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AUKTION 192 Russische Münzen und Medaillen Orden und Ehrenzeichen mit interessanten Serien aus europäischem Privatbesitz ZEIT

Donnerstag, 23. Juni 2011 14.00 Uhr - 18.30 Uhr Freitag, 24. Juni 2011 09.30 Uhr - 13.00 Uhr 14.00 Uhr - 16.00 Uhr

ORT

Steigenberger Hotel Remarque Osnabrück, Natruper-Tor-Wall 1

AUKTIONS-TELEFON

+49 (0)541 60 96 633

AUKTIONS-FAX

+49 (0)541 60 96 634

Auktionen 188-192, Juni 2011 20. JUNI 2011

Auktion 188 Münzen und Medaillen aus Mittelalter und Neuzeit Bedeutende Sammlung Osnabrück

21. JUNI 2011

Auktion 189 Die Sachsensammlung Gerhart Rother

21./22. JUNI 2011

Auktion 190 Französische Münzen Eine bedeutende Sammlung aus Privatbesitz

22./23. JUNI 2011

Auktion 191 Geprägtes Gold aus drei Jahrtausenden Deutsche Münzen ab 1871

23./24. JUNI 2011

Auktion 192 Russische Münzen und Medaillen Orden und Ehrenzeichen mit interessanten Serien aus europäischem Privatbesitz


1971 bis 2011 – 40 Jahre Künker Als im Juni 1971 die Münzenhandlung Fritz Rudolf Künker als Ein-Mann-Firma in Schapdetten bei Münster gegründet wurde, konnte niemand ahnen, welche Entwicklung das Unter nehmen in der numismatischen Welt nehmen würde. Als junger Unternehmer, gerade erst 22 Jahre alt, hatte ich von kaufmännischen Fragen keine rechten Vorstellungen und studierte zunächst weiter in Münster Geschichte und Numismatik bei Peter Berghaus, dessen große Persönlichkeit mich ebenso begeisterte wie das unerschöpfliche akademische Wissen dieses herausragenden Numismatikers. Peter Berghaus hat schon damals immer wieder betont, dass die Numismatik vielleicht die einzige Disziplin ist, in der sich WissenFritiittz Ru Fr Ruddoolff Küünnke Rud ker schaftler, engagierte Laien mit beachtlichen Publikationen und der Münzhandel auf vielschichtige Weise befruchten können und oft auch miteinander befreundet sind. Ich bin fest überzeugt, dass dieser Ansatz auch heute richtig ist und der Numismatik auch in Zukunft wichtige Impulse geben kann. Im September 1971 brachte mein junges Unternehmen die Lagerliste Nummer 1 heraus: ohne Bilder und von mir auf einer Reiseschreibmaschine während der Sommerferien in Tossens am Jadebusen getippt. 1972 trat mein jüngerer Bruder Horst-Rüdiger Künker (betriebsintern K2 genannt) als Mitarbeiter ein. Inzwischen leitet er als Geschäftsführer mit großem Erfolg und unternehmerischer Umsicht die Goldhandelsabteilung des Unternehmens Künker. Die Münzenhandlung Künker zog im April 1973 nach Osnabrück um und mietete bis 1985 Geschäftsräume in der Heger Straße 13. Vermieter war der Osnabrücker Unternehmer Hermann Löffler, einer unserer ersten Kunden überhaupt und, wie viele andere Kunden auch, mit unserem Haus über Jahrzehnte treu verbunden. In Osnabrück entwickelte sich ein guter Kontakt zu den »Münzbolden«, ein kleiner Sammlerkreis, gegründet von dem bekannten Numismatiker Dr. Karl Kennepohl. Dieser Kreis traf sich einmal im Monat auf privater Ebene. Mitglied war auch der renommierte Rechtsanwalt und Notar Alfons Buller, der nicht nur ein Förderer des jungen Unternehmens wurde, sondern auch für mich ein väterlicher Freund. Es war der Wunsch der Familie Buller, dass die Münzhandlung in der früheren Kanzlei in der Gutenbergstraße 23 ein neues und größeres Domizil erhalten sollte. Der

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Umzug erfolgte dann im Juli 1985, gleichzeitig war dies der Einstieg der Firma Künker in das Auktionsgeschäft. Einige Mitarbeiter hatten diesen Geschäftszweig dringend empfohlen, weil sowohl Käufer als auch Verkäufer den Weg über Auktionen bevorzugen. Eine gute und richtige Einschätzung, wie sich bald herausstellte. Eine erfolgreiche Entwicklung von Münzauktionen setzt engagierte Mitarbeiter voraus. Gisela Thomas war für die Betreuung der Kunden ein Glücksfall, ebenso wie die im eigenen Haus ausgebildeten Numismatiker Oliver Köpp, Alexandra Spreu, Jens-Ulrich Thormann und Manuela Weiß, die sich bei der Auf bauarbeit der Auktionsabteilung besondere Verdienste erworben haben. Heute beschäftigt das Unternehmen Künker 40 Mitarbeiter. Die beiden tragenden Säulen stellen die Münzauktionen und der Goldhandel dar. Der alles entscheidende Faktor für eine Münzhandlung ist die Akzeptanz durch die Kunden. Bei uns sind es vor allem private Sammler, die Freude an ihren Objekten haben und von ihrem Lieferanten Tugenden wie Zuverlässigkeit und Ehrlichkeit erwarten. Eine hohe Fachkompetenz und die Bereitschaft, auf die spezifischen Belange und Wünsche eines Kunden einzugehen, sind ebenso wichtig wie Kulanz und Glaubwürdigkeit. Auch für das größer gewordene Unternehmen Künker ist es nach wie vor eine Verpflichtung, jeden Kunden so individuell wie möglich zu bedienen. Das Team der Kundenbetreuung nimmt unsere Kunden als unsere wichtigsten Partner sehr ernst und wünscht sich, dass Sie als Kunde auch dann mit uns sprechen, wenn uns ein Fehler unterläuft. Damit das möglichst selten der Fall ist, sorgen Arne Kirsch und Oliver Köpp für die Qualitätssicherung aller Objekte. Der Treue unserer Kunden und dem Engagement aller Mitarbeiter ist es zu verdanken, dass die Geschichte des Hauses Künker eine Erfolgsgeschichte geworden ist. Die Umwandlung der Einzelfirma in eine Kommanditgesellschaft hat die notwendige Regelung der Nachfolge erleichtert. Inzwischen stehen mir mit meinem Sohn Ulrich Künker und Dr. Andreas Kaiser zwei tüchtige Partner zur Seite, die schon unternehmerische Verantwortung übernommen haben und die zusammen mit allen Mitarbeitern auch in Zukunft dafür sorgen werden, dass das Haus Künker ein zuverlässiger und seriöser Partner für unsere Kunden bleibt. Osnabrück, im Mai 2011 Fritz Rudolf Künker

TEL +49 (0)541 96 20 20, FAX +49 (0)541 96 20 222, SERVICE@KUENKER.DE, WWW.KUENKER.DE


1971 to 2011 – 40th Anniversary of Künker Back in June 1971 when Fritz Rudolf Künker founded his one-man gold and silver coin enterprise in Schapdetten, near Münster, nobody could possibly have imagined how the business would develop in the numismatic world. As a 22-year-old entrepreneur I did not have a lot of knowledge of things commercial and thus continued my studies of history and numismatics in Münster under Peter Berghaus. Both the great personality and the inexhaustible academic knowledge of this outstanding numismatist were a source of inspiration. Even back then Peter Berghaus emphasised that numismatics was the only discipline in which both scientists and dedicated laypersons with remarkable publications could cross pollinate the coin trade and even create friendships, and I am fully convinced that this approach will continue to provide fundamental impulses for the future. In September 1971 my fledgling business issued its very first stock list, without pictures and typed during my summer vacation on a portable typewriter in Tossens near Jadebusen. In 1972 my younger brother Horst-Rüdiger Künker (known internally as K2) joined the business. With his great business acumen he is now the successful manager of the gold trading department. The company moved to Osnabrück in April 1973, renting office space in Heger Strasse 13 until 1985. The landlord was the Osnabrück businessman Hermann Löffler, one of our first clients, and along with many other customers, has remained faithful to us through all these years. A good contact developed in Osnabrück with the »Münzbolden«, a small group of collectors founded by the well-known numismatist Dr. Karl Kennepohl who used to meet once a month on a private basis. One of the members was the well-known lawyer and notary Alfons Buller, who was not only a patron but also a fatherly friend. It was the wish of the Buller family that the coin business should move into a new and larger home in the former chancellery in Gutenbergstraße 23. The move took place in July 1985 and at the same time served as the entry into the auctioneering business.

development of coin auctions requires dedicated employees. Gisela Thomas was a godsend for the support of the customers as well as Oliver Köpp, Alexandra Spreu, Jens-Ulrich Thormann and Manuela Weiß, all of whom were trained as numismatists in-house. Today, Künker employs 40 people and the two principle branches are the auction area and the gold trade. The all-important factor in the coin business is its acceptance by the customers. Private collectors who take great pleasure in their objects expect both honesty and reliability from their suppliers. A high level of expertise and the willingness to respond to the specific concerns and wishes of the customers is just as important as fair dealing and credibility. It is still a duty to treat each customer individually even for a mature enterprise like Künker. The customer service team considers our clients as our most important partner and desires that a customer will still talk with us, even if an error has occurred. To ensure that that seldom happens, Arne Kirsch and Oliver Köpp are responsible for the quality assurance of all objects. It is thanks to the trust of our customers and the dedication of our staff that the story of the house of Künker has been such a successful one. The change of corporate form to a limited partnership has enabled us to deal with the question of the succession. I now have two competent partners by my side in my son Ulrich Künker and Dr. Andreas Kaiser, both of whom have taken on management responsibilities and who in future, together with our staff, will ensure that the house of Künker remains a reliable and respected partner for our clients. Osnabrück, May 2011

Fritz Rudolf Künker

This area of activity was highly recommended by several of our employees because both buyers and sellers preferred this and it turned out to be a wise and correct decision. The successful

TEL +49 (0)541 96 20 20, FAX +49 (0)541 96 20 222, SERVICE@KUENKER.DE, WWW.KUENKER.DE

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1971 по 2011 – 40 лет Кюнкер Когда в июне 1971 года в городке Шапдетен была основана маленькая фирма по торговле монетами, никто не мог и предположить, какое ведущее место она займет на нумизматическом рынке. Будучи молодым предпринимателем, которому едва исполнилось 22 года и который был так далек от вопросов экономики, я продолжал учебу в университете Мюнстера на факультете истории нумизматики под руководством гоcподина Петера Бергхауз, чья личность меня покорила так же, как и богатейший опыт и глубокие знания в этой науке. Петер Бергхауз уже тогда утверждал, что нумизматика – это, пожалуй, единственная дисциплина, которая смогла объединить науку и торговлю монетами таким образом, что они стали друг другу полезными. И я убежден, что именно это объединение и будет давать новые импульсы для развития нумизматики в будущем. В сентябре 1971 года вышел первый номер печатного каталога N 1 по фиксированным ценам. Он был без фотографий и отпечатан мною на машинке во время летнего отпуска на Северном море. В 1972 мой брат Хорст Рудигер ( K2 ) cтал первым сотрудником фирмы. В настоящее время он успешно руководит отделом по торговле золотом. В апреле 1973 года фирма Кюнкер переезжает на Хегерштрассе 13, в Оснабрюк и арендует там офис до 1985 года. Арендодатель офиса – предприниматель Германн Лефлер - стал одним из наших первых клиентов и остался верен нам долгое время. В Оснабрюке фирма сразу наладила хороший контакт с клубом «Друзья Нумизматики», основанный доктором Карлом Кенненполем. Встречи в этом клубе проводились раз в месяц. Одним из членов этого клуба был известный в те времена адвокат и нотариус Альфонс Буллер, который относился ко мне по-отцовски. Желанием семьи Буллер стало новое место фирмы Кюнкер – Гуттенбергштрассе 23 – бывшее адвокатское бюро. Переезд состоялся в июле 1985 года и стал одновременно началом проведения аукционов. Некоторые сотрудники были сторонниками этого нововведения, т. к. как продавец, так и очень многие покупатели предпочитали приобретать предметы именно таким образом. Как показала прак-

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тика – это был хороший и правильно сделанный ход. Успешное развитие аукционов предполагало слаженную работу всех сотрудников. Важным координатором в работе с клиентами была долгое время Гизела Томас. Вместе с ней огромный вклад в развитие аукционов внесли сотрудники, получившие образование на фирме: Оливер Кепп, Александра Шпрой, Енс Улрих Торманн и Мануэлла Вайс. Сегодня фирма Кюнкер насчитывает более 40 человек, и ее основными направлениями считаются аукционы и торговля золотом. Самый важный и решающий фактор в нумизматическом бизнесе – это признание клиентов. Наши клиенты – это, в первую очередь, коллекционеры, которые ожидают от нас надежность и честность. Высокий профессионализм и компетентность являются важными факторами в работе с ними. Несмотря на все растущую фирму, основным приоритетом является индивидуальный подход к каждому из покупателей. Ведь именно покупатель и есть наш самый важный партнер. Мы также стремимся, чтобы наш клиент вновь и вновь обращался к нам, несмотря на иногда допускаемые ошибки. Чтобы их избежать, Арне Кирш и Оливер Кепп проверяют на подлинность все выставляемые на аукцион предметы. Благодаря верности наших клиентов и профессионализму сотрудников фирмы история Аукционного Дома Кюнкер стала историей успеха. Реконструкция одной маленькой фирмы в Акционерное Общество облегчила мне передачу дальнейших полномочий. Теперь у меня появилось два надежных продолжателя – мой сын Улрих Кюнкер и Андреас Кайзер, которые перенимают не только всю ответственность, но готовы и в будущем вместе со всеми сотрудниками фирмы оставаться серьезным и надежным партнером для наших клиентов. Оснабрюк, май 2011 года

Фриц Рудольф Кюнкер

TEL +49 (0)541 96 20 20, FAX +49 (0)541 96 20 222, SERVICE@KUENKER.DE, WWW.KUENKER.DE


Fritz Rudolf Künker GmbH & Co. KG Die Fritz Rudolf Künker GmbH & Co. KG ist Europas führendes Auktions- und Handelshaus für Münzen, Medaillen und Orden sowie ein seriöser Partner im Bereich Goldhandel. Unser Dienstleistungsspektrum für Sie als unsere Kunden hat sich in den Jahren kontinuierlich verbessert und erweitert. Einen kleinen Überblick über unsere Angebote finden Sie hier. Fritz Rudolf Künker GmbH & Co. KG is Europe’s leading auction and trading company for coins, medals and decorations as well as your serious partner in gold trading. Our range of services for our customers has been steadily improving and expanding over the years. Following is a short overview of our offers. AUKTIONEN/AUCTIONS Besuchen Sie unsere international bedeutenden Auktionen, die Ihnen viermal jährlich zahlreiche Raritäten bieten. Profitieren Sie als Bieter oder Einlieferer von unserer Erfahrung und Kompetenz. Visit our internationally recognized auctions which take place four times a year and offer many rarities. Benefit from our experience and competence while being a bidder or consigner. GOLDHANDEL/GOLD COIN TRADING Wir bieten Ihnen ein ständiges Angebot sowie den Ankauf von Anlagemünzen aus Deutschland, Europa und aller Welt zu fairen tagesaktuellen Preisen. We are constantly offering as well as purchasing a vast range of German, European and World bullion coins. We buy and sell gold assets at a fair, daily updated market price. ONLINE-SHOP Wir bieten Ihnen in unserem Online-Shop auf www.kuenker.de ein täglich aktualisiertes Münz-Angebot von der Antike bis zur Neuzeit. Kaufen Sie hier unkompliziert zum Festpreis und ohne Risiko. We offer you an exclusive daily updated selection of coins from ancient to modern times. You can order at www.kuenker.com without hassle or risk. eAUCTIONS Unsere eAuctions finden monatlich auf unserer Homepage www.kuenker.de statt und bieten Ihnen eine besondere Auswahl von Münzen von der Antike bis zur Neuzeit. Das Besondere hierbei: das reduzierte Aufgeld von nur 10 %. Our eAuctions take place monthly at www.kuenker.com with special selection of coins from ancient to modern times. Take advantage of our reduced buyer’s fee of only 10 %. ORDEN UND EHRENZEICHEN/ORDERS AND DECORATIONS Einmal im Jahr findet unsere besondere Ordensauktion statt, die sich ganz den dekorativen Ehrenzeichen widmet. Profitieren Sie als Bieter oder Einlieferer von unserer Erfahrung und Kompetenz im Bereich Phaleristik. Once a year there is a special auction dedicated to medals and decorations. Benefit from our experience in the field of phaleristik becoming our bidder or consigner.

TEL +49 (0)541 96 20 20, FAX +49 (0)541 96 20 222, SERVICE@KUENKER.DE, WWW.KUENKER.DE

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Besichtigung/On View Das Auktionsgut kann nach Vereinbarung besichtigt werden. Auction lots may be viewed by appointment only.

Online-Katalog/Online Catalogue

KUENKER.DE

Betrachten Sie unsere Auktionskataloge im Internet! Unter www.kuenker.de und www.sixbid.com haben Sie die Möglichkeit, Abbildungen zu vergrößern, Ihre Gebote direkt abzugeben und die Ergebnisse der Auktionen abzurufen. Please browse our auction catalogues at www.kuenker. com or at www.sixbid.com! You will have the possibility to zoom all images, to place your bids and to view all auction results online.

Künker-Service Wir sind mittlerweile mit neun eigenen Standorten in Deutschland und Europa vertreten. So können wir Ihnen unseren beliebten Künker-Service auch in Ihrer Nähe anbieten. Unsere Leistungen vor Ort: • Persönliche Beratung und Betreuung in Ihrer Nähe. • Sie können Ihre Münzen direkt einliefern oder verkaufen, ersteigerte Münzen abholen und sich nach Vereinbarung Einlieferungen auszahlen lassen. • Sie können sich von unserem Kooperationspartner auf den Künker-Auktionen vertreten lassen. We are now represented with nine locations in Germany and Europe so that we can also provide you the best service in your vicinity. Our local services: • You always have a point of contact nearby. • You can directly consign or sell your coins, collect purchases and receive by appointment payment for consignments. • You can have our cooperation partner represent you at our auctions. OSNABRÜCK Fritz Rudolf Künker GmbH & Co. KG Gutenbergstraße 23, 49076 Osnabrück Tel. +49 (0)541 96 20 20, E-Mail: service@kuenker.de Haupptstsititz inn Osnab Ha abrü brüückk

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USt-IdNr./VAT-No: DE256270181

TEL +49 (0)541 96 20 20, FAX +49 (0)541 96 20 222, SERVICE@KUENKER.DE, WWW.KUENKER.DE


Standorte/Locations MÜNCHEN Künker Numismatik AG Löwengrube 12, 80333 München Dr. Hubert Ruß Tel. +49 (0)89 242 198 38, service@kuenker-numismatik.de

Drrr. Hu D Hube bert r Rußß

Frank Fr ank Ri an Rich chhar ards rdssen en

Fritz Rudolf Künker GmbH & Co. KG Maximiliansplatz 12a, 80333 München Frank Richardsen Tel. +49 (0)89 242 16 990, frank.richardsen@kuenker.de BERLIN Fritz Rudolf Künker GmbH & Co. KG Poststraße 22, 10178 Berlin-Mitte Wollankstraße 117, 13187 Berlin-Pankow Michael Otto Tel. +49 (0)30 247 248 91, michael.otto@kuenker.de HAMBURG Künker Hamburg, c/o Roland Trampe

Micchhae Mi ael Ot Otto to

Rola Ro land la nndd Tra ram mppe

Roland Trampe Tel. +49 (0)541 96 20 20, roland.trampe@kuenker.de KONSTANZ Künker Konstanz, c/o Michael Autengruber Schulthaißstraße 10, 78462 Konstanz Michael Autengruber Tel. +49 (0)7531 28 44 69, michael.autengruber@kuenker.de ZNOJMO Künker Znojmo, c/o Petr Kovaljov 17. Listopadu 18, 66902 Znojmo, Tschechische Republik

Michaeel Autetngruube berr

Petr Kov Pe ovaalljo jov jov

Petr Kovaljov Tel. +42 (0)603 81 10 31, petr.kovaljov@kuenker.de ZÜRICH Künker Zürich, c/o Hess-Divo AG Löwenstraße 55, 8001 Zürich, Schweiz Ulf Künker Tel. +41 (0)44 225 40 90, zuerich@kuenker.de MOSKAU Künker Moskau, c/o Russian Coin Co. Ltd. 2/21 Makarenko St., 123001 Moskau, Russland

Alek Al lek ekses y O Onncchhuukkov ov

Aleksey Onchukov Tel. +7 (495) 589 56 10, aleksey.onchukov@kuenker.de

TEL +49 (0)541 96 20 20, FAX +49 (0)541 96 20 222, SERVICE@KUENKER.DE, WWW.KUENKER.DE

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Chronik 1971 – 2011 JUNI 1971

Gründung der Münzenhandlung Fritz Rudolf Künker mit Firmensitz in Schapdetten im Münsterland

SEPTEMBER 1971

Erste Lagerliste

SEPTEMBER 1972

Einstellung des ersten Mitarbeiters Horst-Rüdiger Künker

APRIL 1973 FEBRUAR 1985

JULI 1985

Umzug in die Heger Straße 13, Osnabrück Erste Auktion im Hotel Ibis, Osnabrück (Deutsche Münzen und Medaillen)

Umzug in die Gutenbergstraße 23, Osnabrück

MÄRZ 1987

Auktion 7: Sammlung Egon Beckenbauer (Proben von deutschen Reichsmünzen)

MÄRZ/OKTOBER 1989

Auktion 13, 14 u. 16: Sammlung Grönegreß Teil I – III (Westfälische Münzen aus einer bedeutenden Privatsammlung)

JANUAR 1990 SEPTEMBER 1999 MÄRZ 2000 JUNI 2002 MÄRZ 2003 JUNI 2005

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Auktion 15: Sammlung Dr. med. Georg Stalling (Norddeutschland) Auktion 50: 100 Numismatische Kostbarkeiten Erste Auktion im Steigenberger Hotel Remarque, Osnabrück Auktion 76: Münzen und Medaillen von Danzig und Polen aus altem Danziger Familienbesitz Auktion 81 u. 82: Sammlung Fritzotto Bauss (Brandenburg-Preußen) und Haussammlung der Hypovereinsbank München (Bayern) Auktion 100: Numismatische Kostbarkeiten aus drei Jahrtausenden

TEL +49 (0)541 96 20 20, FAX +49 (0)541 96 20 222, SERVICE@KUENKER.DE, WWW.KUENKER.DE


JUNI 2005 FEBRUAR 2006 MÄRZ 2006 JUNI 2006 SEPTEMBER 2006 OKTOBER 2006

Erste Auktion für Orden und Ehrenzeichen Erste Auktion in Berlin im Rahmen der World Money Fair Auktion 108: Bayern und das Haus Wittelsbach Auktion 112: Die Bibliothek des Numismatikers Prof. Dr. Peter Berghaus Auktion 116: Die Sammlung Georg Baums (Belagerung, Krieg und Frieden auf Münzen und Medaillen) Erweiterung der Räumlichkeiten auf die Lürmannstraße 44

FEBRUAR 2007

Auktion 120: Die Sammlung Hans-Wilhelm Wiebe (Brandenburg-Preußen im Spiegel der Medaillenkunst)

MÄRZ/OKTOBER 2007

Auktion 121, 130 u. 137: The De Wit Collection of Medieval Coins Part I – III (1000 Years of European Coinage)

Spitzenstücke der russischen Geldgeschichte

AUKTION 164 28. Januar 2010 in Berlin

JANUAR 2008 OKTOBER 2008 JANUAR 2009 MÄRZ 2009 JANUAR 2010 JUNI 2010 SEPTEMBER 2010 DEZEMBER 2010

Umwandlung von Einzelfirma in Kommanditgesellschaft Auktion 135: Die Schlesiensammlung Klaus Propp (Silesia in Nummis) Auktion 145: Sammlung der Freiherren Bonde Teil II (Schwedische Medaillen) Sohn Ulrich Künker wird Mitgesellschafter Auktion 150: Russland – Eine bedeutende Münzen- und Medaillensammlung Auktion 164: Spitzenstücke der russischen Geldgeschichte Übernahme der numismatischen Abteilung des Bankhauses Hauck & Auf häuser und Gründung der Künker Numismatik AG Auktion 176: Sammlung Siegfried Schierhorn (Hamburg und SchleswigHolstein) Dr. Andreas Kaiser wird Mitgesellschafter

MÄRZ 2011

Auktion 184: Die Talersammlung Dr. Heinz Pielsticker Auktion 185: Die Sammlung Julius Hagander (Schweden und seine Besitzungen)

JUNI 2011

40 Jahre Künker – 40 Mitarbeiter, acht internationale Standorte und Repräsentanzen: Osnabrück (Hauptsitz), Berlin, München, Hamburg, Konstanz, Zürich, Znojmo und Moskau

TEL +49 (0)541 96 20 20, FAX +49 (0)541 96 20 222, SERVICE@KUENKER.DE, WWW.KUENKER.DE

11


Was ist für Ihre schriftliche Auktionsteilnahme besonders wichtig?

DEUTSCH

• Bitte senden Sie uns Ihre Aufträge möglichst frühzeitig zu. Wenn uns Ihr Auftrag erst kurz vor der Auktion erreicht, können sich bei der Bearbeitung Fehler einschleichen. Das beiliegende Formular erleichtert Ihnen die Abgabe eines schriftlichen Gebots. Gerne nehmen wir Ihre Gebote per Post, Fax oder Email entgegen. • Wenn Sie noch nicht bei uns gekauft haben, bitten wir Sie, uns als Referenz eine Münzhandlung anzugeben, mit der Sie bereits in Geschäftsverbindung stehen. • Wir gewährleisten die Echtheit aller verkauften Objekte auch über die gesetzliche Frist hinaus.

Sie möchten telefonisch an der Auktion teilnehmen? Die telefonische Teilnahme an der Auktion ist bei uns selbstverständlich möglich. Wir rufen Sie während der Auktion gerne an und helfen Ihnen, die gewünschten Stücke zu ersteigern. Aus organisatorischen Gründen bitten wir Sie, die folgenden Punkte zu beachten:

Ulrich Künker Leiter Kundenbetreuung

• Telefonisches Bieten ist nur bei Losen mit einer Taxe von mind. € 500,– möglich. • Bitte teilen Sie uns mindestens 48 Stunden vor der Auktion mit, zu welchen Stücken Sie angerufen werden möchten. • Bitte achten Sie darauf, dass Sie erreichbar sind, wenn Ihre Stücke versteigert werden. Der Zeitplan in diesem Katalog hilft Ihnen dabei, den Zeitpunkt der Versteigerung abzuschätzen. • Für den Fall, dass wir Sie nicht erreichen können, bieten wir in Ihrem Namen bis zur Höhe Ihres schriftlichen Gebotes, mindestens aber bis zur Höhe des Schätzpreises. • Bitte beachten Sie, dass telefonisches Bieten eine unsichere Variante der Auktionsteilnahme sein kann. Wir können keine Garantie für das Zustandekommen der telefonischen Verbindung übernehmen. Wenn Sie sicher gehen wollen, besuchen Sie bitte unsere Auktion persönlich oder geben Sie uns ein schriftliches Gebot.

Was passiert nach der Auktion? Barbara Westmeyer deutschsprachige Kundenbetreuung

Telefon: +49 (0)541 96 20 20 Fax: +49 (0)541 96 20 222 Gebührenfrei: 0800 58 36 537 E-Mail: service@kuenker.de Internet: www.kuenker.de Montag – Donnerstag 8.30 – 17.00 Uhr Freitag 8.00 – 15.30 Uhr

12

• Der Versand der Auktionsware startet sofort nach Beendigung der Auktion und dauert in der Regel 8 Tage. • Alle Kunden, die an unserer Auktion schriftlich teilgenommen haben, erhalten innerhalb von 2 Wochen nach der Auktion unsere Ergebnisliste gratis. • Alle Ergebnisse sind spätestens einen Tag nach Auktionsende auf unserer Internetseite verfügbar.

Sie möchten Ihre Münzen in unsere Auktion einliefern? Sollten Sie sich zum Verkauf Ihrer Münzen entschlossen haben, kommen Sie zu uns. Seit 1985 beweisen wir mit derzeit 4 Auktionsterminen und ca. 15 Katalogen pro Jahr unsere Kompetenz und Zuverlässigkeit. Wichtige Informationen für Sie im Überblick: • Ihre Münzen werden von unseren Experten nach neuestem numismatischem Standard bestimmt und in hochwertigen Farbkatalogen präsentiert. • Wir verfügen mit mehr als 10.000 Kunden über eine der besten Kundendateien weltweit. Im Durchschnitt verkaufen wir mehr als 95 % der Stücke einer Auktion, nicht selten erzielen wir dabei Rekordzuschläge. Für nicht verkaufte Objekte werden keine Gebühren erhoben. • Ab der Übergabe an uns sind Ihre Münzen mit dem doppelten Schätzwert versichert. Unsere Kundenbetreuung bespricht gerne mit Ihnen wie Ihre Stücke sicher zu uns gelangen können. • Ihre Einlieferung wird Ihnen sofort nach der Übernahme quittiert. Spätestens 5 Wochen vor der Auktion erhalten Sie eine Auflistung Ihrer Stücke inkl. Katalognummern und Schätzpreisen. • Unmittelbar nach der Auktion erhalten Sie die Ergebnisliste und können dann alle erzielten Preise feststellen. Den Auktionserlös erhalten Sie innerhalb von 45 Tagen nach der Auktion.

TEL +49 (0)541 96 20 20, FAX +49 (0)541 96 20 222, SERVICE@KUENKER.DE, WWW.KUENKER.DE


Important facts for a written participation in the auction • Please send us your instructions as early as possible. The likelihood of errors occurring increases if we receive your instructions only shortly before the auction. The enclosed form should make it simple for you to submit a written bid, you may send your bids by mail, fax or e-mail. • If you are a new customer who has not yet purchased from us, we do request references. Please name a coin dealer with whom you have already done business. • The genuineness of all objects sold is warranted beyond the statutory length of time.

ENGLISH

Do you wish to participate by telephone? You are welcome to participate in our auction by telephone. We are glad to call you during the auction and to assist you in bidding for your items. Please take notice of the following conditions: • Telephone bidding is accepted exclusively on lot numbers with estimates at 500 Euro or above. • Please inform us at least 48 hours in advance if you wish to register for telephone bidding, even for single lots. We do need 48 hours to schedule all incoming requests. • Please be available, when your lots will be sold. The time schedule in the catalogue will help you to estimate the approximate time when your items are going to be sold. • Should you not be available by phone, we will bid on your behalf up to your submitted written limit or at least up to the estimate of the lot for which you requested to be called. • Please be aware that telephone bidding is a risky way of participation in our auction. We do not assume liability should the telephone line be interrupted or not be achieved. We advise you to attend the auction in person or to send written bids.

Nadine Zuber English, Deutsch

What occurs after the auction? • The shipment of all auction goods starts immediately after the completion of the entire auction week and it usually takes 8 days to be completed. • All auction results are available on our website one day after the end of the auction week. • All clients who submitted bids for the auction will automatically receive the list of auction results free of charge within two weeks after the end of auction.

Do you wish to consign your coins to our auction? Should you decide to sell your coins, we are ready to assist you. Since 1985 we have earned our bona fides in conducting over 4 auctions and in publishing 15 catalogues per year. In the following you will find the most important information on consigning: • We guarantee the professional handling of your consignment following the latest numismatic level of expertise including its presentation in colour catalogues of outstanding quality. • We possess one of the best customer lists worldwide. On average we sell more than 95 % of all items in our auction, and it is not unusual for us to achieve record hammer prices for lots submitted. Unsold items incur no fees. • Once the coins are consigned they are covered by our insurance at double the estimate. Upon consultation with our customer service we try to advise you on the safest way of shipping for your coins. • Your delivery will be confirmed in writing immediately on receipt. At least five weeks before the auction, you will receive an exact list of your objects with the relevant catalogue numbers and descriptions. • Within a week of the end of auction, you will receive a list of auction results in order to see what prices were reached for each individual lot. As a consignor, you will receive the auction proceeds within 45 days after the end of auction.

Marion Künker English, Deutsch

Phone: +49 (0)541 96 20 20 Fax: +49 (0)541 96 20 222 E-Mail: service@kuenker.de Website: www.kuenker.com Monday –Thursday 8.30 AM – 5 PM Friday 8 AM – 3.30 PM

TEL +49 (0)541 96 20 20, FAX +49 (0)541 96 20 222, SERVICE@KUENKER.DE, WWW.KUENKER.DE

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Votre participation par écrit – Les points essentiels

FRANCAIS

• Veuillez nous faire parvenir vos ordres le plus tôt possible. Si vos ordres nous parviennent juste avant la vente aux enchères, des erreurs risquent d’être commises lors de leur traitement. Le formulaire ci-joint vous aidera à rédiger facilement votre offre. Vous pouvez nous envoyer vos ordres par la poste, par fax ou par e-mail. • Si vous n’avez encore fait aucune acquisition chez nous, nous vous prions de nous indiquer une ou deux références d’autres maisons numismatiques où vous avez déjà acheté. • L’authenticité des pièces vendues est garantie même au-delà des délais légaux.

Vous voulez participer par téléphone? La participation par téléphone est bien sûr possible. Nous vous appelons volontiers pour vous aider à acquérir les pièces voulues. Pour des raisons d´organisation veuillez noter les points suivants:

Alexandra Elflein, M. A. Français, Deutsch, English, Italiano

• La participation par téléphone est possible seulement pour les lots estimé à plus de 500 Euros chacun. • Veuillez nous informer au moins 48 heures avant la vente de la liste des pièces pour lesquelles vous voudriez être appelé. • Veuillez prendre soin d´être joignable quand vos pièces seront mises en vente. L’ordre de vente dans ce catalogue vous aidera à estimer l´heure de la vente. • Dans le cas où nous ne parviendrions pas à vous joindre, nous enchérirons pour vous jusqu’au montant que vous nous indiquez par écrit, égal ou supérieur au prix d’estimation. • La participation par téléphone présente des risques, et nous déclinons toute responsabilité dans le cas où la communication téléphonique serait interrompue, ou bien ne pourrait être établie.

Ce qui se passe après la vente Kmar Chachoua Français, Deutsch, English, Arabic

Tél. +49 (0)541 96 20 20 Facs. +49 (0)541 96 20 222 E-Mail: service@kuenker.de Site: www.kuenker.de Lundi à Jeudi de 8h30 à 17h00 Vendredi de 8h00 à 15h30

14

• L´expédition des biens va commencer immédiatement après la fin de la vente complète, et prend généralement 8 jours. • Tous les clients qui ont participé à l’une de nos ventes aux enchères recevront gratuitement une liste de résultats dans les deux semaines qui suivent. • Les résultats seront disponibles sur notre site internet, au plus tard un jour après la fin de la vente.

Vous voulez confier vos monnaies pour nos ventes aux enchères? Contactez nous si vous envisagez de vendre vos pièces. Notre compétence et fiabilité est prouvée depuis 1985 par actuellement 4 ventes aux enchères et environ 15 catalogues par an. Le plus important pour vous est que: • Vos pièces seront décrites par notre équipe d’experts selon les standards numismatiques les plus récents, et elles seront présentées dans des catalogues de haute qualité en couleurs. • Nous avons un des meilleurs fichiers-clientèle du monde avec plus de 10.000 clients. Nous vendons en moyenne plus de 95% de la vente aux enchères, et obtenons souvent des prix records. Les monnaies invendues n’encourent aucun frais. • Notre service clientèle est disponible pour vous conseiller pour l’envoi de vos pièces, et dès leur réception vos pièces seront assurées pour le double de la valeur d´estimation. • Vous recevrez une liste détaillée des pièces fournies au moment de la prise en charge puis, au plus tard cinq semaines avant la vente aux enchères, vous recevrez leur liste exacte avec les numéros de catalogue correspondants. • Immédiatement après la vente aux enchères, vous recevrez la liste des résultats et pourrez prendre connaissance des prix obtenus. Vous recevrez le produit de la vente dans les 45 jours après les enchères.

TEL +49 (0)541 96 20 20, FAX +49 (0)541 96 20 222, SERVICE@KUENKER.DE, WWW.KUENKER.DE


I punti piú importanti per la Sua partecipazione per iscritto • La preghiamo di farci pervenire i Suoi ordini al piú presto possibile. Se i Suoi ordini ci arrivano poco prima dell´inizio dell´asta possono verificarsi errori. Il formulario allegato Le faciliterá l´invio dei Suoi ordini per iscritto. Ci puó far pervenire i Suoi ordini per posta, per fax o per email. • Se non ha mai acquistato presso di noi, La preghiamo di volerci indicare a titolo di referenza il nome di uno o due commercianti numismatici presso i quali è giá cliente. • L’autenticità di tutti gli oggetti venduti viene garantita anche oltre i termini previsti dalla legge.

ITALIANO

Desidera partecipare telefonicamente alla nostra asta? La partecipazione telefonica è naturalmente da noi possibile. La chiameremo durante l´asta e La assisteremo volentieri per ottenere l´aggiudicazione dei pezzi desiderati. Per motivi di organizzazione La preghiamo di voler tenere conto dei seguenti punti: • La partecipazione telefonica è possibile solo per lotti stimati con almeno 500,– € l´uno. • La preghiamo di volerci comunicare almeno 48 ore prima dell´inizio dell´asta per quali pezzi desidera essere chiamato. • La preghiamo di aver cura di essere raggiungibile telefonicamente al momento in cui vengono messi all´asta i pezzi che Le interessano. Lo schema orario in catalogo La aiuterá a stimare a che ora verranno messi all´asta i pezzi che Le interessano. • Nel caso in cui non riuscissimo a contattarLa telefonicamente, provvederemo ad offrire a Suo nome fine all´importo massimo indicatoci per iscritto, in ogni caso offriremo a Suo nome come minimo il prezzo di stima. • La partecipazione telefonica è un modo incerto di partecipare alle aste. Non assumiamo nessuna responsabilità se per esempio la linea telefonica è occupata o interrotta o se Lei non sará raggiungibile per altri motivi.

Sonia Russo, M. A. Italiano, Deutsch, English, Español

Cosa succede dopo l´asta? • La spedizione del materiale d´asta comincia subito dopo la fine dell´intera asta e termina normalmente entro 8 giorni. • Tutti i clienti che hanno partecipato all´asta ricevono entro 2 settimane dopo l´asta la lista dei prezzi di realizzo. • I prezzi di realizzo sono visionabili sul nostro sito internet al piú tardi un giorno dopo la fine dell´intera asta.

Vuole consegnarci le Sue monete per una nostra asta? Ci contatti se ha deciso di vendere le Sue monete. Dal 1985 la nostra competenza ed affidabilità è dimostrata da attualmente 4 aste e circa 15 cataloghi all´anno. Quali sono i punti di maggior importanza per Lei:

Cristina Welzel Italiano, Deutsch, English, Français

Tel.: +49 (0)541 96 20 20 Fax: +49 (0)541 96 20 222 E-Mail: service@kuenker.de Internet: www.kuenker.de Lunedì a giovedì dalle 8.30 alle 17.00 Venerdì dalle 8.00 alle 15.30

• Le Sue monete vengono valutate dal nostro staff di esperti secondo i piú attuali standard numismatici e vengono presentati in cataloghi di alto valore a colori. • Con piú di 10.000 clienti disponiamo di una delle migliori banca dati clienti del mondo. In media vendiamo oltre il 95% del materiale d´asta realizzando spesso prezzi da record. Per i pezzi invenduti non ci sono nessune spese da pagare. • Dal momento della consegna le Sue monete sono assicurate per il doppio del valore di stima. Il nostro servizio clientela Le consiglierá volentieri come farci avere le Sue monete nel modo piú sicuro. • La Sua consegna Le verrá immediatamente quietanzata al momento della resa dei pezzi. Al piú tardi 5 settimane prima dell´asta riceverá una lista dettagliata dei Suoi pezzi con i numeri di catalogo ed i prezzi di stima. • Subito dopo l´asta riceverá la lista con i risultati d´asta dalla quale potrá subito controllare i prezzi realizzati. Riceverá l´importo di realizzo entro 45 giorni dopo la fine dell´asta.

TEL +49 (0)541 96 20 20, FAX +49 (0)541 96 20 222, SERVICE@KUENKER.DE, WWW.KUENKER.DE

15


Что особенно важно при заочном участии на аукционе?

RUSSKIJ

• Тщательно изучите наш каталог и запишите те лоты, которые Вас заинтересовали. Заполните приложенный формуляр и отправьте нам его заранее по почте, факсу или электронной почте. Мы обращаем внимание на то, что если Ваши ставки придут перед самым началом аукциона либо во время аукциона, то существует вероятность допуска ошибки в процессе обработки заказа. • Если Вы впервые принимаете участие в нашем аукционе, то мы рекомендуем Вам указать Ваш референц – аукционные дома, с которыми Вы уже сотрудничали. Или свяжитесь с нами по телефону +49(0)541 9620268. • Подлинность купленных на нашем аукционе лотов гарантируется нами на протяжении неограниченного времени.

Вы хотели бы принять участие на аукционе по телефону? У нас, конечно, есть возможность организовать Ваше телефонное участие на торгах, но мы бы хотели обратить внимание на следующие пункты: Anastasija Koepsell Russkij, Deutsch

• Участие в телефонных торгах возможно только для лотов со стартовой ценой свыше 500 евро. • Для участия в торгах по телефону просим Вас связаться с нами не позднее 48 часов до начала аукциона. • Мы хотим подчеркнуть, что телефонное участие на аукционе – не самый безопасный способ: в случае плохой связи, недоступности клиента во время торгов либо других технических проблем мы не несем ответственности.

Что происходит после окончания аукциона?

Dzmitry Nikulin Russkij, Deutsch, English

Телефон: +49 (0)541 96 20 20 Факс: +49 (0)541 96 20 222 E-Mail: service@kuenker.de интернет: www.kuenker.de понедельник – четверг 8.30 – 17.00 пятница 8 – 15.30

16

• Результаты аукционов доступны на нашем сайте на следующий день после окончания торгов. • Вы можете лично забрать приобретенные лоты. По окончании торгов мы готовим все необходимые документы на вывоз из Евросоюза. • Почтовые отправки в Россию ( Беларусь, Украину ) осуществляются по предварительной договоренности. Для связи с нами звоните по телефону +49 (0)541 9620268.

Вы хотели бы выставить Ваши предметы на аукцион? Более 160-ти успешно проведенных аукционов, тысячи участников, 4 аукциона в год - эти и другие преимущества, которые говорят в пользу выставления Ваших коллекций на аукцион Кюнкер: • Ваши монеты будут оценены нашими экспертами по самым новым нумизматическим стандартам и представлены в высококачественном цветном каталоге. • Более 10000 клиентов со всего мира оказывают нам свое доверие. В среднем мы продаем более 95% всех выставляемых предметов, при этом зачастую достигая рекордных сумм. • Все Ваши предметы, после передачи их нам, хранятся у нас до начала аукциона застрахованными. Не позднее 5-ти недель до начала аукциона Вы получите по почте подробное описание Ваших лотов с указаннами номерами в каталоге, а также их оценочной стоимостью. • Результаты аукционов также будут высланы Вам по почте после окончания торгов. В течение 45 дней после аукциона Вам будет выплачено Ваше вознаграждение.

TEL +49 (0)541 96 20 20, FAX +49 (0)541 96 20 222, SERVICE@KUENKER.DE, WWW.KUENKER.DE


Zeitplan/Timetable Auktion 188 Münzen und Medaillen aus Mittelalter und Neuzeit Bedeutende Sammlung Osnabrück

Montag, 20. Juni 2011 10.00 Uhr - 13.00 Uhr Nr. 1 bis Nr. 574 Europa, Übersee, Sammlung Meyer-Coloniensis 14.00 Uhr - 18.00 Uhr Nr. 575 bis Nr. 1307 Habsburgische Erblande, Altdeutschland

Auktion 189 Die Sachsensammlung Gerhart Rother

Dienstag, 21. Juni 2011 09.30 Uhr - 13.00 Uhr Nr. 1501 bis Nr. 2244 Sachsen: Markgrafschaft Meißen, Landesherrschaft Oberlausitz, Askanier als Herzöge von Sachsen, Kurfürstentum Sachsen: Friedrich I. - Friedrich August II. 14.00 Uhr - 16.00 Uhr Nr. 2245 bis Nr. 2615 Kurfürstentum und Königreich Sachsen: Friedrich Christian - Friedrich August III., sächsische Städte, Freistaat Sachsen, Miscellanea, BRD, sächsische Orden und Auszeichnungen

Auktion 190 Französische Münzen Eine bedeutende Sammlung aus Privatbesitz

16.00 Uhr - 19.00 Uhr Nr. 3001 bis Nr. 3594 Karolinger, Königreich Frankreich: Kapetinger, Haus Valois, Haus Valois-Orléans, Haus ValoisAngoulême, Bourbonen, Erste Republik, Restauration der Bourbonen

Mittwoch, 22. Juni 2011 09.30 Uhr - 13.00 Uhr Nr. 3595 bis Nr. 4486 Haus Orléans (Bürgerkönigtum) - 5. Republik, Feodales, Elsaß, Lothringen, Kolonien

Auktion 191 Geprägtes Gold aus drei Jahrtausenden

14.00 Uhr - 18.00 Uhr Nr. 5001 bis Nr. 5771

Donnerstag, 23. Juni 2011 Deutsche Münzen ab 1871 Auktion 192 Russische Münzen und Medaillen Orden und Ehrenzeichen mit interessanten Serien aus Privatbesitz

09.30 Uhr - 13.00 Uhr Nr. 6001 bis Nr. 6853 14.00 Uhr - 18.30 Uhr Nr. 7001 bis Nr. 7727

Freitag, 24. Juni 2011 09.30 Uhr - 13.00 Uhr Nr. 8001 bis Nr. 8699 Deutsche Staaten, Heiliges Römisches Reich Deutscher Nation, Deutsches Reich, Weimarer Republik, Drittes Reich, DDR, BRD, Phaleristische Literatur, Europa: Belgien - Portugal 14.00 Uhr - 16.00 Uhr Nr. 8700 bis Nr. 9077 Europa: Rumänien - Kirchenstaat, Übersee

17


INHALT AUKTION 192 Nr. RUSSISCHE MÜNZEN UND MEDAILLEN

7001

-

7727

24

-

130

Kaiserreich

7001

-

7610

24

-

115

Großfürst Wasili III. Wasiliewitsch, 1425-1462 Eine Denga des Großfürsten Wasili III. Wasiliewitsch Zar Wladislaw Sigismundowitsch von Polen, 1610-1613 Eine Goldkopeke des Zaren Wladislaw Sigmundowitsch Zar Peter I., der Große, 1682-1725 Zwei Goldmünzen des Zaren Peter I. Silbermünzen des Moskauer Münzhofes Kadashevsky Silbermünzen des Roten Münzhofes in Moskau Ein Sonnenrubel der Münzstätte St. Petersburg Kupfermünzen des Zaren Peter I. Medaillen des Zaren Peter I.

7001

24

7001

24

7002

24

7002

24

7003 7003

-

7044 7004

24

-

32 24

7005

-

7022

24

-

27

7023

-

7033

28

-

29

7035 7040

-

7034 7039 7044

29 31

-

29 30 32

7045

-

7052

32

-

33

7045

-

7048

32

-

33

7049

-

7052

7053

-

7063

7053

-

7055

7056

-

7062

34

-

35

7064

-

7063 7087

36

-

35 40

7064

-

7079

36 -

38

7080 7085

-

7084 7086 7087

38 39

39 40 40

Zar Ivan III., 1740-1741 Ein Grivennik des Roten Münzhofes in Moskau Ein 1/2 Rubel der Münzstätte St. Petersburg

7088

-

7089

40

7088

40

7089

40

Zarin Elisabeth, 1741-1761 Goldmünzen des Roten Münzhofes in Moskau Ein goldener Doppelrubel der Münzstätte St. Petersburg Silbermünzen des Roten Münzhofes in Moskau Silbermünzen der Münzstätte St. Petersburg

7090

-

7148

40

-

48

7090

-

7100

40

-

41

Zarin Katharina I., 1725-1727 Silbermünzen des Roten Münzhofes in Moskau Silbermünzen der Münzstätte St. Petersburg Zar Peter II., 1727-1730 Silbermünzen des Roten Münzhofes in Moskau Silbermünzen des Moskauer Münzhofes Kadashevsky Eine Kupferkopeke des Moskauer Münzhofes Kadashevsky Zarin Anna, 1730-1740 Silbermünzen des Moskauer Münzhofes Kadashevsky Silbermünzen des Roten Münzhofes in Moskau Zwei Rubel der Münzstätte St. Petersburg Ein Silberjeton der Zarin Anna

18

Seite

33 34

-

35 34

-

7101

41

7102

-

7120

42

-

44

7121

-

7140

44

-

47


Nr. Kupfermünzen der Zarin Elisabeth Prägungen für Livland und Estland Prägungen für Ostpreußen Zar Peter III., 1762 Ein 10 Rubel-Stück aus der Münzstätte St. Petersburg Silbermünzen des Roten Münzhofes in Moskau Silbermünzen der Münzstätte St. Petersburg Kupfermünzen des Zaren Peter III. Zarin Katharina II., 1762-1796 Goldmünzen der Zarin Katharina II. Silbermünzen des Roten Münzhofes in Moskau Silbermünzen der Münzstätte St. Petersburg Kupfermünzen der Zarin Katharina II. Kupferprägungen für Sibirien Eine Kupferprägung für Moldawien und Walachei Medaillen der Zarin Katharina II. Zar Paul I., 1796-1801 Ein 5 Rubel-Stück der Münzstätte St. Petersburg Silbermünzen der Münzstätte St. Petersburg Kupfermünzen des Zaren Paul I. Medaillen des Zaren Paul I. Zar Alexander I., 1801-1825 Ein 10 Rubel-Stück des Zaren Alexander I. aus der Münzstätte St. Petersburg Silbermünzen der Münzstätte St. Petersburg Kupfermünzen Münzstätte Ekaterinburg Prägungen für Georgien Eine Goldprägung für Polen Medaillen des Zaren Alexander I. Zar Nikolaus I., 1825-1855 Goldmünzen des Zaren Nikolaus I. Platinmünzen des Zaren Nikolaus I. Silbermünzen der Münzstätte St. Petersburg Silbermünzen der Münzstätte Warschau Kupfermünzen des Zaren Nikolaus I. Gedenkmünzen des Zaren Nikolaus I. Eine Kupferprobe der Münzstätte St Petersburg Prägungen für Polen Medaillen des Zaren Nikolaus I. Zar Alexander II., 1855-1881 Goldmünzen des Zaren Alexander II. Silbermünzen des Zaren Alexander II. Prägungen für Polen

Seite

7141 7145 7147 -

7144 7146 7148

47

-

48 48 48

7149

7156

49

-

51

-

7149

49

7150

-

7151

49

-

50

7152 7155

-

7154 7156

7157 7157

-

7217 7163

51 51

-

60 52

7164

-

7168

52

-

53

7169 7198 7208

-

7197 7207 7213

53 57

-

57 58 59

7215

-

7214 7217

7218

-

7238

50 51

60 60 61

-

7218

64 61

7219 7234 7236

-

7233 7235 7238

61

-

63 63 64

7239

-

7294

64

-

72

7239 7240 7274 7285

-

64

7288

-

7273 7284 7286 7287 7294

65 69

-

71

-

68 70 70 70 72

7295 7295 7304

-

7425 7303 7314

72 72 73

-

89 73 75

7315 7378 7380 7390

-

7377 7379 7389 7394

75

-

82 83

-

82 82 83 84

7396 7416

-

7395 7415 7425

85 87

-

84 87 89

7426 7426 7441 7470

-

7490 7440 7469 7471

90 90 92

-

98 91 94 94 19


Nr. Kupfermünzen des Zaren Alexander II. Gedenkmünzen des Zaren Alexander II. Eine Probeprägung der Münzstätte Brüssel Prägungen für Finnland Medaillen des Zaren Alexander II.

7472 7479

-

7482 7484

-

7478 7480 7481 7483 7490

Zar Alexander III., 1881-1894 Goldmünzen des Zaren Alexander III. Silbermünzen des Zaren Alexander III. Kupfermünzen des Zaren Alexander III. Gedenkmünzen des Zaren Alexander III. Prägungen für Finnland Feingewichtsbarren der Münzstätte St. Petersburg Medaillen des Zaren Alexander III.

7491 7491 7505 7528 7531 7534

-

7545 7504 7527 7530 7533 7536

7537 7539

-

7538 7545

Zar Nikolaus II., 1894-1917 Goldmünzen des Zaren Nikolaus II. Silbermünzen des Zaren Nikolaus II. Kupfermünzen des Zaren Nikolaus II. Ein 37 1/2 Rubel-Stück des Zaren Nikolaus II. aus der Münzstätte St. Petersburg Gedenkmünzen des Zaren Nikolaus II. Prägungen für Finnland Medaillen des Zaren Nikolaus II.

7546 7546 7560 7581

-

7610 7559 7580 7586

7588 7600 7605

-

7587 7599 7604 7610

Sowjetunion, 1917-1991

7611

-

Russische Republik seit 1992

7668

Lots und Sammlungen russischer Münzen und Medaillen ORDEN UND EHRENZEICHEN Deutsche Staaten Anhalt Baden Bayern Braunschweig Frankfurt Fürstenberg Hannover Freie Hansestädte Hessen Hohenzollern Lippe, Schaumburg-Lippe Mecklenburg-Schwerin Oldenburg Preußen Reuß Sachsen, sächsische Herzogtümer Schleswig-Holstein Waldeck und Pyrmont Württemberg Würzburg Heiliges Römisches Reich Deutscher Nation (bis 1806) 20

Seite 95 95 96 96 98

96

-

98 98 100

-

104

-

106 106 107

-

112

-

114

-

111 113 114 115

7667

116

-

123

-

7707

123

-

128

7708

-

7727

8001 8001

-

8002 8026 8063 8070

-

8075

-

8080

-

8102 8105 8108 8137 8213 8218 8254 8257 8259

-

9077 8281 8001 8025 8062 8069 8073 8074 8078 8079 8099 8101 8104 8107 8136 8212 8217 8253 8256 8258 8280 8281 8282

105 100 102 103 103 103 103 105 115 107 110 110

129 131 131

-

131 136 141 142

-

143

-

147

-

149 154

-

164

-

172

-

344 177 131 136 141 142 143 143 143 143 147 147 148 148 154 164 164 171 171 171 177 177 178


Nr.

Seite

Deutsches Reich 1871-1918

8283

-

8288

Weimarer Republik 1919-1933 Drittes Reich 1933-1945

8289 8302

-

8301 8320

Deutsche Demokratische Republik, 1949-1990

8321

-

8323

8324 8324

-

8332

-

178 178 181

-

180 183 183

Bundesrepublik Deutschland seit 1949 Verdienstorden Mecklenburg-Vorpommern Niedersachsen Nordrhein-Westfalen Rheinland-Pfalz Sachsen Unbekannte Orden und Ehrenzeichen Miniaturen Ordenschnallen Miniaturenschnallen und -kettchen Konvolute Phaleristische Literatur

8337

-

8340 8398 8415 8421

-

8423 8330 8331 8333 8334 8335 8336 8338 8339 8397 8414 8420 8423

184 184

-

187 200 203

-

204 185 186 186 186 186 186 186 187 200 203 204 204

Erster Weltkrieg Konvolute-International

8424 8428

-

8427 8433

205 205

Miniaturen-International

8434

-

8436

206

Unbekannte Auszeichnungen Belgien

8438

-

8437 8460

-

206 210

211

-

210 212

207

Bosnien und Herzegowina Bulgarien

8462

-

8461 8470

Dänemark Estland

8471 8480

-

8479 8481

213

-

214 214

Finnland

8482

-

8497

215

-

217

Frankreich Erstes Kaiserreich (1804-1814/1815) Königreich (Zweite Restauration 1815-1830) Zweites Kaiserreich (1852-1870) Dritte Republik (1870-1940) Vierte Republik (1946-1958) Fünfte Republik (seit 1958) Dritte bis Fünfte Republik (seit 1870)

8498

-

8561 8498

218

-

229 218

8499 8509 8513 8531 8534 8537

-

8508 8512 8530 8533 8536 8561

218

-

221

-

225

-

219 220 224 224 225 229

8562

-

8563

-

8564 8562 8564

Griechenland Zweites Königreich (1863-1924) Drittes Königreich (1935-1973)

230 230 230

Vereinigtes Königreich von Großbritannien und Nordirland

8565

-

8586

Internationale und Gesellschaftsorden

8587

-

8589

235

8591

-

8590 8593

235 236

8594 8594 8600

-

8623 8599 8617

8618 8620

-

8619 8623

Irland Island Italien Herzogtum Modena (bis 1861) Königreich (1841-1946) Königliche Familie der Herzöge von Savoyen (seit 1946) Republik (seit 1946)

231

237 237 239

244

-

234

-

245 238 243

-

243 245 21


Nr. Lettland

8624

-

8627

Luxemburg Souveräner Malteser Ritterorden

8628 8639

-

8638 8650

245 246 248

-

247 251

Monaco

8651

251

Montenegro

8652

251 252

Niederlande

8653

-

8657

Norwegen

8658

-

8667

253

-

254

Österreich Kaiserreich (1804-1918) Königreich Böhmen innerhalb des Kaiserreichs Erste Republik (1918-1934) und Ständestaat (1934-1938)

8668 8668

-

8682 8680

255 255

-

257 257

Polen Portugal Königreich (bis 1910) Republik (seit 1910)

8683 8689 8689 8698

-

8688 8699 8697 8699

258 261 261

-

261 264 263 264

Rumänien Königreich (1881-1947) Sozialistische Republik (1965-1989)

8700 8700

-

8714 8713 8714

265 265

-

267 267 267

Russland Zarentum (bis 1917) Provisorische russische Regierung (1917-1918) Russischer Bürgerkrieg (1918-1922) Georgische Legion Exil Sowjetunion Russisch-Orthodoxes Patriarchat von Moskau

8715 8715

-

8806 8794

268 268

-

280 278

8798 8802

-

8795 8796 8797 8801 8803

-

279 279 279 279 280

8804

-

8806

San Marino Schweden

8807 8812

-

8811 8873

8875

-

8874 8882

8875

-

8878

8879

-

8882

8883

-

8903

296

-

303

8883 8885

-

8884 8898

297

-

296 301

8899

-

8902 8903

301

-

Schweiz Serbien und Jugoslawien Fürstentum und Königreich (1817/1867-1918) Jugoslawien, Föderalistische Volksrepublik (1945-1963) Spanien Drittes Königreich, Regierung Isabellas II. (1833/1843-1868) Fünftes Königreich (1874-1931) Spanischer Staat Regierung von Francisco Franco (1936-1975) Sechstes Königreich (seit 1975)

22

Seite

8681

257

8682

257

Tschechoslowakei Ukraine

8905

-

8904 8906

Ungarn Königreich (1922-1944) Volksrepublik (1949-1989)

8907 8907 8909

-

8910 8908 8910

279

280 280 282

-

281 293

293

-

293 295

293

-

294 295

303

-

302 303 303 304 304 304 304


Nr. Kirchenstaat, heiliger Stuhl und Vatikan Ägypten Königreich (1923-1953) Republik (seit 1953)

8911 8983 8983 8985

-

Äquatorial-Guinea Äthiopien

8988

-

Afghanistan Bénin (-Dahomey) Brasilien Kaiserreich (1822-1889) Föderative Republik (seit 1891)

8994 8994 8999

-

Burundi

Seite 8982 8986 8984 8986

305 319

-

318 320 319 320

8987

320

8991

321

8992 8993

322 322

9002 8998 9002

323 323 324

-

9003

325 324 325 325

Chile Elfenbeinküste

9004 9007

-

9006 9011

325 326

-

326 327

Indien

9012

-

9013

327 328 330

Irak Japan

9015

-

9014 9024

Jordanien Kambodscha

9025 9027

-

9026 9028

331 331

Kolumbien Kongo

9029

-

9030 9031

332 332

Korea Kuba

9032 9033

332 333

Laos Libanon

333 334

Nepal Niger

9035

-

9037

334

9038 9041

-

9040 9042

334 334

-

9043 9055

335 338

9044

Syrien Thailand

-

9034 9036

Manchukuo Marokko Mongolei

328

333

335

-

-

9056 9057

-

Tschad

9060

339 339

-

340

9061

340 341 342

Türkei Tunesien

9062 9068

-

9067 9070

Venezuela

9071

-

9072

342

-

343

Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika (U. S. A.)

9073

-

9077

343

-

344

Ein Stichwortverzeichnis finden Sie am Ende des Auktionskataloges 188.

23


WASILI III. WASILIEWITSCH

4755+5%*'/ª0<'070&/'&#+..'0

1,5:1

7001

1,5:1

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7002 2:1

2:1

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7003

2:1

2:1

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7004

2:1



24

2:1

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7005

7006

7007

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7008

7009

7010



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25


PETER I.

7011

7012

7013



4WDGN  M[TKNNKUEJ  /QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX 5GJTUEJÌP 



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7014

7015



7016



4WDGN  M[TKNNKUEJ  /QUMCW /ÒP\JQH -CFCUJGXUM[  I $KVMKP  XCT &CX    &KCMQXXCT 5EJÌPpUGJTUEJÌP



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26



  


PETER I.

7017

7018

7019



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7020

7021

7021



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7022 1,5:1



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PETER I.

7023

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7024

7024 1,5:1



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7025

7026



7027



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28


PETER I.

7028

7029

7030



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7032 7033

7031



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7035

7034

7034

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  29


PETER I.

7036

1,5:1

1,5:1



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7037

1,5:1



1,5:1

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7038



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7039

1,5:1



30

1,5:1

-W-QRGMG $CTVMQRGMG  M[TKNNKUEJ /QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I/KV)GIGPUVGORGN CWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG)GMTÌPVGT&QRRGNCFNGT$KVMKP 4 &KCMQXp  5GJTUGNVGPDGUQPFGTUKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI1TKIKPCNRT·IWPIHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ




PETER I.

7040

/GFCKNNGPFGU<CTGP2GVGT+ 

1XCNG<KPPOGFCKNNGOKV5KIPCVWT+ÛP UR·VGTG2T·IWPIFGU,CJTJWPFGTVU CWHFKG'TDCWWPI WPF FKG $GHGUVKIWPI FGU *CHGPU XQP 6CICPTQI FWTEJ-CRKV·P/CVYG[5KOQPVQHH)GJCTPKUEJVGU$TWUV DKNF T OKV .QTDGGTMTCP\ WPF WOIGNGIVGO /CPVGN6QRQITCRJKUEJGT 2NCP FGU *CHGP ÒDGT FGO QHHGPGP   /GGTZOOI&KCMQX FQTVKP5KNDGT  8QT\ÒINKEJ



7042

7041



7041

$TQP\GOGFCKNNG  XQP 6 +YCPQHH WPF OKV 5KIPCVWT / - XGTOWVNKEJ UR·VGTG 2T·IWPI FGU    ,CJTJWPFGTVU CWHFKG'TQDGTWPIXQP4KICCO,WNK)GJCTPKUEJVGU$TWUVDKNFTOKV.QTDGGTMTCP\WPF WOIGNGIVGO /CPVGN#PUKEJV FGT 5VCFV 4KIC FKG XQP TWUUKUEJGP /ÌTUGTP WPF -CPQPGP DGUEJQUUGP   YKTFOOI&KCMQX 8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



9GKNFKG5EJYGFGPDGTGKVUKO*GTDUVFKG'TQDGTWPI4KICUFWTEJFKGTWUUKUEJG#TOGGDGHÒTEJVGVGPVTQOOGNVGP UKGXQPFGPYGPKIGPKP.KXNCPFÒDTKIIGDNKGDGPGP5QNFCVGP/CPPKP4KIC\WUCOOGP#O0QXGODGT YCT FKG 5VCFV XQP TWUUKUEJGP 5QNFCVGP WO\KPIGNV WPF <CT 2GVGT DGICPP CO  0QXGODGT  RGTUÌPNKEJ FGP   $GUEJW­ OKV FGO #DHGWGTP XQP FTGK $QODGP FGPGP W C FKG 2GVGTUMKTEJG \WO 1RHGT HKGN &KG )CTPKUQP JKGNV   FGPPQEJ VCRHGT FGP 9KPVGT WPF (TÒJNKPI  FWTEJ #O  ,WPK  XGTYCPFGNVGP FKG 4WUUGP 4KIC FWTEJ FGP   $GUEJW­ OKV  $QODGP KP GKP 6TÒOOGTHGNF &GPPQEJ YGKIGTVG UKEJ FGT UEJYGFKUEJG )GPGTCNIQWXGTPGWT 0KNU   5VTQODGTIFKG5VCFVCWH\WIGDGP0CEJFGO$GUEJW­OKV$TCPFDQODGPICD5VTQODGTIUEJNKG­NKEJCO,WNK CWHWPFFWTHVGOKVFGPÒDTKIIGDNKGDGPGP5QNFCVGPCD\KGJGP  &KGCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVGFGTXQTNKGIGPFGP/GFCKNNGUKEJVDCTG5KIPCVWT/-YWTFGXQP%#1UUDCJTWPF/KMJCKN &KCMQXFGO/GFCKNNGWT/KEJCGN-WVUEJMKP\WIGUEJTKGDGPFGTXQPDKUKP5V2GVGTUDWTICTDGKVGVG&KGU KUV LGFQEJ WPOÌINKEJ FC UKEJ KP FGT 5COONWPI FGT (TGKJGTTGP $QPFG FKG YKT KO *GTDUV  XGTUVGKIGTVGP   /GFCKNNGPOKVFGT5KIPCVWT/-DGHCPFGPFKGDGTGKVUGTYQTDGPYWTFGP



5KNDGTOGFCKNNG  XQP 6 +YCPQHH XGTOWVNKEJ UR·VGTG 2T·IWPI WO   CWH FKG -CRKVWNCVKQP XQP   4GXCN JGWVG 6CNNKPP 'UVNCPF  CO  5GRVGODGT )GJCTPKUEJVGU $TWUVDKNF T OKV .QTDGGTMTCP\ WPF   WOIGNGIVGO /CPVGN#PUKEJV XQP 4GXCN CWU FGT 8QIGNRGTURGMVKXG FCTÒDGT UEJYGDV GKP )GPKWU OKV   5EJYGTVWPF5VCFVMTQPGOOI&KCMQX 4 XCT  449KP\-TCV\GTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJXQT\ÒINKEJ  31


KATHARINA I.

7043



5KNDGTOGFCKNNGWPUKIPKGTVCWHFKG8GTO·JNWPIUGKPGU5QJPGU<CTGYKVUEJ#NGZGL2GVTQYKVUEJOKV %JCTNQVVG%JTKUVKPG5QRJKG6QEJVGT.WFYKI4WFQNHUXQP$TCWPUEJYGKI9QNHGPDÒVVGN$GKFGT$TWUVDKNFGT PGDGPGKPCPFGTT(GWGTCNVCTFGTOKVFGP9CRRGPUEJKNFGPXQP4W­NCPFWPF$TCWPUEJYGKIIGUEJOÒEMV KUV FCTÒDGT \YGK KPGKPCPFGTITGKHGPFG *·PFG  OOI$TQEMOCPP&KCMQX 4  44(GKPG2CVKPCMN4CPFHGJNGT5VGORGNHGJNGTCO4CPFXQT\ÒINKEJ 

7044



$TQP\GOGFCKNNGXQP6+YCPQHH UR·VGTG2T·IWPIFGU,CJTJWPFGTVU CWHFKG9KGFGTJGTUVGNNWPI FGTÌHHGPVNKEJGP1TFPWPICO&G\GODGT)GJCTPKUEJVGU$TWUVDKNFTOKV.QTDGGTMTCP\WPFWOIGNGI VGO /CPVGN(GNUGP FCTCWH -TQPG QDGP UVTCJNGPFG 5QPPG  OO  I &KCMQX    8QT\ÒINKEJ



7046

7045

7045

<#4+0-#6*#4+0#+   32

5KNDGTOÒP\GPFGU4QVGP/ÒP\JQHGUKP/QUMCW

4WDGN/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX

(CUVUGJTUEJÌP



4WDGN/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX  #VVTCMVKXGU'ZGORNCTOKVJÒDUEJGT2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP




KATHARINA I.

7047

7048

7049



4WDGN/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX  4#VVTCMVKXGU'ZGORNCTOKVJÒDUEJGT2CVKPCHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX7\FGPKMQX  -N-TCV\GTGVYCURQTÌUGT5EJTÌVNKPIUGJTUEJÌP



'ZGORNCTFGT#WMVKQP2GWU0CEJH(TCPMHWTV0T

5KNDGTOÒP\GPFGT/ÒP\UV·VVG5V2GVGTUDWTI 

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKPXCT&CX&KCMQXXCT  9KP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTCO4CPFUGJTUEJÌP

7051

  

7050

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX 4WDGN 2QNVKPC 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX 4WDGN 2QNVKPC 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX



7052

5GJTUEJÌP 4(CUVUGJTUEJÌP 45GJTUEJÌP

   33


PETER II.

7053

7054

7055

<#42'6'4++ 5KNDGTOÒP\GPFGU4QVGP/ÒP\JQHGUKP/QUMCW 

2GVGT++4WDGN/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX (CUVUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP 4 XCT&CX&KCMQX  4(CUVUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX



7056

7057

5GJTUEJÌP

7058

5KNDGTOÒP\GPFGU/QUMCWGT/ÒP\JQHGU-CFCUJGXUM[ 

4WDGN/QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX  -N<CKPGPFGYKP\-TCV\GTUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN/QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX  (GKPG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN/QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX  9KP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP



34


PETER II.

7059



4WDGN/QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX  &WPMNG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ

7060



7062

7061



4WDGN/QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKP&CX&KCMQXXCT  *GTTNKEJG2CVKPCUGJTCVVTCMVKXGUXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT





4WDGN/QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX  -N5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN/QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX  *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCYKP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP



7063

1,5:1

1,5:1

'KPG-WRHGTMQRGMGFGU/QUMCWGT/ÒP\JQHGU-CFCUJGXUM[ 

-W-QRGMG/QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKPHHXCT&KCMQXHHXCT  5GNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI8QT\ÒINKEJ

 35


ANNA

7064

<#4+0#00# 5KNDGTOÒP\GPFGU/QUMCWGT/ÒP\JQHGU-CFCUJGXUM[ 

4WDGN/QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKP 4 XCT&CX&KCMQXXCT  4*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

ex 7065



7066



7067

4WDGN  /QUMCW /ÒP\JQH -CFCUJGXUM[  I $KVMKP  4  &CX  &KCMQX  XCT   &C\W0KMQNCWU+4WDGN 2QNVKPC 9CTUEJCW$KVMKP  5VÒEM(CUVUGJTUEJÌPWPFUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN/QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX  *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN/QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKPXCT&CX&KCMQXXCT  5GJTUEJÌP



7068

 36

4WDGN/QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKPXCT&CX&KCMQX  5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP




ANNA

7069

7070

7071



4WDGN/QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKPXCT&CX&KCMQX  -N5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN/QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKPXCT&CX&KCMQXXCT  -N-TCV\GTUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN/QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKPXCT&CX&KCMQX

7072

7073

 5GJTUEJÌP



7074



4WDGN/QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKP 4 &CX&KCMQX  44(GKPG2CVKPCYKP\-TCV\GTUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN/QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKPXCT&CX&KCMQX  (GKPG2CVKPCMN5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN/QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKP 4 &CX&KCMQXXCT  449KP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

 37


ANNA

7076

7075

7077



4WDGN/QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKPXCT&CX&KCMQXXCT  9KP\-TCV\GTXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN 2QNVKPC /QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKPXCT&KCMQXXCT  5GJTUEJÌP





4WDGN 2QNVKPC /QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKP&KCMQX  5GJTCVVTCMVKXGU'ZGORNCTOKVJÒDUEJGT2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP



7078

7080

7079



4WDGN 2QNVKPC /QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKP&KCMQX  *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCHCUVUGJTUEJÌPUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN 2QNVKPC /QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKP&KCMQX  -N2TQDKGTURWTHCUVUGJTUEJÌP



5KNDGTOÒP\GPFGU4QVGP/ÒP\JQHGUKP/QUMCW  38

4WDGN/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP&CX&KCMQXXCT  #VVTCMVKXGU'ZGORNCTOKVJGTTNKEJGT2CVKPCMN5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ




ANNA

7081

7082

7083



4WDGN/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKPNGKEJVXCT&CX&KCMQXNGKEJVXCT /KPDGTKGDGPUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKPXCT&CX&KCMQXXCT  -N2T·IGUEJY·EJGXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKPXCT&CX&KCMQX  *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP



7084



4WDGN 2QNWRQNVKPPKM /QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX  44(CUVUGJTUEJÌP

7085



7085 1,5:1

<YGK4WDGNFGT/ÒP\UV·VVG5V2GVGTUDWTI 

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 &CX&KCMQX  5GNVGPDGUQPFGTUKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI-N4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ

 39


IVAN III.

7087

7086

7086



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX

5GJTUEJÌP



5KNDGTLGVQP  WPUKIPKGTV CWH FGP (TKGFGP OKV FGT 6ÒTMGK )GMTÌPVGU $TWUVDKNF T OKV WOIGNGIVGO   /CPVGN#FNGT OKV .QTDGGTMTCP\ KO 5EJPCDGN CWH #TOCVWTGP  OO  I $KVMKP  &KCMQX    4  4*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP



'KP5KNDGTLGVQPFGT<CTKP#PPC 

7088

7089

7089

<#4+8#0+++ 'KP)TKXGPPKMFGU4QVGP/ÒP\JQHGUKP/QUMCW 

-QRGMGP )TKXGPPKM /QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX  449KP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTUEJÌPpUGJTUEJÌP



'KP4WDGNFGT/ÒP\UV·VVG5V2GVGTUDWTI 

4WDGN 2QNVKPC 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX

44(CUVUGJTUEJÌP



4WDGN/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP 4 XCT&KCMQX 4 (D  )1.&5GNVGPDGUQPFGTUKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI8QT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT



1,5:1

7090

1,5:1

<#4+0'.+5#$'6* )QNFOÒP\GPFGU4QVGP/ÒP\JQHGUKP/QUMCW 

7091

7092



4WDGN/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX 4 (D  )1.&5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX 4 (D  )1.&49KP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP



40


ELISABETH

7093

7094

7095

7096



4WDGN/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX 4 (D  )1.&5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX 4 (D  )1.&5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX 4 (D  )1.&#VVTCMVKXGU'ZGORNCTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX 4 (D  )1.&5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



7097

7098

7100

7099



4WDGN/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX 4 (D  )1.&(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX 4 (D  )1.&5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQH+P752NCUVKMJQNFGTFGT2%)5OKVFGT$GYGTVWPI:($KVMKP  4 &KCMQX 4 (D )1.&5GJTUEJÌP





 4WDGN 2QNVKPC  /QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX 4 (D )1.&5GJTUEJÌP



7101

1,5:1

1,5:1

'KPIQNFGPGT&QRRGNTWDGNFGT/ÒP\UV·VVG5V2GVGTUDWTI 

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX 4 (D  )1.&5GNVGPDGUQPFGTUKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI8QT\ÒINKEJ

 41


ELISABETH

7102

7103

7104

5KNDGTOÒP\GPFGU4QVGP/ÒP\JQHGUKP/QUMCW 

4WDGN/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKPHHXCT&CX&KCMQX

5GJTUEJÌP





4WDGN/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP&CX&KCMQXXCT  9KP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP 4 &CX&KCMQX

7105

7106

 45GJTUEJÌP



7107



4WDGN/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX  *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCMN5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTCVVTCMVKXGUHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT





4WDGN/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX  -N-TCV\GTKO(GNFFGT4ÒEMUGKVGUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX



42

5GJTUEJÌP


ELISABETH

7108

7110

7109



4WDGN/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX 4   *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX

5GJTUEJÌP





4WDGN/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX  *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCMN5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP



7111



4WDGN 2QNVKPC /QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX  4*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP

7112

7113

7114



7115



4WDGN 2QNWRQNVKPPKM /QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX  45GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





 4WDGN 2QNWRQNVKPPKM   ,CJTGU\CJN KO 5VGORGN CWU  IG·PFGTV  /QUMCW 4QVGT /ÒP\JQH   I$KVMKP&KCMQX 5GJTUEJÌP





4WDGN 2QNWRQNVKPPKM /QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP&KCMQX  *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN 2QNWRQNVKPPKM /QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP&KCMQX  *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP

 43


ELISABETH

7117 7116

7118



-QRGMGP )TKXGPPKM /QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP&KCMQX  5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





-QRGMGP )TKXGPPKM /QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP&KCMQX  -N-TCV\GTUGJTUEJÌP





-QRGMGP )TKXGPPKM /QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP&KCMQX

8QT\ÒINKEJ





-QRGMGP )TKXGPPKM /QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP&KCMQX  5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





-QRGMGP )TKXGPPKM /QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP&KCMQX 5GJTUEJÌP



7119

7121

7120

7122

7123

5KNDGTOÒP\GPFGT/ÒP\UV·VVG5V2GVGTUDWTI 

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKPXCT&CX&KCMQXXCT  *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCNGKEJVGªDGTRT·IWPIUURWTGPXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKPNGKEJVXCT&CX&KCMQX

5GJTUEJÌP





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX  *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌPUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



44


ELISABETH

7124

7125

7126



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX

(GKPG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX

*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX  -N5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP



7127

7128

7129



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX

5GJTUEJÌP





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX  -N-TCV\GTUGJTUEJÌPXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTI5QIGPCPPVGT5EQVV4WDGNI$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX  *GTTNKEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

 45


ELISABETH

7130



7130

1,5:1

4WDGN 5V2GVGTUDWTI5QIGPCPPVGT5EQVV4WDGNI$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX 5GJTUGNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI2TCEJVGZGORNCT*GTTNKEJG2CVKPCHCUV5VGORGNINCP\ 

7131

7132

7133



4WDGN 5V2GVGTUDWTI5QIGPCPPVGT5EQVV4WDGNI$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN 5V2GVGTUDWTI5QIGPCPPVGT5EQVV4WDGNI$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX 9KP\-TCV\GTUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN  5V 2GVGTUDWTI 5QIGPCPPVGT 5EQVV4WDGN  I $KVMKP  4  &CX    &KCMQX 4  4(GNFGTRQNKGTVUGJTUEJÌP



7134

 46

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX 4 

5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ




ELISABETH

7136

7137

7135



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX

8QT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN 2QNVKPC 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX  44-N5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTCO4CPFHCUVUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN 2QNVKPC 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX 4 

7138

 44(CUVUGJTUEJÌP



7140

7139



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&KCMQX

 9KP\5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­HCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



 

-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&KCMQX -QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

5GJTUEJÌP (CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ

 

7142

7141

 

-WRHGTOÒP\GPFGT<CTKP'NKUCDGVJ

-W-QRGMGP'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP&KCMQX -W-QRGMGP'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP&KCMQX

7141

-N5VGORGNHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP 5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

  47


ELISABETH

7143

7144

7144



&GPIC'MCVGTKPDWTI0QXQFGNI$KVMKP* 4 

448QT\ÒINKEJ



-W-QRGMG  5V 2GVGTUDWTI  I 5KEJVDCT ÒDGTRT·IV CWH GKPGO -W -QRGMGP5VÒEM XQP   2GVGT++QFGT-CVJCTKPC+$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX 4ªDGTRT·IWPIUURWTGPUGJTUEJÌP

 

7145

2T·IWPIGPHÒT.KXNCPFWPF'UVNCPF 

.KXQPCKUG 4WDGN \W  -QRGMGP   /QUMCW 4QVGT /ÒP\JQH IGRT·IV HÒT .KXNCPF WPF 'UVNCPF   I$KVMKP 4 &CX&KCMQX 4  44(GKPG2CVKPCHCUVUGJTUEJÌP   DGVGKNKIVG UKEJ <CTKP 'NKUCDGVJ CP GKPGT IGUCOVGWTQR·KUEJGP -QCNKVKQP IGIGP (TKGFTKEJ ++ XQP 2TGW­GP 5KG   UEJKEMVG 6TWRRGP KP FKG DCNVKUEJGP 2TQXKP\GP FGTGP JGTTUEJGPFG 1DGTUEJKEJV ITÌ­VGPVGKNU FGWVUEJ YCT /KV FGO   XQTNKGIGPFGP.KXQPCKUGYQNNVG'NKUCDGVJFKGKPFGP2TQXKP\GPI·PIKIGP/ÒP\GPGTUGV\GP

7146



7147

7148

-QRGMGP/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHIGRT·IVHÒT.KXNCPFWPF'UVNCPFI$KVMKP&KCMQX  4  5GJTUEJÌP



2T·IWPIGPHÒT1UVRTGW­GP 

6CNGT-ÌPKIUDGTIIGRT·IVHÒT1UVRTGW­GPWPVGTTWUUKUEJGT$GUCV\WPII$KVMKP 4  &KCMQX1NFD *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





)TÌUEJGT/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHIGRT·IVHÒT1UVRTGW­GPWPVGTTWUUKUEJGT$GUCV\WPII $KVMKP 4 &KCMQX 4 1NF 5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



48


PETER III.

2:1

7149

<#42'6'4+++ 'KP4WDGN5VÒEMFGU<CTGP2GVGT+++CWUFGT/ÒP\UV·VVG5V2GVGTUDWTI 

 4WDGN  5V 2GVGTUDWTI )GJCTPKUEJVGU $TWUVDKNF T OKV WOIGNGIVGO /CPVGN8KGT IGMTÌPVG   9CRRGPKPU-TGW\IGUVGNNVKPFGT/KVVG#FNGTUEJKNFKPFGP9KPMGNPFKGIGVGKNVG,CJTGU\CJN +P 752NCUVKMJQNFGT FGT 2%)5 OKV FGT $GYGTVWPI :(  $KVMKP  4  &KCMQX  4  (D    )1.&44#VVTCMVKXGU'ZGORNCTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ  2GVGT +++ -CTN 2GVGT 7NTKEJ XQP *QNUVGKP)QVVQTR  YCT 'PMGN FGU <CTGP 2GVGT + FGU )TQ­GP WPF YWTFG KO #NVGTXQP,CJTGPXQPUGKPGT6CPVGFGT<CTKP'NKUCDGVJ\WO6JTQPHQNIGTDGUVKOOV+O,CJTYWTFGGTOKV UGKPGT %QWUKPG FGT 2TKP\GUUKP 5QRJKG #WIWUVG XQP #PJCNV<GTDUV XGTJGKTCVGV 9·JTGPF 2GVGT GKPG INÒJGPFG   8GTGJTWPIHÒTFGPRTGW­KUEJGP-ÌPKI(TKGFTKEJ++GORHCPFJGIVGUGKPG)GOCJNKPFKGUR·VGTG<CTKP-CVJCTKPCFKG )TQ­G GKPG VKGHG #DPGKIWPI IGIGP 2TGW­GP #NU <CTKP 'NKUCDGVJ  UVCTD YCT FGT #WUUVKGI CWU FGO   5KGDGPL·JTKIGP -TKGI FWTEJ FGP 5QPFGTHTKGFGPUXGTVTCI XQP 5V 2GVGTUDWTI OKV 2TGW­GP FKG GTUVG #OVUJCPFNWPI   2GVGTU++++PPGPRQNKVKUEJUEJT·PMVG2GVGTFKG2TKXKNGIKGPFGU#FGNUUVCTMGKPWPFDGICPPOKVFGT/QFGTPKUKGTWPIFGU 5VCCVUYGUGPUPCEJRTGW­KUEJGO8QTDKNF&GT<CT\QIUKEJPKEJVPWTFKG(GKPFUEJCHVFGUTWUUKUEJGP#FGNUUQPFGTP CWEJUGKPGTGKIGPGP(TCW\WOKVFGTGTGKPGWPINÒEMNKEJG'JGHÒJTVG&KG5KVWCVKQPGUMCNKGTVGWPFCO,WNK YWTFG -CVJCTKPC \WT <CTKP CWUIGTWHGP WPF 2GVGT HÒT VQV GTMN·TV &GT <CT YCTLGFQEJICTPKEJVVQVWPFYWTFGXQP FKGUGP )GUEJGJPKUUGP XQNNMQOOGP ÒDGTTCUEJV 9GKN GT \ÌIGTVG IGNCPI GU FGP #WHUV·PFKUEJGP KJP   IGHCPIGP\WPGJOGP WPF \WT #DFCPMWPI \W \YKPIGP 2GVGT YWTFG KP FCU .CPFJCWU 4QRUEJ DGK 5V 2GVGTUDWTI   IGDTCEJVWPFFQTVCO,WNKWPVGTDKUJGWVGWPIGMN·TVGP7OUV·PFGPGTOQTFGV5GKPG)GOCJNKPTGIKGTVGHCUV ,CJTGNCPIFCUTWUUKUEJG4GKEJ

7150

5KNDGTOÒP\GPFGU4QVGP/ÒP\JQHGUKP/QUMCW 

4WDGN/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP 4 &CX&KCMQX  4.GKEJVG(CUUWPIUURWTGPUGJTUEJÌP

 49


PETER III.

7151



4WDGN 2QNVKPC /QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX 4   45GJTUEJÌP



7152

1,5:1

1,5:1

5KNDGTOÒP\GPFGT/ÒP\UV·VVG5V2GVGTUDWTI 

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX 4   5GNVGPDGUQPFGTUKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI*GTTNKEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ



7154

7153

7153



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX 4 

(CUVUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN 2QNVKPC 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX 4   49KP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP



50


KATHARINA II.

7155

7156

-WRHGTOÒP\GPFGU<CTGP2GVGT+++ 

-W-QRGMGPWPDGUVKOOVG/ÒP\UV·VVGI$KVMKP&KCMQX  4-N4CPFHGJNGTHCUVUGJTUEJÌP





-W -QRGMGP  WPDGUVKOOVG /ÒP\UV·VVG  I ªDGTRT·IV CWH GKPGO -QRGMGP5VÒEM XQP   'NKUCDGVJ$KVMKP&KCMQX 4ªDGTRT·IWPIUURWTGPHCUVUGJTUEJÌP



7157

<#4+0-#6*#4+0#++ )QNFOÒP\GPFGT<CTKP-CVJCTKPC++ 

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX 4 (DC  )1.&(CUUWPIUURWTGP*KV\GURWTGPUEJÌP



7158 1,5:1

1,5:1



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX 4 (DC  )1.&4#VVTCMVKXGUHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT

7159

1,5:1





1,5:1

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTI+P752NCUVKMJQNFGTFGT2%)5OKVFGT$GYGTVWPI8($KVMKP 4  &KCMQX 4 (DD )1.&445GJTUEJÌP

1,5:1

7160





1,5:1

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX(D  )1.&4/KPLWUVKGTVUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

 51


KATHARINA II.

1,5:1



7161

1,5:1

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX(D  )1.&4/KPLWUVKGTVUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



7162

1,5:1



1,5:1

4WDGN 2QNVKPC 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX(D  )1.&(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



7163

1,5:1



1,5:1

4WDGN 2QNVKPC 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX(D  )1.&-N-TCV\GTUGJTUEJÌP

7164

7165



7166

5KNDGTOÒP\GPFGU4QVGP/ÒP\JQHGUKP/QUMCW 

4WDGN/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX  5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX  9KP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX



52

5GJTUEJÌP


KATHARINA II.

7168 7167

7167



4WDGN 2QNVKPC /QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX 4   4-N5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTHCUVUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN 2QNWRQNVKPPKM /QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP&KCMQX  #VVTCMVKXGUHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT



7169

  

7170

7171

5KNDGTOÒP\GPFGT/ÒP\UV·VVG5V2GVGTUDWTI

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX 5GJTUEJÌP 4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX *GTTNKEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP 4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX 5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

  

7173

7172

7172



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX  *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCOKP-QTTQUKQPUURWTGPUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX



5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

53


KATHARINA II.

7176

7175

7174



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX

5GJTUEJÌP





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX

(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX  *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



7177

7178



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX

5GJTUEJÌP





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX

(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJXQT\ÒINKEJ



7179

1,5:1

 54

1,5:1

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX  2TCEJVGZGORNCT(CUV5VGORGNINCP\




KATHARINA II.

7180

7181

7182



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX

5GJTUEJÌP





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX  9KP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX  (GKPG2CVKPCMN5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTCO4CPFUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



7183



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX 4 

7184

7185

5GJTUEJÌP



7186



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 &CX&KCMQX 4   4*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP



 

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX 4  5GJTUEJÌP 4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX (GKPG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP

  55


KATHARINA II.

7188

7187

7189



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX 4   5GNVGPGT,CJTICPI5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX 4 

 45GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX 4 

 45GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





7191

7190



4WDGN 2QNVKPC 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&KCMQX 4 

45GJTUEJÌP





4WDGN 2QNVKPC 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&KCMQX 4 

45GJTUEJÌP



7193

7192

7192



4WDGN 2QNVKPC 5V2GVGTUDWTI$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX 4 

445GJTUEJÌP





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&KCMQX  #VVTCMVKXGUXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCTOKVHGKPGT2CVKPC





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTIIWPFI$KVMKP&KCMQX  5VÒEM(CUVUGJTUEJÌP



56


KATHARINA II.

7197 7196

7195



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&KCMQX  *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌPUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&KCMQX

5GJTUEJÌPUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





-QRGMGP )TKXGPPKM 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&KCMQX  -N5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ



7198

7199



7200

-WRHGTOÒP\GPFGT<CTKP-CVJCTKPC++ 

-W-QRGMGP/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP&KCMQX  .GKEJVGªDGTRT·IWPIUURWTGPUGJTUEJÌP





-W-QRGMGP'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP&KCMQX

5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





-W-QRGMGP'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP&KCMQX

8QT\ÒINKEJ



8QT\ÒINKEJ



7201



-W-QRGMGP'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP&KCMQX

57


KATHARINA II.

7202

7203

7204



-W-QRGMGP5W\WP -QN[XCP I$KVMKP&KCMQX  -N5VGORGNHGJNGTHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





-W-QRGMGP5W\WP -QN[XCP I$KVMKP&KCMQX  -N5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





-W-QRGMGP5W\WP -QN[XCP I$KVMKP&KCMQX



7205

7206

8QT\ÒINKEJ

7207



-W-QRGMGP5W\WP -QN[XCP I$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX  4-N5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ





-W-QRGMGP#PPKPUMQ[GI$KVMKP&KCMQX  5GNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI(CUV5VGORGNINCP\





-W-QRGMGP#PPKPUMQ[GI$KVMKP&KCMQX

58

5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ




KATHARINA II.

7210

7208

7209

-WRHGTRT·IWPIGPHÒT5KDKTKGP 

-W-QRGMGP5W\WP -QN[XCP HÒT5KDKTKGPI$KVMKP&KCMQX  -N5VGORGNHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ





-W-QRGMGP5W\WP -QN[XCP HÒT5KDKTKGPI$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX  49KP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





-W-QRGMGP5W\WP -QN[XCP HÒT5KDKTKGPI$KVMKP&KCMQX

8QT\ÒINKEJ





-W-QRGMGP5W\WP -QN[XCP HÒT5KDKTKGPI$KVMKP&KCMQX 5GJTUEJÌP





-W-QRGMGP5W\WP -QN[XCP HÒT5KDKTKGPI$KVMKP&KCMQX 5GJTUEJÌP



7212

7211

7213

1,5:1



1,5:1

-W2QNWUEJMC  5W\WP -QN[XCP  HÒT 5KDKTKGP 0QXQFGN  I $KVMKP *  4  &KCMQX 0    4  448QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\

 59


KATHARINA II.

7214

'KPG-WRHGTRT·IWPIHÒT/QNFCYKGPWPFFKG9CNCEJGK 

-W2CTC  &GPICU   5CFQIWTC IGRT·IV Y·JTGPF FGT TWUUKUEJGP $GUGV\WPI /QNFCYKGPU WPF FGT   9CNCEJGKY·JTGPFFGUVÒTMKUEJTWUUKUEJGP-TKGIGUJGTIGUVGNNVCWU-CPQPGPDTQP\GI$KVMKP

4 $TCWUG/CPUHGNF6HXCT&KCMQX 4  445EJÌPpUGJTUEJÌP



9·JTGPF FGU TWUUKUEJVÒTMKUEJGP -TKGIGU  XGTFT·PIVGP FKG TWUUKUEJGP 5VTGKVMT·HVG FKG 6ÒTMGP CWU FGO   OQNFCYKUEJGP )GDKGV WPF FGT 9CNCEJGK (ÒT FKG PWP GTHQTFGTNKEJG /ÒP\RT·IWPI XGTYGPFGVG OCP FCU /GVCNN   GTDGWVGVGTVÒTMKUEJGT)GUEJÒV\G

7215



/GFCKNNGPFGT<CTKP-CVJCTKPC++

$TQP\GOGFCKNNGXQP6+YCPQHH XGTOWVNKEJUR·VGTG2T·IWPIFGU,CJTJWPFGTVU CWHFKG)TWPF UVGKPNGIWPIFGT5V+UCCMU-CVJGFTCNGKP5V2GVGTUDWTI)GMTÌPVGU$TWUVDKNFTOKVWOIGNGIVGO/CPVGN WPF#PFTGCUQTFGP#PUKEJVFGT-CVJGFTCNGOOI&KCMQX FQTVKP5KNDGT   5GJTUEJÌP



7217

7216

7216



5KNDGTOGFCKNNGXQP5,WFKPWPF2+$QDTQXUEJKMQXCWHFGP(TKGFGPXQP8·T·N· 5ÒFQUVHKPPNCPF  \YKUEJGP 5EJYGFGP WPF 4W­NCPF CO  #WIWUV PCEJ ITGIQTKCPKUEJGO -CNGPFGT CO  #WIWUV  )G   MTÌPVGU $TWUVDKNF T OKV .QTDGGTMTCP\ WPF WOIGNGIVGO /CPVGN1NKXGP\YGKI KP .QTDGGTMTCP\ KO   #DUEJPKVVFTGK<GKNGP5EJTKHVOOI&KCMQX 4   8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV8QT\ÒINKEJ 



5KNDGTLGVQPWPUKIPKGTVCWHFGP(TKGFGPOKVFGT6ÒTMGK)GMTÌPVGU/QPQITCOOWOJGT.QTDGGT MTCP\8KGT<GKNGP5EJTKHVOOI$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX 4   *GTTNKEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ

60




PAUL I.

7218 1,5:1

1,5:1

<#42#7.+ 'KP4WDGN5VÒEMFGT/ÒP\UV·VVG5V2GVGTUDWTI 

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII8KGTIGMTÌPVG/QPQITCOOGKPU-TGW\IGUVGNNVKPFGP9KPMGNPLG GKPG8GT\KGTVG6CHGNOKVXKGT<GKNGP5EJTKHV$KVMKP 4 (D  )1.&445GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



7219

1,5:1

1,5:1

5KNDGTOÒP\GPFGT/ÒP\UV·VVG5V2GVGTUDWTI 

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII)GMTÌPVGT&QRRGNCFNGTOKV<GRVGTWPF4GKEJUCRHGNKPFGP(·PIGP CWH FGT $TWUV 5V )GQTIUUEJKNF WOJGT FKG -GVVG FGU #PFTGCUQTFGPU QDGP -TQPG8GT\KGTVG 6CHGN OKV   XKGT<GKNGP5EJTKHV$KVMKP 4 &CX  44#VVTCMVKXGUHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCTOKVHGKPGT6ÌPWPI 

7220 7221

7221



4WDGN 2QNWRQNVKPPKM 5V2GVGTUDWTI$KVMKP 4 

45GJTUEJÌP





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX  (GKPG2CVKPCCVVTCMVKXGUHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT



'ZGORNCTFGT#WMVKQP6JG0GY;QTM5CNG8+++0GY;QTM0T

61


PAUL I.

7222

7224

7223



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

#VVTCMVKXGUHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

 #VVTCMVKXGU'ZGORNCTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

5GJTUEJÌP



 5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTKO4CPFDGTGKEJXQT\ÒINKEJ



7225



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

7226

7227

7228

 

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 &CX 4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

62

48QT\ÒINKEJ 8QT\ÒINKEJ

 

 -N5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ




PAUL I.

7229

1,5:1



1,5:1

4WDGN 2QNVKPC 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP  5GJTUGNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI*GTTNKEJG2CVKPCYKP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTHCUV5VGORGNINCP\

7230

7232

7231



7233



4WDGN 2QNWRQNVKPPKM 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 

45GJTUEJÌP





4WDGN 2QNWRQNVKPPKM 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 

4-N-TCV\GTUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN 2QNWRQNVKPPKM 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 

45GJTUEJÌP





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

(GKPG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP



7234 1,5:1

1,5:1

-WRHGTOÒP\GPFGU<CTGP2CWN+ 

-W-QRGMG'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP

1,5:1



7235

-W2QNWUEJMC5W\WP -QN[XCP 0QXQFGNI$KVMKP*

2TCEJVGZGORNCT5VGORGNINCP\



1,5:1

448QT\ÒINKEJ

 63


ALEXANDER I.

7236

/GFCKNNGPFGU<CTGP2CWN+ 

5KNDGTOGFCKNNGQ,  XQP%.GDGTGEJVCWHUGKPG-TÌPWPIKP/QUMCW7PKHQTOKGTVGU$TWUVDKNFT OKVWOIGNGIVGO/CPVGN-TGW\OOI&KCMQX 4   44*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ



7238

7237





7237

5KNDGTOGFCKNNGQ,  XQP%/GKUPGTCWHUGKPG-TÌPWPIKP/QUMCW7PKHQTOKGTVGU$TWUVDKNFT OKVWOIGNGIVGO/CPVGN-TGW\OOI$KVMKP/ 4 &KCMQX 4   49KP\4CPFHGJNGTMN-TCV\GTUGJTUEJÌP



5KNDGTOGFCKNNG Q ,   WPUKIPKGTV 2T·OKG FGT -CKUGTNKEJGP #MCFGOKG FGT 9KUUGPUEJCHVGP   )GMTÌPVGU/QPQITCOO$WEJCWH5QEMGNFCTCWH'WNGCWH)NQDWUXQTFGO)NQDWU%CFWEGWU5EJNÒU UGNWPF.GKGTOOI&KCMQX 4  44(GKPG2CVKPCYKP\-TCV\GTXQT\ÒINKEJ



7239

1,5:1

1,5:1

<#4#.':#0&'4+ 'KP4WDGN5VÒEMFGU<CTGP#NGZCPFGT+CWUFGT/ÒP\UV·VVG5V2GVGTUDWTI  64

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 (D5EJN

)1.&445GJTUEJÌP




ALEXANDER I.

7241

7240

5KNDGTOÒP\GPFGT/ÒP\UV·VVG5V2GVGTUDWTI 

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

8QT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX  (GKPG2CVKPCOKP5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ



7243

7242



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX  *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCCVVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX  *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCYKP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



7246

7245

7244



4WDGN 2QNVKPC 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 

4-TCV\GTUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN 2QNVKPC 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 

 49KP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 

49KP\-TCV\GTUGJTUEJÌP



7247



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 &CX



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

7248

45GJTUEJÌP



5GJTUEJÌP

 65


ALEXANDER I.

7249

7250



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX #VVTCMVKXGU'ZGORNCTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX



7251

*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP

7252



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP



7253

1,5:1



1,5:1

4WDGN 2QNVKPC 5V2GVGTUDWTII)GMTÌPVGT&QRRGNCFNGTOKV<GRVGTWPF4GKEJUCRHGNKP FGP (·PIGP CWH FGT $TWUV 5V )GQTIUUEJKNF WOJGT FKG -GVVG FGU #PFTGCUQTFGPU QDGP -TQPG8KGT   <GKNGP5EJTKHVFCTWPVGT/ÒP\UV·VVGPCPICDGQDGP-TQPGWOJGT.QTDGGTWPF'KEJGP\YGKI$KVMKP 4  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV2TCEJVGZGORNCTXQPRQNKGTVGP5VGORGNP -N5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTHCUV5VGORGNINCP\ 

7254 1,5:1

 66

1,5:1

4WDGN 2QNWRQNVKPPKM 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4   5GJTUGNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI#VVTCMVKXGUHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT




ALEXANDER I.

7255 7256

7256



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

7257

7258

4(CUVUGJTUEJÌP



9KP\-TCV\GTXQT\ÒINKEJ



7259



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

 9KP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTCO4CPFXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

2TCEJVXQNNG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



7260

7261

7262



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 &CX#PO  44-N5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTCO4CPFOKPLWUVKGTVUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

.GKEJVG2T·IGUEJY·EJGXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

5GJTUEJÌP

 67


ALEXANDER I.

7264

7263

7265



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN 2QNVKPC 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP  5GNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI(CUV5VGORGNINCP\





4WDGN 2QNVKPC 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP  #VVTCMVKXGU'ZGORNCTOKVJGTTNKEJGT2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ



7266

7267

7268

7269



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

8QT\ÒINKEJ





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

5GNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI8QT\ÒINKEJ



7270

7271

7272

7273



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

9KP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

5GJTUEJÌP





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

5GJTUEJÌP



68


ALEXANDER I.

7274

7275

7276

-WRHGTOÒP\GPFGT/ÒP\UV·VVG'MCVGTKPDWTI 

-W-QRGMGP'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP

5GJTUEJÌP





-W-QRGMGP'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP

(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





-W-QRGMGP'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP  5GNVGPGTNGV\VGT,CJTICPI'VYCUTCWJGT5EJTÌVNKPINGKEJVLWUVKGTVHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



7278

7277

7279



-W-QRGMGP'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP

5GNVGPGTNGV\VGT,CJTICPI5GJTUEJÌP





-W-QRGMGP'MCVGTKPDWTI+P752NCUVKMJQNFGTFGT0)%OKVFGT$GYGTVWPI/5$0$KVMKP  2TCEJVGZGORNCT8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





-W-QRGMGP'MCVGTKPDWTI+P752NCUVKMJQNFGTFGT0)%OKVFGT$GYGTVWPI/5$0$KVMKP  2TCEJVGZGORNCT8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\

 69


ALEXANDER I.

7281

7280



-W-QRGMGP'MCVGTKPDWTI+P752NCUVKMJQNFGTFGT0)%OKVFGT$GYGTVWPI/5$0$KVMKP 8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





-W-QRGMG'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP



8QT\ÒINKEJ

7282

1,5:1

1,5:1



-W-QRGMG'MCVGTKPDWTI+P752NCUVKMJQNFGTFGT0)%OKVFGT$GYGTVWPI/54$$KVMKP 2TCEJVGZGORNCT-N<CKPGPFGHCUV5VGORGNINCP\

7283

7284



-W&GPIC'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP  5GNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI9KP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTCO4CPFXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



-W&GPIC'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP

5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

7285

 

 

7286

2T·IWPIGPHÒT)GQTIKGP

#DC\K -QRGMGP 6KHNKUHÒT)GQTIKGPI$KVMKP #DC\K -QRGMGP 6KHNKUHÒT)GQTIKGPI$KVMKP

1,5:1



7287

5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ 5GJTUEJÌP

 

1,5:1

'KPG)QNFRT·IWPIHÒT2QNGP  70

<NQV[EJ9CTUEJCWHÒT2QNGPI$KVMKP 4 (D FQTVWPVGT2QNGP 5EJN FQTV WPVGT2QNGP  )1.&5GNVGPDGUQPFGTUKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI5GJTCVVTCMVKXGUXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT




ALEXANDER I.

7288

7289

/GFCKNNGPFGU<CTGP#NGZCPFGT+ 



$TQP\GOGFCKNNG  XQP % .GDGTGEJV CWH FKG .KGDG \WO 8CVGTNCPF XGTNKGJGP CP 2CTVKUCPGP FGT   /QUMCWGT 2TQXKP\GP $ÒUVG T(ÒPH <GKNGP 5EJTKHV WOJGT 'KEJGPMTCP\  OO  I &KCMQX    4  -N4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ



/GUUKPILGVQP  9GTMUVCVV .CWGT 0ÒTPDGTI CWH FKG 5EJNCEJV DGK *CPCW &GT <CT UQYKG (TKGFTKEJ   9KNJGNO+++XQP2TGW­GPWPF-CKUGT(TCP\+XQP¤UVGTTGKEJUVGJGPPGDGPGKPCPFGTWPFTGKEJGPUKEJFKG *·PFG&CTUVGNNWPI FGT 8GTVTGKDWPI FGT PCRQNGQPKUEJGP 6TWRRGP XQT *CPCW  OO  I   &KCMQX -N5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTCO4CPFUGJTUEJÌP



7291

7290

7290





<KPP5VGEMOGFCKNNG  XQP , 6 5VGVVPGT CWH FKG $GHTGKWPIUMTKGIG WPF FKG 5KGIGFGT8GTDÒPFGVGP 6GORGN OKV UKGDGP 5·WNGP CP FGPGP FKG 9CRRGPUEJKNFG FGT 8GTDÒPFGVGP DGHGUVKIV UKPF&KG FTGK )ÌV   VKPPGPFGT)GTGEJVKIMGKVFGT9GKUJGKVWPFFGT'KPKIMGKVUVGJGPPGDGPGKPCPFGTXXOOI +PJCNV  OKVGKPCPFGT XGTDWPFGPG FQRRGNUGKVKIG MQNQTKGTVG -WRHGTUVKEJG OKV &CTUVGNNWPIGP XQP   5EJNCEJVU\GPGP WPF $GUEJTGKDWPIGP FKG FGP <GKVTCWO XQO  /CK  DKU \WO  &G\GODGT   WOHCUUGPKPFGP&GEMGNKPPGPUGKVGPDGHKPFGPUKEJ\YGKGKPIGMNGDVGMQNQTKGTVG5EJTKHVDN·VVGT0GWP <GKNGP 5EJTKHV KP ITÒPGO .QTDGGTMTCP\<GJP <GKNGP 5EJTKHV KP ITÒPGO .QTDGGTMTCP\ &KCMQX p   2TG­NGT 8QT\ÒINKEJ



/GUUKPILGVQP Q ,   WPUKIPKGTV CWH FGP (TKGFGP XQP 2CTKU 7PKHQTOKGTVGU $TWUVDKNF N<YGK   IGMTGW\VG (ÒNNJÌTPGT FC\YKUEJGP 1NKXGP\YGKI  OO  I &KCMQX p 2CZ KP 0WOOKU p   5NI,WNKWU 5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



7292



5KNDGTOGFCKNNGXQP(5VWEMJCTFVCWHFCU$ÒPFPKU\YKUEJGP4W­NCPF¤UVGTTGKEJWPF2TGW­GPKO -CORHIGIGP(TCPMTGKEJ&TGKMNGGDNCVVHÌTOKICPIGQTFPGVG/GFCKNNQPUOKVFGP$TWUVDKNFGTPXQP#NGZ CPFGT + XQP 4W­NCPF (TKGFTKEJ 9KNJGNO +++ XQP 2TGW­GP WPF (TCP\ + XQP ¤UVGTTGKEJ FC\YKUEJGP   2CNO 'KEJGP WPF .QTDGGT\YGKI<GJP <GKNGP 5EJTKHV  OO  I &KCMQX  4    /CTKGPD5NI/QPVGPWQXQ  445GJTCVVTCMVKXGUXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCTOKVJGTTNKEJGT6ÌPWPI

 71


NIKOLAUS I.

7293



$TQP\GOGFCKNNGXQP*($TCPFVCWHFKG)TWPFUVGKPNGIWPIFGU5KGIGUFGPMOCNUCWHFGO-TGW\ DGTIKP$GTNKPIGOGKPUCOOKV-ÌPKI(TKGFTKEJ9KNJGNO+++XQP2TGW­GP\WT'TKPPGTWPICPFKG5KGIG ÒDGT 0CRQN¾QP + &KG $ÒUVGP XQP #NGZCPFGT + XQP 4W­NCPF WPF (TKGFTKEJ 9KNJGNO +++ XQP 2TGW­GP   PGDGPGKPCPFGT N WOJGT .QTDGGTMTCP\#PUKEJV FGU 5KGIGUFGPMOCNU WOJGT FKG ,CJTGU\CJNGP        UQYKG GKP FTGK\GKNKIGT 5EJTKHVMTGKU  OO  I &KCMQX  4  .GJPGTV    /CTKGPD 8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



7294



5KNDGTOGFCKNNG  XQP # -NGRKMQY CWH UGKPGP 6QF $ÒUVG T OKV .QTDGGTMTCP\WOJGT5EJNCPIGP TKPI5VTCJNGPFGU)QVVGUCWIGOOI&KCMQX 4   449KP\4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ 

7295

7296

1,5:1

1,5:1

<#40+-1.#75+ )QNFOÒP\GPFGU<CTGP0KMQNCWU+ 

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN

72

 )1.&4-N4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP )1.&(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ

 


NIKOLAUS I.

7297

7298



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  )1.&-N5VGORGNHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN



)1.&5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

7299 1,5:1



1,5:1

 4WDGN  5V 2GVGTUDWTI +P 752NCUVKMJQNFGT FGT 0)% OKV FGT $GYGTVWPI /5  $KVMKP    (D5EJN )1.&(CUV5VGORGNINCP\ 

7300

7301

7302

7303



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN

)1.&(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN

)1.&8QT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN

)1.&9KP\-TCV\GTXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  )1.&-TCV\GTXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



7304 Pt

1,5:1

1,5:1

2NCVKPOÒP\GPFGU<CTGP0KMQNCWU+ 

4WDGN2NCVKP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 (D5EJN  2.#6+0445GJTUEJÌP5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

 73


NIKOLAUS I.

7305 Pt

7306 Pt

7307 Pt



4WDGN2NCVKP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 (D5EJN  2.#6+08QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





4WDGN2NCVKP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 (D5EJN  2.#6+05GJTUGNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





4WDGN2NCVKP5V2GVGTUDWTI+P752NCUVKMJQNFGTFGT2%)5OKVFGT$GYGTVWPI#7$KVMKP

4 (D5EJN 2.#6+05GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



7308 Pt

2:1



2:1

4WDGN2NCVKP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 (D5EJN  2.#6+05GJTUGNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI2TCEJVGZGORNCT(CUV5VGORGNINCP\



/KV'ZRGTVKUGXQP+IQT5EJKT[CMQX5VCCVNKEJGU*KUVQTKUEJGU/WUGWO/QUMCW

7309 Pt

7310 Pt

7311 Pt



4WDGN2NCVKP5V2GVGTUDWTI+P752NCUVKMJQNFGTFGT0)%OKVFGT$GYGTVWPI8($KVMKP

4 (D5EJN 2.#6+05GJTUEJÌP





4WDGN2NCVKP5V2GVGTUDWTI+P752NCUVKMJQNFGTFGT2%)5OKVFGT$GYGTVWPI8($KVMKP

4 (D5EJN 2.#6+05GNVGPGT,CJTICPI5GJTUEJÌP





4WDGN2NCVKP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 (D5EJN

74

 2.#6+048QT\ÒINKEJ




NIKOLAUS I.

7312 Pt

7313 Pt

7314 Pt



4WDGN2NCVKP5V2GVGTUDWTI+P752NCUVKMJQNFGTFGT0)%OKVFGT$GYGTVWPI8($KVMKP

4 (D5EJN 2.#6+05GJTUEJÌP





4WDGN2NCVKP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 (D5EJN

2.#6+05GJTUEJÌP





4WDGN2NCVKP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 (D5EJN  2.#6+049KP\4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP



7316

7315

7315

5KNDGTOÒP\GPFGT/ÒP\UV·VVG5V2GVGTUDWTI 

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 &CX FQTVWPVGT#NGZCPFGT+   44(CUVUGJTUEJÌP





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 



7317

7318

48QT\ÒINKEJ

7319



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

 2TCEJVXQNNG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

8QT\ÒINKEJ

 75


NIKOLAUS I.

7322

7321

7320

7320



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

-QTTQFKGTVXQT\ÒINKEJ





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

5GJTUEJÌP



5GNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI8QT\ÒINKEJ



7323 1,5:1



1,5:1

-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

7324

1,5:1



1,5:1

-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP  5GNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\

7325

7326

7327



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 



7328



7329

45GJTUEJÌP



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

8QT\ÒINKEJ





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

5GJTUEJÌP





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

8QT\ÒINKEJ





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

5GNVGPGT,CJTICPI(GKPG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ



76


NIKOLAUS I.

7330



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



7331

1,5:1

1,5:1



4WDGN  5V 2GVGTUDWTI /KV /ÒP\UV·VVGPCPICDG CÏB" CPUVCVV CÏÁ" +P 752NCUVKMJQNFGT FGT   0)%OKVFGT$GYGTVWPI/5$KVMKP 4 &CX  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\ 

7332

7333

7334



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

8QT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTI+P752NCUVKMJQNFGTFGT0)%OKVFGT$GYGTVWPI/5$KVMKP&CX *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCYKP\5VGORGNHGJNGTHCUV5VGORGNINCP\





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTI+P752NCUVKMJQNFGTFGT0)%OKVFGT$GYGTVWPI/5$KVMKP&CX 5GNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI(CUV5VGORGNINCP\

 77


NIKOLAUS I.

7335

7336

7337



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

8QT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 &CX  5GNVGPDGUQPFGTUKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN  5V 2GVGTUDWTI +P 752NCUVKMJQNFGT FGT 0)% OKV FGT $GYGTVWPI /5  $KVMKP    &CX *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



7338



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

7339

   78

7340

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX 4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX 4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



7341

8QT\ÒINKEJ *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP 8QT\ÒINKEJ

  


NIKOLAUS I.

7342

7343

7344



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

(GKPG2CVKPCHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



2TCEJVXQNNG2CVKPCHCUV5VGORGNINCP\



7345



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

7346

7347

7348



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX  -N4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJCWURQNKGTVGT2NCVVG





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX  2TCEJVXQNNG2CVKPCYKP\4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX



5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

79


NIKOLAUS I.

7349

1,5:1



1,5:1

 4WDGN 2QNVKPC   5V 2GVGTUDWTI  I $KVMKP  FQTV HCNUEJGU /Ã&#x2019;P\\GKEJGP CPIGIGDGP    2TCEJVGZGORNCT(CUV5VGORGNINCP\

7350

7352

7351



7353



 4WDGN 2QNVKPC   5V 2GVGTUDWTI  I $KVMKP  FQTV HCNUEJGU /Ã&#x2019;P\\GKEJGP CPIGIGDGP    8QT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ





 4WDGN 2QNVKPC   5V 2GVGTUDWTI  I $KVMKP  FQTV HCNUEJGU /Ã&#x2019;P\\GKEJGP CPIGIGDGP    (GKPG2CVKPCXQT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ





4WDGN 2QNVKPC 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

9KP\4CPFHGJNGTXQT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ





4WDGN 2QNVKPC 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP  9KP\4CPFHGJNGTXQT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



7355 7354

7356



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

5GNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI8QT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP  5GNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI(GKPG2CVKPCXQT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP



80

9KP\5VGORGNHGJNGTXQT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ


NIKOLAUS I.

7357 1,5:1



1,5:1

-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP  5GNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\

7359

7358

7360



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 

 



7361

9KP\-TCV\GTXQT\ÒINKEJ



4(GKPG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

9KP\4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



7362

7363

7362



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

9KP\-TCV\GTRQNKGTVG2NCVVG



7364

7365

7367

7368

7369



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

5GJTUEJÌP





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

-N5VGORGNHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

2TCEJVGZGORNCT5VGORGNINCP\





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 2TCEJVGZGORNCT'TUVCDUEJNCI(CUV5VGORGNINCP\





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

8QT\ÒINKEJ

 81


NIKOLAUS I.

7370

7372

7375

7376

7377



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

(CUV5VGORGNINCP\





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

8QT\ÒINKEJ





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

2QNKGTVG2NCVVG





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

8QT\ÒINKEJ





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTI$KVMKP  5VÒEM*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

2QNKGTVG2NCVVG





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

2QNKGTVG2NCVVG





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

9KP\-TCV\GTXQT\ÒINKEJ



7379

7378

7378

5KNDGTOÒP\GPFGT/ÒP\UV·VVG9CTUEJCW 

4WDGN9CTUEJCWI$KVMKP&CX



4WDGN 2QNVKPC 9CTUEJCWI$KVMKP 4 

7380

7382

7383

5GJTUEJÌP



445GJTUEJÌP



7384

-WRHGTOÒP\GPFGU<CTGP0KMQNCWU+ 

-W-QRGMG'MCVGTKPDWTI+P752NCUVKMJQNFGTFGT0)%OKVFGT$GYGTVWPI/54$$KVMKP 2TCEJVGZGORNCT(CUV5VGORGNINCP\





-W -QRGMGP  'MCVGTKPDWTI  I &C\W -W -QRGMGP  'MCVGTKPDWTI  I   $KVMKP 5VÒEM5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





-W-QRGMG'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP 4 

448QT\ÒINKEJ





-W-QRGMG'MCVGTKPDWTII&KEMCDUEJNCI 2K¾HQTV $KVMKP\W

448QT\ÒINKEJ





-W-QRGMG'MCVGTKPDWTI+P752NCUVKMJQNFGTFGT0)%OKVFGT$GYGTVWPI/5$0$KVMKP 8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\

82




NIKOLAUS I.

7385

7386

7385



-W&GPG\JMC'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP



-W2QNWUEJMC'MCVGTKPDWTII&KEMCDUEJNCI 2K¾HQTV $KVMKP\W



-W2QNWUEJMC  'MCVGTKPDWTI  I &C\W #NGZCPFGT ++  -W2QNWUEJMC    'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP 5VÒEM8QT\ÒINKEJ

7388

7389



-W-QRGMGP9CTUEJCWHÒT2QNGPI$KVMKP 4 



-W-QRGMG9CTUEJCWI$KVMKP 4 

8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\ 48QT\ÒINKEJ

  

7388

445GJTUEJÌP



48QT\ÒINKEJ



7390

1,5:1

1,5:1

)GFGPMOÒP\GPFGU<CTGP0KMQNCWU+ 

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTI&GPMOCNHÒT#NGZCPFGT+I$KVMKP 4 &CX  5GNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI2TCEJVGZGORNCT*GTTNKEJG2CVKPCHCUV5VGORGNINCP\



/KV'ZRGTVKUGXQP+IQT5EJKT[CMQX5VCCVNKEJGU*KUVQTKUEJGU/WUGWO/QUMCW

7391



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTI&GPMOCNHÒT#NGZCPFGT+I$KVMKP 4 &CX  *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCYKP\-TCV\GTHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ

 83


NIKOLAUS I.

7393

7392



4WDGN  5V 2GVGTUDWTI CWH FKG 'KPYGKJWPI FGU $QTQFKPQ&GPMOCNU  I $KVMKP  4    &CX 45GJTUEJÌP





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTICWHFKG'KPYGKJWPIFGU$QTQFKPQ&GPMOCNUI$KVMKP 4 &CX 45GJTUEJÌP



7394

1,5:1



1,5:1

4WDGN  5V 2GVGTUDWTI XQP * )WDG CWH FKG 8GTO·JNWPI UGKPGU 5QJPGU )TQ­HÒTUV #NGZCPFGT   0KMQNCLGYKVUEJUR·VGT<CT#NGZCPFGT++OKV/CTKCXQP*GUUGP&CTOUVCFV6QEJVGT.WFYKIU++I $KVMKP 4 &CX# 44-N4CPFHGJNGTHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ 

7395

1,5:1

1,5:1

'KPG-WRHGTRTQDGFGT/ÒP\UV·VVG5V2GVGTUDWTI  84

-W-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTI0QXQFGNFGT2TQDGI$KVMKP* 4   44(CUV5VGORGNINCP\




NIKOLAUS I.

7397

7396

2T·IWPIGPHÒT2QNGP 

<NQV[EJ9CTUEJCWHÒT2QNGPI$KVMKP



<NQVG9CTUEJCWHÒT2QNGPI$KVMKP

7398

(GKPG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



5GJTUEJÌP



7399

7400



4WDGN <NQV[EJ 5V2GVGTUDWTIHÒT2QNGPI$KVMKP&CX

5GJTUEJÌP





4WDGN <NQV[EJ 5V2GVGTUDWTIHÒT2QNGPI$KVMKP&CX  (CUVUGJTUEJÌP



4WDGN <NQV[EJ 5V2GVGTUDWTIHÒT2QNGPI$KVMKP&CX  (GKPG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP



'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI#PVQPKP2TQMQR6GKN#WMVKQP#WTGC0WOKUOCVKMC2TCI0T



7401

7402



4WDGN <NQV[EJ 5V2GVGTUDWTIHÒT2QNGPI$KVMKP&CX

5GJTUEJÌP





4WDGN <NQV[EJ 5V2GVGTUDWTIHÒT2QNGPI$KVMKP&CX  *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ

 85


NIKOLAUS I.

7403 7404

 

7404

-QRGMGP <NQV[ 5V2GVGTUDWTIHÒT2QNGPI$KVMKP 4WDGN <NQV[EJ 9CTUEJCWHÒT2QNGPI$KVMKP&CX

7405

7406

5GJTUEJÌP 5GJTUEJÌP

 

7407



4WDGN <NQV[EJ 9CTUEJCWHÒT2QNGPI$KVMKP&CX  *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN <NQV[EJ 9CTUEJCWHÒT2QNGPI$KVMKP

(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN <NQV[EJ 9CTUEJCWHÒT2QNGPI$KVMKP  (GKPG2CVKPCOKP4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP



7408

    86

7409

7410

-QRGMGP <NQVG 9CTUEJCWHÒT2QNGPI$KVMKP -QRGMGP <NQVG 9CTUEJCWHÒT2QNGPI$KVMKP -QRGMGP <NQVG 9CTUEJCWHÒT2QNGPI$KVMKP -QRGMGP )TQU\[ 9CTUEJCWHÒT2QNGPI$KVMKP 4 

7411

5GJTUEJÌP 5GJTUEJÌP 5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ 45GJTUEJÌP

   


NIKOLAUS I.

7412

7413

7414

7415



-QRGMGP )TQU\[ 9CTUEJCWHÒT2QNGPI$KVMKP FQTVHCNUEJDGUEJTKGDGP   5GJTUEJÌP





-QRGMGP )TQU\[ 9CTUEJCWHÒT2QNGPI$KVMKP

5GJTUEJÌP





-QRGMGP )TQU\[ 9CTUEJCWHÒT2QNGPI$KVMKP  5GJTUGNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI2TCEJVXQNNG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





-QRGMGP )TQU\[ 9CTUEJCWHÒT2QNGPI$KVMKP  -N-TCV\GTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



7417

7416

7418

/GFCKNNGPFGU<CTGP0KMQNCWU+ 





6TCIDCTG QXCNG 5KNDGTOGFCKNNG Q , WPUKIPKGTV 'JTGP\GKEJGP FGU )TQ­JGT\QIVWOU 5CEJUGP9GKOCT   'KUGPCEJ HÒT(TCWGP#DVGKNWPI$TWUVDKNFUGKPGT5EJYGUVGT)TQ­JGT\QIKP/CTKC2CYNQYPCTOKV &KCFGO)GMTÌPVGU/QPQITCOOZOOI1'-0KOOGTIWV  44*GTTNKEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



5KNDGTOGFCKNNG  WPUKIPKGTV JGTCWUIGIGDGP XQP FGT 5VCFV 9CTUEJCW \WT 'TKPPGTWPI CP FGP 6QF   #NGZCPFGTU+$ÒUVG#NGZCPFGTU+TOKV.QTDGGTMTCP\FCTÒDGT5VGTP8KGT<GKNGP5EJTKHVWPF,CJTGU \CJNWOJGT.QTDGGTMTCP\OOI&KCMQX 4 *%\  42TCEJVXQNNG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ



5KNDGTOGFCKNNG  WPUKIPKGTV JGTCWUIGIGDGP XQP FGT 5VCFV 9CTUEJCW \WT 'TKPPGTWPI CP FGP 6QF   #NGZCPFGTU+$ÒUVG#NGZCPFGTU+TOKV.QTDGGTMTCP\FCTÒDGT5VGTP8KGT<GKNGP5EJTKHVWPF,CJTGU \CJNWOJGT.QTDGGTMTCP\OOI&KCMQX 4 *%\  42TCEJVXQNNG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ

 87


NIKOLAUS I.

7419







7420

7421

5KNDGTOGFCKNNG  WPUKIPKGTV JGTCWUIGIGDGP XQP FGT 5VCFV 9CTUEJCW \WT 'TKPPGTWPI CP FGP 6QF   #NGZCPFGTU+$ÒUVG#NGZCPFGTU+TOKV.QTDGGTMTCP\FCTÒDGT5VGTP8KGT<GKNGP5EJTKHVWPF,CJTGU \CJNWOJGT.QTDGGTMTCP\OOI&KCMQX 4 *%\ 48QT\ÒINKEJ



5KNDGTOGFCKNNG  XQP 8 #NGZGGX WPF ) 5CDWTQX CWH UGKPG -TÌPWPI KP /QUMCW CO  #WIWUV   $ÒUVG T-TQPG NKGIV CWH GKPGT 5·WNG CP FGT GKPG 6CHGN CPIGDTCEJV KUV LGFQEJ HGJNV FKG TWUUKUEJG +P   UEJTKHV &CU)GUGV\ QDGPUVTCJNGPFGU)QVVGUCWIGOOI&KCMQX 4   449KP\4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



5KNDGTOGFCKNNGXQP*)WDGCWHFKG-TKGIUGTMN·TWPICPFKG6ÒTMGKCO#RTKN$ÒUVGT&KG RGTUQPKHK\KGTVG4GNKIKQPÒDGTTGKEJVFGO<CTGPGKP5EJYGTVWPFGKP-TGW\\YKUEJGPKJPGPCWHFGO$Q FGPGKP*GNOOOI&KCMQX 4   4*GTTNKEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



7422



88

$TQP\GOGFCKNNGXQP*)WDGCWHFKG'KPYGKJWPIFGT5OQNP[-CVJGFTCNGKP5V2GVGTUDWTI%JTK UVWUUKV\VXXOKVFTGK-KPFGTP#PUKEJVFGT-CVJGFTCNGOOI&KCMQX 4   48QT\ÒINKEJ




NIKOLAUS I.

7423



5KNDGTOGFCKNNGWPUKIPKGTVCWHFKG'TTKEJVWPIFGU&GPMOCNUHÒTFKGKPFGT5EJNCEJVCO#WIWUV DGK-WNO $ÌJOGP IGHCNNGPGPTWUUKUEJGP5QNFCVGP#PUKEJVFGU&GPMOCNU5KGDGP<GKNGP5EJTKHV OOI&KCMQX 4 5NI/QPVGPWQXQ 9KP\4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ &KG 5EJNCEJV HCPFCOWPF#WIWUVUVCVV#WHFGTXQTNKGIGPFGP/GFCKNNGYWTFGFCJGTFWTEJ'KPTKV\GP GKPGTTÌOKUEJGP+FKGTÌOKUEJG<CJN:::KP+:::XGT·PFGTV



7424



5KNDGTOGFCKNNGXQP27VMKPCWHFGPGTUVGP5RCVGPUVKEJ\WO$CWFGT%JTKUV'TNÌUGT-CVJGFTCNGKP /QUMCW5VTCJNGPFGU)QVVGUCWIG#PUKEJVFGT-KTEJGOOI&KCMQX 4   8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCMN4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ



7425



5KNDGTOGFCKNNGXQP,$4QVJCWHFKG$GVGKNKIWPI4W­NCPFUCPFGT4ÒEMICDG5[TKGPUCPFKG6ÒT MGK4KVVGTUVGJVXXWPFÒDGTUVGNNVFCURGTUQPKHK\KGTVG5[TKGPCPFKGRGTUQPKHK\KGTVG)QNFGPG2HQTVGKO *KPVGTITWPF FKG (CJPGP FGT XKGT DGVGKNKIVGP GWTQR·KUEJGP /·EJVG 4W­NCPF 2TGW­GP ¤UVGTTGKEJ WPF   )TQ­DTKVCPPKGP-TCP\ DGUVGJGPF CWU .QTDGGT WPF 'KEJGP\YGKIGP FCTCWH NKGIGP FKG XKGT IGMTÌPVGP   9CRRGPFGTDGVGKNKIVGP/·EJVGOOI&KCMQXp5NI/QPVGPWQXQ  44(CUV5VGORGNINCP\ 

0CEJ FGO 'PFG FGT TC 0CRQNGQP XGTUWEJVG FGT 2CUEJC XQP I[RVGP UKEJ PGDGP FGO 1UOCPKUEJGP 4GKEJ CNU   MQPMWTTKGTGPFG/CEJVKOÌUVNKEJGP/KVVGNOGGTTCWO\WGVCDNKGTGPIGNCPIKJOFKG'TQDGTWPI5[TKGPUWPFDKU  GTTCPI GT YGKVGTG OKNKV·TKUEJG 'THQNIG ÒDGT FKG 6ÒTMGP 7O FGP HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP 'KPHNW­ KP FGT .GXCPVG   \WTÒEM\WFT·PIGP XGTDCPFGP UKEJ 4W­NCPF ¤UVGTTGKEJ7PICTP )TQ­DTKVCPPKGP WPF 2TGW­GP \WT 3WCFTWRGNCNNKCP\   WPF GKNVGP FGO 5WNVCP \W *KNHG /KV FGT XGTGKPKIVGP ÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJGP (NQVVG WPF OKV *KNHG GKPGU 8QNMUCWHUVCPFU   MQPPVG FGT 2CUEJC XGTVTKGDGP WPF 5[TKGP FCU FCOCNU CWEJ FGP .KDCPQP WOHC­VG YKGFGTFGO1UOCPKUEJGP4GKEJ GKPXGTNGKDVYGTFGP

89


ALEXANDER II.

7426

7427

<#4#.':#0&'4++ )QNFOÃ&#x2019;P\GPFGU<CTGP#NGZCPFGT++ 

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  )1.&5GNVGPGT,CJTICPI8QT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  )1.&5GNVGPGT,CJTICPI8QT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ



7428

1,5:1

1,5:1



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  )1.&5GNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI8QT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



7429

1,5:1



1,5:1

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  )1.&2TCEJVGZGORNCT5VGORGNINCP\

7430



7431



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  )1.&#VVTCMVKXGUXQT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJGU'ZGORNCT





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  )1.&-N&TWEMUVGNNGHCUVXQT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ



90


ALEXANDER II.

7432 1,5:1



1,5:1

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII(GKPIQNF$KVMKP 4 (D5EJN  )1.&44#VVTCMVKXGUXQT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJGU'ZGORNCTOKVJÃ&#x2019;DUEJGT2CVKPC

7433

7435

7434



7436



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN

)1.&8QT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  )1.&5GNVGPGT,CJTICPI8QT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN

)1.&(CUVXQT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN

)1.&8QT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ



7439 7438

7437



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN

)1.&8QT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  )1.&9KP\4CPFHGJNGTXQT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 (D5EJN  )1.&49KP\4CPFHGJNGTXQT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ



7440 1,5:1



1,5:1

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  )1.&5GNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI8QT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJCWURQNKGTVGT2NCVVG

 91


ALEXANDER II.

7441

7442

1,5:1

5KNDGTOÒP\GPFGU<CTGP#NGZCPFGT++ 

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX FQTVWPVGT0KMQNCWU+   2TCEJVGZGORNCT*GTTNKEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 &CX FQTVWPVGT0KMQNCWU+   5GNVGPDGUQPFGTUKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI'TUVCDUEJNCIXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



7443

7444

7445



4WDGN 2QNVKPC 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP  2TCEJVGZGORNCT*GTTNKEJG2CVKPCHCUV5VGORGNINCP\



 

4WDGN 2QNVKPC 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4WDGN 2QNVKPC 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ 8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\

 



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTIIWPFI$KVMKP  5VÒEM(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJWPFXQT\ÒINKEJ





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTIIWPFI$KVMKP  5VÒEM4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJWPFXQT\ÒINKEJ



7449

   92

7448

-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP -QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP -QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 

7450

(GKPG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\ 8QT\ÒINKEJ 45GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

  


ALEXANDER II.

7451

7452

7453



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 &CX  5GNVGPGT,CJTICPI-TCV\GTKO(GNFFGT8QTFGTUGKVGUGJTUEJÌP



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

5GNVGPGT,CJTICPI8QT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



7454



7455



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

9KP\5VGORGNHGJNGTCO4CPFXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

8QT\ÒINKEJ



7456

7457

7458

7459



4WDGN 2QNVKPC 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 

 4(GKPG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 

48QT\ÒINKEJ





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTI+P752NCUVKMJQNFGTFGT0)%OKVFGT$GYGTVWPI/5$KVMKP 4  5GNVGPDGUQPFGTUKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI(CUV5VGORGNINCP\



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTIIWPFI$KVMKP  5VÒEM-N4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJWPFXQT\ÒINKEJ

  93


ALEXANDER II.

7460

1,5:1



1,5:1

-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4   4*GTTNKEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\CWURQNKGTVGT2NCVVG

7462

7461



7463



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

(CUV5VGORGNINCP\





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

8QT\ÒINKEJ



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP  5GNVGPDGUQPFGTUKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI2TCEJVGZGORNCT5VGORGNINCP\



7465

1,5:1



7466

8QT\ÒINKEJ

7467



1,5:1

7468

7469



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

2TCEJVGZGORNCT5VGORGNINCP\





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

2TCEJVGZGORNCT5VGORGNINCP\





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

2TCEJVGZGORNCT5VGORGNINCP\





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



7470

7471

7470

2T·IWPIGPHÒT2QNGP 

-QRGMGP9CTUEJCWHÒT2QNGPI$KVMKP 4 

44*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP





-QRGMGP9CTUEJCWHÒT2QNGPI$KVMKP 4   44*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCYKP\-TCV\GTUGJTUEJÌP



94


ALEXANDER II.

7473

7472

-WRHGTOÒP\GPFGU<CTGP#NGZCPFGT++ 

-W-QRGMGP'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP



-W-QRGMGP9CTUEJCWI$KVMKP

7474

(GKPG5VGORGNHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ



5GJTUEJÌP



7475



-W-QRGMG9CTUEJCWI$KVMKP

#VVTCMVKXGUXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCTOKVHGKPGT2CVKPC





-W-QRGMG9CTUEJCWI$KVMKP

5GJTUEJÌP



-W&GPG\JMC9CTUEJCWI$KVMKP  5GNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI2TCEJVGZGORNCT(CUV5VGORGNINCP\



7476

1,5:1



1,5:1

7477

7478



-W&GPG\JMC9CTUEJCWI$KVMKP



-W-QRGMG5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 

7479

7477

9KP\&TWEMUVGNNGUGJTUEJÌP



45GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



7480

)GFGPMOÒP\GPFGU<CTGP#NGZCPFGT++ 

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTI&GPMOCNHÒT0KMQNCWU+I$KVMKP&CX  5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTI&GPMOCNHÒT0KMQNCWU+I$KVMKP&CX  -N-TCV\GTUGJTUEJÌP

 95


ALEXANDER II.

7481

1,5:1

1,5:1

'KPG2TQDGRT·IWPIFGT/ÒP\UV·VVG$TÒUUGN 

 -QRGMGP  '/ $TÒUUGN 0QXQFGN FGT 2TQDG KP -WRHGT0KEMGN<KPP  I -GJTRT·IWPI OKV   INCVVGO4CPF$KVMKP* 4  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV2TCEJVGZGORNCT5VGORGNINCP\ 

7483

7482

2T·IWPIGPHÒT(KPPNCPF 

/CTMMCC*GNUKPMKHÒT(KPPNCPFI$KVMKP(D FQTVWPVGT(KPPNCPF 5EJN FQTV WPVGT(KPPNCPF  )1.&8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





/CTMMCC*GNUKPMKHÒT(KPPNCPFI$KVMKP 4 (D FQTVWPVGT(KPPNCPF 5EJN

FQTVWPVGT(KPPNCPF  )1.&48QT\ÒINKEJ



7484

/GFCKNNGPFGU<CTGP#NGZCPFGT++ 

5KNDGTLGVQP  WPUKIPKGTV CWH UGKPG -TÌPWPI KP /QUMCW )GMTÌPVGU /QPQITCOO<YGK <GKNGP   5EJTKHVQDGP-TQPGWPVGP,CJTGU\CJNOOI&KCMQX  2TCEJVXQNNG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



7485



96

5KNDGTOGFCKNNGQ,XQP2/GUEJGT[CMQX2T·OKGFGT/·FEJGPUEJWNGHÒTIWVGU$GPGJOGPWPFUEJWNK UEJGP (QTVUEJTKVV $TWUVDKNF FGT <CTKP /CTKC #NGZCPFTQYPC T/KPGTXC OKV .QTDGGTMTCP\ KP FGT   4GEJVGPWPF¤NNCORGKPFGTGTJQDGPGP.KPMGPUVGJVXXWOIGDGPXQP#VVTKDWVGPFGT9KUUGPUEJCHVGP FKGCWHFGO$QFGPNKGIGPOOI&KCMQX 4  *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ




ALEXANDER II.

7486



<KPPOGFCKNNGXQP0-Q\KPWPF8#NGZGGXCWHFKG'KPYGKJWPIFGT5V+UCCMU-CVJGFTCNGKP5V 2GVGTUDWTI/GFCKNNQPFCTKPFCUIGJCTPKUEJVG$TWUVDKNF2GVGTU+TOKV.QTDGGTMTCP\WPFWOIGNGIVGO /CPVGN WOJGT HÒPH YGKVGTG /GFCKNNQPU OKV FGP $TWUVDKNFGTP D\Y $ÒUVGP XQP -CVJCTKPC ++ 2CWN +   #NGZCPFGT + 0KMQNCWU + WPF #NGZCPFGT ++ FC\YKUEJGP .QTDGGT WPF 'KEJGP\YGKIG#PUKEJV FGT   -CVJGFTCNGOOI&KCMQX 8QT\ÒINKEJ

7487



1,5:1



7487

5KNDGTOGFCKNNG Q , WO   WPUKIPKGTV IGHGTVKIV \W 'JTGP FGU <CTGP $TWUVDKNF HCUV X X<GRVGT   \YKUEJGP\YGKJTGPOOI&KCMQX 4  2TCEJVGZGORNCT(CUV5VGORGNINCP\



7488



$TQP\GOGFCKNNQPXQP/-WEJMKPWPF80KMQPQXCWHFCUL·JTKIG$GUVGJGPFGT/KEJCKNQYUMK #TVKNNGTKGCMCFGOKG WPF UEJWNG KP 5V 2GVGTUDWTI $ÒUVG T7PKHQTOKGTVGU $TWUVDKNF FGU 'TDCWGTU   )TQ­HÒTUV /KEJCGN 2CYNQYKVUEJ N FCTÒDGT UVTCJNGPFGU /GFCKNNQP OKV FGO IGMTÌPVGP /QPQITCOO   UGKPGU$TWFGTUFGU<CTGP#NGZCPFGTU+OOI&KCMQX 8QT\ÒINKEJ

 97


ALEXANDER III.

7489



5KNDGTOGFCKNNQP Q , WPUKIPKGTV 2TGKUOGFCKNNG HÒT 2HGTFG\WEJV )GMTÌPVGU /QPQITCOO)GMTÌPVGT   &QRRGNCFNGTOKV<GRVGTWPF4GKEJUCRHGNKPFGP(·PIGPCWHFGT$TWUV5V)GQTIUUEJKNFWOJGT1TFGPU MGVVGCWHFGP(NÒIGNPLGXKGTYGKVGTGMNGKPGTG9CRRGPUEJKNFG/KVFTGKTWUUKUEJGP4CPFRWP\GP#FNGT #%WPFOOI&KCMQXp XIN   8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV-N4CPFHGJNGTMN-TCV\GTUGJTUEJÌP 

7490



$TQP\GOGFCKNNGXQP8#NGZGGXCWHFGP)GDWTVUVCIXQP#NGZCPFGT+$ÒUVGTOKV.QTDGGT MTCP\(ÒPH<GKNGP5EJTKHVWOJGT8GT\KGTWPIGPOOI&KCMQX  8QT\ÒINKEJ



7491 1,5:1

1,5:1

<#4#.':#0&'4+++ )QNFOÒP\GPFGU<CTGP#NGZCPFGT+++  98

#NGZCPFGT+++4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  )1.&5GNVGPGT,CJTICPI8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\




ALEXANDER III.

7492 1,5:1



1,5:1

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  )1.&5GNVGPGT,CJTICPI9KP\4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ



7493

2:1



2:1

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTI+P752NCUVKMJQNFGTFGT2%)5OKVFGT$GYGTVWPI/5$KVMKP 4  (D5EJN )1.&5GJTUGNVGPDGUQPFGTUKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI2TCEJVGZGORNCT 8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\ 

7494

2:1



2:1

 4WDGN  5V 2GVGTUDWTI  I $ÒUVG T)GMTÌPVGT &QRRGNCFNGT OKV <GRVGT WPF 4GKEJUCRHGN   KPFGP(·PIGPQDGP-TQPGFCTWPVGT0QOKPCNCPICDGWPF,CJTGU\CJN$KVMKP 4 (D5EJN )1.&48QT\ÒINKEJ 

7495 1,5:1



1,5:1

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  )1.&440WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJXQT\ÒINKEJ

 99


ALEXANDER III.

7496

7497

7499

7498



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  )1.&9KP\4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ



 

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN 4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN

)1.&(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ )1.&5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

 



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  )1.&9KP\4CPFHGJNGT8QT\ÒINKEJ



7500

7501



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN

)1.&5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  )1.&-N4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



7502

7503

7504



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  )1.&-N4CPFHGJNGTHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



 

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN 4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN

 

)1.&5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ )1.&(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ

7506

7505

  100

5KNDGTOÒP\GPFGU<CTGP#NGZCPFGT+++

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX FQTVWPVGT#NGZCPFGT++ 

7505

8QT\ÒINKEJ



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4   440WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV8QT\ÒINKEJ




ALEXANDER III.

7507

7508



4WDGN  5V 2GVGTUDWTI +P 752NCUVKMJQNFGT FGT 0)% OKV FGT $GYGTVWPI /5  $KVMKP    &CX 8QT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX



-N4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP

7509

7510



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

-N4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



7511

7512



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

8QT\ÒINKEJXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

5GJTUEJÌP



7513

7514

7515

7516



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 

4*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 

4*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4   40WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJXQT\ÒINKEJ





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP



8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\

101


ALEXANDER III.

7517

7518



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

8QT\ÒINKEJ





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



7519

1,5:1



1,5:1

-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4   5GNVGPDGUQPFGTUKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI2TCEJVGZGORNCT*GTTNKEJG2CVKPCHCUV5VGORGNINCP\

7520

7521



7522



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

2TCEJVXQNNG2CVKPCHCUV5VGORGNINCP\





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP  2TCEJVGZGORNCT*GTTNKEJG2CVKPCHCUV5VGORGNINCP\





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP



(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ

7526 7523

7524



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

*ÒDUEJG2CVKPC5VGORGNINCP\





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

(GKPG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTIIWPFI$KVMKP

 5VÒEM(CUV5VGORGNINCP\





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

9KP\-TCV\GTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



102


ALEXANDER III.

7529

  

-WRHGTOÒP\GPFGU<CTGP#NGZCPFGT+++

-W-QRGMG5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP -W-QRGMG5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4  -W-QRGMG5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

7531



7530

7528

(CUV5VGORGNINCP\ 445GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ 8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\

  

7533

7532

)GFGPMOÒP\GPFGU<CTGP#NGZCPFGT+++

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTICWHUGKPG-TÌPWPII$KVMKP&CX

(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTICWHUGKPG-TÌPWPII$KVMKP&CX  9KP\4CPFHGJNGTHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTICWHUGKPG-TÌPWPII$KVMKP&CX



7534

7535

5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

7536

2T·IWPIGPHÒT(KPPNCPF 

/CTMMCC*GNUKPMKHÒT(KPPNCPFI$KVMKP 4 (D FQTVWPVGT(KPPNCPF 5EJN

FQTVWPVGT(KPPNCPF  )1.&48QT\ÒINKEJ





/CTMMCC*GNUKPMKHÒT(KPPNCPFI$KVMKP(D FQTVWPVGT(KPPNCPF 5EJN FQTV WPVGT(KPPNCPF  )1.&8QT\ÒINKEJ





/CTMMCC*GNUKPMKHÒT(KPPNCPFI$KVMKP(D FQTVWPVGT(KPPNCPF 5EJN FQTV WPVGT(KPPNCPF  )1.&8QT\ÒINKEJ



7538

 

7537

(GKPIGYKEJVUDCTTGPFGT/ÒP\UV·VVG5V2GVGTUDWTI

<QNQVPKMUQ,5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4  <QNQVPKMQ,5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

7538

-N4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP 5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

  103


ALEXANDER III.

7539

/GFCKNNGPFGU<CTGP#NGZCPFGT+++ 

6TCIDCTG UKNDGTPG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG Q , XQP # )TKNKEJGU $ÒUVG T5EJPWTMTGKU WOJGT 5EJTKHV KP   XKGTHCEJGO.KPKGPMTGKUOOI&KCMQX FQTVQJPG6TCIGÌUG4   8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKVªDGTCTDGKVGVUGJTUEJÌP



7540

7541





7541

)QNFOGFCKNNGQ,WPUKIPKGTVXQP/5MWFPQX2T·OKGFGT/·FEJGPUEJWNGHÒTFGPGTHQNITGKEJGP#D UEJNW­ $TWUVDKNFFGT<CTKP/CTKC(GQFQTQYPCT5GEJU<GKNGP5EJTKHVCWH5VTCJNGPWOJGT-TCP\CWU 9GKPTGDGPOOI&KCMQX 4  )1.&4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ 5KNDGTOGFCKNNG Q , WPUKIPKGTV 2T·OKG FGT /·FEJGPUEJWNG HÒT FGP GTHQNITGKEJGP #DUEJNW­ $TWUVDKNF   FGT <CTKP /CTKC (GQFQTQYPC T OKV WOIGNGIVGO /CPVGN5GEJU <GKNGP 5EJTKHV XQT 5QPPGPUVTCJNGP   WOJGT(TÒEJVGMTCP\OOI&KCMQX# 4   8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV+O'VWKXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





7542

 104

5KNDGTOGFCKNNG Q , WPUKIPKGTV 2T·OKG FGT /·FEJGPUEJWNG HÒT FGP GTHQNITGKEJGP #DUEJNW­ $TWUVDKNF   FGT <CTKP /CTKC (GQFQTQYPC T OKV WOIGNGIVGO /CPVGN5GEJU <GKNGP 5EJTKHV XQT 5QPPGPUVTCJNGP   WOJGT(TÒEJVGMTCP\OOI&KCMQX# 4  445GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ




ALEXANDER III.

7543



$TQP\GOGFCKNNG  XQP # )TKNKEJGU LT WPF # )TKNKEJGU UT CWH FKG ,CJTHGKGT FGT TWUUKUEJGP   #TVKNNGTKG$ÒUVGNWOJGT.QTDGGTMTCP\5GEJU<GKNGP\WO6GKNIGDQIGPG5EJTKHVWOJGT'KEJGPD\Y .QTDGGT\YGKIFCTCWH\CJNTGKEJG-CPQPGPOOI&KCMQX 4   9KP\4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ



7545

7544

7544



$TQP\GOGFCKNNGXQP#)TKNKEJGUCWHFKG'KPYGKJWPIFGU&GPMOCNUHÒT#NGZCPFGT++KP*GNUKPMK $ÒUVG#NGZCPFGTU++T#PUKEJVFGU&GPMOCNUOOI&KCMQX 5VGORGNINCP\



5KNDGTOGFCKNNGQ,XQP58C\JGPKPWPF#)TKNKEJGU2T·OKGFGU)CTVGPDCWXGTGKPUKP4KIC9GKDNK EJG $ÒUVG X X OKV &KCFGO FGP -QRH PCEJ N IGYCPFV)GMTÌPVGU 5VCFVYCRRGP XQP 4KIC WOJGT   (TÒEJVGMTCP\OOI&KCMQX\W 4FQTVCPFGTGT&WTEJOGUUGT   8QPITÌ­VGT5GNVGPJGKV(GKPG2CVKPCHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ 



105


NIKOLAUS II.

7546 1,5:1

1,5:1

<#40+-1.#75++ )QNFOÒP\GPFGU<CTGP0KMQNCWU++ 

0KMQNCWU++4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 (D5EJN  )1.&(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ

7547

7548



7549



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 (D5EJN

 )1.&5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKPXCT(D5EJN  )1.&8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKPXCT(D5EJN



1,5:1



7550

1,5:1

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTI+P752NCUVKMJQNFGTFGT0)%OKVFGT$GYGTVWPI/5$KVMKP(D 5EJN )1.&(CUV5VGORGNINCP\

7551



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 (D5EJN



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN

106

)1.&(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



7552

)1.&48QT\ÒINKEJ



)1.&8QT\ÒINKEJ




NIKOLAUS II.

7554

7553

7555



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN



7556

)1.&8QT\ÒINKEJ



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN

 )1.&5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN

 )1.&5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN

 )1.&5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



7558

7557

7559



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTI+P752NCUVKMJQNFGTFGT#0#OKVFGT$GYGTVWPI/5$KVMKP(D 5EJN )1.&8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTI+P752NCUVKMJQNFGTFGT0)%OKVFGT$GYGTVWPI/5$KVMKP(D 5EJN )1.&8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



7560

)1.&(CUV5VGORGNINCP\



7561

5KNDGTOÒP\GPFGU<CTGP0KMQNCWU++ 

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX  5GNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI*GTTNKEJG2CVKPCOKP4CPFHGJNGTHCUV5VGORGNINCP\





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX



7562

8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\

7563



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

2TCEJVXQNNG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

-N4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP

 107


NIKOLAUS II.

7564

1,5:1



1,5:1

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 &CXp \W   5GJTUGNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI2TCEJVGZGORNCT/KP4CPFHGJNGT5VGORGNINCP\

7565



7566



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 &CXp \W   4*GTTNKEJG2CVKPCMN-TCV\GTXQT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX



*Ã&#x2019;DUEJG2CVKPCXQT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ

7567

1,5:1

 108

1,5:1

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 &CX  5GNVGPDGUQPFGTUKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI2QNKGTVG2NCVVG




NIKOLAUS II.

7568

7569

7570

 

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 &CX 4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 &CX

48QT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ $GUUGTGT,CJTICPI8QT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTI+P752NCUVKMJQNFGTFGT0)%OKVFGT$GYGTVWPI/5$KVMKP (CUV5VGORGNINCP\

  

7571

1,5:1



1,5:1

-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP  5GJTUGNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI2TCEJVGZGORNCT*GTTNKEJG2CVKPCRQNKGTVG2NCVVG

7572

 



7573

-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 9KP\&TWEMUVGNNGXQT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ -QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4  4*GTTNKEJG2CVKPCYKP\-TCV\GTXQT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ

 

7574 1,5:1



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 

1,5:1

448QT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJp5VGORGNINCP\

 109


NIKOLAUS II.

7576

7577

7578

7575

7579



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTI+P752NCUVKMJQNFGTFGT0)%OKVFGT$GYGTVWPI/5$KVMKP 4  45VGORGNINCP\



   

-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP\W -QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP -QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP -QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

2QNKGTVG2NCVVGOKPDGTÃ&#x2019;JTV 5VGORGNINCP\ 8QT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ 8QT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ

   

*Ã&#x2019;DUEJG2CVKPCXQT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ



7580



-QRGMGP2CTKUI$KVMKP

7582

7583

7581

7581

-WRHGTOÃ&#x2019;P\GPFGU<CTGP0KMQNCWU++ 

-W -QRGMGP  5V 2GVGTUDWTI +P 752NCUVKMJQNFGT FGT 0)% OKV FGT $GYGTVWPI /5  4$   $KVMKP 2TCEJVGZGORNCT(CUV5VGORGNINCP\





-W -QRGMGP  5V 2GVGTUDWTI +P 752NCUVKMJQNFGT FGT 0)% OKV FGT $GYGTVWPI /5  4$   $KVMKP 8QT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





-W-QRGMG5V2GVGTUDWTI+P752NCUVKMJQNFGTFGT0)%OKVFGT$GYGTVWPI/54$$KVMKP 5VGORGNINCP\



7584

   110

7585

7586

-W-QRGMG5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4  48QT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ -W-QRGMG5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 2TCEJVGZGORNCT(GKPG2CVKPC5VGORGNINCP\ -W-QRGMG5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP (CUV5VGORGNINCP\

  


NIKOLAUS II.

2:1

7587

'KP4WDGN5VÒEMFGU<CTGP0KMQNCWU++CWUFGT/ÒP\UV·VVG5V2GVGTUDWTI 

4WDGN (TCPMGP 5V2GVGTUDWTII-QRHT)GMTÌPVGT&QRRGNCFGTOKV<GRVGT WPF4GKEJUCRHGNKPFGP(·PIGPCWHFGT$TWUV5V)GQTIUUEJKNFWOJGTFKG-GVVGFGU#PFTGCUQTFGPUCWH FGP(NÒIGNPLGXKGTYGKVGTG9CRRGPUEJKNFGQDGP-TQPG$KVMKP 4 (D5EJN  )1.&8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV 9KP\4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\  0KMQNCWU++#NGZCPFTQYKVUEJHÒJTVG\WP·EJUVFCUCWVQMTCVKUEJG4GIKOGPVUGKPGU8CVGTU#NGZCPFGT+++HQTVDKUKJP FKGY·JTGPFFGUTWUUKUEJLCRCPKUEJGP-TKGIGUCWUIGDTQEJGPG4GXQNWVKQP\WGKPUEJPGKFGPFGP4GHQTOGP\YCPI 'T IGY·JTVG UGKPGO 8QNM YGUGPVNKEJG )TWPFTGEJVG FCU CNNIGOGKPG 9CJNTGEJV WPF TKGH GKPG IGUGV\IGDGPFG   8QNMUXGTVTGVWPI &WOC KPU.GDGP#W­GPRQNKVKUEJUVTGDVGGTPCEJFGT'TJCNVWPIFGUTWUUKUEJGP'KPHNWUUGUCWHFGO $CNMCP\ÌIGTVGPKEJVXQTFGO'KPVTKVVKPFGP'TUVGP9GNVMTKGIWPFÒDGTPCJORGTUÌPNKEJFGP1DGTDGHGJN0CEJFGO #WUDTWEJFGT4GXQNWVKQPFCPMVGFGTNGV\VGTWUUKUEJG<CTCO/·T\CWH&TWEMFGT)GPGTCNKV·VCD'TYWTFG \WUCOOGPOKVUGKPGT)GOCJNKP#NGZCPFTCXQP*GUUGPFGO6JTQPHQNIGTWPFFGPXKGT6ÌEJVGTPKO,WNKKPFGT UKDKTKUEJGP8GTDCPPWPIGTOQTFGV  &CUJKGT\WT8GTUVGKIGTWPIIGNCPIGPFG4WDGN5VÒEMFCUKPPWT'ZGORNCTGPIGRT·IVYWTFG\·JNV\WFGP DGMCPPVGUVGP WPF DGIGJTVGUVGP TWUUKUEJGP /ÒP\GP &KG /ÒP\G KUV OKV  I 4CWJIGYKEJV WPF  I   (GKPIGYKEJVPCEJFGO5VCPFCTFFGTUQIGPCPPVGP.CVGKPKUEJGP/ÒP\WPKQPCWUIGDTCEJV&KGUG9·JTWPIUWPKQPOKV FGO HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP (TCPMGP CNU )TWPFNCIG YCT CWH +PKVKCVKXG 0CRQNGQPU +++  XQP (TCPMTGKEJ $GNIKGP +VCNKGP   WPFFGT5EJYGK\ $GKVTKVV)TKGEJGPNCPFU DGUEJNQUUGPYQTFGP&KG-WTCPVOÒP\GPFKGUGT&QRRGNY·JTWPIFCU IQNFGPG(TCPMGP5VÒEMWPFFCUUKNDGTPG(TCPMGP5VÒEMYCTGPKPCNNGP5VCCVGPIÒNVKI&CUITÌ­VG0QOKPCNFGT /ÒP\WPKQPYCTFCU(TCPMGP5VÒEMFCUPWTKP(TCPMTGKEJKPITÌ­GTGP/GPIGPIGRT·IVYWTFG0KMQNCWU++NKG­  GDGPHCNNU GKPG UQNEJG TGRT·UGPVCVKXG )QNFOÒP\G \W  (TCPMGP D\Y   4WDGN RT·IGP FKG CP JQJG   9ÒTFGPVT·IGTXGTVGKNVYWTFG9KTHTGWGPWPU+JPGPFKGUGDGTÒJOVG4CTKV·VFGTTWUUKUEJGP/ÒP\IGUEJKEJVGCPDKGVGP \WMÌPPGPFKGCWEJFKG8GTDKPFWPIGP4W­NCPFUOKVFGT(TCP\ÌUKUEJGP4GRWDNKMFQMWOGPVKGTV

111


NIKOLAUS II.

7588

1,5:1

1,5:1

)GFGPMOÒP\GPFGU<CTGP0KMQNCWU++ 

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTICWHUGKPG-TÌPWPII$KVMKP&CX  -CDKPGVVUVÒEM*GTTNKEJG2CVKPCHGKPUVGT5VGORGNINCP\

7589



7589

1,5:1

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTICWHUGKPG-TÌPWPII$KVMKP&CX  2TCEJVXQNNG2CVKPC'TUVCDUEJNCI5VGORGNINCP\

7590

7591



7592



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTICWHUGKPG-TÌPWPII$KVMKP&CX  2TCEJVXQNNG2CVKPCYKP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTHCUV5VGORGNINCP\

 

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTICWHUGKPG-TÌPWPII$KVMKP&CX 4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTICWHUGKPG-TÌPWPII$KVMKP&CX

112



8QT\ÒINKEJ (CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ

  


NIKOLAUS II.

7593

7594



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTI&GPMOCNHÒT#NGZCPFGT++I$KVMKP 4 &CX

 48QT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTI&GPMOCNHÒT#NGZCPFGT++I$KVMKP 4 &CX  4-N4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



7595

7595

1,5:1



4WDGN  5V 2GVGTUDWTI CWH FKG ,CJTHGKGT FGU 5KGIGU ÒDGT 0CRQN¾QP  I $KVMKP    &CX 8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\ 

7596

7597



4WDGN  5V 2GVGTUDWTI CWH FKG ,CJTHGKGT FGU 5KGIGU ÒDGT 0CRQN¾QP  I $KVMKP    &CX 8QT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN  5V 2GVGTUDWTI CWH FKG ,CJTHGKGT FGU 5KGIGU ÒDGT 0CRQN¾QP  I $KVMKP    &CX (GKPG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ



7598

7599



4WDGN  5V 2GVGTUDWTI CWH FKG ,CJTHGKGT FGU 5KGIGU ÒDGT 0CRQN¾QP  I $KVMKP    &CX 2TCEJVXQNNG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTICWHFKG,CJTHGKGTFGT4QOCPQX&[PCUVKGI$KVMKP&CX (CUV5VGORGNINCP\

 113


NIKOLAUS II.

7600

7601

2T·IWPIGPHÒT(KPPNCPF 

/CTMMCC*GNUKPMKHÒT(KPPNCPFI$KVMKP(D FQTVWPVGT(KPPNCPF 5EJN FQTV WPVGT(KPPNCPF  )1.&8QT\ÒINKEJ





/CTMMCC*GNUKPMKHÒT(KPPNCPFI$KVMKP(D FQTVWPVGT(KPPNCPF 5EJN FQTV WPVGT(KPPNCPF  )1.&8QT\ÒINKEJ



7603

7602



/CTMMCC*GNUKPMKHÒT(KPPNCPFI$KVMKP(D FQTVWPVGT(KPPNCPF 5EJN FQTV WPVGT(KPPNCPF  )1.&8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





/CTMMCC*GNUKPMKHÒT(KPPNCPFI$KVMKP(D FQTVWPVGT(KPPNCPF 5EJN FQTV WPVGT(KPPNCPF  )1.&(CUV5VGORGNINCP\



7604



-W2GPPK·*GNUKPMKHÒT(KPPNCPFI$KVMKP 4 

445GJTUEJÌP



7606

7605

7605

/GFCKNNGPFGU<CTGP0KMQNCWU++ 



114

6TCIDCTG UKNDGTPG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG Q , WO   WPUKIPKGTV XQP # 8CU[WVKPUM[ WPF -NGPQX   (NGK­RT·OKG HÒT -CWHNGWVG #TDGKVGT $CWGTP 7PVGTQHHK\KGTG WPF -KTEJGPRHNGIGT FKG FGT 4GIKGTWPI   &KGPUVG GTDTCEJV JCVVGP -QRH N5EJTKHV PGDGP XGTUEJNWPIGPGP .QTDGGT 2CNO WPF 'KEJGP\YGKIGP   OOI&KCMQX 4  448QT\ÒINKEJ



6TCIDCTG IQNFGPG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG Q ,   WPUKIPKGTV XQP # 8CU[WVKPUM[ (NGK­RT·OKG HÒT   -CWHNGWVG #TDGKVGT $CWGTP 7PVGTQHHK\KGTG WPF -KTEJGPRHNGIGT FKG FGT 4GIKGTWPI &KGPUVG GTDTCEJV   JCVVGP-QRHN5EJTKHVPGDGPXGTUEJNWPIGPGP.QTDGGT2CNOWPF'KEJGP\YGKIGPOOI &C\W<YGKIGHNQEJVGPGXGT\KGTVGWPFHCTDKIG5VQHHFGMQTCVKQPGP&KCMQX 4   )1.&48QT\ÒINKEJ 


NIKOLAUS II.

7607







7608

7609

5KNDGTOGFCKNNGQ, WOITCXKGTV WPUKIPKGTVXQP#8CU[WVKPUM[2T·OKGFGU(KPCP\OKPK UVGTKWOU XGTNKGJGP HÒT (NGK­ WPF 5QTIHCNV -QRH N5KGDGP <GKNGP 5EJTKHV WOJGT 'KEJGPMTCP\ /KV   4CPFITCXWTFCTKPGPVJCNVGPFKG,CJTGU\CJNOOI&KCMQX 4   449KP\4CPFHGJNGTMN(NGEMGPUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



5KNDGTOGFCKNNGQ,WPUKIPKGTV2T·OKGHÒT8GTFKGPUVGKPFGT.CPFYKTVUEJCHV&KG-ÌRHGXQP#NGZCPFGT+++ WPF 0KMQNCWU ++ PGDGPGKPCPFGT N5GEJU <GKNGP 5EJTKHV WOJGT -TCP\ CWU $NWOGP (TÒEJVGP WPF   )GVTGKFGOOI&KCMQX 4  *GTTNKEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ



5KNDGTOGFCKNNGQ,WPUKIPKGTV2T·OKGHÒT8GTFKGPUVGKPFGT.CPFYKTVUEJCHV&KG-ÌRHGXQP#NGZCPFGT+++ WPF 0KMQNCWU ++ PGDGPGKPCPFGT N5GEJU <GKNGP 5EJTKHV WOJGT -TCP\ CWU $NWOGP (TÒEJVGP WPF   )GVTGKFGOOI&KCMQX 4  8QT\ÒINKEJ



7610



$TQP\GOGFCKNNG  XQP , % %JCRNCKP CWH FGP $GUWEJ FGU <CTGPRCCTGU KP (TCPMTGKEJ $TWUVDKNFGT   FGU <CTGP WPF UGKPGT )GOCJNKP #NGZCPFTC (GQFQTQYPC PGDGPGKPCPFGT T5KGDGP <GKNGP 5EJTKHV QDGP   FKG 9CRRGP XQP 4W­NCPF WPF (TCPMTGKEJ WPVGP $NÒVGP\YGKI  OO  I &KCMQX   

4  +P1TKIKPCNGVWK8QT\ÒINKEJ

 115


SOWJETUNION

7611

ex 7612

ex 7612

519,'670+10 

-QRGMGPI;GQ



-W -QRGMGP  OKV INCVVGO 4CPF  I -W -QRGMGP  OKV INCVVGO 4CPF  I   ;GQ 5VÒEM8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\WPFUGJTUEJÌP

*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\

 

7613 1,5:1



1,5:1

-QRGMGP2TQDGKP$TQP\G#NWOKPKWOI(GFQTKP  44*GTTNKEJG2CVKPCHCUV5VGORGNINCP\



7614 1,5:1



1,5:1

-QRGMGP2TQDGKP0GWUKNDGTI7UJCMQX(GFQTKP 2 

44(CUV5VGORGNINCP\



7615 1,5:1



1,5:1

-QRGMGP2TQDGKP0GWUKNDGTI7UJCMQX(GFQTKP 2   44(GKPG2CVKPCHCUV5VGORGNINCP\



7616 1,5:1

 116

1,5:1

-QRGMGP2TQDGKP/GUUKPII7UJCMQX(GFQTKP 2   44(GKPG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\




SOWJETUNION

7617 1,5:1



1,5:1

-QRGMGP2TQDGKP5VCJNI7UJCMQX(GFQTKP 2   44'VYCURQTÌUGT5EJTÌVNKPI5VGORGNINCP\



7618 1,5:1



-QRGMGP2TQDGKP/GUUKPII7UJCMQX(GFQTKP 2 

1,5:1



7620

-QRGMGP2TQDGKP/GUUKPII7UJCMQX(GFQTKP 2 

1,5:1



7619

44(CUV5VGORGNINCP\

7621



1,5:1

-QRGMGP2TQDGKP/GUUKPII7UJCMQX(GFQTKP 2   442TCEJVXQNNG2CVKPCHCUV5VGORGNINCP\

1,5:1



1,5:1



1,5:1

44(CUV5VGORGNINCP\



1,5:1

-QRGMGP2TQDGKP#NWOKPKWO/CIPGUKWOI7UJCMQX(GFQTKP 2   445VGORGNINCP\

 117


SOWJETUNION

7622 1,5:1



1,5:1

-QRGMGP2TQDGKP#NWOKPKWOI7UJCMQX(GFQTKP 2 

44(CUV5VGORGNINCP\



7623 1,5:1



1,5:1

-QRGMGP2TQDGKP#NWOKPKWO/CPICP!I7UJCMQX(GFQTKP 2   44(CUV5VGORGNINCP\



7624 1,5:1



1,5:1

-QRGMGP2TQDGKP#NWOKPKWO/CIPGUKWOI7UJCMQX(GFQTKP 2   44(CUV5VGORGNINCP\

7625

7626 Pt

7627



7628 Pt



4WDGN 6UEJGTYQPG\ /QUMCWI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN



 4WDGN 2NCVKP  .GPKPITCF 1N[ORKCFG KP /QUMCW   1N[ORKC'ODNGO CWH .QTDGGTMTCP\   IHGKP(D5EJN 2.#6+05VGORGNINCP\





 4WDGN  /QUMCW 1N[ORKCFG KP /QUMCW   'TFDCNN 2CNO\YGKI WPF 1N[ORKC'ODNGO   I(GKPIQNF(D5EJN )1.&5VGORGNINCP\





4WDGN2NCVKP.GPKPITCF1N[ORKCFGKP/QUMCW&KUMWUYGTHGTIHGKP(D 5EJN 2.#6+05VGORGNINCP\



118

)1.&5VGORGNINCP\




SOWJETUNION

7629

7630



 4WDGN  .GPKPITCF 1N[ORKCFG KP /QUMCW  .GPKPUVCFKQPKP/QUMCWI(GKPIQNF (D5EJN )1.&2QNKGTVG2NCVVG





 4WDGN  .GPKPITCF 1N[ORKCFG KP /QUMCW   4WFGTUVCFKQP KP -T[NCVUMQLG  I (GKP   IQNF(D5EJN )1.&2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



7631 Pt

7632 Pt



4WDGN2NCVKP.GPKPITCF1N[ORKCFGKP/QUMCW#PVKMG4KPIM·ORHGTIHGKP(D 5EJN 2.#6+05VGORGNINCP\





4WDGN2NCVKP.GPKPITCF1N[ORKCFGKP/QUMCW#NVQN[ORKUEJGU9CIGPTGPPGPI HGKP(D5EJN 2.#6+05VGORGNINCP\



7633

7634



4WDGN.GPKPITCF1N[ORKCFGKP/QUMCW4CFUVCFKQPKP-T[NCVUMQLGI(GKPIQNF (D5EJN )1.&5VGORGNINCP\





 4WDGN  /QUMCW 1N[ORKCFG KP /QUMCW   &TWUEJDC5RQTVJCNNG KP .WUEJPKMK  I   (GKPIQNF(D5EJN )1.&5VGORGNINCP\



7635 Pt

7636

7637 Pt



 4WDGN 2NCVKP  .GPKPITCF1N[ORKCFGKP/QUMCW.·WHGTFGT#PVKMGIHGKP(D 5EJN 2.#6+05VGORGNINCP\





4WDGN/QUMCW1N[ORKCFGKP/QUMCW1N[ORKUEJG(CEMGNI(GKPIQNF(D 5EJN )1.&5VGORGNINCP\





4WDGN2NCVKP.GPKPITCF'RQUFGU)TQ­HÃ&#x2019;TUVGP+IQTIHGKP(D5EJN  2.#6+02QNKGTVG2NCVVG

 119


SOWJETUNION

7639

7640

7638

7638



4WDGN/QUMCW<NCVPKM)QNFOÃ&#x2019;P\G8NCFKOKTUI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN  )1.&2QNKGTVG2NCVVG





4WDGN/QUMCW5QRJKGP-CVJGFTCNGKP0QYIQTQFI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN  )1.&2QNKGTVG2NCVVG





4WDGN/QUMCW5QRJKGP-CVJGFTCNGKP0QYIQTQFI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN  )1.&2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



7642 Pt

7643 Pt

7641 Pd

7641



 4WDGN  .GPKPITCF 5VCPFDKNF 8NCFKOKTU FGU )TQ­JGT\QIU XQP -KGY  I HGKP (D    5EJN 2#..#&+7/2QNKGTVG2NCVVG





 4WDGN 2NCVKP  .GPKPITCF -CORH IGIGP FKG 6CTVCTGP CO (NW­ 7ITC   I HGKP   (D5EJN 2.#6+02QNKGTVG2NCVVG





 4WDGN 2NCVKP  .GPKPITCF -CORH IGIGP FKG 6CTVCTGP CO (NW­ 7ITC   I HGKP   (D5EJN 2.#6+02QNKGTVG2NCVVG



7645

7644

7645



4WDGN/QUMCW5KGIGNXQP+XCP+++XQPI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN  )1.&2QNKGTVG2NCVVG





 4WDGN  /QUMCW /CTK·*KOOGNHCJTVU-CVJGFTCNG FGU -TGON KP /QUMCW  I (GKPIQNF   (D5EJN )1.&2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



120


SOWJETUNION

7646 Pd

7647 Pd



4WDGN.GPKPITCF+XCP+++IHGKP(D5EJN

2#..#&+7/2QNKGTVG2NCVVG





4WDGN.GPKPITCF4WUUKUEJGU$CNNGVVIHGKP(D$5EJN  2#..#&+7/5VGORGNINCP\



7649 Pt

7648 Pt



4WDGN2NCVKP.GPKPITCF5EJNCEJVDGK2QNVCYCIHGKP(D5EJN  2.#6+02QNKGTVG2NCVVG





4WDGN2NCVKP.GPKPITCF5GIGNUEJKHH5V)CXTKKNWPVGT/KMJCKN5RKTKFQPQXKE)XQ\FGXI HGKP(D5EJN 2.#6+02QNKGTVG2NCVVG



7651

7650

7650



 4WDGN  /QUMCW 4GKVGTUVCPFDKNF 2GVGTU FGU )TQ­GP KP 5V 2GVGTUDWTI  I (GKPIQNF (D   5EJN )1.&2QNKGTVG2NCVVG





4WDGN/QUMCW-KTEJGXQOJGKNKIGP'T\GPIGN)CDTKGNKP/QUMCWI(GKPIQNF(D 5EJN )1.&2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



7652 Pd

7653 Pd



4WDGN.GPKPITCF2CMGVDQQV5V2GVGTWPF2QTVT·VXQP-CRKV·P8KVWU,QPCUGP$GTKPII HGKP(D5EJN 2#..#&+7/2QNKGTVG2NCVVG





4WDGN.GPKPITCF2CMGVDQQV5V2CXGNWPVGT-CRKV·P#NGMUGL+XCPQXKE%KTKMQXIHGKP (D5EJN 2#..#&+7/2QNKGTVG2NCVVG

 121


SOWJETUNION

7654 Pd

7655 Pd



4WDGN.GPKPITCF2GVGTFGT)TQ­GIHGKP(DC5EJN  2#..#&+7/2QNKGTVG2NCVVG





4WDGN.GPKPITCF4WUUKUEJGU$CNNGVVIHGKP(D$5EJN  2#..#&+7/5VGORGNINCP\



7657 Pt

7656 Pd



4WDGN.GPKPITCF4WUUKUEJGU$CNNGVVIHGKP(D$5EJNp  2#..#&+7/5VGORGNINCP\





 4WDGN 2NCVKP  .GPKPITCF $KUEJQH +PPQ\GP\ 8GPKCOKPQX  I HGKP (D  5EJN    2.#6+02QNKGTVG2NCVVG



7658 Pt

7659 Pt

7660 Pt



 4WDGN 2NCVKP  .GPKPITCF $KUEJQH +PPQ\GP\ 8GPKCOKPQX  I HGKP (D  5EJN    2.#6+02QNKGTVG2NCVVG





4WDGN2NCVKP.GPKPITCF2QTVT·VUXQP<CT#NGZCPFGT+WPF-CKUGT0CRQN¾QP+IHGKP (D5EJN 2.#6+02QNKGTVG2NCVVG





4WDGN2NCVKP.GPKPITCF2QTVT·VUXQP<CT#NGZCPFGT+WPF-CKUGT0CRQN¾QP+IHGKP (D5EJN 2.#6+02QNKGTVG2NCVVG



7662

7661

7662



4WDGN/QUMCW.GX0KMQNCGXKE)TCH6QNUVQL .GQ6QNUVQL I(GKPIQNF(D 5EJN )1.&2QNKGTVG2NCVVG





4WDGN/QUMCW5V+UCCM-CVJGFTCNGKP5V2GVGTUDWTIGTDCWVI(GKPIQNF(D 5EJN )1.&2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



122


RUSSISCHE REPUBLIK

7663 Pd

7664 Pd



 4WDGN  .GPKPITCF 5GIGNUEJKHH 'NKUCDGVJ KO *CHGP FGT &TGK/GVTQRQNKVGP$WEJV FGT +PUGN   -QFKCMIHGKP(D5EJN 2#..#&+7/2QNKGTVG2NCVVG





 4WDGN  .GPKPITCF 5GIGNUEJKHH 0KEQNCL 2QTVT·V XQP #NGMUCPFT # $CTCPQX )TÃ&#x2019;PFGT FGT   *CWRVUVCFV0QXQ#TEJCPIGN UMCWHFGT+PUGN5KVMCIHGKP(D5EJN  2#..#&+7/2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



7665 Pd

ex 7666

ex 7667 Pd



4WDGN.GPKPITCF#DUEJCHHWPIFGT.GKDGKIGPUEJCHVKP4W­NCPFFWTEJ<CT#NGZCPFGT++ CNVGT<GKVTGEJPWPIIHGKP(D5EJN 2#..#&+7/2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



/Ã&#x2019;P\UCV\  DGUVGJGPF CWU   WPF  4WDGN CNNG /Ã&#x2019;P\UV·VVG .GPKPITCF 4WUUKUEJGU $CNNGVV   +PUIGUCOVI(GKPIQNF(D$$$5EJN\W\W\W  5VÃ&#x2019;EM)1.&2QNKGTVG2NCVVG 



/Ã&#x2019;P\UCV\  DGUVGJGPF CWU   WPF  4WDGN CNNG /Ã&#x2019;P\UV·VVG .GPKPITCF 4WUUKUEJGU $CNNGVV   +PUIGUCOVIHGKP(D$$$5EJN 5VÃ&#x2019;EM2#..#&+7/5VGORGNINCP\

7668 Pt





7669

4755+5%*'4'27$.+-5'+6 

4GRWDNKMUGKV4WDGN2NCVKP5V2GVGTUDWTI5GGUEJNCEJVXQP%GUOGIGIGPFKG6Ã&#x2019;TMGP IHGKP(D5EJN 2.#6+00WTOCZKOCN'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV2QNKGTVG2NCVVG





4WDGN/QUMCW/KMJCKN.QOQPQUQX 7PKXGTUCNIGNGJTVGT I(GKPIQNF(D 5EJN )1.&2QNKGTVG2NCVVG

 123


RUSSISCHE REPUBLIK

7670

7671 Pd

7671 Pd



4WDGN/QUMCW.CPFUKV\2CUMQX 2CUEJMQY KP/QUMCWI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN )1.&2QNKGTVG2NCVVG





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTI<CTKP-CVJCTKPC++PCEJGKPGO)GO·NFGXQP&.GXKVUM[IHGKP (D5EJN 2#..#&+7/2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



7672 Pt

7673 Pt



4WDGN2NCVKP5V2GVGTUDWTI+IQT(5VTCYLPUMKLIHGKP(D5EJN 2.#6+00WTOCZKOCN'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV2QNKGTVG2NCVVG





4WDGN2NCVKP5V2GVGTUDWTI024WOLCPVUGX 0CF[G\FJCWPF0GYC I HGKP(D5EJN 2.#6+00WTOCZ'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



7674

7675



4WDGN/QUMCW5EJÃ&#x2019;V\GWPUGTG7OYGNV.KGIGPFGT$·TI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN )1.&40WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV2QNKGTVG2NCVVG





4WDGN/QUMCW2QTVT·VXQP2LQVT+6UEJCKMQYUM[5\GPGCWUFGO5EJYCPGPUGG I(GKPIQNF(D5EJN )1.&2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



7676

7677 Pd

7677 Pd



 4WDGN  /QUMCW 2QTVT·V XQP 5GTIGL 9 4CEJOCPKPQX  /WUG OKV -TCP\  I   (GKPIQNF(D5EJN )1.&2QNKGTVG2NCVVG





 4WDGN  5V 2GVGTUDWTI 9GNVWOUGINWPI XQP , ( .KULCPUMKL WPF , ( -TWUGPUVGTP5EJCNWRRG 0CFG\FCIHGKP(D5EJN  2#..#&+7/0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



124


RUSSISCHE REPUBLIK

7678 Pd

7679 Pd



 4WDGN  5V 2GVGTUDWTI 9GNVWOUGINWPI XQP , ( .KULCPUMKL WPF , ( -TWUGPUVGTP5EJCNWRRG 0GYCIHGKP(Dp5EJN 2#..#&+7/0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV2QNKGTVG2NCVVG





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTI2QTVT·VXQP/QFGUV2/WUUQTIUMKLIHGKP(D5EJN 2#..#&+7/2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



7680 Pt

ex 7681



/Ã&#x2019;P\UCV\  5V 2GVGTUDWTI DGUVGJGPF CWU   WPF  4WDGN 4WUUKUEJGU $CNNGVV +PUIGUCOV   IHGKP(D$$$5EJN  2.#6+04,GYGKNUPWT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV2QNKGTVG2NCVVG 



/Ã&#x2019;P\UCV\/QUMCWDGUVGJGPFCWUWPF4WDGN4WUUKUEJGU$CNNGVV+PUIGUCOVI (GKPIQNF(D$C$C$C$C5EJN 5VÃ&#x2019;EM)1.&2QNKGTVG2NCVVG

ex 7682 Pd

7683 Pt



7683 Pt



/Ã&#x2019;P\UCV\5V2GVGTUDWTIDGUVGJGPFCWUWPF4WDGN4WUUKUEJGU$CNNGVV+PUIGUCOVI HGKP(D$$$5EJN 5VÃ&#x2019;EM2#..#&+7/5VGORGNINCP\





 4WDGN 2NCVKP  5V 2GVGTUDWTI 'TUVG TWUUKUEJG 'ZRGFKVKQP KP FKG #PVCTMVKU  5EJKHHG   WPF2KPIWKPGIHGKP(D5EJN 2.#6+02QNKGTVG2NCVVG



7684 Pt

7685



4WDGN2NCVKP5V2GVGTUDWTI&GT&·OQPXQP/KMJCKN#9TWDGNIHGKP (D5EJN 2.#6+00WTOCZKOCN'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV2QNKGTVG2NCVVG





4WDGN/QUMCW5EJÃ&#x2019;V\GWPUGTG7OYGNV.KGIGPFGT<QDGNI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN )1.&40WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV2QNKGTVG2NCVVG

 125


RUSSISCHE REPUBLIK

7686

7687



 4WDGN  /QUMCW 9CUUKN[ -CPFKPUM[   I (GKPIQNF (D  5EJN    )1.&2QNKGTVG2NCVVG





4WDGN/QUMCW2QTVT·VFGT%0GNKFQYCXQP&KOKVTK)TKIQTLGUKVUEJ.GYKV\M[I (GKPIQNF(D5EJN )1.&2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



7688 Pd





7689 Pd

 4WDGN  5V 2GVGTUDWTI 'TUVG TWUUKUEJG 'ZRGFKVKQP KP FKG #PVCTMVKU  5EJCNWRRG   /KTP[WPF2QTVT·VXQP-CRKV·P/.CUCTGYIHGKP(D5EJN  2#..#&+7/2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



 4WDGN  5V 2GVGTUDWTI 'TUVG TWUUKUEJG 'ZRGFKVKQP KP FKG #PVCTMVKU  5EJCNWRRG   8QUVQMWPF2QTVT·VXQP'ZRGFKVKQPUNGKVGT)(TGKJGTTXQP$GNNKPIUJCWUGPIHGKP(D5EJN 2#..#&+7/2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



7690 Pd

ex 7691



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTI+MQPG&KG&TGKHCNVKIMGKVXQP#PFTGL4WDNGYWOI HGKP(D5EJN 2#..#&+7/2QNKGTVG2NCVVG





/Ã&#x2019;P\UCV\/QUMCWDGUVGJGPFCWUWPF4WDGN4WUUKUEJGU$CNNGVV+PUIGUCOVI (GKPIQNF(D$$$$5EJN FQTVHCNUEJDGUEJTKGDGP   5VÃ&#x2019;EM)1.&2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



7692 Pt

7693



4WDGN2NCVKP5V2GVGTUDWTI5EJNCEJVCO(NW­0GYCIHGKP(D5EJN 2.#6+0/CZKOCN'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV2QNKGTVG2NCVVG





4WDGN/QUMCW#NGZCPFGT0GYUMK1TFGPI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN  )1.&2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



126


RUSSISCHE REPUBLIK

7694

7695 1:1,5

7695 1:1,5



 4WDGN  /QUMCW 'KUDTGEJGT -TCUUKP  4GVVWPI FGT 0QDKNG0QTFRQN'ZRGFKVKQP   I   (GKPIQNF(D5EJNp;GQ )1.&2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



 4WDGN  /QUMCW 6KGTYGNV  $·TGPOWVVGT OKV FTGK ,WPIGP  I (GKPUKNDGT ;GQ    2QNKGTVG2NCVVG 

7696



7697



 4WDGN  /QUMCW 'ZRGFKVKQP XQP ( 0CPUGP   I (GKPIQNF (D  5EJN p   ;GQ )1.&2QNKGTVG2NCVVG





4WDGN/QUMCW'TNÌUGTMKTEJGCPFGT0GYCI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN  )1.&2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



7699 Pd

7698 Pd

ex 7700 Pt



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTI(ÒTUV#NGZCPFGT0GYUMKIHGKP(D5EJN  2#..#&+7/2QNKGTVG2NCVVG





4WDGN/QUMCW4WUUKUEJGU$CNNGVVIHGKP(D$5EJN  2#..#&+7/2QNKGTVG2NCVVG





/ÒP\UCV\5V2GVGTUDWTIDGUVGJGPFCWUWPF4WDGN4WUUKUEJGU$CNNGVV&QTPTÌUEJGP +PUIGUCOVIHGKP(D$$$5EJN  5VÒEM2.#6+0,GYGKNUPWT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV2QNKGTVG2NCVVG

 127


RUSSISCHE REPUBLIK

ex 7701

7702



/ÒP\UCV\  /QUMCW DGUVGJGPF CWU    WPF  4WDGN 4WUUKUEJGU $CNNGVV  &QTPTÌUEJGP   +PUIGUCOVI(GKPIQNF(D$$$$5EJN  5VÒEM)1.&2QNKGTVG2NCVVG 



4WDGN/QUMCW#OWT6KIGTI(GKPIQNF(D  )1.&40WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV2QNKGTVG2NCVVG

7703



ex 7704



 4WDGN  /QUMCW #OWT 6KIGT  I (GKPIQNF +P 752NCUVKMJQNFGT FGT 0)% OKV FGT $G   YGTVWPI2(7.64#%#/'1(D )1.&40WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV2QNKGTVG2NCVVG 



/ÒP\UCV\/QUMCWD\Y5V2GVGTUDWTIDGUVGJGPFCWUWPF4WDGN4WUUKUEJGU$CNNGVV 0W­MPCEMGT+PUIGUCOVI(GKPIQNF(D$$$$ 5VÒEM)1.&2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



7705 1:1,3



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTI5GIGNUEJWNUEJKHH-TWUGPUVGTPI(GKPUKNDGT;GQ  40WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV+P1TKIKPCNUEJCVWNNG2QNKGTVG2NCVVG

ex 7706



ex 7707



/ÒP\UCV\  /QUMCW D\Y 5V 2GVGTUDWTI DGUVGJGPF CWU    WPF  4WDGN 4WUUKUEJGU   $CNNGVV5EJYCPGPUGG+PUIGUCOVI(GKPIQNF(D$$$$  5VÒEM)1.&2QNKGTVG2NCVVG 



/ÒP\UCV\  /QUMCW D\Y 5V 2GVGTUDWTI DGUVGJGPF CWU    WPF  4WDGN 4WUUKUEJGU   $CNNGVV4CKOQPFC+PUIGUCOVI(GKPIQNF(D$$$$ 5VÒEM)1.&2QNKGTVG2NCVVG 

128


LOTS UND SAMMLUNGEN

.16570&5#//.70)'04755+5%*'4/ª0<'070&/'&#+..'0 

2CWN +  -W&GPIC   -W-QRGMG  #NNG /ÒP\UV·VVG 'MCVGTKPDWTI $KVMKP    4  5VÒEM5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





0KMQNCWU+-W-QRGMGP'/ $KVMKP -W-QRGMGP'/ $KVMKP  -W-QRGMGP+IJQTUM Z$KVMKP  5VÒEM5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





-QRGMGP Z CNNG/ÒP\UV·VVG5V2GVGTUDWTI$KVMKP Z   5VÒEM*GPMGNURWT Z UGJTUEJÌP



#NGZCPFGT++-W-QRGMG $KVMKP -QRGMGP $KVMKP  $KVMKP  -QRGMGP $KVMKP -QRGMGP $KVMKP -W-QRGMG $KVMKP   5VÒEM9KP\4CPFHGJNGT Z XQT\ÒINKEJWPFDGUUGT



0KMQNCWU ++   4WDGN    4WDGN   &C\W 5QYLGVWPKQP    4WDGN 6UEJGTYQPG\  Z +PUIGUCOVI(GKPIQNF(D Z  Z  5VÒEM)1.&/GKUVXQT\ÒINKEJ 



-QRGMGP Z$KVMKP  Z$KVMKP -QRGMGP $KVMKP -W-QRGMGP  $KVMKP  5VÒEM8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



4WDGN Z +PUIGUCOVI(GKPIQNF(D  5VÒEM)1.&/GKUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN Z +PUIGUCOVI(GKPIQNF(D  5VÒEM)1.&/GKUVUGJTUEJÌP





5QYLGVWPKQP  5RKV\DGTIGP 4WUUKUEJGU /KPGPWPVGTPGJOGP #TMVKMWIQN    WPF    -QRGMGP  CNNG /ÒP\UV·VVG .GPKPITCF XQT\ÒINKEJ  6QMGP \W    WPF  4WDGN    5GTKG\W-QRGMGP Z 4WDGNKP0KEMGN#NWOKPKWOWPF-WRHGT  4WDGN   5VÒEM XGTUEJKGFGPG /QVKXG WPF /GVCNNG   4WDGN   5VÒEM XGTUEJKGFGPG   /QVKXGWPF/GVCNNG  5VÒEM5VGORGNINCP\WPFRQNKGTVG2NCVVG  -NGKPG 5COONWPI XQP TWUUKUEJGP -WTUOÒP\U·V\GP FGT ,CJTG       ,CJTG   4GXQNWVKQP               *QEJKPVGTGUUCPVGU1DLGMVDKVVGWPDGFKPIVDGUKEJVKIGP  +PUIGUCOV/ÒP\U·V\G5VGORGNINCP\D\YRQNKGTVG2NCVVG 



 





#NNIGOGKP-NGKPGU-QPXQNWVXQPTWUUKUEJGP5KNDGTOÒP\GPFGU,CJTJWPFGTVUXQO-QRGMGP5VÒEM DKU\WO4WDGN+PVGTGUUCPVGU.QVDKVVGDGUKEJVKIGP 5VÒEM/GKUVUGJTUEJÌP





-W-QRGMGP ªDGTRT·IWPIUURWTGP -W-QRGMGP-W-QRGMGP -W&GPIC 5VÒEM5GJTUEJÌPWPFDGUUGT





.QVXQP&GPIKFGU,CJTJWPFGTVUWCXQP2UMQY+PVGTGUUCPVGU.QVDKVVGDGUKEJVKIGP  5VÒEM5GJTUEJÌP





-NGKPG 5COONWPI XQP TWUUKUEJGP 5KNDGTMQRGMGP FGU  ,CJTJWPFGTVU XQO )TKXGPPKM  DKU \W    -QRGMGP  W C  -QRGMGP  )TKXGPPKM   -QRGMGP   -QRGMGP    -QRGMGP+PVGTGUUCPVGU.QVDKVVGDGUKEJVKIGP 5VÒEM5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





-NGKPG 5COONWPI XQP TWUUKUEJGP -WRHGTOÒP\GP FGU  ,CJTJWPFGTVU XQP FGT 2QNWUEJMC DKU\WO  -QRGMGP5VÒEM FCTWPVGT CWEJ \CJNTGKEJG JÒDUEJG 'TJCNVWPIGP *QEJKPVGTGUUCPVGU 1DLGMV DKVVG   DGUKEJVKIGP 5VÒEM(CUVUGJTUEJÌPpHCUV5VGORGNINCP\





-NGKPG 5COONWPI XQP TWUUKUEJGP /ÒP\GP WPF /GFCKNNGP FGU  ,CJTJWPFGTVU W C 4WDGN             Z          GVE*QEJKPVGTGUUCPVGU1DLGMVDKVVGDGUKEJVKIGP  5VÒEM'KPKIGOKV(GJNGTPOGKUVUGJTUEJÌP 



7OHCPITGKEJG 5COONWPI XQP TWUUKUEJGP 5KNDGT WPF -WRHGT0KEMGN)GFGPMOÒP\GP \WO 6JGOC    ,CJTG4W­NCPFXQP&KG5COONWPIUGV\VUKEJCWUWPF4WDGNUVÒEMGPCWHFGPGP5\G PGP2GTUQPGPWPFYKEJVKIG'TGKIPKUUGFGTTWUUKUEJGP)GUEJKEJVGCDIGDKNFGVUKPF\WUCOOGP&GU9GK VGTGPGPVJCNVGPUKPFGKPKIGTWUUKUEJG-WTUOÒP\GP 4WDGN FGTGT,CJTG+PVGTGU UCPVGU.QVDKVVGDGUKEJVKIGP 5VÒEM+P\YGKQTKIKPCNGP/ÒP\DQZGP8QT\ÒINKEJpRQNKGTVG2NCVVG -CVJCTKPC++-W2CTC &GPICU 5CFQIWTCIGRT·IVY·JTGPFFGTTWUUKUEJGP$GUGV \WPI/QNFCYKGPUWPFFGT9CNCEJGKY·JTGPFFGUVÒTMKUEJTWUUKUEJGP-TKGIGUJGTIGUVGNNVCWU-CPQPGP DTQP\G 0KMQNCWU +   4WDGN 2QNVKPC   5V 2GVGTUDWTI  4WDGN 2QNVKPC     9CTUEJCW-QRGMGPDGKFG/ÒP\UV·VVG5V2GVGTUDWTI#NGZCPFGT++4WDGN 5V2GVGTUDWTI-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTI&C\WFTGKWPGFNG/GFCKNNGP  5VÒEM-QTTQFKGTV Z UGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ +PVGTGUUCPVG 5COONWPI <KPP5WKVGPOGFCKNNGP XQP + $ )CUU 5 ,WFKP D\Y 6 +YCPQHH CWH FKG TWUUK   UEJGP )TQ­HÒTUVGP 4WTKM Z 5GTKGPPWOOGT   1NGI Z 5GTKGPPWOOGTP    +IQT Z 5GTKGP   PWOOGT   WPF 5YLCVQUNCY + Z 5GTKGPPWOOGTP   #WH FGP 8QTFGTUGKVGP KUV FCU IGJCTPKUEJVG   $TWUVDKNFFGULGYGKNKIGP*GTTUEJGTUTFCTIGUVGNNVFKG4ÒEMUGKVGP\GKIGPDGFGWVGPFG'TGKIPKUUGCWUFGTGP 4GIKGTWPIU\GKVGPECOOI&KCMQX 5VÒEM5GJTUEJÌP -NGKPG5COONWPIXQPFKXGTUGPTWUUKUEJGP/GFCKNNGPWPF,GVQPUFGU,CJTJWPFGTVUWC-TÌ PWPIULGVQP XQP 'NKUCDGVJ &KCMQX   VTCIDCTG UKNDGTPG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG CWH FGP 6QF FGU <CTGP   #MGZCPFGT+++ &KCMQX +PVGTGUUCPVGU.QVDKVVGDGUKEJVKIGP 5VÒEM5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ











  129


14&'070&'*4'0<'+%*'0

5GJTIGGJTVG5COONGTXGTGJTVG-WPFGP    8QT+JPGPNKGIVOKVFGO-CVCNQIFGT#WMVKQP\WOUGEJUVGP/CNGKPDGFGWVGPFGU#PIGDQVFGT(KTOC -ÒPMGT XQP 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP 'U HTGWV OKEJ FC­ YKT +JPGP JGWVG YKGFGT ÒDGT  1TFGP   'JTGP WPF #D\GKEJGP /KPKCVWTGP 1TFGPU WPF /KPKCVWTGPUEJPCNNGP UQYKG 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGP KP   ÒDGT  RTGKUYGTV VCZKGTVGP #WMVKQPUNQUGP CPDKGVGP MÌPPGP &KG 5VÒEMG MQOOGP \WO ITÌ­VGP 6GKN   CWU \YGK 5COONWPIGP GKPGT CWU *GUUGP UVCOOGPFGP CNVGP &GWVUEJNCPF5COONWPI UQYKG GKPGT   HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP'WTQRC5COONWPIOKVGKPKIGP'ZGORNCTGPCWUªDGTUGG   <WP·EJUVIGNCPIGPOGJTCNU.QUGOKV1TFGP'JTGPWPF#D\GKEJGPFGTFGWVUEJGP$WPFGUUVCCVGPDKU  XQTCNNGOCWU$CFGP$C[GTPCNNGPFTGK*GUUGP1NFGPDWTI2TGW­GP5CEJUGP5CEJUGP9GKOCT FGP 5·EJUKUEJGP *GT\QIVÒOGTP WPF 9ÒTVVGODGTI  \WO #WHTWH IGHQNIV XQP  .QUGP OKV   #WU\GKEJPWPIGP FGU &GWVUEJGP 4GKEJGU  .QUGP OKV #WU\GKEJPWPIGP FGU UQIGPCPPVGP ō&TKVVGP   4GKEJGUŋ WPF  .QUGP OKV #WU\GKEJPWPIGP FGT $WPFGUTGRWDNKM &GWVUEJNCPF &GP #DUEJNW­ FGU   FGWVUEJGP $GTGKEJGU DKNFGP  .QUG OKV ITQ­GP 1TFGPUUEJPCNNGP /KPKCVWTGPUEJPCNNGP WPF MGVVEJGP   (GNFUEJPCNNGPUQYKGGKPKIGFGTKOOGTUGJTDGNKGDVGPFGWVUEJGP-QPXQNWVG   &GT GWTQR·KUEJG 6GKN OKV ÒDGT  .QUGP DGKPJCNVGV W C FKG 5EJYGTRWPMVG $GNIKGP $WNICTKGP      (KPPNCPF (TCPMTGKEJ )TQ­DTKVCPPKGP +VCNKGP .WZGODWTI 5QWXGT·PGT /CNVGUGT 4KVVGTQTFGP 2QNGP   ¤UVGTTGKEJ2QTVWICN4WO·PKGP4W­NCPF5MCPFKPCXKGP5RCPKGPWPF8CVKMCP*GKNKIGT5VWJN   +O $GTGKEJ ªDGTUGG OKV ÒDGT  .QUGP NKGIGP FKG 5EJYGTRWPMVG DGK $TCUKNKGP ,CRCP 2GTUKGP FGT   6ÒTMGKWPFFGP8GTGKPKIVGP5VCCVGPXQP#OGTKMC   &GT -CVCNQI YWTFG YKGFGT WPVGT YKUUGPUEJCHVNKEJGP )GUKEJVURWPMVGP GTUVGNNV YKG FKG \CJNTGKEJGP   #POGTMWPIGP WPVGTJCND FGT GKIGPVNKEJGP $GUEJTGKDWPI FGU LGYGKNKIGP .QVU DGNGIGP +P FKGUGO   <WUCOOGPJCPI FCPMG KEJ DGUQPFGTU *GTTP 2TQH &T &T ) #PFTGCU 6COOCPP $CUGN  CWH FGUUGP    WOHCPITGKEJG8QTCTDGKVGPKEJYKGFGTQHV\WTÒEMITGKHGPMQPPVG   #O 8QTCDGPF XQT FGT #WMVKQP YKTF FGT -CVCNQICWVQT KP GKPGO $KNF8QTVTCI OKV FGO 6KVGN   ō#WU\GKEJPWPIGP KO 5RCPPWPIUHGNF \YKUEJGP 1TKIKPCN WPF (·NUEJWPI ņ 'KPG DGITKHHNKEJG #DITGP\WPI   \WT0WOKUOCVKMŋITWPFU·V\NKEJKPGKPKIG#URGMVGFGU5COOGNPUXQP1TFGPWPF'JTGP\GKEJGPGKPHÒJTGP DGUQPFGTU CWEJ KO *KPDNKEM CWH )GOGKPUCOMGKVGP WPF 7PVGTUEJKGFG \WT 0WOKUOCVKM &GT 8QTVTCI   TKEJVGVUKEJUQOKVPKEJVPWTCPFKG5COONGTXQP1TFGPWPF'JTGP\GKEJGPUQPFGTPCWEJWPFIGTCFGCP 0WOKUOCVKMGT5COONGTYKG*·PFNGTWPFCPCNNGITWPFU·V\NKEJCPFKGUGO6JGOC+PVGTGUUKGTVGP   +EJYÒPUEJG+JPGPUGJTIGGJTVGT5COONGTWPF-WPFGXKGN(TGWFGDGKO5VWFKWOFKGUGU-CVCNQIGUWPF KEJYÒTFGOKEJUGJTHTGWGPYGPPGKPKIGFGTJKGTCPIGDQVGPGP1DLGMVGCWEJ+JT+PVGTGUUGHKPFGPYÒTFGP   /KEJCGN#WVGPITWDGT 



130

#DDKNFWPIGPUKPFUQHGTPPKEJVCPFGTUCPIGIGDGPCWH…)TÌ­GXGTMNGKPGTV 'TJCNVWPIUCPICDGPWPF.KVGTCVWTXGT\GKEJPKUCO'PFGFGU-CVCNQIGU +HPQVQVJGTYKUGUVCVGFKOCIGUCTGTGFWEGFVQ…QHVJGQTKIKPCNUK\G#PGZRNCPCVKQPEQPEGTPKPIVJG VGTOUQHEQPFKVKQPCPFCDKDNKQITCRJ[CTGCXCKNCDNGCVVJGGPFQHVJGECVCNQIWG


DEUTSCHE STAATEN

8001 (1:1)

&'765%*'56##6'0 #0*#.6*'4<1)67/   

'TKPPGTWPIU\GKEJGP FGT *GT\QIKP9KVYG (TGFGTKMG \W #PJCNV$GTPDWTI 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV   QJPG$CPF$9-1'-5 4++



.CWV 5EJCTHGPDGTI KP 5$ 5   JCV *GT\QIKP9KVYG (TGFGTKMG \W #PJCNV$GTPDWTI OKV )GPGJOKIWPI *GT\QI   (TKGFTKEJU +  'KPPGTWPIU\GKEJGP XGTNKGJGP FCXQP  CP #PIGJÌTKIG FGU JGT\QINKEJGP *CWUGU WPF CP YGKVGTG   HÒTUVNKEJG2GTUQPGP

8002 (1:1)

$#&'0 /#4-)4#(5%*#(6 $+5   -74(ª456'067/   70&   )4155*'4<1)67/   

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJGT 1TFGP XQO <·JTKPIGT .ÌYGP $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­MTGW\ #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC   <WDGTKP-CTNUTWJG5KNDGT#WHNCIGPVGKNYGKUG)QNFGOCKNNKGTVMCWOUKEJVDCTG#DRNCV\WPIGPXQPITÒ PGT 'OCKNNG KP FTGK FGT $N·VVEJGP CWH FGO 4GXGTU *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI <7$'4 CP 0CFGN $9-   )-XCT1'- 4+p  -NGPCWHÒJTVKP)- 5++ CWUFC­,QUGRJ<WDGT CDCNU*QHLWYGNKGTDG\GKEJPGV WPFUGKP5QJP%CTNUGKV  IGOGKPUCO FKG (KTOC <WDGT WPF %Q HÒJTVGP %CTN <WDGT YKTF  NGV\OCNKI KO -CTNUTWJGT #FTG­DWEJ   IGPCPPV ,QUGRJ KUV /KVVG FGT GT ,CJTG XGTUVQTDGP &KG 8GTCTDGKVWPI FKGUGU $TWUVUVGTPU N·­V CWH GKPG HTÒJG   #PHGTVKIWPI UEJNKG­GP UQ FC­ XQP GKPGO *GTUVGNNWPIU\GKVTCWO WO  CWUIGICPIGP YGTFGP MCPP +P FGP   ,CJTGP\YKUEJGPDKUUKPFNCWV8QNNG KP8.5 )TQ­MTGW\GXGTNKGJGPYQTFGP

131


DEUTSCHE STAATEN

8003





8004

8005

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJGT 1TFGP XQO <·JTKPIGT .ÌYGP 4KVVGTMTGW\ D\Y UGKV   4KVVGTMTGW\  -NCUUG   OKV 'KEJGPNCWD 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV /GFCKNNQPU )QNF GOCKNNKGTV 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK )NCUHNW­ 'KEJGPNCWD   5KNDGT JQJN IGHGTVKIV WPF XGTDÌFGV XGTIQNFGVOKV$CPFKOQTKIKPCNGPIQNFGPDGFTWEMVGP8GTNGKJWPIU GVWKOKVQTKIKPCNGOªDGTMCTVQPOKVIGFTWEMVGT$G\GKEJPWPI$9-)-1'- ++



)TQ­JGT\QINKEJGT 1TFGP XQO <·JTKPIGT .ÌYGP 4KVVGTMTGW\  -NCUUG OKV 'KEJGPNCWD UGKV      6[R #WUHÒJTWPI FGT (KTOC %CTN (TKGFTKEJ <KOOGTOCPP KP 2HQT\JGKO    5KNDGT   /GFCKNNQPU)QNFGOCKNNKGTVHGKPUVG'OCKNNGOCNGTGK)NCUUVGKPG'KEJGPNCWD5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVHGUVOKVFGT ¤UGXGTDWPFGPCOCNVGP1TKIKPCNDCPFOKV6TCIGURCPIGUEJYGFKUEJGT#TV$9-1'- ++



5GJTUEJÌPIGHGTVKIVGUOGJTVGKNKIGU'KEJGPNCWDXQPXQT.CWV8QNNG KP8.5 YWTFGGVYCCDFGO,CJT FCU'KEJGPNCWDKPXGTIQNFGVGO5KNDGTXGTNKGJGPKP8GTDKPFWPIOKVGEJVIQNFGPGP/GFCKNNQPUDKU



)TQ­JGT\QINKEJGT 1TFGP XQO <·JTKPIGT .ÌYGP 4KVVGTMTGW\  -NCUUG UGKV    6[R  

#WUHÒJTWPI FGT (KTOC %CTN (TKGFTKEJ <KOOGTOCPP KP 2HQT\JGKO    5KNDGT /GFCKNNQPU   )QNFGOCKNNKGTVHGKPUVG'OCKNNGOCNGTGK)NCUUVGKPGCOCNVGP1TKIKPCNDCPF$9-1'- ++

8006





8007

8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNGHÒT8QTIGUGV\VGWPFMNGKPGTG8GTFKGPUVGD\Y%KXKNXGTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG   D\Y )TQ­JGT\QINKEJG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG    /QFGNN OKV FGO 2QTVTCKV )TQ­   JGT\QI .GQRQNFU    5KNDGTPG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG #WUHÒJTWPI OKV NCWV 8QNNG  8QTFGTUGKVGP   5VGORGN MÒT\GTG7OUEJTKHV WPF4ÒEMUGKVGPUVGORGN 2WPMVGFGUª\YKUEJGP4CPFWPF$WEJUVCDG  5KNDGTCWHFGO*CNUCDUEJPKVV5VGORGNUEJPGKFGTUKIPCVWT-#%*'.COCNVGP1TKIKPCNDCPF$9- 1'- ++



.CWV 8QNNG 8. 5   YWTFG FKGUG /GFCKNNG  OCN KP FGP ,CJTGP XQP  DKU  XGTNKGJGP 5EJQP WPVGT   /CTMITCH-CTN(TKGFTKEJ TGI UKPF8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNGPQJPG8QTJCPFGPUGKPXQPFKGUDG\ÒINKEJGP5VCVW VGP XGTNKGJGP YQTFGP 7O FKG 9GPFG \WO  ,CJTJWPFGTV DKNFGVG UKEJ GKPG &TGKUVWHKIMGKV ITQ­G WPF MNGKPG IQN   FGPGUKNDGTPG FGT#WU\GKEJPWPIJGTCWU#D)TQ­JGT\QI-CTN TGI GTJKGNVGPFKG/GFCKNNGPLGYGKNUFCU 2QTVTCKVFGU*GTTUEJGTU'TUVCO5GRVGODGTGTNKG­)TQ­JGT\QI(TKGFTKEJ+FKG5VCVWVGPHÒTFKG8GTNGKJWPI FGT )TQ­JGT\QINKEJGP 8GTFKGPUV WPF 4GVVWPIUOGFCKNNGP FKG KO 4GIKGTWPIUDNCVV 0T .8+ XQP  5GKVG    XGTÌHHGPVNKEJVYWTFGP#DFGOINGKEJGP,CJTMQPPVGPFKG/GFCKNNGPHÒT-TKGIUXGTFKGPUVCWEJCO$CPFFGU/KNV·TK UEJGP %CTN (TKGFTKEJ8GTFKGPUV1TFGPU D\Y FGT /GFCKNNG XGTNKGJGP YGTFGP /KV FGT#DUEJCHHWPIFGT/QPCTEJKG KO0QXGODGTGPFGVGCWEJFKG8GTNGKJWPIFGT8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNGP



 132

8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNGHÒT8QTIGUGV\VGWPFMNGKPGTG8GTFKGPUVGD\Y%KXKNXGTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG   D\Y )TQ­JGT\QINKEJG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG    /QFGNN OKV FGO 2QTVTCKV )TQ­JGT\QI   .GQRQNFU    CNVG <YGKVCPHGTVKIWPI FGT 5KNDGTPGP 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG 5KNDGTIW­ CWH FGO   *CNUCDUEJPKVV5VGORGNUEJPGKFGTUKIPCVWT-#%*'.KO4CPFRWP\KGTV%12;COUR·VGTGP$CPF +++ &KGUG-CVCNQIRQUKVKQPGPVH·NNV






DEUTSCHE STAATEN

8009 (1:1)



8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNGHÒT8QTIGUGV\VGWPFMNGKPGTG8GTFKGPUVGD\Y%KXKNXGTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG   D\Y )TQ­JGT\QINKEJG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG    /QFGNN OKV FGO ·NVGTGP 2QTVTCKV )TQ­   JGT\QI (TKGFTKEJ +     #WUHÒJTWPI QJPG 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGTUKIPCVWT    )QNF   IMNGKPG4CPFFGNNGCOPGWGP$CPFKOQTKIKPCNGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWKOKVIQNFHCTDGPGO/QPQITCOO ($9-1'- ++

8010



8011

8012

8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG HÒT 8QTIGUGV\VG WPF MNGKPGTG 8GTFKGPUVG D\Y %KXKNXGTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG  

 D\Y)TQ­JGT\QINKEJG8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG  /QFGNN OKVFGO·NVGTGP2QT VTCKV )TQ­JGT\QI (TKGFTKEJU +     #WUHÒJTWPI QJPG 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGTUKIPCVWT      5KNDGTCOPGWGP$CPF$9-1'- ++



8013



+PGKPGOJGTXQTTCIGPFGP'TJCNVWPIU\WUVCPF&KGUG/GFCKNNGIKNVCNUGKPGFGTCOUEJÌPUVGPIGUEJPKVVGPGP/GFCKNNGP FGT FGWVUEJGP 5VCCVGP .CWV 8QNNG 8. 5   YWTFG FKGUG /GFCKNNG  OCN KP FGP ,CJTGPXQPDKU XGTNKGJGPYQXQP8GTNGKJWPIGPCO$CPFFGU/KNV·TKUEJGP%CTN(TKGFTKEJ8GTFKGPUV1TFGPUD\YFGT/GFCKNNG GTHQNIVGP



.CPFYKTVUEJCHVUOGFCKNNG/QFGNN OKV2QTVTCKV)TQ­JGT\QI.GQRQNFU )TQ­G5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG VTCIDCTG #WUHÒJTWPI OKV $CPF #WUICDG OKV 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT\GKEJGP & &WTEJOGUUGT   OO5KNDGTCOCNVGP$CPF*5 44++



&KG ITWPFU·V\NKEJ PKEJV VTCIDCTG /GFCKNNG YWTFG UGKV FGT 4GIKGTWPIU\GKV )TQ­JGT\QI .WFYKIU   XQO   .CPFYKTVUEJCHVNKEJGP<GPVTCNXGTGKPKP$CFGPKPXKGT5VWHGP )TQ­GWPF-NGKPG)QNFGPGWPF)TQ­GWPF-NGKPG5KN DGTPG/GFCKNNG HÒTDGUQPFGTG.GKUVWPIGPCWHFGO)GDKGVGFGT.CPFYKTVUEJCHVXGTNKGJGP#NNGTFKPIUGTVGKNVG)TQ­ JGT\QI .GQRQNF NCWV *GUUGPVJCN WPF 5EJTGKDGT KP *5 5   CWH DGUQPFGTGP #PVTCI JKP XGTGKP\GNV FKG )GPGJOK   IWPIFKG/GFCKNNGCO$CPFFGT8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG\WVTCIGP7PVGT)TQ­JGT\QI(TKGFTKEJ+YWTFGUKGFWTEJ FKG/GFCKNNGHÒT.CPFYKTVUEJCHV)GYGTDGWPF*CPFGNGTUGV\V



'JTGP\GKEJGP HÒT #TDGKVGT WPF O·PPNKEJG &KGPUVDQVGP HÒT VTGWG 2HNKEJVGTHÒNNWPI  /QFGNN  

OKV 5 KP )415*'4<1)    $TQP\G CO CNVGP 1TKIKPCNDCPF KO UGNVGPGP QTKIKPCNGP   8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK$9-1'- ++



)GUVKHVGV XQP )TQ­JGT\QI (TKGFTKEJ + CO  0QXGODGT  XGTÌHHGPVNKEJV KO )GUGV\GU WPF 8GTQTFPWPIUDNCVV   0T ::+ XQP  5GKVG   7O FCU 'JTGP\GKEJGP \W GTJCNVGP OW­VG FGT $GNKGJGPG KP FGT 4GIGN OKPFGUVGPU    #TDGKVULCJTG IGTGEJPGV XQO  .GDGPULCJT CP  CWHYGKUGP 0CEJ FGT 4GIKGTWPIUÒDGTPCJOG XQP )TQ­JGT\QI   (TKGFTKEJ ++  YWTFG FCU $KNFPKU FGU 5VKHVGTU DGKDGJCNVGP  LGFQEJ FKG 7OUEJTKHV \YGK 5 KP )4155   *'4<1)  XGT·PFGTV  /QFGNN  8QP  DKU  UKPF NCWV 9KGPCPF WPF <GKV\ KP 9< 5   KPUIG   UCOV'JTGP\GKEJGPIGRT·IVYQTFGP#O/CKIGUVCVVGVG)TQ­JGT\QI(TKGFTKEJ++FKG*GTUVGNNWPIFGT /GFCKNNG CWU XGTMWRHGTVGO 'KUGP YQDGKFKGGTUVG5EJTGKDYGKUG )415*'4<1) YKGFGT\WXGTYGPFGPYCT  /QFGNN  0CEJ FGO 6JTQPXGT\KEJV(TKGFTKEJU++CO0QXGODGTYWTFGFKG8GTNGKJWPIFGU'JTGP\GKEJGPU GKPIGUVGNNV



'TKPPGTWPIU\GKEJGPHÒT)QNFGPGU'TKPPGTWPIU\GKEJGPOKV4KPI$TQP\G  XGTIQNFGVCO$CPF

QJPG/GVCNNH·FGP $9-1'- 44++



.CWV8QNNG KP8.5 UKPFPWT)QNFGPG'TKPPGTWPIU\GKEJGPOKV4KPIXGTNKGJGPYQTFGP&KGUGU'ZGORNCT WPVGTUEJGKFGVUKEJFGWVNKEJXQPFGPIGOGKPJKPDGMCPPVGP(·NUEJWPIGPOKVFGO5KNDGTUVGORGNCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG

133


DEUTSCHE STAATEN 

'JTGP\GKEJGP HÒT /KVINKGFGT FGT HTGKYKNNKIGP (GWGTYGJTGP 5RCPIG HÒT  &KGPUVLCJTG     $TQP\GXGTIQNFGVCWHIGNGIVCWH5EJPCNNGOKVQTKIKPCNGOCNVGO1TFGPUDCPFCPHNCEJGTWPFCDIGTWPFGVGT 0CFGN  6[R  &C\W 5RCPIG FGU (TGKUVCCVGU HÒT  &KGPUVLCJTG  /QFGNN   CP 0CFGN   $9-1'- 5VÒEM++



)TQ­JGT\QI(TKGFTKEJ+  UVKHVGVGFCU'JTGP\GKEJGPOKV.CPFGUJGTTNKEJGT8GTQTFPWPIXQO&G\GODGT  XGTÌHHGPVNKEJVKO)GUGV\GUWPF8GTQTFPWPIUDNCVV0T::8++5 HÒTL·JTKIG/KVINKGFUEJCHVKP GKPGTHTGKYKNNKIGP(GWGTYGJT/KV.CPFGUJGTTNKEJGT8GTQTFPWPIXQO#WIWUV XGTÌHHGPVNKEJVKO)GUGV\GU WPF8GTQTFPWPIUDNCVV0T:::+++5 YWTFGGKPG/GFCKNNGHÒTL·JTKIG/KVINKGFUEJCHVKPGKPGTHTGKYKN NKIGP (GWGTYGJT JKP\WIGHÒIV 0CEJ FGO 6JTQPXGT\KEJV )TQ­JGT\QI (TKGFTKEJU ++   CO  0QXGODGT   YWTFGFKG8GTNGKJWPIFGU'JTGP\GKEJGPUGKPIGUVGNNV

8015







8016

8017 8018

8019

&KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI HÒT -TCPMGPUEJYGUVGTP FGU $CFKUEJGP (TCWGPXGTGKPU -TGW\ HÒT :::8   &KGPUVLCJTG5KNDGTVGKNYGKUGXGTIQNFGV4GXGTUITCXWT/CTKC9KNN[+PITQUUGT<GKVVGKNYGKUG DGTKGDGPQJPG6TCIGDTQUEJGWPF-GVVG$9-1'- +++++



&KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPIHÒT-TCPMGPUEJYGUVGTPFGU$CFKUEJGP(TCWGPXGTGKPU-TGW\HÒT:&KGPUVLCJTG 5KNDGT4GXGTUITCXWT'XC(KUEJGTVGKNYGKUGDGTKGDGPQJPG6TCIGDTQUEJGWPF-GVVG$9- 1'- ++



(GNFFKGPUV#WU\GKEJPWPI )GUEJÒV\DTQP\G CO QTKIKPCNGP \GKVIGPÌUUKUEJGP $CPF OKV \YGK $CPFURCP   IGPWPF NGV\VGTGQJPG2WPMV $TQP\G$9-1'-XCT ++



#PN·­NKEJFGU,CJTGUVCIGUFGU#WUOCTUEJGUFGTDCFKUEJGP.CPFYGJTIGIGP(TCPMTGKEJ KO,CJTG HCPFCO  (GDTWCT  KP 1HHGPDWTI GKP ITQ­GU (GUV UVCVV KP FGUUGP 8GTNCWH FKG #NNGTJÌEJUVG 'PVUEJNKG­WPI )TQ­JGT\QI   .GQRQNFU  ÒDGTFKG5VKHVWPIFGT(GNFFKGPUV#WU\GKEJPWPIXQO,CPWCTXGTMÒPFGVWPFFKGGTUVGP 8GTNGKJWPIGP XQTIGPQOOGP YWTFG )GO·­ h  FGT 8QTUEJTKHVGP ÒDGT FKG (GNFFKGPUV#WU\GKEJPWPI GTNCPIVG LGFGT   FCTCWH #PURTWEJ FGT DKUJGT KP FGO )TQ­JGT\QINKEJGP #TOGG%QTRU KP FGT .KPKG QFGT FGT .CPFYGJT IWV IGFKGPV   WPFGKPGO(GNF\WIVCFGNNQUDGKIGYQJPVQFGTGKPHTÒJGTGU8GTIGJGPFWTEJUR·VGTXQT\ÒINKEJG&KGPUVNGKUVWPIYKGFGT IWVIGOCEJV JCV &KG /GFCKNNGP YWTFGP OKV $CPFURCPIGP /GVCNNUEJNGKHG IGPCPPV XGTNKGJGPCWHFGPGPFKG,CJTGU \CJN GP FGTGPVURTGEJGPFGP(GNF\ÒIGCPIGDTCEJVYCTGP5QICDGU$CPFURCPIGPOKVFGP,CJTGU\CJNGP (ÒTFKGOKNKV·TKUEJGP #WUGKPFGTUGV\WPIGP FGT ,CJTG  YWTFG FKG (GNFFKGPUV#WU\GKEJPWPI GTPGWGTV WPF OKV GPVURTGEJGPFGP   $CPFURCPIGP XGTNKGJGP (ÒT FKG 6GKNPGJOGT CP FGP )GHGEJVGP DGK -CPFGTP)ÒPVGTUVJCN(TGKDWTIWPF5VCWHGPKO ,CJTGYWTFGFCU'JTGP\GKEJGPCNUDGUQPFGTG#WU\GKEJPWPIOKVTÒEMUGKVKIITCXKGTVGO)GHGEJVUQTVWPFCO$CPF FGT/KNKV·TKUEJGP-CTN(TKGFTKEJ8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNGXGTNKGJGP#WEJHÒTFKG-TKGIGXQPWPFYWTFG FKG(GNFFKGPUV#WU\GKEJPWPILGYGKNUGTPGWGTVWPFOKVGPVURTGEJGPFGP$CPFURCPIGPXGTNKGJGP)GO·­#NNGTJÌEJUVGO $GHGJN)TQ­JGT\QI(TKGFTKEJ+  XQO#RTKNYWTFGFKG(GNFFKGPUV#WU\GKEJPWPIGTPGWGTVWPF U·OVNKEJGP1HHK\KGTGP-TKGIUDGCOVGPWPF/CPPUEJCHVGPYGNEJGKPFGP(GNF\ÒIGPWPFCPGKPGO )GHGEJV QFGT GKPGT $GNCIGTWPI 6JGKN IGPQOOGP JCDGP QFGT \W MTKGIGTKUEJGP <YGEMGP FGP 4JGKP ÒDGTUEJTKVVGP   JCDGPXGTNKGJGP#WHITWPFFGU'PFGUFGT/QPCTEJKGKO0QXGODGTMCOGUPKEJVOGJT\WGKPGT'TPGWG TWPIFGU(GNFFKGPUV'JTGP\GKEJGPUHÒTFGP'TUVGP9GNVMTKGIUQFC­FCU'JTGP\GKEJGP\WNGV\VXGTNKGJGPYQTFGP KUV XIN8QNNGKP8.5HH 



(GNFFKGPUV#WU\GKEJPWPI )GUEJÒV\DTQP\G CO QTKIKPCNGP \GKVIGPÌUUKUEJGP $CPF OKV $CPFURCPIG    NGV\VGTGOKV2WPMV $TQP\G$9-1'- ++





'TKPPGTWPIUMTGW\ HÒT  CWEJ 'TKPPGTWPIUMTGW\ HÒT HTGKYKNNKIG *KNHUV·VKIMGKV Y·JTGPF   FGU-TKGIGUIGPCPPV )QNFDTQP\GCOPGWGP$CPF$9-1'- ++



&CU 'JTGP\GKEJGP YWTFG CO  ,WPK  XQP )TQ­JGT\QI (TKGFTKEJ + IGUVKHVGV XGTÌHHGPVNKEJV KO)GUGV\GUWPF 8GTQTFPWPIUDNCVV 0T ::8 XQP  5GKVG  'UYWTFGCP(TCWGPWPF/·PPGTXGTNKGJGPFKGUKEJFGT2HNGIG FGT8GTYWPFGVGPWPF-TCPMGPFGT(ÒTUQTIGHÒTFKG6TWRRGPWPF7PVGTUVÒV\WPIFGT(COKNKGPFGT\WO-TKGIUFKGPUV IG\QIGPGP4GUGTXKUVGPWPF.CPFYGJTO·PPGTIGYKFOGVJCDGP

134


DEUTSCHE STAATEN

ex 8021 8020

ex 8022



&KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPIUMTGW\HÒT1HHK\KGTG/QFGNN  -TGW\-NCUUGHÒT&KGPUVLCJTG $TQP\GXGTIQNFGV#WHNCIG5KNDGTCOCNVGP1TKIKPCNDCPF$9-1'- ++





&KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI HÒT 7PVGTQHHK\KGTG WPF 5QNFCVGP  /QFGNN   -QPXQNWV XQP \YGK   #WU\GKEJPWPIGPHÒT:++&KGPUVLCJTG'KUGPIGUEJY·T\VOKV5KNDGTTCJOGPGKPGOKVWPNGUGTNKEJGT*GT UVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG CP CNVGP 1TKIKPCND·PFGTP LGYGKNU QJPG 6TCIGURCPIG $9-    1'- 5VÒEM++



.CPFYGJT&KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI-QPXQNWVXQPFTGK'ZGORNCTGP /QFGNN  QJPG'KUGP TCJOGP CWHIGP·JV CWH $CPF HÒTFKGINCVVG1TFGPUUEJPCNNG /QFGNN  KPQHHK\KGNNG#WU HÒJTWPI HÒT FKG ITQ­G 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CP MTCWUGT 'KPGT1TFGPU   UEJPCNNG    /QFGNN   /GFCKNNG $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV CO $CPF $9-   1'-    5VÒEM++





8023



'TKPPGTWPIU/GFCKNNG HÒT FKG FGO $CFKUEJGP /KNKV·TXGTGKPU8GTDCPF CPIGJÌTGPFGP 8GTGKPG  

5KNDGTPG  'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG HÒT  ,CJTG (QTOCV  Z  OO $TQP\G XGTUKNDGTV QJPG $CPF   $9-1'- ++



#O#WIWUVUVKHVGVG)TQ­JGT\QI(TKGFTKEJ+CWU#PNC­FGUL·JTKIGP,WDKN·WOUFGU5KGIGUXQPFKGUG (CJPGPOGFCKNNG 5KG YWTFG CP 8GTGKPG FGU /KNKV·TXGTGKPU8GTDCPFGU XGTNKGJGP FKG  ,CJTG WPF OGJT DGUVCPFGP   /KV'TNC­XQO1MVQDGTUVKHVGVG)TQ­JGT\QI(TKGFTKEJ++FKG)QNFGPG'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNGOKV-TQPGFKG CP-TKGIGTXGTGKPGXGTNKGJGPYWTFGFKG,CJTGWPFN·PIGTDGUVCPFGP0CEJFGO6JTQPXGT\KEJV(TKGFTKEJU++CO 0QXGODGTYWTFGFKG8GTNGKJWPIFGU'JTGP\GKEJGPUGKPIGUVGNNV



7TMWPFGP 6GKN0CEJNC­ FGU /CLQTU -CTN 'OKN )WUVCX 9KGVJQNV\ KO  .CPFUVWTO+PHCPVGTKG$C   VCKNNQP.ÌTTCEJ :+8  2CVGPV\WO2QTVGRGG(·JPTKEJFCVKGTV$GTNKP#WIWUVOKVITQ­GO 2TG­5KGIGN   2CVGPV \WO 5GEQPFNKGWVGPCPV FCVKGTV $GTNKP  /·T\  OKV ITQ­GO 2TG­5KGIGN     2CVGPV \WO 1DGTNGWVPCPV FGT +PHCPVGTKG FCVKGTV $GTNKP  (GDTWCT  OKV ITQ­GO 2TG­5KGIGN     8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG \WT <GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG OKV 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV FGU )GPGTCNU FGT +PHCPVGTKG XQP   $NWODGTI MQOOCPFKGTGPFGP )GPGTCNU FGU  #TOGG-QTRU   8QTN·WHKIG$GUKV\7TMWPFG\WO'KUGT PGP-TGW\++-NCUUGFCVKGTV,WNK7PVGTUEJTKHVGKPGU)GPGTCNNGWVPCPVU 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG\WO 4KVVGTMTGW\ GTUVGT -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP FGU 1TFGPU XQO <·JTKPIGT .ÌYGP FCVKGTV -CTNUTWJG   #WIWUV 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG\WO'JTGPMTGW\HÒT(TQPVM·ORHGTFCVKGTV-QRGPJCIGP  CO  /·T\  OKV 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV FGU FGWVUEJGP )GUCPFVGP (TGKJGTTP XQP 4KEJVJQHGP   )TQ­G   6KUEJQTFPWPIGKPGU$CPMGVVUOKVFGO-CKUGTRCCTFGO-TQPRTKP\GPWPF\CJNTGKEJGPDGFGWVGPFGP\KXKNGP WPF OKNKV·TKUEJGP 2GTUÌPNKEJMGKVGP YQTCP CWEJ 9KGVJQNV\ VGKNIGPQOOGP JCV #NNG &QMWOGPVGIGHCNVGV 5VÒEM++

 135


DEUTSCHE STAATEN 

7TMWPFGPPCEJNC­ FGU 1DGTRQUVFKTGMVQTU .GQRQNF #NDGTV 8QIGN   $GTGEJVKIWPIUUEJGKP \WO GKP   L·JTKIHTGKYKNNKIGP &KGPUV OKV 'TI·P\WPIGP CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG \CJNTGKEJGP 7PVGTUEJTKHVGP WPF 5VGO   RGNP NGKEJVGKPIGTKUUGP  5KIPCVWT\WO1DGTRQUVUGMTGV·TKP/CPPJGKOFCVKGTV$CFGPCO,WNK OKVITQ­GO2CRKGTUKGIGNWPF1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV)TQ­JGT\QI(TKGFTKEJ+ 5KIPCVWT\WO2QUVKPURGM VQTKP(TGKDWTIFCVKGTV-CTNUTWJGCO#RTKNOKVITQ­GO2CRKGTUKGIGNWPF1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV )TQ­JGT\QI (TKGFTKEJ +   5KIPCVWT \WO 8K\G2QUVFKTGMVQT KP /CPPJGKO FCVKGTV -CTNUTWJG CO    1MVQDGTOKVITQ­GO2CRKGTUKGIGNWPF1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV)TQ­JGT\QI(TKGFTKEJ++  5KIPC VWT\WO2QUVFKTGMVQTKP#EJGTPFCVKGTV-CTNUTWJGCO&G\GODGTOKVITQ­GO2CRKGTUKGIGNWPF 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV )TQ­JGT\QI (TKGFTKEJ ++   $GUVCNNWPI CNU 1DGTRQUVFKTGMVQT FCVKGTV $GTNKP CO    ,WNK  OKV ITQ­GO 2T·IG4GKEJUUKGIGN WPF 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV FGU 4GKEJURT·UKFGPVGP (TKGFTKEJ   'DGTV#NNG&QMWOGPVGIGMPKEMVCDGTKPUGJTIWVGO<WUVCPF 5VÒEM++



8026

8027

$#;'40-74(ª456'067/ $+5 70&-¤0+)4'+%*   

-ÌPKINKEJ $C[GTKUEJGT *CWUTKVVGTQTFGP XQO JGKNKIGP *WDGTVWU )TQ­GT IGUVKEMVGT $TWUVUVGTP FGT   5WRTCYGUVG \WT )TQ­GP )CNCWPKHQTO FGT -ÌPKINKEJGP .GKDICTFG FGT *CTVUEJKGTG &WTEJOGUUGT  EO   5KNDGTWPF)QNFHCFGP XGTIQNFGVGU5KNDGT 5KNDGTDNGEJXGTIQNFGVTQVGT5COVOKP$GUEJ·FKIWPIGPCP FGP5RKV\GPGVYCUIGFWPMGNVCWHFGO4GXGTUXKGT$GHGUVKIWPIUJCMGPWPF'KIGPVÒOGT<GVVGN*#*0 ++p



-ÌPKINKEJ $C[GTKUEJGT *CWUTKVVGTQTFGP XQO JGKNKIGP *WDGTVWU )TQ­GT IGUVKEMVGT $TWUVUVGTP FGT   5WRTCYGUVG \WT )TQ­GP )CNCWPKHQTO FGT -ÌPKINKEJGP .GKDICTFG FGT *CTVUEJKGTG &WTEJOGUUGT  EO   5KNDGTWPF)QNFHCFGP XGTIQNFGVGU5KNDGT 5KNDGTDNGEJXGTIQNFGVTQVGT5COVOKP$GUEJ·FKIWPIGPCP FGP5RKV\GPGVYCUIGFWPMGNVCWHFGO4GXGTUXKGT$GHGUVKIWPIUJCMGPOKV+PXGPVCT\GVVGN.5VÒEM .75) ++p+++



5GJTHGKPIGCTDGKVGVGTWPF·W­GTUVFGMQTCVKXGT5VGTP



136


DEUTSCHE STAATEN

8028



-ÌPKINKEJ $C[GTKUEJGT *CWUTKVVGTQTFGP XQO JGKNKIGP *WDGTVWU )TQ­GT IGUVKEMVGT $TWUVUVGTP FGT   5WRTCYGUVG \WT )TQ­GP )CNCWPKHQTO FGT -ÌPKINKEJGP .GKDICTFG FGT *CTVUEJKGTG &WTEJOGUUGT  EO   5KNDGTWPF)QNFHCFGP XGTIQNFGVGU5KNDGT 5KNDGTDNGEJXGTIQNFGVTQVGT5COVOKP$GUEJ·FKIWPIGPCP FGP 5RKV\GP GVYCU IGFWPMGNV CWH FGO 4GXGTU XKGT $GHGUVKIWPIUJCMGP WPF 'KIGPVÒOGT<GVVGN   2(#44&4'5%*'4 ++p+++



8030 8029



8GTFKGPUVQTFGP XQO JGKNKIGP /KEJCGN  /QFGNN   -TGW\  -NCUUG OKV -TQPG   5KNDGTGOCKNNKGTVCOPGWGP$CPF$9-)-1'- ++



5EJÌPGU·NVGTGU'ZGORNCTOKVHGKPRQNKGTVGP-TQPGPMCPVGP&GTWTURTÒPINKEJXQP,QUGRJ%NGOGPUXQP$C[ GTP-WTHÒTUVWPF'T\DKUEJQHXQP-ÌNPIGUVKHVGVG/KEJCGNU1TFGPYWTFGWPFUEJNKG­NKEJPCEJWPF PCEJ KP FGP FTGKMNCUUKIGP )TQ­MTGW\ 4KVVGT 'JTGPTKVVGT  4KVVGT*CWU1TFGP XQO JGKNKIGP /KEJCGN WOIGHQTOV   &KGUGPYCPFGNVGUEJNKG­NKEJ-ÌPKI.WFYKI+CO,CPWCTKPFGPFTGKMNCUUKIGP )TQ­MTGW\-QOVWT4KVVGT  8GTFKGPUVQTFGP XQO JN /KEJCGN WO  YWTFGP CNU PGWG -NCUUG FKG )TQ­MQOVWTG GKPIGHÒJTV  YWTFG FGT   1TFGP PGW QTICPKUKGTV WPF WOHC­VG PWPOGJT )TQ­MTGW\    -NCUUG OKV WPF QJPG 5VGTP    -NCUUG OKV   -TQPG 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\WPF5KNDGTPG8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNGMCOGPFKG$TQP\GPG8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNGWPFFKG  -NCUUG QJPG -TQPG  WPF FCU 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ OKV -TQPG JKP\W /KV FGT #DFCPMWPI-ÌPKI.WFYKIU+++KO0Q XGODGT  YWTFGP FKG 8GTNGKJWPIGP GKPIGUVGNNV XIN CWEJ 6TQUV .WFYKI &KG )GUEJKEJVG FGU 5V /KEJCGNU   1TFGPU KP $C[GTP WPF FGT 5V /KEJCGNU$TWFGTUEJCHV UGKV FGO ,CJTG  DKU CWH FKG )GIGPYCTV /ÒPEJGP WPF   .GKR\KI 



'T\DTWFGTUEJCHVFGUJGKNKIGP/KEJCGN\W$GTICO.CKOKP/ÒPEJGP)QNFGPG$TWFGTUEJCHVUOGFCKNNG 5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVOKV'OCKNNGTGUVGPQJPG$CPF +8



8QPGKPGOHTQOOGP$C[GTPXKGNIGVTCIGPG/GFCKNNG&KGXQP,QUGRJ%NGOGPU*GT\QIXQP$C[GTP-WTHÒTUV 'T\DKUEJQH XQP -ÌNP \WUCOOGPOKVFGO4KVVGTQTFGPXQOJGKNKIGP/KEJCGNIGUVKHVGVGWPFJGWVGPQEJGZKUVKGTGPFG 'T\DTWFGTUEJCHV FGU JGKNKIGP /KEJCGN \W $GTI CO .CKO KP /ÒPEJGP YCT FGO 4KVVGT*CWU1TFGP XQO JGKNKIGP   /KEJCGNWPFFGOFCTCWUJGTXQTIGICPIGPGP8GTFKGPUVQTFGPXQOJGKNKIGP/KEJCGN\WIGQTFPGVFGUUGP6TCFKVKQPUKG DKU KP FKG )GIGPYCTV HQTVHÒJTV XIN 6TQUV .WFYKI  &KG )GUEJKEJVG FGU 5V /KEJCGNU1TFGPU KP $C[GTP WPF FGT   5V/KEJCGNU$TWFGTUEJCHVUGKVFGO,CJTGDKUCWHFKG)GIGPYCTV/ÒPEJGPWPF.GKR\KIUQYKG$GPMGT 5KGIOWPF-KGV\KI1VVQWPFCPFGTG3WKUWV&GWU,CJTG'T\DTWFGTUEJCHV5V/KEJCGN$GTICO.CKO/ÒP EJGP/ÒPEJGP 

137


DEUTSCHE STAATEN

8032

8031



'T\DTWFGTUEJCHVFGUJGKNKIGP/KEJCGN\W$GTICO.CKOKP/ÒPEJGP)QNFGPG$TWFGTUEJCHVUOGFCKNNG 5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVKO$CPFTKPIRWP\KGTVQJPG$CPF +++





'T\DTWFGTUEJCHVFGUJGKNKIGP/KEJCGN\W$GTICO.CKOKP/ÒPEJGP5KNDGTPG$TWFGTUEJCHVUOGFCKNNG 5KNDGTCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVGRWP\KGTVQJPG$CPF +++





'T\DTWFGTUEJCHVFGUJGKNKIGP/KEJCGN\W$GTICO.CKOKP/ÒPEJGP<YGKDTQP\GPG$TWFGTUEJCHVU OGFCKNNGPGKPGITÌ­GTGWPFGKPGMNGKPGTGKPXGTUEJKGFGPGP2T·IWPIGPFCXQPGKPGUGJTUVCTMIGVTCIGP QJPG$CPF 5VÒEM++



8034



8035

8036

8037

/KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVQTFGP -TGW\  -NCUUG OKV -TQPG WPF 5EJYGTVGTP    #WUHÒJTWPI  

  #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC *GOOGTNG KP /ÒPEJGP 5KNDGT /GFCKNNQPU )QNF GOCKNNKGTV CWH   FGO4GXGTUFGT#ITCHHG*GTUVGNNGTRWP\G)*FGT(KTOC*GOOGTNGWPFGT5KNDGTRWP\GCWHGKPGT 5EJYGTVURKV\G *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G )* WPF GT 5KNDGTRWP\G OKV UEJOCNGO MWT\GO $CPFUVÒEM KO   JGNNDNCWGPUKNDGTHCTDKIDGFTWEMVGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK$9-1'- +p++



&GT \WP·EJUV HÒPHMNCUUKIG 1TFGP OKV CHHKNKKGTVGO /KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ YWTFG XQP -ÌPKI .WFYKI ++ CO  ,WNK   IGUVKHVGV'TGTHWJTKO.CWHGUGKPGU$GUVGJGPUOGJTGTG8GT·PFGTWPIGPWPF'TYGKVGTWPIGP     WPF   #D  DGUVCPF GT CWU  -NCUUGP FKG OGKUV KP OGJTGTG )TCFG WPVGTVGKNV UKPF  

)TQ­MTGW\-NCUUG-NCUUGOKVWPFQJPG5VGTP1HHK\KGTUMTGW\4KVVGTWPF-NCUUGOKVWPFQJPG-TQPG  WPF FGO CHHKNKKGTVGP FTGKMNCUUKIGP /KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ OKV WPF QJPG -TQPG #D  MQPPVGP CNNG -NCUUGP OKV   5EJYGTVGTPWPFCDCWEJFKG-NCUUGWPFFCU)TQ­MTGW\CNU*ÌJGTUVWHWPIOKVFGT-TQPGXGTNKGJGPYGT FGP/KVFGO6JTQPXGT\KEJV-ÌPKI.WFYKIU+++KO0QXGODGTGTNQUEJCWEJFGT1TFGP







138

/KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVQTFGP -TGW\  -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP    #WUHÒJTWPI     #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC 9GKUU  %Q 5KNDGT /GFCKNNQPU )QNF GOCKNNKGTV QDGTHN·EJNKEJGT 'OCKNNGEJKR   CWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVGFGUQDGTGP-TGW\CTOUCWHFGO4GXGTUFGT#ITCHHG*GTUVGNNGTRWP\G9%QFGT(KTOC 9GKUUWPFGT5KNDGTRWP\GCWHGKPGT5EJYGTVURKV\G*GTUVGNNGTRWP\G9%QWPFGT5KNDGTRWP\GCO $CPF KO DTCWPGP UKNDGTHCTDGP DGFTWEMVGP QTKIKPCNGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK$9-)-1'-  ++++p+++



/KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVQTFGP -TGW\  -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP    #WUHÒJTWPI     #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC 9GKUU  %Q 5KNDGT /GFCKNNQPU )QNF GOCKNNKGTV GKPG -TGW\URKV\G NGKEJV IG   UVCWEJVWPFOKVOKP'OCKNNGCDRNCV\WPIGPCWHFGO4GXGTUFGT#ITCHHG*GTUVGNNGTRWP\G9%QFGT(KTOC 9GKUUWPFGT5KNDGTRWP\GCOUEJOCNGPMWT\GP$CPF$9-)-1'- ++



/KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVQTFGP -TGW\  -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP    #WUHÒJTWPI 4CPF CWH FGO   4GXGTUFGUWPVGTGP-TGW\CTOGUGVYCUDTGKVGT #PHGTVKIWPIFGT(KTOC9GKUU%Q5KNDGT VGKNYGKUGXGTIQNFGVGOCKNNKGTVOKPQDGTHN·EJNKEJGT'OCKNNGEJKRCWHFGO#XGTUFGUWPVGTGP-TGW\CTOU CWHFGO4GXGTUFGT#ITCHHG*GTUVGNNGTRWP\G9%QFGT(KTOC9GKUUWPFGT5KNDGTRWP\GCOUEJOC NGPMWT\GP$CPF$9-)-1'- +p++




DEUTSCHE STAATEN

8042

8039 8038





/KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ FGU /KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVQTFGPU  /QFGNN   UR·VGTG <YGKVCPHGTVK   IWPI EQR[ FGU-TGW\GU-NCUUGOKV-TQPGWPF5EJYGTVGTP$TQP\GXGTIQNFGV8QTFGTUGKVGPOGFCKNNQP NCEMKGTVCO$CPFKO'VWKXQP.GUGTOKVJCPFUEJTKHVNKEJIG·PFGTVGT-NCUUGP\CJN ++



/KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ FGU /KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVQTFGPU  /QFGNN   -TGW\  -NCUUG OKV   5EJYGTVGTP $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV #XGTU WPF 4GXGTUOGFCKNNQPU )QNF   #XGTUOGFCKNNQP OGJTVGKNKI    GOCKNNKGTV OKP QDGTHN·EJNKEJGT %JKR KP FGT YGK­GP 'OCKNNG KO $CPFTKPI RWP\KGTV 9% QJPG $CPF   $9-)-'- 4++



'KPGUFGTYGPKIGPQTKIKPCNGP#PHGTVKIWPIGP







/KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ FGU /KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVQTFGPU  /QFGNN   -TGW\  -NCUUG OKV   5EJYGTVGTP $TQP\G XGTUKNDGTV #XGTUOGFCKNNQP GOCKNNKGTV OKV MWT\GO CNVGP $CPF $9-    )-1'- ++



/KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ FGU /KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVQTFGPU  /QFGNN   -QPXQNWV XQP XKGT 'Z   GORNCTGPZ-NCUUGOKV5EJYGTVGTP$TQP\GFCXQP\YGKXGTMWRHGTV\YGKCO$CPFZ-NCUUG OKV -TQPG WPF 5EJYGTVGTP $TQP\G XGTMWRHGTV \WUCOOGP CP ITQ­GT INCVVGT GT 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG OKV   'KUGTPGO -TGW\ #WUICDG  -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG <CTIG 5KNDGT KO $CPFTKPI RWP\KGTV -#$   #P0CFGN 5VÒEM++



<KXKNXGTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG/QFGNN OKV+PUEJTKHV%*74(ª456<72(#.<$#+'40  $TQP\GCDUEJNCIFGT/GFCKNNGWPIGJGPMGNV ++



5EJÌPGT$GNGIHÒTFKGKO1TKIKPCNPCJG\WPKEJVDGUEJCHHDCTG/GFCKNNG

8043 8044



8045

.GDGPUTGVVWPIUOGFCKNNG 5KNDGT OKV 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGTUKIPCVWT 1 5%*#4(( CO MWT\GP UR·VGTGP   $CPF$9-1'- +p++



*GTXQTTCIGPFGTJCNVGPGU'ZGORNCT



2TKP\TGIGPV.WKVRQNF/GFCKNNG  /GFCKNNGKP5KNDGT5KNDGTCO$CPF1'-

++



.CPFYKTVUEJCHVNKEJG ,WDKN·WOUOGFCKNNG   $TQP\GOGFCKNNG $TQP\G CO CNVGP $CPF $9-    1'- ++

  139


DEUTSCHE STAATEN

8046 (1:1)



/KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG D\Y CD   6CRHGTMGKVUOGFCKNNG  /QFGNN OKV 2QTVTCKV XQP -ÌPKI   /CZ + ,QUGRJ  CD    #WUHÒJTWPI MNGKPGTGT -QRH QJPG 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGTUKIPCVWT     EC  5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG &WTEJOGUUGT  OO 5KNDGT  I QJPG $CPFTKPI WPF QJPG   $CPF$9-1'- 4++p+++



&GWVNKEJIGVTCIGPGULGFQEJ\YGKHGNUHTGKQTKIKPCNGU'ZGORNCT

8049 8047



8048

/KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG D\Y CD   6CRHGTMGKVUOGFCKNNG NVGTG 0CEJRT·IWPI MGKP )W­    HÒTFKGITQ­G1TFGPUUEJPCNNG5KNDGTQJPG5VGORGNUEJPGKFGTUKIPCVWTOKV&TCJVÌUGQJPG$CPF +p++



5GJTMNCTGWPFFGWVNKEJGWPFGKPFGWVKICNUUQNEJGGTMGPPDCTG2T·IWPI



8GTFKGPUVMTGW\HÒTHTGKYKNNKIG-TCPMGPRHNGIG  5KNDGTVGKNYGKUGGOCKNNKGTVQJPG$CPF$9- 1'- ++





8GVGTCPGP&GPM\GKEJGP HÒT FKG (GNF\ÒIG  $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF VGKNYGKUG FWPMGNITÒP NCE   MKGTVQJPG$CPF$9-1'- ++



+PFKGUGT'TJCNVWPIPKEJVJ·WHKI\WHKPFGP

8053 (1:1) 8052 (1:1)

8054

8050



/KNKV·T&GPM\GKEJGP HÒT    -TGW\ HÒT 1HHK\KGTG WPF /CPPUEJCHVGP $TQP\G   XGTIQNFGVWPFVGKNYGKUGNCEMKGTVCOCNVGP1TKIKPCNDCPF$9-1'- ++





/KNKV·T&GPM\GKEJGP HÒT    -TGW\ HÒT 1HHK\KGTG WPF /CPPUEJCHVGP \YGK 'ZGORNCTG   GKPGUKP$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGKPGU$TQP\GQJPG$·PFGT$9-1'- 5VÒEM++





/KNKV·T&GPM\GKEJGP HÒT    /KPKCVWT FGU -TGW\GU HÒT 1HHK\KGTG WPF /CPPUEJCHVGP   $TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFVGKNYGKUGNCEMKGTVQJPG$·PFEJGP 4++



#NU/KPKCVWTPKEJVJ·WHKI



/KNKV·T&GPM\GKEJGP HÒT    /KPKCVWT FGU -TGW\GU HÒT 1HHK\KGTG WPF /CPPUEJCHVGP   $TQP\GVGKNYGKUGIGUEJY·T\VCOMWT\GPCNVGP$CPFUVÒEM ++



#NU/KPKCVWTPKEJVJ·WHKI

 140

/KNKV·T&GPM\GKEJGP HÒT    /GFCKNNG FGU /KNKV·T&GPM\GKEJGPU HÒT      HÒT/KNKV·TDGCOVG$TQP\GCOCNVGP1TKIKPCNDCPF$9-1'- 4++




DEUTSCHE STAATEN

8056

8055

8059

8058



&GPM\GKEJGP HÒT FCU ,CJT  #WUHÒJTWPI KP JGNNGT $TQP\G OKV 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGTUKIPCVWT   %81+)6QJPG$CPF$9-1'- ++





&GPM\GKEJGP HÒT FCU ,CJT  #WUHÒJTWPI KP IGFWPMGNVGT $TQP\G OKV 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGTUKIPCVWT   %81+)6COPGWGPPKEJVICP\MQTTGMVGP$CPF$9-1'- ++





&GPM\GKEJGP HÒT FCU ,CJT  #WUHÒJTWPI KP FWPMNGT $TQP\G OKV 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGTUKIPCVWT   %81+)6QJPG$CPFUV·TMGTIGVTCIGPGU'ZGORNCT$9-1'- ++p+++





/KNKV·TKUEJG ,WDKN·WOUOGFCKNNG OKV -TQPG /GFCKNNG OKV FGP ,CJTGU\CJNGP  WPF    XGTIQNFGVCOMWT\GP$CPF$9-1'- ++





$C[GTKUEJGU (NWI\GWIHÒJTGTCD\GKEJGP 5KNDGT JQJN IGRT·IV WPF XGTDÌFGV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGN   NGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC -CTN 2ÌNNCVJ KP 5EJTQDGPJCWUGP WPF 2WP\G 5+.$'4 CP 0CFGN   $9-1'- ++



8060 8063 8061



&KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI-TGW\-NCUUGHÒT&KGPUVLCJTG5KNDGTGOCKNNKGTV#DRNCV\WPIGPKPFGTITÒPGP 'OCKNNGXQP#XGTUWPF4GXGTU$9-1'- 4++p+++





)GFGPMCD\GKEJGP \WO L·JTKIGP ,WDKN·WO FGT -ÌPKIN 2TKX (GWGT5EJÒV\GP )GUGNNUEJCHV \W   #KEJCEJ $TQP\G XGTUKNDGTV CWH FGO 4GXGTU *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC2ÌNNCVJKP5EJTQDGPJCW UGPCP6TCIGURCPIG ++





-QPXQNWV XQP  DC[GTKUEJGP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP FGU -ÌPKITGKEJU WPF FGU (TGKUVCCVU W C FGT (GWGT   YGJT FGU 4QVGP -TGW\GU PKEJV VTCIDCT  FCTWPVGT /KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ OKV -TQPG WPF 5EJYGTVGTP   'JTGP\GKEJGPFGU.CPFGUXGTDCPFGUFGT$C[GTKUEJGP(GNFCTVKNNGTKG2TKP\#NHQPU'TKPPGTWPIU\GKEJGP   8GTUEJKGFGPG/GVCNNGVGKNUCP$·PFGTPVGKNUCP0CFGNPKPWPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP'TJCNVWPIGP 5VÒEM++



$4#705%*9'+)*'4<1)67/ $+5  

*GT\QINKEJ $TCWPUEJYGKIKUEJGT 1TFGP *GKPTKEJ FGU .ÌYGP 4KVVGTMTGW\  -NCUUG     5KNDGT GOCKNNKGTV 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK FTGK #TOG FGU #XGTU TGUVCWTKGTV #DRNCV\WPIGP KP FGT TQVGP 'OCKNNG   FGT-TQPGCOUR·VGTGP$CPF$9-1'- +++

 141


DEUTSCHE STAATEN



8066

8065

8064

(GWGTYGJT'JTGP\GKEJGP 5EJPCNNG HÒT  &KGPUVLCJTG $TQP\G VGKNYGKUG XGTUKNDGTV VGKNYGKUG   XGTIQNFGVCWH$CPFUEJPCNNGOKV0CFGN&C\W5EJPCNNGFGU$TCWPUEJYGKIKUEJGP(GWGTYGJTXGTDCPFGUHÒT  &KGPUVLCJTG $TQP\G VGKNYGKUG XGTUKNDGTV VGKNYGKUG XGTIQNFGV $TQP\G VGKNYGKUG XGTUKNDGTV VGKNYGKUG   XGTIQNFGV$9-1'- ++





&KGPUV\GKEJGPHÒT*QHDGFKGPUVGVG-NCUUG5RCPIGHÒT&KGPUVLCJTG5KNDGTOKV0CFGN$9- 1'- 4++





9CVGTNQQ/GFCKNNG $TQP\G OKV 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGTUKIPCVWT % *·UGNGT OGJTGTG 4CPFMGTDGP OKV   4CPFKPUEJTKHV$'40*.1*&.+0$#6QJPG$CPFTKPIWPFQJPG$CPF$9-/; 1'- ++p+++



8068

8067



9CVGTNQQ/GFCKNNG$TQP\GOKV4GUVXGTIQNFWPIOKV5VGORGNUEJPGKFGTUKIPCVWT%*·UGNGTOKV6T·IGT PCOGPō'4056-1%*(#46ŋCWHFGO4CPFOKVXCTKCPVGTCNVCPIGNÌVGVGT¤UGCOUR·VGTGP$CPF $9-/;1'- ++p+++





9CVGTNQQ/GFCKNNG$TQP\GOKV5VGORGNUEJPGKFGTUKIPCVWT%*·UGNGTUVCTMIGVTCIGP%104*14&6 .+0$#6¤UGUR·VGTGTI·P\VQJPG$CPF$9-/;1'- +++





2CVGPV \WO 5GEQPF .KGWVGPCPV FGT +PHCPVGTKG *GTOCPP $CNVJCUCT (TCP\ /CTKC 5VWV\GT &CVKGTV   $TCWPUEJYGKI  0QXGODGT  OKV 1TKIKPCN7PVGTUEJTKHV *GT\QI 9KNJGNOU WPF 2CRKGT2T·IGUKGIGN   IGHCNVGV ++



8072 8070

8071 Rv.

(4#0-(746)'0'4#.)178'40'/'06   

'JTGPMTGW\ HÒT FKG 1HHK\KGTG FGT .KPKG  $TQP\G VGKNYGKUG IGUEJY·T\V QJPG $CPF $9-   1'- 4++





'JTGPMTGW\ HÒT FKG 1HHK\KGTG FGT .KPKG  $TQP\G VGKNYGKUG IGUEJY·T\V QJPG $CPF $9-   1'- 4++





-TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G HÒT 1HHK\KGTG WPF /CPPUEJCHVGP CWH FGO )GDKGVG FGT 5VCFV  5KNDGTPG   /GFCKNNGCOCNVGP$CPF$9-1'- ++

(4#0-(746(4'+'56#&6   <YGKHGNUHTGKIGRT·IVGU1TKIKPCNGZGORNCT

142




DEUTSCHE STAATEN

8073 (1:1)



8074 (1:1)

8075

-TGW\HÒT::8&KGPUVLCJTGFGT1HHK\KGTG/KPKCVWTZOO$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVQJPG$CPF 4++



(ª456'0$'4)(ª456.+%*'(#/+.' 

)QNFGPG'JTGPPCFGNFGUHÒTUVNKEJGP*CWUGU\W(ÒTUVGPDGTI)QNFVGKNYGKUGGOCKNNKGTVCWHFGT4ÒEM UGKVGRWP\KGTVōŋCP0CFGN ++



&KGUG 'JTGPPCFGNP YGTFGP XQO (ÒTUVGP CP XGTFKGPVG #PIGUVGNNVG FGU HÒTUVNKEJGP *CWUGU PCEJ NCPIGT &KGPUV\GKV   XGTNKGJGPWPFUKPFPCVWTIGO·­UGJTUGNVGP

*#0018'4-74(ª456'067/ $+5 70&-¤0+)4'+%*   

9CVGTNQQ/GFCKNNG#WUHÒJTWPIOKV5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT5KIPCVWT99;105KNDGTOKV4CPFKPUEJTKHV 51.&#62*+.+225%*1'0)4'0#&+'4$#6#+..108'4&'04KPIFWTEJ5EJNÒUUGNTKPIGT UGV\VCOUR·VGTGP$CPF$9-1'- ++p

8077

8076





9CVGTNQQ/GFCKNNG#WUHÒJTWPIOKV5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT5KIPCVWT99;105KNDGTOKV4CPFKPUEJTKHV 51.&#6 %*4+56+#0 ,#*4#0& .#0&9 $#6#+..10 *+.&'5*'+/ ¤UG HGJNV $9-    1'- ++





#NNIGOGKPGU'JTGP\GKEJGPHÒT/KNKV·TXGTFKGPUV5KNDGTPG/GFCKNNGOKV4CPFKPUEJTKHV'*.'45CO MWT\GP$CPF$9-1'- ++





.CPIGPUCN\C/GFCKNNG$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVOKV4CPFKPUEJTKHV9&+'64+%*5COCNVGPVTKCPIWNCTIGHCN VGVGP$CPF$9-1'- ++



8079

8080

(4'+'*#05'56&6')'/'+05#/ 

)GOGKPUCOG -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G HÒT FKG *CPUGCVKUEJG .GIKQP  5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG 5KNDGT   COUR·VGTGP$CPF$9-1'- ++



*'55'0 &#4/56#&6  70& $'+ 4*'+0 .#0&)4#(5%*#(6 $+5   70&   )4155*'4<1)67/   

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJGT*CWUWPF8GTFKGPUVQTFGPD\Y CD .WFGYKIU1TFGP/GFCKNNGFGU1TFGPU

CD D\Y CD 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNGFGU1TFGPU/QFGNN OKVFGO2QTVTCKVXQP)TQ­JGT\QI .WFYKI+++ 5KNDGTPG/GFCKNNG&'/8'4&+'056'  5KNDGTOKV5VGORGNUEJPGKFGTUK IPCVWT%81+)6CO$CPF$9-1'- 4+p++

 143


DEUTSCHE STAATEN

8081





)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ *GUUKUEJGT 8GTFKGPUV1TFGP 2JKNKRRU FGU )TQ­OÒVJKIGP D\Y )TQ­JGT\QINKEJ   *GUUKUEJGT 2JKNKRRU1TFGP CD    /QFGNN   4KVVGTMTGW\ + -NCUUG )QNF GOCKNNKGTV   FGT.ÌYGCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVGQJPG$GUEJ·FKIWPIQJPG$CPF$9-1'- +



)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ *GUUKUEJGT 8GTFKGPUV1TFGP 2JKNKRRU FGU )TQ­OÒVJKIGP D\Y )TQ­JGT\QINKEJ   *GUUKUEJGT 2JKNKRRU1TFGP CD    /QFGNN   NGGTGU 'VWK \WO 4KVVGTMTGW\ + -NCUUG   TGEJVGEMKIG#WUHÒJTWPICWUFGT4GIKGTWPIU\GKVXQP)TQ­JGT\QI'TPUV.WFYKI TGIXQPDKU  UEJYCT\OKVIQNFHCTDGPGO9CRRGPCWHFTWEM ++



8083



)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ *GUUKUEJGT 8GTFKGPUV1TFGP 2JKNKRRU FGU )TQ­OÒVJKIGP D\Y )TQ­JGT\QINKEJ   *GUUKUEJGT2JKNKRRU1TFGP CD /QFGNN  4KVVGTMTGW\++-NCUUG5KNDGTGOCKNNKGTV $ÒUVG KO #XGTUOGFCKNNQP )QNF FGT .ÌYG CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG QJPG $GUEJ·FKIWPI CP MTCWUGT   'KPGT1TFGPUUEJPCNNG$9-1'- ++



8086 (1:1)

8087 8084



8085 Rv.

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ *GUUKUEJGT 8GTFKGPUV1TFGP 2JKNKRRU FGU )TQ­OÒVJKIGP D\Y )TQ­JGT\QINKEJ   *GUUKUEJGT2JKNKRRU1TFGP CD /QFGNN  5KNDGTPGU-TGW\OKV-TQPGWPF5EJYGT VGTP#WUHÒJTWPIOKV.7&18+%75+++CWHFGO4GXGTU/GFCKNNQPTKPI5KNDGTVGKNYGKUGGOCKN NKGTVOKV$CPFUVÒEMKOQTKIKPCNGPIQNFGPDGFTWEMVGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK$9-1'- 44++



)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ *GUUKUEJGT 8GTFKGPUV1TFGP 2JKNKRRU FGU )TQ­OÒVJKIGP D\Y )TQ­JGT\QINKEJ   *GUUKUEJGT2JKNKRRU1TFGP CD /QFGNN  5KNDGTPGU-TGW\#WUHÒJTWPIOKV .7&18+%75+++CWHFGO4GXGTU/GFCKNNQPTKPIZOO5KNDGTVGKNYGKUGGOCKNNKGTVQJPG $CPF$9-1'- ++





8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG )TQ­JGT\QI .WFYKIU +8 XGTNKGJGP XQP   /KPKCVWT FGT $TQP\GPGP   /GFCKNNG&WTEJOGUUGTOO$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVQJPG$·PFEJGP 4++





#NNIGOGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP  /QFGNN OKV 2QTVTCKV XQP 'TPUV .WFYKI    /GFCKNNG   (ª4.#0),*4+)'64'7'&+'056'5KNDGTQJPG$CPF$9-1'- ++





144


DEUTSCHE STAATEN

8088 Rv.

8090

8089



#NNIGOGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP  /QFGNN OKV 2QTVTCKV XQP 'TPUV .WFYKI    /GFCKNNG   (ª464'7'#4$'+65KNDGTCPMTCWUGT'KPGT$CPFUEJPCNNG$9-1'- ++





#NNIGOGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP  /QFGNN OKV 2QTVTCKV XQP 'TPUV .WFYKI    /GFCKNNG   (ª46#2('4-'+65KNDGTQJPG$CPFKOQMVCIQPCNGPIQNFGPDGFTWEMVGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWKOKVPKEJV ICP\RCUUGPFGT'KPNCIG &WTEJOGUUGTOO $9-1'- ++



-TKGIU'JTGP\GKEJGP KP 'KUGP 'KUGP IGUEJY·T\V OKV 4GUVXGTIQNFWPI CP 0CFGN $9-  1'-    ++p+++





8091 (1:1)



,WDKN·WOU'TKPPGTWPIU\GKEJGP HÃ&#x2019;T FKG #FLWVCPVWT   #D\GKEJGP KP $TQP\G   XGTIQNFGV   CP0CFGNFKGUGKP(QTOFGU-TCP\GUIGDQIGP$9-1'- 44+p++



.CWV*GUUGPVJCNWPF5EJTGKDGT KP*550T UKPFPWT'ZGORNCTGFKGUGU#D\GKEJGPUXGTNKGJGPYQTFGP

8092

8095



/KNKV·TFKGPUV'JTGP\GKEJGP-TGW\HÃ&#x2019;T&KGPUVLCJTGFGT7PVGTQHHK\KGTGWPF5QNFCVGP#WUHÃ&#x2019;JTWPI OKVCTCDKUEJGP<KHHGTP  5KNDGTQJPG$CPF$9-1'- ++





'TPGPPWPIU7TMWPFG \WO 2TQHGUUQT HÃ&#x2019;T FGP 1DGTNGJTGT ,QUGH (TCP\ CP FGT 1DGTTGCNUEJWNG \W   9QTOU&CVKGTV\W&CTOUVCFVCO5GRVGODGTOKV1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV)TQ­JGT\QI'TPUV.WF YKIUWPF2TG­5KGIGN\YGKOCNIGHCNVGV ++



'TPGPPWPIU7TMWPFG \WO 1DGTNGJTGT HÃ&#x2019;T FGP .GJTCOVUCUUGUUQT ,QUGRJ (TCP\ CP FGT 1DGTTGCN   UEJWNG \W 9QTOU &CVKGTV \W &CTOUVCFV CO  1MVQDGT  OKV 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV )TQ­JGT\QI   'TPUV.WFYKIUWPF2TG­5KGIGN'KPTK­KO5KGIGNTÃ&#x2019;EMUGKVKIGU2CRKGTHGJNGPF\YGKOCNIGHCNVGV ++





*'55'0 *1/$74) .#0&)4#(5%*#(6 $+5  

(GNFFKGPUV\GKEJGP$TQP\GCP6TCIGUEJPCNNG$9-1'-

4++

 145


DEUTSCHE STAATEN

8096 (1:1)

*'55'0 -#55'.  .#0&)4#(5%*#(6 $+5  70&  $+5   70&   -74(ª456'067/   

*CWU1TFGPXQO)QNFGPGP.ÌYGP/QFGNN OGJTMNCUUKI $TWUVUVGTP\WO)TQ­MTGW\ 5KNDGT /GFCKNNQP )QNF 4GXGTU VGKNYGKUG XGTDÌFGV CP 0CFGN KO QMVCIQPCNGP 1TKIKPCNGVWK GKP 8GT   UEJNW­J·MEJGPHGJNGPFOKVGKPNKGIGPFGOJCPFUEJTKHVNKEJGP<GVVGNYQTCWHCWHFGP-WTHÒTUVNKEJGP)GPG TCNNGWVPCPV(TGKJGTTPX*C[PCW$G\WIIGPQOOGPYKTF$9-1'- 4++  W­GTUV SWCNKV·VUXQNNG #PHGTVKIWPI CWU FGO GTUVGP &TKVVGN FGU  ,CJTJWPFGTVU WPF KO 1TKIKPCNGVWK DGUQPFGTU   UGNVGP9KNJGNO%CTN(TGKJGTTXQP*C[PCW  GKPPCVÒTNKEJGT5QJPFGU-WTHÒTUVGP9KNJGNO+XQP*GUUGP

  WPF FGUUGP \YGKVGT /·VTGUUG 4QUC &QTQVJGC 4KVVGT   YCT )GPGTCNNGWVPCV WPF YWTFG    1DGTDGHGJNUJCDGT FGU MWTJGUUKUEJGP /KNKV·TU 5GKP 5QJP (TKGFTKEJ 9KNJGNO -CTN 'FWCTF XQP *C[PCW     UEJNWI GDGPHCNNU GKPG OKNKV·TKUEJG -CTTKGTG GKP WPF DTCEJVG GU DKU \WO MWTJGUUKUEJGP -TKGIUOKPKUVGT   WPF   )GPGTCNNGWVPCPV  )GPGTCNNGWVPCPV9KNJGNO%CTN(TGKJGTTXQP*C[PCWYWTFGCO,CPWCT)TQ­MTGW\FGU *CWU1TFGPU XQO )QNFGPGP .ÌYGP UGKP 5QJP (TKGFTKEJ 9KNJGNO %CTN YQJN GTUV PCEJ  #WH YGNEJGP FGT   DGKFGP IGPCPPVGP UKEJ FGT 6GZV FGU <GVVGNU DG\KGJV MQPPVG NGKFGT PKEJV HGUVIGUVGNNV YGTFGP 8QP  DKU    YWTFGP)TQ­MTGW\GFGU1TFGPUXGTNKGJGP

8097 (1:1)



*CWU1TFGPXQO)QNFGPGP.ÌYGP/QFGNN OGJTMNCUUKI 4KVVGTMTGW\)QNFGOCKNNKGTV CWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVGKO/QPQITCOOOGJTGTGMNGKPG NGKEJVTGUVCWTKGTDCTG 'OCKNNGCWUDTÒEJGQJPG$CPF KOQTKIKPCNGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK$9-1'- 4++++  &GT 7PVGTUEJKGF \YKUEJGP FGP XQNNMQOOGP INGKEJ CWUUGJGPF GTUEJGKPGPFGP 4KVVGTMTGW\GP FGU *CWU1TFGPU XQO   )QNFGPGP.ÌYGPXQPDKUWPFFGU9KNJGNO1TFGPUXQPDKUNKGIVKO2TKP\KRKPFGT&CTUVGNNWPI FGU .ÌYGP KO 8QTFGTUGKVGP/GFCKNNQP $GKO GTUVGTGP KUV FGT .ÌYG JGTCNFKUEJ UVGKIGPF FCTIGUVGNNV F J FKG GKPG   *KPVGTRHQVGKUVJÌJGTFCTIGUVGNNVCNUFKGCPFGTG*KPVGTRHQVGDGKOCPFGTGPGTUEJGKPVFGT.ÌYGJGTCNFKUEJUEJTGKVGPF FJDGKFG2HQVGPUKPFKPINGKEJGT*ÌJGFCTIGUVGNNV#NNGTFKPIUMQPPVGKP\YKUEJGPPCEJIGYKGUGPYGTFGPFC­CWEJ 4KVVGTMTGW\GFKGWTURTÒPINKEJHÒTFGP*CWU1TFGP8GTYGPFWPIHCPFGPUR·VGTCNU4KVVGTMTGW\GFGU9KNJGNO1TFGPU XGTNKGJGP YQTFGP UKPF8QP  DKU  UKPF KPUIGUCOV PWT  4KVVGTMTGW\G XGTNKGJGP YQTFGP YQXQP CDGT FKG   CNNGTOGKUVGPPCEJFGO6QFFGT$GNKGJGPGP\WTÒEMIGIGDGPYQTFGPUGKPFÒTHVGP

146


DEUTSCHE STAATEN

8098

8099

8100

8101

8102



-TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G/GFCKNNGHÒT-·ORHGTOKV4CPFRT·IWPICOCNVGP1TKIKPCNDCPF$9- 1'- ++





&KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPIHÒT1HHK\KGTG-TGW\HÒT&KGPUVLCJTG5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVCOCNVGP1TKIKPCNDCPF $9-1'- ++



(ª456'06ª/'4 $+5   *1*'0<1..'40*'%*+0)'0 70& *1*'0   <1..'405+)/#4+0)'0 70& (ª456.+%*' (#/+.+' 810 *1*'0<1.   .'40 5+)/#4+0)'0  

(ÒTUVNKEJ*QJGP\QNNGTPUEJGU'JTGP\GKEJGP  D\Y(ÒTUVNKEJGT*CWUQTFGPXQP*QJGP\QN NGTP UGKV    /QFGNN OKV XQP GKPGT (ÒTUVGPMTQPG ÒDGTJÌJVGO GKPHCEJGP 9CRRGPUEJKNF  UGKV    'JTGPMTGW\-NCUUGUR·VG#PHGTVKIWPICWUFGT4GIKGTWPIU\GKVFGT(ÒTUVGP9KNJGNO TGI DKU   QFGT (TKGFTKEJ TGI  DKU   OKV GKPVGKNKIGP /GFCKNNQPU 5KNDGT VGKNYGKUG GOCKNNKGTV   MCWO UKEJVDCTG 4GRCTCVWTGP KP FGT UEJYCT\GP WPF DNCWGP 'OCKNNG CO QTKIKPCNGP $CPF $9-    1'- ++



5R·VGPKEJVJ·WHKIG#PHGTVKIWPICWUFGOGTUVGPQFGT\YGKVGP&TKVVGNFGU,CJTJWPFGTVUFKGWPVGT(ÒTUV9KNJGNO XQPDKUPWTOCNWPFWPVGT(ÒTUV(TKGFTKEJXQPDKUPWTOCNXGTNKGJGPYQTFGPKUV.CWV .KPMWPF)CWIIGN KP.0-5H KUVFCU'JTGPMTGW\-NCUUGXQPDKU WPVGT(ÒTUV%CTN#PVQPWPF (ÒTUV(TKGFTKEJ9KNJGNO%QPUVCPVKP OCNXQPDKU WPVGT(ÒTUV%CTN#PVQPCNNGKP OCNXQP DKU WPVGT(ÒTUV.GQRQNF OCNXQPDKU WPVGT(ÒTUV9KNJGNO OCNWPFXQPDKU

WPVGT(ÒTUV(TKGFTKEJ OCNCNUQXQPDKUKPUIGUCOVOCNXGTNKGJGPYQTFGP



(ÒTUVNKEJ*QJGP\QNNGTPUEJGU'JTGP\GKEJGP  D\Y(ÒTUVNKEJGT*CWUQTFGPXQP*QJGP\QN NGTP UGKV /QFGNN UGKV OO/KPKCVWTFGU-TGW\GU-NCUUGOKV5EJYGTVGTP$TQP\G XGTUKNDGTVVGKNYGKUGXGTIQNFGVCP4GXGTUPCFGN ++



#NU#PUVGEMOKPKCVWTUGNVGP\WHKPFGP

.+22'5%*'(ª456'06ª/'4)'/'+05#/ 

'JTGPMTGW\ FGU (ÒTUVNKEJ.KRRKUEJGP)GUCOVJCWUGU  D\Y(ÒTUVNKEJ.KRRKUEJGU'JTGP MTGW\   D\Y (ÒTUVNKEJ .KRRKUEJGT *CWUQTFGP    /QFGNN CWH FGT 4ÒEM   UGKVGFCU/QPQITCOO.# 'JTGPMTGW\-NCUUG#WUHÒJTWPI  #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC , )QFGV  5QJP KP $GTNKP   5KNDGT VGKNYGKUG ITCXKGTV VGKNYGKUG XGTIQNFGV WPF   GOCKNNKGTV MCWO UKEJVDCTG 'OCKNNGTGRCTCVWT KO XQTFGTUGKVKIGP /GFCKNNQPTKPI CO PGWGP $CPF $9-   1'-5-CC ++



#WHITWPFFGT#WUHÒJTWPIFGU$NÒVGP\GPVTWOU HÒPH\CEMKIGT5VGTPITCXKGTVVGKNYGKUGGOCKNNKGTV N·­VUKEJWP\YGKHGN JCHVFKG(KTOC,)QFGV5QJPKP$GTNKPCNU*GTUVGNNGTKFGPVKHK\KGTGPFKGFCU-TGW\CWEJGPVYQTHGPWPFNCWV5EJYCTM

KP5-5 CWEJPWTXQPDKUJGTIGUVGNNVJCV&CFCU-TGW\KPFKGUGT)GUVCNVWPIGTUV\WO'JTGP MTGW\-NCUUGYWTFGJCPFGNVGUUKEJJKGTDGK\YGKHGNNQUWOGKP'JTGPMTGW\FGT-NCUUGKPFGT#WUHÒJTWPIXQP DKUKPGKPGT*GTUVGNNWPIDKU.CWV5EJYCTM KP5-5 UKPFKP.KRRGXQO0QXGODGTDKU  #RTKN  PWT  'JTGPMTGW\G  -NCUUG XGTNKGJGP YQTFGP FKG UEJCWODWTINKRRKUEJGP 8GTNGKJWPIGP KO INGK   EJGP<GKVTCWOUKPFPKEJVIGPCWDGMCPPVFÒTHVGPCDGTPKEJVJÌJGTUQPFGTPGJGTPQEJIGTKPIGTIGYGUGPUGKP5QOKV FÒTHVGFKG)GUCOV\CJNFGTXQP)QFGVJGTIGUVGNNVGP'ZGORNCTGFGU'JTGPMTGW\GU-NCUUGKPFGTGTUVGP#WUHÒJTWPI DGKFGWVNKEJWPVGTIGNGIGPJCDGP  &CU 'JTGPMTGW\ YWTFG CO  1MVQDGT  XQP .GQRQNF +++ (ÒTUV \WT .KRRG   WPF #FQNRJ + )GQTI    (ÒTUV\W5EJCWODWTI.KRRG  CNUIGOGKPUCOGT*CWUQTFGPOKV5VGTPWPF%QTFQPHÒTDGKFG.CPFGUJGTTGP -NCUUGPWPFCHHKNKKGTVG\YGKUVWHKIG8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNGIGUVKHVGV#O#RTKNGTHQNIVGFKG7ODGPGPPWPIFGT 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG KP 'JTGP\GKEJGP 8QO  5GRVGODGT  DKU 0QXGODGTYWTFGFKG-NCUUGKP\YGK 5VWHGP OKVWPFQJPG-TQPG XGTNKGJGP#O0QXGODGTYWTFGPYGKVGTGPFGTWPIGPFGMTGVKGTVFKGDKUJGTKIG  -NCUUG OKV -TQPG YWTFG  -NCUUG PGW IGUVKHVGV YWTFG GKPG  -NCUUG OKV 'KEJGPNCWD FKG DKUJGTKIG  -NCUUG   QJPG -TQPG YWTFG  -NCUUG FKG DKUJGTKIG  -NCUUG YWTFG  WPF FKG DKUJGTKIG  YWTFG  #PUVGNNG FGT   'JTGP\GKEJGPYWTFGGKP\YGKUVWHKIGU8GTFKGPUVMTGW\GKPIGHÒJTV(ÒT#WU\GKEJPWPIKO-TKGIYWTFGPFKG 'JTGPMTGW\GOKV5EJYGTVGTP FWTEJFKG/KVVG XGTNKGJGP+PFGP,CJTGPWPFGTHQNIVGP8GTNGKJWPIGPFGT  WPF FGT  -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CO 4KPI #O  #RTKN  YWTFG FGT 1TFGP \YKUEJGP FGP DGKFGP   (ÒTUVGPVÒOGTPCWHIGVGKNV

147


DEUTSCHE STAATEN

8103 (1:1)

.+22' &'6/1.& (ª456'067/ $+5  

&GPMOÒP\G CP FGP GTUVTKVVGP 6JTQPCPURTWEJ  $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV CP 'KPGT$CPFUEJPCNNG OKV   PKEJV ICP\ MQTTGMVGO $CPF FGT DCFKUEJGP 4GIKGTWPIULWDKN·WOUOGFCKNNG   $9-    1'- 4+p++ .CWV5EJYCTM KP5-5 UKPFEC'ZGORNCTGKPFGT/GFCKNNGP/ÒP\G4KEJCTF&KNNGTKP&TGUFGPJGTIGUVGNNV YQTFGPYQXQP\YKUEJGPWPF5VÒEMXGTNKGJGPYWTFGP



8104 8105

5%*#7/$74).+22'(ª456'067/ $+5  

/KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG  /QFGNN   5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG OKV )GPHGT -TGW\ 5KNDGT   CO$CPFOKV#WHNCIG5KNDGTVGKNYGKUGGOCKNNKGTV$9- ++



/'%-.'0$74)5%*9'4+0 *'4<1)67/ $+5   70& )4155*'4<1)   67/   

8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG#WUHÒJTWPIWPVGT(TKGFTKEJ(TCP\+8 UQXGTNKGJGPXQP 5KNDGTPG/G FCKNNG5KNDGTNGKEJVG4CPFFGNNGQJPG$CPF1'- ++

8106

8107



-TKGIUFGPMOÒP\GHÒT  $TQP\GCOCNVGP1TKIKPCNDCPF$9-



/GFCKNNG \WT 'TKPPGTWPI CP FKG (GKGTNKEJMGKVGP CWU #PNC­ FGU 'KPJWPFGTVL·JTKIGP $GUVGJGPU FGT   /GEMNGPDWTIKUEJGP#TVKNNGTKGKO,CJTG$TQP\GXGTUKNDGTVCOPGWGP$CPF75 ++

++

+O ,CJTG  GTTKEJVGVG (TKGFTKEJ (TCP\ + *GT\QI \W CD  )TQ­JGT\QI XQP  /GEMNGPDWTI5EJYGTKP FCU   *GT\QINKEJG CD)TQ­JGT\QINKEJG /GEMNGPDWTIKUEJG#TVKNNGTKGMQTRUCWUFGOFCU\WO+:#TOGGMQTRU IGJÌTGPFG WPF KP 5EJYGTKP UVCVKQPKGTVG )TQ­JGT\QINKEJ /GEMNGPDWTIKUEJG (GNFCTVKNNGTKG4GIKOGPV 0T  IGDKNFGV   YWTFG<WOL·JTKIGP,WDKN·WOFGU$GUVGJGPUFGT/GEMNGPDWTIKUEJGP#TVKNNGTKGUVKHVGVGFGT%JGHFGU4GIKOGPVU )TQ­JGT\QI(TKGFTKEJ(TCP\+8  FKGUG/GFCKNNG

148



 


DEUTSCHE STAATEN

8108

1.&'0$74)*'4<1)67/ $+5 70&)4155*'4<1)67/   

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI   5R·VGTG #PHGTVKIWPI CWU FGP GT ,CJTGP  FGT 1TFGPUMQNNCPG FGU  6[RU DGUVGJGPF CWU   /QPQITCOO/GFCKNNQPGKPGO5EJNW­ FKGUGURWP\KGTV%12; WPFGKPGO*·PIGINKGFLGYGKNU 5KNDGTIW­ XGTIQNFGV VGKNYGKUG GOCKNNKGTV VGKNYGKUG OKV 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK OKV UR·VGTGT #PHGTVKIWPI CWU   FGPGT,CJTGP FGU-NGKPQFU)QNFJQJNIGHGTVKIVGOCKNNKGTVI'OCKNNGOCNGTGKKO6TCIGTKPI RWP\KGTV %12; WPF UR·VGTGT #PHGTVKIWPI CWU FGPGT,CJTGP FGU$TWUVUVGTPU5KNDGTVGKNYGKUG XGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCP0CFGNFKGUGRWP\KGTV-0#7'4WPFCWHFGT7PVGTUGKVG%12;KOUGJT CWHYGPFKIIGCTDGKVGVGP OÌINKEJGTYGKUGQTKIKPCNGP OKVIQNFHCTDGPGO9CRRGPDGFTWEMVGP'VWK  5VÒEM++  5GJTUEJÌPGT'TUCV\HÒTGKPKO1TKIKPCNPWTUGJTUEJYGTDGUEJCHHDCTGU'PUGODNG

8109



)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI   5R·VGTG#PHGTVKIWPI CWUFGPGT,CJTGP FGU)TQ­MTGW\GUOKVFGTIQNFGPGP-TQPGOKV5EJYGTVGTP WPF OKV .QTDGGT 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK KO $CPFTKPI RWP\KGTV %12; CO   UR·VGTGP5EJWNVGTDCPF ++ 5GJT UEJÌPG 5COONGTCPHGTVKIWPI FKGUGU KO 1TKIKPCNPKEJVDGUEJCHHDCTGP'ZGORNCTU&CU1TKIKPCNYWTFGNCWV$G[ TGK­ KP$;15H PWTGKPGKP\KIGUOCNCPFGPRTGW­KUEJGP)GPGTCNHGNFOCTUEJCNN2CWNXQP$GPGEMGPFQTHHWPFXQP *KPFGPDWTIXGTNKGJGPWPF\YCTCO1MVQDGT



149


DEUTSCHE STAATEN

8112 8110







8111

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI   5R·VGTG#PHGTVKIWPI CWUFGPGT,CJTGP GKPGU)TQ­MTGW\UCV\GUOKVFGTUKNDGTPGP-TQPGDGUVGJGPF CWU UR·VGTG #PHGTVKIWPI CWU FGP GT ,CJTGP  FGU -NGKPQFU 5KNDGT GOCKNNKGTV 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK KO   $CPFTKPI RWP\KGTV %12; QJPG5EJWNVGTDCPFWPFUR·VGTGT#PHGTVKIWPI CWUFGPGT,CJTGP FGU $TWUVUVGTPU 5KNDGT VGKNYGKUG GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN FKGUG RWP\KGTV -0#7'4 WPF CWH FGT 7PVGTUGKVG   %12; 5VÒEM++



)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI   5R·VGTG #PHGTVKIWPI CWU FGP GT ,CJTGP  GKPGU )TQ­MTGW\UCV\GU OKV FGT UKNDGTPGP -TQPG WPF OKV   5EJYGTVGTPDGUVGJGPFCWUUR·VGTG#PHGTVKIWPI CWUFGPGT,CJTGP FGU-NGKPQFU5KNDGTGOCKNNKGTV OKP 'OCKNNGEJKR CWH GKPGO -TGW\CTO 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK KO $CPFTKPI RWP\KGTV %12; CO UR·VGTGP   5EJWNVGTDCPFWPFUR·VGTGT#PHGTVKIWPI CWUFGPGT,CJTGP FGU$TWUVUVGTPU5KNDGTVGKNYGKUGGOCKN NKGTVCP0CFGNFKGUGRWP\KGTV-0#7'4WPFCWHFGT7PVGTUGKVG%12; 5VÒEM++



)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI   5R·VGTG#PHGTVKIWPI CWUFGPGT,CJTGP FGU)TQ­MTGW\GUOKVFGTUKNDGTPGP-TQPGOKV5EJYGTVGTP WPFOKV.QTDGGT5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTV'OCKNNGOCNGTGKKO$CPFTKPIRWP\KGTV%12;QJPG 5EJWNVGTDCPF ++



5GJT UEJÌPG 5COONGTCPHGTVKIWPI FKGUGU KO 1TKIKPCNPKEJVDGUEJCHHDCTGP'ZGORNCTU&CU1TKIKPCNYWTFGNCWV$G[ TGK­ KP $;1 5 H  PWT GKP GKP\KIGU OCN XGTNKGJGP WPF \YCT CO  1MVQDGT  CP FGP RTGW­KUEJGP 'TUVGP   )GPGTCNSWCTVKGTOGKUVGT'TKEJ.WFGPFQTHH

150


DEUTSCHE STAATEN

8115

8113

8116









)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI   5R·VGTG #PHGTVKIWPI CWU FGP GT ,CJTGP  GKPGU )TQ­MTGW\UCV\GU OKV FGT UKNDGTPGP -TQPG WPF OKV   5EJYGTVGTPCO4KPIDGUVGJGPFCWUUR·VGTG#PHGTVKIWPI CWUFGPGT,CJTGP FGU-NGKPQFU5KNDGT GOCKNNKGTVOKP'OCKNNGEJKRCWHGKPGO-TGW\CTO'OCKNNGOCNGTGKKO$CPFTKPIRWP\KGTV%12;CO UR·VGTGP 5EJWNVGTDCPF WPF UR·VGTGT #PHGTVKIWPI CWU FGP GT ,CJTGP  FGU $TWUVUVGTPU 5KNDGT VGKN   YGKUGGOCKNNKGTVCP0CFGNFKGUGRWP\KGTV-0#7'4WPFCWHFGT7PVGTUGKVG%12; 5VÃ&#x2019;EM++



)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI   1TKIKPCNGUCNVGUMQPHGMVKQPKGTVGU5EJWNVGTDCPFHÃ&#x2019;TFCU)TQ­MTGW\-NGKPQF\WO'KPJ·PIGPQJPG-NGKPQF ++



)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI   5R·VGTG #PHGTVKIWPI CWU FGP GT ,CJTGP  GKPGU 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\GU 5KNDGT VGKNYGKUG XGTIQNFGV WPF   GOCKNNKGTVCP0CFGNFKGUGRWP\KGTV$-0#7'4WPF%12; ++



)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI   5R·VGTG #PHGTVKIWPI CWU FGP GT ,CJTGP  GKPGU 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\GU OKV 5EJYGTVGTP 5KNDGT VGKNYGKUG   XGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCP0CFGNFKGUGRWP\KGTV$-0#7'4WPF%12; ++



8118 (1:1) 8117





)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI   5R·VGTG #PHGTVKIWPI CWU FGP GT ,CJTGP  GKPGU 1HHK\KGTUMTGW\GU OKV 5EJYGTVGTP Ã&#x2019;DGT FGO -TGW\   5KNDGTVGKNYGKUGXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCP0CFGNFKGUGRWP\KGTV$-0#7'4WPF%12; ++



)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI   4KVVGTMTGW\-NCUUG)QNFGOCKNNKGTVIHGKPUVG'OCKNNGOCNGTGKKO$CPFTKPIRWP\KGTV-0#7'4 OKVUR·VGTGO$CPFKOCNVGP1TKIKPCNGVWK$9-1'- +p++  .CWV$G[TGK­ KP$;15D\Y5H UKPFXQO4KVVGTMTGW\-NCUUGXQPDKU XQTDGJCNVNKEJHGJNGP FGT 7PVGTNCIGP HÃ&#x2019;T    WPF   PWT  4KVVGTMTGW\G-NCUUGJGTIGUVGNNVWPFDKUPCEJ XGTNKGJGPYQTFGP

151


DEUTSCHE STAATEN

8120

8119



)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI   4KVVGTMTGW\  -NCUUG OKV UR·VGTGP #PHGTVKIWPIGP FGT GT ,CJTG  5EJYGTVGTP FKGUG IGIQUUGP WPF   XGTNÌVGV )QNFGOCKNNKGTVIHGKPUVG'OCKNNGOCNGTGKOKVUR·VGTGO$CPFKOCNVGP1TKIKPCNGVWK ++



<YGKHGNUHTGKGU1TKIKPCN'ZGORNCTGKPGU4KVVGTMTGW\GU-NCUUGFCULGFQEJ\WOCPKRWNCVKXGP<YGEMGPKPFGPGT ,CJTGP OKV IGIQUUGPGP 5EJYGTVGTP CWHIGTÒUVGV YQTFGP KUV 1TKIKPCNG 5EJYGTVGT'ZGORNCTG UKPF XQP CNNGTITÌ­VGT   5GNVGPJGKVFCNCWV$G[TGK­ KP$;15D\Y5H XQPDKU XQTDGJCNVNKEJHGJNGPFGT7PVGTNCIGPHÒT WPF PWT4KVVGTMTGW\G-NCUUGJGTIGUVGNNVWPFDKUPCEJPWTXGTNKGJGPYQTFGPUKPF



)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI   5R·VGTG #PHGTVKIWPI CWU FGP GT ,CJTGP  GKPGU 4KVVGTMTGW\GU  -NCUUG OKV FGT UKNDGTPGP -TQPG   5KNDGT GOCKNNKGTV 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK KO $CPFTKPI RWP\KGTV %12; OKV PGWGO $CPF KO CNVGP GVYCU   DGUEJ·FKIVGP1TKIKPCNGVWK ++



8122 8121





)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI   5R·VGTG #PHGTVKIWPI CWU FGP GT ,CJTGP  GKPGT &GMQTCVKQP \WO -CRKVWNCT)TQ­MQOVWT 5KNDGT XGT   IQNFGVGOCKNNKGTV'OCKNNGOCNGTGKKO$CPFTKPIRWP\KGTV%12;CO$CPF ++



)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI   5R·VGTG#PHGTVKIWPI CWUFGPGT,CJTGP GKPGT&GMQTCVKQP\WO-CRKVWNCT-QOVWT5KNDGTXGTIQNFGV GOCKNNKGTV'OCKNNGOCNGTGKKO$CPFTKPIRWP\KGTV%12;CO$CPF ++



8123 (1:1)



)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 1NFGPDWTIGT *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGU *GT\QIU 2GVGT (TKGFTKEJ .WFYKI   &GMQTCVKQP GKPGU -CRKVWNCT4KVVGTU 5KNDGT #WHNCIGP VGKNYGKUG )QNF GOCKNNKGTV HGKPUVG 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK   CPCNVGTMTCWUGT'KPGT1TFGPUUEJPCNNG$9-1'- ++ <YGKHGNUHTGKGU\GKVIGPÌUUKUEJGU1TKIKPCNGZGORNCTXQPFGONCWV$G[TGK­ KP$;15 KPFGP,CJTGPDKU PWT'ZGORNCTGJGTIGUVGNNVYQTFGPUKPF

152




DEUTSCHE STAATEN

8127 8125

8124

8126



<KXKN8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG 5R·VGTG )W­#PHGTVKIWPI CWU FGP GT ,CJTGP  GKPGT )QNFGPGP /GFCKNNG   )QNFIKO4CPFRWP\KGTV%12;OKVPGWGO$CPFUVÃ&#x2019;EMKO'VWK ++





8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG HÃ&#x2019;T 4GVVWPI CWU )GHCJT  2T·IWPI   5KNDGT OKV 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGTUK   IPCVWT$4'*/'4(KO*CNUCDUEJPKVVKO4CPFRWP\KGTVCOMWT\GP$CPFUVÃ&#x2019;EM$9- 1'- +p++





4QVG -TGW\/GFCKNNG   5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV VGKNYGKUG GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4Ã&#x2019;EMUGKVG RWP\KGTV    COCNVGP$CPF$9-1'- ++





/KNKV·TXGTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG HÃ&#x2019;T FGP (GNF\WI  5KNDGT QJPG $CPF OKV NCPIGO $CPFTKPI $9-    1'- ++



8129

8130

8128



'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG HÃ&#x2019;T FKG 8GVGTCPGP XQP  WPF    $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV CO MWT\GP   1TKIKPCN$CPFUVÃ&#x2019;EM$9-1'- ++





'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG5KNDGTICOPGWGP$CPF$9-1'-





8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ HÃ&#x2019;T #WHQRHGTWPI WPF 2HNKEJVVTGWG  $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV VGKNYGKUG GOCKNNKGTV   QJPG$CPF$9-1'- ++

8131

8132

8133

++



8134



(TKGFTKEJ#WIWUV-TGW\-TGW\-NCUUG$TQP\GNCEMKGTV.CEMKGTWPIVGKNYGKUGCDIGRNCV\VCP0CFGN $9-1'- ++p+++





(TKGFTKEJ#WIWUV-TGW\-TGW\-NCUUG'KUGPNCEMKGTVCWHFGO4GXGTUGKPKIG4QUVURWTGPCP0CFGN OKV\YGK5GKVGPJCMGP$9-1'- ++





&KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPIFGT)GPFCTOGTKG  -NCUUG-TGW\HÃ&#x2019;T:8+++&KGPUVLCJTG-WRHGTCO $CPF$9-1'- ++





6TGWGMTGW\FGT1NFGPDWTIKUEJGP+PFWUVTKGWPF*CPFGNUMCOOGT6TGWGMTGW\-NCUUG5VGEMMTGW\ $TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCP0CFGN ++

 153


DEUTSCHE STAATEN

8135 8137





/KPKCVWTGPMGVVEJGP OKV UGEJU #WU\GKEJPWPIUOKPKCVWTGP   1NFGPDWTI *CWU WPF 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP   XQP *GT\QI2GVGT(TKGFTKEJ.WFYKI1HHK\KGTUMTGW\ IGYÌNDVGKPUGKVKIGOCKNNKGTV  1NFGPDWTIFKVQ )QNFGPGU 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\   1NFGPDWTI 1HHK\KGTU&KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPIUMTGW\ HÒT ::8 &KGPUVLCJTG    2TGW­GP-TQPGP1TFGP-TGW\-NCUUG)QNF $TGOGP*CPUGCVGPMTGW\ /GEMNGPDWTI)TGK HGPQTFGPCP\YGK0CFGNP ++



-QPXQNWVXQPECQNFGPDWTIKUEJGP'JTGPWPF#D\GKEJGP1TKIKPCNGWPF-QRKGPKPXGTUEJKGFGPGP /CVGTKCNKGP CWEJ 5KNDGT  CWEJ GOCKNNKGTV VGKNU CP $·PFGTP VGKNU CP 0CFGNP KP XGTUEJKGFGPGP   'TJCNVWPIGP 5VÒEM++++p+++



24'755'0-¤0+)4'+%*   

4QVGT#FNGT1TFGP/QFGNN OKV\KGIGNTQVGO#FNGT -TGW\-NCUUGOKV5EJYGTVGTP  #WUICDG OKV INCVVGP -TGW\CTOGP    5KNDGT 5EJYGTVGT )QNF IGRT·IV WPF IGUEJTCWDV   VGKNYGKUG GOCKNNKGTV HGKPG 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK QJPG *GTUVGNNGTOCTMKGTWPI CO UR·VGTGP $CPF $9-    1'- ++



7TURTÒPINKEJ  XQP 'TDRTKP\ )GQTI 9KNJGNO XQP $TCPFGPDWTI$C[TGWVJ CNU GKPMNCUUKIGT 1TFGPFGNC5KPEGTKV¾ IGUVKHVGVYWTFGGTPCEJªDGTPCJOGFGT/CTMITCHUEJCHVFWTEJ2TGW­GPÒDGTPQOOGPWPFKO(QNIGPFGPUWM\GU UKXG FWTEJ \CJNTGKEJG PFGTWPIGP 'TI·P\WPIGP WPF 'TYGKVGTWPIGP GTJGDNKEJ CWUIGDCWV 'T XGTHÒIVG CO 5EJNW­   ÒDGT UGEJU -NCUUGP -GVVG )TQ­MTGW\  DKU  -NCUUG  XQP FGPGP FKG\YGKVGKP\YGK5VWHGPWPVGTVGKNVYCTXQP FGPGP FKG +PUKIPKGP OKV \CJNTGKEJGP $GK\GKEJGP 5EJYGTVGT 5EJYGTVGT CO 4KPI $TKNNCPVGP -TQPG 'KEJGPNCWD   ,WDKN·WOU\CJN ,QJCPPKVGTMTGW\ 5EJYGTV WPF 5\GRVGT 'OCKNNGDCPF FGU -TQPGPQTFGPU -QODKPCVKQPGP OÌINKEJ    XGTNKGJGP YGTFGP MQPPVGP YCU \W GKPGT IGTCFG\W WPÒDGTUKEJVNKEJGP #TVGPXKGNHCNV HÒJTVG /KV FGO 'PFG FGT   /QPCTEJKGKUVCWEJFGT1TFGPWPVGTIGICPIGP

8141 (1:1) 8138









8139

8140

8142

4QVGT #FNGT1TFGP  /QFGNN OKV \KGIGNTQVGO #FNGT    -TGW\  -NCUUG  #WUICDG  

OKVIGMÌTPVGP-TGW\CTOGPUGKV 5KNDGTVGKNYGKUGGOCKNNKGTVHGKPG'OCKNNGOCNGTGKCWHFGO4CPF FGUWPVGTGP-TGW\CTOU4KV\OCTMG9CONCPIGPCNVGP1TKIKPCNDCPF$9-1'- ++



4QVGT #FNGT1TFGP  /QFGNN OKV \KGIGNTQVGO #FNGT    -TGW\  -NCUUG  #WUICDG  

OKVIGMÌTPVGP-TGW\CTOGPUGKV 5KNDGTVGKNYGKUGGOCKNNKGTVHGKPG'OCKNNGOCNGTGK/GFCKNNQPHGNF NGKEJV XGTFTGJV QJPG *GTUVGNNGTOCTMKGTWPI CO CNVGP 1TKIKPCNDCPF KO UEJYCT\GP OKV IQNFHCTDGPGO   /QPQITCOODGFTWEMVGP'VWK$9-1'- ++



4QVGT #FNGT1TFGP  /QFGNN OKV \KGIGNTQVGO #FNGT    -TGW\  -NCUUG  #WUICDG  

OKV IGMÌTPVGP -TGW\CTOGP  UGKV   5KNDGT VGKNYGKUG GOCKNNKGTV HGKPG 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK QJPG *GT   UVGNNGTOCTMKGTWPIIGFWPMGNVQJPG$CPFKOTQVGP'VWK$9-1'- ++



4QVGT#FNGT1TFGP/QFGNN OKV\KGIGNTQVGO#FNGT /KPKCVWTFGU-TGW\GU-NCUUG #WUICDG OKVIGMÌTPVGP-TGW\CTOGPUGKV 5KNDGT#XGTUOGFCKNNQP)QNF  VGKNYGKUGGOCKNNKGTV HGKPG'OCKNNGOCNGTGK4GXGTUOGFCKNNQPITCXKGTVCOCNVGP1TKIKPCND·PFEJGP 4++



5GNVGPG·W­GTUVSWCNKV·VUXQNNG,WYGNKGTU'KP\GNCPHGVKIWPICWUFGONGV\VGP8KGTVGNFGU,CJJWPFGTVU

 154

4QVG#FNGT/GFCKNNG/QFGNN  #WUHÒJTWPI OKVIGUEJNQUUGPGT-TQPG -TKGIUOGVCNN CO$CPF$9-1'- ++




DEUTSCHE STAATEN

8143 (1:1)



8144 (1:1)

-ÌPKINKEJGT-TQPGP1TFGP/QFGNN OKVITQ­GTRTGW­KUEJGT-ÌPKIUMTQPGUGKVEC $TWUVUVGTP \WT-NCUUG&WTEJOGUUGTOO5KNDGT/GFCKNNQP)QNFGOCKNNKGTVICP0CFGN$9- 1'- ++



8QP -ÌPKI 9KNJGNO +  CWU #PNC­ UGKPGT -TÌPWPI CO  1MVQDGT  IGUVKHVGV .CWV *ÒUMGP KP *2   5 GTHWJTFKG-TQPGKOXQTFGTUGKVKIGP/GFCKNNQPGKPGGTUVGPFGTWPI XQPGKPGTCNNIGOGKPGPJGTCNFKUEJGP -ÌPKIUMTQPGKPGKPGōMNGKPGŋRTGW­KUEJG-ÌPKIUMTQPG WPFECGKPG\YGKVG XQPFGTōMNGKPGPŋKPFKGōITQ­Gŋ RTGW­KUEJGP-ÌPKIUMTQPG'TXGTHÒIVGÒDGTXKGT-NCUUGPXQPFGPGPFKG\YGKVGKP\YGK5VWHGP OKVWPFQJPG$TWUV UVGTP WPVGTVGKNVYCT&KG+PUKIPKGPMQPPVGPOKV\CJNTGKEJGP$GK\GKEJGP 5EJYGTVGT5EJYGTVGTCO4KPI'KEJGPNCWD $TKNNCPVGP,WDKN·WOU\CJN)GPHGT-TGW\'OCKNNGDCPFFGU4QVGP#FNGT1TFGPU-QODKPCVKQPGPOÌINKEJ XGTNKGJGP YGTFGP YCU ·JPNKEJ YKG DGKO 4QVGP #FNGT1TFGP \W GKPGT ITQ­GP #TVGPXKGNHCNV HÒJTVG /KV FGO 'PFG FGT   /QPCTEJKGKO0QXGODGTKUVCWEJFKGUGT1TFGPWPVGTIGICPIGP



-ÌPKINKEJGT-TQPGP1TFGP/QFGNN OKVITQ­GTRTGW­KUEJGT-ÌPKIUMTQPGKO8QTFGTUGKVGPOGFCKNNQP UGKVEC -TGW\-NCUUG#PHGTVKIWPIFGT(KTOC)QFGVKP$GTNKP)QNFGOCKNNKGTVICWH FGO<[NKPFGT*GTUVGNNGTRWP\G)FGT(KTOC)QFGVCOPGWGP*CNUDCPFCDUEJPKVV$9-1'-  ++



'ZGORNCTGKPGUPKEJVJ·WHKI\WHKPFGPGPFGP*GTUVGNNGTU

8145

8146

8148



-ÌPKINKEJGT -TQPGP1TFGP  /QFGNN OKV ITQ­GT RTGW­KUEJGT -ÌPKIUMTQPG  UGKV EC   -TGW\   -NCUUG$TQP\GXGTIQNFGV/GFCKNNQP)QNFGOCKNNKGTVQJPG$CPF$9-1'- ++





-ÌPKINKEJGT -TQPGP1TFGP  /QFGNN OKV ITQ­GT RTGW­KUEJGT -ÌPKIUMTQPG  UGKV EC   -TGW\   -NCUUG$TQP\GXGTIQNFGV/GFCKNNQP)QNFGOCKNNKGTVQJPG$CPF$9-1'- ++





-TQPGP1TFGP/GFCKNNG  #WUHÒJTWPI -TQPG OKVIGRT·IV WPF CWUIGU·IV  CP 'KPGT$CPFUEJPCNNG   0CFGNHGJNV$9-1'- ++





-ÌPKINKEJGT *CWUQTFGP XQP *QJGP\QNNGTP 4KVVGTMTGW\ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF   GOCKNNKGTVCWHFGO4CPFFGUWPVGTGP-TGW\CTOU2WP\G9WPF5KNDGTRWP\GCO$CPF$9- 1'- ++

 155


DEUTSCHE STAATEN

8149 8151







8152

8153

-ÌPKINKEJGT *CWUQTFGP XQP *QJGP\QNNGTP 4KVVGTMTGW\ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF   GOCKNNKGTV-TQPGDGYGINKEJCWHFGO4CPFFGUWPVGTGP-TGW\CTOUGKPIGTKV\V59*CNDOQPF-TQPG   QJPG$CPF$9-1'- ++



-ÌPKINKEJGT *CWUQTFGP XQP *QJGP\QNNGTP 4KVVGTMTGW\ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF   GOCKNNKGTVCWHFGO4CPFFGUWPVGTGP-TGW\CTOU5KNDGTRWP\G-TQPGWPF5EJYGTVGTHGJNGPOGJTGTG MNGKPG5EJ·FGPQJPG$CPF$9-1'- +8



$CNNG[ $TCPFGPDWTI FGU 4KVVGTNKEJGP 1TFGPU 5V ,QJCPPKU XQO 5RKVCN \W ,GTWUCNGO ,QJCPPKVGT   QTFGP  -TGW\ FGT 4GEJVUTKVVGT $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV OKP #DURNKVVGTWPIGP KP \YGK   -TGW\URKV\GPGKPG-TGW\URKV\GNGKEJVIGUVCWEJVCONCPIGPIGVTCIGPGP*CNUDCPFKOQTKIKPCNGPUEJYCT \GP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK1'- ++



)GVTCIGPG#PHGTVKIWPICWUFGO\YGKVGP8KGTVGNFGU,CJTJWPFGTVU



$CNNG[ $TCPFGPDWTI FGU 4KVVGTNKEJGP 1TFGPU 5V ,QJCPPKU XQO 5RKVCN \W ,GTWUCNGO ,QJCPPKVGT   QTFGP  -TGW\ FGT 'JTGPTKVVGT $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV VGKNYGKUG NCEMKGTV CO IGVTCIGPGP   *CNUDCPFCWHFGP8GTUEJNW­MPÌRHGP*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPIFGT(KTOC)QFGV5QJPKP$GTNKP1'-  ++



)GVTCIGPG#PHGTVKIWPICWUFGO\YGKVGP8KGTVGNFGU,CJTJWPFGTVU



$CNNG[ $TCPFGPDWTI FGU 4KVVGTNKEJGP 1TFGPU 5V ,QJCPPKU XQO 5RKVCN \W ,GTWUCNGO ,QJCPPKVGT   QTFGP -TGW\FGT'JTGPTKVVGT$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVVGKNYGKUGNCEMKGTVCO*CNUDCPFCDUEJPKVV KOYGK­GP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK1'- ++



)GVTCIGPG#PHGTVKIWPICWUFGO\YGKVGP8KGTVGNFGU,CJTJWPFGTVU

8155 8154



8156

$CNNG[ $TCPFGPDWTI FGU 4KVVGTNKEJGP 1TFGPU 5V ,QJCPPKU XQO 5RKVCN \W ,GTWUCNGO ,QJCPPKVGT   QTFGP  $TWUVMTGW\ FGT 1TFGPUTKVVGT 5KNDGT CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG GT 5KNDGTOCTMG WPF *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G   *,9KO-NGGDNCVVCP3WGTPCFGN ++



5GJTSWCNKV·VUXQNNG#PHGTVKIWPI



#NNIGOGKPGU'JTGP\GKEJGP-TGW\FGU#NNIGOGKPGP'JTGP\GKEJGPU5KNDGT/GFCKNNQPU)QNFCOPKEJV ICP\MQTTGMVGP TÌVNKEJUVCVVIGND $CPF$9-1'- ++





#NNIGOGKPGU'JTGP\GKEJGP'JTGP\GKEJGP-NCUUG/QFGNN5KNDGTOKVQTKIKPCNGO$CPFKO8GT NGKJWPIUGVWKOKVPKEJVICP\RCUUGPFGT'KPNCIG GVYCUMNGKPGTGT&WTEJOGUUGT=ECOO?¤UGPCWUURC TWPI SWGTQXCN WPF ITÌ­GT =EC  OO? CNU PQTOCN  &GEMGNDKPFWPI GVYCU IGNQEMGTV KO ªDGTMCTVQP   OKV#WHFTWEM#NNIGOGKPGU'JTGP\GKEJGP ++



/ÌINKEJGTYGKUGJCPFGNVGUUKEJDGKFGO'VWKWOFCUGKPGTCPFGTGP#WU\GKEJPWPI

156


DEUTSCHE STAATEN

8160 8157

8159

8158



8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ -TGW\ KP )QNF $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV /GFCKNNQPU )QNF CO CNVGP 1TKIKPCNDCPF   $9-1'- ++





8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ -TGW\ KP )QNF $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV /GFCKNNQPU 5KNDGT 8GTIQNFWPI XGTICPIGP  QJPG   $CPF$9-1'- ++





8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ -TGW\ KP 5KNDGT 5KNDGT OKV UR·VGTGO $CPFCDUEJPKVV KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK   $9-1'- ++



&CU8GTFKGPUVMTGW\KP5KNDGTKUVYGKVCWUUGNVGPGT\WHKPFGPCNUFCULGPKIGKP)QNF



8GTFKGPUV'JTGP\GKEJGP HÒT 4GVVWPI CWU )GHCJT  #WUHÒJTWPI   OKV +PUEJTKHV   ō-1'0+)ŋWPFUGEJU\CEMKIGO5VGTPEJGPÒDGTFGO-QRH 5KNDGTCOUR·VGTGP$CPF24- ++

8162



8163

8161



8GTFKGPUVMTGW\HÒT(TCWGPWPF,WPIHTCWGP  5KNDGTVGKNYGKUGITCXKGTVGOCKNNKGTVCPFGTQTKIK PCNGPCNVGP&COGPUEJNGKHG$9-1'- ++





/GFCKNNG &'/$'56'05%*ª6<'0&WTEJOGUUGTOOOKV5VGORGNUEJPGKFGTUKIPCVWT .'55'4GKPKIG-TCV\GTCOCNVGP$CPF ++p+++





'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG CP FGP 6QF -ÌPKI (TKGFTKEJ 9KNJGNOU +8 CO  ,CPWCT  $TQP\G   &WTEJOGUUGTOOIGJGPMGNVQJPG$CPF ++



8164 (1:1)



5QIGPCPPVG 2T·OKGPOGFCKNNG -ÌPKI 9KNJGNOUWPF-ÌPKIKP#WIWUVCUXQP2TGW­GP#WUHÒJTWPI )QNFGPG/GFCKNNG  &WTEJOGUUGTOO)QNFIOKV5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT5KIPCVWT).115CWH FGO4GXGTU9KFOWPIUITCXWT<74'4+00'470)#09+.*)4#(85%*.+'(('0*#726/ +/GP)#4&'4')+/'06<7(755UVCTMIGVTCIGPQJPG$CPF 4444++p+++



'UJCPFGNVUKEJJKGTDGKWP\YGKHGNJCHVWOGKPIGRT·IVGU1TKIKPCNGZGORNCTFCUXKGNIGVTCIGPYQTFGPKUV*ÒUMGPHÒJTV

KP *2 5  0T   GKPG #WUHÒJTWPI KP )QNF PKEJV CWH #WHITWPF FGT 9KFOWPIUKPUEJTKHV FÒTHVG GU UKEJ   JKGTDGKWOGKP7PKMCVJCPFGNP*CWRVOCPP9KNJGNOXQP5EJNKGHHGPYCTGKP/KVINKGFFGTRQOOGTUEJGP#FGNUHCOKNKG FGT)TCHGPXQP5EJNKGHHGPFGTCWEJFGTRTGW­KUEJG)GPGTCNHGNFOCTUEJCNNWPF%JGHFGU)GPGTCNUVCDGU#NHTGF)TCH XQP5EJNKGHHGP  #WVQTFGUUQIGPCPPVGP5EJNKGHHGP2NCPGUIGJÌTVG

157


DEUTSCHE STAATEN

8165 (1:1)

8167 Rv.

8166

8168 Rv.



/KNKV·T'JTGP\GKEJGP /KPKCVWT FGU /KNKV·T'JTGP\GKEJGPU  -NCUUG  Z  OO 5KNDGT QJPG   $·PFEJGP 4++





/KNKV·T'JTGP\GKEJGP 'JTGP\GKEJGP  -NCUUG 5KNDGT OKV FÒPPGO $CPFTKPI CO CNV IGUEJNQUUGPGP   $CPFHÒT0KEJVM·ORHGT$9-1'- ++





-TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G   #WUICDG OKV IGTCFNKPKIGP -TGW\CTOGPFGP )GUEJÒV\DTQP\G OKV 4CPFRT·   IWPICOCNVGP1TKIKPCNDCPF$9-1'- ++



-TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G  HÒT 0KEJVM·ORHGT 5QIGPCPPVG 'KUGTPG 2HNCWOG #WUICDG HÒT   'KUGPIGUEJY·T\VQJPG$CPF$9-1'- ++



8QPFGT*G[FGPKOOVFKGUG'KPQTFPWPI #WUICDGOKVTWPFGP-TGW\CTOGPFGPWPF#WUICDGOKVIGTCFNKPKIGP -TGW\CTOGPFGP  CWHITWPF FGU 7OUVCPFGU XQT FC­ GU XQP FGP GTUVGTGP MGKPG #WUICDG HÒT  IKDV UKG CNUQ XQT   JGTIGUVGNNVYQTFGPUGKPOÒ­VGP XIN*G[FG*GKMQXQPFGT&KGRTGW­KUEJGP-TKGIUFGPMOÒP\GP+P+0(1 ,I0T/ÒPEJGP5HH 



8170 8171

8169 Rv.



-TKGIUFGPMOÒP\GHÒT0KEJVM·ORHGT5QIGPCPPVG'KUGTPG2HNCWOG#WUICDGHÒT'KUGP FÒPPGU'ZGORNCT5EJY·T\WPIPCJG\WXQNNUV·PFKIXGTICPIGPQJPG$CPF$9-1'- ++





5QIGPCPPVGU $GTNKPGT 'KUGP \WT 'TKPPGTWPI CP FGP UKGITGKEJGP #WUICPI FGT 8ÌNMGTUEJNCEJV DGK   .GKR\KIXQODKU1MVQDGT'KUGPOKV5KNDGTDGUEJN·IGP ++





'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNGCWHFKG#NNKCP\XQPUKGITGKEJG4WUUGP¤UVGTTGKEJGTP2TGW­GPWPF5EJYGFGP 5KNDGTQJPG$CPF ++





'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNGCWHFKGUKGITGKEJG#NNKCP\XQP4WUUGP¤UVGTTGKEJGTP2TGW­GPWPF5EJYGFGP 5KNDGTQJPG$CPF ++p+++



ex 8173 8174



ex 8175

-QPXQNWV XQP PGWP UQIGPCPPVGP 5KGIGURHGPPKIGP XQP &CPKGN (TKGFTKEJ .QQU   $GHTGKWPI $GTNKP    )TQ­IÌTUEJGP .ÒDPKV\$GN\KI %WNO  8ÌNMGTUEJNCEJV.GKR\KI

Z  .ÒDGEM 'THWTV 'KP\WIKP2CTKU,GYGKNU5KNDGTDGKHÒPH5VÒEM¤UGCDIG DTQEJGPKPWPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGT'TJCNVWPI.11##  5VÒEM++++p+++++++8





0GWEJ³VGNGT'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG  5KNDGTCOCNVGP1TKIKPCNDCPF$9-XCT1'-  ++





&ÒRRGNGT5VWTOMTGW\ WPF #NUGP-TGW\  -QPXQNWV XQP LGYGKNU \YGK 'ZGORNCTGP FCXQP FTGK   XGTNKGJGPG'ZGORNCTGXQO&ÒRRGNGT5VWTOMTGW\GKPG5RCPIGPRT·IWPI CPXGTUEJKGFGPGP$·PFGTPKP QTFGPVNKEJGP'TJCNVWPIGP$9-1'- 5VÒEM++



158


DEUTSCHE STAATEN

ex 8176 Rv.

ex 8177 Rv.

8178







-TKGIU&GPMOÒP\G  -QPXQNWV XQP FTGK XGTUEJKGFGPGP 'ZGORNCTGP   2TGW­KUEJG #WUICDG HÒT   -·ORHGTOKV4CPFRT·IWPI 2TGW­KUEJG#WUICDGHÒT0KEJVM·ORHGT ¤UVGTTGKEJKUEJG#WUICDGQJPG 4CPFRT·IWPI,GYGKNUCP$·PFGTPKPQTFGPVNKEJGP'TJCNVWPIGP$9-$9-1'-  5VÒEM++



'TKPPGTWPIUMTGW\-QORNGVVGT5CV\CNNGTXKGT-TGW\G XGTNKGJGPG'ZGORNCTG  -¤0+))46<  &'4/#+0#4/'' 64'7'0-4+')'40 2(.+%*664'7'+/ -4+')'  HÒT 0KEJVM·ORHGT #P $·PFGTP KP QTFGPVNKEJGP 'TJCNVWPIGP $9-    1'- 5VÒEM++



-TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G  /GFCKNNG HÒT -·ORHGT )GUEJÒV\DTQP\G OKV 4CPFRT·IWPI GKPGT INCVVGT   'KPGT1TFGPUUEJPCNNGOKVUGEJUCWHIGNGIVGP)GHGEJVUURCPIGP$'#7)'0%;%4#8#0614.—#05 2#4+5 01+55'8+..' )4#8'.166'5624+8#6 WPF 8+108+..'/#45 .# 6174   #P0CFGN$9-FTUSN1'- ++



8179 8181 ex 8180









8182

-TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G)NCVVG'KPGT1TFGPUUEJPCNNG QJPG/GFCKNNG OKVFTGKCWHIGNGIVGP)GHGEJVU URCPIGP.'/#0514.—#05WPF/'6<#P0CFGN$9-OTQ1'-  ++



-TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G)NCVVG'KPGT1TFGPUUEJPCNNG OKV\YGKDGKNKGIGPFGP/GFCKNNGP'KPJ·PIJC MGPCDIGDTQEJGP OKVFTGKCWHIGNGIVGP)GHGEJVUURCPIGP2#4+55'&#0WPF$'#7/1060CFGN CDIGDTQEJGP$9-UWG1'- 5VÒEM++



-TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G  .GGTGU $CPF QJPG /GFCKNNG  OKV XKGT CWHIGNGIVGP )GHGEJVUURCPIGP   01+55'8+..'%1.1/$';017+..;/'6<WPF5637'06+0$9-SLQ V1'- ++



-TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G  /GFCKNNG HÒT -·ORHGT )GUEJÒV\DTQP\G OKV 4CPFRT·IWPI GKPGT INCVVGT   'KPGT1TFGPUUEJPCNNG OKV XKGT CWHIGNGIVGP )GHGEJVUURCPIGP 2#4+5 5'&#0 9¤46* WPF   9'+55'0$74)#P0CFGN$9-UWCDCC1'- ++

 159


DEUTSCHE STAATEN

8183 8184







8185

8186

-TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G  /GFCKNNG HÒT -·ORHGT )GUEJÒV\DTQP\G OKV 4CPFRT·IWPI GKPGT INCVVGT   <YGKGT1TFGPUUEJPCNNG OKV $CPF HÒT FKG <GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG FKG /GFCKNNG HGJNV  OKV XKGT CWHIGNGIVGP   )GHGEJVUURCPIGP2#4+55'&#09¤46*WPF9'+55'0$74)#P0CFGN$9-U WCC1'- ++



-TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G/KPKCVWTFGT/GFCKNNGHÒT-·ORHGTCP$CPFTCJGOKV$·PFEJGPOKVUGEJU )GHGEJVUURCPIGP .' /#05 $'#7)'0%;)4#8#06 14.—#05.1+)0;21724; 2#4+5WPF/'6< ++



-TGW\ HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FCU /KNKV·T$TKGHVCWDGPYGUGP 'KUGP CO GTI·P\VGP $CPFTKPI CO $CPF   $9-*2 4++



.CWV*ÒUMGP KP*25 YWTFGPXQPFGOCO&G\GODGTFWTEJFCU-IN2TGW­KUEJG-TKGIUOKPKUVG TKWOIGUVKHVGVGP8GTFKGPUVMTGW\5VÒEMJGTIGUVGNNVYQXQPXGTNKGJGPYQTFGPUKPF



5EJKG­2T·OKGPOGFCKNNG  /QFGNN OKV FGO 2QTVTCKV 9KNJGNOU ++    /GFCKNNG \W     /CTM&WTEJOGUUGTOO5KNDGTOKV5VGORGNUEJPGKFGTUKIPCVWT'9'+)#0&5%CP¤UGOKV $CPF*ª52 ++



)GUVKHVGVOKV%CDKPGVU1TFTG-ÌPKI(TKGFTKEJ9KNJGNO+++  KPFTGK5VWHGP&CU/QFGNNOKVFGO 2QTVTCKV9KNJGNOU++KPUGEJU5VWHGPYWTFGGKPIGHÒJTV

8187



8188

8189

8190

/GFCKNNG \WT 'TKPPGTWPI CP FKG (GKGTNKEJMGKVGP CWU #PNC­ FGU 'KPJWPFGTVL·JTKIGP $GUVGJGPU   FGU  4JGKPKUEJGP +PHCPVGTKG4GIKOGPVU XQP .ÒV\QY 0T  $TQP\G XGTUKNDGTV CO PGWGP $CPF   75 ++



+O,CJTGGTTKEJVGVG-ÌPKI(TKGFTKEJ9KNJGNO+++XQP2TGW­GP  KP*CPCWFCU6JÒTKPIKUEJG7NCPGP 4GIKOGPV0TCWUFGO-CXCNNGTKGVGKNFGUNGIGPF·TGPCWHIGUVGNNVGP(TGKMQTRU.ÒV\QYFGURTGW­KUEJGP/CLQTU

UR·VGT)GPGTCNOCLQT .WFYKI#FQNH9KNJGNO(TGKJGTTPXQP.ÒV\QY  FGTCNU1DGTUVNGWVPCPVCWEJGTUVGT -QOOCPFGWTFGUPGWGP4GIKOGPVUYWTFG'UIGJÌTVGUR·VGTFGO:8+++#TOGGMQTRUCP$KU\WUGKPGO6QF YCT-ÌPKI%JTKUVKCP+:XQP&·PGOCTM  %JGHFGU4GIKOGPVUYGUJCNDGUUGKP/QPQITCOOHÒJTVG<WO GKPJWPFGTUVGP ,CJTGUVCI FGT #WHUVGNNWPI FGU (TGKMQTRU .ÒV\QY KO ,CJTG  YWTFG FKGUG /GFCKNNG IGUVKHVGV   &KG8QTFGTUGKVGFGT/GFCKNNGKUVKFGPVKUEJOKVFGTKOINGKEJGP,CJTIGUVKHVGVGP,WDKN·WOUOGFCKNNGFGU4JGKPKUEJGP +PHCPVGTKG4GIKOGPVUXQP.ÒV\QY0TFCUCWUFGO+PHCPVGTKGVGKNFGUGJGOCNKIGP(TGKMQTRU.ÒV\QYIGDKNFGV YQTFGPKUV







160

5EJKG­2T·OKGPOGFCKNNG  /QFGNN OKV FGO 2QTVTCKV 9KNJGNOU ++    /GFCKNNG \W     /CTM &WTEJOGUUGT  OO 5KNDGT OKV 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGTUKIPCVWT ' 9'+)#0& 5% CP ¤UG OKV   $CPF*ª52 ++



&KGPUV#WU\GKEJPWPIU-TGW\ HÒTCMVKXG1HHK\KGTG #WUHÒJTWPI OKVITÌDGTIGMÌTPVGP-TGW\CTOGP EC XCTKCPVGT6[RQJPG2WPMVJKPVGT::8&WTEJOGUUGTOO$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVCO $CPF$9-1'- ++



&KGPUV#WU\GKEJPWPIU-TGW\ HÒTCMVKXG1HHK\KGTG #WUHÒJTWPI OKVITÌDGTIGMÌTPVGP-TGW\CTOGP EC   XCTKCPVGT 6[R OKV DTGKVGP RQNKGTVGP 4·PFGTP FGT -TGW\CTOG $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV CO   $CPF$9-1'- ++




DEUTSCHE STAATEN 

-QPXQNWV XQP  RTGW­KUEJGP \KXKNGP WPF OKNKV·TKUEJGP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP &CTWPVGT -TQPGP1TFGP  /GFCKNNG#NNIGOGKPGU'JTGP\GKEJGP-NCUUG Z #NNIGOGKPGU'JTGP\GKEJGPKP$TQP\G/KNKV·T'JTGP \GKEJGP  -NCUUG -TKGIGT8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG +P XGTUEJKGFGPGP /GVCNNGP HÒPH KP 5KNDGT  KP   WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP'TJCNVWPIGPVGKNUCP$·PFGTPGKPGCP'KPGT$CPFUEJPCNNG 5VÒEM+++8



8192



#OVUMGVVG FGT 5VCFVXGTQTFPGVGP XQP 2QVUFCO /KV JQJN IGHGTVKIVGO #OVU\GKEJGP OKV 7OUEJTKHV   56#&68'414&0'6' <7 2165&#/  /&%%%8+++ 5KNDGT CWH FGO 4GXGTU OKV +PUEJTKHV   (4+'&4+%* 9+.*'./ +++  -1'0+) 810 24'755'0  )47'0&'4  &'4  56#'&6'   14&070)OKV4CPFRT·IWPI.$';'4*#75CP-GVVG5KNDGT ++



8GTINGKEJG JKGT\W /CNEJQY )KUGNC WPF *GTOCPP  &KG #OVU\GKEJGP 2QVUFCO /&%%%8+++ +P $GKVT·IG \WT   $TCPFGPDWTIKUEJ2TGWUUKUEJGP0WOKUOCVKM0WOKUOCVKUEJGU*GHV$GTNKP5HH

8193

24'755'0-¤0+)4'+%*'+5'40'5-4'7< 

'KUGTPGU -TGW\ #WUICDG  -TGW\  -NCUUG #PHGTVKIWPIUUGTKG XQP  DKU  'KUGP IG   UEJY·T\V5KNDGT\CTIG¤UGCNVTGRCTKGTVQJPG$CPF$9-XCT1'-XCT ++p+++



'UJCPFGNVUKEJJKGTDGKWOGKP'ZGORNCTFGTDGK*G[FG KP*(#50T% DGUEJTKGDGPGP5GTKGFGTGP#PHGTVK IWPI KP FGP ,CJTGP  DKU  HÒT PQEJ CPUVGJGPFG 8GTNGKJWPIGP PQVYGPFKI IGYQTFGP YCT CWHITWPF FGU XQP   -ÌPKI (TKGFTKEJ 9KNJGNO +++   OKV &CVWO XQO  &G\GODGT  CWUIGDGPGP #NNGTJÌEJUVGP 'TNC­   CPFKG)GPGTCN1TFGPU%QOOKUUKQPFKGPCEJ&KGPUVLCJTGPKPFGT#TOGGUQHQTVGKPVTGVGPFG8GTGTDWPIFGU'KUGT PGP -TGW\GU DGVTGHHGPF D\Y CWHITWPF UGKPGU OKV &CVWO XQO  &G\GODGT  CWUIGIGDGPGP #NNGTJÌEJUVGP   'TNC­ CP FKG #TOGG ÒDGT FKG 8GTNGKJWPI FGU 'KUGTPGP -TGW\GU CP CNNG PQEJ XQTJCPFGPGP 'TDDGTGEJVKIVGP DGKFG   CDIGFTWEMVKP50'-7TMWPFGP50TWPF0T   &CU 'KUGTPG -TGW\ YWTFG CWH RGTUÌPNKEJG +PKVKCVKXG CO  /·T\  XQP -ÌPKI (TKGFTKEJ 9KNJGNO +++ KP FTGK   -NCUUGP 'KUGTPGU -TGW\  -NCUUG 'KUGTPGU -TGW\  -NCUUG )TQ­MTGW\ FGU 'KUGTPGP -TGW\GU  CNU -TKGIU  'JTGP\GKEJGP KO DGUVGJGPFGP 8GTVGKFKIWPIUHCNN  HÒT     8GTFKGPUV YGNEJGU KP FGO LGV\V CWUDTGEJGPFGP -TKGIG   GPVYGFGT KO YKTMNKEJGP -CORH OKV FGO (GKPFG QFGT CW­GTFGO KO (GNFG QFGT FCJGKO LGFQEJ KP $G\KGJWPI CWH   FKGUGPITQ­GP-CORHWO(TGKJGKVWPF5GNDUVUV·PFKIMGKVGTYQTDGPYKTF 5VKHVWPIUWTMWPFG 'UUQNNVGPCEJFGO CWUFTÒEMNKEJGP9KNNGPFGU-ÌPKIUKPFGTWPF-NCUUGQJPG#PUGJGPXQP2GTUQPWPF*GTMWPHVCPLGFGP/CPP XGTNKGJGP YGTFGP FGT UKEJ FGUUGP CNU YÒTFKI GTYKGU +P FGT (QNIG\GKV YWTFG FCU 'KUGTPG -TGW\ \WO 5[ODQN FGT   $GHTGKWPIUMTKGIG WPF GTTGKEJVG GKP JQJGU #PUGJGP XIN CWEJ W X C 5EJPGKFGT .QWKU &KG 2TGW­KUEJGP 1TFGP   'JTGP\GKEJGP WPF #WU\GKEJPWPIGP  &CU $WEJ XQO 'KUGTPGP -TGW\G $GTNKP   *ÒVVG 9GTPGT 1VVQ &KG   )GUEJKEJVG FGU 'KUGTPGP -TGW\GU WPF UGKPG $GFGWVWPI HÒT FCU RTGW­KUEJG WPF FGWVUEJG #WU\GKEJPWPIUYGUGP XQP   DKU\WT)GIGPYCTV$QPP0KOOGTIWV,ÌTI *I &CU'KUGTPG-TGW\.ÒFGPUEJGKF )GK­NGT *CTCNF &CU 'KUGTPG -TGW\ XQP  DKU JGWVG 0QTFGTUVGFV   $QYGP 8 ' 6JG 2TWUUKCP CPF   )GTOCP+TQP%TQUU#WHNCIGQJPG1TVWPFQJPG,CJT2TGXKVGTC5VGRJGP6JQOCU6JG+TQP6KOG#*KUVQT[ QH6JG+TQP%TQUU#WHNCIG 

161


DEUTSCHE STAATEN

ex 8194



8196

8195

8197

'KUGTPGU -TGW\ #WUICDG  -TGW\  -NCUUG XGTNKGJGPGU 'ZGORNCT 'KUGP IGUEJY·T\V PKEJVNCE MKGTV <CTIG5KNDGTCO$CPFHÒT-·ORHGTOKVCWHIGNGIVGT'KEJGPNCWDURCPIG OKV\YGK5RNKPVGP  $9-1'- 5VÒEM++



'KUGTPGU -TGW\ #WUICDG  -TGW\  -NCUUG XGTNKGJGPGU 'ZGORNCT 'KUGP IGUEJY·T\V PKEJVNCE MKGTV <CTIG5KNDGTCO$CPFHÒT-·ORHGTOKVCWHIGNGIVGT'KEJGPNCWDURCPIG OKV\YGK5RNKPVGP  $9-1'- ++





'KUGTPGU-TGW\#WUICDG4GFWMVKQPGKPGU-TGW\GU-NCUUGUQIGPCPPVG2TKP\GPITÌ­GZ OO'KUGPIGUEJY·T\V PKEJVNCEMKGTV <CTIG5KNDGTQJPG$CPF ++





'KUGTPGU -TGW\ #WUICDG  -TGW\  -NCUUG XGTNKGJGPGU 'ZGORNCT 'KUGP IGUEJY·T\V PKEJV   NCEMKGTV <CTIG5KNDGTCO$CPFHÒT-·ORHGTOKVCWHIGNGIVGT'KEJGPNCWDURCPIG OKV\YGK5RNKPVGP  WPF 9KGFGTJQNWPIUURCPIG  5KNDGT VGKNYGKUG GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI   ,1* 9#)0'4  51*0  $'4.+0 OKV \YGK 5RNKPVGP  $9-    1'-      44++



+P(QNIGFGT-TKGIUGTMN·TWPI(TCPMTGKEJUCP2TGW­GPCO,WNKGTPGWGTVG-ÌPKI9KNJGNO+XQP2TGW­GPFCU 'KUGTPG-TGW\YGPKIG6CIGUR·VGTTÒEMFCVKGTVCWHFGP6CIFGT-TKGIUGTMN·TWPI



8199

8200 8198



'KUGTPGU -TGW\ #WUICDG  -TGW\  -NCUUG XGTNKGJGPGU 'ZGORNCT 'KUGP IGUEJY·T\V PKEJV   NCEMKGTV  <CTIG 5KNDGT CO $CPF HÒT 0KEJVM·ORHGT OKV CWHIGNGIVGT 'KEJGPNCWDURCPIG  OKV \YGK   5RNKPVGP  WPF 9KGFGTJQNWPIUURCPIG  5KNDGT VGKNYGKUG GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG   \GKEJPWPI ,1* 9#)0'4  51*0  $'4.+0 OKV \YGK 5RNKPVGP  $9-    1'-    44++





'KUGTPGU-TGW\#WUICDG-TGW\+-NCUUGHNCEJG#WUHÒJTWPI'KUGPIGUEJY·T\V<CTIG5KNDGT CWH FGO 4GXGTU *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G -1 FGU -ÌPKINKEJGP /ÒP\COVU KP $GTNKP CP 0CFGN KO QTKIKPCNGP   DQTFGCWZTQVGPOKV'KUGTPGO-TGW\DGMNGDVGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK$9-1'- ++



#O#WIWUVGTMN·TVGFCU&GWVUEJG4GKEJ4W­NCPFFGP-TKGIWPFCOFGU/QPCVU(TCPMTGKEJ&CTCWHJKP GTPGWGTVG-CKUGT9KNJGNO++CNU-ÌPKIXQP2TGW­GPCO#WIWUVFCU'KUGTPG-TGW\+PFGPHQNIGPFGP,CJTGP GPVYKEMGNVGUKEJFCU'KUGTPG-TGW\FGHCEVQ CWUFTÒEMNKEJPKEJVFGLWTG \WGKPGTIGOGKPUCOGP-TKGIUCWU\GKEJPWPI FGT5VCCVGPFGU&GWVUEJGP4GKEJGUYKGYQJNFKG8GTNGKJWPIUKPKVKCVKXGIGPGTGNNDGK2TGW­GPXGTDNKGD



162

'KUGTPGU-TGW\#WUICDG-TGW\+-NCUUGHNCEJG#WUHÒJTWPI'KUGPIGUEJY·T\V<CTIG5KNDGT CWH FGO 4GXGTU *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G -1 FGU -ÌPKINKEJGP /ÒP\COVU KP $GTNKP CP 0CFGN KO QTKIKPCNGP   UEJYCT\GP OKV IQNFHCTDGPGO 'KUGTPGO -TGW\ DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK 8GTUEJNW­ FGHGMV OKV DG   UEJ·FKIVGPDTCWPGPªDGTMCTVQPOKV#WHUEJTKHV$9-1'- ++




DEUTSCHE STAATEN

8201

8204

8202

8205

8203



'KUGTPGU-TGW\#WUICDG-TGW\+-NCUUGHNCEJG#WUHÒJTWPI'KUGPIGUEJY·T\V<CTIG5KNDGT CP0CFGNFKGUGOKV5KNDGTRWP\G$9-1'- ++





'KUGTPGU-TGW\#WUICDG-TGW\+-NCUUGHNCEJG#WUHÒJTWPI'KUGPIGUEJY·T\V<CTIG5KNDGT CWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG*GTUVGNNGTRWP\G-1FGU-ÌPKINKEJGP/ÒP\COVGUKP$GTNKPCP0CFGNKOQTKIKPCNGP UEJYCT\GPUKNDGTHCTDGPDGFTWEMVGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK$9-1'- ++



'KUGTPGU -TGW\ #WUICDG  -TGW\ + -NCUUG HNCEJG #WUHÒJTWPI #WUHÒJTWPI OKV DGUQPFGTGO   0CFGNU[UVGO 'KUGPMGTP IGUEJY·T\V <CTIG 5KNDGT OKV DGUQPFGTGO 0CFGNU[UVGO $9-    1'- ++



'KUGTPGU -TGW\ #WUICDG -TGW\+-NCUUGIGYÌNDVG#WUHÒJTWPI'KUGPIGUEJY·T\V<CTIG5KN DGT QJPG 2WP\KGTWPI QFGT $G\GKEJPWPI CP 0CFGN KO OÌINKEJGTYGKUG PKEJV \WIGJÌTKIGP UEJYCT\GP   UKNDGTPDGFTWEMVGP'VWKFGT(KTOC,)QFGVW5QJPKP$GTNKP$9-1'- ++



'KUGTPGU -TGW\ #WUICDG -TGW\+-NCUUGIGYÌNDVG#WUHÒJTWPI'KUGPIGUEJY·T\V<CTIG5KN DGTCWHFGO4GXGTU5KNDGTRWP\GOKV5EJTCWDG OÌINKEJGTYGKUGHCEJO·PPKUEJCNVTGRCTKGTV WPF 5EJTCWDUEJGKDGXKGNIGVTCIGP$9-1'- ++









8206

8207

8208

ex 8210



'KUGTPGU-TGW\#WUICDG-TGW\+-NCUUGIGYÌNDVG#WUHÒJTWPI'KUGPIGUEJY·T\V<CTIGXGT UKNDGTVOKVMNGKPGT5EJTCWDUEJGKDGXKGNIGVTCIGP$9-1'- ++p





'KUGTPGU -TGW\ #WUICDG  -TGW\ + -NCUUG IGYÌNDVG #WUHÒJTWPI <GPVTWO PKEJV OCIPGVKUEJ   <CTIGXGTUKNDGTVOKVITQ­GT5EJTCWDUEJGKDG$9-1'- ++





'KUGTPGU -TGW\ #WUICDG-TGW\+-NCUUGIGYÌNDVG#WUHÒJTWPI'KUGPMGTPIGUEJY·T\V<CTIG XGTUKNDGTVOKV\YGK5EJTCWDGP)GIGPRNCVVGWPF(GNFWPKHQTOVWEJWPF\YGK/WVVGTPFCXQPGKPGGTPGW GTV$9-1'- ++



'KUGTPGU -TGW\ #WUICDG  -QPXQNWV XQP UGEJU -TGW\GP ++ -NCUUG LGYGKNU OKV 'KUGPMGTP IG   UEJY·T\V<CTIG5KNDGT IGRTÒHV \YGKRWP\KGTVGKPGUTGRCTKGTVGKPGUCO$QIGPDCPF&C\WGKPGITQ­G 'KPGT(GNFUEJPCNNGOKV'-#WHNCIGCP0CFGN$9-1'- 5VÒEM+++++



'KUGTPGU -TGW\ #WUICDG  -QPXQNWV XQP FTGK XGTUEJKGFGPGP DTKVKUEJGP 2TQRCICPFCHGTVKIWPIGP   FGU'-++FCXQPGKPGUOKV$CPF 5VÒEM++







&KGUG5VÒEMGYWTFGPXQPFGP$TKVGPCPIGHGTVKIVWPF\W&GOQTCNKUKGTWPIUWPF2TQRCICPFC\YGEMGPOKV(NWI\GWIGP ÒDGTFGPFGWVUEJGP5VGNNWPIGPKP(TCPMTGKEJCDIGYQTHGP

163


DEUTSCHE STAATEN

8213 (1:1)

8212 (1:1) ex 8211

8214



'KUGTPGU-TGW\-QPXQNWVXQPCEJV/KPKCVWTGPFGU'-++-NCUUGWPFVGKNUCP5EJNGKHEJGP VGKNUCP0CFGNP+PWPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP'TJCNVWPIGP 5VÒEM++





'KUGTPGU-TGW\#WUICDG2CVTKQVKUEJG&COGPDTQUEJG-NGKPGU'KUGTPGU-TGW\$TQP\GGOCKN NKGTVWOIGDGPXQP5KOKNK$TKNNCPVGPCP0CFGN ++



4'755(ª456'06ª/'4)'/'+05#/ 



(ÒTUVNKEJ4GW­KUEJGU'JTGPMTGW\/KPKCVWTFGU-TGW\-NCUUGOKV-TQPGWPF5EJYGTVGTP#WUHÒJ TWPI OKV 5VTCJNGP \YKUEJGP FGP -TGW\CTOGP    XGTUKNDGTV VGKNYGKUG XGTIQNFGV VGKNYGKUG   GOCKNNKGTVQJPG$·PFEJGP ++



(ÒTUVNKEJ4GW­KUEJGU'JTGPMTGW\-TGW\-NCUUGOKV5EJYGTVGTP#WUHÒJTWPI OKV5VTCJNGP\YK UEJGP FGP -TGW\CTOGP    5KNDGT VGKNYGKUG XGTIQNFGV GOCKNNKGTV CO $CPF $9-    1'- ++



8216 8217

8218 8215



(ÒTUVNKEJ 4GW­KUEJGU 'JTGPMTGW\ )QNFGPG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV   COCNVIGP·JVGP$QIGPDCPF$9-1'- ++



4'755.6'4'.+0+'(ª456'067/ )4'+<$+5  

#PGTMGPPWPIUOGFCKNNGFGU.CPFWPF(QTUVYKTVUEJCHVNKEJGP8GTGKPU\W<GWNGPTQFC#PGTMGPPWPIU OGFCKNNGHÒT6TGWG&KGPUV&WTEJOGUUGTOO$TQP\GXGTUKNDGTVQJPG$CPF 4++





<KXKN'JTGPMTGW\D\Y CD 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\-TGW\-NCUUGD\Y)QNFGPGU-TGW\5KNDGTXGT IQNFGV/GFCKNNQPU)QNFGOCKNNKGTVCP&TGKGEM$CPFUEJPCNNGOKV0CFGNKOQTKIKPCNGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK $9-XCT1'- 4++



5#%*5'0-74(ª456'067/ $+5 70&-¤0+)4'+%*     9GKVGTGU·EJUKUEJG1TFGPWPF'JTGP\GKEJGPHKPFGP5KGKPWPUGTGT#WMVKQP-CV0T 

4KVVGTNKEJGT /KNKVCKT1TFGP 5CPEVK *GPTKEK   D\Y %JWTHÒTUVNKEJG5·EJUKUEJGT /KNKV·T1TFGP   5CPEVK *GPTKEK   D\Y -WTHÒTUVNKEJ   D\Y -ÌPKINKEJ UGKV   5·EJUKUEJGT   /KNKV·T5V*GKPTKEJU1TFGP/QFGNN UGKV 4KVVGTMTGW\#WUHÒJTWPI  #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC ) # 5EJCTHHGPDGTI KP &TGUFGP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV GOCKNNKGTV OGJTGTG %JKRU KP FGT DNCWGP   'OCKNNG FGT /GFCKNNQPTKPIG HGKPG 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK CO QTKIKPCNGP CNVGP &TGKGEMUDCPF $9-    1'- ++p

.CWV 9GDGT #TPQNF WPF -GKN N·­V UKEJ FGU 'ZGORNCT CWHITWPF FGT 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK XIN 9$   FGO *GTUVGNNGT   5EJCTHHGPDGTI KP &TGUFGP \WQTFPGP +JPGP \WHQNIG 9$ 5   UKPF KO GTUVGP 9GNVMTKGI  4KVVGTMTGW\G KP   5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVXGTNKGJGPYQTFGP

 164

&KGUG-CVCNQIRQUKVKQPGPVH·NNV






DEUTSCHE STAATEN

8220



-ÌPKINKEJ 5·EJUKUEJGT <KXKN8GTFKGPUVQTFGP   D\Y -ÌPKINKEJ 5·EJUKUEJGT 8GTFKGPUV   1TFGP  /QFGNN OKVIGOCNVGP/GFCKNNQPU #WUHÒJTWPI /GFCKNNQPTKPI WPF HGNF CWU GKPGO 5VÒEM    4KVVGTMTGW\  -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF   GOCKNNKGTVKO8QTFGTUGKVGPOGFCKNNQPMCWOUKEJVDCTGT'OCKNNGMTCV\GTCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVGMCWOUKEJVDCTG 'OCKNNGTGRCTCVWTCWHFGOWPVGTGP-TGW\CTOCOUR·VGTGP$CPF 4++



'Z#WMVKQPXQP#PFTGCU6JKGUKP-KTEJJGKOWPVGT6GEMCO&G\GODGT 0T 5GJTUEJÌPGU'ZGO RNCTCWUFGT\YGKVGP*·NHVGFGU'TUVGP9GNVMTKGIGUXQPFGONCWV9GDGT#TPQNFWPF-GKN KP9$5 XQP DKUPWT5VÒEMXGTNKGJGPYWTFGPFKGNCWV4QVJ KP5#5 CNNGCWHFGP'TUVGP9GNVMTKGIGPVHKGNGP  4KVVGTMTGW\G-NCUUGOKV5EJYGTVGTPWPF5EJYGTVGT\WDGTGKVUXGTNKGJGPGP4KVVGTMTGW\GP-NCUUG 

8221 (1:1)



-ÌPKINKEJ5·EJUKUEJGT#NDTGEJVUQTFGP/QFGNN OKVFGO2QTVTCKVXQP*GT\QI#NDTGEJV +++FGO$GJGT\VGP #WUHÒJTWPI #WUHÒJTWPIKP)QNF -NGKPQF\WO)TQ­MTGW\)QNF GOCKNNKGTVIQJPG5EJWNVGTDCPF$9-1'- +p++



)GUVKHVGV CO  &G\GODGT  XQP -ÌPKI (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV ++ CNU \WP·EJUV HÒPHMNCUUKIGT )TQ­MTGW\ -QOVWT    WPF  -NCUUG 4KVVGT WPF -NGKPMTGW\  CNNIGOGKPGT 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP  /QFGNN  #NU DGUQPFGTGT )PCFGPGTYGKU   MQPPVGFCU)TQ­MTGW\ōOKV$TKNNCPVGPŋXGTNKGJGPYGTFGP#DYWTFGFCU-NGKPMTGW\CNU'JTGPMTGW\DG\GKEJPGV YWTFGGKPGCHHKNKKGTVG\YGKUVWHKIG )QNFWPF5KNDGT /GFCKNNGIGUVKHVGVWPFYWTFGPHÒTCNNGHÒPH-NCUUGP FKG 5EJYGTVGT IGUVKHVGV 8QP  CP DKU   YCT FKG 8GTNGKJWPI CNNGT -NCUUGP CWEJ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CO 4KPI  

FKTGMVÒDGTFGO-TGW\CPIGDTCEJV OÌINKEJYWTFGOKVFGO'TNC­PGWGT1TFGPUUVCVWVGPFCUDKUJGTKIG2QTVTCKV -WTHÒTUV ,QJCPP ōFGU $GUV·PFKIGPŋ FWTEJ FCU 2QTVTCKV *GT\QI #NDTGEJVU +++ ōFGU $GJGT\VGPŋ CWH FGO 8QTFGTUGK   VGPOGFCKNNQP  /QFGNN  #WUHÒJTWPI  GTUGV\V DGUEJNQUUGP   &WTEJ FKG PGWGP 5VCVWVGP YWTFG CWEJ FKG   4KVVGTMNCUUGKPWPF-NCUUGCWHIGVGKNVFCU'JTGPMTGW\WPFFKG/GFCKNNGPCDIGUEJCHHVUQYKGFCU#NDTGEJVUMTGW\ CNU FGO 1TFGP CHHKNKKGTVGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP GKPIGHÒJTV  GTHQNIVG FKG 'KPHÒJTWPI GKPGU )QNFGPGP $TWUVUVGTPU \WO   )TQ­MTGW\ OKV GKPGO DGUQPFGTGP 5EJWNVGTDCPF CNU ÒDGT FGO PQTOCNGP )TQ­MTGW\ CPIGUKGFGNVG 5QPFGTUVWHG    GTHQNIVG FKG 5VKHVWPI FGU \YKUEJGP FGO -QOVWT  -NCUUG WPF FGO 4KVVGT  -NCUUG CPIGUKGFGNVGP 1HHK\KGTMTGW\GU   #D  MQPPVG FGT IQNFGPG $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­MTGW\ CWEJ QJPG FCU DGUQPFGTG 5EJWNVGTDCPF XGTNKGJGP YGTFGP   GTHQNIVFKG'KPHÒJTWPIFGU4KVVGTMTGW\GU-NCUUGOKVFGT-TQPGGTJKGNVFGTIQNFGPG$TWUVUVGTPOKVFGO DGUQPFGTGP5EJWNVGTDCPFGKPGUKNDGTPG-TQPG5GKVFKGUGO,CJTGTHQNIVGFKG*GTUVGNNWPIFGT+PUKIPKGPKPXGTIQNFGVGO 5KNDGT /QFGNN#WUHÒJTWPI 0CEJFGTNGV\VGPYGUGPVNKEJGPPFGTWPIWOHC­VGFGT1TFGPKPUIGUCOV )TCFG=)TQ­MTGW\OKVIQNFGPGO5VGTPWPFUKNDGTPGT-TQPG)TQ­MTGW\OKVIQNFGPGO5VGTP)TQ­MTGW\OKV$TKNNCP VGP)TQ­MTGW\-QOVWTWPF-NCUUG1HHK\KGT4KVVGTMTGW\-NCUUGOKV-TQPG4KVVGTMTGW\WPF-NCUUG? WPFFCUCHHKNKKGTVG#NDTGEJVUMTGW\#DYCTGPFKG/GFCKNNQPHGNFGTFGT+PUKIPKGPGKPVGKNKICWUIGHÒJTV /QFGNN #WUHÒJTWPI /KVFGO6JTQPXGT\KEJV-ÌPKI(TKGFTKEJ#WIWUVU+++KO0QXGODGTGTNQUEJCWEJFGT1TFGP

165


DEUTSCHE STAATEN

8222 8223









8224

-ÌPKINKEJ5·EJUKUEJGT#NDTGEJVUQTFGP/QFGNN OKVFGO2QTVTCKVXQP*GT\QI#NDTGEJV +++FGO$GJGT\VGP #WUHÒJTWPI #WUHÒJTWPIKP)QNF 4KVVGTMTGW\-NCUUG#WUHÒJTWPI OKVINCVVGP-TGW\CTOT·PFGTP)QNFGOCKNNKGTVICOCNVGP$CPF$9-1'- +p++



-ÌPKINKEJ5·EJUKUEJGT#NDTGEJVUQTFGP/QFGNN OKVFGO2QTVTCKVXQP*GT\QI#NDTGEJV +++ FGO $GJGT\VGP   #WUHÒJTWPI   #WUHÒJTWPI KP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV OKV GKPVGKNKIGP   /GFCKNNQPHGNFGTP 4KVVGTMTGW\-NCUUGOKV5EJYGTVGTP5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVMCWOUKEJVDCTG 'OCKNNGEJKR CWH 8QTFGT WPF 4ÒEMUGKVG FGT TGEJVGP QDGTGP -TGW\CTOURKV\G CO CNVGP &TGKGEMUDCPF   $9-1'- ++



-ÌPKINKEJ5·EJUKUEJGT#NDTGEJVUQTFGP/QFGNN OKVFGO2QTVTCKVXQP*GT\QI#NDTGEJV +++ FGO $GJGT\VGP   #WUHÒJTWPI   #WUHÒJTWPI KP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV OKV GKPVGKNKIGP   /GFCKNNQPHGNFGTP  4KVVGTMTGW\  -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP #WUHÒJTWPI OKV GKPUGKVKI IGRT·IVGP 5EJYGT   VGTP5KNDGTVGKNYGKUGXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCWHFGO4CPFFGUWPVGTGP-TGW\CTOU5KNDGTRWP\G5CO QTKIKPCNGPCNVGP$CPF$9-1'- ++



-ÌPKINKEJ5·EJUKUEJGT#NDTGEJVUQTFGP/QFGNN OKVFGO2QTVTCKVXQP*GT\QI#NDTGEJV +++FGO$GJGT\VGP /KPKCVWTFGU4KVVGTMTGW\GU-NCUUGOKV5EJYGTVGTP5KNDGTVGKNYGKUGXGTIQNFGVWPF GOCKNNKGTV ++



8226

8227

8228

8229



-ÌPKINKEJ5·EJUKUEJGT#NDTGEJVUQTFGP#NDTGEJVUMTGW\OKV5EJYGTVGTP#WUHÒJTWPI KPGKPGO5VÒEM IGRT·IV 5KNDGT5EJYGTVGTDGKFUGKVKIIGRT·IVQJPG$CPF$9-1'- ++



#NNIGOGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP D\Y 'JTGPMTGW\ <YGK #WUICDGP   'JTGPMTGW\ QJPG 5EJYGTVGT      'JTGPMTGW\ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV LGYGKNU CP UEJOCNGP $·PFGTP $9-     1'- ++





'JTGP\GKEJGP FGU #NDGTV8GTGKPU UQIGPCPPVGT %CTQNC1TFGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG  -TGW\  -NCUUG   XGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOUR·VGTGP$CPF)$ ++





&KGPUV#WU\GKEJPWPIU-TGW\ HÒT 1HHK\KGTG HÒT  CMVKXG &KGPUVLCJTG   #WUHÒJTWPI OKV INCVVGP   -TGW\CTOHN·EJGP WPF KP GKPGO 5VÒEM IGRT·IV  $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV QJPG $CPF $9-  1'-    ++



#O#RTKNXGTHÒIVG-ÌPKI#NDGTV  FKG5VKHVWPIFGT&KGPUV#WU\GKEJPWPIGP&KG5VCVWVGPHÒTFKG -ÌPKINKEJ 5·EJUKUEJGP &KGPUV#WU\GKEJPWPIGP WPF FCOKV CWEJ HÒT FCU &KGPUV#WU\GKEJPWPIU-TGW\ HÒT 1HHK\KGTG   YWTFGP\YGK6CIGUR·VGTCO#RTKNGTNCUUGP/KV8GTQTFPWPI-ÌPKI(TKGFTKEJ#WIWUVU+++  XQO #WIWUVMQPPVGFCU'JTGP\GKEJGPCWEJCP$GCOVGWPF2GTUQPGPFGU5QNFCVGPUVCPFGUXGTNKGJGPYGTFGP8GTNGK JWPIGPYWTFGPY·JTGPFFGUICP\GPGTUVGP9GNVMTKGIGUDKUXQTIGPQOOGP XIN,0KOOGTIWVKP0/5 

166




DEUTSCHE STAATEN

8230



8231

/KNKV·T4KEJVRT·OKGPOGFCKNNG HÒT FKG #TVKNNGTKG   /QFGNN OKV FGO 2QTVTCKV -ÌPKI (TKGFTKEJ   #WIWUV +++    )TQ­G 4KEJVRT·OKG  -NCUUG 5KNDGT &WTEJOGUUGT  OO )GYKEJV   ICOUR·VGTGP$CPF)$ ++



.CWV$&UKPFXQPFKGUGT/GFCKNNGPWTIGRT·IVYQTFGP'ZGORNCTOKVUEJÌPGTCNVGT2CVKPC



/KNKV·T4KEJVRT·OKGPOGFCKNNG HÒT FKG #TVKNNGTKG   /QFGNN OKV FGO 2QTVTCKV -ÌPKI (TKGFTKEJ   #WIWUV+++ -NGKPG4KEJVRT·OKG-NCUUG5KNDGT&WTEJOGUUGTOO)GYKEJVI COUR·VGTGP$CPF)$ ++



.CWV$&UKPFXQPFKGUGT/GFCKNNGPWTIGRT·IVYQTFGP'ZGORNCTOKVUEJÌPGTCNVGT2CVKPC

8232 (1:1)

8233

5#%*5'0 9'+/#4'+5'0#%*$+5 *'4<1)67/ $+5 70&)4155 *'4<1)67/   

)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ 5·EJUKUEJGT *CWUQTFGP FGT 9CEJUCOMGKV QFGT XQO 9GK­GP (CNMGP 4KVVGTMTGW\   D\Y CD   4KVVGTMTGW\  -NCUUG )QNF VGKNYGKUG HGKPUV \KUGNKGTV GOCKNNKGTV  I OGJTGTG $G   UEJ·FKIWPIGPKPFGTITÒPGPTQVGPWPFYGK­GP'OCKNNGGKPG-TGW\URKV\GGVYCUIGUVCWEJV#WHNCIGPWPF #ITCHHGNGKEJVDGYGIDCTQJPG$CPF$9-1'- 4+++  6TQV\ FGT FGWVNKEJGP 'KPUEJT·PMWPIGP UGNVGPGU 'ZGORNCT FCU CWHITWPF FGT JQJGP #PHGTVKIWPIUSWCNKV·V YQJN KO   NGV\VGP&TKVVGNFGU,CJTJWPFGTVUJGTIGUVGNNVYQTFGPKUV0CEJ#WUMWPHVFGU'KPNKGHGTGTUUVCOOVFKGUGU'ZGORNCT CWUFGO0CEJNC­XQP#NGZCPFGT(TGKJGTTXQP)NGKEJGPIGP4W­YWTO  GKPGO7TGPMGN(TKGFTKEJXQP 5EJKNNGTU WPF YCT OWVOC­NKEJ CP UGKPGP 8CVGT .WFYKI (TGKJGTT XQP )NGKEJGP IGP XQP 4W­YWTO     GKPGOKORTGUUKQPKUVKUEJGP.CPFUEJCHVUOCNGTXGTNKGJGPYQTFGP  )GUVKHVGV CO  #WIWUV  FWTEJ *GT\QI 'TPUV #WIWUV XQP 5CEJUGP9GKOCT YWTFG GTCO1MVQDGTCNU FTGKMNCUUKIGTCNNIGOGKPGT8GTFKGPUVQTFGPGTPGWGTVWPFGTHQNIVGP'TYGKVGTWPIGPYWTFGFCU )TQ­MTGW\CWHIGVGKNVKP+PUKIPKGPHÒT8GTFKGPUVGWOFCUITQ­JGT\QINKEJG*CWUWPFUQNEJGHÒTCNNIGOGKPG8GTFKGPUVG 9GKVGTG8GT·PFGTWPIGPGTHQNIVGPWPF



8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG  /QFGNN OKV FGO ·NVGTGP 2QTVTCKV XQP )TQ­JGT\QI %CTN #NGZCPFGT WPF &'/   8'4&+'056 5KNDGTPG8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG5KNDGTCWHFGT8QTFGTUGKVGOKV5VGORGNUEJPGK FGT\GKEJGP*'.(4+%*6(COUR·VGTGPLGFQEJ·NVGTGP$CPFKP1TKIKPCNDTGKVG OO $9- 1'- ++



)TQ­JGT\QI%CTN(TKGFTKEJ  UVKHVGVGFKGFTGKMNCUUKIG/GFCKNNGHÒT8GTFKGPUVGCNNGT#TV)TQ­JGT\QI %CTN#NGZCPFGT  GTUGV\VGFCU2QTVTCKVFWTEJUGKPGKIGPGU.CWV8GTHÒIWPI)TQ­JGT\QI%CTN#NGZ CPFGTUXQO#WIWUVYWTFGFCUDKUJGTKIGLWIGPFNKEJG2QTVTCKVFWTEJGKPGPGWGU·NVGTGU2QTVTCKVGTUGV\V/KV 8GTQTFPWPIXQO,WPKYWTFGFKG8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNGXQP)TQ­JGT\QI9KNJGNO'TPUV  CWHIGJQ DGPWPFFWTEJGKP#NNIGOGKPGU'JTGP\GKEJGPGTUGV\V

167


DEUTSCHE STAATEN

8234

8235 8238

8236 8237



#NNIGOGKPGU'JTGP\GKEJGP/QFGNN &'/8'4&+'056' 'JTGP\GKEJGPKP)QNF5KNDGTXGTIQN FGV OKV 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGTUKIPCVWT KO 4CPF RWP\KGTV 5+.$'4  XQTFGTUGKVKI OKV UVCTMGT 2CVKPC   CO$CPF$9-1'- ++



/KV8GTQTFPWPIXQO,WPKUVKHVGVG)TQ­JGT\QI9KNJGNO'TPUV  WPVGT#WHJGDWPIFGTDKUFCJKP XGTNKGJGPGP 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG FCU #NNIGOGKPG 'JTGP\GKEJGP KP)QNF5KNDGTWPF$TQP\G\WT#PGTMGPPWPICWUIG \GKEJPGVGT8GTFKGPUVGKPUDGUQPFGTGNCPIL·JTKIGTXQTDKNFNKEJGT2HNKEJVGTHÒNNWPIWPFVTGWGT#TDGKVUQYKG\WT8GTNGK JWPI CNU <GKEJGP 7PUGTGT 9QJNIGPGKIVJGKV 'U MQPPVG KP XGTUEJKGFGPGP #WUHÒJTWPIGP F J OKV XGTUEJKGFGPGP   4ÒEMUGKVGP+PUEJTKHVGPXGTNKGJGPYGTFGP&'/8'4&+'056'(ª464'7'&+'056'(ª464'7' #4$'+6WPF HÒTPKEJVUCEJUGPYGKOCTKUEJG5VCCVUCPIGJÌTKIG OKVFGO5VKHVGTOQPQITCOO9'YQDGKFKGGTUVIG PCPPVG #WUHÒJTWPI \WT #PGTMGPPWPI FGU 8GTJCNVGPU XQT FGO (GKPFG OKV GKPGT 5EJYGTVGTURCPIG XGTNKGJGP YGTFGP   MQPPVG1JPGGKPGPDGUQPFGTGP5VKHVWPIUGTNC­YWTFGGU\W$GIKPPFGU'TUVGP9GNVMTKGIGUUQYGKVGUHÒT8GTFKGPUVG XGTNKGJGPYWTFGFKGOKVFKGUGO-TKGI\WUCOOGPJKPIGPOKVFGT4ÒEMUGKVGP+PUEJTKHV&'/8'4&+'056' XGTNKGJGP+PJCDGTGKPGTPKGFGTGP-NCUUGFGU'JTGP\GKEJGPUJCVVGPFKGUGUDGK8GTNGKJWPIGKPGTJÌJGTGP-NCUUGPKEJV \WTÒEM\WIGDGP 8GTUEJKGFGPG -NCUUGP MQPPVGP PGDGPGKPCPFGT IGVTCIGP YGTFGP &CU #NNIGOGKPG 'JTGP\GKEJGP KUV   DKUECXGTNKGJGPYQTFGP XIN-NGG,ÒTIGPKP-*-5HHWPF5HH 





#NNIGOGKPGU'JTGP\GKEJGP/QFGNN &'/8'4&+'056' 'JTGP\GKEJGPKP 5KNDGT OKV 5EJYGTVGTP 5KNDGT KO 4CPF RWP\KGTV 5+.$'4 WPF  CO $CPF OKV 5EJYGTVGT  $CPFURCPIG$9-1'- ++



,WDKN·WOUOGFCKNNG \WT 'TKPPGTWPI CP FKG )QNFGPG *QEJ\GKV  )QNFGPG /GFCKNNG 5KNDGT XGT   IQNFGVQJPG$CPFTKPIWPFQJPG$CPF$9-1'- ++



0CEJ #WUMWPHV FGU 'KPNKGHGTGTU CWU FGO 0CEJNC­ XQP #NGZCPFGT (TGKJGTT XQP )NGKEJGP IGP 4W­YWTO  

 GKPGO7TGPMGN(TKGFTKEJXQP5EJKNNGTU  



-TKGIGTXGTGKPU'JTGPMTGW\  $TQP\GCO$CPF$9-1'-

++



5KIPKGTVGU 2QTVTCKVRJQVQ XQP )TQ­JGT\QI %CTN #NGZCPFGT 5KEJVDCT  Z  OO +P 7PKHQTO   OKV )TQ­MTGW\ FGU *CWUQTFGPU XQO 9GK­GP (CNMGP -NGKPQF FGU 5RCPKUEJGP 1TFGPU XQO )QNFGPGP   8NKGU CO *CNU WPF ITQ­GT 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG 5KIPKGTV %CTN #NGZCPFGT  9GKOCT KOCNVGPGVYCU DGUVQ­GPGPIQNFDGFTWEMVGP.GFGT$KNFGTTCJOGPZOO ++ 0CEJ #WUMWPHV FGU 'KPNKGHGTGTU CWU FGO 0CEJNC­ XQP #NGZCPFGT (TGKJGTT XQP )NGKEJGP IGP 4W­YWTO  

 GKPGO7TGPMGN(TKGFTKEJXQP5EJKNNGTU    %CTN#NGZCPFGTIGDQTGPKP9GKOCTTGIKGTVGXQPDKU\WUGKPGO6QFCNU)TQ­JGT\QIXQP5CEJUGP 9GKOCT'KUGPCEJ5EJQPMWT\PCEJFGUUGP6JTQPDGUVGKIWPIKUVGTXQP-ÌPKI#NHQPU:++  \WO 4KVVGTFGU5RCPKUEJGP1TFGPUXQO)QNFGPGP8NKGUGTPCPPVYQTFGP

168






DEUTSCHE STAATEN

8239 (1:1) 8240 (1:1)

8241 (1:1)

5%*5+5%*'*'4<1)6ª/'4)'/'+05#/ 

*GT\QINKEJ5CEJUGP'TPGUVKPKUEJGT*CWUQTFGP/QFGNN  #WUICDGHÒT5CEJUGP%QDWTI WPF)QVJC OKV'CWHFGOQDGTGP-TGW\CTO 4KVVGTMTGW\OKV.QTDGGTMTCP\ZOO)QNF VGKNYGKUGHGKPUV\KUGNKGTVGOCKNNKGTVIFCU'KPFKG'OCKNNGGKPIGNGIVMNGKPGT'OCKNNGEJKRCWHFGT 8QTFGTUGKVG FGU QDGTGP -TGW\CTOU CO CNVGP QTKIKPCNGP VGKNYGKUG CWUIGDNGKEJVGP 5GKFGPDCPF $9-   1'-XCT 44++p  'UJCPFGNVUKEJJKGTDGKGKPFGWVKIWOGKP'ZGORNCTFCUWOQFGTFCXQTGPVUVCPFGPKUV#NNGTFKPIUKUVFKGUGT6[R YGFGTDGK*CPU KP*# PQEJDGK0KOOGTIWV KP0/ FQMWOGPVKGTV5QOKVMÌPPVGGUUKEJGXGPVWGNNWOGKP4KVVGT MTGW\FGTCNNGTGTUVGP#PHGTVKIWPIUUGTKGXQPQFGTYGIGPFGUGVYCUCPFGTGP-TQPGPV[RWUWOGKPGCWUN·PFKUEJG

LGFQEJPKEJVHTCP\ÌUKUEJGQFGTDTKVKUEJG(GTVKIWPIFCPKEJVRWP\KGTV JCPFGNP  )GUVKHVGVCO&G\GODGTCNUIGOGKPUCOGT\WP·EJUVXKGTMNCUUKIGT*CWUQTFGP OKVCHHKNKKGTVGO8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ WPF 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG  XQP (TKGFTKEJ *GT\QI XQP 5CEJUGP#NVGPDWTI 'TPUV *GT\QI XQP 5CEJUGP%QDWTI WPF   )QVJC WPF $GTPJCTF 'TKEJ (TGWPF *GT\QI XQP 5CEJUGP/GKPKPIGP KP #PNGJPWPI CP FGP  XQP *GT\QI   (TKGFTKEJ XQP 5CEJUGP%QDWTI IGUVKHVGVGP 1TFGP FGT &GWVUEJGP 4GFNKEJMGKV (ÒT 8GTFKGPUVG KO -TKGI GTHQNIVG FKG   8GTNGKJWPI OKV IGMTGW\VGP 5EJYGTVGTP  GTHQNIVG GKPG 8GTGKPJGKVNKEJWPI FGT +PUKIPKGP W C FWTEJ FKG   'PVHGTPWPIFGT/QPQITCOOGFGTXGTNGKJGPFGP*GT\ÌIGCWHFGOQDGTGP-TGW\CTOFKG7PVGTVGKNWPIFGT4KVVGTKP WPF-NCUUGWPFFKG5VKHVWPIFGT)QNFGPGP8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNGUQYKGFGT1TFGPUMGVVG /QFGNN YWTFGPFKG +PUKIPKGPOKV,CJTGU\CJNGP ōŋōŋōŋōŋōŋIGUVKHVGV WPFFKG$CPFURCPIGPOKVWPF QJPG5EJYGTVGTHÒTFKG)QNFGPGPWPF5KNDGTPGP8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNGPXGTUGJGP$KU\WO'PFGFGT/QPCTEJKGICDGU +PUKIPKGP OKV 5EJYGTVGTP KP \YGK #WUHÒJTWPIGP OKV ōTÌOKUEJGPŋ IGTCFGP  WPF OKV ōHTCP\ÌUKUEJGPŋ  

IGUEJYWPIGPGP 2CTKGTUVCPIGPFGT5EJYGTVGT+P#$UVGJVJKGT\WCWH5ō$KU\WOJGWVKIGP6CIKUVFKG7TUCEJG HÒTFKG7TUCEJGPFGT5EJYGTVGTUVÒEMGOKVIGTCFGP2CTKGTUVCPIGPQFGTIGUEJYWPIGPGP2CTKGTUVCPIGPPKEJVGKPFGWVKI IGMN·TV <WO 6GKN YKTF FKG /GKPWPI XGTVTGVGP FCUU IGUEJYWPIGPG 2CTKGTUVCPIGP #NVGPDWTIGT 8GTNGKJWPIGP WPF   IGTCFG2CTKGTUVCPIGP)QVJCGTD\Y/GKPKPIGT8GTNGKJWPIGPUKPF&KGUN·UUVUKEJYGFGTFWTEJ#MVGPPQEJ.KVGTCVWT DGNGIGP QDYQJN DKUJGT CWHIGVCWEJVG \YGKHGNUHTGKG #NVGPDWTI 5VÒEMG FGU 5'*1 KOOGT OKV IGUEJYWPIGPGP   2CTKGTUVCPIGPXGTUGJGPYCTGP&KGUIKNVHÒTCNNG5VWHGPXQO8GTFKGPUVMTGW\OKV5EJYGTVGTPDKU\WO)TQ­MTGW\OKV 5EJYGTVGTPŋ#WEJPCEJFGO'PFGFGT/QPCTEJKGXGTNKGJ*GT\QI%CTN'FWCTFXQP5CEJUGP%QDWTIWPF)QVJCFGP 1TFGP DKU  YGKVGT +P FKGUGO ,CJT UVKHVGVG GT PQEJ FKG 5EJYGTVGT CO 4KPI \W CNNGP -NCUUGP /KV   4GKEJUXGTQTFPWPIXQO0QXGODGTYWTFGPFKG8GTNGKJWPIGPHÒTCDIGUEJNQUUGPGTMN·TV&KG8GTNGKJWPIGPKP 5CEJUGP#NVGPDWTI WPF 5CEJUGP/GKPKPIGP YCTGP UEJQP OKV FGO 'PFG FGT /QPCTEJKG KP FKGUGP 5VCCVGP KO ,CJTG   GKPIGUVGNNVYQTFGP





*GT\QINKEJ5CEJUGP'TPGUVKPKUEJGT*CWUQTFGP/QFGNN  -QOVWTMTGW\5KNDGTXGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FTGK MNGKPG 'OCKNNGTGRCTCVWTGP KP FGP -TGW\CTOURKV\GP CO *CNU   DCPFCDUEJPKVV$9-1'- ++p



*GT\QINKEJ 5CEJUGP'TPGUVKPKUEJGT *CWUQTFGP  /QFGNN   4KVVGTMTGW\  -NCUUG OKV   5EJYGTVGTP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG KO -TKGI OKV .QTDGGTMTCP\  OWVOC­NKEJG #NVGPDWTIKUEJG #WUHÒJTWPI  

OKV HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP  IGUEJYWPIGPGP  2CTKGTUVCPIGP  5KNDGT /GFCKNNQPU )QNF OGJTVGKNKI GOCKNNKGTV   QJPG$CPF$9-1'- +p++



.CWV#$ 5 UKPF#NVGPDWTIGT8GTNGKJWPIGPFGU4KVVGTMTGW\GU++-NCUUGOKV5EJYGTVGTPPCEJYGKUDCT

169


DEUTSCHE STAATEN

8243

8242



8244

*GT\QINKEJ5CEJUGP'TPGUVKPKUEJGT*CWUQTFGP5KNDGTPGU8GTFKGPUVMTGW\#WUHÒJTWPI   #XGTUWPF4GXGTUUGKVGP/GFCKNNQPUOGJTVGKNKI5KNDGTQJPG$CPF$9-1'- ++



5#%*5'0#.6'0$74)*'4<1)67/   



*GT\QINKEJ 5CEJUGP'TPGUVKPKUEJGT *CWUQTFGP 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG HÒT 5CEJUGP#NVGPDWTI  /QFGNN    #WUHÒJTWPI OKV DGKFUGKVKIGO $CEMGPDCTV    5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG 5KNDGT OKV 5VGORGN   UEJPGKFGTUKIPCVWT*'.(4+%*6(OKP4CPFFGNNGPQJPG$CPF$9-1'- ++p



*GT\QINKEJ 5CEJUGP'TPGUVKPKUEJGT *CWUQTFGP 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG #WUICDG HÒT 5CEJUGP#NVGPDWTI    /QFGNN OKV 2QTVTCKV *GT\QI 'TPUVU ++    #WUHÒJTWPI OKV 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGTUKIPCVWT   12'%*KO*CNUCDUEJPKVVWPFQJPG*GTUVGNNGTUKIPCVWT)QNFGPG8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG6[ROKV2WP\KG TWPI5+.$'4KO4CPF5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVCOPGWGP$CPF$9-1'- ++



8245





8246

8247

*GT\QI'TPUV/GFCKNNG/QFGNN OKVFGO2QTVTCKV*GT\QI'TPUV+ 5KNDGTPG/GFCKNNG 5KNDGTOKV5VGORGNUEJPGKFGTUKIPCVWT/*#5'416*COPGWGPPKEJVICP\MQTTGMVGP$CPF$9- 1'- ++



*GT\QI'TPUV/GFCKNNG/QFGNN OKV2QTVTCKV*GT\QI'TPUVU++ 5KNDGTCWHFGT8QTFGT UGKVG5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT\GKEJGP/*HÒT/*CUGTQVJCOUR·VGTGP$CPF1'- ++



#$PGPPV8GTNGKJWPIGPFKGUGT/GFCKNNG

5#%*5'0%1$74)70&)16*#*'4<1)67/   

*GT\QINKEJ 5CEJUGP'TPGUVKPKUEJGT *CWUQTFGP 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG #WUICDG HÒT 5CEJUGP%QDWTI WPF   )QVJC  /QFGNN OKV FGO 2QTVTCKV XQP *GT\QI 'TPUV     #WUHÒJTWPI QJPG   5VGORGNUEJPGKFGTUKIPCVWT 5KNDGTPG8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG#PHGTVKIWPIHÒTFKGITQ­G1TFGPU UEJPCNNGOKVCPIGNÌVGVGT¤UG5KNDGTIW­KO4CPFRWP\KGTVCOUR·VGTGP$CPF ++



+PVGTGUUCPVG\GKVIGPÌUUKUEJG8CTKCPVGFKGUGTUGNVGPGP/GFCKNNGFKGDGK0/WPVGTFGT0TCDIGDKNFGVKUV

8248 (1:1)

8249 (1:1)



*GT\QI 'TPUV/GFCKNNG /KPKCVWT \WT 5KNDGTPGP /GFCKNNG &WTEJOGUUGT  OO 5KNDGT QJPG $·PF   EJGP 4++





/GFCKNNG HÒT -WPUV WPF 9KUUGPUEJCHV  /QFGNN OKV FGO 2QTVTCKV *GT\QI 'TPUVU +      /KPKCVWTFGT5KNDGTPGP/GFCKNNG5KNDGTQJPG$·PFEJGP ++



170


DEUTSCHE STAATEN

8250

8253

8252

5#%*5'0%1$74)70&)16*#*'4<1).+%*'(#/+.+' 5'+6  

/GFCKNNG\WT'TKPPGTWPICPFKGªDGTPCJOGFGT4GIKGTWPI*GT\QI%CTN'FWCTFU5KNDGTCO&TGK GEMUDCPF  1'- ++ &KG/GFCKNNGYWTFG\WOL·JTKIGP4GIKGTWPIULWDKN·WOFGU*GT\QIUCO,WNKIGUVKHVGV



5#%*5'0/'+0+0)'0*'4<1)67/   





*GT\QINKEJ5CEJUGP'TPGUVKPKUEJGT*CWUQTFGP8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNGHÒT5CEJUGP/GKPKPIGP/QFGNN  #WUHÒJTWPI *'4<1) 810      5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG 5KNDGT OKV 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT   UKIPCVWT*'.(4+%*6(4CPFRWP\GPVGKNYGKUGCWUIGUEJNKHHGP¤UGGPVHGTPV$9-1'- +++



1TFGP HÒT (TCWGP WPF ,WPIHTCWGPKPFGT-TKGIUHÒTUQTIG-TKGIUOGVCNNDTQP\KGTVCPFGTQTKIKPCNGP &COGPUEJNGKHG\WUCOOGPOKVMNGKPGT$CPFUEJPCNNG1'- ++



8105#%*5'0/'+0+0)'0*'4<1).+%*'(#/+.+' 5'+6  *GT\QI)GQTI/GFCKNNG  $TQP\GCO$CPF

+p++

&KG/GFCKNNGYWTFGKO,CJTGXQPFGTXGTYKVYGVGP*GT\QIKP-NCTC/CTKCXQP5CEJUGP/GKPKPIGP   \WT'TKPPGTWPICPKJTGP)CVVGP)GQTI+++*GT\QIXQP5CEJUGP/GKPKPIGP KPTWUUKUEJGT-TKGIUIGHCPIGP UEJCHV CWU#PNC­FGTIGOGKPUCOGP&KCOCPVGPGP*QEJ\GKVKO,CJTGIGUVKHVGVWPFXGTNKGJGP

8254 8257



8258

5%*.'59+)*1.56'+0*'4<1)6ª/'4 $+5  

'TKPPGTWPIUMTGW\CPFKGUEJNGUYKIJQNUVGKPKUEJG#TOGG'KUGPIGUEJY·T\VCPUR·VGTGTHNCEJGT'KPGT 1TFGPUUEJPCNNGOKVPGWGP$·PFGTP1'- ++





'TKPPGTWPIUMTGW\CPFKGUEJNGUYKIJQNUVGKPKUEJG#TOGG'KUGPIGUEJY·T\VQJPG$CPF1'- ++





'TKPPGTWPIUMTGW\CPFKGUEJNGUYKIJQNUVGKPKUEJG#TOGG'KUGPIGUEJY·T\VQJPG$CPF1'- ++



9#.&'%-70&2;4/1068'4'+0+)6'5 5'+6 (ª456'067/ $+5  

8GTFKGPUVMTGW\8GTFKGPUVMTGW\-NCUUG5KNDGTVGKNYGKUGXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOUR·VGTGP$CPF 1'- ++



8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ 5KNDGTPG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG  #WUHÒJTWPI OKV ITÌ­GTGO (ÒTUVGPJWV      /GFCKNNGOKV5EJYGTVGTP5KNDGTCO-TKGIUDCPF1'- ++



.CWV'HNGT KP'(95 UKPFXQPDKUKPUIGUCOV'ZGORNCTGXGTNKGJGPYQTFGPYQXQP5VÒEM PCEJFGO6QFFGT$GNKGJGPGP\WTÒEMIGIGDGPYQTFGPUKPF



171


DEUTSCHE STAATEN

8259 (min. verkleinert)

9ª466'/$'4)*'4<1)67/ $+5 -74(ª456'067/   70&-¤0+)4'+%*   

*GT\QINKEJ 9ÒTVVGODGTIKUEJGT 4KVVGTQTFGP XQP FGT ,CIF #WHPCJOG WPF 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFG   HÒTFGPJGT\QINKEJYÒTVVGODGTIKUEJGP-COOGTJGTTP.WFYKI'TPUV)TCHXQP9KVVIGPUVGKPFCVKGTV.WF YKIUDWTICO0QXGODGTOKV1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHVXQP*GT\QI'DGTJCTF.WFYKIXQP9ÒTVVGO DGTI FGO 5VKHVGT FGU 1TFGPU 2GTICOGPV CEJV 5GKVGP <WUCOOGPIGDWPFGP OKVFGP \YGKVGP 5VCVWVGP FGU1TFGPUFCVKGTV5GKVGPWPFFTGK-WRHGTUVKEJGPOKVFGP#DDKNFWPIGPFGT+PUKIPKGP2CRKGT HQTOCV LGYGKNU  Z  EO \WUCOOGP KO IGNDUCOVGPGP QTKIKPCNGP $WEJGKPDCPF KO (QTOCV    Z  EO OKV FGP QTKIKPCNGP UGKFGPGP 8GTUEJNW­D·PFGTP WPF OKV -QTFGN CPJ·PIGPFGT 5KGIGNMCRUGN  

YQJN 'DGPJQN\  OKV GKPGO &WTEJOGUUGT XQP  OO FCTKP FCU WPDGUEJ·FKIV ITQ­G 1TFGPUUKGIGN KP   TQVGO 5KGIGNNCEM OKV GKPGO &WTEJOGUUGT XQP EC  OO <WUCOOGP KP GKPGO RCUUGPFGP OQFGTPGP   5EJWV\DGJ·NVGT #PIGDQVGP OKV GKPGT 2JQVQMQRKG FGU #WHUCV\GU XQP #NDGTV 4CHH &GT JGT\QINKEJYÒTV   VGODGTIKUEJG4KVVGTQTFGPXQPFGT,CIF#WU1TFGPWPF'JTGP\GKEJGP*GHVXQO#RTKN5 DKU 444++  $GFGWVGPFG XQNNUV·PFKIG 1TFGPUWTMWPFG OKV DGKIGDWPFGPGP 1TFGPUUVCVWVGP CWU FGO GTUVGP &TKVVGN FGU  ,CJT   JWPFGTVUXQPCNNGTITÌ­VGT5GNVGPJGKVWPFKPJGTXQTTCIGPFGT'TJCNVWPI'KPPCJG\WKFGPVKUEJGU'ZGORNCTKO$GUKV\ FGU*CWRVUVCCVUCTEJKXU5VWVVICTVKUVDGK4CHHCDIGDKNFGV'KPG-TÌPWPIHÒTLGFG9ÒTVVGODGTI5COONWPI  &GT JGT\QINKEJ 9ÒTVVGODGTIKUEJGT 4KVVGTQTFGP XQP FGT ,CIF YWTFG  XQP *GT\QI 'DGTJCTF .WFYKI XQP   9ÒTVVGODGTI  FGTFCU*GT\QIVWOUGKVTGIKGTVGIGUVKHVGV.CWV4CHHNGKVGVGGTFCU4GEJVJKGT\WXQP FGT9ÒTFGFGU,·IGT/GKUVGTUFGU*GKNKIGP4ÌOKUEJGP4GKEJGUCDFKGFWTEJFKG'TDUEJCHVFGT)TCHUEJCHV7TCEJCP FCU *CWU 9ÒTVVGODGTI IGMQOOGP YCT &KG GTUVGP 5VCVWVGP GTUEJKGPGP \YKUEJGP  WPF  FKG JKGT   CPIGDQVGPGP \YGKVGP5VCVWVGP&KG<CJNFGT1TFGPUTKVVGT CW­GTFGPHÒTUVNKEJGP2GTUÌPNKEJMGKVGP YCT\WP·EJUV CWH  DGITGP\V UR·VGT CWH  9GKVGTG 1TFGPUUVCVWVGP GTUEJKGPGP   WPF  /KV MÌPKINKEJGO &GMTGV   XQO  /·T\ QTFPGVG-ÌPKI(TKGFTKEJ+XQP9ÒTVVGODGTI  FKG4GQTICPKUCVKQPFGU1TFGPUWPVGT FGO PGWGP 0COGP -ÌPKINKEJGT *QJGT 1TFGP FGU IQNFGPGP #FNGTU CP YQOKV FGT 4KVVGTQTFGP FGT ,CIF HCMVKUEJ   CWHIGJQDGPYWTFG

172


DEUTSCHE STAATEN

8260 (1:1)

8261 (1:1)



8261 (1:1)

1TFGP FGT -ÌPKINKEJGP 9ÒTVVGODGTIKUEJGP -TQPG 4KVVGTMTGW\ -NCUUG  CD4KV VGTMTGW\ #PHGTVKIWPI FGU *QHLWYGNKGTU 'FWCTF (QGJT CWU FGP ,CJTGP  DKU  )QNF GOCKNNKGTV   ICOCNVGP1TKIKPCNDCPF ++  -NGKP WPF 4CHH PGPPGP KP 5/- 5    8GTNGKJWPIGP FGU 4KVVGTMTGW\GU  -NCUUG D\Y 4KVVGTMTGW\GU   \YKUEJGPWPF#WHITWPFXQP/GJTHCEJXGTNGKJWPIGPXQPPCEJFGO6QFGXQP$GNKGJGPGPCPFKG1TFGPU MCP\NGK \WTÒEMIGIGDGPGP 'ZGORNCTGP NKGIV FKG VCVU·EJNKEJG *GTUVGNNWPIU\CJNFGWVNKEJWPVGTGKPVCWUGPF'ZGORNCTGP 'KPGNCWV-NGKPWPF4CHH KP5/-5 CO1MVQDGTKO#WHVTCIFGU9ÒTVVGODGTIKUEJGP5VCCVOKPKUVG TKWOU GTUVGNNVG ōªDGTUKEJV ÒDGT FKG \WT <GKV CWUIGIGDGPGP YÒTVVGODGTIKUEJGP 1TFGPU\GKEJGP YGNEJG UVCVWCTKUEJ   YKGFGTCD\WNKGHGTPUKPFŋPGPPVGKPG<CJNXQP4KVVGTMTGW\GPFKGPCEJFGO#DNGDGPFGT$GNKGJGPGPPQEJ\WTÒEM IGIGDGPYGTFGPOÒUUGP  'FWCTF(QGJTNKGHGTVGNCWV8QNNOGT 8QNNOGT/CVVJKCU&GT-ÌPKINKEJYÒTVVGODGTIKUEJG*QHLWYGNKGT'FWCTF(QGJT +P 1' XQO (GDTWCT  5 HH  UGKV  YÒTVVGODGTIKUEJG 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP YWTFG  \WO   *QHLWYGNKGT GTPCPPV WPF NKGHGTVG DKU  CNU GT PCEJ WPF PCEJ XQO -ÌPKINKEJGP /ÒP\COV CNU .KGHGTCPVGP   CDIGNÌUVYWTFG  /KV-ÌPKINKEJGO&GMTGVXQO5GRVGODGTXGTGKPKIVG-ÌPKI9KNJGNO+XQP9ÒTVVGODGTI  FGP -ÌPKINKEJGP *QJGP 1TFGP FGU IQNFGPGP #FNGTU WPF FGP -ÌPKINKEJGP <KXKNXGTFKGPUVQTFGP \WO PGWGP FTGKMNCUUKIGP  

)TQ­MTGW\-QOVWTWPF4KVVGT 1TFGPFGT-ÌPKINKEJGP9ÒTVVGODGTIKUEJGP-TQPG&KG5VCVWVGPFGUPGWGP1TFGPU YWTFGP KO ō-ÌPKINKEJ9ÒTVVGODGTIKUEJGP 5VCCVU WPF 4GIKGTWPIUDNCVV XQO  5GRVGODGT  0T ŋ   XGTÌHHGPVNKEJVHÒJTVG-ÌPKI-CTN  HÒT/KVINKGFGTFGTMÌPKINKEJGPWPFCPFGTGTUQWXGT·PGT(COKNKGP GKPGP DGUQPFGTGP $TWUVUVGTP WPF GKP DGUQPFGTGU 5EJWNVGTDCPF UQYKG HÒT FCU 4KVVGTMTGW\ CNU *ÌJGTUVWHWPI GKPG   -TQPG GKP +O <WUCOOGPJCPI OKV FGO &GWVUEJ(TCP\ÌUKUEJGP -TKGI  YWTFGHÒTCNNG-NCUUGPFKG /ÌINKEJMGKV FGT 8GTNGKJWPI OKV 5EJYGTVGTP GKPIGHÒJTV WPF FKG 4KVVGTMNCUUG KP  WPF  -NCUUG CWHIGVGKNV YQDGK   DGKO 4KVVGTMTGW\  -NCUUG FKG WONCWHGPFGP .ÌYGP KP 9GIHCNN MCOGP  YWTFGP FKG ō4KVVGTMTGW\G  -NCUUGŋ  

OKVQFGTQJPG-TQPG KPō'JTGPTKVVGTMTGW\Gŋ OKVQFGTQJPG-TQPG WODGPCPPV&KG-QOVWTMNCUUGYWTFGKP \YGK -NCUUGP OKV WPF QJPG 5VGTP  CWHIGVGKNV 7O  FÒTHVG PCEJ -NGKP WPF 4CHH KP 5/- 5   FKG   #WUTKEJVWPI FGT .ÌYGP PKEJV OGJT ōWONCWHGPFŋ UQPFGTP FKG DGKFGP QDGTGP PCEJ QDGP WPF FKG   DGKFGP WPVGTGP PCEJ WPVGP IGTKEJVGV  IG·PFGTV YQTFGP UGKP +O <WUCOOGPJCPI OKV FGT 0GWHCUUWPI FGT 5VCVWGP   GTHQNIVG  FKG 5VKHVWPI FGU WPVGTJCND FGT -QOVWTMNCUUG CPIGUKGFGNVGP 'JTGPMTGW\GU CNU5VGEMMTGW\ YQDGKFCU DKUJGTKIGō'JTGPTKVVGTMTGW\ŋKPō4KVVGTMTGW\OKVFGP.ÌYGPŋWODGPCPPVYWTFGFCUDKUJGTKIG'JTGPTKVVGTMTGW\OKV -TQPGIGTKGVKP9GIHCNN/KVFGO6JTQPXGT\KEJV-ÌPKI9KNJGNOU++XQP9ÒTVVGODGTI  CO0QXGO DGTYWTFGFGT1TFGPFGT9ÒTVVGODGTIKUEJGP-TQPG\WGKPGODKUJGWVGDGUVGJGPFGPGKPMNCUUKIGP GJGOCNKIGU )TQ­MTGW\HÒT/KVINKGFGTFGTMÌPKINKEJGP(COKNKG *CWUQTFGPFGTPWPOGJTKIGP(COKNKGFGT*GT\ÌIGXQP9ÒTVVGO DGTI



1TFGP FGT -ÌPKINKEJGP 9ÒTVVGODGTIKUEJGP -TQPG 4KVVGTMTGW\  -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP     CD4KVVGTMTGW\OKV5EJYGTVGTP#PHGTVKIWPIFGU*QHLWYGNKGTU'FWCTF(QGJTCWUFGP,CJTGP DKU#WUHÒJTWPIOKVFWTEJ¤UGPDGHGUVKIVGP5EJYGTVGTP)QNFGOCKNNKGTVICOUEJOC NGPCNVGP1TKIKPCNDCPF1'- ++  -NGKP WPF 4CHH PGPPGP KP 5/- 5    8GTNGKJWPIGP FGU 4KVVGTMTGW\GU  -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP D\Y   4KVVGTMTGW\GU OKV 5EJYGTVGTP \YKUEJGP  WPF  #WHITWPF XQP /GJTHCEJXGTNGKJWPIGP XQP PCEJ FGO 6QFG   XQP $GNKGJGPGP CP FKG 1TFGPUMCP\NGK \WTÒEMIGIGDGPGP 'ZGORNCTGP NKGIV FKGVCVU·EJNKEJG*GTUVGNNWPIU\CJNFGWVNKEJ WPVGT GKPVCWUGPF 'ZGORNCTGP 'KPG NCWV -NGKP WPF 4CHH KP 5/- 5   CO  1MVQDGT  KO #WHVTCI FGU   9ÒTVVGODGTIKUEJGP 5VCCVOKPKUVGTKWOU GTUVGNNVG ōªDGTUKEJV ÒDGT FKG \WT <GKV CWUIGIGDGPGP YÒTVVGODGTIKUEJGP 1T   FGPU\GKEJGPYGNEJGUVCVWCTKUEJYKGFGTCD\WNKGHGTPUKPFŋPGPPVGKPG<CJNXQP4KVVGTMTGW\GPOKV5EJYGTVGTPFKG PCEJFGO#DNGDGPFGT$GNKGJGPGPPQEJ\WTÒEMIGIGDGPYGTFGPOÒUUGP.CWV0KOOGTIWV KP0+5 UKPFXQP  DKU  KPUIGUCOV PWTEC  8GTNGKJWPIGPXQTIGPQOOGPYQTFGPWPFNCWV-NKGVOCPP KP-/65  XQP  DKU  PWT  8GTNGKJWPIGP YQXQP FKG OGKUVGP 'ZGORNCTG YQJN KP XGTIQNFGVGO 5KNDGT CWUIGHÒJTV   YCTGP 

173


DEUTSCHE STAATEN

8262 (1:1)



-ÌPKINKEJ9ÒTVVGODGTIKUEJGT (TKGFTKEJU1TFGP  /QFGNN OGJTMNCUUKI    4KVVGTMTGW\   D\Y CD 4KVVGTMTGW\-NCUUGGTUVGHNCEJGTG#WUHÒJTWPI#PHGTVKIWPIFGT(KTOC(TCP\5VGKPCO KP 5VWVVICTV )QNF GOCKNNKGTV  I OKP 'OCKNNGTGRCTCVWT KO 4GXGTUOGFCKNNQP CO CNVGP VGKNYGKUG   CWUIGDNGKEJVGP1TKIKPCNDCPF1'- ++



#PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC 5VGKPCO CWU FGO FTKVVGP 8KGTVGN FGU   ,CJTJWPFGTVU .CWV -NGKP WPF 4CHH KP 5/-   5 NKGHGTVGFKG(KTOC(TCP\5VGKPCOXQPDKUCWEJFKG4KVVGTMTGW\GD\Y4KVVGTMTGW\G-NCUUGFGU (TKGFTKEJQTFGPU 'DGPHCNNU NCWV -NGKP WPF 4CHH KP 5/- 5   YWTFGP XQP  DKU  KPUIGUCOV    4KVVGTMTGW\GD\Y4KVVGTMTGW\G-NCUUGXGTNKGJGPYQXQPLGFQEJFKGCNNGTOGKUVGPPCEJ#DNGDGPFGT$GNKGJGPGPCP FKG1TFGPUMCP\NGK\WTÒEMIGIGDGPYQTFGPUGKPFÒTHVGP  &GT\WP·EJUVGKPMNCUUKIG1TFGPYWTFGCO,CPWCTXQP-ÌPKI9KNJGNO+XQP9ÒTVVGODGTI  KP 'TKPPGTWPI CP UGKPGP 8CVGT -ÌPKI (TKGFTKEJ +   IGUVKHVGV  YWTFG FGT 1TFGP CWH XKGT -NCUUGP   GTYGKVGTV /QFGNN )TQ­MTGW\-QOVWTWPF-NCUUGWPF4KVVGTGTHQNIVGFKG7PVGTVGKNWPIFGT4KVVGTKP GKPG GTUVG WPF GKPG \YGKVG -NCUUG <WFGO YWTFGP HÒT FKG -TGW\G CNNGT -NCUUGP FKG 5EJYGTVGT IGUVKHVGV    GTJKGNVGP CWEJ FKG 1TFGPUUVGTPG FKG 5EJYGTVGT &KG )QNFGPG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG YWTFG  IGUVKHVGV WPF FCU )TQ­MTGW\OKV-TQPG/KVFGT#DUEJCHHWPIFGT/QPCTEJKGKO0QXGODGTGTNQUEJCWEJFGT1TFGP

8263 (1:1)





8264 (1:1)

-ÌPKINKEJ9ÒTVVGODGTIKUEJGT (TKGFTKEJU1TFGP  /QFGNN OGJTMNCUUKI    4KVVGTMTGW\   D\Y CD   4KVVGTMTGW\  -NCUUG \YGKVGXQNWOKPÌUGTG#WUHÒJTWPI#PHGTVKIWPIFGU*QHLWYGNKGTU 'FWCTF(QGJTKP5VWVVICTV\YKUEJGPWPF)QNFGOCKNNKGTVMCWOUKEJVDCTG'OCKNNGMTCV\GTWPF QDGTHN·EJNKEJGT %JKR CWH #XGTU WPF 4GXGTU FGU QDGTGP -TGW\CTOU CO CNVGP VGKNYGKUG CWUIGDNGKEJVGP   1TKIKPCNDCPF1'- ++



-ÌPKINKEJ9ÒTVVGODGTIKUEJGT (TKGFTKEJU1TFGP  /QFGNN OGJTMNCUUKI    4KVVGTMTGW\   D\Y CD   4KVVGTMTGW\  -NCUUG \YGKVG XQNWOKPÌUGTG #WUHÒJTWPI #PHGTVKIWPI FGU -ÌPKINKEJGP   /ÒP\COVUKP5VWVVICTV\YKUEJGPWPF5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVMCWOUKEJVDCTG'OCKN NGTGRCTCVWTKPGKPGT'EMGFGT4ÒEMUGKVGFGUQDGTGP-TGW\CTOUCONCPIGPCNVGPVGKNYGKUGCWUIGDNGKEJVGP 1TKIKPCNDCPF1'- ++p



.CWV-NGKPWPF4CHH KP5/-5 YWTFGPKPFGP,CJTGPDKUKPUIGUCOV4KVVGTMTGW\G-NCUUGKP 5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVXQPFGT5VWVVICTVGT/ÒP\GJGTIGUVGNNV&CGDGPHCNNUNCWV-NGKPWPF4CHH KP5/-5 FKGCO 1MVQDGTKO#WHVTCIFGU9ÒTVVGODGTIKUEJGP5VCCVOKPKUVGTKWOUGTUVGNNVGōªDGTUKEJVÒDGTFKG\WT<GKVCWU IGIGDGPGP YÒTVVGODGTIKUEJGP 1TFGPU\GKEJGP YGNEJG UVCVWCTKUEJ YKGFGT CD\WNKGHGTP UKPFŋ GKPG <CJN XQP    4KVVGTMTGW\GP-NCUUGPGPPVFKGPCEJFGO#DNGDGPFGT$GNKGJGPGPPQEJ\WTÒEMIGIGDGPYGTFGPOÒUUGPKUVFCXQP CWU\WIGJGP FC­ FKG 'ZGORNCTG KP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV JGWVG YGKVCWU UGNVGPGT \W HKPFGP UKPF CNU FKGLGPKIGP KP )QNF   &CU-ÌPKINKEJG/ÒP\COVKP5VWVVICTVNKGHGTVGXQPCPYÒTVVGODGTIKUEJG1TFGPUKPUKIPKGPWPFYCTXQP DKUFGTGPCNNGKPKIGTQHHK\KGNNGT.KGHGTCPV

174


DEUTSCHE STAATEN

8265



8266

-ÌPKINKEJ9ÒTVVGODGTIKUEJGT(TKGFTKEJU1TFGP/QFGNN OGJTMNCUUKI 4KVVGTMTGW\ -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP   \YGKVG XQNWOKPÌUGTG #WUHÒJTWPI #PHGTVKIWPI FGU *QHLWYGNKGTU   'FWCTF (QGJT KP 5VWVVICTV \YKUEJGP  WPF  OKV UVCTT XGTNÌVGVGP 5EJYGTVGTP )QNF GOCKNNKGTV    I PCJG\W WPUKEJVDCTG 'OCKNNGTGRCTCVWTGP KP FGP 5RKV\GP FGU QDGTGP -TGW\CTOU CO QTKIKPCNGP   5RTWPITKPI OKV UR·VGTGP LGFQEJ CNVGP $CPFCDUEJPKVV KO QTKIKPCNGP IQNFGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK   FGT(KTOC(QGJT1'- ++



-ÌPKINKEJ9ÒTVVGODGTIKUEJGT (TKGFTKEJU1TFGP  /QFGNN OGJTMNCUUKI    4KVVGTMTGW\   -NCUUGOKV5EJYGTVGTP\YGKVGXQNWOKPÌUGTG#WUHÒJTWPI#PHGTVKIWPIFGU-ÌPKINKEJGP/ÒP\COVUKP 5VWVVICTV\YKUEJGPWPF5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVOKVMWT\GO1TKIKPCNDCPFKOQTKIKPC NGPIQNFGPDGFTWEMVGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK1'- ++



.CWV-NGKPWPF4CHH KP5/-5 YWTFGPKPFGP,CJTGPDKUKPUIGUCOV4KVVGTMTGW\G-NCUUG OKV5EJYGTVGTPKP)QNFXQO*QHLWYGNKGT'FWCTF(QGJTIGNKGHGTVYQXQP5VÒEMOKV5EJYGTVGTPXQP5VGKPCO OKV 5EJCTPKGTGP XGTUGJGPYCTGP(ÒTFGP<GKVTCWOXQPDKUPGPPGPUKG KP5/-5 8GTNGKJWP IGP FGU 4KVVGTMTGW\G  -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP &C GDGPHCNNU NCWV -NGKP WPF 4CHH KP 5/- 5   FKG CO    1MVQDGTKO#WHVTCIFGU9ÒTVVGODGTIKUEJGP5VCCVOKPKUVGTKWOUGTUVGNNVGōªDGTUKEJVÒDGTFKG\WT<GKVCWUIGIG DGPGP YÒTVVGODGTIKUEJGP 1TFGPU\GKEJGP YGNEJG UVCVWCTKUEJ YKGFGT CD\WNKGHGTP UKPFŋ GKPG <CJN XQP  4KVVGT   MTGW\GP-NCUUGOKV5EJYGTVGTPPGPPV GKPUEJNKG­NKEJFGTJÌEJUVGPU'ZGORNCTGKP5KNDGTXGTIQNFGV FKGNCWV -NGKPWPF4CHH KP5/-5 \YKUEJGPWPFXQPFGT5VWVVICTVGT/ÒP\GJGTIGUVGNNVYWTFGP FKGPCEJ FGO#DNGDGPFGT$GNKGJGPGPPQEJ\WTÒEMIGIGDGPYGTFGPOÒUUGPKUVFCXQPCWU\WIGJGPFC­FKG'ZGORNCTGKPGEJV )QNFJGWVGYGKVCWUUGNVGPGT\WHKPFGPUKPFCNUFKGLGPKIGPKP5KNDGTXGTIQNFGV



.CWV-NGKPWPF4CHH KP5/-5 YWTFGPKPFGP,CJTGPDKUKPUIGUCOV4KVVGTMTGW\G-NCUUG KP5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVXQPFGT5VWVVICTVGT/ÒP\GJGTIGUVGNNV

8268 8267



8269

-ÌPKINKEJ9ÒTVVGODGTIKUEJGT (TKGFTKEJU1TFGP  /QFGNN OGJTMNCUUKI    4KVVGTMTGW\    -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP #PHGTVKIWPI XQP 1VVQ9GPPDGTIKP5VWVVICTV  5KNDGT)QNF CWEJFKG 5EJYGTVGT GOCKNNKGTVQJPG$CPF1'- 4+p++



-ÌPKINKEJ9ÒTVVGODGTIKUEJGT (TKGFTKEJU1TFGP  /QFGNN OGJTMNCUUKI    4KVVGTMTGW\    -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP #PHGTVKIWPI FGU -ÌPKINKEJGP /ÒP\COVU   5KNDGT VGKNYGKUG XGT   IQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTV$CPFTKPIGTI·P\VQJPG$CPF1'- ++



1NIC1TFGP#WUHÒJTWPIHÒT&COGP5KNDGT0COGPUEJKHHTG)QNFVGKNYGKUGGOCKNNKGTVCPFGTQTKIKPC NGPITQ­GPCNVGP&COGPUEJNGKHG1'- ++



'ZGORNCTGFKGUGU*GTUVGNNGTUUKPFUGNVGP.CWV4CHH KP5/-5 NKGHGTVG1VVQ9GPPDGTIKPUIGUCOVPWT 'ZGORNCTGFGU4KVVGTMTGW\GU-NCUUGOKV5EJYGTVGTPCNNGKO,CJTG&KG7PVGTUEJGKFWPIUOGTMOCNGUKPFKO INGKEJGP9GTMCWH5GTUKEJVNKEJ





&GT GKPMNCUUKIG 1TFGP YWTFG CO  ,WPK  XQP -ÌPKI -CTN   XQP 9ÒTVVGODGTI \W 'JTGP UGKPGT   )CVVKP-ÌPKIKP1NIC0KMQNCLGYPC4QOCPQYC  )TQ­HÒTUVKPXQP4W­NCPFWPF-ÌPKIKPXQP9ÒTVVGODGTI IGUVKHVGV 'T MQPPVG CP (TCWGP WPF /·PPGT HÒT DGUQPFGTG 8GTFKGPUVG WOFKGHTGKYKNNKIG2HNGIGWPF*KNHGKP-TKGI WPF(TKGFGPXGTNKGJGPYGTFGP/KVFGT5VKHVWPIFGU%JCTNQVVGPMTGW\GUCO,CPWCTYWTFGFKG8GTNGKJWPIFGU 1TFGPUGKPIGUVGNNV

175


DEUTSCHE STAATEN

8270

8272

8271

8273

8274



<KXKNXGTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG/QFGNN OKVFGO2QTVTCKV-ÌPKI-CTNU 5KNDGTPG8GTFKGPUVOG FCKNNG#WUHÒJTWPIOKV5VGORGNUEJPGKFGTUKIPCVWT%5%*0+6<52#*0QJPG$CPF1'- ++





5KNDGTPGU 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\   8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ QJPG 5EJYGTVGT  #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC 'FWCTF   (QGJTKP5VWVVICTV  #WUHÒJTWPIOKVUGRCTCVIGHGTVKIVGP/GFCKNNQPU5KNDGTCOCNVSWGTOQP VKGTVGP$CPFOKV5KEJGTJGKVUPCFGN1'- +p++





'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG\WOL·JTKIGP4GIKGTWPIULWDKN·WO-ÌPKI-CTNU)QNFGPG'TKPPGTWPIU OGFCKNNG$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVCO$CPF1'- ++





5KNDGTPG*QEJ\GKVUOGFCKNNG  5KNDGTQJPG$CPF1'-





,WDKN·WOU9KNJGNOUMTGW\DKUJGTCNU9KNJGNOUMTGW\HÒTUQPUVKIG8GTFKGPUVWOFKGÌHHGPVNKEJG 9QJNHCJTVDG\GKEJPGV 1JPG4ÒEMUGKVGPKPUEJTKHV $TQP\GCO$CPFKO1TKIKPCNGVWKFGU-ÌPKINKEJGP /ÒP\COVUKP5VWVVICTV1'-5/-1 ++

+P FKGUGT #WUHÒJTWPI YQJN XQP GKPGT &COG IGVTCIGP .CWV 4CHH KP 5/- 5   YWTFGP XQP  DKU    KPUIGUCOV  XQP 'FWCTF (QGJT IGNKGHGTVG 'ZGORNCTG XGTNKGJGP &KG 7PVGTUEJGKFWPIUOGTMOCNG UKPF KO INGKEJGP   9GTMCWH5GTUKEJVNKEJYQDGKFKG#PICDGPDG\ÒINKEJFGT/GFCKNNQPUHÒT'ZGORNCTGQJPGWPFOKV5EJYGTVGTP KFGPVKUEJUKPF

++



0GWG(QTUEJWPIUGTIGDPKUUGXQP#NDGTV4CHHWPF7NTKEJ-NGKP XGTÌHHGPVNKEJVKP5/-5H DGNGIGPGKPFGWVKI FC­ GU UKEJ DGK FKGUGO H·NUEJNKEJGTYGKUG DKUJGT UQ DG\GKEJPGVGP ō9KNJGNOUMTGW\ HÒT UQPUVKIG 8GTFKGPUVG WO FKG   ÌHHGPVNKEJG 9QJNHCJTVŋ KP 9KTMNKEJMGKV WO GKPG XQP -ÌPKI 9KNJGNO ++   CWU #PNC­ UGKPGU L·JTKIGP   4GIKGTWPIULWDKN·WOU KPKVKKGTVG #WUICDG JCPFGNV FKG OKV GKPGTPQTOCNGP8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGQJPGDGUQPFGTGP*KP YGKUCWHFCU4GIKGTWPIULWDKN·WOLGFQEJOKVFGOIGFTWEMVGP8GTNGKJWPIUFCVWOXQO1MVQDGTCWUIGIGDGP YWTFGP .CWV 4CHH-NGKP YCTGP DKU \WO  1MVQDGT  OGJT CNU  #PVT·IG CWH 8GTNGKJWPI FGT   ō,WDKN·WOUCWUICDGŋGKPIGICPIGP

8276

8277

8278



9KNJGNOUMTGW\9KNJGNOUMTGW\OKV5EJYGTVGTP$TQP\GQJPG$CPF1'-

++





&KGPUV'JTGP\GKEJGP/QFGNN OKV/QPQITCOO9WPF4ÒEMUGKVGPOGFCKNNQP -TGW\ -NCUUGHÒT&KGPUVLCJTG$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVVGKNYGKUGGOCKNNKGTVCO$CPF ++





&KGPUV'JTGP\GKEJGP/QFGNN OKV/QPQITCOO9WPF4ÒEMUGKVGPOGFCKNNQP -TGW\  -NCUUG HÒT  &KGPUVLCJTG XCTKCPVG #WUHÒJTWPI OKV PCEJ WPVGP IGTKEJVGVGP 5EJYGTVGTP   CWH FGO   4GXGTUOGFCKNNQP5KNDGTVGKNYGKUGGOCKNNKGTVCO$CPF ++



+PVGTGUUCPVGKPGKPGO5VÒEMIGHGTVKIVG8CTKCPVG



176

&KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI HÒT 7PVGTQHHK\KGTG  /QFGNN OKV FGO /QPQITCOO -ÌPKI 9KNJGNOU ++      /KPKCVWTFGT-NCUUGHÒT&KGPUVLCJTG5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCP4GXGTUUEJNGKHGOKV 4GXGTUMPQRHFGT(KTOC/C[GT9KNJGNOKP5VWVVICTVKO1TKIKPCNGVWKFGT(KTOC 4++




DEUTSCHE STAATEN

8279



(CJPGPOGFCKNNGHÒT-TKGIGTXGTGKPG$TQP\GXGTUKNDGTV\YGKMNGKPG4CPFFGNNGPQJPG$CPF

++



)GUVKHVGVCO0QXGODGTFWTEJ-ÌPKI9KNJGNO++XQP9ÒTVVGODGTI  WPFDKUCPYÒTVVGO DGTIKUEJG-TKGIGTXGTGKPGXGTNKGJGPFKGKJTL·JTKIGU$GUVGJGPHGKGTVGP

8280



$TQUEJG WPVGT 8GTYGPFWPI GKPGT &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI  -NCUUG /QFGNN  $TQP\G XGT   IQNFGV QJPG 'KUGPRN·VVEJGP OKV GKPGO XQP WTURTÒPINKEJ \YGK  <CJP OÌINKEJGTYGKUG GKPGU -KPFGU    CP0CFGN ++



'XGPVWGNNCWEJGKP,CIFUEJOWEM

8281 (1:1)

*1%*56+(6&'5(ª456$+567/59ª4<$74) $+5  

-·OOGTGT5EJNÒUUGN #WUHÒJTWPI OKV FGO 9CRRGP XQP #FCO (TKGFTKEJ )TCH XQP 5GKPUJGKO      (ÒTUVDKUEJQH XQP 9ÒT\DWTI XQP  DKU   WPF $CODGTI $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV 8GTIQNFWPI   GVYCUDGTKGDGP 44++



<YGKHGNUHTGKGU1TKIKPCNGZGORNCTFKGUGUHTÒJGPWPFUGNVGPGP-·OOGTGT5EJNÒUUGNUCWUFGOFTKVVGP8KGTVGNFGU#EJV \GJPVGP ,CJTJWPFGTVU &KG )GUVCNVWPI FGT YÒT\DWTIKUEJGP 5EJNÒUUGN KUV DGTGKVU WPVGT (ÒTUVDKUEJQH (TKGFTKEJ %CTN   )TCH CD XQP5EJÌPDQTP$WEJJGKO  FGTXQPDKUTGIKGTVGGKPIGHÒJTVYQTFGPPWTFCU 9CRRGP YWTFG GPVURTGEJGPF CPIGRC­V XIN &WYG )GQTI  'T\M·OOGTGT -COOGTJGTTGP WPF KJTG 5EJNÒUUGN   1UPCDTÒEM5HH 

177


DEUTSCHES REICH 1871-1918

8282 (1:1)

*'+.+)'54¤/+5%*'54'+%*&'765%*'40#6+10 $+5  

#FNKIG )CPGTDUEJCHV #NVGP.KORWTI \W (TCPMHWTV CO /CKP &GMQTCVKQP FGT /KVINKGFGT  /QFGNN  

OKV TWFQNRJKPKUEJGT -CKUGTMTQPG CD    Z  OO )QNF GOCKNNKGTV OKP #DRNCV\WPIGP KO   XQTFGTWPFTÒEMUGKVKIGP/GFCKNNQPTKPICP$CPFUEJNGKHGOKV6TCIGMPQRH 44++p

&KG&GMQTCVKQPFKGUGT)GUEJNGEJVGTIGUGNNUEJCHVKUVXQPCNNGTITÌ­VGT5GNVGPJGKV5KGYWTFGNCWV2TQEJ±\MC KP2)#5 H  CO  /·T\  XQP (TCP\ ++ -CKUGT FGU *GKNKIGP 4ÌOKUEJGP 4GKEJGU &GWVUEJGT 0CVKQP IGUVKHVGV   &KGNGV\VGP5VCVWVGPFGT)GUGNNUEJCHVUVCOOGPXQP

ex 8283



8286

8285

&'765%*'54'+%* 

%JKPC&GPMOÒP\G  <YGK 'ZGORNCTG   #WUICDG HÒT -·ORHGT $TQP\G   #WUICDG HÒT   0KEJVM·ORHGT5VCJN,GYGKNUCP$·PFGTP1'- 5VÒEM++



%JKPC&GPMOÒP\G/GFCKNNGHÒT-·ORHGT$TQP\GQJPG$CPF1'-



%JKPC&GPMOÒP\G  /GFCKNNG HÒT -·ORHGT $TQP\G QJPG $CPFTKPI WPF QJPG $CPF   1'- ++





5ÒFYGUVCHTKMC&GPMOÒP\G )NCVVG 'KPGT1TFGPUUEJPCNNG QJPG FKG /GFCKNNG  OKV FTGK CWHIGNGIVGP   )GHGEJVUURCPIGP 07&74#5 -Š4#5$'4)' WPF )41550#/#.#0& #P 0CFGN 1'-    ++



8GTYWPFGVGPCD\GKEJGP-QPXQNWVXQPPGWP'ZGORNCTGPXGTUEJKGFGPG5VWHGPFCXQP\YGKFWTEJ DTQEJGPKPXGTUEJKGFGPGP/GVCNNGPOCIPGVKUEJWPFPKEJVOCIPGVKUEJKPWPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP'TJCNVWPIGP 5VÒEM++++p++++++





++

 

8288

 178

#D\GKEJGPHÒT/KNKV·T(NWI\GWIHÒJTGT5KNDGTJQJNIGRT·IVWPFXGTDÌFGVCP0CFGNKODTCWPGP1TK IKPCNGVWK1'- ++




DEUTSCHES REICH 1919-1933

8289

8290

&'765%*'54'+%* 51)'0#006'9'+/#4'44'27$.+-  

$CNVGPMTGW\5VGEMMTGW\OGJTVGKNKIG(GTVKIWPI#WHNCIGXGTPKGVGVCP0CFGN1'-

++



#D\GKEJGPHÒT8GTFKGPUVGWOFKG-QNQPKGPUQIGPCPPVGT'NGRJCPVGPQTFGP5VGEMCD\GKEJGP-TKGIU OGVCNNCP0CFGN1'- ++

 

8291 (1:1)



-CORHYCIGP#D\GKEJGP *QJN IGRT·IV WPF XGTDÌFGV XGTUKNDGTV CP 0CFGN 0/  D   1'- ++ 

8292

8293

8294

(4'+-1425 

.WDNKPKV\-TGW\FGU5GNDUVUEJWV\$CVCKNNQPU.WDNKPKV\-TGW\-NCUUG$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKN NKGTVCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG*GTUVGNNGTRWP\GCP0CFGN0/C 4++





.WDNKPKV\-TGW\FGU5GNDUVUEJWV\$CVCKNNQPU.WDNKPKV\-TGW\-NCUUG$TQP\GXGTUKNDGTVWPFGOCKN NKGTVCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG*GTUVGNNGTRWP\GQJPG$CPFTKPIWPFQJPG$CPF0/D 4++





#PPCDGTIMTGW\ FGU (TGKMQTRU 1DGTNCPF 5VGEMMTGW\ XGTUKNDGTV WPF GOCKNNKGTV OKV 3WGTPCFGN 0/   D1'- ++

 179


DEUTSCHES REICH 1919-1933

8295

8298

8297

8296

51.&#6'070&8'6'4#0'08'4$0&' 

-QNQPKCNCWU\GKEJPWPIFGU&GWVUEJGP-QNQPKCN-TKGIGT$WPFGUUQIGPCPPVGT.ÌYGPQTFGP-QNQPKCN CWU\GKEJPWPIKP5KNDGT5VGEMCD\GKEJGP$TQP\GXGTUKNDGTVCP0CFGN0/C ++





$WPFGU'JTGPMTGW\ FGU $CFKUEJGP -TKGIGT$WPFGU $WPFGU'JTGPMTGW\ + -NCUUG HÒT  ,CJTG XGT   IQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPIFGT(KTOC$*/C[GTKP2HQT\JGKOKP FGTQTKIKPCNGP8GTNGKJWPIUVÒVG0/E ++





'JTGPMTGW\ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP FGU 'JTGPDWPFGU 5·EJUKUEJGT 9GNVMTKGIUVGKNPGJOGT G 8 8GTIQNFGV   COCNVGP1TKIKPCNDCPF ++





(TQPVMTGW\FGU(TQPVMTKGIGTDWPFGUG88GTUKNDGTVVGKNYGKUGXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCWHFGT4ÒEM UGKVG*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPIFGT(KTOC&GUEJNGT5QJPKP/ÒPEJGPCP0CFGN0/ ++



8300 8299

8301

$#;'40(4'+56##6 5'+6  

(GWGTYGJT'JTGPMTGW\ FGU .CPFGUHGWGTYGJTXGTDCPFGU $C[GTP 'JTGPMTGW\ HÒT  &KGPUVLCJTG   5KNDGTVGKNYGKUGXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCWHFGONKPMGP-TGW\CTORWP\KGTVCOQTKIKPCNGPCNVGP &TGKGEMUDCPF'(. ++



)GUVKHVGVCO5GRVGODGTFWTEJFGP.CPFGUHGWGTYGJTCWUUEJW­$C[GTPWPFDKUXGTNKGJGP

24'755'0(4'+56##670&4'27$.+-   

(GWGTYGJT'TKPPGTWPIUCD\GKEJGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUV 5KNDGT IGRT·IV  CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG DG\GKEJPGV   24'75556##65/ª0<'WPF5+.$'4('+0CP$TQUEJKGTWPIOKV0CFGN1'- ++



<YGKHGNUHTGKIGRT·IVGU1TKIKPCNGZGORNCTCNUUQNEJGUPKEJVJ·WHKI\WHKPFGP<WFKGUGO'JTGP\GKEJGPWPFDGUQPFGTU \WT 2TQDNGOCVKM FGT )W­H·NUEJWPIGP UKGJG-NCGFMG$GTPF&CU(GWGTYGJT'TKPPGTWPIUCD\GKEJGPHÒT8GTFKGPUVG FGT 4GRWDNKM 2TGW­GP +P /KNKVCTKC  ,I  *GHV  5 HH  0CEJFGO OKV FGO )GUGV\ ÒDGT FCU (GWGT   NÌUEJYGUGPXQO&G\GODGTFCUUGNDGPGWIGTGIGNVYQTFGPYCTYWTFGFKGUGU'JTGP\GKEJGPOKV4WPFGTNCUU 0T ++ &  FGU RTGW­KUEJGP +PPGPOKPKUVGTKWOU XQO  &G\GODGT  IGUVKHVGV FKG 8GTNGKJWPIUTKEJVNKPKGP   YWTFGPKO/KPKUVGTKCNDNCVVHÒTFKG+PPGTG8GTYCNVWPI0T5HHXGTÌHHGPVNKEJV0CEJFGT5VKHVWPIFGU 4GKEJUHGWGTYGJTGJTGP\GKEJGPU FWTEJ FGP 4GKEJUOKPKUVGT FGU +PPGTP 9KNJGNO (TKEM   CO&G\GODGT YWTFGFKG8GTNGKJWPIFGURTGW­KUEJGP'JTGP\GKEJGPUGKPIGUVGNNV



(GWGTYGJT8GTFKGPUVMTGW\FGU$TCPFGPDWTIKUEJGP2TQXKP\KCNHGWGTYGJTXGTDCPFGU$TQP\GXGTIQNFGV WPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGPCNVGPVGKNYGKUGXGTH·TDVGP$CPF'( ++ &CUUGJTUGNVGPG'JTGP\GKEJGPYWTFGNCWV'HNGT KP'( Y·JTGPFFGU8GTDCPFUVCIUFGU$TCPFGPDWTIKUEJGP2TQXKP \KCNHGWGTYGJTXGTDCPFGUCO1MVQDGTIGUVKHVGVWPFPWTGVYC\YGK,CJTGNCPIDKUXGTNKGJGP

180




DEUTSCHES REICH 1933-1945

&'765%*'54'+%* 51)'0#006'5&4+66'54'+%*  5QNCPIG UKEJ -WPFG WPF 8GTM·WHGT PKEJV IGIGPVGKNKI ·W­GTP XGTUKEJGTP UKG FC­ UKG )GIGPUV·PFG WPF   $Ã&#x2019;EJGT CWU FGT <GKV FGU &GWVUEJGP4GKEJGUXQPDKUPWT\W<YGEMGPFGTUVCCVUDÃ&#x2019;TIGTNKEJGP #WHMN·TWPIFGT#DYGJTXGTHCUUWPIUYKFTKIGT$GUVTGDWPIGPFGT-WPUVQFGTFGT9KUUGPUEJCHVFGT(QT UEJWPI QFGT FGT .GJTG FGT $GTKEJVGTUVCVVWPI Ã&#x2019;DGT 8QTI·PIG FGU <GKVIGUEJGJGPU QFGT FGT )GUEJKEJVG   QFGT ·JPNKEJGP <YGEMGP GTYGTDGP &KGUG )GIGPUV·PFG WPF $Ã&#x2019;EJGT YGTFGP ITWPFU·V\NKEJ PWT WPVGT   FKGUGP8QTCWUUGV\WPIGPCPIGDQVGPWPFCDIGIGDGP  5QOKV UVGNNV FGT 'TYGTD XQP )GIGPUV·PFGP WPF $Ã&#x2019;EJGTP CWU FKGUGT <GKV WPVGT FGP QDGP CWHIGHÃ&#x2019;JTVGP   8QTCWUUGV\WPIGP IGO·­ FGT hh C #DU  D\Y  #DU  5V)$ MGKPGP 5VTCHVCVDGUVCPF KO 5KPPG FGU   h C #DU  5V)$ FCT 7PVGT FKGUGP 7OUV·PFGP KUV GU CNUQ ITWPFU·V\NKEJ GTNCWDV 1TFGP WPF   'JTGP\GKEJGPFKGKPh#DU)GUGV\Ã&#x2019;DGT6KVGN1TFGPWPF'JTGP\GKEJGPPKEJVCWHIGHÃ&#x2019;JTVUKPFUQYKG #D\GKEJGPOKVPCVKQPCNUQ\KCNKUVKUEJGP'ODNGOGP\WXGTMCWHGPWPF\WGTYGTDGPWPFFKGUGPVIGIGPFGP $GUVKOOWPIGPFGUh#DU)GUGV\Ã&#x2019;DGT6KVGN1TFGPWPF'JTGP\GKEJGP  &GUJCND JCV FGT $WPFGUOKPKUVGT FGT ,WUVK\ OKV 5EJTGKDGP  ++  XQO  FGO   UGKPGT\GKVKIGP 8QTUKV\GPFGP FGU $WPFGU FGWVUEJGT 1TFGPUUCOONGT G 8 CWUFTÃ&#x2019;EMNKEJ GTMN·TV FC­ FGT   'TYGTD XQP 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP CWU FGT <GKV FGU UQIGPCPPVGP &TKVVGP 4GKEJGUFWTEJGTPUVJCHVG WPFQTICPKUKGTVG5COONGTOKVFGO<KGNFKGUGP)GIGPUVCPFKPGKPG5COONWPIGKP\WHÃ&#x2019;IGPMGKPGP5VTCH DGUVCPFKO5KPPGFGU)GUGV\VGUFCTUVGNNV 



1TFGPFGU'KUGTPGP-TGW\GU  'KUGTPGU-TGW\+-NCUUG'KUGPMGTPIGUEJY·T\V<CTIGXGTUKNDGTV QJPG *GTUVGNNGTRWP\GP CP 0CFGN FC\W 'KUGTPGU -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG 'KUGPMGTP IGUEJY·T\V <CTIG   XGTUKNDGTVCO$CPF 5VÃ&#x2019;EM++



1TFGP FGU 'KUGTPGP -TGW\GU   9KGFGTJQNWPIUURCPIG \WO 'KUGTPGP -TGW\   -NCUUG   \YGKVG#WUHÃ&#x2019;JTWPI$WPVOGVCNNXGTUKNDGTVQJPG*GTUVGNNGTRWP\GCPURKV\\WNCWHGPFGT0CFGN0CFGNJCMGP CWUTWPFGO&TCJV1'- ++



#WHITWPFFGTGZKUVKGTGPFGPITQ­GP(·NUEJWPIURTQDNGOCVKMMCPPHÃ&#x2019;TFKGUGU'ZGORNCTNGKFGTMGKPG)GY·JTHÃ&#x2019;T1TKIK PCNKV·V IGIGDGP YGTFGP &GT +PVGTGUUGPV YKTF CWUFTÃ&#x2019;EMNKEJ CWH FKG )GNGIGPJGKV \WT CWUHÃ&#x2019;JTNKEJGP 8QTDGUKEJVKIWPI   XQTFGT#WMVKQPCWHOGTMUCOIGOCEJV





1TFGP FGU 'KUGTPGP -TGW\GU  'KUGTPGU-TGW\#WUICDG-TGW\-NCUUG'KUGPMGTPIG UEJY·T\V <CTIG 5KNDGT CO $CPF OKV CWHIGNGIVGT  5RNKPVG  9KGFGTJQNWPIUURCPIG    #WUHÃ&#x2019;JTWPI1'- ++



8GTYWPFGVGPCD\GKEJGP UQIGPCPPVGU8GTYWPFGVGPCD\GKEJGPHÃ&#x2019;TFGWVUEJG(TGKYKNNKIGKP5RCPK UEJGP (TGKJGKVUMCORH   /QFGNN   #D\GKEJGP KP 5EJYCT\ /GUUKPI OKV 4GUVUEJY·T\WPI   CP0CFGN1'- ++p+++



.CWV0KGOCPP KP0/5 KUVFKGUGUWTURTÃ&#x2019;PINKEJHÃ&#x2019;TFKGFGWVUEJGP(TGKYKNNKIGPKO5RCPKUEJGP(TGKJGKVUMCORH IGUVKHVGVG8GTYWPFGVGPCD\GKEJGPVTQV\FGTOKVFGT0GWUVKHVWPIGTHQNIVGP8GT·PFGTWPIFGT)GUVCNVWPI /Q FGNN DKUYGKVKPFGP<YGKVGP9GNVMTKGIJKPGKPJGTIGUVGNNVWPFXGTNKGJGPYQTFGPYCUFKG'TMN·TWPIHÃ&#x2019;TFKGTGNCVKXG *·WHKIMGKV FKGUGU HÃ&#x2019;T FGP 'KPUCV\ KP 5RCPKGP KP 5EJYCT\ PWT  OCN XGTNKGJGPGP 'JTGP\GKEJGPU #WHITWPF FGT   GZKUVKGTGPFGPITQ­GP(·NUEJWPIURTQDNGOCVKMMCPPHÃ&#x2019;TFKGUGU'ZGORNCTNGKFGTMGKPG)GY·JTHÃ&#x2019;T1TKIKPCNKV·VIGIGDGP YGTFGP&GT+PVGTGUUGPVYKTFCWUFTÃ&#x2019;EMNKEJCWHFKG)GNGIGPJGKV\WTCWUHÃ&#x2019;JTNKEJGP8QTDGUKEJVKIWPIXQTFGT#WMVKQP CWHOGTMUCOIGOCEJV



8GTYWPFGVGPCD\GKEJGP UQIGPCPPVGU8GTYWPFGVGPCD\GKEJGPHÃ&#x2019;TFGWVUEJG(TGKYKNNKIGKP5RCPK UEJGP (TGKJGKVUMCORH   /QFGNN   #D\GKEJGP KP 5EJYCT\ /GUUKPI OKV 4GUVUEJY·T\WPI   CP0CFGN1'- +++



#WHITWPFFGTGZKUVKGTGPFGPITQ­GP(·NUEJWPIURTQDNGOCVKMMCPPHÃ&#x2019;TFKGUGU'ZGORNCTNGKFGTMGKPG)GY·JTHÃ&#x2019;T1TKIK PCNKV·V IGIGDGP YGTFGP &GT +PVGTGUUGPV YKTF CWUFTÃ&#x2019;EMNKEJ CWH FKG )GNGIGPJGKV \WT CWUHÃ&#x2019;JTNKEJGP 8QTDGUKEJVKIWPI   XQTFGT#WMVKQPCWHOGTMUCOIGOCEJV



5KGIGTOGFCKNNGFGT&GWVUEJGP9KPVGTMCORHURKGNGKP$TCWPNCIG5EJKGTMC0KEJVVTCIDCT&WTEJ OGUUGTOOXGTUKNDGTVOKV5VGORGNUEJPGKFGTUKIPCVWT%.¤%-.'4 4++





5COONWPI XQP EC  \KXKNGP WPF OKNKV·TKUEJGP 1TFGP 'JTGP\GKEJGP WPF #D\GKEJGP FGU   &GWVUEJGP4GKEJGU7CCWEJ-CORHCD\GKEJGPFGU*GGTGU FCTWPVGT0CJMCORHURCPIGPKP 5KNDGT WPF $TQP\G  FGT /CTKPG FCTWPVGT (NQVVGP-TKGIUCD\GKEJGP  WPF FGT .WHVYCHHG FCTWPVGT $GQD   CEJVGT WPF &QRRGNCD\GKEJGP 1TFGPXQO&GWVUEJGP#FNGT&GWVUEJGU1N[ORKC'JTGP\GKEJGP5VCJN JGNODWPF 'KPVTKVVUCD\GKEJGP FCTWPVGT OGJTGTG *CNUFGMQTCVKQPGP -QRKGP   WPF 1TKIKPCNG XGTUEJKG   FGPG/GVCNNGVGKNUGOCKNNKGTVVGKNUCP0CFGNPVGKNUCP$·PFGTPKPUGJTWPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP'TJCNVWPIGP &C\WGKPKIG$CPFVGKNGGKPG#EJVGT(GNFUEJPCNNGWPFCEJV4GXGTUUEJNGKHEJGP 5VÃ&#x2019;EM++++p+++++++8



&KGUG5COONWPIUQNNVGWPDGFKPIVXQT#DICDGGKPGU)GDQVGUDGUKEJVKIVYGTFGP

181


DEUTSCHES REICH 1933-1945 

-QPXQNWVXQPUKGDGPXGTUEJKGFGPGP'JTGP\GKEJGPWPF#D\GKEJGP&CTWPVGT7$QQV-TKGIUCD\GKEJGP KP /GVCNN WPF IGUVKEMV 2CP\GTMCORHCD\GKEJGP ¤UVGTTGKEJ 5WFGVGPNCPF WPF /GOGNIGDKGV#PUEJNW­   OGFCKNNGP1TKIKPCNGWPF-QRKGP  XGTUEJKGFGPG/GVCNNGVGKNUXGTIQNFGVQFGTXGTUKNDGTVVGKNUCP$·PFGTP QFGTCP0CFGNPKPWPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGT'TJCNVWPIGKPGUKO'VWK&C\WGKP5VQHHCD\GKEJGP 5VÒEM++



&KGUGU-QPXQNWVUQNNVGWPDGFKPIVXQT#DICDGGKPGU)GDQVGUDGUKEJVKIVYGTFGP



-QPXQNWV XQP  #WU\GKEJPWPIGP XQTYKGIGPF FGU <YGKVGP 9GNVMTKGIU &CTWPVGT \YGK '- ++ GKPGU   $QFGPHWPF  UGEJU -TKGIUXGTFKGPUVMTGW\G ++ -NCUUG OKV WPF QJPG 5EJYGTVGT CEJV /GFCKNNGP 9KPVGT   UEJNCEJV KO 1UVGP  FTGK 8GTYWPFGVGPCD\GKEJGP KP XGTUEJKGFGPGP /GVCNNGP WPF KP WPVGTUEJKGF   NKEJGP'TJCNVWPIGPVGKNUOKV$·PFGTPWPFVGKNUCP0CFGNP 5VÒEM++++p++++8



&KGUGU-QPXQNWVUQNNVGWPDGFKPIVXQT#DICDGGKPGU)GDQVGUDGUKEJVKIVYGTFGP



-QPXQNWVXQP#WU\GKEJPWPIGPFGU&GWVUEJGP4GKEJGUXQPDKU1TKIKPCNGWPF-QRKGPKP WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP/GVCNNGPVGKNUCP$·PFGTPVGKNUCP0CFGNP\YGKKP'VWKUFC\W\YGK'-++WPF GKP 8GTYWPFGVGPCD\GKEJGP UQYKG 4GXGTUUEJNGKHEJGP -QRRGNUEJNQ­ GVE KP WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP 'TJCN   VWPIGP 5VÒEM++++p+++



&KGUGU-QPXQNWVUQNNVGWPDGFKPIVXQT#DICDGGKPGU)GDQVGUDGUKEJVKIVYGTFGP



-QPXQNWV XQP XKGT #WU\GKEJPWPIU-QRKGP FCTWPVGT FTGK KP JGTXQTTCIGPFGT #PHGTVKIWPIUSWCNKV·V   5RCPKGPMTGW\KP)QNFOKV$TKNNCPVGP 5KNDGT 'JTGP\GKEJGPHÒT&GWVUEJG8QNMURHNGIG CO*CNUDCPF CDUEJPKVV  WPF  5VWHG FKGUG FTGK KP JGTXQTTCIGPFGT #PHGTVKIWPIUSWCNKV·V  WPF 'JTGPUEJKNF HÒT   DGUQPFGTG.GKUVWPIGPKO.WHVICW0QTYGIGP 5VÒEM++



-QPXQNWV XQP EC  -NGKPCD\GKEJGP FGU &GWVUEJGP 4GKEJGU XQP  DKU  1TKIKPCNG WPF   -QRKGPKPXGTUEJKGFGPGP/GVCNNGPVGKNUGOCKNNKGTVOGKUVCP0CFGNPKPWPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP'TJCNVWPIGP ++





'JTGPMTGW\ FGU 9GNVMTKGIGU -QPXQNWV XQP UKGDGP 8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGP KP WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGT 'TJCN   VWPI&C\WGKP5QNFDWEJWPFUGEJU(CTDFTWEMGXQP7PKHQTOGPFGU,CJTJWPFGTVU 5VÒEM+++++





-QPXQNWV XQP  IGUVKEMVGP 'JTGP\GKEJGP WPF 7PKHQTOGHHGMVGP 7 C &GWVUEJGU -TGW\ KP 5KNDGT   (NWI\GWIHÒJTGT#D\GKEJGPTOGNDCPF-WTNCPFWPF\YGK5EJÒV\GPUEJPÒTG-QRKGP  WPF1TKIKPCNGKP WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP'TJCNVWPIGP 5VÒEM++





&KGUGU-QPXQNWVUQNNVGWPDGFKPIVXQT#DICDGGKPGU)GDQVGUDGUKEJVKIVYGTFGP



5COONWPI XQP EC  8GTCPUVCNVWPIU#D\GKEJGP XQTYKGIGPF FGU &GWVUEJGP 4GKEJGU    8GTUEJKGFGPG /CVGTKCNKGP <KPM $NGEJ -WPUVUVQHH 2CRRG WPF 6QP  ITÌ­VGPVGKNU CP 0CFGNP KP WPVGT   UEJKGFNKEJGP'TJCNVWPIGP 5VÒEM++



&KGUG5COONWPIUQNNVGWPDGFKPIVXQT#DICDGGKPGU)GDQVGUDGUKEJVKIVYGTFGP



5COONWPI XQP ÒDGT  5COOGNDGNGIGP FGU 9KPVGTJKNHUYGTMGU WPF CPFGTGP -NGKPCD\GKEJGP \W   UCOOGP OKV CNVGO 5COOGNMCUVGP #WU FGP XGTUEJKGFGPUVGP /CVGTKCNKGP *QN\ -WPUVUVQHH 6GZVKNKGP   6QP 5VGKPIWV 2QT\GNNCP .GFGT 2CRRG 2CRKGT GVE  VGKNU DGOCNV QFGT NCEMKGTV KP UGJT WPVGTUEJKGF   NKEJGP'TJCNVWPIGP\WUCOOGPOKVCNVGOCEJV'VCIGP5COOGNMCUVGP 5VÒEM++



&KGUG5COONWPIUQNNVGWPDGFKPIVXQT#DICDGGKPGU)GDQVGUDGUKEJVKIVYGTFGP



-QPXQNWV XQP EC  -PÌRHGP 'HHGMVGP/GVCNNCWHNCIGP WPF -QMCTFGP ÒDGTYKGIGPF FGU &GWV   UEJGP4GKEJGU7CFGU5VCJNJGNOFGT#TOGG/CTKPGWPF.WHVYCHHGFGT*KVNGTLWIGPFKPXGTUEJKGFG PGP /CVGTKCNKGP /GVCNN .GFGT -WPUVUVQHH  KP WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP 'TJCNVWPIU\WUV·PFGP &C\W \YGK   (KPIGTTKPIGWPFXKGT2CVTQPGP 5VÒEM++++p++++++



&KGUGU-QPXQNWVUQNNVGWPDGFKPIVXQT#DICDGGKPGU)GDQVGUDGUKEJVKIVYGTFGP



$WEJ *Q[QU /CZ )TCH 2GFTQU [ 2CDNQU OKV 9KFOWPI XQP * )ÌTKPI (NKGIGP  'TNGDGP    -·ORHGPKP5RCPKGP/ÒPEJGP5GKVGPOKV\CJNTGKEJGPUY2JQVQUIGDWPFGPOKVQTKIKPCNGT JCPFUEJTKHVNKEJGT9KFOWPI(ÒTVTGWG&KGPUVGKP-TKGIU\GKVGP,WNHGUV)ÌTKPI ++ $WEJÒDGTFKG'TNGDPKUUGFGU1DGTNGWVPCPVU/CZ)TCH*Q[QUCNU(NKGIGTFGT.GIKQP%QPFQTKOURCPKUEJGP$ÒTIGT MTKGIXQPDKU*Q[QUYCT6T·IGTFGU5RCPKGPMTGW\GUKP)QNFOKV$TKNNCPVGP+PVGTGUUCPVCWEJJKPUKEJVNKEJ FGTJCPFUEJTKHVNKEJGP9KFOWPIFGUUR·VGTGP4GKEJUOCTUEJCNNU*GTOCPP)ÌTKPI

182




DDR (1949-1990)

ex 8320

&'765%*'54'+%* #75(ª*470)  

-QPXQNWV XQP CEJV GPVPC\KHK\KGTVGP QFGT GT 'JTGP\GKEJGP &CXQP GPVPC\KHK\KGTV 5RCPIG    \WO '- +  \YGK '- ++  GKP UEJYCT\GU 8GTYWPFGVGPCD\GKEJGP 8GTUEJKGFGPG /GVCNNG KP   WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP'TJCNVWPIGPVGKNYGKUGCP0CFGNPGKPGUCO$CPF 5VÒEM+++8



8321

&'765%*'&'/1-4#6+5%*'4'27$.+-   

8CVGTN·PFKUEJGT 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP )QNFUVWHG  #WUICDG $WPVOGVCNN &GMQTCVKQP OKV PKEJVNÌUDCTGT   8GTDKPFWPI\WT6TCIGURCPIG $WPVOGVCNNXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCP6TCIGURCPIGFKGUG CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG XGTUEJTCWDV \WUCOOGP OKV +PVGTKOUURCPIG CWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVGXGTUEJTCWDVKOIGND YGK­GP'VWK$#E-&1 ++



+PFKGUGT#WUHÒJTWPIPKEJVJ·WHKI\WHKPFGPFCNCWV$CTVGNUQPWTEC\YGK,CJTGXGTNKGJGP

8322





ex 8323

0CVKQPCNRTGKUFGT&GWVUEJGP&GOQMTCVKUEJGP4GRWDNKM#WUICDG $WPVOGVCNN $WPV OGVCNN XGTIQNFGV CP 6TCIGURCPIG \WUCOOGP OKV +PVGTKOUURCPIG KO TQVGP 'VWK $# J   -&1 +p++



-NGKPG 5COONWPI XQP EC  1TFGP 'JTGP\GKEJGP WPF #D\GKEJGP 7PVGT XKGNGP CPFGTGP 8CVGT   N·PFKUEJGT8GTFKGPUVQTFGPKP5KNDGT XGTUKNDGTV WPF$TQP\G1TFGP$CPPGTFGT#TDGKV 5VWHGP #TVWT $GEMGT/GFCKNNG  5VWHGP  6JGQFQT 0GWDCWGT/GFCKNNG  5VWHGP  ,QJ *GKPTKEJ 2GUVCNQ\\K/GFCKNNG  

5VWHGP 'JTGP\GKEJGPFGT&GWVUEJGP8QNMURQNK\GK/GFCKNNGHÒTNCPIL·JTKIG2HNKEJVGTHÒNNWPI\WT5V·T MWPI FGT .CPFGUXGTVGKFKIWPI FGT &GWVUEJGP &GOQMTCVKUEJGP 4GRWDNKM  5VWHGP  /GFCKNNG HÒT VTGWG   &KGPUVG KP FGP -CORHVTWRRGP FGT #TDGKVGTMNCUUG  5VWHGP  2CDNQ 0GTWFC/GFCKNNG 8GTUEJKGFGPG   /GVCNNG VGKNU XGTIQNFGV QFGT XGTUKNDGTV VGKNU GOCKNNKGTV QFGT NCEMKGTV VGKNU CP 2GPVCIQPCN$CPFURCPIGP   6TCIGURCPIGPQFGT0CFGNVGKNUOKV+PVGTKOUURCPIGPVGKNUKP'VWKU-WPUVUVQHHQFGT2CRRUEJCEJVGNP&C\W GKPG\YGKTGKJKIG#EJVGT+PVGTKOUURCPIGCWU2CRKGTCP0CFGNUQYKG\YGK7TMWPFGP 5VÒEM++

 183


BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND

8324 (1:1)

$70&'54'27$.+-&'765%*.#0& 5'+6  1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP FGT $WPFGUTGRWDNKM &GWVUEJNCPF WPF KJTGT $WPFGUN·PFGT GDGPUQ YKG FGTGP   /KPKCVWTGP$CPFUVGIG-PQRHNQEJUEJNGKHGPWPF$CPFUEJPCNNGPFÒTHGPIGO·­h#DU)GUGV\ÒDGT 6KVGN 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP PWT CP $GTGEJVKIVG CDIGIGDGP YGTFGP #NU $GTGEJVKIVG IGNVGP JKGTDGK   PGDGP FGP $GNKGJGPGP CWEJ CNNG FKGLGPKIGP 2GTUQPGP FKG KO $GUKV\ GKPGT 5COOGNIGPGJOKIWPI UKPF   &KGUG5COOGNIGPGJOKIWPIGTVGKNVCWH#PHTCIGFKGLGYGKNU\WUV·PFKIG$GJÌTFG &KG<WUV·PFKIMGKVKUVKP FGPGKP\GNPGP$WPFGUN·PFGTPWPVGTUEJKGFNKEJIGTGIGNV &KG'TVGKNWPIGKPGTUQNEJGP)GPGJOKIWPIMCPP IGO·­FGU-QOOGPVCTU\WO)GUGV\VXQPFGT\WUV·PFKIGP$GJÌTFGPWTDGK8QTNKGIGPUEJYGTYKGIGPFGT )TÒPFGXGTYGKIGTVYGTFGP/KVGKPGO)GDQVCWH1TFGPWPF'JTGP\GKEJGPFGT$WPFGUTGRWDNKMWPFKJTGT $WPFGUN·PFGT XGTUKEJGTV FGT $KGVGTKOQTFPWPIUIGO·­GP$GUKV\GKPGTUQNEJGP5COOGNIGPGJOKIWPI\W UGKP 

8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGT $WPFGUTGRWDNKM &GWVUEJNCPF 5GV FGU )TQ­MTGW\GU UGKV  #WUHÒJTWPI HÒT   *GTTGP #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC 5VGKPJCWGT  .ÒEM .ÒFGPUEJGKF DGUVGJGPF CWU -NGKPQF \WO )TQ­   MTGW\$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOIGP·JVGP5EJWNVGTDCPFHÒT*GTTGPOKVGKPIGYQDGPGP DKUKP FKG GT ,CJTG  $WPFGUCFNGTP WPF $TWUVUVGTP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN FKGUG OKV   *GTUVGNNGTRWP\G5V.FGT(KTOC5VGKPJCWGT.ÒEMWPF5KNDGTRWP\G\WUCOOGPOKV4GXGTUCD \GKEJGPOKV#WHNCIGFKGUGKOUGRCTCVGP5EJ·EJVGNEJGPKOQTKIKPCNGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWKFGT(KTOC5VGKP JCWGT.ÒEMOKVIQNFHCTDGPGO$WPFGUCFNGT-&1 ++ &GT8GTFKGPUVQTFGPFGT$WPFGUTGRWDNKM&GWVUEJNCPF CWEJ$WPFGUXGTFKGPUVQTFGPIGPCPPV YWTFGXQP$WPFGURT·UK FGPV2TQH&T6JGQFQT*GWUU  OKV'TNC­XQO5GRVGODGT XGTÌHHGPVNKEJVKO$WPFGUIGUGV\DNCVV+ XQP5 CNU\WP·EJUVHÒPHUVWHKIGT )TQ­MTGW\)TQ­GU8GTFKGPUVMTGW\OKV5VGTP)TQ­GU8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\WPF8GTFKGPUVMTGW\CO$CPF CNNIGOGKPGT8GTFKGPUVQTFGPIGUVKHVGV/KV'TNC­XQO,WPKÒDGT FKG'TI·P\WPIFGU5VCVWVUFGU8GTFKGPUVQTFGPUFGT$WPFGUTGRWDNKM&GWVUEJNCPFYWTFGFCU8GTFKGPUVMTGW\OKV5VGTP WPF5EJWNVGTDCPFIGUVKHVGVWPFFKG6TCIGYGKUGFGU)TQ­GP8GTFKGPUVMTGW\GUOKV5VGTP /QFGNN IG·PFGTV#O 5GRVGODGTGTHQNIVGHQTONQUFWTEJ8GTNGKJWPIFKG'KPHÒJTWPIFGU8GTFKGPUVMTGW\GUCO$CPFGHÒT#PIGUVGNNVG WPF#TDGKVGTFGTHTGKGP9KTVUEJCHVFKGGKPGOWPFFGOUGNDGP&KGPUVJGTTP#TDGKVIGDGTQFGT$GVTKGD,CJTGNCPIKP 6TGWGIGFKGPVJCDGP 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\HÒT#TDGKVULWDKNCTGņ/QFGNN /KV'TNC­XQO&G\GODGTÒDGTFKG 0GWHCUUWPIFGU5VCVWVUFGU8GTFKGPUVQTFGPUFGT$WPFGUTGRWDNKM&GWVUEJNCPFYWTFGPFKG5QPFGTUVWHGFGU)TQ­MTGW \GUWPFFKG8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNGIGUVKHVGVFKG)TÌ­GFGT5QPFGTUVWHGFGU)TQ­MTGW\GUHÒT&COGPWPFFGU)TQ­MTGW\GU HÒT&COGPIG·PFGTV5EJWNVGTD·PFGTHÒT&COGPHÒTFKG5QPFGTUVWHGFGU)TQ­MTGW\GUHÒTFCU)TQ­MTGW\WPFHÒTFCU )TQ­G 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ OKV 5VGTP WPF 5EJWNVGTDCPF GKPG UQIGPCPPVG ōITQ­GP &COGPUEJNGKHGŋ HÒT FCU )TQ­G 8GT   FKGPUVMTGW\OKV5VGTPWPFFCU)TQ­G8GTFKGPUVMTGW\WPFGKPGUQIGPCPPVGōMNGKPGP&COGPUEJNGKHGŋHÒTFCU$WPFGU XGTFKGPUVMTGW\ CO $CPFG GKPIGHÒJTV WPF FCU 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ KP 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\  -NCUUG WODGPCPPV #O  /CK   GTHQNIVGHQTONQUFWTEJ8GTNGKJWPIFKG'KPHÒJTWPIFGT$CPFURCPIGōŋHÒTFCU8GTFKGPUVMTGW\HÒT#TDGKVULW DKNCTGWPFYWTFGHÒTFKGUG5VWHGHQTONQUFCU$CPFFGT$WPFGUXGTFKGPUVOGFCKNNGGKPIGHÒJTV/KV'TNC­XQO &G\GODGT  YWTFG W C FKG 8GTNGKJWPI FGU 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\GU HÒT #TDGKVULWDKNCTG GKPIGUVGNNV FCU UQOKV OKV   &CVWOXQO5GRVGODGTXGTNKGJGPYQTFGPYCT9QJNWOGTHQNIVGFKGHQTONQUGPFGTWPIFGT)TÌ­GFGU 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\GU  -NCUUG HÒT &COGP WPF FGU 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\GU CO $CPFG HÒT &COGP)GIGPY·TVKI XGTHÒIV FGT   $WPFGUXGTFKGPUVQTFGPÒDGTPGWP5VWHGP5QPFGTUVWHG\WO)TQ­MTGW\)TQ­MTGW\KPDGUQPFGTGT#WUHÒJTWPI)TQ­ MTGW\ )TQ­GU 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ OKV 5VGTP WPF 5EJWNVGTDCPF )TQ­GU 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ OKV 5VGTP )TQ­GU 8GTFKGPUV   MTGW\8GTFKGPUVMTGW\-NCUUG8GTFKGPUVMTGW\CO$CPFGWPF8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG<WT)GUEJKEJVGFGU1TFGPUWPF UGKPGT'PVYKEMNWPIXIN)GKIGT4QNH.KPFPGT,ÒTIGPWPF9ÌTPGT(TCPM,CJTG8GTFKGPUVQTFGPFGT$WPFGUTG RWDNKM&GWVUEJNCPF+P1TFGPWPF'JTGP\GKEJGP&CU/CIC\KPHÒT5COONGTWPF(QTUEJGT,CJTICPI*GHV #WIWUV5HH

184




BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND

8326 8325







8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGT $WPFGUTGRWDNKM &GWVUEJNCPF $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­GP 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ OKV 5VGTP  

UGKV #PHGTVKIWPIFGT(KTOC5VGKPJCWGT.ÒEM.ÒFGPUEJGKF\YKUEJGPECWPFEC 5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVVGKNYGKUGGOCKNNKGTVCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG\YGKHCEJIGPKGVGVCP0CFGNFKGUGOKV*GTUVGN NGTRWP\G 5V. WPF 5KNDGTRWP\G\WUCOOGPOKV-PQRHNQEJUEJNGKHGOKV#WHNCIGCP-PQRHKO QTKIKPCNGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWKFGT(KTOC5VGKPJCWGT.ÒEMOKVIQNFHCTDGPGO$WPFGUCFNGT ++



8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGT $WPFGUTGRWDNKM &GWVUEJNCPF )TQ­GU 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ CWEJ )TQ­GU $WPFGUXGT   FKGPUVMTGW\ IGPCPPV #WUHÒJTWPI HÒT *GTTGP #PHGTVKIWPI FGT (KTOC % ' ,WPEMGT KP $GTNKP $TQP\G   XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO IGP·JVGP *CNUDCPF OKV -NGOOUEJNKG­G \WUCOOGP OKV -PQRHNQEJUEJNGKHG   OKV #WHNCIG KO QTKIKPCNGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK FGT (KTOC % ' ,WPEMGT KP $GTNKP OKV IQNFHCTDGPGO $WP   FGUCFNGT ++



8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGT $WPFGUTGRWDNKM &GWVUEJNCPF 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\   D\Y 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\   +-NCUUG UGKV CWEJ$WPFGUXGTFKGPUVMTGW\-NCUUGIGPCPPVUGKV#WUHÒJTWPIPWTHÒT*GT TGP#PHGTVKIWPIFGT(KTOC5VGKPJCWGT.ÒEM.ÒFGPUEJGKF\YKUEJGPCWUFGPGT,CJTGP$TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV MNGKPGT 'OCKNNGUEJCFGP KP GKPGO -TGW\CTOGP 0CFGN \WUCOOGP OKV \YGK   -PQRHNQEJUEJNGKHGPOKV#WHNCIGPKOQTKIKPCNGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWKFGT(KTOC5VGKPJCWGT.ÒEMOKVIQNF HCTDGPGO$WPFGUCFNGT\WUCOOGPOKVFGT8GTNGKJWPIUWTMWPFGHÒT&T+PI-CTN)ÒPVJGTFCVKGTV$QPP CO  #RTKN  OKV 2T·IGUKGIGN WPF 1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV XQP $WPFGURT·UKFGPV 6JGQFQT *GWUU KP   IQNFGPDGFTWEMVGT2CRROCRRG-&1 ++p+++



ex 8328







8330

-QPXQNWV XQP EC  1TFGP 'JTGP WPF #D\GKEJGP UQYKG EC  5VQHHCD\GKEJGP &CTWPVGT )TQ­GU   $WPFGUXGTFKGPUVMTGW\ CO *CNUDCPF $WPFGUXGTFKGPUVMTGW\ CO $CPF $WPFGUYGJT'KPUCV\OGFCKNNGP   WUY KP XGTUEJKGFGPGP /GVCNNGP WPF KP WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP 'TJCNVWPIGP LGFQEJ XQTYKGIGPF <WUVCPF ++   VGKNUCP0CFGN 5VÒEM++++p+++



5COONWPI XQP EC  5VQHH'HHGMVGP FGT $WPFGUYGJT 8QTYKGIGPF FGU *GGTGU WPF FGT /CTKPG   1HHK\KGTU WPF /CPPUEJCHVUCWUHÒJTWPIGP UQYKG  /GVCNNCD\GKEJGP &WTEJYGIU KP QTFGPVNKEJGT 'TJCN   VWPIITÌ­VGPVGKNUU[UVGOCVKUEJKP-NCTUKEJVJÒNNGPIGQTFPGV 5VÒEM++



$C[GTKUEJGT 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP XGTNKGJGPG UR·VGTG #WUHÒJTWPIOKVINCVVGP-TGW\CTOT·PFGTP5KNDGTXGT IQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCO*CNUDCPF\WUCOOGPOKVMNGKPGTWPFITQ­GT4GXGTUTQUGVVGKOQTKIKPCNGP8GT NGKJWPIUGVWKFGT(KTOC)GDT*GOOGTNGKP/ÒPEJGP5. ++

 185


DEUTSCHLAND - UNBEKANNTE ORDEN

8334

8331

8335

8333

8332

/'%-.'0$74)81421//'40$70&'5.#0& 5'+6  

8GTFKGPUVQTFGPFGU.CPFGU/GEMNGPDWTI8QTRQOOGTP8GTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOIGP·JVGP*CNU DCPF\WUCOOGPOKV4GXGTUPCFGNKO1TKIKPCNGVWK5. +p++



0+'&'45#%*5'0$70&'5.#0& 5'+6   

0KGFGTU·EJUKUEJGT8GTFKGPUVQTFGP)TQ­GU8GTFKGPUVMTGW\HÃ&#x2019;T*GTTGP#WUHÃ&#x2019;JTWPIOKVPKEJVGOCKN NKGTVGT4Ã&#x2019;EMUGKVGXGTUKNDGTVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCO*CNUDCPFCDUEJPKVV5.XCT ++ 4GVVWPIUOGFCKNNG5KNDGTKO4CPFRWP\KGTVCO$CPF5. ++

 

014&4*'+09'56(#.'0$70&'5.#0& 5'+6  



8GTFKGPUVQTFGP FGU .CPFGU 0QTFTJGKP9GUVHCNGP 8GTUKNDGTV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CP 0CFGN \WUCOOGP   OKV-PQRHNQEJCD\GKEJGPKOQTKIKPCNGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK5. ++

4*'+0.#0&2(#.<$70&'5.#0& 5'+6 

4GVVWPIUOGFCKNNG'TUVG#WUHÃ&#x2019;JTWPI DKU 5KNDGTCO$CPFKO1TKIKPCNGVWK5.

++





8337 8338

5#%*5'0(4'+56##6 5'+6  

8336

5·EJUKUEJG 8GTHCUUWPIUOGFCKNNG 0KEJV VTCIDCT 5KNDGT  I   &WTEJOGUUGT  OOKO4CPF RWP\KGTVWPF)KO1TKIKPCNGVWKQJPG4GXGTUOKPKCVWT5. ++



&'765%*.#0&70$'-#006'14&'070&'*4'0<'+%*'0 

7PDGMCPPVG#WU\GKEJPWPI$TQP\GXGTUKNDGTVOKVCWHIGNGIVGO(KUEJ $CTDG CPMTCWUGT'KPGT1TFGPU UEJPCNNG ++



$TWUVUVGTP GKPGU WPDGMCPPVGP YQJN FGWVUEJGP 1TFGPU 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF VGKNYGKUG GOCKNNKGTV   CP0CFGN ++



-WTKQU8KGNNGKEJVGKPG#WU\GKEJPWPIHÃ&#x2019;T5RQTVHKUEJGT

 186


DEUTSCHLAND - MINIATUREN

&'765%*.#0&/+0+#674'0 

-QPXQNWVXQPEC#WU\GKEJPWPIUOKPKCVWTGPWPF4GXGTUUEJNGKHEJGP7CCWU*CODWTI2TGW ­GP /GEMNGPDWTI5EJYGTKP FGO &GWVUEJGP 4GKEJ XQP  FCTWPVGT XKGT OKV 9KGFGTJQNWPIU   URCPIG \WO '- ++   WPF FGT $WPFGUTGRWDNKM &GWVUEJNCPF +P XGTUEJKGFGPGP /GVCNNGP KP WPVGT   UEJKGFNKEJGP'TJCNVWPIGPVGKNUCP0CFGNPOKV5RNKPVGPQFGTOKV¤UGP 5VÒEM++



8340

&'765%*.#0&14&'055%*0#..'0 

)TQ­G 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG OKV FTGK #WU\GKEJPWPIGP   *GUUGP-CUUGN -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G    HÒT -·ORHGT   9GUVHCNGP   1TFGP FGT 9GUVH·NKUEJGP -TQPG 4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP  -NCUUG   5KNDGT VGKNYGKUG GOCKNNKGTV OGJTGTG 'OCKNNGCWUDTÒEJG KP FGT -TQPG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC   $KGPPCKU KP 2CTKU   'JTGPNGIKQP  /QFGNN  #WUHÒJTWPI OKV -TQPG    4KVVGTFGMQTC   VKQP 5KNDGT /GFCKNNQPU )QNF GOCKNNKGTV OGJTGTG OKP 'OCKNNGCDRNCV\WPIGP FKG -TQPG PKEJV ICP\   V[RKUEJ#P0CFGNKO·NVGTGPLGFQEJUR·VGTGP'VWKOKVRCUUGPFGT'KPNCIG 44++ 

$GFGWVGPFG WPF KP FKGUGT (QTO UGJT UGNVGPG HTÒJG WPF KP CNNGP 6GKNGP QTKIKPCNG \GKVIGPÌUUKUEJ IGHGTVKIVG 1TFGPU   UEJPCNNG GKPGU GJGOCNU KP MÌPKINKEJ YGUVH·NKUEJGP WPF UR·VGT KP MWTHÒTUVNKEJG JGUUKUEJGP &KGPUVGP UVGJGPFGP 1HHK   \KGTUFGTPCEJCWEJPQEJFKG4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQPFGT'JTGPNGIKQPGTJCNVGPJCV

8341 (1:2)



)TQ­GMTCWUG1TFGPUUEJPCNNGXQP&T*CPU-KEMVQPOKVXQPWTURTÒPINKEJ#WU\GKEJPWPIGP   2TGW­GP 'KUGTPGU -TGW\ #WUICDG  -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG 2TGW­GP-ÌPKINKEJGT-TQPGP1TFGP /QFGNN OKVITQ­GTRTGW­KUEJGT-ÌPKIUMTQPGKO#XGTUOGFCKNNQPUGKVEC -TGW\-NCUUGOKV 5EJYGTVGTP COYGK­GP$CPFOKVIGRT·IVGPWPFGKPIGUEJTCWDVGP5EJYGTVGTP *CODWTI*CPUGCVGP MTGW\ &GWVUEJGU4GKEJ5ÒFYGUVCHTKMC&GPMOÒP\GHÒT-·ORHGTOKV5VGORGNUEJPGKFGTUKIPCVWT 5%*7.6<OKV)GHGEJVUURCPIGP-#.#*#4+WPF)41550#/#.#0& &GWVUEJGU4GKEJ $CPF FGU 'JTGPMTGW\GU HÒT (TQPVM·ORHGT FCU 'JTGP\GKEJGP HGJNV    2TGW­GP &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPIU   MTGW\ HÒT &KGPUVLCJTGFGT1HHK\KGTG 2TGW­GP4QVG-TGW\/GFCKNNG-NCUUG$TQP\G ¤UVGT TGKEJ(TCP\,QUGRJQTFGP4KVVGTMTGW\$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTV 1UOCPKUEJGU4GKEJ.K[CMCV /GFCKNNGKP5KNDGT5KNDGTOKV5EJYGTVGT$CPFURCPIG 1UOCPKUEJGU4GKEJ5KNDGTPG/GFCKNNG XQO 4QVGP *CNDOQPF 5KNDGT   1UOCPKUEJGU 4GKEJ 1UOCPKG1TFGP &GMQTCVKQP  -NCUUG 5KNDGT   XGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTV#P0CFGNOCPEJG$GHGUVKIWPIGPGVYCUNQUGKO)GUCOVGPGVYCUXGTUEJOWV\V &C\W /KPKCVWTCPUVGEMPCFGN OKV '-+ *CPUGCVGPMTGW\ WPF (TQPVM·ORHGTMTGW\ #PIGDQVGP OKV XKGT   7TMWPFGPFGU6T·IGTU 2CVGPV\WO1DGTCT\VFGT5EJWV\VTWRRGPKP5ÒFYGUVCHTKMCFCVKGTV*QJGP\QNNGTP CO,WNKOKVITQ­GO2T·IGUKGIGN 2CVGPV\WO5VCDUCT\VFGT5EJWV\VTWRRGKP5ÒFYGUVCHTKMC FCVKGTV$GTNKPCO,WPKOKV1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHV-CKUGT9KNJGNOU++ $GUVCNNWPI\WO4GIKG TWPIU/GFK\KPCNTCVKO8GTUQTIWPIUYGUGPFCVKGTV$GTNKPCO#WIWUVOKV1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHVGP XQP4GKEJURT·UKFGPV'DGTVWPF4GKEJUCTDGKVUOKPKUVGT&T$TCWPU 'PVNCUUWPIUWTMWPFGFCVKGTV$GTNKP CO,WPK1TKIKPCNWPVGTUEJTKHVGPXQP4GKEJURT·UKFGPVXQP*KPFGPDWTIWPFXQP4GKEJUCTDGKVUOK PKUVGT&T$TCWPU,GYGKNUFQRRGNVIGHCNVGV 5VÒEM4++  5GJTUEJÌPG1TFGPUUEJPCNNGGKPGU-QNQPKCNCT\VGUKP&GWVUEJ5ÒFYGUVCHTKMCOKVGKPGTUGNVGPGP8GTNGKJWPIFGU-TQ PGPQTFGPU-NCUUGOKV5EJYGTVGTPCOYGK­GP$CPFFGTY·JTGPFFGU'TUVGP9GNVMTKGIUYQJNCWHFGO6GTTKVQTKWO FGU1UOCPKUEJGP4GKEJGUKO'KPUCV\YCT

187


DEUTSCHLAND - ORDENSSCHNALLEN

8342 (1:2)



)TQ­GMTCWUG1TFGPUUEJPCNNGFGU-ÌPKINKEJ$C[GTKUEJGP*QHMQP\GTVOGKUVGTU$TWPQ#JPGTKPDC[G TKUEJGT#PQTFPWPIOKV#WU\GKEJPWPIGP $C[GTP8GTFKGPUVQTFGPXQOJGKNKIGP/KEJCGN-TGW\  -NCUUG   5KNDGT 'OCKNNG   $C[GTP -ÌPKI .WFYKI -TGW\     $C[GTP )QNFGPG   *QEJ\GKVU,WDKN·WOUOGFCKNNG   <KPM   $C[GTP )QNFGPG .WFYKIUOGFCKNNG HÒT 9KUUGPUEJCHVWPF -WPUV  5KNDGTXGTIQNFGV   $C[GTP2TKP\TGIGPV.WKVRQNF/GFCKNNGKP5KNDGTOKV-TQPG    2TGW­GP-ÌPKINKEJGT-TQPGPQTFGP/QFGNN EC -TGW\-NCUUG$TQP\GXGTIQNFGV /GFCKNNQPU )QNF 'OCKNNG   *GUUGP &CTOUVCFV  )TQ­JGT\QINKEJ *GUUKUEJGT 2JKNKRRU1TFGP CD    /QFGNN OKV$TWUVDKNFņ 4KVVGTMTGW\-NCUUG CD )QNF'OCKNNG #P JCNV*GT\QINKEJ#PJCNVKUEJGT*CWUQTFGP#NDTGEJVFGU$·TGP4KVVGT\GKEJGP-NCUUG5KNDGTXGTIQNFGV  #PJCNV8GTFKGPUVQTFGPHÒT9KUUGPUEJCHVWPF-WPUV/QFGNN QXCNOKV<CEMGPMTCP\ņ  $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV   /GEMNGPDWTI5EJYGTKP .CPFYGJT&KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI  /QFGNN /GFCKNNG ņ     -WRHGT4ÒEMUGKVKIGU#DFGEMVWEJ\GTUEJNKUUGPCP0CFGN 5VÒEM++  2T·EJVKIG KP CNNGP 6GKNGP QTKIKPCNG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG KP JGTXQTTCIGPFGT 'TJCNVWPI &GT 8KQNKPXKTVWQUG $TWPQ #JPGT   YWTFG CO  #WIWUV  KP &TGUFGP IGDQTGP YQ GT 5EJWNG WPF -QPUGTXCVQTKWO DGUWEJVG 8QP  DKU    YKTMVGGTCNU-QP\GTVOGKUVGTKP(TCPMHWTVC/FCPPDKUKP-CTNUTWJG8QPFQTVYWTFGGTCNU)TQ­JGT\QINK EJGT*QHMQP\GTVOGKUVGTPCEJ5EJYGTKPDGTWHGPYQGTDKUXGTDNKGDHQNIVGGTGKPGO4WHCPFKG9KGPGT *QHQRGT DKU XQPYQGTCPFKG*QHQRGTPCEJ/ÒPEJGPIKPIYQGTUEJNKG­NKEJ\WO-IN$C[GTKUEJGP*QHMQP \GTVOGKUVGTGTPCPPVYWTFG#WEJPCEJFGO'PFGUGKPGTDGTWHNKEJGP6·VKIMGKVXGTDNKGDGTKP/ÒPEJGPWPFUVCTDFQTV CO,CPWCT

8343 (1:2)



)TQ­G MTCWUG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG OKV HÒPH #WU\GKEJPWPIGP WPF \WIGJÌTKIGT(GNFUEJPCNNG 2TGW­GP 'KUGTPGU -TGW\ #WUICDG  -TGW\  -NCUUG   $C[GTP /KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVQTFGP -TGW\  -NCUUG   OKV 5EJYGTVGTP #WUHÒJTWPI OKV DTGKVGO 4CPF FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG FGU WPVGTGP -TGW\CTOU 5KNDGT   &GWV   UEJGU4GKEJ'JTGPMTGW\FGU9GNVMTKGIGUHÒT(TQPVM·ORHGT $CFGP.CPFYGJT&KGPUVCWU \GKEJPWPI  /QFGNN   /GFCKNNG   2TGW­GP <GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG   4ÒEMUGKVKIG #D   FGEMWPIGTPGWGTVCP0CFGN 5VÒEM++



8344 (1:2)



)TQ­GMTCWUG1TFGPUUEJPCNNGOWVOC­NKEJFGUDC[GTKUEJGP1HHK\KGTU*CPU8ÌNMXQODC[GTKUEJGP (GNFCTVKNNGTKG4GIKOGPV OKV UGEJU #WU\GKEJPWPIGP   2TGW­GP 'KUGTPGU -TGW\ #WUICDG    -TGW\  -NCUUG   $C[GTP /KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVQTFGP -TGW\  -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP )QNF   &GWV   UEJGU 4GKEJ 'JTGPMTGW\ FGU 9GNVMTKGIGU  HÒT (TQPVM·ORHGT   $C[GTP /KNKV·T8GTFKGPUV   QTFGP-TGW\-NCUUG QJPG5EJYGTVGT 5KNDGT/GFCKNNQPU)QNF $C[GTP,WDKN·WOUOGFCKNNGHÒTFKG DC[GTKUEJG#TOGGKP$TQP\G /KNKV·T&KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPIUMTGW\HÒT::+8,CJTG#P0CFGN  5VÒEM++  5GJTUEJÌPGDC[GTKUEJG1HHK\KGTUUEJPCNNGKPDGUVGT'TJCNVWPI

188


DEUTSCHLAND - ORDENSSCHNALLEN

8345 (1:2)



)TQ­G 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG GKPGU DC[TKUEJGP 7PVGTQHHK\KGTU OKV UKGDGP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP   $C[GTP   /KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ FGU /KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVQTFGPU  /QFGNN   /KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVMTGW\   -NCUUGOKV-TQPGWPF5EJYGTVGTPXGTUKNDGTVVGKNYGKUGGOCKNNKGTV 2TGW­GP'KUGTPGU-TGW\#WU ICDG  -TGW\  -NCUUG   $C[GTP 2TKP\TGIGPV .WKVRQNFOGFCKNNG KP $TQP\G   $C[GTP )QNFGPG   *QEJ\GKVU,WDKN·WOUOGFCKNNG   <KPM   9GKOCTGT 4GRWDNKM -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G  FGU   4GKEJUMTKGIGTDWPFGU-[HHJ·WUGT $C[GTP&KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI/GFCKNNGHÒT+:&KGPUVLCJTG ¤UVGT TGKEJ )QNFGPGU8GTFKGPUVMTGW\OKVFGT-TQPG$TQP\GXGTIQNFGV4ÒEMUGKVKIG#DFGEMWPIGTPGWGTVCP 0CFGN 5VÒEM++



8346 (1:2)



)TQ­G INCVVG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG OKV HÒPH CPJ·PIGPFGP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP   $C[GTP /KNKV·T8GTFKGPUV   OGFCKNNG D\Y CD   6CRHGTMGKVUOGFCKNNG  /QFGNN OKV 2QTVTCKV XQP -ÌPKI /CZ + ,QUGRJ  CD      #WUHÒJTWPI ITÌ­GTGT -QRH OKV 5VGORGNUEJPGKFGTUKIPCVWT ,4+'5 EC  5KN   DGTPG /GFCKNNG &WTEJOGUUGT  OO 5KNDGT  I OKV PGWGO $CPFTKPI    2TGW­GP 'KUGTPGU   -TGW\#WUICDG-TGW\++-NCUUG'KFGPMGTPIGUEJY·T\V<CTIG5KNDGT 2TGW­GP-TKGIUFGPM OÒP\G  HÒT -·ORHGT OKV 4CPFRT·IWPI WPF XKGT )GHGEJVUURCPIGP 2#4+5 $'#7)'0%;   )4#8#06 14.'#05 WPF $'#7/106   $C[GTP #TOGGFGPM\GKEJGP     <GPVGPCT   OGFCKNNG  QJPGTÒEMUGKVKIG#DFGEMWPIOKV\YGK*CMGP\WO'KPJ·PIGP 5VÒEM++

8347 (1:2)







8348 (1:2)

)TQ­G MTCWUG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG OKV UGEJU #WU\GKEJPWPIGP   2TGW­GP 'KUGTPG -TGW\ #WUICDG    -TGW\-NCUUG'KUGPIGUEJY·T\V5KNDGT\CTIG *GUUGP &CTOUVCFV #NNIGOGKPGU'JTGP\GK EJGP  /QFGNN   /GFCKNNG (ÒT 6CRHGTMGKV 5KNDGT   &GWVUEJGU 4GKEJ 'JTGPMTGW\ FGU   9GNVMTKGIGUHÒT(TQPVM·ORHGTCWHFGO4GXGTU*GTUVGNNGTRWP\G,$ *GUUGP &CTO UVCFV  &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI  /QFGNN    -NCUUG HÒT  &KGPUVLCJTG FGT 7PVGTQHHK\KGTG   -WRHGT *GUUGP &CTOUVCFV #NNIGOGKPGU'JTGP\GKEJGP/QFGNN  /GFCKNNG(ÒT8GT FKGPUV 5KNDGT 4GXGTU \GKIV PCEJ XQTP    2TGW­GP -TQPGP1TFGP/GFCKNNG  #WUHÒJTWPI UGRCTCV   IGHGTVKIVG-TQPG #WHFGO4GXGTU*GTUVGNNGT'VKMGVVFGT(KTOC8KëVQTUEJG-WPUVCPUVCNVKP9KGUDCFGP CP0CFGN 5VÒEM++ )TQ­G MTCWUG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG OKV XKGT #WU\GKEJPWPIGP   2TGW­GP 'KUGTPG -TGW\ #WUICDG    -TGW\-NCUUG'KUGPIGUEJY·T\V5KNDGT\CTIG 9CNFGEM)QNFGPG8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNGOKV5EJYGTVGTP FGU 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\GU 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV 8GTIQNFWPI VGKNYGKUG XGTICPIGP  CO -TKGIUDCPF   2TGW­GP   .CPFYGJT&KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI  -NCUUG  /QFGNN   $TQP\G   9GKOCTGT 4GRWDNKM   -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\GFGU4GKEJUMTKGIGTDWPFGU-[HHJ·WUGT#P0CFGN0CFGNJCMGPCDIGDTQEJGP 5VÒEM++





.CWV 'HNGT '(95H KUVFKG)QNFGPG8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNGOKV5EJYGTVGTPY·JTGPFFGU'TUVGP9GNVMTKGIUXQP DKUPWTOCNXGTNKGJGPYQTFGP

189


DEUTSCHLAND - ORDENSSCHNALLEN

8349 (1:2) 8351







)TQ­G INCVVG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG OKV XKGT NQUG J·PIGPFGP WPF GKPGT HGUVGP #WU\GKEJPWPI   2TGW­GP   -TKGIUFGPMOÃ&#x2019;P\GHÃ&#x2019;T-·ORHGTOKV4CPFRT·IWPI#75'41$'46'/)'5%*7'6<OKV\YGK )GHGEJVUURCPIGP#0&'4.+5#+0'WPF564#55$74) $CFGP(GNFFKGPUV#WU\GKEJPWPI 2TGW­GP <GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG     $CFGP .CPFYGJT&KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI  /QFGNN 5EJPCNNG       $CFGP4GIKGTWPIULWDKN·WOUOGFCKNNG  $TQP\GPG/GFCKNNG1JPG4GXGTUUGKVKIG#DFGEMWPICP 0CFGN ++



)TQ­G INCVVG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG OKV XKGT NQUG J·PIGPFGP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP   2TGW­GP 'KUGTPG -TGW\   #WUICDG  -TGW\  -NCUUG 'KUGP IGUEJY·T\V 5KNDGT\CTIG KO 4KPI RWP\KGTV (4 YQJN HÃ&#x2019;T   (TKGFN·PFGTKP$GTNKP  9Ã&#x2019;TVVGODGTI/KNKV·TXGTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG/QFGNN OKV2QTVTCKVXQP9KNJGNO++  5KNDGTPG/GFCKNNG5KNDGTOKV5VGORGNUEJPGKFGT5KIPCVWT-5%*9'0<'4 9Ã&#x2019;TVVGO DGTI /KNKV·T &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI  /QFGNN   /GFCKNNG  -NCUUG #WUHÃ&#x2019;JTWPI   'KUGPIGUEJY·T\V &GWVUEJGU4GKEJ'JTGPMTGW\FGU9GNVMTKGIGUHÃ&#x2019;T(TQPVM·ORHGT CWHFGO4GXGTU*GTUVGNNGTRWP\G1$1JPG4GXGTUUGKVKIG#DFGEMWPICP0CFGN 5VÃ&#x2019;EM++



)TQ­G INCVVG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG OKV \YGK NQUG J·PIGPFGP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP   *CPPQXGT 9KNJGNOU   -TGW\HÃ&#x2019;T&KGPUVLCJTGFGT1HHK\KGTG$TQP\GQJPG8GTIQNFWPI *CPPQXGT.CPIGPUCN\C/GFCKNNG $TQP\GOKV4CPFKPUEJTKHV%*'&'.'41JPGTGXGTUUGKVKIG#DFGEMWPICP0CFGN 5VÃ&#x2019;EM++



8352





)TQ­G MTCWUG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG OKV FTGK #WU\GKEJPWPIGP   2TGW­GP 'KUGTPGU -TGW\ #WUICDG    -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG CO $CPFHÃ&#x2019;T0KEJVM·ORHGT 2TGW­GP-TKGIUFGPMOÃ&#x2019;P\GKP5VCJN HÃ&#x2019;T0KEJVM·ORHGT $CFGP(GNFFKGPUVCWU\GKEJWPIOKV$CPFURCPIG#P0CFGN ++



)TQ­G MTCWUG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG OKV HÃ&#x2019;PH #WU\GKEJPWPIGP   'KUGTPGU -TGW\ #WUICDG  -TGW\   ++-NCUUG<CTIG5KNDGTKO$CPFTKPIWPNGUGTNKEJRWP\KGTV 9GKOCTGT4GRWDNKM/GFCKNNGFGU$WPFGU &GWVUEJGT /CTKPG8GTGKPG HÃ&#x2019;T 6CRHGTMGKV KO 9GNVMTKGI   2TGW­GP &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI  /QFGNN  

   -NCUUG -TGW\ HÃ&#x2019;T :8 &KGPUVLCJTG -WRHGT   9GKOCTGT 4GRWDNKM -TKGIUFGPMOÃ&#x2019;P\G   FGT &GWVUEJGP 'JTGPNGIKQP OKV $GY·JTWPIUCD\GKEJGP   9GKOCTGT 4GRWDNKM 'JTGPMTGW\ 6TGW FGO   4GIKOGPVOKV$CPFURCPIG5/5/#45#P0CFGN 5VÃ&#x2019;EM++



*Ã&#x2019;DUEJG5EJPCNNGGKPGUDGY·JTVGP/CTKPG8GVGTCPGPFGU'TUVGP9GNVMTKGIU

190

8353 (1:2)


DEUTSCHLAND - ORDENSSCHNALLEN

8355 (1:2) 8354 (1:2)





)TQ­G MTCWUG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG OKV \YGK CPJ·PIGPFGP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP   $C[GTP -ÌPKITGKEJ   /KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ FGU /KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVQTFGPU  /QFGNN   -TGW\ QJPG 5EJYGTVGT   5KNDGT/GFCKNNQPU)QNFGOCKNNKGTVOGJTGTG%JKRUKPFGTDNCWGP'OCKNNG 2TGW­GP-TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G  HÒT -·ORHGT OKV 4CPFRT·IWPI OKV PGWP \WUCOOGPIGNÌVGVGP )GHGEJVUURCPIGP 9¤46*   9'+55'0$74) 5'&#0 2#4+5 .1+)0;21724;  $'#7/106 $'#7)'0%;   )4#8#06#0&'4.+5#+0'WPF#0&'4*#..7'#P0CFGN 5VÒEM4++p++



)TQ­G MTCWUG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG OKV XKGT DCFKUEJGP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP   )TQ­JGT\QINKEJGT 1TFGPXQO <·JTKPIGT.ÌYGP4KVVGTMTGW\-NCUUGOKV5EJYGTVGTP5KNDGTVGKNYGKUGXGTIQNFGVVGKNYGKUGGOCKNNKGTV )NCUHNW­'OCKNNGOCNGTGK -TKGIUXGTFKGPUVMTGW\-TKGIUOGVCNN (TKGFTKEJ.WKUGP/GFCKNNG 4GIKG TWPIULWDKN·WOU/GFCKNNGKP$TQP\G4ÒEMUGKVKIG5VQHHCDFGEMWPIGTPGWGTVCP0CFGN 5VÒEM++



8357 (1:2) 8356 (1:2)



)TQ­GINCVVG1TFGPUUEJPCNNGOKVUKGDGPCPJ·PIGPFGP#WU\GKEJPWPIGP $TCWPUEJYGKI-TKGIUXGT FKGPUVMTGW\CO$CPFHÒT-·ORHGT $TCWPUEJYGKI*GT\QINKEJ$TCWPUEJYGKIKUEJGT*CWUQTFGP*GKP TKEJFGU.ÌYGP8GTFKGPUVMTGW\-NCUUGCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVGRWP\KGTV/QPF-TQPG5 /GEMNGP DWTI5VTGNKV\ -TGW\ HÒT #WU\GKEJPWPI KO -TKGIG   -NCUUG $TQP\G XGTUKNDGTV CO PKEJV   MQTTGMVGP  $CPF FGT UEJYGTKPKUEJGP 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG (TKGFTKEJ (TCP\ ++ QFGT FGU (TKGFTKEJ (TCP\   #NGZCPFTC-TGW\GU .KRRG &GVOQNF (ÒTUVNKEJ.KRRKUEJGT*CWUQTFGP/QFGNN OKV/QPQITCOO .CD 'JTGPMTGW\-NCUUG++#DVGKNWPIOKV5EJYGTVGTP#PHGTVKIWPIXQP%(<KOOGTOCPP KP 2HQT\JGKO 5KNDGT 4QUG 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV VGKNYGKUG GOCKNNKGTV MCWO UKEJVDCTGT %JKR KP GKPGO   4QUGPDNCVV   1NFGPDWTI (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV-TGW\ ++-NCUUG'KUGPOKV4GUVUEJY·T\WPI 2TGW­GP <GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG 0KGFGTNCPFG$TQP\GOGFCKNNGHÒTVTGWGP&KGPUVKPFGT#TOGG/QFGNNOKV /QPQITCOO91JPGTÒEMUGKVKIG#DFGEMWPICP0CFGN 5VÒEM44++



/ÌINKEJGTYGKUG KUV FCU WTURTÒPINKEJ XQTJCPFGPG WPF XGTNQTGP IGICPIGPG UEJYGTKPKUEJ (TKGFTKEJ (TCP\#NGZCPFTC   -TGW\ H·NUEJNKEJGTYGKUG FWTEJ FCU UVTGNKV\KUEJG -TGW\ HÒT #WU\GKEJPWPI KO -TKGIG   -NCUUG GTUGV\V YQT   FGP$GKFGO'JTGPMTGW\-NCUUG++#DVGKNWPIOKV5EJYGTVGTPJCPFGNVGUUKEJWOGKP\YGKHGNUHTGKGU1TKIKPCNGZGO RNCT FCU NCWV 5EJYCTM KP 5- 5  0T DE  FGT (KTOC % ( <KOOGTOCPP KP 2HQT\JGKO CNU *GTUVGNNGT   \WIGYKGUGP MCPP FGT FKGUGU -TGW\G XQP  DKU  IGHGTVKIV JCV 'DGPHCNNU NCWV 5EJYCTM KP 5-   50TD UKPFXQO#WIWUVDKU0QXGODGTPWT'JTGPMTGW\G-NCUUG++#DVGKNWPI OKV5EJYGTVGTPXGTNKGJGPYQTFGP



)TQ­GMTCWUG1TFGPUUEJPCNNGOKVFTGK#WU\GKEJPWPIGP 2TGW­GP'KUGTPGU-TGW\#WUICDG -TGW\++-NCUUG<CTIG5KNDGT &GWVUEJGU4GKEJ'JTGPMTGW\FGU9GNVMTKGIGUHÒT(TQPV M·ORHGT   *GKNKIGT 5VWJN )QNFGPGU 'JTGPMTGW\ 2TQ 'EENGUKC GV 2QPVKHKEG XGTIQNFGV 4ÒEMUGKVKIG   5VQHHCDFGEMWPIGTPGWGTVCP0CFGN 5VÒEM++

 191


DEUTSCHLAND - ORDENSSCHNALLEN

8358 (1:2)





8359 (1:2)

)TQ­GMTCWUG1TFGPUUEJPCNNGOKVFTGK#WU\GKEJPWPIGP 2TGW­GP'KUGTPGU-TGW\#WUICDG -TGW\++-NCUUG<CTIG5KNDGT 9ÒTVVGODGTI/KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVQTFGP/QFGNN  4KVVGT MTGW\#PHGTVKIWPIFGT-ÌPKINKEJGP/ÒP\G5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVGKPKIG#DRNCV\WPIGPKPFGT ITÒPGP 'OCKNNG FGU TÒEMUGKVKIGP -TCP\GU $CPFTKPI GTI·P\V CWH FGO $CPF GOCKNNKGTVG .QTDGGTMTCP\    &GWVUEJGU4GKEJ'JTGPMTGW\FGU9GNVMTKGIGUHÒT(TQPVM·ORHGT#P0CFGN 5VÒEM++



)TQ­G MTCWUG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG OKV FTGK RTGW­KUEJGP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP   -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G    HÒT -·ORHGT QJPG 4CPFRT·IWPI   <GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG    &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI  /QFGNN     5EJPCNNGPRT·IWPIHÒTFKG-NCUUG$TQP\GXGTUKNDGTVVGKNYGKUGNCEMKGTV#P0CFGN 5VÒEM++



8361 (1:2)

8360 (1:2)





)TQ­G INCVVG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG OKV FTGK CPJ·PIGPFGP RTGW­KUEJGP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP   &ÒRRGNGT   5VWTOMTGW\QHHK\KGNNG#WUICDGCO$CPFHÒT-·ORHGT -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\GHÒT-·ORHGT OKV 4CPFRT·IWPI   -TKGIU&GPMOÒP\G  HÒT -·ORHGT RTGW­KUEJG #WUICDG OKV 4CPFRT·IWPI   1JPGTÒEMUGKVKIG#DFGEMWPICP0CFGN 5VÒEM++



)TQ­GMTCWUG1TFGPUUEJPCNNGOKVXKGT#WU\GKEJPWPIGP 2TGW­GP'KUGTPGU-TGW\#WUICDG -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG <CTIG 5KNDGT   *QJGP\QNNGTP (ÒTUVNKEJGT *CWUQTFGP XQP *QJGP\QNNGTP  /QFGNN  

UGKV   'JTGPMTGW\  -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP 5KNDGT VGKNYGKUG XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV   *CO   DWTI *CPUGCVGPMTGW\  XGTUKNDGTV WPF GOCKNNKGTV   2TGW­GP .CPFYGJT&KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI    /QFGNN    -NCUUG -WRHGT #WH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI FGT (KTOC 9KNJGNO   9GKNJCWUGPKP*CPPQXGTCP0CFGN 5VÒEM++



8362 (1:2)





8363 (1:2)

)TQ­GMTCWUG1TFGPUUEJPCNNGOKVXKGT#WU\GKEJPWPIGP *GUUGP &CTOUVCFV &KGPUVGJTGP\GKEJGP HÒT&KGPUVLCJTGHÒT7PVGTQHHK\KGTGWPF5QNFCVGP#WUICDGOKVCTCDKUEJGP<KHHGTP5KNDGT *GUUGP

&CTOUVCFV  -TKGIUGJTGP\GKEJGP   2TGW­GP <GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG    *GUUGP &CTOUVCFV    &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI/QFGNN  -TGW\HÒT:8&KGPUVLCJTG#P0CFGN 5VÒEM++



)TQ­GINCVVG1TFGPUUEJPCNNGOKVXKGTCPJ·PIGPFGP#WU\GKEJPWPIGP *GUUGP &CTOUVCFV #NNIG OGKPGU'JTGP\GKEJGP/QFGNN OKV-QRH'TPUV.WFYKIU /GFCKNNG(ª48'4&+'056' 5KNDGT   2TGW­GP 4QVG #FNGT/GFCKNNG  /QFGNN 5KNDGTPG /GFCKNNG OKV /QPQITCOO 9      5KNDGT CO $CPF FGU -ÌPKINKEJGP *CWUQTFGPU XQP *QJGP\QNNGTP   2TGW­GP -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G    HÒT-·ORHGTOKV4CPFRT·IWPI 2TGW­GP<GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG#P0CFGN ++



5CWGTYCNF WPF -NGPCW GTY·JPGP KP 24- 5  0T D  FKG 8GTNGKJWPI FGT 4QVG #FNGT/GFCKNNG CO$CPFFGU -ÌPKINKEJGP*CWUQTFGPUXQP*QJGP\QNNGTP

192


DEUTSCHLAND - ORDENSSCHNALLEN

8364 (1:2)



)TQ­G MTCWUG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG OKV XKGT RTGW­KUEJGP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP   #NNIGOGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP    -NCUUG #WUHÒJTWPI  5KNDGT   .CPFYGJT&KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI  /QFGNN      -NCUUG -WRHGT   -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G  HÒT -·ORHGT OKV 4CPFRT·IWPI   <GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG   #WHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPIFGT(KTOC,)QFGV5QJPKP$GTNKPCP0CFGN  5VÒEM++



8365 (1:2)



)TQ­G JGUUKUEJG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG OKV XKGT CPJ·PIGPFGP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP   )TQ­JGT\QINKEJ *GUUK   UEJGT 8GTFKGPUV1TFGP 2JKNKRRU FGU )TQ­OÒVJKIGP D\Y)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ*GUUKUEJGT2JKNKRRU1TFGP CD    /QFGNN   OKV FGT $ÒUVG FGU .CPFITCHGP 2JKNKRR  4KVVGTMTGW\ ++ -NCUUG OKV   5EJYGTVGTPCWHFGOTÒEMUGKVKIGP/GFCKNNQPTKPI.7&18+%75++/#)05KNDGT/GFCKNNQPU )QNF GOCKNNKGTV FGT .ÌYG CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG WPDGUEJ·FKIV FKG UKNDGTPGP 5EJYGTVGT OKVIQNFHCTDGPGP )TKHHGP  IGUEJTCWDV   *GUUGP &CTOUVCFV  &KGPUVGJTGP\GKEJGP HÒT  &KGPUVLCJTG HÒT 7PVGTQHHK\KGTG   WPF 5QNFCVGP  #WUICDG OKV CTCDKUEJGP <KHHGTP 5KNDGT   *GUUGP &CTOUVCFV  (GNFFKGPUV\GKEJGP     $CFGP)GF·EJVPKUOGFCKNNGHÒTDCFKUEJG#WUICDGOKV-CWHFGO#XGTU(·FGPCWHFGT4ÒEM UGKVGPKEJVHNWQTGU\KGTGPFQJPGTÒEMUGKVKIG#DFGEMWPICP0CFGN 5VÒEM44++



#WHITWPFFGU4KVVGTMTGW\GU++-NCUUGOKV5EJYGTVGTPFÒTHVGGUUKEJWOFKG5EJPCNNGGKPGU1HHK\KGTUJCPFGNP1DFCU OÌINKEJGTYGKUGWTURTÒPINKEJCPFGT5EJPCNNGDGHKPFNKEJG&KGPUVGJTGP\GKEJGPHÒT&KGPUVLCJTGHÒT1HHK\KGTGKP)QNF FWTEJFCULGPKIGHÒT7PVGTQHHK\KGTGWPF5QNFCVGPKP5KNDGTGTUGV\VYQTFGPKUVN·­VUKEJPKEJVHGUVUVGNNGP  <WT0KGFGTUEJNCIWPIFGTDCFKUEJGP4GXQNWVKQPXQPYWTFGPWPVGT(ÒJTWPI2TKP\9KNJGNOUXQP2TGW­GP   FGOUR·VGTGP-CKUGT9KNJGNO+PGDGPRTGW­KUEJGPCWEJNKGEJVGPUVGKPKUEJG  WPFIGIGPFGP9KFGTUVCPFFGT JGUUKUEJGP$GXÌNMGTWPICWEJJGUUKUEJG6TWRRGPPCEJ$CFGPGPVUCPFVFKGKPFGT(QNIG\GKVDKUWPVGTCPFGTGO CWEJFKG5VCFV-QPUVCP\DGUGV\VJKGNVGP

8366 (1:2)





8367 (1:2)

)TQ­G MTCWUG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG OKV FTGK #WU\GKEJPWPIGP   2TGW­GP 'KUGTPGU -TGW\ #WUICDG   -TGW\++-NCUUG<CTIG5KNDGT $CFGP)TQ­JGT\QINKEJGT1TFGPXQO<·JTKPIGT.ÌYGP4KVVGT MTGW\-NCUUGOKV5EJYGTVGTP5KNDGTVGKNYGKUGXGTIQNFGVVGKNYGKUGGOCKNNKGTV)NCUHNW­'OCKNNGOCNG TGK   &GWVUEJGU 4GKEJ 'JTGPMTGW\ FGU 9GNVMTKGIGU  HÒT (TQPVM·ORHGT CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG   *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI1$#P0CFGN 5VÒEM++



)TQ­G MTCWUG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG OKV UGEJU #WU\GKEJPWPIGP   2TGW­GP 'KUGTPGU -TGW\ #WUICDG    -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG <CTIG 5KNDGT   5CEJUGP (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV/GFCKNNG KP 5KNDGT 5KNDGT CO   -TKGIUDCPF   *CODWTI *CPUGCVGPMTGW\  XGTUKNDGTV WPF GOCKNNKGTV GKP -TGW\CTO DGUEJ·FKIV     &GWVUEJGU 4GKEJ 'JTGPMTGW\ FGU 9GNVMTKGIGU HÒT(TQPVM·ORHGTCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG*GT UVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI9&.FGT(KTOC9KNJGNO&GWOGTKP.ÒFGPUEJGKF .KRRG &GVOQNF /KNK V·TXGTFKGPUVOGFCKNNGOKV5EJYGTVGTP 2TGW­GP&KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI/QFGNN  -TGW\ -NCUUGHÒT:8&KGPUVLCJTG-WRHGT#WHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPIFGT(KTOC,*'UUGTKP -ÌNPCP0CFGN 5VÒEM++

 193


DEUTSCHLAND - ORDENSSCHNALLEN

8368 (1:2)





)TQ­G MTCWUG (TCEMUEJPCNNG OKV UGEJU RTGW­KUEJGP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP   'KUGTPGU -TGW\ #WUICDG    -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG <CTIG 5KNDGT CO $CPF HÒT 0KEJVM·ORHGT   8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ HÒT -TKGIUJKNHG   <KPM   4QVGT #FNGT 1TFGP  /QFGNN OKV \KGIGNTQVGO #FNGT    -TGW\  -NCUUG    #WUHÒJTWPI OKV IGMÌTPVGP -TGW\CTOGP    5KNDGT VGKNYGKUG GOCKNNKGTV 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK   QJPG UKEJVDCTG *GTUVGNNGT-GPP\GKEJPWPI   -ÌPKINKEJGT -TQPGPQTFGP  /QFGNN OKV ITQ­GT RTGW­K   UEJGT-ÌPKIUMTQPGEC -TGW\-NCUUG#WUHÒJTWPIOKVGEMKIGP-TGW\CTOT·PFGTP)QNF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGO 4CPF FGU WPVGTGP -TGW\CTOU 4KV\OCTMG 9   4QVG -TGW\/GFCKNNG  -NCUUG   $TQP\GXGTUKNDGTVWPFVGKNYGKUGGOCKNNKGTV 4QVG-TGW\/GFCKNNG-NCUUG$TQP\GXGTIQNFGV#WHFGT 4ÒEMUGKVG*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPIFGT(KTOC,)QFGV5QJPKP$GTNKPCP0CFGN 5VÒEM++



)TQ­G MTCWUG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG OKV HÒPH #WU\GKEJPWPIGP   'KUGTPGU -TGW\ #WUICDG  -TGW\   ++-NCUUG<CTIG5KNDGTCO$CPFHÒT0KEJVM·ORHGT 1NFGPDWTI(TKGFTKEJ#WIWUV-TGW\++-NCUUG 'KUGP IGUEJY·T\V   &GWVUEJGU 4GKEJ 'JTGPMTGW\ FGU 9GNVMTKGIGU  HÒT (TQPVM·ORHGT CWH   FGT4ÒEMUGKVG*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI94 2TGW­GP&KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI/QFGNN   /GFCKNNG-NCUUGHÒT:++&KGPUVLCJTGXGTIQNFGV &GWVUEJGU4GKEJ6TGWFKGPUV'JTGP\GK EJGP5VWHGHÒT&KGPUVLCJTG#P0CFGN 5VÒEM++



8370 (1:2)





8371 (1:2)

)TQ­G INCVVG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG OKV HÒPH CPJ·PIGPFGP RTGW­KUEJGP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP   &ÒRRGNGT   5VWTOMTGW\  QHHK\KGNNG #WUICDG $CPFTKPI GTI·P\V CO $CPF HÒT 4GUGTXGVTWRRGP   #NUGP-TGW\    QHHK\KGNNG #WUICDG CO $CPF HÒT -·ORHGT   -TKGIU&GPMOÒP\G  HÒT -·ORHGT RTGW­KUEJG   #WUICDGQJPG4CPFRT·IWPI 'TKPPGTWPIUMTGW\-ÌPKIIT·V\QHHK\KGNNG#WUICDG -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G  HÒT -·ORHGT OKV 4CPFRT·IWPI $·PFGT UVCTM XGTUEJOWV\V WPF VGKNYGKUG DGUEJ·FKIV QJPG   TÒEMUGKVKIG#DFGEMWPICP0CFGN0CFGNJCMGPCDIGDTQEJGP 5VÒEM+++ )TQ­G INCVVG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG OKV HÒPH CPJ·PIGPFGP RTGW­KUEJGP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP   &ÒRRGNGT   5VWTOMTGW\QHHK\KGNNG#WUICDGCO$CPFHÒT-·ORHGT #NUGP-TGW\QHHK\KGNNG#WUICDG CO$CPFHÒT-·ORHGT 'TKPPGTWPIUMTGW\&GT/CKP#TOGGQHHK\KGNNG#WUICDG -TKGIU&GPMOÒP\G HÒT-·ORHGTRTGW­KUEJG#WUICDGOKV4CPFRT·IWPI -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\GHÒT0KEJVM·OR HGTKP5VCJNCO$CPFHÒT-·ORHGT$·PFGTUVCTMXGTUEJOWV\VWPFVGKNYGKUGDGUEJ·FKIVQJPGTÒEMUGKVKIG #DFGEMWPICP0CFGN 5VÒEM+++





8372 (1:2)



194

)TQ­G INCVVG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG OKV HÒPH CPJ·PIGPFGP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP   2TGW­GP -TGW\ FGU #NNIG   OGKPGP 'JTGP\GKEJGPU 5KNDGT /GFCKNNQPU )QNF   2TGW­GP #NNIGOGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP  -NCUUG   #WUHÒJTWPI5KNDGT 2TGW­GP-TKGIUFGPMOÒP\GHÒT-·ORHGTOKV4CPFRT·IWPI OKV\YGK)GHGEJVUURCPIGP#0&'4.+5#+0'WPF$'.(146 2TGW­GP<GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG   )TQ­JGT\QINKEJ *GUUKUEJGT 8GTFKGPUV1TFGP 2JKNKRRU FGU )TQ­OÒVJKIGP D\Y )TQ­JGT\QINKEJ   *GUUKUEJGT 2JKNKRRU1TFGP CD    /QFGNN   OKV FGT $ÒUVG FGU .CPFITCHGP 2JKNKRR    5KNDGTPGU -TGW\  MNGKPGTG #WUHÒJTWPI   CWH FGO TÒEMUGKVKIGP /GFCKNNQPTKPI       &18+%75+++/#)05KNDGTVGKNYGKUGGOCKNNKGTV1JPGTÒEMUGKVKIG#DFGEMWPICP0CFGN  5VÒEM++




DEUTSCHLAND - ORDENSSCHNALLEN

8373





8374 (1:2)

)TQ­G MTCWUG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG OKV \YGK RTGW­KUEJGP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP   4QVGT #FNGT 1TFGP   /QFGNN OKV\KGIGNTQVGO#FNGT -TGW\-NCUUG#WUHÃ&#x2019;JTWPI OKVINCVVGP-TGW\CT OGP    5KNDGT VGKNYGKUG GOCKNNKGTV 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK QJPG UKEJVDCTG *GTUVGNNGT-GPP\GKEJ   PWPI   &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPIUMTGW\ HÃ&#x2019;T  &KGPUVLCJTG FGT 1HHK\KGTG  #WUICDG OKVINCVVGP-TGW\CT OGPWPFXGTVKMCNGT¤UG 4Ã&#x2019;EMUGKVKIG#DFGEMWPIGTPGWGTVCP0CFGN 5VÃ&#x2019;EM++



)TQ­G INCVVG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG OKV XKGT XQP WTURTÃ&#x2019;PINKEJ UKGDGP CPJ·PIGPFGP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP    2TGW­GPNGGTGU$CPFFGU'KUGTPGP-TGW\GU#WUICDG++-NCUUG *GUUGP &CTOUVCFV NGGTGU $CPF\WO)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ*GUUKUEJGP8GTFKGPUV1TFGP2JKNKRRUFGU)TQ­OÃ&#x2019;VJKIGPD\Y)TQ­JGT\QINKEJ *GUUKUEJGP2JKNKRRU1TFGP CD  *GUUGP &CTOUVCFV NGGTGU$CPF\WO&KGPUVGJTGP\GKEJGP  *GUUGP &CTOUVCFV  (GNFFKGPUV\GKEJGP   2TGW­GP -TKGIUFGPMOÃ&#x2019;P\G  HÃ&#x2019;T -·ORHGT OKV   4CPFRT·IWPIOKVHÃ&#x2019;PH)GHGEJVUURCPIGP14.Â&#x2014;#05/'6<01+55'8+..')4#8'.166' 5624+8#6WPF8+108+..'/#45.#6174 2TGW­GP#NNIGOGKPGU'JTGP\GKEJGP-NCUUG #WUHÃ&#x2019;JTWPI  5KNDGT   2TGW­GP <GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG  1JPG TÃ&#x2019;EMUGKVKIG #DFGEMWPI CP   0CFGN 5VÃ&#x2019;EM++



8375





)TQ­GMTCWUG1TFGPUUEJPCNNGOKV\YGKRTGW­KUEJGP#WU\GKEJPWPIGP 2TGW­GP-TKGIUFGPMOÃ&#x2019;P\G  HÃ&#x2019;T -·ORHGT OKV 4CPFRT·IWPI OKV XKGT )GHGEJVUURCPIGP 2#4+5 5'&#0   $'#7/106WPF)4#8'.166'5624+8#6 2TGW­GP<GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG#P0CFGN 5VÃ&#x2019;EM++



)TQ­G MTCWUG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG OKV  #WU\GKEJPWPIGP OKV HCUV RCUUGPFGT (GNFUEJPCNNG     2TGW­GP 'KUGTPGU -TGW\ #WUICDG  -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG <CTIG 5KNDGT $CPFTKPI GTI·P\V     &GWVUEJGU 4GKEJ  1TFGP FGU -TKGIUXGTFKGPUVMTGW\GU  -TKGIUXGTFKGPUVMTGW\   -NCUUGOKV5EJYGTVGTP &GWVUEJGU4GKEJ'JTGPMTGW\FGU9GNVMTKGIGUHÃ&#x2019;T(TQPVM·OR HGTOKV*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI482(14<*'+/ &GWVUEJGU4GKEJ&KGPUVCWU \GKEJPWPIFGT9GJTOCEJV-NCUUG/GFCKNNGHÃ&#x2019;T&KGPUVLCJTGKPFGT#TOGGQFGT/CTKPG ¤UVGT TGKEJ -TKGIUGTKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG  OKV 5EJYGTVGTP   7PICTP -TKGIUGTKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG   OKV5EJYGTVGTP $WNICTKGP-TKGIUGTKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG/KVGTI·P\VGOTÃ&#x2019;EMUGK VKIGP#DFGEMVWEJCP0CFGN/KVHCUVKFGPVKUEJGT(GNFUEJPCNNGQJPG$·PFEJGPHÃ&#x2019;T#P0CFGN  5VÃ&#x2019;EM++

 195


DEUTSCHLAND - ORDENSSCHNALLEN 



)TQ­G MTCWUG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG OKV FTGK #WU\GKEJPWPIGP FGU &GWVUEJGP4GKEJGUXQPDKU OKV\WIGJÌTKIGT(GNFUEJPCNNG 1TFGPFGU'KUGTPGP-TGW\GU-TGW\++-NCUUG<CTIGXGTUKNDGTV  &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPIFGT9GJTOCEJV-NCUUG/GFCKNNGHÒT&KGPUVLCJTGKPFGT#TOGGQFGT/CTKPG  /GFCKNNG\WT'TKPPGTWPICPFGP1MVQDGT UQIGPCPPVG5WFGVGPNCPF#PUEJNW­/GFCKNNG #P 0CFGNOKV\WIGJÌTKIGT(GNFUEJPCNNG 5VÒEM++



)TQ­G MTCWUG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG OKV FTGK #WU\GKEJPWPIGP FGU &GWVUEJGP4GKEJGUXQPDKU OKV\WIGJÌTKIGT(GNFUEJPCNNG 1TFGPFGU'KUGTPGP-TGW\GU-TGW\++-NCUUG<CTIGXGTUKNDGTV  &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPIFGT9GJTOCEJV-NCUUG/GFCKNNGHÒT&KGPUVLCJTGKPFGT#TOGGQFGT/CTKPG  /GFCKNNG\WT'TKPPGTWPICPFGP1MVQDGT UQIGPCPPVG5WFGVGPNCPF#PUEJNW­/GFCKNNG OKV $CPFCWHNCIG2TCIGT$WTI#P0CFGNOKV\WIGJÌTKIGT(GNFUEJPCNNG 5VÒEM++



8380 (1:2)

8379 (1:2)



)TQ­G INCVVG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG OKV HÒPH CPJ·PIGPFGP RTGW­KUEJGP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP   'KUGTPGU   -TGW\#WUICDG-TGW\++-NCUUG'KUGPMGTPIGUEJY·T\VOKV-QTTQUKQPUURWTGP5KNDGT\CTIGCO $CPF HÒT 0KEJVM·ORHGT FCTCWH 'KEJGPNCWDURCPIG    #NNIGOGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP  -NCUUG 5KNDGT    -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\GHÒT-·ORHGT 'TKPPGTWPIUMTGW\2(.+%*664'7'+/-4+')' HÒT0KEJVM·ORHGT <GPVGPCTOGFCNNG$·PFGTXGTUEJOWV\VCP0CFGN 5VÒEM++



/ÌINKEJGTYGKUG KUV FKG -&/ HÒT 0- CO $CPF HÒT -·ORHGT  UR·VGT FWTEJ GKPG -&/ HÒT -·ORHGT WPUCEJIGO·­   GTUGV\VYQTFGP



)TQ­G INCVVG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG OKV FTGK #WU\GKEJPWPIGP   2TGW­GP /KNKV·T'JTGP\GKEJGP  -NCUUG   5KNDGT &GWVUEJGU4GKEJ5ÒFYGUVCHTKMC&GPMOÒP\GHÒT-·ORHGTOKVXKGT)GHGEJVUURCPIGP)4155 0#/#.#0&*'4'41.#0&)41550#$#5WPF9#6'4$'4) 2TGW­GP.CPFYGJT &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI/QFGNN/GFCKNNG-NCUUG$·PFGTGVYCU\GTUEJNKUUGPCP0CFGN 5VÒEM++

8381 (1:2)





196



8382 (1:2)

)TQ­G INCVVG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG OKV FTGK #WU\GKEJPWPIGP   2TGW­GP -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G  HÒT   -·ORHGT 2TGW­GP<GPVGPCTOGFCNNG 4GWUU,ÒPIGTG.KPKG'TKPPGTWPIU\GKEJGP\WOUKNDGTPGP 'JGLWDKN·WO#WUHÒJTWPIHÒTÒDTKIG(GUVVGKNPGJOGT4ÒEMUGKVKIGU#DFGEMVWEJGTPGWGTVCP0CFGN  5VÒEM++



)TQ­GINCVVG1TFGPUUEJPCNNGJGUUKUEJGPGT-TKGIUXGVGTCPGPOKVFTGKCPJ·PIGPFGPRTGW­KUEJGP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP   'KUGTPGU -TGW\ #WUICDG  'KUGPMGTP IGUEJY·T\V 5KNDGT\CTIG OKV 'KEJGP   NCWDURCPIG -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\GOKV4CPFRT·IWPIOKVXKGT)GHGEJVUURCPIGP14.'#05 /'6< 01+55'8+..' WPF )4#8'.166'5624+8#6   <GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG  CWH FGO   $CPF CWHIGUVGEMV FCU #D\GKEJGP FGT -TKGIUMCOGTCFUEJCHV *CUUKC CP 0CFGN &C\W #D\GKEJGP HÒT   L·JTKIG/KVINKGFUEJCHVFGT-TKGIUMCOGTCFUEJCHV*CUUKCCP0CFGN 5VÒEM++




DEUTSCHLAND - ORDENSSCHNALLEN

8384 (1:2)

8383 (1:2)







)TQ­G 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG OKV XKGT #WU\GKEJPWPIGP   5CEJUGP (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV/GFCKNNG KP $TQP\G   CO -TKGIUDCPF   &GWVUEJGU 4GKEJ 'JTGPMTGW\GU 9GNVMTKGIGU  HÒT (TQPVM·ORHGT CWH FGT   4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI )  5   5CEJUGP &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI  /QFGNN      -NCUUG /GFCKNNG HÒT +: &KGPUVLCJTG   &GWVUEJGU 4GKEJ -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G  FGU 4GKEJU   MTKGIGTDWPFGU -[HHJ·WUGT OKV HÒPH 5RCPIGP 814/#45%*  /#40'5%*.#%*6    &+0#06  8'4&70 WPF/##5#+50'CP0CFGN 5VÒEM++



)TQ­G 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG OKV FTGK #WU\GKEJPWPIGP   2TGW­GP 'KUGTPGU -TGW\#WUICDG-TGW\ ++ -NCUUG 'KUGP IGUEJY·T\V <CTIG 5KNDGT   $C[GTP /KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ FGU /KNKV·T8GTFKGPUV   QTFGPU  /QFGNN   -TGW\  -NCUUG OKV -TQPG WPF 5EJYGTVGTP  #WUHÒJTWPI -TKGIU   OGVCNN 5EJYGTVGT 'KUGP   &GWVUEJGU 4GKEJ 'JTGPMTGW\GU 9GNVMTKGIGU  HÒT (TQPVM·ORHGT   CWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI)CP0CFGN 5VÒEM++



&KGUG-CVCNQIRQUKVKQPGPVH·NNV



8386 (1:2)



)TQ­G MTCWU IGP·JVG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG OKV UGEJU #WU\GKEJPWPIGP   '- ++    2TGW­GP 8GT   FKGPUVMTGW\ HÒT -TKGIUJKNHG   5EJCWODWTI.KRRG -TGW\ HÒT VTGWG &KGPUVG    'JTGPMTGW\ FGU   9GNVMTKGIGU HÒT (TQPVM·ORHGT   /KNKV·T&KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI -TGW\ HÒT :8 ,CJTG -TKGIUOGVCNN    <GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG 5VÒEM++

8387 (1:2)





8387

)TQ­G MTCWUG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG GKPGU U·EJUKUEJGP 1HHK\KGTU WPF 8GVGTCPGP FGU 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIU   ņOKVHÒPH#WU\GKEJPWPIGPOKVFC\WIGJÌTKIGO/KPKCVWTGPMGVVEJGPOKVUGEJU#WU\GKEJ PWPIUOKPKCVWTGP 2TGW­GP'KUGTPGU-TGW\#WUICDG-TGW\++-NCUUG'KUGPMGTPIGUEJY·T\V <CTIG5KNDGTKO4KPIWPNGUGTNKEJRWP\KGTV 5CEJUGP-ÌPKITGKEJ-ÌPKINKEJ5·EJUKUEJGT#NDTGEJVUQT FGP/QFGNN OKVFGO2QTVTCKVXQP*GT\QI#NDTGEJV+++FGO$GJGT\VGP #WUHÒJTWPI

  #WUHÒJTWPI KP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV OKV GKPVGKNKIGP /GFCKNNQPHGNFGTP  4KVVGTMTGW\  -NCUUG   OKV 5EJYGTVGTP #WUHÒJTWPI OKV GKPUGKVKI IGRT·IVGP 5EJYGTVGTP#PHGTVKIWPIFGT(KTOC5EJCTHHGPDGTI KP &TGUFGP 5KNDGT VGKNYGKUG XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGP 4·PFGTP FGTUGKVNKEJGP#TOG*GTUVGNNGT DG\GKEJPWPI5%*#4(('0$'4)WPF&4'5&'0CWHFGO4CPFFGUWPVGTGP-TGW\CTOU2WP\G5 HÒT5KNDGT &GWVUEJGU4GKEJ'JTGPMTGW\FGU9GNVMTKGIGUHÒT(TQPVM·ORHGT'KUGPDTQP\KGTV CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPI   48 2(14<*'+/   5CEJUGP (TGKUVCCV 'JTGP   \GKEJGPFGT*CPFGNUMCOOGT%JGOPKV\HÒT6TGWGKPFGT#TDGKV$TQP\G 7PICTP9GNVMTKGIU'TKPPG TWPIUOGFCKNNGOKV5EJYGTVGTPWPF*GNO#P0CFGN&CU\WIGJÌTKIG-GVVEJGP\WU·V\NKEJOKV FGT/KPKCVWTFGTDWNICTKUEJGP'TKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG(ÒTFGP-TKGIHÒT/KNKV·TCPIGJÌTKIG  5VÒEM++



*ÒDUEJG)TWRRGDGUQPFGTUKPVGTGUUCPVFWTEJFKGUGNVGPG/KPKCVWTFGU'JTGP\GKEJGPUFGT*CPFGNUMCOOGT%JGOPKV\ HÒT6TGWGKPFGT#TDGKV

197


DEUTSCHLAND - ORDENSSCHNALLEN

8388



8389

)TQ­GMTCWUG1TFGPUUEJPCNNGOKVFTGK#WU\GKEJPWPIGP 2TGW­GP'KUGTPGU-TGW\#WUICDG -TGW\ ++ MNCUUG 'KUGP IGUEJY·T\V <CTIG 5KNDGT   1NFGPDWTI (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV-TGW\ ++ -NCUUG   'KUGP IGUEJY·T\V PKEJV NCEMKGTV  CO $CPF HÒT -·ORHGT   9ÒTVVGODGTI /KNKV·TXGTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG   /QFGNN OKVFGO2QTVTCKV-ÌPKI9KNJGNOU++ 5KNDGTPG/KNKV·TXGTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG5KNDGT OKV5VGORGNUEJPGKFGTUKIPCVWT-5%*9'0<'44ÒEMUGKVGPCDFGEMWPIHGJNV#P0CFGN ++



+PVGTGUUCPVG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG GKPGU 1NFGPDWTIGTU PKEJV PWT YGIGP FGT <WUCOOGPUVGNNWPI UQPFGTP XQT CNNGO CWH   ITWPFFGT4GKJGPHQNIGFGT'JTGP\GKEJGP



)TQ­G 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG OKV  #WU\GKEJPWPIGP   'KUGTPGU -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG    6CRHGTMGKVU   OGFCKNNG $TQP\G     'JTGPMTGW\ FGU 9GNVMTKGIGU HÒT (TQPVM·ORHGT CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG *GTUVGNNGT   DG\GKEJPWPI1&KG$·PFGTVGKNYGKUG'VYCUHNGEMKICP0CFGN 5VÒEM++



#O(GDTWCTFWTEJ*GT\QI'TPUV++IGUVKHVGVYWTFGFKG6CRHGTMGKVUOGFCKNNGKPFKGUGT#WUHÒJTWPIPWTDKU 'PFG,CPWCTXGTNKGJGPFCPCEJMCOGP#WUHÒJTWPIGPKPCPFGTGP/GVCNNGP\WT8GTNGKJWPI

8390 (1:1,5)



)TQ­GMTCWUG1TFGPUUEJPCNNGGKPGU7PVGTQHHK\KGTUOKV\GJP#WU\GKEJPWPIGPOKV\WIGJÌTKIGT(GNF UEJPCNNG 2TGW­GP'KUGTPGU-TGW\-TGW\-NCUUG $CFGP8GTFKGPUVMTGW\XQO<·JTKPIGT .ÌYGP CO $CPFG FGU /KNKV·T -CTN(TKGFTKEJ8GTFKGPUVQTFGPU 1NFGPDWTI(TKGFTKEJ#WIWUV-TGW\  -NCUUG CO -·ORHGTDCPF   'JTGPMTGW\ FGU 9GNVMTKGIGU HÒT (TQPVM·ORHGT   2TGW­GP 1HHK\KGTU   &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI HÒT  ,CJTG   $CFGP &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI  /QFGNN   $TQP\G     2TGW­GP #NNIGOGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP  -NCUUG   $CFGP 4GIKGTWPIULWDKN·WOU/GFCKNNG KP $TQP\G     2TGW­GP <GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG   7PICTP 9GNVMTKGIUGTKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP #P 0CFGN   &KG\WIGJÌTKIG(GNFUEJPCNNGGVYCUXGTHNGEMV 5VÒEM++ .CWV8QNNG KP8.5 YWTFGPXQPDKUPWT8GTFKGPUVMTGW\GXQO<·JTKPIGT.ÌYGPCO$CPFGFGU /KNKV·T -CTN (TKGFTKEJ8GTFKGPUVQTFGPU XGTNKGJGP .CWV #TOGG8GTQTFPWPIUDNCVV XQO  #WIWUV  5QPFGT    CWUICDG MQPPVGPCWEJ7PVGTQHHK\KGTGWPF/CPPUEJCHVGPPCEJCMVKXGP&KGPUVLCJTGPFCU&KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPIUMTGW\ HÒT1HHK\KGTGGTJCNVGP#NNGTFKPIUYWTFGPFKG8GTNGKJWPIGPNCWV#TOGG8GTQTFPWPIUDNCVVXQP5Y·JTGPF FGU-TKGIGUCWUIGUGV\VWPFGTUVPCEJFGUUGP'PFGYKGFGTCWHIGPQOOGP

198




DEUTSCHLAND - ORDENSSCHNALLEN

8391 (1:2)



)TQ­G INCVVG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG OKV CEJV RTGW­KUEJGP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP   -TGW\ FGU #NNIGOGKPGP 'J   TGP\GKEJGPU 5KNDGT /GFCKNNQP )QNF CPIGNCWHGP    #NNIGOGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP  -NCUUG 5KNDGT    &ÒRRGNGT5VWTO-TGW\CO$CPFHÒT-·ORHGT #NUGPMTGW\5EJPCNNGPRT·IWPICO$CPFHÒT-·OR HGT 'TKPPGTWPIUMTGW\-¤0+))46<5EJPCNNGPRT·IWPI -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\GOKV 4CPFRT·IWPIOKVUKGDGP)GHGEJVUUEJPCNNGP14.—#05.'/#05$'#7)'0%;%4#8#06 $'#70' .# 41.#0&' /'6< )4#8'.166'5624+8#6 WPF 8+108+..'/#45   .#6174   -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G  RTGW­KUEJG #WUICDG OKV 4CPFRT·IWPI   <GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG   1JPGTÒEMUGKVKIG#DFGEMWPI#P0CFGN 5VÒEM++



8392 (1:2)

ex 8395 8393 (1:2)









)TQ­G INCVVG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG OKV HÒPH #WU\GKEJPWPIGP   2TGW­GP #NNIGOGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP    -NCUUG 5KNDGT   2TGW­GP -TKGIU&GPMOÒP\G  OKV 4CPFRT·IWPI   $CFGP (GNFFKGPUV   #WU\GKEJPWPI OKV $CPFURCPIG    $CFGP &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI  /QFGNN     -NCUUGHÒT::+&KGPUVLCJTGXGTIQNFGV 2TGW­GP<GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG1JPGTÒEMUGKVKIG#DFGE MWPICP0CFGN 5VÒEM++



)TQ­G INCVVG 1TFGPUUEJPCNNG OKV HÒPH #WU\GKEJPWPIGP   2TGW­GP -TKGIU&GPMOÒP\G    OKV 4CPFRT·IWPI OKV \YGK )GHGEJVUURCPIGP #0 &'4 .+5#+0' WPF 564#55$74)   $CFGP   (GNFFKGPUV#WU\GKEJPWPI OKV \YGK $CPFURCPIG  WPF    2TGW­GP <GPVGPCT   OGFCKNNG    $CFGP .CPFYGJT&KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI  /QFGNN   1JPG TÒEMUGKVKIG   #DFGEMWPICP0CFGN 5VÒEM++



<YGKITQ­GINCVVG1TFGPUUEJPCNNGP#  $CFGP(GNFFKGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPIOKV$CPFURCPIG   2TGW­GP -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G  HÒT -·ORHGT OKV 4CPFRT·IWPI   2TGW­GP <GPVGPCTOG   FCKNNG   $CFGP .CPFYGJT&KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI  /QFGNN 0CFGN HGJNV $    2TGW­GP #NNIGOGKPGU   'JTGP\GKEJGP  -NCUUG 5KNDGT   2TGW­GP -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G  HÒT -·ORHGT OKV 4CPFRT·   IWPI OKV \YGK )GHGEJVUURCPIGP /'6< WPF 01+55'8+..'   2TGW­GP <GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG #P   0CFGN 5VÒEM++p+++



-QPXQNWVXQPHÒPHINCVVGPQFGTMTCWUGP<YGKGT1TFGPUUEJPCNNGP7COKV-TGW\FGU#NNIGOGKPGP 'JTGP\GKEJGPU 5KNDGT /GFCKNNQPU )QNF  WPF )QNFGPGO 8GTFKGPUVMTGW\ $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV /GFCKNNQPU   )QNF 8GTUEJKGFGPG/GVCNNGCWEJ5KNDGTLGYGKNUCP0CFGN 5VÒEM++

 199


DEUTSCHLAND - MINIATURENSCHNALLEN

ex 8397 (1:2)

ex 8396 (1:2)





-QPXQNWVXQPHÒPHMTCWUGPNGGTGP1TFGPUUEJPCNNGP QJPGFKG#WU\GKEJPWPIGP 5KGDGPGT GKPGOKV GKPGO HGJNGPFGP $CPF   5GEJUGT&TGKGTWPF<YGKGT,GYGKNUCP0CFGNKPWPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP'T JCNVWPIGP 5VÒEM++++p++++++



-QPXQNWV XQP CEJV\GJP INCVVGP NGGTGP 1TFGPUUEJPCNNGP QJPG FKG #WU\GKEJPWPIGP   8KGTGT    &TGKGT  <YGKGT FCXQP GKPG OKV )GHGEJVUURCPIG 8+108+..'/#45 .# 6174  ,GYGKNU CP   0CFGNKPWPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP'TJCNVWPIGP 5VÒEM++++p++++++



8398 (1:2)

8400 8399 Rv.

&'765%*.#0&/+0+#674'05%*0#..'070&-'66%*'0 

/KPKCVWTGPMGVVEJGP OKV  #WU\GKEJPWPIUOKPKCVWTGP   $TCWPUEJYGKI *GT\QINKEJ $TCWPUEJYGKIK   UEJGT 1TFGP *GKPTKEJ FGU .ÌYGP 4KVVGTMTGW\  -NCUUG 5KNDGT HGKPUV GOCKNNKGTV OKV 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK     2TGW­GP 'TKPPGTWPIUMTGW\ 6TGWGP -TKGIGTP    2TGW­GP -ÌPKINKEJGT 4QVGT #FNGT1TFGP    /QFGNN   -TGW\  -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP  #WUHÒJTWPI OKV IGMÌTPVGP -TGW\CTOGP     2TGW­GP -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G  HÒT -·ORHGT   2TGW­GP -ÌPKINKEJGT 4QVGT #FNGT1TFGP    /QFGNN   -TGW\  -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGT CO 4KPI WPF OKV 5EJNGKHG $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV    -TKGIU&GPMOÒP\GHÒT-·ORHGT 2TGW­GP&KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPIU-TGW\HÒT&KGPUVLCJTGFGT 1HHK\KGTG 2TGW­GP#NUGP-TGW\ 2TGW­GP'KUGTPGU-TGW\#WUICDG-TGW\++-NCUUG OKV'KEJGPNCWDURCPIG 2TGW­GP<GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG   5VÒEM++



/KPKCVWTGPMGVVEJGP OKV HÒPH #WU\GKEJPWPIUOKPKCVWTGP   'KUGTPGU -TGW\ #WUICDG  -TGW\   ++ -NCUUG   *QJGP\QNNGTP (ÒTUVNKEJ *QJGP\QNNGTPUEJGT *CWUQTFGP  /QFGNN UGKV   -TGW\    -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP $TQP\G XGTUKNDGTV VGKNYGKUG XGTIQNFGV   *CODWTI *CPUGCVGPMTGW\    &GWVUEJGU4GKEJ5EJYCT\GU8GTYWPFGVGPCD\GKEJGP 9GKOCTGT4GRWDNKM'TKPPGTWPIUMTGW\ FGU/CTKPGMQTRU(NCPFGTP 5VÒEM++



/KPKCVWTGPUEJPCNNGOKVFTGKDC[GTKUEJGP#WU\GKEJPWPIUOKPKCVWTGP /KNKV·T&GPM\GKEJGPHÒT HÒT1HHK\KGTGWPF/CPPUEJCHVGP .WFYKI1TFGP'JTGPOÒP\GOKV-TQPG  )QNFGVYCU \GTMTCV\V   8GVGTCPGP&GPM\GKEJGP HÒT FKG (GNF\ÒIG    ,GYGKNU CP 1TKIKPCND·PFEJGP OKV   ¤UGOKV2T·UGPVCVKQPU$KNFGTTCJOGP 5VÒEM++p



5GJTKPVGTGUUCPVGU-GVVEJGPFCUYGPPCWEJPKEJVKPFGTQTFPWPIUIGO·­GP4GKJGPHQNIGGTUVGNNVFGPPQEJCWVJGPVKUEJ KUV $GUQPFGTU FKG /KPKCVWT FGU 4QVGP #FNGT1TFGPU  -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP CO 4KPI WPF OKV 5EJNGKHG KUV XQP   ITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV





$GFGWVGPFG /KPKCVWTGPITWRRG GKPGU 8GVGTCPGP FGT 0CRQNGQPKUEJGP -TKGIG KPVGTGUUCPV DGUQPFGTU JKPUKEJVNKEJ FGT   'JTGPOÒP\GFGU.WFYKIUQTFGPUOKV-TQPGFKGKPFKGUGT#WUHÒJTWPIDKUJGTPKEJVDGMCPPVKUV

200


DEUTSCHLAND - MINIATURENSCHNALLEN

8401

8402





/KPKCVWTGPMGVVEJGP OKV UKGDGP RTGW­KUEJGP #WU\GKEJPWPIUOKPKCVWTGP WPF FC\W RCUUGPFGT (GNF    UEJPCNNG 'KUGTPGU-TGW\#WUICDG-TGW\++-NCUUGOKV'KEJGPNCWDURCPIG -ÌPKINKEJGT 4QVGT#FNGT1TFGP/QFGNN  -TGW\-NCUUG#WUHÒJTWPIOKVIGMÌTPVGP-TGW\CTOGP   -ÌPKINKEJGT -TQPGP1TFGP -TGW\  -NCUUG )QNF     &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPIUMTGW\ HÒT  &KGPUV   LCJTGFGT1HHK\KGTG -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\GHÒT-·ORHGT 'TKPPGTWPIUMTGW\-ÌPKIIT·V\ <GP VGPCTOGFCKNNG /KV FC\W RCUUGPFGT (GNFUEJPCNNG FKGUG OÌINKEJGTYGKUG PKEJV \GKVIGPÌUUKUEJ CPIGHGTVKIV   /KV2T·UGPVCVKQPU$KNFGTTCJOGP 5VÒEM++



/KPKCVWTGPMGVVEJGP OKV HÒPH #WU\GKEJPWPIUOKPKCVWTGP   $C[GTP /KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVQTFGP 4KVVGT   MTGW\ +8 -NCUUG OKV -TQPG WPF 5EJYGTVGTP 5KNDGT GOCKNNKGTV   2TGW­GP 'KUGTPGU -TGW\ #WUICDG   -TGW\++-NCUUG $C[GTP,WDKN·WOUOGFCKNNGHÒTFKGDC[GTKUEJG#TOGGKP$TQP\G $C[GTP &KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPIUMTGW\ HÒT ::+8 &KGPUVLCJTG   #FNKIG )CPGTDUEJCHV #NVGP.KORWTI \W (TCPMHWTV   CO/CKP1TFGPUFGMQTCVKQP/QFGNN OKVUQIGPCPPVGTTWFQNRJKPKUEJGT-CKUGTMTQPGCD 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTV#P0CFGNWPF-PQRH 5VÒEM44++



8404

8403 8405







/KPKCVWTGPMGVVEJGPOKVPGWP#WU\GKEJPWPIUOKPKCVWTGP 2TGW­GP'KUGTPGU-TGW\#WUICDG -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG   2TGW­GP -ÌPKINKEJGT *CWUQTFGP XQP *QJGP\QNNGTP 4KVVGTMTGW\ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP   5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTV /GEMNGPDWTI5EJYGTKP/KNKV·TXGTFKGPUVMTGW\#WUICDG-TGW\ ++ -NCUUG   .ÒDGEM *CPUGCVGPMTGW\    &GWVUEJGU 4GKEJ 'JTGPMTGW\ FGU 9GNVMTKGIGU HÒT   (TQPVM·ORHGT   &GWVUEJGU 4GKEJ  6TGWFKGPUV'JTGP\GKEJGP  5VWHG   ¤UVGTTGKEJ   -TKGIUGTKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNGOKV5EJYGTVGTP -TKGIUGTKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNGOKV5EJYGT VGTP $WNICTKGP-TKGIUGTKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG#P0CFGNWPF-PQRH 5VÒEM++



/KPKCVWTGPMGVVEJGPOKVFTGKRTGW­KUEJGP#WU\GKEJPWPIUOKPKCVWTGP 4QVGT#FNGT1TFGP/QFGNN OKV \KGIGNTQVGO #FNGT    -TGW\  -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP  #WUICDG OKV IGMÌTPVGP   -TGW\CTOGP  'TKPPGTWPIUMTGW\-ÌPKIIT·V\ <GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG#P\YGK0CFGNP 5VÒEM++



/KPKCVWTGPUEJPCNNGOKVUKGDGPRTGW­KUEJGP#WU\GKEJPWPIUOKPKCVWTGP &ÒRRGNGT5VWTOMTGW\ $·PFEJGPHÒT-·ORHGT #NUGP-TGW\$·PFEJGPHÒT-·ORHGT -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\GHÒT -·ORHGTOKV)GHGEJVUURCPIG/'6< 'TKPPGTWPIUMTGW\-ÌPKIIT·V\ -TKGIU&GPMOÒP\GHÒT -·ORHGT RTGW­KUEJG #WUICDG   <GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG    .CPFYGJT&KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI  -NCUUG   /QFGNN1TFGPUUEJPCNNGP&GMQTCVKQP#P0CFGN 5VÒEM++

 201


DEUTSCHLAND - MINIATURENSCHNALLEN

8407

8406



/KPKCVWTGPUEJPCNNG OKV UGEJU RTGW­KUEJGP #WU\GKEJPWPIUOKPKCVWTGP   'KUGTPGU -TGW\ #WUICDG    -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG   &ÒRRGNGT 5VWTOMTGW\  $·PFEJGP HÒT -·ORHGT   #NUGP-TGW\    $·PFEJGP HÒT -·ORHGT   -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G  HÒT -·ORHGT   'TKPPGTWPIUMTGW\ -ÌPKIIT·V\    -TKGIU&GPMOÒP\GHÒT-·ORHGTRTGW­KUEJG#WUICDG1JPG0CFGN 5VÒEM++



/ÌINKEJGTYGKUGUR·VGT\WUCOOGPIGUVGNNV



4GXGTUUEJNGKHGOKVUGEJUCPJ·PIGPFGPRTGW­KUEJGP#WU\GKEJPWPIUOKPKCVWTGP 4QVGT#FNGT1TFGP /QFGNN OKV\KGIGNTQVGO#FNGT -TGW\-NCUUG#WUICDG OKVIGMÌTPVGP-TGW\CT OGP      -ÌPKINKEJGT -TQPGP1TFGP -TGW\  -NCUUG   -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G  HÒT   -·ORHGT 'TKPPGTWPIUMTGW\-ÌPKIIT·V\ <GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG .CPFYGJT&KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPI -NCUUG/QFGNN1TFGPUUEJPCNNGP&GMQTCVKQP#P-PQRH 5VÒEM++

8409 (1:2)

8408







4GXGTUUEJNGKHG OKV HÒPH CPJ·PIGPFGP #WU\GKEJPWPIUOKPKCVWTGP   2TGW­GP 'KUGTPGU -TGW\ #WU   ICDG  -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG   $CFGP 5KNDGTPG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG /QFGNN (TKGFTKEJ ++ OKV $·PF   EJGP FGT /KNKV·T -CTN (TKGFTKEJ8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG   *GUUGP #NNIGOGKPGU 'JTGP\GKEJGP    /QFGNN /GFCKNNG (ÒT 6CRHGTMGKV   1NFGPDWTI (TKGFTKEJ #WIWUV-TGW\ ++ -NCUUG OKV -·ORHGT   D·PFEJGP   /GEMNGPDWTI5EJYGTKP /KNKV·TXGTFKGPUVMTGW\ #WUICDG  -TGW\ ++ -NCUUG OKV   -·ORHGTD·PFEJGP#P-PQRH 5VÒEM++



(GNFUEJPCNNGGKPGUJQJGPRTGW­KUEJGP1HHK\KGTUHÒT#WU\GKEJPWPIGP 2TGW­GP'KUGTPGU-TGW\ #WUICDG  ++ -NCUUG   2TGW­GP *CWUQTFGP XQP *QJGP\QNNGTP 4KVVGTMTGW\ OKV 5EJYGTVGTP     2TGW­GP 4QVGT #FNGT1TFGP -TGW\  QFGT  -NCUUG OKV -TQPG WPF 5EJYGTVGTP CO -TKGIUDCPF     2TGW­GP4QVGT#FNGT1TFGP 2TGW­GP-TQPGP1TFGP 2TGW­GP&KGPUVCWU\GKEJPWPIUMTGW\HÒT &KGPUVLCJTGFGT1HHK\KGTG &GWVUEJGU4GKEJ-QNQPKCN&GPMOÒP\G 2TGW­GP<GPVGPCTOGFCKNNG  *GUUGP &CTOUVCFV #NNIGOGKPGU'JTGP\GKEJGP(ÒT-TKGIUXGTFKGPUVQFGT(ÒT6CRHGTMGKV 5CEJUGP /GKPKPIGP 'JTGP\GKEJGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUV KO -TKGIG -·ORHGTDCPF   *CODWTI *CPUGCVGPMTGW\     9ÒTVVGODGTI (TKGFTKEJU1TFGP   ¤UVGTTGKEJ /KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVMTGW\  -NCUUG OKV FGT -TKGIUFGMQ   TCVKQP   $WNICTKGP /KNKV·TQTFGP HÒT 6CRHGTMGKV   $WNICTKGP /KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVQTFGP #P 0CFGN   &C\WGKPYGKVGTGUUEJOCNGU'ZGORNCTKPINGKEJGT#PQTFPWPILGFQEJQJPGFKG#WHNCIGPOKVFTGK*CMGP \WO 'KPJ·PIGP &C\W UGRCTCV \YGK -TQPGP#WHNCIGP WPF GKP .QTDGGTMTCP\ #NNGU \WUCOOGP KO CWH   YGPFKIGP'VWKFGT(KTOC,)QFGVWPF5QJPKP$GTNKP ++



1TKIKPCNG(GNFUEJPCNNGGKPGUJQJGPRTGW­KUEJGP1HHK\KGTUKO'TUVGP9GNVMTKGIFKGXQTGPVUVCPFGPUGKPFÒTHVG FCFKG9GNVMTKGIU'TKPPGTWPIU#WU\GKEJPWPIGPFGU&GWVUEJGP4GKEJGU¤UVGTTGKEJU7PICTPWPF$WNICTKGPHGJNGP

8410 (1:2) ex 8411 (1:2)





202

(GNFUEJPCNNGGKPGUYÒTVVGODGTIKUEJGP1HHK\KGTUHÒT#WU\GKEJPWPIGP 2TGW­GP'KUGTPGU-TGW\ ++-NCUUG 9ÒTVVGODGTI(TKGFTKEJUQTFGP4KVVGTMTGW\-NCUUGOKV5EJYGTVGTP 9ÒTVVGO DGTI /KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVQTFGP 4KVVGTMTGW\   2TGW­GP -ÌPKINKEJGT *CWUQTFGP XQP *QJGP\QNNGTP 4KV   VGTMTGW\OKV5EJYGTVGTP $C[GTP/KNKV·T8GTFKGPUVQTFGP-TGW\-NCUUGOKV5EJYGTVGTP 5CEJ UGP #NDTGEJVU1TFGP 4KVVGTMTGW\  -NCUUG OKV 5EJYGTVGTP   5CEJUGP/GKPKPIGP 'JTGP\GKEJGP HÒT   8GTFKGPUVKO-TKGIGCO-·ORHGTDCPF *CODWTI*CPUGCVGPMTGW\ 9ÒTVVGODGTI&KGPUVCWU\GKEJ PWPI 9ÒTVVGODGTI(TKGFTKEJUQTFGP4KVVGTMTGW\++-NCUUG#DFGEMVWEJGTPGWGTVCP0CFGN ++



-QPXQNWVXQPCEJVITQ­GP  (GNFUEJPCNNGP5KGDGPGT Z*GUUGPWPFZ9ÒTVVGODGTI 8KGTGT

FCXQPGKPGOKV4QVGT#FNGT1TFGPOKV-TQPGWPF-TKGIUFGPMOÒP\GOKV)GHGEJVUURCPIG56 37'06+0&TGKGTWPF<YGKGT,GYGKNUCP0CFGN ++




DEUTSCHLAND - KONVOLUTE

8412 (1:2)

8413 (1:2)



-QPXQNWVXQPUGEJU(GNFURCPIGPVGKNYGKUGOKVKPVGTGUUCPVGP#WHNCIGP GTXQTYKGIGPF9ÒTVVGO DGTIWC'-++OKV'KEJGPNCWD GTXQTYKGIGPF2TGW­GP GTWCOKV4#1-NOKV FGT5EJNGKHG$CF<·JTKPIGT.ÌYGOKV'KEJGPNCWD GTWCOKV$CF<·JTKPIGT.ÌYGOKV'KEJGP NCWD WPF 5EJYGTVGTP   GT W C OKV QUOCPKUEJGT .K[CMCV/GFCKNNG KP 5KNDGT OKV 5EJYGTVGT   $CPFURCPIG  WPF /GFLKFLKG1TFGP   GT OKV 5ÒFYGUVCHTKMC&GPMOÒP\G OKV )GHGEJVUURCPIG   *'4'41.#0&WPF)41550#/#.#0&LGYGKNUCP0CFGN 5VÒEM++





-QPXQNWVXQP(GNFUEJPCNNGP#EJVGTUEJPCNNG5GEJUGT(ÒPHGT8KGTGT&TGKGT<YGKGT WPF'KPGTUQYKGUKGDGP-PQRHNQEJUEJNGKHEJGP/GKUVCP0CFGNP 5VÒEM+++++





-QPXQNWV XQP FTGK­KI (GNFUEJPCNNGP XQO -CKUGTTGKEJ DKU \WT $WPFGUYGJT &CTWPVGT XQP 'KPGT   DKU #EJVGT5EJPCNNG QHV OKV #WHNCIGP FCTWPVGT CWEJ UGNVGPGTG -QODKPCVKQPGP +P WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP   'TJCNVWPIGPITÌ­VGPVGKNUOKV0CFGNP 5VÒEM+p++++++p++++++



&'765%*.#0&#..)'/'+0'-1081.76' 

-QPXQNWV XQP EC  FGWVUEJGP 'JTGP\GKEJGP #D\GKEJGP /GFCKNNGP CWEJ PKEJV VTCIDCT  WPF   /ÒP\GP&CTWPVGT5VÒEMGCWU$CFGP$C[GTP2TGW­GP5CEJUGP9ÒTVVGODGTIFGO&GWVUEJGP4GKEJ WUYKPXGTUEJKGFGPGP/GVCNNGP CWEJ5KNDGT KPWPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP'TJCNVWPIGPVGKNUCP$·PFGTPVGKNU CP0CFGNP 5VÒEM+p++++++p++++++



ex 8416



-QPXQNWV FGWVUEJGP#WU\GKEJPWPIGP8QTYKGIGPFFGT$WPFGUUVCCVGPFGUFGWVUEJGP-CKUGTTGKEJGU WCCWU#PJCNV$CFGP*GUUGP4GWUU5CEJUGP9GKOCT5CEJUGP%QDWTI)QVJC5CEJUGP/GKPKPIGP WPF9ÒTVVGODGTI&C\WUKGDGPYGKVGTGVGKNUCWUN·PFKUEJG#WU\GKEJPWPIGP+PXGTUEJKGFGPGP/GVCNNGP CWEJ5KNDGTKPWPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP'TJCNVWPIGPVGKNUCP$·PFGTPVGKNUCP0CFGN&C\WÒDGT·NVGTGWPF PGWG$CPFCDUEJPKVV 5VÒEM++





-QPXQNWVXQPPGWP#WU\GKEJPWPIGP7CCWU*CODWTI *CPUGCVGPMTGW\ 2TGW­GP Z'-++  &GWVUEJGU4GKEJ&C\WXKGT/KPKCVWTGPWPF\YGK#PUVGEMPCFGNP8GTUEJKGFGPG/GVCNNGKPWPVGTUEJKGF NKEJGP'TJCNVWPIGPVGKNUCP$·PFGTP 5VÒEM++++p+++





-QPXQNWV XQP  FGWVUEJGP 'JTGP WPF #D\GKEJGP XQP XQT  7 C CWU $CFGP $TCWPUEJYGKI  *GUUGP1NFGPDWTIWPF2TGW­GPUQYKGXKGT'JTGP\GKEJGPWCCWU(TCPMTGKEJWPF4W­NCPF8GTUEJKG FGPG/GVCNNGKPWPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP'TJCNVWPIGPVGKNUCP$·PFGTPVGKNUCP0CFGNP 5VÒEM++

 203


PHALERISTISCHE LITERATUR

ex 8419 (1:2,5)



-QPXQNWV XQP CEJV 'JTGP WPF #D\GKEJGP 7 C '- ++  /WVVGTMTGW\ KP $TQP\G \YGK (TGK   OCWTGT$KLQWUWPFGKP5RTWPITKPICWUXGTIQNFGVGO5KNDGT 5VÃ&#x2019;EM++



ex 8420 (1:2,5)



5COONWPI XQP EC  #WU\GKEJPWPIUOKPKCVWTGP 8QTYKGIGPF FGT 5VCCVGP FGU &GWVUEJGP -CKUGT   TGKEJGU UQ WPVGT CPFGTGO CWU $CFGP $C[GTP *GUUGP 2TGW­GP 5CEJUGP 5CEJUGP/GKPKPIGP   9Ã&#x2019;TVVGODGTI KP XGTUEJKGFGPGP /GVCNNGP CWEJ 5KNDGT  VGKNU XGTIQNFGV VGKNU GOCKNNKGTV VGKNU CP $·PF   EJGPVGKNUCP5EJNGKHEJGPVGKNUCP-GVVEJGPKPWPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP'TJCNVWPIGP 5VÃ&#x2019;EM++++p+++



2*#.'4+56+5%*'.+6'4#674 

$QPCPPK2JKNKRRQ1TFKPWO'SWGUVTKWOGV/KNKVCTKWO%CVCNQIWUKP+OCIKPKDWUGZRQUKVWUEWO DTGXK PCTTCVKQPG =-CVCNQI FGT 4KVVGT WPF /KNKV·T1TFGP FCTIGUVGNNV KP $KNFGTP WPF OKV MWT\GT 'TN·W   VGTWPI? 'TUVG #WUICDG 4QO  (QTOCV  Z  EO KP NCVGKPKUEJGT WPF KVCNKGPKUEJGT 5RTCEJG   OKV6KVGNMWRHGT5GKVGPOKV-WRHGTUVKEJVCHGNPFCXQPOKV#DDKNFWPIGPXQP1TFGPUVTCEJVGP WPFOKV#DDKNFWPIGPXQP1TFGPUKPUKIPKGPKP5EJYGKPUNGFGTIGDWPFGP 44++p+++  5GNVGPG'TUVCWUICDGOKVCNNGP-WRHGTUVKEJVCHGNPGKPGUFGTDGFGWVGPFUVGPQTFGPUMWPFNKEJGP6KVGNFGU,CJTJWPFGTVU FCUUR·VGTKPYGKVGTGP#WHNCIGPWPFCWEJHTGOFURTCEJKIGP#WUICDGP WCKPFGWVUEJ GTUEJKGPGPKUV7OHCPITGKEJ DGDKNFGTVGU9GTMFGU,GUWKVGP$QPCPPKÃ&#x2019;DGTFKGUGKPGT\GKVDGMCPPVGPDGUVGJGPFGPGTNQUEJGPGPYKGCWEJUCIGPJCHVGP IGKUVNKEJGPWPFYGNVNKEJGP4KVVGTQTFGPOKV&CTUVGNNWPIKJTGT6TCEJVGPWPF+PUKIPKGP(Ã&#x2019;TFCUJQJG#NVGTIWVGTJCNVGP



=9CJNGP#WIWUVG?&CU$WEJFGT4KVVGTQTFGPWPF'JTGP\GKEJGP.GKR\KIHQTVIGUEJTKGDGPG#WH NCIG  +P FGWVUEJGT 5RTCEJG  5GKVGP OKV  JCPFMQNQTKGTVGP 1TFGPUVCHGNP PGW KP *CNDNGFGT   IGDWPFGP ++  0GDGP 5EJWN\G WPF $KGFGPHGNF FCU DGFGWVGPUVG FGWVUEJURTCEJKIG RJCNGTKUVKUEJG 9GTM FGU  ,CJTJWPFGTVU GKP   DKDNKQRJKNGU-NGKPQFYGIGPFGTPCJG\WGKPJWPFGTVJCPFMQNQTKGTVGP1TFGPUVCHGNP



9CNFQTH#UVQTKC)OD*1TFGP'KPG5COONWPIFGTDGMCPPVGUVGP&GWVUEJGP1TFGPWPF#WU \GKEJPWPIGP/Ã&#x2019;PEJGPQJPG,CJT<KICTGVVGPDKNFGTCNDWO)TQ­HQTOCV5GKVGPOKV(CTDCDDKNFWP IGP <KICTGVVGPDKNFEJGP MQORNGVVMCTVQPKGTV +++ 5EJQPCNU-NCUUKMGTMCPPOCPFKGUGU<KICTGVVGPDKNFGTCNDWOCWUFGP&TGK­KIGT,CJTGPDG\GKEJPGPIKDVGUFQEJGKPGP ªDGTDNKEM Ã&#x2019;DGT GKPGP ITQ­GP 6GKN FGT \CJNTGKEJGP Y·JTGPF FGU 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIU KP &GWVUEJNCPF FGO &GWVUEJGP   4GKEJWPFUGKPGT$WPFGUUVCCVGP DGUVGJGPFGPOKNKV·TKUEJGPWPF\KXKNGP1TFGP'JTGP\GKEJGPWPF#WU\GKEJPWPIGP

204




ERSTER WELTKRIEG

'456'49'.6-4+') 

+PVGTCNNKKGTVG5KGIGUOGFCKNNG-QPXQNWVXQPUKGDGPXGTUEJKGFGPGP'ZGORNCTGPCWU$GNIKGP(TCPM TGKEJ \YGKXGTUEJKGFGPG )TQ­DTKVCPPKGP+VCNKGP6UEJGEJQUNQYCMGKWPFFGP75# OKVXKGT)GHGEJVU URCPIGP HÒPHCP$·PFGTP 5VÒEM++



ex 8425 (1:2)



-QPXQNWV XQP FTGK 1TFGPUUEJPCNNGP FGU 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIU #WU $GNIKGP (TCPMTGKEJ WPF FGP 75#   LGYGKNUOKVFTGK#WU\GKEJPWPIGP FCDGKFKG75+PVGTCNNKKGTVG5KGIGUOGFCKNNGOKVHÒPH)GHGEJVUURCPIGP  5VÒEM++++p



ex 8426 (1:2)



&TGK /KPKCVWTGP )TWRRGP XQP 8GVGTCPGP FGU 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIU #WU $GNIKGP -GVVEJGP OKV CEJV   #WU\GKEJPWPIUOKPKCVWTGP(TCPMTGKEJ5EJPCNNGOKVUGEJU#WU\GKEJPWPIUOKPKCVWTGPWPF)TQ­DTKVCPPKGP OKV XKGT #WU\GKEJPWPIUOKPKCVWTGP OKV FC\WIGJÌTKIGT (GNFUEJPCNNG 8GTUEJKGFGP /GVCNNG KP WPVGT   UEJKGFNKEJGP'TJCNVWPIGP 5VÒEM++++p+++





-QPXQNWV XQP  'JTGP\GKEJGP #D\GKEJGP WPF 5VQHH#D\GKEJGP FGU 4QVGP -TGW\GU 7 C CWU   $GNIKGP $TCUKNKGP .GVVKUEJG 554 4WO·PKGP WPF 7PICTP XGTUEJKGFGPG /CVGTKCNKGP VGKNU XGTUKNDGTV   VGKNUXGTIQNFGVVGKNUGOCKNNKGTVQFGTNCEMKGTVVGKNUCP$·PFGTPQFGT0CFGNPKPQTFGPVNKEJGT'TJCNVWPI  5VÒEM++



-1081.76'+06'40#6+10#. 

-QPXQNWVOKVEC#WU\GKEJPWPIGPWPF#D\GKEJGP7CCWU(KPPNCPF)TQ­DTKVCPPKGPFGT0#61FGP 0KGFGTNCPFGP¤UVGTTGKEJ2QNGP5GTDKGPFGT5QYLGVWPKQPFGT6UEJGEJQUNQYCMGKWPFFGT701+PXGT UEJKGFGPGP/GVCNNGPKPWPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP'TJCNVWPIGPVGKNUCP$·PFGTPVGKNUCP0CFGNP 5VÒEM++





-QPXQNWV XQP UKGDGP XGTUEJKGFGPGP 1TFGP WPF 'JTGP\GKEJGP #WU $GNIKGP )TKGEJGPNCPF +VCNKGP   .WZGODWTI WPF FGT 5QYLGVWPKQP XGTUEJKGFGPG /GVCNNG CWEJ 5KNDGT  VGKNU GOCKNNKGTV KP WPVGTUEJKGFNK   EJGT'TJCNVWPICP$·PFGTPGKPGUCP5EJTCWDUEJGKDG ++++p+++



-QPXQNWV XQP ÒDGT  #WU\GKEJPWPIGP 7 C CWU $GNIKGP $WNICTKGP &GWVUEJGU 4GKEJ -CKUGTTGKEJ   (TCPMTGKEJ)TQ­DTKVCPPKGP+VCNKGP-CKUGTTGKEJ¤UVGTTGKEJ7PICTP75#KPXGTUEJKGFGPGP/GVCNNGP

CWEJ5KNDGT VGKNUGOCKNNKGTVITÌ­VGPVGKNUCP$·PFGTPKPWPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP'TJCNVWPIGP  5VÒEM++++p+++++++8



-QPXQNWV XQP  XGTUEJKGFGPGP \KXKNGP WPF OKNKV·TKUEJGP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP 7 C CWU FGT &&4   (KPPNCPF)TKGEJGPNCPF,CRCP/CFCICUMCT/[CPOCT $KTOC 2TGW­GP6JCKNCPFWPF<CKTGXGTUEJKG FGPG /GVCNNG CWEJ 5KNDGT  VGKNU XGTIQNFGV QFGT XGTUKNDGTV VGKNU GOCKNNKGTV QFGT NCEMKGTV CP $·PFGTP   6TCIGURCPIGPQFGT0CFGNP 5VÒEM++



-QPXQNWV XQP EC  #WU\GKEJPWPIGP WPF #D\GKEJGP 7 C CWU &·PGOCTM (KPPNCPF (TCPMTGKEJ   )TQ­DTKVCPPKGP -WYCKV 2QNGP 5CWFK #TCDKGP 5EJYGFGP FGT 5QYLGVWPKQP WPF FGP 75# XGTUEJKG   FGPG /GVCNNG VGKNU GOCKNNKGTV VGKNU CP $·PFGTP QFGT CP0CFGNPKPWPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP'TJCNVWPIGPGKPG KO'VWK 5VÒEM++



-QPXQNWVXQPXKGT#WU\GKEJPWPIGP#WU$GNIKGP(KPPNCPF2TGW­GPWPF¤UVGTTGKEJFC\W(TGKOCWTGT 5EJ·TRGOKVVGKNYGKUGGOCKNNKGTVGO$TWUVUVGTP8GTUEJKGFGPG/GVCNNGKPWPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP'TJCNVWPIGP 5VÒEM+++++











205


MINIATUREN INTERNATIONAL

ex 8434 (1:1)

/+0+#674'0+06'40#6+10#. 

/KPKCVWTGPURCPIG OKV CEJV 1TFGPUOKPKCVWTGP CNNG OKV &KCOCPVTQUGP DGUGV\V   $TCUKNKGP 4GRW   DNKM 1TFGP XQO -TGW\ FGU 5ÒFGPU 1TFGPUFGMQTCVKQP CO HCNUEJGP $·PFEJGP   +VCNKGP -ÌPKITGKEJ   1TFGP FGU -QNQPKCNUVGTPU 1HHK\KGTUFGMQTCVKQP #WUHÒJTWPI OKV FGO /QPQITCOO FGU ++ 6[RU     $GNIKGP 1TFGP .GQRQNF ++  /QFGNN   4KVVGTMTGW\   +VCNKGP -ÌPKITGKEJ 1TFGP FGT   +VCNKGPKUEJGP -TQPG $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­MTGW\   5QWXGT·PGT /CNVGUGT 4KVVGTQTFGP 1TFGPUMTGW\    *GKNKIGT5VWJN4KVVGTQTFGPXQO*GKNKIG)TCD$TWUVUVGTP\WO)TQ­MTGW\ #WUHÒJTWPI  +VCNKGP -ÌPKITGKEJ5V/CWTKVKWUWPF5V.C\CTWU1TFGP1HHK\KGTUMTGW\ *GKNKIGT5VWJN1TFGPXQOJGKNKIGP 2CRUV5[NXGUVGT4KVVGTMTGW\)QNFQFGT5KNDGTVGKNGOCKNNKGTVOKVKPUIGUCOV&KCOCPVTQUGP 'EJVJGKV IGRTÒHV DGUGV\VCP6TCIGURCPIGOKV0CFGN 5VÒEM+p++  #NNGCEJV/KPKCVWTGPKPNWZWTKÌUGT#WUUVCVVWPIOKVGEJVGP&KCOCPVGPWPFXQPCNNGTHGKPUVGT#PHGTVKIWPIUSWCNKV·VCWU FGT GTUVGP *·NHVG FGU  ,CJTJWPFGTVU &KG 8GTYGPFWPI FGU 4QVGP $CPFGU DGK FGT 'TUVGP /KPKCVWT FGWVGV FCTCWH   JKPFC­JKGTYQJNGKPG&GMQTCVKQPFGUHTCP\ÌUKUEJGP1TFGPUFGT'JTGPNGIKQPCPIGDTCEJVYGTFGPUQNNVGXGTUGJGPV NKEJLGFQEJFKG/KPKCVWTFGMQTCVKQPFGUDTCUKNKCPKUEJGP1TFGPXQO-TGW\FGU5ÒFGPUIGPQOOGPYWTFGFKGUKEJXQP FGT GTUVGTGP FWTEJ FKG<YGKHCTDKIMGKVFGT$NCVVMT·P\GUQYKGFWTEJFKGWPVGTUEJKGFNKEJG)GUVCNVWPIFGU4ÒEMUGKVGP OGFCKNNQPUWPVGTUEJGKFGV





-QPXQNWV XQP EC  #WU\GKEJPWPIUOKPKCVWTGP 7 C CWU (TCPMTGKEJ FTGKOCN 'JTGPNGIKQP  )TQ­   DTKVCPPKGP +PFKGP +VCNKGP 2QNGP 4WO·PKGP 6UEJGEJQUNQYCMGK 7PICTP75#8GTUEJKGFGPG/GVCNNG WPVGTUEJKGFNKEJG'TJCNVWPIGPVGKNUGOCKNNKGTVOGKUVCP$·PFEJGP 5VÒEM++



-QPXQNWVXQP#WU\GKEJPWPIUOKPKCVWTGP7CCWU$GNIKUEJ-QPIQ(KPPNCPF(TCPMTGKEJ4WO· PKGP FKGUGKP)QNFCDGTDGUEJ·FKIV 5EJYGFGP*GKNKIGT5VWJN+PXGTUEJKGFGPGP/GVCNNGP CWEJ)QNF WPF5KNDGT VGKNUGOCKNNKGTVVGKNUCP$·PFEJGPKPWPVGTUEJKGFNKEJGP'TJCNVWPIGP 5VÒEM++++++8



8437

70$'-#006'#75<'+%*070)'0  206

7PDGMCPPVGOKNKV·TKUEJG#WU\GKEJPWPI5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVVGKNYGKUGGOCKNNKGTVCO$CPFOKV#ITCHHG ++




KÖNIGREICH BELGIEN

8438

8441

8440

8439

-¤0+)4'+%*$'.)+'0 

.GQRQNF1TFGP=1TFTGFG.¾QRQNF.GQRQNFUQTFG?/QFGNN OKVGKPURTCEJKIGT/GFCKNNQPWOUEJTKHV  4KVVGTMTGW\#WUICDGOKV+KO4GXGTUOGFCKNNQPWPF-TQPGFGU6[RUENCUUKSWG5KNDGT VGKNYGKUG XGTIQNFGV GOCKNNKGTV CO $CPF HÒT -TKGIUGKPUCV\  OKV GOCKNNKGTVGT $CPFURCPIG HÒT   *KPVGTDNKGDGPG$9-<- ++



5EJQPMWT\PCEJFGT6JTQPDGUVGKIWPI CO,WPK JCV-ÌPKI.GQRQNF+CO,WNKFKGUGPCNU\WP·EJUV XKGTMNCUUKIGP <KXKN WPF /KNKV·TXGTFKGPUVQTFGP IGUVKHVGV /KV -ÌPKINKEJGO &GMTGV XQO  /CK  GTJKGNV FGT   1TFGP GKPG YGKVGTG -NCUUG FKG FGT )TQ­QHHK\KGTG FKG PWT CWU GKPGO $TWUVUVGTP QJPG YGKVGTG +PUKIPKGP YKG *CNU   QFGT $TWUVMTGW\G DGUVCPF 7O FGT<YGKURTCEJKIMGKVFGU.CPFGU4GEJPWPI\WVTCIGPJCV-ÌPKI$CWFQWKP+UEJQP MWT\PCEJªDGTPCJOGFGT4GIKGTWPI CO,WNK OKV&GMTGVXQP1MVQDGTXGTHÒIVFC­MÒPHVKICWH CNNGPUVCCVNKEJGP1TFGPWPF'JTGP\GKEJGPFKG+PUEJTKHVGPUQYQJNKPHTCP\ÌUKUEJYKGCWEJHN·OKUEJCP\WDTKPIGPUKPF



.GQRQNF1TFGP=1TFTGFG.¾QRQNF.GQRQNFUQTFG?/QFGNN OKVGKPURTCEJKIGT/GFCKNNQPWOUEJTKHV  -QOOCPFGWTMTGW\ZOO)QNFVGKNYGKUGHGKPUV\KUGNKGTVGOCKNNKGTVIOKV HGKPIGMÌTFGNVGOUVCTTGO#WHJ·PIWPIUTKPIQJPG*CNUDCPF$9-<- 4+



*GTXQTTCIGPFG#PHGTVKIWPICWUFGT/KVVGFGU,CJTJWPFGTVUOKVIGYÌNDVGO8QTFGTUGKVGPOGFCKNNQPKPQRVKOCNGT 'TJCNVWPIUSWCNKV·V





.GQRQNF1TFGP=1TFTGFG.¾QRQNF.GQRQNFUQTFG?/QFGNN OKVGKPURTCEJKIGT/GFCKNNQPWOUEJTKHV    1HHK\KGTUMTGW\ #WUICDG OKV -TQPG FGU 6[RU ¾NCTIK EC   )QNF GOCKNNKGTV   IGKPKIG#DRNCV\WPIGPKPFGTITÒPGP'OCKNNGXQP#XGTUWPF4GXGTUUQYKGMCWOUKEJVDCTGT%JKR KP FGT UEJYCT\GP 'OCKNNG FGU 4GXGTUOGFCKNNQPU CO CNVGP $CPF OKV CWHIGNGIVGT 4QUGVVG $9-    <- ++



.GQRQNF1TFGP=1TFTGFG.¾QRQNF.GQRQNFUQTFG?/QFGNN OKVGKPURTCEJKIGT/GFCKNNQPWOUEJTKHV  4KVVGTMTGW\#WUICDGOKV-TQPGFGU6[RUCRNCVK5KNDGTVGKNYGKUGXGTIQNFGVGOCKNNKGTV CO$CPFOKV6TCIGTCJG$9-<- ++

 207


KÃ&#x2013;NIGREICH BELGIEN

8443

8442







-TQPGP1TFGP =1TFG FG NC %QWTQPPG  -TQQPQTFG? -QOOCPFGWTUFGMQTCVKQP 5KNDGT XGTIQNFGV WPF   GOCKNNKGTV QDGTHN·EJNKEJGT 'OCKNNGEJKR CWH FGO #XGTU FGU TGEJVGP WPVGTGP #TOU CO WPIGVTCIGPGP   *CNUDCPFHÃ&#x2019;T-TKGIUGKPUCV\OKV\YGKCWHIGNGIVGPIQNFHCTDGPGP5VGTPGPHÃ&#x2019;TCW­GTQTFGPVNKEJGP -TKGIUGKPUCV\$9-<- ++p



-TQPGP1TFGP=1TFGFGNC%QWTQPPG-TQQPQTFG?4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP5KNDGTVGKNYGKUGXGTIQNFGVWPF GOCKNNKGTV CO $CPF HÃ&#x2019;T -TKGIUGKPUCV\  OKV GOCKNNKGTVGT $CPFURCPIG HÃ&#x2019;T *KPVGTDNKGDGPG   $9-<- +p++



-TQPGP1TFGP =1TFG FG NC %QWTQPPG  -TQQPQTFG?-TQPGP/GFCKNNG/QFGNN OKVGKPURTCEJKIGT +PUEJTKHV    $TQP\GPG /GFCKNNG CO $CPF OKV $CPFURCPIG HÃ&#x2019;T 8GVGTCPGP XGTIQNFGV VGKN   YGKUG GOCKNNKGTV &C\W 9KGFGTUVCPFU/GFCKNNG CO $CPF OKV GOCKNNKGTVGT $CPFURCPIG HÃ&#x2019;T *KPVGTDNKG   DGPG 5VÃ&#x2019;EM++



8446

8445



1TFGP .GQRQNFU ++ =1TFTG FG .¾QRQNF ++  1TFG XCP .GQRQNF ++?  /QFGNN OKV \YGKURTCEJKIGT   /GFCKNNQPWOUEJTKHVUGKV $TWUVUVGTP\WO)TQ­QHHK\KGT5KNDGTVGKNYGKUGXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTV CWHFGT4Ã&#x2019;EMUGKVG*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPIFGT(KTOC2&G)TGGHKP$TÃ&#x2019;UUGNCP0CFGNOKV\YGK5GKVGP JCMGP \WUCOOGP OKV -PQRHNQEJTQUGVVG KO QTKIKPCNGP IQNFGP DGFTWEMVGP 8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK   $9-XCT<- ++ 8GTNKGJGPCP)GPGTCN4KEECTFQ$KUQIPKGTQ IGD XQPDKU%JGHFGUKVCNKGPKUEJGP)GPGTCNUVCDGUFGT 8GTVGKFKIWPI  &GT $TWUVUVGTP YKTF CNNGKPG QJPG YGKVGTG &GMQTCVKQPGP YKG *CNU QFGT $TWUVMTGW\ XGTNKGJGP WPF   IGVTCIGP





208



1TFGP.GQRQNFU++=1TFTGFG.¾QRQNF++1TFGXCP.GQRQNF++?/QFGNN OKVGKPURTCEJKIGT/G FCKNNQPWOUEJTKHV 4KVVGTMTGW\5KNDGTVGKNYGKUGGOCKNNKGTVCO$CPFHÃ&#x2019;T-TKGIUGKPUCV\ OKVGOCKNNKGTVGT$CPFURCPIGHÃ&#x2019;T*KPVGTDNKGDGPG$9-<- ++



<KXKNXGTFKGPUV#WU\GKEJPWPI-QPXQNWVFGT-TGW\GWPF-NCUUGWPFFGT/GFCKNNGDKU-NCUUG $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV D\Y XGTUKNDGTV GKPG 5KNDGT LGYGKNU CO $CPF HÃ&#x2019;T VTGWGP &KGPUV KP FGT 8GTYCNVWPI   UQYKG <KXKNXGTFKGPUV#WU\GKEJPWPI  DKU  /GFCKNNG  WPF  -NCUUG $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV D\Y   XGTUKNDGTVLGYGKNUCO$CPFOKV$CPFURCPIG 5VÃ&#x2019;EM++




KÃ&#x2013;NIGREICH BELGIEN

8449

8450

8451

ex 8448



'JTGP\GKEJGPFGT#TDGKVU.CWTGCVGP$TQP\GGOCKNNKGTVCO$CPFKO1TKIKPCNGVWKFC\WGKPYGKVGTGU $TQP\GXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCO$CPF 5VÃ&#x2019;EM++





'JTGP\GKEJGP HÃ&#x2019;T +PFWUVTKG WPF .CPF#TDGKVGT #DVGKNWPI HÃ&#x2019;T +PFWUVTKGCTDGKVGT  /QFGNN OKV   \YGKURTCEJKIGT /GFCKNNQPKPUEJTKHV  &GMQTCVKQP  -NCUUG $TQP\G XGTUKNDGTV VGKNYGKUG XGTIQNFGV WPF   GOCKNNKGTV CO $CPF OKV CWHIGNGIVGT 4QUGVVG WPF $CPFURCPIG HÃ&#x2019;T #TDGKVUQRHGT #4$'+655.#%*6   1(('4/146#764#8#+.$9- ++





-TKGIUGTKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG$TQP\GCO$CPFOKVXKGT$CPFURCPIGP'/&'0#4&'0 0'5$'.)+37'WPF014/#0&+'UQYKGMNGKPGPIGMTGW\VGP5·DGNP ++





-TKGIUGTKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG  $TQP\G CO $CPF OKV XKGT $CPFURCPIGP $#6 & #0).'   6'44' #4&'00'5 $'.)'5 &+'22' WPF %#/2 & #..'/#)0' UQYKG MNGKPGP   IGMTGW\VGP5·DGNPWPF#WHNCIG(4#0%' ++



8452



8453

8454

8455

-TKGIUGTKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG  $TQP\G CO $CPF OKV XKGT $CPFURCPIGP %#/2 &' *1.   .#0&'014/#0&+'#4&'00'5$'.)'5WPF$#6& #0).'6'44'UQYKGMNGKPGP IGMTGW\VGP5·DGNP ++



-TKGIUGTKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG  $TQP\G CO $CPF OKV HÃ&#x2019;PH $CPFURCPIGP %#/2 &' *1.   .#0&' 014/#0&+' %#0#. &' 9'55'/ %#0#. #.$'46 WPF $#6 &'   $'.)+37'UQYKGMNGKPGPIGMTGW\VGP5·DGNP ++





-TKGIUGTKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG  $TQP\G CO $CPF OKV HÃ&#x2019;PH $CPFURCPIGP 1.&'0$74)   014/#0&+' #4&'00'5 $'.)'5 '/&'0 WPF$'.)+37'UQYKGMNGKPGPIGMTGW\VGP 5·DGNPIGMTGW\VGP$NKV\GPWPFTQVGO-TGW\ ++





-TKGIUGTKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG  $TQP\G CO $CPF OKV \YGK $CPFURCPIGP #6.#06+37'   014&WPF/#0%*'UQYKGMNGKPGPIGMTGW\VGP#PMGTP ++





209


BOSNIEN UND HERZEGOWINA

ex 8458 8456

8457



-TKGIUGTKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG  $TQP\G CO $CPF OKV GKPGT $CPFURCPIG %#0#. &'   9'55'/WPF#WHNCIG(4#0%'UQYKGMNGKPGPIGMTGW\VGP5·DGNP ++





-TKGIUGTKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG  $TQP\G CO $CPF OKVFTGK$CPFURCPIGP;17)15.#9+' +6#.+'WPF9#.%*'4'0UQYKGMNGKPGPIGMTGW\VGP5·DGNP ++





-QPXQNWV XQP  XGTUEJKGFGPGP #WU\GKEJPWPIGP <KXKNG WPF OKNKV·TKUEJG FGU 'TUVGP WPF <YGKVGP   9GNVMTKGIU UQYKG GKPG /KPKCVWT XGTUEJKGFGPG /GVCNNG VGKNU GOCKNNKGTV KP XQT\ÒINKEJGO <WUVCPF LG   YGKNUCPFGPMQTTGMVGP$·PFGTP 5VÒEM++



8459

8461 8460



/KPKCVWTGPUEJPCNNG GKPGU 8GVGTCPGP FGU 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIU OKV  #WU\GKEJPWPIGP   1TFGP   .GQRQNF ++ 4KVVGTMTGW\   -TKGIUMTGW\    ;UGT-TGW\   +PVGTCNNKKGTVG 5KGIGUOGFCKNNG    -TKGIUGTKPPGTWPIUOGFCKNNG ,WDKN·WOUOGFCKNNG /KNKV·T'JTGP\GKEJGP  ,WDKN·WOUOGFCKNNG    )QNFGPG 2CNOGP FGU -TQPGPQTFGPU   )QNFGPG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG FGU   1TFGPU.GQRQNF++ #TDGKVGT#WU\GKEJPWPI-NCUUG#P0CFGN 5VÒEM++





/KPKCVWTGPUEJPCNNG GKPGU 8GVGTCPGP FGU 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGIUOKVUGEJU#WU\GKEJPWPIGP .GQRQNF 1TFGP 4KVVGTMTGW\   -TQPGPQTFGP 4KVVGTFGMQTCVKQP   -TKGIUMTGW\  OKV 2CNOGP   )QN    FGPGU <KXKNXGTFKGPUVMTGW\   -TKGIUFGPMOÒP\G  OKV FTGK $CPFURCPIGP   +PVGTCNNKKGTVG   5KGIGUOGFCKNNG 5VÒEM++



$150+'070&*'4<')19+0# 5'4$+5%*'4'27$.+- 

0LGIQU1TFGP =Îðäåí Œåãîøà?  /QFGNN -NGKPQF KP /GFCKNNGPHQTO  !  5GV FGT  -NCUUG   DGUVGJGPFCWU-NGKPQF$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVCOQTKIKPCNGP5EJWNVGTDCPFWPF$TWUVUVGTP$TQP\GXGTIQN FGV VGKNYGKUG GOCKNNKGTV 'OCKNNGOCNGTGK CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG -NGOOXQTTKEJVWPI KO QTKIKPCNGP IQNFGP   DGFTWEMVGP8GTNGKJWPIUGVWK82'5 5VÒEM444++ 7PUGTGU 9KUUGPU KUV FKGUGT UGJT UGNVGPG 1TFGP PQEJ PKG KO *CPFGN CPIGDQVGP YQTFGP&GT FTGKMNCUUKIG 1TFGP HÒT   8GTFKGPUVGWOFKG.CPFYKTVUEJCHV9KUUGPUEJCHVWPF-WNVWTYWTFGCO#RTKNKP$CPLC.WMCXQPFGT0CVKQ PCNXGTUCOONWPIFGT5GTDKUEJGP4GRWDNKMKP$QUPKGPWPF*GT\GIQYKPC=4GRWDNKMC5TRUMC?IGUVKHVGV<WGKPGOPKEJV DGMCPPVGPUR·VGTGP<GKVRWPMV XQT YWTFGFCU-NGKPQFIG·PFGTVKPFGODKUJGTKIGOGFCKNNGPHÌTOKIGFWTEJGKP -TGW\KP(QTOFGT#WHNCIGFGU$TWUVUVGTPUGTUGV\VYWTFG

210




BULGARIEN

8462

8464

<#4'067/   



8463

$7.)#4+'0

1TFGP ō(ÒT 6CRHGTMGKVŌ =Îðäåí „Çà Õðàáðîñò“?  /QFGNN OKVFGT,CJTGU\CJNCWHFGOXQT FGTUGKVKIGP/GFCKNNQPTKPI -TGW\+8-NCUUG5VWHG$TQP\GXGTUKNDGTVVGKNYGKUGXGTIQN FGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVCOQTKIKPCNGPCNVGP&TGKGEMUDCPF$9-<- ++



1TFGP ō5V #NGZCPFGTŋ =Îðäåí „Ñâ. Àëåêñàíäúð“ D\Y 1TFGP ō5V #NGZCPFGT 0GYUM[ŋ Îðäåí   „Ñâ. Àëåêñàíäúð Íåâñêèé“?  /QFGNN OKVUQIGPCPPVGTGEMKIGTDWNICTKUEJGT<CTGPMTQPG    $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­MTGW\ 5KNDGT VGKNYGKUG XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV 5EJTKHV WPF   <YGKIGUGRCTCVCWHFGP/GFCKNNQPTKPICWHIGNGIVCP0CFGNFKGUGOKVHTCP\ÌUKUEJGT*GTUVGNNGTRWP\GWPF HTCP\ÌUKUEJG)CTCPVKGRWP\GHÒT5KNDGT 'DGTMQRH UGKV NGV\VGTGCWEJCWHFGO0CFGNJCMGP OKV\YGK 5GKVGPJCMGP$9-<- +p++



/KV7MCUXQO&G\GODGTUVKHVGVG#NGZCPFGT+XQP$CVVGPDGTI(ÒTUVXQP$WNICTKGPFGP\WP·EJUVHÒPHMNCU UKIGP + DKU 8 -NCUUG  CNNIGOGKPGP 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP OKV CHHKNKKGTVGO 5KNDGTPGP <GKEJGP  /QFGNN  'T YWTFG \W   'JTGPFGTTWUUKUEJGP$GHTGKGT$WNICTKGPUPCEJFGOTWUUKUEJGP0CVKQPCNJGNFGPWPFJGKNKIGP)TQ­HÒTUV5V#NGZCPFGT 0GYUM[ EC DGPCPPV(ÒTFGP(ÒTUVGPCNU)TQ­OGKUVGTFGU1TFGPUYCTGKPG-QNNCPG CDō)TQ­G -QNNCPGŋ IGPCPPV  XQTIGUGJGP  YWTFGP HÒT -TKGIU\GKVGP 5EJYGTVGT FWTEJ FKG /KVVG HÒT 6CRHGTMGKV XQT FGO   (GKPFGWPF5EJYGTVGTÒDGTFGO-TGW\IGUVKHVGV/KV7MCU0T(ÒTUV(GTFKPCPFU+XQO#WIWUVYWTFG FCU5KNDGTPG-TGW\KP8+-NCUUGWODGPCPPVWPFFKGUQIGPCPPVGō-NGKPG-QNNCPGŋHÒTHTGOFG5QWXGT·PGWPFFGTGP (COKNKGPOKVINKGFGT UQYKG HÒT JGTXQTTCIGPFG 2GTUÌPNKEJMGKVGP IGUVKHVGV+P (QNIG FGT 'TNCPIWPI FGT XQNNUV·PFKIGP   7PCDJ·PIKIMGKV $WNICTKGPU WPF UGKPGT 2TQMNCOCVKQP \WO <CTGPVWO KO ,CJTG  YWTFGP FKG -QNNCPGP PGW   IGUVCNVGV FKG DKUJGTKIG ō+ -NCUUGŋ KP ō)TQ­MTGW\ŋ WODGPCPPV WPF GKPG PGWG ō+ -NCUUGŋ OKV ITÒP GOCKNNKGTVGO   -NGKPQFIGUVKHVGVUQYKGFKG-NCUUGPGW ITÒPGOCKNNKGTV IGUVCNVGV /QFGNN &CU)TQ­MTGW\WPFFKG+DKU+++ -NCUUG MQPPVGP CWEJ KP $TKNNCPVGP XGTNKGJGP YGTFGP <YKUEJGP  WPF  YWTFG OWVOC­NKEJ FKG   )TQ­OGKUVGTMQNNCPG PQEJ GKPOCN PGW IGUVCNVGV 0CEJ UGKPGT 4GIKGTWPIUÒDGTPCJOG WPVGTVGKNVG <CT $QTKU +++ FKG       WPF FKG  -NCUUG KP \YGK 5VWHGP LGYGKNU OKV WPF QJPG -TQPG #O  5GRVGODGT  KP (QNIG FGU   'KPOCTUEJGUFGT5QYLGVWPKQPÒDGTPCJOGKPGUQIGPCPPVGō8QNMUHTQPVTGIKGTWPIŋFKG/CEJVWPFGPVOCEJVGVGHCMVKUEJ FGP HÒT FGP OKPFGTL·JTKIGP -ÌPKI 5KOGQP UGKV  TGIKGTGPFGP 4GIGPVUEJCHVUTCV $KU CWH FKG 'PVHGTPWPI FGU   5CEJUGPUEJKNFGUCWHFGT$TWUVFGU9CRRGP.ÌYGPFGU$TWUVUVGTPUFGT+WPFFGU-TGW\GUFGT+++-NCUUGGTHQNIVGP MGKPGYGKVGTGP8GT·PFGTWPIGP /QFGNN &KG&GEMGNFGT8GTNGKJWPIUGVWKUYWTFGPLGFQEJPGWIGUVCNVGV0CEJFGO CO5GRVGODGTKPGKPGT8QNMUCDUVKOOWPIFKG/QPCTEJKGCDIGUEJCHHVYQTFGPYCTTKGH)GQTIK&KOKVTQXCO  5GRVGODGT  FKG 4GRWDNKM CWU YQTCWH FGT 0COG FGU 1TFGPU 1TFGP ō5V #NGZCPFGT 0GYUM[ŋ  WPF FKG   +PUKIPKGP FGU 1TFGPU IG·PFGTV YWTFGP &KG CWH FGO -QRH FGU 9CRRGP.ÌYGP GKPKIGT +PUKIPKGP UKV\GPFG -TQPG   YWTFGGPVHGTPVWPFFKG-TQPGPªDGTJÌJWPIFWTEJGKPGPUVKNKUKGTVGPJTGPMTCP\GTUGV\V /QFGNN &KGUGU/QFGNN XGTHÒIVGOWVOC­NKEJYGFGTÒDGTGKPG)TQ­OGKUVGTMQNNCPGPQEJÒDGTGKPGUQIGPCPPVGō-NGKPG-QNNCPGŋ&KGNGV\VGP 8GTNGKJWPIGPFGU1TFGPUGTHQNIVGP2CXNQX 2#5 \WHQNIGCO,WPK#O,WPKKUVFGT1TFGPRGT 7MCUFGU/KPKUVGTTCVGUCDIGUEJCHHVYQTFGP#NNGTFKPIUYKTFGTXQP5KOGQPFGONGV\VGP-ÌPKIXQP$WNICTKGPDKUKP FKG )GIGPYCTV CNU *CWUQTFGP YGKVGT XGTNKGJGP &GUUGP +PUKIPKGP \GKIGP PWPOGJT IGPGTGNN FGP IGMTÌPVGP DWNICTK   UEJGP.ÌYGP /QFGNN 



1TFGP ō5V #NGZCPFGTŋ =Îðäåí „Ñâ. Àëåêñàíäúð“ D\Y 1TFGP ō5V #NGZCPFGT 0GYUM[ŋ =Îðäåí   „Ñâ. Àëåêñàíäúð Íåâñêèé“?  /QFGNN OKVUQIGPCPPVGTGEMKIGTDWNICTKUEJGT<CTGPMTQPG  -NGKPQF\WT-NCUUG CD OKV5EJYGTVGTP5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVQJPG 2WP\KGTWPICOQTKIKPCNGPCNVGP5EJWNVGTDCPF$9-<- 44++

 211


BULGARIEN

8467

8466

8465



1TFGP ō5V #NGZCPFGTŋ =Îðäåí „Ñâ. Àëåêñàíäúð“ D\Y 1TFGP ō5V #NGZCPFGT 0GYUM[ŋ Îðäåí   „Ñâ. Àëåêñàíäúð Íåâñêèé“?  /QFGNN OKVUQIGPCPPVGTGEMKIGTDWNICTKUEJGT<CTGPMTQPG  -TGW\\WT-NCUUGOKV5EJYGTVGTPÒDGTFGO-TGW\5KNDGTXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTV KPFGT¤UG*GTUVGNNGTRWP\G(4FGT(KTOC4QVJGWPF0GHHGKP9KGPÌUVGTTGKEJKUEJG)CTCPVKGRWP\GHÒT GT 5KNDGT  9KPFJWPFMQRH  XQP  DKU  WPF #OVURWP\G # CO QTKIKPCNGP *CNUDCPF   $9-<- +p++



#WHITWPFFGT2WP\GP#PHGTVKIWPIXQPXQT



1TFGP ō5V #NGZCPFGTŋ =Îðäåí „Ñâ. Àëåêñàíäúð“? D\Y 1TFGP ō5V #NGZCPFGT 0GYUM[ŋ Îðäåí   „Ñâ. Àëåêñàíäúð Íåâñêèé“?  /QFGNN OKVUQIGPCPPVGTGEMKIGTDWNICTKUEJGT<CTGPMTQPG    -TGW\ +8 -NCUUG OKV -TQPG  $TQP\G XGTIQNFGV WPF GOCKNNKGTV CO QTKIKPCNGP &TGK   GEMUDCPFOKVCWHIGNGIVGT4QUGVVG$9-<- ++



#PHGTVKIWPIYQJNCWUFGT<GKVFGU<YGKVGP9GNVMTKGIGU



'JTGP\GKEJGP ō<CTKP 'NGQPQTGŋ =ÏQ÷Gòíè ÇíCê „Öaðèíà Åëåîíîðà“?  /QFGNN OKV FGP ,CJTGU   \CJNGP     #WUHÒJTWPI HÒT *GTTGP 5KNDGT VGKNYGKUG GOCKNNKGTV CWH FGO 4GXGTU   RWP\KGTVCOPGWGP$CPF ++



&CU GKPMNCUUKIG 'JTGP\GKEJGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FCU4QVG-TGW\Y·JTGPFFGT$CNMCPMTKGIGYWTFGXQP<CT(GTFK PCPF + CO  #WIWUV  IGUVKHVGV  /QFGNN  0CEJ 'KPVTKVV $WNICTKGPU KP FGP 'TUVGP 9GNVMTKGI YWTFG FCU   'JTGP\GKEJGPXQP<CT(GTFKPCPFGTPGWGTVWPFDKUXGTNKGJGP /QFGNN 

8470 8468



8469

#D\GKEJGP HÒT #WUIG\GKEJPGVGP /KNKV·TFKGPUV  /QFGNN !  #D\GKEJGP  -NCUUG  

HÒT7PVGTQHHK\KGTG #WUHÒJTWPIOKVGOCKNNKGTVGO(GNF$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVVGKNYGKUGGOCKNNKGTVCWHFGO 4GXGTU*GTUVGNNGTDG\GKEJPWPIFGT(KTOC5VTCEJKN/KNQUEJGYKP5QHKCCP0CFGN$9- ++





#D\GKEJGPHÒT(NWICWUDKNFGTFGT.WHVYCHHG5KNDGTVGKNYGKUGGOCKNNKGTVCP5EJTCWDGOKV)GIGPRNCVVG WPF5EJTCWDUEJGKDG$9- ++





5RQTV(NWI\GWIHÒJTGT#D\GKEJGP#WUHÒJTWPIWPVGT<CT$QTKU+++$TQP\GXGTIQNFGVCP0CFGN

212

++




KÖNIGREICH DÄNEMARK

8471 8472

8473

-¤0+)4'+%*&0'/#4- 

&CPPGDTQI1TFGP =&CPPGDTQIQTFGPGP? $TWUVUVGTP \WO )TQ­MTGW\ HTCP\ÌUKUEJG#PHGTVKIWPI5KNDGT DTKNNCPVKGTVWPFTGRGTEKGTVVGKNYGKUGXGTIQNFGVWPFGOCKNNKGTVUVCTMIGFWPMGNVCWHFGO4GXGTU*GTUVGNNGT DG\GKEJPWPIFGT(KTOC.GOCÄVTGKP2CTKUCP0CFGNOKV\YGK5GKVGPJCMGP$9-<- ++



&CDKUFCU)TQ­MTGW\FGU&CPPGDTQI1TFGPUOKVGKPGOIGUVKEMVGP$TWUVUVGTPXGTNKGJGPYWTFGYCTGPFKG 6T·IGTIG\YWPIGPWOGKPGIGYKUUG2TCMVKMCDKNKV·VDGKO6TCIGP\WJCDGPUKEJ<YGKVCPHGTVKIWPIGPXQP$TWUVUVGT PGPKP/GVCNN\WDGUEJCHHGPYCUFGTGPITQ­GP8CTKCPVGP4GKEJVWOGTMN·TV  &GT &CPPGDTQI1TFGP YWTFG CO  1MVQDGT  XQP -ÌPKI %JTKUVKCP 8 XQP &·PGOCTM WPF 0QTYGIGP     KP 'TPGWGTWPI GKPGU UEJQP XQP-ÌPKI9CNFGOCT++XQP&·PGOCTM  IGUVKHVGVGP4KVVGTQTGPU GTPGWGTV<WP·EJUVPWTCWUGKPGT-NCUUGDGVGJGPFGTYGKVGTVGKJP-ÌPKI(TGFGTKM8+XQP&·PGOCTMWPF0QTYGIGP

  CO  ,WPK  \W GKPGO CWU XKGT -NCUUGP )TQ­MQOOCPFGWT  CD  FKG QDGTUVG -NCUUG    )TQ­MTGW\4KVVGT -QOOCPFGWT WPF 4KVVGT  DGUVGJGPFGP CNNIGOGKPGP 8GTFKGPUVQTFGP CNU ·W­GTGU <GKEJGP   CPGTMCPPVGT$ÒTIGTRHNKEJVHÒTCNNG7PVGTVCPGPQJPG4ÒEMUKEJVCWH5VCPFQFGT#FGN 1JO*KGTQP[OWUUGPK