Page 1


6KVGNHQVQ 0T   TรœRKEI / OSMANISCHES REICH Osmanje-Orden. 2. Modell, Bruststern zur 1. Klasse mit Brillianten, Silber tlw. vergoldet, Medaillon Gold emailliert, besetzt รก jour mit 424 Diamanten in Altschliff.


AUKTION 240 Orden und Ehrenzeichen Der Nachlaß der Offiziersfamilie Balck, Osnabrück, u. a.

ZEIT

Dienstag, 19. November 2013 10.00 Uhr - 13.00 Uhr 14.00 Uhr - 18.30 Uhr

ORT

Steigenberger Hotel Remarque Osnabrück, Natruper-Tor-Wall 1

AUKTIONS-TELEFON

+49 (0)541 60 96 633

AUKTIONS-FAX

+49 (0)541 60 96 634

Auktionen 240-243, November 2013 19. NOVEMBER 2013

Auktion 240 Orden und Ehrenzeichen Der Nachlaß der Offiziersfamilie Balck, Osnabrück, u. a.

20. NOVEMBER 2013

Auktion 241 Goldprägungen Münzen aus Mittelalter und Neuzeit Deutsche Münzen ab 1871 Auktion 242 Historische Medaillen aus fünf Jahrhunderten

21. NOVEMBER 2013

Auktion 243 Münzen aus der Welt der Antike Spezialsammlung keltischer Münzen Griechen, Römer, Völkerwanderung Die Sammlung Dr. Gerhard Himmel, Graz, u. a.


Zeitplan/Timetable Auktion 240 Orden und Ehrenzeichen Der Nachlaß der Offiziersfamilie Balck, Osnabrück, u. a.

Dienstag, 19. November 2013

10.00 Uhr - 13.00 Uhr Nr. 1 bis Nr. 449 Deutsche Staaten, Nachlaß William Balck, Heiliges Römisches Reich deutscher Nation, Kaiserreich, Weimarer Republik, Danzig, Drittes Reich, DDR, BRD, Europa: Albanien - Frankreich (Teil 1) 14.00 Uhr - 18.30 Uhr Nr. 450 bis Nr. 1119 Europa: Frankreich (Teil 2) - Vatikan, Übersee

Auktion 241 Goldprägungen Münzen aus Mittelalter und Neuzeit Deutsche Münzen ab 1871

Mittwoch, 20. November 2013

10.00 Uhr - 13.00 Uhr Nr. 2001 bis Nr. 2639

Auktion 242 Historische Medaillen aus fünf Jahrhunderten

Auktion 243 Münzen aus der Welt der Antike Spezialsammlung keltischer Münzen Griechen, Römer, Völkerwanderung Die Sammlung Dr. Gerhard Himmel, Graz, u. a.

14.00 Uhr - 18.30 Uhr Nr. 3001 bis Nr. 3703 Donnerstag, 21. November 2013

10.00 Uhr - 13.00 Uhr Nr. 4001 bis Nr. 4671 Spezialsammlung keltischer Münzen, Griechische Münzen 14.00 Uhr - 18.30 Uhr Nr. 4672 bis Nr. 5365 Römische Münzen, Völkerwanderung, Byzantinische Münzen, Kreuzfahrer, Orientalische Münzen

2


Sehr geehrte Münzfreunde/Dear Coin Collectors, Ich wünsche Ihnen viel Freude mit unseren neuen Auktionskatalogen und hoffe, Sie finden einige schöne Stücke für Ihre Sammlung. Als Europas führendes Auktionshaus für Münzen, Medaillen und Orden hat sich unser Dienstleistungsspektrum für Sie als unsere Kunden stetig verbessert und erweitert. Einen kleinen Überblick über unsere Angebote finden Sie hier. I wish you a lot of pleasure with our new auction catalogues and I hope you will find a few additonal items for your collection. As Europe´s leading auction company for coins, medals and decorations our range of services for our customers has been steadily improving and expanding. Following is a short overview of our offers. Mit herzlichen Grüßen/With warm regards

Friti z Ru Frit Fr Rudo dolflff K do Kün ünke ün ker ke ker

AUKTIONEN/AUCTIONS Besuchen Sie unsere international bedeutenden Auktionen, die Ihnen viermal jährlich zahlreiche Raritäten bieten. Profitieren Sie als Bieter oder Einlieferer von unserer Erfahrung und Kompetenz. Visit our internationally recognized auctions which take place four times a year and offer many rarities. Benefit from our experience and competence while being a bidder or consigner. GOLDHANDEL/GOLD COIN TRADING Wir bieten Ihnen ein ständiges Angebot sowie den Ankauf von Anlagemünzen aus Deutschland, Europa und aller Welt zu fairen tagesaktuellen Preisen. We are constantly offering as well as purchasing a vast range of German, European and World bullion coins. We buy and sell gold assets at a fair, daily updated market price. ONLINE-SHOP Wir bieten Ihnen in unserem Online-Shop auf www.kuenker.de ein täglich aktualisiertes Münz-Angebot von der Antike bis zur Neuzeit. Kaufen Sie hier unkompliziert zum Festpreis und ohne Risiko. We offer you an exclusive daily updated selection of coins from ancient to modern times. You can order at www.kuenker.com without hassle or risk. eLIVE AUCTION Mit unseren eLive Auctions können Sie über das Internet an regelmäßigen Auktionen mit einem virtuellen Auktionator teilnehmen. Sie können Vorgebote bequem online abgeben und abschließend die Auktion live am Bildschirm für sich entscheiden. With our eLive Auctions, we offer you an opportunity to participate in regular auctions live over the Internet. You can submit preliminary bids online, and up to the last moment of the sale you can win auctions live on your computer screen. ORDEN UND EHRENZEICHEN/ORDERS AND DECORATIONS Einmal im Jahr findet unsere besondere Ordensauktion statt, die sich ganz den dekorativen Ehrenzeichen widmet. Profitieren Sie als Bieter oder Einlieferer von unserer Erfahrung und Kompetenz im Bereich Phaleristik. Once a year there is a special auction dedicated to medals and decorations. Benefit from our experience in the field of phaleristik becoming our bidder or consigner.

TEL +49 (0)541 96 20 20, FAX +49 (0)541 96 20 222, SERVICE@KUENKER.DE, WWW.KUENKER.DE

3


Besichtigung/On View Die Besichtigung des Auktionsgutes kann nach vorheriger telefonischer Absprache erfolgen. Auction lots may be viewed by appointment only.

Online-Katalog/Online Catalogue Betrachten Sie unsere Auktionskataloge im Internet! Unter www.kuenker.de und www.sixbid.com haben Sie die Möglichkeit, Abbildungen zu vergrößern, Ihre Gebote direkt abzugeben und die Ergebnisse der Auktionen abzurufen.

KUENKER.DE

Please browse our auction catalogues at www.kuenker.com or at www.sixbid.com! You will have the possibility to zoom all images, to place your bids and to view all auction results online.

Künker-Service Wir sind mittlerweile mit neun eigenen Standorten in Deutschland und Europa vertreten. So können wir Ihnen unseren beliebten Künker-Service auch in Ihrer Nähe anbieten. Unsere Leistungen vor Ort: • Persönliche Beratung und Betreuung in Ihrer Nähe. • Sie können Ihre Münzen direkt einliefern oder verkaufen, ersteigerte Münzen abholen und sich nach Vereinbarung Einlieferungen auszahlen lassen. • Sie können sich von unserem Kooperationspartner auf den Künker-Auktionen vertreten lassen. We are now represented with nine locations in Germany and Europe so that we can also provide you the best service in your vicinity. Our local services: • You always have a point of contact nearby. • You can directly consign or sell your coins, collect purchases and receive by appointment payment for consignments. • You can have our cooperation partner represent you at our auctions.

OSNABRÜCK Fritz Rudolf Künker GmbH & Co. KG Gutenbergstraße 23, 49076 Osnabrück Tel. +49 (0)541 96 20 20, E-Mail: service@kuenker.de USt-IdNr./VAT-No: DE256270181

Haupptstsititz Ha ititz in in Osn s abbrüückk

4

TEL +49 (0)541 96 20 20, FAX +49 (0)541 96 20 222, SERVICE@KUENKER.DE, WWW.KUENKER.DE


Standorte/Locations

Drr. H D Huubert rt Ruß

Fraannk Ri Fr Rich chharrds dsen en en

MÜNCHEN Künker Numismatik AG Löwengrube 12, 80333 München Dr. Hubert Ruß Tel. +49 (0)89 242 198 38, service@kuenker-numismatik.de Fritz Rudolf Künker GmbH & Co. KG Maximiliansplatz 12a, 80333 München Frank Richardsen Tel. +49 (0)89 242 16 990, frank.richardsen@kuenker.de BERLIN Fritz Rudolf Künker GmbH & Co. KG Poststraße 22, 10178 Berlin-Mitte Wollankstraße 117, 13187 Berlin-Pankow Michael Otto Tel. +49 (0)30 247 248 91, michael.otto@kuenker.de

M ch Mi chae aell Ot Otto tttoo

Rolaand nd Trraam mppe

HAMBURG Künker Hamburg, c/o Roland Trampe Roland Trampe Tel. +49 (0)541 96 20 20, roland.trampe@kuenker.de KONSTANZ Künker Konstanz, c/o Michael Autengruber Schulthaißstraße 10, 78462 Konstanz Michael Autengruber Tel. +49 (0)7531 28 44 69, michael.autengruber@kuenker.de

Michaeel Autengruubeer

Petr Kov Pe ovaljo jov

ZNOJMO Künker Znojmo, c/o Petr Kovaljov 17. Listopadu 18, 66902 Znojmo, Tschechische Republik Petr Kovaljov Tel. +42 (0)603 81 10 31, petr.kovaljov@kuenker.de ZÜRICH Künker Zürich, c/o Hess-Divo AG Löwenstraße 55, 8001 Zürich, Schweiz Ulf Künker Tel. +41 (0)44 225 40 90, zuerich@kuenker.de

Alleekkses y O A Onnch chuk ukov kovv

MOSKAU Künker Moskau, c/o Russian Coin Co. Ltd. Lyalin pereulok dom 9, str. 1, of. 3, 105062 Moskau, Russland Aleksey Onchukov Tel. +7 (495) 589 56 10, aleksey.onchukov@kuenker.de

TEL +49 (0)541 96 20 20, FAX +49 (0)541 96 20 222, SERVICE@KUENKER.DE, WWW.KUENKER.DE

5


Was ist für Ihre schriftliche Auktionsteilnahme besonders wichtig?

DEUTSCH

• Bitte senden Sie uns Ihre Aufträge möglichst frühzeitig zu. Wenn uns Ihr Auftrag erst kurz vor der Auktion erreicht, können sich bei der Bearbeitung Fehler einschleichen. Das beiliegende Formular erleichtert Ihnen die Abgabe eines schriftlichen Gebots. Gerne nehmen wir Ihre Gebote per Post, Fax oder Email entgegen. • Wenn Sie noch nicht bei uns gekauft haben, bitten wir Sie, uns als Referenz eine Münzhandlung anzugeben, mit der Sie bereits in Geschäftsverbindung stehen. • Wir gewährleisten die Echtheit aller verkauften Objekte auch über die gesetzliche Frist hinaus.

Sie möchten telefonisch an der Auktion teilnehmen? Die telefonische Teilnahme an der Auktion ist bei uns selbstverständlich möglich. Wir rufen Sie während der Auktion gerne an und helfen Ihnen, die gewünschten Stücke zu ersteigern. Aus organisatorischen Gründen bitten wir Sie, die folgenden Punkte zu beachten:

Ulrich Künker Leiter Kundenbetreuung

• Telefonisches Bieten ist nur bei Losen mit einer Taxe von mind. € 500,– möglich. • Bitte teilen Sie uns mindestens 48 Stunden vor der Auktion mit, zu welchen Stücken Sie angerufen werden möchten. • Bitte achten Sie darauf, dass Sie erreichbar sind, wenn Ihre Stücke versteigert werden. Der Zeitplan in diesem Katalog hilft Ihnen dabei, den Zeitpunkt der Versteigerung abzuschätzen. • Wir empfehlen, zusätzlich zu Ihrem Anrufwunsch auch ein Gebotslimit abzugeben, damit wir für Sie auch dann bieten können, falls die Verbindung nicht zustande kommt. • Bitte beachten Sie, dass telefonisches Bieten eine unsichere Variante der Auktionsteilnahme sein kann. Wir können keine Garantie für das Zustandekommen der telefonischen Verbindung übernehmen. Wenn Sie sicher gehen wollen, besuchen Sie bitte unsere Auktion persönlich oder geben Sie uns ein schriftliches Gebot.

Was passiert nach der Auktion? Barbara Westmeyer deutschsprachige Kundenbetreuung

Telefon: +49 (0)541 96 20 20 Fax: +49 (0)541 96 20 222 Gebührenfrei: 0800 58 36 537 E-Mail: service@kuenker.de Internet: www.kuenker.de Montag – Donnerstag 8.30 – 17.00 Uhr Freitag 8.00 – 15.30 Uhr

6

• Der Versand der Auktionsware startet sofort nach Beendigung der Auktion und dauert in der Regel 8 Tage. • Alle Kunden, die an unserer Auktion schriftlich teilgenommen haben, erhalten innerhalb von 2 Wochen nach der Auktion unsere Ergebnisliste gratis. • Alle Ergebnisse sind spätestens einen Tag nach Auktionsende auf unserer Internetseite verfügbar.

Sie möchten Ihre Münzen in unsere Auktion einliefern? Sollten Sie sich zum Verkauf Ihrer Münzen entschlossen haben, kommen Sie zu uns. Seit 1985 beweisen wir mit derzeit 4 Auktionsterminen und ca. 15 Katalogen pro Jahr unsere Kompetenz und Zuverlässigkeit. Wichtige Informationen für Sie im Überblick: • Ihre Münzen werden von unseren Experten nach neuestem numismatischem Standard bestimmt und in hochwertigen Farbkatalogen präsentiert. • Wir verfügen mit mehr als 10.000 Kunden über eine der besten Kundendateien weltweit. Im Durchschnitt verkaufen wir mehr als 95 % der Stücke einer Auktion, nicht selten erzielen wir dabei Rekordzuschläge. Für nicht verkaufte Objekte werden keine Gebühren erhoben. • Ab der Übergabe an uns sind Ihre Münzen mit dem doppelten Schätzwert versichert. Unsere Kundenbetreuung bespricht gerne mit Ihnen wie Ihre Stücke sicher zu uns gelangen können. • Ihre Einlieferung wird Ihnen sofort nach der Übernahme quittiert. Spätestens 5 Wochen vor der Auktion erhalten Sie eine Auflistung Ihrer Stücke inkl. Katalognummern und Schätzpreisen. • Unmittelbar nach der Auktion erhalten Sie die Ergebnisliste und können dann alle erzielten Preise feststellen. Den Auktionserlös erhalten Sie innerhalb von 45 Tagen nach der Auktion.

TEL +49 (0)541 96 20 20, FAX +49 (0)541 96 20 222, SERVICE@KUENKER.DE, WWW.KUENKER.DE


Important facts for a written participation in the auction • Please send us your instructions as early as possible. The likelihood of errors occurring increases if we receive your instructions only shortly before the auction. The enclosed form should make it simple for you to submit a written bid, you may send your bids by mail, fax or e-mail. • If you are a new customer who has not yet purchased from us, we do request references. Please name a coin dealer with whom you have already done business. • The genuineness of all objects sold is warranted beyond the statutory length of time.

ENGLISH

Do you wish to participate by telephone? You are welcome to participate in our auction by telephone. We are glad to call you during the auction and to assist you in bidding for your items. Please take notice of the following conditions: • Telephone bidding is accepted exclusively on lot numbers with estimates at 500 Euro or above. • Please inform us at least 48 hours in advance if you wish to register for telephone bidding, even for single lots. We do need 48 hours to schedule all incoming requests. • Please be available, when your lots will be sold. The time schedule in the catalogue will help you to estimate the approximate time when your items are going to be sold. • When you register for telephone bidding, we recommend to leave a written bid in addition. This bid will only be executed, should the telephone bidding be interrupted or not be achieved. • Please be aware that telephone bidding is a risky way of participation in our auction. We do not assume liability should the telephone line be interrupted or not be achieved. We advise you to attend the auction in person or to send written bids.

Nadine Zuber English, Deutsch

What occurs after the auction? • The shipment of all auction goods starts immediately after the completion of the entire auction week and it usually takes 8 days to be completed. • All auction results are available on our website one day after the end of the auction week. • All clients who submitted bids for the auction will automatically receive the list of auction results free of charge within two weeks after the end of auction.

Do you wish to consign your coins to our auction? Should you decide to sell your coins, we are ready to assist you. Since 1985 we have earned our bona fides in conducting over 4 auctions and in publishing 15 catalogues per year. In the following you will find the most important information on consigning: • We guarantee the professional handling of your consignment following the latest numismatic level of expertise including its presentation in colour catalogues of outstanding quality. • We possess one of the best customer lists worldwide. On average we sell more than 95 % of all items in our auction, and it is not unusual for us to achieve record hammer prices for lots submitted. Unsold items incur no fees. • Once the coins are consigned they are covered by our insurance at double the estimate. Upon consultation with our customer service we try to advise you on the safest way of shipping for your coins. • Your delivery will be confirmed in writing immediately on receipt. At least five weeks before the auction, you will receive an exact list of your objects with the relevant catalogue numbers and descriptions. • Within a week of the end of auction, you will receive a list of auction results in order to see what prices were reached for each individual lot. As a consignor, you will receive the auction proceeds within 45 days after the end of auction.

Marion Künker English, Deutsch

Phone: +49 (0)541 96 20 20 Fax: +49 (0)541 96 20 222 E-Mail: service@kuenker.de Website: www.kuenker.com Monday –Thursday 8.30 AM – 5 PM Friday 8 AM – 3.30 PM

TEL +49 (0)541 96 20 20, FAX +49 (0)541 96 20 222, SERVICE@KUENKER.DE, WWW.KUENKER.DE

7


Votre participation par écrit – Les points essentiels

FRANCAIS

• Veuillez nous faire parvenir vos ordres le plus tôt possible. Si vos ordres nous parviennent juste avant la vente aux enchères, des erreurs risquent d’être commises lors de leur traitement. Le formulaire ci-joint vous aidera à rédiger facilement votre offre. Vous pouvez nous envoyer vos ordres par la poste, par fax ou par e-mail. • Si vous n’avez encore fait aucune acquisition chez nous, nous vous prions de nous indiquer une ou deux références d’autres maisons numismatiques où vous avez déjà acheté. • L’authenticité des pièces vendues est garantie même au-delà des délais légaux.

Vous voulez participer par téléphone? La participation par téléphone est bien sûr possible. Nous vous appelons volontiers pour vous aider à acquérir les pièces voulues. Pour des raisons d´organisation veuillez noter les points suivants:

Alexandra Elflein, M. A. Français, Deutsch, English, Italiano

• La participation par téléphone est possible seulement pour les lots estimé à plus de 500 Euros chacun. • Veuillez nous informer au moins 48 heures avant la vente de la liste des pièces pour lesquelles vous voudriez être appelé. • Veuillez prendre soin d´être joignable quand vos pièces seront mises en vente. L’ordre de vente dans ce catalogue vous aidera à estimer l´heure de la vente. • Vue les risques de la participation téléphonique, nous vous recommandons néanmoins d’indiquer une limite maximale pour chaque lot, pour que nous puissions enchérir pour vous, même si la communication téléphonique serait interrompue ou ne pourrait pas être établie. • La participation par téléphone présente des risques, et nous déclinons toute responsabilité dans le cas où la communication téléphonique serait interrompue, ou bien ne pourrait être établie.

Ce qui se passe après la vente Kmar Chachoua Français, Deutsch, English, Arabic

Tél. +49 (0)541 96 20 20 Facs. +49 (0)541 96 20 222 E-Mail: service@kuenker.de Site: www.kuenker.de Lundi à Jeudi de 8h30 à 17h00 Vendredi de 8h00 à 15h30

• L´expédition des biens va commencer immédiatement après la fin de la vente complète, et prend généralement 8 jours. • Tous les clients qui ont participé à l’une de nos ventes aux enchères recevront gratuitement une liste de résultats dans les deux semaines qui suivent. • Les résultats seront disponibles sur notre site internet, au plus tard un jour après la fin de la vente.

Vous voulez confier vos monnaies pour nos ventes aux enchères? Contactez nous si vous envisagez de vendre vos pièces. Notre compétence et fiabilité est prouvée depuis 1985 par actuellement 4 ventes aux enchères et environ 15 catalogues par an. Le plus important pour vous est que: • Vos pièces seront décrites par notre équipe d’experts selon les standards numismatiques les plus récents, et elles seront présentées dans des catalogues de haute qualité en couleurs. • Nous avons un des meilleurs fichiers-clientèle du monde avec plus de 10.000 clients. Nous vendons en moyenne plus de 95% de la vente aux enchères, et obtenons souvent des prix records. Les monnaies invendues n’encourent aucun frais. • Notre service clientèle est disponible pour vous conseiller pour l’envoi de vos pièces, et dès leur réception vos pièces seront assurées pour le double de la valeur d´estimation. • Vous recevrez une liste détaillée des pièces fournies au moment de la prise en charge puis, au plus tard cinq semaines avant la vente aux enchères, vous recevrez leur liste exacte avec les numéros de catalogue correspondants. • Immédiatement après la vente aux enchères, vous recevrez la liste des résultats et pourrez prendre connaissance des prix obtenus. Vous recevrez le produit de la vente dans les 45 jours après les enchères.

8

TEL +49 (0)541 96 20 20, FAX +49 (0)541 96 20 222, SERVICE@KUENKER.DE, WWW.KUENKER.DE


I punti piú importanti per la Sua partecipazione per iscritto • La preghiamo di farci pervenire i Suoi ordini al piú presto possibile. Se i Suoi ordini ci arrivano poco prima dell´inizio dell´asta possono verificarsi errori. Il formulario allegato Le faciliterá l´invio dei Suoi ordini per iscritto. Ci puó far pervenire i Suoi ordini per posta, per fax o per email. • Se non ha mai acquistato presso di noi, La preghiamo di volerci indicare a titolo di referenza il nome di uno o due commercianti numismatici presso i quali è giá cliente. • L’autenticità di tutti gli oggetti venduti viene garantita anche oltre i termini previsti dalla legge.

ITALIANO

Desidera partecipare telefonicamente alla nostra asta? La partecipazione telefonica è naturalmente da noi possibile. La chiameremo durante l´asta e La assisteremo volentieri per ottenere l´aggiudicazione dei pezzi desiderati. Per motivi di organizzazione La preghiamo di voler tenere conto dei seguenti punti: • La partecipazione telefonica è possibile solo per lotti stimati con almeno 500,– € l´uno. • La preghiamo di volerci comunicare almeno 48 ore prima dell´inizio dell´asta per quali pezzi desidera essere chiamato. • La preghiamo di aver cura di essere raggiungibile telefonicamente al momento in cui vengono messi all´asta i pezzi che Le interessano. Lo schema orario in catalogo La aiuterá a stimare a che ora verranno messi all´asta i pezzi che Le interessano. • Consigliamo di indicare sempre assieme alla richiesta di partecipazione telefonica anche un´ importo massimo, per permetterci di fare per Lei l´offerta anche nel caso in cui la telefonata non fosse possibile. • La partecipazione telefonica è un modo incerto di partecipare alle aste. Non assumiamo nessuna responsabilità se per esempio la linea telefonica è occupata o interrotta o se Lei non sará raggiungibile per altri motivi.

Sonia Russo, M. A. Italiano, Deutsch, English, Español

Cosa succede dopo l´asta? • La spedizione del materiale d´asta comincia subito dopo la fine dell´intera asta e termina normalmente entro 8 giorni. • Tutti i clienti che hanno partecipato all´asta ricevono entro 2 settimane dopo l´asta la lista dei prezzi di realizzo. • I prezzi di realizzo sono visionabili sul nostro sito internet al piú tardi un giorno dopo la fine dell´intera asta.

Vuole consegnarci le Sue monete per una nostra asta? Ci contatti se ha deciso di vendere le Sue monete. Dal 1985 la nostra competenza ed affidabilità è dimostrata da attualmente 4 aste e circa 15 cataloghi all´anno. Quali sono i punti di maggior importanza per Lei:

Cristina Welzel Italiano, Deutsch, English, Français

Tel.: +49 (0)541 96 20 20 Fax: +49 (0)541 96 20 222 E-Mail: service@kuenker.de Internet: www.kuenker.de Lunedì a giovedì dalle 8.30 alle 17.00 Venerdì dalle 8.00 alle 15.30

• Le Sue monete vengono valutate dal nostro staff di esperti secondo i piú attuali standard numismatici e vengono presentati in cataloghi di alto valore a colori. • Con piú di 10.000 clienti disponiamo di una delle migliori banca dati clienti del mondo. In media vendiamo oltre il 95% del materiale d´asta realizzando spesso prezzi da record. Per i pezzi invenduti non ci sono nessune spese da pagare. • Dal momento della consegna le Sue monete sono assicurate per il doppio del valore di stima. Il nostro servizio clientela Le consiglierá volentieri come farci avere le Sue monete nel modo piú sicuro. • La Sua consegna Le verrá immediatamente quietanzata al momento della resa dei pezzi. Al piú tardi 5 settimane prima dell´asta riceverá una lista dettagliata dei Suoi pezzi con i numeri di catalogo ed i prezzi di stima. • Subito dopo l´asta riceverá la lista con i risultati d´asta dalla quale potrá subito controllare i prezzi realizzati. Riceverá l´importo di realizzo entro 45 giorni dopo la fine dell´asta.

TEL +49 (0)541 96 20 20, FAX +49 (0)541 96 20 222, SERVICE@KUENKER.DE, WWW.KUENKER.DE

9


Что особенно важно при заочном участии на аукционе?

RUSSKIJ

• Тщательно изучите наш каталог и запишите те лоты, которые Вас заинтересовали. Заполните приложенный формуляр и отправьте нам его заранее по почте, факсу или электронной почте. Мы обращаем внимание на то, что если Ваши ставки придут перед самым началом аукциона либо во время аукциона, то существует вероятность допуска ошибки в процессе обработки заказа. • Если Вы впервые принимаете участие в нашем аукционе, то мы рекомендуем Вам указать Ваш референц – аукционные дома, с которыми Вы уже сотрудничали. Или свяжитесь с нами по телефону +49(0)541 9620268. • Подлинность купленных на нашем аукционе лотов гарантируется нами на протяжении неограниченного времени.

Вы хотели бы принять участие на аукционе по телефону? У нас, конечно, есть возможность организовать Ваше телефонное участие на торгах, но мы бы хотели обратить внимание на следующие пункты: Anastasija Koepsell Russkij, Deutsch

Dzmitry Nikulin Russkij, Deutsch, English

Телефон: +49 (0)541 96 20 20 Факс: +49 (0)541 96 20 222 E-Mail: service@kuenker.de интернет: www.kuenker.de понедельник – четверг 8.30 – 17.00 пятница 8 – 15.30

• Участие в телефонных торгах возможно только для лотов со стартовой ценой свыше 500 евро. • Для участия в торгах по телефону просим Вас связаться с нами не позднее 48 часов до начала аукциона. • Мы хотим подчеркнуть, что телефонное участие на аукционе – не самый безопасный способ: в случае плохой связи, недоступности клиента во время торгов либо других технических проблем мы не несем ответственности. • Мы рекомендуем Вам при участии в торгах по телефону  дополнительно сообщить нам о Вашем лимите на интересующие лоты в случае, если телефонная связь будет невозможна или по техническим причинам прервана.

Что происходит после окончания аукциона? • Результаты аукционов доступны на нашем сайте на следующий день после окончания торгов. • Вы можете лично забрать приобретенные лоты. По окончании торгов мы готовим все необходимые документы на вывоз из Евросоюза. • Почтовые отправки в Россию ( Беларусь, Украину ) осуществляются по предварительной договоренности. Для связи с нами звоните по телефону +49 (0)541 9620268.

Вы хотели бы выставить Ваши предметы на аукцион? Более 160-ти успешно проведенных аукционов, тысячи участников, 4 аукциона в год - эти и другие преимущества, которые говорят в пользу выставления Ваших коллекций на аукцион Кюнкер: • Ваши монеты будут оценены нашими экспертами по самым новым нумизматическим стандартам и представлены в высококачественном цветном каталоге. • Более 10000 клиентов со всего мира оказывают нам свое доверие. В среднем мы продаем более 95% всех выставляемых предметов, при этом зачастую достигая рекордных сумм. • Все Ваши предметы, после передачи их нам, хранятся у нас до начала аукциона застрахованными. Не позднее 5-ти недель до начала аукциона Вы получите по почте подробное описание Ваших лотов с указаннами номерами в каталоге, а также их оценочной стоимостью. • Результаты аукционов также будут высланы Вам по почте после окончания торгов. В течение 45 дней после аукциона Вам будет выплачено Ваше вознаграждение.

10

TEL +49 (0)541 96 20 20, FAX +49 (0)541 96 20 222, SERVICE@KUENKER.DE, WWW.KUENKER.DE


Öffentlicher Bildvortrag von Michael Autengruber anlässlich unserer November-Auktionen 2013

Vom ‚Pour le mérite‘ zu den ‚Brillanten‘ – William und Hermann Balck, zwei ‚Osnabrücker‘ im Spiegel ihrer Auszeichnungen William Balck (1858-1924), preußischer Generalleutnant, am 19. Oktober 1858 in Osnabrück als Sohn des britischen Hauptmanns und Brevet-Oberstleutnants a. D. George Philip Balck (1812-1885) und dessen Ehefrau Charlotte, geb. Lütgen (1822- 1905) geboren, erhielt im Laufe seines Lebens zahlreiche deutsche und ausländische Orden und Ehrenzeichen, wie z. B. den preußischen Orden „Pour le mérite“. Der Vortragende wird versuchen, einige Aspekte seines Lebens vor dem Hintergrund der ihm verliehenen Auszeichnungen zu beleuchten. Hermann Balck (1893-1982), General der Panzertruppe, Sohn von William Balck und dessen Ehefrau Mathilde, geb. Jensen (1869-1950), hat u. a. die höchsten Auszeichnungen für Tapferkeit während des Zweiten Weltkriegs erhalten, so das Eichenlaub mit Schwertern und Brillanten zum Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939. Ohne militaristisches Pathos soll versucht werden, die Anlässe für diese Verleihungen zu beleuchten. Zusammen mit Ehefrau, Eltern und Großeltern ist er auf dem Hasefriedhof in Osnabrück begraben.

Dienstag, 19. November 2013 um 19:00 Uhr Steigenberger Hotel Remarque in Osnabrück

11


INHALT AUKTION 240 Nr. ORDEN UND EHRENZEICHEN AUS ALLER WELT DEUTSCHE STAATEN Anhalt Baden Bayern Braunschweig Hannover Freie Hansestädte Hohenzollern Lippe Schaumburg-Lippe Mecklenburg-Schwerin Nassau Oldenburg NACHLASS WILLIAM BALCK Preußen Bayern Hamburg Lippe Sachsen Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt Waldeck Württemberg Deutsches Reich Konvolut Griechenland Großbritannien Luxemburg Rumänien Umfangreicher Urkunden- und Dokumenten-Teil-Nachlaß Preußen Reuß Sachsen, sächsische Herzogtümer Schwarzburg-Sondershausen Waldeck und Pyrmont Westphalen Württemberg

1

-

1119

19

-

305

1 1

-

19

-

6 13 15

-

21 23 24

-

18 22

-

25 26

-

25

-

28

-

158 4 5 12 14 16 17 21 23 24 26 27 33

69 19 20 23 24 25 25 26 27 27 28 28 28

34 34 52

-

29 31

-

56 59

-

40

-

65 67

-

46

-

71

-

73 51 53 54 55 58 60 61 62 63 64 66 69 70 72 73

74

-

105 152 154

-

157

-

Heiliges Römisches Reich Deutscher Nation (bis 1806)

12

Seite

103 104 151 153 155 156 158

49 37 38 39 39 41 42 43 44 44 45 45 47 48 49 49

50

-

55

-

159

55 55 68 68 68 69 69 70

Deutsches (Kaiser-) Reich (1871-1918)

160

-

170

70

-

71

Weimarer Republik (1919-1933)

171

-

206

72

-

75


Nr. Danzig (1920-1939) Drittes Reich (1933-1945)

Seite 207

75

208

-

268

76

-

92

208

-

218

76 -

83

Deutsche Demokratische Republik (1949-1990)

269

-

315

92

-

98

Bundesrepublik Deutschland

316

-

326

99

-

102

NACHLASS HERMANN BALCK

Deutschland - Rotes Kreuz

327

102

Deutschland - Ordenssschnallen

328

-

348

Deutschland - Miniaturenschnallen und -kettchen

349

-

350

109

Deutschland - Allgemeine Konvolute

351

-

354

110

EUROPA UND ÜBERSEE

355

-

367

Freimaurer, Schlaraffen, usw. International

102

110

-

-

355

109

112 110

Miniaturenschnallen und - kettchen International

356

-

357

110

-

111

Konvolute - International

358

-

367

111

-

112

EUROPA

368

-

907

113

-

237

Albanien Andorra Belgien Bulgarien Dänemark Estland Finnland Frankreich Griechenland Griechisch Orthodoxe Kirche Vereinigtes Königreich von Großbritannien und Nordirland Internationale und Gesellschafts - Orden Italien Litauen Luxemburg Souveräner Malteser Ritterorden Monaco Niederlande Norwegen Österreich Polen Portugal Rumänien Rußland Schweden Schweiz

370 391 401

-

406 413 661 664

-

667 685 700 724

-

728 732 734 737 752 758 776 794 826

-

368 369 390 400 404 405 412 660 663 666 684 699 723 725 726 727 731 733 736 751 757 775 793 825 845 846

114 119 121

-

123 125 164 165

-

166 171 174

-

184

-

188

-

192 197 203 214

-

113 114 118 120 122 123 124 163 165 166 171 174 181 182 182 183 185 186 187 190 191 197 202 213 220 220 13


Nr. Serbien und Jugoslawien Spanien Tschechoslowakei und Tschechische Republik Ukraine Ungarn Kirchenstaat, Heiliger Stuhl und Vatikan ÜBERSEE Afrika Ägypten Vereinigte Arabische Republik Republik Äquatorial-Guinea Äthiopien Argentinische Republik Benin (-Dahomey) Republik Bolivien Brasilien Burundi Chile China Dominikanische Republik Equador Elfenbeinküste El Salvador Gabunische Republik Guatemala Haiti Hawaii Honduras Irak Japan Hedjaz und Jordanien Kambodscha Kamerun Kolumbien Komoren Kongo Korea Kuba Kuweit Laos Libanon Liberia Libyen Madagaskar Malaysia Marokko Mexiko Mongolei 14

Seite

847 856

-

855 895

221 223

-

223 234

896

-

234

-

903

-

900 901 902 907

235 236 236 237

908

-

238

-

909

-

238

-

919 924 928 931 934 944 947 950 955 958 960

-

241 243 244

-

246 249 250 252

-

963 965 967

-

970

-

260

-

975 984 987 992 994 998 1000 1005 1007

-

262 266 267

-

269

-

271

-

1010 1013 1019

-

273 274 276

-

1031 1036

-

1119 908 916 917 918 923 927 930 933 943 946 949 954 957 959 961 962 964 966 968 969 973 974 983 986 991 993 997 999 1004 1006 1008 1009 1012 1018 1027 1028 1029 1030 1035 1041 1042

279 281

-

305 238 240 240 241 242 244 245 246 249 250 251 254 255 256 256 257 257 258 259 260 261 262 266 267 268 269 270 270 272 272 273 273 274 275 277 278 278 279 280 282 283


Nr. Nepal Nicaragua Niger Panama Paraguay Persien / Iran Peru Philippinen Ruanda Senegal Syrien Tansania-Sansibar Siam / Thailand Tschad Türkei Tunesien Uruguay Venezuela Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika (U. S. A.) Annam-Vietnam Zentralafrika

1043

-

1046

-

1050 1058

-

1067 1069 1071 1073 1082 1085 1090 1105 1107 1112 1114 1116

-

Seite 1044 1045 1047 1048 1049 1057 1064 1065 1066 1068 1070 1072 1081 1084 1089 1104 1106 1111 1113 1115 1119

285 287

-

292

-

294 296

-

301

-

304

-

283 283 284 284 285 287 288 289 289 289 290 291 293 293 296 300 301 303 303 304 305

Anhang Erhaltungsangaben

17

Liste der vollbesteuerten Objekte

306

Literaturverzeichnis Orden

307

Leitfaden zur erfolgreichen schriftlichen Auktionsteilnahme/ Важная информация об участии на аукционе

320

Versteigerungsbedingungen/Terms and Conditions of Auction

324

Numismatische Ausdrücke/Numismatic Terms

326

Impressum/Bankverbindungen

328

15


5GJTIGGJTVG5COONGTXGTGJTVG-WPFGP   8QT+JPGPNKGIV\WO\YGKVGP/CNKPFKGUGO,CJTņWPFFCUKUVGKP0QXWODGKWPUņGKP-CVCNQIGKPGT ō1TFGPU#WMVKQPŋ WPUGTGT PGWPVGP KPUIGUCOV #WH ÒDGT  5GKVGP DKGVGP YKT +JPGP KP ÒDGT    ITÌ­VGPVGKNU IÒPUVKI WPF UGJT IÒPUVKI VCZKGTVGP #WMVKQPUNQUGP GTPGWV 1TFGP 'JTGP WPF #D\GKEJGP    /KPKCVWTGP 1TFGPU /KPKCVWTGPUEJPCNNGP WPF MGVVEJGP UQYKG 7TMWPFGP FGT FGWVUEJGP .·PFGT XQT    FGU &GWVUEJGP 4GKEJGU FGT &GWVUEJGP &GOQMTCVKUEJGP 4GRWDNKM WPF FGT $WPFGUTGRWDNKM   &GWVUEJNCPF FGT GWTQR·KUEJGP 5VCCVGP WPF XKGNGT .·PFGT CWU ªDGTUGG CP OKV \CJNTGKEJGP ō5RKV\GP   UVÒEMGPŋFGUWPF,CJTJWPFGTVU   9KGKOOGTUVGJGPCO#PHCPIFKGFGWVUEJGP5VCCVGPOKVPCJG\W-CVCNQIPWOOGTPOKV5GNVGPJGKVGP CWU$CFGP$C[GTP$TCWPUEJYGKI*CPPQXGT.KRRG2TGW­GP5CEJUGPWPF6JÒTKPIGPUQYKGOKVFGO WOHCPITGKEJGP KP ÒDGT  'KP\GNRQUKVKQPGP CWHIGVGKNVGP ō2QWT NG O¾TKVGŋ0CEJNC­ FGU RTGW­KUEJGP   )GPGTCNNGWVPCPVUWPFō2QWTNGO¾TKVGŋ6T·IGTU9KNNKCO$CNEM     9KT UKPF UVQN\ FCTCWH +JPGP CWEJ GKPGP 6GKN FGU 0CEJNCUUGU XQP FGUUGP 5QJP FGU )GPGTCNU FGT   2CP\GTVTWRRG WPF ō$TKNNCPVGPVT·IGTUŋ *GTOCPP $CNEM   OKV UGKPGO UQIGP ō$5VÒEMŋ FGU   'KEJGPNCWDUOKV5EJYGTVGTPWPF$TKNNCPVGPWPFYGKVGTGPDGFGWVGPFGP1DLGMVGPCPDKGVGP\WMÌPPGP9KT JCDGP WPU NCPIG ÒDGTNGIV YKG YKT +JPGP FKGUGP 6GKNPCEJNC­ RT·UGPVKGTGP MÌPPGP WPF UKPF \W FGO   'PVUEJNW­IGNCPIVCWEJFKG5VÒEMGFGU&GWVUEJGP4GKEJGUXQPDKUCNUQFGUUQIGPō&TKVVGP 4GKEJGUŋJKGTCD\WDKNFGPCNNGTFKPIUFKGPCVKQPCNUQ\KCNKUVKUEJGP5[ODQNGGPVURTGEJGPFFGPCNNIGOGKPGP )GRHNQIGPJGKVGP WPMGPPVNKEJ \W OCEJGP 9KT JQHHGP FC­ 5KG JKGTHÒT 8GTUV·PFPKU JCDGP   5GNDUVXGTUV·PFNKEJUGPFGPYKT+JPGPCWH'/CKN#PHTCIGIGTPGFKG1TKIKPCNDKNFGT\W   0CEJ YGKVGTGP 1DLGMVGP CWU FKGUGT <GKV IGNCPIV GKPG 5COONWPI XQP PCJG\W  2QUKVKQPGP OKV 1TFGP   'JTGP WPF #D\GKEJGP FGT &GWVUEJGP &GOQMTCVKUEJGP 4GRWDNKM \WO #WHTWH 0CEJ GKPKIGP -CVCNQI   PWOOGTP $WPFGUTGRWDNKM TWPFGP YKGFGT GKPG 4GKJG KPVGTGUUCPVGT 1TFGPUUEJPCNNGP WPUGT &GWVUEJNCPF  #PIGDQVXQPKPUIGUCOVEC.QUGPCD   $GK FGP YGKV ÒDGT  .QUGP FGT GWTQR·KUEJGP 5VCCVGP NKGIV GKP 5EJYGTRWPMV FGT #WMVKQP GTPGWV DGK   GKPGT WOHCPITGKEJGP (TCPMTGKEJ5COONWPI FKGUGU /CN HCUV CWUUEJNKG­NKEJ FGT HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP 4GRWDNKM   UGKV  OKV PCJG\W  -CVCNQIPWOOGTP #DGT CWEJ $GNIKGP &·PGOCTM )TKGEJGPNCPF )TQ­   DTKVCPPKGP +VCNKGP FGT /CNVGUGTQTFGP /QPCEQ ¤UVGTTGKEJ 2QTVWICN 4WO·PKGP 4W­NCPF 5EJYGFGP   WPF5RCPKGPMQOOGPDGK9GKVGOPKEJV\WMWT\WPFUKPFIWVTGRT·UGPVKGTV   #DIGUEJNQUUGPYKTFFKG#WMVKQPOKVÒDGT.QUGPÒDGTUGGKUEJGT.·PFGTXQTCNNGOCWU#HTKMCWPFCWU 5ÒFCOGTKMC #DGT CWEJ CWU GKPKIGP CUKCVKUEJGP 0CVKQPGP YKTF UGJT +PVGTGUUCPVGU CPIGDQVGP UQ CWU    %JKPCFGO+TCP,CRCPWPFCWUFGO1UOCPKUEJGP4GKEJ   &GT -CVCNQI YWTFG YKGFGT WPVGT FGP DGY·JTVGP YKUUGPUEJCHVNKEJGP )GUKEJVURWPMVGP GTUVGNNV YKG FKG   \CJNTGKEJGPVNYWOHCPITGKEJGP#POGTMWPIGP\WJKUVQTKUEJGPWPFHGTVKIWPIUVGEJPKUEJGP*KPVGTITÒPFGP WPVGTJCNDFGTGKIGPVNKEJGP$GUEJTGKDWPIFGTLGYGKNKIGP.QUGDGNGIGP   #O#DGPFFGT#WMVKQPCO,WPKYKTFFGT-CVCNQICWVQT/KEJCGN#WVGPITWDGTYKGFGTKPGKPGO HCTDGPRT·EJVKIGPWPFNGDGPFKIGPÌHHGPVNKEJGP$KNF8QTVTCIOKVFGO6KVGNō8QOŊ2QWTNGO¾TKVGň\WFGP Ŋ$TKNNCPVGPňņ9KNNKCOWPF*GTOCPP$CNEM\YGKŊ1UPCDTÒEMGTňKO5RKGIGNKJTGT#WU\GKEJPWPIGPŋ XGTUWEJGP FCU .GDGP FKGUGT DGKFGP )GPGT·NG XQT FGO *KPVGTITWPF FGT KJPGP XGTNKGJGPGP 1TFGP WPF   'JTGP\GKEJGPGKPYGPKI\WDGNGWEJVGP   +EJYÒPUEJG+JPGPUGJTIGGJTVGT5COONGTWPF-WPFGXKGN(TGWFGDGKO5VWFKWOFKGUGU-CVCNQIGUWPF KEJ YÒTFG OKEJ HTGWGP YGPP GKPGU QFGT ICT OGJTGTG FGT JKGT CPIGDQVGPGP 1DLGMVG CWEJ FGP 9GI KP    +JTG5COONWPIHKPFGPYÒTFGP       /KEJCGN#WVGPITWDGT



16

&KG#DDKNFWPIGPUKPFUQHGTPPKEJVCPFGTUCPIGIGDGPCWH…)TÌ­GXGTMNGKPGTV &CU.KVGTCVWTXGT\GKEJPKUDGHKPFGVUKEJCO'PFGFGU-CVCNQIGU +HPQVQVJGTYKUGUVCVGFKOCIGUCTGTGFWEGFVQ…QHVJGQTKIKPCNUK\G 6JGDKDNKQITCRJ[KUVQDGHQWPFCVVJGGPFQHVJGECVCNQIWG


Erhaltungs und Seltenheitsgrade Orden und Ehrenzeichen, Medaillen und Miniaturen, Urkunden, Dokumente und sonstige historische 5COONWPIUIGIGPUV·PFGUKPF1DLGMVGFKG\WO6TCIGPD\Y\WOV·INKEJGP)GDTCWEJDGUVKOOVYCTGPWPF UQOKV GKPGT PCVWTIGO·­GP #DPWV\WPI WPVGTNKGIGP $GUQPFGTU DGK HTÒJGP 'ZGORNCTGP DGTÒEMUKEJVKIV FKG   'TJCNVWPIUGKPUVWHWPI FCU #NVGT /·PIGN QFGT $GUEJ·FKIWPIGP FKG ÒDGT FCU ÒDNKEJG /C­ JKPCWUIGJGP   YGTFGPKPFGT$GUEJTGKDWPICWUFTÒEMNKEJGTY·JPV9KTYGKUGPKPFKGUGO<WUCOOGPJCPICWUFTÒEMNKEJ FCTCWHJKPFC­FGT-WPFGUKG/ÌINKEJMGKV\WT8QTDGUKEJVKIWPIXQTFGT8GTUVGKIGTWPIJCV   'TJCNVWPIUCPICDGP CNU 'TIGDPKU UWDLGMVKXGT $GVTCEJVWPI UKPF MGKP $GUVCPFVGKN FGT $GUEJTGKDWPI &GT    LGYGKNKIG'TJCNVWPIU\WUVCPFKUVPCEJFGT$GUEJTGKDWPIYKGHQNIVCPIGIGDGP  + 2TCEJVGZGORNCTPGWYGTVKIQFGTPGW  ++ XQT\ÒINKEJGTJCNVGPOKVMNGKPGP)GDTCWEJUURWTGP  +++ IWVGTJCNVGPOKV)GDTCWEJUURWTGP  +8 OKVUGJTFGWVNKEJGP)GDTCWEJUURWTGP   #WEJ5GNVGPJGKVUITCFGCNU'TIGDPKUUWDLGMVKXGTNCPIL·JTKIGT/CTMVDGQDCEJVWPIUKPFMGKP$GUVCPFVGKNFGT $GUEJTGKDWPI&GTLGYGKNKIG5GNVGPJGKVUITCFKUVPCEJFGT$GUEJTGKDWPIYKGHQNIVCPIGIGDGP   4 UGNVGP  44 UGJTUGNVGP  444 XQPCNNGTITÌ­VGT5GNVGPJGKV  4444 GZVTGOUGNVGP       Indication  of Condition and Rarity Orders and decorations, medals and miniatures, documents and other historical collectibles are objects QTKIKPCNN[ KPVGPFGF HQT YGCTKPI TGUR WUG CPF VJGTGHQTG VJG[ CTG UWDLGEV VQ C EGTVCKP YGCT CPF VGCT   'URGEKCNN[HQTGCTN[RKGEGUVJGITCFGQHEQPFKVKQPKUEQPUKFGTKPIKVUCIG+ORQTVCPVFGHGEVUQTFCOCIGUCTG OGPVKQPGFKPVJGFGUETKRVKQP6JGENKGPVJGTGYKVJKUKPHQTOGFVJCVJGJCUVJGRQUUKDKNKV[DGHQTGVJGCWEVKQP HQTCRGTUQPCNXKGYCPFEQPVTQNQHVJGQDLGEVUJGOKIJVDGKPVGTGUVGFKP   6JGFGITGGUQHEQPFKVKQPCUCTGUWNVQHUWDLGEVKXGEQPUKFGTCVKQPCTGPQVRCTVQHVJGFGUETKRVKQP6JGTGNCVKXG EQPFKVKQPKUKPFKECVGFCHVGTVJGFGUETKRVKQPCUHQNNQYU   + GZVTGOGN[HKPGEQPFKVKQP  ++ IQQFXGT[HKPGEQPFKVKQP  +++ KPHKPGEQPFKVKQP  +8 KPDCFEQPFKVKQP   #NUQ VJG KPFKECVKQP QH TCTKV[ CU C TGUWNV QH C UWDLGEVKXG QDUGTXCVKQP QH VJG OCTMGV CTG PQV RCTV QH VJG   FGUETKRVKQP6JGTGNCVKXGTCTKV[KUKPFKECVGFCHVGTVJGFGUETKRVKQPCUHQNNQYU   4 TCTG  44 XGT[TCTG  444 QHJKIJGUVTCTKV[  4444 GZVTGOGN[TCTG

17


Rechtlicher Hinweis zu Objekten des Deutschen Reiches von 1933 bis 1945 (sogen.: „Drittes Reich“): 5QNCPIG UKEJ -WPFG WPF 8GTM·WHGT PKEJV IGIGPVGKNKI ·W­GTP XGTUKEJGTP UKG FC­ UKG )GIGPUV·PFG WPF   $ÒEJGT CWU FGT <GKV FGU &GWVUEJGP4GKEJGUXQPDKUPWT\W<YGEMGPFGTUVCCVUDÒTIGTNKEJGP #WHMN·TWPI FGT #DYGJT XGTHCUUWPIUYKFTKIGT $GUVTGDWPIGP FGT -WPUV QFGT FGT 9KUUGPUEJCHV FGT   (QTUEJWPIQFGTFGT.GJTGFGT$GTKEJVGTUVCVVWPIÒDGT8QTI·PIGFGU<GKVIGUEJGJGPUQFGTFGT)GUEJKEJVG QFGT·JPNKEJGP<YGEMGPGTYGTDGP&KGUG)GIGPUV·PFGWPF$ÒEJGTYGTFGPITWPFU·V\NKEJPWTWPVGTFKGUGP 8QTCWUUGV\WPIGPCPIGDQVGPWPFCDIGIGDGP   5QOKV UVGNNV FGT 'TYGTD XQP )GIGPUV·PFGP WPF $ÒEJGTP CWU FKGUGT <GKV WPVGT FGP QDGP CWHIGHÒJTVGP   8QTCWUUGV\WPIGP IGO·­ FGT hh C #DU  D\Y  #DU  5V)$ MGKPGP 5VTCHVCVDGUVCPF KO 5KPPG FGU   h C #DU  5V)$ FCT 7PVGT FKGUGP 7OUV·PFGP KUV GU CNUQ ITWPFU·V\NKEJ GTNCWDV 1TFGP WPF   'JTGP\GKEJGPFKGKPh#DU)GUGV\ÒDGT6KVGN1TFGPWPF'JTGP\GKEJGPPKEJVCWHIGHÒJTVUKPFUQYKG #D\GKEJGPOKVPCVKQPCNUQ\KCNKUVKUEJGP'ODNGOGP\WXGTMCWHGPWPF\WGTYGTDGPWPFFKGUGPVIGIGPFGP $GUVKOOWPIGPFGUh#DU)GUGV\ÒDGT6KVGN1TFGPWPF'JTGP\GKEJGP   &GUJCND JCV FGT $WPFGUOKPKUVGT FGT ,WUVK\ OKV 5EJTGKDGP  ++  XQO  FGO    UGKPGT\GKVKIGP 8QTUKV\GPFGP FGU $WPFGU FGWVUEJGT 1TFGPUUCOONGT G 8 CWUFTÒEMNKEJ GTMN·TV FC­ FGT   'TYGTDXQP1TFGPWPF'JTGP\GKEJGPCWUFGT<GKVFGUUQIGPCPPVGPō&TKVVGP4GKEJGUŋFWTEJGTPUVJCHVGWPF QTICPKUKGTVG 5COONGT OKV FGO <KGN FKGUGP )GIGPUVCPF KP GKPG 5COONWPI GKP\WHÒIGP MGKPGP 5VTCHVCV    DGUVCPFKO5KPPGFGU)GUGV\GUFCTUVGNNV      Rechtlicher  Hinweis zu Objekten der Bundesrepublik Deutschland und der Bundesländer: 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP FGT $WPFGUTGRWDNKM &GWVUEJNCPF WPF KJTGT $WPFGUN·PFGT GDGPUQ YKG FGTGP   /KPKCVWTGP$CPFUVGIG-PQRHNQEJUEJNGKHGPWPF$CPFUEJPCNNGPFÒTHGPIGO·­h#DU)GUGV\ÒDGT 6KVGN1TFGPWPF'JTGP\GKEJGPPWTCP$GTGEJVKIVGCDIGIGDGPYGTFGP#NU$GTGEJVKIVGIGNVGPJKGTDGKPGDGP FGP $GNKGJGPGP CWEJ CNNG FKGLGPKIGP 2GTUQPGP FKG KO $GUKV\ GKPGT 5COOGNIGPGJOKIWPI UKPF &KGUG   5COOGNIGPGJOKIWPI GTVGKNV CWH #PHTCIG FKG LGYGKNU \WUV·PFKIG $GJÌTFG &KG <WUV·PFKIMGKV KUV KP FGP   GKP\GNPGP $WPFGUN·PFGTP WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJ IGTGIGNV  &KG 'TVGKNWPI GKPGT UQNEJGP )GPGJOKIWPI MCPP   IGO·­ FGU -QOOGPVCTU \WO )GUGV\ XQP FGT \WUV·PFKIGP $GJÌTFG PWT DGK 8QTNKGIGP UEJYGTYKGIGPFGT   )TÒPFGXGTYGKIGTVYGTFGP/KVGKPGO)GDQVCWH1TFGPWPF'JTGP\GKEJGPFGT$WPFGUTGRWDNKMWPFKJTGT $WPFGUN·PFGTXGTUKEJGTVFGT$KGVGTKOQTFPWPIUIGO·­GP$GUKV\GKPGTUQNEJGP5COOGNIGPGJOKIWPI\WUGKP

18


ANHALT

&'765%*.#0&

2

1

&'765%*'56##6'0 #0*#.6+5%*' (ª456'06ª/'4 )'/'+05#/ $+5   70& *'4<1)67/   #0*#.6   

*GT\QINKEJ #PJCNVKUEJGT *CWUQTFGP #NDTGEJV FGU $·TGP 0KEJV RTQDGO·­KIG #PHGTVKIWPI FGU   -NGKPQFU \WO )TQ­MTGW\ OKV FGT -TQPG $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV GVYCU XGTUEJOWV\V KO $CPFTKPI RWP\KGTV   %12;QJPG5EJWNVGTDCPF ++ 'UJCPFGNVUKEJJKGTDGKWOGKPGKPFGPGT,CJTGPCWHFGP/CTMVIGDTCEJVG(·NUEJWPI







'KP1TKIKPCNGZGORNCTY·TGXQPCNNGTITÌ­VGT5GNVGPJGKV.CWV5EJCTHGPDGTI KP5$5 KUVFCU)TQ­MTGW\OKVFGT -TQPG KPUIGUCOV PWT  OCN XGTNKGJGP YQTFGP YQDGK PWT GKPG 8GTNGKJWPI OKV FGT -TQPG XQTIGPQOOGP YQTFGP   KUVDGKCNNGPCPFGTGPJCPFGNVGUUKEJWO*KP\WXGTNGKJWPIGPFGT-TQPG\WODGTGKVUUEJQPKPPGJCDGPFGP)TQ­MTGW\



*GT\QINKEJ#PJCNVKUEJGT*CWUQTFGP#NDTGEJVFGU$·TGP0KEJVRTQDGO·­KIG#PHGTVKIWPIFGU-QOVWT- \GKEJGPUOKV5EJYGTVGTP5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVKO$CPFTKPIRWP\KGTV%12;COPGWGP*CNUDCPFUVÒEM ++



'UJCPFGNVUKEJJKGTDGKWOGKPGKPFGPGT,CJTGPCWHFGP/CTMVIGDTCEJVG(·NUEJWPI

3 4

#0*#.6*'4<1)67/   

(TKGFTKEJ-TGW\5VGEMMTGW\ PKEJVQHHK\KGNN $TQP\G$TQUEJKGTWPIYQJN0GWUKNDGT$9-1'-  ++



(TKGFTKEJ-TGW\$CPFMTGW\$TQP\GQJPG$CPF$9-1'-

++

 

8INJKGT\WFKG#WUHÒJTWPIGPXQP)GTV5EJCTHGPDGTIKP5$5

19


BADEN

5

1,5:1

1,5:1

$#&'0/#4-)4#(5%*#(6 $+5 -74(ª456'067/  70&)4155 *'4<1)67/   

/KNKV·TKUEJG 8GTFKGPUV/GFCKNNG D\Y CD   /KNKV·TKUEJG -CTN (TKGFTKEJ8GTFKGPUV/GFCKNNG   5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG  2T·IWPI OKV FTGK -CPQPGPMWIGNP CWH FGT 8QTFGTUGKVG OKV 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT  5KIPCVWT&1'..WPVGTJCNDFGU9CRRGPUEJKNFGU &WTEJOGUUGTOO5KNDGTI CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG ITCXKGTV $C[GT KP 5EJTGKDUEJTKHV FKG 4WPFNGKUVG OKV FGT CWHIGNÌVGVGP $CPFÌUG OKV   \YGK5VKHVGPHKZKGTVCOUR·VGTGP$CPFUVÒEM$9-D)--$1'-8.  444+++++  .CWV <GNQUMQ KP <'.  JCV #PFTGCU $C[GT )TGPCFKGT KP FGT .GKD)TGPCFKGT)CTFG FKGUG /GFCKNNG CO  #RTKN   XGTNKGJGPDGMQOOGP FKG1TFTGJKGT\WFCVKGTVXQO/·T\ YGIGPDGYKGUGPGT6CRHGTMGKVKPFGT 5EJNCEJVDGK2CTKUCO/·T\  

+P FGT 5EJNCEJV XQP 2CTKU CWEJ CNU 5EJNCEJV XQP /QPVOCTVTG DG\GKEJPGV VTCHGP CO  /·T\  FKG TWUUKUEJ   ÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJRTGW­KUEJDC[GTKUEJYÒTVVDGODGTIKUEJDCFKUEJGP -QCNKVKQPUVTWRRGP OKV EC  /CPP WPVGT FGO   -QOOCPFQFGURTGW­KUEJGP)GPGTCNHGNFOCTUEJCNNU)GDJCTF.GDGTGEJVXQP$NÒEJGT  WPFFGUÌUVGTTGKEJK UEJGP(GNFOCTUEJCNNU-CTN2JKNKRR(ÒTUV\W5EJYCT\GPDGTI  CWHFKGHTCP\ÌUKUEJG8GTVGKFKIWPIUNKPKGXQP 2CTKUOKVEC/CPPWPVGTFGO-QOOCPFQXQP#WIWUVGFG/CTOQPV*GT\QIXQP4CIWUC  WPF /CTUEJCNN—FQWCTF#FQNRJG/QTVKGT*GT\QIXQP6TGXKUQ  5KGDTCEJVGFGP-QCNKVKQPUVTWRRGPEC WPF FGP (TCP\QUGP  6QVG WPF 8GTYWPFGVG &WTEJ FKG 0KGFGTNCIG FGT (TCP\QUGP HÒJTVG UKG WPOKVVGNDCT \WT   $GUGV\WPI FGTHTCP\ÌUKUEJGP*CWRVUVCFVCO/·T\WPFFCOKVCWEJ\WT GTUVGP #DFCPMWPI-CKUGT0CRQN¾QPU+

 CO#RTKNPCEJFGOGTCO#RTKNXQOHTCP\ÌUKUEJGP5GPCVHÒTCDIGUGV\VGTMN·TVYQTFGPYCT

YKMKRGFKC  

)NGKEJ\GKVKIOKVFGO/KNKV·TKUEJGP-CTN(TKGFTKEJ8GTFKGPUV1TFGPUVKHVGVG)TQ­JGT\QI%CTN(TKGFTKEJ   OKV .CPFGUJGTTNKEJGT 8GTQTFPWPI XQO  #RTKN  FKG \YGKUVWHKIG )QNF WPF 5KNDGT  /GFCKNNG \WT $GNQJPWPI   JGTXQTUVGEJGPFGTXQTFGO(GKPFGXGTÒDVGTVCRHGTGTWPFMNWIGT6JCVGPXQP7PVGTQHHK\KGTGPWPF/CPPUEJCHVGPFWTEJ 'TNC­FGT5VCVWVGP/KVFGOXQP)TQ­JGT\QI.WFYKI+  CO&G\GODGTGTNCUUGPGP5VCVWVGP0CEJVTCI YWTFG UKG CNU /KNKV·TKUEJG -CTN (TKGFTKEJ8GTFKGPUV/GFCKNNG DG\GKEJPGV YCT CDGT FGO 1TFGP CWEJ YGKVGTJKP \W   MGKPGO<GKVRWPMVFGU8GTNGKJWPIU\GKVTCWOUCHHKNKKGTV  

5KGYWTFGPKEJVPWTHÒTFKGOKNKV·TKUEJGP#WUGKPCPFGTUGV\WPIGPXQPDKUWPF  DKU  XGTNKGJGP UQPFGTP KP IGTKPIGTGO /C­ CWEJ HÒT JGTXQTTCIGPFG OKNKV·TKUEJG 8GTFKGPUVG KP (TKGFGPU   \GKVGP &KG NGV\VGP 8GTNGKJWPIGP GTHQNIVGP CO  0QXGODGT PWTYGPKIG6CIGXQTFGO6JTQPXGT\KEJV)TQ­ JGT\QI(TKGFTKEJU++  CO0QXGODGT&KG#WUICDG\QIUKEJLGFQEJPQEJDKUKPU,CJTJKPFGT NGV\VG )TCXWTCWHVTCI YWTFG CO  5GRVGODGT  GTVGKNV &KG /GFCKNNG FGTGP +PJCDGT CWEJ PCEJ FGO 'PFG FGT   /QPCTEJKGGKPGP'JTGPUQNFGTJKGNVGPIGPQ­YKGFGT1TFGPUGJTJQJGU#PUGJGP#O,WPKUVCTDFGTNGV\VG +PJCDGTFGT5KNDGTPGP/GFCKNNG(GTFKPCPF-QEJ

20


BAYERN

6

$#;'40-74(ª456'067/ $+5 70&-¤0+)4'+%*   

/KNKV·T/CZ,QUGRJ1TFGP)GUVKEMVGT$TWUVUVGTP\WO)TQ­MTGW\&WTEJOGUUGTOO5KNDGTWPF )QNFNCCP IGUVKEMV CP XKGT 5VTCJNGPGPFGP GVYCU DGUEJ·FKIV FKG $GHGUVKIWPIU5EJNCWHGP HCUV XQNNUV·PFKI   GTJCNVGP GTJGDNKEJ IGFWPMGNV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG CNVGU #DFGEMRCRKGT OKV CNVGTJCPFUEJTKHVNKEJGT#PICDG /WPKEJKP6KPVG$9-XCT)--$1'-XCT ++  'ZGORNCTCWUGKPGTCNVGPDGFGWVGPFGPHTCP\ÌUKUEJGP2TKXCVUCOONWPI'KPYCPFHTGKGT1TKIKPCN$TWUVUVGTPXQPITQ­GT 5GNVGPJGKV FGT NCWV FGP CNVGP #PICDGP CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG YQJN KO ,CJTG  CP GKPGP HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP /CTUEJCNN   XGTNKGJGPYQTFGPKUV

7 (1:1)



-ÌPKINKEJGT 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP XQO JN /KEJCGN $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­MTGW\ IGUVKEMVG #WUHÒJTWPI   5KNDGTWPF)QNFNCCP5VKEMGTGK2CKNNGVVGP5KNDGTDNGEJXGTIQNFGVCNNG$GHGUVKIWPIU5EJNCWHGPXQTJCPFGP TÒEMUGKVKI#DFGEMRCRKGT$9-XCT)--$1'-XCT 44++  7PIGVTCIGPGU1TKIKPCNGZGORNCTKPJGTXQTTCIGPFGTYGPPCWEJGVYCUIGFWPMGNVGT'TJCNVWPI  &GT WTURTÒPINKEJ  XQP ,QUGRJ %NGOGPU XQP $C[GTP -WTHÒTUV WPF 'T\DKUEJQH XQP -ÌNP IGUVKHVGVG /KEJCGNU   1TFGPYWTFGWPFUEJNKG­NKEJPCEJWPFPCEJKPFGPFTGKMNCUUKIGP )TQ­MTGW\4KVVGT'JTGPTKVVGT  4KVVGT*CWU1TFGP XQO JGKNKIGP /KEJCGN WOIGHQTOV &KGUGP YCPFGNVG UEJNKG­NKEJ -ÌPKI .WFYKI +CO,CPWCT KPFGPFTGKMNCUUKIGP )TQ­MTGW\-QOVWT4KVVGT 8GTFKGPUVQTFGPXQOJN/KEJCGNWOYWTFGPCNUPGWG -NCUUGFKG)TQ­MQOVWTGGKPIGHÒJTVYWTFGFGT1TFGPPGWQTICPKUKGTVWPFWOHC­VGPWPOGJT)TQ­MTGW\ -NCUUGOKVWPFQJPG5VGTP-NCUUG OKV-TQPG 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\WPF5KNDGTPG8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNGMCOGP FKG$TQP\GPG8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNGWPFFKG-NCUUG QJPG-TQPG WPFFCU8GTFKGPUVMTGW\OKV-TQPGJKP\W/KV FGT #DFCPMWPI -ÌPKI .WFYKIU +++ KO 0QXGODGT  YWTFGP FKG 8GTNGKJWPIGP GKPIGUVGNNV 8IN CWEJ 6TQUV   .WFYKI&KG)GUEJKEJVGFGU5V/KEJCGNU1TFGPUKP$C[GTPWPFFGT5V/KEJCGNU$TWFGTUEJCHVUGKVFGO,CJTG DKUCWHFKG)GIGPYCTV/ÒPEJGPWPF.GKR\KI 

21


BAYERN

9 (1:1) 8 (1:1)

10 (1:1)



-ÌPKINKEJGT /KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVQTFGP $TWUVUVGTP \WT  -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP5KNDGT#WHNCIGP)QNF GOCKNNKGTV FKGUG CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG OKV HÒPH CDIGTWPFGVGP /WVVGTP DGHGUVKIV  I CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG   *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC ,CEQD .GUGT KP 5VTCWDKPI CP 0CFGN FKGUG KPPGP OKV -CUVGPRWP\G   HÒTGT5KNDGT$9-)--$1'- ++ 



-ÌPKINKEJGT /KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVQTFGP -TGW\  -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP )QNF GOCKNNKGTV  I CWH   FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG GKPGT 5EJYGTVGTMNKPIG *GTUVGNNGT WPF )QNFCPICDG )'$* FGT (KTOC )GDTÒFGT   *GOOGTNGHÒTGT)QNFCOCNVGP*CNUDCPFCDUEJPKVV$9-)--$1'- +++  'KPYGKVGTGU-TGW\-NCUUGOKV5EJYGTVGTPFGU-ÌPKINKEJGP/KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVQTFGPUKPGKPGT(GTVKIWPI FGT(KTOC)GDTÒFGT*GOOGTNGOKV\WIGJÌTKIGT8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGHÒTFGPRTGW­KUEJGP)GPGTCNOCLQT 9KNNKCO$CNEMDKGVGPYKT+JPGPWPVGT-CV0TWPFCP



-ÌPKINKEJGT/KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVQTFGP1HHK\KGTUMTGW\OKV5EJYGTVGTP\YGKVG#WUHÒJTWPI OKV(NCOOGP \YKUEJGP FGP -TGW\CTOGP  YQJN #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC ,CEQD .GUGT KP 5VTCWDKPI )QNF GOCKNNKGTV   'OCKNNGTGRCTCVWT KP GKPGT -TGW\CTOURKV\G CP 0CFGN KO QTKIKPCNGP UKNDGTHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJ   WPIUGVWKFGT(KTOC.GUGT$9-)--$1'- 4++ 

22


BRAUNSCHWEIG

12

11





-ÌPKINKEJGT /KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVQTFGP -TGW\  -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC ,CEQD   .GUGT KP 5VTCWDKPI 5KNDGT /GFCKNNQP )QNF CNNG #TOG PCEJGOCKNNKGTV =TGGPCOGNNGF? KP FGT #ITCHHG   GT5KNDGTRWP\GWPF*GTUVGNNGTRWP\G,.FGT(KTOC.GUGTKO4KPI5KNDGTRWP\GCOUR·VGTGP UEJOCNGP$TWUVDCPF#DUEJPKVV$9-)--$1'- +++ 'TKPPGTWPIU\GKEJGPHÒTXGTFKGPUVNKEJG.GKUVWPIGPKO-TKGIULCJTHÒT<KXKN·T\VG/KPKCVWTCD\GK- EJGPZOOCP0CFGN ++ 'KPGPYGKVGTGP$C[TKUEJGP8GTFKGPUVQTFGPHKPFGP5KGWPVGTFGT0TKO0CEJNCUU9KNNKCO$CNEM

 

13 1:1

$4#705%*9'+)*'4<1)67/ $+5  

*GT\QINKEJ $TCWPUEJYGKIKUEJGT 1TFGP *GKPTKEJU FGU .ÌYGP -TGW\  -NCUUG  Z  OO   5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV  I KO 6TCIGUGIOGPV *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G FGT (KTOC *GTOCPP   ,ÒTIGPU *CNDOQPF -TQPG WPF GT 5KNDGTRWP\G QJPG 5EJWNVGTDCPF $9-  )-     -$1'- ++  'ZGORNCTCWUGKPGTCNVGPDGFGWVGPFGPHTCP\ÌUKUEJGP2TKXCVUCOONWPI'UYGKUVDGKIGPCWGT7PVGTUWEJWPIMGKPGTNGK ªDGTGKPUVKOOWPIOKVFGPUCVVUCODGMCPPVGPUGKVFGPGT,CJTGPKO/CTMVMWTUKGTGPFGP(·NUEJWPIGP\WO5EJC FGPFGT5COONGTCWH  

.CWV 4GEMGYGNN KP 49 5   YWTFGP CD  DKU \WO 'PFG FGT /QPCTEJKG CNNG +PUKIPKGP FGU 1TFGPU XQP FGT   (KTOC*GTOCPP,ÒTIGPUIGNKGHGTVFGTUKGKP*CPCWHGTVKIGPNKG­.CWVUGKPGP#PICDGP 5 YWTFGP\YKUEJGPFGO /CKWPFPWT-NCUUGPXGTNKGJGP

23


HANNOVER

14 (1:1)



*GT\QINKEJ $TCWPUEJYGKIKUEJGT 1TFGP *GKPTKEJU FGU .ÌYGP $TWUVUVGTP \WO -QOOCPFGWTMTGW\ +   -NCUUG 5KNDGT #WHNCIGP )QNF FKG )QNFCWHNCIGP FGT /QPQITCOOG UGRCTCV XGTUVKHVGV VGKNYGKUG   GOCKNNKGTVCP&QRRGNPCFGN$9-)-.-$1'- ++  #WHITWPFFGT&QRRGNPCFGNFÒTHVGGUUKEJJKGTDGKWOGKPGHTÒJG#PHGTVKIWPIFGT(KTOC.GOOG\YKUEJGPWPF  QFGT FGT (KTOC -CWUEJG \YKUEJGP  WPF  JCPFGNP YQDGK NCWV 4GEMGYGNN KP 49 5  XQP .GOOG   KPUIGUCOVPWT'ZGORNCTGWPFXQP-CWUEJGPWTJGTIGUVGNNVYQTFGPUKPF

15 (1:1)

*#0018'4-74(ª456'067/ $+5 70&-¤0+)4'+%*   

5V )GQTIU1TFGP $TWUVUVGTP &WTEJOGUUGT  OO 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV WPF TGRGTEKGTV /GFCKNNQP VNY   )QNFGOCKNNKGTVI'OCKNNGOCNGTGKCPGEJVIQNFGPGT0CFGN$9-)-XCT-$ XCT1'- ++  5GJTHGKPG#TDGKVCWUFGT/KVVGFGU,CJTJWPFGTVU+O2TKP\KRUVKOOVFKGUGU'ZGORNCTKO9GUGPVNKEJGPKPCNNGP &GVCKNU DKUCWHFKGDGKFGP/GFCKNNQPTKPIG OKVGKPGODGK-NGPCW )-0T WPF-NKPIDGKN6JKGU -$0T  CDIGDKNFGVGP'ZGORNCTÒDGTGKP

24


HOHENZOLLERN

16



-ÌPKINKEJGT*CPPQXGTUEJGT)WGNRJGP1TFGP=4Q[CN*CPQXGTKCP)WGNRJKE1TFGT?)GUVKEMVGT$TWUV- UVGTP\WO-QOOCPFGWTMTGW\OKV5EJYGTVGTP=-PKIJV%QOOCPFGT-%*?#WUHÒJTWPIXQPDKU  5KNDGTNCCP WPF 2CKNNGVVGP 5GKFGPHCFGP IGUVKEMV /GFCKNNQPHGNF GOCKNNKGTV OKV HGKPUVGT 'OCKNNG-   OCNGTGK CP GKPKIGP 5VGNNGP NGKEJVG $GUEJ·FKIWPIGP FKG -WIGNP CP FGP -TGW\CTOURKV\GP CDIGMPKEMV   FKG$GHGUVKIWPIU5EJNCWHGPOGKUVXQTJCPFGPFCUQTKIKPCNG#DFGEMRCRKGTOKVCNVGTUDGFKPIVGP(GJNUVGNNGP $9-/;1'-XCT +++



0KOOGTIWVDKNFGV KP0+50T GKPGP5VGTPKPPCJG\WKFGPVKUEJGT(GTVKIWPILGFQEJDGUUGTGT'TJCNVWPICD

18

19

17

(4'+'*#05'56&6')'/'+05#/ 

*CPUGCVGPMTGW\  -QPXQNWV FGU $TGOGT *CODWTIGT WPF .ÒDGEMGT *CPUGCVGPMTGW\GU XGTUKNDGTV   GKPGU VNY XGTIQNFGV GOCKNNKGTV CP UEJOCNGP CNVGP $·PFGTP GKPGU HNGEMKI $9-    1'-    ++



'KPG8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG\WO*CODWTIGT*CPUGCVGPMTGW\HÒTFGPRTGW­KUEJGP)GPGTCNOCLQT 9KNNKCO$CNEMDKGVGPYKT+JPGPWPVGT-CV0TCP

(ª456'06ª/'4 $+5 *1*'0<1..'40*'%*+0)'070&*1*'0<1..'40 5+)/#4+0)'070&(ª456.+%*'(#/+.+'810*1*'0<1..'40 5+)/#4+0)'0 5'+6D\Y  

(ÒTUVNKEJGT*CWUQTFGPXQP*QJGP\QNNGTP0KEJVRTQDGO·­KIG#PHGTVKIWPI=HCMG?GKPGU'JTGPMQOVWT- MTGW\GUOKV5EJYGTVGTP5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCO*CNUDCPF ++



(ÒTUVNKEJGT*CWUQTFGPXQP*QJGP\QNNGTP/QFGNN UGKV )QNFGPG'JTGPOGFCKNNGOKV5EJYGT- VGTP  #WUICDG OKV FGT ,CJTGU\CJN    #WUHÒJTWPI OKV 5EJPÌTMGNP KO 9CRRGP  5KNDGT   XGTIQNFGV 8GTIQNFWPI VTCIGDGFKPIV VNY XGTICPIGP CO CWHIGVTGPPVGP $QIGPDCPF $9-  -$   1'- 4+++++



'UJCPFGNVUKEJJKGTDGKWOGKPGKPFGPGT,CJTGPCWHFGP/CTMVIGDTCEJVG(·NUEJWPI\WO5EJCFGPFGT5COONGT



#WHITWPFFGU7OUVCPFGUFC­FKG8GTIQNFWPIFKGUGU'ZGORNCTUPWTPQEJVNYXQTJCPFGPWPFKPUDGUQPFGTGCWHFGP GTJCDGPGP 5VGNNGP DGTKGDGP KUV MCPP FKGUGU 'ZGORNCT CNU QTKIKPCN WPF \GKVIGPÌUUKUEJ CPIGUGJGP YGTFGP GU UKEJ   JKGTDGK PKEJV WO GKPG UR·VGT PCEJXGTIQNFGVG 8GTH·NUEJWPI GKPGT 5KNDGTPGP /GFCKNNG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP JCPFGNV .CWV   .KPMWPF)CWIIGN KP.0-5 KUVFKGUG/GFCKNNGWPVGT(ÒTUV9KNJGNOXQP*QJGP\QNNGTPKO<WUCOOGPJCPIOKV FGO'TUVGP9GNVMTKGIPWTOCN OKV5EJYGTVGTP XGTNKGJGPYQTFGPYGKVGTG8GTNGKJWPIGPUKPFPKEJVGTHQNIV  &CUHQNIGPFG/KPKCVWTGPMGVVEJGPUVCOOVXQPFGOUGNDGP6T·IGT

25


LIPPE

20



21

/KPKCVWTGPMGVVEJGP GKPGU YQJN JQJGP\QNNGTPUEJGP 7PVGTQHHK\KGTU WPF 8GVGTCPGP FGU 'TUVGP 9GNV-   MTKGIUOKVHÒPH#WU\GKEJPWPIUOKPKCVWTGP 2TGW­GP/KPKCVWTFGU'-++ *QJGP- \QNNGTP (ÒTUVNKEJGT *CWUQTFGP XQP *QJGP\QNNGTP /KPKCVWT FGT )QNFGPGP 'JTGPOGFCKNNG OKV   5EJYGTVGTP  #WUICDG OKV FGT ,CJTGU\CJN   XGTIQNFGV   5CEJUGP#NVGPDWTI /KPKCVWT FGT   6CRHGTMGKVUOGFCKNNG $TQP\G   2TGW­GP &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI  /QFGNN   /KPKCVWT FGU   -TGW\GU  -NCUUG HÒT :8 &KGPUVLCJTG XGTIQNFGV   &GWVUEJGU 4GKEJ -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G FGU   -[HHJ·WUGT$WPFGUOKV5EJYGTVGTPXGTIQNFGV 5VÒEM++



&KGXQTJGTIGJGPFG)QNFGPG'JTGPOGFCKNNGOKV5EJYGTVGTPUVCOOVXQPFGOUGNDGP6T·IGT



(ÒTUVNKEJGT *CWUQTFGP XQP *QJGP\QNNGTP  /QFGNN UGKV   5KNDGTPG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG OKV   5EJYGTVGTP  #WUICDG OKV FGT ,CJTGU\CJN    #WUHÒJTWPI OKV 5EJPÌTMGNP KO 9CRRGP    5KNDGTVNYXGTIQNFGVQJPG$CPF$9--$1'- ++ 'KP'JTGPMTGW\-NCUUGFGU(ÒTUVNKEJGP*CWUQTFGPUDGHKPFGVUKEJCPGKPGTITQ­GPUEJYGFKUEJGP 1TFGPUUEJPCNNGFKGYKTWPVGT-CV0TCPDKGVGP&KG\WIGJÌTKIG/KPKCVWTGPUEJPCNNGKUVWPVGT -CV0T\WHKPFGP



22



.+22' &'6/1.& (ª456'067/ $+5 

(ÒTUVNKEJ .KRRKUEJGT *CWUQTFGP  /QFGNN OKV /QPQITCOO . CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG      -NGKPQF \WO )TQ­MTGW\ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP D\Y 'JTGPMTGW\  -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP #PHGTVKIWPI FGT   (KTOC%(<KOOGTOCPPKP2HQT\JGKO CD ZOO.·PIGFGT5EJYGTVGTWPFOO &KEMG  OO 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV  I KO (GNF FGU 4GXGTUOGFCKNNQPU OGJTGTG   'OCKNNGEJKRUQJPG5EJWNVGTDCPF$9-1'--$5-D 44++  'ZGORNCTCWUGKPGTCNVGPDGFGWVGPFGPHTCP\ÌUKUEJGP2TKXCVUCOONWPI  &CU'ZGORNCTYGKUVDGKIGPCWGT7PVGTUWEJWPIMGKPGTNGKªDGTGKPUVKOOWPIOKVFGPUCVVUCODGMCPPVGPUGKVFGPGT ,CJTGPKO/CTMVMWTUKGTGPFGP(·NUEJWPIGP\WO5EJCFGPFGT5COONGTCWH'UJCPFGNVUKEJJKGTDGKWPUGTGT/GKPWPI PCEJ VCVU·EJNKEJ WO GKP WTURTÒPINKEJ CNU )TQ­MTGW\ IGVTCIGPGU 'JTGPMTGW\  -NCUUG CWU FGT #PHGTVKIWPI FGT   2HQT\JGKOGT(KTOC%(<KOOGTOCPPCD+PUDGUQPFGTGYGKUVFKG4QUGKO/GFCKNNQPFKGUGNDGPIGUVCNVGTKUEJGP WPF XGTCTDGKVWPIUVGEJPKUEJGP &GVCKNU YKG FKGLGPKIG FGUKPFGTHQNIGPFGP-CVCNQIPWOOGTCPIGDQVGPGP\WIGJÌTKIGP $TWUVUVGTPUCWH.CWV5EJYCTM KP5-5 KUVFCU)TQ­MTGW\KPFKGUGT#PHGTVKIWPIPWTFTGKOCNXGTNKGJGPYQTFGP WPF\YCTCOCP-ÌPKI.WFYKI+++XQP$C[GTP    COCP-TQPRTKP\4WRRTGEJVXQP$C[GTP  WPF  COCP-CKUGT-CTN+XQP¤UVGTTGKEJ-ÌPKIXQP7PICTP    &C UKEJ FKG +PUKIPKGP FGT DGKFGP 9KVVGNUDCEJGT PQEJ KO $GUKV\ FGT (COKNKG DGHKPFGP FKG +PUKIPKGP -CKUGT -CTNU   LGFQEJUGKVFGPGT,CJTGPXGTUEJQNNGPUKPFKUVFCXQPCWU\WIGJGPFC­GUUKEJJKGTDGKVCVU·EJNKEJWOFCUCPFGP ÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJGP -CKUGT \WUCOOGPOKVFGO KPFGTHQNIGPFGP-CVCNQIPWOOGTCPIGDQVGPGP $TWUVUVGTPXGTNKGJGPGP -NGKPQF\WO)TQ­MTGW\FGU*CWUQTFGPUJCPFGNPFÒTHVG  &CU'JTGPMTGW\-NCUUG CNUQQJPG$TWUVUVGTP OKV5EJYGTVGTPKUVKPUGKPGPFTGK#WUHÒJTWPIGP XQP$ÒUEJ)QFGV WPF<KOOGTOCPP OCNKO<GKVTCWOXQPDKUXGTNKGJGPYQTFGP

26


SCHAUMBURG-LIPPE

23

23 (1:1)



(ÒTUVNKEJ .KRRKUEJGT *CWUQTFGP  /QFGNN OKV /QPQITCOO . CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG      $TWUVUVGTP\WO)TQ­MTGW\OKV5EJYGTVGTP#PHGTVKIWPIFGT(KTOC%(<KOOGTOCPPKP2HQT\JGKO CD  ZOO.·PIGFGT5EJYGTVGTWPFOO5KNDGTVNYXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTV IOKPQDGTHN·EJNKEJG'OCKNNGEJKRUKO/GFCKNNQPTKPIFKG5EJYGTVGTCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVGFWTEJXKGT HÒTFKG(KTOC<KOOGTOCPPV[RKUEJGP*QJNPKGVGPDGHGUVKIVCP0CFGNFKGUGOKV-CUVGPRWP\GHÒTGT 5KNDGT$9-5-D1'- 4444++  'ZGORNCTCWUGKPGTCNVGPDGFGWVGPFGPHTCP\ÌUKUEJGP2TKXCVUCOONWPI





<WIGJÌTKI\WTXQTJGTIGJGPFGP-CVCNQIPWOOGT<WTOÌINKEJGP2TQXGPKGP\UKGJGDKVVGFKGFQTVKIGP#POGTMWPIGP

'KPG.KRRG UEJG8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGHKPFGP5KGWPVGTFGT0TKO0CEJNCUU9KNNKCO$CNEM

24 (1:1)

5%*#7/$74).+22'(ª456'067/ $+5  

(ÒTUVNKEJ5EJCWODWTI.KRRKUEJGT*CWUQTFGP-TGW\-NCUUG#WUHÒJTWPIOKVYGK­GP*KPVGTITWPF FGU/GFCKNNQPU#PHGTVKIWPIFGU,WYGNKGTU$ÒUEJKP*CPPQXGT)QNFVNY\KUGNKGTVVNYITCXKGTVGOCKN- NKGTV/GFCKNNQPHGNF#WHNCIGVNY5KNDGTIOKP#DRNCV\WPIGPKPFGT4QUGPDNÒVGCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG OKPXGTUEJOWV\VQJPG*CNUDCPF$9--$1'- ++

 27


OLDENBURG

25

27 (1:1) 26

/'%-.'0$74)5%*9'4+0*'4<1)67/ $+5 70&  )4155*'4<1)67/   



'TKPPGTWPIUMTGW\\WT'KPJWPFGTVHÒPHWPF\YCP\KI,CJTHGKGTFGU)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ/GEMNGPDWTIKUEJGP (ÒUKNKGT4GIKOGPVU 0T  -CKUGT 9KNJGNO KO ,CJTG  8GTUKNDGTV CWHIGNGIV CWH $CPFURCPIG   CWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPIFGT(KTOC&GUEJNGT5QJPKP/ÒPEJGPCP0CFGN 4++



'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG\WT'KPJWPFGTV,CJTHGKGTFGU)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ/GEMNGPDWTIKUEJGP(GNFCTVKNNG- TKG4GIKOGPVU0TKO,CJTG$TQP\GXGTUKNDGTVCPFGTQTKIKPCNGP$CPFUEJNGKHG75 ++



0#55#775+0)'0(ª456'067/  70&*'4<1)67/0#55#7   

/KNKV·T WPF %KXKN8GTFKGPUVQTFGP #FQNRJU XQP 0CUUCW 4KVVGTMTGW\  Z  OO )QNF   GOCKNNKGTVIQJPG$CPF$9--$1'- ++



'KPG8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG\WO4KVVGTMTGW\OKV5EJYGTVGTPFGU/KNKV·TWPF%KXKN8GTFKGPUVQTFGPU#FQNRJU XQP0CUUCWHÒTFGPRTGW­KUEJGP*CWRVOCPP9KNNKCO$CNEMDKGVGPYKT+JPGPWPVGT-CV0TCP

30 28 33

31 (1:1)

1.&'0$74)*'4<1)67/ $+5 70&)4155*'4<1)67/   

(TKGFTKEJ#WIWUV-TGW\-TGW\-NCUUG-TKGIUOGVCNNNCEMKGTVCP0CFGN$9-1'- ++





-TKGIUXGTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG'KUGPIGUEJY·T\V-QTTQUKQPUURWTGPQJPG$CPF$9-1'-  +++++





&KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI/QFGNN-NCUUG5EJPCNNGHÒT&KGPUVLCJTGCWH5RCPIGOKV0CFGNCWHIGNGIV QJPG$CPF$9-1'- ++





&KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPIHÒTFKG)GPFCTOGTKG/QFGNN  -NCUUG/GFCKNNGHÒT+:&KGPUV- LCJTGXGTUKNDGTVQJPG$CPF$9-1'- ++





#WU\GKEJPWPIU WPF &QMWOGPVGP0CEJNC­ FGU )GHTGKVGP WPF 8GVGTCPGP FGU 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIU   'OKN)TWDG 2TGW­GP'KUGTPGU-TGW\++-NCUUG'KUGPIGUEJY·T\V5KNDGT\CTIGCO$CPFOKV XQTN·WHKIGO $GUKV\\GWIPKU FCVKGTV    1NFGPDWTI (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV-TGW\ ++ -NCUUG 'KUGP   IGUEJY·T\V CO $TWUVDCPF HÒT -·ORHGT OKV XQTN·WHKIGO $GUKV\\GWIPKU FCVKGTV      &GWVUEJGU 4GKEJ 'JTGPMTGW\ FGU 9GNVMTKGIU HÒT (TQPVM·ORHGT 'KUGP DTQP\KGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG   *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI482(14<*'+/OKV8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGFCVKGTV\WUCOOGP OKV/KNKV·TRC­WPF8QTOWPFUEJCHVUWTMWPFG&KG&QMWOGPVGGKPQFGTOGJTHCEJIGHCNVGV 5VÒEM++



0KEJVKFGPVKHK\KGTVGU#OVUCD\GKEJGPOKVFGO9CRRGPFGT.CPFGUMQNNGIKGPFGU*GT\QIVWOU1NFGP- DWTIZOOXGTUKNDGTVCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVGFTGK/GVCNNÌUGP\WT$GHGUVKIWPI 44++



 28


NACHLASS WILLIAM BALCK

-¤0+)4'+%*24'755'0  &'40#%*.#55&'5)'0'4#..'760#0659+..+#/$#.%-   9KT HTGWGP WPU +JPGP KO (QNIGPFGP 0TP   FGP #WU   \GKEJPWPIU WPF 7TMWPFGP 6GKN  0CEJNCUU FGU KP 1UPCDTÒEM   IGDQTGPGP RTGWUUKUEJGP )GPGTCNNGWVPCPVU 9KNNKCO $CNEM CP   DKGVGP\WMÌPPGP&GP0CEJNCUUUGKPGU5QJPGU*GTOCPP$CNEM

  )GPGTCN FGT 2CP\GTVTWRRG WPF $TKNNCPVGPVT·IGT   HKPFGP5KGCDFGT.QUPWOOGT  

&KGCPIGDQVGPGP5VÒEMGFGU0CEJNCUUGUUVCOOGPCNNGFKTGMVCWU FGT(COKNKGFGU6T·IGTUWPFYWTFGPPKEJVCPFGTYGKVKIGTI·P\V 

-QPTCF (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV *GPT[ 9KNNKCO $CNEM YWTFG CO    1MVQDGT  KP 1UPCDTÒEM FCOCNU FGO -ÌPKITGKEJ   *CPPQXGT \WIGJÌTKI  CNU 5QJP FGU DTKVKUEJGP *CWRVOCPPU WPF   $TGXGV1DGTUVNGWVPCPVU C & )GQTIG $CNEM   WPF   FGUUGP 'JGHTCW %JCTNQVVG IGD .ÒVIGP IGUV   IGDQTGP   

0CEJ UGKPGT -CFGVVGP\GKV KP 2NÌP WPF $GTNKP YWTFG GT    2QTVGRGGH·JPTKEJ KO +++ $CVCKNNQPFGU1UVHTKGUKUEJGP+PH4IVU *GT\QI (TKGFTKEJ 9KNJGNO XQP $TCWPUEJYGKI 0T  KP   1UPCDTÒEM  

&KG YGKVGTGP 5EJTKVVG UGKPGT OKNKV·TKUEJGP -CTTKGTG    5GEQPF.KGWVGPCPV2TGOKGT.KGWVGPCPVXQPDKU 5VWFKWO CP FGT -TKGIUCMCFGOKG  *CWRVOCPP WPF -QO   RCPKGEJGH.GJTGTCPFGT-TKGIUUEJWNGKP&CP\KIWPF KP 'PIGTU  -QORCPKGEJGH KO  9GUVH·NKUEJGP +PH4IV   8QIGN XQP (CNEMGPUVGKP 0T   /CLQT KO )TQ­GP   )GPGTCNUVCD-QOOCPFGWTFGU++$CVCKNNQPUFGU2QUGP UEJGP +PH4IVU XQP %QWDK½TG 0T   1DGTUVNGWVPCPV    5VCD FGU  0KGFGTUEJNGUKUEJGP +PH4IVU )TCH -KTEJDCEJ 0T   1DGTUV WPF -QOOCPFGWT FGU   KO 2QOOGTUEJGP+PH4IVUXQPFGT/CTYKV\0T)GPGTCNOCLQTWPF-QOOCPFGWTFGT+PHCPVGTKG DTKICFG  +PURGMVGWT FGT (GNFVGNGITCRJKG FCPP $TKICFGMQOOCPFGWT DGK FGT  4GUGTXGFKXKUKQP    -QOOCPFGWTFGT.CPFYGJTFKXKUKQP-QOOCPFGWTFGT4GUGTXGFKXKUKQP)GPGTCNNGWVPCPV )QWXGTPGWTFGTDCNVKUEJGPJGWVGGUVPKUEJGP+PUGNP¤UGN JGWVG5CCTGOCC /QQP JGWVG/WJW WPF&CIÌ JGWVG *KKWOCC KPFGT1UVUGG#WIWUV2GPUKQPKGTWPIWPVGTXQTN·WHKIGT$GNCUUWPIKO#OVCNU)QWXGTPGWT  

9·JTGPFFGU'TUVGP9GNVMTKGIUJCV$CNEMWCCO(GNF\WIKP2QNGP YQDGKGTUEJYGTXGTYWPFGVYWTFG   CP FGP -·ORHGP KP .QVJTKPIGP  CP FGT 5QOOG WPF KP FGT %JCORCIPG WPF  XQT 8GTFWP   VGKNIGPQOOGP  

/KVUGKPGT(TCW/CVJKNFGIGD,GPUGP 'JGUEJNKG­WPI JCVVGGT\YGK-KPFGT)GQTI1VVQ*GTOCPP   FGTKO<YGKVGP9GNVMTKGI)GPGTCNFGT2CP\GTVTWRRGIGYQTFGPKUVWPF(TKGFC IGD  

29


NACHLASS WILLIAM BALCK

9·JTGPF UGKPGT NCPIGP OKNKV·TKUEJGP -CTTKGTG JCV   9KNNKCO $CNEM \CJNTGKEJG 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP   XGTNKGJGPDGMQOOGPFKGCWEJCWHUGKPGO1TFGPUMKUUGP XQTFGOCWHIGDCTVGVGP5CTIFGWVNKEJ\WGTMGPPGPUKPF  +O (QNIGPFGP JCDGP YKT FKG 8GTNGKJWPIUJKUVQTKG 9KNNK   CO $CNEMU OKV FGP DGK WPU CPIGDQVGPGP .QUPWOOGTP   KP8GTDKPFWPIIGUGV\V 

8GTNGKJWPIUFCVWO          (GDTWCT                

#WU\GKEJPWPI

5KGJG.QUPWOOGT 

<GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG .WZGODWTIņ4KVVGTMTGW\OKV5EJYGTVGTPFGU/KNKV·T WPF%KXKN8GTFKGPUVQTFGPU#FQNRJUXQP0CUUCW 2TGW­GPņ4QVGT#FNGT1TFGP-NCUUG 2TGW­GPņ&KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPIHÒT1HHK\KGTG 4WO·PKGPņ-QOOCPFGWTMTGW\FGU1TFGPU -TQPG4WO·PKGPU )TQ­DTKVCPPKGPņ'JTGPOKVINKGF-NCUUGFGU -ÌPKINKEJGP8KMVQTKC1TFGPU 2TGW­GPņ-ÌPKINKEJGT-TQPGP1TFGP-NCUUG )TQ­DTKVCPPKGPņ'JTGP-QOOCPFGWTMTGW\FGU -ÌPKINKEJGP8KMVQTKC1TFGPU )TKGEJGPNCPFņ-QOOCPFGWTMTGW\FGU -ÌPKINKEJGP'TNÌUGTQTFGPU 2TGW­GPņ4QVGT#FNGT1TFGP-NCUUGOKVFGT5EJNGKHG 2TGW­GPņ4QVGT#FNGT1TFGP-NCUUGOKV'KEJGPNCWD 2TGW­GPņ'KUGTPGU-TGW\++-NCUUG $C[GTPņ/KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVQTFGP-NCUUGOKV5EJYGTVGTP 9ÒTVVGODGTIņ-QOVWTMTGW\OKV5EJYGTVGTPFGU1TFGPU FGT9ÒTVVGODGTIKUEJGP-TQPG 5CEJUGPņ-QOVWTMTGW\-NCUUGFGU#NDTGEJVUQTFGPU OKV5EJYGTVGTP .KRRGņ-TKGIUXGTFKGPUVMTGW\ *CODWTIņ*CPUGCVGPMTGW\ 5EJYCT\DWTI5QPFGTUJCWUGPņ(ÒTUVNKEJ5EJYCT\DWTIKUEJGU 'JTGPMTGW\+-NCUUGOKV5EJYGTVGTP 2TGW­GPņ5EJYGTVGT\WO4QVGP#FNGT1TFGP-NCUUG OKV'KEJGPNCWD 2TGW­GPņ-ÌPKINKEJGT-TQPGP1TFGP++-NCUUGOKV FGO5VGTPWPF5EJYGTVGTP 9CNFGEMņ(ÒTUVNKEJ9CNFGEMʼnUEJGU8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ -NCUUGOKV5EJYGTVGTP 2TGW­GPņ1TFGPRQWTNGO¾TKVGŌ .ÒDGEMņ*CPUGCVGPMTGW\ 2TGW­GPņ5VGTP\WO4QVGP#FNGT1TFGP-NCUUGOKV 'KEJGPNCWDWPF5EJYGTVGTP &GWVUEJGU4GKEJņ#D\GKEJGPHÒT8GTYWPFGVGKP5EJYCT\

ņ    WPF    WPF WPF  WPF     WPF 



    

  

WPF     WPF   WPF   WPF    WPF ņ WPF   

$CNEM YCT CWEJ CNU /KNKV·TUEJTKHVUVGNNGT V·VKI WPF JCV \CJNTGKEJG #TVKMGN KO /KNKV·T9QEJGPDNCVV KO   &GWVUEJGP 1HHK\KGTUDNCVV WPF KP 6CIGU\GKVWPIGP UQYKG GKPG 4GKJG XQP OKNKV·TKUEJGP 2WDNKMCVKQPGP   XGTÌHHGPVNKEJV#O,WNKKUVGTKP#WTKEJIGUVQTDGP  

8INCWEJ#WVGPITWDGT/KEJCGNWPF(GFGT-NCWU*\WNGV\VFCU8GTYWPFGVGPCD\GKEJGP)GPGTCN NGWVPCPV 9KNNKCO $CNEM   KO 5RKGNIGN UGKPGT #WU\GKEJPWPIGP +P /KNKVCTKC  ,CJTICPI   *GHV5GRVGODGT1MVQDGT 

30


NACHLASS WILLIAM BALCK

34 (1:1)

35

-¤0+)4'+%*24'755'0 

1TFGP RQWT NG O¾TKVG 1TFGPUMTGW\  Z  OO 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV  I OKV   $CPFTKPI CWHFGO4CPFFGUWPVGTGP-TGW\CTOGU4KV\OCTMG9FGT(KTOC9CIPGTKP$GTNKPKPFGT ¤UG 5KNDGTRWP\G  MNGKPG 'OCKNNGCDURNKVVGTWPIGP CWH FGT 8QTFGTUGKVG FGU WPVGTGP WPF TGEJVGP   -TGW\CTOU QJPG $CPF KO QTKIKPCNGP UEJYCT\GP PKEJV OGJT RGTHGMV UEJNKG­GPFGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK   $9-XCT-$#XCT1'- +++++++  +O<WUCOOGPJCPIOKVUGKPGT$GHÌTFGTWPI\WO)QWXGTPGWTXQP¤UGN/QQPWPF&CIÌCO/·T\YWTFGGT XQP )GPGTCNQDGTUV -CTN XQP 'KPGO   OKV HQNIGPFGO 8GTNGKJWPIUXQTUEJNCI HÒT FGP 2QWT NG O¾TKVG   GKPIGTGKEJV  

)GP.V $CNEM JCV UKEJ CNU -FT FGT  4& IN·P\GPF DGY·JTV 2GTUÌPNKEJ GKP8QTDKNFCP6CRHGTMGKVWPF7PGT UEJTQEMGPJGKVJCVGTGUXGTUVCPFGPUGKPG6TWRRGPOKVHQTV\WTGK­GPWPFUKGUQYGKV\WDTKPIGPFC­FKG&KXKUKQPCNU #PITKHHUFKXKUKQPXGTYGPFGVYGTFGPUQNNņ&KG&KXKUKQPJCVUEJYGTWPFJCTVIGM·ORHVOKVITQ­GO'THQNIWPFKPFGT 9GUVWPF1UV%JCORCIPGWPFXQT8GTFWPYQUKGFKG*ÌJGKO5VWTOPCJOªDGTCNNYGTFGPFKG(ÒJTWPI FGU )GPGTCNU WPF FKG .GKUVWPIGP FGT 6TWRRG IGTÒJOV $GUQPFGTU JCV FGT 1DGTDGHGJNUJCDGT FGT  #TOGG FGP   )GP.V$CNEMYGIGPUGKPGTWOUKEJVKIGPWPFVCFGNNQUGP(ÒJTWPIIGNQDV<WNGV\VPQEJKPFGP-·ORHGPWOFKG9GV VGTGEMGJCVFKG&KXKUKQPGTPGWVGP4WJOGTYQTDGPWPFFKGIWVG#WUDKNFWPIIG\GKIVņ&C)GP.V$CNEMLGV\V GKPG8GTYGPFWPICNU)QWXGTPGWTKODGUGV\VGP)GDKGVHKPFGPUQNNJCNVGKEJFKG<GKVHÒTIGMQOOGPHÒTFGPDGY·JT VGP1HHK\KGTWPFIWVGP6TWRRGPHÒJTGTFKG8GTNGKJWPIFGU1TFGPU2QWTNGO¾TKVG\WGTDKVVGP  

0CEJFGO-TQPRTKP\9KNJGNO  FGP#PVTCIDGHÒTYQTVGVJCVVGXGTNKGJ-CKUGT9KNJGNO++  OKV #NNIGOGKPGT -CDKPGVVU1TFTG XQO  /·T\  FGP 1TFGP RQWT NG O¾TKVG CP )GPGTCNNGWVPCPV 9KNNKCO $CNEM  

/2/5H  

&KG\WIGJÌTKIG8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGYKTFWPVGTFGTHQNIGPFGP-CVCNQIPWOOGTCPIGDQVGP



-ÌPKITGKEJ2TGW­GP1TFGPRQWTNGO¾TKVG8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG\WO1TFGPUMTGW\HÒT)GPGTCNNGWV- PCPV9KNNKCO$CNEM)QWXGTPGWTFGT+PUGNP¤UGN&CIÌWPF/QQP&QRRGNDNCVVFCVKGTV)TQ­GU*CWRV- SWCTVKGT  /·T\  OKV 2T·IGUKGIGN WPF 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV 9KNJGNOU ++ FQRRGNV IGHCNVGV WPF KP   QDGTGP6GKNGVYCU\GTMPKVVGTV&C\WGKP#PUEJTGKDGPDGVTGHHUFGTªDGTUGPFWPIGKPGU0CVKQPCNHQTOWNCTU FCVKGTVFQRRGNVIGHCNVGV ++  &CU\WIGJÌTKIG1TFGPUMTGW\YKTFWPVGTFGTXQTJGTIGJGPFGP-CVCNQIPWOOGTCPIGDQVGP

31


NACHLASS WILLIAM BALCK

36 (1:1)

37



4QVGT #FNGT1TFGP  /QFGNN OKV \KGIGNTQVGO #FNGT    $TWUVUVGTP \WT  -NCUUG OKV   'KEJGPNCWD WPF 5EJYGTVGTP  I 5KNDGTMQTRWU -TGW\CTOG WPF 'KEJGPNCWD )QNF 5EJYGTVGT 5KNDGT   XGTIQNFGV   /GFCKNNQP 5KNDGTGOCKNNKGTVHGKPUVG'OCKNNGOCNGTGK-TGW\CTOGOKVXKGT*CNDMWIGNMQRH 5EJTCWDGP DGHGUVKIV 'KEJGPNCWD OKV 5EJTCWDG WPF /WVVGT WPVGTJCND FGU 0CFGNJCMGPU 4KV\OCTMG 9   FGT(KTOC9CIPGTKP$GTNKPCP5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVG0CFGNKOQTKIKPCNGPGVYCUDGTKGDGPGPTQVGPPKEJV OGJTRGTHGMVUEJNKG­GPFGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK$9--$1'- +++  &GT$TWUVUVGTP\WODGTGKVUKPPGJCDGPFGP-TGW\-NCUUGOKV'KEJGPNCWDOKV5EJYGTVGTPKUV)GPGTCNNGWVPCPV9KN NKCO$CNEMCO#WIWUVXGTNKGJGPYQTFGP+PVGTGUUCPVKUVFC­JKGT\WGKP$TWUVUVGTPOKVGEJVIQNFGPGP#WH NCIGPXGTYGPFGVYQTFGPKUVFGTXQTFGT8GTNGKJWPIOKV5EJYGTVGTPKPXGTIQNFGVGO5KNDGTCWHIGTÒUVGVYWTFG  

&KG\WIGJÌTKIG-CDKPGVVUQTFTGÒDGTFKG8GTNGKJWPIWPFFKG8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGYGTFGPWPVGTFGPDGKFGPHQNIGPFGP -CVCNQIPWOOGTPCPIGDQVGP



4QVGT #FNGT1TFGP -CDKPGVVUQTFTG DGVTGHHGPF FKG #PPCJOG FGU #DUEJKGFUIGUWEJGU )GPGTCNNGWVPCPVU   $CNEM )QWXGTPGWTU FGT +PUGNP ¤UGN /QQP WPF &CIÌ WPF 8GTNGKJWPI FGU 5VGTPU \WO 4QVGP #FNGT  1TFGP  -NCUUG OKV 'KEJGPNCWD WPF 5EJYGTVGTP &QRRGNDNCVV FCVKGTV )TQ­GU *CWRVSWCTVKGT CO   #WIWUVOKV1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV9KNJGNOU++FQRRGNVIGHCNVGV ++ &GT \WIGJÌTKIG 1TFGPUUVGTP YKTF WPVGT FGT XQTJGTIGJGPFGP -CVCNQIPWOOGT CPIGDQVGP FKG 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG   WPVGTFGTHQNIGPFGP

32




NACHLASS WILLIAM BALCK

39 (1:1)

38



4QVGT#FNGT1TFGP8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG\WO5VGTP\WO4QVGP#FNGT1TFGP-NCUUGOKV'KEJGPNCWD WPF5EJYGTVGTPHÒT)GPGTCNNGWVPCPV\&9KNNKCO$CNEMKO(TKGFGP+PURGMVGWTFGT(GNFVGNGITCRJKG   MGKP &QRRGNDNCVV   FCVKGTV $GTNKP CO  #WIWUV  OKV &TWEMUKGIGN WPF 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV   -CPKV\FQRRGNVIGHCNVGVOKP'KPTKUUG ++



&GT \WIGJÌTKIG 1TFGPUUVGTP WPF FKG \WIGJÌTKIG -CDKPGVVUQTFTG YGTFGP WPVGT FGP DGKFGP XQTJGTIGJGPFGP -CVCNQI   PWOOGTPCPIGDQVGP



4QVGT #FNGT1TFGP  /QFGNN OKV \KGIGNTQVGO #FNGT    -TGW\  -NCUUGOKV'KEJGPNCWD WPF 5EJYGTVGTP  I -TGW\WPF'KEJGPNCWD)QNFGOCKNNKGTVFKGGKPIGUEJTCWDVGP5EJYGTVGT5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV  HGKPUVG'OCKNNGOCNGTGKCWHFGO4CPFFGUWPVGTGP-TGW\CTOGU4KV\OCTMG9FGT(KTOC 9CIPGT KP $GTNKP \WUCOOGP OKV \YGK PKEJV MQPHGMVKQPKGTVGP QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPFCDUEJPKVVGP KO   QTKIKPCNGP TQVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK HÒT FCU -TGW\  -NCUUG OKV 'KEJGPNCWD QJPG 5EJYGTVGT $9-   -$XCT1'- ++  &KG5EJYGTVGT\WODGTGKVUUGKVFGO/CKKPPGJCDGPFGP-TGW\-NCUUGOKV'KEJGPNCWDUKPF)GPGTCNOCLQT 9KNNKCO $CNEM CO  0QXGODGT  XGTNKGJGP YQTFGP +PVGTGUUCPV KUV FC­ JKGT\W YQJN UGKP GKIGPGU -TGW\ KP   )QNFOKV5EJYGTVGTPKP5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVCWHIGTÒUVGVYWTFG

33


NACHLASS WILLIAM BALCK

40



41

4QVGT #FNGT1TFGP 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG \W FGP 5EJYGTVGTP \WO 4QVGP #FNGT1TFGP  -NCUUG OKV   'KEJGPNCWDHÒT)GPGTCNOCLQT9KNNKCO$CNEM-QOOCPFGWTFGT4GUGTXGFKXKUKQP&QRRGNDNCVVFCVKGTV $GTNKPCO0QXGODGTOKV&TWEMUKGIGNWPF1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV-CPKV\FQRRGNVIGHCNVGV ++



4QVGT #FNGT1TFGP 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG \WO 4QVGP #FNGT1TFGP  -NCUUG OKV 'KEJGPNCWD HÒT   )GPGTCNOCLQT 9KNNKCO $CNEM -QOOCPFGWT FGT  +PHCPVGTKGDTKICFG &QRRGNDNCVV FCVKGTV $GTNKP CO   /CKOKV&TWEMUKGIGNWPF1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV-CPKV\FQRRGNVIGHCNVGVGKPOKP'KPTK­ ++



&CU\WIGJÌTKIG1TFGPUMTGW\YKTFWPVGTFGTXQTJGTIGJGPFGP-CVCNQIPWOOGTCPIGDQVGP



&CU \WIGJÌTKIG 1TFGPUMTGW\ OKV FGP CO  0QXGODGT  JKP\WXGTNKGJGPGP 5EJYGTVGTP YKTF WPVGT FGT   XQTXQTJGTIGJGPFGP -CVCNQIPWOOGT CPIGDQVGP FKG 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG HÒT FKG 5EJYGTVGT WPVGT FGT XQTJGT   IGJGPFGP

42





34

43

4QVGT#FNGT1TFGP8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG\WO4QVGP#FNGT1TFGP-NCUUGOKVFGT5EJNGKHGHÒT1DGTUV 9KNNKCO$CNEM-QOOCPFGWTFGU2QOOGTUEJGP+PHCPVGTKGTGIKOGPVUXQPFGT/CTYKV\0T&QRRGN DNCVV FCVKGTV $GTNKP CO  ,CPWCT  OKV &TWEMUKGIGN WPF 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV FQRRGNV IGHCNVGV   GVYCUXGTUEJOWV\V<WUCOOGPOKVFGOªDGTUGPFWPIUUEJTGKDGPFCVKGTVCO(GDTWCT ++



4QVGT #FNGT1TFGP 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG \WO 4QVGP #FNGT1TFGP  -NCUUG HÒT *CWRVOCPP 9KNNKCO   $CNEM KO  9GUVH·NKUEJGP +PHCPVGTKG4GIKOGPV 8QIGN XQP (CNEMGPUVGKP 0T  DKUJGT ¯ NC UWKVG FGU   1UVHTKGUKUEJGP+PHCPVGTKG4GIKOGPVU*GT\QI(TKGFTKEJ9KNJGNOXQP$TCWPUEJYGKI0TWPF.GJTGTDGK FGT -TKGIUUEJWNG KP 'PIGTU &QRRGNDNCVV FCVKGTV $GTNKP CO  ,WPK  OKV &TWEMUKGIGN WPF   1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHVFQRRGNVIGHCNVGV ++




NACHLASS WILLIAM BALCK

44 (1:1)



4QVGT #FNGT1TFGP  /QFGNN OKV \KGIGNTQVGO #FNGT    -TGW\  -NCUUG OKVFGT-TQPG 5KNDGTVNYGOCKNNKGTVHGKPUVG'OCKNNGOCNGTGKCWHFGO4CPFFGUWPVGTGP-TGW\CTOU4KV\OCTMG9FGT (KTOC9CIPGTKP$GTNKPQJPG$CPF$9--$1'- ++



&KGUGU1TFGPUMTGW\UVCOOVCWUFGO0CEJNC­XQP9KNNKCO$CNEMYQDGKCNNGTFKPIUDKUJGTMGKPG'XKFGP\IGHWPFGP YGTFGPMQPPVGQD$CNEMFKG-NCUUGOKV-TQPGXGTNKGJGPD\YFKG-TQPG\WTUGKVFGO,WNKKPPGJCDGPFGP -NCUUGFGU4QVGP#FNGT1TFGPUJKP\WXGTNKGJGPDGMQOOGPJCV'UKUVCWEJPKEJVCWHUGKPGO1TFGPUMKUUGP\WUGJGP

45 (1:1)



-ÌPKINKEJGT -TQPGP1TFGP  /QFGNN OKV ITQ­GT RTGW­KUEJGT -ÌPKIUMTQPG KO #XGTUOGFCKNNQP      $TWUVUVGTP \WT  -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP 5KNDGTMQTRWU /GFCKNNQP  )QNF VNY GOCKNNKGTV   5EJYGTVGT5KNDGTXGTIQNFGV  IWPVGTJCNDFGU0CFGNJCMGPU4KV\OCTMG9FGT(KTOC9CIPGTKP $GTNKP CP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGVGT 0CFGN KO QTKIKPCNGP UEJYCT\GP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK OKV IQNFHCTDGPGO   /QPQITCOO9KNJGNOU++$9--$1'- +++  &GP -ÌPKINKEJGP -TQPGP1TFGP  -NCUUG OKV FGO 5VGTP WPF 5EJYGTVGTP JCV )GPGTCNOCLQT 9KNNKCO $CNEM CO     (GDTWCT  MWT\ XQT UGKPGT $GHÌTFGTWPI \WO )GPGTCNNGWVPCPV CO  /·T\   XGTNKGJGP DGMQOOGP   +PVGTGUUCPVKUVFC­JKGT\WGKP-TGW\KP)QNFOKV5EJYGTVGTPKP5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVCWHIGTÒUVGVYWTFG  

&KG\WIGJÌTKIG8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGYKTFWPVGTFGT-CVCNQIPWOOGTCPIGDQVGP

35


NACHLASS WILLIAM BALCK

46 (1:1)



-ÌPKINKEJGT -TQPGP1TFGP  /QFGNN OKV ITQ­GT RTGW­KUEJGT -ÌPKIUMTQPG KO #XGTUOGFCKNNQP      -TGW\  -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP -TGW\ )QNF GOCKNNKGTV FKG VGKNU GKPIGUEJTCWDVGP VGKNU   CPIGNÌVGVGP TGRCTKGTVGP! 5EJYGTVGT5KNDGTXGTIQNFGV  ICWHFGO4CPFFGUWPVGTGP-TGW\CTOGU 4KV\OCTMG 9 FGT (KTOC 9CIPGT KP $GTNKP \WUCOOGP OKV PKEJV MQPHGMVKQPKGTVGP QTKIKPCNGP *CNU   DCPFCDUEJPKVV KO QTKIKPCNGP UEJYCT\GP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK HÒT GKP -TGW\ QJPG 5EJYGTVGT OKV IQNF   HCTDGPGO/QPQITCOO9KNJGNOU++$9--$1'- ++  &GP -ÌPKINKEJGP -TQPGP1TFGP  -NCUUG OKV FGO 5VGTP WPF 5EJYGTVGTPJCV)GPGTCNOCLQT9KNNKCO$CNEMCO (GDTWCTMWT\XQTUGKPGT$GHÌTFGTWPI\WO)GPGTCNNGWVPCPV CO/·T\ XGTNKGJGPDGMQOOGP+PVGTGU UCPVKUVFC­JKGT\WGKP-TGW\KP)QNFOKV5EJYGTVGTPKP5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVCWHIGTÒUVGVYWTFG  

&KG\WIGJÌTKIG8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG\WT8GTNGKJWPIOKVFGO5VGTPYKTFWPVGTFGT-CVCNQIPWOOGTCPIGDQVGP



47

48

-ÌPKINKEJGT -TQPGP1TFGP 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG \WT  -NCUUG OKV FGO 5VGTP WPF 5EJYGTVGTP HÒT   )GPGTCNOCLQT 9KNNKCO $CNEM -QOOCPFGWT FGT  +PHCPVGTKGFKXKUKQP MGKP &QRRGNDNCVV   FCVKGTV   $GTNKP(GDTWCTOKV&TWEMUKGIGNWPF1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV-CPKV\IGHCNVGV ++



&KG\WIGJÌTKIGP1TFGPUKPUKIPKGPYGTFGPWPVGTFGPDGKFGPXQTJGTIGJGPFGP-CVCNQIPWOOGTPCPIGDQVGP



-ÌPKINKEJGT -TQPGP1TFGP 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG \WT  -NCUUG HÒT FGP /CLQT KO ITQ­GP )GPGTCNUVCD   9KNNKCO$CNEM&QRRGNDNCVVFCVKGTV$GTNKPCO,CPWCTOKV2T·IGUKGIGNWPF1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV 9KNJGNOU++ ++ &CU\WIGJÌTKIG1TFGPUMTGW\KUVWPVGTFGTHQNIGPFGP-CVCNQIPWOOGT\WHKPFGP

36




NACHLASS WILLIAM BALCK

49



-ÌPKINKEJGT -TQPGP1TFGP  /QFGNN OKV ITQ­GT RTGW­KUEJGT -ÌPKIUMTQPG KO #XGTUOGFCKNNQP      -TGW\  -NCUUG )QNF GOCKNNKGTV 'OCKNNGUEJCFGP CWH #XGTU WPF 4GXGTU FGU QDGTGP  -TGW\CTOU ¤UG OKV $CPFTKPI CWUIGDTQEJGP WPF HGJNGPF CWH FGO <[NKPFGT *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT   (KTOC<GJPKP$GTNKPQJPG$CPF$9--$1'- +8



&GP-ÌPKINKEJGP-TQPGP1TFGP-NCUUGJCV/CLQT9KNNKCO$CNEMCO,CPWCTXGTNKGJGPDGMQOOGP&KG \WIGJÌTKIG8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGKUVWPVGTFGTXQTJGTIGJGPFGP-CVCNQIPWOOGT\WHKPFGP

ex 50





51

'KUGTPGU-TGW\'KUGTPGU-TGW\++-NCUUG'KUGPMGTPIGUEJY·T\V5KNDGT\CTIG¤UGOKV$CPFTKPI CDIGDTQEJGPWPFHGJNGPFQJPG$CPF&C\WFGT8QTN·WHKIG#WUYGKUHÒTFGP)GPGTCNOCLQTWPF%JGHFGT (GNFVGNGITCRJKG $CNEM CWH FGP  0QXGODGT  FCVKGTV CO  /·T\  OKV &KGPUVUKGIGN WPF   1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHVFGU)GPGTCNSWCTVKGTOGKUVGTU(TGKJGTTXQP(TG[VCI.QTKPIJQXGPFQRRGNVIGHCNVGV  5VÒEM++



&KGPUVCWUCWU\GKEJPWPI HÒT 1HHK\KGTG $GINCWDKIWPIUUEJGKP FGT 8GTNGKJWPI HÒT FGP /CLQT $CNEM KO   ITQ­GP )GPGTCNUVCD FCVKGTV $GTNKP CO  ,WPK  OKV &KGPUVUKGIGN WPF 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV FGU   )GPGTCNU FGT -CXCNNGTKG WPF )GPGTCNUCFLWVCPVGP FGU -CKUGTU WPF -ÌPKIU )TCH 5EJNKGHHGP %JGH FGU   )GPGTCNUVCDGUFGT#TOGGGKPOCNIGHCNVGV ++



#NHTGF )TCH XQP 5EJNKGHHGP   YCT )GPGTCNHGNFOCTUEJCNN %JGH FGU ITQ­GP )GPGTCNUVCDGU WPF #WVQT FGU   UQIGP 5EJNKGHHGP2NCPGU FGT KO (CNNG GKPGU -TKGIGU XQP GKPGO UEJPGNNGP #PITKHH CWH (TCPMTGKEJ CWUIKPI FGT   ÒDGT FGP TGEJVGP (NÒIGN FWTEJ FCU PGWVTCNG $GNIKGP WPF .WZGODWTI IGHÒJTV YGTFGP UQNNVG WO FGO GTYCTVGVGP   #PITKHH FGT (TCP\QUGP KP 'NUC­.QVJTKPIGP KP FKG (NCPMG \W HCNNGP <KGN YCT GU (TCPMTGKEJU #TOGGP XQP 2CTKU   CD\WUEJPGKFGP WPF FKG HTCP\ÌUKUEJG *CWRVUVCFV DKPPGP UGEJU 9QEJGP PCEJ -TKGIUDGIKPP GKP\WPGJOGP YQOKV FGT   -TKGI IGIGP (TCPMTGKEJ DGGPFGV UGKP UQNNVG )NGKEJ\GKVKI UQNNVG PWT GKPG #TOGG 1UVRTGW­GP XGTVGKFKIGP WPF   JKPJCNVGPFGP 9KFGTUVCPF NGKUVGP DKU FKG KO 9GUVGP FWTEJ FGP 5KGI ÒDGT (TCPMTGKEJ HTGKIGYQTFGPGP 6TWRRGP \WT   8GTHÒIWPI UVGJGP &GT CPUEJNKG­GPFG#PITKHHCWH4W­NCPFHÒTFGPFWTEJ'KUGPDCJP6TCPURQTVCPFKG1UVHTQPVFKG IGUCOVG 6TWRRGPUV·TMG FGU FGWVUEJGP *GGTGU \WT 8GTHÒIWPI IGUVCPFGP J·VVG UQNNVG FGP \YGKVGP )GIPGT DGUKGIGP  

YKMKRGFKC 

37


NACHLASS WILLIAM BALCK

52 (1:1)

53

-¤0+)4'+%*$#;'40 

-ÌPKINKEJGT/KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVQTFGP-TGW\-NCUUGOKV5EJYGTVGTP)QNFGOCKNNKGTVIKPFGT 4ÒEMUGKVGFGUWPVGTGP-TGW\CTOUMCWOUKEJVDCTGT'OCKNNGURTWPIKO$CPFTKPIRWP\KGTV9%CO MWT\GPMQPHGMVKQPKGTVGP*CNUDCPFKOQTKIKPCNGPUKNDGTHCTDGPDGFTWEMVGPGVYCUDGTKGDGPGP8GTNGKJWPIU GVWKFGT(KTOC)GDTÒFGT*GOOGTNGKP/ÒPEJGP$9-)--$1'- ++



)GPGTCNOCLQT $CNEM %JGH FGT (GNFVGNGITCRJKGJCVFGP1TFGPCO&G\GODGTXGTNKGJGPDGMQOOGP+PFGT HQNIGPFGP-CVCNQIPWOOGTYKTFFKG\WIGJÌTKIG8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGCPIGDQVGP



-ÌPKINKEJGT /KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVQTFGP 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG \WT  -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP HÒT )GPGTCN   OCLQT $CNEM %JGH FGT (GNFVGNGITCRJKG &QRRGNDNCVV FCVKGTV /ÒPEJGP CO  &G\GODGT  OKV   IGFTWEMVGO5KGIGNWPF7PVGTUEJTKHVGKPOCNIGHCNVGV ++ &CU\WIGJÌTKIG1TFGPUMTGW\KUVWPVGTFGTXQTJGTIGJGPFGP-CVCNQIPWOOGT\WHKPFGP

38




NACHLASS WILLIAM BALCK

54

(4'+'70&*#05'56#&6*#/$74) 

*CPUGCVGPMTGW\8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGHÃ&#x2019;TFGP)GPGTCNOCLQTWPF-QOOCPFGWTFGT.CPFYGJT &KXKUKQP9KNNKCO$CNEMFCVKGTV*CODWTICO,WNKOGJTHCEJIGHCNVGV ++

(ª456'067/.+22' 



55

-TKGIUXGTFKGPUVMTGW\8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGHÃ&#x2019;TFGP)GPGTCNOCLQT9KNNKCO$CNEMDGKFGT.CPFYGJT &KXKUKQP FCVKGTV &GVOQNF CO  #RTKN  OKV 2T·IGUKGIGN WPF 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV FGU   5VCCVUOKPKUVGTU\CJNTGKEJG'KPTKUUGKO4CPF +++

 39


NACHLASS WILLIAM BALCK

56 (1:1)

-¤0+)4'+%*5#%*5'0 

-ÌPKINKEJ 5·EJUKUEJGT #NDTGEJVUQTFGP  /QFGNN OKV FGO 2QTVTCKV XQP *GT\QI #NDTGEJV +++ FGO   $GJGT\VGP     #WUHÒJTWPI #WUHÒJTWPI KP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV OKV GKPVGKNKIGP /GFCKNNQP  HGNFGTP    $TWUVUVGTP \WO -QOVWTMTGW\  -NCUUG 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV    I OKP 'OCKNNGCWUDTÒEJG KO /GFCKNNQPTKPI CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC   ) # 5EJCTHHGPDGTI KP &TGUFGP CP 0CFGN FKGUG RWP\KGTV 5 HÒT 5KNDGT KO QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP   DGFTWEMVGP GVYCU DGTKGDGPGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK OKV FGHGMVGO 8GTUEJNW­ $9-  )$  -$   1'- ++  &CU -QOVWTMTGW\  -NCUUG YWTFG )GPGTCNOCLQT $CNEM %JGH FGT (GNFVGNGITCRJKG CO  &G\GODGT XGTNKG JGP&CU\WIGJÌTKIG-QOVWTMTGW\KUVWPVGTFGTHQNIGPFGP-CVCNQIPWOOGT\WHKPFGPWPFFKG\WIGJÌTKIG8GTNGKJWPIU WTMWPFGWPVGTFGTFCTCWHHQNIGPFGP  

.CWV9GDGT#TPQNFWPF-GKN KP9$5 YWTFGPXQPDKUKPFGTWPF#WUHÒJTWPI\WUCOOGP   PWT-QOVWTMTGW\G-NCUUGOKV5EJYGTVGTPKP5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVXGTNKGJGP



-ÌPKINKEJ 5·EJUKUEJGT #NDTGEJVUQTFGP  /QFGNN OKV FGO 2QTVTCKV XQP *GT\QI #NDTGEJV +++ FGO   $GJGT\VGP     #WUHÒJTWPI #WUHÒJTWPI KP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV OKV GKPVGKNKIGP /GFCKNNQP   HGNFGTP    -QOVWTMTGW\ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV OKP 'OCKNNG   CWUDTWEJ KO XQTFGTUGKVKIGP /GFCKNNQPTKPI 9CRRGP WPF -TQPG FGU 4GXGTUOGFCKNNQPU GKPVGKNKI   KO4CPFFGUNKPMGP-TGW\CTOU*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI5%*#4(('0$'4)FGUTGEJVGP&4'5&'0 WPF FGU WPVGTGP 2WP\G 5 HÒT 5KNDGT\WUCOOGPOKVWPMQPHGMVKQPKGTVGOQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPFCDUEJPKVV KO QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP GVYCU DGUEJ·FKIVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK OKV FGHGMVGO 8GTUEJNW­   $9-)$-$1'- ++  &CU -QOVWTMTGW\  -NCUUG YWTFG )GPGTCNOCLQT $CNEM %JGH FGT (GNFVGNGITCRJKG CO  &G\GODGT    XGTNKGJGP &GT \WIGJÌTKIG $TWUVUVGTP KUV WPVGT FGT XQTJGTIGJGPFGP -CVCNQIPWOOGT \W HKPFGP WPF FKG \WIGJÌTKIG   8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGWPVGTFGTHQNIGPFGP

40


NACHLASS WILLIAM BALCK

57 (1:1)

ex 58



-ÌPKINKEJ 5·EJUKUEJGT #NDTGEJVUQTFGP 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG\WO-QOVWTMTGW\-NCUUGOKV5EJYGT VGTPHÒT)GPGTCNOCLQT$CNEM%JGHFGT(GNFVGNGITCRJKG&QRRGNDNCVVFCVKGTV&TGUFGPCO&G\GODGT OKVITQ­GO2T·IGUKGIGNWPF7PVGTUEJTKHVGPUVGORGN-ÌPKI(TKGFTKEJ#WIWUVU+++GKPOCNIGHCNVGV \WUCOOGP OKV FGO ªDGTUGPFWPIUUEJTGKDGP FCVKGTV CO  ,CPWCT  OKV 7PVGTUEJTKHV FQRRGNV   IGHCNVGV 5VÒEM++ &KGJKGT\WIGJÌTKIGP1TFGPUKPUKIPKGPYGTFGPWPVGTFGPDGKFGPXQTJGTIGJGPFGP-CVCNQIPWOOGTPCPIGDQVGP







.CWV9GDGT#TPQNFWPF-GKN KP9$5 YWTFGPXQPDKUKPFGTWPF#WUHÒJTWPI\WUCOOGP   PWT-QOVWTMTGW\G-NCUUGOKV5EJYGTVGTPKP5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVXGTNKGJGP

41


NACHLASS WILLIAM BALCK

59 (1:1)

60

(ª456'067/5%*9#4<$74)47&1.56#&6 

(ÒTUVGPVWO 5EJYCT\DWTI4WFQNUVCFV (ÒTUVNKEJ 5EJYCT\DWTIKUEJGU 'JTGPMTGW\ 'JTGPMTGW\ +   -NCUUGOKV5EJYGTVGTP)QNFGOCKNNKGTVI\WUCOOGPOKVWPMQPHGMVKQPKGTVGOQTKIKPCNGO*CNUDCPF- CDUEJPKVVKOYQJNPKEJV\WIGJÌTKIGPUEJYCT\GP'VWK 44++  &KG+PUKIPKGPFGTDGKFGPUEJYCT\DWTIKUEJGP(ÒTUVGPVÒOGTUKPFIGPGTGNNXQPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV8GTNKGJGPCO#W- IWUVCPFGP)GPGTCNOCLQTWPF-QOOCPFGWTFGT.CPFYGJT&KXKUKQP9KNNKCO$CNEM&KG\WIGJÌTKIG8GTNGK- JWPIUWTMWPFGYKTFWPVGTFGTHQNIGPFGP-CVCNQIPWOOGTCPIGDQVGP



(ÒTUVGPVWO 5EJYCT\DWTI4WFQNUVCFV HÒT 5EJYCT\DWTI5QPFGTUJCWUGP (ÒTUVNKEJ 5EJYCT\DWTIK-   UEJGU'JTGPMTGW\$GINCWDKIWPIUWTMWPFG\WT8GTNGKJWPIFGU'JTGPMTGW\GU+-NCUUGOKV5EJYGTVGTPCP FGP )GPGTCNOCLQT WPF -QOOCPFGWT FGT  .CPFYGJT&KXKUKQP 9KNNKCO $CNEM &QRRGNDNCVV FCVKGTV   5QPFGTUJCWUGP CO  #WIWUV  OKV 2CRKGTRT·IGUKGIGNWPF1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHVXQP(ÒTUV)ÒPVJGT XQP5EJYCT\DWTI4WFQNUVCFV CNU4GIGPVHÒT5EJYCT\DWTI5QPFGTUJCWUGPUGKV  44++ &CUJKGT\WIGJÌTKIG1TFGPUMTGW\YKTFWPVGTFGTXQTJGTIGJGPFGP-CVCNQIPWOOGTCPIGDQVGP

42




NACHLASS WILLIAM BALCK

61 (1:1)

(ª456'067/9#.&'%- 

(ÒTUVNKEJ9CNFGEM UEJGU8GTFKGPUVMTGW\8GTFKGPUVMTGW\+-NCUUGOKV -TQPGWPF 5EJYGTVGTP)QNF GOCKNNKGTVI\WUCOOGPOKVWPMQPHGMVKQPKGTVGOQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPFCDUEJPKVVKOQTKIKPCNGP8GTNGKJ WPIUGVWK1'- 44+++



#NU1TKIKPCNGZGORNCTXQPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV.CWV4QVJ-TCWUGWPF.WPFUVÌO KP5#5 JCV)GPGTCNNGWVPCPV 9KNNKCO $CNEM -QOOCPFGWT FGT  4GUGTXGFKXKUKQP FCU 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ CO  0QXGODGT  XGTNKGJGP   DGMQOOGP.CWVKJPGPYKGCWEJNCWV'HNGT KP'(95 KUVFKGUGU-TGW\PWTOCNXGTNKGJGPYQTFGPYQDGK FKGUG8GTNGKJWPIGPCNNG\YKUEJGPWPFGTHQNIVUKPF

43


NACHLASS WILLIAM BALCK

62 (1:1)



-¤0+)4'+%*9ª466'/$'4)

1TFGP FGT -ÌPKINKEJGP 9ÒTVVGODGTIKUEJGP -TQPG -QOVWTMTGW\ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP )QNF VNY HGKP   \KUGNKGTV WPF GOCKNNKGTV  I \WUCOOGP OKV WPMQPHGMVKQPKGTVGO QTKIKPCNG/ *CNUDCPFCDUEJPKVV KO   QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGO 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC 'FWCTF (QGJT KP 5VWVVICTV 1'-   4+++  9KNNKCO $CNEM +PURGMVGWT FGT (GNFVGNGITCRJKG JCF FCU -QOVWTMTGW\ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP FGU 1TFGPU FGT -ÌPKINKEJGP    9ÒTVVGODGTIKUEJGP-TQPGCO&G\GODGTXGTNKGJGPDGMQOOGP &CPKGN-TCWUG$GTNKPJGT\NKEJUVGP&CPM HÒTFKG'TOKVVNWPIFGU8GTNGKJWPIUFCVWOU  

.CWV -NGKP WPF 4CHH KP 5/- 5  JCV FCU -ÌPKINKEJG /ÒP\COV KP 5VWVVICTV \YKUEJGP  WPF    KPUIGUCOV  -QOVWTMTGW\G OKV 5EJYGTVGTP IGNKGHGTV WPF PCEJ FGP INGKEJGP #WVQTGP 5  UKPF Y·JTGPF FGU   'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIGU KPUIGUCOV             'ZGORNCTG\WT8GTNGKJWPI IGMQOOGP &C OCP LGFQEJ NGKFGT PKEJV YGK­ YKG XKGNG -QOVWTMTGW\G OKV 5EJYGTVGTP UKEJ DGK -TKGIUGPFG KO   0QXGODGTPQEJKO$GUVCPFFGT1TFGPUMCP\NGKDGHCPFGPLGFQEJFCXQPCWUIGICPIGPYGTFGPMCPPFC­GUYQJN PKEJVOGJTCNUDKUIGYGUGPUKPFMCPPOCPFCXQPCWUIGJGPFC­Y·JTGPFFGU'TUVGP9GNVMTKGIUPKEJVOGJT CNU XKGT\KI DKU HÒPH\KI 'ZGORNCTG KP FGT GEJV IQNFGPGP #WUHÒJTWPI XQP 'FWCTF (QGJT CPIGHGTVKIV DKU   WPF   XGTNKGJGPYQTFGPUKPF

63

&'765%*'54'+%* 

&GWVUEJGU4GKEJ#D\GKEJGPHÒT8GTYWPFGVG8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG\WO#D\GKEJGPKP5EJYCT\HÒTFGP )GPGTCNNGWVPCPV$CNEM)QWXGTPGWTFCVKGTVCO5GRVGODGTOKV&KGPUVUKGIGNWPF1TKIKPCNWPVGT- UEJTKHV)GPGTCNFGT+PHCPVGTKG\YGKOCNIGHCNVGV 4++ (ÒTGKPGP)GPGTCNNGWVPCPVUGNVGP\WHKPFGP

44




NACHLASS WILLIAM BALCK

65

ex 64

ex 66

-1081.76810(ª0(8'45%*+'&'0'0#75<'+%*070)'0 

  $C[GTP /KNKV·T&GPM\GKEJGP HÒT$TQP\GOKV4GUVNCEMKGTWPICOQTKIKPCNGPCNVGP 5GKFGPDCPF $C[GTP8GTFKGPUVMTGW\HÒTFKG,CJTG5KNDGT)QNFVNYGOCKNNKGTVDGUEJ·FKIV QJPG $CPF   2TGW­GP -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G  HÒT 0KEJVM·ORHGT 5VCJN QJPG $CPF   9ÒTVVGO   DGTI 1HHK\KGTU'JTGP\GKEJGP -TGW\  -NCUUG   $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV QJPG   $CPF   5GTDKGP 4QV-TGW\/GFCKNNG  DGUEJ·FKIV QJPG $CPF KP WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP 'TJCN   VWPIGP\WUCOOGPKP'VWK 5VÒEM++++++8



&KGUGHÒPH#WU\GKEJPWPIGPDGHCPFGPUKEJKP9KNNKCO$CNEMU0CEJNC­5KGMÌPPGPCNNGTFKPIUYGFGTCPKJPPQEJCP UGKPGP8CVGTXGTNKGJGPYQTFGPUGKP/ÌINKEJGTYGKUGUVCOOGPFKG5VÒEMGCWUFGO$GUKV\FGT(COKNKGPFGT'JGHTCWGP XQP)GQTIG9KNNKCOQFGT*GTOCPP$CNEM

-¤0+)4'+%*)4+'%*'0.#0& 

-ÌPKINKEJGT 'TNÌUGT1TFGP =Βασιλικον Ταγμα Αριστειας τον Σοτηρος? -QOOCPFGWTMTGW\   #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC ) 2QOQUKU KP #VJGP )QNF GOCKNNKGTV  I CO QTKIKPCNGP MQPHGMVKQPKGTVGP   *CNUDCPFKOQTKIKPCNGPIQNFHCTDGPDGFTWEMVGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWKFGT(KTOC2QOQUKU<- +++



&GP1TFGPJCV1DGTUVNGWVPCPV9KNNKCO$CNEMCO(GDTWCTXGTNKGJGPDGMQOOGP&KG\WIGJÌTKIG8GTNGKJWPIU WTMWPFGYKTFWPVGTFGTHQNIGPFGP-CVCNQIPWOOGTCPIGDQVGP



-ÌPKINKEJGT 'TNÌUGT1TFGP =Βασιλικον Ταγμα Αριστειας τον Σοτηρος? 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG \WO   -QOOCPFGWTMTGW\ HÒT $CNEM &QRRGNDNCVV FCVKGTV #VJGP CO !! (GDTWCT  OKV 2CRKGTRT·IGUKGIGN   WPF 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV -ÌPKI )GQTIU + XQP )TKGEJGPNCPF GVYCU XGTUEJOWV\V \WUCOOGP OKV    ªDGTUGPFWPIUUEJTGKDGPFGU/KPKUVGTKWOUHÒTFKGCWUY·TVKIGP#PIGNGIGPJGKVGPFCVKGTV(GDTWCT 5VÒEM++  &CU\WIGJÌTKIG1TFGPUMTGW\YKTFKPFGTXQTJGTIGJGPFGP-CVCNQIPWOOGTCPIGDQVGP

45


NACHLASS WILLIAM BALCK

67

-¤0+)4'+%*)4155$4+6#00+'0 

-ÌPKINKEJGT 8KMVQTKC1TFGP =4Q[CN 8KEVQTKCP 1TFGT? -QOOCPFGWTMTGW\ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF   GOCKNNKGTVCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVGPWOOGTKGTV%COMWT\GP'KPMPÌRHJCNUDCPF\WUCOOGPOKVNCPIGO WPMQPHGMVKQPKGTVGO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPFCDUEJPKVV KO GVYCU DGUEJ·FKIVGP QTKIKPCNGP DQTFGCWZTQVGP   8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK$9-/;<- ++



&GP1TFGPJCV/CLQT9KNNKCO$CNEMCO,WNKXGTNKGJGPDGMQOOGP&KG\WIGJÌTKIG8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGYKTF WPVGTFGTHQNIGPFGP-CVCNQIPWOOGTCPIGDQVGP

ex 68



-ÌPKINKEJGT 8KMVQTKC1TFGP =4Q[CN 8KEVQTKCP 1TFGT? 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG \WO 'JTGP-QOOCPFGWT   HÒT /CLQT 9KNNKCO $CNEM XQO  2QUGPUEJGP +PHCPVGTKG4GIKOGPV XQP %QWTDK½TG 0T  FCVKGTV   $WEMKPIJCO2CNCEGCO,WNKOKV2T·IGUKGIGNWPF1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHVGP-ÌPKI'FWCTFU8++WPF FGU 1TFGPUMCP\NGTU \WUCOOGP OKV ªDGTUGPFWPIUUEJTGKDGP FCVKGTV 1MVQDGT  OKV 1TKIKPCN   WPVGTUEJTKHV FGU 1TFGPUUGMTGV·TU )GPGTCN  WPF FGP 1TFGPUUVCVWVGP  5GKVGP IGJGHVGV WPF MCTVQPKGTV  5VÒEM++ &CU\WIGJÌTKIG1TFGPUMTGW\YKTFKPFGTXQTJGTIGJGPFGP-CVCNQIPWOOGTCPIGDQVGP

46




NACHLASS WILLIAM BALCK

ex 69



-ÌPKINKEJGT 8KMVQTKC1TFGP =4Q[CN 8KEVQTKCP 1TFGT? 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG \WO 'JTGPOKVINKGF   -NCUUGHÒT/CLQT9KNNKCO$CNEMXQO2TGW­KUEJGPITQ­GP)GPGTCNUVCDFCVKGTV$WEMKPIJCO2CNCEGCO ,WPKOKV2T·IGUKGIGNWPF1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHVGP-ÌPKI'FWCTFU8++WPFFGU1TFGPUMCP\NGTU \WUCOOGP OKV ªDGTUGPFWPIUUEJTGKDGP FCVKGTV  ,WNK  OKV 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV FGU 1TFGPU   UGMTGV·TU )GPGTCN DGKFGIGNQEJV 5VÒEM++



47


NACHLASS WILLIAM BALCK

ex 70

)4155*'4<1)67/.7:'/$74) 

/KNKV·T WPF %KXKN8GTFKGPUVQTFGP #FQNRJU XQP 0CUUCW 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG \WO 4KVVGTMTGW\ OKV   5EJYGTVGTP HÒT *CWRVOCPP ¯ NC UWKVG FGU +PHCPVGTKG4GIKOGPVU *GT\QI (TKGFTKEJ 9KNJGNO XQP   $TCWPUEJYGKI 0T  &QRRGNDNCVV FCVKGTV 5EJNQ­ 9CNHGTFKPIGP CO  ,WNK  OKV 2CRKGT   prägesiegel und Originalunterschrift Großherzog Adolphs, doppelt gefaltet, zusammen mit ÜberUGPFWPIUUEJTGKDGP FCVKGTV .WZGODWTI  ,WNK  OKV 7PVGTUEJTKHV FQRRGNV IGHCNVGV WPF 5VCVWVGP   DNCVVFQRRGNVIGHCNVGVOKV'KPTKUUGP 5VÒEM4++ &GT \WP·EJUV HÒPHUVWHKIG )TQ­MTGW\ -QOVWTG  WPF  -NCUUG 4KVVGT WPF +PJCDGT  CNNIGOGKPG 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP   YWTFG CO  /CK  XQP *GT\QI #FQNRJ XQP 0CUUCW   IGUVKHVGV WPF GTHWJT CO  0QXGODGT   'TYGKVGTWPIGP FWTEJ 5VKHVWPI GKPGU 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\GU WPF GKPGT \YGKUVWHKIGP )QNF WPF 5KNDGT  8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG   FKG LGYGKNU FGO 1TFGP CHHKNKKGTV YCTGP #P /KNKV·TRGTUQPGP YWTFGP FKG +PUKIPKGP OKV 5EJYGTVGTP XGTNKGJGP &C   *GT\QI #FQNRJ FGP 1TFGP CNU *CWUQTFGP HÒT KJP RGTUÌPNKEJ WPF FGT JGT\QINKEJGP (COKNKG IGNGKUVGVG &KGPUVG   DGVTCEJVGVGHWJTGTCWEJPCEJFGTXÌNMGTTGEJVUYKFTKIGP#PPGZKQPFGU*GT\QIVWOUFWTEJ2TGW­GPCO5GRVGODGT  HQTV FGP 1TFGP CWEJ KO 'ZKN KP UGNVGPGP (·NNGP \W XGTNGKJGP +PHQNIG FGT UCNKUEJGP 'TDHQNIG KP .WZGODWTI   YWTFG GT PCEJ FGO 6QF )TQ­JGT\QI 9KNJGNOU +++   -ÌPKI FGT 0KGFGTNCPFG CWU FGO *CWUG 0CUUCW   1TCPKGP CO0QXGODGTFGUUGP0CEJHQNIGTCNU)TQ­JGT\QI#WEJCNUUQNEJGTHWJTGTHQTVFGP1TFGPCNU *GT\QIXQP0CUUCWCNU*CWUQTFGPHÒTKJORGTUÌPNKEJWPFFGTJGT\QINKEJGP(COKNKGIGNGKUVGVGP&KGPUVGIGNGIGPVNKEJ \W XGTNGKJGP QJPG FC­ GT KP FCU NWZGODWTIKUEJG #WU\GKEJPWPIUU[UVGO KPMQTRQTKGTV YQTFGP YCT 0CEJ UGKPGO   6QFGCO0QXGODGTYWTFGFGT1TFGP\WP·EJUVPKEJVYGKVGTXGTNKGJGP5GKP5QJP9KNJGNO+8   YWTFG CWHITWPF UGKPGT UEJYGTGP -TCPMJGKVCDFGO0QXGODGTXQPUGKPGT)GOCJNKP)TQ­JGT\QIKP/CTKC #PPC   IGDQTGPG +PHCPVKP XQP 2QTVWICN CNU 4GIGPVKP XGTVTGVGP 5KG XGTCPNC­VG CO  ,WNK  FWTEJ   FGP 'TNC­ PGWGT 5VCVWVGP FKG 'KPINKGFGTWPI FGU 1TFGPU KP FCU NWZGODWTIKUEJG #WU\GKEJPWPIUU[UVGO 9GKVGTG   PFGTWPIGPWPF'TI·P\WPIGPGTHQNIVGPKPFGP,CJTGPWPF 8INFKGCWUHÒJTNKEJG&CTUVGNNWPIXQP ,GCP5EJQQUKP515HH 

48




NACHLASS WILLIAM BALCK

71

72

ex 73

-¤0+)4'+%*47/0+'0 

1TFGP-TQPG4WO·PKGPU=1TFKPWN%QTQCPC4QO³PKGK? CWEJ1TFGPFGT-TQPGXQP4WO·PKGP   /QFGNN    #WUICDG OKV -TQPG CWU 'KUGP KP FGP /GFCKNNQPU      -QOOCPFGWTMTGW\ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV -TQPG CWU 'KUGP KO TÒEMUGKVKIGP /GFCKNNQPHGNF   'OCKNNGCDURNKVVGTWPI KO $CPFTKPI \YGK #  2WP\GP QJPG *CNUDCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK   FGT (KTOC ,QUGH 4GUEJ (KK KP $WMCTGUV OKV IQNFHCTDGPGO /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI %CTQNU + TGIKGTVG XQP   DKU <- +++++++



/CLQT$CNEMXQORTGW­KUEJGP)TQ­GP)GPGTCNUVCDJCVFGP1TFGPCO5GRVGODGTXGTNKGJGPDGMQOOGP&KG \WIGJÌTKIG8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGYKTFWPVGTFGTHQNIGPFGP-CVCNQIPWOOGTCPIGDQVGP



1TFGP-TQPG4WO·PKGPU=1TFKPWN%QTQCPC4QO³PKGK? CWEJ1TFGPFGT-TQPGXQP4WO·PKGP  8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG \WO -QOOCPFGWTMTGW\ HÒT /CLQT $CNEM XQO RTGW­KUEJGP )TQ­GP )GPGTCNUVCD   &QRRGNDNCVV FCVKGTV $WMCTGUV  5GRVGODGT  OKV 2T·IGUKGIGN WPF 7PVGTUEJTKHVGP FQRRGNV   IGHCNVGV ++



&CU\WIGJÌTKIG1TFGPUMTGW\YKTFWPVGTFGTXQTJGTIGJGPFGP-CVCNQIPWOOGTCPIGDQVGP

7/(#0)4'+%*'5-1081.7681074-70&'070&&1-7/'06'0 

  #PUVGNNWPIUOKVVGKNWPI FGU %QOOCPFQU FGU %CFGVVGP%QRU FCVKGTV    2CVGPV CNU   2QTVGRGG(·JPTKEJ FCVKGTV  OKV 2T·IGUKGIGN   <GWIPKU FGT 4GKHG \WO 1HHK\KGT FCVKGTV      2CVGPV CNU 5GEQPF.KGWVGPCPV FCVKGTV  OKV 2T·IGUKGIGN &QRRGNDNCVV   CDIGVTGPPV <GWIPKUFGT-ÌPKINKEJGP/KNKV·T6WTP#PUVCNVFCVKGTV 2CVGPVCNU2TGOKGT .KGWVGPCPVFCVKGTVOKV2T·IGUKGIGN 2CVGPVCNU*CWRVOCPPWPF%QORCIPKG%JGHFCVKGTV 0GWGU 2CNCKU  OKV 2T·IGUKGIGN WPF 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV 9KNJGNOU ++   /KVVGKNWPI FGT   'TPGPPWPI\WO/KVINKGFFGT5VWFKGP-QOOKUUKQPHÒTFKG-TKGIUUEJWNGPFCVKGTV 2CVGPV CNU 1DGTUVNGWVPCPV FGT +PHCPVGTKG FCVKGTV $GTNKP  -CKUGTU )GDWTVUVCI  OKV 2T·IGUKGIGN WPF   1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV 9KNJGNOU ++     <YGK QUOCPKUEJG 7TMWPFGP PKEJV FGU 'KUGTPGP   *CNDOQPFGU    &CPMVGNGITCOO XQP -TQPRTKP\ 9KNJGNO \WO #WUUEJGKFGP $CNEMU CWU FGT *GGTGU   ITWRRGFCVKGTV 2JQVQOKVFGOCWHIGDCJTVGP5CTIFGUXGTUVQTDGPGP9KNNKCO$CNEMOKV FGO1TFGPUMKUUGPYQTCWHUGJTFGWVNKEJCNNGKJOXGTNKGJGPGP1TFGPWPF'JTGP\GKEJGP\WUGJGPUKPF  8KGTXGTUEJKGFGPGITQ­HQTOCVKIG2JQVQUFCXQP\YGKIGHCNVGVWPFOKVGTJGDNKEJGP'KPTKUUGP    <YGK OQFGTPG 4GRTQFWMVKQPGP GKPGU 2JQVQU FCU $CNEM KO 5EJOWEM UGKPGT 1TFGP PCEJ FGO    8GTNGKJWPI FGU UEJYCT\GP 8GTYWPFGVGP#D\GKEJGPU  \GKIV +P UGJT WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGO   <WUVCPFGKPKIGYGPKIGOKV'KPTKUUGP 5VÒEM+++++++++++8



'PFGFGU0CEJNCUUGU9KNNKCO$CNEM

49


PREUSSEN

74

74 76

75 (1:1)

-¤0+)4'+%*24'755'0 

*QJGT 1TFGP XQO 5EJYCT\GP #FNGT 0KEJV RTQDGO·­KIG #PHGTVKIWPI =HCMG? GKPGU -NGKPQFU   &WTEJOGUUGT  OO )QNF GOCKNNKGTV  I KO 4CPF FGU WPVGTGP -TGW\CTOU 4KV\OCTMG 9 QJPG   5EJWNVGTDCPF ++



'UJCPFGNVUKEJJKGTDGKWOGKPGKPFGPGT,CJTGPCWHFGP/CTMVIGDTCEJVG(·NUEJWPI\WO5EJCFGPFGT5COONGT



*QJGT1TFGPXQO5EJYCT\GP#FNGT0KEJVRTQDGO·­KIG,WYGNKGTU#PHGTVKIWPIGKPGU$TWUVUVGTPUXQP ,GCP (T¾F¾TKE )QFGV KP $GTNKP &WTEJOGUUGT  OO 5KNDGT VNY HGKPUV ITCXKGTV /GFCKNNQPCWHNCIGP   )QNFGOCKNNKGTVCP0CFGNFKGUGOKV*GTUVGNNGTRWP\G2)XQP,GCP(T¾F¾TKE)QFGV ++



$TWUVUVGTPKPGKPGT,WYGNKGTUCPHGTVKIWPIYQJNCWUFGOGTUVGP&TKVVGNFGU,CJTJWPFGTVU



4QVGT #FNGT1TFGP 0KEJV RTQDGO·­KIG #PHGTVKIWPI =HCMG? GKPGU )TQ­MTGW\GU 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF   GOCKNNKGTVCOPGWMQPHGMVKQPKGTVGP5EJWNVGTDCPF ++ 'UJCPFGNVUKEJJKGTDGKWOGKPGKPFGPGT,CJTGPCWHFGP/CTMVIGDTCEJVG(·NUEJWPI\WO5EJCFGPFGT5COONGT

50




PREUSSEN

77



4QVGT #FNGT1TFGP  /QFGNN OKV \KGIGNTQVGO #FNGT    -NGKPQF \WT  -NCUUG )QNF   GOCKNNKGTV  I HGKPUVG 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK QJPG *GTUVGNNGT-GPP\GKEJPWPI QJPG 5EJWNVGTDCPF $9-   -$1'- +++ 

78



4QVGT#FNGT1TFGP/QFGNN OKV\KGIGNTQVGO#FNGT $TWUVUVGTP\WT-NCUUG5KNDGT VNYGOCKNNKGTVIHGKPUVG'OCKNNGOCNGTGKQJPG*GTUVGNNGT-GPP\GKEJPWPI0CFGN5KNDGTXGTIQNFGV $9--$1'- ++  51


PREUSSEN

80

79

84 Rv. 83

82 (1:1)



4QVGT #FNGT1TFGP  /QFGNN OKV \KGIGNTQVGO #FNGT    CNVG PKEJV RTQDGO·­KIG <YGKV   CPHGTVKIWPI YQJNXQPXQT =VC[NQT UEQR[?FGU-TGW\GU-NCUUG$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTV 'OCKNNGOCNGTGKKO$CPFTKPI5VGTPEJGPRWP\GCOUEJOCNGPCNVGP$TWUVDCPF 4+++



+PFKGUGTJGTXQTTCIGPFGP3WCNKV·VPKEJVJ·WHKI\WHKPFGP



4QVG#FNGT/GFCKNNG/QFGNN OKV/QPQITCOO9CWHFGO4GXGTUIQNFHCTDGP #WUHÒJTWPIOKV UGRCTCV CPIGNÌVGVGT -TQPG -WRHGT XGTIQNFGV CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP $TWUVDCPF $9-  -$    1'- ++





-ÌPKINKEJGT-TQPGP1TFGPEONCPIGUWPMQPHGMVKQPKGTVGUQTKIKPCNGU5EJWNVGTDCPFUVÒEMVNYGVYCU XGTDNGKEJVOKV)GDTCWEJUURWTGP ++





-ÌPKINKEJGT -TQPGP1TFGP  /QFGNN OKV MNGKPGT JGTCNFKUEJGT -ÌPKIUMTQPG KO #XGTUOGFCKNNQP      $TWUVUVGTP \WT  -NCUUG 5KNDGTMQTRWU /GFCKNNQP )QNF VNY GOCKNNKGTV CP 5KNDGT   XGTIQNFGVGT0CFGN$9--$XCT1'- 44++ 



-ÌPKINKEJGT -TQPGP1TFGP  /QFGNN OKV ITQ­GT RTGW­KUEJGT -ÌPKIUMTQPG KO #XGTUOGFCKNNQP      PKEJV RTQDGO·­KIG #PHGTVKIWPI =HCMG? GKPGU -TGW\GU  -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CO 4KPI   5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVQJPG5EJWNVGTDCPF ++



'U JCPFGNV GU UKEJ JKGTDGK WO GKPG KP FGP GT ,CJTGP CWH FGP /CTMV IGDTCEJVG (·NUEJWPI \WO 5EJCFGP FGT   5COONGT



52

-ÌPKINKEJGT -TQPGP1TFGP  /QFGNN OKV ITQ­GT RTGW­KUEJGT -ÌPKIUMTQPG KO #XGTUOGFCKNNQP      -TGW\  -NCUUG )QNF GOCKNNKGTV FKG /GFCKNNQPHGNFGT OKV )QNF2CVKPC CO VNY   CWUIGDNGKEJVGPCNVGP*CNUDCPFUVÒEM$9--$1'- ++




PREUSSEN

87 86

85



88

89

ex 90

-ÌPKINKEJGT *CWUQTFGP XQP *QJGP\QNNGTP 0KEJV RTQDGO·­KIG 0CEJHGTVKIWPI YQJN \YKUEJGP    WPF   =VC[NQT U EQR[?FGU4KVVGTMTGW\GUOKV5EJYGTVGTP$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTV'OCKNNG OCNGTGKCO$TWUVDCPF 4+++



+PFKGUGTJGTXQTTCIGPFGP3WCNKV·VPKEJVJ·WHKI\WHKPFGP





-ÌPKINKEJGT*CWUQTFGPXQP*QJGP\QNNGTP#FNGTFGT+PJCDGTRTQDGO·­KIG#PHGTVKIWPI#WUHÒJTWPI OKVDTGKVGTMWIGNCTVKIGT¤UG  5KNDGTVNYGOCKNNKGTVCOCNVGPQTKIKPCNGP$CPF$9-1'-  ++



8GTFKGPUVMTGW\/KPKCVWTFGU8GTFKGPUVMTGW\GUKP)QNFOKV-TQPGXGTIQNFGV/GFCKNNQPUUGRCTCVIGHGT- VKIVCOPKEJVMQTTGMVGP$·PFEJGP 4++



#WEJCNU/KPKCVWTXQPITÌ­VGT5GNVGPJGKV



8GTFKGPUVMTGW\8GTFKGPUVMTGW\KP)QNF#WUHÒJTWPIOKVGEJVIQNFGPGP/GFCKNNQPU$TQP\GXGTIQN FGV/GFCKNNQPU)QNFCO$CPF$9-1'- ++





¤NDGTIMTGW\ 0KEJV RTQDGO·­KIG #PHGTVKIWPI XQP PCEJ  D\Y  =HCMG? 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF   GOCKNNKGTVCOPGWGP$CPF ++



'UJCPFGNVUKEJJKGTDGKWOGKPGKPFGPGT,CJTGPCWHFGP/CTMVIGDTCEJVG(·NUEJWPI\WO5EJCFGPFGT5COONGT



-QPXQNWVXQPPGWPXQTYKGIGPF\KXKNGP#WU\GKEJPWPIGP+PXGTUEJKGFGPGP/GVCNNGPCWEJ5KNDGTVGKNU XGTIQNFGVVGKNUXGTUKNDGTVGKPGVNYGOCKNNKGTVCPMQTTGMVGP$TWUVD·PFGTPKPIWVGP'TJCNVWPIGP&C\W \YGK/KPKCVWTGPCP5EJNGKHEJGPWPF)CTFGUVGTPCP0CFGN 5VÒEM++++++++++



91



'KUGTPGU -TGW\ #WUICDG  'KUGTPGU -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG  Z  OO IGUVWHVGT 'KUGPMGTP IG-   UEJY·T\V5KNDGT\CTIGCPCNVGTLGFQEJPKEJVQTKIKPCNGT$CPFOQPVWT$9-1'- +++++  )GO·­FGTXQP(TKGFJGNO*G[FG KP*(# XQTIGPQOOGPGP6[RKUKGTWPIJCPFGNVGUUKEJJKGTDGKWO6[R% 

&CU 'KUGTPG -TGW\ YWTFG CWH RGTUÌPNKEJG +PKVKCVKXG CO  /·T\  XQP -ÌPKI (TKGFTKEJ 9KNJGNO +++ KP FTGK   -NCUUGP 'KUGTPGU -TGW\  -NCUUG 'KUGTPGU -TGW\  -NCUUG )TQ­MTGW\ FGU 'KUGTPGP -TGW\GU  CNU -TKGIU   'JTGP\GKEJGP KODGUVGJGPFGP8GTVGKFKIWPIUHCNN HÒT8GTFKGPUVYGNEJGUKPFGOLGV\VCWUDTGEJGPFGP-TKGIG GPVYGFGT KO YKTMNKEJGP -CORH OKV FGO (GKPFG QFGT CW­GTFGO KO (GNFG QFGT FCJGKO LGFQEJ KP $G\KGJWPI CWH   FKGUGPITQ­GP-CORHWO(TGKJGKVWPF5GNDUV·PFKIMGKVGTYQTDGPYKTF 5VKHVWPIUWTMWPFG 'UUQNNVGPCEJFGO CWUFTÒEMNKEJGP9KNNGPFGU-ÌPKIUKPFGTWPF-NCUUGQJPG#PUGJGPXQP2GTUQPWPF*GTMWPHVCPLGFGP/CPP XGTNKGJGP YGTFGP FGT UKEJ FGUUGP CNU YÒTFKI GTYKGU +P FGT (QNIG\GKV YWTFG FCU 'KUGTPG -TGW\ \WO 5[ODQN FGT   $GHTGKWPIUMTKGIGWPFGTTGKEJVGGKPJQJGU#PUGJGP

53


PREUSSEN

92



94

93

'KUGTPGU -TGW\ #WUICDG  'KUGTPGU -TGW\  -NCUUG HNCEJG #WUHÒJTWPI 'KUGP IGUEJY·T\V   5KNDGT\CTIG CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG WPVGTJCND FGU 0CFGNJCMGPU  *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G (4 FGT (KTOC   (TKGFN·PFGTCP0CFGN$9-1'- +++ 'ZGORNCTKPJGTXQTTCIGPFGT'TJCNVWPI







#O#WIWUVGTMN·TVGFCU&GWVUEJG4GKEJ4W­NCPFFGP-TKGIWPFCOFGU/QPCVU(TCPMTGKEJ&CTCWHJKP GTPGWGTVG-CKUGT9KNJGNO++CNU-ÌPKIXQP2TGW­GPCO#WIWUVFCU'KUGTPG-TGW\+PFGPHQNIGPFGP,CJTGP GPVYKEMGNVGUKEJFCU'KUGTPG-TGW\FGHCEVQ CWUFTÒEMNKEJPKEJVFGLWTG \WGKPGTIGOGKPUCOGP-TKGIUCWU\GKEJPWPI FGT5VCCVGPFGU&GWVUEJGP4GKEJGUYKGYQJNFKG8GTNGKJWPIUKPKVKCVKXGIGPGTGNNDGK2TGW­GPXGTDNKGD



'KUGTPGU -TGW\ #WUICDG  'KUGTPGU -TGW\  -NCUUG HNCEJG #WUHÒJTWPI 'KUGP IGUEJY·T\V   5KNDGT\CTIG CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G %& FGT (KTOC %CTN &KNNGPKWU KP 2HQT\JGKO WPF   5KNDGTRWP\GCP0CFGN$9-1'- 4++



5GNVGP\WHKPFGPFGT*GTUVGNNGT



'KUGTPGU-TGW\#WUICDG-QPXQNWVXQPUGEJU'ZGORNCTGPFCTWPVGTLGYGKNUGKPG5COONGTCPHGTVK- IWPI FGU *KPFGPDWTIUVGTPU WPF FGT + -NCUUG XKGT -TGW\G ++ -NCUUG KP XGTUEJKGFGPGP #WUHÒJTWPIGP   FCTWPVGTGKPGUOKVDTGKVGO4CPFFKGUGCP$·PFGTP&C\WGKPG5KNDGTGOCKNNKGTVG/KPKCVWTCP5EJNGKHG+P IWVGPWPFUGJTIWVGP'TJCNVWPIGP ++

95



96 ex 97

ex 98



'KUGTPGU-TGW\#WUICDG0KEJVKFGPVKHK\KGTVGU#D\GKEJGPOKV'-KO'KEJGPMTCP\&WTEJ- OGUUGTOO$TQP\GXGTUKNDGTVCP0CFGN ++





-TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G  )TQ­G INCVVG 'KPGT1TFGPUUEJPCNNG QJPG FKG /GFCKNNG  OKV XKGT )GHGEJVU-   URCPIGP9'+55'0$74)9¤46*5'&#0WPF2#4+5LGYGKNUINGKEJG/CEJCTVFKGDGKFGP GTUVGP OKV&TCJVURNKPVGPDGHGUVKIVFKGDGKFGPNGV\VGPOKV(CFGPCPIGP·JV&C\WGKP'-++'KUGP IGUEJY·T\V OKV 5KNDGT\CTIG QJPG $CPF $9-  CC CD W U  1'-        5VÒEM++



-QPXQNWVXQP-TKGIUFGPMOÒP\GPWPF-TKGIUGTKPPGTWPIUMTGW\GPXQPDKU  WPF  2TQDGPO·­KIG 1TKIKPCNG WPF PKEJV RTQDGO·­KIG <YGKVCPHGTVKIWPIGP KP   XGTUEJKGFGPGP/GVCNNGP $TQP\GWPF'KUGP5VCJN CPMQTTGMVGPCNVGPQFGTPGWGP$TWUVD·PFGTPOKVXKGT )GHGEJVUURCPIGPKPWPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP'TJCNVWPIGP&C\WFTGK/KPKCVWTGPFGT-&/  5VÒEM++++++++++++++8



-QPXQNWV XQP  &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPIGP HÒT 1HHK\KGTG WPF /CPPUEJCHVGP 8GTUEJKGFGPG /QFGNNG   RTQDGO·­KIG QHHK\KGNNG WPF PKEJV RTQDGO·­KIG KPQHHK\KGNNG #WUICDGP KP XGTUEJKGFGPGP #WUHÒJTWPIGP   KPXGTUEJKGFGPGP/GVCNNGPVGKNUXGTIQNFGVVGKNUXGTUKNDGTVCPMQTTGMVGP$TWUVD·PFGTPQFGTCP5RCPIGP OKV0CFGNPKPIWVGP'TJCNVWPIGP&C\WGKPG/KPKCVWTFGT.CPFYGJT&KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPIU/GFCKNNGCO $·PFEJGP 5VÒEM++







54


SACHSEN

99

100 Rv.

102

101



'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG \WT 'KPJWPFGTV,CJTHGKGT 4JGKPKUEJGP+PHCPVGTKG4GIKOGPVUXQP.ÒV\QY 0TKO,CJTG$TQP\GXGTUKNDGTVCPCNVGT$CPFURCPIG75 ++





'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG\WT'KPJWPFGTV,CJTHGKGTFGU.QVJTKPIKUEJGP+PHCPVGTKG4GIKOGPVU0T KO,CJTG$TQP\GXGTUKNDGTVCOPGWGP$CPF75 4++





'TKPPGTWPIUMTGW\ \WT ,CJTJWPFGTVHGKGT FGU  *CPPQXGTUEJGP +PHCPVGTKG4GIKOGPVU 0T  KP   *COGNP KO ,CJTG  8GTUKNDGTV CWHIGNGIV CWH $CPFURCPIG CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTGVKMGVV FGT   (KTOC&GUEJNGT5QJPKP/ÒPEJGPCP0CFGN75 4++





'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG \WT 'KPJWPFGTV,CJTHGKGT FGU 1UVRTGW­KUEJGP 7NCPGP4GIKOGPVU )TCH \W   &QJPC0TKO,CJTG$TQP\GXGTUKNDGTVCP6TCIGUEJNGKHG 4++





2CTCFG1HHK\KGTUHGNFDKPFG<WO$KPFGPQJPG(GNFDKPFGPUEJNQ­KPIWVGO<WUVCPF



++

105

104

104

4'755(ª456'06ª/'4)'/'+05#/ 

(ÒTUVNKEJ 4GW­KUEJGU 'JTGPMTGW\ -TGW\  -NCUUG 5KNDGT JQJN IGHGTVKIV  XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV   QDGTHN·EJNKEJG 'OCKNNGEJKRU KO #XGTUOGFCKNNQP CO QTKIKPCNGP WPF IGVTCIGPGP *CNUDCPF $9-    -$XCT1'- ++



(ÒTUV*GKPTKEJ:+84GW­LÒPIGTG.KPKGUVKHVGVGFGP\WP·EJUVFTGKMNCUUKIGP1TFGPCO/CKWPFGTYGKVGTVG KJPWCWOGKPGYGKVGTG-NCUUGWPFGKPGCHHKNKKGTVGUKNDGTPG8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG FKGIQNFGPG8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG YWTFG  GKPIGHÒJTV   ÒDGTPCJO GT CNU 4GIKGTWPIUXGTYGUGT FGU (ÒTUVGPVWOU 4GW­ ·NVGTG .KPKG FGP 1TFGP   CWEJHÒTFKGUGU(ÒTUVGPVWOYWTFGFGT1TFGPHÒT4GW­LÒPIGTG.KPKGUGEJUMNCUUKIWPFHÒT4GW­·NVGTG .KPKG LGYGKNU OKV OGJTGTGP 'TYGKVGTWPIGP  YWTFG FCU -TKGIUDCPF GKPIGHÒJTV &GT 1TFGP ÒDGTNGDVG FGP   7PVGTICPIFGT/QPCTEJKGCNU*CWUQTFGPFGTHÒTUVNKEJGP(COKNKG

5#%*5'0-74(ª456'067/ $+5 70&-¤0+)4'+%*   

-ÌPKINKEJ5·EJUKUEJGT/KNKV·T5V*GKPTKEJU1TFGP/QFGNN UGKV 4KVVGTMTGW\#WUHÒJTWPI

 YQJN#PHGTVKIWPIXQP)#5EJCTHGPDGTIKP&TGUFGP5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVGOCKNNKGTVHGKPG 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK CO PGWGP $TWUVDCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP JGNNTQVGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK   FKGUGUOKV*GTUVGNNGTGVKMGVVFGT(KTOC%'-WPCVJCWHFGO$QFGP$9-)$-$ 1'- ++

 55


SACHSEN

106 (1:1)



-ÌPKINKEJ 5·EJUKUEJGT 8GTFKGPUV1TFGP  /QFGNN OKV IGOCNVGP /GFCKNNQPU   #WUICDG HÒT +PN·PFGT /KPKCVWT FGU 4KVVGTMTGW\GU  -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CD   5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV   GOCKNNKGTVHGKPUVG'OCKNNGOCNGTGKQJPG$·PFEJGP 4++

107 (1:1)



107 (1:1)

1,5:1



-ÌPKINKEJ 5·EJUKUEJGT 8GTFKGPUV1TFGP  /QFGNN #WUICDG HÒT #WUN·PFGT OKV +PUEJTKHV &'/   8'4&+'056'    -NGKPQF \WO )TQ­MTGW\ D\Y -QOVWTMTGW\  Z  OO QJPG ¤UG   )QNF GOCKNNKGTV  I HGKPUVG 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK QJPG $CPF $9-  QFGT  -$  XCT   1'-QFGT 444++  'Z5COONWPI&KGVGT9GDGT&TGUFGP'ZGORNCTXQPGZ\GNNGPVGT#PHGTVKIWPIUSWCNKV·VWPFKPJGTXQTTCIGPFGT'TJCNVWPI  

&KGUGU1TFGPUMTGW\KUVXQPCNNGTITÌ­VGT5GNVGPJGKVFCIGO·­FGTKO*CWRVUVCCVUCTEJKX&TGUFGPDGHKPFNKEJGP8GTNGK- JWPIUCMVGP FGT MÌPKINKEJ U·EJUKUEJGP 1TFGPUMCP\NGK XQP FGP KPUIGUCOV CP #WUN·PFGT OKV FGT +PUEJTKHV &'/   8'4&+'056'  XGTNKGJGPGP  )TQ­MTGW\GP UQYKG ITÌ­GPINGKEJGP  -QOVWTMTGW\GP  WPF  -NCUUGNGFKINKEJ  'ZGORNCTG PKEJV CP FKG 1TFGPUMCP\NGK \WTÒEMIGIGDGP YQTFGP UKPF &C PCEJ FGO KO ,CJTG  GTHQNIVGP   /QFGNNYGEJUGNU·OVNKEJG+PUKIPKGPFGU/QFGNNUPCEJYGKUNKEJFGT)QNFXGTYGTVWPI\WIGHÒJTVYQTFGPUKPFJCPFGNV GU UKEJ DGK FGO JKGT CPIGDQVGPGP -TGW\ WO GKPG JGTCWUTCIGPFG 5GNVGPJGKV FGT U·EJUKUEJGP 1TFGP )GPCW FKGUGU   'ZGORNCTKUVDGK9GDGT#TPQNFWPF-GKN KP9$50T CDIGDKNFGVWPFYCTCWEJKPFGT#WUUVGNNWPI &KG1TFGPWPF8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNGPFGTU·EJUKUEJGP5VCCVGPFGU/ÒP\MCDKPGVVU&TGUFGPKO#NDGTVKPWOKP&TGUFGP XQO1MVQDGTDKU\WO,WPK\WUGJGP &KGVGT9GDGT&TGUFGP  

&GT1TFGPYWTFGCO,WPKXQP-ÌPKI(TKGFTKEJ#WIWUV+CNUFTGKMNCUUKIGT1TFGPOKVCHHKNKKGTVGT/GFCKNNG IGUVKHVGV  YWTFG HÒT #WUN·PFGT GKPG #WUHÒJTWPI OKV CPFGTGT +PUEJTKHV GKPIGHÒJTV 'KP WPVGTJCND FGU   4KVVGTMTGW\GU CPIGUKGFGNVGU UQIGPCPPVGU -NGKPMTGW\ YWTFG  IGUVKHVGV FCU  KP 'JTGPMTGW\ WODGPCPPV   YWTFGYWTFGFGT1TFGPKP8GTFKGPUVQTFGPWODGPCPPVWPFGUGTHQNIVGFKG#WHVGKNWPIFGT-QOVWTGKPWPF -NCUUG#WU#PNC­FGU-TKGIGUXQPYWTFGPHÒTCNNG-NCUUGPFGU#WUHÒJTWPIHÒT+PN·PFGTFKG5EJYGTVGTHÒT 8GTFKGPUVKO-TKGIWPFFKG5EJYGTVGTCO4KPIGKPIGHÒJTVMCOFKGDGUQPFGTG#WUHÒJTWPIHÒT#WUN·PFGT KP (QTVHCNN  GTHQNIVGPYGKVGTG8GT·PFGTWPIGP&KG4KVVGTMNCUUGYKTFKP4KVVGTWPF-NCUUGCWHIGVGKNVFCU 'JTGPMTGW\WPFFKG)QNFGPGWPF5KNDGTPG8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNGYGTFGPCWHIGJQDGPWPFUVCVVFGUUGPFCU8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ IGUVKHVGV  GTHQNIVG FGT UQIGPCPPVG /QFGNNYGEJUGN FKG DKUJGT IGOCNVGP 9CRRGP YGTFGP KP CWU /GVCNN   IGRT·IVGWPFCWHFCU/GFCKNNQPCWHIGUGV\VGXGT·PFGTVYQDGKLGFQEJXQPGKP\GNPGP*GTUVGNNGTP4KVVGTMTGW\-NCUUG OKV IGOCNVGO /GFCKNNQPU DKU  JGTIGUVGNNV YGTFGP &GU 9GKVGTGP GTJKGNVGP FKG )TQ­ WPF -QOVWTMTGW\G GKPG   -TQPG CNU ªDGTJÌJWPI WPF FGT DKUJGTKIG $TWUVUVGTP GTJKGNV UVCVV DKUJGT UGEJU PWPOGJT CEJV 5VTCJNGP  /QFGNN   #WUHÒJTWPIOKVUGRCTCVIGRT·IVGO/GFCKNNQPTKPIWPFIGRT·IVGP9CRRGP #DGTHQNIVGFKG(GTVKIWPIFGT +PUKIPKGP KP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV  YWTFG FKG #WUHÒJTWPI FGT +PUKIPKGP XGTGKPHCEJV KPFGO DGK CNNGP +PUKIPKGP   /GFCKNNQPTKPI WPF HGNF CWU GKPGO 5VÒEM CPIGHGTVKIV YWTFGP  /QFGNN  #WUHÒJTWPI  /KV FGO 6JTQPXGT\KEJV   -ÌPKI(TKGFTKEJ#WIWUVU+++  CO0QXGODGTGTNQUEJCWEJFGT1TFGP

56


SACHSEN

108



-ÌPKINKEJ 5·EJUKUEJGT 8GTFKGPUV1TFGP  WPF  /QFGNN   8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ CD    #WUHÒJTWPI OKVUGRCTCVIGRT·IVGP/GFCKNNQPU 5KNDGTCOPGWGP$TWUVDCPF$9- )$-$1'- ++



109



-ÌPKINKEJ5·EJUKUEJGT#NDTGEJVUQTFGP/QFGNN OKVFGO2QTVTCKV*GT\QI,QJCPPUFGU$GUV·PFKIGP OKVFGTUQIGP$·EMGTOÒV\G $TWUVUVGTP\WO)TQ­MTGW\ZOO5KNDGTDTKNNCPVKGTV WPFTGRGTEKGTV#WHNCIGP)QNFVNYDTKNNCPVKGTVVNYITCXKGTVCP0CFGNFKGUGOKV*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI %(416*'WPF9+'0KOQTKIKPCNGP.GFGTGVWKFGT(KTOC4QVJGCWHFGO$QFGPCNVGU'VKMGVVOKV FGO0COGP2QORGQ2TQXGP\CNK#PIGDQVGP\WUCOOGPOKVFGTFKG8GTNGKJWPIDGVTGHHGPFG2JQVQMQRKG CWUFGO8GT\GKEJPKUFGT+PJCDGTFGU1TFGPU2JQVQMQRKGFGUWPVGPGTY·JPVGP#TVKMGNUXQP2CWN#TPQNF WPF &KGVGT 9GDGT WPF 2JQVQMQRKG GKPKIGT 5GKVGP FGU 9GTMGU )NK WNVKOK )TCPFWEJK FK 6QUECPC XQP   )KQTIKQ %WEGPVTGPVQNK OKV +PHQTOCVKQPGP ÒDGT 2TQXGP\CNK $9-  )$  -$  IGPCW   FKGUGU'ZGORNCT 1'- 44+  'Z5COONWPI&KGVGT9GDGT&TGUFGP'ZGORNCTXQPÒDGTTCIGPFGT#PHGTVKIWPIUSWCNKV·VWPFKPCDUQNWVGT$GUVGTJCNVWPI 

&KGUGT $TWUVUVGTP UVCOOV CWU FGO $GUKV\ FGU /CTEJGUG 2QORGQ 2TQXGP\CNK )TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 6QUMCPKUEJGT DGXQNN-   O·EJVKIVGT /KPKUVGT CO -CKUGTNKEJGP *QH KP 9KGP WPF CO -ÌPKINKEJ 5·EJUKUEJGP *QH KP &TGUFGP .CWV FGT KO   *CWRVUVCCVUCTEJKX &TGUFGP DGHKPFNKEJGP 8GTNGKJWPIUCMVGP FGT MÌPKINKEJ U·EJUKUEJGP 1TFGPUMCP\NGK YWTFG KJO FCU   )TQ­MTGW\ CO  0QXGODGT  XGTNKGJGP )GPCW FKGUGU 'ZGORNCT KUV DGK 9GDGT #TPQNF WPF -GKN KP 9$   50T CDIGDKNFGVUQYKGKO#TVKMGN&KG2T·IGUVGORGNHÒTU·EJUKUEJG1TFGPFGT(KTOC4QVJGWPF0GHHGKP 9KGP XQP 2CWN #TPQNF WPF &KGVGT 9GDGT +P 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP  ,CJTICPI   *GHV  5 HH   

&KGVGT9GDGT&TGUFGP  

/CTEJGUG2QORGQ2TQXGP\CNK  YWTFGKP.WEECIGDQTGPWPFVTCVPCEJ#DUEJNW­UGKPGU5VWFKWOUKPFCU 5GMTGVCTKCVFGU*GT\QIUXQP.WEECGKPYQGTGKPGFKRNQOCVKUEJG-CTTKGTGGKPUEJNWI0CEJFGOFCU*GT\QIVWO XQO)TQ­JGT\QIVWO6QUMCPCCPPGMVKGTVYQTFGPYCTYWTFGGTKPFGUUGPFKRNQOCVKUEJGP&KGPUVÒDGTPQOOGP8QP  DKU  YCT 2TQXGP\CNK VQUMCPKUEJGT )GUEJ·HVUVT·IGT CO *QH KP 6WTKP KO -ÌPKITGKEJ 2KGOQPV5CTFKPKGP   &CPCEJYWTFGGTPCEJ9KGPWPF&TGUFGPGPVUCPFVYQGTCDDKUCNURGTUÌPNKEJGT4GRT·UGPVCPVFGUKO 'ZKNDGHKPFNKEJGPVQUMCPKUEJGP)TQ­JGT\QIU.GQRQNF++  YKTMVG  

)GUVKHVGVCO&G\GODGTXQP-ÌPKI(TKGFTKEJ#WIWUV++CNU\WP·EJUVHÒPHMNCUUKIGT )TQ­MTGW\-QOVWT WPF-NCUUG4KVVGTWPF-NGKPMTGW\ CNNIGOGKPGT8GTFKGPUVQTFGP /QFGNN #NUDGUQPFGTGT)PCFGPGTYGKUMQPPVG FCU)TQ­MTGW\OKV$TKNNCPVGPXGTNKGJGPYGTFGP#DYWTFGFCU-NGKPMTGW\CNU'JTGPMTGW\DG\GKEJPGV YWTFG GKPG CHHKNKKGTVG \YGKUVWHKIG )QNF WPF 5KNDGT  /GFCKNNG IGUVKHVGV WPF  YWTFGP HÒT CNNG HÒPH -NCUUGP FKG   5EJYGTVGTIGUVKHVGV8QPCP DKU YCTFKG8GTNGKJWPICNNGT-NCUUGPCWEJOKV5EJYGTVGTPCO4KPI FKTGMV ÒDGTFGO-TGW\CPIGDTCEJV OÌINKEJ

57


SACHSEN

110 (1:1)

110 (1:1)

1,5:1



-ÌPKINKEJ5·EJUKUEJGT#NDTGEJVUQTFGP/QFGNN OKVFGO2QTVTCKVXQP*GT\QI#NDTGEJV+++FGO$G- JGT\VGP     #WUHÒJTWPI #WUHÒJTWPI KP )QNF    4KVVGTMTGW\  -NCUUG OKV   5EJYGTVGTP )QNF GOCKNNKGTV  I 'ZGORNCT OKV GEMKIGP -TGW\CTOT·PFGTP OKP 'OCKNNG%JKRU    -TCV\GT 8GTUEJOWV\WPIGP .ÌVNÌEJNGKP KO 4CPF WPF &GNNEJGP 9CRRGP WPF -TQPG FGU   4GXGTUOGFCKNNQPU GKPVGKNKI FKG 5EJYGTVGT CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG ITCXKGTV   CO QTKIKPCNGP &TGKGEMUDCPF   $9-)$-$1'- 444+++++  'Z 5COONWPI &KGVGT 9GDGT &TGUFGP 8QP CNNGTITÌ­VGT 5GNVGPJGKV WPF VTQV\ FGT XQTJCPFGPGP IWV TGUVCWTKGTDCTGP   'TJCNVWPIU'KPUEJT·PMWPIGP GKPG YKEJVKIG 'TI·P\WPI HÒT LGFG DGFGWVGPFG 5CEJUGP -QNQPKCN QFGT   &GWVUEJNCPFUCOONWPI  

&CU4KVVGTMTGW\-NCUUGOKV5EJYGTVGTPKP)QNFYWTFGNCWVFGTKO*CWRVUVCCVUCTEJKX&TGUFGPDGHKPFNKEJGP8GTNGK- JWPIUCMVGP FGT MÌPKINKEJ U·EJUKUEJGP 1TFGPUMCP\NGK KPUIGUCOV PWT  OCN XGTNKGJGP WPF \YCT PWT KP FGP ,CJTGP   DKU  'TPUV$GPFNGT-CRKV·PNGWVPCPVFGT-CKUGTNKEJGP/CTKPG  #NDGTV*QHHOCPP.COOCVUEJ'FNGTXQP9CHHGPUVGKP1DGTNGWVPCPVFGT-CKUGTNKEJGP/CTKPG  9KNJGNO.CPIJGNF*CWRVOCPP  'TKEJ&KGVGN*CWRVOCPP$CVVGTKGEJGHKO(GNFCTVKNNGTKG4GIKOGPV0T  'TKEJXQP(CNMGPJC[P/CLQTKO)GPGTCNUVCDFGT1UVCUKCVKUEJGP$GUCV\WPIUDTKICFG  *CPQ)NGKPKPI*CWRVOCPP  ,QJCPP/GKUVGT*CWRVOCPPKO-ÌPKINKEJ5·EJUKUEJGP.GKD)TGPCFKGT4GIKOGPV0T   ,QJCPPGU 4KEJVGT *CWRVOCPP WPF -QORCPKGEJGH KO  +PHCPVGTKG4GIKOGPV FGT 1UVCUKCVKUEJGP $GUCV-   \WPIUDTKICFG  -WTVXQP5EJÌPDGTI*CWRVOCPP  (TGKJGTT6TGWUEJXQP$WVVNCT$TCPFGPHGNUMÌPKINKEJRTGW­KUEJGT/CLQT  

8QP FKGUGP \GJP 4KVVGTMTGW\GP  -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP YWTFGP FKG CP 'TKEJ &KGVGN *CPQ )NGKPKPI ,QJCPPGU   4KEJVGT WPF -WTV XQP 5EJÌPDGTI XGTNKGJGPGP 'ZGORNCTG CP FKG 1TFGPUMCP\NGK \WTÒEMIGIGDGPGP WPF XQP FQTV FGT   )QNFXGTYGTVWPI \WIGHÒJTV 5QOKV UKPF NGFKINKEJ UGEJU FKGUGT -TGW\G PKEJV \WTÒEMIGIGDGP YQTFGP YQOKV UKG CNU   1TKIKPCNGWPFPKEJVOCPKRWNKGTVG'ZGORNCTG \WFGPITQ­GP5GNVGPJGKVGPFGTHÒTOKNKV·TKUEJG8GTFKGPUVGXGTNKGJGPGP U·EJUKUEJGP1TFGP\·JNGP &KGVGT9GDGT&TGUFGP  

YWTFGOKVFGO'TNC­PGWGT1TFGPUUVCVWVGPFCUDKUJGTKIG2QTVTCKV-WTHÒTUV,QJCPPFGU$GUV·PFKIGPFWTEJFCU 2QTVTCKV *GT\QI #NDTGEJVU +++ FGU $GJGT\VGP CWH FGO #XGTUOGFCKNNQP  /QFGNN  #WUHÒJTWPI  GTUGV\V  

DGUEJNQUUGP   &WTEJ FKG PGWGP 5VCVWVGP YWTFG CWEJ FKG 4KVVGTMNCUUG KP  WPF  -NCUUG CWHIGVGKNV FCU   'JTGPMTGW\ WPF FKG /GFCKNNGP CDIGUEJCHHV UQYKG FCU #NDTGEJVUMTGW\ CNU FGO 1TFGP CHHKNKKGTVGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP   GKPIGHÒJTV  GTHQNIVG FKG 'KPHÒJTWPI GKPGU )QNFGPGP $TWUVUVGTPU \WO )TQ­MTGW\ OKV GKPGO DGUQPFGTGP   5EJWNVGTDCPF CNU ÒDGT FGO PQTOCNGP )TQ­MTGW\ CPIGUKGFGNVG 5QPFGTUVWHG  GTHQNIVG FKG 5VKHVWPI FGU \YKUEJGP   FGO -QOVWT  -NCUUG WPF FGO 4KVVGT  -NCUUG CPIGUKGFGNVGP 1HHK\KGTMTGW\GU #D  MQPPVG FGT IQNFGPG   $TWUVUVGTP\WO)TQ­MTGW\CWEJQJPGFCUDGUQPFGTG5EJWNVGTDCPFXGTNKGJGPYGTFGPGTHQNIVFKG'KPHÒJTWPIFGU 4KVVGTMTGW\GU  -NCUUGOKVFGT-TQPGGTJKGNVFGTIQNFGPG$TWUVUVGTPOKVFGODGUQPFGTGP5EJWNVGTDCPFGKPG UKNDGTPG-TQPG

58


SACHSEN

112

111 (1:1)



111 (1:1)

-ÌPKINKEJ5·EJUKUEJGT#NDTGEJVUQTFGP/QFGNN OKVFGO2QTVTCKVXQP*GT\QI#NDTGEJV+++FGO$G- JGT\VGP #WUHÒJTWPI #WUHÒJTWPIKP5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVOKVGKPVGKNKIGP/GFCKNNQPHGNFGTP  )TQ­MTGW\ QFGT-QOVWTMTGW\ #PHGTVKIWPIFGT(KTOC)NCUGT5QJPKP&TGUFGP5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV 9CRRGP WPF -TQPG FGU 4GXGTUOGFCKNNQPU GKPVGKNKI KO 4CPF FGU WPVGTGP   -TGW\CTOU *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G ) FGT (KTOC )NCUGT COPGWMQPHGMVKQPKGTVGP5EJWNVGTDCPF$9- )$1'- ++  5GKVGTHQNIVGFKG*GTUVGNNWPIFGT+PUKIPKGPKPXGTIQNFGVGO5KNDGT /QFGNN#WUHÒJTWPI 0CEJFGTNGV\VGP YGUGPVNKEJGPPFGTWPIWOHC­VGFGT1TFGPKPUIGUCOV)TCFG=)TQ­MTGW\OKVIQNFGPGO5VGTPWPFUKNDGTPGT -TQPG )TQ­MTGW\ OKV IQNFGPGO 5VGTP )TQ­MTGW\ OKV $TKNNCPVGP )TQ­MTGW\ -QOVWT  WPF  -NCUUG 1HHK\KGT   4KVVGTMTGW\  -NCUUG OKV -TQPG4KVVGTMTGW\WPF-NCUUG?WPFFCUCHHKNKKGTVG#NDTGEJVUMTGW\#DYCTGP FKG /GFCKNNQPHGNFGT FGT +PUKIPKGP GKPVGKNKI CWUIGHÒJTV  /QFGNN  #WUHÒJTWPI  /KV FGO 6JTQPXGT\KEJV -ÌPKI   (TKGFTKEJ#WIWUVU+++KO0QXGODGTGTNQUEJCWEJFGT1TFGP



-ÌPKINKEJ5·EJUKUEJGT#NDTGEJVUQTFGP/QFGNN OKVFGO2QTVTCKVXQP*GT\QI#NDTGEJV+++FGO$G- JGT\VGP #WUHÒJTWPI #WUHÒJTWPIKP5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVOKVGKPVGKNKIGP/GFCKNNQPHGNFGTP   PKEJV RTQDGO·­KIG #PHGTVKIWPI =HCMG? GKPGU $TWUVUVGTPU \WO )TQ­MTGW\ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP   5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFVNYGOCKNNKGTVCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPIFGT(KTOC5EJCTHHGPDGTI CP0CFGN ++



'UJCPFGNVUKEJJKGTDGKWOGKPGKPFGPGT,CJTGPCWHFGP/CTMVIGDTCEJVG(·NUEJWPI\WO5EJCFGPFGT5COONGT

59


SACHSEN

116









115

114

113

-ÌPKINKEJ5·EJUKUEJGT#NDTGEJVUQTFGP/QFGNN OKVFGO2QTVTCKVXQP*GT\QI#NDTGEJV+++FGO$G- JGT\VGP #WUHÒJTWPI #WUHÒJTWPIKP5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVOKVGKPVGKNKIGP/GFCKNNQPHGNFGTP  4KVVGTMTGW\-NCUUGOKV5EJYGTVGTP5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTV9CRRGPWPF-TQPG FGU4GXGTUOGFCKNNQPUGKPVGKNKICOUR·VGTGP$TWUVDCPF$9-)$1'- ++



-ÌPKINKEJ5·EJUKUEJGT#NDTGEJVUQTFGP/QFGNN OKVFGO2QTVTCKVXQP*GT\QI#NDTGEJV+++FGO$G- JGT\VGP #WUHÒJTWPI #WUHÒJTWPIKP5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVOKVGKPVGKNKIGP/GFCKNNQPHGNFGTP  4KVVGTMTGW\-NCUUGOKV5EJYGTVGTP#WUHÒJTWPIOKVGKPUGKVKIIGRT·IVGP5EJYGTVGTP#P- HGTVKIWPIFGT(KTOC5EJCTHHGPDGTIKP&TGUFGP5KNDGTVNYXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTV9CRRGPWPF-TQPG FGU 4GXGTUOGFCKNNQPU GKPVGKNKI CWH FGP 4·PFGTP FGT UGKVNKEJGP #TOG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI   5%*#4(('0$'4)WPF&4'5&'0CWHFGO4CPFFGUWPVGTGP-TGW\CTOU2WP\G5HÒT5KNDGT COQTKIKPCNGPCNVGP$TWUVDCPF$9-)$-$1'- ++



#NNIGOGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP   D\Y 'JTGPMTGW\   #NNIGOGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP   D\Y'JTGPMTGW\OKV5EJYGTVGTP CD #WUHÒJTWPIOKVDGKFUGKVKICWUIGRT·IVGP5EJYGTVGTP$TQP\G XGTIQNFGVCOCNVGPLGFQEJGVYCUUEJO·NGTGP$TWUVDCPF$9-)$1'- ++



(GWGTYGJTGJTGP\GKEJGP  /QFGNN   'JTGP\GKEJGP HÒT  ,CJTG  #WUHÒJTWPI <YGKIG   PKEJV FWTEJDTQEJGP  $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV VNY XGTUKNDGTV CWHIGNGIV CWH $CPFURCPIG OKV 0CFGN $9-   )$1'- +++



*GTXQTTCIGPFG'TJCNVWPI

118

117 (1:1) 119



(TKGFTKEJ#WIWUV/GFCKNNG 5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG 5KNDGT CO QTKIKPCNGP -TKGIU$TWUVDCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP   IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK OKV 'VKMGVVGP FGT (KTOGP ) # 5EJCTHHGPDGTI WPF % '   -WPCVJDGKFGKP&TGUFGPCWHFGO$QFGP$9-$1'- +



+PFKGUGOGZ\GNNGPVGP<WUVCPFKOQTKIKPCNGP'VWKPKEJVJ·WHKI\WHKPFGP



'TKPPGTWPIUMTGW\D\Y CD 'JTGPMTGW\HÒTHTGKYKNNKIG-TCPMGPRHNGIGKO-TKGIG#WUICDG

OKVFGP,CJTGU\CJNGP \YGKVG#WUHÒJTWPI KPGKPGO5VÒEMIGRT·IV 6[ROKV'KEJGPNCWD- MTCP\ NKPMU $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF VNY GOCKNNKGTV CP QTKIKPCNGT &COGPUEJNGKHG $9-  )$    1'- +++



*GTXQTTCIGPFG'TJCNVWPI



-TKGIUXGTFKGPUVMTGW\$TQP\GOKV2WP\G5FGU*GTUVGNNGTU5EJPGKFGTKONKPMGP-TGW\CTOCOQTKIK- PCNGP&TGKGEMUDCPFOKV0CFGNKOIQNFHCTDGPDGFTWEMVGP1TKIKPCNGVWK$9-)$1'-  ++ +O1TKIKPCNGVWKPKEJVJ·WHKI\WHKPFGP

60




SACHSEN

121

120 Rv.



&KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI -TGW\ HÒT  &KGPUVLCJTG FGT 1HHK\KGTG UGKV    #WUICDG OKV INCVVGP   -TGW\CTOHGNFGTP KP GKPGO 5VÒEM IGRT·IV  $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF $9-    )$1'- +



'ZGORNCTKPJGTXQTTCIGPFGT'TJCNVWPI



-TKGIGTXGTGKPU'TKPPGTWPIUMTGW\ HÒT  /GUUKPIDNGEJ XGTIQNFGV VNY XGTUKNDGTV CP &TGKGEMU   5RCPIG 4++





-QPXQNWVXQPEC\KXKNGPWPFOKNKV·TKUEJGP'JTGP\GKEJGP+PXGTUEJKGFGPGP/GVCNNGPCWEJ5KNDGTVGKNU XGTIQNFGV VGKNU XGTUKNDGTV CP MQTTGMVGP $TWUV QFGT $QIGPD·PFGTP GKPGT 5RCPIG  CP 0CFGN KP IWVGP   'TJCNVWPIGPFC\WGKPG/KPKCVWTCO$·PFEJGP 5VÒEM++



-QPXQNWVXQPECPGWP#WU\GKEJPWPIUOKPKCVWTGP&CTWPVGTECXKGTU·EJUKUEJGXKGTWPFFTGK/KPKCVW TGPCP/KPKCVWTGPMGVVEJGP&C\WECCEJV-PÌRHGOKVU·EJUKUEJGP9CRRGPFCXQPECFTGK5GTIGCPVGP MPÌRHGGKPG#PUVGEMPCFGNGKPG(GNFUEJPCNNGWPF\YGK5QNFCVGPRJQVQU 5VÒEM++





124 (1:1)

5#%*5'0 9'+/#4'+5'0#%*  $+5   *'4<1)67/ $+5   70&   )4155*'4<1)67/   

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 5·EJUKUEJGT *CWUQTFGP FGT 9CEJUCOMGKV QFGT XQO 9GK­GP (CNMGP  /QFGNN  

 $TWUVUVGTP\WO)TQ­MTGW\5KNDGT#WHNCIGP)QNFGOCKNNKGTVOKP'OCKNNGTK­KO5EJTKHV TKPIÒDGTFGO5VGTPFKG#WHNCIGPCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVGOKVXKGT4WPFMQRHPKGVGPDGHGUVKIVKPFGT4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC 6J /ÒNNGT KP 9GKOCT CP 0CFGN $9-  (49   -$   1'- ++  'ZGORNCTCWUWPUGTGT#WMVKQPCO,WPK-CV0T#PHGTVKIWPIWO





)GUVKHVGVCO#WIWUVFWTEJ*GT\QI'TPUV#WIWUVXQP5CEJUGP9GKOCTYWTFGGTCO1MVQDGTCNU FTGKMNCUUKIGTCNNIGOGKPGT8GTFKGPUVQTFGPGTPGWGTVWPFGTHQNIVGP'TYGKVGTWPIGPYWTFGFCU )TQ­MTGW\CWHIGVGKNVKP+PUKIPKGPHÒT8GTFKGPUVGWOFCUITQ­JGT\QINKEJG*CWUWPFUQNEJGHÒTCNNIGOGKPG8GTFKGPUVG 9GKVGTG8GT·PFGTWPIGPGTHQNIVGPWPF

61


SACHSEN

125 (1:1)



)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 5·EJUKUEJGT *CWUQTFGP FGT 9CEJUCOMGKV QFGT XQO 9GK­GP (CNMGP  /QFGNN  

 $TWUVUVGTP\WO-QOVWTOKV5VGTP CD 5KNDGTVNYXGTIQNFGVVNYGOCKNNKGTVCWHFGT 4Ã&#x2019;EMUGKVG*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPIFGU*QH,WYGNKGTU6/Ã&#x2019;NNGTKP9GKOCTCP0CFGN$9-(49 -$1'- ++ 

126 (1:1)



62

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 5·EJUKUEJGT *CWUQTFGP FGT 9CEJUCOMGKV QFGT XQO 9GK­GP (CNMGP  /QFGNN  

  -QOOCPFGWTMTGW\ HÃ&#x2019;T <KXKNRGTUQPGP )QNF VNY HGKPUV \KUGNKGTV GOCKNNKGTV OKP   'OCKNNGCDRNCV\WPIKO(CNMGPCWHFGT4Ã&#x2019;EMUGKVGKP\YGK-TGW\CTOURKV\GP'OCKNNGCDRNCV\WPIFGTWPVGTG -TGW\CTO PCEJGOCKNNKGTV CO PGWGP *CNUDCPFCDUEJPKVV $9-  (49   -$  1'-    +++++++ 


SACHSEN

127 (1:1)



)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 5·EJUKUEJGT *CWUQTFGP FGT 9CEJUCOMGKV QFGT XQO 9GK­GP (CNMGP  /QFGNN  

 -QOOCPFGWTMTGW\HÒT<KXKNRGTUQPGP)QNFVNYHGKPUV\KUGNKGTVGOCKNNKGTVFCU-TGW\OKV )QNFRCVKPC WPF GVYCU XGTUEJOWV\V OKV GTI·P\VGO $CPFTKPI KP $TQP\G CO CNVGP *CNUDCPFCDUEJPKVV   $9-(49-$1'- ++ 

130 128







129

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 5·EJUKUEJGT *CWUQTFGP FGT 9CEJUCOMGKV QFGT XQO 9GK­GP (CNMGP  /QFGNN  

 4KVVGTMTGW\-NCUUGHÒT<KXKNRGTUQPGP5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOPGWGP$TWUV DCPF#DUEJPKVV$9--$(491'- ++



)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 5·EJUKUEJGT *CWUQTFGP FGT 9CEJUCOMGKV QFGT XQO 9GK­GP (CNMGP  /QFGNN  

  5KNDGTPGU 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\  #WUICDG OKV/QPQITCOO9'XQP)TQ­JGT\QI9KNJGNO 'TPUV 5KNDGTOGJTGTG-TCV\GTCWHFGT8QTFGTUGKVGCOPGWGP$TWUVDCPF#DUEJPKVV$9- (49-$1'- ++



#NNIGOGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP  /QFGNN QJPG ,CJTGU\CJN    #WUICDG OKV &'/ 8'4   &+'056'#NNIGOGKPGU'JTGP\GKEJGPKP5KNDGT5KNDGTOKV5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT5KIPCVWT#-4ª)'4 (KO4CPFPGDGPFGT¤UGRWP\KGTV5+.$'4WPFCOCNVGP$TWUVDCPF$9-(49 1'- ++



/KV8GTQTFPWPIXQO,WPKUVKHVGVG)TQ­JGT\QI9KNJGNO'TPUV  WPVGT#WHJGDWPIFGTDKUFCJKP XGTNKGJGPGP 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG FCU #NNIGOGKPG 'JTGP\GKEJGP KP)QNF5KNDGTWPF$TQP\G\WT#PGTMGPPWPICWUIG- \GKEJPGVGT 8GTFKGPUVG KPUDGUQPFGTG NCPIL·JTKIGT XQTDKNFNKEJGT 2HNKEJVGTHÒNNWPI WPF VTGWGT #TDGKV UQYKG \WT   8GTNGKJWPICNU<GKEJGP7PUGTGT9QJNIGPGKIVJGKV'UMQPPVGKPXGTUEJKGFGPGP#WUHÒJTWPIGPFJOKVXGTUEJKGFG PGP 4ÒEMUGKVGP+PUEJTKHVGP XGTNKGJGP YGTFGP &'/  8'4&+'056' (ª4  64'7'  &+'056' (ª4    64'7'#4$'+6WPF HÒTPKEJVUCEJUGPYGKOCTKUEJG5VCCVUCPIGJÌTKIG OKVFGO5VKHVGTOQPQITCOO9'YQDGK FKG GTUVIGPCPPVG #WUHÒJTWPI \WT #PGTMGPPWPI FGU 8GTJCNVGPU XQT FGO (GKPFG OKV GKPGT 5EJYGTVGTURCPIG   XGTNKGJGPYGTFGPMQPPVG1JPGGKPGPDGUQPFGTGP5VKHVWPIUGTNC­YWTFGGU\W$GIKPPFGU'TUVGP9GNVMTKGIGUUQYGKV GU HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG XGTNKGJGP YWTFG FKG OKV FKGUGO -TKGI \WUCOOGPJKPIGP OKV FGT 4ÒEMUGKVGP+PUEJTKHV &'/    8'4&+'056'   XGTNKGJGP +PJCDGT GKPGT PKGFGTGP -NCUUG FGU 'JTGP\GKEJGPU JCVVGP FKGUGU DGK 8GTNGKJWPI   GKPGT JÌJGTGP -NCUUG PKEJV \WTÒEM\WIGDGP 8GTUEJKGFGPG -NCUUGP MQPPVGP PGDGPGKPCPFGT IGVTCIGP YGTFGP &CU   #NNIGOGKPG'JTGP\GKEJGPKUVDKUECXGTNKGJGPYQTFGP 8IN-NGG,ÒTIGPKP-*-5HHWPF5HH 

63


SACHSEN

131 (1:1)

133 (1:1) 132 (1:1)







#NNIGOGKPGU'JTGP\GKEJGP/QFGNN OKV&'/8'4&+'056' #NNIGOGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP KP )QNF $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP $TWUVDCPF $9-  (49     1'- ++



#NNIGOGKPGU'JTGP\GKEJGP/QFGNN OKV&'/8'4&+'056' #NNIGOGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP KP )QNF OKV 5EJYGTVGTP -TKGIUOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV 8GTIQNFWPI VNY XGTICPIGP CP   5EJYGTVGTURCPIG CO UR·VGTGP $TWUVDCPF#DUEJPKVV $9- C (49  XCT  XCT 1'-    +++++



#NNIGOGKPGU'JTGP\GKEJGP/QFGNN OKV&'/8'4&+'056' #WUICDGOKV &'/ 8'4&+'056' #NNIGOGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP KP 5KNDGT 5KNDGT KO 4CPF PGDGP FGT ¤UG RWP\KGTV   5+.$'4WPFCOUR·VGTGP$TWUVDCPF#DUEJPKVV$9-(491'- ++



135 (1:1) 134 (1:1)









136 (1:1)

137 (1:1)

#NNIGOGKPGU'JTGP\GKEJGP/QFGNN OKV&'/8'4&+'056' #NNIGOGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGPKP5KNDGTOKV5EJYGTVGTP-TKGIUOGVCNNXGTUKNDGTVCP5EJYGTVGTURCPIGCOUR·VGTGP$TWUV- DCPF#DUEJPKVV$9-C(49XCTXCT1'- ++



#NNIGOGKPGU'JTGP\GKEJGP/QFGNN OKV&'/8'4&+'056' #NNIGOGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP KP $TQP\G -TKGIUOGVCNN DTQP\KGTV CO UR·VGTGP $TWUVDCPF#DUEJPKVV $9-  (49   XCTXCT1'- ++



#NNIGOGKPGU'JTGP\GKEJGP/QFGNN OKV&'/8'4&+'056' #NNIGOGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP KP $TQP\G OKV 5EJYGTVGTP $TQP\G CP 5EJYGTVGTURCPIG CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP $TWUVDCPF   $9-C(491'- ++



'JTGP\GKEJGP HÃ&#x2019;T (TCWGP 0KEJV RTQDGO·­KIG UR·VGTG #PHGTVKIWPI =HCMG? GKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGPU FGT +   #DVGKNWPI5KNDGTCPPGWGT&COGPUEJNGKHG ++



'UJCPFGNVUKEJJKGTDGKWOGKPGKPFGPGT,CJTGPCWHFGP/CTMVIGDTCEJVG(·NUEJWPI\WO5EJCFGPFGT5COONGT

64


SACHSEN

138 (1:1)







139 (1:1)

140 (1:1)

,WDKN·WOUOGFCKNNG \WT 'TKPPGTWPI CP FKG )QNFGPG *QEJ\GKV  )QNFGPG /GFCKNNG 5KNDGT   XGTIQNFGVOKV5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT5KIPCVWTGP97*./#005%).115&+4 UKE WPF).115 &COPGWGP$TWUVDCPF#DUEJPKVV$9-XCT(491'- ++



,WDKN·WOUOGFCKNNG \WT 'TKPPGTWPI CP FKG )QNFGPG *QEJ\GKV  5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG 5KNDGT OKV   5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT 5KIPCVWTGP 97*./#00 5% ).115& UKE WPF).115&COPGWGP $TWUVDCPF#DUEJPKVV$9-(491'- ++



/GFCKNNG 6TGWGP -TKGIGTP   /GFCKNNG KP $TQP\G CO PGWGP $TWUVDCPF#DUEJPKVV $9-    (491'- +++++



141



'JTGP\GKEJGPHÃ&#x2019;TTÃ&#x2019;JONKEJG6·VKIMGKV5KNDGT HGKPIGRT·IVGU1TKIKPCNGZGORNCT COCNVGP NCPIGPUEJOCNGP$CPF$9-(491'- ++

142



144 (1:1) 143



-TKGIGTXGTGKPU'JTGPMTGW\ -TKGIUOGVCNN   DTQP\KGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP $TWUVDCPF $9-    (491'- ++





'JTGPMTGW\HÃ&#x2019;T*GKOCVXGTFKGPUV-TKGIUOGVCNNCOQTKIKPCNGPCNVGP$TWUVDCPF$9-(49 1'- ++





/KNKV·T&KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI  /QFGNN    -NCUUG /GFCKNNG HÃ&#x2019;T +: &KGPUVLCJTG $TQP\G   XGTUKNDGTV  COPGWGP$TWUVDCPF#DUEJPKVV$9-(491'- ++

 65


SACHSEN

145 (1:1)

5%*5+5%*'*'4<1)6ª/'4)'/'+05#/ 

*GT\QINKEJ 5CEJUGP'TPGUVKPKUEJGT *CWUQTFGP  /QFGNN   $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­MTGW\   5KNDGT #WHNCIGP )QNF FKG IQNFGPGP 5VTCJNGP IQNFGP -TGW\CTOG UGRCTCV CWHIGUGV\V WPF TÒEMUGKVKI OKV   4WPFMQRHOWVVGTPDGHGUVKIV/GFCKNNQPHGNF\KUGNKGTVVNYGOCKNNKGTVOKP'OCKNNGCDRNCV\WPIGPKO'KEJGP DNCVVMTCP\CP0CFGN$9--$1'- ++  5GJTSWCNKV·VUXQNNG#PHGTVKIWPICWUFGONGV\VGP&TKVVGNFGU,CJTJWPFGTVUKPUGJTIWVGT'TJCNVWPI





)GUVKHVGVCO&G\GODGTCNUIGOGKPUCOGT\WP·EJUVXKGTMNCUUKIGT*CWUQTFGP OKVCHHKNKKGTVGO8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ WPF 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG  XQP (TKGFTKEJ *GT\QI XQP 5CEJUGP#NVGPDWTI 'TPUV *GT\QI XQP 5CEJUGP%QDWTI WPF    )QVJC WPF $GTPJCTF 'TKEJ (TGWPF *GT\QI XQP 5CEJUGP/GKPKPIGP KP #PNGJPWPI CP FGP  XQP *GT\QI   (TKGFTKEJ XQP 5CEJUGP%QDWTI IGUVKHVGVGP 1TFGP FGT &GWVUEJGP 4GFNKEJMGKV (ÒT 8GTFKGPUVG KO -TKGI GTHQNIVG FKG   8GTNGKJWPI OKV IGMTGW\VGP 5EJYGTVGTP  GTHQNIVG GKPG 8GTGKPJGKVNKEJWPI FGT +PUKIPKGP W C FWTEJ FKG   'PVHGTPWPI FGT /QPQITCOOG FGT XGTNGKJGPFGP *GT\ÌIG CWH FGO QDGTGP -TGW\CTO FKG 7PVGTVGKNWPI FGT4KVVGTKP WPF-NCUUGWPFFKG5VKHVWPIFGT)QNFGPGP8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNGUQYKGFGT1TFGPUMGVVG /QFGNN YWTFGP FKG +PUKIPKGP OKV ,CJTGU\CJNGP    IGUVKHVGV WPFFKG$CPFURCPIGPOKV WPF QJPG 5EJYGTVGT HÒT FKG )QNFGPGP WPF 5KNDGTPGP 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNGP $KU \WO 'PFG FGT /QPCTEJKG ICD GU   +PUKIPKGPOKV5EJYGTVGTPKP\YGK#WUHÒJTWPIGPOKVTÌOKUEJGP IGTCFGP WPFOKVHTCP\ÌUKUEJGP IGUEJYWPIG PGP 2CTKGTUVCPIGPFGT5EJYGTVGT+P#.6'0$UVGJVJKGT\WCWH5$KU\WOJGWVKIGP6CIKUVFKG7TUCEJGHÒTFKG 7TUCEJGPFGT5EJYGTVGTUVÒEMGOKVIGTCFGP2CTKGTUVCPIGPQFGTIGUEJYWPIGPGP2CTKGTUVCPIGPPKEJVGKPFGWVKIIGMN·TV <WO 6GKN YKTF FKG /GKPWPI XGTVTGVGP FC­ IGUEJYWPIGPG 2CTKGTUVCPIGP #NVGPDWTIGT 8GTNGKJWPIGP WPF IGTCFG   2CTKGTUVCPIGP)QVJCGTD\Y/GKPKPIGT8GTNGKJWPIGPUKPF&KGUN·­VUKEJYGFGTFWTEJ#MVGPPQEJ.KVGTCVWTDGNGIGP QDYQJNDKUJGTCWHIGVCWEJVG\YGKHGNUHTGKG#NVGPDWTI5VÒEMGFGU5'*1KOOGTOKVIGUEJYWPIGPGP2CTKGTUVCPIGP XGTUGJGPYCTGP&KGUIKNVHÒTCNNG5VWHGPXQO8GTFKGPUVMTGW\OKV5EJYGTVGTPDKU\WO)TQ­MTGW\OKV5EJYGTVGTP #WEJ PCEJ FGO 'PFG FGT /QPCTEJKG XGTNKGJ *GT\QI %CTN 'FWCTF XQP 5CEJUGP%QDWTI WPF )QVJC FGP 1TFGP DKU    YGKVGT +P FKGUGO ,CJT UVKHVGVG GT PQEJ FKG 5EJYGTVGT CO 4KPI \W CNNGP -NCUUGP /KV 4GKEJUXGTQTFPWPI XQO   0QXGODGTYWTFGPFKG8GTNGKJWPIGPHÒTCDIGUEJNQUUGPGTMN·TV&KG8GTNGKJWPIGPKP5CEJUGP#NVGPDWTIWPF 5CEJUGP/GKPWPIGPYCTGPUEJQPOKVFGO'PFGFGT/QPCTEJKGKPFKGUGP5VCCVGPKO,CJTGGKPIGUVGNNVYQTFGP

146



66

*GT\QINKEJ 5CEJUGP'TPGUVKPKUEJGT *CWUQTFGP  /QFGNN  $TWUVUVGTP\WO-QOVWTMTGW\ OKV5VGTP5KNDGT#WHNCIGP)QNF/GFCKNNQP\KUGNKGTVVNYGOCKNNKGTVCP0CFGN$9--$ 1'- +++  5GJTSWCNKV·VUXQNNG#PHGTVKIWPICWUFGONGV\VGP&TKVVGNFGU,CJTJWPFGTVUKPJGTXQTTCIGPFGT'TJCNVWPI


SACHSEN

147 (1:1)



*GT\QINKEJ 5CEJUGP'TPGUVKPKUEJGT *CWUQTFGP  /QFGNN   -QOVWTMTGW\)QNF/GFCKN- NQPHGNF\KUGNKGTVGOCKNNKGTVOKP)QNFRCVKPCQJPG*CNUDCPF$9--$1'- ++ 

150 148







149

*GT\QINKEJ5CEJUGP'TPGUVKPKUEJGT*CWUQTFGP/QFGNN  4KVVGTMTGW\-NCUUG5KNDGT /GFCKNNQPU)QNFVNYHGKPUV\KUGNKGTVWPFITCXKGTVGOCKNNKGTVQDGTHN·EJNKEJGT'OCKNNGEJKRCWHFGT4ÒEM- UGKVGFGUTGEJVGP-TGW\CTOUCOPGWGP$TWUVDCPF#DUEJPKVV$9--$QFGT1'-  ++



*GT\QINKEJ 5CEJUGP'TPGUVKPKUEJGT *CWUQTFGP  /QFGNN   4KVVGTMTGW\  -NCUUG OKV   5EJYGTVGTP WPF 'KEJGPNCWDMTCP\ #WUHÒJTWPI OKV UQIGP HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP IGUEJYWPIGPGP  2CTKGT   UVCPIGPFGT5EJYGTVGT5KNDGT/GFCKNNQPU)QNFGOCKNNKGTVCOPGWGP$TWUVDCPF#DUEJPKVV$9- -$1'- ++



*GT\QINKEJ 5CEJUGP'TPGUVKPKUEJGT *CWUQTFGP  /QFGNN   5KNDGTPGU 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\    #WUICDG OKVIGMÌTPVGP#TOGP/GFCKNNQPUUGRCTCVIGRT·IVPWTKP5CEJUGP%QDWTIWPF)QVJC  5KNDGTCOQTKIKPCNGPCNVGP$TWUVDCPF$9--$1'- ++

 67


WALDECK UND PYRMONT

151



&TGKCNVG2JQVQITCRJKGPGKPGU VJÒTKPIKUEJ!DCFKUEJ! RTGW­KUEJGP)GPGTCNU+PWPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGO #NVGT LGFQEJ CNNG PCEJ  CWHIGPQOOGP KP XQNNGO XQP $KNF \W $KNF CPYCEJUGPFGP 1TFGPU   UEJOWEM OKV RTGW­KUEJDCFKUEJGT 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG 4QVGT #FNGT1TFGP WPF -TQPGP1TFGP LGYGKNU   -NCUUGUQYKGCWHCNNGPFTGK$KNFGTP-QOVWTMTGW\OKV5VGTPFGU5CEJUGP'TPGUVKPKUEJGP*CWUQTFGPU ,GYGKNUCWH-CTVQPCWHIG\QIGP 5VÒEM++



2JCNGTKUVKUEJ KPVGTGUUCPVG 2JQVQUGTKG FKG FCU #PYCEJUGP FGT #WU\GKEJPWPIGP FGWVNKEJ FQMWOGPVKGTV 7PVGT -CV   0TYKTFFKGITQ­G(GNFUEJPCNNGFGU)GPGTCNUCPIGDQVGP

9GKVGTGU·EJUKUEJG1TFGPWPFGKPG8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGHKPFGP5KGWPVGTFGP0TPWPF KO0CEJNCUU9KNNKCO$CNEM

152

ex 153

155 154

5%*9#4<$74)510&'45*#75'0(ª456'067/ $+5  

(ÒTUVNKEJ5EJYCT\DWTIKUEJGU'JTGPMTGW\-TGW\-NCUUGOKV5EJYGTVGTP5KNDGTVNYXGTIQNFGVWPF GOCKNNKGTVCOPGWGPUEJOCNGP$TWUVDCPF#DUEJPKVV1'- ++



-QPXQNWV XQP  'JTGP\GKEJGP WPF #D\GKEJGP VJÒTKPIKUEJGT 5VCCVGP 7 C CWU 5CEJUGP9GKOCT   5CEJUGP#NVGPDWTI 5CEJUGP%QDWTI WPF )QVJC 5CEJUGP /GKPKPIGP WPF 5EJYCT\DWTI 1TKIKPCNG WPF   -QRKGPKPXGTUEJKGFGPGP/GVCNNGPCWEJ5KNDGTCPMQTTGMVGP$TWUVD·PFGTPKPIWVGP'TJCNVWPIGP  5VÒEM++ 'KPGPYGKVGTGP1TFGPWPFGKPG8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGCWU5EJYCT\DWTI5QPFGTUJCWUGP HKPFGP5KGWPVGTFGP0TPWPFKO0CEJNCUU9KNNKCO$CNEM





9#.&'%-70&2;4/1068'4'+0+)6'5 5'+6 (ª456'067/ $+5  

(ÒTUVNKEJ 9CNFGEMKUEJGT 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP  /QFGNN   PKEJV RTQDGO·­KIG #PHGTVKIWPI   =HCMG?GKPGU-TGW\GU-NCUUGOKV5EJYGTVGTP5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVQJPG*CNUDCPF ++



'UJCPFGNVUKEJJKGTDGKWOGKPGKPFGPGT,CJTGPCWHFGP/CTMVIGDTCEJVG(CPVCUKGUEJÌRHWPI\WO5EJCFGPFGT 5COONGTFKGKPFKGUGT(QTOKO1TKIKPCNÒDGTJCWRVPKEJVGZKUVKGTVJCV



(ÒTUVNKEJ 9CNFGEMKUEJGT 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP D\Y (ÒTUVNKEJ 9CNFGEMKUEJGU 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ 0KEJV   RTQDGO·­KIG #PHGTVKIWPI =HCMG? GKPGU -TGW\GU  -NCUUG FGU  /QFGNNU   D\Y  -NCUUG   FGU  /QFGNNU   5KNDGTIW­ VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV OKP 5EJCFGP KP FGT TQVGP   'OCKNNGCO$TWUVDCPFCDUEJPKVV ++ 'UJCPFGNVUKEJJKGTDGKWOGKPGKPFGPGT,CJTGPCWHFGP/CTMVIGDTCEJVG(·NUEJWPI\WO5EJCFGPFGT5COONGT

'KPGPYGKVGTGP1TFGPCWU9CNFGEMHKPFGP5KGWPVGTFGT0TKO0CEJNCUU9KNNKCO$CNEM 68




WÜRTTEMBERG

156 (1:1)

9'562*#.'0-¤0+)4'+%*   

1TFGPFGT-TQPGXQP9GUVRJCNGP=1TFTGFGNC%QWTQPPGFG9GUVRJCNKG?-QOOCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP #WUHÒJTWPIOKVJQTK\QPVCNCPIGDTCEJVGO$CPFTKPIZOO-TQPGOOFKEM)QNFVNY HGKPUV\KUGNKGTVVNYGOCKNNKGTVIGKPGMNGKPG'OCKNNGCDRNCV\WPIKO-TQPTGKHCPDGUVKOOVGP5VGNNGP

\ $ $TWUVHGFGTP FGU #FNGTU (GFGTURKV\GP FGT LGYGKNU TGEJVGP (NÒIGNUGKVG 4·PFGT FGU UVKTPUGKVKIGP   -TGW\DNCVVGUFGT-TQPG VTCIGDGFKPIVDGTKGDGPQJPG$CPF 444++  'ZGORNCTCWUGKPGTCNVGPDGFGWVGPFGPHTCP\ÌUKUEJGP2TKXCVUCOONWPI'UJCPFGNVUKEJ\YGKHGNUHTGKWOGKPIGVTCIGPGU 1TKIKPCNGZGORNCT KP GKPGT YQJN HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP #PHGTVKIWPI XQP ÒDGTTCIGPFGT 3WCNKV·V \YKUEJGP  WPF  KP   HÒTUGKP#NVGTJGTXQTTCIGPFGT'TJCNVWPI

158 157

9ª466'/$'4) *'4<1)67/ $+5   -74(ª456'067/   70&   -¤0+)4'+%*   

1TFGPFGT-ÌPKINKEJGP9ÒTVVGODGTIKUEJGP-TQPG0KEJVRTQDGO·­KIG#PHGTVKIWPIFGT(KTOC4QVJG KP9KGPPCEJ UQIGP4QVJG(GTVKIWPI GKPGU$TWUVUVGTPU\WO)TQ­MTGW\5KNDGTTGRGTEKGTVVNY ITCXKGTVWPFXGTIQNFGVVNYGOCKNNKGTVCP0CFGNFKGUGOKV*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPIFGT(KTOC4QVJG ++



'U JCPFGNV UKEJ JKGTDGK WO GKPG 0CEJHGTVKIWPI PCEJ  FC QJPG 5KNDGTRWP\GP  \WT 8GTYGPFWPI CNU 'TUCV\   GZGORNCTQFGT\W5COONGT\YGEMGP



-ÌPKINKEJ9ÒTVVGODGTIKUEJGT(TKGFTKEJU1TFGP/QFGNN OGJTMNCUUKI 4KVVGTMTGW\ -NCUUG   \YGKVG XQNWOKPÌUGTG #WUHÒJTWPI #PHGTVKIWPI FGU -ÌPKINKEJGP /ÒP\COVU KP   5VWVVICTV\YKUEJGPWPF5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOGTI·P\VGP5RTKPITKPIQJPG$CPF 1'- 4++



.CWV -NGKP WPF 4CHH KP 5/- 5   YWTFGP KP FGP ,CJTGP  DKU  KPUIGUCOV PWT       4KVVGTMTGW\G-NCUUGKP5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVXQPFGT5VWVVICTVGT/ÒP\GJGTIGUVGNNVYQOKV FGWVNKEJYKTFFC­FKG5VÒEMGKP5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVGTJGDNKEJUGNVGPGTUKPFCNUFKGGEJVIQNFGPGP#WUHÒJTWPIGP

'KPGPYGKVGTGP1TFGPCWU9ÒTVVGODGTIHKPFGP5KGWPVGTFGT0TKO0CEJNCUU9KNNKCO$CNEM 69


DEUTSCHES KAISERREICH

159

*'+.+)'54¤/+5%*'54'+%*&'765%*'40#6+10 $+5  

1TFGPU-CRKVGNXQP5V,QCEJKOFGOIGDGPGFGKVGP8CVGTFGTJGKNKIGP,WPIHTCW/CTKCFGT/WVVGT WPUGTGU *GTTP WPF *GKNCPFGU ,GUWU %JTKUVWU XWNIQ 5V ,QCEJKOU1TFGP  /QFGTPG 5COONGT   CPHGTVKIWPI GKPGU $TWUVUVGTPU FGT )TQ­MTGW\JGTTGP =EQR[?  #WUHÒJTWPI 5KNDGT /GFCKNNQP )QNF   OGJTVGKNKIGOCKNNKGTVFKG-TGW\URKV\GPOKVCEJV$GHGUVKIWPIUÌUGP ++ *GTXQTTCIGPFG'TUCV\CPHGTVKIWPIFKGUGUKO1TKIKPCNPCJG\WPKEJVDGUEJCHHDCTGP1TFGPUUVGTPU







&GT1TFGPYWTFGCNU1TFGPFGUJN,QPCVJCP  CO,WPKXQP%JTKUVKCP(TCP\2TKP\XQP5CEJUGP %QDWTI5CCNHGNF   -CTN %JTKUVKCP 'TFOCPP *GT\QI XQP 9ÒTVVGODGTI1GNU   1MVCXKWU ++   #GPGCU ,QUGRJ 4GKEJUHÒTUV 2KEEQNQOKPK2KGTK WPF #TCICPC \W 0CEJÉF *GT\QI XQP #OCNHK !  WPF YGKVGTGP   #PIGJÌTKIGP FGU #FGNU FGU *GKNKIGP 4ÌOKUEJGP 4GKEJGU&GWVUEJGT0CVKQPCNUDGYW­VÌMWOGPKUEJCWUIGTKEJVGVG YGNVNKEJG#FGNUMQTRQTCVKQPIGITÒPFGV'TYKTFH·NUEJNKEJGTYGKUGUVGVUCNU*CWUQTFGPFGTJGT\QINKEJGP(COKNKGQFGT FGU*GT\QIVWOU5CEJUGP%QDWTI5CCNHGNFDG\GKEJPGVYGKNFGTTCPIJÌEJUVG)TÒPFGTGDGP4GIGPVFKGUGU*GT\QIVWOU YCT8QPDKU1TFGP\WT8GTVGKFKIWPIFGT'JTGFGT)ÌVVNKEJGP8QTJGTUGJWPIIGPCPPVJCVGTFKG $G\GKEJPWPI 1TFGPU-CRKVGN XQP 5V ,QCEJKO FGO IGDGPGFGKVGP 8CVGT FGT JGKNKIGP ,WPIHTCW /CTKC FGT /WVVGT   WPUGTGU *GTTP WPF *GKNCPFGU ,GUWU %JTKUVWU XWNIQ 5V ,QCEJKOU1TFGP  GTJCNVGP  YWTFG GT XQP -CKUGT   .GQRQNF++  DGUV·VKIVWPFKOGTUVGP8KGTVGNFGU0GWP\GJPVGP,CJTJWPFGTVUKUVGTGTNQUEJGP  

$GTÒJOVGUVGU /KVINKGF FGU 1TFGPU YCT FGT DTKVKUEJG 4GCT #FOKTCN *QTCVKQ 0GNUQP  8KUEQWPV 0GNUQP   UK\KNKCPKUEJGT *GT\QI XQP $TQPVG   OGJTHCEJG 5KGIGT ÒDGT FKG HTCP\ÌUKUEJG (NQVVG #DWMKT  WPF   6TCHCNICT   FGT FWTEJ $GUEJNW­ FGU )GPGTCNUMCRKVGNU XQO  5GRVGODGT  CNU -QOVWT KP FGP 1TFGP   CWHIGPQOOGP YWTFG WPF FGUUGP $TWUVUVGTP CWH \CJNTGKEJGP UGKPGT 2QTVTCKVU UQYKG CWH UGKPGT GTJCNVGPGP   1TKIKPCNWPKHQTO\WUGJGPKUV

&'765%*'5 -#+5'4 4'+%* 

%JKPC&GPMOÒP\G #WUICDG HÒT -·ORHGT $TQP\G QJPG $CPFTKPI WPF QJPG $CPF 0/    1'- ++

ex 161



162



ex 163

-QPXQNWVFGT%JKPCFGT5ÒFYGUVCHTKMCWPFFGT-QNQPKCN&GPMOÒP\G1TKIKPCNGWPF<YGKVCPHGTVK- IWPIGP=VC[NQT UEQRKGU?FGT/GFCKNNGPHÒT-·ORHGTCPPGWGP$·PFGTP\WUCOOGPOKVXKGTPGWGP)G- HGEJVUURCPIGP=HCMGU?&C\WGKPG/KPKCVWTFGT%JKPC&GPMOÒP\GCO$·PFEJGP 5VÒEM++





#D\GKEJGP HÒT /KNKV·T(NWI\GWIHÒJTGT #NVG <YGKVCPHGTVKIWPI FGU #D\GKEJGPU =VC[NQT U EQR[? 'KUGP-   DNGEJJQJNIGRT·IVWPFXGTUKNDGTVCP0CFGN ++





8GTYWPFGVGPCD\GKEJGPHÒTFCU*GGT8QNNUV·PFKIGT5CV\FGU)QNFGPGP5KNDGTPGPWPF5EJYCT\GP #D\GKEJGPU LGYGKNU 'KUGP XGTIQNFGV PCEJXGTIQNFGV!  XGTUKNDGTV QFGT NCEMKGTV FKG DGKFGP GTUVGP OKV   *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI&4)/WPVGTJCNDFGU0CFGNJCMGPULGYGKNUCP0CFGN0/CD E1'- 5VÒEM++



70


DEUTSCHES KAISERREICH

ex 164



166

165

8GTYWPFGVGPCD\GKEJGPHÒTFCU*GGT8QNNUV·PFKIGT5CV\FGU)QNFGPGP5KNDGTPGPWPF5EJYCT\GP #D\GKEJGPU KP FGT FWTEJDTQEJGPGP #WUHÒJTWPI /GUUKPIDNGEJ XGTIQNFGV D\Y XGTUKNDGTV 'KUGPDNGEJ   DTQP\KGTVLGYGKNUCP0CFGN0/CDE1'- 5VÒEM++





8GTYWPFGVGPCD\GKEJGP  HÒT FKG /CTKPG #D\GKEJGP KP 5EJYCT\ /GUUKPIDNGEJ NCEMKGTV .CEMKG   TWPIVNYXGTICPIGPCP0CFGN0/C1'- ++





/GFCKNNG*KNHGHÒT&GWVUEJG-TKGIUIGHCPIGPG$TQP\GXGTUKNDGTVCO$TWUVDCPFOKV$CPFTCJG ++



ex 168 167 (1:2)

ex 169



'KP\GNPG'RCWNGVVGGKPGU1DGTUVGPFGU-ÌPKINKEJ5·EJUKUEJGP)TGPCFKGT4GIKOGPV0T-CK- UGT9KNJGNO-ÌPKIXQP2TGW­GP)GVTCIGPLGFQEJKPQTFGPVNKEJGO<WUVCPF ++





-QPXQNWVXQP\YGKGKP\GNPGP5VCDUQHHK\KGTU5EJWNVGTUVÒEMGP 5EJWNVGTUVÒEMGKPGU1DGTUVGPYQJNFGU  1UVRTGW­KUEJGP +PHCPVGTKG4GIKOGPVU 0T  *GT\QI -CTN XQP /GEMNGPDWTI5VTGNKV\ LGFQEJ OKV   TQVGT7PVGTNCIG  5EJWNVGTUVÒEMGKPGU1DGTUVNGWVPCPVUFGU1UVRTGW­KUEJGP)TGPCFKGT4GIKOGPVU0T -TQPRTKP\)GVTCIGPLGFQEJKPQTFGPVNKEJGO<WUVCPF 5VÒEM++



-QPXQNWVXQPHÒPHGKP\GNPGP1HHK\KGTU5EJWNVGTUVÒEMGP 5EJWNVGTUVÒEMGKPGU1DGTNGWVPCPVUYQJNFGU  1UVRTGW­KUEJGP )TGPCFKGT4GIKOGPVU 0T  -TQPRTKP\ LGFQEJ OKV TQVGT 7PVGTNCIG    5EJWNVGT   UVÒEM GKPGU 1DGTNGWVPCPVU FGU  6JÒTKPIKUEJGP +PHCPVGTKG4GIKOGPVU 0T  5EJNCWHG DGJGNHUO·­KI   GTI·P\V 5EJWNVGTUVÒEMGKPGU1DGTNGWVPCPVUFGU)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ/GEMNGPDWTIKUEJGP(ÒUKNKGT4GIKOGPVU 0T  -CKUGT 9KNJGNO   5EJWNVGTUVÒEM GKPGU *CWRVOCPPU GKPGU  4GIKOGPVU   5EJWNVGTUVÒEM   GKPGURTGW­KUEJGP5VCDUCT\VGU)GVTCIGPLGFQEJKPQTFGPVNKEJGO<WUVCPF 5VÒEM+++++++



-QPXQNWV XQP \YGK GKP\GNPGP /CPPUEJCHVU5EJWNVGTMNCRRGP   -ÌPKINKEJ 5·EJUKUEJGU (GNFCTVKNNGTKG   4GIKOGPV 0T   -ÌPKINKEJ5·EJUKUEJGU+PHCPVGTKG4GIKOGPVU0T)GVTCIGPLGFQEJKPQT- FGPVNKEJGO<WUVCPF 5VÒEM++







71


WEIMARER REPUBLIK

&'765%*'54'+%*51)'09'+/#4'44'27$.+-

173 171





174

176

175

172

5EJNGUKUEJGU $GY·JTWPIUCD\GKEJGP UQIGP 5EJNGUKUEJGT #FNGT  #D\GKEJGP  5VWHG #WUHÒJTWPI   OKV UGRCTCV IGRT·IVGO /QPF WPF 5EJTKHVDCPF FKGUG OKV -NCOOGTP DGHGUVKIV $TQP\G 8GTUKNDGTWPI   PCJG\WXQNNUV·PFKIXGTICPIGPCP0CFGN1'- +++



$CNVGPMTGW\ FGU $CNVKUEJGP 0CVKQPCN#WUUEJWUUGU 5VGEMMTGW\ HNCEJG #WUHÒJTWPI $TQP\G 8GTUKNDG-   TWPI HCUV XQNNUV·PFKI XGTICPIGP #WHNCIG OKV *QJNPKGVGP DGHGUVKIV CP 0CFGN 0/  1'-    ++



(4'+-1425 

'JTGP\GKEJGP FGT $CNVKUEJGP .CPFYGJT 'JTGP\GKEJGP QJPG 5EJYGTV 4GFWMVKQP &WTEJOGUUGT    OO$TQP\GXGTUKNDGTVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCP5EJTCWDGOKV5EJTCWDUEJGKDG 44++





8GTFKGPUVCD\GKEJGPFGT++/CTKPGDTKICFG9KNJGNOUJCXGP /CTKPGDTKICFG'JTJCTFV ZOO XGTUKNDGTVCP0CFGN0/C1'- ++



51.&#6'070&8'6'4#0'08'4$0&' 



&GWVUEJGU 4GKEJ 5VCJNJGNO  $WPF FGT (TQPVUQNFCVGP 'KPVTKVVUCD\GKEJGP  6QODCM XGTUKNDGTV   WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG )TCXWT 8+ 0Q    CP 0CFGN 0/ E 1'-    ++



&GWVUEJGU4GKEJ5VCJNJGNO$WPFFGT(TQPVUQNFCVGP'KPVTKVVUCD\GKEJGPXGTUKNDGTVWPFGOCKN- NKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG )TCXWT 8+ 0Q    WPF 2WP\G # CP 0CFGN 0/ F   1'- ++



177

178

ex 179

181 180



&GWVUEJGU4GKEJ5VCJNJGNO$WPFFGT(TQPVUQNFCVGP'KPVTKVVUCD\GKEJGPXGTUKNDGTVWPFGOCKN- NKGTVCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG)TCXWT8+0QCP0CFGNFKGUGOKV2WP\G#0/K 1'- ++



&GWVUEJGU4GKEJ5VCJNJGNO$WPFFGT(TQPVUQNFCVGP'KPVTKVVUCD\GKEJGP5KNDGTGOCKNNKGTVCWH FGT4ÒEMUGKVG5KNDGTRWP\GWPF)TCXWT8+05CP0CFGN0/Q1'-  ++





&GWVUEJGU4GKEJ5VCJNJGNO(TCWGPDWPF /KVINKGFUCD\GKEJGPWPF#WUHÒJTWPILGYGKNUXGTUKN DGTVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCP0CFGNP*'CD 5VÒEM++





&GWVUEJGU 4GKEJ 'JTGPDWPF FGWVUEJGT 9GNVMTKGIUVGKNPGJOGT G 8 -TKGIUGJTGPMTGW\ OKV 5EJYGT   VGTP$TQP\GVNYGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPF0/0/8 ++





&GWVUEJGU 4GKEJ $WPFGJGOCNKIGT9GUVHQPVM·ORHGTG8 9GUVHTQPV'JTGPMTGW\$TQP\GXGTIQNFGV WPFGOCKNNKGTVCP0CFGN0/0/8 ++





72


WEIMARER REPUBLIK

182

186

184

185



0KEJVKFGPVKHK\KGTVGU5VGEMMTGW\$TQP\GXGTUKNDGTVWPFGOCKNNKGTVVNYXGTIQNFGVCP0CFGN



-QPXQNWVXQPUGEJU#WU\GKEJPWPIGPXQP5QNFCVGPXGTD·PFGP+PXGTUEJKGFGPGP/GVCNNGPVGKNUXGTIQN- FGVCPMQTTGMVGP$TWUVQFGT$QIGPD·PFGTPVGKNUOKV#WHNCIGPKPIWVGP'TJCNVWPIGP&C\WFTGK/KV- INKGFU#D\GKEJGPFGU5VCJNJGNO 5VÃ&#x2019;EM++





#PJCNV'JTGP\GKEJGPHÃ&#x2019;T8GTFKGPUVKO-TKGIGTXGTGKPUYGUGP'JTGP\GKEJGP-NCUUG$TQP\GXGTUKN- DGTVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOCNVGP$QIGPDCPF0/D0/8 ++





$CFGP $WPF $CFKUEJGT (TQPVUQNFCVGP KO &GWVUEJGP -TKGIGTDWPF  G 8 $CFKUEJGU (GNF   'JTGP\GKEJGP  $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO PKEJV MQTTGMVGP $TWUVDCPF FGT (GNF   FKGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI 0/C0/8 ++



*CODWTI &GWVUEJG (GNF'JTGP\GKEJGP G 8 (GNF'JTGP\GKEJGP $TQP\G XGTUKNDGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV   WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4Ã&#x2019;EMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC (NGEM  5QJP KP *CODWTI WPF   5EJWV\CPICDGCP&TCJV0CFGN0/0/8 ++





++



'ZGORNCTKPJGTXQTTCIGPFGT'TJCNVWPI

ex 187









189

190

191

192

1NFGPDWTI1NFGPDWTIGT-TKGIGTDWPFD\Y.CPFGU-TKGIGTXGTDCPF-QPXQNWVXQPECXGTUEJKG- FGPGP #D\GKEJGP 'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG #TODKPFGP WPF -TCP\UEJNGKHG VGKNU GOCKNNKGTV VGKNU CP 0CFGN   OKV2JQVQMQRKGPXQP5CV\WPIGVE0-8WPF 5VÃ&#x2019;EM++



1NFGPDWTI 1NFGPDWTIGT 5EJÃ&#x2019;V\GPDWPF -QPXQNWV XQP  )QNFGPGP WPF 5KNDGTPGP 'JTGPPCFGNP XQP   $G\KTMUOGKUVGTUEJCHVGP XGTIQNFGV QFGT XGTUKNDGTV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN &C\W -QRRGNUEJNQ­ OKV   1NFGPDWTIGT9CRRGP #NWOKPKWO WPF/Ã&#x2019;V\GPMTCP\OKV1NFGPDWTIGT-QMCTFG 5VÃ&#x2019;EM++



2TGW­GP 2TGW­KUEJGT .CPFGUMTKGIGTXGTDCPF -TKGIGTXGTGKPU'JTGPMTGW\ -TGW\  -NCUUG  #WU   HÃ&#x2019;JTWPI GOCKNNKGTV  $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF VNY GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4Ã&#x2019;EMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI   FGT (KTOC * 6KOO KP $GTNKP CP 0CFGN KO QTKIKPCNGP UEJYCT\ DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK 0/   D0-8 ++



2TGW­GP 2TGW­KUEJGT .CPFGUMTKGIGTXGTDCPF -TKGIGTXGTGKPU'JTGPMTGW\ -TGW\  -NCUUG #WUHÃ&#x2019;J   TWPIHÃ&#x2019;T(TCWGP  $TQP\GXGTUKNDGTVKPFGT¤UG*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPIFGT(KTOC*6KOOKP$GTNKP CPFGTQTKIKPCNGPCNVGP&COGPUEJNGKHG0/E0-8XCT ++



+PFGT6TCIGYGKUGHÃ&#x2019;T(TCWGPXQPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV





2TGW­GP 8GTGKPKIWPI 2TGW­KUEJGT -TKGIUVGKNPGJOGT KO &GWVUEJGP -TKGIGTDWPF  G 8   2TGW­KUEJGU -TKGIUGTKPPGTWPIUMTGW\ HÃ&#x2019;T -·ORHGT 5KNDGTPG #WUHÃ&#x2019;JTWPI $TQP\G XGTUKNDGTV VNY XGT   IQNFGVGOCKNNKGTVCOPKEJVMQTTGMVGP$CPF0/E0/8 ++



2TGW­GP 8GTGKPKIWPI 2TGW­KUEJGT -TKGIUVGKNPGJOGT KO &GWVUEJGP -TKGIGTDWPF  G 8   2TGW­KUEJGU'JTGPMTGW\-NCUUGOKV5EJYGTVGTP#WUHÃ&#x2019;JTWPI -TCP\OKVFWTEJDTQEJGPGT5EJNGKHG -TGW\UKNDGTHCTDGP $TQP\GXGTUKNDGTVVNYXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCP0CFGN0/C ++

 73


WEIMARER REPUBLIK

194

193

197 ex 195

196



2TGW­GP5EJNGUKGP0CVKQPCNCWUUEJW­&GWVUEJGT8QNMUQTFGPG8&GWVUEJ$GMGPPVPKUMTGW\-NCUUG #WUHÒJTWPI KP(QTOGKPGU)GQTIU-TGW\GU $TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTV4GRCTCVWTKPFGTTQVGP 'OCKNNGCOUR·VGTGP$CPFCDUEJPKVV0/D0/8 ++





.CPIGPOCTEM-TGW\ FGU  4GUGTXG-TQRRU )TÒPGU -QTRU -ÌNP  8GTUKNDGTV CP 0CFGN 0/   C0/8 ++





5CEJUGP5·EJUKUEJGT/KNKV·T8GTGKPU$WPF  'JTGPMTGW\HÒTL·JTKIG/KVINKGFUEJCHV #WUHÒJTWPI OKV 5/8$  CD   $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GT   UVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC )NCUGT  5QJP KP &TGUFGP CP 2GPVCIQPCN$CPFURCPIG OKV CWHIGNGIVGT    KO -TCP\ CP 0CFGN 0/8  QFGT  &C\W #D\GKEJGP FGU 5·EJUKUEJGP /KNKV·T 8GTGKPU   5EJÌPDCEJXGTIQNFGVVNYXGTUKNDGTVCP2GPVCIQPCN$CPFURCPIG ++



5CEJUGP $WPF 5·EJUKUEJGT (TQPVUQNFCVGP KO &GWVUEJGP -TKGIGTDWPF  G8 5·EJUKUEJGU   -TKGIU'JTGPMTGW\-NCUUG#WUHÒJTWPIOKVGOCKNNKGTVGT4ÒEMUGKVGCOPKEJVMQTTGMVGP$CPF0/ H0/8 ++



5CEJUGP'JTGPDWPF5·EJUKUEJGT9GNVMTKGIU6GKNPGJOGTG8%JGOPKV\)QNFGPGU'JTGPMTGW\OKV 5EJYGTVGTP$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVCOPGWGPLGFQEJMQTTGMVGP$CPF0/D0-8 ++







198







74

199

200

5CEJUGP 'JTGPDWPF 5·EJUKUEJGT 9GNVMTKGIU6GKNPGJOGT G 8  -COGTCFUEJCHVUDWPF &GWVUEJGT   1UV WPF 9GUVHTQPV-·ORHGT G 8 %JGOPKV\ 8GTFWP-TGW\  #WUHÒJTWPI OKV GKPIG   UEJPKVVGPGP -TGW\CTOGPFGP $TQP\G XGTUKNDGTV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI   FGT (KTOC (NGEM  5QJP KP *CODWTI CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF OKV CWHIGNGIVGP 5EJYGTVGTP 0/   C0-8 ++



5CEJUGP 'JTGPDWPF 5·EJUKUEJGT 9GNVMTKGIU6GKNPGJOGT G 8  -COGTCFUEJCHVUDWPF &GWVUEJGT   1UV WPF 9GUVHTQPV-·ORHGT G 8 %JGOPKV\ #TIQPPGP-TGW\  $TQP\G XGTUKNDGTV WPF   GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC (NGEM  5QJP KP *CODWTI CO PGWGP   $TWUVDCPFOKVCWHIGNGIVGP5EJYGTVGTP0/D0-8 ++



5CEJUGP 'JTGPDWPF 5·EJUKUEJGT 9GNVMTKGIU6GKNPGJOGT G 8  -COGTCFUEJCHVUDWPF &GWVUEJGT   1UV WPF 9GUVHTQPV-·ORHGT G 8 %JGOPKV\ 5QOOG-TGW\  #WUHÒJTWPI OKV GKPIG   UEJPKVVGPGP -TGW\CTOGPFGP $TQP\G XGTUKNDGTV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI   FGT (KTOC (NGEM  5QJP KP *CODWTI WPF 5EJWV\CPICDG CO CNVGP &TGKGEMUDCPF OKV CWHIGNGIVGP   5EJYGTVGTP0/E0-8 ++




DANZIG

203

ex 202

204

201









5CEJUGP 'JTGPDWPF 5·EJUKUEJGT 9GNVMTKGIU6GKNPGJOGT G 8  -COGTCFUEJCHVUDWPF &GWVUEJGT   1UVWPF9GUVHTQPV-·ORHGTG8%JGOPKV\%JCORCIPG-TGW\#WUHÒJTWPIOKVTWPFGP -TGW\CTOGPFGP $TQP\G XGTUKNDGTV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC   (NGEM  5QJP KP *CODWTI WPF 5EJWV\CPICDG CO CNVGP $TWUVDCPF OKV CWHIGNGIVGP 5EJYGTVGTP 0/   F0-8 ++



5CEJUGP-QPXQNWVXQP#WU\GKEJPWPIGPWPF#D\GKEJGPFGU5·EJUKUEJGP.CPFGUMTKGIGTXGTDCPFGU WPF CPFGTGT 8GTD·PFG GVE +P XGTUEJKGFGPGP /GVCNNGP VGKNU XGTIQNFGV VGKNU XGTUKNDGTV CP $·PFGTP   QFGTOKV0CFGNKPIWVGP'TJCNVWPIGP 5VÒEM++



5CEJUGP#NVGPDWTI'JTGP\GKEJGPHÒT8GTFKGPUVGKO-TKGIGTXGTGKPUYGUGP$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVGOCKN- NKGTVCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPIFGT(KTOC*EJ6KOOKP$GTNKPCOOÌINKEJGTYGKUGPKEJV MQTTGMVGP$TWUVDCPF0-8 44++



5CEJUGP9GKOCT 9GKOCTKUEJGT -TKGIGT WPF /KNKV·TXGTGKPUDWPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP HÒT /KVINKGF   UEJCHV'JTGP\GKEJGPHÒT/KVINKGFULCJTGITÌ­GT#WUHÒJTWPI$TQP\GXGTUKNDGTVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCP0CFGN CWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPIFGT(KTOC4%QPTCFKP9GKOCTCP0CFGN0-8 ++



207

ex 205 206

24'755'0(4'+56##670&4'27$.+-   

(GWGTYGJT'JTGP\GKEJGP FGU 2TGW­KUEJGP .CPFGUHGWGTYGJTXGTDCPFGUHÒT8GTFKGPUVGWOFCU(GW- GTNÌUEJYGUGP/QFGNN  )QNFGPGUWPF5KNDGTPGU'JTGP\GKEJGPHÒTWPFHÒT&KGPUV- LCJTG $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV D\Y XGTUKNDGTV LGYGKNU VNY GOCKNNKGTV LGYGKNU CP 5EJPCNNG OKV $QIGPDCPF   '( 5VÒEM++



6*ª4+0)'0.#0&   

'JTGP\GKEJGP FGU 6JÒTKPIKUEJGP .CPFGUXGTGKPU XQO 4QVGP -TGW\ 8GTUKNDGTV VNY GOCKNNKGTV CO   PKEJVMQTTGMVGPMWT\GP$CPF5/6 ++



&#0<+)(4'+'56#&6   7PVGT-CV0TDKGVGPYKT+JPGPGKPGITQ­G1TFGPUUEJPCNNGOKVGKPGO&CP\KIGT-TGW\-NCUUGCP



(NCM'TKPPGTWPIUCD\GKEJGP FGT 5VCFV &CP\KI *QJN IGRT·IV XGTUKNDGTV DTQUEJKGTV OKV *GTUVGNNGTDG-   \GKEJPWPIFGT(KTOC5WORHW5QJPKP&CP\KI0/1'- 44++  75


NACHLASS HERMANN BALCK

&'765%*'54'+%*51)'0&4+66'54'+%* 5QNCPIG UKEJ -WPFG WPF 8GTM·WHGT PKEJV IGIGPVGKNKI ·W­GTP XGTUKEJGTP UKG FC­ UKG )GIGPUV·PFG   WPF $ÒEJGT CWU FGT <GKV FGU &GWVUEJGP 4GKEJGU XQP  DKU  PWT \W <YGEMGP FGT   UVCCVUDÒTIGTNKEJGP#WHMN·TWPIFGT#DYGJTXGTHCUUWPIUYKFTKIGT$GUVTGDWPIGPFGT-WPUVQFGTFGT 9KUUGPUEJCHV FGT (QTUEJWPI QFGT FGT .GJTG FGT $GTKEJVGTUVCVVWPI ÒDGT 8QTI·PIG FGU <GKV   IGUEJGJGPUQFGTFGT)GUEJKEJVGQFGT·JPNKEJGP<YGEMGPGTYGTDGP&KGUG)GIGPUV·PFGWPF$ÒEJGT YGTFGPITWPFU·V\NKEJPWTWPVGTFKGUGP8QTCWUUGV\WPIGPCPIGDQVGPWPFCDIGIGDGP   5QOKV UVGNNV FGT 'TYGTD XQP )GIGPUV·PFGP WPF $ÒEJGTP CWU FKGUGT <GKV WPVGT FGP QDGP CWH   IGHÒJTVGP8QTCWUUGV\WPIGPIGO·­FGThhC#DUD\Y#DU5V)$MGKPGP5VTCHVCVDGUVCPF KO 5KPPG FGU h C #DU  5V)$ FCT 7PVGT FKGUGP 7OUV·PFGP KUV GU CNUQ ITWPFU·V\NKEJ GTNCWDV   1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP FKG KP h  #DU  )GUGV\ ÒDGT 6KVGN 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP PKEJV   CWHIGHÒJTV UKPF UQYKG #D\GKEJGP OKV PCVKQPCNUQ\KCNKUVKUEJGP 'ODNGOGP \W XGTMCWHGP WPF \W   GTYGTDGP WPF FKGU GPVIGIGP FGP $GUVKOOWPIGP FGU h  #DU  )GUGV\ ÒDGT 6KVGN 1TFGP WPF   'JTGP\GKEJGP   &GUJCND JCV FGT $WPFGUOKPKUVGT FGT ,WUVK\ OKV 5EJTGKDGP  ++  XQO    FGOUGKPGT\GKVKIGP8QTUKV\GPFGPFGU$WPFGUFGWVUEJGT1TFGPUUCOONGTG8CWUFTÒEMNKEJGTMN·TV FC­ FGT 'TYGTD XQP 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP CWU FGT <GKV FGU UQIGPCPPVGP &TKVVGP 4GKEJGU   FWTEJ GTPUVJCHVG WPF QTICPKUKGTVG 5COONGT OKV FGO <KGN FKGUGP )GIGPUVCPF KP GKPG 5COONWPI   GKP\WHÒIGPMGKPGP5VTCHVCVDGUVCPFKO5KPPGFGU)GUGV\GUFCTUVGNNV    9KT YGKUGP FCTCWH JKP FCUU KP FKGUGO -CVCNQI FCU *CMGPMTGW\ CNU 5[ODQN FGU 0CVKQPCNUQ\KCNKUOWU   WPMGPPVNKEJIGOCEJVYWTFG

0#%*.#55&'5)'0'4#.5&'42#0<'464722'*'4/#00$#.%-  

9KTHTGWGPWPUFCUUYKT+JPGPKPFKGUGO-CVCNQIPKEJVPWTFGP 1TFGPWPF7TMWPFGP0CEJNCUUFGURTGW­KUEJGP)GPGTCNNGWVPCPVU 9KNNKCO $CNEM .QUPWOOGTP     UQPFGTP CWEJ GKPGP 6GKN   FGU #WU\GKEJPWPIU WPF &QMWOGPVGPPCEJNCUUGU UGKPGU 5QJPGU   *GTOCPP $CNEM   )GPGTCN FGT 2CP\GTVTWRRG WPF   $TKNNCPVGPVT·IGTCPDKGVGPMÌPPGP  

&KG KP FGP HQNIGPFGP -CVCNQIPWOOGTP 0TP   CP   IGDQVGPGP 5VÒEMG FGU 0CEJNCUUGU UVCOOGP CNNG FKTGMV CWU FGT   (COKNKGFGU6T·IGTUWPFYWTFGPPKEJVCPFGTYGKVKIGTI·P\V 



)GQTI 1VVQ *GTOCPP $CNEM YWTFG CO  &G\GODGT  KP   &CP\KI.CPIHWJT CNU GKP\KIGT 5QJP FGU RTGW­KUEJGP *CWRVOCPPU   WPF.GJTGTUCPFGT-TKGIUUEJWNGKP&CP\KI WPFUR·VGTGP)GPGTCN NGWVPCPVU WPF 2QWT NG O¾TKVG6T·IGTU  9KNNKCO $CNEM    WPFFGUUGP'JGHTCW/CVJKNFGIGD,GPUGPIGDQTGP 



0CEJ UGKPGO #DKVWT VTCV GT  CNU (CJPGPLWPMGT KP FCU    *CPPQXGTUEJG,·IGT$CVCKNNQP0TKP)QUNCTGKP&KGYGKVGTGP 5EJTKVVGUGKPGTOKNKV·TKUEJGP-CTTKGTG  (·JPTKEJ #WIWUV  .GWVPCPV WPF UVGNNX $CVCKNNQPU#FLWVCPV  -QORCPKGHÒJTGT FCPP   (ÒJTGTFGU,CIFMQOOCPFQU$CNEMFGT-CXCNNGTKG&KXKUKQP(ÒJTGTGKPGT/)-QORCPKG (ÒJTGTFGT-QORCPKGFGU,·IGT$CVCKNNQPU  

0CEJ #WUDTWEJ FGU 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIU JCV GT CO (GNF\WI KP (TCPMTGKEJ WPF $GNIKGP VGKNIGPQOOGP   UR·VGTYCTGTKP2QNGPFGT7MTCKPGWPFKP5GTDKGPGKPIGUGV\VCDKP4WO·PKGPKP5KGDGP DÒTIGP WPF KP /QNFCW UR·VGT CP FGT +VCNKGPHTQPV KP FGP #NRGP  M·ORHVG GT KP (NCPFGTP WPF   UEJNKG­NKEJ KP /C\GFQPKGP 5GTDKGP WPF 7PICTP 9·JTGPF FGU -TKGIGU GTNKVV GT \CJNTGKEJG 8GTYWP   FWPIGPWPFGTJKGNVFKGKO(QNIGPFGPCWHIGHÒJTVGP#WU\GKEJPWPIGP 

76


NACHLASS HERMANN BALCK

#WU\GKEJPWPIGPCWUFGO9GNVMTKGI  

8GTNGKJWPIUFCVWO

#WU\GKEJPWPI

5KGJG.QUPWOOGT



'-++ $C[GTKUEJGT/KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVQTFGP -NOKV5EJYGTVGTP '-+ ¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJGU/KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ -NCUUGOKVFGT-TKGIUFGMQTCVKQP 4KVVGTMTGW\OKV5EJYGTVGTPFGU-ÌPKINKEJGP *CWUQTFGPUXQP*QJGP\QNNGTP )QNFGPGU8GTYWPFGVGPCD\GKEJGP 'KPTGKEJWPI\WO1TFGPRQWTNGO¾TKVG \WFGUUGP8GTNGKJWPIGUCDGTCWHITWPFFGU -TKGIUGPFGPKEJVOGJTIGMQOOGPKUV

ņ ņ   ņ  ņ   ņ  

      1MVQDGT



 &G\GODGT  'KPVTKVV CNU (TGKYKNNKIGT KO )TGP\UEJWV\ 1UV  'KPVTKVV CNU .GWVPCPV KP FKG   4GKEJUYGJT1DGTNGWVPCPV4KVVOGKUVGT/CLQTWPF-QOOCPFGWTFGU4CFHCJT$CVCKNNQPU 6KNUKV1DGTUVNGWVPCPV-QOOCPFGWTFGU5EJÒV\GP4GIKOGPVUFGT2CP\GTFKXKUKQP 6GKNPCJOG CO UQIGP 9GUVHGNF\WI KO 0QTFQUVGP (TCPMTGKEJU FCPCEJ 1DGTUV WPF -QOOCPFGWT FGU   2CP\GT4GIKOGPVU  KP 9KGP  6GKNPCJOG CO UQIGP $CNMCP(GNF\WI  )GPGTCNOCLQT WPF    -QOOCPFGWT FGT  2CP\GT&KXKUKQP 'KPUCV\ CP FGT 1UVHTQPV DGK 5OQNGPUM CO &QP WPF CP FGT   9QNIC  )GPGTCNNGWVPCPV WPF OKV FGT 2CP\GTITGPCFKGT&KXKUKQP )TQ­FGWVUEJNCPF CNU FGTGP   -QOOCPFGWTYGKVGTJKP'KPUCV\CPFGT1UVHTQPVFCPP-QOOCPFGWTFGU:+82CP\GTMQTRUDGK5CNGTPQKP +VCNKGP FCPCEJ )GPGTCN FGT 2CP\GTVTWRRGP WPF MQOOCPFKGTGPFGT )GPGTCN \WP·EJUV FGU :::: WPF   FCPPFGU::::8+++2CP\GTMQTRUCPFGT1UVHTQPVKPFGT7MTCKPG.GKVWPIFGT(TQPVKP5ÒFRQNGP UR·VGT 1DGTDGHGJN ÒDGT FKG #TOGGITWRRG UR·VGT *GGTGUITWRRG  ) CP FGT 9GUVHTQPV KP 'NUC­  .QVJTKPIGPWPF'PFGFGU,CJTGU.GKVWPIFGU#TOGGQDGTMQOOCPFQUKP7PICTP/CK4ÒEM\WIKP FKG 5VGKGTOCTM UEJNKG­NKEJ JKPVGT FKG CNVG 4GKEJUITGP\G -CRKVWNCVKQP WPF COGTKMCPKUEJG -TKGIU   IGHCPIGPUEJCHV  #WU\GKEJPWPIGPXQTWPFY·JTGPFFGU<YGKVGP9GNVMTKGIGU  

8GTNGKJWPIUFCVWO

#WU\GKEJPWPI

5KGJG.QUPWOOGT





'JTGPMTGW\FGU9GNVMTKGIU HÒT(TQPVM·ORHGT &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPIFGT9GJTOCEJV WPF-NCUUG &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPIFGT9GJTOCEJV-NCUUG 5RCPIG\WO'-++ 5RCPIG\WO'-+ #WHPCJOGKPFCU'JTGPDWEJFGU*GGTGU 4KVVGTMTGW\FGU'KUGTPGP-TGW\GU $WNICTKUEJGT6CRHGTMGKVUQTFGP+++-NCUUG +5VWHGOKV5EJYGTVGTP 'KEJGPNCWD\WO4KVVGTMTGW\FGU 'KUGTPGP-TGW\GU 'KEJGPNCWDOKV5EJYGTVGTP\WO4KVVGTMTGW\ FGU'KUGTPGP-TGW\GU 'KEJGPNCWDOKV5EJYGTVGTPWPF$TKNNCPVGP \WO4KVVGTMTGW\FGU'KUGTPGP-TGW\GU

ņ  ņ  ņ ņ ņ ņ WPF   ņ     



QFGT YQJN YQJN   /CK      

<WGKPGODKUJGTPKEJVDGMCPPVGP<GKVRWPMVJCVGTFCU2CP\GTMCORH#D\GKEJGPKP$TQP\GGTJCNVGP





8INCWEJ#WVGPITWDGT/KEJCGNWPF(GFGT-NCWU*$TKNNCPVGPHÒTFGP)GPGTCNņ)GPGTCNFGT2CP\GT VTWRRG*GTOCPP$CNEM  +P/KNKVCTKC,CJTICPI*GHV5GRVGODGT1MVQDGT 

77


NACHLASS HERMANN BALCK

3:1

208



'KEJGPNCWD OKV 5EJYGTVGTP WPF $TKNNCPVGP \WO 4KVVGTMTGW\ FGU 'KUGTPGP -TGW\GU    5QIGPCPPVGU$5VÃ&#x2019;EM5KNDGTDGUGV\VOKV¯LQWTIGHC­VGP5KOKNKUVGKPGPZ 5EJYGTVGT  D\Y  'KEJGPNCWD  OO &KEMG  OO  I CWH FGT 4Ã&#x2019;EMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G - FGT (KTOC   1VVQ-NGKPKP*CPCW5VCFVRWP\GXQP*CPCWWPU5KNDGTRWP\GOKV$CPFTKPI-&110/ '- +++  'U JCPFGNV UKEJ JKGTDGK WO GKP\YGKHGNUHTGKQTKIKPCNGUUQIGPCPPVGU$5VÃ&#x2019;EMQFGT6TCIG'ZGORNCTFCU)GPGTCN FGT2CP\GTVTWRRG*GTOCPP$CNEMCO#WIWUVXGTNKGJGPDGMQOOGPJCV'UGPVURTKEJVKPCNNGP&GVCKNUFGP DGK &KGVTKEJ /CGT\ KP /4& 5HH  CDIGDKNFGVGP 'ZGORNCTGP &CU UQIGPCPPVG #5VÃ&#x2019;EM FKG #WUHÃ&#x2019;JTWPI KP   2NCVKPOKVGEJVGP$TKNNCPVGPKUVNGKFGTXGTUEJQNNGP  

$CNEMJCVFKG$TKNNCPVGPCNU6T·IGTGTJCNVGPY·JTGPFGTCNU)GPGTCNFGT2CP\GTVTWRRGUGKVFGO#WIWUV PQEJ UVGNNXGTVTGVGPF HÃ&#x2019;T FGP 'PFG ,WNK  CDDGTWHGPGP )GPGTCN ,QUGH *CTRG  OKVFGT(Ã&#x2019;JTWPIFGT 2CP\GT#TOGGKPFGT*GGTGUITWRRG0QTFWMTCKPGDGCWHVTCIVYCT  

0CEJFGOFKGUQYLGVKUEJGP6TWRRGPFGT7MTCKPKUEJGP(TQPVFGT4QVGP#TOGG#PHCPI#WIWUVKP5Ã&#x2019;FRQNGP FWTEJFKG(TQPVNKPKGIGDTQEJGPYCTGPUVGNNVGUKEJKJPGPFKGFGWVUEJG2CP\GT#TOGGWPVGTFGO-QOOCPFQXQP )GPGTCN $CNEM DGK $CTCPÃ&#x2030;Y 5CPFQOKGTUMK KP 5Ã&#x2019;FQUVRQNGP CP FGT 9GKEJUGN IGNGIGP  WPF $TQF[ KP FGT 7MTCKPG    GPVIGIGP WPF UVQRRVG FKG XQTTÃ&#x2019;EMGPFGP UQYLGVKUEJGP 6TWRRGP 'U IGNCPI FGT  #TOGG FGP )GIPGT YGKV JKPVGT   FGUUGP #WUICPIUUVGNNWPIGP \WTÃ&#x2019;EM\WYGTHGP WPF KJO JQJG 8GTNWUVG DGK\WDTKPIGP YQOKV FKG GTUVG QHHGPUKX   FWTEJIGUEJNCIGPG #DYGJTUEJNCEJV CP FGT 9GKEJUGN UKGITGKEJ DGGPFGV YGTFGP MQPPVG +P GKPGT 'TI·P\WPI \WO   9GJTOCEJVUDGTKEJVXQO5GRVGODGTNKGUVUKEJFCUYKGHQNIV  

+O9GKEJUGNDTÃ&#x2019;EMGPMQRHYGUVNKEJ$CTCPQYJCDGPFKGWPVGTFGO1DGTDGHGJNFGU)GPGTCNUFGT2CP\GTVTWRRG $CNEM WPF FGO $GHGJN FGT )GPGTCNG FGT 2CP\GTVTWRRG $TGKVJ WPF )T·UGT UQYKG FGU )GPGTCNU FGT +PHCPVGTKG   4GEMPCIGNUVGJGPFGP6TWRRGPKOXGTICPIGPGP/QPCVFGP&WTEJDTWEJOCUUKGTVGTUQYLGVKUEJGT-T·HVGXGTGKVGNVWPF FGP HGKPFNKEJGP $TÃ&#x2019;EMGPMQRH FWTEJ GTHQNITGKEJG )GIGPCPITKHHG GKPIGGPIV  &GT (GKPF GTNKVV UEJYGTGT 8GTNWUVG CP   /GPUEJGPWPF/CVGTKCN8QO#WIWUVDKU5GRVGODGTYWTFGP2CP\GTWPF5VWTOIGUEJÃ&#x2019;V\G)GUEJÃ&#x2019;V\G CNNGT -CNKDGT XGTPKEJVGV QFGT GTDGWVGV WPF  )GHCPIGPG GKPIGDTCEJV  (NKGIGPFG 8GTD·PFG WPF (NCMGKPJGKVGP   GKPGT .WHVHNQVVG WPVGT (Ã&#x2019;JTWPI XQP )GPGTCNQDGTUV 4KVVGT XQP )TGKO XGTPKEJVGVGP  YGKVGTG 5QYLGVRCP\GT    )GUEJÃ&#x2019;V\GUQYKGÃ&#x2019;DGT(CJT\GWIGCNNGT#TVWPFUEJQUUGP(NWI\GWIGCD 8IN2GVGT5VQEMGTVKP56595 WPF(TCP\6JQOCUWPF)Ã&#x2019;PVGT9GIOCPPKP4-5HHYKMKRGFKC  

&KGITQ­G7TMWPFG\WT8GTNGKJWPIFKG$CNEMGDGPHCNNUGTJCNVGPJCVKUVDGK#PIQNKC KP#)15 CDIGDKNFGV  5EJQP GKPGP 6CI PCEJ FGT 8GTNGKJWPI CNUQ CO  5GRVGODGT  YWTFG $CNEM \WO 1DGTDGHGJNUJCDGT FGT    2CP\GT#TOGG GTPCPPV WPF CO5GRVGODGTCNUPGWGT1DGTDGHGJNUJCDGTFGT#TOGGITWRRG UR·VGT*GGTGUITWRRG  )CPFKG9GUVHTQPVKP'NUC­.QVJTKPIGPXGTUGV\V

78


NACHLASS HERMANN BALCK

3:1

209



'KEJGPNCWD OKV 5EJYGTVGTP \WO 4KVVGTMTGW\ FGU 'KUGTPGP -TGW\GU  #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC   )GDTÒFGT)QFGVKP$GTNKP6[R5KNDGTZ 5EJYGTVGT D\Y 'KEJGPNCWD OO&KEMG OOCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVGNKPMUFGU$CPFTKPIGU5KNDGTRWP\GWPFTGEJVUFGU$CPFTKPIGU2WP\G 5KNDGT WPF *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G . KO 4GEJVGEM  FGT (KTOC )GDTÒFGT )QFGV OKV $CPFTKPI -&1   0/1'- ++  'UJCPFGNVUKEJJKGTDGKWOGKP\YGKHGNUHTGKQTKIKPCNGU'ZGORNCTFCU)GPGTCNNGWVPCPV UGKV,CPWCT *GTOCPP $CNEM CO  /·T\  XGTNKGJGP DGMQOOGP JCV 'U GPVURTKEJV KP CNNGP &GVCKNU FGO DGK /CGT\ KP/4&5H  CDIGDKNFGVGP 'ZGORNCT 'T JCV FKG 5EJYGTVGT CNU  6T·IGT CNU -QOOCPFGWT FGT  2CP\GT&KXKUKQP UGKV FGO   #WIWUV GTJCNVGPOKVFGTGTCPFGT1UVHTQPVGKPIGUGV\VYCT  

+O (GDTWCT  PCEJ FGP #DYGJTM·ORHGP WO 4QUVQYCO&QPPCJOFKG&KXKUKQPWPVGTUGKPGO-QOOCPFQCP GKPGT)GIGPQHHGPUKXGIGIGPFKG9QTQPGUEJGT(TQPVFGT4QVGP#TOGGVGKN'UIGNCPIFGPFGWVUEJGP8GTD·PFGPFKG MT·HVGO·­KI FGWVNKEJ ÒDGTNGIGPG UQYLGVKUEJG 5VQ­#TOGG WPVGT )GPGTCNNGWVPCPV /CTMKCP /KEJCKNQYKVUEJ 2QRQY  

 KO4CWO$CTYGPMQYQKPFGTÌUVNKEJGP7MTCKPGGKP\WMGUUGNPWPF\WXGTPKEJVGP(ÒTFKG<GTUEJNCIWPI FKGUGT5VQ­#TOGGWPFFGPFCDGKGT\KGNVGPCW­GTQTFGPVNKEJJQJGP2CP\GTCDUEJÒUUGPJCV$CNEMCO/·T\FCU 'KEJGPNCWDOKV5EJYGTVGTP\WO4KVVGTMTGW\FGU'KUGTPGP-TGW\GUGTJCNVGP  

5EJQP CO HQNIGPFGP 6CI FGO  /·T\ YWTFG GT KP FKG (ÒJTGTTGUGTXG FGU 1DGTMQOOCPFQU FGU *GGTGU XGTUGV\V   LGFQEJ PQEJ Y·JTGPF UGKPGT *GKOHCJTV OKV FGT UVGNNXGTVTGVGPFGP (ÒJTWPI FGT 2CP\GTITGPCFKGT&KXKUKQP   )TQ­FGWVUEJNCPF DGCWHVTCIV &KGUGU -QOOCPFQ VTCV GT CO  #RTKN  CP 8IN 2GVGT 5VQEMGTV KP 5659 5   WPF(TCP\6JQOCUWPF)ÒPVGT9GIOCPPKP4-5HHYKMKRGFKC 

79


NACHLASS HERMANN BALCK

210 (1:1)

210



4KVVGTMTGW\FGU'KUGTPGP-TGW\GU#PHGTVKIWPIFGT(KTOC%',WPEMGT'ZGORNCTFGTYQJN (GTVKIWPIUUGTKG CWU FGO GTUVGP &TKVVGN FGU ,CJTGU   Z  OO 'KUGPMGTP   IGUEJY·T\V   <CTIG 0GWUKNDGT MGKP 5KNDGT   I QJPG 2WP\KGTWPI CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG KO IGTKHHGNVGP 4CPF FGT   <CTIG FGWVNKEJG FWTEJ FGP -TCIGPMPQRH FGT 7PKHQTO XGTWTUCEJVGT #DTKGD GDGPUQ KP FGT /KVVG FGU   (GNFGU FGU TÒEMUGKVKIGP QDGTGP -TGW\CTOU \WUCOOGP OKV FGO QTKIKPCNGP MQPHGMVKQPKGTVGP WPF   IGVTCIGPGP *CNUDCPF OKV \YGK $·PFGTP \WO <WUCOOGPDKPFGP -&1  0/ C 1'-   XCT 44++  &CU4KVVGTMTGW\JCV$CNEMCNU1DGTUVNGWVPCPVWPF-QOOCPFGWT UGKVFGO FGU5EJÒV\GP4GIKOGPVUFGT 2CP\GT&KXKUKQP2CP\GTITWRRG-NGKUV#TOGGFGT#TOGGITWRRG$GTJCNVGP  

&CU'ZGORNCTGPVURTKEJVKPCNNGP&GVCKNUFGODGK&KGVTKEJ/CGT\ KP/4& CDIGDKNFGVGP'ZGORNCTFCUUGKPGP #PICDGP \WHQNIG CO  /CK  CP )GPGTCNNGWVPCPV 2GNNGPICJT -QOOCPFGWT FGT  +PHCPVGTKG&KXKUKQP XGT   NKGJGPYQTFGPKUV$GUQPFGTUFKGHÒTCNNG,WPEMGT'ZGORNCTGV[RKUEJGPªDGTMTGW\WPIGPFGT.KPKGPFGT4KHHGNWPIGP KPFGPFCU*CMGPMTGW\WOIGDGPFGP'EMGPFGT<CTIGP$QTFKGTWPICWHFGT8QTFGTUGKVGHKPFGPUKEJCWEJDGKFGOJKGT CPIGDQVGPGP 5VÒEM #WH FGP 5GKVGP HH HÒJTV /CGT\ CWU FC­ FKG CNNGTGTUVGP XQP ,WPEMGT IGHGTVKIVGP 'ZGORNCTG   PCEJYGKUDCT \WP·EJUV YGFGT ÒDGT GKPGP 'KUGPMGTP PQEJ ÒDGT GKPG 5KNDGT\CTIG XGTHÒIVGP WPF FGUJCND CWEJ PKEJV   RWP\KGTV YCTGP  WPF CWEJ FKG GVYCU UR·VGTGP #PHGTVKIWPIGP \YCT KP\YKUEJGP GKPGP 'KUGPMGTP JCVVGP FKG FKGUGP   WOIGDGPFG<CTIGCDGTKOOGTPQEJKP0GWUKNDGTCWUIGHÒJTVYCTWPFUQOKVCWEJYGKVGTJKPMGKPG2WP\GCWHYKGU<WT #WUICDG XQP 'ZGORNCTGP OKV 'KUGPMGTP WPF IGRWP\VGT 5KNDGT\CTIG UEJGKPV GU YQJN GTUV KO 8GTNCWH FGT \YGKVGP   ,CJTGUJ·NHVGFGU,CJTGUIGMQOOGP\WUGKP  

9·JTGPF FGU UQIGP 9GUVHGNF\WIU FWTEJDTCEJ $CNEMU 4GIKOGPV KO /CK  DGK /CTVGNCPIG CP FGT DGNIKUEJ  NWZGODWTIKUEJGP )TGP\G FKG DGNIKUEJG 8GTVGKFKIWPI TÒEMVG ÒDGT FCU DGNIKUEJG $QWKNNQP PCEJ (TCPMTGKEJ DKU   %JCIP[1OQPV XQT YQDGK GU FKG $GHGUVKIWPIUCPNCIGP FGT 8GTN·PIGTWPI FGT /CIKPQV.KPKG FWTEJDTCEJ WPF CNU   GTUVGUFGWVUEJGU4GIKOGPVFKG/CCUÒDGTSWGTVG*KGTHÒTYWTFG$CNEMCO/CKOKVFGT5RCPIG\WO '-++WPFCO/CKOKVFGT5RCPIG\WO'-+CWUIG\GKEJPGV  

&KG8GTNGKJWPIU$GITÒPFWPINKGUVUKEJYKGHQNIV&WTEJDTWEJDGK/CTVGNCPIG8GTHQNIWPICWH$QWKNNQP'KPPCJOG XQP$QWKNNQP4GIKOGPVCNUGTUVGUCPWPFÒDGTFKG/CCU&WTEJDTWEJFWTEJFKG$WPMGTUVGNNWPI#DYGJTIGIGP#P- ITKHHG CO $QKU FG /CTHG 5KGITGKEJG 8GTHQNIWPIUIGHGEJVG %JCPGT[1OQPV /GJTGTG VCWUGPF )GHCPIGPG GVYC    )GUEJÒV\GGTDGWVGV  

'T TÒEMVG YGKVGT CP FKG #KUPG XQT YQ GT CWH FKG HTCP\ÌUKUEJG (TQPV VTCH FKG GT FWTEJDTCEJ WO KP FKG 8QIGUGP   XQT\WFTKPIGPTÒEMVGDKU\WT(GUVWPI$GNHQTVKO5ÒFGPFGU'NUC­XQTFKGGTKO*CPFUVTGKEJGKPPCJO(ÒTFKGUG 'TQDGTWPIYWTFGUGKP0COGKPU'JTGPDWEJFGU*GGTGUCWHIGPQOOGP+O$GTGKEJFGU4JGKP/CTPG-CPCNUYWTFG \WFGOGKPHTCP\ÌUKUEJGU2CP\GTTGIKOGPVGKPIGMGUUGNVWPF\WTªDGTICDGIG\YWPIGP*KGTHÒTYWTFGKJOFCU4KVVGT MTGW\CO,WPKXGTNKGJGP

80


NACHLASS HERMANN BALCK

211



4KVVGTMTGW\FGU'KUGTPGP-TGW\GU5QIGPCPPVG)TQ­G8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG2GTICOGPVCWUIG- HÃ&#x2019;JTVKPUEJYCT\GTWPFIQNFHCTDGPGT-CNNKITCRJKGFCVKGTV(Ã&#x2019;JTGTJCWRVSWCTVKGT,WPKOKV7PVGT- UEJTKHVXQP#FQNH*KVNGTFKGWPVGTGP·W­GTGP'EMGPGVYCUXGTH·TDVKPFGTQTKIKPCNGPTQVNGFGTPGPGVYCU DGTKGDGPGPWPFDGUVQ­GPGPIQNFHCTDGPIGRT·IVGP7TMWPFGP/CRRGOKVFGT-Ã&#x2019;PUVNGT5KIPCVWT(4+'&# 6*+'45%*KOWPVGTGP4CPFFGT+PPGPUGKVGFGUTÃ&#x2019;EMUGKVKIGP/CRRGPFGEMGNU ++  81


NACHLASS HERMANN BALCK

ex 213

212



'JTGPDNCVVURCPIGFGU*GGTGU$NGEJJQJNIGRT·IVWPFXGTIQNFGVOKVXKGTTWPFGP5RNKPVGPDGHGUVKIVCWH GKPGO QTKIKPCNGP NCPIGP $CPFUVÒEM FGU 'KUGTPGP -TGW\GU  \WUCOOGP OKV FGT QTKIKPCNGP 'KPNCIG   FGU8GTNGKJWPIUGVWKULGFQEJQJPGFCU'VWK-&10/1'- ++  &KGUGU 'ZGORNCT HCPF UKEJ KO0CEJNC­XQP*GTOCPP$CNEM+PGKPGTWPFCVKGTVGP5GNDUVCWUMWPHVCWUFGT<GKVPCEJ FGO <YGKVGP 9GNVMTKGI N·­V GT FCU (GNF 'JTGPDNCVVURCPIG NGGT WPF GU JCV UKEJ CWEJ DKUJGT MGKPGTNGK 'XKFGP\   GTIGDGPFC­KJOFKGUGGTUVCO,CPWCTIGUVKHVGVGP#WU\GKEJPWPIXGTNKGJGPYQTFGPKUV#NNGTFKPIUKUVUGKP 0COG UEJQP KO /CK  KP FCU 'JTGPDWEJ FGU &GWVUEJGP *GGTGU CWHIGPQOOGP YQTFGP HÒT FKG 'KPPCJOG FGT   HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP (GUVWPI $GNHQTV KO 5ÒF'NUC­ KO INGKEJGP /QPCV 1D GT FCPP FCHÒT ÒDGT FTGK ,CJTG PCEJ GTHQNIVGT   #WHPCJOGPQEJFKG'JTGPDNCVVURCPIGPCEJIGTGKEJVGTJCNVGPJCDGPMÌPPVGGPV\KGJVUKEJWPUGTGT-GPPVPKU



-ÌPKITGKEJ 2TGW­GP 'KUGTPGU -TGW\ #WUICDG    'KUGTPGU -TGW\ + -NCUUG  'KUGP IG-   UEJY·T\V5KNDGT\CTIGFKGUGQHHGPOKVOWVOC­NKEJTGUVCWTKGTVGT0CFGNWPF0CFGNJCMGPKOQTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP FWPMGNDTCWGP .GFGTGVWK   'KUGTPGU -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG 'KUGP IGUEJY·T\V   5KNDGT\CTIG KO QHHGPGP 4KPI RWP\KGTV 59 CO QTKIKPCNGP $CPF   'KPHCEJG )W­CPHGTVKIWPI FGT   5RCPIG\WO'-++VNYNCEMKGTVOKVXKGTTWPFGP5RNKPVGP 5VÒEM+++++



$CNEMJCVFCU'KUGTPG-TGW\++-NCUUGUEJQPCO1MVQDGTWPFFKG+-NCUUG CNUGTUVGTUGKPGU$CVCKNNQPU CO 0QXGODGTXGTNKGJGPDGMQOOGPPCEJFGOGTY·JTGPFFGU(GNF\WIGUKP$GNIKGPUEJQP\WOFTKVVGP/CNXGT- YWPFGVYQTFGPYCT

ex 214



215

&GWVUEJGU4GKEJ#D\GKEJGPHÒT8GTYWPFGVG8GTYWPFGVGP#D\GKEJGPKP)QNFHÒTHÒPHWPFOGJT OCNKIG8GTYWPFWPI'KUGPDNGEJJQJNIGRT·IVXGTIQNFGVCP0CFGN\WUCOOGPOKV/KPKCVWTXGTIQNFGV CPMWT\GT0CFGN0/C1'- 5VÒEM++



*GTOCPP$CNEMKUVY·JTGPFFGU'TUVGP9GNVMTKGIU\YKUEJGPFGO5GRVGODGTWPFFGO#RTKNKPU IGUCOVUKGDGPOCNXGTYWPFGVYQTFGPYQHÒTGTCO/CKOKVFGOPGWIGUVKHVGVGP#D\GKEJGPCWUIG\GKEJPGV YQTFGPKUV



8GTYWPFGVGPCD\GKEJGP   #WUHÒJTWPI CD   8GTYWPFGVGPCD\GKEJGP KP )QNF 'KUGPDNGEJ   JQJNIGRT·IVXGTIQNFGV8GTIQNFWPIVNYDGTKGDGPCP0CFGNKOGVYCUDGTKGDGPGPUEJYCT\GP'VWKFGT .&1-&1XCT0/XCT1'-XCT 4++ 0KOOGTIWV HÒJTV KP 1'- 5  FKGUG #WUHÒJTWPI PKEJV CWH WPF HÒJTV KP 0+ 5H  CWU FC­ GU UKEJ DGK   #WUHÒJTWPIGPKPJQJNIGRT·IVGOWPFXGTIQNFGVGO9GK­OGVCNNWOKPQHHK\KGNNG#WUHÒJTWPIGPJCPFNG  

&KGUGU 'ZGORNCT HCPF UKEJ GDGPHCNNU KO 0CEJNC­ XQP *GTOCPP $CNEM +P GKPGT WPFCVKGTVGP 5GNDUVCWUMWPHV CWU FGT   <GKV PCEJ FGO <YGKVGP 9GNVMTKGI N·­V GT FCU (GNF 8GTYWPFGVGPCD\GKEJGP NGGT WPF GU JCV UKEJ CWEJ DKUJGT   MGKPGTNGK'XKFGP\GTIGDGPFC­GTY·JTGPFFGU<YGKVGP9GNVMTKGIUGTPGWV8GTYWPFWPIGPGTNKVVGPJCVUQFC­KJO FKGIGUVKHVGVG#WUHÒJTWPIXGTNKGJGPYQTFGPY·TG  

/ÌINKEJKUVLGFQEJCWEJFC­GTGUKO<WUCOOGPJCPIOKVFGO6QFUGKPGU5QJPGU(TKGFTKEJ9KNJGNOGTJCNVGPJCV FGTCNU1HHK\KGTKO-TCFUEJÒV\GPDCVCKNNQPFGT2CP\GTFKXKUKQPKO5QOOGTCPFGT1UVHTQPVIGHCNNGPKUV

82




NACHLASS HERMANN BALCK

216



<CTGPVWO $WNICTKGP 1TFGP (ÒT 6CRHGTMGKV =Îðäåí Çà Õðàáðîñò] $GUKV\\GWIPKU KP FGWVUEJGT   5RTCEJGÒDGTFKG8GTNGKJWPIFGU6CRHGTMGKVUQTFGPU+++-NCUUG5VWHGCP1DGTUV$CNEM-QOOCPFGWT FGU 2CP\GT4GIKOGPVU  FCVKGTV *CWRVSWCTVKGT 1DGTMQOOCPFQ FGU *GGTGU  1MVQDGT  OKV   &KGPUVUKGIGNWPF1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV-GKVGNOGJTHCEJIGHCNVGV 4++



217





#D\GKEJGPFGT2CP\GT&KXKUKQP#PIGTPFGTUQIGP)GURGPUVGTDTKICFG&KXKUKQPUCD\GKEJGP XGTUKNDGTV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC ' ( 9KGFOCPP KP   (TCPMHWTVCO/CKPCP0CFGN*'C ++



)TQ­GU -QPXQNWV XQP EC  &QMWOGPVGP $TKGHGP #DUEJTKHVGP &WTEJUEJN·IGP <GKVWPIGP WPF   <GKVWPIUCWUUEJPKVVGP2JQVQUWUYCWUFGO0CEJNC­XQP*GTOCPP$CNEM7C#DUEJTKHVGPFGT -TKGIUUVCOOTQNNG &WTEJUEJN·IG XQP #DUEJTKHVGP FGU 9GJTRCUUGU #PVT·IG $GWTVGKNWPIGP $GUEJGKPK   IWPIGP WUY  0GICVKX#DNKEJVWPIGP FGU 9GJTRCUUGU  2JQVQITCRJKGP  6GNGITCOOG 5EJTGKDGP   7TMWPFGP #WUYGKUG RGTUÌPNKEJG $TKGHG W C XQP )GPGTCNHGNFOCTUEJCNN (GTFKPCPF 5EJÌTPGT FCVKGTV    GVEXQPY·JTGPFWPFPCEJFGO<YGKVGP9GNVMTKGI<GKVWPIGPQFGT<GKVWPIUVGKNG 8ÌNMKUEJGT $GQDCEJVGT&KG9CEJV&GWVUEJG#NNIGOGKPG<GKVWPI4GKEJUMTKGIGT\GKVWPI$<CO/KVVCI$GTNKPGT +NNWUVTKGTVG 0CEJVCWUICDG  WPF  <GKVWPIUCWUUEJPKVVGP XQTYKGIGPF OKV #TVKMGNP ÒDGT *GTOCPP $CNEM    IGDWPFGPGP 5VWFKGP  2JQVQMQRKGP /GKUV GKP QFGT OGJTHCEJ IGHCNVGV KP UGJT WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP   'TJCNVWPIGPVGKNUOKV'KPTKUUGP 5VÒEM+++++++++++8



5GJT KPVGTGUUCPVGU WPF JKUVQTKUEJ UGJT CWHUEJNW­TGKEJGU -QPXQNWV OKV 5EJYGTRWPMV CWH FGT OKNKV·TKUEJGP 6·VKIMGKV   $CNEMUY·JTGPFFGU<YGKVGP9GNVMTKGIU   'PFGFGU0CEJNCUUGUXQP*GTOCPP$CNEM

83


DRITTES REICH

220

219

&'765%*'54'+%*51)'0&4+66'54'+%* 

8GTFKGPUVQTFGPXQO&GWVUEJGP#FNGT/QFGNN  8GTFKGPUVMTGW\5VWHG5KNDGTXGT- IQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN FKGUG OKV 5KNDGTRWP\G  KO QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP   8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK OKV $G\GKEJPWPI 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ ++ 5VWHG  FGU  1TFGPU XQO &GWVUEJGP #FNGT   -&10/C1'- ++ 



8GTFKGPUVQTFGPXQO&GWVUEJGP#FNGT&GWVUEJG5KNDGTPG8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG/QFGNN TÃ&#x2019;EMUGKVKIOKV (TCMVWT+PUEJTKHV    5KNDGT NGKEJV IGYGNNV OGJTGTG 4CPFFGNNGP WPF -TCV\GT OKV 4CPF   RT·IWPI%24/ª0<'$'4.+0COQTKIKPCNGP$CPF-&10/C1'- +++



221



8GTFKGPUVQTFGPXQO&GWVUEJGP#FNGTD\Y CD &GWVUEJGT#FNGTQTFGP/QFGNN KO'KP- UEJPKVV FGU QDGTGP -TGW\CTOGU #MCPVJWU#ITCHHG    8GTFKGPUVMTGW\  5VWHG     D\Y -TGW\  -NCUUG   5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV QJPG 2WP\KGTWPI CO QTKIKPCNGP   *CNUDCPF-&10/C1'- ++ 

222





84

ex 223

&GWVUEJGU1N[ORKC'JTGP\GKEJGP&GMQTCVKQP-NCUUG$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTV#WHNCIGCWH FGT4Ã&#x2019;EMUGKVGOKV\YGK*QJNRWP\GPDGHGUVKIVCOUEJOCNGP$CPF-&10/D1'-  ++



#D\GKEJGP\WO1N[ORKCLCJT+EJTWHGFKG,WIGPFFGT9GNV$TQP\GXGTUKNDGTVWPFGOCKNNKGTV CWHFGT4Ã&#x2019;EMUGKVG*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI%6&CP0CFGN&C\WPKEJVVTCIDCTG'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG CPFKGQN[ORKUEJGP5RKGNG<74'*4'&'58#6'4.#0&'5<7/47*/'&'5521465 $TQP\GKO'VWK 5VÃ&#x2019;EM++




DRITTES REICH

225

224



226

'JTGP\GKEJGP HÒT &GWVUEJG 8QNMURHNGIG #NVG <YGKVCPHGTVKIWPI =VC[NQT U EQR[? FGU -TGW\GU  5VWHG   $TQP\G IGYÌNDV XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV 'OCKNNG CNV CDGT NGKEJV YGNNKI #P 0CFGN -&1  0/   F1'- ++





5EJYGUVGTPMTGW\ FGU &GWVUEJGP 4QVGP -TGW\GU 5EJYGUVGTPMTGW\ HÒT  &KGPUVLCJTG XGTUKNDGTV WPF   VNYGOCKNNKGTVQJPG-GVVG-&10/F1'- ++





4GKEJUHGWGTYGJT'JTGP\GKEJGP -TGW\  5VWHG $TQP\G XGTUKNDGTV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO MWT\GP $CPF   UVÒEM-&10/D1'- ++



ex 227









ex 228 Rv.

230

'JTGPMTGW\FGT&GWVUEJGP/WVVGT UQIGP/WVVGTMTGW\ /QFGNN OKVTÒEMUGKVKIGT+PUEJTKHV &G\GODGT     WPF  5VWHG $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV QFGT XGTUKNDGTV QFGT DTQP\GHCTDGP LGYGKNU   GOCKNNKGTVCP*CNUD·PFGTPFC\WFKGRCUUGPFGP/KPKCVWTGPLGYGKNUCP5EJNGKHEJGPOKV0CFGNPWPFGKPG 8GTNGKJWPIUVÒVGHÒTFKG5VWHG 5VÒEM++



-QPXQNWV FGT FTGK UQIGP #PUEJNW­OGFCKNNGP   /GFCKNNG \WT 'TKPPGTWPI CP FGP  /·T\   

¤UVGTTGKEJ $TQP\GXGTUKNDGTVCO$CPF /GFCKNNG\WT'TKPPGTWPICPFGP1MVQDGT 5WFGVGP- NCPF  $TQP\G CO $TWUVDCPF OKV $CPFURCPIG 2TCIGT $WTI   /GFCKNNG \WT 'TKPPGTWPI CP FGP    /·T\  /GOGNNCPF  $TQP\G CO UEJOCNGP $CPFUVÒEM -&1  0/ D   C D1'- 5VÒEM++



2QNK\GK&KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI -TGW\ 5VWHG$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVCOCNVGPGVYCUXGTH·TDVGP$QIGPDCPF OKV 5VKEMGTGK WPF /GFCKNNG  5VWHG $TQP\G XGTUKNDGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF KP UKNDGTHCTDGP   DGFTWEMVGTGVYCUDGUEJ·FKIVGT1TKIKPCNUEJCEJVGN-&10/E H1'- 5VÒEM++



(ÒJTGT5RQTVCD\GKEJGPFGT*KVNGTLWIGPF$TQP\GXGTIQNFGV 8GTIQNFWPIVNYDGTKGDGP WPFVNYGOCKN- NKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG 4</*GTUVGNNGT\GKEJGP /  FGT (KTOC )WUVCX $TGJOGT KP   /CTMPGWMKTEJGPOKV6T·IGTPWOOGTCP0CFGN-&10/1'- ++

 85


DRITTES REICH

232





232

231

5KGIGT2NCMGVVGFGT.GKUVWPIUUEJCWFGT6JÒTKPIKUEJGP*KVNGTLWIGPF0KEJVVTCIDCT<KPMXGTUKN- DGTV8GTUKNDGTWPIVNYXGTICPIGPKPQTKIKPCNGT8GTNGKJWPIUUEJCEJVGN\WUCOOGPOKVFGT$GUKV\WTMWPFG HÒT4QNH&QPCVJHÒTFGP5KGIKO5RGGTYGTHGPFCVKGTV4WFQNUVCFVCO,WNKIGHCNVGV ++



5KGIGT2NCMGVVG FGT )GDKGVU/GKUVGTUEJCHVGP FGT *KVNGTLWIGPF KO -WIGNUVQ­GP KP 2TCI  <KPM   DTQP\KGTVKOQTKIKPCNGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK ++



233 234



6GKNPGJOGT#D\GKEJGP CO  +PVGTPCVKQPCNGP .WHVTGPPGP  FGU 0CVKQPCNUQ\KCNKUVKUEJGP (NKGIGT-   MQTRU 05(-  CWH FGT 9CUUGTMWRRG KP FGT 4JÌP $TQP\G XGTUKNDGTV WPF GOCKNNKGTV OKP   -QTTQUKQPUURWTGPCP0CFGN ++





6GKNPGJOGT2NCMGVVG FGU 0CVKQPCNUQ\KCNKUVKUEJGP (NKGIGTMQTRU 05(-  CO -ÒUVGPHNWI  <KPM   DTQP\KGTVZOOKOQTKIKPCNGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK 4++





4GKEJURCTVGKVCI#D\GKEJGP 0ÒTPDGTI  $TQP\G OCUUKX CP 0CFGN OKV *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT   (KTOC%$CNODGTIGTKP0ÒTPDGTI$GHGUVKIWPITGRCTKGTV-&11'- ++



236

237



'TKPPGTWPIU#D\GKEJGP\WTL·JTKIGP9KGFGTMGJTFGU4GKEJURCTVGKVCIGU9GKOCT5GJTRNCU- VKUEJJQJNIGRT·IVDTQP\KGTV ++





5KGIGTCD\GKEJGP KO $GTWHUYGVVMCORH FGT *KVNGTLWIGPF -TGKUUKGIGTCD\GKEJGP  #WUICDG OKV FGT   ,CJTGU\CJN  $TQP\G XGTMWRHGTV VNY GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT   (KTOC*#WTKEJKP&TGUFGPWPF(KTOGPNQIQCP0CFGN-&10/J1'- ++



86


DRITTES REICH

238



5RCPKGPMTGW\5RCPKGPMTGW\KP5KNDGT QJPG5EJYGTVGT #PHGTVKIWPIFGT(KTOC$GTIWPF0QNVGKP.Ã&#x2019;- FGPUEJGKF$TQP\GXGTUKNDGTVVNYDGTKGDGPCWHFGT4Ã&#x2019;EMUGKVG*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI$0.CP 0CFGN-&10/1'- ++



239



1TFGP FGU 'KUGTPGP -TGW\GU   'KPVGKNKIG GKPHCEJG 5COONGTCPHGTVKIWPI FGU )TQ­MTGW\GU FGU   'KUGTPGP-TGW\GUXGTUKNDGTVVNYNCEMKGTVCO*CNUDCPFCDUEJPKVV ++

240



241



1TFGP FGU 'KUGTPGP -TGW\GU   /GJTVGKNKIG GKPHCEJG 5COONGTCPHGTVKIWPI FGU 4KVVGTMTGW\GU FGU   'KUGTPGP-TGW\GUOKV'KEJGPNCWDWPF5EJYGTVGTPXGTUKNDGTVVNYNCEMKGTVCO*CNUDCPFCDUEJPKVV ++





1TFGPFGU'KUGTPGP-TGW\GU  'KUGTPGU-TGW\+MNCUUGHNCEJG#WUHÃ&#x2019;JTWPI'KUGPMGTPNCEMKGTV <CTIGXGTUKNDGTVQJPG*GTUVGNNGTRWP\GCP0CFGN-&10/G1'- ++

 87


DRITTES REICH

242 (1:1)



-TKGIUQTFGPFGU&GWVUEJGP-TGW\GU&GWVUEJGU-TGW\KP)QNF#PHGTVKIWPIFGT(KTOC%(<KOOGT- OCPPKP2HQT\JGKONGKEJVG#WUHÒJTWPI#WHNCIGPCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVGOKVXKGT*QJNPKGVGPDGHGUVKIVCWH FGT4ÒEMUGKVGKUVGKPGTWPFG2NCVVGOKVITCXKGTVGT8GTNGKJWPIUITCXWT7HH\#FQNH5EJYCEJGPYCNF #RTKNDGHGUVKIVCP0CFGNFKGUGRWP\KGTVHÒTFKG(KTOC<KOOGTOCPP-&10/ D1'- ++



7PVGTQHHK\KGT#FQNH5EJYCEJGPYCNF$QTFHWPMGTKO+-CORHIGUEJYCFGTYWTFGUR·VGT\WO(GNFYGDGNDGHÌT FGTV'TJCVVGCO(GDTWCTFGP'JTGPRQMCNFGT.WHVYCHHGGTJCNVGPWPFYCT+PJCDGTFGU'KUGTPGP-TGW\GU+

 WPF++  -NCUUGFGU(NKGIGTUEJÒV\GP#D\GKEJGPU  WPFFGT(TQPVHNWIURCPIGHÒT -CORHHNKGIGTKP$TQP\G  KP5KNDGT  WPFKP)QNFOKV'KPUCV\\CJN  UQYKG FGU &GWVUEJGP 5EJWV\YCNN'JTGP\GKEJGPU   'KP WOHCPITGKEJGU 7TMWPFGP WPF &QMWOGPVGP-QPXQNWV   5EJYCEJGPYCNFUOKVFGO'JTGPRQMCNYKTFFGT\GKVKOFGWVUEJGP*CPFGNCPIGDQVGP

243 244



TOGNUEJKNF-WDCP'KUGPDNGEJDTQP\KGTVVNYXGTICPIGPCWH7PKHQTOVWEJDGHGUVKIVOKV)GIGPRNCVVG OKVVGNUXKGT-NGOOGP#DFGEMWPIHGJNV-&10/1'- ++





)TQ­GMTCWUG1TFGPUUEJPCNNGOKVFTGK#WU\GKEJPWPIGP /GFCKNNG9KPVGTUEJNCEJVKO1UVGP    &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI FGT 9GJTOCEJV  -NCUUG /GFCKNNG HÒT  &KGPUVLCJTG KP FGT .WHVYCHHG     /GFCKNNG \WT 'TKPPGTWPI CP FGP  1MVQDGT  UQIGP 5WFGVGPNCPF#PUEJNW­/GFCKNNG  #P   0CFGN 5VÒEM++



88


DRITTES REICH

245



)TQ­G MTCWUG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG OKV FTGK #WU\GKEJPWPIGP   'KUGTPGU -TGW\  ++ -NCUUG 'KUGP   IGUEJY·T\V <CTIG XGTUKNDGTV   &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI FGT 9GJTOCEJV  -NCUUG /GFCKNNG HÃ&#x2019;T    &KGPUVLCJTG KO *GGT QFGT KP FGT /CTKPG   /GFCKNNG \WT 'TKPPGTWPI CP FGP  1MVQDGT  UQIGP   5WFGVGPNCPF#PUEJNW­/GFCKNNG OKV5RCPIG2TCIGT$WTI#P0CFGN 5VÃ&#x2019;EM++

248









246



249

/GFCKNNGCWU#PNC­FGU'KPOCTUEJGUFGT&GWVUEJGP9GJTOCEJVKP2CTKUCO,WPK0KEJV VTCIDCT XQP -CTN )QGV\ YQJN <KPM NCEMKGTV KO 4CPF *GTUVGNNGT2T·IWPI FGU $C[GTKUEJGP *CWRV   OÃ&#x2019;P\COVGUKP/Ã&#x2019;PEJGP ++



2CP\GTMCORHCD\GKEJGP 9QJN #D\GKEJGP KP $TQP\G -TKGIUOGVCNN $TQP\KGTWPI XQNNMQOOGP XGT   ICPIGPQJPG*GTUVGNNGTMGPP\GKEJPWPICP0CFGNFKGUGDTQP\KGTV-&10/C1'-  +++



-TKGIUCD\GKEJGP HÃ&#x2019;T /KPGPUWEJ 7$QQV,CIF WPF 5KEJGTWPIUXGTD·PFG UQIGP /KPGPUWEJGT   #D\GKEJGP  6QODCM VNY XGTIQNFGV VNY XGTUKNDGTV CWH FGT 4Ã&#x2019;EMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI ('%   1661 2.#%<'- $'4.+0  #75(5%*9'4+0 $'4.+0 CP 0CFGN -&1  0/ C   1'- ++



(NQVVGP-TKGIUCD\GKEJGP6QODCMVNYXGTIQNFGVVNYXGTUKNDGTVCWHFGT4Ã&#x2019;EMUGKVG*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJ- PWPI ('% #&1.( $1%-  #75(5%*9'4+0$'4.+0 CP 0CFGN -&1  0/ C   1'- ++

 89


DRITTES REICH

250 251 253





/CTKPG#TVKNNGTKG-TKGIUCD\GKEJGP -TKGIUOGVCNN VNY XGTIQNFGV 8GTUKNDGTWPI XGTICPIGP CWH FGT   4Ã&#x2019;EMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTNQIQ (.. FGT (KTOC (TKGFTKEJ .KPFGP KP .Ã&#x2019;FGPUEJGKF WPF  CP 0CFGN   -&10/D1'- ++



2TGKUOGFCKNNGHÃ&#x2019;TGKPGP9GVVMCORHKO/KNKV·TKUEJGP2TGKUTKEJVGPKO,CJTG0KEJVVTCIDCT/G- FCKNNGHÃ&#x2019;TFGP2TGKU$TQP\GHÃ&#x2019;TFCU+PHCPVGTKG4GIKOGPV ++



252







90

253

254

'TFMCORHCD\GKEJGP #D\GKEJGP QJPG 'KPUCV\\CJN <KPM VNY XGTUKNDGTV #FNGT CWH FGT 4Ã&#x2019;EMUGKVG OKV   FTGKMNGKPGP4WPFMQRHPKGVGPDGHGUVKIVCWHFGT4Ã&#x2019;EMUGKVG*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI/W-FGT#TDGKVUIG OGKPUEJCHV/GVCNNWPF-WPUVUVQHHKP)CDNQP\CP0CFGN-&10/D1'- ++



(NWI\GWIHÃ&#x2019;JTGT#D\GKEJGP 'ZGORNCT QJPG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI 9GK­OGVCNN VNY XGTUKNDGTV #FNGT   OKV \YGK 4WPFMQRHPKGVGP DGHGUVKIV CP 4WPFPCFGN KO IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK -&1   0/C1'- ++



(NKGIGTUEJÃ&#x2019;V\GP#D\GKEJGP#D\GKEJGPOKV$NKV\DÃ&#x2019;PFGN9GK­OGVCNNVNYXGTUKNDGTVCWHFGT4Ã&#x2019;EMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI $0 . FGT (KTOC $GTI WPF 0QNVG KP .Ã&#x2019;FGPUEJGKF #FNGT OKV \YGK 4WPF   MQRHPKGVGPDGHGUVKIVCP4WPFPCFGN-&10/C1'- ++




DRITTES REICH

ex 256

257 ex 255







)TQ­GU-QPXQNWVXQPEC#WU\GKEJPWPIGP7C\KXKNG'JTGP\GKEJGPGKP'-++OKVTWPFGT  -CORH .GKUVWPIU WPF 6·VKIMGKVUCD\GKEJGP XQP *GGT /CTKPG WPF .WHVYCHHG 1TKIKPCNG WPF   -QRKGP KP XGTUEJKGFGPGP /GVCNNGP VGKNU XGTIQNFGV VGKNU XGTUKNDGTV CP $·PFGTP QFGT CP 0CFGNP VGKNU   TGRCTKGTVKPWPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP'TJCNVWPIGP&C\WGKPG8GTNGKJWPIUVÒVG 5VÒEM++++++++++++++8



-QPXQNWV XQP EC  #WU\GKEJPWPIUOKPKCVWTGP 7 C 5RCPKGPMTGW\ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP KP 5KNDGT CP   0CFGN WPF &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI FGT 05&#2  5VWHG CO $·PFEJGP +P XGTUEJKGFGPGP /GVCNNGP VGKNU   XGTUKNDGTVCP0CFGNPQFGT-PQRHNQEJUEJNGKHGGKPGCP$·PFEJGPKPIWVGP'TJCNVWPIGP 5VÒEM++



-QPXQNWVXQPEC(GNFUEJPCNNGPWPFEC-PQRHNQEJ5EJNGKHEJGPWPF$CPFTÌNNEJGP(ÒPHGT 8KGTGT&TGKGT<YGKGTWPF'KPGT(GNFUEJPCNNGPVNYOKV#WHNCIGPCP0CFGNP8KGTGTDKU 'KPGT-PQRHNQEJ5EJNGKHEJGP WPF $CPFTÌNNEJGP -PÌRHG HGJNGP VNY KP WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP 'TJCNVWPIGP   &C\W\YGK*CNUDCPFWPFUGEJU$TWUVDCPF#DUEJPKVV ++++++++++



258

259

260

-.'+0#$<'+%*'070&#056'%-0#&'.09*9#$<'+%*'0 

#D\GKEJGPHÒT(TCWGPYCNVGTKPPGPFGT&GWVUEJGP#TDGKVUHTQPV#D\GKEJGPHÒT1TVUHTCWGPYCNVGTKPPGP $TQP\GXGTUKNDGTVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG4</*GTUVGNNGTPWOOGT/FGT(KTOC)GUGNN %QKP2HQT\JGKOCP0CFGN*'N ++





4GKEJUDWPF&GWVUEJG,·IGTUEJCHV,CIFUEJWV\#D\GKEJGP$TQP\GXGTUKNDGTVCP0CFGN*'D





5KGIGT#D\GKEJGP FGU &GWVUEJGP 5EJÒV\GPDWPFGU #D\GKEJGP HÒT )CWOGKUVGT $TQP\G XGTUKNDGTV WPF   VNYGOCKNNKGTVCP0CFGNOKV*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPIFGT(KTOC.%JT.CWGTKP0ÒTPDGTI*'P ++

261







++



262

5KGIGT#D\GKEJGP FGU &GWVUEJGP 5EJÒV\GPDWPFGU #D\GKEJGP HÒT -TGKUOGKUVGT #WUICDG HÒT    $TQP\GVNYGOCKNNKGTVCP0CFGNOKV*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPIFGT(KTOC.%JT.CWGTKP0ÒTPDGTI*' O ++



5KGIGT#D\GKEJGP FGU &GWVUEJGP 5EJÒV\GPDWPFGU #D\GKEJGP HÒT -TGKUUKGIGT #WUICDG HÒT    $TQP\G VNY GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN OKV *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC 1 (GEJNGT KP $GTPUDCEJ *'   T ++



-QPXQNWVXQPECUKGDGPXGTUEJKGFGPGP#D\GKEJGPFGU&GWVUEJGP5EJÒV\GPDWPFGU*QJNQFGTOCUUKX IGRT·IVVGKNUXGTIQNFGVVGKNUXGTUKNDGTVCNNGGOCKNNKGTVLGYGKNUCP0CFGNKPIWVGP'TJCNVWPIGP  5VÒEM++

 91


DEUTSCHE DEMOKRATISCHE REPUBLIK

264

265

266

ex 267



4GKEJUDWPF FGT -KPFGTTGKEJGP &GWVUEJNCPFU \WO 5EJWV\G FGT (COKNKG #D\GKEJGP HÒT -TGKU   COVUNGKVGT$TQP\GXGTUKNDGTV8GTUKNDGTWPIVNYXGTICPIGPGOCKNNKGTVCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG*GTUVGNNGTNQIQ OKV5WPFQKO-TGKUCP0CFGN*'G 4++





0CVKQPCNUQ\KCNKUVKUEJGT #NVJGTTGPDWPF FGT &GWVUEJGP 5VWFGPVGP /KVINKGFUCD\GKEJGP $TQP\G GOCKN-   NKGTVCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG4</*GTUVGNNGTPWOOGT/FGT(KTOC*CPU/ÒNNGTKP5VWVVICTVCP0CFGN *'C ++





#D\GKEJGPFGU5EJÒV\GPTGIKOGPVUFGU2CP\GT&KXKUKQP#PIGTPIGPCPPV)GURGPUVGTDTK- ICFG$TQP\GOKV4GUVXGTUKNDGTWPICP0CFGN*'D 4+++++





-QPXQNWV XQP EC  #D\GKEJGP FGWVUEJGT 1TICPKUCVKQPGP 7C FGU &GWVUEJGP 4QVGP -TGW\GU FGT   05 (TCWGPUEJCHV FGU $&/ FGU &GWVUEJGP #NRGPXGTGKPU FGU 4GKEJUCTDGKVUFKGPUVU FGU 8GTDCPFGU   &GWVUEJGT *GDCOOGP WPF FGT 'XCPIGNKUEJGP (TCWGPJKNHG +P XGTUEJKGFGPGP /GVCNNGP VGKNU XGTIQNFGV   VGKNUXGTUKNDGTVVVGKNUGOCKNNKGTVCP0CFGNPKPITÌ­VGPVGKNUUGJTQTFGPVNKEJGP'TJCNVWPIGP  5VÒEM++++++++++





-QPXQNWVXQPEC9KPVGTJKNHUYGTMU5COONWPIU#D\GKEJGP8QTYKGIGPFFGT5VCPFCTVGP5GTKGWPF FGT 5QNFCVGP5GTKG IGUKEMV  +P XGTUEJKGFGPGP /CVGTKCNKGP VNY NCEMKGTV KP WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP 'TJCN   VWPIGPCP0CFGNP ++



ex 269

ex 270

&'765%*'&'/1-4#6+5%*'4'27$.+-   



#WU\GKEJPWPIU WPF 7TMWPFGP0CEJNC­ XQP )GTJCTF 8ÌNPGT DGUVGJGPF CWU XKGT 1TFGP OKV   \WIGJÌTKIGP8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGP 8CVGTN·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ÒEM++ #WU\GKEJPWPIUWPF7TMWPFGP0CEJNC­XQP2TQH)ÒPVGT4QUGPHGNFOKVKPUIGUCOV#WU\GKEJPWP- IGPLGYGKNUOKV\WIGJÌTKIGP7TMWPFGP 'JTGPURCPIG\WO8CVGTN·PFKUEJGP8GTFKGPUVQTFGPKP)QNF $WPVOGVCNNXGTIQNFGVOKV<KTMQPKCCP0CFGN 6[R$#E OKV8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGFCVKGTV  8CVGTN·PFKUEJGT8GTFKGPUVQTFGPKP)QNF$WPVOGVCNNXGTUKNDGTVWPFVNYGOCKNNKGTV 6[R$# OKV 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGFCVKGTV &KVQKP5KNDGT5KNDGTVNYGOCKNNKGTV 6[R$#C OKV8GTNGK- JWPIUWTMWPFGFCVKGTV &KVQKP$TQP\G$WPVOGVCNN 6[R$#C OKV8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG FCVKGTV    8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG FGT &&4 $WPVOGVCNN XGTUKNDGTV WPF VNY GOCKNNKGTV 6[R $#   C OKV8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGFCVKGTV&KG0TDKULGYGKNUCP6TCIGURCPIGPLGYGKNUOKV+PVG- TKOUURCPIGKO'VWKFKG0TQJPG+PVGTKOUURCPIGFKG7TMWPFGPLGYGKNUKP7TMWPFGPOCRRGP  5VÒEM++ +PVGTGUUCPVG)TWRRGGKPGUDGFGWVGPFGP*KUVQTKMGTUFGT&&4)ÒPVGT4QUGPHGNF IGD YCTDKU2TQHGUUQT HÒT)GUEJKEJVGCPFGT*WODQNFV7PKXGTUKV·V\W$GTNKP&KG5EJYGTRWPMVGUGKPGT#TDGKVWOHCUUGPFKG)GUEJKEJVGFGT 5QYLGVWPKQP WPF FGT UQYLGVKUEJFGWVUEJGP $G\KGJWPIGP WPF GT KUV UGKV XKGNGP ,CJTGP #WVQT D\Y *GTCWUIGDGT   OGJTGTGT(CEJRWDNKMCVKQPGP\WFKGUGP6JGOGP

92






DEUTSCHE DEMOKRATISCHE REPUBLIK

ex 271



ex 272

#WU\GKEJPWPIU WPF 7TMWPFGP0CEJNC­ XQP 1DGTUV 4QNCPF 0GWJCWU OKV KPUIGUCOV    #WU\GKEJPWPIGP LGYGKNU OKV \WIGJÌTKIGP 7TMWPFGP   8CVGTN·PFKUEJGT 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP KP 5KNDGT   $WPVOGVCNN XGTUKNDGTV WPF VNY GOCKNNKGTV 6[R $# I  OKV 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG FCVKGTV      &KVQ KP $TQP\G $WPVOGVCNN 6[R $# H  OKV 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG FCVKGTV    -CORHQTFGP   (ÒT 8GTFKGPUV WO 8QNM WPF 8CVGTNCPF KP )QNF $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV 6[R $# E  OKV   8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG FCVKGTV $GTNKP CO  OKV 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV XQP 8GTVGKFKIWPIUOKPKUVGT   *QHHOCPP &KVQKP5KNDGT$WPVOGVCNNXGTUKNDGTV 6[R$#D OKV8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGFCVKGTV    &KVQ KP $TQP\G $WPVOGVCNN 6[R $# D  OKV 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG FCVKGTV      8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG FGT &&4 $WPVOGVCNN XGTUKNDGTV WPF VNY GOCKNNKGTV 6[R $# C  OKV   8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG FCVKGTV    8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG FGT 0CVKQPCNGP 8QNMUCTOGG KP )QNF 5KNDGT   XGTIQNFGV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG 5KNDGTRWP\G  OKV *CNDOQPF 6[R $# H 2WP\G   OKV   8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG FCVKGTV    &KVQ KP 5KNDGT 5KNDGT OKV 4CPFRWP\G  6[R $# C   2WP\G   OKV 8GTNGKJWPIUPWOOGT  OKV 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG FCVKGTV &KVQKP$TQP\G $WPVOGVCNN 6[R $# C  OKV 8GTNGKJWPIUPWOOGT  OKV 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG FCVKGTV      /GFCKNNG HÒT VTGWG &KGPUVG KP FGT 0CVKQPCNGP 8QNMUCTOGG KP )QNF HÒT :: &KGPUVLCJTG   $WPVOGVCNNXGTIQNFGVVNYGOCKNNKGTV 6[R$#H  OKV8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGFCVKGTV  &KVQKP)QNF5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVOKV5KNDGTRWP\GOKV*CNDOQPF 6[R$#G2WP\G OKV 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGFCVKGTV &KVQKP5KNDGT5KNDGTOKV4CPFRWP\G 6[R$#E 2WP\G   OKV 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG FCVKGTV    &KVQ KP $TQP\G $WPVOGVCNN OKV 8GT-   NGKJWPIUPWOOGT 6[R$#C OKV8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGFCVKGTV /GFCKNNGFGT 9CHHGPDTÒFGTUEJCHVKP5KNDGT$WPVOGVCNNXGTUKNDGTV 6[R$#C OKV8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGFCVKGTV  /GFCKNNGHÒTVTGWG&KGPUVGKPFGT-CUGTPKGTVGP8QNMURQNK\GK$WPVOGVCNNOKV8GTNGKJWPIUPWO- OGT 6[R$#C OKV8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGFCVKGTV 1HHK\KGTU)GUEJGPMHÒT  ,CJTG VTGWG &KGPUVG KP FGT 08# OKV 7TMWPFG FCVKGTV  \WUCOOGP OKV GVYCU XGTUEJOWV\VGP   2T·UGPVCVKQP'VWK &KG 0T   WPF  CP 6TCIGURCPIGP FKG 0T  DKU  CP 2GPVCIQPCN$CPFURCPIGP   \WUCOOGPOQPVKGTVFKG0TDKUCP2GPVCIQPCN$CPFURCPIGPFKG0TWPFDKU\WUCOOGP OKV+PVGTKOUURCPIGKO8GTNGKJWPIUGVWKFKG7TMWPFGPLGYGKNUKP7TMWPFGPOCRRGP 5VÒEM++



7OHCPITGKEJGT0CEJNC­GKPGUNCPIIGFKGPVGP5VCDUQHHK\KGTUFGT0CVKQPCNGP8QNMUCTOGGXQPDKU



#WU\GKEJPWPIU WPF 7TMWPFGP0CEJNC­ XQP (TGICVVGPMCRKV·P *CPU,ÒTIGP )GKUNGT OKV KPUIGUCOV    #WU\GKEJPWPIGP LGYGKNU OKV \WIGJÌTKIGP 7TMWPFGP   /GFCKNNG FGT 9CHHGPDTÒFGTUEJCHV KP   $TQP\G$WPVOGVCNN 6[R$#D OKV8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGFCVKGTV 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNGFGT 0CVKQPCNGP 8QNMUCTOGG KP )QNF $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV 6[R $# I  OKV 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG   FCVKGTV    &KVQ KP 5KNDGT 5KNDGT OKV 5KNDGTRWP\G  6[R $# H 2WP\G   OKV   8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG FCVKGTV    &KVQ KP $TQP\G $WPVOGVCNN 6[R $# G  OKV   8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGFCVKGTV /GFCKNNGHÒTVTGWG&KGPUVGKPFGT0CVKQPCNGP8QNMUCTOGGKP)QNF HÒ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ÒEM++

 93


DEUTSCHE DEMOKRATISCHE REPUBLIK

ex 273 ex 274







#WU\GKEJPWPIU WPF 7TMWPFGP0CEJNC­ FGU 7PVGTNGWVPCPVUFGT8QNMURQNK\GKOKVKPUIGUCOV#WU- \GKEJPWPIGP LGYGKNU OKV \WIGJÌTKIGP 7TMWPFGP   /GFCKNNG HÒT VTGWG &KGPUVG KP FGP DGYCHHPGVGP   1TICPGPFGU/KPKUVGTKWOUFGU+PPGTPKP)QNF$WPVOGVCNNXGTIQNFGV $#D OKV8GTNGKJWPIUWT- MWPFGFCVKGTV &KVQ5VWHG++KP$TQP\G$WPVOGVCNN $#CQFGTD OKV8GTNGKJWPIUWT- MWPFG FCVKGTV    &KVQ 5VWHG +++ KP $TQP\G $WPVOGVCNN $# C  OKV 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG   FCVKGTV,GYGKNUCP2GPVCIQPCN$CPFURCPIG\WUCOOGPOKV+PVGTKOUURCPIGPKO'VWKFKG7TMWPFGP LGYGKNUKP7TMWPFGPOCRRGP 5VÒEM++



8CVGTN·PFKUEJGT 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP OKV 7TMWPFG HÒT GKPGP $GVTKGD )QNFUVWHG #WUHÒJTWPI XQP    DKU  $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF VNY GOCKNNKGTV CP 6TCIGURCPIG \WUCOOGP OKV +PVGTKOUURCPIGKO 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK\WUCOOGPOKV8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGHÒTFGP8'$6GEJPKUEJG)CUG.GKR\KI$GVTKGDUVGKN $ÒV\QYFCVKGTVOKV7PVGTUEJTKHVGPKP7TMWPFGPOCRRG$#G-&1 ++



8CVGTN·PFKUEJGT8GTFKGPUVQTFGPOKV7TMWPFG5KNDGTUVWHG#WUHÒJTWPIXQPDKU5KNDGT VNY GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG RWP\KGTV  CP 6TCIGURCPIG \WUCOOGP OKV +PVGTKOUURCPIG KO   8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK OKV 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG HÒT 9KNJGNOKPG 5EJWNFV FCVKGTV  KP 7TMWPFGPOCRRG   $#C-&1 ++



276



ex 275

ex 277

278

ex 279

8CVGTN·PFKUEJGT8GTFKGPUVQTFGP5KNDGTUVWHG#WUHÒJTWPIXQPDKU5KNDGTVNYGOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG RWP\KGTV  CP 6TCIGURCPIG \WUCOOGP OKV +PVGTKOUURCPIG KO ITCWGP 'VWK   $#C-&1 ++



8CVGTN·PFKUEJGT 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP 5KNDGTUVWHG #WUHÒJTWPI XQP  DKU  $WPVOGVCNN XGTUKNDGTV   7PF $TQP\GUVWHG #WUHÒJTWPI DKU  $WPVOGVCNN LGYGKNU CP 6TCIGURCPIG WPF \WUCOOGP OKV   +PVGTKOUURCPIGKO8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK$#GI-&1 5VÒEM++





8CVGTN·PFKUEJGT 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP $TQP\GUVWHG #WUHÒJTWPI XQP DKU$WPVOGVCNNCP6TCIG- URCPIG\WUCOOGPOKV+PVGTKOUURCPIGKO8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK$#C-&1 ++





8CVGTN·PFKUEJGT8GTFKGPUVQTFGPOKV7TMWPFG$TQP\GUVWHG$WPVOGVCNNCP6TCIGURCPIG\WUCOOGP OKV+PVGTKOUURCPIGKO8GTNGKJWPIUGVWKOKV8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGHÒT1DGTKPIGPKGWT'TKEJ$KNIWGTFCVKGTV KP7TMWPFGPOCRRG$#I-&1 ++





94


DEUTSCHE DEMOKRATISCHE REPUBLIK

ex 280









ex 281

ex 282

1TFGP$CPPGTFGT#TDGKVOKV7TMWPFGHÒTGKP-QNNGMVKX5VWHG+$WPVOGVCNNVNYGOCKNNKGTVVNY NCEMKGTVCP2GPVCIQPCN$CPFURCPIG\WUCOOGPOKV+PVGTKOUURCPIGKO8GTNGKJWPIUGVWKOKV8GTNGKJWPIU- WTMWPFGHÒTFCU,WIGPFMQNNGMVKXFGU8'$-CTQY/KVINKGF9CNVTCWF8ÌNPGTFCVKGTVKP7TMWPFGP- OCRRG$#J-&1 ++



1TFGP$CPPGTFGT#TDGKVOKV7TMWPFG5VWHG++#WUHÒJTWPI$WPVOGVCNNVNYGOCKNNKGTVVNY NCEMKGTVCP2GPVCIQPCN$CPFURCPIG\WUCOOGPOKV+PVGTKOUURCPIGKO8GTNGKJWPIUGVWKOKV8GTNGKJWPIU- WTMWPFGHÒT+PIG)TGKHFCVKGTVKP7TMWPFGPOCRRG$#J-&1 ++



1TFGP $CPPGT FGT #TDGKV OKV 7TMWPFG HÒT GKP /KVINKGF GKPGU -QNNGMVKXU 5VWHG +++ $WPVOGVCNN   VNYGOCKNNKGTVVNYNCEMKGTVCP2GPVCIQPCN$CPFURCPIG\WUCOOGPOKV+PVGTKOUURCPIGKO8GTNGKJWPIU GVWKOKV8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGHÒT4GPCVG<ÌRMG/KVINKGFGKPGUUQ\KCNKUVKUEJGP-QNNGMVKXGUFCVKGTV KP7TMWPFGPOCRRG$#I-&1 ++



1TFGP $CPPGT FGT #TDGKV + ++ WPF +++ 5VWHG LGYGKNU $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV WPF VNY GOCKNNKGTV   VNY NCEMKGTV CP 2GPVCIQPCN$CPFURCPIGP \WUCOOGP OKV +PVGTKOUURCPIGPKO8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK$# JJWPFI-&1 5VÒEM++



284 285







286

1TFGP 5VGTP FGT 8ÌNMGTHTGWPFUEJCHV 5VGTP FGT 8ÌNMGTHTGWPFUEJCHV KP )QNF  #WUICDG       #WUHÒJTWPI 4ÒEMUGKVG INCVV  $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV VNY GOCKNNKGTV VNY NCEMKGTV CP 0CFGN   $#D-&1 ++



-CORHQTFGP (ÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO 8QNM WPF 8CVGTNCPF  #WUICDG 5KNDGT    -CORH   QTFGP KP )QNF 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV VNY GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG RWP\KGTV  CP 2GPVCIQPCN   $CPFURCPIG\WUCOOGPOKV+PVGTKOURCPIGKO'VWK$#C-&1 4++



-CORHQTFGP (ÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO 8QNM WPF 8CVGTNCPF  #WUICDG 5KNDGT    -CORH   QTFGP KP 5KNDGT 5KNDGT VNY GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG RWP\KGTV  CP 2GPVCIQPCN$CPFURCPIG   \WUCOOGPOKV+PVGTKOURCPIGKO'VWK$#C-&1 ++

 95


DEUTSCHE DEMOKRATISCHE REPUBLIK

287

290

288

ex 291

289









/GFCKNNG \WO 0CVKQPCNRTGKU FGT &GWVUEJGP &GOQMTCVKUEJGP 4GRWDNKM #WUHÒJTWPI XQP  DKU    $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV CP 6TCIGURCPIG \WUCOOGP OKV +PVGTKOUURCPIG KO 'VWK $# J   -&1 ++



5VGTP\WO'JTGPVKVGN*GNFFGT#TDGKVOKV7TMWPFG$WPVOGVCNNXGTIQNFGVCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG*GT- UVGNNGT\GKEJGP /$ CP 6TCIGURCPIG \WUCOOGP OKV +PVGTKOUURCPIG KO'VWKOKV8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG HÒT*GTDGTV-GTPFCVKGTVOKVFTGK7PVGTUEJTKHVGPKP7TMWPFGPOCRRG$#J-&1++



/GFCKNNG \WO 'JTGPVKVGN 8GTFKGPVGT /KVCTDGKVGT FGU 5VCCVUUKEJGTJGKV  #WUHÒJTWPI $WPVOGVCNN   XGTIQNFGVVNYGOCKNNKGTVCP2GPVCIQPCN$CPFURCPIG\WUCOOGPOKV+PVGTKOUURCPIGKP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK $#D-&1 ++



'TKPPGTWPIUCD\GKEJGP \WO  ,CJTGUVCI FGT )TÒPFWPI FGU /KPKUVGTKWOU HÒT 5VCCVUUKEJGTJGKV  

/H5 $WPVOGVCNNNCEMKGTVQJPG-WPUVJCT\ÒDGT\WI$# ++



#O  (GDTWCT  J·VVG FCU /KPKUVGTKWO HÒT 5VCCVUUKEJGTJGKV UGKP XKGT\KIL·JTKIGU $GUVGJGP HGKGTP MÌPPGP   CNNGTFKPIU DGUVCPF GU \W FKGUGO <GKVRWPMV ICT PKEJV OGJT FC GU KP\YKUEJGP CNU #OV HÒT 0CVKQPCNG 5KEJGTJGKV  

#H05  WODGPCPPV OKV $GUEJNW­ FGU /KPKUVGTTCVGU FGT &&4 XQO  &G\GODGT  CWHIGNÌUV YQTFGP YCT   &GPPQEJ YCT UEJQP KO 8GTNCWH FGU ,CJTGU  FCU 'TKPPGTWPIU\GKEJGP \WO L·JTKIGP $GUVGJGP FGU /H5   JGTIGUVGNNVYQTFGPFCULGFQEJCWHITWPFFGUUGP#WHNÌUWPIPKEJVOGJT\WT#WUICDGIGNCPIVKUV0CEJWPXGTDKPFNKEJGP +PHQTOCVKQPGP FGU 'KPNKGHGTGTU UGK FGT CNNGTITÌ­VG 6GKN FGT#WHNCIGXGTPKEJVGVYQTFGPWPFPWTYGPKIG'ZGORNCTG UGKGPKP5COONGTJ·PFGIGNCPIV



%NCTC<GVMKP/GFCKNNGOKV7TMWPFG#WUICDG TÒEMUGKVKIOKV5VCCVUYCRRGP $WPVOG- VCNN XGTUKNDGTV CP 5EJNGKHG OKV +PVGTKOUUEJNGKHG WPF #PUVGEMGT KO 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK OKV 8GTNGKJWPIUWT-   MWPFGHÒT4WVJ5EJYQ[FCVKGTVKP7TMWPFGPOCRRG$#F-&1 ++

292 293







 96

ex 294



295

'JTGP\GKEJGP FGT &GWVUEJGP 8QNMURQNK\GK  /QFGNN 5VGEMCD\GKEJGP (CJPG OKV +PUEJTKHV        #WUHÒJTWPI $WPVOGVCNN XGTIQNFGV VNY XGTUKNDGTV GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG   6T·IGTPWOOGTCP0CFGNKO'VWK$#C-&1 ++



'JTGP\GKEJGP FGT &GWVUEJGP 8QNMURQNK\GK  /QFGNN      #WUHÒJTWPI DQIGPHÌTOKIG   ¤UG 4ÒEMUGKVGINCVV$WPVOGVCNNVNYXGTUKNDGTVVNYGOCKNNKGTVCP2GPVCIQPCN$CPFURCPIGOKV+PVGTKOU URCPIGKO8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK$#FXCT-&1 ++



/GFCKNNGHÒTXQTDKNFNKEJGP)TGP\FKGPUVOKV7TMWPFG 'TUVG#WUHÒJTWPI$TQP\GCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG 8GTNGKJWPIUPWOOGTCP2GPVCIQPCN$CPFURCPIG\WUCOOGPOKV+PVGTKOUURCPIGKO8GTNGKJWPIU- GVWK OKV 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG HÒT .GWVPCPV *GKPTKEJ *GNOU FCVKGTV CO  OKV 1TKIKPCN   WPVGTUEJTKHV FGU %JGHU FGT &GWVUEJGP )TGP\RQNK\GK *GTOCPP )CTVOCPP KP 7TMWPFGPOCRRG $#   C-&1 ++



.GKUVWPIUCD\GKEJGP FGT &GWVUEJGP )TGP\RQNK\GK  #WUHÒJTWPI $TQP\G CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG 6T·IGT-   PWOOGTCP0CFGNKOUR·VGTGP'VWK$#C$#C-&1 4++




DEUTSCHE DEMOKRATISCHE REPUBLIK

297



300

299

296

/GFCKNNG HÃ&#x2019;T VTGWG &KGPUVG KP FGT -CUGTPKGTVGP 8QNMURQNK\GK $WPVOGVCNN OKV 8GTNGKJWPIUPWOOGT    CP 2GPVCIQPCN$CPFURCPIG OKV +PVGTKOUURCPIG KO 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK $# C -&1    ++





.GKUVWPIUCD\GKEJGPFGT-CUGTPKGTVGP8QNMURQNK\GK$TQP\GCWHFGT4Ã&#x2019;EMUGKVG6T·IGTPWOOGT   CP0CFGNKO8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK$#C$#C-&1 4++





.GKUVWPIUCD\GKEJGPFGT-CUGTPKGTVGP8QNMURQNK\GK$TQP\GQJPG6T·IGTPWOOGTCP0CFGNKP2NCUVKM- UEJCEJVGN$#D$#D-&1 ++





8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG FGT 0CVKQPCNGP 8QNMUCTOGG )QNFUVWHG  #WUHÃ&#x2019;JTWPI XQP  DKU  5KNDGT   XGTIQNFGV CWH FGT 4Ã&#x2019;EMUGKVG 8GTNGKJWPIUPWOOGT  4CPFRWP\G   OKV *CNDOQPF  CP   2GPVCIQPCN$CPFURCPIGOKV+PVGTKOUURCPIGKO8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK$#C-&1 4++



8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNGFGT0CVKQPCNGP8QNMUCTOGG5KNDGTUVWHG#WUHÃ&#x2019;JTWPIXQPDKU5KNDGT CWH FGT4Ã&#x2019;EMUGKVG8GTNGKJWPIUPWOOGT4CPFRWP\G  CP2GPVCIQPCN$CPFURCPIGOKV +PVGTKOUURCPIGKO8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK$#C-&1 ++



8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNGFGT0CVKQPCNGP8QNMUCTOGG$TQP\GUVWHG#WUHÃ&#x2019;JTWPIXQPDKU$WPV- OGVCNNCWHFGT4Ã&#x2019;EMUGKVG8GTNGKJWPIUPWOOGTCP2GPVCIQPCN$CPFURCPIGOKV+PVGTKOUURCPIG KO8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK$#C-&1 ++







302











303

305

ex 306

/GFCKNNG HÃ&#x2019;T VTGWG &KGPUVG KP FGT 0CVKQPCNGP 8QNMUCTOGG )QNFGPG /GFCKNNG HÃ&#x2019;T  &KGPUVLCJTG    #WUHÃ&#x2019;JTWPI XQP  DKU  5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV VNY GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4Ã&#x2019;EMUGKVG 5KNDGTRWP\G      CP 2GPVCIQPCN$CPFURCPIG OKV +PVGTKOUURCPIG KO 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK $# G -&1    4++



/GFCKNNGHÃ&#x2019;TVTGWG&KGPUVGKPFGT0CVKQPCNGP8QNMUCTOGG)QNFGPG/GFCKNNG#WUHÃ&#x2019;JTWPIXQP DKU  5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV 8GTIQNFWPI VNY XGTICPIGP CWH FGT 4Ã&#x2019;EMUGKVG 5KNDGTRWP\G    OKV   *CNDOQPF CP 2GPVCIQPCN$CPFURCPIG OKV +PVGTKOUURCPIG KO 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK $# F -&1    +++++



/GFCKNNGHÃ&#x2019;TVTGWG&KGPUVGKPFGT0CVKQPCNGP8QNMUCTOGG5KNDGTPG/GFCKNNG#WUHÃ&#x2019;JTWPIXQP DKU  5KNDGT KO 4CPF 5KNDGTRWP\G    CP 2GPVCIQPCN$CPFURCPIG OKV +PVGTKOUURCPIG KO   8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK$#E-&1 ++



.GKUVWPIUCD\GKEJGPFGT0CVKQPCNGP8QNMUCTOGG#WUHÃ&#x2019;JTWPI 9CRRGPPCEJVT·INKEJGKPIGUEJNCIGP   $TQP\G CWH FGT 4Ã&#x2019;EMUGKVG 8GTNGKJWPIUPWOOGT  CP 0CFGN KO 'VWK $# E   $#E-&1 4++



<QNNXGTYCNVWPI FGT &GWVUEJGP &GOQMTCVKUEJGP 4GRWDNKM 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG )QNF 5KNDGT WPF   $TQP\GUVWHG /GFCKNNG HÃ&#x2019;T VTGWG &KGPUVG HÃ&#x2019;T   WPF  ,CJTG )QNF WPF 5KNDGTUVWHG ,GYGKNU CP   2GPVCIQPCN$CPFURCPIGP \WUCOOGP OKV +PVGTKOUURCPIGP KP 2NCUVKMUEJCEJVGNP $# D E   EDDDDD-&1 5VÃ&#x2019;EM++

 97


DEUTSCHE DEMOKRATISCHE REPUBLIK

307

















ex 311

ex 312

ex 310

(TKV\ *GEMGTV /GFCKNNG FGU (TGKGP &GWVUEJGP )GYGTMUEJCHVUDWPFGU  #WUICDG GKPUVWHKI  DKU      #WUHÒJTWPI 5KNDGT OKV 4CPFRWP\G  CP 5EJNGKHG \WUCOOGP OKV +PVGTKOUUEJNGKHG KO   8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK \WUCOOGP OKV 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG HÒT 9CNVGT *GUU FCVKGTV  OKV 1TKIK   PCNWPVGTUEJTKHVFGU$WPFGUXQTUKV\GPFGP*GTDGTV9CTPMGKP7TMWPFGPOCRRG$#C 4++



-QPXQNWV XQP EC  'JTGP\GKEJGP FGT &GWVUEJGP &GOQMTCVKUEJGP 4GRWDNKM &CTWPVGT 8GTFKGPUV-   OGFCKNNGPWPF/GFCKNNGPHÒTVTGWG&KGPUVGFGT0CVKQPCNGP8QNMUCTOGGFGTDGYCHHPGVGP1TICPGFGU+PPGP- OKPKUVGTKWOU FGT -CORHVTWRRGP FGT #TDGKVGTMNCUUG FGT <KXKNXGTVGKFKIWPI FGT &GWVUEJGP 2QUV 2GUVC   NQ\\K/GFCKNNG 0GWDCWGT/GFCKNNG WPF .GUUKPI/GFCKNNG KP GKPGT QFGT KP OGJTGTGP 5VWHGP CP 2GPVC   IQPCN$CPFURCPIGPQFGTCP6TCIGURCPIGPLGYGKNUOKV+PVGTKOUURCPIGPKP2NCUVKMUEJCEJVGN 5VÒEM++



-QPXQNWV XQP EC  'JTGP\GKEJGP FGT &GWVUEJGP &GOQMTCVKUEJGP 4GRWDNKM &CTWPVGT 8GTFKGPUV-   OGFCKNNGPWPF/GFCKNNGPHÒTVTGWG&KGPUVGFGT0CVKQPCNGP8QNMUCTOGGFGTDGYCHHPGVGP1TICPGFGU+PPGP- OKPKUVGTKWOU FGT -CORHVTWRRGP FGT #TDGKVGTMNCUUG FGT <KXKNXGTVGKFKIWPI FGT &GWVUEJGP 2QUV   2GUVCNQ\\K/GFCKNNG 0GWDCWGT/GFCKNNG WPF .GUUKPI/GFCKNNG KP GKPGT QFGT KP OGJTGTGP 5VWHGP CP   2GPVCIQPCN$CPFURCPIGPQFGTCP6TCIGURCPIGPLGYGKNUOKV+PVGTKOUURCPIGPKP2NCUVKMUEJCEJVGN  5VÒEM++



-QPXQNWV XQP EC  1TFGP 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNGP WPF &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPIGP 7 C FGT 0CVKQPCNGP   8QNMUCTOGGFGTDGYCHHPGVGP1TICPGFGU+PPGPOKPKUVGTKWOUFGT-CORHVTWRRGPFGT#TDGKVGTMNCUUGWPF FGT <KXKNXGTVGKFKIWPI 1TFGP $CPPGT FGT #TDGKV WPF 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG FGT &&4 KP XGTUEJKGFGPGP   /CVGTKCNKGPVGKNUXGTIQNFGVVGKNUXGTUKNDGTVGKPKIGGOCKNNKGTVCP2GPVCIQPCNURCPIGPKP&&4#TV \WUCOOGPOKV+PVGTKOURCPIGPKP2NCUVKM8GTNGKJWPIUUEJCEJVGNPHÒPH\WUCOOGPCP1TFGPUUEJPCNNGOQP- VKGTVCP0CFGN&C\WGKPG8KGTGT+PVGTKOUURCPIG+PIWVGP'TJCNVWPIGP 5VÒEM++



-QPXQNWV XQP EC  1TFGP 'JTGP WPF #D\GKEJGP7C8CVGTN·PFKUEJGT8GTFKGPUVQTFGPKP5KNDGT WPF $TQP\G 'JTGP\GKEJGP ,WDKN·WOUOGFCKNNGP WPF #D\GKEJGP FGT 0CVKQPCNGP 8QNMUCTOGG FGT   )TGP\VTWRRGP FGT (&, WPF FGT -CORHVTWRRGP FGT #TDGKVGTMNCUUG WPF FGT (GWGTYGJT XGTUEJKGFGPG   5VWHGPCP2GPVCIQPCN$CPFURCPIGPQFGTCP6TCIGURCPIGPVGKNUOKV+PVGTKOUURCPIGPKP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK QFGTKP2NCUVKMUEJCEJVGN 5VÒEM++



-QPXQNWVXQPECPGWP'JTGP\GKEJGP7CZ'JTGP\GKEJGPHÒT8GTFKGPUVGKO$TCPFUEJWV\WPFZ ,WDKN·WOUOGFCKNNG,CJTG0CVKQPCNG8QNMUCTOGGCP6TCIGURCPIGPLGYGKNUOKV+PVGTKOUURCPIGPKP 2NCUVKMUEJCEJVGN ++



(TGKG&GWVUEJG,WIGPF /GFCKNNG(TKGFGPUCWHIGDQVFGT&GWVUEJGP,WIGPFCPGOCKNNKGTVGT6TCIG- URCPIG   /GFCKNNG (ÒT #WUIG\GKEJPGVG .GKUVWPIGP KO  $GTWHUYGVVDGYGTD FGT &GWVUEJGP ,WIGPF    CP GOCKNNKGTVGT 6TCIGURCPIG ,GYGKNU KP QTFGPVNKEJGO <WUVCPF &C\W /GFCKNNG \WO 'JTGPVKVGN   8GTFKGPVGT#MVKXKUVCP$CPFURCPIGKO'VWK 5VÒEM++



-QPXQNWV XQP EC HÒPH 1TFGP EC  'JTGP\GKEJGP WPF EC FTGK #D\GKEJGP 7 C 8CVGTN·PFKUEJGT   8GTFKGPUVQTFGP-CORHQTFGPWPF1TFGP$CPPGTFGT#TDGKV/GFCKNNGHÒTVTGWG&KGPUVGKPFGT08# FKVQKPFGPDGYCHHPGVGP1TICPGPFGU+PPGPOKPKUVGTKWOU/GFCKNNGHÒTVTGWG&KGPUVGHTGKYKNNKIGT*GNHGT DGKO 5EJWV\ FGT 5VCCVUITGP\G MQORN 5CV\  VGKNU XGTIQNFGV VGKNU XGTUKNDGTV VGKNU GOCKNNKGTV VGKNU   NCEMKGTV ITÌ­VGPVGKNU CP 2GPVCIQPCN$CPFURCPIGP XKGT 5VÒEM \WUCOOGP CP $CPFURCPIG OQPVKGTV VGKNU   \WUCOOGP OKV +PVGTKOUURCPIGP KP 'VWKU QFGT KP 2NCUVKMGVWKU #D\GKEJGP CP 0CFGNP &C\W GKP   'JTGPIGUEJGPMHÒT&KGPUVLCJTGKPFGT08#EC8GTNGKJWPIUWPF'JTGPWTMWPFGPGKPNGGTGU'VWK WPFXKGTNGGTG2NCUVKMGVWKU 5VÒEM++



*ÒDUEJG&&45COONWPI



98

#EJUGNUEJPWT HÒT )GPGTCNG FGT 08# KP GVYCU DGUEJ·FKIVGT 1TKIKPCNUEJCEJCEJVGN \WUCOOGP OKV   5EJÒV\GPUEJPWTOKV#D\GKEJGP\YGK-QRRGNUEJNÌUUGTEC/ÒV\GPCD\GKEJGPGKPGO/ÒV\GPDCPFWPF EC.CWHDCJPCD\GKEJGPFGT/CTKPGGPVYGFGTOKV/GVCNNCWHNCIGQFGTIGUVKEMV 5VÒEM++




BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND

$70&'54'27$.+-&'765%*.#0& 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP FGT $WPFGUTGRWDNKM &GWVUEJNCPF WPF KJTGT $WPFGUN·PFGT GDGPUQ YKG FGTGP   /KPKCVWTGP$CPFUVGIG-PQRHNQEJUEJNGKHGPWPF$CPFUEJPCNNGPFÒTHGPIGO·­h#DU)GUGV\ÒDGT6KVGN 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP PWT CP $GTGEJVKIVG CDIGIGDGP YGTFGP #NU $GTGEJVKIVG IGNVGP JKGTDGK PGDGP FGP   $GNKGJGPGP CWEJ CNNG FKGLGPKIGP 2GTUQPGP FKG KO $GUKV\ GKPGT 5COOGNIGPGJOKIWPI UKPF &KGUG 5COOGN   IGPGJOKIWPI GTVGKNV CWH #PHTCIG FKG LGYGKNU \WUV·PFKIG $GJÌTFG &KG <WUV·PFKIMGKV KUV KP FGP GKP\GNPGP   $WPFGUN·PFGTP WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJ IGTGIGNV  &KG 'TVGKNWPI GKPGT UQNEJGP )GPGJOKIWPI MCPP IGO·­ FGU   -QOOGPVCTU \WO )GUGV\ XQP FGT \WUV·PFKIGP $GJÌTFG PWT DGK 8QTNKGIGP UEJYGTYKGIGPFGT )TÒPFG   XGTYGKIGTV YGTFGP /KV GKPGO )GDQV CWH 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP FGT $WPFGUTGRWDNKM WPF KJTGT   $WPFGUN·PFGTXGTUKEJGTVFGT$KGVGTKOQTFPWPIUIGO·­GP$GUKV\GKPGTUQNEJGP5COOGNIGPGJOKIWPI\WUGKP

316 (1:1)



8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGT $WPFGUTGRWDNKM &GWVUEJNCPF 5GV FGT 5QPFGTUVWHG FGU )TQ­MTGW\GU HÒT *GTTGP   DGUVGJGPF CWU -NGKPQF $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO OCUEJKPGPIGUVKEMVGP 5EJWNVGTDCPF WPF   $TWUVUVGTP5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFVNYGOCKNNKGTVCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG5KNDGTRWP\GCP0CFGN-&1 5. 5VÒEM++ #PHGTVKIWPIFGT(KTOC5VGKPJCWGT.ÒEMKP.ÒFGPUEJGKFFGTGT,CJTG







&GT 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGT $WPFGUTGRWDNKM &GWVUEJNCPF CWEJ $WPFGUXGTFKGPUVQTFGP IGPCPPV  YWTFG XQP $WPFGU   RT·UKFGPV2TQH&T6JGQFQT*GWUU  OKV'TNC­XQO5GRVGODGT XGTÌHHGPVNKEJVKO$WPFGUIGUGV\ DNCVV+XQP5 CNU\WP·EJUVHÒPHUVWHKIGT )TQ­MTGW\)TQ­GU8GTFKGPUVMTGW\OKV5VGTP)TQ­GU8GTFKGPUV MTGW\8GTFKGPUVMTGW\WPF8GTFKGPUVMTGW\CO$CPFG CNNIGOGKPGT8GTFKGPUVQTFGPIGUVKHVGV  

/KV 'TNC­ XQO  ,WPK  ÒDGT FKG 'TI·P\WPI FGU 5VCVWVU FGU 8GTFKGPUVQTFGPU FGT $WPFGUTGRWDNKM &GWVUEJNCPF   YWTFGFCU8GTFKGPUVMTGW\OKV5VGTPWPF5EJWNVGTDCPFIGUVKHVGVWPFFKG6TCIGYGKUGFGU)TQ­GP8GTFKGPUVMTGW\GUOKV 5VGTP /QFGNN IG·PFGTV#O5GRVGODGTGTHQNIVGHQTONQUFWTEJ8GTNGKJWPIFKG'KPHÒJTWPIFGU8GTFKGPUV- MTGW\GU CO $CPFG HÒT #PIGUVGNNVG WPF #TDGKVGT FGT HTGKGP 9KTVUEJCHV FKG GKPGO WPF FGOUGNDGP &KGPUVJGTTP   #TDGKVIGDGTQFGT$GVTKGD,CJTGNCPIKP6TGWGIGFKGPVJCDGP 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\HÒT#TDGKVULWDKNCTGņ/QFGNN   

/KV'TNC­XQO&G\GODGTÒDGTFKG0GWHCUUWPIFGU5VCVWVUFGU8GTFKGPUVQTFGPUFGT$WPFGUTGRWDNKM&GWVUEJ- NCPF YWTFGP FKG 5QPFGTUVWHG FGU )TQ­MTGW\GU WPF FKG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG IGUVKHVGV FKG )TÌ­G FGT 5QPFGTUVWHG FGU   )TQ­MTGW\GU HÒT &COGP WPF FGU )TQ­MTGW\GUHÒT&COGPIG·PFGTV5EJWNVGTD·PFGTHÒT&COGPHÒTFKG5QPFGTUVWHG FGU )TQ­MTGW\GU HÒT FCU )TQ­MTGW\ WPF HÒT FCU )TQ­G 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ OKV 5VGTP WPF 5EJWNVGTDCPF GKPG UQIGP   ITQ­GP &COGPUEJNGKHG HÒT FCU )TQ­G 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ OKV 5VGTP WPF FCU )TQ­G 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ WPF GKPG UQIGP   MNGKPGP &COGPUEJNGKHG HÒT FCU $WPFGUXGTFKGPUVMTGW\ CO $CPFG GKPIGHÒJTV WPF FCU 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ KP   8GTFKGPUVMTGW\-NCUUGWODGPCPPV  

#O/CKGTHQNIVGHQTONQUFWTEJ8GTNGKJWPIFKG'KPHÒJTWPIFGT$CPFURCPIGHÒTFCU8GTFKGPUVMTGW\HÒT #TDGKVULWDKNCTGWPFYWTFGHÒTFKGUG5VWHGHQTONQUFCU$CPFFGT$WPFGUXGTFKGPUVOGFCKNNGGKPIGHÒJTV/KV'TNC­ XQO&G\GODGTYWTFGWCFKG8GTNGKJWPIFGU8GTFKGPUVMTGW\GUHÒT#TDGKVULWDKNCTGGKPIGUVGNNVFCUUQOKV OKV&CVWOXQO5GRVGODGTXGTNKGJGPYQTFGPYCT  

9QJNWOGTHQNIVGFKGHQTONQUGPFGTWPIFGT)TÌ­GFGU8GTFKGPUVMTGW\GU-NCUUGHÒT&COGPWPFFGU8GT- FKGPUVMTGW\GUCO$CPFGHÒT&COGP  

)GIGPY·TVKI XGTHÒIV FGT $WPFGUXGTFKGPUVQTFGP ÒDGT PGWP 5VWHGP 5QPFGTUVWHG \WO )TQ­MTGW\ )TQ­MTGW\ KP   DGUQPFGTGT#WUHÒJTWPI)TQ­MTGW\)TQ­GU8GTFKGPUVMTGW\OKV5VGTPWPF5EJWNVGTDCPF)TQ­GU8GTFKGPUVMTGW\OKV 5VGTP)TQ­GU8GTFKGPUVMTGW\8GTFKGPUVMTGW\-NCUUG8GTFKGPUVMTGW\CO$CPFGWPF8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG  

<WT )GUEJKEJVG FGU 1TFGPU WPF UGKPGT 'PVYKEMNWPI XIN )GKIGT 4QNH .KPFPGT ,ÒTIGP WPF 9ÌTPGT (TCPM    ,CJTG8GTFKGPUVQTFGPFGT$WPFGUTGRWDNKM&GWVUEJNCPF+P1TFGPWPF'JTGP\GKEJGP&CU/CIC\KPHÒT5COONGTWPF (QTUEJGT,CJTICPI*GHV#WIWUV5HH

99


BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND

317 (1:1)



8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGT $WPFGUTGRWDNKM &GWVUEJNCPF 5GV FGU )TQ­MTGW\GU KP DGUQPFGTGT #WUHÃ&#x2019;JTWPI   \YGKVG#PHGTVKIWPI  DGUVGJGPFCWU-NGKPQF$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGPIG- UVKEMVGPWPFIGHÃ&#x2019;VVGTVGP5EJWNVGTDCPFWPF$TWUVUVGTP5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFVNYGOCKNNKGTVCWHFGT4Ã&#x2019;EM- UGKVG 5KNDGTRWP\G  CP 0CFGN\WUCOOGPOKV$CPFUVGIOKV#WHNCIG KOUGRCTCVGP5EJ·EJVGNEJGP  KOQTKIKPCNGPIQNFHCTDGPDGFTWEMVGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWKFGT(KTOC5VGKPJCWGT.Ã&#x2019;EMKP.Ã&#x2019;FGPUEJGKFKO QTKIKPCNGPªDGTMCTVQP-&15. 44++  &CU )TQ­MTGW\ KP DGUQPFGTGT #WUHÃ&#x2019;JTWPI GTMGPPDCT CO WO FCU /GFCKNNQP JGTWO CPIGDTCEJVGP .QTDGGTMTCP\    YWTFGUGKV5VKHVWPIFGU1TFGPUDKUJGTPWT\YGK/CNXGTNKGJGPWPF\YCTCWU#PNC­UGKPGU)GDWTVUVCIGUCO ,CPWCTCP$WPFGUMCP\NGT&T-QPTCF#FGPCWGTWPFCO1MVQDGTCWU#PNC­UGKPGT8GTCDUEJKGFWPI CP$WPFGUMCP\NGT&T*GNOWV-QJNHÃ&#x2019;TFGUUGP8GTFKGPUVGWOFKG9KGFGTXGTGKPKIWPI&GWVUEJNCPFU

319 318



8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGT $WPFGUTGRWDNKM &GWVUEJNCPF $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­GP 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ OKV 5VGTP   WPF5EJWNVGTDCPF5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFVNYGOCKNNKGTVCWHFGT4Ã&#x2019;EMUGKVG5KNDGTRWP\GCP0CFGN -&15. ++



#PHGTVKIWPIFGT(KTOC5VGKPJCWGT.Ã&#x2019;EMKP.Ã&#x2019;FGPUEJGKFFGTGT,CJTG



100

8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGT $WPFGUTGRWDNKM &GWVUEJNCPF )TQ­GU 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ CWEJ )TQ­GU $WPFGUXGT-   FKGPUVMTGW\IGPCPPV#WUHÃ&#x2019;JTWPIHÃ&#x2019;T*GTTGP#PHGTVKIWPIFGT(KTOC%',WPEMGTKP$GTNKP$TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO IGP·JVGP *CNUDCPF \WUCOOGP OKV GTI·P\VGO $CPFUVGI FGT (KTOC 5VGKP   JCWGT  .Ã&#x2019;EM KP .Ã&#x2019;FGPUEJGKF OKV #WHNCIG KO QTKIKPCNGP GVYCU DGTKGDGPGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWKFGT(KTOC ,WPEMGTOKVIQNFHCTDGPGO$WPFGUCFNGT-&15. ++




BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND

322

321

320





8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGT $WPFGUTGRWDNKM &GWVUEJNCPF )TQ­GU 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ CWEJ )TQ­GU $WPFGUXGT-   FKGPUVMTGW\IGPCPPV#WUHÃ&#x2019;JTWPIHÃ&#x2019;T*GTTGP$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOIGP·JVGP*CNUDCPF -&15. ++



8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGT $WPFGUTGRWDNKM &GWVUEJNCPF 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ + -NCUUG HÃ&#x2019;T *GTTGP #PHGTVKIWPI   FGT(KTOC%',WPEMGTKP$GTNKP$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCPDCWEJKIGT0CFGN\WUCOOGPOKV $CPFUEJNGKHG OKV #WHNCIG DGUEJ·FKIV  CP 0CFGN KO QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK   FGT(KTOC,WPEMGT-&15. ++



#WHITWPF FGT DGKIGHÃ&#x2019;IVGP 5EJNGKHG OKV 0CFGN FÃ&#x2019;THVG GU UKEJ JKGTDGK GXGPVWGNN WO GKPG 8GTNGKJWPI HÃ&#x2019;T GKPG (TCW   IGJCPFGNVJCDGP



8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGT $WPFGUTGRWDNKM &GWVUEJNCPF 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ + -NCUUG HÃ&#x2019;T &COGP $TQP\G   XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CP FÃ&#x2019;PPGT 0CFGN \WUCOOGP OKV $CPFUEJNGKHG OKV #WHNCIG CP 0CFGN KO   QTKIKPCNGPIQNFHCTDGPDGFTWEMVGPGVYCUXGTUEJOWV\VGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWKFGT(KTOC5VGKPJCWGT.Ã&#x2019;EMKP .Ã&#x2019;FGPUEJGKF-&15. 4++



+PFKGUGTHTÃ&#x2019;JGP#WUHÃ&#x2019;JTWPICWUFGPGT,CJTGPPKEJVJ·WHKI\WHKPFGP

ex 323 324





8GTFKGPUVQTFGPFGT$WPFGUTGRWDNKM&GWVUEJNCPF8GTFKGPUVMTGW\CO$CPFGHÃ&#x2019;T&COGP$TQP\GXGT- IQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCP&COGPUEJNGKHG\WUCOOGPOKV$CPFUEJNGKHGCP0CFGNKOQTKIKPCNGPIQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC 5VGKPJCWGT  .Ã&#x2019;EM &C\W $WPFGUXGTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG HÃ&#x2019;T &COGP   $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF VNY GOCKNNKGTV $TWUVDCPF \WUCOOGP OKV $CPFUEJNGKHG CP 0CFGN KO QTKIKPCNGP   IQNFHCTDGPDGFTWEMVGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWKFGT(KTOC5VGKPJCWGT.Ã&#x2019;EM-&15.  5VÃ&#x2019;EM++



8GTFKGPUVQTFGPFGT$WPFGUTGRWDNKM&GWVUEJNCPF8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFVNYGOCKN NKGTVCO$CPF\WUCOOGPOKV$CPFUEJNGKHGKOQTKIKPCNGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWKFGT(KTOC5VGKPJCWGT.Ã&#x2019;EM KP.Ã&#x2019;FGPUEJGKFOKVIQNFHCTDGPGO$WPFGUCFNGT-&15. ++



+P FKGUGT HTÃ&#x2019;JGP #WUHÃ&#x2019;JTWPI CWU FGP GT ,CJTGP YGKVCWU UGNVGPGT \W HKPFGP CNU FKG $WPFGUXGTFKGPUVMTGW\G   FGUUGNDGP<GKVTCWOGU &KG $WPFGUXGTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG HÃ&#x2019;T &COGP YKTF IGPGTGNN GDGPHCNNU CO $TWUVDCPF XGTNKGJGP WPF IGVTCIGP UKG WPVGT   UEJGKFGVUKEJXQPFGT*GTTGPCWUHÃ&#x2019;JTWPICNNGKPGFWTEJFKGDGKIGHÃ&#x2019;IVG$CPFUEJNGKHGCP0CFGNUVCVVFGU$CPFUVGIGUKP FGT#WUHÃ&#x2019;JTWPIHÃ&#x2019;T*GTTGP

101


DEUTSCHLAND - ORDENSSCHNALLEN

325 326



8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGT $WPFGUTGRWDNKM &GWVUEJNCPF 5GV FGU )TQ­GP 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\GU OKV 5VGTP WPF   5EJWNVGTDCPF #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC 5VGKPJCWGT  .ÒEM KP .ÒFGPUEJGKF DGUVGJGPF CWU )TQ­GU 8GT-   FKGPUVMTGW\$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGPLGFQEJ\YGKHCEJFWTEJUEJPKVVGPGP5EJWNVGT- DCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF VNY GOCKNNKGTV #WUHÒJTWPI OKV TÒEMUGKVKIGT TWPFGT #D   FGEMWPI FGU <GPVTWOU CP 0CFGN FKGUG OKV *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G 5V. 5KNDGTRWP\G  WPF HTCP\Ì   UKUEJGT'KPHWJTRWP\GXQPDKU 5EJYCPGPRWP\G -&15. 5VÒEM++



$#;'40(4'+56##6 5'+6$<9  

$C[GTKUEJG/CZKOKNKCPUQTFGPHÒT9KUUGPUEJCHVWPF-WPUV1TFGPUMTGW\5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKN- NKGTV KO $CPFTKPI GKPIGUEJNCIGPG /CVTKMGNPWOOGT  *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G )* FGT (KTOC )GDTÒFGT   *GOOGTNGKP/ÒPEJGPWPF5KNDGTRWP\GQJPG*CNUDCPF-&15. ++



&'765%*.#0&416'5-4'7< 

-QPXQNWVXQPUGEJUXGTUEJKGFGPGP8KXCV$·PFGTP\WO$GUVGPFGU4QVGP-TGW\GU$GFTWEMV

++



328

&'765%*.#0&14&'055%*0#..'0 

102

)TQ­G INCVVG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG GKPGU 8GVGTCPGP FGU &GWVUEJGP -TKGIGU  OKV FTGK GKPIGJ·PIVGP   #WU\GKEJPWPIGP 5CEJUGP#NNIGOGKPGU'JTGP\GKEJGP  D\Y'JTGPMTGW\   #WUHÒJTWPI 9CRRGP URKV\ \WNCWHGPF    2TGW­GP 'TKPPGTWPIUMTGW\ 64'7'0 -4+')'40    XGTNKGJGPG#WUHÒJTWPIOKVMCPPGNKGTVGT¤UG 2TGW­GP<GPVGPCTOGFCKNNGCP0CFGN ++




DEUTSCHLAND - ORDENSSCHNALLEN

329



)TQ­GMTCWUG1TFGPUUEJPCNNGGKPGUYÒTVVGODGTIKUEJGP7PVGTQHHK\KGTUWPF8GVGTCPGPFGU&GWVUEJ (TCP\ÌUKUEJGP-TKGIGUOKVUGEJU#WU\GKEJPWPIGP 2TGW­GP'KUGTPGU-TGW\-TGW\  -NCUUG 'KUGPMGTP IGUEJY·T\V 5KNDGT\CTIG XGTNKGJGPGU 'ZGORNCT  OKV 'KEJGPNCWDURCPIG      9ÒTVVGODGTI&KGPUV'JTGP\GKEJGP/QFGNN  -TGW\-NCUUGHÒT&KGPUVLCJTGFGT7P- VGTQHHK\KGTG FKGIGMTGW\VGP5EJYGTVGTCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVGPCEJWPVGPIGTKEJVGV $TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFVNY GOCKNNKGTV   2TGW­GP -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G  HÒT -·ORHGT $TQP\G OKV 4CPFRT·IWPI #75   '41$'46'/ )'5%*7'6< OKV XKGT )GHGEJVUURCPIGP 2#4+5 8+..+'45 5'&#0 WPF   9¤46*   9ÒTVVGODGTI 5KNDGTPG 4GIKGTWPIULWDKN·WOUOGFCKNNG  5KNDGT   2TGW­GP #NNIG   OGKPGU'JTGP\GKEJGP-NCUUG5KNDGT 2TGW­GP<GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG#P0CFGN 5VÒEM++



5GJT UEJÌPG CNVG KP CNNGP 6GKNGP QTKIKPCNG WPF UVKOOKIG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG KP JGTXQTTCIGPFGT LGFQEJ IGVTCIGPGT   'TJCNVWPI

330 (1:2)



)TQ­G (GNFUEJPCNNG GKPGU VJÒTKPIKUEJ !DCFKUEJ !  RTGW­KUEJGP )GPGTCNU WPF 8GVGTCPGP FGU   &GWVUEJ(TCP\ÌUKUEJGP-TKGIGUWPFFGU'TUVGP9GNVMTKGIUHÒTCEJV#WU\GKEJ- PWPIGP 2TGW­GP'KUGTPGU-TGW\-TGW\-NCUUGOKV'KEJGPNCWDURCPIGWPF9KGFGTJQ- NWPIUURCPIGFGU'KUGTPGP-TGW\GU 2TGW­GP4QVGT#FNGT1TFGP 2TGW­GP-TQPGPQTFGP  2TGW­GP 1HHK\KGTU&KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI HÒT  ,CJTG 2TGW­GP-TKGIUFGPMOÒP\GHÒT-·ORHGT  $TQP\G OKV 4CPFRT·IWPI #75 '41$'46'/ )'5%*7'6< OKV HÒPH )GHGEJVUURCPIGP .'   /#05 01+55'8+..' /'6< )4#8'.166'5624+8#6 WPF 8+108+..'/#45 .#   6174   2TGW­GP <GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG    $CFGP 1TFGP $GTVJQNFU + 4KVVGTMTGW\   $CFGP   1TFGPXQO<·JTKPIGT.ÌYGP4KVVGTMTGW\ QFGT-NCUUG OKV'KEJGPNCWD#P0CFGN ++



7PVGT-CV0TYGTFGPFTGK2JQVQUFGU6T·IGTUFKGUGT5RCPIGKPXQNNGO1TFGPUUEJOWEMCPIGDQVGP

331



)TQ­G MTCWUG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG GKPGU U·EJUKUEJGP 8GVGTCPGP FGU &GWVUEJ(TCP\ÌUKUEJGP -TKGIGU   OKVHÒPH#WU\GKEJPWPIGP 5CEJUGP#NDTGEJVUMTGW\GTUVG#WUHÒJTWPIOKVUGRCTCVIGRT·I- VGP/GFCKNNQPU  5KNDGT 2TGW­GP'KUGTPGU-TGW\-NCUUG'KUGPIGUEJY·T\V5KN- DGT\CTIG   5CEJUGP .CPFYGJT&KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI  -NCUUG  /QFGNN /GFCKNNG        2TGW­GP -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G  OKV 4CPFRT·IWPI #75 '41$'46'/ )'5%*7'6< OKV   HÒPH )GHGEJVUURCPIGP )4#8'.166'5624+8#6 $'#7/106 8+..+'45 5'&#0 WPF   2#4+5   2TGW­GP <GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG  &CU $CPF FGT <GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG GVYCU \GTUEJNKUUGPFCU #NDTGEJVUMTGW\ HCEJIGTGEJV CNV XQTCPIGUGV\V CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC)# 5EJCTHHGPDGTIKP&TGUFGPCP0CFGN 5VÒEM++

 103


DEUTSCHLAND - ORDENSSCHNALLEN

332





)TQ­G INCVVG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG GKPGU 8GVGTCPGP FGU &GWVUEJ(TCP\ÌUKUEJGP -TKGIGU  OKV   FTGKGKPIGJ·PIVGP#WU\GKEJPWPIGP 2TGW­GP-TKGIUFGPMOÒP\GQJPG4CPFRT·IWPIOKV UKGDGP)GHGEJVUURCPIGP52+%*'408+108+..'/#45.#6174)4#8'.166'5624+8#6 /'6<14.—#05$'#7/106WPF.'/#05 2TGW­GP<GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG 2TGWU GP.CPFYGJT&KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI-NCUUG5KNDGT/GFCKNNQPU)QNF#P0CFGN 5VÒEM++



)TQ­G INCVVG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG GKPGU 8GVGTCPGP FGU &GWVUEJ(TCP\ÌUKUEJGP -TKGIGU  OKV   FTGK GKPIGJ·PIVGP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP   2TGW­GP .CPFYGJT&KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI  -NCUUG 5KNDGT   /GFCKNNQPU )QNF   2TGW­GP -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G  OKV 4CPFRT·IWPI #75 '41$'46'/   )'5%*7'6< OKV XKGT )GHGEJVUURCPIGP .1+)0;21724; 14.—#05 $'#7)'0%;   %4#8#06WPF2#4+5 2TGW­GP<GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG#P0CFGN 5VÒEM++



334 (1:1,5)





104

333

335 (1:1,5)

)TQ­G INCVVG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG GKPGU U·EJUKUEJGP 8GVGTCPGP FGU &GWVUEJ(TCP\ÌUKUEJGP -TKGIGU   OKVXKGTGKPIGJ·PIVGP#WU\GKEJPWPIGP 5CEJUGP#NNIGOGKPGU'JTGP\GKEJGP   D\Y 'JTGPMTGW\    #WUHÒJTWPI 9CRRGP WPVGP CDIGTWPFGV OKV 5RKV\G    2TGW­GP   -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G  OKV 4CPFRT·IWPI #75 '41$'46'/ )'5%*7'6< OKV XKGT   )GHGEJVUURCPIGP )4#8'.166'5624+8#6 01+55'8+..' $'#70'.#41.#0&'WPF .' /#05   5CEJUGP &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI  /QFGNN   /GFCKNNG  -NCUUG HÒT    &KGPUVLCJTG 2TGW­GP<GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG#P0CFGN 5VÒEM++



)TQ­G INCVVG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG GKPGU 8GVGTCPGP FGU &GWVUEJ(TCP\ÌUKUEJGP -TKGIGU  OKV   FTGK GKPIGJ·PIVGP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP   2TGW­GP .CPFYGJT&KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI  -NCUUG 5KNDGT   /GFCKNNQPU )QNF   2TGW­GP -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G  OKV 4CPFRT·IWPI #75 '41$'46'/   )'5%*7'6< OKV HÒPH )GHGEJVUURCPIGP /'6< %1.1/$';017+..; 14.—#05   $'#7)'0%;%4#8#06WPF.'/#05 2TGW­GP<GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG#P0CFGN  5VÒEM++




DEUTSCHLAND - ORDENSSCHNALLEN

336



)TQ­G1TFGPUUEJPCNNGOKV&TGKGEMUD·PFGTPGKPGUU·EJUKUEJGP8GVGTCPGPFGU&GWVUEJ(TCP\ÌUKUEJGP -TKGIUOKVFTGK#WU\GKEJPWPIGP 5CEJUGP&KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI/QFGNN HÒTNCPIG WIWVG&KGPUVG #WUHÒJTWPI OKV.QTDGGTDNCVVWPVGTFGO# 5KNDGT CO$CPFFGU#NNIGOGKPGP'JTGP\GKEJGPU  D\YFGU'JTGPMTGW\GU   2TGW­GP -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G HÒT -·ORHGT  $TQP\G OKV 4CPFRT·IWPI #75 '41$'46'/ )'   5%*7'6<OKVXKGT\WUCOOGPIGNÌVGVGP)GHGEJVUURCPIGP/'6<$'#7/1065637'06+0 WPF)4#8'.166'5624+8#6 2TGW­GP<GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG#P0CFGN 5VÒEM+++++++



337



)TQ­G INCVVG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG GKPGU DCFKUEJGP 8GVGTCPGP FGU &GWVUEJ(TCP\ÌUKUEJGP -TKGIU     OKV XKGT #WU\GKEJPWPIGP   2TGW­GP -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G HÒT -·ORHGT  $TQP\G OKV   4CPFRT·IWPI #75 '41$'46'/ )'5%*7'6< OKV )GHGEJVUURCPIGP 564#55$74) WPF #0   &'4 .+5#+0'   $CFGP (GNFFKGPUV#WU\GKEJPWPI $TQP\G OKV \YGK $CPFURCPIGP  WPF    2TGW­GP<GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG $CFGP.CPFYGJT&KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI/QFGNN   $·PFGTGVYCU\GTUEJNKUUGPCP0CFGN 5VÒEM++



338



)TQ­GINCVVG1TFGPUUEJPCNNGOKVHÒPHGKPIGJ·PIVGPRTGW­KUEJGP#WU\GKEJPWPIGP -TGW\FGU#NN- IGOGKPGP'JTGP\GKEJGPU5KNDGT/GFCKNNQPU)QNF'KPJ·PIGJCMGPNQUG #NNIGOGKPGU'JTGP\GKEJGP -NCUUG5KNDGT &KGPUV#WU\GKEJPWPIU-TGW\ HÒTCMVKXG1HHK\KGTG XKGTVG#WUHÒJTWPI OKVITÌDGTIG- MÌTPVGP-TGW\CTOGPEC $TQP\GXGTIQNFGV <GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG <GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG  LGFQEJ CO $CPF FGU TWUUKUEJGP 5V #PPGP1TFGPU &KG #WU\GKEJPWPIGP OKV 6TCIGURWTGP WPF   GVYCUXGTUEJOWV\VCP0CFGNQJPG0CFGNJCMGP 5VÒEM+++++



5GJTKPVGTGUUCPVG5EJPCNNGCPFGTUKEJFCU-TGW\FGU#NNIGOGKPGP'JTGP\GKEJGPUWPFFKG1HHK\KGTU&KGPUVCWU\GKEJ- PWPI\WYKGFGTURTGEJGPUEJGKPGP#O$CPFFGUTWUUKUEJGP5V#PPGP1TFGPUMÌPPVGUKEJFCU-TGW\-NCUUGQFGT CDGTCWEJFKG-NGKPG/GFCKNNG(ÒT'KHGTKP)QNFQFGT5KNDGTDGHWPFGPJCDGP

105


DEUTSCHLAND - ORDENSSCHNALLEN

339



)TQ­GINCVVG1TFGPUUEJPCNNGGKPGUUEJYCT\DWTIUQPFGTUJCWUGPGT8GVGTCPGPFGU'TUVGP9GNVMTKGIGU OKVHÃ&#x2019;PHGKPIGJ·PIVGP#WU\GKEJPWPIGP 2TGW­GP'KUGTPGU-TGW\-NCUUG'KUGP IGUEJY·T\V 5KNDGT\CTIG KO $CPFTKPI RWP\KGTV 9W5   5EJYCT\DWTI 5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG HÃ&#x2019;T   8GTFKGPUV KO -TKGIG XGTUKNDGTV   &GWVUEJGU 4GKEJ 'JTGPMTGW\ FGU 9GNVMTKGIGU HÃ&#x2019;T (TQPVM·ORHGT   'KUGP DTQP\KGTV CWH FGT 4Ã&#x2019;EMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI %6*& WPF (KTOGPNQIQ   2TGW­GP   <GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG    5EJYCT\DWTI5QPFGTUJCWUGP 4GIKGTWPIU,WDKN·WOUOGFCKNNG 5KNDGT CP   0CFGN 5VÃ&#x2019;EM++



340



)TQ­GMTCWUG1TFGPUUEJPCNNGGKPGUUCEJUGPYGKOCTKUEJGP8GVGTCPGPFGU'TUVGP9GNVMTKGIGU  OKV HÃ&#x2019;PH #WU\GKEJPWPIGP   2TGW­GP 'KUGTPGU -TGW\   -NCUUG 'KUGP IGUEJY·T\V   5KNDGT\CTIG 5CEJUGP9GKOCT#NNIGOGKPGU'JTGP\GKEJGP/QFGNN OKV&'/8'4&+'056'  'JTGP\GKEJGPKP)QNFOKV5EJYGTVGTP5KNDGTXGTIQNFGV8GTIQNFWPIVNYXGTDNC­V KO4CPFRWP\KGTV5+.$'4CP5EJYGTVGTURCPIG &GWVUEJGU4GKEJ'JTGPMTGW\FGU9GNVMTKGIGU HÃ&#x2019;T (TQPVM·ORHGT 'KUGP DTQP\KGTV CWH FGT 4Ã&#x2019;EMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI 'TDG   2TGW­GP   &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI  /QFGNN    -NCUUG HÃ&#x2019;T FGP 5QNFCVGPUVCPF PCEJ :8 &KGPUVLCJTGP   -TKGIUOGVCNN XGTMWRHGTV OKV -QTTQUKQPUURWTGP   &KVQ  -NCUUG HÃ&#x2019;T FGP 5QNFCVGPUVCPF PCEJ :++   &KGPUVLCJTGP$TQP\G#P0CFGN 5VÃ&#x2019;EM++



341



106

)TQ­GMTCWUG1TFGPUUEJPCNNGGKPGUUCEJUGPYGKOCTKUEJGP8GVGTCPGPFGU'TUVGP9GNVMTKGIGU  OKV HÃ&#x2019;PH #WU\GKEJPWPIGP   2TGW­GP 'KUGTPGU -TGW\   -NCUUG 'KUGP IGUEJY·T\V   5KNDGT\CTIG 5CEJUGP9GKOCT#NNIGOGKPGU'JTGP\GKEJGP/QFGNN OKV&'/8'4&+'056'  'JTGP\GKEJGPKP$TQP\G QJPG5EJYGTVGT $TQP\G &GWVUEJGU4GKEJ'JTGPMTGW\ FGU9GNVMTKGIGUHÃ&#x2019;T(TQPVM·ORHGT'KUGPDTQP\KGTVCWHFGT4Ã&#x2019;EMUGKVG*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI(4-  6JÃ&#x2019;TKPIGP (GWGTYGJTGJTGPCD\GKEJGP  /QFGNN   $TQP\GPG /GFCKNNG HÃ&#x2019;T VTGWG &KGPUVG   $TQP\G $WNICTKGP-TKGIUGTKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNGCO$CPFHÃ&#x2019;T-·ORHGT#P0CFGN  5VÃ&#x2019;EM++




DEUTSCHLAND - ORDENSSCHNALLEN

342



)TQ­GMTCWUG1TFGPUUEJPCNNGGKPGUOÌINKEJGTYGKUGJCODWTIKUEJGP1HHK\KGTU8GVGTCPGPFGU'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIGUOKVHÒPH#WU\GKEJPWPIGP 2TGW­GP'KUGTPGU-TGW\-NCUUG'KUGP IGUEJY·T\V5KNDGT\CTIG *CODWTI*CPUGCVGPMTGW\$TQP\GXGTUKNDGTVWPFGOCKNNKGTV &GWV- UEJGU4GKEJ'JTGPMTGW\FGU9GNVMTKGIGUHÒT(TQPVM·ORHGT'KUGPDTQP\KGTVCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG*GTUVGN- NGTDG\GKEJPWPI (.   2TGW­GP &KGPUV#WU\GKEJPWPIU-TGW\ HÒT CMVKXG 1HHK\KGTG  XKGTVG   #WUHÒJTWPI OKV ITÌDGT IGMÌTPVGP -TGW\CTOGP  EC   $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV   2TGW­GP   <GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG#P0CFGN 5VÒEM++



343



)TQ­GMTCWUG1TFGPUUEJPCNNGGKPGUOWVOC­NKEJOGEMNGPDWTIUEJYGTKPKUEJGP8GVGTCPGPFGU'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIU  OKV XKGT #WU\GKEJPWPIGP   2TGW­GP 'KUGTPGU -TGW\  ++ -NCUUG 'KUGP   IGUEJY·T\V5KNDGT\CTIG /GEMNGPDWTI5EJYGTKP/KNKV·TXGTFKGPUVMTGW\++-NCUUGCO$CPFHÒT -·ORHGT *CODWTI*CPUGCVGPMTGW\$TQP\GXGTUKNDGTVWPFGOCKNNKGTV &GWVUEJGU4GKEJ'J- TGPMTGW\FGU9GNVMTKGIGUHÒT(TQPVM·ORHGTCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG*GTUVGNNGTNQIQ25KO-TGKU#P0CFGN 5VÒEM++



344



)TQ­G MTCWUG (TCEMUEJPCNNG OKV \YGK #WU\GKEJPWPIGP   2TGW­GP 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ HÒT -TKGIUJKNHG   <KPM   /GEMNGPDWTI5EJYGTKP *CWUQTFGP FGT 9GPFKUEJGP -TQPG 5KNDGTPGU 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ 5KNDGT   /GFCKNNQPU UGRCTCV IGRT·IV #WH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTUEJKNFEJGP XQP % ) 7NTKEJ 0CEJHQNIGT KP   *CODWTICP0CFGN ++





)TQ­GINCVVG1TFGPUUEJPCNNGGKPGU1NFGPDWTIKUEJGP8GVGTCPGPFGU'TUVGP9GNVMTKGIUOKV \YGK#WU\GKEJPWPIGP 2TGW­GP'KUGTPGU-TGW\++-NCUUG'KUGPIGUEJY·T\V5KNDGT\CTIGKO $CPFTKPIVNYWPNGUGTNKEJRWP\KGTV !9  1NFGPDWTI(TKGFTKEJ#WIWUV-TGW\++-NCUUG'KUGPIG- UEJY·T\VCO$CPFHÒT-·ORHGTCP0CFGN<WUCOOGPOKVRCUUGPFGT(GNFUEJPCNNG 5VÒEM++

 107


DEUTSCHLAND - ORDENSSCHNALLEN

ex 346



-QPXQNWVXQPXKGTITQ­GPMTCWUGP1TFGPUUEJPCNNGXQP8GVGTCPGPFGU'TUVGP9GNVMTKGIGU OKVKPUIGUCOV#WU\GKEJPWPIGP#  2TGW­GP'KUGTPGU-TGW\-NCUUG'KUGPIGUEJY·T\V 5KNDGT\CTIG 2TGW­GP8GTFKGPUVMTGW\HÒT-TKGIUJKNHG<KPM 5CEJUGP/GKPKIGP/GFCKNNGHÒT8GT- FKGPUVKO-TKGIG$TQP\GCO$CPFHÒT-·ORHGT &GWVUEJGU4GKEJ'JTGPMTGW\FGU9GNVMTKGIGUHÒT (TQPVM·ORHGT'KUGPDTQP\KGTVCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI1 2TGW­GP&KGPUVCWU- \GKEJPWPI/QFGNN  -NCUUGHÒTFGP5QNFCVGPUVCPFPCEJ:8&KGPUVLCJTGP$TQP\GXGT- MWRHGTV   2TGW­GP <GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG  0GW OQPVKGTV OKV PGWGP $·PFGTP   CP 0CFGN $      2TGW­GP 'KUGTPGU -TGW\   -NCUUG 'KUGP IGUEJY·T\V <CTIG $TQP\G XGTUKNDGTV   &GWVUEJGU   4GKEJ 'JTGPMTGW\ FGU 9GNVMTKGIGU HÒT (TQPVM·ORHGT 'KUGP DTQP\KGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGT   DG\GKEJPWPI9- ¤UVGTTGKEJ-TKGIUGTKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNGOKV5EJYGTVGTP 7PICTP -TKGIUGTKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNGOKV5EJYGTVGTP#P0CFGN%  2TGW­GP'KUGTPGU-TGW\  -NCUUG 'KUGP IGUEJY·T\V 5KNDGT\CTIG   &GWVUEJGU 4GKEJ 'JTGPMTGW\ FGU 9GNVMTKGIGU HÒT   (TQPVM·ORHGT'KUGPDTQP\KGTVCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI'TDG 2TGW­GP&KGPUVCWU \GKEJPWPI  /QFGNN    -NCUUG HÒT FGP 5QNFCVGPUVCPF PCEJ :++ &KGPUVLCJTGP XGTIQNFGV   #P 0CFGN &    $C[GTP /KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVMTGW\  /QFGNN   8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ OKV 5EJYGT   VGTP $TQP\G XGTMWRHGTV   2TGW­GP 'KUGTPGU -TGW\   -NCUUG 'KUGP IGUEJY·T\V 5KNDGT\CTIG   #WU\GKEJPWPIGPGKPIGJ·PIVCP0CFGN 5VÒEM++



347



)TQ­GMTCWUG1TFGPUUEJPCNNGOKVHÒPH#WU\GKEJPWPIGP 'KUGTPGU-TGW\++-NCUUG'KUGPMGTP IGUEJY·T\V5KNDGT\CTIG &GWVUEJGU4GKEJ'JTGPMTGW\FGU9GNVMTKGIGUHÒT(TQPVM·ORHGT CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTNQIQ -/(   &GWVUEJGU 4GKEJ6TGWFKGPUV'JTGP\GKEJGPHÒT&KGPUV- LCJTG 2TGW­GP&KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI/QFGNN  -NCUUG/GFCKNNGHÒT+:&KGPUVLCJTG $TQP\G 8GTUKNDGTWPI ITÌ­VGPVGKNUXGTICPIGP &CP\KI&CP\KIGT-TGW\-NCUUG$TQP\GXGTIQNFGV 8GTIQNFWPIVNYXGTICPIGPGOCKNNKGTVCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG\YGKPKGVGPHÌTOKIG8GTUEJTCWDWPIGPWPF*GT- UVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI$X#*ÒNUG$GTNKP#P0CFGN 5VÒEM++ +PCNNGP6GKNGPQTKIKPCNWPF\GKVIGPÌUUKUEJIGHGTVKIVG1TFGPUUEJPCNNG

108




DEUTSCHLAND - MINIATURENSCHNALLEN

348



)TQ­G INCVVG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG GKPGU OWVOC­NKEJ DTCWPUEJYGKIKUEJGP 8GVGTCPGP FGU 'TUVGP 9GNV-   MTKGIUWPFFGU<YGKVGP9GNVMTKGIUOKVXKGTGKPIGJ·PIVGP#WU\GKEJPWPIGP  2TGW­GP 'KUGTPGU -TGW\  ++ -NCUUG 'KUGP IGUEJY·T\V 5KNDGT\CTIG OKV WPNGUGTNKEJGT 2WP\G KO   $CPFTKPIOKVCWHFGO$CPFCWHIGNGIVGT9KGFGTJQNWPIUURCPIG#WUHÒJTWPI OKVGKPIGTWPFGVGP 5GKVGPXQP YQJN$WPVOGVCNNXGTUKNDGTV $TCWPUEJYGKI-TKGIUXGTFKGPUVMTGW\-NCUUG CO $CPF HÒT -·ORHGT OKV CWHIGNGIVGO $GY·JTWPIUCD\GKEJGP   &GWVUEJGU 4GKEJ 'JTGPMTGW\ FGU   9GNVMTKGIGU HÒT (TQPVM·ORHGT CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI   48  2(14<*'+/   #P0CFGN 5VÒEM++



ex 349

&'765%*.#0&/+0+#674'05%*0#..'070&-'66%*'0 

-QPXQNWV XQP GKPGO /KPKCVWTGPMGVVEJGP WPF \YGK -PQRHNQEJUEJNGKHEJGP OKV KPUIGUCOV PGWP   RTGW­KUEJGP#WU\GKEJPWPIUOKPKCVWTGP#  4QVGT#FNGT1TFGP/QFGNN-NCUUGOKVIGMÌTPVGP #TOGP 5KNDGT VNY GOCKNNKGTV 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK   '- ++    &KGPUV#WU\GKEJPWPIU-TGW\ HÒT   CMVKXG1HHK\KGTG  <GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG#P\YGK0CFGNP$  <GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG &KGPUV CWU\GKEJPWPI  /QFGNN  -NCUUG /KPKCVWT FGT 5EJPCNNGPCWUHÒJTWPI #P 5EJNGKHEJGP OKV 0CFGN   %    .CPFYGJT&KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI  -NCUUG  /QFGNN /GFCKNNG  CD     <GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG   #P5EJNGKHEJGPOKV-PQRH 5VÒEM++



350



/KPKCVWTGPMGVVEJGP GKPGU YQJN RTGW­KUEJGP 1HHK\KGTU WPF 8GVGTCPGP FGU 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIU     OKV UGEJU #WU\GKEJPWPIUOKPKCVWTGP   2TGW­GP '- ++    2TGW­GP -ÌPKINKEJGT   *CWUQTFGP XQP *QJGP\QNNGTP 4KVVGTMTGW\ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP   &GWVUEJGU 4GKEJ 'JTGPMTGW\ FGU   9GNVMTKGIGU  HÒT (TQPVM·ORHGT   2TGW­GP 1HHK\KGTU&KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI HÒT  ,CJTG     2TGW­GP <GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG    &GWVUEJGU 4GKEJ 5EJYCT\GU 8GTYWPFGVGPCD\GKEJGP #P \YGK   0CFGNP 5VÒEM++

 109


KONVOLUTE

ex 351

ex 353

&'765%*.#0&#..)'/'+0'-1081.76' 

-QPXQNWV XQP  XGTUEJKGFGPGP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP FGWVUEJGT 5VCCVGP 7PVGT CPFGTGO CWU #PJCNV   $CFGP$C[GTP*CPPQXGT/GEMNGPDWTI5VTGNKV\WPF4GW­KPXGTUEJKGFGPGP/GVCNNGPCWEJ5KNDGTVGKNU XGTIQNFGVVGKNUXGTUKNDGTVCP$TWUVQFGT$QIGPD·PFGTPGKPGCP0CFGNKPIWVGP'TJCNVWPIGP  5VÒEM++



-QPXQNWV XQP CEJV #WU\GKEJPWPIGP 5EJPCNNGP #D\GKEJGP GVE 7 C 0CJMCORHURCPIG KP $TQP\G  

0CFGNJCMGP HGJNV  KP XGTUEJKGFGPGP /GVCNNGP VGKNU GOCKNNKGTV VGKNU CP $·PFGTP VGKNU CP 0CFGNP KP   WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP'TJCNVWPIGP 5VÒEM++++++8





-QPXQNWV XQP EC  #WU\GKEJPWPIU/KPKCVWT#PUVGEMPCFGNP WPF -NGKPCD\GKEJGP &CTWPVGT \YGK   &TGKGT0CFGNPFGU'TUVGP9GNVMTKGIU/KPKCVWTFGU7$QQV#D\GKEJGPUKPXGTUEJKGFGPGP/GVCNNGPVGKNU XGTIQNFGVVGKNUXGTUKNDGTVVGKNUGOCKNNKGTVOGKUVCP0CFGNP&C\W\YGK(GNFUEJPCNNGP 5VÒEM++





-QPXQNWV XQP EC FTGK -QRRGNUEJNÌUUGTP WPF EC \YGK /ÒV\GPCD\GKEJGP &GU -CKUGTTGKEJU FGU   UQIGP&TKVVGP4GKEJUFGT$4&WPFFGU5VCJNJGNOU PGW  5VÒEM++





'7412#70&ª$'45''

355 356

(4'+/#74'45%*.#4#(('0759+06'40#6+10#. 

(TGKOCWTGTKUEJGU6GORNGT-TGW\$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCP6TCIGURCPIGQJPG*CNUDCPF ++



/+0+#674'05%*0#..'070&-'66%*'0+06'40#6+10#. 

/KPKCVWTGPUEJPCNNG GKPGU HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP 1HHK\KGTU OKV  #WU\GKEJPWPIUOKPKCVWTGP   (TCPMTGKEJ   1TFGPFGT'JTGPNGIKQP-QOOCPFGWTMTGW\)QNF (TCPMTGKEJ1TFGPHÒT/CTKPGXGTFKGPUV-QOOCP- FGWTFGMQTCVKQP)QNF 6WPGUKGP1TFGPFGU4WJOU-NCUUG5KNDGT (TCPMTGKEJ1TFGPFGU&TC- EJGPU XQP #PPCO -QOOCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP )QNF CO $·PFEJGP HÒT /KNKV·TXGTFKGPUV   /CTQMMQ   5EJGTKHKUEJGT #NCQWKVG1TFGP -QOOCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP )QNF   (TCPMTGKEJ 1TFGP XQP -CODQFUEJC   1HHK\KGTUFGMQTCVKQP)QNFCO/GVTQRQNKVCP$·PFEJGP (TCPMTGKEJ1TFGPFGU5EJYCT\GP5VGTPUXQP $¾PKP 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\ )QNF   (TCPMTGKEJ 'N #PPQWCT1TFGP 4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP 5KNDGT WPF )QNF     $GNIKGP .¾QRQNF1TFGP 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\ )QNF   $WPFGUTGRWDNKM &GWVUEJNCPF $WPFGUXGTFKGPUV   QTFGP XGTIQNFGV ,GYGKNU GOCKNNKGTV FKG $·PFEJGP FGT 2QUKVKQPGP  DKU OKVCWHIGNGIVGP.KV\GPWPF 4QUGVVGPCP0CFGNKO1TKIKPCNGVWKFGT(KTOC$QWNCPIGTKP2CTKU 5VÒEM+ 0GWPFGT\GJP/KPKCVWTGPKPÒDGTTCIGPFGT#PHGTVKIWPIUSWCNKV·V

110




KONVOLUTE INTERNATIONAL

357



/KPKCVWTGPMGVVEJGPGKPGU(TCP\QUGPOKVHÃ&#x2019;PH#WU\GKEJPWPIUOKPKCVWTGP 'JTGPNGIKQP4KVVGTFGMQ- TCVKQP #XGTU/GFCKNNQP HGJNV    5KNDGTPG #MCFGOKUEJG 2CNOGP   *GKNKIGT 5VWJN )TGIQTKWU1TFGP   -QOOCPFGWTMTGW\ $GNIKGP-TQPGPQTFGP4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP $GNIKGP1TFGP.GQRQNF++4KVVGTFG- MQTCVKQP 5VÃ&#x2019;EM++



-1081.76'+06'40#6+10#. 

-QPXQNWV XQP EC  1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP 7 C CWU $GNIKGP +VCNKGP (TCPMTGKEJ 5RCPKGP WPF   8KGVPCOXGTUEJKGFGPG/GVCNNGVGKNUXGTIQNFGVVGKNUXGTUKNDGTVVGKNUGOCKNNKGTVCP$·PFGTPKPIWVGP'T- JCNVWPIGP 5VÃ&#x2019;EM++



ex 360 ex 359 (Rv.)



ex 361

-QPXQNWV XQP EC  1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP 7 C CWU $WNICTKGP &GWVUEJNCPF (TCPMTGKEJ   )TQ­DTKVCPPKGPFGU1UOCPKUEJGP4GKEJGU2QNGP5GTDKGPFGT5QYLGVWPKQPFGT6UEJGEJQUNQYCMGKKP XGTUEJKGFGPGP /GVCNNGP CWEJ 5KNDGT VGKNU XGTIQNFGV VGKNU XGTUKNDGTV VGKNU GOCKNNKGTV XQTYKGIGPF CP   MQTTGMVGP $TWUV QFGT $QIGPD·PFGTP XKGT KP 'VWKU KP WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP 'TJCNVWPIGP &C\W FTGK /KPK  CVWTGP 5VÃ&#x2019;EM++++++++++++++8





-QPXQNWVXQPEC'JTGPWPF#D\GKEJGP7CCWU$GNIKGP(TCPMTGKEJ FCTWPVGT\YGKKPUKIPGU  )TQ­DTKVCPPKGP2QNGPWPFFGT5QYLGVWPKQP+PXGTUEJKGFGPGP/GVCNNGPVGKNUXGTIQNFGVVGKNUXGTUKNDGTV VGKNUGOCKNNKGTVCP$·PFGTPD\Y0CFGNPQFGT5EJTCWDGPQFGTOKV5RNKPVGPOGKUVKPQTFGPVNKEJGP'TJCN- VWPIGP 5VÃ&#x2019;EM+++++





-QPXQNWV XQP EC CEJV XGTUEJKGFGPGP 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP 7 C CWU (KPPNCPF (TCPMTGKEJ   5EJYGFGP WPF 5RCPKGP +P XGTUEJKGFGPGP /GVCNNGP CWEJ 5KNDGT VGKNU XGTIQNFGV VGKNU XGTUKNDGTV VGKNU   GOCKNNKGTVVGKNUCPMQTTGMVGP$TWUVQFGT$QIGPD·PFGTPKPIWVGP'TJCNVWPIGP ++



ex 362





ex 363

-QPXQNWVXQPECPGWP1TFGPWPF'JTGP\GKEJGP7CCWU,CRCPFGO4WUUKUEJGP4GKEJ5CWFK#TC- DKGPFGT6UEJGEJQUNQYCMGKWPFFGP75#KPXGTUEJKGFGPGP/GVCNNGPCWEJ5KNDGTVGKNUXGTIQNFGVVGKNU XGTUKNDGTVVGKNUCPMQTTGMVGP$TWUVQFGT$QIGPD·PFGTPKPIWVGP'TJCNVWPIGPGKPGUKO'VWK ++



-QPXQNWV XQP EC  #WU\GKEJPWPIGP 7 C CWU &·PGOCTM &GWVUEJNCPF (TCPMTGKEJ +VCNKGP     0QTYGIGP2TGW­GP4WO·PKGPWPF4W­NCPFKPXGTUEJKGFGPGP/GVCNNGPCWEJ5KNDGTVGKNUCPMQTTGMVGP $TWUVD·PFGTP2GPVCIQPCN$CPFURCPIGPQFGT0CFGNP\YGKOKV$CPFURCPIGPKPIWVGP'TJCNVWPIGP ++

 111


KONVOLUTE INTERNATIONAL

ex 365 (1:1)

ex 364





-QPXQNWVXQPEC1TFGPWPF'JTGP\GKEJGP7CCWU$GNIKGP%JKNG(KPPNCPFFGO-QPIQXQO /CNVGUGTQTFGP CWU 5RCPKGP WPF 5[TKGP KP XGTUEJKGFGPGP /GVCNNGP CWEJ 5KNDGT VGKNU XGTIQNFGV VGKNU   XGTUKNDGTVVGKNUGOCKNNKGTVVGKNUCP$·PFGTPKPWPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP'TJCNVWPIGP 5VÒEM++



-QPXQNWV XQP EC  /KPKCVWTGP XQP 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP 7 C CWU $TCUKNKGP &GWVUEJNCPF   'EWCFQT-QNWODKGP.CQU.KDGTKC/CTQMMQ4WCPFC5RCPKGP5[TKGP75#WPF<CÅTGXGTUEJKGFGPG /GVCNNG VGKNU XGTIQNFGV VGKNU XGTUKNDGTV OGKUV GOCKNNKGTV XQTYKGIGPF CP $·PFEJGP KP IWVGP 'TJCN   VWPIGP 5VÒEM++



366



-QPXQNWV XQP EC  -PQRHNQEJTQUGVVGP WPF 5EJNGKHEJGP \W 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP CWU CNNGT   9GNV7XCCWUVJKQRKGP(KPPNCPF(TCPMTGKEJ+VCNKGP,CRCP.WZGODWTI/QPCEQ0KGFGTNCPFG 0QTYGIGP2QTVWICN4WO·PKGP5CP/CTKPQ5GTDKGP6WPGUKGP7TWIWC[WPFFGO8CVKMCP\CJNTGKEJG 5VÒEMGOKV.KV\GPWPVGTNGIV\WT#PICDGFGTJÌJGTGP5VWHGP 5VÒEM++



'KPGYCJTG(WPFITWDG\WT'TI·P\WPIFGTQHVKPFGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWKUHGJNGPFGP4QUGVVGP



112

-QPXQNWVXQPEC#WU\GKEJPWPIU/KPKCVWTGP-NGKPCD\GKEJGPWPF#PUVGEMPCFGNP7CCWU$GN- IKGP &GWVUEJNCPF (TCPMTGKEJ )TQ­DTKVCPPKGP ¤UVGTTGKEJ WPF 4WO·PKGP KP XGTUEJKGFGPGP /GVCNNGP   CWEJ 5KNDGT VGKNU XGTIQNFGV VGKNU XGTUKNDGTV VGKNU GOCKNNKGTV VGKNU CP $·PFEJGP QFGT CP 0CFGNP KP   XGTUEJKGFGPGP'TJCNVWPIGP 5VÒEM+++++




ALBANIEN

'7412#

368

#.$#0+'0

'456' 4'27$.+-   

5MCPFGTDGI1TFGP =7TFJÀPK K 5MÀPFGTDGWV?  /QFGNN   )TQ­MTGW\UGV DGUVGJGPF CWU   -NGKPQFZOO5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCWHFGO4GXGTU*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPIFGU,WYG- NKGTU4CXKQNQ)CTFKPQ  KP4QOCOQTKIKPCNGPCNVGPWPFIGVTCIGPGP5EJWNVGTDCPFWPF$TWUVUVGTP &WTEJOGUUGT  OO 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGO 4GXGTU (KTOGP   DG\GKEJPWPIFGU,WYGNKGTU4CXKQNQ)CTFKPQ  CP0CFGNFKGUGOKVHTCP\ÌUKUEJGT'KPHWJTRWP\GXQP  DKU  5EJYCPGPRWP\G  KO TQVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC 4CXKQNK  )CTFKPQ 5WEEGUUQTK   &%TCXCP\QNCKP4QOOKVCWHIGFTWEMVGOIQNFHCTDGPGOTGRWDNKMCPKUEJGP&QRRGNCFNGT QJPGFKGUQIGP 5MCPFGTDGI/ÒV\G $9-<- 5VÒEM44++  5GJT UGNVGPGT 5GV FGT CWHITWPF FGT *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI WPF FGU 'VWK#WHFTWEMU KP FKG TGRWDNKMCPKUEJG <GKV   \YKUEJGPWPFFCVKGTVYGTFGPMCPP  

2T·UKFGPV #EJOGF <QIW   JCV FGP HÒPHMNCUUKIGP )TQ­MQTFQP OKV 5VGTP )TQ­QHHK\KGT -QOOCPFGWT   1HHK\KGTWPF4KVVGT \KXKNGPWPFOKNKV·TKUEJGP8GTFKGPUVQTFGPIGUVKHVGV /QFGNN &KG5VCVWVGPFCVKGTGPXQO &G\GODGT$GPCPPVYCTFGT1TFGPPCEJFGOCNDCPKUEJGP(ÒTUVGPWPF0CVKQPCNJGNFGPIGIGPFKG1UOCPGP )LGTIL -CUVTKQVK   IGPCPPV 5MÀPFGTDGWV 5MCPFGTDGI  0CEJ FGT )TÒPFWPI FGU -ÌPKITGKEJGU WPF   #WUTWHWPI<QIWU\WO-ÌPKIXQP#NDCPKGPCO5GRVGODGTYWTFGFGT1TFGPWPXGT·PFGTVÒDGTPQOOGP0CEJ FGTFGHCEVQ#PPGZKQP#NDCPKGPUFWTEJKVCNKGPKUEJG6TWRRGPKO#RTKNYWTFGFGT1TFGPOKVFGP-ÌPKINKEJGP &GMTGVGP 0T  WPF  -ÌPKI 8KMVQT 'OOCPWGNU +++   XQO  WPF  #RTKN  ÒDGTPQOOGP   UGKPG +PUKIPKGP FWTEJ *KP\WHÒIWPI FGT UCXQ[KUEJGP .KGDGUMPQVGP WPF FGU HCUEJKUVKUEJGP .KMVQTGPDÒPFGNU XGT   ·PFGTV  GTJKGNV FGT $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­MTGW\ GKPG XQNNMQOOGP PGWG)GUVCNVWPI /QFGNN#WUHÒJTWPI  WPFFKGDKUJGTKIG1HHK\KGTU5VGEMFGMQTCVKQPYWTFGPCEJKVCNKGPKUEJGO8QTDKNFKPGKPG4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQPCO$CPFOKV CWHIGNGIVGT 4QUGVVG WOIGYCPFGNV UQYKGDGKCNNGP&QRRGNCFNGTPFGT5VGTPÒDGTFGP-ÌRHGPGPVHGTPV#WHITWPFFGU KVCNKGPKUEJCNNKKGTVGP9CHHGPUVKNNUVCPFGUXQP%CUUKDKNGXQO5GRVGODGTICD+VCNKGPUGKPG$GUGV\WPI#NDCPKGPU CWH YQTCWH FCU .CPF CO1MVQDGTXQPFGT&GWVUEJGP9GJTOCEJVDKU\WO'PFGFGU<YGKVGP9GNVMTKGIU DGUGV\VYWTFG*KGTFWTEJJCVVGFGT1TFGPHCMVKUEJCWHIGJÌTV\WDGUVGJGP

113


BELGIEN

369

(ª456'067/#0&144# 

$TWFGTUEJCHVUFGMQTCVKQP FGT $TWFGTUEJCHV FGU *GKNKIVWOU FGT )QVVGUOWVVGT \W /GTKVZGNN KP   #PFQTTC =5CPVWCTK FG /CTG FG &¾W FG /GTKVZGNN? $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV HGKPUV GOCKNNKGTV TÒEMUGKVKIG   #DFGEMWPIHGJNVCPFGTQTKIKPCNGP6TCIGMQTFGNKPFGPCPFQTTCPKUEJGP(CTDGP 444+++8



8QPCNNGTITÌ­VGT5GNVGPJGKV&CU9CNNHCJTVUJGKNKIVWOKPFGO1TV/GTKVZGNNKPFGT/KVVGFGU.CPFGUIGNGIGPKUVFGT 2CVTQPKPFGU(ÒTUVGPVWOU#PFQTTCFGT)QVVGUOWVVGT/CTKCIGYGKJV

370

371

-¤0+)4'+%*$'.)+'0 

.GQRQNF1TFGP=1TFTGFG.¾QRQNF.GQRQNFUQTFG?/QFGNN OKVGKPURTCEJKIGT/GFCKNNQPWOUEJTKHV  $TWUVUVGTP\WO)TQ­QHHK\KGT#PHGTVKIWPIFGT(KTOC(GTPCPF*GTGOCPU NCWV4WQMQPGPKP 4-$5 5KNDGTDTKNNCPVKGTVWPFTGRGTEKGTV/GFCKNNQP)QNFGOCKNNKGTVDGKO.ÌYGPHGJNVGKP*KPVGT- NCWHCP0CFGNOKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGP$9-<- ++



+PFKGUGT-NCUUGYKTFFGT$TWUVUVGTPCNNGKPGQJPGYGKVGTG+PUKIPKGPYKG*CNUQFGT$TWUVMTGW\XGTNKGJGPWPFCWHFGT NKPMGP$TWUVUGKVGIGVTCIGP  

5EJQP MWT\ PCEJ FGT 6JTQPDGUVGKIWPI CO  ,WPK   JCV -ÌPKI .GQRQNF + CO  ,WNK  CNU \WP·EJUV   XKGTMNCUUKIGP <KXKN WPF /KNKV·TXGTFKGPUVQTFGP IGUVKHVGV /KV -ÌPKINKEJGO &GMTGV XQO  /CK  GTJKGNV FGT   1TFGP GKPG YGKVGTG -NCUUG FKG FGT )TQ­QHHK\KGTG FKG PWT CWU GKPGO $TWUVUVGTP QJPG YGKVGTG +PUKIPKGP YKG *CNU   QFGT $TWUVMTGW\G DGUVCPF 7O FGT<YGKURTCEJKIMGKVFGU.CPFGU4GEJPWPI\WVTCIGPJCV-ÌPKI$CWFQWKP+UEJQP MWT\PCEJªDGTPCJOGFGT4GIKGTWPI CO,WNK OKV&GMTGVXQP1MVQDGTXGTHÒIVFC­MÒPHVKICWH CNNGPUVCCVNKEJGP1TFGPWPF'JTGP\GKEJGPFKG+PUEJTKHVGPUQYQJNKPHTCP\ÌUKUEJYKGCWEJHN·OKUEJCP\WDTKPIGPUKPF



114

.GQRQNF1TFGP=1TFTGFG.¾QRQNF.GQRQNFUQTFG?/QFGNN OKVGKPURTCEJKIGT/GFCKNNQPWOUEJTKHV  -QOOCPFGWTMTGW\#PHGTVKIWPIFGT(KTOC,WNGU(QPUQP5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTV COQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPF\WUCOOGPOKV-PQRHNQEJTQUGVVGKOQTKIKPCNGPOKVIQNFHCTDGPGO5RKGIGNOQPQ- ITCOO..DGFTWEMVGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWKFGT(KTOC,(QPUQP$9-<- ++




BELGIEN

372





373

.GQRQNF1TFGP=1TFTGFG.¾QRQNF.GQRQNFUQTFG?/QFGNN OKVGKPURTCEJKIGT/GFCKNNQPWOUEJTKHV    1HHK\KGTUMTGW\ #PHGTVKIWPIFGU,WYGNKGTU$WNU NCWV4WQMQPGPKP4-$5 \YKUEJGP WPFEC)QNFGOCKNNKGTVQJPG$TWUVDCPF$9-<- ++



.GQRQNF1TFGP=1TFTGFG.¾QRQNF.GQRQNFUQTFG?/QFGNN OKVGKPURTCEJKIGT/GFCKNNQPWOUEJTKHV    4KVVGTMTGW\ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP #PHGTVKIWPI FGU ,WYGNKGTU $WNU NCWV 4WQMQPGP KP 4-$ 5     \YKUEJGP  WPF EC  5KNDGT /GFCKNNQPU )QNF GOCKNNKGTV OKV IGMÌTFGNVGO $CPFTKPI CO   QTKIKPCNGP$CPF$9-<- 4++



&GTWPIGMTÌPVG.ÌYGKO/GFCKNNQPUVGNNVGKPGEJCTCMVGTKUVKUEJG'KIGPJGKVFGTXQP$WNUJGTIGUVGNNVGP+PUKIPKGPFCT

374



-TQPGP1TFGP=1TFGFGNC%QWTQPPG-TQQPQTFG?$TWUVUVGTP\WO)TQ­QHHK\KGT/QFGNN OKVHÒP- HCTOKIGP5VGTPMQTRWU #WUHÒJTWPIOKVKO/GFCKNNQPHGNFGKPIGNCUUGPGT-TQPG5KNDGT#WHNCIGXGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV *CCTTKUUG KP GKPGT #TOURKV\G CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC ,   (QPUQPKP$TÒUUGNCP0CFGNOKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTWPIUJCMGP$9-<- ++



+PFKGUGT-NCUUGYKTFFGT$TWUVUVGTPCNNGKPGQJPGYGKVGTG+PUKIPKGPYKG*CNUQFGT$TWUVMTGW\XGTNKGJGPWPFCWHFGT NKPMGP$TWUVUGKVGIGVTCIGP  

-ÌPKI .GQRQNF ++   5QWXGT·P FGU WPCDJ·PIKIGP -QPIQUVCCVGU JCV FGP HÒPHMNCUUKIGP )TQ­MTGW\   )TQ­QHHK\KGT -QOOCPFGWT 1HHK\KGT WPF 4KVVGT  1TFGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FKG -WPUV FKG .KVGTCVWT WPF FKG   9KUUGPUEJCHVGPOKVCHHKNKKGTVGP\YGKUVWHKIGP )QNFWPF5KNDGT 2CNOGPWPFFTGKUVWHKIGT/GFCKNNG )QNF5KNDGTWPF $TQP\G OKV&GMTGVXQO1MVQDGT XGTÌHHGPVNKEJVKO$WNNGVKP1HHKEKGNFGN 'VCV+PF¾RGPFCPVFW%QPIQ0T  DKU XQO 0QXGODGT   IGUVKHVGV /KV )GUGV\ XQO  1MVQDGT  XGTÌHHGPVNKEJV KO /QPKVGWT $GNIGXQO  1MVQDGT   YWTFG FGT 1TFGP KP FCU DGNIKUEJG #WU\GKEJPWPIUU[UVGO KPVGITKGTV +O <WUCOOGPJCPI OKV   FGO 'TUVGP WPF FGO <YGKVGP 9GNVMTKGI YWTFGP \CJNTGKEJG 'TYGKVGTWPIGP YKG 5EJCHHWPI DGUQPFGTGT $·PFGT WPF   $CPFCWHNCIGP XQTIGPQOOGP /KV MÌPKINKEJGT 8GTQTFPWPI -ÌPKI $CWFQWKPU XQO  1MVQDGT  XGTÌHHGPVNKEJV   KO /QPKVGWT $GNIG XQO  1MVQDGT   YWTFG FKG +PUEJTKHV FGT /GFCKNNGP \YGKURTCEJKI HTCP\ÌUKUEJ WPF   HN·OKUEJ FKG1TFGPUFGMQTCVKQPGPUGNDUVYWTFGPUGKVKJTGT5VKHVWPIPKEJVXGT·PFGTV

115


BELGIEN

377

375

ex 376



-TQPGP1TFGP =1TFG FG NC %QWTQPPG  -TQQPQTFG? -QOOCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP #PHGTVKIWPI XQP 0   9CNTCXGPUKP$TÒUUGN5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVOKVUGRCTCVCWHIGNGIVGT-TQPGKO/GFCKNNQPCO QTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPFKOIQNFHCTDGPDGFTWEMVGP1TKIKPCNGVWKXQP09CNTCXGPU$9-<- ++ +PFGTHQNIGPFGP-CV0TYKTFFKGFC\WIGJÌTKIG8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGCPIGDQVGP







-TQPGP1TFGP=1TFGFGNC%QWTQPPG-TQQPQTFG?8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG\WO-QOOCPFGWTMTGW\HÒT *GPTK$QWUEJGVFG$GTPCTFFCVKGTV$TÒUUGNCO(GDTWCTOKV5VGORGNWPF7PVGTUEJTKHVªDGTUGP- FWPIUUEJTGKDGPFCVKGTV$TÒUUGNCO(GDTWCTªDGTUGPFWPIUUEJTGKDGPFGUDGNIKUEJGP$QVUEJCHVGTU KP 2CTKU FCVKGTV CO  (GDTWCT  &WTEJUEJNCI FGU &CPMUEJTGKDGPU WPF <GKVWPIUDGTKEJV ÒDGT FKG   8GTNGKJWPI6NYIGHCNVGV 5VÒEM++



&KGFC\WIGJÌTKIG&GMQTCVKQPYKTFKPFGTXQTJGTIGJGPFGP-CVCNQI2QUKVKQPCPIGDQVGP9GKVGTG8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGP HÒT*GPT[$QWUEJGVFG$GTPCTFUKGJG-CV0TWPF



1TFGP.GQRQNFU++=1TFTGFG.¾QRQNF++1TFGXCP.GQRQNF++?/QFGNN OKV\YGKURTCEJKIGT/G- FCKNNQPWOUEJTKHV  UGKV   4KVVGTMTGW\HÒTURG\KGNNG-TKGIUXGTFKGPUVG=RQWTUGTXKEGUUR¾EKCWZTGPFWU CWEQWTUFGNCIWGTTG?#WUHÒJTWPIOKVITQ­GO#XGTUOGFCKNNQP5KNDGTVNYGOCKNNKGTVCODGUQPFGTGP $TWUVDCPFKOQTKIKPCNGPOKVIQNFHCTDGPDGFTWEMGP/QPQITCOO-ÌPKI.GQRQNFU++DGFTWEMVGP1TKIKPCN GVWKFGT(KTOC(KUEJKP$TÒUUGN<- ++ &WTEJMÌPKINKEJG8GTQTFPWPI-ÌPKI#NDGTVU+XQO,WPKYWTFGHÒT8GTNGKJWPIGPHÒTURG\KGNNG8GTFKGPUVG Y·JTGPFFGU8GTNCWHUFGU-TKGIGUGKPDGUQPFGTGU$CPFOKVGKPIGYGDVGOIQNFGPGO/KVVGNUVTGKHGPGKPIGHÒJTV&KGU YWTFG FWTEJ MÌPKINKEJG 8GTQTFPWPI -ÌPKI .GQRQNF +++ XQO  &G\GODGT  CWEJ HÒT INGKEJG 8GTFKGPUVG   Y·JTGPFFGU<YGKVGP9GNVMTKGIUDGUV·VKIV

116




BELGIEN

378 379



/KPKCVWTGPUEJPCNNG GKPGU 8GVGTCPGP FGU <YGKVGP 9GNVMTKGIU OKV UKGDGP #WU\GKEJPWPIUOKPKCVWTGP   8QPQHHK\KGNNGPJCNDQHHK\KGNNGPWPFKPQHHK\KGNNGP'JTGP\GKEJGP#P0CFGN 5VÒEM++

380



*#.$70&+01((+<+'..'14&'070&'*4'0<'+%*'0 

1TFGP HÒT $ÒTIGTNKEJG 5GNDUVNQUKIMGKV =1TFTG FW &¾XQWGOGPV %KXKSWG? 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\ $TQP\G XGT   IQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPFOKVCWHIGNGIVGT4QUGVVG ++





1TFGP FGU 5VGTPU FGU 9KFGTUVCPFU =1TFTG FG N 'VQKNG FG NC 4¾UKUVCPEG? -QOOCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP   $TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPF ++



382

383



1TFGPFGU5VGTPUFGU9KFGTUVCPFU=1TFTGFGN 'VQKNGFGNC4¾UKUVCPEG?1HHK\KGTUFGMQTCVKQP$TQP\G XGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPFOKVCWHIGNGIVGT4QUGVVG ++





'JTGP\GKEJGPFGT-ÌPKINKEJGP)GUGNNUEJCHVFGT'KPJGKVWPFFGT'TJCNVWPI=&¾EQTCVKQPFGNC5QEK¾V¾ 4Q[CNG FG N 7PKQP GV /CKPVKGP? 1HHK\KGTUFGMQTCVKQP $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP   $TWUVDCPFOKVCWHIGNGIVGT4QUGVVG 4++



#TODKPFGFGU2T·UKFGPVGPFGT0CVKQPCNGP7PKQPFGT&GMQTKGTVGPWPF/GFCKNNGP+PJCDGT$GNIKGPU =$TCUUCTFFW2T¾UKFGPVFGN 7PKQP0CVKQPCNGFGU&¾EQT¾UGV/¾FCKNN¾UFG$GNIKSWG?(CJPGPUVQHHOKV HGKPUVGTVNYRNCUVKUEJGT)QNFNCJPUVKEMGTGK 44++



&KG )GUGNNUEJCHV JCV FKG 9CJTWPI FGT 'KPJGKV $GNIKGPU \WO <KGN IGIGP FKG -T·HVG FKG FKG 6GKNWPI FGU .CPFGU   DGHÒTYQTVGP



-WTKQUGWPFUGNVGPG#OVUKPUKIPKG

117


BELGIEN

384

385 386







'JTGP\GKEJGP FGT 0CVKQPCNGP 7PKQP FGT &GMQTKGTVGP WPF /GFCKNNGP+PJCDGT $GNIKGPU =&¾EQTCVKQP   FGN 7PKQP0CVKQPCNGFGU&¾EQT¾UGV/¾FCKNN¾UFG$GNIKSWG?-QOOCPFGWTMTGW\$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPF GOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPF ++



'JTGP\GKEJGP FGT 0CVKQPCNGP 7PKQP FGT &GMQTKGTVGP WPF /GFCKNNGP+PJCDGT $GNIKGPU =&¾EQTCVKQP   FG N 7PKQP 0CVKQPCNG FGU &¾EQT¾U GV /¾FCKNN¾U FG $GNIKSWG? 4KVVGTMTGW\ $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF   GOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPF\WUCOOGPOKV'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG\WOL·JTKIGP$GUVGJGPFGT 7PKQPCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPFCP6TCIGURCPIG 5VÒEM++



'JTGP\GKEJGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG DGK 'THKPFWPIGP $TQP\GPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP $TQP\G GOCKNNKGTV CO   QTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPF ++



390 387

388

389



'JTGP\GKEJGPFGT-ÌPKINKEJGP(TCP\ÌUKUEJ$GNIKUEJGP)GUGNNUEJCHV=&¾EQTCVKQPFGNC5QEK¾V¾4Q[CNG (TCPEQ$GNIG?-QOOCPFGWTMTGW\$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCO*CNUDCPF ++





0KEJV KFGPVKHK\KGTVGT DGNIKUEJGT )GUGNNUEJCHVUQTFGP -QOOCPFGWTMTGW\ $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKN-   NKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPF ++





0KEJV KFGPVKHK\KGTVGT DGNIKUEJGT )GUGNNUEJCHVUQTFGP 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\ $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV   COQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPFOKVCWHIGNGIVGT4QUGVVG ++





0KEJV KFGPVKHK\KGTVGT DGNIKUEJGT )GUGNNUEJCHVUQTFGP -QOOCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF   GOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPF ++



118


BULGARIEN

391 (1:1)

(ª456'067/   

$7.)#4+'0

/GFCKNNG(ÒT8GTFKGPUV=ÌåäàëÇCÇàñëóãà]/QFGNN OKVFGO·NVGTGP2QTVTCKVFGU(ÒTUVGP#NG- ZCPFGT +    )QNFGPG /GFCKNNG $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV 8GTIQNFWPI VNY DGTKGDGP QJPG $CPF   $9- 44+++++



&KG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNGP FGT 4GIKGTWPIU\GKV FGU (ÒTUVGP #NGZCPFGT + XQP $CVVGPDGTI   UKPF KP CNNGP   -NCUUGPDGKFGT/QFGNNGXQPITQ­GTQFGTUQICTITÌ­VGT5GNVGPJGKV

393 (1:1) 392



1TFGP (ÒT $ÒTIGTNKEJGU 8GTFKGPUV [Îðäåí Ça Ãðàæäàíñêà Çàñëóãà] CWEJ <KXKN8GTFKGPUVQT-   FGP QFGT 0CVKQPCNGT <KXKN8GTFKGPUVQTFGP IGPCPPV   /QFGNN OKV UQIGP TWPFGT DWNICTKUEJGT   (ÒTUVGPMTQPG    -TGW\  -NCUUG $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP   &TGKGEMUDCPF OKV CWHIGNGIVGT 4QUGVVG KO QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC   ,QJ5EJYGTFVPGTKP9KGP$9-<- ++



<#4'067/   

1TFGP *N *N #RQUVGN -[TKNN WPF /GVJQFKWU [Îðäåí Ñâ Ñâ Ðàâíîàïîñòîëè Êèðèë è   Ìåòîäèé]-NGKPQFHÒTFKG6TCIGYGKUGCO5EJWNVGTDCPF5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVHGKPUVG'OCKN- NGOCNGTGK &KG .KNKGP CWH FGP (NCOOGP CWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVGOKVMNGKPGP4WPFMQRHPKGVGPDGHGUVKIVKPFGT ¤UGHTCP\ÌUKUEJG'KPHWJTRWP\GXQPDKU 5EJYCPGPRWP\G QJPG5EJWNVGTDCPF<-  44++  )GUVKHVGV OKV MÌPKINKEJGO 4GUMTKRV XQP <CT (GTFKPCPF +   CO  /CK  CNU GKPMNCUUKIGT JÌEJUVGT   DWNICTKUEJGT1TFGPFGTJÌEJUVGP9ÒTFGPVT·IGTPXQTDGJCNVGPYCT&KG)TQ­G-QNNCPGFGU1TFGPUDGUVGJGPFCWU -GVVGPINKGFGTP YCT UVCVWCTKUEJ FGO <CT XQTDGJCNVGP MQPPVG LGFQEJ CNU DGUQPFGTG #WU\GKEJPWPI CP HTGOFG   EJTKUVNKEJG5QWXGT·PGWPFKP#WUPCJOGH·NNGPCWEJCP$WNICTGPXGTNKGJGPYGTFGP&GT<CTUGNDUVVTWI\WDGUQPFGTGP #PN·UUGP GKPG UQIGP )TQ­OGKUVGTMQNNCPG OKV  ITQ­GP -GVVGPINKGFGTP &KG MNGKPG -QNNCPG YWTFG CP FKG   MÌPKINKEJGP2TKP\GPWPFCPHTGOFGEJTKUVNKEJG5VCCVUQDGTJ·WRVGTXGTNKGJGP&GT1TFGPYWTFGXQPUGKPGT5VKHVWPIDKU  CP PWT PGWP $WNICTGP GKPUEJNKG­NKEJ <CT (GTFKPCPF WPF FKG 2TKP\GP $QTKU WPF %[TKN  WPF CP KPUIGUCOV    #WUN·PFGT XGTNKGJGP CNU GTUVGO FGO TWUUKUEJGP <CTGP 0KMQNCWU ++ 0CEJ  YWTFG FGT 1TFGP PKEJV OGJT XGT   NKGJGPWPFUEJNKG­NKEJPCEJ#WUTWHWPIFGT4GRWDNKMCDIGUEJCHHV

119


BULGARIEN

397

394 395









396

1TFGP 5V #NGZCPFGT [Îðäåí  Ñâ Àëåêñàíäúð]  /QFGNN OKV UQIGP GEMKIGT DWNICTKUEJGT   <CTGPMTQPG    -TGW\  -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO   &TGKGEMUDCPFQJPGCWHIGNGIVG4QUGVVG$9-<- ++



1TFGP (ÒT /KNKV·T8GTFKGPUV =Îðäåí Ça Âîåííà Çàñëóãà] CWEJ /KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVQTFGP   IGPCPPV   /QFGNN MNGKPGT +PUKIPKGP VNY PGWG -NCUUGPGKPVGKNWPI  !  -TGW\    -NCUUGOKVFGT-TKGIUFGMQTCVKQPCOYQJNUR·VGTIGHGTVKIVGP&TGKGEMUDCPFHÒT6CRHGTMGKV$9- <- ++



1TFGP (ÒT /KNKV·T8GTFKGPUV =Îðäåí Ça Âîåííà Çàñëóãà] CWEJ /KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVQTFGP   IGPCPPV /QFGNN MNGKPGT+PUKIPKGPVNYPGWG-NCUUGPGKPVGKNWPI! -TGW\-NCUUG OKV FGT -TKGIUFGMQTCVKQP CO PKEJV MQTTGMVGP &TGKGEMUDCPF FGT &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI KO QTKIKPCNGP   8GTNGKJWPIUGVWKOKV/QPQITCOO<CT$QTKU+++$9-<- ++



1TFGP (ÒT /KNKV·T8GTFKGPUV =Îðäåí Ça Âîåííà Çàñëóãà] CWEJ /KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVQTFGP   IGPCPPV /QFGNN MNGKPGT+PUKIPKGPVNYPGWG-NCUUGPGKPVGKNWPI! -TGW\-NCUUG OKVFGT-TKGIUFGMQTCVKQPCOQTKIKPCNGP&TGKGEMUDCPFHÒT6CRHGTMGKVKOQTKIKPCNGPDGUEJ·FKIVGP8GTNGKJ WPIUGVWKOKV/QPQITCOO<CT$QTKU+++$9-<- ++



398

400

399



'JTGP\GKEJGP FGT $WNICTKUEJGP $TWFGTUEJCHV XQO JN #RQUVGN #PFTGCU FGO 'TUVDGTWHGPGP 5KNDGT   XGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP&TGKGEMUDCPF ++



1TFGP  5GRVGODGT  [Îðäåí  Ñåïòåìâðè  ]  #WUHÒJTWPI 2QTVTCKV OKV     5EJWNVGTCPUCV\WPF-NCUUG5VGEMFGMQTCVKQPGP &GMQTCVKQP-NCUUGOKV5EJYGTVGTP$TQP\G YGK­  GOCKNNKGTVCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPIGKPGT(KTOCKP5QHKCOKV5EJTCWDGQJPG5EJTCWD UEJGKDG<- FQTVH·NUEJNKEJGTYGKUGCNU-NCUUGDG\GKEJPGV  ++ 



1TFGP  5GRVGODGT  [Îðäåí  Ñåïòåìâðè  ]  #WUHÒJTWPI 2QTVTCKV OKV   5EJWNVGTCPUCV\WPF-NCUUG5VGEMFGMQTCVKQPGP &GMQTCVKQP-NCUUGOKV5EJYGTVGTP$TQP\G TQV  GOCKNNKGTVCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPIGKPGT(KTOCKP5QHKCOKV5EJTCWDGQJPG5EJTCWD UEJGKDG<- ++

120






DÄNEMARK

1,5:1

401

-¤0+)4'+%*&0'/#4- 

'NGRJCPVGPQTFGP='NGHCPVQTFGPGP?<YGKVQFGT/WUGWOUCPHGTVKIWPIFGU1TFGPU-NGKPQFGUZOO  OO FKEM 5KNDGT OCUUKX VNY XGTIQNFGV DGUGV\V OKV 5KOKNKUVGKPGP  I HGKPUVG 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK   OKV/QPQITCOO-ÌPKI(TGFGTKMU+: TGIKGTVGXQPDKU OKP'OCKNNGCDURNKVVGTWPICO#TO FGU/QJTGPFGUUGP&QORVGWTUVCDKPFGTTGEJVGP*CPFHGJNV 444++  'UJCPFGNVUKEJJKGTDGKGKPYCPFHTGKWOGKPG<YGKVQFGT/WUGWOUCPHGTVKIWPIKPGKPGTOWVOC­NKEJGP'KP\GNCPHGTVK- IWPIOÌINKEJGTYGKUGFGU*GTUVGNNGTUFGT1TKIKPCNKPUKIPKGP#/KEJGNUGPKP5KNDGTXGTIQNFGV7PUGTG4GEJGTEJGP JCDGPGTIGDGPFC­CNNG'ZGORNCTGCWEJFKGLGPKIGPY·JTGPFFGT4GIKGTWPIXQP-ÌPKI(TGFGTKM+:JGTIGUVGNNVGP QJPG#WUPCJOGKP)QNFCWUIGHÒJTVYWTFGPWPFOKVGEJVGP5VGKPGPDGUGV\VUKPF6TQV\ITÌ­VGT&GVCKNVTGWGYGKUVFCU JKGTCPIGDQVGPG'ZGORNCTGKPG4GKJGXQPMNGKPGP7PVGTUEJKGFGP\WFGPXGTNKGJGPGP1TKIKPCNGPCWH  

&GPPQEJGKPGTUVMNCUUKIGT'TUCV\HÒTGKPCDUQNWVPKEJVDGUEJCHHDCTGU1TKIKPCNGZGORNCTFCFKG+PUKIPKGPFGU1TFGPU PCEJ#DNGDGPFGU$GNKGJGPGPGKPGTUVTGPIUVIGJCPFJCDVGP4ÒEMICDGRHNKEJVWPVGTNKGIGPYQ\WWPVGTDGUQPFGTGP7O- UV·PFGPCWEJFKG'PVUGPFWPIGKPGU5QPFGTIGUCPFVGP\WT4ÒEMJQNWPIIGJÌTGPMCPP  

&GT1TFGPUEJGKPVUGKPGP7TURTWPIKPGKPGTXQP-ÌPKI%JTKUVKCP+ECKP4QUMKNFGNCWV-NCWU*(GFGTPCEJFGO 8QTDKNF FGT $TCPFGPDWTIKUEJGP )GUGNNUEJCHV 7PUGTGT .KGDGP (TCW CWEJ 5EJYCPGPQTFGP IGPCPPV IGUVKHVGV    XQP -WTHÒTUV (TKGFTKEJ ++  IGUVKHVGVGP /WVVGT)QVVGU)GUGNNUEJCHV \W JCDGP FKG OKV 'KPHÒJTWPI FGT 4GHQTOCVKQP   KP&·PGOCTMXGTUEJYCPF'TUVECUVKHVGVGKJP-ÌPKI(TGFGTKM++CNU1TFGPXQO'NGRJCPVGPPGW ICDKJO-ÌPKI%JTKUVKCP8FWTEJPGWG5VCVWVGPUGKPGJGWVKIG)GUVCNV/KVMÌPKINKEJGO4GUMTKRVXQO#RTKN ÌHHPGVG KJP (TGFGTKM +: CWEJ HÒT (TCWGP 'T IKNV JGWVG PGDGP FGO 1TFGP XQO )QNFGPGP 8NKGU WPF FGO   *QUGPDCPFQTFGPCNUGKPGTFGTCPIGUGJGPUVGPÒDGTJCWRV

121


DÄNEMARK

403

402



&CPPGDTQI1TFGP =&CPPGDTQIQTFGPGP?  /QFGNN UGKV   $TWUVMTGW\ \WO -QOOCPFGWT    -NCUUGQHHK\KGNNG#WUHÒJTWPI UGKV 5KNDGTDTKNNCPVKGTVVNYXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTV#WHNCIGP KO(GNF)QNFCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVGHÒPHHCEJXGTPKGVGVOKV*GTUVGNNGTRWP\G#/FGT(KTOC#/KEJGNUGP KP-QRGPJCIGPCP&QRRGNPCFGN$9-<- ++



&GT &CPPGDTQI1TFGP YWTFG CO  1MVQDGT  XQP -ÌPKI %JTKUVKCP 8 XQP &·PGOCTM WPF 0QTYGIGP     KP'TPGWGTWPIGKPGUUEJQPXQP-ÌPKI9CNFGOCT++XQP&·PGOCTM  IGUVKHVGVGP4KVVGTQTFGPU GTPGWGTV<WP·EJUVPWTCWUGKPGT-NCUUGDGUVGJGPFGTYGKVGTVGKJP-ÌPKI(TGFGTKM8+XQP&·PGOCTMWPF0QTYGIGP

  CO  ,WPK  \W GKPGO CWU XKGT -NCUUGP )TQ­MQOOCPFGWT  CD  FKG QDGTUVG -NCUUG    )TQ­MTGW\4KVVGT -QOOCPFGWT WPF 4KVVGT  DGUVGJGPFGP CNNIGOGKPGP 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP CNU ·W­GTGU <GKEJGP   CPGTMCPPVGT$ÒTIGTRHNKEJVHÒTCNNG7PVGTVCPGPQJPG4ÒEMUKEJVCWH5VCPFQFGT#FGN 1JO*KGTQP[OWUUGPKP'1 5 YWTFGFKG-QOOCPFGWTMNCUUGFKG4KVVGTMNCUUGKPLGYGKNU\YGK)TCFGWPVGTVGKNV&GO1TFGPKUV UGKVFCU'JTGP\GKEJGPFGU&CPGDTQI1TFGPU 5KNDGTPGU-TGW\ CPIGUEJNQUUGP  WPF  PCEJ 4GIKGTWPIUCPVTKVV FGU LGYGKNKIGP 5QWXGT·PU YWTFG FKG )GUVCNVWPI FGT 1TFGPUMTGW\G FWTEJ   #PDTKPIWPIFGULGYGKNKIGPMÌPKINKEJGP/QPQITCOOUXGT·PFGTV



&CPPGDTQI1TFGP =&CPPGDTQIQTFGPGP?  /QFGNN UGKV    #WUICDG OKV /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI   %JTKUVKCPU: 4KVVGTMTGW\)QNFGOCKNNKGTVCO$TWUVDCPFKOQTKIKPCNGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGU*QHLWYGNKGTU#/KEJGNUGPKP-QRGPJCIGP$9-<- ++



404



&CPPGDTQI1TFGP =&CPPGDTQIQTFGPGP?  /QFGNN UGKV    #WUICDG OKV /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI   (TGFGTKMU +:    -QOOCPFGWTMTGW\ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP GVYCU   XGTHNGEMVGP*CNUDCPFKOPKEJVMQTTGMVGP'VWKFGT(KTOC$CESWGXKNNGKP2CTKU<- ++ 'KPGP DGFGWVGPFGP $TWUVUVGTP FGU 1UOCPLG1TFGPU KP $TKNNCPVGP CWU FGO $GUKV\ XQP 2TKP\ #ZGN XQP &·PG   OCTM  DKGVGPYKTWPVGT-CV0TCP

122




FINNLAND

405 (1:1)

'456' 4'27$.+-   

'56.#0&

1TFGP XQO 9GK­GP 5VGTP =8CNIGV·JG VGGPGVGO·TM?  /QFGNN   5GV FGT  -NCUUG   DGUVGJGPFCWU-NGKPQF$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVOKVMWT\GO5EJWNVGTDCPF#DUEJPKVVWPF$TWUV- UVGTP 5KNDGT VGKNYGKUG $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN OKV \YGK UGKVNKEJGP (KZKGTJCMGP   $9-<- 5VÒEM++  9CNVGTPGPPV KP9.5 XQPDKUKPUIGUCOV  8GTNGKJWPIGPFGT-NCUUGFCXQPCP'UVGPWPF XKGTCP&GWVUEJG  

1DYQJNDGTGKVUIGUVKHVGVMCOFGTHÒPHMNCUUKIG<KXKNWPF/KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVQTFGPGTUVCD\WT8GTNGKJWPI /KVFGT#PPGMVKQP'UVNCPFUFWTEJFKG5QYLGVWPKQPGTNQUEJCWEJFGT1TFGP#O/CKYWTFGGTXQPFGT \YGKVGPGUVPKUEJGP4GRWDNKMYKGFGTKPU.GDGPIGTWHGPYQDGKFGT$TWUVUVGTPGKPGGVYCUXGT·PFGTVG)GUVCNVGTJKGNV

406

407

4'27$.+-(+00.#0& 



1TFGPFGU(TGKJGKVUMTGW\GU=8CRCWFGPTKUVKPTKVCTKMWPVC?/QFGNN OKVFGT,CJTGU\CJN /G- FCKNNG (ÒT 6CRHGTMGKV  -NCUUG OKV FGO 4QVGP -TGW\ $TQP\G VNY GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP $CPF   $9-<- ++



4KVVGTQTFGP FGT (KPPKUEJGP 9GK­GP 4QUG =5WQOGP 8CNMQKUGP 4WWUWP TKVCTKMWPVC? )TQ­MTGW\UGV   DGUVGJGPFCWU-NGKPQF#WUHÒJTWPI OKVJQTK\QPVCNCPIGNÌVGVGT¤UGUGKV 5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPF GOCKNNKGTV KP FGT ¤UG OGJTHCEJ RWP\KGTV W C #6 HÒT FKG (KTOC # 6KNNCPFGT KP *GNUKPMK WPF   5KNDGTRWP\G* COQTKIKPCNGP5EJWNVGTDCPFWPF$TWUVUVGTP#WUHÒJTWPI $TWUVUVGTPCWH\YGK 5RKV\GPUVGJGPFUGKV 5KNDGTVNYXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTV8GTIQNFWPIVNYXGTICPIGPCWHFGT 4ÒEMUGKVG OGJTHCEJ RWP\KGTV W C *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G #6KNNCPFGT 5KNDGTRWP\G * WPF ,CJTGU   RWP\G-HÒTCPXGTIQNFGVGT0CFGN$9-<- 5VÒEM++



#O,CPWCTUVKHVGVGFGTPWPOGJTKIG4GKEJUXGTYGUGT%CTN)WUVCX(TGKJGTTXQP/CPPGTJGKOFGPMNCUUKIGP 1TFGP FGO FCU <GKEJGP FGT (KPPKUEJGP 9GKUGP 4QUG UQYKG GKPG FTGKUVWHKIG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG CPIGUEJNQUUGP KUV    YWTFGP +PUKIPKGP OKV 5EJYGTVGTP HÒT 6CRHGTMGKV KO (GNFG IGUEJCHHGP 8IN-NKGVOCPP-WTV)(KPPNCPF 1TFGPFGT(KPPKUEJGP9GK­GP4QUG+P1TFGPU.GZKMQP$CPF$GTNKPQ, 

123


FINNLAND

 408





410

ex 411

409

4KVVGTQTFGP FGT (KPPKUEJGP 9GK­GP 4QUG =5WQOGP 8CNMQKUGP 4WWUWP TKVCTKMWPVC? -QOOCPFGWT-   MTGW\  #WUHÒJTWPI OKV JQTK\QPVCN CPIGNÌVGVGT ¤UG  UGKV   5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV   QDGTHN·EJNKEJG'OCKNNGEJKRUCWH\YGK-TGW\CTOGPFGT8QTFGTUGKVGKPFGT¤UGOGJTHCEJRWP\KGTV WC #6 HÒT FKG (KTOC # 6KNNCPFGT KP *GNUKPMK WPF 5KNDGTRWP\G *  CO MQPHGMVKQPKGTVGP *CNUDCPF   OKV/GVCNNUEJNKG­GPUEJYGFKUEJGT#TV$9-<- +++++



4KVVGTQTFGP FGT (KPPKUEJGP 9GK­GP 4QUG =5WQOGP 8CNMQKUGP 4WWUWP TKVCTKMWPVC? 0KEJV QTKIKPCNG   #PHGTVKIWPIFGU-QOOCPFGWTMTGW\GU$TQP\GGOCKNNKGTVCO*CNUDCPFCDUEJPKVV ++



$GK FKGUGP QHV CNU HTCP\ÌUKUEJG #PHGTVKIWPIGP DG\GKEJPGVGP 'ZGORNCTGP FKG NGKEJV W C CP FGO \YKUEJGP FGO   WPVGTGP WPF FGO TGEJVGP -TGW\CTO KP XGTMGJTVGT 4KEJVWPI PCEJ WPVGP UVCVV TKEJVKIGTYGKUG PCEJ QDGP DNKEMGPF    CPIGDTCEJVGP .ÌYGPMQRH GTMGPPDCT UKPF JCPFGNV GU UKEJ WO KP FGP GT ,CJTGP CWH FGP /CTMV IGDTCEJVGP   (·NUEJWPIGP\WO5EJCFGPFGT5COONGT





'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG FGT 5EJYGFKUEJGP $TKICFG =5XGPUMC $TKICFGPKP OWKUVQOKVCNK? KO (KPPKUEJGP   (TGKJGKVUMTKGI'KUGPCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVGFGT#ITCHHG*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPIFGT(KTOC%%5RQT- TQPIKP5VQEMJQNOQJPG$CPF$9- ++



.QVVC5X·TF 'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG 8GTUKNDGTV WPF GOCKNNKGTV \WUCOOGP OKV .QVVC5X·TF/KVINKGFU   CD\GKEJGP5KNDGTGOCKNNKGTVCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG5KNDGTRWP\GPWPF6T·IGTPWOOGTCP0CFGN  5VÒEM++



412



)TQ­G 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG GKPGU (TGKYKNNKIGP FGT 5EJYGFKUEJGP $TKICFG KO (KPPKUEJGP (TGKJGKVUMTKGI    OKV HÒPH #WU\GKEJPWPIGP   1TFGP FGU (TGKJGKVUMTGW\GU  /QFGNN OKV FGT ,CJTGU\CJN     6CRHGTMGKVUOGFCKNNG++-NCUUG$TQP\G &KVQ-TGW\-NCUUGOKV5EJYGTVGTP 'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG FGT5EJYGFKUEJGP$TKICFGKO(KPPKUEJGP(TGKJGKVUMTKGI'KUGP 6CORGTG/GFCKNNG'KUGP XGTUKNDGTV /GFCKNNG\WT'TKPPGTWPICPFGP(TGKJGKVUMTKGI'KUGPOKV*GTUVGNNGTRWP\G5%Q FGT(KTOC%%5RQTTQPI%QKP5VQEMJQNO#P0CFGN 5VÒEM++ /GJTG UEJYGFKUEJG ITQ­G 1TFGPU WPF /KPKCVWTGPUEJPCNNGP OKV HKPPKUEJGP 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP HKPFGP   5KGWPVGT5%*9'&'0

124




FRANKREICH

413 414

(4#0-4'+%* -¤0+)4'+%* #0%+'04')+/'$+5  

1TFGPFGU5VCEJGNUEJYGKPU=1TFTGFW2QTE—RKEQFGT1TFTGFW%COCKN?2JCPVCUKGUEJÌRHWPIGKPGU 1TFGPUUVGTPUXGTUKNDGTV ++



&GT1TFGPYWTFGXQP.QWKUFG8CNQKU  &WEF 1TN¾CPUCWU#PNC­FGT)GDWTVUGKPGUGTUVGP5QJPGU %JCTNGU   IGUVKHVGV &CU 5VCEJGNUEJYGKP YWTFG CNU YGJTJCHVGU 6KGT IGFGWVGV GPVURTGEJGPF FGT   8QTUVGNNWPI FC­ GU FWTEJ UGKPG 5VCEJGNP PKEJV PWT KO 0CJMCORH IGUEJÒV\V UGK UQPFGTP FKGUG CWEJ CWH GPVHGTPVG   )GIPGTCDUEJKG­GPMÌPPG#NUFGT5QJPXQP%JCTNGU.QWKUFG8CNQKUCNU.QWKU:++FGPHTCP\ÌUKUEJGP6JTQP XQP(TCPMTGKEJDGUVKGIGTPGWGTVGGTFGP1TFGPFWTEJ8GTNGKJWPICPGKPKIGUGKPGT)GHQNIUNGWVG+O,CJTJWPFGTV GTNQUEJFGT1TFGP YKMKRGFKCHT 

-¤0+)4'+%* 4'56#74#6+10  

'JTGP\GKEJGP FGT .KNKG HÒT FKG 0CVKQPCNICTFG XQP 2CTKU UQIGP 1TFGP FGT 6TGWG =1TFTG FG NC   (KF¾NKV¾?  #WUHÒJTWPI OKV (+&'.+6'  &'817'/'06 KO #XGTU/GFCKNNQPTKPI  5KNDGT   /GFCKNNQPU )QNF GOCKNNKGTV #DRNCV\WPIGP WPF %JKRU KP FGT YGK­GP WPF KP FGT DNCWGP 'OCKNNG CO   QTKIKPCNGPCNVGP$TWUVDCPFOKVCWHIGNGIVGT5EJNGKHG$9- +++++



415 (1:1)



1TFGP FGU JN /KEJCGN =1TFTG FG 5V /KEJGN? /QFGTPG #PHGTVKIWPI GKPGU CNU )TQ­MTGW\-NGKPQF   IGVTCIGPGU 1TFGPUMTGW\ )QNF GOCKNNKGTV    I KO MCPPGNKGTVGP $CPFTKPI PKEJV KFGPVKHK\KGTDCTG   2WP\GQJPG5EJWNVGTDCPF ++  'U JCPFGNV UKEJ JKGTDGK WO GKPG 5COONGT QFGT /WUGWOU#PHGTVKIWPI YQJN FGT (KTOC %GLCNXQ KP /CFTKF GKPGU   PKEJV \W DGUEJCHHGPFGP CNU )TQ­MTGW\-NGKPQF IGVTCIGPGU 1TFGPUMTGW\ KO 5VKNG FGT 4GUVCWTCVKQP \YKUEJGP    WPF

125


FRANKREICH

417 (1:1)

417 (1:1) ex 416



'JTGP\GKEJGPFGT.KNKG=&¾EQTCVKQPFW.[U?<YGK'ZGORNCTG &GMQTCVKQPKP-TGW\HQTOOKV-TQPG 5KNDGTDNCWWPFITÒPGOCKNNKGTV &GMQTCVKQPKP.KNKGPHQTOOKV-TQPG5KNDGT,GYGKNUQJPG$·PFEJGP \WUCOOGPOQPVKGTVWPVGT)NCUKPCNVGOQXCNGO$TQP\GTCJOGP4ÒEMUGKVGPPKEJV\WGTMGPPGP  5VÒEM+++++++



<9'+6'5 (4#0<¤5+5%*'5-#+5'44'+%*   

/KNKV·TOGFCKNNG=/¾FCKNNG/KNKVCKTG?/QFGNN  #WUHÒJTWPIOKV5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT5KIPC- VWT$#44'CWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG5KNDGTVNYXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTV'OCKNNGEJKRUWPFTGRCTCVWTCWH FGT8QTFGTUGKVG'OCKNNGFGT4ÒEMUGKVGXQNNUV·PFKIGTPGWGTVCOCNVGP1TKIKPCNDCPF$9- ++



&KG/KNKV·TOGFCKNNGYWTFGOKV&GMTGVXQO,CPWCTXQP2TKP\2T·UKFGPV.QWKU0CRQN¾QP$QPCRCTVG    FGO UR·VGTGP -CKUGT 0CRQN¾QP +++ IGUVKHVGV  /QFGNN  \WT $GNQJPWPI HÒT OWVKIGP 'KPUCV\ GTNKVVGPG   UEJYGTG8GTYWPFWPIGPQFGTHÒTNCPIL·JTKIGVTGWG&KGPUVGXQP7PVGTQHHK\KGTGPWPF/CPPUEJCHVGP#WEJ/CTUEJ·NNG WPF )GPGT·NG MÌPPGP FKG /GFCKNNGKP#WUPCJOGH·NNGPHÒTJGTXQTTCIGPFG(ÒJTWPIUNGKUVWPIGPGTJCNVGP5KGTCPIKGTV PCEJFGO1TFGPFGT$GHTGKWPIWPFXQTFGO0CVKQPCNGP8GTFKGPUVQTFGP#PHCPIYWTFGFKG)GUVCNVWPINGKEJV XGT·PFGTV  /QFGNN  /KV &GMTGV FGT RTQXKUQTKUEJGP 4GIKGTWPI XQO  0QXGODGT  GTJKGNV UKG GKP PGWGU   TGRWDNKMCPKUEJGU #WUUGJGP OKV GKPGO (TCWGPMQRH /CTKCPPG  WPF FGT ,CJTGU\CJN  CWH FGO #XGTU    /QFGNN  /KV &GMTGV XQO  (GDTWCT  YWTFG FKG ,CJTGU\CJN  FWTEJ GKPGP 5VGTP GTUGV\V  /QFGNN     YWTFG FKG #P\CJN FGT 5VGTPG CWH FTGK GTYGKVGTV  /QFGNN  /KV FGT /GFCKNNG MÌPPGP CWEJ OKNKV·TKUEJG   'KPJGKVGP WPF #WUN·PFGT FGMQTKGTV YGTFGP \ $ (TCPMNKP & 4QQUGYGNV RQUVWO CO  #RTKN  9KPUVQP   %JWTEJKNNCO/CKWPF&YKIJV&'KUGPJQYGTCO/CKFKGLGYGKNUFKG#WUHÒJTWPIHÒT)GPGT·NG GTJKGNVGP 

419 (1:1) ex 418 (1:1)

 

126

419 (1:1)

5V*GNGPC/GFCKNNG=/¾FCKNNGFG5CKPVG*¾N½PG?-QPXQNWVXQPFTGK'ZGORNCTGP$TQP\GFCXQP\YGK CPCNVGP$·PFGTP&C\WFTGKYGKVGTG#WU\GKEJPWPIGPFGU<YGKVGP9GNVMTKGIUVGKNUXGTIQNFGVGKPGVNY GOCKNNKGTVCP$·PFGTP 5VÒEM++



/GFCKNNG HÒT FGP +VCNKGP(GNF\WI =/¾FCKNNG FG NC %CORCIPG F +VCNKG?    #WUHÒJTWPI  

FGHKPKVKXG (QTO QJPG -TQPG  #WUICDG OKV 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT5KIPCVWT $#44' 5KNDGT CO CNVGP   $TWUVDCPF$9-C54 ++




FRANKREICH

420

421



'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNGCPFKG%JKPC'ZRGFKVKQP=/¾FCKNNGEQOO¾OQTCVKXGFGN 'ZR¾FKVKQPFG%JKPG?

  #WUICDG OKV 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT5KIPCVWT $#44' 5KNDGT CO CNVGP DGUVKEMVGP $TWUVDCPF   $9-C54 ++





'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG CP FKG /GZKMQ'ZRGFKVKQP =/¾FCKNNG EQOO¾OQTCVKXG FG N 'ZR¾FKVKQP FW   /GZKSWG?  #WUICDGOKV5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT5KIPCVWT$#44'5KNDGTCOCNVGPDGUVKEMVGP$TWUV- DCPF$9-C54 ++



423

422

&4+66'$+5(ª0(6' (4#0<¤5+5%*'4'27$.+- 5'+6 14&'0 

0CVKQPCNGT1TFGPFGT'JTGPNGIKQP=1TFTGPCVKQPCNFGNC.¾IKQPF JQPPGWT? UGKV /QFGNN

OKV /CTKCPPG WPF  CWH FGO #XGTU/GFCKNNQP FGT 1TFGPUFGMQTCVKQP WPF FGU $TWUVUVGTPU      -QOOCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP UQIGP 1TFQPPCP\#WUHÃ&#x2019;JTWPI )QNF GOCKNNKGTV  I   5RTÃ&#x2019;PIGWPF#DRNCV\WPIGPKPFGTYGK­GP'OCKNNGKO$CPFFGT-TCP\UEJNGKHGWPFKO$CPFTKPI2CTKUGT -NGKPG)QNF)CTCPVKGRWP\GUGKV #FNGTMQRH CO*CNUDCPFKOQTKIKPCNGPIQNFHCTDGPDGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWKFGT(KTOC#WEQEKP2CTKU$9-<- +++++





0CVKQPCNGT1TFGPFGT'JTGPNGIKQP=1TFTGPCVKQPCNFGNC.¾IKQPF JQPPGWT? UGKV /QFGNN

OKV /CTKCPPG WPF  CWH FGO #XGTU/GFCKNNQP FGT 1TFGPUFGMQTCVKQP WPF FGU $TWUVUVGTPU     4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP,WYGNKGT#WUHÃ&#x2019;JTWPI¯HKNGVU5KNDGT<GPVTGP OGJTVGKNKI )QNFGOCKN NKGTV CO $TWUVDCPF OKV 6TCIGTCJG KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC ) .GOCKVTG KP 2CTKU OKV   IQNFHCTDGPGO9KFOWPIUCWHFTWEM#/4. #$$Â&#x2014;)#..#;*1//#)'4'52'%67'7:'6 4'%100#+55#06/#+510&'.#.Â&#x2014;)+10& *100'7456&'0+5$9-<-  +++

 127


FRANKREICH

425

426

424







0CVKQPCNGT1TFGPFGT'JTGPNGIKQP=1TFTGPCVKQPCNFGNC.¾IKQPF JQPPGWT? UGKV /QFGNN

OKV /CTKCPPG WPF  CWH FGO #XGTU/GFCKNNQP FGT 1TFGPUFGMQTCVKQP WPF FGU $TWUVUVGTPU      4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP ,WYGNKGT#WUHÒJTWPI OKV 5VGKPGP 5KNDGT <GPVTGP OGJTVGKNKI  )QNF   GOCKNNKGTV FKG -TCP\ÒDGTJÌJWPI RNCUVKUEJIGCTDGKVGVOKP'OCKNNGEJKRUFKG-ÒIGNEJGPFGT-TGW\CTO URKV\GPWPFFKG¤UGFGT-TCP\ªDGTJÌJWPIDGUGV\VOKV\GJP XQPWTURTÒPINKEJGKP-ÒIGNEJGPHGJNV  5KOKNKUVGKPGPCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPF$9-XCT<-XCT 4+++++ 0CVKQPCNGT1TFGPFGT'JTGPNGIKQP=1TFTGPCVKQPCNFGNC.¾IKQPF JQPPGWT? UGKV /QFGNN

OKV /CTKCPPG WPF  CWH FGO #XGTU/GFCKNNQP FGT 1TFGPUFGMQTCVKQP WPF FGU $TWUVUVGTPU      /KPKCVWT \WT 4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP 9GK­ WPF )GNDIQNF VNY GOCKNNKGTV DGUGV\V OKV    $TKNNCPVGP IGRTÒHV WPF5OCTCIFGPCO$·PFEJGPKO1TKIKPCNGVWKFGT(KTOC#-T¾VN[KP2CTKUOKV 9KFOWPIUUEJKNFEJGP +++ 0CVKQPCNGT1TFGPFGT'JTGPNGIKQP=1TFTGPCVKQPCNFGNC.¾IKQPF JQPPGWT? UGKV /QFGNN

OKV /CTKCPPG WPF 5VGTP KO 8QTFGTUGKVGPOGFCKNNQP    -NGKPQF \WO )TQ­MTGW\  Z    OO   PQTOCNG UQIGP 1TFQPPCP\#WUHÒJTWPI 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV OKP 'OCKNNGEJKRU   WPF CWUDTÒEJG CWH #XGTU WPF 4GXGTU 6TCIGÌUG GVYCU XGTDQIGP KP FGT $CPFUEJNGKHG HTCP\ÌUKUEJG   )CTCPVKGRWP\GUGKVHÒTGT5KNDGT 'DGTMQRHRWP\G QJPG5EJWNVGTDCPF<- 4+++++







5GNVGP'UJCPFGNVUKEJJKGTDGKWOGKPYKTMNKEJGU)TQ­MTGW\MNGKPQFWPFPKEJVWOGKPG-QOOCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP

427

428



0CVKQPCNGT 1TFGP FGT 'JTGPNGIKQP =1TFTG PCVKQPCN FG NC .¾IKQP F JQPPGWT? UGKV   -QPXQNWV   XQPEC-PQRHNQEJTQUGVVGPKPXGTUEJKGFGPGP)TÌ­GP ++





1TFGPFGT$GHTGKWPI=1TFTGFGNC.KD¾TCVKQP?1TFGPUFGMQTCVKQP0QTOCNCWUHÒJTWPI$TQP\GVNYNC- EMKGTVCOUQIGPCPPVGP5VCPFCTF$CPF<- ++



&GT GKPMNCUUKIG 1TFGP /KVINKGF =%QORCIPQP?  FGT WPOKVVGNDCTPCEJFGO1TFGPFGT'JTGPNGIKQPTCPIKGTVYWTFG OKV 1TFQPPCP\ XQO  0QXGODGT  XQP )GPGTCN %JCTNGU FG )CWNNG   %JGH FGT 5VTGKVMT·HVG FGU   (TGKGP (TCPMTGKEJ =(TCPEG .KDTG? KP $TC\\CXKNNG KO HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP -QPIQ IGUVKHVGV \WT $GNQJPWPI XQP <KXKN WPF   /KNKV·TRGTUQPGP UR·VGT CWEJ XQP )GOGKPFGP HÒPH 8GTNGKJWPIGP  WPF OKNKV·TKUEJGP 'KPJGKVGP  8GTNGKJWPIGP    FKGKPCW­GTIGYÌJPNKEJGT(QTOHÒTFKG$GHTGKWPI(TCPMTGKEJUV·VKIYCTGP<WOGKP\KIGP)TQ­OGKUVGTFGU1TFGPU GKP #OV FCU OKV UGKPGO 6QF CO  0QXGODGT  GTNQUEJ YWTFG )GPGTCN FG )CWNNG DGUVKOOV 1DYQJN FKG   8GTNGKJWPIGPOKV&GMTGVXQO(GDTWCTGKPIGUVGNNVYQTFGPUKPFYWTFG5KT9KPUVQP%JWTEJKNN   PQEJ  \WO %QORCIPQP FG NC .KD¾TCVKQP GTPCPPV FGT XGTUVQTDGPG DTKVKUEJG -ÌPKI )GQTI 8+     RQUVWO0CVWTIGO·­NGDGPJGWVGPWTPQEJYGPKIG/KVINKGFGTFGU1TFGPU

128


FRANKREICH

431 (1:1) 429



433 430

0CVKQPCNGT 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP =1TFTG 0CVKQPCN FG /¾TKVG? GTUVG #WUHÒJTWPI OKV OGJTVGKNKIGP   /GFCKNNQPU4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP5KNDGTGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPF<- ++



&GTHÒPHMNCUUKIG )TQ­MTGW\)TQ­QHHK\KGT-QOOCPFGWT1HHK\KGTWPF4KVVGT 1TFGPYWTFGOKV&GMTGVXQO&G \GODGT  XQP 5VCCVURT·UKFGPV )GPGTCN %JCTNGU FG )CWNNG   IGUVKHVGV WO FKG \CJNTGKEJGP KPUIGUCOV    KP\YKUEJGPGZKUVKGTGPFGPFTGKMNCUUKIGPOKPKUVGTKGNNGP8GTFKGPUVQTFGPITÌ­VGPVGKNUWPFFKGPQEJGZKUVKGTGPFGPFTGK -QNQPKCNQTFGP \W GTUGV\GP YQDGK FGT 1TFGP FGT #MCFGOKUEJGP 2CNOGP FGT .CPFYKTVUEJCHVU8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGT   /CTKPG8GTFKGPUVQTFGP WPF FGT 1TFGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO -WPUV WPF .KVGTCVWT GTJCNVGP YWTFGP WPF DKU JGWVG   XGTNKGJGPYGTFGP



'JTGP\GKEJGP GKPGU 1HHK\KGTU FGT 8QNMUDKNFWPI =&¾EQTCVKQP F 1HHKEKGT FG N +PUVTWEVKQP 2WDNKSWG?  

UQIGP )QNFGPG #MCFGOKUEJG 2CNOGP   /QFGNN   )QNF DGUGV\V OKV \YGK   &KCOCPVTQUGP  I KP FGT ¤UG *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G FGT (KTOC # $CSWGXKNNG KP2CTKUWPF-NGKPG)QNF )CTCPVKGRWP\G UGKV  #FNGTMQRH  CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF OKV CWHIGNGIVGT 4QUGVVG KO 'VWK   $9-<- +++ 5GJTRNCUVKUEJIGCTDGKVGVWPFKPGEJV)QNFUGJTUGNVGP







/KVMCKUGTNKEJGO&GMTGVXQO/·T\QTICPKUKGTVG-CKUGT0CRQN¾QP+  FKGHTCP\ÌUKUEJG7PKXGT UKV·V YQFWTEJ GT CWEJ \YGK 'JTGPVKVGN UEJWH 1HHK\KGT FGT 7PKXGTUKV·V =1HHKEKGT FG N 7PKXGTUKV¾? WPF 1HHK\KGT FGT   #MCFGOKGP =1HHKEKGT FGU #ECF¾OKGU? FGTGP +PUKIPKGP CWU CWH FGT 4QDG IGUVKEMVGP IGMTGW\VGP 2CNO\YGKIGP   DGUVCPFGPFKGLGPCEJ4CPIUKNDGTQFGTIQNFHCTDGPYCTGPWPFWPVGTUEJKGFNKEJG)TÌ­GPJCVVGP/KV&GMTGVXQP ·PFGTVGFGTHTCP\ÌUKUEJG2T·UKFGPV2TKP\.QWKU0CRQN¾QP$QPCRCTVG  FGTUR·VGTG-CKUGT0CRQN¾QP+++ FKG$G\GKEJPWPIGPKP1HHK\KGTFGT#MCFGOKG=1HHKEKGTFGN #ECF¾OKG? UKNDGTHCTDGP WPF1HHK\KGTFGT8QNMUDKNFWPI =1HHKEKGT FG N +PUVTWEVKQP 2WDNKSWG? IQNFHCTDGP  /KV MCKUGTNKEJGO &GMTGV XQO  #RTKN  YWTFGP PWPOGJT   VTCIDCTG /GVCNN&GMQTCVKQPGP CP XKQNGVVGP $·PFGTP ÒDNKEJGTYGKUG #MCFGOKUEJG 2CNOGP =2CNOGU #ECF¾OKSWGU?   IGPCPPV KP FGP INGKEJGP (CTDGP WPF $G\GKEJPWPIGP IGUVKHVGV YQDGK FKG IQNFHCTDGPG &GMQTCVKQP FGT 1HHK\KGTG FGT   8QNMUDKNFWPI CP GKPGO $CPF OKV CWHIGNGIVGT 4QUGVVG IGVTCIGP YWTFG &KGUG &GMQTCVKQP ÒDGTUVCPF CWEJ FGP   <WUCOOGPDTWEJFGU-CKUGTTGKEJU







'JTGP\GKEJGP GKPGU 1HHK\KGTU FGT 8QNMUDKNFWPI =&¾EQTCVKQP F 1HHKEKGT FG N +PUVTWEVKQP 2WDNKSWG?  

UQIGP )QNFGPG #MCFGOKUEJG 2CNOGP  /KPKCVWT )QNF KO $CPFTKPI *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G WPF -NGKPG   )QNF)CTCPVKGRWP\G UGKV  #FNGTMQRH  CO $·PFEJGP OKV CWHIGNGIVGT 4QUGVVG KO .GFGTGVWK XQP   (C[QNNGKP2CTKU ++



-QPXQNWVXQPFTGKUQIGP#MCFGOKUEJGP2CNOGP'KP'JTGP\GKEJGPGKPGU1HHK\KGTUFGT8QNMUDKNFWPI =&¾EQTCVKQP F 1HHKEKGT FG N +PUVTWEVKQP 2WDNKSWG? 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF VNY GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP   $TWUVDCPF OKV CWHIGNGIVGT 4QUGVVG WPF \YGK 'JTGP\GKEJGP GKPGU 1HHK\KGTU FGT #MCFGOKG =&¾EQTCVKQP   F 1HHKEKGTFGN #ECF¾OKG?5KNDGTVNYGOCKNNKGTVCO$CPF$9-<-  5VÒEM+++++++



1TFGP FGT #MCFGOKUEJGP 2CNOGP =1TFTG FGU 2CNOGU #ECF¾OKSWGU?  /QFGNN UGKV   -QO   OCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF KO PKEJV MQTTGMVGP 'VWK   FGT(KTOC#/CTKG5VWCTVKP2CTKU$9-<- ++



/KV&GMTGVXQO1MVQDGTYWTFGFCU'JTGP\GKEJGPFGT#MCFGOKUEJGP2CNOGPKPGKPGPFTGKMNCUUKIGP1TFGP =-QOOCPFGWT 1HHK\KGT WPF 4KVVGT? WOIGYCPFGNV &GT 1TFGP FGT XQO 7PVGTTKEJVU/KPKUVGTKWO XGTYCNVGV YKTF   YWTFGDGK5VKHVWPIFGU0CVKQPCNGP8GTFKGPUVQTFGPUCO&G\GODGTFWTEJ5VCCVURT·UKFGPV)GPGTCN%JCTNGUFG )CWNNG  PKEJVCWHIGJQDGPWPFYKTFDKUKPFKG)GIGPYCTVXGTNKGJGP

129


FRANKREICH

435 434 438

436



437

.CPFYKTVUEJCHVU8GTFKGPUVQTFGP=1TFTGFG/¾TKVG#ITKEQNG?-QOOCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP#WUHÒJTWPI

QJPG  CWH FGO /GFCKNNQPTKPI  5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV /GFCKNNQPU )QNF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP   *CNUDCPF KOQTKIKPCNGPIQNFHCTDGPDGFTWEMVGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWKXQP).GOCKVTGKP2CTKU$9- <- ++





.CPFYKTVUEJCHVU8GTFKGPUVQTFGP =1TFTG FG /¾TKVG #ITKEQNG? 1HHK\KGTUFGMQTCVKQP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV   WPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPFOKVCWHIGNGIVGT4QUGVVG$9-<- ++





1TFGP HÒT /CTKPGXGTFKGPUVG =1TFG FW /¾TKVG /CTKVKOG?  /QFGNN OKV TÒEMUGKVKIGT +PUEJTKHV   /#4+0' /#4%*#0&'  -QOOCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV OGJTGTG   5EJ·FGP KP FGT ¤UG PKEJV KFGPVKHK\KGTDCT RWP\KGTV CWH FGO $CPFTKPI HTCP\ÌUKUEJG )CTCPVKGRWP\G UGKV   HÒTGT5KNDGT 'DGTMQRHRWP\G COQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPF$9-<- ++++8



1TFGP HÒT /CTKPGXGTFKGPUVG =1TFG FW /¾TKVG /CTKVKOG?  /QFGNN OKV TÒEMUGKVKIGT +PUEJTKHV   /#4+0' /#4%*#0&'  4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP 5KNDGT VNY GOCKNNKGTV GKPG 5VTCJNGPURKV\G OKV OKP   'OCKNNGUEJ·FGPCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPF$9-<- ++



1TFGP HÒT 5Q\KCNXGTFKGPUVG =1TFTG FW /¾TKVG 5QEKCN? -QOOCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF   GOCKNNKGTVOKP#WUDTÒEJGKPFGP5VGTPURKV\GPCOQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPF$9-<- +++++



&GT WTURTÒPINKEJ GKPMNCUUKIG 4KVVGT  1TFGP YWTFG CWH +PKVKCVKXG FGU HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP .CPFYKTVUEJCHVUOKPKUVGTU ,WNGU   /¾NKPG  OKV&GMTGVXQO,WNKIGUVKHVGVYWTFGFKG1HHK\KGTUMNCUUGGKPIGHÒJTVWPFFKG -QOOCPFGWTUMNCUUG &GT 1TFGP FGT XQO /KPKUVGTKWO HÒT .CPFYKTVUEJCHV WPF (QTUVGP XGTYCNVGV YKTF YWTFG DGK   5VKHVWPI FGU 0CVKQPCNGP 8GTFKGPUVQTFGPU CO  &G\GODGT  FWTEJ 5VCCVURT·UKFGPV )GPGTCN %JCTNGU FG )CWNNG  

 PKEJVCWHIGJQDGPWPFYKTFDKUKPFKG)GIGPYCTVXGTNKGJGP

&GTFTGKMNCUUKIG -QOOCPFGWT1HHK\KGTWPF4KVVGT 1TFGPHÒT8GTFKGPUVGWOFKG*CPFGNUOCTKPGYWTFGOKV)GUGV\ XQO  (GDTWCT  IGUVKHVGV WPF OKV )GUGV\ XQO  5GRVGODGT  OQFKHK\KGTV &GT 1TFGP FGT JGWVG XQO   /KPKUVGTKWOHÒT9KTVUEJCHVWPF(KPCP\GPXGTYCNVGVYKTFYWTFGDGK5VKHVWPIFGU0CVKQPCNGP8GTFKGPUVQTFGPUCO &G\GODGTFWTEJ5VCCVURT·UKFGPV)GPGTCN%JCTNGUFG)CWNNG  PKEJVCWHIGJQDGPWPFYKTFDKUKPFKG )GIGPYCTVXGTNKGJGP





&GT FTGKMNCUUKIG -QOOCPFGWT 1HHK\KGT WPF 4KVVGT 1TFGPYWTFGOKV&GMTGVXQO1MVQDGTIGUVKHVGVWPF XQO #TDGKVU/KPKUVGTKWO XGTYCNVGV $GK 5VKHVWPI FGU 0CVKQPCNGP 8GTFKGPUVQTFGPU CO  &G\GODGT  FWTEJ   5VCCVURT·UKFGPV)GPGTCN%JCTNGUFG)CWNNG  KUVGT\WO,CPWCTCWHIGJQDGPYQTFGP

130


FRANKREICH

439

441

440



1TFGPHÒT5Q\KCNXGTFKGPUVG=1TFTGFW/¾TKVG5QEKCN?1HHK\KGTUFGMQTCVKQP·NVGTG#PHGTVKIWPI5KNDGT XGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPFOKVCWHIGNGIVGT4QUGVVG$9-<- ++





1TFGP HÒT 5Q\KCNXGTFKGPUVG =1TFTG FW /¾TKVG 5QEKCN? 1HHK\KGTUFGMQTCVKQP LÒPIGTG #PHGTVKIWPI OKV -ÒIGNEJGPCPFGP5VTCJNGPURKV\GP $TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPFOKVCWHIG- NGIVGT4QUGVVG$9-<- ++



1TFGP HÒT 5Q\KCNXGTFKGPUVG =1TFTG FW /¾TKVG 5QEKCN? 1HHK\KGTUFGMQTCVKQP LÒPIGTG #PHGTVKIWPI OKV -ÒIGNEJGPCPFGP5VTCJNGPURKV\GP 5KNDGTGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPF$9-<- ++





442 443



444

1TFGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FKG 8QNMUIGUWPFJGKV =1TFTG FG NC 5CPV¾ 2WDNKSWG? 4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP   $TQP\GXGTUKNDGTVVNYGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPF$9-<- ++



&GTFTGKMNCUUKIG -QOOCPFGWT1HHK\KGTWPF4KVVGT 1TFGPHÒT8GTFKGPUVGWOFCU)GUWPFJGKVUYGUGPFKG#TOGPHÒT- UQTIG WPF FGP -KPFGTUEJWV\ YWTFG OKV &GMTGV XQO  (GDTWCT  IGUVKHVGV OKV &GMTGV XQO  /CK    OQFKHK\KGTV WPF XQO )GUWPFJGKVU/KPKUVGTKWO XGTYCNVGV $GK 5VKHVWPI FGU 0CVKQPCNGP 8GTFKGPUVQTFGPU CO    &G\GODGTFWTEJ5VCCVURT·UKFGPV)GPGTCN%JCTNGUFG)CWNNG  KUVGT\WO,CPWCTCWHIGJQDGP YQTFGP



1TFGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FGP *CPFGN =1TFTG FW /¾TKVG %QOOGTEKCN?  /QFGNN OKV /'4+6'   %1//'4%+#.CWHFGO4GXGTUOGFCKNNQP -QOOCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFVNYGOCKN- NKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPF$9-<- 4++



&GTFTGKMNCUUKIG -QOOCPFGWT1HHK\KGTWPF4KVVGT 1TFGPHÒT8GTFKGPUVGWOFGP*CPFGNWPFFKG+PFWUVTKGYWTFG OKV&GMTGVXQO/CKIGUVKHVGVWPFXQO/KPKUVGTKWOHÒT*CPFGNWPF+PFWUVTKGXGTYCNVGV/KV&GMTGVXQO ,WPKGTJKGNVGTFKG$G\GKEJPWPI1TFGPHÒT8GTFKGPUVGWOFGP*CPFGNWPFFKG+PFWUVTKG=1TFTGFW/¾TKVG %QOOGTEKCNGV+PFWUVTKGN?$GK5VKHVWPIFGU0CVKQPCNGP8GTFKGPUVQTFGPUCO&G\GODGTFWTEJ5VCCVURT·UKFGPV )GPGTCN%JCTNGUFG)CWNNG  KUVGT\WO,CPWCTCWHIGJQDGPYQTFGP



1TFGPHÒT8GTFKGPUVGWOFGP6QWTKUOWU=1TFTGFW/¾TKVG6QWTKUVKSWG?1HHK\KGTUFGMQTCVKQP5KNDGT XGTIQNFGVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPFOKVCWHIGNGIVGT4QUGVVG<- ++



&GT FTGKMNCUUKIG -QOOCPFGWT 1HHK\KGT WPF 4KVVGT  1TFGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FKG 'PVYKEMNWPI FGU HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP   6QWTKUOWUYWTFGOKV&GMTGVXQO/CKIGUVKHVGVWPFXQO/KPKUVGTKWOHÒTÌHHGPVNKEJG#TDGKVGPXGTYCNVGV $GK5VKHVWPIFGU0CVKQPCNGP8GTFKGPUVQTFGPUCO&G\GODGTFWTEJ5VCCVURT·UKFGPV)GPGTCN%JCTNGUFG)CWNNG

 KUVGT\WO,CPWCTCWHIGJQDGPYQTFGP

131


FRANKREICH

446

447

445 449 448



1TFGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FCU 2QUVYGUGP =1TFTG FW /¾TKVG2QUVCN? -QOOCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP5KNDGT XGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPF<- 4++



&GT FTGKMNCUUKIG -QOOCPFGWT 1HHK\KGT WPF 4KVVGT  1TFGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FCU 2QUV 6GNGRJQP WPF 6GNG   ITCRJGPYGUGP YWTFG OKV &GMTGV XQO  0QXGODGT  IGUVKHVGV WPF XQO /KPKUVGTKWO HÒT FCU 2QUV WPF (GTP   OGNFGYGUGP XGTYCNVGV $GK 5VKHVWPI FGU 0CVKQPCNGP 8GTFKGPUVQTFGPU CO  &G\GODGT  FWTEJ 5VCCVURT·UKFGPV   )GPGTCN%JCTNGUFG)CWNNG  KUVGT\WO,CPWCTCWHIGJQDGPYQTFGP



1TFGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FKG 8QNMUYKTVUEJCHV =1TFTG FG N 'EQPQOKG 0CVKQPCNG? 4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP   5KNDGTVNYGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPF<- 4++



&GTFTGKMNCUUKIG -QOOCPFGWT1HHK\KGTWPF4KVVGT 1TFGPHÒT8GTFKGPUVGWOFKGHTCP\ÌUKUEJG9KTVUEJCHVYWTFGOKV &GMTGVXQO,CPWCTIGUVKHVGVWPFXQO(KPCP\/KPKUVGTKWOXGTYCNVGV$GK5VKHVWPIFGU0CVKQPCNGP8GTFKGPUV QTFGPU CO  &G\GODGT  FWTEJ 5VCCVURT·UKFGPV )GPGTCN %JCTNGU FG )CWNNG   KUV GT \WO  ,CPWCT   CWHIGJQDGPYQTFGP



1TFGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WOFGP5RQTV=1TFTGFW/¾TKVG5RQTVKH? 1HHK\KGTUFGMQTCVKQP5KNDGT  CWH FGOWPVGTGP4CPFOGJTHCEJRWP\KGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPFOKVCWHIGNGIVGT4QUGVVG<- ++



&GT FTGKMNCUUKIG -QOOCPFGWT 1HHK\KGT WPF 4KVVGT  1TFGPHÒT8GTFKGPUVGWO(ÌTFGTWPIFGUHTCP\ÌUKUEJGP5RQTVU YWTFGOKV&GMTGVXQO,WNKIGUVKHVGVWPFXQO/KPKUVGTKWOHÒT0CVKQPCNG'T\KGJWPIXGTYCNVGV$GK5VKHVWPI FGU0CVKQPCNGP8GTFKGPUVQTFGPUCO&G\GODGTFWTEJ5VCCVURT·UKFGPV)GPGTCN%JCTNGUFG)CWNNG   KUVGT\WO,CPWCTCWHIGJQDGPYQTFGP



1TFGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FKG #TDGKV =1TFTG FW /¾TKVG FW 6TCXCKN? 4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP 5KNDGT VNY   GOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPF<- 4++



&GTFTGKMNCUUKIG -QOOCPFGWT1HHK\KGTWPF4KVVGT 1TFGPHÒT8GTFKGPUVGWOFCU#TDGKVUYGUGPYWTFGOKV&GMTGV XQO,CPWCTIGUVKHVGVWPFXQO#TDGKVU/KPKUVGTKWOXGTYCNVGV$GK5VKHVWPIFGU0CVKQPCNGP8GTFKGPUVQTFGPU CO  &G\GODGT  FWTEJ 5VCCVURT·UKFGPV )GPGTCN %JCTNGU FG )CWNNG   KUV GT \WO  ,CPWCT    CWHIGJQDGPYQTFGP



1TFGP HÒT /KNKV·T8GTFKGPUV =1TFTG FW /¾TKVG /KNKVCKTG? -QOOCPFGWTMTGW\ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF   GOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPF<- 4++ &GTFTGKMNCUUKIG -QOOCPFGWT1HHK\KGTWPF4KVVGT 1TFGPHÒTXGTFKGPUVXQNNGPKPUVTWMVKXGPWPFHTGKYKNNKIGP'KPUCV\ KPFGT4GUGTXGKP(TKGFGPU\GKVGPYWTFGOKV&GMTGVXQO/·T\IGUVKHVGVWPFXQO8GTVGKFKIWPIU/KPKUVGTKWO XGTYCNVGV$GK5VKHVWPIFGU0CVKQPCNGP8GTFKGPUVQTFGPUCO&G\GODGTFWTEJ5VCCVURT·UKFGPV)GPGTCN%JCTNGU FG)CWNNG  KUVGT\WO,CPWCTCWHIGJQDGPYQTFGP

132




FRANKREICH

452

453 Rv.

450

&4+66'$+5(ª0(6' (4#0<¤5+5%*'4'27$.+- 5'+6 '*4'0<'+%*'0 

-TKGIUMTGW\ =%TQKZ FG )WGTTG?  /QFGNN   #WUICDG OKV FGP ,CJTGU\CJNGP    CWHFGO4GXGTUOGFCKNNQPFKGUGGVYCUGKPIGFTÒEMVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPFOKVCWHIGNGIVGO5VGTPWPF (QWTTCI½TG$9-54 ++





-QPXQNWV XQP EC  XGTUEJKGFGPGP OKNKV·TKUEJGP 'JTGP\GKEJGP 8GTUEJKGFGPG /GVCNNG CWEJ 5KNDGT   VGKNU XGTIQNFGV VGKNU XGTUKNDGTV GKPGU GOCKNNKGTV CP MQTTGMVGP $TWUVD·PFGTP OKV XKGT $CPFURCPIGP KP   UGJTIWVGP'TJCNVWPIGP 5VÒEM++



-QNQPKCN/GFCKNNG =/¾FCKNNG %QNQPKCNG?    /QFGNN  #WUHÒJTWPI OKV DGKFUGKVKI IGRT·IVGT   $CPFTCJG 5KNDGTOKV5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT5KIPCVWT)'14)'5.'/#+4'KPFGT$CPFTCJG*GTUVGNNGT- RWP\G FGT (KTOC %COKNNG 4QWZ WPF )CTCPVKGRWP\G HÒT GT 5KNDGT UGKV  'DGTMQRHRWP\G  CO   QTKIKPCNGP GVYCU CWUIGDNGKEJVGP $CPF OKV -NGOO$CPFURCPIG 5'0')#.517&#05KNDGTOKV *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G FGT (KTOC %COKNNG 4QWZ WPF )CTCPVKGRWP\G HÒT GT 5KNDGT UGKV  'DGTMQRH   RWP\G CWH#XGTUWPF4GXGTU$9-DG54 ++



'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNGCPFKG6QPMKP'ZRGFKVKQP=/¾FCKNNGEQOO¾OQTCVKXGFGN 'ZR¾FKVKQPFW6QP- MKP?  #WUICDGHÒT/CTKPG'KPJGKVGP OKV%#7%+#CWHFGO4GXGTU #WUHÒJTWPIOKVQNKXGP- HÌTOKIGT¤UG5KNDGTOKV5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT5KIPCVWT&#0+'.&727+5COCNVGP$CPF$9- 54 ++







454







455

456

/CFCICUMCT'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG =/¾FCKNNG EQOO¾OQTCVKXG FG /CFCICUECT?  'ZRGFKVKQP      #WUHÒJTWPI OKV QNKXGPHÌTOKIGT ¤UG 5KNDGT OKV 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT5KIPCVWT &#0+'.   &727+5COCNVGP$CPF$9-54 ++



/CFCICUMCT'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG =/¾FCKNNG EQOO¾OQTCVKXG FG /CFCICUECT?  'ZRGFKVKQP      #WUHÒJTWPI OKV QNKXGPHÌTOKIGT ¤UG 5KNDGT OKV 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT5KIPCVWT 1 416; CO   CNVGP$TWUVDCPFOKV$CPFURCPIG$9-54 ++



%JKPC'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG =/¾FCKNNG EQOO¾OQTCVKXG FG %JKPG?   5KNDGT OKV 5VGORGNUEJPGK-   FGT5KIPCVWT)'14)'5.'/#+4'CO$TWUVDCPFOKV$CPFURCPIG%*+0'$9-54  +++

 133


FRANKREICH

457







459 Rv.

460 Rv.

/CTQMMQ'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG =/¾FCKNNG EQOO¾OQTCVKXG FW /CTQE?   5KNDGT OKV 5VGORGN-   UEJPGKFGT5KIPCVWT )'14)'5 .'/#+4' CO $TWUVDCPF OKV \YGK $CPFURCPIGP /#41% WPF   %#5#$.#0%#$9-54 ++



-QPXQNWVXQPECCEJVXGTUEJKGFGPGP(GNF\WIUWPF-QNQPKCN#WU\GKEJPWPIGP8GTUEJKGFGPG/GVCNNG CWEJ5KNDGTVGKNUXGTIQNFGVCPMQTTGMVGP$TWUVD·PFGTPOKVUGEJU$CPFURCPIGPKPUGJTIWVGP'TJCNVWP- IGP 5VÒEM++



-TKGIUGTKPPGTWPIU/GFCKNNG  =/¾FCKNNG EQOO¾OQTCVKXG FG NC )WGTTG ?     )TQ­G #WUHÒJTWPI &WTEJOGUUGT  OO 5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG 5KNDGT OKV 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT5KIPCVWT   )'14)'5.'/#+4'COCNVGP$CPF$9-XCT54 ++



+P5KNDGTPKEJVJ·WHKI\WHKPFGP&KG/GFCKNNGYWTFGCO0QXGODGTCNUQXKGT\KI,CJTGPCEJ-TKGIUGPFG IGUVKHVGV



+PVGTCNNKKGTVG5KGIGUOGFCKNNG=/¾FCKNNGFGNC8KEVQKTG?+PQHHK\KGNNG#WUICDGOKV5VGORGNUEJPGK- FGT5KIPCVWTGP/2#7616WPF.1/CVVGKCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPF$9- ++

462

ex 463 Rv.

461





464

+PVGTCNNKKGTVG5KGIGUOGFCKNNG=/¾FCKNNGFGNC8KEVQKTG?+PQHHK\KGNNG#WUICDGOKV5VGORGNUEJPGK- FGT5KIPCVWT %JCTNGU CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF \WUCOOGP CP $CPFTCJG OKV -TKGIUGTKPPGTWPIU   OGFCKNNGCO$TWUVDCPFOKV$CPFUEJPCNNG'0)#)''81.106#+4'$9- ++





+PVGTCNNKKGTVG5KGIGUOGFCKNNG=/¾FCKNNGFGNC8KEVQKTG?+PQHHK\KGNNG#WUICDGQJPG5VGORGNUEJPGK- FGT5KIPCVWTNGGTG4ÒEMUGKVGCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPF$9- ++





-QPXQNWV XQP EC FTGK XGTUEJKGFGPGP +PVGTCNNKKGTVGP 5KGIGUOGFCKNNGP  #WU $GNIKGP (TCPMTGKEJ   WPF2QTVWICNLGYGKNU$TQP\GCP$TWUVD·PFGTP 5VÒEM++



&C2QTVWICNGTUVCO#RTKNCWH5GKVGPFGT'PVGPVGKPFGP'TUVGP9GNVMTKGIGKPIGVTGVGPKUVWPFPWTGKPTGNCVKX MNGKPGU -QPVKPIGPV UVGNNVG KUV FKG RQTVWIKGUKUEJG /GFCKNNG TGNCVKX UGNVGP 2QTVWICN JCVVG KPUIGUCOV ÒDGT    5QNFCVGPGPVUCPFVYQXQPIGHCNNGPXGTYWPFGVWPFIGHCPIGPWPFXGTUEJQNNGPUKPF



'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNGCPFKG5EJNCEJVWPFFKG)GHGEJVGCWHFGO%JGOKPFGU&COGUKO&¾RCTVGOGPV #KUPGDKUWPF=/¾FCKNNGEQOO¾OQTCVKXGFW%JGOKPFGU&COGUFCPUN #KUPG GV?$TQP\GCO$TWUVDCPFOKV$CPFURCPIG#+50' ++ &GT%JGOKPFGU&COGUKUVGKP2NCVGCW\YKUEJGP.CQPWPF5QKUUQPUKO&¾RCTVGOGPV#KUPGCWHFGOY·JTGPFFGU 'TUVGPWPF<YGKVGP9GNVMTKGIGUOGJTGTG5EJNCEJVGPWPF)GHGEJVG WCWPF#KUPG5EJNCEJV5EJNCEJVCWH FGO%JGOKPFGU&COGU \YKUEJGPFGWVUEJGPWPFHTCP\ÌUKUEJGP6TWRRGPUVCVVHCPFGP

134




FRANKREICH

465

467

466



468

'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG CP FKG 5QOOG5EJNCEJVGP=/¾FCKNNGEQOO¾OQTCVKXGFGU$CVCKNNGUFGNC 5QOOG?$TQP\GCO$CPF54 ++



&KG 5QOOG5EJNCEJV FKG XQO  ,WPK DKU \WO  0QXGODGT \YKUEJGP FGWVUEJGP WPF CNNKKGTVGP 6TWRRGP KP FGT   2KECTFKG KO 0QTFGP (TCPMTGKEJU VQDVG QJPG \W GKPGT OKNKV·TKUEJGP 'PVUEJGKFWPI \W HÒJTGP YKTF OKV ÒDGT GKPGT   /KNNKQP IGHCNNGPGP XGTYWPFGVGP WPF XGTOK­VGP 5QNFCVGP QJPG $GTÒEMUKEJVKIWPI FGT \KXKNGP 1RHGT  CNU XGTNWUV   TGKEJUVG/KNKV·TQRGTCVKQPFGTIGUCOVGP/GPUEJJGKVUIGUEJKEJVGCPIGUGJGP



'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNGHÒTFKG6GKNPGJOGTCPFGPDGKFGP/CTPG5EJNCEJVGPWPF=/¾FCKNNG EQOO¾OQTCVKXGFGNC/CTPG?$TQP\GCO$CPF54 ++



&KGGTUVG5EJNCEJVCPFGT/CTPGHCPFKPFGT0·JGXQP2CTKUXQODKU5GRVGODGT\YKUEJGPFGWVUEJGPWPF CNNKKGTVGP HTCP\ÌUKUEJGPWPFDTKVKUEJGP 6TWRRGPUVCVVFKG\YGKVG5EJNCEJVXQO/CKDKU#WIWUVGDGPHCNNU \YKUEJGPFGWVUEJGPWPFCNNKKGTVGP HTCP\ÌUKUEJGPDTKVKUEJGPKVCNKGPKUEJGPWPF75COGTKMCPKUEJGP 6TWRRGPUVCVV



'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG HÒT FKG 6GKNPGJOGT CP FGP DGKFGP 5EJNCEJVGP XQP #TTCU  WPF    =/¾FCKNNGEQOO¾OQTCVKXGF #TTCU?$TQP\GXGTUKNDGTVCO$CPF ++



+P FGT GTUVGP 5EJNCEJV XQP #TTCU CWEJ CNU 5EJNCEJV XQP #TVQKU DG\GKEJPGV  XQO  DKU \WO  1MVQDGT    M·ORHVGPFGWVUEJG6TWRRGPWPVGTFGODC[GTKUEJGP-TQPRTKP\GP4WRRTGEJVIGIGPHTCP\ÌUKUEJGWPVGT)GPGTCN.QWKU 'TPGUV FG /CWF JW[ KP FGT 5EJNCEJV XQO  #RTKN DKU  /CK  FGWVUEJG IGIGP CNNKKGTVG 6TWRRGP WPF KPFGT \YGKVGP GKIGPVNKEJ FTKVVGP  5EJNCEJV XQP #TTCU #WEJ CNU \YGKVG 5QOOG5EJNCEJV DG\GKEJPGV  XQO  #WIWUV DKU   5GRVGODGTFGWVUEJGIGIGPCNNKKGTVG6TWRRGP



/GFCKNNG\WT'TKPPGTWPICPFKG$GUGV\WPIFGU'NUC­=/¾FCKNNGEQOO¾OQTCVKXGFGN 1E- EWRCVKQPFGN #NUCEG?$TQP\GCO$CPF ++





-QPXQNWVXQPECCEJVXGTUEJKGFGPGP#WU\GKEJPWPIGPFGU'TUVGP9GNVMTKGIU$TQP\GCPMQTTGMVGP $TWUVD·PFGTPKPWPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP'TJCNVWPIGP 5VÒEM++++++++++



470 471

472



4JGKPNCPF/¾FCKNNG =/¾FCKNNG FG NC 4J¾PCPKG?  /QFGNN OKV +PUEJTKHV 4*—0#0+'47*4    6;41. $TQP\GCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPF$9-54 ++





&ÒPMKTEJGP/GFCKNNG=/¾FCKNNGFG&WPMGTSWG?$TQP\GCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPF54





/GFCKNNG FGU 2QNPKUEJGP 9KFGTUVCPFU KP (TCPMTGKEJ =/¾FCKNNG FG NC 4¾UKUVCPEG 2QNQPCKUG GP   (TCPEG?$TQP\GCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPF54 ++





-QPXQNWVXQPECXGTUEJKGFGPGPOKNKV·TKUEJGPWPF\KXKNGP'JTGP\GKEJGPFGU<YGKVGP9GNVMTKGIU $TQP\GVGKNUXGTIQNFGVVGKNUXGTUKNDGTV\YGKVNYGOCKNNKGTVCPMQTTGMVGP$TWUVD·PFGTPOKVXKGT$CPF- URCPIGPKPFWTEJYGIIWVGP'TJCNVWPIGP 5VÒEM++



++

135


FRANKREICH

ex 476 478 (1:1,5)

474 1:3

477







0CEJNC­ FGU #TDGKVGTU (T¾F¾TKE 8GTPG DGUVGJGPF CWU 5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG FGT #TDGKV WPF )TQ­G    'JTGPOGFCKNNGFGT(KTOC.¾QP%JCP¾G%KG,GYGKNU5KNDGTFKG/GFCKNNGHÒT#TDGKVCO$CPFFKG ITQ­G'JTGPOGFCKNNG5KNDGTWPFHGKPITCXKGTVFCVKGTVQJPG$CPF\WUCOOGPKPCNVGO$KNFGTTCJOGP WPVGT)NCUOQPVKGTV 5VÒEM++



-QPXQNWVXQPEC\KXKNGPOKPKUVGTKGNNGP'JTGP/GFCKNNGP8GTUEJKGFGP/GVCNNGCWEJKP5KNDGTVGKNU XGTIQNFGVVGKNUXGTUKNDGTVCPMQTTGMVGP$TWUVD·PFGTP\YGKOKVCWHIGNGIVGP4QUGVVGPFTGKFCXQPKPFGP MQTTGMVGPDGFTWEMVGP1TKIKPCNGVWKUGKPGOKV/KPKCVWTKPFWTEJYGIIWVGP'TJCNVWPIGP 5VÒEM++



-QPXQNWVXQPEC#TDGKVUWPF'JTGP/GFCKNNGPXQPXGTUEJKGFGPGP/KPKUVGTKGP)TQ­G)QNFGPG )QNFGPG 5KNDGTPG WPF $TQP\GPG /GFCKNNGP KP WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP /QFGNNGP #WUICDGP WPF #WUHÒJ   TWPIGPWCFGU/KPKUVGTKWOUHÒT*CPFGNWPF+PFWUVTKGFGU/KPKUVGTKWOUHÒT#TDGKVWPFUQ\KCNG5KEJGT JGKVFGU#TDGKVU/KPKUVGTKWOUFGU/KPKUVGTKWOUHÒT(TCPMTGKEJWPFªDGTUGGFGU-TKGIU/KPKUVGTKWOU FGU /CTKPG/KPKUVGTKWOU FGU 5Q\KCN/KPKUVGTKWOU FGU /KPKUVGTKWOU HÒT *CPFGN #TDGKV WPF +PFWUVTKG   WPF QJPG #PICDG FGU /KPKUVGTKWOU XGTUEJKGFGPG /GVCNNG XKGNG KP 5KNDGT VGKNU XGTIQNFGV OGKUV OKV   ITCXKGTVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUPCOGP WPF LCJTGP CP MQTTGMVGP $·PFGTP VGKNU DGUVKEMV VGKNU OKV CWHIGNGIVGP   4QUGVVGPWPF#WHNCIGPKPFWTEJYGIIWVGP'TJCNVWPIGP 5VÒEM++



&4+66'$+5(ª0(6' (4#0<¤5+5%*'4'27$.+- 5'+6 -1.10+#.'#75 <'+%*070)'0 

-CKUGTTGKEJ#PPCO-CKUGTNKEJGT1TFGPFGU&TCEJGPUXQP#PPCO=1TFTG+OR¾TKCNFW&TCIQPFG N #PPCO?  /QFGNN   -QOOCPFGWT&GMQTCVKQP HÒT /KNKV·TXGTFKGPUV #PHGTVKIWPI FGT   (KTOC #TVJWU$GTVTCPF KP 2CTKU 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV WPF XGTIQNFGV VNY GOCKNNKGTV KO $CPFTKPI *GT    UVGNNGTRWP\G FGT (KTOC #TJWU$GTVTCPF WPF HTCP\ÌUKUEJG )CTCPVKGRWP\G UGKV  HÒT GT 5KNDGT  

'DGTMQRHRWP\G  CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF HÒT /KNKV·TXGTFKGPUV KO PKEJV MQTTGMVGP 'VWK FGT (KTOC   $CESWGXKNNGKP2CTKU545 ++



&GTHÒPHMNCUUKIG<KXKNWPF/KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVQTFGPYWTFGCO/·T\XQP-CKUGT&QPI-JCPJIGUVKHVGVWPF CO  /CK  GKPHTCP\ÌUKUEJGT\KXKNGTWPFOKNKV·TKUEJGT-QNQPKCNXGTFKGPUVQTFGPFGTHQTVCPXQOHTCP\ÌUKUEJGP 2T·UKFGPVGP CWH 8QTUEJNCI FGU -QNQPKCNOKPKUVGTU XGTNKGJGP YWTFG  YWTFGP FKG 8GTNGKJWPIGP FWTEJ FKG   (TCP\QUGPGKPIGUVGNNV 8INCWEJ5[NXGUVGT,T,QJP6JG1TFGTUCPF/GFCNUQH(TGPEJ+PFQEJKPC4CNGKIJ 5HH 



136

-CKUGTTGKEJ#PPCO-CKUGTNKEJGT1TFGPFGU&TCEJGPUXQP#PPCO=1TFTG+OR¾TKCNFW&TCIQPFG N #PPCO?/QFGNN  4GFWMVKQPGKPGT1HHK\KGTUFGMQTCVKQPHÒT<KXKNXGTFKGPUVZ OO   5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV WPF XGTIQNFGV /GFCKNNQP )QNF VNY GOCKNNKGTV CO $TWUVDCPF OKV 4QUGVVG   545 ++




FRANKREICH

479



-CKUGTTGKEJ#PPCO-CKUGTNKEJGT1TFGPFGU&TCEJGPUXQP#PPCO=1TFTG+OR¾TKCNFW&TCIQPFG N #PPCO?  /QFGNN   4KVVGT&GMQTCVKQP HÒT /KNKV·TXGTFKGPUV OÌINKEJGTYGKUG UR·VGTG   #PHGTVKIWPI =RQUUKDNG NCVGT OCPWHCEVWTKPI? DTKNNCPVKGTV WPF XGTUKNDGTV VNY GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP   $TWUVDCPFHÒT/KNKV·TXGTFKGPUV545 ++



480



-ÌPKITGKEJ -CODQFUEJC 1TFGP XQP -CODQFUEJC =1TFTG FW %CODQFIG?  /QFGNN   #WU    HÒJTWPI OKV-TQPGHTCP\ÌUKUEJG8GTNGKJWPIGPCOYGK­GP$CPFOKVIGNDGP4CPFUVTGKHGP  )TQ­QHHK\KGTUUGV KP HTCP\ÌUKUEJG #PHGTVKIWPI DGUVGJGPF CWU 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\ 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV WPF   XGTIQNFGVVNYGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPFOKVCWHIGNGIVGT4QUGVVGWPF$TWUVUVGTP5KNDGTDTKN NCPVKGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV PCJG\WXQNNUV·PFKIGWPUCEJIGO·­G'OCKNNGTGRCTCVWT/GFCKNNQP CWHNCIGCWHFGO-QRHUVGJGPFCP0CFGNFKGUGOKVHTCP\ÌUKUEJGT'KPHWJTRWP\GXQPDKU 5EJYC PGPRWP\G OKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGPKOQTKIKPCNGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK82'5 5VÒEM++ 0CEJFGOFCU-ÌPKITGKEJGKPHTCP\ÌUKUEJGU2TQVGMVQTCVIGYQTFGPYCTUVKHVGVG-ÌPKI0QTQFQO+   CO(GDTWCTFGPHÒPHMNCUUKIGP )TQ­MTGW\)TQ­QHHK\KGT-QOOCPFGWT1HHK\KGTWPF4KVVGT CNNIGOGKPG8GT FKGPUVQTFGPFGUUGP5VCVWVGPCO,CPWCTXGTÌHHGPVNKEJVYWTFGP /QFGNN <WGKPGOWPDGMCPPVGPUR·VGTGP <GKVRWPMV XQT YWTFGPFKG1TFGPUFGMQTCVKQPGPXQPGKPGTYGUVNKEJIGUVCNVGVGP-TQPGÒDGTJÌJV /QFGNN   /KV &GMTGV XQO  WPF  /CK  ÒDGTVTWI FGT HTCP\ÌUKUEJG 5VCCVURT·UKFGPV (GNKZ (CWTG   FKG   8GTYCNVWPI FGU 1TFGPU PWPOGJT QJPG FKG $G\GKEJPWPI TQ[CN CP FKG )TQ­MCP\NGK FGT 'JTGPNGIKQP KP 2CTKU   YQFWTEJ GT GKP HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT -QNQPKCNQTFGP YWTFG 9GKVGTG (GUVNGIWPIGP GTHQNIVGP FWTEJ GKP RT·UKFKCNGU &GMTGV   XQO,CPWCT/KV&GMTGVXQO&G\GODGTYWTFGHÒTFKGFWTEJFGPHTCP\ÌUKUEJGP5VCCVURT·UKFGPVGP CWUIGURTQEJGPGP 8GTNGKJWPIGP GKP PGWGU 1TFGPUDCPF YGK­ OKV QTCPIGPGP 5GKVGPUVTGKHGP  GKPIGHÒJTV FCU CNU   OGVTQRQNKVCPGU $CPF DG\GKEJPGV YWTFG  /QFGNN   OGVTQRQNKVCPG #WUHÒJTWPI  &KG FWTEJ FGP -ÌPKI XQP   -CODQFUEJC CWUIGURTQEJGPGP 8GTNGKJWPIGP YWTFGP YGKVGTJKP CO DKUJGTKIGP TQVGP $CPFOKVITÒPGP5GKVGPUVTGKHGP XGTNKGJGP/QFGNN  MÌPKINKEJG#WUHÒJTWPI   /KV&GMTGVXQO#WIWUVYWTFGWPVGT-ÌPKI0QTQFQO5KJCPQWM IGD FKG8GTYCNVWPIYKGFGTPCEJ -CODQFUEJC \WTÒEMÒDGTVTCIGP FGT 1TFGP UQOKV YKGFGT GKP TGKP MCODQFUEJCPKUEJGT 1TFGP &KG 4GIKGTWPI FGU   &GOQMTCVKUEJGP -CODQFUEJC JCV FGP 1TFGP  CDIGUEJCHHV +P (QNIG FGT 4ÒEMMGJT 0QTQFQO 5KJCPQWMU PCEJ   -CODQFUEJC CNU -ÌPKI YWTFG FGT 1TFGP OKV MÌPKINKEJGO &GMTGV 0T  XQO  1MVQDGT  YKGFGT   GTTKEJVGVYQDGKFKG+PUKIPKGPPWPOGJTXQPFGTMCODQFUEJCPKUEJGP-ÌPKIUMTQPGÒDGTJÌJVUKPF /QFGNN 



137


FRANKREICH

482 483

484

481





-ÌPKITGKEJ -CODQFUEJC 1TFGP XQP -CODQFUEJC =1TFTG FW %CODQFIG?  /QFGNN   #WU   HÒJTWPI OKV-TQPGHTCP\ÌUKUEJG8GTNGKJWPIGPCOYGK­GP$CPFOKVIGNDGP4CPFUVTGKHGP  -QOOCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP HTCP\ÌUKUEJG #PHGTVKIWPI 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV WPF XGTIQNFGV VNY GOCKNNKGTV   6TCIG WPF $CPFTKPI OKV HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP 'KPHWJTRWP\GP XQP  DKU  5EJYCPGPRWP\G  CO   QTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPF82'5 ++



(TCP\ÌUKUEJ 9GUVCHTKMC 1TFGP FGU 5EJYCT\GP 5VGTPU XQP $¾PKP =1TFTG FG N y—VQKNG 0QKT FW   $¾PKP?/QFGNN COJGNNDNCWGP$CPF $TWUVUVGTP\WO)TQ­MTGW\5KNDGTVNYXGTIQNFGV WPFGOCKNNKGTVCP0CFGNFKGOKV*GTUVGNNGTRWP\GFGT(KTOC#TVJWU$GTVTCPFKP2CTKUWPFHTCP\ÌUKUEJGT )CTCPVKGRWP\GUGKVHÒTGT5KNDGT 'DGTMQRHRWP\G OKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGP$9- ++



0CEJFGOFCUYGUVCHTKMCPKUEJG-ÌPKITGKEJ2QTVQ0QXQ KOJGWVKIGP$¾PKPIGNGIGP GKPHTCP\ÌUKUEJGU2TQVGM VQTCV IGYQTFGP YCT UVKHVGVG -ÌPKI 6QHHC XQP 2QTVQ0QXQ CO  &G\GODGT  FGP HÒPHMNCUUKIGP )TQ­MTGW\   -QOOCPFGWT OKV 5VGTP -QOOCPFGWT 1HHK\KGT 4KVVGT  CNNIGOGKPGP 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGT XQP FGT HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP   4GIKGTWPI\WP·EJUVPKEJVCPGTMCPPVYWTFG5GKPG+PUKIPKGPYWTFGPCPGKPGOJGNNDNCWGP$CPFOKVTQVGP4CPFUVTGKHGP IGVTCIGP /QFGNN 0CEJGKPGT5VCVWVGP·PFGTWPIXQO#WIWUVFKGWCFKGJGNNDNCWG$CPFHCTDGHGUVNGIVG

/QFGNN YWTFGFGT1TFGPXQPFGTHTCP\ÌUKUEJGP4GIKGTWPICPGTMCPPV  

/KV&GMTGVGPXQOWPF/CKÒDGTVTWIFGTHTCP\ÌUKUEJG5VCCVURT·UKFGPV(GNKZ(CWTG  FKG8GT- YCNVWPI FGU 1TFGPU CP FKG )TQ­MCP\NGK FGT 'JTGPNGIKQP KP 2CTKU YQFWTEJ GT GKP HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT -QNQPKCNQTFGP   YWTFG9GKVGTG(GUVNGIWPIGPGTHQNIVGPFWTEJGKPRT·UKFKCNGU&GMTGVXQO,CPWCT/KV&GMTGVXQP2T·UKFGPV %JCTNGUFG)CWNNG  XQO&G\GODGTYWTFGFGT1TFGPYKGCNNG-QNQPKCNQTFGPOKV9KTMWPIXQO ,CPWCTCWHIGJQDGP





(TCP\ÌUKUEJ 9GUVCHTKMC 1TFGP FGU 5EJYCT\GP 5VGTPU XQP $¾PKP =1TFTG FG N y—VQKNG 0QKT FW   $¾PKP?/QFGNN COJGNNDNCWGP$CPF -QOOCPFGWTMTGW\UR·VGTG#PHGTVKIWPIPCEJFGT 8GTNGKJWPIU\GKV =NCVGT OCPWHCEVWTKPI? $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV VNY GOCKNNKGTV -CNVGOCKNNKG  CO QTKIKPCNGP   *CNUDCPFKOPKEJVMQTTGMVGP'VWKFGT(KTOC#/CTKG5VWCTVKP2CTKU$9- ++



5WNVCPCV 6CFLWTCJ KP (TCP\ÌUKUEJ 5QOCNKC JGWVG &LKDQWVK  'N #PPQWCT1TFGP =0KUEJCP GN #P-   PQWCT? H·NUEJNKEJGTYGKUG OGKUV 0KUEJCPGN#PPQWCT1TFGP IGPCPPV  1HHK\KGTUFGMQTCVKQP 5KNDGT   DTKNNCPVKGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO $TWUVDCPF OKV CWHIGNGIVGT 4QUGVVG \WUCOOGP OKV   /KPKCVWT5KNDGTVNYXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCO$·PFEJGPOKVCWHIGNGIVGT4QUGVVGKOQTKIKPCNGP'VWK FGT(KTOC#TVJWU$GTVTCPFKP2CTKU545 ++



&GT HÒPHMNCUUKIG )TQ­MQTFQP )TQ­QHHK\KGT -QOOCPFGWT 1HHK\KGT WPF 4KVVGT  CNNIGOGKPG 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP YWTFG   KO1MVQDGTIGUVKHVGVXQP5WNVCP#JOGF/QJCOOGFXQP6CFLWTCJKO1DQEM6GTTKVQTKWOUR·VGT(TCP\ÌUKUEJ 5QOCNKC JGWVG&LKDQWVK /KV&GMTGVGPXQOWPF/CKÒDGTVTWIFGTHTCP\ÌUKUEJG5VCCVURT·UKFGPV(GNKZ (CWTG   FKG 8GTYCNVWPI FGU 1TFGPU CP FKG )TQ­MCP\NGK FGT 'JTGPNGIKQP KP 2CTKU YQFWTEJ GT GKP HTCP   \ÌUKUEJGT-QNQPKCNQTFGPYWTFG9GKVGTG(GUVNGIWPIGPGTHQNIVGPFWTEJGKPRT·UKFKCNGU&GMTGVXQO,CPWCT /KV&GMTGVXQP2T·UKFGPV%JCTNGUFG)CWNNG  XQO&G\GODGTYWTFGFGT1TFGPYKGCNNG-QNQ PKCNQTFGPOKV9KTMWPIXQO,CPWCTCWHIGJQDGP

138


FRANKREICH

486 Rv.

487

485



5WNVCPCV#PLQWCPCWHFGP-QOQTGP-ÌPKINKEJGT DKU 1TFGPFGU5VGTPUXQP#PLQWCP=1TFTG

4Q[CN FGN 'VQKNGF #PLQWCP?/QFGNN OKV41;#.KPFGT$G\GKEJPWPIWPFJGNNDNCWGO$CPFOKV \YGK QTCPIGHCTDGPGP 5GKVGPUVTGKHGP    -QOOCPFGWT&GMQTCVKQP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF VNY   GOCKNNKGTVUVCTMCPIGNCWHGPCOQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPF$9- ++



5WNVCP5CKFK#DFCNNCJ +++ DKP5CNKOXQP#PLQWCP EC GKPGT+PUGNFGU#TEJKRGNUFGT-QOQTGPUVKHVGVG FGP\WP·EJUVXKGTMNCUUKIGP )TQ­MTGW\-QOOCPFGWTOKVWPFQJPG5VGTP1HHK\KGT CNNIGOGKPGP8GTFKGPUVQTFGPKO ,CJTFGTCO,WPKXQP5WNVCP5CKFK1OCTDKP5CKFK*CUCPTGQTICPKUKGTVYWTFG&CU$CPFFGU1TFGPU YCTTQVOKVYGK­GP4CPFUVTGKHGP /QFGNN   

0CEJFGO FKG -QOQTGP UEJQP CO  ,CPWCT  \WO HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP 2TQVGMVQTCV IGYQTFGP YCTGP YWTFG GT   PWPOGJT HÒPHMNCUUKI )TQ­MTGW\ )TQ­QHHK\KGT -QOOCPFGWT 1HHK\KGT WPF 4KVVGT  OKV &GMTGV FGU HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP   /KPKUVGTTCVGU XQO  5GRVGODGT  \WO HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP -QNQPKCNQTFGP OKV FGP HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP -NCUUGPDG\GKEJ   PWPIGP FGTPWPOGJTXQO)TQ­MCP\NGTFGT'JTGPNGIKQPD\YXQPFGTGP)TQ­MCP\NGKXGTYCNVGVYWTFGYWTFG GKP PGWGU 1TFGPUDCPF GKPIGHÒJTV JGNNDNCW OKV \YGK QTCPIGHCTDGPGP 5GKVGPUVTGKHGP  /QFGNN   YWTFG FCU   9QTV4Q[CN -ÌPKINKEJ KO0COGPIGUVTKEJGPWPFFKG+PUKIPKGPFGOGPVURTGEJGPFIG·PFGTV /QFGNN   

IGY·JTVG2T·UKFGPV%JCTNGUFG)CWNNG  FGP-QOQTGPFKGKPPGTG#WVQPQOKGWPFGTMN·TVGUKEJ FGT5VCCVWPCDJ·PIKI/KV&GMTGVXQP2T·UKFGPVFG)CWNNGXQO&G\GODGTYWTFGFGT1TFGPFCTCWHJKPYKG CNNG-QNQPKCNQTFGP\WO,CPWCTCWHIGJQDGP  2T·UKFGPV5CÅF/QJCOGF&LQJCT  FGT+UNCOKUEJGP$WPFGUTGRWDNKMFGT-QOQTGPUVKHVGVGFGP1TFGP OKV&GMTGV0T24PGW /QFGNN 



6GTTKVQTKWO -COGTWP 1TFGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO -COGTWP =1TFTG FW /¾TKVG %COGTQWPCKU?    /QFGNN OKV /'4+6' %#/'4170#+5 WPF 6'44+61+4' &7 %#/'4170      $TQP\G/GFCKNNG$TQP\GCOQTKIKPCNGP&TGKGEMUDCPF 5( ++



&GTFTGKMNCUUKIG KP)QNF5KNDGTWPF$TQP\G 1TFGPKP/GFCKNNGPHQTOYWTFGOKV8GTQTFPWPIXQO#RTKN XQO HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP -QOOKUUCT HÒT -COGTWP IGUVKHVGV \WT #PGTMGPPWPI HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FKG -WNVWT WPF FKG   'PVYKEMNWPIFGTPCVÒTNKEJGP4GUUQWTEGPUQYKGFGU*CPFGNUWPFFGT+PFWUVTKG /QFGNN /KV8GTQTFPWPIXQO ,WNKGTJKGNVGTFGP0COGP1TFGPHÒT8GTFKGPUVGWO-COGTWPWPFFKG+PUEJTKHV/'4+6'%#/'4170#+5

 /QFGNN   YWTFG XQP FGT GTUVGP 4GIKGTWPI -COGTWPU FKG )GUVCNVWPI XGT·PFGTV KPFGO CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG   '6#6&7%#/'4170CP5VGNNGFGUDKUJGTKIGP6'44+61+4'&7%#/'4170GKPIGHÒIVWPFHÒT'WTQR·GT GKPGGVYCUMNGKPGTG\YGKUVWHKIG )QNFWPF5KNDGT #WUHÒJTWPIOKVFGTXQTFGTUGKVKIGP+PUEJTKHV4(%#/'4170 GKPIGHÒJTV FKG DKU  XGTNKGJGP YQTFGP KUV  /QFGNN  0CEJ 'TNCPIWPI FGT 7PCDJ·PIKIMGKV  YWTFG FGT   1TFGPXQPFGT4GRWDNKM-COGTWPOKVFGT+PUEJTKHV4'27$.+37'&7%'/'4170 /QFGNN ÒDGTPQOOGP LGFQEJ  FWTEJ FKG PGWG +PUEJTKHV 4'27$.+37' ('&'4#.' &7 %'/'4170 OQFKHK\KGTV  /QFGNN     YWTFG FGT 1TFGP CDGTOCNU XGT·PFGTV WPF GTJKGNV FKG +PUEJTKHV 4'27$.+37' 70+' &7 %#/'4170  /QFGNN  WPF  GTJKGNV GT UGKPG JGWVKIG )GUVCNVWPI OKV FGT +PUEJTKHV 4'27$.+37' &7 %#/'4170    4'27$.+% 1( %#/'4110  /QFGNN   YWTFG CWEJ FKG 6TCIGYGKUG FCJKPIGJGPF XGT·PFGTV FC­ FKG   )QNFUVWHGLGV\VCNU)TQ­MQTFQPDG\GKEJPGVCO5EJWNVGTDCPFWPFFKG5KNDGTUVWHGLGV\VCNU1HHK\KGTDG\GKEJPGVCO $TWUVDCPFOKVCWHIGNGIVGT4QUGVVGIGVTCIGPYWTFGWPFYKTF&KG$TQP\GUVWHGYWTFG4KVVGTIGPCPPV



(TCP\ÌUKUEJGT-QPIQ#TDGKVGT/GFCKNNGFGT/KPGPIGUGNNUEJCHVFGU(TCP\ÌUKUEJGP-QPIQU=/¾FCKNNG FW6TCXCKNFGNC%QORCIPKGOKPK½TGFW%QPIQ(TCP¼CKU?5KNDGTPG/GFCKNNG5KNDGTCONCPIGP1TKIK- PCN*CNUDCPF 4++



9GKVGTG 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT -QNQPKGP WPF 2TQVGMVQTCVG HKPFGP 5KG KO -CVCNQIDGTGKEJ   ª$'45''WPVGT.#15.+$#010/#41--1670'5+'0WPF8+'60#/

139


FRANKREICH

490 489

488

-1//70#.'#75<'+%*07)'0 

2CTKU 'JTGP\GKEJGP FGU #FNGTU XQP .WVGVKC =&¾EQTCVKQP #KING FG .WV½EG? 8GTIQNFGV VNY   GOCKNNKGTVCO$CPFOKV$CPFURCPIG4'5+56#0%'KO'VWK ++





0K\\C 8GTFKGPUVUVGTP FGT 5VCFV 0K\\C =2NCSWG F *QPPGWT FG NC 8KNNG FG 0KEG? $TQP\G XGTUKNDGTV   VNYXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVOKV6TCIGURCPIGWPF3WGTDTQUEJKGTWPIKOQTKIKPCNGPGVYCUDGUEJ·FKIVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK ++



-#2+6'.5&'-14#6+10'070&-+4%*.+%*'#75<'+%*070)'0 

/KVINKGFU'JTGP\GKEJGPFGT)GUGNNUEJCHVFGTHTCP\ÌUKUEJGP+PJCDGTXQP#WU\GKEJPWPIGPFGU*GKNK- IGP5VWJNU$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPF ++



491 492

493

)'5'..5%*#(6514&'070&#75<'+%*070)'0416'5-4'7< 

$GNQJPWPIU'JTGP\GKEJGPFGU(TCP\ÌUKUEJGPTQVGP-TGW\GU &¾EQTCVKQPFG4GMQORGPUGPFW%TQKZ 4QWIG(TCP¼CKU?/QFGNN'JTGP\GKEJGPKP$TQP\G$TQP\GGOCKNNKGTVCO$CPF ++





'JTGP\GKEJGPFGT4KVVGTFGT2HNKEJVXQP2CTKU=&¾EQTCVKQPFGU%JGXCNKGTUFW&GXQKTFG2CTKU?)QN- FGPGU'JTGP\GKEJGP$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPFOKVCWHIGNGIVGO5VGTP ++





'JTGP\GKEJGP8GTFKGPUVFGU$NWVGU=&¾EQTCVKQP/¾TKVGFW5CPI?)QNFGPGU'JTGP\GKEJGP$TQP\G XGTIQNFGVWPFVNYGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPFOKVCWHIGNGIVGT4QUGVVG ++



'UJCPFGNVUKEJJKGTDGKWOGKPGJQJG#WU\GKEJPWPIHÒTNCPIL·JTKIG$NWVURGPFGT

140


FRANKREICH

ex 494 499 495

500

)'5'..5%*#(6514&'070&#75<'+%*070)'0.'$'054'6670)5  )'5'..5%*#(6'070&('7'49'*4 

-QPXQNWVXQPECXGTUEJKGFGPGP'JTGP\GKEJGPXQP.GDGPUTGVVWPIU)GUGNNUEJCHVGPWPF(GWGTYGJTGP=5CWXGVGWTUGV2QORKGTU?8GTUEJKGFGPG/GVCNNGCWEJ5KNDGTVGKNUXGTIQNFGVVGKNUXGTUKNDGTVVGKNU GOCKNNKGTVCP$TWUVD·PFGTPKPITÌ­VGPVGKNUIWVGP'TJCNVWPIGP 5VÒEM++



)'5'..5%*#(6514&'070&#75<'+%*070)'02*+.#06*412+5%*'70&  51<+#.'8'4&+'056' 

1TFGPHÒT8GTFKGPUVGWOFKG2JKNCPVJTQRKG=1TFTGFW/¾TKVG2JKNCPVJTQRKSWG?-QOOCPFGWTMTGW\ ·NVGTG#PHGTVKIWPI$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPF ++



'UJCPFGNVUKEJJKGTDGKWOGKPGPHÒPHMNCUUKIGP )TQ­MTGW\)TQ­QHHK\KGT-QOOCPFGWT1HHK\KGTWPF4KVVGT )GUGNN- UEJCHVUQTFGP



1TFGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FKG 2JKNCPVJTQRKG =1TFTG FW /¾TKVG 2JKNCPVJTQRKSWG? 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\   ·NVGTG#PHGTVKIWPI$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPFOKVCWHIGNGIVGT4QUGVVG ++





1TFGPHÒT8GTFKGPUVGWOFKG2JKNCPVJTQRKG=1TFTGFW/¾TKVG2JKNCPVJTQRKSWG?4KVVGTMTGW\·NVGTG #PHGTVKIWPI$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPF ++





1TFGPHÒT8GTFKGPUVGWOFKG2JKNCPVJTQRKG=1TFTGFW/¾TKVG2JKNCPVJTQRKSWG?4KVVGTMTGW\LÒPIGTG #PHGTVKIWPI$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPF ++





1TFGPHÒT8GTFKGPUVGWOFKG5Q\KCNG5GNDUVNQUKIMGKV=1TFTGFW&¾XQWGOGPV5QEKCN?$TWUVUVGTP\WO )TQ­MTGW\$TQP\GXGTUKNDGTVVNYXGTIQNFGVCP0CFGNOKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGP 4++



'UJCPFGNVUKEJJKGTDGKWOGKPGPHÒPHMNCUUKIGP )TQ­MTGW\)TQ­QHHK\KGT-QOOCPFGWT1HHK\KGTWPF4KVVGT )GUGNN- UEJCHVUQTFGP



1TFGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FKG 5Q\KCNG 5GNDUVNQUKIMGKV =1TFTG FW &¾XQWGOGPV 5QEKCN? -QOOCP-   FGWTMTGW\$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPF ++





1TFGPHÒT8GTFKGPUVGWOFKG5Q\KCNG5GNDUVNQUKIMGKV=1TFTGFW&¾XQWGOGPV5QEKCN?1HHK\KGTUMTGW\ $TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPFOKVCWHIGNGIVGT4QUGVVG ++





8GTFKGPUVQTFGPFGT)GUGNNUEJCHV\WT(ÌTFGTWPIFGT5GNDUVNQUKIMGKV=1TFTGFG/¾TKVGFGNC5QEK¾V¾ F 'PEQWTCIGOGPV CW &¾XQWGOGPV?  /QFGNN /GFCKNNQPWOUEJTKHV QJPG 51%+—6— &         1HHK\KGTUMTGW\$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPFOKVCWHIGNGIVGT4QUGVVG ++



141


FRANKREICH

503





504

8GTFKGPUVQTFGPFGT)GUGNNUEJCHV\WT(ÌTFGTWPIFGT5GNDUVNQUKIMGKV=1TFTGFG/¾TKVGFGNC5QEK¾V¾ F 'PEQWTCIGOGPV CW &¾XQWGOGPV?  /QFGNN /GFCKNNQPWOUEJTKHV OKV 51%+—6— &         -QOOCPFGWTMTGW\ $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV OKP #DRNCV\WPIGP KP FGP /GFCKNNQPTKPIGP CO   QTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPF ++



1TFGP XQO 5VGTP FGU )WVGP WPF FGU 8GTFKGPUVGU =1TFTG FG N 'VQKNG FW $KGP GV FW /¾TKVG?   -QOOCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP $TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVOKP'OCKNNGCDRNCV\WPIGPKO/GFCKNNQPTKPI COQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPF ++



'UJCPFGNVUKEJJKGTDGKWOGKPGPHÒPHMNCUUKIGP )TQ­MTGW\)TQ­QHHK\KGT-QOOCPFGWT1HHK\KGTWPF4KVVGT )GUGNN- UEJCHVUQTFGP



1TFGP XQO 5VGTP FGU )WVGP WPF FGU 8GTFKGPUVGU =1TFTG FG N 'VQKNG FW $KGP GV FW /¾TKVG?   4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPF ++

506





507

1TFGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FKG (ÌTFGTWPI FGT ¤HHGPVNKEJMGKV =1TFTG FG N 'PEQWTCIGOGPV 2WDNKE?   $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­MTGW\ $TQP\G DTKNNCPVKGTV WPF XGTIQNFGV VNY GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN OKV \YGK   UGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGP 4++



'UJCPFGNVUKEJJKGTDGKWOGKPGPHÒPHMNCUUKIGP )TQ­MTGW\)TQ­QHHK\KGT-QOOCPFGWT1HHK\KGTWPF4KVVGT )GUGNN- UEJCHVUQTFGP



142

1TFGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FKG (ÌTFGTWPI FGT ¤HHGPVNKEJMGKV =1TFTG FG N 'PEQWTCIGOGPV 2WDNKE?   -QOOCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP OKV -TQPG $TQP\G DTKNNCPVKGTV WPF XGTIQNFGV VNY GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP   *CNUDCPF ++




FRANKREICH

511

508



1TFGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FKG (ÌTFGTWPI FGT ¤HHGPVNKEJMGKV =1TFTG FG N 'PEQWTCIGOGPV 2WDNKE?   -QOOCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP QJPG -TQPG $TQP\G DTKNNCPVKGTV WPF XGTIQNFGV VNY GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP   *CNUDCPF ++





1TFGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FKG (ÌTFGTWPI FGT ¤HHGPVNKEJMGKV =1TFTG FG N 'PEQWTCIGOGPV 2WDNKE?   1HHK\KGTUFGMQTCVKQP$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFVNYGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPFOKVCWHIGNGIVGT4Q- UGVVG ++





1TFGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FKG (ÌTFGTWPI FGT ¤HHGPVNKEJMGKV =1TFTG FG N 'PEQWTCIGOGPV 2WDNKE?   4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPF ++





1TFGP'KPJGKVWPF'TJCNVWPI=1TFTG7PKQPGV/CKPVKGP?1HHK\KGTUMTGW\$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPF GOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPFOKVCWHIGNGIVGT4QUGVVG ++





1TFGP 'KPJGKV WPF 'TJCNVWPI =1TFTG 7PKQP GV /CKPVKGP? 4KVVGTMTGW\ $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF   GOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPF ++



514

513



1TFGPHÒT8GTFKGPUVGWOFKG*WOCPKV·TG5VKHVWPI=1TFTGFGN ęWXTG*WOCPKVCKTG?-QOOCPFGWT- FGMQTCVKQP$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPF ++



'UJCPFGNVUKEJJKGTDGKWOGKPGPHÒPHMNCUUKIGP )TQ­MTGW\)TQ­QHHK\KGT-QOOCPFGWT1HHK\KGTWPF4KVVGT )GUGNN- UEJCHVUQTFGP



1TFGPHÒT8GTFKGPUVGWOFKG5Q\KCNG$KNFWPI=1TFTGFGN 'FWECVKQP5QEKCNG?5VGTPFGU)TQ­GP2TGK- UGU HÒT 5Q\KCNG $KNFWPI $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF VNY GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG 8GTNGKJWPIUYKFOWPI   HÒT(TCP¼QKUFG6GUUCPXQPQJPG$TQUEJKGTWPI YCTPKGCPIGDTCEJV  ++ 516

 143


FRANKREICH

515 517

518



1TFGP HÃ&#x2019;T 8GTFKGPUVG WO FKG 5Q\KCNG $KNFWPI =1TFTG FG N 'FWECVKQP 5QEKCNG? -QOOCPFGWTMTGW\   $TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVQJPG*CNUDCPF ++





1TFGPHÃ&#x2019;T8GTFKGPUVGWOFKG5Q\KCNG$KNFWPI=1TFTGFGN 'FWECVKQP5QEKCNG?1HHK\KGTUMTGW\$TQP\G XGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPFOKVCWHIGNGIVGT4QUGVVG ++





1TFGPHÃ&#x2019;T0CVKQPCNG8GTFKGPUVGWOFKG*WOCPKV·V=1TFTGFW/¾TKVG0CVKQPCN*WOCPKVCKTG?-QO- OCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPF ++





1TFGPFGT+PVGTPCVKQPCNGP.KICHÃ&#x2019;TFGP(TKGFGPHÃ&#x2019;T8GTFKGPUVGWOFGP(TKGFGP=1TFTGFGNC.KIPG +PVGTPCVKQPCNG RWT NC 2CKZ RQWT NG /¾TKVG RQWT NC 2CKZ? -QOOCPFGWTMTGW\ $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF   GOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPF ++



1TFGPFGT+PVGTPCVKQPCNGP.KICHÃ&#x2019;TFGP(TKGFGPHÃ&#x2019;T8GTFKGPUVGWOFGP(TKGFGP=1TFTGFGNC.KIPG +PVGTPCVKQPCNG RWT NC 2CKZ RQWT NG /¾TKVG RQWT NC 2CKZ? 4KVVGTMTGW\ $TQP\G VNY XGTUKNDGTV VNY   XGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPF ++





520

521

522

523



-TGW\HÃ&#x2019;T/GPUEJNKEJG9GTVG=%TQKZFGU8CNGWTU*WOCKPGU? 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPF GOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPFOKVCWHIGNGIVGT4QUGVVGKPDGFTWEMVGT8GTNGKJWPIUUEJCEJVGN ++





5VGTP HÃ&#x2019;T *WOCPKV·V ='VQKNG *WOCPKVCKTG? 4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO   QTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPF ++





'JTGP\GKEJGPFGT4GRWDNKMCPKUEJGP.KICHÃ&#x2019;TFCU¤HHGPVNKEJG9QJN=&¾EQTCVKQPFGNC.KIWG4¾RW DNKECKPG FW $KGP 2WDNKE? -QOOCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP   *CNUDCPF 4++



'JTGP\GKEJGPFGT0CVKQPCNGP)GUGNNUEJCHVFGT<KXKNGP5GNDUVNQUKIMGKV=&¾EQTCVKQPFGNC5QEK¾V¾0CVK- QPCNGF 'PEQWTCIGOGPV%KXKSWG?1HHK\KGTUFGMQTCVKQP$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPFOKVCWHIGNGIVGT4QUGVVG ++





144


FRANKREICH

526

525

524

527



'JTGP\GKEJGP FGT (ÌFGTCVKQP FGT 5GNDUVNQUKIMGKV =&¾EQTCVKQP FG NC (¾F¾TCVKQP FW &¾XQWGOGPV?   4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP$TQP\GXGTUKNDGTVVNYXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPF ++





'JTGP\GKEJGPFGT(TCP\ÌUKUEJGP.KICFGUÌHHGPVNKEJGP9QJNU=&¾EQTCVKQPFGNC.KIWG(TCP¼CKUGFW $KGP2WDNKE?4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP$TQP\GXGTUKNDGTVVNYXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTV'OCKNNGCDURNKVVGTWPIGP KOXQTFGTUGKVKIGP/GFCKNNQPTKPICOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPF ++





'JTGP\GKEJGPHÒT(TGKYKNNKIGFGTÌHHGPVNKEJGP9QJNHCJTV=&¾EQTCVKQPFGU$GPGXQN¾UFGN #UUKUVCPEG 2WDNKSWG?4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPF ++





+PVGTPCVKQPCNGT1TFGPFGT#P[UGVKGTU=1TFTG+PVGTPCVKQPCNFGU#P[UGVKGTU?1TFGPUMNGKPQF$TQP\G VNYGOCKNNKGTVCOOKP\GTUEJNKUUGPGPNCPIGP-QNNCT*CNUDCPF9 ++



&GT +PVGTPCVKQPCNG 1TFGP FGT #P[UGVKGTU KUV GKP KP (TCPMTGKEJ KO ,CJTG  YKGFGTDGNGDVGT WPF W C CWEJ KP   &GWVUEJNCPF V·VKIGT 8GTDWPF XQP $ÒTIGTP FKG IGUGNNUEJCHVNKEJG 8GTCPVYQTVWPI KO )GKUVG FGT /KVOGPUEJNKEJMGKV   WPFFGT8ÌNMGTXGTUV·PFKIWPIYCJTPGJOGPYQNNGP&GT0COGNGKVGVUKEJXQPFGTJKUVQTKUEJGP<WPHVFGT#P[UGVKGTU =#PKU8GTCTDGKVGT?JGT

528 529 530



/GFCKNNGFGT4GRWDNKM/QPVOCTVTG=/¾FCKNNGFGNC4¾RWDNKSWGFG/QPVOCTVTG?5KNDGTPG/GFCKNNG XGTUKNDGTVCO$CPFKO'VWK 4++



&KG 4GRWDNKM /QPVOCTVTG KUV GKPG JGWVG PQEJ DGUVGJGPFG KO ,CJTG  IGITÒPFGVG RJKNCPVJTQRKUEJG 8GTGKPKIWPI   OKV5KV\CWHFGO/QPVOCTVTGGKPGOXQPFGT5VCFV2CTKUCPPGMVKGTVGOGJGOCNKIGP8QTQTVFGT5VCFV





2TGKUOGFCKNNGFGT)GUGNNUEJCHV\WT(ÌTFGTWPIFGU)WVGP=/¾FCKNNGFGRTKZFGNC5QEK¾V¾0CVKQPCNG F 'PEQWTCIGOGPVCW$KGP?)TQ­G)QNFGPG2TGKUOGFCKNNGFGU2T·UKFGPVGP&WTEJOGUUGTOO5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV CWH FGO 4GXGTU CWUHÒJTNKEJG 9KFOWPIUITCXWT HÒT *GTTP WPF (TCW , $ )GN[ XQO  ,WNK   CO$CPFKOQTKIKPCNGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWKOKVINGKEJNCWVGPFGO9KFOWPIUCWHFTWEMCWHFGO&GEMGN ++



0KEJV KFGPVKHK\KGTVGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP HÒT 9QJNV·VKIMGKV -QOOCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF   GOCKNNKGTVCO*CNUDCPF ++

 145


FRANKREICH

ex 531

532 533



-QPXQNWV XQP EC  RTKXCVGP 'JTGPOGFCKNNGP HÒT RJKNCPVJTQRKUEJG JWOCPKV·TG WPF UQ\KCNG 8GT-   FKGPUVG 8GTUEJKGFGPG /GVCNNG VGKNU XGTIQNFGV VGKNU XGTUKNDGTV OCPEJG OKV 8GTNGKJWPIUITCXWTGP CP   $TWUVD·PFGTPGKPKIGOKVCWHIGNGIVGP4QUGVVGPKPFWTEJYGIIWVGP'TJCNVWPIGP 5VÒEM++



)'5'..5%*#(6514&'070&#75<'+%*070)'08'4&+'056'7/9+55'0 5%*#(6.+6'4#67470&-7056 

1TFGPHÒT8GTFKGPUVGWO.KVGTCVWT-ÒPUVGWPF9KUUGPUEJCHVGP=1TFTG.GVVTGU#TVU5EKGPEGU? $TWUVUVGTP\WO)TQ­QHHK\KGT$TQP\GXGTUKNDGTVVNYGOCKNNKGTVCP0CFGN ++



'UJCPFGNVUKEJJKGTDGKWOGKPGPHÒPHMNCUUKIGP )TQ­MTGW\)TQ­QHHK\KGT-QOOCPFGWT1HHK\KGTWPF4KVVGT )GUGNN- UEJCHVUQTFGP



1TFGPHÒT8GTFKGPUVGWO.KVGTCVWT-ÒPUVGWPF9KUUGPUEJCHVGP=1TFTG.GVVTGU#TVU5EKGPEGU? -QOOCPFGWTMTGW\$TQP\GVNYXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVGKPG'OCKNNGTGRCTCVWT¤UGCO*CNUDCPFTKPI TGUVCWTKGTVCOOÌINKEJGTYGKUGPKEJVMQTTGMVGP*CNUDCPF ++



535

534



1TFGPHÒT8GTFKGPUVGWO.KVGTCVWT-ÒPUVGWPF9KUUGPUEJCHVGP=1TFTG.GVVTGU#TVU5EKGPEGU? 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\5KNDGTGOCKNNKGTVCO$TWUVDCPFOKVCWHIGNGIVGT4QUGVVGWPFIQNFHCTDGPGP5EJYKPIGP ++





1TFGPHÒT8GTFKGPUVGWOFKG9KUUGPUEJCHV=1TFTGFW/¾TKVG5EKGPVKHKSWG?)TQ­MTGW\UGVDGUVGJGPF CWU-NGKPQF$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP5EJWNVGTDCPFWPF$TWUVUVGTP$TQP\GDTKN- NCPVKGTVWPFXGTUKNDGTVVNYXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCP0CFGNOKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGP  5VÒEM4++



'UJCPFGNVUKEJJKGTDGKWOGKPGPHÒPHMNCUUKIGP )TQ­MTGW\)TQ­QHHK\KGT-QOOCPFGWT1HHK\KGTWPF4KVVGT )GUGNN- UEJCHVUQTFGP

146


FRANKREICH

537 536

538



1TFGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FKG 9KUUGPUEJCHV =1TFTG FW /¾TKVG 5EKGPVKHKSWG? -QOOCPFGWTMTGW\   $TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGPVNYCWUIGDNGKEJVGO*CNUDCPF ++





1TFGPHÒT8GTFKGPUVGWO(QTUEJWPIWPF'THKPFWPI=1TFTGFG/¾TKVGGP4GEJGTEJGGV+PXGPVKQP? $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­MTGW\ $TQP\G XGTUKNDGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV  I UEJYGT   CP   0CFGNOKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGP 4++





1TFGPHÒT8GTFKGPUVGWO(QTUEJWPIWPF'THKPFWPI=1TFTGFG/¾TKVGGP4GEJGTEJGGV+PXGPVKQP? -QOOCPFGWTMTGW\$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPF ++





1TFGPHÒT8GTFKGPUVGWO(QTUEJWPIWPF'THKPFWPI=1TFTGFG/¾TKVGGP4GEJGTEJGGV+PXGPVKQP? 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\ $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF OKV CWHIGNGIVGT 4QUGVVG WPF   WPVGTNGIVGT5KNDGTNKV\G ++



'UJCPFGNVUKEJJKGTDGKWOGKPGPHÒPHMNCUUKIGP )TQ­MTGW\)TQ­QHHK\KGT-QOOCPFGWT1HHK\KGTWPF4KVVGT )GUGNN- UEJCHVUQTFGP

540



542

1TFGPHÒT8GTFKGPUVGWOFKGMÒPUVNGTKUEJG'T\KGJWPI=1TFTGFGN 'FWECVKQP#TVKUVKSWG?-QOOCP- FGWTMTGW\$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPF ++





1TFGPHÒT8GTFKGPUVGWOFKGMÒPUVNGTKUEJG'T\KGJWPI=1TFTGFGN 'FWECVKQP#TVKUVKSWG?1HHK\KGTU- MTGW\$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVMNGKPGT'OCKNNGCWUDTWEJCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVGCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUV- DCPFOKVCWHIGNGIVGT4QUGVVG +++++++





1TFGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FKG ÌHHGPVNKEJG $KNFWPI =1TFTG FG N 'FWECVKQP %KXKSWG? -QOOCPFGWT   FGMQTCVKQP$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPF ++





1TFGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FKG ÌHHGPVNKEJG $KNFWPI =1TFTG FG N 'FWECVKQP %KXKSWG? 1HHK\KGTU   FGMQTCVKQP$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPFOKVCWHIGNGIVGT4QUGVVG ++





1TFGPHÒT8GTFKGPUVGWOFKGÌHHGPVNKEJG$KNFWPI=1TFTGFGN 'FWECVKQP%KXKSWG?4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP ·NVGTG#PHGTVKIWPI$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPF ++



'UJCPFGNVUKEJJKGTDGKWOGKPGPHÒPHMNCUUKIGP )TQ­MTGW\)TQ­QHHK\KGT-QOOCPFGWT1HHK\KGTWPF4KVVGT )GUGNN- UEJCHVUQTFGP

147


FRANKREICH

545



549

552

554

1TFGP HÒT /WV 5GNDUVNQUKIMGKV WPF 8GTFKGPUV KP -WPUV .KVGTCVWT 9KUUGPUEJCHVGP WPF 5RQTV   =1TFTGRQWT%QWTCIG&¾XQWGOGPVGV/¾TKVGGP#TVU.GVVTGU5EKGPEGUGV5RQTVU? /QFGNN OKV TQVITÒPGO*CNUDCPF -QOOCPFGWTMTGW\$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPF ++



'UJCPFGNVUKEJJKGTDGKWOGKPGPHÒPHMNCUUKIGP )TQ­MTGW\)TQ­QHHK\KGT-QOOCPFGWT1HHK\KGTWPF4KVVGT )GUGNN- UEJCHVUQTFGP









1TFGP HÒT /WV 5GNDUVNQUKIMGKV WPF 8GTFKGPUV KP -WPUV .KVGTCVWT 9KUUGPUEJCHVGP WPF 5RQTV   =1TFTGRQWT%QWTCIG&¾XQWGOGPVGV/¾TKVGGP#TVU.GVVTGU5EKGPEGUGV5RQTVU? /QFGNN OKV TQVITÒPGO*CNUDCPF 4KVVGTMTGW\$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPF ++



1TFGP HÒT /WV 5GNDUVNQUKIMGKV WPF 8GTFKGPUV KP -WPUV .KVGTCVWT 9KUUGPUEJCHVGP WPF 5RQTV   =1TFTGRQWT%QWTCIG&¾XQWGOGPVGV/¾TKVGGP#TVU.GVVTGU5EKGPEGUGV5RQTVU? /QFGNN OKV ITÒPTQVGO*CNUDCPF -QOOCPFGWTMTGW\$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPF ++



1TFGP HÒT /WV 5GNDUVNQUKIMGKV WPF 8GTFKGPUV KP -WPUV .KVGTCVWT 9KUUGPUEJCHVGP WPF 5RQTV   =1TFTGRQWT%QWTCIG&¾XQWGOGPVGV/¾TKVGGP#TVU.GVVTGU5EKGPEGUGV5RQTVU? /QFGNN OKV ITÒPTQVGO *CNUDCPF  1HHK\KGTUMTGW\ $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF OKV   CWHIGNGIVGT4QUGVVG ++



1TFGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO -WNVWT WPF -WPUV =1TFTG FW /¾TKVG %WNVWTGN GV #TVKUVKSWG?   1HHK\KGTUMTGW\$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPFOKVCWHIGNGIVGT4QUGVVG ++



'UJCPFGNVUKEJJKGTDGKWOGKPGPHÒPHMNCUUKIGP )TQ­MTGW\)TQ­QHHK\KGT-QOOCPFGWT1HHK\KGTWPF4KVVGT )GUGNN- UEJCHVUQTFGP



1TFGPHÒT8GTFKGPUVGWO-WNVWTWPF-WPUV=1TFTGFW/¾TKVG%WNVWTGNGV#TVKUVKSWG?4KVVGTMTGW\ ·NVGTG#PHGTVKIWPI$TQP\GXGTUKNDGTVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPF ++





1TFGPHÒT8GTFKGPUVGWOFKGMÒPUVNGTKUEJG(ÌTFGTWPI=1TFTGFGN 'PEQWTCIGOGPV#TVKUCPCN?-QP- HGMVKQPKGTVGU5EJWNVGTDCPF=¾EJCTRG?\WO)TQ­MTGW\FGU1TFGPU QJPG-NGKPQF  +



'UJCPFGNVUKEJJKGTDGKWOGKPGPHÒPHMNCUUKIGP )TQ­MTGW\)TQ­QHHK\KGT-QOOCPFGWT1HHK\KGTWPF4KVVGT )GUGNN- UEJCHVUQTFGP



1TFGPHÒT8GTFKGPUVGWOFKGMÒPUVNGTKUEJG(ÌTFGTWPI=1TFTGFGN 'PEQWTCIGOGPV#TVKUCPCN?-QP- HGMVKQPKGTVGU5EJWNVGTDCPF=¾EJCTRG?\WO)TQ­MTGW\FGU1TFGPU QJPG-NGKPQF  ++



'UJCPFGNVUKEJJKGTDGKWOGKPGPHÒPHMNCUUKIGP )TQ­MTGW\)TQ­QHHK\KGT-QOOCPFGWT1HHK\KGTWPF4KVVGT )GUGNN- UEJCHVUQTFGP



 148

1TFGPHÒT8GTFKGPUVGWOFKGMÒPUVNGTKUEJG(ÌTFGTWPI=1TFTGFGN 'PEQWTCIGOGPV#TVKUCPCN?1HHK- \KGTUFGMQTCVKQP $TQP\G DTKNNCPVKGTV WPF XGTIQNFGV VNY GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP VNY CWUIGDNGKEJVGP   $TWUVDCPFOKVCWHIGNGIVGT4QUGVVG ++



1TFGP&CUHTCP\ÌUKUEJG)GPKG=1TFTGFW)¾PKG(TCP¼CKU?-QOOCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP$TQP\GXGTIQN- FGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPF ++




FRANKREICH

555

556

ex 557

558



'JTGP\GKEJGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO -WPUV .KVGTCVWT WPF 9KUUGPUEJCHVGP =&¾EQTCVKQP FW /¾TKVG GP   #TVU.GVVTGUGV5EKGPEGU?-QOOCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCO*CNUDCPF ++





1TFGPHÒT8GTFKGPUVGWOFKG(ÌTFGTWPIFGU(QTVUEJTKVVU=1TFTGFGN 'PEQWTCIGOGPVFW2TQIT½U? 4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP$TQP\GXGTUKNDGTVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPF ++



)'5'..5%*#(6514&'0 70& #75<'+%*070)'0 8'4&+'056' 7/ /75+-   70&)'5#0) 

-QPXQNWV XQP EC  'JTGP\GKEJGP WPF /GFCKNNGP XQP /WUKM WPF )GUCPIU(ÌFGTCVKQPGP WPF   8GTGKPGP 8GTUEJKGFGPG /GVCNNG VGKNU XGTIQNFGV VGKNU XGTUKNDGTV VGKNU GOCKNNKGTV ITÌ­VGPVGKNU CP   $TWUVD·PFGTPGKPGUCO*CNUDCPFKPFWTEJYGIUIWVGP'TJCNVWPIGP 5VÒEM++



)'5'..5%*#(6514&'070&#75<'+%*070)'08'4&+'056'7/&'052146 

'JTGP\GKEJGP FGT 0CVKQPCNGP (ÌFGTCVKQP FGT 8GTGKPKIWPIGP FGT 2J[UKUEJGP 'T\KGJWPI WPF FGU   5RQTVU =&¾EQTCVKQP FG NC (¾F¾TCVKQP 0CVKQPCNG FGU 5QEK¾V¾U F 'FWECVKQP 2J[UKSWG GV FGU 5RQTVU?   -QOOCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTV'OCKNNGCWUDTWEJKO/GFCKNNQPCO*CNUDCPF ++

559





560

)'5'..5%*#(6514&'070&#75<'+%*070)'08'4&+'056'7/+0&7564+' 70&9+465%*#(6

1TFGPHÒT8GTFKGPUVGWO*CPFGNWPF+PFWUVTKG=1TFTGFW%QOOGTEGGVFGN +PFWUVTKG?1HHK\KGTU FGMQTCVKQP$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPFOKVCWHIGNGIVGT4QUGVVG ++





'JTGP\GKEJGPFGT(TCP\ÌUKUEJGP7PKQP\WT(ÌTFGTWPIFGT#TDGKV=&¾EQTCVKQPFGN 7PKQP(TCP¼CKUG F 'PEQWTCIGOGPVCW6TCXCKN?4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP$TQP\GDTKNNCPVKGTVWPFXGTIQNFGVVNYGOCKNNKGTVCO QTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPF ++





-QPXQNWVXQPEC'JTGPOGFCKNNGPXQP)GYGTMUEJCHVGP#TDGKVGTWPF+PFWUVTKGXGTD·PFGP8GT- UEJKGFGPG /GVCNNG VGKNU XGTIQNFGV VGKNU XGTUKNDGTV VGKNU GOCKNNKGTV CP $TWUVD·PFGTP FCXQP UGEJU KP   'VWKUKPFWTEJYGIUIWVGP'TJCNVWPIGP ++

 149


FRANKREICH



565

564

563

-QPXQNWV XQP EC  QHHK\KGNNGP WPF KPQHHK\KGNNGP 'KUGPDCJPGT#WU\GKEJPWPIGP 8GTUEJKGFGPG   /GVCNNG VGKNU XGTIQNFGV VGKNU XGTUKNDGTV CP $TWUVD·PFGTP \YGK OKV CWHIGNGIVGP 4QUGVVGP KP IWVGP   'TJCNVWPIGP +++++++



)'5'..5%*#(6514&'070&#75<'+%*070)'0-4+')58'6'4#0'070& /+.+648'4'+0' 





'JTGPMTGW\ FGT )GUGNNUEJCHV FGT (TCP\ÌUKUEJ$TKVKUEJGP (TGWPFUEJCHV =%TQKZ F JQPPGWT FG   N #UUQEKCVKQP#OKECNG(TCPEQ$TKVCPPKSWG?/QFGNN OKV,CJTGU\CJNGP *CNUMTGW\\WT  -NCUUG -QOOCPFGWT  $TQP\G XGTUKNDGTV #WHNCIGP XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO *CNUDCPF KO   DNCWNGFGTPGPQTKIKPCNGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK ++



'JTGPMTGW\ FGT )GUGNNUEJCHV FGT (TCP\ÌUKUEJ$TKVKUEJGP (TGWPFUEJCHV =%TQKZ F JQPPGWT FG   N #UUQEKCVKQP #OKECNG (TCPEQ$TKVCPPKSWG?  /QFGNN QJPG ,CJTGU\CJNGP   $TWUVUVGTP   \WT  -NCUUG )TQ­MTGW\ HÒT CW­GTQTFGPVNKEJG 8GTFKGPUVG  $TQP\G XGTUKNDGTV #WHNCIGP XGTIQNFGV WPF   GOCKNNKGTVCP3WGTPCFGNKOPKEJVMQTTGMVGP'VWKFGT(KTOC%TCXCP\QNC5WEE)CTFKPQKP4QO ++



'JTGP\GKEJGP FGT 5VKHVWPI FGT #NVGP /KNKV·TCPIGJÌTKIGP =&¾EQTCVKQP FG N ęWXTG FGU 8KGWZ /KNK-   VCKTGU?$TWUVUVGTP\WO)TQ­MTGW\$TQP\GDTKNNCPVKGTVWPFXGTUKNDGTVVNYXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVOKP 'OCKNNGHNGEMGPWPFEJKRUCP0CFGNOKVGKPGOXQPWTURTÒPINKEJ\YGKUGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGP 4+++++



'UJCPFGNVUKEJJKGTDGKWOGKPGPHÒPHMNCUUKIGP )TQ­MTGW\)TQ­QHHK\KGT-QOOCPFGWT1HHK\KGTWPF4KVVGT OKNKV·TK- UEJGP)GUGNNUEJCHVUQTFGP

566







150

567

'JTGP\GKEJGP FGT 5VKHVWPI FGT #NVGP /KNKV·TCPIGJÌTKIGP =&¾EQTCVKQP FG N ęWXTG FGU 8KGWZ /KNK-   VCKTGU? -QOOCPFGWTMTGW\ ·NVGTG OKV DGKFUGKVKI CWUIGHÒJTVGT /CWGTMTQPG  $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF   GOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPF ++



'JTGP\GKEJGP FGT 5VKHVWPI FGT #NVGP /KNKV·TCPIGJÌTKIGP =&¾EQTCVKQP FG N ęWXTG FGU 8KGWZ /KNK-   VCKTGU? 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\ ·NVGTG #PHGTVKIWPI OKV DGKFUGKVKI CWUIGHÒJTVGT /CWGTMTQPG  $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV   WPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPFOKVCWHIGNGIVGT4QUGVVG ++



'JTGP\GKEJGP FGT 5VKHVWPI FGT #NVGP /KNKV·TCPIGJÌTKIGP =&¾EQTCVKQP FG N ęWXTG FGU 8KGWZ /KNK-   VCKTGU?4KVVGTMTGW\·NVGTG#PHGTVKIWPI OKVDGKFUGKVKICWUIGHÒJTVGT/CWGTMTQPG $TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPF GOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPF ++




FRANKREICH

572

569



570

'JTGP\GKEJGP FGT 5VKHVWPI FGT #NVGP /KNKV·TCPIGJÌTKIGP =&¾EQTCVKQP FG N ęWXTG FGU 8KGWZ /KNK-   VCKTGU? )QNFGPG /GFCKNNG HÒT RJKNCPVJTQRKUEJG 8GTFKGPUVG $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV VNY GOCKNNKGTV CO   QTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPF ++





'JTGP\GKEJGP FGT 5VKHVWPI FGT #NVGP /KNKV·TCPIGJÌTKIGP =&¾EQTCVKQP FG N ęWXTG FGU 8KGWZ /KNK-   VCKTGU?'JTGP\GKEJGP$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVVNYXGTUKNDGTVCO$TWUVDCPFOKVCWHIGNGIVGT4QUGVVG ++





1TFGP HÒT HTCP\ÌUKUEJG ªDGTUGG8GTFKGPUVG =1TFTG FW /¾TKVG (TCP¼CKU F 1WVTG/GT? -QPHGMVKQ-   PKGTVGU5EJWNVGTDCPF=¾EJCTRG?\WO)TQ­MTGW\FGU1TFGPU QJPG-NGKPQF  +





1TFGP HÒT HTCP\ÌUKUEJG ªDGTUGG8GTFKGPUVG =1TFTG FW /¾TKVG (TCP¼CKU F 1WVTG/GT? -QOOCP-   FGWTMTGW\$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPF ++





1TFGP HÒT HTCP\ÌUKUEJG ªDGTUGG8GTFKGPUVG =1TFTG FW /¾TKVG (TCP¼CKU F 1WVTG/GT? 1HHK\KGTU   MTGW\$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPFOKVCWHIGNGIVGT4QUGVVG ++



574



577 575

8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ HÒT #NNKKGTVG -·ORHGT =%TQKZ FG /¾TKVG FGU %QODCVVCPVU #NNK¾U? )QNFGPGU 8GT   FKGPUVMTGW\ LÒPIGTG GKPUGKVKIG #PHGTVKIWPI $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF   OKVCWHIGNGIVGT4QUGVVG ++



&CU8GTFKGPUVMTGW\YKTFKPFTGK-NCUUGP )QNF5KNDGTWPF$TQP\G XGTNKGJGP



(TKGFGPU'JTGP\GKEJGP HÒT +PVGTCNNKKGTVGP 8GTFKGPUVG =&¾EQTCVKQP FG NC 2CKZ RQWT NG /¾TKVG +PVGT-   CNNK¾?-QOOCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCO*CNUDCPF 4++





8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ HÒT #NNKKGTVG -·ORHGT =%TQKZ FG /¾TKVG FGU %QODCVVCPVU #NNK¾U? )QNFGPGU 8GT   FKGPUVMTGW\·NVGTG\YGKUGKVKIG#PHGTVKIWPI$TQP\GGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPF ++





#PGTMGPPWPIUMTGW\FGT70514HÒT7PVGTQHHK\KGTG=%TQKZFG4GEQPPCKUUCPEGFGN 70514 RQWTNGU5QWU1HHKEKGTU?$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCO$TWUVDCPF ++

 151


FRANKREICH

ex 581 580

578 579



'JTGPMTGW\ FGT 'WTQR·KUEJGP -QPHÌFGTCVKQP FGT GJGOCNKIGP -·ORHGT =%TQKZ F *QPPGWT FG NC   %QPH¾F¾TCVKQP'WTQR¾GPPGFGU#PEKGPU%QODCVVCPVU?$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFVNYGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIK- PCNGP$TWUVDCPF ++





4KXGV/GFCKNNG=/¾FCKNNG4KXGV?/QFGNN QJPG+PUEJTKHV CO1TKIKPCNDCPFOKV$CPFURCPIG 84++ ++





/GFCKNNGFGT8GTGKPKIWPIHÒT(TGWPFUEJCHVWPF2JKNCPVJTQRKGFGTGJGOCNKIGP5RCJKU=/¾FCKNNGFG N #UUQEKCVKQP #OKECNG GV 2JKNCPVJTQRKSWG FGU CPEKGPU 5RCJKU? $TQP\G XGTUKNDGTV CO $TWUVDCPF OKV   CWHIGNGIVGO#D\GKEJGP.'$1740175 ++



-QPXQNWVXQPEC-TKGIUXGVGTCPGPWPF/KNKV·TXGTDCPFU#WU\GKEJPWPIGP8GTUEJKGFGPG/GVCNNG VGKNUXGTIQNFGVVGKNUXGTUKNDGTVCP$TWUVD·PFGTPKPFWTEJYGIIWVGP'TJCNVWPIGP ++





582





583

584

'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG CP FGP  +PVGTPCVKQPCNGP -QPITG­ FGT /KNKV·T/GFK\KP WPF 2JCTOC\KG KP   2CTKU  =/¾FCKNNG EQOO¾OQTCVKXG FW ½OG %QPIT½U +PVGTPCVKQPCN FG /¾F¾EKPG GV 2JCTOCEKG   /KNKVCKTG2CTKU?$TQP\GCO$CPF ++



)'5'..5%*#(6514&'070&#75<'+%*070)'0#..)'/'+0'8'4&+'056' 70&51056+)')'5'..5%*#(6'0

'JTGP\GKEJGP FGT (TCP\ÌUKUEJ,CRCPKUEJGP )GUGNNUEJCHV =&¾EQTCVKQP FG NC 5QEK¾V¾ (TCPEQ,CRQP-   CKUG?5KNDGTPGU'JTGP\GKEJGP$TQP\GXGTUKNDGTVCOVNYDGUVKEMVGO1TKIKPCNDCPFOKV$CPFURCPIG 4++





1TFGPHÒT8GTFKGPUVG=1TFTGNG/¾TKVG?-QOOCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTV OKP'OCKNNGCWUDTÒEJGKO/GFCKNNQPTKPICOQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPFFGU6[RU ++





1TFGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG =1TFTG NG /¾TKVG? 4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO   QTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPFFGU6[RU ++



'UJCPFGNVUKEJJKGTDGKWOGKPGPHÒPHMNCUUKIGP )TQ­MTGW\)TQ­QHHK\KGT-QOOCPFGWT1HHK\KGTWPF4KVVGT )GUGNN- UEJCHVUQTFGP

152


FRANKREICH

586

589

587

590



'JTGP\GKEJGP HÒT CNNIGOGKPGP 8GTFKGPUV =&¾EQTCVKQP RQWT NG /¾TKVG 7PKXGTUGNNG? -QOOCPFGWT   MTGW\$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCO*CNUDCPF ++





1TFGP FGT 7PKQP FGT 'JTG =1TFTG FG N 7PKQP FG N *QPPGWT? -QOOCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP $TQP\G   XGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPF ++





1TFGPFGT7PKQPFGT'JTG=1TFTGFGN 7PKQPFGN *QPPGWT?4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPF GOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPF ++





'JTGP\GKEJGPFGT0CVKQPCNGP)GUGNNUEJCHV\WT(ÌTFGTWPIFGU8GTFKGPUVGU=&¾EQTCVKQPFGNC5QEK¾V¾ 0CVKQPCNG F 'PEQWTCIGOGPV CW /¾TKVG? 4KVVGTMTGW\ $TQP\G XGTUKNDGTV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP   $TWUVDCPF ++



1TFGPHÒT+PVGTPCVKQPCNG8GTFKGPUVG=1TFTGFW/¾TKVG+PVGTPCVKQPCN?4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP$TQP\GXGT- IQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPF ++





592

593

594

591



'JTGP\GKEJGPHÒT0CVKQPCNGP8GTFKGPUV=&¾EQTCVKQPFW/¾TKVG0CVKQPCN?1HHK\KGTUFGMQTCVKQP$TQP\G XGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPFOKVCWHIGNGIVGT4QUGVVG ++





1TFGP FGT (TCP\ÌUKUEJGP *ÌHNKEJMGKV =1TFTG FG NC %QWTVQKUG (TCP¼CKUG?  /QFGNN 5KNDGTPG   &GMQTCVKQP5KNDGTVNYGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPF ++





1TFGP FGT (TCP\ÌUKUEJGP *ÌHNKEJMGKV =1TFTG FG NC %QWTVQKUG (TCP¼CKUG?  /QFGNN OKV +PUEJTKHV   14&4'&'.# $TQP\GPG&GMQTCVKQP$TQP\GVNYGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPF ++





1TFGP FGT (TCP\ÌUKUEJGP *ÌHNKEJMGKV =1TFTG FG NC %QWTVQKUG (TCP¼CKUG?  /QFGNN QJPG +PUEJTKHV   14&4' &' .#      5KNDGTPG &GMQTCVKQP $TQP\G XGTUKNDGTV VNY GOCKNNKGTV CP FGT QTKIKPCNGP   6TCIGMQTFGN ++

 153


FRANKREICH

595

596



596

1TFGP FGT 0CVWT =1TFTG FG NC 0CVWTG? $TWUVUVGTP $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF VNY GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN   FKGUGOKVWPNGUGTNKEJGT*GTUVGNNGTRWP\GOKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGP 4++



#75<'+%*070)'0810#-#&'/+'070+8'45+66'0+056+676'0  /75''070&5%*7.'0 

'JTGP\GKEJGP FGT #MCFGOKG /CNGDTCPEJG KP ,WKNN[ =&¾EQTCVKQP FG N #ECF¾OKG /CNGDTCPEJG ¯   ,WKNN[?*CNUFGMQTCVKQP5KNDGTGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPF 4++



&KG #MCFGOKG /CNGDTCPEJG DGPCPPV PCEJ FGO HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP 1TCVQTKCPGT2TKGUVGT 6JGQNQIGP WPF 2JKNQUQRJGP   0KEQNCU /CNGDTCPEJG   IGJÌTV \WO -QORNGZ FGU -QNNGIU XQP ,WKNN[ IGNGIGP KP FGT INGKEJPCOKIGP   )GOGKPFG KO &¾RCTVGOGPV 5GKPGGV/CTPG KP FGT 0·JG XQP 2CTKU GKPGO FGT DGFGWVGPFUVGP MCVJQNKUEJGP   'T\KGJWPIUGKPTKEJVWPIGP(TCPMTGKEJU

597 600 598

599



8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG FGU I[RVKUEJGP +PUVKVWVU =/¾FCKNNG FG N +PUVKVWV F 'I[RVG? 5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG   5KNDGTCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPFOKV5VGTP#WHNCIGKO'VWKFGT(KTOC#TVJWU$GTVTCPFKP2CTKU 4++





'JTGP\GKEJGPFGT'WTQR·KUEJGP#MCFGOKGFGT-ÒPUVG=&¾EQTCVKQPFGN #ECF¾OKG'WTQR¾GPPGFGU #TVU?-QOOCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCODGUVKEMVGP*CNUDCPF 4++





'JTGP\GKEJGPFGT#MCFGOKGFGT0CVKQPCNGP'TIGDGPJGKV=&¾EQTCVKQPFGN #ECF¾OKGFW&¾XQWGOGPV 0CVKQPCN?-QOOCPFGWTMTGW\$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVQDGTHN·EJNKEJG'OCKNNGEJKRUKO4GXGTU- OGFCKNNQPQJPG*CNUDCPF ++



'JTGP\GKEJGP FGT #MCFGOKG FGT0CVKQPCNGP5GNDUVNQUKIMGKV=&¾EQTCVKQPFGN #ECF¾OKGFW&¾XQWG- OGPV 0CVKQPCN? 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\ $TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTV'OCKNNGEJKRKPGKPGO-TGW\CTOCO $TWUVDCPFOKVCWHIGNGIVGT4QUGVVG +++++





154


FRANKREICH

ex 603 601







604

602

'JTGP\GKEJGP\WO'JTGP&KRNQOFGU/WUGWOUFGT#TDGKVWPFFGT/WVWCNKV·V=&¾EQTCVKQPFW&KR- NÊOGF JQPPGWTFW/WU¾GFW6TCXCKNGVFGNC/WVWCNKV¾¯2CTKU?$TQP\GGOCKNNKGTV'OCKNNGEJKRUKO /GFCKNNQPCO$CPF ++



'JTGP\GKEJGP FGT #MCFGOKG FGT /KPPGU·PIGT WPF 6TQWDCFQWTG (TCPMTGKEJ =&¾EQTCVKQP FG   N #ECF¾OKG FGU 6TQWX½TGU GV 6TQWDCFQWTU FG (TCPEG? 1HHK\KGTUFGMQTCVKQP $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF   GOCKNNKGTVCO$TWUVDCPFOKVCWHIGNGIVGT4QUGVVG ++



-QPXQNWV XQP EC  #WU\GKEJPWPIGP WPF /GFCKNNGP XQP #MCFGOKGP 5EJWNGP YKUUGPUEJCHVNKEJGP   8GTGKPKIWPIGP WPF -QOOWPGP 8GTUEJKGFGPG /GVCNNG VGKNU XGTIQNFGV VGKNU XGTUKNDGTV CP $TWUVD·P   FGTPKPFWTEJYGIUIWVGP'TJCNVWPIGP ++



#7556'..70)5#75<'+%*070)'070&24'+5' 

2TGKU&GMQTCVKQPFGT7PKXGTUCN#WUUVGNNWPIXQP/CTUGKNNG=2TKZFGN 'ZRQUKVKQP7PKXGTUGNNGGV %QPEQWTU ¯ /CTUGKNNG ? 5KNDGT $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF KO   QTKIKPCNGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK ++

605

606



607 608



2TGKU&GMQTCVKQP FGT +PVGTPCVKQPCNGP #WUUVGNNWPI XQP 2CTKU  =2TKZ FG N 'ZRQUKVKQP+PVGTPCVKQ- PCNG¯2CTKU?$TQP\GGOCKNNKGTV'OCKNNGCWUDTÒEJGQJPG$CPF +++++





2TGKU&GMQTCVKQPGKPGT+PVGTPCVKQPCNGP)GUWPFJGKVU#WUUVGNNWPI=2TKZF WPG'ZRQUKVKQP+PVGTPCVKQ- PCNGFGNC5CPV¾?$TQP\GXGTUKNDGTVVNYXGTIQNFGVGOCKNNKGTV'OCKNNGEJKRUCO$CPF ++





2TGKU&GMQTCVKQP FGT +PVGTPCVKQPCNGP 4QV-TGW\#WUUVGNNWPI XQP $TKXG  =2TKZ FG N 'ZRQUKVKQP   +PVGTPCVKQPCNGFGNC%TQKZ4QWIGFG$TKXGGP?$TQP\GDTKNNCPVKGTVWPFXGTIQNFGVCO$CPF 4++





2TGKU&GMQTCVKQPFGT0CVKQPCNGP#WUUVGNNWPIXQP/CTUGKNNG=2TKZFGN 'ZRQUKVKQP0CVKQPCNG¯ /CTUGKNNG?$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVQJPG$CPF ++

 155


FRANKREICH

609 610

611



2TGKU&GMQTCVKQPFGT0CVKQPCNGP#WUUVGNNWPIXQP2CTKU=2TKZFGN 'ZRQUKVKQP0CVKQPCNG¯2CTKU ?$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCO$CPF ++





2TGKU&GMQTCVKQPFGT0CVKQPCNGP#WUUVGNNWPIXQP/GV\=2TKZFGN 'ZRQUKVKQP0CVKQPCNG¯/GV\ ?$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVOKP'OCKNNGEJKRUCO$CPF ++





2TGKU&GMQTCVKQPFGT0CVKQPCNGP#WUUVGNNWPIXQP2CTKU=2TKZFGN 'ZRQUKVKQP0CVKQPCNG¯2CTKU ?$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVQJPG$CPF ++



612



613

614

615

2TGKU&GMQTCVKQPFGT0CVKQPCNGP#TDGKVU#WUUVGNNWPIXQP2CTKU=2TKZFGN 'ZRQUKVKQP0CVKQPCNG FW 6TCXCKN ¯ 2CTKU ? $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV OKV TÒEMUGKVKIGT 9KFOWPIUITCXWT   8&10<'.162'44'0647;CO$TWUVDCPFOKVCWHIGNGIVGT4QUGVVG ++





2TGKU&GMQTCVKQPFGT0CVKQPCNGP#TDGKVU#WUUVGNNWPIXQP$QTFGCWZ=2TKZFGN 'ZRQUKVKQP0CVK- QPCNGFW6TCXCKN¯$QTFGCWZ?$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCO$CPF ++





2TGKU&GMQTCVKQP GKPGT #TDGKVU#WUUVGNNWPI KP $TGUV =2TKZ F WPG 'ZRQUKVKQP FW 6TCXCKN ¯ $TGUV?   $TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVHGKPG'OCKNNGOCNGTGKCP&COGPUEJNGKHG ++





2TGKU&GMQTCVKQP FGT #TDGKVU#WUUVGNNWPI XQP 2CTKU  =2TKZ FG N 'ZRQUKVKQP FW 6TCXCKN ¯2CTKU ?/GUUKPIXGTIQNFGVWPFVNYGOCKNNKGTV'OCKNNGCDRNCV\WPIGPªDGTJÌJWPIHGJNVQJPG$CPF +8



156


FRANKREICH

616

617

618



2TGKU&GMQTCVKQP FGT #WUUVGNNWPI XQP $QTFGCWZ  =2TKZ FG N 'ZRQUKVKQP ¯ $QTFGCWZ ?   $TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCO$CPF ++





2TGKU&GMQTCVKQP FGT #WUUVGNNWPI XQP $QTFGCWZ  =2TKZ FG N 'ZRQUKVKQP ¯ $QTFGCWZ ?   $TQP\GXGTUKNDGTVVNYXGTIQNFGVGOCKNNKGTVCO$CPF ++





2TGKU&GMQTCVKQPFGT&KTGMVKQPGKPGT#WUUVGNNWPI=2TKZFG&KTGEVKQPF WPG'ZRQUKVKQP?$TQP\GXGT- IQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTV'OCKNNGEJKRUCO$CPF ++



619

620

621

(4#0<¤5+5%*'25'7&1&;0#56+5%*'14&'0 

/GNWUKPGP1TFGP =1TFTG FG /¾NWUKPG? 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\ 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV #WHNCIGP VNY )QNF   GOCKNNKGTVCO$TWUVDCPFOKVCWHIGNGIVGT4QUGVVGKOCNVGP'VWK005HH10 ++



&GTWTURTÒPINKEJG1TFGPYWTFGYQJNXQP5KD[NNC-ÌPKIKPXQP,GTWUCNGO  )GOCJNKPXQP)W[FG .WUKIPCP  -ÌPKIXQP,GTWUCNGOWPFUR·VGT-ÌPKIXQP<[RGTPIGUVKHVGVIKPICDGTYQJNDCNFPCEJFGO 6QFUGKPGT5VKHVGTKPWPVGT  %CNHC-CPVCTQINQW  GKP6ÒTMGJCVVGXQPGKPGO#DGPVGWTGTKP5CPMV2GVGTUDWTIPCOGPU6GVTWC2GNGPFT[ FKG6KVGNFGTGTNQUEJGPGP(COKNKG.WUKIPCPIGMCWHV'TPCPPVGUKEJHQTVCP)W[FG.WUKIPCP-ÌPKINKEJGT2TKP\ XQP ,GTWUCNGO <[RGTP WPF #TOGPKGP 5GKPG )GOCJNKP /CTKG.QWKUG,QUGRJKPG FG .WUKIPCP IGD   UEJGKPV   FGP 1TFGP CNU FGUUGP )TQ­OGKUVGTKP WO  KP \YGK -NCUUGP -QOOCPFGWT WPF 4KVVGT  YKGFGT DGNGDV WPF DKU   XGTNKGJGP\WJCDGPUGKPG5VCVWVGPYWTFGPKP2CTKUIGFTWEMV

0+%*6+&'06+(+<+'46'(4#0<¤5+5%*')'5'..5%*#(6514&'070&  #75<'+%*070)'0 

0KEJV KFGPVKHK\KGTVGT )GUGNNUEJCHVUQTFGP 1HHK\KGTUFGMQTCVKQP $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO   QTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPFOKVCWHIGNGIVGT4QUGVVG ++





0KEJV KFGPVKHK\KGTVGT )GUGNNUEJCHVUQTFGP -QOOCPFGWTMTGW\ $TQP\G VNY XGTUKNDGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV   WPFGOCKNNKGTVCWHFGO$CPFTKPI*GTUVGNNGTRWP\GFGT(KTOC%JQDKNNQPKP2CTKUCOQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPF ++

 157


FRANKREICH

622

623

627 (1:2)



'JTGP\GKEJGP GKPGT PKEJV KFGPVKHK\KGTVGP $NKPFGPJKNHG1TICPKUCVKQP $TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTV CP6TCIGTCJGQJPG$CPF ++





$TWUVUVGTPGKPGTPKEJVKFGPVKHK\KGTVGP#WU\GKEJPWPI $TQP\GXGTUKNDGTVVNYXGTIQNFGVCP0CFGNWPF OKV6TCIGTKPI ++





-QPHGMVKQPKGTVGU WPIGVTCIGPGU 5EJWNVGTDCPF GKPGU PKEJV KFGPVKHK\KGTVGP )GUGNNUEJCHVUQTFGPU +P FGP   (CTDGP XQPCW­GPPCEJKPPGP ITÒPTQVYGK­DNCWIGNDDNCWWPFUEJYCT\ ++





-QPHGMVKQPKGTVGU WPIGVTCIGPGU 5EJWNVGTDCPF GKPGU PKEJV KFGPVKHK\KGTVGP )GUGNNUEJCHVUQTFGPU +P FGP   (CTDGP XQPCW­GPPCEJKPPGP ITÒPTQVYGK­TQVWPFITÒP ++





-QPXQNWV XQP EC  CNNIGOGKPGP WPF PKEJV KFGPVKHK\KGTDCTGP )GUGNNUEJCHVUQTFGP 'JTGP\GKEJGP   WPF /GFCKNNGP8GTUEJKGFGPG/GVCNNGVGKNUXGTIQNFGVVGKNUXGTUKNDGTVVGKNUGOCKNNKGTVITÌ­VGPVGKNUCP $TWUVD·PFGTPKPUGJTWPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP'TJCNVWPIGP 5VÒEM+++++++++++8



-NGKPG5COONWPIXQPEC)GUGNNUEJCHVU/GFCKNNGPWPF#D\GKEJGPKO2T·UGPVCVKQPUGVWKVNYKP /GVCNN VGKNU XGTIQNFGV VGKNU XGTUKNDGTV VGKNU GOCKNNKGTV CP QFGT CWU $·PFGTP FKGUG VGKNU DGFTWEMV WPF   VGKNUDGUVKEMVOKV$GHGUVKIWPIGP5EJCTPKGTGFGU'VWKUDGUEJ·FKIV 5VÒEM++





158


FRANKREICH

628

/+0+#674'0/+0+#674'052#0)'070&-'66%*'0 

/KPKCVWTGPMGVVEJGP GKPGU 8GVGTCPGP FGU 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIU OKV UKGDGP #WU\GKEJPWPIUOKPKCVWTGP      'JTGPNGIKQP 4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP   -TKGIUMTGW\    -QODCVVCPVGPMTGW\   +PVGTCNNKKGTVG   5KGIGUOGFCKNNG    1TFGP HÃ&#x2019;T *CPFGNUXGTFKGPUVG 1HHK\KGTUFGMQTCVKQP   5KNDGTPG #MCFGOKUEJG   2CNOGP 6WPGUKGP1TFGPFGU4WJOGU-NCUUG#P\YGK0CFGNP 5VÃ&#x2019;EM++



629



/KPKCVWTGPMGVVEJGP GKPGU 8GVGTCPGP FGU 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIU OKV PGWP #WU\GKEJPWPIUOKPKCVWTGP     'JTGPNGIKQP4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP -TKGIUMTGW\ -QODCVVCPVGPMTGW\ +PVGTCNNKKGTVG5KGIGU OGFCKNNG    -TKGIUGTKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG    $TQP\GPGU 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ HÃ&#x2019;T HTGKYKNNKIGP   /KNKV·TFKGPUV 'JTGP\GKEJGPHÃ&#x2019;TOKNKV·TKUEJG8GTYWPFGVG 5KNDGTPG#MCFGOKUEJG2CNOGP 6WPG UKGP1TFGPFGU4WJOGU-NCUUG#P\YGK0CFGNP ++

630







631

/KPKCVWTGPUEJPCNNG GKPGU 8GVGTCPGP FGU 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIU OKV HÃ&#x2019;PH #WU\GKEJPWPIUOKPKCVWTGP     -TKGIUMTGW\ /GFCKNNGHÃ&#x2019;T8GTUEJNGRRVG -QODCVVCPVGPMTGW\ -TKGIUGTKPPGTWPIUOG- FCKNNG +PVGTCNNKKGTVG5KGIGUOGFCKNNG#P0CFGN 5VÃ&#x2019;EM++



/KPKCVWTGPUEJPCNNG GKPGU 8GVGTCPGP FGU 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIU OKV HÃ&#x2019;PH #WU\GKEJPWPIUOKPKCVWTGP     'JTGPNGIKQP4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP -TKGIUMTGW\ -QODCVVCPVGPMTGW\ $TQP\GPGU8GT- FKGPUVMTGW\HÃ&#x2019;THTGKYKNNKIGP/KNKV·TFKGPUV 'JTGP\GKEJGPHÃ&#x2019;TOKNKV·TKUEJG8GTYWPFGVG#P0CFGN  5VÃ&#x2019;EM++

 159


FRANKREICH

632





/KPKCVWTGPUEJPCNNG GKPGU 8GTFWP WPF#TTCU8GVGTCPGPFGU'TUVGP9GNVMTKGIUOKVHÃ&#x2019;PH#WU\GKEJ- PWPIUOKPKCVWTGP   'JTGPNGIKQP 4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP   /KNKV·TOGFCKNNG   -TKGIUMTGW\      8GTFWP/GFCKNNG #TTCU/GFCKNNG#P0CFGN ++



/KPKCVWTGPUEJPCNNG GKPGU 8GVGTCPGP FGU 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIU WPF -QNQPKCN8GVGTCPGP OKV XKGT XQP    WTURTÃ&#x2019;PINKEJ HÃ&#x2019;PH #WU\GKEJPWPIUOKPKCVWTGP   -TKGIUGTKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG    +PVGT   CNNKKGTVG 5KGIGUOGFCKNNG    5KNDGTPG #MCFGOKUEJG 2CNOGP   -QNQPKCNOGFCKNNG   (GJNV   5VÃ&#x2019;EM++



634





633

635

/KPKCVWTGPMGVVEJGP GKPGU 8GVGTCPGP FGU <YGKVGP 9GNVMTKGIU OKV XKGT #WU\GKEJPWPIUOKPKCVWTGP     -TKGIUMTGW\ /GFCKNNGHÃ&#x2019;T(TGKYKNNKIG -TGW\HÃ&#x2019;T-TKGIUHTGKYKNNKIG -TKGIU GTKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG#P\YGK0CFGNP 5VÃ&#x2019;EM++



/KPKCVWTGPUEJPCNNGOKVCEJV#WU\GKEJPWPIUOKPKCVWTGP8QPQHHK\KGNNGPJCNDQHHK\KGNNGPWPFKPQHHK\KGN- NGP'JTGP\GKEJGP#P0CFGN 5VÃ&#x2019;EM++



637 636



/KPKCVWTGPUEJPCNNG OKV UGEJU XQP WTURTÃ&#x2019;PINKEJ UKGDGP #WU\GKEJPWPIUOKPKCVWTGP 8QP QHHK\KGNNGP   JCNDQHHK\KGNNGPWPFKPQHHK\KGNNGP'JTGP\GKEJGP#P0CFGN 5VÃ&#x2019;EM++





/KPKCVWTGPUEJPCNNGOKVHÃ&#x2019;PH#WU\GKEJPWPIUOKPKCVWTGP8QPQHHK\KGNNGPJCNDQHHK\KGNNGPWPFKPQHHK\KGN- NGP'JTGP\GKEJGP#P0CFGN 5VÃ&#x2019;EM++



160


FRANKREICH

ex 638 ex 639

ex 640









-QPXQNWV XQP EC  /KPKCVWTGP XQP QHHK\KGNNGP HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP XQP FGT   4GUVCWTCVKQP   ÒDGT FCU <YGKVG -CKUGTTGKEJ   DKU \WT 8KGTVGP 4GRWDNKM FCTWPVGT OGJTGTG   5GNVGPJGKVGP<$&CJQOG[/GFCKNNGGOCKNNKGTVGU-TGW\HÒT*KNHGHÒTOKNKV·TKUEJG8GTYWPFGVGOGJ TGTG OKPKUVGTKGNNG 1TFGP XGTUEJKGFGPG /GVCNNG CWEJ )QNF WPF 5KNDGT VGKNU XGTIQNFGV VGKNU XGTUKNDGTV   VGKNU GOCKNNKGTV \YGKOKV&KCOCPVTQUGPDGUGV\VXQTYKGIGPFCPMQTTGMVGP1TKIKPCND·PFEJGPGKPKIGOKV CWHIGNGIVGP4QUGVVGPQFGT$CPFURCPIGPGKPGKO.GFGTGVWKKPWPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGPLGFQEJXQTYKGIGPFKP IWVGP'TJCNVWPIGP 5VÒEM+++++++++++8



-QPXQNWVXQP/KPKCVWTGPXQPXGTUEJKGFGPGP-QNQPKCNQTFGPWPF#WU\GKEJPWPIGP8GTUEJKGFGPG /GVCNNG CWEJ 5KNDGT VGKNU XGTIQNFGV VGKNU XGTUKNDGTV VGKNU GOCKNNKGTV CP MQTTGMVGP 1TKIKPCND·PFEJGP   PGWPOKVCWHIGNGIVGP4QUGVVGPKPÒDGTYKGIGPFIWVGP'TJCNVWPIGP 5VÒEM+++++++



-QPXQNWV XQP EC  /KPKCVWTGP XQP OKNKV·TKUEJGP WPF \KXKNGP )GUGNNUEJCHVU1TFGP  #WU\GKEJ    WPIGP WPF /GFCKNNGP 8GTUEJKGFGPG /GVCNNG VGKNU XGTIQNFGV VGKNU XGTUKNDGTV VGKNU GOCKNNKGTV XQTYKG   IGPF CP $·PFEJGP \CJNTGKEJG OKV CWHIGNGIVGP 4QUGVVGP CEJV CP GKPGO /KPKCVWTGPMGVVEJGP KP XQT   YKGIGPFUGJTIWVGP'TJCNVWPIGP 5VÒEM++++++++++



-QPXQNWV XQP ÒDGT  +PVGTKOURCPIGP HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT QHHK\KGNNGT WPF KPQHHK\KGNNGT #WU\GKEJPWPIGP   <CJNTGKEJG&WRNKMCVG\CJNTGKEJGOKVCWHIGNGIVGP4QUGVVGPWPFQFGT/GVCNNCWHNCIGPCP0CFGNP  5VÒEM++



642 643

#$<'+%*'0 

&GMQTCVKQP HÒT 5GPCVQTGP FGT 4GRWDNKM =&¾EQTCVKQP FGU 5¾PCVGWTU? )TQ­G #WUHÒJTWPI FGT&TKVVGP 4GRWDNKM  $TQP\GXGTUKNDGTVVNYXGTIQNFGVVNYGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP5EJWNVGTDCPFKO UR·VGTGP'VWKFGT/ÒP\GXQP2CTKU5'05H6CH   ++



&KG &GMQTCVKQP YWTFG FWTEJ 5GPCVUDGUEJNW­ XQO  /CK  IGUVKHVGV WPF FWTEJ $GUEJNW­ XQO  /·T\    YWTFGFCU5EJWNVGTDCPFJKP\WIGHÒIV



#D\GKEJGP HÒT /KVINKGFGT FGU )GPGTCN4CVGU FGU &¾RCTVGOGPVU 5GKPG =+PUKIPG FG OGODTG FG   %QPUGKN )¾P¾TCN FW &¾RCTVGOGPV 5GKPG? 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV HGKPG 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK   CWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPIFGT(KTOC%JQDKNNQPKP2CTKU-NCOOGTCDIGDTQEJGP +++8



&CU CNVG &¾RCTVGOGPV 5GKPG OKV FGT HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP *CWRVUVCFV 2CTKU YWTFG  GTTKEJVGV WPF \WO  ,CPWCT CWHIGJQDGP

161


FRANKREICH

644



645

647

646

#D\GKEJGPHÒT/KVINKGFGTFGU)GPGTCN4CVGUFGU&¾RCTVGOGPVU*CWVG.QKTG=+PUKIPGFGOGODTGFG %QPUGKN)¾P¾TCNFW&¾RCTVGOGPV*CWVG.QKTG?5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCP-NCOOGT ++



&CU &¾RCTVGOGPV *CWVG .QKTG OKV FGO *CWRVQTV .G 2W[GP8GNC[ NKGIV KP FGT 4GIKQP #WXGTIPG KO 5ÒFGP   (TCPMTGKEJU



#D\GKEJGP HÒT /KVINKGFGT FGU )GPGTCN4CVGU FGU &¾RCTVGOGPVU 8CWENWUG =+PUKIPG FG OGODTG FG   %QPUGKN )¾P¾TCN FW &¾RCTVGOGPV 8CWENWUG? $TQP\G XGTUKNDGTV WPF VNY GOCKNNKGTV 'OCKNNG   CDRNCV\WPIGPCP-NCOOGT +++



&CU&¾RCTVGOGPV8CWENWUGOKVFGT*CWRVUVCFV#XKIPQPNKGIVKPFGT4GIKQP2TQXGPEG#NRGU%ÊVGF #\WTKO5ÒFGP (TCPMTGKEJU



$ÒTIGTOGKUVGT#D\GKEJGP FGU +8 #TTQPFKUUGOGPVU XQP 2CTKU =+PUKIPG FG /CKTG FW +8K½OG   #TTQPFKUUGOGPV FG 2CTKU? 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV /GFCKNNQP )QNF GOCKNNKGTV HGKPUVG 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK   -NCOOGTCDIGDTQEJGP 44+++8



&CU+8#TTQPFKUUGOGPVFGT5VCFV2CTKUWOHC­VWCFKG5GKPG+PUGNOKVFGT-CVJGFTCNG0QVTG&COG



#D\GKEJGP HÒT /KVINKGFGT FGU )GOGKPFGTCVGU XQP /QPVTGWKN =+PUKIPG FG OGODTG FW %QPUGKN   /WPKEKRCNFG/QPVTGWKN?5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCP-NCOOGTFKGUGOKV*GTUVGNNGTRWP\GFGT (KTOC%JQDKNNQPKP2CTKU ++



/QPVTGWKNKUVFGT0COGOGJTGTGT)GOGKPFGPKP(TCPMTGKEJ

651 648



649

650

#D\GKEJGPHÒT/KVINKGFGTFGU)GOGKPFGTCVGUXQP/GCWZ=+PUKIPGFGOGODTGFW%QPUGKN/WPKEKRCN FG/GCWZ?5KNDGTVNYXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCP-NCOOGTFKGUGOKV'KPRT·IWPI&'215''2 ++



/GCWZKUVGKPG5VCFVKPFGT0·JGXQP2CTKUKO&¾RCTVGOGPVU5GKPGGV/CTPGKPFGT4GIKQPœNGFG(TCPEG



#D\GKEJGP HÒT /KVINKGFGT FGU )GOGKPFGTCVGU XQP .C *C[G/CNJGTDG =+PUKIPG FG OGODTG FW   %QPUGKN/WPKEKRCNFG.C*C[G/CNJGTDG?5KNDGTVNYXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCP-NCOOGT 4++



.C *C[G/CNJGTDG KUV GKPG )GOGKPFG OKV FGT\GKV     'KPYQJPGTP  KO #TTQPFKUUGOGPV 'XTGWZ FGU   &¾RCTVGOGPVU'WTGKPFGT4GIKQP1DGTG0QTOCPFKGKO0QTFYGUVGP(TCPMTGKEJU



#D\GKEJGPHÒT/KVINKGFGTFGU)GOGKPFGTCVGUXQP0GXGTU=+PUKIPGFGOGODTGFW%QPUGKN/WPKEKRCN FG 0GXGTU? $TQP\G VNY XGTIQNFGV XGTUKNDGTV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CP -NCOOGT FKGUG OKV 'KPRT·IWPI   #&'5#+&' ++



0GXGTUKUVGKPG5VCFVKO&¾RCTVGOGPU0K½XTGKPFGT4GIKQP$WTIWPFKO1UVGP(TCPMTGKEJU



#D\GKEJGP HÒT /KVINKGFGT FGU )GOGKPFGTCVGU XQP /GTNGDCEJ =+PUKIPG FG OGODTG FW %QPUGKN   /WPKEKRCNFG/GTNGDCEJ?5KNDGTVNYXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCP-NCOOGT ++ (TG[OKPI/GTNGDCEJ KUV GKPG -NGKPUVCFV KO #TTQPFKUUGOGPV (QTDCEJ FGU &¾RCTVGOGPVU /QUGNNG KP FGT 4GIKQP   .QVJTKPIGPKO0QTFQUVGP(TCPMTGKEJU

162




FRANKREICH

653

652



654

655

#D\GKEJGP HÒT /KVINKGFGT FGU )GOGKPFGTCVGU XQP 5CKPV .GW .C (QT¿V =+PUKIPG FG OGODTG FW   %QPUGKN/WPKEKRCNFG5CKPV.GW.C(QT¿V?$TQP\GVNYGOCKNNKGTVCP-NCOOGT ++



5CKPV.GW.C(QT¿VKUVGKPG5VCFVKPFGT0·JGXQP2CTKUKO#TTQPFKUUGOGPV2QPVQKUGFGU&¾RCTVGOGPVU8CNF 1KUGKP FGT4GIKQPœNGFG(TCPEG



#D\GKEJGP HÒT /KVINKGFGT FGU )GOGKPFGTCVGU XQP 6QWTEQKPI =+PUKIPG FG OGODTG FW %QPUGKN   /WPKEKRCN FG 6QWTEQKPI? $TQP\G VNY XGTIQNFGV XGTUKNDGTV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CP -NCOOGT FKGUG OKV   )TCXWT.'/'&#+..+'4 ++



6QWTEQKPI KUV GKPG 5VCFV KO #TTQPFKUUGOGPV .KNNG FGU &¾RCTVGOGPVU 0QTF KP FGT 4GIKQP 0QTF2CUFG%CNCKU KO   0QTFGP(TCPMTGKEJU



#D\GKEJGPHÒT/KVINKGFGTFGU)GOGKPFGTCVGUXQP.[QP=+PUKIPGFGOGODTGFW%QPUGKN/WPKEKRCN FG.[QP?5KNDGTVNYXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCP-NCOOGTFKGUGOKV)TCXWT/$4701& ++



.[QPKUVGKPG)TQ­UVCFVKO&¾RCTVGOGPV4JÊPGKPFGT4GIKQP4JÊPG#NRGUKO1UVGP(TCPMTGKEJU



#D\GKEJGP HÒT /KVINKGFGT FGU )GOGKPFGTCVGU XQP .GXCNNQKU2GTTGV =+PUKIPGFGOGODTGFW%QPUGKN /WPKEKRCN FG .GXCNNQKU2GTTGV? 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGT   DG\GKEJPWPIFGT(KTOC%JQDKNNQPKP2CTKUCP-NCOOGT ++



.GXCNNQKU2GTTGVKUVGKPG5VCFVKPFGT0·JGXQP2CTKUKO#TTQPFKUUGOGPV0CPVGTTGFGU&¾RCTVGOGPVU*CWVUFG5GKPG KPFGT4GIKQPœNGFG(TCPEG

656



659 657

660

658

#D\GKEJGPHÒT/KVINKGFGTFGU)GOGKPFGTCVGUXQP%QTDGKN=+PUKIPGFGOGODTGFW%QPUGKN/WPKEKRCN FG%QTDGKN?5KNDGTVNYXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCP-NCOOGT 44++



%QTDGKN KUV GKPG )GOGKPFG OKV FGT\GKV    PWT  'KPYQJPGTP  KO #TTQPFKUUGOGPV 8KVT[NG(TCP¼QKU FGU   &¾RCTVGOGPVU/CTPGKPFGT4GIKQP%JCORCIPG#TFGPPGKO0QTFQUVGP(TCPMTGKEJU



#D\GKEJGPHÒT/KVINKGFGTFGU)GOGKPFGTCVGUXQP%GTI[=+PUKIPGFGOGODTGFW%QPUGKN/WPKEKRCN FG%GTI[?$TQP\GXGTUKNDGTVVNYXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCP-NCOOGT ++



%GTI[KUVGKPG5VCFVKPFGT0·JGXQP2CTKUKO#TTQPFKUUGOGPV2QPVQKUGFGU&¾RCTVGOGPVU8CNF 1KUGKPFGT4GIKQP œNGFG(TCPEG



#D\GKEJGP HÒT /KVINKGFGT FGU )GOGKPFGTCVGU XQP 4QWDCKZ =+PUKIPG FG OGODTG FW %QPUGKN   /WPKEKRCNFG4QWDCKZ?5KNDGTVNYXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTV'OCKNNGCWUDTÒEJGCP-NCOOGTFKGUGOKV *GTUVGNNGTRWP\GWPFHTCP\ÌUKUEJGT)CTCPVKGRWP\GUGKVHÒTGT5KNDGT 'DGTMQRHRWP\G  +++



4QWDCKZ KUV GKPG 5VCFV KO #TTQPFKUUGOGPV .KNNG FGU &¾RCTVGOGPVU 0QTF KP FGT 4GIKQP 0QTF2CUFG%CNCKU KO   0QTFGP(TCPMTGKEJU





#NNIGOGKPGU #D\GKEJGP HÒT /KVINKGFGT FGU )GOGKPFGTCVGU =+PUKIPG I¾P¾TCN FG OGODTG FW %QPUGKN   /WPKEKRCN?$TQP\GVNYGOCKNNKGTVCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPIFGT(KTOC)'/CTFKPK KP2CTKUCP0CFGN ++



0KEJVKFGPVKHK\KGTVGU#D\GKEJGP2'=+PUKIPGKPEQPPW2'?$TQP\GXGTUKNDGTVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCP \YGK&QRRGNURNKPVGP ++

 163


GRIECHENLAND

661

)4+'%*'0.#0&

&4+66'5 -¤0+)4'+%*   

-ÌPKINKEJGT 1TFGP -ÌPKI )GQTIU + =Βασιλικον Ταγμα Αριστειας τον Γεωργιου Α ? )TQ­MQO-   OCPFGWT5GV KP HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT #PHGTVKIWPI DGUVGJGPF CWU -QOOCPFGWTMTGW\ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF   GOCKNNKGTV GKPGT -TGW\CTOURKV\G OKP DGUEJ·FKIV CO VNY CWUIGDNKEJGPGP *CNUDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP   5KNDGT#WHNCIGPXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCP0CFGNOKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGPKOPKEJVMQTTGMVGP 'VWKFGT(KTOC#/CTKG5VWCTVKP2CTKU<- 5VÒEM++



-ÌPKI -QPUVCPVKP + UVKHVGVG FGP HÒPHMNCUUKIGP 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP CO  ,CPWCT  KP 'TKPPGTWPI CP UGKPGP 8CVGT   -ÌPKI )GQTI + /KV 'TTKEJVWPI FGT 4GRWDNKM  YWTFG FGT 1TFGP CWHIGJQDGP  LGFQEJ DGK FGT 9GKFGT   GKPHÒJTWPIFGT/QPCTEJKGYKGFGTGTTKEJVGV'TYWTFGHÒT8GTFKGPUVGKO-CORHHÒTFCU8CVGTNCPF OKV5EJYGTVGTP  QFGTCWHFGO)GDKGVFGTÌHHGPVNKEJGP8GTYCNVWPIFGT.KVGTCVWTWPF-WPUVFGT0CVKQPCNÌMQPQOKGWPF2QNKVKMFGU UQ\KCNGP9KTMGPUWPFFGT9KUUGPUEJCHVXGTNKGJGPYWTFGGTXQPFGT/KNKV·TTGIKGTWPICDIGUEJCHHV

662



2JÌPKZ1TFGP=Ταγμα ΑριστεÃας τον ΦοÃνιχος?/QFGNN QJPG$WEJUVCDGPCWHFGP-TGW\CTOGP    #WUICDG OKV /QPQITCOO XQP -ÌPKI 2CWN CWH FGO 4GXGTUOGFCKNNQP ņ ?   )TQ­MQOOCPFGWT5GV DGUVGJGPF CWU -QOOCPFGWTUMTGW\ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO   QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT #WHNCIGP XGTIQNFGV CP 0CFGN FKGUG OKV *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G   '/' FGT (KTOC $ #PCIPQUVQRQWNQU KP #VJGP WPF HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT 'KPHWJTRWP\G XQP  DKU   

5EJYCPGPRWP\G  OKV \YGK UGKVNKEJGP (KZKGTJCMGP \WUCOOGP OKV -PQRHNQEJTQUGVVG KO QTKIKPCNGP   IQNFGPDGFTWEMVGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWKFGT(KTOC$#PCIPQUVQRQWNQU<- 5VÒEM++ )GUVKHVGVXQPFGTITKGEJKUEJGP4GRWDNKMCO/CKCNUHÒPHMNCUUKIGTCNNIGOGKPGT8GTFKGPUVQTFGPYCTGT\W- P·EJUV#WUN·PFGTPXQTDGJCNVGP0CEJ9KGFGTGKPHÒJTWPIFGT/QPCTEJKGYWTFGGTCO,CPWCTKPGKPGPCWEJ HÒT )TKGEJGP \WI·PINKEJGTGP 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP WOIGHQTOV +P  WPF  CDIG·PFGTVGT (QTO DGUVGJV FGT 1TFGP   PQEJJGWVG

164




GRIECHENLAND

663

8+'46' 4'27$.+- 5'+6  

8GTFKGPUVQTFGP=Ταγμα Αριστειαςτης Τιμης?/QFGNN OKV/GFCKNNQPWOUEJTKHVUGKV )TQ­- MQOOCPFGWT5GV DGUVGJGPF CWU -QOOCPFGWTMTGW\ XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV 'OCKNNGEJKRU CWH FGT   4ÒEMUGKVG CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT   4ÒEMUGKVG GT 5KNDGTRWP\G CP 0CFGN OKV \YGK UGKVNKEJGP (KZKGTJCMGP KO PKEJV MQTTGMVGP 'VWK FGT   (KTOC#/CTKG5VWCTVKP2CTKU<- 5VÒEM++

664



665 664

)4+'%*+5%*146*1&1:'-+4%*' )4+'%*+5%*146*1&1:'52#64+#4%*#6810#.':#0&4+# 

2CVTKCTEJCN1TFGP FGU JN #RQUVGNU /CTMWU )TQ­QHHK\KGTUUGV DGUVGJGPF CWU )TQ­QHHK\KGTUMTGW\   5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF MCNV  GOCKNNKGTV CO *CNUDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF MCNV    GOCKNNKGTVCP0CFGN\WUCOOGPOKV-PQRHNQEJTQUGVVGKOQTKIKPCNGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK 5VÒEM4++



&GT 1TFGP YKTF XQO )TKGEJKUEJ1TVJQFQZGP 2CVTKCTEJGP XQP #NGZCPFTKC KP I[RVGP  WPF ICP\ #HTKMC XGTNKGJGP   FGT\GKV6JGQFQTQU++0KMQNCQU*QTGHVCMKU IGD 

5;4+5%*146*1&1:'52#64+#4%*#6810#06+1%*+# 

1TFGPFGTJN#RQUVGN2GVTWUWPF2CWNWU$TWUVUVGTPXGTUKNDGTVVGKNYGKUGXGTIQNFGVWPFNCEMKGTVOKP 4GRCTCVWTGPCP0CFGN 4++



'ZGORNCTCWUWPUGTGT#WMVKQPCO,WPK-CV0T&KGUGT1TFGPYKTFXQOU[TKUEJQTVJQFQZGP 2CVTKCTEJGPXQP#PVKQEJKCOKV5KV\KP&COCUMWUUGKV+IPCVKWU<CMMC++YCUHÒT8GTFKGPUVGWOFCU2CVTKCTEJCV XGTNKGJGPWPFKUVUGJTUGNVGP\WHKPFGP

165


GROSSBRITANNIEN

666 1:1,5

0+%*6+&'06+(+<+'46')4+'%*+5%*146*1&1:'$+56ª/'4 

1TFGP 7PUGTGT .KGDGP (TCW FGT )QVVGUIGD·JTGTKP -NGKPQF XGTUKNDGTV VGKNYGKUG XGTIQNFGV WPF   NCEMKGTVQJPG$CPF 44++



'ZGORNCTCWUWPUGTGT#WMVKQPCO,WPK-CV0T&KGUGT1TFGPYKTFXQPGKPGOPKEJVKFGPVKHK- \KGTVGPITKGEJKUEJQTVJQFQZGP2CVTKCTEJGPQFGT'T\DKUEJQHFGU0CJGP1UVGPUXGTNKGJGP

'KPGPYGKVGTGPITKGEJKUEJGP1TFGPWPFGKPG8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGHKPFGP5KGKO0CEJNCUU9KNNKCO$CNEM WPVGTFGP.QUPWOOGTPWPF

667 (1:1)

8'4'+0+)6'5-¤0+)4'+%*810)4155$4+6#00+'0 70&014&+4.#0& 

&GT5GJT8QTPGJOG1TFGPXQO*QUGPDCPF=6JG/QUV0QDNG1TFGTQHVJG)CTVGT?&GMQTCVKQPFGU 1TFGPUMCP\NGTU )QNF JQJN IGCTDGKVGV HGKPUV ITCXKGTV WPF GOCKNNKGTV  I OKP 'OCKNNGTGRCTCVWTGP   WPVGTJCNDFGT¤UGKPFGT¤UGOGJTHCEJRWP\KGTVWC90-TQPGWPFHÒTEV)QNFWPF -QRHRWP\GFGT-ÌPKIKP8KMVQTKCQJPGFKGFTGKHCEJG#OVUMGVVG<- 444++ 'KP PCJG\W KFGPVKUEJGU 'ZGORNCT KUV CDIGDKNFGVDGK$GIGPVWPF%JGUUJ[TG KP$')5 &KG#OVUKPUKIPKGPFGT DTKVKUEJGP1TFGPUDGCOVGPKPUDGUQPFGTGFGTFTGKJÌEJUVGP1TFGPUKPFXQP·W­GTUVGT5GNVGPJGKV5GKV'KPTKEJVWPIFGU #OVGU KO ,CJTG  ICD GU NCWV $GIGPV WPF %JGUUJ[TG KP $') 5  DKU  PWT  +PJCDGT FKGUGU #OVGU   YQXQPGUPWTXKGTY·JTGPFFGT4GIKGTWPIU\GKVXQP-ÌPKIKP8KMVQTKCXQPDKUCWUÒDVGP'UJCPFGNVGUKEJ FCDGKWO  

4KEJCTF$CIQVXQPDKU 5COWGN9KNDGTHQTEGXQPDKU ,QJP(KFFGT/CE-CTPGUUXQPDKUWPF 9KNNKCO5VWDDUXQPDKU 

   

#WHITWPF FGT 8KMVQTKC-QRH2WP\G KUV FCXQP CWU\WIGJGP FC­ GKPGT FGT XKGT XQTIGPCPPVGP 2GTUQPGP FCU JKGT   CPIGDQVGPG 'ZGORNCT CNU #OVUFGMQTCVKQP IGVTCIGP JCV YQDGK FKG #PHGTVKIWPIUSWCNKV·V GJGT CWH GKPGP FGT DGKFGP   NGV\VIGPCPPVGPUEJNKG­GPN·­V

166




GROSSBRITANNIEN

669 (1:1) 671 (1:1)

668 (1:1) 670



&GT 5GJT #NVG WPF 5GJT 8QTPGJOG &KUVGNQTFGP =6JG /QUV #PEKGPV CPF /QUV 0QDNG 1TFGT QH VJG   6JKUVNG? 1TFGPUFGMQTCVKQP KP (QTO GKPGU QXCNGP /GFCKNNQPU  Z  OO )QNF JQJN IGCTDGKVGV   VNY HGKPUV ITCXKGTV WPF \KUGNKGTV FKG 8QTFGTUGKVG VNY GOCKNNKGTV  I 5RTÒPIG WPF OKP #DURNKVVG   TWPIGPKPFGT'OCKNNGQJPG$CPFQFGT-GVVG 444++  #PHGTVKIWPIYQJNCWUFGT\YGKVGP*·NHVGFGU,CJJWPFGTVUWPFXQPCNNGTITÌ­VGT5GNVGPJGKV





1D GU UKEJ JKGTDGK CWHITWPF FGT IGTKPIGP )TÌ­G WO GKPG ITÌ­GPTGFW\KGTVG 5EJ·TRGPFGMQTCVKQP JCPFGNV FKG CO   *CNUDCPFQFGTKO-PQRHNQEJIGVTCIGPYWTFGQFGTWOGKPG#OVUFGMQTCVKQPGKPGU1TFGPUDGCOVGPFKGCPGKPGT-GVVG IGVTCIGPYWTFGMQPPVGDKUJGTNGKFGTPKEJVHGUVIGUVGNNVYGTFGP



&GT5GJT'TJCDGPG1TFGPFGUJN2CVTKEM=6JG/QUV+NNWUVTKQWU1TFGTQH5V2CVTKEM?$TWUVUVGTP  Z  OO 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV WPF TGRGTEKGTV /GFCKNNQP )QNF VNY HGKPUV ITCXKGTV GOCKNNKGTV   OKPMCWOUKEJVDCTGTG%JKRUKPFGTITÒPGP'OCKNNGWPFFGTYGK­GP'OCKNNGFGT-TQPGPYÒNUVGCWHFGT 4ÒEMUGKVG*GTUVGNNGTITCXWTFGT(KTOC5VQTT/QTVKOGTKP.QPFQPCPGEJVIQNFGPGT0CFGN$9- /;<- ++ 



&GT5GJT'JTGPYGTVG$CVJ1TFGP=6JG/QUV*QPQWTCDNG1TFGTQHVJG$CVJ?/QFGNN UGKV  OKNKV·TKUEJG#DVGKNWPI-TGW\FGT-QORCIPQPU=%QORCPKQPQHVJG$CVJ%$?#WUHÒJTWPI 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV CO *CNUDCPF  UGKV   5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV VNY \KUGNKGTV GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP NCPIGP   *CNUDCPF$9-<- ++





&GT 5GJT *GTXQTTCIGPFG 1TFGPU FGU +PFKUEJGP 'ORKTGU =6JG /QUV 'OKPGPV 1TFGT QH VJG +PFKCP   'ORKTG?/QFGNN  $TWUVUVGTP\WO)TQ­MTGW\ -PKIJV)TCPF%TQUU)%+' 5KNDGT VNYXGTIQNFGV/GFCKNNQP)QNFVNYGOCKNNKGTVCPGEJVIQNFGPGT0CFGN$9-<- +++  &KG $GNGKJWPI OKV FKGUGT -NCUUG HÒJTVG HÒT $TKVGP +PFGT -CPCFKGT #WUVTCNKGT 0GWUGGN·PFGT GVE FKG8GTNGKJWPI FGURGTUÌPNKEJGP#FGNUFWTEJFKG#WHPCJOGKPFKG4KVVGTUEJCHVOKVUKEJOKVFGO4GEJVFKG#PTGFG5KT\WHÒJTGP

167


GROSSBRITANNIEN

672 (1:1)

673 (1:1)

674 (1:1)



&GT 5GJT *GTXQTTCIGPFG 1TFGP FGU +PFKUEJGP 'ORKTGU =6JG /QUV 'OKPGPV 1TFGT QH VJG +PFKCP   'ORKTG?/QFGNN  $TWUVUVGTP\WO4KVVGT-QOOCPFGWT -PKIJV%QOOCPFGT-%+'  5KNDGT/GFCKNNQP)QNFVNYGOCKNNKGTVCPGEJVIQNFGPGT0CFGN$9-<- +++  &KG $GNGKJWPI OKV FKGUGT -NCUUG HÒJTVG HÒT $TKVGP +PFGT -CPCFKGT #WUVTCNKGT 0GWUGGN·PFGT GVE FKG8GTNGKJWPI FGURGTUÌPNKEJGP#FGNUFWTEJFKG#WHPCJOGKPFKG4KVVGTUEJCHVOKVUKEJOKVFGO4GEJVFKG#PTGFG5KT\WHÒJTGP



&GT5GJT$GFGWVGPFG1TFGPFGU$TKVKUEJGP'ORKTGU=6JG/QUV'ZEGNNGPV1TFGTQHVJG$TKVKUJ'O- RKTG?  /QFGNN OKV $TKVCPPKC KO /GFCKNNQP    $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­MTGW\4KVVGT =-PKIJV   )TCPF %TQUU  )$'? HÒT *GTTGP 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGVGT 0CFGN   /;<- ++  &GT HÒPHMNCUUKIG CNNIGOGKPG 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP YWTFG CO  ,WPK  XQP -ÌPKI )GQTI 8 IGUVKHVGV FKG )GUVCNVWPI   UGKPGT +PUKIPKGP FWTEJ -ÌPKI )GQTI8+GVYCUXGT·PFGTV8QP#PHCPICPYWTFGPCWEJ(TCWGPKPFGP1TFGP CWHIGPQOOGP &KG $GNGKJWPI OKV FGP DGKFGP JÌEJUVGP -NCUUGP HÒJTV JGWVG PWT PQEJ HÒT $TKVGP HTÒJGT CWEJ HÒT   -CPCFKGT #WUVTCNKGT 0GWUGGN·PFGT GVE  FKG 8GTNGKJWPI FGU RGTUÌPNKEJGP #FGNU FWTEJ FKG #WHPCJOG KP FKG   4KVVGTUEJCHV OKV UKEJ OKV FGO 4GEJV FKG #PTGFG 5KT QFGT &COG \W HÒJTGP &GO 1TFGP CHHKNKKGTV KUV FKG   /GFCKNNGFGU$TKVKUEJGP'ORKTGU8INCWEJ)CNNQYC[2GVGT6JG1TFGTQHVJG$TKVKUJ'ORKTG.QPFQP



&GT5GJT$GFGWVGPFG1TFGPFGU$TKVKUEJGP'ORKTGU=6JG/QUV'ZEGNNGPV1TFGTQHVJG$TKVKUJ'O- RKTG?  /QFGNN OKV 2QTVTCKV -ÌPKI )GQTIU 8 WPF -ÌPKIKP /CT[U KO /GFCKNNQP  UGKV     $TWUVUVGTP \WO -QOOCPFGWT4KVVGT =-PKIJV %QOOCPFGT  -$'? 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV WPF TGRGTEKGTV   VNYXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCP0CFGN/;<- ++ &KG$GNGKJWPIOKVFKGUGT-NCUUGHÒJTVPWTPQEJHÒT$TKVGP HTÒJGTCWEJHÒT-CPCFKGT#WUVTCNKGT0GWUGGN·PFGTGVE  FKG8GTNGKJWPIFGURGTUÌPNKEJGP#FGNUFWTEJFKG#WHPCJOGKPFKG4KVVGTUEJCHVOKVUKEJOKVFGO4GEJVFKG#PTGFG 5KT\WHÒJTGP

168




GROSSBRITANNIEN

675 (1:1)



&CU 4KVVGTUEJCHVU#D\GKEJGP =6JG -PKIJV $CEJGNQT U $CFIG?  /QFGNN ITQ­GU 5VGEMCD\GKEJGP     5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVVNYGOCKNNKGTVCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVGOGJTHCEJRWP\KGTVWC*GTUVGNNGTRWP\G ,%FGT(KTOC%QNNKPIYQQFWPF.QPFQPGT5KNDGTRWP\GHÒTCP0CFGN/; ++



'UJCPFGNVUKEJJKGTDGKWOFCU#D\GKEJGPFCUFGTLGPKIGGTJCNVGPJCV D\YGTJ·NV FGTQJPG8GTNGKJWPIGKPGU1TFGPU KPFGPRGTUÌPNKEJGP#FGNUUVCPFFGT4KVVGTUEJCHVGTJQDGPYQTFGPKUVOKVFGO4GEJVFKG#PTGFG5KT\WHÒJTGP

676 (1:1)



-CKUGTNKEJGT 1TFGP FGT -TQPG XQP +PFKGP =+ORGTKCN 1TFGT QH VJG %TQYP QH +PFKC? 1TFGPU   FGMQTCVKQP )QNFVNYGOCKNNKGTVDGUGV\V¯LQWTOKV&KCOCPVGPKP#NVUEJNKHHKPWPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGT )TÌ­G  2GTNGP KP WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP )TÌ­GP WPF  6ÒTMKUGP CP FGT QTKIKPCNGP &COGPUEJNGKHG CP     $TQUEJKGTWPIOKV*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPIFGT(KTOC5RKPM5QPKP.QPFQP$9-/;<-  444++  &GTGKPMNCUUKIG&COGPQTFGPYWTFGCO,CPWCTXQP-ÌPKIKP8KMVQTKC  CWU#PNC­FGUGTUVGP,CJ- TGUVCIGU KJTGT HGKGTNKEJGP 2TQMNCOCVKQP \WT -CKUGTKP XQP +PFKGP Y·JTGPF FGU &GJNK &WTDCTU CO  ,CPWCT    XGTNKGJGP 'T YCT 2TKP\GUUKPPGP FGT MÌPKINKEJGP (COKNKG WPF KPFKUEJGP 2TKP\GUUKPPGP WPF &COGP XQTDGJCNVGP   2TKP\GUUKP'NKUCDGVJFKGUR·VGTG-ÌPKIKP'NKUCDGVJ++ IGD FKGNGV\VGPQEJNGDGPFG6T·IGTKPFGU1TFGPUJCV KJP\WUCOOGPOKV+JTGT5EJYGUVGT2TKP\GUUKP/CTICTGV  XQPKJTGO8CVGT)GQTI8+   FGONGV\VGP-CKUGTXQP+PFKGP DKU#WIWUV XGTNKGJGPDGMQOOGP

169


GROSSBRITANNIEN

677

678

680

679

682 681



&CU)TQ­RTKQTCVFGU5GJT'JTYÒTFKIGP1TFGPUXQO*QURKVCNFGUJN,QJCPPGUXQP,GTWUCNGO=6JG )TCPF2TKQT[QHVJG/QUV8GPGTCDNG1TFGTQHVJG*QURKVCNQH5V,QJPQH,GTWUCNGO? UGKV  /QFGNN QJPG -TQPG  UGKV   5GV FGT )PCFGPTKVVGT =-PKIJVU QH )TCEG?#WUHÒJTWPI UGKV  DGUVGJGPFCWU*CNUMTGW\$TQP\GXGTUKNDGTVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCO*CNUDCPFCDUEJPKVVWPF$TWUVUVGTPITQ­G #WUHÒJTWPI&WTEJOGUUGTOO$TQP\GXGTUKNDGTVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCP0CFGN<-XCTXCT 5VÒEM++

 



1TFGPHÒTCWUIG\GKEJPGVGP&KGPUV=&KUVKPIWKUJGF5GTXKEG1TFGT?/QFGNN OKV/QPQITCOO-ÌPKI )GQTIU 8    5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV /GFCKNNQPU )QNF GOCKNNKGTV CP 4CJGURCPIG OKV $CPFWPF 6TCIGURCPIG/;<- ++





4GKEJU&KGPUV1TFGP =+ORGTKCN 5GTXKEG 1TFGT?  /QFGNN OKV FGO /QPQITCOO )4+ -ÌPKI   )GQTIU 8+  1TFGPUFGMQTCVKQPHÒT*GTTGP5KNDGT)QNFVNYGOCKNNKGTVCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G %Q WPF $KTOKPIJCOGT ,CJTGURWP\G 0 HÒT  CO $CPF $9-  /;   <- ++



/KNKV·TMTGW\ =/KNKVCT[ %TQUU?  #WUICDG OKV FGO /QPQITCOO )4+ -ÌPKI )GQTIU 8+       5KNDGT QJPG ,CJTGU\CJN CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF \WUCOOGP OKV \YGK   +PVGTKOUURCPIGP$9-/; ++





'JTGP\GKEJGPFGT-CPCFKUEJGP5VTGKVMT·HVG=%CPCFKCP(QTEGUFGQETCVKQP?/QFGNN OKVFGO2QT- VTCKV-ÌPKIKP'NKUCDGVJU++UGKV $TQP\GOKV4CPFPCOGP%2.&,#+6-'0COQTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF/;% ++





)QNFGPGU#TOGG-TGW\=#TO[)QNF%TQUU?'KPHCEJG5COONGTCPHGTVKIWPI=UKORNGEQR[?FGU-TGW\GU /GVCNNIW­ XGTIQNFGV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG RWP\KGTV %12; CP $CPFTCJG OKV $CPF $CPFURCPIG   8+6614+#OKV5EJPCNNG ++





*ÒDUEJG 5COONGTCPHGTVKIWPI FKGUGT KO 1TKIKPCN PWT UGJT UEJYGT \W DGUEJCHHGPFGP JÌEJUVGP DTKVKUEJGP   #WU\GKEJPWPIFGT0CRQNGQPKUEJGP-TKGIG

170


INTERNATIONALE/GESELLSCHAFTS-ORDEN

ex 686 684

ex 685

683

687



5EJOWEMCPJ·PIGTCWHFKG'PVGPVG%QTFKCNG\WT7PVGTUVÒV\WPI$GNIKGPUKO,CJTGZOO )QNFGOCKNNKGTVHGKPG'OCKNNGOCNGTGK ++





)TÒPFGT$KLQW FGT ;G %WTHGY .QFIG 0T  5KNDGTVNYGOCKNNKGTVOKP'OCKNNGEJKRUCWHFGT 4ÒEMUGKVG9KFOWPIUITCXWT;'%74('9.1&)'0u24'5'06'&61$TQ4&KTMGT -1/&'%VJCP$CPFTCJGOKV$CPFFKGUGUOKV$CPFURCPIG(170&'4WPFOKV6TCIG- URCPIG ++



'KPGPYGKVGTGPDTKVKUEJGP1TFGPWPF\YGK8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGPHKPFGP5KGKO0CEJNCUU9KNNKCO$CNEM WPVGTFGP.QUWOOGTPDKU

+06'40#6+10#.'70&)'5'..5%*#(6514&'0 25'7&1/#.6'5'414&'0 



5QWXGT·PGT/KNKV·TKUEJGT1TFGPFGUJN,QJCPPGUXQP,GTWUCNGO4KVVGTXQP/CNVC=5QXGTGKIP/KNK- VCT[ 1TFGT QH 5V ,QJP QH ,GTWUCNGO -PKIJVU QH /CNVC? -TGW\ FGT)PCFGPTKVVGT$TQP\GXGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV \WUCOOGP OKV /KPKCVWT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO $·PFEJGP WPF-PQRHNQEJTQUGVVG KOOKVYGK­GP1TFGPUMTGW\DGFTWEMVGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWKFGT(KTOC))WEEKQPGKP4QO&C\WIGHCNVGVGT 1TFGPUYKORGN 5VÒEM++



5QWXGT·PGT/KNKV·TKUEJGT1TFGPFGUJN,QJCPPGUXQP,GTWUCNGO4KVVGTXQP/CNVC=5QXGTGKIP/KNK- VCT[ 1TFGT QH 5V ,QJP QH ,GTWUCNGO -PKIJVU QH /CNVC? -TGW\ FGT)PCFGPTKVVGT$TQP\GXGTIQNFGV WPFGOCKNNKGTV\WUCOOGPOKV/KPKCVWTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCO$·PFEJGPKO8GTNGKJWPIUGVWKFGT (KTOC))WEEKQPGKP4QO&C\WIGHCNVGVGT1TFGPUYKORGN 5VÒEM++



25'7&1&;0#56+5%*'14&'0 

1TFGPFGT#\VGMGPMTQPG-QOOCPFGWTMTGW\$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCO*CNUDCPF

4++



&GT 1TFGP YKTF XQP GKPGO MCKUGTNKEJGP 2TKP\GP )TCW/QEVG\WOC 8GK6KCVQKCPK XQP #PCJWCE XGTNKGJGP FGT   UGKPG #DUVCOOWPI WPF 6JTQPTGEJVG CWH FGP NGV\VGP *GTTUEJGT FGT #\VGMGP /QEVG\WOC ++  :QEQ[QV\KP      \WTÒEMHÒJTV FGT KP(QNIGFGT'TQDGTWPI/GZKEQUFWTEJFGPURCPKUEJGP%QPSWKUVCFQT*GTP±P%QTV¾U    WOIGMQOOGP KUV QFGT GTOQTFGV YWTFG D\Y CWH FGUUGP 6QEJVGT /CTKC :KRCIWC\KP FKG FGP URCPKUEJGP   $CTQP,WCPFG)TCWFG6QNQTÃWIGJGKTCVGVJCV

171


INTERNATIONALE/GESELLSCHAFTS-ORDEN

688

690

689

+06'40#6+10#.'70&)'5'..5%*#(6514&'0706'4-+4%*.+%*'/ 2416'-614#6 





5QWXGT·PGTWPF/KNKV·TKUEJGT1TFGPFGT/KNK\XQO*GKNKIGP)TCDG=1TFTG5QWXGTCKPGV/KNKVCKTG FG NC /KNKEG FW 5CKPV 5GRWNETG? )TQ­QHHK\KGTUUGV DGUVGJGPF CWU )TQ­QHHK\KGTUMTGW\ XGTIQNFGV WPF   GOCKNNKGTV CO *CNUDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP DTKNNCPVKGTV WPF XGTUKNDGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CP   0CFGN 5VÒEM++



5QWXGT·PGTWPF/KNKV·TKUEJGT1TFGPFGT/KNK\XQO*GKNKIGP)TCDG=1TFTG5QWXGTCKPGV/KNKVCKTG FGNC/KNKEGFW5CKPV5GRWNETG?$TWUVUVGTP\WO)TQ­QHHK\KGTDTKNNCPVKGTVWPFXGTUKNDGTVVNYXGTIQNFGV WPFGOCKNNKGTVCP0CFGN ++



/KNKV·TKUEJGT *QURKVCN1TFGP 7PUGTGT .KGDGP (TCW XQP$GVNGJGO -TGW\FGT)PCFGPMQOOCPFGWTG ·NVGTG #PHGTVKIWPI $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF \WUCOOGP OKV -PQRH   NQEJTQUGVVG ++



&GT1TFGPYWTFGXQP2CRUV2KWU++ 2KEEQNQOKPK \WT8GTVGKFKIWPIXQP.GOPQUIGITÒPFGVGTGTNQUEJ 0GWITÒPFWPI FWTEJ 'HVKOKQU ;QWCMKO     ITKGEJKUEJOGNMKVKUEJGT 'T\DKUEJQH XQP <CJNGJ WPF (WT\CN   OKV 5VCVWVGP XQO  WPF  8QO *GKNKIGP 5VWJN WPF FGO *QEJMQOOKUUCT FGU .KDCPQP  CNU   KPQHHK\KGNN GTMN·TV 7O KP FKG NKDCPGUKUEJG MCVJQNKUEJG $KUEJQHUMQPHGTGP\ CWHIGPQOOGP \W YGTFGP XGT\KEJVGVG FGT   'T\DKUEJQHCWHFGP1TFGP&GTUGNDGYWTFGCDGTYGKVGTIGHÒJTVXQP2KGVTQ#OCTQUQ2TKPEKRGFK#OQTKQGFK %CUVGN#NDGTKEQŌWPFCPFGTGPKPFGT9GNVFGTKPQHHK\KGNNGP1TFGPPQVQTKUEJGP2GTUQPGP'TYKTFJGWVGPQEJKOOGT YKGFGT FGO *GKNKIGP 5VWJN \WIGUEJTKGDGP QDYQJN UKEJ FKGUGT YKGFGTJQNVKPFGWVNKEJUVGT(QTOXQPKJOFKUVCP\KGTV JCV 8IN CWEJ )WKIWG FG %JCORXCPU FG (CT¾OQPV /CTSWKU (T¾F¾TKE *KUVQKTG GV .¾IKUNCVKQP FGU 1TFTGU FG   %JGXCNGTKG FW 5CKPV5K½IG 2CTKU  $CPF ++ 5   #PPWCTKQ FGINK KPUKIPKVK FK QPQTKHKEGP\G ECXCNGTGUEJG FGN   4GIPQ Fʼn+VCNKC     4QO  5  FG 8CTICU /CEJWEC # +N UCETQ OKNKVCTG QTFKP 5VÒEMFK 5 /CTKC FK   $GVJNGJGOOG0GCRGN5CPVCTGNNK'PTKEQ$QNNC2QPVKHKEKCGEGPPKUVQTKEKFGNNʼnQTFKPGOKNKVCTGGQURKVCNKGTGFK 5 /CTKC FK $GVNGOOG <CJNG    2CNOKGTK 8KEGP\Q .ʼnQTFKPG OKNKVCTG GF QURKVCNKGTG FK 5 /CTKC FK   $GVJNGJGOOG/CKNCPF$CUECR¾)KCEQOQ%.ʼn1TFKPGUQXTCPQFK/CNVCGINKQTFKPKGSWGUVTKFGNNC%JKGUC /CKNCPF5H2TKXKVGTC8KPEGP\Q1TFKPK%CXCNNGTGUEJK5VQTKCG&GEQTC\KQPK%CVCPKC5HH 

172


INTERNATIONALE/GESELLSCHAFTS-ORDEN

692

691

695 694 693

51056+)'+06'40#6+10#.'70&)'5'..5%*#(6514&'0 



1TFGP FGT -TQPG -CTNU FGU )TQ­GP =1TFQ %QTQPCG %CTQNK /CIPK? )TQ­MTGW\UGV DGUVGJGPF CWU   -NGKPQF $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP 5EJWNVGTDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT VNY   XGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCP0CFGNOKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGP 5VÒEM++



5QWXGT·PGT1TFGPFGT4KVVGTFGUJN&[QPKUKWUXQP<CPVG=1TFTG5QWXGTCKPFGU%JGXCNKGTUFG5V &GPKU FG <CPVG? )TQ­MTGW\UGV #WUHÒJTWPI OKV /GFCKNNQPWOUEJTKHV KP HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT 5RTCEJG DGUVG   JGPF CWU -NGKPQF $TQP\G XGTUKNDGTV WPF VNY GOCKNNKGTV QJPG 5EJWNVGTDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP $TQP\G   XGTUKNDGTVWPFVNYGOCKNNKGTVCP0CFGNOKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGP 5VÒEM++



<WT)GUEJKEJVGFGU1TFGPUXGTIN2TKXKVGTC8KPEGP\Q1TFKPK%CXCNNGTGUEJK5VQTKCG&GEQTC\KQPK%CVCPKC 5HH

0+%*6+&'06+6+<+'46'+06'40#6+10#.'70&)'5'..5%*#(6514&'0 70&14)#0+5#6+10'0 

0KEJVKFGPVKHK\KGTVG&GMQTCVKQP*CNUFGMQTCVKQP$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCO*CNUDCPF

++





0KEJV KFGPVKHK\KGTVGT 1TFGP 2CZ KP +WUVKVKC -NGKPQF $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF VNY GOCKNNKGTV QJPG   5EJWNVGTDCPF 4++





0KEJV KFGPVKHK\KGTVG &GMQTCVKQP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV VNY HGKPUV ITCXKGTV GOCKNNKGTV DGUGV\V OKV )NCU   UVGKPGPQJPG$CPF 4++

 173


ITALIEN

697

698

696

699



0KEJV KFGPVKHK\KGTVGT 1TFGP OKV PCRQN¾QPKUEJGO #FNGT WPF &TCEJGP -QOOCPFGWTMTGW\ XGTIQNFGV   CO*CNUDCPF ++





0KEJVKFGPVKHK\KGTVG&GMQTCVKQP#.8GTIQNFGVXGTIQNFGVVNYGOCKNNKGTVCO$CPF





0KEJVKFGPVKHK\KGTVG&GMQTCVKQP+06'4%.#4+55+/15%.#415$TQP\GXGTUKNDGTVVNYXGTIQN FGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOCNVGPGVYCU\GTUEJNKUUGPGP$CPF ++





1TFGPXQO*GKNKIGP.COO5EJYGTGT$TWUVUVGTP5KNDGTVNYXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVIHGKPUVG 'OCKNNGOCNGTGKCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPIFGT(KTOC5RGPEGTKP.QPFQP$KTOKPIJCOGT ,CJTGURWP\GFHÒTWPF0WOOGTKGTWPI4FCP0CFGN 4++



++

700 (1:1)

+6#.+'0 -¤0+).+%*'(#/+.+'$174$10$'+&'5+<+.+'0 5'+6  

<GKEJGPFGU-ÌPKINKEJGP1TFGPUXQOJN,CPWCTKWU=+PUGIPG4GCNG1TFKPGFK5CP)GPPCTQ?5GVFGT 1TFGPUTKVVGTDGUVGJGPFCWU1TFGPUMTGW\5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVQJPG5EJWNVGTDCPFWPF$TWUV- UVGTP5KNDGTDTKNNCPVKGTVVNYXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCP0CFGN 5VÒEM4++ &GT1TFGPDGUVGJVCWEJPCEJFGO7PVGTICPIFGU-ÌPKITGKEJGU$GKFGT5K\KNKGPDKU\WOJGWVKIGP6CICNUF[PCUVKUEJGT *CWUQTFGPFGTMÌPKINKEJGP(COKNKG'UJCPFGNVUKEJJKGTDGKWOGKPG#PHGTVKIWPI,CJTGPFGT(KTOC)KQTIKQ)WEEKQPG KP4QOCWUFGPGTHÒTFKG(KTOC%TCXCP\QNC0CEJH')CTFKPQKP4QOFGOFCOCNKIGPQHHK\KGNNGP.KGHGTCPVGP FGT1TFGPUKPUKIPKGP

174




ITALIEN

ex 701

-¤0+).+%*'(#/+.+'$174$10$'+&'5+<+.+'0(4#0<¤5+5%*+6#.+'0+5%*' 1$1'&+'0< 5'+6  

*GKNKIGT/KNKV·TKUEJGT-QPUVCPVKPKUEJGT1TFGPXQOJN)GQTI=5CETQ/KNKVCTG1TFKPG%QPUVCPVKPK- CPQ FK 5CP )KQTIKQ? 5GV FGT ,WURCVTQPCVU)PCFGP-QOOCPFGWTG =%QOOGPFCVQTG FK ,WU 2CVTQPCVQ FK   )TC\KC?DGUVGJGPFCWU-QOOCPFGWTMTGW\5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVGGT5KN- DGTRWP\GCO*CNUDCPFWPF$TWUVUVGTP5KNDGTVNYXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG*GTUVGN- NGTDG\GKEJPWPIFGT(KTOC')CTFKPQ5WEE%TCXCP\QNCKP4QOWPFGT5KNDGTRWP\GCP0CFGNWPF ,WU2CVTQPCVU$TWUVMTGW\ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG GT 5KNDGTRWP\G CP   0CFGN\WUCOOGPOKV/KPKCVWT5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCO$·PFEJGPWPF-PQRHNQEJTQUGVVGKO QTKIKPCNGPIQNFHCTDGPDGFTWEMVGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWKXQP)CTFKPQKP4QO52$5 5VÒEM4++



&GT.GIGPFGPCEJIGJVFGT1TFGP\WTÒEMCWHGKPGXQOTÌOKUEJGP-CKUGT-QPUVCPVKPFGP)TQ­GP EC  IGITÒPFGVG/KNK\\WO5EJWV\GFGU.CDCTWOU MCKUGTNKEJG5VCPFCTVGOKVFGO%JTKUVWU/QPQITCOO:2 FKG XQOD[\CPVKPKUEJGP-CKUGT+UCCM++#PIGNWU%QOPGPWU  CNUOKNKV·TKUEJGT1TFGPYKGFGTIGUVKHVGVYQTFGP UGKP UQNN )KCP #PFTGC #PIGNQ (NCXKQ %QOPGPQ *GT\QI XQP &TKXCUVQ FGT UGKPG *GTMWPHV CWH FKG D[\CPVKPKUEJG   &[PCUVKG FGT #PIGNQU %QOPGPQU \WTÒEMHÒJTVG YCU 2CRUV 2CWN +++   DGUV·VKIVG ÒDGTICD  FCU   )TQ­OGKUVGTVWOFGU1TFGPUCP*GT\QI(TCPEGUEQ+(CTPGUG  XQP2CTOCYCUXQP-CKUGT.GQRQNF+

 WPFXQP2CRUV+PPQ\GP\:++  DGUV·VKIVYWTFG  

-CTN8++  -ÌPKI$GKFGT5K\KNKGPÒDGTPCJOFCU)TQ­OGKUVGTVWOFGU1TFGPUPCEJFGO#WUUVGTDGP FGT(CTPGUGKP2CTOCWPFDTCEJVGKJPUQOKVKPUGKP-ÌPKITGKEJYQGTDKU\WFGUUGP'PFGD\YDKU\WT #WHNÌUWPIFGT'ZKNTGIKGTWPIKP4QOCNU1TFGPFGU-ÌPKITGKEJUDGUVCPF  

#WEJFCPCEJDGUVCPFWPFDGUVGJVFGT1TFGPYGKVGTWPVGTFGO)TQ­OGKUVGTVWOFGU1DGTJCWRVUFGT-IN(COKNKGFGT $QWTDQPGP$GKFGT 5K\KNKGP 7PVGT FGO 5EJWV\ FGT 2CRUV 2KWU :   WPF UGKPGT 0CEJHQNIGT DGUVCPF FGT   1TFGPCWEJKO-ÌPKITGKEJ+VCNKGPYGKVGT  

0CEJFGO6QF)TQ­OGKUVGT2TKP\(GTFKPCPFQ2KQU  *GT\QIUXQP-CNCDTKGPGTMN·TVGPUKEJUQYQJNUGKP LÒPIGTGT $TWFGT2TKP\4CPKGTK  *GT\QIXQP%CUVTQCNUCWEJUGKP0GHHG2TKP\#NHQPUQ/CTKC   *GT\QIXQP-CNCDTKGPLGYGKNU\WO1DGTJCWRVFGT-IN(COKNKG$GKFGT5K\KNKGPWPFUQOKVLGYGKNUCWEJ\WO )TQ­OGKUVGTFGU1TFGPUYCUHCMVKUEJFGUUGP5RCNVWPIKP\YGK1DQGFKGP\GP KPFKGHTCP\ÌUKUEJKVCNKGPKUEJGWPFKP FKG URCPKUEJG  DGYKTMVG 2CRUV ,QJCPPGU ::+++   GTMN·TVG PQEJ KO INGKEJGP ,CJT FKG #PURTÒEJG FGU   *GT\QIUXQP%CUVTQCNUNGIKVKOWPFOKV&GMTGVXQO,WNKYWTFGGTXQOKVCNKGPKUEJGP5VCCVURT·UKFGPVGP   CNU NGIKVKOGT 1TFGP FGU -IN *CWUGU FGT $QWTDQPGP$GKFGT 5K\KNKGP WPVGT FGO )TQ­OGKUVGTVWO FGU *GT\QIU XQP   %CUVTQ CPGTMCPPV #NNGTFKPIU DGUV·VKIVGP FCU URCPKUEJG ,WUVK\OKPKUVGTKWO CO  1MVQDGT  FGT URCPKUEJG   5VCCVUTCVCO(GDTWCTWPFUEJNKG­NKEJ-ÌPKI,WCP%CTNQU+XQP5RCPKGPCO/·T\FKG4GEJVO·­KIMGKV FGT #PURTÒEJG XQP 2TKP\ #NHQPUQ *GT\QI XQP -CNCDTKGP D\Y XQP FGUUGP 5QJP 2TKP\ &QP %CTNQU /CTKC IGD    *GT\QIXQP-CNCDTKGPUGKV+PHCPVXQP5RCPKGPCWHFCU)TQ­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

175


ITALIEN

703 702

704

-¤0+)4'+%*   

1TFGP FGT JGKNKIGP /CWTKVKWU WPF .C\CTWU =1TFKPG FGK 5CPVK /CWTK\KQ G .C\CTQ? $TWUVUVGTP \WO   )TQ­MTGW\=)TCP%TQEG?5KNDGTDTKNNCPVKGTV#WHNCIG)QNFGOCKNNKGTVYGK­G'OCKNNGGVYCUXGTUEJOWV\V LGFQEJ WPDGUEJ·FKIV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC & %TCXCP\QNC KP 4QO CP   0CFGNOKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGP<- +++



#O1MVQDGTUVKHVGV#OCFGWU8++CNUGTUVGT*GT\QIXQP5CXQ[GPFGP5V/CWTKVKWU1TFGPFGTUKEJLGFQEJ OKV FGUUGP 6QF YKGFGT CWHNÌUVG 'TUV KO ,CJTG  GPVUEJNKG­V UKEJ *GT\QI 'OOCPWGN2JKNKDGTV \W GKPGT   4GUVCWTKGTWPIFGU1TFGPUCNU*CWUQTFGP&QEJDGTGKVUKOINGKEJGP,CJTXGTGKPKIV2CRUV)TGIQT:+++OKVFGT$WNNG 2TQ EQOOKUUC XQO  0QXGODGT  FGP 1TFGP OKV FGO CNVGP 5V .C\CTWU1TFGP FGU *GKNKIGP .CPFGU   &CFWTEJYKTFFGT%JGHFGU*CWUGU5CXQ[GPCWHGYKI)TQ­OGKUVGTFGU&QRRGN1TFGPUOKVFGT-QPUGSWGP\FC­FGT FGT\GKVKIG %JGH FGU *CWUGU 8KMVQT'OOCPWGN 2TKP\ XQP 0GCRGN DKU KP FKG )GIGPYCTV FGP 1TFGP XGTNGKJV /KV   &GMTGV XQO  &G\GODGT  YCPFGNVG -ÌPKI -CTN #NDGTV XQP 5CTFKPKGP FGP 1TFGP KP GKPGP FTGKMNCUUKIGP   8GTFKGPUVQTFGPWO/KV&GMTGVXQO/·T\YKTFFKG-NCUUGFGT4GEJVUTKVVGTXQP-ÌPKI8KMVQT'OOCPWGN ++CWHIGJQDGPWPFOKV&GMTGVXQO&G\GODGTFKG-NCUUGP)TQ­QHHK\KGTWPF1HHK\KGTIGUEJCHHGP/KVFGT )TÒPFWPIFGU-ÌPKITGKEJGU+VCNKGPYWTFGFGT1TFGP\WFGUUGPJÌEJUVGO8GTFKGPUVQTFGPYCUGTDKU\WT#WHJGDWPI FGT/QPCTEJKGDNKGD#WEJPCEJFGO7PVGTICPIFGT/QPCTEJKGKP+VCNKGPDGUVCPFFGT1TFGPYGKVGTWPVGTFGO )TQ­OGKUVGTVWO-ÌPKI7ODGTVQU++WPFXQPFGUUGP5QJP2TKP\8KMVQT'OOCPWGNXQP5CXQ[GP#O,WPK GTJKGNVFGTWOGKPG#DVGKNWPIHÒT&COGPGTYGKVGTVGPWPOGJTUGEJUMNCUUKIG1TFGPPGWG5VCVWVGP8INCWEJ5RCFC #PVQPKQ1TFKPK&KPCUVKEKFGNNC4GCN%CUCFK5CXQKC$TGUEKC$CUECR¾)KCEQOQ%)NK1TFKPK%CXCNNGTGUEJK KP+VCNKC5VQTKCG&KTKVVQ/CKNCPF5HH(GTTK(CDTK\KQ1TFKPK%CXCNNGTGUEJKG&GEQTC\KQPKKP+VCNKC /QFGPC5HH.CWTGCW)¾TCTF. 1TFTGFGU5CKPVU/CWTKEGGV.C\CTG7PXGTÌHHGPVNKEJVGU/CPWUMTKRV 5VTC­DWTIQJPG,CJT 



1TFGP FGT JGKNKIGP /CWTKVKWU WPF .C\CTWU =1TFKPG FGK 5CPVK /CWTK\KQ G .C\CTQ? $TWUVUVGTP \WO   )TQ­QHHK\KGT=)TCP7HHKEKCNG?5KNDGTDTKNNCPVKGTV#WHNCIG5KNDGT  GOCKNNKGTVFKGUGTÒEMUGKVKIOKVXKGT 4WPFMQRHPKGVGPDGHGUVKIVOKP*CCTTK­KPFGTYGK­GP'OCKNNGCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC $QWNNCPIGT KP 2CTKU CP 0CFGN FKGUG YKG CWEJ FGT 0CFGNJCMGP OKV HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT )CTCPVKG   RWP\GUGKVHÒTGT5KNDGT 'DGTMQRHRWP\G OKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGP<- ++



+PFKGUGTHTCP\ÌUKUEJGP#WUHÒJTWPIOKVUKNDGTHCTDGPGP#WHNCIGPPKEJVJ·WHKI\WHKPFGP



176

1TFGP FGT JGKNKIGP /CWTKVKWU WPF .C\CTWU =1TFKPG FGK 5CPVK /CWTK\KQ G .C\CTQ? -QOVWTMTGW\   =%QOOGPFCVQTG?  /QFGNN OKV -TQPG  UGKV   )QNF GOCKNNKGTV  I #WUDTWEJ KP FGT ITÒPGP   'OCKNNGCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVGGKPGU-TGW\CTOUQJPG*CNUDCPF<- ++




ITALIEN

705 (1:1)



1TFGP FGT -TQPG XQP +VCNKGP =1TFKPG FGNNC %QTQPC F +VCNKC? $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­MTGW\ 5KNDGT   DTKNNCPVKGTV#WHNCIGP)QNFGOCKNNKGTVCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPIFGT(KTOC&Q%TCXCP \QNC%UWEEGUUKC(TCK$QTCPKKP4QOCP0CFGNOKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGP<- ++ 3WCNKVCVKXJQEJYGTVKIG#PHGTVKIWPIXQO'PFGFGU,CJTJWPFGTVU







)GUVKHVGVXQP-ÌPKI8KMVQT'OCPWGN++  CO(GDTWCTCWU#PNC­FGT*QEJ\GKVFGU-TQPRTKP\GP *WODGTVOKV2TKP\GUUKP/CTIGTKVCXQP5CXQ[GP)GPWCCNUHÒPHMNCUUKIGTCNNIGOGKPGT8GTFKGPUVQTFGP0CEJ#DUEJCH- HWPI FGT /QPCTEJKG XQO 5VCCV PKEJV OGJT XGTNKGJGP YWTFG GT LGFQEJ GTUV OKV )GUGV\ 0T  XQO  /·T\    FGO 5VKHVWPIUIGUGV\ \WO 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGT +VCNKGPKUEJGP 4GRWDNKM GTNCUUGP XQP 2T·UKFGPV .WKIK 'KPCWFK  

 HQTOGNNCDIGUEJCHHV#NNGTFKPIUJCVKJPFGTGZKNKGTVG-ÌPKI*WODGTV++XQP+VCNKGP  DKU\W UGKPGO6QFGHÒTKJORGTUÌPNKEJIGNGKUVGVG&KGPUVGXGTNKGJGP

706

707





1TFGPFGT-TQPGXQP+VCNKGP=1TFKPGFGNNC%QTQPCF +VCNKC?)TQ­QHHK\KGTUUGV=)TCP7HHKEKCNG?DGUVG- JGPFCWU)TQ­QHHK\KGTUMTGW\)QNFGOCKNNKGTVIOKVVNYCWUIGDNGKEJVGOWPFGVYCU\GTUEJNKUUGPGP QTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPFWPF$TWUVUVGTP5KNDGTDTKNNCPVKGTV#WHNCIGP)QNFGOCKNNKGTVCWHFGO4GXGTU*GT- UVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPIFGT(KTOC&%TCXCP\QNC5WEE(NNK$QTCPKKP4QOCP0CFGN\WUCOOGPOKV-PQRH- NQEJTQUGVVG KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC %TCXCP\QNC 5WEE ' )CTFKPQ KP 4QO OKV CWH   IGNGIVGO RNCUVKUEJGO /GVCNN/QPQITCOO -ÌPKI 8KMVQT 'OCPWGNU +++ TGIKGTVG XQP  DKU     <- 5VÒEM++



1TFGP FGT -TQPG XQP +VCNKGP =1TFKPG FGNNC %QTQPC F +VCNKC? 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\ =7HHKEKCNG? )QNF   GOCKNNKGTV  I CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF OKV CWHIGNGIVGT 4QUGVVG KO MNGKPGP QTKIKPCNGP   8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC &EQ %TCXCP\QNC KP 4QO OKV IQNFHCTDGPGO /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI 8KMVQT   'OCPWGNU+++ TGIKGTVGXQPDKU <- +++

 177


ITALIEN

708



1TFGPFGT-TQPGXQP+VCNKGP=1TFKPGFGNNC%QTQPCF +VCNKC?8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG\WO1HHK\KGTUMTGW\ =7HHKEKCNG? HÒT %CTNQ 8GTI¾ FCVKGTV 4QO CO  &G\GODGT  OKV 2T·IGUKGIGN WPF 7PVGTUEJTKHV   )GHCNVGV<WUCOOGPOKVªDGTUGPFWPIU%QWXGTV ++



'U JCPFGNV UKEJ JKGTDGK WO GKPG 8GTNGKJWPI CWU FGO GTUVGP 4GIKGTWPIULCJT GT TGIKGTVG UGKV FGO  ,CPWCT -ÌPKI 7ODGTVQU +   %JCTNGU 8GTI¾ YCT 5VCCVUTCV#WFKVQT WPF %JGH5GMTGV·T FGT &KTGMVKQP FGT #WUY·TVKIGP   5GMVKQPGP FGT 9GNVCWUUVGNNWPI  XQP 2CTKU FKG XQO  /CK DKU  0QXGODGT FGU ,CJTGU CWH FGO /CTUHGNF   UVCVVHCPFWPFHÒTFKGFCU#NVG6TQECF¾TQ2CNCKUCWHFGTIGIGPÒDGTNKGIGPFGP5GKPG5GKVGGTTKEJVGVYQTFGPKUV9GKVGTG 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGPHÒT%JCTNGU8GTI¾UKGJG-CV0TWPF

ex 709





 178

710

711

1TFGPFGT-TQPGXQP+VCNKGP=1TFKPGFGNNC%QTQPCF +VCNKC?4KVVGTMTGW\=%CXCNKGTG?)QNFGOCKNNKGTV OKV$TWUVDCPF\WUCOOGPOKV/KPKCVWT)QNFGOCKNNKGTVCO$·PFEJGPWPF-PQRHNQEJUEJNGKHGKOQTKIK- PCNGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWKOKVIQNFHCTDGPGO/QPQITCOO-ÌPKI8KMVQT'OCPWGNU+++ TGIKGTVGXQPDKU  <- 5VÒEM++



1TFGPFGT-TQPGXQP+VCNKGP=1TFKPGFGNNC%QTQPCF +VCNKC?4KVVGTMTGW\=%CXCNKGTG?)QNFGOCKNNKGTV  I OKV $TWUVDCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC .WKIK .QTFUEJPGKFGT KP 6TKGUVG PCEJ     OKV IQNFHCTDGPGO /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI 8KMVQT 'OCPWGNU +++ TGIKGTVG XQP  DKU   <-    ++



'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG\WOHÒPH\KIUVGP6QFGUVCIXQP)KWUGRRG)CTKDCNFK  KO,CJTG /GFCKNNGKP$TQP\GCO$CPF ++




ITALIEN

712

-¤0+).+%*' (#/+.+' &'4 *'4<¤)' 810 5#81;'0 '*'/ -¤0+)' 810   +6#.+'0 5'+6  

#NNGTJÌEJUVGT 1TFGP FGT *GKNKIUVGP 8GTMÒPFKIWPI =1TFKPG 5WRRTGOQ FGNNC 5CPVKUUKOC #PPWP   \KCVC?OGKUVCNU#PPWP\KCVGP1TFGPDG\GKEJPGV$TWUVUVGTP5KNDGTVNYXGTIQNFGVFKG\CJNTGKEJGP 'KP\GNVGKNGCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVGOKV0KGVGPDGHGUVKIVCP0CFGNFKGUGCO0CFGNDQEMOKVRWP\KGTV 44++



'UJCPFGNVUKEJJKGTDGKWOGKPG#PHGTVKIWPIPCEJFGU$TWUVUVGTPUFGU1TFPGUFGTCNUUCXQ[KUEJGT*CWUQTFGP CWEJJGWVGPQEJGZKUVKGTGPFGP)GOGKPUEJCHV

714 713

715

+6#.+'0+5%*'4'27$.+- 5'+6  

8GTFKGPUVQTFGPFGT+VCNKGPKUEJGP4GRWDNKM=1TFKPG#N/GTKVQFGNNC4GRWDDNKEC+VCNKCPC?/Q- FGNN   $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­MTGW\ =)TCP %TQEG? 0QTOCNCWUHÒJTWPI 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV VNY   XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV QJPG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI CP 0CFGN FKGUG OKV HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT 'KPHWJTRWP\G   XQPDKU 5EJYCPGPRWP\G <- ++



)GUVKHVGV XQO KVCNKGPKUEJGP 5VCCVURT·UKFGPVGP .WKIK 'KPCWFK   OKV )GUGV\ 0T  XQO  /·T\   

XGTÌHHGPVNKEJV KP FGT )C\GVVC 7HHKEKCNG XQO  /·T\  CNU UGEJUMNCUUKIGT -QNNCPG )TQ­MTGW\ )TQ­QHHK\KGT   -QOOCPFGWT1HHK\KGTWPF4KVVGT CNNIGOGKPGT8GTFKGPUVQTFGP/KV&GMTGVFGU5VCCVURT·UKFGPVGPXQO1MVQDGT  YWTFGP FKG 5VCVWVGP FGU 1TFGPU XGTÌHHGPVNKEJV /KV &GMTGV 0T  FGU 5VCCVURT·UKFGPVGP (TCPEGUEQ %QUUKIC  

  XQO  /·T\  GTHWJT GT GKPG IGUVCNVGTKUEJG PWPOGJT GVYCU VTCFKVKQPGNNGTG )GUVCNVWPI KP   #PNGJPWPICPFGPDKUDGUVGJGPFGP1TFGPFGT-TQPGXQP+VCNKGP 





8GTFKGPUVQTFGPFGT+VCNKGPKUEJGP4GRWDNKM=1TFKPG#N/GTKVQFGNNC4GRWDDNKEC+VCNKCPC?/Q- FGNN   $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­QHHK\KGT =)TCP 7HHKEKCNG? 0QTOCNCWUHÒJTWPI 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV   VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV FCU 5VGTPEJGP CWH FGO -TGW\ )QNF CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGT   DG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC ' )CTFKPQ 5WEE %TCXCP\QNC KP 4QO CP 0CFGN FKGUG OKV HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT   'KPHWJTRWP\GXQPDKU 5EJYCPGPRWP\G <- ++



8GTFKGPUVQTFGPFGT+VCNKGPKUEJGP4GRWDNKM=1TFKPG#N/GTKVQFGNNC4GRWDDNKEC+VCNKCPC?/Q- FGNN   $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­QHHK\KGT =)TCP 7HHKEKCNG? 0QTOCNCWUHÒJTWPI 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV   VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC ' )CTFKPQ 5WEE   %TCXCP\QNC KP 4QO CP 0CFGN FKGUG OKV HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT 'KPHWJTRWP\G XQP  DKU  5EJYCPGP   RWP\G <- ++

 179


ITALIEN







718

717

716

8GTFKGPUVQTFGPFGT+VCNKGPKUEJGP4GRWDNKM=1TFKPG#N/GTKVQFGNNC4GRWDDNKEC+VCNKCPC?/Q- FGNN  -QOOCPFGWTMTGW\=%QOOGPFCVQTG?0QTOCNCWUHÃ&#x2019;JTWPI5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKN- NKGTVGVYCUCPIGNCWHGP5VGTPEJGPKO<GPVTWO)QNFCOQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPF\WUCOOGPOKV-PQRHNQEJ- TQUGVVG KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC 5 ,QJPUQP KP /CKNCPF WPF 4QO OKV IQNFHCTDGPGO   5VCCVUYCRRGP<- ++



8GTFKGPUVQTFGPFGT+VCNKGPKUEJGP4GRWDNKM=1TFKPG#N/GTKVQFGNNC4GRWDDNKEC+VCNKCPC?/Q- FGNN  -QOOCPFGWTMTGW\=%QOOGPFCVQTG?0QTOCNCWUHÃ&#x2019;JTWPI5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKN- NKGTV 5VGTPEJGP KO <GPVTWO )QNF CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF OKV /KPKCVWT 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKN   NKGTVQJPG$·PFEJGP<- ++



8GTFKGPUVQTFGPFGT+VCNKGPKUEJGP4GRWDNKM=1TFKPG#N/GTKVQFGNNC4GRWDDNKEC+VCNKCPC?/Q- FGNN  -QOOCPFGWTMTGW\=%QOOGPFCVQTG?0QTOCNCWUHÃ&#x2019;JTWPI5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKN- NKGTV5VGTPEJGPKO<GPVTWO)QNFCOQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPF#DUEJPKVV<- ++



720

719



8GTFKGPUVQTFGPFGT+VCNKGPKUEJGP4GRWDNKM=1TFKPG#N/GTKVQFGNNC4GRWDDNKEC+VCNKCPC?/Q- FGNN   1HHK\KGTUMTGW\ =7HHKEKCNG? 0QTOCNCWUHÃ&#x2019;JTWPI 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV GVYCU   CPIGNCWHGP 5VGTPEJGP KO <GPVTWO )QNF CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF OKV CWHIGNGIVGT 4QUGVVG \WUCOOGP   OKV-PQRHNQEJTQUGVVGKOQTKIKPCNGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWKFGT(KTOC%TCXCP\QNC5WEE')CTFKPQKP4QOOKV CWHIGNGIVGOIQNFHCTDGPGOOGVCNNGPGO5VCCVUYCRRGP<- ++



+6#.+'0+5%*'+06'40#6+10#.'70&)'5'..5%*#(6514&'0 

180

5QWXGT·PGT/KNKV·TKUEJGT*QURKVCNQTFGPXQOJN)GQTIKP-·TPVGP=5QXTCPQ/KNKVCTG1TFKPG1URK- FCNKGTGFK5CP)KQTIKQKP%CTKP\KC?/QFGNN1TFGPUMTGW\GKPGT)PCFGP-QOVWT&COG QJPG6TQ- RJ·G  $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CP &COGPUEJNGKHG \WUCOOGP OKV /KPKCVWT $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV   WPFGOCKNNKGTVCP5EJNGKHEJGP ++ <WT )GUEJKEJVG FGU 1TFGPU XGTIN 2GNNKEEKQPK FK 2QNK .WEKCPQ . 1TFKPG 5QXTCPQ /KNKVCTG 1URGFCNKGTQ FK 5CP   )KQTIKQKP%CTKP\KC4QO2TKXKVGTC8KPEGP\Q1TFKPK%CXCNNGTGUEJK5VQTKCG&GEQTC\KQPK%CVCPKC 5HH




ITALIEN

ex 723

722

721



/KNKV·TKUEJGT 1TFGP XQO #NNGTJGKNKIUVGP 'TNÌUGT WPF FGT JGKNKIGP $TKIKVVG XQP 5EJYGFGP =1TFKPG   OKNKVCTG FGN 5CPVKUUKOQ 4GFGPVQTG G FK 5CPVC $TKIKFC FK 5XG\KC? 1TFGPUMTGW\ GKPGT ,WUVK\-QOVWT   &COG OKV 6TQRJ·G  $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CP &COGPUEJNGKHG \WUCOOGP OKV /KPKCVWT   $TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCP5EJNGKHEJGP 4++



51056+)'+6#.+'0+5%*'25'7&1&;0#56+5%*'14&'0 

-QPUVCPVKPKUEJGT/KNKV·TKUEJGT1TFGPFGUJN)GQTIXQP#PVKQEJKGP=%QUVCPVKPKCPQ1TFKPG/KNKVCTG FK5CP)KQTIKQF #PVKQEJKC?/QFGNN-QOOCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTV\W- UCOOGPOKV-PQRHNQEJTQUGVVGKOQTKIKPCNGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK ++



&KGUGT 1TFGP YKTF PGDGP YGKVGTGP 1TFGP \ $ FGO 1TFGP FGT PQTOCPPKUEJGP -TQPG XQP #NVCXKNNC  XQP GKPGO   KVCNKGPKUEJGP *GT\QI =&WEC? XQP #NVCXKNNC XGTNKGJGP FGT UGKPG #DMWPHV CWH FKG FGT PQTOCPPKUEJGP (COKNKG FGT   *CWVGXKNNGGPVUVCOOGPFGP-ÌPKIGXQP5K\KNKGP\WTÒEMHÒJTVFKGLGFQEJDGTGKVUKO,CJTJWPFGTVKO/CPPGUUVCOO CWUIGUVQTDGPKUV



1TFGP FGT PQTOCPPKUEJGP -TQPG XQP #NVCXKNNC =1TFKPG FGNNC %QTQPC 0QTOCPPC F #NVCXKNNC?    /QFGNN )TQ­MTGW\UGV DGUVGJGPF CWU-NGKPQF5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP5EJWNVGT- DCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN \WUCOOGP OKV   /KPKCVWT5KNDGTVNYXGTIQNFGVCO$·PFEJGPKO1TKIKPCNGVWK 5VÒEM++



&KGUGT1TFGPYKTFPGDGPYGKVGTGP1TFGP \$FGO-QPUVCPVKPKUEJGP/KNKV·TKUEJGP1TFGPFGUJN)GQTIXQP#PVKQ- EJKGP  XQP GKPGO KVCNKGPKUEJGP *GT\QI =&WEC? XQP #NVCXKNNC XGTNKGJGP FGT UGKPG #DMWPHV CWH FKG FGT   PQTOCPPKUEJGP (COKNKG FGT *CWVGXKNNG GPVUVCOOGPFGP -ÌPKIG XQP 5K\KNKGP \WTÒEMHÒJTV FKG LGFQEJ DGTGKVU KO    ,CJTJWPFGTVKO/CPPGUUVCOOCWUIGUVQTDGPKUV

181


LITAUEN

724

725

726

.+6#7'0

'456' 4'27$.+-   

1TFGPFGU.KVCWKUEJGP)TQ­HÒTUVGP)GFKOKPCU=&KFzKQLQ.KGVWXQU-WPKICKMscKQ)GFKOKPQQTFKPCU? /QFGNN OKVPKEJVGOCKNNKGTVGT4GXGTU -NGKPQFFGT-NCUUGZOO5KNDGT VNYXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTV¤UGGVYCUXGTDQIGPOKVMWT\GO5EJWNVGTDCPFCDUEJPKVV6#5HH<-  ++



0CEJ8-CXCNKCWUMCU KP-85 KUVFGT1TFGPDKU'PFGPWTOCNKPFGT-NCUUGXGTNKGJGPYQTFGP  &GT HÒPHMNCUUKIG CNNIGOGKPG 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP YWTFG CO  (GDTWCT  XQP 2T·UKFGPV 5OGVQPC IGUVKHVGV/KVFGT #PPGMVKQP .KVCWGPU  FWTEJ FKG 5QYLGVWPKQPJÌTVGFGT1TFGPCWH\WDGUVGJGP/KV)GUGV\XQO5GRVGODGT YWTFGGTXQPFGTNKVCWKUEJGP4GIKGTWPIYKGFGTKPU.GDGPIGTWHGP



1TFGPFGU.KVCWKUEJGP)TQ­HÒTUVGP)GFKOKPCU=&KFzKQLQ.KGVWXQU-WPKICKMscKQ)GFKOKPQQTFKPCU?  /QFGNN OKV GOCKNNKGTVGT 4GXGTU    &GMQTCVKQP FGT  -NCUUG #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC   *WIWGPKP(T½TGU%QKP.G.QENG5KNDGTVNYXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPFKO 1TKIKPCNGVWK FGT (KTOC *WIWGPKP (T½TGU OKV IQNFHCTDGP IGFTWEMVGO 5VCCVUYCRRGP 6# 5HH <-    ++



0CEJ 8 -CXCNKCWUMCU KP -8 5   KUV FGT 1TFGP XQP  DKU  PWT  OCN KP FGT  -NCUUG XGTNKGJGP   YQTFGP

)4155*'4<1)67/.7:'/$74) 

1TFGP FGT 'KEJGPMTQPG =1TFTG FG NC %QWTQPPG FG %J¿PG? -QOOCPFGWTMTGW\ #WUHÒJTWPI OKVKO /GFCKNNQPGKPIGNCUUGPGP/QPQITCOO5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPF\WUCO- OGPOKV-PQRHNQEJTQUGVVGKO8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK<- ++ (TCP\ÌUKUEJG#PHGTVKIWPIOWVOC­NKEJFGT(KTOC#TVJWU$GTVTCPFKP2CTKU 



&GT1TFGPYWTFGOKV-ÌPKINKEJ)TQ­JGT\QINKEJGO$GUEJNW­XQO&G\GODGTXQP9KNJGNO ++ -ÌPKIFGT 0KGFGTNCPFG WPF )TQ­JGT\QI XQP .WZGODWTI CNU XKGTMNCUUKIGT )TQ­MTGW\ 4KVVGT XQO 5VGTP -QOOCPFGWT WPF   4KVVGT CNNIGOGKPGT8GTFKGPUVQTFGPHÒTFCU)TQ­JGT\QIVWO.WZGODWTIIGUVKHVGVYWTFGHÒTFCU)TQ­MTGW\GKP GKIGPGTCEJVUVTCJNKIGT$TWUVUVGTPGKPIGHÒJTVFKG-NCUUGFGT4KVVGTOKV5VGTPKP)TQ­QHHK\KGTWODGPCPPVUQYKGFKG 1HHK\KGTUMNCUUG WPF FKG FTGKUVWHKIG )QNF 5KNDGT WPF $TQP\G  CHHKNKKGTVG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG IGUVKHVGV <WT HTÒJGP   )GUEJKEJVGFGU1TFGPUWPFUGKPGT6T·IGTDKUUKGJG/WNFGT%2WPF%JTKUVKCCPU2#ņ1PFGTUEJGKFKPIGP XCPFG-QPKPI)TQQVJGTVQIņ&G1TFGECPFG'KMGPMTQQPʼnU)TCXGPJCIG

'KPGPYGKVGTGP1TFGPCWU.WZGODWTIHKPFGP5KGWPVGTFGT.QUPWOOGT 182




MALTESER RITTERORDEN

727 (1:1)

727 (1:1) 1,5:1

5178'40'4/#.6'5'44+66'414&'0 5178'40'44+66'4 70&*152+6#.14&'081/*.,1*#00'5<7,'475#.'/810 4*1&1570&810/#.6#  

-TGW\GKPGU-QOVWTUFGU)TQ­RTKQTCVGU$C[GTPFGU/CNVGUGTQTFGPU ZOO)QNFGOCKNNKGTV IOKP'OCKNNGCWUDTÒEJGKPGKPKIGP-TGW\URKV\GPXQP#XGTUWPF4GXGTU6TQRJ·GJQJNIGVTKGDGP WPFHGKPUVITCXKGTVOKV$CPFTKPIQJPG$CPF#PIGDQVGPOKVGKPGO'ZGORNCTFGU$WEJGU$C[GTPWPF /CNVC XQP /KEJCGN #WVGPITWDGT WPF -NCWU * (GFGT $TCPPGPDWTI WPF -QPUVCP\   -$    4444++  #WUGKPGTDGFGWVGPFGPFGWVUEJGP2TKXCVUCOONWPIFCXQTGZ#WMVKQPFGT(KTOC#PFTGCU6JKGUG-CO,WNK -CV0TFCXQTKPGKPGTDGFGWVGPFGPCOGTKMCPKUEJGP5COONWPIFCXQTKPFGT5COONWPI/KEJCGN#WVGPITWDGT *KUVQTKUEJ JÌEJUV DGFGWVGPFGU 'ZGORNCT CWU FGT GTUVGP #PHGTVKIWPIUUGTKG FGT +PUKIPKGP FKG #PHCPI  XQO   DC[GTKUEJGP -WTHÒTUVGP %CTN 6JGQFQT   \WT 'TTKEJVWPI FGU )TQ­RTKQTCVGU $C[GTP WPF FGT $C[GTKUEJGP   <WPIG CO  #RTKN  HÒT FKG #WHPCJOG PGWGT -QOVWTG KP #WHVTCI IGIGDGP YQTFGP YCT 'KP 'ZGORNCT KP   PCJG\W KFGPVKUEJGT (GTVKIWPI LGFQEJ OKV GKPGT $CPFUEJNGKHG CNU ªDGTJÌJWPI UVCVV GKPGT 6TQRJ·G  YWTFG KP GKPGT   #WMVKQPFGT(KTOC1VVQ*GNDKPI0CEJHKP/ÒPEJGPCO&G\GODGTWPVGTFGT-CV0TCPIGDQVGPWPF \WIGUEJNCIGP'KPYGKVGTGUKPFGT(GTVKIWPIUR·VGTGU'ZGORNCTYWTFGKPFGT#WMVKQPFGT(KTOC#PFTGCU6JKGU G - CO  /CK  -CV 0T  CPIGDQVGP &CTÒDGT JKPCWU DGHKPFGV UKEJ KP FGT #WUUVGNNWPI FGU $C[GTKUEJGP   #TOGGOWUGWOUKP+PIQNUVCFVGKPYGKVGTGU'ZGORNCTKPGKPGTGVYCUUR·VGTGP#PHGTVKIWPIWOEC  0CEJ OÒJUCOGP 8GTJCPFNWPIGP IGNCPI GU -WTHÒTUV %CTN 6JGQFQT HÒT $C[GTP KP #DITGP\WPI \WO FGWVUEJGP   )TQ­RTKQTCV  OKV <WUVKOOWPI UQYQJN 2CRUV 2KWU 8+   FGT XQO  #RTKN DKU \WO  /CK  KP   /ÒPEJGP YGKNVG CNU CWEJ FGU (ÒTUV)TQ­OGKUVGTU FGU 1TFGPU (T¯ 'OOCPWGN FG 4QJCP2QNFWE   FCU   )TQ­RTKQTCV $C[GTP WPF FKG 'PINKUEJ  $C[GTKUEJG <WPIG FGU /CNVGUGTQTFGPU \W GTTKEJVGP 'U YWTFG OKV FGP   GJGOCNKIGP $GUKV\WPIGP FGU  XQP 2CRUV %NGOGPU :+8   CWHIGJQDGPGP ,GUWKVGPQTFGPU CWUIGUVCVVGV   WPFFKGPVGHQTVCPCNUGKPG#TVMWTHÒTUVNKEJGU$GNQJPWPIKPUVKVWVHÒTFGPDC[GTKUEJGP#FGN  0CEJ FGO (CNN /CNVCU CP 0CRQN¾QP $QPCRCTVG  KO ,WPK  WPF FGT 'TJGDWPI FGU TWUUKUEJGP -CKUGTU 2CWN +  

  \WO FG HCEVQ )TQ­OGKUVGT KO INGKEJGP ,CJT IKPI FKGUGT WOIGJGPF FCTCP FWTEJ 'TTKEJVWPI GKPGU   TWUUKUEJGP PKEJV MCVJQNKUEJGP  )TQ­RTKQTCVGU FKG DKUJGTKIG DC[GTKUEJG KP GKPG DC[GTKUEJTWUUKUEJG <WPIG \W   GTYGKVGTP FCU UGJT TCUEJ GKPG ITQ­G #P\CJN CP /KVINKGFGTP CWU FGO TWUUKUEJGP *QEJCFGN CWHPCJO YQFWTEJ FCU   DC[GTKUEJG)TQ­RTKQTCVFGWVNKEJKPU*KPVGTVTGHHGPIGTKGV5QOKVUKPFFKG+PUKIPKGPFGTDC[GTKUEJGP<WPIGCNUQCWEJ FCUJKGTCPIGDQVGPG'ZGORNCTCNUFKTGMVGT8QTN·WHGTFGT+PUKIPKGPFGUTWUUKUEJGP)TQ­RTKQTCVGUCP\WUGJGP  0CEJFGT'TOQTFWPI<CT2CWNU+CO  /·T\UGV\VGUGKP5QJPWPF0CEJHQNIGT#NGZCPFGT+   FKGUG OCNVGUKUEJGP #ODKVKQPGP PKEJVYGKVGTHQTVYCUUEJNW­GPFNKEJ\WT#WHJGDWPIFGUTWUUKUEJGP)TQ­RTKQTCVGU HÒJTVG #WEJ KP $C[GTP GTGKNVG FCU JKGT CPU·UUKIG )TQ­RTKQTCV UGKPGP 0KGFGTICPI DKU GU CO  5GRVGODGT    FGHKPKVKXXQODC[GTKUEJGP-ÌPKI/CZ+,QUGRJ  CWHIGJQDGPYWTFG  &KG'PVFGEMWPIFGUJKGTCPIGDQVGPGP1TFGPUMTGW\GUXQT,CJTGPWPFUGKPG'THQTUEJWPIFWTEJFGP-CVCNQICWVQTWPF -NCWU * (GFGT HÒJTVG \WT DKU FCJKP WPDGMCPPVGP 'TMGPPVPKU FC­ FKG DC[GTKUEJG <WPIG D\Y FCU )TQ­RTKQTCV   $C[GTP ÒDGT GKIGPG +PUKIPKGP OKV .ÌYGP \YKUEJGP FGP -TGW\CTOGP XGTHÒIVGP FKG \W FGP UGNVGPUVGP DC[GTKUEJGP   1TFGPUKPUKIPKGP ÒDGTJCWRV \·JNGP YCU CWEJ XQP FGT PGWGTGP (QTUEJWPI ITÌ­VGPVGKNU KOOGT PQEJ PKEJV   DGTÒEMUKEJVKIV YQTFGP KUV #WVGPITWDGT WPF (GFGT JCDGP KP KJTGO JKGT DGKIGHÒIVGP 9GTM FKG )GUEJKEJVG FGU   DC[GTKUEJGP )TQ­RTKQTCVGU WPF UGKPGT +PUKIPKGP PCEJIG\GKEJPGV WPF FWTEJ \CJNTGKEJGU $KNFGTOCVGTKCN FGUUGP   #WVJGPVK\KV·VCWHUFGWVNKEJUVGDGNGIV   9GKVGTG+PUKIPKGPFGU5QWXGT·PGP/CNVGUGT4KVVGTQTFGPUHKPFGP5KGWPVGT¤UVGTTGKEJ-CV0TWPF



183


MONACO

728

(ª456'067//10#%1 

1TFGPFGUJN-CTN=1TFTGFG5V%JCTNGU?#WUHÒJTWPI OKVFTGK5VGTPGPKO/GFCKNNQPTKPIUGKV  )TQ­MTGW\UGVDGUVGJGPFCWU-NGKPQF)QNFGOCKNNKGTVOKP8GTH·TDWPIFGTYGK­GP'OCKNNGCWH FGT 8QTFGTUGKVG FGU NKPMGP-TGW\CTOUOKPQDGTHN·EJNKEJG%JKRUKPFGTYGK­GP'OCKNNGFGT4ÒEMUGKVG FGU WPVGTGP -TGW\CTOU WPF FGU TÒEMUGKVKIGP /GFCKNNQPTKPIU CO QTKIKPCNGP IGVTCIGPGP 5EJWNVGTDCPF   WPF$TWUVUVGTP5KNDGTDTKNNCPVKGTVWPFTGRGTEKGTV)QNFGOCKNNKGTV/QPQITCOOKO/GFCKNNQPPKEJVICP\ XQNNUV·PFKICWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPIFGT(KTOC*CNNG[#$CESWGXKNNG5WEEKP2CTKU KO QTKIKPCNGP UVCTM DGUEJ·FKIVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK W C &GEMGN UGRCTCV  OKV /QPQITCOO FGU (ÒTUVGP   #NDGTV+<- 5VÒEM++  #WHITWPF FGU 'VWKOQPQITCOOU FGU (ÒTUVGP #NDGTV +   MCPP FGT *GTUVGNNWPIU\GKVTCWO FGU 5GVU CWH   FGUUGP 4GIKGTWPIU\GKV \YKUEJGP  WPF  DGITGP\V YGTFGP +P FGT HQNIGPFGP -CVCNQIRQUKVKQP YKTF FKG   FC\WIGJÌTKIG8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGCPIGDQVGP  

&GT 1TFGP YWTFG XQP (ÒTUV %JCTNGU +++ FWTEJ 1TFQPPCP\ 0T  XQO  /·T\  CNU \WP·EJUV FTGKMNCUUKIGT   CNNIGOGKPGT 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP IGUVKHVGV&WTEJ1TFQPPCP\XQO,CPWCTYWTFGGTCWHHÒPH-NCUUGPGTYGKVGTV +PFKGUGT(QTOYKTFGTCWEJJGWVGPQEJXGTNKGJGP

184


MONACO

729



1TFGP FGU JN -CTN =1TFTG FG 5V %JCTNGU? 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG \WO )TQ­MTGW\ HÒT ,WNGU 'OKNG   (T¾F¾TKE /CUUGPGV FCVKGTV /QPCEQ CO  (GDTWCT  OKV 7PVGTUEJTKHVGP OKV 2CRKGT2T·IGUKGIGN   FQRRGNVIGHCNVGV ++ &KGFC\WIGJÌTKIG&GMQTCVKQPYKTFKPFGTXQTJGTIGJGPFGP-CVCNQI2QUKVKQPCPIGDQVGP







,WNGU 'OKNG(T¾F¾TKE /CUUGPGV  YCTGKPDGFGWVGPFGTHTCP\ÌUKUEJGT-QORQPKUVWC\CJNTGKEJGT1RGTP /KVINKGFKO+PUVKVWVFG(TCPEGWPF2TQHGUUQTCO-QPUGTXCVQTKWOXQP2CTKU YKMKRGFKCHT 

731

730



1TFGPFGUJN-CTN=1TFTGFG5V%JCTNGU?#WUHÒJTWPI OKVFTGK5VGTPGPKO/GFCKNNQPTKPIUGKV  -QOOCPFGWTMTGW\5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVGKPG-TGW\CTOURKV\GXGTDQIGPWPFOKVDGKF- UGKVKIGP OKP 'OCKNNGCWUDTÒEJGP CO *CNUDCPF \WUCOOGP OKV -PQRHNQEJTQUGVVG KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGK-   JWPIUGVWKOKVIQNFHCTDGPGO/QPQITCOOXQP(ÒTUV4CKPKGT+++ TGIXQPDKU <- ++



5GJTUR·VG#PHGTVKIWPIOWVOC­NKEJXQPFGT(KTOC$CESWGXKNNGKP2CTKU



#TDGKVUOGFCKNNG =/¾FCKNNG FW 6TCXCKN? $TQP\GOGFCKNNG $TQP\G CO QTKIKPCNGP $CPF KO QTKIKPCNGP   8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGU *QHLWYGNKGTU $TQPHQTV KP /QPCEQ OKV /QPQITCOO XQP (ÒTUV .QWKU ++ TGI XQP   DKU  ++



&KG\YGKUVWHKIG/GFCKNNG 5KNDGTWPF$TQP\G YWTFGXQP(ÒTUV.QWKU++OKV1TFQPPCP\0TXQO&G\GODGT IGUVKHVGV+PFKGUGT(QTOYKTFUKGDKUKPFKG)GIGPYCTVXGTNKGJGP

185


NIEDERLANDE

732 (1:1) ex 733

-¤0+)4'+%*&'40+'&'4.#0&' 

1TCPKGP 0CUUCW1TFGP =1TFG XCP 1TCPKG 0CUUCW? -QOOCPFGWTMTGW\ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKN   NKGTV KO $CPFTKPI PKEJV KFGPVKHK\KGTDCT RWP\KGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF \WUCOOGP OKV -PQRHNQEJ   UEJNGKHEJGPKOIQNFHCTDGPDGFTWEMVGPQTKIKPCNGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK<- ++ +PFGTHQNIGPFGP-CVCNQIRQUKVKQPYKTFFKGFC\WIGJÌTKIG8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGCPIGDQVGP







)GUVKHVGV CO  #RTKN  XQP FGT 4GIGPVKP WPF -ÌPKIKPYKVYG 'OOC KO 0COGP KJTGT 6QEJVGT -ÌPKIKP 9KNJGN   OKPC CNU HÒPHMNCUUKIGT CNNIGOGKPGT 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGO GKPG FTGKUVWHKIG /GFCKNNG CHHKNKKGTV KUV (ÒT OKNKV·TKUEJG   8GTFKGPUVGYKTFFGT1TFGPOKVIGMTGW\VGP5EJYGTVGTPXGTNKGJGP



1TCPKGP 0CUUCW1TFGP =1TFG XCP 1TCPKG 0CUUCW? 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG \WO -QOOCPFGWTMTGW\ HÒT   /*$QWUEJGVFG$GTPCTFFCVKGTV U)CXGPJCCIGCO/·T\OKV7PVGTUEJTKHVWPF2T·IGUKGIGN GKPOCNIGHCNVGV<WUCOOGPOKV1TFGPUUVCVWVGPWPFFGOQHHK\KGNNGP8GTUCPFWOUEJNCI 5VÒEM++ &KGFC\WIGJÌTKIG&GMQTCVKQPYKTFKPFGTXQTJGTIGJGPFGP-CVCNQI2QUKVKQPCPIGDQVGP 



*GPTK$QWUEJGVFG$GTPCTFYCTWC2TQVQMQNN&KTGMVQTFGUHTCP\ÌUKUEJGP#W­GPOKPKUVGTKWOUWPFUR·VGT&KTGMVQT FGU $WTGCW F #FOKPKUVTCVKQP FGU 0¾GTNCPFCKUKP6QWNQWUG9GKVGTG8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGPHÒT*GPT[$QWUEJGVFG $GTPCTFUKGJG-CV0TWPF

186




NORWEGEN

734 (1:1)

0149')'0 -¤0+)4'+%*2'4510#.70+10/+65%*9'&'0 $+5  

-ÌPKINKEJ 0QTYGIKUEJGT 5CPMV 1NCXU1TFGP =-QPIGNKIG 0QTUM 5V 1NCXUQTFGP?  /QFGNN      /KPKCVWT1TFGPUMTGW\  Z  OO )QNF GOCKNNKGTV  I 'OCKNNGEJKR KP GKPGO   TÒEMUGKVKIGP-TGW\CTOQJPG$·PFEJGP +++++



&GT\WP·EJUVFTGKMNCUUKIG1TFGPYWTFGCO#WIWUVXQP-ÌPKI1UECT+HÒTFCUOKV5EJYGFGPKP2GTUQPCN- WPKQPXGTDWPFGPG-ÌPKITGKEJ0QTYGIGPIGUVKHVGV$KUECYCTGPFKGXGTNKGJGPGP$TWUVUVGTPGYKGKP5EJYGFGP IGUVKEMV    YWTFG GT CWH XKGT -QOOCPFGWT  WPF  -NCUUG UR·VGT -QOOCPFGWT OKV 5VGTP WPF   -QOOCPFGWT   CWH HÒPH -NCUUGP 4KVVGT  -NCUUG WPF 4KVVGT  GTYGKVGTV PCEJFGO DGTGKVU  FKG -QNNCPG   GKPIGHÒJTVYQTFGPYCT

735 (1:1) 736 (1:1)



/GFCKNNG(ÒTFKGGFNG6CV=/GFCNLG(QT“FGN&CCF?/QFGNN OKVFGO2QTVTCKV-ÌPKI1UECTU ++    5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG OKV -TQPG 5KNDGT OKP 4CPFMGTDGP CP $CPFTCJG OKV $CPF #4    44++



5'.$56560&+)'5 -¤0+)4'+%* 5'+6  

-ÌPKINKEJ 0QTYGIKUEJGT 5CPMV 1NCXU1TFGP =-QPIGNKIG 0QTUM 5V 1NCXUQTFGP?  /QFGNN    OKVGKPGO.ÌYGPÒDGTFGT-TQPG 4KVVGTMTGW\-NCUUG)QNFGOCKNNKGTVI OKV$CPF CWH FGT4ÒEMUGKVGFGT-TQPGFKG'OCKNNGXQP\YGK5VGKPGPCDIGRNCV\VCOCNVGP1TKIKPCNDCPF\WUCOOGP OKV\YGKYGKVGTGP$CPFCDUEJPKVVGPKOQTKIKPCNGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWKFGT(KTOC6QUVTWRKP1UNQ<- ++



&KG #PHGTVKIWPIU\GKV FGU -TGW\GUN·­VUKEJCWHITWPFFGT#PICDG1UNQ UVCVV-TKUVKCPKC KO'VWKFGEMGNCWHFGP <GKVTCWO\YKUEJGPWPFGKPITGP\GP  

0CEJ FGT #WHNÌUWPI FGT 2GTUQPCNWPKQP OKV 5EJYGFGP DGUV·VKIG FGT PGW IGY·JNVG -ÌPKI *CCMQP 8++ CO  ,WPK    FGP 1TFGP KP GVYCU XGT·PFGTVGT )GUVCNVWPI YQDGK FCU DKUJGTKIG -NCUUGPU[UVGO GTJCNVGP DNKGD 0CEJ FGT   #WHNÌUWPI FGT 2GTUQPCNWPKQP OKV 5EJYGFGP DGUV·VKIG FGT PGW IGY·JNVG -ÌPKI *CCMQP 8++ CO  ,WPK  FGP   1TFGP KP GVYCU XGT·PFGTVGT )GUVCNVWPI YQDGK FCU DKUJGTKIG -NCUUGPU[UVGO GTJCNVGP DNKGD  XGTUEJYCPF   UEJNKG­NKEJFGTMNGKPG.ÌYGÒDGTFGO-TGW\FGT-TQPGYQOKVFGT1TFGPUGKPGJGWVKIG)GUVCNVGTJKGNV#NNG-NCUUGP FGU 1TFGPU MÌPPGP CWEJ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP XGTNKGJGP YGTFGP FKG LGFQEJ PWT CWH FGP 1TFGPUMTGW\GP PKEJV CWH FGP   $TWUVUVGTPGPCPIGDTCEJVYGTFGP#NUDGUQPFGTUJQJG#WU\GKEJPWPIMCPPFGT1TFGPKP$TKNNCPVGPXGTNKGJGPYGTFGP #NNG+PUKIPKGPFGU1TFGPUCW­GTFGPLGPKIGPOKV$TKNNCPVGPUKPFUVTGPITÒEMICDGRHNKEJVKI

187


ÖSTERREICH

737

-#+5'44'+%*   

738

739

¤56'44'+%*

740

'JTGP\GKEJGP XQO 4QVGP -TGW\ -TGW\  -NCUUG QJPG -TKGIUFGMQTCVKQP  5KNDGT GOCKNNKGTV KP FGT   ¤UG WPF KO $CPFTKPI 2WP\G HÒT GT 5KNDGT XQP  DKU  WPF 2WP\G # CO QTKIKPCNGP   &TGKGEMUDCPF$9-<- ++





'JTGP\GKEJGPXQO4QVGP-TGW\-TGW\-NCUUG QJPG-TKGIUFGMQTCVKQP 5KNDGTGOCKNNKGTVQJPG2WP- \KGTWPI  COQTKIKPCNGP&TGKGEMUDCPF$9-<- ++





'JTGP\GKEJGPXQO4QVGP-TGW\-TGW\-NCUUGOKV-TKGIUFGMQTCVKQP5KNDGTGOCKNNKGTVKPFGT¤UG WPF KO $CPFTKPI 2WP\G HÒT GT 5KNDGT XQP  DKU  WPF 2WP\G # CO QTKIKPCNGP   &TGKGEMUDCPFKOUKNDGTHCTDGPDGFTWEMVGP'VWKFGT(KTOC)#5EJGKFKP9KGP$9-<- ++



'JTGP\GKEJGPXQO4QVGP-TGW\-TGW\-NCUUGOKV-TKGIUFGMQTCVKQP5KNDGTGOCKNNKGTVKPFGT¤UG WPF KO $CPFTKPI 2WP\G HÒT GT 5KNDGT XQP  DKU  WPF 2WP\G # CO QTKIKPCNGP   &TGKGEMUDCPFKOUKNDGTHCTDGPDGFTWEMVGP'VWKFGT(KTOC)#5EJGKFKP9KGP$9-<- ++





743 741

ex 744



'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNGHÒTFGP5EJNGUYKI*QNUVGKP(GNF\WI¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJG#WUICDG$TQP\GOKV 4CPFRT·IWPI#75'41$'46'/)'5%*7'6<COCNVGP&TGKGEMUDCPF$9- +++++





'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNGHÒTFGP5EJNGUYKI*QNUVGKP(GNF\WI¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJG#WUICDG$TQP\GOKV 4CPFRT·IWPI#75'41$'46'/)'5%*7'6<COUR·VGTGP&TGKGEMUDCPF$9- +++++





/GKUVGTUEJCHVU/GFCKNNG FGU /GKUVGTUEJCHVU5EJKG­GP \W $GTI +UGN KP 6KTQN   Z  OO   )QNFIKO4CPF*GTUVGNNGTRWP\G,%WPF2WP\GHÒTGT)QNFXQPDKU #9KPF- JWPFMQRH QJPG$CPFTKPIWPFQJPG$CPF 4++



&KG 8QTFGTUGKVG FKGUGT /GFCKNNG UVCOOV XQO INGKEJGP 5VGORGN FGT CWEJ HÒT FKG -W- 4GIKOGPVUOGFCKNNGP   XGTYGPFGVYWTFGFKGCWU#PNC­FGUL·JTKIGP4GIKGTWPIULWDKN·WOU-CKUGT(TCP\,QUGRJUKO,CJTGIGUVKHVGV YWTFGPWPFOKVXGTUEJKGFGPGP4ÒEMUGKVGPCWUIGIGDGPYWTFGP  

$GTI+UGNDGK+PPUDTWEMKP6KTQNIGNGIGPYCT5EJCWRNCV\FGTINGKEJPCOKIGPXKGT5EJNCEJVGPKO,CJTG\YKUEJGP FGP6KTQNGTPWPVGTFGO$GHGJNXQP#PFTGCU*QHGTIGIGPFKGHTCP\ÌUKUEJDC[GTKUEJGP$GUCV\GTFGU.CPFGU5GKV XQP FGP -CKUGTL·IGTP 6KTQNGT ,·IGT4GIKOGPVGT  \WT #WUDKNFWPI IGPWV\V YWTFG FCUCNNO·JNKEJ*QEJRNCVGCWCNU *GNFGPDGTI \W GKPGT VKTQNKUEJPCVKQPCNGP 9CNNHCJTVUUV·VVG OKV &GPMOCN /WUGWO WPF 5EJKG­RNCV\ YQ KOOGT   YKGFGT5EJÒV\GP/GKUVGTUEJCHVGPKP'TKPPGTWPICPFKGITQ­G$GFGWVWPIFGU1TVGUUVCVVHCPFGP YKMKRGFKCFG 



188

-QPXQNWV XQP  OKNKV·TKUEJGP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP +P XGTUEJKGFGPGP /GVCNNGP CWEJ 5KNDGT VGKNU   XGTIQNFGV VGKNU XGTUKNDGTV CP &TGKGEMU QFGT $QIGPD·PFGTP KP IWVGP 'TJCNVWPIGP &C\W 7PICTKUEJGU   5KNDGTPGU 5KIPWO .CWFKU  WPF 7PICTKUEJG -TKGIUGTKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG  QJPG 5EJYGTVGT   LGYGKNUCO&TGKGEMUDCPFUQYKG\YGK/KPKCVWTGPCO$·PFEJGP 5VÒEM++




ÖSTERREICH

745

747 746 748 (1:1)



#WU\GKEJPWPIUPCEJNC­GKPGUÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJGP8GVGTCPGPFGU'TUVGP9GNVMTKGIUOKVUGEJU#WU\GKEJ- PWPIGP WPF FGWVUEJG (GNFUEJPCNNG   5KNDGTPG 6CRHGTMGKVUOGFCKNNG -CTN  -NCUUG 5KNDGT OKV   5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT5KIPCVWT-#765%* $TQP\GPG6CRHGTMGKVUOGFCKNNG-CTNOKV5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT 5KIPCVWT-#765%* -CTNU6TWRRGPMTGW\<KPM ¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJG-TKGIUGTKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNGOKV 5EJYGTVGTP   6KTQNGT -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G   7PICTKUEJG -TKGIUGTKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP   \WUCOOGPIGUVGEMV<WUCOOGPOKV\WIGJÌTKIGTFGWVUEJGT(GNFUEJPCNNGCPFGTLGFQEJCPFTKVVGT2QUKVKQP FCU $CPF FGU 'JTGPMTGW\GU HÒT (TQPVM·ORHGT UVCVV FGT ¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJGP -TKGIUGTKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG   CPIGDTCEJVKUVCP0CFGN 5VÒEM++





/KNKV·TFKGPUV\GKEJGPHÒT1HHK\KGTG7PVGTQHHK\KGTGWPF/CPPUEJCHVGP/QFGNN  -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG HÒT 1HHK\KGTG HÒT  &KGPUVLCJTG $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV VNY GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP &TGKGEMU   DCPF$9- ++







14&'0 &'4 &'765%*'0 $4ª&'4 &'5 *152+6#.5 705'4'4 .+'$'0 (4#7   <7,'475#.'/$<9*1*'4&'765%*'44+66'414&'0 2TKGUVGTMTGW\FGU&GWVUEJGP1TFGPU5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVFKG6TCIGÌUGOKVFGO$CPFTKPI CDIGDTQEJGPWPFHGJNGPF<- ++



)415524+14#6$¤*/'070&¤56'44'+%*$<9¤56'44'+%*&'5  5178'40'0/#.6'5'44+66'414&'05

*CNUMTGW\FGT,WUVK\1DQGFKGP\ DKU WPF'JTGPWPF&GXQVKQPU$CKNNKU)TQ­MTGW\G-QO- VWTGWPF4KVVGT#PHGTVKIWPIFGT(KTOC4QVJGKP9KGP)QNF IGRTÒHV VNYITCXKGTVVNYGOCKNNKGTV  VNY OKV )QNFRCVKPC FKG TÒEMUGKVKIGP -TGW\CTOG UGRCTCV CWUIGHÒJTV WPF CWHIGUGV\V QJPG   *CNUDCPF$9- FQTVHCNUEJDG\GKEJPGV <-QFGT 4++ 

&CU'ZGORNCTUVCOOVPCEJ#PICDGPFGU'KPNKGHGTGTUCWUGKPGTDGFGWVGPFGP(COKNKGFGUVKTQNKUEJGP#FGNU  &KG #WUHÒJTWPI FGU 1TFGPUMTGW\GU KUV XQP JÌEJUVGT 3WCNKV·V FKGU TÒEMUGKVKIGP -TGW\CTOGUKPFUGRCTCVCWUIGHÒJTV WPF CWHIGUGV\V 'U JCPFGNV UKEJ DGK -TGW\ WPF -TQPG WO GKPG #PHGTVKIWPI CWU FGO FTKVVGP 8KGTVGN FGU  ,CJT   JWPFGTVU OKV UVCTT CPIGDTCEJVGT -TQPG DGK UR·VGTGP#WUHÒJTWPIGPYCTFKGOKVVGNU<KGTÌUGCPIGDTCEJVG-TQPG DGYGINKEJ  CWHITWPF FGT HGJNGPFGP 2WP\KGTWPI XQP XQT  CNUQ XQT 'KPHÒJTWPI FGT 2WP\KGTWPIURHNKEJV     YWTFGKO)TQ­RTKQTCV$ÌJOGPWPF¤UVGTTGKEJFKGUQIGP&KUVKPEVKQPXQP,GTWUCNGOGKPIGHÒJTVGKPTQVWPFYGK­ GOCKNNKGTVGU 1TFGPUYCRRGP FCU CWH FGT 6TQRJ·G DGHGUVKIV YWTFG /KV FGT 8GTCDUEJKGFWPI FGT PGWGP )GUVCNVWPIU   XQTUEJTKHVGPHÒTFKG+PUKIPKGP)GUCOVQTFGPKO,CJTGYWTFGFKGUGU9CRRGPPWPOGJT\WOHGUVGP$GUVCPFVGKNFGT 6TQRJ·GFGT+PUKIPKGPFGT,WUVK\WPF'JTGPWPF&GXQVKQPUMNCUUG5QOKVKUVFKG#PHGTVKIWPIFGT6TQRJ·GKPFKG<GKV WPOKVVGNDCTPCEJGKP\WQTFPGPCNUYQJNFKGCNVG6TQRJ·GFWTEJFGP6T·IGTGTUGV\VYQTFGPKUV &KG *CNUMTGW\G UQYQJN FGT$CKNNKUFGT)TQ­MTGW\GFGT-QOVWTGYKGCWEJFGT4KVVGTFGT,WUVK\1DQGFKGP\ DKU   WPF 'JTGP WPF &GXQVKQPUMNCUUG UKPF KP )TÌ­G )GUVCNVWPI WPF #WUHÒJTWPI RTKP\KRKGNN KFGPVKUEJ 0WT FKG   $CKNNKUWPFFKG)TQ­MTGW\GXGTHÒIGPÒDGTGKPOKV&QTPGPTCPMGPDGUVKEMVGU*CNUDCPFFKG-QOVWTGWPF4KVVGTÒDGT GKPGKPHCEJGUUEJYCT\GU*CNUDCPF

189


ÖSTERREICH

749



)TQ­MTGW\FGT1DQGFKGP\WPF'JTGPWPF&GXQVKQPU$CKNNKU#WUHÒJTWPI OKV6TQRJ·G #PHGTVK- IWPIFGT(KTOC4QVJGKP9KGP5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP5EJWNVGTDCPF$9-

FQTVHCNUEJDG\GKEJPGV <- 44++



*GTXQTTCIGPFG #PHGTVKIWPI KP JQJGT 3WCNKV·V CWU FGPGT,CJTGPFKGUGTPWTUGNVGP\WHKPFGPFGP1TFGPKPUKIPKG <WGKPGOWPDGMCPPVGP<GKVRWPMV OÌINKEJGTYGKUG MCOFKG6TQRJ·GDGKFGT5EJ·TRGPFGMQTCVKQPKP9GIHCNN

750

751

<9'+6' 4'27$.+- 5'+6  

 190

'JTGP\GKEJGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FKG 4GRWDNKM ¤UVGTTGKEJ  /QFGNN UGKV   )TQ­GU 5KNDGTPGU   'JTGP\GKEJGP $TQP\G XGTUKNDGTV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP DG-   FTWEMVGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWKFGT(KTOC9QNHICPI4GKVVGTGTKP9KGP<- ++



'JTGP\GKEJGPHÒT8GTFKGPUVGWOFKG4GRWDNKM¤UVGTTGKEJ/QFGNN UGKV )QNFGPGU'JTGP\GK- EJGPHÒT&COGP$TQP\GXGTUKNDGTVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCP&COGPUEJNGKHG<- ++




POLEN

21.'0

753

752

752

'456' 4'27$.+-   

1TFGP 2QNQPKC 4GUVKVWVC =1TFGT 1FTQF\GPKC 2QNUMK?  /QFGNN OKV ,CJTGU\CJN        -QOOCPFGWTMTGW\ 5KNDGT   XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP   GVYCUXGTHNGEMVGPIQNFGPDGFTWEMVGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK<- 4++



+PGEJV5KNDGTPKEJVJ·WHKI\WHKPFGP&GTHÃ&#x2019;PHMNCUUKIG1TFGPKUVCO(GDTWCTFWTEJFGP5GLOFCURQNPKUEJG 2CTNCOGPVCNU\WP·EJUVXKGTMNCUUKIGTCDHÃ&#x2019;PHMNCUUKIGTCNNIGOGKPGT8GTFKGPUVQTFGPIGUVKHVGVYQTFGP9·JTGPF FGU <YGKVGP 9GNVMTKGIGU WPF FCTÃ&#x2019;DGT JKPCWU DKU \WO  &G\GODGT   YWTFG GT XQP FGT RQNPKUEJGP   'ZKNTGIKGTWPI KP .QPFQP YGKVGTXGTNKGJGP 5EJQP CO  &G\GODGT  KUV GT CWEJ XQO 0CVKQPCNGP RQNPKUEJGP   $GHTGKWPIUMQOKVGG GTPGWGTV WPF UQ CWEJ KP FGT 8QNMUTGRWDNKM 2QNGP XGTNKGJGP YQTFGP /KV &GMTGV XQO  #RTKN   UVGNNVG2T·UKFGPV.GEJ8CNGUCFKGWTURTÃ&#x2019;PINKEJG(QTOYKGFGTJGT



6CRHGTMGKVU-TGW\ $TQP\G OKV 6T·IGTPWOOGT  CWH FGT 4Ã&#x2019;EMUGKVG CO $CPF \WUCOOGP OKV   /KPKCVWTCPGOCKNNKGTVGT6TCIGURCPIG ++



ex 757 755 754

756



-QPXQNWV XQP EC XKGT 4GIKOGPVUCD\GKEJGP 8GTUEJKGFGPG /GVCNNG CWEJ 5KNDGT GKPGU OGJTHCEJ   IGRWP\V\YGKGOCKNNKGTVLGYGKNUCP5EJTCWDGPOKV5EJTCWDUEJGKDGPKPIWVGP'TJCNVWPIGP 5VÃ&#x2019;EM++



1TFGPFGT'TDCWGTFGU2QNGPUFGU8QNMGU=1TFGT$WFQYPKE\[EJ2QNUMK.WFQYGL?$TQP\GXGTIQNFGV WPFGOCKNNKGTV\YGK#DRNCV\WPIGPKPFGTTQVGP'OCKNNG<- ++





1TFGP2QNQPKC4GUVKVWVC=1TFGT1FTQF\GPKC2QNUMK?/QFGNN OKVFGT,CJTGU\CJN   -NGKPQF \WO )TQ­MTGW\ $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP 5EJWNVGTDCPF QJPG   $TWUVUVGTP<- ++



-QPXQNWVXQPEC\YGK'JTGP\GKEJGPEC#WU\GKEJPWPIUOKPKCVWTGPWPFXKGT#PUVGEMGTP+PXGT- UEJKGFGPGP /GVCNNGP VGKNU XGTIQNFGV VGKNU XGTUKNDGTV VGKNU GOCKNNKGTV CP $·PFEJGP QFGT CP 0CFGNP KP   QTFGPVNKEJGP'TJCNVWPIGP&C\WWPICTKUEJGU/KNKV·TCMCFGOKG#D\GKEJGP 5VÃ&#x2019;EM++





81.-54'27$.+-  



191


PORTUGAL

758 759

-¤0+)4'+%* $+5  



760

21467)#.

/KNKV·TKUEJGT1TFGP7PUGTGU*GTTP,GUWU%JTKUVWU=/KNKVCT1TFGOFG0QUUQ5GPJQT,GUWU%JTKUVQ?

DKU /QFGNN +PUKIPKGPFGTJÌJGTGP-NCUUGPOKVUQIGP*GT\,GUW&GMQTCVKQP  4KVVGTMTGW\ =%CXCNGKTQ? 0QTOCNCWUHÒJTWPI 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF DGKFUGKVKI GOCKNNKGTV OKP 'OCKNNG   EJKRUCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVGOKP'OCKNNGCWUDTWEJKPGKPGT-TGW\URKV\GCOCNVGP1TKIKPCNDCPF\WUCOOGP OKV/KPKCVWT)QNFDGKFUGKVKIGOCKNNKGTVDGKFGTUGKVU'OCKNNGCWUDTÒEJGCO$·PFEJGPKOCNVGP'VWKFGT (KTOC*CNNG[KP2CTKU<- ++



#NVGT 8QTPGJOUVGT WPF #WUIG\GKEJPGVGT 1TFGP FGU JN ,CMQDWU HÒT 8GTFKGPUV KP 9KUUGPUEJCHV   .KVGTCVWT WPF -WPUV =#PVKIC PQDKNÃUUKOC G GUENCTGEKFC 1TFGO FG 5 6KCIQ FQ O¾TKVQ EKGPVKHKEQ   NKVGT±TKQGCTVÃUVKEQ?  /QFGNN 1TFGPUMTGW\OKV5EJTKHVDCPF $TWUVUVGTP\WO )TQ­MTGW\ =)Tµ%TW\?  #WUHÒJTWPI OKV DTKNNCPVKGTVGP 5VTCJNGP  5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV 4ÒEMUGKVG   XGTIQNFGV #WHNCIGP VNY )QNF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT(KTOC5QW\CKP .KUUCDQPCP&QRRGNPCFGNKO1TKIKPCNGVWK<- 4+++



'ZGORNCTXQPJGTXQTTCIGPFGT#PHGTVKIWPIUSWCNKV·VCWUFGPGTGT,CJTGP



-ÌPKINKEJGT /KNKV·TKUEJGT 2QTVWIKGUKUEJGT 1TFGP 7PUGTGT .KGDGP (TCW \WT 'ORH·PIPKU XQP 8KNC   8K¼QUC=4GCN1TFGO/KNKVCT2QTVWIWG\CFG0QUUC5GPJQTCFG%QPEGK¼µQFG8KNC8K¼QUC?$TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGTXGTIQNFGV/GFCKNNQPCWHNCIGP)QNFGOCKNNKGTVCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPIFGT(KTOC *CNNG[KP2CTKUCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVGPGWPITQ­G4WPFMQRHPKGVGPCP0CFGNFKGUGOKV*GTUVGNNGTRWP\GFGT (KTOC *CNNG[ WPF HTCP\ÌUKUEJG )CTCPVKGRWP\G UGKV  HÒT GT 5KNDGT 'DGTMQRHRWP\G  OKV \YGK   UGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGPKOPKEJVMQTTGMVGP'VWK<- ++



761



-ÌPKINKEJGT /KNKV·TKUEJGT 2QTVWIKGUKUEJGT 1TFGP 7PUGTGT .KGDGP (TCW \WT 'ORH·PIPKU XQP 8KNC   8K¼QUC=4GCN1TFGO/KNKVCT2QTVWIWG\CFG0QUUC5GPJQTCFG%QPEGK¼µQFG8KNC8K¼QUC?1TKIKPCNGU 8GTNGKJWPIUUEJTGKDGP CNU 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG  \WT 4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP =%CXCNGKTQ? HÒT %CTNQU 8GTI¾   FCVKGTV .KUUCDQP CO  5GRVGODGT  OKV 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV XQP -ÌPKI .QWKU +     OGJTHCEJIGHCNVGVOKV2CRKGT2T·IGUKGIGN ++ %JCTNGU 8GTI¾ YCT 5VCCVUTCV#WFKVQT WPF %JGH5GMTGV·T FGT &KTGMVKQP FGT #WUY·TVKIGP 5GMVKQPGP FGT 9GNVCWUUVGN   NWPIXQP2CTKU9GKVGTG8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGPHÒT%JCTNGU8GTI¾UKGJG-CV0TWPF

192




PORTUGAL

762



'JTGP\GKEJGPFGT8GTGKPKIWPIFGT4GEJVUCPY·NVGXQP.KUUCDQP5KNDGTCOMWT\GP$CPFCDUEJPKVV ++



763 (1:1)

4'27$.+- 5'+6  

$CPFFGT&TGK1TFGP=$CPFCFCU6T¿U1TFGPU?/QFGNN  -NGKPQF5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPF VNYGOCKNNKGTVOKP'OCKNNGCDRNCV\WPIGPKO.QTDGGTMTCP\QJPG5EJWNVGTDCPF<- 444++ <YGKHGNUHTGKGU1TKIKPCNGZGORNCTCWUFGT8GTNGKJWPIU\GKVXQPDKU







&CU$CPFFGT&TGK1TFGPYWTFG\WUCOOGPOKVFGT7OYCPFNWPIFGTFTGKCNVGP4KVVGTQTFGP %JTKUVWU#XK\WPF ,CMQDWU1TFGP  KP 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP XQP -ÌPKIKP /CTKC +   IGUEJCHHGP WPF UGKVJGT XQO LGYGKNKIGP 5QW   XGT·PCNUJÌEJUVGTRQTVWIKGUKUEJGT1TFGPIGVTCIGP#DECKUVFKGUG&GMQTCVKQPCWEJCWUN·PFKUEJGP5QWXGT·PGP WPF 5VCCVUQDGTJ·WRVGTP XGTNKGJGP YQTFGP /KV #WUTWHWPIFGT4GRWDNKMYWTFGCWEJUKGCDIGUEJCHHV'TUVOKV FGTWOHCPITGKEJGP4GXKUKQPFGURQTVWIKGUKUEJGP1TFGPUYGUGPUFWTEJFGP'TNC­PGWGT5VCVWVGPOKV&CVWOXQO ,CPWCT  KUV FKG &GMQTCVKQP HÒT FGP RQTVWIKGUKUEJGP 5VCCVURT·UKFGPVGP CNU &GMQTCVKQP UGKPGT 'KIGPUEJCHV CNU   )TQ­OGKUVGT FGT RQTVWIKGUKUEJGP 1TFGP YKGFGT GKPIGHÒJTV YQTFGP FCU GT CWEJ CP CWUN·PFKUEJG 5VCCVUQDGTJ·WRVGT   XGTNGKJGP MQPPVG /KV )GUGV\FGMTGV 0T  XQO  0QXGODGT  YWTFG FKG 8GTNGKJWPIUOÌINKEJMGKV FGT   &GMQTCVKQPCPCWUN·PFKUEJG5VCCVUQDGTJ·WRVGTCWHIGJQDGPFKG&GMQTCVKQPDNKGDXQPPWPCPGKPFGORQTVWIKGUKUEJGP 5VCCVURT·UKFGPV CNNGKPG XQTDGJCNVGPGU +PUKIPKWO UGKPGT )TQ­OGKUVGTYÒTFG 5QNEJG FKG FCU $CPF FGT &TGK 1TFGP   DGTGKVU GTJCNVGP JCVVGP WPF PQEJ KO #OV YCTGP \ $ -ÌPKIKP 'NKUCDGVJ ++ XQP )TQ­DTKVCPPKGP  YWTFGP CWH   FKRNQOCVKUEJGO9GIGIGDGVGPFCU$CPFFGT&TGK1TFGPPKEJVOGJTCP\WNGIGP

193


PORTUGAL

ex 764 765



/KNKV·TKUEJGT %JTKUVWU1TFGP =1TFGO /KNKVCT FG %TKUVQ? UGKV    /QFGNN UGKV     )TQ­MTGW\5GV =)Tµ%TW\? DGUVGJGPF CWU -NGKPQF \WO )TQ­MTGW\ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF DGKFUGKVKI   GOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP5EJWNVGTDCPFWPF$TWUVUVGTP5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVVNYGOCKNNKGTVCP0CFGNFKGU OKV*GTUVGNNGTRWP\GFGT(KTOC%QUVCKP.KUUCDQP\WUCOOGPOKV/KPKCVWT5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKN NKGTVCO$·PFEJGPWPF-PQRHNQEJTQUGVVGCP0CFGNKOQTKIKPCNGPIQNFHCTDGPDGFTWEMVGP8GTNGKJWPIU GVWKFGT(KTOC(TGFGTKEQ%QUVCKP.KUUCDQP<- 5VÃ&#x2019;EM++





/KNKV·TKUEJGT%JTKUVWU1TFGP=1TFGO/KNKVCTFG%TKUVQ? UGKV /QFGNN UGKV -NGKPQF \WO)TQ­MTGW\=)Tµ%TW\?QFGT*CNUMTGW\\WO)TQ­QHHK\KGT=)Tµ1HKEKCN?QFGT-QOOCPFGWT=%QOGP FCFQT? ·NVGTG #PHGTVKIWPI 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV DGKFUGKVKI GOCKNNKGTV 8GTIQNFWPI PCJG\W XQNNUV·PFKI   XGTICPIGPQJPG5EJWNVGTQFGT*CNUDCPF<-QFGT ++



767 766





194

/KNKV·TKUEJGT%JTKUVWU1TFGP=1TFGO/KNKVCTFG%TKUVQ? UGKV /QFGNN UGKV $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­MTGW\5GV =)Tµ%TW\? QFGT )TQ­QHHK\KGT =)Tµ1HKEKCN? 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV VNY GOCKNNKGTV   8GTIQNFWPI GVYCU XGTDNC­V CWH FGT 4Ã&#x2019;EMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC %QUVC KP .KUUCDQP CP   0CFGN<-QFGT ++



/KNKV·TKUEJGT1TFGPFGUJN,CMQDWU=1TFGO/KNKVCTFG56KCIQ? UGKV /QFGNN UGKV  )TQ­MTGW\UGV=)Tµ%TW\?DGUVGJGPFCWU)TQ­MTGW\5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFDGKFUGKVKIGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIK- PCNGP5EJWNVGTDCPFWPF$TWUVUVGTP5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFVGKNYGKUGGOCKNNKGTVOKV0CFGNFKGUGCDIGDTQ- EJGP =RKP DTQMGP CYC[? \WUCOOGP OKV /KPKCVWT 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO $·PFEJGP WPF   -PQRHNQEJTQUGVVGCP0CFGNKOIQNFHCTDGPDGFTWEMVGP1TKIKPCNGVWK<- +++++




PORTUGAL

768



/KNKV·TKUEJGT 1TFGP FGU JN ,CMQDWU =1TFGO /KNKVCT FG 5 6KCIQ? UGKV    /QFGNN -QNNCPG   \WO -QOOCPFGWTMTGW\ =%QOGPFCFQT? DGUVGJGPF CWU  -TGW\ WPF  .QTDGGTMTCP\INKGFGTP 5KNDGT   XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV OKP 'OCKNNG#DRNCV\WPIGP OKV -NGKPQF 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GKPUGKVKI   GOCKNNKGTV WPF $TWUVUVGTP HÒT -QOOCPFGWTG 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG   *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPIFGT(KTOC(GFGTKEQ)FC%QUVCKP.KUUCDQPKOIQNFHCTDGPDGFTWEMVGP1TKIKPCN GVWKFGT(KTOCFC%QUVC<- 5VÒEM++



769 770





/KNKV·TKUEJGT1TFGPFGUJN,CMQDWU=1TFGO/KNKVCTFG56KCIQ? UGKV /QFGNN4KVVGTMTGW\ =%CXCNGKTQ?·NVGTGITÌ­GTG#WUHÒJTWPI5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFDGKFUGKVKIGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUV- DCPF<- ++



1TFGPFGU-QNQPKCN+ORGTKWOU=1TFGPFQ+OR¾TKQ%QNQPKCN?$TWUVUVGTP\WO-QOOCPFGWT=%QOGP FCFQT?5KNDGTDTKNNCPVKGTVVNYXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCP0CFGNFKGOKV*GTUVGNNGTRWP\GXQPFC%QUVC KP.KUUCDQPWPFHTCP\ÌUKUEJGT'KPHWJTRWP\GXQPDKU 5EJYCPGPRWP\G <- 4++

 195


PORTUGAL

ex 771

ex 772 773

774



1TFGP FGU +PHCPVGP &QO *GPTKSWG =1TFGO FQ +PHCPVG &QO *GPTKSWG? )TQ­MTGW\5GV =)Tµ%TW\?   DGUVGJGPF CWU -NGKPQF \WO )TQ­MTGW\ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP 5EJWNVGTDCPF   WPF $TWUVUVGTP  #WUHÒJTWPI  5VTCJNGP PKEJV GOCKNNKGTV  5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV VNY GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN   FKGU OKV *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G FGT (KTOC %QUVC KP .KUUCDQP \WUCOOGP OKV /KPKCVWT 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF   GOCKNNKGTV CO $·PFEJGP WPF \YGK -PQRHNQEJTQUGVVGP KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC   (TGFGTKEQ%QUVCKP.KUUCDQP<- 5VÒEM++



#WU #PNC­ FGU HÒPHJWPFGTVUVGP 6QFGUVCIGU XQP 2TKP\ *GKPTKEJ IGPCPPV FGT 5GGHCJTGT   UVKHVGVG   2T·UKFGPV#O¾TKEQ6QO±U  CO,WPKFGPUGEJUMNCUUKIGP )TQ­MQNNCPG)TQ­MTGW\)TQ­QHHK\KGT -QOOCPFGWT 1HHK\KGT WPF 4KVVGT D\Y &COG  PCVKQPCN MCVGIQTKUKGTVGP 1TFGP OKV CHHKNKKGTVGT \YGKUVWHKIGT   /GFCKNNG 'T YKTF HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO 2QTVWICN WPF KP FGT 8GTDTGKVWPIFGTRQTVWIKGUKUEJGP-WNVWT)GUEJKEJVGWPF 9GTVGXGTNKGJGP0KEJVMQOOGT\KGNNG+PUVKVWVKQPGPMÌPPGP'JTGPOKVINKGFGTFGU1TFGPUYGTFGP&KG1TFGPUUVCVWVGP GTHWJTGPWPFPFGTWPIGP





 196

8GTFKGPUVQTFGP=1TFGOFC$GPGOGT¿PEKC? /QFGNN OKV$'0'/'4'0%+#KO/GFCKNNQPTKPI !  )TQ­QHHK\KGTUUGV =)Tµ1HKEKCN? DGUVGJGPF CWU )TQ­QHHK\KGTUMTGW\ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF   GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF VNY GOCKNNKGTVCP0CFGNKO 0CFGNDQEM *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC (TGFGTKEQ %QUVC KP .KUUCDQP \WUCOOGP OKV /KPKCVWT   5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCO$·PFEJGPWPF<'+ITQ­GT-PQRHNQEJTQUGVVGOKV#WHNCIG KOIQNFHCTDGPDGFTWEMVGP1TKIKPCNGVWKFGT(KTOCFC%QUVC<- 5VÒEM++



1TFGPHÒT8GTFKGPUVGWOFKG8QNMUDKNFWPI=1TFGPFG+PUVTW¼µQ2WDNKEC?$TWUVUVGTP\WO-QOOCP- FGWT =%QOGPFCFQT?  /QFGN OKV GOCKNNKGTVGO /GFCKNNQP  5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPFGOCKNNKGTVCWH FGT4ÒEMUGKVG*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPIFGT(KTOC(TGFGTKEQFC%QUVCKP.KUUCDQPCP0CFGN ++



1TFGPHÒT8GTFKGPUVGWOFKG8QNMUDKNFWPI=1TFGPFG+PUVTW¼µQ2WDNKEC?1HHK\KGTUFGMQTCVKQP=1HK- EKCN?5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVCO$CPFQJPG4QUGVVGWPF6TCIGURCPIG<- ++




RUMÄNIEN

775



1TFGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FKG .CPFYKTVUEJCHV WPF FKG +PFWUVTKG =1TFGO FG /¾TKVQ #ITKEQNC G   +PFWUVTKCN?/QFGNN TGRWDNKMCPKUEJKP\YGK#DVGKNWPIGPUGKV #DVGKNWPIHÒT8GTFKGPUVGWO FKG +PFWUVTKG TQV GOCKNNKGTV  -QOOCPFGWTUGV =%QOGPFCFQT? DGUVGJGPF CWU -QOOCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP   5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVGFGU$CPFTKPIU*GTUVGNNGTRWP\GFGT(KTOCFC%QUVCKP .KUUCDQP CO *CNUDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN FKGUG OKV   *GTUVGNNGTRWP\GFGT(KTOCFC%QUVC<- 5VÒEM++



776

-¤0+)4'+%*   

47/0+'0

1TFGP %CTQN + =1TFKPWN%CTQN+?-NGKPQF\WO)TQ­MTGW\=/CTG%TWEG?OWVOC­NKEJG#PHGTVK- IWPIFGT(KTOC2CWN6GNIGKP$GTNKP5KNDGTVNYXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVXQTFGTUGKVKIGT/GFCKNNQPTKPI )QNF8QTFGTUGKVGP/GFCKNNQPOKVFGO2QTVTCKVYQJNIGIQUUGP  OKP'OCKNNGCWUDTÒEJGKPGKPGO-TGW\ CTO KP FGT 5EJTKHV FGU $CPFGCWU WPF KO TÒEMUGKVKIGP /GFCKNNQPTKPI CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG GVYCU XGT   UEJOWV\VOKV#NWOKPKWO5EJKNFEJGPOKVIGRT·IVGT0WOOGTQJPG5EJWNVGTDCPF<- ++  &KG CWH FGO /QPKVQTWN 1HHKEKCN WPF CPFGTGP 3WGNNGP DCUKGTGPFG XQP & #EQXKE RWDNK\KGTVG 1TFGPUOCVTKMGN &   #EQXKE .KUV QH TGEKRKGPVU QH VJG 4WOCPKCP 1TFGT QH %CTQN VJG (KTUV +P +PHQTOCVULG /CTEJ  5  HH  HÒJTV   KPUIGUCOV  +PJCDGT FGU )TQ­MTGW\GU CWH YQXQP  PQEJ FKG -GVVG GTJCNVGP JCDGP 8IN CWEJ 2CPMG[ % *   6JG 4Q[CN 4QOCPKCP 1TFGT QH %CTQN + +P 6JG ,QWTPCN QH VJG 1TFGT CPF /GFCNU 5QEKGV[ QH #OGTKEC      0T  5  7PF 9GDGT 9KNJGNO &CU TWO·PKUEJG 1TFGPUYGUGP WPF UGKPG \YGK TCPIJÌEJUVGP 1TFGP +P   1TFGPWPF'JTGP\GKEJGP  0T5 

197


RUMÃ&#x201E;NIEN

777



1TFGP %CTQN + =1TFKPWN %CTQN +? $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­MTGW\ =/CTG %TWEG? #PHGTVKIWPI FGT   (KTOC 2CWN 6GNIG KP $GTNKP 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV /GFCKNNQPTKPI )QNF 8QTFGTUGKVGP   /GFCKNNQPOKVFGO2QTVTCKVYQJNIGIQUUGP  CWHFGT4Ã&#x2019;EMUGKVG*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI2#7.6'.)' $'4.+0WPFGT5KNDGTRWP\GOKV*CNDOQPFWPF-TQPG<- ++ 

778



198

1TFGP %CTQN + =1TFKPWN %CTQN +? $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­MTGW\ =/CTG %TWEG? #PHGTVKIWPI FGT   (KTOC 4GUEJ KP $WMCTGUV 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV /GFCKNNQPTKPI )QNF 8QTFGTUGKVGP   /GFCKNNQPOKVFGO2QTVTCKVIGRT·IVCP0CFGNFKGUGOKV*GTUVGNNWPIUPWOOGT,CJTGURWP\G HÃ&#x2019;TFCU,CJT#4)HÃ&#x2019;T5KNDGT*GTUVGNNGTRWP\G4'5%*WPFTWO·PKUEJG2WP\GHÃ&#x2019;TGT5KNDGT XQPDKU -TQPGPRWP\G <- ++ 


RUMÄNIEN

779



1TFGP (GTFKPCPF + =1TFKPWN (GTFKPCPF +? 1TFGPUMQNNCPG =%NCP? DGUVGJGPF CWU  -TCP\   INKGFGTP FCXQP GKPGU FCU 8GTUEJNW­INKGF  WPF UGEJU DNCW GOCKNNKGTVGP FCXQP GKPGU 6TCIGINKGF FGU   -NGKPQFU  WPF UGEJU ITÒP GOCKNNKGTV /QPQITCOOINKGFGTP FCXQP FTGK OKV 'OCKNNGUEJ·FGP 5KNDGT   XGTIQNFGV VNY GOCKNNKGTV FTGK -GVVGPTKPIG GTI·P\V XKGT MNGKPG ¤UGP CP FGP /QPQITCOOINKGFGTP   CDIGDTQEJGPLGFQEJPQEJXQTJCPFGPWPF-NGKPQF5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTV 444+++++  8QPCNNGTITÌ­VGT5GNVGPJGKVWPFVTQV\FGTXQTJCPFGPGPIWVTGUVCWTKGTDCTGP'TJCNVWPIU'KPUEJT·PMWPIGPGKPG-TÌPWPI HÒTLGFGDGFGWVGPFG4WO·PKGPQFGT'WTQRC5COONWPI  

&GT 1TFGP YWTFG CO  /CK  KP UGEJU -NCUUGP IGUVKHVGV 'T UVCPF KO 4CPI CW­GT KP #WUPCJOGH·NNGP FGO   1TFGP%CTQN+ŌINGKEJ&KG<CJNFGT)TQ­MTGW\GYCTCWH 5GKVGCWH DGUEJT·PMV QJPGFKGMÌPKINKEJGP 2TKP\GP  5GKV FGO  ,WPK  YWTFG FGT 1TFGP PKEJV OGJT XGTNKGJGP 8IN CWEJ 9GDGT 9KNJGNO &CU   TWO·PKUEJG1TFGPUYGUGPWPFUGKPG\YGKTCPIJÌEJUVGP1TFGP+P1TFGPWPF'JTGP\GKEJGP  0T5 

199


RUMÄNIEN

781

780 (1:1)



1TFGP (GTFKPCPF + =1TFKPWN (GTFKPCPF +? $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­QHHK\KGT =/CTG 1HKtGT? 5KNDGT   VNYXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVOKPQDGTHN·EJNKEJG'OCKNNGEJKRU<- ++ 



/KNKV·TKUEJGT -TKGIUQTFGP /KEJCGN FGT 6CRHGTG =1TFKPWN /KNKVCT FG 4b\DQK /KJCK 8KVGC\WN?    /QFGNN OKV/QPQITCOO-ÌPKI/KEJCGNWPF,CJTGU\CJN -TGW\-NCUUG=%NCUC +++?$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOCNVGP1TKIKPCNDCPFTWO·PKUEJGT0·JCTV<- ++



782 (1:1) 783 (1:1)





200

1TFGP6TGWG&KGPUVG=1TFKPWN5GTXKEKWN%TGFGPEKQU?/QFGNN CD $TWUVUVGTP\WO)TQ­ QHHK\KGT=/CTG1HKtGT?5KNDGTVNYXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVTÒEMUGKVKIG/GFCKNNQP#DFGEMWPIHGJNVCP 0CFGNFKGUGOKV*GTUVGNNWPIUPWOOGT*GTUVGNNGTRWP\G*9FGT(KTOC9GKUUKP$WMCTGUV,CJ- TGURWP\GHÒTFCU,CJTWPFTWO·PKUEJG2WP\GHÒTGT5KNDGTXQPDKU -TQPGP- RWP\G <- +++++



'JTGPMTGW\ (ÒT 8GTFKGPUV =%TWEGC FG 1PQCTG 2GPVTW OGTKV? -TGW\  -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP   =%NCUC+EWURCFG?5KNDGTVNYXGTIQNFGV 8GTIQNFWPIVNYXGTICPIGP VNYGOCKNNKGTVCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPIFGT(KTOC*9GKUUCO#DUEJPKVVFGU(TKGFGPJCNUDCPF<- ++




RUMÄNIEN

784 785



1TFGP5VGTP4WO·PKGPU=1TFKPWN5VGCWC4QO³PKGK? CWEJ1TFGPFGU5VGTPUXQP4WO·PKGP  /QFGNN  -QOOCPFGWTMTGW\=%QOCPFQT?5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCWHFGO4CPF FGU WPVGTGP -TGW\CTOU *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI 4'5%* CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP OKV   /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI (GTFKPCPFU DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC ,QUGRJ 4GUEJ KP $WMCTGUV <-    ++



+PFGTHQNIGPFGP-CVCNQIRQUKVKQPYKTFFKGFC\WIGJÌTKIG8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGCPIGDQVGP



1TFGP5VGTP4WO·PKGPU=1TFKPWN5VGCWC4QO³PKGK? CWEJ1TFGPFGU5VGTPUXQP4WO·PKGP  8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG \WO -QOOCPFGWTMTGW\ =%QOCPFQT? HÒT *GPTK $QWUEJGV FG $GTPCTF FCVKGTV   $WMCTGUVCO/CKOKV2T·IGUKGIGNWPF7PVGTUEJTKHVIGHCNVGV ++ &KGFC\WIGJÌTKIG&GMQTCVKQPYKTFKPFGTXQTJGTIGJGPFGP-CVCNQI2QUKVKQPCPIGDQVGP







*GPTK$QWUEJGVFG$GTPCTFYCTWC2TQVQMQNN&KTGMVQTFGUHTCP\ÌUKUEJGP#W­GPOKPKUVGTKWOUWPFUR·VGT&KTGMVQT FGU $WTGCW F #FOKPKUVTCVKQP FGU 0¾GTNCPFCKUKP6QWNQWUG9GKVGTG8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGPHÒT*GPT[$QWUEJGVFG $GTPCTFUKGJG-CV0TWPF

786





787

1TFGP5VGTP4WO·PKGPU=1TFKPWN5VGCWC4QO³PKGK? CWEJ1TFGPFGU5VGTPUXQP4WO·PKGP  /QFGNN  1HHK\KGTUMTGW\=1HKtGT?5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCWHFGO4CPFFGUWPVG- TGP-TGW\CTOU*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI4'5%*COQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPFTWO·PKUEJGT0·JCTVOKVCWH IGNGIVGT4QUGVVG<- ++



1TFGP5VGTP4WO·PKGPU=1TFKPWN5VGCWC4QO³PKGK? CWEJ1TFGPFGU5VGTPUXQP4WO·PKGP  /QFGNN  1HHK\KGTUMTGW\=1HKtGT?5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVOKP#DRNCV\WPIGPKPFGT ITÒPGP 'OCKNNG FGU TÒEMUGKVKIGP 'KEJGPNCWDMTCP\GU CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF TWO·PKUEJGT 0·JCTV OKV   CWHIGNGIVGT4QUGVVG<- ++

 201


RUMÄNIEN

788 (1:1) 790

789 (1:1)



1TFGP5VGTP4WO·PKGPU=1TFKPWN5VGCWC4QO³PKGK? CWEJ1TFGPFGU5VGTPUXQP4WO·PKGP   /QFGNN   /KPKCVWT FGU 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\GU =1HKtGT? )QNF GOCKNNKGTV KO 4KPI HTCP\ÌUKUEJG   *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G WPF HTCP\ÌUKUEJG -NGKPG )QNF)CTCPVKGRWP\G UGKV  #FNGTMQRH  GOCKNNKGTV CO   QTKIKPCNGP$·PFEJGPOKVCWHIGNGIVGT4QUGVVG ++





1TFGP5VGTP4WO·PKGPU=1TFKPWN5VGCWC4QO³PKGK? CWEJ1TFGPFGU5VGTPUXQP4WO·PKGP  /QFGNN  #WUHÒJTWPIHÒT<KXKNXGTFKGPUV$TWUVUVGTP\WO)TQ­QHHK\KGT=/CTG1HKtGT?MNGK PGTG #WUHÒJTWPI 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV WPF TGRGTEKGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG   *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPIFGT(KTOC,QUGRJ4GUEJ(KNUKP$WMCTGUVCP0CFGNFKGUGOKVHTCP\ÌUKUEJGT'KP HWJTRWP\GXQPDKU 5EJYCPGPRWP\G *GTUVGNNWPIUPWOOGT,CJTGURWP\GHÒTFCU ,CJT#4)HÒT5KNDGT*GTUVGNNGTRWP\G+4FGT(KTOC4GUEJWPFTWO·PKUEJG2WP\GHÒTGT 5KNDGTXQPDKU -TQPGPRWP\G <- ++





1TFGP -TQPG 4WO·PKGPU =1TFKPWN %QTQCPC 4QO³PKGK? CWEJ 1TFGP FGT -TQPG XQP 4WO·-   PKGP /QFGNN  #WUICDG OKV-TQPGCWU5KNDGTKPFGP/GFCKNNQPU $TWUV UVGTP \WO )TQ­QHHK\KGT =/CTG 1HKtGT? 5KNDGT VNY GOCKNNKGTV OKP 'OCKNNGUEJCFGP KO /GFCKNNQPTKPI   CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC .GOCKVTG  (KNU KP 2CTKU 0CFGN WPF 0CFGNJCMGP   OWVOC­NKEJ GTPGWGTV GTUVGTG OKV HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT 'KPHWJTRWP\G XQP  DKU  5EJYCPGPRWP\G    <- ++



791







793 792

1TFGP -TQPG 4WO·PKGPU =1TFKPWN %QTQCPC 4QO³PKGK? CWEJ 1TFGP FGT -TQPG XQP 4WO·-   PKGP /QFGNN  #WUICDG OKV-TQPGCWU5KNDGTKPFGP/GFCKNNQPU -QO- OCPFGWTMTGW\=%QOCPFQT?5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPF<- ++



1TFGP -TQPG 4WO·PKGPU =1TFKPWN %QTQCPC 4QO³PKGK? CWEJ 1TFGP FGT -TQPG XQP 4WO·-   PKGP /QFGNN  #WUICDG OKV-TQPGCWU5KNDGTKPFGP/GFCKNNQPU 1HHK \KGTUMTGW\=1HKtGT?5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPFOKV4QUGVVG<- ++



1TFGP#WIWUV=1TFKPWN#WIWUV?/QFGNN OKV454KO/GFCKNNQP $TWUV- UVGTP-NCUUG$WPVOGVCNNXGTIQNFGVVNYGOCKNNKGTVOKV5KOKNKUVGKPGPDGUGV\VCP0CFGN<- ++



'KPGPYGKVGTGPTWO·PKUEJGP1TFGPWPFGKPG8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGHKPFGP5KGKO0CEJNCUU9KNNKCO$CNEM WPVGTFGP.QUPWOOGTPWPF 202


RUSSLAND

2:1

794

4755+5%*'54'+%* $+5  

794

4755.#0&

$TKNNCPVGPRQTVTCKV -CKUGT #NGZCPFGTU ++    Z  OO )QNF DGUGV\V OKV EC    &KCOCPVTQUGP CWH 'EJVJGKV IGRTÒHV  FKG -TQPG DGUGV\V OKV \YGK ITÌ­GTGP &KCOCPVTQUGP CWH 'EJVJGKV   IGRTÒHV WPFYQJNGKPGO4WDKPIFCU2QTVTCKVFGU-CKUGTUKPHGKPUVGT/KPKCVWTOCNGTGKCWUIGHÒJTV FKGTÒEMUGKVKIG#DFGEMWPIOKVFGT$GHGUVKIWPIHGJNV +++8  1D GU UKEJ JKGTDGK VCVU·EJNKEJ WO GKPGU FGT NGIGPF·TGP MCKUGTNKEJGP $TKNNCPVGPRQTVTCKVU JCPFGNV FKG FKG TWUUKUEJGP   -CKUGTUGKV/KVVGFGU,CJTJWPFGTVUCNU#WUFTWEMJÌEJUVGTRGTUÌPNKEJGT9GTVUEJ·V\WPIXGTICDGPWPFFCUCPGKPGT 5EJNGKHG OKV FGO $CPF FGU 5V #PFTGCU1TFGPU IGVTCIGP YWTFG QFGT PWT WO GKP CNNIGOGKPGU OKV &KCOCPVGP   IGHC­VGU MCKUGTNKEJGU 2QTVTCKV MQPPVG XQP WPU VTQV\ GTJGDNKEJGT 4GEJGTEJGP XQT CNNGO CWHITWPF FGU (GJNGPU FGT   TÒEMUGKVKIGP #DFGEMWPI OKV GKPGT GXGPVWGNN FCTCP XQTJCPFGP $GHGUVKIWPIUXQTTKEJVWPI NGKFGT PKEJV HGUVIGUVGNNV   YGTFGP

203


RUSSLAND

795 (1:1)



-CKUGTNKEJGT WPF -ÌPKINKEJGT 1TFGP XQO 9GK­GP #FNGT =Îðäåí èìïåðáòîðñêèé è êîðîëéâñêèé   ÁåëîãîÎðëà]-NGKPQF/QFGNN OKV-TQPGPRGPFKNKGP ZOO)QNFVNYHGKPUV ITCXKGTVGOCKNNKGTVIOKP'OCKNNGEJKRUKPFGP2GPFKNKGPFGT-TQPGCWHFGO4GXGTUOGJTGOKP MCWOUKEJVDCTGQDGTHN·EJNKEJG%JKRUKPFGTUEJYCT\GP'OCKNNGCWHFGO4GXGTUFGTTGEJVGP-TCNNG*GT- UVGNNGTRWP\G #- HÒT #NDGTV -GKDGN KP 5CPMV 2GVGTUDWTI CWH FGO 4GXGTU FGT NKPMGP -TCNNG FKVQ WPF   5CPMV 2GVGTUDWTIGT  <QNQVPKMK )QNFRWP\G XQP  DKU  WPF CWH FGO 6TCIGTKPI &QRRGN   CFNGTRWP\G FGT *QHNKGHGTCPVGP XQP  DKU  *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G #- HÒT #NDGTV -GKDGN KP 5CPMV   2GVGTUDWTI WPF 5CPMV 2GVGTUDWTIGT  <QNQVPKMK )QNFRWP\G XQP  DKU  QJPG 5EJWNVGTDCPF   4147<- ++  #WHITWPFFGT-QODKPCVKQPFGT2WP\GPN·­VUKEJFKG*GTUVGNNWPIU\GKVFKGUGU'ZGORNCTCWHGKPGP<GKVTCWO\YKUEJGP  ªDGTPCJOG FGT (KTOC -GKDGN FWTEJ #NDGTV -GKDGN  WPF  'KPHÒJTWPI FGT -QMQUEJPKM2WP\KGTWPI    GKPITGP\GP  

/KV 1VVQ 5COWGN -GKDGN   DGVTCV FCU GTUVG /KVINKGF GKPGT ICP\GP )QNFUEJOKGFG&[PCUVKG FKG TWUUKUEJG   $ÒJPGFGTUGNDUVCDGTPQEJMGKPG1TFGPHGTVKIVG5GKP0GHHG,QJCPP9KNJGNO  GTJKGNVKP0CEJHQNIG XQP'OOCPWGN)GQTIXQP2CPPCUEJ\WUCOOGPOKV9KNJGNO-·OOGTGTXQO1TFGPUMCRKVGNFGP#WHVTCI\WT*GTUVGN- NWPICNNGTTWUUKUEJGP1TFGP5GKP5QJP,WNKWU +XCP 'FWCTF-GKDGN  NGTPVGDGKUGKPGO8CVGTWPFYWTFG /GKUVGT0CEJFGUUGP6QFÒDGTPCJOGTUEJNKG­NKEJFKG(KTOCWPFYWTFGFCOKV'ZMNWUKXNKGHGTCPVFGU1T- FGPUMCRKVGNU#NDGTV-QPUVCPVKP-GKDGN  KUVKPFCU)GUEJ·HVUGKPG8CVGTUGKPIGVTGVGPWPFJCVGUPCEJ FGUUGP6QFÒDGTPQOOGP8QPDKUJCVVGGTCNUQHHK\KGNNGT1TFGPULWYGNKGTGKPGP'ZMNWUKX8GTVTCIOKV FGO1TFGPUMCRKVGN&CFGT8GTVTCIXQP#NDGTV-GKDGNOKVFGO1TFGPUMCRKVGNPKEJVGTPGWGTVYWTFGNKGHGTVGGT FQTVJKPPWTDKU 8IN)#6COOCPPKP6425HH  

&GTGKPGT.GIGPFGPCEJXQORQNPKUEJGP-ÌPKI9NCFKUNCY+.QMKGVGM  IGUVKHVGVG1TFGPYWTFGKO 0QXGODGT  XQP -ÌPKI #WIWUV ++ FGO 5VCTMGP -WTHÒTUV XQP 5CEJUGP   KP GKPGT -NCUUG GTPGWGTV   8QP <CT 0KMQNCWU + 2CYNQYKVUEJ   YWTFG GT OKV 7MCU XQO  0QXGODGT  WPVGT FKG TWUUKUEJGP   1TFGP CWHIGPQOOGP 5GKV FKGUGO <GKVRWPMV MQPPVGP IGO·­GKPGTLGYGKNKIGPRGTUÌPNKEJGP'PVUEJGKFWPIFGU<CTGP 4KVVGT FGU 5V #PFTGCU1TFGPU FKG FGP 9GK­GP #FNGT1TFGP PQEJ PKEJV GTJCNVGP JCVVGP FKGUGP INGKEJ\GKVKI OKV   LGPGOGTJCNVGP#O#WIWUVYWTFGPFKG1TFGPUKPUKIPKGPHÒT0KEJV%JTKUVGPIGPGJOKIV#O#WIWUV YWTFGP FKG -NGKPQFG WPF CO  1MVQDGT  FKG $TWUVUVGTPG HÒT 0KEJV%JTKUVGP IGPGJOKIV /KV MCKUGTNKEJGO   7MCU <CT #NGZCPFGT ++ 0KMQNCLGYKVUEJ   XQO  #WIWUV  YWTFGP IGMTGW\VG 5EJYGTVGT CWH FGP   +PUKIPKGP HÒT 8GTNGKJWPIGP HÒT 6CRHGTMGKV KO -CORH IGPGJOKIV 0CEJFGO GT  XQP FGT 2TQXKUQTKUEJGP   4GIKGTWPIÒDGTPQOOGPYQTFGPYCTYWTFGGTXQPFGP$QNUEJGYKMKCDIGUEJCHHV

204


RUSSLAND

796 (1:1)



-CKUGTNKEJGT WPF -ÌPKINKEJGT 1TFGP XQO 9GK­GP #FNGT =Îðäåí èìïåðáòîðñêèé è êîðîëéâñêèé   Áåëîãî Îðëà] -NGKPQF OKV 5EJYGTVGTP  /QFGNN OKV -TQPGPRGPFKNKGP     Z  OO   )QNF VNY HGKPUV ITCXKGTV GOCKNNKGTV  I OKP 'OCKNNGEJKRU KP FGP 2GPFKNKGP FGT -TQPG CWH FGT   NKPMGP-TCNNG/GKUVGTOCTMGÂÄHÒT9NCFKOKT&KPCMQYWPFCWHFGO6TCIGTKPI*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI ÝÄÓÀÐÄÚ FGT (KTOC 'FWCTF KP 5CPMV 2GVGTUDWTI /GKUVGTOCTMG ÂÄ HÒT 9NCFKOKT &KPCMQY WPF    <QNQVPKMK -QMQUEJPKM)QNFRWP\G XQP  FKG 4ÒEMUGKVGP FGT DGKFGP 5EJYGTVITKHHG   LGYGKNU-QMQUEJPKM2WP\GXQPQJPG5EJWNVGTDCPF447C<- 44++  &KG(KTOC'FWCTFYWTFG\YKUEJGPWPFXQP'FWCTF(GTPCPFQYKVUEJ&KGVYCNFIGITÒPFGVWPFNKGHGTVGUGKV FGO 4WUUKUEJ,CRCPKUEJGP -TKGI CNUQ CD  CNU QHHK\KGNNGT .KGHGTCPV FGU 1TFGPUMCRKVGNU \WUCOOGP OKV FGT #   #FNGTIGJÌTGPFGP(KTOC1UKRQX FGPITÌ­VGP#PVGKNTWUUKUEJGT1TFGP0CEJUGKPGO6QFHÒJTVGUGKPG9KVYG 8CTXCTC 2GVTQYPC &KGVYCNF FKG (KTOC YQJN DKU   YGKVGT WPF NKGHGTVG CWEJ PQEJ DKU \WT 1MVQDGT4GXQNWVKQP   1TFGPUKPUKIPKGPCPFKG2TQXKUQTKUEJG4GIKGTWPI 8IN)#6COOCPPKP6425 

797 (1:1)

797 (1:1) 1,5:1



-CKUGTNKEJGT 1TFGP FGU JGKNKIGP )TQ­O·TV[TGTU )GQTI FGU 5KGITGKEJGP =Îðäåí èìïåð±òîðñêèé   Ñâÿàòîãî Âåëèêîìó÷åíèêà è Ïîáåäîíîñöà Ãåîðãèÿ]  5V )GQTIU5QNFCVGPMTGW\ /QFGNN XKGT- MNCUUKI #WUHÒJTWPI  -TGW\-NCUUGZOO)QNFICWH FGO4GXGTUPWOOGTKGTV0uOKV-QMQUEJPKM2WP\GXQPDKUKPFGTNKPMGPWPVGTGP 'EMGCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVGFGUWPVGTGP-TGW\CTOGU6TCIGURWTGPQJPG$CPF&+# ++  205


RUSSLAND

798



-CKUGTNKEJGT 1TFGP FGU JGKNKIGP )TQ­O·TV[TGTU )GQTI FGU 5KGITGKEJGP =Îðäåí èìïåðáòîðñêèé   Ñâÿàòîãî Âåëèêîìó÷åíèêà è Ïîáåäîíîñöà Ãåîðãèÿ]  5V )GQTIU5QNFCVGPMTGW\ /QFGNN XKGT- MNCUUKI #WUHÒJTWPI  -TGW\-NCUUG5KNDGTCWHFGO4GXGTUPWOOGTKGTV 0uCPPGWGT2GPVCIQPCN$CPFURCPIGKP&&4#TV&+# ++



799 (1:1)



-CKUGTNKEJGT 1TFGP FGU JGKNKIGP #RQUVGNINGKEJGP (ÒTUVGP 9NCFKOKT =Îðäåí èìïåð±òîðñêèé   ÑâÿàòîãîÐàâíîàïîñòîëüíîãîÊíÿçÿÂëàäèìèðà]$TWUVUVGTP\WTWPF-NCUUG&WTEJOGUUGT OO 5KNDGT VNY ITCXKGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV VNY GOCKNNKGTV OKV 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG   &QRRGNCFNGTRWP\G FGT *QHNKGHGTCPVGP XQP  DKU  *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC -GKDGN KP   5CPMV2GVGTUDWTIWPF5CPMV2GVGTUDWTIGT<QNQVPKMK5KNDGTRWP\GXQPDKUCP0CFGNFKGUG GDGPHCNNU OKV &QRRGNCFNGTRWP\G FGT *QHNKGHGTCPVGP XQP  DKU  WPF *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT   (KTOC-GKDGNUQYKG5CPMV2GVGTUDWTIGT5VCFVRWP\GGVYCUXGTUEJOWV\V<- ++  &GTXKGTMNCUUKIG8GTFKGPUVQTFGPYWTFGCO5GRVGODGTXQP<CTKP-CVJCTKPC++ FGT)TQ­GP  IGUVKHVGVFKG5VCVWVGPCOINGKEJGP6CICRRTQDKGTV'TYWTFGPCEJFGO(ÒTUVGP9NCFKOKT+5YLCVQUNCYKVUEJFGO #RQUVGNINGKEJGPXQP-KGY  DGPCPPVQTFPGVG-CVJCTKPC++CPFC­FKGMNCUUGFGU1TFGPUCWEJ PCEJ  &KGPUVLCJTGP CNU #TOGG1HHK\KGT XGTNKGJGP YGTFGP MQPPVG YQDGK GKP UQNEJGT 8GTNGKJWPIUITWPF CWH FGP   -TGW\CTOGP CP\WIGDGP YCT #D FGO  0QXGODGT  GTJKGNVGP  -NCUUGP FKG HÒT 6CRHGTMGKV KO -CORH   XGTNKGJGPYWTFGPGKP$CPFUEJNGKHG  

9·JTGPFFGT4GIKGTWPIU\GKV<CT2CWNU+2GVTQYKVUEJ  PKEJVXGTNKGJGPYWTFGGTXQPUGKPGO0CEJHQNIGT #NGZCPFGT+2CYNQYKVUEJ  CO&G\GODGTGTPGWGTV#O#WIWUVYWTFGPFKG-TGW\GWPF CO1MVQDGTFKG$TWUVUVGTPGHÒT0KEJV%JTKUVGPIGPGJOKIV7PVGTFGO,WNKGTJKGNVFGT1TFGPPGWG 5VCVWVGP&GPGP\WHQNIGMQPPVGFKG-NCUUGCWEJPCEJ&KGPUVLCJTGPCNU#TOGG1HHK\KGTQFGTPCEJ'KPU·V\GP

-CORCIPG  QFGT PCEJ  'KPU·V\GP CWH 5GG CNU /CTKPG1HHK\KGT XGTNKGJGP YGTFGP YQDGK FGT LGYGKNKIG   8GTNGKJWPIUITWPFCWHFGP-TGW\CTOGPCP\WIGDGPYCT  

YWTFGFKG8GTNGKJWPIXQP$TWUVUVGTPGPKP/GVCNNQHHK\KGNNIGPGJOKIV/KVMCKUGTNKEJGO7MCU<CT#NGZCPFGT++ 0KMQNCLGYKVUEJ   XQO  #WIWUV  YWTFGP IGMTGW\VG 5EJYGTVGT CWH FGP +PUKIPKGP HÒT 8GTNGKJWPIGP   HÒT6CRHGTMGKVKO-CORHIGPGJOKIV  

/KV#DUEJCHHWPIFGT/QPCTEJKGXGTUEJYCPFCWEJFGT1TFGP

206


RUSSLAND

800 (1:1)



801 (1:1)

802 (1:1)

-CKUGTNKEJGT 1TFGP FGU JGKNKIGP #RQUVGNINGKEJGP (ÒTUVGP 9NCFKOKT =Îðäåí èìïåðáòîðñêèé   ÑâÿàòîãîÐàâíîàïîñòîëüíîãîÊíÿçÿÂëàäèìèðà]-TGW\QFGT-NCUUGZOO,WYG- NKGTUCPHGTVKIWPI KP UEJYCT\GT FWPMGNTQVGT  'OCKNNG )QNF GOCKNNKGTV  I HGKPUVG 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK   KPFGT¤UGOGJTHCEJRWP\KGTVWC5CPMV2GVGTUDWTIGT,CJTGURWP\GCWUFGP,CJTGPDKU NGV\VG <KHHGT HGJNV  /GKUVGTRWP\G (* OÌINKEJGTYGKUG XQP %JTKUVKCP (TKGFTKEJ *QGRRPGT WPF )QNFRWP\G   <QNQVPKMKQJPG*CNUDCPF<-QFGT ++  &KG/GKUVGTOCTMGN·­VUKEJCWHITWPFFGTGT,CJTGURWP\GCOGJGUVGP%JTKUVKCP(TKGFTKEJ*QGRRPGT\WUEJTGKDGP FGTKP5CPMV2GVGTUDWTIXQPDKUIGCTDGKVGVJCV 8IN)#6COOCPPKP6425 



-CKUGTNKEJGT 1TFGP FGU JGKNKIGP #RQUVGNINGKEJGP (ÒTUVGP 9NCFKOKT =Îðäåí èìïåðáòîðñêèé   Ñâÿàòîãî Ðàâíîàïîñòîëüíîãî Êíÿçÿ Âëàäèìèðà] -TGW\  QFGT  -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP  Z    OO YQJN #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC 'FWCTF KP 5CPMV 2GVGTUDWTI )QNF GOCKNNKGTV  I HGKPUVG   'OCKNNGOCNGTGK CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FGU WPVGTGP -TGW\CTOU WPVGT FGT 'OCKNNG YQJN WPNGUGTNKEJG   2WP\KGTWPIKPFGT¤UGHTCP\ÌUKUEJG+ORQTV2WP\G'6WPF5CPMV2GVGTUDWTIGT<QNQVPKMK-QMQUEJPKM )QNFRWP\GXQPDKUFKG4ÒEMUGKVGPFGTDGKFGP5EJYGTVITKHHGOKV-QMQUEJPKM2WP\GPXQP DKUQJPG*CNUDCPF<-QFGT ++ 



-CKUGTNKEJGT 1TFGP FGU JGKNKIGP #RQUVGNINGKEJGP (ÒTUVGP 9NCFKOKT =Îðäåí èìïåðáòîðñêèé   ÑâÿàòîãîÐàâíîàïîñòîëüíîãîÊíÿçÿÂëàäèìèðà]-TGW\-NCUUGOKV5EJYGTVGTPZOO )QNF GOCKNNKGTV  I OKV $CPF  HGKPUVG 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FGU WPVGTGP -TGW\CTOU   WPVGTFGT'OCKNNG/GKUVGTOCTMG#-HÒT#NDGTV-GKDGN8QTFGTWPF4ÒEMUGKVGFGUQDGTGP-TGW\CTOU OÌINKEJGTYGKUG CNV PCEJGOCKNNKGTV FCU TÒEMUGKVKIG /GFCKNNQPHGNF NGKEJV XGTFTGJV KP FGT ¤UG 6GKN GKPGT   <QNQVPKMK)QNFRWP\GCOCNVGP$CPFOKV5EJNGKHG<- ++

 207


RUSSSLAND

803 (1:1)

803 (1:1)

804



-CKUGTNKEJGT1TFGPFGTJGKNKIGP#PPC[ÎðäåíèìïåðáòîðñêèéÑâÿòîéÀííü³]/QFGNN CD  -TGW\  -NCUUG OKV $TKNNCPVGP  Z  OO )QNF FWPMGNTQV GOCKNNKGTV 5KNDGT DGUGV\V OKV    FCTWPVGTGKPITÌ­GTGT XQPWTURTÒPINKEJ $TKNNCPVGP XQPWTURTÒPINKEJ &KCOCPVGPKP#NVUEJKHH WPF  &KCOCPVTQUGP LGYGKNU CWH 'EJVJGKV IGRTÒHV   GU HGJNGP UQOKV  FGT ITÌ­VGP 5VGKPG   I   'OCKNNGOCNGTGK KP FGT ¤UG /GKUVGTOCTMG -5 HÒT -CTN 5EJWDGTV GKPG FWTEJ 8GTNÌVWPI VGKNYGKUG   WPNGUGTNKEJGGT,CJTGURWP\GWPF<QNQVPKMK)QNFRWP\GQJPG$CPF +++W+8  -CTN4GKPJQNF5EJWDGTV  CWU9GUGPDGTI 4CMXGTGKOJGWVKIGP'UVNCPF UVCOOGPFYWTFGKP5CPMV 2GVGTUDWTI )QNFUEJOKGFG/GKUVGT WPF GTÌHHPGVG KO INGKEJGP ,CJT GKPG ,WYGNKGTUHKTOC KP 5CPMV 2GVGTUDWTI 0CEJ   UGKPGO6QFHÒJTVGPUGKPG9KVYG5QRJKGIGD*GKPTKEJUGP  WPFDGKFGT5QJP'FWCTF,QJCPP   UGKPG (KTOC YGKVGT &KG (KTOC HGTVKIVG CDGT EC FGT /KVVG FGU  ,CJTJWPFGTVU CWEJ ,WYGNKGTU WPF ,WYGNGP   #WUHÒJTWPIGPTWUUKUEJGT1TFGPXQPJGTXQTTCIGPFGT3WCNKV·VCP 8IN)#6COOCPPKP6425H  

&GTGKPMNCUUKIG1TFGPFGTJN#PPCYWTFGXQP-CTN(TKGFTKEJ*GT\QIXQP*QNUVGKP)QVVQTR\WO)GFGPMGPCP UGKPGXGTUVQTDGPG)GOCJNKP#PPC2GVTQXPCGKPGT6QEJVGT<CT2GVGTUFGU)TQ­GPIGUVKHVGVÒDGTPCJOKJPUGKP 5QJP WPF 0CEJHQNIGT FGT KP\YKUEJGP TWUUKUEJGT <CT 2GVGT +++  IGYQTFGPG *GT\QI %CTN 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ PCEJ   4W­NCPF YQGTCWEJPCEJFGO8GT\KEJV-CVJCTKPCU++CWHFCU*GT\QIVWO*QNUVGKP)QVVQTRUXGTDNKGD'TUVOKVFGT -TÌPWPI XQP FGTGP 5QJP 2CWN + \WO <CTGP CO  #RTKN  YWTFG FGT PWPOGJT FTGKMNCUUKIG 1TFGP KP FCU   TWUUKUEJG 1TFGPUU[UVGO KPVGITKGTV  YWTFG FKG DKUJGTKIG  -NCUUG FGT 5V #PPGP5·DGN  KP FKG  -NCUUG   WOIGYCPFGNVWPFGKP-TGW\-NCUUGIGUVKHVGV7OECYWTFGFKG)GUVCNVWPIFGT+PUKIPKGPXGT·PFGTV YWTFGHÒTFKG+PUKIPKGPFGTWPF-NCUUGCNUDGUQPFGTGT)PCFGPGTYGKUFKG-TQPGÒDGTFGO-TGW\GKPIGHÒJTV KP FKGUGT (QTO DKU  XGTNKGJGP  WPF FKGFTKVVG-NCUUGHÒT/KNKV·TXGTFKGPUVGTJKGNVGKPGCWHFGO$CPFCPIGDTCEJVG 5EJNGKHG#NNG-NCUUGPDTCEJVGPWTURTÒPINKEJFGP'TDCFGNCDGTPCEJDTCEJVGPFKGDKU-NCUUGPPWTPQEJ FGP RGTUÌPNKEJGP #FGN  YWTFGP FKG 5EJYGTVGT IGUVKHVGV WPF FKG /GVCNNUVGTPG UVCVV FGT DKUJGTKIGP IGUVKEMVGP    QHHK\KGNN<YCTJÌTVGOKVFGO7PVGTICPIFGU<CTGPVWOUCWEJFGT1TFGPCWH\WDGUVGJGPYWTFGCDGTY·JTGPF FGU $ÒTIGTMTKGIGU XQP GKPKIGP )GPGT·NGP FGT UQIGPCPPVGP 9GK­GP #TOGG DKU KP FKG HTÒJGP GT ,CJTG YGKVGT   XGTNKGJGP



208

-CKUGTNKEJGT WPF -ÌPKINKEJGT 1TFGP XQO JGKNKIGP 5VCPKUNCWU =Îðäåí èìïåðáòîðñêèé è   êîðîë¾âñêèé Ñâÿòîãî Ñòàíèñëàâà]  /QFGNN   $TWUVUVGTP QHHK\KGNN CD   5KNDGT   4GXGTU XGTIQNFGV #WHNCIGP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV VNY GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG &QRRGNCFNGTRWP\G FGT   *QHNKGHGTCPVGP XQP  DKU  *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC -GKDGN KP 5CPMV 2GVGTUDWTI WPF   5CPMV 2GVGTUDWTIGT  <QNQVPKMK -QMQUEJPKM5KNDGTRWP\G XQP DKUCP0CFGNFKGUGGDGPHCNNU OKV &QRRGNCFNGTRWP\G FGT *QHNKGHGTCPVGP XQP  DKU  WPF *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC   -GKDGNUQYKG-QMQUEJPKM2WP\GGVYCUXGTUEJOWV\V<- ++ 


RUSSLAND

805



-CKUGTNKEJGT WPF -ÌPKINKEJGT 1TFGP XQO JGKNKIGP 5VCPKUNCWU [Îðäåí èìïåðáòîðñêèé è   êîðîë¾âñêèé Ñâÿòîãî Ñòàíèñëàâà]  /QFGNN   $TWUVUVGTP QHHK\KGNN CD   5KNDGT   4GXGTU XGTIQNFGV #WHNCIGP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV VNY GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGO 4GXGTU *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI   ÝÄÓÀÐÄÚ FGT (KTOC 'FWCTF KP 5CPMV 2GVGTUDWTI /GKUVGTOCTMG ÈË HÒT ,QJCPP .KPFUVGFV WPF   5CPMV 2GVGTUDWTIGT  <QNQVPKMK -QMQUEJPKM 5KNDGTRWP\G XQP  DKU  KP \YGK 5VGTPURKV\GP   -QMQUEJPKM2WP\GPXQPDKUCP0CFGNFKGUGGDGPHCNNUOKV-QMQUEJPKM2WP\GXQP DKU447<- ++  &GTFTGKMNCUUKIG CD&G\GODGTXKGTMNCUUKIG MÌPKINKEJRQNPKUEJG1TFGPXQOJN5VCPKUNCWUYWTFGCO/CK XQP-ÌPKI5VCPKUxCY++#WIWUV2QPKCVQYUMK  IGUVKHVGV /QFGNN WPFFGORQNPKUEJGP0CVKQPCNJGK- NKIGP5VCPKUNCWU$KUEJQHXQP-TCMCW MCPQPKUKGTV IGYKFOGV&WTEJFKGPGWGP5VCVWVGPXQO 0QXGODGTYWTFGGTXQP<CT0KMQNCWU+2CYNQYKVUEJ  WPVGTFKGMCKUGTNKEJTWUUKUEJGP1TFGPCWHIG- PQOOGP /QFGNN  5GKV FKGUGO <GKVRWPMV MQPPVG FKG  -NCUUG CWEJ OKV$TWUVUVGTPCNNGTFKPIUPWTCP#WUN·PFGT XGTNKGJGPYGTFGP  

<YKUEJGP  WPF  YKGUGP FKG QHHK\KGNN XGTNKGJGPGP -TGW\G#FNGTOKVYGKVCWUIGDTGKVGVGP5EJYKPIGPCWH  /QFGNN  #WUHÒJTWPI  FKG KPQHHK\KGNN UQICT DKU KP FKG GT ,CJTG JGTIGUVGNNV YWTFGP  JCDGP FKG FCOCNU   QHHK\KGNNGP1TFGPULWYGNKGTG-GKDGN-·OOGTGT+PUKIPKGPOKVPCEJQDGPIGTKEJVGVGP#FNGT5EJYKPIGPGKPIGHÒJTV  #NU DGUQPFGTGT )PCFGPGTYGKU MQPPVGP FKG  WPF  -NCUUG XQP  DKU  OKV MCKUGTNKEJGT -TQPG XGTNKGJGP   YGTFGP/KVFGPPGWGP5VCVWVGPXQPYWTFGFKG-NCUUGCDIGUEJCHHV+PFGP,CJTGPJCVVGFGT1TFGP PWT FKG  -NCUUG #O  #WIWUV  YWTFGP FKG -TGW\G WPF CO  1MVQDGT  FKG $TWUVUVGTPG HÒT 0KEJV   %JTKUVGP IGPGJOKIV  YWTFG FKG 8GTNGKJWPI XQP $TWUVUVGTPGP KP /GVCNN QHHK\KGNN IGPGJOKIV /KV MCKUGTNKEJGO   7MCU <CT #NGZCPFGT ++ 0KMQNCLGYKVUEJ   XQO  #WIWUV  YWTFGP IGMTGW\VG 5EJYGTVGT CWH FGP   +PUKIPKGP HÒT 8GTNGKJWPIGP HÒT 6CRHGTMGKV KO -CORH IGPGJOKIV #O  #RTKN  GTJKGNV FKG FTKVVG -NCUUG HÒT   /KNKV·TXGTFKGPUV GKPG CWH FGO $CPF CPIGDTCEJVG 5EJNGKHG #D WPIGH·JT FGO INGKEJGP ,CJT MQPPVGP IGO·­ GKPGT   LGYGKNKIGPRGTUÌPNKEJGP'PVUEJGKFWPIFGU<CTGP4KVVGTFGU5V#PFTGCU1TFGPUFKGFGP5V5VCPKUNCWU1TFGPPQEJ PKEJVGTJCNVGPJCVVGPFKGUGPINGKEJ\GKVKIOKVLGPGOGTJCNVGP  

+PFGT*KGTCTEJKGFGTTWUUKUEJGP1TFGPUVCPFGTCPWPVGTUVGT5VGNNGCDGTUGKPG-NCUUGTCPIKGTVGJÌJGTCNUFKG -NCUUGFGU5V#PPC1TFGPUWPFUGKPG-NCUUGJÌJGTCNUFKG-NCUUGFGU5V#PPC1TFGPUWPFFKG-NCUUGFGU 5V9NCFKOKT1TFGPU  

0CEJFGO GT  XQP FGT 2TQXKUQTKUEJGP 4GIKGTWPI ÒDGTPQOOGP YQTFGP YCT  /QFGNN  YWTFG GT XQP FGP   $QNUEJGYKMK  CDIGUEJCHHV  YWTFG FGT 1TFGP KP 2QNGP CNU JCNDQHHK\KGNNGT 1TFGP WPVGT FGO 2CVTQPCV FGT   MCVJQNKUEJGP-KTEJGYKGFGTDGNGDV

209


RUSSLAND

807

806 (1:1)

806 (1:1)



-CKUGTNKEJGT WPF -ÌPKINKEJGT 1TFGP XQO JGKNKIGP 5VCPKUNCWU =Îðäåí èìïåðáòîðñêèé è   êîðîëéâñêèé Ñâÿòîãî Ñòàíèñëàâà]  /QFGNN   ,WYGNKGTUCPHGTVKIWPI GKPGU -TGW\GU    -NCUUGOKVFGT-TQPG#WUHÒJTWPI #FNGTOKVPCEJQDGPIGTKEJVGVGP5EJYKPIGP )QNF PCEJGOCKNNKGTV /GFCKNNQP OKV \CJNTGKEJGP 'OCKNNGCDRNCV\WPIGP 4GXGTUOGFCKNNQP HGJNV #WHJ·PIWPI   WPUCEJIGO·­ TGRCTKGTV ¤UG WPMGPPVNKEJ RWP\KGTV FKG -TQPGPªDGTJÌJWPI )QNF VNY HGKPUV \KUGNKGTV   GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG 'OCKNNGUEJ·FGP KO -TQPGPDCPF KO $CPFTKPI VNY WPNGUGTNKEJG /GKUVGT   OCTMG!È,CJTGURWP\GHÒT<QNQVPKMK)QNFRWP\GWPFHTCP\ÌUKUEJG+ORQTVRWP\G'6 QJPG$CPF 44++++8 



-CKUGTNKEJGTWPF-ÌPKINKEJGT1TFGPXQOJGKNKIGP5VCPKUNCWU=Îðäåíèìïåðáòîðñêèéèêîðîëéâñêèé ÑâÿòîãîÑòàíèñëàâà]/QFGNN  4GFWMVKQPFGU-TGW\GU-NCUUG#WUHÒJTWPI #FNGT OKV UGKVY·TVU IGTKEJVGVGP 5EJYKPIGP     Z  OO )QNF DGKFUGKVKI GOCKNNKGTV  I   'OCKNNGOCNGTGKQJPGGTMGPPDCTG2WP\KGTWPICOMCPPGNKGTVGO$CPFTKPICOCNVGP$CPFUVÒEM 44++



'UJCPFGNVUKEJJKGTDGKVTQV\HGJNGPFGT2WP\KGTWPIOWVOC­NKEJWOGKPGHTCP\ÌUKUEJG#TDGKV

808



210

-CKUGTNKEJGT WPF -ÌPKINKEJGT 1TFGP XQO JGKNKIGP 5VCPKUNCWU =Îðäåí èìïåðáòîðñêèé è   êîðîëéâñêèé Ñâÿòîãî Ñòàíèñëàâà]  /QFGNN   -TGW\  -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP    #WUHÒJTWPI #FNGT OKV PCEJ QDGP IGTKEJVGVGP 5EJYKPIGP    )QNF GOCKNNKGTV  I OKV   $CPF  'OCKNNGOCNGTGK OKP #DRNCV\WPIGP KP FGT ITÒPFGP 'OCKNNG FGU .QTDGGTMTCP\GU /GKUVGTOCTMG   CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FGU QDGTGP -TGW\CTOU HCUV XQNNMQOOGP XGTICPIGP CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FGU WPVGTGP   -TGW\CTOU PQEJ 4GUVG FGT *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPIÝÄÓÀÐÄÚFGT(KTOC'FWCTFKP5CPMV2GVGTUDWTI \W GTMGPPGP TGEJVGT 5EJYGTVGTITKHH WPF &QRRGNCFNGT TGRCTKGTV LGFQEJ GKPG 2CTKGTUVCPIG WPF GKP   &QRRGNCFNGTMQRH HGJNV KPFGT¤UG<QNQVPKMK-QMQUEJPKM)QNFRWP\GXQPDKUWPFGKPG YGKVGTGPKEJVKFGPVKHK\KGTDCTG2WP\GCOYQJNUR·VGTGPRGPVCIQPCNIGHCNVGVGP$CPF<- +++++




RUSSLAND

810 (1:1)

809 (1:1)

809 (1:1)



-CKUGTNKEJGT WPF -ÌPKINKEJGT 1TFGP XQO JGKNKIGP 5VCPKUNCWU =Îðäåí èìïåðáòîðñêèé è   êîðîëéâñêèé Ñâÿòîãî Ñòàíèñëàâà]  /QFGNN   ,WYGNKGTUCPHGTVKIWPI FGU -TGW\GU    -NCUUGOKV5EJYGTVGTP#WUHÒJTWPI #FNGTOKVPCEJQDGPIGTKEJVGVGP5EJYKPIGP )QNF DGKFUGKVKI FWPMGNTQV GOCKNNKGTV  I OKV $CPF  KP FGT ¤UG ,CJTGURWP\G HÒT  WPF  <QNQVPKMK   )QNFRWP\G GTMGPPDCT UQYKG GKPG YGKVGTG PKEJV KFGPVKHK\KGTDCTG 2WP\G CO CNVGP 2GPVCIQPCNDCPF OKV   5EJNGKHG<- +++ 



/GFCKNNG(ÒTFKG$GHTKGFWPIFGT2QNPKUEJGP4GDGNNKQP$TQP\GOGFCKNNGJGNNG$TQP\G &WTEJOGUUGTOOQJPG$CPFFGWVNKEJG6TCIGURWTGP&+# +++



813

811 812







'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNGCWU#PNC­FGT9GKJGFGT5V+UCCMU-CVJGFTCNG\W5CPMV2GVGTUDWTICO /CK  )TQ­G #WUICDG &WTEJOGUUGT  OO XQP # .[CNKP WPF 8 #NGZGGX $TQP\GOGFCKNNG   PKEJVVTCIDCT$TQP\GVNYIGUEJY·T\VVNY#DTKGDGOKV4CPFFGNNGPWPFMNGKPGP-TCV\GTPOKV4CPFNQEJ GKPGTGPVHGTPVGP*CNVGTWPI -WIGNÌUG! &+# +++



'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG CWU #PNC­ FGT 'KPYGKJWPI FGU &GPMOCNU HÒT -CKUGT 0KMQNCWU + KO ,CJTG   KP5CPMV2GVGTUDWTI)TQ­G#WUICDG&WTEJOGUUGTOOXQP#$TWUPKV\[P$TQP\GOGFCKNNG PKEJVVTCIDCT$TQP\GVNYIGUEJY·T\VVNY#DTKGDGOKV4CPFFGNNGPWPFMNGKPGP-TCV\GTP&+# +++



'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG CP FKG 2CP4WUUKUEJG #WUUVGNNWPI KP /QUMCW  8QP . 5VGKPOCP WPF 5   8C\JGPKP $TQP\GOGFCKNNG PKEJV VTCIDCT &WTEJOGUUGT  OO $TQP\G 4CPFFGNNGP (GKNURWT WPF   5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGT&+# +++++

 211


RUSSLAND

817 816

814 815

4755+5%*'54'+%* $+5 #$<'+%*'0 

,GVQPFGU&COGPMQOKVVGGUFGU4QVGP-TGW\GUXQP5CPMV2GVGTUDWTIWPVGTFGO2CVTQPCVFGT)TQ­- HÒTUVKP /CTKC 2CXQNQYPC 5KNDGTPGT ,GVQP 5KNDGT VNY GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG )TCXWT FGU   0COGPUFGT6T·IGTKPWPF,CJTGU\CJN9,6 ++



&GT,GVQPFGTKP)QNFWPFKP5KNDGTXGTIGDGPYWTFGKUVCO5GRVGODGTIGUVKHVGVYQTFGP



'JTGP\GKEJGP FGT 1TVJQFQZGP $TWFGTUEJCHV FGU PKEJV XQP /GPUEJGPJCPF IGUEJCHHGPGP #PVNKV\GU   WPUGTGU#NNGTJGKNKIUVGP'TNÌUGTUCWH-COVUEJCVMC-TGW\5VWHG5KNDGTVNYXGTIQNFGV/GFCKNNQP- CWHNCIG)QNFVNYGOCKNNKGTVCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG/GKUVGTOCTMGÀÁWPFXGTUEJNCIGPG*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJ- PWPIGKPGT(KTOCKP5CPMV2GVGTUDWTIWPF5CPMV2GVGTUDWTIGT<QNQVPKMK-QMQUEJPKM5KNDGTRWP\GXQP CP0CFGN5#5 ++





#D\GKEJGP HÒT CWUIG\GKEJPGVGU 5EJKG­GP OKV FGO )GYGJT  #WUHÒJTWPI *QJNRT·IWPI OKV \YGK   -NGOOGP5#0T ++





0KEJV KFGPVKHK\KGTVGT 'KUGPDCJP,GVQP 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV  I HGKPUVG 'OCKNNG   OCNGTGKCWHFGT8QTFGTUGKVG0COGPUDG\GKEJPWPI+5-CPGIKUUGTKPTWUUKUEJGP$WEJUVCDGPCWHFGT 4ÒEMUGKVG&CVKGTWPI ++



820 818

819

70+10&'451<+#.+56+5%*'0519,'64'27$.+-'0 519,'670+10  

.GPKP1TFGP[ÎðäåíËåíèíà]/QFGNN QXCNG(QTO#PHCPIFGTGT,CJTGDKU'PFG 1T- FGPUFGMQTCVKQP #PHGTVKIWPI FGU /QUMCWGT /ÒP\JQHU )QNF 2NCVKP VNY GOCKNNKGTV  I CWH FGT   4ÒEMUGKVG*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPIWPFGT6T·IGTPWOOGTCPUQYLGVKUEJGT2GPVCIQPCN$CPFURCPIG *(<- ++  &KG8GTNGKJWPIUPWOOGTYGKUVCWHGKPG8GTNGKJWPIWOFCU,CJTJKP





212

1TFGPFGT(TGWPFUEJCHVFGT8ÌNMGT1TFGPUFGMQTCVKQP5KNDGTVNYXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCWHFGT 4ÒEMUGKVGUGEJUHCEJXGTPKGVGV*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPIFGU/ÒP\JQHUKP/QUMCWWPFGT6T·IGTPWO- OGT CP 2GPVCIQPCNDCPFURCPIG \WUCOOGP OKV YGKVGTGO $CPFUVÒEM KP QTKIKPCNGO .GFGTGVWK OKV   IGRT·IVGO5VCCVUYCRRGP*(<- ++



1TFGP FGU 8CVGTN·PFKUEJGP -TKGIGU =Îðäåí Îòå÷åñòâåííîé âîéíû]  /QFGNN OKV 5EJTCWDG WPF   5EJTCWDUEJGKDG   #WUICDG CD    #WUHÒJTWPI VGKNKI  5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV   )QNF CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGU /ÒP\JQHU KO /QUMCW WPF JQJG 6CWUGPFGT   6T·IGTPWOOGTCP5EJTCWDGOKV5EJTCWDUEJGKDG<- ++




RUSSLAND

ex 823 ex 821









ex 822

ex 824

/GFCKNNG(Ã&#x2019;T6CRHGTMGKV#WUICDG CPMNGKPGT6TCIGURCPIG #WUHÃ&#x2019;JTWPI OKVGKPIGUEJNCIGPGT 6T·IGTPWOOGT  5KNDGT 'OCKNNG PKEJV OGJT XQTJCPFGP CWH FGT 4Ã&#x2019;EMUGKVG6T·IGTPWOOGTCP 6TCIGURCPIG OKV 5EJTCWDG WPF 5EJTCWDUEJGKDG CWU #NWOKPKWO \WUCOOGP OKV DGUEJ·FKIVGO 8GTNGK-   JWPIUDÃ&#x2019;EJNGKP*( 5VÃ&#x2019;EM++



/GFCKNNG(Ã&#x2019;T8GTFKGPUVKO-CORH#WUICDG CPMNGKPGT6TCIGURCPIG #WUHÃ&#x2019;JTWPI OKVGKPIG- UEJNCIGPGT6T·IGTPWOOGT 5KNDGTVNYGOCKNNKGTVCWHFGT4Ã&#x2019;EMUGKVG6T·IGTPWOOGTCP6TCIG- URCPIGOKV5EJTCWDGWPF5EJTCWDUEJGKDGCWU/GUUKPI\WUCOOGPOKVDGUEJ·FKIVGO8GTNGKJWPIUDÃ&#x2019;EJNGKP HÃ&#x2019;TFGP5QNFCVGP1NGI9CUUKNLGYKVUEJ5CTKVUEJGYOKV2JQVQ*( 5VÃ&#x2019;EM++



/GFCKNNG(Ã&#x2019;T8GTFKGPUVKO-CORH#WUICDG CP2GPVCIQPCN$CPFURCPIG 5KNDGTVNYGOCKNNKGTV 'OCKNNKGTWPI XGTICPIGP CWH FGT 4Ã&#x2019;EMUGKVG 6T·IGTPWOOGT  CP 2GPVCIQPCN$CPFURCPIG \W-   UCOOGP OKV FGO <GKVDGITGP\VGP #WUYGKU HÃ&#x2019;T 9CNGPVKPC )GQTIKGYPC -WFTLCYKGYC XGTNKGJGP HÃ&#x2019;T   XQTDKNFNKEJG#WUÃ&#x2019;DWPIXQPOKNKV·TKUEJGP#WHICDGPFKGFWTEJFCU-QOOCPFQFGT(TQPVGTVGKNVYWTFGP KO -CORH IGIGP FKG FGWVUEJGP $GUCV\WPIUVTWRRGP FCVKGTV CO  ,WPK  OKV 7PVGTUEJTKHV XQP   /CLQT5EJNKMQY\YGKOCNIGHCNVGVWPFTGUVCWTKGTV*( 5VÃ&#x2019;EM++



#WU\GKEJPWPIUPCEJNC­FGU5QNFCVGP#NGZCPFGT/KEJCKNQYKVUEJ-QICTQYUMKOKVFTGK1TFGP$GUVG- JGPF CWU   1TFGP FGU 4WJOU  -NCUUG 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4Ã&#x2019;EMUGKVG   6T·IGTPWOOGT    &KVQ  -NCUUG 5KNDGT VNY GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4Ã&#x2019;EMUGKVG 6T·IGTPWOOGT      1TFGP 4QVGT 5VGTP 5KNDGT GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4Ã&#x2019;EMUGKVG 6T·IGTPWOOGT  CP   5EJTCWDG OKV GTI·P\VGT 5EJTCWDUEJGKDG <WUCOOGP OKV FGO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUDÃ&#x2019;EJNGKP   DGUEJ·FKIVOKVFGP'KPVTCIWPIGPCNNGTFTGK1TFGP 5VÃ&#x2019;EM++



ex 825



-QPXQNWV XQP EC1TFGPWPF'JTGP\GKEJGP7C1TFGPFGU4WJOU-NCUUGKPXGTUEJKGFGPGP /GVCNNGP CWEJ 5KNDGT VGKNU XGTIQNFGV VGKNU XGTUKNDGTV VGKNU GOCKNNKGTV MQTTGMVGP 2GPVCIQPCN   $CPFURCPIGP FCXQP HÃ&#x2019;PH \WUCOOGP CP 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG KP IWVGO <WUVCPF &C\W GKPG KPQHHK\KGNNG   #WU\GKEJPWPIFGTJGWVKIGP4GRWDNKMECHÃ&#x2019;PHGOCKNNKGTVG#D\GKEJGPVGKNUXGTUKNDGTVVGKNUXGTIQNFGVCNNG GOCKNNKGTV CP 5EJTCWDGP OKV 5EJTCWDUEJGKDGP KP IWVGO <WUVCPF WPF EC HÃ&#x2019;PH 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGP   QFGT DÃ&#x2019;EJNGKP WPF GKP HTÃ&#x2019;JGT UQYLGVKUEJGT 9GJTRC­ FKGUG OKV VNY UVCTMGP )GDTCWEJUURWTGP WPF   4GUVCWTKGTWPIGP 5VÃ&#x2019;EM++

 213


SCHWEDEN

826

-¤0+)4'+%*5%*9'&'0 

-ÌPKINKEJGT 5GTCRJKO1TFGP =-WPINKIC 5GTCHKOGTQTFGP? 1TFGPU-QNNCPGPVGKN DGUVGJGPF CWU \YGK  

XQPYQJNWTURTÒPINKEJFTGK )NKGFGTPOKVPCEJXQTPGIGTKEJVGVGP5GTCRJKO-ÌRHGP FCU6TCIGINKGFHGJNV  \YGK XQPYQJNWTURTÒPINKEJXKGT OKVNGKEJVPCEJTGEJVUIGYGPFGVGP5GTCRJKO-ÌRHGPFTGK XQPYQJN WTURTÒPINKEJXKGT OKVNGKEJVPCEJNKPMUIGYGPFGVGP5GTCRJKOMÌRHGPWPFCEJV XQPYQJNWTURTÒPINKEJ  &QRRGNMTGW\INKGFGTP $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV FKG 8GTIQNFWPI VGKNYGKUG XGTICPIGP FKG 'OCKNNG FGT -TGW\G   UVCTMDGUEJ·FKIVCNNG)NKGFGTVNYXGTUEJOWV\VWPFOKV-QTTQUKQPUURWTGP +8  'UJCPFGNVUKEJJKGTDGKWOGKP\YGKHGNUHTGKGU1TKIKPCNGZGORNCTWPFPKEJVWOGKPGFGTHÒPHKO#WHVTCIFGUF·PKUEJGP 5COONGTU-CK/G[GTJGTIGUVGNNVGP5COONGTCPHGTVKIWPIGP6TQV\FGTUVCTMGP'KPUEJT·PMWPIGPKPFGT'TJCNVWPIWPF CWEJ KP FKGUGO WPXQNNUV·PFKIGP <WUVCPF UVGNNV FKGUG -QNNCPG GKP DGFGWVGPFGU JKUVQTKUEJGU 1DLGMV FCT FC FKGUG CNU   RGTUÌPNKEJGU 'KIGPVWO FGU -ÌPKIU GKPGT UGJT UVTGPI YCJTIGPQOOGPGP 4ÒEMICDGRHNKEJV WPVGTNKGIGP 5Q YKTF \WO   $GKURKGN MQNRQTVKGTV FC­ FKG UEJYGFKUEJG 4GIKGTWPI PCEJ FGT *KPTKEJVWPI FGU TWO·PKUEJGP &KMVCVQTU 0KEQNCG   %GCWEGUEW  GKPGP5QPFGTIGUCPFVGPPCEJ4WO·PKGPIGUCPFVJCVWOFGUUGP+PUKIPKGP GKPUEJNKG­NKEJFGT -QNNCPG  FKG GT CO  0QXGODGT  DGK GKPGO 5VCCVUDGUWEJ KP 5VQEMJQNO XQP -ÌPKI %CTN :8+ )WUVCX IGD     ÒDGTTGKEJV DGMQOOGP JCV YKGFGT PCEJ 5VQEMJQNO \W DTKPIGP #NNGTFKPIU FÒTHVG FKG UEJYGFKUEJG 1TFGPU   MCP\NGKCPFGOJKGTCPIGDQVGPGP'ZGORNCTCWHITWPFUGKPGUUEJNGEJVGP'TJCNVWPIU\WUVCPFGUMGKP+PVGTGUUGCPFGUUGP 9KGFGTGTNCPIWPIJCDGP  

#O  (GDTWCT  UVKHVGVG -ÌPKI (TGFGTKEM + XQP 5EJYGFGP CWU FGO *CWUG *QNUVGKP)QVVQTR  KP 'TKPPGTWPI   GKPGU ·NVGTGP 5GTCRJKOQTFGPU FGT \YGKVGP *·NHVG FGU 5GEJ\GJPVGP ,CJTJWPFGTVU FGP GKPMNCUUKIGP 1TFGP 'PVURTG   EJGPFGKPGT'TMN·TWPIFGU5EJYGFKUEJGP4GKEJUVCIGUXQO,WPKFWTHVGGTCD,CPWCTCWUUEJNKG­NKEJ #WUN·PFGTP XGTNKGJGP YGTFGP 5GKV  FÒTHGP YKGFGT /KVINKGFGT FGT UEJYGFKUEJGP MÌPKINKEJGP (COKNKG KP FGP   1TFGPCWHIGPQOOGPYGTFGP

214


SCHWEDEN

827 (1:1)



-ÌPKINKEJGT5GTCRJKO1TFGP=-WPINKIC5GTCHKOGTQTFGP?$TWUVUVGTP/QFGNN OKV2CVTKCTEJGPMTGW- \GPCWHFGP-TGW\CTOGP 5KNDGTVGKNYGKUGHGKPUVITCXKGTV\KUGNKGTVWPFTGRGTEKGTVVGKNYGKUG XGTIQNFGV /GFCKNNQP\GPVTWO GOCKNNKGTV /GFCKNNQP#WHNCIGP )QNF FKG #WHNCIGP CEJVHCEJ XGTUEJTCWDV   CWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPIFGT(KTOC%(%CTNOCPKP5VQEMJQNOCP0CFGN<- ++ 

828



-ÌPKINKEJGT 5EJYGTVQTFGP =-WPINKIC 5X·TFUTQTFGP?  /QFGNN   $TWUVUVGTP \WO -QO-   OCPFGWT-NCUUG#WUICDG OKVINCVVGP-TGW\CTOHGNFGTPUGKV 5KNDGTVNYXGTIQNFGVVNY'OCKN NKGTVCWHFGO0CFGNDQEMOGJTHCEJRWP\KGTV WC%(%HÒTFGP*GTUVGNNGT%CTNOCPKP5VQEMJQNOWPF ,CJTGURWP\G ( HÒT   CP 0CFGN KO QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK XQP   %CTNOCP<- ++



#O  (GDTWCT  UVKHVGVG -ÌPKI(TGFTKM+XQP5EJYGFGP CWUFGO*CWUG*GUUGP-CUUGN FGP\WP·EJUV\YGK MNCUUKIGP -QOOCPFGWT WPF 4KVVGT 1TFGP\WUCOOGPOKVFGO-ÌPKINKEJGP5GTCRJKO1TFGPWPFFGO-ÌPKINKEJGP 5EJYGTVQTFGPTGQTICPKUKGTVG-ÌPKI)WUVCX+++FGP1TFGPKPFGOGTGKP)TQ­MTGW\UVKHVGVG YQDGKFKG+PJCDGT FKGUGT-NCUUG-QOOCPFGWTOKV)TQ­MTGW\IGPCPPVYWTFGP UVKHVGVGGTHÒT-TKGIU\GKVGPFKG-NCUUGFGT4KVVGT OKVFGO)TQ­GP-TGW\-NCUUGFGU5EJYGTVQTFGPU 4KVVGTMTGW\CO*CNUOKVCWHTGEJVUVGJGPFGO5EJYGTVCWHFGT NKPMGP$TWUV FKGFWTEJ-ÌPKI-CTN:+++WOFKG-NCUUGFGT4KVVGTOKVFGO)TQ­GP-TGW\FGU5EJYGTVQTFGPU

4KVVGTMTGW\ CO *CNU OKV IGMTGW\VGP 5EJYGTVGTP CWH FGT NKPMGP $TWUV  GTYGKVGTV YWTFG #O  ,WPKUVKHVGVG -ÌPKI 1UECT + FCU CHHKNKKGTVG 5EJYGTV\GKEJGP WPF FKG CHHKNKKGTVG 5EJYGTVOGFCKNNG HÒT 7PVGTQHHK\KGTG WPF /CPP   UEJCHVGP+O/CKYWTFG-CKUGT9KNJGNO+XQP-ÌPKI1UECT++GKPGIQNFGPG5EJYGTVOGFCKNNGXGTNKGJGPFKG \YCT GDGPHCNNU  IGUVKHVGV YQTFGP YCT CDGT PWT GKPOCN XGTNKGJGP YWTFG GDGP CP -CKUGT 9KNJGNO + XIN '8   5H -ÌPKI%CTN:8UVKHVGVGGKPGP$TWUVUVGTP\WO-QOOCPFGWTWPF-ÌPKI1UECT++WPVGTVGKNVGCWU #PNC­UGKPGT-TÌPWPIFKG-QOOCPFGWTGKP-QOOCPFGWTG-NCUUG OKV$TWUVUVGTP WPF-QOOCPFGWTG-NCUUG

QJPG$TWUVUVGTPCD-QOOCPFGWTIGPCPPV YQDGKNGV\VGTGDKU\WO5GRVGODGT#WUN·PFGTPXQTDG JCNVGPYCT$GTGKVUYCTGPFKGDKUFCJKPIGUVKEMVGP$TWUVUVGTPGQHHK\KGNNKP/GVCNNUVGTPGWOIGYCPFGNVYQTFGP FGTGP #TOHN·EJGP DKU  DTKNNCPVKGTV XQP  DKU  IGUEJWRRV WPF UGKV FKGUGO <GKVRWPMV INCVV YCTGP /KV   FGPPGWGP5VCWVGPXQO0QXGODGTYWTFGCWEJFKG4KVVGTMNCUUGKP4KVVGT-NCUUGWPF4KVVGT-NCUUG CD 4KVVGTIGPCPPV WPVGTVGKNVYQDGKNGV\VGTG\WP·EJUVGDGPHCNNUPWT#WUN·PFGTPXQTDGJCNVGPYCTYWTFGFCU 5EJYGTV\GKEJGP QJPG 5EJYGTVGT XQP -ÌPKI 1UECT ++ IGUVKHVGV #O  /·T\  GTNKG­ -ÌPKI)WUVCX8+#FQNH PGWG 5VCVWVGP OKV FGPGP HÒT -TKGIU\GKVGP GKP FTGKMNCUUKIGU CHHKNKKGTVGU -TKGIUMTGW\ FGU 5EJYGTVQTFGPU IGUVKHVGV   YWTFG#WH$GUEJNW­FGU5EJYGFKUEJGP4GKEJUVCIGUXQO,WPKYWTFGFKG8GTNGKJWPIFGU5EJYGTVQTFGPUOKV 9KTMWPIXQO,CPWCTIGPGTGNNGKPIGUVGNNV

215


SCHWEDEN

ex 830

832 829

831



-ÌPKINKEJGT 5EJYGTVQTFGP =-WPINKIC 5X·TFUTQTFGP?  /QFGNN   -QOOCPFGWTMTGW\   5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV /GFCKNNQPU )QNF GOCKNNKGTV CO IGVTCIGPGP *CNUDCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK   FGT(KTOC%(%CTNOCPKP5VQEMJQNO<- ++



&KGUR·VGP#WUHÒJTWPIGPKP5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVUKPFYGKVCWUUGNVGPGT\WHKPFGPCNUFKGGEJVIQNFGPGP





-ÌPKINKEJGT 5EJYGTVQTFGP =-WPINKIC 5X·TFUTQTFGP?  /QFGNN   4KVVGTMTGW\ CD    4KVVGTMTGW\-NCUUG )QNFGOCKNNKGTVICWHFGO4CPFFGUTGEJVGPWPVGTGP-TGW\CTOUOGJTHCEJ RWP\KGTVWC%(%HÒTFGP*GTUVGNNGT%(%CTNOCPKP5VQEMJQNO-HÒTEV)QNFQJPG,CJ- TGURWP\GCO$CPF\WUCOOGPOKV/KPKCVWT)QNFGOCKNNKGTVCO$·PFEJGPKOQTKIKPCNGP8GTNGKJWPIU GVWKFGT(KTOC%CTNOCPKP5VQEMJQNO<- 5VÒEM+++



-ÌPKINKEJGT 5EJYGTVQTFGP =-WPINKIC 5X·TFUTQTFGP?  /QFGNN   4KVVGTMTGW\  -NCUUG   5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCO$TWUVDCPFOKV0CFGNKOQTKIKPCNGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWKFGT(KTOC%CTN- OCPKP5VQEMJQNO<- ++



&KGUR·VGP#WUHÒJTWPIGPKP5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVUKPFYGKVCWUUGNVGPGT\WHKPFGPCNUFKGGEJVIQNFGPGP



-ÌPKINKEJGT 9CUC1TFGP =-WPINKIC 8CUCQTFGP?  /QFGNN   $TWUVUVGTP \WO   -QOOCPFGWT  -NCUUG  #WUICDG OKV IGUEJWRRVGP -TGW\CTOHGNFGTP    5KNDGT KO   0CFGNDQEM OGJTHCEJ RWP\KGTV W C %(% HÒT FGP *GTUVGNNGT % ( %CTNOCP KP 5VQEMJQNO 5 HÒT   5KNDGTWPF,CJTGURWP\G+HÒT CP0CFGNKOQTKIKPCNGPIQNFHCTDGPDGFTWEMVGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT(KTOC%(%CTNOCPKP5VQEMJQNO<- ++ )GUVKHVGV CO  /CK  XQP -ÌPKI )WUVCX +++   CNU \WP·EJUV FTGKMNCUUKIGT -QOOCPFGWT OKV   )TQ­MTGW\ -QOOCPFGWT 4KVVGT  1TFGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FKG .CPFYKTVUEJCHV *CPFGN )GYGTDG WPF +PFWUVTKG   -WPUV WPF 9KUUGPUEJCHV &WTEJ -ÌPKI 1UECT + GTJKGNVGP  FCU -NGKPQF FGU )TQ­MTGW\GU WPF FKG   -QOOCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP LGYGKNU GKPG MÌPKINKEJG -TQPG CNU ªDGTJÌJWPI #O  #RTKN  TGQTICPKUKGTVG -ÌPKI   %CTN:8  FGP1TFGPICDFGP+PUKIPKGPGKPG)GUVCNVWPFHÒJTVGGKPGP$TWUVUVGTP\WO-QOOCPFGWTGKP #WU #PNC­ UGKPGT -TÌPWPI VGKNVG -ÌPKI 1UECT ++    FKG -QOOCPFGWTMNCUUG KP -QOOCPFGWTG    -NCUUG OKV $TWUVUVGTP  WPF -QOOCPFGWTG  -NCUUG QJPG $TWUVUVGTP CD  -QOOCPFGWT IGPCPPV  YQDGK   NGV\VGTG DKU \WO  5GRVGODGT  #WUN·PFGTP XQTDGJCNVGP YCT $GTGKVU  YCTGP FKG DKU FCJKP IGUVKEMVGP   $TWUVUVGTPG QHHK\KGNN KP /GVCNNUVGTPG WOIGYCPFGNV YQTFGP FGTGP #TOHN·EJGP DKU  DTKNNCPVKGTV XQP  DKU   IGUEJWRRVWPFUGKVFKGUGO<GKVRWPMVINCVVYCTGP/KVFGPPGWGP5VCWVGPXQO0QXGODGTYWTFGCWEJ FKG4KVVGTMNCUUGKP4KVVGT-NCUUGWPF4KVVGT-NCUUG CD4KVVGTIGPCPPV WPVGTVGKNVYQDGKNGV\VGTG\WP·EJUV GDGPHCNNU PWT #WUN·PFGTP XQTDGJCNVGP YCT #O  0QXGODGT  UVKHVGVG 1UECT ++ FCU 9CUC\GKEJGP WPF FKG   OGJTUVWHKIG 9CUC/GFCKNNG KP )QNF WPF 5KNDGT #O  ,WPK  DGUEJNQ­ FGT 4GKEJUVCI FCU UEJYGFKUEJG   2CTNCOGPVFC­FKGUEJYGFKUEJGP1TFGPWPFUQOKVCWEJFGT9CUC1TFGPMÒPHVKIPWTPQEJ#WUN·PFGTPXQTDGJCNVGP UGK WPF OKV FGP PGWGP 5VCVWVGP FGT UEJYGFKUEJGP 1TFGP XQO  #WIWUV  YWTFG FKG 8GTNGKJWPI FGU 9CUC   1TFGPU YKGCWEJFGU5EJYGTVQTFGPU IGPGTGNNGKPIGUVGNNV

216




SCHWEDEN

ex 833



-ÌPKINKEJGT 9CUC1TFGP =-WPINKIC 8CUCQTFGP? 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG \WO -QOOCPFGWTMTGW\    -NCUUGHÒT,GCP.QW[\KCE7PVGTFKTGMVQTKOHTCP\ÌUKUEJGP*CPFGNUOKPKUVGTKWOKP2CTKUFCVKGT5VQEMJQNO CO  &G\GODGT  OKV 2CRKGT2T·IGUKGIGN WPF 7PVGTUEJTKHVGP IGHCNVGV \WUCOOGP OKV +PUVTWM   VKQPGPDGVTGHHGPFFKG4ÒEMUVGNNWPIFGT1TFGPUKPUKIPKGP 5VÒEM++



836

834 835

837



'JTGP\GKEJGPHÒT)TGPCFKGTG/QFGNN OKV+PUEJTKHV#()756#8+8#&1.2*  XCTKCPVG#WUHÒJTWPIQJPGFKG-TQPGPCWHFGT8QTFGTUGKVGQJPG$CPF#4XCT ++





#D\GKEJGPFGT5EJYGFKUEJGP0CVKQPCNUCOONWPI\WO)GDWTVUVCI-ÌPKI)WUVCXU8   CO,WPK$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVCP0CFGN 4++





9CUC'JTGP\GKEJGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FKG 5EJCWURKGNMWPUV 'JTGP\GKEJGP $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV OKV   8GTNGKJWPIUITCXWT 0u   #PFGTU 5CPFTGY   CO $TWUVDCPF \WUCOOGP OKV /KPKCVWT XGT   IQNFGVCO$·PFEJGPKO'VWK ++



#PFGTU5CPFTGY  YCTFGT)TÒPFGTFGUITÌ­VGPUEJYGFKUEJGP6JGCVGTWPF(KNOMQP\GTPU5CPFTGY



'JTGPCD\GKEJGPFGU5EJYGFKUEJGP4QVGP-TGW\GU=5XGPUMC4ÌFC-QTUGV#GTGVGEMGP?5KNDGTXGTIQN- FGVWPFVNYGOCKNNKGTVCWH$CPFMTGW\CWHIGNGIVCP0CFGNKOQTKIKPCNGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWKFGU-ÌPKINKEJGP *QHLWYGNKGTU)WUVCX/ÌNNGPDQTIKP5VQEMJQNO ++

 217


SCHWEDEN

838



)TQ­G 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG FGU /CLQTU ,QJP #NVUVGTOCTM OKV  1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP        5EJYGFKUEJG'JTGP\GKEJGPWPF/GFCKNNGPWCFGT*GKOYGJTWPFXGTUEJKGFGPGT8GTD·PFGCWU¤TGDTQ WPF*CNNCPFVGKNU5KNDGTD\Y5KNDGTXGTIQNFGV RWP\KGTV VGKNUXGTIQNFGVVGKNUOKV0COGPUITCXWTGP  VJKQRKGP 1TFGP FGU 5VGTPU XQP VJKQRKGP  /QFGNN 1HHK\KGTUFGMQTCVKQP $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV $CPF   OKV CWHIGNGIVGT 4QUGVVG FCTCWH DGHGUVKIV FKG ªDGTJÌJWPI FGT &GMQTCVKQP   (ÒTUVNKEJG (COKNKG XQP   *QJGP\QNNGTP (ÒTUVNKEJGT *CWUQTFGP XQP *QJGP\QNNGTP 'JTGPMTGW\  -NCUUG 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF   GOCKNNKGTV (KPPNCPF4KVVGTQTFGPFGT(KPPKUEJGP9GK­GP4QUG4KVVGTMTGW\-NCUUG#WUHÒJTWPI

OKV JQTK\QPVCN CPIGNÌVGVGT ¤UG  UGKV   5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV KP FGT ¤UG OGJTHCEJ   RWP\KGTV W C #6 HÒT FKG (KTOC # 6KNNCPFGT KP *GNUKPMK WPF 5KNDGTRWP\G *  $CPF OKV   CWHIGNGIVGT4QUGVVG &·PGOCTM8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNGFGT&·PKUEJGP*GKOYGJT5KNDGT#P0CFGN  5VÒEM4++ $GKO 'JTGPMTGW\  -NCUUG FGU *CWUQTFGP XQP *QJGP\QNNGTP FÒTHVG GU UKEJ WO GKPG #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC   )GDTÒFGT *GOOGTNG KP /ÒPEJGP CWU FGT 4GIKGTWPIU\GKV XQP (ÒTUV (TKGFTKEJ XQP *QJGP\QNNGTP     JCPFGNPFGTXQPDKU\WUGKPGO6QFG%JGHFGUHÒTUVNKEJGP*CWUGUXQP*QJGP\QNNGTPYCT.CWV.KPMWPF )CWIIGN KP .0. 5   UKPF KP FKGUGT <GKV PWT  'JTGPMTGW\G  -NCUUG XGTNKGJGP YQTFGP YCU UKG KP FKGUGT   NGV\VGP#WUHÒJTWPIÒDGTCWUUGNVGPOCEJV 





&KG/KPKCVWTGPUEJPCNNGFKGUGU6T·IGTUDKGVGPYKTWPVGTFGT-CV0TCP

839



)TQ­G 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG OKV HÒPH XQPWTURTÒPINKEJUGEJU#WU\GKEJPWPIGP 5EJYGFGPNGGTGU$CPF GKPGU 4KVVGTMTGW\GU FGU 0QTFUVGTPQTFGPU   &·PGOCTM (TGKJGKVU/GFCKNNG -ÌPKI %JTKUVKCPU : 241   &#0+#  5KNDGT   (KPPNCPF 1TFGP FGU (TGKJGKVUMTGW\GU  /QFGNN OKV FGT ,CJTGU\CJN    -TGW\-NCUUGOKVFGO4QVGP-TGW\CO\KXKNGP IGNDGP $CPF (KPPNCPF/GFCKNNG2TQ $GPKIPKVCVG *WOCPC $TQP\G   (KPPNCPF /GFCKNNG FGT <KXKNXGTVGKFKIWPI  -NCUUG $TQP\G XGT   UKNDGTV (TCPMTGKEJ0CVKQPCNGT1TFGPFGT'JTGPNGIKQP/QFGNN OKV/CTKCPPGWPFCWH FGO#XGTU/GFCKNNQPFGT1TFGPUFGMQTCVKQPWPFFGU$TWUVUVGTPU 4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP5KNDGT VNYXGTIQNFGV'OCKNNGDGUEJ·FKIWPIGP#P0CFGN 5VÒEM4+++++++ .CWV *CPMKOQ KP (- 5   UKPF XQO /QFGNNFGU(TGKJGKVUMTGW\GUPWT-TGW\G-NCUUGOKVFGO4QVGP -TGW\XGTNKGJGPYQTFGPYQDGKFKGOGKUVGP8GTNGKJWPIGPCOTQVGP/KNKV·TDCPFGTHQNIVGP  

&KG/KPKCVWTGPUEJPCNNGFKGUGU6T·IGTUDKGVGPYKTWPVGTFGT-CV0TCP

218




SCHWEDEN

840



)TQ­G 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG GKPGU UEJYGFKUEJGP 1HHK\KGTU OKV XKGT XQP WTURTÒPINKEJ UGEJU #WU\GKEJ   PWPIGP   5EJYGFGP .GGTGU $CPF FGU 5EJYGTV1TFGPU   &·PGOCTM .GGTGU $CPF FGU &CPPGDTQI  1TFGPU   (KPPNCPF 1TFGP FGU (TGKJGKVUMTGW\GU  /QFGNN OKV FGT ,CJTGU\CJN   -TGW\    -NCUUG QJPG 5EJYGTVGT    (KPPNCPF 'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG CP FGP $GHTGKWPIUMTKGI OKV *GTUVGNNGT   RWP\G5%QFGT(KTOC%%5RQTTQPI%QKP5VQEMJQNO +VCNKGP5V/CWTKVKWUWPF.C\CTWU 1TFGP4KVVGTMTGW\)QNFGOCKNNKGTV 4WUUKUEJGU4GKEJ5V5VCPKUNCWU1TFGP/QFGNN   -TGW\ FGT  -NCUUG  #WUHÒJTWPI   )QNF GOCKNNKGTV 2WP\KGTWPIGP PKEJV GTMGPPDCT /KV   $QIGPD·PFGTPKP·NVGTGTUEJYGFKUEJGT0·JCTVCP0CFGN 5VÒEM++



5GJT UEJÌPG NGKEJV \W GTI·P\GPFG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG .CWV *CPMKOQ KP (- 5   UKPF XQO  /QFGNN FGU   (TGKJGKVUMTGW\GU PWT  -TGW\G  -NCUUG QJPG 5EJYGTVGT XGTNKGJGP YQTFGP &KG /KPKCVWTGPUEJPCNNG FKGUGU   6T·IGTUDKGVGPYKTWPVGTFGT-CV0TCP

841



/KPKCVWTGPUEJPCNNGFGU/CLQTU,QJP#NVUVGTOCTMOKV#WU\GKEJPWPIUOKPKCVWTGP  5EJYGFK- UEJG 'JTGP\GKEJGP WPF /GFCKNNGP W C FGT *GKOYGJT WPF XGTUEJKGFGPGT 8GTD·PFG CWU ¤TGDTQ WPF   *CNNCPF VGKNU 5KNDGT D\Y 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV RWP\KGTV  VGKNU XGTIQNFGV   (KPPNCPF 4KVVGTQTFGP FGT   (KPPKUEJGP 9GK­GP 4QUG 4KVVGTMTGW\  -NCUUG 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV $·PFEJGP OKV CWHIG   NGIVGT 4QUGVVG   (ÒTUVNKEJG (COKNKG XQP *QJGP\QNNGTP (ÒTUVNKEJGT *CWUQTFGP XQP *QJGP\QNNGTP   'JTGPMTGW\-NCUUG5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTV VJKQRKGP1TFGPFGU5VGTPUXQPVJKQRKGP  /QFGNN 1HHK\KGTUFGMQTCVKQP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV $·PFEJGP OKV CWHIGNGIVGT 4QUGVVG   &·PGOCTM   8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNGFGT&·PKUEJGP*GKOYGJT5KNDGT#P0CFGN 4++



&KGITQ­G1TFGPUUEJPCNNGFKGUGU6T·IGTUDKGVGPYKTWPVGTFGT-CV0TCP

842



/KPKCVWTGPUEJPCNNGOKV#WU\GKEJPWPIUOKPKCVWTGP &·PGOCTM(TGKJGKVU/GFCKNNG-ÌPKI%JTKUVKCPU :241&#0+#5KNDGT (KPPNCPF1TFGPFGU(TGKJGKVUMTGW\GU/QFGNN OKVFGT,CJTGU- \CJN -TGW\-NCUUGOKVFGO4QVGP-TGW\CO\KXKNGP IGNDGP $CPF (KPPNCPF4KVVGTQTFGP FGT (KPPKUEJGP 9GK­GP 4QUG 4KVVGTMTGW\  -NCUUG 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV $·PFEJGP OKV   CWHIGNGIVGT 4QUGVVG   (KPPNCPF /GFCKNNG 2TQ $GPKIPKVCVG *WOCPC $TQP\G   (KPPNCPF /GFCKNNG   FGT <KXKNXGTVGKFKIWPI  -NCUUG $TQP\G XGTUKNDGTV   (TCPMTGKEJ 0CVKQPCNGT 1TFGP FGT 'JTGPNGIKQP    /QFGNN OKV /CTKCPPG WPF  CWH FGO #XGTU/GFCKNNQP FGT 1TFGPUFGMQTCVKQP WPF FGU   $TWUVUVGTPU 4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP5KNDGTVNYXGTIQNFGV#P6TCIGMPQRH 4++



&KGITQ­G1TFGPUUEJPCNNGFKGUGU6T·IGTUDKGVGPYKTWPVGTFGT-CV0TCP

219


SCHWEIZ

843



/KPKCVWTGPUEJPCNNGGKPGUUEJYGFKUEJGP1HHK\KGTUUKGDGP#WU\GKEJPWPIUOKPKCVWTGPOKV\WIGJÌTKIGT (GNFUEJPCNNG   5EJYGFGP 5EJYGTV1TFGP 4KVVGTMTGW\  -NCUUG )QNF GOCKNNKGTV   &·PGOCTM   &CPPGDTQI1TFGPU  /QFGNN  #WUICDG OKV /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI (TGFGTKM 8+++     4KVVGTMTGW\)QNFGOCKNNKGTV &GWVUEJGU4GKEJ8GTFKGPUVQTFGPXQO&GWVUEJGP#FNGT8GTFKGPUVMTGW\  5VWHG   (KPPNCPF 1TFGP FGU (TGKJGKVUMTGW\GU  /QFGNN OKV FGT ,CJTGU\CJN   -TGW\    -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGT   (KPPNCPF 'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG CP FGP $GHTGKWPIUMTKGI   +VCNKGP 5V   /CWTKVKWUWPF.C\CTWU1TFGP4KVVGTMTGW\)QNFGOCKNNKGTV 4WUUKUEJGU4GKEJ5V5VCPKUNCWU1TFGP  /QFGNN   -TGW\ FGT  -NCUUG  #WUHÒJTWPI  )QNFGOCKNNKGTV/GFCKNNQPU HGJNGP#P6TCIGMPQRH<WUCOOGPOKVRCUUGPFGT(GNUEJPCNNGGKP\GNPG(GNFUEJPCNNGFGU5EJYGTVQTFGPU WPF-PQRHNQEJUEJNGKHEJGPOKVXKGT1TFGPUD·PFEJGPUQYKGGKPG#PUVGEMPCFGNGOCKNNKGTV 5VÒEM++



&KGITQ­G1TFGPUUEJPCNNGFKGUGU6T·IGTUDKGVGPYKTWPVGTFGT-CV0TCP

ex 844 (1:1) 845





-QPXQNWVXQPEC/KPKCVWTGPXQP1TFGPWPF'JTGP\GKEJGP+PXGTUEJKGFGPGP/GVCNNGPCWEJ)QNF QFGT 5KNDGT VGKNU XGTIQNFGV VGKNU XGTUKNDGTV VGKNU GOCKNNKGTV CP $·PFEJGP ITÌ­VGPVGKNU CP /KPKCVWTGP-   UEJPCNNGP CWEJ WPXQNNUV·PFKI  FC\W XKGT YGKVGTG /KPKCVWTGP XQP HKPPKUEJGP WPF HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP 1TFGP   WPF'JTGP\GKEJGPUQYKG-PQRHNQEJUEJNGKHGFGU9CUCQTFGPUOKV#WHNCIG4QUGVVGFGT'JTGPNGIKQPWPF 5EJPCNNGOKVFTGK5VGTPGPKPFWTEJYGIQTFGPVNKEJGP'TJCNVWPIGP 5VÒEM++



-ÌPKINKEJGT 0QTFUVGTPQTFGP =-WPINKIC 0QTFUVL·TPGQTFGP? $TWUVUVGTP \WO -QOOCPFGWT  -NCUUG   #WUICDG OKVDTKNNCPVKGTVGP-TGW\CTOGP ITÌ­GTG#WUHÒJTWPI CDEC Z OO5KNDGTDTKNNCPVKGTVWPFTGRGTEKGTVCP0CFGNKOQTKIKPCNGPIQNFHCTDGPDGFTWEMVGP8GTNGKJWPIU GVWKFGT(KTOC%(%CTNOCPKP5VQEMJQNO<- ++



846

-#06106'55+0 

220

5%*9'+<

8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG 8KTVWVK GV 5EKGPVKCG FGU 5GOKPCTU 5V -CTN $QTTQOCGWU FGT &KÌ\GUG XQP   .WICPQ 5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG &WTEJOGUUGT  OO 5KNDGT CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG GT 5KNDGTRWP\G WPF   /CKN·PFGT5VCFVRWP\GDKUCO$CPF 4++




SERBIEN UND JUGOSLAWIEN

847

5'4$+'070&,7)15.#9+'0 (ª456'067/70&-¤0+)4'+%*5'4$+'0   

1TFGPXQO9GK­GP#FNGT=ÎðäåíÁåëîã1ðëà]/QFGNN CWHFGO4GXGTU,CJTGU\CJN  &GMQTCVKQP-NCUUG5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVOKPQDGTHN·EJNKEJG'OCKNNGEJKRUCWHGKPGT -TQPGPRGPFKNKGCOCNVGPNCPIGP$TWUVDCPFOKVCWHIGNGIVGT4QUGVVG<- ++ .CWV%CTWPF/WJKi KP%#/5 JCPFGNVGUUKEJJKGTDGKWOGKPG#PHGTVKIWPIFGT(KTOC)GQTI#FCO5EJGKF KP9KGP 





)GUVKHVGV XQP -ÌPKI /KNCP +8 1DTGPQYKVUEJ CO  ,CPWCT  RGT )GUGV\ 7PVGT -ÌPKI 2GVGT + -CTCIGQTIG   YKVUEJYWTFGFKG)GUVCNVWPIFGU1TFGPU\GKEJGPUFWTEJ#WUVCWUEJFGU5VKHVGTOQPQITCOOUOKVFGT,CJTGU\CJN XGT·PFGTV&KGOKNKV·TKUEJG#DVGKNWPIOKV5EJYGTVGTPYWTFGXQP-ÌPKI2GVGT+-CTCIGQTIGYKVUEJGTUVCO /CKY·JTGPFFGU'TUVGP9GNVMTKGIGUGKPIGHÒJTV

848



849

1TFGPFGUJGKNKIGP5CXC[1pääí%âeòQã%aâe]/QFGNN#WUHÒJTWPI FGT*GKNKIGKOTQVGP)G YCPF CWH FGO 4GXGTU     -TGW\ 8 -NCUUG #PHGTVKIWPI NCWV %CT WPF /WJKi KP   %#/5 IGO·­FGO$KNFPKUFGU*GKNKIGPFGT(KTOC#TVJWU$GTVTCPFKP2CTKU5KNDGTGOCKNNKGTVCO CNVGPPKEJVMQTTGMVGP&TGKGEMUDCPF<- ++



&GTHÒPHMNCUUKIGCNNIGOGKPG8GTFKGPUVQTFGPYWTFGXQP-ÌPKI/KNCP+1DTGPQYKVUEJCO,CPWCTIGUVKHVGV  GTUGV\VG -ÌPKI 2GVGT + -CTCIGQTIGYKVUEJ FCU /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI /KNCPU CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FWTEJ FCU   5VKHVWPIULCJT   YWTFG FKG (CTDG FGU /CPVGNU FGU JN 5CXC KO 8QTFGTUGKVGPOGFCKNNQP XQP 4QV KP )TÒP   IG·PFGTV&GT1TFGPYWTFGCWEJPCEJFGT)TÒPFWPIFGU-ÌPKITGKEJUFGT5GTDGP-TQCVGPWPF5NQYGPGPWPFPCEJ FGUUGP7ODGPGPPWPIKP,WIQUNCYKGPQHHK\KGNNGDKU\WO'PFGFGT/QPCTEJKGYGKVGTXGTNKGJGP-ÌPKI2GVGT++ XGTNKGJKJPCNU*CWUQTFGPCWEJKO'ZKNYGKVGT



1TFGPFGUJGKNKIGP5CXC[1pääí%âeòQã%aâe]/QFGNN#WUHÒJTWPI FGT*GKNKIGKOTQVGP)G YCPF CWH FGO 4GXGTU     -TGW\ 8 -NCUUG #PHGTVKIWPI NCWV %CT WPF /WJKi KP   %#/5 IGO·­FGO$KNFPKUFGU*GKNKIGPFGT(KTOC#TVJWU$GTVTCPFKP2CTKU5KNDGTGOCKNNKGTVFKG -ÒIGNEJGP CP FTGK -TGW\CTOURKV\GP XGTDQIGP OKP 'OCKNNGCDURNKVVGTWPIGP CO UR·VGTGP $TWUVDCPF   <- +++++

 221


SERBIEN UND JUGOSLAWIEN

851 850

-¤0+)4'+%* &'4 5'4$'0 -41#6'0 70& 5.19'0'0 $<9 -¤0+)4'+%*   ,7)15.#9+'0   



1TFGPFGUJGKNKIGP5CXC[1pääí%âeòQã%aâe]/QFGNN#WUHÒJTWPI FGT*GKNKIGKOITÒPGP)G YCPFCWHFGO4GXGTUUGKV -NGKPQF\WT-NCUUG#PHGTVKIWPINCWV%CTWPF/WJKi KP %#/5 IGO·­FGO$KNFPKUFGU*GKNKIGPFGT(KTOC*WIWGPKP(T½TGUKP.G.QENG5KNDGTXGTIQNFGV WPFGOCKNNKGTVOKVQTKIKPCNGOIGVTCIGPGP5EJWNVGTDCPFQJPG$TWUVUVGTP<- ++



1TFGP FGU JGKNKIGP 5CXC [1pääí %âeòQã %aâe]  /QFGNN  #WUHÒJTWPI FGT *GKNKIG KO ITÒPGP   )GYCPFCWHFGO4GXGTUUGKV $TWUVUVGTP\WT-NCUUG#PHGTVKIWPINCWV%CTWPF/WJKi

KP %#/ 5   IGO·­ FGO $KNFPKU FGU *GKNKIGP FGT (KTOC *WIWGPKP (T½TGU KP .G .QENG 5KNDGT   DTKNNCPVKGTVWPFTGRGTEKGTVVNYXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCP0CFGN<- ++



853 852





854

1TFGPFGUJGKNKIGP5CXC[1pääí%âeòQã%aâe]/QFGNN#WUHÒJTWPI FGT*GKNKIGKOITÒPGP)G YCPFCWHFGO4GXGTUUGKV -TGW\-NCUUG#PHGTVKIWPINCWV%CTWPF/WJKi KP%#/ 5 IGO·­FGO$KNFPKUFGU*GKNKIGPFGT(KTOC*WIWGPKP(T½TGUKP.G.QENG5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPF GOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPF\WUCOOGPOKV-PQRHNQEJTQUGVVGKOQTKIKPCNGPIQNFHCTDGPDGFTWEM VGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWKFGT(KTOC*WIWGPKP(T½TGU<- ++



1TFGP FGT ,WIQUNCYKUEJGP -TQPG [Oðäåí ßó³îñëîâåíñêå Êðóíå] $TWUVUVGTP \WT + -NCUUG &WTEJ   OGUUGTOO5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVOKP%JKRKPGKPGO5VTCJN#WHNCIGNQEMGT GKPG0KGVG CWUIGDTQEJGP CP0CFGN<- ++



&GTHÒPHMNCUUKIGCNNIGOGKPG8GTFKGPUVQTFGPYWTFGCO#RTKNXQP-ÌPKI#NGZCPFGT+IGUVKHVGVWPFDKU\WO 'PFGFGT/QPCTEJKGKP,WIQUNCYKGPXGTNKGJGP

 222

1TFGPFGT,WIQUNCYKUEJGP-TQPG[Oðäåíßó³îñëîâåíñêåÊðóíå]-TGW\-NCUUG5KNDGTXGTIQNFGV WPFGOCKNNKGTVOKP%JKRKPGKPGO5VTCJNCOQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPF<- ++




SPANIEN

855 (1:1)

(¤&'4#.+56+5%*'81.-54'27$.+-,7)15.#9+'0   

1TFGP FGU 2CTVKUCPGPUVGTP =1TFGP RCTVK\CPUMG \XG\FG? 1TFGP FGU 2CTVKUCPGPUVGTPU OKV )QNFGPGO   -TCP\ =1TFGP RCTVK\CPUMG \XG\FG UC \NCVPKO XGPEGO?  5VWHG  )QNF GOCKNNKGTV  I CWH FGT   4ÒEMUGKVG5VWHGPDG\GKEJPWPIKPUGTDKUEJGT5RTCEJGWPF6T·IGTPWOOGTOKV7PVGTNCIUEJGKDGPWPF 5EJTCWDTKGIGN<- +++



857 856

52#0+'0

(ª0(6'5 -¤0+)4'+%*   

-ÌPKINKEJGT WPF /KNKV·TKUEJGT 1TFGP FGU JN *GTOGPGIKNFQ =4GCN [ /KNKVCT 1TFGP FG 5CP *GT-   OGPGIKNFQ?/QFGNN WPF $TWUVUVGTPFGT-NCUUG2NCEC GPVURTKEJVFGT)TQ­- QHHK\KGTU-NCUUG  5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV WPF TGRGTEKGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV /GFCKNNQP )QNF GOCKNNKGTV GKPG   'OCKNNGCDRNCV\WPI KP GKPGO .QTDGGTDN·VVEJGP CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC )   ;TCDWTQ CP 0CFGN FKGUG GDGPUQ YKG FGT 0CFGNJCMGP OKV HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT 'KPHWJTRWP\G XQP  DKU    5EJYCPGPRWP\G OKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGP<- ++



&GT FTGKMNCUUKIG )TQ­MTGW\ 5VGTP WPF -TGW\  /KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVQTFGP YWTFG OKV MÌPKINKEJGO &GMTGV XQO    0QXGODGT  XQP -ÌPKI (GTFKPCPF 8++   IGUVKHVGV FCU 4GIQNCOGPVQ FCVKGTVXQO,WNK/KV -ÌPKINKEJGO&GMTGVXQO,CPWCTGTJKGNVFCU$CPFPGWG(CTDGPWPFPQEJGKPOCNFWTEJ-ÌPKI#NHQPU:++

  OKV -ÌPKINKEJGO &GMTGV XQO  ,WPK   /QFGNN  &KG <YGKVG 4GRWDNKM ÒDGTPCJO KO *GTDUV   FGP1TFGPGTUGV\VGLGFQEJFKG-ÌPKIUMTQPGFWTEJGKPG/CWGTMTQPGWPFGPVHGTPVGFCU5VKHVGTOQPQITCOOCWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FGU /GFCKNNQPU  /QFGNN  5VCCVUEJGH )GPGTCN (TCPEKUEQ (TCPEQ [ $CJCOQPFG     ÒDGTPCJO FGP 1TFGP \WP·EJUV OKV FGT UQIGPCPPVGP KORGTKCNGP -TQPG FGT MCVJQNKUEJGP -ÌPKIG GTUGV\VG FKGU   LGFQEJ OKV &GMTGV XQO  /CK  XGTÌHHGPVNKEJV KO $1' 0T  XQO  ,WPK  FWTEJ FKG WTURTÒPINKEJG   -ÌPKIUMTQPG /KV MÌPKINKEJGO &GMTGV  XQO  (GDTWCT  XGTÌHHGPVNKEJV KP $1' 0T  XQO    (GDTWCT  HÒIVG -ÌPKI ,WCP %CTNQU + WPVGTJCND FGU 5VGTPU =2NCEC? GKPG -QOOCPFGWTUMNCUUG GKP 0GWG 5VCVWVGP   YWTFGPUEJNKG­NKEJOKV-ÌPKINKEJGO&GMTGVXQO,WPKGTNCUUGP

&4+66'5 -¤0+)4'+%*4')+'470)+5#$'..#5++   

-ÌPKINKEJGT WPF /KNKV·TKUEJGT 1TFGP FGU JN *GTOGPGIKNFQ =4GCN [ /KNKVCT 1TFGP FG 5CP *GT-   OGPGIKNFQ?/QFGNN WPF 4KVVGTMTGW\ &WTEJOGUUGTOO1TKIKPCNITÌ­G  $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV UVCTMG 'OCKNNGUEJ·FGP CO MCPPGNKGTVGP $CPFTKPI QJPG $CPF <-    ++++8



+PFKGUGT-NCUUGYWTFGFGT$TWUVUVGTPCNNGKPGWPFQJPGYGKVGTG+PUKIPKGPYKG*CNUQFGT$TWUVMTGW\XGTNKGJGPWPF CWHFGTNKPMGP$TWUVUGKVGIGVTCIGP

223


SPANIEN

858

(ª0(6'5 -¤0+)4'+%*   

-ÌPKINKEJ #OGTKMCPKUEJGT 1TFGP +UCDGNNCU FGT -CVJQNKUEJGP =4GCN 1TFGP #OGTKECPC FG +UCDGN NC   %CVQNKEC?  D\Y-ÌPKINKEJGT1TFGP+UCDGNNCUFGT-CVJQNKUEJGP=4GCN1TFGPFGU+UCDGNNC %CVQNKEC?  /QFGNN OKV/QPQITCOO(41QFGT(4 #WUHÒJTWPIOKV /QPQITCOO (4 )TQ­MTGW\UGV DGUVGJGPF CWU -NGKPQF $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIK   PCNGP5EJWNVGTDCPFWPF$TWUVUVGTP$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTV'OCKNNGOCNGTGKCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC *KLQU FG ,QTFCPC [ #IWKNNQ KP/CFTKFCP0CFGNOKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP (KZKGTJCMGPKOQTKIKPCNGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWKFGT(KTOC*KLQUFG,QTFCPC[#IWKNNQ<-  5VÒEM++ #PHGTVKIWPIGKPGUUGJTUGNVGPXQTMQOOGPFGP*GTUVGNNGTUCWUFGT\YGKVGP&GMCFGFGU,CJTJWPFGTVU



859 860



-ÌPKINKEJ #OGTKMCPKUEJGT 1TFGP +UCDGNNCU FGT -CVJQNKUEJGP =4GCN 1TFGP #OGTKECPC FG +UCDGN NC   %CVQNKEC?  D\Y-ÌPKINKEJGT1TFGP+UCDGNNCUFGT-CVJQNKUEJGP=4GCN1TFGPFGU+UCDGNNC %CVQNKEC?  /QFGNN OKV/QPQITCOO(41QFGT(4 #WUHÒJTWPIOKV /QPQITCOO (4 -QOOCPFGWTMTGW\ )QNF GOCKNNKGTV OKP 'OCKNNGCDRNCV\WPIGP KO XQTFGT WPF   TÒEMUGKVKIGP/GFCKNNQPTKPIQJPG*CNUDCPF<- ++



*GTXQTTCIGPFG#PHGTVKIWPIUSWCNKV·VCWUFGONGV\VGP8KGTVGNFGU,CJTJWPFGTVU



224

/KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVQTFGP =1TFGP FG /GTKVQ /KNKVCT?  /QFGNN OKV $QWTDQPGPYCRRGP KO <GPVTWO      YGK­G #DVGKNWPI HÒT 8GTFKGPUV KP (TKGFGPU\GKVGP -TGW\  -NCUUG 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV VNY   XGTICPIGP WPFGOCKNNKGTVCO1TKIKPCNDCPFOKVOGVCNNGPGT'KPUVGEMNCUEJG$9- ++




SPANIEN )GUVKHVGVXQP-ÌPKIKP+UCDGNNC++  OKV-ÌPKINKEJGO&GMTGVXQO#WIWUVKPXKGT-NCUUGP )TQ­- MTGW\    -NCUUG  IGUVKHVGV  /QFGNN  'TYGKVGTWPIGP GTHQNIVGP FWTEJ &GMTGV FGU /CTKPGOKPKUVGTKWOU FGT   2TQXKUQTKUEJGP 4GIKGTWPI XQO  /·T\   /QFGNN  /KV 8GTQTFPWPI 'TUVGP 4GRWDNKM YWTFGP CNNG   OQPCTEJKUEJGP5[ODQNGCWUFGP&GMQTCVKQPGPGPVHGTPV /QFGNN 0CEJUGKPGT6JTQPDGUVGKIWPICO&G\GODGT  PCJO -ÌPKI #NHQPU :++   FKG 8GTNGKJWPIGP FGU 1TFGPU KP FGT (QTO XQP  YKGFGT CWH    /QFGNN 9GKVGTG8GT·PFGTWPIGPGTHQNIVGPOKV-ÌPKINKEJGT8GTQTFPWPIGPXQO#RTKN XGTÌHHGPVNKEJVKPFGT )CEGVCFG/CFTKFXQO#RTKN -ÌPKI#NHQPU:+++  TGQTICPKUKGTVGFGP1TFGPOKV-ÌPKINKEJGO&GMTGV XQO  /·T\  YQFWTEJ FKG $KEQNQT#DVGKNWPI GKPIGHÒJTV YWTFG  /QFGNN  9·JTGPF FGT <YGKVGP   4GRWDNKM YWTFGP YKGFGT CNNG OQPCTEJKUEJGP 5[ODQNG GPVHGTPV WPF FCU $CPF IG·PFGTV  /QFGNN  )GPGTCN   (TCPEKUEQ(TCPEQ[$CJCOQPFG  ÒDGTPCJOOKV8GTQTFPWPIXQO#WIWUV XGTÌHHGPVNKEJVKP$1' XQO#WIWUV FGP1TFGPWPFRNCV\KGTVGÒDGTFGO-TGW\FKGUQIGPKORGTKCNG-TQPGFGTMCVJQNKUEJGP-ÌPKIG  /QFGNN  /KV &GMTGV  XQO  /·T\  XGTÌHHGPVNKEJV KP $1' 0T  XQO  /CK  GTJKGNVGP FKG   +PUKIPKGP YKGFGT GKPG -ÌPKIUMTQPG WPF FGT 1TFGP GKP PGWGU 4GINCOGPVQ  /QFGNN  5GKVJGT DGUVGJV GT CWU   )TQ­MTGW\-TGW\-NCUUG $TWUVUVGTP -TGW\DKU-NCUUG -TGW\GCO$CPF 

861

862



863

/CTKPG8GTFKGPUVQTFGP=1TFGPFGN/¾TKVQ0CXCN?/QFGNN  YGK­G#DVGKNWPIHÒT8GT- FKGPUV KP (TKGFGPU\GKVGP 5VGTP  -NCUUG 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV FWTEJDTQEJGP IGCTDGKVGV XGTIQNFGV WPF   GOCKNNKGTV FGT #PMGT IGNQEMGTV WPF OKV OKP 'OCKNNG#WUDTWEJ CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJ   PWPIFGT(KTOC,/GFKPCKP$CTEGNQPCCP0CFGNOKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGP<- ++



+PFKGUGT-NCUUGYWTFGFGT$TWUVUVGTPCNNGKPGQJPGYGKVGTG+PUKIPKGPYKG*CNUQFGT$TWUVMTGW\XGTNKGJGPWPFCWHFGT NKPMGP$TWUVUGKVGIGVTCIGP&GT$TWUVUVGTP\WT-NCUUGWPFFGT5VGTPFGT-NCUUGWPVGTUEJGKFGPUKEJPWTFWTEJ FKG (CTDG FGU /GVCNNRN·VVEJGPU CWH FGO QDGTGP -TGW\CTO FCU DGKO GTUVGTGP UKNDGTHCTDGP WPF DGKO NGV\VGTGP   IQNFHCTDGPKUV



/CTKPG8GTFKGPUVQTFGP=1TFGPFGN/¾TKVQ0CXCN?/QFGNN  YGK­G#DVGKNWPIHÒT8GT- FKGPUVKP(TKGFGPU\GKVGP5VGTP-NCUUG5KNDGTDTKNNCPVKGTVWPFTGRGTEKGTVVNYXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTV CP0CFGNOKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGP<- ++



+PFKGUGT-NCUUGYWTFGFGT$TWUVUVGTPCNNGKPGQJPGYGKVGTG+PUKIPKGPYKG*CNUQFGT$TWUVMTGW\XGTNKGJGPWPFCWHFGT NKPMGP$TWUVUGKVGIGVTCIGP



/CTKPG8GTFKGPUVQTFGP=1TFGPFGN/¾TKVQ0CXCN?/QFGNN  YGK­G#DVGKNWPIHÒT8GT- FKGPUVKP(TKGFGPU\GKVGP5VGTP-NCUUGHÒT2GPUKQPUDGTGEJVKIVG5KNDGTDTKNNCPVKGTVFWTEJDTQEJGPIGCT- DGKVGV XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC ,QU¾ (GTPCPFG\   /CLQTKP/CFTKFCP0CFGNOKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGP<- ++



+PFKGUGT-NCUUGYWTFGFGT$TWUVUVGTPCNNGKPGQJPGYGKVGTG+PUKIPKGPYKG*CNUQFGT$TWUVMTGW\XGTNKGJGPWPFCWHFGT NKPMGP$TWUVUGKVGIGVTCIGP&GT$TWUVUVGTP\WT-NCUUGWPFFGT5VGTPFGT-NCUUGWPVGTUEJGKFGPUKEJPWTFWTEJ FKG (CTDG FGU /GVCNNRN·VVEJGPU CWH FGO QDGTGP -TGW\CTO FCU DGKO GTUVGTGP UKNDGTHCTDGP WPF DGKO NGV\VGTGP   IQNFHCTDGP KUV &KG +PUKIPKGP HÒT 2GPUKQPUDGTGEJVKIVG OKV 5VTGKHGP CWH FGP -TGW\CTOGP  UKPF YGKVCWU UGNVGPGT \W   HKPFGPCNUFKGPQTOCNGP'ZGORNCTG

225


SPANIEN

864



/CTKPG8GTFKGPUVQTFGP =1TFGP FGN /¾TKVQ 0CXCN?  /QFGNN   TQVG #DVGKNWPI HÒT   8GTFKGPUV KP -TKGIU\GKVGP )TQ­MTGW\5GV DGUVGJGPF CWU -NGKPQF 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH   FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG 'VKMGVVTGUVG OKV QTKIKPCNGO CNVGP \GKVIGPÌUUKUEJGP 5EJWNVGTDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT   DTKNNCPVKGTVWPFXGTIQNFGV#WHNCIGP5KNDGTVNYXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTV-TQPG)QNFGOCKNNKGTVCWHFGT 4ÒEMUGKVG 'VKMGVVTGUVG CP 0CFGN OKV \YGK UGKVNKEJGP (KZKGTJCMGP KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT   (KTOC /GFKPC KP $CTEGNQPC WPF /CFTKF OKV IQNFHCTDGPGO /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI #NHQPU :+++ OKV   UEJCFJCHVGP5EJCTPKGTGP<- 5VÒEM++



5GNVGPGT5GVKPGKPGT#PHGTVKIWPIWO&GT$TWUVUVGTP\WT-NCUUGWPFFGT5VGTPFGT-NCUUGWPVGTUEJGKFGP UKEJPWTFWTEJFKG(CTDGFGU/GVCNNRN·VVEJGPUCWHFGOQDGTGP-TGW\CTOFCUDGKOGTUVGTGPUKNDGTHCTDGPWPFDGKO NGV\VGTGPIQNFHCTDGPKUV+PFGTHQNIGPFGP-CVCNQIRQUKVKQPYKTFFKGFC\WIGJÌTKIG8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGCPIGDQVGP 

865



/CTKPG8GTFKGPUVQTFGP =1TFGP FGN /¾TKVQ 0CXCN? 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG \WO )TQ­MTGW\ TQVG #DVGK-   NWPIHÒTFGPHTCP\ÌUKUEJGP-QPVGT#FOKTCN,WNGU'OKNG*CNNKGTFCVKGTV/CFTKFCO1MVQDGT OKV2T·IGUKGIGNWPF5VGORGN7PVGTUEJTKHV-ÌPKI#NHQPU:+++  OGJTHCEJIGHCNVGV 4++ &KG FC\WIGJÌTKIG &GMQTCVKQP YKTF KP FGT XQTJGTIGJGPFGP -CVCNQI2QUKVKQP CPIGDQVGP ,WNGU 'OKNG *CNNKGT YCT   UR·VGT8K\G#FOKTCNWPF/CTKPG2T·HGMV'KPGYGKVGTG8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGHÒT,WNGU'OKNG*CNNKGTUKGJG-CV0T

226




SPANIEN

867 866



868

<KXKNGT 1TFGP #NHQPU :++ =1TFGP %KXKN #NHQPUQ :++?  /QFGNN OKV GOCKNNKGTVGP 5VTCJNGP    $TWUVUVGTP\WO)TQ­MTGW\ QFGT\WO-QOOCPFGWTXQP0WOOGT 5KNDGTVNYXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN FKGUG OKV HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT 'KPHWJTRWP\G XQP  DKU  5EJYCPGPRWP\G  OKV \YGK   UGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGP<- ++



+PFGT-NCUUGFGT-QOOCPFGWTGXQP0WOOGTYWTFGWPFYKTFFGT$TWUVUVGTPQJPGYGKVGTG+PUKIPKGPYKG*CNUQFGT $TWUVFGMQTCVKQPXGTNKGJGPWPFIGVTCIGP.CWV%GDCNNQU'UECNGTC[)KNCWY FG%GDCNNQU'UECNGTC[)KNC/CTSW¾U FG NC (NQTGUVC#NHQPUQ%WPKNNGTC(GTP±PFG\WPFFG%GDCNNQU'UECNGTC[)KNC.WKU.C1TFGP%KXKNFGU#NHQPUQ :++  'FWECEKÉP[%WNVWTCGP'URCÇCFWTCPVGGNRTKOGTVGTEKQFGNUKINQ::/CFTKF UKPF\YKUEJGP FGO,WPKWPFFGO#RTKNKPUIGUCOV)TQ­MTGW\GWPF-QOOCPFGWTGXQP0WOOGTXGTNKGJGP YQTFGP 

&GT XKGTMNCUUKIG )TQ­MTGW\ -QOOCPFGWT XQP 0WOOGT -QOOCPFGWT WPF 4KVVGT  1TFGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FKG   -WNVWTDGPCPPVPCEJ-ÌPKI#NHQPU:++  FGO8CVGTFGU5VKHVGTUYWTFGOKV-ÌPKINKEJGO&GMTGVXQO /CK XGTÌHHGPVNKEJVKPFGT)CEGVCFG/CFTKF0TXQO,WPK XQP-ÌPKI#NHQPU:+++  WPF FGO /KPKUVGTKWO HÒT 8QNMUGT\KGJWPI WPF FKG 5EJÌPGP -ÒPUVG WPVGTUVGNNV &KG 5VCVWVGP YWTFGP OKV MÌPKINKEJGO   &GMTGVXQO/CK XGTÌHHGPVNKEJVKPFGT)CEGVCFG/CFTKF0TXQO,WNK GTNCUUGP<WP·EJUVGPVURTCEJ FGT5VGTPFGU-QOOCPFGWTUXQP0WOOGTFGTUVGVUCNNGKPGQJPGYGKVGTG+PUKIPKGPYKG*CNUQFGT$TWUVFGMQTCVKQP IGVTCIGPYWTFGKP(QTO)GUVCNVWPIWPF)TÌ­GFGOFGU)TQ­MTGW\GU<WGKPGOWPDGMCPPVGP<GKVRWPMVYWTFGFKG )GUVCNVWPIFGU5VGTPUFGU-QOOCPFGWTUXQP0WOOGTYGUGPVNKEJXGT·PFGTV &KGXKQNGVVGOCKNNKGTVGP5VTCJNGPXKGNGP YGIWPFFKGIQNFHCTDGPGP5VTCJNGPFGT5QPPGYWTFGPXGTN·PIGTVņ/QFGNN 0CEJ#WUTWHWPIFGT4GRWDNKMYWTFG FGT1TFGPOKV&GMTGVXQO,WNKCDIGUEJCHHV



<KXKNGT1TFGP#NHQPU:++=1TFGP%KXKN#NHQPUQ:++?/QFGNN OKVGOCKNNKGTVGP5VTCJNGP -NGKPQF \WO )TQ­MTGW\ #WUHÒJTWPI OKV -TQPGPÒDGTJÌJWPI 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV   'OCKNNGURTÒPIGKP\YGK#TOGPQJPG5EJWNVGTDCPF 4++



.CWV %GDCNNQU'UECNGTC [ )KNC W Y FG %GDCNNQU'UECNGTC [ )KNC /CTSW¾U FG NC (NQTGUVC #NHQPUQ %WPKNNGTC   (GTP±PFG\ WPF FG %GDCNNQU'UECNGTC [ )KNC .WKU .C 1TFGP %KXKN FGU #NHQPUQ :++   'FWECEKÉP [   %WNVWTCGP'URCÇCFWTCPVGGNRTKOGTVGTEKQFGNUKINQ::/CFTKF UKPF\YKUEJGPFGO,WPKWPFFGO #RTKNKPUIGUCOV)TQ­MTGW\GWPF-QOOCPFGWTGXQP0WOOGTXGTNKGJGPYQTFGP



<KXKNGT 1TFGP #NHQPU :++ =1TFGP %KXKN #NHQPUQ :++?  /QFGNN OKV GOCKNNKGTVGP 5VTCJNGP    -QOOCPFGWTMTGW\ =EQOGPFCFQT QTFKPCTKQ? UKE  5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP   $TWUVDCPF OKV CWHIGNGIVGT 4QUGVVG KO OKP CP GKPGO 5EJCTPKGT DGUEJ·FKIVGP QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP   DGFTWEMVGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWKFGT(KTOC%GLCNXQKP/CFTKF<- JKGTCNU1HHK\KGTUMTGW\DG\GKEJPGV  ++ +PFGTHQNIGPFGP-CVCNQIRQUKVKQPYKTFFKGFC\WIGJÌTKIG8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGCPIGDQVGP







.CWV FGP XQP %GDCNNQU'UECNGTC [ )KNC W Y FG %GDCNNQU'UECNGTC [ )KNC /CTSW¾U FG NC (NQTGUVC #NHQPUQ   %WPKNNGTC(GTP±PFG\WPFFG%GDCNNQU'UECNGTC[)KNC.WKU.C1TFGP%KXKNFGU#NHQPUQ:++  'FWECEKÉP [ %WNVWTC GP 'URCÇC FWTCPVG GN RTKOGT VGTEKQ FGN UKINQ :: /CFTKF   XGTÌHHGPVNKEJVGP 5VCVWVGP YWTFG FCU   -QOOCPFGWTMTGW\=EQOGPFCFQTQTFKPCTKQ?PKEJVCO*CNUDCPFUQPFGTPCPGKPGO$TWUVDCPFOKVCWHIGNGIVGT4QUGVVG IGVTCIGP.CWVFKGUGP#WVQTGPUKPF\YKUEJGPFGO,WNKWPFFGO/·T\XQPFKGUGT5VWHGKPUIGUCOV 5VÒEMXGTNKGJGPYQTFGP 

227


SPANIEN

870

871

ex 869 872



<KXKNGT 1TFGP #NHQPU :++ =1TFGP %KXKN #NHQPUQ :++? 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG \WO -QOOCPFGWTMTGW\   HÒT&QP*GPT[$GTPCTFFCVKGTV/CFTKFCO0QXGODGTOKV5VGORGN7PVGTUEJTKHV-ÌPKI#NHQPU :+++   OKV 5VGORGN OGJTHCEJ IGHCNVGV MNGKPG 'KPTKUUG CP FGP -PKEMT·PFGTP WPF    MTGW\WPIGP<WUCOOGPOKVªDGTUGPFWPIUUEJTGKDGPOKV2T·IGUKGIGNWPF7PVGTUEJTKHV 5VÒEM+++ &KGFC\WIGJÌTKIG&GMQTCVKQPYKTFKPFGTXQTJGTIGJGPFGP-CVCNQI2QUKVKQPCPIGDQVGP







*GPTK$QWUEJGVFG$GTPCTFYCTWC2TQVQMQNN&KTGMVQTFGUHTCP\ÌUKUEJGP#W­GPOKPKUVGTKWOUWPFUR·VGT&KTGMVQT FGU $WTGCW F #FOKPKUVTCVKQP FGU 0¾GTNCPFCKUKP6QWNQWUG9GKVGTG8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGPHÒT*GPT[$QWUEJGVFG $GTPCTFUKGJG-CV0TWPF



/CTQMMCPKUEJG(TKGFGPUOGFCKNNG=/GFCNNC2C\FG/CTTWGEQU?5KNDGTCO$CPFFKGUGU QJPG/CTQMMQ5VGTP2)54 ++





'TKPPGTWPIUMTGW\\WO'KPJWPFGTVUVGP,CJTGUVCIFGT5EJNCEJVXQP5CP/CTEKCN5KNDGT- PGU-TGW\5KNDGTVNYGOCKNNKGTVCO$TWUVDCPFOKV6TCIGURCPIG2)C 4++





<KXKNGT1TFGPHÒT8GTFKGPUVGWOFKG.CPFYKTVUEJCHV=1TFGP%KXKNFGN/¾TKVQ#ITÃEQNC?/QFGNN

OKV -TQPG LGFQEJ OKV NGGTGO DNCWGP *GT\HGNF KO 9CRRGP    $TWUVUVGTP \WO   -QOOCPFGWT XQP 0WOOGT 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV OKP 'OCKNNGURTÒPIG CP GVYCU   XGTDQIGPGT 0CFGN FKGUG OKV HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT 'KPHWJTRWP\G XQP  DKU  5EJYCPGPRWP\G  OKV   \YGKUGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGP 444++



0CEJFGT#WUTWHWPIFGT<YGKVGP5RCPKUEJGP4GRWDNKMCO#RTKNYWTFGGKP6GKNFGTOQPCTEJKUEJGP1TFGP PQEJYGKVGTXGTNKGJGPLGFQEJYWTFGPFKGCWHIGNGIVGP9CRRGPFCJKPIGJGPFXGT·PFGTVFC­FCU*GT\UEJKNFOKVFGO $QWTDQPGPYCRRGP FWTEJ GKP NGGTGU DNCW GOCKNNKGTVGU GTUGV\V YWTFG /KV &GMTGV XQO  5GRVGODGT   

XGTÌHHGPVNKEJVKPFGT)CEGVCFG/CFTKF0TXQO5GRVGODGT XGTHÒIVGFKGTGRWDNKMCPKUEJG4GIKGTWPILGFQEJ FKG #WHJGDWPI FGU 1TFGPU 5QOKV KUV FKGUGT $TWUVUVGTP XQP CNNGTITÌ­VGT 5GNVGPJGKV FC GT UQ PWT YGPKIG /QPCVG   XGTNKGJGPYQTFGPKUV

228


SPANIEN

873



875

ex 874

-ÌPKINKEJGTWPF5GJT8GTFKGPUVXQNNGT5RCPKUEJGT1TFGP-CTNU+++=4GCN[/W[&KUVKPIWKFC1TFGP 'URCÇQNCFG%CTNQU+++?  /QFGNN  #WUHÒJTWPI OKVYGK­GO4GXGTUOG- FCKNNQP+PPGPHGNF  4KVVGTMTGW\ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV HGKPUVG 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK GKP -ÒIGNEJGP   GKPGT-TGW\CTOURKV\GOKPXGTDQIGPCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPF<- ++



/WVOC­NKEJHTCP\ÌUKUEJG#PHGTVKIWPICWUFGOGTUVGP&TKVVGNFGU,CJTJWPFGTVU

52#0+5%*'456##64')+'470)810(4#0%+5%1(4#0%1   

-ÌPKINKEJGT WPF /KNKV·TKUEJGT 1TFGP FGU JN *GTOGPGIKNFQ =4GCN [ /KNKVCT 1TFGP FG 5CP *GT-   OGPGIKNFQ?  /QFGNN OKV UQIGP KORGTKCNGT -TQPG    )TQ­MTGW\UGV DGUVGJGPF CWU   -NGKPQF5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVQJPG5EJWNVGTDCPFWPF$TWUVUVGTP\WO)TQ­MTGW\5KNDGTVNY XGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCP0CFGNOKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGP<- 5VÒEM4++



#WHITWPF FGT PWT L·JTKIGP 8GTNGKJWPIU\GKV PKEJV J·WHKI \WHKPFGP&KG)TQ­MTGW\UVGTPGWPVGTUEJGKFGPUKEJXQP FGP5VGTPGPFGT\YGKVGP-NCUUGFCFWTEJFC­DGKGTUVGTGPÒDGTFGO/GFCKNNQPGKPG-TQPGCPIGDTCEJVKUV



-ÌPKINKEJGT WPF /KNKV·TKUEJGT 1TFGP FGU JN *GTOGPGIKNFQ =4GCN [ /KNKVCT 1TFGP FG 5CP *GT-   OGPGIKNFQ?  /QFGNN UGKV   $TWUVUVGTP FGT -NCUUG 2NCEC GPVURTKEJV FGT )TQ­QHHK\KGTU   -NCUUG  $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV VNY XGTUKNDGTV VNY GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN OKV \YGK UGKVNKEJGP (KZKGTJCMGP   <- ++



+PFKGUGT-NCUUGYWTFGFGT$TWUVUVGTPCNNGKPGQJPGYGKVGTG+PUKIPKGPYKG*CNUQFGT$TWUVMTGW\XGTNKGJGPWPFCWHFGT NKPMGP$TWUVUGKVGIGVTCIGP

876



877

/KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVQTFGP=1TFGPFGN/¾TKVQ/KNKVCT?/QFGNN OKVUQIGPKORGTKCNGT-TQPG   TQVG #DVGKNWPI HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG KP -TKGIU\GKVGP 5VGTP  -NCUUG 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF   GOCKNNKGTVCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG\YGKRWP\GPCP0CFGNOKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGP<- ++



+P5KNDGTPKEJVJ·WHKI\WHKPFGP+PFKGUGT-NCUUGYWTFGFGT$TWUVUVGTPCNNGKPGQJPGYGKVGTG+PUKIPKGPYKG*CNUQFGT $TWUVMTGW\ XGTNKGJGP WPF CWH FGT NKPMGP $TWUVUGKVG IGVTCIGP &GT $TWUVUVGTP \WT  -NCUUG WPF FGT 5VGTP FGT    -NCUUG WPVGTUEJGKFGP UKEJ PWT FWTEJ FKG (CTDG FGU /GVCNNRN·VVEJGPU CWH FGO QDGTGP -TGW\CTO FCU DGKO GTUVGTGP   UKNDGTHCTDGPWPFDGKONGV\VGTGPIQNFHCTDGPKUV



/CTKPG8GTFKGPUVQTFGP=1TFGPFGN/¾TKVQ0CXCN?/QFGNN OKVUQIGPKORGTKCNGT-TQPG  YGK­G#DVGKNWPIHÒT8GTFKGPUVKP(TKGFGPU\GKVGP5VGTP\WT-NCUUG )TQ­MTGW\ 5KNDGTDTKNNCP- VKGTVFWTEJDTQEJGPIGCTDGKVGVXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCPXGT\KGTVGT0CFGNOKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP(KZKGT JCMGP<- ++



&GT $TWUVUVGTP \WT  -NCUUG WPF FGT 5VGTP FGT  -NCUUG WPVGTUEJGKFGP UKEJ PWT FWTEJ FKG (CTDG FGU   /GVCNNRN·VVEJGPUCWHFGOQDGTGP-TGW\CTOFCUDGKOGTUVGTGPUKNDGTHCTDGPWPFDGKONGV\VGTGPIQNFHCTDGPKUV

229


SPANIEN

878



/CTKPG8GTFKGPUVQTFGP=1TFGPFGN/¾TKVQ0CXCN?/QFGNN OKVUQIGPKORGTKCNGT-TQPG   YGK­G #DVGKNWPI HÒT 8GTFKGPUV KP (TKGFGPU\GKVGP 5VGTP  -NCUUG $TQP\G FWTEJDTQEJGP   IGCTDGKVGV XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV VNY XGTUKNDGTV CP 0CFGN OKV \YGK UGKVNKEJGP (KZKGTJCMGP <-    ++



+PFKGUGT-NCUUGYWTFGFGT$TWUVUVGTPCNNGKPGQJPGYGKVGTG+PUKIPKGPYKG*CNUQFGT$TWUVMTGW\XGTNKGJGPWPFCWHFGT NKPMGP$TWUVUGKVGIGVTCIGP&GT$TWUVUVGTP\WT-NCUUGWPFFGT5VGTPFGT-NCUUGWPVGTUEJGKFGPUKEJPWTFWTEJ FKG (CTDG FGU /GVCNNRN·VVEJGPU CWH FGO QDGTGP -TGW\CTO FCU DGKO GTUVGTGP UKNDGTHCTDGP WPF DGKO NGV\VGTGP   IQNFHCTDGPKUV

879



<KXKN8GTFKGPUVQTFGP =1TFGP FGN /GTKVQ %KXKN?  /QFGNN OKV QHHGPGTUQIGPKORGTKCNGT-TQPG EC )TQ­MTGW\UGVDGUVGJGPFCWU-NGKPQF5KNDGTVNYDTKNNCPVKGTVXGTIQNFGVVNYGOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP 5EJWNVGTDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT VNY DTKNNCPVKGTV WPF XGTIQNFGV VNY GOCKNNKGTV CP   0CFGNOKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGP\WUCOOGPOKV-PQRHNQEJTQUGVVGKOQTKIKPCNGPOKVOGVCNNGPGO 5VCCVUYCRRGPDGNGIVGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWKFGT(KTOC%GLCNXQKP/CFTKF<- 5VÒEM++ &GT \WP·EJUV HÒPHMNCUUKIG )TQ­MTGW\ -QOOCPFGWT XQP 0WOOGT -QOOCPFGWT 1HHK\KGT WPF 4KVVGT  1TFGP HÒT   CNNIGOGKPG \KXKNG 8GTFKGPUVG WO 5RCPKGP OKV CHHKNKKGTVGO 5KNDGTPGP -TGW\ YWTFG OKV MÌPKINKEJGO &GMTGV #NHQPU   :+++  XQO,WPK XGTÌHHGPVNKEJVKPFGT)CEGVCFG/CFTKF0TXQO,WPK IGUVKHVGV &KGGTUVGP5VCVWVGPYWTFGPOKVMÌPKINKEJGO&GMTGV0TXQO/CK XGTÌHHGPVNKEJVKPFGT)CEGVCFG /CFTKF 0T  XQO INGKEJGP 6CI  GTNCUUGP /KV MÌPKINKEJGO <KTMWNCT$GHGJN 0T  XQO  /CK   

XGTÌHHGPVNKEJVKPFGT)CEGVCFG/CFTKF0TXQO/CK YWTFGPFKG5VCVWVGPPQEJGKPOCNXGTMÒPFGV<W GKPGO DKUJGT PKEJV DGMCPPVGP <GKVRWPMV \YKUEJGP  WPF  YWTFGP FKG (NCOOGP \YKUEJGP FGP #TOGP FGU   1TFGPUMTGW\GU FWTEJ DTKNNCPVKGTVG 5VTCJNGP GTUGV\V  /QFGNN  /KV &GMTGV FGU 5VCCVUOKPKUVGTKWOU XQO  ,WNK    XGTÌHHGPVNKEJV KP FGT )CEGVC FG /CFTKF 0T  XQO  ,WNK   YWTFGP CNNG XQO 5VCCVUOKPKUVGTKWO   CDJ·PIKIGP 1TFGP CW­GT FGO 1TFGP +UCDGNNCU FGT -CVJQNKUEJGP  CNUQ CWEJ FGT <KXKN8GTFKGPUVQTFGP CDIGUEJCHHV   /KV &GMTGV XQO  0QXGODGT  XGTÌHHGPVNKEJV KO $1' 0T  XQO  0QXGODGT   UVGNNVG 5VCCVUEJGH   (TCPEKUEQ (TCPEQ [ $CJCOQPFG   FGP 1TFGP YKGFGT JGT UGV\VG LGFQEJ CP 5VGNNG FGT DKUJGTKIGP   -ÌPKIUMTQPG FKG QHHGPG UQIGPCPPVG KORGTKCNG -TQPG FGT MCVJQNKUEJGP -ÌPKIG  /QFGNN  &KG PGWGP   1TFGPUUVCVWVGP YWTFGP OKV &GMTGV XQO  (GDTWCT  XGTÌHHGPVNKEJV KO $1' 0T  XQO  (GDTWCT     GTNCUUGPWPFOKV&GMTGVXQO,WNK XGTÌHHGPVNKEJVKO$1'0TXQO#WIWUV IG·PFGTVYQDGK W C GKPG -QNNCPGPMNCUUG GKPIGHÒJTV YWTFG 0CEJ FGO 4GIKGTWPIUCPVTKVV -ÌPKI ,WCP %CTNQU + CO 0QXGODGT   YWTFG \W GKPGO WPDGMCPPVGP <GKVRWPMV FKG UQIGP KORGTKCNG -TQPG YKGFGT FWTEJ FKG -ÌPKIUMTQPG   CWUIGVCWUEJV  /QFGNN  /KV MÌPKINKEJGO &GMTGV 0T  XQO  0QXGODGT  XGTÌHHGPVNKEJVKO$1' 0T  XQO  0QXGODGT   YWTFG FGT 1TFGP FGT 8GTYCNVWPI FGU /KPKUVGTKWOU HÒT FKG #WUY·TVKIGP   #PIGNGIGPJGKVWPVGTUVGNNVWPFPGWG5VCVWVGPGTNCUUGP

230




SPANIEN

880 (1:1)



<KXKN8GTFKGPUVQTFGP =1TFGP FGN /GTKVQ %KXKN?  /QFGNN OKV QHHGPGTUQIGPKORGTKCNGT-TQPG EC $TWUVUVGTP\WO-QOOCPFGWTXQP0WOOGT9GK­WPF)GNDIQNF IGRTÒHV FGT/GFCKN- NQPTKPIDGUGV\VOKVEC$TKNNCPVGP CWH'EJVJGKVIGRTÒHV ICP0CFGNOKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP(KZKGT- JCMGP 444+++  'ZGORNCT XQP CW­GTIGYÌJPNKEJGT NWZWTKÌUGT *GTUVGNNWPIUSWCNKV·V KEJ GEJVGO 9GK­ WPF )GNDIQNF DGUGV\V OKV   $TKNNCPVGP +PFKGUGT-NCUUGYWTFGWPFYKTFFGT$TWUVUVGTPQJPGYGKVGTG+PUKIPKGPYKG*CNUQFGT$TWUVFGMQTCVKQP XGTNKGJGPWPFIGVTCIGP

881 883

882







<KXKN8GTFKGPUVQTFGP =1TFGP FGN /GTKVQ %KXKN?  /QFGNN OKV QHHGPGTUQIGPKORGTKCNGT-TQPG EC   /KPKCVWT GKPGU $TWUVUVGTPU \WO -QOOCPFGWT XQP 0WOOGT 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF   GOCKNNKGTVDGUGV\VOKVXKGT$TKNNCPVGP CWH'EJVJGKVIGRTÒHV CO$GHGUVKIWPIUTKPIHÒTFCU-PQRHNQEJKO 1TKIKPCNGVWKFGT(KTOC%±PFKFQ,QTFCPCKP/CFTKF ++



<KXKN8GTFKGPUVQTFGP =1TFGP FGN /GTKVQ %KXKN?  /QFGNN OKV QHHGPGTUQIGPKORGTKCNGT-TQPG EC   -QOOCPFGWTMTGW\ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO *CNUDCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP OKV   OGVCNNGPGO5VCCVUYCRRGPDGNGIVGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWKFGT(KTOC%GLCNXQKP/CFTKF<- ++



<KXKNGT1TFGP#NHQPU:FGU9GKUGP=1TFGP%KXKNFG#NHQPUQ:GN5CDKQ?)TQ­MTGW\UGV=)TCP%TW\? DGUVGJGPF CWU -NGKPQF 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV QJPG 5EJWNVGTDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT   XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV /GFCKNNQP WO u KO 7JT\GKIGTUKPP XGTFTGJV TÒEMUGKVKIG /GFCKNNQP   #DFGEMWPIHGJNVCP0CFGNOKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGP<- 5VÒEM++

 231


SPANIEN

884 885





<KXKNGT 1TFGP #NHQPU : FGU 9GKUGP =1TFGP %KXKN FG #NHQPUQ : GN 5CDKQ? -QOOCPFGWTUUGV   =%QOGPFCFQTEQP2NCEC?OKV5VGTPDGUVGJGPFCWU-QOOCPFGWTMTGW\5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG \YGK 2WP\GP   GKPG FCXQP /CFTKFGT *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G CP 0CFGN OKV \YGK UGKVNKEJGP (KZKGTJCMGP KO QTKIKPCNGP GVYCU   DGUEJ·FKIVGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK<- 5VÒEM++



%KUPGTQU1TFGP =1TFGP FG %KUPGTQU? -NGKPQF \WO )TQ­MTGW\ =)TCP %TW\? 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF   GOCKNNKGTVQJPG5EJWNVGTDCPF<- ++



886

887





1TFGPFGU-TGW\GUFGUJN4CKOWPFQXQP2GÇCHQTV=1TFGTFGNC%TW\FG5CP4CKOWPFQFG2GÇC- HQTV? )TQ­MTGW\UGV UGKV   DGUVGJGPF CWU -NGKPQF 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO   QTKIKPCNGP 5EJWNVGTDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN OKV \YGK   UGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGP<- 5VÒEM++



1TFGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FKG 6GNGMQOOWPKMCVKQP =1TFGP FGN /¾TKVQ FG 6GNGEQOOWPKECEKÉPGU?   $TWUVUVGTP=2NCEC?5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCP0CFGNOKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGP 4++



+P FKGUGT FGO -QOOCPFGWT XQP 0WOOGT GPVURTGEJGPFGP -NCUUG YWTFG WPF YKTF FGT $TWUVUVGTP CNNGKPG QJPG   YGKVGTG+PUKIPKGPYKG*CNUQFGT$TWUVMTGW\XGTNKGJGPWPFCWHFGTNKPMGP$TWUVUGKVGIGVTCIGP  

&GTXKGTMNCUUKIG=)TQ­UVGTP5VGTP)QNFGPGWPF5KNDGTPG/GFCKNNG?1TFGPYWTFGOKV&GMTGV0TXQO /CK  XGTÌHHGPVNKEJV KO $QNGVÃP 1HKEKCN FGN 'UVCFQ  $1'  0T  XQO  #WIWUV  IGUVKHVGV &KG 5VCVWVGP   FCVKGTGP XQO  ,WNK  XGTÌHHGPVNKEJV KO $1' XQO  #WIWUV  'T YKTF XQO /KPKUVGTKWO HÒT ÌHHGPVNKEJG   #TDGKVGPWPF6TCPURQTVXGTYCNVGV0CEJ9KGFGTGTTKEJVWPIFGU-ÌPKITGKEJUYWTFGFKG)GUVCNVWPIFGT+PUKIPKGPPKEJV XGT·PFGTV/KVMÌPKINKEJGO&GMTGV0TXQO,WPKD\YOKVMÌPKINKEJGT8GTQTFPWPIXQO,WPK  XGTÌHHGPVNKEJV KO $1' 0T  XQO  ,WNK  YWTFG FGT 1TFGP WPVGT FGT PGWGP $G\GKEJPWPI <KXKNGT 1TFGP   HÒT8GTFKGPUVGWOFKG6GNGMQOOWPKMCVKQP=1TFGP%KXKNFGN/¾TKVQFG6GNGEQOOWPKECEKÉPGU?TGQTICPKUKGTV

232


SPANIEN

889

888



890

/GFCKNNG HÒT )GYGTMUEJCHVU8GTFKGPUVG =/GFCNNC CN /GTKVQ 5KPFKECN? 5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG 5KNDGT   GOCKNNKGTVCOITÒPGP$TWUVDCPFOKV6TCIGURCPIG2)C ++



5'%*56'5 -¤0+)4'+%* 5'+6  



<KXKNGT1TFGPHÒT8GTFKGPUVGWOFKG.CPFYKTVUEJCHV=1TFGP%KXKNFGN/¾TKVQ#ITÃEQNC?/QFGNN

OKV -TQPG WPF URCPKUEJGO 9CRRGPUEJKNF QJPG $QWTDQPGP.KNKGP    -NGKPQF \WO   )TQ­MTGW\5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP5EJWNVGTDCPF 4++



-ÌPKINKEJGT WPF /KNKV·TKUEJGT 1TFGP FGU JN *GTOGPGIKNFQ =4GCN [ /KNKVCT 1TFGP FG 5CP *GT-   OGPGIKNFQ?  /QFGNN UGKV   $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­MTGW\ $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV VNY XGTUKNDGTV VNY   GOCKNNKGTVCP0CFGNOKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGP<- ++



0KEJV J·WHKI \W HKPFGP &KG )TQ­MTGW\UVGTPG WPVGTUEJGKFGP UKEJ XQP FGP5VGTPGPFGT\YGKVGP-NCUUGFCFWTEJFC­ DGKGTUVGTGPÒDGTFGO/GFCKNNQPGKPG-TQPGCPIGDTCEJVKUV

891 892 893

4+66'414&'070&#&'.5-10)4')#6+10'0 

/KNKV·TKUEJGT1TFGPXQP%CNCVTCXC=1TFGP/KNKVCTFG%CNCVTCXC?$TWUVFGMQTCVKQP5KNDGTXGTIQNFGV WPFGOCKNNKGTVQDGTHN·EJNKEJGT'OCKNNGEJKRCOCNVGP&TGKGEMUDCPF ++





1TFGP FGT -ÌPKINKEJGP 5RCPKUEJGP *QURKVCNTKVVGT FGU JN ,QJCPPGU FGU 6·WHGTU =1TFGP FG NQU   4GCNGU %CDCNNGTQU *QURGVCNKGTQU 'URCÇQNGU FG 5CP ,WCP $CWVKUVC?  /QFGNN QJPG /GFCKNNQP    -QOOCPFGWTMTGW\ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV QDGTHN·EJNKEJG 'OCKNNGEJKRU CWH #XGTU WPF 4GXGTU CO CNVGP   *CNUDCPFCDUEJPKVV ++



1TFGP FGT -ÌPKINKEJGP 5RCPKUEJGP *QURKVCNTKVVGT FGU JN ,QJCPPGU FGU 6·WHGTU =1TFGP FG NQU   4GCNGU%CDCNNGTQU*QURGVCNKGTQU'URCÇQNGUFG5CP,WCP$CWVKUVC?/QFGNN OKVITQ­GO*KO/G FCKNNQP  $TWUVUVGTP\WO)TQ­MTGW\&WTEJOGUUGTOO$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVOGJTGTG 4GRCTCVWTGP KP FGT YGK­GP WPF OKP %JKRU KP FGT TQVGP 'OCKNNG 0CFGN HGJNV OKV \YGK UGKVNKEJGP   (KZKGTJCMGP 44+8





6TQV\GTJGDNKEJGT'TJCNVWPIUGKPUEJT·PMWPIGPXQPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV





KP/CFTKFIGITÒPFGVGTJKGNVFGT1TFGPXQP-ÌPKI#NHQPUQU:++  OKV-ÌPKINKEJGO&GMTGVXQO ,WNK  UGKPG #RRTQDCVKQP FKG 5VCVWVGP GTJKGNVGP FKGUG OKV-ÌPKINKEJGO&GMTGVXQO/CK#O/CK PCJOFGT-ÌPKIFGP6KVGNGKPGU)TQ­RTQVGMVQTUFGU1TFGPUCP&GT1TFGPFGTCWEJXQPFGT4GIKGTWPIXQP (TCPEKUEQ(TCPEQ[$CJCOQPFG  DGUV·VKIVYWTFGGZKUVKGTVJGWVGPQEJ

233


TSCHECHOSLOWAKEI

894

895



+NNWUVTG WPF 5GJT #NVG $TWFGTUEJCHV FGT /Q\CTCDKUEJGP 4KVVGT XQP 6QNGFQ =+NNWUVTG [ /W[ 8KGLC   %QPHTCFGTPKFCF FG NQU %CXCNNGTQU /Q\±TCDQU FG6QNGFQ?5GVFGT4KVVGTFGT$TWFGTUEJCHVDGUVGJGPF CWU *CNUMTGW\ $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF WPF $TWUVMTGW\ $TQP\G   XGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCP0CFGNOKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGP 5VÒEM++



#75<'+%*070)'070&#$<'+%*'081/416'0-4'7< 

'JTGP\GKEJGPXQO4QVGP-TGW\=%QPFGEQTCEKQPFG*QPQTFG/¾TKVQ[%QPUVCPEKCFGN%TW\4QLC? /QFGNN OKVQHHGPGTUQIGPKORGTKCNGT-TQPG /GFCKNNG-NCUUG$TQP\GXGTIQNFGV WPFVNYGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGPGVYCUXGTHNGEMVGP*CNUDCPF<- ++



896

65%*'%*15.19#-'+70&65%*'%*+5%*'4'27$.+-

'456' 65%*'%*15.19#-+5%*'4'27$.+-   

234

6UEJGEJQUNQYCMKUEJGT1TFGPXQO9GK­GP.ÌYGP=CGUMQUNQXGPUMÓrCFDÃN¾JQ+XC?/QFGNN .ÌYG OKV-TQPG -QOVWTHÒT<KXKNXGTFKGPUV5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP*CNU- DCPF\WUCOOGPOKV-PQRHNQEJTQUGVVGKOUKNDGTHCTDGPDGFTWEMVGPQTKIKPCNGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWKFGT(KTOC -CTPGV-[UGN[KP2TCI<- ++




TSCHECHOSLOWAKEI

897

65%*'%*15.19#-+5%*'81.-54'27$.+-   

6UEJGEJQUNQYCMKUEJGT 1HHK\KGTUQTFGP ,CP <K\MCU XQP 6TQEJPQXC =CGUMQUNQXGPUMÃ&#x201C; XGNKVGNUMÃ&#x201C; rCF    ,CPC ZKzM[ \ 6TQEPQXC? )QNFGPGT 5VGTP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV CWH FGT 4Ã&#x2019;EMUGKVG 5KNDGTRWP\G    5VCFVRWP\G-HÃ&#x2019;T-QĦKEGWPF*GTUVGNNGTRWP\G!<.#%'01CP5EJTCWDGOKV5EJTCWDUEJGKDG QJPG 7PVGTNCIUEJGKDG <- ++ 

898



6UEJGEJQUNQYCMKUEJGT 1HHK\KGTUQTFGP ,CP <K\MCU XQP 6TQEJPQXC =CGUMQUNQXGPUMÃ&#x201C; XGNKVGNUMÃ&#x201C; rCF    ,CPCZKzM[\6TQEPQXC?5KNDGTPGT5VGTP5KNDGTCWHFGT4Ã&#x2019;EMUGKVG5KNDGTRWP\G5VCFVRWP\G- HÃ&#x2019;T-QĦKEGQJPG*GTUVGNNGTRWP\GCP5EJTCWDGOKV7PVGTNCIUEJGKDGWPF5EJTCWDUEJGKD<- ++ 

899

900



6UEJGEJQUNQYCMKUEJGT 1HHK\KGTUQTFGP ,CP <K\MCU XQP 6TQEJPQXC =CGUMQUNQXGPUMÃ&#x201C; XGNKVGNUMÃ&#x201C; rCF    ,CPC ZKzM[ \ 6TQEPQXC? /GFCKNNG #WUHÃ&#x2019;JTWPI QJPG$CPFTCJG 5KNDGTQJPG6T·IGTPWOOGTCO QTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPF<- ++ 



6UEJGEJQUNQYCMKUEJGT 1HHK\KGTUQTFGP ,CP <K\MCU XQP 6TQEJPQXC =CGUMQUNQXGPUMÃ&#x201C; XGNKVGNUMÃ&#x201C; rCF    ,CPC ZKzM[ \ 6TQEPQXC? /GFCKNNG #WUHÃ&#x2019;JTWPI QJPG$CPFTCJG 5KNDGTQJPG6T·IGTPWOOGTCO QTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPF<- ++  235


UNGARN

901

7-4#+0' ':+.#75<'+%*070)'0 

1TFGP FGU JN 9NCFKOKT )TQ­QHHK\KGTUUGV DGUVGJGPF CWU )TQ­QHHK\KGTUMTGW\ $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF   GOCKNNKGTVCO*CNUDCPF#DUEJPKVVWPF$TWUVUVGTP$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFVNYGOCKNNKGTVCP0CFGN  5VÒEM++



&KG OWVOC­NKEJ XQP FGT /CFTKFGT (KTOC %GLCNXQ JGTIGUVGNNVGP +PUKIPKGP YWTFGP IGHGTVKIV PCEJ FGO 8QTDKNF FGU   MTQCVKUEJGP 1TFGPU FGT -TQPG -ÌPKI <XQPKOKTU FGT DKU  GZKUVKGTV JCV YGKUGP LGFQEJ KP FGT TÒEMUGKVKIGP   +PUEJTKHVFGU1TFGPUMTGW\GUCWHFKG7MTCKPGJKP

902 (1:1)

70)#40

6+67.#4 -¤0+)4'+%*   

236

7PICTKUEJGT 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP =# /CI[CT —TFGOTGPF? -QOOCPFGWTMTGW\ #PHGTVKIWPI FGU 7PICTK-   UEJGP*CWRVOÒP\COVGU5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPF\WUCOOGPOKV-PQRH- NQEJTQUGVVGKOQTKIKPCNGPIQNFHCTDGPDGFTWEMVGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK<- ++




KIRCHENSTAAT

903

904

906

905

-+4%*'056##6*'+.+)'4567*.70&8#6+-#056##6 

'JTGP\GKEJGP FGU <GPVTCN-QOKVGGU HÃ&#x2019;T FCU *GKNKIG ,CJT  5KNDGTPG $GPGOGTGPVK/GFCKNNG   $TQP\GXGTUKNDGTVCO$CPFKOIQNFHCTDGPDGFTWEMVGPQTKIKPCNGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK ++





$GPGOGTGPVK/GFCKNNG HÃ&#x2019;T 8GTFKGPUVG WO FCU *GKNKIG ,CJT  5KNDGTPG $GPGOGTGPVK/GFCKNNG   5KNDGTCWHFGT8QTFGTUGKVG5VGORGNUEJPGKFGTPCOG'/CPHCKPKWPF5KNDGTRWP\GCO$CPFKO QTKIKPCNGPOKVUKNDGTHCTDGPGO/GVCNNYCRRGP2CRUV2CWNU8+DGNGIVGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK ++



$GPGOGTGPVK/GFCKNNGHÃ&#x2019;T8GTFKGPUVGWOFKG&WTEJHÃ&#x2019;JTWPIFGU<YGKVGP8CVKMCPKUEJGP-QP\KN DKU$TQP\GPG$GPGOGTGPVK/GFCKNNG$TQP\GCO$TWUVDCPFOKV6TCIGURCPIGKOQTKIKPCNGO8GT- NGKJWPIUGVWKFCUOGVCNNGPG9CRRGP2CRUV2CWNU8+HGJNV ++





-#2+6'.&'4.#6'4#0$#5+.+-#+041/ 

-TGW\FGUJN,QJCPPGUXQO.CVGTCP/QFGNN-TGW\KP)QNF$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVCO$TWUVDCPF\W- UCOOGP OKV /KPKCVWT $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV CO $·PFEJGP KO QTKIKPCNGP DNCWGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP   8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK ++



907

/'.-+6+5%*')4+'%*+5%*-#6*1.+5%*'2#64+#4%*#6810#06+1%*+'0 70&&'/)#0<'014+'06810#.':#0&4+'070&810,'475#.'/ 

2CVTKCTEJCNKUEJGT1TFGPXQO*GKNKIGP-TGW\XQP,GTWUCNGO=1TFTG2CVTKCTEJCNFGNC5CKPVG%TQKZ FG,¾TWUCNGO?/QFGNN OKVJGNNDNCWGT'OCKNNG )TQ­QHHK\KGTUUGVDGUVGJGPFCWU)TQ­QHHK\KGTUMTGW\ $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV OKP -QTTQUKQPUURWTGP CP FGT -TQPG CO MWT\GP *CNUDCPFCDUEJPKVV   WPF$TWUVUVGTP5KNDGTDTKNNCPVKGTVVNYXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCWHFGT4Ã&#x2019;EMUGKVG*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT(KTOC5VGHCPQ,QJPUQPKP/CKNCPFWPF4QOWPFGT5KNDGTRWP\GCP0CFGN 5VÃ&#x2019;EM++ 5GVCWUWPUGTGT#WMVKQPCO,WPK-CV0T







&GT XKGTMNCUUKIG )TQ­MTGW\ )TQ­QHHK\KGT -QOOCPFGWT WPF 4KVVGT  1TFGP OKV 5KV\ KP 4QO YWTFG XQP /CZKOQU   +8 -CTFKPCN 5C[GIJ 5/52   /GNMKVKUEJ )TKGEJKUEJ-CVJQNKUEJGO 2CVTKCTEJ XQP #PVKQEJKGP WPF FGO   ICP\GP 1TKGPV XQP #NGZCPFTKGP WPF ,GTWUCNGO IGUVKHVGV &KG GTUVGP 5VCVWVGP YWTFGP XQP UGKPGO 0CEJHQNIGT   /CZKOQU 8 *CMKO   KO ,CJT  GTNCUUGP 5GKV  KUV FGUUGP 0CEJHQNIGT )TGIQT +++ .CJCO $5   )TQ­OGKUVGT FGU 1TFGPU <W GKPGO WPDGMCPPVGP <GKVRWPMV KP FGT LÃ&#x2019;PIGTGP 8GTICPIGPJGKV KUV FKG )GUVCNVWPI FGT   +PUKIPKGP PWPOGJTOKVTQVGT'OCKNNG GKPUEJNKG­NKEJFGU1TFGPUDCPFGUXGT·PFGTVYQTFGP /QFGNN 

237


ÄGYPTEN

ª$'45'' #(4+-# 

-QPXQNWVXQPUKGDGPXGTUEJKGFGPGP'JTGP\GKEJGPCWU)CDWP-QPIQWPF<CÅTG$TQP\GVGKNUXGTUKN- DGTVVGKNUXGTIQNFGVGKPGUGOCKNNKGTVLGYGKNUCPMQTTGMVGP$TWUVD·PFGTP 5VÒEM++



909

);26'0 -*'&+8#670&57.6#0#6   

#OVUCD\GKEJGP FGT 4KEJVGT FGU +PVGTPCVKQPCNGP )GTKEJVUJQHGU HÒT FKG LWTKUVKUEJG 8GTYCNVWPI XQP   I[RVGP WPF FGT 5WG\-CPCN<QPG KP #NGZCPFTKGP 5KNDGT VGKNYGKUG XGTIQNFGV VGKNYGKUG GOCKNNKGTV    Z  OO CWH FGO 4GXGTU *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC 5VQDDG KP #NGZCPFTKC WPF GT   5KNDGTRWP\GCP0CFGN6#5 4++



&KGUGU #D\GKEJGP YWTFG XQT  XQO ·I[RVKUEJGP -JGFKXGP #DDCU ++ *KNOK 2CUEJC IGUVKHVGV WPF GT PCJO   RGTUÌPNKEJ TGIGP #PVGKN CP FGUUGP 8GTYKTMNKEJWPI +ORQUCPV WPF FWTEJ UGKPG )TÌ­G UGJT DGGKPFTWEMGPF KP   CNNGTDGUVGT *GTUVGNNWPIUSWCNKV·V KO )GUEJOCEM FGT FCOCNKIGP <GKV I[RVGP \W FKGUGT <GKV KOOGT PQEJ FGT   4GIKGTWPIFGT*QJGP2HQTVGWPVGTUVGJGPFXGTHÒIVGFCOCNUPQEJÒDGTMGKPGGKIGPG1TFGP5QOKVMCPPFKG5VKHVWPI WPF 8GTYKTMNKEJWPI FKGUGU #OVUCD\GKEJGPU FWTEJCWU CNU #WUICPIURWPMV FGU UR·VGTGP ·I[RVKUEJGP 1TFGPUYGUGPU   CPIGUGJGPYGTFGP

910

-¤0+)4'+%*   

+UOCKN1TFGP=0KUEJCPCN+UOCKN?$TWUVUVGTP\WT-NCUUG&WTEJOGUUGTOO5KNDGTDTKNNCPVKGTV #WHNCIGP)QNFVNYITCXKGTVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPIFGT(KTOC.CVVGU YQJN -CKTQGT GT 5KNDGTRWP\G WPF ,CJTGURWP\G < HÒT  CP 0CFGN OKV \YGK UGKVNKEJGP   (KZKGTJCMGP$9-6#582'5 4++ &GTHÒPHMNCUUKIG1TFGPKUVXQP-ÌPKI(QWCF+  IGUVKHVGVWPFKPFGP8GTNGKJWPIUDGFKPIWPIGP XGT·PFGTVYQTFGP1HHK\KGNNKUVFGT1TFGPPCEJFGO7PVGTICPIFGT/QPCTEJKGCWHIGJQDGPYQTFGPGUUEJGKPV LGFQEJ FC­ KJP -ÌPKI (CTWM   KP UGKPGO KVCNKGPKUEJGP 'ZKN KP GVYCU XGT·PFGTVGT )GUVCNVWPI YGKVGT   XGTNKGJGPJCV

238




ÄGYPTEN

911



1TFGP FGU 0KNU =0KUEJCP CN0KN?  /QFGNN   5GV FGT  -NCUUG DGUVGJGPF CWU -NGKPQF   5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC   .CVVGUCTCDKUEJGGT5KNDGTRWP\GWPF,CJTGURWP\G#HÒTQJPG5EJWNVGTDCPFWPF$TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV VNY GOCKNNKGTV OKP -TCV\G KO /GFCKNNQPHGNF CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG   *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC .CVVGU QJPG 2WP\KGTWPI CP 0CFGN OKV \YGK UGKVNKEJGP (KZKGTJCMGP   $9-6#5$9- 5VÒEM++



 UVKHVGVG 5WNVCP *WUGKP -GOCN FGP HÒPHMNCUUKIGP 1TFGP  /QFGNN  FGUUGP 5VCVWVGP  GKPKIG PFGTWPIGP   FKGUKEJCWEJCWHFKG)GUVCNVWPIFGT+PUKIPKGPCWUYKTMVGPGTHCJTGPJCDGP /QFGNN &CU/QFGNNWPVGTUEJGKFGV UKEJ XQO  FCTKP FC­ FKG #ITCHHG FGU -NGKPQFU IQNFHCTDGP KUV WPF FGT $TWUVUVGTP XGTIQNFGVG 5VTCJNGP CWHYGKUV   0CEJ #WUTWHWPI FGT 4GRWDNKM  YWTFG GT \WP·EJUV CWHIGJQDGP  LGFQEJ GTPGWV CNU GKPMNCUUKIGT 1TFGP   IGUVKHVGV

912





913

1TFGP FGU 0KNU =0KUEJCP CN0KN?  /QFGNN  $TWUVUVGTP\WT-NCUUG5KNDGTDTKNNCPVKGTV VNYXGTIQNFGVVNYGOCKNNKGTVOKP-TCV\GKO/GFCKNNQPHGNFCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC $KEJC[ KP CTCDKUEJGP 5EJTKHV\GKEJGP OGJTGTG 2WP\GP WPVGT CPFGTGO ,CJTGURWP\G - HÒT   CP0CFGNOKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGP$9-6#5$9- ++



1TFGPFGU0KNU=0KUEJCPCN0KN?/QFGNN  &GMQTCVKQP-NCUUG5KNDGTDTKNNCPVKGTVVNY XGTIQNFGV VNY GOCKNNKGTV OKP *CCTTK­ CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC .CVVGU KP   -CKTQCOQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPFKOQTKIKPCNGP'VWKXQP.CVVGUOKVIQNFHCTDGPGO/QPQITCOOXQP-ÌPKI (W CF+ TGIXQPDKUCNU-ÌPKI $9-6#5$9- ++

 239


ร„GYPTEN

914





915

ex916

'TKPPGTWPIU'JTGP\GKEJGP \WO +PVGTPCVKQPCNGP VTQRGPOGFK\KPKUEJGP WPF J[IKGPKUEJGP -QPITGยญ   CWU #PNCยญ FGU 'KPJWPFGTVLยทJTKIGP $GUVGJGPU FGT /GFK\KPKUEJGP (CMWNVยทV \W -CKTQ KO &G\GODGT   5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVCO$ยทPFEJGPOKV0CFGN 4++

'456' 4'27$.+-  

1TFGPFGT7PCDJยทPIKIMGKV=โ€ซุงุงู„ุณุชู‚ุงู„ู„ูˆุณุงู…โ€ฌ9KUCOCN+UVKSNCN?-NGKPQF\WT-NCUUG#WUHร’JTWPI OKVJGNNTQVGT'OCKNNG5KNDGTVNYXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCWHFGT4ร’EMUGKVG-CKTQGT2WP\GHร’TGT 5KNDGTQJPG5EJWNVGTDCPF6#5H82'5 ++



1TFGP FGT 4GRWDNKM =0KUEJCP CN)WOJWTK[[CV?  /QFGNN OKV CNNIGOGKPGT #ITCHHGPยชDGTJรŒJWPI     5GVFGT-NCUUG5KNDGTDTKNNCPVKGTVVNYXGTIQNFGVVNYGOCKNNKGTVCWHFGT4ร’EMUGKVGCTCDK- UEJG*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPIFGT(KTOC$KEJC[COPGWGP*CNUDCPFCDUEJPKVVWPF$TWUVUVGTP5KNDGTDTKN- NCPVKGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV VNY GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ร’EMUGKVG CTCDKUEJG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC   $KEJC[CP0CFGNFKGCTCDKUEJRWP\KGTVKOPKEJVMQTTGMVGP'VWKFGT(KTOC#/CTKG5VWCTVKP2CTKU$7 56#582'5 5Vร’EM4++



&GTFTGKMNCUUKIG WPF-NCUUG 1TFGPHร’T8GTFKGPUVGWOFKG#DUEJCHHWPIFGT/QPCTEJKGWPFFKG'TTKEJVWPI FGT 4GRWDNKM YWTFG  XQP 5VCCVURTยทUKFGPV )COCN #DFGN 0CUUGT   IGUVKHVGV 0CEJ  YWTFG FGT   1TFGPPKEJVOGJTXGTNKGJGPWPFIKNVCNUCWHIGJQDGP



  

+PFKGUGTGTUVGP(QTOPKEJVJยทWHKI\WHKPFGPFCUQPWTHร’PH,CJTGXGTNKGJGP&GTHร’PHMNCUUKIG1TFGPKUVXQP 5VCCVRTยทUKFGPV)COCNCDFGN0CUUGTOKV)GUGV\0T\WT$GNQJPWPI\KXKNGT8GTFKGPUVGIGUVKHVGVYQTFGP  /QFGNN  /QFGNN WPF /QFGNN KUVFKG)GUVCNVWPIFGT+PUKIPKGPFWTEJ#PRCUUWPIFGT5VCCVUYCRRGP FGPLGYGKNKIGPRQNKVKUEJGP)GIGDGPJGKVGPCPIGRCยญVYQTFGP

917

8'4'+0+)6'#4#$+5%*'4'27$.+-   

240

1TFGPFGT4GRWDNKM=0KUEJCPCN)WOJWTK[[CV?/QFGNN OKVFGO9CRRGPFGT8GTGKPKIVGP#TCDK- UEJGP 4GRWDNKM    5GV FGT  -NCUUG DGUVGJGPF CWU -NGKPQF 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV VNY   XGTIQNFGV VNY GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ร’EMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC $KEJC[ KP -CKTQ KP   CTCDKUEJGT 5EJTKHV UQYKG OGJTGTG 2WP\GP CO QTKIKPCNGP 5EJWNVGTDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT   DTKNNCPVKGTVVNYXGTIQNFGVVNYGOCKNNKGTVCWHFGT4ร’EMUGKVG*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPIFGT(KTOC$KEJC[KP CTCDKUEJGT5EJTKHVWPFPKEJVKFGPVKHK\KGTDCTG2WP\GCP0CFGNFKGUGOKVOGJTGTGP2WP\GPWC-CKTQGT 2WP\GHร’TGT5KNDGTOKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGP\WUCOOGPOKV-PQRHNQEJTQUGVVGKOQTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCTDGPDGFTWEMVGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK$756#582'5 5Vร’EM++




ÄTHIOPIEN

918

4'27$.+-37#614+#.)7+0'# 

7PCDJ·PIKIMGKVU1TFGP =1TFGP FG N +PFGRGPFGPEKC?  /QFGNN OKV *CJP KO <GPVTWO    1TFGPUFGMQTCVKQP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO 1TKIKPCNDCPF OKV 6TCIGURCPIG 4( 5 $7   582'5 ++



&GT GKPMNCUUKIG 1TFGP YWTFG PCEJ 'TNCPIWPI FGT 7PCDJ·PIKIMGKV XQP 5RCPKGP CO  1MVQDGTIGUVKHVGV<W GKPGOWPDGMCPPVGP<GKVRWPMVGTJKGNVGTGKPGPGWG)GUVCNVWPI

919

6*+12+'0 -#+5'444'+%* $+5  

1TFGP FGT -ÌPKIKP XQP 5CDC  #WUHÒJTWPI QJPG 'OCKNNKGTWPI  )TQ­MTGW\UGV DGUVGJGPF CWU   -NGKPQF $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV CWH FGO 4GXGTU *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC $ # 5GXCFLKCP #FFKU   #DGDC CO 5EJWNVGTDCPF WPF$TWUVUVGTPXGTIQNFGVCP0CFGNFKGUGOKV*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPIXQP$ #5GXCFLKCPOKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGP$9-$75HH4(582'5 ++



<YGKVG#WUHÒJTWPIQJPG'OCKNNGCWUFGT'PF\GKVFGUVJKQRKUEJGP-CKUGTTGKEJGUKPFGPHTÒJGP5KGD\KIGT,CJTGPFGU <YCP\KIUVGP,CJTJWPFGTVU  

)GUVKHVGV  WTURTÒPINKEJ WPVGT -CKUGTKP <GYFKVW +   FWTEJ FGTGP 4GIGPVGP 4CU 6CHCTK /CMQPPGP   9QNFGOKMCGN   FGO UR·VGTGP -CKUGT *CKNG 5GNCUUK¾ + CNU 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP HÒT &COGP CDGT XGTOWVNKEJ   GTUVXQP*CKNG5GNCUUK¾CWU#PNC­UGKPGT-TÌPWPI\WO-CKUGTWPFDKUXGTNKGJGP'TDGUVCPFCWUUGEJU-NCUUGP

-QNNCPG )TQ­MQTFQP )TQ­QHHK\KGT -QOOCPFGWT 1HHK\KGT WPF 4KVVGT  7TURTÒPINKEJ YCTGP FKG +PUKIPKGP   FWPMGNITÒPWPFRWTRWTPGOCKNNKGTVYCUUR·VGTLGFQEJYGIGIGHCNNGPKUV&KG)TQ­MTGW\GYCTGPWC5QWXGT·PGPWPF /KVINKGFGTMÌPKINKEJGT*·WUGTXQTDGJCNVGPWPFCWHGKPGP#P\CJNXQPDGITGP\V

241


ÄTHIOPIEN

921

920

922 923



1TFGP XQO 5KGIGN -ÌPKI 5CNQOQPU  /QFGNN OKV GWTQR·KUEJGT -ÌPKIUMTQPG  -QOOCPFGWT    FGMQTCVKQP #WUHÒJTWPI QJPG 'OCKNNG 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV CO PKEJV MQTTGMVGP *CNUDCPF FGU 1TFGPU FGU   5VGTPUXQPVJKQRKGPKOPKEJVMQTTGMVGP'VWKFGT(KTOC#/CTKG5VWCTVKP2CTKU$9-6#5H 82'5H ++  (TCP\ÌUKUEJG#PHGTVKIWPIYQJNXQPFGT(KTOC#TVJWU$GTVTCPFKP2CTKUCWUFGO\YGKVGP&TKVVGNFGU<YCP\KIUVGP ,CJTJWPFGTVU  

JCV-CKUGT;ÊJ³PPKU+8XQPVJKQRKGP  FGP1TFGPCNUJÌEJUVGPFGU.CPFGUIGUVKHVGV7PVGT-CKUGT *CKNG 5GNCUUK¾ +   YWTFG GT KP GKPGP UGEJUMNCUUKIGP 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP OKV CHHKNKKGTVGT 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG   WOIGYCPFGNV FGUUGP )GUVCNVWPI KP FGT (QNIG\GKV OGJTGTGPFGTWPIGPGTHWJTWPFFGTCNUJÌEJUVGTFGU.CPFGUDKU XGTNKGJGPYWTFG



1TFGP -CKUGT /GPGNKMU ++ )TQ­QHHK\KGTUUGV DGUVGJGPF CWU )TQ­QHHK\KGTUMTGW\ $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF   GOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPFWPF$TWUVUVGTP$TQP\GVNYDTKNNCPVKGTVXGTIQNFGVVNYGOCKNNKGTV CP0CFGNOKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGPKOPKEJVMQTTGMVGP'VWKFGT(KTOC#/CTKG5VWCTVKP2CTKU $9-6#582'5 ++



(TCP\ÌUKUEJG#PHGTVKIWPIYQJNXQPFGT(KTOC#TVJWU$GTVTCPFKP2CTKUCWUFGO\YGKVGP&TKVVGNFGU<YCP\KIUVGP ,CJTJWPFGTVU  

&GT HÒPHMNCUUKIG )TQ­MTGW\ )TQ­QHHK\KGT -QOOCPFGWT 1HHK\KGT WPF 4KVVGT  8GTFKGPUVQTFGP YWTFG  WPVGT   -CKUGTKP <GYFKVW +   FWTEJ FGTGP 4GIGPVGP 4CU 6CHCTK /CMQPPGP 9QNFGOKMCGN   FGO   UR·VGTGP-CKUGT*CKNG5GNCUUK¾+IGUVKHVGVWPFDKUKPWPXGT·PFGTVGT)GUVCNVWPIXGTNKGJGP



1TFGP FGU 5VGTPU XQP VJKQRKGP  /QFGNN -QOOCPFGWTUFGMQTCVKQP $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV CO QTKIK   PCNGP *CNUDCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK $9-  6# 5HH 82'   5 ++



(TCP\ÌUKUEJG#PHGTVKIWPIYQJNXQPFGT(KTOC#TVJWU$GTVTCPFKP2CTKUCWUFGO\YGKVGP&TKVVGNFGU<YCP\KIUVGP ,CJTJWPFGTVU  

$GTGKVU  XQP -ÌPKI /GPGNKM   XQP 5JGYC FGO UR·VGTGP -CKUGT /GPGNKM ++  CNU HÒPHMNCUUKIGT   8GTFKGPUVQTFGP )TQ­MTGW\ )TQ­QHHK\KGT -QOOCPFGWT 1HHK\KGT WPF 4KVVGT  OKV CHHKNKKGTVGT 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG   IGUVKHVGV YWTFG GT DKU  XGTNKGJGP &KG )GUVCNVWPI FGT +PUKIPKGP YCT Y·JTGPF FGT NCPIGP 8GTNGKJWPIU\GKV   OGJTGTGPYGUGPVNKEJGPPFGTWPIGPWPVGTYQTHGP

 242

'JTGP\GKEJGP HÒT /KVINKGFGT FGU ·VJKQRKUEJGP 701-QPVKPIGPVU KO -QTGCMTKGI #WUHÒJTWPI QJPG   *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI$TQP\GXGTUKNDGTVCO$CPF ++




ARGENTINISCHE REPUBLIK

924

#4)'06+0+5%*'4'27$.+- 

1TFGP FGU $GHTGKGTU 5CP /CTVÃP =1TFGP FGN .KDGTVCFQT 5CP /CTVÃP? )TQ­MTGW\UGV DGUVGJGPF CWU   -NGKPQF )QNF   I   VNY GOCKNNKGTV QJPG 5EJWNVGTDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP )QNF     I   VNY GOCKNNKGTV OKV JQTK\QPVCNGT $TQUEJKGTWPI $7 5H $9-   5+ 5   82'5 5VÒEM44+++  &GT1TFGPKUVKPCNNGP-NCUUGPUGJTUGNVGPDGUQPFGTUKPFGTJKGTXQTNKGIGPFGPGEJVIQNFGPGP\WUCOOGPÒDGTI UEJYGTGP#WUHÒJTWPI)GUVKHVGVCNUUGEJUMNCUUKIGTCNNIGOGKPGT8GTFKGPUVQTFGPXQP2T·UKFGPV)GPGTCN2GFTQ2CDNQ 4COÃTG\  OKV&GMTGVXQO#WIWUVXGT·PFGTVCO/CKWPF&G\GODGT'TKUV FGT JÌEJUVG 1TFGP FGU .CPFGU &CU )TQ­MTGW\ KUV CWEJ CP FGP GTUVGP FGWVUEJGP $WPFGUMCP\NGT &T -QPTCF   #FGPCWGTCO/·T\XGTNKGJGPYQTFGP8INCWEJ2CTFQ1UECT%QPFGEQTCEKQPGU#TIGPVKPCU.C1TFGP FGN.KDGTVCFQT5CP/CTVÃP$WGPQU#KTGU

925



8GTFKGPUV1TFGP =1TFGP CN /¾TKVQ?  /QFGNN   -QOOCPFGWTMTGW\ 5KNDGT WPF $TQP\G   XGTIQNFGVWPFVNYGOCKNNKGTVCQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPF6#5H82'5 4++



&GT1TFGPKUVXQP1DGTUV,WCP&QOKPIQ2GTÉP  2T·UKFGPVXQP#TIGPVKPKGPOKV&GMTGV0TXQP  CNU 8GTFKGPUV1TFGP =1TFGP CN /¾TKVQ? IGUVKHVGV YQTFGP  /QFGNN  0CEJ FGO CO  5GRVGODGT    GTHQNIVGP4ÒEMVTKVV2GTÉPUYWTFGFKG8GTNGKJWPIFGU1TFGPUGKPIGUVGNNV

243


BÉNIN (DAHOMEY)

926



/CK1TFGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG =1TFGP FG /C[Q CN /¾TKVQ?  /QFGNN OKV (TCWGPMQRH KO /GFCKNNQP      )TQ­MTGW\UGV DGUVGJGPF CWU -NGKPQF 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF VNY GOCKNNKGTV CP UR·VGTGO   5EJWNVGTDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF VNY GOCKNNKGTV OKV JQTK\QPVCNGT $TQUEJKGTWPI WPF   \WU·V\NKEJGO(KZKGTJCMGP$756#5H82'5 5VÒEM++



2T·UKFGPV2GFTQ'WIGPKQ#TCODWTW  UVKHVGVGFGP1TFGPWPVGTFGT$G\GKEJPWPI/CK1TFGPOKV&GMTGV 0TXQO&G\GODGTPGWYQDGKGTPWPOGJTXKGT#DVGKNWPIGPWOHC­VG /CK1TFGPHÒT8GTFKGPUV /CK1TFGP HÒT /KNKV·T8GTFKGPUV /CK1TFGP HÒT /CTKPG8GTFKGPUV WPF /CK1TFGP HÒT.WHVHCJTV8GTFKGPUV  FKG LGYGKNU ÒDGT UGEJU D\Y HÒPH -NCUUGP -QNNCPG )TQ­MTGW\ )TQ­QHHK\KGT -QOOCPFGWT 1HHK\KGT WPF 4KVVGT    XGTHÒIVGP &KG +PUKIPKGP GTJKGNVGP HÒT LGFG #DVGKNWPI GKPG PGWG )GUVCNVWPI FKG #DVGKNWPI (ÒT 8GTFKGPUV GKPG   XKGNUVTCJNKIG5QPPGOKVYGKDNKEJGO-QRHFGO5KPPDKNFFGT4GRWDNKM /QFGNN 9CTWOFKG1TFGPUFGMQTCVKQPGP \WYGKNGP OKV -TCP\ÒDGTJÌJWPIGP KP XGTUEJKGFGPGP #WUHÒJTWPIGP XQTMQOOGP MQPPVG DKUJGT PQEJ PKEJV IGMN·TV   YGTFGP  

<WGKPGOUR·VGTGP<GKVRWPMVXGTOWVNKEJKO<WUCOOGPJCPIOKVFGT4ÒEMMGJT2GTÉPUCPFKG/CEJVKO,CJTG KUVCWHFGP+PUKIPKGPFGT#DVGKNWPI(ÒT8GTFKGPUVFGTYGKDNKEJG-QRHFGT4GRWDNKMFWTEJGKPGPO·PPNKEJGPGTUGV\V YQTFGP /QFGNN 9QJNPCEJFGO/KNKV·TRWVUEJKO,CJTGYKGFGTWOKUVFKGUGTFWTEJFGPHTÒJGTGPYGKDNKEJGP -QRHGTUGV\VYQTFGP/QFGNN  8IN/KPKUVGTKQFG4GNCEKQPGU'ZVGTKQTGU[%WNVQ%QPFGEQTCEKQPGU$WGPQU#KTGU  

928

927



/CK1TFGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG =1TFGP FG /C[QCN/¾TKVQ? /QFGNN OKV/·PPGTMQRHKO/GFCKNNQP   $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­QHHK\KGT #WUHÒJTWPI OKV YGK­GT 'OCKNNG 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF VNY   GOCKNNKGTV OKV JQTK\QPVCNGT $TQUEJKGTWPI WPF \WU·V\NKEJGO (KZKGTJCMGP $7 5 6# 5H 82'   5 ++



+PFKGUGT-NCUUGYWTFGFGT$TWUVUVGTPCNNGKPGQJPGYGKVGTG+PUKIPKGPYKG*CNUQFGT$TWUVMTGW\XGTNKGJGPWPFCWHFGT NKPMGP$TWUVUGKVGIGVTCIGP

$—0+0 &#*1/';  4'27$.+-&#*1/';   

244

0CVKQPCNQTFGPXQP&CJQOG[=1TFTG0CVKQPCNFW&CJQOG[?$TWUVUVGTP\WO)TQ­QHHK\KGT5KNDGTVNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN FKGUG OKV *GTUVGNNGT WPF GT 5KNDGTRWP\G FGT (KTOC #TVJWU   $GTVTCPFKP2CTKUOKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGPKOQTKIKPCNGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWKXQP#TVJWU$GTVTCPF 4(56#582'5 4++




BÉNIN (DAHOMEY) 'Z#WMVKQP$QKUIKTCTF#UUQEK¾UKP2CTKUXQO,WPK-CV0T+PFGTHQNIGPFGP-CVCNQIRQUKVKQPYKTF FKGFC\WIGJÌTKIG8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGCPIGDQVGP  

8GTNKGJGPCP)GQTIGU)QTUG  FGTDKUKPOGJTGTGPHTCP\ÌUKUEJGP4GIKGTWPIGP7PVGT5VCCVU UGMTGV·TYCT5VCCVUUGMTGV·TWPFXQPDKU/KPKUVGTKPOGJTGTGP-CDKPGVVGPWPF4GUUQTVUXQP  DKU $QVUEJCHVGTKP#NIGTKGPWPFUEJNKG­NKEJXQP UKE DKU$ÒTIGTOGKUVGTFGT5VCFV$QWNQIPG $KNNCPEQWTVKPFGT0·JGXQP2CTKU YKMKRGFKCHT  

&GTHÒPHMNCUUKIG )TQ­MTGW\)TQ­QHHK\KGT-QOOCPFGWT1HHK\KGTWPF4KVVGT CNNIGOGKPG8GTFKGPUVQTFGPYWTFGOKV )GUGV\0TXQO,WNKIGUVKHVGVWPFFWTEJFKG)GUGV\G0TXQO(GDTWCTWPF0T XQO#WIWUVXGT·PFGTV/KV)GUGV\0TXQO(GDTWCT\WT'TTKEJVWPIFGU0CVKQPCNQTFGPU XQP$¾PKPYWTFGGTCDIGUEJCHHV

929



0CVKQPCNQTFGP XQP &CJQOG[ =1TFTG 0CVKQPCN FW &CJQOG[? 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG \WO )TQ­QHHK\KGT   HÒT FGP 5VCCVUUGMTGV·T )GQTIG )QTUG FCVKGTV 2QTVQ0QXQ CO  &G\GODGT  OKV 2TG­UKGIGN WPF   1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHVXQP2T·UKFGPV*WDGTV/CIC  GKPG-PKVVGTUVGNNGFQRRGNVIGHCNVGV ++



'Z#WMVKQP$QKUIKTCTF#UUQEK¾UKP2CTKUXQO,WPK-CV0T&KGFC\WIGJÌTKIG&GMQTCVKQPYKTFKP FGTXQTJGTIGJGPFGP-CVCNQI2QUKVKQPCPIGDQVGP'KPGYGKVGTG8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGHÒT)GQTIGU)QTUGUKGJG-CV0T

930



0CVKQPCNQTFGP XQP &CJQOG[ =1TFTG 0CVKQPCN FW &CJQOG[? -QOOCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP 5KNDGT   XGTIQNFGVWPFVNYGOCKNNKGTVKO$CPFTKPI*GTUVGNNGTWPFGT5KNDGTRWP\GFGT(KTOC#TVJWU$GTVTCPF KP 2CTKU CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF \WUCOOGP OKV -PQRHNQEJTQUGVVG KO 1TKIKPCNGVWK FGT (KTOC #TVJWU   $GTVTCPFKP2CTKU4(56#582'5 ++

 245


BRASILIEN

932

931

4'27$.+-$1.+8+'0 

0CVKQPCNGT 1TFGP FGU -QPFQTU FGT #PFGP =1TFGP 0CEKQPCN FGN %QPFQT FG NQU #PFGU? $TWUVUVGTP   \WO )TQ­MTGW\ QFGT \WO )TQ­QHHK\KGT 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK CWH FGT   4ÒEMUGKVG*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPIFGT(KTOC.C4Q[CNGKP4KQFG,CPGKTQCP0CFGNOKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP (KZKGTJCMGP$'5H$9-6#5H82'5 +++ +PUGNVGPIWVGT'TJCNVWPI







&GTUGEJUMNCUUKIG -QNNCPG)TQ­MTGW\)TQ­QHHK\KGT-QOOCPFGWT1HHK\KGTWPF4KVVGT CNNIGOGKPG8GTFKGPUVQTFGP KUVXQP2T·UKFGPV$CWVKUVC5CCXGFTC/CNNGC  OKV&GMTGVXQO#RTKNIGUVKHVGVYQTFGP



0CVKQPCNGT 1TFGP FGU -QPFQTU FGT #PFGP =1TFGP 0CEKQPCN FGN %QPFQT FG NQU #PFGU? $TWUVUVGTP   \WO )TQ­MTGW\ QFGT \WO)TQ­QHHK\KGT5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTV'OCKNNGOCNGTGKOKP'OCKNNG CDURNKVVGTWPIGP KP GKPGT -TGW\CTOURKV\G WPF KO /GFCKNNQPTKPI CP 0CFGN FKGUG OKV GT 5KNDGT WPF   *GTUVGNNGTRWP\GFGT(KTOC#TVJWU$GTVTCPFKP2CTKUWPFHTCP\ÌUKUEJGT'KPHWJTRWP\GXQPDKU

5EJYCPGPRWP\G OKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGP$'5H$9-6#5H82'5 ++



(TCP\ÌUKUEJG #PHGTVKIWPIGP UKPF PKEJV J·WHKI \W HKPFGP +P FGT -NCUUG FGT )TQ­QHHK\KGTG YWTFG WPF YKTF FGT   $TWUVUVGTPCNNGKPGQJPGYGKVGTG+PUKIPKGPYKG*CNUQFGT$TWUVMTGW\XGTNKGJGPWPFCWHFGTNKPMGP$TWUVUGKVGIGVTCIGP

934

933



0CVKQPCNGT 1TFGP FGU -QPFQTU FGT #PFGP =1TFGP 0CEKQPCN FGN %QPFQT FG NQU #PFGU? -QOOCP-   FGWTMTGW\5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTV'OCKNNGOCNGTGKQDGTHN·EJNKEJG%JKRUKPFGTDNCWGP'OCKNNG CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FGU -QPFQTU *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC .C 4Q[CNG KP 4KQ FG ,CPGKTQ $'   5H$9-6#5H82'5 +++



$4#5+.+'0 (¤&'4#6+8'4'27$.+- 5'+6  

0CVKQPCNGT 1TFGP XQO -TGW\ FGU 5ÒFGPU =1TFGO 0CVKQPCN FQ %TW\GKTQ FQ 5WN?  /QFGNN UGKV     $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­MTGW\ WPF \WO )TQ­QHHK\KGT NGKEJVG #WUHÒJTWPI 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF   GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC .C 4Q[CNG KP 4KQ FG,CPGKTQCP0CFGN FKGUGYQJNWPUCEJIGO·­YKGFGTDGHGUVKIV$75HH$9-QFGT82'5 ++ +P#PNGJPWPICPFGPMCKUGTNKEJGP1TFGPUVKHVGVG2T·UKFGPV)GVÐNKQ8CTICU  FGPHÒPHMNCUUKIGP8GTFKGPUV QTFGP OKV &GMTGV 0T  XQO  &G\GODGT  #O  ,WNK  YWTFG CNU QDGTUVG -NCUUG FKG UGNVGP   XGTNKGJGPG -QNNCPG FGU 1TFGPU JKP\WIGHÒIV  GTHQNIVG GKPG PFGTWPI FGT +PUEJTKHV FGU #XGTUOGFCKNNQPU FGU   -NGKPQFU XQP 4'27$.+%# &15 '56#&15 70+&15 &1 $4#5+. KP '56#&15 70+&15 &1 $4#5+.  

8INCWEJ/KPKUVGTKQFCU4GNC¼ËGU'ZVGTKQTGU1TFGO0CEKQPCNFQ%TW\GKTQFQ5WN4KQFG,CPGKTQ 

246




BRASILIEN

ex 936

937

935



0CVKQPCNGT 1TFGP XQO -TGW\ FGU 5ÒFGPU =1TFGO 0CVKQPCN FQ %TW\GKTQ FQ 5WN?  /QFGNN    #WUHÒJTWPI OKV/GFCKNNQPVGZV4'27$.+%#&15'56#&1570+&15&1$4#5+.  -QOOCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF \WUCOOGP OKV   -PQRHNQEJTQUGVVG KO 1TKIKPCNGVWK FGT (KTOC .C 4Q[CNG KP 4KQ FG ,CPGKTQ OKV IQNFGP IGFTWEMVGO   5VCCVUYCRRGP$75HH$9-82'5 ++



'Z #WMVKQP $QKUIKTCTF  #UUQEK¾U KP 2CTKU XQO  ,WPK  -CV 0T  /WVOC­NKEJ XGTNKGJGP CP )GQTIGU   )QTUG   FGT  DKU  KP OGJTGTGP HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP 4GIKGTWPIGP 7PVGT5VCCVUUGMTGV·T YCT    5VCCVUUGMTGV·T  WPF XQP  DKU  /KPKUVGT KP OGJTGTGP -CDKPGVVGP WPF 4GUUQTVU XQP  DKU    $QVUEJCHVGTKP#NIGTKGPWPFUEJNKG­NKEJXQP UKE DKU$ÒTIGTOGKUVGTFGT5VCFV$QWNQIPG$KNNCPEQWTVKPFGT 0·JGXQP2CTKU YKMKRGFKCHT 



1TFGP XQP 4KQ $TCPEQ =1TFGO FG 4KQ $TCPEQ? )TQ­MTGW\UGV DGUVGJGPF CWU -NGKPQF 5KNDGT XGT   IQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP 5EJWNVGTDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF VNY   GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC * 5VGTP KP 4KQ FG ,CPGKTQ CP 0CFGN   \WUCOOGP OKV /KPKCVWT 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO $·PFEJGP WPF -PQRHNQEJTQUGVVG KO   1TKIKPCNGVWK XQP * 5VGTP OKV IQNFHCTDGP IGFTWEMVGO 1TFGPUMTGW\ OKV DGUEJ·FKIVGO 8GTUEJNW­ $7   5H6#582'5 5VÒEM++



&GT1TFGPYWTFGXQODTCUKNKCPKUEJGP5VCCVURT·UKFGPVGP,QCQ$GNEJKQT/CTSWGU)QWNCTV  OKV&GMTGV0T XQO(GDTWCTCNU1TFGPHÒT8GTFKGPUVGWOFKG#W­GPRQNKVKMFGU.CPFGUKPHÒPH-NCUUGP )TQ­MTGW\ )TQ­QHHK\KGT-QOOCPFGWT1HHK\KGTWPF4KVVGT HÒT+PWPF#WUN·PFGTIGUVKHVGV1TFGPVNKEJG/KVINKGFGTOÒUUGPKO FKRNQOCVKUEJGP&KGPUVV·VKIUGKPCW­GTQTFGPVNKEJG/KVINKGFGTJCDGPUQPUVKIG8GTFKGPUVGWOFKG0CVKQP&KGDGKFGP -CVGIQTKGP VTCIGP FKG INGKEJGP +PUKIPKGP &GT DTCUKNKCPKUEJG 2T·UKFGPV KUV )TQ­OGKUVGT FGU 1TFGPU FGT   #W­GPOKPKUVGTFGUUGP-CP\NGT&GT1TFGPGTHWJTOGJTHCEJPFGTWPIGPUQOKVFGP&GMTGVGP0TXQO #RTKNWPF0TXQO/·T\ 8INCWEJ/KPKUV¾TKQFG4GNC¼ËGU'ZVGTKQTGU%GTKOQPKCN#PWCTKQ FC1TFGOFG4KQ$TCPEQ$TCUÃNKC7PF/KPKUV¾TKQFQ'Z¾TEKVQ/CFCNJÃUVKEC/KNKVCT$TCUKNGKTCQ1 



1TFGP XQP 4KQ $TCPEQ =1TFGO FG 4KQ $TCPEQ?)TQ­QHHK\KGTUUGVDGUVGJGPFCWU)TQ­QHHK\KGTUMTGW\ 5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPFWPF$TWUVUVGTP5KNDGTVNYXGTIQNFGVWPFVNY GOCKNNKGTVCP0CFGNFKGUGOKVHTCP\ÌUKUEJGT'KPHWJTRWP\GXQPDKU 5EJYCPGPRWP\G \W- UCOOGPOKV-PQRHNQEJTQUGVVGKO1TKIKPCNGVWKXQP*5VGTPKP4KQFG,CPGKTQOKVIQNFHCTDGPIGFTWEMVGO 1TFGPUMTGW\$75H6#582'5 5VÒEM++

 247


BRASILIEN

938 939 (1:1)



/KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVQTFGP =1TFGO FQ /GTKVQ /KNKVCT?  #WUHÒJTWPI OKV TÒEMUGKVKIGO /GFCKNNQPVGZV   4'27$.+%#('&'4#6+81&1$4#5+.UGKV )TQ­QHHK\KGTUUGVDGUVGJGPFCWU)TQ­ QHHK\KGTUMTGW\ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT VNY   XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN FKGUG OKV HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT 'KPHWJTRWP\G XQP  DKU  5EJYC   PGPRWP\G KOIQNFHCTDGPDGFTWEMVGPQTKIKPCNGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWKFGT(KTOC4CPFCNOKV-NGDGTGUVGP$7 5HH$9-6#5H82'5 5VÒEM++



)GUVKHVGVCO,WNKJCVFGT1TFGPHÒPH-NCUUGP )TQ­MTGW\)TQ­QHHK\KGT-QOOCPFGWT1HHK\KGTWPF4KVVGT  'TMCPPKPWPFCWUN·PFKUEJGP/KNKV·TCPIGJÌTKIGPHÒTFGTDTCUKNKCPKUEJGP4GRWDNKMIGNGKUVGVG&KGPUVGKPDGUQPFGTGP #WUPCJOGH·NNGPCWEJCP<KXKNRGTUQPGPXGTNKGJGPYGTFGP 8INCWEJ/KPKUV¾TKQFQ'Z¾TEKVQ/CFCNJÃUVKEC/KNKVCT $TCUKNGKTCQ17PF.QDCVQ8CNNG*GKVQT%QPFGEQTC¼ËGU/KNKVCTGU4KQFG,CPGKTQ5 



/CTKPG8GTFKGPUVQTFGP =1TFGO FQ /GTKVQ 0CXCN? /KPKCVWT \WO )TQ­QHHK\KGT 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGVWPF GOCKNNKGTV CO $TWUVDCPF OKV CWHIGNGIVGT )QNF WPF 5KNDGTNKV\G WPF 4QUGVVG WPF RCUUGPFGT +PVGTKOU   UEJPCNNG KO QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC 5RKPM5QPKP.QPFQP$7 5 4++



941 940



1TFGPHÒT8GTFKGPUVGWOFKG/GFK\KP=1TFGOFQ/¾TKVQ/¾FKEQ?/QFGNN OKVTÒEMUGKVKIGO/G- FCKNNQPVGZV 4'2¨$.+%# ('&'4#6+8# &1 $4#5+.  UGKV   -QOOCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP XGT   IQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPFFGU6[RU$75H 4++



&GT HÒPHMNCUUKIG )TQ­MTGW\ )TQ­QHHK\KGT -QOOCPFGWT 1HHK\KGT WPF 4KVVGT  \KXKNG 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP YWTFG XQP   2T·UKFGPV'WTKEQ)CURCT&WVTC  OKV)GUGV\0TXQO/·T\IGUVKHVGV



1TFGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FKG 'T\KGJWPI =1TFGO FQ /GTKVQ 'FWECVKXQ? -QOOCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP   XGTUKNDGTVVNYXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCO*CNUDCPF$75 4++ &GT HÒPHMNCUUKIG )TQ­MTGW\ )TQ­QHHK\KGT -QOOCPFGWT 1HHK\KGT WPF 4KVVGT  \KXKNG 1TFGP YWTFG XQP 2T·UKFGPV   ,QµQ%CH¾(KNJQ  OKV&GMTGV0TXQO,CPWCTIGUVKHVGVWPFGTHQNIVGP 'TYGKVGTWPIGPWPF8GT·PFGTWPIGP

248




BURUNDI

943

942

$70&'556##6414#+/# 

/GFCKNNGFGU$WPFGUUVCCVGU4QTCKOCHÒT8GTFKGPUVGWOFKG,WUVK\=/GFCNNCFQ/¾TKVQ,WFKEK±TKQ? )QNFGPG/GFCKNNG$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCO*CNUDCPFCDUEJPKVV 44++



$4#5+.+#0+5%*'+06'40#6+10#.'70&)'5'..5%*#(6514&'0 

5QWXGT·PGT 4KVVGTQTFGP FGU JN #RQUVGNU 2CWNWU =5QDGTµQ 1TFGO FQU %CXCNGKTQU FQ 5µQ 2CWNQ   #RQUVQNQ? -NGKPQF \WO )TQ­MTGW\ $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP 5EJWNVGTDCPF DTC   UKNKCPKUEJGT0·JCTV ++



945 944

-¤0+)4'+%*   

$7470&+

-ÌPKINKEJGT1TFGPXQP-CT[GPFC=1TFTG4Q[CNFG-CT[GPFC?-QOOCPFGWTMTGW\$TQP\GXGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO PKEJV MQTTGMVGP *CNUDCPFCDUEJPKVV KP 2CRRUEJCEJVGN FGT (KTOC #TVJWU$GTVTCPF KP   2CTKU6#5 44++



9KG CNNG 1TFGPUKPUKIPKGP FGU PWT UGJT MWT\NGDKIGP -ÌPKITGKEJU $WTWPFK XQP ITQ­GT 5GNVGPJGKV 'U JCPFGNV UKEJ   JKGTDGKPKEJVWOGKPG#PHGTVKIWPIFGT2CTKUGT(KTOC#TVJWU$GTVTCPF

4'27$.+- 5'+6  

<KXKN8GTFKGPUVQTFGP =1TFTG FW /¾TKVG EKXKSWG?  /QFGNN &GMQTCVKQP KP -TGW\HQTO  $TWUVUVGTP   \WO)TQ­QHHK\KGT$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCP0CFGN$754(582'5 ++



&GT UKGDGPMNCUUKIG 1TFGP )TQ­QHHK\KGT -QOOCPFGWT 1HHK\KGT 4KVVGT )QNFGPG 5KNDGTPG WPF $TQP\GOGFCKNNG    YWTFGXQP2T·UKFGPV1DGTUV,GCP$CRVKUVG$CIC\C IGD OKV&GMTGV0TXQO,WPK\WUCOOGP OKVFGO0CVKQPCNQTFGPFGT4GRWDNKMFGO1TFGPFGT(TGWPFUEJCHVFGT8ÌNMGTWPFFGO2CVTKQVKUEJGP8GTFKGPUVQTFGP IGUVKHVGV

249


CHILE

946



1TFGPXQP2TKP\.QWKU4YCICUQTG=1TFTGFW2TKPEG.QWKU4YCICUQTG?/QFGNN TGRWDNKMCPKUEJG #WUHÒJTWPIPCEJ -QOOCPFGWTMTGW\$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPF 6#582'5 ++



&GT DGTGKVU Y·JTGPF FGU -ÌPKITGKEJU GZKUVKGTGPFG 1TFGP GTNQUEJ OKV FGT 'TTKEJVWPI FGT 4GRWDNKM  'T YCT   DGPCPPV PCEJ 2TKP\ .QWKU 4YCICUQTG   FGO \YGKVGP 5QJP -ÌPKI /YCODWVUC +8 $CPIKTKEGPIG      5GKP HTÒJGT 6QF HÒJTVG KO 9GUGPVNKEJGP \W FGP DKU KP FKG LÒPIUVG )GIGPYCTV CPFCWGTPFGP 5RCPPWPIGP   \YKUEJGPFGP*WVWWPFFGP6WVUK&GT1TFGPYCTHÒT8GTFKGPUVGWOFGP#WUINGKEJ\YKUEJGPDGKFGP8QNMUITWRRGP DGUVKOOV+PLÒPIGTGT<GKVGTTKEJVGVGFKG4GRWDNKMGKPGPGDGPHCNNUPCEJ.QWKU4YCICUQTGDGPCPPVGP1TFGPGDGPHCNNU HÒT8GTFKGPUVGWOFGP#WUINGKEJ\YKUEJGPFGP*WVWWPFFGP6WVUK

947

4'27$.+-%*+.' 

1TFGP&GO8GTFKGPUV=1TFGP#N/¾TKVQ?  D\Y%JKNGPKUEJGT1TFGP&GO8GTFKGPUV =1TFGP#N/¾TKVQFG%JKNG? UGKV /QFGNN UGKV )TQ­MTGW\UGVDGUVGJGPFCWU-NGKPQF 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF VNY GOCKNNKGTV $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV CO QTKIKPCNGP 5EJWNVGTDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP    #WUHÒJTWPI OKV MNGKPGTGP KO /GFCKNNQPHGNF IGRT·IVGP 9CRRGP QJPG GOCKNNKGTVG (GFGTP  5KNDGT WPF   $TQP\GXGTIQNFGVVNYGOCKNNKGTVOKP*CCTTKUUGKPFGTYGK­GP'OCKNNGCP0CFGNOKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP (KZKGTJCMGP KO QTKIKPCNGP DTCWPGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC *QWTU KP 5CPVKCIQ FG %JKNG OKV   CWHIGNGIVGO OGVCNNGPGP 5VCCVUYCRRGP WPF DGUEJ·FKIVGO 8GTUEJNW­ $7 5H $9-   6#   5HH82'5 5VÒEM++ &GT %JKNGPKUEJG 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP 1TFGP #N /¾TKVQ FG %JKNG  GPVYKEMGNVG UKEJ NCPIUCO CWU FGT 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG  

/GFCNNC#N/¾TKVQ XQP /QFGNN FKGWPVGTFGT2T·UKFGPVUEJCHVXQP)GTO±P4KGUEQ'TT±\WTK\   FGT XQP  DKU  TGIKGTVG CO  5GRVGODGT  OKV &GMTGV 0T  FGU -TKGIUOKPKUVGTKWOU IGUVKHVGV   YQTFGP YCT  /QFGNN  5KG YWTFG OKV 7PVGTUEJTKHV FGU 2T·UKFGPVGP XQO -TKGIUOKPKUVGTKWO JCWRVU·EJNKEJ CP   RTGW­KUEJG /KNKV·TDGTCVGT XGTNKGJGP +JT YCT UEJQP FKG  IGUVKHVGVG /GFCKNNG HÒT FGWVUEJG /KNKV·TDGTCVGT XQTCP   IGICPIGP /GFCNNCCNQU+PUVTWEVQTGU#NCOCPGU &KG)GUVCNVWPIFGTPGWGPUKNDGTPGP/GFCKNNG CODNCWYGK­TQVGO $CPF NGJPVGUKEJCPFKG(QTOFGU/QFGNNUFGTCNVGP.GIKÉPFG/¾TKVQCP   7PVGT2T·UKFGPV4COÉP$CTTQU.WEQ  FGTXQPDKUTGIKGTVGYWTFGFKG/GFCKNNGOKV&GMTGV  XQO /CK  CWH FTGK -NCUUGP   WPF  -NCUUG  GTYGKVGTV  /QFGNN  FKG  -NCUUG YKG DKUJGT KP   5KNDGTQJPG'OCKNNG WPFFKG-NCUUGKP5KNDGTOKVDNCWGO'OCKNFKGIQNFHCTDGPG-NCUUGOKVYGK­GO'OCKNYCT CO *CNUG \W VTCIGP &KG FCOCNKIG  -NCUUG KUV DKU \WO JGWVKIGP 6CI FCU 1TFGPU\GKEJGP FGT QDGTGP -NCUUGP FGU   UR·VGTGP8GTFKGPUVQTFGPUIGDNKGDGP7PVGT2T·UKFGPV#TVWTQ(QTVWPCVQ#NGUUCPFTK2CNOC  FGTXQP DKUTGIKGTVGYWTFGOKV&GMTGVXQPDGUVKOOVFC­MÒPHVKI8GTNGKJWPICWEJCP<KXKNRGTUQPGP DKU FCJKPPWTCP/KNKV·TRGTUQPGP XQTIGPQOOGPYGTFGPMÌPPGP 

250




CHILE 7PVGT 2T·UKFGPV #TVWTQ (QTVWPCVQ #NGUUCPFTK 2CNOC YWTFG OKV &GMTGV  XQP  FKG -NCUUG FGT )TQ­QHHK\KGTG   =)TCP1HKEKCN?HÒT5VCCVUQDGTJ·WRVGTJKP\WIGHÒIV /QFGNN    9·JTGPF FGT RTQXKUQTKUEJGP 4GIKGTWPI FGU 8K\GRT·UKFGPVGP .WKU $CTTQU $QTIQÇQ   FGT XQO  DKU    TGIKGTVG YWTFG FKG #WU\GKEJPWPI OKV &GMTGV  XQO  1MVQDGT   LGV\V \WO GTUVGP /CN CNU   8GTFKGPUVQTFGPDG\GKEJPGVWOFKG-NCUUGP)TQ­MTGW\WPF-QOOCPFGWTOKV5VGTPGTYGKVGTV&KGDKUJGTKIG  DKU  -NCUUG GTJKGNVGP FKG PGWGP $G\GKEJPWPIGP -QOOCPFGWT 1HHK\KGT WPF 4KVVGT 5QOKV XGTHÒIVG FGT   1TFGP ÒDGT LGV\V UGEJU -NCUUGP )TQ­MTGW\ =)TCP %TW\? )TQ­QHHK\KGT =)TCP 1HKEKCN? -QOOCPFGWT OKV 5VGTP   =%QOGPFCFQT EQP 2NCEC? -QOOCPFGWT =%QOGPFCFQT? 1HHK\KGT =1HKEKCN? WPF 4KVVGT =%CDCNNGTQ? &CU DKUJGTKIG   FTGKHCTDKIG$CPFYWTFGCW­GTHÒTFKG-NCUUG)TQ­QHHK\KGTCWHGKPHCTDKIFWPMGNDNCWIG·PFGTV /QFGNN    2T·UKFGPV%CTNQU+DCÇG\FGN%CORQ  FGTXQPDKUWPFXQPDKUTGIKGTVGTGQTICPK UKGTVGFGP1TFGPOKV*ÌEJUVGO&GMTGV0TXQO0WPOGJTCNU0CVKQPCNG#WU\GKEJPWPI=%QPFGEQ TCEKQP 0CEKQPCN? MCVGIQTKUKGTV GTJKGNV GT CNU QDGTUVG -NCUUG GKPG -QNNCPG FKG CWUUEJNKG­NKEJ 5VCCVUQDGTJ·WRVGTP   XQTDGJCNVGPKUV&KG-NCUUG-QOOCPFGWTOKV5VGTPYWTFGYKGFGTCDIGUEJCHHV&CTÒDGTJKPCWUGTJKGNVGPFKG$TWUV UVGTPGGKPGPGWG)GUVCNVWPI /QFGNN    /KV &GMTGV  XQP  ·PFGTVG 2T·UKFGPV )GPGTCN #WIWUVQ ,QU¾ 4COÉP 2KPQEJGV 7ICTVG   FGT XQP   DKUTGIKGTVGFGP0COGPFGU1TFGPUKP%JKNGPKUEJGT8GTFKGPUVQTFGP=1TFGP#N/¾TKVQFG%JKNG?   9GKVGTG 5VCVWVGP·PFGTWPIGP GTHQNIVGP OKV *ÌEJUVGO &GMTGV 0T  XQO  0QXGODGT  FGU 2T·UKFGPVGP   +DCÇG\FGN%CORQOKV*ÌEJUVGO&GMTGV0TXQO#RTKNFGU2T·UKFGPVGP+DCÇG\FGN%CORQWPFOKV *ÌEJUVGO&GMTGV0TXQO1MVQDGTFGU2T·UKFGPVGP4KECTFQ(TQKN±P.CIQU'UEWDCT IGD FGT XQPDKUTGIKGTVG   'U GZKUVKGTGP HTÒJG 'ZGORNCTG OKV FGP *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPIGP $1465%*'4 WPF 4 # 6':+'4 HTCP\ÌUK   UEJG#PHGTVKIWPI $KUYWTFGPGOCKNNKGTVG+PUKIPKGPFGT/GFCKNNGD\YFGU1TFGPUCWEJXQPFGT(KTOC#TVJWU $GTVTCPF KP 2CTKU QHHK\KGNN JGTIGUVGNNV 8QP  CP YCT FKG (KTOC 'OKNKQ *QWTU KP 5CPVKCIQ FG %JKNG FGT   CWUUEJNKG­NKEJG .KGHGTCPV FGT 1TFGPUKPUKIPKGP &KG (KTOC *QWTU JCV CNNGTFKPIU XQT  CWHIGJÌTV \W GZKUVKGTGP   9GTFKG+PUKIPKGPFGT\GKVHGTVKIVKUVPKEJVDGMCPPV  

8IN CWEJ '[\CIWKTTG ,CKOG *KUVQTKC FG NC 1TFGP #N /¾TKVQ FG %JKNG 5CPVKCIQ FG %JKNG  '[\CIWKTTG   ,CKOG.C1TFGP#N/¾TKVQFG%JKNG1JPG1TVWPFQJPG,CJT 

948





949

1TFGP&GO8GTFKGPUV=1TFGP#N/¾TKVQ?  D\Y%JKNGPKUEJGT1TFGP&GO8GTFKGPUV =1TFGP #N /¾TKVQ FG %JKNG ? UGKV    /QFGNN UGKV   -QOOCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP 5KNDGT   XGTIQNFGV WPF VNY GOCKNNKGTV $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV QJPG *CNUDCPF $7 5H $9-  6# 5HH   82'5 ++



1TFGP&GO8GTFKGPUV=1TFGP#N/¾TKVQ?  D\Y%JKNGPKUEJGT1TFGP&GO8GTFKGPUV =1TFGP #N /¾TKVQ FG %JKNG ? UGKV    /QFGNN UGKV   -QOOCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP 5KNDGT   XGTIQNFGV WPF VNY GOCKNNKGTV $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF $7 5H $9-  6#   5HH82'5 ++

 251


CHINA

950 (1:1)

-#+5'44'+%* $+5  

%*+0#

-CKUGTNKEJGT 1TFGP XQO &QRRGNVGP &TCEJGP =㞬㱟ᑌᫍ?  /QFGNN   $TWUVUVGTP \WT  -NCUUG  )TCF 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV OKV ITCXKGTVGT -QTCNNGPRGTNG WPF MNGKPGT -QTCNNGPRGTNGOGJTGTGOKP'OCKNNGCDURNKVVGTWPIGPCP0CFGN$9-6#5HH ++ &KGXGTYKTTGPFG8KGNIGUVCNVKIMGKVFGT+PUKIPKGPFGU/QFGNNU  FGUCO(GDTWCTXQP-CKUGTKP 4GIGPVKP 6\ W*UK   IGPGJOKIVGP 1TFGPU XQO &QRRGNVGP &TCEJGP HÒJTVG UEJNKG­NKEJ \W GKPGO PGWGP   GKPJGKVNKEJIGUVCNVGVGP/QFGNNFCUGKPIGHÒJTVYWTFGWPFFGUUGP+PUKIPKGPKP%JKPCJGTIGUVGNNVYWTFGP'KPG QHHK\KGNNG$GUEJTGKDWPIFGTPGWGP+PUKIPKGPKUVPKEJVDGMCPPV XIN-KPI-YQM6JG1TFGTQHVJG2TGEKQWU5VCTQH VJG&QWDNG&TCIQP PF6[RG +P,QWTPCNQHVJG1TFGTUCPF/GFCNU5QEKGV[QH#OGTKEC  0T5  

&KG -NCUUGPDG\GKEJPWPI DGHKPFGV UKEJ KP /CP5EJTKHV\GKEJGP KO /GFCKNNQPTKPI CWH FGT  WPF 7JT2QUKVKQP $KU   \WO 4GQTICPKUCVKQP FGU EJKPGUKUEJGP 1TFGPUYGUGPU \W 'PFG FGU ,CJTGU  YGKUGP FKG +PUKIPKGP FGU/QFGNNU PWT IGTKPIG 8CTKCVKQPGP KP )TÌ­G WPF KP GKPKIGP &GVCKNU CWH +P 'WTQRC XQT CNNGO KP (TCPMTGKEJ JGTIGUVGNNVG   &GMQTCVKQPGP YGKEJGP VNY LGFQEJ FGWVNKEJGT XQP FGP EJKPGUKUEJGP #WUHÒJTWPIGP CD &KG YGKVGTJKP HQTVNCWHGPFGP   8GTNGKJWPIU\CJNGPCWHFGP8GTNGKJWPIUFKRNQOGPNCUUGPFGP5EJNW­\WFC­GVYC+PUKIPKGPCNNGT-NCUUGPFGU /QFGNNU\YKUEJGPWPF\WT8GTNGKJWPIIGMQOOGPUKPF  

&KGUGU /QFGNN YWTFG DKU 'PFG  XGTNKGJGP CNU GU FWTEJ GKP XQNNMQOOGP PGW IGUVCNVGVGU CDGT CWHITWPF FGU   DCNFKIGP'PFGFGU-CKUGTTGKEJGU  PWTUGJTMWT\NGDKIGU1TFGPUU[UVGOGTUGV\VYWTFG

951

252

951 (1:1,5)



 


CHINA



-CKUGTNKEJGT 1TFGP XQO &QRRGNVGP &TCEJGP =㞬㱟ᑌᫍ?  /QFGNN   &GMQTCVKQP -NCUUG)TCF5KNDGTVNYXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVOKVDNCWGO)NCUECDQEJQPWPFMNGKPGT-QTCNNGPRGTNG CO GWTQR·KUEJGP IGVTCIGPGP 'KPMPÌRH*CNUDCPF \WUCOOGP OKV YGKVGTGP WPIGVTCIGPGO GWTQR·KUEJGP 'KPMPÌRH*CNUDCPF DGUEJPKVVGPGP GWTQR·KUEJGP *CNUDCPF WPF +PVGTKOUUEJPCNNG OKV CWHIGNGIVGT 4QUGVVG KO QTKIKPCNGP DTCWPGP IQNFHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK $9-  6# 5HH 4++



    

952 (1:1)

4'27$.+-   

1TFGPXQO)GUVTGKHVGP6KIGT=9¿P*W*UÒP%JCPI?&GMQTCVKQP-NCUUG OKVGKPGO5VGTP &WTEJ- OGUUGTOO5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVPCJG\WWPUKEJVDCTGT'OCKNNGEJKRCWHGKPGO$CPFFGT -TCP\UEJNGKHG CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC.CQ6KCP.KWPF2WP\G:++CO QTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPFOKV/GVCNNUEJPCNNGOKVQTKIKPCNGT'VWK'KPNCIGLGFQEJQJPG'VWK$9-6# 5H82'5 +++ *GTXQTTCIGPFGTJCNVGPGU'ZGORNCT







)GUVKHVGV CO  &G\GODGT  XQP 2T·UKFGPV ;WCP 5EJK-CK   CNU PGWPMNCUUKIGT 1TFGP HÒT TGIWN·TG   OKNKV·TKUEJG8GTFKGPUVGKP(TKGFGPUWPF-TKGIU\GKVGP2T·UKFGPV%JKCPI-CK5EJGM  JCVFGP1TFGP YKGFGTCWHIGJQDGP

253


CHINA

953



1TFGPFGT)QNFGPGPJTG=%JKC*Q*UÒP%JCPI?/QFGNN /GFCKNNQPTKPIOKV2WPMVGPKPFGP HÒPH (CTDGP FGT 4GRWDNKM  EC   -NGKPQF \WT  -NCUUG 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV   4ÒEMUGKVGPOGFCKNNQP DGHCNNGP OKV UQIGP 'OCKNNGRGUV UEJNGEJVG 'OCKNNKGTWPI  QJPG 5EJWNVGTDCPF   $9-6#5HH82'5 +++++



&GT PGWPMNCUUKIG 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP YWTFG CO  &G\GODGT  XQP 2T·UKFGPV ;WCP 5JK-CK IGUVKHVGV &KG   )GUVCNVWPI FGT +PUKIPKGP KUV UGJT XQO 1TFGP FGU $NCWGP &TCEJGPU DGGKPHNW­V&CUGTUVG/QFGNNWPVGTUEJGKFGVUKEJ XQO \YGKVGP FWTEJ FCU HGKPGTG &GUKIP WPF FKG JÌJGTG 3WCNKV·V FGT 8GTCTDGKVWPI KP FGT %NQKUUQPP¾'OCKNNG   2T·UKFGPV%JKCPI-CK5EJGMJCVFGP1TFGPYKGFGTCWHIGJQDGP

954



254

1TFGPFGT)QNFGPGPJTG=%JKC*Q*UÒP%JCPI?/QFGNN /GFCKNNQPTKPIOKV2WPMVGPKPFGP HÒPH (CTDGP FGT 4GRWDNKM  EC   $TWUVUVGTP \WT  -NCUUG &WTEJOGUUGT  OO 5KNDGT   XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT 1TFGPUHCDTKM FGU $ÒTQU FGT   5KGIGN 1TFGPUCDVGKNWPI FGT UVCCVNKEJGP /ÒP\G  KP 2GMKPI CP 0CFGN FKGUG WPF FGT 0CFGNJCMGP OKV   HTCP\ÌUKUEJG 'KPHWJTRWP\G XQP  DKU  5EJYCPGPRWP\G  OKV \YGK UGKVNKEJGP (KZKGTJCMGP   $9-6#5HH82'5 ++




DOMINIKANISCHE REPUBLIK

ex 955

956

957

&1/+0+-#0+5%*'4'27$.+- 

8GTFKGPUVQTFGPXQP,WCP2CDNQ&WCTVG=1TFGPFGN/¾TKVQFG,WCP2CDNQ&WCTVG?)TQ­QHHK\KGTUUGV HÒT <KXKNXGTFKGPUV DGUVGJGPF CWU )TQ­QHHK\KGTUMTGW\ 5KNDGT GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF OKV   /GVCNNUEJNKG­GPUEJYGFKUEJGT#TVWPF$TWUVUVGTP5KNDGTGOCKNNKGTVCWHFGO4GXGTU*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJ PWPIFGT(KTOC8KNCTFGDQ[4KGTCKP*CDCPCCP0CFGN\WUCOOGPOKV/KPKCVWTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKN NKGTVCO$·PFEJGPOKV.KV\GWPF4QUGVVGKOPKEJVRCUUGPFGP'VWKFGT(KTOC#/CTKG5VWCTVKP2CTKU $9-6#582'5 5VÒEM++



2T·UKFGPV )GPGTCNKUUKOWU &T 4CHCGN .GQPKFCU 6TWLKNNQ /QNKPC   JCV FGP UKGDGPMNCUUKIGP -QNNCPG   )TQ­MTGW\ OKV IQNFGPGO WPF UKNDGTPGO 5VGTP )TQ­QHHK\KGT -QOOCPFGWT 1HHK\KGT WPF 4KVVGT  \KXKNGP WPF   OKNKV·TKUEJGP 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP CO  (GDTWCT  \W 'JTGP FGU *GNFGP FGU 7PCDJ·PIKIMGKVUMTKGIGU IGIGP *CKVK   IGUVKHVGV'TKUVKPUKGDGP-NCUUGPXGTNKGJGPYQTFGPYQDGKGUGKP)QNFGPGU)TQ­MTGW\WPFGKP)TQ­MTGW\ICD$GK /KNKV·TXGTFKGPUVVTCIGPFKG+PUKIPKGPIGMTGW\VG5EJYGTVGT/KV&GMTGVXQO5GRVGODGTYWTFGGTFWTEJFGP PGWIGUVKHVGVGP1TFGPXQP&WCTVG5CPEJG\WPF/GNNCCDIGNÌUV



8GTFKGPUVQTFGP XQP &WCTVG 5CPEJG\ WPF /GNNC =1TFGP FGN /¾TKVQ FG &WCTVG 5CPEJG\ [ /GNNC?   $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­MTGW\ WPF \WO )TQ­QHHK\KGT LGYGKNU HÒT <KXKNXGTFKGPUV 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV   'OCKNNGTGRCTCVWTCWHGKPGO-TGW\CTOCP0CFGN$756#582'5 ++



#O  (GDTWCT  CWU #PNC­ FGU L·JTKIGP ,WDKN·WOU FGT 7PCDJ·PIKIMGKV XQP *CKVK PCEJ 9GTNKEJ KP 10    D\Y CO  5GRVGODGT  PCEJ $7 WPF 82'  JCV 2T·UKFGPV )GPGTCNKUUKOWU &T 4CHCGN .GQPKFCU 6TWLKNNQ   /QNKPC   FGP UKGDGPMNCUUKIGP -QNNCPG )TQ­MTGW\ OKV IQNFGPGO WPF UKNDGTPGO 5VGTP )TQ­QHHK\KGT   -QOOCPFGWT1HHK\KGTWPF4KVVGT \KXKNGPWPFOKNKV·TKUEJGP8GTFKGPUVQTFGP\W'JTGPFGT*GNFGPFGU7PCDJ·PIKI MGKVUMTKGIGU ,WCP 2CDNQ &WCTVG(TCPEKUEQ5CPEJG\WPF4COQP/GNNCIGUVKHVGVWPFFCFWTEJFGPDKUJGTKIGP1TFGP XQP,WCP2CDNQ&WCTVGGTUGV\V



8GTFKGPUVQTFGP XQP &WCTVG 5CPEJG\ WPF /GNNC =1TFGP FGN /¾TKVQ FG &WCTVG 5CPEJG\ [ /GNNC?   4KVVGTMTGW\HÒT<KXKNXGTFKGPUV5KNDGTVNYXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPFOKV6TCIG- URCPIG$756#582'5 44++



+PFKGUGTWPVGTUVGP-NCUUGXQPCNNGTITÌ­VGT5GNVGPJGKV

255


REPUBLIK ELFENBEINKÜSTE

958

4'27$.+-'37#&14 

959

0CVKQPCNGT 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP =1TFGP 0CEKQPCN CN /¾TKVQ?  /QFGNN CD   $TWUVUVGTP \WO   )TQ­QHHK\KGT#WUHÒJTWPI5KNDGTVNYXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTV'OCKNNGOCNGTGKCP0CFGNFKGUGWPF FGT 0CFGNJCMGP OKV HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT 'KPHWJTRWP\G XQP  DKU  5EJYCPGPRWP\G  OKV \YGK UGKV   NKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGP$75H$9-XCT6#582'5 ++



+P FKGUGT -NCUUG YKTF FGT $TWUVUVGTP FGT KFGPVKUEJ OKV FGO $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­MTGW\ KUV CNNGKPG QJPG YGKVGTG   +PUKIPKGPYKG*CNUQFGT$TWUVMTGW\XGTNKGJGPWPFCWHFGTNKPMGP$TWUVUGKVGIGVTCIGP  

&GT 1TFGPKUVCO1MVQDGT YQJNKO*KPDNKEMCWHFGP,CJTGUVCIFGT5EJNCEJVXQP2KPEJKPEJCCO /CK   XQP 2T·UKFGPV ,QU¾ .WKU 6COC[Q   IGUVKHVGV YQTFGP &KG )GUVCNVWPI FGU GTUVGP /QFGNNU FGU   \WP·EJUV FTGKMNCUUKIGP 1TFGPU GTUVG -NCUUG KP )QNF \YGKVG -NCUUG KP 5KNDGT WPF FTKVVG -NCUUG KP $TQP\G  KUV FGT   2KPEJKPEJC/GFCKNNG XQP  PCEJGORHWPFGP  YWTFG GTOKV&GMTGV0TXQO,WPKCWHUGEJU-NCUUGP

-QNNCPG)TQ­MTGW\)TQ­QHHK\KGT-QOOCPFGWT1HHK\KGTWPF4KVVGT GTYGKVGTVWPFFKG+PUKIPKGPPGWIGUVCNVGV



0CVKQPCNGT8GTFKGPUVQTFGP=1TFGP0CEKQPCNCN/¾TKVQ?/QFGNN CD -QOOCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP

OKV DNCWGO -TCP\  5KNDGT XGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPF$75H$9- 6#582'5 ++

960



4'27$.+-'.('0$'+0-ª56'

961

0CVKQPCNQTFGP=1TFTG0CVKQPCN?-QOOCPFGWTMTGW\5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTV'OCKNNGCDURNKVVG- TWPIGPKO/GFCKNNQPTKPIKO$CPFTKPIPKEJVKFGPVKHK\KGTDCTGHTCP\ÌUKUEJG*GTUVGNNGTRWP\GCOQTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPFKOPKEJVMQTTGMVGP'VWKFGT(KTOC#/CTKG5VWCTVKP2CTKU$75H4(56#5 82'5 ++



.CPFYKTVUEJCHVU8GTFKGPUVQTFGP=1TFTGFG/¾TKVG#ITKEQNG?-QOOCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP5KNDGTXGTIQN- FGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV OKP 'OCKNNGCWUDTÒEJG KO XQTFGT WPF TÒEMUGKVKIGP /GFCKNNQPTKPI UQYKG KP GKPGT   -TGW\URKV\G /GFCKNNQPU FTGJDCT KO $CPFTKPI *GTUVGNNGT WPF 5KNDGTRWP\G CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF   6#5$75 44++



&GTUGEJUMNCUUKIG -QNNCPG)TQ­MTGW\)TQ­QHHK\KGT-QOOCPFGWT1HHK\KGTWPF4KVVGT CNNIGOGKPG8GTFKGPUVQTFGP YWTFGOKV&GMTGV0TXQO#RTKNIGUVKHVGV



&GT FTGKMNCUUKIG -QOOCPFGWT 1HHK\KGT WPF 4KVVGT  \KXKNG 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP YWTFG OKV &GMTGV 0T  XQO    #RTKNIGUVKHVGV

256




GABUNISCHE REPUBLIK

963

962

4'27$.+-'.5#.8#&14 

0CVKQPCN1TFGP ,QU¾ /CVKCU &GNICFQ =1TFGP 0CEKQPCN ,QU¾ /CVKCU &GNICFQ? -QOOCPFGWT-   MTGW\ $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV OKV OÌINKEJGTYGKUG GTI·P\VGO $CPFTKPI CO *CNUDCPF $7   582'5 ++



)GUVKHVGVCO#WIWUVFWTEJ)GUGV\FGMTGV0TFGT0CVKQPCNXGTUCOONWPICNUHÒPHMNCUUKIGT )TQ­MTGW\OKV )QNFGPGP5VGTP)TQ­MTGW\OKV5KNDGTPGO5VGTP)TQ­QHHK\KGT-QOOCPFGWT1HHK\KGT CNNIGOGKPGT8GTFKGPUVQTFGP $GPCPPVKUVGTPCEJFGOMCVJQNKUEJGP2TKGUVGTWPF#T\V,QU¾/CVÃCU&GNICFQ[FG.GÉP  FGO)TÒPFGT XQP 'N 5CNXCFQT &KG 5VCVWVGP YWTFGP GTNCUUGP CO  5GRVGODGT  XQP 5VCCVURT·UKFGPV )GPGTCN 5CNXCFQT   %CVCPGFC %CUVTQ 8IN -NKGVOCPP-WTV) 'N 5CNXCFQT  ,QUGRJ/CVVJKCU&GNICFQ1TFGP +P 1TFGPU.GZKMQP    $CPF$GTNKPQ, 

)#$70+5%*'4'27$.+- 

1TFGPXQOSWCVQTUVGTP=1TFTGFGN 'VQKNG'SWCVQTKCNG? /QFGNN 5VCCVUYCRRGPCWHFGO4GXGTU QJPG6TKMQNQTGUGKV -QOOCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVKO$CPFTKPIPKEJV KFGPVKHK\KGTDCTGHTCP\ÌUKUEJG*GTUVGNNGTWPF5KNDGTRWP\GCOQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPF\WUCOOGPOKV-PQRH- NQEJTQUGVVGKO1TKIKPCNGVWKFGT(KTOC#TVJWU$GTVTCPFKP2CTKU$75HH4(582'5 ++



'Z#WMVKQP$QKUIKTCTF#UUQEK¾UKP2CTKUXQO,WPK-CV0T/WVOC­NKEJXGTNKGJGPCP)GQTIGU)QTUG

  FGT  DKU  KP OGJTGTGP HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP 4GIKGTWPIGP 7PVGT5VCCVUUGMTGV·T YCT  5VCCVU   UGMTGV·TWPFXQPDKU/KPKUVGTKPOGJTGTGP-CDKPGVVGPWPF4GUUQTVUXQPDKU$QVUEJCHVGT KP#NIGTKGPWPFUEJNKG­NKEJXQP UKE DKU$ÒTIGTOGKUVGTFGT5VCFV$QWNQIPG$KNNCPEQWTVKPFGT0·JGXQP 2CTKU YKMKRGFKCHT  

&GTHÒPHMNCUUKIG )TQ­MTGW\)TQ­QHHK\KGT-QOOCPFGWT1HHK\KGTWPF4KVVGT CNNIGOGKPG8GTFKGPUVQTFGPYWTFGOKV &GMTGV 0T  XQO  #WIWUV  IGUVKHVGV $GTGKVU  PCEJ 'TNCPIWPI FGT 7PCDJ·PIKIMGKV YWTFG FCU   4ÒEMUGKVGP/GFCKNNQPFWTEJ'PVHGTPWPIFGTHTCP\ÌUKUEJGP6TKMQNQTGCDIG·PFGTV

964



0CVKQPCNGT 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP =1TFTG 0CVKQPCN FW /¾TKVG? )TQ­QHHK\KGTUUGV DGUVGJGPF CWU 1HHK\KGTU   FGMQTCVKQP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO $TWUVDCPF OKV CWHIGNGIVGT 4QUGVVG WPF $TWUVUVGTP   5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPFGOCKNNKGTVCP0CFGNFKGUGOKV*GTUVGNNGTWPFGT5KNDGTRWP\GFGT(KTOC #TVJWU$GTVTCPFKP2CTKUOKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGPKO'VWKFGT(KTOC#TVJWU$GTVTCPFKP2CTKU $754(56#582'5 5VÒEM++



0CEJHTCP\ÌUKUEJGO8QTDKNFYKTFKPFKGUGT-NCUUGMGKPG*CNUFGMQTCVKQPUQPFGTPFKG1HHK\KGTUFGMQTCVKQP\WUCOOGP OKVFGO$TWUVUVGTPXGTNKGJGPWPFIGVTCIGP&GTHÒPHMNCUUKIGCNNIGOGKPG8GTFKGPUVQTFGPYWTFGIGUVKHVGV

257


REPUBLIK GUATEMALA

965 (1:1)

4'27$.+-)7#6'/#.# 

3WGV\CN1TFGP =1TFGP FGN 3WGV\CN?  /QFGNN UGKV   )TQ­MTGW\UGV DGUVGJGPF CWU -NGKPQF   5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVHGKPG'OCKNNGOCNGTGKKOTÒEMUGKVKIGP/GFCKNNQPHGNF'OCKNNGCDRNCV\WPI KO 6TCIGTKPI RWP\KGTV QJPG 5EJWNVGTDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF VNY GOCKNNKGTV HGKPG   'OCKNNGOCNGTGK CWH FGO 4GXGTU *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC ' )CTFKPQ 5WEE %TCXCP\QNC KP   4QOCP0CFGN$756#582'5 5VÒEM++



7TURTÒPINKEJCWUFTGK )TQ­MTGW\-QOOCPFGWTWPF4KVVGT -NCUUGPDGUVGJGPFYWTFGFGTPCEJFGO0CVKQPCNXQIGN )WCVGOCNCUDGPCPPVGCNNIGOGKPG8GTFKGPUVQTFGPCO#RTKNIGUVKHVGVWPFCWHXKGT-NCUUGP )TQ­MTGW\ )TQ­QHHK\KGT-QOOCPFGWTWPF1HHK\KGT GTYGKVGTV/KV)GUGV\YWTFGFKG-QNNCPGPMNCUUGIGUVKHVGV1HHK\KGNNGT *GTUVGNNGTFGT+PUKIPKGPYCTHÒTXKGNG,CJTGFGTGJGOCNKIGMÌPKINKEJG*QHLWYGNKGT')CTFKPQ5WEE%TCXCP\QNCKP4QO 

7TURTÒPINKEJCWUFTGK-NCUUGPDGUVGJGPFYWTFGFGTPCEJFGO0CVKQPCNXQIGNDGPCPPVGCNNIGOGKPG8GTFKGPUVQTFGPCO #RTKNXQP2T·UKFGPV,QTIG7DKEQIGUVKHVGVWPFCWHUGEJU-NCUUGPGTYGKVGTV1HHK\KGNNGT*GTUVGNNGTFGT +PUKIPKGPYCTHÒTXKGNG,CJTGFGTGJGOCNKIGMÌPKINKEJG*QHLWYGNKGT%TCXCP\QNC0CEJH')CTFKPQKP4QO

966 (1:1)



1TFGPFGTHÒPH8WNMCPG=1TFGPFGNQU%KPEQ8QNECPGU?)TQ­MTGW\UGVDGUVGJGPFCWU-NGKPQF5KNDGT XGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVQJPG5EJWNVGTDCPFWPF$TWUVUVGTP5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCP0CFGN OKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGP$756#582'5 5VÒEM++ .CWV 9GTNKEJ KP 10 5   IGUVKHVGV CO  /·T\  YKTF FGT FTGKMNCUUKIG 1TFGP )QNFGPGU WPF 5KNDGTPGU   )TQ­MTGW\ WPF 4KVVGT  HÒT DGUQPFGTG 8GTFKGPUVG WO FKG 8GTUV·PFKIWPI \YKUEJGP FGP HÒPH \GPVTCNCOGTKMCPKUEJGP   5VCCVGPXGTNKGJGP0KEJVJ·WHKI\WHKPFGP

258




HAITI

967

4'27$.+- 

*#+6+

0CVKQPCNGT1TFGPHÒT'JTGWPF8GTFKGPUV=1TFTGPCVKQPCNF JQPPGWTGVFGO¾TKVG?)TQ­MTGW\5GV DGUVGJGPFCWU-NGKPQF5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVWPVGTJCNDFGT-WIGNÌUGHTCP\ÌUKUEJG)CTCPVKG- RWP\GUGKVHÒTGT5KNDGT -TCDDGPRWP\G OKVMWT\GO5EJWNVGTDCPF#DUEJPKVVWPF$TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGTDTKNNCPVKGTVCP0CFGNOKV*GTUVGNNGTRWP\GFGT(KTOC#TVJWU$GTVTCPFKP2CTKUWPFHTCP\ÌUKUEJGT )CTCPVKGRWP\GUGKVHÒTGT5KNDGT -TCDDGPRWP\G OKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGP ++



&GT UGEJUMNCUUKIG 1TFGP )TQ­MTGW\ OKV IQNFGPGO 5VGTP )TQ­MTGW\ )TQ­QHHK\KGT -QOOCPFGWT 1HHK\KGT WPF   4KVVGT  YWTFG CO  /CK  XQP .QWKU $QTPQ   2T·UKFGPV XQP *CKVK IGUVKHVGV FKG 1TFGPUUVCVWVGP   GTNKG­2T·UKFGPV5V¾PKQ8KPEGPV  CO,CPWCT

968



0CVKQPCNGT 1TFGP HÒT 'JTG WPF 8GTFKGPUV =1TFTG PCVKQPCN F JQPPGWT GV FG O¾TKVG? -QOOCP-   FGWTMTGW\ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT   (KTOC#TVJWU$GTVTCPFKP2CTKU$7582'5 ++

 259


REPUBLIK HONDURAS

969 (1:1)

-¤0+)4'+%**#9#++ 

-ÌPKINKEJGT 1TFGP -CNCMCWCU + =4Q[CN 1TFGT QH -CNCMCWC +? -QOOCPFGWTMTGW\ )QNF GOCKNNKGTV   IOKP'OCKNNG#DRNCV\WPIGPKOXQTFGTWPFTÒEMUGKVKIGP/GFCKNNQPTKPIKPFGT-TQPGGKPG5RKV\G CDIGDTQEJGPWPFHGJNGPFQJPG$CPF82'5H +++++  9KGCNNGMÌPKINKEJJCYCKKCPKUEJGP1TFGPUKPUKIPKGPXQPCNNGTITÌ­VGT5GNVGPJGKV





&GT XKGTMNCUUKIG )TQ­MTGW\ )TQ­QHHK\KGT -QOOCPFGWT WPF -QORCIPQP  CNNIGOGKPG 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP YWTFG XQP   -ÌPKI -CNCMCWC GKIGPVNKEJ &CXKF .C COGC -COCPCMCRW W /CJKPWNCPK 0CNCKCGJWQMCNCPK .WOKCNCPK -CN³MCWC   

 CO5GRVGODGTCWU#PNC­FGU,CJTGUVCIGUUGKPGT6JTQPDGUVGKIWPIIGUVKHVGV/KVFGO'PFGFGT /QPCTEJKG KP *CYCKK FWTEJ FKG #WUTWHWPI FGT 4GRWDNKM CO  ,WNK  GTNQUEJ CWEJ FGT 1TFGP .CWV )QTFQP   /GFECNH KP'9+5HH YWTFGFCU-QOOCPFGWTMTGW\\YKUEJGPWPFCNU)TQ­QHHK\KGTUMTGW\ \WUCOOGP OKVGKPGO$TWUVUVGTP KPUIGUCOVCP2GTUQPGP FCTWPVGTCPXKGTFGWVUEJG5VCCVUDÒTIGT WPFCNU-QOOCPFGWTMTGW\

QJPG $TWUVUVGTP  \YKUEJGP  WPF  KPUIGUCOV CP  2GTUQPGP FCTWPVGT CP UGEJU FGWVUEJG 5VCCVUDÒTIGT    XGTNKGJGP

970

4'27$.+-*10&74#5 

260

1TFGPFGTJN4QUCWPFXQPFGT<KXKNKUCVKQP=1TFGPFG5CPVC4QUC[FGNC%KXKNKUCEKÉP?/QFGNN

XQTFGTUGKVKIGU/GFCKNNQPHGNFQJPG'OCKNNG! #WUHÒJTWPI OKV4'27$.+%#&'*10&7 4#5 CWH FGO TÒEMUGKVKIGP /GFCKNNQPTKPI  #DVGKNWPI HÒT <KXKNXGTFKGPUVG -NGKPQF \WO )TQ­MTGW\   5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVOKP#DRNCV\WPIGP%JKRUWPF4GRCTCVWTGPKPFGTITÒPGP'OCKNNGGVYCU XGTUEJOWV\VCO$TWUVDCPF QJPG5EJWNVGTDCPF 6#5HH82'5 +++++




REPUBLIK HONDURAS &GT CWU FTGK #DVGKNWPIGP HÒT <KXKNXGTFKGPUV HÒT /KNKV·TXGTFKGPUV WPF HÒT TGNKIKÌUGP 8GTFKGPUV  OKV LGYGKNU HÒPH   -NCUUGP )TQ­MTGW\ )TQ­QHHK\KGT -QOOCPFGWT 1HHK\KGT WPF 4KVVGT  DGUVGJGPFG 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP YWTFG CO    (GDTWCTXQO2T·UKFGPVWPF)GPGTCNMCRKV·P,QU¾/CTÃC/GFKPC%CUVGLÉP  IGUVKHVGVUGKPGWOHCPI TGKEJGP5VCVWVGPYWTFGPCO5GRVGODGTXGTÌHHGPVNKEJV /QFGNNOKVXQNNUV·PFKIIGOCNVGPXQTFGTUGKVKIGP /GFCKNNQP\GPVTGP  0CEJ UGKPGT /CEJVÒDGTPCJOG UEJCHHVG UGKP NKDGTCNGT 0CEJHQNIGT 2T·UKFGPV %CTNQU %¾NGQ #TKCU   .QRG  FGP1TFGPYKGFGTCD0CEJFGO/¾FKPCGTPGWV2T·UKFGPVIGYQTFGPYCTHÒJTVGGTFGP 1TFGPYKGFGTGKP /QFGNNOKVIQNFHCTDGPGPWPFPWTVNYGOCKNNKGTVGPXQTFGTUGKVKIGP/GFCKNNQP\GPVTGP FGTCWEJ PCEJ UGKPGT 'ZGMWVKQP CO  ,CPWCT  YGKVGT DGUVGJGP DNKGD <W GKPGO UR·VGTGP <GKVRWPMV WPVGTDNKGD FKG   'OCKNNKGTWPI FGU XQTFGTUGKVKIGP /GFCKNNQPHGNFGU ICP\  /QFGNN  +O ,CJTG  YWTFG FGT 1TFGP XQO -QPITG­   GPFIÒNVKICWHIGJQDGP

971 973

972



1TFGPXQP(TCPEKUEQ/QTC\±P=1TFGPFG(TCPEKUEQ/QTC\±P?$TWUVUVGTP\WO)TQ­MTGW\OKV5KNDGT- PGO5VGTPWPF\WO)TQ­QHHK\KGT5KNDGTVNYXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG*GTUVGNNGTDG- \GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC ' )CTFKPQ 5WEE %TCXCP\QNC KP 4QO CP 0CFGN \WUCOOGP OKV -NGKPQF \WO   )TQ­MTGW\ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV OKP 'OCKNNGEJKR KO /GFCKNNQPTKPI GVYCU XGTUEJOWV\V   ªDGTJÌJWPIHGJNGPFQJPG5EJWNVGTDCPF$75H6#582'5 5VÒEM++



2T·UKFGPV%CTKCUJCVFGP\WP·EJUVGKPMNCUUKIGP1TFGPCO/·T\IGUVKHVGV#O/·T\YWTFGGTCWH UGEJU-NCUUGP )TQ­MTGW\OKV)QNFGPGOWPFOKVUKNDGTPGO5VGTP)TQ­QHHK\KGT-QOOCPFGWT1HHK\KGTWPF4KVVGT  GTYGKVGTV $GPCPPV KUV FGT 1TFGP PCEJ )GPGTCN ,QU¾ (TCPEKUEQ /QTC\±P 3WG\CFC   GKPGT (ÒJTWPIU   RGTUÌPNKEJMGKV FGT \GPVTCNCOGTKMCPKUEJGP (TGKJGKVUM·ORHG FGT XQP  DKU  GTUVGT 5VCCVUEJGH XQP *QPFWTCU   YCT'TYCTCWEJXQPDKUWPFXQPDKU2T·UKFGPVFGT<GPVTCNCOGTKMCPKUEJGP(ÌFGTCVKQPD\Y FGT$WPFGUTGRWDNKMXQP<GPVTCNCOGTKMCUQYKGXQPDKU5VCCVEJGHXQP'N5CNXCFQTWPF2T·UKFGPVXQP %QUVC4KECFGTFGTGJGOCNKIGMÌPKINKEJG*QHLWYGNKGT')CTFKPQUWEE%TCXCP\QNCKP4QOYCTHÒTXKGNG,CJTGFGT QHHK\KGNNG*GTUVGNNGTFGT1TFGPUKPUKIPKGP



1TFGPXQP(TCPEKUEQ/QTC\±P=1TFGPFG(TCPEKUEQ/QTC\±P?-QOOCPFGWTMTGW\$TQP\GXGTIQNFGV WPFGOCKNNKGTVCO*CNUDCPF$75H6#582'5 ++





1TFGP ,QU¾ %GEKNKQ FGN 8CNNG =1TFGP ,QU¾ %GEKNKQ FGN 8CNNG? )TQ­MTGW\UGV DGUVGJGPF CWU   -NGKPQF 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP 5EJWNVGTDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT VNY 8GT   IQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCP0CFGNOKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGP$75H6#582'5 ++



&GT 1TFGP KUVCO1MVQDGTCWU#PNC­FGU)GDWTVUVCIUFGUGTUVGP5VCCVURT·UKFGPVGP,QU¾%GEKNKQ&ÃC\ FGN8CNNG  IGUVKHVGVYQTFGPWPFYKTFKPUKGDGP-NCUUGPXGTNKGJGP

261


JAPAN

974 (1:1,5)

-┬д0+)4'+%*   

+4#-

1TFGP FGT <YGK (N├ТUUG =0KUEJCP #N4CHKFCKP?  /QFGNN OKV -TQPG KO /GFCKNNQP      GOCKNNKGTV&GMQTCVKQP-NCUUGOKV5EJYGTVGTP5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVKPFGTYGK┬нGP'OCKNNG FGU T├ТEMUGKVKIGP /GFCKNNQPTKPI MNGKPG #DURNKVVGTWPIGP WPF %JKRU UQYKG MCWO UKEJVDCTG 'OCKNNG   TGRCTCVWT FGT 4├ТEMUGKVG XQP FTGK 5VTCJNGP CO #DUEJPKVV FGU /KNKV┬╖T*CNUDCPFGU 6# 5H 82'   5 4+++++++



&GT1TFGPKUVXQP-├МPKI(CKUCN)JC\K+CNUH├ТPHMNCUUKIGTCNNIGOGKPGT8GTFKGPUVQTFGPIGUVKHVGVYQTFGP0CEJ FGT #WUTWHWPI FGT 4GRWDNKM YWTFG FGT 1TFGP CO  /CK  DGUV┬╖VKIV WPF GTJKGNV OKV INGKEJGO &CVWO PGWG   5VCVWVGP &KG DKUJGTKIG -TQPG KO /GFCKNNQP FGT 8QTFGTUGKVG YWTFG FWTEJ FCU 5VCCVYCRRGP CWUIGVCWUEJV 9GKVGTG   MNGKPG 8GT┬╖PFGTWPIGP FGT +PUKIPKGP GTHQNIVGP  WPF  8IN CWEJ 4CY4GGU 1YCKP 6JG 1TFGTU   &GEQTCVKQPUCPF/GFCNUQHVJG-KPIFQOQH+TCS+P,QWTPCNQHVJG1TFGTUCPF/GFCNU5QEKGV[QH#OGTKEC0Q

 5 

975 (1:1)

-#+5'44'+%*,#2#0 

262

#NNGTJ├МEJUVGT 1TFGP FGT %JT[UCPVJGOG =сК▒р╗Пр░йт│ет░╝тЭ╢  &CKMWPK MKMMCUJ─Ф? -NGKPQF \WO )TQ┬нMQTFQP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV GKPG 5VTCJNGPURKV\G NGKEJV XGTDQIGP QJPG 5EJWNVGTDCPF $75H6#5H82'5 444++



 


JAPAN &KG )GUVCNVWPI WPF 6TCIGYGKUG FGU GKPMNCUUKIGP J├МEJUVGP LCRCPKUEJGP 1TFGPU YWTFG WPVGT -CKUGT /GKLKVGPP├К  

/WVUWJKVQ OKV&GMTGV0TFGU-CKUGTNKEJGP5VCCVUTCVGUXQO&G\GODGTHGUVIGNGIVYQDGK OCP UKEJ CWH GKP JGWVG PKEJV OGJT GZKUVGPVGU &QMWOGPV CWU FGO ,CJTG  DGTWHGP JCV #NU DGUQPFGTG #WU   \GKEJPWPI UVKHVGVG -CKUGT /GKLKVGPP├К OKV MCKUGTNKEJGO 'FKMV 0T  XQO  ,CPWCT  FKG 1TFGPUMQNNCPG &KG   +PUKIPKGP FKG DKU KP FKG )GIGPYCTV PCJG\W WPXGT┬╖PFGTV XGTNKGJGP YGTFGP UKPF XQP FGO DGFGWVGPFGP %NQKUUQPP┬╛   -├ТPUVNGT*CTW[WMK*KTCVCWPFXQP5GKMKEJK5WIKOWTCIGUVCNVGVYQTFGP/KV8GTH├ТIWPI0TFGU-CDKPGVVUXQO #RTKN  YWTFG H├ТT +PJCDGT FGT -QNNCPG GKPG UQIGPCPPVG -NGKPG -QNNCPG OKV -NGKPQF KP FGT 6TCIGYGKUG \WT   #NNVCIUMNGKFWPI GKPIGH├ТJTV &WTEJ 4GIKGTWPIUGPVUEJGKF YWTFG  FKG 8GTNGKJWPI U┬╖OVNKEJGT LCRCPKUEJGT 1TFGP  

OKV#WUPCJOGFGT&GMQTCVKQPH├ТT8GTFKGPUVGWOFKG-WNVWT WPFFCOKVCWEJFGU%JT[UCPVJGOGPQTFGPUCP,CRCPGT CWUIGUGV\V#WEJOKV#PPCJOGFGTPGWGP8GTHCUUWPIKO/CKDNKGDFKG8GTNGKJWPIXQP1TFGPCP+PN┬╖PFGTDKU CWH 9GKVGTGU UWURGPFKGTV CNNGTFKPIU GTJKGNV 2TKP\ #MKJKVQ FGT IGIGPY┬╖TVKIG -CKUGT FGP 1TFGP CWU #PNC┬н UGKPGT   2TQMNCOCVKQP \WO 6JTQPHQNIGT CO  0QXGODGT  WPFUGKPL├ТPIGTGT$TWFGT2TKP\*KVCEJKCWU#PNC┬нUGKPGU )GDWTVUVCIUCO0QXGODGT'TUVCO,WNKYWTFGKPGKPGT5KV\WPIFGU-CDKPGVVUFGU2TGOKGT OKPKUVGTU +MGFC GPVUEJKGFGP IGPGTGNN FKG 8GTNGKJWPI XQP 1TFGP CP +PN┬╖PFGT \W .GD\GKVGP YKGFGT \W GTO├МINKEJGP   8QP FGT WPVGT -CKUGT *GKUGKVGPP├К #MKJKVQ  IGD    FWTEJIGH├ТJTVGP 4GXKUKQP FGU LCRCPKUEJGP#WU\GKEJ PWPIUYGUGPUDNKGDFGT%JT[UCPVJGOGPQTFGPWPDGT├ТJTV

976 (1:1)



1TFGPFGT#WHIGJGPFGP5QPPG=склскетЭ╢-[QMWLKVUWUJ─Ф?WPF/QFGNN-NGKPQF\WT-NCUUG 5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVOKP8GTUEJOWV\WPIGPQJPG5EJWNVGTDCPF$75HH6#5HH 82'5 ++



&GT1TFGPKUVCO#RTKNFWTEJFGP-CKUGTNKEJGP5VCCVUTCVWPVGT-CKUGT/GKLKVGPP├К /WVUWJKVQ  OKV&GMTGV0TCNUGTUVGTFGTLCRCPKUEJGP1TFGPIGUVKHVGVYQTFGP'TYWTFGXQO<GKVRWPMVFGT5VKHVWPICPKP -NCUUGPXGTNKGJGPFKGCWEJDGIKPPGPFOKVFGT-NCUUGCNU)TQ┬нMTGW\UVWHGCNUUQNEJGDG\GKEJPGVYWTFGP5GKPGP 0COGPGTJKGNVGTGTUVOKV&GMTGV0TFGU-CKUGTNKEJGP5VCCVUTCVGUXQO&G\GODGT&KG+PUKIPKGPFKGDKU KP FKG )GIGPYCTV PCJG\W WPXGT┬╖PFGTV XGTNKGJGP YGTFGP UKPF XQP FGO DGFGWVGPFGP %NQKUUQPP┬╛-├ТPUVNGT *CTW[WMK   *KTCVC WPF XQP 5GKMKEJK 5WIKOWTC IGUVCNVGV YQTFGP &WTEJ 4GIKGTWPIUGPVUEJGKFWPI YWTFG  FKG 8GTNGKJWPI   U┬╖OVNKEJGT LCRCPKUEJGT 1TFGP OKV #WUPCJOG FGT H├ТT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FKG -WNVWT  WPF FCOKV CWEJ FGU 1TFGPU FGT   #WHIGJGPFGP 5QPPG CP ,CRCPGT CWUIGUGV\V #WEJ OKV #PPCJOG FGT PGWGP 8GTHCUUWPI KO /CK  DNKGD FKG   8GTNGKJWPIXQP1TFGPCP+PN┬╖PFGTDKUCWH9GKVGTGUUWURGPFKGTVCNNGTFKPIUYWTFGPWCKO<WUCOOGPJCPIOKVFGT PCVKQPCNGP(NWVMCVCUVTQRJGGKP\GNPG8GTNGKJWPIGPXQTIGPQOOGP'TUVCO,WNKYWTFGKPGKPGT5KV\WPI FGU-CDKPGVVUFGU2TGOKGTOKPKUVGTU+MGFCGPVUEJKGFGPIGPGTGNNFKG8GTNGKJWPIXQP1TFGPCP+PN┬╖PFGT\W.GD\GKVGP YKGFGT\WGTO├МINKEJGP&KGWPVGT-CKUGT*GKUGKVGPP├К #MKJKVQIGD FWTEJIGH├ТJTVG4GXKUKQPTGFW\KGTV FGP1TFGPCWHUGEJU5VWHGPYQDGKFKGDKUJGTKIGUKGDVGWPFCEJVG-NCUUGGTUCV\NQUIGUVTKEJGPYWTFGP&KG)GUVCNVWPI FGT+PUKIPKGPUGNDUVKUVPKEJVXGT┬╖PFGTVYQTFGP#WEJ(TCWGPM├МPPGPLGV\VOKVFKGUGO1TFGPDGNKGJGPYGTFGPWPFGU KUV CP\WPGJOGP FC┬н FKG +PUKIPKGP FGT DKUJGTKIGP \YGKVGP DKU UGEJUVGP -NCUUG KP FKGUGO (CNN CP &COGPUEJNGKHGP   ┬╖JPNKEJYKGDGKO1TFGPFGUIGJGKNKIVGP5EJCV\GU\WT8GTNGKJWPIIGNCPIGPYGTFGP

263

 


JAPAN

977 978







978 (Etui 1:1,5)

1TFGPFGT#WHIGJGPFGP5QPPG=склскетЭ╢-[QMWLKVUWUJ─Ф?WPF/QFGNN$TWUVUVGTP\WTWPF -NCUUG5KNDGTVNYXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCP0CFGNOKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGP$75HH 6#5HH82'5 +++ 1TFGP FGT #WHIGJGPFGP 5QPPG =склскетЭ╢  -[QMWLKVUW UJ─Ф?  /QFGNN   &GMQTCVKQP  -NCUUG 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF LCRCPKUEJGT 0┬╖JCTV OKV CWHIGNGIVGT 4QUGVVG \WUCOOGP OKV -PQRHNQEJTQUGVVG KO QTKIKPCNGP UEJYCT\GP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK H├ТT #WUN┬╖PFGT UQ XGTYGPFGV YQJN DKU 'PFG FGT GT ,CJTG  OKV LCRCPKUEJGP 5EJTKHV\GKEJGP WPF TQVGP -QTFGNPOKV3WCUVGP$75HH6#5HH82'5 +++







     



979



1TFGP FGT #WHIGJGPFGP 5QPPG =склскетЭ╢  -[QMWLKVUW UJ─Ф? 1TKIKPCNG 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG \WT -NCUUGH├ТT%8GTI┬╛5GTXKEG%JGHFGT7PKXGTUCN#WUUVGNNWPIXQP2CTKUFCVKGTV6QMKQCO6CIFGU  /QPCVU FGU  ,CJTGU /┬╛KLK KO ,CJTG  #&   OKV ITQ┬нGO 5VCCVUUKGIGN WPF 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV XQP -CKUGT /WVUWJKVQ   \WUCOOGP OKV QHHK\KGNNGT 7PVGTUEJTKHV KP HTCP\├МUKUEJGT5RTCEJGWPF┬кDGTUGPFWPIUUEJTGKDGPFGULCRCPKUEJGP$QVUEJCHVGTUKP2CTKUFCVKGTVCO 0QXGODGTOKVFGUUGP1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV&TGKHCEJFQRRGNVQFGTGKPHCEJIGHCNVGV 5V├ТEM++ %JCTNGU 8GTI┬╛ YCT 5VCCVUTCV#WFKVQT WPF %JGH5GMTGV┬╖T FGT &KTGMVKQP FGT #WUY┬╖TVKIGP 5GMVKQPGP FGT   9GNVCWUUVGNNWPIXQP2CTKU9GKVGTG8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGPH├ТT%JCTNGU8GTI┬╛UKGJG-CV0TWPF

264

     


JAPAN

980 (1:1)



1TFGP FGU )GJGKNKIVGP 5EJCV\GU =⍞ᐆ❶  <WKJĔ UJĔ?  /QFGNN QJPG 2CWNQYPKC $NÒVG CNU ªDGTJÌJWPI    5GV FGT  -NCUUG DGUVGJGPF CWU -NGKPQF 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTVQJPG5EJWNVGTDCPFWPF$TWUVUVGTP5KNDGTVNYXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCP0CFGNOKV\YGK UGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGP$75HH6#5H82'5 ++



  

&GT1TFGPKUVCO,CPWCTFWTEJ-CKUGT/GKLKVGPPÊ /WVUWJKVQņ OKV-CKUGTNKEJGO'FKMV0T IGUVKHVGV YQTFGP 'T YWTFG XQO <GKVRWPMV FGT 5VKHVWPI CP KP  -NCUUGP XGTNKGJGP FKG CWEJ DGIKPPGPF OKV FGT    -NCUUGCNU)TQ­MTGW\UVWHGCNUUQNEJGDG\GKEJPGVYWTFGP$GTGKVUCO/CKKUVFGT1TFGPFWTEJMCKUGTNKEJGU 'FKMV CWEJ HÒT (TCWGP \WI·PINKEJ IGOCEJV YQTFGP &GPPQEJ UKPF UGKVJGT PWT YGPKIG 8GTNGKJWPIGP CP (TCWGP   KPUDGUQPFGTGKPFGPJÌJGTGP-NCUUGPXQTIGPQOOGPYWTFGP&WTEJ4GIKGTWPIUGPVUEJGKFYWTFGFKG8GTNGKJWPI U·OVNKEJGTLCRCPKUEJGT1TFGP OKV#WUPCJOGFGU1TFGPUHÒT8GTFKGPUVGWOFKG-WNVWT WPFFCOKVCWEJFGU1TFGPU FGU)GJGKNKIVGP5EJCV\GUCP,CRCPGTCWUIGUGV\V#WEJOKV#PPCJOGFGTPGWGP8GTHCUUWPIKO/CKDNKGDFKG 8GTNGKJWPIXQP1TFGPCP+PN·PFGTDKUCWH9GKVGTGUUWURGPFKGTVCNNGTFKPIUYWTFGPWCKO<WUCOOGPJCPIOKVFGT PCVKQPCNGP(NWVMCVCUVTQRJGGKP\GNPG8GTNGKJWPIGPXQTIGPQOOGP'TUVCO,WNKYWTFGKPGKPGT5KV\WPI FGU-CDKPGVVUFGU2TGOKGTOKPKUVGTU+MGFCGPVUEJKGFGPIGPGTGNNFKG8GTNGKJWPIXQP1TFGPCP+PN·PFGT\W.GD\GKVGP YKGFGT\WGTOÌINKEJGP&KGWPVGT-CKUGT*GKUGKVGPPÊ #MKJKVQņIGD FWTEJIGHÒJTVG4GXKUKQPXGT·PFGTVG \WP·EJUV FKG ·W­GTG 'TUEJGKPWPIUHQTO FGU -NGKPQFU FGO CNU ªDGTJÌJWPI ·JPNKEJ FGO 1TFGP FGT #WHIGJGPFGP   5QPPGGKPYGK­WPFTQVGOCKNNKGTVGU2CWNQYPKC$NCVVOKV$NÒVGPUV·PFGPDGKIGHÒIVYWTFGYKGCWEJFCU1TFGPUDCPF FGUUGP)TWPFHCTDGXQPNGKEJVGOJKOOGNDNCWYGK­KPKPVGPUKXGUJGNNDNCWIG·PFGTVYWTFG&CTÒDGTJKPCWUYWTFGFGT 1TFGPFWTEJGTUCV\NQUG5VTGKEJWPIFGTDKUJGTKIGPUKGDVGPWPFCEJVGP-NCUUGCWHUGEJU5VWHGPTGFW\KGTV

981



1TFGP FGU )GJGKNKIVGP 5EJCV\GU =⍞ᐆ❶  <WKJĔ UJĔ?  /QFGNN QJPG 2CWNQYPKC $NÒVG CNU ªDGTJÌJWPI    $TWUVUVGTP  -NCUUG 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV OGJTGTG PCJG\W WPUKEJVDCTG *CCTTKUUG CP 0CFGN OKV \YGK UGKVNKEJGP (KZKGTJCMGP KO QTKIKPCNGP QMVQIQPCNGP OKV 5EJTKHV\GKEJGPDGFTWEMVGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK$75HH6#5H82'5 ++



$KUKUVFGT$TWUVUVGTPKPFKGUGT-NCUUGCNNGKPGQJPGYGKVGTG+PUKIPKGPYKG*CNUWPF$TWUVFGMQTCVKQPXGTNKGJGP WPFIGVTCIGPYQTFGP/KVFGT4GQTICPKUCVKQPYWTFGFGO$TWUVUVGTPKPFKGUGT-NCUUGGKPG*CNUFGMQTCVKQPDGKIGHÒIV

265

  


HEDJAZ UND JORDANIEN

983 982





982 (Etui 1:1,5)

    

1TFGP FGU )GJGKNKIVGP 5EJCV\GU =⍞ᐆ❶  <WKJĔ UJĔ?  /QFGNN QJPG 2CWNQYPKC $NÒVG CNU ªDGTJÌJWPI    &GMQTCVKQP  -NCUUG 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF LCRCPKUEJGT 0·JCTV LGFQEJ MGKP &TGKGEMUDCPF OKV CWHIGNGIVGT 4QUGVVG KO QTKIKPCNGP UEJYCT\GP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK HÒT #WUN·PFGT UQ XGTYGPFGV YQJN DKU 'PFG FGT GT ,CJTG  OKV LCRCPKUEJGP 5EJTKHV\GKEJGP WPF FWPMGNXKQNGVVGP -QTFGNP OKV 3WCUVGP $7 5HH 6# 5H 82' 5 +++



8GTFKGPUVMTGW\FGU,CRCPKUEJGP4QVGP-TGW\GU8GTFKGPUVQTFGPKP5KNDGT5KNDGTGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIK- PCNGP$TWUVDCPFLCRCPKUEJGT0·JTV\WUCOOGPOKV-PQRHNQEJTQUGVVGKOQTKIKPCNGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWKOKV IQNFHCTDGPGPLCRCPKUEJGP5EJTKHV\GKEJGP +++



'Z\GNNGPVGT'TJCNVWPIU\WUVCPF

984 (1:1)

*'&,#<70&,14&#0+'0 -¤0+)4'+%**'&,#<   

1TFGP FGT 9KGFGTIGDWTV =9KUCO #N0CEJFC?  /QFGNN   &GMQTCVKQP FGT  -NCUUG   5KNDGT ITCXKGTV VNY GOCKNNKGTV OKP 'OCKNNGCDRNCV\WPIGP CP FGT QTKIKPCNGP 6TCIGMQTFGN 6# 5   82'5 4++ 1DYQJN QHHK\KGNN UEJQP  IGUVKHVGV HCPFGP FKG GTUVGP 8GTNGKJWPIGP GTUV CO  1MVQDGT  UVCVV &GT 1TFGP   YCTCPH·PINKEJCNUGTPQEJCPGKPGT-QTFGNUVCVVCPGKPGO$CPFIGVTCIGPYWTFGCWHFKG6GKNPGJOGTCO#WHUVCPF IGIGPFKG6ÒTMGPDGUEJT·PMV'TYWTFGURCTUCOXGTNKGJGPJCWRVU·EJNKEJCPDTKVKUEJG1HHK\KGTG5QUQNNWCCWEJ .KGWVGPCPV%QNQPGN6'.CYTGPEG IGP.CYTGPEGXQP#TCDKGP CO1MVQDGTFGP1TFGP OÌINKEJGTYGKUG FKG-NCUUG GTJCNVGPFKGUGPLGFQEJ\WTÒEMIGYKGUGPJCDGP 4QPCNF&6'.CYTGPEG*KU1TFGTU&GEQTCVKQPU CPF /GFCNU 9G[OQWVJ   &GT 1TFGP YWTFG KP GVYCU XGT·PFGTVGT (QTO  XQO 'OKTCV 6TCPULQTFCPKGP   ÒDGTPQOOGP 8IN4CY4GGU1YCKP6JG1TFGTUCPF/GFCNUQHVJG-KPIFQOQH*GLC\+P,QWTPCNQHVJG1TFGTU CPF/GFCNU5QEKGV[QH#OGTKEC  0T5 

266




KAMBODSCHA

986

985

'/+4#664#05,14&#0+'0  70&*#5%*'/+6+5%*'5-¤0+)4'+%* ,14&#0+'0 5'+6  

1TFGP FGU 5VGTP XQP ,QTFCPKGP =‫  األردني الكوكب‬9KUCO CN-CYMCD CN7TFCPK? $TWUVUVGTP \WT   WPF \WT  -NCUUG UEJYGTG DTKVKUEJG #PHGTVKIWPI 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G FGT (KTOC )CTTCTF  %Q KP .QPFQP WPF OGJTHCEJ RWP\KGTV W C $KTOKPIJCOGT,CJTGURWP\G3HÒTCP0CFGNFKGUGOKVHTCP\ÌUKUEJGT'KPHWJTRWP\GXQPDKU  5EJYCPGPRWP\G 82'5 ++



   

)GUVKHVGVCNUHÒPHMNCUUKIGTCNNIGOGKPGT8GTFKGPUVQTFGPXQP-ÌPKI#DFWNNCJ+DKPCN*WUUGKP  



1TFGP FGT 7PCDJ·PIKIMGKV =‫  االستقالل وسام‬9KUCO CN+UVKSNCN?  /QFGNN UGKV   5GV FGT -NCUUGDGUVGJGPFCWU&GMQTCVKQPFGT-NCUUG5KNDGTVNYXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCWHFGO4GXGTU *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G FGT (KTOC )CTTCTF  %Q WPF $KTOKPIJCOGT ,CJTGURWP\G HÒT  CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGO 4GXGTU GDGPHCNNU *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G FGT (KTOC )CTTCTF  %Q WPF $KTOKPIJCOGT ,CJTGURWP\G HÒT  CP 0CFGN KO 1TKIKPCNGVWK$75H6#582'5 5VÒEM++



    

)GUVKHVGVCNUHÒPHMNCUUKIGTCNNIGOGKPGT8GTFKGPUVQTFGPXQP*WUUGKP$KP#NK5EJGTKHGPXQP/GMMCWPF-ÌPKI FGU *GFUEJCU YWTFG GT XQO 'OKTCV 6TCPULQTFCPKGP WPF UEJNKG­NKEJ  KP GVYCU XGT·PFGTVGT )GUVCNVWPI XQO   -ÌPKITGKEJ,QTFCPKGPÒDGTPQOOGP

988 987

-#/$1&5%*#

-¤0+)4'+%*706'4(4#0<¤5+5%*'/2416'-614#6   

-ÌPKINKEJGT/WPKUCTCRJQP1TFGPHÒT8GTFKGPUVGWO)GUEJKEJVUUEJTGKDWPI.KVGTCVWTWPF9KUUGP- UEJCHV=1TFTG4Q[CNFW/WPKU¾TCRJQP?4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPF KOIQNFHCTDGPTGKEJDGFTWEMVGP1TKIKPCNGVWK$75H82'5 ++



#NU \WP·EJUV GKPMNCUUKIGT 1TFGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO .KVGTCVWT WPF 9KUUGPUEJCHV YWTFG GT PCEJ FGO 8QTDKNF FGT   HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP #MCFGOKUEJGP 2CNOGP  -ÌPKI 2TGCJ $CV 5KUQYCVJ   OKV MÌPKINKEJGT 1TFQPPCP\ XQO    (GDTWCTIGUVKHVGVCWHFTGKWPFCWHHÒPH-NCUUGPGTYGKVGTV0CEJ#DUEJCHHWPIFGT/QPCTEJKG YWTFGGTPKEJVOGJTXGTNKGJGP0CEJFGOFKG/QPCTEJKGKP-CODQFUEJCYKGFGTGKPIGHÒJTVYQTFGPYCTGTPGWGTVG -ÌPKI0QTQFQO5KJCPQWM  FGP1TFGPOKVMÌPKINKEJGO&GMTGV0TXQO1MVQDGT



/KPKCVWTGPMGVVEJGP OKV HÒPH #WU\GKEJPWPIU/KPKCVWTGP FCXQP \YGK KP )QNF   4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP   FGU HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP .CPFYKTVUEJCHVU8GTFKGPUVQTFGPU   4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP FGU MÌPKINKEJGP 1TFGPU XQP   -CODQFUEJC   )QNFGPG /GFCKNNG FGU -ÌPKIU 5KUQYCVJ + 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV   )QNFGPG /GFCKNNG FGU   -ÌPKIU0QTQFQO+)QNF 4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQPFGU/QPKUCTCRJQP1TFGPU)QNF#P\YGK0CFGNP  5VÒEM++

 267


KAMBODSCHA

989

990

70#$*0)+)'5-¤0+)4'+%*   

-ÌPKINKEJGT 5QYCVJCTC1TFGP =1TFTG 4Q[CN FG 5QYCVJCTC?  /QFGNN   )TQ­MTGW\UGV   DGUVGJGPF CWU -NGKPQF 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP 5EJWNVGTDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP   5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF VNY GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN OKV \YGK UGKVNKEJGP (KZKGTJCMGP $7 5H 82'   5 4++



&GT WTURTÒPINKEJ FTGKMNCUUKIG CD  HÒPHMNCUUKIG )TQ­MTGW\ )TQ­QHHK\KGT -QOOCPFGWT 1HHK\KGT WPF 4KVVGT    1TFGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FKG .CPFYKTVUEJCHV WPF +PFWUVTKG YWTFG XQP -ÌPKI 2TGCJ $CV 5KUQYCVJ   OKV   MÌPKINKEJGT1TFQPPCP\XQO,WPKIGUVKHVGV8QPFGT4GIKGTWPIFGT4QVGP-JOGTCDIGUEJCHHVYWTFGGT XQP -ÌPKI 0QTQFQO 5KJCPQWM   PCEJ UGKPGT 4ÒEMMGJT CWH FGP 6JTQP OKV MÌPKINKEJGO &GMTGV 0T   XQO1MVQDGTYKGFGTGTTKEJVGV



-ÌPKINKEJGT 5QYCVJCTC1TFGP =1TFTG 4Q[CN FG 5QYCVJCTC?  /QFGNN   4KVVGTMTGW\   5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFVNYGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPF$75H82'5 ++



991



-ÌPKINKEJGT1TFGPXQP5CJCOGVTGK=1TFTG4Q[CNFG5CJCOGVTGK?/QFGNN  )TQ­QHHK- \KGTUUGV DGUVGJGPF CWU 1HHK\KGTUFGMQTCVKQP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF VNY GOCKNNKGTV CO $TWUVDCPF OKV   CWHIGNGIVGT4QUGVVGWPF$TWUVUVGTP5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFVNYGOCKNNKGTVCP0CFGNFKGUGOKV*GTUVGNNGT WPF GT5KNDGTRWP\G FGT (KTOC # %JQDKNNQP KP 2CTKU KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK XQP %JQDKNNQP   $75H6#582'5 5VÒEM++ &GTWTURTÒPINKEJFTGKMNCUUKIG1TFGPHÒTFKRNQOCVKUEJG8GTFKGPUVGYWTFGXQP-ÌPKI0QTQFQO5KJCPQWM   CO  5GRVGODGT  OKV MÌPKINKEJGO &GMTGV IGUVKHVGV WPF CO  #WIWUV  CWH HÒPH -NCUUG )TQ­MTGW\   )TQ­QHHK\KGT -QOOCPFGWT 1HHK\KGT WPF 4KVVGT  GTYGKVGTV 8QP FGT 4GIKGTWPI FGT 4QVGP -JOGTCDIGUEJCHHV YWTFGGTXQP-ÌPKI0QTQFQO5KJCPQWMPCEJUGKPGT4ÒEMMGJTCWHFGP6JTQPOKVMÌPKINKEJGO&GMTGV0T XQO1MVQDGTYKGFGTGTTKEJVGV

268




REPUBLIK KOLUMBIEN

992

994 993

-#/'470 56##6-#/'470   

1TFGP FGT $GFGWVWPI =1TFTG FG NC 8CNGWT  1TFGT QH 8CNQWT?  /QFGNN OKV /GFCKNNQPWOUEJTKHV   '6#6 &7 %#/'4170 WPF FGT ,CJTGU\CJN     $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­MTGW\ WPF   \WO)TQ­QHHK\KGT5KNDGTVNYXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCP0CFGNFKGUGOKV*GTUVGNNGTRWP\GFGT(KTOC #TVJWU$GTVTCPFKP2CTKUWPFHTCP\ÌUKUEJG)CTCPVKGRWP\GUGKVHÒTGT5KNDGT 'DGTMQRHRWP\G  $75H4(H6#582'5 ++ &KG+PUKIPKGPFKGUGU/QFGNNUFCUPWT,CJTGNCPIXGTNKGJGPYQTFGPKUVUKPFPKEJVJ·WHKI\WHKPFGP







&GT UKGDGPMNCUUKIG -QNNCPG )TQ­MQTFQP )TQ­MTGW\ )TQ­QHHK\KGT -QOOCPFGWT 1HHK\KGT WPF 4KVVGT  CNNIGOGKPG   1TFGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO -COGTWP YWTFG  Y·JTGPF FGT HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP /CPFCVU\GKV XQP FGT GTUVGP 4GIKGTWPI   -COGTWPUIGUVKHVGV /QFGNNOKV'6#6&7%#/'4170 0CEJ'TNCPIWPIFGT7PCDJ·PIKIMGKVYWTFG FGT 1TFGP XQPFGT4GRWDNKM-COGTWPOKVXGT·PFGTVGT+PUEJTKHV /QFGNN4'27$.+37'&7%#/'4170  ÒDGTPQOOGP LGFQEJ  OQFKHK\KGTV  /QFGNN  OKV 4'27$.+37' ('&'4#.' &7 %'/'4170     YWTFGFGT1TFGPCDGTOCNUXGT·PFGTV /QFGNNOKV4'27$.+37'70+'&7%#/'4170 WPFGTJKGNV GTUGKPGJGWVKIG)GUVCNVWPI /QFGNNOKV4'27$.+37'&7%#/'41704'27$.+%1(%#/'4110 



1TFGP FGT $GFGWVWPI =1TFTG FG NC 8CNGWT  1TFGT QH 8CNQWT?  /QFGNN OKV /GFCKNNQPWOUEJTKHV   '6#6 &7 %#/'4170 WPF FGT ,CJTGU\CJN     -QOOCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP 5KNDGT   XGTIQNFGV WPF VNY GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF \WUCOOGP OKV -PQRHNQEJTQUGVVG KO QTKIKPCNGP   8GTNGKJWPIUGVWKFGT(KTOC#TVJWU$GTVTCPFKP2CTKU$75H4(H6#582'5 4++



&KG+PUKIPKGPFKGUGU/QFGNNUFCUPWT,CJTGNCPIXGTNKGJGPYQTFGPKUVUKPFPKEJVJ·WHKI\WHKPFGP

4'27$.+--1.7/$+'0 

$Q[CEC1TFGP=1TFGPFG$Q[CEC?$TWUVUVGTP\WO)TQ­QHHK\KGT5KNDGTVNYDTKNNCPVKGTVVNYXGTIQNFGV WPFGOCKNNKGTV'OCKNNG#DRNCV\WPIGPKO/GFCKNNQPTKPICP0CFGNFKGUGOKV*GTUVGNNGTRWP\GFGT(KTOC #TVJWU$GTVTCPF KP 2CTKU UGKV  WPF HTCP\ÌUKUEJG )CTCPVKGRWP\G UGKV  HÒT GT 5KNDGT  

'DGTMQRHRWP\G  OKV \YGK UGKVNKEJGP (KZKGTJCMGP KO PKEJV MQTTGMVGP 'VWK HÒT GKPG ITQ­G /GFCKNNG   $75H$9-6#582'5 ++



+PFKGUGT-NCUUGYWTFGWPFYKTFFGT$TWUVUVGTPCNNGKPGQJPGYGKVGTG+PUKIPKGPYKG*CNUQFGT$TWUVMTGW\XGTNKGJGP WPFCWHFGTNKPMGP$TWUVUGKVGIGVTCIGP  

/KV &GMTGV 0T  XQO  #WIWUV  YCPFGNVG 2T·UKFGPV /KIWGN /GPFG\ FCU -TGW\ KP GKPGP UGEJUMNCUUKIGP   <KXKN WPF /KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVQTFGP WO 5GKPG LGV\KIGP 5VCVWVGP FGU KP\YKUEJGP PGWPMNCUUKIGP 1TFGPU -QNNCPG FGU   )TQ­OGKUVGTUCW­GTQTFGPVNKEJGU)TQ­MTGW\)TQ­MTGW\5KNDGTMTGW\)TQ­QHHK\KGT-QOOCPFGWT1HHK\KGTWPF4KVVGT  FCVKGTGPCWUFGO,CJT8INCWEJ-NKGVOCPP-WTV5EJTCFGT4WFQNHQWPF9GJNKUEJ*GKP\&KG)GUEJKEJVG FGU-TGW\GUWPF1TFGPUXQP$Q[CEC+P1TFGPUMWPFG0T$GTNKP ! 

269


KOMOREN

ex 995 996



1TFGP FGU JN -CTN =1TFGP FG 5CP %CTNQU? )TQ­MTGW\UGV DGUVGJGPF CWU -NGKPQF 5KNDGT VNY 8GT   IQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP5EJWNVGTDCPFWPF$TWUVUVGTP5KNDGTVNYXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN \WUCOOGP OKV /KPKCVWT 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO $·PFEJGP OKV CWHIGNGIVGT   4QUGVVGWPF-PQRHNQEJTQUGVVGKOQTKIKPCNGPIQNFHCTDGPDGFTWEMVGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWKFGT(KTOC(KDQ.VFC KP$QIQV¯$75H6#582'5 5VÃ&#x2019;EM4++



&GTUKGDGPMNCUUKIG\KXKNG1TFGPFGTDGUQPFGTUHÃ&#x2019;T8GTFKGPUVGWOFKG'PVYKEMNWPIFGTKPVGTPCVKQPCNGP$G\KGJWPIGP XGTNKGJGPYGTFGPMCPPYWTFGCO#WIWUVIGUVKHVGV



1TFGP FGU JN -CTN =1TFGP FG 5CP %CTNQU? $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­QHHK\KGT #WUHÃ&#x2019;JTWPI HÃ&#x2019;T &COGP   5KNDGTVNYXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCP3WGT$TQUEJKGTWPI$75H6#582'5 +



&GT$TWUVUVGTPYWTFGWPFYKTFKPFKGUGT-NCUUGCNNGKPGQJPGYGKVGTG+PUKIPKGPYKG*CNUQFGT$TWUVMTGW\XGTNKGJGP WPFIGVTCIGP

998 997



999

1TFGPHÃ&#x2019;T8GTFKGPUVGWOFKG+PFWUVTKG=1TFGPFGN/¾TKVQ+PFWUVTKCN?)TQ­MTGW\=)TCP%TW\? UKE  $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4Ã&#x2019;EMUGKVG OKV ITCXKGTVGT $G\GKEJPWPI )4#0 %47< CO   1TKIKPCNDCPFOKV6TCIGURCPIG 4++



.GKFGTMQPPVGPDKUJGTMGKPGP·JGTGP+PHQTOCVKQPGPÃ&#x2019;DGTFKGUGPOGJTMNCUUKIGP1TFGPKP'THCJTWPIIGDTCEJVYGTFGP

57.6#0#6)4155-1/14 

-1/14'0

1TFGPFGU5VGTPUXQP)TQ­-QOQT=1TFTGFGN 'VQKNGFGNC)TCPFG%QOQTG?/QFGNN-QOOCP- FGWTFGMQTCVKQP 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV OKP 'OCKNNGCWUDTÃ&#x2019;EJG KP \YGK 5VGTPURKV\GP GKP   'OCKNNGURTWPIKPGKPGO5VGTPUVTCJNCOQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPFKOPKEJVMQTTGMVGP'VWKFGT(KTOC#/CTKG 5VWCTVKP2CTKU$75H545 4+++++



(¤&'4#.' +5.#/+5%*' 4'27$.+- &'4 -1/14'0   $<9   70+10&'4-1/14'0 5'+6  

1TFGPFGU)TÃ&#x2019;PGP*CNDOQPFU=1TFTGFW%TQKUUCPV8GTV?4KVVGT&GMQTCVKQP$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPF VNYGOCKNNKGTVCO$CPFKO'VWK$75H4(582'U 4++ #NNG +PUKIPKGP FKGUGU 1TFGPU UKPF KP 'WTQRC TGNCVKX UGNVGP \W HKPFGP  &GT HÃ&#x2019;PHMNCUUKIG )TQ­MTGW\)TQ­QHHK\KGT -QOOCPFGWT1HHK\KGTWPF4KVVGT CNNIGOGKPG8GTFKGPUVQTFGPYWTFGOKVRT·UKFGPVKGNNGO&GMTGV0T24XQO #WIWUVIGUVKHVGVYQTFGP

270




KONGO

1000

1002

1001

4'27$.+--10)1 

1003

-10)1

1TFGPHÒT-QPIQNGUKUEJGP8GTFKGPUV=1TFTGFW/¾TKVG%QPIQNCKU?-QOOCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP$TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G KO $CPFTKPI CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGK-   JWPIUGVWKFGT(KTOC#TVJWU$GTVTCPFKP2CTKU$754(582'5 ++



'Z #WMVKQP $QKUIKTCTF  #UUQEK¾U KP 2CTKU XQO  ,WPK  -CV 0T  /WVOC­NKEJ XGTNKGJGP CP )GQTIGU   )QTUG   FGT  DKU  KP OGJTGTGP HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP 4GIKGTWPIGP 7PVGT5VCCVUUGMTGV·T YCT    5VCCVUUGMTGV·T  WPF XQP  DKU  /KPKUVGT KP OGJTGTGP -CDKPGVVGP WPF 4GUUQTVU XQP  DKU    $QVUEJCHVGTKP#NIGTKGPWPFUEJNKG­NKEJXQP UKE DKU$ÒTIGTOGKUVGTFGT5VCFV$QWNQIPG$KNNCPEQWTVKPFGT 0·JGXQP2CTKU YKMKRGFKCHT  

&GT WTURTÒPINKEJ FTGKMNCUUKIG -QOOCPFGWT 1HHK\KGT WPF 4KVVGT  CNNIGOGKPG 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP YWTFG XQO 2TGOKGT   OKPKUVGTWPFUR·VGTGP2T·UKFGPVGP#DD¾(WNDGTV;QWNQWOKV&GMTGV0TXQO(GDTWCTIGUVKHVGV/KV &GMTGV 0T FGUUGNDGP ,CJTGU YWTFG FKG -QNNCPG FGU 2T·UKFGPVGP FCU )TQ­MTGW\ WPF FGT )TQ­QHHK\KGT GKP   IGHÒJTV'UKUVGKPG'KIGPCTVFGU1TFGPUFC­FKG&GMQTCVKQPGPCNNGT1TFGPUMNCUUGPFKGINGKEJG)TÌ­GJCDGP



1TFGPHÒT-QPIQNGUKUEJGP8GTFKGPUV=1TFTGFW/¾TKVG%QPIQNCKU?-QOOCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP$TQP\G XGTUKNDGTVWPFGOCKNNKGTV*GTUVGNNGTRWP\GKO$CPFTKPICOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPF$754(5 82'5 ++



+PFGPDGKFGPWPVGTUVGP-NCUUGPUGNVGPKP'WTQRC\WHKPFGP



1TFGPHÒT-QPIQNGUKUEJG#WHQRHGTWPI=1TFTGFW&¾XQWGOGPV%QPIQNCKU?/QFGNN-QOOCPFGWT- FGMQTCVKQP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV *GTUVGNNGTRWP\GKO$CPFTKPICOQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPF\W- UCOOGP OKV -PQRHNQEJTQUGVVG KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC #TVJWU$GTVTCPF KP 2CTKU $7   5H4(582'5 4++



&GT HÒPHMNCUUKIG )TQ­MTGW\ )TQ­QHHK\KGT -QOOCPFGWT 1HHK\KGT WPF 4KVVGT  \KXKNG 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP YWTFG OKV   &GMTGV0TXQO,WNKIGUVKHVGV

&'/1-4#6+5%*'4'27$.+- 70&5'+6  

0CVKQPCNQTFGP FGU .GQRCTFGP=1TFTG0CVKQPCNFW.¾QRCTF?-QOOCPFGWTMTGW\HÒT<KXKNXGTFKGPUVG $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF KO PKEJV MQTTGMVGP 'VWK FGT (KTOC # /CTKG   5VWCTVKP2CTKU$75H4(56#582'5 4++



&GT HÒPHMNCUUKIG <KXKN WPF /KNKV·TXGTFKGPUVQTFGP YWTFG OKV 1TFQPPCP\)GUGV\ 0T  XQO  /CK    IGUVKHVGVWPFOKV)GUGV\0TXQO(GDTWCTUQYKGOKV1TFQPPCP\)GUGV\0TXQO/·T\ OQFKHK\KGTV

271


KOREA

1006

1005

1004

4'27$.+-<#+4'   

0CVKQPCN1TFGP XQP <CÅTG =1TFTG 0CVKQPCN FW <CÅTG? D\Y1TFGPXQP<CÅTG=1TFTGFW<CÅTG?  /QFGNN OKV 9CRRGP KO /GFCKNNQP  !  4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP $TQP\G XGTUKNDGTV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO   QTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPF$754(582'5H ++



&GT HÒPHMNCUUKIG )TQ­MTGW\ )TQ­QHHK\KGT -QOOCPFGWT 1HHK\KGT WPF 4KVVGT  <KXKN WPF /KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVQTFGP   YWTFG XQP 2T·UKFGPV /QDWVW 5GUG 5GMQ   OKV 1TFQPPCP\)GUGV\ 0T  XQO  &G\GODGT    IGUVKHVGVWPFOKV1TFQPPCP\)GUGV\0TXQO#WIWUVXGT·PFGTV'KPYGKVGTGPFGTWPIFGT+PUKIPKGP GTHQNIVG\WGKPGOWPDGMCPPVGP<GKVRWPMV/KV/QDWVWU5VWT\WPF(NWEJV#PHCPI/CKWPFFGT7ODGPGPPWPI FGU5VCCVGUKP&GOQMTCVKUEJG4GRWDNKM-QPIQCO/CKGTNQUEJCWEJFGT1TFGP

-14'# 4'27$.+- 5ª&  5'+6  

1TFGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FKG 'TTKEJVWPI FGT 0CVKQP =ᶨạ䟼㣙?  /QFGNN +PUKIPKGP OKV MWT\GP 5VTCJNGP  !  $TWUVUVGTP \WT  -NCUUG &WTEJOGUUGT  OO $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF VGKNYGKUG GOCKNNKGTV4ÒEMUGKVGGVYCU\GTMTCV\VFKGUGOKV/CVTKMGNPWOOGTCP0CFGN82'5 4++



 

9KG CNNG HTÒJGP UÒFMQTGCPKUEJGP 1TFGPUKPUKIPKGP KUV CWEJ FKGUGT 1TFGP UGJT UGNVGP  &GT \WP·EJUV FTGKMNCUUKIG   1TFGPYWTFGXQP2T·UKFGPV5[PIOCP4JGG  IGUVKHVGV<WGKPGOWPDGMCPPVGP<GKVRWPMVYWTFG FKG)GUVCNVWPIFGT+PUKIPKGPXGT·PFGTV<WGKPGOUR·VGTGPWPDGMCPPVGP<GKVRWPMVKUVGTCWHHÒPH-NCUUGPGTYGKVGTV YQTFGPFKGLGFGGKPGGKIGPG1TFGPUDG\GKEJPWPIJCVWPFFKG+PUKIPKGPYWTFGPPQEJGKPOCNXGT·PFGTV



272

1TFGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FKG 'TTKEJVWPI FGT 0CVKQP =ᶨạ䟼㣙?  /QFGNN +PUKIPKGP OKV MWT\GP 5VTCJNGP  !  *CNUFGMQTCVKQP \WT  WPF  -NCUUG $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF VGKNYGKUG GOCKNNKGTV 4ÒEMUGKVG GVYCU \GTMTCV\V FKGUG OKV /CVTKMGNPWOOGT  CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP *CNUDCPFCDUEJPKVV 82'5 4++



  


LAOS

1008 1007

-7$#

$ª4)'4.+%*' 4'27$.+- $+5  

1TFGPFGT'JTGWPFFGU8GTFKGPUVGU=1TFGPFG*QPQTG/GTKVQ? CWEJ1TFGPXQO4QVGP-TGW\ IGPCPPV /QFGNNOKV/GFCKNNQPWOUEJTKHV+06'4+0+/+%15%*#4+6#5$TWUVUVGTPFGT-NCUUG 5KNDGTDTKNNCPVKGTVTGRGTEKGTVWPFVNYXGTIQNFGVVNYGOCKNNKGTVHGKPUVG'OCKNNGOCNGTGKCP0CFGNFKGUG WPF FGT 0CFGNJCMGP OKV HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT 'KPHWJTRWP\G XQP  DKU  5EJYCPGPRWP\G  OKV \YGK   UGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGP$9- ++



&GT1TFGPKUVOKV&GMTGV0TCO(GDTWCTIGUVKHVGVYQTFGP'TDGUVCPFNCWV)WKNNG KP)'5H KPFGT -NCUUGCWUGKPGO$TWUVUVGTPFGTQJPGYGKVGTG+PUKIPKGPXGTNKGJGPWPFIGVTCIGPYWTFGKPFGT-NCUUGCWUGKPGO *CNUMTGW\WPFKPFGT-NCUUGCWUGKPGO$TWUVMTGW\  

+P WPUGTGT  #WMVKQP CO  #RTKN  -CV 0T  JCDGP YKT GKP )TQ­MTGW\UGV FKGUGU1TFGPUCPIGDQVGP DGUVGJGPFCWU-NGKPQFCO5EJWNVGTDCPFOKV$TWUVUVGTPKPGKPGO'VWKFGT(KTOC#%JQDKNNQP1DGUUKEJJKGTDGKWO GKPG 5QPFGTUVWHG QFGT WO GKPG UR·VGTG (QTO FGT  -NCUUG JCPFGNV FKG )WKNNG  PQEJ PKEJV DGUEJTKGDGP JCV   MQPPVGDKUJGTPKEJVIGMN·TVYGTFGP



1TFGPFGT'JTGWPFFGU8GTFKGPUVGU=1TFGPFG*QPQTG/GTKVQ? CWEJ1TFGPXQO4QVGP-TGW\ IGPCPPV /QFGNNOKV/GFCKNNQPWOUEJTKHV+06'4+0+/+%15%*#4+6#5-TGW\-NCUUG5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV HGKPG 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK OKP 'OCKNNGCWUDTÒEJG KO /GFCKNNQP   TKPIWPF.QTDGGTMTCP\CWHFGO$CPFTKPIHTCP\ÌUKUEJG)CTCPVKGRWP\GUGKVHÒTGT5KNDGT 'DGT MQRHRWP\G QJPG*CNUDCPF$9- 4++



1010 1009



-79#+6

/GFCKNNG HÒT FKG $GHTGKWPI XQP -WYCKV =‫  التحرير وسام‬9KUCO #N6CJTKT? /GFCKNNG  -NCUUG XGTUKNDGTVVNYGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP$CPF\WUCOOGPOKV+PVGTKOUEJPCNNGKPIQNFHCTDGPDGFTWEMVGT 8GTNGKJWPIUUEJCEJVGN/; ++



 

.#15 -¤0+)4'+%*706'4(4#0<¤5+5%*'/2416'-614#6   

-ÌPKINKEJGT 1TFGP FGT /KNNKQP 'NGRJCPVGP WPF FGU 9GK­GP 5QPPGPUEJKTOU =1TFTG 4Q[CN FW   /KNNKQP F 'N¾RJCPVU GV FW 2CTCUQN?  /QFGNN OGJTMNCUUKI    -NGKPQF \WO )TQ­MTGW\   5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVOGJTGTG'OCKNNGEJKRUWPF#DRNCV\WPIGPCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG*GTUVGNNGT DG\GKEJPWPIFGT(KTOC#WIGT(TQOGPV/GWTKEGQJPG5EJWNVGTDCPF82'5 +++++



&GT\WP·EJUVGKPMNCUUKIG1TFGPYWTFGOKVMÌPKINKEJGO&GMTGVXQO/CKXQP-ÌPKI5KUCXCPI8QPI   IGUVKHVGVWPFOKVMÌPKINKEJGO&GMTGVXQO0QXGODGTCWHHÒPH-NCUUGPGTYGKVGTV/KVFGT#DFCPMWPI XQP -ÌPKI 5CXCPI 8CVVJCPC   CO  &G\GODGT  WPF FGT 'TTKEJVWPI FGT &GOQMTCVKUEJGP   8QNMUTGRWDNKM.CQUGTNKUEJVCWEJFGT1TFGP

273


LIBANON

1011



1012

-ÌPKINKEJGT 1TFGP FGT /KNNKQP 'NGRJCPVGP WPF FGU 9GK­GP 5QPPGPUEJKTOU =1TFTG 4Q[CN FW   /KNNKQP F 'N¾RJCPVU GV FW 2CTCUQN?  /QFGNN OGJTMNCUUKI    $TWUVUVGTP $TQP\G VNY   XGTUKNDGTVVNYXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVOKP'OCKNNGEJKRUCP0CFGNOKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGP 82'5 ++



70#$*0)+)'5-¤0+)4'+%*   

-ÌPKINKEJGT 1TFGP FGT /KNNKQP 'NGRJCPVGP WPF FGU 9GK­GP 5QPPGPUEJKTOU =1TFTG 4Q[CN FW   /KNNKQP F 'N¾RJCPVU GV FW 2CTCUQN?  /QFGNN OGJTMNCUUKI    -QOOCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP   PGWGTG#PHGTVKIWPI$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCO*CNUDCPF\WUCOOGPOKV-PQRHNQEJTQUGVVGKO 'VWKFGT(KTOC$CESWGXKNNGKP2CTKU82'5 ++



1013

.+$#010 (4#0<¤5+5%*'5/#0&#65)'$+'6.+$#010   

0CVKQPCNGT<GFGTP1TFGP=‫الوطني األرزوسام‬1TFTG0CVKQPCNFW%¾FTG?/QFGNN OKVHTCP\ÌUKUEJGT 6TKMQNQTGOKV<GFGTCWHFGO4GXGTUOGFCKNNQP -QOOCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP5KNDGTXGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV OKP #DURNKVVGTWPIGP KP FGT ITÒPGP 'OCKNNG FGT <GFGT CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC #TVJWU$GTVTCPF KP 2CTKU $7 5HH 6# 5 82' 5 44++ +PFKGUGTGTUVGP#WUHÒJTWPIPWTUGJTUGNVGP\WHKPFGP 



&GT FWTEJ .GIKUNCVKX&GMTGV XQO  &G\GODGT  XQO 2T·UKFGPVGP FGT .KDCPGUKUEJGP 4GRWDNKM —OKNG 'FF¾  

  CNU WTURTÒPINKEJ GKPMNCUUKI IGUVKHVGVG CNNIGOGKPG 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP YWTFG CO  ,WPK  KP GKPGP   HÒPHMNCUUKIGP 1TFGP )TQ­MQTFQP )TQ­QHHK\KGT -QOOCPFGWT 1HHK\KGT WPF 4KVVGT  WOUVTWMVWTKGTV WPF GTPGWV CP   ,CPWCTXGT·PFGTV /QFGNN 0CEJFGOFKGKO0QXGODGTHCMVKUEJWPCDJ·PIKIIGYQTFGPG.KDCPGUK UEJG 4GRWDNKM CWEJ GKPG PGWG 5VCCVUHNCIIG CPIGPQOOGP JCVVG YWTFG FKGUG CWEJ CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FGT 1TFGPU   \GKEJGPUCPUVGNNGFGTDKUJGTKIGPHTCP\ÌUKUEJGP6TKMQNQTGOKVFGT<GFGTKOYGK­GP(GNFCPIGDTCEJV /QFGNN /KV .GIKUNCVKX&GMTGV0TXQO,WPKGTPGWGTVG5VCCVURT·UKFGPV(QWCF%J¾JCD  FGP1TFGPFGT CPNKDCPGUKUEJGWPFCWUN·PFKUEJG/·PPGTWPF(TCWGPHÒTDGUQPFGTG8GTFKGPUVGWOFGP.KDCPQPHÒTJGNFGPJCHVGWPF OWVKIG 6CVGP WPF HÒT NCPIG WPF VTGWG &KGPUVG HÒT FGP 5VCCV XGTNKGJGP MCPP 9KEJVKI KUV CP\WOGTMGP FC­ FKG   )TQ­MQTFQP-NCUUG WPF FKG 5QPFGTMNCUUG HÒT 5VCCVUQDGTJ·WRVGT FGT 'JTGPOGFCKNNG HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FGP .KDCPQP  

/¾FCKNNG FW /¾TKVG .KDCPCKU  D\Y FGU 1TFGPU HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FGP .KDCPQP 1TFTG FW /¾TKVG .KDCPCKU  ņ CD   ņH·NUEJNKEJGTYGKUGQHVCNU<GFGTPQTFGPDG\GKEJPGVYWTFGPWPFYGTFGP

274



   


LIBANON

1014

1015

.+$#0'5+5%*'4'27$.+- 5'+6  

'JTGPOGFCKNNG HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FGP .KDCPQP =/¾FCKNNG F *QPPGWT FW /¾TKVG .KDCPCKU?    /QFGNN PWTOKVCTCDKUEJGT+PUEJTKHVUGKV /GFCKNNG-NCUUG$TQP\GCOIGUVKEMVGP$CPF ++



&KG XKGTMNCUUKIG 'JTGPOGFCKNNG YWTFG CO  ,CPWCT  XQO *QEJMQOOKUUCT FGT HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP 4GIKGTWPI FGT   .GXCPVG WPF )QWXGTPGWT HÒT FGP 5VCCV FGU )TQ­.KDCPQP )GPGTCN *GPTK )QWTCWF OKV 'TNC­ 0T  IGUVKHVGV   0CEJFGODGTGKVUKO&G\GODGTFWTEJFGPGTUVGP2T·UKFGPVGPFGTPWPOGJTKIGP.KDCPGUKUEJGP4GRWDNKM%JCTNGU &GDDCU   FGT XKGTMNCUUKIGP 'JTGPOGFCKNNGGKPG)TQ­MQTFQP-NCUUGCPIGINKGFGTVYQTFGPYCTKUVCO &G\GODGTXQP2T·UKFGPV(QWCF%J¾JCD  FKG5QPFGTMNCUUGHÒT5VCCVUQDGTJ·WRVGTIGUVKHVGVYQTFGP



0CVKQPCNGT<GFGTP1TFGP=‫الوطني األرزوسام‬1TFTG0CVKQPCNFW%¾FTG?/QFGNN OKVNKDCPGUKUEJGT (CJPG CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FGT &GMQTCVKQPGP  UGKV   $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­QHHK\KGT 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGVCP0CFGNFKGUGOKV*GTUVGNNGTRWP\GFGT(KTOC#TVJWU$GTVTCPFKP2CTKUOKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP (KZKGTJCMGP$75HH6#582'5 ++



  

'Z#WMVKQP$QKUIKTCTF#UUQEK¾UKP2CTKUXQO,WPK-CV0T/WVOC­NKEJXGTNKGJGPCP)GQTIGU)QTUG

  FGT  DKU  KP OGJTGTGP HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP 4GIKGTWPIGP 7PVGT5VCCVUUGMTGV·T YCT    5VCCVUUGMTGV·T  WPF XQP  DKU  /KPKUVGT KP OGJTGTGP -CDKPGVVGP WPF 4GUUQTVU XQP  DKU    $QVUEJCHVGTKP#NIGTKGPWPFUEJNKG­NKEJXQP UKE DKU$ÒTIGTOGKUVGTFGT5VCFV$QWNQIPG$KNNCPEQWTVKPFGT 0·JGXQP2CTKU YKMKRGFKCHT 

1016 1018

1017







0CVKQPCNGT <GFGTP1TFGP =‫  الوطني  األرز وسام‬1TFTG 0CVKQPCN FW %¾FTG?  /QFGNN OKV NKDCPGUKUEJGT (CJPG CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FGT &GMQTCVKQPGP  UGKV   -QOOCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP 5KNDGT VNYXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPFKOQTKIKPCNGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWKFGT(KTOC#TVJWU $GTVTCPFKP2CTKUOKVIQNFHCTDGPGO5VCCVUGODNGO$75HH6#582'5 ++



  

0CVKQPCNGT <GFGTP1TFGP =‫  الوطني  األرز وسام‬1TFTG 0CVKQPCN FW %¾FTG?  /QFGNN OKV NKDCPGUKUEJGT (CJPG CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FGT &GMQTCVKQPGP  UGKV   1HHK\KGTUFGMQTCVKQP 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF OKV CWHIGNGIVGT 4QUGVVG \WUCOOGP OKV -PQRHNQEJTQUGVVG KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC #TVJWU$GTVTCPF KP 2CTKU OKV IQNFHCTDGPGO 5VCCVUGODNGO$75HH6#582'5 ++



(TKGFGPUOGFCKNNG=9KUCOCN5CNCO?$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVCO$TWUVDCPFOKV#WHNCIG



4++

&KG/GFCKNNGYCTDGUVKOOVHÒTFKGHTCP\ÌUKUEJGP+PVGTXGPVKQPU5VTGKVMT·HVGKP5ÒF.KDCPQP

275

   


REPUBLIK LIBERIA

1019

1021

ex 1020

1022

4'27$.+-.+$'4+# 

)TQ­GT1TFGPFGU'JTGPYGTVGP4KVVGTNKEJGP1TFGPUFGT2KQPKGTGXQP.KDGTKC=)TCPF1TFGTQHVJG /QUV8GPGTCDNG1TFGTQHVJG-PKIJVJQQFQHVJG2KQPGGTUQHVJG4GRWDNKEQH.KDGTKC?)TQ­MQTFQP 5GVDGUVGJGPFCWU-NGKPQFZOO5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVOGJTGTG#WUDTÒEJGKO/G FCKNNQPTKPIFGT4ÒEMUGKVGKPFGT¤UGHTCP\ÌUKUEJG)CTCPVKGRWP\GUGKVHÒTGT5KNDGT 'DGTMQRH RWP\G KO$CPFTKPIPKEJVKFGPVKHK\KGTDCTGHTCP\ÌUKUEJG*GTUVGNNGTWPF5KNDGTRWP\GQJPG5EJWNVGTDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTVVNYXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCP0CFGNFKGUGOKVPKEJVKFGPVKHK\KGT DCTGTHTCP\ÌUKUEJGT*GTUVGNNGTWPF5KNDGTRWP\GOKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGP$754(5 6#582'5 5VÒEM4+++++++++



&KGUGT JÌEJUVG 1TFGP FGU .CPFGU KUV CO  ,CPWCT  XQP 2T·UKFGPV 6WDOCPP IGUVKHVGV YQTFGP WPF JCV HÒPH   -NCUUGP )TQ­MQTFQP-QOOCPFGWT4KVVGT-QOOCPFGWT1HHK\KGTWPF4KVVGT 



1TFGPFGU5VGTPUXQP#HTKMC=1TFGTQHVJG5VCTQH#HTKEC?)TQ­QHHK\KGTUUGVDGUVGJGPFCWU)TQ­QHHK- \KGTUFGMQTCVKQP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV MNGKPGT 'OCKNNGCWUDTWEJ KO XQTFGTUGKVKIGP /GFCKNNQP   TKPIKO$CPFTKPI*GTUVGNNGTWPF5KNDGTRWP\GFGT(KTOC#%JQDKNNQPKP2CTKUWPFHTCP\ÌUKUEJG'KPHWJT RWP\GXQPDKU 5EJYCPGPRWP\G CO*CNUDCPFCDUEJPKVVWPF$TWUVUVGTP5KNDGTVNY8GT IQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVOKP'OCKNNGCWUDTWEJWPFEJKRUKO/GFCKNNQPTKPICP0CFGNFKGUGOKV*GTUVGNNGT WPF5KNDGTRWP\GFGT(KTOC#%JQDKNNQPOKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGPKOPKEJVMQTTGMVGP'VWKFGT (KTOC#/CTKG5VWCTVKP2CTKU$75H4(5H6#5H82'5 5VÒEM++



&GT UGEJUMNCUUKIG WTURTÒPINKEJ HÒPHMNCUUKIG  1TFGP -QNNCPG )TQ­MQTFQP -QOOCPFGWT4KVVGT -QOOCPFGWT   1HHK\KGT WPF 4KVVGT  HÒT \KXKNG 8GTFKGPUVG WO FKG 4GRWDNKM QFGT WO #HTKMC KUV  YQJN PCEJ FGO 8QTDKNF FGU   RQTVWIKGUKUEJGP1TFGPU7PUGTGT.KGDGP(TCW\WT'ORH·PIPKUXQP8KNC8K¼QUCIGUVKHVGVYQTFGP



1TFGP FGU 5VGTPU XQP #HTKMC =1TFGT QH VJG 5VCT QH #HTKEC? 4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF   GOCKNNKGTV MNGKPGT 'OCKNNGCWUDTWEJ KO XQTFGTUGKVKIGP /GFCKNNQPTKPI KO $CPFTKPI *GTUVGNNGT WPF 5KN   DGTRWP\G FGT (KTOC # %JQDKNNQP KP 2CTKU CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF 4( 5H 6# 5H 82'   5 ++



&KGDGKFGPWPVGTUVGP-NCUUGPUKPFKP'WTQRCPKEJVJ·WHKI\WHKPFGP



276

1TFGP FGT #HTKMCPKUEJGP 'TNÌUWPI =1TFGT QH VJG #HTKECP 4GFGORVKQP? WTURTÒPINKEJ 1TFGP FGT   #HTKMCPKUEJGP $GHTGKWPI  DKU   $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­MTGW\ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CP   0CFGN FKGUG OKV *GTUVGNNGT WPF GT 5KNDGTRWP\G FGT (KTOC #TVJWU$GTVTCPF KP 2CTKU $7 5HH   4(56#582'5 ++




REPUBLIK LIBERIA

1024

1025

1026

1027 1023



1TFGP FGT #HTKMCPKUEJGP 'TNÌUWPI =1TFGT QH VJG #HTKECP 4GFGORVKQP? WTURTÒPINKEJ 1TFGP FGT   #HTKMCPKUEJGP$GHTGKWPIDKU $TWUVUVGTP\WO)TQ­QHHK\KGT5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCP 0CFGN FKGUG OKV PKEJV KFGPVKHK\KGTDCTGT HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT *GTUVGNNGT WPF GT 5KNDGTRWP\G KO QTKIKPCNGP   8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK$75HH4(56#582'5 ++



5EJQP CO  ,CPWCT WPVGTFGT$G\GKEJPWPI1TFGPFGT#HTKMCPKUEJGP$GHTGKWPIIGUVKHVGVKUVFKGUGT1TFGP GKPGTFGT·NVGUVGP WPFFGTGTUVGTGRWDNKMCPKUEJG FGU-QPVKPGPVUGTJKGNVGTUGKPGJGWVKIG$G\GKEJPWPI5GKPG )GUVCNVWPI JCV UKEJ RTCMVKUEJ UGKV FGT 5VKHVWPI DKU \WT )GIGPYCTV PKEJV XGT·PFGTV WPF GT IKNV \WUCOOGP OKV FGP   LCRCPKUEJGP1TFGP\WFGPCON·PIUVGPWPXGT·PFGTVGP8GTFKGPUVQTFGPFGT9GNV 8INCWEJ)45H 









1TFGP FGT #HTKMCPKUEJGP 'TNÌUWPI =1TFGT QH VJG #HTKECP 4GFGORVKQP? WTURTÒPINKEJ 1TFGP FGT   #HTKMCPKUEJGP $GHTGKWPI  DKU   -QOOCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV KP FGT   ¤UG WPF KO 6TCIGTKPI PKEJV KFGPVKHK\KGTDCTG HTCP\ÌUKUEJG *GTUVGNNGT WPF 5KNDGTRWP\G CO QTKIKPCNGP   *CNUDCPF KO PKEJV MQTTGMVGP 'VWK FGT (KTOC # /CTKG 5VWCTV KP 2CTKU $7 5HH 4( 5 6#   582'5 ++



1TFGP FGT #HTKMCPKUEJGP 'TNÌUWPI =1TFGT QH VJG #HTKECP 4GFGORVKQP? WTURTÒPINKEJ 1TFGP FGT   #HTKMCPKUEJGP $GHTGKWPI  DKU   -QOOCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV KO   #XGTUWPF4GXGTUOGFCKNNQP'OCKNNGCDRNCV\WPIGPGDGPUQOKPKOFGT-TCP\ÒDGTJÌJWPIUQYKGKPGKPGT 5VGTPURKV\G GVYCU XGTUEJOWV\V KP FGT ¤UG PKEJV KFGPVKHK\KGTDCTG HTCP\ÌUKUEJG *GTUVGNNGT WPF 5KNDGT   RWP\GCO*CNUDCPFCDUEJPKVV$75HH4(56#582'5 +++



1TFGP FGT #HTKMCPKUEJGP 'TNÌUWPI =1TFGT QH VJG #HTKECP 4GFGORVKQP? WTURTÒPINKEJ 1TFGP FGT   #HTKMCPKUEJGP $GHTGKWPI  DKU   -QOOCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV KP FGT   ITÒPGP 'OCKNNG FGU .QTDGGTMTCP\GU 'OCKNNGCDRNCV\WPIGP UQYKG KP GKPGT 5VGTPURKV\G KP FGT ¤UG *GT   UVGNNGT WPF 5KNDGTRWP\G FGT (KTOC # %JQDKNNQP KP 2CTKU CO *CNUDCPFCDUEJPKVV $7 5HH 4(   56#582'5 ++



1TFGP FGT #HTKMCPKUEJGP 'TNÌUWPI =1TFGT QH VJG #HTKECP 4GFGORVKQP? WTURTÒPINKEJ 1TFGP FGT   #HTKMCPKUEJGP$GHTGKWPIDKU 4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP·NVGTG#PHGTVKIWPIFGT(KTOC,)QFGV5ÌJPG KP$GTNKP5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVHGKPUVG'OCKNNGOCNGTGKKO$CPFTKPI*GTUVGNNGTRWP\G,)5 FGT(KTOC)QFGVCOUEJOCNGPQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPF 4+++



5GNVGPKPFKGUGTHTÒJGP#PHGTVKIWPI

277


MADAGASKAR

1028 (1:1)

-¤0+)4'+%*   

.+$;'0

1TFGPXQP+DPCNKGU5GPWUUK5GVFGT-NCUUGDGUVGJGPFCWU-NGKPQF5KNDGTVNYDTKNNCPVKGTVVNY XGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTV\YGK'OCKNNGCDURNKVVGTWPIGPKO/GFCKNNQPTKPICWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG*GTUVGNNGTDG- \GKEJPWPIFGT(KTOC6GYHKM$KEJC[KPCTCDKUEJGT5EJTKHVWPFWC-CKTQGT2WP\GHÒTGT5KNDGTQJPG 5EJWNVGTDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT VNY DTKNNCPVKGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG   *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPIFGT(KTOC6GYHKM$KEJC[KPCTCDKUEJGT5EJTKHVCP0CFGN82'5  5VÒEM44+++++++ 

&GTFTGKMNCUUKIGCNNIGOGKPG8GTFKGPUVQTFGPYWTFGXQP-ÌPKI+FTKUXQP.KD[GP  IGUVKHVGV/KVFGT #WUTWHWPI FGT 4GRWDNKM PCEJ FGO 5VCCVUUVTGKEJ XQP 1DGTUV /WCOOCT /WJCOOCF #DW /KP[CT CN)CFFCHK EC    XGTUEJYCPFFGT1TFGP9KGCNNG+PUKIPKGPFGTMÌPKINKEJNKD[UEJGP1TFGPUKPFCWEJFKGJGTCPIGDQVGPGP XQPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV

1029

/#&#)#5-#4 &'/1-4#6+5%*'/#&#)#55+5%*'4'27$.+-   

278

0CVKQPCNQTFGPXQP/CFCICUMCT=1TFTG0CVKQPCN/CNICEJG?/QFGNN OKV+PUEJTKHV4'21$.+-# &'/1-4#6+-# /#.#)#5; KO #XGTU/GFCKNNQP    -QOOCPFGWTUFGMQTCVKQP XGT   IQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV KO $CPFTKPI *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G FGT (KTOC #TVJWU$GTVTCPFKP2CTKUCOQTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF$75HH4(5H82'5 ++ &GTUGEJUMNCUUKIG -QNNCPG)TQ­MTGW\)TQ­QHHK\KGT-QOOCPFGWT1HHK\KGTWPF4KVVGT CNNIGOGKPG8GTFKGPUVQTFGP KUV PCEJ 'TNCPIWPI FGT 6GKNWPCDJ·PIKIMGKV CO  1MVQDGT  OKV )GUGV\ 0T  XQO  5GRVGODGT    IGUVKHVGV YQTFGP YQDGK FKG +PUKIPKGP CWH FGT 8QTFGTUGKVG FKG +PUEJTKHV 4'21$.+-# /#.#)#5; \GKIGP    /QFGNN 0CEJ'TNCPIWPIFGTXQNNUV·PFKIGP7PCDJ·PIKIMGKVCO,WPKYWTFGGTOKV1TFQPPCP\0T XQO5GRVGODGTXGT·PFGTV0CEJ'TTKEJVWPIFGT&GOQMTCVKUEJGP/CFCICUUKUEJGP4GRWDNKMCO&G\GODGT YWTFGGTOKV&GMTGV0TXQO,WNKPGWIGUVKHVGVPWPOGJTOKVFGOPGWGP5VCCVUUKGIGNWPFFGT +PUEJTKHV 4'21$.+-# &'/1-4#6+-#/#.#)#5; /QFGNN 0CEJ'TTKEJVWPIFGT4GRWDNKM/CFCICUMCT OKV FGT #PPCJOG FGT PGWGP 8GTHCUUWPI CO  #WIWUV  YWTFG  FKG )GUVCNVWPI FGT +PUKIPKGP CDGTOCNU   XGT·PFGTV 5KG \GKIGP PWPOGJT FCU PGWG 5VCCVUUKGIGN OKV FGT 7OUEJTKHV 4'21$.+-#0 + /#&#)#5+-#4#  

/QFGNN 




MAROKKO

1030

1032 1031

-¤0+)4'+%*/#.#;5+# 

&GT5GJT*QJG1TFGPFGT-TQPGFGU-ÌPKITGKEJU=&CTLCJ7VCOC5GTK/CJMQVC0GICTC?1TFGPU- MNGKPQF )QNF VNY GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G FGT (KTOC )CTTCTF  %Q .VF KP   .QPFQPOGJTHCEJRWP\KGTVWCOKV.QPFQPGTGT EV )QNFRWP\GWPF,CJTGURWP\GKHÒT QJPG5EJWNVGTDCPF82'5 44++



8QPCW­GTQTFGPVNKEJGT5GNVGPJGKV  &GT GKPMNCUUKIG \YGKVJÌEJUVG 1TFGP FGU -ÌPKITGKEJU YWTFG OKV &GMTGV XQO GTUVGP -ÌPKI /CNC[UKCU 2CFWMC 5TK   6WCPMW#DFWN4CJOCPKDPK#NOCTJWO6WCPMW/WJCOOCF  CEJVGT;CPIFK2GTVWCP$GUCT *GTTUEJGT  XQP 5GTK /GPCPVK WPF \YGKVGT ;CPI FK2GTVWCP $GUCT *GTTUEJGT  XQP 0GIGTK 5GODKNCP IGUVKHVGV 'TXGTHÒIVÒDGT PWTGKPG-NCUUGCPFGTFCU-NGKPQFCPGKPGT-QNNCPGWPFCPGKPGO5EJWNVGTDCPFWPFFC\WGKP$TWUVUVGTPIGVTCIGP YGTFGP 'T KUV /KVINKGFGTP FGT MÌPKINKEJGP (COKNKG CWUN·PFKUEJGP 5VCCVUQDGTJ·WRVGTP WPF RTQOKPGPVGP 5VCCVU   O·PPGTPWPFHTCWGPXQTDGJCNVGP&GT\GKVKIG+PJCDGTUKPF-ÌPKI'NKUCDGVJ++XQP)TQ­DTKVCPPKGPWPF0QTFKTNCPF FGTUEJYGFKUEJG-ÌPKI%CTN:8+)WUVCHWPFUGKPG)GOCJNKP-ÌPKIKP5KNXKCWPFFGTVJCKN·PFKUEJG-ÌPKI$JWOKDQN #FWN[CFGL

57.6#0#6   

/#41--1

*CHKF1TFGP=1WKUUCO*CHKFJKC? OGKUV1WKUUCO*CHKFKGP1TFGPIGPCPPV -QOOCPFGWTFGMQTC- VKQP5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVQDGTHN·EJNKEJG%JKRUWPF4GRCTCVWTGPKPFGT'OCKNNGCOQTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPFKOPKEJVMQTTGMVGP'VWKFGT(KTOC#/CTKG5VWCTVKP2CTKU6#582'5 4++



&GT HÒPHMNCUUKIG 1TFGP )TQ­MQTFQP )TQ­QHHK\KGT -QOOCPFGWT 1HHK\KGT WPF 4KVVGT  YWTFG XQP 5WNVCP /QWNC[   #DF GN*CHKF   OKV &CJKT XQO  #WIWUV  IGUVKHVGV WPF PCEJ FGUUGP #DFCPMWPI CO  #WIWUV    XQPUGKPGO0CEJHQNIGT/QWNC[;QWUUGH  OKV&CJKTXQO,CPWCTYKGFGTCDIGUEJCHHV



5EJGTKHKUEJGT#NCQWKVG1TFGP=1WKUUCO#NCQWKVG%J¾TKHKGP?/QFGNN OKV+PUEJTKHV#NLCN³NC#N[QWU UQWHK[[C=&KG,WUUWHKUEJG/CLGUV·V? )TQ­MQTFGP5GVDGUVGJGPFCWU-NGKPQF5KNDGTXGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV OKP 'OCKNNGCWUDTWEJ CWH FGT 8QTFGTUGKVG FGU QDGTGP5VTCJNUCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG FGT ¤UG HTCP\ÌUKUEJG )CTCPVKGRWP\G UGKV  HÒT GT 5KNDGT 'DGTMQRHRWP\G  CO QTKIKPCNGP   5EJWNVGTDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV OKP 'OCKNNGCWUDTÒEJG CP 0CFGN   FKGUGOKV*GTUVGNNGTRWP\GFGT(KTOC#TVJWU$GTVTCPFKP2CTKUWPFHTCP\ÌUKUEJGT)CTCPVKGRWP\GUGKV HÒTGT5KNDGT 'DGTMQRHRWP\G $756#582'5 5VÒEM++



+PFGTHQNIGPFGP-CVCNQIRQUKVKQPYKTFFKGFC\WIGJÌTKIG8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGCPIGDQVGP  &GTHÒPHMNCUUKIGCNNIGOGKPG8GTFKGPUVQTFGPYWTFGOKV&CJKTXQOCO,CPWCTXQP5WNVCP/QWNC[;QWUUGH

TGIXQPDKU CPUVGNNGFGU0KUEJCP*CHKFKGPIGUVKHVGV /QFGNN YWTFGGKPGPFGTWPIFGT+PUKIPKGP FWTEJ5WNVCP5KFK/QJCOOGF$GP;QWUUGH TGIXQPDKUWPFXQPDKUCDCNUGTUVGT-ÌPKI WPVGT FGO 0COGP /QJCOOGF 8  OKV &CJKT XQO  #RTKN  FWTEJIGHÒJTV  /QFGNN  +P FGT LGV\KIGP (QTO   FWTEJ 5WNVCP 5KFK /QJCOOGF $GP #TCHC TGI XQP  DKU   OKV &CJKT XQO  #RTKN  GTPGWGTV &KG   #P\CJNFGT)TQ­MQTFQPUKUVPWPOGJTUVCVWVCTKUEJCWHNKOKVKGTV 8IN4QWUUGCW2KGTTG1TFTGUGV&¾EQTCVKQPUFG N 'ORKTG%J¾TKHKGPCW6GORUFW2TQVGEVQTCV(TCP¼CKUCW/CTQE8GTUCKNNGU5HH 

279


MAROKKO

1034

1033 1035



5EJGTKHKUEJGT #NCQWKVG1TFGP =1WKUUCO #NCQWKVG %J¾TKHKGP?  /QFGNN OKV +PUEJTKHV #NLCN³NC   #N[QWUUQWHK[[C =&KG ,WUUWHKUEJG /CLGUV·V? 8GTNGKJWPIU&CJKT\WO)TQ­MQTFQPHÒTFGP HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP8K\G#FOKTCNWPF/CTKPG2T·HGMVGP,WNGU'OKNG*CNNKGTFCVKGTV4CDCVCO/CK OKV5KGIGNUVGORGN\WUCOOGPOKVQTKIKPCNGTHTCP\ÌUKUEJGTªDGTUGV\WPIU7TMWPFGFCVKGTV4CDCVCO /CK  OKV 5VGORGNP WPF 7PVGTUEJTKHVGP WPF ªDGTUGPFWPIUUEJTGKDGP FGU )GPGTCN4GUKFGPVGP KP   4CDCVFCVKGTVCO/CKIGHCNVGV 4++



&KG FC\WIGJÌTKIG &GMQTCVKQP YKTF KP FGT XQTJGTIGJGPFGP -CVCNQI2QUKVKQP CPIGDQVGP 'KPG YGKVGTG 8GTNGKJWPIU   WTMWPFGHÒT,WNGU'OKNG*CNNKGTUKGJG-CV0T



5EJGTKHKUEJGT#NCQWKVG1TFGP=1WKUUCO#NCQWKVG%J¾TKHKGP?/QFGNN OKV+PUEJTKHV#NLCN³NC#N[QWU UQWHK[[C=&KG,WUUWHKUEJG/CLGUV·V? -QOOCPFGWTMTGW\5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTV KO $CPFTKPI HTCP\ÌUKUEJG )CTCPVKGRWP\G UGKV  HÒT GT 5KNDGT 'DGTMQRHRWP\G  CO QTKIKPCNGP   *CNUDCPF$756#582'5 ++



-¤0+)4'+%* 5'+6  

1TFGPFGU6JTQPU=1WKUUCOCN#TEJ?&GMQTCVKQPMNCUUG$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFVNYGOCKNNKGTVCO QTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPF$75H4(582'5 ++ &GT HÒPHMNCUUKIG  DKU  -NCUUG  <KXKN WPF /KNKV·TXGTFKGPUVQTFGP YWTFG XQP -ÌPKI *CUUCP ++   OKV   &GMTGVXQO/CKIGUVKHVGV

280




MEXIKO

1038

1037

1036

/':+-1

<9'+6'5 -#+5'44'+%*   

-CKUGTNKEJGT1TFGPXQO/GZKMCPKUEJGP#FNGT=1TFGP+ORGTKCNFGN#IWKNC/GZKECPC?5R·VGTG#P- HGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC 4QVJG KP 9KGP PCEJ   GKPGU $TWUVUVGTPU \WO )TQ­MTGW\ 5KNDGT IGRTÒHV    DTKNNCPVKGTVWPFTGRGTEKGTVVNYXGTIQNFGVWPFVNYGOCKNNKGTVOKVITÒPGPWPFTQVGP)NCUUVGKPGPDGUGV\V OKP 'OCKNNGCDRNCV\WPIGP OKP 5KNDGTMQTTQUKQPUURWTGP CP 0CFGN FKGUG RWP\KGTV %(416*' WPF   9+'0OKVHTCP\ÌUKUEJGT'KPHWJTRWP\GXQPDKU 5EJYCPGPRWP\G  ++



*GTXQTTCIGPF IGCTDGKVGVGU 'TUCV\GZGORNCT HÒT PWT UGJT UEJYGT \W HKPFGPFG 1TKIKPCNGZGORNCTG +PUDGUQPFGTG FGT   $TWUVUVGTPKUVCWEJCNUUR·VGTG#PHGTVKIWPIPWTUGJTUGNVGP\WHKPFGP



-CKUGTNKEJGT1TFGPXQO/GZKMCPKUEJGP#FNGT=1TFGP+ORGTKCNFGN#IWKNC/GZKECPC?5R·VGTG#P- HGTVKIWPIFGT(KTOC4QVJGKP9KGP PCEJ GKPGT-QOOCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFVNY GOCKNNKGTVOKP'OCKNNGCDRNCV\WPIGPKP6TCIGWPFKO$CPFTKPILGYGKNUHTCP\ÌUKUEJG'KPHWJTRWP\GXQP DKU 5EJYCPGPRWP\G QJPG*CNUDCPF ++



4'27$.+- 5'+6  

/GZKMCPKUEJGT 1TFGP FGU #\VGMGP#FNGTU =1TFGP /GZKECPC FGN ŠIWKNC #\VGEC? )TQ­MTGW\UGV    -NCUUGDGUVGJGPFCWU-NGKPQF5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVVNYGOCKNNKGTVCOOODTGKVGP5EJWNVGTDCPFWPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV VNY GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN OKV \YGK UGKVNKEJGP (KZKGTJCMGP KO QTKIKPCNGP   MWPUVNGFGTPGPWPFIQNFHCTDGPDGFTWEMVGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK$75HH6#5H82'5  5VÒEM++



'Z #WMVKQP $QKUIKTCTF  #UUQEK¾U KP 2CTKU XQO  ,WPK  -CV 0T  8GTNKGJGP CP )GQTIGU )QTUG     FGTDKUKPOGJTGTGPHTCP\ÌUKUEJGP4GIKGTWPIGP7PVGT5VCCVUUGMTGV·TYCT5VCCVUUGMTGV·T WPF XQP  DKU /KPKUVGTKPOGJTGTGP-CDKPGVVGPWPF4GUUQTVUXQPDKU$QVUEJCHVGTKP#NIGTKGP WPF UEJNKG­NKEJ XQP  UKE  DKU  $ÒTIGTOGKUVGT FGT 5VCFV $QWNQIPG$KNNCPEQWTV KP FGT 0·JG XQP 2CTKU  

YKMKRGFKCHT +PFGTHQNIGPFGP-CVCNQIRQUKVKQPYKTFFKGFC\WIGJÌTKIG8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGCPIGDQVGP  

&KGUG-NCUUGKUVHÒT4GIKGTWPIUEJGHU/KPKUVGTWPF$QVUEJCHVGTXQTDGJCNVGP&GTHÒPHMNCUUKIG EQNNCTDCPFCRNCEC GPEQOKGPFC WPF KPUKIPC  8GTFKGPUVQTFGP YWTFG XQP 2T·UKFGPV #DGNCTFQ .WL±P 4QFTÃIWG\   OKV &GMTGV   XQO&G\GODGTHQTOGNNIGUVKHVGVPCEJFGOFKGGTUVG-QNNCPGFGU1TFGPUDGTGKVUCO5GRVGODGTCP FGPGTUVGPURCPKUEJGP2T·UKFGPVGP0KEGVQ#NECN±<COQTC[6QTTG  XGTNKGJGPYQTFGPYCT&KG8GTÌHHGPV NKEJWPIFGT5VCVWVGPGTHQNIVGCO,CPWCT.CWVFKGUGPYCT WPFKUV GTCWUN·PFKUEJGP&KRNQOCVGPXQTDGJCNVGP MCPPCDGTKP#WUPCJOGH·NNGPCWEJCPFGTGP#WUN·PFGTPXGTNKGJGPYGTFGP5KGUCJGPWPVGTCPFGTGOGKPGOKNKV·TKUEJG WPF GKP \KXKNG #DVGKNWPI XQT FKG UKEJ LGFQEJ KP KJTGP +PUKIPKGP PKEJV WPVGTUEJKGFGP WPF  YKGFGT CDIGUEJCHHV   YWTFGP  YWTFG FKG -NCUUG DCPFC )TQ­MTGW\  KP GKPG GTUVG WPF GKPG \YGKVG -NCUUG WPVGTVGKNV FKG UKEJ PWT   FWTEJFKG$TGKVGUFGU5EJWNVGTDCPFGUWPVGTUEJKGFGP &CU5EJWNVGTDCPFFGU)TQ­MTGW\GUGTUVGT-NCUUGKUVOOFCU FGU)TQ­MTGW\GU-NCUUGPWTOODTGKV WPFFKGYKGFGTCDIGUEJCHHVYWTFG/KV)GUGV\ .G[FG2TGOKQU 'UVÃOWNQU [ 4GEQORGPUCU %KXKNGU  XQO  &G\GODGT  YWTFG FGT 1TFGP PGW IGQTFPGV WPF FKG IGIGPY·TVKI   IÒNVKIGP 5VCVWVGP GKPIGHÒJTV 8IN 5GETGVGTKC FG 4GNCEKQPGU 'ZVGTKQTGU 1TFGP /GZKECPC FGN #IWKNC #\VGEC     4GINCOGPVQ[.KUVCFG2GTUQPCU%QPFGEQTCFCU/GZKMQ 

281


MEXIKO

1040

1039 1041



/GZKMCPKUEJGT1TFGPFGU#\VGMGP#FNGTU=1TFGP/GZKECPCFGNŠIWKNC#\VGEC?8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG \WO)TQ­MTGW\-NCUUGHÒT)GQTIGU)QTUGHTCP\ÌUKUEJGT/KPKUVGTHÒT#TDGKV#PIGUVGNNVGWPF$GXÌN MGTWPIFCVKGTV/¾ZKEQCO/·T\OKV2T·IGUKGIGNWPF1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHVGPFGU2T·UKFGPVGP .WKU'EJGXGTTÃCŠNXCTG\ IGD WPFFGU#W­GPOKPKUVGTU'VYCUXGTUEJOWV\VWPFGKPIGTKUUGP 4++



'Z#WMVKQP$QKUIKTCTF#UUQEK¾UKP2CTKUXQO,WPK-CV0T&KGFC\WIGJÌTKIG&GMQTCVKQPYKTFKP FGTXQTJGTIGJGPFGP-CVCNQI2QUKVKQPCPIGDQVGP'KPGYGKVGTG8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGHÒT)GQTIGU)QTUGUKGJG-CV0T



'JTGPNGIKQP=.¾IKQPFG*QPQT?$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCO$TWUVDCPFOKV6TCIGURCPIG)8' & ++



)GUVKHVGVXQP2T·UKFGPV/KIWGN#NGO±P8CNF¾U  OKVRT·UKFKCNGO&GMTGVXQO/CK



'JTGP\GKEJGPHÒT/CTKPG8GTFKGPUVG=%QPFGEQTCEKÉPFGN/¾TKVQ0CXCN?/QFGNN #FNGTQJPGIG- MTGW\VG#PMGT 'JTGP\GKEJGP-NCUUG$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVVNYXGTUKNDGTVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCO$TWUVDCPF OKV6TCIGURCPIG)8'& ++ &CU\YGKMNCUUKIG'JTGP\GKEJGPYWTFGOKV)GUGV\XQO/·T\IGUVKHVGV

282




REPUBLIK NICARAGUA

1042

1043

1044

1045

/10)1.'+ /10)1.+5%*'81.-54'27$.+-   

1TFGPFGU2QNCTUVGTPU/QFGNN OKVTWUUKUEJGT5EJTKHVKOTQVGP$CPF 5KNDGTXGTIQNFGV WPFVNYGOCKNNKGTVCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVGFTGKMNGKPGTWPFMQRHPKGVGPWPF8GTNGKJWPIUPWOOGTCP 5EJTCWDGOKV5EJTCWDUEJGKDG*(/82'5 ++

-¤0+)4'+%* $+5  



0'2#.

1TFGPFGT4GEJVGP*CPFFGU)WTMJC )QTMJC&CMUJKPC$CJW1TFGP &GMQTCVKQP-NCUUGPGRC NGUKUEJG #PHGTVKIWPI 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV CO MWT\GP QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPFCDUEJPKVV 6# 5 82'   5 ++



&GTHÒPHMNCUUKIG1TFGPHÒT8GTFKGPUVGWO-WPUV9KUUGPUEJCHV5RQTVWPFCWHFGO5Q\KCNGP(GNFYWTFGCNUGTUVGT 1TFGP0GRCNU2TKVJXK$KT$KMTCO5JCJ&GX  IGUVKHVGVCO5GRVGODGTXQP-ÌPKI6TKDJWXCP $KT$KMTCO5JCJ&GXC  GTPGWGTVWPFOKVGKPGTCHHKNKKGTVGP/GFCKNNGGTI·P\VWPFYQJNDKU\WO5VWT\FGT /QPCTEJKGXGTNKGJGP



1TFGPFGT4GEJVGP*CPFFGU)WTMJC )QTMJC&CMUJKPC$CJW1TFGP &GMQTCVKQP-NCUUGPGRC NGUKUEJG#PHGTVKIWPI5KNDGTVNYXGTIQNFGVCOQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPF6#582'5 ++



4'27$.+-0+%#4#)7# 

1TFGP XQP 4WD¾P &CTÃQ =1TFGP FG 4WD¾P &CTÃQ? )TQ­QHHK\KGTUUGV DGUVGJGPF CWU )TQ­QHHK\KGTU   MTGW\ 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV OKV 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK TÒEMUGKVKIG /GFCKNNQPCDFGEMWPI HGJNV WPF   $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV OKV 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK CP 0CFGN OKV \YGK UGKVNKEJGP   (KZKGTJCMGP KO PKEJV RCUUGPFGP 'VWK FGT (KTOC # /CTKG 5VWCTV KP 2CTKU $7 5HH 6# 5   82'5 5VÒEM+++8++



&GT UKGDGPMNCUUKIG 1TFGP -QNNCPG )TQ­MTGW\ OKV )QNFGPGO $TWUVUVGTP )TQ­MTGW\ OKV 5KNDGTPGO $TWUVUVGTP   )TQ­QHHK\KGT -QOOCPFGWT 1HHK\KGT WPF 4KVVGT  KUV CO  (GDTWCT  XQP 5VCCVURT·UKFGPV #PCUVCUKQ 5QOQ\C   )CTEÃC  IGUVKHVGVWPFPCEJFGOPKECTCIWCPKUEJGP5EJTKHVUVGNNGT,QWTPCNKUVGPWPF&KRNQOCVGP(¾NKZ4WD¾P )CTEÃC5CTOKGPVQ  FGTWPVGTFGO2UGWFQP[O4WD¾P&CTÃQIGYKTMVJCVDGPCPPVYQTFGP&GT'PVYWTH FGT +PUKIPKGP YWTFG KPVGTPCVKQPCN CWUIGUEJTKGDGP &GT )GYKPPGT FKG (KTOC XQP (GTPCPFQ %GLCNXQ KP /CFTKF   GTJKGNV FGP GTUVGP 2TGKU WPF YCT UGKVJGT CWEJ *GTUVGNNGT FGT +PUKIPKGP &GT 1TFGP YWTFG  PCEJ FGT   /CEJVÒDGTPCJOGFWTEJFKG5CPFKPKUVGPCDIGUEJCHHVWPFYKGFGTGKPIGHÒJTV&CUPGWG/QFGNNOKVUGEJU-NCUUGP JCVLGFQEJPWTPQEJGKP)TQ­MTGW\FCUPWTCWUGKPGT5EJ·TRGWPFFGOCPJ·PIGPFGP-NGKPQFDGUVGJV

283


REPUBLIK PANAMA

1047

1046

4'27$.+-0+)'4 

0CVKQPCNQTFGP XQP 0KIGT =1TFTG 0CVKQPCN FW 0KIGT?  /QFGNN OKV /GFCKNNQPWOUEJTKHV 4'27   $.+37'&70+)'4CWHFGT8QTFGTUGKVG -QOOCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF \WUCOOGP OKV -PQRHNQEJTQUGVVG KO 1TKIKPCNGVWK FGT (KTOC #TVJWU$GTVTCPF KP   2CTKU$754(56#582'5 ++



&GTUGEJUMNCUUKIG -QNNCPG)TQ­MTGW\)TQ­QHHK\KGT-QOOCPFGWT1HHK\KGTWPF4KVVGT CNNIGOGKPG8GTFKGPUVQTFGP YWTFGOKV&GMTGV0T240XQO,WNKIGUVKHVGV



'JTGPOGFCKNNGFGT2QNK\GK=/¾FCKNNGF *QPPGWTFGNC2QNKEG?1HHK\KGTUFGMQTCVKQP$TQP\GXGTUKNDGTV WPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPFOKVCWHIGNGIVGT4QUGVVG4(5H 4++



&CUFTGKMNCUUKIG -QOOCPFGWT1HHK\KGTWPF4KVVGT 'JTGP\GKEJGPOKV1TFGPUEJCTCMVGTYWTFGIGUVKHVGV

ex 1048

4'27$.+-2#0#/# 

1TFGPXQP8CUEQ0WÃ&#x2021;G\FG$CNDQC=1TFGPFG8CUEQ0WÃ&#x2021;G\FG$CNDQC?)TQ­QHHK\KGTUUGVDGUVGJGPF CWU )TQ­QHHK\KGTUMTGW\ $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV GVYCU XGTUEJOWV\V CO MWT\GP *CNUDCPFCD-   UEJPKVV WPF $TWUVUVGTP $TQP\G XGTUKNDGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CP 3WGTDTQUEJKGTWPI \WUCO   OGP OKV /KPKCVWT XGTIQNFGV WPFGOCKNNKGTVCO$·PFEJGPOKV.KV\GWPF4QUGVVGWPF-PQRHNQEJTQUGVVG KOPKEJVRCUUGPFGP'VWKFGT(KTOC#/CTKG5VWCTVKP2CTKU$75H6#582'5  5VÃ&#x2019;EM++ &GT HÃ&#x2019;PHMNCUUKIG )TQ­MTGW\ )TQ­QHHK\KGT -QOOCPFGWT 1HHK\KGT WPF 4KVVGT  CNNIGOGKPG 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP YWTFG    XQP 2T·UKFGPV ,WCP &GOÃ&#x2030;UVGPGU #TQUGOGPC   IGUVKHVGV WPF CO  ,WNK  XQP 2T·UKFGPV ,WCP   &GOÃ&#x2030;UVGPGU#TQUGOGPC  DGUV·VKIV

284




PERSIEN / IRAN

1049

4'27$.+-2#4#)7#; 

0CVKQPCNGT 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP =1TFGP 0CEKQPCN CN /¾TKVQ? -NGKPQF \WO )TQ­MTGW\ $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV   WPFGOCKNNKGTVQJPG5EJWNVGTDCPFLGFQEJCO*CNUDCPFCDUEJPKVV$756#582'5 ++



7TURTÃ&#x2019;PINKEJ  XQP 2T·UKFGPV (TCPEKUEQ 5QNCPQ .Ã&#x2030;RG\   IGUVKHVGV YWTFG FGT <KXKN WPF /KNKV·T   8GTFKGPUVQTFGPTGQTICPKUKGTV'TDGUVGJVFGT\GKVCWU-NCUUGP

1051

1050

2'45+'0+4#0 -#+5'44'+%*2'45+'0$<9 5'+6 +4#0 $+5  

1TFGPFGT-TQPGFGU+TCP=â&#x20AC;«تاجÙ&#x2020;Ø´اÙ&#x2020;â&#x20AC;¬0KUEJCPK6CFUEJK+TCP?/QFGNN  $TWUVUVGTP \WT  WPF  -NCUUG 5KNDGT VNY DTKNNCPVKGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN FKGUG OKV *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G FGT (KTOC #TVJWU$GTVTCPF KP 2CTKU WPF 2WP\G HÃ&#x2019;T GT 5KNDGT UGKV 

/GTMWTMQRHRWP\G OKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGPHKZKGTJCMGP82'5 ++



  

&GTHÃ&#x2019;PHMNCUUKIG DKU-NCUUG YWTFGXQP/Q\CHHCTCF&KP5EJCJ3CLCT  CNU1TFGPFGT-TQPG IGUVKHVGVWPFCO#RTKNXQP4G\C5EJCJ2CJNCXK  DGUV·VKIVYQDGKGTPQEJCNU5QPFGTMNCUUGFKG -QNNCPG UVKHVGVG  YWTFG FKG $CPFHCTDG IG·PFGTV /KV FGO 7PVGTICPI FGU -CKUGTTGKEJU  GTNQUEJ CWEJ FGT   1TFGP



1TFGPFGT-TQPGFGU+TCP=â&#x20AC;«تاجÙ&#x2020;Ø´اÙ&#x2020;â&#x20AC;¬0KUEJCPK6CFUEJK+TCP?/QFGNN  &GMQTCVKQP FGT-NCUUG5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTV'OCKNNGTGRCTCVWTKPGKPGT#TOURKV\GKO$CPFTKPIGT 5KNDGTWPF*GTUVGNNGTRWP\GFGT(KTOC#TVJWU$GTVTCPFKP2CTKUQJPG*CNUDCPF82'5 ++

   285


PERSIEN / IRAN

1053

1052





1TFGPFGT-TQPGFGU+TCP=‫تاجنشان‬0KUEJCPK6CFUEJK+TCP?/QFGNN  &GMQTCVKQP FGT-NCUUG5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTV'OCKNNGTGRCTCVWTKPGKPGT#TOURKV\GFCU4GXGTUOGFCKNNQP GVYCUXGTUEJOWV\VKO$CPFTKPIGT5KNDGTWPF*GTUVGNNGTRWP\GFGT(KTOC#TVJWU$GTVTCPFKP2CTKU COQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPFOKVCWHIGNGIVGT4QUGVVG82'5 ++ 1TFGPFGT-TQPGFGU+TCP=‫تاجنشان‬0KUEJCPK6CFUEJK+TCP?/QFGNN  &GMQTCVKQP FGT  -NCUUG #WUHÒJTWPI QJPG -TCP\ÒDGTJÌJWPI 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPFOKVCWHIGNGIVGT4QUGVVG82'5 ++

1055





    

1056

1054



5QPPGPWPF.ÌYGP1TFGP=‫وریشدیخورش‬0KUEJCPK5EJKTW-JWTUEJKF?/QFGNN   #WUICDG HÒT <KXKNKUVGP WPF #WUN·PFGT OKV TWJGPFGO .ÌYGP  $TWUVUVGTP \WT  -NCUUG OKV CEJV 5VTCJNGP  HTCP\ÌUKUEJG #PHGTVKIWPI 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV WPF TGRGTEKGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK CP 0CFGN FKGUG OKV *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G FGT (KTOC #TVJWU$GTVTCPF KP 2CTKU OKV \YGK UGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGP6#5HH82'5 ++



5QPPGPWPF.ÌYGP1TFGP=‫وریشدیخورش‬0KUEJCPK5EJKTW-JWTUEJKF?/QFGNN   #WUICDGHÒT<KXKNKUVGPWPF#WUN·PFGT OKVTWJGPFGO.ÌYGP &GMQTCVKQP-NCUUG5KNDGTDTKNNCPVKGTV VNY GOCKNNKGTV #DRNCV\WPIGP KP FGT ITÒPGP 'OCKNNG 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK CO UEJOCNGP $TWUVDCPF OKV CWHIGNGIVGT4QUGVVG6#5HH82'5 ++



5QPPGPWPF.ÌYGP1TFGP=‫وریشدیخورش‬0KUEJCPK5EJKTW-JWTUEJKF?/QFGNN   #WUICDG HÒT <KXKNKUVGP WPF #WUN·PFGT OKV TWJGPFGO .ÌYGP  &GMQTCVKQP  -NCUUG SWCFTCVHÌTOKIG #WUHÒJTWPI 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV WPF TGRGTEKGTV 5VTCJNGP )QNF IGNDITÒP GOCKNNKGTV 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK CO QTKIKPCNGP$CPF\WUCOOGPOKV-PQRHNQEJTQUGVVGKO QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCTDGPDGFTWEMVGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT(KTOC5CPKQN/COCNGMKP6GJGTCP6#5HH82'5 4++ +OQTKIKPCNGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWKPKEJVJ·WHKI\WHKPFGP

286







          


REPUBLIK PERU

1057



1TFGP FGU .KEJVU =0KUEJCPK*QOC[WP? 5GV FGT  -NCUUG \KXKNG #WUHÒJTWPI DGUVGJGPF CWU *CNU   FGMQTCVKQP5KNDGT/GFCKNNQPXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVHGKPUVG'OCKNNGOCNGTGKCOQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT VGKNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK CP 0CFGN FKGUG OKV *GTUVGNNGT   WPFGT5KNDGTRWP\GFGT(KTOC#TVJWU$GTVTCPFKP2CTKUOKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGP\WUCOOGP OKV-PQRHNQEJTQUGVVGKOQTKIKPCNGPIQNFHCTDGPDGFTWEMVGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWKFGT(KTOC#TVJWU$GTVTCPF 6#582'5 5VÒEM++



1058 1059

4'27$.+-2'47 

1TFGP&KG5QPPGXQP2GTW=1TFGP'N5QNFG2GTÐ?$TWUVUVGTP\WO)TQ­QHHK\KGT$TQP\GXGTIQNFGV WPF VNY GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGO 4GXGTU *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT%CUC0CEKQPCNFG/QPGFCKP.KOCCP 0CFGNOKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGP$75HH6#582'5 ++



+P FKGUGT -NCUUG YKTF FGT $TWUVUVGTP FGT UKEJ XQO $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­MTGW\ FWTEJ FKG HGJNGPFG 'OCKNNG FGU   .QTDGGTMTCP\GUWPVGTUEJGKFGVCNNGKPGQJPGYGKVGTG+PUKIPKGPYKG*CNUQFGT$TWUVMTGW\XGTNKGJGPWPFCWHFGTNKPMGP $TWUVUGKVGIGVTCIGP  &GT1TFGPYWTFGWTURTÒPINKEJXQP)GPGTCN5CP/CTVÃP  CO1MVQDGTIGUVKHVGV/KV&GMTGVFGU 2T·UKFGPVGP #WIWUVQ $ .GIWÃC [ 5CNEGFQ   YWTFG FGT KP\YKUEJGP WPVGTIGICPIGPG 1TFGP CO  #RTKN   CNUUGEJUMNCUUKIGT 5QPFGTUVWHGFGU)TQ­MTGW\GU)TQ­MTGW\)TQ­QHHK\KGT-QOOCPFGWT1HHK\KGTWPF4KVVGT  <KXKNWPF/KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVQTFGPGTPGWGTV



1TFGP &KG 5QPPG XQP 2GTW =1TFGP 'N 5QN FG 2GTÐ? -QOOCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP  #WUHÒJTWPI OKV   PKEJV GOCKNNKGTVGO .QTDGGTMTCP\ WO FCU /KVVGNOGFCKNNQP  5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV VNY GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT   4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT %CUC 0CEKQPCN FG/QPGFC.KOC\WUCOOGPOKV-PQRHNQEJTQUGVVG KOQTKIKPCNGPIQNFHCTDGPDGFTWEMVGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK$75HH6#582'5 ++

 287


REPUBLIK PERU

1061

1060 1062

1064

1064 1063



8GTFKGPUVQTFGP HÒT JGTXQTTCIGPFG &KGPUVG =1TFGP CN /¾TKVQ RQT 5GTXKEKQU &KUVKPIWKFQU? -NGKPQF   \WO)TQ­MTGW\$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFVNYGOCKNNKGTVCO5EJWNVGTDCPF$75H6#582' 5 ++



&GT UGEJUMNCUUKIG )TQ­MTGW\ OKV $TKNNCPVGP )TQ­MTGW\ )TQ­QHHK\KGT -QOOCPFGWT 1HHK\KGT WPF 4KVVGT  CNNIG   OGKPG8GTFKGPUVQTFGPYWTFGXQO%JGHFGTRGTWCPKUEJGP/KNKV·TLWPVC)GPGTCN<GPÉP0QTKGIC#IÒGTQ   OKV)GUGV\&GMTGV0TXQO,WNKIGUVKHVGV&CUTGINCOGPVQYWTFGOKV&GMTGV0TXQO&G\GO DGTCRRTQDKGTV



8GTFKGPUVQTFGPHÒTJGTXQTTCIGPFG&KGPUVG=1TFGPCN/¾TKVQRQT5GTXKEKQU&KUVKPIWKFQU?$TWUVUVGTP \WO)TQ­QHHK\KGT5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFVNYGOCKNNKGTVCWHFGO4GXGTU*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPIFGT%CUC 0CEKQPCNFG/QPGFCKP.KOCCP0CFGNOKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGP$75H6#582' 5 ++



+PFKGUGT-NCUUGYKTFFGT$TWUVUVGTPCNNGKPGQJPGYGKVGTG+PUKIPKGPYKG*CNUQFGT$TWUVMTGW\XGTNKGJGPWPFCWHFGT NKPMGP$TWUVUGKVGIGVTCIGP



8GTFKGPUVQTFGPHÒTJGTXQTTCIGPFG&KGPUVG=1TFGPCN/¾TKVQRQT5GTXKEKQU&KUVKPIWKFQU?1HHK\KGTU FGMQTCVKQP5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFVNYGOCKNNKGTVCWHFGO4GXGTU*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPIFGT%CUC0CEKQ PCN FG /QPGFC KP .KOC CO QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF OKV CWHIGNGIVGT 4QUGVVG KO 'VWK $7 5H 6#   582'5 ++



&KG 1HHK\KGTU WPF 4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQPGP FKGUGU 1TFGPU UKPF YGKVCWU UGNVGPGT KP 'WTQRC \W HKPFGP CNU FGUUGP JÌJGTG   -NCUUGP





8GTFKGPUVQTFGPHÒTJGTXQTTCIGPFG&KGPUVG=1TFGPCN/¾TKVQRQT5GTXKEKQU&KUVKPIWKFQU?-QOOCP- FGWTFGMQTCVKQP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF VNY GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGO 4GXGTU *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT %CUC   0CEKQPCN FG /QPGFC KP .KOC CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF \WUCOOGP OKV -PQRHNQEJTQUGVVG KO QTKIKPCNGP   IQNFHCTDGPDGFTWEMVGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK$75H6#582'5 ++



/GFCKNNG HÒT %CNNCQ  =/GFCNNC FG %CNNCQ ? CWEJ -TGW\ HÒT %CNNCQ IGPCPPV    'JTGP\GKEJGPKP)QNFHÒT)GPGT·NGWPF5VCDUQHHK\KGTG)QNFGOCKNNKGTVGKP#TOOKV'OCKNNGCDRNCV\WPI QJPG$CPFTKPIWPFQJPG$CPF00/5H41556# 4+++++++



9·JTGPF FGUURCPKUEJRGTWCPKUEJGP-TKGIGUXQPXGTGKVGNVGPCO/CKKO)GHGEJVKO*CHGPXQP %CNNCQ/CPPWPF-CPQPGPDQQVGFGTXGTGKPVGPRGTWCPKUEJDQNKXKCPKUEJEJKNGPKUEJGP5VTGKVMT·HVGFGPNGV\VGP 8GTUWEJ FGT URCPKUEJGP (NQVVG CWH FGO RGTWCPKUEJGP (GUVNCPF \W NCPFGP 5GKVJGT KUV CO  /CK FGT RGTWCPKUEJG   0CVKQPCNHGKGTVCI&KGGTUVXQP2GTWIGUVKHVGVG/GFCKNNGHÒTCNNGDGVGKNKIVGP RGTWCPKUEJGPDQNKXKCPKUEJGPWPF EJKNGPKUEJGP -·ORHGTMCOKP5KNDGT)QNF OKVWPFQJPG'OCKN WPFCWEJOKV'FGNUVGKPGPHÒTFKG2T·UKFGPVGPWPF /KPKUVGTFGTDGVTGHHGPFGP.·PFGT\WT8GTNGKJWPI

288


REPUBLIK SENEGAL

1065

1066

4'27$.+-&'42*+.+22+0'0 

'JTGP\GKEJGP )QNFGPGT 2HNWI FGU RJKNKRRKPKUEJGP 2T·UKFGPVGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FKG .CPF   TGHQTO $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV VNY XGTIQNFGV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC 'N 1TQ   ,6WRC\,TCO*CNUDCPFCDUEJPKVV ++

4'27$.+- 5'+6  



47#0&#

0CVKQPCNGT1TFGPFGT'KPVCWUGPF*ÒIGN=1TFTG0CVKQPCNFGU/KNNGU%QNNKPGU?-QOOCPFGWTFGMQTC- VKQP #WUHÒJTWPI OKV 'OCKNNG$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCO*CNUDCPF$75H4(5 82'5 ++



&GTHÒPHMNCUUKIG )TQ­MTGW\)TQ­QHHK\KGT-QOOCPFGWT1HHK\KGTWPF4KVVGT 8GTFKGPUVQTFGPUEJGKPVKPFGPHTÒJGP GT,CJTGPIGUVKHVGVYQTFGP\WUGKP

1067

1068

4'27$.+-5'0')#. 

0CVKQPCNGT 1TFGP FGU .ÌYGP XQP 5GPGICN =1TFTG 0CVKQPCN FW .KQP FW 5GPGICN? -QOOCPFGWT   FGMQTCVKQP $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF VNY GOCKNNKGTV KO $CPFTKPI *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G FGT (KTOC #TVJWU  $GTVTCPF KP 2CTKU CO NCPIGP *CNUDCPFCDUEJPKVV KO PKEJV MQTTGMVGP 'VWKFGT(KTOC#/CTKG5VWCTVKP 2CTKU$754(5H6#582'5 ++



&GT HÒPHMNCUUKIG )TQ­MTGW\ )TQ­QHHK\KGT -QOOCPFGWT 1HHK\KGT WPF 4KVVGT  JÌEJUVG UGPGICNGUKUEJG 8GTFKGPUV   QTFGPYWTFGOKV1TFQPPCP\0TXQO1MVQDGTIGUVKHVGVWPFUQYKGXGT·PFGTV&KG#P\CJN FGT-QOOCPFGWTGKUVUVCVWCTKUEJCWHDGITGP\V



8GTFKGPUVQTFGP=1TFTGFW/¾TKVG?1HHK\KGTUFGMQTCVKQP$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFVNYGOCKNNKGTVCO$TWUV DCPF OKV CWHIGNGIVGT 4QUGVVG \WUCOOGP OKV -PQRHNQEJTQUGVVG KO 1TKIKPCNGVWK FGU %QORVQKT (TCPEQ   5WKUUGKP&CMCT$754(582'5 4++



&GTHÒPHMNCUUKIG )TQ­MTGW\)TQ­QHHK\KGT-QOOCPFGWT1HHK\KGTWPF4KVVGT CNNIGOGKPG8GTFKGPUVQTFGPYWTFGOKV &GMTGV0TXQO1MVQDGTIGUVKHVGVWPFFWTEJFKG&GMTGVG0TXQO#WIWUVWPF0T XQO#WIWUVXGT·PFGTV

289


SYRIEN

1069

5;4+'0 5;4+5%*'#4#$+5%*'4'27$.+-$<9#4#$+5%*'4'27$.+-5;4+'0 5'+6  

<KXKN8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGT 5[TKUEJ #TCDKUEJGP 4GRWDNKM =โ€ซ  ?ุงู„ู…ุฏู†ูŠ ุงุงู„ุณุชุญู‚ุงู‚ ูˆุณุงู…โ€ฌ/QFGNN OKV  2HGKNGP  UGKV   5GV FGT  -NCUUG DGUVGJGPF CWU -NGKPQF 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV OKV MWT\GO 5EJWNVGTDCPF#DUEJPKVV WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN FKGUG OKV*GTUVGNNGTRWP\GFGT(KTOC#TVJWU$GTVTCPFKP2CTKUKO0CFGNJCMGPHTCP\รŒUKUEJG)CTCPVKGRWP\GUGKV  Hร’T GT 5KNDGT 'DGTMQRHRWP\G  OKV \YGK UGKVNKEJGP (KZKGTJCMGP $7 5H 6# 5 82'5 ++



    

&GT \WPยทEJUV XKGTMNCUUKIG CWยญGTQTFGPVNKEJG -NCUUG   WPF  -NCUUG  1TFGP YWTFG &GMTGV 0T  XQO    #RTKNXQOHTCP\รŒUKUEJGP*QEJMQOOKUUCTHร’T5[TKGPIGUVKHVGV/KV)GUGV\&GMTGV0TXQO,WPK YWTFG FGT 1TFGP CNU 5[TKUEJG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG  CWH Hร’PH -NCUUGP  DKU  -NCUUG GTYGKVGTVWPFFKG+PUKIPKGP GTJKGNVGPPWPOGJTHร’PH2HGKNG UVCVVDKUJGTUGEJU #O/CKGTJKGNVGTFKG$G\GKEJPWPI <KXKN8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGT5[TKUEJ#TCDKUEJGP4GRWDNKM +PFKGUGT(QTOYKTFGTDKUKPFKG)GIGPYCTVXGTNKGJGP

1070



<KXKN8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGT 5[TKUEJ #TCDKUEJGP 4GRWDNKM =โ€ซ  ?ุงู„ู…ุฏู†ูŠ ุงุงู„ุณุชุญู‚ุงู‚ ูˆุณุงู…โ€ฌ/QFGNN OKV  2HGKNGPUGKV 5GVFGT-NCUUGDGUVGJGPFCWU*CNUFGMQTCVKQP5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN FKGUG OKV *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G FGT (KTOC #TVJWU$GTVTCPF KP 2CTKU KO 0CFGNJCMGP HTCP\รŒUKUEJG )CTCPVKGRWP\G UGKV Hร’TGT5KNDGT 'DGTMQRHRWP\G OKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGPKOPKEJVMQTTGMVGP'VWKFGT (KTOC#/CTKG5VWCTVKP2CTKU$75H6#582'5 5Vร’EM++ 'Z #WMVKQP $QKUIKTCTF  #UUQEKยพU KP 2CTKU XQO  ,WPK  -CV 0T  /WVOCยญNKEJ XGTNKGJGP CP )GQTIGU   )QTUG   FGT  DKU  KP OGJTGTGP HTCP\รŒUKUEJGP 4GIKGTWPIGP 7PVGT5VCCVUUGMTGVยทT YCT    5VCCVUUGMTGVยทT  WPF XQP  DKU  /KPKUVGT KP OGJTGTGP -CDKPGVVGP WPF 4GUUQTVU XQP  DKU    $QVUEJCHVGTKP#NIGTKGPWPFUEJNKGยญNKEJXQP UKE DKU$ร’TIGTOGKUVGTFGT5VCFV$QWNQIPG$KNNCPEQWTVKPFGT 0ยทJGXQP2CTKU YKMKRGFKCHT 

290



    


TANSANIA SANSIBAR

1072

1071 (1:1)

1071 (1:1)

6#05#0+#5#05+$#4 57.6#0#65#05+$#4 

1TFGPFGU5VTCJNGPFGP5VGTPU/QFGNN OKV/QPQITCOOXQP5WNVCP5C[[KF$CTIJCUEJDKP5C KF#N $WUCKF=РђФ ?пД┘ёпе┘ѕп│п╣┘іп»п│п╣┘іп»пе┘єпеп▒п║п┤Рђг-NGKPQFFGT-NCUUG)QNFVNYHGKPUV\KUGNKGTVRQNKGTV WPF GOCKNNKGTV OKP PCJG\W WPUKEJVDCTG GZ\GNNGPV CWUIGH├њJTVG 'OCKNNGTGRCTCVWTGP QJPG 5EJWNVGTDCPF $756#5HH82'5 44++



  

'ZGORNCTXQPCW┬ГGTQTFGPVNKEJUEJ├їPGT#PHGTVKIWPIUSWCNKV┬иVWPFKPJGTXQTTCIGPFGT'TJCNVWPIKPGEJV)QNFPWTUGJT UGNVGP\WHKPFGP  

&CUCWUIGFGJPVG4GKEJXQP5C KFDKP5WNVCP5WNVCPXQP1OCPWPF5CPUKDCTYWTFGXQP\YGKGPUGKPGT5├їJPGIGVGKNV +P 5CPUKDCT HQNIVG  5WNVCP $CTIJCUEJ DKP 5C KF FGT FGP 1TFGP FGU 5VTCJNGPFGP 5VGTPU KP \YGK -NCUUGP OKV   5VCVWVGP XQO  5GRVGODGT  IGFTWEMV KP /QPKVGWT FG NC .┬ЙIKQP F┼Ѕ*QPPGWT  =? 5H GTPGWGTV CO    #WIWUV UVKHVGVG&C┬ГFGT1TFGPUEJQPXQTGZKUVKGTVGKUVO├їINKEJ&KGQFGT(├њTUVGPMNCUUGYWTFGYQJNPWTGKP GKP\KIGU /CN XGTNKGJGP UKG YWTFG UR┬иVGUVGPU  HCNNGPIGNCUUGP &KG  -NCUUG YCT KP  UGKV  KP  5VWHGP   WPVGTVGKNV 8GTGKPHCEJGPF YGTFGPFKGH├њPH5VWHGPJKGTUGKVCWEJQHHK\KGNNCNU-NCUUGP┼їDKUDG\GKEJPGV &GT 1TFGP YWTFG KPN┬иPFKUEJGP *QPQTCVKQTGP $GCOVGP CWH FGO (GUVNCPF &KRNQOCVGP -QNQPKCNDGCOVGP   *CPFGNUJGTTGP WPF 5EJKHHUMCRKV┬иPGP XGTNKGJGP &GT 4GKEJUMCP\NGT (├њTUV 1VVQ X $KUOCTEM DGUC┬Г FKG  -NCUUG OKV   &KCOCPVGP &KG 1TFGPU\GKEJGP DNKGDGP PCJG\W WPXGT┬иPFGTV CDGT UKGDGP 5WNVCPG UGV\VGP KJTGP MCNNKITCRJKUEJGP   0COGPU\WIKPFKG/GFCKNNQPUWPF\YGK5WNVCPG┬иPFGTVGPFKG/GFCKNNQPUY┬иJTGPFKJTGT4GIKGTWPIU\GKVUQFC┬ГGUKO )CP\GP PGWP /QFGNNG IKDV  5GKV  YWTFGP FKG 8GTNGKJWPIGP KP FGT <CP\KDCT 1HHKEKCN )C\GVVG XGT├їHHGPVNKEJV   FKGUG3WGNNGKUVCDGTPWT\WGVYCXQNNUV┬иPFKI 8IN.CYTGPEG#TEJGT,*6JG1TFGTUQH%JKXCNT[.QPFQP 5H6COOCPP)#&KG1TFGPXQP5CPUKDCT'KP5VTGKHNKEJVCWHFKGFGWVUEJG-QNQPKCNIGUEJKEJVG+P 1HHGPDCEJGT2JCNGTKUVKUEJG5VWFKGP$F 1HHGPDCEJ 57PF)45H 



1TFGPFGU5VTCJNGPFGP5VGTPU/QFGNN OKV+PUEJTKHV-CYMCDGN&WTTKGN<KPLKDCTK=1TFGPFGU 5VTCJNGPFGP5VGTPUXQP5CPUKDCT? $TWUVUVGTP\WTWPF-NCUUGHTCP\├їUKUEJG #PHGTVKIWPI#WUH├њJTWPIOKVTQVGOCKNNKGTVGO/GFCKNNQP&WTEJOGUUGTOO5KNDGTDTKNNCPVKGTVWPF TGRGTEKGTVVNYXGTIQNFGV<GPVTWOTQVGOCKNNKGTVCWHFGO4GXGTU9KGFGTJQNWPIFGTXQTFGTUGKVKIGP+P- UEJTKHVCPHCEJIGTGEJVGTPGWGTVGT0CFGNOKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGP$756#5HH82' 5 4++



(├њTFKG<GKVDKUUKPFKPFGT<CP\KDCT1HHKEKCN)C\GVVG8GTNGKJWPIGPKPFGT-NCUUGWPFKPFGT -NCUUG CWHIGH├њJTV +P FGT  -NCUUG YWTFG FGT $TWUVUVGTP CNNGKP QJPG YGKVGTG +PUKIPKGP YKG *CNU QFGT   $TWUVFGMQTCVKQPIGVTCIGP

291


K√ЦNIGREICH SIAM / THAILAND

1073

1074

1075

1076

1078

1077

-¤0+)4'+%*5+#/$<9 5'+6 6*#+.#0& 

&GT 5GJT 'TJCDGPG 1TFGP FGU 9GK¬≠GP 'NGRJCPVGP =аєАаЄДаЄ£аЄЈ аЄ≠аЄЗаЄ£аЄ≤аЄКаЄ≠аЄіаЄ™аЄ£аЄі аЄҐаЄ≤аЄ†аЄ£аЄУаєМаЄ≠аЄЩаЄ± аєАаЄЫаєЗ аЄЩаЄЧаЄµаєАаЄКаЄіаЄФаЄКаЄєаЄҐаЄЗаЄі аЄКаєЙаЄ≤аЄЗаєАаЄЬаЄЈаЄ≠аЄБ?  /QFGNN

 $TWUVUVGTP\WT-NCUUG&WTEJOGUUGTOO5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCP0CFGN FKGUGOKVHTCP\√МUKUEJGT'KPHWJTRWP\GXQPDKU 5EJYCPGPRWP\G  ++

 



&GT WTURT√ТPINKEJ XKGTMNCUUKIG <KXKN WPF /KNKV¬ЈT8GTFKGPUVQTFGP YWTFG  XQP -√МPKI /QPIMWV 4COC +8    IGUVKHVGV9QJNYWTFGGTCWHH√ТPH-NCUUGPGTYGKVGTVFKG)GUVCNVWPIUGKPGT+PUKIPKGPYGUGPVNKEJXGT¬ЈPFGTV WPFWOFKG)QNFGPGWPF5KNDGTPG/GFCKNNGCNUWPVGTUVG-NCUUGPGTYGKVGTVYWTFGFGT1TFGPTGQTICPKUKGTV CWHCEJV-NCUUGPGTYGKVGTVWPFFGP+PUKIPKGPKJTGLGV\KIG)GUVCNVWPIIGIGDGP





&GT5GJT'TJCDGPG1TFGP FGU9GK¬≠GP'NGRJCPVGP=аєАаЄДаЄ£аЄЈаЄ≠ аЄЗаЄ£аЄ≤аЄКаЄ≠аЄіаЄ™аЄ£аЄіаЄҐаЄ≤аЄ†аЄ£аЄУаєМаЄ≠ аЄ±аЄЩаєАаЄЫаєЗаЄЩаЄЧаЄµаєА аЄКаЄіаЄФаЄКаЄєаЄҐаЄЗаЄі аЄКаєЙаЄ≤аЄЗаєАаЄЬаЄЈаЄ≠аЄБ?/QFGNN UGKV  $TWUVUVGTP\WT-NCUUGH√ТT*GTTGPL√ТPIGTG#PHGTVKIWPI$TQP\GXGTUKNDGTVVNYXGTIQNFGVWPF GOCKNNKGTVOGJTGTG1Z[FCVKQPUUVGNNGPCP0CFGN$75HH82'5H +++ &GT5GJT'TJCDGPG1TFGP FGU9GK¬≠GP'NGRJCPVGP=аєАаЄДаЄ£аЄЈ аЄ≠аЄЗаЄ£аЄ≤аЄКаЄ≠аЄіаЄ™аЄ£аЄі аЄҐаЄ≤аЄ†аЄ£аЄУаєМаЄ≠аЄЩаЄ± аєАаЄЫаєЗ аЄЩаЄЧаЄµаєАаЄКаЄіаЄФаЄКаЄєаЄҐаЄЗаЄі аЄКаєЙаЄ≤аЄЗаєАаЄЬаЄЈаЄ≠аЄБ?/QFGNN UGKV   &GMQTCVKQP  -NCUUG H√ТT *GTTGP ¬ЈNVGTG #PHGTVKIWPI 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV OKV CNVGO *CNUDCPF KO QTKIKPCNGP XKQNGVVGP 'VWK OKV IQNFHCTDGPGT /GVCNNCWHNCIG $7 5HH 82' 5H ++

      

'UJCPFGNVUKEJJKGTDGKWOGKPGSWCNKVCVKXUGJTIWVG#PHGTVKIWPICWUFGPGT,CJTGP







&GT5GJT'TJCDGPG1TFGP FGU9GK¬≠GP'NGRJCPVGP=аєАаЄДаЄ£аЄЈ аЄ≠аЄЗаЄ£аЄ≤аЄКаЄ≠аЄіаЄ™аЄ£аЄі аЄҐаЄ≤аЄ†аЄ£аЄУаєМаЄ≠аЄЩаЄ± аєАаЄЫаєЗ аЄЩаЄЧаЄµаєАаЄКаЄіаЄФаЄКаЄєаЄҐаЄЗаЄі аЄКаєЙаЄ≤аЄЗаєАаЄЬаЄЈаЄ≠аЄБ?/QFGNN UGKV   &GMQTCVKQP FGT  QFGT  -NCUUG H√ТT &COGP ¬ЈNVGTG #PHGTVKIWPI 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTVCWHFGT4√ТEMUGKVGFGT-TQPGVJCKN¬ЈPFKUEJGT*GTUVGNNGTRWP\GQJPG$CPF$75HH82' 5H ++ &GT5GJT'TJCDGPG1TFGP FGU9GK¬≠GP'NGRJCPVGP=аєАаЄДаЄ£аЄЈ аЄ≠аЄЗаЄ£аЄ≤аЄКаЄ≠аЄіаЄ™аЄ£аЄі аЄҐаЄ≤аЄ†аЄ£аЄУаєМаЄ≠аЄЩаЄ± аєАаЄЫаєЗ аЄЩаЄЧаЄµаєАаЄКаЄіаЄФаЄКаЄєаЄҐаЄЗаЄі аЄКаєЙаЄ≤аЄЗаєАаЄЬаЄЈаЄ≠аЄБ?/QFGNN UGKV  &GMQTCVKQP-NCUUGH√ТT&COGP¬ЈNVGTG#PHGTVKIWPI5KNDGTVNYXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCWHFGT 4√ТEMUGKVG FGT -TQPG VJCKN¬ЈPFKUEJGT *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G WPF  CP QTKIKPCNGT &COGPUEJNGKHG $7 5HH82'5H ++ &GT 5GJT 'JTGPYGTVG 1TFGP FGT -TQPG XQP 6JCKNCPF =аєАаЄДаЄ£аЄЈ аЄ≠аЄЗаЄ£аЄ≤аЄКаЄ≠аЄіаЄ™аЄ£аЄі аЄҐаЄ≤аЄ†аЄ£аЄУаєМаЄ≠аЄЩаЄ± аЄ°аЄµаєАаЄБаЄµаЄҐаЄ£аЄХаЄіаЄҐаЄ®аЄҐаЄіаЄЗаЄ°аЄЗаЄБаЄЄаЄОаєДаЄЧаЄҐ? UGKV   /QFGNN UGKV $TWUVUVGTP\WT-NCUUGH√ТT*GTTGPL√ТPIGTG#PHGTVKIWPI$TQP\GXGTUKNDGTVVNY XGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCP0CFGN$75HH82'5H ++ &GT WTURT√ТPINKEJ XKGTMNCUUKIG <KXKN WPF /KNKV¬ЈT8GTFKGPUVQTFGP YWTFG CO  &G\GODGT  XQP -√МPKI   %JWNCNQPIMQTP 4COC 8  IGUVKHVGV 9QJN  YWTFG GT CWH H√ТPH -NCUUGP GTYGKVGTV  FKG )GUVCNVWPI UGKPGT   +PUKIPKGPYGUGPVNKEJXGT¬ЈPFGTVWPFWOFKG)QNFGPGWPF5KNDGTPG/GFCKNNGCNUWPVGTUVG-NCUUGPGTYGKVGTV YWTFGFGT1TFGPTGQTICPKUKGTVCWHCEJV-NCUUGPGTYGKVGTVWPFFGP+PUKIPKGPKJTGLGV\KIG)GUVCNVWPIIGIGDGP 8IN CWEJ)45HH 

292



  





    


REPUBLIK TSCHAD

1079

1080

1081

1082

1083

1084

&GT 5GJT 'JTGPYGTVG 1TFGP FGT -TQPG XQP 6JCKNCPF =р╣Ар╕Др╕гр╕╖ р╕нр╕Зр╕гр╕▓р╕Кр╕нр╕┤р╕кр╕гр╕┤ р╕вр╕▓р╕ар╕гр╕Ур╣Мр╕нр╕Щр╕▒ р╕бр╕╡р╣Ар╕Бр╕╡р╕вр╕гр╕Хр╕┤р╕вр╕ир╕вр╕┤р╕Зр╕бр╕Зр╕Бр╕╕р╕Ор╣Др╕Чр╕в? UGKV   /QFGNN UGKV &GMQTCVKQP\WT-NCUUGH├ТT *GTTGP┬╖NVGTG#PHGTVKIWPI5KNDGTVNYXGTIQNFGV WPFGOCKNNKGTVCWHFGT4├ТEMUGKVGFGT-TQPGVJCKN┬╖PFKUEJG*GTUVGNNGTRWP\KGTWPICO*CNUDCPFCDUEJPKVV $75HH82'5H ++





&GT 5GJT 'JTGPYGTVG 1TFGP FGT -TQPG XQP 6JCKNCPF =р╣Ар╕Др╕гр╕╖ р╕нр╕Зр╕гр╕▓р╕Кр╕нр╕┤р╕кр╕гр╕┤ р╕вр╕▓р╕ар╕гр╕Ур╣Мр╕нр╕Щр╕▒ р╕бр╕╡р╣Ар╕Бр╕╡р╕вр╕гр╕Хр╕┤р╕вр╕ир╕вр╕┤р╕Зр╕бр╕Зр╕Бр╕╕р╕Ор╣Др╕Чр╕в? UGKV   /QFGNN UGKV &GMQTCVKQP\WT-NCUUGH├ТT*GTTGPL├ТPIGTG#PHGTVKIWPI$TQP\GXGTUKNDGTVVNY XGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPF$75HH82'5H ++

  



&GT 5GJT 'JTGPYGTVG 1TFGP FGT -TQPG XQP 6JCKNCPF =р╣Ар╕Др╕гр╕╖ р╕нр╕Зр╕гр╕▓р╕Кр╕нр╕┤р╕кр╕гр╕┤ р╕вр╕▓р╕ар╕гр╕Ур╣Мр╕нр╕Щр╕▒ р╕бр╕╡р╣Ар╕Бр╕╡р╕вр╕гр╕Хр╕┤р╕вр╕ир╕вр╕┤р╕Зр╕бр╕Зр╕Бр╕╕р╕Ор╣Др╕Чр╕в? UGKV   /QFGNN UGKV &GMQTCVKQP\WT-NCUUGH├ТT *GTTGP┬╖NVGTG#PHGTVKIWPI5KNDGTVNYXGTIQNFGV WPFGOCKNNKGTVCWHFGT4├ТEMUGKVGFGT-TQPGVJCKN┬╖PFKUEJG*GTUVGNNGTRWP\KGTWPICOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPF OKVCWHIGNGIVGT4QUGVVG$75HH82'5H ++

  



  



4'27$.+-65%*#& 

0CVKQPCNQTFGP =1TFTG 0CVKQPCN? -QOOCPFGWTMTGW\ $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV KO   *CNUDCPFTKPI *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G FGT (KTOC #TVJWU$GTVTCPF KP 2CTKU $7 5H 4( 5H 6# 5   82'5 ++



&GTH├ТPHMNCUUKIG )TQ┬нMTGW\)TQ┬нQHHK\KGT-QOOCPFGWT1HHK\KGTWPF4KVVGT CNNIGOGKPG8GTFKGPUVQTFGPYWTFGOKV &GMTGV 0T  XQO  #RTKN  IGUVKHVGV WPF FWTEJ FKG &GMTGVG 0T 24 XQO  #WIWUV  WPF 0T   24XQO&G\GODGTXGT┬╖PFGTV



<KXKN8GTFKGPUVQTFGP=1TFTGFW/┬╛TKVG%KXKSWG?-QOOCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFVNY GOCKNNKGTV KO $CPFTKPI *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G FGT (KTOC #TVJWU$GTVTCPF KP 2CTKU CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF   \WUCOOGP OKV -PQRHNQEJTQUGVVG KO 1TKIKPCNGVWK FGT (KTOC #TVJWU$GTVTCPF KP 2CTKU $7 5H 4(   582'5 44++



&GTH├ТPHMNCUUKIG )TQ┬нMTGW\)TQ┬нQHHK\KGT-QOOCPFGWT1HHK\KGTWPF4KVVGT 8GTFKGPUVQTFGPYWTFGOKV&GMTGV0T 24XQO#WIWUVIGUVKHVGVWPFOKV&GMTGV0T24%/XQO&G\GODGTXGT┬╖PFGTV



/KNKV┬╖T8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ =%TQKZ FW /┬╛TKVG /KNKVCKTG? 8GTUKNDGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO   $CPF4(5 4++ )GUVKHVGVXQP2T┬╖UKFGPV(TCP┬╝QKU0ICTVC6QODCNDC[G  OKV&GMTGV0T24%/XQO&G\GODGT

 293


TÜRKEI

1085

6ª4-'+ 15/#0+5%*'54'+%* $+5  

1UOCPLG1TFGP =1UOCPÄ 0KqCPK?  /QFGNN &GMQTCVKQPGP OKV ITÒP GOCKNNKGTVGP 5VTCJNGP       $TWUVUVGTP \WT  -NCUUG OKV $TKNNCPVGP 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV 8GTIQNFWPI CWH FGO 4GXGTU   OGFCKNNQPVNYXGTICPIGP/GFCKNNQP)QNFGOCKNNKGTVDGUGV\V¯LQWTOKV&KCOCPVGP 92+ KP#NV UEJNKHH FCXQP  XQP  DKU  EV  XQP  DKU  EV WPF  \W  EV KO FGT\GKVKIGP   )GUCOVYGTV XQP EC   CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG 9KFOWPIUITCXWT *4*  2TKPEG #ZGN  QH    &GPOCTMOKV-TQPGCP0CFGNOKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGP#PIGDQVGPOKV9GTVDGUEJGKPKIWPIFGU ,WYGNKGTU1GFKPI'TFGNKP/ÒPUVGT 4444+++  2TKP\#ZGNXQP&·PGOCTM  JCVFKG-NCUUGFGU1UOCPLG 1TFGPUOKV$TKNNCPVGPCO&G\GODGTXQP5WNVCP#DFÒNJCOKF++

  KP -QPUVCPVKPQRGN XGTNKGJGP DGMQOOGP <WUCOOGP OKV   FGO /CTKPGMCFGVVGP,CJTICPI  ņ  FGO GT CPIGJÌTVG PCJO   CPFGT9KPVGT-TGW\HCJTVFGUF·PKUEJGP-TGW\GTU*GLOFCNKPU/KVVGN OGGT XQO  1MVQDGT  DKU  (GDTWCT  VGKN +P -QPUVCP   VKPQRGN GTTGIVG FGT 7OUVCPF FC­ GKP MÌPKINKEJGT 2TKP\ CNU GKPHCEJGT   5GEQPF.KGWVGPCPV CP $QTF GKPGU -TGW\GTU FKGPVG ITÌ­VGU #WHUGJGP   <YGK6CIGPCEJFGT#PMWPHVKP-QPUVCPVKPQRGN CO&G\GODGT IG Y·JTVG #DFÒNJCOKF ++ FGO  L·JTKIGP 2TKP\GP \WUCOOGP OKV FGO   UEJYGFKUEJGP )GUCPFVGP  GKPG #WFKGP\ KO 8GTNCWHG FGTGT GT FKG   1TFGPUKPUKIPKGP RGTUÌPNKEJ XQO 5WNVCP ÒDGTTGKEJV DGMCO#OHQNIGP FGP 6CI  &G\GODGT  XGTCPNC­VG FGT 5WNVCP FKG 8GTNGKJWPI XQP   1TFGPCPCNNG1HHK\KGTGFGU-TGW\GTU#OINGKEJGP6CIDGGJTVGP2TKP\ #DFÒTTCJKO *C[TK 'HGPFK   5QJP FGU 5WNVCPU KP $GINGK   VWPIGKPGUQUOCPKUEJGP(GNFOCTUEJCNNUFGP-TGW\GTYQUKGOKVCNNGP 'JTGP WPF 2CTCFG GORHCPIGP YWTFGP #O  &G\GODGT NKGH FKG   *GLOFCNYKGFGTCWUOKV-WTUCWH2KTCGWU -NCWU(GFGT6ÎPFGTPCEJ .CTU9KUOCPP(CTWOWPF2JKNKR,ÎTIGPUGP*ÎTUJQO  *KUVQTKUEJGU1DLGMVCWUMÌPKINKEJGO$GUKV\WPFKPVGTGUUCPVGU$GNGIUVÒEMHÒTFKG)GUEJKEJVGFGTF·PKUEJVÒTMKUEJGP $G\KGJWPIGP /WVOC­NKEJ HTCP\ÌUKUEJG #PHGTVKIWPI XQP GTUVMNCUUKIGT #PHGTVKIWPIUSWCNKV·V XQP PCEJYGKUDCTGT   MÌPKINKEJGT2TQXGPKGP\WPFKPGZ\GNNGPVGT'TJCNVWPI&KGDGKIGHÒIVG9GTVDGUEJGKPKIWPIFGU,WYGNKGTU1GFKPI'TFGN KP/ÒPUVGTIKDVHÒTFKG5VGKPGGKPGPIGIGPY·TVKIGP9KGFGTDGUEJCHHWPIUYGTVXQP\WUCOOGPECCP  

2TKP\ #ZGN %JTKUVKCP )GQTI XQP &·PGOCTM WPFDKUCWEJXQP+UNCPF  YCTFGT\YGKV·NVGUVG5QJP FGUUR·VGTGP#FOKTCNU2TKP\9CNFGOCTXQP&·PGOCTM  WPFFGUUGP)GOCJNKP/CTKGIGD2TKP\GUUKPXQP 1TN¾CPU  WPFUQOKVGKP'PMGN-ÌPKI%JTKUVKCPU+:XQP&·PGOCTM  0GHHG-ÌPKI(TGFGTKMU 8+++   WPF W X C 8GVVGT  )TCFGU -ÌPKI %JTKUVKCPU :   -ÌPKI *CCMQPU 8++ XQP   0QTYGIGP  -ÌPKI-QPUVCPVKPU+XQP)TKGEJGPNCPF  -ÌPKI)GQTIU8XQP)TQ­DTKVCPPKGP

  FGU TWUUKUEJGP -CKUGTU 0KMQNCWU ++   WPF XQP 'TPUV #WIWUV XQP *CPPQXGT *GT\QI XQP   $TCWPUEJYGKI   

294


TÜRKEI 'TYCTDKU1HHK\KGTKPFGT&·PKUEJGP/CTKPGFGTFKGOKNKV·TKUEJG.CWHDCJPDGIKPPGPFXQO5GGMCFGVVDKU\WO -CRKV·PFWTEJNCWHGPJCVVGWPFYWTFG\WO-QPVGTCFOKTCN¯NCUWKVGWPF\WO#FOKTCN¯NCUWKVGDGHÌTFGTV 8QP  DKU  YCT GT &KTGMVQT FGT F·PKUEJGP 1UVCUKCVKUEJGP -QORCPKG WPF UGNDUV CWEJ2KNQVHÒTMWT\G<GKV CWEJ &KTGMVQT FGT F·PKUEJGP (NWIIGUGNNUEJCHV 5#5 #NU DGIGKUVGTVGT 5RQTVNGT YCT GT CWEJ UGKV  /KVINKGF FGU   +PVGTPCVKQPCNGP 1N[ORKUEJGP -QOKVGGU /KV UGKPGT )GOCJNKP /CTICTGVJC IGD 2TKP\GUUKP XQP 5EJYGFGP      JCVVG GT \YGK 5ÌJPG 2TKP\ )GQTI   WPF 2TKP\ (NGOOKPI )TCH XQP 4QUGPDQTI    

YKMKRGFKCFM  

+PJCDGT \CJNTGKEJGT JQJGT F·PKUEJGT WPF CWUN·PFKUEJGT #WU\GKEJPWPIGP YCT GT W C 4KVVGT FGU 'NGRJCPVGP1TFGPU  

 FGUUEJYGFKUEJGP5GTCRJKO1TFGPU 0T FGULCRCPKUEJGP1TFGPUFGT#WHIGJGPFGP 5QPPG OKV 2CYNQYPKC$NÒVGP WPF FGU RTGW­KUEJGP *QJGP 1TFGPU XQO 5EJYCT\GP #FNGT 0T       )TQ­MQOOCPFGWTFGU&CPPGDTQI1TFGPU  &CPPGDTQIU/CPP  +PJCDGTFGT)TQ­MQTFQPUFGUDGNIKUEJGP .GQRQNF1TFGPU  )TQ­MTGW\FGUITKGEJKUEJGP'TNÌUGT1TFGPUFGUHKPPKUEJGP1TFGPUFGT9GK­GP4QUG FGU HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP 1TFGPU FGT 'JTGPNGIKQP   FGU KVCNKGPKUEJGP 5V /CWTKVKWU WPF .C\CTWU1TFGPU FGU   OGEMNGPDWTIUEJYGTKPKUEJGP )TGKHGP1TFGPU FGU <KXKNXGTFKGPUVQTFGPU XQO PKGFGTN·PFKUEJGP .ÌYGP FGU PQTYGIK   UEJGP 5V 1NCX1TFGPU FGU RQNPKUEJGP 1TFGP 2QNQPKC 4GUVKVWVC FGU RTGW­KUEJGP 4QVGP #FNGT1TFGPU FGU DTKVK  UEJGP8KMVQTKC1TFGPU  FGUUCPOCTKPGUKUEJGP1TFGPUXQOJN/CTKPWUWPF+PJCDGTFGT-NCUUGFGU VJCKN·PFKUEJGP /CJC %JCMTK1TFGPU WPF FGU 1TFGPUXQO9GK­GP'NGRJCPVGP -NCWU(GFGT6ÎPFGTWPF/KEJCGN #WVGPITWDGT-QPUVCP\  

8IN CWEJ #WVGPITWDGT /KEJCGN WPF (GFGT -NCWU  'KP CWUIG\GKEJPGVGT 2TKP\ ņ#ZGN XQP &·PGOCTM     +P/KNKVCTKC,CJTICPI*GHV0QXGODGT&G\GODGT  

&GT \WP·EJUV FTGKMNCUUKIG  DKU  -NCUUG  ÒDGT FGO /GFLKFLKG1TFGP CPIGUKGFGNVG <KXKNWPF/KNKV·T8GTFKGPUV QTFGP YWTFG 'PFG  =#* ? XQO QUOCPKUEJGP 5WNVCP #DFÒN#\K\   IGUVKHVGV FKG CWUHÒJTNKEJGP   5VCVWVGP YWTFGP KO ,QWTPCN FG %QPUVCPVKPQRNG XQO  ,CPWCTRWDNK\KGTV /QFGNN 'TYWTFGDGPCPPVPCEJ 5WNVCP 1UOCP + )C\K   FGO $GITÒPFGT FGU 1UOCPKUEJGP 4GKEJGU  GTHQNIVG GKPG 5VCVWVGP   ·PFGTWPI FGT \WHQNIG FKG +PUKIPKGP GKPG PGWG )GUVCNVWPI GTJKGNVGP WPF GKPG  -NCUUG VTCIDCT CO $TWUVDCPF OKV   CWHIGNGIVGT4QUGVVG IGUVKHVGVYWTFG /QFGNN 'KPG5VKHVWPIFGT\WYGKNGPKO*CPFGNXQTMQOOGPFGP-NCUUGCP GKPGO $TWUVDCPF QJPG 4QUGVVG KUV PKG GTHQNIV 5GKV  MQPPVGP CNNG -NCUUGP CWEJ OKV IGMTGW\VGP QUOCPKUEJGP   5·DGNP =MKNK¼? XGTNKGJGP YGTFGP #NU DGUQPFGTG #WU\GKEJPWPI YWTFG FKG  -NCUUG OKV 5VGKPGP DGUGV\V XGTNKGJGP   YQDGK CWEJ 5VGTPMQTRWU FGU $TWUVUVGTPU XQNNUV·PFKI OKV $TKNNCPVGP WPFQFGT &KCOCPVTQUGP DGUGV\VYCT0CEJ#WU TWHWPIFGT4GRWDNKMYWTFGFGT1TFGPYKGCNNGQUOCPKUEJGP#WU\GKEJPWPIGPCWHIGJQDGP

1086







1087

1088

1UOCPLG1TFGP =1UOCPÄ 0KqCPK?  /QFGNN &GMQTCVKQPGP OKV ITÒP GOCKNNKGTVGP 5VTCJNGP       $TWUVUVGTP \WT  WPF \WT  -NCUUG 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV WPF TGRGTEKGTV VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF   GOCKNNKGTVKPFGT5RKV\GFGUQDGTGP5VTCJNUQUOCPKUEJG2WP\GCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGTQUOCPKUEJGP/ÒP\GKP-QPUVCPVKPQRGNWPF2WP\GCP0CFGNOKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGP82' 5 ++



1UOCPLG1TFGP =1UOCPÄ 0KqCPK?  /QFGNN &GMQTCVKQPGP OKV ITÒP GOCKNNKGTVGP 5VTCJNGP      &GMQTCVKQP-NCUUG5KNDGTVNYDTKNNCPVKGTVVNYXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCO*CNUDCPF82' 5 ++



/GFLKFLKG1TFGP =‫  نشانی یدیمج‬/GEÄFÄ 0KĤCPÁ? &GMQTCVKQP  -NCUUG 5KNDGT /GFCKNNQP WPF #ITCHHG )QNFVNYGOCKNNKGTV$CPFTKPIQHHGPCOCNVGPLGFQEJPKEJVICP\MQTTGMVGP*CNUDCPF82'5 ++





'UFÒTHVGUKEJJKGTDGKWOGKP'ZGORNCTCWUFGT5VKHVWPIU\GKVQFGTMWT\FCPCEJCNUQFGO<GKVTCWOFGU-TKO-TKGIGU JCPFGNP  

&GT HÒPHMNCUUKIG  DKU  -NCUUG  <KXKN WPF /KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVQTFGP YWTFG KO #WIWUV  XQO QUOCPKUEJGP   5WNVCP #DFÒN/GLKF +   IGUVKHVGV 9QJN KO 8GTNCWH FGU 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIGU YWTFG FKG 8GTNGKJWPI CNNGT   -NCUUGP OKV IGMTGW\VGP 5·DGNP GKPIGHÒJTV #NU DGUQPFGTG #WU\GKEJPWPI YWTFG FKG  -NCUUG OKV 5VGKPGP DGUGV\V   XGTNKGJGP YQDGK FKG +PUKIPKGP PCJG\W XQNNUV·PFKI OKV $TKNNCPVGP WPFQFGT &KCOCPVTQUGP DGUGV\V YCT 0CEJ   #WUTWHWPIFGT4GRWDNKMYWTFGFGT1TFGPYKGCNNGQUOCPKUEJGP#WU\GKEJPWPIGPCWHIGJQDGP

295


TUNESIEN

1089 1091



1090

-TKGIU/GFCKNNG=*CTR/CFCN[CUÁ?UQIGP'KUGTPG*CNDOQPF QFGT)CNNKRQNK5VCT #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC )QFGV KP $GTNKP 5KNDGT GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN FKGUG OKV *GTUVGNNGTD\GKEJPWPI )1&'6 $'4.+0KO1TKIKPCNGVWKXQP)QFGV +++



 

+PFKGUGT2TCEJVGTJCNVWPIPWT·W­GTUVUGNVGP\WHKPFGP

670'5+'0 

4')'065%*#(6 670+5 706'4 '+0'/ $';     810  $+5    (4#0<¤5+5%*'52416'-614#6  CN +HVKMJCT? UQIGP 0KUEJCP +HVKMJCT1TFGP   1TFGP FGU 4WJOGU =‫  االفتخار نيشان‬0KUEJCP /QFGNN    #WUICDG OKV 0COGPUEJKHHTG /WJCOOCF CU 5CFQM =‫ ?الصادق محمد‬XQP /QJCOOGF +++ CU 5CFQM $G[    &GMQTCVKQP  -NCUUG )TQ­QHHK\KGT  HTCP\ÌUKUEJG #PHGTVKIWPI 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV WPF TGRGTEKGTV VNY GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN OKV \YGK UGKVNKEJGP (KZKGTJCMGP6#5HH82'5H ++



   

7PIGYÌJPNKEJG#PHGTVKIWPIXQPHTÒJGTWPFJQJGT3WCNKV·V   )GUEJCHHGPCFJQEPCEJFGO8QTDKNFFGU1UOCPKUEJGP1TFGPUFGU4WJOU=0KĤCPÁĂHVKJCT? NGV\VGTGTIGUVKHVGV =?XQP5WNVCP/CJOWF++ XGTICD#DW#NPCMWDC/WUVCHCCN*WUUCKPK2CUEJC$G[  $G[WPF +PJCDGTFGT4GIGPVUEJCHVKP6WPKUKO,CJTCPUGKPGPCW­GPRQNKVKUEJGP$GTCVGT)KWUGRRG%QPVG4CHHQ    GKPG CNU 1TFGP FGU 4WJOU =0KUEJCP CN +HVKMJCT? DG\GKEJPGVG #WU\GKEJPWPI CNU <GKEJGP UGKPGT DGUQPFGTGP 9GTVUEJ·V\WPIHÒTFKGKJOWPFUGKPGT(COKNKGIGNGKUVGVGPDGUQPFGTGP8GTFKGPUVG   8GTCPNC­VFWTEJUGKPGPRGTUÌPNKEJGP#FLWVCPVGPFGOGDGPHCNNUCWUFGO-ÌPKITGKEJ2KGOQPV5CTFKPKGPUVCOOGPFGP 1DGTUV.QWKU%CNNKICTKU  )TÒPFGTFGT/KNKV·TUEJWNGXQP6WPKUPCJO#EJOGF+$G[   0CEJHQNIGT XQP /WUVCHC + $G[ FGP )GFCPMGPCWH GKPG GKIGPG #WU\GKEJPWPI \W UEJCHHGP XGTYKTMNKEJVG  FKG 8QTUEJN·IGUGKPGU#FLWVCPVGPWPFUVKHVGVGGKPG\WP·EJUVXKGTUVWHKIG#WU\GKEJPWPIWPVGTFGT$G\GKEJPWPI0KUEJCPCN +HVKMJCTYQ\W%CNNKICTKUCWEJFCU4GINGOGPVXGTHC­VG /QFGNN   

<WP·EJUVHÒIVG#DW#DFWNNCJ/QJCOOGF++CN*WUUCKPK2CUEJC$G[  0CEJHQNIGTXQP#EJOGF+$G[ PCEJ UGKPGT 4GIKGTWPIUÒDGTPCJOG  UGKPG GKIGPG 0COGPUEJKHHTG =‫  محمد‬/WJCOOCF? GKP UCJ UKEJLGFQEJ  IG\YWPIGP CWHITWPF FGT GZVTGO JQJGP -QUVGP HÒT FKG *GTUVGNNWPI FGT +PUKIPKGP KP GEJVGP 5VGKPGP FGP 1TFGP \W TGQTICPKUKGTGP WPF FKG )GUVCNVWPI FGT &GMQTCVKQPGP YGUGPVNKEJ \W XGT·PFGTP 'T DGCWHVTCIVG JKGT\W 5K/QJCOOGF )CTCFGP&KTGMVQTFGTVWPGUKUEJGP/ÒP\GKP.G$CTFQFGTFKGPGWGP+PUKIPKGPGPVYCTHWPFFGTGPPGWG)GUVCNVWPI CWEJ FKG <WUVKOOWPI XQP /QJCOOGF ++ $G[ HCPFGP &KG PGWGP +PUKIPKGP FGU OÌINKEJGTYGKUG HÒPHMNCUUKIGP

*ÌEJUVG -NCUUG WPF  DKU  -NCUUG  YWTFGP KP DTKNNCPVKGTVGO WPF VGKNU TGRGTEKGTVGO 5KNDGT WPF VNY GOCKNNKGTV CWUIGHÒJTV /QFGNN#WUICDG WPFDKUFGO,CJTKJTGT5EJNKG­WPIKPFGT4GIGNKPFGTVWPGUKUEJGP/ÒP\G XQP.G$CTFQJGTIGUVGNNV&CPCEJYWTFGPUKGXQPXGTUEJKGFGPGP,WYGNKGTGPKP6WPKU WC5HG\ CPIGHGTVKIVUQYKG UEJQPUGKVUR·VGUVGPUCWEJKP2CTKU WCXQP5VQRKPWPF&WRGVKVDQUS.GOCÄVTGWPF#TVJWU$GTVTCPF$KNNCTU WPF#&/CTKGUQYKG%JQDKNNQP-T¾VN[WPF(C[QNNG   

5GKP 0CEJHQNIGT #DW #DFWNNCJ /QJCOOGF +++ CU 5CFQM CN *WUUCKPK 2CUEJC $G[   HÒIVG PCEJ UGKPGO 4GIKGTWPIUCPVTKVV  UGKPG GKIGPG 0COGPUEJKHHTG =‫  الصادق محمد‬/WJCOOCF CU 5CFQM? KP FKG /GFCKNNQPU FGT +PUKIPKGP GKP  /QFGNN  #WUICDG  /KV &GMTGV XQO (GDTWCT/·T\  GTNKG­ GT UEJNKG­NKEJ WOHCPITGKEJG 5VCVWVGPWPFGTYGKVGTVGKJPCWHPWPOGJTUGEJU-NCUUGP *ÌEJUVG-NCUUGDKU-NCUUG 



296

1TFGP FGU 4WJOGU =‫  االفتخار نيشان‬0KUEJCP CN +HVKMJCT? UQIGP 0KUEJCP +HVKMJCT1TFGP       /QFGNN    #WUICDG OKV 0COGPUEJKHHTG /WJCOOCF CU 5CFQM =‫ ?الصادق محمد‬XQP /QJCOOGF +++ CU 5CFQM $G[    &GMQTCVKQP  -NCUUG -QOOCPFGWT  VWPGUKUEJG #PHGTVKIWPI 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV WPF TGRGTEKGTV VNY GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG 2WP\KGTWPI FGT VWPGUKUEJGP/ÒP\GKP.G$CTFQCOQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPF6#5HH82'5H ++

    


TUNESIEN

1094

1092



1093

1095

1TFGP FGU 4WJOGU =โ€ซ  ุงุงู„ูุชุฎุงุฑ ู†ูŠุดุงู†โ€ฌ0KUEJCP CN +HVKMJCT? UQIGP 0KUEJCP +HVKMJCT1TFGP   /QFGNN    #WUICDG OKV 0COGPUEJKHHTG #NK =โ€ซ ?ุนู„ูŠโ€ฌXQP #NK +++ $G[    &GMQTCVKQP  -NCUUG 1HHK\KGT  VWPGUKUEJG #PHGTVKIWPI 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV WPF TGRGTEKGTV VNY GOCKNNKGTVCWHFGT4ร’EMUGKVG2WP\KGTWPIFGTVWPGUKUEJGP/ร’P\GKP.G$CTFQCOQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPF OKVCWHIGNGIVGT4QUGVVG6#5HH82'5H ++



   

+P (QNIG FGT 'TTKEJVWPI FGU HTCP\รŒUKUEJGP 2TQVGMVQTCVU ร’DGT 6WPKU FWTEJ FGP 8GTVTCI XQP .G $CTFQ XQO  /CK GTJKGNVFGTHTCP\รŒUKUEJG)GPGTCN4GUKFGPVKP6WPKUCNU#WยญGPOKPKUVGTFGU$G[UFCUCNNGKPKIG8QTUEJNCIUTGEJVHร’T 8GTNGKJWPIGPFGU1TFGPUCP#WUNยทPFGT 0KEJV6WPGUKGT YCUFGP1TFGPYGPPCWEJPKEJVFGLWTGUQFQEJCDGTFG HCEVQ \W GKPGO HTCP\รŒUKUEJGP -QNQPKCNQTFGP YGTFGP NKGยญ #DW CN *CUUCP #NK +++ /WFFCF CN *WUUCKPK 2CUEJC $G[

 Hร’IVGPCEJUGKPGO4GIKGTWPIUCPVTKVVKPFKG+PUKIPKGPUGKPGGKIGPG0COGPUEJKHHTG=โ€ซุนู„ูŠโ€ฌ#NK?CPFKG 5VGNNGFGTLGPKIGPUGKPGU8QTIยทPIGTUGKP /QFGNN#WUICDG IGUVCVVGVGGTFKG8GTNGKJWPIFGU1TFGPUCWEJ CP&COGP





1TFGP FGU 4WJOGU =โ€ซ  ุงุงู„ูุชุฎุงุฑ ู†ูŠุดุงู†โ€ฌ0KUEJCP CN +HVKMJCT? UQIGP 0KUEJCP +HVKMJCT1TFGP   /QFGNN    #WUICDG OKV 0COGPUEJKHHTG #NK =โ€ซ ?ุนู„ูŠโ€ฌXQP #NK +++ $G[    &GMQTCVKQP-NCUUG 4KVVGT-NCUUG HTCP\รŒUKUEJG#PHGTVKIWPI5KNDGTDTKNNCPVKGTVWPFTGRGTEKGTVVNY GOCKNNKGTVCOCNVGPQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPF6#5HH82'5H ++ 1TFGP FGU 4WJOGU =โ€ซ  ุงุงู„ูุชุฎุงุฑ ู†ูŠุดุงู†โ€ฌ0KUEJCP CN +HVKMJCT? UQIGP 0KUEJCP +HVKMJCT1TFGP   /QFGNN    #WUICDG OKV 0COGPUEJKHHTG /WJCOOCF CN 0CUKT =โ€ซ ?ุงู„ู†ุงุตุฑ ู…ุญู…ุฏโ€ฌXQP /QJCOOGF 8 CN 0CUKT $G[  ? $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQยญMQTFQP HTCP\รŒUKUEJG #PHGTVKIWPI 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV VNY GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN FKGUG OKV *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G FGT (KTOC #TVJWU$GTVTCPF KP 2CTKUWPFHTCP\รŒUKUEJG)CTCPVKGRWP\GUGKVHร’TGT5KNDGT 'DGTMQRHRWP\G OKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP (KZKGTJCMGP6#5HH82'5H ++



  



    

&GT $TWUVUVGTP FGT  -NCUUG WPVGTUEJGKFGV UKEJ XQP FGOLGPKIGP \WO )TQยญMQTFQP FCFWTEJ FCยญ GT \YKUEJGP FGP GKP\GNPGP5VTCJNGPURKV\GPPWTHร’PH5RKV\GPCWHYGKUVUVCVVYKGDGKNGV\VGTGOUKGDGP  

&KG 0COGPUEJKHHTG YWTFG CWEJ XQP LGFGO PCEJHQNIGP $G[ FWTEJ FGUUGP LGYGKNU GKIGPG GTUGV\V UQ  XQP /QJCOOGF+8CN*CFKDKP#NKCN*WUUCKPK2CUEJC$G[  =โ€ซุงู„ฺพุงุฏูŠู…ุญู…ุฏโ€ฌ/WJCOOCF#N*CFK? /QFGNN #WUICDG XQP/QJCOOGF8CN0CUKTDKP/QJCOOGFCN*WUUCKPK2CUEJC$G[  =โ€ซุงู„ู†ุงุตุฑู…ุญู…ุฏโ€ฌ /WJCOCFCN0CUKT? /QFGNN#WUICDG XQP/QJCOOGF8+CN*CDKDDKP/C OWPCN*WUUCKPK2CUEJC$G[

 =โ€ซุงู„ุญุจูŠุจู…ุญู…ุฏโ€ฌ/WJCOOCFCN*CDKD? /QFGNN#WUICDG XQP5KFK#EJOGF++DKP#NKCN *WUUCKPK2CUEJC$G[   =โ€ซุจุงูŠุฏุฃุญู…โ€ฌ#JOCF$G[? /QFGNN#WUICDG XQP/QJCOOGF8++CN /WPUKH$G[DKP/QJCOOGFCN0CUKTCN*WUUCKPK2CUEJC$G[  =โ€ซุจุงูŠุงู„ู…ู†ุตูู…ุญู…ุฏโ€ฌ/WJCOOCFCN/WPUKH $G[?  /QFGNN  #WUICDG  WPF UEJNKGยญNKEJ  XQP /QJCOOGF 8+++ CN #OKP DKP /QJCOOGF CN *CDKD CN *WUUCKPK2CUEJC$G[  FGOWPFNGV\VGP$G[XQP6WPKU=โ€ซุจุงูŠุงุฃู„ู…ูŠู†ู…ุญู…ุฏโ€ฌ/WJCOOCF#N#OKP$G[?

/QFGNN#WUICDG 



1TFGP FGU 4WJOGU =โ€ซ  ุงุงู„ูุชุฎุงุฑ ู†ูŠุดุงู†โ€ฌ0KUEJCP CN +HVKMJCT? UQIGP 0KUEJCP +HVKMJCT1TFGP   /QFGNN    #WUICDG OKV 0COGPUEJKHHTG /WJCOOCF CN 0CUKT =โ€ซ ?ุงู„ู†ุงุตุฑ ู…ุญู…ุฏโ€ฌXQP /QJCOOGF 8 CN 0CUKT $G[  ? &GMQTCVKQP  -NCUUG 1HHK\KGT  HTCP\รŒUKUEJG #PHGTVKIWPI 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV WPF VNY GOCKNNKGTV OKP 'OCKNNGCWUDTWEJ KP GKPGO 5VTCJN CO CNVGP QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPFOKVCWHIGNGIVGTLGFQEJIGNรŒUVGT4QUGVVG6#5HH82'5H ++

 297

   


TUNESIEN

1098

1096

1097



1TFGP FGU 4WJOGU =โ€ซ  ุงุงู„ูุชุฎุงุฑ ู†ูŠุดุงู†โ€ฌ0KUEJCP CN +HVKMJCT? UQIGP 0KUEJCP +HVKMJCT1TFGP   /QFGNN    #WUICDG OKV 0COGPUEJKHHTG /WJCOOCF CN 0CUKT =โ€ซ ?ุงู„ู†ุงุตุฑ ู…ุญู…ุฏโ€ฌXQP /QJCOOGF 8 CN 0CUKT $G[  ? 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG \WT  -NCUUG 1HHK\KGT  Hร’T *GPTK $QWUEJGV FG $GTPCTF FCVKGTV 6WPKU  OKV 5VGORGN WPF 7PVGTUEJTKHV \WUCOOGP OKV #PHQTFGTWPIU 5EJTGKDGPร’DGTFKG8GTNGKJWPIUVCZGPFCVKGTV6WPKUCO/ยทT\<CJNWPIU#PYGKUWPIUSWKVVWPIXQO #RTKNWPF'ORHCPIUSWKVVWPIXQO/CK6NYGKPQFGTOGJTHCEJIGHCNVGV 5Vร’EM++



    

5GNVGP KP FKGUGT 8QNNUVยทPFKIMGKV  *GPTK $QWUEJGV FG $GTPCTF YCT W C 2TQVQMQNN&KTGMVQT FGU HTCP\รŒUKUEJGP   #WยญGPOKPKUVGTKWOU WPF URยทVGT &KTGMVQT FGU $WTGCW F #FOKPKUVTCVKQP FGU 0ยพGTNCPFCKU KP 6QWNQWUG 9GKVGTG   8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGPHร’T*GPT[$QWUEJGVFG$GTPCTFUKGJG-CV0TWPF



1TFGP FGU 4WJOGU =โ€ซ  ุงุงู„ูุชุฎุงุฑ ู†ูŠุดุงู†โ€ฌ0KUEJCP CN +HVKMJCT? UQIGP 0KUEJCP +HVKMJCT1TFGP   /QFGNN    #WUICDG OKV 0COGPUEJKHHTG /WJCOOCF CN *CDKD =โ€ซ ?ุงู„ุญุจูŠุจ ู…ุญู…ุฏโ€ฌXQP /QJCOOGF 8+ CN *CDKD $G[  ? $TWUVUVGTP FGT  -NCUUG )TQยญQHHK\KGT  HTCP\รŒUKUEJG #PHGTVKIWPI 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV VNY GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN FKGUG OKV HTCP\รŒUKUEJGT *GTUVGNNGT WPF 5KNDGTRWP\GWPFHTCP\รŒUKUEJGT'KPHWJTRWP\GXQPDKU 5EJYCPGPRWP\G OKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP (KZKGTJCMGP6#5HH82'5H ++



    

+PFKGUGT-NCUUGYWTFGFGT$TWUVUVGTPCNNGKPGQJPGYGKVGTG+PUKIPKGPYKG*CNUQFGT$TWUVMTGW\XGTNKGJGPWPFCWHFGT NKPMGP $TWUVUGKVG IGVTCIGP &GT $TWUVUVGTP FGT  -NCUUG WPVGTUEJGKFGV UKEJ XQP FGOLGPKIGP \WO )TQยญMQTFQP   FCFWTEJFCยญGT\YKUEJGPFGPGKP\GNPGP5VTCJNGPURKV\GPPWTHร’PH5RKV\GPCWHYGKUVUVCVVYKGDGKNGV\VGTGOUKGDGP



1TFGP FGU 4WJOGU =โ€ซ  ุงุงู„ูุชุฎุงุฑ ู†ูŠุดุงู†โ€ฌ0KUEJCP CN +HVKMJCT? UQIGP 0KUEJCP +HVKMJCT1TFGP   /QFGNN    #WUICDG OKV 0COGPUEJKHHTG /WJCOOCF CN *CDKD =โ€ซ ?ุงู„ุญุจูŠุจ ู…ุญู…ุฏโ€ฌXQP /QJCOOGF8+CN*CDKD$G[  ?8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG\WT-NCUUG -QOOCPFGWT Hร’T*GPTK $QWUEJGV FG $GTPCTF FCVKGTV 6WPKU  OKV 5VGORGN WPF 7PVGTUEJTKHV \WUCOOGP OKV QHHK\KGNNGT HTCP\รŒUKUEJGT ยชDGTUGV\WPI OKV 5VGORGN WPF 7PVGTUEJTKHV #PHQTFGTWPIU5EJTGKDGP ร’DGT FKG 8GTNGK JWPIUVCZGP FCVKGTV 6WPKU CO  0QXGODGT  <CJNWPIU#PYGKUWPIUSWKVVWPI XQO  &G\GODGT WPF'ORHCPIUSWKVVWPIXQO,CPWCT6NYGKPQFGTOGJTHCEJIGHCNVGV 5Vร’EM++ 5GNVGPKPFKGUGT8QNNUVยทPFKIMGKV*GPTK$QWUEJGVFG$GTPCTFYCTWC2TQVQMQNN&KTGMVQTFGUHTCP\รŒUKUEJGP#WยญGP OKPKUVGTKWOUWPFURยทVGT&KTGMVQTFGU$WTGCWF #FOKPKUVTCVKQPFGU0ยพGTNCPFCKUKP6QWNQWUG9GKVGTG8GTNGKJWPIU WTMWPFGPHร’T*GPT[$QWUEJGVFG$GTPCTFUKGJG-CV0TWPF

298



     


TUNESIEN

1099

1100



1TFGP FGU 4WJOGU =โ€ซ  ุงุงู„ูุชุฎุงุฑ ู†ูŠุดุงู†โ€ฌ0KUEJCP CN +HVKMJCT? UQIGP 0KUEJCP +HVKMJCT1TFGP  /QFGNN  #WUICDG OKV0COGPUEJKHHTG#EJOGF$G[=โ€ซ?ุจุงูŠุฃุญู…ุฏโ€ฌXQPล5KFKล‹#EJOGF ++ $G[  ? )TQยญMQTFQPUGV HTCP\รŒUKUEJG #PHGTVKIWPI DGUVGJGPF CWU -NGKPQF 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV VNY GOCKNNKGTV KP FGT ยคUG HTCP\รŒUKUEJG )CTCPVKGRWP\G UGKV  Hร’T GT 5KNDGT

'DGTMQRHRWP\G  CO QTKIKPCNGP 5EJWNVGTDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV VNY GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN FKGUG OKV HTCP\รŒUKUEJGT *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G OKV \YGK UGKVNKEJGP (KZKGTJCMGP 6# 5HH 82' 5H 5Vร’EM++



     

+PFGTHQNIGPFGP-CVCNQIRQUKVKQPYKTFFKGFC\WIGJรŒTKIG8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGCPIGDQVGP



1TFGP FGU 4WJOGU =โ€ซ  ุงุงู„ูุชุฎุงุฑ ู†ูŠุดุงู†โ€ฌ0KUEJCP CN +HVKMJCT? UQIGP 0KUEJCP +HVKMJCT1TFGP  /QFGNN  #WUICDG OKV0COGPUEJKHHTG#EJOGF$G[=โ€ซ?ุจุงูŠุฃุญู…ุฏโ€ฌXQPล5KFKล‹#EJOGF ++ $G[  ? 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG \WO )TQยญMQTFQP Hร’T *GPTK $QWUEJGV FG $GTPCTF FCVKGTV 6WPKU  OKV 5VGORGN WPF 7PVGTUEJTKHV \WUCOOGP OKV QHHK\KGNNGT HTCP\รŒUKUEJGT ยชDGTUGV\WPI OKV 5VGORGN WPF 7PVGTUEJTKHV #PHQTFGTWPIU5EJTGKDGP ร’DGT FKG 8GTNGKJWPIUVCZGP FCVKGTV 6WPKU CO  /ยทT\  'ORHCPIUSWKVVWPI XQO  #RTKN  OKV \WIGJรŒTKIGO ยชDGTUGPFWPIUUEJGKP OKV FTGK RGTUรŒPNKEJGP ยชDGTUGPFWPIUPQVGP YQXQP GKPG \W -รŒPKI )GQTI 8+ FGO &WEG WPF FGO (ร’JTGT $G\WIPKOOV6NYGKPQFGTOGJTHCEJIGHCNVGV 5Vร’EM++ &KGFC\WIGJรŒTKIG&GMQTCVKQPYKTFKPFGTXQTJGTIGJGPFGP-CVCNQI2QUKVKQPCPIGDQVGP







5GJT UGNVGP KP FKGUGT 8QNNUVยทPFKIMGKV WPF ร’DGTCWU CWHUEJNWยญTGKEJ ร’DGT FKG 2QUKVKQP FGT VWPGUKUEJGP 1TFGPUMCP\NGK   YKG CWEJ FKG HTCP\รŒUKUEJG 'KPUEJยทV\WPI FGT RQNKVKUEJGP .CIG  *GPTK $QWUEJGV FG $GTPCTF YCT W C 2TQVQMQNN   &KTGMVQTFGUHTCP\รŒUKUEJGP#WยญGPOKPKUVGTKWOUWPFURยทVGT&KTGMVQTFGU$WTGCWF #FOKPKUVTCVKQPFGU0ยพGTNCPFCKUKP 6QWNQWUG 9GKVGTG 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGP Hร’T *GPT[ $QWUEJGV FG $GTPCTF UKGJG -CV 0T   WPF

299

      


TUNESIEN

1102 1101









1103 1104

1TFGP FGU 4WJOGU =โ€ซ  ุงุงู„ูุชุฎุงุฑ ู†ูŠุดุงู†โ€ฌ0KUEJCP CN +HVKMJCT? UQIGP 0KUEJCP +HVKMJCT1TFGP  /QFGNN  #WUICDG OKV0COGPUEJKHHTG#EJOGF$G[=โ€ซ?ุจุงูŠุฃุญู…ุฏโ€ฌXQPล5KFKล‹#EJOGF ++$G[  ?&GMQTCVKQP-NCUUG -QOOCPFGWT HTCP\รŒUKUEJG#PHGTVKIWPI5KNDGTDTKNNCPVKGTV WPFVNYGOCKNNKGTVKO$CPFTKPI*GTUVGNNGTRWP\GFGT (KTOC#TVJWU$GTVTCPFKP2CTKU WPFHTCP\รŒUKUEJG )CTCPVKGRWP\GUGKVHร’TGT5KNDGT 'DGTMQRHRWP\G COCNVGPQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPF6#5HH 82'5H ++ 1TFGP FGU 4WJOGU =โ€ซ  ุงุงู„ูุชุฎุงุฑ ู†ูŠุดุงู†โ€ฌ0KUEJCP CN +HVKMJCT? UQIGP 0KUEJCP +HVKMJCT1TFGP  /QFGNN  #WUICDG OKV0COGPUEJKHHTG#EJOGF$G[=โ€ซ?ุจุงูŠุฃุญู…ุฏโ€ฌXQPล5KFKล‹#EJOGF ++$G[  ?&GMQTCVKQP-NCUUG 1HHK\KGT HTCP\รŒUKUEJG#PHGTVKIWPI5KNDGTDTKNNCPVKGTVWPF VNY GOCKNNKGTV KP FGT 6TCIGรŒUG HTCP\รŒUKUEJG )CTCPVKGRWP\G UGKV  Hร’T GT 5KNDGT

'DGTMQRHRWP\G  CO CNVGP QTKIKPCNGP $TWUVDCPF OKV CWHIGNGIVGT 4QUGVVG &C\W FKG /KPKCVWT5KNDGT VNYGOCKNNKGTVCO$ยทPFEJGP6#5HH82'5H 5Vร’EM++ 1TFGP FGU 4WJOGU =โ€ซ  ุงุงู„ูุชุฎุงุฑ ู†ูŠุดุงู†โ€ฌ0KUEJCP CN +HVKMJCT? UQIGP 0KUEJCP +HVKMJCT1TFGP  /QFGNN  #WUICDG OKV0COGPUEJKHHTG#EJOGF$G[=โ€ซ?ุจุงูŠุฃุญู…ุฏโ€ฌXQPล5KFKล‹#EJOGF ++$G[  ?&GMQTCVKQP-NCUUG 1HHK\KGT HTCP\รŒUKUEJG#PHGTVKIWPI5KNDGTDTKNNCPVKGTVWPF VNYGOCKNNKGTVCOCNVGPQTKIKPCNGP$TWUVDCPFOKVCWHIGNGIVGT4QUGVVG6#5HH82'5H ++ 1TFGP FGU 4WJOGU =โ€ซ  ุงุงู„ูุชุฎุงุฑ ู†ูŠุดุงู†โ€ฌ0KUEJCP CN +HVKMJCT? UQIGP 0KUEJCP +HVKMJCT1TFGP  /QFGNN   #WUICDG OKV0COGPUEJKHHTG/WJCOOCF#N#OKP$G[=โ€ซ?ุจุงูŠุงุฃู„ู…ูŠู†ู…ุญู…ุฏโ€ฌ XQP /QJCOOGF 8+++ CN #OKP $G[  ? &GMQTCVKQP  -NCUUG -QOOCPFGWT  HTCP\รŒUKUEJG #PHGTVKIWPI 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV WPF VNY GOCKNNKGTV CO CNVGP QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF 6# 5HH 82' 5H ++ +P(QNIGFGT'TMNยทTWPIFGT7PCDJยทPIKIMGKVXQP6WPKUCO/ยทT\GPFGVGCWEJFGTHTCP\รŒUKUEJG'KPHNWยญCWH FKG 8GTNGKJWPIURQNKVKM YQFWTEJ FGT 1TFGP YKGFGT GKP TGKP VWPGUKUEJGT YWTFG /KV FGT #DUGV\WPI FGU  WPF   NGV\VGP $G[U /WJCOOCF 8+++ CN #OKP CO  ,WNK  WPF FGT CO INGKEJGP 6CI GTHQNIVGP #WUTWHWPI FGT   6WPGUKUEJGP 4GRWDNKM FWTEJ FGP VWPGUKUEJGP 2TGOKGTOKPKUVGT WPF URยทVGTGP 2TยทUKFGPVGP *CDKD $QWTIWKDC      JรŒTVG FGT 1TFGP CWH \W DGUVGJGP +P IGYKUUGT 9GKUG NGDV FGT 0KUEJCP CN +HVKMJCT DKU KP FKG )GIGPYCTV KO   9KUCOCN+UVKSNCN=1TFGPFGT7PCDJยทPIKIMGKV?HQTVFGTPQEJXQP/QJCOOGF8+++CN#OKP$G[IGUVKHVGVKP UGKPGT ยทWยญGTGP )GUVCNVWPI UVCTM CP FGP 0KUEJCP CN +HVKMJCT GTKPPGTV 8IN CWEJ $TCUKGT . WPF $TWPGV .  .GU   QTFTGUVWPKUKGPU2CTKU*WIQP*GPTK.GUGODNยฝOGUFGU$G[UFG6WPKU2CTKU5/E0COCTC 4QDGTV66JG1TFGTQH0KEJCP+HVKMJCTQH6WPKU+P6JG/GFCN%QNNGEVQT  0T50T5 WPF  0T54WNNKGT%.G0KEJCP+HVKMJCTFG6WPKUKG+P5[ODQNGUGV6TCFKVKQPU0T   5WPF0T  56COOCPP#PFTGCU&KG6[RGPFGUVWPGUKUEJGP1TFGPU0KUEJCPGN+HVKMJCT +P$&15,CJTDWEJ5 

300



    



    





       


REPUBLIK (ÖSTLICH DES) URUGUAY

1105

4'27$.+- ¤56.+%*&'5 747)7#; 

1TFGPFGT4GRWDNKM¤UVNKEJFGU7TWIWC[=1TFGPFGNC4GRÐDNKEC1TKGPVCNFGN7TWIWC[?/QFGNN

 1TFGPUUGVDGUVGJGPFCWU-NGKPQF5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP5EJWNVGT DCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF VGKNYGKUG GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN OKV \YGK UGKVNKEJGP (KZKGT   JCMGP6#582'5 5VÒEM4++



&GT \WP·EJUV GKPMNCUUKIG 1TFGP YWTFG  IGUVKHVGV WPF  KP GKPGP HÒPHMNCUUKIGP \KXKNGP 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP WO   IGYCPFGNV 9GKVGTG +PHQTOCVKQPGP ÒDGT FGP 1TFGP FGT KP FKGUGT (QTO PWT EC CEJV ,CJTG NCPI XGTNKGJGP YQTFGP   KUVUKGJG(TGF#NVOCPP&GT1TFGPFGT4GRWDNKM¤UVNKEJFGU7TWIWC[+P1TFGPWPF'JTGP\GKEJGP,CJTICPI *GHV#RTKN5

1107 1106



/KNKV·TKUEJGT1TFGPHÒT#GTQPCWVKUEJG8GTFKGPUVG=1TFGP/KNKVCTCN/GTKVQ#GTQPCWVKEQ?-QOOCP FGWTMTGW\$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGP*CNUDCPFKOQTKIKPCNGPIQNFHCTDGPDGFTWEM VGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWKFGT(KTOC05/G[GTKP0GY;QTM82'5 ++



&GT FTGKMNCUUKIG )TQ­MTGW\ -QOOCPFGWT WPF 4KVVGT  CNU /GFCKNNG  DG\GKEJPGVG /KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVQTFGP YWTFG   UR·VGTKP/KNKV·TKUEJGT1TFGPHÒT#GTQPCWVKUEJG8GTFKGPUVGWODGPCPPV

$1.+8#4+5%*'4'27$.+-8'0'<7'.# 

1TFGP FGU $GHTGKGTU =1TFGP FGN .KDGTVCFQT? CWEJ 1TFGP FGT $ÒUVG $QNKXCTU IGPCPPV  )TQ­   QHHK\KGTUUGVDGUVGJGPFCWU)TQ­QHHK\KGTUMTGW\LÒPIGTG#PHGTVKIWPI5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­QHHK\KGT ·NVGTG #PHGTVKIWPI 5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTV WPF   TGRGTEKGTVVNYXGTIQNFGVVNYGOCKNNKGTVCP0CFGNFKGUGKPPGPOKVGT5KNDGTRWP\GKOYQJNPKEJV MQTTGMVGPGVYCUDGUEJ·FKIVGP'VWKFGT(KTOC#TVJWU$GTVTCPFKP2CTKU$75HH6#5H82' 5 5VÒEM++ +PFGTHQNIGPFGP-CVCNQIRQUKVKQPYKTFFKGOWVOC­NKEJFC\WIGJÌTKIG8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGCPIGDQVGP







&GT CO  #RTKN  KP HÒPH -NCUUGP IGITÒPFGVG 1TFGP IGJV CWH FKG #WU\GKEJPWPIU/GFCKNNG /GFCNNC FG   &KUVKPEKÉP  XQP  \WTÒEM &KGUG WTURTÒPINKEJ QXCNG IQNFGPG QFGT UKNDGTPG /GFCKNNG OW­ UEJQP XQT  FKG   (QTO FGU 1TFGPU\GKEJGPU FGUUR·VGTGP1TFGPUFGU$GHTGKGTUCPIGPQOOGPJCDGPYWTFGCDGTCPGKPGOJGNNDNCWGP $CPFCO*CNUIGVTCIGPWPFJCVVGPCEJ*5EJWN\GUEJQPOGJTCNUGKPG-NCUUG&GT1TFGPJKG­QHHK\KGNNXQP  %QPFGEQTCEKÉP FGN $WUVQ FGN .KDGTVCFQT 8IN CWEJ  2NCPCU 5WCTG\ 5 *KUVQTKC FG NC 1TFGP FGN   .KDGTVCFQT%CTCECU6GPTGKTQ6QOCU2%QPFGEQTCEKQPGU0CEKQPCNGU%CTCECU7TFCPGVC$TCUEJK '\GSWKGN $QNKXCT GP NCPWOKUOCVKECEQPOGOQTCVKXC[GPNCUEQPFGEQTCEKQPGU%CTCECU5)4+6<5 HH 

301


BOLIVARISCHE REPUBLIK VENEZUELA

1109

1108



1TFGPFGU$GHTGKGTU=1TFGPFGN.KDGTVCFQT? CWEJ1TFGPFGT$ÒUVG$QNKXCTUIGPCPPV 1TKIKPCNG 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG\WO)TQ­QHHK\KGTHÒTFGPHTCP\ÌUKUEJGP#TOGGIGPGTCN2KGTTG-QGPKIFCVKGTV%CTC ECU CO  #WIWUV  OKV 2T·IGUKGIGN WPF 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHVGP XQP 2T·UKFGPV 4CÐN .GQPK 1VGTQ  

 WPFFGU#W­GPOKPKUVGTU)GTQNNVKP&QMWOGPVGPTQNNG 4++



&KG OWVOC­NKEJ FC\WIGJÌTKIG &GMQTCVKQP YKTF KP FGT XQTJGTIGJGPFGP -CVCNQI  2QUKVKQPCPIGDQVGP  



302

/CTKG  2KGTTG-ĚPKI  UEJNQ­UKEJPCEJFGTHTCP\ÌUKUEJGP-CRKVWNC VKQPFGP5VTGKVMT·HVGPFGUHTGKGP(TCPMTGKEJWPVGT)GPGTCN%JCTNGUFG)CWNNG

 CPWPFPCJOCPFGT$GHTGKWPIFGU.CPFGUVGKN9·JTGPFFGT$GUCV \WPIU\GKV YCT GT XQP  DKU  KP\YKUEJGP \WO )GPGTCN DGHÌTFGTV 1DGT   DGHGJNUJCDGT FGT HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP $GUCV\WPIUVTWRRGP WPF /KNKV·TIQWXGTPGWT KP FGT   HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP $GUCV\WPIU\QPG +O #WIWUV  UEJWH GT FCU PGWG .CPF 4JGKP   NCPF2HCN\OKV/CKP\CNU.CPFGUJCWRVUVCFVYWTFGGT)GPGTCNKPURGMVGWTFGT HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP6TWRRGPKP0QTFCHTKMCWPF8K\GRT·UKFGPVFGU1DGTUVGP/KNK V·TTCVU 8QP  DKU  YCT -QGPKI 8GTVGKFKIWPIUOKPKUVGT  KUV GT XQP   2T·UKFGPV(TCP¼QKU/KVVGTCPF  RQUVWO\WO/CTUEJCNNXQP(TCPMTGKEJ GTPCPPVYQTFGP YKMKRGFKC 

1TFGP XQP (TCPEKUEQ FG /KTCPFC =1TFGP (TCPEKUEQ FG /KTCPFC? )TQ­MTGW\UGV DGUVGJGPF CWU   -NGKPQF $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF VNY GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP 5EJWNVGTDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP $TQP\G   XGTIQNFGV VNY XGTUKNDGTV WPF VNYGOCKNNKGTVCP0CFGN\WUCOOGPOKV-PQRHNQEJTQUGVVGKOQTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWKFGT,Q[GTKCU7PKFCU5#$756#582'5 5VÒEM++




USA

1110 1111





'JTGP\GKEJGP XQP )GPGTCN ,QU¾ # 2CG\ =%QPFGEQTCEKÉP )GPGTCN ,QU¾ # 2CG\? -TGW\  -NCUUG   $TQP\G CO $CPF \WUCOOGP OKV /KPKCVWT $TQP\G CO $·PFEJGP WPF +PVGTKOURCPIG KO QTKIKPCNGP   IQNFHCTDGPDGFTWEMVGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWKFGT(KTOC05/G[GTKP0GY;QTM82'5 5VÒEM++



8GTFKGPUVMTGW\FGT0CVKQPCNICTFG$GYCHHPGVGP-T·HVGFGT<WUCOOGPCTDGKV=%TW\FGNCU(WGT\CU #TOCFCUFG%QQRGTCEKÉP?-TGW\-NCUUG=6GTEGTC%NCUG?$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCO$CPF \WUCOOGP OKV /KPKCVWT XGTIQNFGV CO $·PFEJGP WPF +PVGTKOURCPIG KO QTKIKPCNGP IQNFHCTDGP   DGFTWEMVGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWKXQP4WUUGNN7PKHQTO%QKP0GY;QTM 5VÒEM++



1112

1113

8'4'+0+)6'56##6'0810#/'4+-# 75#  

8GTFKGPUV.GIKQP =.GIKQP QH /GTKV? $TWUVUVGTP =%JKGH %QOOCPFGT? XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CP   0CFGNKODGFTWEMVGP'VWK ++



7PXGTNKGJGPGU 'ZGORNCT  &GT $TWUVUVGTP YKTF CNNGKPG QJPG YGKVGTG +PUKIPKGP YKT *CNU QFGT $TWUVFGMQTCVKQPGP   XGTNKGJGPWPFIGVTCIGP  

&GTXKGTMNCUUKIG %JKGH%QOOCPFGT%QOOCPFGT1HHKEGTWPF.GIKQPPCKTG /KNKV·TXGTFKGPUVQTFGPYWTFGXQP2T·UK FGPV (TCPMNKP & 4QQUGXGNV   CO  ,WNK  IGUVKHVGV &KG %JKGH %QOOCPFGT-NCUUG KUV CWUN·PFK   UEJGP5VCCVUQDGTJ·WRVGTPXQTDGJCNVGPFKG-QOOCPFGWTMNCUUGJÌEJUVGPCWUN·PFKUEJGP/KNKV·TMQOOCPFCPVGPWPFFKG 1HHK\KGTUMNCUUG CWUN·PFKUEJGP )GPGT·NGP WPF /KNKV·TCVVCEJ¾U CNNGKP FKG XKGTVG -NCUUG MCPP IGPGTGNN CP 1HHK\KGTG  COGTKMCPKUEJG WPF CWUN·PFKUEJG XGTNKGJGP YGTFGP 8GTNKGJGPG +PUKIPKGP JCDGP ITWPFU·V\NKEJ GKPG )TCXWT CWH FGT   4ÒEMUGKVG

+0-14214+'46'56'44+614+7/81027'4614+%1 

/KNKV·TKUEJGT1TFGPXQP,WCP2QPEGFG.GQP=/KNKVCT[1TFGTQH,WCP2QPEGFG.GQP?$TWUVUVGTP #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC %GLCNXQ KP /CFTKF 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV OKP 'OCKNNGEJKR KO   /GFCKNNQPTKPICP0CFGNOKV\YGKUGKVNKEJGP(KZKGTJCMGP 44++



'U JCPFGNV UKEJ JKGTDGK WO GKPGOWVOC­NKEJGKPMNCUUKIG $TWUVUVGTP OKNKV·TKUEJG#WU\GKEJPWPIHÒTFKG5VCCVUICTFG =2WGTVQ4KEQ5VCVG)WCTF?FGUCOGTKMCPKUEJGP6GTTKVQTKWOU2WGTVQ4KEQKPFGT-CTKDKM

303


ZENTRALAFRIKA

1116 1114

ex 1115

#00#/8+'60#/ '456'  70&<9'+6'  4'27$.+- 5ª& 8+'60#/ 

0CVKQPCN1TFGP =$ảQ3Wố *W³P%JưQPI? -QOOCPFGWTFGMQTCVKQP XKGVPCOGUKUEJG #PHGTVKIWPI $TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCO*CNUDCPFCDUEJPKVV82'5 ++





&GT HÒPHMNCUUKIG CNNIGOGKPG 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP YWTFG CO  #WIWUVIGUVKHVGV0CEJFGT8GTGKPKIWPI5ÒF8KGV PCOUOKVFGT5Q\KCNKUVKUEJGP4GRWDNKM8KGVPCOCO,WNKJÌTVGCWEJFGT1TFGPHCMVKUEJCWH\WDGUVGJGP



-QPXQNWVXQPECXKGTOKNKV·TKUEJGP#WU\GKEJPWPIGPFGT4GRWDNKM 5ÒF 8KGVPCO &TGKXKGVPCOG UKUEJG WPF GKP PKEJV XKGVPCOGUKUEJG #PHGTVKIWPI VGKNU XGTUKNDGTV VGKNU XGTIQNFGV LGYGKNU VNY NCEMKGTV   QFGT GOCKNNKGTV CP MQTTGMVGP $TWUVD·PFGTP FCXQP \YGK OKV NCPIGP (TCPUGP KP QTFGPVNKEJGP 'TJCN   VWPIGP 5VÒEM++



<'064#.#(4+-# <'064#.#(4+-#0+5%*'4'27$.+- 70&5'+6  

<GPVTCNCHTKMCPKUEJGT8GTFKGPUVQTFGP=1TFTGFW/¾TKVG%GPVTGCHTKECKP?-QOOCPFGWTMTGW\$TQP\G XGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVKO$CPFTKPIPKEJVKFGPVKHK\KGTDCTGHTCP\ÌUKUEJG*GTUVGNNGTRWP\GCOQTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF \WUCOOGP OKV -PQRHNQEJTQUGVVG WPF +PVGTKOUEJPCNNG KO 1TKIKPCNGVWK FGT (KTOC #TVJWU   $GTVTCPFKP2CTKU$754(56#582'5 ++ 'Z#WMVKQP$QKUIKTCTF#UUQEK¾UKP2CTKUXQO,WPK-CV0T/WVOC­NKEJXGTNKGJGPCP)GQTIGU)QTUG

  FGT  DKU  KP OGJTGTGP HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP 4GIKGTWPIGP 7PVGT5VCCVUUGMTGV·T YCT  5VCCVU   UGMTGV·TWPFXQPDKU/KPKUVGTKPOGJTGTGP-CDKPGVVGPWPF4GUUQTVUXQPDKU$QVUEJCHVGT KP#NIGTKGPWPFUEJNKG­NKEJXQP UKE DKU$ÒTIGTOGKUVGTFGT5VCFV$QWNQIPG$KNNCPEQWTVKPFGT0·JGXQP 2CTKU YKMKRGFKCHT  

&GTHÒPHMNCUUKIG )TQ­MTGW\)TQ­QHHK\KGT-QOOCPFGWT1HHK\KGTWPF4KVVGT CNNIGOGKPG8GTFKGPUVQTFGPYWTFGCO ,WPKIGUVKHVGV9·JTGPFFGTFTGK,CJTGFGU<GPVTCNCHTKMCPKUEJGP-CKUGTTGKEJUUKPFFKG+PUKIPKGPPKEJVXGT ·PFGTVYQTFGP

304




ZENTRALAFRIKA

1117

1119 (1:1)

1118



.CPFYKTVUEJCHVU8GTFKGPUVQTFGP =1TFTG FW /¾TKVG #ITKEQNG?  /QFGNN !  OKV 4GXGTUKPUEJTKHV   4'27$.+37'%'064#(4+%#+0'WPFUGKV 1HHK\KGTUFGMQTCVKQP$TQP\GXGTIQN FGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCO$TWUVDCPFOKVCWHIGNGIVGT4QUGVVG\WUCOOGPOKV/KPKCVWT5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPF GOCKNNKGTVCO$·PFEJGPOKVCWHIGNGIVGT4QUGVVGWPF-PQRHNQEJTQUGVVGKOYQJNPKEJVQTKIKPCNGP.GFGT GVWKFGT(KTOC(KDQKP$QIQVC$754(5 ++



&GT FTGKMNCUUKIG -QOOCPFGWT 1HHK\KGT WPF 4KVVGT  1TFGP YWTFG CO  #WIWUVIGUVKHVGV1DFKG+PUKIPKGP Y·JTGPF FGU EC FTGK ,CJTG FCWGTPFGP <GPVTCNCHTKMCPKUEJGP -CKUGTTGKEJU XGT·PFGTV YWTFG MQPPVG DKUJGT PKEJV   HGUVIGUVGNNVYGTFGP



2QUV8GTFKGPUVQTFGP =1TFTG FW /¾TKVG 2QUVCN?  /QFGNN !  OKV 4GXGTUKPUEJTKHV 4'27$.+37'   %'064#(4+%#+0'   WPF UGKV   4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV   CO$CPF$75H4(582'5 4++



&GTFTGKMNCUUKIG -QOOCPFGWT1HHK\KGTWPF4KVVGT 1TFGPYWTFGCO0QXGODGTIGUVKHVGV1DFKG+PUKIPKGP Y·JTGPF FGU EC FTGK ,CJTG FCWGTPFGP <GPVTCNCHTKMCPKUEJGP -CKUGTTGKEJU XGT·PFGTV YWTFG MQPPVG DKUJGT PKEJV   HGUVIGUVGNNVYGTFGP

<'064#.#(4+-#0+5%*'5-#+5'44'+%*   

1TFGP FGT 1RGTCVKQP $QMCUUC =1TFTG FG N 1R¾TCVKQP $QMCUUC?  /QFGNN OKV +PUEJTKHV '/2+4'   %'064#(4+%#+0    )TQ­MTGW\UGV DGUVGJGPF CWU -NGKPQF 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF   GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGO $CPFTKPI 5KNDGT WPF *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G FGT (KTOC #TVJWU$GTVTCPF KP 2CTKU CO   QTKIKPCNGP 5EJWNVGTDCPF WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT VNY XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN FKGUG OKV   5KNDGT WPF *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G FGT (KTOC #TVJWU$GTVTCPF OKV \YGK UGKVNKEJGP (KZKGTJCMGP 4( 5H   82'5 5VÃ&#x2019;EM44++  &GTHÃ&#x2019;PHMNCUUKIG )TQ­MTGW\)TQ­QHHK\KGT-QOOCPFGWT1HHK\KGTWPF4KVVGT CNNIGOGKPG8GTFKGPUVQTFGPYWTFGCO  0QXGODGT  XQP 2T·UKFGPV ,GCP$¾FGN $QMCUUC   IGUVKHVGV YQDGK FCU #XGTUOGFCKNNQP FGT   +PUKIPKGP FKG 9QTVG ,'#0$'&'. $1-#55#  4'27$.+37' %'064#(4+%#+0' \GKIVGP  /QFGNN    0CEJFGOGTUKEJCO&G\GODGT\WO-CKUGT$QMCUUC+RTQMNCOKGTVJCVVGGTJKGNVGPFKG#XGTUOGFCKNNQPUGKPG PGWG 7OUEJTKHV 5/+ $1-#55# GT  '/2+4' %'064#(4+%#+0 0CEJ UGKPGO 5VWT\ CO  5GRVGODGT   YWTFGFGT1TFGPCWHIGJQDGP

305


DIE IN DIESEM KATALOG ANGEBOTENEN OBJEKTE UNTERLIEGEN DER DIFFERENZBESTEUERUNG MIT AUSNAHME DER NACHFOLGEND AUFGEFÜHRTEN LOSNUMMERN, DIE DER VOLLBESTEUERUNG UNTERLIEGEN:                                                     

306

                                                    

                                                    

                                                  


LITERATURVERZEICHNIS #%' #& #'4 #)1 #. #09 #4 6 #7# $# $# $# $#5 $$ $$ $$ $% $% $%- $& $& $') $) $+ $- $.6 $/ $0 $4. $5' $6 $7 $81 $9- $9- $;/ $;8 %# %) %#/ %$ %'/%'/ %*& %.

$GP#EJQWT/QJCOGF'N#\K\.GU&¾EQTCVKQPUVWPKUKGPPGU¯N ¾RQSWGJWUGKPKVG6WPKU 6COOCPP)WUVCX#PFTGCUWPF*QOOGN'PIGNDGTV *I &KG1TFGPWPF'JTGP\GKEJGP-QPTCF#FGPCWGTU6JG 1TFGTUCPF&GEQTCVKQPUCYCTFGFVQ-QPTCF#FGPCWGT$CF*QPPGH4JÌPFQTH #WVGPITWDGT/KEJCGN1TFTGUGVF¾EQTCVKQPUFGNC4QWOCPKG2CTKU #PIQNKC,QJP4(QT(ÒJTGTCPF(CVJGTNCPF/KNKVCT[#YCTFUQHVJG6JKTF4GKEJ5CP,QU¾#WUICDG .COG#TVCP/GFCNLGV5JSKRVCTG8ÀNNKOK+6JG#NDCPKCP/GFCNU8QNWOG+6KTCPC  #PFQNGPMQ5GTIGWPF9GTNKEJ4QDGTV$CFIGUQH+ORGTKCN4WUUKC9CUJKPIVQP #TGGP'TPUV'&G0QTFKUMC.·PFGTPCU1HHKEKGNNC$GNÌPWPIUOGFCNLGT5VQEMJQNO )KNN&GPPKU6JG%QKPCIGQH'VJKQRKC'TKVTGCCPF+VCNKCP5QOCNKC)CTFGP%KV[ 0;  5VGKFN2QTGPVC%JTKUVQRJ#WUGTY·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ÌPKITGKEJU 5CEJUGP  /CPWUMTKRV )GTV1UYCNF%QVVDWU $TCUKGT.WPF$TWPGV..GU1TFTGU%QNQPKCWZ(TCP¼CKU2CTKU#WHNCIG $TCODKNNC#NGUUCPFTQ.G/GFCINKG+VCNKCPGPGINKWNVKOKCPPK2CTVG2TKOC=&KGKVCNKGPKUEJGP/GFCKNNGPFGT NGV\VGP,CJTG'TUVGT6GKN? .G/GFCINKG+VCNKCPG /CKNCPF $TCODKNNC #NGUUCPFTQ .G /GFCINKG +VCNKCPG PGINK WNVKOK  CPPK  2CTVG ++ =&KG KVCNKGPKUEJGP /GFCKNNGP FGT NGV\VGP,CJTG6GKN++?.G/GFCINKG+VCNKCPG/CKNCPF $CUECR¾ )KCEQOQ % . 1TFKPG FK /CNVC G INK 1TFKPK 'SWGUVTK FGNNC %JKGUC PGNNC 5VQTKC G PGN &KTKVVQ /CKNCPF  $CUECR¾)KCEQOQ%)NK1TFKPK%CXCNNGTGUEJKKP+VCNKC5VQTKCG&KTKVVQ/CKNCPF &KMQYKVUEJ *GTOCPP 5VCPINGT )QVVHTKGF WPF 5VQN\GT ,QJCPP 5EJTKHVNGKVWPI  -CVCNQIG FGU 0KGFGTÌUVGTTGKEJK UEJGP.CPFGUOWUGWOU0GWG(QNIG0T$CTQEM$NÒVG\GKVFGT'WTQR·KUEJGP4KVVGTQTFGP5V2ÌNVGP $QWTFKGT%.GU1TFGTU(TCP¼CKUGVNGU4¾EQORGPUGU0CVKQPCNGU2CTKU#WHNCIG $GNFGEQU )GQTIG ,QJP 6CIOCVC #TKUVCKCU -CK 5VTCVKQVKMC /GVCNNKC VGU *GNNCFQU  *GNNGPKE 1TFGTU &GEQTCVKQPU CPF/GFCNU#VJGP $GIGPV2GVGT,WPF%JGUUJ[TG*WDGTV6JG/QUV0QDNG1TFGTQHVJG)CTVGT[GCTU.QPFQP $KIQU\GYUMC9CPFC&¾EQTCVKQPUGV1TFTGU2QNQPCKU9CTUEJCW $KGFGPHGNF(GTFKPCPF(TGKJGTTXQP)GUEJKEJVGWPF8GTHCUUWPICNNGTIGKUVNKEJGPWPFYGNVNKEJGPGTNQUEJGPGPWPF DNÒJGPFGP4KVVGTQTFGP<YGKVGT$CPF$NÒJGPFG1TFGP9GKOCT $TGV\GPFQTHGT 7YG WPF -WJP 6JQOCU $WNICTKGP  5V #NGZCPFGT 1TFGP XQP  DKU   2TGKUMCVCNQI  $CPF.WFYKIUDWTIWPF-QPUVCP\ $NCUU'TPUV-NGKPG4GKJGHÒT(TGWPFGFGT1TFGPUWPF'JTGP\GKEJGP-WPFG$CPF&KG1TFGPWPF'JTGP\GK EJGPXQP6JCKNCPF*CODWTIQJPG,CJT $GTIJOCP#TXKF0QTFKUMC1TFPCTQEJ&GMQTCVKQPGT/CNOÌ $QTP¾#PFT¾%JCTNGU&KUVKPEVKQPU*QPQTKHKSWGUFGNC$GNIKSWG$TÒUUGN (TCUEJMC)ÒPVGTOKV5EJYGTVGTPWPF$TKNNCPVGP4CUVCVV .GG'WPF'NNKQVV,4QDGTV#OGTKECP5QEKGV[/GFCNU#P+FGPVKHKECVKQP)WKFG5CPVC/QPKEC $CVVWUJKI#/QPIQNKCP1TFGTU/GFCNU$CFIGU7NCCPDCCVCT 5VCKT5CKPV[)W[WPF*G[FGN/CPMQQ4CHCN *I $WTMG U9QTNF1TFGTUQH-PKIJVJQQF/GTKV9KNOKPIVQP

&GNCYCTG75#  )GKIGT4QNH.KPFPGT,ÒTIGPWPF9ÌTPGT(TCPM1TFGPWPF'JTGP\GKEJGP*GHV,CJTG8GTFKGPUVQTFGPFGT $WPFGUTGRWDNKM&GWVUEJNCPF*QH5CCNG $CTCE$QTPC4GHGTGPEG%CVCNQIWG1TFGTU/GFCNUCPF&GEQTCVKQPUQHVJG9QTNFKPUVKVWVGUWPVKN2CTV+ +TQP$QQM#&<CITGD $CTCE$QTPC4GHGTGPEG%CVCNQIWG1TFGTU/GFCNUCPF&GEQTCVKQPUQHVJG9QTNFKPUVKVWVGUWPVKN2CTV++ $TQP\G$QQM&)<CITGD #WVGPITWDGT/KEJCGNWPF(GFGT-NCWU*$C[GTPWPF/CNVC&CU)TQ­RTKQTCV$C[GTPFGT$C[GTKUEJGP<WPIG FGU5QWXGT·PGP/CNVGUGT4KVVGTQTFGPUWPFUGKPG+PUKIPKGP  $TCPPGPDWTIWPF-QPUVCP\ $[TPG&CPKGN%QNNGEVQT U*CPFDQQMQH/KNKVCT[1TFGTUCPF/GFCNUQHVJG4GRWDNKEQH8KGVPCO6WNUC %CNKCPW'WIGP&GEQTCVKKNGTQOCPGUVKFGUNC%W\C8QFCNC4GIGNG/KJCK+$WMCTGUV %JGHFGDKGP#PPGFG.GU%CJKGTUFW/WU¾G=/WUGWOUJGHVG?*GHV. —I[RVGGVNGU&¾EQTCVKQPU2CTKU %CT2CXGNWPF/WJKã6QOKUNCX5GTDKUEJGWPFLWIQUNCYKUEJG1TFGPWPF'JTGP\GKEJGPXQPDKU9KGP  %GDCNNQU'UECNGTC[)KNC#NHQPUQFGWPF)CTEÃC/GTECFCN[)CTEÃC.Q[IQTTK(GTCPFQ.CU¡TFGPGU[%QPFG EQTCEKQPGUEKXKNGUFGN4GKPQFG'URCPC/CFTKF )WKIWGFG%JCORXCPUFG(CT¾OQPV(T¾F¾TKE/CTSWKU*KUVQKTGGV.¾IKUNCVKQPFGU1TFTGUFG%JGXCNGTKGFW5CKPV 5K½IG2CTKUWPF )WKIWGFG%JCORXCPUFG(CT¾OQPV(TKGFTKEJ/CTSWKU)GUEJKEJVGWPF)GUGV\IGDWPIFGT4KVVGTQTFGP'JTGP\GK EJGPWPF/GFCKNNGPFGU*GKNKIGP5VWJNU2CTKU %QNNKIPQP,GCP2KGTTG1TFTGFG%JGXCNGTKG&¾EQTCVKQPUGVO¾FCKNNGUFG(TCPEG FGUQTKIKPGU¯NCHKPFW5GEQPF 'ORKTG .C/QVJG#TEJCTF

307


%/ %/- %0 %6 &#5 &% &% &' &( &(# &+# &, &. &/ &¤ &2 &7 '( '(9 '. '/' '4 '9+ (, (- (- (/ (10 (49 )$ )%1 )' )'+ )- )/ )2 )22 )4 )8' *' *( *(# *-- *.. *¤ *2

308

%CTVQPG/CUUKOQ1TFKPK%CXCNNGTGUEJKFGN4GIPQF +VCNKC/CKNCPF %CT2CXGNWPF/WJKã6QOKUNCX2TGKUMCVCNQIHÒT5GTDKUEJGWPF,WIQUNCYKUEJG1TFGP/GFCKNNGWPF#D\GKEJGP   &GEQTCVKQPU CPF $CFIGU QH 5GTDKC CPF ;WIQUNCXKC   2TKEG )WKFG   -CVCNQI QFNK MQXCPLCK\PCMQXNLC5TDKLGK,WIQUNCXKLG.LWDNLCPCWPF<CITGD %QTPGV4GP¾.GU1TFTGU0CVKQPCWZ$GNIGU$TÒUUGN %CVQPG5VGHCP5GTDCPGUEW0GEWNCGWPF$GFKXCP&WOKVTCUEW4QOCPKC&GEQTCVKK$WMCTGUV /E&CPKGN2CWNWPF5EJOKVV2CWN,6JG%QORTGJGPUKXG)WKFGVQ5QXKGV1TFGTUCPF/GFCNU#TNKPIVQP &WEQWTVKCN%NCWFG. 1TFTG0CVKQPCNFG/¾TKVG2CTKUWPF2CPC\QN 4KDCWNV.QKENG%COKPCFG$GTPCTFWPF.CEQODG'TKE+FGPVKHKECVKQPGV%QVG&¾EQTCVKQPU$KCTTKV\#WHNCIG  &GPMQY8GUGNKP$WNICTKUMK1TFGPKK/GFCNK-CVCNQI5QHKC #FOKPKUVTCVKQPFGU/QPPCKGUGV/¾FCKNNGU&¾EQTCVKQPUQHHKEKGNNGUHTCP¼CKUGU2CTKU #FOKPKUVTCVKQPFGU/QPPCKGUGV/¾FCKNNGU&¾EQTCVKQPUQHHKEKGNNGUHTCP¼CKUGU#FFKVKH2CTKU &KCMQX /KMJCKN ' /GFCNU QH VJG 4WUUKCP 'ORKTG 1JPG 1TVUCPICDG XGTÌHHGPVNKEJV KP CEJV $·PFGP  DKU  &GEQTCVKQP$WTGCW2TKOG/KPKUVGT U1HHKEG&GQTCVKQPUQH,CRCP6QMKQ &GNCPFG/.GU1TFTGU(TCP¼CKU.GU1TFTGU%QNQPKCWZ/¾FCKNNGU%QOO¾OQTCVKXGU/¾FCKNNGUFʼn*QPPGWT FGU/KPKUV½TGU.GU%TQKZGV/¾FCKNNGUFGNC)WGTTGFGU2C[U#NNK¾U2CTKU &COKGP#PFT¾.GU1TFTGUFG%JGXCNGTKGGVNGU&¾EQTCVKQPU8GTUCKNNGU &QGJNG*GKPTKEJ&KG#WU\GKEJPWPIGPFGU)TQ­FGWVUEJGP4GKEJGU1TFGP'JTGP\GKEJGP#D\GKEJGP0CEJFTWEM 0QTFGTUVGFVFGT#WHNCIG$GTNKP 8CP &WTGP 2GVGT $CPFGT 1TFGTU QH -PKIJVJQQF CPF QH /GTKV  6JG 2QPVKHKECN 4GNKIKQWU CPF 5GEWNCTKUGF %C VJQNKEHQWPFGF1TFGTUCPFVJGKTTGNCVKQPUJKRVQVJG#RQUVQNKE5GG)GTTCTFU%TQUU &WEOCPG-TKUVKPG#RDCNXQLWOK.CVXKLCU4GRWDNKMC4KIC 'HNGT)GTV&GWVUEJG(GWGTYGJT#WU\GKEJPWPIGP5EJYCNOUVCFV 'HNGT)GTV&KG1TFGPWPF'JTGP\GKEJGPFGU(ÒTUVGPVWOU9CNFGEMWPF2[TOQPV5EJYCNOUVCFV 'NFGO'FJGO2TKFGCPF2TKXKNGIG#*KUVQT[QH1VVQOCP1TFGTU/GFCNUCPF&GEQTCVKQPU+UVCPDWN 'OGTKPI'FYCTF,1TFGTU&GEQTCVKQPUCPF$CFIGUQHVJG5QEKCNKUV4GRWDNKEQH8KGVPCOCPFVJG0CVKQPCN(TQPV HQTVJG.KDGTCVKQPQH5QWVJ8KGVPCO#2JQVQITCRJKE4GHGTGPEG#VINGP 'TÒTGVGP/GVKP1UOCPNK/CFCN[CNCTKXG0KUCPNCTK$GNIGTNG6CTKJK1VVQOCP/GFCNUCPF1TFGTU&QEWOGPVGF *KUVQT[+UVCPDWN /GFECNH)QTFQP*CYCKKCP4Q[CN1TFGTU+PUKIPKC%NCUUGU4GIWNCVKQPUCPF/GODGTU*QPQNWNW (WTNCP/CTLCPWPF$LGNQU*;WIQUNCXKC#TO[+PUKIPKCCPF&GEQTCVKQPU6QTQPVQ *CPMKOQ1NCXK$GTITQVJ6QO%WPFCPFGTG8CRCWFGPTKUVKP4KVCTKMWPVC2QTXQQ $KEJNOCKGT.QVJCTWPF*CTVWPI.QVJCT&GWVUEJG(TGKMQTRU5RG\KCNMCVCNQIOKV€$GYGTVWPIGP6ÌIKPICO+PP #WHNCIG (QTOCP#FTKCP(QTOCP U)WKFGVQ6JKTF4GKEJ)GTOCP#YCTFU#PFVJGKT8CNWGU TFGFVKQP $TCWPVQP WPF5CP,QU¾#WHNCIG (QPUGEC#NXCTQ#WIWUVQFCWPF/CEGFQG%JCXGU,QCQ1TFGPU*QPQTÃHKECU2QTVWIWGUCU.GIKUNCECQ#EVWCNK\ CFCG%QQTFGPCFC.KUUCDQPQJPG,CJTGUCPICDG (TKVUEJG.WV\&KG1TFGPWPF'JTGP\GKEJGPFGU)TQ­JGT\QIVWOU5CEJUGP9GKOCT'KUGPCEJ+NOGPCW  )GDCWGT9QNHTCO&TGUFPGT2TGKUUVWFKGP*GHV&KG1TFGPWPF'JTGP\GKEJGPXQP5CEJUGPGKPUEJNKG­NKEJFGT U·EJUKUEJGP8GTFKGPUV2T·OKGP2TGKUWPF#WU\GKEJPWPIUOGFCKNNGP&TGUFGP#WHNCIG =CPQP?)TCPFU%QNNKGTU. QTH½XTGTKGCWUGTXKEGF WPKF¾CN2CTKU )WKNNG.(1TFGTU&GEQTCVKQPUCPF/GFCNU4GUGCTEJ5QEKGV[QH)TGCV$TKVCKP2WDNKECVKQP0Q6JG&GEQTCVK QPUCPF/GFCNUQHVJG%GPVTCN#OGTKECP%QWVTKGU#TFGNG[5VGXGPCIG )GK­NGT*CTCNF&CU'KUGTPG-TGW\XQPUGKPGO7TURTWPIDKU\WT)GIGPYCTV<YGKDTÒEMGP -NGPCW #TPJCTF )TCH 1TFGP KP &GWVUEJNCPF WPF ¤UVGTTGKEJ =0QTOCNCWUICDG?  $CPF  1TFGP KP &GWVUEJNCPF WPF¤UVGTTGKEJ 0QTOCNCWUICDG $CPF&GWVUEJG5VCCVGPDKU6GKN #PJCNVKUEJG5VCCVGP$CFGP $C[GTP$TCWPUEJYGKI*CPPQXGT)TQ­JGT\QIVWO(TCPMHWTV 1HHGPDCEJ )WKTCWF&CTOCKU,CESWGU1TFTGUGV&¾EQTCVKQPU/QP¾ICUSWGU/QPCEQGTYGKVGTVG#WHNCIG )CNNQYC[2GVGT6JG/QUV+NNWUVTKQWU1TFGT6JG1TFGTQH5CKPV2CVTKEMCPFKVU-PKIJVU.QPFQP )GRRGTV'TPUV)ÒPVJGT&KG/KVINKGFGT#D\GKEJGPFGT(TGKOCWTGT.QIGPKP&GWVUEJNCPF1JPG1TV #WHNCIG )TKV\PGT/CZKOKNKCP*CPFDWEJFGT4KVVGTWPF8GTFKGPUVQTFGPCNNGT-WNVWTUVCCVGPFGT9GNVKPPGTJCNDFGU:+: ,CJTJWPFGTVU.GKR\KI )TQXG(TCPM)/GFCNUQH/GZKEQ8QNWOG+++=/GFCKNNGPXQP/GZKMQ$CPF+++?1TFGTU#YCTFUCPF/KNKVCT[ &GEQTCVKQPU)WCFCNCLCTC *ÒUMGP#PFT¾-CVCNQIFGT#D\GKEJGPFGWVUEJGT1TICPKUCVKQPGPGKPUEJNKG­NKEJCWUNCPFUFGWVUEJGTWPF CWUN·PFKUEJGT1TICPKUCVKQPGP*CODWTI *GTHWTVJ &KGVTKEJ 5QYLGVKUEJG #WU\GKEJPWPIGP   #WU\GKEJPWPIGP FGT /QPIQNKUEJGP 8QNMUTGRWDNKM 'KP-CVCNQI(ÒPHVG#WUICDG5QXKGV#YCTFU#YCTFUQHVJG/QPIQNKCP2GQRNG U4GRWDNKE$GTNKP #WHNCIG *G[FG(TKGFJGNO2TGW­GP5COONWPI/CZ#WTKEJ&CU'KUGTPG-TGW\1UPCDTÒEM *GTHWTVJ&KGVTKEJ-NCWUU,QEJGPWPF-NGG,ÒTIGP+O<GKEJGPFGU9GKUUGP(CNMGP5CEJUGP9GKOCT'KUGPCEJ KO.KEJVGUGKPGT1TFGPWPF'JTGP\GKEJGP9GKOCTWPF$GTNKP *GNNGT$QD1TFGTU&GEQTCVKQPU/GFCNUQHVJG4GRWDNKEQH 5QWVJ 8KGVPCO/KCOK *QGHVOCPP ( 9 &GT 2TGWUUKUEJG 1TFGPUJGTQNF $GTNKP  OKV FGP FTGK 0CEJVT·IGP XQP   WPF  *ÒUMGP #PFT¾ -CVCNQI FGT 1TFGP 'JTGP\GKEJGP WPF #WU\GKEJPWPIGP FGU -WTHÒTUVGPVWOU $TCPFGPDWTI FGT /CTMITCHUEJCHVGP $TCPFGPDWTI#PUDCEJ WPF $TCPFGPDWTI$C[TGWVJ FGU -ÌPKITGKEJU 2TGW­GP FGT 4GRWDNKM 2TGW­GPWPVGT$GTÒEMUKEJVKIWPIFGU&GWVUEJGP4GKEJGU$·PFG*CODWTI


*2

*2

*5

*55 *ª *;$ +4# ,% - -$ -$

-$ -&1 -(6 -*- -. -. -.&4 -.' -.1 -.8 -.94 -/6 -1. -1. -1. -6 -ª -8 -8' .#7

.+ .. .0- .¤ .1) /# /& /& /&

*ÒUMGP #PFT¾ -CVCNQI FGT 1TFGP 'JTGP\GKEJGP WPF #WU\GKEJPWPIGP FGU -WTHÒTUVGPVWOU $TCPFGPDWTI FGT /CTMITCHUEJCHVGP $TCPFGPDWTI#PUDCEJ WPF $TCPFGPDWTI$C[TGWVJ FGU -ÌPKITGKEJU 2TGW­GP FGT 4GRWDNKM 2TGW­GP WPVGT $GTÒEMUKEJVKIWPI FGU &GWVUEJGP 4GKEJGU  $CPF + -WTHÒTUVGPVWO $TCPFGPDWTI /CTMITCHUEJCHV $TCPFGPDWTI#PUDCEJ/CTMITCHUEJCHV$TCPFGPDWTI$C[TGWVJ1TFGPFGU-ÌPKITGKEJU2TGW­GP$TGOGP *ÒUMGP #PFT¾ -CVCNQI FGT 1TFGP 'JTGP\GKEJGP WPF #WU\GKEJPWPIGP FGU -WTHÒTUVGPVWOU $TCPFGPDWTI FGT /CTMITCHUEJCHVGP $TCPFGPDWTI#PUDCEJ WPF $TCPFGPDWTI$C[TGWVJ FGU -ÌPKITGKEJU 2TGW­GP FGT 4GRWDNKM 2TGW­GPWPVGT$GTÒEMUKEJVKIWPIFGU&GWVUEJGP4GKEJGU$CPF++'JTGP\GKEJGP#WU\GKEJPWPIGPWPF'JTGPICDGP $TGOGP *GUUGPVJCN 9CNFGOCT 'FNGT XQP WPF 5EJTGKDGT )GQTI &KG VTCIDCTGP 'JTGP\GKEJGP FGU &GWVUEJGP 4GKEJGU GKPUEJNKG­NKEJ FGT XQTOCNU UGNDUV·PFKIGP FGWVUEJGP 5VCCVGP UQYKG FGU -CKUGTVWOU WPF FGU $WPFGUUVCCVGU ¤UVGT TGKEJ FGT (TGKGP 5VCFV &CP\KI FGU )TQ­JGT\QIVWOU.WZGODWTIFGU(ÒTUVGPVWOU.KGEJVGPUVGKPWPFFGT'JTGP \GKEJGPFGU05&#21TKIKPCNIGVTGWGT0CEJFTWEMQJPG1TVWPFQJPG,CJTFGT#WUICDG$GTNKP *CUU,GCP.C/¾FCKNNG%QNQPKCNGWPFTCRGCWWPGORKTG$GNEQFGPGP *ÒUMGP #PFT¾ -CVCNQI FGT 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP FGU &GWVUEJGP 4GKEJGU  *CODWTI  #WHNCIG  *G[FGP*GTOCPPXQP'JTGP\GKEJGPKP(TCPMTGKEJWPF$GNIKGP0CEJFTWEM$GTNKPFGT#WUICDG(TCPMHWTV  =CPQP?+TCPKCP1HHKEKCN&GEQTCVKQPU6GJGTCP ,CEQD,GHHTG[4%QWTV,GYGNGTUQHVJG9QTNF%JGTT[*KNN 9GDGT5CUEJC&KG-TKGIUCD\GKEJGPFGTFGWVUEJGP-TKGIUOCTKPG&CU-TKGIUCD\GKEJGPHÒT/KPGPUWEJ 7$QQVULCIFWPF5KEJGTWPIUXGTD·PFG1JPG1TVUCPICDG -NKPIDGKN-CTUVGPWPF6JKGU#PFTGCU1TFGP$CPF+1TFGP$CPF+#PJCNV$CFGP $C[GTP$TCPFGPDWTI$TCWPUEJYGKI(TCPMHWTV*CPPQXGT*GUUGP&CTOUVCFV*GUUGP-CUUGN*QJGPNQJG $GTIKUEJ)NCFDCEJ -NKPIDGKN-CTUVGPWPF6JKGU#PFTGCU1TFGP$CPF1TFGP$CPF*QJGP\QNNGTP +UGPDWTI  .KODWTI  .KRRG&GVOQNF  5EJCWODWTI.KRRG  /GEMNGPDWTI5EJYGTKP  /GEMNGPDWTI5VTGNKV\  0CUUCW  1NFGPDWTI  1UVHTKGUNCPF  4GWUU  5CEJUGP-ÌPKITGKEJ  5CEJUGP9GKOCT  5·EJUKUEJG *GT\QIVÒOGT 0ÒTVKPIGP -NKPIDGKN-CTUVGPWPF6JKGU#PFTGCU1TFGP$CPF1TFGP$CPF2TGWUUGP0ÒTVKP IGP 0KOOGTIWV,ÌTI(GFGT-NCWUWPFXQPFGT*G[FG4WFQNH&GWVUEJG1TFGPWPF'JTGP\GKEJGP-CVCNQI&TKV VGU4GKEJ&&4WPF$WPFGUTGRWDNKMDKUJGWVG#WHNCIG4GIGPUVCWHCMVWCNKUKGTVG#WHNCIG -TCHV*&&GWVUEJG.WHVHCJTVCD\GKEJGPDKU#WHNCIG*CODWTI -NCW­,QEJGP*GTHWTVJ&KGVTKEJWPF-NGG,ÒTIGP8KIKNCPFQ#UEGPFKOWU&KG1TFGPWPF'JTGP\GKEJGP5CEJ UGP9GKOCTUDKU#TDGKVUGZGORNCT#NU/CPWUMTKRVXGTXKGNH·NVKIV9GKOCT$GTNKPWPF-QDNGP\ -NKGVOCPP&T-WTV)GTJCTF&GWVUEJG#WU\GKEJPWPIGP$CPF&GWVUEJG#WU\GKEJPWPIGP$GTNKP#WHNCIG  -NKGVOCPP&T-WTV)GTJCTF&GWVUEJG#WU\GKEJPWPIGP$CPF&GWVUEJGU4GKEJ$GTNKP -NKGVOCPP&T-WTV)GTJCTF#WU\GKEJPWPIGPFGU&GWVUEJGP4GKEJGU5VWVVICTV -NGPCW#TPJCTF)TCH'WTQR·KUEJG1TFGPCD-CVCNQIQJPG&GWVUEJNCPF4QUGPJGKO -NKGVOCPP&T-WTV)GTJCTF1TFGPUMWPFG-QORNGVVG5COONWPICNNGTGTUEJKGPGP*GHVG$GTNKP -NGPCW#TPJCTF)TCH1TFGPWPF'JTGP\GKEJGPFGT4GRWDNKM5ÒF8KGVPCO*CODWTIQJPG,CJT -NKGVOCPP&T-WTV)GTJCTF5VCCVNKEJ<KXKNG#WU\GKEJPWPIGP9GKOCTGT4GRWDNKMWPF&TKVVGU4GKEJ5VWVVICTV  -NKGVOCPP&T-WTV)GTJCTF2QWTNG/¾TKVGWPF6CRHGTMGKVUOGFCKNNG$GTNKP -NKGVOCPP&T-WTV)GTJCTF1TFGPU.GZKMQP$GTNKPQJPG,CJT -NKGVOCPP&T-WTV)GTJCTF1TFGPUNGZKMQP -NKGVOCPP&T-WTV)GTJCTF1TFGPUNGZKMQP -KTEJPGT *GKP\ WPF 6TWU\E\[PUMK )GQTI XQP 1TFGPUKPUKIPKGP WPF #WU\GKEJPWPIGP FGU 5QWXGT·PGP /CNVGUGT 4KVVGTQTFGPU-ÌNP#WHNCIG #WVGPITWDGT /KEJCGN (TKV\ 4WFQNH -ÒPMGT  /ÒP\GPJCPFNWPI -CVCNQI \WT  #WMVKQP FGT /ÒP\GPJCPFNWPI (TKV\4WFQNH-ÒPMGTCO,WPK1TFGPWPF'JTGP\GKEJGP'KPG5COONWPICWUCNVGO#FGNUDGUKV\1UPCD TÒEM -CXCNKCWUMCU8KNKWU7ĻPWQRGNPWU.KGVWXCK(QT/GTKVUVQ.KVJWCPKC8KNPKWU -CXCNKCWUMCU 8KNKWU 1TFGTU &GEQTCVKQPUCPF/GFCNUQH'UVQPKC.CVXKCCPF.KVJWCPKC-QRGPJCIGP  .CWTGCW)¾TCTF+PVGTPCVKQPCNG2JCNGTKUVKUEJG5VWFKGP$CPF++PVGTPCVKQPCN2JCNGTKUVKE5VWFKGU8QNWOG+'VWFGU +PVGTPCVKQPCNGU 2JCN¾TKUVKSWGU 6QOG + .ʼn1TFTG FGU 5CKPVU /CWTKEG GV .C\CTG  .ʼn1TFKPG FGK 5CPVK /CWTK\KQ G .C\CTQ6JG1TFGTQHVJG5CKPVU/CWTKEGCPF.C\CTG&GT5CPMV/CWTKVKWUWPF.C\CTWU1TFGP7PXGTÌHHGPVNKEJ VGU/CPWUMTKRV5VTC­DWTIQJPG,CJT .K)QPISKPI%JKPGUG1TFGTU6QTQPVQ .CUNQ#NGZCPFGT,6JG+PVGTCNNKGF8KEVQT[/GFCNUQH9QTNF9CT+#NDWSWGTSWG .KPM'XCWPF)CWIIGN*GKP\(ÒTUVNKEJ*QJGP\QNNGTUEJG1TFGPWPF'JTGP\GKEJGP(TKFKPIGP .ÌYGPJKGNO(TGFTKM5XGPUMC1TFPCTQEJ/GFCNLGT5VQEMJQNO#WHNCIG =CPQP?,CJTG)TQ­G0CVKQPCN/WVVGTNQIG<WFGPFTGK9GNVMWIGNP1JPG1TVWPFQJPG,CJT /CUKCP/KEJGN.C/¾FCKNNG/KNKVCKTG2CTKUWPF.KOQIGU XCP <GNP XCP 'NFKM , # /QGF GP &GWIF  4KFFGTQTFGPGP KP 0GFGTNCPF  &G 1PVYKMMGNKPI XCP GGP GKIGP 9GTGNFDKPPGPFGU0GFGTNCPFUG5COGPNGXKPI<WVRJGP /CPFT[ *QTUV =$CPF ? &KG 1TFGPWPF'JTGP\GKEJGPFGUFGWVUEJGP4GKEJGUWPFFGT9GKOCTGT4GRWDNKM*KN FGUJGKOQJPG,CJT /CPFT[*QTUV=$CPF?&KG1TFGPWPF'JTGP\GKEJGPFGU&TKVVGP4GKEJGU&KG-CORHCD\GKEJGPFGT.WHVYCHHG FGU*GGTGUWPFFGT-TKGIUOCTKPG*KNFGUJGKOQJPG,CJT

309


/& /&& /'' /'2 /, /- /.: /.; /0 /0# /0+ /2#7 /2/ /4& /; 0 0 0'- 0+ 0+( 0-8 0/

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 02 08 08# 1' 1- 14 1% 1'- 1) 1) 1) 1-

310

/CPFT[*QTUV=$CPF?&KG1TFGPWPF'JTGP\GKEJGPFGU&TKVVGP4GKEJGUFGT2CTVGKFGU5RQTVUWPFFGT1TICPK UCVKQPGP*KNFGUJGKOQJPG,CJT /CGT\&KGVTKEJ&CU&GWVUEJG-TGW\4KEJOQPF /+ 75# /CGT\&KGVTKEJWPF5VKOUQP)GQTIG6JG+TQP%TQUU%NCUU4KEJOQPF /+ 75# /WNFGT%22GTUKCP1TFGTU-QRGPJCIGP /CTVKP,WNGU.GU&¾EQTCVKQPU(TCPECKUGU2CTKU /CTMQ #NGZCPFGT # #WU\GKEJPWPIGP FGT ¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJ7PICTKUEJGP/QPCTEJKGWPFFGT<YKUEJGPMTKGIU\GKV 2TGKUMCVCNQI.KP\ /WNFGT%2WPF%JTKUVKCCPU2#1PFGTUEJGKFKPIGPXCPFG-QPKPI)TQQVJGTVQI&G1TFGXCPFG'KMGPM TQQP U)TCXGPJCIG 1 6QQNG'COQPP*WPF5JGRRCTF*CLK#DFWN/WDKP/CNC[CP1TFGTUCPF&GEQTCVKQPU1JPG1TV /GKLGT*)/WNFGT%2WPF9CIGPCCT$91TFGTUCPF&GEQTCVKQPUQH6JG0GVJGTNCPFU1JPG1TV #WHNCIG /GFKPC,QU¾6QTKDKQ.CU/GFCNNCU%JKNGPCU5CPVKCIQ /CTKPK&GVVKPC#NHQPUQ+N.GIKVVKOQ'UGTEK\KQFGN)TCP/CIKUVGTQFGN5CETQ/KNKVCTG1TFKPG%QPUVCPVKPKCPQFK 5CP)KQTIKQ%KVV¯FGN8CVKECPQ 4GPCWF&CPKGN/CKUQP2NCVV%CVCNQIWG¯RTKZOCTSW¾U#WVQOPG1TFTGU&¾EQTCVKQPU/¾FCKNNGU 2CTKU /ÌNNGT*CPPU)GUEJKEJVGFGT4KVVGTFGU1TFGPURQWTNGO¾TKVGKO9GNVMTKGI$GTNKP /CGT\&KGVTKEJ&CU4KVVGTMTGW\FGU'KUGTPGP-TGW\GUWPFUGKPG*ÌJGTGP5VWHGP4KEJOQPF /+ 75# /WUUGNN,QJP9 *I /GFCN;GCTDQQM*QPKVQP#WHNCIG 6WNCTF,GCP *I .CDGTNKPGFG0CRQN¾QP.GO[UV½TGFWDWVKPFG9CVGTNQQ2CTKU %JGHFGDKGP #PPG FG WPF 9QFG[ .CWTGPEG *I  —ETKPU +OR¾TKCWZ  5RNGPFGWTU &KRNQOCVKSWGU FW 5GEQPF 'ORKTG2CTKU 0KOOGTIWV ,ÌTI *GTCWUIGDGT  'FKVKQP &GWVUEJGU 1TFGPUOWUGWO  $CPF  &CU 'KUGTPG -TGW\   )GUEJKEJVGFGU#WU\GKEJPWPIUYGUGPU.ÒFGPUEJGKF#WHNCIG 0KOOGTIWV,ÌTI&GWVUEJG1TFGPWPF'JTGP\GKEJGPDKU)GUCOVCWUICDGKPHÒPH$·PFGP/ÒPEJGPDKU  #WVGPITWDGT /KEJCGN KP <WUCOOGPCTDGKV OKV 4CY4GGU 1YCKP WPF 6COOCPP )WUVCX #PFTGCU 6COOCPP 2JCNGTKUVKUEJG &QMWOGPVCVKQPGP $CPF + &GT 1TFGP FGU 4WJOU =0KUEJCP CN +HVKMJCT? FGT 4GIGPVUEJCHV KP 6WPKU

 'KPG&QMWOGPVCVKQP-QPUVCP\ 0KOOGTIWV,ÌTI#D\GKEJGPWPF#WU\GKEJPWPIGPFGWVUEJGT-TKGIGTXGTGKPG4GIGPUVCWH 0KGOCPP &GVNGX $GYGTVWPIU-CVCNQI &GWVUEJNCPF  2TKEG )WKFG )GTOCP[  -CтCлQг    1TFGP 'JTGP\GKEJGP8GTNGKJWPIU7TMWPFGP/KPKCVWTGPWPF'VWKU1TFGTU&GEQTCVKQPU#YCTF&QEWOGPVU/KPKCVWTGU CPF %CUGU QH +UUWG  1рдена знCки Qтличия наградньіе документьі миниатюрьі и футлярьі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ÒT1TFGPUMWPFGG8 *I 1TFGPWPF'JTGP\GKEJGP&CU/CIC\KPHÒT5COONGT WPF (QTUEJGT 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP  *GHV  #WIWUV   ,CJTG 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGT $WPFGUTGRWDNKM &GWVUEJNCPF$GTNKP 1NUQP&CXKF4Q[CN-KPIFQOQH'I[RV1TFGTUCPF/GFCNU1JPG1TVWPFQJPG,CJT 1NUQP &CXKF 6JG #TCD 4GRWDNKE QH 'I[RV %KXKNKCP CPF /KNKVCT[ &GEQTCVKQPU CPF /GFCNU 5V 2CWN /0  QJPG ,CJT 1NFJCO)GQHHTG[2WPF&GNCJWPV$TGVV%CODQFKCP&GEQTCVKQPUQH*QPQWT#WEMNCPF 0KOOGTIWV,ÌTIWPF#PMG&GWVUEJG1TFGPWPF'JTGP\GKEJGP #WUICDG 4GIGPUVCWHMQO RNGVVÒDGTCTDGKVGVGWPFCMVWCNKUKGTVG#WHNCIG 5RCFC#PVQPKQ1PQTKG)NQTKG=4WJOWPF'JTG?$CPF1PQTKG)NQTKG8QNWOG4GIPQF +VCNKCG#PVKEJK 5VCVK+VCNKCPK$TGUEKC 5RCFC #PVQPKQ 1PQTK G )NQTKG =4WJO WPF 'JTG? $CPF  1PQTK G)NQTKG8QNWOG/CNVC5RCIPC)TCP $TGVCIPC2QTVQICNNQ$TCUKNG$TGUEKC 5RCFC#PVQPKQ1PQTKG)NQTKG=4WJOWPF'JTG?$CPF1PQTKG)NQTKG8QNWOG(TCPEKC4WUUKC#WUVTKC $TGUEKC *QTOCPP ,ÌTI / /ÒPEJGPGT 1TFGPUMWPFNKEJG 5VWFKGP $CPF  &KG 'JTGPDNCVVURCPIGP FGT 9GJTOCEJVUVGKNG 1JPG1TVWPFQJPG,CJT


10 14& 2# 2# 2$ 2$ 2$ 2&( 2&5 2' 2) 2)# 2)% 2-1 21 22% 25 25 25 26 26 266 4$ 4$6 4'; 4( 4) 4- 4-$ 4-4 4.; 4/ 4/& 4/1 417 447 45# 47. 472 49 5 54 5

54

2$

9GTNKEJ4QDGTV1TFGTUCPF&GEQTCVKQPUQHCNN0CVKQPU#PEKGPVCPF/QFGTP%KXKNCPF/KNKVCT[9CUJKPIVQP #WHNCIG\YGKVGT&TWEM =CPQP?#U1TFGPU*QPQTÃHKECU.KUUCDQP 2CXNQX2GVMQ$CNICTUMK1TFGPKK/GFCNK$WNICTKCP1TFGTUCPF/GFCNU5QHKC 2CXNQX 2GVMQ $CNICTUMK 1TFGPK K /GFCNK GOKUKLC  I   $WNICTKCP 1TFGTU CPF /GFCNU KUUWG   5QHKC 2TKGVQ$CTTKQ#PVQPKQ&KEEKQPCTKQFGEKPVCUFG4GEQORGPUCU'URCPQNCU FGUFG /CFTKF 2CVTKMGGX5$WPF$QLPQXKEJ#&0CITWFPKG5PCMK4QUUKK$CFIGUQH4WUUKC/QUMCWWPF5V2GVGTUDWTI  $CPF  $CPF WPF $CPF  2TKGUFQTHH-WTVXQP *I 5QNFCVKUEJGU(ÒJTGTVWO 2GFGTUGP,ÎTIGP4KFFGTGCH'NGHCPVGPQTFGPGP1FGPUG 2GVTQX6QFQT$WNICTKCP1TFGTUCPF/GFCNU5QHKC#WHNCIG KPGPINKUEJ  2¾TG\)WGTTC,QU¾/CPWGN1TFGPGU[%QPFGEQTCEKQPGUFG'URCPC5CTCIQUUC 2TQEJ±\MC 4QOCP (TGKJGTT XQP ¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJGU 1TFGPUJCPFDWEJ  )TQ­G #WUICDG  $CPF  DKU  /ÒPEJGP  2QICEKE5KPKUC1TFGTU/GFCNUCPF+PUKIPKCQH/QPVGPGITQ1JPG1TVUWPF,CJTGUCPICDG 2KGTTGFQP/KEJGN%QOVGFG.GU1TFTGU%QNQPKCWZ(TCP¼CKU2CTKU 2QNKCPQ.WKU/CTSWGU1TFGPU*QPQTKHKECUFQ$TCUKN4KQFG,CPGKTQ 2GNNKEEKQPKFK2QNK.WEKCPQ. 1TFKPGFK5CP)KQTIKQFK%CTKP\KC4QO+PKVCNKGPKUEJGT5RTCEJG5GKVGP TGKEJKNNWUVTKGTVMCTVQPKGTV 6COOCPP)#2CPFWNC#5GKU*<KOOGTOCPP5(GFGT-*$TGV\GPFQTHGT7.KPMG4-QPUVCP \GT 2JCNGTKUVKUEJG 5VWFKGP$CPF&CU&TKVVGWPF8KGTVG)WP\GPJ·WUGT2JCNGTKUVKM5[ORQUKWO1HHGPDCEJCO /CKP 2CV\YCNN -NCWU WPF 5EJGT\GT 8GKV &CU &GWVUEJG -TGW\   )GUEJKEJVG WPF +PJCDGT  $CPF + 0QT FGTUVGFV 2CV\YCNN -NCWU WPF 5EJGT\GT 8GKV &CU &GWVUEJG -TGW\   )GUEJKEJVG WPF +PJCDGT  $CPF ++ 0QT FGTUVGFV 2WGPVG [ )ÉOG\ (GFGTKEQ (GTP±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¾FCKNNGU FGU 2C[U F #HTKSWG ¯ N 'RQSWG 2QUV%QNQPKCNG FG  ¯ PQU ,QWTU 2CTKU 4QOCPQHH2TKPEG&KOKVTK$CNMCP*GTKVCIG4GKJG$CPF6JG1TFGTU/GFCNUCPF*KUVQT[QH)TGGEG4WPIUVGF -[UV 6JQOCU (TCP\ WPF 9GIOCPP )ÒPVGT &KG 4KVVGTMTGW\VT·IGT FGT &GWVUEJGP 9GJTOCEJV    6GKN +++ $CPF&KG4KVVGTMTGW\VT·IGTFGT+PHCPVGTKG #DKU$G 1UPCDTÒEM 4WQMQPGP#PVVK6JG5RKTKVQHVJG.KQP1TFGTUQH$GNIKWO8CCUC 4WQMQPGP#PVVK;GUVGTFC[CPF6QFC[ U-PKIJVU1TFGTUQH4QOCPKC8CCUC 4KNG[5OKVJ,&KGTWUUKUEJGP,QJCPPGUQTFGPªDGTUGV\WPIFGT#WUICDG.QPFQP &QTNKPI*6CRTGNNWPF2WTXGU#NGE#4KDDQPUCPF/GFCNU.QPFQP#WHNCIG 4WNNKGT2.GU&¾EQTCVKQPUFW4Q[CWOGFG/CFCICUECT2JQVQMQRKGGKPGU0CEJFTWEMGUFGT#WUICDG6CPCPCTKXG  4QOCPQHH 2TKPEG &KOKVTK $CNMCP *GTKVCIG 4GKJG $CPF  6JG 1TFGTU /GFCNU CPF *KUVQT[ QH /QPVGPGITQ 4WPIUVGF-[UV 4QWUUGCW2KGTTG1TFTGUGV&¾EQTCVKQPUFGN 'ORKTG%J¾TKHKGPCW6GORUFW2TQVGEVQTCV(TCPECKUCW/CTQE 8GTUCKNNGU 4QOCPQHH 2TKPEG &KOKVTK $CNMCP *GTKVCIG 4GKJG $CPF  6JG 1TFGTU /GFCNUCPF*KUVQT[QH+ORGTKCN4WUUKC 4WPIUVGF-[UV 4QUC#NGLCPFTQ/QPGVCTKQCOGTKECPQ$WGPQU#KTGU 4WNNKGT%.G0KEJCP+HVKMJCTFG6WPKUKG1JPG1TVQJPG,CJT 4CMUEJ&KGVOCT8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGPWPF$GUKV\\GWIPKUUGCWUFGO-ÌPKITGKEJ2TGW­GPWPFFGT4GRWDNKM2TGW ­GP*CODWTI 4GEMGYGNN 4QIGT WPF (KUEJGT ,GPU #TDGKVUDGTKEJVG  8GTÌHHGPVNKEJWPIGP CWU FGO 5V·FVKUEJGP /WUGWO $TCWP UEJGKI $CPF  1TFGP 'JTGP WPF #D\GKEJGP FGU *GT\QIVWOU $TCWPUEJYGKI.ÒPGDWTI XQP  DKU  $TCWPUEJYGKI 5EJWN\G * %JTQPKM U·OVNKEJGT DGMCPPVGP 4KVVGT1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP YGNEJG XQP 5QWXGTCKPGP WPF 4GIKG TWPIGP XGTNKGJGP YGTFGP PGDUV #DDKNFWPIGP FGT &GEQTCVKQPGP  %JTQPKSWG FG VQWU NGU QTFTGU GV OCTSWGU F JQPPGWTFGEJGXCNGTKGCEEQTF¾URCTFGUUQWXGTCKPUGVFGT¾IGPEGUCXGENGUFGUUKPUFGUF¾EQTCVKQPU$GTNKP 5EJOKFV)ÒPVGT'TKM'JTGP\GKEJGPWPF1TFGPKO¤UVGTTGKEJFGT<YKUEJGPMTKGIU\GKV)TC\ 5EJWN\G * %JTQPKM U·OVNKEJGT DGMCPPVGP 4KVVGT1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP YGNEJG XQP 5QWXGTCKPGP WPF 4GIKG TWPIGP XGTNKGJGP YGTFGP PGDUV #DDKNFWPIGP FGT &GEQTCVKQPGP  %JTQPKSWG FG VQWU NGU QTFTGU GV OCTSWGU F JQPPGWT FG EJGXCNGTKG CEEQTF¾U RCT FGU UQWXGTCKPU GV FG T¾IGPEGU CXGE NGU FGUUKPU FGU F¾EQTCVKQPU  5WRRNG OGPV$GTNKP 5EJOKFV)WGPVGT'TKM1TFGPWPF'JTGP\GKEJGP¤UVGTTGKEJU9KGP

311


5

5# 5# 5#0 5$ 5% 5%- 5'0 5( 5(1 5- 5-1 5. 5.1 5/) 5/- 5/1 5/6 51 52$ 52& 525 54 54 54 549 54- 55$ 56# 56'. 56- 56/ 5659 568 594- 5; 5;) 5< 5< 6#

312

5EJWN\G * %JTQPKM U·OVNKEJGT DGMCPPVGP 4KVVGT1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP YGNEJG XQP 5QWXGTCKPGP WPF 4GIKG TWPIGP XGTNKGJGP YGTFGP PGDUV #DDKNFWPIGP FGT &GEQTCVKQPGP  %JTQPKSWG FG VQWU NGU QTFTGU GV OCTSWGU F JQPPGWTFGEJGXCNGTKGCEEQTF¾URCTFGUUQWXGTCKPUGVFGT¾IGPEGUCXGENGUFGUUKPUFGUF¾EQTCVKQPU5WRRNGOGPV ++$GTNKP5WRRNGOGPV + $GTNKP5WRRNGOGPV++$GTNKP 5CPMQ99 *I 0CITWFPKGRQNMQYKGUPCMK4QUUKK%JGUVTGIKOGPVDCFIGUQH4WUUKC4GIKOGPVUCD\GKEJGP 4W­NCPFU/QUMCWWPF/KPUM 5CPMQ99 *I 0CITCFPKGKRCOLCVPKGUPCMK4QUUKK&GEQTCVKQPUCPF/GOQTKCN$CFIGUQH4WUUKC'JTGP WPF)GFGPM\GKEJGP4W­NCPFU/KPUM 6COOCPP ) #PFTGCU WPF 2CVKGPEG - &KG 1TFGP XQP 5CPUKDCT  'KP 5VTGKHNKEJV CWH FKG FGWVUEJG -QPKCNIG UEJKEJVG+P&CU&TKVVGWPF8KGTVG)WP\GPJ·WUGT2JCNGTKUVKM5[ORQUKWO1HHGPDCEJCO/CKP 5EJCTHGPDGTI)GTF2JCNGTKUVKUEJG/QPQITCRJKGP$CPF&KG1TFGPWPF'JTGP\GKEJGPFGT#PJCNVKUEJGP5VCCVGP 1HHGPDCEJCO/CKP 5[NXGUVGT ,T ,QJP 6JG 1TFGTU &GEQTCVKQPU CPF /GFCNU QH +PFQEJKPC =&KG 1TFGP 'JTGP\GKEJGP WPF /GFCKNNGP +PFQEJKPCU?6JG1TFGTUCPF/GFCNUQH%CODQFKCCPF.CQU4CNGKIJ 5CEECTGNNQ 4QDGTVQ +N 5CETQ /KNKVCTG 1TFKPG %QPCUVCPVKPKCPQ FK 5CP )KQTIKQ  5VQTKC  +UVKVW\KQPK  +PUGIPG 8KVGTDQ &K5VGHCPQ#NCKP*KUVQKTGFGU+PUKIPGUGVFGU%QUVWOGUFGU5¾PCVGWTU2CTKU 5CHVC +QP ,KRC 4QVCTW 8GNVGT 6KDGTKW WPF /CTKPGUEW (NQTKEGN &GEQTCVKK 4QOCPGUVK FG 4C\DQK  $WMCTGUV 5[NXGUVGT,QJPWPF(QUVGT(TCPM6JG&GEQTCVKQPUQHVJG4GRWDNKEQH8KGVPCOCPFJGT#NNKGU(QWP VCKP+PP 5EJYCTM4GKPGT5EJTKHVGPFGU.KRRKUEJGP.CPFGUOWUGWOU$CPF8+1TFGPWPF'JTGP\GKEJGPFGU(ÒTUVGPVWOU .KRRG&GVOQNF&GVOQNF 5GYCTF&GUOQPF+VCN[ U-PKIJVUQH5V)GQTIG6JG%QPUVCPVKPKCP1TFGT)GTTCTFU%TQUU 5CNNCEJ #NGZCPFGT XQP &KG 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP WPUGTGT 4GRWDNKM  8KGTVG #WHNCIG 4GIGPUVCWH XKGTVG XQNNMQOOGPÒDGTCTDGKVGVGWPFGTJGDNKEJGTYGKVGTVG#WHNCIG 5EJCTHGPDGTI )GTF WPF 6JKGFG )ÒPVGT .GZKMQP FGT 1TFGPUMWPFG  8QP #FNGTUEJKNF DKU <KVTQPGPQTFGP 4G IGPUVCWH 5EJGKP49WPF)QNQYGPMQ-2-CVCNQI1TFGPQYK/GFCNGK/QPIQNUMQK0CTQFPQK4GURWDNKMK   $CMW -NGKP 7NTKEJ WPF 4CHH #NDGTV 5ÒFFGWVUEJG /ÒP\MCVCNQIG $CPF  &KG 9ÒTVVGODGTIKUEJGP /GFCKNNGP XQP  GKPUEJNKG­NKEJFGT1TFGPWPF'JTGP\GKEJGP 5VWVVICTV 5QPPGPDGTI*GKP/QPIQNKUEJG#WU\GKEJPWPIGP/QPIQNKCP#YCTFU/ÒPEJGP 5EJGOGKV/CPHTGF'FKVKQP&GWVUEJGU1TFGPUOWUGWO$CPF'JTGP\GKEJGPFGU&GWVUEJGP4QVGP-TGW\GU LGV\V.ÒFGPUEJGKF 5EJQQU ,GCP &KG 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP FGU )TQ­JGT\QIVWOU .WZGODWTI WPF FGU GJGOCNKIGP *GT\QIVWOU 0CUUCWKP8GTICPIGPJGKVWPF)GIGPYCTV.WZGODWTI 5RCFC&T#PVQPKQ1TFKPK&KPCUVKEKFGNNC4GCN%CUCFK$QTDQPGFGNNG&WG5KEKNKG$TGUEKC %JGHFGDKGP#PPGFG 8QTUKV\GPFG*GTCWUIGDGTKP *QPPGWTGV)NQKTG.GUVT¾UQTUFGNCEQNNGEVKQP5RCFC2CTKU  5RCFC&T#PVQPKQ1TFKPK&KPCUVKEKFGNNC4GCN%CUCFK5CXQKC$TGUEKC 5EJOKVV4CKPGT*CPFDÒEJGTFGT2JCNGTKUVKM$CPF8&KG#WU\GKEJPWPIGPFGT8QNMUTGRWDNKMWPFFGT5Q\KCNKUVK UEJGP4GRWDNKM4WO·PKGPDKU1HHGPDCEJCO/CKP 5QW[TKU4QNNCPF #PFT¾ )WKFG FGU 1TFTGU &¾EQTCVKQPU GV /¾FCKNNGU /KNKVCKTGU (TCPECKUGU GV —VTCPI½TGU  2CTKU 5QW[TKU4QNNCPF#PFT¾)WKFGFGU1TFTGU%KXKN(TCPECKUGV—VTCPIGTUFGU/¾FCKNNGUF *QPPGWTGVFGU/¾FCKNNGU FGU5QEK¾V¾U2CTKU 5QW[TKU4QNNCPF #PFT¾ WPF .G /CTGE )¾TCTF )WKFG FGU 1TFTGU GV &¾EQTCVKQPU FG NC 4¾UKUVCPEG GV FG NC .KD¾TCVKQP2CTKU 5EJGT\GT8GKV4KVVGTMTGW\VT·IGT&KG+PJCDGTFGU4KVVGTMTGW\GUFGU'KUGTPGP-TGW\GUXQP*GGT .WHVYCHHG-TKGIOCTKPG9CHHGP558QNMUUVWTOUQYKGOKV&GWVUEJNCPFXGTDÒPFGVGT5VTGKVMT·HVGPCEJFGP7PVGT NCIGPFGU$WPFGUCTEJKXUGTYGKVGTVGWPFGTI·P\VG#WHNCIG4CPKU 5CKPV[)W[5VCKT6JG1TFGTUQH%JKXCNT[CPF/GTKVQHVJG$QWTDQP6YQ5KEKNKGU&[PCUV[/CFTKF (GFGT-NCWU*WPF7VC#WU\GKEJPWPIGPKO/KPKUVGTKWOHÒT5VCCVUUKEJGTJGKVFGT&&44QUGPJGKO 5VQEMGTV2GVGT&KG'KEJGPNCWDVT·IGT$CPF  $CF(TKGFTKEJUJCNN#WHNCIG 5VGKPGT,ÌTI%1TFGPWPF'JTGP\GKEJGPFGTÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJWPICTKUEJGP/QPCTEJKG2TGKUMCVCNQI9KGP  5VGGD%JTKUVKCPWPF5VTKOKV\GT$KTIKV&GT5QWXGT·PG/CNVGUGT4KVVGT1TFGPKP¤UVGTTGKEJ)TC\ 5VQEMGTV2GVGT/KV'KEJGPNCWDWPF5EJYGTVGTP&KG6T·IGTXQODKU$CPF$CF(TKGF TKEJUJCNN#WHNCIG 5VGXPUDQTI.CTU-QPIGTKIGV&CPOCTMU1TFGPGT/GFCNLGTQI*CGFGTUVGIP1FGPUG 5EJYCT\9CNVGT#&KG'JTGP\GKEJGPWPF/GFCKNNGPFGU¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJGP4QVGP-TGW\GU9KGP 5[NXGUVGT ,T ,QJP 6JG 1TFGTU &GEQTCVKQPU CPF /GFCNU QH +PFQEJKPC =&KG 1TFGP 'JTGP\GKEJGP WPF /GFCKNNGP +PFQEJKPCU?6JG1TFGTUCPF/GFCNUQH(TGPEJ+PFQEJKPC4CNGKIJ 5[NXGUVGT ,T ,QJP 6JG 1TFGTU &GEQTCVKQPU CPF /GFCNU QH +PFQEJKPC =&KG 1TFGP 'JTGP\GKEJGP WPF /GFCKNNGP +PFQEJKPCU?6JG1TFGTU&GEQTCVKQPUCPF/GFCNUQH+PFQEJKPC%QORNGVG'FKVKQP4CNGKIJ 5< 5EJWN\G*%JTQPKMU·OOVNKEJGTDGMCPPVGP4KVVGT1TFGPWPF'JTGP\GKEJGPYGNEJGXQP5QWXGTCKPGPWPF4GIKG TWPIGP XGTNKGJGP YGTFGP PGDUV #DDKNFWPIGP FGT &GEQTCVKQPGP  %JTQPKSWG FG VQWU NGU QTFTGU FG EJGXCNGTKG GV OCTSWGU F JQPPGWTU CEEQTF¾U RCT FGU UQWXGTCKPU GV FG T¾IGPEGU CXGE NGU FGUUKPF FGU F¾EQTCVKQPU $GTNKP  5WRRN¾OGPV$GTNKP5WRRN¾OGPV++$GTNKP #WVGPITWDGT /KEJCGN WPF 6COOCPP ) #PFTGCU 7$5 )QNF  0WOKUOCVKM-CVCNQIFGT#WMVKQPFGT7$5 )QNFWPF0WOKUOCVKMCOWPF0QXGODGT1TFGPCWUCNNGT9GNV5COONWPI6COOCPP9QTNF1TFGTU %QNNGEVKQP6COOCPP$CUGN


6#+ 6'/ 6'5 6* 6*1 6+ 6.. 61< 64 64) 642 65 65 66 6: 6< 75 8%( 8. 80 82'82' 84 84 84 9 9 9$ 9'& 9'- 9'. 9,6 9.# 95-& <'. <- 

5GETGVCTKCVGQHVJG%CDKPGV1HHKEGQHVJG2TKOG/KPKUVGT4Q[CN6JCK1TFGTUCPF&GEQTCVKQPU$CPIMQM#WH NCIG 6JQOCU(TCP\&KG'KEJGPNCWDVT·IGT$CPF+#-1UPCDTÒEM #WVQTGPIGOGKPUEJCHV 5EJCFG)Ì­YGKP*QHHOCPP$GTIGT1DNGPV\ &KG VTCIDCTGP 'JTGP\GKEJGP FGU -ÌPKITGKEJGU 5CEJUGP#NVGPDWTI 6JKGU#PFTGCUWPF*CRMG9KNJGNO1TFGPWPF'JTGP\GKEJGPFGU-ÌPKITGKEJGU*CPPQXGT*CODWTI 6JQTPKV2GT6JG4Q[CN%QOOGOQTCVKXGCPF%QTQPCVKQP/GFCNUQH5ECPFKPCXKC-QRGPJCIGP 6KCKPGP,CPK5WQOGP-WPPKCOGTMKV6JG1TFGTU&GEQTCVKQPUCPF/GFCNUQH(KPPNCPF6CORGTG 6KNNCPFGT)QFGPJKGNO 7NNC 6JG 4WUUKCP +ORGTKCN #YCTF 5[UVGO FWTKPI VJG 4GKIP QH 0KEQNCU ++  *GNUKPMK 6Q\GT%JCTNGU96JG+PUKIPKCCPF/GFCNUQHVJG)TCPF2TKQT[QHVJG/QUV8GPGTCDNG1TFGTQHVJG*QURKVCNQH 5V,QJPQH,GTWUCNGO.QPFQP 6TQUV . , &KG 4KVVGT WPF 8GTFKGPUV1TFGP 'JTGP\GKEJGP WPF /GFCKNNGP CNNGT 5QWXGT·PG WPF 5VCCVGP UGKV $GIKPPFGU:+:,CJTJWPFGTVU1TKIKPCNCWUICDG/ÒPEJGPWPF.GKR\KI 6TKIWGKTQU #PVÉPKQ/WPF6COOCPP)WUVCX#1TFGTUCPF/GFCNU5QEKGV[QH#OGTKEC/GFCN0QVGU0Q 6JG6JTGG2QTVWIGUUG/KNKVCT[1TFGTUQH-PKIJVJQQF)NCUUDQTQ 6COOCPP)WUVCX#+ORGTKCN4WUUKCP/CMGTU /CTMUQP1TFGTUCPF&GEQTCVKQPU.QPFQP 5WMGPÃM.WFXÃMWPF0QXQVPÓ8NCUVKUNCX%GUMQUNQXGPUM±8[\PCOGP±PÃ1JPG1TV 5WMGPÃM .WFXÃM WPF 0QXQVPÓ 8NCUVKUNCX %GUMQUNQXGPUM¾ C %GUM¾ 4CF[ C 8[\PCOGP±PÃ 1JPG1TV  6GVTK,WJC'-WPPKCOGTMMKMKTLC*GNUKPMK#WHNCIG 6TKRPCWZ 'TKE )WKFG FGU 1TFTGU /¾FCKNNGU GV &¾EQTCVKQPU QHHKEKGNU DGNIGU FG  ¯   CXGE ¾UVKOCVKQPU EJKHHT¾GUFGNGWTUXCNGWTU1JPG1TV 6C\GFCMKU2CPQU06JG1TFGTQHVJG4GFGGOGT#PCVQO[CPFRCVJQNQI[QHVJGKPUKIPKCQHVJG)TGGM1TFGTQH VJG4GFGGOGT#VJGP 5EJTQEM7NTKEJ')&GWVUEJG4GIKOGPVULWDKN·GPCWH/GFCKNNGPWPF#D\GKEJGPXQPDKU4GIGPUVCWH  8KGVPCO%QWPEKNQH(QTGKIP4GNCVKQPU#YCTFU&GEQTCVKQPUQH8KGVPCO%CyENQạKJW[EJưQPIF³PUựX³SW³P UựEủC8KệV0CO5CKIQP 8QNNG*GPPKPI&KG1TFGPWPFVTCIDCTGP'JTGP\GKEJGPFGU)TQ­JGT\QIVWOUWPFFGT4GRWDNKM$CFGP+P8QTDG TGKVWPI 7PXGTÌHHGPVNKEJVGU/CPWUMTKRV  8GTPQP5[FPG[$8GTPQP U%QNNGEVQTU)WKFGVQ1TFGTU/GFCNU&GEQTCVKQPU 9KVJ8CNWCVKQPU 6GOGEWNC ÒDGTCTDGKVGVG#WUHNCIG 8QNRG/CTKQ5KIPUQH*QPQWT%QORGPFKWOQHQTFGTUQHMPKIJVJQQFCPFJQPQWTUQH+VCN['WTQRGCPFVJGTGUV QHVJG9QTNF4QO 8TCKPG 2JKNKRRG .C 5QEK¾V¾ 0CVKQPCNG FG 4GVTCKVGU FGU 8¾V¾TCPU FGU #TO¾GU FG 6GTTG GV FG /GT  %JGXTGIP[ 8TCKPG2JKNKRRG/¾FCKNNGUGVKPUKIPGURQTVCDNGUFGNC)WGTTG(TCPEQ#NNGOCPFGFG6QOG%JGX TGIP[ 8TCKPG2JKNKRRG/¾FCKNNGUGVKPUKIPGURQTVCDNGUFGNC)WGTTG(TCPEQ#NNGOCPFGFG6QOG%JGX TGIP[ 9GKNNGT 4C[OQPF &KUVKEVKQPU *QPQTKHKSWGUFW)TCPF&WEJ¾FG.WZGODQWTI=#WU\GKEJPWPIGPFGU)TQ­JGT\QI VWOU.WZGODWTI?$CPF+&¾EQTCVKQPU1HHKEKGNNGU.WZGODQWTI 9GKNNGT 4C[OQPF &KUVKEVKQPU *QPQTKHKSWGUFW)TCPF&WEJ¾FG.WZGODQWTI=#WU\GKEJPWPIGPFGU)TQ­JGT\QI VWOU.WZGODWTI?$CPF++&¾EQTCVKQPU2TKX¾GU.WZGODWTI 9GDGT&KGVGT#TPQNF2CWNWPF-GKN2GVGT2JCNGTKUVKUEJG/QPQITCRJKGP$CPF&KG1TFGPFGU-ÌPKITGKEJU 5CEJUGP1HHGPDCEJCO/CKP 9GDGT 5CUEJC &KG -CORHCD\GKEJGP FGU FGWVUEJGP *GGTGU $CPF&CU'TFMCORHCD\GKEJGPFGT.WHV YCHHG#WHNCIG5EJÌPCWÒDGTCTDGKVGVGWPFGTYGKVGVG#WHNCIG 9GTPKV\&T(TCPMWPF5KOQPU8QNMGT-CVCNQIGFGU$C[GTKUEJGP#TOGGOWUGWOU$CPF&CU'KUGTPG-TGW\ )GUEJKEJVGWPF$GFGWVWPIGKPGT#WU\GKEJPWPI9KGP 9GTNKEJ 4QDGTV 4WUUKCP 1TFGTU &GEQTCVKQPU CPF /GFCNU KPENWFKPI VJQUG QH +ORGTKCN 4WUUKC VJG RTQXKUKQPCN )QXGTPOGPVVJG%KXKN9CTCPFVJG5QXKGV7PKQP9CUJKPIVQP 9GTNKEJ4QDGTV,GVVQPUQH+ORGTKCN4WUUKC9CUJKPIVQP 9KNNKCOUQP)QTFQPWPF%TQUU,COKG%QNNGEVQTU)WKFGVQ)GTOCP#TO5JKGNF#YCTFU1JPG1TV 9GDGT5CUEJCWPF5MQTC)GTJCTF4&KG-TKGIUCD\GKEJGPFGT-TKGIUOCTKPG5EJÌPCWWPF$GPUJGKO <GNQUMQ (TCPM (ÒT $CFGPU 'JTG  /KNKV·TKUEJGT -CTN(TKGFTKEJ 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP WPF 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG   /QUDCEJ <GKIG%CTUVGP'WTQR·KUEJG1TFGP QJPG&GWVUEJNCPF XQP2TGKUMCVCNQI*CODWTI#WU ICDG

313


Kunstgewerbe Auktion am 15. November 2013 in Köln Einlieferungen bis Mitte September erbeten

Exzeptionelle Goldemail-Präsentationstaschenuhr mit Repetition Anlässlich der Vermählung von Isabella II. de Bourbon, Königin von Spanien und Francisco de Assisi de Bourbon im Jahr 1846 Signiert José Hoffmeyer, London. Ø 5 cm. Gewicht 121,7 g. Im Originaletui. Schätzpreis / Estimate: € 8.000 – 10.000,–

Köln T +49.221.925729-21 kunstgewerbe@lempertz.com

314


315


316


Deutsche Gesellschaft für Medaillenkunst e.V. – Seien Sie dabei! Ihnen eröffnen sich neue Perspektiven auf die Medaillenkunst: Werden Sie Mitglied unserer Gesellschaft! Unsere Ziele: - Förderung von Künstlern und ihrer Arbeiten - Numismatische Publikationen zum Thema Medaillen - Persönliche Begegnung von Künstlern, Sammlern, Wissenschaftlern, Herstellern und Händlern - Veranstaltungen zum Thema - Aktuelle Website www. medaillenkunst.de Für den Jahresbeitrag von 50 € erhalten Sie diese Leistungen: 1. 2. 3. 4.

Drei Werke unserer Publikationen nach Ihrer Wahl einmalig kostenfrei Einladungen zu Veranstaltungen unserer Gesellschaft Newsletter, interner Mitgliederbereich auf der Website sowie Datenbank zur Medaillenkunst im deutschsprachigen Raum seit 1871 Angebote zeitgenössischer Medaillen der Künstler unserer Gesellschaft zum Subskriptionspreis (Jahresgaben)

Was tun? Schicken Sie an die folgende Adresse ein E-Mail oder eine Postkarte mit der Bitte um weitere Informationen: Prof. Dr. Bernhard Weisser (Vorsitzender der Gesellschaft), Münzkabinett der Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin, Bodestrasse 1-3, D-10178 Berlin, E-mail: b.weisser@smb.spk-berlin.de

Dr. Andreas Kaiser, Geschäftsführer im Hause Fritz Rudolf Künker in Osnabrück, unterstützt die Gesellschaft als 2.Vorsitzender.

317


eLive Auction NEU Mit unseren eLive Auctions bieten wir Ihnen die Möglichkeit, direkt und unkompliziert über das Internet an regelmäßigen Auktionen mit einem virtuellen Auktionator live teilzunehmen.

NEW With our eLive Auctions, we offer you a direct and easy opportunity to participate in regular auctions live over the Internet.

Bequem von zuhause oder unterwegs können Sie Vorgebote abgeben und abschließend – ganz wie in einer echten Auktion im Bieterwettstreit mit anderen – den Ausgang der Auktionen live am Bildschirm für sich entscheiden.

From the convenience of your own home or when travelling, you can submit preliminary bids, and up to the last moment of the sale – as in a real auction, vying with other bidders – you can win auctions live on your computer screen.

Weitere Informationen erhalten Sie unter www.elive-auction.de/hilfe

Additional information is available at www.elive-auction.com/help

Künker eLive Auction: live auf www.elive-auction.de

318


Bernd Kluge Die Münzen König Friedrichs II. von Preußen (1740 –1786) Auf Grundlage der Werke Friedrich Freiherr von Schrötters neu bearbeitet. Unter Mitarbeit von Elke Bannicke und Renate Vogel

Berliner Numismatische Forschungen. Neue Folge Band 10 Gebr. Mann Verlag · Berlin 2012 Gebunden, 21 × 29,7 cm, 416 Seiten, € 49,00 ISBN 978-3-7861-2667-6

Das Buch verbindet den Bestandskatalog des Berliner Münzkabinetts (3.597 Münzen) mit einer Gesamtkatalogisierung der Münzen Friedrichs des Großen und einer Darstellung der Münzgeschichte. Im Katalog sind alle Typen, Varianten und Jahrgänge beschrieben und über 1.500 Münzen abgebildet. Münzkommentare bieten Hintergründe und Prägezahlen zu den einzelnen Emissionen, in Tabellen sind Münzsorten, Münzfüße und Prägemengen zusammengefasst. Die münzgeschichtliche Darstellung zeichnet auf der Grundlage der Werke des verdienten Erforschers der preußischen Münzgeschichte Friedrich Freiherr von Schrötter (1862–1944) die wesentlichen Entwicklungen nach und bietet eine Neubewertung der Münzpolitik Friedrichs des Großen. Ein Dokumentenanhang fasst die dafür wichtigsten archivalischen Quellen zusammen. Als Separatum liegt dem Buch eine aktuelle Bewertungsliste der Münzen Friedrichs des Großen auf der Grundlage der Preisentwicklung der letzten fünfzig Jahre bei. Bestellungen an Fritz Rudolf Künker GmbH & Co. KG, Gutenbergstrasse 23, D-49076 Osnabrück Tel 0541 / 96 20 20

Fax 0541 / 96 20 222

service@kuenker.de

319


Leitfaden zur erfolgreichen schriftlichen Auktionsteilnahme • • • • •

Studieren Sie den Katalog sorgfältig und notieren Sie alle Lose, die interessant für Sie sind. Legen Sie für jedes Los Ihr persönliches Limit fest, das Sie maximal zu zahlen bereit sind. Füllen Sie das beiliegende Formular aus (siehe unten) und tragen Sie für jedes Los Ihr Höchstgebot ein. Schicken Sie uns Ihren Auftrag frühzeitig. Bei gleich hohen Geboten erhält das zuerst eingegangene Gebot den Zuschlag. Sie haben interessante Lose für insgesamt € 10.000,– gefunden, möchten jedoch nur € 2.000,– ausgeben. Kein Problem: Sie geben als Gesamtlimit (ohne Aufgeld) € 2.000,– an. • Wenn Sie Fragen haben: Die MitarbeiterInnen unserer Kundenbetreuung sind für Sie da: Telefon 0800 583 65 37 (gebührenfrei). • Wenn Sie telefonisch an unseren Auktionen teilnehmen möchten, ist das ab einer Schätzung von € 500,– pro Los möglich. Bitte teilen Sie uns diesen Wunsch mindestens einen Werktag vor Beginn der Versteigerung schriftlich mit.

Musterauftrag für schriftliche Gebote Name, Adresse, Telefon Ihre vollständige Anschrift ist wichtig, damit wir Ihren Auktionsauftrag annehmen und bearbeiten können. Ihre Telefonnummer brauchen wir, um Sie bei Rückfragen zu Ihren Geboten schnell erreichen zu können.

Ihre Kundennummer Die Angabe Ihrer Kundennummer unterstützt uns bei der Bearbeitung Ihres Auktionsauftrages. Viele Vorarbeiten für die Auktion werden dadurch einfacher und es werden Fehler vermieden.

Losnummern und Gebote Listen Sie alle Lose, für die Sie sich interessieren, mit ihrer Katalognummer auf und legen Sie für sich selbst fest, wie viel Sie bereit sind, für jedes einzelne Los zu bieten.

Ihr Limit pro Einzellos An dieser Stelle geben Sie an, was Sie für jedes einzelne Stück maximal bereit sind auszugeben.

„Oder“-Gebote Wenn Sie sich für mehrere Münzen interessieren, aber nur ein Stück davon erwerben wollen, können Sie Ihre Gebote einfach mit einem „Oder“ verbinden. Wichtig: bei den „Oder“Geboten können Sie nicht auf frühere Katalognummern zurückgreifen (z. B. 2890 oder 1558), da die Nr. 1558 dann bereits versteigert ist. Unterschreiben Sie Ihren Auktionsauftrag ... ... nachdem Sie Ihre Angaben noch einmal überprüft haben. Ihre Unterschrift ist wichtig, denn damit bestätigen Sie uns, dass sie tatsächlich teilnehmen wollen.

320

Überschreitung Ihrer Limits pro Einzellos In der Praxis zeigt sich, dass oft mehrere Bieter mit ihren Geboten dicht beieinander liegen. Deshalb empfiehlt es sich, an dieser Stelle einer geringfügigen Überschreitung Ihrer Gebote zuzustimmen. Dadurch erhöhen sich Ihre Chancen, im Wettbewerb mit anderen den Zuschlag zu erhalten.

Begrenzung Ihres Gesamtlimits Hier können sie die Gesamtsumme Ihrer Gebote begrenzen und festlegen, was Sie insgesamt maximal bereit sind auszugeben. Aufgeld und Mehrwertsteuer kommen später noch hinzu.

TEL +49 (0)541 96 20 20, FAX +49 (0)541 96 20 222, SERVICE@KUENKER.DE, WWW.KUENKER.DE


Wie entsteht der Preis einer Auktion? Der im Auktionskatalog angegebene Preis ist ein Schätzpreis, der durch unsere Experten festgelegt wurde. Das Mindestgebot liegt bei 80 % dieses Wertes. Die Zuschlagpreise sind oft deutlich höher als die Schätzpreise. Als Auktionshaus müssen wir bereits vor der Auktion alle schriftlichen Gebote koordinieren. Folgende Beispiele sind im Bietverfahren möglich: Beispiel 1 (Schätzpreis: € 1.000,–) Es liegt kein schriftlicher Auftrag vor: Der Auktionator ruft das Los in der Auktion mit € 800,– aus. Wenn im Saal nur ein Bieter darauf ein Gebot abgibt, erhält der Saalbieter den Zuschlag für € 800,–.

Beispiel 3 (Schätzpreis: € 1.000,–) Es liegt dem Auktionator nur ein schriftliches Gebot von € 850,– vor: Das Los wird in der Auktion mit € 800,– ausgerufen. Falls kein Bieter im Saal ein Gegenangebot abgibt, erhält der schriftliche Bieter den Zuschlag bei € 800,–.

Beispiel 2 (Schätzpreis: € 1.000,–) Es liegen dem Auktionator drei schriftliche Gebote vor:

Beispiel 4 (Schätzpreis: € 1.000,–) Es liegt dem Auktionator nur ein schriftliches Gebot von € 1.200,– vor: Der Auktionator ruft das Los mit € 800,– aus. Gibt es im Saal keinen Gegenbieter, erhält der schriftliche Bieter den Zuschlag bei € 800,–. Falls es im Saal Gegenbieter gibt, bietet der Auktionator für seinen schriftlichen Bieter bis maximal € 1.200,– und erteilt einem Gegenbieter im Saal erst bei mehr als € 1.200,– den Zuschlag.

Bieter 1: Limit € 2.900,– Bieter 2: Limit € 1.800,– Bieter 3: Limit € 800,– Nach der Versteigerungsordnung muss der Auktionator im Interesse von Bieter 1 und 2 angemessen überbieten (um ca. 5 bis 10 %). Der Ausrufpreis in der Auktion beträgt daher im Interesse von Bieter 1 € 1.900,– (obwohl die Schätzung € 1.000,– beträgt). Falls keine höheren Gebote aus dem Saal erfolgen, erhält Bieter 1 den Zuschlag für € 1.900,–. Das Höchstangebot von € 2.900,– musste nicht ausgeschöpft werden.

Beispiel 5 (Schätzpreis: € 1.000,–) Es liegen drei Gebote von je € 975,– vor: Um Missverständnisse zu vermeiden, überzieht der Auktionator das zuerst eingegangene Gebot geringfügig und erteilt den Zuschlag bei € 1.000,–.

Antworten auf Fragen, die uns oft gestellt werden • Zuschlagpreis/Aufgeld: Wir berechnen für Kunden in Deutschland und Ländern der Europäischen Union ein Aufgeld von 23 % auf den Zuschlagpreis, darin ist die gesetzliche Mehrwertsteuer enthalten. Wir berechnen Kunden in Drittländern, z. B. Norwegen, Russland, Schweiz, USA, ein Aufgeld von 20 %, wenn die Münzen durch uns exportiert werden. Beispiel 1, Kunde in Deutschland

Zuschlagpreis Aufgeld 23 % (inkl. MwSt) Versandkosten, z. B. * Rechnungs-Betrag

€ € € €

100,00 23,00 5,90 128,90

Beispiel 2, Kunde in Russland

Zuschlagpreis Aufgeld 20 % Versandkosten, z. B. * Rechnungs-Betrag

€ 1.000,00 € 200,00 € 15,00 € 1.215,00

• Mehrwertsteuer: In Deutschland und Ländern der Europäischen Union ist die Mehrwertsteuer im Rechnungsbetrag enthalten. In Ausnahmefällen unterliegen die Objekte der Vollbesteuerung. Das wird durch eine Liste im Auktionskatalog angezeigt. Seit dem 01.01.2000 sind viele Goldmünzen, die nach 1800 geprägt wurden, steuerfrei. In diesem Fall berechnen wir ein Aufgeld in Höhe von 15 %. Bei Fragen zu der MwSt.-Berechnung rufen Sie uns an, gebührenfrei unter: 0800 583 65 37. • Rücklosverkauf: Alle Lose, die in der Auktion nicht verkauft wurden, können Sie innerhalb von vier Wochen nach der Versteigerung zu 80 % des Schätzpreises (zzgl. 23 % Aufgeld inkl. Mehrwertsteuer) erwerben. Achtung: Viele Rücklose sind schnell vergriffen. • Unser Spezialservice: Alle Bieter erhalten gratis die Ergebnisliste innerhalb von zwei Wochen nach der Auktion. Im Internet können Sie die Ergebnisliste der Auktion sofort nach der Auktion unter www.kuenker.de einsehen. * Die Kosten für Versand und Versicherung werden nach Aufwand berechnet.

Besuchen Sie uns doch einmal persönlich auf der Auktion! • Wir freuen uns sehr, wenn Sie persönlich nach Osnabrück kommen möchten. Das Flair einer Auktion und die Stimmung im Auktionssaal sind ein besonderes Erlebnis für Sie als Sammler. Osnabrück ist außerdem immer eine Reise wert und die persönliche Betreuung durch unsere Mitarbeiter wissen immer mehr Kunden zu schätzen. • Bitte rufen Sie uns rechtzeitig an, damit wir Ihnen Tipps für die Anreise geben und Ihnen ein Hotelzimmer reservieren können. Sie erreichen uns gebührenfrei unter: 0800 583 65 37. • Als erfolgreicher Bieter können Sie Ihre neu erworbenen Stücke gleich persönlich mit nach Hause nehmen. Als guter Kunde unseres Hauses haben Sie 20 Tage Zahlungsziel nach der Auktion.

TEL +49 (0)541 96 20 20, FAX +49 (0)541 96 20 222, SERVICE@KUENKER.DE, WWW.KUENKER.DE

321


Важная информация об участии на аукционе • Наши аукционные правила и условия Вы можете найти в конце каталога. • Мы просим Вас присылать Ваши ставки заранее. В противном случае вероятность ошибки при обработке заказа, присланного перед самым аукционом, возрастает. • Приложенный образец заполнения письменного заказа поможет Вам при отправлении Ваших письменных ставок. Ставки можно отправить как по почте, так и по факсу : +49 (0)541–96 20 222 круглосуточно. • Успешные заказы будут обрабатываться в порядке их поступления к нам. Все участники, которым не удалось что-либо купить на аукционе, будут также проинформированы после аукциона. • Если Вы впервые принимаете участие в нашем аукционе, то мы рекомендуем Вам сообщить нам Ваш референц – аукционные дома, с которыми Вы уже сотрудничали. Или свяжитесь с нами по телефону. • Мы гарантируем подлинность всех предметов, проданных на нашем аукционе, в течении неограниченного времени. • Все участники нашего аукциона получают в течении 2-ух недель результаты торгов бесплатно. • У Вас есть вопросы по определенной монете? Вы хотели бы лично принять участие в аукционе? У Вас возникли другие вопросы? Звоните нам по телефону +49 (0)541-96 20 268, и мы будем рады Вам помочь.

Мое заочное участие на аукционе • • • •

Тщательно изучите наш каталог и запишите те лоты, которые Вас заинтересовали. Определите для Себя ту максимальную сумму, которую Вы готовы заплатить за каждый лот. Заполните приложенный формуляр. Отправьте нам Ваш заказ заранее. При 2-ух и более равных ставок на один и тот же лот преимущество получает ставка, пришедшая к нам первой ( ранее других ). • Если стоимость выбранных Вами лотов составляет например 10.000 евро, а Вы могли бы потратить только 2.000 евро, то в этом случае укажите Ваш общий лимит в размере 2.000 евро. • Если у Вас возникли вопросы по заполнению формуляра, звоните нам по телефону +49 (0)541-96 20 268. Наши сотрудники будут рады Вам помочь.

Мое личное участие в Оснабрюке • Мы будем рады Вашему личному присутствию в Оснабрюке. Атмосфера, которая стоит во время аукционных торгов в зале, особенная и непередаваемая. • Для получения более подробной информации по Вашей поездке в Оснабрюк, в частности, бронирования номеров в гостинице, мы просим Вас заранее связаться с нами по телефону: +49 (0)541-96 20 268. • Приобретенные на аукционе лоты Вы можете лично забрать после окончания торгов. Наши постоянные клиенты осуществляют оплату в течение 20 дней после получения счета. Участвующие в аукционе впервые осуществляют 100%-ую предоплату.

Участие по интернету Все каталоги доступны для просмотра на нашем сайте в интернете по адресу www.kuenker.de. На сайте Вы можете выбрать интересующие Вас лоты и отправить Ваши ставки на нашу электронную почту service@kuenker.de. Если у Вас возникнут дополнительные вопросы, мы просим Вас связаться с нами по телефону +49 (0)5 41-96 20 268.

Участие по телефону Для участия в торгах по телефону просим Вас связаться с нами не позднее 48 часов до начала аукциона. Условием проведения телефонных торгов является письменное подтверждение ставки, равной как минимум стартовой цене. Участие в телефонных торгах возможно только для лотов со стартовой ценой свыше 500 евро. Для получения дополнительной информации и регистрации на аукционе звоните Анастасии Кепселль до аукциона по телефону +49 (0)5 41-96 20 268 и во время аукциона по телефону, указанному на первой странице каталога.

322

TEL +49 (0)541 96 20 20, FAX +49 (0)541 96 20 222, SERVICE@KUENKER.DE, WWW.KUENKER.DE


Как образовывается цена на аукционе? • Все лоты в нашем каталоге были предварительно оценены нашими экпертами. Минимальная ставка составляет 80 % от оценочной стоимости лота. Конечные цены зачастую намного превышают оценочные. • Ваши письменные ( заочные ) ставки должны быть обязательно обработаны нашими сотрудниками до начала аукциона. Рассмотрим несколько возможных примеров: Пример 1 ( Оценочная стоимость: € 1.000,– ) Заочных ставок нет. Аукционатор начинает торги с € 800,–. Если в зале только один человек, желающий приобрести этот лот, то соответственно он получит его за € 800,–. Пример 2 ( Оценочная стоимость: € 1.000,– ) У аукционатора имеются 3 заочные ставки: Заочный участник 1 : Лимит € 2.900,– Заочный участник 2 : Лимит € 1.800,– Заочный участник 3 : Лимит € 800,– По правилам аукциона аукционатор в интересах заочного участника 1 и 2 должен повышать ставку равномерно ( приблизительно на 5 – 10 % ). Поэтому в нашем случае в интересах заочного участника 1 аукционатор начнет торги с € 1.900,– ( хотя оценочная стоимость составляет € 1.000,–). Если среди очных участников никто не даст более высокую ставку, то заочный участник 1 получит этот лот за € 1.900,–. Его лимит в € 2.900,– ни в коем случае не будет исчерпан. Пример 3 (Оценочная стоимость: € 1.000,– ) У аукционатора имеется только 1 заочная ставка в размере € 850,–. Аукционатор начнет торги с € 800,–.

Если среди очных участников никто не даст более высокую ставку, то заочный участник получит этот лот за € 800,–. Пример 4 (Оценочная стоимость: € 1.000,– ) У аукционатора имеется только 1 заочная ставка в размере € 1.200,–. Аукционатор начнет торги с € 800,–. Если среди очных участников никто не даст более высокую ставку, то заочный участник получит этот лот за € 800,–. Если же в зале очный участник согласен на более высокую ставку ( больше € 800,– ), то в этом случае аукционатор в интересах заочного участника имеет право тоговаться до € 1.200,–. Следовательно только при ставке, превышающей € 1.200,–, данный лот получит очный участник в зале. Пример 5 (Оценочная стоимость: € 1.000,– ) У аукционатора имеются 3 заочные ставки, каждая в размере € 975,–. Среди очных участников интереса к лоту не имеется. В этом случае чтобы избежать недоразумений, аукционатор имеет право ненамного повысить лимит и сделать ставку равной € 1.000,–. Данный лот за € 1.000,– получит тот заочный участник, чей письменный формуляр мы получили раньше всего.

Ответы на часто задаваемые вопросы • Комиссионные для клиентов, проживающих в Евросоюзе составляют 23 % к удару молотка, эти проценты уже содержат НДС. Для наших клиентов, проживающих не в Евросоюзе ( например в Норвегии, России, Швейцарии, США ) комиссионные составляют 20 %, если экспорт будет осуществлен через фирму «Кюнкер». Пример 1, Удар молотка клиент из Комиссионные 23 % Евросоюза Почтовые расходы Rechnungs-Betrag

€ € € €

100,00 23,00 5,90 128,90

Пример 2, клиент из России

Удар молотка Комиссионные 20 % Почтовые расходы Rechnungs-Betrag

€ 1.000,00 € 200,00 € 15,00 € 1.215,00

• Непроданные на аукционе лоты Вы можете приобрести в течение 4 недель за 80 % от их оценочной стоимости, прибавив к ним комиссионные и почтовые расходы.

Как я могу получить приобретенные лоты? Вывоз приобретенных на аукционе предметов осуществляется одним из следующих способов по Вашему выбору: • Вы можете лично забрать Ваши лоты. По окончании торгов мы готовим все необходимые документы на вывоз из Германии. При вывозе за пределы Евросоюза, НДС Вам возвращается. • Почтовые отправки в Россию ( Беларусь, Украину ) приобретенных Вами лотов осуществляются по предварительной договоренности. Для связи с нами звоните нам по телефону +49 (0)541-96 20 268. С 1971 года имя Кюнкер является гарантией надежности и компетентности. Мы не станем изменять нашим принципам и в будущем. Спасибо Вам за Ваше доверие, которое является не только самым сильным стимулом в нашей работе, но и наилучшей ее оценкой. Я желаю Вам успехов на нашем аукционе!

Фриц-Рудольф Кюнкер

TEL +49 (0)541 96 20 20, FAX +49 (0)541 96 20 222, SERVICE@KUENKER.DE, WWW.KUENKER.DE

323


Versteigerungsbedingungen Wir versteigern als Kommissionär im eigenen Namen und für Rechnung der Einlieferer, die unbenannt bleiben. Durch die Teilnahme an der Versteigerung werden die Versteigerungsbedingungen anerkannt. Der Zuschlagpreis bildet die Berechnungsgrundlage für das vom Käufer zu zahlende Aufgeld. Für Käufer aus EU-Ländern gilt: Für Verbraucher wird einheitlich ein Aufgeld von 23 % (im Gesamtbetrag ist die gesetzliche Umsatzsteuer enthalten) erhoben. Für Unternehmer i. S. d. UStG wird bei differenzbesteuerter Ware ein Aufgeld von 23 % erhoben (im Gesamtbetrag ist die gesetzliche Umsatzsteuer bereits enthalten), bei regelbesteuerter Ware ein Aufgeld von 20 % (zzgl. gesetzlicher Umsatzsteuer auf Gesamtbetrag von Zuschlag und Aufgeld). Ausfuhrlieferungen in EU-Länder können bei Vorlage der gesetzlichen Voraussetzungen von der Umsatzsteuer befreit sein. Für Käufer mit Wohnsitz in Drittländern (außerhalb der EU) gilt: Das Aufgeld beträgt einheitlich 20 %. Wird die Ware vom Käufer selbst oder durch Dritte in Drittländer ausgeführt, wird die gesetzliche Umsatzsteuer berechnet, jedoch bei Vorlage der gesetzlich geforderten Ausfuhrnachweise erstattet. Führen wir diese Ware selbst in Drittländer aus, wird die gesetzliche Umsatzsteuer nicht berechnet. Für Goldmünzen, die von der gesetzlichen Umsatzsteuer befreit sind, wird ein Aufgeld von 15 % berechnet. Im Ausland anfallende (Einfuhr-)Umsatzsteuer und Zölle trägt in jedem Fall der Käufer. Die Versandkosten werden dem Käufer nach Aufwand berechnet. Der Zuschlag erfolgt nach dreimaligem Ausruf des höchsten Gebotes und verpflichtet zur unverzüglichen Abnahme der Ware. Bei Vorlage besonderer Gründe können wir den Zuschlag verweigern oder uns vorbehalten. Geben mehrere Bieter gleich hohe Gebote ab, können wir nach freiem Ermessen einem Bieter den Zuschlag erteilen, durch Los über den Zuschlag entscheiden oder die Nummer noch einmal ausrufen. Der Versteigerer ist berechtigt, aus wichtigem Grund Nummern zu vereinigen oder zu trennen, in einer anderen als der im Katalog vorgesehenen Reihenfolge aufzurufen oder zurückziehen. Erfolgt ein Zuschlag unter Vorbehalt, erlischt das Gebot mit Ablauf von 4 Wochen ab dem Tag des Zuschlags, es sei denn, wir haben dem Bieter innerhalb dieser Frist die vorbehaltlose Annahme des Gebotes mitgeteilt. Das Eigentum an der Ware geht erst mit vollständiger Bezahlung auf den Käufer über. Sofern nichts anderes vereinbart wird, ist der Kaufpreis von anwesenden Käufern sofort, bei schriftlichen bzw. telefonischen Bietern spätestens 20 Tage nach Erhalt der Rechnung zu zahlen. Bei Zahlungsverzug werden Zinsen i. H. v. 1 % pro Monat berechnet. Verweigert der Käufer ernsthaft und endgültig die Abnahme der Ware, können wir vom Kaufvertrag zurücktreten und Schadensersatz verlangen mit der Maßgabe, dass wir den Gegenstand nochmals versteigern und unseren Schaden in derselben Weise wie bei Zahlungsverzug des Käufers geltend machen können, ohne dass dem Käufer ein Mehrerlös aus der erneuten Versteigerung zusteht. Der Versand erfolgt auf Wunsch und nach den Anweisungen des Käufers und auf seine Kosten und Gefahr. Die Mindeststeigerungsstufen für das Bietungsverfahren betragen: bis zu bis zu bis zu bis zu bis zu bis zu bis zu bis zu bis zu ab

€ 100,– € 200,– € 500,– € 1.000,– € 2.000,– € 5.000,– € 10.000,– € 20.000,– € 50.000,– € 50.000,–

€ 5,– € 10,– € 20,– € 50,– € 100,– € 200,– € 500,– € 1.000,– € 2.000,– € 5.000,– (bzw. 10 %)

Wir berücksichtigen bestmöglich schriftliche oder fernmündliche Angebote bzw. Angebote übers Internet und behandeln diese grundsätzlich gleich wie Angebote aus dem Versteigerungssaal. Aufträge von uns unbekannten Sammlern können wir nur ausführen, wenn ein Depot hinterlegt wird oder Referenzen benannt werden. Schriftliche Gebote können nur bis 24 Stunden vor Auktionsbeginn berücksichtigt werden, telefonische Bieter müssen sich mindestens zwei Werktage vor der Auktion voranmelden.

324

Im Bedarfsfall sind wir berechtigt, die Limits um 3 – 5 % zu überschreiten. Gebote, die unter 80 % des Schätzpreises liegen, werden nicht berücksichtigt. Unlimitierte Aufträge haben keinen Anspruch auf unbedingte Ausführung. Schriftliche, fernmündliche und Internet-Gebote werden von uns ohne Auftragsprovision ausgeführt; sie müssen den Gegenstand mit Katalognummer und des gebotenen Preises, der sich als Zuschlagsumme ohne Aufgeld und Umsatzsteuer versteht, benennen und sind bindend. Unklarheiten oder Ungenauigkeiten gehen zu Lasten des Bieters. Wir übernehmen für diese Gebote jedoch keinerlei Haftung, insbesondere nicht für das Zustandekommen und die Aufrechterhaltung von Telekommunikationsverbindungen oder/und Übermittlungsfehlern, ebenso wenig für Ausfall- und Verzögerungszeiten, verursacht durch Wartungen und Wiederherstellungen des jeweiligen Servers, durch Störungen und Probleme im Internetverkehr, durch höhere Gewalt, sowie weitere Störungen, die durch Umstände begründet sind, die außerhalb unserer Verantwortung liegen. Dies gilt nicht für den Fall, dass uns hieran der Vorwurf grober Fahrlässigkeit oder Vorsatz trifft. Die Katalogbeschreibungen sind keine vertraglich vereinbarten Beschaffenheiten i. S. d. § 434 BGB, sondern dienen lediglich zur Information und zur Abgrenzung der Ware. Die Angabe der Erhaltung ist streng nach den im deutschen Münzhandel üblichen Erhaltungseinstufungen vorgenommen und eine persönliche Beurteilung. Die Echtheit der Stücke wird gewährleistet, sofern nichts Gegenteiliges im Katalog oder bei der Versteigerung angegeben wird; hier haften wir für einen insoweit entstandenen Schaden bis zur Höhe des Kaufpreises. Im Übrigen übernehmen wir keine Rechts- oder Sachmängel bezüglich der im Katalog aufgeführten Ware. Wir geben durch Vorbesichtigung Gelegenheit, sich vom Erhaltungszustand der Ware zu überzeugen. Fehler, die sich bereits aus den Abbildungen ergeben, berechtigen nicht zur Beanstandung. Bei der Auktion anwesende Käufer kaufen grundsätzlich »wie besehen«. Bei Losen mit mehreren Stücken sind die Stückzahlen nur ca.-Angaben. Gewährleistungsansprüche wegen Sach- und Rechtsmängeln oder irrtümlichen Zuschreibungen sind ausgeschlossen. Innerhalb der gesetzlichen Gewährleistungsfrist vorgetragene und begründete Mängelrügen des Käufers leiten wir jedoch unverzüglich an den Einlieferer der bemängelten Sache weiter. Nach unserer Wahl treten wir unsere gegen den Einlieferer aus der Verletzung des Kommissionsvertrages zustehenden Ansprüche an den Käufer ab bzw. stellen den Käufer durch Rückabwicklung des Kaufvertrages schadlos, wobei ein über die Erstattung des Kaufpreises darüber hinausgehender Anspruch des Käufers ausgeschlossen ist. Wenn Sie die von uns erworbene Ware einem Grading Service übergeben wollen, übernehmen wir keine Garantie, dass die Münzen dort angenommen oder entsprechend unserer Bewertung eingestuft werden. Schadensersatzansprüche des Käufers gegen uns sind – gleich aus welchem Rechtsgrund – ausgeschlossen. Dies gilt nicht für Schäden, die auf einem vorsätzlichen oder grob fahrlässigen Verhalten von uns, unseren gesetzlichen Vertretern oder Erfüllungsgehilfen beruhen bzw. ihre Ursache in der Verletzung von vertraglichen Kardinalpflichten haben; im letzteren Fall ist Haftung jedoch auf den vorhersehbaren, vertragstypischen Schaden beschränkt. Die Haftung für Schäden aus der Verletzung des Lebens, des Körpers oder der Gesundheit bleibt unberührt. Der Käufer kann nicht aufrechnen, es sei denn, seine Gegenansprüche sind rechtskräftig festgestellt, unbestritten oder von uns anerkannt. Zurückbehaltungsrechte des Käufers sind ebenfalls ausgeschlossen, es sei denn, er ist nicht Unternehmer i. S. d. § 14 BGB und sein Gegenanspruch beruht auf demselben Vertragsverhältnis. Es gilt ausschließlich das Recht der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Das Übereinkommen der Vereinten Nationen über Verträge über den internationalen Warenkauf (CISG) findet keine Anwendung. Gegenüber Unternehmern i. S. d. § 14 BGB und Käufern ohne allgemeinen Gerichtsstand im Inland ist Erfüllungsort und ausschließlicher Gerichtsstand bei allen aus dem Vertragsverhältnis unmittelbar oder mittelbar sich ergebenden Streitigkeiten Osnabrück. Sollte eine der Bestimmungen ganz oder teilweise unwirksam sein oder werden, bleibt die Gültigkeit der übrigen davon unberührt. Die unwirksame ist durch eine wirksame zu ersetzen, die dem wirtschaftlichen Gehalt und Zweck der unwirksamen Bestimmung am nächsten kommt. Gleiches gilt für eine Lücke. Soweit die Versteigerungsbedingungen in mehreren Sprachen vorliegen, ist stets die deutsche Fassung maßgebend.

TEL +49 (0)541 96 20 20, FAX +49 (0)541 96 20 222, SERVICE@KUENKER.DE, WWW.KUENKER.DE


Terms and Conditions of Auction We auction goods as commission agent in our own name and for account of not named consignors. Participation in the auction shall be deemed express acknowledgement of these Terms and Conditions of Auction. The hammer price is the basis for the calculation of the buyer’s surcharge. For buyers from EEC countries the following applies: for consumers there is a standard surcharge of 23 % (relevant VAT already included). For traders according to the Value Added Tax Act the surcharge is 23 % (relevant VAT already included) for goods delivered by difference taxation; for goods delivered by standard taxation the surcharge is 20 % plus the relevant VAT on the entire amount of hammer price and surcharge. Export deliveries to EEC countries shall be free of VAT on existence of the respective legal requirements. For buyers from abroad (no EEC country) the following applies: there is a standard surcharge of 20 %. As far those buyers export the good in person or by third persons, the relevant VAT will be charged but refunded by presentation of the legal export certificate. In case we export these goods the relevant VAT will not be charged. For gold coins, which are not subject to the legal VAT, the surcharge is 15 % of the hammer price. Foreign taxes and custom duties shall be carried by buyer as well as shipping expenses charged according to effort. The hammer shall fall after the highest bid has been called out three times. The knockdown shall oblige to take immediately delivery of the goods. Upon good cause shown we can refuse or reserve the knock down. In the event of several equal bids we have the right to knock down at our own discretion, to decide by drawing lots or re-open the bidding. The auctioneer reserves the right to combine or to separate lots for good cause. In case of a reserved knock down the bid expires four weeks after the knock down unless we informed the bidder within this period of the unreserved acceptance. Ownership of the goods shall not pass until full payment. Unless mutually agreed otherwise, payment of the auction bill from buyers present at the auction is due immediately, for other buyers within 20 days after receipt of the bill. Defaulted payments shall bear an interest charge of 1 % per month in the amount in default. In case buyer is in default with the obligation and does not take over the goods in spite of a written deadline, or refuses to take over, we can withdraw from contract and claim damage provided that the item may be put again to auction at this buyer’s cost. In this event the buyer shall be liable for any shortfall, while he shall have no right or claim towards any excess proceeds. The shipment (by mail or otherwise) of the goods shall be for sole cost and risk of the purchaser or recipient, respectively. The minimum rates of increase for the bidding procedure are: up to up to up to up to up to up to up to up to up to above

€ 100.– € 200.– € 500.– € 1,000.– € 2,000.– € 5,000.– € 10,000.– € 20,000.– € 50,000.– € 50,000.–

€ 5.– € 10.– € 20.– € 50.– € 100.– € 200.– € 500.– € 1,000.– € 2,000.– € 5,000.– (respectively 10 %)

If necessary, we are allowed to increase the bids by 3 – 5 %. Bids amounting to less than 80 % of the estimate shall not be executed. Unlimited bids shall not oblige us to consider, accept or carry out such order. Written orders or those via telephone or Internet will be carried out without charge of an extra commission; they shall name the item with catalog number and the bid price and are binding. Ambiguities shall be carried by the bidder. We do not assume any liability for such bids, especially not for connecting and keeping up telephone lines and/or transmission errors, as well as not for off times and lag times, caused by attendance and restore of the server, by errors and problems of the Internet, by force majeure or reason outside of our responsibility. This does not apply in case we are acting in intentional or grossly negligence. The descriptions of the goods in the catalog do not constitute any warranty or liability in the meaning of § 434 BGB but are provided as mere information. The state of preservation of items is strictly assessed in accordance with the grades accepted by the German coin trade and only represents an individual and personal assessment. The authenticity of the coins is warranted (up to the total purchase price) unless anything to the contrary is noted in the catalog or the auction. In other respects, any and all warranty claims based on material defects of quality and defects of title are excluded. In view of the opportunity of prior inspection to ascertain the state and condition of the auction lots, complaints of errors resulting of the images are excluded. Buyers present at the auction acquire items strictly on the basis of »as is where is« and »as inspected«. If and when auctioned in lots, the quantities of individual pieces given, only represent an approximate figure. Any and all warranty claims based on material defects of quality and defects of title or on an error in the allocation of individual pieces to a certain lot are excluded. We forward quality complaints to the deliverer claimed within the legal period of warranty. To our own choice we assign possible claims resulting out of the commission contract to buyer or compensate buyer by unwinding of contract, at which a claim of buyer exceeding the purchase price is excluded. In case buyer intends to deliver goods to a Grading Service, we do not guarantee the respective acceptance or the classifying according to our valuation. Damage claims of buyer – irrespective of legal basis – are excluded. This shall not apply for damages resulting out of our intentional or grossly negligent conduct of our legal representatives respectively are caused in the breach of contractual cardinal obligations; to this degree, liability is limited to damages that are foreseeable and typical for this type of contract. This shall not effect our liability for damages to life, limb, or health. Offsetting counterclaims of buyer are excluded, unless the claim is uncontested or has been declared legally valid by court. Retentions rights of buyer are excluded unless he is not a trader (§ 14 BGB) and his counterclaim results from the same contractual relationship. This Agreement shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of Germany. The UN Convention (CISG) on the International Sale of Goods shall not apply. Against traders (§ 14 BGB) and purchasers from abroad the exclusive jurisdiction shall be the Court of Osnabrück in relation to any dispute or claim arising out of or in connection with the purchase. The German version of these conditions shall be the legally binding. The invalidity or inefficiency of any provision shall not effect the validity of all other provisions. In lieu of the invalid or inefficient provision or for the purpose of closing the gap, a reasonable provision shall apply.

We carry out best possible written or orders via telephone or internet and treat them equal to orders to present bidders. Orders from collectors unknown to the auctioneer can only be accepted and carried out if a deposit or references to the satisfaction on the auctioneer are given. To be bindingly accepted, written bids need to be received at least 24 hours before auction, bidders via telephone need to be registered at the latest two work days before auction.

TEL +49 (0)541 96 20 20, FAX +49 (0)541 96 20 222, SERVICE@KUENKER.DE, WWW.KUENKER.DE

325


Numismatische Ausdrücke/Numismatic Terms/Expressions Numismatiques/ Termini di Numismatica/Нумизматические Термины DEUTSCH

ENGLISH

FRANCAIS

ITALIANO

RUSSKIJ

Abschlag Am Rand Berieben Blei Dezentriert Doppelschlag Einfassung Einseitig Emailliert Erhaltung Etwas Exemplar Fassungsspuren Fehlprägung

struck at the rim/border slightly polished lead uncentered double struck frame uniface enamelled condition/preservation slightly specimen, copy trace of mounting mis-strike

frappe en tranche frotté plomb décentré double frappe encadrement uniface émaillé conservation un peu exemplaire traces de monture défaut de frappe

coniazione al bordo trattato piombo non centrato ribattitura cornice uniface smaltato conservazione un poco esemplare tracce di montatura difetto di coniazione

Feld(er) Gedenkmünze Geglättet Gelocht Geprägt Gewellt Goldpatina Henkelspur Hübsch Jahrh. = Jahrhundert Kl. = klein Korrosionsspuren Kratzer Kupfer Legierung Leicht(e) l. = links Min. = minimal Nachahmung Prachtexemplar Prägeschwäche Randdelle Randfehler Randschrift r. = rechts Rückseite

field(s) commemorative coin tooled holed minted bent golden patina mount mark attractive century small traces of corrosion scratch(es) copper alloy slightly left minimal imitation attractive, perfect piece weakly struck edge nick edge faults lettered edge to right reverse

champ monnaie commémorative retouché troué frappé ondulé patine dorée trace de monture joli siècle petit traces de corrosion rayure cuivre alliage légèrement gauche minime imitation pièce magnifique de frappe faible défaut sur la tranche défaut sur la tranche tranche inscrite droite revers

campo moneta commemorativa liscio bucato coniato ondolato patina d´oro tracce di appicagnolo carino secolo piccolo segni di corrosione graffio(i) rame lega leggero sinistra minimamente contraffazione esemplare magnifico conio stanco ammaccatura al bordo errore nel bordo inscrizione sul bordo destra rovescio

оттиск на гурте потертая свинец ассиметричный двойной чекан кайма односторонняя эмалированная сохранность слегка экземпляр следы обработки ошибка в процессе чеканки поле памятная монета отглаженная проколатая отчеканенная волнистая золотая патина следы от ушка красивая столетие маленький следы коррозии царапина медь сплав легкий слева минимальный имитация превосходный экземпляр издержкн при чеканкe вмятина на гурте ошибка на гурте гуртовая надпись справа реверс

326

TEL +49 (0)541 96 20 20, FAX +49 (0)541 96 20 222, SERVICE@KUENKER.DE, WWW.KUENKER.DE


DEUTSCH

ENGLISH

FRANCAIS

ITALIANO

RUSSKIJ

Schriftspuren

traces of inscription

traces de légende

tracce di leggenda

Schrötling Schrötlingsfehler Schwach ausgeprägt Selten in dieser Erhaltung

flan flan defect weakly struck rare in this condition

flan flan défectueux de frappe faible rare en cet état

tondello errore di tondello conio stanco conservazione rara

Seltener Jahrgang Stempel Stempelfehler Überdurchschnittlich erhalten Überprägt Unediert Unikum Vergoldet Von allergrößter Seltenheit Vorderseite Winz.= winzig Zain Zierrand Zinn ziseliert

rare year die(s) mistake in the die extraordinary condition

année rare coin erreur de frappe conservation extraordinaire

overstruck unpublished unique specimen gilt extremely rare averse tiny flan ornamental border tin chased

surfrappé inédit unique doré de toute rareté en face petit flan tranche ornée étain ciselé

annata rara conio errore di conio conservazione estraordinaria ribattuto inedito pezzo unico dorato di estrema raritá diritto veramente piccolo tondello taglio ornato stagno cesellato

следы предыдущей надписи заготовка брак заготовки слабо отчеканeна редкая в такой сохранности редкий год штамп ошибка штампа сохранность выше среднего перечекан неопубликованная монета уникальная позолоченная наиредчайшая аверс незначительный заготовка декоративный гурт цинк гравированный

Erhaltungsgrade/Grading Terms/Degrès de Conservation/Gradi di Conservazione/ Шкала сохранности DEUTSCH

ENGLISH

FRANCAIS

ITALIANO

RUSSKIJ

Polierte Platte Stempelglanz Vorzüglich Sehr schön Schön Gering erhalten

Proof Uncirculated Extremely fine Very fine Fine Very good

Flan bruni Fleur de coin Superbe Très beau Beau Très bien conservé

Fondo specchio Fior di conio Splendido Bellissimo Molto Bello Bello

полированная превосходная отличная очень хорошая хорошая удовлетворительная

Seltenheitsgrade/Rarity Terms/Degrés de Rareté/Grado di Raritá/ Шкала редкости DEUTSCH

ENGLISH

FRANCAIS

ITALIANO

RUSSKIJ

R = Selten RR = Sehr selten Von großer Seltenheit Von größter Seltenheit Von allergrößter Seltenheit Unediert

R = Rare RR = Very rare Very rare Extremely rare Extremely rare Unpublished

Rare Très rare De grande rareté Extrêmement rare De la plus extrême rareté Inédit

raro molto raro di grande raritá di grandissima raritá di estrema raritá inedito

редкая очень редкая большой редкости наибольшей редкости наиредчайшая ранее не описанная

TEL +49 (0)541 96 20 20, FAX +49 (0)541 96 20 222, SERVICE@KUENKER.DE, WWW.KUENKER.DE

327


IMPRESSUM NUMISMATISCHE BEARBEITUNG FOTOS LAYOUT DRUCK

Michael Autengruber Lübke & Wiedemann, Stuttgart danner pc - gesteuerte systeme waiblingen meister print und media, Kassel, September 2013 Jeglicher Nachdruck, auch auszugsweise, bedarf der Genehmigung des Auktionshauses

ZAHLUNGEN AUS DEM INLAND Deutsche Bank Osnabrück

(BLZ 265 700 90) Konto-Nummer 0 177 006

Commerzbank Osnabrück

(BLZ 265 800 70) Konto-Nummer 780 520 200

Sparkasse Osnabrück

(BLZ 265 501 05) Konto-Nummer 247 320

Volksbank eG Bad Laer-Borgloh-Hilter-Melle

(BLZ 265 624 90) Konto-Nummer 1 200 222 400

Bankhaus Lampe KG, Bielefeld

(BLZ 480 201 51) Konto-Nummer 174 076

Postbank Hannover HypoVereinsbank München Oldenburgische Landesbank AG Oldenburg Paypal

(BLZ 250 100 30) Konto-Nummer 2900 60-308 (BLZ 700 202 70) Konto-Nummer 24 17 952 (BLZ 280 200 50) Konto-Nummer 508 50338 00 paypal@kuenker.de, Service charge: 3,5 %

ZAHLUNGEN AUS DEM AUSLAND FOREIGN PAYMENTS Deutsche Bank Osnabrück

IBAN: DE11 2657 0090 0017 7006 00 Swift-Code: DEUTDE3B265

Sparkasse Osnabrück

IBAN: DE50 2655 0105 0000 2473 20 Swift-Code: NOLADE22XXX

Postbank Hannover

IBAN: DE73 2501 0030 0290 0603 08 Swift-Code: PBNKDEFF

Credit Suisse

IBAN: CH43 0483 5177 3509 0200 0 Swift-Code: CRESCHZZ80A

Credit Cards

We do accept VISA and MASTERCARD, Service charge: 4,5 %

Paypal

328

paypal@kuenker.de, Service charge: 3,5 %

Auktion 240 Künker  

Orders of Chivalry, Decorations and Medals – Estate of the Balck Officiers’ Family, Osnabrück, et al.

Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you