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6KVGNHQVQ 0T  

RUSSLAND, KAISERREICH Katharina II., 1762-1796. 10 Rubel 1772, St. Petersburg. 13,04 g. Bitkin 25 (R); Diakov 274 (R1); Fb. 129 a.


AUKTION 186 Russische Münzen und Medaillen Goldprägungen ZEIT

Donnerstag, 17. März 2011 11.30 Uhr - 13.00 Uhr 14.00 Uhr - 18.30 Uhr Freitag, 18. März 2011 09.30 Uhr - 13.00 Uhr 14.00 Uhr - 15.30 Uhr

ORT

Steigenberger Hotel Remarque Osnabrück, Natruper-Tor-Wall 1

AUKTIONS-TELEFON

+49 (0)541 60 96 633

AUKTIONS-FAX

+49 (0)541 60 96 634

Auktionen 182-187, März 2011 14. MÄRZ 2011

Auktion 182 Münzen aus der Welt der Antike

14./15. MÄRZ 2011

Auktion 183 Münzen und Medaillen aus Mittelalter und Neuzeit

15./16. MÄRZ 2011

Auktion 184 Die Talersammlung Dr. Heinz Pielsticker

17. MÄRZ 2011

17./18. MÄRZ 2011

18. MÄRZ 2011

Auktion 185 Schweden und seine Besitzungen Die Sammlung Julius Hagander, Teil 1 Auktion 186 Russische Münzen und Medaillen Goldprägungen Auktion 187 Deutsche Münzen ab 1871


Sehr geehrte Münzfreunde/Dear Coin Collectors Ich wünsche Ihnen viel Freude bei der Lektüre unserer aktuellen Auktionskataloge und hoffe, dass Sie darin einige schöne Stücke für Ihre Sammlung finden. Bei Fragen hilft Ihnen unsere Kundenbetreuung gerne persönlich weiter. Wie gewohnt finden Sie die Hinweise „Wie biete ich richtig“ am Ende des Kataloges. I wish you a lot of pleasure with the new auction catalogues and I hope that you will find a few additional items for your collection. If you have any questions, our customer center will be glad to assist you. According to customs you may find the instructions “How to bid in our auctions” at the end of this catalogue. Mit herzlichen Grüßen/With warm regards

Fritz Rudolf Künker

Besichtigung/On View Die Besichtigung des Auktionsgutes kann in unseren Geschäftsräumen, Gutenbergstraße 23, 49076 Osnabrück ab dem 7. Februar 2011 nach vorheriger telefonischer Vereinbarung unter +49 (0)541 96 20 20 erfolgen. Besonderer Service anlässlich der Numismata München: Wir bieten Ihnen die Möglichkeit, das Auktionsgut in unseren Münchner Büroräumen am Maximiliansplatz 12a zu folgenden Zeiten zu besichtigen: Freitag bis Sonntag, 4. – 6. März, jeweils von 10.00 bis 18.00 Uhr. The coins are on view at our premises in Osnabrück from February 7 by prior appointment at +49 (0)541 96 20 20. Special service for our clients participating in the Numismata Munich: Auction lot viewing is possible in our munich office (Maximiliansplatz 12a) on Friday, Saturday and Sunday, March 4 – 6, from 10.00 a. m. to 6.00 p. m.

Online-Katalog/Online Catalogue

KUENKER.DE

Betrachten Sie unsere Auktionskataloge im Internet! Unter www.kuenker.de und www.sixbid.com haben Sie die Möglichkeit, Abbildungen zu vergrößern, Ihre Gebote direkt abzugeben und die Ergebnisse der Auktionen abzurufen. Please browse our auction catalogues at www.kuenker.com or at www.sixbid.com! You will have the possibility to zoom all images, to place your bids and to view all auction results online.

Association Internationale des Numismates Professionels (AINP) Verband der Deutschen Münzenhändler e.V.

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TEL +49 (0)541 96 20 20, FAX +49 (0)541 96 20 222, SERVICE@KUENKER.DE, WWW.KUENKER.DE


Standorte/Locations Wir sind mittlerweile mit sechs eigenen Standorten in Deutschland und Europa vertreten. So können wir Ihnen unseren beliebten Künker-Service auch in Ihrer Nähe anbieten. Unsere Leistungen vor Ort: • Persönliche Beratung und Betreuung in Ihrer Nähe. • Sie können Ihre Münzen direkt einliefern oder verkaufen, ersteigerte Münzen abholen und sich nach Vereinbarung Einlieferungen auszahlen lassen. • Sie können sich von unserem Kooperationspartner auf den Künker-Auktionen vertreten lassen. We are now represented with six locations in Germany and Europe so that we can also provide you the best service in your vicinity. Our local services: • You always have a point of contact nearby. • You can directly consign or sell your coins, collect purchases and receive by appointment payment for consignments. • You can have our cooperation partner represent you at our auctions.

OSNABRÜCK

BERLIN

Fritz Rudolf Künker GmbH & Co. KG Gutenbergstraße 23, 49076 Osnabrück Tel. +49 (0)541 96 20 20 USt-IdNr./VAT-No: DE256270181 Fritz Rudolf Künker GmbH & Co. KG Poststraße 22, 10178 Berlin-Mitte, im Kunsthaus Lempertz Tel. +49 (0)30 247 248 91 Fritz Rudolf Künker GmbH & Co. KG Wollankstraße 117, 13187 Berlin-Pankow Tel. +49 (0)30 247 248 91

MÜNCHEN

Künker Numismatik AG Löwengrube 12, 80333 München Tel. +49 (0)89 242 198 38 Fritz Rudolf Künker GmbH & Co. KG Maximiliansplatz 12a, 80333 München Tel. +49 (0)89 242 16 990

ZÜRICH

Künker Zürich, c/o Hess-Divo AG Löwenstraße 55, 8001 Zürich, Schweiz Tel. +41 (0)44 225 40 90

ZNOJMO

Künker Znojmo, c/o Petr Kovaljov 17. Listopadu 18, 66902 Znojmo, Tschechische Republik Tel. +42 (0)603 81 10 31

MOSKAU

Künker Moskau, c/o Russian Coin Co. Ltd. 2/21 Makarenko St., 123001 Moskau, Russland Tel. +7 (495) 589 56 10

TEL +49 (0)541 96 20 20, FAX +49 (0)541 96 20 222, SERVICE@KUENKER.DE, WWW.KUENKER.DE

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Was ist für Ihre schriftliche Auktionsteilnahme besonders wichtig?

DEUTSCH

• Bitte senden Sie uns Ihre Aufträge möglichst frühzeitig zu. Wenn uns Ihr Auftrag erst kurz vor der Auktion erreicht, können sich bei der Bearbeitung Fehler einschleichen. Das beiliegende Formular erleichtert Ihnen die Abgabe eines schriftlichen Gebots. Gerne nehmen wir Ihre Gebote per Post, Fax oder Email entgegen. • Wenn Sie noch nicht bei uns gekauft haben, bitten wir Sie, uns als Referenz eine Münzhandlung anzugeben, mit der Sie bereits in Geschäftsverbindung stehen. • Wir gewährleisten die Echtheit aller verkauften Objekte auch über die gesetzliche Frist hinaus.

Sie möchten telefonisch an der Auktion teilnehmen? Die telefonische Teilnahme an der Auktion ist bei uns selbstverständlich möglich. Wir rufen Sie während der Auktion gerne an und helfen Ihnen, die gewünschten Stücke zu ersteigern. Aus organisatorischen Gründen bitten wir Sie, die folgenden Punkte zu beachten:

Ulrich Künker Leiter Kundenbetreuung

• Telefonisches Bieten ist nur bei Losen mit einer Taxe von mind. € 500,– möglich. • Bitte teilen Sie uns mindestens 48 Stunden vor der Auktion mit, zu welchen Stücken Sie angerufen werden möchten. • Bitte achten Sie darauf, dass Sie erreichbar sind, wenn Ihre Stücke versteigert werden. Der Zeitplan in diesem Katalog hilft Ihnen dabei, den Zeitpunkt der Versteigerung abzuschätzen. • Für den Fall, dass wir Sie nicht erreichen können, bieten wir in Ihrem Namen bis zur Höhe Ihres schriftlichen Gebotes, mindestens aber bis zur Höhe des Schätzpreises. • Bitte beachten Sie, dass telefonisches Bieten eine unsichere Variante der Auktionsteilnahme sein kann. Wir können keine Garantie für das Zustandekommen der telefonischen Verbindung übernehmen. Wenn Sie sicher gehen wollen, besuchen Sie bitte unsere Auktion persönlich oder geben Sie uns ein schriftliches Gebot.

Was passiert nach der Auktion? Barbara Westmeyer deutschsprachige Kundenbetreuung

Telefon: +49 (0)541 96 20 20 Fax: +49 (0)541 96 20 222 Gebührenfrei: 0800 58 36 537 E-Mail: service@kuenker.de Internet: www.kuenker.de Montag – Donnerstag 8.30 – 17.00 Uhr Freitag 8.00 – 15.30 Uhr

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• Der Versand der Auktionsware startet sofort nach Beendigung der Auktion und dauert in der Regel 8 Tage. • Alle Kunden, die an unserer Auktion schriftlich teilgenommen haben, erhalten innerhalb von 2 Wochen nach der Auktion unsere Ergebnisliste gratis. • Alle Ergebnisse sind spätestens einen Tag nach Auktionsende auf unserer Internetseite verfügbar.

Sie möchten Ihre Münzen in unsere Auktion einliefern? Sollten Sie sich zum Verkauf Ihrer Münzen entschlossen haben, kommen Sie zu uns. Seit 1985 beweisen wir mit derzeit 4 Auktionsterminen und ca. 15 Katalogen pro Jahr unsere Kompetenz und Zuverlässigkeit. Wichtige Informationen für Sie im Überblick: • Ihre Münzen werden von unseren Experten nach neuestem numismatischem Standard bestimmt und in hochwertigen Farbkatalogen präsentiert. • Wir verfügen mit mehr als 10.000 Kunden über eine der besten Kundendateien weltweit. Im Durchschnitt verkaufen wir mehr als 95 % der Stücke einer Auktion, nicht selten erzielen wir dabei Rekordzuschläge. Für nicht verkaufte Objekte werden keine Gebühren erhoben. • Ab der Übergabe an uns sind Ihre Münzen mit dem doppelten Schätzwert versichert. Unsere Kundenbetreuung bespricht gerne mit Ihnen wie Ihre Stücke sicher zu uns gelangen können. • Ihre Einlieferung wird Ihnen sofort nach der Übernahme quittiert. Spätestens 5 Wochen vor der Auktion erhalten Sie eine Auflistung Ihrer Stücke inkl. Katalognummern und Schätzpreisen. • Unmittelbar nach der Auktion erhalten Sie die Ergebnisliste und können dann alle erzielten Preise feststellen. Den Auktionserlös erhalten Sie innerhalb von 45 Tagen nach der Auktion.

TEL +49 (0)541 96 20 20, FAX +49 (0)541 96 20 222, SERVICE@KUENKER.DE, WWW.KUENKER.DE


Important facts for a written participation in the auction • Please send us your instructions as early as possible. The likelihood of errors occurring increases if we receive your instructions only shortly before the auction. The enclosed form should make it simple for you to submit a written bid, you may send your bids by mail, fax or e-mail. • If you are a new customer who has not yet purchased from us, we do request references. Please name a coin dealer with whom you have already done business. • The genuineness of all objects sold is warranted beyond the statutory length of time.

ENGLISH

Do you wish to participate by telephone? You are welcome to participate in our auction by telephone. We are glad to call you during the auction and to assist you in bidding for your items. Please take notice of the following conditions: • Telephone bidding is accepted exclusively on lot numbers with estimates at 500 Euro or above. • Please inform us at least 48 hours in advance if you wish to register for telephone bidding, even for single lots. We do need 48 hours to schedule all incoming requests. • Please be available, when your lots will be sold. The time schedule in the catalogue will help you to estimate the approximate time when your items are going to be sold. • Should you not be available by phone, we will bid on your behalf up to your submitted written limit or at least up to the estimate of the lot for which you requested to be called. • Please be aware that telephone bidding is a risky way of participation in our auction. We do not assume liability should the telephone line be interrupted or not be achieved. We advise you to attend the auction in person or to send written bids.

Nadine Zuber English, Deutsch

What occurs after the auction? • The shipment of all auction goods starts immediately after the completion of the entire auction week and it usually takes 8 days to be completed. • All auction results are available on our website one day after the end of the auction week. • All clients who submitted bids for the auction will automatically receive the list of auction results free of charge within two weeks after the end of auction.

Do you wish to consign your coins to our auction? Should you decide to sell your coins, we are ready to assist you. Since 1985 we have earned our bona fides in conducting over 4 auctions and in publishing 15 catalogues per year. In the following you will find the most important information on consigning: • We guarantee the professional handling of your consignment following the latest numismatic level of expertise including its presentation in colour catalogues of outstanding quality. • We possess one of the best customer lists worldwide. On average we sell more than 95 % of all items in our auction, and it is not unusual for us to achieve record hammer prices for lots submitted. Unsold items incur no fees. • Once the coins are consigned they are covered by our insurance at double the estimate. Upon consultation with our customer service we try to advise you on the safest way of shipping for your coins. • Your delivery will be confirmed in writing immediately on receipt. At least five weeks before the auction, you will receive an exact list of your objects with the relevant catalogue numbers and descriptions. • Within a week of the end of auction, you will receive a list of auction results in order to see what prices were reached for each individual lot. As a consignor, you will receive the auction proceeds within 45 days after the end of auction.

Marion Künker English, Deutsch

Phone: +49 (0)541 96 20 20 Fax: +49 (0)541 96 20 222 E-Mail: service@kuenker.de Website: www.kuenker.com Monday –Thursday 8.30 AM – 5 PM Friday 8 AM – 3.30 PM

TEL +49 (0)541 96 20 20, FAX +49 (0)541 96 20 222, SERVICE@KUENKER.DE, WWW.KUENKER.DE

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Votre participation par écrit – Les points essentiels

FRANCAIS

• Veuillez nous faire parvenir vos ordres le plus tôt possible. Si vos ordres nous parviennent juste avant la vente aux enchères, des erreurs risquent d’être commises lors de leur traitement. Le formulaire ci-joint vous aidera à rédiger facilement votre offre. Vous pouvez nous envoyer vos ordres par la poste, par fax ou par e-mail. • Si vous n’avez encore fait aucune acquisition chez nous, nous vous prions de nous indiquer une ou deux références d’autres maisons numismatiques où vous avez déjà acheté. • L’authenticité des pièces vendues est garantie même au-delà des délais légaux.

Vous voulez participer par téléphone? La participation par téléphone est bien sûr possible. Nous vous appelons volontiers pour vous aider à acquérir les pièces voulues. Pour des raisons d´organisation veuillez noter les points suivants:

Alexandra Elflein, M. A. Français, Deutsch, English, Italiano

• La participation par téléphone est possible seulement pour les lots estimé à plus de 500 Euros chacun. • Veuillez nous informer au moins 48 heures avant la vente de la liste des pièces pour lesquelles vous voudriez être appelé. • Veuillez prendre soin d´être joignable quand vos pièces seront mises en vente. L’ordre de vente dans ce catalogue vous aidera à estimer l´heure de la vente. • Dans le cas où nous ne parviendrions pas à vous joindre, nous enchérirons pour vous jusqu’au montant que vous nous indiquez par écrit, égal ou supérieur au prix d’estimation. • La participation par téléphone présente des risques, et nous déclinons toute responsabilité dans le cas où la communication téléphonique serait interrompue, ou bien ne pourrait être établie.

Ce qui se passe après la vente Kmar Chachoua Français, Deutsch, English, Arabic

Tél. +49 (0)541 96 20 20 Facs. +49 (0)541 96 20 222 E-Mail: service@kuenker.de Site: www.kuenker.de Lundi à Jeudi de 8h30 à 17h00 Vendredi de 8h00 à 15h30

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• L´expédition des biens va commencer immédiatement après la fin de la vente complète, et prend généralement 8 jours. • Tous les clients qui ont participé à l’une de nos ventes aux enchères recevront gratuitement une liste de résultats dans les deux semaines qui suivent. • Les résultats seront disponibles sur notre site internet, au plus tard un jour après la fin de la vente.

Vous voulez confier vos monnaies pour nos ventes aux enchères? Contactez nous si vous envisagez de vendre vos pièces. Notre compétence et fiabilité est prouvée depuis 1985 par actuellement 4 ventes aux enchères et environ 15 catalogues par an. Le plus important pour vous est que: • Vos pièces seront décrites par notre équipe d’experts selon les standards numismatiques les plus récents, et elles seront présentées dans des catalogues de haute qualité en couleurs. • Nous avons un des meilleurs fichiers-clientèle du monde avec plus de 10.000 clients. Nous vendons en moyenne plus de 95% de la vente aux enchères, et obtenons souvent des prix records. Les monnaies invendues n’encourent aucun frais. • Notre service clientèle est disponible pour vous conseiller pour l’envoi de vos pièces, et dès leur réception vos pièces seront assurées pour le double de la valeur d´estimation. • Vous recevrez une liste détaill��e des pièces fournies au moment de la prise en charge puis, au plus tard cinq semaines avant la vente aux enchères, vous recevrez leur liste exacte avec les numéros de catalogue correspondants. • Immédiatement après la vente aux enchères, vous recevrez la liste des résultats et pourrez prendre connaissance des prix obtenus. Vous recevrez le produit de la vente dans les 45 jours après les enchères.

TEL +49 (0)541 96 20 20, FAX +49 (0)541 96 20 222, SERVICE@KUENKER.DE, WWW.KUENKER.DE


I punti piú importanti per la Sua partecipazione per iscritto • La preghiamo di farci pervenire i Suoi ordini al piú presto possibile. Se i Suoi ordini ci arrivano poco prima dell´inizio dell´asta possono verificarsi errori. Il formulario allegato Le faciliterá l´invio dei Suoi ordini per iscritto. Ci puó far pervenire i Suoi ordini per posta, per fax o per email. • Se non ha mai acquistato presso di noi, La preghiamo di volerci indicare a titolo di referenza il nome di uno o due commercianti numismatici presso i quali è giá cliente. • L’autenticità di tutti gli oggetti venduti viene garantita anche oltre i termini previsti dalla legge.

ITALIANO

Desidera partecipare telefonicamente alla nostra asta? La partecipazione telefonica è naturalmente da noi possibile. La chiameremo durante l´asta e La assisteremo volentieri per ottenere l´aggiudicazione dei pezzi desiderati. Per motivi di organizzazione La preghiamo di voler tenere conto dei seguenti punti: • La partecipazione telefonica è possibile solo per lotti stimati con almeno 500,– € l´uno. • La preghiamo di volerci comunicare almeno 48 ore prima dell´inizio dell´asta per quali pezzi desidera essere chiamato. • La preghiamo di aver cura di essere raggiungibile telefonicamente al momento in cui vengono messi all´asta i pezzi che Le interessano. Lo schema orario in catalogo La aiuterá a stimare a che ora verranno messi all´asta i pezzi che Le interessano. • Nel caso in cui non riuscissimo a contattarLa telefonicamente, provvederemo ad offrire a Suo nome fine all´importo massimo indicatoci per iscritto, in ogni caso offriremo a Suo nome come minimo il prezzo di stima. • La partecipazione telefonica è un modo incerto di partecipare alle aste. Non assumiamo nessuna responsabilità se per esempio la linea telefonica è occupata o interrotta o se Lei non sará raggiungibile per altri motivi.

Sonia Russo, M. A. Italiano, Deutsch, English, Español

Cosa succede dopo l´asta? • La spedizione del materiale d´asta comincia subito dopo la fine dell´intera asta e termina normalmente entro 8 giorni. • Tutti i clienti che hanno partecipato all´asta ricevono entro 2 settimane dopo l´asta la lista dei prezzi di realizzo. • I prezzi di realizzo sono visionabili sul nostro sito internet al piú tardi un giorno dopo la fine dell´intera asta.

Vuole consegnarci le Sue monete per una nostra asta? Ci contatti se ha deciso di vendere le Sue monete. Dal 1985 la nostra competenza ed affidabilità è dimostrata da attualmente 4 aste e circa 15 cataloghi all´anno. Quali sono i punti di maggior importanza per Lei:

Cristina Welzel Italiano, Deutsch, English, Français

Tel.: +49 (0)541 96 20 20 Fax: +49 (0)541 96 20 222 E-Mail: service@kuenker.de Internet: www.kuenker.de Lunedì a giovedì dalle 8.30 alle 17.00 Venerdì dalle 8.00 alle 15.30

• Le Sue monete vengono valutate dal nostro staff di esperti secondo i piú attuali standard numismatici e vengono presentati in cataloghi di alto valore a colori. • Con piú di 10.000 clienti disponiamo di una delle migliori banca dati clienti del mondo. In media vendiamo oltre il 95% del materiale d´asta realizzando spesso prezzi da record. Per i pezzi invenduti non ci sono nessune spese da pagare. • Dal momento della consegna le Sue monete sono assicurate per il doppio del valore di stima. Il nostro servizio clientela Le consiglierá volentieri come farci avere le Sue monete nel modo piú sicuro. • La Sua consegna Le verrá immediatamente quietanzata al momento della resa dei pezzi. Al piú tardi 5 settimane prima dell´asta riceverá una lista dettagliata dei Suoi pezzi con i numeri di catalogo ed i prezzi di stima. • Subito dopo l´asta riceverá la lista con i risultati d´asta dalla quale potrá subito controllare i prezzi realizzati. Riceverá l´importo di realizzo entro 45 giorni dopo la fine dell´asta.

TEL +49 (0)541 96 20 20, FAX +49 (0)541 96 20 222, SERVICE@KUENKER.DE, WWW.KUENKER.DE

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Что особенно важно при заочном участии на аукционе?

RUSSKIJ

• Тщательно изучите наш каталог и запишите те лоты, которые Вас заинтересовали. Заполните приложенный формуляр и отправьте нам его заранее по почте, факсу или электронной почте. Мы обращаем внимание на то, что если Ваши ставки придут перед самым началом аукциона либо во время аукциона, то существует вероятность допуска ошибки в процессе обработки заказа. • Если Вы впервые принимаете участие в нашем аукционе, то мы рекомендуем Вам указать Ваш референц – аукционные дома, с которыми Вы уже сотрудничали. Или свяжитесь с нами по телефону +49(0)541 9620268. • Подлинность купленных на нашем аукционе лотов гарантируется нами на протяжении неограниченного времени.

Вы хотели бы принять участие на аукционе по телефону? У нас, конечно, есть возможность организовать Ваше телефонное участие на торгах, но мы бы хотели обратить внимание на следующие пункты: Anastasija Koepsell Russkij, Deutsch

• Участие в телефонных торгах возможно только для лотов со стартовой ценой свыше 500 евро. • Для участия в торгах по телефону просим Вас связаться с нами не позднее 48 часов до начала аукциона. • Мы хотим подчеркнуть, что телефонное участие на аукционе – не самый безопасный способ: в случае плохой связи, недоступности клиента во время торгов либо других технических проблем мы не несем ответственности.

Что происходит после окончания аукциона?

Dzmitry Nikulin Russkij, Deutsch, English

Телефон: +49 (0)541 96 20 20 Факс: +49 (0)541 96 20 222 E-Mail: service@kuenker.de интернет: www.kuenker.de понедельник – четверг 8.30 – 17.00 пятница 8 – 15.30

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• Результаты аукционов доступны на нашем сайте на следующий день после окончания торгов. • Вы можете лично забрать приобретенные лоты. По окончании торгов мы готовим все необходимые документы на вывоз из Евросоюза. • Почтовые отправки в Россию ( Беларусь, Украину ) осуществляются по предварительной договоренности. Для связи с нами звоните по телефону +49 (0)541 9620268.

Вы хотели бы выставить Ваши предметы на аукцион? Более 160-ти успешно проведенных аукционов, тысячи участников, 4 аукциона в год - эти и другие преимущества, которые говорят в пользу выставления Ваших коллекций на аукцион Кюнкер: • Ваши монеты будут оценены нашими экспертами по самым новым нумизматическим стандартам и представлены в высококачественном цветном каталоге. • Более 10000 клиентов со всего мира оказывают нам свое доверие. В среднем мы продаем более 95% всех выставляемых предметов, при этом зачастую достигая рекордных сумм. • Все Ваши предметы, после передачи их нам, хранятся у нас до начала аукциона застрахованными. Не позднее 5-ти недель до начала аукциона Вы получите по почте подробное описание Ваших лотов с указаннами номерами в каталоге, а также их оценочной стоимостью. • Результаты аукционов также будут высланы Вам по почте после окончания торгов. В течение 45 дней после аукциона Вам будет выплачено Ваше вознаграждение.

TEL +49 (0)541 96 20 20, FAX +49 (0)541 96 20 222, SERVICE@KUENKER.DE, WWW.KUENKER.DE


Zeitplan/Timetable Auktion 182 Münzen aus der Welt der Antike

Montag, 14. März 2011 09.30 Uhr - 13.00 Uhr Nr. 1 bis Nr. 761 Kelten, Griechen, Römer: Römische Republik, Imperatoren, Kaiserzeit: Augustus - Pertinax 14.00 Uhr - 16.00 Uhr Nr. 762 bis Nr. 1143 Kaiserzeit: Didius Julianus - Basiliscus, Lots Römer, Völkerwanderung, Byzanz, Kreuzfahrer, Orientalen

Auktion 183 Münzen und Medaillen aus Mittelalter und Neuzeit

16.00 Uhr - 18.30 Uhr Nr. 1501 bis Nr. 1941 Europa: Baltikum - Norwegen

Dienstag, 15. März 2011 09.30 Uhr - 13.00 Uhr Nr. 1942 bis Nr. 2708 Europa: Polen - Ungarn, Übersee, RDR, Deutschland: Aichach - Erfurt

Auktion 184 Die Talersammlung Dr. Heinz Pielsticker

14.00 Uhr - 17.00 Uhr Nr. 2709 bis Nr. 3386 Deutschland: Frankfurt - Würzburg, Medaillen, Münzwaagen, Münzgefäße, Lots 17.00 Uhr - 19.00 Uhr Nr. 4001 bis Nr. 4400 Deutschland: Aachen - Essen

Mittwoch, 16. März 2011 09.30 Uhr - 13.00 Uhr Nr. 4401 bis Nr. 5118 Deutschland: Frankfurt - Würzburg, Deutsche Münzen ab 1871 14.00 Uhr - 18.00 Uhr Nr. 5119 bis Nr. 5850 RDR, Europa, Übersee

Auktion 185 Schweden und seine Besitzungen Die Sammlung Julius Hagander, Teil 1 Auktion 186 Russische Münzen und Medaillen

Donnerstag, 17. März 2011 09.30 Uhr - 11.30 Uhr Nr. 6001 bis Nr. 6225 11.30 Uhr - 13.00 Uhr Nr. 6501 bis Nr. 6746 Alexei Michailowitsch - Paul I. 14.00 Uhr - 18.30 Uhr Nr. 6747 bis Nr. 7332 Alexander I. - Nikolaus II., Sowjetunion, Russische Republik, Lots, Stadt Kaffa, Nowgorod

Goldprägungen

Freitag, 18. März 2011 09.30 Uhr - 13.00 Uhr Nr. 7501 bis Nr. 8290 Europa, Übersee 14.00 Uhr - 15.30 Uhr Nr. 8291 bis Nr. 8576 RDR, Deutschland, Medaillen

Auktion 187 Deutsche Münzen ab 1871

15.30 Uhr - 18.30 Uhr Nr. 9001 bis Nr. 9800 9


INHALT AUKTION 186 Nr. RUSSISCHE MÜNZEN UND MEDAILLEN

6501

-

7332

16

-

130

Kaiserreich

6501

-

7276

16

-

126

-

16

Zar Alexei Michailowitsch, 1645-1676 Ein Viertelrubel des Zaren Alexei Michailowitsch

6501

Zar Ivan V., gemeinsame Regierung mit Peter I. und Sophia, 1682-1689 Ein 2/3 Tscherwonez der Zarengeschwister Ivan V., Peter I. und Sophia

10

Seite

Zar Peter I., der Große, 1682-1725 Ein Silberabschlag von den Stempeln des Tscherwonez 1706 des Zaren Peter I. Silbermünzen des Moskauer Münzhofes Kadashevsky Silbermünzen des Roten Münzhofes in Moskau Ein Sonnenrubel der Münzstätte St. Petersburg Kupfermünzen des Moskauer Münzhofes Naberezhny Eine Kupferkopeke des Moskauer Münzhofes Kadashevsky Ein Tympf des Moskauer Münzhofes Kadashevsky Medaillen des Zaren Peter I.

6503

6534

Zarin Katharina I., 1725-1727 Silbermünzen des Roten Münzhofes in Moskau Zwei Kupfermünzen des Roten Münzhofes in Moskau Eine Kupfermünze der Münzstätte Ekaterinburg Ein Novodel eines Viertelrubels der Münzstätte St. Petersburg

-

6501

16

6502

16

6502

16

6542

16

-

6503

23 16

6504

-

6513

16

-

18

6514

-

6527

18

-

19

6528

20

6531

20

6532

20

-

6533 6542

20 23

6543

-

6548

24

6543

-

6544

24

6545

-

6546

24

6547

24

6548

24

6529

-

20

25

-

Zar Peter II., 1727-1730 Ein Rubel des Roten Münzhofes in Moskau Silbermünzen des Moskauer Münzhofes Kadashevsky Kupfermünzen des Moskauer Münzhofes Kadashevsky

6549

-

6566 6549

-

27 25

6550

-

6554

6555

-

6566

25

-

27

Zarin Anna, 1730-1740 Silbermünzen des Moskauer Münzhofes Kadashevsky Silbermünzen des Roten Münzhofes in Moskau Zwei Rubel der Münzstätte St. Petersburg Medaillen der Zarin Anna

6567

-

6584

27

-

30

6567

-

6574

27 -

28

6575 6579 6581

-

6578 6580 6584

28

-

29

-

29 29 30

25


Nr. Zar Ivan III., 1740-1741 Zwei Kupfermünzen des Roten Münzhofes in Moskau Zwei Rubel der Münzstätte St. Petersburg

Seite

6585

-

6588

30

6585 6587

-

6586 6588

30 30

6589 6589

-

6633 6591

31

-

38 31

6592

-

6597

31

-

32

6598

-

6613

32

-

34

6614 -

6618

34

-

35

6620 6629

-

6619 6628 6633

35 36

-

35 36 38

Zar Peter III., 1762 Ein Rubel des Roten Münzhofes in Moskau Ein Rubel der Münzstätte St. Petersburg Ein Taler Peters III. als Herzog von Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp

6634

-

Zarin Katharina II., 1762-1796 Goldmünzen der Zarin Katharina II. Silbermünzen des Roten Münzhofes in Moskau Silbermünzen der Münzstätte St. Petersburg Kupfermünzen des Roten Münzhofes in Moskau Kupfermünzen der Münzstätte St. Petersburg Kupfermünzen der Münzstätte Ekaterinburg Kupfermünzen der Münzstätte Suzun Kupfermünzen der Münzstätte Anninskoye Kupferprägungen für Sibirien Kupferprägungen für Moldawien und die Walachei Ein Kupfer-5 Kopeken-Stück der schwedischen Münzstätte Avesta Medaillen der Zarin Katharina II.

6637 6637

-

6726 6644

39 39

-

53 40

6645 6649

-

6648 6677

41

-

40 44

6678

-

6680

6681 6683 6693 6697 6701

-

6682 6692 6696 6700 6710

6711

-

6716

Zar Paul I., 1796-1801 Silbermünzen der Münzstätte St. Petersburg Kupfermünzen des Zaren Paul I. Medaillen des Zaren Paul I. Zar Alexander I., 1801-1825 Eine Goldmünze des Zaren Alexander I. Silbermünzen der Münzstätte St. Petersburg Kupfermünzen des Zaren Alexander I. Eine Kupferprägung für Georgien

Zarin Elisabeth, 1741-1761 Goldmünzen der Zarin Elisabeth Silbermünzen des Roten Münzhofes in Moskau Silbermünzen der Münzstätte St. Petersburg Kupfermünzen des Roten Münzhofes in Moskau Eine Kupfermünze der Münzstätte Ekaterinburg Prägungen für Ostpreußen Medaillen der Zarin Elisabeth

6636 6634 6635

38 38 38

6636

38

44

45

-

47

-

44 46 46 46 48

6714

48

-

49

-

6715 6726

50

-

49 53

6727 6727 6739 6745

-

6746 6738 6744 6746

54 54

-

56 55 55 56

6747

-

56

-

6748 6774

-

6806 6747 6773 6782 6783

56 59

-

65 56 59 60 60

11


Nr. Prägungen für Polen Ein Messing-Passiergewicht Medaillen des Zaren Alexander I.

6784

-

6791

Zar Nikolaus I., 1825-1855 Goldmünzen des Zaren Nikolaus I. Platinmünzen des Zaren Nikolaus I. Silbermünzen der Münzstätte St. Petersburg Silbermünzen der Münzstätte Warschau Kupfermünzen des Zaren Nikolaus I. Zwei Gedenkmünzen des Zaren Nikolaus I. Eine Kupferprobe der Münzstätte St. Petersburg Prägungen für Polen Ein Messing-Passiergewicht Eine Brosche mit dem Bildnis des Zaren Nikolaus I. Medaillen des Zaren Nikolaus I.

60

-

-

6789 6790 6806

61

-

6807 6807 6826 6831 6883 6887 6900

-

6943 6825 6830 6882 6886 6899 6901

65 65

-

67 72 73

-

6903

-

6902 6924 6925

75

-

6927

-

6926 6943

78

-

Zar Alexander II., 1855-1881 Goldmünzen des Zaren Alexander II. Silbermünzen des Zaren Alexander II. Kupfermünzen des Zaren Alexander II. Gedenkmünzen des Zaren Alexander II. Drei Probemünzen des Zaren Alexander II. Prägungen für Finnland Medaillen des Zaren Alexander II.

6944 6944 6962 7003 7018 7026 7029 7033

-

7043 6961 7002 7017 7025 7028 7032 7043

83 83 84 88 89

-

91

-

94 84 87 89 90 90 91 94

Zar Alexander III., 1881-1894 Goldmünzen des Zaren Alexander III. Silbermünzen des Zaren Alexander III. Kupfermünzen der Münzstätte St. Petersburg Gedenkmünzen des Zaren Alexander III. Zwei Prägungen für Finnland Feingewichtsbarren der Münzstätte St. Petersburg Medaillen des Zaren Alexander III.

7044 7044 7071

-

7137 7070 7098

95 95 97

-

107 97 101

7099 7107 7119

-

7106 7118 7120

101

-

101 102 103

7121 7126

-

7125 7137

103

-

Zar Nikolaus II., 1894-1917 Goldmünzen des Zaren Nikolaus II. Silbermünzen des Zaren Nikolaus II. Kupfermünzen des Zaren Nikolaus II. Gedenkmünzen des Zaren Nikolaus II. Prägungen für Finnland Medaillen des Zaren Nikolaus II.

7138 7138 7184 7226 7230 7248 7251

-

7276 7183 7225 7229 7247 7250 7276

107 107 110

-

116

-

119

-

Eine russische Imitationen niederländischen Ritterdukaten Sowjetunion, 1917-1991

12

Seite

7277 7278

-

7289

61 61 65 82 67 67 72 73 74 74 75 77 77 78 82

103 107 126 110 115 115 118 119 126 126

126

-

128


Nr. Lots und Sammlungen russischer Münzen und Medaillen

7290

-

Belarus

Seite 7327

128

-

129

7328

130

7330

130

Tataren

7331

130

Eine Nowgoroder Grivna

7332

130

Krim

7329

-

GOLDPRÄGUNGEN

7501

-

8576

131

-

265

Europa Albanien Baltikum Belgien Bulgarien Dänemark Finnland Frankreich Griechenland Großbritannien / Irland Italien Jugoslawien Luxemburg Malta Monaco Montenegro Niederlande Niederländische Gebiete in Übersee Norwegen Polen Portugal Rumänien San Marino Schweden Schweiz Serbien Spanien Tschechien Türkei Ungarn Ukraine

7501 7501

-

131

-

7507 7528 7536 7542 7544 7687 7691 7785 7878 7885 7887 7891 7900 7905

-

131

-

137

-

152 163 174

-

177

-

7936 7958 7971 7999 8001

-

180 183 185

-

188

-

8023 8028 8062 8073 8079

-

8099 7505 7506 7527 7535 7541 7543 7686 7690 7784 7877 7884 7886 7890 7899 7904 7933 7934 7935 7957 7970 7998 8000 8021 8022 8027 8061 8072 8078 8098 8099

190 194

-

197

-

199 131 131 134 135 136 136 151 152 163 174 175 175 175 176 177 180 180 180 183 185 187 188 189 190 190 194 195 196 199 199

8100 8100

-

200

-

8106

-

200

-

Übersee Ägypten Äquatorial Guinea Afghanistan Äthiopien Argentinien Ascension

8290 8103 8104 8105 8111 8112 8113

224 200 200 200 201 201 201

13


Nr. Aserbaidschan Australien Bahamas Belize Bhutan Botswana Brasilien Brunei China Costa Rica Dahomey Elfenbeink端ste Falkland Inseln Fidschi Inseln Gabun Gambia Guinea Haiti Indien Irak Iran Israel Jamaika Japan Kanada Kolumbien Libyen Malawi Mexiko Nepal Niger Oman Peru Rwanda Saudi-Arabien Sierra Leone S端dafrika Swaziland Taiwan Tansania Thailand Tschad Tunesien Uganda Uruguay Venezuela Vereinigte Arabische Emirate Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika/USA

14

8115 8133

-

8138

-

8144

-

8150

-

8157

-

8167 8171

-

8175 8180 8185

-

8199 8203 8205

-

8211 8213

-

8222 8224

-

8228 8230 8232

-

Seite 8114 8132 8134 8135 8136 8137 8141 8142 8143 8147 8148 8149 8151 8152 8153 8154 8155 8156 8165 8166 8170 8173 8174 8179 8184 8196 8197 8198 8202 8204 8206 8207 8208 8209 8210 8212 8217 8218 8219 8220 8221 8223 8225 8226 8227 8229 8231 8287

202

-

204

-

207

-

208

-

211

-

212

-

217

-

201 203 203 204 204 204 205 205 205 205 206 206 206 206 206 207 207 207 208 208 209 209 209 210 210 212 212 212 213 213 213 214 214 214 214 214 215 215 215 215 216 216 216 216 217 217 217 223


Nr. Vietnam West-Samoa Zambia Habsburgische Erblande-Österreich Tirol, Grafschaft Römisch-Deutsches Reich Kaiserreich Österreich Republik Österreich Geistlichkeit Städte in den habsburgischen Erblanden

Seite 8288 8289 8290 8388 8292 8329 8355 8363 8387 8388

224 224 224 236 225 230 232 233 236 236

8291 8291 8293 8330 8356 8364

-

8389 8389 8391 8393 8416 8423 8434

-

8465 8469 8476 8479 8482 8488 8515

-

8519 8524 8540 8549

-

8558 8561 8565 8567

-

8569 8390 8392 8415 8422 8433 8461 8462 8463 8464 8468 8475 8478 8481 8487 8514 8516 8517 8518 8523 8539 8548 8554 8555 8556 8557 8560 8564 8566 8569

Goldmedaillen

8570

-

8571

265

Goldmünzenlots

8572

-

8576

265

Deutschland Augsburg Baden Bayern Brandenburg in Franken Brandenburg-Preußen Braunschweig und Lüneburg Bremen Breslau Erfurt Frankfurt Hamburg Hessen Jülich-Kleve-Berg Köln Lübeck Lüneburg Mainz Mecklenburg Nördlingen Nürnberg Pfalz Sachsen, sächsische Herzogtümer Schlesien Schleswig-Holstein Stolberg Trier Westfalen Württemberg Würzburg

225

-

225 230

-

234

-

237

-

237 241 242 244

-

249 250 251

-

253

-

257 258 259

-

262

-

263 264

-

265 237 237 241 242 244 248 248 249 249 250 251 252 252 253 257 257 257 257 258 259 260 261 262 262 262 263 263 264 265

Ein Stichwortverzeichnis finden Sie am Ende dieses Auktionskataloges.

15


PETER I.

4755+5%*'/ª0<'070&/'&#+..'0

6501

<#4#.':'+/+%*#+.19+65%*

'KP8KGTVGNTWDGNFGU<CTGP#NGZGK/KEJCKNQYKVUEJ 

#NGZGK/KEJCKNQYKVUEJ4WDGN ,CJTGU\CJNWPXQNNUV·PFKI 0QXQFGNI-CKO #PO 5GJTUEJÌP



6502 1,5:1

1,5:1

<#4+8#08)'/'+05#/'4')+'470) /+62'6'4+70&512*+# 'KP6UEJGTYQPG\FGT<CTGPIGUEJYKUVGT+XCP82GVGT+WPF5QRJKC 

6UEJGTYQPG\Q,WPDGUVKOOVG/ÒP\UV·VVG0QXQFGN ! I&KCMQX\W(DC FQTVCNU &WMCVDG\GKEJPGV  )1.&44/KPIGYGNNVUGJTUEJÌP

$GKFGTXQTNKGIGPFGP)QNFOÒP\GJCPFGNVGUUKEJWOGKPG#WU\GKEJPWPIHÒTFKGCPFGP-TKO(GNF\ÒIGP$GVGKNKIVGP XQP



6503

1,5:1

1,5:1

<#42'6'4+&'4)4155' 'KP5KNDGTCDUEJNCIXQPFGP5VGORGNPFGU6UEJGTYQPG\FGU<CTGP2GVGT+ 

5KNDGTCDUEJNCI XQP FGP 5VGORGNP FGU 6UEJGTYQPG\  M[TKNNKUEJ  /QUMCW /ÒP\JQH -CFCUJGXUM[   0QXQFGNI$KVMKP* 4 &KCMQX50 448QT\ÒINKEJ



6504

5KNDGTOÒP\GPFGU/QUMCWGT/ÒP\JQHGU-CFCUJGXUM[  16

4WDGN  M[TKNNKUEJ  /QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX (CUVUGJTUEJÌP




PETER I.

6505

6507

6506



4WDGN  M[TKNNKUEJ  /QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX 5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN/QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKP 4 &CX&KCMQX  445EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTUEJÌPpUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN 2QNVKPC  M[TKNNKUEJ /QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX 45GJTUEJÌP

6508

6510



6509



4WDGN 2QNVKPC  M[TKNNKUEJ /QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX 44*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCMN-TCV\GTUGJTUEJÌP



4WDGN 2QNVKPC /QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX  4)GUVQRHVGU.QEJUEJÌPpUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN 2QNVKPC  M[TKNNKUEJ /QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX 45EJÌPpUGJTUEJÌP





17


PETER I.

6512

6513

6511



 4WDGN 2QNWRQNVKPPKM   M[TKNNKUEJ  /QUMCW /ÒP\JQH -CFCUJGXUM[ +P 752NCUVKMJQNFGT FGT   0)%OKVFGT$GYGTVWPI8($KVMKP 4 &KCMQX 45GJTUEJÌP 



 -QRGMGP )TKXGPPKM   M[TKNNKUEJ  /QUMCW /ÒP\JQH -CFCUJGXUM[  I $KVMKP  4    &KCMQX 44-N2T·IGUEJY·EJG-TCV\GTUGJTUEJÌP





-QRGMGP )TKXGPPKM  M[TKNNKUEJ /QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKP&KCMQX 4(CUVUGJTUEJÌP



6514

5KNDGTOÒP\GPFGU4QVGP/ÒP\JQHGUKP/QUMCW 

4WDGN M[TKNNKUEJ /QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX  44&WPMNG2CVKPCMN-TCV\GTUGJTUEJÌP

6515

6516



6517



4WDGN M[TKNNKUEJ /QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX  4(GKPG2CVKPC5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTHCUVUGJTUEJÌP



4WDGN  /QUMCW 4QVGT /ÒP\JQH  I 8CTKCPVG QJPG #PFTGCUMTGW\ $KVMKP  4  &CX   &KCMQX 5GJTUGNVGPDGUQPFGTUKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI8QT\ÒINKEJ 



4WDGN/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX  *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCMN5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTCO4CPFUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

18






PETER I.

6518

6520

6519



4WDGN/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP 4 &CX&KCMQX

 45GJTUEJÌP





4WDGN/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX  -N5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI8CTKCPVGOKV$%'21%+p%-+pKPFGT8QTFGTUGKVGP WOUEJTKHV$KVMKP 4 &CX&KCMQX  44/KP5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTCVVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT



6521

6523

6522

6524



)TKXPC M[TKNNKUEJ /QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP&KCMQX  5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTCO4CPFHCUVUGJTUEJÌP





-QRGMGP #NV[P  M[TKNNKUEJ /QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP&KCMQX  45GJTUEJÌP





-QRGMGP #NV[P  M[TKNNKUEJ /QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP&KCMQX  (GKPG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP





-QRGMGP #NV[P  M[TKNNKUEJ /QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP&KCMQX  5GJTUEJÌP



6525

6526

6527



-QRGMGP #NV[P  M[TKNNKUEJ /QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP&KCMQXHH  5GJTUEJÌP





-QRGMG M[TKNNKUEJ /QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKPHH&KCMQXHH  4)GUVQRHVGU.QEJHCUVUGJTUEJÌP





-QRGMG M[TKNNKUEJ /QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX  -N5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTCO4CPFUGJTUEJÌP

 19


PETER I.

6529 6528

6528

'KP5QPPGPTWDGNFGT/ÒP\UV·VVG5V2GVGTUDWTI 

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTI5QPPGPTWDGNI$KVMKP\W 4 LGFQEJOKVCPFGTGT5VGORGNFTG JWPIFGT4ÒEMUGKVG&CX&KCMQX 44(CUVUGJTUEJÌP



-WRHGTOÒP\GPFGU/QUMCWGT/ÒP\JQHGU0CDGTG\JP[ 

-W-QRGMG M[TKNNKUEJ /QUMCW/ÒP\JQH0CDGTG\JP[I$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX  45GJTUEJÌP



6531

6532

6530



-W-QRGMG M[TKNNKUEJ /QUMCW/ÒP\JQH0CDGTG\JP[I$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX  445GJTUEJÌP





-W2QNWUEJMC M[TKNNKUEJ /QUMCW/ÒP\JQH0CDGTG\JP[I$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX  45GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



'KPG-WRHGTMQRGMGFGU/QUMCWGT/ÒP\JQHGU-CFCUJGXUM[ 

-W-QRGMG/QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKP&KCMQX  44(GNFGTOKPDGCTDGKVGVUGJTUEJÌP



6533

6534

6534

'KP6[ORHFGU/QUMCWGT/ÒP\JQHGU-CFCUJGXUM[ 

6[ORH -QRGMGP /QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I/KV/ÒP\OGKUVGT\GKEJGP+.$KVMKP HHXCT 4 &KCMQXHHXCT 44'VYCURQTÌUGT5EJTÌVNKPIMN-TCV\GTUGJTUEJÌP



/GFCKNNGPFGU<CTGP2GVGT+ 

20

$TQP\GOGFCKNNGXQP6+YCPQHH UR·VGTG2T·IWPIWO CWHFKG)TÒPFWPIXQP5V2GVGTUDWTI CO  /CK )GJCTPKUEJVGU $TWUVDKNF T OKV .QTDGGTMTCP\ WPF WOIGNGIVGO /CPVGN0GRVWP OKV &TGK   \CEM UVGJV PCEJ T CWH GKPGT /WUEJGN FKG XQP FTGK 2HGTFGP FWTEJ FCU/GGTIG\QIGPYKTFOO I&KCMQX 8QT\ÒINKEJ




PETER I.

6535



$TQP\GOGFCKNNG  WPUKIPKGTV XQP 6 +YCPQHH UR·VGTG 2T·IWPI WO   CWH FKG 'TDCWWPI FGT   (GUVWPI -TQPUEJNQ­ FKG GTUVGP 6GKNG YWTFGP CO  /CK  GKPIGYGKJV  #PUKEJV FGT (GUVWPI   5QPPGWPF9QNMGPÒDGTFGODCNVKUEJGP/GGTOKV\YGK5GIGNUEJKHHGPKO8QTFGTITWPFTUVGJV/KPGTXC FKG CWH GKPG /ÌYG KP KJTGO 0GUV \GKIV FCU KO /GGT UEJYKOOV  OO  I &KCMQX    8QT\ÒINKEJ



2GVGT + FGT )TQ­G NKG­ CWH FGT KO (KPPKUEJGP /GGTDWUGP FKTGMV XQT 5V 2GVGTUDWTI NKGIGPFGP +PUGN -QVNKP FKG   IGYCNVKIG (GUVWPI -TQPUEJNQ­ GTTKEJVGP WO UGKPG 5VCFV XQT #PITKHHGP XQP FGT /GGTUGKVG \W UEJÒV\GP &GT <CT   YQNNVG CWH FGT +PUGN GKPG 8QT\GKIGUVCFV GKP \YGKVGU #OUVGTFCO GTTKEJVGP 0CEJ FGO 6QF FGU <CTGP IGTKGVGP FKG   $CWCTDGKVGPLGFQEJ\WP·EJUVKPU5VQEMGPWPFYWTFGPGTUVPCEJGKPGTUEJYGTGPªDGTUEJYGOOWPIHQTVIGUGV\V &KG(GUVWPI-TQPUEJNQ­ UR·VGT-TQPUVCFVIGPCPPV JKPFGTVGPKEJVPWTFKG5EJYGFGPKO0QTFKUEJGP-TKGIUQPFGTP CWEJFKG&GWVUEJGPKO<YGKVGP9GNVMTKGICO<WICPI\W5V2GVGTUDWTI

6536



$TQP\GOGFCKNNG  XQP 6 +YCPQHH UR·VGTG 2T·IWPI WO   CWH FKG 'KPPCJOG XQP /KVCW CO   5GRVGODGT)GJCTPKUEJVGU$TWUVDKNFTOKV.QTDGGTMTCP\WPFWOIGNGIVGO/CPVGN#PUKEJVXQP/KVCW CWUFGT8QIGNRGTURGMVKXGKO8QTFGTITWPFTFKGPCEJNUKV\GPFG5VCFVIÌVVKPFKGCWHFGOUEJYGFKUEJGP 9CRRGPUEJKNF NGJPV WPF CWU FGT 4GEJVGP GKP 5EJYGTV XGTNKGTV  OO  I &KCMQX    8QT\ÒINKEJ



+O5QOOGTOCTUEJKGTVG2GVGTFGT)TQ­GOKVUGKPGT#TOGGXQP.KXNCPFCWUKP-WTNCPFGKPFGT)TQ­VGKNFGT UEJYGFKUEJGP 6TWRRGP \QI UKEJ PCEJ 4KIC \WTÒEM 0CEJ MPCRR FTGK 9QEJGP JGHVKIGT $GNCIGTWPI OW­VG UKEJ FGT   UEJYGFKUEJG -QOOCPFCPV FGT MWTN·PFKUEJGP *CWRVUVCFV /KVCW JGWVG ,GNICXC KP .GVVNCPF  CO  5GRVGODGT    GTIGDGP

6537



5KNDGTOGFCKNNG  WPUKIPKGTV 6CRHGTMGKVUOGFCKNNG HÒT FKG 6GKNPGJOGT FGT 5EJNCEJV DGK .GUPCLC CO   5GRVGODGT)GJCTPKUEJVGU$TWUVDKNFTOKV.QTDGGTMTCP\WPFWOIGNGIVGO/CPVGN&GT<CTHCUVXX CWH GKPGO URTKPIGPFGP 2HGTF KPOKVVGP GKPGT 5EJNCEJVU\GPG QDGP \W FGP 5GKVGP \YGK 'PIGN FKG GKPG   -TQPGÒDGTUGKP*CWRVJCNVGPOOI&KCMQX 4(GKPG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ



#PHCPI,WPKGTJKGNVFGTUEJYGFKUEJG)GPGTCN#FCO.WFYKI.GYGPJCWRVXQP-CTN:++FGP#WHVTCIOKVUGKPGP 6TWRRGP XQP .KXNCPF CWU \WO UEJYGFKUEJGP *CWRVJGGT \W UVQ­GP FCU OKV FGO -ÌPKI  XQP 5CEJUGP MQOOGPF    4KEJVWPI4W­NCPFIGIGP2GVGTFGP)TQ­GP\QI&KG8QTDGTGKVWPIGPHÒTFKGUG*KNHUVTWRRGP\QIGPUKEJLGFQEJKPFKG .·PIG WPF CNU UKEJ 'PFG ,WPK  GPFNKEJ EC  /CPP OKV DGFGWVGPFGO 2TQXKCPV WPF 8QTT·VGP HÒT FCU   *CWRVJGGTCWHFGP9GIOCEJVGPIKPIFGT/CTUEJPWTNCPIUCOXQTCP2GVGTFGT)TQ­GYQNNVGFKG8GTGKPKIWPIFGT HGKPFNKEJGP6TWRRGPVGKNGWPFFGP0CEJUEJWDHÒTFKGUEJYGFKUEJG*CWRVCTOGGWOLGFGP2TGKUXGTJKPFGTPWPFUVGNNVG UKEJ )GPGTCN .GYGPJCWRV GPVIGIGP #O  5GRVGODGT CWH FGT /GFCKNNG KUV  PCEJ FGT TWUUKUEJGP 8CTKCPVG FGU   LWNKCPKUEJGP -CNGPFGTU MQTTGMV  FGT  5GRVGODGT CPIGIGDGP  MCO GU KO RQNPKUEJGP &QTH .GUPCLC JGWVG   9GK­TW­NCPF  \WT 5EJNCEJV KP FGT TWPF  5EJYGFGP HKGNGP QFGT IGHCPIGPIGPQOOGP YWTFGP &GT 4GUV XQP   .GYGPJCWRVU 6TWRRGP EC  /CPP  GTTGKEJVGFCUUEJYGFKUEJG*CWRVJGGTCO1MVQDGT&KG5EJNCEJV DGK.GUPCLCYCTGKPMCVCUVTQRJCNGT4ÒEMUEJNCIHÒT-CTN:++YGKNUGKPG#TOGGFGPHÒTFGP#PITKHHCWH<CT2GVGT FTKPIGPF DGPÌVKIVGP 0CEJUEJWD PKEJV GTJKGNV (ÒT 2GVGT FGP )TQ­GP YCT FKG .GYGPJCWRV UEJG 5EJNCEJV FGT   )TWPFUVGKPHÒTUGKPGP5KGIÒDGTFGP4KXCNGP-CTN:++

21


PETER I.

6538



$TQP\GOGFCKNNGXQP6+YCPQHH UR·VGTG2T·IWPIFGU,CJTJWPFGTVU CWHFKGTWUUKUEJG(NQVVGP GZRGFKVKQPKPFGP(KPPKUEJGP/GGTDWUGPKO,WNK)GJCTPKUEJVGU$TWUVDKNFTOKV.QTDGGTMTCP\WPF WOIGNGIVGO/CPVGN&KGCWUNCWHGPFG(NQVVGKO8QTFGTITWPFTGKP(GNUXQTURTWPIOOI &KCMQX 8QT\ÒINKEJ



0CEJFGO2GVGT+FCU$CNVKMWOWPF5ÒFHKPPNCPFYGKVIGJGPFWPVGTUGKPG-QPVTQNNGIGDTCEJVJCVVGYQNNVGGTCWEJFKG UEJYGFKUEJG(NQVVGDGUKGIGPFKGHÒT4W­NCPFYGIGPFGTDGUUGTGP#WUTÒUVWPIGKPGDGFGWVGPFG)GHCJTFCTUVGNNVG'T JCVVG GNH PGWG XQNN CWUIGTÒUVGVG -TKGIUUEJKHHG IGMCWHV WPF DGQDCEJVGVG KO /CK WPF ,WPK  XQP UGKPGT (GUVWPI   -TQPUNQV JGWVG-TQPUVCFVCWHFGT+PUGN-QVNKPKO(KPPKUEJGP/GGTDWUGPMOYGUVNKEJXQP5V2GVGTUDWTI CWUFKG (NQVVGPOCPÌXGT #WH $GHGJN FGU <CTGP UGIGNVG FKG PGW CWUIGTÒUVGVG TWUUKUEJG (NQVVG CO  ,WNK  CD WO FKG   UEJYGFKUEJG(NQVVG\WUEJNCIGP#O,WNKMCOGUDGKFGT JGWVGTWUUKUEJGP +PUGN*QINCPF MOUÒFNKEJ FGT HKPPKUEJGP 5VCFV -QVMC  MO YGUVNKEJ XQP 5V 2GVGTUDWTI  \W GKPGO 5GGIGHGEJV FCU LGFQEJ WPGPVUEJKGFGP   XGTNKGH  &KG /GFCKNNG \GKIV UVQN\ FKG PGWGP TWUUKUEJGP -TKGIUUEJKHHG YQJN CWEJ CNU /CEJVFGOQPUVTCVKQP IGIGPÒDGT FGT   UEJYGFKUEJGP#FOKTCNKV·V

6539



$TQP\GOGFCKNNGXQP6+YCPQHH UR·VGTG2T·IWPIWO CWHFKG5EJNCEJVDGK5VQTM[TQWPFFKG 'KPPCJOGXQP8CUCCO(GDTWCT)GJCTPKUEJVGU$TWUVDKNFTOKV.QTDGGTMTCP\WPFWOIGNGIVGO /CPVGN5KGIGUIÌVVKPOKV.QTDGGTMTCP\WPFFGTUEJYGFKUEJGP(CJPGUEJYGDVÒDGTFGO5EJNCEJVHGNFDGK 5VQTM[TQOKVFGO\WIGHTQTGPGP(NW­-[TQNXWPFFGO&QTH0CRQOOI&KCMQX 8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\ 0CEJ FGO 4ÒEM\WI XQP 2·NM·PG JCVVG FGT UEJYGFKUEJG )GPGTCNOCLQT %CTN )WUVCX #TOHGNV OKV UGKPGP GTUEJÌRHVGP   5QNFCVGPUGKP9KPVGTSWCTVKGTDGKFGTYGUVHKPPKUEJGP5VCFV8CUCCWHIGUEJNCIGP#NUGTXQPFGO8QTOCTUEJTWUUKUEJGT 6TWRRGP GTHWJT NKG­ GT DGK FGO KP FGT )GOGKPFG 5VQTM[TQ IGNGIGPGP &QTH 0CRQ CO (NW­ -[TQ NX GKP .CIGT   GTTKEJVGP WO UKEJ FQTV FGP TWUUKUEJGP 6TWRRGP GPVIGIGP\WUVGNNGP #O  (GDTWCT  MCO GU \WT 5EJNCEJV   <WP·EJUVMQPPVGPUKEJFKG5EJYGFGPFKG0CEJUEJWDÒDGTFGP\WIGHTQTGPGP-[TQNXGTJKGNVGPVCRHGTJCNVGPPCEJ FTGK5VWPFGPWPFGKPGO8GTNWUVXQPOGJTCNU/CPPOW­VGUKEJ#TOHGNVOKVFGO4GUVUGKPGT6TWRRGP\WTÒEM \KGJGP&KG4WUUGPXGTHQNIVGPFKG5EJYGFGPPKEJVUQPFGTPDGUGV\VGP8CUCFKGYKEJVKIUVG5VCFVFGTYGUVHKPPKUEJGP .CPFUEJCHV¤UVGTDQVVGP

22




PETER I.

6540



$TQP\GOGFCKNNG  XQP , &WXKXKGT UR·VGTG 2T·IWPI WO   CWH FGP $GUWEJ FGU <CTGP KP FGT   2CTKUGT /ÒP\G )GJCTPKUEJVGU $TWUVDKNF T OKV WOIGNGIVGO /CPVGN)GHNÒIGNVG YGKDNKEJG )GUVCNV   UEJYGDVNOKV\YGK2QUCWPGPKO*KPVGTITWPF.CPFUEJCHVOKVCWHIGJGPFGT5QPPGOOI &KCMQX 8QT\ÒINKEJ



6541



$TQP\GOGFCKNNG  WPUKIPKGTV UR·VGTG 2T·IWPI WO   CWH FGP (TKGFGP XQP 0[UVCF \YKUEJGP   5EJYGFGPWPF4W­NCPFXQO#WIWUV&KG#TEJG0QCJCWH5GGFCTÒDGTHNKGIVGKPG6CWDGNOKV ¤N\YGKI KO 5EJPCDGN KO *KPVGTITWPF XGTDKPFGV GKP 4GIGPDQIGP FKG 5V·FVG 5V 2GVGTUDWTI WPF 5VQEM   JQNO<GKNGP5EJTKHVOOI&KCMQX 8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



0CEJFGOFKG4WUUGPKPFGP5QOOGTOQPCVGPFGT,CJTGWPFOGJTGTGUEJYGFKUEJG5V·FVG WC0QTTMÌ RKPI WPF 7OG¹  \GTUVÌTV JCVVGP OW­VG 5EJYGFGP UEJNKG­NKEJ CO  5GRVGODGT  KP FGP (TKGFGP XQP 0[UVCF  

HKPPKUEJ7WUKMCWRWPMKIGNGIGPKP9GUVHKPPNCPFECMOPQTFYGUVNKEJXQP6WTMW’DQ GKPYKNNKIGP&GT(TKGFG YCT GKP ITQ­GT 6TKWORJ FGU TWUUKUEJGP <CTGP 2GVGT + 5EJYGFGP OW­VG'UVNCPF.KXNCPFOKVFGP+PUGNP¤UGNWPF &CIÌ+PIGTOCPNCPF FCU)GDKGV\YKUEJGP5V2GVGTUDWTIWPF0CTXC UQYKG-CTGNKGPOKV8KDQTICP4W­NCPFCDVTGVGP WPFGTJKGNVNGFKINKEJFCUXQP2GVGT+GTQDGTVG(KPPNCPF\WTÒEM

6542



$TQP\GOGFCKNNG  WPUKIPKGTV UR·VGTG 2T·IWPI WO   CWH FGP (TKGFGP XQP 0[UVCF \YKUEJGP   5EJYGFGPWPF4W­NCPFXQO#WIWUV&KG#TEJG0QCJCWH5GGFCTÒDGTHNKGIVGKPG6CWDGNOKV ¤N\YGKI KO 5EJPCDGN KO *KPVGTITWPF XGTDKPFGV GKP 4GIGPDQIGP FKG 5V·FVG 5V 2GVGTUDWTI WPF 5VQEM   JQNO<GKNGP5EJTKHVOOI&KCMQX 8QT\ÒINKEJ &KG5EJTKHVKO#DUEJPKVVFGT8QTFGTUGKVGGPVJ·NVKTTVÒONKEJFKG,CJTGU\CJNCPUVCVVCNU%JTQPQITCOO

 23


KATHARINA I.

6544 6543

6543

<#4+0-#6*#4+0#+ 5KNDGTOÒP\GPFGU4QVGP/ÒP\JQHGUKP/QUMCW 

4WDGN/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX



4WDGN 2QNVKPC /QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX

6545

5GJTUEJÌP



 4(CUVUGJTUEJÌP



6546

6547

<YGK-WRHGTOÒP\GPFGU4QVGP/ÒP\JQHGUKP/QUMCW 

-W-QRGMGP/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKPHH&KCMQXHH

5GJTUEJÌP





-W-QRGMGP/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKPHH&KCMQXHH

5GJTUEJÌP





'KPUGKVKIG -W -QRGMGP-NKRRG  'MCVGTKPDWTI 0QXQFGN  I $KVMKP *  4  &KCMQX   50 448QT\ÒINKEJ

'KPG-WRHGTOÒP\GFGT/ÒP\UV·VVG'MCVGTKPDWTI 

6548

1,5:1

1,5:1

'KP0QXQFGNGKPGU8KGTVGNTWDGNUFGT/ÒP\UV·VVG5V2GVGTUDWTI  24

 4WDGN 2QNWRQNVKPPKM   5V 2GVGTUDWTI 0QXQFGN OKV INCVVGO 4CPF  I $KVMKP  4    &KCMQX50 8QPCNNGTITÌ­VGT5GNVGPJGKV5GJTUEJÌP 


PETER II.

6549

6550

6551

<#42'6'4++ 'KP4WDGNFGU4QVGP/ÒP\JQHGUKP/QUMCW 

4WDGN/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX

(CUVUGJTUEJÌP



5KNDGTOÒP\GPFGU/QUMCWGT/ÒP\JQHGU-CFCUJGXUM[ 

4WDGN/QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKPHHXCT&CX&KCMQXHHXCT (GKPG2CVKPCYKP\-TCV\GTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN/QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX  (GKPG2CVKPCYKP\-TCV\GTYKP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTCO4CPFHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



6552

6553

6554



4WDGN/QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKP 4 &CX&KCMQX  (GNFFGT8QTFGTUGKVGÒDGTCTDGKVGVHCUVUGJTUEJÌPUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN/QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKPXCT&CX&KCMQXXCT  -N5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN/QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKPXCT&CX&KCMQXXCT  5GJTUEJÌP

 25


PETER II.

6555

1,5:1

1,5:1

-WRHGTOÒP\GPFGU/QUMCWGT/ÒP\JQHGU-CFCUJGXUM[ 

-W-QRGMG/QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKPXCT 4 &KCMQXXCT  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV5GJTUEJÌP

6556



6557

1,5:1



-W-QRGMG/QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX  449KP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTCO4CPFXQT\ÒINKEJ





-W-QRGMG/QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKPHHXCT&KCMQXHHXCT  5GJTUGNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI*GTTNKEJG2CVKPCHCUV5VGORGNINCP\



6558

6559

1,5:1



-W-QRGMG/QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKPHHXCT&KCMQXHHXCT  5GJTUGNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI*GTTNKEJG2CVKPCHCUV5VGORGNINCP\





-W-QRGMG/QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKPHHXCT&KCMQXHHXCT  5GNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI9KP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTCO4CPFXQT\ÒINKEJ



6560

6561

6562

6563

6564



-W-QRGMG/QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKPHHXCT&KCMQXHHXCT  5GNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI<CKPGPFGXQT\ÒINKEJ





-W-QRGMG/QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKPHHXCT&KCMQXHHXCT  -N5VGORGNHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





-W-QRGMG/QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKP&KCMQX  *GTTNKEJG2CVKPCYKP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTCO4CPFXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





-W-QRGMG/QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKPXCT&KCMQXXCT  5GJTUGNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI*GTTNKEJG2CVKPCHCUV5VGORGNINCP\





-W-QRGMG/QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKPHHXCT&KCMQXHHXCT  5GNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI8QT\ÒINKEJ



26


ANNA

6565

6566



-W-QRGMG/QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKPXCT&KCMQXXCT  *GTTNKEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





-W-QRGMG/QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX  449KP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTCO4CPFUGJTUEJÌP



6568

6567

6569

<#4+0#00# 5KNDGTOÒP\GPFGU/QUMCWGT/ÒP\JQHGU-CFCUJGXUM[ 

4WDGN/QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKPHHXCT&CX&KCMQXHHXCT -N2T·IGUEJY·EJGUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN/QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKP&CX&KCMQXXCT  5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN/QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKP 4 &CX&KCMQX  44&WPMNG2CVKPCMN5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP



6570

6571



4WDGN/QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKP&CX&KCMQXHH  9KP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN/QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX  -N5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTCO4CPFUGJTUEJÌP

 27


ANNA

6572

6574

6573



4WDGN/QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX  5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN/QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKP 4 &CX&KCMQX  4*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN 2QNVKPC /QUMCW/ÒP\JQH-CFCUJGXUM[I$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX  445GJTUEJÌP



6575

6576

6577

5KNDGTOÒP\GPFGU4QVGP/ÒP\JQHGUKP/QUMCW 

4WDGN/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKPXCT&CX&KCMQX

5GJTUEJÌP





4WDGN/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKPXCT&CX&KCMQXXCT  -N5EJÒTHUVGNNGMN5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKPXCT&CX&KCMQXXCT



28

5GJTUEJÌP


ANNA

6579



6578 6579

4WDGN 2QNVKPC /QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP 4 XCT&KCMQXXCT  45GJTUEJÌP



<YGK4WDGNFGT/ÒP\UV·VVG5V2GVGTUDWTI 

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKPXCT 4 &CX&KCMQXXCT

6580



6582

5GJTUEJÌP



6581

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX  -N5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTCO4CPFUGJTUEJÌP



/GFCKNNGPFGT<CTKP#PPC 

5KNDGTOGFCKNNG  WPUKIPKGTV CWH KJTG -TÌPWPI KP /QUMCW )GMTÌPVGU $TWUVDKNF T OKV WOIGNGIVGO   /CPVGN&KG <CTKP UVGJV X X FGP -QRH PCEJ T IGYCPFV \W FGP 5GKVGP FKG 2GTUQPKHKMCVKQPGP XQP   )NCWDG WPF )NÒEM FKG KJT <GRVGT WPF 4GKEJUCRHGN ÒDGTTGKEJGP KO *KPVGTITWPF FKG RGTUQPKHK\KGTVG   .KGDGFKGOKVFGT4GEJVGPFKG-TQPGÒDGTFCU*CWRVFGT<CTKPJ·NVOOI&KCMQX

4  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV4CPFGVYCUDGCTDGKVGVUGJTUEJÌP 



$TQP\GOGFCKNNG Q , XQP 6 +YCPQHH XGTOWVNKEJ UR·VGTG 2T·IWPI FGU  ,CJTJWPFGTVU  IGHGTVKIV \W   'JTGPFGT<CTKP)GMTÌPVGU$TWUVDKNFTOKVWOIGNGIVGO/CPVGN/KPGTXCOKV*GNO5RGGTWPF5EJKNF UKV\V X X CWH 9QNMGP T CWH FGO $QFGP NKGIGP #VVTKDWVG XQP -WPUV WPF 9KUUGPUEJCHV  OO   I&KCMQX 8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\

 29


IVAN III.

6583

6584





6584

5KNDGTLGVQP  WPUKIPKGTV CWH FGP (TKGFGP OKV FGT 6ÒTMGK )GMTÌPVGU $TWUVDKNF T OKV WOIGNGIVGO   /CPVGN#FNGT OKV .QTDGGTMTCP\ KO 5EJPCDGN CWH #TOCVWTGP  OO  I $KVMKP    &KCMQX 4  45GJTUEJÌP



$TQP\GOGFCKNNGXQP(/CTVGCWCWHFGP(TKGFGPXQP$GNITCF\YKUEJGP¤UVGTTGKEJWPF4W­NCPF OKVFGT6ÒTMGK$TWUVDKNFFGUHTCP\ÌUKUEJGP-ÌPKIU.QWKU:8T&KG2GTUQPKHKMCVKQP(TCPMTGKEJUVJTQPV XXWPFPKOOVXQPFTGKYGKDNKEJGPCPVKMIGMNGKFGVGP)GUVCNVGPOKVFGP5EJKNFGP¤UVGTTGKEJU4W­NCPFU D\YFGT6ÒTMGKLGGKPGP.QTDGGT\YGKIGPVIGIGPOOI&KCMQX 4 2CZKP0WO OKUp 48QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



6585

6586

<#4+8#0+++ <YGK-WRHGTOÒP\GPFGU4QVGP/ÒP\JQHGUKP/QUMCW 

-QRGMGP )TKXGPPKM /QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX  445GJTUEJÌP





-QRGMGP )TKXGPPKM /QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX  44<YGKIGUVQRHVG.ÌEJGTUEJÌPpUGJTUEJÌP



6587



<YGK4WDGNFGT/ÒP\UV·VVG5V2GVGTUDWTI

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX

4&WPMNG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 &CX&KCMQX  $GTKGDGP)TCHHKVKKO(GNFFGT4ÒEMUGKVGUGJTUEJÌP



6588

 30


ELISABETH

6589

6589 1,5:1

<#4+0'.+5#$'6* )QNFOÒP\GPFGT<CTKP'NKUCDGVJ 

 4WDGN  /QUMCW 4QVGT /ÒP\JQH  I )GMTÌPVGU $TWUVDKNF T OKV WOIGNGIVGO/CPVGN8KGT IGMTÌPVG9CRRGPKPU-TGW\IGUVGNNVKPFGT/KVVG#FNGTUEJKNFKPFGP9KPMGNPFKGIGVGKNVG,CJTGU\CJN $KVMKP 4 &KCMQX FQTVHCNUEJG8QTFGTUGKVGPCDDKNFWPI (D  )1.&44*ÒDUEJG)QNFRCVKPCGVYCUDGTKGDGPUGJTUEJÌP

6590



6591



4WDGN/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX 4 (D  )1.&#VVTCMVKXGU'ZGORNCTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX 4 (D  )1.&445GJTUEJÌP



6592

6593

6594

5KNDGTOÒP\GPFGU4QVGP/ÒP\JQHGUKP/QUMCW 

4WDGN/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKPXCT&CX&KCMQXXCT

 5GJTUEJÌP





4WDGN/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX  *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX  (GKPG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP

 31


ELISABETH

6597

6596

6595

6595



4WDGN 2QNWRQNVKPPKM /QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP&KCMQX



 -QRGMGP )TKXGPPKM   ,CJTGU\CJN KO 5VGORGN CWU  IG·PFGTV  /QUMCW 4QVGT /ÒP\JQH   I$KVMKP&KCMQX 4  5GJTUEJÌP





-QRGMGP )TKXGPPKM /QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKPXCT&KCMQXXCT  5GJTUEJÌP



6598

6599

 5GJTUEJÌP



6600

5KNDGTOÒP\GPFGT/ÒP\UV·VVG5V2GVGTUDWTI 

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKPXCT&CX&KCMQXXCT

5GJTUEJÌP





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKPXCT&CX&KCMQXXCT  (GKPG-TCV\GTUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKPXCT&CX&KCMQXXCT

5GJTUEJÌP



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX  (GKPG2CVKPCMN5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



6601

 32


ELISABETH

6602

6603

6604



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX

5GJTUEJÌP





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX

5GJTUEJÌP





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX

5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



6605

6606

6607



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX  -N5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTI5QIGPCPPVGT5EQVV4WDGNI$KVMKP&CX&KCMQXXCT (GKPG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTI5QIGPCPPVGT5EQVV4WDGNI$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX  #VVTCMVKXGU'ZGORNCTOKVJÒDUEJGT2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP

 33


ELISABETH

6608

6609

6610



4WDGN 5V2GVGTUDWTI5QIGPCPPVGT5EQVV4WDGNI$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX -N<CKPGPFGUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN 5V2GVGTUDWTI5QIGPCPPVGT5EQVV4WDGNI$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX (CUVUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN 2QNVKPC 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX  44'VYCUFG\GPVTKGTVMN2TQDKGTURWTCO4CPFUGJTUEJÌP



6612

6611



4WDGN 2QNVKPC 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX 4   445EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN 2QNVKPC 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX 4   44(GKPG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP



6613

1,5:1 6614



1,5:1 6614

-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII)TQ­GT5EJTÌVNKPI$KVMKP&KCMQX  5GNVGPDGUQPFGTUKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



-WRHGTOÒP\GPFGU4QVGP/ÒP\JQHGUKP/QUMCW  34

-W-QRGMG/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP&KCMQX  9KP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTCO4CPFXQT\ÒINKEJ




ELISABETH

6616

6615





-W-QRGMG  /QUMCW 4QVGT /ÒP\JQH  I ªDGTRT·IV CWH GKPGO -W -QRGMGP5VÒEM XQP   2GVGT++QFGT-CVJCTKPC+$KVMKP&KCMQX  ªDGTRT·IWPIUURWTGPJÒDUEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



-W-QRGMG  /QUMCW 4QVGT /ÒP\JQH  I ªDGTRT·IV CWH GKPGO -W -QRGMGP5VÒEM XQP   2GVGT++QFGT-CVJCTKPC+$KVMKP&KCMQX  ªDGTRT·IWPIUURWTGPRTCEJVXQNNG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



6617

6618

6619



-W-QRGMG  /QUMCW 4QVGT /ÒP\JQH  I ªDGTRT·IV CWH GKPGO -W -QRGMGP5VÒEM XQP   2GVGT++QFGT-CVJCTKPC+$KVMKP&KCMQX ªDGTRT·IWPIUURWTGPUGJTUEJÌP





-W-QRGMGP/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP&KCMQX



8QT\ÒINKEJ

'KPG-WRHGTOÒP\GFGT/ÒP\UV·VVG'MCVGTKPDWTI 

-W -QRGMGP  'MCVGTKPDWTI  I 5KEJVDCT ÒDGTRT·IV CWH GKPGO -W -QRGMGP5VÒEM XQP   2GVGT++QFGT-CVJCTKPC+$KVMKP&KCMQX 4ªDGTRT·IWPIUURWTGPUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



6622

6620

6621

2T·IWPIGPHÒT1UVRTGW­GP 

 6CNGT  -ÌPKIUDGTI IGRT·IV HÒT 1UVRTGW­GP WPVGT TWUUKUEJGT $GUCV\WPI  I $KVMKP   

4 &KCMQX 4 1NF# 5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





6CNGT-ÌPKIUDGTIIGRT·IVHÒT1UVRTGW­GPWPVGTTWUUKUEJGT$GUCV\WPII$KVMKP 4  &KCMQX1NFC 5GJTUGNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI-N2T·IGUEJY·EJGCO4CPFXQT\ÒINKEJ





)TÌUEJGT  -ÌPKIUDGTI IGRT·IV HÒT 1UVRTGW­GP WPVGT TWUUKUEJGT $GUCV\WPI  I $KVMKP    &KCMQX1NFC 'VYCURQTÌUGT5EJTÌVNKPIHCUVUGJTUEJÌPUGJTUEJÌP

 35


ELISABETH

6624

6623

6626

6625



)TÌUEJGT-ÌPKIUDGTIIGRT·IVHÒT1UVRTGW­GPWPVGTTWUUKUEJGT$GUCV\WPII$KVMKPHH XCT&KCMQXHHXCT1NFC /KPRQTÌUGT5EJTÌVNKPIHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





)TÌUEJGT  -ÌPKIUDGTI IGRT·IV HÒT 1UVRTGW­GP WPVGT TWUUKUEJGT $GUCV\WPI  I $KVMKP    &KCMQX1NFC 5GJTUEJÌP





)TÌUEJGT  -ÌPKIUDGTI IGRT·IV HÒT 1UVRTGW­GP WPVGT TWUUKUEJGT $GUCV\WPI  I $KVMKP    &KCMQX1NFC 5GJTUEJÌP





)TÌUEJGT  -ÌPKIUDGTI IGRT·IV HÒT 1UVRTGW­GP WPVGT TWUUKUEJGT $GUCV\WPI  I $KVMKP    &KCMQX1NFC 5GJTUEJÌP



6627

6628



)TÌUEJGT/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHIGRT·IVHÒT1UVRTGW­GPWPVGTTWUUKUEJGT$GUCV\WPII $KVMKPNGKEJVXCT 4 &KCMQXNGKEJVXCT1NFC 5GJTUEJÌP





)TÌUEJGT/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHIGRT·IVHÒT1UVRTGW­GPWPVGTTWUUKUEJGT$GUCV\WPII $KVMKP 4 &KCMQX1NFC 9KP\-TCV\GTHCUVUGJTUEJÌP



6629

/GFCKNNGPFGT<CTKP'NKUCDGVJ 

36

$TQP\GOGFCKNNG  XQP ) % 9CGEJVGT WPF , ) 9CGEJVGT XGTOWVNKEJ UR·VGTG 2T·IWPI FGU    ,CJTJWPFGTVU  CWH FKG CNNIGOGKPG #OPGUVKG )GMTÌPVGU $TWUVDKNF T OKV WOIGNGIVGO /CPVGN&KG   RGTUQPKHK\KGTVG)PCFGNÌUVFKG(GUUGNPXQPFTGK)GHCPIGPGPKO*KPVGTITWPF)GH·PIPKUIGD·WFGCWUFGO YGKVGTG)GHCPIGPGUVTÌOGPOOI&KCMQX 48QT\ÒINKEJ




ELISABETH

6630



$TQP\GOGFCKNNG  XQP 6 +YCPQHH WPF 5 ,WFKP UR·VGTG 2T·IWPI FGU  ,CJTJWPFGTVU  CWH FKG   )GDWTVFGU)TQ­HÒTUVGPWPFUR·VGTGP<CTGP2CWN+)GMTÌPVGU$TWUVDKNFTOKVWOIGNGIVGO/CPVGN&KG RGTUQPKHK\KGTVG 8QTUGJWPI KP 9QNMGP ÒDGTIKDV FGT XQT GKPGO DTGPPGPFGP #NVCT MPKGPFGP 4WUUKC FCU   0GWIGDQTGPGOOI&KCMQX 8QT\ÒINKEJ



6631



$TQP\GOGFCKNNGXQP,4GKEJGN UR·VGTG2T·IWPIFGU,CJTJWPFGTVU CWHFKG)TÒPFWPIFGT7PK XGTUKV·V/QUMCW)GMTÌPVGU$TWUVDKNFTOKVWOIGNGIVGO/CPVGN4WUUKCUKV\VXXFGPNKPMGP#TOCWH 9CRRGPUEJKNF IGNGIV OKV FGT 4GEJVGP FGWVGV UKG CWH \CJNTGKEJG 5[ODQNG FGT -WPUV 9KUUGPUEJCHV WPF   +PFWUVTKG XQP FGPGP UKG WOIGDGP KUV JKPVGT KJT DGHKPFGV UKEJ GKPG 5·WNG CWH FGT GKP IGMTÌPVGT5EJKNF OKV FGO /QPQITCOO XQP 'NKUCDGVJ UVGJV KO *KPVGTITWPF 5VCFVCPUKEJV XQP /QUMCW OKV FGO -TGON   OOI&KCMQX 4  42TCEJVGZGORNCT(CUV5VGORGNINCP\



6632



$TQP\GOGFCKNNGXQP6+YCPQHH UR·VGTG2T·IWPIWO CWHFKGHKPCP\KGNNG9KGFGTJGTUVGNNWPI FGT 5VCCVUMCUUG )GMTÌPVGU $TWUVDKNF T OKV WOIGNGIVGO /CPVGN9GKDNKEJG )GUVCNV FCU RGTUQPKHK\KGTVG   9QJNYQNNGP UVGJVJCNDNFGP-QRH\WTÒEMIGYCPFVWPF\ÒPFGVOKVGKPGT(CEMGN$ÒEJGTWPF2CRKGTGCP OKVFGT4GEJVGPTGKEJVUKGGKPGOJKPVGTKJTMPKGPFGP$CWGTP(TÒEJVGOOI&KCMQX 8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\

 37


PETER III.

6633



$TQP\GOGFCKNNGXQP()&WDWVCWHFKG8GTNGKJWPIFGU5V#PFTGCU1TFGPUCPFGPWPICTKUEJGP )TCHGP WPF *CWRVOCPP FGT WPICTKUEJGP .GKDICTFG 0KMQNCWU + ,QUGRJ 'UVGTJC\[ FG )CNCPVJC    Ó)GJCTPKUEJVGU$TWUVDKNFFGU)TCHGPTOKVWOIGNGIVGO/CPVGN&CTUVGNNWPIFGT1TFGPUXGTNGKJWPI OOI&KCMQX 48QT\ÒINKEJ

6634

6636



6635

<#42'6'4+++ 'KP4WDGNFGU4QVGP/ÒP\JQHGUKP/QUMCW 

4WDGN/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP 4 &CX&KCMQX



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX 4 

45GJTUEJÌP



45GJTUEJÌP



'KP4WDGNFGT/ÒP\UV·VVG5V2GVGTUDWTI

'KP6CNGT2GVGTU+++CNU*GT\QIXQP5EJNGUYKI*QNUVGKP)QVVQTR 

38

#NDGTVWUVCNGT  /CPPJGKO 2T·IWPI HÒT 5EJNGUYKI*QNUVGKP)QVVQTR CNU *GT\QI -CTN2GVGT7NTKEJ   I )GJCTPKUEJVGU $TWUVDKNF T OKV WOIGNGIVGO /CPVGN WPF 1TFGPUDCPF)GMTÌPVGT   &QRRGNCFNGTOKVFGP5EJKNFGPXQP4W­NCPFWPF*QNUVGKP)QVVQTRCWHFGT$TWUVWOIGDGPXQPFGT-GVVG FGU#PFTGCUQTFGPU/KV4CPFUEJTKHV0#%*É&'/É(75É&'4ÉŐŐÉ#.$'4675É6*#.'4 $KVMKP 4 &CX&KCMQX 4 *CCUNGKEJVXCT.CPIGNGKEJVXCT  44*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌPXQT\ÒINKEJ 


KATHARINA II.

6637

1,5:1

1,5:1

<#4+0-#6*#4+0#++ )QNFOÒP\GPFGT<CTKP-CVJCTKPC++ 

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII)GMTÌPVGU$TWUVDKNFTOKVWOIGNGIVGO/CPVGN8KGTIGMTÌPVG 9CRRGPKPU-TGW\IGUVGNNVKPFGT/KVVG#FNGTUEJKNFKPFGP9KPMGNPFKGIGVGKNVG,CJTGU\CJN $KVMKP 4 &KCMQX 4 (DC  )1.&5GNVGPDGUQPFGTUKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI2TCEJVGZGORNCT8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\ 

6638

1,5:1



1,5:1

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII)GMTÌPVGU$TWUVDKNFTOKVWOIGNGIVGO/CPVGN8KGTIGMTÌPVG 9CRRGPKPU-TGW\IGUVGNNVKPFGT/KVVG#FNGTUEJKNFKPFGP9KPMGNPFKGIGVGKNVG,CJTGU\CJN &KG (GNFGT FGT 8QTFGT WPF 4ÒEMUGKVG UKPF TQV D\Y ITÒP GOCKNNKGTV $KVMKP  4  &KCMQX  4    (DC )1.&48QT\ÒINKEJG#TDGKV 

6639

6640

6639



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX 4 (DC  )1.&45GJTUEJÌP





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX 4 (DD  )1.&49KP\-TCV\GTUGJTUEJÌP

 39


KATHARINA II.

6641

1,5:1



1,5:1

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII)GMTÌPVGU$TWUVDKNFTOKV.QTDGGTMTCP\WPFWOIGNGIVGO/CPVGN 8KGTIGMTÌPVG9CRRGPKPU-TGW\IGUVGNNVKPFGT/KVVG#FNGTUEJKNFKPFGP9KPMGNPFKGIGVGKNVG,CJTGU \CJN$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX 4 (DD  )1.&5GNVGPDGUQPFGTUKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI9KP\-TCV\GTXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\

6644

6643

6642





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX 4 (D  )1.&4(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



4WDGN  5V 2GVGTUDWTI +P 752NCUVKMJQNFGT FGT 0)% OKVFGT$GYGTVWPI#7$KVMKP 4  &KCMQX(D )1.&48QT\ÒINKEJ 



4WDGN 2QNVKPC 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX(D  )1.&5GJTUEJÌP

6645

6647

6648





6646

5KNDGTOÒP\GPFGU4QVGP/ÒP\JQHGUKP/QUMCW 

4WDGN/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP 4 &CX  44#VVTCMVKXGU'ZGORNCTOKVJGTTNKEJGT2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP 4 &CX&KCMQX  4(CUVUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN 2QNWRQNVKPPKM /QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP&KCMQX

5GJTUEJÌP





-QRGMGP/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP&KCMQX

5GJTUEJÌP



40


KATHARINA II.

6649

6650

5KNDGTOÒP\GPFGT/ÒP\UV·VVG5V2GVGTUDWTI 

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX  *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCMN5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX

(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



6651

6652



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX

(GKPG2CVKPCHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX  9KP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTCO4CPFUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



6653

6654



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX

(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX

(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



6655

6656



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTI+P752NCUVKMJQNFGTFGT2%)5OKVFGT$GOGTMWPI)GPWKPG$KVMKP &CX&KCMQX 5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX



5GJTUEJÌP

41


KATHARINA II.

6657

6658



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX

5GJTUEJÌP





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX

5GJTUEJÌP





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX  #VVTCMVKXGU'ZGORNCTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX



6659

6661

6660

5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

6662



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX  (GKPG2CVKPCYKP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX  -N5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ



6663

6664



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX 4 

5GJTUEJÌP





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 &CX&KCMQX 4   (GKPG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP



42


KATHARINA II.

6666

6665



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX 4   4#VVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX&KCMQX 4   (GKPG2CVKPCMN-TCV\GTUGJTUEJÌP



6667

6668



 4WDGN 2QNVKPC   ,CJTGU\CJN KO 5VGORGN CWU  IG·PFGTV  5V 2GVGTUDWTI  I $KVMKP   &KCMQX 4  45GJTUEJÌP





4WDGN 2QNVKPC 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&KCMQX 4   (GKPG2CVKPCMN5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



6670

6669



4WDGN 2QNVKPC 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX 4 

45GJTUEJÌP





4WDGN 2QNVKPC 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX 4   4-N4CPFXGTRT·IWPIYKP\5EJTÌVNKPIHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP



6671

6672

6673

6674

6675



4WDGN 2QNWRQNVKPPKM 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&KCMQX 4   4(GKPG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP



  

-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&KCMQX -QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&KCMQX -QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&KCMQX 4 

  



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTI+P752NCUVKMJQNFGTFGT0)%OKVFGT$GYGTVWPI/5$KVMKP &KCMQX 5GNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\

5GJTUEJÌP *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP 5GJTUEJÌP

 43


KATHARINA II.

6677

6676



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&KCMQX

5GJTUEJÌP





-QRGMGP )TKXGPPKM 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&KCMQX  *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP



6678

6679

6680

-WRHGTOÒP\GPFGU4QVGP/ÒP\JQHGUKP/QUMCW 

-W-QRGMGP/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI5KEJVDCTÒDGTRT·IVCWHGKPGO-W-QRGMGP 5VÒEMXQP2GVGT+++$KVMKP&KCMQX ªDGTRT·IWPIUURWTGPUGJTUEJÌP





-W -QRGMGP  /QUMCW 4QVGT /ÒP\JQH  I ªDGTRT·IV CWH GKPGO -W -QRGMGP5VÒEM   XQP2GVGT+++$KVMKP&KCMQX 48QT\ÒINKEJ





-W-QRGMGP/QUMCW4QVGT/ÒP\JQHI$KVMKP&KCMQX  +PVGTGUUCPVGªDGTRT·IWPI*GTTNKEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



6681

6682

-WRHGTOÒP\GPFGT/ÒP\UV·VVG5V2GVGTUDWTI 

-W-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII5KEJVDCTÒDGTRT·IVCWHGKPGO-W-QRGMGP5VÒEM XQP2GVGT+++$KVMKP&KCMQX ªDGTRT·IWPIUURWTGPUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





-W-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII5KEJVDCTÒDGTRT·IVCWHGKPGO-W-QRGMGP5VÒEM XQP2GVGT+++$KVMKP&KCMQX ªDGTRT·IWPIUURWTGPUGJTUEJÌP



44


KATHARINA II.

6683



6685

6684

-WRHGTOÒP\GPFGT/ÒP\UV·VVG'MCVGTKPDWTI

8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





-W-QRGMGP'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP&KCMQX

-W-QRGMGP'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP&KCMQX  *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





-W-QRGMGP'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP&KCMQX

5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



6687

6686



-W-QRGMGP'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX

45GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





-W-QRGMG'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP&KCMQX#  *GTTNKEJG2CVKPCYKP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTCO4CPFXQT\ÒINKEJ



6688

6689

6690

6691



-W-QRGMG'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP&KCMQX

(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





-W&GPIC'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP&KCMQX  4#VVTCMVKXGUHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT





-W2QNWUEJMC'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP&KCMQX  -N5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTCO4CPFHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





-W2QNWUEJMC'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX 4   445GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

 45


KATHARINA II.

6693

6692



6694

6695

6696

-W2QNWUEJMC'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX

48QT\ÒINKEJ





-W&GPIC5W\WP -QN[XCP I$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX  4-N5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTCO4CPFHCUVUGJTUEJÌP



  

-W&GPIC5W\WP -QN[XCP I$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX -W2QNWUEJMC5W\WP -QN[XCP I$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX 4  -W2QNWUEJMC5W\WP -QN[XCP I$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX

  

-WRHGTOÒP\GPFGT/ÒP\UV·VVG5W\WP

5GJTUEJÌP 44(CUVUGJTUEJÌP 445GJTUEJÌP

6698

6697

6697

-WRHGTOÒP\GPFGT/ÒP\UV·VVG#PPKPUMQ[G 

-W-QRGMGP#PPKPUMQ[G+P752NCUVKMJQNFGTFGT0)%OKVFGT$GYGTVWPI/5$0 $KVMKP &KCMQX 8QT\ÒINKEJ





-W-QRGMGP#PPKPUMQ[GI$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX 4  45GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



6699

6700



-W-QRGMGP#PPKPUMQ[GI$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX 4   44-N-TCV\GTUGJTUEJÌP





-W -QRGMGP  #PPKPUMQ[G  I 5KEJVDCT ÒDGTRT·IV CWH GKPGO -W -QRGMGP5VÒEM    XQP-CVJCTKPC++$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKVªDGTRT·IWPIUURWTGPUGJTUEJÌP



&KG<WYGKUWPI\WT/ÒP\UV·VVG#PPKPUMQ[GKUVPKEJVIGUKEJGTV

46


KATHARINA II.

6701

  

6702

-WRHGTRT·IWPIGPHÒT5KDKTKGP

-W-QRGMGP5W\WP -QN[XCP HÒT5KDKTKGPI$KVMKP&KCMQX -W-QRGMGP5W\WP -QN[XCP HÒT5KDKTKGPI$KVMKP&KCMQX

6703

5GJTUEJÌP 8QT\ÒINKEJ

 

-W-QRGMGP5W\WP -QN[XCP HÒT5KDKTKGPI$KVMKP&KCMQX  (CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



6704

6705

6706



-W-QRGMGP5W\WP -QN[XCP HÒT5KDKTKGPI$KVMKP&KCMQX  -N5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP





-W-QRGMGP5W\WP -QN[XCP HÒT5KDKTKGPI$KVMKP&KCMQX

8QT\ÒINKEJ





-W-QRGMGP5W\WP -QN[XCP HÒT5KDKTKGPI$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX  4'VYCUHNGEMKIUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

 47


KATHARINA II.

6708

6707

6707



-W-QRGMGP5W\WP -QN[XCP HÒT5KDKTKGPI$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX  4'VYCU)TÒPURCPUGJTUEJÌP





-W-QRGMGP5W\WP -QN[XCP HÒT5KDKTKGPI$KVMKP&KCMQX

5GJTUEJÌP





-W-QRGMGP5W\WP -QN[XCP HÒT5KDKTKGPI$KVMKP&KCMQX  #VVTCMVKXGU'ZGORNCTXQT\ÒINKEJ





-W-QRGMGP5W\WP -QN[XCP HÒT5KDKTKGPI$KVMKP&KCMQX



6710

6709

6711

6712

8QT\ÒINKEJ

6711

-WRHGTRT·IWPIGPHÒT/QNFCYKGPWPFFKG9CNCEJGK 

-W 2CTC  -QRGMGP   5CFQIWTC IGRT·IV Y·JTGPF FGT TWUUKUEJGP $GUGV\WPI /QNFCYKGPU WPF   FGT 9CNCEJGK Y·JTGPF FGU VÒTMKUEJTWUUKUEJGP -TKGIGU JGTIGUVGNNV CWU -CPQPGPDTQP\G &KEMCDUEJNCI   I$KVMKPp XIN $TCWUG/CPUHGNFp XIN6HFQTVXQP &KCMQXp XIN#XCT  445GJTUEJÌP 'ZGORNCTFGT5COONWPI#PVQPKP2TQMQR6GKN#WMVKQP#WTGC0WOKUOCVKMC2TCI0T







9·JTGPF FGU TWUUKUEJVÒTMKUEJGP -TKGIGU  XGTFT·PIVGP FKG TWUUKUEJGP 5VTGKVMT·HVG FKG 6ÒTMGP CWU FGO   OQNFCYKUEJGP )GDKGV WPF FGT 9CNCEJGK (ÒT FKG PWP GTHQTFGTNKEJG /ÒP\RT·IWPI XGTYGPFGVG OCP FCU /GVCNN   GTDGWVGVGTVÒTMKUEJGT)GUEJÒV\G



48

-W2CTC  &GPICU   5CFQIWTC IGRT·IV Y·JTGPF FGT TWUUKUEJGP $GUGV\WPI /QNFCYKGPU WPF FGT   9CNCEJGKY·JTGPFFGUVÒTMKUEJTWUUKUEJGP-TKGIGUJGTIGUVGNNVCWU-CPQPGPDTQP\GI$KVMKP

4 $TCWUG/CPUHGNF6HXCT&KCMQX 4  445EJÌPpUGJTUEJÌP




KATHARINA II.

6713





6714

-W2CTC  &GPICU   5CFQIWTC IGRT·IV Y·JTGPF FGT TWUUKUEJGP $GUGV\WPI /QNFCYKGPU WPF FGT   9CNCEJGK Y·JTGPF FGU VÒTMKUEJTWUUKUEJGP -TKGIGU JGTIGUVGNNV CWU -CPQPGPDTQP\G  I $KVMKP   $TCWUG/CPUHGNF6H&KCMQX -N<CKPGPFGUGJTUEJÌP



-W2CTC  &GPICU   5CFQIWTC IGRT·IV Y·JTGPF FGT TWUUKUEJGP $GUGV\WPI /QNFCYKGPU WPF FGT   9CNCEJGKY·JTGPFFGUVÒTMKUEJTWUUKUEJGP-TKGIGUJGTIGUVGNNVCWU-CPQPGPDTQP\GI$KVMKP

4 $TCWUG/CPUHGNF6HXCT&KCMQX 4  445GJTUEJÌP



1,5:1

6715

'KP-WRHGT-QRGMGP5VÒEMFGTUEJYGFKUEJGP/ÒP\UV·VVG#XGUVC 

-W-QRGMGP5EJYGFKUEJG2T·IWPICWUFGT/ÒP\UV·VVG#XGUVCI)GMTÌPVGU/QPQITCOO \W FGP 5GKVGP FKG IGVGKNVG ,CJTGU\CJN    WOJGT .QTDGGT WPF 2CNO\YGKI)GMTÌPVGT &QRRGNCFNGT   OKV<GRVGTWPF4GKEJUCRHGNKPFGP(·PIGPCWHFGT$TWUV9CRRGPUEJKNFWPVGP/ÒP\\GKEJGP'/WPF 5EJTKHVDCPFQDGP-TQPG#JNUVTÌO 4 $KVMKP 4 &KCMQX 4 5/*  8QPCNNGTITÌ­VGT5GNVGPJGKV4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP  $GK FGO XQTNKGIGPFGP UGJT UGNVGPGP -WRHGTUVÒEM JCPFGNV GU UKEJ WO GKPG UEJYGFKUEJG -TKGIURT·IWPI CWU FGO   TWUUKUEJUEJYGFKUEJGP -TKGI XQP  )WUVCX +++ NKG­ KP UGKPGT /ÒP\UV·VVG #XGUVC -QRGMGP5VÒEMG   JGTUVGNNGPOKVFGPGPUGKPG6TWRRGPKPFGP)TGP\TGIKQPGPTWUUKUEJG#TDGKVGTDG\CJNGPMQPPVGP&CDGKDGJCWRVGVGP FKG 5EJYGFGP FCUU UKG FKG -WRHGTOÒP\GP XQP TWUUKUEJGP 5EJKHHGP GTDGWVGV J·VVGP 6CVU·EJNKEJ YCTGP FKG   UEJYGFKUEJGP-QRGMGP5VÒEMGHÒTFCUCNNIGOGKPG2WDNKMWOMCWOXQPFGPTWUUKUEJGP\WWPVGTUEJGKFGP8GTINGKEJV OCPFKGTWUUKUEJGPOKVFGPUEJYGFKUEJGP2T·IWPIGPUQH·NNVLGFQEJUQHQTVFGTIGTCFGCWHTGEJVG5VKNFGT<KHHGTPDGK FGP2T·IWPIGPCWU#XGUVCCWH#NNGUEJYGFKUEJGP-QRGMGP5VÒEMGYWTFGPKP#XGUVCJGTIGUVGNNV&COKVUKG KOTWUUKUEJGP<CJNWPIUXGTMGJTPKEJVUQHQTVCWHHKGNGPRT·IVGOCPFKG5VÒEMGOKVXGTUEJKGFGPGP,CJTGU\CJNGP     &KGUG -TKGIURT·IWPI IGJÌTV \W FGP IGNFIGUEJKEJVNKEJ DGUQPFGTU KPVGTGUUCPVGP 'TUEJGKPWPIGP WPF \W   FGPIGUWEJVGP5GNVGPJGKVGPFGTTWUUKUEJGPWPFUEJYGFKUEJGP0WOKUOCVKM  &GTJKGTCPIGDQVGPG,CJTICPIKUVFGTOKV#DUVCPFUGNVGPUVGFGTFTGK,CJTI·PIGGUUKPFPWTUGJTYGPKIG5VÒEMG DGMCPPV PGDGPFGO'ZGORNCTKO/WUGWOXQP#XGUVCXGTOWVNKEJPWTKPRTKXCVGT*CPF 

49


KATHARINA II.

6716

/GFCKNNGPFGT<CTKP-CVJCTKPC++ 

$TQP\GOGFCKNNG  XQP 6 +YCPQHH 2T·OKG HÒT UQ\KCNGU 'PICIGOGPV )GMTÌPVGU $TWUVDKNF T OKV   WOIGNGIVGO /CPVGN8KGT <GKNGP 5EJTKHV KP XGT\KGTVGT -CTVWUEJG  OO  I &KCMQX   

4  48QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



6717



$TQP\GOGFCKNNGXQP6+YCPQHHWPF,)9CGEJVGT XGTOWVNKEJUR·VGTG2T·IWPIFGU,CJTJWP FGTVU  CWH KJTG -TÌPWPI )GMTÌPVGU $TWUVDKNF T OKV WOIGNGIVGO /CPVGN&KG 2GTUQPKHKMCVKQPGP FGU   )NCWDGPU WPF 4W­NCPFU JCNVGP GKPGP -TCP\ OKV FGO /QPQITCOO -CVJCTKPCU ++ÒDGTGKPGP#NVCTCWH FGO GKPG TCWEJGPFG 1RHGTUEJCNG UVGJV QDGP FKG RGTUQPKHK\KGTVG 8QTUGJWPI OKV -TQPG WPF <GRVGT KP   9QNMGPOOI&KCMQX 4  -N-TCV\GTCO4CPFXQT\ÒINKEJ



6718



50

<KPPOGFCKNNG  XQP 6 +YCPQHH CWH FKG )TWPFUVGKPNGIWPI FGT 5V +UCCMU-CVJGFTCNG KP 5V 2GVGTU   DWTI)GMTÌPVGU$TWUVDKNFTOKVWOIGNGIVGO/CPVGNWPF#PFTGCUQTFGP#PUKEJVFGT-CVJGFTCNGOO I&KCMQX FQTVKP5KNDGT  -QTQUKQPUURWTGPXQT\ÒINKEJ




KATHARINA II.

6720

6719

6719



5KNDGTOGFCKNNGQ, WO XQP8$CTCPQXWPF5,WFKPPCEJFGT8QTNCIGXQP,$)CUU2T·OKG FGT .KDGTCNGP ¤MQPQOKUEJGP )GUGNNUEJCHV XGTNKGJGP HÒT 8GTFKGPUVG WO FKG .CPFYKTVUEJCHV )GMTÌPVGU   $TWUVDKNFTOKVWOIGNGIVGO/CPVGN%GTGUUKV\VXXCWH)GVTGKFGICTDGPXQTGKPGO2CNODCWOKPFGT GTJQDGPGP4GEJVGP-TCP\KONKPMGP#TO%CFWEGWUKO*KPVGTITWPFNGKPRHNÒIGPFGT$CWGTOO I&KCMQX 4  44(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ 



$TQP\GOGFCKNNQP  XQP ) % WPF , ) 9CGEJVGT XGTOWVNKEJ UR·VGTG 2T·IWPI FGU  ,CJTJWP   FGTVU CWHFGPTWUUKUEJGP)TCHGP)TGIQT)TGIQTKGYKVUEJ1TNQHHIGUVKHVGVXQO5GPCVHÒTFKG$GM·ORHWPI FGT$GWNGPRGUVKP/QUMCW$TWUVDKNFFGU)TCHGPNOKVWOIGNGIVGO/CPVGNWPFFGO/GFCKNNQPDKNFFGT <CTKP&GT )TCH TGKVGV PCEJ N CWH GKPGP (NCOOGPCDITWPF \W KO *KPVGTITWPF 5VCFVCPUKEJV XQP /QU   MCWOOI&KCMQX 4 5NI$TGVVCWGT 48QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\

 51


KATHARINA II.

6721

6722





52

6722

$TQP\GOGFCKNNGXQP6+YCPQHHWPF2$QDTQXUJKMQX UR·VGTG2T·IWPIXQP CWHFKG'KPVGK NWPI FGU 4GKEJGU KP 2TQXKP\GP )GMTÌPVGU $TWUVDKNF T OKV .QTDGGTMTCP\ WPF WOIGNGIVGO /CPVGN   6KUEJOKV6KUEJFGEMGFKGOKV9CCIGPXGT\KGTVKUVFCTCWHNKGIVGKP-QORC­CWHGKPGO$WEJQDGP$Q IGPFCTCWH<GPVCWTOKV2HGKNWPF$QIGPWOIGDGPXQP5VGTPGPOOI&KCMQX

4  448QT\ÒINKEJ



$TQP\GOGFCKNNGXQP%.GDGTGEJVWPF,$)CUUCWHFKG/KITCVKQPFGT%JTKUVGPXQPFGT*CNDKP UGN -TKO PCEJ 4WUUNCPF )GMTÌPVG $ÒUVG T OKV .QTDGGTMTCP\ WPF WOIGNGIVGO /CPVGN&KG RGTUQPKHK   \KGTVG *QHHPWPI OKV -TGW\ ÒDGT FGT 5EJWNVGT UKV\V X X CP 2QFGUV CWH FGO GKP CWHIGUEJNCIGPGU $WEJ   NKGIVOKVFGT4GEJVGPTGKEJVUKG\YGKXQTKJTMPKGPFGP2GTUQPGPGKPGP¤N\YGKIOKVFGT.KPMGPFGWVGV UKGCWHGKPG(GUVWPIKO*KPVGTITWPFÒDGTFGTGP/CWGTPFKGTWUUKUEJG(CJPGYGJVOOI &KCMQXXCT 4  8QT\ÒINKEJ




KATHARINA II.

6723



$TQP\GOGFCKNNGXQP,$)CUUWPF,)9CGEJVGTCWHFKG'TTKEJVWPIFGT4GKVGTUVCVWG2GVGTU+ CWHFGO5V2GVGTUDWTIGT&GMCDTKUVGPRNCV\CO#WIWUV$TWUVDKNFNOKV.QTDGGTMTCP\WPFWOIGNGIVGO /CPVGN#PUKEJVFGT4GKVGTUVCVWGCWHGKPGO(GNUGPOOI&KCMQX  48QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



6724

6725



6725

-NKRRGPHÌTOKIG5KNDGTOGFCKNNGWPUKIPKGTV2T·UGP\\GKEJGPFGT-CKUGTNKEJGP#MCFGOKGFGT9KUUGP UEJCHVGP 5VTCJNGPFGU /QPQITCOO KP \YGK \WUCOOGPIGDWPFGPGP .QTDGGT\YGKIGP$WEJ CWH 5QEMGN   FCTCWH'WNGCWH)NQDWUXQTFGO)NQDWU%CFWEGWU5EJNÒUUGNWPF.GKGTZOOI &KCMQX 4  4#VVTCMVKXGU'ZGORNCTOKVJÒDUEJGT2CVKPCHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





5KNDGTOGFCKNNG  XQP 6 +YCPQHH WPF 2 9 )CUU CWH FGP (TKGFGP XQP 8·T·N· 5ÒFQUVHKPPNCPF    \YKUEJGP5EJYGFGPWPF4W­NCPFCO#WIWUV PCEJITGIQTKCPKUEJGO-CNGPFGTCO#WIWUV 8CTK CPVGOKVFGT5KIPCVWT6+YCPQHHUXQP)GMTÌPVGU$TWUVDKNFTOKV.QTDGGTMTCP\WPFWOIGNGIVGO /CPVGN1NKXGP\YGKI KP .QTDGGTMTCP\  OO  I &KCMQX  XCT FQTV OKV 5KIPCVWT 6   +YCPQHHUXQP4  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV*GTTNKEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ 



5KNDGTLGVQPWPUKIPKGTVCWHFGP(TKGFGPOKVFGT6ÒTMGK)GMTÌPVGU/QPQITCOOWOJGT.QTDGGT MTCP\8KGT<GKNGP5EJTKHVOOI$KVMKP 4 &KCMQX 4   9KP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

 53


PAUL I.

6728

6727

<#42#7.+ 5KNDGTOÒP\GPFGT/ÒP\UV·VVG5V2GVGTUDWTI 

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN ,CJTGU\CJNKO5VGORGNCWUIG·PFGTV 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX  449KP\-TCV\GTUGJTUEJÌP



6729

6730



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX  *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCYKP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



6732

6731



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

 *ÒDUEJG2CVKPC&TWEMUVGNNGHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

/KPLWUVKGTVUGJTUEJÌP



6734

6735 6733



4WDGN 2QNVKPC 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4   4(GKPG2CVKPCCVVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT





4WDGN 2QNWRQNVKPPKM 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4   #VVTCMVKXGU'ZGORNCTOKVJGTTNKEJGT2CVKPCMN5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTCO4CPFXQT\ÒINKEJ





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

54

9KP\-TCV\GTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ




PAUL I.

6736



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP



6737

6738

5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



9KP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP



-QRGMGP ,CJTGU\CJNKO5VGORGNCWUIG·PFGTV 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP  ªDGTRT·IWPIUURWTGPJÒDUEJG2CVKPCHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



6740

6739

6741

-WRHGTOÒP\GPFGU<CTGP2CWN+ 

-W-QRGMGP'MCVGTKPDWTIIªDGTRT·IVKO,CJTKO#WHVTCIXQP<CT2CWN+ $KVMKP 4 &KCMQX 4FQTVWPVGT-CVJCTKPC++  44ªDGTRT·IWPIUURWTGPUGJTUEJÌP



-CVJCTKPC ++ DGUEJNQ­ KP KJTGO NGV\VGP 4GIKGTWPIULCJT  GKPG IGYCNVKIG /ÒP\TGHQTO &KG -WRHGTOÒP\GP \W    -QRGMGPYWTFGPWOCDIGYGTVGVKPFGOUKGOKVPGWGP5VGORGNPOKVFGO9GTV-QRGMGPWPFFGT,CJTGU\CJN  ÒDGTRT·IV YWTFGP 0CEJ FGO 6QF -CVJCTKPCU CO  0QXGODGT  UVQRRVG <CT 2CWN + FKGUG #MVKQP   WPXGT\ÒINKEJ WPF NKG­ FKG ÒDGTRT·IVGP /ÒP\GP KO ,CJT  YKGFGTWO OKV FGP CNVGP 5VGORGNP WPF FGT   WTURTÒPINKEJGP,CJTGU\CJNÒDGTRT·IGP&CU-QRGMGP5VÒEMFCUKPUGKPGO'PVUVGJWPIULCJTHÒTGKPKIG/QPCVG \W GKPGO  -QRGMGP5VÒEM IGYQTFGP YCT IGJÌTV UQOKV \W FGP PWOKUOCVKUEJ DGUQPFGTU KPVGTGUUCPVGP   'TUEJGKPWPIGPFGTTWUUKUEJGP/ÒP\IGUEJKEJVG

 

-W-QRGMGP'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP

 #VVTCMVKXGU'ZGORNCTXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\ -W-QRGMG'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP  5GNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI2TCEJVGZGORNCTOKVHGKPGT2CVKPC 9KP\&TWEMUVGNNGKO(GNFFGT8QTFGTUGKVGHCUV5VGORGNINCP\

6742

6743

 

6744



-W2QNWUEJMC ,CJTGU\CJNKO5VGORGNXGTOWVNKEJCWUIG·PFGTV 'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP  4  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV(GNFGTDGCTDGKVGVUGJTUEJÌP





-W2QNWUEJMC5W\WP -QN[XCP I$KVMKP 4 

445GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





-W2QNWUEJMC5W\WP -QN[XCP I$KVMKP 4   44.GKEJVG-QTTQUKQPUURWTGPUGJTUEJÌP

 55


ALEXANDER I.

6746

6745

6745

/GFCKNNGPFGU<CTGP2CWN+ 

5KNDGTOGFCKNNGQ,  XQP%.GDGTGEJVCWHUGKPG-TÌPWPIKP/QUMCW7PKHQTOKGTVGU$TWUVDKNFT OKVWOIGNGIVGO/CPVGN-TGW\OOI&KCMQX 4  45GJTUEJÌP



5KNDGTOGFCKNNGQ,  XQP%/GKUPGTCWHUGKPG-TÌPWPIKP/QUMCW7PKHQTOKGTVGU$TWUVDKNFT OKV WOIGNGIVGO /CPVGN-TGW\ +P 752NCUVKMJQNFGT FGT 0)% OKV FGT $GYGTVWPI #7  $KVMKP /    4 &KCMQX 4  48QT\ÒINKEJ 

6749

6748

6747



6750

6747

<#4#.':#0&'4+ 'KPG)QNFOÒP\GFGU<CTGP#NGZCPFGT+ 

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  )1.&-N4CPFHGJNGTHCUVUGJTUEJÌPUGJTUEJÌP



5KNDGTOÒP\GPFGT/ÒP\UV·VVG5V2GVGTUDWTI 

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

 4(GKPG2CVKPCYKP\-TCV\GTUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCYKP\-TCV\GTUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

5GJTUEJÌP



56


ALEXANDER I.

6751

6753

6752



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

*ÒDUEJG2CVKPC*GPMGNURWTUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

(CUVUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

4(GKPG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ



6754

6755

6754



4WDGN 2QNVKPC 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 



4WDGN 2QNWRQNVKPPKM 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 

6756

45EJÌPpUGJTUEJÌP



4(CUVUGJTUEJÌP



6758

6757



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 

49KP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4   49KP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4   4&WPMNG2CVKPCYKP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTCO4CPFUGJTUEJÌP



6759

6760



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 &CX  4(GKPG2CVKPCMN5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 &CX  4-N5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTCO4CPFHCUVUGJTUEJÌP

 57


ALEXANDER I.

6761

6762



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX  5GJTUGNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI2TCEJVGZGORNCT *GTTNKEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\

6763

9KP\4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP

 

6764



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 &CX

4,WUVKGTVXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 &CX  4(GKPG2CVKPCMN5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ



6765

 

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX 4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

6767

 

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX 4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

6769

  58

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX 4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

6766

,WUVKGTVXQT\ÒINKEJ 8QT\ÒINKEJ

 

6768

9KP\2T·IGUEJY·EJGXQT\ÒINKEJ 'VYCU$GNCICO4CPFXQT\ÒINKEJ

 

6770

5GJTUEJÌP 5GJTUEJÌP

 


ALEXANDER I.

6771

6772

6772



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

 2TCEJVXQNNG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



4WDGN 2QNVKPC 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

5GJTUEJÌP

 

6773

6774



6774

-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP  5GJTUGNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI2TCEJVGZGORNCTOKVJGTTNKEJGT2CVKPC (CUV5VGORGNINCP\



-WRHGTOÒP\GPFGU<CTGP#NGZCPFGT+ 

-W-QRGMGP'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP

6775

6776

8QT\ÒINKEJ



6777



-W-QRGMGP'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP 4 

44-N-TCV\GTUGJTUEJÌP





-W-QRGMGP'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP 4 

444CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP





-W-QRGMGP'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP

2TCEJVGZGORNCT(CUV5VGORGNINCP\

 59


ALEXANDER I.

6778

6781

6780

6779



-W-QRGMGP'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP  -N5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTCO4CPFXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





-W-QRGMGP'MCVGTKPDWTI0QXQFGNI$KVMKP* 4   445GJTCVVTCMVKXGU'ZGORNCTOKVHGKPGT2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





-W&GPIC'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP 4 

49KP\-QTTQUKQPUURWTGPUGJTUEJÌP





-W&GPIC'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP  5GNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



6783 6782

6782



-W-QRGMGP5W\WP -QN[XCP I$KVMKP 4 

445GJTUEJÌP



-W2WNK $KUVK 6KHNKUHÒT)GQTIKGPI$KVMKP  9KP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP



'KPG-WRHGTRT·IWPIHÒT)GQTIKGP 

1,5:1

6784

1,5:1

2T·IWPIGPHÒT2QNGP  60

 <NQV[EJ  9CTUEJCW HÒT 2QNGP  I $KVMKP  4  (D  FQTV WPVGT 2QNGP  5EJN   

FQTVWPVGT2QNGP  )1.&4(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ 


ALEXANDER I.

6785

6786



<NQV[EJ9CTUEJCWHÒT2QNGPI$KVMKP

,WUVKGTVHCUVUGJTUEJÌP





<NQV[EJ9CTUEJCWHÒT2QNGPI$KVMKP

5GJTUEJÌP



6788

6789

6787



<NQV[9CTUEJCWHÒT2QNGPI$KVMKP

5GJTUEJÌP





-W)TQU\9CTUEJCWHÒT2QNGPI$KVMKP

8QT\ÒINKEJ





-W)TQU\9CTUEJCWHÒT2QNGPI$KVMKP

8QT\ÒINKEJ



6790

1,5:1

1,5:1

'KP/GUUKPI2CUUKGTIGYKEJV 

2QNPKUEJGU 2CUUKGTIGYKEJV  HÒT  <NQV[EJ /GUUKPI  I )GMTÌPVGT &QRRGNCFNGT OKV 5EJYGTV   WPF4GKEJUCRHGNKPFGP(·PIGPCWHFGT$TWUV#FNGTUEJKNFCWHIGMTÌPVGO9CRRGPOCPVGNQDGP-TQPG 9GTVWPF,CJTKPXKGT<GKNGP$KVMKP FQTVWPVGT0KMQNCWU+4 6GYGU \W KP.6GYGU &KGUVCCVNKEJGP)QNFOÒP\IGYKEJVG/C­WPF)GYKEJV<GKVUEJTKHVHÒT/GVTQNQIKG0T5GRVGODGT 8QPITÌ­VGT5GNVGPJGKV9KP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT 

6791

6792

/GFCKNNGPFGU<CTGP#NGZCPFGT+ 



$TQP\GOGFCKNNG  XQP $ #PFTKGW CWH FKG 5EJNCEJV XQP #WUVGTNKV\ CO  &G\GODGT  $ÒUVG   0CRQN¾QPU + T OKV .QTDGGTMTCP\&KG $ÒUVGP XQP #NGZCPFGT + WPF -CKUGT (TCP\ + XQP ¤UVGTTGKEJ   GKPCPFGTIGIGPÒDGTOOI&KCMQX<GKV\  -N5VGORGNHGJNGTCO4CPFHCUV5VGORGNINCP\



$TQP\GOGFCKNNG  XQP $ #PFTKGW CWH FKG 5EJNCEJV XQP #WUVGTNKV\ CO  &G\GODGT  $ÒUVG   0CRQN¾QPU + T OKV .QTDGGTMTCP\&KG $ÒUVGP XQP #NGZCPFGT + WPF -CKUGT (TCP\ + XQP ¤UVGTTGKEJ   GKPCPFGTIGIGPÒDGTOOI&KCMQX<GKV\ 8QT\ÒINKEJ

 61


ALEXANDER I.

6793







6794

6795

$TQP\GOGFCKNNG  XQP $ #PFTKGW , 2 &TQ\ WPF & 8 &GPQP CWH FGP (TKGFGP XQP 6KNUKV\YK UEJGP 2TGW­GP 4W­NCPF WPF (TCPMTGKEJ &KG $TWUVDKNFGT 0CRQN¾QPU + #NGZCPFGTU + WPF (TKGFTKEJ   9KNJGNOU +++ PGDGPGKPCPFGT T&GT (NW­IQVV 0KGOGP NCIGTV PCEJ N FGP NKPMGP #TO CWH GKPGP CWU   UVTÌOGPFGP9CUUGTMTWIIGNGJPVKPFGT4GEJVGPJ·NVGTFCU/QFGNNFGU<GNVGUKPFGOFKGFTGK4GIGPVGP \WUCOOGPMCOGPN¤NDCWOOOI&KCMQX 4  -N4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ



$TQP\GOGFCKNNG  XQP # #DTCOUQP CWH FGP (TKGFGP XQP 6KNUKV \YKUEJGP 4W­NCPF 2TGW­GP WPF   (TCPMTGKEJ$ÒUVGP#NGZCPFGTU+XQP4W­NCPFWPF(TKGFTKEJ9KNJGNOU+++XQP2TGW­GPPGDGPGKPCPFGT T KJPGP IGIGPÒDGT FKG $ÒUVG FGU HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP -CKUGTU 0CRQN¾QP + N5QPPGPCWHICPI ÒDGT FGO   /GGTOOI&KCMQX*QHHOCPP 8QT\ÒINKEJ



5KNDGTOGFCKNNGXQP##DTCOUQPCWHFKG<WUCOOGPMWPHVXQP#NGZCPFGT+WPF0CRQN¾QPCPN·­ NKEJFGU(TKGFGPUXQP6KNUKV\YKUEJGP4W­NCPF2TGW­GPWPF(TCPMTGKEJ$ÒUVGP#NGZCPFGTU+WPF0C RQN¾QPU + GKPCPFGT IGIGPÒDGT<YGK UGEJUUVTCJNKIG 5VGTPG  OO  I &KCMQX  *QHH   OCPP2CZKP0WOOKU 449KP\4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



6796



62

5KNDGTOGFCKNNGXQP%.GDGTGEJVCWHFKG,CJTHGKGTFGT<WIGJÌTKIMGKV4KICU\W4W­NCPF&KG DGNQTDGGTVGP$ÒUVGP2GVGTU+FGU)TQ­GPWPF#NGZCPFGTU+GKPCPFGTIGIGPÒDGTÒDGTFGO*CWRV2GVGTU DGHKPFGV UKEJ GKP MNGKPGT UVTCJNGPFGT 5VGTP ÒDGT -TQPG)GMTÌPVGT &QRRGNCFNGT OKV .QTDGGT D\Y   2CNO\YGKI KP FGP 5EJP·DGNP ÒDGT FGT 5VCFVCPUKEJV XQP 4KIC OKV FGO (NW­ &ÒPC FCTCWH \CJNTGKEJG   5EJKHHGKO8QTFGTITWPFFCU5VCFVYCRRGPXQP4KICOOI&KCMQX 4   44*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP




ALEXANDER I.

6797

6798







6799

$TQP\GOGFCKNNGXQP,2&TQ\CWHFKG5EJNCEJVCPFGT/QUMYCDGK$QTQFKPQ$ÒUVG0CRQN¾QPU+T OKV .QTDGGTMTCP\*GTMWNGU M·ORHV OKV FGP )KICPVGP QDGP UEJYGDGPFGT #FNGT  OO  I   5NI,WNKWU<GKV\p /KV6KPVGPUEJTKHVCWHFGO4CPFXQT\ÒINKEJ



$TQP\GOGFCKNNGXQP,2&TQ\WPF0)$TGPGVCWHFKG5EJNCEJVDGK.ÒV\GP7PKHQTOKGTVGU$TWUV DKNF0CRQN¾QPU+TFCTÒDGT.QTDGGTMTCP\-QUCMGWPFRTGW­KUEJGT5QNFCVTGKVGPPGDGPGKPCPFGTTKO *KPVGTITWPF6TWRRGPOOI&KCMQXp5NI,WNKWU<GKV\ 8QT\ÒINKEJ



5KNDGTOGFCKNNG XQP&(QFGT(9.QQUCWHFCU$ÒPFPKU\YKUEJGP2TGW­GPWPF4W­NCPFKO -CORH IGIGP (TCPMTGKEJ &KG WPKHQTOKGTVGP $TWUVDKNFGT XQP #NGZCPFGT + WPF (TKGFTKEJ 9KNJGNO +++   XQP 2TGW­GP GKPCPFGT IGIGPÒDGT&GPMUVGKP OKV FGP 9CRRGPUEJKNFGP XQP 4W­NCPF WPF 2TGW­GP FKG   XQP GKPGT 'KEJGPIKTNCPFG WOTCPMV YGTFGP \W FGP 5GKVGP 9CHHGP  OO  I &KCMQX   

4 5QOOGT# 44(GKPG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



0CEJ 0CRQN¾QPU IGUEJGKVGTVGO (GNF\WI IGIGP 4W­NCPF WPF FGT XQP )GPGTCN ;QTEM GKIGPO·EJVKI TCVKHK\KGTVGP   -QPXGPVKQP XQP 6CWTQIIGP UEJNQUUGP #NGZCPFGT + WPF (TKGFTKEJ 9KNJGNO +++ KP -CNKUEJ GKP $ÒPFPKU IGIGP   0CRQNGQP FGO FGT DGTÒJOVG #WHTWH FGU RTGW­KUEJGP -ÌPKIU #P OGKP 8QNM HQNIVG &KG $GHTGKWPIUMTKGIG   DGICPPGP

6800



$TQP\GOGFCKNNG  XQP 6 9[QP CWH FGP (TKGFGP XQP 2CTKU /CTU OKV *GNO 5EJYGTV WPF 5EJKNF   UEJTGKVGVTXQTKJOUVGJV2CZWPFJ·NVKJOGKPGP¤N\YGKIGPVIGIGP5KGDGP<GKNGP5EJTKHVWOJGTFKG 9CRRGPUEJKNFG XQP )TQ­DTKVCPPKGP 2TGW­GP 5EJYGFGP (TCPMTGKEJ ¤UVGTTGKEJ WPF 4W­NCPF FC\YK   UEJGP2CNOWPF.QTDGGT\YGKIGOOI&KCMQX'KOGT2CZKP0WOOKU 5NI,WNKWU 448QT\ÒINKEJ

 63


ALEXANDER I.

6801



$TQP\GOGFCKNNG  XQP 6 9GDD CWH UGKPG #PYGUGPJGKV KP )TQ­DTKVCPPKGP $ÒUVG T OKV .QTDGGT   MTCP\(ÒPH<GKNGP5EJTKHVKP-TCP\OOI&KCMQX 4  448QT\ÒINKEJ

6802







64

6803



6804

8GTUKNDGTVG$TQP\GOGFCKNNGXQP##%CSW¾2TGKUOGFCKNNGFGU.C\CTGXUM[+PUVKVWVUHÒTXQTFGT CUKCVKUEJG5RTCEJGPXGTNKGJGPCP5VWFGPVGP&KGWPKHQTOKGTVGP$TWUVDKNFGTFGT)TÒPFGT)TCH+XCPWPF )TCH ,QCMKO .C\CTGXKEJU .C\CTGXU PGDGPGKPCPFGT N5VTC­GPCPUKEJV KP /QUMCW OKVFGO+PUVKVWVNWPF FGT CTOGPKUEJGP -KTEJG T /KV 4CPFITCXWT %7+84'  OO  I &KCMQX  4    8QT\ÒINKEJ



5KNDGTOGFCKNNGQ,  XQP*($TCPFVCWHUGKPGP6QFKO,CJTGIGHGTVKIVKO#WHVTCIFGU -ÌPKIU(TKGFTKEJ9KNJGNO+++XQP2TGW­GP$ÒUVGN5GEJU<GKNGP5EJTKHVFCTWPVGT,CJTGU\CJNWOJGT .QTDGGTMTCP\OOI&KCMQX 4 .GJPGTV  442TCEJVXQNNG2CVKPCMN4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ



$TQP\GPG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG Q , XQP 0 2TQMQHKGX FGT MCKUGTNKEJGP .CPFYKTVUEJCHVUIGUGNNUEJCHV KP   /QUMCW $ÒUVG N OKV .QTDGGTMTCP\ WOJGT .QTDGGT WPF 'KEJGP\YGKI5GEJU <GKNGP 5EJTKHV WOJGT   JTGP\YGKIGOOI&KCMQX 4  4(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ




NIKOLAUS I.

6806

6805

6805





5KNDGTOGFCKNNGQ,XQP)5VWEMJCTV2T·OKGFGT-WPUVCMCFGOKG9CTUEJCW$ÒUVGTOKV.QTDGGTMTCP\ &TGKYGKDNKEJG)GUVCNVGPOKV#VVTKDWVGPFGT-WPUVOOI&KCMQX 4   49KP\-TCV\GTXQT\ÒINKEJ



8GTUKNDGTVGT/GUUKPILGVQPQ,OKV5KIPCVWT.CWHFGPTWUUKUEJGP)GPGTCN$CTENC[FG6QNN[7PKHQT OKGTVGU$TWUVDKNFN&GTWPKHQTOKGTVG)GPGTCNTGKVGVTOKV5EJYGTVKPFGTGTJQDGPGP4GEJVGPOO I&KCMQXp 5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTLWUVKGTVHCUV5VGORGNINCP\



6807

1,5:1

1,5:1

<#40+-1.#75+ )QNFOÒP\GPFGU<CTGP0KMQNCWU+ 

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  )1.&5GJTUGNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\

6808

6809

6810



6811



 4WDGN  5V 2GVGTUDWTI +P 752NCUVKMJQNFGT FGT #0# OKV FGT $GYGTVWPI :(  $KVMKP    (D5EJN )1.&5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ 



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN

 )1.&9KP\4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN

)1.&5GJTUEJÌP





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  )1.&5GJTUEJÌPUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

 65


NIKOLAUS I.

6812

6814

6813

6815



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  )1.&5GJTUGNVGPGT,CJTICPI(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN



 4WDGN  5V 2GVGTUDWTI +P 752NCUVKMJQNFGT FGT 0)% OKV FGT $GYGTVWPI /5  $KVMKP    (D5EJN )1.&8QT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN



6817

6816

)1.&5GJTUEJÌP

)1.&8QT\ÒINKEJ

6818

 

6819



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  )1.&-N2T·IGUEJY·EJGHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  )1.&9KP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTCO4CPFUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN

)1.&5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 (D5EJN  )1.&8QT\ÒINKEJUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



6822 6820

6821



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 (D5EJN  )1.&45GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN

)1.&8QT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  )1.&#VVTCMVKXGUXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT



66


NIKOLAUS I.

6824 6823

6825



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  )1.&'VYCUIGTGKPKIVUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN

)1.&8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  )1.&/KPIGYGNNVUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



6826 (Pt)

6827 (Pt)

6828 (Pt)

6829 (Pt)

6830 (Pt)

2NCVKPOÒP\GPFGU<CTGP0KMQNCWU+ 

4WDGN2NCVKP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 (D5EJN

 2.#6+05GJTUEJÌP





4WDGN2NCVKP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 (D5EJN  2.#6+0-N4CPFHGJNGTHCUVUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN2NCVKP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 (D5EJN  2.#6+05GNVGPGT,CJTICPI4CPFHGJNGTHCUVUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN2NCVKP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 (D5EJN  2.#6+0#VVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT





4WDGN2NCVKP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 (D5EJN

6831

 2.#6+05GJTUEJÌP



6832

5KNDGTOÒP\GPFGT/ÒP\UV·VVG5V2GVGTUDWTI 

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX  (GKPG2CVKPCYKP\4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

 9KP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTCO4CPFXQT\ÒINKEJ

  67


NIKOLAUS I.

6833

6834



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



6835

1,5:1



1,5:1

4WDGN 2QNVKPC 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP  5GJTUGNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI2TCEJVGZGORNCT(CUV5VGORGNINCP\



6836

1,5:1



1,5:1

 4WDGN 2QNVKPC   5V 2GVGTUDWTI  I &GT 9CRRGPUEJKNF CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG DGTÒJTV FKG   -TQPGPKEJV$KVMKP FQTVHCNUEJDGUEJTKGDGP   5GJTUGNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI2TCEJVGZGORNCT(CUV5VGORGNINCP\ 

6837

6838

6839



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTI+P752NCUVKMJQNFGTFGT0)%OKVFGT$GYGTVWPI/5$KVMKP 8QT\ÒINKEJ





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTI+P752NCUVKMJQNFGTFGT0)%OKVFGT$GYGTVWPI/5$KVMKP (GKPG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTI+P752NCUVKMJQNFGTFGT0)%OKVFGT$GYGTVWPI#7$KVMKP 9KP\-TCV\GTXQT\ÒINKEJ



68


NIKOLAUS I.

6840

6841



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

8QT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX  #VVTCMVKXGU'ZGORNCTOKVHGKPGT2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



6842

 

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX 4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

6843

*GTTNKEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\ 8QT\ÒINKEJ

6844

 

6845



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

 *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCMN4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

(GKPG6ÌPWPIXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



6846

 

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX 4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 &CX

6848

6847

8QT\ÒINKEJ 45GJTUEJÌP

 

6849



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX



4WDGN  5V 2GVGTUDWTI +P 752NCUVKMJQNFGT FGT #0#%5 OKV FGT $GYGTVWPI #7  $KVMKP    &CX 8QT\ÒINKEJ

8QT\ÒINKEJ

  69


NIKOLAUS I.

6850

 

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX 4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

6852

6851

8QT\ÒINKEJ -N4CPFHGJNGTHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ

 

6853



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTI+P752NCUVKMJQNFGTFGT0)%OKVFGT$GYGTVWPI/5$KVMKP&CX 8QT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX



6854

 

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX 4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

6856

(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ

6855

8QT\ÒINKEJCWURQNKGTVGT2NCVVG 9KP\4CPFHGJNGTHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ

6857



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX  9KP\4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCTXQPRQNKGTVGP5VGORGNP



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

6858

  70

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX 4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

 

(GKPG6ÌPWPIRQNKGTVG2NCVVG 2TQQH

 

6859

9KP\4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ (GKPG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\

 


NIKOLAUS I.

6861

6860



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX  9KP\-QPVCMVUVGNNGPHGKPG6ÌPWPIRQNKGTVG2NCVVG 2TQQH



4WDGN 2QNVKPC 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 

6862

6863

445GJTUEJÌP

6864

 

6865



4WDGN 2QNVKPC 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN 2QNVKPC 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





 4WDGN 2QNVKPC   5V 2GVGTUDWTI  I $KVMKP  FQTV HCNUEJGU /ÒP\\GKEJGP CPIGIGDGP    *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ





 4WDGN 2QNVKPC   5V 2GVGTUDWTI  I $KVMKP  FQTV HCNUEJGU /ÒP\\GKEJGP CPIGIGDGP    8QT\ÒINKEJ



6866

6867

6868

6869



4WDGN 2QNVKPC 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP  #VVTCMVKXGU'ZGORNCTOKVHGKPGT2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN 2QNVKPC 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP  #VVTCMVKXGU'ZGORNCTOKV2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN 2QNVKPC 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

/KP4CPFHGJNGTHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ

 71


NIKOLAUS I.

6870

6871

6872

6873



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

*GTTNKEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4   8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV9KP\-TCV\GTUGJTUEJÌP



 

-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP -QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

 

6874

8QT\ÒINKEJ 8QT\ÒINKEJ

6875

6876



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

9KP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP  2TCEJVGZGORNCTOKVJGTTNKEJGT2CVKPC(CUV5VGORGNINCP\





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP  5GNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\CWURQNKGTVGT2NCVVG



6877

6878

6881

6879

  

-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP -QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP -QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTI$GKFGI$KVMKP

 

-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP -QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

6883

  72

5KNDGTOÒP\GPFGT/ÒP\UV·VVG9CTUEJCW

4WDGN9CTUEJCWI$KVMKP&CX 4WDGN9CTUEJCWI$KVMKP&CX

6882

8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\ 8QT\ÒINKEJ 8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\

  

 5VÒEM8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



*GTTNKEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\ *GTTNKEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\

 

6884

8QT\ÒINKEJ 9KP\4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ

 


NIKOLAUS I.

6886 6885

6885



4WDGN9CTUEJCWI$KVMKP&CX

5GJTUEJÌP





4WDGN 2QNVKPC 9CTUEJCWI$KVMKP

5GJTUEJÌP



6888

6887

6889

-WRHGTOÒP\GPFGU<CTGP0KMQNCWU+ 

-W-QRGMGP'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP

5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





-W-QRGMGP'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP

9KP\4CPFHGJNGTHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





-W-QRGMGP'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP

9KP\4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP



6890

6891

6892



-W-QRGMG'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP

 9KP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





-W-QRGMG'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP

(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





-W-QRGMG'MCVGTKPDWTI0QXQFGNI$KVMKP* 4   449KP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTHCUV5VGORGNINCP\

 73


NIKOLAUS I.

6894

6893

6895



-W-QRGMGP'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP

(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





-W-QRGMGP'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP

(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





-W-QRGMGP'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP

8QT\ÒINKEJ



6896

6897



-W2QNWUEJMC'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP



-W-QRGMG+\JQTCI$KVMKP



-W-QRGMG9CTUEJCWI$KVMKP



-W&GPG\JMC9CTUEJCWI$KVMKP 4 

6898

6899

8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



2TCEJVGZGORNCT(CUV5VGORGNINCP\



45GJTUEJÌP





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTI&GPMOCNHÒT#NGZCPFGT+I$KVMKP 4 &CX  (GKPG2CVKPCMN5VGORGNHGJNGTCO4CPFXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTICWHFKG'KPYGKJWPIFGU$QTQFKPQ&GPMOCNUI$KVMKP 4 &CX 4.GKEJVIGTGKPKIVUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



6900

6901

<YGK)GFGPMOÒP\GPFGU<CTGP0KMQNCWU+

74


NIKOLAUS I.

6902

'KPG-WRHGTRTQDGFGT/ÒP\UV·VVG5V2GVGTUDWTI 

-W-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTI2TQDGKPXGTUKNDGTVGO-WRHGTI$KVMKP  448GTUKNDGTVUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



6903

2:1

2:1

2T·IWPIGPHÒT2QNGP 

 <NQV[EJ  9CTUEJCW HÒT2QNGPI$KVMKP 4 (D FQTVWPVGT2QNGP 5EJN

FQTVWPVGT2QNGP  )1.&8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV8QT\ÒINKEJ 

6904

 

6905

<NQV[9CTUEJCWHÒT2QNGPI$KVMKP <NQV[9CTUEJCWHÒT2QNGPI$KVMKP

5GJTUEJÌP 8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\

 

6906 6907

6908



-W)TQU\[9CTUEJCWHÒT2QNGPI$KVMKP

8QT\ÒINKEJ





-W)TQU\9CTUEJCWHÒT2QNGP0QXQFGNOKVINCVVGO4CPFI$KVMKP 4   W­GTUVUGNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI(CUV5VGORGNINCP\





-W)TQU\9CTUEJCWHÒT2QNGPI$KVMKP  (GKPG2CVKPCOKP5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\

 75


NIKOLAUS I.

6909

6910



4WDGN <NQV[EJ 5V2GVGTUDWTIHÒT2QNGPI$KVMKP&CX  (CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



4WDGN <NQV[EJ 5V2GVGTUDWTIHÒT2QNGPI$KVMKP&CX

6911

6912

6914

 5GJTUEJÌP

 

6913

6914



4WDGN <NQV[EJ 5V2GVGTUDWTIHÒT2QNGPI$KVMKP&CX  (GKPG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN <NQV[EJ 5V2GVGTUDWTIHÒT2QNGPI$KVMKP&CX  *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN <NQV[EJ 5V2GVGTUDWTIHÒT2QNGPI$KVMKP 4 &CX  44-N5VGORGNHGJNGTCO4CPFYKP\4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





-QRGMGP <NQV[ 5V2GVGTUDWTIHÒT2QNGPI$KVMKP



5GJTUEJÌP

6915

2:1

 76

2:1

4WDGN <NQV[EJ 9CTUEJCWHÒT2QNGPI$KVMKP 4 (D FQTVWPVGT2QNGP  5EJN FQTVWPVGT2QNGP  )1.&0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV8QT\ÒINKEJ




NIKOLAUS I.

6917

6916



4WDGN <NQV[EJ 9CTUEJCWHÒT2QNGPI$KVMKP 4 &CX  4(GKPG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN <NQV[EJ 9CTUEJCWHÒT2QNGPI$KVMKP&CX



6919

6918

6920

5GJTUEJÌP

6922

6921



-W)TQU\[9CTUEJCWHÒT2QNGP0QXQFGNI$KVMKP* 4   8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV(CUV5VGORGNINCP\





-W)TQU\[9CTUEJCWHÒT2QNGP0QXQFGNI$KVMKP* 4   8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



  

-W)TQU\[9CTUEJCWHÒT2QNGPI$KVMKP 8QT\ÒINKEJ -W)TQU\9CTUEJCWHÒT2QNGPI$KVMKP 2TCEJVGZGORNCT(CUV5VGORGNINCP\ -W)TQU\9CTUEJCWHÒT2QNGPI$KVMKPXCT 4  (CUV5VGORGNINCP\

  

6923

6924



-QRGMGP )TQU\[ 9CTUEJCWHÒT2QNGPI$KVMKP 4 

5GJTUEJÌP





-QRGMGP )TQU\[ 9CTUEJCWHÒT2QNGPI$KVMKP FQTVHCNUEJDGUEJTKGDGP   5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



6925 1,5:1

1,5:1

'KP/GUUKPI2CUUKGTIGYKEJV 

2QNPKUEJGU2CUUKGTIGYKEJVQ,  HÒTGKPGP+ORGTKCN/GUUKPII)GMTÌPVGT&QRRGNCFNGT OKV<GRVGTWPF4GKEJUCRHGNKPFGP(·PIGPCWHFGT$TWUV5V)GQTIUUEJKNFCWHIGMTÌPVGO9CRRGPOCPVGN QDGP -TQPG9GTV KP HÒPH <GKNGP $KVMKP  4  6GYGU  KP . 6GYGU &KG UVCCVNKEJGP )QNF   OÒP\IGYKEJVG/C­WPF)GYKEJV<GKVUEJTKHVHÒT/GVTQNQIKG0T5GRVGODGT 445GJTUEJÌP  77


NIKOLAUS I.

6926 6927

6927

'KPG$TQUEJGOKVFGO$KNFPKUFGU<CTGP0KMQNCWU+ 

,CURKU-COGG$TQUEJGOKVFGT$ÒUVGFGU<CTGPTGKPIGHC­VKPGKPGOIQNFGPGP4KPIOOZOO +P*QN\UEJCVWNNG8QT\ÒINKEJ



/GFCKNNGPFGU<CTGP0KMQNCWU+ 

$TQP\GOGFCKNNGQ, IGUVKHVGV WPUKIPKGTV2T·OKGHÒTFKG2QEMGPKORHWPIXGTNKGJGPCP+ORH·T\VG )GMTÌPVGU $TWUVDKNF FGT <CTKP -CVJCTKPC ++ T OKV WOIGNGIVGO /CPVGN*[IKGKC UVGJV X X WPF J·NV   DGUEJÒV\GPFKJTG#TOGÒDGTUKGDGP-KPFGTFKGWOUKGXGTUCOOGNVUKPFOOI&KCMQX  4 5NI$TGVVCWGT -N5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTCO4CPFXQT\ÒINKEJ



&KCMQX HÒJTV FKGUG 2T·OKGPOGFCKNNG CWEJ \WU·V\NKEJ WPVGT FGT 4GIGPVUEJCHV -CVJCTKPCU ++ FKG FKG 2QEMGPUEJWV\   KORHWPIKP4W­NCPFGKPIGHÒJTVJCVVGCWH UKGJG0THH XGTNKGJGPYWTFGPUKGLGFQEJGTUVWPVGT0KMQNCWU+

6929

6928

6930



5KNDGTLGVQP  WPUKIPKGTV CWH UGKPG -TÌPWPI KP /QUMCW )GMTÌPVGU /QPQITCOO<YGK <GKNGP   5EJTKHVQDGP-TQPGWPVGP,CJTGU\CJNOOI&KCMQX 5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





$TQP\GOGFCKNNGXQP*)WDG9GTMUVCVV.QQU$GTNKPCWHFKG-TKGIUGTMN·TWPICPFKG6ÒTMGKCO  #RTKN $ÒUVG T&KG RGTUQPKHK\KGTVG 4GNKIKQP ÒDGTTGKEJV FGO <CTGP GKP 5EJYGTV WPF GKP -TGW\   \YKUEJGPKJPGPCWHFGO$QFGPGKP*GNOOOI&KCMQX  (GKPG2CVKPCHCUV5VGORGNINCP\



$TQP\GOGFCKNNG  WPUKIPKGTV 9GTMUVCVV ) .QQU CWH FKG 'KPPCJOG FGT VÒTMKUEJGP 5VCFV 'T\WTWO   WPF FKG ªDGTUEJTGKVWPIFGU$CNMCPU$ÒUVGTOKV.QTDGGTMTCP\5GEJU<GKNGP5EJTKHVWOJGT.QTDGGT MTCP\OOI&KCMQX (GKPG2CVKPCHCUV5VGORGNINCP\





78


NIKOLAUS I.

6931



5KNDGTOGFCKNNG  WPUKIPKGTV CWH FKG )TWPFUVGKPNGIWPI FGU &GPMOCNU HÒT #NGZCPFGT + &CTUVGNNWPI   FGT#NGZCPFGTU·WNG8KGT<GKNGP5EJTKHVQDGP5VGTPOOI&KCMQX 4   8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ 

6932



$TQP\GOGFCKNNG  XQP * )WDG CWH FKG 'KPYGKJWPI FGT 5OQNP[-CVJGFTCNG KP 5V 2GVGTUDWTI   %JTKUVWU UKV\V X X OKV FTGK -KPFGTP#PUKEJV FGT -CVJGFTCNG  OO  I &KCMQX   

4  4-N-TCV\GTXQT\ÒINKEJ



6933



$TQP\GOGFCKNNGXQP#.[CNKPCWHFCUL·JTKIG&KGPUVLWDKN·WOFGU5V2GVGTUDWTIGT/GFK\KPGTU WPF2J[UKMGTU,QJCPP)GQTIXQP4ÒJN7PKHQTOKGTVGU$TWUVDKNFXQP4ÒJNUN<GKNGP5EJTKHVWOJGT .QTDGGTMTCP\OOI&KCMQX 4 5NI$TGVVCWGT FQTVKP5KNDGT   44-TCV\GTUGJTUEJÌP

 79


NIKOLAUS I.

6934



$TQP\GOGFCKNNGXQP*)WDGCWHFKG'TÌHHPWPIFGU1DUGTXCVQTKWOUKP2WNMQYQDGK5V2GVGTU DWTI $ÒUVG T#PUKEJV FGU 1DUGTXCVQTKWOU WOJGT 6KGTMTGKU\GKEJGP FC\YKUEJGP 5VGTPG  OO   I&KCMQX /KPDGTKGDGPXQT\ÒINKEJ

6935



6937



6936

5KNDGTOGFCKNNGXQP,25EJQWDGTICWHFGP$GUWEJFGU)TQ­HÒTUVGPWPFUR·VGTGP<CTGP#NGZCP FGT ++ KO *CWU FGU <CTGP 2GVGT + KP 5CCTFCO #PUKEJV FGU *CWUGU 2GVGTU + KP 5CCTFCO)GMTÌPVGT   .ÌYG OKV 5EJYGTV WPF 5EJKNF ÒDGT UKGDGP <GKNGP 5EJTKHV WOJGT -TCP\  OO  I &KCMQX    4  44#VVTCMVKXGU'ZGORNCTOKVHGKPGT2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ





5KNDGTOGFCKNNG\WGKPGO4WDGNXQP*)WDGCWHFKG8GTO·JNWPIUGKPGU5QJPGU)TQ­HÒTUV#NG ZCPFGT0KMQNCLGYKVUEJUR·VGT<CT#NGZCPFGT++OKV/CTKCXQP*GUUGP&CTOUVCFV6QEJVGT.WFYKIU++ $GKFGT $ÒUVGP PGDGPGKPCPFGT N#OQT WPF 2U[EJG NGJPGP CP GKPGT IGMTÌPVGP -CTVWUEJG FCTKP /QPQ   ITCOO#/OOI$KVMKP/ 4 &CXXIN#&KCMQX 4 5EJÒV\ 44#VVTCMVKXGUXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT 



5KNDGTOGFCKNNGXQP27VMKPCWHFGP6QFFGUTWUUKUEJGP)GUCPFVGP)TCH4QDGTV*GKPTKEJ4GJ DKPFGT $ÒUVG FGU 5VCCVUOCPPGU N8KGT<GKNGP5EJTKHVFCTÒDGT5VGTPWOJGT'KEJGPMTCP\OO I&KCMQX 4  444CPFHGJNGT-TCV\GTUGJTUEJÌP

80




NIKOLAUS I.

6938



5KNDGTOGFCKNNG  XQP ( 6QNUVQK WPF # .[CNKP CWH FKG $GVGKNKIWPI FGT TWUUKUEJGP #TOGG CP FGT   0KGFGTUEJNCIWPI FGT #WHUV·PFG KP 7PICTP WPF 5KGDGPDÒTIGP &GT IGMTÌPVG TWUUKUEJG &QRRGNCFNGT OKV   5EJKNF DGM·ORHV FKG FTGKMÌRHKIG *[FTC QDGP UVTCJNGPFGU)QVVGUCWIG5GEJU<GKNGP5EJTKHVOO I&KCMQX 4FQTVCPFGTG)TÌ­G  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ 

6939



$TQP\GOGFCKNNGXQP#-NGRKMQYWPF#.[CNKPCWHFGP$CWFGT$NCIQYGUEJGPUMDTÒEMGÒDGTFKG 0GYC #PUKEJV FGT $TÒEMG FCTÒDGT IGMTÌPVGT &QRRGNCFNGT OKV $NKV\ WPF -TCP\ KP FGP (·PIGP*GT   MWNGUOKVWOIGNGIVGO.ÌYGPHGNNWPF/KPGTXCUEJTGKVGPTCO$QFGPNKGIVGKPG-GWNGKO*KPVGTITWPF NCIGTVFKG(NW­IÌVVKP0GYCPCEJNOKV4WFGTFGPNKPMGP#TOCWHGKPG3WGNNWTPGIGNGJPVOO I&KCMQX 8QT\ÒINKEJ



6940



5KNDGTOGFCKNNG Q , WO  ITCXKGTV   XQP 2 $TWUPKVU[P 2T·OKG FGU (TCWGPI[OPCUKWOU XQP   -KGX-QRHT#EJV9GKPUVÌEMGWPVGTUVTCJNGPFGT5QPPGWPF5EJTKHVDCPFOOI&KCMQX  4  44(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ

 81


NIKOLAUS I.

6941



$TQP\GOGFCKNNGXQP%JT2HGWHHGTCWHFCUL·JTKIG,WDKN·WOFGUTWUUKUEJGP)GJGKOTCVU5GTIG[ 5VGRCPQXKEJ .CPUMQ[  Ó $ÒUVG FGU )GJGKOTCVU N OKV WOIGNGIVGO /CPVGN&CU (COKNKGP   YCRRGPFGT.CPUMQ[UOOI&KCMQX 4 5QOOGT2 48QT\ÒINKEJ



6942



5KNDGTOGFCKNNG  WPUKIPKGTV CWH FGP 6QF UGKPGU5EJYKGIGTUQJPUFGUTWUUKUEJGP)GPGTCNU/CZKOK NKCPFG$GCWJCTPCKU*GT\QIXQP.GWEJVGPDGTI7PKHQTOKGTVGU$TWUVDKNFFGU*GT\QIUHCUVXX5GEJU RC­ FCTKP IGMTÌPVGT &QRRGNCFNGT OKV <GRVGT WPF 4GKEJUCRHGN KP FGP (·PIGP CWH FGT $TWUV IGMTÌPVGU   XKGTHGNFKIGU 9CRRGP OKV /KVVGNUEJKNF WOJGT FKG -GVVG FGU #PFTGCUQTFGPU QDGP -TQPG  OO   I&KCMQX 4  44(GKPG6ÌPWPIMN-TCV\GTCWHFGT8QTFGTUGKVGXQT\ÒINKEJ



6943



$TQP\GOGFCKNNGXQP#(CEKWUCWHFCUL·JTKIG9KTMGPUGKPGT5EJYGUVGT)TQ­JGT\QIKP/CTKC 2CYNQYPCKP5CEJUGP$ÒUVG/CTKC2CYNQYPCUTOKV&KCFGO5GEJU<GKNGP5EJTKHVWOJGT-TCP\CWU 4QUGP .QTDGGT\YGKIGP JTGP WPF 'KEJGPNCWD QDGP 5VGTP  OO  I &KCMQX  4    (TGFG5NI/GTUGD -N)TÒPURCPHNGEMGPXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\ /CTKC2CYNQYPCYWTFGCO(GDTWCTCNU6QEJVGTXQP2CWN+WPFUGKPGT)GOCJNKP5QRJKG&QTQVJGC#WIWUVG .WKUG XQP 9ÒTVVGODGTI IGDQTGP 5KG JGKTCVGVG CO  #WIWUV  FGP )TQ­JGT\QI -CTN (TKGFTKEJ XQP 5CEJUGP   9GKOCT'KUGPCEJWPFXGTUVCTDKPFGT0CEJVXQO\WO,WNK

82




ALEXANDER II.

6944

6945

6947

6946

<#4#.':#0&'4++ 

)QNFOÒP\GPFGU<CTGP#NGZCPFGT++

)1.&8QT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  )1.&5GNVGPGT,CJTICPI(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  )1.&5GNVGPGT,CJTICPIKPCW­GTIGYÌJPNKEJGT3WCNKV·V8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN



6948

6949

)1.&8QT\ÒINKEJ

6951

6950



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTI+P752NCUVKMJQNFGTFGT0)%OKVFGT$GYGTVWPI/5$KVMKP(D 5EJN )1.&5GNVGPGT,CJTICPI8QT\ÒINKEJ 

)1.&8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  )1.&9KP\4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN



)1.&8QT\ÒINKEJ



6953 6952

6954



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN

)1.&8QT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  )1.&9KP\4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  )1.&9KP\4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ

 83


ALEXANDER II.

6955

6956

6957

6958



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  )1.&#VVTCMVKXGUXQT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJGU'ZGORNCT



  

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN 4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN 4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN

  

)1.&8QT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJp5VGORGNINCP\ )1.&8QT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ )1.&8QT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ

6959 6960

6961

 

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN 4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN

)1.&8QT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ )1.&48QT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ

 



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 (D5EJN  )1.&8QT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ5VGORGNINCP\



6962

 

6963

5KNDGTOÃ&#x2019;P\GPFGU<CTGP#NGZCPFGT++

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX FQTVWPVGT0KMQNCWU+  4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX FQTVWPVGT0KMQNCWU+ 

6964

8QT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ 8QT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ

 

6966



4WDGN 2QNVKPC 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

(GKPG2CVKPCXQT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ





4WDGN 2QNVKPC 5V2GVGTUDWTI$GKFGI$KVMKP Z   5VÃ&#x2019;EM-N-TCV\GT Z HCUVXQT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJWPFXQT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

84

8QT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJp5VGORGNINCP\




ALEXANDER II.

6967

6969

6970

6971



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ





-QRGMGPDGKFG/ÒP\UV·VVG5V2GVGTUDWTIIWPFI$KVMKP 4   5VÒEM8QT\ÒINKEJ





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

2TCEJVXQNNG2CVKPC5VGORGNINCP\



6972

6973



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTI+P752NCUVKMJQNFGTFGT2%)5OKVFGT$GYGTVWPI/5$KVMKP&CX (CUV5VGORGNINCP\



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

6974

9KP\4CPFHGJNGTHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ

 

6975



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

9KP\4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

8QT\ÒINKEJ



6976

6977



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

9KP\4CPFHGJNGTHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

(GKPG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

 85


ALEXANDER II.

6979

6978



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX  #VVTCMVKXGU'ZGORNCTOKVJÃ&#x2019;DUEJGT2CVKPCXQT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX



8QT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ

6981

6980

6980



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

*GTTNKEJG2CVKPCXQT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ





4WDGN 2QNVKPC 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP  2TCEJVGZGORNCT*GTTNKEJG2CVKPCHCUV5VGORGNINCP\



6982

6983

6984

6985

 

4WDGN 2QNVKPC 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4WDGN 2QNVKPC 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

8QT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ 8QT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ

 



4WDGN 2QNVKPC 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4   4(GKPG2CVKPCOKPDGTKGDGPYKP\4CPFHGJNGTXQT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ





4WDGN 2QNVKPC 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP  2TCEJVGZGORNCT-N2TQDKGTURWTCO4CPFXQT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



6986

6987



4WDGN 2QNVKPC 5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

8QT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4   4#VVTCMVKXGU'ZGORNCTOKVJGTTNKEJGT2CVKPCXQT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



86


ALEXANDER II.

6989

6988

6990

6992

6991



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 

49KP\4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 

4(GKPG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

8QT\ÒINKEJ





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 

45GJTUEJÌP





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4   45GJTCVVTCMVKXGU'ZGORNCTOKVJGTTNKEJGT2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ



6993

6994

6995



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 

48QT\ÒINKEJ





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 

48QT\ÒINKEJ





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP  5GJTUGNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI-CDKPGVVUVÒEMOKVRTCEJVXQNNGT2CVKPC5VGORGNINCP\



6996

6998

6997



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

7000 6999

8QT\ÒINKEJ



8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



2TCEJVGZGORNCT5VGORGNINCP\



7001 7002



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP  5GNVGPDGUQPFGTUKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI2TCEJVGZGORNCT5VGORGNINCP\





 -QRGMGP  5V 2GVGTUDWTI /KV /ÒP\OGKUVGTUKIPCVWT *  +  I $KVMKP  4 FQTV HCNUEJG   /ÒP\OGKUVGTUKIPCVWTCPIGIGDGP  5GJTUGNVGPDGUQPFGTUKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI2TCEJVGZGORNCT 9KP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTCO4CPFHCUV5VGORGNINCP\





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

2TCEJVGZGORNCT5VGORGNINCP\





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

2TCEJVGZGORNCT5VGORGNINCP\

 87


ALEXANDER II.

7004 7003

7003

-WRHGTOÒP\GPFGU<CTGP#NGZCPFGT++ 

-W-QRGMGP'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP

9KP\-TCV\GTXQT\ÒINKEJ





-W-QRGMGP'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP

(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



7007

7005

7006



-W2QNWUEJMC'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP

(GKPG2CVKPCHCUV5VGORGNINCP\





-W2QNWUEJMC'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP

*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ





-W2QNWUEJMC'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP

9KP\2T·IGUEJY·EJGXQT\ÒINKEJ



7008

7009



-W-QRGMGP'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP

8QT\ÒINKEJ





-W-QRGMGP'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP  5GNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI2TCEJVGZGORNCT5VGORGNINCP\



7011 7010

7010



-W-QRGMGP'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP  5GNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI2TCEJVGZGORNCT5VGORGNINCP\





-W-QRGMG'MCVGTKPDWTII$KVMKP  5GNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI2TCEJVGZGORNCTOKVJGTTNKEJGT2CVKPC(CUV5VGORGNINCP\



7012

7013



-W-QRGMGP9CTUEJCWI$KVMKP

5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





-W-QRGMGP9CTUEJCWI$KVMKP

5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



88


ALEXANDER II.

7014



-W-QRGMG9CTUEJCWI$KVMKP 4 



-W-QRGMG9CTUEJCWI$KVMKP

7016

7015

8QT\ÒINKEJ



#VVTCMVKXGUXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT



7017



-W&GPG\JMC9CTUEJCWI$KVMKP

8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





-W&GPG\JMC9CTUEJCWI$KVMKP  5GNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



7018

7019

)GFGPMOÒP\GPFGU<CTGP#NGZCPFGT++ 

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTI&GPMOCNHÒT0KMQNCWU+I$KVMKP&CX  /KPDGTKGDGPHCUV5VGORGNINCP\





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTI&GPMOCNHÒT0KMQNCWU+I$KVMKP&CX

8QT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTI&GPMOCNHÒT0KMQNCWU+I$KVMKP&CX  (GKPG2CVKPCYKP\4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTI&GPMOCNHÒT0KMQNCWU+I$KVMKP&CX  5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



7020

7022

7021

7023



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTI&GPMOCNHÒT0KMQNCWU+I$KVMKP&CX  5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTI&GPMOCNHÒT0KMQNCWU+I$KVMKP&CX  5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

 89


ALEXANDER II.

7025

7024



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTI&GPMOCNHÒT0KMQNCWU+I$KVMKP&CX  5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTI&GPMOCNHÒT0KMQNCWU+I$KVMKP&CX



5GJTUEJÌP

7026

1,5:1

1,5:1

&TGK2TQDGOÒP\GPFGU<CTGP#NGZCPFGT++ 

 -QRGMGP  '/ $TÒUUGN 0QXQFGN FGT 2TQDG KP -WRHGT0KEMGN<KPP  I -GJTRT·IWPI OKV   INCVVGO4CPF$KVMKP* 4   8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV#VVTCMVKXGU'ZGORNCTOKVHGKPGT2CVKPC5VGORGNINCP\ 

7027

1,5:1



1,5:1

-QRGMGP$TÒUUGN0QXQFGNFGT2TQDGKP-WRHGT0KEMGN<KPPI$KVMKP* 4   449KP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGT5VGORGNINCP\

7028 1,5:1

 90



1,5:1

-QRGMGP$TÒUUGN2TQDGKP-WRHGT0KEMGNI$KVMKP 4   8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV2TCEJVGZGORNCT9KP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTCO4CPF5VGORGNINCP\




ALEXANDER II.

7029

7030

7030

7031

7031

2T·IWPIGPHÒT(KPPNCPF 

/CTMMCC*GNUKPMKHÒT(KPPNCPFI$KVMKP 4 (D FQTVWPVGT(KPPNCPF 5EJN

FQTVWPVGT(KPPNCPF  )1.&48QT\ÒINKEJ





/CTMMC*GNUKPMKHÒT(KPPNCPFI$KVMKP 4 





-W2GPPK·*GNUKPMKHÒT(KPPNCPFI$KVMKP  5GNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI*GTTNKEJG2CVKPC YKP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTCO4CPFXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\

45GJTUEJÌP



7032 2:1

2:1



-W2GPPK*GNUKPMKHÒT(KPPNCPFI$KVMKP 4   8QPITÌ­VGT5GNVGPJGKV9KP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



7033

ex 7034

ex 7034

/GFCKNNGPFGU<CTGP#NGZCPFGT++ 



6TCIDCTGUKNDGTPG8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNGQ,XQP4)CPPGOCP(NGK­RT·OKGHÒT-CWHNGWVG#TDGKVGTWPF $CWGTP FKG FGT 4GIKGTWPI &KGPUVG GTDTCEJV JCVVGP $ÒUVG N5EJPWTMTGKU FCTKP NGGTGU (GNF WOJGT   5EJTKHVMTGKUOKVXKGT·W­GTGP.KPKGPMTGKUGPOOI&KCMQX 4   8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV5GJTUEJÌP



$TQP\GOGFCKNNG  XQP &GUCKFG4QSWGNC[ CWH FKG 'KPPCJOG FGT 5VCFV 5GYCUVQRQN Y·JTGPF FGU   -TKOMTKGIGU\YKUEJGP4W­NCPFWPFFGO1UOCPKUEJGP4GKEJ)TQ­DTKVCPPKGP5CTFKPKGPWPF(TCPMTGKEJ $ÒUVG 0CRQN¾QPU +++ XQP (TCPMTGKEJ N OKV .QTDGGTMTCP\)GMTÌPVGT 5EJKNF OKV UGEJU <GKNGP 5EJTKHV   WOJGT #TOCVWTGP /KV 4CPFRWP\G %7+84'  OO  I &C\W 'KP \YGKVGU 'ZGORNCT   OOI&KCMQXp2CIG&KXQ&KXQ 5VÒEM448QT\ÒINKEJ



#WH )TWPF KJTGT OKNKV·TKUEJGP $GFGWVWPI YCT FKG DNÒJGPFG *CPFGNUUVCFV 5GYCUVQRQN KO -TKOMTKGI UEJYGT   WOM·ORHV 0CEJ FGT GNHOQPCVKIGP $GNCIGTWPI XQP 5GYCUVQRQN YCT UKG CO  5GRVGODGT  PWT PQEJ GKP   6TÒOOGTJCWHGPWPFIGNCPIVGFCTCWHJKPPKGOGJT\WOHTÒJGTGP9QJNUVCPF 

91


ALEXANDER II.

7035



5KNDGTOGFCKNNGXQP#.[CNKPWPF/-WEJMKPCWHUGKPG-TÌPWPI$ÒUVGT)GMTÌPVGT&QRRGN CFNGT OKV <GRVGT WPF 4GKEJUCRHGN KP FGP (·PIGP CWH FGT $TWUV 5V )GQTIUUEJKNF WOJGT FKG -GVVG FGU   #PFTGCUQTFGPU CWH FGP (NÒIGNP LG XKGT YGKVGTG 9CRRGPUEJKNFG QDGP -TQPG  OO  I   &KCMQX 4  44*GTTNKEJG2CVKPCYKP\-TCV\GTYKP\4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ



7036



)QNFOGFCKNNGXQP8#NGZGGXWPF4)CPPGOCPCWHUGKPG-TÌPWPI$ÒUVGT)GMTÌPVGT&QRRGN CFNGT OKV <GRVGT WPF 4GKEJUCRHGN KP FGP (·PIGP CWH FGT $TWUV 5V )GQTIUUEJKNF WOJGT FKG -GVVG FGU   #PFTGCUQTFGPU CWH FGP (NÒIGNP LG XKGT YGKVGTG 9CRRGPUEJKNFG QDGP -TQPG  OO  I   &KCMQX 4  )1.&8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV-N4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ 

7038

7037

7037



5KNDGTLGVQP  WPUKIPKGTV CWH UGKPG -TÌPWPI KP /QUMCW )GMTÌPVGU /QPQITCOO<YGK <GKNGP   5EJTKHVQDGP-TQPGWPVGP,CJTGU\CJNOOI&KCMQX 8QT\ÒINKEJ





5KNDGTLGVQP  WPUKIPKGTV CWH UGKPG -TÌPWPI KP /QUMCW )GMTÌPVGU /QPQITCOO<YGK <GKNGP   5EJTKHVQDGP-TQPGWPVGP,CJTGU\CJNOOI&KCMQX 8QT\ÒINKEJ



92


ALEXANDER II.

7039



5KNDGTLGVQP  WPUKIPKGTV CWH UGKPG -TÌPWPI KP /QUMCW )GMTÌPVGU /QPQITCOO<YGK <GKNGP   5EJTKHVQDGP-TQPGWPVGP,CJTGU\CJNOOI&KCMQX (GKPG2CVKPCHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



7040



/GUUKPI\GKEJGPWPUKIPKGTVFGT*CPFGNUFGRWVCVKQPKP%JKUKPCW JGWVG*CWRVUVCFVXQP/QNFCYKGP  )GMTÌPVGU \YGKHGNFKIGU 9CRRGP FCJKPVGT \YGK IGMTGW\VG <GRVGT<YGK <GKNGP 5EJTKHV KP -CTVWUEJG   ZOOI&KCMQXp 5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



&KG*CPFGNUFGRWVCVKQPYWTFGKPITÌ­GTGP5V·FVGPIGITÒPFGV&KGUGT8GTDCPFDGUVCPFCWU-CWHNGWVGPFKG XQO 5VCFVRCTNCOGPV IGY·JNV YWTFGP &KG *CPFGNUFGRWVCVGP JCVVGP HTGKGP <WICPI \W CNNGP *CPFGNURN·V\GP WPF UQ   MQPPVGP UKG FKG 'KPJCNVWPI FGT IWVGP 5KVVGP KO*CPFGNMQPVTQNNKGTGP#NNG8GTUVÌ­GYWTFGPCPFCU5VCFVRCTNCOGPV IGOGNFGVWPFFQTVYWTFGPGPVURTGEJGPFG)GNFDW­GPXGTJ·PIV

7041



'KPUGKVKIG $TQP\GOGFCKNNG  WPUKIPKGTV 2TQDGCDUEJNCI HÒT FKG 2T·OKG FGT MCKUGTNKEJ PCVWTYKUUGP   UEJCHVNKEJGP )GUGNNUEJCHV CP FGT 7PKXGTUKV·V /QUMCW HÒT FKG 1TICPKUCVKQP FGT RQN[VGEJPKUEJGP #WU   UVGNNWPI XQP  )GMTÌPVGT &QRRGNCFNGT OKV <GRVGT WPF 4GKEJUCRHGN KP FGP (·PIGP CWH FGT $TWUV   9CRRGPUEJKNFCWHFGP(NÒIGNPLGXKGTMNGKPG9CRRGPUEJKNFGOOI&KCMQXp \W  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV-N6WUEJG\KHHGTCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVGUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

 93


ALEXANDER II.

7042



5KNDGTOGFCKNNG Q ,   XQP 8 #NGZGGX CWH / + )QNGPUEJGX-WVW\QX (ÒTUV XQP 5OQNGPUM   7PKHQTOKGTVGU $TWUVDKNF FGU (ÒTUVGP X X FGP -QRH PCEJ NKPMU IGYCPFV#PUKEJV FGU &GPMOCNU   KO*KPVGTITWPF$·WOGOOI&KCMQX 4   8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV9KP\4CPFHGJNGTMN-TCV\GTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ 

7043



94

$TQP\GOGFCKNNG  XQP 5 8C\JGPKP WPF # )TKNKEJGU CWH FKG (GTVKIUVGNNWPI FGT #NGZCPFGTDTÒEMG   ÒDGTFKG9QNIC$CWDGIKPPKO,CJT$ÒUVGT#PUKEJVFGT$TÒEMGÒDGTFKG9QNICWPVGP&CORH UEJKHHQDGP9QNMGPKO#DUEJPKVV\YGKMNGKPG<GKNGP5EJTKHVOOI&KCMQX 4  448QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\




ALEXANDER III.

7044

7045

<#4#.':#0&'4+++ )QNFOÒP\GPFGU<CTGP#NGZCPFGT+++ 

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  )1.&5GNVGPGT,CJTICPI8QT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  )1.&5GNVGPGT,CJTICPI8QT\ÒINKEJ



7046

1,5:1



1,5:1

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  )1.&0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV8QT\ÒINKEJ

7047



7048



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  )1.&440WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV9KP\4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  )1.&440WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV5GJTUEJÌP



7049

7050

7051

7052



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN

)1.&8QT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  )1.&-N5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTCVVTCMVKXGUXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN

)1.&5GJTUEJÌP





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN

)1.&(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ

 95


ALEXANDER III.

7053

7054

7055

7056



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  )1.&9KP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  )1.&-N-TCV\GTHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN

 )1.&-N4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN

)1.&(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



7057

7058

7059

7060



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  )1.&9KP\4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN

)1.&8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  )1.&9KP\4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN



7061

7062

7063

)1.&5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

7064



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN

)1.&8QT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN

)1.&8QT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN

)1.&8QT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN

)1.&(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



96


ALEXANDER III.

7066

7065

7067

7068



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  )1.&9KP\4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN

)1.&5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  )1.&5GNVGPGT,CJTICPI5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





 4WDGN  5V 2GVGTUDWTI +P 752NCUVKMJQNFGT FGT 0)% OKV FGT $GYGTVWPI /5  $KVMKP    (D5EJN )1.&5GNVGPGT,CJTICPI8QT\ÒINKEJ



7069

7070



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  )1.&5GNVGPGT,CJTICPI5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  )1.&5GNVGPGT,CJTICPI5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



7071

7072

7073

5KNDGTOÒP\GPFGU<CTGP#NGZCPFGT+++ 

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX FQTVWPVGT#NGZCPFGT++   *ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX FQTVWPVGT#NGZCPFGT++   5GJTUGNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI-CDKPGVVUVÒEMOKVJGTTNKEJGT2CVKPC5VGORGNINCP\





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX FQTVWPVGT#NGZCPFGT++   (GKPG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ

 97


ALEXANDER III.

7074

1,5:1

1,5:1



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX  5GJTUGNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI2TCEJVGZGORNCT*GTTNKEJG2CVKPCHCUV5VGORGNINCP\



7075

1,5:1



1,5:1

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX  5GNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI2TCEJVXQNNG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\

7076

 

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX 4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

7078

  98

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX 4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX



7077

'VYCUHNGEMKIUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ (CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ

 

7079

5GJTUEJÌP 9KP\4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ

 


ALEXANDER III.

7080

7081



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

5GJTUEJÌP



7082

1,5:1

1,5:1



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 &CX  5GNVGPGT,CJTICPIKPCW­GTIGYÌJPNKEJGT'TJCNVWPI*GTTNKEJG2CVKPCHCUV5VGORGNINCP\



4WDGN  5V 2GVGTUDWTI +P 752NCUVKMJQNFGT FGT #0#%5 OKV FGT $GYGTVWPI '(  &C\W 4WDGN   5V2GVGTUDWTI+P752NCUVKMJQNFGTFGT0)%OKVFGT$GYGTVWPI#7$KVMKP&CX 5VÒEM5GJTUEJÌPWPFUGJTUEJÌP

7084





7085



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX  5GJTUGNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI*GTTNKEJG2CVKPCHCUV5VGORGNINCP\





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX  5GNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI(GKPG2CVKPCYKP\-TCV\GTXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



7086

7087



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

9KP\4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

(GKPG6ÌPWPIXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\

 99


ALEXANDER III.

7088

7089



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4  40WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV8QT\ÒINKEJ





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4  5GNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI(CUV5VGORGNINCP\



7090

1,5:1

1,5:1



7091

2:1

2:1



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4   W­GTUVUGNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV-CDKPGVVUVÒEM 2TCEJVXQNNG2CVKPCRQNKGTVG2NCVVG 2TQQH

7092

7093



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 



7094



7095

4&WPMNG2CVKPCDGTKGDGPXQT\ÒINKEJ



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

9KP\-TCV\GTHCUV5VGORGNINCP\





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

8QT\ÒINKEJ





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

&WPMNG2CVKPCOKPLWUVKGTVXQT\ÒINKEJ



100


ALEXANDER III.

7098 7096

7097



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

5GJTUEJÌP





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

2TCEJVGZGORNCT5VGORGNINCP\



7099

7100

7101

-WRHGTOÒP\GPFGT/ÒP\UV·VVG5V2GVGTUDWTI 

-W-QRGMG5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

2QNKGTVG2NCVVG





-W-QRGMG5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

2QNKGTVG2NCVVG





-W-QRGMG5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



7102

7104

7103

7105

7106



-W-QRGMG5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

*GTTNKEJG2CVKPCHCUV5VGORGNINCP\





-W-QRGMG5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP  2TCEJVGZGORNCTOKVJGTTNKEJGT2CVKPC5VGORGNINCP\





-W-QRGMG5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

2TCEJVGZGORNCT(CUV5VGORGNINCP\





-W-QRGMG5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP  5GNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI2TCEJVGZGORNCT5VGORGNINCP\





-W-QRGMG5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP  5GNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI2TCEJVGZGORNCT5VGORGNINCP\



7107

7108

)GFGPMOÒP\GPFGU<CTGP#NGZCPFGT+++ 

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTICWHUGKPG-TÌPWPII$KVMKP&CX  5GJTUGNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI-CDKPGVVUVÒEM2TCEJVXQNNG2CVKPC5VGORGNINCP\





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTICWHUGKPG-TÌPWPII$KVMKP&CX  5GJTUGNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI-CDKPGVVUVÒEM2TCEJVXQNNG2CVKPC5VGORGNINCP\

 101


ALEXANDER III.

7109





7110

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTICWHUGKPG-TÌPWPII$KVMKP&CX  #VVTCMVKXGU'ZGORNCTOKVJGTTNKEJGT2CVKPC YKP\4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\CWURQNKGTVGT2NCVVG 4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTICWHUGKPG-TÌPWPII$KVMKP&CX

7111

 8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\

 

7112



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTICWHUGKPG-TÌPWPII$KVMKP&CX  (GKPG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTICWHUGKPG-TÌPWPII$KVMKP&CX  (GKPG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



7113

7114



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTICWHUGKPG-TÌPWPII$KVMKP&CX

(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTICWHUGKPG-TÌPWPII$KVMKP&CX  9KP\4CPFHGJNGTHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



7115

7116



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTICWHUGKPG-TÌPWPII$KVMKP&CX

5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTICWHUGKPG-TÌPWPII$KVMKP&CX

5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTICWHUGKPG-TÌPWPII$KVMKP&CX

5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTICWHUGKPG-TÌPWPII$KVMKP&CX

5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



102


ALEXANDER III.

7119

7120

<YGK2T·IWPIGPHÒT(KPPNCPF 

/CTMMCC*GNUKPMKHÒT(KPPNCPFI$KVMKP(D FQTVWPVGT(KPPNCPF 5EJN FQTV WPVGT(KPPNCPF  )1.&8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





/CTMMCC*GNUKPMKHÒT(KPPNCPFI$KVMKP(D FQTVWPVGT(KPPNCPF 5EJN FQTV WPVGT(KPPNCPF  )1.&8QT\ÒINKEJ



7121

7122

(GKPIGYKEJVUDCTTGPFGT/ÒP\UV·VVG5V2GVGTUDWTI 

 <QNQVPKMU Q , 5V 2GVGTUDWTI OKV \YGK )GIGPUVGORGNP XQP 4KIC CWH FGT 8QTFGTUGKVG 5EJTKHV\WI   4+)#I$KVMKP 4FQTVQJPG)GIGPUVGORGN  45GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





<QNQVPKMUQ,5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 



5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

7125 7124

7123

  

<QNQVPKMUQ,5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4  <QNQVPKMQ,5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP &QN[CUQ,5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 

8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ (GKPG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ 44*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

  

7126

1,5:1

1,5:1

/GFCKNNGPFGU<CTGP#NGZCPFGT+++ 

)QNFOGFCKNNG Q , XQP # )TKNKEJGU 2T·OKG FGT /·FEJGPUEJWNG HÒT FGP GTHQNITGKEJGP #DUEJNW­   $TWUVDKNF FGT <CTKP /CTKC (GQFQTQYPC T/KPGTXC OKV .QTDGGTMTCP\ KP FGT 4GEJVGP WPF ¤NNCORG KP   FGTGTJQDGPGP.KPMGPUVGJVXXWOIGDGPXQP#VVTKDWVGPFGT9KUUGPUEJCHVGPFKGCWHFGO$QFGPNKG IGPOOI&KCMQX 4   )1.&44/KP$GCTDGKVWPIUURWTGPCO4CPFXQT\ÒINKEJ  103


ALEXANDER III.

7127



5KNDGTOGFCKNNGQ,XQP58C\JGPKPWPF80KMQPQX2T·OKGFGT/·FEJGPUEJWNGHÒTFGPGTHQNITGKEJGP #DUEJNW­ $TWUVDKNF FGT <CTKP /CTKC (GQFQTQYPC T/KPGTXC OKV .QTDGGTMTCP\ KP FGT 4GEJVGP WPF   ¤NNCORGKPFGTGTJQDGPGP.KPMGPUVGJVXXWOIGDGPXQP#VVTKDWVGPFGT9KUUGPUEJCHVGPFKGCWHFGO $QFGPNKGIGPOOI&KCMQX 4FQTVHCNUEJG5KIPCVWTCWHFGT8QTFGTUGKVGCPIGIG DGPUKGJG#DDKNFWPI 4#VVTCMVKXGU'ZGORNCTOKVJÒDUEJGT2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ



7128



5KNDGTOGFCKNNG Q , XQP # )TKNKEJGU 2T·OKG FGT /·FEJGPUEJWNG HÒT FGP GTHQNITGKEJGP #DUEJNW­   $TWUVDKNF FGT <CTKP /CTKC (GQFQTQYPC T/KPGTXC OKV .QTDGGTMTCP\ KP FGT 4GEJVGP WPF ¤NNCORG KP   FGT GTJQDGPGP .KPMGP UVGJV X X WOIGDGP XQP #VVTKDWVGP FGT 9KUUGPUEJCHVGP FKG CWH FGO $QFGP   NKGIGPOOI&KCMQX (GKPG2CVKPCYKP\-TCV\GTXQT\ÒINKEJ



7129



5KNDGTOGFCKNNG  XQP # )TKNKEJGU CWH UGKPG -TÌPWPI KP /QUMCW &KG $ÒUVGP XQP #NGZCPFGT +++   WPF UGKPGT )GOCJNKP /CTKC (GQFQTQYPC PGDGPGKPCPFGT T)GMTÌPVGT &QRRGNCFNGT OKV <GRVGT WPF   4GKEJUCRHGNKPFGP(·PIGPCWHFGT$TWUVFGT5V)GQTIUUEJKNFWOJGTFKG-GVVGFGU#PFTGCUQTFGPUCWH FGP(NÒIGNPLGXKGTYGKVGTG9CRRGPUEJKNFGQDGP-TQPGOOI&KCMQX 4   49KP\4CPFHGJNGTYKP\-TCV\GTXQT\ÒINKEJ  #NGZCPFGT +++ YCT FGT \YGKVG 5QJP #NGZCPFGTU ++   WPF FGUUGP GTUVGT )GOCJNKP /CTKG XQP *GUUGP   &CTOUVCFV &KG 'TOQTFWPI FGU 8CVGTU CO  /·T\  FWTEJ GKP 5RTGPIUVQHHCVVGPVCV FGT CPCTEJKUVKUEJGP   1TICPKUCVKQP0CTQFPCLC9QNLC 8QNMUYKNNG DGGKPFTWEMVGFGPLWPIGP<CTGPPCEJJCNVKI'T\QIOKVUGKPGT(COKNKG KP GKP IWV DGYCEJVGU *QEJUKEJGTJGKVUUEJNQ­ KP FGP 2GVGTUDWTIGT 8QTQTV )CVUEJKPC WPF ITÒPFGVG  FGP   5KEJGTJGKVUFKGPUV1EJTCPPQLG1VFGNGPKGFGTFKG#WHICDGPGKPGTRQNKVKUEJGP)GJGKORQNK\GKYCJTPCJO#PUVCVVFKG RQNKVKUEJG -TKUG FGU .CPFGU \W GPVUEJ·THGP WPF UQOKV NCPIHTKUVKI GKPGT 4GXQNWVKQP XQT\WDGWIGP JQD GT PCEJ WPF   PCEJ CNNG .KDGTCNKUKGTWPIUXQTUVÌ­G UGKPGU 8CVGTUCWHWPFDGHCJNFKG&GRQTVCVKQP\CJNTGKEJGT-TKVKMGTPCEJ5KDKTKGP 9·JTGPFUGKPGT4GIKGTWPIU\GKVGTNGDVG4W­NCPFFKG+PFWUVTKCNKUKGTWPIFGTGPUKEJVDCTGU'TIGDPKUFGT$CWFGT6TCPU UKDKTKUEJGP'KUGPDCJPKUV

104


ALEXANDER III.

7130



5KNDGTOGFCKNNG  XQP # )TKNKEJGU CWH UGKPG -TÌPWPI KP /QUMCW &KG $ÒUVGP XQP #NGZCPFGT +++   WPF UGKPGT )GOCJNKP /CTKC (GQFQTQYPC PGDGPGKPCPFGT T)GMTÌPVGT &QRRGNCFNGT OKV <GRVGT WPF   4GKEJUCRHGNKPFGP(·PIGPCWHFGT$TWUVFGT5V)GQTIUUEJKNFWOJGTFKG-GVVGFGU#PFTGCUQTFGPUCWH FGP(NÒIGNPLGXKGTYGKVGTG9CRRGPUEJKNFGQDGP-TQPGOOI&KCMQX 4   4(GKPG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ 

7131



6TCIDCTG 5KNDGTOGFCKNNG Q ,   WPUKIPKGTV 9GTMUVCVV ) .QQU $GTNKP5KNDGTPG5EJÒV\GPRT·OKG IGHGTVKIV CPN·­NKEJ UGKPGU $GUWEJGU KP $GTNKP )GMTÌPVGU /QPQITCOO7PKHQTOKGTVGU $TWUVDKNF 9KN   JGNOU++XQP2TGW­GPTOOI&KCMQXp/CTKGPDp5NI2GNV\GTp  8QPITÌ­VGT5GNVGPJGKV9KP\4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ



7132



6TCIDCTG $TQP\GOGFCKNNG  XQP 1 4QV[ CWH FCU 2TGUUGMQOKVGG FGT HTCP\ÌUKUEJTWUUKUEJGP (GKGT   NKEJMGKVGPKP-TQPUVCFV DGK5V2GVGTUDWTI UQYKG6QWNQPWPF2CTKU$TWUVDKNFFGTRGTUQPKHK \KGTVGP 4GRWDNKM (TCPMTGKEJ N OKV (TGKJGKVUOÒV\G)GMTÌPVGT &QRRGNCFNGT OKV <GRVGT WPF 4GKEJUCRHGN   KPFGP(·PIGPCWHFGT$TWUV5V)GQTIUUEJKNFWOJGTFKG-GVVGFGU#PFTGCUQTFGPUCWHFGP(NÒIGNPLG XKGTYGKVGTG9CRRGPUEJKNFGQDGP-TQPGOOI&KCMQXp 448QT\ÒINKEJ

 105


ALEXANDER III.

7133



5KNDGTOGFCKNNG  XQP , % %JCRNCKP CWH FGP $GUWEJ FGT TWUUKUEJGP (NQVVG KP 6QWNQP(TCPMTGKEJ   &KGRGTUQPKHK\KGTVGPYGKDNKEJGP$TWUVDKNFGTXQP4W­NCPFWPF(TCPMTGKEJPGDGPGKPCPFGTNFCTWPVGT\YGK KPGKPCPFGTITGKHGPFG *·PFG9GKDNKEJG )GUVCNV KP CPVKMGO )GYCPF UVGJV PCEJ T CP /GGTGUWHGT OKV   GTJQDGPGP*·PFGPWPFDGITÒ­VFKGTWUUKUEJG(NQVVGTHÒPH<GKNGP5EJTKHV,CJTGU\CJNWPFFCUTWUUKUEJG 9CRRGP/KV4CPFRWP\G#4)'06OOI&KCMQX 4   +P5KNDGTUGJTUGNVGP(CUV5VGORGNINCP\



7134



6TCIDCTGUKNDGTPG8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNGWPUKIPKGTVXQP#)TKNKEJGULTCWHUGKPGP6QFXGTNKGJGP CP2TKGUVGTHÒJTGPFG1HHK\KGTGWPFTCPIJÌJGTG$GCOVGFKGWPVGT#NGZCPFGT+++IGFKGPVJCDGP$ÒUVGT N .QTDGGT\YGKI&KG 4GIKGTWPIUFCVGP  QDGP -TQPG WPVGP -TGW\  OO  I   &KCMQX #PTQVGO$CPF8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\

7135





106



7136

6TCIDCTGUKNDGTPG8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNGWPUKIPKGTVXQP#)TKNKEJGULTCWHUGKPGP6QFXGTNKGJGP CP2TKGUVGTHÒJTGPFG1HHK\KGTGWPFTCPIJÌJGTG$GCOVGFKGWPVGT#NGZCPFGT+++IGFKGPVJCDGP-QRHT N .QTDGGT\YGKI&KG 4GIKGTWPIUFCVGP  QDGP -TQPG WPVGP -TGW\  OO  I   &KCMQX 8QT\ÒINKEJ



6TCIDCTGUKNDGTPG8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNGWPUKIPKGTVXQP#)TKNKEJGULTCWHUGKPGP6QFXGTNKGJGP CP2TKGUVGTHÒJTGPFG1HHK\KGTGWPFTCPIJÌJGTG$GCOVGFKGWPVGT#NGZCPFGT+++IGFKGPVJCDGP$ÒUVGT N .QTDGGT\YGKI&KG 4GIKGTWPIUFCVGP  QDGP -TQPG WPVGP -TGW\  OO  I   &KCMQX 8QT\ÒINKEJ




NIKOLAUS II.

7137



5KNDGTOGFCKNNGXQP#)TKNKEJGUCWHFKG'KPYGKJWPIFGU&GPMOCNUHÒT#NGZCPFGT++KP*GNUKPMK $ÒUVG#NGZCPFGTU++T#PUKEJVFGU&GPMOCNUOOI&KCMQX 4   448QT\ÒINKEJ

7138

7139

7140



7141

<#40+-1.#75++ )QNFOÒP\GPFGU<CTGP0KMQNCWU++ 

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 (D5EJN  )1.&ªDGTFWTEJUEJPKVVNKEJGTJCNVGP8QT\ÒINKEJ



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 (D5EJN

)1.&8QT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 (D5EJN

)1.&(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 (D5EJN

 )1.&5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTIIWPFI$KVMKP 4 XCT(D Z 5EJN 5VÒEM)1.&5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

7143





7144



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKPXCT(D5EJN

)1.&(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKPXCT(D5EJN

)1.&(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKPXCT(D5EJN  )1.&5GJTUEJÌPXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKPXCT(D 5EJN 5VÒEM)1.&5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJWPFMN4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ

 107


NIKOLAUS II.

7148

7147

7149

7150

   

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN 4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN 4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN 4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN&C\W4WDGN5V2GVGTU DWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  5VÒEM)1.&-N4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌPWPFUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

7152

)1.&5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ )1.&5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ )1.&5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ )1.&5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

    

7153



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  )1.&9KP\4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN



7154

7155

)1.&(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ

7156

7157



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  )1.&*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCYKP\4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN

)1.&8QT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  )1.&9KP\4CPFHGJNGTDGTKGDGPXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 (D5EJN  )1.&45GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



7158

7159



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 (D5EJN  )1.&45GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN



108

)1.&8QT\ÒINKEJ


NIKOLAUS II.

7160

7161

7163

7162



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN

)1.&8QT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN

)1.&8QT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN

)1.&8QT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  )1.&9KP\4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ



7166

7165

7164

7167



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN

)1.&8QT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN

)1.&8QT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN

 )1.&5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN

 )1.&5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



7168

7169

7170

7171

7172



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN

)1.&5GJTUEJÌP





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN

)1.&5GJTUEJÌP





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  )1.&9KP\4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN

)1.&8QT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN

)1.&8QT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTIIWPFI$KVMKP(D Z 5EJN  5VÒEM)1.&5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

 109


NIKOLAUS II.

7175

7174

7177

7178

7179



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN

)1.&5GJTUEJÌP





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN  )1.&9KP\4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTIIWPFI$KVMKP(D Z 5EJN  5VÒEM)1.&5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTI+P752NCUVKMJQNFGTFGT'%%OKVFGT$GYGTVWPI/5$KVMKP(D 5EJN )1.&8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN



7180

7181

7182

)1.&8QT\ÒINKEJ

)1.&8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\

7183

 

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN 4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN

)1.&8QT\ÒINKEJ )1.&8QT\ÒINKEJ



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTI+P752NCUVKMJQNFGTFGT#0#OKVFGT$GYGTVWPI/5$KVMKP(D 5EJN )1.&2TCEJVGZGORNCT5VGORGNINCP\





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP(D5EJN



)1.&(CUV5VGORGNINCP\

 

7184

1,5:1

1,5:1

5KNDGTOÒP\GPFGU<CTGP0KMQNCWU++  110

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX  5GJTUGNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI2TCEJVGZGORNCT(CUV5VGORGNINCP\




NIKOLAUS II.

7185

1,5:1



1,5:1

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX  -CDKPGVVUVÃ&#x2019;EM2TCEJVXQNNG2CVKPCRQNKGTVG2NCVVG 2TQQH

7186



7187



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

(CUV5VGORGNINCP\





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

9KP\-TCV\GTHCUV5VGORGNINCP\



7188

7189



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

8QT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

8QT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ



7190

7191



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

*Ã&#x2019;DUEJG2CVKPCHCUVXQT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX  #VVTCMVKXGU'ZGORNCTOKVJÃ&#x2019;DUEJGT2CVKPCXQT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJp5VGORGNINCP\

 111


NIKOLAUS II.

7192

7193



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

/KPLWUVKGTVGVYCUHNGEMKIXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

-N4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



7194

7195

7196



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

 (NGEMKIG2CVKPCYKP\4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 &CX

5GNVGPGT,CJTICPI5GJTUEJÌP





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 &CXp \W   9KP\4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





7197

1,5:1

 112

1,5:1

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX  5GJTUGNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI(GKPG2CVKPCRQNKGTVG2NCVVGOKPDGTÒJTV




NIKOLAUS II.

7199

7198



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

9KP\4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

8QT\ÒINKEJ



7200

7201



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

8QT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX

*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ



7202



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP&CX



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 &CX

7204

7203

8QT\ÒINKEJ



45GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



7205



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 &CX

$GUUGTGT,CJTICPI8QT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 &CX  $GUUGTGT,CJTICPI&WPMNG2CVKPCYKP\4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



7206



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

7207

2TCEJVGZGORNCT(CUV5VGORGNINCP\



(CUV5VGORGNINCP\

 113


NIKOLAUS II.

7208

7210

7209

7211



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 

45GJTUEJÌP





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 

48QT\ÒINKEJ





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 

48QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



7212

7213



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 

7216

7217

7218

7214

7215

2TCEJVXQNNG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



4(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



448QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



4(CUV5VGORGNINCP\



7219

7220

7221



-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

2QNKGTVG2NCVVG





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

2QNKGTVG2NCVVGOKPDGTÒJTV





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

2QNKGTVG2NCVVG





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

2QNKGTVG2NCVVG





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 

48QT\ÒINKEJ





-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP 4 

8QT\ÒINKEJ



114


NIKOLAUS II.

7222

1,5:1



4WDGN2CTKUI$KVMKP&CX  W­GTUVUGNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI-CDKPGVVUVÒEMXQPHGKPUVGT'TJCNVWPI *GTTNKEJG2CVKPC5VGORGNINCP\

7223

   

1,5:1

7224

7225

4WDGN2CTKUI$KVMKP&CX -QRGMGP2CTKUI$KVMKP 4WDGN$TÒUUGNI$KVMKP&CX

-WRHGTOÒP\GPFGU<CTGP0KMQNCWU++

-W-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

7228

7227



7226

(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ 8QT\ÒINKEJ 8QT\ÒINKEJ

  

2TCEJVGZGORNCT5VGORGNINCP\



7229

7227

 

-W-QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP -W-QRGMG5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP

2TCEJVGZGORNCT(CUV5VGORGNINCP\ 2TCEJVGZGORNCT5VGORGNINCP\

 



-W-QRGMG5V2GVGTUDWTII$KVMKP  2TCEJVGZGORNCTOKVHGKPGT2CVKPC5VGORGNINCP\

 115


NIKOLAUS II.

7230

1,5:1

1,5:1

)GFGPMOÒP\GPFGU<CTGP0KMQNCWU++ 

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTICWHUGKPG-TÌPWPII$KVMKP&CX  5GJTUGNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI-CDKPGVVUVÒEM2TCEJVXQNNG2CVKPCRQNKGTVG2NCVVG 2TQQH



7231

1,5:1



1,5:1

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTICWHUGKPG-TÌPWPII$KVMKP&CX  5GJTUGNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI-CDKPGVVUVÒEM2TCEJVXQNNG2CVKPCRQNKGTVG2NCVVG 2TQQH

7232



7233



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTICWHUGKPG-TÌPWPII$KVMKP&CX  2TCEJVGZGORNCT*GTTNKEJG2CVKPCHCUV5VGORGNINCP\





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTICWHUGKPG-TÌPWPII$KVMKP&CX



116

8QT\ÒINKEJ


NIKOLAUS II.

7235

7234



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTICWHUGKPG-TÌPWPII$KVMKP&CX  9KP\4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTICWHUGKPG-TÌPWPII$KVMKP&CX  -N4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP



7237

7236



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTI&GPMOCNHÒT#NGZCPFGT++I$KVMKP 4 &CX  4*GTTNKEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTI&GPMOCNHÒT#NGZCPFGT++I$KVMKP 4 &CX  5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



7238

1,5:1



1,5:1

4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTI&GPMOCNHÒT#NGZCPFGT+++I$KVMKP 4 &CX  48QT\ÒINKEJ

7239



7240



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTI&GPMOCNHÒT#NGZCPFGT+++I$KVMKP 4 &CX  49KP\4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP



4WDGN  5V 2GVGTUDWTI CWH FKG ,CJTHGKGT FGU 5KGIGU ÒDGT 0CRQN¾QP  I $KVMKP    &CX 8QT\ÒINKEJ

  117


NIKOLAUS II.

7242

7241



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTICWHFKG,CJTHGKGTFGU5KGIGUÒDGT0CRQN¾QPI$KVMKP&CX 8QT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTICWHFKG,CJTHGKGTFGU5KGIGUÒDGT0CRQN¾QPI$KVMKP&CX 8QT\ÒINKEJ



7243

7244



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTICWHFKG,CJTHGKGTFGU5KGIGUÒDGT0CRQN¾QPI$KVMKP&CX 9KP\4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTICWHFKG,CJTHGKGTFGU5KGIGUÒDGT0CRQN¾QPI$KVMKP&CX 8QT\ÒINKEJ



7245

7246



4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTICWHFKG,CJTHGKGTFGU5KGIGUÒDGT0CRQN¾QPI$KVMKP&CX -N4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTICWHFKG,CJTHGKGTFGU5KGIGUÒDGT0CRQN¾QPI$KVMKP&CX -N4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP



7247

1,5:1



1,5:1

4WDGN  5V 2GVGTUDWTI )CPIWV4WDGN IGRT·IV CWH FKG ,CJTHGKGT FGU 5GGUKGIGU DGK *CPIÌ  

)CPIWV ÒDGTFKG5EJYGFGPI$KVMKP 4 &CX 44(CUV5VGORGNINCP\  +P FGT 5GGUEJNCEJV XQP *CPIÌ HKPPKUEJ *CPMQ  YWTFG FGT UEJYGFKUEJG #FOKTCN 'JTGPUMLÌNF XQP TWUUKUEJGP5GG UVTGKVMT·HVGPIGHCPIGPIGPQOOGP

118


NIKOLAUS II.

7249

7248

2T·IWPIGPHÒT(KPPNCPF 

/CTMMCC*GNUKPMKHÒT(KPPNCPFI$KVMKP(D FQTVWPVGT(KPPNCPF 5EJN FQTV WPVGT(KPPNCPF  )1.&9KP\4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





/CTMMCC*GNUKPMKHÒT(KPPNCPFI$KVMKP(D FQTVWPVGT(KPPNCPF 5EJN FQTV WPVGT(KPPNCPF  )1.&8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



7251

7250



/CTMMCC*GNUKPMKHÒT(KPPNCPFI$KVMKP 4 



6TCIDCTGIQNFGPG6CRHGTMGKVUOGFCKNNG-NCUUGQ,WPUKIPKGTV$ÒUVGN&TGK<GKNGP5EJTKHVFC\YK UEJGP#DUEJPKVVUNKPKGWPF)TCXWT0QOOI&KCMQX 4   )1.&8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV9KP\-TCV\GTXQT\ÒINKEJ



/GFCKNNGPFGU<CTGP0KMQNCWU++

7252



44-N4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP

7253



7254

6TCIDCTGUKNDGTPG6CRHGTMGKVUOGFCKNNG-NCUUGQ,WPUKIPKGTV$ÒUVGN&TGK<GKNGP5EJTKHVFC\YK UEJGP#DUEJPKVVUNKPKGWPF)TCXWT0QOOI&KCMQX 4   5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





6TCIDCTG IQNFGPG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG Q ,   WPUKIPKGTV XQP # 8CU[WVKPUM[ (NGK­RT·OKG HÒT   -CWHNGWVG #TDGKVGT $CWGTP 7PVGTQHHK\KGTG WPF -KTEJGPRHNGIGT FKG FGT 4GIKGTWPI &KGPUVG GTDTCEJV   JCVVGP-QRHN5EJTKHVPGDGPXGTUEJNWPIGPGP.QTDGGT2CNOWPF'KEJGP\YGKIGPOOI &KCMQX 4  )1.&4-N4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ 



6TCIDCTG UKNDGTPG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG Q ,   WPUKIPKGTV XQP # 8CU[WVKPUM[ WPF -NGPQX (NGK­   RT·OKG HÒT -CWHNGWVG #TDGKVGT $CWGTP7PVGTQHHK\KGTGWPF-KTEJGPRHNGIGTFKGFGT4GIKGTWPI&KGPUVG GTDTCEJV JCVVGP -QRH N5EJTKHV PGDGP XGTUEJNWPIGPGP .QTDGGT 2CNO WPF 'KEJGP\YGKIGP    OOI&KCMQX 5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

 119


NIKOLAUS II.

7255







7256

7257

8GTIQNFGVG$TQP\GOGFCKNNGQ, WOITCXKGTV WPUKIPKGTVXQP#8CU[WVKPUM[2T·OKGFGU (KPCP\OKPKUVGTKWOU XGTNKGJGP HÒT (NGK­ WPF -WPUV -QRH N5KGDGP <GKNGP 5EJTKHV WOJGT 'KEJGP   MTCP\ /KV M[TKNNKUEJGT 4CPFITCXWT +PVGTPCVKQPCNG YKUUGPUEJCHVNKEJG #WUUVGNNWPI -KPFGTYGNV 5V 2G   VGTUDWTIOOI&KCMQX  +P1TKIKPCNGVWK-N4CPFHGJNGTMN-TCV\GTXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



$TQP\GOGFCKNNGQ, WO WPUKIPKGTVXQP#8CU[WVKPUM[2T·OKGFGU(KPCP\OKPKUVGTKWOUXGT NKGJGP HÒT (NGK­ WPF -WPUV -QRH N5KGDGP <GKNGP 5EJTKHV WOJGT 'KEJGPMTCP\  OO  I   &KCMQX 8QT\ÒINKEJ



5KNDGTOGFCKNNGQ,WPUKIPKGTV2T·OKGHÒT8GTFKGPUVGKPFGT.CPFYKTVUEJCHV&KG-ÌRHGXQP#NGZCPFGT+++ WPF 0KMQNCWU ++ PGDGPGKPCPFGT N5GEJU <GKNGP 5EJTKHV WOJGT -TCP\ CWU $NWOGP (TÒEJVGP WPF   )GVTGKFGOOI&KCMQX 4  48QT\ÒINKEJ



7258



120

$TQP\GOGFCKNNG M[TKNNKUEJ XQP80KMQPQXWPF/5MWFPQXCWHFGP$CWFGT9NCFKOKT-CVJGF TCNGKP-KGY)GMTÌPVGU$TWUVDKNFFGU(ÒTUVGP9NCFKOKTXXOKV-TGW\KPFGT.KPMGPKO*KPVGTITWPFT -CVJGFTCNG#PUKEJVFGT9NCFKOKT-CVJGFTCNGOOI&KCMQX 4   49KP\-TCV\GTXQT\ÒINKEJ




NIKOLAUS II.

7259



5KNDGTOGFCKNNGXQP#8CU[WVKPUM[CWHFKG-TÌPWPIFGU<CTGPRCCTGU&KG-ÌRHGFGU<CTGPWPF UGKPGT )GOCJNKP #NGZCPFTC (GQFQTQYPC PGDGPGKPCPFGT N)GMTÌPVGT &QRRGNCFNGT OKV <GRVGT WPF   4GKEJUCRHGNKPFGP(·PIGPCWHFGT$TWUV5V)GQTIUUEJKNFWOJGTFKG-GVVGFGU#PFTGCUQTFGPUCWHFGP (NÒIGNPLGXKGTYGKVGTG9CRRGPUEJKNFGQDGP-TQPGOOI&KCMQX 4   449KP\-TCV\GTUGJTUEJÌP



7260



5KNDGTOGFCKNNGXQP#8CU[WVKPUM[CWHFKG-TÌPWPIFGU<CTGPRCCTGU&KG-ÌRHGFGU<CTGPWPF UGKPGT )GOCJNKP #NGZCPFTC (GQFQTQYPC PGDGPGKPCPFGT N)GMTÌPVGT &QRRGNCFNGT OKV <GRVGT WPF   4GKEJUCRHGNKPFGP(·PIGPCWHFGT$TWUV5V)GQTIUUEJKNFWOJGTFKG-GVVGFGU#PFTGCUQTFGPUCWHFGP (NÒIGNPLGXKGTYGKVGTG9CRRGPUEJKNFGQDGP-TQPGOOI&KCMQX 4   44(GKPG2CVKPCMN4CPFHGJNGTYKP\-TCV\GTXQT\ÒINKEJ

7261







7262

8GTUKNDGTVG$TQP\GOGFCKNNGWPUKIPKGTVCWHFKG-TÌPWPIFGU<CTGPRCCTGU)GMTÌPVGT&QRRGNCFNGT OKV 5V )GQTIUUEJKNF CWH FGT $TWUV J·NV OKV UGKPGP (·PIGP LG GKPGP .QTDGGTMTCP\ ÒDGT FKG IGMTÌPVGP   /QPQITCOOG FGU <CTGPRCCTGU-KUUGP OKV -TQPG 4GKEJUCRHGN 5EJYGTV WPF <GRVGT WPVGP \YGK   IGMTGW\VG.QTDGGT\YGKIGOOI&KCMQXp5OKTPQXp 8QT\ÒINKEJ



6TCIDCTGUKNDGTPG8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNGWPUKIPKGTVXQP#8CU[WVKPUM[WPF52QIQPQXHÒTCPFGP 8QTDGTGKVWPIGP \W UGKPGT -TÌPWPI DGVGKNKIVGP 2GTUQPGP -QRH N&TGK <GKNGP 5EJTKHV QDGP -TQPG   OOI&KCMQX 4  (CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ

 121


NIKOLAUS II.

7263



$TQP\GOGFCKNNG  XQP , % %JCRNCKP CWH FGP $GUWEJ FGU <CTGPRCCTGU KP (TCPMTGKEJ $TWUVDKNFGT   FGU <CTGP WPF UGKPGT )GOCJNKP #NGZCPFTC (GQFQTQYPC PGDGPGKPCPFGT T5KGDGP <GKNGP 5EJTKHV   QDGP FKG 9CRRGP XQP 4W­NCPF WPF (TCPMTGKEJ WPVGP $NÒVGP\YGKI  OO  I &KCMQX    4  8QT\ÒINKEJ

7264

7266



7265



5KNDGTOGFCKNNG  XQP # )TKNKEJGU CWH FKG +PFWUVTKG WPF -WPUVCWUUVGNNWPI KP 0K\JP[ 0QYIQTQF   -QRHN4WUUKCUVGJVXXOKV2CNO\YGKIKPFGT4GEJVGPOKVFGT.KPMGPDGMT·P\VUKGGKPGO·PPNKEJG WPFGKPGYGKDNKEJG)GUVCNVFKGXQTKJTMPKGPKO*KPVGTITWPF#PUKEJVFGU#WUUVGNNWPIUIGD·WFGUOO I&KCMQX 4  42CVKPCUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





5KNDGTOGFCKNNG  XQP # )TKNKEJGU CWH FKG +PFWUVTKG WPF -WPUVCWUUVGNNWPI KP 0K\JP[ 0QYIQTQF   -QRHN4WUUKCUVGJVXXOKV2CNO\YGKIKPFGT4GEJVGPOKVFGT.KPMGPDGMT·P\VUKGGKPGO·PPNKEJG WPFGKPGYGKDNKEJG)GUVCNVFKGXQTKJTMPKGPKO*KPVGTITWPF#PUKEJVFGU#WUUVGNNWPIUIGD·WFGUOO I&KCMQX 4  49KP\4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP



8GTUKNDGTVG $TQP\GOGFCKNNG  WPUKIPKGTV CWH FGP #WHGPVJCNV XQP .WFYKI +8 )TQ­JGT\QI XQP   *GUUGPWPFUGKPGT)GOCJNKP8KMVQTKCCPN·­NKEJFGU$GUWEJUFGU<CTGPRCCTGUCO*QHKP&CTOUVCFV<YGK /GFCKNNQPU OKV FGP $ÒUVGP XQP 0KMQNCWU ++ WPF UGKPGT )GOCJNKP #NGZCPFTC (GQFQTQYPC X X QDGP   UVTCJNGPFGT 5VGTP WPVGP 9CRRGPUEJKNF WOJGT 5EJTKHV&KG $TWUVDKNFGT FGU *GT\QIURCCTGU XQP *GUUGP   PGDGPGKPCPFGTTOOI&KCMQXp 44*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ





122


NIKOLAUS II.

7267



2QT\GNNCPOGFCKNNGWPUKIPKGTVCWHFGP$GUWEJFGU<CTGPRCCTGUKPFGTHTCP\ÌUKUEJGP2QT\GNNCPOC PWHCMVWT 5½XTGU CO  1MVQDGT $TWUVDKNFGT FGU <CTGP WPF UGKPGT )GOCJNKP #NGZCPFTC (GQFQTQYPC   PGDGPGKPCPFGTT#EJV<GKNGP5EJTKHVOOI&KCMQXp 448QT\ÒINKEJ



7268



$TQP\GOGFCKNNG  XQP # )TKNKEJGU CWH FKG  #WUUVGNNWPI XQP ,CIFIGYGJTGP 2TGKUOGFCKNNG FGT   MCKUGTNKEJ TWUUKUEJGP VGEJPKUEJGP )GUGNNUEJCHV +P FGT /KVVG <CJPTCF WOJGT &TGKRC­ OKV GKPGO   &CORHUEJKHH GKPGO -GUUGN WPF GKPGT &CORHNQMQOQVKXG KP FGP 9KPMGNP MNGKPG <CJPT·FGT OKV KPFWU   VTKGNNGP'ODNGOGPWPF9GTM\GWIGP/GFCKNNQPOKV5EJTKHVWPF,CJTGU\CJNWOJGT.QTDGGTMTCP\OO I&KCMQX 4  442TCEJVGZGORNCT5VGORGNINCP\



7269



5KNDGTOGFCKNNG  XQP # )TKNKEJGU LT CWH FCU L·JTKIG $GUVGJGP FGU  +PHCPVGTKG4GIKOGPVU   /QUMCW &KG WPKHQTOKGTVGP $TWUVDKNFGT XQP 2GVGT + FGO )TQ­GP WPF 0KMQNCWU ++ PGDGPGKPCPFGT N   <YGK (CJPGPÒDGT\YGKIGMTÌPVGP9CRRGPUEJKNFGP.QTDGGT\YGKIGWPFGKP&QNEJTFKG,CJTGU\CJNGP WPFUKGDGP<GKNGP5EJTKHVOKV#PICDGPFGT5EJNCEJVGPFGU4GIKOGPVUOOI &KCMQX 4  445GJTUEJÌP

 123


NIKOLAUS II.

7270



8GTUKNDGTVG$TQP\GOGFCKNNGXQP(4C\WOP[CWHFKG)TWPFUVGKPNGIWPIFGT2CTKUGT$TÒEMG#NGZ CPFTG +++ FWTEJ <CT 0KMQNCWU ++ WPF <CTKP #NGZCPFTC (GQFQTQYPC CPN·­NKEJ FGT 2CTKUGT 9GNVCWUUVGN   NWPI&TGKCPVKMIGMNGKFGVGYGKDNKEJG)GUVCNVGPUVGJGPWPVGTFGO2QTVT·V#NGZCPFGTU+++9GKDNK EJG )GUVCNV WPF GKP -KPF OKV GKPGO 5EJTKHVDCPF NKGIGP CP GKPGO $CWO KO *KPVGTITWPF #PUKEJV FGT   $TÒEMGWPVGP<GKNGP5EJTKHV/KV4CPFITCXWT$410<'OOI&KCMQX 4  +P'VWK*ÒDUEJG2CVKPCXQT\ÒINKEJ



7271



6TCIDCTGUKNDGTPG8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNGWPUKIPKGTVXQP/)CDGWPF-NGPQXXGTNKGJGPCPFKG6GKN PGJOGTFGU(GNF\WIUKP%JKPCIGIGPFKG4GDGNNGP)GMTÌPVGU/QPQITCOOWOJGT5EJTKHV WPVGPIGMTGW\VGT#PMGT5·DGNWPF)GYGJTOOI&KCMQX 4   444CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP



7272



124

4GEJVGEMKIG $TQP\GRNCMGVVG  XQP'$NKPCWHFGP5CNQPFGN #WVQOQDKNG#WVQOQDKNTFCUXQP \YGK 2GTUQPGP IGNGPMV YKTF QDGP UEJYGDGPFG O·PPNKEJG )GUVCNV OKV (CEMGNFKGOKVFGT4GEJVGPFGP 9GI YGKUV6CHGN OKV FTGK <GKNGP 5EJTKHV CWH -CTVWUEJG FCTÒDGT #WVQOQDKN T QDGP UEJYGDGPFGT   #FNGT\WFGP5GKVGP.QTDGGT\YGKIG/KV4CPFRWP\G$410<'ZOOI&KCMQXp 448QT\ÒINKEJ




NIKOLAUS II.

7273



8GTUKNDGTVG DTQP\GPG 8GTFKGPUVOGFCKNNG Q ,   WPUKIPKGTV FGT MCKUGTNKEJGP &QP-WDCP   6GTGM.CPFYKTVUEJCHVUIGUGNNUEJCHV $ÒUVG N WOJGT .QTDGGT WPF 'KEJGPMTCP\)GMTÌPVGT &QRRGNCFNGT   OKV<GRVGTWPF4GKEJUCRHGNKPFGP(·PIGPCWHFGT$TWUV5V)GQTIUUEJKNFWOJGTFKG-GVVGFGU#PFTGCU QTFGPUCWHFGP(NÒIGNPLGXKGTYGKVGTG9CRRGPUEJKNFGQDGP-TQPGOOI&KCMQX 4  4-N4CPFHGJNGTHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



7274



$TQP\GOGFCKNNG  XQP ( 4C\WOP[ CWH FKG ,CJTHGKGT FGT 5VCFV<CTUMQLG5GNQ 2WUEJMKP &KG WPKHQTOKGTVGP $TWUVDKNFGT XQP 0KMQNCWU ++ WPF 2GVGT + FGO )TQ­GP PGDGPGKPCPFGT N)GMTÌPVGU   5VCFVYCRRGPXQP<CTUMQLG5GNQ\YKUEJGP'KEJGPWPF.QTDGGT\YGKIFCTÒDGTFTGK<GKNGP5EJTKHVOO I&KCMQX /CVVKGTVHCUV5VGORGNINCP\



7275



$TQP\GOGFCKNNG  WPUKIPKGTV XQP , /QPVCPFQPG 9GTMUVCVV # ,CMMCT CWH FGP $CW FGT 2GVGT   FGT )TQ­G$TÒEMG ÒDGT FKG 0GYC &KG -ÌRHG XQP 0KMQNCWU ++ WPF 2GVGT + FGO )TQ­GP PGDGP   GKPCPFGT N#PUKEJV FGT HÒT FGP 5EJKHHUXGTMGJT IGÌHHPGVGP $TÒEMG QDGP /QPITCOO 2GVGTU + WPVGP   IGMTÌPVGU 9CRRGP XQP 5V 2GVGTUDWTI \YKUEJGP FGP ,CJTGU\CJNGP     OO  I   &KCMQX 4  440WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV(CUV5VGORGNINCP\

 125


SOWJETUNION

7277 7276



7276

5KNDGTOGFCKNNG  9GTMUVCVV ,CMCT 'JTGPOGFCKNNG HÒT FCU DGNIKUEJG 8QNM &GT DGNIKUEJG .ÌYG \GT   VTCORGNV GKPG FGWVUEJG (CJPG N 5EJKNF OKV FGT +PUEJTKHV . 70+10  (#+6  .#  (14%',G HÒPH   <GKNGPKPHTCP\ÌUKUEJGTWPFTWUUKUEJGT5EJTKHVOOI&KCMQX 4  8QT\ÒINKEJ



'+0'4755+5%*'+/+6#6+10 '+0'50+'&'4.0&+5%*'04+66'4&7-#6'0 

&WMCV5V2GVGTUDWTII+OKVCVKQPGKPGUPKGFGTN·PFKUEJGP4KVVGTFWMCVGP$KVMKP(D 5EJNp )1.&45GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



7278

519,'670+10 

126

'KPUGKVKIGUKNDGTPG*QJNIW­RNCMGVVGQ,XQP(4CUWOP[CWHFGP8GTDCPFFGTTWUUKUEJGP-WPUVOCNG TGKKP2CTKU9GKDNKEJG)GUVCNVNKO*KPVGTITWPF/CNRCNGVVGZOOI  448QT\ÒINKEJ




SOWJETUNION

7280

7279



4WDGN 6UEJGTYQPG\ .GPKPITCFI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN

)1.&8QT\ÒINKEJ





4WDGN 6UEJGTYQPG\ .GPKPITCFI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN)1.&(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



7282

7281

7281



-W-QRGMGPOKVINCVVGO4CPF;GQ



-W-QRGMGP2TQDGOKVIGTKHHGNVGO4CPFI7UJCMQX(GFQTKP

7285

48QT\ÒINKEJ



5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



7286

7283 (Pt)

7283 (Pt)



4WDGN2NCVKP.GPKPITCF'RQUFGU)TQ­HÒTUVGP+IQTIHGKP(D5EJN  2.#6+0+P1TKIKPCNGVWK2QNKGTVG2NCVVG





4WDGN/QUMCW<NCVPKM)QNFOÒP\G8NCFKOKTUI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN  )1.&+P1TKIKPCNGVWK2QNKGTVG2NCVVG





4WDGN/QUMCW5QRJKGP-CVJGFTCNGKP0QYIQTQFI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN  )1.&+P1TKIKPCNGVWK2QNKGTVG2NCVVG





4WDGN/QUMCW5QRJKGP-CVJGFTCNGKP0QYIQTQFI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN  )1.&+P1TKIKPCNGVWK2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



7288 7287 (Pd)

7287 (Pd)



 4WDGN  .GPKPITCF 5VCPFDKNF 8NCFKOKTU FGU )TQ­JGT\QIU XQP -KGY  I HGKP (D    5EJN 2#..#&+7/+P1TKIKPCNGVWK2QNKGTVG2NCVVG





 4WDGN  /QUMCW /CTK·*KOOGNHCJTVU-CVJGFTCNG FGU -TGON KP /QUMCW  I (GKPIQNF   (D5EJN )1.&2QNKGTVG2NCVVG

 127


LOTS UND SAMMLUNGEN

7289 (Pd)



4WDGN.GPKPITCF+XCP+++IHGKP(D5EJN  2#..#&+7/+P1TKIKPCNGVWK2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



.16570&5#//.70)'0 4755+5%*'4/ª0<'070&/'&#+..'0 

-CVJCTKPC ++  -W -QRGMGP  Z  Z  Z   Z   Z   Z  /ÒP\UV·VVG 'MCVGTKPDWTI -W -QRGMGP   /ÒP\UV·VVG   5W\WP -QN[XCP -W-QRGMGP/ÒP\UV·VVG#PPKPUMQ[G  5VÒEM/GKUVUGJTUEJÌP





'PVH·NNV



-NGKPG5COONWPIXQPFKXGTUGP/GFCKNNGPKP$TQP\G<KPPWPF$NGKOKV$G\WICWHFKG$GHTGKWPIUMTKGIG 5VÒEM5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





#NGZCPFGT ++  -W-QRGMG  'MCVGTKPDWTI  9CTUEJCW -W&GPG\JMC    9CTUEJCW$KVMKP 5VÒEM5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





#NGZCPFGT +++   4WDGN  +P 752NCUVKMJQNFGT FGT 0)% OKV FGT $GYGTVWPI #7         +P 752NCUVKMJQNFGT FGT 0)% OKV FGT $GYGTVWPI #7    CNNG /ÒP\   UV·VVG5V2GVGTUDWTI 5VÒEM)1.&5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ 



0KMQNCWU ++   4WDGN   Z #NNG/ÒP\UV·VVG5V2GVGTUDWTI+PUIGUCOV I(GKPIQNF$KVMKP Z (D Z 5EJN Z   5VÒEM)1.&5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



4WDGN +P752NCUVKMJQNFGTFGT#0#OKVFGT$GYGTVWPI/5  +P 752NCUVKMJQNFGTFGT#0#%5OKVFGT$GYGTVWPI#7 CNNG/ÒP\UV·VVG5V2GVGTUDWTI  5VÒEM)1.&5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



 4WDGN    +P 752NCUVKMJQNFGT FGT 0)% OKV FGT $GYGTVWPI /5    +P 75   2NCUVKMJQNFGTFGT0)%OKVFGT$GYGTVWPI/5 CNNG/ÒP\UV·VVG5V2GVGTUDWTI  5VÒEM)1.&5GJTUEJÌPp5VGORGNINCP\





4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTI $KVMKP&CX -QRGMGP5V2GVGTUDWTI $KVMKP &C\W 5QYLGVWPKQP4WDGN.GPKPITCF &CX  5VÒEM8QT\ÒINKEJ





 -QRGMGP  5V 2GVGTUDWTI  I &C\W Z  -QRGMGP  5V 2GVGTUDWTI  I WPF   I$KVMKP 4  4Z  5VÒEM48QT\ÒINKEJ





#NNIGOGKP .QV XQP  &GPIK FGU  ,CJTJWPFGTVU W C XQP 0QYIQTQF WPF 2UMQY +PVGTGUUCPVGU   .QVDKVVGDGUKEJVKIGP 5VÒEM5GJTUEJÌP





-NGKPG5COONWPIXQP6TQRHMQRGMGPFGU,CJTJWPFGTVU





.QVXQPTWUUKUEJKUNCOKUEJGP/ÒP\RT·IWPIGPKP-WRHGT Z WPF5KNDGT Z +PVGTGUUCPVGU.QVDKVVG DGUKEJVKIGP 5VÒEM(TCIOGPV Z HCUVUGJTUEJÌP





-NGKPG5COONWPIXQPTWUUKUEJGP5KNDGTOÒP\GPFGU,CJTJWPFGTVUXQPFGT6TQRHMQRGMGDKU\WO 4WDGNFCTWPVGT\CJNTGKEJGDGUUGTG,CJTI·PIGWPF6[RGPUQYKGVGKNYGKUGJÒDUEJG3WCNKV·VGP&C\W /GFCKNNGPFGT<CTGP\GKV*QEJKPVGTGUUCPVGU1DLGMVDKVVGDGUKEJVKIGP 5VÒEM5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ







5VÒEM/GKUVUGJTUEJÌP



7OHCPITGKEJG 5COONWPI XQP TWUUKUEJGP -WRHGTOÒP\GP FGT <CTGP\GKV  ,CJTJWPFGTV  FCTWPVGT   \CJNTGKEJGUGNVGPG5VÒEMGUQYKGVGKNYGKUGCVVTCMVKXG'TJCNVWPIGP*QEJKPVGTGUUCPVGU1DLGMVDKVVGDGUKEJ VKIGP 5VÒEM5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ 



-NGKPG 5COONWPI XQP TWUUKUEJGP /ÒP\GP FGU  ,CJTJWPFGTVU XQP FGT -W -QRGMG DKU \WO   4WDGN FCTWPVGT KPVGTGUUCPVG 5VÒEMG KP \WO 6GKN CVVTCMVKXGP 'TJCNVWPIGP *QEJKPVGTGUUCPVGU .QV DKVVG   DGUKEJVKIGP 5VÒEM5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ 



&KXGTUG5KNDGTOÒP\GPFGU,CJTJWPFGTVUXQO-QRGMGP5VÒEMDKU\WO4WDGNWC4WDGN      &GPMOCN 0KMQNCWU +   -TÌPWPI      GVE   *QEJKPVGTGUUCPVGU.QVDKVVGDGUKEJVKIGP 5VÒEM6GKNYGKUGOKV(GJNGTPUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ 

128


LOTS 

-NGKPG5COONWPITWUUKUEJGT/ÒP\GPFGU,CJTJWPFGTVUXQPFGT-W-QRGMGDKU\WO4WDGN WC4WDGN $QTQFKPQ &GPMOCN       -TÌPWPI   Z  *QEJKPVGTGUUCPVGU .QV DKVVG DGUKEJVK   IGP 5VÒEM6GKNYGKUGOKV(GJNGTPUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ 



-NGKPG 5COONWPI XQP TWUUKUEJGP -WRHGTOÒP\GP FGU  ,CJTJWPFGTVU XQP FGT 2QNWUEJMC DKU \WO    -QRGMGP5VÒEM FCTWPVGT CWEJ \CJNTGKEJG JÒDUEJG 'TJCNVWPIGP *QEJKPVGTGUUCPVGU 1DLGMV DKVVG   DGUKEJVKIGP 5VÒEM(CUVUGJTUEJÌPpHCUV5VGORGNINCP\





7OHCPITGKEJGU-QPXQNWVXQP/ÒP\GPFGU,CJTJWPFGTVUXQPFGT-W-QRGMGDKU\WO4WDGN WC4WDGN Z  Z GVE+PVGTGUUCPVGU .QVDKVVGDGUKEJVKIGP 5VÒEM5EJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





&KXGTUG -W -QRGMGP5VÒEMG WPF  -QRGMGP5VÒEMG FGU <GKVTCWOGU  FCTWPVGTCWEJGKPG 2T·IWPIHÒT5KDKTKGP 5VÒEM5EJÌPpUGJTUEJÌP





2GVGT ++  4WDGN  5V 2GVGTUDWTI $KVMKP  &CX   -CVJCTKPC ++    4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTI $KVMKP&CX &C\W$CNVKMWO.KVCWGP.KVW -/  5VÒEM5GJTUEJÌP





4WDGN  IGUVQRHVGU .QEJ   IGUVQRHVGU .QEJ   MN -TCV\GT        -QRGMGP-QRGMGP+PVGTGUUCPVGU.QVDKVVGDGUKEJVKIGP  5VÒEM6GKNYGKUGOKV(GJNGTPUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





-W-QRGMGP-W-QRGMGP





4WDGN Z CNNG/ÒP\UV·VVG5V2GVGTUDWTI4WDGN.GPKPITCF-QRGMGP .GPKPITCF&C\W-W-QRGMGP Z CNNG/ÒP\UV·VVG'MCVGTKPDWTI  5VÒEM/GKUVUGJTUEJÌP



-CVJCTKPC ++ -W -QRGMGP  UKEJVDCT ÒDGTRT·IV CWH GKPGO -W -QRGMGP5VÒEM  XQP   2GVGT +++  0KMQNCWU +  -QRGMGP  #NGZCPFGT ++  -QRGMGP   #NNG /ÒP\UV·VVG   5V2GVGTUDWTI 5VÒEM5GJTUEJÌP Z WPFXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





4WDGN      4WDGN 2QNVKPC     4WDGN   -QRGMGP    -QRGMGP-W-QRGMG-W2QNWUEJMC&C\WYGKVGTG/ÒP\G  5VÒEM/GKUVUGJTUEJÌP





'NKUCDGVJ + 4WDGN  /QUMCW 2GVGT +++ 4WDGN  /QUMCW -CVJCTKPC ++ 4WDGN    5V2GVGTUDWTI 5VÒEM5EJÌPpUGJTUEJÌP





2CWN +  4WDGN  5V 2GVGTUDWTI &CX   0KMQNCWU ++  4WDGN    5V 2GVGTUDWTI &CX   #NGZCPFGT ++  4WDGN  5V 2GVGTUDWTI &CX     #NGZCPFGT+++4WDGN5V2GVGTUDWTICWHUGKPG-TÌPWPI &CX   5VÒEM(CUVUGJTUEJÌPpHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ

 



5VÒEM/GKUVUGJTUEJÌP



-QRGMGPCNNG/ÒP\UV·VVG5V2GVGTUDWTI



 -QRGMGP    -QRGMGP   -QRGMGP  CNNG /ÒP\UV·VVG 5V 2GVGTUDWTI &C\W   5KNDGTLGVQP -TÌPWPI  5VÒEM5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

5VÒEM8QT\ÒINKEJCWURQNKGTVGT2NCVVG





4WDGNCNNG/ÒP\UV·VVG5V2GVGTUDWTI$KVMKP(D  5VÒEM)1.&*GPMGNURWT Z 2TQDKGTURWT Z UQPUVUGJTUEJÌP





4WDGN    -QRGMGP   -QRGMGP  -W -QRGMGP  -W -QRGMGP    -W-QRGMGP-/-W-QRGMG'/ Z -W-QRGMG -W-QRGMG 5VÒEM/GKUVUGJTUEJÌPWPFDGUUGT





-NGKPG 5COONWPI XQP TWUUKUEJGP /GFCKNNGP FGU  ,CJTJWPFGTVU FCTWPVGT KPVGTGUUCPVG 5VÒEMG KP   VGKNYGKUGJÒDUEJGP3WCNKV·VGP&C\WGKPG#PUVGEMPCFGNXQP+PVGTGUUCPVGU.QVDKVVGDGUKEJVKIGP  5VÒEM5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





$TQP\GOGFCKNNG  CWH FKG 'TQDGTWPI *CFTKCPQRGNU FWTEJ )GPGTCN &KGDKVUEJ $TQP\GOGFCKNNG    CWH FKG KPVGTPCVKQPCNG #WUUVGNNWPI 5KNDGTOGFCKNNG  2TGKU HÒT /CNGTGK WPF #TEJKVGMVWT HÒT   # 9 -CTPKMQY 6TCIDCTG XGTUKNDGTVG /GUUKPIOGFCKNNG  -WVUEJMKP  CWH FKG (GDTWCTTGXQNWVKQP   5KNDGTOGFCKNNG 2GVGT++ 0GWRT·IWPIXQP 5VÒEM5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





5COONWPIXQPXKGT)QNFOGFCKNNGPKPRQNKGTVGT2NCVVGCWHHQNIGPFG2GTUÌPNKEJMGKVGP.GY0KMQNCLGYKVUEJ

  +NLC ,GHKOQYKVUEJ 4GRKP   #PPC 2CYNQYPC   9CNGPVKPC 9NCFKOK   TQYPC6GTGUEJMQYC IGDQTGP +PUIGUCOVI(GKPIQNF 5VÒEM)1.&2QNKGTVG2NCVVG 



+PVGTGUUCPVG 5COONWPI <KPP5WKVGPOGFCKNNGP XQP + $ )CUU 5 ,WFKP D\Y 6 +YCPQHH CWH FKG TWUUK   UEJGP )TQ­HÒTUVGP 4WTKM Z 5GTKGPPWOOGTP     +IQT Z 5GTKGPPWOOGT   5YLCVQUNCY +  

Z5GTKGPPWOOGTP WPF,CTQRQNM Z5GTKGPPWOOGT #WHFGP8QTFGTUGKVGPKUVFCU IGJCTPKUEJVG$TWUVDKNFFGULGYGKNKIGP*GTTUEJGTUTFCTIGUVGNNVFKG4ÒEMUGKVGP\GKIGPDGFGWVGPFG'TGKI PKUUG CWU FGTGP 4GIKGTWPIU\GKVGP EC  OO  I &KCMQX          5VÒEM/GKUVXQT\ÒINKEJ 



.QVXQP\YGKWPDGUVKOOVGPTWUUKUEJGP9GTVOCTMGP\WWPF-QRGMGP  5VÒEM5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

 129


EINE NOWGORODER GRIVNA

7328

$'.#475 

4GRWDNKMUGKV4WDGN(CNMGI(GKPIQNF(D

)1.&2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



7329

-4+/ 

5JCNKO )KTC[  -W -QRGMGP   4GIKGTWPIULCJT  $CEJVUEJKUCTCK  I   $KVMKP 4 &KCMQXXCT 4  45GJTUEJÌP



7330



-W-QRGMG 4GIKGTWPIULCJT $CEJVUEJKUCTCKI$KVMKPXCT 4 &KCMQXXCT 4  45GJTUEJÌP



6#6#4'0 

.QVXQPVCVCTKUEJGP2T·IWPIGPFGU,CJTJWPFGTVU

5VÒEM5GJTUEJÌP



7332

'+0'019)141&'4)4+80#  130

5EJOCNGT $CTTGP UQIGPCPPVGT 0QYIQTQFGT )TKXPC EC  ,CJTJWPFGTV  .·PINKEJG (QTO OKV   GKPIGTKV\VGP-GTDGPZOOI5RCUUMK5HH 445GJTUEJÌP 


BELGIEN

'7412+5%*')1.&/ª0<'070&/'&#+..'0

7501 7502

7502

#.$#0+'0 

<QIW+(TCPMGP44QO5MCPFGTDGII(GKPIQNF(D5EJN  9KP\2TQDKGTURWTCO4CPFXQT\ÒINKEJ



(TCPMGP44QOI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN

 9KP\2TQDKGTURWTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

 

7504 7505

7503

  

(TCPMGP44QOI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN (TCPMGP44QOI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN (TCPMGP44QOI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN

1,5:1

  

1,5:1

$#.6+-7/

.+6#7'0 

7506

8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\ (CUV5VGORGNINCP\ 8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\

,QJCPP %CUKOKT XQP 2QNGP  &WMCV8KNPKWUI$ÒUVGTOKV.QTDGGTMTCP\ FCTWPVGT FKG 5KIPCVWT Û 6 Û . Û $ Û 6KVWU .KXKWU $QTCV[PK /ÒP\OGKUVGT  4GKVGT N OKV   GTJQDGPGO 5EJYGTV FCTWPVGT *-2. *KGTQPKO -KTU\GPUVGKP 2QFUMCTDK .KVGYUMK 5EJCV\OGKUVGT KP   .KVCWGP (D-QRKEMK 4  44.GKEJVIGYGNNVUGJTUEJÌP 

7508 7507

$4#$#06

7507

$'.)+'0



2JKNKRRFGT)WVG.KQPF QTQ,/GEJGNGPI&GNO(D  #VVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT





2JKNKRR FGT 5EJÌPG   (NQTKP F QT CW 5V 2JKNKRRG Q , #PVYGTRGPI&GNO (D -N5EJÒTHURWTUGJTUEJÌP

 131


BELGIEN

7510

7509

7512

7511



-CTN8 -CTN+XQP5RCPKGP 4GCNF QTQ,  #PVYGTRGPI&GNO (D #VVTCMVKXGU'ZGORNCTUGJTUEJÌP





4GCNF QTQ,  #PVYGTRGPI&GNO(D

5GJTUEJÌP





4GCNF QTQ,  #PVYGTRGPI&GNO(D  #VVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT





%QWTQPPGF QTCWUQNGKN#PVYGTRGPI&GNO(D  #VVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT



7513

7515

7514



2JKNKRR+8XQP5RCPKGP5QWXGTCKPF QT#PVYGTRGPI&GNO 4 (D  8QT\ÒINKEJ



5QWXGTCKPF QT$TÒUUGNI&GNO 4 (D



-CTN++XQP5RCPKGP5QWXGTCKPF QT &WMCVQPF QT $TÒUUGNI%#41.Û ++ Û & Û ) Û *+52 Û '6 Û +0&+#4 Û 4': )GJCTPKUEJVGU $TWUVDKNF T OKV WOIGNGIVGO /CPVGN$4#   $#0Û<EÛÛ#4%*+&Û#856Û&8:Û$84)Û<YGK.ÌYGPJCNVGPFCUIGMTÌPVG9CRRGP WOJGTFKG-GVVGFGU1TFGPUXQP)QNFGPGP8NKGU&GNO 4 (D  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV/GJTGTGMN4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ 

132

 #VVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT

 


BELGIEN

7516

1,5:1



1,5:1

2JKNKRR8XQP5RCPKGP5QWXGTCKPF QT#PVYGTRGPI2*+.8Û&Û)Û *+52Û'6+0&Û4':)GMTÌPVGUWPFIGJCTPKUEJVGU$TWUVDKNFTOKVWOIGNGIVGO/CPVGNWPFFGT-GVVG FGU1TFGPUXQO)QNFGPGP8NKGUÛ$74)70&Û&7:$4#$#06Û<%)GMTÌPVGU9CRRGP WOJGTFKG-GVVGFGU1TFGPUXQO)QNFGPGP8NKGU&GNO 4 (D 44(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ 

7517

(.#0&'40 

7517 1,5:1

-CTN++XQP5RCPKGP5QWXGTCKPF QT &WMCVQPF QT $TÒIIGI%#41.Û++ Û&Û)Û*+52Û'6Û+0&+#4Û4':)GJCTPKUEJVGU$TWUVDKNFTOKVWOIGNIVGO/CPVGNWPFFGT-GVVG FGU1TFGPUXQO)QNFGPGP8NKGUFCTWPVGT/ÒP\\GKEJGP.KNKG#4%*+&Û#856&8:Û$84)%Û (.#0&Û<%ÛÛ<YGK.ÌYGPJCNVGPFCUIGMTÌPVG9CRRGP&CX&GNO  448QT\ÒINKEJ 

7518

7519

7518

61740#+ 

#NDGTVWPF+UCDGNNC&QWDNG#NDGTVKPI&GNO(D  5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



5QWXGTCKPF QTI&GNO 4 (D

5GJTUEJÌP

  133


BELGIEN

7521

7520

1,5:1



2JKNKRR+8XQP5RCPKGP%QWTQPPGF QTI&GNO(D  4#VVTCMVKXGU'ZGORNCTUGJTUEJÌP



-¤0+)4'+%*$'.)+'0 

.GQRQNF+(TCPEU$TÒUUGNI(GKPIQNF(D/QTKP5EJN  442TCEJVGZGORNCTXQPHGKPUVGT'TJCNVWPI5VGORGNINCP\



7523

7522





7522

(TCPEU$TÒUUGNCWHFKG8GTO·JNWPIFGU6JTQPHQNIGTU.GQRQNF UR·VGT.GQRQNF++ OKV2TKP \GUUKP/CTKG*GPTKGVVGXQP¤UVGTTGKEJI(GKPIQNF(D/QTKP/5EJN  440WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



 (TCPEU  $TÒUUGN  I (GKPIQNF /KV 5KIPCVWT . 9+00'4 CO *CNUCDUEJPKVV (D    /QTKPF5EJN 44(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ 

7524

7525

7526

7527



.GQRQNF++(TCPEU$TÒUUGNI(GKPIQNF(D/QTKP5EJN  9KP\4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP





(TCPEU$TÒUUGNI(GKPIQNF(D/QTKP5EJN

5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





(TCPEU$TÒUUGNI(GKPIQNF(D/QTKP5EJN

8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





#NDGTV +   (TCPEU  $TÒUUGN  I (GKPIQNF /KV HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT CWH FGO -QRH   UVGJGPFGT4CPFUEJTKHV(D/QTKPD5EJN 9KP\4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\

134




BULGARIEN

7528

$7.)#4+'0 

(GTFKPCPF.GYC-$-TGOPKV\I(GKPIQNF(D5EJN  -N-TCV\GTXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



7530 7531

7529



.GYC-$-TGOPKV\I(GKPIQNF(D5EJN

(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





.GYC-$-TGOPKV\I(GKPIQNF(D5EJN

5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





.GYC-$-TGOPKV\I(GKPIQNF(D5EJN

5GJTUEJÌP



7532

7534

7535

7533



 .GYC  9KGP CWH UGKP L·JTKIGU 4GIKGTWPIULWDKN·WO WPF CWH FKG 7PCDJ·PIKIMGKVUGTMN·TWPI   CO1MVQDGT PCEJLWNKCPKUEJGO-CNGPFGT5GRVGODGT I(GKPIQNF(D5EJN 1TKIKPCNRT·IWPI9KP\4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ 



 .GYC  9KGP CWH UGKP L·JTKIGU 4GIKGTWPIULWDKN·WO WPF CWH FKG 7PCDJ·PIKIMGKVUGTMN·TWPI   CO1MVQDGT PCEJLWNKCPKUEJGO-CNGPFGT5GRVGODGT I(GKPIQNF(D5EJN 1TKIKPCNRT·IWPI5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ 



.GYC9KGPCWHUGKPL·JTKIGU4GIKGTWPIULWDKN·WOWPFCWHFKG7PCDJ·PIKIMGKVUGTMN·TWPICO  1MVQDGT  PCEJ LWNKCPKUEJGO -CNGPFGT  5GRVGODGT    I (GKPIQNF (D  5EJN    1TKIKPCNRT·IWPI#VVTCMVKXGUXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT



8QNMUTGRWDNKMCD.GYC5V#NGZCPFGT0GXUMK-CVJGFTCNGKP5QHKCI(GKPIQNF (D5EJN 2QNKGTVG2NCVVG





135


FINNLAND

7536

7536

&0'/#4-

-¤0+)4'+%* 

7537

%JTKUVKCP+8&WMCV-QRGPJCIGP*GDT·GTFWMCVI(D*GFG  5EJÌPG)QNFRCVKPCOKPIGYGNNVUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



%JTKUVKCP8&WMCVQ,-QRGPJCIGPI(D*GFG  9KP\2TQDKGTURWTCO4CPFHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



+O ,CJTG  IGTKGV &·PGOCTM OKV FGO -ÌPKITGKEJ 5EJYGFGP CDGTOCNU KP GKPGP -TKGI FGT FGO .CPF JGTDG   8GTNWUVG GKPDTKPIGP UQNNVG 0CEJ FGT -TKGIUGTMN·TWPI FGT 5EJYGFGP FTCPI FGTGP (GNFJGTT .GPPCTV 6QTUVGPUUQP   \WP·EJUVPCEJ*QNUVGKPGKPWPFGTQDGTVGGUOKV#WUPCJOGFGT(GUVWPIGP4GPFUDWTIWPF)NÒEMUVCFV5R·VGTTÒEMVGGT OKV 'THQNI PCEJ ,ÒVNCPF XQT <WFGO YWTFG FKG F·PKUEJG (NQVVG XQP UEJYGFKUEJGP WPF JQNN·PFKUEJGP 5EJKHHGP JCTV   DGFT·PIV +O  IGUEJNQUUGPGP (TKGFGP XQP $TÌOUGDTQ JGWVG 6GKN XQP -CTNUMTQPC  OW­VG &·PGOCTM FKG   2TQXKP\GP ,·OVNCPF WPF *·TLGFCNGP UQYKG FKG+PUGNP)QVNCPFWPF¤UGNCP5EJYGFGPCDVTGVGP5GKVYWTFGPKP FGT /ÒP\UV·VVG \W -QRGPJCIGP KO #WHVTCI XQP -ÌPKI %JTKUVKCP +8 )QNFOÒP\GP \W   WPF „ &WMCVGP UQYKG   5KNDGTOÒP\GP \W  WPF  /CTM WPVGT #WHUKEJV FGU 4GKEJU*QHOGKUVGTU %QTHKV\ 7NHGNFV IGRT·IV FKG VTCFKVKQPGNN CNU   *GDT·GTDG\GKEJPGVYGTFGP&GTXQNMUVÒONKEJG0COGFKGUGT2T·IWPIGPDGTWJVFCTCWHFCUUKJTG4ÒEMUGKVGKPVGKNU JGDT·KUEJGP$WEJUVCDGPFKG#WHUEJTKHV,75675,GJQXC,7&': FGT*GTTKUVGKPIGTGEJVGT4KEJVGT VT·IVOKV FGOFGTF·PKUEJG-ÌPKIUGKPGP2TQVGUVIGIGPFGP(TKGFGPUDTWEJWPFFGP'KPOCTUEJFGT5EJYGFGP\WO#WUFTWEM DTKPIGP YQNNVG &KG 2T·IWPI GPVURTGEJGPFGT 5KNDGTOÒP\GP GTHQNIVG \YKUEJGP  WPF  FKG #WUICDG FGT   IQNFGPGP*GDT·GTYWTFGDKUHQTVIGUGV\V



7538

7539



&WMCV-QRGPJCIGPI(D*GFG 4 

 4.GKEJVIGYGNNVYKP\4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP





(TGFGTKM8-WTCPV&WMCV /CTM -QRGPJCIGPI(D*GFG#  5GJTUEJÌP



7541

7540

7540

&0+5%*9'56+0&+'0 

%JTKUVKCP+:(TCPEU &CNGT -QRGPJCIGPI(GKPIQNF(D*GFG 5EJN 5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



(TCPEU &CNGT -QRGPJCIGPI(GKPIQNF(D*GFG5EJN



(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





4GRWDNKMUGKV'WTQ Z /KVVGTPCEJVUUQPPGI(GKPIQNF(D  5VÒEMZKP1TKIKPCNGVWK2QNKGTVG2NCVVG





'WTQ)GDWTVUVCIXQP#NDGTV'FGNHGNVI(GKPIQNF(D



7542

7543

(+00.#0&

136

2QNKGTVG2NCVVG


FRANKREICH

7544

2:1

2:1

(4#0-4'+%*/'419+0)'4 $#00#%+#%7/ $#0755#%  

6TKGPU  I /#:+/+0Û85 /1 $TWUVDKNF T OKV &KCFGO$#00#%#%1(++ -GNEJ $GNHQTV    448QT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT 

7545

1,5:1

1,5:1

70$'56+//6'/ª0<5666' 

6TKGPU  I &8%8#4 $TWUVDKNF T OKV &KCFGO41*'.+*5# -TGW\ CWH 5VWHGP $GNHQTV p   8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV5EJGKPVWPGFKGTV5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ 

1,5:1



1,5:1

7546

6TKGPUI1%1%-QRHN+P2GTNMTGKU-TGW\N++T8$GNHQTVXGTIN  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



&KG4ÒEMUGKVG·JPGNVFGTGKPGU5VÒEMGUCWUFGO(WPFXQP&TQPTKLR &KTMU,.C6TQWXCKNNGFG&TQPT[RGP(TKUG KP 4$0  2N #   DGK FGO FGT #XGTU GPVYGFGT XÌNNKI XGTRT·IV QFGT XGTUEJNKHHGP YCT ,GPGU 5VÒEM HÒJTV   $GNHQTVWPVGT/CKP\CWHOÌINKEJGTYGKUGJCPFGNVGUUKEJWOGKPGHTKGUKUEJG+OKVCVKQP&KG#PICDG++8 8++ OGKPV UKGDGP5KNKSWCGFCU5VÒEMY·TGCNUQWPVGTIGYKEJVKIYCUGJGTHÒTGKPGHTKGUKUEJG+OKVCVKQPURTGEJGPMÌPPVG

7547

-¤0+)4'+%*

7548

7549

7550

(4#0-4'+%*



2JKNKRRG8+4Q[CNF QTQ,  I&WRNGUU[(D

(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





'EWF QT¯NCEJCKUGQ,  'OKUUKQPI&WRNGUU[(D  #VVTCMVKXGUXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT





'EWF QT¯NCEJCKUGQ,  'OKUUKQPI&WRNGUU[(D

5GJTUEJÌP





,GCPNG$QP/QWVQPF QTQ,  I&WRNGUU[(D  -N2T·IGUEJY·EJGUGJTUEJÌP

 137


FRANKREICH

7551

7552

7554

7553



/QWVQPF QTQ,  I&WRNGUU[(D

5GJTUEJÌP





/QWVQPF QTQ,  I&WRNGUU[(D

.GKEJVG(CUUWPIUURWTGPUGJTUEJÌP





(TCPE¯EJGXCNQ,  I&WRNGUU[(D

.GKEJVG2T·IGUEJY·EJGUGJTUEJÌP





(TCPE¯EJGXCNQ,  I&WRNGUU[(D

/KPIGYGNNVUGJTUEJÌP



7556

7555

7555



(TCPE¯EJGXCNQ,  I&WRNGUU[(D

/KPIGYGNNVHCUVUGJTUEJÌP





(NQTKPF QTQ,  HÒTFCU.CPIWGFQEI&WRNGUU[(D)CODGTKPK  45GJTUEJÌP



7557

7558

7559

7560



%JCTNGU8(TCPE¯RKGFQ,  I&WRNGUU[(D

5GJTUEJÌP





(TCPE¯RKGFQ,  I&WRNGUU[(D

5GJTUEJÌP





(TCPE¯RKGFQ,  I&WRNGUU[(D

-N4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP





%JCTNGU 8+  'EW F QT ¯ NC EQWTQPPG Q ,    'OKUUKQP WPDGUVKOOVG /ÒP\UV·VVG   I&WRNGUU[(D 8QT\ÒINKEJ

138




FRANKREICH

7562

7561

7563

7564



'EWF QT¯NCEQWTQPPGQ,  'OKUUKQPWPDGUVKOOVG/ÒP\UV·VVGI&WRNGUU[(D .GKEJVDGTKGDGPUGJTUEJÌP





'EWF QT¯NCEQWTQPPGQ,  'OKUUKQP/QPVRGNNKGTI&WRNGUU[$(D  5GJTUEJÌP





'EWF QT¯NCEQWTQPPGQ,  'OKUUKQP2CTKUI&WRNGUU[$(D  (CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





'EWF QT¯NCEQWTQPPGQ,  'OKUUKQP4QOCPUI&WRNGUU[$(D  $TGKVGT5EJTÌVNKPIUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



7565

7566



'EWF QT¯NCEQWTQPPGQ,  'OKUUKQP#PIGTUI&WRNGUU[%(D  -PCRRGT5EJTÌVNKPIUGJTUEJÌP





'EWF QT¯NCEQWTQPPGQ,  'OKUUKQP%T¾OKGWI&WRNGUU[%(D  $TGKVGT5EJTÌVNKPIOKPIGYGNNVUGJTUEJÌPXQT\ÒINKEJ



7567

7568

7569

7570



'EWF QT¯NCEQWTQPPGQ,  'OKUUKQP2CTKUI&WRNGUU[&(D  5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





*GPTK8+F #PINGVGTTG5CNWVF QTQ,  'OKUUKQP4QWGPI&WRNGUU[ #(D 5GJTUEJÌP





5CNWVF QTQ,  'OKUUKQP4QWGPI&WRNGUU[#(D  'VYCUDGUEJPKVVGPUGJTUEJÌP





%JCTNGU8++'EWF QT¯NCEQWTQPPGQ,  6[R'OKUUKQP2CTKUI&W RNGUU[(D 8QT\ÒINKEJ

 139


FRANKREICH

7572

7571

7574

7573



'EWF QT¯NCEQWTQPPGQ,  6[R'OKUUKQP.C4QEJGNNGI&WRNGUU[#(D 5GJTUEJÌP





%JCTNGU8+++'EWF QTCWUQNGKNQ,  'OKUUKQP$QWTIGUI&WRNGUU[ (D 9KP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP





'EWF QTCWUQNGKNQ,  'OKUUKQP$QWTIGUI&WRNGUU[(D

5GJTUEJÌP





'EWF QTCWUQNGKNQ,  'OKUUKQP5CKPV.ÊI&WRNGUU[(D  /KPIGYGNNVXQT\ÒINKEJ



7576

7575



'EWF QTCWUQNGKNQ,  'OKUUKQP6QWTUI&WRNGUU[(D  5GJTCVVTCMVKXGUXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT





'EWF QTCWUQNGKNQ,  'OKUUKQP6QWTUI&WRNGUU[(D



7577

7578

7579

5GJTUEJÌP

7580



'EWF QTCWUQNGKNQ,  'OKUUKQP2QKVKGTUI&WRNGUU[#(D  -N4CPFHGJNGTGVYCUIGYGNNVUGJTUEJÌP





'EWF QTCWUQNGKNQ,  'OKUUKQP6QWNQWUGI&WRNGUU[#(D  4/KPIGYGNNVMN4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP





.QWKU:++'EWF QTCWUQNGKNQ,  .[QPI&WRNGUU[(D  *ÒDUEJG)QNFRCVKPCUGJTUEJÌP





'EWF QTCWUQNGKNQ,  .[QPI&WRNGUU[(D



140

5GJTUEJÌP


FRANKREICH

7583

7584



'EWF QTCWUQNGKNQ,  2QKVKGTUI&WRNGUU[(D

/KPIGYGNNVUGJTUEJÌP





'EWF QTCWRQTE¾RKEQ,  $QTFGCWZI&WRNGUU[(D

5GJTUEJÌP





'EWF QTCWRQTE¾RKEQ,  /QPVRGNNKGTI&WRNGUU[(D  .GKEJVIGYGNNVUGJTUEJÌP





'EWF QTCWRQTE¾RKEQ,  /ÒP\\GKEJGPWPFGWVNKEJI&WRNGUU[(D

7581

7582

7585

 5GJTUEJÌP



7586



(TCP¼QKU+'EWF QTCWUQNGKNQ,  6[R'OKUUKQP.[QPI&WRNGUU[ (D 5GJTUEJÌP





'EWF QTCWUQNGKNQ,  6[R'OKUUKQP$QWTIGUI&WRNGUU[(D  .GKEJVG-PKEMURWTUGJTUEJÌP



7587

7588

7589

7590



'EWF QTCWUQNGKNQ,  6[R'OKUUKQP.[QPI&WRNGUU[(D  (CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





'EWF QTCWUQNGKNQ,  6[R'OKUUKQP.[QPI&WRNGUU[(D

5GJTUEJÌP





'EWF QTCWUQNGKNQ,  6[R'OKUUKQP6QWNQWUGI&WRNGUU[(D  (CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





'EWF QTCWUQNGKNQ,  6[R'OKUUKQP6QWNQWUGI&WRNGUU[(D  -N<CKPGPFGUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

 141


FRANKREICH

7592

7591

7591



'EWF QTCWUQNGKNQ,  6[R'OKUUKQP6QWNQWUGI&WRNGUU[(D  5GJTUEJÌP





'EWF QTCWUQNGKNQ,  6[R'OKUUKQP$C[QPPGI&WRNGUU[(D  45GJTUEJÌP



7593

7594

7595

7596



'EWF QTCWUQNGKNFW&CWRJKP¾Q,  6[R'OKUUKQP%T¾OKGWI&WRNGUU[(D 9KP\5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­UGJTUEJÌP





'EWF QTCWUQNGKNFW&CWRJKP¾Q,  6[R'OKUUKQP4QOCPUI&WRNGUU[(D 5GJTUEJÌP





'EWF QT¯NCETQKUGVVGQ,  6[R&.[QPI&WRNGUU[(D  5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





'EWF QT¯NCETQKUGVVGQ,  6[R/6QWNQWUGI&WRNGUU[(D



7597

7598

7599

5GJTUEJÌP

7600



%JCTNGU+:'EWF QTCWUQNGKN-$QTFGCWZI&WRNGUU[(D  5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





'EW F QT CW UQNGKN  $ 4QWGP /KV %#41.85 +: CWH FGT 8QTFGTUGKVG  I &WRNGUU[    (D 8QT\ÒINKEJ





'EW F QT CW UQNGKN  $ 4QWGP /KV %#41.858++++CWHFGT8QTFGTUGKVGI&WRNGUU[ (D 5GJTUEJÌP





.QWKU:+++'EWF QTCWUQNGKN$4QWGPI&WRNGUU[#(D)CFQWT[ 5EJCTHCWUIGRT·IVGUXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT



142


FRANKREICH

7601

7602

7603

7604



.QWKUF QT#2CTKUI&WRNGUU[(D)CFQWT[



.QWKU:+8.QWKUF QT¯NCO½EJGNQPIWG#2CTKUI&WRNGUU[(D )CFQWT[ -N5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





.QWKUF QT¯NCO½EJGNQPIWG2&KLQPI&WRNGUU[(D)CFQWT[  4(CUUWPIUURWTGPUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





.QWKUF QT¯NCV¿VGPWG&.[QPI&WRNGUU[(D)CFQWT[  4-N$GCTDGKVWPIUUVGNNGCO4CPFUGJTUEJÌP



7605

5GJTUEJÌP



7606



.QWKUF QT¯NCRGTTWSWGGVCWZJWKV...KNNGI&WRNGUU[#(D)CFQWT[ 4(CUUWPIUURWTGPUGJTUEJÌP





.QWKUF QT¯N ¾EW0/QPVRGNNKGTI4¾HQTOCVKQP&WRNGUU[#(D)CFQWT[ 5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



7607

7608

7609

7610



.QWKUF QTCWZSWCVTG.#2CTKU4¾HQTOCVKQPI&WRNGUU[#(D)CFQWT[ ,CJTGU\CJNWPFGWVNKEJHCUVUGJTUEJÌP





.QWKUF QTCWZSWCVTG.&.[QP4¾HQTOCVKQPI&WRNGUU[#(D)CFQWT[ 5GJTUEJÌP





.QWKU F QT CWZ SWCVTG .  0 /QPVRGNNKGT 4¾HQTOCVKQP  I &WRNGUU[  # (D  )C   FQWT[ 5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





.QWKU:8.QWKUF QTCWZKPUKIPGU14KQO4¾HQTOCVKQPI&WRNGUU[# (D)CFQWT[ 44#VVTCMVKXGU'ZGORNCTUGJTUEJÌP

 143


FRANKREICH

7611

7612

7613

7614



.QWKUF QTCWZFGWZ.#2CTKUI&WRNGUU[(D)CFQWT[  445GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





.QWKUF QTOKTNKVQP9.KNNGI&WRNGUU[#(D)CFQWT[  ,WUVKGTURWTGPCO4CPFIGTGKPKIVUGJTUEJÌP





.QWKUF QTOKTNKVQP-$QTFGCWZI&WRNGUU[(D)CFQWT[  .GKEJVLWUVKGTVUGJTUEJÌPXQT\ÒINKEJ





.QWKUF QTCWZNWPGVVGU#2CTKUI&WRNGUU[(D)CFQWT[  9KP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



7615

7616

7617



.QWKUF QTCWZNWPGVVGU#2CTKUI&WRNGUU[(D)CFQWT[

5GJTUEJÌP





.QWKUF QTCWZNWPGVVGU&.[QPI&WRNGUU[(D)CFQWT[  -N5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP





.QWKUF QTCWZNWPGVVGU-$QTFGCWZI&WRNGUU[(D)CFQWT[  #VVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT



7618

7619

7620

7621



.QWKUF QTCWZNWPGVVGU#2CTKUI&WRNGUU[(D)CFQWT[

5GJTUEJÌP





.QWKUF QTCWZNWPGVVGU-$QTFGCWZI&WRNGUU[(D)CFQWT[  #VVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT





.QWKUF QTCWZNWPGVVGU/ÒP\\GKEJGP4GPPGUI&WRNGUU[(D)CFQWT[ #VVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT





.QWKUF QTCWZNWPGVVGU14KQOI&WRNGUU[(D)CFQWT[  'VYCULWUVKGTVUGJTUEJÌP



144


FRANKREICH

7622

7623

7624

7625



.QWKUF QTCWZNWPGVVGU;$QWTIGUI&WRNGUU[(D)CFQWT[

5GJTUEJÌP





.QWKUF QTCWZNWPGVVGU#2CTKUI&WRNGUU[(D)CFQWT[  5GJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT





.QWKUF QTCWZNWPGVVGU#2CTKUI&WRNGUU[(D)CFQWT[

5GJTUEJÌP





.QWKUF QTCWZNWPGVVGU#2CTKUI&WRNGUU[(D)CFQWT[

8QT\ÒINKEJ



7627

7626

7628

7629



.QWKUF QTCWZNWPGVVGU+.KOQIGUI&WRNGUU[(Dp \W )CFQWT[  5GJTUEJÌP





.QWKUF QTCWDCPFGCW#2CTKUI&WRNGUU[(D)CFQWT[

(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





.QWKUF QTCWDCPFGCW#2CTKUI&WRNGUU[(D)CFQWT[

8QT\ÒINKEJ





.QWKUF QTCWDCPFGCW#2CTKUI&WRNGUU[(D)CFQWT[  5GJTCVVTCMVKXGU'ZGORNCTXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



7630

7631

7632



.QWKUF QTCWDCPFGCW2CWI&WRNGUU[(Dp \W )CFQWT[C 5GJTUEJÌP





.QWKU:8+&QWDNGNQWKUF QTCWZNWPGVVGU+.KOQIGUI&WRNGUU[(D )CFQWT[ 4-N5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP





&QWDNGNQWKUF QT¯NCV¿VGPWG&.[QPI&WRNGUU[(D)CFQWT[  8QT\ÒINKEJ

 145


FRANKREICH

7634

7633

7633



&QWDNGNQWKUF QT¯NCV¿VGPWG60CPVGUI&WRNGUU[(D)CFQWT[  9KP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



.QWKUF QT¯NCV¿VGPWG*.C4QEJGNNGI&WRNGUU[(D)CFQWT[

7635

7636

7637

 8QT\ÒINKEJ

 

7638



.QWKUF QT¯NCV¿VGPWG#2CTKUI&WRNGUU[(D)CFQWT[  9KP\,WUVKGTURWTGPXQT\ÒINKEJ





.QWKUF QT¯NCV¿VGPWG#2CTKUI&WRNGUU[(D)CFQWT[  5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





%QPUWNCV   (TCPEU #P    # 2CTKU  I (GKPIQNF (D  )CFQWT[   /C\CTF5EJN 5GJTUEJÌP





(TCPEU#0  #2CTKUI(GKPIQNF(D)CFQWT[/C\CTF5EJN 5GJTUEJÌP



7639

7640

7641

7642



0CRQN¾QP +    (TCPEU #0    # 2CTKU  I (GKPIQNF (D    )CFQWT[/C\CTF5EJN 5GJTUEJÌP



(TCPEU#2CTKUI(GKPIQNF(D)CFQWT[/C\CTF5EJN

 5GJTUEJÌP





(TCPEU#2CTKUI(GKPIQNF(DC)CFQWT[/C\CTF5EJN  5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





(TCPEU#2CTKUI(GKPIQNF(DC)CFQWT[C/C\CTF5EJN  5GJTUEJÌP



146




FRANKREICH

7643

7646

7644

7645



(TCPEU*.C4QEJGNNGI(GKPIQNF(D)CFQWT[/C\CTF5EJN  4.GKEJVLWUVKGTVUGJTUEJÌP





(TCPEU44QOI(GKPIQNF(D)CFQWT[/C\CTFC5EJN  45GJTUEJÌP





.QWKU:8+++(TCPEU9.KNNGI(GKPIQNF(D)CFQWT[ /C\CTF5EJN 2TCEJVGZGORNCT(CUV5VGORGNINCP\





(TCPEU#2CTKUI(GKPIQNF(D)CFQWT[/C\CTF5EJN  (CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



7648

7647



%JCTNGU :   (TCPEU  # 2CTKU  I (GKPIQNF (D )CFQWT[/C\CTF 5EJN 5GJTUEJÌP





(TCPEU#2CTKUI(GKPIQNF(D)CFQWT[/C\CTF5EJN  5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



7649





7650

7649

.QWKU 2JKNKRRG   (TCPEU  # 2CTKU  I (GKPIQNF (D  )CFQWT[    /C\CTF5EJN 5GJTUGNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI .GKEJVLWUVKGTVYKP\4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



0CRQN¾QP +++   (TCPEU  # 2CTKUI(GKPIQNF-NGKPG#WUICDGOKVIGTKHHGNVGO 4CPF(D)CFQWT[/C\CTF5EJN 5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



7651 7652

7652



 (TCPEU  # 2CTKU  I (GKPIQNF -NGKPG #WUICDG OKV IGTKHHGNVGO 4CPF (D  )CFQWT[   /C\CTF5EJN 5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



(TCPEU#2CTKUI(GKPIQNF(D)CFQWT[/C\CTF5EJN  8QT\ÒINKEJ

  147


FRANKREICH

7654

7653 7654



(TCPEU#2CTKUI(GKPIQNF(D)CFQWT[/C\CTF5EJN  8QT\ÒINKEJ





(TCPEU#2CTKUI(GKPIQNF(D)CFQWT[/C\CTF5EJN  8QT\ÒINKEJ



7656 7655

7655



(TCPEU#2CTKUI(GKPIQNF(D)CFQWT[/C\CTF5EJN  8QT\ÒINKEJ





(TCPEU#2CTKUI(GKPIQNF(D)CFQWT[/C\CTF5EJN  5GJTUEJÌP



7658

7657



(TCPEU#2CTKUI(GKPIQNF(D)CFQWT[/C\CTF5EJN  8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





(TCPEU#2CTKUI(GKPIQNF(D)CFQWT[/C\CTF5EJN  9KP\4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP



ex 7660

7659

7661



(TCPEU$$5VTC­DWTII(GKPIQNF(D)CFQWT[/C\CTF5EJN  8QT\ÒINKEJ





(TCPEU$$5VTC­DWTI(TCPEU#2CTKU+PUIGUCOVI(GKPIQNF(D)C FQWT[/C\CTF5EJN 5VÒEM5GJTUEJÌP





(TCPEU$$5VTC­DWTII(GKPIQNF(D)CFQWT[/C\CTFC5EJN 5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



148


FRANKREICH

7662 (Pt)



7663 (Pt)

 (TCPEU  # 2CTKU  I (D  FQTV KP )QNF  (WEJU  /C\CTF  C 5EJN    2.#6+04GUVGCNVGT8GTIQNFWPIUGJTUEJÌP



$GKFKGUGTWPFFGTHQNIGPFGP2NCVKPRT·IWPIJCPFGNVGUUKEJWO\GKVIGPÌUUKUEJG(·NUEJWPIGPFWTEJUVCCVNKEJG/ÒP\ DGCOVG&GT2TGKUHÒT2NCVKPNCI/KVVGFGU,CJTJWPFGTVUFGWVNKEJWPVGTFGO)QNFRTGKU&KG2NCVKPUVÒEMGYWTFGP QHVXGTIQNFGVWPF\WUCOOGPOKVFGPTGIWN·TGP)QNFOÒP\GPINGKEJGP6[RUKP8GTMGJTIGDTCEJV



(TCPEU#2CTKUI(D FQTVKP)QNF (WEJU/C\CTFC5EJN  2.#6+08GTIQNFGVMN-TCV\GTUGJTUEJÌP

7664



7665



(TCPEU#2CTKUI(GKPIQNF(D)CFQWT[/C\CTF5EJN  8QT\ÒINKEJ





(TCPEU#2CTKUI(GKPIQNF(D)CFQWT[/C\CTF5EJN  (CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



7666

7667



(TCPEU#2CTKUI(GKPIQNF(D)CFQWT[/C\CTF5EJN  -N4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ





(TCPEU#2CTKUI(GKPIQNF(D)CFQWT[/C\CTF5EJN  8QT\ÒINKEJ



7668

7670



(TCPEU$$5VTC­DWTII(GKPIQNF(D)CFQWT[/C\CTF5EJN  8QT\ÒINKEJ



(TCPEU#$$$$&C\W4GRWDNKM(TCPEU#4GRWDNKM (TCPEU#+PUIGUCOVI(GKPIQNF(DC  5VÒEM5GJTUEJÌPWPFUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



4GRWDNKM(TCPEU#2CTKUI(GKPIQNF(D)CFQWT[/C\CTF 5EJN 8QT\ÒINKEJ







149


FRANKREICH

7672

7671

7671



(TCPEU#2CTKUI(GKPIQNF(D)CFQWT[/C\CTF5EJN  9KP\-TCV\GTXQT\ÒINKEJ



(TCPEU#2CTKUI(GKPIQNF(D)CFQWT[/C\CTF5EJN



 8QT\ÒINKEJ





(TCPEU#2CTKUI(GKPIQNF(D)CFQWT[/C\CTF5EJN  8QT\ÒINKEJ





(TCPEU#2CTKUI(GKPIQNF(D)CFQWT[/C\CTF5EJN  9KP\4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ



7673

7675

7674

7676



(TCPEU#2CTKUI(GKPIQNF(D)CFQWT[/C\CTF5EJN  5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





 4GRWDNKM UGKV   (TCPEU   6QFGUVCI XQP /CTKG %WTKG  I (GKPIQNF (D    )CFQWT[5EJN 0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV+P1TKIKPCNGVWK2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



7677

7678



 (TCPEU   )GDWTVUVCI XQP ,QUGRJ /CTSWKU FG NC (C[GVVG  I (GKPIQNF (D    )CFQWT[5EJN 2QNKGTVG2NCVVG





(TCPEU/GPUEJGPTGEJVGI(GKPIQNF(D)CFQWT[5EJN



150

2QNKGTVG2NCVVG


FRANKREICH

7680

7679

7679



(TCPEU/GPUEJGPTGEJVGI(GKPIQNF(D)CFQWT[5EJN

 2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



 'WTQ  (+(# (W­DCNN9GNVOGKUVGTUEJCHV  KP &GWVUEJNCPF  I (GKPIQNF (D    )CFQWT[ 2QNKGTVG2NCVVG

 

.165(4#0-4'+%*



-NGKPG 5COONWPI HTCP\ÌUKUEJGT )QNFOÒP\GP JCWRVU·EJNKEJ FGU  ,CJTJWPFGTVU ,GCP NG $QP    /QWVQP F QT Q , (D WPF(TCPE¯EJGXCN (D %JCTNGU8(TCPE¯ RKGF (DZ *GPTK8+5CNWVF QT (D %JCTNGU8+++'EWF QTCW UQNGKN (D'ZGORNCTGCWUFKXGTUGP/ÒP\UV·VVGP .QWKU:++'EWF QTCWUQNGKN (D   WPF 'EW F QT CW RQTE¾RKE (D   (TCPEQKU +  'EW F QT CWUQNGKN (D'Z GORNCTGCWUFKXGTUGP/ÒP\UV·VVGP %JCTNGU+:'EWF QTCWUQNGKN4GPPGU (D  .QWKU:+8.QWKUF QTCWZKPUKIPGU ,CJTGU\CJNUEJNGEJVNGUDCT #KZ (D &C\W (NCPFGTP.WFYKIXQP/CNG%JCKUGF QT (D   5VÒEM'KPKIG5VÒEMGOKV/·PIGNPOGKUVUGJTUEJÌP 



.QWKU:8&QWDNGNQWKUF QTCWDCPFGCW$$ (D .QWKUF QTCWZNWPGVVGU ##6 (DZ .QWKUF QTCWZNWPGVVGU9 (D   5VÒEM#NNGOKV/·PIGNPHCUVUGJTUEJÌP





-NGKPG)QNFOÒP\GPUCOONWPIFGU,CJTJWPFGTVU0CRQN¾QP+(TCPEU#0# 9 Z # Z #(TCPEU####.QWKU:8+++ (TCPEU#9(TCPEU##33#%JCTNGU :(TCPEU#.QWKU2JKNKRRG(TCPEU##0CRQN¾QP+++ (TCPEU$$#(TCPEU$$#(TCPEU$$(TCPEU ###$$#4GRWNKM(TCPE#&C\W/QPCEQ (TCPEU+VCNKGP.KTG// Z +PUIGUCOVI(GKPIQNF  5VÒEM5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ 



4GRWDNKM(TCPEU#0CRQN¾QP+++(TCPEU#4GRWDNKM   (TCPEU  # (D    )CFQWT[    /C\CTF     5EJN+PUIGUCOVI(GKPIQNF 5VÒEM5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

7685

$4'6#)0' 



7686

(4#0-4'+%*('1&#.'5

(TCP¼QKU+'EWF QTCWEJGXCNKGTQ,4GPPGUI&WRNGUU[(D  445GJTUEJÌP



2418'0%' 

,GCPPGFG0GCRNGU(TCPE¯RKGFQ,I(D2QG[F #XCPV

5GJTUEJÌP

 151


GROSSBRITANNIEN

7687

1,5:1

1,5:1

)4+'%*'0.#0& 

)GQTI +   &TCEJOGP  # 2CTKU  I GEWRGIOS AI BASILEUS TWN   ELLHNWN -QRH T FCTWPVGT $#22' ,CJTGU\CJN WPF /ÒP\\GKEJGPBASILEION THS ELLA-   DOS9CRRGPCWHIGMTÌPVGO9CRRGPOCPVGNWPVGPDRAXMAI\YKUEJGP/ÒP\\GKEJGP&KXQ (D5EJN 8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV5GJTUEJÌPXQT\ÒINKEJ 

7688

7689 7690



&TCEJOGP#2CTKUI(GKPIQNF&KXQ(D5EJN

8QT\ÒINKEJ





%QPUVCPVKP ++   &TCEJOGP  JGTCWUIGIGDGP   .G .QENG IGRT·IV \WT 'TKPPG   TWPICPFKG0CVKQPCNG4GXQNWVKQPXQO#RTKNI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN 5VGORGNINCP\





4GRWDNKM  'WTQ  ::8+++ 1N[ORKUEJG 5QOOGTURKGNG KP #VJGP   2CNCUV XQP -PQUUQU   I(GKPIQNF(D 2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



7692

7691

)4155$4+6#00+'0+4.#0& 8'4'+0+)6'5-¤0+)4'+%* 

,COGU+7PKVGQ,  .QPFQP/ÒP\\GKEJGP4QUGI(D5GCD[ #VVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT





7PKVGQ,  .QPFQP/ÒP\\GKEJGP(C­I(D5GCD[  5GNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI8QT\ÒINKEJ



152


GROSSBRITANNIEN

7693 7694

7694



%TQYPQ,  .QPFQP 6QYGTOKPV /ÒP\\GKEJGP6QPPGI(D5GCD[ 5GJTUEJÌP



.CWTGN 7PKVGQFGT5JKNNKPIU Q,  .QPFQP/ÒP\\GKEJGP5RQTGPTCFI(D 5GCD[ ªDGTFWTEJUEJPKVVNKEJGTJCNVGPGU'ZGORNCTOKVIWVCWUIGRT·IVGO2QTVT·V (CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ 

7697

7696

7695





.CWTGN 7PKVG QFGT  5JKNNKPIU  Q ,   .QPFQP /ÒP\\GKEJGP .KNKG  I (D    5GCD[$ 5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ 



.CWTGN 7PKVG QFGT  5JKNNKPIU  Q ,   .QPFQP /ÒP\\GKEJGP .KNKG  I (D    5GCD[% #VVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT 



.CWTGN 7PKVG QFGT  5JKNNKPIU  Q ,   .QPFQP /ÒP\\GKEJGP &TGKDNCVV  I (D    5GCD[$ 4CPFNGKEJVDGTCTDGKVGVGVYCUDGTKGDGPUGJTUEJÌP

7698



7699



%JCTNGU +  7PKVG  5JKNNKPIU  Q ,   .QPFQP /ÒP\\GKEJGP -CNXCTKGPMTGW\   I(D5GCD[ 5EJÌPG)QNFRCVKPCUGJTUEJÌP 



7PKVG 5JKNNKPIU Q,  .QPFQP/ÒP\\GKEJGP.KNKGI(D5GCD[  5EJÌPpUGJTUEJÌP

 153


GROSSBRITANNIEN

7701

7700

7703

7702



9KNNKCO+++WPF/CT[)WKPGC.QPFQP/ÒP\\GKEJGP'NGHCPVWPF$WTIVQTI (D5GCD[ 4(CUUWPIUURWTGPUEJÌP



#PPG)WKPGC.QPFQPI(D5GCD[  5GJTUGNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI#VVTCMVKXGUXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT



 

)WKPGC.QPFQPI(D5GCD[ )WKPGC.QPFQPI(D5GCD[

 

7704



 

45GJTUEJÌP 5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

7705

7706

)GQTIG ++   )WKPGCU   4GIKGTWPIULCJT  .QPFQP  I $ÒUVG N OKV .QTDGGT   MTCP\ FCTWPVGT ' Û + Û % Û  'CUV +PFKC %QORCP[ )GMTÌPVGU XKGTHGNFKIGU 9CRRGP /KV 4CPF   UEJTKHVÛ&'%85Û'6Û686#/'0Û#001Û4')0+Û6'46+1(D5GCD[  4/KPLWUVKGTVHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ  )WKPGCU.QPFQPI(DD5GCD[$ 5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ  )WKPGCU 4GIKGTWPIULCJT .QPFQPI$ÒUVGNOKV.QTDGGTMTCP\)GMTÌPVGUXKGTHGN FKIGU 9CRRGP /KV 4CPFUEJTKHV &'%85 Û '6 Û 686#/'0 Û #001 Û 4')0+ Û 8+%'5+/1 Û   5'%80&1Û(D5GCD[ (CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ 

7708

7707

7708



)GQTIG+++)WKPGC.QPFQPI(D5EJN5GCD[  (CUVUGJTUEJÌP



)WKPGC.QPFQP8KGTVGT6[RI(D5EJN5GCD[

154



5GJTUEJÌP

 


GROSSBRITANNIEN

7710

7709

7711

7712



)WKPGC.QPFQP8KGTVGT6[RI(D5EJN5GCD[

5GJTUEJÌP





)WKPGC.QPFQP5RCFG)WKPGC(ÒPHVGT6[RI(D5GCD[  5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





)WKPGC.QPFQP5RCFG)WKPGC(ÒPHVGT6[RI(D5GCD[  -N5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





)WKPGC.QPFQP5RCFG)WKPGC(ÒPHVGT6[RI(D5EJN5GCD[  5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



7715 7714

7713



)WKPGC.QPFQP5RCFG)WKPGC(ÒPHVGT6[RI(D5EJN5GCD[

 8QT\ÒINKEJ





)WKPGC.QPFQP5RCFG)WKPGC(ÒPHVGT6[RI(D5EJN5GCD[

 5GJTUEJÌP





)WKPGC.QPFQPI(D5EJN5GCD[

(CUVUGJTUEJÌP



7716

7717

7718

7719



)WKPGC.QPFQPI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5GCD[  -N2TÒHURWTCO4CPFUGJTUEJÌP





)WKPGC.QPFQPI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5GCD[

8QT\ÒINKEJ





)WKPGC.QPFQPI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5GCD[

5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





)WKPGC.QPFQP5KGDVGT6[RI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5GCD[  -N4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP

 155


GROSSBRITANNIEN

7720



)QNFOGFCKNNG Q ,   XQP , -KTM WPF 6 9[QP LWP CWH FKG 'TPGPPWPI FGU *GT\QIU 9KNNKCO   (TGFGTKM XQP )NQWEGUVGT \WO -CP\NGT FGT 7PKXGTUKV·V KP %CODTKFIG )GJCTPKUEJVGU $TWUVDKNF T OKV   .QTDGGTMTCP\ WPF WOIGNGIVGO /CPVGN#RQNNQ OKV .GKGT KP FGT .KPMGP UVGJV X X OKV FGT 4GEJVGP   DGMT·P\VGTGKPGP-PCDGPKPTÌOKUEJGT6QICFGTKPFGTNKPMGP*CPFGKPG5EJTKHVTQNNGJ·NV/KV4CPF UEJTKHV 6*1/#5 *'04; 56''. $ Ü # 64+0 Ù %1.. Ù  OO  I $TQYP p 'KOGT p   8GTOWVNKEJWPGFKGTV+P1TKIKPCNGVWK8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\  (ÒT FKGUG ·W­GTUV UGNVGPG /GFCKNNG YWTFG FGT XQP ,QJP -KTM IGUEJCHHGPG NGKEJV OQFKHK\KGTVG 8QTFGTUGKVGPUVGORGN   FGT/GFCKNNGCWHFKG'TPGPPWPIFGU*GT\QIUXQP)TCHVQP\WO-CP\NGTFGT7PKXGTUKV·V%CODTKFIGXGTYGPFGV *GT\QI)TCHVQPUVCTDKO,CJT

7721

7722

7724

7723



5QXGTGKIP.QPFQPI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5GCD[

5GJTUEJÌP





)GQTIG +8  5QXGTGKIP  .QPFQP  I (GKPIQNF (D  5EJN  5GCD[    5GJTUEJÌP





5QXGTGKIP.QPFQPI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5GCD[

5GJTUEJÌP





5QXGTGKIP.QPFQPI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5GCD[  9KP\-TCV\GTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



7725

7726

7726



5QXGTGKIP.QPFQPI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5GCD[  -N4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP



 2QWPFU   4GIKGTWPIULCJT  .QPFQP  I (GKPIQNF /KV 4CPFUEJTKHV (D  5EJN    5GCD[ 440WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV9KP\4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJCWURQNKGTVGT2NCVVG 

156




GROSSBRITANNIEN

7727

7729

7728

7730



5QXGTGKIP.QPFQPI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5GCD[

5GJTUEJÌP





5QXGTGKIP.QPFQPI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5GCD[

5GJTUEJÌP





9KNNKCO+85QXGTGKIP.QPFQPI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5GCD[$ 5GNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI8QT\ÒINKEJ





5QXGTGKIP.QPFQPI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5GCD[$

5GJTUEJÌP



7732

7731



5QXGTGKIP.QPFQPI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5GCD[$

5GJTUEJÌP





5QXGTGKIP.QPFQPI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5GCD[$

5GJTUEJÌP



7733



8KEVQTKC)QNFOGFCKNNG\W)WKPGCU XGTNKGJGP XQP99[QP+UCDGNNC)TG IQT[/GFCKNNG 2T·OKG FGT *CTTQY 5EJQQN HÒT .CVGKPUEJÒNGT #PUKEJV FGU 5EJWNIGD·WFGU#EJV <GKNGP   5EJTKHVWOJGT.QTDGGTMTCP\/KV4CPFITCXWT,1*09#..#%'*1<+'4OOI 'KOGTp 8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV9KP\-TCV\GTXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



4KEJCTF )TGIQT[ UVKHVGVG KO 0QXGODGT  \WO #PFGPMGP CP UGKPG GTUVG )CVVKP +UCDGNNC FKG XQTNKGIGPFG   )QNFOGFCKNNG KO )GYKEJV XQP  )WKPGCU 5KG UQNNVG L·JTNKEJ CP 5EJÒNGT FGT KO 0QTFYGUVGP .QPFQPU IGNGIGPGP   VTCFKVKQPUTGKEJGP *CTTQY 5EJQQN HÒT FKG -QORQUKVKQP NCVGKPKUEJGT 2TQUC XGTNKGJGP YGTFGP #W­GTFGO UVKHVGVG   )TGIQT[ 5VKRGPFKGP HÒT *CTTQY5EJÒNGT HÒT .CVGKPUVWFKGP KP%CODTKFIGWPF1ZHQTF&GTDGTÒJOVGUVG5EJÒNGTFGT 5EJWNGYCT9KPUVQP%JWTEJKNN

7734

7735



5QXGTGKIP.QPFQPI(GKPIQNF(DG5EJN5GCD[

5GJTUEJÌP





5QXGTGKIP.QPFQPI(GKPIQNF(DG5EJN5GCD[

(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ

 157


GROSSBRITANNIEN

7736

7737

7738

7739

7740



5QXGTGKIP.QPFQP;QWPIJGCFI(GKPIQNF(DG5EJN5GCD[

5GJTUEJÌP





5QXGTGKIP.QPFQP;QWPIJGCFI(GKPIQNF(DG5EJN5GCD[  -N4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP





5QXGTGKIP.QPFQP;QWPIJGCFI(GKPIQNF(DG5EJN5GCD[

 5GJTUEJÌP





5QXGTGKIP.QPFQP;QWPIJGCFI(GKPIQNF(DD5EJN5GCD[  -N-TCV\GTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





5QXGTGKIP.QPFQP;QWPIJGCFI(GKPIQNF(DG5EJN5GCD[%

7741

7742

7743

 5GJTUEJÌP

7744



7745



5QXGTGKIP.QPFQP;QWPIJGCFI(GKPIQNF(DG5EJN5GCD[%  5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



5QXGTGKIP.QPFQP;QWPIJGCFI(GKPIQNF(DG5EJN5GCD[%

 5GJTUEJÌP





5QXGTGKIP.QPFQP;QWPIJGCFI(GKPIQNF(DG5EJN5GCD[%

 5GJTUEJÌP





5QXGTGKIP.QPFQP;QWPIJGCFI(GKPIQNF(DD5EJN5GCD[  5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





5QXGTGKIP.QPFQP;QWPIJGCFI(GKPIQNF(DG5EJN5GCD[%  5GJTUEJÌP



7746

7747



7748



5QXGTGKIP.QPFQP;QWPIJGCFI(GKPIQNF(DG5EJN5GCD[%  5GJTUEJÌP





5QXGTGKIP.QPFQP;QWPIJGCFI(GKPIQNF(DG5EJN5GCD[&  (CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





5QXGTGKIP.QPFQP;QWPIJGCFI(GKPIQNF(DG5EJN5GCD[&

158

 5GJTUEJÌP




GROSSBRITANNIEN

7749

7750



5QXGTGKIP.QPFQP;QWPIJGCFI(GKPIQNF(DG5EJN5GCD[&  (CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



5QXGTGKIP.QPFQP;QWPIJGCFI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5GCD[#

7751



7752

 5GJTUEJÌP

 

7753

2QWPFU.QPFQP,WDKNGGJGCFI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5GCD[  2TCEJVGZGORNCTXQPRQNKGTVGP5VGORGNP 9KP\4CPFHGJNGTYKP\-TCV\GTHCUV5VGORGNINCP\





2QWPFU.QPFQP,WDKNGGJGCFI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5GCD[  8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





2QWPFU.QPFQP,WDKNGGJGCFI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5GCD[



7755

8QT\ÒINKEJ

7756

7754

7754



2QWPFU.QPFQP,WDKNGGJGCFI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5GCD[  -N4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



2QWPFU.QPFQP,WDKNGGJGCFI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5GCD[

8QT\ÒINKEJ





2QWPFU.QPFQP,WDKNGGJGCFI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5GCD[  (CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





159


GROSSBRITANNIEN

7757

7758



2QWPFU.QPFQP,WDKNGGJGCFI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5GCD[

5GJTUEJÌP





2QWPFU.QPFQP1NFJGCFI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5GCD[

(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



7760

7759



2QWPFU.QPFQP1NFJGCFI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5GCD[  -N4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP





2QWPFU.QPFQP1NFJGCFI(GKPIQNF(DC5EJN5GCD[  0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV2QNKGTVG2NCVVG 2TQQH



7761

7763



2QWPFU.QPFQP1NFJGCFI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5GCD[



.QV5QXGTGKIP.QPFQP+PUIGUCOVI (GKPIQNF(DDH Z G Z 5EJN  5VÒEM5EJÌPpUGJTUEJÌP



'FYCTF8++2QWPFU.QPFQPI(GKPIQNF/CVVKGTVG2T·IWPI /CVVG2TQQH  (DC5EJN5GCD[ 2QNKGTVG2NCVVGOCVVKGTV





7764

5GJTUEJÌP



7765



2QWPFU.QPFQPI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5GCD[  9KP\4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





2QWPFU.QPFQPI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5GCD[  -N4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP



160


GROSSBRITANNIEN

7768

7766

7767



2QWPFU.QPFQPI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5GCD[

8QT\ÒINKEJ





2QWPFU.QPFQPI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5GCD[  -TCV\GTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





5QXGTGKIP.QPFQPI(GKPIQNF(DC5EJN5GCD[#  9KP\-QPVCMVUVGNNGPRQNKGTVG2NCVVG OCVVKGTV



7770

7769

7772

7771



)GQTIG82QWPFU.QPFQPI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5GCD[  0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV8QPRQNKGTVGP5VGORGNPXQT\ÒINKEJ



)GQTIG 8+   2QWPFU  .QPFQP  I (GKPIQNF (D  5EJN  5GCD[    8QPRQNKGTVGP5VGORGNPYKP\-TCV\GTXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\ 



2QWPFU.QPFQPI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5GCD[  8QPRQNKGTVGP5VGORGNPXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





2QWPFU.QPFQPI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5GCD[

2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



2QNKGTVG2NCVVG





7773 7774

7774



5QXGTGKIP.QPFQPI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5GCD[



'NK\CDGVJ++UGKV2QWPFU.QPFQPI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5GCD[ 2QNKGTVG2NCVVG

 161


GROSSBRITANNIEN

7775 7776

7776



5QXGTGKIP  .QPFQP  ,CJTG )QNF5QXGTGKIP   I (GKPIQNF (D  5EJN    5GCD[ 2QNKGTVG2NCVVG 



 2QWPFU  .QPFQP  )GDWTVUVCI FGT -ÌPKIKPOWVVGT 'NKUCDGVJ  I (GKPIQNF (D    5EJN5GCD[ 0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV2QNKGTVG2NCVVG 

7777

7778

7779



 2QWPFU  .QPFQP CWH FCU  -TÌPWPIULWDKN·WO  I (GKPIQNF (D  5EJN    5GCD[ 0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV2QNKGTVG2NCVVG 



2QWPFU.QPFQP)QNFGPG*QEJ\GKVI(GKPIQNF(D5GCD[  0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV2QNKGTVG2NCVVG





2QWPFU.QPFQP)TGGPYKEJ/GTKFKCP/KNNGPKWOI(GKPIQNF(DC5GCD[  2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



7780



7781

 2QWPFU  .QPFQP  )GDWTVUVCI FGT -ÌPKIKPOWVVGT 'NKUCDGVJ  I (GKPIQNF (D  D   5GCD[ 2QNKGTVG2NCVVG 

#.&'40';  162

'NK\CDGVJ++UGKV2QWPFU&WMGQH9GNNKPIVQPI(GKPIQNF(D  40WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV2QNKGTVG2NCVVG




ITALIEN

7782



7783

7784

2QWPFU(NQTGPEG0KIJVKPICNGI(GKPIQNF(D  0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



,'45'; 

'NK\CDGVJ ++ UGKV   2QWPFU  CWH FGP  ,CJTGUVCI FGT +PXCUKQP KP (TCPMTGKEJ  I   (GKPIQNF(D 0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV2QNKGTVG2NCVVG 



2QWPFUCWHFGP,CJTGUVCIFGT5EJNCEJVXQP$CNCMNCYCI(GKPIQNF(D  0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



7786 7785

%#5#.'/106('44#6 

+6#.+'0

7785

)WINKGNOQ++5EWFQF QTQQ,I(D8CTGUK 4   449KP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTCO4CPFCVVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT



(.14'0< 

4GRWDNKM  (KQTKPQ F QTQ Q ,    I /ÒP\\GKEJGP \YGK IGMTGW\VG OKVGKPCPFGT   XGTDWPFGPG5EJNÒUUGN$GTPQEEJK(D 5GJTUEJÌP

7787

7788



7789



(KQTKPQF QTQQ,  I/ÒP\\GKEJGP/QPFUKEJGNOKV5VGTP$GTPQEEJK(D  5GJTUEJÌP





(KQTKPQF QTQQ,  I/ÒP\\GKEJGP6CWDGOKV1NKXGP\YGKI$GTPQEEJK(D  8QT\ÒINKEJ





(KQTKPQF QTQQ,  I/ÒP\\GKEJGP$Û$GTPQEEJK(D

5GJTUEJÌP

 163


ITALIEN

7791 7790

7792

)'07# 

5KOQPG$QEECPGITC+)GPQXKPQQ,  I(D.WPCTFK  5GJTUEJÌP





)CNGC\\Q/CTKC5HQT\C&WECVQQ,  /KV/ÒP\\GKEJGP+2CWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG I(D.WPCTFK 4'VYCUMQTTQFKGTVUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





4GRWDNKM &QIK$KGPPCNK 5EWFQF QTQ &QRRKC I/KV/ÒP\\GKEJGP+<CWH FGT4ÒEMUGKVG(D.WPCTFK 5GNVGPGT,CJTICPI5GJTUEJÌP



7793 7794



7795

.KTGI(D.WPCTFK

5GJTUEJÌP





,WNKWU++(KQTKPQFKECOGTCQ,4QOI(D/WPVQPK8CT+  8QT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT





.GQ:&WECVQQ,$QNQIPCI(D/WPVQPK  4'VYCUMQTTQFKGTVWPFIGYGNNVUGJTUEJÌP



-+4%*'056##68#6+-#0

7797 7796

7798



2CWN+++5EWFQF QTQQ,4QOI(D/WPVQPK  *GPMGNURWTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





$GPGFKMV:+8<GEEJKPQ#:+4QOI(D/WPVQPK8CT+  (CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





2KWU8+&QRRKCTQOCPC4QOI(D/WPVQPKF



164

5GJTUEJÌP


ITALIEN

7799

1,5:1



1,5:1

<GEEJKPK#0:++$QNQIPCI2+85Û8+Û2106Û/#:Û#0Û:++Û(COKNKGPYCRRGP KP-CTVWUEJGFCTÒDGT6KCTC5Û2'6410Û$10Û2416Û#0ÛÛ5V2GVTQPKWUOKVUGIPGP FGT4GEJVGPWPF-TWOOUVCDCWH9QNMGPWPVGP\WFGP5GKVGPLGGKP9CRRGP(D/WPVQPKC 2TCEJVGZGORNCTXQPUEJÌPUVGT'TJCNVWPI8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\ 

7800

7802

7801

7803



&QRRKCTQOCPC$QNQIPCI(D/WPVQPK8CT+



2KWU+:.KTG#0::+44QOI(GKPIQNF(D2CICPK5EJN (CUV5VGORGNINCP\

5GJTUEJÌP

 



.KTG#::++44QOI(GKPIQNF(D2CICPK5EJN

8QT\ÒINKEJ





.KTG#::+++44QO)TQ­G$ÒUVGI(GKPIQNF(D2CICPK5EJN  5GJTUEJÌPXQT\ÒINKEJ



7805 7804

7806



2KWU:++.KTG#0+4QOI(GKPIQNF(D2CICPK5EJN  0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV(CUV5VGORGNINCP\





.KTG#0++4QOI(GKPIQNF(D2CICPK5EJN  0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





.KTG#001+:4QOI(GKPIQNF(D2CICPK5EJN  48QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\

 165


ITALIEN

7809 7808





7808

,QJCPPGU2CWN++)QNFOGFCKNNGOOI&C\W2CWN8+)QNFOGFCKNNG   OO  I  WPF ,QJCPPGU 2CWN + )QNFOGFCKNNG   OO  I  #NNG GT   )QNF 5VÒEM2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



$GPGFKMV :8+ UGKV   'WTQ #001 +8 4 4QO 5KZVKPKUEJG -CRGNNG  'TUEJCHHWPI FGU   /GPUEJGPI(GKPIQNF(D 4+P1TKIKPCNGVWK2QNKGTVG2NCVVG 

.1/$#4&'+ 

2TQXKUQTKUEJG 4GIKGTWPI   .KTG  / /CKNCPF  I (GKPIQNF (D  2CICPK    5EJN 9KP\4CPFHGJNGTUGJTCVVTCMVKXGUXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT 

7810

7812

7811

7813



.KTG//CKNCPFI(GKPIQNF(D2CICPK5EJN  0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV#VVTCMVKXGUXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT



)CNGC\\Q/CTKC5HQT\C&WECVQQ,I8CTKCPVGOKV+#08'&KPFGT4ÒEMUGKVGPWO UEJTKHV%TKRRC 4 (D 44#VVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT



2JKNKRR++XQP5RCPKGP&QRRKCI%TKRRC*(D



/#+.#0&

5GJTUEJÌP

 

0'#2'.70&5+<+.+'0 

(GTFKPCPF+XQP#TCIQP&WECVQQ,0GCRGNI/KV/ÒP\\GKEJGP%CWHFGT8QT FGTUGKVG(D2CPPWVK4KEEKQEXCT 'VYCUMQTTQFKGTVWPFIGYGNNVUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

7814





 166

7816



7815

&WECVQQ,0GCRGNI1JPG/ÒP\\GKEJGPWPFCWHFGT8QTFGTUGKVGGPFGVFKG7OUEJTKHVOKV58 CWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVGOKV5+(D2CPPWVK4KEEKQHHXCT  'VYCUMQTTQFKGTVWPFIGYGNNVUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



&WECVQQ,0GCRGNI/KV/ÒP\\GKEJGP6CWHFGT8QTFGTUGKVGFKG7OUEJTKHVGPFGVOKV/+5'4+ 58'CWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVGOKV&)4(D2CPPWVK4KEEKQEXCT  'VYCUMQTTQFKGTVWPFIGYGNNVUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



-CTN+++XQP$QWTDQP&WECVKI(D2CPPWVK4KEEKQ  4CPFWPF(GNFGTDGCTDGKVGVUGJTUEJÌP




ITALIEN

7818

7817

7820

7819



(GTFKPCPF +8 +  XQP $QWTDQP  2GTKQFG   &WECVKI(DC 2CPPWVK4KEEKQC 8QT\ÒINKEJ



 

&WECVKI(D2CPPWVK4KEEKQ &WECVKI(D2CPPWVK4KEEKQ

*ÒDUEJG)QNFRCVKPCUGJTUEJÌP 5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJXQT\ÒINKEJ

 



&WECVK ,CJTGU\CJNKO5VGORGNCWUIG·PFGTV I(D2CPPWVK4KEEKQ  #VVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT



7823

7821

7822

2#4/# 

/CTKC .QWKUC   .KTG  /CKNCPF  I (GKPIQNF (D  2CICPK  5EJN    *ÒDUEJG)QNFRCVKPCUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJXQT\ÒINKEJ

/CTKC.QWKUCYCTFKG)GOCJNKP0CRQNGQPU+

 

.KTG/CKNCPFI(GKPIQNF(D2CICPK5EJN .KTG/CKNCPFI(GKPIQNF(D2CICPK5EJN

/CTKC.QWKUCYCTFKG)GOCJNKP0CRQNGQPU+

5GJTUEJÌPXQT\ÒINKEJ 44(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ

  

7824

1,5:1

1,5:1

2+#%'0<# 

1FQCTFQ(CTPGUG&QRRKGI)GJCTPKUEJVGU$TWUVDKNFTOKVITQ­GO-TCIGP WPFWOIGNGIVGO/CPVGN9ÌNHKPNFCJKPVGT<YGKIGQDGP-TQPG(D8CTGUK 4   44#VVTCMVKXGUHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT

 167


ITALIEN

7825

7827

7826

7828

5#4&+0+'0 

8KEVQT#OCFGWU++&QRRKC6WTKPI%WFC\\QD 4 (D  4-N-TCV\GTUGJTUEJÌP



8KEVQT'OCPWGN+.KTG6WTKPI(GKPIQNF(D2CICPK5EJN 5GNVGPGT,CJTICPI5GJTUEJÌP



.KTG6WTKPI(GKPIQNF(D2CICPK5EJN

8QT\ÒINKEJ





.KTG6WTKPI(GKPIQNF(D2CICPK5EJN

9KP\4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ



7831

7829

7832

 

7830



-CTN (GNKZ   .KTG  6WTKP  I (GKPIQNF (D  2CICPK  5EJN    8QT\ÒINKEJ 



.KTG6WTKPI(GKPIQNF(D2CICPK5EJN

5GJTUEJÌP





.KTG)GPWCI(GKPIQNF(D2CICPK5EJN

(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





-CTN#NDGTV.KTG)GPWCI(GKPIQNF(D2CICPK5EJN  -N&TWEMUVGNNGPCO4CPFUGJTUEJÌP



7833

7834

7833



 .KTG  6WTKP  I (GKPIQNF +P 752NCUVKMJQNFGT FGT 0)% OKV FGT $GYGTVWPI #7    (D2CICPK5EJN 440WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ 



.KTG)GPWCI(GKPIQNF(D2CICPK5EJN

168

5GJTUEJÌP




ITALIEN

7835

1,5:1

1,5:1

5#81;'0 

(TCPEGUEQ)KCEKPVQWPVGT8QTOWPFUEJCHVUGKPGT/WVVGT/CTKC%JTKUVKPCXQP$QWTDQP  5EWFK F QTQ Q , 6WTKP  I r %*4 &TGKGEM  (4 &TGKGEM  (4 &TGKGEM  *;#% &TGKGEM    &8%'5 &TGKGEM 5#$#8 &TGKGEM 2 &TGKGEM 2 &TGKGEM 2'& &TGKGEM 4 &TGKGEM 4 &TGKGEM  %;24+ $TWUVDKNFGT XQP /CTKC %JTKUVKPC WPF (TCPEGUEQ )KCEKPVQ PGDGPGKPCPFGT Td &'&8%'6   015 /+4#$+.+6'4 &':6'4# 68# /CFQPPC X X OKV FGO -KPF KO NKPMGP #TO KP FGT 4GEJVGP   .QTDGGT\YGKIG FCU -KPF J·NV GDGPHCNNU GKPGP .QTDGGT\YGKI WOJGT .QTDGGTMTCP\ %WFC\\Q  4    (D5KOQPGVVK  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTCO4CPFUGJTCVVTCMVKXGUHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT 

7836

7837

7838

7839

7841

5+<+.+'0 

-CTN+++XQP¤UVGTTGKEJ1PEKCF QTQ2CNGTOQI(D8CTGUK  8QT\ÒINKEJ



-CTNXQP$QWTDQP1PEKCF QTQ2CNGTOQI(D8CTGUK



 8QT\ÒINKEJ





(TCPEU#0  6WTKPI(GKPIQNF(D2CICPKC5EJN  40WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV8QT\ÒINKEJ





(TCPEU#0  6WTKPI(GKPIQNF/KVKPMWUGO)GIGPUVGORGNCWHFGT8QTFGTUGKVG-QRH 0CRQN¾QPUN(D2CICPKC5EJN 40WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV8QT\ÒINKEJ





 (TCPEU #0    6WTKP  I (GKPIQNF &C\W .QFQXKEQ /CPKP <GEEJKPQQ, I(D)CODGTKPK 5EJÌP (D2CICPK5EJN  5VÒEM40WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV(CUUWPIUURWTGPDGTKGDGPUGJTUEJÌP



57$#.2+0'4'27$.+-

615%#0# 

%QUKOQ+++/GFKEK(KQTKPQF QTQ(NQTGP\I(D)CNGQVVK8+  2TCEJVGZGORNCT8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\

 169


ITALIEN

7842 1,5:1

1,5:1



2G\\C F QTQ FGNNC4QUC.KXQTPQI)GMTÌPVGUXGT\KGTVGU9CRRGP4QUGPUVTCWEJ(D )CNGQVVK:::8++ 445EJCTHCWUIGRT·IVGUXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT 

7843

7844

7844



2KGVTQ.GQRQNFQFK.QTGPC(KQTKPQF QTQ(NQTGP\I(D)CNGQVVK+8 8QT\ÒINKEJ





.QFQXKEQ+FK$QTDQPG-ÌPKIXQP6QUECPC4WURQPG <GEEJKPK (NQTGP\I (GKPIQNF(D2CICPKC5EJN 49KP\-TCV\GTXQT\ÒINKEJ



7845

7846

7847

8'0'&+)

7848

  

2KGVTQ)TCFGPKIQ&WECVQQ,I(D)CODGTKPK #PFTGC&CPFQNQ&WECVQQ,I(D)CODGTKPK .QTGP\Q%GNUK&WECVQQ,I(D)CODGTKPK

5GJTUEJÌP (CUVUGJTUEJÌP 5GJTUEJÌP

  



#PVQPKQ8GPKGT&WECVQQ,I(D)CODGTKPK  5EJCTHCWUIGRT·IVGU'ZGORNCTHCUV5VGORGNINCP\



7850 7849



#PFTGC)TKVVK&WECVQQ,I(D)CODGTKPK



5EWFQF QTQQ,I(D)CODGTKPK

 170

7851

9KP\-TCV\GTXQT\ÒINKEJ



45GJTUEJÌP



(TCPEGUEQ/QTQUKPK<GEEJKPQQ,I(D)CODGTKPK  2TCEJVGZGORNCT5VGORGNINCP\




ITALIEN

7852

7853

7855

7854



<GEEJKPQQ,I(D)CODGTKPK

8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



5KNXGUVTQ8CNKGT<GEEJKPQQ,I(D)CODGTKPK

 45GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





#NXKUG+++/QEGPKIQ<GEEJKPQQ,I(D)CODGTKPK  /KPIGYGNNVXQT\ÒINKEJ





<GEEJKPQQ,I(D)CODGTKPK



#VVTCMVKXGUXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT



7856 7857

7858



%CTNQ4W\\KPK<GEEJKPQQ,I(D)CODGTKPK  4-N4CPFHGJNGTIGUVQRHVGU.QEJUGJTUEJÌP



 

(TCPEGUEQ.QTGFCP<GEEJKPQQ,I(D)CODGTKPK 8QT\ÒINKEJ <GEEJKPQQ,I(D)CODGTKPK -N2T·IGUEJY·EJGXQT\ÒINKEJ

 

7859

1,5:1



1,5:1

)QNFGPG1UGNNC#8+++CWHFKG8GTNGKJWPIFGT)QNFGPGP4QUGFWTEJ2CRUV%NGOGPU:+++I /ÒP\OGKUVGT2KGVTQ2CUVC5Û/Û8Û(4#0%Û.#84'&Û24+0%Û/8085Û#Û8+++Û4GNKIKQ UVGJVXXCWH5QEMGNKPFGTGTJQDGPGP4GEJVGP-GNEJKONKPMGP#TO-TGW\UGKVNKEJFGU2QFGUVGUMPKGP 5V/CTMWUWPFFGT&QIGKO#DUEJPKVVFKG/ÒP\OGKUVGTUKIPCVWT415#Ü572'4Ü4+815Ü#37# 4+7/»4QUGPUVTCWEJKPGKPGO)GH·­KO#DUEJPKVVFKGTÌOKUEJG,CJTGU\CJN(Dp)CODGTKPK 5GJTUGNVGPDGUQPFGTUKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI 5EJCTHCWUIGRT·IVGUXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT  171


ITALIEN

7860

7861



.QFQXKEQ/CPKP<GEEJKPQQ,I(D)CODGTKPK  -N2T·IGUEJY·EJGXQT\ÒINKEJ





<GEEJKPQQ,I(D\W)CODGTKPK\W



5GJTUEJÌP

'UJCPFGNVUKEJDGKFGOXQTNKGIGPFGP5VÒEMWOGKPGPYQJNVÒTMKUEJGP$GKUEJNCI

7862

7863

7864

-¤0+)4'+%*+6#.+'0 

0CRQNGQP.KTG//CKNCPFI(GKPIQNF/KVXGTVKGHVGT4CPFUEJTKHV(D 2CICPKC5EJN 5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJXQT\ÒINKEJ





.KTG//CKNCPFI(GKPIQNF(D2CICPK5EJN

5GJTUEJÌP





.KTG//CKNCPFI(GKPIQNF(D2CICPK5EJN

5GJTUEJÌP



 'VYCULWUVKGTVUGJTUEJÌP



7866

7865



.KTG//CKNCPFI(GKPIQNF(D2CICPKC5EJN



 .KTG  ,CJTGU\CJN KO 5VGORGN CWU  IG·PFGTV  / /CKNCPF  I (GKPIQNF (D    2CICPKC5EJN 5GNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI2TCEJVGZGORNCT8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\ 

7867

7868

7868



8KEVQT 'OCPWGN ++   .KTG  $ $QNQIPC HÒT FKG 2TQXKP\GP KP 'OKNKC  I   (GKPIQNF(D2CICPK5EJN  440WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV-N-TCV\GTWPFMN&TWEMUVGNNGUGJTUEJÌP 



7ODGTVQ+.KTG44QOI(GKPIQNF(D2CICPK5EJN  8QT\ÒINKEJ

172




ITALIEN

7869

2:1



2:1

8KEVQT'OCPWGN+++.KTG44QO'TKVTGC)QNFI(GKPIQNF/ÒP\OGKUVGT (5RGTCP\C8+6614+1'/#07'.'+++-QRHNFCTWPVGTFGT0COGFGU/ÒP\OGKUVGTUWPF/ÒP\ \GKEJGP #PMGT4')01  & +6#.+# )GMTÌPVGT #FNGT OKV $TWUVUEJKNF FCTWPVGT 9GTVCPICDG /ÒP\   UV·VVGP\GKEJGPWPF,CJTGU\CJN(D2CICPKC5EJN  W­GTUVUGNVGPGT,CJTICPI0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\ 

7871

7870



 .KTG  4 4QO  ,CJTG -ÌPKITGKEJ +VCNKGP  I (GKPIQNF (D  2CICPK  5EJN    9KP\(CUUWPIUURWTGPUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



.KTG44QOI(GKPIQNF(D2CICPK5EJN

8QT\ÒINKEJ

 

7873

7872

7872



 .KTG  4 4QO CWH UGKP L·JTKIGU 4GIKGTWPIULWDKN·WO WPF FGP  ,CJTGUVCI FGU -TKGIUGKP   VTKVVUI(GKPIQNF(D2CICPK5EJN  442TCEJVGZGORNCTXQPUEJÌPUVGT'TJCNVWPI0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV 2QNKGTVG2NCVVGOCVVKGTV /CVVRTQQH 



 .KTG +: 4 4QO  I (GKPIQNF +P 752NCUVKMJQNFGT FGT 0)% OKV FGT $GYGTVWPI /5    (D2CICPK5EJN 8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\

7874



7875



.KTG:44QOI(GKPIQNF(D2CICPK5EJN

8QT\ÒINKEJ





.KTG:+4QOI(GKPIQNF(D2CICPK5EJN

8QT\ÒINKEJ

 173


JUGOSLAWIEN

7876



7ODGTVQ ++  )QNFOGFCKNNG \W  .KTG Q , WPUKIPKGTV -QRH N FCTWPVGT 5EJPWT)GMTÌPVGU   9CRRGPXQP1TFGPUMGVVGWOIGDGP\WFGP5GKVGP.OOI  8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\  7ODGTVQ++0KEQNC6QOCUQ)KQXCPPKYWTFGCO5GRVGODGTKP4CEEQPKIKCNU5QJPXQP8KVVQTKQ'OCPWGNG +++WPFFGUUGP)GOCJNKP'NGPCXQP/QPVGPGITQIGDQTGP#O,CPWCTXGTO·JNVGGTUKEJKP4QOOKV/CTKC XQP $GNIKGP OKV FGT GT XKGT -KPFGT JCVVG 'T HQNIVG  UGKPGO 8CVGT CNU -ÌPKI XQP +VCNKGP WPF *GT\QI XQP   5CXQ[GP8QO/CKDKU\WOHQTOCNGP'PFGFGT/QPCTEJKGCO,WPKYCTGTHÒT6CIGFGTNGV\VG -ÌPKIXQP+VCNKGP&CPCEJIKPIGTKPU'ZKNWPFMGJTVG\W.GD\GKVGPPKEJVOGJTKPUGKP*GKOCVNCPF\WTÒEM7ODGTVQ++ UVCTDCO/·T\KP)GPHYWTFGCDGTKP5CXQ[GPDGGTFKIV



4GRWDNKM+VCNKGPUGKV'WTQ44QO Z 'WTQR·KUEJG-WPUV$GNIKGPI(GKPIQNF (D 5VÒEM2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



7880 7878

-¤0+)4'+%*

7879

,7)15.#9+'0



#NGZCPFGT+&KPCTC$GNITCFI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN

 8QT\ÒINKEJ



 

&KPCTC$GNITCFI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN

(CUV5VGORGNINCP\



&KPCTC$GNITCFI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN

(CUV5VGORGNINCP\



7883

7881

7881



&WMCVGP$GNITCF/KV4GKPJGKVU)CTCPVKGUVGORGN5EJYGTVCWHFGT8QTFGTUGKVGI(GKP IQNF(D5EJN 8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





&WMCV$GNITCF/KV4GKPJGKVU)CTCPVKGUVGORGNJTGCWHFGT8QTFGTUGKVG+PUIGUCOVI (GKPIQNF(D5EJN 5VÒEM(CUV5VGORGNINCP\





&WMCV  $GNITCF /KV 4GKPJGKVU)CTCPVKGUVGORGN JTG CWH FGT 8QTFGTUGKVG  I (GKPIQNF +P   752NCUVKMJQNFGTFGT0)%OKVFGT$GYGTVWPI/5(D5EJN  5GNVGPGT,CJTICPI(CUV5VGORGNINCP\



174


MALTA

7884

4'27$.+- 

&KPCTC/KVVGNOGGT5RQTVURKGNGKP5RNKVI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN  2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



7886

7885

.7:'/$74) *'4<1)67/#$)4155*'4<1)67/ 



,GCP)QNFOGFCKNNG\W(TCPEU$TÒUUGN2TQDG 'UUCK XQP,.GH½XTGCWHFKG-TÌ PWPIXQO-QRHFGU)TQ­JGT\QIUN.WZGODWTIKUEJG-TQPGOOI2TQDUV$ 5EJNp XINFQTVPKEJVCNU2TQDG  0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV5VGORGNINCP\



*GPTKUGKV'WTQ,CJTG'WTQR·KUEJGWPF.WZGODWTIKUEJG<GPVTCNDCPMI(GKPIQNF (D 2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



7888

,1*#00+6'414&'0

7887

7888

/#.6#



'OOCPWGN2KPVQ5EWFKI(D4GUVGNNK  5GJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCTOKVUEJÌPGT6ÌPWPI



(TCPEKUEQ:KOGPG\FG6GZCFC5EWFKI(D4GUVGNNK

8QT\ÒINKEJ



'OOCPWGNFG4QJCP5EWFKI(D4GUVGNNK  ,WUVKGTV(GNFGTNGKEJVDGCTDGKVGVUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



7889





7890

7889

4'27$.+- 

 .KTK  4Q[CN /KPV .NCPVTKUCPV  ,CJTGUVCI FGT 8GTNGKJWPI FGU )GQTIUMTGW\GU )GQTIG %TQUU   #YCTF I(GKPIQNF(D5EJN 0WT5VÒEMIGRT·IV+P1TKIKPCNGVWK2QNKGTVG2NCVVG

 175


MONACO

7892

7891

(ª456'067/

/10#%1



%JCTNGU+++(TCPEU#2CTKUI(GKPIQNFFG/G[(D5EJN  5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





(TCPEU#2CTKUI(GKPIQNFFG/G[(D5EJN  5GNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI8QT\ÒINKEJ



7893

7894

7895



#NDGTV+(TCPEU#2CTKUI(GKPIQNFFG/G[(D5EJN  5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



 

(TCPEU#2CTKUI(GKPIQNFFG/G[(D5EJN (TCPEU#2CTKUI(GKPIQNFFG/G[(D5EJN

 

5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ 8QT\ÒINKEJ

7896 7897

7897



4CKPKGT+++%GPVKOGU2TQDG 'UUCK KP)QNFOKVINCVVGO4CPFIFG/G[p

\W (Dp)CFQWT[5EJN 0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV5VGORGNINCP\



 (TCPEU   *QEJ\GKVUVCI FGU (ÒTUVGPRCCTGU  I (GKPIQNF FG /G[ 5  # (D    5EJN 0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV5VGORGNINCP\ 



(TCPEU*QEJ\GKVUVCIFGU(ÒTUVGPRCCTGUI(GKPIQNFFG/G[5#(D5EJN 0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV5VGORGNINCP\





(TCPEU*QEJ\GKVUVCIFGU(ÒTUVGPRCCTGUI(GKPIQNFFG/G[5#(D5EJN 0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV5VGORGNINCP\



176




NIEDERLANDE

7901

7900

7902

7904

7903

/106'0')41

(ª456'067/ 

0KMQNCWU +   2GTRGTC  9KGP L·JTKIGU 4GIKGTWPIULWDKN·WO  I (GKPIQNF +P   752NCUVKMJQNFGT2%)5OKVFGT$GYGTVWPI/5(D5EJN 8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



 

2GTRGTC9KGPI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN 2GTRGTC9KGPI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN

 



 2GTRGTC  9KGP  I (GKPIQNF +P 752NCUVKMJQNFGT FGT 0)% OKV FGT $GYGTVWPI /5    (D5EJN 8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





2GTRGTC9KGPL·JTKIGU4GIKGTWPIULWDKN·WOI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN

8QT\ÒINKEJ



9KP\4CPFHGJNGTHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ 8QT\ÒINKEJ

7906

7905

0+'&'4.#0&'

%#/2'0



5VCFV&WMCVQ,  5RCPKUEJGT6[RI&GNO 4 (D

5GJTUEJÌP





5VCFV&WMCVOKV6KVGN(GTFKPCPFU++I&GNO 4 (D  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV#VVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT



&'8'06'4

7907

7908

7909

7910

7911

)'.&'40 

*GT\QIVWO #TPQNF XQP 'IOQPF  )QNFIWNFGP (NQTKP F QT  Q ,  I &GNO    (D 45GJTUEJÌP





2JKNKRR++XQP5RCPKGP4GCNF QTQ,I&GNO(D  9KP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTCO4CPFUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



2TQXKP\&WMCVI&GNO(D





)GYGNNVUGJTUEJÌP

*1..#0& 

2TQXKP\ )QNFCDUEJNCI \W GKPGO &WMCVGP XQP FGP 5VGORGNP FGU  5VÒDGTU   I &GNO   

4  -N2TQDKGTURWTCO4CPFUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





&WMCVI&GNO(D



5GJTUEJÌP

177


NIEDERLANDE

7912

1,5:1

1,5:1

764'%*6 

$KUVWO (TKGFTKEJ XQP $NCPMGPJGKO  )QNFIWNFGP (NQTKP F QT  Q , &GXGPVGT  I   FReDeRIÜePCÛTRAIeÆ5V,QJCPPGUUVGJVXXOKVUGIPGPFGT4GEJVGPWPF-TGW\UVCDMÛÛ OneTA Û  Û DAVen Û  Ú T • f 9CRRGP WOIGDGP XQP FTGK MNGKPGP 5EJKNFGP WOJGT &TGKRC­   &GNO 4 (D 8QPITÌ­VGT5GNVGPJGKV5GJTUEJÌP 

7913

7914

7915

7916



4WFQNH XQP &KGRJQN\  )QNFIWNFGP (NQTKP F QT  Q , 5V /CTVKPUIQNFIWNFGP  I   &GNO(D 2T·IGUEJY·EJGWPF-TCV\GTUEJÌPHCUVUGJTUEJÌP





2TQXKP\&WMCVI&GNO(D





&WMCV  +P 752NCUVKMJQNFGT FGT 0)% OKV FGT $GYGTVWPI /5  &GNO 0CEJVTCI  (D    <CPIGPLWUVKGTWPIXQT\ÒINKEJ





&WMCVI&GNO(D



7917

7918

)GYGNNVUGJTUEJÌP

/KPIGYGNNVXQT\ÒINKEJ

7919

7920



&WMCVI&GNO(D

/KPIGYGNNVYKP\4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ





&WMCVI&GNO(D

/KPIGYGNNVXQT\ÒINKEJ





&WMCVI&GNO(D

8QT\ÒINKEJ



.GKEJVIGYGNNVUGJTUEJÌP



9'56(4+'5.#0&  178

2TQXKP\&WMCV7PICTKUEJGT6[RI&GNO(D


NIEDERLANDE

7922

7921

7921

<''.#0& 

2TQXKP\&WMCVGPI&GNO(D

5GJTUEJÌP



5VCFV&WMCVOKV6KVGN(GTFKPCPFU++I/KVHGJNGTJCHVGO6KVGN(#4&+0#0CWHFGT4ÒEM UGKVG&GNO 4 (D )GYGNNVUGJTUEJÌP



<91..'

7923

7925

7924



7926

$#6#8+5%*'4'27$.+- 

&WMCV&QTFTGEJVI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5EJWNOCP



&WMCV&QTFTGEJVI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5EJWNOCPD



&WMCV7VTGEJVI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5EJWNOCP



&WMCV&QTFTGEJVI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5EJWNOCP

7927 1,5:1

 /KPIGYGNNVXQT\ÒINKEJ



 5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



8QT\ÒINKEJ



 5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



1,5:1

-¤0+)4'+%**1..#0& 

.WFYKI 0CRQNGQP  &WMCV  &QTFTGEJV  I (GKPIQNF (D  5EJN    5EJWNOCPDKU 8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV #VVTCMVKXGUUGJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT 

7928



7930

&WMCV7VTGEJVI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5EJWNOCP

7929

5GJTUEJÌP



-¤0+)4'+%*&'40+'&'4.#0&' 

9KNJGNO+)WNFGP$$TÒUUGNI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5EJWNOCP 8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





&WMCV7VTGEJVI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5EJWNOCP



8QT\ÒINKEJ

179


POLEN

1,5:1

7931 1,5:1



9KNJGNOKPC%GPVU2TQDGKP)QNF+P752NCUVKMJQNFGTFGT2%)5OKVFGT$GYGT VWPI)'07+0'-/2P# 448QT\ÒINKEJ





$GCVTKZ UGKV   'WTQ  Z  CWH FKG *QEJ\GKV XQP 2TKP\ 9KNJGNO #NGZCPFGT WPF2TKP\GUUKP /CZKOCI(GKPIQNF(D 5VÒEM2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



7933



7934

7933

'WTQ,CJTGUVCIFGT6JTQPDGUVGKIWPIXQP-ÌPKIKP$GCVTKZI(GKPIQNF(D  2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



0+'&'4.0&+5%*')'$+'6'+0ª$'45'' 0+'&'4.0&+5%*+0&+5%*'4')+'470) 

$GUGV\WPI FGU /WVVGTNCPFGU   )WNFGP  QJPG /ÒP\\GKEJGP 2TQDG KP )QNF OKV   IGTKHHGNVGO4CPFI-/2P5EJQNVGPp \WHH  9KP\-TCV\GTXQT\ÒINKEJ



7935

-¤0+)4'+%* 

*CTCNF8UGKV)QNFOGFCKNNGOKV9GTVCPICDG'EWWPUKIPKGTVCWHFKG,CJTHGKGTFGT 2QNCTGZRGFKVKQP XQP (TKFVLQH 0CPUGP 5EJKHH CWH 5GG$TWUVDKNF FGU 2QNCTHQTUEJGTU HCUV X X N 5EJNKV   VGPOKV5EJNKVVGPJWPFGP/KVFGP#PICDGP/GFCKNLGWPFKMMGI[NFKIDGVCNKPIUOKFFGNCWHFGT4ÒEM UGKVGOOI-/ 7PWUWCN9QTNF%QKPU : 2QNKGTVG2NCVVG

1,5:1

-¤0+)4'+%* 

0149')'0

7936



1,5:1

21.'0

5VGRJCP$CVJQT[&WMCV0$0CI[D±P[CI(Dp-QRKEMK 4   44.GKEJVLWUVKGTVUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ 'ZGORNCTFGT5NI5CNIQ#WMVKQP5RKPM<ÒTKEJ0T



7937

 180

#WIWUV+++&WMCV&TGUFGPI(D FQTVWPVGT5CEJUGP -QRKEMK

4 5NI/GTUGDp 4(CUUWPIUURWTGPUGJTUEJÌP




POLEN

7938

7940

7939



&WMCV.GKR\KII(D FQTVWPVGT5CEJUGP -QRKEMK 4 5NI/GTUGD  4*GPMGNURWT(GNFGTNGKEJVIGIN·VVGVUGJTUEJÌP





 6CNGT #WIWUV F QT   .GKR\KI  I (D  FQTV WPVGT 5CEJUGP  -QRKEMK  4    5NI/GTUGDp 4(CUVUGJTUEJÌP





 6CNGT #WIWUV F QT   .GKR\KI  I (D  FQTV WPVGT 5CEJUGP  -QRKEMK  4    5NI/GTUGDp 45EJÌPpUGJTUEJÌP



7942

7941 1,5:1



5VCPKUNCWU#WIWUV&WMCV#29CTUEJCWI(D-QRKEMK 4   44/KPIGYGNNVUGJTUEJÌP





&WMCV/89CTUEJCWI(D-QRKEMK 4 



448QT\ÒINKEJ

7944

7943



4GRWDNKM   <NQV[EJ   ,CJTG -ÌPKITGKEJ  I (GKPIQNF (D  5EJN    8QT\ÒINKEJ





<NQV[EJ,CJTG-ÌPKITGKEJI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN





 <NQV[EJ   <NQV[   ,CJTG -ÌPKITGKEJ +PUIGUCOV  I (GKPIQNF (D     5EJN 5VÒEM8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\

7947

8QT\ÒINKEJ



7948 7946



<NQVG/ÒPEJGP'KPUGKVKIG2TQDGFGT8QTFGTUGKVGKP)QNF+P752NCUVKMJQNFGTFGT0)%OKVFGT $GYGTVWPI/5-/p XIN2P  445VGORGNINCP\



8QNMUTGRWDNKM<NQV[EJ/CTKC%WTKGI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN  0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV2QNKGTVG2NCVVG





<NQV[EJ/KMQNCL-QRGTPKMI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN  0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV2QNKGTVG2NCVVG





181


POLEN

7950

7949

7949



<NQV[EJ:+++1N[ORKUEJG9KPVGTURKGNGKP.CMG2NCEKFI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN 2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



4GRWDNKM<NQV[EJ9CTUEJCW(T¾F¾TKE%JQRKPI(GKPIQNF(D  0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV2QNKGTVG2NCVVG

7953

7951

 

7952

&#0<+) 

5VCFV&WMCVOKV6KVGN5KIKUOWPFU+++  I/KV/ÒP\\GKEJGP$·TGPVCV\GCWHFGT 9CRRGPUGKVGWPFOKV&TGKDNCVV\YKUEJGP<YGKIGPÒDGTFGO5VCFVYCRRGP&WVMQYUMK5WEJCPGM+D (D-QRKEMK 4  .GKEJVIGYGNNVUGJTUEJÌP





&WMCV  OKV 6KVGN 9NCFKUNCYU +8    I &WVMQYUMK5WEJCPGM  (D    -QRKEMK 4  44)GYGNNVMN5EJTÌVNKPIUTK­UGJTUEJÌP 



&WMCV ,CJTGU\CJNKO5VGORGNCWUIG·PFGTV OKV6KVGN/KEJCGN-QT[DWVU  I &WVMQYUMK5WEJCPGM+(D 8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV5GJTUEJÌP



7954 1,5:1



1,5:1

&WMCVOKV6KVGN,QJCPP+++5QDKGUMKU  I<YGK.ÌYGPJCNVGPFCU5VCFVYCRRGP )GMTÌPVGUWPFIGJCTPKUEJVGU$TWUVDKNFT&WVMQYUMK5WEJCPGMC(D-QRKEMK 4   448QT\ÒINKEJ

7955



7956

6*140 

5VCFV &WMCV  OKV 6KVGN 9NCFKUNCYU +8    I &WVMQYUMK5WEJCPGM  4    (D-QRKEMKXCT 4  44/KVCNVGO*GPMGN/KPIGYGNNVNGKEJVIGIN·VVGVUGJTUEJÌP 



&WMCV  OKV 6KVGN 9NCFKUNCYU +8    I &WVMQYUMK5WEJCPGM  4  (D    -QRKEMK 4  44)GNQEJVUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ 

182


PORTUGAL

7957

1,5:1

1,5:1



 &WMCVGP  OKV 6KVGN ,QJCPP -CUKOKTU    I ': #841 Û 51.+&1 Û %+8+6 Ù   6*1480'05Ù(+'4+(Ù &TGKGEM 5VCFVCPUKEJVXQP6JQTPOKVGKPGT$TÒEMGÒDGTFGT9GKEJUGNCWH FGT MNGKPG $QQVG HCJTGP QDGP \YGK 'PIGN KP 9QNMGP FKG FCU 5VCFVYCRRGP JCNVGP WPVGP N CWH GKPGT   9KGUGFKGIGVGKNVG,CJTGU\CJNFC\YKUEJGPFKGXGTDWPFGPGP/ÒP\OGKUVGT\GKEJGP*. *CPU&CXKF .CWGT/ÒP\OGKUVGTKP6JQTP +1#0Ü%#5Ü&Ü)Ü4':Û21.10ÜÜ58'Û/Û&Û .Û4Û2Û)GMTÌPVGUWPFIGJCTPKUEJVGU$TWUVDKNFTOKVWOIGNGIVGO/CPVGNWPFFGT-GVVGFGU1TFGPU XQO)QNFGPGP8NKGU&WVMQYUMK5WEJCPGM(D*%\-QRKEMKp  444CPFGVYCUDGCTDGKVGVXQT\ÒINKEJ 

7958

1,5:1

-¤0+)4'+%* 

1,5:1

21467)#.

5CPEJQ +  /QTCDKVKPQ  &KPJGKTQU  %QKODTC  I 5#0%+85 ': 468%#.+5   -ÌPKI TGKVGV OKV 5EJYGTV WPF -TGW\\GRVGT PCEJ T +0 0' 264+5 .++(+++ 525 5%+# 9CRRGP XQP   2QTVWICNLGGKP5VGTPKPFGP9KPMGNP(D)QOGU  5GJTUGNVGPDGUQPFGTUKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI8QT\ÒINKEJGU2TCEJVGZGORNCT  'ZGORNCTFGT#WMVKQP,GCP'NUGP$TÒUUGN0T





5CPEJQ+IGPCPPVQ2QXQCFQT FGT$GUKGFNGT YWTFGCO0QXGODGTKP%QKODTCCNU5QJP-ÌPKI#NHQPU+

  WPF UGKPGT )GOCJNKP /CVJKNFG IGDQTGP 0CEJ FGO 6QF UGKPGU 8CVGTU DGUVKGI GT FGP 6JTQP WPF   XGTUWEJVG FKG $GUKGFNWPI FGU XQP FGP /CWTGP \WTÒEMGTQDGTVGP .CPFGU FWTEJ FGP <KUVGT\KGPUGTQTFGP   XQTCP\WVTGKDGP #PH·PINKEJG OKNKV·TKUEJG 'THQNIG YKG FKG 'TQDGTWPI FGT 5VCFV 5KNXGU YWTFGP LGFQEJ FWTEJ GKPG   CTCDKUEJG )GIGPQHHGPUKXG \WPKEJVG IGOCEJV #WUIGNÌUV FWTEJ GKPG #WUGKPCPFGTUGV\WPI WO FKG )ÒNVKIMGKV FGT 'JG   UGKPGT6QEJVGT6GTGUCOKV-ÌPKI#NHQPU+:XQP-CUVKNKGPWPF.GÉP  XGTJ·PIVGFKGMCVJQNKUEJG-KTEJG  FCU +PVGTFKMV ÒDGT 2QTVWICN 5CPEJQ + YCT OKV &WNEG XQP $CTEGNQPC WO   XGTJGKTCVGV OKV FGT GT    -KPFGT \GWIVG FQEJ YGTFGP KJO CWEJ \CJNTGKEJG CW­GTGJGNKEJG $G\KGJWPIGP PCEJIGUCIV 7PVGT 5CPEJQ + WPF   UGKPGO 0CEJHQNIGT #NHQPUQ ++   YWTFGP GTUVOCNU )QNFOÒP\GP IGRT·IV FGTGP 4ÒEMUGKVGP DGTGKVU FCU   V[RKUEJ RQTVWIKGUKUEJG /ÒP\DKNF FGT 3WKPCU \GKIGP  HÒPH MTGW\HÌTOKI CPIGQTFPGVG 5EJKNFG OKV LGYGKNU XKGT   2WPMVGP FCTCWH XIN FGP -QOOGPVCT DGK -NWIG $ 0WOKUOCVKM FGU /KVVGNCNVGTU *CPFDWEJ WPF 6JGUCWTWU   0WOOQTWO /GFKK #GXK $GTNKP  9KGP  5  WPF 5CNICFQ , 5 /QGFCU FG QWTQ FG 2QTVWICN 5¾EWNQU   8::.KUUCDQP5 

183


PORTUGAL

7959



,QJCPP++%TW\CFQQ,  .KUUCDQPI(D)QOGU,  'VYCUMQTTQFKGTVWPFIGYGNNVUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



7960

1,5:1



1,5:1

,QJCPP +++  2QTVWICNÌUGT 2QTVWIWG\  Q , .KUUCDQP  I q +1#0'5 Ù  Ù 4 Ù   21468)#.+'Ù#.Ù&Ù)Ù% URKGIGNXGTMGJTV Ù0Ù% URKGIGNXGTMGJTV Ù'6+Ù)GMTÌPVGU9CRRGP \WFGP5GKVGPFKG/ÒP\UV·VVGPCPICDG.4 FCTÒDGTLGÌ WPVGP5EJTKHVDCPFOKV#4#+$2Ù5Ú+'Ù+0 &+' Ù 8GT\KGTWPI  +0Ù &TGKGEM Ù*1%Ù &TGKGEM Ù5+)01Ù &TGKGEM Ù8+0%'5Ù-TGW\WO JGT8KGTRC­(DXCT)QOGUXCT 8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV-N4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP  &KG2T·IWPIFGT2QTVWIWG\IGJVCWH-ÌPKI/CPWGN+XQP2QTVWICN\WTÒEMFGTFKGUGP/ÒP\V[R\WGTUV\W %TW\CFQU KO 9GTV XQP \WP·EJUV  UGKV   4GKU RT·IGP NKG­ -ÌPKI /CPWGN YCT )TQ­OGKUVGT FGU   %JTKUVWUQTFGPUWPFUGV\VGFGUJCNDFCU%JTKUVWUMTGW\CWHFKG4ÒEMUGKVG+P2QTVWICNYWTFGPFKG2QTVWIWG\DKU IGRT·IV5KGURKGIGNVGPFGP4GKEJVWO2QTVWICNUFWTEJFGP*CPFGNOKV+PFKGPYKGFGT+P&GWVUEJNCPFYWTFGPWCCD KP*CODWTI2QTVWICNÌUGTIGRT·IVWPFKP$TCPFGPDWTIWPF

7961

7962



%TW\CFQQ,.KUUCDQPI(D)QOGU,

4.GKEJVG2T·IGUEJY·EJGUGJTUEJÌP





5GDCUVKCP4GCKUQ,.KUUCDQPI(D)QOGU5GC  .GKEJVIGYGNNVUGJTUEJÌP



7964

7963

7964



,QJCPP84GKU 0GPPYGTV4GKU%TW\CFQPQXQ .KUUCDQPI(D )QOGU, 5GJTUEJÌP





/CTKC +   4GKU 3WCTVKPJQ   .KUUCDQP  I (D  )QOGU /    5EJN 8QT\ÒINKEJ



184


RUMÄNIEN

7966 7965

7965



2G¼C 4GKU .KUUCDQPI(GKPIQNF(D)QOGU/5EJN



2GVGT84GKU.KUUCDQPI(GKPIQNF(D)QOGU25EJN 5GJTUEJÌP

7967

8QT\ÒINKEJ

 

7968

7969



4GKU.KUUCDQPI(GKPIQNF(D)QOGU25EJN

5GJTUEJÌP





.WFYKI+4GKU.KUUCDQPI(GKPIQNF(D)QOGU.5EJN  8QT\ÒINKEJ





4GKU.KUUCDQPI(GKPIQNF(D)QOGU.5EJN  8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



.1621467)#. 

,QJCPP8'UEWFQ 4GKU .KUUCDQPI4GKU.KUUCDQPI (D&C\W$TCUKNKGP,QUGH+'UEWFQ 4GKU $$CJKCI(D 5VÒEM(CUUWPIUURWTGPUEJÌPpUGJTUEJÌP

7971

-¤0+)4'+%*

7972

7975

7978



7979

47/0+'0



-CTN+.GK$$WMCTGUVI(GKPIQNF(D5EJ·HHGT5VCODWNKW5EJN 8QT\ÒINKEJ





.GK$$WMCTGUVI(GKPIQNF(D5EJ·HHGT5VCODWNKW5EJN

8QT\ÒINKEJ





.GK$$WMCTGUVI(GKPIQNF(D5EJ·HHGT5VCODWNKW5EJN

8QT\ÒINKEJ





.GK$$WMCTGUVI(GKPIQNF(D5EJ·HHGT5VCODWNKW5EJN

8QT\ÒINKEJ





.GK$$WMCTGUVI(GKPIQNF(D5EJ·HHGT5VCODWNKW5EJN  9KP\4CPFHGJNGTHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





.GK$$WMCTGUVI(GKPIQNF(D5EJ·HHGT5VCODWNKW5EJN

(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





.GK$$WMCTGUVI(GKPIQNF(D5EJ·HHGT5VCODWNKW5EJN  5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





.GK$$WMCTGUVI(GKPIQNF(D5EJ·HHGT5VCODWNKW5EJN

8QT\ÒINKEJ





.GK$$WMCTGUVI(GKPIQNF(D5EJ·HHGT5VCODWNKW5EJN

8QT\ÒINKEJ

 185


RUMÄNIEN

7981

7980



7982

.GK$TÒUUGNCWHUGKPL·JTKIGU4GIKGTWPIULWDKN·WOI(GKPIQNF+P752NCUVKMJQNFGT FGT0)%OKVFGT$GYGTVWPI/5(D5EJ·HHGT5VCODWNKW5EJN  0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV8QT\ÒINKEJ





 .GK  $TÒUUGN CWH UGKP L·JTKIGU 4GIKGTWPIULWDKN·WO  I (GKPIQNF (D  5EJ·H   HGT5VCODWNKW5EJN 0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ 



 .GK  $TÒUUGN CWH UGKP L·JTKIGU 4GIKGTWPIULWDKN·WO  I (GKPIQNF (D  5EJ·H   HGT5VCODWNKW5EJN 0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV*GPMGNURWTUGJTUEJÌP 

7983

7984



 .GK  $TÒUUGN CWH UGKP L·JTKIGU 4GIKGTWPIULWDKN·WO  I (GKPIQNF (D  5EJ·H   HGT5VCODWNKW5EJN 8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





 .GK  $TÒUUGN CWH UGKP L·JTKIGU 4GIKGTWPIULWDKN·WO  I (GKPIQNF (D  5EJ·H   HGT5VCODWNKW5EJN 8QT\ÒINKEJ



7985

7986

7986



 .GK  $TÒUUGN CWH UGKP L·JTKIGU 4GIKGTWPIULWDKN·WO  I (GKPIQNF (D  5EJ·H   HGT5VCODWNKW5EJN 8QT\ÒINKEJ 



 .GK  $TÒUUGN CWH UGKP L·JTKIGU 4GIKGTWPIULWDKN·WO  I (GKPIQNF (D  5EJ·H   HGT5VCODWNKW5EJN -TCV\GTHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ

186




RUMÄNIEN

7988 7987

7987



 .GK  $TÒUUGN CWH UGKP L·JTKIGU 4GIKGTWPIULWDKN·WO  I (GKPIQNF (D  5EJ·H   HGT5VCODWNKW5EJN 5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





 .GK  $TÒUUGN CWH UGKP L·JTKIGU 4GIKGTWPIULWDKN·WO  I (GKPIQNF (D  5EJ·H   HGT5VCODWNKW5EJN 9KP\4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ





  .GK  $TÒUUGN CWH UGKP L·JTKIGU 4GIKGTWPIULWDKN·WO  I (GKPIQNF (D  5EJ·H   HGT5VCODWNKW5EJN 8QT\ÒINKEJ





  .GK  $TÒUUGN CWH UGKP L·JTKIGU 4GIKGTWPIULWDKN·WO  I (GKPIQNF (D  5EJ·H   HGT5VCODWNKW5EJN 5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





  .GK  $TÒUUGN CWH UGKP L·JTKIGU 4GIKGTWPIULWDKN·WO  I (GKPIQNF (D  5EJ·H   HGT5VCODWNKW5EJN 5GJTUEJÌP



7989

7990

7993 7992

7992



(GTFKPCPF+.GKQ,  .QPFQPCWHUGKPG-TÌPWPI\WOGTUVGP-ÌPKIFGT 4WO·PGP KO ,CJT   I (GKPIQNF +P 752NCUVKMJQNFGT FGT 0)% OKV FGT $GYGTVWPI #7    (D5EJ·HHGT5VCODWNKW5EJN 8QT\ÒINKEJ 



.GKQ,  .QPFQPCWHUGKPG-TÌPWPI\WOGTUVGP-ÌPKIFGT4WO·PGPKO,CJT I(GKPIQNF(D5EJ·HHGT5VCODWNKW5EJN 8QT\ÒINKEJ 

7997 7994

7995



-CTN++.GK$WMCTGUVCWHUGKPL·JTKIGU4GIKGTWPIULWDKN·WOI(GKPIQNF +P752NCUVKMJQNFGTFGT0)%OKVFGT$GYGTVWPI/5(D5EJ·HHGT5VCODWNKW5EJN  448QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\ 



/KEJCGN+ 4GIKGTWPI .GK$WMCTGUVCWHFKG9KGFGTGKPINKGFGTWPI5KGDGPDÒT IGPUI(GKPIQNF(D5EJ·HHGT5VCODWNKW5EJN (CUV5VGORGNINCP\





 .GK  $WMCTGUV CWH FKG 9KGFGTGKPINKGFGTWPI 5KGDGPDÒTIGPU  I (GKPIQNF (D  5EJ·H   HGT5VCODWNKW5EJN (CUV5VGORGNINCP\





4GRWDNKMUGKV.GKI(GKPIQNF-/p \WFQTV,CJTICPI   2QNKGTVG2NCVVG





.GKI(GKPIQNF-/p \WFQTV,CJTICPI 



2QNKGTVG2NCVVG

187


SCHWEDEN

ex 7999

ex 8000

5#0/#4+01 

4GRWDNKM 2TQQH 5GV  4 4QO DGUVGJGPF CWU  WPF  'WTQ /CNGTGKGP XQP )KQVVQ +PUIGUCOV   I(GKPIQNF(D 5VÒEM+P1TKIKPCNGVWK2QNKGTVG2NCVVG





2TQQH 5GV  4 4QO DGUVGJGPF CWU  WPF  'WTQ  )GDWTVUVCI XQP /CTEQ 2QNQ +PUIGUCOV   I(GKPIQNF(D 5VÒEM+P1TKIKPCNGVWK2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



8001

8001 1,5:1

-¤0+)4'+%* 

5%*9'&'0

7NTKMC'NGQPQTC&WMCVGP5VQEMJQNOI#JNUVTÌO(D5/*  449KP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

8002

8004



8003



(TKGFTKEJ+&WMCV5VQEMJQNOI#JNUVTÌO 4 (D5/*  45GJTCVVTCMVKXGUXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT





&WMCV5VQEMJQNOI#JNUVTÌO 4 (D5/*  4.GKEJVIGYGNNVWPFDGTKGDGPUGJTUEJÌP





&WMCV5VQEMJQNOI#JNUVTÌOC(D5/* -N4CPFHGJNGTHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



8006 8005

8007



&WMCV5VQEMJQNOI#JNUVTÌO(D5/*  .GKEJVIGYGNNVYKP\-TCV\GTUGJTUEJÌP





-CTN:8&WMCV5VQEMJQNOI(GKPIQNF#JNUVTÌOC(D5EJN  2TCEJVGZGORNCT(CUV5VGORGNINCP\





1UMCT++-TQPGP ,CJTGU\CJNKO5VGORGNCWUIG·PFGTV 5VQEMJQNOI (GKPIQNF#JNUVTÌOD(D5EJN 8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





-TQPGP5VQEMJQNO+PUIGUCOVI(GKPIQNF#JNUVTÌO(D5EJN  5VÒEM8QT\ÒINKEJ



&KGUKUVFGTNGV\VGUEJYGFKUEJG&WMCV

188


SCHWEDEN

8009

8010

8011

8012



-TQPGP5VQEMJQNOI(GKPIQNF#JNUVTÌO(DC5EJN  9KP\4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ





-TQPGP5VQEMJQNOI(GKPIQNF+P752NCUVKMJQNFGTFGT#0#OKVFGT$GYGTVWPI/5 #JNUVTÌO(DC5EJN 5GNVGPGT,CJTICPI8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





-TQPGP5VQEMJQNOI(GKPIQNF#JNUVTÌO(DC5EJN

8QT\ÒINKEJ





-TQPGP5VQEMJQNOI(GKPIQNF#JNUVTÌO(DD5EJN

8QT\ÒINKEJ



(CUV5VGORGNINCP\



8014

8013



-TQPGP5VQEMJQNOI(GKPIQNF#JNUVTÌO(DD5EJN



)WUVCX8-TQPGP5VQEMJQNOI(GKPIQNF8CTKCPVGOKVITQ­GT/ÒP\OGKUVGT UKIPCVWTCWHFGT4ÒEMUGKVG#JNUVTÌO(D5EJN 8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



8015 8016

8019



-TQPGP5VQEMJQNOI(GKPIQNF#JNUVTÌO(D5EJN

8QT\ÒINKEJ





-CTN:8+)WUVCXUGKV-TQPGP,CJTGUVCIFGT)TÒPFWPIXQP(QTV%JTKUVKPCKP 0GW5EJYGFGP JGWVG9KNOKPIVQP&GNCYCTG I(GKPIQNF(D5EJN 5VGORGNINCP\





 -TQPGP   ,CJTGUVCI FGT )TÒPFWPI XQP (QTV %JTKUVKPC KP 0GW5EJYGFGP JGWVG 9KN   OKPIVQP&GNCYCTG I(GKPIQNF(D5EJN 5VGORGNINCP\





 -TQPGP   ,CJTGUVCI FGT )TÒPFWPI XQP (QTV %JTKUVKPC KP 0GW5EJYGFGP JGWVG 9KN   OKPIVQP&GNCYCTG +PUIGUCOVI(GKPIQNF(D Z 5EJN Z  5VÒEM5VGORGNINCP\





 -TQPGP  'KUJQEMG[9GNVOGKUVGTUEJCHV KP 5VQEMJQNO  I (GKPIQNF (D  5EJN    5VGORGNINCP\





 -TQPGP  'KUJQEMG[9GNVOGKUVGTUEJCHV KP 5VQEMJQNO +PUIGUCOV  I (GKPIQNF (D   

Z 5EJN Z  5VÒEM5VGORGNINCP\



.165%*9'&'0 

1UMCT++-TQPGP (DD -TQPGP (D -TQPGP (DC Z )WUVCX8-TQPGP (DZ +PUIGUCOVI(GKPIQNF  5VÒEM8QT\ÒINKEJ

 189


SPANIEN

8022

5%*9'+<

$'40 

5VCFV&WRNQPGPI&6D(D  9KP\-TCV\GTCVVTCMVKXGUXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT

8027

8025

8023



5'4$+'0 

/KNCP+81DTGPQYKVUEJ&KPCTC#2CTKUI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN 8QT\ÒINKEJ



 

&KPCTC#2CTKUI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN &KPCTC89KGPI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN

 



&KPCTC89KGP&C\W&KPCTC89KGP+PUIGUCOVI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN 5VÒEM8QT\ÒINKEJ





&KPCTC89KGPI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN



5GJTUEJÌP 8QT\ÒINKEJ

5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

8028

1,5:1

1,5:1

52#0+'0

#4#)10 

,WCP ++  &WMCV Q , <CTCIQ\C  I )GMTÌPVGU $TWUVDKNF X X OKV FGT 4GEJVGP FCU   <GRVGTUEJWNVGTPFTKO(GNF(KUEJÒDGT%)GMTÌPVGU9CRRGP%%(DC  44'VYCUMQTTQFKGTVUQPUVUCWDGTCWUIGRT·IVGUXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT 

8029 1,5:1

 190

1,5:1

(GTPCPFQ++  &WMCVQ,$$$CTEGNQPCI%CNKEÉ(D  44'VYCUMQTTQFKGTVUGJTUEJÌP




SPANIEN

8030

8031 1,5:1

$#4%'.10# 

,QUG0CRQNGQP2GUGVCU$CTEGNQPCI(GKPIQNF%CNKEÉ(D5EJN (GKPG6ÌPWPIHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJXQT\ÒINKEJ



-¤0+)4'+%* 

(GTPCPFQWPF+UCDGN&WMCVQ,5%8CNGPEKCI%CNKEÉ(D  'VYCUMQTTQFKGTVWPFIGYGNNVUGJTUEJÌP



8032 1,5:1

1,5:1



%CTNQU +   &WMCVGP Q , 8CNGPEKC  I -TGW\ KP 8KGTRC­ KP FGP 9KPMGNP LG GKP   4KPIGN)GMTÌPVGU9CRRGP%CNKEÉ(D 445GJTUEJÌP 

8033

1,5:1



1,5:1

(GNKRG++'UEWFQUQ,55GXKNNCI%CNKEÉ(D

44(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



8035

8034 1,5:1

 

'UEWFQUQ,6/6QNGFQI%CNKEÉ(D 'UEWFQUQ,#8CNNCFQNKFI%CNKEÉ(D

5GJTUEJÌP 5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

  191


SPANIEN

8038

8036

8037

8037



(GTPCPFQ8+'UEWFQ/,$/CFTKFI%CNKEÉ(D

8QT\ÒINKEJ



%CTNQU+++'UEWFQU/2,/CFTKF+P752NCUVKMJQNFGTFGT0)%OKVFGT$GYGT VWPI:(%CNKEÉ(D 4-N4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP



'UEWFQ/,&/CFTKFI%CNKEÉ(D

8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\

  

8040

8039

8039



'UEWFQU5%/5GXKNNCI%CNKEÉ(D



'UEWFQU5%5GXKNNCI%CNKEÉ(D

8042

8043

5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJXQT\ÒINKEJ



5GNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI8QT\ÒINKEJ



8041

8044

8045



'UEWFQ5%5GXKNNCI%CNKEÉ(D

445GJTUEJÌP





%CTNQU+8'UEWFQU//(/CFTKFI%CNKEÉ(D5EJN  5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





'UEWFQU//(/CFTKFI%CNKEÉ(D5EJN

8QT\ÒINKEJ





'UEWFQU//(/CFTKFI%CNKEÉ(D5EJN

8QT\ÒINKEJ





 'UEWFQU  /(# /ÒP\\GKEJGP KO 5VGORGNCWU/(IG·PFGTV /CFTKFI(GKPIQNF%CNKEÉ (D5EJN 5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

192




SPANIEN

8047 8046

8046



'UEWFQU/(#/CFTKFI(GKPIQNF%CNKEÉ(D5EJN  4#VVTCMVKXGUHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT



(GTPCPFQ8++'UEWFQU/+,/CFTKFI(GKPIQNF%CNKEÉ(D

FQTVOKVHCNUEJGT,CJTGUCPICDG 5EJN 5GJTUEJÌP

 

8048

8049

8049



'UEWFQU/),/CFTKFI(GKPIQNF%CNKEÉ(D5EJN

8QT\ÒINKEJ





4GCNGU/54/CFTKFI(GKPIQNF%CNKEÉ(D5EJN  449KP\5EJTÌVNKPIUHGJNGTCO4CPFUGJTUEJÌP



8051

8052

8050

8050



4GCNGU/54/CFTKFI(GKPIQNF%CNKEÉ(D5EJN  44-N*GPMGNURWTMN4CPFHGJNGTUEJÌPpUGJTUEJÌP



'UEWFQU/#,/CFTKFI(GKPIQNF%CNKEÉ(D5EJN  (CUVXQT\ÒINKEJXQT\ÒINKEJ





'UEWFQU/#,/CFTKFI(GKPIQNF%CNKEÉ(D5EJN



8053

8QT\ÒINKEJ



8054



+UCDGNNC ++   4GCNGU  $25 $CTEGNQPC  I (GKPIQNF %CNKEÉ  (D    5EJN -N4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





4GCNGU &WDNQPG /%./CFTKFI(GKPIQNF%CNKEÉ(D5EJN  5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

 193


SPANIEN

8055

8056



4GCNGU$CTEGNQPCI(GKPIQNF%CNKEÉ(D5EJN



4GCNGU5GXKNNCI(GKPIQNF%CNKEÉ(D5EJN

8057 (Pt)



4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ



5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



8058 (Pt)

 'UEWFQU  /CFTKF  I %CNKEÉ  FQTV KP )QNF  (D  FQTV KP )QNF  (WEJU    5EJN 2.#6+08QT\ÒINKEJ



$GK FKGUGT WPF FGT HQNIGPFGP UGNVGPGP 2NCVKPRT·IWPI JCPFGNV GU UKEJ WO GKPG \GKVIGPÌUUKUEJG (·NUEJWPI FWTEJ   UVCCVNKEJG /ÒP\DGCOVG &GT 2TGKU HÒT 2NCVKP NCI /KVVG FGU  ,CJTJWPFGTVU FGWVNKEJ WPVGT FGO )QNFRTGKU &KG   2NCVKPUVÒEMGYWTFGPQHVXGTIQNFGVWPF\WUCOOGPOKVFGPTGIWN·TGP)QNFOÒP\GPINGKEJGP6[RUKP8GTMGJTIGDTCEJV



 'UEWFQU  /CFTKF  I %CNKEÉ  FQTV KP )QNF  (D  FQTV KP )QNF  (WEJU    5EJN 2.#6+09KP\4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



8059

8061

8061



#NHQPUQ:+++2GUGVCU/2//CFTKF$CD[MQRHI(GKPIQNF%CNKEÉ (D5EJN 8QT\ÒINKEJ





2GUGVCU/2//CFTKF$CD[MQRHI(GKPIQNF%CNKEÉ(D5EJN  8QT\ÒINKEJ





2GUGVCU5)8/CFTKF1HHK\KGNNG0CEJRT·IWPII(GKPIQNF%CNKEÉ FQTVWPVGT (TCPEQ (D45EJN (CUV5VGORGNINCP\



8062

1,5:1

1,5:1

$¤*/'0  194

65%*'%*+'0

,QJCPPXQP.WZGODWTI)QNFIWNFGPPCEJ(NQTGPVKPGT6[RQ,2TCII&QPGDXCT (D)CODGTKPK 8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV5GJTCVVTCMVKXGU'ZGORNCTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ




SPANIEN

8063

8064

8065

65%*'%*15.19#-'+ 

4GRWDNKM&WMCV-TGOPKV\5V9GP\GNI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN  0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV8QT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ





&WMCV-TGOPKV\5V9GP\GNI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN





&WMCVGP-TGOPKV\,CJTGUVCIFGT4GRWDNKMI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN

8QT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJp5VGORGNINCP\ 8QT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ





&WMCVGP-TGOPKV\5V9GP\GNI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN  0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV8QT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





&WMCVGP-TGOPKV\5V9GP\GNI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN  0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV(CUV5VGORGNINCP\



8066

8069

8067

8070

8068



&WMCVGP-TGOPKV\5V9GP\GNI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN  0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV(CUV5VGORGNINCP\





&WMCV-TGOPKV\)GDWTVUVCIXQP&T/KTQUNCY6[TUI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN  (CUV5VGORGNINCP\





&WMCV  -TGOPKV\ CWH FGP 6QF XQP &T #PVQPKP 5XGJNC  I (GKPIQNF 1JPG -TGW\ Ã&#x2019;DGT FGT   ,CJTGU\CJN(D5EJN 0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV8QT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



8072 8071

8071



&WMCVGP-TGOPKV\5V9GP\GNI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN  5GNVGPGT,CJTICPI0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV8QT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





&WMCVGP-TGOPKV\5V9GP\GNI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN  5GNVGPGT,CJTICPI0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV8QT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJp5VGORGNINCP\

 195


TÜRKEI

ex 8073

8074

8074

6ª4-'+ 

#JOGF+#NVKP #* +UVCPDWNI&C\WGKPYGKVGTGU'ZGORNCT ,CJTGU \CJNPKEJVNGUDCT /KUTI2GTGXIN 5VÒEM)GNQEJV Z UGJTUEJÌP



/QJCOOGF 8   2KCUVGT    #*   4GIKGTWPIULCJT  I (GKPIQNF   (D5EJN 8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\ 

8076

8077



8075



/QJCOOGF 8+   2KCUVGT    #*   4GIKGTWPIULCJT  I (GKP   IQNF(D5EJN *GPMGNURWTMN4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP 



4GRWDNKM UGKV   2KCUVGT  -QPUVCPVKPQRGN +UVCPDWN  .WZWURT·IWPI  I (GKPIQNF   (D5EJN 5VGORGNINCP\



2KCUVGT-QPUVCPVKPQRGN +UVCPDWN .WZWURT·IWPII(GKPIQNF(D5EJN  5VGORGNINCP\

 

8078



196

2KCUVGT,CJT-QPUVCPVKPQRGN +UVCPDWN 2T·IWPI\WT'TKPPGTWPICP/WUVCHC-GOCN2CUEJC

#VCVÒTM  KP5CNQPKMKÓKP#PMCTCI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN  0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\




UNGARN

8079

8081

8080

70)#40 

-CTN4QDGTV)QNFIWNFGPQ,  (NQTGPVKPGT6[RI(D2QJN#C  45GJTUEJÌP



&CUXQTNKGIGPFG5VÒEMKUVFGTGTUVGWPICTKUEJG)QNFIWNFGP2QJNJCVDGYKGUGPFC­FKG5VÒEMGOKVFGO$GK\GKEJGP -TQPGPCEJ7PICTPIGJÌTGP'UJCPFGNVUKEJWOFKG5VGRJCPUMTQPGFCUWPICTKUEJG5VCCVUU[ODQN+O6GUVCOGPVFGU $KUEJQHU-QPTCFXQP1NOÒV\YGTFGPFGTCTVKIG/ÒP\GPGTY·JPV



.WFYKI +  )QNFIWNFGP Q ,   $WFC (NQTGPVKPGT 6[R  I -COOGTITCH   .QTCPFWU(D2QJN$ (CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





)QNFIWNFGPQ,  $WFC(NQTGPVKPGT6[RI-COOGTITCH.QTCPFWU(D2QJN$ 5GJTUEJÌP



8082

8084

8083

8085



5KIKUOWPF  )QNFIWNFGP Q ,   *GTOCPPUVCFV  I 5V·FVKUEJG 8GTYCNVWPI   (D2QJN&p 5GJTUEJÌP





.CFKUNCWU 8  )QNFIWNFGP Q ,   -TGOPKV\  I -COOGTITCH -QPTCF *ÌN\NGT  

*WDOGKUVGTXQP¤UVGTTGKEJ (D2QJN*p 9KP\4CPFHGJNGTHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





/CVVJKCU%QTXKPWU)QNFIWNFGPQ,-TGOPKV\I(D2QJN-p  5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





)QNFIWNFGPQ,  0CI[D±P[CI)GRT·IVHÒT$CPWU0KEQNCWU7LNCM[(D2QJN- p 5GJTUEJÌP



8086

8087

8087



)QNFIWNFGPQ, EC 0CI[D±P[I-COOGTITCH#NDGTV,WPI(D2QJN-p  5GJTUEJÌP



8QNMUTGRWDNKM   (QTKPV  $WFCRGUV  )GDWTVUVCI XQP <QNV±P -QF±N[  I   (GKPIQNF(D5EJN 40WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV2QNKGTVG2NCVVG 



197


SIEBENBÜRGEN

8088

8089

8090



 (QTKPV$WFCRGUV)GDWTVUVCIXQP<QNV±P-QF±N[I(GKPIQNF(D5EJN 0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV2QNKGTVG2NCVVG 



 (QTKPV  $WFCRGUV  )GDWTVUVCI XQP &T +IPC\ 5GOOGNYGKU  I (GKPIQNF (D    5EJN 0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV2QNKGTVG2NCVVG 



 (QTKPV  $WFCRGUV  )GDWTVUVCI XQP &T +IPC\ 5GOOGNYGKU  I (GKPIQNF (D    5EJN 0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



8092

8091



 (QTKPV  $WFCRGUV  )GDWTVUVCI XQP &T +IPC\ 5GOOGNYGKU  I (GKPIQNF (D    5EJN 0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV2QNKGTVG2NCVVG





4GRWDNKMUGKV(QTKPV,CJTGUVCIFGT-TÌPWPIXQP-ÌPKI/CVVJKCU+%QTXK PWUI(GKPIQNF(D +P1TKIKPCNGVWK2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



8094

8093

1,5:1

1,5:1

8093

5+'$'0$ª4)'0(ª456'0 

,QJCPP++5KIKUOWPFWPVGT8QTOWPFUEJCHVUGKPGT/WVVGT+UCDGNNC&WMCVI (D4GUEJ 45GJTUEJÌP



&CU 9CRRGP CWH FGT 4ÒEMUGKVG UGV\V UKEJ YKG HQNIV \WUCOOGP +O  CDGTOCNU KP  6GKNG IGVGKNVGP (GNF FGT   <CRQN[C UEJG 9QNH FCU WPICTKUEJG -TGW\ FKG WPICTKUEJGP 5VTGKHGP WPF GKP UVGKIGPFGU 'KPJQTP KO  (GNF FGT   RQNPKUEJG#FNGTKOFKG/CKN·PFGT5EJNCPIGKOFKGFCNOCVKPKUEJGP2CPVJGTMÌRHG+UCDGNNCYCTFKG6QEJVGTFGU -ÌPKIU5KIKUOWPFXQP2QNGPKJTG/WVVGTYCTGKPGOCKN·PFKUEJG2TKP\GUUKPCWUFGO*CWUG$QPC5HQT\CFCJGTFCU 9CRRGP2QNGP/CKNCPF

 198

,QJCPP++5KIKUOWPF)QNFCDUEJNCIXQPFGP5VGORGNPFGU1DQNUI(D 4GUEJ 44)GNQEJVUGJTUEJÌP 


SIEBENBÜRGEN

8095

1,5:1

1,5:1



%JTKUVQRJ$CVJQT[&WMCV*GTOCPPUVCFVI(D4GUEJ  445GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

8096

1,5:1

1,5:1





5KIKUOWPF$CVJQT[&WMCV0$0CI[D±P[CI5+)+5Ù&Ù)Û64#/1.Û 9# Û 6 Û 5 Ú 4+2 Ú )GMTÌPVGT &QRRGNCFGT OKV FGO (COKNKGPYCRRGP $CVJQT[ CWH FGT $TWUV WOJGT   FKG-GVVGFGU1TFGPUXQO)QNFGPGP8NKGU5.#&+5.#85ÉÉÜÚ4':ÛÛÌÉ&GTIGMTÌPVG WPF IGJCTPKUEJVG 5V .CFKUNCWU UVGJV X X KP FGT 4GEJVGP .CP\G KP FGT .KPMGP 4GKEJUCRHGN \W FGP   5GKVGP0$(D4GUEJ 445GJTUEJÌPGU'ZGORNCT 

8097

8097 1,5:1



5VGRJCP $QEUMCK   &WMCVGP   I Ê 56' Ù $1%*-#; Ü & Ù ) Ù *80)# Ù   64#0 Ù 3 Ü 24+0 Ù '6 Ü 5+%8 Ù %1/'5 )GJCTPKUEJVGU $TWUVDKNF T OKV 2GN\OÒV\GÊ &8.%' Ü   '56Ü241Ü2#64+#Ü/14+ÜÙÙÙ#WU9QNMGPMQOOGPFGTIGJCTPKUEJVGT#TOOKV5EJYGTV FCUXQPGKPGO$CPFOKVFGT#WHUEJTKHV241Ü&'1'6Ü2#64+#WOYWPFGPKUV(D4GUEJ 444CPFHGJNGT$GCTDGKVWPIUUVGNNGKO(GNFUGJTUEJÌP 

8098



8099

)CDTKGN $GVJNGP  &WMCV  ,CJTGU\CJNKO5VGORGNCWUIG·PFGTV 0$0CI[D±P[C I(D4GUEJXCT 45GJTUEJÌP 

7-4#+0' 

4GRWDNKM*[TXGP5V/KEJCGNU-CVJGFTCNGI(GKPIQNF(D

2QNKGTVG2NCVVG

 199


ÄTHIOPIEN

/ª0<'070&/'&#+..'0#75ª$'45''

8100 8101

8101

);26'0 

#DFWN#\K\2KCUVGT #* 4GIKGTWPIULCJT2CTKU2TQDGI(GKP IQNF(DC5EJN (CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



(WCF2KCUVGT #* I(GKPIQNF(D

8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\

8102

 

8103



(CTQWM2KCUVGT #* *QEJ\GKVI(GKPIQNF(D  9KP\-TCV\GTXQT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





#TCDKUEJG4GRWDNKMI[RVGPUGKV2QWPFU #* 2T·UKFGPV5CFCVI(GKP IQNF(D 0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV2TCEJVGZGORNCT5VGORGNINCP\



8104

8105

37#614+#.)7+0'# 

4GRWDNKM UGKV   'MWGNG  (W­DCNNYGNVOGKUVGTUEJCHV KP #TIGPVKPKGP  I (GKPIQNF   (D 0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



#()*#0+56#0 

4GRWDNKM#HIJCPKUVCP#HIJCPK4GVVGVFKG6KGTYGNV2COKT9KNFUEJCHI (GKPIQNF(D 40WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



8106 8107

8107

6*+12+'0 

/GPGNKM++9CTM '' I(GKPIQNF(D  4-N4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ





$KTT '' 2TQDGKP)QNFI-/2P  8QPITQ­GT5GNVGPJGKV-N4CPFHGJNGT(CUUWPIUURWTGPUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



200


ASERBAIDSCHAN

8111

8108

8108



*CKNG5GNCUUKGWPF&QNNCTU)GDWTVUVCII(GKPIQNF(D 2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



 

&QNNCTU)GDWTVUVCII(GKPIQNF(D &QNNCTU)GDWTVUVCII(GKPIQNF(D

 



5Q\KCNKUVKUEJG4GIKGTWPI$KTT '' 4GVVGVFKG6KGTYGNV#DGUUKPKUEJGT 5VGKPDQEMI(GKPIQNF(D 40WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV2QNKGTVG2NCVVG

2QNKGTVG2NCVVG 8QT\ÒINKEJCWURQNKGTVGT2NCVVG



8112

#4)'06+0+'0 

$WGPQU#KTGU5VCFV)QNFOGFCKNNGXQP%4QUUKCWHFGP,CJTGUVCIFGT7PCDJ·PIKIMGKVUGT MN·TWPI 9GKDNKEJG )GUVCNV UVGJV X X KP IGÌHHPGVGO 2QTVCN9GKDNKEJG )GUVCNV OKV (CJPG UKV\V PCEJ N   CWH2QFGUVFCTCWHXKGT<GKNGP5EJTKHVXQTKJTPCEMVGT)GPKWUKPFGTGTJQDGPGP4GEJVGP(CEMGNKPFGT .KPMGP 5EJKNF N RHNÒIGPFGT $CWGT KO *KPVGTITWPF 5EJKHHG CWH 5GG /KV 4CPFUEJTKHV %1/+5+10   0#%+10#.&'.%'06'0#4+1&'.#+0&'2'0&'0%+#OOI 8QT\ÒINKEJ 

8114 8113

#5%'05+10 

'NK\CDGVJ++UGKV2GPEGCWHFGP6QFGUVCIXQP-ÌPKIKP8KEVQTKCI(GKPIQNF (D 0WT'ZGONCTGIGRT·IV2QNKGTVG2NCVVG

4'27$.+- 

8113



#5'4$#+&5%*#0

/CPCVCWHFGP)GDWTVUVCIXQP/GJGOOGF(W\ÑNÄI(GKPIQNF-/  0WT5VÒEMIGRT·IV+P1TKIKPCNGVWK2QNKGTVG2NCVVG

 201


AUSTRALIEN

8115

2:1



2:1

#7564#.+'0

8KEVQTKC5QXGTGKIP5[FPG[I(GKPIQNF(D5EJN  5GNVGPGT,CJTICPIKPCW­GTIGYÌJPNKEJGT3WCNKV·V(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ

8116

8117

8118



8119



5QXGTGKIP5[FPG[I(GKPIQNF(D5EJN

(CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





5QXGTGKIP5[FPG[I(GKPIQNF(D5EJN

#VVTCMVKXGUXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT





5QXGTGKIP5[FPG[I(GKPIQNF(D5EJN

8QT\ÒINKEJ





5QXGTGKIP55[FPG[I(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5GCD[

(CUVUGJTUEJÌP



8120

8121

8122

8123



5QXGTGKIP55[FPG[I(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5GCD[  #VVTCMVKXGUXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCT





5QXGTGKIP55[FPG[I(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5GCD[  9KP\4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ





5QXGTGKIP//GNDQWTPGI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5GCD[%  9KP\-TCV\GTXQT\ÒINKEJ





5QXGTGKIP55[FPG[I(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5GCD['



202

5GJTUEJÌP


BAHAMAS

8125

8124

8127

8126



5QXGTGKIP55[FPG[I(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5GCD[



8128

8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



5QXGTGKIP55[FPG[I(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5GCD['

8QT\ÒINKEJ





5QXGTGKIP55[FPG[I(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5GCD['

5GJTUEJÌP





5QXGTGKIP//GNDQWTPGI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5GCD[%

8QT\ÒINKEJ





5QXGTGKIP55[FPG[I(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5GCD['  -N-TCV\GTHCUVUGJTUEJÌP



8129

8130

8131

8132



5QXGTGKIP55[FPG[I(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5GCD[$

5GJTUEJÌP





5QXGTGKIP22GTVJI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5GCD[

5GJTUEJÌP





)GQTIG85QXGTGKIP//GNDQWTPGI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5GCD[ 8QT\ÒINKEJ





5QXGTGKIP//GNDQWTPGI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5GCD[

8QT\ÒINKEJ





'NK\CDGVJ++UGKV&QNNCTU%JTKUVQRJGT%QNWODWUI(GKPIQNF(D  40WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV2QNKGTVG2NCVVG





&QNNCTU)QNHI(GKPIQNF(D



8133

8134

$#*#/#5

2QNKGTVG2NCVVG

203


BRASILIEN

8135

8136

8137

$'.+<' 

'NK\CDGVJ++UGKV&QNNCTUCWHFGP,CJTGUVCIFGT5EJNCEJVDGK'N#NCOGKP)GPGTCN NGWVPCPV$GTPCTF.CY/QPVIQOGT[I(GKPIQNF(D  0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



$*76#0 

,KIOG&QTLK9CPIEJWEM5GTVWOU,CJTGUVCIFGT6JTQPDGUVGKIWPIUGKPGU8CVGTU &TWM)[CNRQ,KIOG9CPIEJWEMI(GKPIQNF(D  0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



$1659#0# 

4GRWDNKMUGKV2WNC4GVVGVFKG6KGTYGNV$TCWPG*[·PGI(GKPIQNF(D  0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV5VGORGNINCP\

8138

8139



8140

$4#5+.+'0 

,QJCPP 8   4GKU  4 4KQ FG ,CPGKTQ  I (D  )QOGU ,    8QT\ÒINKEJ 



/CTKC+4GKU44KQFG,CPGKTQI(D)QOGU/5EJN (CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ





,QJCPP2TKP\TGIGPV4GKU44KQFG,CPGKTQI(GKPIQNF(D)QOGU ,45EJN #VVTCMVKXGUXQT\ÒINKEJGU'ZGORNCTOKVUEJÌPGT6ÌPWPI



204


COSTA RICA

8141 1,5:1



1,5:1

,QJCPPGU 8+   4GKU  4 4KQ FG ,CPGKTQ  I (GKPIQNF (D  )QOGU ,   5EJN 5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ 

8142

$470'+ 

&QNNCTU,CJTGUVCIFGT-TÌPWPIXQP5WNVCP*CUUCPCN$QNMKCJI(GKPIQNF(D 0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV2QNKGTVG2NCVVG 

%*+0# 

8QNMUTGRWDNKM;WCPI(GKPIQNF(D$

8144

2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



8145 8144

%156#4+%# 

<GPVTCNCOGTKMCPKUEJG 4GRWDNKM   'UEWFQU  ( 5CP ,QUG  I (GKPIQNF   (D 445GJTUEJÌP 



'UEWFQ,$5CP,QUGI(GKPIQNF/KV)GIGPUVGORGNCWH8QTFGTWPF4ÒEMUGKVG.ÌYGNKP 5EJTKHVMTGKU(D 5GJTUEJÌP



8147 8146

8146



4GRWDNKMUGKV%QNQPGU,WCP5CPVCOCTKCI(GKPIQNF(D  0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV2QNKGTVG2NCVVG





%QNQPGU4GVVGVFKG6KGTYGNV#OGKUGPD·TI(GKPIQNF(D  0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV5VGORGNINCP\

 205


GABUN

8148

&#*1/'; 

4GRWDNKM(TCPEU,CJTG7PCDJ·PIKIMGKV&TGK2T·UKFGPVGPI(GKP IQNF(D 40WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



8150

ex 8149

'.('0$'+0-ª56' 

4GRWDNKM UGKV   (TCPEU   (TCPEU   (TCPEU  2T·UKFGPV (GNKZ *QWRJQWGV   $QKIP[5VCCVURT·UKFGPVUGKV+PUIGUCOVI(GKPIQNF(D  5VÒEM2QNKGTVG2NCVVGOKPDGTÒJTV 

(#.-.#0&+05'.0 

'NK\CDGVJ++UGKV2QWPFU4GVVGVFKG6KGTYGNV(CNMNCPF5GGD·TI(GKPIQNF(D 40WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV2QNKGTVG2NCVVG

8152

8151





2QWPFUCWHFGP,CJTGUVCIKJTGT-TÌPWPII(GKPIQNF(D  40WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV+P1TKIKPCNGVWK2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



(+&5%*++05'.0 

'NK\CDGVJ ++ UGKV   &QNNCTU  4GVVGV FKG 6KGTYGNV  -WT\MCOONGIWCP  I (GKPIQNF   (D 0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV2QNKGTVG2NCVVG 

8153

)#$70  206

4GRWDNKM UGKV   (TCPEU  $GUWEJ FGU HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP 2T·UKFGPVGP )GQTIGU 2QORKFQW   I(GKPIQNF(D 2QNKGTVG2NCVVGOKPDGTÒJTV




INDIEN

8154

8155

8156

)#/$+# 

4GRWDNKMUGKV&CNCUKU$GFTQJVG6KGTYGNV.ÌYGI(GKPIQNF(D  0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV+P1TKIKPCNGVWK2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



4GRWDNKM(TCPEUCWHFGP,CJTGUVCIFGT7PCDJ·PIKIMGKV-QRHXQP#JOGF5GMQW 6QWTGI(GKPIQNF(D 2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



4GRWDNKM)QWTFGUCWHFGP,CJTGUVCIFGT4GXQNWVKQPI(GKPIQNF(D  8QT\ÒINKEJCWURQNKGTVGT2NCVVG





)7+0'# *#+6+



8157

8158

+0&+'0 

8KEVQTKC/QJWT-CNMWVVC%QPVKPWQWUNGIGPFI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN 5GJTUEJÌP



/QJWT-CNMWVVCI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN



8QT\ÒINKEJ



8QT\ÒINKEJ



8159

1,5:1



1,5:1

)GQTIG84WRGGU-CNMWVVCI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN

207


IRAN

8161

8160



5QXGTGKIP+$QODC[I(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5GCD[



1UVKPFKUEJG-QORCPKG/QJWT 4WRGGU Q,  $QODC[I(GKPIQNF(D5EJN (CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ

8162 1,5:1

8QT\ÒINKEJ

 

1,5:1

$#*#9#.274 

5CFKS/WJCOOCF-JCP8#UJTCHK #* I(GKPIQNF(D -N4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ



8163 8165

8164

%76%*$*7, 

2TCIOCNLK++-QTK85  I(GKPIQNF(D

8QT\ÒINKEJ



*;&'4#$#& 

0K\CO /KT 7UOCP #NK -JCP  #UJTCHK    #*   I (GKPIQNF (D    8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



/#&4#5 

$TKVKUEJG 1UVKPFKUEJG -QORCPKG   /QJWT Q ,    I (GKPIQNF (D    5EJN (CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ 

8167 8166

8166

+4#- 

4GRWDNKM&KPCTU,CJTG*GIKTC/QUEJGGI(GKPIQNF(D  8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\CWURQNKGTVGT2NCVVG



+4#0  208

(CVJ#NK6QOCP #* I(D

8QT\ÒINKEJ




JAMAIKA

8168

8170

8169



0CUTGFKP6QOCPU #* I(GKPIQNF(D  -N4CPFHGJNGTHCUVXQT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ



6QOCPU #* 5QIGPCPPVG6CRHGTMGKVUOGFCKNNGI(GKPIQNF(D FQTVKTTVWO NKEJOKV,CJTGU\CJN#*CWHIGHÃ&#x2019;JTV -/ 7PWUWCN9QTNF%QKPU /8  -N4CPFHGJNGT-TCV\GTXQT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ



/QJCOOGF4K\C2CJNGXK.QVXQPWPF4KCNUKP)QNF (D  WPFWPF4KCNUKP5KNDGT -/ CWHFKG ,CJTHGKGTFGU2GTUKUEJGP4GKEJGU+PUIGUCOVI(GKPIQNFWPFI(GKPUKNDGT  5VÃ&#x2019;EM)1.& Z WPF5+.$'4 Z 2QNKGTVG2NCVVG







8173

8171

+54#'. 

4GRWDNKM UGKV   .KTQV  CWH FGP  6QFGUVCI FGU 5VCCVURT·UKFGPVGP %JCKO 9GK\OCPP   I(GKPIQNF(D 5VGORGNINCP\





.KTQVCWHFGP6QFGUVCIFGU5VCCVURT·UKFGPVGP%JCKO9GK\OCPPI(GKPIQNF(D 8QPRQNKGTVGP5VGORGNPHCUV5VGORGNINCP\





.KTQVCWHFGP5KGI+UTCGNUKO5GEJU6CIG-TKGII(GKPIQNF(D

5VGORGNINCP\



2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



8174

,#/#+-# 

'NK\CDGVJ++UGKV&QNNCTU/KNNGPPKWOI(GKPIQNF(D

209


KANADA

1,5:1

8175 1,5:1

,#2#0 

/WVUWJKVQ   ;GP ,CJT  /GKLK TC   1UCMC  I (GKPIQNF (D  ,C   EQDU8GTOGWNG0 448QT\ÒINKEJ 

8177

8176

8177



;GP,CJT/GKLKTC  1UCMCI(GKPIQNF(D,CEQDU8GTOGWNG1  8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\



;GP,CJT/GKLKTC  1UCMCI(GKPIQNF(D,CEQDU8GTOGWNG.

8QT\ÒINKEJ

 

8179 8178

8178



*KTQJKVQ   ;GP  CWH UGKP L·JTKIGU 4GIKGTWPIULWDKN·WO  I (GKPIQNF   (D 45VGORGNINCP\





2TQXKP\-QUJW+EJK$WWOI(D,CEQDU8GTOGWNG(



8180

8182

%1//109'#.6*

8181

5GJTUEJÌP

8183

8184

-#0#&#



)GQTIG 8  5QXGTGKIP  % 1VVCYC  I (GKPIQNF (D  5EJN  5GCD[    8QT\ÒINKEJ



   

&QNNCTU1VVCYCI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN 5QXGTGKIP%1VVCYCI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5GCD[ 5QXGTGKIP%1VVCYCI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5GCD[ 5QXGTGKIP%1VVCYCI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN5GCD[

   

210

8QT\ÒINKEJ 48QT\ÒINKEJ 8QT\ÒINKEJ 8QT\ÒINKEJ


KOLUMBIEN

8185 8186

8186

-1.7/$+'0 

%CTNQU+++'UEWFQU20,2QRC[CPI%CNKEÉ(D



%CTNQU+8'UEWFQU04,,5CPVC(G 0WGXQ4GKPQ I(GKPIQNF%CNKEÉ (D5EJN (CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ

8187

 

8190

8188

8189

5GJTUEJÌP

8189



'UEWFQU2,(2QRC[CPI(GKPIQNF%CNKEÉ(D5EJN



(GTPCPFQ 8++   'UEWFQU  2,( 2QRC[CP  I (GKPIQNF %CNKEÉ  (D    5EJN -N4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌP 



'UEWFQ2,(2QRC[CPI(GKPIQNF%CNKEÉ(D5EJN  5GNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI8QT\ÒINKEJp5VGORGNINCP\





4GRWDNKM-QNWODKGP'UEWFQU,($QIQVCI(GKPIQNF(D  -N2T·IGUEJY·EJGUGJTUEJÌP



8191

8193

8192

5GJTUEJÌP



8194

8192



2GUQ,($QIQVCI(GKPIQNF(D

5GJTUEJÌP





)TCPCFKUEJG-QPHÌFGTCVKQP2GUQU$QIQVCI(GKPIQNF(D  -N4CPFHGJNGTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





8GTGKPKIVG 5VCCVGP XQP -QNWODKGP   2GUQU  /GFGNNKP  I (GKPIQNF (D    9KP\4CPFHGJNGTXQT\ÒINKEJ





2GUQ/GFGNNKPI(GKPIQNF(D



-N-TCV\GTUGJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ

211


MEXIKO

8195



4GRWDNKMCD5GVXQPWPF2GUQU'WEJCTKUVKUEJGT9GNVMQPITGUU KP$QIQVC+PUIGUCOVI(GKPIQNF(D 5VÃ&#x2019;EM2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



8197

8196



2GUQU4GVVGVFKG6KGTYGNV1\GNQVI(GKPIQNF(D  0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



/WCOOCT #DW /KP[CT CN)CFFCHK  )QNFOGFCKNNG  WPUKIPKGTV CWH UGKP L·JTKIGU   4GIKGTWPIULWDKN·WO 7PKHQTOKGTVGU $TWUVDKNF JCNDT#PVKMG (GUVWPI  OO  I -/ : 2TCEJVGZGORNCT5VGORGNINCP\



.+$;'0 

8199

8198

/#.#9+

8198



4GRWDNKM-YCEJC4GVVGVFKG6KGTYGNV0[CNC#PVKNQRGPI(GKPIQNF(D  40WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



4GRWDNKM'UEWFQ/Q/./GZKMQ%KV[I(GKPIQNF(D)TQXG 8QT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ



/':+-1 

8200 8201

8201



'UEWFQU)C,))WCFCNCLCTCI(GKPIQNF(D)TQXG  -N4CPFHGJNGTHCUVXQT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ



'UEWFQU%28%WNKCECPI(GKPIQNF(D)TQXG

212

8QT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ

 


NIGER

8202



/CZKOKNKCP   2GUQU  /Q /GZKMQ %KV[  I (GKPIQNF (D  )TQXG    5GNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI8QT\ÒINKEJ  /CZKOKNKCP FGT LÒPIGTG $TWFGT FGU -CKUGTU (TCP\ ,QUGH + XQP ¤UVGTTGKEJ PCJO  FKG KJO CWH $GVTGKDGP   0CRQN¾QPU +++ CPIGVTCIGPG OGZKMCPKUEJG -CKUGTMTQPG CP 'T IGTKGV FWTEJ UGKPG NKDGTCNG 'KPUVGNNWPI UEJPGNN KP   -QPHNKMVOKVFGP-QPUGTXCVKXGPWPF-NGTKMCNGPFGU.CPFGUWPFXGTUVCPFUKEJCWEJPKEJVOKVFGO$GHGJNUJCDGTFGT HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP 6TWRRGP 0CEJ FGO XQP FGP 8GTGKPKIVGP 5VCCVGP GT\YWPIGPGP 4ÒEM\WI FGU HTCP\ÌUKUEJGP   'ZRGFKVKQPUMQTRU  YWTFG FKG IGO·­KIVG WPF CWUINGKEJGPFG 2QNKVKM /CZKOKNKCPU FGT UKEJ YGKIGTVG OKV FGP   (TCP\QUGPFCU.CPF\WXGTNCUUGPDCNFWPJCNVDCT&GT-CKUGTHKGNCO/CKFWTEJ8GTTCVKPFKG)GYCNVFGU 2T·UKFGPVGP ,WCTG\ WPF YWTFG CO  ,WPK  OKV \YGK )GPGT·NGP JKPIGTKEJVGV &CU VTCIKUEJG 'PFG FGU PWT    ,CJTGCNVGPCWHRQNKVKUEJG+TTYGIGIGHÒJTVGPCDGTRGTUÌPNKEJKPVGIGTGP/CZKOKNKCPUHCPFKPFGTÌHHGPVNKEJGP/GKPWPI 'WTQRCUNGDJCHVGP9KFGTJCNN

8203

-¤0+)4'+%* 

2TKVJXK$KT$KMTCO6QNC 5' &C\W/QJCT 5' <W UCOOGPI(GKPIQNF(D 5VÒEM8QT\ÒINKEJ

8204



0'2#.

8206



8205

8KTGPFTC4WRKGP 85 4GVVGVFKG6KGTYGNV2CP\GTPCUJQTPI (GKPIQNF(D 0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV5VGORGNINCP\



0+)'4 

4GRWDNKM(TCPEU2T·UKFGPV*COCPKI(GKPIQNF(D  0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV(CUV5VGORGNINCP\CWURQNKGTVGT2NCVVG





(TCPEU2T·UKFGPV*COCPKI(GKPIQNF(D  0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV(CUV5VGORGNINCP\CWURQNKGTVGT2NCVVG

 213


SIERRA LEONE

8207

8210

8209

1/#0 

3WCDWUDKP5C KFUGKV1OCPK4KCNU #* 4GVVGVFKG6KGTYGNV#TCDKUEJGT6CJT I(GKPIQNF(D 0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV5VGORGNINCP\



2'47 

.16 4GRWDNKM UGKV   5QNGU   5QNGU   5QNGU   +PUIGUCOV  I   (GKPIQNF(D Z  5VÃ&#x2019;EM2QNKGTVG2NCVVGWPF5VGORGNINCP\



49#0&# 

4GRWDNKM(TCPEU2T·UKFGPV-CKDCPFCI(GKPIQNF(D  0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



5#7&+#4#$+'0 

(CKUCN $KP #DF #N#\K\  )QNFOGFCKNNG  WPUKIPKGTV CWH UGKPGP 4GIKGTWPIUCPVTKVV   $TWUVDKNFT#PUKEJVFGT/QUEJGGXQP/GMMCOOI /KPDGTÃ&#x2019;JTVRQNKGTVG2NCVVG 

8212

8211

8211

5+'44#.'10' 

4GRWDNKM)QNFG,CJTGUVCIFGT7PCDJ·PIKIMGKVI(GKPIQNF(D  0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



&QNNCTU,CJTFGU2HGTFGUI(GKPIQNF(Dp-/

214

2QNKGTVG2NCVVG

 


SÜDAFRIKA

ex 8213

8215

8214

8216

5ª&#(4+-# 

5ÒFCHTKMCPKUEJG 4GRWDNKM  2QWPF   +PUIGUCOV  I (GKPIQNF (D  &C\W     5JKNNKPIU-W2GPP[-/ 5VÒEMZ)1.&5GJTUEJÌPWPFHCUVXQT\ÒINKEJ



  

2QWPFI(GKPIQNF(D 2QWPFI(GKPIQNF(D 2QWPFI(GKPIQNF(D

  

5GNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI(CUV5VGORGNINCP\ 5GNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI(CUV5VGORGNINCP\ (CUVXQT\ÒINKEJ

8217



4GRWDNKMUGKV0CVWTC2TQQH5GVDGUVGJGPFCWU7P\G7P\G7P\GWPF7P\G )KTCHHG+PUIGUCOVI(GKPIQNF(D$$$$  5VÒEM+P1TKIKPCNUEJCVWNNG2QNKGTVG2NCVVG

8219

-¤0+)4'+%* 

8218

8220

59#<+.#0&

5QDJW\C ++   'OCNCPIGPK  CWH UGKPGP  )GDWTVUVCI  I (GKPIQNF (D    2QNKGTVG2NCVVG

6#+9#0





4GRWDNKM;WCP)GDWTVUVCIXQP%JKCPI-CKUJGMI(GKPIQNF(D FQTVWPVGT 4GRWDNKM%JKPC  4(CUV5VGORGNINCP\





6#05#0+# 

4GRWDNKM5JKNKPIK4GVVGVFKG6KGTYGNV)GRCTFI(GKPIQNF(D  0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV5VGORGNINCP\

 215


UGANDA

8221

8222

8222

6*#+.#0& 

4COC +: $JWOKDQN  UGKV   $CJV  4GVVGV FKG 6KGTYGNV  5KTKPVCTC5EJYCNDG  I   (GKPIQNF(D 0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV2QNKGTVG2NCVVG 

65%*#& 

4GRWDNKM  (TCPEU Q ,    ,CJTGUVCI FGT 7PCDJ·PIKIMGKV )GPGTCN FG )CWNNG  I   (GKPIQNF(D 2QNKGTVG2NCVVG 



(TCPEUQ,  ,CJTGUVCIFGT7PCDJ·PIKIMGKV)GPGTCNFG)CWNNGI(GKPIQNF(D 2QNKGTVG2NCVVG

8224



8225

670'5+'0 

7PVGT QUOCPKUEJGT *GTTUEJCHV 5WNVCP #DFWN /GLKF   2KCUVGT    #*    6WPKUKO0COGPFGU/QJCOOGF'U5CFQM$GKI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN  48QT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ 



7PVGTQUOCPKUEJGT*GTTUEJCHV5WNVCP#DFWN#\K\ 2KCUVGT #* 6W PKUKO0COGPFGU/QJCOOGF'U5CFQM$GKI(GKPIQNF(D5EJN  49KP\4CPFHGJNGTXQT\Ã&#x2019;INKEJ



ex 8226

7)#0&#  216

4GRWDNKM2QWPF2T·UKFGPV+FK#OKP8CTKCPVGPZOKVHÃ&#x2019;PH\CEMKIGO5VGTPZOKV2411( KO#DUEJPKVVFGT4Ã&#x2019;EMUGKVG+PUIGUCOVI(GKPIQNF(D 5VÃ&#x2019;EM(CUV5VGORGNINCP\




USA

8227 1,5:1

1,5:1

747)7#; 

4GRWDNKM UGKV   %GPVGUKOQU  2CTKU CWH FKG ,CJTHGKGT FGT )TÒPFWPI FGT 4GRWDNKM   2TQDGKP)QNFI-/' FQTVHCNUEJDGUEJTKGDGP   440WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV2QNKGTVG2NCVVGOKPDGTKGDGP 

8228 8229

8229

8'0'<7'.# 

4GRWDNKM8GPG\QNCPQU $QNKXCTGU 2CTKUI(GKPIQNF(D

5GJTUEJÌP





$QNKXCTGU4GVVGVFKG6KGTYGNV(GNUGPJCJPI(GKPIQNF(D  0WT'ZGORNCTGIGRT·IV2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



8230 8231

8231

8'4'+0+)6'#4#$+5%*''/+4#6' 

 &KTJCOU Q ,   CWHFCUL·JTKIGU,WDKN·WOFGT7#'%GPVTCN$CPMI(GKPIQNF (D 2QNKGTVG2NCVVG



(7,#+4#* 

/WJCOOCFDKP*COCFCN5JCTSK4K[CNU#RQNNQ:++I(GKPIQNF(D 2QNKGTVG2NCVVG

8232



8233

8'4'+0+)6'56##6'0810#/'4+-#75# 

(ÌFGTCVKQP&QNNCTU55CP(TCPEKUEQ.KDGTV[I(GKPIQNF(D  5GJTUEJÌPpXQT\ÒINKEJ





&QNNCTU55CP(TCPEKUEQ.KDGTV[I(GKPIQNF(D



5GJTUEJÌP

217


USA

8234

8235



&QNNCTU2JKNCFGNRJKC.KDGTV[I(GKPIQNF(D

5GJTUEJÌP





&QNNCTU55CP(TCPEKUEQ.KDGTV[I(GKPIQNF(D

5GJTUEJÌP



8236

1,5:1



1,5:1

&QNNCTU2JKNCFGNRJKC.KDGTV[I(GKPIQNF(D  5GNVGPKPFKGUGT'TJCNVWPI8QT\ÒINKEJ

8237



8238