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Titelfoto (Nr. 2313) 

QUEDLINBURG, ABTEI Beatrix II. von Winzenburg, 1138-1160. Brakteat. 0,85 g. Mehl 58 (dieses Exemplar); Nau (Die Zeit der Staufer) 189.24.


AUKTION 205 1.000 Jahre Europäische Münzgeschichte Glanz und Faszination des Mittelalters

ZEIT

Montag, 12. März 2012 16.00 Uhr - 19.00 Uhr Dienstag, 13. März 2012 09.30 Uhr - 13.00 Uhr

ORT

Steigenberger Hotel Remarque Osnabrück, Natruper-Tor-Wall 1

AUKTIONS-TELEFON

+49 (0)541 60 96 633

AUKTIONS-FAX

+49 (0)541 60 96 634

Auktionen 204-209, März 2012 12. MÄRZ 2012

Auktion 204 Münzen aus der Welt der Antike

12./13. MÄRZ 2012

Auktion 205 1.000 Jahre Europäische Münzgeschichte Glanz und Faszination des Mittelalters

13.-15. MÄRZ 2012

Auktion 206 Münzen und Medaillen der Neuzeit

15. MÄRZ 2012

Auktion 207 Goldprägungen

15. MÄRZ 2012

Auktion 208 Schweden und seine Besitzungen Die Sammlung Julius Hagander, Teil 3

16. MÄRZ 2012

Auktion 209 Russische Münzen und Medaillen Deutsche Münzen ab 1871


Zeitplan/Timetable Auktion 204 Münzen aus der Welt der Antike

Montag, 12. März 2012 09.30 Uhr - 13.00 Uhr Nr. 1 bis Nr. 723 Kelten, Griechen, Römer: Römische Republik, Imperatoren, Kaiserzeit: Augustus - Didius Julianus 14.00 Uhr - 16.00 Uhr Nr. 724 bis Nr. 1113 Kaiserzeit: Septimius Severus - Basiliscus, Kontorniat, Lots Römer, Byzanz, Orient

Auktion 205 1.000 Jahre Europäische Münzgeschichte Glanz und Faszination des Mittelalters

16.00 Uhr - 19.00 Uhr Nr. 1251 bis Nr. 1864 Frühmittelalter, Hoch- und Spätmittelalter: Deutsches Reich Dienstag, 13. März 2012 09.30 Uhr - 13.00 Uhr Nr. 1865 bis Nr. 2563 Hoch- und Spätmittelalter: Deutsches Reich (Fortsetzung), Europa, Kreuzfahrer, Lots

Auktion 206 Münzen und Medaillen der Neuzeit

14.00 Uhr - 19.00 Uhr Nr. 2751 bis Nr. 3723 Europa, Übersee, Habsburgische ErblandeÖsterreich: Tirol, RDR, Kaiserreich Österreich, Lots Habsburg, Geistlichkeit: Olmütz Mittwoch, 14. März 2012 09.30 Uhr - 13.00 Uhr Nr. 3724 bis Nr. 4326 Geistlichkeit: Salzburg - Wien, Standesherren, Städte, Deutschland: Aachen - Brandenburg in Franken 14.00 Uhr - 19.00 Uhr Nr. 4327 bis Nr. 5393 Deutschland: Brandenburg-Preußen - Ostfriesland Donnerstag, 15. März 2012 09.00 Uhr - 11.30 Uhr Nr. 5394 bis Nr. 5878 Deutschland: Paderborn - Würzburg, Medaillen, Papiergeld, Prägewerkzeuge, Münzbecher, Lots, Literatur

Auktion 207 Goldprägungen

11.30 Uhr - 13.00 Uhr Nr. 6001 bis Nr. 6303 Europa: Albanien - Italien 14.00 Uhr - 17.30 Uhr Nr. 6304 bis Nr. 7069 Europa: Italien (Fortsetzung) - Zypern, Übersee, Habsburgische Erblande-Österreich, Deutschland, Goldmedaillen, Lots

Auktion 208 Schweden und seine Besitzungen Die Sammlung Julius Hagander Teil 3

Auktion 209 Russische Münzen und Medaillen Deutsche Münzen ab 1871 2

17.30 Uhr - 19.00 Uhr Nr. 7501 bis Nr. 7730 Freitag, 16. März 2012 09.30 Uhr - 13.00 Uhr Nr. 8001 bis Nr. 8511 14.00 Uhr - 16.30 Uhr Nr. 8514 bis Nr. 9019


Sehr geehrte Münzfreunde/Dear Coin Collectors, Ich wünsche Ihnen viel Freude mit unseren neuen Auktionskatalogen und hoffe, Sie finden einige schöne Stücke für Ihre Sammlung. Als Europas führendes Auktionshaus für Münzen, Medaillen und Orden hat sich unser Dienstleistungsspektrum für Sie als unsere Kunden stetig verbessert und erweitert. Einen kleinen Überblick über unsere Angebote finden Sie hier. I wish you a lot of pleasure with our new auction catalogues and I hope you will find a few additonal items for your collection. As Europe´s leading auction company for coins, medals and decorations our range of services for our customers has been steadily improving and expanding. Following is a short overview of our offers. Mit herzlichen Grüßen/With warm regards

Friti z Ru Frit Fr Rudo dolflff K do Kün ünke ün ker ke ker

AUKTIONEN/AUCTIONS Besuchen Sie unsere international bedeutenden Auktionen, die Ihnen viermal jährlich zahlreiche Raritäten bieten. Profitieren Sie als Bieter oder Einlieferer von unserer Erfahrung und Kompetenz. Visit our internationally recognized auctions which take place four times a year and offer many rarities. Benefit from our experience and competence while being a bidder or consigner. GOLDHANDEL/GOLD COIN TRADING Wir bieten Ihnen ein ständiges Angebot sowie den Ankauf von Anlagemünzen aus Deutschland, Europa und aller Welt zu fairen tagesaktuellen Preisen. We are constantly offering as well as purchasing a vast range of German, European and World bullion coins. We buy and sell gold assets at a fair, daily updated market price. ONLINE-SHOP Wir bieten Ihnen in unserem Online-Shop auf www.kuenker.de ein täglich aktualisiertes Münz-Angebot von der Antike bis zur Neuzeit. Kaufen Sie hier unkompliziert zum Festpreis und ohne Risiko. We offer you an exclusive daily updated selection of coins from ancient to modern times. You can order at www.kuenker.com without hassle or risk. eLIVE AUCTION Mit unseren eLive Auctions können Sie über das Internet an regelmäßigen Auktionen mit einem virtuellen Auktionator teilnehmen. Sie können Vorgebote bequem online abgeben und abschließend die Auktion live am Bildschirm für sich entscheiden. With our eLive Auctions, we offer you an opportunity to participate in regular auctions live over the Internet. You can submit preliminary bids online, and up to the last moment of the sale you can win auctions live on your computer screen. ORDEN UND EHRENZEICHEN/ORDERS AND DECORATIONS Einmal im Jahr findet unsere besondere Ordensauktion statt, die sich ganz den dekorativen Ehrenzeichen widmet. Profitieren Sie als Bieter oder Einlieferer von unserer Erfahrung und Kompetenz im Bereich Phaleristik. Once a year there is a special auction dedicated to medals and decorations. Benefit from our experience in the field of phaleristik becoming our bidder or consigner.

TEL +49 (0)541 96 20 20, FAX +49 (0)541 96 20 222, SERVICE@KUENKER.DE, WWW.KUENKER.DE

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Besichtigung/On View Die Besichtigung des Auktionsgutes kann nach vorheriger telefonischer Absprache erfolgen. Unser besonderer Service anlässlich der Numismata München 2012: Besichtigung von Freitag, 2. März bis Samstag, 3. März von 9.30 – 18.00 Uhr und Sonntag, 4. März von 9.30 – 16.00 Uhr in unseren Münchner Büroräumen am Maximiliansplatz 12a. Auction lots may be viewed by appointment only. Special service for our clients participating in the Numismata Munich 2012: Auction lot viewing is possible in our Munich office at Maximiliansplatz 12a from Friday, March 2 till Saturday, March 3 from 9.30 AM to 6.00 PM and on Sunday, March 4 from 9.30 AM to 4.00 PM.

KUENKER.DE

Online-Katalog/Online Catalogue Betrachten Sie unsere Auktionskataloge im Internet! Unter www.kuenker.de und www.sixbid.com haben Sie die Möglichkeit, Abbildungen zu vergrößern, Ihre Gebote direkt abzugeben und die Ergebnisse der Auktionen abzurufen. Please browse our auction catalogues at www.kuenker.com or at www.sixbid.com! You will have the possibility to zoom all images, to place your bids and to view all auction results online.

Künker-Service Wir sind mittlerweile mit neun eigenen Standorten in Deutschland und Europa vertreten. So können wir Ihnen unseren beliebten Künker-Service auch in Ihrer Nähe anbieten. Unsere Leistungen vor Ort: • Persönliche Beratung und Betreuung in Ihrer Nähe. • Sie können Ihre Münzen direkt einliefern oder verkaufen, ersteigerte Münzen abholen und sich nach Vereinbarung Einlieferungen auszahlen lassen. • Sie können sich von unserem Kooperationspartner auf den Künker-Auktionen vertreten lassen. We are now represented with nine locations in Germany and Europe so that we can also provide you the best service in your vicinity. Our local services: • You always have a point of contact nearby. • You can directly consign or sell your coins, collect purchases and receive by appointment payment for consignments. • You can have our cooperation partner represent you at our auctions. OSNABRÜCK Fritz Rudolf Künker GmbH & Co. KG Gutenbergstraße 23, 49076 Osnabrück Tel. +49 (0)541 96 20 20, E-Mail: service@kuenker.de Haupptstsititz Ha ititz in in Osn s abbrüückk

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USt-IdNr./VAT-No: DE256270181

TEL +49 (0)541 96 20 20, FAX +49 (0)541 96 20 222, SERVICE@KUENKER.DE, WWW.KUENKER.DE


Standorte/Locations

Drr. H D Huubert rt R Ruß uß

Fraannk Ri Fr Rich chharrds dsen en en

MÜNCHEN Künker Numismatik AG Löwengrube 12, 80333 München Dr. Hubert Ruß Tel. +49 (0)89 242 198 38, service@kuenker-numismatik.de Fritz Rudolf Künker GmbH & Co. KG Maximiliansplatz 12a, 80333 München Frank Richardsen Tel. +49 (0)89 242 16 990, frank.richardsen@kuenker.de BERLIN Fritz Rudolf Künker GmbH & Co. KG Poststraße 22, 10178 Berlin-Mitte Wollankstraße 117, 13187 Berlin-Pankow Michael Otto Tel. +49 (0)30 247 248 91, michael.otto@kuenker.de

M ch Mi chae aell Ot Otto tttoo

Rolaand nd Trraam mppe

HAMBURG Künker Hamburg, c/o Roland Trampe Roland Trampe Tel. +49 (0)541 96 20 20, roland.trampe@kuenker.de KONSTANZ Künker Konstanz, c/o Michael Autengruber Schulthaißstraße 10, 78462 Konstanz Michael Autengruber Tel. +49 (0)7531 28 44 69, michael.autengruber@kuenker.de

Michaeel Autengruubeer

Petr Kov Pe ovaljo jov

ZNOJMO Künker Znojmo, c/o Petr Kovaljov 17. Listopadu 18, 66902 Znojmo, Tschechische Republik Petr Kovaljov Tel. +42 (0)603 81 10 31, petr.kovaljov@kuenker.de ZÜRICH Künker Zürich, c/o Hess-Divo AG Löwenstraße 55, 8001 Zürich, Schweiz Ulf Künker Tel. +41 (0)44 225 40 90, zuerich@kuenker.de

Allekse Alek ekkseseyy O Onncchhuukkovv

MOSKAU Künker Moskau, c/o Russian Coin Co. Ltd. 2/21 Makarenko St., 123001 Moskau, Russland Aleksey Onchukov Tel. +7 (495) 589 56 10, aleksey.onchukov@kuenker.de

TEL +49 (0)541 96 20 20, FAX +49 (0)541 96 20 222, SERVICE@KUENKER.DE, WWW.KUENKER.DE

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Was ist für Ihre schriftliche Auktionsteilnahme besonders wichtig?

DEUTSCH

• Bitte senden Sie uns Ihre Aufträge möglichst frühzeitig zu. Wenn uns Ihr Auftrag erst kurz vor der Auktion erreicht, können sich bei der Bearbeitung Fehler einschleichen. Das beiliegende Formular erleichtert Ihnen die Abgabe eines schriftlichen Gebots. Gerne nehmen wir Ihre Gebote per Post, Fax oder Email entgegen. • Wenn Sie noch nicht bei uns gekauft haben, bitten wir Sie, uns als Referenz eine Münzhandlung anzugeben, mit der Sie bereits in Geschäftsverbindung stehen. • Wir gewährleisten die Echtheit aller verkauften Objekte auch über die gesetzliche Frist hinaus.

Sie möchten telefonisch an der Auktion teilnehmen? Die telefonische Teilnahme an der Auktion ist bei uns selbstverständlich möglich. Wir rufen Sie während der Auktion gerne an und helfen Ihnen, die gewünschten Stücke zu ersteigern. Aus organisatorischen Gründen bitten wir Sie, die folgenden Punkte zu beachten:

Ulrich Künker Leiter Kundenbetreuung

• Telefonisches Bieten ist nur bei Losen mit einer Taxe von mind. € 500,– möglich. • Bitte teilen Sie uns mindestens 48 Stunden vor der Auktion mit, zu welchen Stücken Sie angerufen werden möchten. • Bitte achten Sie darauf, dass Sie erreichbar sind, wenn Ihre Stücke versteigert werden. Der Zeitplan in diesem Katalog hilft Ihnen dabei, den Zeitpunkt der Versteigerung abzuschätzen. • Für den Fall, dass wir Sie nicht erreichen können, bieten wir in Ihrem Namen bis zur Höhe Ihres schriftlichen Gebotes, mindestens aber bis zur Höhe des Schätzpreises. • Bitte beachten Sie, dass telefonisches Bieten eine unsichere Variante der Auktionsteilnahme sein kann. Wir können keine Garantie für das Zustandekommen der telefonischen Verbindung übernehmen. Wenn Sie sicher gehen wollen, besuchen Sie bitte unsere Auktion persönlich oder geben Sie uns ein schriftliches Gebot.

Was passiert nach der Auktion? Barbara Westmeyer deutschsprachige Kundenbetreuung

Telefon: +49 (0)541 96 20 20 Fax: +49 (0)541 96 20 222 Gebührenfrei: 0800 58 36 537 E-Mail: service@kuenker.de Internet: www.kuenker.de Montag – Donnerstag 8.30 – 17.00 Uhr Freitag 8.00 – 15.30 Uhr

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• Der Versand der Auktionsware startet sofort nach Beendigung der Auktion und dauert in der Regel 8 Tage. • Alle Kunden, die an unserer Auktion schriftlich teilgenommen haben, erhalten innerhalb von 2 Wochen nach der Auktion unsere Ergebnisliste gratis. • Alle Ergebnisse sind spätestens einen Tag nach Auktionsende auf unserer Internetseite verfügbar.

Sie möchten Ihre Münzen in unsere Auktion einliefern? Sollten Sie sich zum Verkauf Ihrer Münzen entschlossen haben, kommen Sie zu uns. Seit 1985 beweisen wir mit derzeit 4 Auktionsterminen und ca. 15 Katalogen pro Jahr unsere Kompetenz und Zuverlässigkeit. Wichtige Informationen für Sie im Überblick: • Ihre Münzen werden von unseren Experten nach neuestem numismatischem Standard bestimmt und in hochwertigen Farbkatalogen präsentiert. • Wir verfügen mit mehr als 10.000 Kunden über eine der besten Kundendateien weltweit. Im Durchschnitt verkaufen wir mehr als 95 % der Stücke einer Auktion, nicht selten erzielen wir dabei Rekordzuschläge. Für nicht verkaufte Objekte werden keine Gebühren erhoben. • Ab der Übergabe an uns sind Ihre Münzen mit dem doppelten Schätzwert versichert. Unsere Kundenbetreuung bespricht gerne mit Ihnen wie Ihre Stücke sicher zu uns gelangen können. • Ihre Einlieferung wird Ihnen sofort nach der Übernahme quittiert. Spätestens 5 Wochen vor der Auktion erhalten Sie eine Auflistung Ihrer Stücke inkl. Katalognummern und Schätzpreisen. • Unmittelbar nach der Auktion erhalten Sie die Ergebnisliste und können dann alle erzielten Preise feststellen. Den Auktionserlös erhalten Sie innerhalb von 45 Tagen nach der Auktion.

TEL +49 (0)541 96 20 20, FAX +49 (0)541 96 20 222, SERVICE@KUENKER.DE, WWW.KUENKER.DE


Important facts for a written participation in the auction • Please send us your instructions as early as possible. The likelihood of errors occurring increases if we receive your instructions only shortly before the auction. The enclosed form should make it simple for you to submit a written bid, you may send your bids by mail, fax or e-mail. • If you are a new customer who has not yet purchased from us, we do request references. Please name a coin dealer with whom you have already done business. • The genuineness of all objects sold is warranted beyond the statutory length of time.

ENGLISH

Do you wish to participate by telephone? You are welcome to participate in our auction by telephone. We are glad to call you during the auction and to assist you in bidding for your items. Please take notice of the following conditions: • Telephone bidding is accepted exclusively on lot numbers with estimates at 500 Euro or above. • Please inform us at least 48 hours in advance if you wish to register for telephone bidding, even for single lots. We do need 48 hours to schedule all incoming requests. • Please be available, when your lots will be sold. The time schedule in the catalogue will help you to estimate the approximate time when your items are going to be sold. • Should you not be available by phone, we will bid on your behalf up to your submitted written limit or at least up to the estimate of the lot for which you requested to be called. • Please be aware that telephone bidding is a risky way of participation in our auction. We do not assume liability should the telephone line be interrupted or not be achieved. We advise you to attend the auction in person or to send written bids.

Nadine Zuber English, Deutsch

What occurs after the auction? • The shipment of all auction goods starts immediately after the completion of the entire auction week and it usually takes 8 days to be completed. • All auction results are available on our website one day after the end of the auction week. • All clients who submitted bids for the auction will automatically receive the list of auction results free of charge within two weeks after the end of auction.

Do you wish to consign your coins to our auction? Should you decide to sell your coins, we are ready to assist you. Since 1985 we have earned our bona fides in conducting over 4 auctions and in publishing 15 catalogues per year. In the following you will find the most important information on consigning: • We guarantee the professional handling of your consignment following the latest numismatic level of expertise including its presentation in colour catalogues of outstanding quality. • We possess one of the best customer lists worldwide. On average we sell more than 95 % of all items in our auction, and it is not unusual for us to achieve record hammer prices for lots submitted. Unsold items incur no fees. • Once the coins are consigned they are covered by our insurance at double the estimate. Upon consultation with our customer service we try to advise you on the safest way of shipping for your coins. • Your delivery will be confirmed in writing immediately on receipt. At least five weeks before the auction, you will receive an exact list of your objects with the relevant catalogue numbers and descriptions. • Within a week of the end of auction, you will receive a list of auction results in order to see what prices were reached for each individual lot. As a consignor, you will receive the auction proceeds within 45 days after the end of auction.

Marion Künker English, Deutsch

Phone: +49 (0)541 96 20 20 Fax: +49 (0)541 96 20 222 E-Mail: service@kuenker.de Website: www.kuenker.com Monday –Thursday 8.30 AM – 5 PM Friday 8 AM – 3.30 PM

TEL +49 (0)541 96 20 20, FAX +49 (0)541 96 20 222, SERVICE@KUENKER.DE, WWW.KUENKER.DE

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Votre participation par écrit – Les points essentiels

FRANCAIS

• Veuillez nous faire parvenir vos ordres le plus tôt possible. Si vos ordres nous parviennent juste avant la vente aux enchères, des erreurs risquent d’être commises lors de leur traitement. Le formulaire ci-joint vous aidera à rédiger facilement votre offre. Vous pouvez nous envoyer vos ordres par la poste, par fax ou par e-mail. • Si vous n’avez encore fait aucune acquisition chez nous, nous vous prions de nous indiquer une ou deux références d’autres maisons numismatiques où vous avez déjà acheté. • L’authenticité des pièces vendues est garantie même au-delà des délais légaux.

Vous voulez participer par téléphone? La participation par téléphone est bien sûr possible. Nous vous appelons volontiers pour vous aider à acquérir les pièces voulues. Pour des raisons d´organisation veuillez noter les points suivants:

Alexandra Elflein, M. A. Français, Deutsch, English, Italiano

• La participation par téléphone est possible seulement pour les lots estimé à plus de 500 Euros chacun. • Veuillez nous informer au moins 48 heures avant la vente de la liste des pièces pour lesquelles vous voudriez être appelé. • Veuillez prendre soin d´être joignable quand vos pièces seront mises en vente. L’ordre de vente dans ce catalogue vous aidera à estimer l´heure de la vente. • Dans le cas où nous ne parviendrions pas à vous joindre, nous enchérirons pour vous jusqu’au montant que vous nous indiquez par écrit, égal ou supérieur au prix d’estimation. • La participation par téléphone présente des risques, et nous déclinons toute responsabilité dans le cas où la communication téléphonique serait interrompue, ou bien ne pourrait être établie.

Ce qui se passe après la vente Kmar Chachoua Français, Deutsch, English, Arabic

Tél. +49 (0)541 96 20 20 Facs. +49 (0)541 96 20 222 E-Mail: service@kuenker.de Site: www.kuenker.de Lundi à Jeudi de 8h30 à 17h00 Vendredi de 8h00 à 15h30

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• L´expédition des biens va commencer immédiatement après la fin de la vente complète, et prend généralement 8 jours. • Tous les clients qui ont participé à l’une de nos ventes aux enchères recevront gratuitement une liste de résultats dans les deux semaines qui suivent. • Les résultats seront disponibles sur notre site internet, au plus tard un jour après la fin de la vente.

Vous voulez confier vos monnaies pour nos ventes aux enchères? Contactez nous si vous envisagez de vendre vos pièces. Notre compétence et fiabilité est prouvée depuis 1985 par actuellement 4 ventes aux enchères et environ 15 catalogues par an. Le plus important pour vous est que: • Vos pièces seront décrites par notre équipe d’experts selon les standards numismatiques les plus récents, et elles seront présentées dans des catalogues de haute qualité en couleurs. • Nous avons un des meilleurs fichiers-clientèle du monde avec plus de 10.000 clients. Nous vendons en moyenne plus de 95% de la vente aux enchères, et obtenons souvent des prix records. Les monnaies invendues n’encourent aucun frais. • Notre service clientèle est disponible pour vous conseiller pour l’envoi de vos pièces, et dès leur réception vos pièces seront assurées pour le double de la valeur d´estimation. • Vous recevrez une liste détaillée des pièces fournies au moment de la prise en charge puis, au plus tard cinq semaines avant la vente aux enchères, vous recevrez leur liste exacte avec les numéros de catalogue correspondants. • Immédiatement après la vente aux enchères, vous recevrez la liste des résultats et pourrez prendre connaissance des prix obtenus. Vous recevrez le produit de la vente dans les 45 jours après les enchères.

TEL +49 (0)541 96 20 20, FAX +49 (0)541 96 20 222, SERVICE@KUENKER.DE, WWW.KUENKER.DE


I punti piú importanti per la Sua partecipazione per iscritto • La preghiamo di farci pervenire i Suoi ordini al piú presto possibile. Se i Suoi ordini ci arrivano poco prima dell´inizio dell´asta possono verificarsi errori. Il formulario allegato Le faciliterá l´invio dei Suoi ordini per iscritto. Ci puó far pervenire i Suoi ordini per posta, per fax o per email. • Se non ha mai acquistato presso di noi, La preghiamo di volerci indicare a titolo di referenza il nome di uno o due commercianti numismatici presso i quali è giá cliente. • L’autenticità di tutti gli oggetti venduti viene garantita anche oltre i termini previsti dalla legge.

ITALIANO

Desidera partecipare telefonicamente alla nostra asta? La partecipazione telefonica è naturalmente da noi possibile. La chiameremo durante l´asta e La assisteremo volentieri per ottenere l´aggiudicazione dei pezzi desiderati. Per motivi di organizzazione La preghiamo di voler tenere conto dei seguenti punti: • La partecipazione telefonica è possibile solo per lotti stimati con almeno 500,– € l´uno. • La preghiamo di volerci comunicare almeno 48 ore prima dell´inizio dell´asta per quali pezzi desidera essere chiamato. • La preghiamo di aver cura di essere raggiungibile telefonicamente al momento in cui vengono messi all´asta i pezzi che Le interessano. Lo schema orario in catalogo La aiuterá a stimare a che ora verranno messi all´asta i pezzi che Le interessano. • Nel caso in cui non riuscissimo a contattarLa telefonicamente, provvederemo ad offrire a Suo nome fine all´importo massimo indicatoci per iscritto, in ogni caso offriremo a Suo nome come minimo il prezzo di stima. • La partecipazione telefonica è un modo incerto di partecipare alle aste. Non assumiamo nessuna responsabilità se per esempio la linea telefonica è occupata o interrotta o se Lei non sará raggiungibile per altri motivi.

Sonia Russo, M. A. Italiano, Deutsch, English, Español

Cosa succede dopo l´asta? • La spedizione del materiale d´asta comincia subito dopo la fine dell´intera asta e termina normalmente entro 8 giorni. • Tutti i clienti che hanno partecipato all´asta ricevono entro 2 settimane dopo l´asta la lista dei prezzi di realizzo. • I prezzi di realizzo sono visionabili sul nostro sito internet al piú tardi un giorno dopo la fine dell´intera asta.

Vuole consegnarci le Sue monete per una nostra asta? Ci contatti se ha deciso di vendere le Sue monete. Dal 1985 la nostra competenza ed affidabilità è dimostrata da attualmente 4 aste e circa 15 cataloghi all´anno. Quali sono i punti di maggior importanza per Lei:

Cristina Welzel Italiano, Deutsch, English, Français

Tel.: +49 (0)541 96 20 20 Fax: +49 (0)541 96 20 222 E-Mail: service@kuenker.de Internet: www.kuenker.de Lunedì a giovedì dalle 8.30 alle 17.00 Venerdì dalle 8.00 alle 15.30

• Le Sue monete vengono valutate dal nostro staff di esperti secondo i piú attuali standard numismatici e vengono presentati in cataloghi di alto valore a colori. • Con piú di 10.000 clienti disponiamo di una delle migliori banca dati clienti del mondo. In media vendiamo oltre il 95% del materiale d´asta realizzando spesso prezzi da record. Per i pezzi invenduti non ci sono nessune spese da pagare. • Dal momento della consegna le Sue monete sono assicurate per il doppio del valore di stima. Il nostro servizio clientela Le consiglierá volentieri come farci avere le Sue monete nel modo piú sicuro. • La Sua consegna Le verrá immediatamente quietanzata al momento della resa dei pezzi. Al piú tardi 5 settimane prima dell´asta riceverá una lista dettagliata dei Suoi pezzi con i numeri di catalogo ed i prezzi di stima. • Subito dopo l´asta riceverá la lista con i risultati d´asta dalla quale potrá subito controllare i prezzi realizzati. Riceverá l´importo di realizzo entro 45 giorni dopo la fine dell´asta.

TEL +49 (0)541 96 20 20, FAX +49 (0)541 96 20 222, SERVICE@KUENKER.DE, WWW.KUENKER.DE

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Что особенно важно при заочном участии на аукционе?

RUSSKIJ

• Тщательно изучите наш каталог и запишите те лоты, которые Вас заинтересовали. Заполните приложенный формуляр и отправьте нам его заранее по почте, факсу или электронной почте. Мы обращаем внимание на то, что если Ваши ставки придут перед самым началом аукциона либо во время аукциона, то существует вероятность допуска ошибки в процессе обработки заказа. • Если Вы впервые принимаете участие в нашем аукционе, то мы рекомендуем Вам указать Ваш референц – аукционные дома, с которыми Вы уже сотрудничали. Или свяжитесь с нами по телефону +49(0)541 9620268. • Подлинность купленных на нашем аукционе лотов гарантируется нами на протяжении неограниченного времени.

Вы хотели бы принять участие на аукционе по телефону? У нас, конечно, есть возможность организовать Ваше телефонное участие на торгах, но мы бы хотели обратить внимание на следующие пункты: Anastasija Koepsell Russkij, Deutsch

• Участие в телефонных торгах возможно только для лотов со стартовой ценой свыше 500 евро. • Для участия в торгах по телефону просим Вас связаться с нами не позднее 48 часов до начала аукциона. • Мы хотим подчеркнуть, что телефонное участие на аукционе – не самый безопасный способ: в случае плохой связи, недоступности клиента во время торгов либо других технических проблем мы не несем ответственности.

Что происходит после окончания аукциона?

Dzmitry Nikulin Russkij, Deutsch, English

Телефон: +49 (0)541 96 20 20 Факс: +49 (0)541 96 20 222 E-Mail: service@kuenker.de интернет: www.kuenker.de понедельник – четверг 8.30 – 17.00 пятница 8 – 15.30

10

• Результаты аукционов доступны на нашем сайте на следующий день после окончания торгов. • Вы можете лично забрать приобретенные лоты. По окончании торгов мы готовим все необходимые документы на вывоз из Евросоюза. • Почтовые отправки в Россию ( Беларусь, Украину ) осуществляются по предварительной договоренности. Для связи с нами звоните по телефону +49 (0)541 9620268.

Вы хотели бы выставить Ваши предметы на аукцион? Более 160-ти успешно проведенных аукционов, тысячи участников, 4 аукциона в год - эти и другие преимущества, которые говорят в пользу выставления Ваших коллекций на аукцион Кюнкер: • Ваши монеты будут оценены нашими экспертами по самым новым нумизматическим стандартам и представлены в высококачественном цветном каталоге. • Более 10000 клиентов со всего мира оказывают нам свое доверие. В среднем мы продаем более 95% всех выставляемых предметов, при этом зачастую достигая рекордных сумм. • Все Ваши предметы, после передачи их нам, хранятся у нас до начала аукциона застрахованными. Не позднее 5-ти недель до начала аукциона Вы получите по почте подробное описание Ваших лотов с указаннами номерами в каталоге, а также их оценочной стоимостью. • Результаты аукционов также будут высланы Вам по почте после окончания торгов. В течение 45 дней после аукциона Вам будет выплачено Ваше вознаграждение.

TEL +49 (0)541 96 20 20, FAX +49 (0)541 96 20 222, SERVICE@KUENKER.DE, WWW.KUENKER.DE


INHALT AUKTION 205 Nr.

Seite

1.000 JAHRE EUROPÄISCHE MÜNZGESCHICHTE GLANZ UND FASZINATION DES MITTELALTERS

1251

-

2563

15

-

252

Frühmittelalter (ca. 500-900)

1251

-

1460

15

-

58

1251 1251

-

15 15

-

1324 1356 1361

-

1367 1322 1323 1355 1360 1366 1367

31

-

40 31 31 37 38 39 40

1368 1368 1394

-

1460 1393 1460

40 40 45

-

58 45 58

1461

-

2563

59

-

252

1461 1461

-

59

-

1465

-

1472 1495 1503 1512

-

61 66 68 70

-

1533 1558 1565

-

73 76

-

1568 1572 1574

-

79

-

1581 1718

-

80

-

1724 1732 1742 1835 1842

-

2428 1463 1464 1469 1470 1471 1494 1502 1511 1531 1532 1557 1564 1566 1567 1571 1573 1579 1580 1717 1720 1721 1722 1723 1731 1741 1834 1841 1864

105 107 108 124 125

-

223 59 60 60 61 61 65 67 69 72 73 76 77 77 78 78 78 80 80 103 104 104 105 105 106 108 124 125 128

Spätantike und Völkerwanderung Langobarden Gepiden Westgoten Ostgoten Burgunder Anonym Das Reich der Franken Merowinger Karolinger Hoch- und Spätmittelalter (ca. 900-1500) Deutsches Reich Altenburg Andernach Anhalt Anklam Annweiler Arnstein Augsburg Bamberg Brandenburg Braunschweig Braunschweig und Lüneburg Bremen Corvey Demmin Deutscher Orden Donauwörth Dortmund Duisburg Erfurt Falkenstein Frankfurt Fulda Gandersheim Gittelde Goslar Halberstadt Halle an der Saale Hamburg

11


Nr. Hannover Heinsberg Hersfeld Hessen Hildesheim Homburg Jülich-Kleve-Berg Kempten Köln Konstanz Lindau Lippe Magdeburg Mainz Markdorf Mecklenburg Merseburg Minden Moers Mühlhausen in Thüringen Münster Naumburg Nordhausen Oldesloe Osnabrück Paderborn Pfalz Pommern Prüm Quedlinburg Ravensburg Regensburg Regenstein Sachsen Schlesien Schleswig-Holstein Schongau Speyer Stade Stargard Stralsund Thüringen Ulm Verden Waldeck Weida-Gera-Plauen Weimar Würzburg

12

1866 1868 1871 1875

-

1880 1887 1889 1901 1903

-

1906 2248

-

2254

-

2260 2264 2268 2273

-

2282 2286 2288 2293 2295

-

2384

-

2388 2394 2396 2399 2402

-

2407 2412 2414 2416 2419

-

2427

-

Seite 1865 1867 1870 1874 1878 1879 1886 1888 1900 1902 1904 1905 2247 2250 2251 2252 2253 2258 2259 2263 2267 2272 2279 2280 2281 2285 2287 2292 2294 2382 2383 2386 2387 2393 2395 2398 2401 2404 2405 2406 2411 2413 2415 2418 2424 2425 2426 2428

129 130

-

131

-

134

-

137 187

-

192

-

196

-

218

-

221

-

128 128 129 130 131 131 133 133 136 136 137 137 187 188 188 188 188 189 190 190 191 192 193 193 193 194 195 195 196 214 215 215 216 216 217 217 218 219 219 219 219 220 220 221 222 222 222 223


Nr. Europäische Münzen Baltikum Belgien Bosnien Dänemark Frankreich Großbritannien/England, Irland, Schottland Der Schatzfund von Gisors Italien Kroatien Luxemburg Montenegro Niederlande Polen Rumänien Rußland Schweden Schweiz Tschechien Ungarn Kreuzfahrer Königreich Jerusalem Grafschaft Tripolis Zypern Ein levantinischer Beischlag Sammlungen und Lots mittelalterlicher Münzen

Seite

2429 2429 2431

-

2551 2430 2435 2436 2451 2470 2497 2497 2510 2511 2512 2513 2518 2521 2522 2523 2526 2530 2540 2551

2437 2452 2471

-

2498

-

2514 2519

-

2524 2527 2531 2541

-

2552

-

2555 2552 2553 2554 2555

2556

-

2563

223

-

223

-

225 228 233 238 240

-

243

-

246 247 249

-

251

-

251 223 224 225 228 232 239 239 242 243 243 243 244 245 245 245 246 247 249 251 252 251 251 252 252 252

Ein Stichwortverzeichnis finden Sie am Ende dieses Auktionskataloges.

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VORWORT

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8GTITÌ­GTWPIGPUQHGTPPKEJVCPFGTUCPIGIGDGPKO/C­UVCD 14


LANGOBARDEN

(4ª*/+66'.#.6'4 EC  526#06+-'70&8¤.-'49#0&'470) .#0)1$#4&'0 +O  ,CJTJWPFGTV XGTPKEJVGVGP FKG.CPIQDCTFGP\WP·EJUVFCU*GTWNGTTGKEJCPUEJNKG­GPFFCU)GRKFGP TGKEJWOFCTCWHJKPCDKP+VCNKGPGKPGKIGPGU4GKEJ\WGTTKEJVGP+P2CPPQPKGPYCTGPUKGFGO&TWEM FGT UKEJ CWUDTGKVGPFGP #YCTGP IGYKEJGP &KG .CPIQDCTFGP WPF KJTG8GTDÒPFGVGPMQPPVGPDGKFGT'T QDGTWPI+VCNKGPUCWHKJTGOKNKV·TKUEJG'THCJTWPICNU*KNHUVTWRRGPFGUD[\CPVKPKUEJGP*GGTGU\WTÒEMITGKHGP 7PVGT -ÌPKI #NDQKP   KP FGUUGP *·PFG  /CKNCPF WPF  FKG 5VCFV 6KEKPWO 2CXKC    HKGN DGICPP FKG NCPIQDCTFKUEJG /ÒP\RT·IWPI <WP·EJUV YWTFGP D[\CPVKPKUEJG /ÒP\GP FGT 2T·IGUV·VVG   4CXGPPC PCEJIGCJOV YKG 6TGOKUUGU KP FGT 5COONWPI PKEJV XGTVTGVGP CDGT UKGJG 0T   QFGT   5KNKSWCGKO0COGPFGU,WUVKPWU++7PVGT-ÌPKI#WVJCTK  DGICPPUEJNKG­NKEJFKGHCUV,CJTG HQTVIGUGV\VG 2T·IWPI XQP 6TGOKUUGU KO 0COGP FGU /CWTKEKWU 6KDGTKWU FKG KO  ,CJTJWPFGTV GKPGP   5VGTP UKGJG0T KO,CJTJWPFGTVFCPPGKP-TGW\CNU$GK\GKEJGP\GKIGP+PFGT6QUECPC UKGJG 0T  HH  YWTFGP KP .WEEC /ÒP\GP KP GKPGO GKIGPGP 5VKN IGRT·IV &C FKG -ÌPKIUOCEJV CDGT HGTP   YCTGZKUVKGTVGPFQTVCWEJ\CJNTGKEJG*GEMGPOÒP\UV·VVGP UKGJG0T #DFGONGV\VGP8KGTVGNFGU ,CJTJWPFGTVU VTCIGP FKG NCPIQDCTFKUEJGP 2T·IWPIGP FCPP FKG 0COGP FGT -ÌPKIG UKGJG 0T  HH     YWTFG FGT NGV\VG NCPIQDCTFKUEJG -ÌPKI &GUKFGTKWU   XQP -CTN FGO )TQ­GP DGUKGIV WPF   GPVVJTQPV /KV FGO -ÌPKIVWO GPFGVG CNNGTFKPIU PKEJV FKG NCPIQDCTFKUEJG /ÒP\RT·IWPI FGPP KO *GT   \QIVWO $GPGXGPV 0T  HH  WPF KP 5CNGTPQ 0T  HH  YWTFGP PQEJ DKU KP FCU  ,CJTJWPFGTV   NCPIQDCTFKUEJG/ÒP\GPIGRT·IV

1251

'KPGCPQP[OGNCPIQDCTFGP\GKVNKEJG2T·IWPI 

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1252

#PQP[OGNCPIQDCTFKUEJG2T·IWPIGPCWU6KEKPWO 2CXKC  

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1253



Ô6TGOKUUKU KO 0COGP FGU /CWTKEKWU 6KDGTKWU   I &TCRKGTVG $ÒUVG T OKV &KCFGO   8KEVQTKC IGJV T OKV -TCP\ WPF -TGW\INQDWU KO (GNF T 5VGTP #TUNCP p $GTPCTGIIK 5  )TKGT   UQP$NCEMDWTPXGTIN1FF[%NCUU+  )1.&44(CUUWPIUURWTGPUQPUVCVVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT  &KG 2T·IWPI XQP 6TGOKUUGU KO 0COGP FGU /CWTKEKWU 6KDGTKWU DGICPP WPVGT -ÌPKI #WVJCTK   FGT 6[R   YWTFG HCUV WPXGT·PFGTV  ,CJTG NCPI YGKVGT CWUIGRT·IV <WP·EJUV CNNGTFKPIU \GKIVGP FKG 5VÒEMG T KO (GNFG FGU   4GXGTUGU PQEJ FGP V[RKUEJGP 5VGTP UR·VGT FCPP GKP -TGW\ &C FKG 5VÒEMG OKV -TGW\ KO (WPF XQP #NFTCPU PKEJV   XGTVTGVGP UKPF UKPF UKG YQJN PCEJ FGO ,CJT  IGRT·IV YQTFGP Y·JTGPF FKG UGNVGPGP 5VÒEMG OKV 5VGTP XQT FGT   ,CJTJWPFGTVYGPFGIGRT·IVYQTFGPUKPF&CUXQTNKGIGPFG5VÒEMKUVCNUQWPVGT#WVJCTKQFGT#IKNWNHIGRT·IVYQTFGP 5KGJG*CJP.WGIOG[GT&GTNCPIQDCTFGP\GKVNKEJG/ÒP\UEJCV\HWPFXQP#NFTCPUKP6KTQN9KGP5

15


LANGOBARDEN

1254



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1255



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1256



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1257



16

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LANGOBARDEN

1258



Ô6TGOKUUKUKO0COGPFGU/CWTKEKWU6KDGTKWU,CJTJWPFGTVI&TCRKGTVG$ÒUVGTOKV&KCFGO FCJKPVGT68KEVQTKCIGJVTOKV-TCP\WPF-TGW\INQDWUKO(GNFT-TGW\#TUNCPp$GTPCTGIIK5 )TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTPp1FF[p )1.&8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV$TGKVGT5EJTÌVNKPIXQT\ÒINKEJ



1259



Ô6TGOKUUKUKO0COGPFGU/CWTKEKWU6KDGTKWU,CJTJWPFGTVI&TCRKGTVG$ÒUVGTOKV&KCFGO FCJKPVGTNKGIGPFGU68KEVQTKCIGJVTOKV-TCP\WPF-TGW\INQDWU#TUNCPp$GTPCTGIIK5)TKGTUQP $NCEMDWTPp1FF[p  )1.&8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV$TGKVGT5EJTÌVNKPIWPIGYÌJPNKEJGT5VKNXQT\ÒINKEJ



#WHITWPF FGT UVCTM XGTYKNFGTVGP #XGTUNGIGPFG JCNVGP YKT GKPG 2T·IWPI KO GTUVGP 8KGTVGN FGU UKGDVGP ,CJTJWPFGTVU   HÒTWPYCJTUEJGKPNKEJ

1260

#PQP[OGNCPIQDCTFGP\GKVNKEJG2T·IWPIGPCWU.WEEC 

6QUMCPC Ô6TGOKUUKU 'PFG FGU  ,CJTJWPFGTVU P %JT  I &TCRKGTVG $ÒUVG T OKV &KCFGO   FCXQT $-TGW\ #TUNCP p $GTPCTGIIK 5  )TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTP XGTIN  1FF[ %NCUU +8   XGTINHH )1.&448QT\ÒINKEJ 

1261



Ô6TGOKUUKU 'PFG FGU  ,CJTJWPFGTVU P %JT  I &TCRKGTVG $ÒUVG T OKV &KCFGO FCXQT $   -TGW\#TUNCPp$GTPCTGIIK5)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTPXGTIN1FF[%NCUU+8XGTINHH )1.&448QT\ÒINKEJ 

1262



Ô6TGOKUUKU KO 0COGP FGU *GTCENKWU   I &TCRKGTVG $ÒUVG T OKV &KCFGO-TGW\ #TU   NCPp$GTPCTGIIKp)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTPp*CJP/+$:1FF[p )1.&48QT\ÒINKEJ  +P FGT 6QUMCPC YWTFGP XQP FGP .CPIQDCTFGP KP .WEEC 6TGOKUUGU KO 0COGP FGU *GTCENKWU PCEJ TCXGPPCVKUEJGO   8QTDKNF IGRT·IV 0GDGP .WEEC GZKUVKGTVGP KP FGT 6QUMCPC CWEJ \CJNTGKEJG NCPIQDCTFKUEJG *GEMGPOÒP\UV·VVGP &CU   XQTNKGIGPFG5VÒEMKUVFCU2TQFWMVGKPGTUQNEJGP*GEMGPOÒP\UV·VVG

17


LANGOBARDEN

1263

2:1

2:1

2T·IWPIGPFGTNCPIQDCTFKUEJGP-ÌPKIGCWU6KEKPWO 2CXKC  #IKNWNH

 



#IKNWNH YCT *GT\QI XQP 6WTKP WPF FGT 5EJYCIGT FGU .CPIQDCTFGPMÌPKIU #WVJCTK   FGUUGP   9KVYG 6JGQFGNKPFG GT  JGKTCVGVG +O /CK  YWTFG GT KP /CKNCPF \WO -ÌPKI IGY·JNV 'T HÒJTVG   GKPGP (TKGFGPUUEJNWUU OKV FGO (TCPMGPMÌPKI 6JGWFGDGTV ++   WPF GKPG #WUUÌJPWPI OKV FGP   #YCTGP JGTDGK WO KPPGPRQNKVKUEJ JCPFNWPIUH·JKI \W YGTFGP +O ,CJTG  \QI #IKNWNH XQT 4QO   FGUUGP 2CRUV )TGIQT + ōFGT )TQ­Gŋ   FKG 5VCFV HÒT  2HWPF )QNF XQT FGT 2NÒPFGTWPI DG   YCJTVG+O5ÒFGPHÒJTVGGTGTHQNITGKEJ-TKGIIGIGPFCUD[\CPVKPKUEJG*GGTWPFPCJOUQICTFWTEJ$QVGP (TKGFGPUXGTJCPFNWPIGP OKV FGO -CKUGT CWH 4GNKIKÌU UVTGDVG GT FWTEJ FKG $GOÒJWPIGP UGKPGT MCVJQNK   UEJGP(TCWGKPGP#WUINGKEJ\YKUEJGPFGO2CRUVWPFFGO#TKCPKUOWUFGT.CPIQDCTFGPCP#IKNWNHUVCTD YQJNKO0QXGODGTFGU,CJTGUQFGT/CKCNUGTUVGT.CPIQDCTFGPMÌPKIGKPGUPCVÒTNKEJGP6QFGU 

Ô5QNKFWUKO0COGPFGU2JQECUI10(1Λ5242#8%)GRCP\GTVG$ÒUVGXXOKV-TQPGWPF -TGW\INQDWU8+%614+# #8% + 'PIGN UVGJV X X OKV %JTKUVQITCOOUVCD WPF -TGW\INQDWU KO #D   UEJPKVV%101$#TUNCPp$GTPCTGIIKp)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTPp1FF[p  )1.&8QPCNNGTITÌ­VGT5GNVGPJGKV5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ  'ZGORNCTFGT#WMVKQP%0).CPECUVGT0T





9KTMGPPGPPGDGPFGOXQTNKGIGPFGP5VÒEMPWTPQEJFCU'ZGORNCTFGT#WMVKQP0#%<ÒTKEJ0T+O -CVCNQIFGT0#%YKTFFCU5VÒEMPQEJXGTUWEJUYGKUGFGP.CPIQDCTFGP\WIGYKGUGP 0QTVJ+VCN[! XQPFGT%0) FCPP GKPFGWVKI FGP .CPIQDCTFGP WPVGT -ÌPKI #IKNWNH 9KT ÒDGTPGJOGP FKGUG <WYGKUWPI OÌEJVGP LGFQEJ KP CNNGT   &GWVNKEJMGKVFCTCWHJKPYGKUGPFC­UKGJ[RQVJGVKUEJDNGKDGPOW­UQNCPIGUKGPKEJVFWTEJGKPGJKPTGKEJGPFG(WPFGXK FGP\CDIGUKEJGTVYGTFGPMCPP 

1264

2GTEVCTKV  'THQNIVG\WUCOOGPOKVUGKPGO$TWFGT)QFGRGTVFGO8CVGT#TKRGTV+  CWHFGPNCPIQDCT FKUEJGP6JTQP$GKFGYWTFGPLGFQEJMWT\FCTCWHXQP*GT\QI)TKOQCNFXQP$GPGXGPVGPVOCEJVGVWPFKPU HT·PMKUEJG'ZKNIGUEJKEMVMGJTVG2GTEVCTKV\WTÒEMWPFUVÒT\VG)TKOQCNFU5QJP)CTKDCNF'THÌTFGTVG FKG-CVJQNKUKGTWPIFGU.CPIQDCTFGPTGKEJGUWPFIGTKGVUQKP1RRQUKVKQP\WGKPGO6GKNFGU#FGNUFGTUKEJ JKPVGT*GT\QI#NCJKUXQP6TKGPVUCOOGNVGYWTFG#TKRGTVU5QJP%WPKPERGTV\WO/KVTGIGPVGPWPF 0CEJHQNIGTGTPCPPVYQTCWHJKPGU\WGKPGT4GDGNNKQPFGTCPVKMCVJQNKUEJGP-T·HVGMCOFKGLGFQEJPKGFGT IGUEJNCIGPYGTFGPMQPPVG 

Õ5KNKSWCRQUVJWOWOI2' NKIKGTV 4NFTGK-WIGNPKPFGT/KVVGHÒPH-WIGNP +PEWU#TUNCPXCT$GTPCTGIIK5%0++8pXGTIN5HH)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTPXCT 4(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ &KG 5VÒEMG OKV 2'4 YWTFGP WPVGT 2GTEVCTKV GKPIGHÒJTV LGFQEJ PQEJ DKU KP FCU GTUVG 8KGTVGN FGU  ,CJTJWPFGTVU   IGRT·IV7PUGT5VÒEMKUVGKPGFKGUGTUR·VGTGP2T·IWPIGP  9KTJCDGPFCU0QOKPCNFGT6TCFKVKQPHQNIGPFCNU*CNDUKNKSWCDG\GKEJPGVFGHCEVQKUVCDGTPKEJVDGMCPPVWOYGN EJGU0QOKPCNGUUKEJJCPFGNVWPFKPYGNEJGO9GTVXGTJ·NVPKUFKGUG/ÒP\GP\WFGPIQNFGPGP6TGOKUUGUUVCPFGP

18




LANGOBARDEN

1265

#TKRGTV++





'TYCTFGT5QJPFGU*GT\QIU4CIKPRGTVXQP6WTKPGKPGU8GVVGTU-ÌPKI%WPKPERGTVU  +PFGP 6JTQPUVTGKVKIMGKVGP FGU ,CJTGU  MTKUVCNNKUKGTVG UKEJ 4CIKPRGTV HÒT YGPKIG /QPCVG CNU 0CEJHQNIGT   %WPKPERGTVU JGTCWU DGXQT GT GKPGU RNÌV\NKEJGP 6QFGU UVCTD <WXQT JCVVG GT CDGT DGTGKVU UGKPGP 5QJP   #TKRGTV\WO/KVMÌPKIGTPCPPVFGTPWPTKIQTQUUGKPG6JTQPCPURTÒEJGXGTVGKFKIVG'TNKG­.KWVRTCPFFGP WPOÒPFKIGP 5QJP %WPKPERGTVU GTOQTFGP 5GKPGO 'T\KGJGT #PURTCPF IGNCPI FKG (NWEJV CP FGP DC[GTK   UEJGP *GT\QIUJQH XQP FGO GT  OKV GKPGO *GGT \WTÒEMMGJTVG $GK 2CXKC MCO GU \WT 5EJNCEJV OKV   #TKRGTVU 6TWRRGP FKG \WP·EJUV GTHQNITGKEJ HÒT FGP -ÌPKI XGTNKGH #DGPFU LGFQEJ UGV\VG UKEJ #TKRGTV   FGPFGT)GUEJKEJVUUEJTGKDGT2CWNWU&KCEQPWUCNUGKPGPMNWIGPWPFIGTGEJVGP*GTTUEJGTDG\GKEJPGVGXQP UGKPGO *GGT CD YQJN WO FKG 0CEJV KO MÌPKINKEJGP 2CNCUV \W XGTDTKPIGP &CTCWHJKP OGWVGTVGP FKG   NCPIQDCTFKUEJGP -TKGIGT WPF #TKRGTV OWUUVG CWU 2CXKC HNKGJGP #WH UGKPGT (NWEJV GTVTCPM GT KO (NWUU   6KEKPWUWPFYWTFGKPFGT5CNXCVQTMKTEJGXQP2CXKCDGKIGUGV\V 

Ô6TGOKUUKUI&TCRKGTVG$ÒUVGTOKV&KCFGOFCXQT*CPF5V/KEJCGNUVGJVNOKV.CPIMTGW\ #TUNCPp$GTPCTGIIK5%0+p)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTPp1FF[%NCUU++  )1.&44)WVGUUGJTUEJÌP



&KG *CPF KUV WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJ IGFGWVGV YQTFGP UQ \ $ CNU <GKEJGP HÒT FKG #FXGPVWU FGU 4GIGPVGP CNU 9CTPWPI   FCXQT FC­ /ÒP\H·NUEJGTP FKG *CPFCDIGUEJNCIGPYKTFQFGTCNU/CPWUFGKªDGT\GWIGPFKUVMGKPGFKGUGT&GWVWP IGP  'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPIFG9KV#WMVKQP(TKV\4WFQNH-ÒPMGT1UPCDTÒEM0TWPFFGT#WMVKQP,GCP 'NUGP$TÒUUGN0T

1266



Ô6TGOKUUKU  I &TCRKGTVG $ÒUVG T OKV &KCFGO FCXQT /5V /KEJCGN UVGJV N OKV .CPIMTGW\   #TUNCPXCT$GTPCTGIIK5%0++85XCT)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTPp1FF[%NCUU++  )1.&448QT\ÒINKEJIWVGUUGJTUEJÌP 

1267



Ô6TGOKUUKU  I &TCRKGTVG $ÒUVG T OKV &KCFGO FCXQT /5V /KEJCGN UVGJV N OKV .CPIMTGW\   #TUNCPXCT$GTPCTGIIK5%0++85)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTPp1FF[%NCUU++  )1.&448QT\ÒINKEJIWVGUUGJTUEJÌP  'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI-9)ÒUVTQY#WMVKQP6JG0GY;QTM5CNG:+0GY;QTM0T

19


LANGOBARDEN

1268



Ô6TGOKUUKU  I &TCRKGTVG $ÒUVG T OKV &KCFGO FCXQT 5 TGVTQITCF  CWH FGT $ÒUVG Λ5V /K   EJCGNUVGJVNOKV.CPIMTGW\#TUNCPp$GTPCTGIIK5%0+p)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTPp1FF[%NCUU++ )1.&448QT\ÒINKEJIWVGUUGJTUEJÌP 

1269

.KWVRTCPF





.KWVRTCPFYCTFGT5QJP#PURTCPFUFGTDGTGKVUFTGK/QPCVGPCEJFGO5KGIÒDGT-ÌPKI#TKRGTV++   XGTUVCTD&CTCWHJKPYWTFG.KWVRTCPFCO,WPK\WO-ÌPKIIGMTÌPV-WT\FCTCWHGPVMCOGT PWTMPCRRGKPGO/QTFCPUEJNCIUGKPGU8GTYCPFVGP4QVJCTKFGPGTFCTCWHJKP\WUCOOGPOKVUGKPGPXKGT 5ÌJPGPGTOQTFGPNKG­XGTDQVFGTD[\CPVKPKUEJG-CKUGT.GQ+++  FKG$KNFGTXGTGJTWPIWPF QTFPGVG FKG 'PVHGTPWPI CNNGT *GKNKIGPDKNFGT CWU FGP -KTEJGP CP +MQPQMNCUOWUUVTGKV  2CRUV )TGIQT ++  

 WPF.KWVRTCPFUVGNNVGPUKEJIGIGPFKGUQIGPCPPVGPō$KNFGTUVÒTOGTŋWPFQRGTKGTVGPGTHQNITGKEJ OKNKV·TKUEJIGIGPFKG$[\CPVKPGTKP+VCNKGP.KWVRTCPFXGTUVCPFGUFKG.CPIQDCTFGPJGTTUEJCHVKP+VCNKGP YKGFGT CWU\WFGJPGP WPF RHNGIVG IWVG $G\KGJWPIGP \WO (TCPMGPTGKEJ FGUUGP *CWUOGKGT -CTN /CTVGNN   OKV5QPKEJKNFKUGKPGT5EJYGUVGTXQP.KWVRTCPFU(TCW)WPVTWFXGTJGKTCVGVYCT'TUVCTDKO,CPWCTFGU ,CJTGUWPFYWTFGKPFGT-KTEJG5V#FTKCPKP2CXKCDGKIGUGV\V 

Ô6TGOKUUKUI&TCRKGTVG$ÒUVGTOKV&KCFGOFCXQT*CPFCWHFGT$ÒUVG%5V/KEJCGNUVGJV N OKV .CPIMTGW\ #TUNCP p $GTPCTGIIK 5 %0+ +8 5   XCT )TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTP p 1FF[   %NCUU++ )1.&448QT\ÒINKEJ 

1270



Ô6TGOKUUKUI&TCRKGTVG$ÒUVGTOKV&KCFGOFCXQT*CPFCWHFGT$ÒUVG%5V/KEJCGNUVGJVN OKV .CPIMTGW\ #TUNCP p $GTPCTGIIK 5 %0+ +8 5   XCT )TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTP p 1FF[   %NCUU++ )1.&44#VVTCMVKXGUHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT 

1271



20

Ô6TGOKUUKU  I &TCRKGTVG $ÒUVG T OKV &KCFGO FCXQT 55V /KEJCGN UVGJV N OKV .CPIMTGW\   #TUNCP$GTPCTGIIK5%0+pXGTIN)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTPp1FF[%NCUU++  )1.&48QT\ÒINKEJ 


LANGOBARDEN

1272



Ã&#x201D;6TGOKUUKU  I &TCRKGTVG $Ã&#x2019;UVG T OKV &KCFGO FCXQT 65V /KEJCGN UVGJV N OKV .CPIMTGW\   #TUNCPp$GTPCTGIIK5%0++85)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTPp1FF[%NCUU++  )1.&448QT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJGU2TCEJVGZGORNCT 

1273



Ã&#x201D;6TGOKUUKU  I &TCRKGTVG $Ã&#x2019;UVG T OKV &KCFGO FCXQT 65V /KEJCGN UVGJV N OKV .CPIMTGW\   #TUNCPp$GTPCTGIIK5%0++85)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTPp1FF[%NCUU++  )1.&444QUVKIGT#XGTUUVGORGNHCUVXQT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJXQT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ 

1274



Ã&#x201D;6TGOKUUKU  I &TCRKGTVG $Ã&#x2019;UVG T OKV &KCFGO FCXQT 65V /KEJCGN UVGJV N OKV .CPIMTGW\   #TUNCPp$GTPCTGIIK5%0+pXGTINHH)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTPp1FF[%NCUU++  )1.&444CWJGT5VKNXQT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ 

1275



Ã&#x201D;6TGOKUUKU  I &TCRKGTVG $Ã&#x2019;UVG T OKV &KCFGO FCXQT 65V /KEJCGN UVGJV N OKV .CPIMTGW\   #TUNCPp$GTPCTGIIK5%0+pXGTINHH)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTPp1FF[%NCUU++  )1.&448QT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ 

1276



Ã&#x201D;6TGOKUUKU  I &TCRKGTVG $Ã&#x2019;UVG T OKV &KCFGO FCXQT 6. CWH FGT $Ã&#x2019;UVG 2 ! 5V /KEJCGN   UVGJVNOKV.CPIMTGW\#TUNCPp$GTPCTGIIK5%0+p)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTPp1FF[%NCUU++  )1.&448QT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ  21


LANGOBARDEN

1277



Ô6TGOKUUKU  I &TCRKGTVG $ÒUVG T OKV &KCFGO FCXQT 85V /KEJCGN UVGJV N OKV .CPIMTGW\   #TUNCPXCT$GTPCTGIIK5%0+pXGTINH)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTPp1FF[%NCUU++  )1.&42T·IGUEJY·EJGPXQT\ÒINKEJ 

1278



Ô6TGOKUUKU  I &TCRKGTVG $ÒUVG T OKV &KCFGO FCXQT 85V /KEJCGN UVGJV N OKV .CPIMTGW\   #TUNCPXCT$GTPCTGIIK5%0+pXGTINH)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTPp1FF[%NCUU++  )1.&42T·IGUEJY·EJGPHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ 

1279



Ô6TGOKUUKU  I &TCRKGTVG $ÒUVG T OKV &KCFGO FCXQT 8 CWH FGT $ÒUVG %5V /KEJCGN UVGJV N   OKV .CPIMTGW\ #TUNCP  NGKEJV XCT 4GXGTUNGIGPFG  $GTPCTGIIK 5  XCT %0+ +8 5     NGKEJVXCT #TUNCPKTTVÒONKEJG$GUEJTGKDWPI )TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTPp1FF[%NCUU++  )1.&448QT\ÒINKEJ 

1280

*GT\QIVWO$GPGXGPV





9·JTGPFFGTNCPIQDCTFKUEJGP'TQDGTWPI+VCNKGPUGTTKEJVGVG<QVVQ #PHÒJTGTGKPGUCNUHCTCDG\GKEJPGVGP *GGTXGTDCPFGU  YQJN WO  KP 5ÒFKVCNKGP FCU*GT\QIVWO$GPGXGPV9·JTGPFFGU\GJPL·JTKIGP+PVGT TGIPWOU PCEJ FGO 6QF -ÌPKIU %NGRJU   TGIKGTVG <QVVQ Ŏ   PCJG\W UQWXGT·P WPF HÒJTVG   GTHQNITGKEJ-TKGIIGIGPFKG$[\CPVKPGT0CEJUGKPGO6QFHKGNFCU*GT\QIVWOFWTEJ-ÌPKI#IKNWNH    CP #TKEJKU +   FGT UGKP 6GTTKVQTKWO GTYGKVGTVG WPF GKPG UVCDKNG 4GIKGTWPI GVCDNKGTGP   MQPPVG+O,CJTJWPFGTVYCT$GPGXGPVFCUITÌ­VG*GT\QIVWOFGT.CPIQDCTFGPIGINKGFGTVKP4G IKGTWPIUDG\KTMG )CUVCNFCVG  WPF UGKPG *GTTUEJGT DGUC­GP WOHCPITGKEJG CWVQPQOG 4GEJVG &KG XQNNG   5GNDUVUV·PFKIMGKV GTTGKEJVG $GPGXGPVPCEJFGO'PFGFGU.CPIQDCTFGPTGKEJGUWPVGT*GT\QI#TKEJKU ++  OWUUVGLGFQEJMWT\FCTCWHFKG1DGTJQJGKV-CTNUFGU)TQ­GP  CPGTMGPPGP0CEJ FGO 6QF FGU (ÒTUVGP 5KMCTF   \GTHKGN $GPGXGPV KP FKG (ÒTUVGPVÒOGT $GPGXGPV WPF 5CNGTPQ   0CEJFGO2CPFWNH+XQP5RQNGVQPQEJGKPOCNMWT\HTKUVKIFKGNCPIQDCTFKUEJGP6GTTKVQTKGP$GPGXGPVUWPF 5CNGTPQUXGTGKPKIGPMQPPVGIGTKGVFCU(ÒTUVGPVWO\WPGJOGPFWPVGTD[\CPVKPKUEJGPWPFPQTOCPPKUEJGP &TWEMFGOGUCWHFKG&CWGTPKEJVYKFGTUVGJGPMQPPVG 

22

4QOQCNF ++  'N5QNKFWU KO 0COGP FGU +WUVKPKCPWU ++  I &TCRKGTVG $ÒUVG X X OKV   -TQPGWPF-TGW\INQDWU-TGW\CWHXKGT5VWHGPN4%0+:8+++5XCT)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTPp XGTIN )1.&448QT\ÒINKEJ 


LANGOBARDEN

1281



'N6TGOKUUKUKO0COGPFGU+WUVKPKCPWU++I&TCRKGTVG$ÒUVGXXOKV-TQPGWPF-TGW\INQDWU -TGW\N4%0+:8+++pXGTIN5)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTPpXGTIN  )1.&445GJTUEJÌP

'ZGORNCTFGT#WMVKQP0#%/KNCPQ0T



1282



)TGIQTKWU  'N5QNKFWU KO 0COGP FGU +WUVKPKCPWU ++  I $ÒUVG X X OKV -TQPG WPF   -TGW\INQDWU-TGW\ CWH XKGT 5VWHGP N ) %0+ :8+++ p XGTIN 5   )TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTP p   XGTI )1.&448QT\ÒINKEJ 

1283



'N5QNKFWU KO 0COGP FGU +WUVKPKCPWU ++  I $ÒUVG X X OKV -TQPG WPF -TGW\INQDWU-TGW\ CWH   XKGT5VWHGPN)%0+:8+++5XCT)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTPpXGTIN  )1.&448QT\ÒINKEJ

'ZGORNCTFGT#WMVKQP0#%/KNCPQ0T



1284



)QFGUECNEQ  'N5QNKFWU KO 0COGP FGU +WUVKPKCPWU ++  I $ÒUVG X X OKV -TQPG WPF   -TGW\INQDWU-TGW\CWHXKGT5VWHGPN&T)%0+:8+++5)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTP  )1.&445VGORGNDTWEJCWHFGO4GXGTUXQT\ÒINKEJ  'ZGORNCTFGT#WMVKQP6TKVQP+0GY;QTM0T

1285



'N5QNKFWU KO 0COGP FGU +WUVKPKCPWU ++  I $ÒUVG X X OKV -TQPG WPF -TGW\INQDWU-TGW\ CWH   XKGT5VWHGPN&T)%0+:8+++5)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTP  )1.&445EJTÌVNKPIUTK­IWVGUUGJTUEJÌPXQT\ÒINKEJ

&GT#XGTUKUVUVGORGNINGKEJOKVFGOXQTJGTIGJGPFGP'ZGORNCT 'ZGORNCTFGT#WMVKQP0#%/KNCPQ0T





23


LANGOBARDEN

1286



)KUWNHQ ++  'N5QNKFWU KO 0COGP FGU +WUVKPKCPWU ++  I $ÒUVG X X OKV -TQPG WPF   -TGW\INQDWU-TGW\CWHXKGT5VWHGPN/QPQITCOOT)%0+:8+++5)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTPp )1.&442T·IGUEJY·EJGPXQT\ÒINKEJ 

1287



'N5QNKFWU KO 0COGP FGU +WUVKPKCPWU ++  I $ÒUVG X X OKV -TQPG WPF -TGW\INQDWU-TGW\ CWH   XKGT5VWHGPN/QPQITCOOT)%0+:8+++5)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTPp  )1.&448QT\ÒINKEJ



'ZGORNCTFGT#WMVKQP6TKVQP+0GY;QTM0T

1288



'N5QNKFWUPCEJ6[RFGU#PCUVCUKWU++#TVGOKWUI$ÒUVGXXOKV-TQPG-TGW\INQDWUWPF#MC MKC-TGW\ CWH XKGT 5VWHGP N TGEJVG *CPF %0+ :8+++ 5   FQTV WPVGT +PVGTTGIPQ  )TKGT   UQP$NCEMDWTPp )1.&8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV8QT\ÒINKEJ  'ZGORNCTFGT#WMVKQP0#%/KNCPQ0T





&KG·W­GTUVUGNVGPGP5VÒEMGOKVFGT*CPFCPUVGNNGFGUFGP0COGPFGU*GT\QIUCP\GKIGPFGP$WEJUVCDGPUUKPFVGKN YGKUGOKVFGT'KPUGV\WPI)KUWNHU++FWTEJ-ÌPKI.KWVRTCPFKO,CJTG %CIKCVK VGKNYGKUGOKVFGOMWT\GP+PVGT TGIPWO PCEJ FGT 0KGFGTUEJNCIWPI FGU #WHUVCPFGU XQP *GT\QI .KWVRTCPF KO ,CJTG  5CODQP %0+  KP 8GTDKP   FWPIIGDTCEJVYQTFGP9CTYKEM9TQVJJ·NVGUHÒTYCJTUEJGKPNKEJFC­FKGUG5VÒEMGXQTFGP2T·IWPIGP)KUWNHU++ OKV FGO IG·PFGTVGP #XGTUV[ROKVFGT#MCMKCKPFGTNKPMGP*CPFFGUD[\CPVKPKUEJGP-CKUGTUIGRT·IVYQTFGPUKPF 'PVUEJGKFGPFUKPFHÒT9TQVJGKPGTUGKVUFKG#XGTUNGIGPFGPFKGFGPGPCWHFGP5QNKFK)KUWNHU++·JPGNPUQYKGUVKNKUVK UEJG'TY·IWPIGP&KGUG#TIWOGPVGFGPGPCWEJ9#1FF[HQNIV #PCN[UKUQHVJG)QNF%QKPCIGQH$GPGXGPVWO KP0%5 UKPFÒDGT\GWIGPF

1289



24

'N5QNKFWUPCEJ6[RFGU#PCUVCUKWU++#TVGOKWUI$ÒUVGXXOKV-TQPG-TGW\INQDWUWPF#MC MKC-TGW\ CWH XKGT 5VWHGP N TGEJVG *CPF %0+ :8+++ 5   FQTV WPVGT +PVGTTGIPQ  )TKGT   UQP$NCEMDWTPp )1.&8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV8QT\ÒINKEJ 


LANGOBARDEN

1290



'N6TGOKUUKU PCEJ 6[R FGU #PCUVCUKWU ++ #TVGOKWU  I $ÒUVG X X OKV -TQPG -TGW\INQDWU WPF   #MCMKC-TGW\N)T/QPQITCOO%0+:8+++5)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTPp  )1.&44(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ 

1291



.KWVRTCPF  'N5QNKFWU PCEJ 6[R FGU #PCUVCUKWU ++ #TVGOKWU   I $ÒUVG X X OKV   -TQPG -TGW\INQDWU WPF #MCMKC-TGW\ CWH XKGT 5VWHGP N . %0+ :8+++ p XGTIN  )TKGTUQP   $NCEMDWTPp )1.&8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV-NGKPG2TÒHUVGNNGCWHFGO4GXGTUXQT\ÒINKEJ 

1292



'N6TGOKUUKUPCEJ6[RFGU#PCUVCUKWU++#TVGOKWUI$ÒUVGXXOKV-TQPG-TGW\INQ DWUWPF#MCMKC-TGW\T/QPQITCOOHÒT&8:%0+:8+++5pXGTIN)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTPp XGTIN )1.&8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



'ZGORNCTFGT#WMVKQP0#%/KNCPQ0T  TGDGNNKGTVG.KWVRTCPFIGIGP-ÌPKI&GUKFGTKWUCNNGTFKPIUXGTIGDNKEJ.KWVRTCPFYWTFGPQEJCDIGUGV\V

1293



#TKEJKU++'N6TGOKUUKUI&TCRKGTVG$ÒUVGXXOKV-TQPGWPF-TGW\INQDWU -TGW\N#%0+:8+++5)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTP )1.&448QT\ÒINKEJ



1294



'N6TGOKUUKU   I &TCRKGTVG $ÒUVG X X OKV -TQPG WPF -TGW\INQDWU-TGW\ N # %0+   :8+++5)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTP )1.&448QT\ÒINKEJ  25


LANGOBARDEN

1295



'N6TGOKUUKU   I &TCRKGTVG $ÒUVG X X OKV -TQPG WPF -TGW\INQDWU-TGW\ N #   %0+:8+++5)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTP )1.&44)WVGUUGJTUEJÌP 

1296



)TKOQCNF+++Ô5QNKFWUOKV0COGP-CTNUFGU)TQ­GPI&TCRKGTVG$ÒUVGXX OKV-TQPGWPF-TGW\INQDWU-TGW\CWHFTGK5VWHGP%0+:8+++5)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTPp  )1.&44(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



1297



Ô6TGOKUUKU OKV 0COGP -CTNU FGU )TQ­GP   I &TCRKGTVG $ÒUVG X X OKV -TQPG WPF   -TGW\INQDWU-TGW\%0+:8+++5)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTP )1.&448QT\ÒINKEJ 

1298



Ô5QNKFWUI&TCRKGTVG$ÒUVGXXOKV-TQPGWPF-TGW\INQDWU-TGW\CWHFTGK5VWHGP %0+:8+++5)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTPpXGTIN )1.&448QT\ÒINKEJ



1299

 26

Ô6TGOKUUKU   I &TCRKGTVG $ÒUVG X X OKV -TQPG WPF -TGW\INQDWU-TGW\ CWH )NQDWU   %0+:8+++p)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTPp )1.&8QT\ÒINKEJ 


LANGOBARDEN

1300



Ô6TGOKUUKU   I &TCRKGTVG $ÒUVG X X OKV -TQPG WPF -TGW\INQDWU-TGW\ CWH )NQDWU   %0+:8+++p)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTPp )1.&5GJTUEJÌP  'ZGORNCTFGT#WMVKQP0#%<ÒTKEJ0T

1301



Õ&GPCTI/QPQITCOO\YKUEJGP-TGW\WPF5VGTP-TGW\CWH\YGK5VWHGPN#Tω %0+:8+++5)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTPpXGTIN 8QPITÌ­VGT5GNVGPJGKV5GJTUEJÌP



1302



5KEQ  'N5QNKFWU  I &TCRKGTVG $ÒUVG X X OKV -TQPG WPF -TGW\INQDWU&GT 'T\GPIGN   /KEJCGNXXOKV-TWOOUVCDWPF-TGW\INQDWU%0+:8+++pXGTIN5H)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTP )1.&448QT\ÒINKEJ  'ZGORNCTFGT#WMVKQP.CP\/ÒPEJGP0T

1303



Ô5QNKFWU$GPGXGPVI&TCRKGTVG$ÒUVGXXOKV-TQPGWPF-TGW\INQDWU&GT'T\GPIGN/KEJCGN XXOKV-TWOOUVCDWPF-TGW\INQDWU%0+:8+++pXGTIN5H)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTP )1.&44(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ 

1304



'N6TGOKUUKUI&TCRKGTVG$ÒUVGXXOKV-TQPGWPF-TGW\INQDWU-TGW\%0+:8+++p)TKGTUQP $NCEMDWTPpXGTIN )1.&44)WVGUUGJTUEJÌP



'ZGORNCTFGT#WMVKQP0#%$<ÒTKEJ0T

27


LANGOBARDEN

1305



Ã&#x2022;&GPCT  I /QPQITCOO-TGW\ CWH \YGK 5VWHGP %0+ :8+++ 5   XCT )TKGTUQP   $NCEMDWTPXCT 2T·IGUEJY·EJGPHCUVXQT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ



1306



5KECTF  'N5QNKFWU  I &TCRKGTVG $Ã&#x2019;UVG X X OKV -TQPG WPF -TGW\INQDWU-TGW\ CWH   \YGK5VWHGP\YKUEJGP5+%0+:8+++5)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTP )1.&(CUVXQT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ



1307



'N5QNKFWUI&TCRKGTVG$Ã&#x2019;UVGXXOKV-TQPGWPF-TGW\INQDWU-TGW\CWH\YGK5VWHGP\YKUEJGP 5+%0+:8+++pXGTIN5H)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTPpXGTIN )1.&8QT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ



1308



'N5QNKFWUI&TCRKGTVG$Ã&#x2019;UVGXXOKV-TQPGWPF-TGW\INQDWU-TGW\CWH\YGK5VWHGP\YKUEJGP 5+%0+:8+++pXGTIN5H)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTPpXGTIN  )1.&9KP\4CPFCWUDTWEJHCUVXQT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ



1309



28

'N5QNKFWUI&TCRKGTVG$Ã&#x2019;UVGXXOKV-TQPGWPF-TGW\INQDWU-TGW\CWH\YGK5VWHGP\YKUEJGP 5+%0+:8+++pXGTIN5)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTPpXGTIN  )1.&-NGKPG4GRCTCVWTUVGNNGCO4CPFHCUVXQT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ




LANGOBARDEN

1310



'N6TGOKUUKU  I &TCRKGTVG $ÒUVG X X OKV -TQPG WPF -TGW\INQDWU-TGW\ \YKUEJGP 5+   %0+:8+++XGTIN5)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTP )1.&5GJTUEJÌP



1311



Õ&GPCT  I /QPQITCOO-TGW\ CWH \YGK 5VWHGP %0+ :8+++ 5   XCT )TKGTUQP   $NCEMDWTPXCT 48QT\ÒINKEJ



1312



#FGNEJKU  Õ&GPCT  I #&. FCTÒDGT 2 FCTWPVGT 4-TGW\ %0+ :8+++ 5     )TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTPp 448QT\ÒINKEJ 

1313



Õ&GPCT  I -KTEJG-TGW\ CWH \YGK 5VWHGP %0+ :8+++ 5   )TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTP    445GJTUEJÌP 

1314



Õ&GPCTI/QPQITCOO\YKUEJGP-TGW\WPF1UVGPUQTKWO-TGW\CWH\YGK5VWHGP%0+:8+++ 5)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTP 448QT\ÒINKEJ 

1315



Õ&GPCTKO0COGPFGU-CKUGTU.WFYKI++WPFFGT-CKUGTKP#PIKNDGTICI-TGW\CWH \YGK5VWHGP-TGW\%0+:8+++5)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTP 448QT\ÒINKEJ

 29


LANGOBARDEN

1316



Õ&GPCT KO 0COGP FGU -CKUGTU .WFYKI ++ WPF FGT -CKUGTKP #PIKNDGTIC   I /QPQ   ITCOO5EJTKHV%0+:8+++5)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTPXCT 448QT\ÒINKEJ 

1317



#PQP[OÕ&GPCTI-TGW\N#Tω-TGW\%0+:8+++5)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTP 4(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



1318

(ÒTUVGPVWO5CNGTPQ 

5KEQPWNH  'N5QNKFWU  I &TCRKGTVG $ÒUVG X X OKV -TQPG WPF -TGW\INQDWU-TGW\ CWH   \YGK5VWHGP%0+:8+++5)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTP )1.&44)WVGUUGJTUEJÌP



1319



Õ&GPCT  I /QPQITCOO-TGW\ CWH FTGK 5VWHGP N -GKN WPF 5 T -GKN WPF + %0+ :8+++   5XGTINH)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTPp 8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV5GJTUEJÌP



'ZGORNCT FGT 5COONWPI /CTE 2QPEKP #WMVKQP %0)  .CPECUVGT  0T  WPF FGT #WMVKQP %0)    .CPECUVGT0T

1320

 30

Õ&GPCTI/QPQITCOO-TGW\CWHFTGK5VWHGP\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP-GKN%0+:8+++5 )TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTPXCT 8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV8QT\ÒINKEJ 


WESTGOTEN

1321



Õ&GPCTI/QPQITCOO-TGW\CWHFTGK5VWHGP\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP-GKN%0+:8+++pXGTIN 5)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTPXCT 8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV)WVGUUGJTUEJÌP



1322



#PQP[O Ô6CTK  *·NHVG FGU  ,CJTJWPFGTVU  I $GKFGTUGKVU MWHKUEJG 5EJTKHV )TKGT   UQP6TCXCKPKpXGTIN )1.&5GJTUEJÌP



&KG<WYGKUWPIKUVPKEJVIGUKEJGTV

1323

)'2+&'0 

Õ 5KNKSWC KO 0COGP FGU #PCUVCUKWU +  ,CJTJWPFGTV 5KTOKWO  I $ÒUVG T OKV &KCFGO   /QPQITCOOQDGP-TGW\WPVGP5VGTP&GOQXGTIN2N/GVNKEJXGTIN5(KI  8QT\ÒINKEJ



'ZGORNCTFGT#WMVKQP%0).CPECUVGT0T FQTVWPVGT1UVIQVGP6JGQFGTKEJ 

9'56)16'0 &KG9GUVIQVGPUKGFGNVGPWTURTÒPINKEJUGKVCNUTÌOKUEJG(ÌFGTCVGPKP)CNNKGP7PVGT#WUPWV\WPI FGT 5EJY·EJG FGU 4ÌOKUEJGP 9GUVTGKEJGU MQPPVGP UKG KJT 6GTTKVQTKWO DKU  XQP )CNNKGP ÒDGT FKG   2[TGP·GPJCNDKPUGN OKV #WUPCJOG FGU 6GTTKVQTKWOU FGT 5WGDGP GTYGKVGTP ō6QNQUCPKUEJGU 4GKEJŋ     HTÒJGU,CJTJWPFGTV 9GPPINGKEJUKGKJTGURTCEJNKEJG+FGPVKV·VDGYCJTGPMQPPVGPMPÒRHVGPFKG9GUV IQVGPKPKJTGT8GTYCNVWPIUWPF1TICPKUCVKQPUUVTWMVWTFQEJCPFKGPQEJXQTJCPFGPGPTÌOKUEJGP5VTWMVW TGPCPWPVGTNCIGPFKG9GUVIQVGPWPVGTKJTGO-ÌPKI#NCTKEJFGPOKVFGP$WTIWPFGTPXGTDÒPFGVGP (TCPMGPWPVGTKJTGO-ÌPKI%JNQFYKIKPFGT5EJNCEJVXQP8QWKNN¾'UHQNIVGFKGKPVGPUKXGTGWPFWOEC  CDIGUEJNQUUGPG $GUKGFNWPI FGT KDGTKUEJGP *CNDKPUGN OKV FGT *CWRVUVCFV 6QNGFQ ō6QNGFCPKUEJGU   4GKEJŋ   HTÒJGU  ,CJTJWPFGTV  +P FGT \YGKVGP *·NHVG FGU  ,CJTJWPFGTVU MCO GU FWTEJ UV·PFKIG   6JTQPUVTGKVKIMGKVGP \W GKPGT KPPGPRQNKVKUEJGP -TKUG FKG FGT UKEJ UGKV  CPDCJPGPFGP $GFTQJWPI   FWTEJFKG#TCDGTMGKPGPIGGKPVGP9KFGTUVCPFGPVIGIGPUVGNNGPMQPPVG#O,WNKMCOGU\WTXGT J·PIPKUXQNNGP 0KGFGTNCIG FGT YGUVIQVKUEJGP 6TWRRGP WPVGT KJTGO -ÌPKI 4QFGTKEJ KP FGT 5EJNCEJV CO   )WCFCNGVG +P FGT (QNIG\GKV DKU  YWTFG FKG 2[TGP·GPJCNDKPUGN XQP FGP #TCDGTP DKU CWH GKP MNGKPGU   6GTTKVQTKWOKO0QTFYGUVGPGTQDGTVFCU\WT-GKO\GNNGFGTFKGP·EJUVGP,CJTGCPFCWGTPFGPEJTKUVNK EJGP 4ÒEMGTQDGTWPI YWTFG ō4GEQPSWKUVCŋ  #NNG YGUVIQVKUEJGP -ÌPKIG XQP  DKU \WT CTCDKUEJGP   'TQDGTWPIUKPFKPÒDGTXGTUEJKGFGPGP/ÒP\UV·VVGPFWTEJ)GRT·IGDGNGIV  

1324



#PQP[O Ô6TGOKUUKU KO 0COGP FGU .KDKWU 5GXGTWU  ICNNKUEJG /ÒP\UV·VVG  I &0 5   '8'4852(#8%&TCRKGTVG$ÒUVGTOKV4QUGVVGPFKCFGO8+%64##8%%%8KEVQTKCUVGJVNOKV .CPIMTGW\KO#DUEJPKVV%101$4+%pXGTINHH 44)1.&5GJTUEJÌP



'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0T

31


WESTGOTEN

1325



Ô6TGOKUUKU XQT   6QWNQWUG QFGT 0CTDQPPG  I +O 0COGP #PCUVCUKWU +  &0   #0#56#5+8522#8%&TCRKGTVG$ÒUVGTOKV&KCFGO8+%614+##8%856148+8KEVQTKCIGJV TOKV-TCP\WPF2CNO\YGKIKO#DUEJPKVV%1/1$6QOCUKPKXGTIN )1.&5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ  'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0T &KG2T·IWPIGPVUVCPFXGTOWVNKEJY·JTGPFFGT4GIKGTWPIU\GKV#NCTKEJU  



1326



Ô6TGOKUUKUKO0COGPFGU,WUVKPWU+0CTDQPPG ! I&0+#56+++#522#8+)&TCRKGTVG $ÒUVGTOKV2GTNFKCFGO8+%6148##8)856148#$8KEVQTKCIGJVTOKV-TCP\WPF2CNO\YGKI 6QOCUKPK )1.&#VVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT



'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0T

1327



Ô6TGOKUUKUI+O0COGP,WUVKPWU+0CTDQPPG ! &0+856+08522#8%&TCRKGTVG$ÒUVG T OKV &KCFGO8+%614+#  #+%85 #+ 8KEVQTKC IGJV T OKV -TCP\ WPF 2CNO\YGKI KO #DUEJPKVV   %1/1$$GNHQTVXCT6QOCUKPKXCT )1.&(CUVUGJTUEJÌP 'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0T &KG2T·IWPIGPVUVCPFXGTOWVNKEJY·JTGPFFGT4GIKGTWPIU\GKV#OCNCTKEJU  





1328



Ô6TGOKUUKUKO0COGPFGU,WUVKPWU+0CTDQPPG ! I&0+856+0852(#8)&TCRKGTVG $ÒUVG T OKV 2GTNFKCFGO8+%614+#  #  )856148# 8KEVQTKC IGJV T OKV -TCP\ WPF 2CNO\YGKI   6QOCUKPKXINHH )1.&(CUVUGJTUEJÌP



'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0T

1329



Ô5QNKFWUKO0COGPFGU+WUVKPKCPWU+I0+856+00#0+)GRCP\GTVG$ÒUVGXXOKV*GNO 5RGGTWPF5EJKNF8+%614+##8)))8KEVQTKCUVGJVNOKV%JTKUVQITCOOUVCDFCXQT5VGTPKO#D UEJPKVV%101$)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTPp4GKPJCTV6H )1.&8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV5GJTUEJÌP 'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0T

32




WESTGOTEN

1330



Ô5QNKFWU KO 0COGP FGU +WUVKPKCPWU +  I & 0 +#56+ 00#0+)GRCP\GTVG$ÒUVGXXOKV *GNO5RGGTWPF5EJKNF8+%614+##8)))<8KEVQTKCUVGJVNOKV%JTKUVQITCOOUVCDFCXQT5VGTP KO#DUEJPKVV%101$)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTPp4GKPJCTVpXGTIN6H  )1.&8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV5GJTUEJÌP 'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0T



1331



Ô5QNKFWU KO 0COGP FGU +WUVKPKCPWU +  I & 0 +856+ 00#0+)GRCP\GTVG$ÒUVGXXOKV *GNO 5RGGT WPF 5EJKNF8+%614+  +  # #8))) 8KEVQTKC UVGJV N OKV %JTKUVQITCOOUVCD FCXQT   5VGTPKO#DUEJPKVV%101$)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTPp4GKPJCTV6H  )1.&8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV$TQUEJKGTURWTCWHFGO#XGTUUGJTUEJÌP  'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0T

1332



Ô6TGOKUUKUKO0COGPFGU+WUVKPKCPWU+$CTEGNQPCI&0+856+0+#085&TCRKGTVG$ÒUVGT OKV 2GTNFKCFGO8+%61#+  +61+#8+ 8KEVQTKC IGJV T OKV -TCP\ WPF 2CNO\YGKI KO #DUEJPKVV %1   01+6QOCUKPK)TQWR,#0XGTIN #XGTUUVGORGNINGKEJ  44)1.&)GNQEJVUGJTUEJÌP 'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0T



1333



Ô6TGOKUUKUKO0COGPFGU+WUVKPWU++'XQTCI++%0+Θ&TCRKGTVG$ÒUVGTOKV2GTNFKCFGO #++88KEVQTKCIGJVTOKV-TCP\WPF2CNO\YGKI6QOCUKPK)TQWR,++ 44)1.&5GJTUEJÌP



1334



6JGQFGTKEJ  Ô5QNKFWU KO 0COGP FGU *QPQTKWU  ICNNKUEJG /ÒP\UV·VVG  I   &TCRKGTVG $ÒUVG T OKV 4QUGVVGPFKCFGO-CKUGT UVGJV X X OKV 5VCPFCTVG WPF 8KEVQTKC CWH )NQDWU (W­   CWH)GHCPIGPGO4+% )1.&9KP\-TCV\GTIWVGUUGJTUEJÌP 

'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0T

33


WESTGOTEN

1335



Ô6TGOKUUKUKO0COGPFGU8CNGPVKPKCPWU+++ICNNKUEJG/ÒP\UV·VVGI&TCRKGTVG$ÒUVGT OKV2GTNFKCFGO+P.QTDGGTMTCP\-TGW\4+% )1.&5GJTUEJÌP

'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0T



1336



4GEECTGF+Ô6TGOKUUKU0CTDQPPGI$GKFGTUGKVU$ÒUVGXX%08/KNGUC 2NKGIQC FKGU'ZGORNCT  )1.&8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV8QT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT

'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0T



1337



5KUGDWV  Ô6TGOKUUKU 'OGTKVC /GTKFC   I $GKFGTUGKVU $ÒUVG X X %08    /KNGU2NKGIQF )1.&5GJTUEJÌP 'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0T



1338



Ô6TGOKUUKU 0CTDQPPG  I$GKFGTUGKVU$ÒUVGXX%08 FKGU'ZGORNCT /KNGUp2NKGIQ D FKGUGU'ZGORNCT  )1.&8QPITÌ­VGT5GNVGPJGKV8QT\ÒINKEJ

'ZGORNCT FGT 5COONWPI $GTPCTF %JYCTV\ #WMVKQP #NFG 2CTKU  0T  FQTV OKV KTTVÒONKEJGT   2TQXGPKGP\ WPFFGT5COONWPI%QTGU



1339



Ô6TGOKUUKU 0CTDQPPG  I$GKFGTUGKVU$ÒUVGXX%08 FKGU'ZGORNCT /KNGUp2NKGIQ  FKGU'ZGORNCT  )1.&7PKMWO8QT\ÒINKEJ

'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0T

34




WESTGOTEN

1340



Ô6TGOKUUKU 0CTDQPPG  I$GKFGTUGKVU$ÒUVGXX%08 FKGU'ZGORNCT /KNGUp2NKGIQ C FKGU'ZGORNCT  )1.&8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV4ÒEMUGKVGGVYCUFG\GPVTKGTVUGJTUEJÌP  'ZGORNCT FGT 5COONWPI $GTPCTF %JYCTV\ #WMVKQP #NFG 2CTKU  0T  WPF FGT #WMVKQP 0#%     <ÒTKEJ0T

1341



4GEEGUXKPVJWU  Ô5QNKFWU 'OGTKVC  I &TCRKGTVG $ÒUVG T-TGW\ CWH FTGK 5VWHGP   %08/KNGUC2NKGIQD )1.&445GJTUEJÌP 

1342



Ô5QNKFWU6QNGFQI&TCRKGTVG$ÒUVGT-TGW\CWHXKGT5VWHGP%08/KNGUC2NKGIQ )1.&448QT\ÒINKEJ



1343



'TXKEKWU  Ô6TGOKUUKU 6QNGFQ  I &TCRKGTVG $ÒUVG T-TGW\ CWH FTGK 5VWHGP %08   /KNGUH2NKGIQN )1.&44/KPIGYGNNVUGJTUEJÌP 

1344



'IKECÔ6TGOKUUKU)GTWPFCI-QRHXX-TGW\CWHFTGK5VWHGP%08/KNGU 2NKGIQ )1.&8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ  'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0T

35


WESTGOTEN

1345



Ô6TGOKUUKU 0CTDQPPG  I &TCRKGTVG $ÒUVG T-TGW\ CWH FTGK 5VWHGP \W FGP 5GKVGP LG GKPG   $NWOG%08NGKEJVXCT/KNGUD2NKGIQE )1.&48QT\ÒINKEJ  'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0T

1346



Ô6TGOKUUKU 6QNGFQ  I $TWUVDKNF T OKV -TGW\UVCD-TGW\ CWHFTGK5VWHGPFCTWPVGT-WIGN\YK UEJGP\YGK%%08XCT/KNGUFXCT2NKGIQF FKGU'ZGORNCT   )1.&5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ  'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0T

1347



'IKEC  OKV 9KVK\\C Ô6TGOKUUKU 0CTDQPPG  I $GKFGT $ÒUVGP GKPCPFGT IGIGPÒDGT   FC\YKUEJGP-TGW\/QPQITCOO%08XCT FKGU'ZGORNCT /KNGUD2NKGIQJ FKGU 'ZGORNCT  )1.&44CPFCWUDTWEJUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ  'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0TWPFFGT5COONWPI%QTGU

1348



'N6TGOKUUKU 'IKVCPKC  I $GKFGT $ÒUVGP GKPCPFGT IGIGPÒDGT FC\YKUEJGP -TGW\/QPQITCOO   %08/KNGUXGTINDHH2NKGIQD )1.&448QT\ÒINKEJ 

1349



'N6TGOKUUKU +URCNK  I $GKFGT $ÒUVGP GKPCPFGT IGIGPÒDGT FC\YKUEJGP -TGW\/QPQITCOO   %08/KNGUCXCT2NKGIQC FKGU'ZGORNCT  )1.&44CPFCWUDTWEJUGJTUEJÌP 'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0T

36




WESTGOTEN

1350



'N6TGOKUUKU 6QNGFQ  I $GKFGT $ÒUVGP GKPCPFGT IGIGPÒDGT FC\YKUEJGP -TGW\/QPQITCOO   %08XCT/KNGUFMXCT2NKGIQXCT )1.&45GJTUEJÌP  'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0T

1351



'N6TGOKUUKU 6QNGFQ  I $GKFGT $ÒUVGP GKPCPFGT IGIGPÒDGT FC\YKUEJGP -TGW\/QPQITCOO   %08/KNGU2NKGIQGG FKGU'ZGORNCT  )1.&45EJT��VNKPIUTK­UGJTUEJÌP  'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0T

1352



9KVK\\C  Ô6TGOKUUKU 0CTDQPPG  I $ÒUVG T-TGW\ CWH FTGK 5VWHGP \W FGP 5GKVGP LG   GKPG$NWOG%08/KNGU2NKGIQF FKGU'ZGORNCT  )1.&44CPFCWUDTWEJUGJTUEJÌP  'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0T

1353

1354



#PQP[OG $TQP\GOÒP\GP “0WOOWU !  5GXKNNC  I 52-TGW\ ÒDGT \YGK 5VWHGP %TWUCHQPV K   5CDCVGT)TWRQ#+52#.+ 45GJTUEJÌP





“0WOOWU !  6QNGFQ  I $TWUVDKNF T FCXQT -TGW\/QPQITCOO <YGK PCEJ CW­GP IGMGJTVG   2FC\YKUEJGP-TGW\ %TWUCHQPVK5CDCVGT)TWRQ&61.'61 45GJTUEJÌP



1355



“0WOOWU !  WPDGUVKOOVG /ÒP\UV·VVG  I WPF  I -QRH QFGT $TWUVDKNF5GEJUUVTCJNKIGT   5VGTP %JTKUVWUOQPQITCOO! %TWUCHQPVK5CDCVGT)TWRQ(+0%+'46#5XIN.±OKPC  5VÒEM4(CUVUGJTUEJÌP

 37


OSTGOTEN

1356

156)16'0 

#VJCNCTKEJÔ5QNKFWUOKV0COGP+WUVKPKCPWU+4QOI)GRCP\GTVG$ÒUVGX XOKV*GNO5RGGTWPF5EJKNF8KEVQTKCUVGJVNOKV.CPIMTGW\N5VGTP*CJP/+$p-TCWUp/GV NKEJ )1.&48QT\ÒINKEJ



1357



Õ5KNKSWCOKV0COGP+WUVKPKCPWU+4CXGPPCI&TCRKGTVG$ÒUVGTOKV&KCFGO+P -TCP\&0#6*#.#4+%854+:*CJP/+$-TCWU/GVNKEJ  -N5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­UGJTUEJÌP



'ZGORNCTFGT#WMVKQP(TKV\4WFQNH-ÒPMGT1UPCDTÒEM0T

1358



Ô5QNKFWU OKV 0COGP +WUVKPKCPWU +  4CXGPPC  I )GRCP\GTVG $ÒUVG X X OKV *GNO   5RGGTWPF5EJKNF8KEVQTKCUVGJVNOKV.CPIMTGW\N5VGTP*CJP/+$ 4QO -TCWU/GVNKEJC )1.&4)WVGUUGJTUEJÌP  'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0T

1359



Ô6TGOKUUKUKO0COGPFGU+WUVKPKCPWU+4CXGPPCI&TCRKGTVG$ÒUVGTOKV&KCFGO 8KEVQTKCIGJVTOKV-TCP\WPF-TGW\T5VGTP*CJP/+$XGTINC-TCWUXGTINHH/GVNKEJ )1.&/KPIGYGNNVCVVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT 'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0T &CU5VÒEMYWTFGOÌINKEJGTYGKUGCWEJWPVGT6JGQFCJCVQFGT9KVKIKUIGRT·IV





1360

 38

6JGQFCJCF  “&GECPWOOKWO 4QO  I &TCRKGTVG $ÒUVG FGT 4QOC T OKV *GNO+P   -TCP\&06*'1&#*#6*854':*CJP/+$-TCWU/GVNKEJ 5EJÌPUGJTUEJÌP




BURGUNDER

1361

$74)70&'4 

Ô6TGOKUUKU PCEJ I+O0COGP#PCUVCUKWU+&0#0#56#5+85240%&TCRKGTVG$ÒUVG T OKV &KCFGO+8%614+8)8618/ 8KEVQTKC IGJV T OKV-TCP\WPF2CNO\YGKITKO(GNF)8$ /QPQITCOOKO#DUEJPKVV%101&$GNHQTVXCT6QOCUKPK)TWRRG#XCT  )1.&45GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ 'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0T &KG2T·IWPIGPVUVCPFXGTOWVNKEJY·JTGPFFGT4GIKGTWPIU\GKV)WPFQDCFU  KP.[QP

1363

1362



Ô6TGOKUUKU XQT +O0COGP#PCUVCUKWU+  I&0#0#56#5+8524(#8&TC RKGTVG$ÒUVGTOKV&KCFGO8+%614+##%856148/8KEVQTKCIGJVTOKV-TCP\WPF2CNO\YGKIKO #DUEJPKVV%101$$GNHQTVXCT6QOCUKPK )1.&5GJTUEJÌP 'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0T &KG2T·IWPIGPVUVCPFXGTOWVNKEJY·JTGPFFGT4GIKGTWPIU\GKV)WPFQDCFU  



Ô6TGOKUUKU XQT   +O 0COGP #PCUVCUKWU +    I &0 #0#56# 5+85 24 #8%   &TCRKGTVG $ÒUVG T OKV &KCFGO8+%614+# #+8% 5610#+ 8KEVQTKC IGJV T OKV -TCP\ WPF 2CNO   \YGKIKO#DUEJPKVV%101$$GNHQTVXCT6QOCUKPKp )1.&5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

1364





1365

Ô6TGOKUUKU PCEJ +O0COGP,WUVKPKCPU+  I&0+856+#08522#%&TCRKGTVG $ÒUVGTOKV&KCFGO8+%614+# #%8561480+%8KEVQTKCIGJVTOKV-TCP\$GNHQTV  )1.&5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ 'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0T &KG2T·IWPIGPVUVCPFXGTOWVNKEJY·JTGPFFGT4GIKGTWPIU\GKV%JKNFGDGTVU  KP.[QP







'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0T &KG2T·IWPIGPVUVCPFXGTOWVNKEJY·JTGPFFGT4GIKGTWPIU\GKV)WPFQDCFU  











Ô6TGOKUUKU PCEJ   .[QP +O 0COGP ,WUVKPKCPU +    I &0+856+#085 22 8%   &TCRKGTVG$ÒUVGTOKV&KCFGO8+%614+# #%85614808KEVQTKCIGJVTOKV-TCP\KO#DUEJPKVV %1/1$.CHCWTKG400T6H:+: )1.&8QT\ÒINKEJ  'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0T &KG2T·IWPIGPVUVCPFXGTOWVNKEJY·JTGPFFGT4GIKGTWPIU\GKV%JKNFGDGTVU  



1366



Ô6TGOKUUKU .[QP +O 0COGP ,WUVKPKCPU +  I+0#6#++#0#&TCRKGTVG$ÒUVGTOKV &KCFGO+06#08#0#8KEVQTKCIGJVTOKV-TCP\WPF-TGW\T%58IN$GNHQTV  )1.&8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV7PGFKGTV5GJTUEJÌP 'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0T &KG2T·IWPIGPVUVCPFXGTOWVNKEJY·JTGPFFGT4GIKGTWPIU\GKV%JNQVCTU+  





39


MEROWINGER

1367

#010;/ 

Ô5QNKFWU KO 0COGP FGU #PCUVCUKWU  I )GRCP\GTVG $ÒUVG X X OKV *GNO 5RGGT WPF 5EJKNF   8KEVQTKCUVGJVNOKV-TGW\T5VGTP)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTPp.CECOp )1.&445GJTUEJÌP



'UJCPFGNVUKEJWOGKPGPYGUVNKEJGP$GKUEJNCI\WGKPGO5QNKFWUFGU#PCUVCUKWUFGTNGKFGTPKEJVIGPCW\W\WQTFPGPKUV

&#54'+%*&'4(4#0-'0 /'419+0)'4 W­GTNKEJYQJNOCTMCPVGUVGU/GTMOCNFGTOGTQYKPIKUEJGP/ÒP\RT·IWPIPCEJFGT2JCUGFGTRUGWFQKO RGTKCNGPWPFPCVKQPCNGP2T·IWPIGP EC KUVFKG6CVUCEJGFCUUKPFGT7OUEJTKHVCPFKG5VGNNGFGU -ÌPKIUGKP2GTUQPGPPCOGOKVFGO\WOGKUVCDIGMÒT\VGP<WUCV\OQPGVCTKWUVTKVV#WEJYKTFKPFGT4GIGN GKP 1TVUPCOG OKV GKPGT JKP\WVTGVGPFGP NCVGKPKUEJGP ō1TVUSWCNKHKMCVKQPŋ DGKURKGNUYGKUG EKXKVCU ECUVTC   FQOWU QFGT OCNNC  IGPCPPV 5Q UKPF DKU JGWVG GVYC  XGTUEJKGFGPG 2GTUQPGP WPF OGJT CNU    1TVUPCOGPÒDGTNKGHGTV&CUIGPCWG5[UVGOYGNEJGUUKEJJKPVGTFKGUGT6TKGPVGPRT·IWPIXGTDKTIVMQPPVG PQEJPKEJV\YGKHGNUHTGKIGMN·TVYGTFGP\WOCNGKPFGTCTVFKEJVGU0GV\XQP/ÒP\UV·VVGPPKEJVTGEJV\WO $KNFGKPGTYGKVGUVIGJGPFCITCTKUEJQTICPKUKGTVGP)GUGNNUEJCHVRCUUGPYKNN/CPFCTHJKPVGTFKGUGP/QPG VCTGPCDGTYQJN\WTGEJVōGKPGUQ\KCNWPFHWPMVKQPCNJGTCWUIGJQDGPG5EJKEJVXQP8GTYCNVWPIUVT·IGTPCWH NQMCNGT'DGPGŋ $-NWIG0WOKUOCVKMFGU/KVVGNCNVGTU5 CPPGJOGPWPFCWEJGKP<WUCOOGPJCPI OKVFGO5VGWGTU[UVGOKUVYCJTUEJGKPNKEJ&KG<GKVFGT/QPGVCTOÒP\GPFCWGTVGXQPECWPFKJT 'PFGH·NNVOKVFGT#DNÌUWPIFGTFGT)QNFFWTEJGKPG5KNDGTY·JTWPIKO(TCPMGPTGKEJ\WUCOOGP

1368

#+4'574#&174 

6TKGPU  I /ÒP\OGKUVGT $#86*#4+85 $#86*#4+85 -QRH T OKV &KCFGO#6844' (+6   -TGW\CWH5VWHG\WFGP5GKVGP#WPF5KO#DUEJPKVV-WIGNWPFUGEJU2WPMVG$GNHQTV  )1.&8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV4CPFCWUDTWEJUGJTUEJÌP  'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0T  #KTGUWTN #FQWTKUVFKGGKP\KIGOGTQYKPIKUEJG/ÒP\UV·VVGKOJGWVKIGPHTCP\ÌUKUEJGP&¾RCTVGOGPV.CPFGU0GDGP GKPGO6TKGPUXQP-ÌPKI%JCTKDGTV+  UKPFPQEJGKPKIGUGNVGPG2T·IWPIGPFGT/QPGVCTG'UEWRKNKWU(TGFG OGTWUWPF$CWVJCTKWUDGMCPPVFKGKPFKG2T·IGRGTKQFGHCNNGP

1369

#7670 

6TKGPU  I /ÒP\OGKUVGT (.1485 #8)856+&801 (+ $ÒUVG T OKV 2GTNFKCFGO(+114++5   /10++//%JTKUVWUOQPQITCOOCWH\YGK5VWHGP\WFGP5GKVGP#)$GNHQTV  )1.&4#VVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT  'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0T  6TQV\FGTCWHHCNNGPFGP)TCRJKG(+114++5MCPPMGKP<YGKHGNFCTCPDGUVGJGPFCUUGUUKEJWOGKPGP/ÒP\OGKUVGTOKV FGONCVGKPKUEJGP0COGP(NQTWU NCVHNQUHNQTKUFKG$NWOG JCPFGNV XIN(GNFGT'&KG2GTUQPGPPCOGPCWHFGP OGTQYKPIKUEJGP/ÒP\GPFGT$KDNKQVJ½SWGPCVKQPCNGFG(TCPEG/ÒPEJGP5 

40


MEROWINGER

1371

1370

$#.#61001 $#..10  

6TKGPU  I /ÒP\OGKUVGT+51$#8&'5$#.#6100$TWUVDKNFT +51$#8&'#PMGTMTGW\CWH )NQDWUKP\YGK9KPMGNP-TGW\G$GNHQTV )1.&448QT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT



6TKGPU  I $TWUVDKNF T OKV &KCFGO FCXQT $#0)#8#.'6#01 -GNEJ KO #DUEJPKVV (++6   $GNHQTVXCT )1.&44)WVGUUGJTUEJÌP 



$#00#%+#%7/ $#0755#% 

1373

1372

$14&'#7: 

6TKGPU  I /ÒP\OGKUVGT $'46')+5'.85 $84&')#.# -QRH T OKV &KCFGO$'46+%*+%   #PMGTMTGW\$GNHQTV )1.&8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ  'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0T

%#*145 

6TKGPU  I /ÒP\OGKUVGT /#)085 %#&14%# (Ù -QRH T OKV&KCFGO/#Ù)085/16CWDG PCEJTOKV<YGKIKO5EJPCDGN$GNHQTV )1.&8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV5GJTUEJÌP



'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0T

1374

1375

%*#.105745#10' 

6TKGPU  I '56#+#56 -QRH N OKV &KCFGO%#8+.  +%++8 -N 8KMVQTKC X X WPVGT$CNFCEJKP FCTCWH5VGTP$GNHQTVp )1.&7PGFKGTV5GJTUEJÌP  'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0T &KG8QTFGTUGKVGUEJGKPVFGP0COGPFGU$KUVWOUJGKNKIGP5VGRJCPWUKPFGT7OUEJTKHV\WGPVJCNVGP





6TKGPU/ÒP\OGKUVGT88+064+1I= %#$+.?1001(+6$ÒUVGTOKV2GTNFKCFGO 88=+06? 4+1/10-TGW\CWH\YGK5VWHGP\YKUEJGP%#$GNHQTV )1.&5GJTUEJÌP



'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0T

1376

%.16' 

6TKGPUI/ÒP\OGKUVGT.'1&1#.&85 %.16='(+6?$ÒUVGTOKV&KCFGO .'1&1#.&1 -TGW\$GNHQTVXIN  )1.&8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV-PCRRGT5EJTÌVNKPIUQPUVHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT

&CUDGK#$GNHQTVXGT\GKEJPGVG'ZGORNCT\GKIVKOFTKVVGPWPFXKGTVGP9KPMGNFGU-TGW\GUCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVGPQEJ FKG $WEJUVCDGP *  %+ FKG DGK FKGUGO 5VÒEM HGJNGP &GT 1TV %.16' MQPPVG DKUNCPI PKEJV NQMCNKUKGTV YGTFGP #   $GNHQTVNÌUVGKJPOKV%NQUCWHYCUUQXKGNYKGIGUEJNQUUGPQFGTWOHTKGFGVDGFGWVGV



41


MEROWINGER

1378

1377

&14'56#& 0+'&'4.#0&'  

6TKGPU  I /ÒP\OGKUVGT /#&'.+085 14Û'56#6 (+ $TWUVDKNF T OKV &KCFGO/#&'.+085   /-TGW\CWHGKPGT5VWHGÒDGTUGEJU-WIGNP$GNHQTVXCT  )1.&44-N4CPFHGJNGTUQPUVHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ 



6TKGPU  I /ÒP\OGKUVGT /'&8.(85 ('  48%+#%1 -QRH T OKV &KCFGO /'&8.(1   /1-TGW\$GNHQTVp )1.&8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV9CJTUEJGKPNKEJWPGFKGTV -N2TÒHUVGNNGCO4CPFUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ 

('447%+#%7/ 56'6+'00'&'(745#% 

&KG0COGPDGNGIGHÒTGKPGP/ÒP\OGKUVGT/'&8.(85UKPFUQYQJN\GKVNKEJCNUCWEJIGQITCRJKUEJUGJTDGUEJT·PMV WPFMQP\GPVTKGTGPUKEJCWHFKG/ÒP\UV·VVGP%#/2164'%+1 6TQKUEJCORU .+/#4+#%1 .KOGTC[ 8#&&10 0#%18+ YCJTUEJGKPNKEJ)CPPC[UWT.QKTG 0#0%+#%1 0CPE[ #/$+#0+5 #OKGPU $'66+0+5 ! $14 $10' $QWTDQP.CPE[ WPF0#/0'6+5 0CPVGU /KVFGOXQTNKGIGPFGP'ZGORNCTMQOOVPQEJ('448%+#%8/

5CKPV—VKGPPGFG(WTUCE JKP\W

1379

)+<+# 

6TKGPU  I /ÒP\OGKUVGT 4#)01/#485 )#%+#%1 (+6 -QRH T OKV &KCFGO4#)0   -TGW\\WFGP5GKVGP)#$GNHQTV )1.&8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV5GJTUEJÌP  'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0T

1380

.;10 

&GPCT$KUEJÌHNKEJG/ÒP\UV·VVGI .8=)?-TGW\KPFGP9KPMGNP82'5$GNHQTV  44-N2T·IGUEJY·EJGUGJTUEJÌP



1381

/#45'+..' 

)WPFQYCNF5QNKFWU\W5KNKSWGPKO0COGPFGU6KDGTKWU++%QPUVCPVKPWU  I &06+$%1056#0622#8)$ÒUVGTOKV&KCFGO8+%14+##8%%#-TGW\CWH)NQDWU\W FGP5GKVGP/# ::+KO#DUEJPKVV%101$$GNHQTVp  )1.&8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV5GJTUEJÌP 'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0T

42




MEROWINGER

1382



%JNQVJCT ++  5QNKFWU \W  5KNKSWGP KO 0COGP FGU /CWTKMKQU    I &0   /#848++'422#8%$ÒUVGTOKV&KCFGO8+%14+##8%%8+-TGW\CWH)NQDWU\WFGP5GKVGP/ #::+KO#DUEJPKVV%101$$GNHQTVXCT )1.&8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV5GJTUEJÌP  'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0T

1383



5QNKFWU  I %.16#4.  $TWUVDKNF OKV &KCFGO T=8+%6?14+# %*.1-TGW\ CWH   )NQDWU\WFGP5GKVGP/#WPF::$GNHQTVXCT  )1.&8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV/KV\GKVIGPÌUUKUEJGO*GPMGNUGJTUEJÌP  'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0T

1384

2#.#6+8/ 

&CIQDGTV+6TKGPUI/ÒP\OGKUVGT'.+)+85=&#)1$'468?54':$TWUVDKNFTOKV &KCFGO= /10'6#?2#.#6+ -TGW\ %JTKUVWUOQPQITCOO ÒDGT\YGK5VWHGP\WFGP5GKVGP'. +%+$GNHQTV )1.&8QPITÌ­VGT5GNVGPJGKV.GKEJVIGYGNNVUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



$GK FGO CWHFKGUGO6[RIGPCPPVGP/ÒP\OGKUVGT'.+%+ WU JCPFGNVGUUKEJOKV\KGONKEJGT5KEJGTJGKVWOFGPCO *QHG FGT OGTQYKPIKUEJGP -ÌPKIG %JNQVJCT ++   WPF &CIQDGTV  V·VKIGPWPFUR·VGTJGKNKIIGURTQ EJGPGP'NKIKWU5EJWV\RCVTQPFGT)QNFUEJOKGFGWPF/ÒP\OGKUVGT/ÒP\GPKO0COGPGKPGU-ÌPKIUUKPFUGJTUGNVGP WPFVTGVGPPWTCPYGPKIGP1TVGPFGU/GTQYKPIGTTGKEJGUCWH'IQP(GNFGTUGV\VKPUGKPGT7PVGTUWEJWPIFGT2GTUQ PGPPCOGPCWHFGPOGTQYKPIKUEJGP/ÒP\GPFKG2T·IGUV·VVGPCPICDG2#.#6+8/OKV2CTKUINGKEJ/KVFGT8GTDKP FWPI XQP -ÌPKIUPCOGP WPF FGO YQJN DGTÒJOVGUVGP HTÒJOKVVGNCNVGTNKEJGP /ÒP\OGKUVGT JCDGP YKT JKGT GKPG FGT   ITQ­GP5GNVGPJGKVGPFGT/KVVGNCNVGTPWOKUOCVKMXQTWPU

1385

2:1

2:1

6+.%*Œ6'. 

6TKGPU  I /ÒP\OGKUVGT #5%*+.#+%85 6+.# %#5641 -QRHTOKV&KCFGO#5%*+.#+%1 /1-TGW\CWH\YGK5VWHGP\WFGP5GKVGP#%$GNHQTV FKGU'ZGORNCT   )1.&7PKMWO-N-PKEMURWTUGJTUEJÌP



'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0T  '(GNFGTYGKUVCWHFKGWPIGYÌJPNKEJG5EJTGKDWPIXQP5%*CWHFGOXQTNKGIGPFGP'ZGORNCTJKPWPFFGWVGVUKGCNU QTVJQITCRJKUEJG8CTKCPVGXQP5%XINNCVUEJQNCUEQNC (GNFGT'&KG2GTUQPGPPCOGPCWHFGPOGTQYKPIKUEJGP /ÒP\GPFGT$KDNKQVJ½SWGPCVKQPCNGFG(TCPEG/ÒPEJGP5 &KG$GFGWVWPIFGU'TUVINKGFGUKO0COGPFGU /ÒP\OGKUVGTUKUVYQJN'UEJGPURGGT \WCNVJQEJFGWVUEJCUECNVGPINKUEJCGUM'UEJG 

43


MEROWINGER

1386

61745 

&GPCT  I 68410'5/QPQITCOO \W FGP 5GKVGP LG GKP -TGW\ \YKUEJGP \YGK -WIGNP-QRH N   $GNHQTVp)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTPXIN 4ÒEMUGKVG  449KP\4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP



1387

70$'56+//6'/ª0<5666'0 

5QNKFWU KO 0COGP FGU #PCUVCUKWU + WO   I &0 #0#56#5+85 22 #8) )GRCP\GTVG   $ÒUVGXXOKV*GNO5RGGTWPF5EJKNF8+%614++##8%%%++8KEVQTKCUVGJVNOKV%JTKUVQITCOO UVCDN5VGTPKO#DUEJPKVV%101$ )1.&/KPIGYGNNVUGJTUEJÌP  'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0T 



1388



6TKGPU 2UGWFQKORGTKCNG 2T·IWPI 6[R ,WUVKPKCPWU  I 058456+0% &TCRKGTVG $ÒUVG N OKV   &KCFGO8KEVQTKCXXOKV-TCP\WPF-TGW\KO#DUEJPKVVÛ0Û$GNHQTVXINWPF  )1.&5GJTUEJÌP 

1389



9CJTUEJGKPNKEJDWTIWPFKUEJGT4CWO6TKGPU+O0COGP,WUVKPU+  I&0+856+085 22#8%&TCRKGTVG$ÒUVGNOKV&KCFGO8616++8#+6+6+18KEVQTKCUVGJVXXOKV-TGW\WPF-TCP\ KO#DUEJPKVVÛ0Û$GNHQTVXCT )1.&(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0T

1390



1391

6TKGPU+O0COGP,WUVKPU+  I&068+2+&8++&TCRKGTVG$ÒUVGT8+60++8%+6++80+ 8KEVQTKCUVGJVXXOKV-TGW\WPF-TCP\$GNHQTVXCT )1.&5GJTUEJÌP



'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0T

 44

6TKGPU .QWXGTE[!   I .=1$'?%#%1 $ÒUVG T OKV 2GTNFKCFGO 0'8'#565 %JTKUVWUOQPQ   ITCOO$GNHQTVXCT )1.&5GJTUEJÌP 


KAROLINGER

1393

1392



6TKGPUI$TWUVDKNFTOKV&KCFGO'/106&'#PMGTMTGW\

 )1.&5EJÒTHURWTHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



&CU XQTNKGIGPFG 'ZGORNCT YGKUV JPNKEJMGKVGP \W GKPGO DGK $GNHQTV WPVGT 'OQPC XGT\GKEJPGVGP 5VÒEM OKV FGT   7OUEJTKHV '/10 #  CWH $GNHQTV XIN   .GKFGT KUV FGT 0COG FGU /ÒP\OGKUVGTU CWH FGT 8QTFGTUGKVG PKEJV   OGJTXQNNUV·PFKI\WGPV\KHHGTP.GFKINKEJFKG$WEJUVCDGP'%&UKPFPQEJNGUDCT



&GPCTI-QRHTOKV&KCFGO-TGW\CPFGP'PFGFGT#TOGLGGKP4KPIKPFGP9KPMGNPLGGKP 6$GNHQTVp)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTPXIN 45GJTUEJÌP



-#41.+0)'4 +P FGT -CTQNKPIGT\GKV YWTFGP GPVUEJGKFGPFG 9GKEJGP FGT /ÒP\ WPF )GNFIGUEJKEJVG 'WTQRCU IGUVGNNV   /KV UGKPGT YQJN WO FCU ,CJT  FWTEJIGHÒJTVGP /ÒP\TGHQTO UEJWH -CTN FGT )TQ­G   GKP   5[UVGOFCUKPYGUGPVNKEJGP<ÒIGPY·JTGPFFGUICP\GP/KVVGNCNVGTUUGKPG)ÒNVKIMGKVDGJCNVGPUQNNVG&GT WPVGT .WFYKI FGO (TQOOGP   GKPIGHÒJTVG WPF OCUUGPJCHV IGRT·IVG %JTKUVKCPC4GNKIKQ6[R   GTHÒNNVG CNU CPQP[OG /ÒP\UQTVG ÒDGT GKPGP NCPIGP <GKVTCWO FGP 5VCVWU GKPGT 4GKEJUY·JTWPI 0KEJV   \WNGV\VKUVOKVFGO'FKVWO2KUVGPUGFGT4GIKGTWPIU\GKV-CTNUFGU-CJNGP  FCUGKP\KIGXQNNUV·P FKIGMÌPKINKEJG/ÒP\GFKMVFGU(TÒJWPF*QEJOKVVGNCNVGTUÒDGTNKGHGTV8GTHQNIGP5KGFKG5RWTGPMCTQNKP IKUEJGT )GUEJKEJVG KO /ÒP\DKNF XQO HT·PMKUEJGP *CWUOGKGT OCKQT FQOWU  2KRRKP FGO -WT\GP ÒDGT   FGP ō8CVGT 'WTQRCUŋ RCVGT GWTQRCG  -CTN FGP )TQ­GP DKU JKP \WO YGUVHT·PMKUEJGP -ÌPKI .QVJCT   FGUUGP1PMGN-CKUGT1VVQ+ōFGT)TQ­GŋYCT

1394



2KRRKP FGT -WT\G  &GPCT #PIGTU  I 4 Û 2 Û FCTÒDGT $CNMGP.KICVWT CWU #0&'   &GRG[TQV/) 8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV-QTTQUKQPUURWTGPUGJTUEJÌP 

1395



&GPCT %JGNNGU  I 4+ FCTÒDGT $CNMGP+#5 TGVTQITCF  FCTÒDGT $CNMGP &GRG[TQV  XCT   /)XCT 44(CUVUGJTUEJÌP 

1396



&GPCT0CTDQPPGIÛ4Û2ZFCTÒDGT$CNMGP04FCTÒDGT$CNMGP&GRG[TQVXIN/) XIN 8QPITÌ­VGT5GNVGPJGKV8GTOWVNKEJDGMCPPVGU'ZGORNCT4CPFCWUIGDTQEJGP UQPUVUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJOKVHGKPGT6ÌPWPI  'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0T  &CU GKP\KI YGKVGTG DGMCPPVG 'ZGORNCT GKPGU &GPCTU 2KRRKPU FGU -WT\GP   CWU FGT /ÒP\UV·VVG 0CTDQPPG   DGHKPFGVUKEJPCEJFGP#PICDGPDGK)&GRG[TQVWPF-/QTTKUQP()TWPVJCNKO/ÒP\MCDKPGVVFGT5VCCVNKEJGP /WUGGP\W$GTNKP

45


KAROLINGER

1397



&GPCT WPDGUVKOOVG /ÒP\UV·VVG YCJTUEJGKPNKEJ #PVTCKP QFGT 5CKPV&GPKU   I 42 FC\YKUEJGP   \YGK -WIGNP WPVGT FGO 4 GKPG -WIGN T FTGK YGKVGTG -WIGNP QDGP GKP $CNMGP FGT KP \YGK -WIGNP   GPFGV#8664#/01FC\YKUEJGP$CNMGPFKGKP\YGK-WIGNPGPFGP&GRG[TQV/)  45GJTUEJÌP  &KG $GFGWVWPI FGU 5EJTKHV\WIGU #864#01 KUV KOOGT PQEJ T·VUGNJCHV .QPIR¾TKGT  5   XGTOWVGVG   GKPGP/ÒP\OGKUVGT#8664#/085YQJKPIGIGP)CTKGN ++5 FKG$WEJUVCDGPCNUFKG#PICDGFGT /ÒP\UV·VVGNCUWPFFKG2T·IWPIKPFGP1TV#PVTCKPKOHTCP\ÌUKUEJGP&¾RCTVGOGPV+NNGGV8KNCKPGXGTNGIVG&KGXQP /GVECNH %WPQDGNKP  5   XQTIGUEJNCIGPG &GWVWPI CNU #DMÒT\WPI XQP #06 KUVKVKQ  4 GIKQ    & KQ 0 WUKCE 1FGTCWEJ)&GRG[TQVHQNIVWPFFCOKVGKPG2T·IWPIKP5CKPV&GPKUYKTFXQP)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTP

/'%0TWPF5 KP(TCIGIGUVGNNV

1398



-CTNFGT)TQ­G/ÒP\RGTKQFG PCEJ &GPCT#TNGUI%#4QÛÛÛ .85-TGW\KPFGP9KPMGNP#4&+5&GRG[TQV/) 445GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0T

1399



&GPCT .KOQIGU  I %ÕQ  .8Û5.'/ QDGP $CNMGP OKV FTGK 2WPMVGP WPVGP -TGW\ \YKUEJGP   \YGK2WPMVGP/) 445GJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCTOKVFWPMNGT2CVKPC 

1400



&GPCT/CTUGKNNGI%#4QÛÛÛ.85-TGW\KPFGP9KPMGNP/#45&GRG[TQV /) 444CPFCWUDTWEJUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ  'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0T

46


KAROLINGER

1401



&GPCT/GNNGI%ÕQÛ.85-TGKUHÌTOKIm'&1.85KPFGT/KVVG4QUGVVG&GRG[TQV XCT/)XCT FQTVWPDGMCPPVG/ÒP\UV·VVG  45GJTUEJÌP



)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTPNGIGPFGPDGK/QTTKUQP)TWPVJCNWPVGT+PFGVGTOKPCVG/KPVUXGT\GKEJPGVGP6[RKPFKG/ÒP\ UV·VVG/GNNGKPFGOUKGFKG$WEJUVCDGPXGTDKPFWPIGPKPFGT7OUEJTKHV\W/'61.1CWHNÌUGP XIN/'% 

1402



&GPCT 6QWTU 5CKPV/CTVKP   I %ÕQ  Û Û Û  .85 5%5 /#40 -TGW\ &GRG[TQV p XIN    /)p XIN  444CPFCWUDTWEJUGJTUEJÌP  'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0T  8IN8ÌNEMGTU**-CTQNKPIKUEJG/ÒP\HWPFGFGT(TÒJ\GKV  )ÌVVKPIGP6H.0T::+8

1403



&GPCT6QWTU 5CKPV/CTVKP I%ÕQ.85 5%+/46+0+-TGW\&GRG[TQVXCT/) 8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV-QTTQUKQPUURWTGPWPFMN4CPFHGJNGTHCUVUGJTUEJÌP



1404



/ÒP\RGTKQFG-CTNUFGU)TQ­GP 2T·IWPIFGTFGPCTKKPQXK &GPCT6QWTUI %#4.854':(4-TGW\ 68410+5-CTQNWUOQPQITCOO&GRG[TQV/)  44-N(GJNUVGNNGCO4CPFUGJTUEJÌP

 47


KAROLINGER

3:1

1405



'KP2QTVT·VFGPCT-CTNUFGU)TQ­GPOKV-CKUGTVKVGN  &GPCTWPDGUVKOOVG/ÒP\UV·VVGI -#4.85 +/2 #8% $ÒUVG T OKV .QTDGGTMTCP\ WPF WOIGNGIVGO /CPVGN:2+%6+#0# 4'.+)+1   -KTEJGPIGD·WFG&GRG[TQV/) 8QPCNNGTITÌ­VGT5GNVGPJGKV(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT  &KG 2QTVT·VFGPCTG -CTNU FGU )TQ­GP OKV FGO -CKUGTVKVGN +/2 GTCVQT  #8) WUVWU  CPUVGNNG FGU CPUQPUVGP ÒDNKEJGP   4':(4 CPEQTWO IGJÌTGP\WFGPITQ­GP5GNVGPJGKVGPFGT/KVVGNCNVGTPWOKUOCVKMWPFFKG7OUV·PFGKJTGT2T·IWPI UKPFKOOGTPQEJT·VUGNJCHV  

&KGGKPHCEJG#PPCJOG/ÒP\GPOKV-CKUGTVKVGNUVGNNGPFCU)GNFFGU(TCPMGPTGKEJGUPCEJFGT-CKUGTMTÌPWPI-CTNU FGU)TQ­GPCO&G\GODGTFCTGTUEJGKPVPKEJVRNCWUKDGNFCUKGHÒTFGPCPIGPQOOGPGP2T·IG\GKVTCWO  XKGN \W UGNVGP XQTMQOOGP ) &GRG[TQV XGT\GKEJPGV IGTCFG GKPOCN  DGMCPPVG 'ZGORNCTG FGU CPQP[OGP   :2+%6+#0#4'.+)+16[RUWPF$-NWIGIGJVXQPMCWO'ZGORNCTGPOKV-CKUGTDÒUVGKPUIGUCOVCWU  +PFGT(QTUEJWPIYGTFGPFCJGT\YGK6JGQTKGPFKUMWVKGTV&KGGTUVGIGJVFCXQPCWUFC­GUUKEJWODGUQPFGTG(GUV RT·IWPIGP CPN·­NKEJ FGT -CKUGTMTÌPWPI  JCPFGNV YQJKPIGIGP FKG YCJTUEJGKPNKEJ UGKV  CWUIGRT·IVGP   FGPCTKKPQXKOKV-CTQNWUOQPQITCOOWPXGT·PFGTVYGKVGTIGRT·IVYWTFGP&KGUGT#PUCV\YÒTFGFCUCW­GTIGYÌJPNK EJG /QVKX FGT -CKUGTDÒUVG WPF FKG JQJG9GTVUEJ·V\WPIDGKFGP<GKVIGPQUUGPGTMN·TGP&KG\YGKVG6JGQTKGPKOOV GKPG2T·IWPIGTUVPCEJFGT#PGTMGPPWPIFGT-TÌPWPI-CTNUFGU)TQ­GPFWTEJFGPD[\CPVKPKUEJGP-CKUGTKO,CJTG CPYCU\WOKPFGUVFKG5GNVGPJGKVFGT5VÒEMGGTMN·TGPMÌPPVG  

#PJCPF FGU $KNFOQVKXU FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG NCUUGP UKEJ XKGT )TWRRGP WPVGTUEJGKFGP &KG JKGT XQTNKGIGPFGP CPQP[OGP   'ZGORNCTGOKVGKPGO-KTEJGPIGD·WFG :2+%6+#0#4'.+)+1 FKG&CTUVGNNWPIGKPGU5VCFVVQTGU #TNGU4QWGPWPF 6TKGT FKG&CTUVGNNWPIGKPGU5EJKHHGU &QTGUVCFWPF3WGPVQXKE WPFFKG#DDKNFWPIXQP2T·IGYGTM\GWIGP /'6#.. )'4/#0XQPNCVIGTOCPWOGEJVYCJTTGKPYCJTUEJGKPNKEJ/ÒP\UV·VVG/GNNG $GKFGP'ZGORNCTGPFGU :2+%6+#0#4'.+)+16[RU NCUUGP UKEJ CW­GTFGO  8QTFGTUGKVGPNGIGPFGP WPVGTUEJGKFGP  & QOKPWU  0 QUVGT    -#4.85 +/2 GTCVQT  #8) WUVWU  4 GZ  ( TCPEQTWO  '6. CPIQDCTFQTWO -#41.85+/2#8)WPFFCU CPFKGUGT5VGNNGXQTNKGIGPFG-#4.85+/2#8)#WEJFKG2T·IGQTVGFGTCPQP[OGP5VÒEMGUKPFT·VUGNJCHV'KPKIG 'ZGORNCTG RT·UGPVKGTGP WPVGT FGT -CKUGTDÒUVG $WEJUVCDGP FKG CNU /ÒP\UV·VVGPUKIPCVWTGP IGFGWVGV YQTFGP UKPF %  

-ÌNP  ( (TCPMHWTV  / /CKP\  WPF 8 9QTOU  &KG /ÒP\GP OKV FGT .GIGPFG -#4.85 +/2 #8) MQPPVGP   DKUNCPIPQEJMGKPGT/ÒP\UV·VVG\YGKHGNUHTGK\WIGYKGUGPYGTFGP5%QWRNCPFMQPPVGLGFQEJCPJCPFXQPUVKNKUVKUEJGP 7PVGTUWEJWPIGPWPF5VGORGNXGTDKPFWPIGPPCEJYGKUGPFC­FKG2T·IWPIGPCPGKPGOCPFGTGP1TVCNUFKG-#41.85 +/2#8)'ZGORNCTGGPVUVCPFGPUGKPOÒUUGP  

9KT HTGWGP WPU +JPGP GKPG FGT ITQ­GP 5GNVGPJGKVGP FGT MCTQNKPIKUEJGP /ÒP\IGUEJKEJVG WPF FGT /ÒP\RT·IWPIFGU /KVVGNCNVGTUÒDGTJCWRVKPFKGUGT#WMVKQPRT·UGPVKGTGP\WFÒTHGP  

.KVGTCVWT  Ő %QWRNCPF 5 %JCTNGOCIPG U EQKPCIG KFGQNQI[ CPF GEQPQO[ KP5VQT[,=*TUI?%JCTNGOCIPG'ORKTGCPF 5QEKGV[/CPEJGUVGT5  Ő )TKGTUQP 2 /QPG[ CPF %QKPCIG WPFGT %JCTNGOCIPG KP $TCWPHGNU 9 =*TUI? -CTNFGT)TQ­G.GDGPUYGTM WPF0CEJNGDGP+2GTUÌPNKEJMGKVWPF)GUEJKEJVG&ÒUUGNFQTH5  Ő)TKGTUQP2$NCEMDWTP//GFKGXCNGWTQRGCP%QKPCIG+6JG'CTN[/KFFNG#IGU VJVJEGPVWTKGU %CO DTKFIG5  Ő-NWIG$0WOKUOCVKMFGU/KVVGNCNVGTU*CPFDWEJWPF6JGUCWTWU0WOOQTWO/GFKK#GXK$GTNKP9KGP5   Ő .CHCWTKG , .GU OQPPCKGU KOR¾TKCNGU FG %JCTNGOCIPG KP %QORVGUTGPFWU FG N CECF¾OKG FGU KPUETKRVKQPU GV   DGNNGUNGVVTGU5

48


KAROLINGER

1406



.WFYKI FGT (TQOOG  2QTVT·VV[R XGTOWVNKEJGT 2T·IG\GKVTCWO   &GPCT WPDG   UVKOOVG /ÒP\UV·VVG YCJTUEJGKPNKEJ #CEJGP   I *.8&188+%85 +/2 #8) $TWUVDKNF T OKV   .QTDGGTMTCP\:2+56+#0#4'.+)+1-KTEJGPIGD·WFG&GRG[TQV/)  44-N4CPFCDDTWEJXQT\ÒINKEJ  #WHITWPF UVKNKUVKUEJGT JPNKEJMGKVGP \W FGP CO 'PFG FGT 4GIKGTWPIU\GKV -CTNU FGU )TQ­GP   IGRT·IVGP   2QTVT·VOÒP\GP FKG 2 )TKGTUQP KP FKG /ÒP\UV·VVG #CEJGP XGTNGIVG XIN )TKGTUQP 2 /QPG[ CPF %QKPCIG WPFGT   %JCTNGOCIPGKP$TCWPHGNU9=*TUI?-CTNFGT)TQ­G.GDGPUYGTMWPF0CEJNGDGP&ÒUUGNFQTH$F5  URTCEJUKEJ5%QWRNCPFFCHÒTCWUFKG2QTVT·VFGPCTG.WFYKIUFGU(TQOOGPGDGPHCNNUKPFKGUGT/ÒP\UV·VVG\W XGTQTVGPWPFUKG\GKVNKEJCPFGP#PHCPIFGT2T·IWPI\WNGIGP %QWRNCPF5/QPG[CPF%QKPCIGWPFGT.QWKUVJG 2KQWUKP(TCPEKC5KIOCTKPIGP5 

1407



&GPCT WPDGUVKOOVG /ÒP\UV·VVG YCJTUEJGKPNKEJ #CEJGP   I *.8&188+%85 +/2 #8)   $TWUVDKNF T OKV .QTDGGTMTCP\:2+56+#0# 4'.+)+1 -KTEJGPIGD·WFG &GRG[TQV  /)    445GJTUEJÌP 

1408



&GPCT #TNGU  I *.8&188+%85 +/2 #8)  $TWUVDKNF T OKV .QTDGGTMTCP\ #4'.#68/   5VCFVVQT&GRG[TQV/) 44&WPMNG2CVKPC4CPFHGJNGTHCUVUGJTUEJÌP  #PFGT2T·IWPIXQP2QTVT·VFGPCTGPOKVFGT&CTUVGNNWPIGKPGU5VCFVVQTGUCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVGYCTGPWPVGT.WFYKIFGO (TQOOGP  FKGEKXKVCVGUXQP#TNGU1TN¾CPU2CXKC5GPU5VTCUDQWTI6QWNQWUG6QWTUWPF6TGXKUQDGVGKNKIV

1409



&GPCT &QTGUVCFI*.8&188+%85+/2#8%$TWUVDKNFTOKV.QTDGGTMTCP\WPFWOIGNGIVGO /CPVGN&14'56#6855EJKHH&GRG[TQV/) 449KP\4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP



&QTGUVCFIGJÌTV\WFGPFTGK/ÒP\UV·VVGP #TNGU&QTGUVCFWPF3WGPVQXKE FKGDGTGKVUWPVGT-CTNFGO)TQ­GP    2QTVT·VFGPCTG RT·IVGP 9·JTGPF FKG 8QTFGTUGKVGP FGT YQJN \YKUEJGP  WPF  IGRT·IVGP 2QTVT·VOÒP\GP   .WFYKIU FGU (TQOOGP FCU $KNFPKU FGU *GTTUEJGTU KP 2CNWFCOGPVWO (GNFJGTTGPOCPVGN  WPF OKV .QTDGGTMTCP\   \GKIGPPGPPGPFKG4ÒEMUGKVGPFGP2T·IGQTVWPFIGDGPFGP5VCVWUFGT/ÒP\UV·VVGU[ODQNJCHVKO$KNFCP+O(CNNG FGT EKXKVCVGU #TNGU 1TN¾CPU 2CXKC 5GPU 5VTC­DWTI 6QWNQWUG WPF 6TGXKUQ KUV FKGU GKP 5VCFVVQT YQJKPIGIGP FKG   $GTIYGTMUUVCFV /GNNG FWTEJ GKP 2T·IGUVGORGNRCCT IGMGPP\GKEJPGV KUV WPF FKG *CHGPQTVG 3WGPVQXKE WPF &QTGUVCF   UKEJFWTEJGKPG5EJKHHUFCTUVGNNWPI\WGTMGPPGPIGDGP+PUIGUCOVYCTGPYQJN/ÒP\UV·VVGPCPFKGUGT2QTVT·VGOKU UKQPDGVGKNKIV

49


KAROLINGER

1410



&GPCT 6QWTU  I *.8&188+%85 +/2 #8)  $TWUVDKNF T OKV .QTDGGTMTCP\68410'5   5VCFVVQT&GRG[TQV/) 442T·IGUEJY·EJGHCUVUGJTUEJÌP 

1411



&GPCT%CODTCKI *.8&188+%85+/2-TGW\%#/#Û4#%85&GRG[TQV/) 44#VVTCMVKXGU'ZGORNCTOKVHGKPGT6ÌPWPIXQT\ÒINKEJ



1412



5VCFVPCOGPV[R FGU -CKUGTU .WFYKI FGT (TQOOG XGTOWVNKEJGT 2T·IG\GKVTCWO   &GPCT   /CKP\  I *.8&188+%85 +/2 -TGW\ KP FGP 9KPMGNP LG GKPG -WIGN/1  )10  6+#    %85&GRG[TQV/)  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV#VVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCTOKVFWPMNGT2CVKPC 

&CUXQTNKGIGPFG'ZGORNCTIGJÌTV\WFGOYQJN\YKUEJGPIGRT·IVGP5VCFVPCOGP6[RFGT4GIKGTWPIU\GKV .WFYKIUFGU(TQOOGP#PJCPFFGT7OUEJTKHVGPFKGUGUWPFFGUXQTCPIGICPIGPGP2QTVT·V6[RU EC NCUUGP UKEJGVYC/ÒP\QTVGWPVGTUEJGKFGPXQPFGPGPGKPKIG WC#NCDQVGUJCKP#NFWPJGKOWPF5VQVVGPDWTI PQEJPKEJV NQMCNKUKGTVYGTFGPMQPPVGPCDGTYQJNKOFGWVUEJGP4CWO\WUWEJGPUKPF

1413



&GPCT /GNNG  I *.8&188+%85 +/2 -TGW\/'6#  ..8/ &GRG[TQV  XCT   /)XCT 5GJTUEJÌP 8CTKCPVGQJPG-WIGN\YKUEJGPFGT\YGK\GKNKIGP4ÒEMUGKVGPNGIGPFG



1414



&GPCT /GNNG  I *.8&188+%85 /2 -TGW\ /'6#..8/ -TGW\ &GRG[TQV  XCT   /)XCT 5GNVGPG8CTKCPVG*ÒDUEJGFWPMNG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ $GKFGOXQTNKGIGPFGP'ZGORNCTHGJNVFCU+KPFGT+/2 GTCVQT .GIGPFGFGT8QTFGTUGKVG

50




KAROLINGER

1415



&GPCT 2CNCUVOÒP\UV·VVG  I *.8&188+%85 +/2 -TGW\2#.#  6+0#/1  0'6#   &GRG[TQV/) 4#VVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT  9·JTGPFGKP)TQ­VGKNFGTMCTQNKPIKUEJGP)GRT·IG/ÒP\UV·VVGPPGPPVFKG\YGKHGNHTGK\W\WQTFPGPUKPFIKDVGUFTGK .GIGPFGP FGTGP <WYGKUWPI PQEJ KOOGT 4·VUGN CWHIKDV 0GDGP :2+56+#0# 4'.+)+1 WPF #38+6#0+# IGJÌTV   CWEJFCUDGKFGOXQTNKGIGPFGP'ZGORNCT\WNGUGPFG2#.#6+0#/10'6#FC\W'UKUVXGTOWVGVYQTFGPFC­UKEJ JKPVGT FGO $GITKHH GKPG OKV FGOMÌPKINKEJGP*QHTGKUGPFG/ÒP\UV·VVGXGTDKTIVFKGUQOKVCPOGJTGTGP5VGNNGPFGU 4GKEJGUNQMCNKUKGTVYGTFGPMÌPPVGWPFLGPCEJ$GFCTHRT·IVG&CIGIGPURTKEJVLGFQEJFC­PKEJVXQPCNNGPMCTQNKPIK UEJGP *GTTUEJGTP GPVURTGEJGPFG /ÒP\GP DGMCPPV UKPF XIN )TKGTUQP 2  $NCEMDWTP / /GFKGXCN 'WTQRGCP   %QKPCIG + 6JG 'CTN[ /KFFNG #IGU VJ EGPVWTKGU %CODTKFIG  5   9·JTGPF - ( /QTTKUQP  *   )TWPVJCN 0T   WPF ) &GRG[TQV 0T   CWH GKPG IGPCWGTG <WYGKUWPI XGT\KEJVGP UEJN·IV $ -NWIG  

0WOKUOCVKMFGU/KVVGNCNVGTU$GTNKP9KGP0T GKPG8GTQTVWPIPCEJ#CEJGPXQT/ÌINKEJGTYGKUGUKPF CDGT CWEJ OGJTGTG YGEJUGNPFG 1TVG IGOGKPV FKG FGP 5VCVWU GKPGU 8GTYCNVWPIU\GPVTWOU FGU -CTQNKPIGTTGKEJGU   KPPGJCVVGP (ÒT -CTN FGP )TQ­GP   M·OG DGKURKGNUYGKUG FCU DGTGKVU GTY·JPVG #CEJGP KP (TCIG -CTN FGT   -CJNGJKGNVUKEJÒDGTYKGIGPFKP8GTDGTKG3WKGT\[WPF2QPVJKQP  CWH XIN)TKGTUQP$NCEMDWTP5  .GFKINKEJ GKPG /ÒP\G -CTNU FGU -CJNGP PGPPV FKG 7OUEJTKHV 2#.#6+0# /10' KP 8GTDKPFWPI OKV 2CTKU  

2#4+5++%+8+6#5)&GRG[TQV0T$ 

1416



&GPCT2CTKUI *.8&188+%85+/2-TGW\2#4+5++&GRG[TQV/)  44#VVTCMVKXGUXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCTOKVHGKPGT2CVKPC



1417



&GPCT 3WGPVQXKE  I *.8&188+%85 +/Ú2Ú -TGW\38'061  Û  8+%85 &GRG[TQV    /)NGKEJVXCT 44*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



1418



%JTKUVKCPC4GNKIKQ6[R 2T·IWPICD &GPCT6TKGTI *.8&188+%85+/2-TGW\  :2+56+#0#4'.+%+1-TGW\&GRG[TQV/)C  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV8QT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT

 51


KAROLINGER

1420

1419



&GPCT WPDGUVKOOVG /ÒP\UV·VVG YCJTUEJGKPNKEJ /CKNCPF  I *.8&188+%85+/2-TGW\KP FGP9KPMGNPLGGKPG-WIGN :2+56+#0#4'.+%+1-KTEJGPIGD·WFG&GRG[TQV/)  5GJTUEJÌP



5%QWRNCPFQTFPGVFKG)GRT·IGOKV-WIGNPKPFGT.GIGPFG YKGKPFGO%FGT4ÒEMUGKVG ITQ­GP$WEJUVCDGPWPF DTGKVGOTCWOHÒNNGPFGP-TGW\FGT/ÒP\UV·VVG/CKNCPF\W XIN%QWRNCPF5/QPG[CPFEQKPCIGWPFGT.QWKUVJG 2KQWUKP(TCPEKC5KIOCTKPIGP5WPF6H+++%NCUU+++)TQWR( 



&GPCT WPDGUVKOOVG /ÒP\UV·VVG YCJTUEJGKPNKEJ 1TN¾CPU   I *.8&188+%85 +/2 -TGW\ KP   FGP 9KPMGNP LG GKPG -WIGN :2+56+#0# 4'.+)+1 -KTEJGPIGD·WFG FCTWPVGT 8 &GRG[TQV    /) 49KP\4GUVGXQP)TÒPURCPXQT\ÒINKEJ



5%QWRNCPFXGTQTVGVFKG2T·IWPIGPFKGUGU6[RUOKV8WPVGTFGT5·WNGPMKTEJGFGT4ÒEMUGKVGWPFUKEJÒDGTMTGW\GP FGP.KPKGPKO)KGDGNUQYKGKO$WEJUVCDGP/XQP+/2KPFGT/ÒP\UV·VVG1TN¾CPU XIN%QWRNCPF5/QPG[CPF EQKPCIGWPFGT.QWKUVJG2KQWUKP(TCPEKC5KIOCTKPIGP5WPF6H+++%NCUU+++)TQWR'0T 

1422

1421



&GPCT WPDGUVKOOVG /ÒP\UV·VVG YCJTUEJGKPNKEJ 6TKGT   I *.8&188+%85 +/2 -TGW\   :2+56+#0#4'.+)+1-KTEJGPIGD·WFG&GRG[TQV$/)p 45GJTUEJÌP



5%QWRNCPFXGTQTVGVFKG2T·IWPIGPFKGUGU6[RUQJPG-WIGNPKPFGP9KPMGNPFGU8QTFGTUGKVGPMTGW\GUKPFGT/ÒP\ UV·VVG6TKGT XIN%QWRNCPF5/QPG[CPFEQKPCIGWPFGT.QWKUVJG2KQWUKP(TCPEKC5KIOCTKPIGP5 WPF6H++%NCUU+++)TQWR% 



&GPCT WPDGUVKOOVG /ÒP\UV·VVG YCJTUEJGKPNKEJ 6TKGT   I *.8&188+%85 +/2 -TGW\   :2+56+#0#4'.+)+1-KTEJGPIGD·WFG&GRG[TQV$/)p 4(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ

1423







1424

&GPCTWPDGUVKOOVG/ÒP\UV·VVGI *.8&188+%85+++2-TGW\KPFGP9KPMGNPLGGKPG-WIGN  :2+56+#0#4'.%+1-KTEJGPIGD·WFGFCTWPVGT5&GRG[TQV/)  4&WPMNG2CVKPCMN4CPFCWUDTWEJUGJTUEJÌP



&GPCTWPDGUVKOOVG/ÒP\UV·VVGI *.8&188+%85+/2-TGW\KPFGP9KPMGNPLGGKPG-WIGN  :2+56+#0#4'.+)+1-KTEJGPIGD·WFG&GRG[TQV/) 5GJTUEJÌP



1425



&GPCTWPDGUVKOOVG/ÒP\UV·VVGI *.8&188+%85+/&-TGW\KPFGP9KPMGNPLGGKPG-WIGN +++56+#0#4'.+%+1-KTEJGPIGD·WFG&GRG[TQV/)  44(GKPG6ÌPWPIHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ &CUXQTNKGIGPFG'ZGORNCT\GKIVKP$KNFWPF5EJTKHV6GPFGP\GPGKPGTNGKEJVGP$CTDCTKUKGTWPI&KG$WEJUVCDGPUKPF PKEJVUQUQTIH·NVKICWUIGHÒJTV#WPF8YWTFGPCWU\YGKIGPGKIVGP+ U\WUCOOGPIGUGV\VWPFFCU2+XQP:2+56+ #0# GTKPPGTV CP GKPGP $QIGP #WEJ KUV FCU -TGW\ FGT 8QTFGTUGKVG \W MNGKP HÒT FGP \W HÒNNGPFGP 4CWO IGTCVGP   'KPGPUQNEJTQJGP5VGORGNUEJPKVVPKOOV5%QWRNCPFDGKURKGNUYGKUGHÒTFKG6[RGPFGT/ÒP\UV·VVG&QTGUVCFVCP XIN %QWRNCPF 5 /QPG[ CPF EQKPCIG WPFGT .QWKU VJG 2KQWU KP (TCPEKC  5KIOCTKPIGP  5  WPF 6H ++   %NCUU+++)TQWR$ 8KGNNGKEJVJCPFGNVGUUKEJCWEJWOGKPGP\GKVIGPÌUUKUEJGP$GKUEJNCI

52




KAROLINGER

1426



&GPCTWPDGUVKOOVG/ÒP\UV·VVGI 82188+%85+/&-TGW\KPFGP9KPMGNPLGGKPG-WIGN 256+#0#4'.+%+1-KTEJGPIGD·WFG&GRG[TQV/) 44(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ

&CU XQTNKGIGPFG 'ZGORNCT \GKIV KP $KNF WPF 5EJTKHV 6GPFGP\GP GKPGT $CTDCTKUKGTWPI &KG $WEJUVCDGP UKPF ITQD   CWUIGHÒJTV  # WPF 8 YWTFGP CWU \YGK IGPGKIVGP + U \WUCOOGPIGUGV\V WPF *.8 XQP *.8&188+%85 UKPF CWU   -TGW\GPWPF$CNMGPNKIKGTV#WEJKUVFGT)KGDGNFGT-KTEJGUEJKGHIGUEJPKVVGPYQTFGP'KPGPUQNEJTQJGP5VGORGN UEJPKVVPKOOV5%QWRNCPFDGKURKGNUYGKUGHÒTFKG6[RGPFGT/ÒP\UV·VVG&QTGUVCFVCP XIN%QWRNCPF5/QPG[CPF EQKPCIGWPFGT.QWKUVJG2KQWUKP(TCPEKC5KIOCTKPIGP5WPF6H++%NCUU+++)TQWR$ 



1427



&GPCTWPDGUVKOOVG/ÒP\UV·VVGI 0.8&18+%85+0&-TGW\KPFGP9KPMGNPLGGKPG-WIGN :2+56+#0#4'.+%+1-KTEJGPIGD·WFG&GRG[TQV\W/)\W  445GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ &CUXQTNKGIGPFG'ZGORNCT\GKIVKP$KNFWPF5EJTKHVFGWVNKEJG6GPFGP\GPGKPGT$CTDCTKUKGTWPI&KG$WEJUVCDGPUKPF \YCTHGKPCDGTUEJKGHWPFWPVGTUEJKGFNKEJITQ­CWUIGHÒJTVYQTFGP'UJCPFGNVUKEJOÌINKEJGTYGKUGWOGKPGP\GKVIG PÌUUKUEJGP$GKUEJNCI 





'KPG YGKVGTG JQEJKPVGTGUUCPVG 2T·IWPI FGT /ÒP\UV·VVG 8GPGFKI CWU FGT 4GIKGTWPIU\GKV .WFYKIU FGU   (TQOOGPHKPFGP5KGWPVGTFGT-CVCNQI0T

1428



2KRRKP+-ÌPKIXQP#SWKVCPKGPQFGT2KRRKP++-ÌPKIXQP#SWKVCPKGP&GPCT /GNNGI 2+2+0854':'3-TGW\ /'68..12KRRKPWUOQPQITCOO/)  4-N5EJTÌVNKPIUNÌEJGTUGJTUEJÌP



1429



&GPCT 6QWNQWUG  I 2+2+085 4': ( -TGW\ 61.15# %+8+ 2KRRKPWUOQPQITCOO   &GRG[TQV/) 5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



1430



2KRRKP++-ÌPKIXQP#SWKVCPKGP1DQNI 2+2+0854':-TGW\#38+6#0+# &GRG[TQV$/) 45GJTUEJÌP

'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0T

 53


KAROLINGER

1431



.QVJCT +  &GPCT &QTGUVCF  I +16#/852'4#6 -TGW\ KP FGP 9KPMGNP LG GKPG   -WIGN &14'56#685/10-KTEJGPIGD·WFG&GRG[TQVXCT/)XINHH  44.GKEJVGT&QRRGNUEJNCIUQPUVCVVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT



1432



&GPCT/CKNCPFI *.16*#4+85+/2-TGW\/'&+1.#/)  44&WPMNG2CVKPCMN2T·IGUEJY·EJGPHCUVUGJTUEJÌP



1433



&GPCT %JCNQPUWT5CÊPG  I 0%#41.85 +/2'4 -TGW\ %#8010+5 %+8+5 -CTQNWUOQ   PQITCOO&GRG[TQV/) 44#VVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT



1434



&GPCT /GNNG  I %#4.85 4': (4 -TGW\ /'6 8..1 -CTQNWUOQPQITCOO &GRG[TQV   /) 5GJTUEJÌP

1435





1436

&GPCT/GNNGI %#4.854':(4-TGW\ /'68..1-CTQNWUOQPQITCOO&GRG[TQV /) 5GJTUEJÌP



'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0T

 54

&GPCT /GNNG  I %#4.85 4': (4 -TGW\ /'6 8..1 -CTQNWUOQPQITCOO &GRG[TQV   /) -N5EJTÌVNKPIUNÌEJGTWPF-QTTQUKQPUURWTGPUGJTUEJÌP




KAROLINGER

1438 1437

1439



&GPCT/GNNGI%#4.854':2%-TGW\ /%6 8..1-CTQNWUOQPQITCOO&GRG[TQV /) 8CTKCPVGOKVXGTYKNFGVGT7OUEJTKHV  #VVTCMVKXG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





&GPCT2CTKUI %#4.854':-TGW\2#4+Û5++&GRG[TQV/)  4*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCMN5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­UGJTUEJÌP





&GPCT6QWNQWUGI %#4.854':(-TGW\61.15#%+8+-CTQNWUOQPQITCOO&GRG[TQV /) 4GUVGXQP)TÒPURCPUGJTUEJÌP



1440



&GPCT WPDGMCPPVG /ÒP\UV·VVG  I %#4.85 4': (4 -TGW\ KP FGP 9KPMGNP LG GKPG -WIGN    :2+56+#0# 4'.+)+1 -KTEJGPIGD·WFG %QWRNCPF 5 6JG GCTN[ EQKPCIG QH %JCTNGU VJG $CNF     KP0WOKUOCVKE%JTQPKENG.QPFQP5)TQWR* 2N &GRG[TQV /) 5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



1441



&GPCT WPDGUVKOOVG /ÒP\UV·VVG  I %#4.85 4': (4 -TGW\ KP FGP 9KPMGNP LG GKPG-WIGN :2+56+#0# 4'.+%+1 6GORGN %QWRNCPF 5 6JG GCTN[ EQKPCIG QH %JCTNGU VJG $CNF   KP   0WOKUOCVKE %JTQPKENG  .QPFQP  5  )TQWR * 2N    &GRG[TQV    /) 8QT\ÒINKEJ



1442



)TCVKC&GK4GZ6[RFGU-CKUGTU-CTNFGT-CJNG  &GPCT#WZGTTGI %4#6+#&+ 4':-CTQNWUOQPQITCOO #86+5+1&'4%+8+5-TGW\&GRG[TQV/) 5GJTUEJÌP



1443



&GPCT .G /CPU  I %4#6+# &+ 4': -CTQNWUOQPQITCOO %+01/Ù#0+5 %+8+6#5   -TGW\&GRG[TQV/) (CUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT

 55


KAROLINGER

1444



1445

&GPCT /GCWZ  I )4#6+# &+ 4': -CTQNWUOQPQITCOO /'.&+5 %+8+6#5 -TGW\   &GRG[TQV/) 45GJTUEJÌP



&GPCT 1TN¾CPU  I )4#6+# &+ 4': -CTQNWUOQPQITCOO #84'.#0+5 %+8+6#5 -TGW\   &GRG[TQV/) -N4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP



'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0T



&KG <WYGKUWPI KUV PKEJV \YGKHGNUHTGK IGUKEJGTV 'U MQOOV CWEJ GKPG 2T·IWPI WPVGT 4CQWN   KP (TCIG  

&GRG[TQV/)HH 

1446



&GPCT 2CTKU  I %4#6+# &+ 4': -CTQNWUOQPQITCOO 2#4+5++ %+8+6#5 -TGW\   &GRG[TQV/) #VVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCTOKVHGKPGT2CVKPC



1447



&GPCT 2CTKU  I %4#6+# &+ 4': -CTQNWUOQPQITCOO 2#4+5++ %+8+6#5 -TGW\   &GRG[TQV/) *ÒDUEJGFWPMNG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP



1448



&GPCT 4GPPGU  I %4#6+# &+ 4': -CTQNWUOQPQITCOO *4'&10+5 %+8+6#5 -TGW\   &GRG[TQV/) (CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



1449



&GPCT 4QWGP  I %4#6+# &+ 4': -CTQNWUOQPQITCOO 4168*#%85 %+8++ -TGW\   &GRG[TQV/) 45GJTUEJÌP



1450

 56

&GPCT 8GTFWP  I %4#6+# &+ 4': -CTQNWUOQPQITCOO 8+4&80 %+8+6#5 -TGW\ KP   FGP9KPMGNPLGGKPG-WIGN&GRG[TQV/) 44CPFCWUDTÒEJGHGKPG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP




KAROLINGER

1451



1DQN 3WGPVQXKE  I %4#6+# &+' -CTQNWUOQPQITCOO38'0618+%+ -TGW\ &GRG[TQV    /) 4*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



1452



1DQN WPDGUVKOOVG/ÒP\UV·VVGI %4#6+#&+4':-CTQNWUOQPQITCOO %#41.854': -TGW\KOGTUVGPWPFXKGTVGP9KPMGNPLGGKPG-WIGN&GRG[TQVp/)p  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV5VGORGNHGJNGTCWHFGT8QTFGTUGKVGXQT\ÒINKEJ



1453



-CTN FGT &KEMG  &GPCT #TNGU  I %#4.85 +02'4#6 -TGW\ #4'.# %+8+5   -CTQNWUOQPQITCOO&GRG[TQV/) 4&WPMNG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

&KG <WYGKUWPI FGU XQTNKGIGPFGP 'ZGORNCTU KUV PKEJV \YGKHGNUHTGK IGUKEJGTV 9·JTGPF - /QTTKUQP* )TWPVJCN   FKGUGP WPF ·JPNKEJG6[RGP /) NGFKINKEJWPVGT.CVG0KPVJ%GPVWT[+UUWGUQHCP'ORGTQT%JCTNGU GKPQTFPGPURTKEJVUKEJ)&GRG[TQVHÒTGKPG2T·IWPIWPVGT-CTNFGO-CJNGP  QFGT-CTNFGO&KEMGP   CWU &GRG[TQV).GPWO¾TCKTGECTQNKPIKGP9GVVGTGP50T 



1454



1FQ  &GPCT #PIGTU  I )4#6+#&+4': KO (GNF 1&1 WPF -TGW\  #0&'%#   8+5%+8+6#5-TGW\&GRG[TQV/) 8QT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCTOKVJGTTNKEJGT2CVKPC



1455



&GPCT #TTCU  I %4#6+# &+ 4': +O (GNF &TGKGEM ÒDGT \YGK 4KPIGP FC\YKUEJGP -WIGN   Ú#Ú64'$Ú#5%+#+-TGW\&GRG[TQV/) #VVTCMVKXGUHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT

 57


KAROLINGER

1456



&GPCT 6QWNQWUG  I 1&&14':(4%-TGW\ 61.15#%+8+1FFQOQPQITCOO&GRG[TQV /) 5EJÌPG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ



1457



4CQWN&GPCT&KLQPI 384++54+:-TGW\ &+8+10%#5641+O(GNF+WPF: /)p2F#XCT 5GJTUEJÌP  'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0T

1458



&GPCT &KLQP  I 3848++5 4++: -TGW\ &+8+++ %#56+1 +O (GNF + WPF : /) p 2F#   XCT 2T·IGUEJY·EJGHCUVUGJTUEJÌP



'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0T

1459



.QVJCT  &GPCT %JCNQPUWT5CÊPG  I .16#4+85 Û 4': +O (GNF $ %#8+.10 Û   %+86-TGW\&GRG[TQV/) 42T·IGUEJY·EJGUGJTUEJÌP



'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI$GTPCTF%JYCTV\#WMVKQP#NFG2CTKU0T

1460



5R·VGU  ,CJTJWPFGTV &GPCT %JCTVTGU  I )4#6+# &'+ 4': -CTQNWUOQPQITCOO   %#4016+5%+8+6#-TGW\&GRG[TQV/) *ÒDUEJGFWPMNG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP $GK-/QTTKUQP*)TWPVJCNHKPFGVUKEJFGT6[RWPVGT-CTNFGO-CJNGP  YQGTLGFQEJOKV*KPYGKUCWH FGP  GPVFGEMVGP WPF WO  FCVKGTVGP 5EJCV\HWPF XQP (¾ECOR JÌEJUVYCJTUEJGKPNKEJ PKEJV JKPIGJÌTV   ) &GRG[TQV PKOOV GKPG 2T·IWPI WPVGT 6JKDCWV NG 6TKEJGWT FGT $GVTÒIGT   HÒT FKGUGP 6[R OKV   HGJNGPFGO5CO'PFGFGT4ÒEMUGKVGPWOUEJTKHVCP6JKDCWVYCT8K\GITCHXQP$NQKUWPF6QWTUWPFDGO·EJVKIVGUKEJ WPTGEJVO·­KIFGT)TCHUEJCHVGP%JCTVTGUWPF%J³VGCWFWP

58




ALTENBURG

*1%*70&526/+66'.#.6'4 EC  &'765%*'54'+%*

1461

4'+%*5/ª0<5666'

1462

1463

#.6'0$74)

+O 1UVGP FGU JGWVKIGP 6JÒTKPIGP CP FGT .GKR\KIGT 6KGHNCPFDWEJV IGNGIGP JCVVG FCU GTUVOCNU    WTMWPFNKEJ GTY·JPVG #NVGPDWTI WTURTÒPINKEJ FGP 0COGP RCIWU RNKUPK QFGT ECUVTQ RN[UP 7PVGT FGP   5VCWHGTP GPVYKEMGNVGP UKEJ $WTI WPF 5VCFV \W GKPGT DGFGWVGPFGP 5KGFNWPI GPVNCPI FGT 8KC +ORGTKK   

4GKEJUUVTC­G XQP4QOPCEJ5VGVVKP5GKV$GIKPPFGU,CJTJWPFGTVUYCT#NVGPDWTIJ·WHKI6TGHHRWPMV HÒT FKG 4GKUGJGTTUEJCHV FGT 9GVVKPGT HWPIKGTVG CW­GTFGO CNU *CWRVTGUKFGP\ XQP /CTMITCHGP WPF   -WTHÒTUVGP YKG 9KNJGNO + WPF (TKGFTKEJ ++ #WEJ FKG -CP\NGK WPF FCU -COOGTOGKUVGTCOV NCIGP GKPG   <GKVNCPIKP#NVGPDWTI+OUQIGPCPPVGPō$TWFGTMTKGIŋXQPDGUEJ·FKIVYWTFGFKGUGKV XQP 4·VGP XGTYCNVGVG $WTI YKGFGT UCPKGTV  NKG­ (TKGFTKEJ FGT 9GKUG GKPG PGWG #PNCIG KO    4GPCKUUCPEG5VKNGTTKEJVGP 

(TKGFTKEJ+$TCMVGCVI-CKUGTVJTQPVXXOKV-TGW\UVCDWPF4GKEJUCRHGNOKV.KNK GPMTGW\$GTIGTp$WEJGPCW(FXQP)QVJC5NI$QPJQHHp  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV-NGKPG4CPFCWUDTÒEJGFGPPQEJUGJTCVVTCMVKXGUXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT





$TCMVGCV  I (4+&'4+%85 +/26 -CKUGT VJTQPV X X OKV .KNKGP\GRVGT WPF 4GKEJUCRHGN CWH   (CNVUVWJNKO(GNF\YGK-WIGNPWPF\YGK-TGW\G$GTIGTp5NI$QPJQHH  48QT\ÒINKEJGU2TCEJVGZGORNCTOKVJÒDUEJGT2CVKPC 



$TCMVGCVI (4+&'4+%854':+86#6-CKUGTVJTQPVXX.KNKGP\GRVGTWPF4GKEJUCRHGNCWH GKPGO(CNVUVWJNFGTOKV6KGTMÌRHGPXGT\KGTVKUV$GTIGTp0CW &KG<GKVFGT5VCWHGT p XIN   44*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCYKP\5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­UGJTUEJÌP



&KG <WYGKUWPI FGU XQTNKGIGPFGP 'ZGORNCTU KUV PKEJV IGUKEJGTV 'U MQOOV CWEJ FKG 4GKEJUOÒP\UV·VVG 5CCNHGNF KP   (TCIG &KG 6KVWNCVWT 4': -ÌPKI  KUV HÒT DGKFG /ÒP\UV·VVGP WPIGYÌJPNKEJ FC UKG KP FGT 4GIGN FGP -CKUGTVKVGN  

+/2'4#614 KPFGT7OUEJTKHVPGPPGP'KPG2T·IWPIY·JTGPFFGT-ÌPKIU\GKV(TKGFTKEJU+  UEJGKFGV CWUFC(TKGFTKEJ+\YKUEJGP-ÌPKIYCTFKG/ÒP\UV·VVG#NVGPDWTICDGTGTUVWOWPF5CCNHGNFGTUV  GKPIGTKEJVGV YWTFG #WEJ GKPG MÌPKINKEJG 2T·IWPI WPVGT (TKGFTKEJ ++   KUV WPYCJTUEJGKPNKEJ FC   FKGUGT\YKUEJGP-ÌPKIYCTFKG/ÒP\UV·VVGP#NVGPDWTIWPF5CCNHGNFCDGTDGTGKVUCPFKG)TCHGPXQP 5EJYCT\DWTI XGTRH·PFGV YWTFGP &KG UR·VGTGP $TCMVGCVGP (TKGFTKEJU ++ \GKIGP CW­GTFGO MGKPGTNGK 7OUEJTKHV   9CJTUEJGKPNKEJGT KUV GU CP\WPGJOGP FCUU FKG $WEJUVCDGPHQNIG +86#6 CO 'PFG FGT7OUEJTKHVGKPGPVUVGNNVGU+/ 2'4#614FCTUVGNNGPUQNN

59


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2KNITKOWPF-CKUGT-QPTCF++&GPCTI-KTEJGPIGD·WFGOKV-TGW\KO2QTVCN\W FGP 5GKVGP '0&  '14 %*8104&85 5EJTKHVMTGW\ CWU Q/4Û  +.+)4 GPVUVGNNVGU 2+.+)4+/85    &CPPGPDGTIDXCT*·XGTPKEM-NWIG %0)  'VYCUFG\GPVTKGTVUGJTUEJÌP



8IN FGP -QOOGPVCT DGK -NWIG %0)  5  &KG HQNIGPFG )TWRRG =2KNKITKOWU5EJTKHVMTGW\V[RGP? UVGNNV PGDGP   FGP&TGKURKV\%QNQPKC2HGPPKIGP=%0)?FKGWOHCPITGKEJUVG5GTKGKPFGT#PFGTPCEJGT/ÒP\RT·IWPIFCT9KG DGK FGP &TGKURKV\%QNQPKC2HGPPKIGP KUV CWEJ JKGT FKG (TCIG PKEJV GKPFGWVKI IGMN·TV YGNEJG /ÒP\UV·VVGP CP FGT   2T·IWPI DGVGKNKIV UKPF #P FGT -TGCVKQP FGU CWU GKPGO 5EJTKHVMTGW\ IGDKNFGVGP /ÒP\DKNFGU KUV \YGKHGNNQU #PFGT   PCEJGT6TCFKVKQPGTMGPPDCT'UGTUEJGKPVFCJGTUKPPXQNNXQTGTUVFCU5RGMVTWOFGT/ÒP\GPOKVFGOCWUFGO0COGP 'DH 2KNITKOU IGDKNFGVGP 5EJTKHVMTGW\ WPVGT #PFGTPCEJ \WUCOOGP\WJCNVGP WO UR·VGTG &KHHGTGP\KGTWPIGP CWU FGT   )GUCOVDGVTCEJVWPIFGU/CVGTKCNUCDNGKVGP\WMÌPPGP

1466

1465

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$GTPJCTFXQP5CEJUGP$TCMVGCV9KVVGPDGTII $'40#4&85Û&8:Û8Û-QRH FGU*GT\QIUN$GTIGT0CW &KG<GKVFGT5VCWHGT 5NI$QPJQHH5NI.ÌDDGEMG 6JQTOCPP *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCMN4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP



&KGUGT$TCMVGCVKUVWO\WFCVKGTGPYKGFGT8GTINGKEJOKV*CNDGTUVCFV $GTIGT /CIFGDWTI $GTIGT D\Y   $TCPFGPDWTI $GTIGT  D\Y   WPF XQT CNNGO /GKUUGP $GTIGT   GTIKDV &KG UVKNKUVKUEJG   JPNKEJMGKVOKVNGV\VGTGONKG­GFGUJCND9KVVGPDGTICNU/ÒP\UV·VVGOÌINKEJGTUEJGKPGP9KVVGPDGTIDGJKGNV#NDTGEJV FGT$·TCWEJCNUKJOFKG1UVOCTMXGTNQTGPIKPI5GKP5QJP$GTPJCTFJCVJKGTWOIGOÒP\V$WEJGPCWGTY·IV 9GIGNGDGP



1467



  60

1468

1469

<YGKVG *·NHVG FGU  ,CJTJWPFGTVU $TCMVGCV #UEJGTUNGDGP 9GIGNGDGP WPF -ÌVJGP  I (ÒTUV   UKV\VXXOKV\YGK5EJYGTVGTP$GTIGT6JQTOCPP  #VVTCMVKXGU'ZGORNCTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



$TCMVGCV#UEJGTUNGDGP9GIGNGDGPWPF-ÌVJGPI(ÒTUVVJTQPVXXCWH$QIGPOKV&QRRGNMTGW\ \GRVGTWPF5EJKNF$GTIGTp6JQTOCPP 5GJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCVI9GNVNKEJGTUVGJVXXOKV.CP\G ! WPF(CJPG6JQTOCPPp

&KG<WYGKUWPIFGUXQTNKGIGPFGP'ZGORNCTUKUVPKEJVIGUKEJGTV

5EJÌPpUGJTUEJÌP




ARNSTEIN

1470



1471

#0-.#/

56#&6

$TCMVGCVI$WEJUVCDG6&CPPGPDGTI

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8INFGP-QOOGPVCTDGK*&CPPGPDGTI/ÒP\IGUEJKEJVG2QOOGTPUKO/KVVGNCNVGT5&CFKG5VCFVKPCNVGT <GKV WPF PQEJ DKU KPU :8 ,CJTJWPFGTV JKPGKP FGP 0COGP 6CPINKO 6CPEJNKO 6JCPIN[O 6JCPEMN[O 6JCPENCO   6CPMNCO VTWIUQFCTHOCPKJTFKG$TCMVGCVGPRQOOGTUEJGT(CDTKMOKV6UQFCPPCDGTCWEJFKGDGKNGIGPYGNEJGGU IGUVCVVGPKPFGODTGKVGP#\WINGKEJFCU6OQPQITCOOCVKUEJ\WXGTOWVJGP



#009'+.'4

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&GT1TV#P P YGKNGT 2HCN\-TGKU$GTI\CDGTP YKTFGTUVOCNUGTY·JPV&KG(GUVWPIGPWOFGP1TV XQPFGPGPFKGDGTÒJOVGUVGYQJNFGT6TKHGNUKUVIGJÌTVGP\WOUVCWHKUEJGP$WTIGPU[UVGO+PFGP,CJTGP DKUYWTFGPFKG4GKEJUKPUKIPKGPCWHFGO6TKHGNUXGTYCJTVWPFFGTGPINKUEJG-ÌPKI 4KEJCTF+ō.ÌYGPJGT\ŋ  JKGTIGHCPIGPIGJCNVGP+O,CJTGYWTFG#PPYGKNGTFCU5VCFV TGEJV XQP -CKUGT (TKGFTKEJ ++   XGTNKGJGP <WXQT XGTYCNVGVGP FKG 4GKEJUOKPKUVGTKCNGP XQP   #PPYGKNGT5VCFVWPF.CPF 

(TKGFTKEJ++'KPUGKVKIGT2HGPPKIWOI<KPPGPVWTOÒDGT$WTIOCWGTOKV6QTN -TGW\$GTIGTp5EJGTGT5NI$QPJQHH 4)WVCWUIGRT·IVGU'ZGORNCTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



1472

#4056'+0

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&KG $WTI #TPUVGKP DGK *CTMGTQFG KO JGWVKIGP -TGKU *GVVUVGFV YWTFG WOCNUTQOCPKUEJGU-CUVGNN XQP FGP *GTTGP XQP #TPUVGFV GTTKEJVGV <YKUEJGP  WPF  YWTFG FGT *GTTUEJCHVUDGTGKEJ KO   0QTFJCT\FWTEJFKXGTUG-KTEJGPNGJGPWPF4GEJVG /ÒP\$GTIDCW8QKIVGKTGEJVG GTYGKVGTV'PFGFGU ,JGTNQUEJFKG5VCOONKPKGFGT#TPUVGKPGTFWTEJFGP'KPVTKVVFTGKGT$TÒFGTKPFGP&GWVUEJGP1TFGP WPFFKG*GTTUEJCHVHKGNCPFKG)TCHGPXQP(CNMGPUVGKP/KVVGFGU,JIKPI#TPUVGKPCPFKG)TCHGPXQP 4GIGPUVGKPÒDGTGJGOKVFGP/CPUHGNFGT)TCHGPGTPGWVGKP$GUKV\GTYGEJUGNGTHQNIVG 

9CNVGT ++  $TCMVGCV *GVVUVGVV  I /' (+%+& '46* 8'.*#4 #FNGT ÒDGT 4CPMGP   \YKUEJGP\YGK5VGTPGP$GTIGT0CW &KG<GKVFGT5VCWHGT 5NI$QPJQHHp5NI.ÌDDGEMG 8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV4CPFCWUDTWEJWPF-PKEMURWTGPUGJTUEJÌP  'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPIFG9KV#WMVKQP(TKV\4WFQNH-ÒPMGT 1UPCDTÒEM 0T

1473



$TCMVGCV*GVVUVGVVI 9#.6*'485 #&81%#685 #4056'6#FNGTXXOKVCWUIG DTGKVGVGP5EJYKPIGPFGP-QRHPCEJNIGYCPFV$GTIGT0CW &KG<GKVFGT5VCWHGT p5NI$QPJQHHp 5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5NI.ÌDDGEMG 8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV-N2T·IGUEJY·EJGCO4CPF UQPUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCTOKVCVVTCMVKXGT2CVKPC

 61


ARNSTEIN

1474



$TCMVGCV*GVVUVGVVI#FNGTXXOKVCWUIGDTGKVGVGP5EJYKPIGPFGP-QRHPCEJNIGYCPFV\WFGP 5GKVGP LG GKP 5VGTP WPF FTGK 4KPIG $GTIGT  0CW &KG <GKV FGT 5VCWHGT   5NI $QPJQHH p   5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKVp5NI.ÌDDGEMG  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV8QT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCTOKVFWPMNGT2CVKPC 

1475

1476



$TCMVGCV *GVVUVGVV  I #FNGT X X OKV CWUIGDTGKVGVGP 5EJYKPIGP FGP -QRH PCEJ N IGYCPFV   WPVGT JCNDOQPFHÌTOKIGO $QIGP $GTIGT  0CW &KG <GKV FGT 5VCWHGT  p 5NI $QPJQHH    5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKVp5NI.ÌDDGEMG  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCTOKVJÒDUEJGT2CVKPC 



$TCMVGCV*GVVUVGVVI$TWUVDKNFFGU'FGNJGTTGPXXOKV5EJYGTVWPF(CJPGPNCP\GÒDGT$QIGP\W FGP 5GKVGP LG GKP 6WTO WPVGT $QIGP #FNGT X X OKV CWUIGDTGKVGVGP 5EJYKPIGP FGP -QRH PCEJ N   IGYCPFV$GTIGT0CW &KG<GKVFGT5VCWHGT 5NI$QPJQHH5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV 5NI.ÌDDGEMG 8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV.GKEJVG2T·IGUEJY·EJGCO4CPF UQPUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCTOKVHGKPGT6ÌPWPI 

1477

1478



$TCMVGCV *GVVUVGVV  I #FNGT X X OKV CWUIGDTGKVGVGP 5EJYKPIGP FGP -QRH PCEJ N IGYCPFV KP   2QTVCNOKVHÒPH6ÒTOGP$GTIGT0CW &KG<GKVFGT5VCWHGT p5NI$QPJQHH5NI*QJGPUVCW HGP\GKVp5NI.ÌDDGEMG 44*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCMN5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­XQT\ÒINKEJ 



$TCMVGCV*GVVUVGVVI#FNGTXXOKVCWUIGDTGKVGVGP5EJYKPIGPFGP-QRHPCEJNIGYCPFVWPVGT #TEJKVGMVWTDQIGP$GTIGT0CW &KG<GKVFGT5VCWHGT p5NI$QPJQHH5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV p5NI.ÌDDGEMG 8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV#VVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT

62




ARNSTEIN

1479







1481

1480

$TCMVGCV*GVVUVGVVI#FNGTXXOKVCWUIGDTGKVGVGP5EJYKPIGPFGP-QRHPCEJNIGYCPFVÒDGT /CWGTTKPIOKV\YGK6ÒTOGPWPF2QTVCN$GTIGT0CW &KG<GKVFGT5VCWHGT 5NI$QPJQHH 5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKVp5NI.ÌDDGEMG  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV8QT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCTOKVJÒDUEJGT2CVKPC



$TCMVGCV*GVVUVGVVI#FNGTXXOKVCWUIGDTGKVGVGP5EJYKPIGPFGP-QRHPCEJNIGYCPFVÒDGT #TEJKVGMVWTDQIGP FCTKP DTGKVGT 6WTO $GTIGT  0CW &KG <GKV FGT 5VCWHGT   5NI $QPJQHH   5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5NI.ÌDDGEMG  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV(GKPG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



$TCMVGCV*GVVUVGVVI#FNGTXXOKVCWUIGDTGKVGVGP5EJYKPIGPFGP-QRHPCEJNIGYCPFV\YKUEJGP \YGK6ÒTOGPCWH$QIGPFCTKP2CNOGVVG$GTIGT0CW &KG<GKVFGT5VCWHGT 5NI$QPJQHH 5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKVp5NI.ÌDDGEMG 444GUVGXQP)TÒPURCPUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



1482



$TCMVGCV*GVVUVGVVI#FNGTXXOKVCWUIGDTGKVGVGP5EJYKPIGPFGP-QRHPCEJNIGYCPFVÒDGT FQRRGNVÒTOKIGO)GD·WFGFCTKPFKG-ÌRHGFGU&[PCUVGPRCCTGU$GTIGT0CW &KG<GKVFGT5VCWHGT  5NI$QPJQHH5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKVp5NI.ÌDDGEMG  48QT\ÒINKEJGU2TCEJVGZGORNCTOKVJGTTNKEJGT2CVKPC

1483



1484

9CNVGT+++$TCMVGCV*GVVUVGVVI#FNGTOKVCWUIGDTGKVGVGP5EJYKPIGPFGP-QRHPCEJN IGYCPFV$GTIGTp5NI$QPJQHHp5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKVp5NI.ÌDDGEMGp  44-N5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­CO4CPFUQPUVUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJOKVJÒDUEJGT2CVKPC



$TCMVGCV*GVVUVGFVI)TCHOKV5EJYGTVWPF5EJKNFTGKVGVT#FNGTOKVCWUIGDTGKVGVGP5EJYKPIGP ÒDGTFGO-QRHFGU2HGTFGU$GTIGTp5NI$QPJQHH5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5NI.ÌDDGEMG

FQTVWPVGT)TCHGPXQP$GKEJNKPIGP  )GUEJPKVVGPGT*·NDNKPIUGJTUEJÌP



5KGJG6QTPCW0T6CHGN++0TWPF6GZV5





63


ARNSTEIN

1486

1485





#NDGTV  $TCMVGCV *GVVUVGVV  I #FNGT X X OKV CWUIGDTGKVGVGP 5EJYKPIGP FGP -QRH   PCEJNIGYCPFVWPVGT&TGKRC­FCTÒDGTXKGTVÒTOKIGU)GD·WFG$GTIGT0CW &KG<GKVFGT5VCWHGT p 5NI $QPJQHH  FQTV WPVGT 9CNVGT +++ p  5NI *QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV p 5NI .ÌDDGEMG   

FQTVWPVGT9CNVGT+++p  445GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



$TCMVGCV*GVVUVGVVI#FNGTXXOKVCWUIGDTGKVGVGP5EJYKPIGPFGP-QRHPCEJNIGYCPFVWPVGT &TGKRC­ FCTÒDGT XKGTVÒTOKIGU )GD·WFG $GTIGT  0CW &KG <GKV FGT 5VCWHGT  p 5NI $QPJQHH

FQTVWPVGT9CNVGT+++p 5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKVp5NI.ÌDDGEMG FQTVWPVGT9CNVGT+++ p  44*CNDKGTVWPF4CPFCWUDTWEJUGJTUEJÌP



1487



$TCMVGCV*GVVUVGVVI#FNGTOKVCWUIGDTGKVGVGP5EJYKPIGPFGP-QRHPCEJNIGYCPFVWPVGT&TGK DQIGPOKVFTGK6ÒTOGP$GTIGTp5NI$QPJQHHp5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKVp5NI.ÌDDGEMGp  8QPITÌ­VGT5GNVGPJGKV*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ

1488





1489

$TCMVGCV*GVVUVGVVI#FNGTXXOKVCWUIGDTGKVGVGP5EJYKPIGPFGP-QRHPCEJNIGYCPFVWPVGT #TEJKVGMVWTDQIGPOKVFTGK6ÒTOGP$GTIGTp0CW &KG<GKVFGT5VCWHGT p5NI$QPJQHHp5NI*QJGP UVCWHGP\GKVp5NI.ÌDDGEMGp  8QPITÌ­VGT5GNVGPJGKV*ÌEJUVYCJTUEJGKPNKEJWPGFKGTV-N4CPFCWUDTÒEJG UQPUVHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCTOKVFWPMNGT2CVKPC



$TCMVGCV*GVVUVGVVI#FNGTXXOKVCWUIGDTGKVGVGP5EJYKPIGPFGP-QRHPCEJNIGYCPFVWPVGT #TEJKVGMVWTDQIGPOKVXKGT6ÒTOGP$GTIGTp0CW &KG<GKVFGT5VCWHGT p5NI$QPJQHHp5NI*QJGP UVCWHGP\GKVp5NI.ÌDDGEMGp 445GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



#NU2T·IGJGTTFKGUGUWPFFGTHQNIGPFGPHÒPH$TCMVGCVGPMQOOVCWEJ9CNVGT+8  KP(TCIG

64




ARNSTEIN

1490 2:1



$TCMVGCV*GVVUVGVVI-QRHXXÒDGT#TEJKVGMVWTDQIGPOKV\YGK6ÒTOGPFCTWPVGT#FNGTXXOKV CWUIGDTGKVGVGP 5EJYKPIGP FGP -QRH PCEJ N IGYCPFV $GTIGT p 0CW &KG <GKV FGT 5VCWHGT  p   5NI$QPJQHHp5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKVp5NI.ÌDDGEMGp  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV*ÌEJUVYCJTUEJGKPNKEJWPGFKGTV-N5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­UGJTUEJÌP

1492

1491







$TCMVGCV*GVVUVGVVI)TCHUVGJVXXOKV.CP\GWPF#FNGTUEJKNFNKO(GNF6WTOTÒDGTFGO 5EJKNF -TGW\ $GTIGT p 0CW &KG <GKV FGT 5VCWHGT  p 5NI $QPJQHH p 5NI *QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV p   5NI.ÌDDGEMGp6QTPCW6H++0TWPF5 44#VVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT



$TCMVGCV*GVVUVGVVI)TCHUVGJVXXOKV.CP\GWPF#FNGTUEJKNFNKO(GNF6WTOTÒDGTFGO 5EJKNF -TGW\ $GTIGT p 0CW &KG <GKV FGT 5VCWHGT  p 5NI $QPJQHH p 5NI *QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV p   5NI.ÌDDGEMGp6QTPCW6H++0TWPF5 445GJTUEJÌP



1493



$TCMVGCV *GVVUVGVV  I *ÒHVDKNFFGU)TCHGPXXOKV.CP\GWPF#FNGTWPVGT&TGKRC­FCTCWHFTGK 6ÒTOG$GTIGTp0CW &KG<GKVFGT5VCWHGT p5NI$QPJQHHp5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKVp5NI.ÌDDGEMGp 6QTPCW6H++0TWPF5 445GJTUEJÌP



1494



$TCMVGCV*GVVUVGVVI*ÒHVDKNFFGU)TCHGPXXÒDGT$QIGPOKV5EJYGTVWPF#FNGT$GTIGTp0CW

&KG<GKVFGT5VCWHGT p5NI$QPJQHHp5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKVp5NI.ÌDDGEMGp6QTPCWp  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV*ÌEJUVYCJTUEJGKPNKEJWPGFKGTV5GJTUEJÌP

 65


AUGSBURG

1495

#7)5$74)

$+567/

5EJTKHVNKEJG $GNGIG HÒT GKP HTÒJEJTKUVNKEJGU $KUVWO #WIUDWTI IKDV GU PKEJV WPF CWEJ FKG 0COGP FGT   $KUEJÌHGXQO,CJTJWPFGTVUKPFNGIGPF·T&C#WIUDWTICDGTKPTÌOKUEJGT<GKV8GTYCNVWPIUUKV\GKPGT 2TQXKP\ 4CGVKC UGEWPFC  YCT KUV FCU 8QTJCPFGPUGKP GKPGU $KUVWOU CO 1TV JÌEJUVYCJTUEJGKPNKEJ 1D   FKGUGU CNNGTFKPIU FKG 8ÌNMGTYCPFGTWPIU\GKV ÒDGTFCWGTVG KUV HTCINKEJ3WGNNGPO·­KIIGUKEJGTVGU6GTTCKP DGVTGVGP YKT GTUV OKV $KUEJQH 9KEVGTR EC   Y·JTGPF FGUUGP 'RKUMQRCVU 5EJGPMWPIGP FWTEJ   -ÌPKI2KRRKPDGNGIVUKPF#O'PFGFGT-CTQNKPIGT\GKVYWTFG#WIUDWTIYKGFGTJQNVXQP7PICTPÒDGTH·N NGP DGFTQJV FKG GTUV OKV FGO 5KGI 1VVQ +   KP FGT 5EJNCEJV CWH FGO .GEJHGNF  GPFGVGP   $GFGWVGPFUVG 2GTUÌPNKEJMGKV FKGUGT 'RQEJG YCT $KUEJQH 7FCNTKEJ   9·JTGPF FGU +PXGUVKVWT   UVTGKVU MCO GU \W GKPGT &QRRGNDGUGV\WPI FGU $KUEJQHUUVWJNU   OKV 9KIQNV FGO -CPFKFCVGP FGU   &QOMCRKVGNUWPF5KGIHTKGFFGO-CRNCPFGUIGDCPPVGP-ÌPKIU*GKPTKEJ+8  &KG<GKVFGT MCKUGTNKEJR·RUVNKEJGP #WUGKPCPFGTUGV\WPIGP PWV\VG FKG 5VCFV KJTG (TGKJGKVGP CWU\WDCWGP 7PVGT   (TKGFTKEJ+ō$CTDCTQUUCŋ  GTNGDVGFKG5VCFVGKPGYKTVUEJCHVNKEJG$NÒVG\GKVWPFGTJKGNVCNUGKPG FGTGTUVGPGKPG5VCFVTGEJVUWTMWPFGYGNEJGFKG5VGNNWPIFGU$KUEJQHUCNU5VCFVJGTTGPHGUVNGIVG#WEJFKG HQNIGPFGP -ÌPKIG WPF -CKUGT FGU  ,CJTJWPFGTVU UV·TMVGP FKG 4GEJVG FGT EKXGU #WIWUVGPUGU HÒT FKG    GKP GTUVGU GKIGPGU 5KGIGN ÒDGTNKGHGTV KUV +P FGT <GKVFGU6JTQPUVTGKVUXQPDGJGTDGTIVG#WIU DWTI FGP $C[GTPJGT\QI WPF \WMÒPHVKIGP -CKUGT .WFYKI+8FGTUKGGPFIÒNVKI\WTHTGKGP4GKEJU UVCFVGTJQD   7FCNUEJCNMXQP'UEJGPNQJG  



7FCNUEJCNMFGUUGPHCOKNK·TG#DUVCOOWPIWPDGMCPPVKUVYWTFGCOGKPUVKOOKI\WO0CEJHQN IGTFGU$KUEJQHU*CTVYKIXQP.KGTJGKO  IGY·JNV5GKPG$G\KGJWPIGP\WOR·RUVNKEJGP5VWJN UEJGKPGP IWV IGYGUGP \W UGKP FGPP 2CRUV 7TDCP +++   PCJO FKG #WIUDWTIGT -KTEJG CO   KPUGKPGP5EJWV\YWTFG7FCNUEJCNMXQP2CRUV%ÌNGUVKP+++  FCOKVDGCWHVTCIV FCU .GDGP FGT  IGUVQTDGPGP -CKUGTKP -WPKIWPFG\WÒDGTRTÒHGPFKGJGKNKIIGURTQEJGPYWTFG 7FCNUEJCNM UVCPF CWH 5GKVGP FGT UVCWHKUEJGP -CKUGT FGTGP #PUGJGP GT CWEJ IGPQUU YQXQP \CJNTGKEJG   #WHGPVJCNVG (TKGFTKEJU + ō$CTDCTQUUCŋ   KP #WIUDWTI \GWIGP +O UVCWHKUEJYGNHKUEJGP   6JTQPUVTGKV XQP  WPVGTUVÒV\VG GT 2JKNKRR XQP 5EJYCDGP WPF WPVGT\GKEJPGVG  KP *CNNG FGP   (ÒTUVGPRTQVGUVIGIGPFKGR·RUVNKEJG'KPOKUEJWPIKPFCU-ÌPKIUYCJNTGEJVFGU4GKEJGU7FCNUEJCNMUVCTD COQFGTWPFYWTFGKPFGT)TWHVFGU$KUEJQHU'ODTKMQ IGUV DGKIGUGV\V $TCMVGCVI*ÒHVDKNFFGU$KUEJQHUXXOKV7NTKEJUMGNEJWPF7NTKEJUMTGW\$GTIGT0CW &KG <GKVFGT5VCWHGT 5NI$QPJQHH5VGKPJKNDGT 5EJÌPG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ



&CU)TCDFGUJGKNKIGP7NTKEJYWTFGIGÌHHPGVWPFFCTKPUGKPHW­NQUGT-GNEJWPFYCJTUEJGKPNKEJCWEJFCU-TGW\ IGHWPFGP

1496

1497

1498



$TCMVGCV  I $KUEJQH UKV\V X X OKV -TWOOUVCD WPF $WEJ CWH $QIGP WOJGT .GKVGTTGKH $GTIGT   5NI$QPJQHH5VGKPJKNDGT *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCVI$TWUVDKNFFGU$KUEJQHUXXOKV\YGKURKV\KIGT/KVTCWPFJGTCDJ·PIGPFGP+PHWND·PFGTP CWH FGO #W­GPTCPF XKGT *CNDDÌIGP OKV 5VGTP FCTKP FC\YKUEJGP LG GKPG .KNKG \YKUEJGP \YGK MNGKPGP   -TGW\EJGP$GTIGT0CW &KG<GKVFGT5VCWHGT 5NI$QPJQHH5VGKPJKNDGT  5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



$TCMVGCV  I $TWUVDKNF FGU $KUEJQHU X X OKV GTJQDGPGP *·PFGP \W FGP 5GKVGP LG GKPG -WIGN   $GTIGT0CW &KG<GKVFGT5VCWHGT 5NI$QPJQHH5VGKPJKNDGT 445GJTUEJÌP



 66


AUGSBURG

1499

1500

*CTVYKI++XQP*KTPJGKO





*CTVYKIUVCOOVG\YCTCWUGKPGTXQTPGJOGP(COKNKGYCTCDGTCW­GTGJGNKEJIGDQTGPYQTFGPYQDGKFGT 8CVGT GKP -NGTKMGT IGYGUGP UGKP UQNN 'T YWTFG CO  GKPUVKOOKI FWTEJ FCU &QOMCRKVGN \WO   0CEJHQNIGT 7FCNUEJCNMU   IGY·JNV QDYQJN UGKPG IGIGP FKG -KTEJGPIGUGV\G XGTUVQ­GPFG   )GDWTVFKGUGKIGPVNKEJXGTDQVGPJ·VVG2CRUV+PPQ\GP\+++  GTMCPPVGFGUJCNDFKG9CJN \WP·EJUV PKEJV CP DGUVGNNVG *CTVYKI FCPP CDGT FQEJ \WO 8GTYCNVGT FGU $KUVWOU 'KPG R·RUVNKEJG   -QOOKUUKQP WPVGT .GKVWPI FGU /CKP\GT 'T\DKUEJQHU 5KGIHTKGF XQP 'RRUVGKP WPVGTUWEJVG FCTCWHJKP FKG   *GTMWPHV*CTVYKIUWPFDGHCPFFGP)GY·JNVGPNGV\VNKEJFQEJHÒTYÒTFKI&GTPWPCWHFGO#WIUDWTIGT $KUEJQHUUVWJNUKV\GPFG*CTVYKINKG­UKEJLGFQEJPKGQHHK\KGNN\WO$KUEJQHYGKJGPUQFCUUFGT(TGKUKPIGT $KUEJQH 1VVQ XQP $GTI  FKG 9GKJG FGT #WIUDWTIGT -KTEJG ÒDGTPGJOGP OWUUVG #PUQPUVGPKUVCWU *CTVYKIU #OVU\GKV YGPKI DGMCPPV CW­GT FCUU CWEJ GT VTGW \WO UVCWHKUEJGP *GTTUEJGTJCWU UVCPF 'T   UVCTD CO  WPF JKPVGTNKG­ FGT #WIUDWTIGT -KTEJG GKPG 5RGPFG XQP ō 2HWPF #WIUDWTIGT   /ÒP\Gŋ 

$TCMVGCVI$TWUVDKNFFGU$KUEJQHUXXOKV-TWOOWPF-TGW\UVCD$GTIGT5NI$QPJQHH 5VGKPJKNDGT 5GJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCVI&TGKDQIGPXQP\YGK5·WNGPIGJCNVGPFCTKP-QRHXXQDGP\YGK.GQRCTFGPGKPCPFGT IGIGPÒDGT$GTIGT5VGKPJKNDGT 5GJTUEJÌP



1501



1502

$TCMVGCVI$TWUVDKNFFGU$KUEJQHUXXOKV2CNO\YGKIWPF-TWOOUVCD$GTIGTp5NI$QPJQHHp 5VGKPJKNDGT 448QT\ÒINKEJ *CTVOCPPXQP&KNNKPIGP







ªDGT-KPFJGKVWPF,WIGPF*CTVOCPPUKUVPWTYGPKIDGMCPPVCNU-NGTKMGTKUVGTGTUVUGKVDG\GWIV &WTEJGKPGPUEJPGNNGPªDGTVTKVV\WTCPVKUVCWHKUEJGP2CTVGKGTOÌINKEJVG)TCH*CTVOCPP+8XQP&KNNKPIGP UGKPGO5QJPFKG0CEJHQNIGKO#WIUDWTIGT$KUEJQHUCOV2CRUV+PPQ\GP\+8  HQNIVGJKGTDGK GKPGO'ORHGJNWPIUUEJTGKDGPFGU)GIGPMÌPKIU*GKPTKEJ4CURG  CNUGT*CTVOCPP \WO 0CEJHQNIGT FGU \WTÒEMIGVTGVGPGP $KUEJQHU 5KDQVQ OCEJVG $KU  DG\GKEJPGV UKEJ *CTVOCPP KP   UGKPGP7TMWPFGPCNNGTFKPIUNGFKINKEJCNUGNGEVWUGVEQPHKTOCVWUWPFPKEJVQHHK\KGNNCNUGRKUEQRWU&CFKG #WIUDWTIGT -KTEJGPRTQXKP\ LGFQEJ KO /CEJVDGTGKEJ FGT 5VCWHGT NCI XGT\KEJVGVG *CTVOCPP YGKVGUVIG   JGPF CWH TGKEJURQNKVKUEJG 2TQXQMCVKQPGP <WO 5VTGKV OKV FGP 5VCWHGTP MCO GU CNNGTFKPIU ÒDGT FKG   #WIUDWTIGT 5VCFVXQIVGK CP FGUUGP 'PFG UKEJ FKG 5VCFV FGT DKUEJÌHNKEJGP 1DGTJQJGKV GPVNGFKIGP MQPPVG   WPF MWT\G <GKV UR·VGT FKG 4GKEJUHTGKJGKV GTNCPIVG *CTVOCPP UVCTD CO  QFGT  CNU GKHTKIGT   (ÌTFGTGTFGTMNÌUVGTNKEJGP$GVVGNQTFGPCDGTPKEJVCNUUVCTMG(ÒJTWPIURGTUÌPNKEJMGKVCWHFGO#WIUDWTIGT $KUEJQHUUVWJN'TYWTFGKO#WIUDWTIGT&QOXQTFGO-TGW\CNVCTDGKIGUGV\V 

$TCMVGCVI$TWUVDKNFFGU$KUEJQHUXX\YKUEJGP\YGK-TWOOUV·DGPWPVGT$QIGPFCTCWH<KPPGP WPF \YGK 6ÒTOEJGP $GTIGT  0CW &KG <GKV FGT 5VCWHGT   5NI $QPJQHH    5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5VGKPJKNDGT 8QT\ÒINKEJ

 67


BAMBERG

1503

$+567/

$#/$'4)

&CU$KUVWO$CODGTIGPVUVCPFCWHITWPFGKPGUOCEJVRQNKVKUEJGPWPFMKTEJNKEJGP/CEJVXCMWWOUPCEJFGT #WHNÌUWPI FGT *GTTUEJCHV FGU /CTMITCHGP *GKPTKEJXQP5EJYGKPHWTV XQT #WHFGT/CKP\GT 2HKPIUVU[PQFGKO,CJTUKEJGTVGUKEJ*GKPTKEJ++  FKG<WUVKOOWPIFGT4GKEJUHÒTUVGPHÒT FKG 'TTKEJVWPI FGU $KUVWOU $CODGTI 0QEJ KO UGNDGP ,CJT DGUV·VKIVG 2CRUV ,QJCPPGU :8+++      FKG )TÒPFWPI WPF UVGNNVG FCU $KUVWO WPVGT R·RUVNKEJGP 5EJWV\ 5VCTMGT 2TQVGUV MCO FCDGK CWU   9ÒT\DWTI FC FGUUGP $KUEJQH *GKPTKEJ +   )GDKGVUCDVTGVWPIGP UGKPGU 5RTGPIGNU CP $CODGTI   PWT \WIGUVKOOV JCVVG YGKN FGT -CKUGT KJO FCU #OV GKPGU 'T\DKUEJQHU KP #WUUKEJV UVGNNVG #NU FKGUG   4CPIGTJÌJWPI LGFQEJ PKEJV GKPVTCV XGTYGKIGTVG GT FKG 8QNN\KGJWPI FGU 6CWUEJXGTVTCIGU \WP·EJUV 'U   GPVUVCPF GKPG ,CJTJWPFGTVG DGUVGJGPFG 4KXCNKV·V \YKUEJGP FGP DGKFGP $KUVÒOGTP $GMCPPV YWTFG   $CODGTI XQT CNNGO FWTEJ UGKPG JGTCWUTCIGPFG &QODKDNKQVJGM UQYKG UGKPG &QOUEJWNG CP FGT XKGNG   DGFGWVGPFG2GTUÌPNKEJMGKVGPFGU/KVVGNCNVGTUWPVGTTKEJVGVYWTFGPYKG\$FGT-ÌNPGT'T\DKUEJQH#PPQ ++   QFGT FGT -NGTKMGT 7FCNTKEJ !  FGT OKV UGKPGO %QFGZ 7FCNTKEK GKPG YKEJVKIG   3WGNNG\WTFGWVUEJGP)GUEJKEJVGFGT<GKVFGU+PXGUVKVWTUVTGKVGUNKGHGTVG 

4WRGTV  &GPCT  I $TWUVDKNF FGU $KUEJQHU X X OKV -TWOOUVCD&TGKVÒTOKIGU   -KTEJGPIGD·WFG-TWIC 44*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCMN2T·IGUEJY·EJGCO4CPFUGJTUEJÌP



1504



&GPCTI$TWUVDKNFFGU$KUEJQHUXXOKV-TWOOUVCDTKO(GNF-TGW\&TGKVÒTOKIGU-KTEJGP IGD·WFG-TWIXCT 5GNVGPG8CTKCPVGªDNKEJG2T·IGUEJY·EJGCO4CPFHCUVUGJTUEJÌP



&GPCT-TWI

ex 1505

5VÒEM5EJÌPpUGJTUEJÌP





1506

1VVQ+FGT*GKNKIG





1VVQ YWTFG YQJN WO FCU ,CJT  IGDQTGP WPF GPVUVCOOVG GKPGT GFGNHTGKGP UEJY·DKUEJGP (COKNKG   -CKUGT*GKPTKEJU+8  UCPFVGKJPOKVUGKPGT5EJYGUVGT,WFKVJPCEJFGTGP8GTO·JNWPI OKV *GT\QI 9NCF[UNCY + CNU -CRNCP PCEJ 2QNGP 0CEJ UGKPGT 4ÒEMMGJT YKTMVG GT \WP·EJUV CO *QHG   *GKPTKEJU +8 DGXQT GT 9GKJPCEJVGP  \WO $KUEJQH XQP $CODGTI GTJQDGP YWTFG 9·JTGPF FGU   +PXGUVKVWTUVTGKVUVTCV1VVQCNU8GTOKVVNGT\YKUEJGP-CKUGTWPF2CRUVCWH#WEJWPVGT*GKPTKEJ8    YWTFG GT OGJTHCEJ\W8GTJCPFNWPIGPOKV2CRUV2CUEJCNKU++CWUIGUCPFVWPFIGJÌTVGUEJNKG­NKEJ  \W FGP 7PVGT\GKEJPGTP FGU 9QTOUGT -QPMQTFCVU FCU FGP +PXGUVKVWTUVTGKV QHHK\KGNN DGGPFGVG   1VVQXGTUVCTDCO,WPK0WT,CJTGUR·VGTCO#WIWUVYWTFGGTCWHGKPGO*QHVCI -CKUGT *GKPTKEJU 8+   PKEJV \WNGV\V HÒT UGKPG GTHQNITGKEJGP /KUUKQPUTGKUGP  WPF   \WFGP2QOGTCPGPWPF.WVK\GPJGKNKIIGURTQEJGP  68

2HGPPKI  I &TGKVÒTOKIGU -KTEJGPIGD·WFG KO 2QTVCN GKP NKGIGPFGU 5-TGW\ KP FGP 9KPMGNP LG   GKPG-WIGN-TWIC 4ªDNKEJG2T·IGUEJY·EJGUGJTUEJÌP




BAMBERG

1507



2HGPPKI  I &TGKVÒTOKIGU -KTEJGPIGD·WFG KO 2QTVCN GKP NKGIGPFGU 5-TGW\ KP FGP 9KPMGNP LG   GKPG-WIGN-TWIC 4ªDNKEJG2T·IGUEJY·EJGWPFGVYCUFG\GPVTKGTVUGJTUEJÌP



1508



2HGPPKI  I $TWUVDKNF N OKV -TWOOUVCD WPF GTJQDGPGT .KPMGP-TGW\ KP FGP 9KPMGNP *CPF    -QRH-QRH*CPFCPFGP'PFGPFGT#TOGLGGKP4KPI-TWI  44&G\GPVTKGTVWPFÒDNKEJG2T·IGUEJY·EJGHCUVUGJTUEJÌP



1509



'DGTJCTF++XQP1VGNKPIGP2HGPPKII$TWUVDKNFFGU$KUEJQHUXXOKV-TWOOUVCD WPF$WEJ-TGW\CW­GPXKGT$TWUVDKNFGTOKVGTJQDGPGP*·PFGPKPGKPGO8KGTRC­-TWI  42T·IGUEJY·EJGHCUVUGJTUEJÌP



1510



2HGPPKII$TWUVDKNFFGU$KUEJQHUXXOKV-TWOOUVCDWPF$WEJ-TGW\KPFGP9KPMGNPLGGKP 5VGTPCW­GPXKGT$TWUVDKNFGTOKVGTJQDGPGP*·PFGPKPGKPGO8KGTRC­-TWIE  5GNVGPG8CTKCPVG2T·IGUEJY·EJGWPF-QTTQUKQPUURWTGPHCUVUGJTUEJÌP



ex 1511

5#//.70)$#/$'4) 

-NGKPG5COONWPIXQPÒDGTYKGIGPFOKVVGNCNVGTNKEJGP/ÒP\GPFGUDKU,CJTJWPFGTVUFCTWPVGTCWEJ UGNVGPGTG 6[RGP WPF 8CTKCPVGP #NNG /ÒP\GP UKPF UQTIH·NVKI PCEJ -TWI DGUVKOOV YQTFGP WPF GKIPGP   UKEJ KPUQHGTP JGTXQTTCIGPF \WO #WH QFGT #WUDCWGKPGT5RG\KCNUCOONWPI$CODGTI+PVGTGUUCPVGU.QV DKVVGDGUKEJVKIGP 5VÒEM7PVGTUEJKGFNKEJGTJCNVGPFGT)GUCOVGKPFTWEMKUVUGJTUEJÌP  69


BRANDENBURG

1512

1513

$4#0&'0$74) /#4-)4#(5%*#(6 +P FGT <GKV FGU OGTQYKPIKUEJGP -ÌPKIU %JKNFGDGTV ++   UKGFGNVGP UKEJ 5NCYGP KO )GDKGV FGT   *CXGNCPPCEJFGOFKGIGTOCPKUEJG$GXÌNMGTWPIFGT5GOPQPGPKP.CPFUVTKEJGYGUVNKEJFGT5CCNGWOIG UKGFGNV YQTFGP YCT 9QJN DGTGKVU PCEJ FGP (GNF\ÒIGP FGT ,CJTG  WPFIGJÌTVGP6GKNG$TCPFGP DWTIU \WO MCTQNKPIKUEJGP /CTMGPIÒTVGN &KG #PIUV XQT FGP 7PICTP VTKGD FGP UNCYKUEJGP 5VCOO FGT   *GXGNNGT\WGKPGO$ÒPFPKUOKVFGPDÌJOKUEJGP2TGO[UNKFGPWOFKGUNCYKUEJGP5V·OOG\YKUEJGPFGP $ÒPFPKURCTVPGTP WPVGT KJTGP 'KPHNWUU \W DGMQOOGP 'U HQNIVGP JGHVKIG -·ORHG YQDGK FCU <KGN GKPGT   XQNNUV·PFKIGP 7PVGTYGTHWPI LGFQEJ PKEJV GTTGKEJV YGTFGP MQPPVG +O 9KPVGT YWTFGFKGUNCYK UEJG*GTTUEJCHVFWTEJGKPGP(GNF\WI1VVQU+  \GTUEJNCIGPWPFFCU)GDKGVHQTVCPCNU0QTFOCTM XGTYCNVGV 0CEJ FGO 6QF FGU NGV\VGP UNCYKUEJGP *GTTUEJGTU 2T\KDKUNCY*GKPTKEJU  IKPI FKG *GTT   UEJCHV CP FKG &[PCUVKG FGT #UMCPKGT ÒDGT 0CEJ GKPGO GTPGWVGP &[PCUVKGYGEJUGN CP FKG 9KVVGNUDCEJGT   IGNCPIGUFGOUQIGPCPPVGPō(CNUEJGP9QNFGOCTŋ  FGTUKEJCNU0CEJHQNIGTFGT#UMC PKGTWPFUQOKVCNUNGIKVKOGT/CTMITCHCWUICDOKVJKNHG-CKUGT-CTNU+8FKG*GTTUEJCHVÒDGTFKG/CTM $TCPFGPDWTI \W GTNCPIGP <W $GIKPP FGU  ,J MCO GU UEJNKG­NKEJ \W #FGNUWPTWJGP KP FGPGP FKG   $TCPFGPDWTIGT *KNHG XQP-ÌPKI5KIKUOWPF  KP(QTOFGU0ÒTPDGTIGT$WTIITCHGP(TKGFTKEJ 8+  GTJKGNVGP&KGUGTNGIVGCNUGTUVGT*QJGP\QNNGTWPF-WTHÒTUVKP$TCPFGPDWTIFGP)TWPF UVGKPHÒTFGP#WHUVKGI\WOUR·VGTGP-ÌPKITGKEJ2TGW­GP 



2T\KDKUNCY *GKPTKEJ  &ÒPPRHGPPKI  I (ÒTUV OKV (CJPG TGKVGV T FCJKPVGT -TGW\   8KGTVÒTOKIGU)GD·WFG$CJTH$GTIGT5NI$QPJQHH5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV  5GJTUEJÌP



#NDTGEJVFGT$·T$TCMVGCV$TCPFGPDWTII $4#0=&'$84?)*ÒHVDKNFFGU/CTM ITCHGPXXOKV5EJYGTVWPF5EJKNFÒDGT<KPPGPOCWGT\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP6WTO$CJTHC$GTIGT 6JQTOCPP 44*GTTNKEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP



+PFGT5COONWPI$QPJQHHYKTFFKGUGT$TCMVGCVFGT<GKVWOWPFFGOUNCXKUEJGP(ÒTUVGP,CM\CXQP-ÌRGPKM FGOITQ­GP)GIPGTFGU/CTMITCHGP#NDTGEJVFGU$·TGP\WIGQTFPGV

1514





70

1515

$TCMVGCV $TCPFGPDWTI  I *'.# TÒEMN·WHKIG 7OUEJTKHV  /CTMITCH TGKVGV N OKV (CJPG T   KO (GNF IGUVKGNVGU $NCVV $CJTH  C $GTIGT  5NI $QPJQHH  5NI *QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV  5NI   .ÌDDGEMG6JQTOCPP *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCV 9GIGNGDGP  I /CTMITCH OKV 5EJYGTV WPF (CJPG UVGJV JCNDT \YKUEJGP \YGK 6ÒTOGP   $CJTH  $GTIGT  0CW &KG <GKV FGT 5VCWHGT   5NI $QPJQHH  5NI .ÌDDGEMG    6JQTOCPP 4*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ




BRANDENBURG

1516





1517

1VVQ +  $TCMVGCV $TCPFGPDWTI  I 1661  $4#  0& /CTMITCH OKV GTJQDGPGO   5EJYGTVWPF5EJKNFUVGJVXX\YKUEJGP6WTOIGD·WFGWPF<KPPGPVWTO$CJTH$GTIGT0CW

&KG <GKV FGT 5VCWHGT   5NI $QPJQHH  5NI *QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV  5NI .ÌDDGEMG    *ÒDUEJG2CVKPC2T·IGUEJY·EJGUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



$TCMVGCV $TCPFGPDWTI  I /CTMITCH UVGJV JCNDN OKV 5EJYGTV (CJPG WPF 5EJKNF \W FGP 5GKVGP   )GD·WFG OKV 6ÒTOGP N KO (GNF 1661 $CJTH  $GTIGT  5NI $QPJQHH  5NI *QJGP   UVCWHGP\GKV5NI.ÌDDGEMG 449KP\4CPFCWUDTWEJUGJTUEJÌP



'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI##WMVKQP&T$WUUQ2GWU0CEJH(TCPMHWTV/CKP0T

1518





1519

1VVQ ++  $TCMVGCV $TCPFGPDWTI  I 161 /#4+ /CTMITCH UVGJV X X OKV 5EJYGTV   (CJPGWPF5EJKNF$CJTH$GTIGT5NI$QPJQHH5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5NI.ÌDDGEMG 4*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCV $TCPFGPDWTI  I $TWUVDKNF FGU /CTMITCHGP X X OKV 5EJYGTV (CJPG WPF 5EJKNF ÒDGT   $QIGP$CJTH$GTIGTp5NI$QPJQHH 5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



1520

1521



$TCMVGCV $TCPFGPDWTI  I /CTMITCH UVGJV X X OKV 5EJYGTV WPF (CJPG \YKUEJGP \YGK 6ÒTOGP   $CJTH$GTIGT 45GJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCV $TCPFGPDWTI  I 1661/#4%+1/CTMITCHUVGJVXXOKV5EJYGTV.CP\GWPF5EJKNF \YKUEJGP\YGK6ÒTOGP$CJTH$GTIGT 45GJTUEJÌP



1522

1523



$TCMVGCV$TCPFGPDWTII/CTMITCHUVGJVXXOKV5EJYGTV(CJPGWPF5EJKNF$CJTH$GTIGTp 5NI$QPJQHH 5GJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCV $TCPFGPDWTI  I /CTMITCH UVGJV X X OKV 5EJYGTV (CJPG WPF 5EJKNF $CJTH  XCT   $GTIGTp5NI$QPJQHHp *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP

 71


BRANDENBURG

1524

1525



$TCMVGCV $TCPFGPDWTI  I /CTMITCH UVGJV X X OKV 5EJYGTV WPF (CJPG \YKUEJGP \YGK -WIGNP   $CJTH$GTIGTp5NI$QPJQHHp5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV 5GJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCV $TCPFGPDWTI  I /CTMITCH UVGJV X X OKV 5EJYGTV (CJPG WPF 5EJKNF WPVGP N .KNKG   $CJTH$GTIGTp5NI$QPJQHH 5GJTUEJÌP



1526

1527



$TCMVGCV $TCPFGPDWTI  I /CTMITCH UVGJV X X OKV 5EJYGTV WPF (CJPG KP &TGKRC­ $CJTH    $GTIGTp5NI$QPJQHH 5GJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCV $TCPFGPDWTI  I /CTMITCH UVGJV X X OKV 5EJYGTV WPF (CJPG \YKUEJGP \YGK .KNKGP   $CJTH$GTIGTp5NI$QPJQHH 5GJTUEJÌP



1528

1529



$TCMVGCV/ÒP\UV·VVGYCJTUEJGKPNKEJ$TCPFGPDWTII/CTMITCHUVGJVXXOKV5EJYGTVWPF5EJKNF \YKUEJGP\YGK.KNKGPN6WTO$CJTHp$GTIGTp5NI$QPJQHHp 5GJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCV 5CN\YGFGN  I <YKUEJGP \YGK -WRRGNVÒTOGP GKP ITQ­GT <KPPGPVWTO FCTKP $QIGP OKV   5EJNÒUUGN $CJTH  $GTIGT  'DGTJCIGP  5NI $QPJQHH  5NI *QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV    8QT\ÒINKEJ



ex 1531

1530



$TCMVGCV5VGPFCNI1661/#4%+1/CTMITCHUVGJVXXOKV(CJPGWPF5EJKNFKPFGT.KPMGP $WTIOQFGNNN4QUGVVG$CJTHp$GTIGT5NI#5NI.ÌDDGEMG  4*GTTNKEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



5#//.70)$4#0&'0$74)  72

-NGKPG 5COONWPI XQP DTCPFGPDWTIKUEJGP &GPCTGP FGU  ,CJTJWPFGTVU OGKUV XGTUEJKGFGP   +PVGTGUUCPVGU.QVDKVVGDGUKEJVKIGP 5VÒEM5EJÌPpUGJTUEJÌP




BRAUNSCHWEIG UND LÜNEBURG

1532

$4#705%*9'+)

56#&6 

5·EJUKUEJGT 5EJYGTVITQUEJGP Q , FGU -WTHÒTUVGP (TKGFTKEJ ++  OKV )GIGPUVGORGN XQP   $TCWPUEJYGKICWHFGT8QTFGTUGKVG)TQDIGUEJPKVVGPGT$WEJUVCDG$FGTQDGTG3WGTUVTKEJIGTCFGI -TWU[$ /ÒP\GWPF)GIGPUVGORGNUGJTUEJÌP



1533

$4#705%*9'+)70&.ª0'$74) $+..70)'4+0 0+'&'4 5#%*5'0 

6JKGVOCT Ó &GPCT WPDGUVKOOVG /ÒP\UV·VVG KO 0KGFGTGNDGTCWO  I *+Û#&/'485   -TGW\ KP FGP 9KPMGNP LG GKPG -WIGN01801+6/#18&TGKURKV\KIGT -PQVGP &CPPGPDGTI    ,GUUG-KNIGT0G+# 5GJTUEJÌP

)TCH6JKGVOCTYCTGKP$TWFGTXQP*GT\QI$GTPJCTFU++  XQP5CEJUGPCWUFGT#FGNUHCOKNKGFGT$KNNWP IGT'TYCTCO#WHUVCPFIGIGP-CKUGT*GKPTKEJ++  DGVGKNKIVYWTFGCDGTFWTEJFKG8GTOKVVNWPI 'T\DKUEJQH 7PYCPU XQP *CODWTI$TGOGP   DGIPCFKIV 'T ICNV CNU 9QJNV·VGT FGT $TGOGT -KTEJG &CU   EJCTCMVGTKUVKUEJG$KNFUGKPGT2HGPPKIGKUVFGTFTGKURKV\KIG-PQVGPFGTFKGEJTKUVNKEJG&TGKHCNVKIMGKVU[ODQNKUKGTGPUQNN

1534



1535

$4#705%*9'+).ª0'$74)*'4<1)67/ 



*GKPTKEJ FGT.ÌYG*GT\QIXQP5CEJUGP$TCMVGCV$TCWPUEJYGKII.ÌYGUVGJVN ÒDGTIGDQIGPGT/CWGTOKV\YGK<KPPGPVÒTOGPNKO(GNF.KNKGP\GRVGTWPFJKPVGTFGO-QRHGKPG-WIGN $GTIGT&GPKEMG5NI$QPJQHH5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5NI.ÌDDGEMG9GNVGT *GTTNKEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ $TCMVGCV $TCWPUEJYGKI  I .ÌYG UVGJV N ÒDGT IGDQIGPGT /CWGT OKV \YGK <KPPGPVÒTOGP N KO   (GNF .KNKGP\GRVGT WPF JKPVGT FGO -QRH GKPG -WIGN $GTIGT  &GPKEMG  5NI $QPJQHH  5NI   *QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5NI.ÌDDGEMG9GNVGT *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ

 

1536



$TCMVGCV $TCWPUEJYGKI  I #20%.'1'&8:*+04+%51.'1# .ÌYG NKGIV N FGP -QRH PCEJ   XQTPIGYCPFVQDGPKO(GNF-WIGN$GTIGT&GPKEMGC5NI$QPJQHH5NI.ÌDDGEMG 9GNVGT *GTTNKEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ

 73


BRAUNSCHWEIG UND LÜNEBURG

1537





$TCMVGCV$TCWPUEJYGKII 80'588+%*&8:.'1+02480'588+%*.ÌYGUEJTGKVGVN\W FGP5GKVGPLGGKP4KPIGN$GTIGT&GPKEMGC5NI$QPJQHH5NI.ÌDDGEMG9GNVGT  9KP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTCO4CPFUGJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCV$TCWPUEJYGKII 80'588+%*&8:.'1+02480'588+%*.ÌYGUEJTGKVGVN\W FGP5GKVGPLGGKP4KPIGN$GTIGT&GPKEMGC5NI$QPJQHH5NI.ÌDDGEMG9GNVGT 8QT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCTOKVJÒDUEJGT2CVKPC



1539





1538

1540

$TCMVGCV $TCWPUEJYGKI  I +'20%.'1'.&8:*+040%51.'1# .ÌYG UEJTGKVGV N FGP -QRH   PCEJ XQTP IGYCPFV $GTIGT  &GPKEMG  D 5NI $QPJQHH  5NI .ÌDDGEMG  9GNVGT  E   *GTTNKEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCV $TCWPUEJYGKI  I 0%58+% &8: *'+04+%85 .'1 .ÌYG UEJTGKVGV T WPVGP .KNKG   $GTIGT&GPKEMGD 5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



1541

1542



$TCMVGCV.ÒPGDWTII.ÌYGUEJTGKVGVN$GTIGT

*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





$TCMVGCV.ÒPGDWTII.ÌYGUEJTGKVGVN$GTIGT

*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



1543

1544



$TCMVGCV.ÒPGDWTII.ÌYGUEJTGKVGVNOKVIGVGKNVGT5EJYCP\SWCUVGFCTCP-WIGNP$GTIGT &GPKEMGp (GKPG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





9KNJGNO  $TCMVGCV .ÒPGDWTI  I 9+..'*'./85 &' .80'$ .ÌYG UEJTGKVGV T   $GTIGT *GTTNKEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



74


BRAUNSCHWEIG UND LÜNEBURG

1545

1546



$TCMVGCV .ÒPGDWTI  I .ÌYG UEJTGKVGV N OKV IGVGKNVGT 5EJYCP\SWCUVG $GTIGT  5NI $QPJQHH   5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5NI.ÌDDGEMG 5GJTUEJÌP





9KNJGNOQFGT*GKPTKEJFGT.CPIG$TCMVGCV.ÒPGDWTII.ÌYGURTKPIVNWPVGT /CWGTDQIGPFCTCWH.KNKG\YKUEJGP6ÒTOGP$GTIGT *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



1547

1548



$TCMVGCV.ÒPGDWTII.ÌYGTFGP-QRHPCEJXQTPIGYCPFVWPVGT/CWGTDQIGPFCTCWH<KPPGP VWTO$GTIGT&GPKEMGp 4*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCV .ÒPGDWTI  I .ÌYG UVGJV N QDGP T $QIGP OKV <KPPGP WPF -WRRGNVWTO $GTIGT    5NI$QPJQHH5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5NI.ÌDDGEMG  *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



1549

1550



$TCMVGCV.ÒPGDWTII.ÌYGUEJTGKVGVTFCXQTGKP-TGW\JKPVGTKJOGKPG-WIGNWPVGP.KNKGOKV \YGK$N·VVGTP$GTIGT&GPKEMGp *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





*GKPTKEJ FGT .CPIG  $TCMVGCV .ÒPGDWTI  I .ÌYG N WPVGT &QRRGNDQIGP FCTCWH   -WRRGNVWTO\YKUEJGP\YGK4KPIGNP$GTIGT&GPKEMGp *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



1551

1552



$TCMVGCV .ÒPGDWTI  I .ÌYG URTKPIV T ÒDGT <KPPGPVWTO $GTIGT  5NI $QPJQHH    5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5NI.ÌDDGEMG *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



1VVQ+8$TCMVGCV.ÒPGDWTII)GMTÌPVGT.ÌYGUEJTGKVGVN$GTIGT&GPKEMGp 45GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

  75


BREMEN

1553





1554

$TCMVGCV .ÒPGDWTI  I )GMTÌPVGT .ÌYG UEJTGKVGV T WPVGT /CWGTDQIGP FCTÒDGT -TGW\ \YKUEJGP   \YGK4KPIGNP$GTIGT5NI$QPJQHH5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5NI.ÌDDGEMG  5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



$TCMVGCV .ÒPGDWTI  I )GMTÌPVGT .ÌYG UVGJV PCEJ N XQT KJO -TGW\ JKPVGT FGO -QRH 4KPIGN   $GTIGT5NI$QPJQHH5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV 5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



1556

1555





1VVQFCU-KPF$TCMVGCV$TCWPUEJYGKII 1661&8:&'$480.ÌYGUEJTGKVGVT FGP -QRH PCEJ XQTP IGYCPFV CWH <KPPGPOCWGT $GTIGT  &GPKEMG  5NI $QPJQHH    5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5NI.ÌDDGEMG9GNVGT 5GJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCV $TCWPUEJYGKI  I .ÌYG URTKPIV N FGP -QRH PCEJ XQTP IGYCPFV ÒDGT GKPGT .KNKG   \YKUEJGP \YGK 6ÒTOGP $GTIGT  &GPKEMG  5NI $QPJQHH  5NI *QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV    5NI.ÌDDGEMG9GNVGTD 5GJTUEJÌP



ex 1557

5#//.70)$4#705%*9'+).ª0'$74) 

-NGKPG5COONWPIXQP$TCMVGCVGPFGU*GT\QIVWOU$TCWPUEJYGKI.ÒPGDWTIWPFFGT5VCFV$TCWPUEJYGKI *QEJKPVGTGUUCPVGU.QVDKVVGDGUKEJVKIGP 5VÒEM/GKUVUGJTUEJÌP

1559

1558

'4<$+567/ 

 76



$4'/'0

)GTJCTF++XQPFGT.KRRG$TCMVGCVI&GTJGKNKIG2GVTWUUKV\VXXCWH$QIGPKP LGFGT*CPFGKPPCEJCW­GPIGMGJTVGT5EJNÒUUGN$GTIGT5NI$QPJQHH  -N4CPFCDDTÒEJGUGJTUEJÌP $TCMVGCVI&GTJGKNKIG2GVTWUUKV\VXXOKV(CJPGWPF5EJNÒUUGNCWH$QIGP$GTIGT  5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

 


CORVEY

1560

1561



$TCMVGCV  I $TWUVDKNF FGU 'T\DKUEJQHU X X OKV 5EJNÒUUGN WPF $WEJ ÒDGT $QIGP FCTKP 4QUGVVG  

NKRRKUEJG4QUG! $GTIGT 5GJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCV  I *ÒHVDKNF FGU 'T\DKUEJQHU X X OKV -TWOOUVCD WPF $WEJ $GTIGT  ,WPIM    5NI$QPJQHH &WPMNG2CVKPCMN4CPFCDDTWEJUGJTUEJÌP



1562

1563

1564



*KNFDQNFXQP9WPUVQTH$TCMVGCVI-QRHFGU'T\DKUEJQHUXXWPVGT&TGKDQIGPOKV FTGK6ÒTOGP$GTIGT 4CPFCDDTWEJHCUVUGJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCV  I $TWUVDKNF FGU 'T\DKUEJQHU X X OKV -TWOOUVCD WPF 6WTO ÒDGT $QIGP $GTIGT    5GJTUEJÌP





)KUDGTV XQP $TQPMJQTUV  $TCMVGCV  I $TWUVDKNF FGU 'T\DKUEJQHU X X FKG $TWUV CNU   &QRRGNDQIGPIG\GKEJPGV$GTIGT #VVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT



1565

#$6'+

%148';

+O,CJTGYWTFGFKG$GPGFKMVKPGTCDVGK%QTXG[DGK*ÌZVGTKP0QTFTJGKP9GUVHCNGPCNU·NVGUVGU-NQUVGT 5CEJUGPUXQP.WFYKIFGO(TQOOGP  IGITÒPFGV5GKPG$NÒVG\GKVGTNGDVG%QTXG[KO,JPCEJ FGTªDGTHÒJTWPIFGT4GNKSWKGPFGU*GKNKIGP8KVWUFWTEJFKGGU\WGKPGODGFGWVGPFGP9CNNHCJTVUQTVHÒT ICP\5CEJUGPYWTFG-CKUGT.WFYKIFGT(TQOOGXGTNKGJKO,CJTG#DV9CTKP+  CWEJFCU ·NVGUVGDGMCPPVG/ÒP\TGEJVURTKXKNGIÌUVNKEJFGU4JGKPU(GTPGTYCT%QTXG[GKPG$KNFWPIUUV·VVGHÒTFGP U·EJUKUEJGP#FGNWPFGKPYKEJVKIGT/KUUKQPUUVÒV\RWPMV+O+PXGUVKVWTUVTGKVUVGNNVGGUUKEJCNU<GPVTWOFGT )TGIQTKCPGTWPF*KTUCWGT4GHQTOIGIGPFGP5CNKGTMCKUGT*GKPTKEJ+8  'UHQNIVGGKPFWTEJ )GDKGVUCDVTGVWPIGP DGHÌTFGTVGT \GKVYGKNKIGT #DUVKGIKPFGT\YGKVGP*·NHVGFGU,J9GKVGTG)GDKGVU XGTMNGKPGTWPIGP KO 8GTNCWHG FGU  ,J \WIWPUVGP -ÌNPU 2CFGTDQTPU WPF $TCWPUEJYGKIU TGFW\KGTVGP   FKG -NQUVGTJGTTUEJCHV CWH GKP UGJT MNGKPGU 6GTTKVQTKWO +O ,CJTG  YWTFG %QTXG[ FCPP CWH $GHGJN   2CRUV $QPKHCVKWU +:   XQNNUV·PFKI KP FCU *QEJUVKHV 2CFGTDQTP KPMQTRQTKGTV +P FGT(QNIG\GKV XGTHKGNFKG#DVGKOGJTWPFOGJTGTNGDVGCDGTKO$CTQEMPQEJGKPOCNGKPGMWT\G$NÒVGFWTEJFGP0GW DCWFGT-NQUVGTMKTEJG 

*GTOCPP+XQP*QNVG2HGPPKIWOI 5#0%6858+6854WPFGT8KGTRC­ FCTKP -QRH FGU JGKNKIGP 8KVWU N%84  $'+  #%+  8+6 .CPIGU &QRRGNHCFGPMTGW\ FCTWO TWPFGT   8KGTRC­2GVGT+NKUEJ-NGKPG%QTXG[GT/ÒP\IGUEJKEJVG59GKPI  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV-N2T·IGUEJY·EJGUQPUVUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT 

1566



*GKPTKEJ+++XQP*QODWTI2HGPPKI*ÌZVGTI=*'?04+%+Û#=$#6+?#DVVJTQPV X X OKV /KVTC UGIPGPFGT 4GEJVGP WPF -TWOOUVCD=5#0%6?85Û8+685Û/1&'5=6'? -QRH FGU   JGKNKIGP8KVWUXX9GKPI FQTV/ÒP\UV·VVG%QTXG[  44.GKEJVFG\GPVTKGTVUGJTUEJÌP

 77


DONAUWÖRTH

1569

1567

1568

56#&6 

&'//+0

*QJNRHGPPKII.KNKGÒDGTGKPGTPKGFTKIGP/CWGT&CPPGPDGTI

4(CUVUGJTUEJÌP



&'765%*'414&'0 &'765%*'414&'0+024'755'0 

,CJTJWPFGTV$TCMVGCVI5VKNKUKGTVGT#TOJ·NV(CJPGKPFGT/KVVG-TGW\NKO(GNF$GK\GK EJGPXKGT-WIGNP0GWOCPPC9CUEJKPUMK 445GJTUEJÌP





*QJNRHGPPKII$WEJUVCDG$QJPG$GK\GKEJGP0GWOCPP\WX9CUEJKPUMKp  44&WPMNG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ



1570

1571



*QJNRHGPPKII6QTIGD·WFGOKVUGEJUUVTCJNKIGO5VGTPKO2QTVCN0GWOCPPV9CUEJKPUMK  4&WPMNG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP



*QJNRHGPPKII&TGK-WIGNPWPF$WEJUVCDG&0GWOCPPX9CUEJKPUMK



1573

1572

4'+%*5/ª0<5666'

4(CUVUGJTUEJÌP



&10#79¤46*

&QPCWYÌTVJYKTFGTUVOCNUCOWTMWPFNKEJCNU7WGTKFG 9GTFCJFō+PUGNŋ GTY·JPV-CKUGT -QPTCF++  DGUV·VKIVKORTKXKNGIKWO%QPTCFKFGO'FNGP/CPIQNF+FKGFGUUGP8CVGTFWTEJ 1VVQ+++IGY·JTVGP4GEJVGWPFXGTNGKJVKJO\WU·V\NKEJFCU/CTMV/ÒP\WPF<QNNTGEJV<WT<GKVFKGUGU 'FNGPDGHCPFUKEJXQT1TVDGTGKVUGKPDGHGUVKIVGT#FGNUUKV\ $WTI/CPIQNFUVGKP 0CEJFGOMKPFGTNQUGP 6QF /CPIQNFU +8 WO  YKTF FCU 4GKEJUNGJGP 9GTF YKGFGT GKPIG\QIGP WPF GKPG UVCWHKUEJG   2HCN\GTTKEJVGV&KG8GTNGKJWPIFGU5VCFVTGEJVUIGJVYQJNCWH-CKUGT(TKGFTKEJ++  \WTÒEM 



78

*GKPTKEJ 8+  $TCMVGCV  I &KG IGMTÌPVGP -ÌRHG *GKPTKEJU 8+ WPF -QPUVCP\GU XQP   5K\KNKGP PGDGPGKPCPFGT X X FC\YKUEJGP 5VCD WPVGP 5QPPG \YKUEJGP \YGK 2WPMVGP WPVGT &TGKDQIGP   $GTIGT)GDJCTV5VGKPJKNDGT 8QT\ÒINKEJ



(TKGFTKEJ++$TCMVGCVI)GMTÌPVGU$TWUVDKNFXXKPLGFGT*CPFGKP-TGW\$GTIGT )GDJCTV5NI$QPJQHH5VGKPJKNDGT (GKPG2CVKPCYKP\5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­HCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ




DORTMUND

1574

4'+%*5/ª0<5666'

&146/70&

&QTVOWPF YWTFG XGTOWVNKEJ  CNU -ÌPKIUJQH KO <WIG FGT HT·PMKUEJGP -QNQPKUCVKQP FGU U·EJUKUEJGP   6GTTKVQTKWOU IGITÒPFGV $KU KP FKG UVCWHKUEJG <GKV JKPGKP JKGNVGP UKEJ JKGT FKG -ÌPKIG HÒT FGP YGUVH·   NKUEJGP 4CWO DGXQT\WIV CWH &CU 4GEJVUYGUGP GTNCPIVG KP &QTVOWPF ITQ­G $GFGWVWPI FC JKGT FCU   MÌPKINKEJG2HCN\IGTKEJVNCIFCUUHÒTHCUVCNNGYGUVH·NKUEJGP5V·FVG\WUV·PFKIYCT+OWPF,CJT JWPFGTVGTJKGNV&QTVOWPF(TGOFWPF(TGKIGTKEJVUDCTMGKV#DDGHCPFUKEJKP&QTVOWPFōFGUJGKNK IGP4GKEJGU-COOGTKP9GUVHCNGPŋ5GKVFGO,JGPVYKEMGNVGUKEJ\WFGOFCU(GTPJ·PFNGTVWOWPF GTNCPIVGITQ­G$GFGWVWPIHÒT&QTVOWPFCNU8GTDKPFWPIURWPMV\YKUEJGPFGP4JGKPIGDKGVGPUQYKG0QTF WPF 1UVUGG #WEJ FGT *CPFGN OKV 'PINCPF WPF (NCPFGTP GPVYKEMGNVG UKEJ WPF UQ IGYCPP &QTVOWPF   'KPHNWUU CWH FKG JCPUKUEJG 2QNKVKM  XGTUWEJVG FGT 'T\DKUEJQH XQP -ÌNP FKG 5VCFV OKV )GYCNV   GKP\WPGJOGPYCUCDGTHGJNUEJNWI 

1VVQ +++  &GPCT  I 1&&1 4': -TGW\ KP FGP 9KPMGNP LG GKPG -WIGN   -TWOOUVCDMTÒOOG  6*'46  /#000 /# NKIKGTV   4 CWH FGP -QRH IGUVGNNV  $GTIJCWU  C   &CPPGPDGTIC 8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­WPFNGKEJVIGYGNNVUGJTUEJÌP



&KG-TÒOOGFGU-TWOOUVCDGUYGKUVFCTCWHJKPFCUUFKGUG/ÒP\GMCWOKP&QTVOWPFUGNDUVUQPFGTPGJGTKPGKPGT DKUEJÌHNKEJGP/ÒP\UV·VVGGPVUVCPFGPUGKPYKTF $GTIJCWU&QTVOWPF5 <WT.GUWPIFGU$WEJUVCDGPUCWHFGT 4ÒEMUGKVGWPF8GTQTVWPIFGU6[RUXIN5VGKPDCEJ5'KP4HÒTGKP7XQTOCEJGP!ªDGTNGIWPIGP\WT5EJTGKD YGKUGXQP$WEJUVCDGPCWH/ÒP\GPFGU,CJTJWPFGTVUKP0WOKUOCVKUEJGU0CEJTKEJVGPDNCVV5

1575



-QPTCF ++  &GPCT  I %104=#&85 4'? TÒEMN·WHKI  -QRH N= %10?4#&85   4=':? TÒEMN·WHKI -TGW\KPFGP9KPMGNPLGGKPG-WIGN$GTIJCWU&CPPGPDGTI  'VYCUFG\GPVTKGTVUGJTUEJÌP



1576



*GKPTKEJ +8  &GPCT  I *'+=04+%?85 4': )GMTÌPVGT -QRH N FCXQT .CP\G   6*46//#0?10=+'?-TGW\KPFGP9KPMGNPLGGKPG-WIGN$GTIJCWU&CPPGPDGTI-NWIG 2T·IGUEJY·EJGCO4CPFUQPUVHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT



1577



&GPCT  I *'+04+%85 4': )GMTÌPVGT -QRH N FCXQT .CP\G 6*46/#010+' -TGW\ KP   FGP9KPMGNPLGGKPG-WIGN$GTIJCWU&CPPGPDGTI-NWIG 8QT\ÒINKEJ

 79


ERFURT

1578

1579

1578

1579



&GPCT  I *'+04=+%85 4?': )GMTÌPVGT -QRH N FCXQT .CP\G 146+   +#01 -TGW\ KP   FGP9KPMGNPLGGKPG-WIGN$GTIJCWU 2T·IGUEJY·EJGCO4CPFUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





#PQP[OWO2HGPPKII)GMTÌPVGU$TWUVDKNFOKV<GRVGTWPF4GKEJUCRHGNVJTQPVXX -QRHFGUJGKNKIGP4GKPQNFWUKP&TGKGEM$GTIJCWU/G[GTD 5GJTUEJÌP



1580

4'+%*5/ª0<5666'

&7+5$74)

7TURTWPIFGTJGWVKIGP5VCFVKUVYQJNGKPKPFGT/KVVGFGU,CJTJWPFGTVUCPFGT*CPFGNUTQWVGFGU*GNN YGIGUIGITÒPFGVGT-ÌPKIUJQH&GT)GUEJKEJVUUEJTGKDGT4GIKPQXQP2TÒODGTKEJVGVHÒTFCU,CJT GTUVOCNUXQPGKPGO0QTOCPPGPÒDGTHCNNCWHFCUQRRKFWO&CFKG7TDCTGFGT#DVGK9GTFGPPKEJVFCVKGTV UKPFJCPFGNVGUUKEJJKGTDGKWOFKGHTÒJGUVGUEJTKHVNKEJG'TY·JPWPIFGU1TVGU7PVGTFGP1VVQPGPYKTF &WKUDWTI \WT -ÌPKIURHCN\ CWUIGDCWV WPF \YKUEJGP  WPF  UKPF YGPKIUVGPU  #WHGPVJCNVG FGU   *GTTUEJGTUPCEJYGKUDCT+PFGTUR·VGP5CNKGT\GKV YQJNWO GTHQNIVGFKG#PNCIGGKPGT5VCFVDG HGUVKIWPIOKV9CNNWPF/CWGT 

-QPTCF ++  &GPCT  I %*8104#&85 +/2 )GMTÌPVGT -QRH X X+P GKPGO   CWUFQRRGNVGP*CNDDÌIGPIGDKNFGVGP-TGW\ &+85 YCCIGTGEJV WPF$84) UGPMTGEJV $GTIJCWU &CPPGPDGTI 'VYCUFG\GPVTKGTVWPFMN4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP



1581

4'+%*5/ª0<5666'

'4(746

+P MCTQNKPIKUEJGT WPF QVVQPKUEJGT <GKV ÒDGTYQI FGT MÌPKINKEJG 'KPHNWUU CWH FKG 5VCFV #NU 'T\DKUEJQH   1VIGTXQP/CKP\  FKG4GNKSWKGPFGU*GKNKIGP5GXGTWUPCEJ'THWTVDTCEJVGYKTFFGT1TVPQEJ CNUNQEWUTGICNKUDG\GKEJPGV4GKEJUXGTUCOONWPIGPUKPFKP'THWTVHÒTFKG,CJTGWPFDGNGIV WPFGKPG-ÌPKIURHCN\ RCNCVKWORWDNKEWO YKTFDGTGKVUGTY·JPVUGNDUVYGPPFGTGPIGPCWG.CIGDKU JGWVGWPIGMN·TVKUV7PMNCTKUVCWEJFGT<GKVRWPMVFGUªDGTICPIUFGTMÌPKINKEJGP4GEJVGKP'THWTVCPFGP /CKP\GT'T\UVWJN9·JTGPFFGT#WUGKPCPFGTUGV\WPIGPOKVFGP9GNHGPPWV\VGPFKG5VCWHGTMCKUGT'THWTV CNU5VÒV\RWPMVHÒTOKNKV·TKUEJG1RGTCVKQPGP7PVGT(TKGFTKEJ+ō$CTDCTQUUCŋ  WPF*GKPTKEJ 8+  TÒEMVGFKG5VCFVUQICTCPFKG5RKV\GFGU-ÌPKIUKVKPGTCTUYCU*QHVCIGWPF(GUVGCPIGJV &GPPQEJ UEJGKVGTVGP 8GTUWEJG  WPF  FKG 4GKEJUHTGKJGKV XQP (TKGFTKEJ ++   \W GT   JCNVGP 

*GKPTKEJ +++  &GPCT  I 54'5#4/#6 )GMTÌPVGT -QRH X X%0&46/   -KTEJGPIGD·WFGOKV\YGK6ÒTOGPWPF6QTFCTKPD·TVKIGT-QRHXX&CPPGPDGTIXCT-NWIGXCT .GKV\OCPPXCT5NI9CNVJGTp 7PGFKGTVGU7PKMWO(GKPG6ÌPWPIUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ $GKFGOXQTNKGIGPFGP'ZGORNCTUKPFFKG7OUEJTKHVGPTGVTQITCFIGRT·IVWPFXÌNNKIXGTYKNFGTV

80




ERFURT

1582



&GPCT  I *='+04+%85 +/2'4#?6 )GMTÌPVGT -QRH X X '=4('5(84?6 TÒEMN·WHKI    -KTEJGPIGD·WFGOKV\YGK6ÒTOGPWPF6QTFCTKPD·TVKIGT-QRHXX&CPPGPDGTIXCT-NWIGXCT .GKV\OCPPXCT5NI9CNVJGTp  4-N4CPFHGJNGTUQPUVCVVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCTOKVJÒDUEJGT2CVKPC



+PFGT.KVGTCVWTYKTFFGTXQTNKGIGPFG6[RGPVYGFGTOKVFGP7OUEJTKHVGPKO7JT\GKIGTUKPP &CPPGPDGTI QFGT TÒEMN·WHKI &CPPGPDGTIC DGUEJTKGDGP$GKFGOXQTNKGIGPFGP'ZGORNCTUEJGKPVLGFQEJFKG8QTFGTUGKVGMQTTGMV CWUIGHÒJTVYQTFGP\WUGKPYQJKPIGIGPFKG4ÒEMUGKVGPNGIGPFGTÒEMN·WHKI\WNGUGPKUV

1583



&GPCT  I = *'+04+%8?5 +/2'4#=6? )GMTÌPVGT -QRH X X= '?4(='5(84?6 -KTEJGPIG   D·WFG OKV \YGK 6ÒTOGP WPF 6QT FCTKP D·TVKIGT -QRH X X &CPPGPDGTI  XCT -NWIG  XCT   .GKV\OCPPXCT5NI9CNVJGTp 45EJTÌVNKPIUTK­HCUVUGJTUEJÌP



$GKFGOXQTNKGIGPFGP'ZGORNCTHGJNGPFKGXQPFGT-TQPGFGU-ÌPKIUUGKVNKEJJGTCDJ·PIGPFGP2GPFKNKGP

1584



&GPCTI)GMTÌPVGTD·TVKIGT-QRHXX-TGW\KPFGP9KPMGNPLGGKPG-WIGN&CPPGPDGTI &G\GPVTKGTVHCUVUGJTUEJÌP

&KG<WYGKUWPIFGUXQTNKGIGPFGP'ZGORNCTUKUVPKEJV\YGKHGNUHTGKIGUKEJGTV



1585



(TKGFTKEJ+$TCMVGCVI(4+&'4+%854':-ÌPKIUKV\VXXOKV.KNKGPWPF-TGW\ \GRVGT CWH GKPGO (CNVUVWJN FGT OKV 6KGTMÌRHGP XGT\KGTV KUV $GTIGT  0CW &KG <GKV FGT 5VCWHGT    5NI$QPJQHH5NI.ÌDDGEMG  8QPITÌ­VGT5GNVGPJGKV-N5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTCO4CPFUQPUVXQT\ÒINKEJ  81


ERFURT

1587 1586





$TCMVGCVI (4+&'4+%85(:-ÌPKIKPOKV$WEJWPF.KNKG\GRVGTWPF-ÌPKIOKV-TGW\UVCDWPF .CP\GUKV\GPPGDGPGKPCPFGTXXFKG-ÌRHGGKPCPFGT\WIGYCPFV$GTIGT0CW &KG<GKVFGT5VCW HGT 5NI.ÌDDGEMG 44(CUVUGJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCV  I (4+&'4+%85 4': $TWUVDKNF FGU -ÌPKIU X X OKV .KNKGP\GRVGT WPF 4GKEJUCRHGN   WPVGT&TGKDQIGPOKV#TEJKVGMVWTN2GTUQPOKVIGUEJWNVGTVGO5EJYGTVT$TWUVDKNFFGT-ÌPKIKP$GTIGT 0CW &KG<GKVFGT5VCWHGT 5NI$QPJQHH5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5NI.ÌDDGEMG 8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV4CPFCWUDTÒEJGUQPUVHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



&C (TKGFTKEJ + $CTDCTQUUC CWH FKGUGO 6[R NGFKINKEJ CNU 4': -ÌPKI  CPIGURTQEJGP YKTF NKGIV FKG 8GTOWVWPI   PCJG FCUU FKG 2T·IWPI XQT FGT-CKUGTMTÌPWPICO,WPKUVCVVHCPF&KGFCTIGUVGNNVG-ÌPKIKPY·TGFGOGPV URTGEJGPFUGKPGGTUVG)GOCJNKP#FGNJGKFXQP8QJDWTI&KGWPINÒEMNKEJGWPFMKPFGTNQUG'JGYWTFGKO/·T\ IGUEJKGFGP'TUVCO,WPKJGKTCVGVG(TKGFTKEJ+$GCVTKZXQP$WTIWPFYGUJCNDOCPFKG2T·IWPIKPFKG,CJTG NGIGPMÌPPVG

1588

/ª0<5666'&'4'4<$+5%*¤('810/#+0< &CU$KUVWO'THWTVGPVUVCPFKO<WIGFGT/KUUKQPKGTWPI6JÒTKPIGPUWPVGT$QPKHCVKWUUGKVFGO,CJTG $QPKHCVKWU YWTFG  FWTEJ 2CRUV )TGIQT +++   \WO 'T\DKUEJQH GTPCPPV &C FGT HT·PMKUEJG   #FGN FCIGIGP RTQVGUVKGTVG WPF 9KFGTUVCPF NGKUVGVG MQPPVG FGT PGWG 'T\DKUEJQH UKEJ \WP·EJUV PKEJV WO   FKG)TÒPFWPIPGWGT$KUVÒOGTMÒOOGTPYGKJVG$QPKHCVKWUUEJNKG­NKEJFTGK$KUEJÌHGGKPGPFCXQP HÒTFGPō1TVYGNEJGT'TRJGUHWTVIGPCPPVYKTFŋ$GUV·VKIVYWTFGFGT$KUEJQHFWTEJFGP2CRUVUEJNKG­ NKEJ CO  #RTKN  0QEJ XQT FGO 6QFG FGU $QPKHCVKWU  YWTFG FCU $KUVWO OKV FGT 'T\FKÌ\GUG   /CKP\ XGTGKPKIV FGT FKGUGT CNU $KUEJQH CD  XQTUVCPF +P FGT (QNIG\GKV YCT FKG )GUEJKEJVG 'THWTVU   IGRT·IVFWTEJFKG/CKP\GT*GTTUEJCHV   #TKDQ  

'TYCTFGT5QJPFGU2HCN\ITCHGP#TKDQXQP$C[GTPWPFUGKPGT(TCW#FGNCGKPGT5EJYGUVGTFGT-CKUGTKP -WPKIWPFG7OIGDQTGPYWTFGGTYCJTUEJGKPNKEJKP5CN\DWTICWUIGDKNFGV<WUCOOGPOKVUGKPGO 8GVVGT FGO UR·VGTGP 'T\DKUEJQH 2KNITKO XQP -ÌNP YKTMVG GT CD  KP FGT *QHMCRGNNG -CKUGT   *GKPTKEJU ++   +O 5GRVGODGT  YWTFG KJO FCU 'T\DKUVWO /CKP\ ÒDGTVTCIGP &GP   MKTEJNKEJGP4GHQTODGYGIWPIGPUGKPGT<GKVUVCPF#TKDQGJGTUMGRVKUEJIGIGPÒDGTWPFXGTVTCVUVCVVFGUUGP GKPGTGKEJURQNKVKUEJG2QUKVKQPFKGUKEJWPVGTFGOGTUVGP5CNKGTMCKUGT-QPTCF++  PQEJYGKVGT XGTHGUVKIVG 'T MTÌPVG KJP CO  5GRVGODGT  KP /CKP\ XGTYGKIGTVG LGFQEJ FKG 5CNDWPI UGKPGT   )GOCJNKP )KUGNC FC GT FGTGP 'JG CWHITWPF \W PCJGT 8GTYCPFVUEJCHVUXGTJ·NVPKUUG HÒT CPHGEJVDCT JKGNV   6TQV\ FKGUGT /GKPWPIUXGTUEJKGFGPJGKV YCT FCU 8GTJ·NVPKU \WO UCNKUEJGP *GTTUEJGTJCWU IWV UQ FCUU   #TKDQ 'T\MCP\NGT HÒT &GWVUEJNCPF WPF +VCNKGP YWTFG 5R·VGT IKPI UGKP 'KPHNWUU KP FGT 4GKEJURQNKVKM   CWHITWPF FGU )CPFGTUJGKOGT 5VTGKVU OKV $KUEJQH )QFGJCTF XQP *KNFGUJGKO \WTÒEM #TKDQ UVCTD CO   #RTKNKP%QOQCWHFGT4ÒEMTGKUGXQPGKPGT2KNIGTHCJTVPCEJ4QO 

82

&GPCT  I #4+$1 #=4%'25? $CTJ·WRVKIGT -QRH T '42*'5(846 -TGW\ KP FGP 9KPMGNP   LGGKPG-WIGN&CPPGPDGTI-NWIG.GKV\OCPP 44'VYCUIGTGKPKIVUGJTUEJÌP




ERFURT

1589

$CTFQXQP1RRGTVUJQHGP   &KG *GTMWPHV $CTFQU KUV WPMNCT 9CJTUEJGKPNKEJ YWTFG GT WO  CNU 5QJP GKPGT (COKNKG CWU FGO   MQPTCFKPKUEJGP5KRRGPDGTGKEJIGDQTGP$CTFQYCT/ÌPEJKP(WNFCDGXQTGTFCU-NQUVGT9GTFGP WPFFCU-NQUVGT*GTUHGNFÒDGTVTCIGPDGMCO#OYWTFGGTXGTOWVNKEJCWHITWPFUGKPGT XGTYCPFVUEJCHVNKEJGP 0·JG \WT -CKUGTKP )KUGNC \WO 'T\DKUEJQH XQP /CKP\ GTJQDGP +O )GIGPUCV\ \W   UGKPGO8QTI·PIGT#TKDQVTCV$CTFQTGKEJURQNKVKUEJYGPKIJGTXQTPCJOGTCPGKPGO(GNF\WI *GKPTKEJU +++   IGIGP $ÌJOGP VGKN $GK (TCIGP FGT-KTEJGPQTICPKUCVKQPYCTGP$CTFQU'PV UEJGKFWPIGPQHVOCNUYQJNOKV*KPDNKEMCWHUGKPG#WUDKNFWPIUVCTMOQPCUVKUEJIGRT·IV#WHFGT/CKP\GT 5[PQFGXQO1MVQDGTCO8QTCDGPFFGU+PXGUVKVWTUVTGKVUDGUEJYQTGTPQEJGKPOCNFKG'KPVTCEJVXQP -CKUGTWPF2CRUV$CTFQUVCTDCOQFGTKP&QTPNQJ 6JÒTKPIGP  

&GPCTI-KTEJGPIGD·WFGNGKPURKGIGNXGTMGJTVGU4WPFTGKPPCEJCW­GPIGMGJTVGT$KUEJQHUUVCD -TGW\ KP FGP 9KPMGNP LG GKPG -WIGN WPF GKP -GKN &CPPGPDGTI  C 5NI $QPJQHH  5VQGUU   )TWRRG+#DD 4'VYCUIGYGNNVHCUVUGJTUEJÌP

1590







1591

&GPCTI-KTEJGPIGD·WFGNGKPURKGIGNXGTMGJTVGU4WPFTGKPPCEJCW­GPIGMGJTVGT$KUEJQHUUVCD -TGW\ KP FGP 9KPMGNP LG GKPG -WIGN WPF GKP -GKN &CPPGPDGTI  C 5NI $QPJQHH  5VQGUU   )TWRRG+#DD 4'VYCUFG\GPVTKGTVHCUVUGJTUEJÌP



&GPCT  I -KTEJGPIGD·WFG N GKP PCEJ CW­GP IGMGJTVGT $KUEJQHUUVCD-TGW\ KP FGP 9KPMGNP LG   GKPG-WIGN&CPPGPDGTIXIN5VQGUU)TWRRG+#DD 45EJÌPpUGJTUEJÌP



&KG7OUEJTKHVGPUKPFDKUCWH1 CWHFGT8QTFGTUGKVGWPNGUGTNKEJ

1592



&GPCT  I -KTEJGPIGD·WFG \W FGP5GKVGP#-TWOOUVCD-TGW\KPFGP9KPMGNPLGGKPG-WIGN &CPPGPDGTIp5VQGUU)TWRRG++#DD 4.GKEJVIGYGNNVUGJTUEJÌP



1593



&GPCT  I -KTEJGPIGD·WFG \W FGP5GKVGP#-TWOOUVCD-TGW\KPFGP9KPMGNPLGGKPG-WIGN &CPPGPDGTIp5VQGUU)TWRRG++#DD#PO  8CTKCPVGQJPG3WGTUVTKEJKO#445EJÌPpUGJTUEJÌP



1594



.WKVRQNFXQP$QIGP &GPCT  I -KTEJGPIGD·WFG OKV \YGK 6ÒTOGP WPF 6QT FCTKP D·TVKIGT -QRH X X-TGW\ KP FGP   9KPMGNPLGGKPG-WIGN&CPPGPDGTI5NI9CNVJGT 445EJÌPpUGJTUEJÌP

 83


ERFURT

1595

1595

1596

1596

5KGIHTKGFXQP'RRUVGKP





&CU )GDWTVULCJT FGU CWU FGO OKVVGNTJGKPKUEJHT·PMKUEJGP #FGNUIGUEJNGEJV FGT 4GIKPDQFQPGP UVCOOGP   FGP5KGIHTKGFKUVPKEJVDGMCPPV'T\QIGPYWTFGGTKO-NQUVGT(WNFCFGOGTUGKVCWEJCNU#DVXQT UVCPF #WH (ÒTURTCEJG FGT -CKUGTKP #IPGU YWTFG GT CO  \WO /CKP\GT 'T\DKUEJQH GTPCPPV    PCJO 5KGIHTKGF \WUCOOGP OKV CPFGTGP $KUEJÌHGP FGU 4GKEJGU CP GKPGT 2KNIGTTGKUG PCEJ   ,GTWUCNGO VGKN +P FGP )GDKTIUUEJNWEJVGP 2CN·UVKPCU YWTFG FKG )GUGNNUEJCHV ÒDGTHCNNGP WPF CWUIGTCWDV   YQDGK2KNIGTFGP6QFIGHWPFGPJCDGPUQNNGP/GJTHCEJXGTUWEJVG5KGIHTKGFCWUGKIGPGO#PVTKGD UGKP#OVPKGFGT\WNGIGPWOUVCVVFGUUGPYKGFGTCNU/ÌPEJ\WNGDGP5QKO,CJTGCNUGTWPVGTFGO 8QTYCPFGKPG2KNIGTTGKUGPCEJ5CPVKCIQFG%QORQUVGNNCWPVGTPGJOGP\WYQNNGPJGKONKEJ\W#DV*WIQ XQP %NWP[ TGKUVG +O +PXGUVKVWTUVTGKV UVCPF GT \WP·EJUV CWHFGT5GKVG-ÌPKI*GKPTKEJU+8   DGXQT GT UKEJ PCEJ FGO $CPPURTWEJ 2CRUV )TGIQTU 8+++   XQP KJO CDYCPFVG WPF UQYQJN   4WFQNH XQP 4JGKPHGNFGP   CNU CWEJ *GTOCPP XQP 5CNO   \W )GIGPMÌPKIGP FGU   5CNKGTU UCNDVG &KG MÌPKIUVTGWGP /CKP\GT $ÒTIGT XGTVTKGDGP KJP FGUJCND  CWU FGT 5VCFV WPF DKU \W   UGKPGO6QFCOVTCVGTRQNKVKUEJPKEJVOGJTKP'TUEJGKPWPI 

&GPCTI<YGKVÒTOKIGU-KTEJGPIGD·WFGKO2QTVCNGKP/-TGW\KPFGP9KPMGNPLGGKPG-WIGN &CPPGPDGTI 44(CUVUGJTUEJÌP #FCNDGTV+XQP5CCTDTÒEMGP







&GT5QJPFGU)TCHGP5KGIDGTVXQP5CCTDTÒEMGPUEJGKPV/KVINKGFFGT4GDGNNKQP*GKPTKEJU8   IGIGP UGKPGP 8CVGT *GKPTKEJ +8   IGYGUGP \W UGKP DGXQT GT CO  GTUVOCNU CNU   -CP\NGTIGPCPPVYKTF*GKPTKEJ8GTPCPPVGKJP\WO'T\DKUEJQHXQP/CKP\WPF#FCNDGTVDGINGKVGVGFGP *GTTUEJGT \WT -CKUGTMTÌPWPI KP 4QO DGXQT GT CO  KP /CKP\ KPXGUVKGTV YWTFG +O 5QOOGT   MCOGU\WGKPGOÒDGTTCUEJGPFGP$TWEJ\YKUEJGP-CKUGTWPF'T\DKUEJQHCWUIGNÌUVFWTEJ5VTGKVKI MGKVGP KP VGTTKVQTKCNGP (TCIGP #FCNDGTV YWTFG IGHCPIGP IGPQOOGP WPF GTUV PCEJ FGT 0KGFGTNCIG FGU   -CKUGTU CO 9GNHGUJQN\  YKGFGTHTGKIGNCUUGP+PFGPHQNIGPFGP,CJTGPUVCPF#FCNDGTVUVGVUCWHFGT 5GKVG FGT 5CNKGTIGIPGT WPF DGYKTMVG PCEJ FGO 6QF *GKPTKEJU 8 FKG 9CJN FGU 5CEJUGPJGT\QIU .QVJCT   +++ XQP 5WRRNKPDWTI CO  KP /CKP\ \W FGUUGP 0CEJHQNIGT #FCNDGTV UVCTD CO  WPF   YWTFGKPFGT)QVVJCTFMCRGNNGDGKO/CKP\GT&QODGKIGUGV\V 

&GPCT  I $TWUVDKNF FGU 'T\DKUEJQHU X X OKV -TWOO WPF .KNKGPUVCD<YGKVÒTOKIGU -KTEJGPIG   D·WFGKO2QTVCNGKP/&CPPGPDGTI 445EJÌPpUGJTUEJÌP



+PFGT7OUEJTKHVFGT8QTFGTUGKVGKUVPQEJFCU&XQP #&'.$'4685\WGTMGPPGP*&CPPGPDGTIXGTOWVGVGFCU /KO2QTVCNMÌPPVGUKEJCWHFGP*GKNKIGP/CTVKPDG\KGJGPUQHGTPFKGU<GKEJGPÒDGTJCWRVGKPGP$WEJUVCDGPFCT UVGNNV $F++5 

1597 2:1



$TCMVGCV  I /#46+085 #&'.$'4685 $TWUVDKNF FGU 'T\DKUEJQHU OKV -TWOOUVCD X X N   GKP'PIGNFGTOKVFGT4GEJVGPFKG$TWUVFGU'T\DKUEJQHUDGTÒJTV$GTIGT  8QPITÌ­VGT5GNVGPJGKV-N4CPFHGJNGTWPFYKP\.QEJ UQPUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCTOKVJÒDUEJGT2CVKPC  &GTXQTNKGIGPFG6[RYGKUVGKPGJQEJKPVGTGUUCPVG2T·IGVGEJPKMCWH9·JTGPFFCU/ÒP\DKNFGTJCDGPGTUEJGKPVKUVFKG 7OUEJTKHV XGTVKGHV WPF FCOKV TÒEMUGKVKI NGUDCT IGRT·IV YQTFGP /CP JCV CNUQ OKV 'THQNI XGTUWEJV OKV PWT GKPGO   5VGORGNGKPG\YGKUGKVKIG/ÒP\GJGT\WUVGNNGP

84


ERFURT

1599

1598

1600



$TCMVGCVI'T\DKUEJQHOKV$WEJWPF-TWOOUVCDUKV\VXXNKO(GNF-TGW\WPF4KPIGN$GTIGT 5NI$QPJQHH5NI9CNVJGT 8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV(GKPG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP



$WEJGPCWWPF$GTIGTNGIGPFKGUGP6[RPCEJ'THWTVCNU2T·IGUV·VVGFGT/CKP\GT'T\DKUEJÌHGYQJKPIGIGP)CGVVGPU GKPG 2T·IWPI KP /GTUGDWTI XGTOWVGVG #WHITWPF FGT &CTUVGNNWPI FGU &QRRGNDQIGPU CWH FGO FGT $KUEJQH UKV\V   MQOOVCWEJ/GKUUGPCNU/ÒP\UV·VVGKP(TCIGFCGKP·JPNKEJGU/ÒP\DKNFCWEJWPVGTFGP/CTMITCHGP WC&KGVTKEJ FGT$GFT·PIVG GTUEJGKPV

*GKPTKEJ+XQP*CTDWTI





*GKPTKEJ GPVUVCOOVG YCJTUEJGKPNKEJ FGT (COKNKG FGT )TCHGP XQP 9CTVDWTI 6JÒTKPIGP  7PVGT FGO   'T\DKUEJÌHGP #FCNDGTV + XQP 5CCTDTÒEMGP   WPF #FCNDGTV ++ XQP 5CCTDTÒEMGP     UVKGI*GKPTKEJKPFGT-KTEJGPJKGTCTEJKGCWHDGXQTGTCOUGNDUVXQP-CKUGT-QPTCF+++   CNU1DGTJCWRVFGT/CKP\GT-KTEJGKPXGUVKGTVYWTFG*GKPTKEJYCTYQJNCWHITWPFUGKPGT#DUVCO OWPIDGUVTGDVFGP/CKP\GT-KTEJGPDGUKV\KOVJÒTKPIKUEJGP4CWOCWU\WDCWGP&CGTPKEJVFGT#WHHQT FGTWPI \WO $GUWEJ FGT 5[PQFG XQP 4GKOU  PCEJMCO GPVDCPF KJP 2CRUV 'WIGP +++     MWT\HTKUVKI XQP UGKPGO #OV #NU UKEJ *GKPTKEJ UEJNKG­NKEJ  KP FGP -ÌPKIUYCJNXGTJCPFNWPIGP CP   UVGNNG XQP (TKGFTKEJ + ō$CTDCTQUUCŋ HÒT -QPTCFU +++ WPOÒPFKIGP 5QJP GKPUGV\VG YWTFG GT XQP FGO   PGWGP *GTTUEJGT CP 2HKPIUVGP  FWTEJ #TPQNF XQP 5GGNGPJQHGP GTUGV\V *GKPTKEJ \QI UKEJ PCEJ   'KPDGEM\WTÒEMYQGTCOXGTUVCTD 



&ÒPPRHGPPKI  I -TGW\ KP FGP 9KPMGNP 4KPIGN  -TGW\  *CMGPMTGW\  -TGW\$TWUVDKNF FGU   'T\DKUEJQHUOKVCWHIGUEJNCIGPGO$WEJWPF-TWOOUVCD CWHFGOXQTNKGIGPFGP'ZGORNCTPKEJV\WGTMGP PGP $WEJGPCW(FXQP)QVJCp 44*KPVGTMNGDVGT4CPFCWUDTWEJUEJÌP



$TCMVGCVI'42'5(14&+$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/CTVKPXXOKV-TWOOUVCDWPF$WEJJKPVGT /CWGTDQIGPOKV\YGK<KPPGPVÒTOGPWPFXKGT<KPPGPFCTWPVGTFGT'T\DKUEJQHTOKVGTJQDGPGP*·PFGP N6WTOTFGT0COG*'y4%$GTIGT0CW &KG<GKVFGT5VCWHGT 5NI$QPJQHH5NI *QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5NI9CNVJGT *KPVGTMNGDVGT4CPFCWUDTWEJXQT\ÒINKEJ



1601





1602

$TCMVGCVI'42'5(14&+$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/CTVKPXXOKV-TWOOUVCDWPF$WEJJKPVGT /CWGTDQIGPOKV\YGK<KPPGPVÒTOGPWPFXKGT<KPPGPFCTWPVGTFGT'T\DKUEJQHTOKVGTJQDGPGP*·PFGP N6WTOTFGT0COG*'y4%$GTIGT0CW &KG<GKVFGT5VCWHGT 5NI$QPJQHH5NI *QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5NI9CNVJGT *CNDKGTVUGJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCVI'42'5(14&+$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/CTVKPXXOKV-TWOOUVCDWPF$WEJJKPVGT /CWGTDQIGPOKV\YGK<KPPGPVÒTOGPWPFXKGT<KPPGPFCTWPVGTFGT'T\DKUEJQHTOKVGTJQDGPGP*·PFGP N 6WTO T FGT 0COG *'y4% $GTIGT  5NI $QPJQHH  5NI *QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV  5NI   .ÌDDGEMG 5GNVGPG8CTKCPVGOKV4KPIGNWPF2WPMVWPVGTFGO$WEJFGU*GKNKIGP 8QT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCTOKVJGTTNKEJGT2CVKPC

 85


ERFURT

1603



$TCMVGCVI'42'5(14&+$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/CTVKPXXOKV-TWOOUVCDWPF$WEJJKPVGT /CWGTDQIGPOKV\YGK<KPPGPVÒTOGPWPFXKGT<KPPGPNKO(GNF5VGTPT.KNKGFCTWPVGTFGT'T\DKUEJQH TOKVGTJQDGPGP*·PFGPN*CMGPMTGW\WPF6CWDGTFGT0COG*'y4%$GTIGT0CW &KG<GKV FGT5VCWHGT 5NI$QPJQHH5NI.ÌDDGEMG5NI9CNVJGT 8QT\ÒINKEJ

1604

1605



1606



$TCMVGCVI'42'5(14&+$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/CTVKPXXOKV-TWOOUVCDWPF$WEJJKPVGT /CWGTDQIGPOKV\YGK<KPPGPVÒTOGPWPFXKGT<KPPGPNKO(GNF5VGTPT.KNKGFCTWPVGTFGT'T\DKUEJQH TOKVGTJQDGPGP*·PFGPN*CMGPMTGW\WPF6CWDGTFGT0COG*'y4%$GTIGT0CW &KG<GKV FGT5VCWHGT 5NI$QPJQHH5NI.ÌDDGEMG5NI9CNVJGT  *KPVGTMNGDVG4CPFCWUDTÒEJGUGJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCV  I $TWUVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP /CTVKP X X OKV -TWOOUVCD WPF $WEJ JKPVGT /CWGTDQIGP   \YKUEJGP\YGK<KPPGPVÒTOGP\WFGP5GKVGP'22'5(14&+WPVGPFGT'T\DKUEJQHTOKVGTJQDGPGP *·PFGPFCTÒDGT*'y4%N6WTO$GTIGT0CW &KG<GKVFGT5VCWHGT 5NI$QPJQHH 5NI.ÌDDGEMG #VVTCMVKXGUHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT





$TCMVGCV  I $TWUVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP /CTVKP X X OKV -TWOOUVCD WPF $WEJ JKPVGT /CWGTDQIGP   \YKUEJGP\YGK<KPPGPVÒTOGP\WFGP5GKVGP'22'5(14&+WPVGPFGT'T\DKUEJQHTOKVGTJQDGPGP *·PFGPFCTÒDGT*'y4%N6WTO$GTIGT0CW &KG<GKVFGT5VCWHGT 5NI$QPJQHH 5NI.ÌDDGEMG &G\GPVTKGTVG2T·IWPIWPFMN4CPFCDDTÒEJGHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



1607



86

$TCMVGCV  I *'+04+%* '42'5(14&+ $TWUVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP /CTVKP X X OKV -TWOOUVCD WPF   -TGW\UVCD JKPVGT /CWGTDQIGP OKV \YGK <KPPGPVÒTOGP FCTWPVGT FGT 'T\DKUEJQH T OKV GTJQDGPGP   *·PFGP N 6WTO T 5VGTP $GTIGT  0CW &KG <GKV FGT 5VCWHGT   5NI $QPJQHH    5NI.ÌDDGEMG5NI9CNVJGT #VVTCMVKXG2CVKPCOKP4CPFCDDTÒEJGHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ




ERFURT

1608





1609

$TCMVGCV  I *'+04+%* '42'5(14&+ $TWUVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP /CTVKP X X OKV -TWOOUVCD WPF   -TGW\UVCD JKPVGT /CWGTDQIGP OKV \YGK <KPPGPVÒTOGP FCTWPVGT FGT 'T\DKUEJQH T OKV GTJQDGPGP   *·PFGP N 6WTO T 5VGTP $GTIGT  0CW &KG <GKV FGT 5VCWHGT   5NI $QPJQHH    5NI.ÌDDGEMG5NI9CNVJGT -N4CPFCDDTÒEJGUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



$TCMVGCV  I *'+04+%* '42'5(14&+ $TWUVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP /CTVKP X X OKV -TWOOUVCD WPF   -TGW\UVCD JKPVGT /CWGTDQIGP OKV \YGK <KPPGPVÒTOGP FCTWPVGT FGT 'T\DKUEJQH T OKV GTJQDGPGP   *·PFGP N 6WTO T 5VGTP $GTIGT  0CW &KG <GKV FGT 5VCWHGT   5NI $QPJQHH    5NI.ÌDDGEMG5NI9CNVJGT  -N2T·IGUEJY·EJGCO4CPFUQPUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCTOKVJÒDUEJGT2CVKPC



1610





1611

$TCMVGCV  I *'+04+%* '42'5(14&+ $TWUVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP /CTVKP X X OKV -TWOOUVCD WPF   -TGW\UVCD JKPVGT /CWGTDQIGP OKV \YGK <KPPGPVÒTOGP FCTWPVGT FGT 'T\DKUEJQH T OKV GTJQDGPGP   *·PFGP N 6WTO T 5VGTP $GTIGT  0CW &KG <GKV FGT 5VCWHGT   5NI $QPJQHH    5NI.ÌDDGEMG5NI9CNVJGT *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCYKP\4CPFCDDTÒEJGUGJTUEJÌP $TCMVGCV  I *'+04+%* '42'5(14&+ $TWUVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP /CTVKP X X OKV -TWOOUVCD WPF   -TGW\UVCD JKPVGT /CWGTDQIGP OKV \YGK <KPPGPVÒTOGP FCTWPVGT FGT 'T\DKUEJQH T OKV GTJQDGPGP   *·PFGP N 6WTO T 5VGTP $GTIGT  0CW &KG <GKV FGT 5VCWHGT   5NI $QPJQHH    5NI.ÌDDGEMG5NI9CNVJGT 4CPFCWUDTÒEJGUGJTUEJÌP





1612



$TCMVGCV  I *'+04+%* '42'5 $TWUVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP /CTVKP X X OKV -TWOO WPF -TGW\UVCD   ÒDGT$TWUVDKNFFGU'T\DKUEJQHUTOKVGTJQDGPGP*·PFGP\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP6WTOKO(GNFT5VGTP 5NI$QPJQHH5NI.ÌDDGEMG5NI9CNVJGT444CPFCWUDTÒEJGUQPUVUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

 87


ERFURT

1613

#TPQNFXQP5GGNGPJQHGP

1614





9QJN \YKUEJGP  WPF  IGDQTGP GPVUVCOOVG #TPQNF GKPGT /CKP\GT /KPKUVGTKCNGPHCOKNKG    YCTGT-NGTKMGTFGU/CKP\GT&QOUVKHVUWPFYWTFG\WO.GKVGTFGT*QHMCRGNNG-QPTCFU+++   GTPCPPV'TWPVGTJKGNVIWVG$G\KGJWPIGP\WOUVCWHKUEJGP*QHWPVGTUVÒV\VGCDGTFGPPQEJFKG2QNK VKM FGT /CKP\GT 'T\DKUEJÌHG +O *GTDUV  YWTFG GT \WO 4GKEJUMCP\NGT GTPCPPV WPF IGYCPP FCU   8GTVTCWGP-CKUGT(TKGFTKEJU+ō$CTDCTQUUCŋKO4GIKGTWPIUYGEJUGNXQP0CEJFGUUGP<GTYÒTHPKU OKV *GKPTKEJ + XQP *CTDWTI   WPF FGT GT\YWPIGPGP #DFCPMWPI YWTFG #TPQNF CO   XQPFGPR·RUVNKEJGP.GICVGP\WOPGWGP/CKP\GT'T\DKUEJQHIGYGKJV1DYQJNGTCO\YGKVGP +VCNKGP\WIVGKNPGJOGPOWUUVGMCPP#TPQNFUR·VGUVGPUUGKVPKEJVOGJTWPDGFKPIVCNU5VCWHGTCPJ·P IGT DG\GKEJPGV YGTFGP <W FGO IGIGPUGKVKIGP /KUUVTCWGP YCT GU IGMQOOGP CNU FGT $CTDCTQUUC   )GIGPURKGNGT2CRUV*CFTKCP+8  FGO-KTEJGPOCPPWOHCPITGKEJG2TKXKNGIKGPIGY·JTVJCVVG  MCO GU KP /CKP\ \W GKPGT 4GDGNNKQP CNU 4GCMVKQP CWH 5VGWGTHQTFGTWPIGP FGU 'T\DKUEJQHU \WT   (KPCP\KGTWPI FGT MCKUGTNKEJGP (GNF\ÒIG 'U IGNCPI #TPQNF PKEJV FGT .CIG *GTT \W YGTFGP WPF CO    YWTFGP GT WPF UGKP $TWFGT &WFQ XQP FGP #WHUV·PFKUEJGP GTOQTFGV $GUVCVVGV KUV GT KP FGT   -KTEJG5V/CTKCCFITCVWUKP/CKP\ 

$TCMVGCV  I #401.&85 #4*'+2+5% $TWUVDKNF FGU 'T\DKUEJQHU X X OKV -TWOO WPF   -TGW\UVCD5NI$QPJQHH FKGU'ZGORNCT  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV4CPFCWUIGDTQEJGPUGJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCVI= #401.&85#4%?*+'2+5%1285$TWUVDKNFFGU'T\DKUEJQHUXXOKV-TWOOUVCD WPF 2CNO\YGKI WPVGT /CWGTDQIGP OKV \YGK <KPPGP WPF GKPGO -WRRGNVWTO FCTÒDGT N 4KPIGN WPF T   5VGTP5NI$QPJQHH5NI.ÌDDGEMG 44*CNDKGTVGU'ZGORNCTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



1615





88

1616

$TCMVGCVI #401.&85=#4%*+'?2+=5%12?85$TWUVDKNFFGU'T\DKUEJQHUXXOKV-TWOO UVCDWPF2CNO\YGKIWPVGT/CWGTDQIGPOKV\YGK<KPPGPWPFGKPGO-WRRGNVWTOFCTÒDGTN4KPIGNWPFT 5VGTP5NI$QPJQHH FKGU'ZGORNCT 5NI.ÌDDGEMG 44#WUIGDTQEJGPUGJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCV  I #401.&85 #4*'+2+5% $TWUVDKNF FGU 'T\DKUEJQHU X X OKV -TWOOUVCD WPF   CWHIGUEJNCIGPGO $WEJ N 6WTO $GTIGT  0CW &KG <GKV FGT 5VCWHGT   5NI $QPJQHH    5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5NI.ÌDDGEMG5NI9CNVJGT  444CPFCWUIGDTQEJGPUQPUVHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ




ERFURT

1617

-QPTCFXQP9KVVGNUDCEJWPF





-QPTCF \·JNVG \WFGPDGFGWVGPFUVGP4GKEJUWPF-KTEJGPRQNKVKMGTPFGT5VCWHGT\GKV'TYWTFGYQJNWO CNUFTKVV·NVGUVGT5QJPFGUDC[GTKUEJGP2HCN\ITCHGP1VVQ+8XQP9KVVGNUDCEJIGDQTGPWPFDGUWEJVG FKG 5CN\DWTIGT &QOUEJWNG 0CEJ 5VWFKGP KP 2CTKU WPF $QNQIPC YWTFG GT &QOJGTT \WP·EJUV XQP 5CN\   DWTI UR·VGT XQP #WIUDWTI 0CEJ FGT 'TOQTFWPI FGU /CKP\GT 'T\DKUEJQHU #TPQNF XQP 5GGNGPJQHGP  

 MCOGU\WGKPGT&QRRGNYCJNOKVFGP-CPFKFCVGP4WFQNHXQP<·JTKPIGPWPF%JTKUVKCPXQP $WEJ -CKUGT (TKGFTKEJ + ō$CTDCTQUUCŋ   GPVUEJKGF CWH FGT 5[PQFG XQP .QFK UVCVVFGUUGP   -QPTCFXQP9KVVGNUDCEJ\WO'T\DKUEJQH\WGTJGDGP+O5GRVGODGTFGU,CJTGUHKGN-QPTCFLGFQEJ DGKO-CKUGTKP7PIPCFGFCGTHÒT2CRUV#NGZCPFGT+++  2CTVGKGTITKHHWPFYWTFGCWHFGO 4GKEJUVCI\W9QTOUHÒTCDIGUGV\VGTMN·TV#PUGKPGT5VGNNGYWTFG%JTKUVKCPXQP$WEJ  GKP IGUGV\V WPF -QPTCF DGICD UKEJ \WO 2CRUV PCEJ 4QO &KGUGT GTPCPPVG KJP \WO -CTFKPCNRTKGUVGT XQP   5/CTEGNNQ\WO-CTFKPCNDKUEJQHXQP5KGPCWPFņKP#DYGUGPJGKVņ\WOTGEJVO·­KIGP'T\DKUEJQHXQP /CKP\+PFKGUGT<GKVXGTDCPF-QPTCFCWEJGKPGGPIG(TGWPFUEJCHVOKVFGO'T\DKUEJQHXQP%CPVGTDWT[ 6JQOCU $GEMGV   0CEJ FGO 6QF %JTKUVKCPU XQP $WEJ MQPPVG GT  PCEJ /CKP\ \WTÒEM   MGJTGPWPFJKGNVHQTVCPFKG6TGWG\W-CKUGT(TKGFTKEJ+WPF*GKPTKEJ8+  -QPTCFDGVGKNKIVG UKEJOKVGKPGOGKIGPGP-QPVKPIGPVCO&TKVVGP-TGW\\WI  WPFÒDGTNKG­FCU'T\DKUVWOY·J TGPF UGKPGT #DYGUGPJGKV FGO *CXGNDGTIGT $KUEJQH *GNODGTV 'T UVCTD CO  KP 4KGFHGNF DGK   0GWUVCFVCPFGT#KUEJCWHFGO4ÒEMYGIXQPGKPGO-TGW\\WIKP7PICTPWPFYWTFGKO/CKP\GT&QO DGUVCVVGV  

-QPTCFXQP9KVVGNUDCEJ\WOGTUVGP/CN $TCMVGCVI %804#&85'2+5%5'T\DKUEJQHVJTQPVXXOKV-TWOOUVCDWPF.KNKGP\GRVGTCWH (CNVUVWJNFGTOKV6KGTMÌRHGPXGT\KGTVKUVWPVGT$QIGPOKVFTGK6ÒTOGP$GTIGT0CW &KG<GKVFGT 5VCWHGT 5NI$QPJQHH5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5NI.ÌDDGEMG5NI9CNVJGT  448QT\ÒINKEJGU2TCEJVGZGORNCTOKVHGKPGT2CVKPC



1618



$TCMVGCVI %804#&85'2+5%5'T\DKUEJQHVJTQPVXXOKV-TWOOUVCDWPF.KNKGP\GRVGTCWH (CNVUVWJNFGTOKV6KGTMÌRHGPXGT\KGTVKUVWPVGT$QIGPOKVFTGK6ÒTOGP$GTIGT0CW &KG<GKVFGT 5VCWHGT 5NI$QPJQHH5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5NI.ÌDDGEMG5NI9CNVJGT  445GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

 89


ERFURT

1619

%JTKUVKCPXQP$WEJ





9QJN WO  IGDQTGP GPVUVCOOVG %JTKUVKCP FGP VJÒTKPIKUEJGP )TCHGPIGUEJNGEJVGTP $WEJ WPF   $GKEJNKPIGP 5GKPG MKTEJNKEJG .CWHDCJP XGTFCPMVG GT FGT ITQ­\ÒIKIGP (ÌTFGTWPI FWTEJ FGP 6JÒTKPIGT   .CPFITCHGP.WFYKI++ōFGT'KUGTPGŋ  GTUEJGKPV%JTKUVKCPCNU/CKP\GT&QORTQDUVWPF YKTFKO*GTDUVFGU,CJTGUCNU0CEJHQNIGT4CKPCNFUXQP&CUUGN  \WO4GKEJUMCP\NGTGTPCPPV /KV FGO  +VCNKGP\WI -CKUGT (TKGFTKEJU + ō$CTDCTQUUCŋ   XQP  DGIKPPV %JTKUVKCPU   #WHUVKGIKPFGT4GKEJURQNKVKM+P+VCNKGPYWTFGGTCNU4GKEJUNGICVWPFMCKUGTNKEJGT5VCVVJCNVGTXQP1DGT WPF /KVVGNKVCNKGP V·VKI DGXQT GT CNU 0CEJHQNIGT FGU CDIGUGV\VGP /CKP\GT 'T\DKUEJQHU -QPTCF XQP   9KVVGNUDCEJ  KPU 4GKEJ \WTÒEMIGTWHGP YKTF +P FGT (QNIG\GKV KUV %JTKUVKCP XQP $WEJ J·WHKI KPFGT 0·JG FGU -CKUGTU \W HKPFGP 5Q GVYC CWH FGO  +VCNKGP\WI DGK FGO GT CWEJ UGKPG OKNKV·TKUEJGP   (·JKIMGKVGP WPVGT $GYGKU UVGNNVG WPF KO 5QOOGT  XQP FGT 5GWEJG XGTUEJQPV DNKGD FKG GKPGP   )TQ­VGKNFGUMCKUGTNKEJGP*GGTGUFCU.GDGPMQUVGVG'TVTCVYKGFGTJQNVCNU8GTOKVVNGT\WO$GKURKGNOKV *GKPTKEJFGO.ÌYGPQFGTFGP-ÌPKIGPXQP(TCPMTGKEJWPF'PINCPFUQYKGFGO2CRUVCWH#WHUGKPGP 8QTUEJNCI JKP YWTFG FGT LWPIG *GKPTKEJ 8+  CWH FGO $CODGTIGT (ÒTUVGPVCI  \WO FGWVUEJGP   -ÌPKIWPF0CEJHQNIGT(TKGFTKEJU+IGY·JNV%JTKUVKCPXQP$WEJUVCTDCODGKFGT$GNCIGTWPI XQP6WUEWNWOKP+VCNKGPCPGKPGO(KGDGTYQTCWHFGT2CRUVHÒTCNNGFGWVUEJGP5VKHVUMKTEJGPGKPG6TCWGT XQP6CIGPCPQTFPGVG 

$TCMVGCV  I 5 /#46+085 %4+56#085 #4%2% 0 $TWUVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP /CTVKP X X OKV   UGIPGPFGT4GEJVGPWPFCWHIGUEJNCIGPGO$WEJÒDGT$QIGPFCTWPVGT'T\DKUEJQHNOKV-TWOOUVCDFKG 4GEJVGCWHGKP.GUGRWNVOKV$WEJIGNGIV\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP6WTO$GTIGT  44-N(GJNUVGNNGPVGKNYGKUGJKPVGTMNGDVUQPUVUGJTCVVTCMVKXGUXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT 

1620





90

1621

$TCMVGCV  I =/#)80%+' &1/+0 %4+ #0%2%4? &GT JGKNKIG/CTVKPUKV\VXXOKVUGIPGPFGT 4GEJVGPWPF-TWOOUVCDCWH$QIGPFCTCWH5#%+\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP<KPPGPVWTO(FXQP)QVJC 8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV'VYCUIGMPKVVGTVUEJÌPpUGJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCV (·NUEJWPI XQP 0KEQNCWU 5GGN·PFGT  I 5%5 /#46+085  /1)80%+' &1/+085   &GTJGKNKIG/CTVKP\YKUEJGP$GVVNGTWPF)GKUVNKEJGOKP&TGKRC­ÒDGT$QIGPFCTCWH%4+ #0 '2%12  FCTWPVGT $TWUVDKNF FGU 'T\DKUEJQHU X X OKV -TGW\UVCD WPF CWHIGUEJNCIGPGO $WEJ 2QUGTP-NGVV    0KEQNCK 5GGN·PFGTU <GJGP 5EJTKHVGP XQP 6GWVUEJGP /ÒPV\GP /KVNGTGT<GKVGP*CPPQXGT#DJCPF NWPI FGT 'TV\$KUEJQHHNKEJ%JWT(ÒTUVNKEJ /C[PV\KUEJGP $TCEVGCVGP 2CIKPC  6CDWNC + $TCEVGCVQT   /QIWPVKPQTWO0T 5GJTUEJÌP




ERFURT

1622



-QPTCFXQP9KVVGNUDCEJ\WO\YGKVGP/CN $TCMVGCV  I &GT JGKNKIG /CTVKP UKV\V X X OKV .KNKGP\GRVGT WPF -TWOOUVCD CWH $QIGP \W FGP   5GKVGPLG\YGK6ÒTOG(FXQP)QVJC 8QPITÌ­VGT5GNVGPJGKV9QJNDGMCPPVGU'ZGORNCT 8QT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCTOKVJÒDUEJGT2CVKPC 

1623



$TCMVGCVI%804#&85'2+5%1285&GT'T\DKUEJQHUKV\VXXOKV-TGW\UVCDWPFUGIPGPFGT 4GEJVGPCWH(CNVUVWJNFGTOKV6KGTMÌRHGPXGT\KGTVKUVKP#TEJKVGMVWTTCJOGP$GTIGTp5NI$QPJQHHp 5NI9CNVJGTp 448QT\ÒINKEJGUIWVCWUIGRT·IVGUWPFKPVCMVGU'ZGORNCT 

1624



$TCMVGCVI808+80180#281018&'T\DKUEJQHUKV\VXXOKV-TGW\UVCDWPFCWHIGUEJNCIG PGO $WEJ CWH GKPGO (CNVUVWJN FGT OKV 6KGTMÌRHGP XGT\KGTV KUV KP FTGKDQIKIGT 'KPHCUUWPI OKV FTGK   6ÒTOGP(FXQP5GGIC 8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV.GKEJVG-PKEMURWTUQPUVUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ  91


ERFURT

1625



$TCMVGCV  I %804#%85  '2+5%1285 'T\DKUEJQH VJTQPV X X OKV UGIPGPFGT 4GEJVGP WPF   -TGW\UVCD CWH GKPGO (CNVUVWJN FGT OKV 6KGTMÌRHGP XGT\KGTV KUV WPVGT &TGKDQIGP FCTÒDGT WPF \W FGP   5GKVGP#TEJKVGMVWTFCTUVGNNWPIGP(FXQP5GGIC 8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV8QT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT 

1626





1627

$TCMVGCV  I '2+5%1285 %804#&85 +0 '4(84&+# 'T\DKUEJQH UKV\V X X OKV -TWOOUVCD   WPFCWHIGUEJNCIGPGO$WEJCWH$QIGP\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP6WTO(FXQP5GGIC OKVURKGIGNXGT MGJTVGO&KPFGT7OUEJTKHV 5NI$QPJQHH5NI.ÌDDGEMG  4.GKEJVG-PKEMURWTGPUQPUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT



$TCMVGCV  I '2+5%1285 %804#&85 +0 '4(84&+# 'T\DKUEJQH UKV\V X X OKV -TWOOUVCD   WPFCWHIGUEJNCIGPGO$WEJCWH$QIGP\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP6WTO(FXQP5GGIC OKVPQTOCNGO& KPFGT7OUEJTKHV 5NI$QPJQHH5NI.ÌDDGEMG 45GJTUEJÌP



*$WEJGPCWGTDNKEMVGKPFGOFGWVNKEJCWHFGT$TWUVFGU'T\DKUEJQHU\WGTMGPPGPFGP-TGW\GKPGP*KPYGKUCWHFCU CO&G\GODGTKP)GNPJCWUGPIGIGDGPG8GTURTGEJGP\WT6GKNPCJOGCPGKPGO-TGW\\WI (FXQP5GGIC0T  5R    DTCEJ -QPTCF CP FGT 5RKV\G FGT 8QTJWV *GKPTKEJU 8+   XQP #RWNKGP CWU \WO   &TKVVGP-TGW\\WIUCWH'TMGJTVGGTUVPCEJFGTXGTJ·PIPKUXQNNGP&QRRGNYCJNXQPKPFCU4GKEJ\WTÒEMWOCNU 8GTOKVVNGT2CRUV+PPQ\GP\+++  \YKUEJGP9GNHGPWPF5VCWHGTP\WXGTJCPFGNP

1628





92

1629

$TCMVGCV  I %802#&  85 '2+5 'T\DKUEJQH UKV\V X X OKV -TGW\ WPF -TWOOUVCD CWH GKPGO   (CNVUVWJNFGTOKV6KGTMÌRHGPXGT\KGTVKUVKPHÒPHDQIKIGT'KPHCUUWPIOKVHÒPH6ÒTOGP(FXQP5GGIC 8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV'VYCUIGMPKVVGTVWPFYKP\5EJTÌVNKPIUTKUUGUGJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCV  I %804#&85 &'+ )4#%+# #4%*+ '2+5%1285 + 'T\DKUEJQH UKV\V X X OKV   -TWOOUVCD WPF CWHIGUEJNCIGPGO $WEJ FCTÒDGT -TGW\ CWH $QIGP \W FGP 5GKVGP LG \YGK 6ÒTOG   (FXQP5GGIC 8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV-PKEMURWTGPHCUVUGJTUEJÌP




ERFURT

1632

1630



$TCMVGCVI$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/CTVKPXXOKVUGIPGPFGT4GEJVGPWPF$WEJJKPVGT/CWGTDQ IGP OKV \YGK 6ÒTOGP FCTWPVGT FGT PCEJ N MPKGPFG 'T\DKUEJQH OKV GTJQDGPGP *·PFGP 0CW &KG <GKV   FGT5VCWHGT  FQTVWPVGT%JTKUVKCP+XQP$WEJpWPFp 5NI$QPJQHH  45GJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCVI$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/CTVKPXXOKVUGIPGPFGT4GEJVGPWPF$WEJJKPVGT/CWGTDQ IGP OKV \YGK 6ÒTOGP FCTWPVGT FGT PCEJ N MPKGPFG 'T\DKUEJQH OKV GTJQDGPGP *·PFGP 0CW &KG <GKV   FGT5VCWHGT  FQTVWPVGT%JTKUVKCP+XQP$WEJpWPFp 5NI$QPJQHH  45EJÌP



'ZGORNCTFGT#WMVKQP(TKV\4WFQNH-ÒPMGT1UPCDTÒEM0T



<GKVFGT&QRRGNYCJN 

$TCMVGCVI5%5/#4 6+085'T\DKUEJQHUKV\VXXOKV-TGW\WPF-TWOOUVCDCWH$QIGP\W FGP5GKVGPLGGKP6WTO5NI.ÌDDGEMG5NI9CNVJGT 442T·IGUEJY·EJGCO4CPFUGJTUEJÌP

8IN FGP -QOOGPVCT XQP * $WEJGPCW KP FGT $GUEJTGKDWPI FGU (WPFGU XQP 5GGIC 0T  5R   &CU   (GJNGPXQP0COGWPF$KNFFGU'T\DKUEJQHUDGTGEJVKIV\WT#PPCJOGFC­FCU)GRT·IG\WT<GKVFGT'TNGFKIWPIFGU GT\DKUEJÌHNKEJGP 5VWJNGU GPVUVCPFGP KUV &KG 5GFKUXCMCP\ XQP  YCT PWT MWT\ =? ' -QPTCFU #DNGDGP XGTCP   NC­VG GKPG \YKGUR·NVKIG 9CJN \YKUEJGP FGO R·RUVNKEJGP WPF YGNHKUEJGP -CPFKFCVGP 5KGIHTKGF XQP 'RRGPUVGKP WPF   FGOFGTUVCWHKUEJGP2CTVGK.WRQNF DKUJGT$KUEJQHXQP9QTOU +O(TÒJLCJTVTCV'THWTVCWH5GKVGFGUNGV\VGTGP 0MCPPFKGGTUVG2T·IWPICWUFKGUGT<YKUEJGP\GKVUGKP



1633

.WRQNFXQP5EJÌPHGNF





&GT\WO$KUEJQHXQP9QTOUGTPCPPVG.WRQNFYWTFGXQPGKPGT/GJTJGKVFGU/CKP\GT&QOMCRKVGNU  \WO 0CEJHQNIGT -QPTCFU XQP 9KVVGNUDCEJ IGY·JNV &GT \W FKGUGT <GKV UVCVVHKPFGPFG 6JTQPUVTGKV   \YKUEJGP9GNHGPWPF5VCWHGTPURKGIGNVUKEJCWEJKPFGT&QRRGNYCJNFGU,CJTGUYKFGT'KPG/KP FGTJGKV FGU &QOMCRKVGNU Y·JNVG 5KGIHTKGF ++ XQP 'RRUVGKP UQ FCUU GU \W GKPGO $KUEJQHUUEJKUOC MCO   .WRQNFWPVGTUVÒV\VGFKGUVCWHKUEJG2CTVGK2JKNKRRUXQP5EJYCDGPWPFYWTFGFGUJCNDXQO2CRUV+PPQ\GP\ +++PKEJVCPGTMCPPVFGTCWHFGT5GKVGFGU9GNHGP1VVQ+8UVCPFWPF5KGIHTKGF++XQP'RRUVGKPDGXQT \WIVG 0CEJ FGT 'TOQTFWPI 2JKNKRRU XQP 5EJYCDGP CO  WPF FGO <WUCOOGPDTWEJ FGT   UVCWHKUEJGP2CTVGKMQPPVGUKEJ.WRQNFKP/CKP\PKEJVOGJTJCNVGPWPF\QIUKEJPCEJ9QTOU\WTÒEMYQ GTCOXGTUVCTD&CGTPKGOCNUFKGR·RUVNKEJG#PGTMGPPWPIGTJKGNVYKTFGTKPFGTQHHK\KGNNGP .KUVGFGT/CKP\GT'T\DKUEJÌHGPWTCNU)GIGP'T\DKUEJQHQFGTICTPKEJVCWHIGHÒJTV 

$TCMVGCV  I .821.&8  5 #4%=+'2%8?'T\DKUEJQHUKV\VXXOKV-TWOOUVCDWPF$WEJKO (GNF-TGW\G5VGTPGWPF2WPMVG$GTIGT5NI$QPJQHH5NI.ÌDDGEMG  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV5GJTUEJÌP

 93


ERFURT

1634





1635

1636

$TCMVGCV  I .821.&85 #4%*+'25 +0 '42J82&' &GT 'T\DKUEJQH UKV\V X X OKV -TWOO   WPF-TGW\UVCDCWH$QIGP\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP6WTO(FX5GGIC  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV4CPFCWUDTÒEJGUGJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCV  I .821.&85 #4%+'2%5 'T\DKUEJQH VJTQPV X X OKV -TGW\ WPF -TWOOUVCD ÒDGT   $QIGP5NI$QPJQHH5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5NI9CNVJGT  445EJTÌVNKPIUTKUUGVGKNYGKUGJKPVGTMNGDVUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



5KGIHTKGF++XQP'RRUVGKP





5KGIHTKGFYWTFGWOIGDQTGPWPFGPVUVCOOVGFGO)GUEJNGEJVFGTGFGNHTGKGP*GTTGPXQP*CKPJCWUGP KO /CKPICW /KV UGKPGT 9CJN \WO /CKP\GT 'T\DKUEJQH NGKVGVG GT FKG 'RQEJG FGT XQP 'RR GP UVGKPGT   CWHFGO'T\UVWJNGKPFKG,CJTGWPF#OVU\GKVGPY·JTGPUQNNVG$GKFGT&QRRGNYCJNXQPUVCPF 5KGIHTKGFCWHFGT5GKVGFGTYGNHKUEJGP2CTVGKWPFWPVGTNCIFGORTQUVCWHKUEJGP.WRQNFXQP5EJÌPHGNF'T YKEJ PCEJ -ÌNP CWU WPF XGTDCPF UKEJ FQTV OKV 1VVQ +8 FGP GT CWEJ KP FGO MWT\HTKUVKI GTQDGTVGP   /CKP\GT &QO \WO -ÌPKI MTÌPVG 6TQV\ FGT #PGTMGPPWPI FWTEJ 2CRUV +PPQ\GP\ +++ MQPPVG UKEJ   5KGIHTKGFLGFQEJPKEJVKO5VTGKVWOFGP/CKP\GT$KUEJQHUUKV\FWTEJUGV\GP'TUVFKG'TOQTFWPI2JKNKRRU XQP 5EJYCDGP  DGGPFGVG FCU /CKP\GT 5EJKUOC WPF DTCEJVG 5KGIHTKGF KP #OV WPF 9ÒTFGP    UCIVG UKEJ 5KGIHTKGF XQP UGKPGO )ÌPPGT 1VVQ +8 CWHITWPF XQP &KHHGTGP\GP KP FGT +VCNKGPRQNKVKM FGU   9GNHGP NQU WPF WPVGTUVÒV\VG FKG 9CJN FGU UVCWHKUEJGP )GIGPMÌPKIU (TKGFTKEJ ++   +P   FGPHQNIGPFGP,CJTGPPCJO5KGIHTKGFITQ­GP'KPHNWUUCWHFKG4GKEJURQNKVKMWPFMQPPVGFCU6GTTKVQTKWO FGU /CKP\GT 'T\DKUVWOU GTYGKVGTP 'T UVCTD CO  KP 'THWTV WPF YWTFG KO &QO $GCVC /CTKC   8KTIQDGKIGUGV\V 

$TCMVGCVI%5#+1005*J%+%2'T\DKUEJQHUKV\VXXOKV-TGW\WPF-TWOOUVCD$GTIGT 0CW &KG<GKVFGT5VCWHGT 5NI$QPJQHH5NI.ÌDDGEMG5NI9CNVJGT  9KP\4CPFHGJNGTUQPUVHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT

1637







94

1638



1639

$TCMVGCVI%5#+1005*J%+%2'T\DKUEJQHUKV\VXXOKV-TGW\WPF-TWOOUVCD$GTIGT 0CW &KG<GKVFGT5VCWHGT 5NI$QPJQHH5NI.ÌDDGEMG5NI9CNVJGT  5GJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCVI%5#+1005*J%+%2'T\DKUEJQHUKV\VXXOKV-TGW\WPF-TWOOUVCD$GTIGT 0CW &KG<GKVFGT5VCWHGT 5NI$QPJQHH5NI.ÌDDGEMG5NI9CNVJGT  *KPVGTMNGDVG4CPFCWUDTÒEJGJÒDUEJG2CVKPCHCUVUGJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCVIWPFI%5#+1005*J%+%2'T\DKUEJQHUKV\VXXOKV-TGW\WPF-TWOOUVCD $GTIGT  0CW &KG <GKV FGT 5VCWHGT   5NI $QPJQHH  Z FKG CDIGDKNFGVGP 'ZGORNCTG    5NI.ÌDDGEMG5NI9CNVJGT 5VÒEM<YGKIGUEJPKVVGPG*·NHVGPUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ




ERFURT

1640



$TCMVGCVI%5#+1005.&%+%2$TWUVDKNFFGU'T\DKUEJQHUXXOKVUGIPGPFGT4GEJVGPWPF$WEJ WPVGT&TGKDQIGPFCTCWH)GD·WFG\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP4KPIGN$GTIGT  448QT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT



1641



$TCMVGCV  I 5+(4+&' '2+5%12+ $TWUVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP /CTVKP X X ÒDGT &TGKDQIGP FCTWPVGT   $GVVNGT OKV -TÒEMG WPF GTJQDGPGT 4GEJVGP $GTIGT p 5NI $QPJQHH p 5NI *QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV p 5NI   .ÌDDGEMG5NI9CNVJGTp 448QT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT 

1644 1642

1643



$TCMVGCV  I #4%*+'2  +5+((4&+ &GT 'T\DKUEJQH UKV\V X X OKV CWHIGUEJNCIGPGO $WEJ WPF   -TWOOUVCD(FX5GGICC 8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV4CPFCWUDTÒEJGUGJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCV  I #4*+'2%5 2(42*)65 'T\DKUEJQH VJTQPV X X OKV UGIPGPFGT 4GEJVGP WPF CWHIG   UEJNCIGPGO$WEJ\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP6WTO(FXQP5GGIC 444CPFCWUDTÒEJGHCUVUGJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCVI%5#+=0052J%?+%2'T\DKUEJQHUVGJVXXOKVUGIPGPFGT4GEJVGPWPF-TWOOUVCD 5NI$QPJQHH5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5NI.ÌDDGEMG5NI9CNVJGT  *CNDKGTVHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ

 95


ERFURT

1645

1646

5KGIHTKGF+++XQP'RRUVGKP

1647

1648





&GT WO FCU ,CJT  IGDQTGPG 5KGIHTKGF YCT FGT 0GHHG FGU /CKP\GT 'T\DKUEJQHU 5KGIHTKGFU ++ XQP   'RRUVGKP'TDGUWEJVGHTÒJFKG/CKP\GT&QOUEJWNGWPFKUVCNU&QOJGTTDG\GWIV0CEJFGO6QF UGKPGU 1PMGNU YWTFG GT QHHGPDCT QJPG ITÌ­GTG 9KFGTUV·PFG KO 0QXGODGT  \W FGUUGP 0CEJHQNIGT   IGY·JNV&KGXQP5KGIHTKGFDGVTKGDGPG4GKEJURQNKVKMN·UUVUKEJKP\YGK2JCUGPWPVGTVGKNGP$KUUVCPF GT CWH FGT 5GKVG FGU 5VCWHGTU (TKGFTKEJU ++   WPF YCT YQJN CWEJ OC­IGDNKEJ CO   ō/CKP\GT4GKEJUNCPFHTKGFGPŋDGVGKNKIVFGTFGP-QPHNKMV(TKGFTKEJU++OKVUGKPGO5QJP*GKPTKEJ 8++  DGGPFGVG #NU )TGIQT +:   FGP -CKUGT  GZMQOOWPK\KGTVG WPF HQTFGTVG FGT 4GKEJU   GRKUMQRCV UQNNG UKEJ XQO IGDCPPVGP *GTTUEJGT NQUUCIGP \ÌIGTVG 5KGIHTKGF YCU KJO GDGPHCNNU FGP   R·RUVNKEJGP $CPPURTWEJ GKPDTCEJVG +P FKGUGT 5KVWCVKQP YGEJUGNVG FGT /CKP\GT 'T\DKUEJQH RNÌV\NKEJ FKG   5GKVGPWPFXGTDÒPFGVGUKEJOKVFGO-ÌNPGT'T\DKUEJQH-QPTCFXQP*QEJUVCFGP  IGIGPFGP -CKUGT &KG )TÒPFG HÒT FKGUGP 5KPPGUYCPFGN NCIGP YQJN KP FGT NCPFGUJGTTNKEJGP 2QNKVKM FGU 5VCWHGTU   DGITÒPFGV FGT \WFGO FKG OGKUVG <GKV CW­GT .CPFGU XGTDTCEJVG <W FGP YKEJVKIUVGP )GDKGVU   GTYGKVGTWPIGPWPVGT5KGIHTKGF+++IGJÌTVGFKGGPFIÒNVKIGªDGTVTCIWPIFGT4GKEJUCDVGK.QTUEJKO,CJTG CPFGP/CKP\GT'T\UVWJN&GTCWEJCPXKGNGP-QP\KNKGPWPF5[PQFGPDGVGKNKIVG'T\DKUEJQHXGTUVCTD COKP$KPIGPWPFYWTFGKO/CKP\GT&QODGUVCVVGV 

$TCMVGCVI'T\DKUEJQHUKV\VXXOKV-TWOOWPF-TGW\UVCD5NI$QPJQHH 445GJTUEJÌP &KG'THWTVGT/CTVKPURHGPPKIG







&KG<WYGKUWPIFGTUQIGPCPPVGP'THWTVGT/CTVKPURHGPPKIGKUVNGV\VNKEJPKEJVIGUKEJGTV($GTIGTDTKPIV UKGWPVGTFGO'T\DKUEJQH)GTJCTF++XQP'RRUVGKP  FCGTKPFGTFCTIGUVGNNVGP2GTUQPYQJN FGP'T\DKUEJQHGTDNKEMV $GTIGT $GK,.GKV\OCPPGTUEJGKPGPFKG5VÒEMGWPVGTFGPō/ÒP\GP PCEJ 8GTRCEJVWPI FGU /ÒP\TGEJVU IGRT·IVŋ 5   WPF YGTFGP KP XKGT 6[RGPWPVGTVGKNV'UYÒTFG UKEJ FGOPCEJ WO UV·FVKUEJG 2T·IWPIGP JCPFGNP /ÌINKEJGTYGKUG KUV FGTFCTIGUVGNNVG$KUEJQHCDGTCWEJ PKEJV FGT /CKP\GT 'T\DKUEJQH UQPFGTP FGT JGKNKIG /CTVKP #WH GKPGO )TQ­VGKN FGT 6[RGP GTUEJGKPV   UEJNKG­NKEJCWEJUGKP0COGCNU5/#46+085QFGTFGT5VCFVPCOGCNU'4(14&+#'KP\KIFGTHGJNGPFG *GKNKIGPUEJGKP YÒTFG GJGT HÒT FGP 'T\DKUEJQH CNU HÒT FGP *GKNKIGP URTGEJGP #WH GKPKIGP HTÒJGTGP   $TCMVGCVGP HGJNV CNNGTFKPIU CWEJ IGNGIGPVNKEJ FGT 0KODWU XIN $GTIGT  WPF   $GK FGP TGKP   UV·FVKUEJGP 2T·IWPIGP PCEJ  .GKV\OCPP  HH  GTUEJGKPV FGPP CWEJ FCU 5VCFVYCRRGP WPF PKEJV   OGJT FGT *GKNKIG #P FKGUGT 5VGNNG DGNCUUGP YKT FKG /CTVKPURHGPPKIG XQTGTUV WPVGT FGP 'T\DKUEJÌHGP   )GTJCTF ++ XQP 'RRUVGKP WPF *GKPTKEJ +++ XQP 8KTPGDWTI FC UKG YQJN CWEJ \W FGTGP 4GIKGTWPIU\GKV   IGRT·IVYQTFGPUKPF   )GTJCTF++XQP'RRUVGKP  

)GTJCTFFGTYQJNWOIGDQTGPYWTFGWPFFKG/CKP\GT&QOUEJWNGDGUWEJVGVCWEJVGTUVOCNU KO)GHQNIGUGKPGU1PMGNU5KGIHTKGFU+++XQP'RRUVGKPDGKFGT9CJNFGU)GIGPMÌPKIU*GKPTKEJ4CURG+8 XQP 6JÒTKPIGP   CWH  KUV GT CNU /CKP\GT &QOJGTT DG\GWIV  YWTFG GT XQP GKPGO   6GKN FGU &QOMCRKVGNU IGIGP2GVGT4GKEJXQP4GKEJGPUVGKP\WO0CEJHQNIGTUGKPGUXGTUVQTDGPGP8GVVGTU 9GTPGT XQP'RRUVGKP  IGY·JNV2CRUV*QPQTKWU+8  GTMCPPVGFKG9CJNLGFQEJ PKEJV CP WPF UGV\VG UVCVVFGUUGP *GKPTKEJ -PQFGTGT XQP +UP[   CWH FGP 'T\UVWJN 'TUV PCEJ   FGUUGP 6QF  HKGN FKG 'PVUEJGKFWPI XQP &QOMCRKVGN WPF 2CRUV \WIWPUVGP )GTJCTFU CWU FGT UKEJ   FKGUOCNRGTUÌPNKEJPCEJ4QODGIGDGPJCVVG+O#WIWUVDGHCPFGTUKEJYKGFGTKP/CKP\WPFDGUV· VKIVGFGT5VCFVKJTG2TKXKNGIKGPWPF(TGKJGKVGP0QEJKOINGKEJGP,CJTTGIGNVGGTFCU8GTJ·NVPKU\W'THWTV KP GKPGO 8GTVTCI )GTJCTF OKUEJVG UKEJ KPVGPUKX KP FKG -KTEJGP WPF 4GKEJURQNKVKM GKP +PUDGUQPFGTG   URTCEJ GT UKEJ IGIGP GKP JCDUDWTIKUEJGU 'TDMÌPKIVWO CWU WPF XGTJKPFGTVG FKG HTÒJ\GKVKIG -ÌPKIUYCJN   GKPGU FGT 5ÌJPG 4WFQNHU +   0CEJFGO GT \WP·EJUV PCEJ 4WFQNHU 6QF #FQNH XQP 0CUUCW  

  WPVGTUVÒV\V JCVVG UEJNWI GT UKEJ FCPP FQEJ CWH FKG 5GKVG FGT *CDUDWTIGT WPF Y·JNVG PCEJ   #FQNHU6QFKPFGT5EJNCEJVXQP)ÌNNJGKO#NDTGEJV+XQP¤UVGTTGKEJ  \WOPGWGP-ÌPKI#NU GTWOCWEJ\W#NDTGEJVKP1RRQUKVKQPIKPIGTQDGTVGFKGUGT$KPIGPWPF\YCPIFGP'T\DKUEJQH \WGKPGOJCTVGP(TKGFGPUXGTVTCI)GTJCTFUVCTDCO 

$TCMVGCVI '4(14&+#'T\DKUEJQHUKV\VXXOKV-TWOOUVCDWPF4CF.GKV\OCPP2QUGTP -NGVV *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





$TCMVGCVI5/#*6+085'T\DKUEJQHUKV\VXXOKV-TGW\HCJPGWPF4CF.GKV\OCPP2QUGTP -NGVV (CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





$TCMVGCVI5/#*6+085'T\DKUEJQHUKV\VXXOKV-TGW\HCJPGWPF4CF.GKV\OCPP2QUGTP -NGVV 5GJTUEJÌP



96


ERFURT

1649

1650

1651

1652

1653



$TCMVGCV  I 5 1806180 'T\DKUEJQH UKV\V X X OKV -TGW\HCJPG WPF 4CF .GKV\OCPP    2QUGTP-NGVV #VVTCMVKXG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ





$TCMVGCV  I 5 1806180 'T\DKUEJQH UKV\V X X OKV -TGW\HCJPG WPF 4CF .GKV\OCPP    2QUGTP-NGVV 5EJÌP





$TCMVGCV  I 5 /*46+085 'T\DKUEJQH UKV\V X X OKV \YGK -TGW\HCJPGP .GKV\OCPP    2QUGTP-NGVV 5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





$TCMVGCV  I 5 /*46+085 'T\DKUEJQH UKV\V X X OKV -TGW\ WPF -TGW\UVCD .GKV\OCPP    2QUGTP-NGVV *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ





$TCMVGCV  I 5 /*46+085 'T\DKUEJQH UKV\V X X OKV -TWOOUVCD WPF $WEJ .GKV\OCPP    2QUGTP-NGVV *KPVGTMNGDVUGJTUEJÌP



1654

1655

1656

1657

1658



$TCMVGCV  I 5 /*46+085 'T\DKUEJQH UKV\V X X OKV UGIPGPFGT 4GEJVGP WPF $WEJ WPVGT &TGK   DQIGP.GKV\OCPP2QUGTP-NGVV 44-PKEMURWTUGJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCVI5/*46+085$TWUVDKNFFGU'T\DKUEJQHUXXOKV-TWOOUVCDWPF$WEJWPVGT&TGK DQIGPWPFÒDGT$QIGP.GKV\OCPP2QUGTP-NGVV 8QT\ÒINKEJ





$TCMVGCV  I 5 /*46+085 $TWUVDKNF FGU 'T\DKUEJQHU X X OKV \YGK -TGW\UV·DGP ÒDGT $QIGP   .GKV\OCPP2QUGTP-NGVV 8QT\ÒINKEJ





$TCMVGCV  I 5 /*46+085 $TWUVDKNF FGU 'T\DKUEJQHU X X OKV \YGK -TGW\UV·DGP ÒDGT $QIGP   .GKV\OCPP2QUGTP-NGVV /KP4CPFCDDTWEJHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





$TCMVGCVI5/#*6+085$TWUVDKNFFGU'T\DKUEJQHUXXOKV\YGK-TGW\UV·DGPÒDGT/CWGTNGKUVG .GKV\OCPP2QUGTP-NGVV -N4CPFCWUDTWEJUGJTUEJÌP



1659

1660

1661

1662

1663



$TCMVGCVI5/*46+085$TWUVDKNFFGU'T\DKUEJQHUXXOKV-TWOOUVCDWPF$WEJÒDGT$QIGP .GKV\OCPP2QUGTP-NGVV *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ





$TCMVGCV  I $TWUVDKNF FGU 'T\DKUEJQHU X X OKV UGIPGPFGT 4GEJVGP WPF $WEJ ÒDGT $QIGP   .GKV\OCPP2QUGTP-NGVV 5EJÌPpUGJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCV  I 'T\DKUEJQH UKV\V X X OKV 2CNO\YGKI WPF -TWOOUVCD CWH FGO 4CPF XKGT 4·FGT   $GTIGT.GKV\OCPP2QUGTP-NGVV 8QT\ÒINKEJ





$TCMVGCV  I 'T\DKUEJQH UKV\V X X OKV -TWOOUVCD WPF 2CNO\YGKI (CJPG!  CWH FGO 4CPF XKGT   5VGTPG.GKV\OCPP (CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





$TCMVGCVI'T\DKUEJQHUKV\VXXOKV-TWOOUVCDWPF2CNO\YGKI.GKV\OCPP2QUGTP-NGVV 5GJTUEJÌP

 97


ERFURT

1665

1664

1667

1666



$TCMVGCVI'T\DKUEJQHUKV\VXXOKV\YGK-TWOOUV·DGPCWHFGO4CPFXKGT-WIGNP.GKV\OCPP 2QUGTP-NGVV 8QT\ÒINKEJCWUIGRT·IVGU'ZGORNCT





$TCMVGCVI'T\DKUEJQHUKV\VXXOKV-TWOOUVCDWPF$WEJ.GKV\OCPP2QUGTP-NGVV  5GNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI8QNNCWUIGRT·IVGUXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCTOKVJÒDUEJGTFWPMNGT2CVKPC





$TCMVGCV  I 5 /#46+085 'T\DKUEJQH UKV\V X X OKV -TWOOUVCD WPF $WEJ WPVGT &TGKDQIGP   .GKV\OCPP2QUGTP-NGVV /KP4CPFCDDTÒEJGUGJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCV  I 'T\DKUEJQH UKV\V X X OKV 2CNO\YGKI WPF $WEJ .GKV\OCPP  2QUGTP-NGVV    *ÒDUEJG2CVKPC-N#WUDTÒEJGWPF4KUUGCO4CPFHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



1670

1669

1668

1671



$TCMVGCVI'T\DKUEJQHUKV\VXXOKV2CNO\YGKIWPF$WEJ.GKV\OCPP2QUGTP-NGVV  5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





$TCMVGCVI'T\DKUEJQHUKV\VXXOKV2CNO\YGKIWPF$WEJ.GKV\OCPP2QUGTP-NGVV  5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­HCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





$TCMVGCVI'T\DKUEJQHUKV\VXXOKV2CNO\YGKIWPF$WEJ.GKV\OCPP2QUGTP-NGVV  4CPFHGJNGTHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





$TCMVGCV  I 5 /#46+085 $TWUVDKNF FGU 'T\DKUEJQHU X X OKV-TWOOUVCDWPF2CNO\YGKIÒDGT /CWGTNGKUVG.GKV\OCPPp2QUGTP-NGVVp 445EJTÌVNKPIUTK­UGJTUEJÌP



1672

1673

1674



$TCMVGCV (TGKRHGPPKI I/#46+0+/KVTCÒDGT4CFCWH-TWOOUVCD.GKV\OCPPHH2QUGTP -NGVV5NI$QPJQHH &WPMNG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP





#PQP[O,CJTJWPFGTV$TCMVGCVI'T\DKUEJQHUKV\VXXOKV-TWOOUVCDWPF$WEJCWH$Q IGP $WEJGPCW * &GT /CTDWTIGT $TCMVGCVGPHWPF KP $N·VVGT HÒT /ÒP\HTGWPFG 0T  /CK,WPK    5XINCEWPF6H 4(CUVUGJTUEJÌP



'ZGORNCTFGT#WMVKQP(TKV\4WFQNH-ÒPMGT1UPCDTÒEM0T  &KG <WYGKUWPI FGU XQTNKGIGPFGP 'ZGORNCTU KUV PKEJV \YGKHGNUHTGK IGUKEJGTV * $WEJGPCW UEJTKGD KP FGT $GUEJTGK   DWPI FGU /CTDWTIGT $TCMVGCVGPHWPFGU ō'KPG CDUEJNKG­GPFG #WHVGKNWPI HQNIGPFGT )TWRRGP \YKUEJGP FGT GT\DKUEJ   /CKP\GT/ÒP\UV·VVG'THWTV#TPUVCFV *GTUHGNFOKV5EJYCT\DWTI %ÌNNGFCKUVWPVWPNKEJŋ



98

$TCMVGCVI'T\DKUEJQHUKV\VXXOKV-TWOOUVCDWPF$WEJ*·XGTPKEM95WJNG#(WPFXQP 1JTFTWH-T)QVJC ++ KP*·XGTPKEM9&KGOKVVGNCNVGTNKEJGP/ÒP\HWPFGKP6JÒTKPIGP,GPC 50T 49KP\4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP




ERFURT

1675

1676

1677

1678

*GKPTKEJ+++XQP8KTPGDWTI





0CEJFGO6QFFGU/CKP\GT'T\DKUEJQHU/CVVJKCUXQP$WEJGII  MCOGUKP/CKP\\WGKPGO NCPIL·JTKIGP5EJKUOCWOFKG0CEJHQNIG(ÒT$TWPQXQP$WEJGIIURTCEJUKEJUGKP$TWFGTFGT5VTC­DWTIGT $KUEJQH$GTVJQNF++XQP$WEJGII  DGK2CRUV,QJCPPGU::++  CWUYQJKPIGIGP *GKPTKEJXQPUGKPGO$TWFGTFGO-ÌNPGT'T\DKUEJQH*GKPTKEJ++XQP8KTPGDWTI  WPVGTUVÒV\V YWTFG <W CNNGO ªDGTHNWUUY·JNVGFCU/CKP\GT&QOMCRKVGNCWEJPQEJFGP6TKGTGT'T\DKUEJQH$CNFWKP XQP .WZGODWTI   \WO #FOKPKUVTCVQT FGU /CKP\GT 'T\DKUVWOU &GT 5VTGKV Y·JTVG DKU    CNU GKP R·RUVNKEJGU +PVGTFKMV $GPGFKMVU :++   $CNFWKP \WT 7PVGT\GKEJPWPI GKPGT 8GT\KEJVU   WTMWPFG \YCPI  YWTFGP FKG $KUVÒOGT 2TCI WPF 1NOÒV\ CWU FGO /CKP\GT /GVTQRQNKVCPXGTDCPF   CWUIGNÌUVWPF\WGKIGPUV·PFKIGP$KUVÒOGTPIGOCEJV#W­GTFGOGTMCPPVGOCPFGO/CKP\GT'T\DKUEJQH FCU -TÌPWPIUTGEJV HÒT FKG DÌJOKUEJGP -ÌPKIG CD #NU *GKPTKEJ UKEJ YGKIGTVG FKGUG 'PVUEJGKFWPI   CP\WGTMGPPGP YWTFG GT  XQO 2CRUV HÒT CDIGUGV\V GTMN·TV 'T UVCTD CO  PCEJFGO GT    XGTIGDNKEJXGTUWEJVJCVVGFCU#OVFGU'T\DKUEJQHUYKGFGT\WGTNCPIGP 

*QJNRHGPPKI  I /#46+0ň $TWUVDKNF FGU 'T\DKUEJQHU X X \W FGP 5GKVGP HNQTCNG 8GT\KGTWPI   .GKV\OCPP2QUGTP-NGVV (CUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT





*QJNRHGPPKI  I /#46+0ň $TWUVDKNF FGU 'T\DKUEJQHU X X \W FGP 5GKVGP HNQTCNG 8GT\KGTWPI   .GKV\OCPP2QUGTP-NGVV #VVTCMVKXGU'ZGORNCTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





*QJNRHGPPKI  I /#46+0ň $TWUVDKNF FGU 'T\DKUEJQHU X X \W FGP 5GKVGP HNQTCNG 8GT\KGTWPI   .GKV\OCPP2QUGTP-NGVV -N4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ



#WHFGOXQTNKGIGPFGP'ZGORNCTKUVNKPMUWPFTGEJVUPGDGPFGO$TWUVDKNFFGU'T\DKUEJQHUTGEJVFGWVNKEJGKPG8GT\KG TWPI \W GTMGPPGP FKG UKEJ LGFQEJ PKEJV IGPCW DGUVKOOGP N·UUV /ÌINKEJGTYGKUG UQNNGP FKG GTJQDGPGP *·PFG FGU   'T\DKUEJQHUFCTIGUVGNNVYGTFGPQFGTGUJCPFGNVUKEJWOGKPG#TV4CPMGPGKPHCUUWPI



*QJNRHGPPKII/#46++8#-QRHFGU'T\DKUEJQHUXX.GKV\OCPP2QUGTP-NGVV  8QT\ÒINKEJ

1679

1680

1681



1682



*QJNRHGPPKI  I /#46+/ň -QRH FGU 'T\DKUEJQHU X X .GKV\OCPP  2QUGTP-NGVV    5NI9CNVJGTXCT 5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





*QJNRHGPPKII/#46+0ň$TWUVDKNFFGU'T\DKUEJQHUXXÒDGT/CWGTDTÒUVWPI\WFGP5GKVGPLG GKP6WTO.GKV\OCPP2QUGTP-NGVV5NI9CNVJGT 5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





*QJNRHGPPKII/#46+0ň$TWUVDKNFFGU'T\DKUEJQHUXXÒDGT/CWGTDTÒUVWPI\WFGP5GKVGPLG GKP6WTO.GKV\OCPP2QUGTP-NGVV5NI9CNVJGT 5GJTUEJÌP





*QJNRHGPPKII/#46+0+ň-QRHFGU'T\DKUEJQHUXXÒDGT9CRRGP.GKV\OCPP2QUGTP-NGVV 5GJTUEJÌP



1683

1684

1685

1686

56#&6 

*QJNRHGPPKIQ, PCEJ I/#46+0<YGKPGDGPGKPCPFGTIGUVGNNVGUGEJUURGKEJKIG*CNDT·FGT .GKV\OCPPHH2QUGTP-NGVVHH 5GJTUEJÌP





*QJNRHGPPKIQ, PCEJ I/#46+0<YGKPGDGPGKPCPFGTIGUVGNNVGUGEJUURGKEJKIG*CNDT·FGT .GKV\OCPPHH2QUGTP-NGVVHH 5GJTUEJÌP





*QJNRHGPPKIQ, PCEJ I/#46+0<YGKPGDGPGKPCPFGTIGUVGNNVGUGEJUURGKEJKIG*CNDT·FGT .GKV\OCPPHH2QUGTP-NGVVHH (CUVUGJTUEJÌP





*QJNRHGPPKIQ, PCEJ I/#46+0ň5GEJUURGKEJKIGU4CF.GKV\OCPP2QUGTP-NGVV 9KP\4CPFCDDTÒEJGXQT\ÒINKEJ

 99


ERFURT

1687

1688

1690



$TCMVGCVQ, PCEJ I/#46+0ň5GEJUURGKEJKIGU4CF.GKV\OCPP2QUGTP-NGVV  5GJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCVQ, PCEJ I/#46+0ň5GEJUURGKEJKIGU4CF.GKV\OCPP2QUGTP-NGVV  5EJÌPpUGJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCVQ, PCEJ /#46+0ň5GEJUURGKEJKIGU4CF.GKV\OCPP2QUGTP-NGVV  5VÒEM5GJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCVQ, PCEJ I5GEJUURGKEJKIGU4CF2GTNMTGKUCWHFGO4CPF.GKV\OCPPp2QUGTP -NGVVp -N4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP



1691

1692

&KG<GKVFGT)GIGPUVGORGN





&KG )GIGPUVGORGNWPI FGU \KTMWNKGTGPFGP )TQUEJGPIGNFGU FWTEJ FKG 5V·FVG FGU 5R·VOKVVGNCNVGTU KUV GKPG   $GUQPFGTJGKV FGT FGWVUEJGP /ÒP\IGUEJKEJVG IGDNKGDGP 5KG KUV #WUFTWEM GKPGT YGKVJKP XGTDTGKVGVGP   7PUKEJGTJGKV ÒDGT FGP 'FGNOGVCNNIGJCNV FGT XKGNGP XGTUEJKGFGPGP KO 7ONCWH DGHKPFNKEJGP /ÒP\UQTVGP   /KV *KNHG FGT -GPP\GKEJPWPI FWTEJ WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJG <GKEJGP KP FGT 4GIGN $WEJUVCDGP QFGT 5VCFV   YCRRGP  UQNNVGP FKG DGUUGTGP 'OKUUKQPGP INGKEJGT 6[RGP YKG /GK­PGT QFGT 2TCIGT)TQUEJGPMGPPVNKEJ IGOCEJV YGTFGP  XGTUEJKGFGPG 5V·FVG NCUUGP UKEJ UKEJGT OKV )GIGPUVGORGNP DGNGIGP YQDGK FKG   HTÒJGUVGP XQT  KP 9GUVHCNGP GPVUVCPFGP UKPF &CTÒDGT JKPCWU IKDV GU CDGT PQEJ GKPG ITQ­G #P\CJN   XQPDKUNCPIPKEJVKFGPVKHK\KGTVGP5VGORGNP5V·FVKUEJG)GIGPUVGORGNCWH)QNFOÒP\GPUKPFFCIGIGPUGJT UGNVGP 'U IKDV UKG NGFKINKEJ CWU 1UPCDTÒEM /ÒPUVGT .ÒPGDWTI 4QUVQEM .ÒDGEM *CODWTI *GTHQTF   WPF9GTN 



*GUUKUEJGT)TQUEJGPQ,FGU.CPFITCHGP.WFYKI++FGU(TGKOÒVKIGP  OKV)GIGPUVGORGN XQP'THWTV5GEJUURGKEJKIGU4CFKPFGT0CDGGKP2WPMV ! I*QHHOGKUVGT-TWI' !  /ÒP\GWPF)GIGPUVGORGNHCUVUGJTUEJÌP



5·EJUKUEJGT 5EJYGTVITQUEJGP Q , FGU -WTHÒTUVGP (TKGFTKEJU ++ FGU 5CPHVOÒVKIGP XQP 5CEJUGP      /ÒP\UV·VVG .GKR\KI DGKFGTUGKVU /ÒP\\GKEJGP .KNKG  OKV )GIGPUVGORGN XQP 'THWTV *CNDTCF   OKVXKGT5RGKEJGPKPFGT0CDGGKP2WPMV\YKUEJGPFGTFTKVVGPWPFXKGTVGP5RGKEJGGKP2WPMVI -TWI-TWU[' /ÒP\GUEJÌP)GIGPUVGORGNUGJTUEJÌP



1693





100

1694

5·EJUKUEJGT 5EJYGTVITQUEJGP Q , FGU -WTHÒTUVGP (TKGFTKEJU ++ FGU 5CPHVOÒVKIGP XQP 5CEJUGP      /ÒP\UV·VVG .GKR\KI DGKFGTUGKVU /ÒP\\GKEJGP .KNKG  OKV )GIGPUVGORGN XQP 'THWTV *CNDTCF   OKVXKGT5RGKEJGPKPFGT0CDGGKP2WPMV\YKUEJGPFGTFTKVVGPWPFXKGTVGP5RGKEJGGKP2WPMVI -TWI-TWU[' /ÒP\GUEJÌP)GIGPUVGORGNHCUVUGJTUEJÌP



5·EJUKUEJGT 5EJYGTVITQUEJGP Q , FGU -WTHÒTUVGP (TKGFTKEJU ++ FGU 5CPHVOÒVKIGP XQP 5CEJUGP      /ÒP\UV·VVG .GKR\KI DGKFGTUGKVU /ÒP\\GKEJGP .KNKG  OKV )GIGPUVGORGN XQP 'THWTV *CNDTCF   OKVXKGT5RGKEJGPKPFGT0CDGGKP2WPMV\YKUEJGPFGTFTKVVGPWPFXKGTVGP5RGKEJGGKP2WPMVI -TWI!-TWU[' /ÒP\GUEJÌP)GIGPUVGORGNHCUVUGJTUEJÌP




ERFURT

1695





5·EJUKUEJGT5EJKNFITQUEJGPQ, IGRT·IV FGU-WTHÒTUVGP(TKGFTKEJU++FGU5CPHVOÒVKIGPXQP 5CEJUGP   /ÒP\UV·VVG (TGKDGTI DGKFGTUGKVU /ÒP\\GKEJGP HÒPHDN·VVTKIG 4QUG  OKV )GIGP   UVGORGNXQP'THWTV&QRRGNJCNDTCFOKVLGXKGT5RGKEJGPKPFGP0CDGPGKP2WPMV\YKUEJGPFGPDGKFGP *CNDT·FGTPGKP2WPMVI-TWI-TWU['  /ÒP\GUGJTUEJÌP)GIGPUVGORGNHCUVUGJTUEJÌP



5·EJUKUEJGT 5EJKNFITQUEJGP Q , IGRT·IV   FGU -WTHÒTUVGP (TKGFTKEJU ++OKVUGKPGO$TWFGT *GT\QI 9KNJGNO +++ XQP 6JÒTKPIGP   /ÒP\UV·VVG (TGKDGTI OKV )GIGPUVGORGN XQP 'THWTV   &QRRGNJCNDTCF OKV LG XKGT 5RGKEJGP KP FGP 0CDGP GKP 2WPMV  I -TWI  -TWU[ '     /ÒP\GUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ)GIGPUVGORGNUGJTUEJÌP



1697







1698

5·EJUKUEJGT5EJKNFITQUEJGPQ, IGRT·IV FGU-WTHÒTUVGP(TKGFTKEJU++FGU5CPHVOÒVKIGPXQP 5CEJUGP  /ÒP\UV·VVG.GKR\KI DGKFGTUGKVU/ÒP\\GKEJGP.KNKG OKV)GIGPUVGORGNXQP'THWTV 5GEJUURGKEJKIGU 4CF KP FGT 0CDG GKP HÒPHUVTCJNKIGT 5VGTP \YKUEJGP \YGK 5RGKEJGP GKP 2WPMVI -TWI-TWU[' /ÒP\GUEJÌPpUGJTUEJÌP)GIGPUVGORGNUGJTUEJÌP



5·EJUKUEJGT 5EJKNFITQUEJGP Q , IGRT·IV   FGU -WTHÒTUVGP (TKGFTKEJU ++OKVUGKPGO$TWFGT *GT\QI 9KNJGNO +++ XQP 6JÒTKPIGP   /ÒP\UV·VVG (TGKDGTI /ÒP\\GKEJGP /QJPMQRH WPF   5VCEJGNTQUG  OKV )GIGPUVGORGN XQP 'THWTV &QRRGNJCNDTCF OKV LG XKGT 5RGKEJGP KP FGP 0CDGP GKP   2WPMVI-TWI-TWU[' /ÒP\GUGJTUEJÌP)GIGPUVGORGNUGJTUEJÌP



1699



1696

1700

5·EJUKUEJGT5EJKNFITQUEJGPQ, IGRT·IV FGU-WTHÒTUVGP(TKGFTKEJU++FGU5CPHVOÒVKIGPXQP 5CEJUGP  /ÒP\UV·VVG.GKR\KI DGKFGTUGKVU/ÒP\\GKEJGP.KNKG OKV)GIGPUVGORGNXQP'THWTV 'KPJCNDGU4CFOKVXKGT5RGKEJGPKPFGT0CDGGKP2WPMVI-TWI-TWU['  /ÒP\GWPF)GIGPUVGORGNUGJTUEJÌP



5·EJUKUEJGT 5EJYGTVITQUEJGP Q , FGU -WTHÒTUVGP (TKGFTKEJU ++ OKV UGKPGT )GOCJNKP /CTICTGVJC XQP   5CEJUGP  /ÒP\UV·VVG%QNFKV\OKV)GIGPUVGORGNXQP'THWTV*CNDTCFOKVXKGT5RGKEJGPKP FGT 0CDG GKP 2WPMV \YKUEJGP FGT GTUVGP WPF \YGKVGP 5RGKEJG GKP 2WPMV  I -TWI  HH   -TWU[' /ÒP\GHCUVUGJTUEJÌP)GIGPUVGORGNUGJTUEJÌP



1701

1702



5·EJUKUEJGT 4CWVGPITQUEJGP Q , IGRT·IV   FGU *GT\QIU XQP 5CEJUGP WPF .CPFITCHGP XQP   6JÒTKPIGP9KNJGNO+++  /ÒP\UV·VVG)QVJCOKV)GIGPUVGORGNXQP'THWTV'KPJCNDGU4CF OKVXKGT5RGKEJGPFKG5RGKEJGTJCVPCEJWPVGPMGKPG5RKV\GI-TWIHH-TWU[' /ÒP\GWPF)GIGPUVGORGNUGJTUEJÌP





5·EJUKUEJGT5EJYGTVITQUEJGPQ, IGRT·IV FGU-WTHÒTUVGP(TKGFTKEJU++FGU5CPHVOÒVKIGP XQP 5CEJUGP   /ÒP\UV·VVG .GKR\KI DGKFGTUGKVU /ÒP\\GKEJGP .KNKG  OKV )GIGPUVGORGN XQP   'THWTV'KPJCNDGU4CFOKVXKGT5RGKEJGPCPUVGNNGFGT5RGKEJGTGKP&TGKGEMI-TWIHH -TWU[' /ÒP\GHCUVUGJTUEJÌP)GIGPUVGORGNUGJTUEJÌP

 101


ERFURT

1703

1703



5·EJUKUEJGT5EJYGTVITQUEJGPQ, IGRT·IV FGU-WTHÒTUVGP(TKGFTKEJU++OKVUGKPGT)GOCJNKP /CTICTGVJCXQP5CEJUGP  /ÒP\UV·VVG%QNFKV\OKV)GIGPUVGORGNXQP'THWTV5GEJUURGKEJKIGU 4CF KP FGT 0CDG GKP HÒPHUVTCJNKIGT 5VGTP \YKUEJGP \YGK 0CDGP GKP 2WPMV CWH FGP GKP 9KPMGN FGU   5VGTPU\GKIVI-TWI-TWU['  /ÒP\GUGJTUEJÌP)GIGPUVGORGNUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

1704



1705



5·EJUKUEJGT5EJYGTVITQUEJGPQ, IGRT·IV FGU-WTHÒTUVGP(TKGFTKEJU++FGU5CPHVOÒVKIGP XQP 5CEJUGP   /ÒP\UV·VVG .GKR\KI DGKFGTUGKVU /ÒP\\GKEJGP .KNKG  OKV )GIGPUVGORGN   XQP 'THWTV &QRRGNJCNDTCF OKV LG XKGT 5RGKEJGP KP FGP 0CDGP GKP 2WPMV  I -TWI  HH   -TWU[' /ÒP\GWPF)GIGPUVGORGNHCUVUGJTUEJÌP





5·EJUKUEJGT5EJYGTVITQUEJGPQ, IGRT·IV FGU-WTHÒTUVGP(TKGFTKEJU++OKVUGKPGT)GOCJNKP /CTICTGVJCXQP5CEJUGP  /ÒP\UV·VVG%QNFKV\OKV)GIGPUVGORGNXQP'THWTV5GEJUURGKEJKIGU 4CFKPFGT0CDGGKPHÒPHUVTCJNKIGT5VGTP\YKUEJGP\YGK0CDGPGKP2WPMVCWHFGPGKP5VTCJNFGU5VGTPU \GKIVI-TWI-TWU[' /ÒP\GWPF)GIGPUVGORGNUGJTUEJÌP



1706





5·EJUKUEJGT5EJYGTVITQUEJGPQ, IGRT·IV FGU-WTHÒTUVGP(TKGFTKEJU++OKVUGKPGT)GOCJNKP /CTICTGVJCXQP5CEJUGP  /ÒP\UV·VVG%QNFKV\OKV)GIGPUVGORGNXQP'THWTV5GEJUURGKEJKIGU 4CFKPFGT0CDGGKP2WPMVI-TWIHH-TWU['  /ÒP\GWPF)GIGPUVGORGNHCUVUGJTUEJÌP



5·EJUKUEJGT5EJYGTVITQUEJGPQ, IGRT·IV FGU-WTHÒTUVGP(TKGFTKEJU++OKVUGKPGT)GOCJNKP /CTICTGVJCXQP5CEJUGP  /ÒP\UV·VVG%QNFKV\OKV)GIGPUVGORGNXQP'THWTV5GEJUURGKEJKIGU 4CFKPFGT0CDGGKPHÒPHUVTCJNKIGT5VGTP\YKUEJGP\YGK0CDGPGKP2WPMVPCEJFGO4CFMTCP\\WI -TWIHH-TWU[' /ÒP\GWPF)GIGPUVGORGNHCUVUGJTUEJÌP



1708





102

1707

1709

5·EJUKUEJGT 5EJYGTVITQUEJGP Q , IGRT·IV   (TKGFTKEJU ++ OKV UGKPGO $TWFGT *GT\QI   9KNJGNO+++XQP6JÒTKPIGP  /ÒP\UV·VVG(TGKDGTIOKV)GIGPUVGORGNXQP'THWTV'KPJCNDGU 4CFOKVXKGT5RGKEJGPFKG5RGKEJGTJCVPCEJWPVGPMGKPG5RKV\GI-TWI-TWU[' /ÒP\GWPF)GIGPUVGORGNUGJTUEJÌP



5·EJUKUEJGT5EJYGTVITQUEJGPQ, IGRT·IV FGU-WTHÒTUVGP(TKGFTKEJU++OKVUGKPGO$TWFGT *GT\QI 9KNJGNO +++ XQP 6JÒTKPIGP   /ÒP\UV·VVG (TGKDGTI DGKFGTUGKVU /ÒP\\GKEJGP FTGK   HCEJGU -NGGDNCVV  OKV )GIGPUVGORGN XQP 'THWTV *CNDTCF OKV XKGT 5RGKEJGP KP FGT 0CDG GKP 2WPMV   \YKUEJGPFGTFTKVVGPWPFXKGTVGP5RGKEJGGKP2WPMVI-TWI-TWU['  /ÒP\GUGJTUEJÌP)GIGPUVGORGNUGJTUEJÌP




ERFURT

1711

1710







1712

5·EJUKUEJGT5EJYGTVITQUEJGPQ, IGRT·IV FGU-WTHÒTUVGP(TKGFTKEJU++OKVUGKPGO$TWFGT *GT\QI9KNJGNO+++XQP6JÒTKPIGP  /ÒP\UV·VVG(TGKDGTI DGKFGTUGKVU/ÒP\\GKEJGPFTGKHC EJGU -NGGDNCVV  OKV )GIGPUVGORGN XQP 'THWTV *CNDTCF OKV XKGT 5RGKEJGP KP FGT 0CDG GKP 2WPMV   \YKUEJGPFGTGTUVGPWPF\YGKVGP5RGKEJGGKP2WPMVI-TWI-TWU['  /ÒP\GHCUVUGJTUEJÌP)GIGPUVGORGNUGJTUEJÌP



5·EJUKUEJGT5EJYGTVITQUEJGPQ, IGRT·IV FGU-WTHÒTUVGP(TKGFTKEJU++FGU5CPHVOÒVKIGP XQP 5CEJUGP   /ÒP\UV·VVG .GKR\KI DGKFGTUGKVU /ÒP\\GKEJGP UGEJUUVTCJNKIGT 5VGTP  OKV   )GIGPUVGORGN XQP 'THWTV 5GEJUURGKEJKIGU 4CF KP FGT 0CDG GKP 2WPMV \YKUEJGP \YGK 5RGKEJGP GKP   2WPMVI-TWI-TWU[' /ÒP\GHCUVUGJTUEJÌP)GIGPUVGORGNUGJTUEJÌP



5·EJUKUEJGT5EJYGTVITQUEJGPQ, IGRT·IV FGU-WTHÒTUVGP(TKGFTKEJU++FGU5CPHVOÒVKIGP XQP 5CEJUGP   /ÒP\UV·VVG .GKR\KI DGKFGTUGKVU /ÒP\\GKEJGP UGEJUUVTCJNKIGT 5VGTP  OKV   )GIGPUVGORGN XQP 'THWTV 5GEJUURGKEJKIGU 4CF KP FGT 0CDG GKP 4KPI \YKUEJGP \YGK 5RGKEJGP GKP   HÒPHUVTCJNKIGT5VGTPI-TWI-TWU['  /ÒP\GHCUVUGJTUEJÌP)GIGPUVGORGNUGJTUEJÌP



1713

1714

1715



*QJNUEJGTHI8KPHÒPHURGKEJKIGO4CF.GKV\OCPPp.GXKPUQPp2QUGTP-NGVVp  8QPITÌ­VGT5GNVGPJGKV7PGFKGTV4CPFCWUDTWEJUGJTUEJÌP





*QJNUEJGTHIKPHÒPHURGKEJKIGO4CF.GKV\OCPPp.GXKPUQP+p 4 2QUGTP-NGVVp 8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV(CUVUGJTUEJÌP





'KPUGKVKIGT2HGPPKII9CRRGPQDGP'\WFGP5GKVGP.GKV\OCPP.GXKPUQP+p

4 2QUGTP-NGVV 444CPFCWUDTWEJHCUVUGJTUEJÌP



1716 1717



*QJNUEJGTHIKPHÒPHURGKEJKIGO4CF.GKV\OCPP.GXKPUQP+p 4 2QUGTP-NGVV 445GJTUEJÌP





5KNDGTOGFCKNNGQ,  XQP(#RGNN$TCMVGCVGPHÌTOKIG0CEJRT·IWPICPN·­NKEJFGT)GPGTCNXGT UCOONWPI FGU )GUCOVXGTGKPU FGT &GWVUEJGP )GUEJKEJVU WPF #NVGTVWOUXGTGKPG $GTIGT \W    $TCEJOCPUMK 'THWTVGT /GFCKNNGP 5  0CW &KG <GKV FGT 5VCWHGT  \W  5NI $QPJQHH \W   5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV\W5NI.ÌDDGEMG\W 5VGORGNINCP\

 103


FRANKFURT

1718 2:1

(#.-'056'+0

)4#(5%*#(6 

$WTMJCTF++$TCMVGCV'TOUNGDGPI(CNMGUVGJVNCWH(GNUGPWOJGT9GKPTCPMGP $GTIGT0CW &KG<GKVFGT5VCWHGT 5NI$QPJQHHp5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKVp5NI.ÌDDGEMG 8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV8QT\ÒINKEJ 

1720

1719



$TCMVGCV'TOUNGDGPI%+%(+6#5$14*%(CNMGUVGJVTCWH2CNOGVVGWPVGP\YGKMNGKPG6ÒTOG OKV -TGW\ CWH /CWGT KO (GNF \YGK 3WCFTCVMTGW\G $GTIGT  0CW &KG <GKV FGT 5VCWHGT  p   5NI$QPJQHHp5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKVp5NI.ÌDDGEMG 8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV5GJTUEJÌP 



$TCMVGCV'TOUNGDGPI%+%(+6#5$14*%(CNMGUVGJVTCWH2CNOGVVGWPVGP\YGKMNGKPG6ÒTOGOKV -TGW\CWH/CWGT$GTIGT0CW &KG<GKVFGT5VCWHGT 5NI$QPJQHHp5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKVp 5NI.ÌDDGEMG 44-N6WUEJG\KHHGTCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVGUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



1721

4'+%*5/ª0<5666'

(4#0-(746

 JKGNV -CTN FGT )TQ­G   UGKPG DGTÒJOVG 4GKEJUU[PQFG XQP (TCPMHWTV CD CWH FGT FKG   -CTQNKPIKUEJG/ÒP\TGHQTOJÌEJUVYCJTUEJGKPNKEJKJTGP#PHCPIPCJO8QPFKGUGO&CVWOCPDKU\WO ,CJTNCUUGPUKEJGVYC-ÌPKIUDGUWEJGHÒT(TCPMHWTVDGNGIGPYGNEJGFKGITQ­G$GFGWVWPIFGU 1TVGUHÒTFCUFGWVUEJG-ÌPKIVWOFGU(TÒJWPF*QEJOKVVGNCNVGTUCPUEJCWNKEJXQT#WIGPHÒJTGP(ÒTFKG 5VCWHGTMCKUGT YCT (TCPMHWTV GKPGT FGT YKEJVKIUVGP #WHGPVJCNVUQTVG KO 4JGKP/CKP)GDKGV &KG UVCTMG   $GCPURTWEJWPI FGT (TCPMHWTVGT 2HCN\ FWTEJ FCU -ÌPKIVWO UGV\VG GKPG UQNKFG YKTVUEJCHVNKEJG )TWPFNCIG   XQTCWUFKGUKEJWPVGTFGP5VCWHGTPCWEJKPGKPGTDGGKPFTWEMGPFGP/ÒP\RT·IWPIOCPKHGUVKGTV7O YKTF GTUVOCNU FKG (TCPMHWTVGT /GUUG GTY·JPV WPF KO UQIGPCPPVGP 4GKEJUUVGWGTXGT\GKEJPKU XQP    \CJNVG(TCPMHWTVOKV/CTML·JTNKEJFGPJÌEJUVGP$GVTCICNNGTFQTVXGT\GKEJPGVGP5V·FVG 

104

7O$TCMVGCVI)GMTÌPVGU$TWUVDKNFXXOKV.KNKGWPF4GKEJUCRHGNÒDGT)KVVGTDQIGP $GTIGT*·XGTPKEM5NI$QPJQHH FQTVWPVGT-QPTCFKP   -N5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­UQPUVCVVTCMVKXGUHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT




GITTELDE

1723

1722

#$6'+ 

*GKPTKEJ +8 XQP 'TVJCN  $TCMVGCV  I #DV UKV\V X X OKV 2CNO\YGKI WPF $WEJ KP   8KGTRC­$GTIGT5NI$QPJQHH *GTTNKEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ

#$6'+ 

(7.&# 

)#0&'45*'+/

#PQP[O  ,CJTJWPFGTV $TCMVGCV  I DVKUUKP UKV\V X X OKV .KNKGPUVCD WPF XQT FKG $TWUV   IGJCNVGPGT.KPMGPCWHGKPGT.GKUVG\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP0QPPGPDTWUVDKNF ! 8INFGP-QOOGPVCTDGK /GJN3WGFNKPDWTI5 8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV-N6WUEJG\KHHGTUGJTUEJÌP



'KPGIGPCWG<WYGKUWPIFKGUGU6[RUKUVDKUNCPIPKEJVIGNWPIGP&KGXGTUEJNGKGTVG2GTUQPDGKFGTGUUKEJYQJNWO GKPGDVKUUKPJCPFGNVUEJGKPVCWHFGO-QRHGKPGFTGK\CEMKIG-TQPG\WVTCIGP&CFGT5VKNPKEJVPCEJ3WGFNKPDWTI RCUUVUEJNWI//GJNGKPG8GTQTVWPIKP)CPFGTUJGKOXQTCNUGKP\KIG(TCWGPCDVGKKO0QTFGP&GWVUEJNCPFU

1724

)+66'.&' '4<$+5%*¤(.+%*/#)&'$74)+5%*'/ª0<5666' 

#PQP[O &GPCT WO   I -QRH X X-TGW\ OKV CWHIGNGIVGO -TWOOUVCD KP \YGK   9KPMGNP5[ODQNG #NRJCWPF1OGIC! &CPPGPDGTI/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT  5GJTUEJÌP



1725



&GPCT WO   I -QRH GKPGU *GKNKIGP X X-TGW\ KP FGP 9KPMGNP 1  #  &  1   &CPPGPDGTIC/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT  2T·IGUEJY·EJGUGJTUEJÌP



1726



&GPCT WO   I -QRH GKPGU *GKNKIGP X X-TGW\ KP FGP 9KPMGNP 1  #  1  &   &CPPGPDGTIC/GJN )GYGNNVMN5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTCO4CPFUEJÌP



'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI-GPPGRQJN#WMVKQP(TKV\4WFQNH-ÒPMGT1UPCDTÒEM0T

105


GITTELDE

1727



&GPCT  I *+4 5=6'+& 6' $+5?%12 $TWUVDKNF N OKV -TWOOUVCD= +'.+?6+5 =2'0+0)?   $TGKVGUXQP2GTNGPGKPIGHCUUVGU-TGW\KPFGP9KPMGNP1616&CPPGPDGTI/GJN  442T·IGUEJY·EJGUGJTUEJÌP

$GUQPFGTU DGOGTMGPUYGTV DGK FGP /ÒP\GP FGU 6[RU /GJN   WPF  KUV FKG PKGFGTFGWVUEJG 7OUEJTKHV CP   UVGNNG GKPGT NCVGKPKUEJGP .GIGPFG 5Q YKTF GKPGTUGKVU FGT 2T·IGJGTT OKV *+4 56'+6 6' $+5%12 *KGT UVGJV FGT   $KUEJQH WPFCPFGTGTUGKVUFKG2T·IGUV·VVGOKV+'.+6*+52'00+0) )KVVGNFGT2HGPPKI CPIGIGDGP



1728



&GPCTI$TWUVDKNFNOKV-TWOOUVCD$·TVKIGU$TWUVDKNFJCNDNOKV-TGW\UVCD&CPPGPDGTI /GJN 44#WUFTWEMUXQNNGU2QTVT·VFWPMNG2CVKPCFG\GPVTKGTVWPFMN5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­XQT\ÒINKEJ

'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPIFG9KV#WMVKQP(TKV\4WFQNH-ÒPMGT1UPCDTÒEM0T



1729



*CTVYKI&GPCT)GOGKPUEJCHVURT·IWPIOKV8QIV&KGVTKEJ+++XQP-CVNGPDWTI  I %85 #$ $TWUVDKNF FGU 8QIVGU X X OKV 5EJYGTV WPF \WO )GUKEJV GTJQDGPGT .KPMGP    #*'&)&TGKVÒTOKIGU6QTIGD·WFG&CPPGPDGTI/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT 5NI$QPJQHH 8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV-N2T·IGUEJY·EJGCO4CPFUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI-GPPGRQJN#WMVKQP(TKV\4WFQNH-ÒPMGT1UPCDTÒEM0T

1730



&GPCT )GOGKPUEJCHVURT·IWPI OKV 8QIV &KGVTKEJ +++ XQP -CVNGPDWTI   I = 6?*    ='&'4+?%85 #& $TWUVDKNF FGU 8QIVGU X X OKV 5EJYGTV WPF \WO )GUKEJV GTJQDGPGT .KPMGP   = #*468?+%*'&)&TGKVÒTOKIGU6QTIGD·WFG&CPPGPDGTI/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT   8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV#VVTCMVKXGU'ZGORNCTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ  &KGUGT&GPCTKUVGKP$GKUEJNCI\W-ÌNPXIN*·XGTPKEM

1731



106

&KGVTKEJ ++  &GPCT  I $TWUVDKNF FGU 8QIVGU X X KP FGT .KPMGP .CP\G OKV FGT   4GEJVGP CWH UKEJ \GKIGPF KO (GNF T 4KPI6WTOIGD·WFG KP /CWGTTKPI QDGP \W FGP 5GKVGP LG GKP   4KPI/GJN0/ FKGU'ZGORNCT  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV5GJTUEJÌP




GOSLAR

1732

)15.#4 1661#&'.*'+&2('00+)'4#7/7/)15.#4 

1VVQ#FGNJGKF2HGPPKIWOI&+)4# 4':#/'0-TGW\KPFGP9KPMGNP1661 #6*#.*'6*QN\MKTEJGFCTKPCWUHÒPH-WIGNPIGDKNFGVGU-TGW\NKO(GNF-WIGN*CV\6[R++D 5GNVGPG8CTKCPVG.GKEJVIGYGNNVWPF2T·IGUEJY·EJGUGJTUEJÌP



1733



1VVQ#FGNJGKF2HGPPKIWOI&+)4# 4':#/'0-TGW\KPFGP9KPMGNP1661 #6*#.*'6*QN\MKTEJGFCTKPCWUHÒPH-WIGNPIGDKNFGVGU-TGW\*CV\6[R++E  .GKEJVIGYGNNVWPF2T·IGUEJY·EJGUGJTUEJÌP



1734



1VVQ#FGNJGKF2HGPPKI WO   I &+ )4#  4': -TGW\ KP FGP 9KPMGNP 1  &  &  1   #6'#*.*6*QN\MKTEJG*CV\6[R+++F 5GJTUEJÌP

1735

1736

1735



1736



1VVQ#FGNJGKF2HGPPKI WO   I &+ )4#  4': -TGW\ KP FGP 9KPMGNP 1  &  &  1   #6'#*.*6*QN\MKTEJGFCTKPYCCIGTGEJVG.KPKGP*CV\6[R+++C 5GJTUEJÌP





1VVQ#FGNJGKF2HGPPKI WO   I &+ )4#  4': -TGW\ KP FGP 9KPMGNP 1  &  &  1   #6'#*.*6*QN\MKTEJGFCTKPYCCIGTGEJVG.KPKGPWPFGKPG-WIGN*CV\6[R+++ 5GJTUEJÌP



1737



1VVQ#FGNJGKF2HGPPKI WO   I &+ )4#  4': -TGW\ KP FGP 9KPMGNP 1  &  &  1   #6'#*.*6*QN\MKTEJGFCTKPYCCIGTGEJVG.KPKGPWPFGKPG-WIGN*CV\6[R+++C  .GKEJVIGYGNNVUGJTUEJÌP

 107


HALBERSTADT

1738



1VVQ#FGNJGKF2HGPPKI WO   I &+ )4#  4': -TGW\ KP FGP 9KPMGNP 1  &  &  1   #6'#*.*6*QN\MKTEJGFCTKPYCCIGTGEJVG.KPKGPWPFGKPG-WIGN*CV\6[R+++C 5GJTUEJÌP



1739



1VVQ#FGNJGKF2HGPPKI WO   I &+ )4#  4': -TGW\ KP FGP 9KPMGNP 1  &  &  1   #6'#*.*6*QN\MKTEJGFCTKPYCCIGTGEJVG.KPKGPWPFGKPG-WIGN*CV\6[R+++C  #VVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCTOKVJÒDUEJGT2CVKPC



1740



1VVQ#FGNJGKF2HGPPKI WO   I &+ )4#  4': -TGW\ KP FGP 9KPMGNP 1  &  &  1   #6'#*.*6*QN\MKTEJGFCTKPYCCIGTGEJVG.KPKGPWPFGKPG-WIGN*CV\6[R+++C  4ÒEMUGKVGFG\GPVTKGTVUGJTUEJÌP



1741



1VVQ#FGNJGKF2HGPPKI WO   I &+ )4#  4': -TGW\ KP FGP 9KPMGNP 1  &  &  1   #6'#*.*6 *QN\MKTEJG FCTKP -GKN CWU FTGK FWTEJ .KPKGP XGTDWPFGPGP -WIGNP *CV\ 6[R +++  C   5GNVGPG8CTKCPVG'VYCUIGYGNNVUGJTUEJÌP



1742

*#.$'456#&6 4'+%*5/ª0<5666' 

108

*GKPTKEJ+++&GPCT PCEJ I= *'+04+?%85+/2)GMTÌPVGTD·TVKIGT -QRH X X= 55 56'2?*#08=5? <YGKVÒTOKIGU -KTEJGPIGD·WFG FCTKP D·TVKIGT -QRH X X $GUUGT   $T·OGT$ÒTIGT FQTVWPVGT*GKPTKEJ+8 &CPPGPDGTI FQTVWPVGT*GKPTKEJ+8 -NWIG 442T·IGUEJY·EJGCO4CPFUGJTUEJÌP




HALBERSTADT

1743

$+567/ /KUUKQPUDGOÒJWPIGPWOFCU)GDKGV*CNDGTUVCFVUICDGUDGTGKVUWPVGT-CTNFGO)TQ­GP  *KGT UGV\VGUKEJXQTCNNGO$KUEJQH*KNFGITKOXQP%J³NQPUUWT/CTPGHÒTFKG$GMGJTWPIFGUPÌTFNKEJGP*CT\ XQTNCPFGUGKP(QTOGNNYWTFGFCU$KUVWO*CNDGTUVCFVKO,CJTGFWTEJ.WFYKIFGP(TQOOGP    CNU 5WHHTCICP FGU'T\DKUVWOU/CKP\IGITÒPFGV7PVGTFGP1VVQPGPGTNGDVGFCU$KUVWOGKPGP#WH UEJYWPICWEJYGPPGUÌUVNKEJG6GKNGUGKPGU)GDKGVGUWPVGT$KUEJQH*KNFGYCTF  CP/CIFGDWTI CDVTGVGPOWUUVGGTJKGNV*CNDGTUVCFVFCU/CTMV/ÒP\WPF<QNNTGEJVFWTEJ-CKUGT1VVQ+++   7PVGT$KUEJQH$WTEJCTF++  YWTFGFGP*CNDGTUV·FVGT-CWHNGWVGP\WFGO<QNNHTGKJGKV CWH CNNGP MÌPKINKEJGP /·TMVGP IGY·JTV YCU FGP *CPFGN CWHDNÒJGP NKG­  GTNGDVG *CNDGTUVCFV GKPG   8GTYÒUVWPIFWTEJFKG6TWRRGP*GKPTKEJU+8  FC$WTEJCTFUKEJCPFGTU·EJUKUEJGP1RRQUK VKQPIGIGPFGP5CNKGTDGVGKNKIVJCVVG&WTEJFKG %QPHQGFGTCVKQEWORTKPEKRKDWUGEENGUKCUVKEKU ō$ÒPFPKU OKV FGP (ÒTUVGP FGT -KTEJGŋ  -CKUGT (TKGFTKEJU ++  XQO#RTKNYWTFGWC FGP $KUEJÌHGP XQP *CNDGTUVCFV UEJNKG­NKEJ FKG TGKEJUTGEJVNKEJG #PGTMGPPWPI KJTGT .CPFGUJQJGKV \WVGKN   7PVGT $KUEJQH#NDTGEJV+  YWTFGGKPGDGYWUUVG6GTTKVQTKCNGTYGKVGTWPIDGIQPPGPKPFGTGP 8GTNCWH#UEJGTUNGDGPGTYQTDGPYGTFGPMQPPVG7PVGTUGKPGO0CEJHQNIGT#NDTGEJV++   YWTFGP  FKG 5EJNÌUUGT (CNMGPUVGKP WPF 'TOUNGDGP FGO $KUVWO JKP\WIGHÒIV 8QP  DKU    GTJKGNV *CNDGTUVCFV FKG 8QIVGK ÒDGT 3WGFNKPDWTI /KV FGO DGPCEJDCTVGP 'T\DKUVWO /CIFGDWTI IKPI   *CNDGTUVCFV  GKPG 2GTUQPCNWPKQP GKP  $KU \WO 'PFG FGU /KVVGNCNVGTU ICD GU UVGVU 5RCPPWPIGP KP   *CNDGTUVCFVFCFKGDGPCEJDCTVGP#FGNUHCOKNKGPFGT9GNHGP#UMCPKGTWPF9GVVKPIGTXGTUWEJVGP(COKNKGP OKVINKGFGT KP FCU -CRKVGN QFGT FGP $KUEJQHUUKV\ GKP\WUGV\GP &WTEJ FKG CPJCNVGPFG )GNFPQV KO    ,JIKPIGP6GKNGFGU$KUVWOUFWTEJ6GTTKVQTKCNXGTRH·PFWPIGPYKGFGTXGTNQTGP   $WTEJCTF++XQP8GNVJGKO IGPCPPV$WEEQ   



'TYWTFGWOIGDQTGPWPFYCTFGT0GHHG'T\DKUEJQH#PPQU++XQP-ÌNP  YWTFG GT XQP *GKPTKEJ +8   CNU $KUEJQH XQP *CNDGTUVCFV KPXGUVKGTV 1UVGTP  GORHKPI GT FGP   MÌPKINKEJGP*QHKP*CNDGTUVCFVOWUUVGLGFQEJMWT\FCTCWHFKG<GTUVÌTWPIFGU&QOUFWTEJGKPGP$TCPF OKVGTNGDGP 1DYQJN GT CPHCPIUFKG)WPUVFGU5CNKGTMCKUGTUIGPQUUUEJNQUUGTUKEJFGO#WHUVCPF U·EJUKUEJGT )TQ­GT CP WPF MCO FCDGK KP -QPVCMV OKV FGO 4GHQTORCRUV )TGIQT 8++   +O   1MVQDGT  OWUUVG GT UKEJ FGO UKGITGKEJGP -ÌPKI WPVGTYGTHGP WPF YWTFG IGHCPIGP IGUGV\V 'KPGT   8GTDCPPWPIGPV\QIGTUKEJFWTEJ(NWEJVPCEJFGOGTYQJN\WT7PVGT\GKEJPWPIFGU#DUCIGUEJTGK DGPU *GKPTKEJU +8 CP FGP 2CRUV KP 9QTOU IG\YWPIGP YQTFGP YCT ªDGT FKG HQNIGPFGP ,CJTG FGU   +PXGUVKVWTUVTGKVU KUV YGPKI DGMCPPV OCP MCPP CDGT FCXQP CWUIGJGP FCUU UKEJ $WTEJCTF KO .CIGT FGT   )GIPGTFGU5CNKGTUDGHCPFYQXQPCWEJGKPG7TMWPFGFGU)GIGPMÌPKIU*GTOCPPXQP5CNO   <GWIPKU CDNGIV +P YGEJUGNPFG #WUGKPCPFGTUGV\WPIGP XGTYKEMGNV YWTFG $WTEJCTF CO  DGK   GKPGO #WHTWJT UEJYGT XGTNGV\V PCEJ +NUGPDWTI IGDTCEJV YQ GT CO FCTCWHHQNIGPFGP 6CI XGTUVCTD WPF   DGKIGUGV\V YWTFG 5GKPG 2GTUÌPNKEJMGKV KUV DKU JGWVG HÒT FKG *KUVQTKMGT T·VUGNJCHV IGDNKGDGP FC FKG   5EJTKHV\GWIPKUUGUR·TNKEJUKPF &GPCT  I = *'+04+%85 +/? <YGKVÒTOKIGU 2QTVCN FCTKP $TWUVDKNF X X *=#.8'?56+&+   -TGW\KPFGP9KPMGNP$8%1%$GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT&CPPGPDGTI-NWIG  445EJTÌVNKPIUTK­HCUVUGJTUEJÌP



1744



1VVQXQP5EJMGWFKV\ &ÒPPRHGPPKII51614'-TGW\CWU\YGK.KPKGPKPFGP9KPMGNWPFKO<GPVTWOLGGKP-TGW\ -KTEJGPIGD·WFG$GTIGTXIN$GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGTXIN *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP



&KG <WYGKUWPI FGU XQTNKGIGPFGP 6[RU KUV PKEJV IGUKEJGTV JPNKEJG &ÒPPRHGPPKIG YWTFGP PCEJ $GUUGT$T·OGT    $ÒTIGTWPVGTFGP$KUEJÌHGP4GKPJCTFXQP$NCPMGPDWTI  1VVQXQP5EJMGWFKV\  WPF4WFQNH+ XQP5EJNCFGP  IGRT·IV&KG7OUEJTKHVMÌPPVGGKPXGTDCNNJQTPVGU1661'2+5%1285FCTUVGNNGPYGUJCND YKTWPUCPFKGUGT5VGNNGHÒT1VVQXQP5EJMGWFKV\GPVUEJKGFGPJCDGP

109


HALBERSTADT

1746

1745

4WFQNH+XQP5EJNCFGP 

$TCMVGCV  I 42+%5'86/8)# $TWUVDKNF FGU $KUEJQHU X X OKV -TWOOUVCD WPVGT 6QTDQIGPOKV FTGK6ÒTOGPNKO(GNF4KPI$GTIGT$GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT FKGU'ZGORNCT   8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV8QT\ÒINKEJGU2TCEJVGZGORNCT



$GOGTMGPUYGTVKUVFKGJPNKEJMGKVFGUXQTNKGIGPFGP6[RU\W$TCMVGCVGP)TCH$WTMJCTFU++XQP(CNMGPUVGKP    CWU FGT /ÒP\UV·VVG 'TOUNGDGP $GTIGT   'U YWTFG NGFKINKEJ FCU $KNF GKPGU MNGKPGP (CNMGP FWTEJ   FCUFGU*GKNKIGPWPVGTFGO6QTDQIGPGTUGV\V5GNDUVFKG7OUEJTKHVKUVIGVTGWNKEJMQRKGTVYQTFGP



$TCMVGCV  I 56'  Q  2*#085 &GT JGKNKIG 5VGRJCP UVGJV X X OKV CWHIGUEJNCIGPGO $WEJ WPF   GTJQDGPGT4GEJVGP\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP2CNO\YGKI$GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT FKGU'ZGORNCT   8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV9KP\5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­XQT\ÒINKEJ



1747



$TCMVGCV  I &GT $KUEJQHOKV-TWOOUVCDWPFFGTJGKNKIG5VGRJCPUVGJGPPGDGPGKPCPFGTXXOKV GTJQDGPGP*·PFGP$GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGTp 8QPITÌ­VGT5GNVGPJGKV-N4CPFCWUDTWEJXQT\ÒINKEJ 7NTKEJXQP4GKPUVGKP







7NTKEJKUVUGKVKP*CNDGTUVCFVCNU2TQRUV7PUGTGT.KGDGP(TCWGPWPF&QOJGTTDG\GWIV#NU$KUEJQH OWUUVG GT UKEJ XQT CNNGO IGIGP FKG VGTTKVQTKCNGP #PURTÒEJG FCU U·EJUKUEJGP *GT\QIU *GKPTKEJU FGU   .ÌYGPFWTEJUGV\GPYGKIGTVGGTUKEJCO+VCNKGP\WI-CKUGT(TKGFTKEJU+ō$CTDCTQUUCŋ   VGKN\WPGJOGPYQTCWHKJODKUFKG4GKEJUNGJGPGPV\QIGPYWTFGPYWTFGGTCNU#PJ·PIGT2CRUV #NGZCPFGTU +++   CDIGUGV\V WPF MWT\HTKUVKI FWTEJ )GTQ XQP 5EJGTODMG   GTUGV\V   0CEJ FGT #WUUÌJPWPI OKV FGO -CKUGT DGYKTMVG #NGZCPFGT +++ FKG 4GUVKVWVKQP 7NTKEJU FGT CNNG FWTEJ   )GTQGTHQNIVGP9GKJGPHÒTWPIÒNVKIGTMN·TVG#NUGTCWEJFKGFWTEJ)GTQCP*GKPTKEJFGP.ÌYGPÒDGT VTCIGPGP .GJGP \WTÒEMHQTFGTVG YWTFG *CNDGTUVCFV  XQP FGP 6TWRRGP FGU *GT\QIU PKGFGTIGDTCPPV   WPF7NTKEJIGHCPIGPIGPQOOGP'TUVCTDCOKP(TGKJGKVWPFFGO$GOÒJGPFKGYKTVUEJCHVNKEJG /CEJVFGU$KUVWOUYKGFGT\WHGUVKIGP

1748



$TCMVGCVI$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP5VGRJCPXXOKV2CNO\YGKIWPFUGIPGPFGT4GEJVGPWPVGT6QT IGD·WFGOKVFTGK6ÒTOGP$GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGTp  8QPITÌ­VGT5GNVGPJGKV9CJTUEJGKPNKEJWPGFKGTV5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ &KG <WYGKUWPI FGU XQTNKGIGPFGP 6[RU KUV PKEJV IGUKEJGTV 5VKNKUVKUEJ UEJGKPV GTKPFKGªDGTICPIU\GKVXQP4WFQNH+ XQP 5EJNCFGP   \W 7NTKEJ XQP 4GKPUVGKP  WPF   \W IGJÌTGP XIN $GUUGT$T·OGT   $ÒTIGTWPF 

110




HALBERSTADT

1749



&ÒPPRHGPPKII5#0*'&GTJGKNKIG5VGRJCPMPKGVPCEJTOKVCWUIGDTGKVGVGP#TOGP$TWUVDKNF FGU$KUEJQHUXXKP(GNFT5VGTP$GTIGT$GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV 442T·IGUEJY·EJGUGJTUEJÌP

1750







1751

$TCMVGCV  I 5581# &GT JGKNKIG 5VGRJCP UKV\V X X OKV -TWOOUVCD WPF $WEJ T KO (GNF   HÒPH5VGKPGKP-TGW\HQTO$GTIGT$GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT5NI$QPJQHH5NI.ÌDDGEMG 5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



$TCMVGCV  I =5#0%?685 56'2*#085 &GT JGKNKIG 5VGRJCP MPKGV T XQT KJO FKG *CPF )QVVGU   ÒDGT FGT *CPF GKP 5VGTP JKPVGT KJO HÒPH 5VGKPG FGU /CTV[TKWOU KO (GNF 1&#.4+% $GTIGT    $GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT0CW &KG<GKVFGT5VCWHGT 5NI$QPJQHH5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP \GKV5NI.ÌDDGEMG &WPMNG2CVKPCMN2T·IGUEJY·EJGCO4CPFXQT\ÒINKEJ



1752

1753



$TCMVGCVI 56'2*#085 19=&#.4+%85?'2%$KUEJQHOKV-TWOOUVCDMPKGVNXQTKJOFGT JGKNKIG 5VGRJCP OKV $WEJ 5 KO (GNF $GTIGT  $GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT  0CW &KG <GKV FGT   5VCWHGT 5NI$QPJQHH5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5NI.ÌDDGEMG  'VYCUMPCRRGT5EJTÌVNKPIUQPUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZORNCTOKVUEJÌPGT2CVKPC 



$TCMVGCVI5556'2*#0852416*1/#46+4&GTJGKNKIG5VGRJCPOKVCWUIGDTGKVGVGP #TOGP PCEJ T PKGFGTUKPMGPF XQT KJO FKG *CPF )QVVGU N KO (GNF -PQVGP $GTIGT    $GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT0CW &KG<GKVFGT5VCWHGT 5NI$QPJQHH5NI.ÌDDGEMG 448QT\ÒINKEJGU2TCEJVGZGORNCTOKVJGTTNKEJGT2CVKPC  111


HALBERSTADT

1755

1754





$TCMVGCVI5556'2*#0852416*1/#46+4&GTJGKNKIG5VGRJCPOKVCWUIGDTGKVGVGP #TOGP PCEJ T PKGFGTUKPMGPF XQT KJO FKG *CPF )QVVGU N KO (GNF -PQVGP $GTIGT  $GUUGT   $T·OGT$ÒTIGT0CW &KG<GKVFGT5VCWHGT 5NI$QPJQHH5NI.ÌDDGEMG  44*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCYKP\5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­CO4CPFUQPUVUGJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCVI5556'*#2852<YGK,WFGPOKVURKV\GP*ÒVGPNUVGKPKIGPFGPOKVCWUIGDTGKVGVGP #TOGP PCEJ T PKGFGTUKPMGPFGP JGKNKIGP 5VGRJCP ÒDGT KJO FKG *CPF )QVVGU KO (GNF 216*10#   $GTIGT$GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5NI.ÌDDGEMG  8QPITÌ­VGT5GNVGPJGKV8QT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCTOKVHGKPGT6ÌPWPI 

1757

1756



$TCMVGCVI8KGT/·PPGTUVGKPKIGPFGPOKVCWUIGDTGKVGVGP#TOGPPCEJTPKGFGTUKPMGPFGPJGKNKIGP 5VGRJCPÒDGTKJOFKG5QPPGKO(GNF5%556*2#0$GTIGT$GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT 0CW &KG<GKVFGT5VCWHGT 5NI$QPJQHH5NI.ÌDDGEMG  8QPITÌ­VGT5GNVGPJGKV*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCMN4CPFCWUDTÒEJGXQT\ÒINKEJ 



$TCMVGCVI&GTJGKNKIG5VGRJCPWPFFGT'T\DKUEJQHOKV-TWOOUVCDUKV\GPGKPCPFGT\WIGYCPFVCWH $CPMQDGP*CPF)QVVGU$GTIGT$GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKVDGMCPPVGU'ZGORNCT'VYCUFG\GPVTKGTVWPF2T·IGUEJY·EJGUGJTUEJÌP



1758



$TCMVGCVI18&#.4+%85Û'Û5Û56'2*#085&GTJGKNKIG5VGRJCPUVGJVNCPGKPGO.GUGRWNV OKV CWHIGUEJNCIGPGO $WEJ ÒDGT KJO FKG *CPF )QVVGU JKPVGT KJO FKG 5VGKPG FGU /CTV[TKWOU WPF XQT   KJOFGT$KUEJQHOKV-TWOOUVCD$GTIGTp$GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGTp5NI$QPJQHHp5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKVp 5NI.ÌDDGEMGp 8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV9CJTUEJGKPNKEJDGMCPPVGU'ZGORNCT8QT\ÒINKEJ  'ZGORNCTFGT#WMVKQP(TKV\4WFQNH-ÒPMGT1UPCDTÒEM0T  &CU XQTNKGIGPFG 'ZGORNCT KUV DGK $GTIGT WPF $GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT PKEJV XGT\GKEJPGV &KG 7OUEJTKHV 18&#.   4+%85 ' 5 56'2*#085N·UUVCWHGKPG*CNDGTUV·FVGT2T·IWPIWPVGT$KUEJQH7NTKEJXQP4GKPUVGKPUEJNKG­GP&GT 6[RVCWEJVDGK,).GWEMHGNF  WPVGTh 6CD+0T WPFKO-CVCNQIFGU/ÒP\MCDKPGVVUFGT5VCFVDKDNKQ VJGM.GKR\KI 0T CWH&GTRCRUVVTGWG$KUEJQH7NTKEJXQP4GKPUVGKPIGTKGVKPFKG#WUGKPCPFGTUGV\WPIGP \YKUEJGP-CKUGT(TKGFTKEJ+$CTDCTQUUC  WPF2CRUV#NGZCPFGT+++  'TYWTFGUGKPGU #OVGUGPVJQDGPWPFFWTEJ)GTQXQP5EJGTODMGGTUGV\V'TUVPCEJFGT#WUUÌJPWPI\YKUEJGP-CKUGTWPF2CRUVKO ,CJTGMQPPVGGTKPUGKP$KUVWO\WTÒEMMGJTGP

112


HALBERSTADT

1759

1760

)GTQXQP5EJGTODMG 

$TCMVGCV  I &KG $ÒUVGP FGU $KUEJQHU WPF FGU JGKNKIGP 5VGRJCP GKPCPFGT \WIGYCPFV WPVGT \YGK   /CWGTDÌIGP $GTIGT  XCT $GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT  5NI $QPJQHH  FKGU 'ZGORNCT    5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKVp5NI.ÌDDGEMG 5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPIFG9KV#WMVKQP(TKV\4WFQNH-ÒPMGT1UPCDTÒEM0T



$TCMVGCVI&KG$ÒUVGPFGU$KUEJQHUOKV-TWOOUVCDWPFFGUJGKNKIGP5VGRJCPOKV$WEJGKPCPFGT \WIGYCPFVWPVGT\YGK/CWGTDÌIGP$GTIGT$GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT5NI.ÌDDGEMG  -N4CPFCDDTWEJUQPUVXQT\ÒINKEJ

1761







1762

$TCMVGCV  I $ÒUVG FGU JGKNKIGP 5VGRJCP X X OKV GTJQDGPGP *·PFGP ÒDGT /CWGTDQIGP \YKUEJGP   \YGK 6ÒTOGP KO $QIGP $ÒUVG FGU $KUEJQHU OKV -TWOOUVCD WPF $WEJ KO (GNF -WIGNP WPF -PQVGP   $GTIGT  $GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT  0CW &KG <GKV FGT 5VCWHGT   5NI $QPJQHH    5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5NI.ÌDDGEMG *GTTNKEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ



$TCMVGCV  I $ÒUVG FGU JGKNKIGP 5VGRJCP X X OKV GTJQDGPGP *·PFGP ÒDGT /CWGTDQIGP \YKUEJGP   \YGK 6ÒTOGP KO $QIGP $ÒUVG FGU $KUEJQHU OKV -TWOOUVCD WPF $WEJ KO (GNF -WIGNP WPF -PQVGP   $GTIGT  $GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT  0CW &KG <GKV FGT 5VCWHGT   5NI $QPJQHH    5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5NI.ÌDDGEMG 5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



1763





1764

$TCMVGCV  I $ÒUVG FGU JGKNKIGP 5VGRJCP X X OKV GTJQDGPGP *·PFGP ÒDGT /CWGTDQIGP \YKUEJGP   \YGK 6ÒTOGP KO $QIGP $ÒUVG FGU $KUEJQHU OKV -TWOOUVCD WPF $WEJ $GTIGT  $GUUGT   $T·OGT$ÒTIGT5NI$QPJQHH5NI.ÌDDGEMG  8CTKCPVGQJPG-WIGNPWPF-PQVGPKO(GNF8QT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCTOKVJÒDUEJGT2CVKPC



$TCMVGCVI5%556'2#085241/#46+4$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP5VGRJCPXX\YKUEJGP\YGK 6ÒTOGP CWH 6QT FCU GDGPHCNNU XQP \YGK 6ÒTOGP HNCPMKGTV KUV FCTKP $TWUVDKNF FGU $KUEJQHU X X   OKV -TWOOUVCD WPF 2CNO\YGKI $GTIGT  $GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT  5NI $QPJQHH    5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5NI.ÌDDGEMG (CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ

 113


HALBERSTADT

1765





$TCMVGCV  I +84&%840< 1 ++ &%046&5'1 $TWUVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP 5VGRJCP X X \YKUEJGP   \YGK 6ÒTOGP CWH 6QT FCU GDGPHCNNU XQP \YGK 6ÒTOGP HNCPMKGTV KUV FCTKP $TWUVDKNF FGU $KUEJQHU X X   OKV -TWOOUVCD WPF 2CNO\YGKI $GTIGT  $GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT  5NI $QPJQHH    5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5NI.ÌDDGEMG -N4CPFCWUDTWEJHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



$TCMVGCV  I 55 56'2*#085 2416 &GT JGKNKIG 5VGRJCP NKGIV XQP PGWP 5VGKPGP DGFGEMV WPVGT   GKPGODGUEJTKHVGVGP$QIGPFCTÒDGTJCNVGP\YGK'PIGNGKP/GFCKNNQPFGU*GKNKIGP$GTIGT$GUUGT $T·OGT$ÒTIGT0CW &KG<GKVFGT5VCWHGT 5NI$QPJQHH5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV 5NI.ÌDDGEMG 8QT\ÒINKEJGU2TCEJVGZGORNCTOKVJÒDUEJGT2CVKPC



1767







114

1768

$TCMVGCV  I 55 56'2*#  085 2416* &GT JGKNKIG 5VGRJCP UKV\V X X OKV CWUIGDTGKVGVGP   #TOGP$GTIGT$GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT0CW &KG<GKVFGT5VCWHGT 5NI$QPJQHH 5NI.ÌDDGEMG 4(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCTOKVHGKPGT6ÌPWPI



$TCMVGCV  I 5%+565'2*#  085 24161/ &GT JGKNKIG 5VGRJCP UKV\V X X OKV GTJQDGPGP   *·PFGPCWHUGKPGP-PKGPNKGIVGKP$WEJ$GTIGT$GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT5NI$QPJQHH 5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV -N2T·IGUEJY·EJGUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



1769



1766

1770

$TCMVGCVI5%+565'2*#0852416&GTJGKNKIG5VGRJCPUKV\VXXOKVGTJQDGPGP*·PFGP CWHUGKPGP-PKGPNKGIVGKP$WEJ$GTIGT$GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT0CW &KG<GKVFGT5VCWHGT  5NI$QPJQHH5NI.ÌDDGEMG #VVTCMVKXG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



$TCMVGCV  I 5%56'20#0  +5416*8+5 &GT JGKNKIG 5VGRJCP UKV\V X X OKV CWUIGDTGKVGVGO   /CPKRGNCWHGKPGO(CNVUVWJNFGTOKV6KGTMÌRHGPXGT\KGTVKUV$GTIGT$GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT 5NI$QPJQHH5NI.ÌDDGEMG 8QT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT




HALBERSTADT

1771





1772

$TCMVGCVI5%556'2*#0854#861+&GTJGKNKIG5VGRJCPUVGJVXXOKV/CPKRGNWPF $WEJ $GTIGT  $GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT  5NI $QPJQHH  5NI *QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV    5NI.ÌDDGEMG *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



$TCMVGCVI5%556'2*#08524161/#464&GTJGKNKIG5VGRJCPUVGJVXXOKV 5VQNCWPF$WEJ$GTIGT$GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT5NI$QPJQHH5NI.ÌDDGEMG  5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



1773

1774



$TCMVGCV  I &GT JGKNKIG 5VGRJCP MPKGV T WPVGT /CWGTDQIGP WO KJP FKG 5VGKPG FGU /CTV[TKWOU   $GTIGT$GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT5NI.ÌDDGEMG 445GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





$TCMVGCV  I ++8+.  556#085 24161/#26/+ *ÒHVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP 5VGRJCP N \YKUEJGP   GKPGO 5VGTP WPF FTGK 5VGKPGP \YKUEJGP FGP *·PFGP GKP IGHÒNNVGU 3WCFTCV $GTIGT  $GUUGT   $T·OGT$ÒTIGT0CW &KG<GKVFGT5VCWHGT 5NI$QPJQHH5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV 5NI.ÌDDGEMG 8QT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCTOKVJÒDUEJGT2CVKPC



1775







1776

1777

$TCMVGCVI 5556'2*#08524161/#46+$ÒUVGFGUJGKNKIGP5VGRJCPXX\YKUEJGPFTGK 5VGKPGPWPF5VGTP$GTIGT$GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT5NI$QPJQHH5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV 5NI.ÌDDGEMG 8QT\ÒINKEJGU2TCEJVGZGORNCTOKVJGTTNKEJGT2CVKPC



$TCMVGCVI 5556'2*#08524161/#46+$ÒUVGFGUJGKNKIGP5VGRJCPXX\YKUEJGPFTGK 5VGKPGPWPF5VGTP$GTIGT$GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT5NI$QPJQHH5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV 5NI.ÌDDGEMG 8QT\ÒINKEJ



$TCMVGCV  I $ÒUVG FGU JGKNKIGP 5VGRJCP X X \YKUEJGP FTGK 5VGKPGP WPF 5VGTP $GTIGT    $GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

 115


HALBERSTADT

1779

1778





$TCMVGCV  I 55 56'2*#085 24161/#46 $ÒUVG FGU JGKNKIGP 5VGRJCP X X \YKUEJGP FTGK   5VGKPGP WPF 5VGTP $GTIGT  $GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT  0CW &KG <GKV FGT 5VCWHGT     5NI$QPJQHH5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5NI.ÌDDGEMG *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ



$TCMVGCVI 085%556#08524164/#$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP5VGRJCPXXOKVGTJQDGPGP *·PFGP $GTIGT  $GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT  5NI $QPJQHH  5NI *QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV    5NI.ÌDDGEMG *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ



1781

1780



$TCMVGCVI52%+6%+5/1'+%*%0'12*%+526+'$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP5VGRJCPXXOKV\YGK .KNKGP\GRVGTPÒDGT$QIGPOKV\YGK6ÒTOGP$GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGTp  8QPITÌ­VGT5GNVGPJGKV*ÌEJUVYCJTUEJGKPNKEJWPGFKGTV4GUVGXQP)TÒPURCPUQPUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



&KG <WYGKUWPI FGU XQTNKGIGPFGP 'ZGORNCTU KUV PKEJV IGUKEJGTV 5VKNKUVKUEJ RCUUV GU \W FGP $TCMVGCVGP )GTQU XQP   5EJGTODMG XIN$GTIGT 



$TCMVGCVI5%556'2#0852416/#46+4+85$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP5VGRJCPXXÒDGT6QT DQIGPOKV\YGK6ÒTOGPFCTWPVGT$TWUVDKNFFGU'T\DKUEJQHUXX$GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGTp XIN  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV-N5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­HCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ

1782





1783

$TCMVGCVI0852414#46+4#&GTJGKNKIG5VGRJCPMPKGVTOKVGTJQDGPGP*·PFGPHÒPH 5VGKPGNKO(GNF$GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT5NI$QPJQHH5NI.ÌDDGEMG 45GJTUEJÌP



&KGVTKEJXQP-TQUKIM 

116

$TCMVGCVI 6'1&'4+%85&'+)4#'2*ÒHVDKNFFGU$KUEJQHUXXOKV-TWOOWPF-TGW\UVCD $GTIGT$GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT FKGU'ZGORNCT 5NI.ÌDDGEMG  44-N2T·IGUEJY·EJGCO4CPFUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ




HALBERSTADT

1784



$TCMVGCVI6'1&=&'4+&'+)4#'2?'T\DKUEJQHUKV\VXXOKV-TWOOUVCDWPF$WEJCWHGKPGO (CNVUVWJNFGTOKV6KGTMÌRHGPXGT\KGTVKUV$GTIGT$GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT5NI$QPJQHH 5NI.ÌDDGEMG 442T·IGUEJY·EJGUGJTUEJÌP



1785

-QPTCFXQP-TQUKIM





-QPTCFYCTGKP8GTYCPFVGTFGU*CNDGTUV·FVGT$KUEJQHU&KGVTKEJXQP-TQUKIM  8GTOWVNKEJ CWH(ÒTURTCEJGFGU/CIFGDWTIGT'T\DKUEJQHU.WFQNHXQP-TQRRGPUVGFV  YWTFG-QPTCF\WO *CNDGTUV·FVGT $KUEJQH IGY·JNV 5GKPG #OVU\GKV YWTFG YGKVGUVIGJGPF XQO UVCWHKUEJYGNHKUEJGP 6JTQP   UVTGKV ÒDGTUEJCVVGV DGK FGO GT CPHCPIU CWH 5GKVGP FGU 5VCWHGTU 2JKNKRR XQP 5EJYCDGP UVCPF WPF FCHÒT   XQO R·RUVNKEJGP .GICVGP IGDCPPV YWTFG 8QP  PCJO -QPTCF CO 8KGTVGP -TGW\\WI VGKN WPF   DGICD UKEJ PCEJ FGT 'TQDGTWPI XQP -QPUVCPVKPQRGN PCEJ 2CN·UVKPC WO GKP )GNÒDFG \W GTHÒNNGP #WH   FKGUGT 4GKUG GTYCTD GT \CJNTGKEJG 4GNKSWKGP WPF -WPUVUEJ·V\G HÒT FKG *CNDGTUV·FVGT -KTEJG WPF YWTFG   UEJNKG­NKEJ XQO $CPP DGHTGKV 8GTUWEJG KPUDGUQPFGTG FGU /CKP\GT 'T\DKUEJQHU 5KGIHTKGF ++ XQP   'RRUVGKP   -QPTCF Y·JTGPF UGKPGT #DYGUGPJGKV KP *CNDGTUVCFV FWTEJ FCU &QOMCRKVGN   CDY·JNGP \W NCUUGP UEJGKVGTVGP CO XGJGOGPVGP 9KFGTUVCPF XQT CNNGO FGU 2TQRUVGU FGU *CNDGTUV·FVGT   .KGDHTCWGPUVKHVU )GTQNF FGP -QPTCF OKV UGKPGT 8GTVTGVWPI DGCWHVTCIV JCVVG 0CEJ FGT 'TOQTFWPI   2JKNKRRU XQP 5EJYCDGP CO  KP $CODGTI YCT -QTPCF \WT #PGTMGPPWPI FGU 9GNHGP 1VVQ +8   IG\YWPIGP NGIVG LGFQEJ MWT\ FCTCWH UGKP #OV PKGFGT WPF \QI UKEJ KP FCU <KUVGT\KGPUGTMNQUVGT   5KVVKEJGPDCEJ\WTÒEMYQGTCOXGTUVCTDWPFDGITCDGPYWTFG 

&GPCTI5%556'2*&GTJGKNKIG5VGRJCPUVGJVXXOKV2CNO\YGKIWPF-TGW\UVCD%104&8 56*#.$'$TWUVDKNFFGU$KUEJQHUTWPVGTFTGKVÒTOKIGO2QTVCN$GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV5GJTUEJÌP

1786







1787

$TCMVGCV  I 5%5 56'  2*#085 8&GTJGKNKIG5VGRJCPUVGJVXXOKV-TGW\UVCDWPF2CNO \YGKI$GTIGT$GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT0CW &KG<GKVFGT5VCWHGT 5NI$QPJQHH 5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5NI.ÌDDGEMG  *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCTQVG6WUEJG\KHHGTCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVGHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



$TCMVGCV  I &GT JGKNKIG 5VGRJCP UKV\V X X OKV 2CNO\YGKI WPF CWHIGUEJNCIGPGO $WEJ CWH   $QIGP N KO (GNF &QRRGNTKPIGN $GTIGT  $GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT  5NI $QPJQHH    5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKVp5NI.ÌDDGEMGp 4-N2T·IGUEJY·EJGUGJTUEJÌP

 117


HALBERSTADT

1788



1789

$TCMVGCV  I &GT JGKNKIG 5VGRJCP UKV\V X X OKV 2CNO\YGKI WPF CWHIGUEJNCIGPGO $WEJ CWH   $QIGP N KO (GNF &QRRGNTKPIGN $GTIGT  $GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT  5NI $QPJQHH    5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKVp5NI.ÌDDGEMGp 45GJTUEJÌP (TKGFTKEJ++XQP-KTEJDGTI









(TKGFTKEJ GPVUVCOOVG FGO PQTFVJÒTKPIKUEJGP )GUEJNGEJV FGT )TCHGP XQP -KTEJDGTI 8QP    DGINGKVGVGGTFGP*CNDGTUV·FVGT$KUEJQH-QPTCFXQP-TQUKIM  CWHFGP8KGTVGP-TGW\\WIDGK FGO FCU EJTKUVNKEJG -QPUVCPVKPQRGN GTQDGTV WPF IGRNÒPFGTV YWTFG 0CEJFGO -QPTCF XQP UGKPGO #OV   \WTÒEMIGVTGVGPYCTYQNNVGFGT2CRUVFKG9CJN(TKGFTKEJU\WP·EJUVPKEJVCPGTMGPPGP<WCNNGOªDGTHNWUU YWTFGFKGUGTFGTCWHFGT5GKVGFGU9GNHGP1VVQ+8UVCPFCWEJPQEJGZMQOOWPK\KGTV5EJNKG­NKEJWP VGTYCTHGTUKEJFGOXQPFGTR·RUVNKEJGP2CTVGKHCXQTKUKGTVGPUVCWHKUEJGP-CPFKFCVGP(TKGFTKEJ++   WPFMQPPVGUGKPG#OVUIGYCNVKP*CNDGTUVCFVCWUÒDGP9·JTGPFUGKPGT4GIKGTWPIU\GKVYWTFGCWEJ FKG)GUVCGRKUEQRQTWO*CNDGTUVCFGPUKWOXGTHCUUV(TKGFTKEJXQP-KTEJDGTIUVCTDCO $TCMVGCV  I 5#0%  68  5=56?  ' *ÒHVDKNFGT FGU $KUEJQHU OKV -TWOOUVCD WPF FGU JGKNKIGP   5VGRJCP OKV -TGW\UVCD WPF 2CNO\YGKI ÒDGT .GKUVG QDGP 5VGTP $GTIGT  $GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT   5NI$QPJQHH FKGU'ZGORNCT 5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKVp5NI.ÌDDGEMGp  44-N2T·IGUEJY·EJGUGJTUEJÌP 'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPIFG9KV#WMVKQP(TKV\4WFQNH-ÒPMGT1UPCDTÒEM0T

1790



1791

$TCMVGCVI$TWUVDKNFFGU$KUEJQHUXX\YKUEJGP\YGK-TGW\GPWPVGT/CWGTDQIGP$GTIGT $GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT5NI$QPJQHHp5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKVp5NI.ÌDDGEMGp  45EJÌPG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ



$TCMVGCVI$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP5VGRJCPXXOKVGTJQDGPGP*·PFGPWPVGT&TGKDQIGPOKVHÒPH 6ÒTOGP$GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT FKGU'ZGORNCT  445GJTUEJÌP



'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPIFG9KV#WMVKQP(TKV\4WFQNH-ÒPMGT1UPCDTÒEM0T



1792



1793

$TCMVGCV  I 5#0%/# 'T\DKUEJQH UKV\V X X OKV GTJQDGPGP *·PFGP $GTIGT p $GUUGT   $T·OGT$ÒTIGTp5NI$QPJQHHp5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKVp5NI.ÌDDGEMGp  *ÌEJUVYCJTUEJGKPNKEJWPGFKGTV4CPFCDDTÒEJGUGJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCVI*ÒHVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP5VGRJCPXXOKV\YGK-TGW\UV·DGPWPVGT&TGKDQIGPFCTCWHFTGK 6ÒTOG$GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGTp XINWPF  45GJTUEJÌP



&KG<WYGKUWPIFGUXQTNKGIGPFGP'ZGORNCTUKUVPKEJVIGUKEJGTV'KPG&CTUVGNNWPIFGUJGKNKIGP5VGRJCPWUCNU$KUEJQH KUVWPIGYÌJPNKEJ.GKFGTIKDVFKGPWTDTWEJUVÒEMJCHV\WNGUGPFG7OUEJTKHVMGKPGYGKVGTGP+PHQTOCVKQPGPRTGKUFKG GKPGIGPCWG8GTQTVWPIFGT2T·IWPIGTNGKEJVGTPYÒTFG

 118




HALBERSTADT

1794





$TCMVGCVI$KUEJQHVJTQPVXXOKV(CJPGWPF-TWOOUVCDÒDGT/CWGTNGKUVG\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP 6WTO -NWIG $ &GT $TCMVGCVGPHWPF XQP 1UEJGTUNGDGP KP 8GTÌHHGPVNKEJWPIGP FGU 5V·FVKUEJGP   /WUGWOU *CNDGTUVCFV  0QTFJCT\GT ,CJTDWEJ $CPF :  *CNDGTUVCFV  5  0T  $GUUGT   $T·OGT$ÒTIGTp 45GJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCV  I $TWUVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP 5VGRJCP X XWPVGT6QTIGD·WFGOKV\YGK6ÒTOGP-NWIG$ &GT$TCMVGCVGPHWPFXQP1UEJGTUNGDGPKP8GTÌHHGPVNKEJWPIGPFGU5V·FVKUEJGP/WUGWOU*CNDGTUVCFV

0QTFJCT\GT,CJTDWEJ$CPF: *CNDGTUVCFV50TXCT$GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGTp  4-N4CPFCDDTWEJUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



1796





1797

$TCMVGCVI$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP5VGRJCPXXÒDGT/CWGTDTÒUVWPIOKV6QTDQIGPKPLGFGT*CPF GKP 6WTO -NWIG $ &GT $TCMVGCVGPHWPF XQP 1UEJGTUNGDGP KP 8GTÌHHGPVNKEJWPIGP FGU 5V·FVKUEJGP   /WUGWOU *CNDGTUVCFV  0QTFJCT\GT ,CJTDWEJ $CPF :  *CNDGTUVCFV  5  0T  $GUUGT  $T·OGT$ÒTIGTp 4-N5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­UGJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCV  I $TWUVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP 5VGRJCP X X OKV CWUIGDTGKVGVGP #TOGP ÒDGT $QIGP \W FGP   5GKVGPLGGKP6WTO$GTIGT$GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT5NI$QPJQHH  #VVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT



1798



1795

1799

$TCMVGCVI$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP5VGRJCPXXOKV$WEJWPF2CNO\YGKIÒDGT/CWGTDQIGPFCTKP GKP-TGW\$GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGTXIN5NI$QPJQHHXIN  7PGFKGTV-N4CPFCWUDTWEJUGJTUEJÌP .WFQNH+XQP5EJNCFGP 





'TYCTFGT5QJP)TCH*GKPTKEJU+XQP5EJNCFGPWPFYKTFGTUVOCNUCNU5WDFKCMQPKO&QOMCRKVGN GTY·JPV <YKUEJGP /·T\ WPF ,WPK  YWTFG GT \WO $KUEJQH IGY·JNV WPF CO  KP 'THWTV   FWTEJ FGP /CKP\GT 'T\DKUEJQH 5KGIHTKGF +++ XQP 'RRUVGKP   MQPUGMTKGTV 5GKPG #OVU\GKV   YWTFGXQPMTKGIGTKUEJGP#WUGKPCPFGTUGV\WPIGPOKVFGP/CTMITCHGP,QJCPP+  WPF1VVQ+++

  XQP $TCPFGPDWTI ÒDGTUEJCVVGV  IGTKGV .WFQNHKP)GHCPIGPUEJCHVWPFYWTFGGTUVPCEJ VGTTKVQTKCNGP <WIGUV·PFPKUUGP YKGFGT HTGKIGNCUUGP 'T UVCTD CO  WPF YWTFG KO *CNDGTUV·FVGT   &QODGKIGUGV\V 

$TCMVGCV  I $TWUVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP 5VGRJCP OKV \YGK &QRRGNMTGW\UV·DGP ÒDGT /CWGT $GUUGT   $T·OGT$ÒTIGT FKGU'ZGORNCT  445GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

 119


HALBERSTADT

1800

1801



$TCMVGCVI$TWUVDKNFFGU$KUEJQHUXXOKV-TWOOUVCDWPF-TGW\HCJPGÒDGT/CWGTNGKUVG\WFGP 5GKVGPLGGKP6WTO$GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT 44-N5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­UGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





$TCMVGCV  I $TWUVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP 5VGRJCP X X OKV -TGW\UVCD WPF 2CNO\YGKI ÒDGT &TGKDQIGP   FCTWPVGT 6WTO \YKUEJGP \YGK -TGW\GP \W FGP 5GKVGP FGU *GKNKIGP GDGPHCNNU LG GKP -TGW\ $GUUGT   $T·OGT$ÒTIGT 44(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



1802

1803



$TCMVGCV  I $KUEJQH UKV\V X X OKV -TWOO WPF .KNKGPUVCD $GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT  FKGU   'ZGORNCT  445GJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCV  I &GT JGKNKIG 5VGRJCP UVGJV X X OKV -TGW\UVCD WPF 2CNO\YGKI KP &TGKRC­ $GUUGT   $T·OGT$ÒTIGT FKGU'ZGORNCT  44-N2T·IGUEJY·EJGUGJTUEJÌP



1804

1805



$TCMVGCV  I $TWUVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP 5VGRJCP OKV -TGW\UVCD WPF 2CNO\YGKI ÒDGT &QRRGNDQIGP OKV   \YGK6ÒTOGP$GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT 44#VVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT





$TCMVGCV I$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP5VGRJCPOKV\YGK(CJPGPÒDGT/CWGTDQIGPOKV\YGK6ÒTOGP KO2QTVCNGKP-TGW\$GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT 448QT\ÒINKEJ



1806

1807



$TCMVGCV  I$KUEJQHUKV\VXXOKV-TWOOWPF.KNKGPUVCD\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP-TGW\UVCD QFGT 6WTO! $GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGTp XIN  44-N5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­UGJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCVI&GTJGKNKIG5VGRJCPUKV\VXXCWH$QIGP\YKUEJGP\YGKOKV.KNKGPDGUGV\VGP6ÒTOGP $GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGTXIN 7PGFKGTV5GJTUEJÌP



120


HALBERSTADT

1808

1809

/GKPJCTFXQP-TCPKEJHGNF





/GKPJCTFUVCOOVGCWUFGO)GUEJNGEJVFGT'FGNHTGKGPXQP-TCPKEJHGNFGKPGT5GKVGPNKPKGFGT)TCHGPXQP -·HGTPDWTI5EJYCT\DWTI  GTUEJGKPV GT GTUVOCNU PCOGPVNKEJ KO *CNDGTUV·FVGT &QOMCRKVGN <YK   UEJGP FGO  WPF  YWTFG GT YQJN \WO $KUEJQH IGY·JNV WPF CO  KP UGKPGO   #OVDGUV·VKIV/GKPJCTFHÒJTVGFGPXQPUGKPGO8QTI·PIGTDGIQPPGPGP-TKGIIGIGPFKG/CTMITCHGPXQP $TCPFGPDWTI HQTV WPF UEJNQUU  GKPGP (TKGFGPUXGTVTCI FGT FGO $KUVWO FKG $WTI #NXGPUNGDGP GKP   DTCEJVG 'T IGY·JTVG Y·JTGPF UGKPGT #OVU\GKV XGTUEJKGFGPG #DN·UUG W C 3WGFNKPDWTI  WPF   $TCWPUEJYGKI WPFHÌTFGTVGFKG/KUUKQPKGTWPIFGTUNCYKUEJGP$CWGTPKPFGT#NVOCTM'TVTCVCO XQPUGKPGO#OV\WTÒEMWPFUVCTDCO 



$TCMVGCVI$TWUVDKNFFGU$KUEJQHUXXOKV-TWOOUVCDWPFCWHIGUEJNCIGPGO$WEJÒDGT/CWGT DQIGP\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP6WTO$GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT FKGU'ZGORNCT   44(GKPG6ÌPWPIUGJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCVI$KUEJQHUKV\VXXOKV-TWOOWPF-TGW\UVCDCWH$QIGP$GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT

FKGU'ZGORNCT  4-N-PKEMURWTCO4CPFUGJTUEJÌP



1810



1811

$TCMVGCVI$TWUVDKNFFGU$KUEJQHUXXOKV-TWOOWPF-TGW\UVCDÒDGT$QIGP$GUUGT$T·OGT $ÒTIGT FKGU'ZGORNCT  4&WPMNG2CVKPCMN5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­CO4CPFUGJTUEJÌP



#PQP[OEC 

$TCMVGCV  I *ÒHVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP 5VGRJCPWU X X OKV GKPGO 6WTO KP LGFGT *CPF ÒDGT /CWGT   DTÒUVWPIKO2QTVCN-TGW\-NWIG$&GT$TCMVGCVGPHWPFXQP1UEJGTUNGDGPKP8GTÌHHGPVNKEJWPIGPFGU 5V·FVKUEJGP/WUGWOU*CNDGTUVCFV 0QTFJCT\GT,CJTDWEJ$CPF: *CNDGTUVCFV50T $GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGTp 8QT\ÒINKEJ

1812



1813



$TCMVGCVI*GKNKIGTUVGJVXXOKV\YGK2CVTKCTEJGPMTGW\GP\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP6WTO$GUUGT $T·OGT$ÒTIGTp *ÌEJUVYCJTUEJGKPNKEJWPGFKGTV5GJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCVI$KUEJQHUKV\VXXOKV\YGK.KNKGP\GRVGTP ! CWH(CNVUVWJNFGTOKV6KGTMÌRHGPXGT\KGTV KUVKO(GNFXKGT-WIGNP-NWIG$&GT$TCMVGCVGPHWPFXQP1UEJGTUNGDGPKP8GTÌHHGPVNKEJWPIGPFGU 5V·FVKUEJGP/WUGWOU*CNDGTUVCFV 0QTFJCT\GT,CJTDWEJ$CPF: *CNDGTUVCFV50TXCT $GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGTp 5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

 121


HALBERSTADT

1814



$TCMVGCV  I $KUEJQH UKV\V X X OKV \YGK -TGW\UV·DGP CWH GKPGO (CNVUVWJN FGT OKV 6KGTMÌRHGP   XGT\KGTV KUV -NWIG $ &GT $TCMVGCVGPHWPF XQP 1UEJGTUNGDGP KP 8GTÌHHGPVNKEJWPIGP FGU 5V·FVKUEJGP   /WUGWOU *CNDGTUVCFV  0QTFJCT\GT ,CJTDWEJ $CPF :  *CNDGTUVCFV  5  0T  $GUUGT   $T·OGT$ÒTIGT 4CPFCDDTÒEJGUGJTUEJÌP

1816

1815





#PQP[OG2T·IWPIGPFGUWPF,CJTJWPFGTVU $TCMVGCV  I <YKUEJGP \YGK -WRRGNVÒTOGP OKV -TGW\GP FCU $TWUVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP 5VGRJCP ÒDGT   GKPGO&QRRGNDQIGPWPVGTFGOUKEJGKP<KPPGPVWTO\YKUEJGP\YGKMNGKPGP<KPPGPDGHKPFGV-NWIG$ &GT$TCMVGCVGPHWPFXQP1UEJGTUNGDGPKP8GTÌHHGPVNKEJWPIGPFGU5V·FVKUEJGP/WUGWOU*CNDGTUVCFV

0QTFJCT\GT,CJTDWEJ$CPF: *CNDGTUVCFV5XIN0TWPF$GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGTp 7PGFKGTVWPFXQPITÌ­VGT5GNVGPJGKV2CVKPCGVYCU(WPFDGNCIUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



'ZGORNCTFGT#WMVKQP(TKV\4WFQNH-ÒPMGT1UPCDTÒEM0T



$TCMVGCVI*ÒHVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP5VGRJCPOKV2CNO\YGKIWPF-TGW\UVCDÒDGT$QIGP\YKUEJGP\YGK 6ÒTOGPFCTWPVGT-TGW\$GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT FKGU'ZGORNCT   44(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCTOKVJÒDUEJGT2CVKPC

1817



1818



$TCMVGCV  I -QRH FGU $KUEJQHU X X WPVGT OKV XKGT 6ÒTOGP DGUGV\VGO $QIGP $GUUGT$T·OGT   $ÒTIGT FKGU'ZGORNCT  445GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





$TCMVGCV  I $TWUVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP 5VGRJCP OKV 2CNO\YGKI WPF -TGW\UVCD ÒDGT $QIGP OKV 6WTO   \YKUEJGP\YGK-WIGNP$GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT 44-N5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­CO4CPFUQPUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



1819

1820



$TCMVGCVI$TWUVDKNFGKPGU*GKNKIGPXX\YKUEJGP\YGK6ÒTOGPÒDGT&TGKDQIGPFCTWPVGT-QRH XX$GTIGTp$GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGTp5NI$QPJQHHp 445GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





$TCMVGCV  I &GT JGKNKIG 5VGRJCP UKV\V X X OKV GKPGO 6WTO KP LGFGT *CPF CWH $QIGP $GUUGT   $T·OGT$ÒTIGT 4#VVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT



122


HALBERSTADT

1822

1821



$TCMVGCV  I &GT $KUEJQH UKV\V X X CWH /CWGTNGKUVG \W FGP 5GKVGP LG GKP 6WTO $GUUGT   $T·OGT$ÒTIGTp 7PGFKGTV9KP\4CPFCWUDTÒEJGUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





$TCMVGCVI*ÒHVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP5VGRJCPXXOKVGKPGO6WTOKPLGFGT*CPFÒDGT&QRRGNDQIGP OKVLGGKPGO4KPIGNFCTKP$GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT 5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



1824

1823



$TCMVGCV  I $KUEJQH UKV\VXXOKV\YGK&QRRGNMTGW\UV·DGP$GTIGT$GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT  45EJTÌVNKPIUTK­UGJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCVI$KUEJQHUKV\VXXOKV-TGW\HCJPG 2CNO\YGKI! WPF6WTO$GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGTp 8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV7PGFKGTV5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­UGJTUEJÌP



1825

1826

1827

1828



$TCMVGCVI$TWUVDKNFFGU$KUEJQHUXXÒDGT/CWGTNGKUVGOKV\YGK6ÒTOGPFCTWPVGTUGEJUUVTCJNKIGT 5VGTP$GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT 5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­UGJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCV  I $TWUVDKNF FGU $KUEJQHU X X OKV -TGW\ !  WPF -TWOOUVCD ÒDGT $QIGP FCTWPVGT   4QUGVVG ! $GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGTp XIN  5EJÌPpUGJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCVI$KUEJQHUKV\VXX\YKUEJGP\YGK6ÒTOGP$GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT  5EJÌPpUGJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCV  I $KUEJQH UKV\V X X OKV -TWOOUVCD WPF .KNKGP\GRVGT $GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT p   4CPFCWUDTÒEJGHCUVUGJTUEJÌP



1829

1830



$TCMVGCV  I $KUEJQH UVGJV X X \YKUEJGP \YGK 6ÒTOGP OKV -TGW\ CWH FGO &CEJ $GUUGT   $T·OGT$ÒTIGTp 5EJÌPpUGJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCVI$KUEJQHUVGJVXXOKV\YGK(CJPGP$GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT  5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­UGJTUEJÌP

 123


HALLE AN DER SAALE

1833

1832

1831



$TCMVGCV  I $KUEJQH UKV\V X X OKV \YGK PCEJ CW­GP IGFTGJVGP -TWOOUV·DGP $GUUGT$T·OGT   $ÒTIGTp 4CPFCDDTÒEJGHCUVUGJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCV  I $KUEJQH UKV\V X X \YKUEJGP \YGK 6ÒTOGP CWH FGPGP UKEJ LG FTGK -WIGNP DGHKPFGP   $GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT 9KP\4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCVI$KUEJQHUKV\VXXOKV\YGK2CNO\YGKIGP ! $GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGTp (CUVUGJTUEJÌP



1834

*GTOCPPXQP$NCPMGPDWTI





*GTOCPPUVCOOVGCWUFGO)GUEJNGEJVFGT)TCHGPXQP$NCPMGPDWTIWPFYCTFGT5QJP)TCH5KGIHTKGFU +++ 5GKP $TWFGT YCT FGT /CIFGDWTIGT 'T\DKUEJQH $WTEJCTF ++ XQP $NCPMGPDWTI   +O   *CNDGTUV·FVGT -CRKVGN YKTF GT GTUVOCNUGTY·JPVFCPPCNU&QORHÌTVPGTWPFCNU2TQRUV FGU $QPKHCVKWUUVKHVU 2CRUV $QPKHCVKWU 8+++   DGUV·VKIVG KJP CO  CNU 0CEJHQNIGT   $KUEJQH 8QNTCFU XQP -TCPKEJHGNF   5GKPG TGNCVKX MWT\G #OVU\GKV YCT XQP FGP   HKPCP\KGNNGP 2TQDNGOGP FGU $KUVWOU DGUVKOOV *KP\W MCOGP $GNCUVWPIGP FWTEJ FGP XQO 2CRUV GTJQ   DGPGP -TGW\\WIU\GJPVGP *GTOCPP DGUV·VKIVG KPUIGUCOV  #DN·UUG DGXQT GT CO  QFGT    XGTUVCTDWPFKO&QO\W*CNDGTUVCFVDGKIGUGV\VYWTFG 

$TCMVGCVI$TWUVDKNFFGU$KUEJQHUXXWPVGTCWH5·WNGPTWJGPFGO$QIGP$GUUGT$T·OGT$ÒTIGT  FKGU'ZGORNCT 5NI$QPJQHH FKGU'ZGORNCT  445GJTUEJÌP



1835

*#..'#0&'45##.' /ª0<5666'&'4'4<$+5%*¤('810/#)&'$74) 

#PQP[O  &GPCT 5CEJUGPRHGPPKI   I -TWOOUVCD \W FGP 5GKVGP -TGW\ WPF 4KPIGN   -TGW\&CPPGPDGTI-KNIGT5CN'/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT  5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­UGJTUEJÌP

1836







124

1837



1838

&GPCT 5CEJUGPRHGPPKI I+PGKPGO-WIGNMTGKUGKP-TGW\FGUUGPGKPGT$CNMGP\WGKPGO-TWOO UVCDIGDQIGPKUV-TGW\CWUXKGT&TGKGEMGP&CPPGPDGTI-KNIGT5CN'/GJN  5GJTUEJÌP



&GPCT 5CEJUGPRHGPPKI I+PGKPGO-WIGNMTGKUGKP-TGW\FGUUGPGKPGT$CNMGP\WGKPGO-TWOO UVCDIGDQIGPKUV-TGW\CWUXKGT&TGKGEMGP&CPPGPDGTI-KNIGT5CN'/GJN  5GJTUEJÌP



&GPCT 5CEJUGPRHGPPKI I+PGKPGO-WIGNMTGKUGKP-TGW\FGUUGPGKPGT$CNMGP\WGKPGO-TWOO UVCDIGDQIGPKUV-TGW\CWUXKGT&TGKGEMGP&CPPGPDGTI-KNIGT5CN'/GJN  (CUVUGJTUEJÌP




HAMBURG

1839







1840

1841

&GPCT 5CEJUGPRHGPPKI I+PGKPGO-WIGNMTGKUGKP-TGW\FGUUGPGKPGT$CNMGP\WGKPGO-TWOO UVCDIGDQIGPKUV-TGW\CWUXKGT&TGKGEMGP&CPPGPDGTI-KNIGT5CN'/GJN  (CUVUGJTUEJÌP



&GPCT 5CEJUGPRHGPPKI   I = 1661 *#..#? *CPF )QVVGU T (CJPGPNCP\G-TGW\ UEJT·I   FCTCWHGKP-TWOOUVCDKPFGP\YGKXGTDNGKDGPFGP9KPMGNPLGYGKNUGKPG-WIGN&CPPGPDGTI-KNIGT 5CN(/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT  45GJTUEJÌP



&GPCT 5CEJUGPRHGPPKI   I = /#)#&'$84)? *CPF )QVVGU T (CJPGPNCP\G-TGW\ UEJT·I   FCTCWHGKP-TWOOUVCDKPFGP\YGKXGTDNGKDGPFGP9KPMGNPLGYGKNUGKPG-WIGN-KNIGT5CN(/GJN

FKGU'ZGORNCT  45GJTUEJÌP 9GKVGTG2T·IWPIGPFGTGT\DKUEJÌHNKEJOCIFGDWTIKUEJGP/ÒP\UV·VVG*CNNGHKPFGP5KGWPVGT/CIFGDWTI -CVCNQI0TWPF

1842

1843



1844

*#/$74) 24)70)'0&'4&0'0<'+6 &CU'T\DKUVWO*CODWTI $TGOGP





)GITÒPFGVYWTFGFCU$KUVWO*CODWTIXQP.WFYKIFGO(TQOOGP  \WT/KUUKQPKGTWPIFGT 5EJYGFGP&·PGPWPF1UVUGGUNCXGP#NUGTUVGT'T\DKUEJQHYWTFGKOUGNDGP,CJT#PUICTGKPIGUGV\V YWTFG FGT 5KV\ FGU $KUVWOU PCEJ $TGOGP XGTNGIV YQDGK KP *CODWTI GKP &QOUVKHV WPVGT FGT .GKVWPI   GKPGU 2TQRUVGU DGUVGJGP DNGKDGP UQNNVG -TKVKM YWTFG XQP 5GKVGP FGT QUVHT·PMKUEJGP -KTEJG NCWV FC   *CODWTI ÒDGT MGKPG WPVGTIGQTFPGVGP $KUVÒOGT XGTHÒIVG 5QOKV UQNNVG GU CWEJ PKEJV N·PIGT CNU GKIGP   UV·PFKIGU 'T\DKUVWO DGUVGJGP 2CRUV 5GTIKWU +++ GTTGKEJVG UEJNKG­NKEJ  FCUU $TGOGP WPF   *CODWTICNUGKPG&KÌ\GUGXGTGKPVDGUVGJGPDNGKDGPUQNNVGP&CJGTYKTFUVGVUXQO'T\DKUVWO*CODWTI $TGOGP IGURTQEJGP  KO 5NCYGPCWHUVCPF \GTUVÌTV GTHQNIVGP )GDKGVUGTYGKVGTWPIGP WPVGT #FCNDGTV  

  FGO 8GTVTCWVGP FGU LWPIGP -CKUGTU *GKPTKEJ +8   #D  YWTFG *CODWTI   HÒT,CJTGXQP&·PGOCTMTGIKGTVXGT\KEJVGVGFGT'T\DKUEJQHCWHUVCFVJGTTNKEJG4GEJVGYGNEJGKP FKGUGO<WIGFGP)TCHGPXQP*QNUVGKP\WMCOGP&WTEJUGKPG5VGNNWPIKPFGT*CPUGDNKGD*CODWTINCPIG <GKVTGNCVKXUGNDUVUV·PFKIYWTFGGKP$ÒPFPKUOKV.ÒDGEMIGUEJNQUUGP#WEJKPFGT2GTUQPCNWPKQP FGT JQNUVGKPKUEJGP )TCHGP OKV &·PGOCTM UGKV  DGUC­ *CODWTI YGKVGTJKP ITQ­GP JCPFNWPIU   RQNKVKUEJGP5RKGNTCWOKO&GWVUEJGP4GKEJ 



%C$TCMVGCVI6QTIGD·WFGOKVFTGK6ÒTOGPQDGP\YGK4KPIGNKO6QTDQIGPITQ­G $ÒIGNMTQPG$GTIGT*CV\5NI$QPJQHH  4-N5EJTÌVNKPIUTKUUGUQPUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCTOKVJÒDUEJGT2CVKPC



$TCMVGCV  I &TGK 6ÒTOG ÒDGT $QIGP FGT OKVVNGTG OKV -TGW\ CWH FGO &CEJ $GTIGT XIN  HH   5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



&KG<WYGKUWPIFGUXQTNKGIGPFGP'ZGORNCTUKUVPKEJV\YGKHGNUHTGKIGUKEJGTV5VKNKUVKUEJWPFIGYKEJVUO·­KIIGJÌTVFCU 5VÒEMYQJNKPFGPPQTFFGWVUEJGP4CWOOÌINKEJGTYGKUGPCEJ*CODWTI



$TCMVGCV #NDTGEJV XQP 1TNCOÒPFG CNU 5VCVVJCNVGT HÒT -ÌPKI 9CNFGOCT ++  I 6QTCPNCIG OKV    <KPPGPVWTO\YKUEJGP\YGK4KPIGPKO6QTDQIGPGKPMNGKPGT<KPPGPVWTOCWH$QIGP$GTIGT*CV\ 5NI$QPJQHHp 4(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCTOKVJÒDUEJGT2CVKPC  125


HAMBURG

1845





$TCMVGCV#NDTGEJVXQP1TNCOÒPFGCNU5VCVVJCNVGTHÒT-ÌPKI9CNFGOCT++I/CWGTOKV\YGKUVÌEMK IGO <KPPGPVWTO \YKUEJGP \YGK -WRRGNVÒTOGP FKG /CWGT KUV KP FTGK (N·EJGP CWHIGVGKNV KO OKVVNGTGP   (GNF4KPIOKV-WIGNKO<GPVTWOUGKVNKEJLGGKP4KPIGN$GTIGT*CV\C5NI$QPJQHH  45GJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCV #NDTGEJV XQP 1TNCOÒPFG CNU 5VCVVJCNVGT HÒT -ÌPKI 9CNFGOCT ++  I 6QTCPNCIG OKV \YGK   <KPPGPWPFFTGKMNGKPGP-WRRGNVÒTOGPKO6QTDQIGP4QUGVVGQDGPKO(GNF4KPIGN$GTIGT*CV\ 5NI$QPJQHH 4-QTTQUKQPUURWTGPUGJTUEJÌP



1847









$TCMVGCV#NDTGEJVXQP1TNCOÒPFGCNU5VCVVJCNVGTHÒT-ÌPKI9CNFGOCT++I6QTCPNCIGOKVITQ­GO 5RKV\VWTO \YKUEJGP \YGK -WRRGNVÒTOGP DGKFG OKV -WIGNFTGKDNCVV KO 6QTDQIGP .KNKG $GTIGT    *CV\5NI$QPJQHHp 4-QTTQUKQPUURWTGPUQPUVUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



 126

1850

$TCMVGCV#NDTGEJVXQP1TNCOÒPFGCNU5VCVVJCNVGTHÒT-ÌPKI9CNFGOCT++I&TGK-WRRGNVÒTOGCWH &TGKDQIGPFCTKPUGEJUUVTCJNKIGT5VGTP$GTIGT*CV\5NI$QPJQHHp  4*GTTNKEJG2CVKPCYKP\5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­CO4CPFXQT\ÒINKEJ



$TCMVGCV #NDTGEJV XQP 1TNCOÒPFG CNU 5VCVVJCNVGT HÒT -ÌPKI 9CNFGOCT ++  I &QRRGNUVÌEMKIGT   -WRRGNVWTO OKV JQEJIG\QIGPGP 5GKVGPHNÒIGNP CWH FGP (KTUVGP LG GKPG -WIGN UGKVNKEJ LG GKP 4KPIGN   $GTIGT*CV\5NI$QPJQHHp 4(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCTOKVUGJTCVVTCMVKXGT2CVKPC



1851



1848

$TCMVGCV#NDTGEJVXQP1TNCOÒPFGCNU5VCVVJCNVGTHÒT-ÌPKI9CNFGOCT++I/CWGT\YKUEJGP\YGK -WRRGNVÒTOGPQDGP.KNKGWPVGP6QTDQIGPOKV-WIGNKP4KPI$GTIGT*CV\5NI$QPJQHH 4-QTTQUKQPUURWTGPWPFMN5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­UGJTUEJÌP

1849



1846

1852

$TCMVGCV#NDTGEJVXQP1TNCOÒPFGCNU5VCVVJCNVGTHÒT-ÌPKI9CNFGOCT++I)GTCFNKPKIG/CWGTOKV MNGKPGO$QIGPFCTCWHGKPDTGKVGT<KPPGPVWTO\YKUEJGP\YGKMNGKPGTGP-WRRGNVÒTOGPOKV-TGW\QDGP KO(GNFGKP2WPMV$GTIGT*CV\5NI$QPJQHH5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV 48QT\ÒINKEJ



$TCMVGCV #NDTGEJV XQP 1TNCOÒPFG CNU 5VCVVJCNVGT HÒT -ÌPKI 9CNFGOCT ++  I <KPPGPVWTO ÒDGT   $QIGP\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKPG-WIGN$GTIGT*CV\5NI$QPJQHHp 5GJTUEJÌP




HAMBURG

1854

1853



1855

$TCMVGCV#NDTGEJVXQP1TNCOÒPFGCNU5VCVVJCNVGTHÒT-ÌPKI9CNFGOCT++I&TGK-WRRGNVÒTOGCWH $QIGP$GTIGT*CV\5NI$QPJQHHp 4CPFCWUDTWEJ JKPVGTMNGDV UGJTUEJÌP



56#&6 

*QJNRHGPPKI $NCHHGTV  Q ,  ,CJTJWPFGTV   I +O 2GTNMTGKU XQP  QXCNGP 2GTNGP GKP 6QT   OKV-NGGDNCVVFCTÒDGTKO6QT0GUUGNDNCVV)CGFXIN 5GJTUEJÌP





*QJNRHGPPKI $NCHHGTV  Q ,  ,CJTJWPFGTV   I +O 5VTCJNGPTCPF XQP  5VTCJNGP GKP CEJV   \CEMKIGU 0GUUGNDNCVV KP 6QT FGUUGP )KGDGN FWTEJ FTGK OKV .KPKGP XGTDWPFGPG -WIGNP IGDKNFGV YKTF   )CGF 5GJTUEJÌP



1857

1856

1858



*QJNRHGPPKI $NCHHGTV  Q ,  ,CJTJWPFGTV   I +O 5VTCJNGPTCPF XQP  5VTCJNGP GKP 6QT OKV   &TGK\CEMFCTKP0GUUGNDNCVV)CGF 5GJTUEJÌP





*QJNRHGPPKI $NCHHGTV Q, *·NHVGFGU,CJTJWPFGTVU I+O5VTCJNGPTCPFXQP5VTCJNGP GKP6QTOKV&TGK\CEMFCTKP0GUUGNDNCVV)CGF 5GJTUEJÌP





*QJNRHGPPKI $NCHHGTV Q, &TKVVGNFGU,CJTJWPFGTVU I+O5VTCJNGPTCPFXQP5VTCJNGP FCU0GUUGNDNCVVWPF\YGK6ÒTOGFGT/KVVGNVWTOPWTJCNDFCTIGUVGNNV)CGF 5GJTUEJÌP



1859

1860



*QJNRHGPPKI $NCHHGTV Q, &TKVVGNFGU,CJTJWPFGTVU I+O5VTCJNGPTCPFXQP5VTCJNGP FCUJCNDG0GUUGNDNCVVWPF\YGK6ÒTOG)CGF 5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­CO4CPFUGJTUEJÌP





*QJNRHGPPKI $NCHHGTV  Q ,  &TKVVGN FGU  ,CJTJWPFGTVU   I +O 5VTCJNGPTCPF FCU 0GUUGNDNCVV   WPF\YGK6ÒTOG)CGFHH 4CPFCWUDTÒEJGUGJTUEJÌP



1861

1862



*QJNRHGPPKI $NCHHGTV Q, /KVVGFGU,CJTJWPFGTVU I+O5VTCJNGPTCPFXQP5VTCJNGP$WTI OKVFTGK6ÒTOGPKO6QT0GUUGNDNCVV)CGF -N5EJTÌVNKPIUTKUUGCO4CPFUGJTUEJÌP





*QJNRHGPPKI $NCHHGTV Q, /KVVGFGU,CJTJWPFGTVU I+O5VTCJNGPTCPFXQP5VTCJNGP$WTI OKVFTGK6ÒTOGPKO6QT0GUUGNDNCVV)CGF 4CPFCWUDTÒEJGHCUVUGJTUEJÌP

 127


HEINSBERG

1864

1865

1863





*QJNRHGPPKI $NCHHGTV Q, 'PFGFGUQFGT#PHCPIFGU,CJTJWPFGTVU I+O5VTCJNGPTCPF XQP5VTCJNGP$WTIOKVFTGK6ÒTOGPKO6QT0GUUGNDNCVV)CGF  5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­CO4CPFUGJTUEJÌP



5EJKNNKPI IGRT·IV I/ÒP\OGKUVGT,QJCPPXCP%QNNGP/10'018#*#/$84 )'0 &TGKVÒTOKIGU 6QTIGD·WFG%48: %*4+5 ).14+# 01  9CRRGP KP 8KGTRC­ CWH -TGW\   )CGF 5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­HCUVUGJTUEJÌP



56#&6 

*#0018'4

*QJNRHGPPKICDI*GNOOKV2HCWGPURKGIGNFC\YKUEJGPFGT$WEJUVCDG5$WEM/GKGT  4&WPMNG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP



1866

*'445%*#(6

*'+05$'4)

)GNGIGPKO0QTFYGUVGPFGUJGWVKIGP0QTFTJGKP9GUVHCNGPHCPFFKG)TCHUEJCHV*GKPUDGTIGTUVOCNU CNUFGECUVGNNQSWQFFKEKVWT*GKPGUDGTIG'TY·JPWPI)TCH)QUYKP+IGJÌTVG\WFGTPKGFGTTJGKPKUEJGP #FGNUHCOKNKGFGT(NCOGPUGU0CEJFGO'PFGFGT'TDHQNIGWOYGEJUGNVGFKG*GTTUEJCHV\WP·EJUV CP -NGXG FCPP XQP  DKU  CP FKG )TCHGP XQP 5RQPJGKO 5GKPG 5GNDUVUV·PFKIMGKV YCJTVG FKG   )TCHUEJCHVXQODKU,CJTJWPFGTVFWTEJIGUEJKEMVGU6CMVKGTGP\YKUEJGPFGPLGYGKNU/·EJVKIGPKP FGT 4GIKQP YKG \$ -WTMÌNP QFGT ,ÒNKEJ #D  DKNFGVG *GKPUDGTI UEJNKG­NKEJ GKP GKIGPGU #OV KO   *GT\QIVWO,ÒNKEJ 

)QVVHTKGF+++XQP&CNGPDTQM&QRRGNUEJKNNKPIQ,*GKPUDGTII)GMTÌPVGT-ÌPKI OKV <GRVGT WPF 4GKEJUCRHGN UVGJV ÒDGT .ÌYGPUEJKNF-TGW\ OKV FQRRGNVGT 7OUEJTKHV /GPCFKGT    5NI9G[ICPF 8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV5GJTUEJÌP  'ZGORNCT FGT 5COONWPI 8QIGN 6GKN  #WMVKQP *CODWTIGT (TCPMHWTV  0T  WPF 5COONWPI (CTKPC   #WMVKQP#*GUU(TCPMHWTV0T

1867

 128

&QRRGNUEJKNNKPI Q , *GKPUDGTI  I )GMTÌPVGT -ÌPKI OKV <GRVGT WPF 4GKEJUCRHGN UVGJV ÒDGT   .ÌYGPUEJKNF-TGW\OKVFQRRGNVGT7OUEJTKHV/GPCFKGTXCT 8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV5GJTUEJÌP 


HERSFELD

1868

*'45('.&

#$6'+

&GT /CKP\GT 'T\DKUEJQH .WNNWU EC   NKG­  CP FGT XQP FGO $QPKHCVKWU5EJÒNGT 5VWTOK   IGITÒPFGVGP 'KPUKGFGNGK GKP -NQUVGT GTTKEJVGP FCUU  FGO 5EJWV\ -CTNU FGU )TQ­GP     WPVGTUVGNNVYWTFG+O,CJTJWPFGTVYCT*GTUHGNFGKP<GPVTWOFGUIGKUVKIGP.GDGPUKO4GKEJWPF FWTEJFGP/ÌPEJ.CORGTVGPVUVCPFGKPGUFGTDGFGWVGPFUVGP9GTMGFGTUCNKUEJGP)GUEJKEJVUUEJTGKDWPI

FKG#PPCNGPFGU.CORGTVXQP*GTUHGNF XQT1TV9·JTGPFFGU+PXGUVKVWTUVTGKVUUVCPFFKG#DVGKVTGWCWH 5GKVGPFGUUCNKUEJGP-CKUGTU*GKPTKEJU+8  WPFXGTHCUUVGGKPWPDGMCPPVGT/ÌPEJ JKGT GKPG 5VTGKVUEJTKHV \W FGUUGP 8GTVGKFKIWPI .KDGT FG WPKVCVG GEENGUKCG EQPUGTXCPFC  /GJTHCEJ   PCJOGP(GNF\ÒIGFGU-CKUGTUIGIGPFKG5CEJUGPXQP*GTUHGNFCWUKJTGP#PHCPI&CU5R·VOKVVGNCNVGTYCT IGMGPP\GKEJPGV FWTEJ #WUGKPCPFGTUGV\WPIGP FGT *GTUHGNFGT DVG OKV FGT PCEJ \WPGJOGPFGT (TGKJGKV   UVTGDGPFGP5VCFVDGXÌNMGTWPI 

#FGNOCPP&GPCTI *'4'8'.&+#&TGKVÒTOKIGU-KTEJGPIGD·WFG #0&'4'0 #0%1-TGW\KPFGP9KPMGNPLGGKPG-WIGN&CPPGPDGTI5VGKPDCEJ  #VVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCTOKVJÒDUEJGT2CVKPC

1870

1869





.WFYKI +  $TCMVGCV WO   I #DV UVGJV X X OKV-TWOOUVCDWPF$WEJ$GTIGT XIN5NI.ÌDDGEMGXIN 2TCEJVXQNNG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI##WMVKQP&T$WUUQ2GWU0CEJH(TCPMHWTV/CKP0T



*GKPTKEJ8$TCMVGCV-ÌNNGFCI$TWUVDKNFFGU#DVGUOKV\YGK-TGW\GPWPVGT$QIGP FCTCWHFTGK6ÒTOG$GTIGT5NI$QPJQHH FKGU'ZGORNCT  5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



1871

*'55'0.#0&)4#(5%*#(6 

*'55'0

*GTOCPP++$TCMVGCVWO-CUUGNI4GKVGTNOKV$CTGVV(CJPGWPF.ÌYGP UEJKNFTKO(GNFJQEJIGUVGNNVGU*KHVJQTP$GTIGTp XIN  2TCEJVXQNNG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ



'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI##WMVKQP&T$WUUQ2GWU0CEJH(TCPMHWTV/CKP0T  &CU *KHVJQTP KUV GKP UGKV FGO /KVVGNCNVGT DGMCPPVGU MNGKPGU 5KIPCNJQTP CWU FGO UKEJ FKG UR·VGTGP ,CIFJÌTPGT   YGKVGTGPVYKEMGNVJCDGP&GT0COGNGKVGVUKEJXQPFGOCNVJQEJFGWVUEJGP9QTVJKQHCPCDYCUōYGJMNCIGPŋDGFGWVGV 'UYWTFGWTURTÒPINKEJCWU4KPFGTJQTPJGTIGUVGNNV

129


HILDESHEIM

1873

1872





.WFYKI+/GK­PGT)TQUEJGPQ,OKV)GIGPUVGORGN JGUUKUEJGT.ÌYGPUVGORGN 4WPFGT 5VGORGN OKV UVGKIGPFGO .ÌYGP OKV XKGT 0CEMGP WPF FTGK 5EJYCP\\QVVGNP  I -TWU[ :     /ÒP\GUGJTUEJÌP)GIGPUVGORGNUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



-TQPGPITQUEJGP -TQPKEJVGT )TQUEJGP  Q , CD   -CUUGN  )TWRRG OKV )GIGPUVGORGN  

JGUUKUEJGT.ÌYGPUVGORGN 5EJKNFOKVUVGKIGPFGO.ÌYGP5EJYCP\XKGT\QVVGNKIFKGQDGTG<QVVGNPCEJ XQTPIGUEJNCIGPI-TWU[:5EJÒV\  5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­/ÒP\GWPF)GIGPUVGORGNHCUVUGJTUEJÌP



1874



*GKPTKEJ+++*QTPITQUEJGP/ÒP\UV·VVGXGTOWVNKEJ6TG[UCI.GXKPUQP+p 5EJÒV\ 449KP\2T·IGUEJY·EJGUGJTUEJÌP

1875

$+567/ -QPTCF++



1876

*+.&'5*'+/ 



-QPTCFUIGKUVNKEJG.CWHDCJPHÒJTVGKJPKO#WHVTCI2CRUV+PPQ\GP\+++  WPF*QPQTKWU+++

  CNU 2TGFKIGT IGIGP FKG #NDKIGPUGT WPF -TGW\\WIURTGFKIGT FWTEJ (TCPMTGKEJ WPF   &GWVUEJNCPF DGXQT GT CNU .GKVGT FGT R·RUVNKEJGP -QOOKUUKQP YGNEJG FKG 9CJN FGU 0CEJHQNIGTU   5KGIHTKGFUXQP.KEJVGPDGTI  DGQDCEJVGPUQNNVGPCEJ*KNFGUJGKOMCO)GIGPFGP9KNNGPFGT $ÒTIGT WPF 5VKHVUOKPKUVGTKCNGP YWTFG -QPTCF UGNDUV XQO &QOMCRKVGN IGY·JNV &GT /CKP\ 'T\DKUEJQH   5KGIHTKGF ++ XQP 'RRUVGKP   WPF 2CRUV *QPQTKWU +++   DGITÒ­VGP LGFQEJ FKG   'PVUEJGKFWPI YQJN YGKN -QPTCF IWVG $G\KGJWPIGP \WO UVCWHKUEJGP *GTTUEJGTJCWU WPVGTJKGNV WPF UQ   GORHKPI-QPTCFCWHFGO(ÒTUVGPVCI\W9QTOU  FKG4GICNKGPWPFYWTFGKP'THWTVMQPUGMTKGTV

 &GTPGWG$KUEJQHGPVHCNVGVGKPFGTIGKUVNKEJGPWPFYKTVUEJCHVNKEJGP8GTYCNVWPIGKPGGPQTOG #MVKXKV·V WPF YCT CWEJ TGKEJURQNKVKUEJ ÒDGT FKG )TGP\GP FGU &GWVUEJGP 4GKEJGU JKPCWU GPICIKGTV   $GUQPFGTG8GTFKGPUVGGTYCTDGTUKEJLGFQEJDGKFGT'KPHÒJTWPIWPF7PVGTUVÒV\WPIIGKUVNKEJGT4GHQTO QTFGPYKGFGP(TCP\KUMCPGTP<KUVGT\KGPUGTP&QOKPKMCPGTPWPF/CIFCNGPGTKPPGP+O,CJTGNGIVG -QPTCFUGKP#OVPKGFGTWPF\QIUKEJUEJNKG­NKEJKPFKG<KUVGT\G5EJÌPCW\WTÒEMYQGTCO XGTUVCTDWPFCWEJDGITCDGPYWTFG 

-QPTCF ++  QFGT *GKPTKEJ +  QFGT ,QJCPP +  $TCMVGCV  I   $KUEJQHUKV\VXXOKV-GNEJWPF-TGW\CWHGKPGT/CWGT\YKUEJGPLGGKPGO5VCDWPFGKPGO-WRRGNVWTO WPVGP\WUGKPGP(Ò­GP##$GTIGT/GJN5NI$QPJQHH5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV  #VVTCMVKXGUXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT





$TCMVGCV  I $KUEJQH UKV\V X X OKV -GNEJ WPF -TGW\ CWH GKPGT /CWGT \YKUEJGP LG GKPGO 5VCD   WPF GKPGO -WRRGNVWTO WPVGP \W UGKPGP (Ò­GP #  # $GTIGT  /GJN  5NI $QPJQHH    5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV 5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­UGJTUEJÌP



130


HOMBURG

1877





1878

$TCMVGCVI$TWUVDKNFFGU$KUEJQHUXX\YKUEJGP\YGK(CJPGPCO-TGW\UVCDFCTÒDGTGKPOKVFTGK <KPPGPVÒTOGP DGUGV\VGT &TGKDQIGP KO (GNF XKGT 4KPIGN $GTIGT  /GJN  5NI $QPJQHH    'VYCUMQTTQFKGTVHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



$TCMVGCVI$KUEJQHUKV\VXXOKV\YGK-TGW\GPCWHGKPGT/CWGTWPVGPOKVMNGKPGO4WPFDQIGP \YKUEJGP\YGK-WRRGNVÒTOGP$GTIGT/GJN5NI$QPJQHH *GTTNKEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ



1879

*'445%*#(6+/51..+0) 

*1/$74)

'FGNJGTTGP XQP *QODWTI  &GPCT  I 1$+.+ $TWUVDKNF GKPGU )GKUVNKEJGP OKV   -TWOOUVCD WPF 4GKEJUCRHGN X X10.ÌYG N KP 9CRRGPUEJKNF CWH IGIKVVGTVGO (GNFG $GTIJCWU   /QPGVCKP$TCMGN#DD#4KGEJOCPP*CNNG#WMVKQP0T0WOURJTCI#P\GKIGT 5H 8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV9QJNGKPGUXQP\YGKDGMCPPVGP'ZGORNCTGP5GJTUEJÌP  'ZGORNCTFGT#WMVKQP(TKV\4WFQNH-ÒPMGT1UPCDTÒEM0T  &KG8QTFGTUGKVGFKGUGU5VÒEMGUJCVFKG-ÌNPGT2HGPPKIG5KGIHTKGFUXQP9GUVGTDWTI  \WO8QTDKNFFCUKP FGP&GVCKNUYKG\WO$GKURKGN/KVTC-TCIGPWPF2WPMVWPVGTFGO-TCIGPÒDGTGKPUVKOOV EH*·XGTPKEM  $GK 4KGEJOCPP YKTF CNU 2T·IGUV·VVG 5VCFVQNFGPFQTH CPIGIGDGP &CIGIGP URTKEJV LGFQEJ FKG ITQ­G 'PVHGTPWPI \W   -ÌNP FGUUGP 2HGPPKIG \W FKGUGT <GKV PKEJV OGJT FKG $GFGWVWPI YKG KP FGT /KVVG FGU  ,CJTJWPFGTVU JCVVG &KG   JPNKEJMGKVOKVFGP$TCMGNGT2HGPPKIGPDGUCIVPKEJVUFGPPFKGUGUKPFGVNKEJG,CJT\GJPVGUR·VGTGPVUVCPFGP9CRRGP XQT UEJTCHHKGTVGO )TWPF UKPF KP FKGUGT <GKV J·WHKI XGTYGPFGV YQTFGP UQ FC­ UKEJ FCTCWU MGKPG 5EJNÒUUG \KGJGP   NCUUGP&KG.GIGPFGCWHFGT8QTFGTUGKVGKUVGKPFGWVKI01$+.+5&'CNUQGKP'FGNJGTTWPFCWEJFGT.ÌYGCNU9CRRGP URTKEJVFCHÒTFCU5VÒEMKPFKG*GTTUEJCHV*QODWTIKO5QNNKPI\WNGIGP

1880

,ª.+%*-.'8'$'4) $'4))4#(5%*#(65'+6*'4<1)67/ 

9KNJGNO++6WTPQUGQ,4CVKPIGPI0QUUF

44&QRRGNUEJNCIUGJTUEJÌP

 131


JÜLICH-KLEVE-BERG

1881

,ª.+%*)4#(5%*#(6#$/#4-)4#(5%*#(65'+6*'4<1)67/ 

9KNJGNO +  &QRRGNUEJKNNKPI Q ,   $GTIJGKO  I *GT\QIUITQUEJGP &GT   *GT\QIUVGJVXXOKV.KNKGP\GRVGTWPF4GKEJUCRHGNCWHGKPGO5·WNGPMCRKVGNNTKO(GNF.ÌYGPUEJKNF -TGW\WOJGT\YGK<GKNGP5EJTKHV0QUU  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV9KP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTCO4CPFCVVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT 

1882

,ª.+%*$'4)*'4<1)67/ 

)GTJCTF++9GK­RHGPPKIQ,4CVKPIGPI0QUU  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV(CUVUGJTUEJÌPUGJTUEJÌP



1883

-.'8')4#(5%*#(65'+6*'4<1)67/ 

,QJCPP)TQUEJGPQ,9GUGNI0QUU

5GJTUEJÌP



45GJTUEJÌP



1884

 132

#FQNH+)TQUEJGPQ,-CNMCTI0QUU


KEMPTEN

1885



,QJCPP +  9GK­RHGPPKI  QJPG #PICDG FGT /ÒP\UV·VVG 9GUGN   I .GXKPUQP   +p0QUU 9KP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTCO4CPFUGJTUEJÌP



1886



9GK­RHGPPKIQJPG#PICDGFGT/ÒP\UV·VVG 9GUGN I.GXKPUQP+p0QUU  5GJTUEJÌP

1888

1887

#$6'+



-'/26'0

&KG#PH·PIGFGTCPGKPGO(GTPUVTC­GPMTGW\IGNGIGPGP5KGFNWPIIGJGPCWHGKPTÌOKUEJGU-CUVGNN\WTÒEM +O HTÒJGP  ,CJTJWPFGTV YWTFG GKPG /KUUKQPU\GNNG FGU -NQUVGTU 5V )CNNGP GTTKEJVGV CWU FGT UKEJ GKP   UGNDUVUV·PFKIGUWPFFWTEJFKG-CTQNKPIGTWPF1VVQPGPTGKEJIGHÌTFGTVGU$GPGFKMVKPGT-NQUVGTGPVYKEMGNVG +PFGT(QNIG\GKVYCTGPFKGDVGXQP-GORVGPGPIOKVFGT4GEKJURQNKVKMXGTHNQEJVGPYQDGKFKG8QIVGK  FGP 9GNHGP WPF  FGP 5VCWHGTP \WHKGN 9QJN WO  YCT FKG 2JCUG FGT 5VCFVYGTFWPI   CDIGUEJNQUUGP YQDGK  FCU QRRKFWO FWTEJ -CKUGT 4WFQNH +   FGT ,WTKUFKMVKQP FGU   -GORVGPGT#DVGUGPV\QIGPWPFFGOQUVUEJY·DKUEJGP.CPFXQIVWPVGTUVGNNVYWTFG 

4WFQNH++DKU*GKPTKEJ+++$TCMVGCVWOMÌPKINKEJG8GTYCNVWPIWPVGT-CKUGT (TKGFTKEJ++I 24+0%'25%#/2+&10*)GMTÌPVGTUKV\VXXOKV-TWOOUVCDWPFCWHIGUEJNC IGPGO$WEJCWHGKPGO(CNVUVWJNNKO(GNFGKP-TGW\TKO(GNFGKP5VGTP$GTIGT-NGKP7NOGT

%% 0CW &KG<GKVFGT5VCWHGT 5NI$QPJQHH5NI.ÌDDGEMG  -PCRRGT5EJTÌVNKPIJÒDUEJG2CVKPCHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



8INFGP-QOOGPVCTDGK0CW9KTJCDGPJKGTYKGFGTGKPGPFGTDGTGKVUCWU-ÌNPWPF/CKP\DGMCPPVGP(·NNGYQ FGT -ÌPKI OKV IGKUVNKEJGP #VVTKDWVGP FCTIGUVGNNV YKTF /ÌINKEJGTYGKUG GPVUVCPF FGT 2HGPPKI CPN·­NKEJ GKPGU   -ÌPKIUCWHGPVJCNVGUKP-GORVGPQFGTGUJCPFGNVUKEJWOGKPG8QIVRT·IWPIFGPPFKGUVCWHKUEJGP-ÌPKIGYCTGPKPFGT 0CEJHQNIG9GNHU+8CDFKG8ÌIVGFGT#DVGK-GORVGP



$TCMVGCV WO   I )GMTÌPVGU $TWUVDKNF FGT *GKNKIGP *KNFGICTFKU X X OKV .KNKG WPF   -TGW\UVCD$GTIGT-NGKP7NOGT %% 5NI$QPJQHH 4CPFHGJNGTHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ

 133


KÖLN

1889

-¤.0

4'+%*5/ª0<5666' 

-QPTCF ++  &GPCT  I&85+/2 -TGW\ KP FGP 9KPMGNP $  &TGKURKV\    )GUKEJV*= 5#0?%6#%1.10=+#?-KTEJGPIGD·WFG&CPPGPDGTI*·XGTPKEM  44-N6WUEJG\KHHGTCWHFGT8QTFGTUGKVGHCUVUGJTUEJÌP



9·JTGPF*&CPPGPDGTIFKG/ÒP\GCNUYCJTUEJGKPNKEJ\W-ÌNPWPVGT*GKPTKEJ++QFGT2KNKITKOIGRT·IV $F+5  CPUCJURTCEJUKEJ9*·XGTPKEMHÒTFCU'T\GWIPKUGKPGT*GEMGPOÒP\UV·VVGCWU'KPG2T·IWPIKP#PFGTPCEJ FGUUGP/ÒP\\GKEJGPGKIGPVNKEJFGT&TGKURKV\KUVUEJNKG­VGTCWUFCFQTVDGTGKVUFKG#WURT·IWPIWPVGTGKIGPGO$KNF WPF0COGPDGVTKGDGPYWTFG 5 <WT2TQDNGOCVKMFGT%1.10+#&TGKURKV\6[RGPCNNGTFKPIUQJPG*KPYGKUCWH FGP XQTNKGIGPFGP 6[R XIN CWEJ $ -NWIG %0) 6GKN  1DGTNQVJTKPIGP    #[N WPF #PFGTPCEJ KP )0   

 5

1890

1890

1891

1891

'4<$+567/ 



2KNITKO WPF -CKUGT -QPTCF ++  &GPCT  I %*8104#&85 +/2 -TGW\ KP FGP   9KPMGNP 2+  .+  )4  +/5#0%6# %1.10+# (ÒPHU·WNKIGU -KTEJGPIGD·WFG OKV URKV\GO )KGDGN   &CPPGPDGTI*·XGTPKEM-NWIG 6WUEJG\KHHGTCWHFGT8QTFGTUGKVGUGJTUEJÌP



*GTOCPP ++ WPF -CKUGT -QPTCF ++  &GPCT  I %*8104#&85 +/2 -TGW\KP FGP 9KPMGNP LG GKPG -WIGN*'4+/#00 #4%*+'25 -KTEJGPIGD·WFG OKV URKV\GO )KGDGN KP FGT   -KTEJG%1.0+#\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP4KPIGN&CPPGPDGTI*·XGTPKEM-NWIG  6WUEJG\KHHGTCWHFGT8QTFGTUGKVGUQPUVCVVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT



1892



*GTOCPP ++CNNGKP&GPCTI= *'4?'/#00=85'25?$TWUVDKNFFGU'T\DKUEJQHU X X OKV -TWOOUVCD WPF $WEJ %1.10+# 84$5 )GD·WFG OKV \YGK 6ÒTOGP KP /CWGTTKPI   &CPPGPDGTI*·XGTPKEM-NWIG 4&WPMNG2CVKPCGVYCUFG\GPVTKGTVHCUVUGJTUEJÌP



1893



134

5KIYKP  &GPCT  I 5+)'880 #4%*='25? $TWUVDKNF FGU 'T\DKUEJQHU X X OKV   -TWOOUVCD #+=0%6?%1.10#5/CWGTTKPIOKV6QTWPFFTGK6ÒTOGP*·XGTPKEM  'VYCUMPCRRGT5EJTÌVNKPIWPFMN2T·IGUEJY·EJGCO4CPFUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ




KÖLN

1894



&GPCT  I 5+)'88+0 #4%*'25 $TWUVDKNF FGU 'T\DKUEJQHU X X OKV -TWOOUVCD #+0%6   %1=.10?#5/CWGTTKPIOKV6QTWPFFTGK6ÒTOGP*·XGTPKEM  'VYCUMPCRRGT5EJTÌVNKPIHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



1895



*GTOCPP+++&GPCTI *'4='/#0?0#4%*'2$TWUVDKNFFGU'T\DKUEJQHUXX OKV -TWOOUVCD #+0=%6#? %1.10# /CWGTTKPI OKV 6QT WPF FTGK 6ÒTOGP &CPPGPDGTI    *·XGTPKEM 2T·IGUEJY·EJGCO4CPFUQPUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



1896



&GPCT  I *4'/#=00? #4' $TWUVDKNF FGU 'T\DKUEJQHU N OKV -TWOOUVCD WPF $WEJ   #0%6#%1.10=#5?/CWGTTKPIOKVXKGT6ÒTOGP&CPPGPDGTID*·XGTPKEM-NWIG  2T·IGUEJY·EJGCO4CPFWPF4ÒEMUGKVGNGKEJVFG\GPVTKGTVUQPUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT



1897



2JKNKRR XQP *GKPUDGTI  2HGPPKI Q ,   -ÌNP  I *+6#2%  '2+%128   'T\DKUEJQH VJTQPV X X OKV -TWOOUVCD WPF $WEJ'#%1610+#2#=+%#+? /CWGT OKV 6QT FCTCWH   6WTO\YKUEJGP\YGKYGKVGTGPMNGKPGTGP-WRRGNVÒTOGP*·XGTPKEM 5GJTUEJÌP



1898



'PIGNDGTV + XQP $GTI  &GPCT Q ,   -ÌNP  I '0)'.$  4685/+   'T\DKUEJQH VJTQPV X X OKV /KVTC -TWOOUVCD WPF $WEJ 5#0%6# %1.10+# /CWGT OKV 6QT   FCTÒDGT6WTO\YKUEJGP\YGK-TGW\HCJPGP*·XGTPKEM 2T·IGUEJY·EJGUGJTUEJÌP



'PIGNDGTVYWTFGCO(GDTWCT\WO'T\DKUEJQHIGY·JNVWPFCO/CKFGUUGNDGP,CJTGUXQO2CRUVDGUV·VKIV &CU2CNNKWOGPVUCPFVGFKGUGTCDGTGTUVCO#RTKN+PFGT<YKUEJGP\GKVHÒJTVG'PIGNDGTV\WP·EJUVFGP6KVGN GKPGU'NGMVGPFCPPCDFGPGKPGU/KPKUVGTUYKGGTCWEJCWHFGOXQTNKGIGPFGP)GRT·IGCO'PFGFGT8QTFGT UGKVGPNGIGPFGCNU/+GTMGPPDCTKUV/KVFGO'TJCNVFGU2CNNKWOUYQJNKO/CKYGKEJVFGT/KPKUVGTVKVGNFGOFGU 'T\DKUEJQHU XIN*·XGTPKEM&KG/ÒP\GPXQP-ÌNP5 

135


KONSTANZ

1899



9KNJGNOXQP)GPPGR&QRRGNUEJKNNKPIQ, WO $QPPI0QUUHH  445GJTUEJÌP

9·JTGPFFGT4GIKGTWPIU\GKV9KNJGNOUXQP)GPPGRGTHWJTFCU'T\DKUVWO-ÌNPGKPGDGFGWVGPFG5VCVWUGTJÌJWPI#WH +PKVKCVKXG -CKUGT -CTNU +8 YWTFG CWH FGO 0ÒTPDGTIGT 4GKEJUVCI CO  ,CPWCT  FCU 4GKEJUITWPFIGUGV\ FGT   )QNFGPGP $WNNG XGTMÒPFGV KP FGO UKGDGP -WTHÒTUVGP /CKP\ 6TKGT -ÌNP $ÌJOGP 2HCN\ 5CEJUGP WPF $TCPFGP   DWTI \WO9CJNMÌTRGTFGTFGWVUEJGP-ÌPKIUYCJNDGUVKOOVYWTFGP&KG-WTN·PFGTYWTFGPHÒTWPVGKNDCTGTMN·TVWPF HÒTFKGYGNVNKEJGP-WTHÒTUVGPFKG2TKOQIGPKVWTHGUVIGUGV\V9KNJGNOXQP)GPPGRFGT2T·IGJGTTFKGUGUKPVGTGUUCPVGP &QRRGNUEJKNNNKPIUYCTCNUQFGTGTUVG-ÌNPGT-WTHÒTUVWPFYWTFGFKGUGO#OVFWTEJUGKPGWOUKEJVKIGWPFFKRNQOCVK UEJG#TVXQNNCWHIGTGEJV



1900



&QRRGNUEJKNNKPIQ, WO $QPPI0QUUD

1901

$+567/ -QPTCF++XQP6GIGTPHGNF

445GJTUEJÌP



1902

-1056#0< 





'T GPVUVCOOVG FGT GKPHNWUUTGKEJGP (COKNKG FGT (TGKJGTTGP XQP 6GIGTPHGNFGP WPFKUVXQPCNU &QORTQDUV XQP -QPUVCP\ DGNGIV 9CJTUEJGKPNKEJ YWTFG GT PCEJ FGT 'TOQTFWPI FGU 5VCWHGTU 2JKNKRR   XQP 5EJYCDGP   CNU -QORTQOKUUMCPFKFCV \WO $KUEJQH IGY·JNV  HKPFGV GT UKEJ KP FGT   0·JG FGU 9GNHGP 1VVQU +8   YGPPINGKEJ GT TGKEJURQNKVKUEJ QHHGPDCT PKEJV KP 'TUEJGKPWPI   IGVTGVGP KUV #WH &T·PIGP FGT -QPUVCP\GT $ÒTIGT ÌHHPGVG GT  -ÌPKI (TKGFTKEJ XQP 5K\KNKGP FKG   5VCFVVQTG CP FGUUGP MÌPKINKEJGO *QH CNU (TKGFTKEJ ++   GT KP FGT (QNIG\GKV \W HKPFGP   KUV-QPTCFUVCTDCOWPFYWTFGKO-QPUVCP\GT/ÒPUVGTDGKIGUGV\V $TCMVGCVI$KUEJQHUKV\VXXOKV-TWOOUVCDWPF$WEJXQTFGT$TWUVTKO(GNFGKP HTGKUVGJGPFGT -TWOOUVCD $GTIGT  -NGKP7NOGT %%   0CW &KG <GKV FGT 5VCWHGT   5NI   $QPJQHH5NI.ÌDDGEMG 6GKNYGKUGGVYCUUEJYCEJCWUIGRT·IVUGJTUEJÌP 'DGTJCTF++XQP9CNFDWTI







)GDQTGP YWTFG GT CNU 5QJP FGU UVCWHKUEJGP 6TWEJUGUUGP'DGTJCTFXQP6CPPG9CNFDWTIWPF0GHHGFGU -QPUVCP\GT $KUEJQHU *GKPTKEJ XQP 6CPPG   +O #WIWUV FGU ,CJTGU YWTFGGTXQORTQ R·RUVNKEJGP&QOMCRKVGN\WO$KUEJQHIGY·JNVWPFFWTEJ2CRUV+PPQ\GP\+8  DGUV·VKIV5GKPG #OVU\GKV HKGN KP FKG 9KTTGP FGU +PVGTTGIPWOU \YKUEJGP FGO 6QF (TKGFTKEJU ++  WPF FGT 9CJN   FGU *CDUDWTIGTU 4WFQNH  6TQV\FGO IGNCPI GU KJO FCU $KUVWO WPDGUEJCFGV FWTEJ FKGUG <GKV \W   OCPÌXTKGTGPWPFFCU6GTTKVQTKWOUQICTCWUDCWGP\WMÌPPGP<W5RCPPWPIGPMCOGUKOOGTYKGFGTOKV FGT-QPUVCP\GT$ÒTIGTUEJCHVWPFFGPDVGPXQP5V)CNNGPWPFFGT4GKEJGPCW'DGTJCTFIKNVCW­GTFGO CNU ITQ­GT (ÌTFGTGT FGT TGNKIKÌUGP (TCWGPDGYGIWPIGP UGKPGT <GKV 'T UVCTD CO  WPF UGKPG   )GDGKPGTWJGPKO-QPUVCP\GT/ÒPUVGT 

136

$TCMVGCV   I $TWUVDKNF FGU $KUEJQHU X X OKV \YGKURKV\KIGT /KVTC -TWOOUVCD WPF   .KNKGP\GRVGT$GTIGT-NGKP7NOGT %% 0CW &KG<GKVFGT5VCWHGT 5NI$QPJQHH *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ




MAGDEBURG

1904

1903

4'+%*5/ª0<5666'

.+0&#7

-GKO\GNNG FGT 5KGFNWPI KUV FCU WO  IGITÒPFGVG -CPQPKUUGPUVKHV HÒT FCU GKP MCTQNKPIKUEJGU +O   OWPKV·VURTKXKNGI  GZKUVKGTV9·JTGPFFGT#WUGKPCPFGTUGV\WPIGPFGU+PXGUKVWTUVTGKVUXGTNGIVGOCPFKG CO(GUVNCPFWHGTIGNGIGPG/CTMVUKGFNWPIUEJCEJCWHFKGIGUEJÒV\VGTG+PUGN&KG5VCWHGTFGPGPCWEJFCU #OV FGU 8QIVGU \WHKGN NKG­GP WO  FWTEJ FGP \WO 5VKHV IGJÌTGPFGP OCIKUVGT EKXKVCU GKPG MPCRR    JC WOHCUUGPFG 2NCPUKGFNWPI GTTKEJVGP 'KP YKTVUEJCHVNKEJGT #WHUEJYWPI FGT 5VCFV WPF GKPG TGKEJ   JCNVKIG MÌPKINKEJG 2TKXKNGIKGTWPI UEJWHGP FKG )TWPFNCIG HÒT FKG .QUNÌUWPI XQP FGT MNÌUVGTNKEJGP   ,WTKUFKMVKQP&GO4CVIGNCPIGUCW­GTFGOFKG<QNNWPF/ÒP\TGEJVGCWHFGO2HCPFYGIG\WGTYGTDGP 

#PQP[O  $TCMVGCV WO   I .KPFG OKV UKGDGP $N·VVGTP $GTIGT p -NGKP   7NOGT %%  9KP\4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ





$TCMVGCV WO   I .KPFG OKV UGEJU MTGKUHÌTOKI CPIGQTFPGVGP $N·VVGTPWPFGKPGO$NCVVKPFGT /KVVG$GTIGT-NGKP7NOGT %%  5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­WPF4CPFCDDTWEJUGJTUEJÌP



1905

.+22'

)4#(5%*#(6 

$GTPJCTF +++  2HGPPKI WO  .GOIQ  I Ë $'40#  4&85'2+ $KUEJQH   VJTQPVXXOKV/KVTC-TWOOUVCDWPF$WEJË.'/')1%+8+6#59CRRGPUEJKNFOKVFTGK4QUGPKP GKPGOTCWVGPHÌTOKIIGIKVVGTVGP(GNF)TQVGXCT+JN.GOIQ'O  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV7PTGIGNO·­KIGT5EJTÌVNKPIWPFMN2T·IGUEJY·EJG UQPUVCVVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCTOKVHGKPGT2CVKPC 

1906

/#)&'$74) &+'4'+%*5/ª0<5666'/#)&'$74) 5CEJUGPRHGPPKIGXQO6[R/GJN





&KG HQNIGPFGP 6[RGP YWTFGP JÌEJUVYCJTUEJGKPNKEJ KP FGT 4GIKGTWPIU\GKV 1VVQU +++   YCJT   UEJGKPNKEJWPVGT'T\DKUEJQH)KUGNJGT  IGRT·IV 

#PQP[O&GPCT 5CEJUGPRHGPPKI I6GORGN-TGW\KPFGP9KPMGNPLGGKPG-WIGN&CPPGPDGTI -KNIGT-0/GJN 8QT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT

1907



1908



&GPCT 5CEJUGPRHGPPKI   I 6GORGN-TGW\ KP FGP 9KPMGNP LG GKPG -WIGN &CPPGPDGTI    -KNIGT-0/GJN .GKEJVIGYGNNVUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





1DQN 5CEJUGPRHGPPKI   I 6GORGN-TGW\ KP FGP 9KPMGNP LG GKPG -WIGN &CPPGPDGTI    -KNIGT-0/GJN *CNDKGTVGT&GPCTXQT\ÒINKEJ

 137


MAGDEBURG

1909



1DQN 5CEJUGPRHGPPKI   I 6GORGN-TGW\ KP FGP 9KPMGNP LG GKPG -WIGN &CPPGPDGTI    -KNIGT-0/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT  45GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



1910



&GPCT 5CEJUGPRHGPPKI   I 6GORGN-TGW\ KP FGP 9KPMGNP LG GKPG -WIGN /GJN  FKGU 'ZGO   RNCT  48QT\ÒINKEJ



1911



1DQN 5CEJUGPRHGPPKI   I -TGW\ WPVGT -KTEJGPIKGDGN-TGW\ KP FGP 9KPMGNP LG GKPG -WIGN   &CPPGPDGTI-KNIGT-0/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT  4-QTTQUKQPUURWTGPUGJTUEJÌP



1912



&GPCT)TWRRG#5EJOCNDCNMGPV[R6[RWU+8I-TGW\KPFGP9KPMGNPLGGKPG-WIGN#DIGTWP FGVGT -KTEJGPIKGDGN OKV -TGW\ FCTWPVGT 1&&1 &CPPGPDGTI  -KNIGT -0  FQTV WPVGT   #PQP[OG/ÒP\UV·VVGP /GJN 4ÒEMUGKVGFKGU'ZGORNCT  5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­UGJTUEJÌP



1913



1DQN 5CEJUGPRHGPPKI I6GORGN1&&1\YKUEJGP)KGDGNWPF5VWHG-TGW\KPFGP9KPMGNPLG GKPG-WIGN&CPPGPDGTI-KNIGT-0/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT  44(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



1914

 138

&GPCT 5CEJUGPRHGPPKI   I 6GORGN$TGKVGU -TGW\ KP FGP 9KPMGNP LG GKPG -WIGN &CPPGPDGTI   D-KNIGT-0/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT  8QT\ÒINKEJ




MAGDEBURG

1915



&GPCT 5CEJUGPRHGPPKI   I 6GORGN$TGKVGU -TGW\ KP FGP 9KPMGNP LG GKPG -WIGN &CPPGPDGTI   D-KNIGT-0/GJN 8QT\ÒINKEJ



1917

1916



&GPCT 5CEJUGPRHGPPKI   I 6GORGN$TGKVGU -TGW\ KP FGP 9KPMGNP LG GKPG -WIGN &CPPGPDGTI   D-KNIGT-0/GJN (CUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT





&GPCT 5CEJUGPRHGPPKI   I 6GORGN CWH FGO XQTNKGIGPFGP 'ZGORNCT MCWO \W GTMGPPGP $TGKVGU   -TGW\KPFGP9KPMGNPLGGKPG-WIGN&CPPGPDGTID-KNIGT-0/GJN  (CUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT



1918



&GPCT 5CEJUGPRHGPPKI I6GORGN$TGKVGU-TGW\-KNIGT-0/GJN

8QT\ÒINKEJ



1920

1919



&GPCT 5CEJUGPRHGPPKI   I 6GORGN CWH FGO XQTNKGIGPFGP 'ZGORNCT MCWO \W GTMGPPGP $TGKVGU   -TGW\KPFGP9KPMGNPLGGKPG-WIGN&CPPGPDGTI-KNIGT-0/GJN 8QT\ÒINKEJ





&GPCT 5CEJUGPRHGPPKI   I 6GORGN CWH FGO XQTNKGIGPFGP 'ZGORNCT MCWO \W GTMGPPGP $TGKVGU   -TGW\&CPPGPDGTI-KNIGT-0/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT  5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



1921



&GPCT 5CEJUGPRHGPPKI   I +8+#)8&$84) -KTEJGPIGD·WFG&+ )4# 4': -TGW\ KP FGP   9KPMGNP1611&CPPGPDGTIXCT-KNIGT/I#-NWIG/GJNE5NI*CWUYCNFV  5GJTUEJÌP

 139


MAGDEBURG

1922



&GPCT 5CEJUGPRHGPPKI   I +8+)#&#$84) -KTEJGPIGD·WFG&+ )4# 4': -TGW\ KP FGP   9KPMGNP1661/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT  (CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



1923



1DQN 5CEJUGPRHGPPKI   I = ?/#)#&='$84)? -KTEJGPIGD·WFG0+&#8+'/-TGW\   &CPPGPDGTI-KNIGT/I#/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT   (GKPG2CVKPCGVYCUFG\GPVTKGTVUGJTUEJÌP



1924



&GPCT 5CEJUGPRHGPPKI I-KTEJGPIGD·WFG-TGW\&CPPGPDGTI-KNIGT/I*2/GJN

FKGU'ZGORNCT 5NI*CWUYCNFV 5GJTUEJÌP



$GKFGP7OUEJTKHVGPJCPFGNVGUUKEJWOGKPXGTDCNNJQTPVGU/#)#&'$84)CWHFGT8QTFGTWPF+001/+0'&0+ #/'0CWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG

1925

1927

1926



&GPCT 5CEJUGPRHGPPKI I-KTEJGPIGD·WFG-TGW\&CPPGPDGTI-KNIGT/I*2/GJN 5NI*CWUYCNFV 2T·IGUEJY·EJGUGJTUEJÌP





&GPCT 5CEJUGPRHGPPKI I-KTEJGPIGD·WFG-TGW\&CPPGPDGTI-KNIGT/I*2/GJN 5NI*CWUYCNFV 2T·IGUEJY·EJGUGJTUEJÌP





&GPCT 5CEJUGPRHGPPKI I-KTEJGPIGD·WFG-TGW\&CPPGPDGTI-KNIGT/I*2/GJN 5NI*CWUYCNFV *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCNGKEJVIGYGNNVWPFÒDNKEJG2T·IGUEJY·EJGUGJTUEJÌP



1928

5CEJUGPRHGPPKIGXQO6[R/GJN

1929





&KG HQNIGPFGP 6[RGP YWTFGP JÌEJUVYCJTUEJGKPNKEJ KP FGT 4GIKGTWPIU\GKV *GKPTKEJU ++     YCJTUEJGKPNKEJ WPVGT FGP 'T\DKUEJÌHGP 6CIKPQ   9CNVJCTF   QFGT )GTQ     IGRT·IV 

&GPCT 5CEJUGPRHGPPKI   I -KTEJGPIGD·WFG \W FGP 5GKVGP Q  Q-TGW\/GJNC FKGU'ZGO RNCT  5GJTUEJÌP





&GPCT 5CEJUGPRHGPPKI   I -KTEJGPIGD·WFG \W FGP 5GKVGP Æ  Û-TGW\ /GJN  D FKGU 'ZGO   RNCT  5GJTUEJÌP



140


MAGDEBURG

1930

1932

1931



&GPCT 5CEJUGPRHGPPKI   I -KTEJGPIGD·WFG-TGW\ -KNIGT /I *2  WPF  FQTV *CNNGp   )KGDKEJGPUVGKP /GJN 5GJTUEJÌP





&GPCT 5CEJUGPRHGPPKI   I -KTEJGPIGD·WFG FCTKP 4KPI-TGW\ -KNIGT /I *2  /GJN    (CUVUGJTUEJÌP



&KG &GPCTV[RGP /GJN  WPF /GJN  \GKIGP GKP ·JPNKEJGU /ÒP\DKNF &GT 7PVGTUEJKGF NKGIV KP FGT )TÌ­G FGU   5EJTÌVNKPIU WPF FGO &WTEJUEJPKVVUIGYKEJV % -KNIGT FGO CWEJ / /GJN HQNIV NGIV FKG MNGKPGTGP WPF NGKEJVGTGP   &GPCTGFGUXQTNKGIGPFGP6[RUKPFGP<GKVTCWO XIN/GJN/CIFGDWTI5 



1DQN 5CEJUGPRHGPPKI   I -KTEJGPIGD·WFG-TGW\ &CPPGPDGTI  XCT -KNIGT /I #  XCT   /GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT  445GJTUEJÌP



1933



&GPCT  ,CJTJWPFGTV  I 5%5 =/#84+?%+85 )GMTÌPVGT -QRH T /#)#=&'$8?4)   /CWGTOKV6QTQDGPGKP6WTO&CPPGPDGTI-KNIGT/I$/GJN5NI*CWUYCNFV  .GKEJVFG\GPVTKGTVWPFMN-TCV\GTUQPUVCVVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT



'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPIFG9KV#WMVKQP(TKV\4WFQNH-ÒPMGT1UPCDTÒEM0T  &KGUGT KP XGTUEJKGFGPGP $KNF WPF 7OUEJTKHVXCTKCPVGP XQTMQOOGPFG 6[RWU OKV FGO D·TVKIGP IGMTÌPVGP -QRH   IGJÌTV\WFGPFWTEJ(WPFGCODGUVGPDGNGIVGP&GPCTGPOKVFGO5VCFVPCOGP/#)&'$74)FGU,CJTJWPFGTVU &GTXQTNKGIGPFG6[R/GJNKUVFCDGKGTJGDNKEJUGNVGPGTCNUFKG'ZGORNCTG/GJNKPITÌ­GTGO(QTOCV

1934



&GPCT  ,CJTJWPFGTV  I 5=%5 /#84+%+?85 )GMTÌPVGT -QRH T= /#)?#&'$8=4)?   /CWGTOKV6QTQDGPGKP6WTO&CPPGPDGTIC-KNIGT/I$/GJNC  -N5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­UGJTUEJÌP



&CU2QTVCNKPFGT/CWGTDGUVGJVCWU\YGKPGDGPGKPCPFGTNCWHGPFGPIGRGTNVGP.KPKGP

1935



&GPCT  ,CJTJWPFGTV I 5%5/#84=+%+8?5)GMTÌPVGT-QRHT /#)#&'$84)/CWGT OKV6QTQDGPGKP6WTO&CPPGPDGTIC-KNIGT/I$/GJND FKGU'ZGORNCT   .GKEJVG2T·IGUEJY·EJGUGJTUEJÌP



&CU2QTVCNKPFGT/CWGTDGUVGJVCWU\YGKPGDGPGKPCPFGTNCWHGPFGPIGRGTNVGP.KPKGP+O$QIGPDGHKPFGVUKEJGKPG -WIGN

141


MAGDEBURG

1936



&GPCT  ,CJTJWPFGTV  I 5%5 /#84+%+85 )GMTÌPVGT -QRH T= /?#)#=&'$?84)  

TÒEMN·WHKI /CWGTOKV6QTQDGPGKP6WTO&CPPGPDGTIF-KNIGT/I$-NWIG/GJNC 5GJTUEJÌP



&CU2QTVCNKPFGT/CWGTDGUVGJVCWU\YGKPGDGPGKPCPFGTNCWHGPFGPINCVVGP.KPKGP

1937



&GPCT  ,CJTJWPFGTV  I 5%5 /#=84+%+85? )GMTÌPVGT -QRH T /#)#=&'$84)?  

TÒEMN·WHKI  /CWGT OKV 6QT QDGP GKP 6WTO \W FGP 5GKVGP LG GKP WPFGWVDCTGU <GKEJGP /GJN  FKGU   'ZGORNCT  44.GKEJVFG\GPVTKGTVUGJTUEJÌP

1939

1938







&GPCT  ,CJTJWPFGTV  I =5%5 /#?84+%+8=5? $GJGNOVGT -QRH T OKV (CJPG /=#)#&?   '$84)&TGK6ÒTOGOKV-TGW\GPCWH&QRRGNDQIGP&CPPGPDGTI-KNIGT/I$/GJN  4-N5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­UGJTUEJÌP



&GPCT  ,CJTJWPFGTV  I 5%=5 /#?8+%+=85? $GJGNOVGT -QRH T OKV (CJPG /#)#=&'?   $84)&TGK6ÒTOGOKV-TGW\GPCWH&QRRGNDQIGP&CPPGPDGTI-KNIGT/I$/GJN  45GJTUEJÌP



1940



&GPCT,CJTJWPFGTVI 5%5/#)#+%+)GMTÌPVGU$TWUVDKNFXXOKV5EJYGTVWPF.CP\G /#)#&'$84)6QTIGD·WFGOKV\YGK6ÒTOGP&CPPGPDGTI-KNIGT/I%/GJN  45GJTUEJÌP

1941



 142



1942

&GPCT  ,CJTJWPFGTV  I )GMTÌPVGU $TWUVDKNF X X OKV 5EJYGTV WPF .CP\G6QTIGD·WFG OKV   \YGK6ÒTOGP&CPPGPDGTI-KNIGT/I%/GJN5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV  4(CUVUGJTUEJÌP



&GPCT  ,CJTJWPFGTV  I )GMTÌPVGU $TWUVDKNF X X OKV .CP\G WPF 5EJYGTV6QTIGD·WFG OKV   \YGK6ÒTOGP/GJN5NI*CWUYCNFV 4-PCRRGT5EJTÌVNKPIHCUVUGJTUEJÌP




MAGDEBURG

1943



&GPCT  ,CJTJWPFGTV 2T·IWPI PCEJ #TV FGT 5CEJUGPRHGPPKIG  I $TWUVDKNF N-TGW\ KP FGP   9KPMGNP\YGKOCN4KPIWPF-WIGN&CPPGPDGTIp-KNIGTp  .GKEJVIGYGNNVWPF2T·IGUEJY·EJGHCUVUGJTUEJÌP



&KGXQTNKGIGPFG2T·IWPIMQPPVGPKEJV\WIGYKGUGPYGTFGP5KGYGKUVCNNGTFKPIU/GTMOCNGFGT5CEJUGPRHGPPKIGCWH YKG UKG KO /CIFGDWTIGT 4CWO IGRT·IV YQTFGP UKPF &KG 4ÒEMUGKVG OKV FGO -TGW\ WPF FGT CWU -GKNGP WPF    -WIGNPDGUVGJGPFGP6TWIUEJTKHVGTKPPGTVCPFGP6[R-KNIGT5CN&&KG-QODKPCVKQPGKPGTUQNEJGP4ÒEMUGKVGOKV GKPGO$TWUVDKNFCWHFGT8QTFGTUGKVGKUVCNNGTFKPIUYGFGTDGK%-KNIGTPQEJDGK*&CPPGPDGTIXGT\GKEJPGV$KUCWH YGKVGTGUDGNCUUGPYKTFKGUGPCPUEJGKPGPFWPDGMCPPVGP6[R OÌINKEJGTYGKUGGKP$GKUEJNCI FGUJCNDCPFKGUGT5VGNNG DGKFGP5CEJUGPRHGPPKIGPFGU/CIFGDWTIGT4CWOU

1944

&#5'4<$+567/814 $GTGKVUKPHT·PMKUEJGT<GKVDGHCPFUKEJCPFGT5VGNNGFGUJGWVKIGP/CIFGDWTIGKP(GTPJCPFGNURNCV\FGT KO &KGFGPJQHGT -CRKVWNCT -CTNU FGU )TQ­GP XQP  CNU /CICFQDWTI 'TY·JPWPI HKPFGV 7PVGT FGP   U·EJUKUEJGP.KWFQNHKPIGTP1VVQPGPTÒEMVG/CIFGDWTIKPU<GPVTWOFGURQNKVKUEJGP+PVGTGUUGUCNU1VVQ+

 GUUGKPGTGTUVGP)GOCJNKPFGTCPIGNU·EJUKUEJGP2TKP\GUUKP'FIKVJCNU/QTIGPICDGÒDGT GKIPGVG&CU$GPGFKMVKPGTMNQUVGT5V/CWTKVKWUKP/CIFGDWTIYWTFGKO,CJTGXQP1VVQ+IGITÒPFGV #WHITWPF FGT UVTCVGIKUEJ IÒPUVKIGP .CIG CP FGT 'NDG YWTFG /CIFGDWTI  \WO 'T\DKUVWO GTPCPPV   2TQVGUVGPCWUFGO'T\DKUVWO/CKP\WPFFGO$KUVWO*CNDGTUVCFV\WO6TQV\G<KGNYCTGUGKP<GPVTWO HÒT FKG /KUUKQPKGTWPI UNCYKUEJGT )GDKGVG ÌUVNKEJ FGT 'NDG \W UEJCHHGP 7PVGTUVGNNVG $KUVÒOGT YCTGP   $TCPFGPDWTI*CXGNDGTI<GKV\/GK­GPWPF/GTUGDWTI<WT'THÒNNWPIFKGUGT#WHICDGYWTFGFCU'T\ DKUVWOXQP1VVQ+FWTEJITQ­GP.CPFDGUKV\MÌPKINKEJG'KPMÒPHVGWPFPWV\DCTG4GEJVG WCFCU/ÒP\ TGEJV DGIÒPUVKIV5GKPGOKUUKQPCTKUEJGP6·VKIMGKVGPMQPPVG/CIFGDWTILGFQEJPWTMWT\G<GKVCWUHÒJTGP FC KO 5NCYGPCWHUVCPF XQP  WOHCPITGKEJG )GDKGVG ÌUVNKEJ FGT 'NDG FGO FKTGMVGP <WITKHH GPV\QIGP   YWTFGP/CIFGDWTIXGTNQTKPFGT(QNIG\GKVCP$GFGWVWPIHÒTFKGUCNKUEJGP-CKUGT'TUVKO,JWPVGT $KUEJQH 9KEJOCPP   MQPPVG GKPG .CPFGUJGTTUEJCHV KP QUVGNDKUEJGP )GDKGVGP GTTKEJVGV   YGTFGP 9GKVGTG 8GTUWEJG ÌUVNKEJGT 'ZRCPUKQPGP DNKGDGP LGFQEJ YGKVGUVIGJGPF QJPG 'THQNI 7PVGT   UGKPGO$KUEJQH.WFQNH  IGTKGV/CIFGDWTIKPFGPUVCWHKUEJYGNHKUEJGP6JTQPUVTGKV\WP·EJUV CWH5GKVGPFGU5VCWHGTU2JKNNKRXQP5EJYCDGP  7PVGT.WFQNHU0CEJHQNIGT#NDTGEJV+    WPVGTUVÒV\VG FCU 'T\DKUVWO FCPP FGP 9GNHGP 1VVQ +8   0CEJ FGT <GKV FGU +PVGTTGI   PWOU KP FGT /CIFGDWTI HÒT FKG -CKUGT YGPKIGT YKEJVKI YCT IGYCPP GU WPVGT -CTN +8     YKGFGTUV·TMGTCP$GFGWVWPIHÒTFKG4GKEJURQNKVKM   )KUGNJGT  



ªDGT FKG (COKNKG )KUGNJGTU KUV PKEJVU DGMCPPV FQEJ UVCOOVG GT YQJN CWU GKPGO CFNKIGP )GUEJNGEJV    FGT )GIGPF XQP )ÒUVGP DGK #UEJGTUNGDGP 5GKPG IGKUVNKEJG #WUDKNFWPI GTJKGNV GT KO /QTKV\MNQUVGT   XQP /CIFGDWTI DGXQT GT 8QTUVGJGT FGT MCKUGTNKEJGP -CRGNNG 1VVQU +   YWTFG  YWTFG GT   $KUEJQHXQP/GTUGDWTI#O0QXGODGTYWTFG)KUGNJGTOKVFGT<WUVKOOWPI1VVQU++   WPF2CRUV$GPGFKMV8++  \WO'T\DKUEJQHXQP/CIFGDWTIGTJQDGP&COKVXGTDWPFGPYCTFKG #WHJGDWPI FGU $KUVWOU /GTUGDWTI FGUUGP $GUKV\ CP FKG $KUEJÌHG XQP *CNDGTUVCFV <GKV\ WPF /GK­GP   XGTVGKNVYWTFGYQDGKUKEJ)KUGNJGTGKPGPDGFGWVGPFGP6GKNUGNDUV\WUEJNWIMCOGUWPVGT-CKUGT 1VVQ+++  \WGKPGT7PVGTUWEJWPIFGU8QTICPIUDGKFGT)KUGNJGTCWHIGHQTFGTVYWTFGPCEJ\W YGKUGPFCUUGTPKEJVCWU*CDUWEJVPCEJFGO#OVFGU'T\DKUEJQHUIGUVTGDVJCDG&GT5CEJXGTJCNVYWTFG LGFQEJPKEJVCWHIGMN·TVFC)KUGNJGTGTMTCPMVGWPFCO,CPWCTXGTUVCTDQJPG\WFGP8QTYÒTHGP 5VGNNWPIIGPQOOGP\WJCDGP &GPCTI-KTEJGPIGD·WFG-TGW\&CPPGPDGTI-KNIGT/I#/GJN5NI*CWUYCNFV -N2T·IGUEJY·EJGCO4CPFUGJTUEJÌP



'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPIFG9KV#WMVKQP(TKV\4WFQNH-ÒPMGT1UPCDTÒEM0T

143


MAGDEBURG

1945

*CTVYKIXQP5RQPJGKO





*CTVYKI YCT FGT 5QJP FGU TJGKPHT·PMKUEJGP )TCHGP 5KGIHTKGF XQP 5RQPJGKO WPF UGKPGT )GOCJNKP   4KEJCTFKUXQP.CXCPV#NU#PJ·PIGTFGU4GHQTORCRUVGU)TGIQT8++  UVCPFGTKO+PXGUVKVWT UVTGKV CWH FGT 5GKVG FGT )GIPGT -CKUGT *GKPTKEJU +8   'T WPVGTUVÒV\VG FKG )GIGPMÌPKIG   4WFQNHXQP4JGKPHGNFGP  WPF*GTOCPPXQP5CNO  WPFOWUUVGMWT\HTKUVKIKPU'ZKN PCEJ &·PGOCTM IGJGP CNU FKG 6TWRRGP *GKPTKEJU +8 /CIFGDWTI GTQDGTVGP 0CEJ FGT #WUUÌJPWPI   *GTOCPPUOKVFGO-CKUGTGTNCPIVGCWEJ*CTVYKI8GT\GKJWPIWPFYWTFGKPUGKPGO#OVDGUV·VKIVYCU KJPLGFQEJPKEJVFCXQPCDJKGNVYGKVGTIGIGPFGP-ÌPKI\WKPVTKIKGTGP'TXGTUVCTDCO,WPKWPF UGKP .GKEJPCO YWTFG KO /CIFGDWTIGT &QO DGKIGUGV\V YQJKPIGIGP FKG 'KPIGYGKFG KP FGT -KTEJG \W   -NQUVGT$GTIGTWJGP 

&GPCT  I $TWUVDKNF FGU 'T\DKUEJQHU X X OKV -TWOOUVCD T KO (GNF 5/CWGTTKPI OKV FTGK   6ÒTOGP&CPPGPDGTI-KNIGT/I&+/GJN  44-N5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­WPFGVYCUFG\GPVTKGTVUGJTUEJÌP



1946



&GPCT  I 66#'%1$TWUVDKNF FGU 'T\DKUEJQHU X X OKV -TWOOUVCD##%') 6QTIG   D·WFGOKV\YGK6ÒTOGPFCTKP\YGKYGKVGTG6ÒTOGOKV-TGW\\YKUEJGPKJPGP&CPPGPDGTI-KNIGT /I&/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT 5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV 5GJTUEJÌP

&KG 8QTFGTUGKVGPWOUEJTKHV PGPPV FGP QHVOCNU UVCTM GPVUVGNNVGP 0COGP GKPGU -CKUGTU 1VVQ 1661 +/2 #8)  +O   <GPVTWOFGT4ÒEMUGKVG\YKUEJGPFGPDGKFGP/KVVGNVÒTOGPKUVFGT<GPVTKGTRWPMVFGU5VGORGNUEJPGKFGTU\WGTMGPPGP



1947



&GPCTI$TWUVDKNFFGU'T\DKUEJQHUXXOKV-TWOOUVCD=/#?)#&'=$?8=4)?6QTIGD·WFGOKV \YGK6ÒTOGPFCTKP\YGKYGKVGTG6ÒTOGOKV-TGW\\YKUEJGPKJPGP&CPPGPDGTI-KNIGT/I& /GJN5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV 5GJTUEJÌP





&GPCT $TWUVDKNF FGU 'T\DKUEJQHU X X OKV -TWOOUVCD6QTIGD·WFG OKV \YGK 6ÒTOGP FCTKP \YGK   YGKVGTG6ÒTOGOKV-TGW\\YKUEJGPKJPGP&CPPGPDGTI-KNIGT/I&/GJN5NI$QPJQHH 5NI*CWUYCNFV 5VÒEM6GKNYGKUGMQTTQFKGTVFGT)GUCOVGKPFTWEMKUVUGJTUEJÌP



1949

 144

&GPCT  I $TWUVDKNF FGU 'T\DKUEJQHU X X OKV -TWOOUVCD WPF -TGW\HCJPG6QTIGD·WFG OKV XKGT   6ÒTOGP&CPPGPDGTI/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT  (CUVUGJTUEJÌP




MAGDEBURG

1950



&GPCT  I $TWUVDKNF FGU 'T\DKUEJQH X X OKV -TWOOUVCD ÒDGT FGT NKPMGP 5EJWNVGTCEJVUVTCJNKIGT 5VGTP6QTIGD·WFGOKVXKGT6ÒTOGPQDGPCEJVUVTCJNKIGT5VGTP&CPPGPDGTI-KNIGT/I&/GJN 5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV  #W­GTIGYÌJPNKEJIWVCWUIGRT·IVGU'ZGORNCTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



1951



&GPCT GKPUGKVKIGT#DUEJNCI I6QTIGD·WFGOKVXKGT6ÒTOGP\YKUEJGPFGPDGKFGP/KVVGNVÒTOGP GKP CEJVUVTCJNKIGT 5VGTP &CPPGPDGTI  -KNIGT /I &  /GJN  #PO 5NI $QPJQHH    5NI*CWUYCNFV 44&WPMNG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP



1952



&GPCT  I )GMTÌPVGT D·TVKIGT -QRH N6QTIGD·WFG OKV \YGK 6ÒTOGP FCTÒDGT -TGW\UVCD KP FGP   9KPMGNPFGU-TGW\GULGGKPG-WIGN/GJN5NI*CWUYCNFV  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



1953



&GPCTI$TWUVDKNFFGU'T\DKUEJQHUXXOKV-TWOOWPF-TGW\UVCD)GD·WFGOKVXKGT6ÒTOGP CWUFGTGP/KVVGUKEJGKP-TGW\UVCDGTJGDVKPFGP9KPMGNPFGU-TGW\GULGGKPG-WIGN&CPPGPDGTI C-KNIGT/I&/GJN5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV 2T·IGUEJY·EJGHCUVUGJTUEJÌP



1954



&GPCTI$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/QTKV\XXOKV(CJPGPNCP\GÒDGTFGTNKPMGP5EJWNVGTCEJVUVTCJNK IGT !  5VGTPªDGT GKPGO $QIGP )GD·WFG OKV 5RKV\IKGDGN \YKUEJGP \YGK 6ÒTOGP &CPPGPDGTI    -KNIGT/I%/GJNC5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV 'VYCUMPCRRGT5EJTÌVNKPIUGJTUEJÌP

 145


MAGDEBURG

1955



&GPCTI$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/QTKV\XXOKV(CJPGPNCP\GÒDGTFGTNKPMGP5EJWNVGTUGEJUUVTCJ NKIGT 5VGTPªDGT GKPGO $QIGP )GD·WFG OKV 5RKV\IKGDGN \YKUEJGP \YGK 6ÒTOGP &CPPGPDGTI    -KNIGT/I%/GJND5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV 4(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



1956



&ÒPPRHGPPKI  I $TWUVDKNF FGU 'T\DKUEJQHU X X OKV -TWOO WPF -TGW\UVCD)GD·WFG OKV URKV   \GO/KVVGNVWTO\YKUEJGP\YGKUEJNCPMGP5GKVGPVÒTOGP$GTIGT/GJN 5GJTUEJÌP



&GT XQTNKGIGPFG 6[R KUV FKG GTUVG HÒT /CIFGDWTI DGNGIVG &ÒPPRHGPPKIRT·IWPI FGTGP )TÌ­G FKG DKUJGT IGRT·IVGP   &GPCTGFGWVNKEJÒDGTVTKHHV&KG<WYGKUWPICP'T\DKUEJQH*CTVYKIGTIKDVUKEJFWTEJFCU8QTMQOOGPKPFGOWO XGTDQTIGPGP(WPFXQP*CXGNDGTI XIN/GJN/CIFGDWTI5 

1957



1958

&ÒPPRHGPPKI  I 5+)'(4+6 &TGKVÒTOKIGU -KTEJGP )GD·WFG \W FGP 5GKVGP FGU /KVVGNVWTOU LG   GKPCEJUVTCJNKIGT5VGTP&CPPGPDGTI/GJNC FKGU'ZGORNCT 5NI*CWUYCNFV  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV4CPFCDDTWEJUQPUVHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



8QP FGP FTGK &GPCTGP &ÒPPRHGPPKIGP  /GJN  IKDV GU LGYGKNU IGUQPFGTV CDIGUEJNCIGPG 6[RGP OKV 8QTFGT  

/GJN   QFGT 4ÒEMUGKVGPUVGORGN /GJN   UQYKG FKG <WUCOOGPHÒJTWPI DGKFGT 5VGORGN /GJN   \W GKPGO   \YGKUGKVKIGP &ÒPPRHGPPKI 5KG DKNFGP FCOKV FKG )TGP\G XQP FGT \YGKUGKVKIGP 2HGPPKIRT·IWPI JKP \WT GKPUGKVKIGP   $TCMVGCVGPRT·IWPI XIN/GJN/CIFGDWTI5 #WHFKG$GFGWVWPIFGUCWHFKGUGO&ÒPPRHGPPKIIGOGKPUCOOKV FGO'T\DKUEJQH *'04+85#IGPCPPVGP 5+)'(4+6#IGJV//GJNPKEJVGKP*&CPPGPDGTIXGTOWVGVGFCUU GU UKEJ DGK FKGUGO 5KGIHTKGF WO FGP 8QIV JCPFGNP MÌPPVG &CPPGPDGTI $F  5   &GOPCEJ YÒTFG FCU #   JKPVGT*'04+85HÒT'T\DKUEJQH NVCTEJKGRKUEQRWU UVGJGPYQJKPIGIGPFCU#JKPVGT5+)'(4+6FKG6KVWNCVWTFGU 8QIVGU NCV CFXQECVWU  YKGFGTIGDGP OÒUUVG $GK FGO XQTNKGIGPFGP 'ZGORNCT JCPFGNV GU UKEJ WO FKG 8CTKCPVG   QJPG#



146

&ÒPPRHGPPKII 5+)='(?4+6&TGKVÒTOKIGU -KTEJGP )GD·WFG\WFGP5GKVGPFGU/KVVGNVWTOULG GKPCEJUVTCJNKIGT5VGTP&CPPGPDGTI/GJNC5NI*CWUYCNFV  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV-PKEMURWT JKPVGTMNGDV UQPUVUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ




MAGDEBURG

1959

#FGNIQVXQP8GNVJGKO





'T YCT FGT 5QJP FGU )TCHGP 9GTPGT XQP 1UVGTDWTI WPF 8GNVJGKO WPF &QORTQDUV XQP *CNDGTUVCFV   DGXQT KJP *GKPTKEJ 8   \WO 'T\DKUEJQH XQP /CIFGDWTI GTJQD +P FGT (QNIG\GKV GPVHGTPVG   UKEJ#FGNIQVLGFQEJXQPUGKPGOGKPUVKIGP)ÌPPGTWPFUVCPFCWHFGT5GKVGFGTU·EJUKUEJGP#FGNKIGPFKG FGO-CKUGTCO(GDTWCTCO9GNHGUJQN\GKPGGORHKPFNKEJG0KGFGTNCIGDGKDTCEJVGP&KGFWTEJ *GKPTKEJ 8 CWUIGURTQEJGPG #OVUGPVJGDWPI #FGNIQVU DNKGD QJPG 9KTMWPI FC FGP -CKUGT MWT\ FCTCWH   FGT $CPPUVTCJN 2CRUV 2CUEJCNKU ++   VTCH 'T UVCTD CO  ,WPK  WPF YWTFG KO -NQUVGT   0GWYGTMDGK*CNNGCPFGT5CCNGDGUVCVVGV 

&GPCT  I $TWUVDKNF FGU 'T\DKUEJQHU X X OKV -TWOOUVCD WPF CWHIGUEJNCIGPGO $WEJ-TGW\ KP   FGP9KPMGNPLGGKPG-WIGN&CPPGPDGTI/GJN5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKVªDNKEJG2T·IGUEJY·EJGHCUVUGJTUEJÌP



1960



$TCMVGCV*CNNGI$TWUVDKNFFGU$KUEJQHUXXOKV(CJPGTKO(GNFGKP5VGTP$GTIGT/GJNp 5NI$QPJQHH5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5NI.ÌDDGEMG 5GJTUEJÌP



1961

-QPTCF+XQP3WGTHWTV





-QPTCF5QJPFGU'FNGP)GDJCTFXQP3WGTHWTVYWTFGPCEJFGO6QF'T\DKUEJQH#FGNIQVUXQP8GNVJGKO

  XQO /CIFGDWTIGT &QOMCRKVGN \W FGUUGP 0CEJHQNIGT IGY·JNV &C GT LGFQEJ PKEJV FKG   <WUVKOOWPI FGU 2CRUVGU GTJKGNV YWTFG \WP·EJUV 0QTDGTV XQP )GPPGR   'T\DKUEJQH 0CEJ   FGUUGP6QFYWTFG-QPTCFGTPGWVXQO&QOMCRKVGNIGY·JNVWPFCPUEJNKG­GPFXQPUGKPGO8GVVGT-CKUGT .QVJCT+++XQP5WRRNKPDWTI  KO#OVDGUV·VKIV+PFGOPCEJFGO6QF.QVJCTUCWUDTGEJGPFGP 6JTQPUVTGKVUVCPF-QPTCFCWHFGT5GKVG*GKPTKEJUFGU5VQN\GP *GT\QIXQP5CEJUGPWPF  *GT\QI XQP $C[GTP  WPF FCOKV KP 1RRQUKVKQP \W FGO 5VCWHGT -QPTCF +++ 'T\DKUEJQH -QPTCF   XGTUVCTDCO/CKUQFCUUFKGUG)GIPGTUEJCHVHÒTKJPTGKEJURQNKVKUEJQJPGYGKVGTG(QNIGPDNKGD 

&ÒPPRHGPPKII= %10?4#&8=5#4%*+?$TWUVDKNFFGU'T\DKUEJQHUXXOKV-TWOOUVCDÒDGT FGT NKPMGP 5EJWNVGT GKP CEJVUVTCJNKIGT 5VGTP= /#84+%+8?5 $TWUVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP /QTKV\ X X   (CJPGPNCP\G WPF 5EJKNF ÒDGT FGT NKPMGP 5EJWNVGT GKP CEJVUVTCJNKIGT 5VGTP /GJN  FKGU 'ZGORNCT    $GKFUGKVKIIWVCWUIGRT·IVGUXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT



1962



&ÒPPRHGPPKI  I %104=#&85 #4%*+? $TWUVDKNF FGU 'T\DKUEJQHU X X OKV -TWOOUVCD ÒDGT   FGT NKPMGP 5EJWNVGT GKP CEJVUVTCJNKIGT 5VGTP= /#84+?%+85 $TWUVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP /QTKV\ X X   (CJPGPNCP\GWPF5EJKNFÒDGTFGTNKPMGP5EJWNVGTGKPCEJVUVTCJNKIGT5VGTP/GJN  'VYCUMPCRRGT5EJTÌVNKPIUGJTUEJÌP

 147


MAGDEBURG

1963



&ÒPPRHGPPKI  I =%804#&85 #4%*+?'25 $TWUVDKNF FGU 'T\DKUEJQHU X X OKV -TWOO WPF   -TGW\UVCDÒDGTLGFGT5EJWNVGTGKPCEJVUVTCJNKIGT5VGTP /#=)#6*#$84%?*&TGKVÒTOKIGU)GD·WFG \WFGP5GKVGPFGU/KVVGNVWTOULGGKPCEJVUVTCJNKIGT5VGTP$GTIGT/GJN 48QT\ÒINKEJ



1964



&ÒPPRHGPPKII= %804#&85?#4%*+='25?$TWUVDKNFFGU'T\DKUEJQHUXXOKV-TWOOWPF -TGW\UVCDÒDGTLGFGT5EJWNVGTGKPCEJVUVTCJNKIGT5VGTP /#=)#6*#$84%?*&TGKVÒTOKIGU)GD·WFG \WFGP5GKVGPFGU/KVVGNVWTOULGGKPCEJVUVTCJNKIGT5VGTP$GTIGT/GJN 45GJTUEJÌP



1965



&ÒPPRHGPPKII= %8?04#&=85#4%*+'25?$TWUVDKNFFGU'T\DKUEJQHUXXOKV-TWOOWPF -TGW\UVCDÒDGTLGFGT5EJWNVGTGKPCEJVUVTCJNKIGT5VGTP= /#)#6*#$84%*?&TGKVÒTOKIGU)GD·WFG \WFGP5GKVGPFGU/KVVGNVWTOULGGKPCEJVUVTCJNKIGT5VGTP$GTIGT/GJN  45GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



1966



&ÒPPRHGPPKII= /#8?4+%+85$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/QTKV\XXOKV(CJPGPNCP\GWPF5EJKNF ÒDGT FGT NKPMGP 5EJWNVGT GKP CEJVUVTCJNKIGT 5VGTP /=#)'&'$84)?* )GD·WFG OKV URKV\GO &CEJ   \YKUEJGP \YGK -TGW\UV·DGP \W FGP 5GKVGP WPF WPVGT FGO )GD·WFG LGYGKNU GKP CEJVUVTCJNKIGT 5VGTP   $GTIGT/GJN 4(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



1967



148

&ÒPPRHGPPKI  I = /#8?4+%+=85? $TWUVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP /QTKV\ X X OKV (CJPGPNCP\G WPF   5EJKNF ÒDGT FGT NKPMGP 5EJWNVGT GKP CEJVUVTCJNKIGT 5VGTP= /#)'&'?$84)* )GD·WFG OKV URKV\GO   &CEJ\YKUEJGP\YGK-TGW\UV·DGP\WFGP5GKVGPWPFWPVGTFGO)GD·WFGLGYGKNUGKPCEJVUVTCJNKIGT5VGTP $GTIGT/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT  4&G\GPVTKGTVXQT\ÒINKEJ




MAGDEBURG

1968



&ÒPPRHGPPKI  I $TWUVDKNF FGU 'T\DKUEJQHU N OKV -TWOOUVCD&TGKVÒTOKIGU -KTEJGPIGD·WFG   $GTIGT FQTVWPVGT0CWODWTI$H&KGVTKEJ+p &CPPGPDGTI FQTVWPVGT0CWODWTI WPDGUVKOOVG$KUEJQHUOÒP\GP /GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT  44ªDNKEJG2T·IGUEJY·EJGUGJTUEJÌP

1969





1970

$TCMVGCV *CNNG  I %104 '2+5%12 5 =/#84+%+85? $TWUVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP /QTKV\ T KJO   IGIGPÒDGT FGT 'T\DKUEJQH OKV -TWOOUVCD DGKFG JCNVGP GKPGP KP FGT /KVVG CWH $QIGP UVGJGPFGP   -TGW\UVCD$GTIGT/GJN5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV.GKEJVFG\GPVTKGTVUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ  'ZGORNCTFGT#WMVKQP(TKV\4WFQNH-ÒPMGT1UPCDTÒEM0T  /KVCNVGO7PVGTNGI\GVVGNFGT(KTOC#4KGEJOCPP%Q*CNNG 5CCNG   +P FGT 5COONWPI *QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV 0T   YKTF FGT XQTNKGIGPFG 6[R CNU FGT ·NVGUVGDTGKVG$TCMVGCVFGU'T\DK UVWOU/CIFGDWTIDG\GKEJPGV



$TCMVGCV *CNNG  I %104 '2+5%12 5 =/#84+%+85? $TWUVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP /QTKV\ T KJO   IGIGPÒDGT FGT 'T\DKUEJQH OKV -TWOOUVCD DGKFG JCNVGP GKPGP KP FGT /KVVG CWH $QIGP UVGJGPFGP   -TGW\UVCD$GTIGT/GJN5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV  442T·IGUEJY·EJGUGJTUEJÌP

1971







1972

$TCMVGCV*CNNGI %804#&85#4%*+'285*ÒHVDKNFFGU$KUEJQHUXXOKVUGIPGPFGT4GEJVGP WPF-TWOOUVCD$GTIGT/GJN5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI.ÌDDGEMG  44*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCMN4CPFCWUDTÒEJGUGJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCV *CNNG  I %804#=&85? #4'2 *ÒHVDKNF FGU 'T\DKUEJQHU X X OKV -TWOOUVCD WPF   2CNOG \YKUEJGP \YGK 6ÒTOGP CWH FGT $TWUV -TGW\ $GTIGT  /GJN  5NI $QPJQHH    5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5NI.ÌDDGEMG  42T·IGUEJY·EJGCO4CPFUQPUVCVVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCTOKVJÒDUEJGT2CVKPC

 149


MAGDEBURG

1973

(TKGFTKEJ+





ªDGT FKG *GTMWPHV (TKGFTKEJU KUV PKEJVU DGMCPPV $GXQT GT \WO 'T\DKUEJQH XQP /CIFGDWTI IGY·JNV   YWTFGUQNNGT2TQDUV\W$KDTCIGYGUGPUGKP$KUCWHGKPG4GKJGXQP(GNF\ÒIGPIGIGPFKGJGKFPKUEJGP 5NCYGP CD  KUV FKG #OVU\GKV (TKGFTKEJU YGKVGUVIGJGPF QJPG DGUQPFGTG 8QTMQOOPKUUG IGDNKGDGP   #NNGTFKPIUIGNCPIKJOGKPG(ÌTFGTWPIWPF'TYGKVGTWPIFGT$GUKV\VÒOGTFGT/CIFGDWTIGT-KTEJG WC KPFGP5VKHVGP*CXGNDGTIWPF$TCPFGPDWTIUQYKGFGP-NÌUVGTP)QVVGUIPCFGPWPF.GKV\MCW DGXQTGTCO ,CPWCTXGTUVCTD 

&ÒPPRHGPPKII= (?4+6*'4+%#=4%*+'?$TWUVDKNFFGU'T\DKUEJQHUXXOKV-TWOOUVCDWPF CWHIGUEJNCIGPGO $WEJ FCTÒDGT -TGW\= 5 /#84+%+85? $TWUVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP /QTKV\ X X OKV   (CJPGPNCP\GWPF5EJKNFTKO(GNF-TGW\$GTIGT/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT   44-N2T·IGUEJY·EJGCO4CPFUQPUVXQT\ÒINKEJ

1974







1975

$TCMVGCV  I = /#)?&'$8=4%*? &TGK 6ÒTOG OKV-TGW\GPWPVGTFGP\YGK·W­GTGP6ÒTOGPLG GKPG -WIGN N WPF T QDGP KO (GNF LG GKP 5VGTP WPVGP &QRRGNDQIGP KO KPPGTGP $QIGP GKPG -WIGN   $GTIGT/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT  44(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT



$TCMVGCV  I (4+6*'4+% ) #=4%*+'25? $TWUVDKNF FGU 'T\DKUEJQHU X X OKV -TWOOUVCD   \YKUEJGP\YGK5VGTPGP\YGK-WIGNPWPF\YGKMNGKPGP-TWOOUV·DGP$GTIGT/GJN0CW &KG <GKVFGT5VCWHGT 5NI$QPJQHH5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5NI.ÌDDGEMG  -N2T·IGUEJY·EJGCO4CPFUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



1976

1977



$TCMVGCV  I (4+&'4+%85 Û #Q4%*+'2+ $TWUVDKNF FGU 'T\DKUEJQHU X X OKV -TWOOUVCD WPF   CWHIGUEJNCIGPGO$WEJT2CNO\YGKI/GJN 8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV5GJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCVI&GTJGKNKIG/QTKV\OKV5EJKNFWPF(CJPGÒDGT/CWGT\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP6WTO/GJN

FKGU'ZGORNCT 5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV.GKEJVFG\GPVTKGTVUQPUVUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCTOKVJÒDUEJGT2CVKPC



'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPIFG9KV#WMVKQP(TKV\4WFQNH-ÒPMGT1UPCDTÒEM0T  &KG )GUVCNVWPI FGU JGKNKIGP /QTKV\ CWH FGP /CIFGDWTIGT $TCMVGCVGP FKGPVG QHHGPDCT CNU 8QTDKNF HÒT GKPKIG   $TCPFGPDWTIGT2T·IWPIGP XINFGP-QOOGPVCTDGK0CW&KG<GKVFGT5VCWHGT0TWPFKPFGT5NIFG9KV 2CTV++50T CWUFGT<GKVFGT/CTMITCHGP#NDTGEJVU+FGU$·TGP  WPF1VVQU+  

150


MAGDEBURG

1979

1978





$TCMVGCVI 5%5/#84+%+85$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/QTKV\XXOKV5EJYGTVWPF5EJKNFWPVGT &TGKDQIGP OKV HÒPH 6ÒTOGP ÒDGT FGO 5EJKNF CEJVUVTCJNKIGT 5VGTP /GJN  5NI *CWUYCNFV    5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV 445GJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCV  I  =5%5 /?#84+%+85 $TWUVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP /QTKV\ X X OKV 5EJYGTV WPF (CJPG   JKPVGT GKPGT /CWGT OKV 6ÒTOGP $GTIGT  /GJN  5NI $QPJQHH  5NI *CWUYCNFV    5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5NI.ÌDDGEMG *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP



1981

1980



$TCMVGCVI 5%5Û/#84+%+85&GTJGKNKIG/QTKV\UVGJVXXOKV(CJPGPNCP\GWPF5EJKNF\W FGP 5GKVGP LG GKP 6WTO KO (GNF 8 WPF -TGW\ $GTIGT  /GJN  0CW &KG <GKV FGT 5VCWHGT     5NI $QPJQHH  FQTV WPVGT 'T\DKUEJQH 9KEJOCPP XQP 5GGDWTI  5NI *CWUYCNFV    5NI *QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV  FQTV WPVGT 'T\DKUEJQH 9KEJOCPP XQP 5GGDWTI  5NI .ÌDDGEMG  FQTV   WPVGT'T\DKUEJQH9KEJOCPPXQP5GGDWTI   42T·IGUEJY·EJGCO4CPFUQPUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU2TCEJVGZGORNCTOKVJÒDUEJGT2CVKPC



'ZGORNCTFGT#WMVKQP(TKV\4WFQNH-ÒPMGT1UPCDTÒEM0T



$TCMVGCVIÛ5%=5/#?84+%+85Û$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/QTKV\TOKV5EJKNFWPF(CJPGPNCP\G WPVGT/CWGTDQIGPÒDGTFGO5EJKNF.KNKG/GJN5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI.ÌDDGEMG5WJNG 449KP\4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP



1982



$TCMVGCVWO*CNNGI /10'6#*#..'05+5*ÒHVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/QTKV\XXOKV*GKNKIGP UEJGKPWPFWOIGNGIVGO/CPVGNKPFGT4GEJVGP(CJPGKPFGT.KPMGP5EJYGTV$GTIGT/GJN 0CW &KG<GKVFGT5VCWHGT 5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5NI.ÌDDGEMG  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV*GTTNKEJG2CVKPCMN2T·IGUEJY·EJGCO4CPFUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



'ZGORNCTFGT#WMVKQP(TKV\4WFQNH-ÒPMGT1UPCDTÒEM0T  /KVCNVGO7PVGTNGI\GVVGNFGT(KTOC#4KGEJOCPP%Q*CNNG 5CCNG    &KG <WYGKUWPI FGUXQTNKGIGPFGP$TCMVGCVGPCPGKPGPDGUVKOOVGP/CIFGDWTIGT$KUEJQHKUVPKEJV\YGKHGNUHTGKOÌI NKEJ$GTIGTWPFFKG5NI.ÌDDGEMG 0T PGJOGPGKPG2T·IWPIWOFCU,CJTWPVGT(TKGFTKEJ+XQP9GVVKP

  CP YQJKPIGIGP FGT -CVCNQI FGT 5NI *QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV FGP 6[R WPVGT -QPTCF + XQP 3WGTHWTV      GKPQTFPGV +P FGT 5NI *CWUYCNFV YGTFGP FKG CPQP[OGP /CWTKVKWUDTCMVGCVGP FKGUGT 2T·IWPI QJPG P·JGTG   <WQTFPWPI NGFKINKEJ WPVGT <GKV FGT 'T\DKUEJÌHG -QPTCF WPF (TKGFTKEJ CWHIGNKUVGV / /GJN UEJTGKDV KP UGKPGT   2WDNKMCVKQP&CCNNGT9CJTUEJGKPNKEJMGKVPCEJFCXQPCWU\WIGJGPKUVFCUU/ÒP\GPOKVFGO$KNFGFGU'T\DKUEJQHU KP*CNNG/QTKV\RHGPPKIGKP/CIFGDWTIIGRT·IVYQTFGPUKPFGTTGIVFGTHQNIGPFG$TCMVGCVWPUGT'TUVCWPGPKPUQHGTP CNUJKGTFCU$KNFFGU*GKNKIGPIG\GKIVCDGTFGT1TVUPCOG*CNNGIGPCPPVYKTF /GJN/CIFGDWTI5 

151


MAGDEBURG

1985

1983

1984

&+'4'+%*5/ª0<5666'*#..'706'4(4+'&4+%*+   

(TKGFTKEJ+$CTDCTQUUC$TCMVGCV*CNNGI)GMTÌPVGU$TWUVDKNFFGU-CKUGTUXXOKV -WIGN\GRVGTWPF4GKEJUCRHGNWPVGT&TGKRC­FCTÒDGTHÒPH6ÒTOG$GTIGT/GJN5NI$QPJQHH 5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV FQTVWPVGT*GKPTKEJ+8 5NI.ÌDDGEMG  45GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



&CU/KVVGNCNVGTMCPPVGMGKPGHGUVGP4GUKFGP\GP&GTMÌPKINKEJG*QH\QIXQP2HCN\\W2HCN\WPFCWEJFKG5V·FVGWPF $KUEJQHUUKV\GDQVGP3WCTVKGTCP+O5CEJUGPURKGIGNJGK­VGU+PUYGNMGUVCVFGUTKMGUFGMQPKPIMWOVDKPPGPFGOG TKMGFCTKUGOGNGFKEJOWPFGWPFGVQNP .CPFTGEJV$WEJ+++h &GO-ÌPKIHKGNCNUQFCU/ÒP\TGEJVHÒTFKG &CWGT UGKPGU #WHGPVJCNVGU CO 1TV \W YQDGK PKEJV FGWVNKEJ YKTF QD FCOKV GKPG URG\KGNNG /ÒP\RT·IWPI QFGT FKG   'KPPCJOGPCWUFGTTGIKQPCNGP/ÒP\GIGOGKPVUKPF&KG&CTUVGNNWPIFGU-ÌPKIUCWHFKGUGO$TCMVGCVGPN·UUVMGKPGP <YGKHGN FCTCP FCUU GU UKEJ JKGTDGK WO GKPG FKGUGT MÌPKINKEJGP *QHRT·IWPIGP JCPFGNV #WU UVKNKUVKUEJGP )TÒPFGP   GTUEJGKPV GKPG 2T·IWPI FKGUGU 6[RU KP *CNNG CO9CJTUEJGKPNKEJUVGP#NU2T·IGJGTTGPMQOOGP(TKGFTKEJ+    QFGT *GKPTKEJ 8+   KP (TCIG #O  /CK  XGT\KEJVGVG 1VVQ +8 \WIWPUVGP 'T\DKUEJQH   #NDTGEJVUXQP-·HGTPDWTICWHFKGUGU4GEJV XIN/GJN/CIFGDWTI5 

&#5'4<$+567//#)&'$74)0#%* 9KEJOCPPXQP5GGDWTI









152

&GT CWU FGO *CWUG FGT KO /CPUHGNFKUEJGP IGNGIGPGP*GTTGPXQP5GGDWTIUVCOOGPFG9KEJOCPPYCT UKEJGTNKEJGKPGTFGTDGFGWVGPFUVGP/CIFGDWTIGT'T\DKUEJÌHG5GKPGIGKUVNKEJG#WUDKNFWPIGTNCPIVGGTKP *CNDGTUVCFVYQGT&QOJGTTYWTFGYWTFGGT\WO$KUEJQHXQP0CWODWTIGTPCPPVMCO GUKP/CIFGDWTI\WO5VTGKVWOFKG0CEJHQNIG'T\DKUEJQH(TKGFTKEJU+XQP9GVVKP  KPFGO UKEJ &QORTQDUV )GTJCTF WPF &QOFGEJCPV *C\Q IGIGPÒDGTUVCPFGP &GT TGIKGTGPFG -CKUGT (TKGFTKEJ +   ō$CTDCTQUUCŋ   NÌUVG FKG XGTHCJTGPG 5KVWCVKQP KPFGO GT MWT\GTJCPF MGKPGPFGTDGKFGPUQP FGTPUVCVVFGUUGP9KEJOCPP\WO0CEJHQNIGTDGUVKOOVG9QJNCWEJCWU&CPMDCTMGKVWPVGTUVÒV\VG9KEJ OCPP KP FGT (QNIG\GKV FKG 2QNKVKM FGU 5VCWHGTMCKUGTU WPF VTKGD FKG 1UVGZRCPUKQP IGIGP FKG JGKFPKUEJGP   5NCYGPXQTCPIGNCPIFKG4ÒEMGTQDGTWPI$TCPFGPDWTIU+PGKPGOUV·PFKIGP6GTTKVQTKCNUVTGKVDGHCPF UKEJ9KEJOCPPOKVFGO9GNHGPJGT\QI*GKPTKEJFGO.ÌYGPFGOGTPCEJNCPIGT$GNCIGTWPIFKG 5VCFV *CNFGPUNGDGP CDPGJOGP MQPPVG 9KEJOCPP XQP 5GGDWTI XGTUVCTD CO  #WIWUV  WPF UGKP   -ÌTRGTYWTFGKO/CIFGDWTIGT&QODGKIGUGV\VYQOCPPQEJJGWVGUGKPG)TCDRNCVVGUGJGPMCPP   $TCMVGCVI &0Q 8+5..8+'#5'T\DKUEJQHUKV\VXXOKVUGIPGPFGT4GEJVGPWPF-TWOOUVCD CWH $QIGP KO (GNF 5VGTPG -WIGNP WPF *CMGPMTGW\G $GTIGT  /GJN  FKGU 'ZGORNCT  0CW  

&KG<GKVFGT5VCWHGT 5NI$QPJQHH5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5NI.ÌDDGEMG5WJNG #W­GTIGYÌJPNKEJIWVCWUIGRT·IVGUXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT



$TCMVGCV*CNNGI9+%/#0085Û#4%*+'2+%1285#'T\DKUEJQHVJTQPVXXOKV-TWOOUVCD WPFCWHIGUEJNCIGPGO$WEJCWH(CNVUVWJNFGTOKV6KGTMÌRHGPXGT\KGTVKUV/GJNC FKGU'ZGORNCT  5WJNG 8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV-N4CPFHGJNGTHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ 


MAGDEBURG

1986

1988

1987





$TCMVGCV*CNNGI9+%/#0085#4%*+'2+5%1%85'T\DKUEJQHVJTQPVXXOKV-TWOOWPF -TGW\UVCDCWH$QIGP\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP6WTO/GJN5WJNG  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV8QT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT



$TCMVGCV *CNNG  I Û Û 5%5 Û /#84+%+85 9+%/#00  85# &GT 'T\DKUEJQH OKV -TWOOUVCD   WPF$WEJWPFFGTJGKNKIG/QTKV\OKV(CJPGPNCP\GWPF.KNKGP\GRVGTVJTQPGPXXCWH$QIGPFKG-ÌRHG GKPCPFGT\WIGYCPFV/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT 5WJNG  8QPCNNGTITÌ­VGT5GNVGPJGKV9CJTUEJGKPNKEJ7PKMWO8QT\ÒINKEJGU2TCEJVGZGORNCT  'ZGORNCTFGT#WMVKQP(TKV\4WFQNH-ÒPMGT1UPCDTÒEM0T  #WUFGO(WPFXQP$CTFQYKEMXQO#RTKN$GTNKPGT/ÒP\DN50T FKGU'ZGORNCT 



$TCMVGCV*CNNGI9+)/#0085#'T\DKUEJQHMPKGVXXOKV-TWOOUVCDWPF2CNO\YGKICWH &QRRGNNGKUVG\YKUEJGP\YGK6ÒTOGPWOJGT&TGKRC­QDGPFGTJGKNKIG/QTKV\KP6QTCPNCIGOKV-WRRGN VÒTOGP $GTIGT  /GJN  5NI $QPJQHH  5NI *CWUYCNFV  5NI *QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV    5NI.ÌDDGEMG 448QNNCWUIGRT·IVGUXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT 

1989





1990

$TCMVGCV*CNNGI9+%*/#0085'T\DKUEJQHUVGJVXXOKV$WEJWPF-TWOOUVCDKP8KGTRC­ OKV#TEJKVGMVWTCWHFGO4CPF # 4 + 2 CWHFGOXQTNKGIGPFGP'ZGORNCTPKEJV\WGTMGPPGP  /GJN5NI$QPJQHH5WJNG 44(CUVUGJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCV  I 9+%/#0085 #4% 'T\DKUEJQH UVGJV X X OKV -TGW\ WPF -TWOOUVCD /GJN    5WJNG 44'VYCUHNGEMKIG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

 153


MAGDEBURG

1993

1991

1992







$TCMVGCV *CNNG  I 88+%/#0085 Û #4%*+'2+5%1285 &'* 'T\DKUEJQH VJTQPV X X OKV   CWHIGUEJNCIGPGO$WEJWPF-TWOOUVCDCWH/CWGTNGKUVG\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP6WTO$GTIGT/GJN 5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5NI.ÌDDGEMG5WJNG  44*GTTNKEJG2CVKPCMN4CPFCWUDTWEJHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



$TCMVGCV*CNNGI9+%/#0085&'+'T\DKUEJQHUKV\VXXOKV2CNO\YGKIWPF-TWOOUVCDCWH (CNVUVWJNNKO(GNF4KPIGN$GTIGT/GJN5NI$QPJQHH FKGU'ZGORNCT 5NI*CWUYCNFV 5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5NI.ÌDDGEMG5WJNG 45GJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCVWO*CNNGI9+%/#0085&'+'T\DKUEJQHUKV\VXXOKV2CNO\YGKIWPF -TWOOUVCDCWH(CNVUVWJNNKO(GNF4KPIGN$GTIGT/GJN5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV 5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5NI.ÌDDGEMG5WJNG 42CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP



'ZGORNCTFGT#WMVKQP(TKV\4WFQNH-ÒPMGT1UPCDTÒEM0T /KVCNVGO7PVGTNGI\GVVGNFGT(KTOC#4KGEJOCPP%Q*CNNG 5CCNG 

1994





154



1995

$TCMVGCV*CNNGI9+%/#0'T\DKUEJQHUKV\VXXOKV-TGW\WPF-TWOOUVCDKP/CPFQTNCFKG \WFGP5GKVGPXQP\YGK(KIWTGPIGJCNVGPYKTF$GTIGT/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT 5NI*CWUYCNFV 5NI.ÌDDGEMG5WJNG 44*GTTNKEJG2CVKPCHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



$TCMVGCV *CNNG  I $TWUVDKNF FGU 'T\DKUEJQHU X X OKV $WEJ WPF -TWOOUVCD \YKUEJGP \YGK   -WRRGNVÒTOGPÒDGT&QRRGNDQIGPFCTWPVGT6WTO$GTIGTWPF/GJN5NI$QPJQHH WPF NGV\VGTGWPVGT,ÒVGTDQTI 5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5WJNG  -N5EJTÌVNKPIUTKUUGUQPUVCVVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCTOKVJÒDUEJGT2CVKPC




MAGDEBURG

1996 2:1



$TCMVGCV*CNNGI$TWUVDKNFFGU'T\DKUEJQHUXXOKV2CNO\YGKIWPF-TWOOUVCDÒDGT&TGKDQIGP \WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP6WTOWPVGP6QTVWTOOKV\YGKMNGKPGTGP5GKVGPVÒTOGP/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT  5NI*CWUYCNFV FKGU'ZGORNCT  7PKMWO8QT\ÒINKEJGU2TCEJVGZGORNCTOKVJÒDUEJGT6ÌPWPI 'ZGORNCTFGT#WMVKQP&T$WUUQ2GWU0CEJH(TCPMHWTVC/0T

1997





1998

$TCMVGCV *·NDNKPI  *CNNG  I JCNDKGTV  =*86108'?  +%+8452+Û 'T\DKUEJQH UKV\V X X OKV   -TWOOWPF-TGW\UVCDÒDGTFKG#TOGIGNGIVGKPXGT\KGTVGU/CPKRGN/GJN  8QPITÌ­VGT5GNVGPJGKV8QT\ÒINKEJ



&KG#TVYKGFGT'T\DKUEJQHFCU/CPKRGNÒDGTFKGCWUIGDTGKVGVGP#TOGIGNGIVVT·IVHKPFGVUKEJCWEJCWHFGP5VGRJCPWU $TCMVGCVGPFGU$KUVWOU*CNDGTUVCFV XIN$GTIGT 



$TCMVGCV  I 5%5 /#84+%+85&8:&GTJGKNKIG/QTKV\UKV\VXXOKV5EJYGTVWPF(CJPGP NCP\GCWH/CWGTNGKUVG\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP6WTO/GJN5NI*CWUYCNFV5WJNG  445GJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT 

&KGUGT$TCMVGCVKUVXQP1VVQ+XQP$TCPFGPDWTIHCUVIGPCWPCEJIGCJOVYQTFGPGUHGJNVFGO/CTM ITCHGPPWTFGT*GKNKIGPUEJGKPU$CJTHGNFV'   /GJN/CIFGDWTI5 

1999





2000

$TCMVGCV  I 5%5 /#8  4+%+85&GTJGKNKIG/QTKV\UKV\VXXOKV-TGW\WPF.KNKGP\GRVGTCWH <KPPGPOCWGT CWH FGP -PKGP GKP SWGT NKGIGPFGU 5EJYGTV $GTIGT  /GJN  FKGU 'ZGORNCT    5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5NI.ÌDDGEMG5WJNG  8QT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT



$TCMVGCVI5%5/#84+%+85*ÒHVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/QTKV\XXOKV(CJPGPNCP\G$WEMGNUEJKNF WPF 5EJYGTV ÒDGT .GKUVG FCTWPVGT .KNKG KO (GNF N 6WTO WPF -TGW\ $GTIGT  /GJN    5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI.ÌDDGEMG5WJNG  4*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCMN2T·IGUEJY·EJGCO4CPFUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

 155


MAGDEBURG

2001





$TCMVGCV  I 5%5 Û /#84+%+85 &8: *ÒHVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP /QTKV\ X X OKV 5EJYGTV WPF  

/·TV[TGT -TQPG FCTÒDGT GKP -TGW\ $GTIGT  /GJN  FKGU 'ZGORNCT  5NI $QPJQHH    5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5WJNG #VVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT



$TCMVGCVI 5%5Û/#84+%+85Û&8:*ÒHVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/QTKV\XXOKV2CNO\YGKIWPF

/·TV[TGT -TQPGFCTÒDGTGKP.KNKG$GTIGT/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT 0CW &KG<GKVFGT5VCWHGT  5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5NI.ÌDDGEMG5WJNG 5GJTUEJÌP



2003







156

2004

$TCMVGCV  I 5%5 /#84+%+85 *ÒHVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP /QTKV\ X X OKV -TGW\UVCD WPF (CJPG   \YKUEJGP\YGK6ÒTOGPÒDGT6QTDQIGPFCTKP-WRRGNIGD·WFG$GTIGT/GJNC FKGU'ZGORNCT  5NI $QPJQHH  5NI *CWUYCNFV  5NI *QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV  5NI .ÌDDGEMG  5WJNG    *ÒDUEJGFWPMNG2CVKPCHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



$TCMVGCV  I 5%5 /#84+%+85 &8: *ÒHVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP /QTKV\ X X OKV 2CNO\YGKI WPF   2CVTKCTEJGPMTGW\UVCD N KO (GNF .KNKG $GTIGT  /GJN  0CW &KG <GKV FGT 5VCWHGT     5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5NI.ÌDDGEMG5WJNG  5GJTUEJÌP



2005



2002

2006

$TCMVGCV  I 5%5 Û /#84+%+85 Û &8: *ÒHVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP /QTKV\ X X OKV -TGW\UVCD   WPF (CJPGPVWEJ $GTIGT  /GJN  FKGU 'ZGORNCT  5NI $QPJQHH  5NI *CWUYCNFV    5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5NI.ÌDDGEMG5WJNG 5GJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCVI5%5Û/#84+%+85&8:$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/QTKV\XXOKV2CNO\YGKIWPF (CJPG\YKUEJGP\YGK-TGW\GPCWH$QIGPFCTWPVGT6WTOTKO(GNF.KNKG$GTIGT/GJN FKGU 'ZGORNCT  5NI $QPJQHH  5NI *CWUYCNFV  5NI *QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV  5NI .ÌDDGEMG    5WJNG 8QT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCTOKVJÒDUEJGT2CVKPC




MAGDEBURG

2008

2007





$TCMVGCVI5%5Û/#84+%+85&8:Û*ÒHVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/QTKV\XXOKV(CJPGWPF5EJKNF WPVGT&TGKDQIGPOKVFTGK6ÒTOGPWPF\YGK-TGW\GP$GTIGT/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT 0CW &KG <GKV FGT 5VCWHGT   5NI $QPJQHH  5NI *CWUYCNFV  5NI *QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV  5NI   .ÌDDGEMG5WJNG (CUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCTOKVJÒDUEJGT2CVKPC



$TCMVGCVI5%5/#84+%+85Û&8:Û/'&$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/QTKV\XXOKV(CJPGWPF 2CNO\YGKIWPVGT&TGKDQIGPFCTCWH#TEJKVGMVWTFCTUVGNNWPI/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT   7PKMWO5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



&CU/'&CO'PFGFGT7OUEJTKHVFÒTHVGUKEJCWHFGP5VCFVPCOGP/CIFGDWTI /'+&'$84) DG\KGJGP

2010

2009





$TCMVGCV  I 5%5 /#84+%+85 &8: $TWUVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP /QTKV\ X X OKV -TGW\UVCD WPF   (CJPGFCTÒDGT&TGKDQIGPOKVFTGK<KPPGPVÒTOGPFCTÒDGT5VGTPWPFGDGPHCNNU&TGKDQIGP$GTIGT /GJN5NI*CWUYCNFV5WJNG 5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­UGJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCVIÛ5%5/#84+%+85Û*ÒHVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/QTKV\XXOKVLGGKPGT-TGW\MWIGNOKV &TGKDNCVV KP LGFGT *CPF FCTÒDGT &TGKDQIGPOKV-KTEJGPIGD·WFG\YKUEJGP\YGK6ÒTOGP$GTIGT /GJN5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5NI.ÌDDGEMG5WJNG 'VYCUFG\GPVTKGTVUGJTUEJÌP



2011 2012



$TCMVGCV 8KGTNKPI  2HGPPKI   I $TWUVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP /QTKV\ X X WPVGT &TGKDQIGP OKV   )GD·WFG \W FGP 5GKVGP LG GKP -WIGNMTGW\ /GJN  FKGU 'ZGORNCT  5WJNG XIN #PO \W 0T   

GXGPVWGNNFGTXQTNKGIGPFG8KGTNKPI   8QPCNNGTITÌ­VGT5GNVGPJGKV9CJTUEJGKPNKEJ7PKMWO8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\  'ZGORNCTFGT#WMVKQP6KGVLGP*CODWTI0T 'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI*QGEMG#WMVKQP/ÒP\<GPVTWO-ÌNP0T





$TCMVGCVIÛ5%5Û/#84+%+85Û&8:Û$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/QTKV\XXOKV5EJYGTVWPF (CJPG \YKUEJGP \YGK 6ÒTOGPJKPVGT.GKUVGFCTÒDGT&TGKDQIGPOKV)GD·WFG$GTIGT/GJN 0CW &KG<GKVFGT5VCWHGT 5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV 5NI.ÌDDGEMG .GKEJVFG\GPVTKGTVUQPUVXQT\ÒINKEJ

 157


MAGDEBURG

2014

2013



$TCMVGCVIÛ5%5Û/#84+%+85Û&8:Û$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/QTKV\XXOKV5EJYGTVWPF (CJPG \YKUEJGP \YGK 6ÒTOGPJKPVGT.GKUVGFCTÒDGT&TGKDQIGPOKV)GD·WFG$GTIGT/GJN 0CW &KG<GKVFGT5VCWHGT 5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV 5NI.ÌDDGEMG *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCNGKEJVG-PKEMURWTXQT\ÒINKEJ



'U JCPFGNV UKEJ WO GKP 'ZGORNCT XQP CDIGUEJNKHHGPGP 5VGORGNP DGK FGO FKG $GK\GKEJGP VGKNYGKUG PKEJV OGJT   GTMGPPDCTUKPF XIN/GJN/CIFGDWTI5WPF5 



$TCMVGCV  I /#84+%+85 *ÒHVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP /QTKV\ X X KP LGFGT *CPF GKP $WEMGN   UEJKNF FCTÒDGT N GKPG 5EJYGTVURKV\G WPF T GKP -TGW\ $GTIGT  /GJN  C 5NI $QPJQHH    5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV FQTVWPVGT,ÒVGTDQTI 5WJNG  8QT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT

2016

2015







$TCMVGCV  I 5%5  /#8  4+%  +85 &GT JGKNKIG /QTKV\ UVGJV X X OKV 5EJYGTV WPF (CJPG   \YKUEJGP\YGK6ÒTOGPNFTGK-WIGNPT5VGTPWOJGT8KGTRC­$GTIGT/GJN5NI$QPJQHH 5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5NI.ÌDDGEMG5WJNG  *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCVI/#84+%+85Û5%5&GTJGKNKIG/QTKV\UVGJVXXOKV5EJYGTV(CJPGPNCP\GWPF 5EJKNF$GTIGT/GJN5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI.ÌDDGEMG5WJNG  445GJTUEJÌP



&KG$KNFIGUVCNVWPIFGUXQTNKGIGPFGP$TCMVGCVGPYGKUVITQ­GJPNKEJMGKVOKVGKPGO6[R $CJTHGNFV FGU/CTMITC HGP1VVQ+XQP$TCPFGPDWTI  CWH XIN/GJN/CIFGDWTI5 

2017

2018

2019



$TCMVGCVI$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/QTKV\XXOKV(CJPGPNCP\GWPF2CNO\YGKIÒDGT/CWGTFTGKGEM OKVFTGK6ÒTOGP/GJN5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV5WJNG 445EJÌPpUGJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCV  I *ÒHVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP /QTKV\ OKV 5EJYGTV WPF (CJPG CWH ITQ­GT 6QTCPNCIG OKV \YGK   6ÒTOGPFCTWPVGT'T\DKUEJQHOKVGTJQDGPGP*·PFGPCWHFGO4WPFDQIGP/#84+%+WPF\WFGP5GKVGP FGU*GKNKIGP85$GTIGT/GJN5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP \GKV5NI.ÌDDGEMG5WJNG 42T·IGUEJY·EJGUEJÌPpUGJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCVI/#84+=%+85?&GTJGKNKIG/QTKV\UVGJVXXOKV(CJPGPNCP\GWPF-TGW\UVCD \WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP6WTO$GTIGT/GJN5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV5WJNG  445EJÌP





158


MAGDEBURG

2020



2021

2022

$TCMVGCV  I /#84+  %+8 &8: &GT JGKNKIG /QTKV\ UKV\V X X OKV WOIGMGJTVGO 5EJYGTV   WPF (CJPGPNCP\G CWH $QIGP $GTIGT  /GJN  5NI $QPJQHH  5NI *CWUYCNFV    5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV FQTVWPVGT,ÒVGTDQTI 5NI.ÌDDGEMG5WJNG 5GJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCV  I 5%5/#84+%+$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/QTKV\XXOKV.KNKGP\GRVGTWPVGT$QIGP OKVFTGK6ÒTOGP/GJN5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV5WJNG (CUVUGJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCVI5%5/#84+%+$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/QTKV\XXOKV5EJYGTVWPF(CJPGPNCP\G WPVGT&TGKDQIGPOKV6ÒTOGP/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT 5NI*CWUYCNFV5WJNG  4#VVTCMVKXGU'ZGORNCTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



2023







$TCMVGCV  I 5%5 /#84+%+85 &8: /#+&'$84 $TWUVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP /QTKV\ X X OKV   IGUEJWNVGTVGO 5EJYGTV WPF 5EJKNF WPVGT &TGKDQIGP OKV HÒPH 6ÒTOGP $GTIGT  /GJN  FKGU   'ZGORNCT 5NI*CWUYCNFV5WJNG #VVTCMVKXGU'ZGORNCTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



$TCMVGCVIÛ5%5Û/#84+%+85Û*ÒHVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/QTKV\XXOKVIGUEJWNVGTVGO5EJYGTV WPF(CJPGWPVGT&TGKDQIGPOKVFTGK6ÒTOGP$GTIGT/GJND FKGU'ZGORNCT 5NI$QPJQHH 5NI*CWUYCNFV5WJNG 5GJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCVI 5%5Û/#84+%+85Û&8:'5$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/QTKV\XXOKVIGUEJWNVGTVGO 5EJYGTVWPF(CJPG/GJND5NI*CWUYCNFV5WJNG 4(CUVUGJTUEJÌP



2026



2025

2024

2027

2028

2029

$TCMVGCV  I 5#)'  )'&8 $TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/QTKV\XXOKV5EJYGTVWPF(CJPGPNCP\G /GJN5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV FQTVWPVGT$CTD[   44-N5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­UQPUVUGJTUEJÌP



(ÒTFKG<WYGKUWPIPCEJ/CIFGDWTIXIN/GJN/&KG/ÒP\GPFGT)TCHGPXQP$CTD[WPF/ÒJNKPIGP*CODWTI 5







$TCMVGCV  I 5#)'  )'&8 $TWUVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP /QTKV\ X X OKV IGUEJWNVGTVGO 5EJYGTV   5EJKNF WPF (CJPGPNCP\G /GJN  FKGU 'ZGORNCT  5NI *CWUYCNFV  5NI *QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV   

FQTVWPVGT$CTD[  4(CUVUGJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCVIÛ5%5Û/#84+%+85Û&8:Û$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/QTKV\XXKP$QIGPFCTCWH ITQ­GT<YKGDGNVWTOWPF\YGK5GKVGPVÒTOG$GTIGT/GJN5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV 5WJNG 5GJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCV  I À#)'&%$#)'Û#+5+5 $TWUVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP /QTKV\ X X OKV (CJPGPNCP\G   WPF 5EJKNF ÒDGT $QIGP \W FGP 5GKVGP WPF WPVGT FGO $QIGP LG GKP 6WTO /GJN  FKGU 'ZGORNCT    5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5WJNG 5GJTUEJÌP

 159


MAGDEBURG

2030

2031

2032



$TCMVGCVI/#+&'$84$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/QTKV\XXOKV-TGW\UVCDWPF2CNO\YGKIWPVGT &TGKDQIGPFCTCWH6ÒTOG/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT 5WJNG 44-N4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCV  I /#8  4+%+ $TWUVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP /QTKV\ X X ÒDGT $QIGP FCTWPVGT WPF \W FGP   5GKVGPLGGKP6WTO$GTIGT/GJN5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV5WJNG  5GJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCVI 5%5Û/#84+%+85&8: MCWO\WGTMGPPGP $TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/QTKV\XX \WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP6WTOOKV-TGW\/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT 5NI*CWUYCNFV5WJNG  5GJTUEJÌP





2033

2034



$TCMVGCVI= 5%5/#8?4+%+8 Û&8:$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/QTKV\XXÒDGT$QIGP\WFGP 5GKVGPWPFWPVGPLGGKP6WTO$GTIGT/GJN5NI*CWUYCNFV &WPMNG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCV$GKUEJNCI\WFGP/QTKV\RHGPPKIGPI5#61%'*ÒHVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/QTKV\XXWPVGT &TGKDQIGPOKV5EJYGTVWPF(CJPGÒDGTIGDQIGPGT/CWGTNGKUVG\YKUEJGP\YGK<KPPGPVÒTOGPNKO(GNF 4KPIGNWPFWPVGTFGT/CWGTNGKUVGGKP<KPPGPVWTO/GJN5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV

FQTVWPVGT$CTD[ 6JQTOCPP FQTVWPVGT#NDTGEJV+XQP5CEJUGP/ÒP\UV·VVG9KVVGPDGTI   -N4CPFHGJNGTUQPUVCVVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT



&KG<WYGKUWPIFGUXQTNKGIGPFGP6[RUKUVPKEJVIGUKEJGTV'KPGUVKNKUVKUEJGJPNKEJMGKVOKV$TCPFGPDWTIGT)GRT·IGP CDGT CWEJ OKV /CIFGDWTIGT /QTKV\RHGPPKIGP KUV CWIGPUEJGKPNKEJ &CU )GYKEJV N·UUV GJGT CWH GKPG /CIFGDWTIGT   2T·IWPIUEJNKG­GPCWEJYGPPFKG#WHUEJTKHV5#61%'MGKPGPDTCWEJDCTGP*KPYGKUCWHFKG*GTMWPHVNKGHGTV'UKUV CP\WPGJOGP FC­ GT KP GKPGT XKGNNGKEJV CWEJ YGNVNKEJGP /ÒP\UV·VVG KP FGT 7OIGDWPI /CIFGDWTIU GPVUVCPFGPKUV +O -CVCNQI FGT 5NI *QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV KUV FCU 5VÒEM WPVGT $CTD[ KP FKG /ÒP\UV·VVG 5EJÌPGDGEM WPVGT 9CNVJGT ++    IGNGIV YQTFGP $GK * 6JQTOCPP &KG /ÒP\GP FGT *GT\ÌIG XQP 5CEJUGPCWUFGO*CWUG#PJCNVYKTF FCU5VÒEMWPVGT5CEJUGPKPFKG/ÒP\UV·VVG9KVVGPDGTIWPVGT#NDTGEJV+IGNGIVCDGTOKVFGO*KPYGKU FC­FKG<WYGKUWPIPKEJVIGUKEJGTVKUV

2035





160

2036

$TCMVGCV $WTIDTCMVGCV I/#)'&'$84)'05+58QP\YGK6ÒTOGPIGVTCIGPGUDQIGPHÌTOKIGU 2QTVCNOKV-KTEJGPIGD·WFGFCTWPVGT)GD·WFGKP5GKVGPCPUKEJV$GTIGT/GJNC0CW &KG<GKV FGT5VCWHGT 5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5NI.ÌDDGEMG 5WJNG -N2T·IGUEJY·EJGCO4CPFUQPUVUGJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCV $WTIDTCMVGCV I/#)'&'$84)'05+58QP\YGK6ÒTOGPIGVTCIGPGUDQIGPHÌTOKIGU 2QTVCNOKV-KTEJGPIGD·WFGFCTWPVGT)GD·WFGKP5GKVGPCPUKEJV$GTIGT/GJND0CW &KG<GKV FGT5VCWHGT 5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5NI.ÌDDGEMG 5WJNG #VVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT




MAGDEBURG

2037



2038

$TCMVGCV $WTIDTCMVGCV   I /#)'&'$84)'05+5 &TGKRC­ OKV #TEJKVGMVWTFCTUVGNNWPI FCTWPVGT   -TGW\/GJN5NI*CWUYCNFV5WJNG -N2T·IGUEJY·EJGCO4CPFUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



<WT 2T·IWPI FGT /CIFGDWTIGT $WTIRHGPPKIG FKG PWT GKPG $WTICPNCIG KP XGTUEJKGFGPGP 8CTKCVKQPGP CDGT MGKPGP   *KPYGKUCWHFCU'T\DKUVWO\GKIGPXIN/GJN/CIFGDWTI5



$TCMVGCV $WTIDTCMVGCV   I /#)'&'$84)'05+5 8QP\YGK6ÒTOGPIGVTCIGPGUDQIGPHÌTOK IGU2QTVCNOKV-KTEJGPIGD·WFGFCTWPVGT6QTIGD·WFG/GJN5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV 5WJNG 45GJTUEJÌP

2039



2040



2041

$TCMVGCV $WTIDTCMVGCV I/5#)'&'$84)'05+5&TGKVGKNKIGU)GD·WFGÒDGT.GKUVGWPVGP6WTO \YKUEJGP \YGK (GPUVGTP $GTIGT  /GJN  5NI $QPJQHH  5NI *CWUYCNFV    5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5NI.ÌDDGEMG5WJNG 5GJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCV $WTIDTCMVGCV   I /#  +& &TGK 6ÒTOG ÒDGT &TGKDQIGP FCTWPVGT 4QUGVVG /GJN    5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKVC 445GJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCV $WTIDTCMVGCV I= /#)'&'$84$'0'&+6#?-TGKUOKV-TGW\KO<GPVTWOFCTÒDGT FTGK6ÒTOG$GTIGT/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT 5NI*CWUYCNFV5WJNG  44&WPMNG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



#WHH·NNKI DGK FGO XQTNKGIGPFGP 'ZGORNCT KUV FCU JKPVGT FGP 1TVUPCOGP IGUGV\VG $'0'&+6#  FKG IGRTKGUGPG   5VCFV  'KPG FGTCTVKIG 'JTWPI MCPP FGT 5VCFV GKIGPVNKEJ PWT FWTEJ FGP 'T\DKUEJQH DGK GKPGO DGUQPFGTGP #PNCUU   XGTNKGJGPYQTFGPUGKP&C\WRCUUVCWEJJGTXQTTCIGPFFCUWPVGTJCNDFGUCPIGFGWVGVGP5VCFVVQTGUCPIGDTCEJVG-TGW\

XIN/GJN/CIFGDWTI5 

2043 2042





$TCMVGCV *CNNG  I 'T\DKUEJQH UKV\V X X OKV -TWOOUVCD WPF UGIPGPFGT 4GEJVGP CWH $QIGP KP   &TGKRC­KPFGP9KPMGNPLGGKP8$GTIGT/GJN  44*ÒDUEJGFWPMNG2CVKPCYKP\4CPFCDDTÒEJGHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



$TCMVGCV  I /#84+%  +85 &8: &GT JGKNKIG/QTKV\UVGJVXXOKV-TGW\UVCDWPF2CNO\YGKI $GTIGT/GJN5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV 45GJTUEJÌP

 161


MAGDEBURG

2044

2045

.WFQNHXQP-TQRRGPUVGFV





1D .WFQNH VCVU·EJNKEJ XQP PKGFGTGT *GTMWPHV YCT YKG GU FKG UR·VOKVVGNCNVGTNKEJG %JTQPKUVKM DGJCWRVGV   KUV ·W­GTUV \YGKHGNJCHV 0CEJ FGO $GUWEJ FGT *CNDGTUV·FVGT &QOUEJWNG UVWFKGTVG GT KP 2CTKU YQ GT   6JQOCU$GEMGV  FGPUR·VGTGP'T\DKUEJQHXQP%CPVGTDWT[MGPPGPNGTPVG0CEJUGKPGT4ÒEM MGJT PCEJ &GWVUEJNCPF YWTFG GT XQT  &QOJGTT XQP /CIFGDWTI WPF  &QOFGMCP #O    YWTFG GT \WO 0CEJHQNIGT 9KEJOCPPU IGY·JNV WPF CO  FWTEJ FGP *CNDGTUV·FVGT   $KUEJQH &KGVTKEJ XQP -TQUKIM   MQPUGMTKGTV +O 6JTQPUVTGKV \YKUEJGP 5VCWHGTP WPF 9GNHGP   UVCPF .WFQNH CWH 5GKVGP FGU 5VCWHGTU 2JKNKRR XQP 5EJYCDGP   YCU KJP KP 1RRQUKVKQP \WT   TÌOKUEJGP -WTKG DTCEJVG WPF UEJNKG­NKEJ \W UGKPGT 'ZMQOOWPKMCVKQP HÒJTVG XQP FGT GT GTUV MWT\ XQT   UGKPGO6QFIGNÌUVYWTFG$GXQTGTCOKP/CIFGDWTIXGTUVCTDMQPPVGGTFCU6GTTKVQTKWOFGU 'T\DKUVWOUDGFGWVGPFGTYGKVGTP 



$TCMVGCV*CNNGI.=8&1.(85?#4%*+'2% 'T\DKUEJQHVJTQPVXXOKV-TGW\WPF-TWOO UVCD CWH GKPGO (CNVUVWJN FGT OKV 6KGTMÌRHGP XGT\KGTV KUV \W FGP 5GKVGP LG GKP 4KPI /GJN    5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV 44-N4CPFCWUDTWEJUGJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCV *CNNG  I =.8&1.(85? #4%*+'25 'T\DKUEJQH VJTQPV X X OKV &QRRGNMTGW\ WPF   -TWOOUVCD CWH (CNVUVWJN FGT OKV 6KGTMÌRHGP XGT\KGTV KUV /GJN  5NI *QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV  FKGU   'ZGORNCT  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV4GRCTKGTVGTFWTEJIGJGPFGT5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­UGJTUEJÌP



'ZGORNCTFGT#WMVKQP(TKV\4WFQNH-ÒPMGT1UPCDTÒEM0T 'ZGORNCTFGT5NI/ÒP\GPFGT*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV6GKN+#WMVKQP*GUU.GW.W\GTP0T

2046





2047

$TCMVGCV*CNNGI.8&1.(85Û#4%*+'2%Û'T\DKUEJQHUVGJVXXOKV-TWOOUVCDWPF$WEJ /GJN5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV-N4CPFCWUDTWEJUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



'ZGORNCTFGT#WMVKQP(TKV\4WFQNH-ÒPMGT1UPCDTÒEM0T



162

$TCMVGCV*CNNGI.8&1.(8=5Û#4%?*+'2%Û'T\DKUEJQHUVGJVXXOKV-TWOOUVCDWPF$WEJ /GJN5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV FQTVNKPMG*·NHVGCWUFGO(WPFXQP0QTFJCWUGP   8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV*ÒDUEJGFWPMNG2CVKPCMN2T·IGUEJY·EJGUGJTUEJÌP




MAGDEBURG

2049

2048



$TCMVGCVI#4%*+='285?'T\DKUEJQHUKV\VXXOKV-TWOOUVCDWPF$WEJCWHGKPGO$QIGPKP &TGKDQIGPCWHFGO4CPFFTGK-WIGNP$GTIGT/GJN5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP \GKV 4-N5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTCO4CPFGVYCU$GNCIUGJTUEJÌP



'ZGORNCTFGT#WMVKQP(TKV\4WFQNH-ÒPMGT1UPCDTÒEM0T



$TCMVGCVI.&1.&85+#2%*'T\DKUEJQHUKV\VXXOKV-TWOOUVCDWPF$WEJCWHGKPGO$QIGP KP&TGKDQIGPCWHFGO4CPFFTGK-WIGNP/GJN5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV FKGU'ZGORNCT   45EJTÌVNKPIUTK­WPF4CPFCWUDTWEJUGJTUEJÌP



2052 2050

2051





$TCMVGCV*CNNGI'T\DKUEJQHVJTQPVXXOKV$WEJWPF-TWOOUVCDCWH(CNVUVWJN\WFGP5GKVGPLG GKP6WTO/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT   7PKMWO-PKEMURWTWPF5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­UQPUVUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



$TCMVGCV*CNNGI.8&1.(85Û#4%*+Û'2+5'T\DKUEJQHVJTQPVXXCWHGKPGO(CNVUVWJNFGTOKV 6KGTMÌRHGP XGT\KGTV KUV KP FGP *·PFGP GKP $CPF OKV FGP 9QTVGP 2#: 81$+5% \W FGP 5GKVGP LG GKP   MNGKPGT-QRH/GJN  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV-N5EJTÌVNKPIUTKUUGWPFNGKEJVIGMPKEMVHCUVUGJTUEJÌP



<WFGP&CTUVGNNWPIGPXQPXGTVKGHVGPOGPUEJNKEJGP-ÌRHGPCWH$TCMVGCVGPPKEJVPWTFGT/ÒP\UV·VVG/CIFGDWTIUXIN FGPCWUHÒJTNKEJGP-QOOGPVCTDGK/GJN/CIFGDWTI5OKVFGT#PICDGYGKVGTHÒJTGPFGT.KVGTCVWT



$TCMVGCV *CNNG  I .8&1.  (85Û%5Û &GT JGKNKIG/QTKV\UVGJVXXOKV5EJYGTVWPF(CJPGP NCP\GCWH$QIGPFCTKPFGT-QRHFGU'T\DKUEJQHUXX\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP6WTO$WEJGPCW(FXQP 5GGIC FKGU'ZGORNCT /GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT 5NI$QPJQHH  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV-N4CPFHGJNGTUQPUVCVVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT

 163


MAGDEBURG

2053 2054



$TCMVGCVI'T\DKUEJQHUVGJVXXOKV-TWOOUVCDWPF$WEJKP5GEJURCUU/GJN FKGU'ZGO RNCT  7PKMWO5GJTUEJÌP



'ZGORNCTFGT#WMVKQP(TKV\4WFQNH-ÒPMGT1UPCDTÒEM0T



$TCMVGCVI&GTJGKNKIG/QTKV\VJTQPVXXOKV(CJPGPNCP\GWPF2CNO\YGKICWHGKPGO(CNVUVWJN FGT OKV 6KGTMÌRHGP XGT\KGTV KUV $GTIGT  /GJN  5NI $QPJQHH  FKGU 'ZGORNCT    5NI.ÌDDGEMG 44.GKEJVIGMPKVVGTVUGJTUEJÌP 'ZGORNCTFGT#WMVKQP(TKV\4WFQNH-ÒPMGT1UPCDTÒEM0T 'ZGORNCTFGT5NI$QPJQHH#WMVKQP&T$WUUQ2GWU0CEJH(TCPMHWTVC/0T

2055

2056





2057



$TCMVGCV  I 85%)  %81% *ÒHVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP /QTKV\ X X OKV -TGW\UVCD WPF (CJPGPNCP\G   WPVGT&TGKDQIGPOKV6ÒTOGP/GJN5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV 45GJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCV  I /  #  +&'  $  84 MCWO \W GTMGPPGP  $TWUVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP /QTKV\ X XOKV 5EJKNFWPFSWGTXQTKJONKGIGPFGP5EJYGTVWPVGT&TGKDQIGPFCTCWHXKGT6ÒTOGOKV5VGTPKPFGT/KVVG /GJN5NI*CWUYCNFV 4-N4CPFCDDTWEJUGJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCV  I /  #  +&'  $  84 MCWO \W GTMGPPGP  $TWUVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP /QTKV\ X XOKV 5EJKNFWPFSWGTXQTKJONKGIGPFGP5EJYGTVWPVGT&TGKDQIGPFCTCWHXKGT6ÒTOGOKV5VGTPKPFGT/KVVG /GJN5NI*CWUYCNFV 49KP\5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­UGJTUEJÌP





2058

ex 2059

2060



$TCMVGCVI5Û/#84+%+85*ÒHVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/QTKV\XXOKV-TGW\WPF(CJPGPNCP\G/GJN

FKGU'ZGORNCT  445GJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCVIWPFI$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/QTKV\XXOKV5EJYGTVWPF-TGW\UVCDÒDGT$QIGP FCTWPVGT 2CNOGVVG &C\W 'KP \YGKVGU 'ZGORNCT $GTIGT  /GJN  5NI $QPJQHH    5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV  5VÒEM(GKPG2CVKPCHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJWPFHCUVUGJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCVI$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/QTKV\XXOKV5EJYGTVWPF5EJKNFÒDGT$QIGP/GJN  445GJTUEJÌP



 164


MAGDEBURG

2061

2062

2063

2064

2065



$TCMVGCVI$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/QTKV\XXOKV(CJPGPNCP\GWPF5EJKNFÒDGT$QIGPFCTÒDGT -TGW\$GTIGT/GJN5NI*CWUYCNFV (CUVUGJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCVI$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/QTKV\XXOKV5EJYGTVWPF(CJPGWPVGT&TGKDQIGP$GTIGT /GJN5NI$QPJQHH5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV (CUVUGJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCVI&GTJGKNKIG/QTKV\UKV\VXXOKV5EJYGTVWPF2CNO\YGKI\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP6WTO $GTIGT/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT 5NI*CWUYCNFV 45GJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCVI5%Û/#84+%+85$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/QTKV\XXOKV-TGW\UVCDWPF2CNO\YGKI WPVGT$QIGPFCTCWH\YGK6ÒTOG/GJN5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV  -N2T·IGUEJY·EJGCO4CPFUQPUVUGJTUEJÌPOKVJÒDUEJGT2CVKPC



$TCMVGCVI5%Û/#84+%+85$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/QTKV\XXOKV-TGW\UVCDWPF2CNO\YGKI WPVGT$QIGPFCTCWH\YGK6ÒTOG/GJN5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV 5GJTUEJÌP





2067

2066







2068

$TCMVGCVI$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/QTKV\XXOKV5EJYGTVWPF(CJPGÒDGT$QIGP\WFGP5GKVGP LG GKP 6WTO WPVGT FGO $QIGP 2CNOGVVG $GTIGT  /GJN  FKGU 'ZGORNCT  5NI $QPJQHH    5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV #VVTCMVKXGUXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT



$TCMVGCVI$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/QTKV\XXOKV5EJYGTVWPF-TGW\ÒDGT$QIGPFCTWPVGT-QRH FGU'T\DKUEJQHUXX/GJN5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV  5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­UGJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCV  I $TWUVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP /QTKV\ X X OKV 5EJYGTV WPF -TGW\ ÒDGT $QIGP OKV FTGK   6ÒTOGPFCTWPVGT$GTIGT/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT  44'VYCUHNGEMKIG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP



2069

2070

2071

2072



$TCMVGCV $WTIDTCMVGCV IÛ/#+)''$84Û#'5RKV\IKGDGNFCTÒDGT-TGW\\YKUEJGP\YGK6ÒTOGP $GTIGT/GJN5NI*CWUYCNFV 5GJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCV $WTIDTCMVGCV   I 5RKV\IKGDGN FCTÒDGT -TGW\ \YKUEJGP \YGK 6ÒTOGP CPUVGNNG FGT   7OUEJTKHV 4CPMGPQTPCOGPV $GTIGT  /GJN  5NI $QPJQHH  5NI *CWUYCNFV    5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV FQTVWPVGT,ÒVGTDQTI  5GJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCV $WTIDTCMVGCV I/#+&'$84%*6QTIGD·WFGHNCPMKGTVXQP\YGK6ÒTOGP/GJN C 44&WPMNG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCV  I /#)'&'$84)Û& CWH FGO XQTNKGIGPFGP 'ZGORNCT PKEJV \W GTMGPPGP  $QIGP OKV   FTGK 6ÒTOGP FCTWPVGT 6WTO HNCPMKGTV XQP \YGK MNGKPGTGP 6ÒTOEJGP $GTIGT  /GJN  5NI   $QPJQHH 446WUEJG\KHHGTHCUVUGJTUEJÌP

 165


MAGDEBURG

2073



2074

$TCMVGCV $WTIDTCMVGCV   I /#  84 -WRRGNIGD·WFG ÒDGT 4WPFDQIGP $GTIGT  /GJN    5NI$QPJQHH5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV 8QT\ÒINKEJ



2T·IWPIGPWO 

$TCMVGCV  I 5 /#84+  %+85 &GT JGKNKIG /QTKV\ UVGJV X X OKV (CJPGPNCP\G WPF 5EJKNF   $GTIGT/GJN5NI*CWUYCNFV 4-N4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP

2075





2076



2077

$TCMVGCV(·NUEJWPIXQP0KEQNCWU5GGN·PFGTI5/#84+%+85&GTJGKNKIG/QTKV\UVGJVXX OKV (CJPGPNCP\G WPF 5EJKNF $GTIGT \W  /GJN \W  #PO FKGUGU 'ZGORNCT CDIGDKNFGV    5NI*CWUYCNFV\W6JKGN 4-N4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCV  I #84+ &GT JGKNKIG /QTKV\ UVGJV X X OKV 5EJYGTV WPF -TGW\UVCD .KNKG KO (GNF N   $GTIGT/GJN5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV6JQTOCPP

FQTVWPVGT*GT\QI$GTPJCTFXQP#PJCNV/ÒP\UV·VVG9KVVGPDGTI  -N4CPFHGJNGTUQPUVHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



&GT XQTNKGIGPFG /ÒP\V[R YGKUV GKPG $GUQPFGTJGKV CWH 9GPPINGKEJ GT FGP 0COGP FGU JGKNKIGP /QTKV\ XQP   /CIFGDWTI OKV =/?#74+=6+85? PGPPV \GKIV GT FQEJ KO /ÒP\DKNF GKPGP IGTÒUVGVGP YGNVNKEJGP *GTTGP &CTÒDGT   JKPCWU IKDV GU GKPG KO /ÒP\DKNF KFGPVKUEJG 2T·IWPI *GT\QI $GTPJCTFU XQP #PJCNV   FKG CPUVGNNG FGT   .GIGPFG\YGKUGEJUUVTCJNKIG5VGTPGKO(GNF\GKIV 6JQTOCPP 1HHGPUKEJVNKEJUVCOOGPDGKFG5VÒEMGCWUFGT *CPFFGUUGNDGP5VGORGNUEJPGKFGTUFGTOÌINKEJGTYGKUGDGKFGT$KNFIGUVCNVWPIGVYCUXGTYGEJUGNVJCV1FGTFGT'T\ DKUEJQH XQP /CIFGDWTI D\Y FGT *GT\QI XQP #PJCNV NKG­ FKG /ÒP\GP UGKPGU 0CEJDCTP MQRKGTGP WO FCU GKIGPG   )GNFCWHFGUUGP/·TMVGPQJPG2TQDNGOG\KTMWNKGTGPNCUUGP\WMÌPPGP XINFGPCWUHÒJTNKEJGP-QOOGPVCTDGK/GJN /CIFGDWTI5 



$TCMVGCVIÛ/#84+%+8ÛÛ&$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/QTKV\XXÒDGT.GKUVGWPF\YKUEJGPXKGT 6ÒTOGP$GTIGT/GJNF5NI*CWUYCNFV &WPMNG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

2078







166

2079



2080

$TCMVGCV  I /#84+%  +85Û&8: &GT JGKNKIG /QTKV\ UKV\V X X OKV UGIPGPFGT 4GEJVGP WPF   5EJYGTV CWH $QIGP $GTIGT  /GJN  FKGU 'ZGORNCT  5NI $QPJQHH  5NI *CWUYCNFV    5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV 8QT\ÒINKEJGU2TCEJVGZGORNCT



$TCMVGCVI&GTJGKNKIG/QTKV\UVGJVXXOKV5EJYGTV5EJKNFWPF(CJPGPNCP\GNKO(GNF6WTO WPF1#8$GTIGT/GJN5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI.ÌDDGEMG  *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ



$TCMVGCVI&GTJGKNKIG/QTKV\UVGJVXXOKV5EJYGTVWPF(CJPGPNCP\G\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP6WTO WPFGKPG5HÌTOKIG4CPMG$GTIGT/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT 5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV 44(GKPG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP




MAGDEBURG

2081

2082



$TCMVGCVI/#84+%+85Û&8Û&GTJGKNKIG/QTKV\UVGJVXXOKV5EJYGTVWPF(CJPGPNCP\G $GTIGT/GJN5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV 4(GKPG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





$TCMVGCV  I /#84  +6+85Û&Û &GT JGKNKIG /QTKV\ UVGJV X X OKV 5EJYGTV 5EJKNF WPF (CJPGP   NCP\G$GTIGT/GJN5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV  4-N2T·IGUEJY·EJGCO4CPFUQPUVCVVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT



2083





$TCMVGCVI$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/QTKV\XXKP5GEJURC­KPFGP9KPMGNP1#82+5 $GTIGT/GJNC FKGU'ZGORNCT 5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV  48QT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT



$TCMVGCV  I $TWUVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP /QTKV\ X X OKV 5EJYGTV WPF 2CNO\YGKI KP (ÒPHRC­ ÒDGT   $QIGP FCTWPVGT 6WTO /#84+ CWH FGO $QIGP WPF %  +  8  5 KP FGP 9KPMGNP FGU (ÒPHRCUUGU   $GTIGT/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT 5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV 4(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCTOKVFWPMNGT2CVKPC



2085







2086

$TCMVGCVI/#84+6+85$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/QTKV\XXOKV2CNO\YGKIWPF-TGW\UVCDÒDGT &QRRGNDQIGP FCTWPVGT FKG $TWUVDKNFGT FGU 'T\DKUEJQHU OKV -TWOOUVCD WPF GKPGU )GKUVNKEJGP GKPCPFGT   \WIGYCPFV $GTIGT  /GJN  D FKGU 'ZGORNCT  5NI $QPJQHH  5NI *CWUYCNFV    5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV 4.GKEJVFG\GPVTKGTVUGJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCVI5%+5$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/QTKV\XX\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP6WTOOKV-TGW\UVCDN WPF(CJPGT/#/GJN5NI*CWUYCNFV 445GJTUEJÌP



2087



2084

2088

$TCMVGCV  I $TWUVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP /QTKV\ X X OKV (CJPG WPF -TGW\UVCD \W FGP 5GKVGP LG GKP   6WTOWPVGTFGO$QIGP&TGKDNCVV$GTIGT/GJN5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV  -N4CPFHGJNGTHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



$TCMVGCV  I $TWUVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP /QTKV\ X X OKV -TGW\UVCD WPF 2CNO\YGKI ÒDGT N·PINKEJGO   )GD·WFG OKV ITQ­GT 4QUGVVG CEJVURGKEJKIGU 4CF  $GTIGT  /GJN  5NI $QPJQHH    5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5NI.ÌDDGEMG 5GJTUEJÌP

 167


MAGDEBURG

2089



2090

$TCMVGCVI&GTJGKNKIG/QTKV\UVGJVXXOKV5EJYGTVWPFPCEJCW­GPDNKEMGPFGO8QIGNCWHFGT NKPMGP*CPF\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKPUGEJUUVTCJNKIGT5VGTP/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT 5NI*CWUYCNFV 8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV-N4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



$TCMVGCVI&GTJGKNKIG/QTKV\UVGJVXXOKV2CNO\YGKI5EJKNFWPF(CJPGPNCP\GNKO(GNF6WTO $GTIGT  /GJN  FKGU 'ZGORNCT  5NI $QPJQHH  5NI *CWUYCNFV  5NI .ÌDDGEMG    4-N5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­UQPUVHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCTOKVJÒDUEJGT2CVKPC



'ZGORNCTFGT#WMVKQP(TKV\4WFQNH-ÒPMGT1UPCDTÒEM0T



&CU/ÒP\DKNFFGUXQTNKGIGPFGP6[RUFKGPVGYQJNCNU8QTNCIGHÒTGKPGP$TCMVGCVGPFGT)TCHGPXQP#PJCNVCWUFGT /ÒP\UV·VVG-ÌVJGP $GTIGTXIN/GJN/CIFGDWTI5 

2091



$TCMVGCVI/#84+6+85$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/QTKV\XXOKV(CJPGWPF-TGW\UVCDWPVGT &TGKDQIGPOKVFTGK6ÒTOGPFCTCWH$GTIGT/GJN5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV  4#VVTCMVKXGUXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCTOKVJÒDUEJGT2CVKPC

2092







2093

$TCMVGCV  I #'8  5Û&Û $TWUVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP /QTKV\ X X ÒDGT 5RKV\IKGDGNIGD·WFG OKV \YGK   6ÒTOGPWPF\YGK(CJPGPFCTWPVGT-QRHFGU'T\DKUEJQHUXX$GTIGT/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT  5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV  4#VVTCMVKXGUHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT



$TCMVGCVI/#84+&GTJGKNKIG/QTKV\UVGJVXXOKV5EJYGTVWPF(CJPGPNCP\G\WFGP5GKVGP LG GKP 6WTO $GTIGT  /GJN  FKGU 'ZGORNCT  5NI $QPJQHH  5NI *CWUYCNFV    5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV 48QNNCWUIGRT·IVGUHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT



2094



2095

$TCMVGCV  I $TWUVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP /QTKV\ X X OKV (CJPG WPF 2CNO\YGKI ÒDGT $QIGP FCTWPVGT   UGEJUUVTCJNKIGT5VGTP\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP6WTO$GTIGT/GJN5NI*CWUYCNFV  5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



$TCMVGCVI1+%++85&8*ÒHVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/QTKV\XXOKV-TGW\UVCDWPF(CJPG\YKUEJGP \YGK6ÒTOGPFCTWPVGT*KTPUEJCNG$GTIGT/GJNR5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV  *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ



//GJNMGPPVXQPFGOXQTNKGIGPFGO6[RXGTUEJKGFGPG7OUEJTKHVXCTKCPVGPCWUFGOWOXGTDQTIGPGP(WPF XQP4QVJGDCEJKO-TGKU2QVUFCO/KVVGNOCTM$TCPFGPDWTI XIN/GJN/CIFGDWTI5 

168




MAGDEBURG

2097

2096





$TCMVGCV  I *ÒHVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP /QTKV\ X X OKV \YGK -TGW\UV·DGP \YKUEJGP \YGK 6ÒTOGP   ÒDGT $QIGP FCTWPVGT *KTPUEJCNG $GTIGT  /GJN  5NI $QPJQHH  5NI *CWUYCNFV    5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5NI.ÌDDGEMG FQTVWPVGT3WGFNKPDWTI  -N6WUEJG\KHHGTUGJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCVI&GTJGKNKIG/QTKV\UVGJVXXOKV*KTPUEJCNGKPFGP*·PFGP\YKUEJGP\YGK6ÒTOGP OKV-TGW\GP$GTIGT/GJN5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV 5NI.ÌDDGEMG FQTVWPVGT3WGFNKPDWTI  5GJTUEJÌP



2099

2098





$TCMVGCV  I $TWUVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP /QTKV\ X X OKV GKPGT (CJPG KP LGFGT *CPF ÒDGT &TGKDQIGP   FCTWPVGT6WTOOKV-TGW\\YKUEJGP-QRHFGU'T\DKUEJQHUWPFGKPGTYGKVGTGP2GTUQPXX$GTIGT /GJNC5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV 5GJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCV  I $TWUVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP /QTKV\ X X OKV GKPGT (CJPG KP LGFGT *CPF ÒDGT &TGKDQIGP   FCTWPVGT6WTOOKV-TGW\\YKUEJGP-QRHFGU'T\DKUEJQHUWPFGKPGTYGKVGTGP2GTUQPXX$GTIGT /GJND5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV 5GJTUEJÌP



2100





2101

$TCMVGCVI$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/QTKV\XXOKV2CNO\YGKIWPF-TGW\UVCDÒDGT$QIGPFCTWPVGT 6WTO\YKUEJGP\YGKMNGKPGTGP6ÒTOGP\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKPYGKVGTGT6WTO$GTIGT/GJNC 5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV 5GJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCVI$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/QTKV\XXOKV2CNO\YGKIWPF-TGW\UVCDÒDGT$QIGPFCTWPVGT 6WTO\YKUEJGP\YGKMNGKPGTGP6ÒTOGP\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKPYGKVGTGT6WTO$GTIGT/GJND 5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV 8QT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCTOKVJGTTNKEJGT2CVKPC



2102



$TCMVGCV  I &8: &GT JGKNKIG /QTKV\ UVGJV X X OKV (CJPGPNCP\G 5EJKNF WPF 2CNO\YGKI N KO   (GNF6WTO$GTIGT/GJN5NI*CWUYCNFV *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ

 169


MAGDEBURG

2104

2103

#NDTGEJVXQP-·HGTPDWTI





#NDTGEJVYWTFGWOCNU5QJPFGU)TCHGP)ÒPVJGTXQP-·HGTPDWTIWPFUGKPGT)GOCJNKP#IPGUXQP 5CCTDTÒEMGP IGDQTGP 0CEJ FGO $GUWEJ FGT *KNFGUJGKOGT &QOUEJWNG GTJKGNV GT GKPG 2HTÒPFG KO   /CIFGDWTIGT&QOMCRKVGNWPFUVWFKGTVGCPUEJNKG­GPFKP2CTKU0CEJYGKVGTGP5VWFKGPKP$QNQIPCYWTFG GT  \WO 0CEJHQNIGT .WFQNHU XQP -TQRRGPUVGFV   IGY·JNV &KG 9GKJG GTJKGNV #NDTGEJV   LGFQEJ GTUV CO  FC GT FWTEJ UGKPG 'PVUEJGKFWPI HÒT FKG UVCWHKUEJG 2CTVGK KP )GIGPUCV\ \W   2CRUV +PPQ\GP\ +++   IGTCVGP YCT 0CEJ FGT 'TOQTFWPI 2JKNKRRU XQP 5EJYCDGP KO ,CJTG    GTMCPPVG #NDTGEJV FCU -ÌPKIVWO FGU 9GNHGP 1VVQ +8   PWT IGIGP WOHCPITGKEJG   VGTTKVQTKCNG <WIGUV·PFPKUUG CP DGINGKVGVG FKGUGP CDGT \WT -CKUGTMTÌPWPI PCEJ 4QO  UEJNWI UKEJ   #NDTGEJVGPFIÒNVKICWHFKGUVCWHKUEJG5GKVGYCU\WGKPGO&CWGTMQPHNKMVOKV9GNHGPWPF$TCPFGPDWTIGTP HÒJTVG 7PVGT -CKUGT (TKGFTKEJ ++   URKGNVG #NDTGEJV CNU R·RUVNKEJGT .GICV HÒT ICP\   &GWVUEJNCPFWPFMCKUGTNKEJGT.GICVGKPGDGFGWVGPFG4QNNGKPFGT4GKEJURQNKVKMDGXQTGTCO XGTOWVNKEJCWHFGO4ÒEMYGIXQPGKPGO4GKEJUVCIKP#SWKNGKLCXGTUVCTD$GKIGUGV\VYWTFGGT COKO/CIFGDWTIGT&QO 

$TCMVGCV*CNNGI#.$'4685Û'.'%685Û)GKUVNKEJGTVJTQPVXXOKV.KNKGP\GRVGTWPF$WEJ CWHGKPGO(CNVUVWJNFGTOKV6KGTMÌRHGPXGT\KGTVKUV$GTIGT/GJN5NI.ÌDDGEMG  44(CUVUGJTUEJÌP



&GTCWHFGOXQTNKGIGPFGP'ZGORNCTIGPCPPVG0COG#.$'4685RCUUVCWUUEJNKG­NKEJCWHFGP'T\DKUEJQH#NDTGEJV XQP-·HGTPDWTI  'TKUVKO1TPCVGKPGU2TQDUVGUQJPG/KVTCWPF-CUGNFCTIGUVGNNV#NDTGEJVYWTFGKO #WIWUV\WO0CEJHQNIGTFGUXGTUVQTDGPGP'T\DKUEJQHU.WFQNHXQP-TQRRGPUVGFV  IGY·JNVWPFGTUV KO &G\GODGT XQO2CRUVKPUGKPGO#OVDGUV·VKIV&KGUGT$TCMVGCVOWUUCNUQKPFGT<YKUEJGP\GKVGPVUVCPFGP UGKP Y·JTGPF FGTGT UKEJ #NDTGEJV NGFKINKEJ CNU 'TY·JNVGT '.'%685  WPF PQEJ PKEJV CNU 'T\DKUEJQH  

#4%*+'2+5%1285 DG\GKEJPGPFWTHVG XIN/GJN/CIFGDWTI5 



$TCMVGCV PCEJ /GK­PGT 5EJNCI *CNNGI)GKUVNKEJGTUKV\VXXOKV-TGW\\GRVGTWPF.KNKGP\GRVGT /GJN5EJYKPMQYUMK -N5EJTÌVNKPIUTKUUGUGJTUEJÌP



'ZGORNCTFGT#WMVKQP(TKV\4WFQNH-ÒPMGT1UPCDTÒEM0T

2105



2106

2107

$TCMVGCVI#.'T\DKUEJQHUKV\VXXOKV-TWOOUVCDWPFCWHIGUEJNCIGPGO$WEJ\WFGP5GKVGPLG GKP6WTOWPFGKP4KPI$GTIGT/GJN5NI$QPJQHH5NI.ÌDDGEMG  8QT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCTOKVJÒDUEJGT2CVKPC





$TCMVGCVI#.'T\DKUEJQHUKV\VXXOKV-TWOOUVCDWPFCWHIGUEJNCIGPGO$WEJ\WFGP5GKVGPLG GKP6WTO$GTIGT/GJN5NI$QPJQHH5NI.ÌDDGEMG 5GJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCV  I #.  46 $TWUVDKNF FGU 'T\DKUEJQHU X X OKV \YGK -TGW\UV·DGP WPVGT &TGKDQIGP   FCTCWH6WTO$GTIGT/GJN5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV  'VYCUFGP\GPVTKGTVUQPUVHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



170


MAGDEBURG

2108



2109

2110

$TCMVGCVI#.&'468#%*+&TGKVÒTOKIGU)GD·WFGCWH&TGKDQIGPFCTKP-TGW\$GTIGT /GJNC5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV 5GJTUEJÌP



&KGQHVOCNUUVCTMGPVUVGNNVG7OUEJTKHVN·UUVUKEJ\W#.$'4685#4%*+'2+5%1285CWHNÌUGP





$TCMVGCV  I #..+1  4685 &TGKVÒTOKIGU )GD·WFG CWH &TGKDQIGP FCTKP -TGW\ $GTIGT    /GJNH5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV  2T·IGUEJY·EJGUGJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCV  I #.468  8:& &TGKVÒTOKIGU )GD·WFG CWH &TGKDQIGP FCTKP .KNKG /GJN    5NI*CWUYCNFV 5GJTUEJÌP



2111

2112



$TCMVGCV  I #.$  '4685 &GT JGKNKIG /QTKV\ UVGJV X X OKV -TGW\UVCD WPF (CJPG /GJN   

FKGU'ZGORNCT 5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV 4*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCV  I #.$  '4605 *GKNKIGT /QTKV\ UVGJV X X OKV 2CNO\YGKI WPF (CJPG $GTIGT /GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT 5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV 5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI-GPPGRQJN#WMVKQP(TKV\4WFQNH-ÒPMGT1UPCDTÒEM0T 'TYQTDGPXQP$TWPQ&QTHOCPP0QXGODGT

2113

$WTMJCTFVXQP9QNFGPDGTI



2114





&GTGTUVOCNUCNU&QOJGTTXQP*KNFGUJGKODGNGIVG$WTMJCTFVYCTFGT5QJPFGU)TCHGP.WFQNH++ XQP9ÌNVGTKPIGTQFGWPFUGKPGT(TCW)WVC0CEJFGO#WUINGKEJ\YKUEJGPFGO/CIFGDWTIGT'T\DKUEJQH #NDTGEJV XQP -·HGTPDWTI   WPF 1VVQ +8   GTJKGNV GT  GKP -CPQPKMCV CO   /CIFGDWTIGT&QO0CEJFGO5VWT\1VVQU+8\QIUKEJ$WTMJCTFVMWT\HTKUVKICWUFGT4GKEJURQNKVKMPCEJ *KNFGUJGKO \WTÒEM YQ GT  &QOMWUVQU WPF  &QORTQDUV YWTFG +O 5GRVGODGT QFGT 1MVQDGT   FGU ,CJTGU  YWTFG $WTMJCTFV \WO 0CEJHQNIGT #NDTGEJVU IGY·JNV FWTHVG \WP·EJUV CDGT PWT FKG   GT\DKUEJÌHNKEJGP)ÒVGTXGTYCNVGPDGXQTGTYQJNKO0QXGODGTXQP2CRUV)TGIQT+:   DGUV·VKIV YWTFG <W GKPGT QHHK\KGNNGP -QPUGMTCVKQP MCO GU LGFQEJ PKEJVOGJTFC$WTMJCTFVPCEJGKPGT \YGKHGNJCHVGP UR·VGTGP ªDGTNKGHGTWPI Y·JTGPF GKPGT 2KNIGTHCJTV PCEJ ,GTWUCNGO  XGTUVQTDGP UGKP   UQNN5GKPGNGV\VG4WJGUV·VVGKUVWPDGMCPPV   



$TCMVGCV  I $TWUVDKNFFGU'T\DKUEJQHUXXOKV-TWOOWPF-TGW\UVCDWPVGT&TGKDQIGPFCTCWH HÒPH6ÒTOG$GTIGT/GJN5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI.ÌDDGEMG  (CUVUGJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCV  I 'T\DKUEJQH UVGJV X X OKV \YGK -TGW\UV·DGP KP 5GEJURC­ $GTIGT  /GJN    5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV (GKPG6ÌPWPIYKP\4CPFCWUDTWEJUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

 171


MAGDEBURG

2115





2117

2116

$TCMVGCV  I 'T\DKUEJQH UVGJV X X OKV -TWOOUVCD WPF (CJPG \W FGP 5GKVGP LG GKP 6WTO CWH   /CWGTNGKUVG/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT 5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI.ÌDDGEMG  48QT\ÒINKEJ



$TCMVGCV  I 'T\DKUEJQH UVGJV X X OKV -TWOOUVCD WPF (CJPG \W FGP 5GKVGP LG GKP 6WTO CWH   /CWGTNGKUVG/GJN5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI.ÌDDGEMG  4*QEJKPVGTGUUCPVG8GTRT·IWPIUGJTUEJÌP



&CUÒDGTRT·IVG5VÒEMUEJGKPVGDGPHCNNU/GJN\WUGKP&KG/ÒP\GKUVYQJNKO5VGORGNWOuIGURTWPIGP



$TCMVGCV  I 'T\DKUEJQH UVGJV X X OKV -TWOOUVCD WPF (CJPG \W FGP 5GKVGP LG GKP 6WTO CWH   /CWGTNGKUVG/GJN5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI.ÌDDGEMG 45GJTUEJÌP

2118







2120

2119

$TCMVGCV  I 'T\DKUEJQH UVGJV X X OKV -TWOOUVCD WPF (CJPG \W FGP 5GKVGP LG GKP 6WTO CWH   /CWGTNGKUVG/GJN5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI.ÌDDGEMG  44CPFCWUDTWEJUGJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCV  I 'T\DKUEJQH UKV\V X X OKV \YGK -TGW\UV·DGP KP 5GEJURC­ $GTIGT  /GJN    5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI.ÌDDGEMG (CUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT



9KNDTCPFXQP-·HGTPDWTI





&GT WO  IGDQTGPG 5QJP FGU )TCHGP )ÒPVJGT XQP -·HGTPDWTI WPF *CNDDTWFGT FGU /CIFGDWTIGT   'T\DKUEJQHU #NDTGEJV XQP -·HGTPDWTI KUV GTUVOCNU  CNU &QOJGTT XQP /CIFGDWTI UEJTKHVNKEJ   DG\GWIV#OYWTFGGT\WO0CEJHQNIGTFGU'NGMVGP$WTMJCTFVXQP9QNFGPDWTIIGY·JNVWPF GTJKGNV FKG R·RUVNKEJG $GUV·VKIWPI UQYKG FCU 2CNNKWO DGK GKPGO #WHGPVJCNV CP FGT -WTKG FWTEJ 2CRVU   )TGIQT+:  KO0QXGODGT&G\GODGTFGUUGNDGP,CJTGU+O)GIGPUCV\\WUGKPGO*CNDDTWFGT ITKHH9KNDTCPFPKEJVCMVKXKPFKG4GKEJURQNKVKMGKPDGHCPFUKEJCDGTKPFCWGTPFGP#WUGKPCPFGTUGV\WPIGP OKV FGP CUMCPKUEJGP /CTMITCHGP XQP $TCPFGPDWTI 9·JTGPF GKPGT OKNKV·TKUEJGP 7PVGTPGJOWPI KP FGT   #NVOCTMYWTFG9KNDTCPFUEJYGTXGTNGV\VWPFMQPPVGUKEJPWTMPCRRGKPGT)GHCPIGPPCJOGGPV\KGJGP'T XGTUVCTDCOWPFYWTFGKOUÒFNKEJGP-TGW\CTOFGU/CIFGDWTIGT&QOUDGUVCVVGV 

$TCMVGCV  I 9+..'$4#0685 $TWUVDKNF FGU 'T\DKUEJQHU X X \YKUEJGP \YGK 6ÒTOGP WPVGT   &TGKDQIGPFCTCWHFTGK6ÒTOG/GJNC5NI*CWUYCNFV 45EJTÌVNKPIUTKUUGUGJTUEJÌP

2121

2122



2123



$TCMVGCVI8+..'$4#0&'T\DKUEJQHUVGJVXXOKV-TWOOUVCDWPF(CJPGPNCP\G/GJN 5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5NI.ÌDDGEMG 5GJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCVI 8+..'$#40Û'2+5%28Û*ÒHVDKNFFGU'T\DKUEJQHUXXOKV-TWOOUVCDWPF-TGW\ UVCD$GTIGT/GJNC FKGU'ZGORNCT 5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI.ÌDDGEMG .GKEJVFG\GPVTKGTVUQPUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



$TCMVGCV  I Û9+..'$#402Û'2+5%128 *ÒHVDKNF FGU 'T\DKUEJQHU X X OKV -TWOOUVCD WPF   -TGW\UVCD$GTIGT/GJND5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI.ÌDDGEMG  8QT\ÒINKEJGU2TCEJVGZGORNCT





172


MAGDEBURG

2124







ex 2126

2125

$TCMVGCV  I 8+..'$#402Û'2+5%128 *ÒHVDKNF FGU 'T\DKUEJQHU X X OKV -TWOOUVCD WPF   -TGW\UVCD$GTIGT/GJNG5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI.ÌDDGEMG  5GJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCV  I 9+..'$#40y '2+5%12 *ÒHVDKNF FGU 'T\DKUEJQHU X X OKV -TWOOUVCD WPF   -TGW\UVCD$GTIGT/GJNN5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI.ÌDDGEMG  8QT\ÒINKEJ



$TCMVGCV  I WPFI 88+..'$4#0&852+5%1&GT'T\DKUEJQHUKV\VXXOKV-TWOOWPF -TGW\UVCDCWH$QIGP$GTIGT/GJNC ZFKGU'ZGORNCT 5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV 5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5NI.ÌDDGEMG 5VÒEM8QT\ÒINKEJWPFUGJTUEJÌP



2127

2129

2128



$TCMVGCVI9+..'$'T\DKUEJQHUVGJVXXOKV-TWOOUVCDWPF2CNO\YGKI\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP MNGKPGT6WTO/GJN5NI*CWUYCNFV 4*ÒDUEJGFWPMNG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCV  I 'T\DKUEJQH UVGJV X X OKV -TWOO WPF -TGW\UVCD \YKUEJGP \YGK FWTEJ *CNDDÌIGP   XGTDWPFGPG6ÒTOG$GTIGT #DDXGTVCWUEJVOKV /GJNC5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWU YCNFV5NI.ÌDDGEMG #VVTCMVKXG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCV  I 'T\DKUEJQH UVGJV X X OKV -TWOO WPF -TGW\UVCD \YKUEJGP \YGK FWTEJ *CNDDÌIGP   XGTDWPFGPG6ÒTOG$GTIGT #DDXGTVCWUEJVOKV /GJNC5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWU YCNFV5NI.ÌDDGEMG )WVCWUIGRT·IVGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT





2130

2131

2132



$TCMVGCV  I &GT 'T\DKUEJQH UVGJV X X OKV -TWOO WPF -TGW\UVCD \W FGP 5GKVGP LG GKP 6WTO   $GTIGT/GJN5NI*CWUYCNFV 444CPFCWUDTWEJUQPUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





$TCMVGCV  I &GT 'T\DKUEJQH UVGJV X X OKV -TWOO WPF -TGW\UVCD \W FGP 5GKVGP LG GKP 6WTO   $GTIGT/GJN5NI*CWUYCNFV  449KP\5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­WPFNGKEJVG-QTTQUKQPUURWTGPCO4CPFUGJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCV  I $TWUVDKNF FGU 'T\DKUEJQHU X X OKV -TWOO WPF -TGW\UVCD WPVGT GKPGO OKV XKGT   6ÒTOGP DGUGV\VGO 2QTVCN $GTIGT  /GJN  C 5NI $QPJQHH  5NI *CWUYCNFV    5NI.ÌDDGEMG .GKEJVGT&QRRGNUEJNCIUGJTUEJÌP





173


MAGDEBURG







2135

2134

2133

$TCMVGCV  I $TWUVDKNF FGU 'T\DKUEJQHU X X OKV -TWOO WPF -TGW\UVCD WPVGT GKPGO OKV XKGT   6ÒTOGP DGUGV\VGO 2QTVCN \W FGP 5GKVGP LG GKP 4KPI $GTIGT  /GJN  D 5NI $QPJQHH    5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI.ÌDDGEMG *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCMN4CPFCDDTWEJUGJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCVI*ÒHVDKNFFGU'T\DKUEJQHUXXOKV-TWOOUVCDWPF$WEJFCTÒDGT&TGKDQIGPOKVFTGK 6ÒTOGP$GTIGT/GJN5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI.ÌDDGEMG  #VVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT



$TCMVGCVI*ÒHVDKNFFGU'T\DKUEJQHUXXOKV-TWOOUVCDWPF$WEJFCTÒDGT&TGKDQIGPOKVFTGK 6ÒTOGP$GTIGT/GJN5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI.ÌDDGEMG  5GJTUEJÌP



2136

2137

2138



$TCMVGCVI$TWUVDKNFFGU'T\DKUEJQHUXXOKV-TWOOWPF-TGW\UVCDKP8KGTRC­\WFGP5GKVGP LGGKP4KPI$GTIGT/GJNC5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV 5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





$TCMVGCVI$TWUVDKNFFGU'T\DKUEJQHUXXOKV-TWOOWPF-TGW\UVCDKP8KGTRC­$GTIGT /GJND5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV (GKPG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ





$TCMVGCVI'T\DKUEJQHVJTQPVXXOKV-TWOOUVCDWPF$WEJCWHGKPGO(CNVUVWJNFGTOKV6KGTMÌRHGP XGT\KGTVKUV$GTIGT/GJN5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV  4CPFGVYCUCWUIGDTQEJGPUQPUVCVVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCTOKVFWPMNGT2CVKPC



2139







174

2140

2141

$TCMVGCVI'T\DKUEJQHVJTQPVXXOKV-TWOOUVCDWPF$WEJCWHGKPGO(CNVUVWJNFGTOKV6KGTMÌRHGP XGT\KGTVKUV$GTIGT/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT 5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV  -N4CPFHGJNGTUQPUVUGJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCV  I 'T\DKUEJQH UVGJV X X OKV \YGK -TGW\UV·DGP \W FGP 5GKVGP LG GKP/CWGTFTGKGEMOKV 6WTO $GTIGT  /GJN  5NI $QPJQHH  5NI *CWUYCNFV  5NI *QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV    5NI.ÌDDGEMG *GTTNKEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ



$TCMVGCV  I *ÒHVDKNF FGU 'T\DKUEJQHU X X OKV -TGW\ WPF -TWOOUVCD $GTIGT  /GJN   

FKGU'ZGORNCT 5NI$QPJQHH5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5NI.ÌDDGEMG  45EJTÌVNKPIUTK­UGJTUEJÌP




MAGDEBURG

2142



2144

2143

$TCMVGCV  I $TWUVDKNF FGU 'T\DKUEJQHU X X OKV \YGK (CJPGP ÒDGT /CWGT OKV 6QTDQIGP WPF   6ÒTOGP/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT 5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





$TCMVGCV  I 'T\DKUEJQH UVGJV X X OKV -TWOO WPF -TGW\UVCD KP &TGKRC­ \W FGP 5GKVGP LG GKP   6WTO$GTIGT/GJN5NI*CWUYCNFV (CUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCTOKVCVVTCMVKXGT2CVKPC





$TCMVGCV  I 'T\DKUEJQH UVGJV X X OKV -TWOO WPF -TGW\UVCD KP &TGKRC­ \W FGP 5GKVGP LG GKP   6WTO$GTIGT/GJN5NI*CWUYCNFV 5GJTUEJÌP



2145











2147

$TCMVGCVI'T\DKUEJQHUKV\VXXOKV-TWOOWPF-TGW\UVCD\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP*CNDDQIGPOKV 6WTO$GTIGT/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT 5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI.ÌDDGEMG 8QT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCTOKVJÒDUEJGT2CVKPC



$TCMVGCVI'T\DKUEJQHUKV\VXXOKV-TWOOWPF-TGW\UVCD\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP*CNDDQIGPOKV 6WTO$GTIGT/GJN5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI.ÌDDGEMG  5GJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCTOKVJÒDUEJGT2CVKPC



$TCMVGCVI'T\DKUEJQHUKV\VXXOKV-TGW\HCJPGWPF-TWOOUVCDCWH/CWGTNGKUVG/GJN FKGU 'ZGORNCT  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV5GJTUEJÌP



2148



2146

2149

2150

$TCMVGCVI'T\DKUEJQHUVGJVXXOKV\YGK-TWOOUV·DGP\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP$CWYGTMOKV6WTO $GTIGT/GJN5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI.ÌDDGEMG  48QNNCWUIGRT·IVUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



$TCMVGCVI'T\DKUEJQHUVGJVXXOKV\YGK-TWOOUV·DGP\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP$CWYGTMOKV6WTO $GTIGT/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT 5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI.ÌDDGEMG  4-N4CPFCWUDTWEJUGJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCV  I 'T\DKUEJQH UVGJV X X OKV -TWOOUVCD WPF (CJPG \W FGP 5GKVGP LG GKP 6WTO CWH   /CWGTNGKUVG$GTIGT/GJN5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV 5NI.ÌDDGEMG 4-N4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP

 175


MAGDEBURG

2151



2153

2152

$TCMVGCV  I 'T\DKUEJQH UVGJV X X OKV -TWOOUVCD WPF (CJPG \W FGP 5GKVGP LG GKP 6WTO CWH   /CWGTNGKUVG $GTIGT  /GJN  FKGU 'ZGORNCT  5NI $QPJQHH  5NI *CWUYCNFV    5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5NI.ÌDDGEMG 4-N4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCV  I 'T\DKUEJQH UVGJV X X OKV -TWOOUVCD WPF -TGW\HCJPG \W FGP 5GKVGP LG GKP 6WTO   $GTIGT/GJN5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV 48QT\ÒINKEJ





$TCMVGCVI'T\DKUEJQHUVGJVXXOKV-TWOOUVCDWPF(CJPG\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP6WTO/GJN 5NI*CWUYCNFV 44(CUVUGJTUEJÌP



2155

2154







$TCMVGCVI'T\DKUEJQHUVGJVXXOKV-TWOOWPF.KNKGPUVCD\YKUEJGP\YGK6ÒTOGPCWH$QIGP $GTIGT/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT 5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV 5GJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCV  I $TWUVDKNFFGU'T\DKUEJQHUXXOKV-TWOOWPF-TGW\UVCDWPVGT&TGKDQIGPFCTCWH )GD·WFG/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT 5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV  4#VVTCMVKXGU'ZGORNCTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



$TCMVGCV  I 'T\DKUEJQH UKV\V X X OKV \YGK -TGW\GP FCTWPVGT LG GKP <KPPGPVWTO $GTIGT    /GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT 5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV  48QT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCTOKVJGTTNKEJGT2CVKPC



2157





 176

2156

2158

2159

$TCMVGCVI'T\DKUEJQHUKV\VXXOKV-TWOOUVCDWPFCWHIGUEJNCIGPGO$WEJCWHGKPGTXQP\YGK 6ÒTOGP HNCPMKGTVGP /CWGT WPVGT &TGKDQIGP OKV UKGDGP 6ÒTOGP $GTIGT  /GJN  C FKGU 'ZGO   RNCT 5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV 8QT\ÒINKEJ



$TCMVGCVI'T\DKUEJQHUKV\VXXOKV-TWOOUVCDWPFCWHIGUEJNCIGPGO$WEJCWHGKPGTXQP\YGK 6ÒTOGPHNCPMKGTVGP/CWGTWPVGT&TGKDQIGPOKVUKGDGP6ÒTOGP$GTIGT/GJND5NI$QPJQHH 5NI*CWUYCNFV 8QT\ÒINKEJ



$TCMVGCVI'T\DKUEJQHUVGJVXXOKV-TWOOUVCDWPF(CJPG\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP2QUVCOGPVOKV -WIGNMTGW\UVCD/GJN5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV 5GJTUEJÌP




MAGDEBURG

2161

2160







2162

$TCMVGCVI*ÒHVDKNFFGU'T\DKUEJQHUXXOKV-TWOOWPF-TGW\UVCDÒDGT$QIGPFCTWPVGT-WIGN \YKUEJGP \YGK 2WPMVGP \W FGP 5GKVGP LG GKP 6WTO $GTIGT  /GJN  C 5NI $QPJQHH    5NI*CWUYCNFV (GKPG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



$TCMVGCVI*ÒHVDKNFFGU'T\DKUEJQHUXXOKV-TWOOWPF-TGW\UVCDÒDGT$QIGPFCTWPVGT-WIGN \YKUEJGP \YGK 2WPMVGP \W FGP 5GKVGP LG GKP 6WTO $GTIGT  /GJN  C FKGU 'ZGORNCT    5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV /KP4CPFCDDTWEJUGJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCV  I $TWUVDKNF FGU 'T\DKUEJQHU WPF FGU JGKNKIGP /QTKV\ PGDGPGKPCPFGT X X WPVGT \YGK   $ÌIGP OKV LGYGKNU GKPGO 6WTO KP FGT /KVVG QDGP WPF WPVGP LG GKP -TGW\ $GTIGT  /GJN    5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5NI.ÌDDGEMG 5GJTUEJÌP



2163



2164

$TCMVGCVI&KG$TWUVDKNFGTFGU'T\DKUEJQHUWPFFGUJGKNKIGP/QTKV\XXFWTEJGKPGP-TGW\UVCD IGVTGPPVWPVGTGKPGOXQPFTGK6ÒTOGPIGMTÌPVGP&QRRGNDQIGP/GJN5NI*CWUYCNFV  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV/KP4CPFCWUDTWEJUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



'ZGORNCTFGT#WMVKQP(TKV\4WFQNH-ÒPMGT1UPCDTÒEM0T



$TCMVGCV  I &QRRGNDQIGP FCTWPVGT FKG -ÌRHG FGU 'T\DKUEJQHU WPF FGU JGKNKIGP /QTKV\ X X   FCTÒDGT ITQ­GT 6WTO HNCPMKGTV XQP \YGK MNGKPGTGP 6ÒTOGP WPF LG GKPGT -TGW\DNÒVG $GTIGT    /GJN5NI*CWUYCNFV 5GJTUEJÌP

2165



2166



2167

$TCMVGCV  I 'T\DKUEJQH N MPKGV XQT FGO UVGJGPFGP JGKNKIGP /QTKV\ OKV 5EJYGTV \YKUEJGP   FGP DGKFGP WPVGP GKP $QIGP OKV -TGW\ WPF 6WTO QDGP GKP HTGK UEJYGDGPFGU -TGW\ /GJN  C   5NI$QPJQHH5NI.ÌDDGEMG  #VVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCTOKVFWPMNGT2CVKPCWPFCWUFTWEMUXQNNGO/ÒP\DKNF



'U UEJGKPV UKEJ JKGTDGK WO FGP GKP\KIGP $TCMVGCVGP \W JCPFGNP CWH FGO FKG 2GTUQP FGU JGKNKIGP /QTKV\ IGMTÌPV   FCTIGUVGNNVKUV XIN/GJN/CIFGDWTI5 ,).GWEMHGNF (GTPGTG*KUVQTKUEJG0CEJTKEJVXQPWPVGTUEJKGFGPGP CNVGP WPF TCTGP UKNDGTP $TCEVGCVGP QFGT $NGEJ/ÒPV\GP GKPKIGT XQTOCJNU IGYGUGPGP /CIFGDWTIKUEJGP   'TV\$KUEJÌHHG *CNDGTUVCFV   FGWVGVG FKG 5\GPG UQ FCUU FGT 'T\DKUEJQH FGO 5VKHVUJGKNKIGP UGKPGP 'KF CDNGIV   WPFFKGUGTFGP'T\DKUEJQHUGIPGV XIN/GJN/CIFGDWTI5 





$TCMVGCV  I 'T\DKUEJQH UVGJV X X OKV-TWOOUVCDTFGTJGKNKIG/QTKV\OKV5EJYGTVWPF2CNO \YGKI$GTIGT/GJN5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI.ÌDDGEMG  4(GKPG6ÌPWPIUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



$TCMVGCV  I $TWUVDKNF FGU 'T\DKUEJQHU X X \W FGP 5GKVGP /  # /GJN  FKGU 'ZGORNCT    5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV 5GJTUEJÌP

 177


MAGDEBURG

2169

2168







2170

$TCMVGCVI#846+85$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/QTKV\XXOKV-TGW\UVCDWPF(CJPGÒDGT&QR RGNDQIGPFCTWPVGTFKG-ÌRHGGKPGU9GNVNKEJGPWPFFGU'T\DKUEJQHUXX/GJN5NI*CWUYCNFV 5GJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCVI#846+85$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/QTKV\XXOKV-TGW\UVCDWPF(CJPGÒDGT&QR RGNDQIGPFCTWPVGTFKG-ÌRHGGKPGU9GNVNKEJGPWPFFGU'T\DKUEJQHUXX/GJN#PO 8CTKCPVGOKV -WIGN\YKUEJGPFGO-TGW\FGU5VCDGUWPFFGO0KODWU 5NI*CWUYCNFV  -N2T·IGUEJY·EJGUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



$TCMVGCVI$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/QTKV\OKV\YGK(CJPGPXXWPVGT&CEJOKVFTGK6ÒTOGPWPF \YGK&QRRGNMTGW\UV·DGP$GTIGT/GJNC FKGU'ZGORNCT 5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV 5NI.ÌDDGEMG 5GJTUEJÌP



2171

2173

2172



$TCMVGCV  I &GT JGKNKIG /QTKV\ UKV\V X X OKV 5EJYGTV WPF 5EJKNF CWH $QIGP ÒDGT FGO 5EJKNF   -WIGN/GJN5NI*CWUYCNFV 445EJTÌVNKPIUTK­WPF\CRQPKGTVHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





$TCMVGCV $WTIDTCMVGCV I/#84+%+)-TGW\KP6QTDQIGPFCTÒDGTGKP2WPMVWPF5RKV\ IKGDGNOKVFTGK6ÒTOGP$GTIGT/GJNC5NI*CWUYCNFV  -N4CPFCDDTWEJUQPUVHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT



$TCMVGCV  I $QIGP OKV FTGK 6ÒTOGP FCTWPVGT -TGW\ ÒDGT 4KPI $GTIGT  /GJN    5NI*CWUYCNFV 8QT\ÒINKEJ





2174

2175



2176

*QJNRHGPPKI  I &GT JGKNKIG /QTKV\ UVGJV X X OKV 5EJYGTV WPF -TGW\UVCD $GTIGT p /GJN p   5NI$QPJQHHp5NI*CWUYCNFVp 445GJTUEJÌP



'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPIFG9KV#WMVKQP(TKV\4WFQNH-ÒPMGT1UPCDTÒEM0T

#PQP[O8KGTVGNFGU,CJTJWPFGTVU 



178

$TCMVGCVI/#84+%+8)GD·WFGOKVGKPGO-WRRGNVWTOWPF\YGK<KPPGPVÒTOGPCWHFGP 5GKVGPHNÒIGNPÒDGT$QIGPFCTKP-TGW\$GTIGT/GJN5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV 8QT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT



$TCMVGCVI&GTJGKNKIG/QTKV\UKV\VXXOKV2CNO\YGKIWPF(CJPGCWH$QIGP$GTIGT/GJN 5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV5NI.ÌDDGEMG  (CUVUGJTUEJÌP




MAGDEBURG

2178

2177







$TCMVGCV  I /#8  4+%+8 &GT JGKNKIG /QTKV\ UKV\V X X OKV 2CNO\YGKI WPF (CJPGPNCP\G CWH   $QIGP $GTIGT  /GJN  C 5NI $QPJQHH  5NI *CWUYCNFV  5NI *QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV    5NI.ÌDDGEMG &WPMNG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCVI&GTJGKNKIG/QTKV\UVGJVXX\WFGP5GKVGPLG\YGK*CNDDÌIGPOKV6WTO/GJN

FKGU'ZGORNCT 5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV  4-N4CPFCDDTÒEJGUGJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCVI$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/QTKV\XXOKV-TGW\WPF2CNO\YGKIKP8KGTRC­ÒDGT$QIGP FCTWPVGT-WIGN/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT 5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV 445GJTUEJÌP



2181

2180







2182

$TCMVGCV  I /#  84+ $TWUVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP /QTKV\ X X OKV 5EJYGTV WPF 2CNO\YGKI ÒDGT   MNGKPGO$QIGP$GTIGT/GJN5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCYKP\4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ



$TCMVGCV  I /#  84+ $TWUVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP /QTKV\ X X OKV 5EJYGTV WPF 2CNO\YGKI ÒDGT   MNGKPGO$QIGP$GTIGT/GJN5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV &WPMNG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCV  I /#  84+ $TWUVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP /QTKV\ X X OKV 5EJYGTV WPF 2CNO\YGKI ÒDGT   MNGKPGO $QIGP $GTIGT  /GJN  FKGU 'ZGORNCT  5NI $QPJQHH  5NI *CWUYCNFV    5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV 8QT\ÒINKEJ



2183



2179

2184

2185

$TCMVGCVI 5#065/#84+%+85+*ÒHVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/QTKV\XXOKV.CP\GWPF-TGW\UVCD ÒDGT$QIGP$GTIGT/GJN5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV 8QT\ÒINKEJ





$TCMVGCVI*ÒHVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/QTKV\XXOKV-TGW\UVCDWPF(CJPGPNCP\GKP#EJVRC­WPVGP -TGW\$GTIGT/GJN5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV 8QT\ÒINKEJ





$TCMVGCVI&GTJGKNKIG/QTKV\UVGJVXXOKV-TGW\UVCDWPF(CJPGFKGCWH\YGKMWT\GP.GKUVGP UVÒEMGPTWJGP\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP-TGW\$GTIGT/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT 5NI$QPJQHH 5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI.ÌDDGEMG 8QT\ÒINKEJ

 179


MAGDEBURG

ex 2186











2188

$TCMVGCV  I WPF  I &GT JGKNKIG /QTKV\ UVGJV X X OKV -TGW\UVCD WPF (CJPG FKG CWH \YGK   MWT\GP .GKUVGPUVÒEMGP TWJGP \W FGP 5GKVGP LG GKP -TGW\ $GTIGT  /GJN  5NI $QPJQHH    5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI.ÌDDGEMG  5VÒEM.GKEJVG2T·IGUEJY·EJGUGJTUEJÌPWPF&QRRGNUEJNCIUGJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCV  I &GT JGKNKIG /QTKV\ UVGJV X X OKV -TGW\UVCD WPF (CJPGPNCP\G \W FGP 5GKVGP LG GKP   5EJGKDGPMTGW\/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT   8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV#VVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCTOKVJÒDUEJGT2CVKPC



$TCMVGCVI$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/QTKV\XXOKV(CJPGWPF-TGW\UVCDÒDGT$QIGPWPVGP-QRH FGU'T\DKUEJQHUXX\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP6WTO/GJN5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV 5GJTUEJÌP



2189



2187

ex 2190

2191

$TCMVGCV  I *ÒHVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP /QTKV\ X X OKV \YGK (CJPGP \YKUEJGP \YGK 6ÒTOGP ÒDGT   $QIGPFCTWPVGTFTGKMNGKPG6ÒTOG$GTIGT/GJN5NI*CWUYCNFV  -N4CPFCDDTWEJUGJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCVIWPFI&8:/#84+%+85&GTJGKNKIG/QTKV\UVGJVXXOKV.CP\GWPF5EJKNF /GJN5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI.ÌDDGEMG  5VÒEM#VVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCTWPFHCUVUGJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCVI$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/QTKV\XXWPVGT&TGKDQIGPOKVFTGK6ÒTOGP\WFGP5GKVGPLG GKPG(CJPG/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT 5NI*CWUYCNFV  8QPITÌ­VGT5GNVGPJGKV5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­UQPUVCVVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCTOKVJÒDUEJGT2CVKPC



2192

2193

2194



$TCMVGCVI$TWUVDKNFFGUJGKNKIGP/QTKV\XXOKV5EJYGTVWPF-TGW\UVCDÒDGT$QIGPFCTWPVGT WPF\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP6WTO/GJN5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV 5GJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCVI/#8&GTJGKNKIG/QTKV\UVGJVXXOKV.CP\GWPF(CJPGTKO(GNF-WIGN$GTIGT /GJN5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI.ÌDDGEMG 8QT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT





$TCMVGCVI/#8&GTJGKNKIG/QTKV\UVGJVXXOKV.CP\GWPF(CJPGTKO(GNF-WIGN$GTIGT /GJN5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI.ÌDDGEMG 5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



180


MAGDEBURG

2195

2196

2197



$TCMVGCVI&GTJGKNKIG/QTKV\UVGJVXXOKV(CJPGPNCP\GWPF5EJKNF/GJN5NI$QPJQHH 5NI*CWUYCNFV (GKPG6ÌPWPIHCUVUGJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCVI&GTJGKNKIG/QTKV\UVGJVXXOKV\YGK(CJPGP\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP5EJKNF/GJN 5NI*CWUYCNFV 45GJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCVI/#84+%+85&GTJGKNKIG/QTKV\UVGJVXXOKV5EJYGTVWPF-TGW\UVCD/GJNC 5NI*CWUYCNFV 5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





2200

2199

2198

$TCMVGCVI/#84+%+85&GTJGKNKIG/QTKV\UVGJVXXOKV5EJYGTVWPF-TGW\UVCD/GJNC 5NI*CWUYCNFV 5GJTUEJÌP 4WFQNHXQP&KPIGNUVGFV







0CEJ FGO 6QF FGU /CIFGDWTIGT 'T\DKUEJQHU 9KNDTCPF XQP -·HGTPDWTI   YWTFG FGT GKPGO   PQTFVJÒTKPIKUEJGP/KPKUVGTKCNGPIGUEJNGEJVGPVUVCOOGPFG4WFQNHXQTFGO\WFGUUGP0CEJHQNIGT IGY·JNV$GTGKVUCOWTMWPFGVGTCNUGNGEVWUGVEQPUGETCVWUCTEJKGRKUEQRWUDGXQTKJOKO#WHVTCI 2CRUV +PPQ\GP\ +8  FWTEJ$KUEJQH*GKPTKEJXQP/GTUGDWTIFCU2CNNKWOÒDGTTGKEJVYWTFG #PUQPUVGP IKDV GU \WT MWT\GP #OVU\GKV FKGUGU /CIFGDWTIGT 'T\DKUEJQHU PWT UR·TNKEJG UEJTKHVNKEJG   <GWIPKUUGªDGTFGP$GUKV\FGT)TCHUEJCHV5GGJCWUGPUQYKG\YGKGT$WTIGPKP#NXGPUNGDGPWPFGKPGTKP *CMGPUVGFV MCO GU \W GKPGO 5VTGKV OKV FGP /CTMITCHGP XQP $TCPFGPDWTI FGT  KP GKPGO 8GTVTCI   DGKIGNGIV YWTFG 4WFQNH UVCTD YQJN CO  DGK 6KUEJ GKPGU RNÌV\NKEJGP WPF WPIGMN·TVGP 6QFGU   5GKPG)TCDUV·VVGKUVWPDGMCPPV 

$TCMVGCVI41&1.('T\DKUEJQHUKV\VXXOKV-TWOOUVCDWPF(CJPGCWH$QIGP$GTIGT /GJN5NI*CWUYCNFV &WPMNG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCV  I 41&1.2J85&'+)$TWUVDKNFFGU'T\DKUEJQHUXXOKV-TWOOWPF-TGW\UVCD $GTIGT  /GJN  5NI $QPJQHH  5NI *CWUYCNFV  5NI *QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV    5NI.ÌDDGEMG #VVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT



2201

2202

2203



$TCMVGCVI 41&1.2*85&'+$TWUVDKNFFGU'T\DKUEJQHUXXOKV-TWOOUVCDWPF2CNO\YGKI /GJN5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI.ÌDDGEMG 5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­XQT\ÒINKEJ





$TCMVGCVI41&1.(+'T\DKUEJQHUVGJVXXOKV\YGK-TGW\UV·DGP/GJN5NI*CWUYCNFV 5NI.ÌDDGEMG 5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





$TCMVGCVI41&1.(+'T\DKUEJQHUVGJVXXOKV\YGK-TGW\UV·DGP/GJN5NI*CWUYCNFV 5NI.ÌDDGEMG (CUVUGJTUEJÌP

 181


MAGDEBURG

2206

2205

2204



$TCMVGCV  I 'T\DKUEJQH UVGJV X X OKV -TWOO WPF -TGW\UVCD \W FGP 5GKVGP 4  1 /GJN    5NI$QPJQHH 5GJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCV  I 'T\DKUEJQH UVGJV X X OKV -TWOO WPF -TGW\UVCD \W FGP 5GKVGP 4  1 /GJN    5NI$QPJQHH 5GJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCVI'T\DKUEJQHUVGJVXXOKV\YGK-TGW\UV·DGP\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKPG4CPMG/GJN

FKGU'ZGORNCT  445GJTUEJÌP



2207

2209

2208



$TCMVGCVI-QRHFGU'T\DKUEJQHUXXWPVGT6QTIGD·WFG/GJN5NI$QPJQHH  45EJÌPpUGJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCVI'T\DKUEJQHUVGJVXXOKV\YGK-TGW\UV·DGP/GJN5NI*CWUYCNFV  5GJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCVI&GT'T\DKUEJQHUKV\VXXOKV(CJPGWPF$WEJCWH/CWGTNGKUVG\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP 6WTO/GJN5NI$QPJQHH 445EJÌPpUGJTUEJÌP



2210

2212

2211



$TCMVGCVI'T\DKUEJQHUVGJVXXOKV-TWOOWPF-TGW\UVCD\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP6WTO/GJN 445GJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCVI'T\DKUEJQHUVGJVXXOKV\YGK(CJPGP/GJN 44-N4CPFCWUDTWEJUGJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCVI'T\DKUEJQHUVGJVXXOKV-TWOOWPF-TGW\UVCD\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKPHÒPHUVTCJNKIGT 5VGTP/GJN5NI*CWUYCNFV 5GJTUEJÌP



2213

2214



$TCMVGCVI(ÒPH6ÒTOGÒDGT&QRRGNDQIGPFCTWPVGTFKG-ÌRHG\YGKGT$KUEJÌHGXX/GJNC 445GJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCV $WTIDTCMVGCV I&TGK6ÒTOGÒDGT&QRRGNDQIGP/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT   8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV4CPFCWUIGDTQEJGPUQPUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCTOKVJÒDUEJGTFWPMNGT2CVKPC



182


MAGDEBURG

2215

2216

#PQP[O,CJTJWPFGTV 

&GPCT.GDWUI)GUVCNVOKV*GKNKIGPUEJGKPUKV\VXXCWH$QIGPKPFGP*·PFGPLGGKP.KNKGPUVCD )TQ­GT$WEJUVCDG$NGKP-TGW\WPFTGKP&TGKDNCVV&CPPGPDGTI/C#/GJN 5GJTUEJÌP



&GPCT.GDWUI)GUVCNVOKV*GKNKIGPUEJGKPUVGJVXXKPFGP*·PFGPLGGKP-TGW\UVCD)TQ­GT $WEJUVCDG & WOTCJOV XQP MNGKPGP -WIGNP &CPPGPDGTI /C  /GJN  5NI $QPJQHH  FKGU   'ZGORNCTFQTVWPVGT3WGFNKPDWTI  5EJÌP



+PFGT·NVGTGP.KVGTCVWTYWTFGQHVOCNUXGTUWEJVJKPVGTFGO$WEJUVCDGPFGT4ÒEMUGKVGFGP#PHCPIUDWEJUVCDGPGKPGT /ÒP\UV·VVG QFGT GKPGU /ÒP\JGTTGP \W GPVFGEMGP 5Q FGWVGVG ' $CJTHGNFV KP UGKPGT $GUEJTGKDWPI FGU (WPFGU XQP   #UEJGTUNGDGP FCU ITQ­G $ CNU #PHCPIUDWEJUVCDGP GKPGT DVKUUKP FGTGP $KNF GT CWH FGT 8QTFGTUGKVG GTDNKEMVG WPF   XGTQTVGVGFKG/ÒP\GKP3WGFNKPDWTIWPVGT$GTVTCFG++  QFGT$GTVTCFG+++  *&&CPPGPDGTI MQPPVGLGFQEJPCEJYGKUGPFCUUFKG$WEJUVCDGPXGTUEJKGFGPG'OKUUKQPUTGKJGPFGU'T\DKUVWOU/CIFGDWTIWO MGPP\GKEJPGP #W­GTFGO MQPPVG GT CPJCPF XQP (QVQXGTITÌ­GTWPIGP \GKIGP FCUU CWH FGT 8QTFGTUGKVG PKEJV GKP   FGWVKIGKPGYGKDNKEJG2GTUQP DVKUUKP \WGTMGPPGPKUVUQPFGTPGDGPUQIWVFGTJN/QTKV\CDIGDKNFGVUGKPMÌPPVG

&CPPGPDGTI &KG &GPCTG FGT 0CEJDCTP $TCPFGPDWTIU 5   / /GJN XGTOWVGV GKPG 2T·IWPI FKGUGT $WEJ   UVCDGPRHGPPKIGPKEJVKP/CIFGDWTIUGNDUVUQPFGTPXKGNNGKEJVKPFGT/ÒP\UV·VVG.GDWU /GJN/CIFGDWTI5 



*&&CPPGPDGTIMQPPVGPCEJYGKUGPFCUUGUUKEJDGKFGOCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVGFKGUGU&GPCTUCDIGDKNFGVGP$WEJUVC DGP OKV ITQ­GT 9CJTUEJGKPNKEJMGKV PKEJV WO GKP 3 YKG HTÒJGT HÒT 3WGFNKPDWTI CPIGPQOOGP UQPFGTP WO GKP   IQVKUEJGU&JCPFGNVYKGGUKO/KVVGNCNVGTWPFKPFGT(TÒJGP0GW\GKVÒDNKEJYCT+PUQHGTPTGKJVUKEJFKGUGT6[RKP FKG/CIFGDWTIGT$WEJUVCDGPRT·IWPIGP#DKU(GKPWPFFGT*GKNKIGCWHFGT8QTFGTUGKVGKUVYQJN/QTKV\WPFPKEJV 5GTXCVKWU XIN &CPPGPDGTI &KG &GPCTG FGT 0CEJDCTP $TCPFGPDWTIU 5  /GJN 3WGFNKPDWTI 5  WPF   /GJN/CIFGDWTI5 

2219

2218

2217

#PQP[O*·NHVGFGU,CJTJWPFGTVU 

$TCMVGCV  I 'T\DKUEJQH UKV\V X X \WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP4KPIOKV5RKV\GFCTÒDGT/GJN FKGU 'ZGORNCT  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV5GJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCVI&GTJGKNKIG/QTKV\UVGJVXXOKV5EJYGTVWPF.CP\G/GJN5NI*CWUYCNFV -QTTQUKQPUURWTGPUGJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCV  I &GT JGKNKIG /QTKV\ UVGJV X X OKV .CP\G WPF (CJPG FKG CWH GKPGP MNGKPGP #DUCV\   IGUVÒV\VUKPF\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKPG-WIGN$GTIGT/GJNF5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV 5GJTUEJÌP



8IN FGP -QOOGPVCT DGK /GJN /CIFGDWTI 5  &GT XQTNKGIGPFG $TCMVGCV KUV UKEJGT GKPG 0CEJCJOWPI FGU   /QTKV\RHGPPKIU -CV0T  &GT JN /QTKV\ \YKUEJGP \YGK $WEMGNUEJKNFGP CWH FGPGP UKEJ NKPMU GKP 5EJYGTV WPF   TGEJVUGKP-TGW\DGHKPFGV

ex 2220



2221

2222

$TCMVGCV  I &GT JGKNKIG /QTKV\ UVGJV X X OKV .CP\G WPF (CJPG FKG CWH GKPGP MNGKPGP #DUCV\   IGUVÒV\VUKPF$GTIGT/GJNCWPFE5NI$QPJQHH5NI*CWUYCNFV  5VÒEM5EJÌPpUGJTUEJÌPWPFUGJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCVI/#84+%+85&GTJGKNKIG/QTKV\UVGJVXXOKV5EJYGTV5EJKNFWPF(CJPG/GJN 5NI*CWUYCNFV 45GJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCVI&GTJGKNKIG/QTKV\UVGJVXXOKV5EJYGTVWPF2CNO\YGKI/GJN5NI*CWUYCNFV 445EJÌPpUGJTUEJÌP

 183


MAGDEBURG

2223



2225

2224

$TCMVGCV  I &GT JGKNKIG /QTKV\ UKV\V X X OKV GTJQDGPGP *·PFGP CWH /CWGTNGKUVG \YKUEJGP\YGK $ÌIGPOKV6WTO/GJN5NI$QPJQHH 4CPFCDDTWEJUGJTUEJÌP 4WRTGEJV'FNGTXQP3WGTHWTV







4WRTGEJVFGTYQJNGKP5QJP)GDJCTFU+8QFGT$WTEJCTFU8XQP3WGTHWTVIGYGUGPKUVMCPPUGKVFGO CNU/CIFGDWTIGT&QOJGTTUEJTKHVNKEJDG\GWIVYGTFGPYKTFGT&QOUEJQNCUVGTWPF &QOFGEJCPV CNU 0CEJHQNIGT FGU \WO 'T\DKUEJQH IGY·JNVGP 4WFQNH XQP &KPIGNUVGFV   0CEJ   FGUUGP 6QF \WO 0CEJHQNIGT IGY·JNV GTJKGNV GT $GUV·VKIWPI WPF 2CNNKWO KO 1MVQDGT0QXGODGT    FWTEJ2CRUV#NGZCPFGT+8  UEJNQUUGTGKPGP8GTVTCIOKVFGT5VCFV*CNNGKPFGO FKGUGT YGKVIGJGPFG (TGKJGKVGP IGIGP <CJNWPI GKPGT DGVT·EJVNKEJGP )GNFUWOOG IGY·JTV YWTFGP &KGUG   OCIPC EJCTVC *CNGPUKU DGUVKOOVGFCU8GTJ·NVPKU*CNNGU\WO/CIFGDWTIGT'T\DKUVWOHÒTFKGP·EJUVGP \YGK,CJTJWPFGTVG4WRTGEJVUVCTDCOWPFYWTFGKOUÒFNKEJGP-TGW\CTOFGU/CIFGDWTIGT &QOUDGUVCVVGV 

$TCMVGCVI'T\DKUEJQHUVGJVXXOKV\YGK&QRRGNMTGW\UV·DGP/GJN5NI$QPJQHH  44(CUVUGJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCVI412'46+'T\DKUEJQHUVGJVXXOKV\YGK(CJPGP/GJN



2226

45GJTUEJÌP

2227



$TCMVGCV  I 'T\DKUEJQH UVGJV X X OKV -GNEJ WPF CWHIGUEJNCIGPGO $WEJ \W FGP 5GKVGP LG GKP   -TGW\SWCFTCV/GJN 4#VVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT





$TCMVGCV  I $TWUVDKNF FGU 'T\DKUEJQHU X X WPVGT &QRRGNDQIGP OKV FTGK 6ÒTOGP /GJN    5NI*CWUYCNFV 8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV(CUVUGJTUEJÌP



2228

-QPTCFXQP5VGTPDGTI





5GKV  CNU &QOJGTT DGNGIV GPVUVCOOVG -QPTCF GKPGT YGUVH·NKUEJGP #FGNUHCOKNKG XGTOWVNKEJ GKPGT   0GDGPNKPKGFGT)TCHGPXQP5EJYCNGPDGTI*ÌEJUVYCJTUEJGKPNKEJYCT-QPTCFOC­IGDNKEJCO8GTVTCIFGT 5VCFV*CNNGOKVFGO'T\DKUVWO/CIFGDWTIXQPDGVGKNKIV0CEJ4WRTGEJVU6QFYWTFG-QPTCFCO \WO'T\DKUEJQHIGY·JNVWPFMQPUGMTKGTV5GKPG#OVUPCEJHQNIGUVKG­LGFQEJCWHFGP9KFGT UVCPFGKPGTCUMCPKGTHTGWPFNKEJGP2CTVGKKPPGTJCNDFGU&QOMCRKVGNU+PFGT(QNIG\GKVMCOGU\WUEJYGTGP #WUGKPCPFGTUGV\WPIGPWCOKVFGOUR·VGTGP'T\DKUEJQH'TKEJXQP$TCPFGPDWTI  FGTQHHGP UKEJVNKEJ IGIGP FGP 9KNNGP -QPTCFU IGYCNVUCO KP FCU &QOMCRKVGN GKPIGHÒJTV YWTFG -QPTCF VTKGD FGP   .CPFGUCWUDCWKOÌUVNKEJFGT1FGTWPFUÒFNKEJFGT9CTVJGIGNGIGPGP.CPF.GDWUXQTCPWPFPCJO RGTUÌPNKEJ CO \YGKVGP -QP\KN XQP .[QP VGKN 'T UVCTD CO  WPF KUV KO /CIFGDWTIGT &QO   DGUVCVVGVYQTFGP 

184

&GPCT .GDWU  I $TWUVDKNF FGU 'T\DKUEJQHU X X OKV -TWOO WPF -TGW\UVCD \W FGP 5GKVGP   WPF WPVGP LG GKPG -WIGN%1  04  #&  +  &QRRGNHCFGPMTGW\ KP FGP 9KPMGNP LG GKPG -WIGN   &CPPGPDGTI/C+/GJN5NI$QPJQHH 448QT\ÒINKEJ




MAGDEBURG

2229

2230

'TKEJ/CTMITCHXQP$TCPFGPDWTI





'TKEJ YWTFG WO  CNU LÒPIUVGT 5QJP FGU /CTMITCHGP ,QJCPP+CWUFGT5VGPFCNGT.KPKGFGTCUMCPK UEJGP(COKNKGIGDQTGP7OYWTFGGTIGIGPFGP9KNNGPFGUCOVKGTGPFGP'T\DKUEJQHU-QPTCFXQP 5VGTPDGTI  XQPGKPGTCUMCPKGTHTGWPFNKEJGP2CTVGKIGYCNVUCOKPFGP$GUKV\GKPGT&QOJGTTGP UVGNNG IGDTCEJV 0CEJ -QPTCFU 6QF UEJNWIGP FKG $GOÒJWPIGP 'TKEJ \W FGUUGP 0CEJHQNIGT \W Y·JNGP   \WP·EJUVHGJNWPFGUMCO\WMTKGIGTKUEJGP#WUGKPCPFGTUGV\WPIGP\YKUEJGP$TCPFGPDWTIWPF/CIFGDWTI \YKUEJGPWPF#WH$KVVGPXQP-CRKVGN-NGTWUWPF8QNMXQP/CIFGDWTIXGTNKGJ2CRUV/CTVKP +8   UEJNKG­NKEJ FKG 'T\DKUEJQHYÒTFG CO  CP 'TKEJ 'UIGNCPIKJOPKEJV\WNGV\V FWTEJ FKG ªDGTVTCIWPI YGKVTGKEJGPFGT 2TKXKNGIKGP NCPIHTKUVKI GKPGP #WUINGKEJ \YKUEJGP 5VCFV WPF   'T\DKUVWOJGTDGK\WHÒJTGP'TKEJXGTUVCTDOÌINKEJGTYGKUGCWHFGT$WTI)TCDQYKO,GTKEJQYGT.CPFCO  

&GPCT .GDWU  I &GT JGKNKIG /QTKV\ UVGJV X X OKV .CP\G WPF 5EJKNF)QVKUEJGT $WEJUVCDG #   &CPPGPDGTI /C  /GJN  FKGU 'ZGORNCT  6JQTOCPP  FQTV WPVGT #PJCNV 1VVQ p   /ÒP\UV·VVG#UEJGTUNGDGP  'VYCUFG\GPVTKGTVUGJTUEJÌP



*&&CPPGPDGTIGTMN·TVFGP$WEJUVCDGP#CNUFGP#PHCPIGKPGT4GKJGXQP/ÒP\V[RGPFGTGPGKP\GNPG'OKUUKQPGP FWTEJ$WEJUVCDGPIGMGPP\GKEJPGVYQTFGPUKPF



&GPCT.GDWUI6QTVWTO)QVKUEJGT$WEJUVCDG'&CPPGPDGTI/C++/GJN

 (CUVUGJTUEJÌP



2231

*GKPTKEJ(ÒTUVXQP#PJCNV





*GKPTKEJYCTFGT\YGKVG5QJPFGU(ÒTUVGP*GKPTKEJ++XQP#PJCNV#UEJGTUNGDGPWPFHÒJTVGPCEJFGUUGP 6QFIGOGKPUCOOKVUGKPGO·NVGTGP$TWFGT1VVQFKG4GIKGTWPIUIGUEJ·HVGDGUEJNQUUGTLGFQEJ KPFGPIGKUVNKEJGP5VCPF\WYGEJUGNPWPFYWTFG&QOJGTTXQP/CIFGDWTI#OYWTFGGT \WO 0CEJHQNIGT $WTEJCTFU XQP $NCPMGPDWTI   IGY·JNV WPF GTJKGNV XQP 2CRUV %NGOGPU 8  

  KP .[QP $GUV·VKIWPI WPF 2CNNKWO 'DGPLGPGT2CRUVXGTNGIVGFKGR·RUVNKEJG4GUKFGP\ XQP4QOPCEJ#XKIPQP*GKPTKEJUVCTDCOKP5EJÌPGDGEMFCUUGTMWT\\WXQTXQPFGP)TCHGP XQP$CTD[GTQDGTVJCVVG5GKPG)TCDUV·VVGKUVWPDGMCPPV 

&GPCT  I &GT JGKNKIG /QTKV\ UVGJV X X OKV \YGK -TGW\HCJPGP#PJCNVKUEJGT 9CRRGPUEJKNF   &CPPGPDGTI/C/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT 6JQTOCPP FQTVWPVGT#PJCNV  5GJTUEJÌP

2233

2232



2234

#PQP[O 

$TCMVGCV  I $TWUVDKNF FGU 'T\DKUEJQHU X X \W FGP 5GKVGP -TGW\UVCD WPF HÒPHUVTCJNKIGT 5VGTP   /GJN 5GJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCVI-PKGDKNFFGU'T\DKUEJQHUKP/QPFUKEJGN/GJN

5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





$TCMVGCVI$TWUVDKNFFGU'T\DKUEJQHUXXOKV-TGW\WPF-TWOOUVCDÒDGT#/GJN  45GJTUEJÌP

 185


MAGDEBURG

2235



2236

2237

1DQNI$TWUVDKNFFGU'T\DKUEJQHUXXOKV-TGW\WPF-TWOOUVCDÒDGT#/GJN  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV8QT\ÒINKEJ



#PQP[O 

$TCMVGCVI'T\DKUEJQHUKV\VXX\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP-GNEJ/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT   8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ





$TCMVGCVI'T\DKUEJQHUVGJVXXOKV-TGW\UVCDWPF-GNEJ/GJN  4(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT



2238

2240

2239



1DQN  I 'T\DKUEJQH UVGJV X X \YKUEJGP \YGK 6ÒTOGP OKV 5RKV\F·EJGTP /GJN  FKGU 'ZGO   RNCT  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV5GJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCV  I 'T\DKUEJQH UVGJV X X OKV -GNEJ WPF $WEJ \W FGP 5GKVGP LG GKPG -WIGN /GJN    5NI*CWUYCNFV 445EJTÌVNKPIUTK­UGJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCVI2GTUQPUVGJVXXOKV-TGW\WPF.KNKGPUVCD/GJN



2241

45GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

2242



$TCMVGCVI2GTUQPUVGJVXX\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKPG.CP\GCWH$QIGP/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT  49KP\5EJTÌVNKPIUTKUUGXQT\ÒINKEJ





$TCMVGCVI2GTUQPUVGJVXXOKVCWUIGDTGKVGVGP#TOGP\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP*CNDOQPF/GJN

FKGU'ZGORNCT  4-N4CPFCWUDTWEJUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



2243

2244

2245

#NDTGEJV+++XQP3WGTHWTVWPF)ÒPVJGT++XQP5EJYCT\DWTI 

*QJNRHGPPKI  I &GT JGKNKIG /QTKV\ UVGJV X X OKV 5EJKNF WPF -TGW\HCJPG 5NI $QPJQHH    5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI.ÌDDGEMGX5EJT 4-N5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­XQT\ÒINKEJ





*QJNRHGPPKI  I &GT JGKNKIG /QTKV\ UVGJV X X OKV 5EJKNF WPF -TGW\HCJPG 5NI $QPJQHH    5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI.ÌDDGEMGX5EJT 4(CUVUGJTUEJÌP





*QJNRHGPPKI  I &GT JGKNKIG /QTKV\ UVGJV X X OKV 5EJKNF WPF -TGW\HCJPG 5NI $QPJQHH    5NI*CWUYCNFV5NI.ÌDDGEMGX5EJT 4(CUVUGJTUEJÌP



186


MAINZ

2246

,QJCPP2HCN\ITCHDGK4JGKP





,QJCPP YWTFG WO  CNU 5QJP FGU )TCHGP 5VGHCP XQP 2HCN\5KOOGTP<YGKDTÒEMGP IGDQTGP 0CEJ   5VWFKGP KP 4QO WPF $QNQIPC YWTFG GT  \WO $KUEJQH XQP /ÒPUVGT IGY·JNV 0CEJ FGO 6QF FGU   /CIFGDWTIGT 'T\DKUEJQHU (TKGFTKEJU +++ XQP $GKEJNKPIGP   Y·JNVG KJP FCU &QOMCRKVGN CO    GKPUVKOOKI \W FGUUGP 0CEJHQNIGT 5GKP #OV MQPPVG GT LGFQEJ GTUV  CPVTGVGP FC GT   CWHITWPF XQP 5EJWNFXGTRHNKEJVWPIGP /ÒPUVGT XQTGTUV PKEJV XGTNCUUGP FWTHVG &KG *WNFKIWPI KP *CNNG   GTHQNIVGGTUVCOPCEJFGOGTFGT5VCFV4JGKPKUEJG)WNFGPIG\CJNVWPFFCU8GTJ·NVPKU \WO'T\DKUVWOXGTVTCINKEJIGTGIGNVJCVVG9·JTGPFUGKPGT#OVU\GKVYCT,QJCPPUGJTWOFGPHTKGFNKEJGP #WUINGKEJ \YKUEJGP FGO #FGN WPF FGP CWHDNÒJGPFGP 5V·FVGP KPPGTJCND UGKPGT 6GTTKVQTKGP DGOÒJV 5Q   DGVGKNKIVGGTUKEJCO0ÒTPDGTIGT.CPFHTKGFGPVTCVCNU8GTOKVVNGT\YKUEJGPFGP*CPUGUV·FVGPWPF $TCPFGPDWTI CWH WPF DGM·ORHVG GPGTIKUEJ FCU 4CWDTKVVGTVWO 'T UVCTD CO  KP /CIFGDWTI   PCEJFGOGTFCU)GDKGVFGU'T\DKUVWOUWCWO5CPFGTUNGDGP9CTOUFQTHWPF$GTPDWTIGTYGKVGTVJCVVG 

5RKV\ITQUEJGPQ,I9CRRGP5VKHVUYCRRGPKP&TGKRC­5NI*CWUYCNFVX5EJT  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV/KP(WPFDGNCIUGJTUEJÌP



'ZGORNCTFGT#WMVKQP(TKV\4WFQNH-ÒPMGT1UPCDTÒEM0T

2247



*QJNRHGPPKII4CWVGPUEJKNFFCTÒDGT$WEJUVCDG+CWHFGO4CPFGKP-TGW\X5EJTE  45GJTUEJÌP



2248

/#+0< 4'+%*5/ª0<5666' 

1VVQ ++  &GPCT  I = ?1661 Û +/=2 #8%? -TGW\ KP FGP 9KPMGNP LG GKPG -WIGN   =/1?%10%0+%+%-KTEJGPHTQPVFCTKP-TGW\&CPPGPDGTIXCT 45GJTUEJÌP



2249



*GKPTKEJ+++&GPCTI *'+04+%85)GMTÌPVGT-QRHXX\WFGP5GKVGPLGFTGK 4KPIG84$5 /1)80%+# -KTEJGPIGD·WFG KO 2QTVCN %JTKUVQITCOO &CPPGPDGTI  -NWIG    445EJTÌVNKPIUTK­UGJTUEJÌP

 187


MERSEBURG

2250



*GKPTKEJ +++  OKV 'T\DKUEJQH .WRQNF XQP $QIGP  &GPCT  I   *='+04+?%*85 +/2 )GMTÌPVGT -QRH FGU -CKUGTU X X= .+8$1?.& #4%*+'25 8QP \YGK 6ÒT   OGPHNCPMKGTVG-KTEJGPHTQPVOKV2QTVCN&CPPGPDGTI-NWIG5NI9CNVJGT  2T·IGUEJY·EJGCO4CPFUQPUVUGJTUEJÌP

2252

2251

/#4-&14(

(4'+*'44'0 



#PQP[O  $TCMVGCV   I 5GEJUDN·VVTKIG 4QUGVVG FCTÒDGT 2WPMV $GTIGT p   -NGKP7NOGT %% 5NI$QPJQHHp5NI(TKGFGPUDWTIp -N5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTCO4CPFXQT\ÒINKEJ



/'%-.'0$74) /'%-.'0$74)(ª456'067/5'+6*'4<1)67/ 

,QJCPP +  $TCMVGCV  I 5VKGTMQRH X X KP 4JQODWU KP FGP 9KPMGNP LG GKPG -WIGN   $GTIGT1GTV\GP5NI$QPJQHH5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV 45GJTUEJÌP



2253

$+567/ 

/'45'$74)

#PQP[O WO  $TCMVGCV  I $KUEJQH UKV\V X X OKV -TWOOUVCD WPF 2CNO\YGKI CWH GKPGO   (CNVUVWJNFGTOKV6KGTMÌRHGPXGT\KGTVKUVWPVGT#TEJKVGMVWTTCJOGP(FXQP5GGIC  44(CUVUGJTUEJÌP &KG<WYGKUWPIFGUXQTNKGIGPFGP'ZGORNCTUKUVPKEJV\YGKHGNUHTGKIGUKEJGTV*$WEJGPCWQTFPGVFKG)GRT·IGFKGUGU 6[RU KP UGKPGT $GUEJTGKDWPI FGU $TCEVGCVGPHWPFGU XQP 5GGIC WPVGT 0QTFQUVVJÒTKPIKUEJGU )GRT·IG OGTUGDWTIK   UEJGP%JCTCMVGTU 5R GKP

188




MINDEN

2254

/+0&'0

$+567/

&CU$KUVWO/KPFGPGPVUVCPFKO<WIGFGTU·EJUKUEJGP/KUUKQP\YKUEJGP1DGTYGUGTWPF.GKPG*KGTHÒT YWTFGFGT/ÌPEJ'TMCPDGTVCWU(WNFC\WO$KUEJQHGTPCPPV<GPVTWOHÒTFKG/KUUKQPYCT\WP·EJUV FCU 4QOCPWUMNQUVGT KP *COGNP  YWTFG FGT 5KV\ FGU $KUVWOU LGFQEJ PCEJ /KPFGP XGTNGIV WPF   UQOKVFGO'T\DKUVWO-ÌNPWPVGTUVGNNV+OWPF,CJTJWPFGTVYWEJUFGT'KPHNWUUFGU$KUVWOUFWTEJ FKG (ÌTFGTWPI U·EJUKUEJGT #FGNKIGT &WTEJ $G\KGJWPIGP FGT $KUEJÌHG \WO QVVQPKUEJGP *GTTUEJGTJCWU   YWTFGFGT/KPFGPGT-KTEJG+OOWPKV·VWPFFGO$KUEJQHUUKV\\CJNTGKEJG-ÌPKIUTGEJVG\WIGUVCP FGP  YWTFGP FCU /CTVKPUVKHV WPF FCU 5MTKRVQTKWO GTTKEJVGV 0CEJ FGO $TCPF FGU &QOU WPF FGT   5VCFV  DGHCPF UKEJ FCU $KUVWO KO 0KGFGTICPI 5Q MQPPVGP CD  FKG $KNNWPIGT *GT\ÌIG FKG   5VKHVUXQIVGKKPKJTG*·PFGDTKPIGP/KPFGPJCVVGUEJNKG­NKEJKO,CJTJWPFGTVPWTPQEJNCPFGUJGTTNKEJG 4GEJVGÒDGTGKP)GDKGVYGUVNKEJFGT9GUGT&KG$KUEJÌHGTGCIKGTVGPXKGN\WUR·VOKVGKPGTMQPUGSWGPVGP $WTIGPWPF5V·FVGRQNKVKM7OXGTNQTGPUKGUEJNKG­NKEJKJTGP5KV\KP/KPFGPWPFOWUUVGPCD CWHFKG$WTI2GVGTUJCIGPCWUYGKEJGP&CUKP\YKUEJGPJQEJXGTUEJWNFGVG$KUVWOMQPPVGKO5R·VOKVVGNCN VGTPWTPQEJFWTEJ$ÒPFPKUUGOKVXGTUEJKGFGPGP.CPFGUJGTTGPHQTVDGUVGJGPDGXQTGUCDFKG6GTTK VQTKGPFGTCWUIGUVQTDGPGP*GTTGPXQO$GTIGÒDGTPCJO 

5KIDGTV&GPCTI5+)+2685'25-TGW\KPFGP9KPMGNPLGGKPG-WIGN/+0&# %+8&CPPGPDGTIp-NWIG5VCPIG  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV#VVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCTOKVMN2T·IGUEJY·EJGCO4CPF



'5VCPIGYKGUCWHFKGDGOGTMGPUYGTVG0COGPUHQTOFGU$KUEJQHU=JKP?FGTKPFGPINGKEJ\GKVKIGP7TMWPFGPOGKUV 5KIGDGTVFQEJCWEJ5KIKDGTV5KIGDTCJF5KDGTJVIGPCPPVYKTF 5 WPFICDFKG7OUEJTKHVOKV5+)+4685'25 CP#WHFGOXQTNKGIGPFGP'ZGORNCTN·UUVUKEJLGFQEJGTMGPPGPFCUUFGTHÒPHVG$WEJUVCDGFGU$KUEJQHUPCOGPUMGKP 4 UQPFGTP GKP %JTKUVQITCOO 2 OKV -TGW\DCNMGP  KUV IGPCW YKG FCU 2 KP FGT 6KVWNCVWT '25 +PUQHGTP NCWVGV FGT   0COGFGU$KUEJQHUCWHFGT/ÒP\GFWTEJCWUMQTTGMV5+)+2='4?685 XIN(ÌTUVGOCPP'#NVFGWVUEJGU0COGPDWEJ  $CPF 2GTUQPGPPCOGP 0QTFJCWUGP  5R  )TWPFGNGOGPV 5+)  $ -NWIG YKGU  FCTCWH JKP FCUU   WPVGTFGPKOYGUGPVNKEJGPKP0CEJCJOWPIGPXGTJCTTGPFGPYGUVH·NKUEJGP/ÒP\UV·VVGP=?PWT/KPFGPGKPGIGYKUUG =?'KIGPUV·PFKIMGKVKO/ÒP\DKNFGPVYKEMGNVJCV &GWVUEJG/ÒP\IGUEJKEJVG5 

2255



2256

1VVQ +++ XQO $GTIG  2HGPPKI /KPFGP  I *ÒHVDKNF FGU JGKNKIGP 2GVTWU X X OKV   -TGW\UVCD WPF 5EJNÒUUGN&KG URKV\QXCNGP 9CRRGPUEJKNFG XQP /KPFGP WPF XQO $GTIG PGDGPGKPCPFGT   QDGPWPFWPVGPKPFGP9KPMGNPLGGKPG4QUGVVG5NI$QPJQHH5VCPIG  5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­HCUVUGJTUEJÌP



&GT5EJTÌVNKPIKUVYKGÒDNKEJ\WMPCRRHÒTFGP5VGORGN#WUFGO8GTINGKEJXGTUEJKGFGPGT'ZGORNCTGNCUUGPUKEJFKG 7OUEJTKHVGP 16610+5 '2+5%12+ '%%.'5+' CWH FGT 8QTFGT WPF /10'6# /+0&'05+5 %+8+6#6+5 CWH FGT   4ÒEMUGKVGTGMQPUVTWKGTGP



2HGPPKI 2GVGTUJCIGP  I $KUEJQH X X OKV /KVTC GTJQDGPGT 4GEJVGP WPF $WEJ CWH FGT $TWUV   5EJKNFOKVFGODGTIKUEJGP9CRRGP)GMTGW\VG5EJNÒUUGNKP8KGTRC­5VCPIG 445EJÌPpUGJTUEJÌP



&GT5EJTÌVNKPIKUVYKGÒDNKEJ\WMPCRRHÒTFGP5VGORGN#WUFGO8GTINGKEJXGTUEJKGFGPGT'ZGORNCTGNCUUGPUKEJFKG 7OUEJTKHVGP16610+5'2+5%1285CWHFGT8QTFGTWPF/10'6#+02'6'45*#)'0CWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVGTGMQP UVTWKGTGP

2258 2257



9WNDTCPFXQP*CNNGTOWPF*QJNRHGPPKIImKP5VTCJNGPMTCP\5VCPIG  445GJTUEJÌP



*GKPTKEJ+++XQP5EJCWGPDWTI2HGPPKI NGKEJVGT2HGPPKI Q,I)GMTGW\VG5EJNÒU UGNKP&TGKRC­5EJKNFOKV0GUUGNDNCVV5VCPIG 444CPFCDDTWEJUEJÌPpUGJTUEJÌP

  189


MÜHLHAUSEN IN THÜRINGEN

2259

)4#(5%*#(6 

/1'45

(TKGFTKEJ+++9GK­RHGPPKIQ,(CNMGPDGTII0QUU  2T·IGUEJY·EJGUQPUVCVVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT

2260



2261

/ª*.*#75'0+06*ª4+0)'0 56#&6 &CUVJÒTKPIKUEJG/ÒJNJCWUGPYWTFGKO,CJTCNUHT·PMKUEJG5KGFNWPIIGITÒPFGVUKPFGKPG$WTI WPFGKP-ÌPKIUJQH/WNKPJWUQPWTMWPFNKEJDG\GWIV$KU\W$GIKPPFGU,CJTJWPFGTVUJKGNVGPUKEJCNNG FGWVUEJGP-ÌPKIGYGPKIUVGPUGKPOCNY·JTGPFKJTGT4GIKGTWPIU\GKVFQTVCWHYGUJCNDFKG5VCFVCWEJCNU EKXKVCU KORGTCVQTKU DG\GKEJPGV YWTFG &KG 5VCFVUGNDUVGPVUVCPF\W$GIKPPFGU,CJTJWPFGTVUWOFKG $NCUKWUMKTEJGJGTWOCO-TGW\WPIURWPMV\YGKGT(GTPUVTC­GP+O,CJTJWPFGTVYWTFGPOGJTGTG-NÌ UVGTXGTUEJKGFGPGT1TFGP WCFGT(TCP\KUMCPGTWPF&QOKPKMCPGT IGITÒPFGVYWTFGFKG4GKEJU DWTI XQP CWHIGDTCEJVGP $ÒTIGTP GTUVÒTOV WPF \GTUVÌTV #D  DGUC­ FKG 5VCFV GKPGP 4CV WPF GKPGP   $ÒTIGTOGKUVGT<ÒPHVGUKPFUGKVDG\GWIVYWTFG/ÒJNJCWUGPFWTEJ-CTN+8  \WT HTGKGP4GKEJUUVCFV 

*QJNRHGPPKIQ, ,CJTJWPFGTV I/ÒJNGKUGPOKV#FNGTHNÒIGNP2QUGTP-NGVVp5NI$QPJQHH *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP





*QJNRHGPPKIQ, ,CJTJWPFGTV I /1.J8)GMTÌPVGT#FNGTÒDGT/ÒJNGKUGP\YKUEJGP\YGK -WIGNP2QUGTP-NGVV 5GJTUEJÌP



'ZGORNCTFGT#WMVKQP(TKV\4WFQNH-ÒPMGT1UPCDTÒEM0T

2262

2263



'KPUGKVKIGT2HGPPKIQ, ,CJTJWPFGTV I9CRRGPQDGP/WPF\WFGP5GKVGPWPFWPVGPLGGKP 4KPI2QUGTP-NGVV 5GJTUEJÌP





*QJNRHGPPKIQ, ,CJTJWPFGTV I9CRRGPQDGPQ/QWPF\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP4KPI2QUGTP -NGVV (CUVUGJTUEJÌP



190


MÜNSTER

2264

$+567/

/ª056'4

YWTFGFGT/KUUKQPCT.KWFIGT\WO$KUEJQHUGKPGT/KUUKQPU\GPVTGPFGOT·WONKEJIGVTGPPVGP(TKGU NCPF WPF /ÒPUVGTNCPF IGYGKJV $KUEJQHUUKV\ FGU KPPGTJCND FGU -ÌNPGT /GVTQRQNKVCPDGUKV\GU IGNGIGPGP   $KUVWOU YWTFG FCU YGUVH·NKUEJG /ÒPUVGT /KOKIGTPCHQTF  +P FGT (QNIG\GKV URKGNVGP FKG /ÒPUVGTCPGT   $KUEJÌHG WPVGT 1VVQPGP 5CNKGTP WPF 5VCWHGTP GKPG YKEJVKIG 4QNNG KP FGT 4GKEJURQNKVKM $KUEJQH &QFQ  

 GPVUVCOOVGFGT*QHMCRGNNG-CKUGT1VVQU+ōFGU)TQ­GPŋ  *GTOCPP+   GORHKPI  FGP 5CNKGT *GKPTKEJ +++   KP FGT 5VCFV WPF $KUEJQH *GTOCPP ++     WPVGTUVÒV\VGFKG5VCWHGTMCKUGT(TKGFTKEJ+ō$CTDCTQUUCŋ  WPF*GKPTKEJ8+  &C GKP)TQ­VGKNFGT$KUEJÌHGFGU,CJTJWPFGTVUFGO\YKUEJGP4JGKPWPF9GUGTIGNGIGPGP#FGNUJ·W UGTPGPVUVCOOVGMQPPVGPCWEJ)GDKGVUGTYGKVGTWPIGPWPF.CPFGUCWUDCWKPFKGUGO<GKVTCWOGTHQNITGKEJ XQTCPIGVTKGDGPYGTFGP 

,CJTJWPFGTV2HGPPKICDEC/ÒPUVGTI =/+/+)?#4&'+14&)GD·WFGOKVTWPFGO 6QT FCTÒDGT GKP JQJGT /KVVGNVWTO \YKUEJGP \YGK MNGKPGTGP -WRRGNVÒTOGP 1&&1  8+++& -TGW\   KPFGP9KPMGNPLGGKPG-WIGN+NKUEJ+++ *GTTNKEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ



2265



 ,CJTJWPFGTV 2HGPPKI EC  /ÒPUVGT  I )GD·WFG OKV GEMKIGO 6QT FCTÒDGT GKP   ITQ­GT /KVVGNVWTO \YKUEJGP \YGK MNGKPGTGP -WRRGNVÒTOGP-TGW\ KP FGP 9KPMGNP -WIGN  -WIGN    -WIGNMTGW\-WIGNMTGW\+NKUEJ8 4&WPMNG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP



2266



.WFQNH XQP *QNVG  2HGPPKI  I $KUEJQH OKV -TWOOUVCD WPF $WEJ X X<YKNNKPIUHC   FGPMTGW\OKV-TGW\EJGPKPFGP9KPMGNP+NKUEJ+: -N2T·IGUEJY·EJGUGJTUEJÌP

56#&6 



2267

&QRRGNITQUEJGP Q , XQP 7VTGEJV (TKGFTKEJ XQP $NCPMGPJGKO  /ÒP\UV·VVG &GXGPVGT OKV   )GIGPUVGORGNXQP/ÒPUVGTCWHFGT8QTFGTUGKVG2CWNWUMQRHI-TWU[/  5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­/ÒP\GWPF)GIGPUVGORGNHCUVUGJTUEJÌP

 191


NORDHAUSEN

2268

0#7/$74)

$+567/ 

#PQP[O  ,CJTJWPFGTV &GPCT 5CEJUGPRHGPPKI   I $CNMGPMTGW\ KP FGP 9KPMGNP \YGKOCN   -WIGNWPF\YGKOCN4KPIGN-GKNMTGW\KPGKPGO9KPMGNGKP-GKN-KNIGT5CN&XCT 5GJTUEJÌP

2270

2269



2271



&GPCT 5CEJUGPRHGPPKI I$CNMGPMTGW\KPFGP9KPMGNP-WIGNWPF4KPIGN-GKNMTGW\-KNIGT5CN & (CUVUGJTUEJÌP





&GPCT 5CEJUGPRHGPPKI   I $CNMGPMTGW\ KP FGP 9KPMGNP \YGKOCN -WIGN WPF \YGKOCN 4KPIGN   -GKNMTGW\KPGKPGO9KPMGNGKP4KPIGN-KNIGT5CN& !  5GJTUEJÌP





&GPCT 5CEJUGPRHGPPKI   I $CNMGPMTGW\ KP FGP 9KPMGNP \YGKOCN -WIGN WPF \YGKOCN 4KPIGN   -GKNMTGW\-KNIGT5CN& 5GJTUEJÌP



2272



'PIGNJCTFV ++ XQP /GKUUGP  $TCMVGCV  I $KUEJQH UKV\V X X OKV -TWOOUVCD WPF   -TGW\UVCDCWH$QIGP$GTIGTXIN(FXQP'V\QNFUJCKP2QUGTP-NGVVXIN5NI$QPJQHHp 4(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



2273

56#&6

014&*#75'0

$GTGKVU FKG (TCPMGP GTTKEJVGP CO -TGW\WPIURWPMV CNVGT (GTPUVTC­GP CO 5ÒFTCPF FGU *CT\GU GKPGP   -ÌPKIUJQH*GKPTKEJ+  NKG­GKPG$WTICPNCIGGTTKEJVGPKPFGTUGKPG9KVYG/CVJKNFGGKP &COGPUVKHVITÒPFGVGFCUYKGFGTWOKPGKP#WIWUVKPGT%JQTJGTTGPUVKHVWOIGYCPFGNVYWTFG(ÒTFCU ,CJT  GZKUVKGTV GKPG 7TMWPFG /)*&1++0T FGTGP'EJVJGKVCNNGTFKPIUWOUVTKVVGPKUVKPFGT FGO-NQUVGT0QTFJCWUGPFCU<QNNWPF/CTVMTGEJVCO1TVXGTNKGJGPYKTF#WUGKPGTKO,CJTJWPFGTV GPVUVCPFGPGP-CWHOCPPUUKGFNWPIGPVYKEMGNVGUKEJFKGGKIGPVNKEJG5VCFVFGTYCJTUEJGKPNKEJKO,CJT JWPFGTVFKG4GKEJUWPOKVVGNDCTMGKVXGTNKGJGPYWTFG<YKUEJGPWPFUKPF\CJNTGKEJG#WHGPVJCNVG FGWVUEJGT-CKUGTWPF-ÌPKIGKPFGT5VCFVDGNGIV-WTUCEJUGPDKNFGVGKO5R·VOKVVGNCNVGTFKG5EJWV\OCEJV ÒDGT0QTFJCWUGPFCUUKEJKPGKPGO$ÒTIGTCWHUVCPFFGT*GTTUEJCHVFGT2CVTK\KGTGPVNGFKIVG 

192

5EJYGTVITQUEJGP Q , FGU U·EJUKUEJGP -WTHÒTUVGP (TKGFTKEJ ++  OKV )GIGPUVGORGN XQP   0QTFJCWUGPCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG*CNDGT#FNGTPCEJNI-TWU[0  /ÒP\GUGJTUEJÌP)GIGPUVGORGNUGJTUEJÌP




OSNABRÜCK

2274

2276

2275



*QJNRHGPPKIQ, ,CJTJWPFGTV I 0146J)GMTÌPVGT#FNGTFGP-QRHPCEJNIGYCPFV 2QUGTP-NGVVXCT #VVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT





*QJNRHGPPKI Q ,  ,CJTJWPFGTV   I 0146 #FNGT FGP -QRH PCEJ T IGYCPFV 2QUGTP   -NGVV (CUVUGJTUEJÌP





*QJNRHGPPKIQ, ,CJTJWPFGTV Iñ014#FNGTFGP-QRHPCEJNIGYCPFV2QUGTP-NGVV (CUVUGJTUEJÌP



2277

2279

2278



*QJNRHGPPKIQ, ,CJTJWPFGTV I0146-TQPGÒDGT\YGKPCEJCW­GPIGYCPFVGP#FNGT MÌRHGP2QUGTP-NGVV (GKPG6ÌPWPIUGJTUEJÌP





*QJNRHGPPKI Q ,  ,CJTJWPFGTV   I 0146J #FNGT FGP -QRH PCEJ T IGYCPFV \W FGP   5GKVGPLGGKPG-WIGN2QUGTP-NGVVp 5GJTUEJÌP





*QJNRHGPPKIQ, ,CJTJWPFGTV I0146)GMTÌPVGT-QRHXX2QUGTP-NGVV  5GJTUEJÌP



2280

56#&6 

1.&'5.1'

9KVVGP PCEJ FGO 4G\G­ XQP  $GHW­VGU -TGW\ KP FGT /KVVG 4WPFWPI OKV 0GUUGNDNCVV$TWUVDKNF   GKPGU*GKNKIGPKPFGTTGEJVGP*CPFGKP0GUUGNDNCVVI,GUUG 445GJTUEJÌP 

2281

$+567/ 

150#$4ª%-

$CNFGYKP XQP 4WUUGN  2HGPPKI 9KGFGPDTÒEM  I $1.&='9+0?85 $KUEJQH OKV   /KVTC -TWOOUVCD WPF -TGW\ UKV\V X X CWH GKPGO (CNVUVWJN FGT OKV 6KGTMÌRHGP XGT\KGTV KUV   9+&'=0$48)'?%+8+65VGJGPFGUUGEJUURGKEJKIGU4CF-GPPGRQJN  'VYCUWPTGIGNO·­KIGT5EJTÌVNKPIUQPUVIWVCWUIGRT·IVGU'ZGORNCTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

 193


PADERBORN

2282

$+567/

2#&'4$140

$GTGKVUKO,CJTJWPFGTVYCT2CFGTDQTP 2CVTKUDTWPPC GKP<GPVTWOFGTMCTQNKPIKUEJGP5CEJUGPOKU UKQP  GORHKPI -CTN FGT )TQ­G   2CRUV .GQ +++   KP 2CFGTDQTP WPF ITÒPFGVG KO   $GKUGKPXQP$KUEJÌHGPFCU$KUVWOGTHQNIVGWPVGT$KUEJQH$CFWTCF  FKG6TCPUNCVKQPFGT )GDGKPG FGU *GKNKIGP .KDQTKWU XQP .G /CPU PCEJ 2CFGTDQTP 'KPGP DGFGWVGPFGP #WHUEJYWPI GTNGDVG   FCU $KUVWO WPVGT UGKPGO $KUEJQH /GKPYGTM   FGT FGP )TWPFDGUKV\ FGWVNKEJ XGTOGJTGP   MQPPVG WPF FKG <CJN FGT 'KIGPMNÌUVGT WPF UVKHVG CWH UGEJU GTJÌJVG *GNOCTUJCWUGP 5EJKNFGUEJG #D   FKPIJQH WPF$WUFQTH +PFGPHQNIGPFGP,CJT\GJPVGPDGHCPFUKEJFCU$KUVWOYKGFGTJQNVKO5RCPPWPIU HGNF \YKUEJGP FGP U·EJUKUEJGP )TQ­GP KO 1UVGP WPF FGO TJGKPKUEJYGUVH·NKUEJGP #FGN KO 9GUVGP   $GUQPFGTU OKV FGO -ÌNPGT 'T\DKUEJQH FGT UGKP 6GTTKVQTKWO CWH -QUVGP 2CFGTDQTPU \W GTYGKVGTP XGT   UWEJVG MCO GU DKU \WO  ,CJTJWPFGTVU \W FGUÌHVGTGP \W #WUGKPCPFGTUGV\WPIGP DUR (GJFG OKV 'DH   5KOQP+  

$GTPJCTF ++ XQP 1GUGFG  2HGPPKI 2CFGTDQTP  I 5%5 .+$1$KUEJQH VJTQPV   XXOKVGKPURKV\KIGT/KVTC-TWOOUVCDWPF$WEJCWHGKPGO(CNVUVWJNFGTOKV6KGTMÌRHGPXGT\KGTVKUV 1621+ +8+(2++0)-TGW\KPFGP9KPMGNPLGGKPG-WIGN9GKPIXCT  44#VVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT



2283



$GTPJCTF +++ XQP 1GUGFG  2HGPPKI 2CFGTDQTP  I 5=%5? .+2  14+85 $KUEJQH   VJTQPV X X OKV \YGKURKV\KIGT /KVTC -TWOOUVCD WPF $WEJ CWH GKPGO (CNVUVWJN FGT OKV 6KGTMÌRHGP   XGT\KGTVKUV $'40*#4&85'2%-TGW\KPFGP9KPMGNP#ÛÛ89GKPI  ªDNKEJG2T·IGUEJY·EJGUGJTUEJÌP



2284



5KOQP+\WT.KRRG2HGPPKIQ,9CTDWTII 5+/10'2+5%$KUEJQHVJTQPVX X OKV \YGKURKV\KIGT /KVTC -TWOOUVCD WPF -TGW\ 9#4$84%* %+8+ .KNKG WPVGT GKPGO &TGKDQ   IGPFCTÒDGTFTGK6ÒTOG9GKPIXCT  4-N2T·IGUEJY·EJGCO4CPFUQPUVIWVNGUDCTGU'ZGORNCTUGJTUEJÌP



2285



194

2HGPPKI Q , *QHIGKUOCT  I 5+/10  '2+5% $KUEJQH VJTQPV X X OKV \YGKURKV\KIGT /KVTC   -TWOOUVCD WPF 4GKEJUCRHGN CWH GKPGO (CNVUVWJN FGT OKV 6KGTMÌRHGP XGT\KGTV KUV )'5/#4+# %+   8+6#5GEJUURGKEJKIGU4CFWPVGTFTGKVÒTOKIGO-KTEJGPID·WFG9GKPIC  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV)WVCWUIGRT·IVGUXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCTOKVJÒDUEJGTFWPMNGT2CVKPC 


POMMERN

2287

2286

2(#.<

2(#.<)4#(5%*#(6 

-QPTCF XQP *QJGPUVCWHGP  'KPUGKVKIGT 2HGPPKI #N\G[  I -TGW\ KP FGP 9KPMGNP   -QRH#OOQPUJQTP.KNKGCEJVUVTCJNKIGT5VGTP5NI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV  44-N2T·IGUEJY·EJGUGJTUEJÌP 'ZGORNCTFGT#WMVKQP7$5)QNF0WOKUOCVKM<ÒTKEJ0T 'ZGORNCTFGT#WMVKQP-WTRH·N\KUEJG/ÒP\JCPFNWPI/CPPJGKO0T







*GKPTKEJ FGT NVGTG  'KPUGKVKIGT 2HGPPKI *GKFGNDGTI  I #FNGT OKV CWUIGDTGKVGVGP   5EJYKPIGPKP\YGK2GTNMTGKUGPDNKEMVT5NI$QPJQHH5NI/GOOGUJ 45GJTUEJÌP



'ZGORNCTFGT#WMVKQP7$5)QNF0WOKUOCVKM<ÒTKEJ0T

2289

2288

21//'40

%#//+0$+567/ 

#PQP[O,CJTJWPFGTV$TCMVGCVI-TWOOUVCD\YKUEJGP\YGK-WIGNP  #VVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCTOKVJÒDUEJGT2CVKPC



&GPCTI$TGKVGUOKVHÒPH4KPIGPDGNGIVGU-TGW\-TGW\KP8KGTRC­&CPPGPDGTI

5GJTUEJÌP

 

&KG <WYGKUWPI FGU XQTNKGIGPFGP 6[RU KUV PKEJV IGUKEJGTV * &CPPGPDGTI DGOGTMVG \W GKPGO 'ZGORNCT CWU FGO   (WPFXQP*QJGPYCNFG/ÌINKEJFCUUFKGUG/ÒP\GXQPJGTXQTTCIGPFIGKUVNKEJGO%JCTCMVGTDKUEJÌHNKEJKUVFCFCU 5VKHV%COKPGKPUKNDGTPGU-TGW\KOTQVJGP(GNFG\WO9CRRGPJCV &CPPGPDGTI*/ÒP\IGUEJKEJVG2QOOGTPUKO /KVVGNCNVGT$GTNKP5 

2290

2291

2292

91.)#5656#&6 

*QJNRHGPPKII.KNKG\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKPPCEJCW­GPIGMGJTVGT5EJNÒUUGN&CPPGPDGTI  44(CUVUGJTUEJÌP



4ª)'0(ª456'067/ 

,CTQOCT+ ! $TCMVGCVI-TGW\&CPPGPDGTI5QDKGV\M[

445GJTUEJÌP



9K\NCY++$TCMVGCVI(CJPGNFCTWPVGTGKPG-WIGN&CPPGPDGTIC FQTVWPVGT 5VTCNUWPF 5QDKGV\M[ 445GJTUEJÌP

  195


QUEDLINBURG

2293

#$6'+

24ª/

&CU KP FGT 9GUVGKHGN IGNGIGPG -NQUVGT 2TÒO XKNNC RTWOKC  YWTFG  XQP FGT #FNKIGP $GVTCFC WPF   KJTGO 5QJP )TCH %JCTKDGTV XQP .CQP IGITÒPFGV  ÒDGTPCJOGP GU FKG -CTQNKPIGT FGTGP *GTTUEJGT   2KRRKP +++   \CJNTGKEJG 4GEJVG YKG FKG HTGKG #DVUYCJN +OOWPKV·V WPF MÌPKINKEJGP 5EJWV\   XGTNKGJ'KPGTUVGU/ÒP\TGEJVUFKRNQOHÒT2TÒON·UUVUKEJHÒTFCU,CJTPCEJYGKUGP /)*&.++ 0T   OKV 4QOOGTUJGKO CNU GTY·JPVGO 2T·IGQTV  YKTF FCU /ÒP\RT·IGTGEJV FWTEJ -CTN ōFGP   'KPH·NVKIGPŋ  GTPGWVDGUV·VKIV 

#PQP[OWO&GPCTI%JTKUVQITCOO\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKPG-WIGN%#'+8+%65#4 &CPPGPDGTI-NWIG %0) KP)0  0T5VGKPDCEJ  44#VVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCTOKVJÒDUEJGT2CVKPC



&KGFTGK\GKNKIG4ÒEMUGKVGPNGIGPFGN·UUVUKEJ\WUCOOGPOKVFGO%JTKUVQITCOOFGT8QTFGTUGKVGJÌEJUVYCJTUEJGKPNKEJ \W%*4+5685+08+%685%#'5#4CWHNÌUGP&KG<WYGKUWPICP2TÒOKUVNGV\VNKEJPKEJV\YGKHGNUHTGKIGUKEJGTVGKPG QDGTNQVJTKPIKUEJG 2T·IWPI CDGT CWH )TWPF FGT CWU FGO /ÒP\DKNF JGTCWU\WNGUGPFGPCPVKMGP$KNFWPIFGU5VGORGN UEJPGKFGTU WPF FGT CWH -ÌNPGT WPF 6TKGTGT 8QTDKNFGT \WTÒEMIGJGPFGP FTGK\GKNKIGP 5EJTKHVIGUVCNVWPI UGJT YCJT   UEJGKPNKEJ XINFGP-QOOGPVCTDGK-NWIG%0)5 (ÒT2TÒOURTKEJVFGTGKPFGWVKIG$G\WI\WFGPFQTVKIGP 2T·IWPIGP OKV %JTKUVWUFCTUVGNNWPI 'KPG YGKVGTG QDGTNQVJTKPIKUEJG 2T·IWPI OKV %JTKUVQITCOO N·UUV UKEJ KP /GV\   WPVGT$KUEJQH#FCNDGTQ++  XGTQTVGP U&CPPGPDGTI%0) 

2294



#PQP[O EC  &GPCT  I $TWUVDKNF %JTKUVK CWH -TGW\PKODWU&TGK 2GTUQPGP OKV 0KO   DWU PGDGPGKPCPFGT FKG OKVVNGTG 2GTUQP UVGJV GTJÌJV &CPPGPDGTI  -NWIG %0)  KP )0   

 0T5VGKPDCEJ 8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV*CNDKGTVHCUVUGJTUEJÌP



2295

#$6'+

37'&.+0$74)

&GT1TVHKPFGVGTUVOCNUKPGKPGT7TMWPFG-CKUGT*GKPTKEJU+  CNUXKNNCSWCGFKEKVWT3WKVKNKP ICDWTI'TY·JPWPI&KG7TURTÒPIGIGJGPYQJNCWHGKPGPHT·PMKUEJGP9KTVUEJCHVUJQH\WTÒEMYQDGKFGT 0COGFGT5KGFNWPI CNVFV3WKVKNQFGTMNGKPG3WKVQ/·PPGTPCOG UQXKGNDGFGWVGVYKGōFGT1TVCP FGO FKG 0CEJMQOOGP FGU 3WKVQ YQJPGPŋ 0KEJV IGMN·TV KUV YKG FCU U·EJUKUEJG #FGNUIGUEJNGEJV FGT   .KWFQNHKPIGT UR·VGT1VVQPGP YQJN\YKUEJGPKPFGP$GUKV\FGU-ÌPKIUIWVGUIGNCPIVG(GUVUVGJV LGFQEJFCUUFGT\WOQUVHT·PMKUEJFGWVUEJGP-ÌPKIIGY·JNVG*GKPTKEJ+FGP$WTIDGTIOCUUKXCWU DCWVG5GKPGUR·VGTG$GFGWVWPIGTNCPIVG3WGFNKPDWTILGFQEJGTUVPCEJFGO6QF*GKPTKEJUKO,CJTG FGTFKG$GUKV\WPIGP3WGFNKPDWTI0QTFJCWUGP2ÌJNFG&WFGTUVCFVWPF)TQPGUGKPGT(TCW/CVJKNFGCNU 9KVYGPIWV\WMQOOGPNKG­5KGDGUVCVVGVG*GKPTKEJKPGKPGT)TCDMCRGNNGCWHFGO$WTIDGTIWPFITÒPFGVG FCU5VKHV3WGFNKPDWTI EQPITGICVKQUCPEVKOQPKCNKWO OKVFGP5VKHVUFCOGPCWUFGO-NQUVGT9GPFJCWUGP &KG.GKVWPIFGU5VKHVUNCIDKU\WKJTGO6QFCOKPFGP*·PFGPFGT-CKUGTKPYKVYGUGNDUV3WGF NKPDWTIWPVGTUVCPFFKTGMVFGO2CRUVWPFIGPQ­FKG+OOWPKV·V  196

/CVJKNFGQFGT#FGNJGKF&GPCTI&+)4#4':-TGW\KPFGP9KPMGNP1 &&1#6'#*.*6*QN\MKTEJG\WFGP5GKVGP##*CV\6[R+8M/GJNH 5GJTUEJÌP




QUEDLINBURG

2296



&GPCTI-TGW\KPFGP9KPMGNP1&&1*QN\MKTEJG\WFGP5GKVGP66&CPPGPDGTI /GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT  2T·IGUEJY·EJGWPF4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP



2297



&GPCTI-TGW\KPFGP9KPMGNP1&&1*QN\MKTEJG\WFGP5GKVGP66&CPPGPDGTIC /GJN 2T·IGUEJY·EJGCO4CPFUGJTUEJÌP



2298



&GPCTI-TGW\KPFGP9KPMGNP1&&1*QN\MKTEJG\WFGP5GKVGP66&CPPGPDGTIp /GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT  -N2T·IGUEJY·EJGCO4CPFUQPUVCVVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT



2299



&GPCTI&TGKVÒTOKIGU)GD·WFG*CPFOKV-TWOOUVCDXKGT-WIGNPNKO(GNF&CPPGPDGTI /GJN5VGKPDCEJ *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCOKPIGYGNNVUGJTUEJÌP



2300



&GPCTI&TGKVÒTOKIGU)GD·WFG*CPFOKV-TWOOUVCDXKGT-WIGNPNKO(GNF&CPPGPDGTI /GJN5VGKPDCEJ &G\GPVTKGTVWPFNGKEJVIGYGNNVUGJTUEJÌP

 197


QUEDLINBURG

2301



&GPCTI&TGKVÒTOKIGU)GD·WFG*CPFOKV-TWOOUVCDXKGT-WIGNPNKO(GNF&CPPGPDGTIC /GJN5VGKPDCEJ 5GNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI&WPMNG2CVKPCNGKEJVIGYGNNVUGJTUEJÌP



2302



&GPCTI&TGKVÒTOKIGU)GD·WFG*CPFOKV-TWOOUVCDXKGT-WIGNPNKO(GNF&CPPGPDGTIC /GJN5VGKPDCEJ &WPMNG2CVKPCIGNQEJVHCUVUGJTUEJÌP



2304

2303



&GPCTI&TGKVÒTOKIGU)GD·WFG*CPFOKV-TWOOUVCDXKGT-WIGNPNKO(GNF&CPPGPDGTIC /GJN5VGKPDCEJ 'VYCUIGYGNNVWPFMN5EJTÌVNKPIUTKUUGHCUVUGJTUEJÌP





#IPGU+XQP2QNGPEC&GPCTI= #)0'5#$?#*ÒHVDKNFFGTDVKUUKPJCNDTOKV -TGW\UVCD WPF UGIPGPFGT 4GEJVGP 4KPIGN N KO (GNF= &':6'4# &10? *CPF CWU $QIGP CWH   -TGW\&CPPGPDGTI-NWIG/GJN5VGKPDCEJ  44+P\YGK*·NHVGP\GTDTQEJGPUGJTUEJÌP



(ÒTFKG3WGFNKPDWTIGT5VKHVUIGUEJKEJVGDKNFGPFKG/ÒP\GPGKPGDGUQPFGTUYKEJVKIG3WGNNGFGPPUKGÒDGTNKGHGTPFKG DGKFGPJKUVQTKUEJPKEJVHCUUDCTGPDVKUUKPPGP'KNKECWPF#IPGUFKGKPFKGUGT4GKJGPHQNIGPCEJ 6QFFGTDVKU UKP #FGNJGKF ++  COVKGTV JCDGP OÒUUGP 'TUV  KUV OKV )GTDWTI YKGFGT GKPGDVKUUKPCW­GTJCNDFGTPWOKUOCVK UEJGP ªDGTNKGHGTWPI DG\GWIV -NWIG &GWVUEJG /ÒP\IGUEJKEJVG 5   &KG #DUVCOOWPI WPF FKG IGPCWGP .G   DGPULCJTG D\Y FGT #OVU\GKVTCWO FGT DVKUUKP #IPGU + UKPF DKU JGWVG WOUVTKVVGP (ÒT GKPG <WUCOGPHCUUWPI FGT   (QTUEJWPIUNKVGTCVWTXIN/GJN3WGFNKPDWTI5#PO 

2305



)GTDWTI )GTDGTIC &ÒPPRHGPPKII$TWUVDKNFFGTDVKUUKPXXOKV-TGW\HCJPGWPF $WEJ 5VGTP N KO (GNF)GMTÌPVGT -ÌPKIUMQRHTÒDGT/CWGTOKV\YGK6ÒTOGP/GJN FKGU'ZGO RNCT 5NI$QPJQHH 44&WPMNG2CVKPCNGKEJVG2T·IGUEJY·EJGPKPFGT7OUEJTKHVXQT\ÒINKEJ  &KGDGMCPPVGP/ÒP\GPFGTDVKUUKP)GTDWTIUVCOOGPHCUVCWUUEJNKG­NKEJCWUFGOKO,CJTGDGK)TÌPKPIGPKO JGWVKIGP 5CEJUGP#PJCNV IGOCEJVGP /ÒP\HWPF UQIGP (WPF XQP *CNDGTUVCFV  &KG IGPCWG #P\CJN FGT FCOCNU   IGJQDGPGP'KP\GNUVÒEMGN·UUVUKEJJGWVGPKEJVOGJTGTOKVVGNP&KG7OUEJTKHVGPUKPFDGKFGTUGKVUUVCTMXGTYKNFGTV&KG .GIGPFGFGT4ÒEMUGKVG &+8/150#N·UUVUKEJCWH)QUNCTGT)GRT·IG\WTÒEMHÒJTGP 0GPPWPIFGT*GKNKIGP5+/10 WPF+8&#5 YQJKPIGIGPFKG8QTFGTUGKVG 8+4521051Q· XQTGTUVWPIGFGWVGVDNGKDGPOWUU$GKFGOFCTIG UVGNNVGP-ÌPKIFÒTHVGGUUKEJWO.QVJCT+++XQP5WRRNKPIDWTI  JCPFGNP

198


QUEDLINBURG

2306



&ÒPPRHGPPKII$·TVKIGT-QRHXXÒDGT/CWGT\YKUEJGP\YGK6ÒTOGPQDGP*CPF\YKUEJGP\YGK -TGW\GP)GD·WFG MCWO\WGTMGPPGP /GJNXIN5 442T·IGUEJY·EJGUGJTUEJÌP



&GTXQTNKGIGPFG6[RIGJÌTVCWHITWPFUGKPGU$KNFRTQITCOOUGKPFGWVKIKPFKG)TWRRGFGT)GRT·IGFGT3WGFNKPDWTIGT DVKUUKP )GTDWTI 'T YCT LGFQEJ KO (WPF XQP *CNDGTUVCFV PKEJV XGTVTGVGP &GT WPIGMTÌPVG D·TVKIG /CPP MÌPPVG   OÌINKEJGTYGKUG GKPGP 8QIV FCTUVGNNGP #WHITWPF FGT HGJNGPFGP &CTUVGNNWPI GKPGT DVKUUKP UEJN·IV / /GJN GKPG   8GTQTVWPIPCEJ*CNDGTUVCFVXQTYQDGKGTFCXQPCWUIGJVFCUUGKP5VGORGNUEJPGKFGTQFGTGKPGICP\G9GTMUVCVVHÒT OGJTGTG#WHVTCIIGDGTFGT7OIGDWPIIGCTDGKVGVJCVWPFFCDGKGKP/QVKXOGJTHCEJ\WT#PYGPFWPIIGMQOOGPKUV

2307



&ÒPPRHGPPKII8GTUEJNGKGTVGU$TWUVDKNFFGTDVKUUKPJCNDTOKV-TGW\HCJPGWPF$WEJ5VGTPNKO (GNF)GMTÌPVGT-ÌPKIUMQRHTÒDGT/CWGTOKV\YGK6ÒTOGP/GJN5NI$QPJQHHp  442T·IGUEJY·EJGCO4CPFUGJTUEJÌP



&KG<WYGKUWPIFGUXQTNKGIGPFGP'ZGORNCTUKUVPKEJV\YGKHGNUHTGKIGUKEJGTVFCFKG2T·IGUEJY·EJGÒDGTFKGGPVUEJGK FGPFGP2CTVKGPFGU/ÒP\DKNFGUIGJV'UMÌPPVGUKEJWOFGP6[R/GJNQFGTJCPFGNPYQDGKFKG<WYGKUWPICP FGP6[ROKV-TGW\GPPGDGPFGP6ÒTOGPWPFKPFGT/CWGTNGKUVGYCJTUEJGKPNKEJGTKUV

2308



&ÒPPRHGPPKI  I 8GTUEJNGKGTVGU $TWUVDKNF FGT DVKUUKP JCNDT OKV -TGW\HCJPGWPF$WEJ MCWO\W GTMGPPGP /CWGTTKPIFCTKP)GD·WFGOKV\YGK6ÒTOGP$GTIGT FQTVWPVGT$GCVTKZ++ /GJN #VVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCTOKVHGKPGT6ÌPWPI

2309







2310

&ÒPPRHGPPKI  I 8GTUEJNGKGTVGU $TWUVDKNF FGT DVKUUKP JCNDT OKV -TGW\HCJPGWPF$WEJ MCWO\W GTMGPPGP /CWGTTKPIFCTKP)GD·WFGOKV\YGK6ÒTOGP$GTIGT FQTVWPVGT$GCVTKZ++ /GJN 5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­UGJTUEJÌP



&ÒPPRHGPPKI  I 8GTUEJNGKGTVGU $TWUVDKNF FGT DVKUUKP JCNDT OKV -TGW\HCJPGWPF$WEJ MCWO\W GTMGPPGP /CWGTTKPIFCTKP)GD·WFGOKV\YGK6ÒTOGP$GTIGT FQTVWPVGT$GCVTKZ++ /GJN 4CPFCWUDTWEJHCUVUGJTUEJÌP

 199


QUEDLINBURG

2311



$GCVTKZ++XQP9KP\GPDWTI$TCMVGCVI 555+/108#&#8QIVOKVIGUEJWNVGT VGO5EJYGTVUVGJVPCEJTJKPVGTUGKPGO4ÒEMGP8''.XQTKJOFKGPCEJNUKV\GPFGDVKUUKPOKV2CNO \YGKIJKPVGTKJTGO4ÒEMGP%'Û\YKUEJGPFGPDGKFGPGKPGMNGKPG5·WNGOKV-TGW\$GTIGT/GJN

FKGU'ZGORNCT 0CW &KG<GKVFGT5VCWHGT   8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCMN5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­ JKPVGTMNGDV UQPUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT 

2312



$TCMVGCV  I Û5%5+/8108&#Û 8QIV OKV IGUEJWNVGTVGO 5EJYGTV UVGJV PCEJ T JKPVGT UGKPGO   4ÒEMGP6WTOXQTKJOFKGCWHGKPGO(CNVUVWJNJCNDNVJTQPGPFGDVKUUKPOKV-TGW\UVCDWPF.KNKGXQP QDGPYGKUVFKG*CPF)QVVGUJGTCD$GTIGT/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT 5NI$QPJQHH  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV8QT\ÒINKEJGU2TCEJVGZGORNCTXQPHGKPUVGO5VKNWPFOKVJÒDUEJGT2CVKPC 

2313



$TCMVGCVI $+#64+:&+)4#38+&'.)'$848GTUEJNGKGTVGDVKUUKPVJTQPVXXOKV.KNKGP UVCD WPF $WEJ CWH GKPGO (CNVUVWJN FGT OKV 6KGTMÌRHGP XGT\KGTV KUV\YKUEJGPFGTTGEJVGP5EJWNVGTWPF FGO .KNKGPUVCD GKP 4KPIGN ÒDGT FGO $WEJ GKPG -WIGN /GJN  FKGU 'ZGORNCT  0CW &KG <GKV FGT   5VCWHGT  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV2TCEJVGZGORNCTOKVJGTTNKEJGT2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\  'ZGORNCTFGT#WMVKQP5QVJGD[ U1MVQDGT0T

200


QUEDLINBURG

2316

2314

2315







$TCMVGCVI$#64+5+8#$+5#Û*04DVKUUKPUKV\VXXOKVIGÌHHPGVGO$WEJWPF-TGW\UVCD CWHGKPGO(CNVUVWJNFGTOKV6KGTMÌRHGPXGT\KGTVKUV$GTIGT/GJN5NI$QPJQHH  442T·IGUEJY·EJGWPF4CPFCWUDTWEJUGJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCVI1#64+5+8#$+##*04DVKUUKPUKV\VXXOKV$WEJWPF.KNKGPUVCDCWHGKPGO (CNVUVWJNFGTOKV6KGTMÌRHGPXGT\KGTVKUV/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT   *ÌEJUVYCJTUEJGKPNKEJ7PKMWO5GJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCTOKVFWPMNGT2CVKPC



$TCMVGCVIDVKUUKPUKV\VXXOKV-TGW\UVCDWPF.KNKGP\GRVGTCWHGKPGO(CNVUVWJNFGTOKV6KGT MÌRHGPXGT\KGTVKUV\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP6WTO$GTIGT/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT 0CW &KG<GKV FGT5VCWHGT 5NI$QPJQHH  448QNNCWIGRT·IVGUXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCTOKVJÒDUEJGT2CVKPC



2317



2318

$TCMVGCV  I $'#  6  4+  : #$$#66+4+DVKUUKPUKV\VXXOKV.KNKGWPFIGÌHHPGVGO $WEJCWH/CWGT\YKUEJGP\YGK0QPPGPDTWUVDKNFGTP$GTIGT/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT 0CW &KG <GKVFGT5VCWHGT 5NI$QPJQHH 49KP\4CPFHGJNGTUQPUVHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT



&KGUGT$TCMVGCV\GKIVFGWVNKEJFGPOKVVGNCNVGTNKEJGPJQTTQTXCEWK0GDGPFGTDVKUUKPGTUEJGKPGPFGUJCNDPQEJ\YGK 0QPPGP KO (GNF WPF PGDGP FGP GTJQDGPGP *·PFGP -WIGNP WPF -·UVEJGP WO LGFG HTGKG (N·EJG CWU\WHÒNNGP &KG   .GIGPFGKUVKPOGJTGTGP6GKNGPKPFGT7OUEJTKHVWPFKO(GNFXGTDQTIGP



$TCMVGCVI$'#64+:#$$#66+4DVKUUKPUKV\VXXOKV.KNKGWPFIGÌHHPGVGO$WEJ CWH/CWGT\YKUEJGP\YGK0QPPGPDTWUVDKNFGTP/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT 5NI$QPJQHH  448QT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCTOKVJÒDUEJGTFWPMNGT2CVKPC 'ZGORNCTFGT#WMVKQP5QVJGD[ U1MVQDGT0T $GKFGOXQTNKGIGPFGP'ZGORNCTXQO6[R/GJNHGJNVFCUNGV\VG+FGT.GIGPFGCWHFGT/CWGTDTÒUVWPI





201


QUEDLINBURG

2320

2319

2321







$TCMVGCVI$#66+4$+#%+4#DVKUUKPUKV\VXXOKV.KNKGPCRHGNWPFUGIPGPFGT.KPMGP CWH/CWGTFCTÒDGTDCNFCEJKPCTVKIGU)GD·WFGOKVFTGK$ÌIGPWPFFTGK6ÒTOGPNWPFTKPFGP$ÌIGP $TWUVDKNFGTLGGKPGT0QPPGGDGPUQXQTFGT/CWGTFC\YKUEJGP.KNKG$GTIGT/GJN0CW &KG <GKVFGT5VCWHGT 5NI$QPJQHH 445GJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCTOKVMN2T·IGUEJY·EJG



$TCMVGCVIDVKUUKPUKV\VXXOKV.KNKGPUVCDWPFUGIPGPFGT.KPMGPCWH/CWGTDQIGP\WFGP5GK VGPLGGKP6WTO\WKJTGP(Ò­GPFKG$TWUVDKNFGT\YGKGT5VKHVUFCOGPFC\YKUEJGPGKPG.KNKG$GTIGT /GJN0CW &KG<GKVFGT5VCWHGT 5NI$QPJQHH  4#VVTCMVKXGU'ZGORNCTOKVJÒDUEJGT2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



$TCMVGCVIDVKUUKPUKV\VXXOKV.KNKGWPFUGIPGPFGT*CPFCWH4WPFDQIGPFCTWPVGT$TWUVDKNFGT LGGKPGT5VKHVUFCOG\WFGP5GKVGPLGYGKNUGKPIGUVTKEJGNVGU$QIGPVGKN 9QNMGP! $GTIGT/GJN 5NI$QPJQHH 8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV5GJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCTOKVFWPMNGT2CVKPC



2322



$TCMVGCV  I )GJCTPKUEJVGT -TKGIGT UKV\V X X OKV 5EJYGTV WPF (CJPGPNCP\GDVKUUKPOKV-TGW\ \GRVGT UKV\V PCEJ N KJO \WIGYCPFV CW­GP XKGTDQIKIG .KPKGPGKPHCUUWPI $GTIGT  /GJN  FKGU   'ZGORNCT XINFGP-QOOGPVCT5p  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV2TCEJVGZGORNCTOKVJGTTNKEJGT2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ  &KG<WYGKUWPIFGUXQTNKGIGPFGP$TCMVGCVGPKUVPKEJV\YGKHGNUHTGKIGUKEJGTV'TMCONGFKINKEJKO(WPFXQP4QFGYKV\ DGK$CWV\GPXQT9·JTGPFFGT$GCTDGKVGTFGU(WPFGU)-ÌJNGTFKG(KIWTTGEJVUFGU-TKGIGTUPQEJH·NUEJNKEJGTYGKUG CNU O·PPNKEJG 2GTUQP OKV 5\GRVGT QJPG -TQPG KFGPVKHK\KGTVG GTMCPPVG 4 XQP *ÌHMGP FCTKP WP\YGKHGNJCHV GKPG   DVKUUKP&CGUKPFGT(WPFIGIGPFCNUQFGT1DGTNCWUKV\MGKP&COGPUVKHVIKDVKPFGOFKG/ÒP\GIGRT·IVYQTFGP UGKP MCPP MQOOV CO GJGUVGP 3WGFNKPDWTI KP (TCIG YGPPINGKEJFKG)GUVCNVWPIFGU/ÒP\DKNFGUWPIGYÌJPNKEJKUV /ÌINKEJGTYGKUGIGJVFKG2T·IWPICDGTCWEJCWHGKPDGUQPFGTGUWPUCDGTWPDGMCPPVGU'TGKIPKU\WTÒEM#NU2T·IG JGTTGPMQOOGPCOGJGUVGPFKGDVKUUKPPGP$GCVTKZ++  WPF#FGNJGKF+++  KP(TCIGFCFKG 4GIKGTWPIU\GKV /GTGICTVU   \W MWT\ WPF OKV \YGK 6[RGP /GJN  WPF   DGTGKVU CWUIGHÒNNV KUV &GT   CDIGDKNFGVG 5VKHVUXQIV Y·TG FGOGPVURTGEJGPF 2HCN\ITCH (TKGFTKEJ ++ XQP 5CEJUGP5QOOGTUEJGPDWTI EC     $KU\WO#WHMQOOGPPGWGT'TMGPPVPKUUGHQNIGPYKTFGT<WYGKUWPIXQP//GJN

202


QUEDLINBURG

2324

2323

2325



#FGNJGKF+++XQP5CEJUGP$TCMVGCVIDVKUUKPUKV\VXXOKVIGÌHHPGVGO$WEJWPF .KNKGPUVCDCWH(CNVUVWJNFGTOKV6KGTMÌRHGPXGT\KGTVKUV\YKUEJGP\YGKITQ­GP6ÒTOGPFCTÒDGT$QIGP OKV<KPPGPOCWGTWPF6WTO$GTIGT/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT 5NI$QPJQHH  48QT\ÒINKEJGU2TCEJVGZGORNCTOKVJÒDUEJGTFWPMNGT2CVKPCMN6WUEJG\KHHGTCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG



&KG $TCMVGCVGP FGT 6[RGP /GJN  \GKIGP GKPGP KO YGUGPVNKEJGP INGKEJGP #TEJKVGMVWTTCJOGP &KG GKP\GNPGP   'OKUUKQPGPYGTFGPFWTEJFKG#VVTKDWVGKPFGP*·PFGPFGTDVKUUKP DURY$WEJ-TGW\QFGT.KNKGP\GRVGT IGMGPP \GKEJPGV



$TCMVGCVIDVKUUKPUKV\VXXOKVIGÌHHPGVGO$WEJWPF-TGW\UVCDCWH(CNVUVWJNFGTOKV6KGTMÌR HGP XGT\KGTV KUV \YKUEJGP \YGK ITQ­GP 6ÒTOGP FCTÒDGT $QIGP OKV <KPPGPOCWGT WPF 6WTO $GTIGT   /GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT 0CW &KG<GKVFGT5VCWHGT 5NI$QPJQHH  4)WVCWUIGRT·IVGUXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT 



$TCMVGCVIDVKUUKPUKV\VXXOKVIGÌHHPGVGO$WEJWPFUGIPGPFGT.KPMGPCWH(CNVUVWJNFGTOKV 6KGTMÌRHGP XGT\KGTV KUV \YKUEJGP \YGK ITQ­GP 6ÒTOGP FCTÒDGT $QIGP OKV <KPPGPOCWGT WPF 6WTO   /GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT  48QT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCTOKVJÒDUEJGT2CVKPC 

2326



2327

$TCMVGCV  I DVKUUKP UKV\VXXOKV.KNKGP\GRVGTWPF-TGW\UVCDCWH/CWGTNGKUVG\WFGP5GKVGPLG \YGK6ÒTOG$GTIGT/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT 5NI$QPJQHH  48QT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCTOKVJÒDUEJGT2CVKPC



&KG$TCMVGCVGPFGT6[RGP/GJN\GKIGPGKPGKOYGUGPVNKEJGPINGKEJG/CWGTNGKUVGOKV\YGK6ÒTOGPNKPMUWPF TGEJVU FGT DVKUUKP &KG GKP\GNPGP 'OKUUKQPGP YGTFGP FWTEJ FKG #VVTKDWVG KP KJTGP *·PFGP DURY .KNKGP\GRVGT   -TGW\UVCDQFGT2CNO\YGKI IGMGPP\GKEJPGV



$TCMVGCVIDVKUUKPUKV\VXXOKV.KNKGWPFIGÌHHPGVGO$WEJCWH/CWGTTKPI\YKUEJGP\YGKITQ ­GP 6ÒTOGP KO /CWGTTKPI UKPF HÒPH 5VCFVVQTG \W UGJGP $GTIGT  /GJN  0CW &KG <GKV FGT   5VCWHGT 5NI$QPJQHH 4*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ

 203


QUEDLINBURG

2329

2328

2330



$TCMVGCVI#6*6'+5&##'.'6#$5%58/5'4(#+DVKUUKPUKV\VXXOKVIGÌHHPGVGO$WEJ WPF$NWOGP\GRVGTCWH6QTIGD·WFG\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP6WTO$GTIGT/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT  5NI$QPJQHH FKGU'ZGORNCT  4(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





$TCMVGCV  I DVKUUKP UKV\VXXOKV\YGK.KNKGPUV·DGPCWH4WPFDQIGPWOJGT#TEJKVGMVWTTCJOGP /GJN 8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV4·PFGTCWUIGDTQEJGPWPF4GUVGXQP)TÒPURCPUQPUVUGJTUEJÌP 



#FGNJGKF +++ XQP 5CEJUGP  WPF 5VKHVUXQIV #NDTGEJV XQP 5CEJUGP5QOOGTUEJGPDWTI   $TCMVGCVI8QIVUKV\VXXOKV5EJYGTVWPF.KNKGP\GRVGTCWH/CWGTTKPI\WFGP5GKVGP LGGKP6WTO$GTIGT/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT 5NI$QPJQHH 445GJTUEJÌP  'ZGORNCTFGT#WMVKQP(TKV\4WFQNH-ÒPMGT1UPCDTÒEM0T  9·JTGPFKPFGT·NVGTGP.KVGTCVWTFKG<WYGKUWPIFKGUGU6[RUPQEJWOUVTKVVGPYCTMQPPVG//GJNOKV*KPYGKUCWH FKG JPNKEJMGKV \W 3WGFNKPDWTIGT$TCMVGCVGP /GJN FKGXQTNKGIGPFG2T·IWPIGDGPHCNNUFQTVXGTQTVGP2HCN\ ITCH#NDTGEJVXQP5QOOGTUEJGPDWTIYCTFGT$TWFGTDVKUUKP#FGNJGKFU+++WPF\WINGKEJ8QIVFGT3WGFNKPDWTIGT #DVGK 9CTWO GT CWH FKGUGO 6[R CNNGKPG FCTIGUVGNNV KUV OWUU XQTGTUV FCJKPIGUVGNNV DNGKDGP $WEJGPCW XGTOWVGVG   FCUU FGT 2HCN\ITCH GKP &TKVVGN FGT NCWHGPFGP 3WGFNKPDWTIGT 2HGPPKIOÒP\WPI HÒT UGKPGP $GFCTH OKV GKIGPGO =?   $KNFUVGORGNOÒP\GPNKG­

2331



204

#IPGU++XQP/GKUUGP$TCMVGCVI #)0'5#$#6+5#+0%8&&'..++'1DVKU UKPUKV\VXXOKV-TGW\WPF.KNKGCWH$QIGP\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP6WTO$GTIGT/GJN FKGU 'ZGORNCT 5NI$QPJQHH -N4CPFCWUDTWEJUQPUVDTGKVGUXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT




QUEDLINBURG

2332



2333

$TCMVGCV(·NUEJWPIXQP0KEQNCWU5GGN·PFGTI #)0'5#$#6+5#&'%8&&'..0$8DVKU UKPUKV\VXXOKV-TGW\WPF.KNKGCWH$QIGP\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP6WTO/GJN\W#PO FKGU'Z GORNCTCDIGDKNFGV  -N4CPFCWUDTWEJUGJTUEJÌP



8IN 6JKGN 4 &KG $TCMVGCVGPH·NUEJWPIGP FGU 0KEQNCWU 5GGN·PFGT   WPF UGKPG <GJGP 5EJTKHVGP \WT   OKVVGNCNVGTNKEJGP/ÒP\MWPFG*GKFGNDGTI0T  &GT'THWTVGT/GFCKNNGWT0KEQNCWU5GGN·PFGT  CTDGKVGVGUGKVCNU$KDNKQVJGMU-WRHGTUVGEJGTKP*CPPQ XGTWPFMCOCWHFKGUGO9GIGOKVOGJTGTGPDGTÒJOVGP/ÒP\UCOONGTPUGKPGT<GKVKP-QPVCMV'TDGCDUKEJVKIVGGKP -QTRWUFGTFGWVUEJGP/KVVGNCNVGTOÒP\GP\WGTUVGNNGPWPFFKGUGUOKVGKIGPGP-WRHGTUVKEJGP\WKNNWUVTKGTGP&CUKEJ UQYQJN KP UGKPGP #TDGKVGP CNU CWEJ KP CNNGP /ÒP\GPUCOONWPIGP \W FGPGP 5GGN·PFGT -QPVCMV JCVVG (·NUEJWPIGP   HKPFGPIGJVOCPUGKVFGO,CJTJWPFGTVFCXQPCWUFCUU5GGN·PFGTFKGUGUGNDUVJGTUVGNNVG'TDGUC­FCUPQVYGP FKIG PWOKUOCVKUEJG 9KUUGP FKG GPVURTGEJGPFGP 5COONGTMQPVCMVG WPF FKG JCPFYGTMNKEJGP (·JKIMGKVGP WO UGKPG   2T·IWPIGPCPFGP/CPP\WDTKPIGP+PKJTGT/CEJCTVWPVGTUEJGKFGPUKEJFKG5GGN·PFGTUEJGP(·NUEJWPIGPXQPFGP 1TKIKPCNGP QHVOCNU FWTEJ KJTG GKIGPVÒONKEJG 2CVKPC FKG UCWDGT XQPGKPCPFGT IGVTGPPVGP -WIGNP CO 4CPF WPF FGT   (QTOFGT$WEJUVCDGPYKGOCPCWUFGO8GTINGKEJFGTDGKFGPXQTCPIGJGPFGP'ZGORNCTGIWVGTUGJGPMCPP



$TCMVGCV  I CO 4CPF NGKEJV JKPVGTMNGDV  #)0'5  #$#6+5# DVKUUKP UKV\V X X OKV -TGW\UVCD   WPFIGÌHHPGVGO$WEJCWH(CNVUVWJNFGTOKV6KGTMÌRHGPXGT\KGTVKUVQDGP&TGKDQIGPOKVOGJTGTGP6ÒT OGP/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT   8QPITÌ­VGT5GNVGPJGKV4CPFCWUDTWEJWPFMN'KPTKUUGUQPUVUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ 

2334



$TCMVGCVI#$#6+5##)0'5DVKUUKPUVGJVXXOKV$NÒVGPWPF-TGW\UVCD CWHFGO4CPFXKGT-WIGNPWPFXKGT-TGW\G/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT   8QPCNNGTITÌ­VGT5GNVGPJGKV'KP\KIGUDGMCPPVGU'ZGORNCTKO*CPFGN 4CPFCWUDTWEJWPF-PKEMURWTGPUGJTUEJÌP



'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV#WMVKQP$CPM.GW%QWPF#FQNRJ*GUU<ÒTKEJ.W\GTP0T 'ZGORNCTFGT#WMVKQP&WDN*GUUKUEJGU.CPFGUOWUGWO#WMVKQP4KGEJOCPP%Q*CNNG5CCNG0T

205


QUEDLINBURG

2335



$TCMVGCVIDVKUUKPUKV\VXXOKVIGÌHHPGVGO$WEJWPF.KNKGP\GRVGTCWHGKPGO(CNVUVWJNFGTOKV 6KGTMÌRHGPXGT\KGTVKUV$GTIGT/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT   8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­UQPUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCTOKVJÒDUEJGT2CVKPC



2336



$TCMVGCVIDVKUUKPUVGJVXXOKVIGÌHHPGVGO$WEJWPF.KNKGP\GRVGT\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP6WTO $GTIGT/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT 5NI$QPJQHH  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV5GJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCTOKVFWPMNGT2CVKPC



2337 2338





206

5QRJKCXQP$TGJPC$TCMVGCVI 512*+#38+&'.+%'88DVKUUKPUKV\VXX OKV -TGW\UVCD WPF 2CNO\YGKI CWH $QIGP KP (ÒPHRC­ QDGP )GD·WFG OKV \YGK 6ÒTOGP \W FGP 5GKVGP   /GJN5NI$QPJQHH FKGU'ZGORNCT   8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV4CPFCWUDTWEJWPFDGUEJPKVVGPUGJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCVI JKPVGTMNGDV DVKUUKPUKV\VXXOKV.KNKGPUVCDWPFIGÌHHPGVGO$WEJCWH$QIGPQDGP &TGKDQIGPOKVXKGT6ÒTOGP/GJN  8QPITÌ­VGT5GNVGPJGKV4CPFCWUDTÒEJGWPF5EJTÌVNKPIUTKUUGUGJTUEJÌP




QUEDLINBURG

2339

2340



$TCMVGCV  I 38+'.38+'.6+5#Û DVKUUKP UKV\V X X OKV 6WTO WPF -TGW\TJQODWU CWH $CPM   /GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT  8QPITÌ­VGT5GNVGPJGKV-N4CPFCWUDTWEJWPFNGKEJVGT&QRRGNUEJNCI UQPUVHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCTOKVFWPMNGT2CVKPC 



$TCMVGCVIDVKUUKPUKV\VXXCWHGKPGT$CPMOKVGTJQDGPGP*·PFGP\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP4KPIGN GKPUGEJUUVTCJNKIGT5VGTPWPFGKP6WTO/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT   8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV&WPMNG2CVKPC4CPFCWUDTWEJWPF-PKEMURWTUQPUVHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ

2341





2342

#PQP[O  ,CJTJWPFGTV $TCMVGCV  I -QRH FGTDVKUUKPXXWPVGT$QIGPOKV6WTO\WFGP 5GKVGPNGKP$TWUVDKNFOKV/KVTCWPFTGKP$TWUVDKNFOKV-TQPG/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT   8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV-N5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­UGJTUEJÌP $TCMVGCVI-QRHFGTDVKUUKPXXWPVGT$QIGPOKVFTGK6ÒTOGP/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT   8QPITÌ­VGT5GNVGPJGKV-N4CPFCWUDTWEJWPFGVYCU)TÒPURCPXQT\ÒINKEJ

2343







2344



$TCMVGCVIDVKUUKPUKV\VXXCWH/CWGTNGKUVG\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP6WTO/GJN FKGU'ZGO RNCT  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV&WPMNG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





$TCMVGCV  I DVKUUKP UKV\V X X OKV -TGW\ WPF .KNKGPUVCD CWH /CWGTNGKUVG \W FGP 5GKVGP LG GKP   6WTO/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT   8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV7PTGIGNO·­KIGT4CPFUQPUVUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

 207


QUEDLINBURG

2345

2346



$TCMVGCVIDVKUUKPUKV\VXXOKV.KNKGPUVCDWPF2CNO\YGKI\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP6WTO/GJN

FKGU'ZGORNCT  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV9KP\4CPFHGJNGTUQPUVUGJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCVIDVKUUKPUKV\VXXCWH/CWGTKPFGP*·PFGPLGGKP-TGW\UVCD\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP 6WTO/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT  8QPITÌ­VGT5GNVGPJGKV-N6WUEJG\KHHGTCO4CPFXQT\ÒINKEJ



2347

2348



$TCMVGCVIDVKUUKPUKV\VXXOKV$WEJWPF2CNO\YGKICWH$QIGP/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT   8QPITÌ­VGT5GNVGPJGKV#VVTCMVKXGUHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT





$TCMVGCVIDVKUUKPUKV\VXXOKV$WEJWPF2CNO\YGKICWH$QIGP/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT   8QPITÌ­VGT5GNVGPJGKV5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



2349

2350



$TCMVGCVIDVKUUKPUKV\VXXOKV.KNKGPUVCDWPF$WEJCWH.GKUVG/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT   448QT\ÒINKEJ





$TCMVGCVIDVKUUKPUKV\VXXOKVGKPGO-TGW\UVCDKPLGFGT*CPF/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT   8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV4CPFCWUDTÒEJGWPFMN5EJTÌVNKPIUTKUUGUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



2351

2352



$TCMVGCVIDVKUUKPUKV\VXXOKV2CNO\YGKIWPF-TGW\UVCD\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP4KPI/GJN

FKGU'ZGORNCT  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





$TCMVGCVIDVKUUKPUKV\VXXCWH$QIGPKPFGP*·PFGPLGGKP6WTO\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP4KPI /GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT  8QPITÌ­VGT5GNVGPJGKV-N4CPFHGJNGTHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



208


QUEDLINBURG

2353



2354

$TCMVGCVIDVKUUKPUKV\VXX\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP*CNDDQIGPOKV6WTOWPFGKPMNGKPGTDGJGNOVGT -QRH$GTIGT/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT   445EJTÌVNKPIUTK­WPFMN4CPFCDDTWEJUQPUVHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



/ /GJN UEJNWI CNU &GWVWPI FGT MNGKPGP DGJGNOVGP -ÌRHG \W 5GKVGP FGT DVKUUKP FKG 5VKHVUJGKNKIGP 5GTXCVKWU WPF   &KQP[UKWUXQTYQDGKGKPG&CTUVGNNWPIKP)GUVCNVGKPGU-TKGIGTUHÒTDGKFGWPIGYÌJPNKEJY·TG



$TCMVGCVIDVKUUKPUKV\VXXOKV-TGW\UVCDWPFIGÌHHPGVGO$WEJCWH$QIGP\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP 5VCEJGNTKPIWPFGKPG-WIGN$GTIGT/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT 5NI$QPJQHH  44#VVTCMVKXGUHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCTOKVHGKPGT2CVKPC

2355





2356

$TCMVGCV  I DVKUUKP UKV\V X X OKV GKPGO 4GKEJUCRHGN KP LGFGT *CPF \W FGP 5GKVGP LG GKP 4KPI   $GTIGT/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT  444CPFCWUDTWEJUQPUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



($GTIGTFGWVGVGFKG)GUVCNVCWHFKGUGO6[RPQEJCNUFGP*GKNKIGP5GTXCVKWU$GKFGOXQTNKGIGPFGP'ZGORNCTKUV LGFQEJUEJYCEJFGT5EJNGKGTGKPGTDVKUUKP\WGTMGPPGPFGTKO8GTINGKEJOKVFGPCPFGTGP2T·IWPIGPFKGUGT)TWRRG CWEJPKEJVCNU*GKNKIGPUEJGKPIGFGWVGVYGTFGPMCPP



$TCMVGCVI$TWUVDKNFFGTDVKUUKPXXWPVGT$QIGPOKVXKGT6ÒTOGP/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

2357







2358

$TCMVGCVIDVKUUKPUVGJVXXOKV-TGW\WPFCWHIGUEJNCIGPGO$WEJ\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP6WTO $GTIGTp/GJNp5NI$QPJQHHp  9CJTUEJGKPNKEJWPGFKGTV9KP\4CPFHGJNGTUQPUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU2TCEJVGZGORNCT



$TCMVGCV  I $TWUVDKNF FGT DVKUUKP X X ÒDGT $QIGP FCTWPVGT -QRH X X \W FGP 5GKVGP LG GKP   6WTO$GTIGTp/GJNp5NI$QPJQHHp 448QT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCTOKVJÒDUEJGTFWPMNGT2CVKPC

 209


QUEDLINBURG

2361

2360

2359



$TCMVGCVIDVKUUKPUKV\VXXKPFGP*·PFGPLGGKP-TGW\UVCD/GJNp XIN   8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV5GJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCVIDVKUUKPUKV\VXXCWH$QIGP\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP6WTOOKV-TGW\$GTIGT FQTV WPVGT)GTVTWFXQP#PYCTVp /GJNp XIN  445GJTUEJÌP





$TCMVGCVI$TWUVDKNFFGTDVKUUKPXXÒDGT$QIGPFCTKP-TGW\\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP6WTO/GJNp

XIN  444CPFCWUDTWEJWPF4GUVGXQP)TÒPURCPUGJTUEJÌP



2362

2364

2363



$TCMVGCV)GTC 8QIVN·PFKUEJG/ÒP\UV·VVG IDVKUUKPUKV\VXXOKV2CNO\YGKIWPFIGÌHHPGVGO $WEJ CWH GKPGO (CNVUVWJN FGT OKV6KGTMÌRHGPXGT\KGTVKUV\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP6WTOWPFGKP9GKFGP \YGKI$GTIGT/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT  445GJTUEJÌP



&CMGKPGFGTKPFGT8QIVN·PFKUEJGP/ÒP\UV·VVG)GTCIGRT·IVGP/ÒP\GPGKPGDVKUUKPPGPPVKUVGKPGIGPCWG<WYGK UWPIFGT)GRT·IGPKEJVOÌINKEJ5KGOÒUUGPCNNGTFKPIUKPFGT<GKV\YKUEJGP#IPGU++XQP/GK­GP  WPF $GVTCFKU ++   GPVUVCPFGP UGKP &KGU GPVURTKEJV FGO <GKVTCWO FGT COVKGTGPFGP 8ÌIVG *GKPTKEJ ++ EC    DKU*GKPTKEJ:  





210

$TCMVGCV)GTC 8QIVN·PFKUEJG/ÒP\UV·VVG IDVKUUKPUKV\VXXOKV2CNO\YGKIWPFIGÌHHPGVGO $WEJCWH/CWGTNGKUVGKO(GNFNWPFTGKP9GKFGP\GKIÒDGTKJTGTT5EJWNVGTFGT$WEJUVCDG#$GTIGT /GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT 5NI$QPJQHH 44-N4CPFCWUDTWEJXQT\ÒINKEJ



$TCMVGCV)GTC 8QIVN·PFKUEJG/ÒP\UV·VVG IDVKUUKPUKV\VXXOKV2CNO\YGKIWPFIGÌHHPGVGO $WEJCWH/CWGTNGKUVGKO(GNFNWPFTGKP9GKFGP\GKIÒDGTKJTGTT5EJWNVGTFGT$WEJUVCDG#$GTIGT /GJN5NI$QPJQHH 44*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCYKP\4CPFCWUDTWEJXQT\ÒINKEJ




QUEDLINBURG

2365





2366

$TCMVGCV)GTC 8QIVN·PFKUEJG/ÒP\UV·VVG IDVKUUKPUKV\VXXOKV2CNO\YGKIWPFIGÌHHPGVGO $WEJCWH/CWGTNGKUVGKO(GNFNWPFTGKP9GKFGP\GKIÒDGTKJTGTT5EJWNVGTFGT$WEJUVCDG#$GTIGT /GJN5NI$QPJQHH 445EJÌPpUGJTUEJÌP



$TCMVGCV)GTC 8QIVN·PFKUEJG/ÒP\UV·VVG IDVKUUKPUKV\VXXOKV2CNO\YGKIWPFIGÌHHPGVGO $WEJ CWH /CWGTNGKUVG KO (GNF N GKP 9GKFGP\YGKI WPF T GKP -TGW\UVCD ÒDGT KJTGT T 5EJWNVGT FGT   $WEJUVCDG#\YKUEJGP\YGK-WIGNP/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT   8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV-N4CPFCWUDTWEJXQT\ÒINKEJ



2368

2367





$TCMVGCV)GTC 8QIVN·PFKUEJG/ÒP\UV·VVG IDVKUUKPUKV\VXXOKVIGÌHHPGVGO$WEJWPF-TGW\ UVCD CWH /CWGTNGKUVG \W FGP 5GKVGP LG GKP 2CNO\YGKI T KO (GNF FGT $WEJUVCDG # /GJN  FKGU   'ZGORNCT  444CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



$TCMVGCV)GTC 8QIVN·PFKUEJG/ÒP\UV·VVG IDVKUUKPUKV\VXXCWHMNGKPGO$QIGPKPFGP*·P FGPLGGKP$WEJ/GJN 45EJÌPpUGJTUEJÌP



2369





2370

$TCMVGCV )GTC 8QIVN·PFKUEJG /ÒP\UV·VVG   I DVKUUKP UKV\V X X OKV 2CNO\YGKI WPF $WEJ CWH   $QIGPKO(GNF9GKFGP\YGKIWPF-TGW\UVCD\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP6WTO/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT   8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV4CPFCWUDTÒEJGUQPUVHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT



$TCMVGCV )GTC 8QIVN·PFKUEJG /ÒP\UV·VVG   I DVKUUKP UKV\V X X OKV $WEJ WPF 2CNO\YGKI CWH   /CWGTNGKUVGNKO(GNFMNGKPGT9GKFGP\YGKI/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT 5NI$QPJQHH  45GJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT

 211


QUEDLINBURG

2371



$TCMVGCV)GTC 8QIVN·PFKUEJG/ÒP\UV·VVG IDVKUUKPUKV\VXXKPFGP*·PFGPLGGKP9GKFGP \YGKI/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT 5NI$QPJQHH 45EJTÌVNKPIUTKUUGUGJTUEJÌP



2372



$TCMVGCV)GTC 8QIVN·PFKUEJG/ÒP\UV·VVG IDVKUUKPUKV\VXXOKV&QRRGNTGKEJUCRHGNWPF.KNKGP MTGW\UVCD\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP)GD·WFGOKVURKV\GO&CEJ/GJN  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV#VVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCTOKVJGTTNKEJGT2CVKPC



#WHHCNNGPFDGKFGOXQTNKGIGPFGP6[RUKPFFKGDGKFGP*CCTNQEMGPFKGCWH-KPPJÌJGCO5EJNGKGTFGTDVKUUKPCPIG DTCEJVUKPFWPFFKGOCPCPUQPUVGPPWTXQPFGP2T·IWPIGPYGNVNKEJGT*GTTGPMGPPV'UKUVYCJTUEJGKPNKEJFCUUFGT 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT  FGT UQYQJN HÒT FGP 8QIV CNU CWEJ FKG DVKUUKP CTDGKVGVG  CP FKGUGT 5VGNNG PKEJV CWHIGRCUUV JCV   QFGTFKG$GFGWVWPIFGTFCTIGUVGNNVGP2GTUQPPKEJVIGPCWGTHCUUGPMQPPVGWPFUQOKVFKGUGU<YKVVGTYGUGPGTUEJCHHGP JCV / /GJN XGTOWVGVG FCUU FGT 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT GXGPVWGNN CWEJ KO #WHVTCI UGKPGU *GTTP FGU 8QIVGU FKGUG   8GT·PFGTWPIXQTIGPQOOGP=JCDGPMÌPPVG?WOGTMGPPGP\WNCUUGPYGTJKGTFGTYCJTG*GTTFGU.CPFGUKUV /GJN 3WGFNKPDWTI5 

2373

 212

$TCMVGCV )GTC 8QIVN·PFKUEJG /ÒP\UV·VVG   I DVKUUKP UKV\V X X OKV (CJPGPNCP\G WPF $NWOGP   \GRVGT$GTIGT/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT  44(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCTOKVJÒDUEJGT2CVKPC




QUEDLINBURG

2374



$TCMVGCV)GTC 8QIVN·PFKUEJG/ÒP\UV·VVG IDVKUUKPUKV\VXXOKV&QRRGNTGKEJUCRHGNWPF&QR RGNMTGW\UVCDCWH$QIGP/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT  44*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP



2376

2375 2377







$TCMVGCV )GTC 8QIVN·PFKUEJG /ÒP\UV·VVG   I DVKUUKP UKV\V X X OKV IGÌHHPGVGO $WEJ OKV.KNKG WPF.KNKGPMTGW\UVCDCWH$CPM/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT   8QPITÌ­VGT5GNVGPJGKV4CPFCDDTWEJWPF5EJTÌVNKPIUTKUUGUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



$TCMVGCV)GTC 8QIVN·PFKUEJG/ÒP\UV·VVG IDVKUUKPUKV\VXXOKVIGÌHHPGVGO$WEJWPF-TGW\ UVCDCWH$QIGP\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP9GKFGP\YGKI/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT 5NI$QPJQHH  /KP4CPFCWUDTWEJUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



$TCMVGCV )GTC 8QIVN·PFKUEJG /ÒP\UV·VVG   I DVKUUKP UKV\V X X OKV $WEJ WPF  9GKFGP\YGKI   ÒDGTFGO$WEJGKPTDNKEMGPFGT8QIGN/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT   48QNNCWUIGRT·IVGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT

 213


QUEDLINBURG

2379 2378



$TCMVGCV )GTC 8QIVN·PFKUEJG /ÒP\UV·VVG   I DVKUUKP UKV\V X X KP LGFGT *CPF GKP IGÌHHPGVGU   $WEJWPFGKP-TGW\UVCD/GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT  445GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





$TCMVGCV)GTC 8QIVN·PFKUEJG/ÒP\UV·VVG IDVKUUKPUVGJVXXOKV-TWOOUVCDWPF-TGW\UVCD \WFGP5GKVGPLGGKPG-WIGN/GJN *CNDKGTVUGJTUEJÌP



'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI*QJGPUVCWHGP\GKV#WMVKQP$CPM.GW%QWPF#FQNRJ*GUU<ÒTKEJ.W\GTP0T 

2380



$TCMVGCV )GTC 8QIVN·PFKUEJG /ÒP\UV·VVG   I DVKUUKP UKV\V X X OKV .KNKGPUVCD WPF 2CNO\YGKI   /GJN FKGU'ZGORNCT  8QPITÌ­VGT5GNVGPJGKV5EJTÌVNKPIUTKUUGWPFIGFTÒEMVHCUVUGJTUEJÌP

2381





2382

#PQP[O'PFG#PHCPI,CJTJWPFGTV*QJNRHGPPKII9CRRGPUEJKNFFCTKPGKPGKPHCEJ IG\GKEJPGVGU)GUKEJV$GTIGT FQTVWPVGT0KGFGTNCWUKV\ WPF FQTVWPVGT3WGFNKPDWTI /GJN

FKGU'ZGORNCT 5NI$QPJQHH 7PTGIGNO·­KIGT5EJTÌVNKPIUGJTUEJÌP



*QJNRHGPPKI0GWCDUEJNCIFGU,CJTJWPFGTVUI9CRRGPUEJKNFFCTKPGKPGKPHCEJIG\GKEJPGVGU )GUKEJV/GJN#PO FKGU'ZGORNCTCDIGDKNFGV  8QT\ÒINKEJ



8INFGP-QOOGPVCTDGK//GJN5'UIKDV0GWCDUEJN·IGFKGUGU2HGPPKIUFKGKP3WGFNKPDWTIKPFGPGT ,CJTGPFGU,CJTJWPFGTVUXQPFGOFQTVDGHKPFNKEJGP1TKIKPCNUVGORGNCPIGHGTVKIVYQTFGPUKPF=?'KPGTUGKVUKUV KJT )GYKEJV DGFGWVGPF JÌJGT CNU DGK FGP 1TKIKPCNGP EC  I  CPFGTGTUGKVU KUV FGT 4CPF FGU GVYCU \W ITQ­ IG   UEJPKVVGPGP5EJTÌVNKPIUJQEJIGDQIGP

214