV 7PVGTNGIUEJGKDG FKGUG OKV *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI �ÄÓÀ�ÄÚ FGT (KTOC 'FWCTF KP 5CPMV 2GVGTUDWTI WPF 5EJTCWD UEJGKDG 5# 5 ++ &CU #D\GKEJGP YWTFG CO #WIWUV GKPIGHÒJTV

1221

1222 (1:1)

1223 (1:1)

Absolventen-Abzeichen der nichtmedizinischen Fakultäten der Kaiserlich russischen Universitäten. )TĂŒ­GTG #WUHĂ’JTWPI 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGO 4GXGTU /GKUVGTOCTMG #Ă HĂ’T #NGZCP FGT $T[NQY WPF 5V 2GVGTUDWTIGT Îą -QMQUEJPKM 5KNDGTRWP\G \W <QNQVPKMK XQP UQYKG GKPIGMTCV\VG 0WOOGT CP 5EJTCWDG OKV 5EJTCWDUEJGKDG FKGUG OKV /GKUVGTOCTMG #Ă WPF -QMQUEJPKM 2WP\G XQP 5# 5 ++ &CU #D\GKEJGP YWTFG CO ,WPK GKPIGHĂ’JTV

Absolventen-Abzeichen der nichtmedizinischen Fakultäten der Kaiserlich russischen Universitäten. 4GFWMVKQP FGU #D\GKEJGPU 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN 5# 5 ++

Absolventen-Abzeichen der nichtmedizinischen Fakultäten der Kaiserlich russischen Universitäten. 4GFWMVKQP FGU #D\GKEJGPU 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGO 4GXGTU OGJTHCEJ PKEJV KFGPVKHK\KGT DCT IGRWP\V CP 5EJTCWDG OKV 5EJTCWDUEJGKDG 5# 5 ++

1224

1225

Absolventenabzeichen der Kaiserlichen Ingenieurschule [Ăˆ.ĂŒ.Ăˆ.Ă“.] in Moskau. 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQN FGV KP FGP -TCP\\YGKI 'PFGP /GKUVGTOCTMG Ăˆ# HĂ’T +YCP #NGMUGGX KP /QUMCW WPF 5KNDGTRWP\G \W <QNQVPKMK OKV 2TQDKGTOGKUVGTOCTMG ĂˆĂ‹ HĂ’T +YCP .GDGFMKP KP /QUMCW CP 5EJTCWDG OKV )GIGP WPF 5EJTCWDUEJGKDG DGKFG OKV /GKUVGTOCTMG Ăˆ# WPF -QMQUEJPKM 2WP\G XQP DKU 5# 5 ++ &CU #D\GKEJGP YWTFG CO 0QXGODGT GKPIGHĂ’JTV

Absolventen-Abzeichen fĂźr die beiden ersten Kategorien des Kaiser-Alexander-Lyzeums in Zarskoe Selo. 8GTUKNDGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV 8GTIQNFWPI VNY DGTKGDGP CP 5EJTCWDG OKV 5EJTCWDUEJGKDG 5# 5 ++ &CU #D\GKEJGP YWTFG CO ,WNK GKPIGHĂ’JTV

370


SAMMLUNG RUSSLAND

1226 (1:1)

1228

1227

1229

#DUQNXGPVGP #D\GKEJGP FGT 2QN[VGEJPKUEJGP *QEJUEJWNGP 0KMQNCWU ++ KP 9CTUEJCW WPF #NGZCPFGTU +++ KP 5V 2GVGTUDWTI WPF -KGY 4GFWMVKQP FGU #D\GKEJGP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF VNY GOCKNNKGTV 8GT IQNFWPI VNY DGTKGDGP OKP 'OCKNNG %JKR CWH FGO 4GXGTU 2GVGTUDWTIGT α -QMQUEJPKM 5KNDGTRWP\G \W <QNQVPKMK XQP WPF /GKUVGTOCTMG Ä1 HÒT &OKVTK + 1UKRQX CP 5EJTCWDG OKV 5EJTCWDUEJGKDG 5# 5 ++ &CU #D\GKEJGP YWTFG CO (GDTWCT GKPIGHÒJTV

#D\GKEJGP HÒT /CIKUVGT FGT 2JCTOC\KG 5KNDGT VNY GOCKNNKGTV QJPG 2WP\KGTWPI OKV 5EJTCWDG WPF 5EJTCWDUEJGKDG 5# 5 ++ &CU #D\GKEJGP YWTFG CO (GDTWCT GKPIGHÒJTV

#D\GKEJGP HÒT 2JCTOC\GWVKMGT 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV QJPG 2WP\KGTWPI OKV 5EJTCWDG 7PVGTNGIUEJGKDG WPF 5EJTCWDUEJGKDG 5# 5 ++ &CU #D\GKEJGP YWTFG CO (GDTWCT GKPIGHÒJTV

#D\GKEJGP FGT (ÒTUQTIG \WT 0ÒEJVGTPJGKV FGU 8QNMGU $WPVOGVCNN XGTUKNDGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV VNY GOCKNNKGTV OÌINKEJGTYGKUG VNY PCEJGOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI Ý Ê ØÓÁÅÐÒÚ FGT (KTOC 5EJWDGTV CP 0CFGN 5# 5 ++ &CU #D\GKEJGP YWTFG CO (GDTWCT GKPIGHÒJTV

1230 1231

1232

#D\GKEJGP HÒT -QTTGURQPFGPVGP FGU &GRCTVGOGPVU HÒT #ITCTÌMQPQOKG WPF .CPFYKTVUEJCHVU 5VCVKU VKM 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV 8GTIQNFWPI XGTDNCUUV CP 0CFGN 5# 5 ++ &CU #D\GKEJGP YWTFG CO &G\GODGT GKPIGHÒJTV

1233

#D\GKEJGP \WO 'KPJWPFGTVL·JTKIGP $GUVGJGP FGT .QVUGP WPF .GWEJVVWTODGJÌTFG KP (KPPNCPF KO ,CJTG 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV VNY GOCKNNKGTV OKP QDGTHN·EJNKEJG 'OCKNNG %JKRU CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FGT -TCP\UEJNGKHG 5V 2GVGTUDWTIGT α -QMQUEJPKM 5KNDGTRWP\G \W <QNQVPKMK XQP -QMQUEJPKM 2WP\G XQP WPF /GKUVGTOCTMG ÂÄ HÒT 8NCFKOKT &KPCMQX CP 5EJTCWDG OKV 7PVGTNGI WPF 5EJTCWDUEJGKDG 5# 5 ++ &CU #D\GKEJGP YWTFG CO /CK GKPIGHÒJTV

#D\GKEJGP \WO L·JTKIGP ,WDKN·WO FGU $GUVGJGPU FGT 5GOUVYQ 'KPTKEJVWPIGP )TÌ­GTG #WUHÒJTWPI 5KNDGT VNY GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGO 4GXGTU /GKUVGTOCTMG Ã - -QMQUEJPKM 2WP\G XQP WPF 5V 2GVGTUDWTIGT α -QMQUEJPKM 5KNDGTRWP\G \W <QNQVPKMK XQP CP 5EJTCWDG OKV 7PVGTNGIUEJGKDG FKGUG OKV +PUEJTKHV ÿ ÕÓÄ ÀÐÒÅËÜ WPF 5EJTCWDUEJGKDG FKGUG OKV -QMQUEJPKM 2WP\G XQP 5# 5 ++ &CU #D\GKEJGP YWTFG CO ,CPWCT GKPIGHÒJTV

#D\GKEJGP \WO L·JTKIGP ,WDKN·WO FGU $GUVGJGPU FGT 5GOUVYQ 'KPTKEJVWPIGP -NGKPGTG #WUHÒJTWPI 5KNDGT VNY GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGO 4GXGTU /GKUVGTOCTMG $2 HÒT 9CUUKNK 4WMCYKUEJPKMQY -QMQUEJPKM 2WP\G XQP WPF 5V 2GVGTUDWTIGT α -QMQUEJPKM 5KNDGTRWP\G \W <QNQV PKMK XQP CP 5EJTCWDG OKV 7PVGTNGIUEJGKDG FKGUG OKV /GKUVGTOCTMG $2 WPF -QMQ UEJPKM 2WP\G XQP WPF 5EJTCWDUEJGKDG FKGUG OKV /GKUVGTOCTMG $2 WPF -QMQUEJPKM 2WP\G XQP 5# 5 ++

371


SAMMLUNG RUSSLAND

1234

1235 1236

1237

#D\GKEJGP \WO L·JTKIGP ,WDKN·WO FGT 'KPHÒJTWPI FGT )GTKEJVUQTFPWPIGP $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV VNY XGTUKNDGTV CP 5EJTCWDG OKV 7PVGTNGI WPF 5EJTCWDUEJGKDG 5# 5 ++ &CU #D\GKEJGP YWTFG CO 0QXGODGT GKPIGHÒJTV

#D\GKEJGP HÒT 4GEJVUCPY·NVG 5KNDGT CWH FGO 4GXGTU /GKUVGTOCTMG Ä1 HÒT &OKVTK + 1UKRQX WPF -QMQUEJPKM 5KNDGTRWP\G \W <QNQVPKMK XQP DKU XQP DKU WPF $G\GKEJPWPI #40& 5# 5 ++ ;CMQX .[CRWPQX YCT NCWV 6COOCPP KP 642 5 PWT XQP DKU 2TQDKGTOGKUVGT KP 5V 2GVGTUDWTI

#D\GKEJGP FGU 4QVGP -TGW\GU HÒT FGP 4WUUKUEJ 6ÒTMKUEJGP -TKGI XQP 5KNDGT VNY GOCKN NKGTV CWH FGP $CPFGPFGP 5V 2GVGTUDWTIGT 5KNDGTRWP\G \W <QNQVPKMK XQP DKU WPF /GKUVGT OCTMG ÈÕ CP 0CFGN )4# # 5 ++ &CU #D\GKEJGP YWTFG CO /·T\ GKPIGHÒJTV

#D\GKEJGP FGT -CKUGTNKEJGP )GUGNNUEJCHV XQO 4QVGP -TGW\ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGO 4GXGTU /GKUVGTOCTMG ÂÄ YQJN HÒT 9NCFKOKT &KPCMQY XQP FGT (KTOC 'FWCTF KP 5V 2GVGTUDWTI WPF 5V 2GVGTUDWTIGT α -QMQUEJPKM 5KNDGTRWP\G \W <QNQVPKMK XQP CWH FGT TGEJVGP -TQPGP 2GPFKNKG -QMQUEJPKM 2WP\G XQP CP 5EJTCWDG QJPG 5EJTCWDUEJGKDG 5# 5 ++ &CU #D\GKEJGP YWTFG CO ,WPK GKPIGHÒJTV

1240 1238

1239

1241

#D\GKEJGP FGT -CKUGTNKEJ 4WUUKUEJGP (GWGTYGJT )GUGNNUEJCHV 5KNDGTPG #D\GKEJGP $WPVOGVCNN XGTUKN DGTV CP 0CFGN FKGUG OKV *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI ÝÄÓÀÐÄÚ FGT (KTOC 'FWCTF KP 5CPMV 2GVGTUDWTI 2$ D ++ #D\GKEJGP HÒT ,CJTG VCFGNNQUGP &KGPUV DGK FGP UVCCVNKEJGP 'KUGPDCJPGP <YGKVG #WUHÒJTWPI OKV GOCKNNKGTVGT 7OHCUUWPI $WPVOGVCNN VNY GOCKNNKGTV CP 5EJTCWDG OKV 5EJTCWDUEJGKDG 5# 5 XCT ++ &CU #D\GKEJGP YWTFG CO #WIWUV GKPIGHÒJTV

#D\GKEJGP FGU -QOKVGGU HÒT #WUHNWIU 5EJKHHCJTV 5KNDGTPGU #D\GKEJGP 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGO 4GXGTU /GKUVGTOCTMG ÂÄ YQJN HÒT 9NCFKOKT &KPCMQY XQP FGT (KTOC 'FWCTF KP 5V 2GVGTUDWTI -QMQUEJPKM 2WP\G XQP WPF 5V 2GVGTUDWTIGT α -QMQUEJPKM 5KNDGT RWP\G \W <QNQVPKMK XQP CP 0CFGN 5# 5 XCT ++ &CU #D\GKEJGP YWTFG CO ,CPWCT GKPIGHÒJTV

#D\GKEJGP FGT 1TVJQFQZGP $TWFGTUEJCHV 7PUGTGT .KGDGP (TCW \W %JQNO /QFGNN OKV /CFQPPC KO /GFCKNNQP $WPVOGVCNN VNY GOCKNNKGTV 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK CWH FGO 4GXGTU *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI ß ÑÈÂÎÍÜ FGT (KTOC , 5KYQP CP 5EJTCWDG OKV 5EJTCWDUEJGKDG 5# 5 ++ &CU #D\GKEJGP YWTFG ,CPWCT GKPIGHÒJTV

372


SAMMLUNG RUSSLAND

1242 (1:1)

1243 (1:1)

1244

/KPKCVWT FGU #D\GKEJGPU FGU *WUCTGP 4GIKOGPVU 2TKP\ *GKPTKEJ XQP 2TGW­GP \W +\LWO Z OO $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV VNY GOCKNNKGTV 44 ++ &CU #D\GKEJGP YWTFG CO &G\GODGT GKPIGHÒJTV #NU /KPKCVWT XQP ITQ­GT 5GNVGPJGKV

#D\GKEJGP / 2 $ OKV GKPGO 5VÌJT 5KNDGT GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN

++

++

/GJTVGKNKIG SWCNKV·VUXQNNG #PHGTVKIWPI

-CKUGTNKEJGT &QRRGNCFNGT <YGK #D\GKEJGP JQJN IGRT·IV WPF XGTUKNDGTV LGYGKNU OKV \YGK 5RNKPVGP

1246 (1:1)

1245 (1:1)

1247 (1:1)

,'6105

,GVQP FGT 'KUGPDCJP XQP /QUMCW PCEJ $TGUV 5KNDGT VGKNYGKUG GOCKNNKGTV 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK <GPVTWO FTGJDCT OKV OKVIGRT·IVGO 0COGP 6KOQHGL 2JKNKRRQYKVUEJ 2JKNKRRQY WPF ITCXKGTVGO /QPQITCOO ÒÔ 6( KO 4KPI /GKUVGTOCTMG YQJN Ä$ ++ &KG 'KUGPDCJPNKPKG XQP /QUMCW 9GUV PCEJ $TGUV .KVQYUM YWTFG KP FGP ,CJTGP DKU GTTKEJVGV 'KUGPDCJP ,GVQPU YWTFGP OGKUV CP +PIGPKGWTG WPF #TOGGQHHK\KGTG FKG DGK FGT 'TTKEJVWPI WPF 7PVGTJCNVWPI XQP 'KUGPDCJPNKPKGP V·VKI YCTGP XGTIGDGP 5KG FKGPVGP CNU #WUYGKU \WT $GTGEJVKIWPI \WT HTGKGP (CJTV CWH FGT GPVURTG EJGPFGP $CJPNKPKG

,GVQP CWH FKG 'TÌHHPWPI FGT 'KUGPDCJP XQP 4[C\CP PCEJ /QTUEJCPUM CO 0QXGODGT )QNF I CWH FGT 8QTFGTUGKVG 9CRRGP FGT )QWXGTPGOGPVU 4LC\CP WPF 6CODQY FCTÒDGT DGIQPPGP CO #WIWUV FCTWPVGT GKPIGYGKJV CO 0QXGODGT CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG 4[C\CPGT /QTUEJCPU MGT 'KUGPDCJP WPF .[FKC -CTNQYPC .GYKU QH /GPCT OKVIGRT·IV OKV ¤UG \WT $TQUEJG WOIGCTDGK VGV 44 ++ +++ #O #WIWUV YWTFG OKV FGO $CW FGT 'KUGPDCJPNKPKG XQP 4[C\CP KO )QWTXGTPGOGPV 4[C\CP PCEJ /QTUEJCPUM KO )QWXGTPGOGPV 6CODQX KO 9GUVGP FGU 4WUUKUEJGP 4GKEJGU DGIQPPGP #O 0QXGODGT YWTFG UKG XQP -CKUGT #NGZCPFGT ++ GKPIGYGKJV &KG .KPKG YWTFG KO #WHVTCI FGT INGKEJPCOKIGP 'KUGP DCJP #MVKGPIGUGNNUEJCHV WPF WPVGT .GKVWPI XQP +PIGPKGWT WPF MCKU TWUU -RV C & -CTN X /GEM FGT HÒT FKG 'T DCWWPI OGJTGTGT 'KUGPDCJPNKPKGP XGTCPVYQTVNKEJ \GKEJPGVG GTDCWV 5GKPG 'JGHTCW 0CFGUJFC X /GEM YCT GKPG )ÌPPGTKP FGU -QORQPKUVGP 2LQVT +NLKVUEJ 6UEJCKMQYUMK $GKFGT 6QEJVGT YCT .[FKC -CTNQYPC .ÌYKU QH /GPCT IGD XQP /GEM FKG WTURTÒPINKEJG 'KIGPVÒOGTKP FKGUGU ,GVQPU

0KEJV KFGPVKHK\KGTDCTGT ,WDKN·WOULGVQP %1% =515? 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV VNY GOCKN NKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG ITCXKGTVGT 6T·IGTPCOG CP GKPGO YQJN PKEJV FC\WIGJÌTGPFGP $CPF ++

373


SAMMLUNG RUSSLAND

1248 (1:1)

,WDKN·WOULGVQP OWVOC­NKEJ \WO GKPJWPFGTVL·JTKIGP $GUVGJGP FGU -CKUGTNKEJGP +PUVKVWVU #NGZCPF GTU + HÒT +PIGPKGWTG FGT 8GTMGJTUYGIG 5KNDGT VNY GOCKNNKGTV #WHNCIGP VNY )QNF QJPG 2WP\KG TWPIGP CO -GVVEJGP + ++

1249 (1:1)

1250 (1:1)

,GVQP FGT (TGKYKNNKIGP (GWGTYGJT XQP 9GK­GPUVGKP KP 'UVNCPF HÒT ::8 &KGPUVLCJTG 5KNDGT GOCKN NKGTV ,CJTGU\CJN )QNF OKP MCWO UKEJVDCTG QDGTHN·EJNKEJG 'OCKNNG %JKRU 44 ++ 9GK­GPUVGKP JGWVG 2CKFG NKPP KUV GKPG 5VCFV KO JGWVKIGP <GPVTCN 'UVNCPF

,WDKN·WOU ,GVQP FGT (KPPKUEJGP &CORHDCTMCUUGP &GRQV #MVKGPIGUGNNUEJCHV HÒT ,CJTG HÒT )GQTIKL (GFQTQYKVUEJ 'PIGUVTGO 5KNDGT )QNF VNY GOCKNNKGTV MCWO UKEJVDCTG QDGTHN·EJNKEJG %JKRU KP FGT TQVGP 'OCKNNG 4 + ++ #WH FGT 8QTFGTUGKVG FGU ,GVQPU UKPF FKG 9CRRGP (KPPNCPFU WPF 5CPMV 2GVGTUDWTIU \W UGJGP

1251 (1:1)

1252 (1:1)

4QV -TGW\ ,GVQP FGT ' + 9 ) + #NGZCPFTC (GQFQTQYPCU KP 5V 2GVGTUDWTI HÒT FGP 4WUUKUEJ ,CRC PKUEJGP -TKGI 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV VNY GOCKNNKGTV CO -GVVEJGP )4# ++

,GVQP GKPGT *CPFGNUUEJWNG 5KNDGT VNY GOCKNNKGTV #WHNCIG )QNF CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG ITCXKGTV Í Òø Ï :+ âü³ï Ñïèðèäîíîâõ CP -GVVEJGP OKV 0CFGN ++

374


SAMMLUNG RUSSLAND

1254 (1:1)

1253 (1:1)

1255 (1:1)

,GVQP YQJN GKPGT ,WTKUVGP 8GTGKPKIWPI :::+8 * Ã HÒT 8KMVQT &QDTQPTCYKP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG )TCXWT FGU 6T·IGTPCOGPU CP -GVVEJGP ++

,GVQP FGT )GOGKPPÒV\KIGP /CTKPG )GUGNNUEJCHV HÒT / / 5GOKEJGX ,GVQP -NCUUG UKNDGT HCTDGP VNY GOCKNNKGTV 5KNDGT VNY GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG )TCXWT FGU 6T·IGTPCOGP WPF ,CJT KO 4KPI *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G *- WPF 5KNDGTRWP\G \W <QNQVPKMK OKV FGO 2TQDKGTOGKUVGT <GKEJGP ßË HÒT ;CMQX .[CRWPQX 5# 5 9,6 , ++ ;CMQX .[CRWPQX YCT NCWV 6COOCPP KP 642 5 PWT XQP DKU 2TQDKGTOGKUVGT KP 5V 2GVGTUDWTI

,GVQP FGT 4WUUKUEJGP 4QV -TGW\ )GUGNNUEJCHV XQP FGT JN 'NKUCDGVJ WPVGT FGT 5EJKTOJGTTUEJCHV FGT )TQ­HÒTUVKP 'NKUCDGVJ 5KNDGT VNY GOCKNNKGTV C