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‫ا ا  ‪ :‬د‪ .‬آ ر ‬ ‫وا ر واار‪:‬‬

‫إـــــــــــاج‪ :‬د‪ .‬آ ر‬ ‫ ــ‬


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‫ر ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫" ! اات Ø¢ز  ا‬

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‫ا‪..[2‬‬ ‫ ‪..R #‬‬‫ ‪ -(((2H‬إ((( (((‪ ((( D /1‬إ((( ‬‫‪:‬ا ‪ ((((. ((((4 =* F((((:7‬أآ((((‪E‬‬ ‫‪ ..((.‬و‪ ((6 A(($‬و‪/((D‬ى‬ ‫‪]((((^* ] ((((.‬ة وه((((  ‪\((((G‬‬ ‫ =‪..‬‬ ‫ و‪/D‬ى * ‪ ($‬ا‪L‬رض ‪ (.‬‬‫((‪4‬ن‪ ..‬و‪U((V.‬ة ((=_ *&‪((=V‬‬ ‫إ ‪../1‬‬ ‫‪ =V&* _= -‬إ ‪/1‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫أ‪  C` 6‬رى‪.‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫)( ‪ 4‬أ‪ 6‬أ*(ت (ه دى‬ ‫*‪ a‬دا‪ 6 F‬ا‪..‬‬ ‫)وه ( ((‪c‬ص‪ ..‬أ‪..((( R((6‬‬

‫ ‪:‬‬

‫‪..a$ d‬‬ ‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫) را( &((ل ((‪a(($ d‬؟‪!) ..‬‬ ‫‪#‬ف( (((‪ ../1‬أو‪((( : ((($‬ت‬ ‫و‪ ((( ^((( :‬ا(((‪ ..‬أ‪E(((  a(((* (((6‬‬ ‫ا‪/‬ن ا ‪../1  $‬‬

‫‪UV. F1^#f /1 -H2 -‬ة‬

‫ ‪:‬‬

‫‪/$‬ى ‪4.‬ة ‪ : 6:‬ت =‪..‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ا =  ‪../1‬‬

‫ ‪:‬‬

‫ا‪L‬ول ‪:‬وح وا‪..gH‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫و ‪/1‬؟‬

‫ ‪:‬‬

‫‪..i*/:‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫أ‪ . i*/6‬إ‪F‬؟‬

‫ ‪:‬‬

‫‪ . i*/:‬ا‪/‬ن ا ‪..d$‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫* أ‪ &,j i*/* 6‬أه‪..F‬‬

‫ ‪:‬‬

‫أ‪: 1 A‬آ(‪ 7‬د*`(‪ d‬أآ&(‪(4&: ..‬‬

‫‪2‬‬


‫ا‪ 4&: ..d4j‬إ‪ d6‬ه ن م ا<‪(V‬ر‪..‬‬ ‫ه (((ن م ا‪7(((V‬ار‪ ..‬م ا^(((ل‪ ..‬آ(((‪..F‬‬ ‫ا&(((زى‪ ..‬ا ‪ .. D(((4‬ا ا‪c(((#‬ت‪..‬‬ ‫و‪(((:‬وح ‪((() ((($‬ل *&‪ (((4‬ا ه(((‬ ‫ه(((‪&4(((  R(((* R(((^) d((( 6 Hc:‬‬ ‫ا^ وا‪ R6‬وا‪ ^1# ..gH‬دى؟‪..‬‬ ‫ و‪/((((D‬ى *^& ((((  ‪ ((((.‬ار‪((((:‬ح‬‫و‪1‬دة‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫أ ‪/‬ا *(‪ ^1(# a‬و] ‪ ..(D‬دى &( ‬ ‫*‪ = F:‬وأى ‪..=:  /‬‬

‫ ‪(V= F(&) /1 _= X‬‬‫ ‬

‫ه(((روح أ` (((‪ E‬ا(((‪ (((Dl ../‬ا]‪d(((H‬‬

‫ ‪:‬‬

‫*‪=* ..R‬م؟‬ ‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫)‪^ d * ($‬ب ا  ( (‪/1‬‬ ‫ ا‪..‬‬

‫ ‪ /(((((((1‬أن ((((((((ف ((((((((‪/1‬‬‫ ‪ R& :2n‬إ‪F‬‬

‫  ‪ i*/:‬ا‪ (4&.‬آ (ن ان ا( ا‪(67:‬‬

‫ ‪:‬‬

‫‪ .‬أآ ااخ دى وا آن آن‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪ X‬ف ‪/1&^* /1‬ا‪..‬‬‫  (( ^((‪/‬أ ‪(($‬دل ‪* ((.‬و((‬‫ا]‪*/6‬ج‪..‬‬ ‫ و>‪/&* E‬ر‪ . D‬ا]‪*/6‬ج‪..‬‬‫  ((( >=((( ا‪(((V‬ن )(((‪/‬‬‫زن( و‪ /H‬و‪..F E#‬‬

‫ا&ن‪ :‬ا ب‪..‬‬

‫ و‪/D‬ى آ‪?( F( 1(j ( F6U‬‬‫ ‪ C‬آ ‪ /1( (X‬وا‪(H‬‬ ‫‪.. & &* FH.‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

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‫‪3‬‬


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‫ ‪:‬‬

‫ا&ن‪ :‬أ‪ 6‬ف ‪ ..d(W$‬ا^(‪( F‬ل ا (ب‬ ‫م ا ب‪..‬‬ ‫و] = ((‪ ..d‬دا ‪ ^((#‬وأ‪$ ((6‬ر‪..F((.‬‬

‫ ‪:‬‬

‫آ &‪ F‬آ  ‪,‬ف‪..‬‬ ‫ا&ن‪1  :‬دة ا^‪..F‬‬ ‫و ى‪:‬‬

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‫ ‪:‬‬

‫)‪..F 6 * = F^ (45(#‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫‪l‬دى أ‪ F&^ 6‬أه‪H ..F‬ل  ‪/‬ى‬

‫  (((( ‪((((n‬ج ((((‪((((/ * /1‬‬‫‪F ?^1‬‬

‫ا&ن‪ :‬أ‪H‬ل إ‪F‬؟‬ ‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫‪H‬ل ا ‪..d 6 .‬‬

‫ا&ن‪ ) :‬را( أ‪(H‬ل ا( ف ‪ ( 6‬؟ إ‪(&6‬ا‬ ‫ه ‪ 6: :‬واّ إ‪F‬؟‬ ‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫‪ ..L‬إ ه ‪ 6‬ت ‪ ..( 6‬و‪ (^:‬أ‪R(6‬‬ ‫‪( d (  /(: d(=* ($ :‬م‬ ‫ا ((ب‪ ^(( ..‬أروح أ` ((‪ E‬إ((‪/‬ى‬ ‫  ‪ ..‬ه ‪ 6‬ت ز‪ .‬آ ن؟‬

‫ ‪.‬ف ‪$‬دل‪ "..‬و‪/D‬ي"‬‫   ‪ g‬ا‪V‬ن ز(ن ‪ (.‬‬‫(({ (({ (( ا‪((6‬ا‪..F.‬‬ ‫و (((((( ((((((‪ /1‬ا((((((‪B‬ى ‪?((((((^1‬‬ ‫ ‪ F/‬دون أن ‪..F U^1‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪5‬‬

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โ€ซุฑ โ€ช /โ€ฌุฑโ€ฌ โ€ซ" ! ุงุงุช ุง'ุฒโ€ฌ

โ€ซ โ€ช -2Hโ€ฌุฅ( (โ€ช ../1โ€ฌูˆโ€ช  (Wโ€ฌุง&(โ€ชdโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ*โ€ช# -โ€ฌุช ุงโ€ช [2โ€ฌุงุฑู‰โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ช((4 ((2 ((Xโ€ฌุช  (( *((ูˆุฏโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช E ` E^ $โ€ฌูˆโ€ช /Hโ€ฌุฃโ€ช (. C(#โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ*&โ€ช..Fู‘ ## Fโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ช Xโ€ฌุฑโ€ช..&&&* &##โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ ูˆโ€ช/=&* /1โ€ฌุง ุฑโ€ช:โ€ฌุญโ€ช ..โ€ฌูˆ(โ€ช (. xโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช.โ€ฌู‡ ุง โ€ช/โ€ฌุณ ุขโ€ช..F` a. F6Uโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช ..F&&Hโ€ฌุงโ€ช^Vโ€ฌู†โ€ช ..โ€ฌุงโ€ช/โ€ฌู„โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ   ูˆโ€ช E#โ€ฌูˆโ€ช/Dโ€ฌู‰ ]ู‡ยโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ ูˆโ€ช/((((Dโ€ฌู‰ &^((((ุฏู„ ุง>((((ุงุช ((((โ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช /1โ€ฌูˆุงโ€ช4โ€ฌุช โ€ช../=& Xโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆ ู‰โ€ช..-^ ..L :โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ โ€ช R(((& (((Xโ€ฌูˆโ€ช/(((Dโ€ฌู‰ ุฅ((( ุง(((ุณโ€ฌโ€ซุง &โ€ช1 Vโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆ ู‰โ€ช :โ€ฌูˆุง ุฅู† * *โ€ช&jโ€ฌุง โ€ช..4$ F2Lโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ โ€ช&n.โ€ฌู† โ€ช %  .โ€ฌุง^โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ โ€ช/(((& (((X F((( /1((( R(((&.โ€ฌู…โ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช (((6โ€ฌุงโ€ช(((4โ€ฌุชโ€ช(((  ..โ€ฌู‚ โ€ช(((>6โ€ฌุฉโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช..F {:โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ช (($ _(( s ((Xโ€ฌูˆ((&โ€ช %โ€ฌุงโ€ช((Lโ€ฌู‰โ€ฌโ€ซ> = * โ€ช CXโ€ฌุงโ€ช4โ€ฌุชโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ูˆโ€ช(((2: */((($โ€ฌู„ โ€ชFU(((  ..F(((:>6โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซูˆโ€ช/Dโ€ฌู‰โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆ ู‰โ€ช E 1& :โ€ฌุฅโ€ชFโ€ฌุŸโ€ฌ โ€ซ  {โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆ ู‰โ€ชD g, :โ€ฌุŸโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช ) Q` $ g,โ€ฌุง&ุก( ุฏโ€ช(` (6โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช7โ€ฌโ€ฌ


‫ا‪..6/‬‬ ‫و ى‪ =4, F ($<=) :‬إ‪ F‬ا‪ 6/‬دى؟‬ ‫د‪ 6‬آ= *&‪DU‬ة *وش‪.‬‬

‫ ‪:‬‬

‫و ى‪ :‬ور آ‪..A/‬‬ ‫ و‪/((D‬ى ‪ F((64* B((U‬و>(( *((‪F‬‬‫> ‪/&1 X‬ل ‪..cH‬‬

‫و ى‪ :‬أ‪..D g, a* 6‬‬ ‫إ{ ‪  d$‬و‪/D‬ي‪g(, a(* ( ..‬‬

‫ ‪:‬‬

‫‪D‬؟‪ ..‬دا أ‪ R6‬أ&ذ آ^‪..‬‬ ‫و ى‪ (( :‬و‪/((D‬ى (( ((‪ ../1‬أ‪ ^((, R1((W ((6‬‬ ‫أدرس ا‪"..F(((& =. (((* (((s ..:(((^ 4‬‬ ‫‪ (((((1‬ا‪ 1/) ((((( =. :(((((^ 4‬ا("‪..‬‬ ‫ا ‪G‬وب دا * ‪& =.‬ش‪..‬‬ ‫)> وء( `^(((‪ -(((* ..F‬أن ‪/((($‬اد ‪F((((.:‬‬

‫ ‪:‬‬

‫ ‪.. l  Fsj‬‬ ‫‪/$‬اد؟‬

‫ ‪:‬‬

‫و ى‪ :‬ا  ‪ F‬وا‪ /‬آان زى ]‪=H :‬‬ ‫ ‪ E(^H H ..& * E^H 6‬ا*(‬ ‫‪ ((. -((:‬وا((‪ ((* /‬دول (({ ‪ ((.‬ا‪/((1‬اد‬ ‫آ‪] ../1(  5‬زم ‪ E(*$ F.(j:‬آ(م‬ ‫آ(‪ (s ..‬أ( آ(( ^( *( >((‪d‬‬ ‫‪ E,‬و* = ‪..a4‬‬ ‫و ى‪ :‬ا‪& R6‬ل آ‪c‬م ‪/$ ..4‬اد ‪Fsj F.:‬؟‬ ‫‪/$‬اد ‪7* E( $ * 4 F.:‬ا‪(6‬ت و‪%&(.‬‬

‫ ‪:‬‬

‫ ت‪ : ..‬آ ^‪:‬؟ آ ^‪( * :‬‬ ‫‪$‬؟ دا زى ‪. 67‬س *=(ش ‪(H‬ار‪..‬‬ ‫ا((س ‪ F((.‬أآ((ام أآ((ام‪ ..‬ه^(( ه^((‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪((. (()c‬و ‪(( .. ((Hc:‬زات و‪:(( .‬‬

‫‪8‬‬


‫* ‪ ..((4‬و(( ا((… ‪((W‬ب وا‪F((  %&((6‬‬ ‫‪/(* F* d12:‬س ‪ (.‬و‪d(>s: d(,‬‬ ‫آ‪/‬ه‪..F‬‬ ‫و ى‪ $ :‬ا‪  1‬إ‪ 4 R6‬ز*‪..d6‬‬ ‫‪ (((((($‬ا‪c((((((. F((((((* -((((((2& (((((( 1‬ت‬

‫ ‪:‬‬

‫و‪(( $‬رات‪ ..‬آ((‪* =((, E‬و‪..((1^) ((,‬‬ ‫‪(((j$‬ن ‪(((#‬ا ‪7((( (((=.‬ن *((( دى‪..‬‬ ‫وا‪7((n‬ن ‪7(( g(((n:‬ن‪ ((* (((s ..‬آ=(((‬ ‫‪7((( (((^:‬ن ‪7((( ((((.‬ن‪ ..‬وا((( ‪ ((((^6‬‬ ‫)ش‪..‬‬ ‫و ى‪ :‬آ‪ E‬د‪ * -2 A‬ا  ا ‪ 61‬د‪A‬؟‬ ‫)?ردا( ‪ E((*$‬زى ‪((D‬اب ا((وى ((‬

‫ ‪:‬‬

‫‪ .. ((((l‬آ((((‪ /(((( : ((((* E‬إ((((‪/‬ك ‪-((((2: F((((.‬‬ ‫ س‪ ..‬و‪D‬ت و*&‪D‬ت‪..‬‬ ‫‪UV. /1 R&. -‬ة إ و‪/D‬ى‪..‬‬

‫أ‪c 6‬ص *‪(H a‬در ا(& ( و‪/(D‬ى‪..‬‬

‫ ‪:‬‬

‫]زم أ*ت وأ{‪..‬‬ ‫و ى‪#) :‬ف( ‪ :‬ت إزاى  ‪/1‬؟‬ ‫ ‪7‬ا‪.. D‬‬

‫ ‪:‬‬

‫و ى‪ V: :‬إزاى دى  ‪/1‬؟‬ ‫‪ (((1‬أ‪7* (((6‬ا‪ (((D‬أ*(((ت‪ ..‬أروح ‪E(((H‬‬

‫ ‪:‬‬

‫ )‪AB‬ص( أروح *‪) $ R‬ل‪.‬‬ ‫و ى‪ :‬إ‪ R6‬ه‪ 6 * E^H V:‬ت  ‪/1‬؟‬ ‫‪ (((* E(((^H‬ا‪ R(((6‬ا((( ‪ (((1: (((V:‬وأ‪(((6‬‬

‫ ‪:‬‬

‫أور‪..d‬‬ ‫و ى‪ :‬ور  ‪../1‬‬ ‫ ‪ C2 /1‬و‪/D‬ى‪..‬‬‫‪ ..F1^&. -‬ر‪D‬ن إ( رآ( ‪(l‬‬

‫‪9‬‬


â&#x20AC;«â&#x20AC;ª .â&#x20AC;¬Ø§â&#x20AC;ª4â&#x20AC;¬Ø²â&#x20AC;ª..â&#x20AC;¬â&#x20AC;¬ â&#x20AC;« Ù&#x2C6;اâ&#x20AC;ª1â&#x20AC;¬Ù&#x2020; â&#x20AC;ª .  =H:â&#x20AC;¬Ø°â&#x20AC;ª..$â&#x20AC;¬â&#x20AC;¬â&#x20AC;«â&#x20AC;ª#$% -â&#x20AC;¬â&#x20AC;¬

â&#x20AC;«â&#x20AC;ª10â&#x20AC;¬â&#x20AC;¬

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‫ا&  )‪(6‬‬

‫ر ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫رآ( ‪,‬ة آ‪*+‬ة 'ز‬

‫ ‪ /1‬وو‪/D‬ى ‪c‬ن إ( رآ(‬‫ ‪l* F‬ة آ^ة ‪4‬ز‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪ /1 g‬أ*(م ا (‪l‬ة ‪(2 (.‬‬‫آ&‪ ..‬و‪ F‬آ*‪ . c‬ا ‪l‬ة‪.‬‬ ‫ ‪/((  d((  ((X‬س و‪F(( ((j‬‬‫‪ . F $‬ا ‪l‬ة‪..‬‬ ‫ وو‪/(((((((((D‬ى ‪4(((((((((W F(((((((((^H‬‬‫)‪(#‬ط(‬

‫و ى‪ A :‬أوى دى‪ ..‬زى *( ‪(4:‬ن ا‪ R(6‬ا( ‬ ‫ه ‪..d:‬‬

‫ و‪ 4 /1‬ا&‪F( ($ j‬‬‫وه د‪..‬‬

‫ ‪:‬‬

‫ه((( دى ا‪(((( ((($/V‬د‪ ..‬ان ا‪ R(((6‬ا(((( ‬ ‫‪ :‬ت ‪f ..d 6‬راد‪..d:‬‬

‫ و  ((( و‪/(((D‬ى ‪&((( & ..d(((G‬‬‫‪/1‬‬

‫ ‪:‬‬

‫ و‪ /H‬أ)[ ‪ /1‬ار ‪/# $‬ر‬‫‪ . F‬ا ‪l‬ة‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪ j=&.‬ا ‪l‬ة‪ ..‬و‪* %6& F‬‬‫أ‪ X‬ا‪..2‬‬ ‫ ‪(((&&.‬ك ا‪*(((4‬ا (((ى (((‪/1‬‬‫ا(( *&‪ ((* ((6‬أ‪ ((X‬ا‪((2‬‬ ‫وآ‪ =6U‬أ‪ F& #‬ه( و(‪(V* 5‬د‬ ‫‪ . F‬ا ‪l‬ة‪..‬‬ ‫‪ $ /1 Q  & -‬ا‪L‬رض‪.‬‬

‫‪11‬‬

‫‪H‬ة اة‪ ..‬و] ‪..E &:‬‬


‫و ى‪ $ :‬ا‪  1‬أ‪ 6‬ا‪..4 R2^n:‬‬

‫ وو‪/D‬ى ‪..4W‬‬‫‪ ] /1 -‬د‪..‬‬

‫و ى‪ :‬ه ا‪ /D 4‬واّ إ‪F‬؟‪../1 ..‬‬

‫‪/^ -‬و ا‪ $ dj‬و‪ FD‬و‪/D‬ى‬

‫  و‪/D‬ى ‪ /1 $‬و=‪ .A7‬و ى‪c(( ((* :‬ش ا=((‪7‬ار ا‪ 5((s‬د‪ (( A‬أ*((ل‪..‬‬‫)! ‪ (C? 8)/‬ا‪(& (* R6‬دش (‪( F‬‬ ‫‪/1‬؟‪ ..‬رد ‪  $‬ا‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪ /((( V&. ..g(((1 A7(((= (((X‬و‪F(((D‬‬‫و‪/D‬ى  ‪UD‬ة‪ $B(. ..‬ه* (‬ ‫و ى‪* /1 :‬ت‪ !) ..‬ه‪(* /1( (D‬ت؟‪..‬‬

‫‪ .‬أ ‪..‬‬

‫)‪ #/‬ا( و (ب ا‪( (  F^( d4(j‬‬ ‫((‪/1‬؟‪ ..‬دى ا ‪((#&* ((2‬ة ‪((6/‬‬ ‫و] ر )وادة  (‪E) ../1‬ر‪(B‬‬ ‫ =‪* /1 .. :‬ت‪.. 6^ ..‬‬ ‫ و‪ /H‬ا‪( (D [(26‬ل وا(س‬‫*&‪ ^1‬وه ‪V‬ى *]‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫و ى‪.. :=  .. 6^ :‬‬ ‫– )‪0 -$1‬ت ا‪ - .‬ا‪(-./‬‬

‫‪12‬‬


โ€ซุง&  )โ€ช(7โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฑโ€ช /โ€ฌุฑ โ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช3โ€ฌุงุฑุนโ€ฌ

โ€ซ โ€ช (2โ€ฌุข^(ุฉ โ€ช/(Dโ€ฌู‰ โ€ช(V$ ($โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุง((ุฏุฉ โ€ช(( ((.โ€ฌุฑุฉโ€ช ..โ€ฌูˆู‡(( ((ูƒโ€ฌ โ€ซุงโ€ช= V1โ€ฌุฑุฉ ูˆโ€ช $โ€ฌุงโ€ช&6โ€ฌุฑ(โ€ฌ โ€ซ*(((โ€ช F&^((($ -โ€ฌูˆู‡((( โ€ช ((($ 7(((Vโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุฃโ€ช F6โ€ฌุข  โ€ช2* .โ€ฌุฑุฏุฉ โ€ช.6Dโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ )โ€ช :โ€ฌุฃโ€ชEโ€ฌุงุช  โ€ช 2#โ€ฌุง&โ€ช8F3โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ&โ€ชJโ€ฌุงโ€ช Iโ€ฌุง&โ€ช 3 81*A#โ€ฌุง&โ€ช3/3โ€ฌุชโ€ฌ โ€ซูˆโ€ชJ7โ€ฌุฏู‰ ุง&โ€ช5โ€ฌุฑุงุช ูˆุขโ€ช 5โ€ฌุฅ?ุฑุงุชโ€ฌ โ€ซุง&ูˆุฑโ€ช..โ€ฌุฅ&โ€ช.(Mโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ )ุขโ€ช Iโ€ฌุฐ&โ€ช(! : Cโ€ฌุช ุง&)ุง โ€ช9Nโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุง&โ€ช 8P1Nโ€ฌุง&)(ุฉ &>โ€ช..(2โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ช(((> /(((1โ€ฌุช )((( *((( ู‡(((โ€ชBโ€ฌุงโ€ฌโ€ซุง]โ€ช./(6โ€ฌุน ูˆุง(โ€ช Cnโ€ฌุง]โ€ช(&6โ€ฌุฑู‰โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช %&((:โ€ฌุงโ€ช*((4โ€ฌุง โ€ช (($โ€ฌุง โ€ช ((. /=((jโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช ((2โ€ฌุฃูˆ((โ€ช %((G&. ..-โ€ฌุฃโ€ชR(( X F((6โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ*โ€ช  F64โ€ฌุฑุฉ ุงุงโ€ช Hโ€ฌุฅ โ€ชDโ€ฌุงุฑโ€ฌ โ€ซุงโ€ช ..g((#โ€ฌูˆ*(( ุง((ุช ุง((โ€ชBโ€ฌู‰โ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช F1 ((( 6โ€ฌุฅ] >((( โ€ชi*/((( E(((n:โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช =.โ€ฌูˆโ€ช/Dโ€ฌู‰ &โ€ชsโ€ฌุงู‚ โ€ช:โ€ฌู…โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ูˆ>(((((โ€ช Eโ€ฌูˆโ€ช/(((((Dโ€ฌู‰ โ€ช (((((.โ€ฌุงโ€ชF(((((D*/6โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุง= &ู‰ โ€ช /1โ€ฌุงโ€ช&6โ€ฌุญ ุงโ€ช*4โ€ฌุงโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ  ( โ€ช(&:โ€ฌูƒ ุงโ€ช*(4โ€ฌุง โ€ช (.โ€ฌุงโ€ชA((V:โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุงโ€ช E/(((((* (((((& g(((((#โ€ฌุฃ(((((โ€ช/โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุง ((((ู„ ุงโ€ช((((=>: ?(((( ((((*1โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช13โ€ฌโ€ฌ


‫"و‪.‬ء" ‪ (= D ( H (.‬وأ‪(=&H6‬‬ ‫*((((( *‪ ((((($ V‬آ^(((((ة *(((((‬ ‫‪((.‬ت ا=((‪/‬ا‪ ..‬و ‪ ((=&.‬ر‪E((D‬‬ ‫^((‪/‬و ‪ F(($‬ا((اء ا‪ ..//((j‬وه((‬ ‫د‪..=$‬‬

‫ا&‪Q‬ى‪ :‬ع ا‪(((( 1‬م ‪l‬دى *&((((ح ا‪((((j$ ..((((j‬ن‬ ‫‪1&6‬ف أآ& * آ‪..A/‬‬

‫ و((&‪ (( %‬ا ((‪ A/(( %:‬و((‪/‬م‬‫=((( *&(((ح ‪(((= /(((1 (((X ..(((,‬‬ ‫ا‪4‬رت‪..‬‬

‫ا&‪Q‬ى‪ :‬و‪l‬دى ا‪((((((4‬رت آ ((((((ن  (((((( ‪ (((((( :‬‬ ‫ا‪1‬ان‪.‬‬

‫ وو‪(((((((((.‬ء ‪^:‬د(((((((((‪ F‬ا] & (((((((((*‬‫ا‪//((((((, ((((((H ((((((* /‬ة‪..‬‬ ‫ود‪$‬ن ‪.. =G1‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫ ى ى‪..‬‬

‫ا&‪Q‬ى‪ :‬ى ى‪..‬‬ ‫ و‪ F((V&:‬و‪((.‬ء إ(( ((ر‪?(( =:‬‬‫و‪/D‬ى ‪ V$ $‬ا(دة *(زال‬ ‫‪ ((((((((.‬ا‪ F((((((((D*/6‬ا= ((((((((&ى‬ ‫ا‪..^$ . C‬‬ ‫ ‪ gH&:‬و‪.‬ء ‪ .‬ذهل و‪R /H‬‬‫أ‪ (((=6‬أ‪U(((2‬ت (((ر‪(((>&. ..=:‬‬ ‫إ(( ‪(( 6‬ة ا ((رة ‪((1*f‬ن‪((X ..‬‬ ‫‪ 6 FV&:‬و‪/D‬ى‪..‬‬ ‫ ((([ و‪/(((D‬ى ‪U(((V.‬ة ‪ ((($‬و‪F(((D‬‬‫و‪((((.‬ء‪ (((($ g((((H&. ..‬اآ((((‬ ‫*&=((‪/‬ا  ((‪ ((^* ((` F((H$ %‬‬ ‫ =‪..‬‬ ‫‪&. -‬ب و‪.‬ء و‪ &* F* ==D‬ء‬

‫‪14‬‬


‫ [‬ ‫‪..  =1). -‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫ا‪$ R6‬رف ا‪ 1‬؟‬

‫و ى‪$ :‬رف‪..‬‬ ‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫‪$‬رف إ‪F‬؟‬

‫و ى‪$ :‬رف إ‪.. & $ a* =6‬‬ ‫ و‪(((( /((((H‬ج ‪ (((($‬ا((((ر *((((‬‫ا رة ‪ X‬أ`[ ا^(ب (‪ (. F‬و ى‪ :‬أ‪ a((((* (((6‬ا*(((( ‪ ..‬ا‪ ((((&6‬ا(((( ((((^‪F‬‬ ‫ا‪ &:  a* ..&*  1‬ق؟‬

‫آ^ء‪.‬‬ ‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫)(‪ && (805‬ق أ‪` CD‬ه‪..‬‬

‫ ‪((((.‬ل ‪ (((($‬ا((((ر *((((‪ .‬و ى‪D  :‬اب اوى ‪.. 6‬‬‫‪=$‬‬ ‫ و‪.‬ء ‪s&( F^H:‬اب ‪: (X‬آ(‪C‬‬‫ا ((((رة و‪ 5((((V:‬إ(((( ‪((((V$‬‬ ‫ادة‪..‬‬ ‫ أ*( ه(( ‪U((V. g((H: /(.‬ة دون أن‬‫&‪ R‬إ=‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪((X ..[(( 1 (() ((> ((4‬‬‫=&(((‪/&(((( * 7‬ا ‪(((1‬د ‪((((=&6‬‬ ‫و((((((‪/‬ا‪F((((((62 C((((((D ((((((. A‬‬ ‫ ‪..=V1‬‬ ‫ & ‪ E‬إ= ‪...V$ E4‬‬‫ ‪ R((((&&.‬ه(((( إ((((‪ ((((* F‬دا((((‪E‬‬‫ا رة & ؤل‪..‬‬ ‫  ‪ E‬ه( &=( ا=(‪/‬وء * (&‪/‬ا‬‫ ‪ ($ F$4‬ا (رة و‪(H /(H‬ب‬ ‫و‪..=* F=D‬‬ ‫ ‪/(((((^.‬و ا(((((‪ ((((($ $B‬و‪(((((==D‬‬‫]& ار ‪..F& #‬‬

‫‪15‬‬


‫‪..H = 5 = & -‬‬

‫و ى‪V&: :‬ز ؟‬

‫ و ((‪ $‬ا^((ق آ‪ R((6‬ه(( ‪/((H‬‬‫ا‪((((  R1./((((6‬رة هر (((( ‪ ((((.‬‬ ‫ذ‪..$‬‬ ‫  ((( ا‪ _&(((6‬ه((( *‪(((X ..F(((64‬‬‫ا((&‪1‬د ‪((* F((&=V1 F((4 :‬ددا‬ ‫ ‪..F‬‬

‫و ى‪ ((((4$ :‬وا((((‪((((H ../‬ل ‪ ((((1‬أ‪ ((((6‬ا(((( ‬ ‫هر‪.. W‬‬

‫ ‪((1 ((X‬ود ((‪(( & &* ((.V1 A‬‬‫ ‪..F‬‬

‫و ى‪ :‬أ‪ ((=D&* a((* ((6‬ا((س ا(( ‪ ((n:‬‬ ‫أ‪(((V:‬ز وا(((‪ /‬ز(((‪ ] ..d‬ا‪ (((&6‬و] "أى‬ ‫وا‪(# !) ..d# * "/‬آ( أ‪] 6‬زم‬ ‫أ‪../1 E‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪16‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(8‬‬

‫ر ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫!‪ #56‬ور‬

‫ ا*أة * ‪ &* Hj‬ا‪ (. /( V‬‬‫ه ‪ ^1:‬ا‪(ˆ $ (` [2‬‬ ‫  (((رات و] ((( ور و‪/(((^:‬و‬ ‫‪: (((.‬د=(((  (((رات وآ‪(((=6U‬‬ ‫‪ {H(((((:‬ر‪ ((((($ (((((H‬إ(((((ع‬ ‫اا(((((‪/‬ة و‪91&) {(((((6‬‬ ‫ا&‪..(8R#‬‬ ‫ و‪4(( $ F((D‬ى ا ((ور ‪4((W‬‬‫ ‪j‬ة =ء‪..‬‬ ‫ و‪ FD‬ا‪&L‬ذ و‪/D‬ى ا(‪B‬ى ‪g(H:‬‬‫* &‪ Q((((1 ((((G1‬وه(((( &^((((دل‬ ‫ا>ات = و  ا‪4 1‬ى‪..‬‬ ‫‪ %. -‬و‪/D‬ى ‪ .‬ا‪4 1‬ى‪..‬‬

‫و ى‪ (( (( ((=: 6 /((: ((* :‬ا((ل‪ ..‬اآ&((‪C‬‬ ‫‪/((($‬ك أ‪(((D‬ة ا(((هة‪: ..‬آ ((( ‪.. (((1‬‬ ‫ ‪ ( #/) ..‬ه( أ‪ (6‬را(‪ %‬أ*(ت *(‬ ‫‪,‬؟‬

‫ ‪ ^1 F V -./ X‬ا‪..[2‬‬‫ إ‪,‬رة ا ور  اء‪..‬‬‫ ‪U((V.‬ة ‪(( F(($ E((*:‬رة و‪((.‬ء‬‫‪..= UD.‬‬

‫و ى‪: * :‬و‪ a* ..a‬ه ‪V:‬زك‪..‬‬ ‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫ا‪ E^H .1: R6‬آ‪/D  A/‬ع ا‪R6‬؟‬

‫و ى‪ a* FW (8&JP) :‬ه‪V:‬زك‪..‬‬ ‫و ى‪ (PB?) :‬ه ا‪V‬از د‪.1 A‬؟‬

‫‪17‬‬


‫ و‪ /((H‬ه(( ]‪((6‬اف ‪..((.V1‬‬‫‪f(((.‬ذا (((‪ F‬و‪(((.l /(((H‬ق ‪/((( ((($‬ه‬ ‫ا ‪V (($.‬آ&&((‪ F‬ا&(( ‪=((( 6‬‬ ‫‪ .‬ا رة‪..‬‬ ‫‪B&* F D 5 &. -‬آا‪..‬‬

‫و ى‪D ..Al :‬آ&& ‪..‬‬

‫ ‪& A/( /  X‬و=(‪f(. ..‬ذا ‪(.‬ء‬‫‪  -./:‬رة و*‪ =1‬ا‪V‬آ&‪..‬‬ ‫‪V. -‬ى = آ وث‬

‫و ى‪ :‬ا* ‪ ..‬ا* ‪..‬‬

‫ & ‪ gH&:‬و‪.‬ء ر‪ ($ =:‬‬‫ ‪../1‬‬ ‫ و‪7‬داد =ث و‪/D‬ى &( (‪E‬‬‫إ=‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪f(((((.‬ذا  (((((رة ‪(((((* -./(((((:‬‬‫ ‪ =&$( HU‬دون أن ‪F(21:‬‬ ‫ا‪V‬آ&‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪ &n&.‬ا رة ‪..* :‬‬‫‪=   -‬ر و‪/D‬ى آ‪..E2‬‬

‫و ى‪(#) :‬آ( ‪ (((((1‬ه(((((*ت *((((( `(((((‬ ‫ا‪V‬آ&‪ a* FW ..F‬ه‪V:‬زك‪..‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪18‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(9‬‬

‫ر‪ /‬ر ‬ ‫أ م ل وء‬

‫ و‪((((((.‬ء ‪(((((( g((((((:‬ر‪ =:‬أ*((((((م‬‫*‪..=7‬‬ ‫ ‪&&.‬ول ا‪4‬رت ا‪B‬ى أ‪(= A(2$‬‬‫ا‪ E(((D‬ا(((ى ‪c((( F(((H7 : (((X‬‬ ‫*^((]ة‪((&  ((: ((X ..‬ح ا((‪B‬ى‬ ‫أ‪ . = A2$‬ا‪j‬رع‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪ (((=:D E(( :‬و‪7((( ((=:‬ول‬‫*(((( ا ((((رة ‪B((((&* g((((H&&.‬آة‬ ‫‪D‬آ&(((((( و‪/((((((D‬ى ‪ ((((((.‬ا ‪/((((((1‬‬ ‫ا‪&&. .. n‬و=( ‪ (. =1 (#U‬‬ ‫‪(((H‬ف ‪ //(((,‬و‪ (((. (((=f (((=:‬‬ ‫ا‪(((j‬رع و‪(((> g(((H&: (((=4‬‬ ‫‪BU: X 4:‬ه *‪..=1‬‬ ‫ ‪ [s:‬ا (رة و‪ F(V&:‬إ( *(‪E/‬‬‫ا ‪7‬ل‪..‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪19‬‬

‫–‬


â&#x20AC;«Ø§&  )â&#x20AC;ª(10â&#x20AC;¬â&#x20AC;¬

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โ€ซ =โ€ช.. :โ€ฌโ€ฌ

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โ€ซโ€ช21โ€ฌโ€ฌ

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โ€ซุฑโ€ช /โ€ฌุฏุง โ€ฌ โ€ซุง@ โ€ช -โ€ฌู‚ ุง>โ€ช<$โ€ฌโ€ฌ

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โ€ซโ€ช22โ€ฌโ€ฌ


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‫و ى‪:‬‬

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‫ واآ((‪ ((. /((1&^ C‬ا‪((l A((V:‬‬‫ارة‪..‬‬ ‫ آ(((ز ]*(((أة ‪^(((, (((.‬ك ‪/(((1‬‬‫‪:‬ا‪ CH‬ا‪V‬زة‪:[1: ..‬‬

‫ا&أة‪:‬‬

‫ه ا ‪$/‬ق د‪ A‬ه‪ /V = 1‬واّ إ‪F‬؟‬

‫ ‪ -(((2H‬إ(((‪) F‬ر`((( ‪ A/(((1‬ا‪//(((j‬‬‫*=( ‪:#‬‬ ‫‪ -‬آز ا أة *‪$B‬رة‪:‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫*‪  d1‬و‪ F‬ا‪  &6‬و‪..F‬‬

‫ا&أة‪:‬‬

‫  ا ا  ا‪..‬‬

‫‪31‬‬


‫إ(‪ a‬أ‪ d((jj‬ا‪ (( ((&6‬و((‪((D F‬آ ‪-((2H‬‬

‫‪ -‬و‪/D‬ى *& ‪:= F: 1‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫‪ [2&. -‬و ‪:$ D‬‬

‫ ‪.. :=  :8‬‬

‫ ((‪ ..d6‬دا أ‪ (((* a(((* (((& (((6‬ا&(((‪..‬‬ ‫‪(((D‬ى أ*(((ت ‪ /((($‬ا‪((($ /(((1 (((#‬‬ ‫ا‪ ..6/‬واّ إ‪ $  F‬؟‪..‬‬ ‫‪ -‬وه *=‪:‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫(((( =((((‪ ((((V= ) :‬ا((((دح( "ا ((((‪R‬‬ ‫ دح‪ ..‬أ‪ &  A‬دح‪ ..‬ه ا(س‬ ‫ه(( ‪((:‬دح ^‪ =((G1‬واّ(( إ((‪F‬؟‪(( ..‬ق ((‬ ‫‪/D‬ع و ‪..‬‬

‫   ‪n:‬ج ا‪V‬زة إ ا‪j‬رع‬‫ا& ‪:‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪32‬‬

‫–‬


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‫ا&  )‪(21‬‬

‫ر‪ /‬دا ‬ ‫‪1 - A‬م وى‬

‫ ‪((((#‬رة و‪/((((D‬ى ا &Œآ(((( *((((‬‫ا((ان دا((‪(( E‬واز ‪ /((H‬إ(( ‬ ‫‪D‬ار ا  ا ا &=‪..d‬‬ ‫ وإ((((( ‪(((((D‬ار‪ A‬ا&(((((ن (((((ن‬‫ ‪f‬ح *‪/‬ة )‪ c ..‬رد‪..‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪34‬‬

‫–‬


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โ€ซ ูˆ ุน ุงโ€ช /โ€ฌุฅ( ุงุง (ุฑ ุง(โ€ชBโ€ฌู‰โ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช.. (((((s: A(((((* (((((# F((((($โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซูˆโ€ช 21โ€ฌุงุง ุฑ โ€ช^4 56โ€ฌุณโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

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โ€ซโ€ช35โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€“โ€ฌ


‫ا&  )‪(23‬‬

‫ر ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫ا رع ا ‪F/‬‬

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‫و ى‪H :‬ل   ‪ FD‬ا‪V‬ز ‪H‬ل‪F(D   :‬‬ ‫‪(D‬ز ا‪ (* (` (* (*7V‬و] ‪(6‬ر؟‪..‬‬ ‫((‪F‬؟‪ ..‬أ*((ل (( د=(( ا ‪((V‬رى ‪ ((^:‬‬ ‫ ‪((4‬م؟‪ ..‬دا أ‪ R1 (( ((  ((6‬آ((‪ A/‬ا‪=:((4&.‬‬ ‫رآ^= درآ ن‪ ..‬ا‪* R1) =&&,‬‬ ‫` ‪.‬ا*‪ ..E‬ه  *‪$ a‬ر‪ .‬أن *(‪a‬‬ ‫‪( ` -((2H‬ر واّ(( إ((‪F‬؟‪ ..‬دى ‪((* ((,$‬ة‬ ‫أرآ^=(( آ((و‪/((D (( ..a:‬ع دوس ((‪7‬‬ ‫  و ‪ ..‬ه ‪ *7D‬واّ ‪.H‬؟‬

‫ و‪((( /(((H‬ج رآ(((‪ C‬ا‪(((V‬زة إ((( ‬‫ا‪j‬رع ا& ‪..‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪36‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(24‬‬

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‫و ى‪ :‬أ‪ R6‬ه ‪:‬آ واّ إ(‪F‬؟‪ ..‬ا‪ R(6‬ا‪R(1V:‬؟‬ ‫)‪(((#‬ر( ا(((س ا‪ R(((1V:‬وه((( ‪:‬آ(((‪E‬‬ ‫ ‪ =G1‬واّ إ‪F‬؟‪^&* X) ..‬آ( أ‪g( 6‬‬ ‫آ‪ 6‬وأ‪ R* 6‬آ ن‪ 1 ..‬ه وا ‪..‬‬ ‫* ه ا‪ (  4‬و‪(H (j$‬ش‪..‬‬ ‫اا((‪/(( /‬وب ‪&((j‬ى ر ((‪ -‬آ(( آ((‪E‬‬ ‫&((( و&(((ج ‪(((  (((=* ..(((& ((($‬‬ ‫و*=((( ‪ (((=2: ..(((D.‬و‪(((=&: C(((&4:‬‬ ‫‪=((j‬ة‪* ((l ..‬د((‪/(( ..E‬ل *(( ‪:‬آ=((‬ ‫‪/:‬و = ‪$ .‬ق ا‪...1‬‬

‫ و‪( /H‬ج ا آ(‪ C‬إ( ا‪(j‬رع‬‫ا& ‪..‬‬

‫‪37‬‬


#$% -

38


‫ا&  )‪(25‬‬

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‫و ى‪ :‬ا ((((‪(((( ((((X) .. /‬ت ‪ ( (((($‬أ‪((((6‬‬ ‫‪. n,‬آ ‪   & l‬آ&=‪E(^H ..‬‬ ‫*(( اآ=(( ‪ ((^D ((=&2‬و((‪/‬ت *‪1‬ه((‬ ‫‪(((#‬رة ‪B:‬آر(((‪l ..‬ه((( *=((( ‪(((#‬رة‬ ‫‪B:‬آر(( و*=(( * ((&‪ R((^ /‬إن اا((‪/‬‬ ‫دا‪ ?(( ..((=H‬ا‪((j6‬ه ‪ ((V* ((.‬ا‪4^((j‬‬ ‫*ر‪W‬ش‪H ..‬ا دى ‪/ =.‬ش ء‬ ‫ا‪((((1‬م‪ ..‬وا((((‪((((=2` ((((H ((((# /‬‬ ‫وا‪:‬ر ‪j6 =^D‬ه‪ ..d‬وا(‪(^n* /‬‬ ‫‪ (((H‬دى آ(((‪(((# (((^: A/‬رة ‪..F(((6$‬‬ ‫*>^)(((ت ‪ (((  (((=* .. (((1‬و*=(((‬ ‫*>^)((ت‪((.4* C((&4* A ((  ((* ..‬‬ ‫ا ‪..‬‬

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‫‪39‬‬


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โ€ซุง&โ€ช Uโ€ฌุง&โ€ช Uโ€ฌุง*^โ€ชn ..โ€ฌุจ โ€ช Rโ€ฌุฃ โ€ชAโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ูˆโ€ช E/:โ€ฌุฒโ€ช .โ€ฌุงโ€ชVโ€ฌุฒุฉ ุง =โ€ช(6Dโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุฅ ุงโ€ชjโ€ฌุฑุน ุง& โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช41โ€ฌโ€ฌ


#$% -

42


‫ا&  )‪(27‬‬

‫ر ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫‪3‬رع آ‪ I‬ا‪-‬‬

‫ ‪(( ((=>:‬رة ا ((‪ :‬ا ((داء‬‫وا‪ . H‬ا]‪>&6‬ر‪..‬‬ ‫ * أن ‪ E/:‬ز‪(D .‬زة و‪/(D‬ى‬‫ =‪ ..((((=&6D‬و*(((( أن ((((ى‬ ‫و‪/D‬ى ا رة & &‪gH‬‬ ‫ ‪ gH&&.‬ز‪ .‬ا‪V‬زة‪..‬‬‫‪ [2&. -‬و ‪..$ D‬‬

‫ ‪:8‬‬

‫ =(‪ (* .. :‬آ(‪( ( d(* a6‬ى‪..‬‬ ‫ =‪.. :‬‬

‫ ‪ R # X‬و‪4‬ن‪..‬‬‫ و‪/((D‬ى &((‪/‬م ‪ ((.‬ا‪(( A((V:‬رة‬‫ا ‪.. :‬‬ ‫ &‪UV. gH‬ة‪..‬‬‫ ‪ )U(((((2‬رأ(((((‪(((((> (((((. F‬‬‫‪..4:‬‬ ‫ ‪..R #‬‬‫‪ R& X -‬إ ا‪:- V‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫اذآوا * *‪:‬آ‪ ..‬إآ ‪x^( /‬‬ ‫)‪ ((V= ((X‬ا&((ات( ‪ (($‬ا‪ (( 1‬ا(( ‬ ‫ه ل آ  آ‪ A/‬واّ آ‪ A/‬ه)‪..-‬‬

‫ ‪(((j* F/(((# F(((1).‬ا إ((( ‬‫ا رة‪:‬‬

‫ا&‪:T R‬‬

‫ا‪..EG:‬‬

‫ ‪ F((((1* (((( .‬و‪/((((D‬ى‪ ..‬و‪F((((4‬‬‫&‪ /$ gH‬ا رة  ‪:FU‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ه ا را ‪.‬؟‬

‫ا&‪:T R‬‬

‫‪:‬ب ا<*م‪..‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫)‪ C‬آ‪..5‬‬

‫‪43‬‬


โ€ซุง&โ€ช:T Rโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ* ุงโ€ช$ R6โ€ฌุฑู ุขโ€ช * A/โ€ฌุงโ€ชLโ€ฌูˆู„โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆ ู‰โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฃโ€ชU: 6โ€ฌุขโ€ช * ..5 /โ€ฌู‡( ุง(โ€ช ./โ€ฌุฏุง โ€ชF(Wโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ*((โ€ช7โ€ฌุงุฌโ€ช ..โ€ฌูˆ] ู‡(( โ€ช((:โ€ฌุง โ€ช ((. (($โ€ฌุง((โ€ช./โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุข ((ู†ุŸโ€ช ..โ€ฌุง((ุณ ู‡(( โ€ช=((G1 (($ [((:โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซูˆุงู‘ ุฅโ€ชFโ€ฌุŸโ€ช ..โ€ฌุงุฑุขโ€ช/D  Cโ€ฌุน ูˆ โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ูˆ*(( ุฃู† โ€ช(( (($ F((*/H -((Gโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุง ุฑุฉ & &โ€ช Rโ€ฌุฅ ุงโ€ช-( Vโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุฑุงโ€ช F^D 1.โ€ฌุงโ€ช jโ€ฌู„โ€ช: ..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆ ู‰โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฃู‰ ุฏ*โ€ช7(( ((1โ€ฌู† ] ] ]โ€ช ..โ€ฌุง^โ€ช((4โ€ฌุก )&(( โ€ฌ โ€ซุง==(โ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช -โ€ฌุฑุฏ ุง โ€ช$ Vโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง& โ€ช.. :=  :8โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ โ€ช.โ€ฌุขโ€ช Cโ€ฌูˆโ€ช [sโ€ฌุง^ุจโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ ูˆโ€ช ((4โ€ฌุง^((ุจ ((โ€ช$โ€ฌู† *(( ((&โ€ช%โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช 6Xโ€ฌูˆโ€ช E2โ€ฌู‡ ุฃ(โ€ชc( &* Fโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช:) .โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆ ู‰โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซู‡ ุง = ุฅโ€ชFโ€ฌุŸโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&โ€ช:T Rโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซู‡ * ุฏู‰ุŸโ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆ ู‰โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&โ€ช:T Rโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ)โ€ช * Cโ€ฌุฃโ€ช ย…. R6โ€ฌุฃู‡โ€ช..Fโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆ ู‰โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ โ€ช F(((((((Wโ€ฌุง ุงโ€ช (((((((1Dโ€ฌุข ((((((( โ€ชE(((((((^Hโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุง]*&ู†โ€ช ..โ€ฌุงุง(โ€ช /โ€ฌุฏุง(โ€ช ($ Eโ€ฌุง*&(ู†โ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช ((( a(((* ..C1(((#โ€ฌุฃ((( โ€ช (((.โ€ฌุง (((ุฑโ€ฌ โ€ซุฃโ€ช ((* C1((#โ€ฌุง ((โ€ช((j$ ..โ€ฌู† โ€ช((=>:โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช((((($โ€ฌูˆุฒ โ€ช (((((DcXโ€ฌูˆุงยโ€ช..Q(((((  (((((Dcโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซูˆุง โ€ช. 1 Qโ€ฌุณโ€ช ..โ€ฌูˆุงุณ โ€ช 1โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ชj&. -โ€ฌุฑุขโ€ช Fโ€ฌุง โ€ช..$ Vโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง& โ€ช..(x ) :=  :8โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ โ€ช [s.โ€ฌุง^ุจโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ "ูˆุงโ€ช 4jโ€ฌู†"โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช -โ€ฌูˆุง (((ุฑุฉ โ€ช/(((1&^* [(((2:โ€ฌุฉ โ€ช (((.โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช44โ€ฌโ€ฌ


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‫ا&  )‪(29‬‬

‫ر‪ /‬دا ‬ ‫ب ‪ -63‬وى‬

‫ ‪((^ ((2‬ب ‪ ((,‬و‪/((D‬ى *‪..((s‬‬‫و‪ ^((# F&((W (($‬ا‪C((jn‬‬ ‫آ^ة‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪ =>:‬و‪.‬ء و*‪D =1‬آ& و‪/(D‬ى‬‫‪ $‬ذرا‪ ..=$‬وه ة أ*(م‬ ‫ا^(((ب‪/((( (((=>: (((  ..‬ة *(((‬ ‫ا‪V‬ان ‪ $ =U &.‬ار‪:‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫*‪ a‬ا‪&L‬ذ و‪/D‬ى آ ه ‪FW‬؟‬

‫ا&‪ 5‬ة‪ :‬اس ا إ‪* F6‬ت‪..‬‬ ‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫*ت؟‪ ..‬دا أ‪ Ac * F  6‬ا*^رح‪..‬‬

‫ا&‪ 5‬ة‪ ((* :‬ه(( ((ا إ‪((* F((6‬ت ا*^((رح ‪(((.‬ق‬ ‫‪2‬ح ‪ $ D /$‬أ‪..F #‬‬ ‫ ‪((((j:‬د و‪((((.‬ء ‪((((=1)&. ..c((((H‬‬‫ا ‪/‬ة‪:‬‬

‫ا&‪ 5‬ة‪ :‬ع ا‪ 1‬م ‪1‬ض ‪ 4$‬ر (‪( (& ..‬‬ ‫‪ a$‬إ(‪/‬ك *(‪ F‬وا‪L‬رض‪ ..‬آ(‪ E‬ا‪(6/‬‬ ‫ورا‪ 2 A‬دى ‪(2 * s‬ا إ(‪/‬ه‬ ‫‪ .‬ا‪..[j‬‬ ‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫ و‪(((:‬ف و‪(((.‬ء‪7(((: ?((( ..‬ل‬‫ا ‪..‬‬ ‫   ‪ E>:‬ا‪*(4‬ا *آ(‪ ($ A7‬‬‫ (((((ب ا‪ (((((j‬ا ‪^((((( [(((((s‬‬ ‫ا‪ Cjn‬ا‪^4‬ة‪..‬‬ ‫‪ ..(((> /(((1 -‬إذا &‪ F(((7‬ا‪(((&6‬ح‬

‫‪46‬‬

‫أ‪4j&* 6‬ة‪..‬‬


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โ€ซุง&  )โ€ช(31โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฑโ€ช /โ€ฌุฏุง โ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช -63 -0โ€ฌูˆู‰โ€ฌ

โ€ซ ูˆโ€ช/((Dโ€ฌู‰ โ€ช F&((, ((# ((.โ€ฌุง((ุฉโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช/Dโ€ฌุงโ€ฌ โ€ซ ูˆุง&((ุงุจ *&((ุงุข โ€ช (($โ€ฌุงโ€ช7((DLโ€ฌุงุกโ€ฌโ€ซุง(( *(( ุงโ€ช((XLโ€ฌุซ ุง &((โ€ช ((. Xโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุฃุฑุขู† ุงโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ((_ ูˆโ€ช/((Dโ€ฌู‰ ุงโ€ช (($ ((* (( :Lโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช F ((( Dโ€ฌูˆ& โ€ชA(((>6 -(((. .. (((2โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช E((^ (($โ€ฌุง โ€ช ((jโ€ฌุง &((โ€ช((* /โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุง โ€ช7&=* gโ€ฌุงโ€ฌ โ€ซ ^(([ ูˆโ€ช/((Dโ€ฌู‰ โ€ช ((.โ€ฌุง^((โ€ชย…((s Eโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซูˆุขโ€ช..F) F6Uโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆ ู‰โ€ช a^: * :โ€ฌุขโ€ช] d&H ..%V E^ ..A/โ€ฌุฒู…โ€ฌ โ€ซุฃ*(((ุช ุง โ€ช F(((:โ€ฌุง((( ู‡((( โ€ช E((() ..โ€ฌู‡(((โ€ฌ โ€ซุงุงุฑ ุง(โ€ชBโ€ฌู‰ โ€ช($ F(ย ($ ( & F(Hโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ*โ€ช( >$ F:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ โ€ช (((( ((((Xโ€ฌูˆโ€ช/((((Dโ€ฌู‰  ((((โ€ช (((($ Fโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุงโ€ช (((4โ€ฌุงโ€ช(((jโ€ฌุฒโ€ช i6โ€ฌุงโ€ช(((nโ€ฌุฒุงู†โ€ฌ โ€ซุงโ€ช:F   & &* ..E2โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆ ู‰โ€ช] :โ€ฌุฒู… โ€ช =&((((  F((((:* ((((^:โ€ฌูˆุง((((โ€ช /โ€ฌุฒู‰โ€ฌ โ€ซ(((]โ€ช 5((( ..((( >$ F(((:* .. :โ€ฌุฅุฒุงู‰ุŸโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุฅุฒุงู‰ุŸโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ูˆ&โ€ช7โ€ฌุง((((((โ€ช /โ€ฌุงู‡&((((((โ€ช7โ€ฌุงุฒโ€ช ((((((4 Aโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุงโ€ช7&* ^$ . i67jโ€ฌุงโ€ช/โ€ฌุฉโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช#$% -โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช49โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€“โ€ฌ


‫ا&  )‪(32‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬‬ ‫‪ -63 -0‬وء‬

‫ ‪D‬آ&((( و‪/(((D‬ى * (((دة ‪[(((.‬‬‫‪.‬ق أ‪ /‬ا(‪c:‬ت ‪(*/* (.‬‬ ‫ا‪((((4‬در‪ ((((  ..‬و‪((((.‬ء ‪5((((V‬‬ ‫أ**=(((( )((((‪) ((((. C‬أ ((((‪/‬‬ ‫زآ(((((( ( ‪((((((> ((((((=c‬ات‬ ‫ا((&‪21‬ف ‪ ..((=^ F((6L‬وه(( ‬ ‫‪,  FX/:‬ق‪:‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫‪B* . d‬اآ‪ d:‬أ   أ ‪../‬‬

‫أ* ‪:‬‬

‫وأ‪ 4 * a* 6‬ه ذاآ( أو أ‪(D E( $‬‬ ‫)ل * ا‪ E4j 6 B1* &6‬د‪..A‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫ا‪ . a$ R6‬أوهم  أ ‪../‬‬

‫أ* ‪:‬‬

‫)*‪ (61‬دى *‪ a‬أوهم‪ ..‬أ‪..d^ 6‬‬

‫ ‪ ((( &^:‬و‪(((.‬ء ‪(((,f‬ق ‪(((X F((($‬‬‫‪ $ R :‬آ&‪..F‬‬

‫أ‪$ a&(((( ((((* ((((6‬ر‪ F((((.‬أ‪ d((((H‬إ((((‪F‬؟‪..‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫ ا ا‪  $ C1& R6‬أ ‪../‬‬ ‫ أ ‪(n F(^D (. A/( /(  /‬ج‬‫*‪ ((($ V‬أوراق *((( ‪(((.‬ة‬ ‫و‪/D H‬ا‪..‬‬

‫دول آ(((‪ E‬ا((( ‪/(((H‬رت أ‪( (:c: ..=(((,‬‬

‫أ* ‪:‬‬

‫‪ FD‬ور ‪..-‬‬ ‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫* = ‪ 1‬؟‬

‫أ* ‪:‬‬

‫أ‪B(($‬ر ‪ ..‬أ‪ /((H a((* ((6‬ا^=((ات ا‪((^4‬ر‬ ‫ا(( ((‪ 5(( ..d1./‬آ((ن ]زم أو‪d((#‬‬ ‫ (((‪U‬ى )((( زى *((( ‪ ..d(((#‬أ‪(((6‬‬

‫‪50‬‬


‫ ^‪..d‬‬ ‫ ‪ ((>:‬إ((‪ F‬و‪((.‬ء ‪((>6‬ة إ‪((,‬ق‬‫وه((((( أ(((((‪=((((( 6 ((((($ F6‬‬ ‫أ‪..G‬‬

‫‪  d^D . d. E,‬أ (‪ ../‬ا‪a(* (6‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

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‫آ‪ (((2` R(((6‬آ^(((ة  ((( (((^‪ R‬ا^(((‪R‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

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‫أ‪ ( d(.&$ 6‬أ (‪ /‬إن *(‪l ( a‬دم‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

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‫‪51‬‬


‫‪ 4 ..=$‬أ‪^` R6‬ن زى ]‪.. :‬‬ ‫ و‪ %(( :‬و‪((.‬ء د*‪((  ..((=$‬‬‫‪ C((s:‬ا‪ *(( &  ((=16‬أ(( ‬ ‫ر‪:H‬‬

‫أ‪( 6 a1^ * 6‬س ( أ (‪] ../‬زم‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

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‫أ* ‪:‬‬

‫ ‪ 5‬زى * ‪.. &1 64:‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

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‫أ* ‪:‬‬

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‫‪52‬‬

‫–‬


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‫‪54‬‬

‫–‬


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‫‪55‬‬

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‫‪59‬‬

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‫ا&  )‪(54‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫‪ -63 -0‬وى‬

‫ و‪/((((D‬ى ‪ ((((.‬ا&((((ن  ((((‪U‬ل‬‫ &‪s‬اب‪:‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪74‬‬

‫‪D‬ه‪D ..7‬ه‪Ff 7‬؟‬ ‫–‬


โ€ซุง&  )โ€ช(55โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฏุง โ€ช /โ€ฌุฑโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช Mโ€ฌุง&โ€ชC/โ€ฌโ€ฌ

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โ€ซุง&โ€ช:Iโ€ฌโ€ฌ

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โ€ซุง&โ€ช:Iโ€ฌโ€ฌ

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โ€ซโ€ช75โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€“โ€ฌ


‫ا&  )‪(56‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫‪ -63 -0‬وى‬

‫‪ -‬و‪/D‬ى *& ‪ . c‬ا&ن‪:‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ا ^\؟‪F< \^* ..‬؟‬

‫ص‪ .‬ا&‪:I‬‬

‫ا ب‪ ..‬ا ب  ا‪/.‬م‬

‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪76‬‬

‫–‬


โ€ซุง&  )โ€ช(57โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฏุง โ€ช /โ€ฌุฑโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช Mโ€ฌุง&โ€ช) C/โ€ฌุงโ€ช( !1Dโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ุงโ€ช EDโ€ฌุงโ€ชย(. c(& * :6โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุง&ู†โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

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โ€ซุง&โ€ช:Iโ€ฌโ€ฌ

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โ€ซโ€ช77โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€“โ€ฌ


‫ا&  )‪(58‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫‪ -63 -0‬وى‬

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‫ه ا‪ R6‬اـ‪..‬؟‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ص‪.‬ا&‪ :I‬أ‪ 6‬إ‪  F‬أ&ذ؟‪..‬‬ ‫‪ L‬و] ‪/ 5 ..D‬ى ا‪Š dU‬ال‪..‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ص‪.‬ا&‪ :I‬ا‪..EG:‬‬ ‫* &‪a44j‬؟‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪78‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(59‬‬

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‫ ‪((((((.‬د ا‪) E((((((D‬ا((((((‪( :6‬‬‫‪:4W‬‬

‫ة أوى دى‪ ..‬آ ‪d4,‬؟‪(g(1 X) ..‬‬

‫ا&‪:I‬‬

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‫‪79‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(60‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫‪ -63 -0‬وى‬

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‫و ى‪:‬‬

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‫‪ ((, g((: ((  g((:‬ل ‪ ((Hc:‬ا‪ ((6/‬ع‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ا^ب‪..‬‬ ‫‪ . % X -‬ا‪ AV:‬ا^ب‪:‬‬

‫*‪ a‬دا‪..-.‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ ‪((((( U(((((D.‬ت و‪(((((.‬ء *(((((‬‫ا‪n‬رج‪:‬‬ ‫‪ d^: -‬و‪/D‬ى *& ‪:c‬‬

‫ص‪.‬و‪.‬ء‪ :‬ا‪V*  %&.‬ن دا أ‪ 6‬و‪.‬ء‪..‬‬ ‫و‪.‬ء؟‪ ..‬و‪.‬ء *؟‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ص‪.‬و‪.‬ء‪ $& :‬ا‪V‬آ&‪..‬‬ ‫)‪ C‬و) ‪ $&  d:#‬ا‪V‬آ&‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

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‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ &‪ %‬ا^ب ? ‪/(V‬ه‪ ..‬و‪ (.‬‬‫ ‪ -‬ا^ ‪4‬ن ‪ = BD /H‬إ ‬ ‫ا(((‪/‬ا‪ (((X g((($ (((. E‬أ`((([‬ ‫ا^ب &ا ‪ 5‬ه*  ‪=>s‬‬ ‫آ‪)L‬ل‪:‬‬

‫ ‪ a* FW‬ه ‪V:‬زك‪..‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ ‪ $B((((:‬و‪((((.‬ء *(((( ‪ F(((($‬و‪/((((H‬‬‫‪/ V:‬ت *‪:=64‬‬

‫أ‪V* R6‬ن‪..‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫‪80‬‬


‫أ‪ 6‬ا *‪(V‬ن؟‪ ( ..‬أ‪ ^n&( * (6‬ه(‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫‪ (((* (((s‬ا*(((ت‪ ..‬وا‪ (((j4: (((D (((&6‬‬ ‫‪ 6/‬ان ا‪D* 6‬د‪..‬‬ ‫ و  (((( ه(((( *((((‪$B‬رة *((((‪..F‬‬‫&ب ه *=‪:‬‬

‫وع ا‪(( 1‬م إذا آ((ن ‪ ((.‬ا‪((D ((4‬از‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ا { ‪ .‬ا‪/1‬اد ا‪L‬ول‪..‬‬ ‫‪/$‬اد إ‪F‬؟‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫ ‪(((($ X/((((&* A((((= ((((=.‬‬‫ا‪B‬آى ‪.. U‬‬

‫أ‪ E((#‬وا((‪ /‬آ((ان زى ((]‪((* E((^H :‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ (((((ت ‪ 20 .. (((((H‬آ((((( ‪ E(((((,‬و*(((((‬ ‫= ‪..a4‬‬ ‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫)‪ _) .. , (4W‬آ&‪(F‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫)^ه((( أ‪ ((6‬ا(( ‪ ((,‬؟ )‪(2((, ((X‬‬ ‫‪/:‬رى ‪  =:‬إ‪ F‬ا ‪d^D‬؟‬

‫ ‪ -&&.‬و‪.‬ء ا‪E/: . CGs‬‬‫أ‪( (((6‬ى وه((((( ‪ ((((($ 5(((((V:‬‬ ‫ا‪ (((((((4‬ا‪( (((((j‬ز‪(((((((. i6‬‬ ‫ا&ء‪:E/& FU : ..‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫‪$ a* 1‬وز ‪ /:‬ا‪V‬آ& &‪d&$‬؟‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ا‪V‬آ&((؟‪ &$((& ..‬؟ )‪/((* ((X‬ا =‪(((=&V‬‬ ‫)‪ C‬ه ‪ .‬ا‪V‬آ& &‪ &$‬؟‬

‫‪ -&: -‬أ‪=$ ?^: =6‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫‪ ..%# Al‬ه ‪.‬؟‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫)*&‪ a((((* ..=&(((( 6 ..(4((((G‬آ((((‪A/‬؟‪...‬‬ ‫)‪ (2,‬أ‪$  6‬وز أ‪V:‬ز آ‪R R‬‬ ‫*‪ (((* &4(((j‬ز*(((ن‪ ..‬أ‪] (((6‬زم أ*(((ت‬ ‫‪..gG6‬‬

‫ و‪ /((((H‬أ* ((((‪ d‬ا((((‪^((((1 E/‬‬‫‪:#‬‬

‫دى دى (‪/‬ى * (‪ /‬ا^‪/(s‬ادى ‪(,‬ل‬ ‫و‪ Q‬وآ‪l $ F‬دى‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫‪81‬‬


‫ وه ` ‪.‬ه ‪j F‬ء‪.‬‬‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪82‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(66‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫ '‪ NH‬اآ‪H‬ر &>‪ . H‬‬

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‫ا&‪:X‬‬

‫أ‪ 6‬ف ‪  dW$‬دآ&ر‪..‬‬

‫ وا&(((ن (((ن دون أن ‪U(((^1‬‬‫ ‪ F‬أ‪../‬‬ ‫‪ -‬ا‪/‬آ&ر ‪ j‬إ ا&*‪ . D‬ا& آ‪#‬ر‪:‬‬

‫اد‪  4 *  F‬أ ‪..A4 s /‬‬

‫ا&‪  W :9#‬دآ&ر‪..‬‬ ‫ ا&((ن * ((&  ‪ ((.‬ا((‪..6‬‬‫وا‪/‬آ&ر *‪sj‬ل ‪..F c‬‬ ‫ وا _ *&‪(. F(64 ?^(j‬‬‫‪& */$ gs,‬د‪ A‬ا&(*‪ D‬‬ ‫*((( ذرا‪ F((($‬وه((( (((دد ‪(((.‬‬ ‫‪:H‬‬

‫ا&‪:X‬‬

‫‪c‬ص * &‪ -: a‬ا( دى ( ‪($‬‬ ‫أ ‪../‬‬

‫ وا&(((((*‪ ((((($  (((((* D‬‬‫ا‪&H‬د‪:F1* A‬‬

‫ا&‪ :9#‬أ‪ R6‬ه( ‪:‬ا‪ -(D‬آ(‪c‬م ا(‪/‬آ&ر؟ ه( ‪(=:‬‬ ‫أ  *‪F‬؟‬ ‫ا&‪:X‬‬

‫* أ‪ (6‬آ(‪( E‬م (‪/‬ه‪ (=1* ..‬راح‪..‬‬ ‫*‪H a‬در ا(& ‪ ..E‬دا ا‪/($ (6‬ى ‪($‬ل‬ ‫ ر =‪..‬‬

‫‪83‬‬


‫ا&‪ ((((((] :9#‬أ*(((((((رك‪ ..‬ورو((((((‪$ F‬د‪F(((((((:‬‬ ‫ا‪ ..(((#n‬د‪ A‬ا‪ g(((j4‬آ(((‪:((( F‬‬ ‫‪..FD‬‬ ‫ا&‪:X‬‬

‫ه ‪ F.‬وا‪ 6‬ا‪U:‬ت  ‪ $‬أ ‪/‬؟‬

‫   ‪(4‬ن ا(‪/‬آ&ر ‪ /(H‬ا‪ (=&6‬‬‫*((( ار‪/(((:‬اء *‪$((( * F((( c‬‬ ‫إ ا&ن ا‪B‬ى ن ‪f‬ح‬ ‫‪ X‬د‪:‬‬ ‫‪-‬‬

‫ا& آ‪#‬ر‪:‬‬

‫‪..l‬‬

‫ص‪.‬و ى‪ :‬أ‪c 6‬ص *‪ [) a‬هق ‪ 6‬‬

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‫أ‪($ (. (6‬د‪ :‬ا‪ (#n‬ا &(‪/‬اء *(‬ ‫د‪ .. &H‬ا‪ gj4‬ا‪..FD :‬‬

‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪84‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(62‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫‪ -63 -0‬وى‬

‫‪ . -‬ا&ن‪:‬‬

‫أ‪((&* a((* ((6‬ج آ‪ (( g((j‬دآ&((ر‪ ..‬آ((‪E‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫‪ ((,‬ء وا‪ %( W‬و((‪c‬ص ه((ق ‪ (( 6‬‬ ‫ ‪ A4‬ا ‪ $‬ا‪: . ,:‬ب ا<*م‪..‬‬ ‫ وو‪.‬ء ‪..=&4W &4: HB‬‬‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪85‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(63‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫ '‪ NH‬اآ‪H‬ر &>‪ . H‬‬

‫ ا‪/‬آ&ر د Œ&‪ F‬وا&‪V1‬ل‪:‬‬‫ا& آ‪#‬ر‪:‬‬

‫ا‪ g(((j6‬و((( ‪/((($‬ك أ*(((‪ E‬دول آ=(((‬ ‫ا‪((((^:* ..F((((D ( ((:‬ش ‪ (((($ E((((n‬‬ ‫‪..d&#‬‬

‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪86‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(64‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫‪ -63 -0‬وى‬

‫ و‪/((((((D‬ى ‪F((((((>` (((((( H ((((((.‬‬‫وا&‪7‬از‪..A‬‬

‫)‪/: C‬ق  ‪d‬؟ * ‪&  /‬ه‪E‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫اق `ك  دآ&ر‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪ [s X‬و‪/D‬ى ا‪7. Qn‬ة‪..‬‬‫ و&(‪ 5( R‬ا‪(6 ^(1‬‬‫و‪((.‬ء‪((: ((= U((D. ..‬ول آ((&‬ ‫‪..=&4W‬‬ ‫ ‪ /(((( V&.‬و‪((((. ((((=&^H F( ((=D‬‬‫`>‪..F‬‬ ‫ ‪ / V&.‬و‪ ==D‬ذ‪$‬ا‪..‬‬‫‪:# [2. -‬‬

‫دى دى ‪/‬ى * ‪ /‬ا^‪/s‬ادى‪.‬‬

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‫‪87‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(65‬‬

‫ر‪ /‬دا ‬ ‫‪1 GM -0‬ح  رع ‪  GM‬‬

‫ ‪((((=D‬ز ا&((((ن ‪((((*/* ((((.‬‬‫ا‪4‬در ‪..&*#‬‬ ‫ * ‪(6 /‬ح ا ‪(j :(47‬رع‬‫* (((((‪F&((((((# (((((. (((((($ /‬‬ ‫ا ‪]’((( (((/4‬ت ا (((‬ ‫وأ**((‪((* (($ V* 5((V: F‬‬ ‫ا‪1‬ز‪ =:]Œ .‬ا ‪..‬‬ ‫ دون ` ًء و‪6 $ .7$‬ح‬‫وه((((( (((((دد =((((( ا(((((‪/‬ة‬ ‫و‪:{6‬‬

‫‪F‬ح‪:‬‬

‫‪ AŠ* ..‬ح‪Š   AŠ  .‬ة‬

‫ا&)‪:9‬‬

‫*Š‪..AŠ*  A‬‬

‫‪F‬ح‪:‬‬

‫ Š‪..AŠ   A‬‬

‫ا&)‪:9‬‬

‫*Š‪..AŠ*  A‬‬

‫ و‪((6‬ح ‪ (($ ((&* ((= /((j‬‬‫إع اا‪/‬ة و‪ (  {6‬ه(‬ ‫*‪/(($f Es((j‬اد آ(( ‪((D‬ز‪A‬‬ ‫*‪(((G (((X ..F(((  E((( 1‬ب‬ ‫أ‪/‬ه ‪ $‬رأ‪..,  F‬‬

‫ا‪ $ C=:‬آ‪ ..(, A/‬دا ( ا (‬

‫‪F‬ح‪:‬‬

‫و‪$‬وز ا‪..n‬‬ ‫ ((((ن ا&((((ن ‪ /(((( .‬أ‪((((H‬ب‬‫ا‪(((1‬ز‪ A/((( .‬إ((( ا ((( ‪$‬‬ ‫&و= د ‪ $‬ار‪:‬‬

‫‪(((((D‬ه‪ (((((*/n 7‬ا‪(((((.L‬اح وا((((( ‬

‫ا&زف‪:‬‬

‫ا ‪c‬ح‪$ ..‬وز ا‪ 2L‬؟‬

‫‪88‬‬


‫ص‪.‬و ى‪$ L :‬وز اق ‪(4 6‬ة ا (‪12 $‬‬ ‫‪: .‬ب ا<*م‪..‬‬ ‫ا ة `‪(G  Q‬ة‪ ..‬إ( ‪ (:]l‬و]‬

‫ا&زف‪:‬‬

‫دي ‪../ /  ..:6 a* ..F&46‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪89‬‬

‫–‬


â&#x20AC;«Ø§&  )â&#x20AC;ª(66â&#x20AC;¬â&#x20AC;¬

â&#x20AC;«Ø¯Ø§ â&#x20AC;ª /â&#x20AC;¬Ø±â&#x20AC;¬ â&#x20AC;«â&#x20AC;ª -63 -0â&#x20AC;¬Ù&#x2C6;Ù&#x2030;â&#x20AC;¬

â&#x20AC;« Ù&#x2C6;â&#x20AC;ª((.â&#x20AC;¬Ø¡ â&#x20AC;ª C((H:â&#x20AC;¬Ù&#x2C6;â&#x20AC;ª/((Dâ&#x20AC;¬Ù&#x2030; Ù&#x2C6;Ù&#x2021;(( ((دâ&#x20AC;¬â&#x20AC;«*&^Ø¢ â&#x20AC;ª $â&#x20AC;¬Ø§&Ù&#x2020;â&#x20AC;ª:â&#x20AC;¬â&#x20AC;¬

â&#x20AC;«)*&^Ø¢( )â&#x20AC;ª Câ&#x20AC;¬Ø§Ø¯ اâ&#x20AC;ª.. 2Lâ&#x20AC;¬â&#x20AC;¬

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‫ا&  )‪(67‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫‪1 GM P0‬ح‬

‫‪ -‬ا ‪:^6D $‬‬

‫)*د( ا&ن  أ‪.. 2‬‬

‫ا&زف‪:‬‬

‫  (( ا‪((6 2((L‬ح  (( ((‬‫ا‪1‬ز‪ C  .‬ا‪6L‬س `(‬ ‫‪&  $‬ن‪:‬‬

‫‪F‬ح‪:‬‬

‫ Š‪..AŠ   A‬‬

‫ا&)ر‪:9‬‬

‫*Š‪..AŠ*  A‬‬

‫ وا ((((( ‪ ..A(((((* $‬وا(((((‬‫* & ‪..‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪91‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(68‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫‪ -63 -0‬وى‬

‫ و‪/(((D‬ى >((( إ((( ا ((( ‪$‬‬‫ا ^‪# =* ?1‬ت ا‪s‬ء‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪ d((  c((.‬و‪/((D‬ى إ] أن ‪((2‬‬‫‪  A/ $‬ة‪. j &* ..‬‬ ‫آ&‪ -* F‬إع ا‪..‬‬

‫*Š‪AŠ*  A‬؟‪  ..‬و‪..AŠ*  &1H‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ و>((((((‪&* E‬ا‪ ((((((H‬آ((((((‬‫ا& ‪..‬‬ ‫ وو‪(((((.‬ء ‪ F(((((^H:‬وه((((( ‪&(((((4:‬‬‫‪..=&4W‬‬ ‫   &‪ R‬إ=( و‪/(D‬ى ‪U(V.‬ة‬‫‪..F` a‬‬

‫‪d^D$‬؟‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ ‪ (($7&.‬و‪((.‬ء &((‪((` F:.‬‬‫ا =*‪..‬‬ ‫  ((( ‪(((j‬د و‪/(((D‬ى *& & ((((‬‫ ‪..F‬‬

‫ ((((Š‪ ..AŠ((((  (((( A‬ه‪((((1* =((((j$‬ك‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫وهآ= (‪/‬ور؟ )(‪a(* ..AŠ(  ( L C‬‬ ‫هآ= ‪/‬ؤ‪ ( A‬آ‪.‬ر( (‪c‬ش؟‪(& ..‬ل‬ ‫ ‪c‬ش؟‪ (^ ..‬ذ‪ ( ( AŠ(* ($ d(^6‬‬ ‫ ((Š‪ A‬وا(((ق ‪ A(((4‬ا (((‪ (((. 12 $‬‬ ‫‪:‬ب ا<*م‪..‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪92‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(69‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫‪1 -0‬ح‬ ‫‪F‬ح‪:‬‬

‫ Š‪..AŠ   A‬‬

‫ا&)رس‪:‬‬

‫*Š‪..AŠ*  A‬‬

‫ ‪(((6 F(((V& (((X‬ح إ((( ا&(((ن‬‫ ‪V‬ز‪ F((:‬دون أن &‪(($ g((H‬‬ ‫ا‪s‬ء وه ‪(,  (= (j‬‬ ‫آ‪& * $ =6U‬و‪..‬‬ ‫ و ‪ d‬ا ( ‪ ..$‬و‪E(^H F(4‬‬‫أن (((&‪ F((($ E/(((: 4‬وا(((‪/‬ة‬ ‫*((( ا‪(((1‬ا ‪/(((j&:‬ق ^‪(((6‬‬ ‫و‪ F((21:‬ور‪ (( &4* ((H‬و*‪((=1‬‬ ‫‪j$‬ة ‪=D‬ت‪:‬‬

‫إ(((‪/‬ك ‪ E(((:‬ا^آ((( ‪ (((.‬ا‪(((s‬ة دى (((‬

‫ا&&‪:8‬‬

‫أ(((‪/((($ .. 2‬ى ‪(((.‬ح (((‪ -‬ا(((‪c‬دى‪..‬‬ ‫ &ع *‪ .  1‬وآ ا^‪..%‬‬ ‫ ‪6 -G.‬ح اس ‪..F(^D .‬‬‫‪(( ((X‬أ ار‪//((, ((/V ((H‬ة‬ ‫وه(((((  (((((‪ C‬أ‪(((((* F(((((6‬‬ ‫ا‪V‬زة ` ‪:$   $‬‬ ‫وا^(( (( **((‪(( ((: ..‬ـ  (( ((‪ /‬‬

‫‪F‬ح‪:‬‬

‫ر(((ل‪ ..‬أو ‪ {(((6‬ر(((ل أو ر (((‪ -‬ر(((ل‬ ‫ا‪&,‬ى * ر وأد‪ FH‬ف  ه ه ‬ ‫‪ $‬ب ه‪.. ^] F&.‬‬ ‫ص‪.‬و ى‪U((V.) :‬ة ‪ ((.‬ا (( ‪ ..($‬ه((ق ‪ (( 6‬‬ ‫ ‪4‬ة ا ‪ $‬ا‪: . ,:‬ب ا<*م‪..‬‬

‫‪93‬‬


â&#x20AC;«)*â&#x20AC;ª ((( ((((1â&#x20AC;¬Ø§ ((( ((( ا ((( â&#x20AC;ª(((X) ..â&#x20AC;¬â&#x20AC;¬

â&#x20AC;«â&#x20AC;ªFâ&#x20AC;¬Ø­â&#x20AC;ª:â&#x20AC;¬â&#x20AC;¬

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â&#x20AC;«Ø§&&â&#x20AC;ª:8â&#x20AC;¬â&#x20AC;¬ â&#x20AC;«â&#x20AC;ª#$% -â&#x20AC;¬â&#x20AC;¬

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‫ا&  )‪(70‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫‪ -63 -0‬وى‬

‫‪ -‬و‪/D‬ى *&ا‪: : . H‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ ا  ا ‪..‬‬

‫‪ . [s X -‬ا‪7. Qn‬ة‪..‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫‪l‬ه *(Š‪ a(2 A‬ا‪..(H ($ F(D (:‬‬ ‫أ*((((ل أ‪ a.$(((( ((((* ((((6‬ا‪F(((( a((((2‬؟‬ ‫و‪$ a* :‬رف إ‪F‬؟‬

‫ ‪U((((V.‬ة &‪ (((($ ((((:=^* g((((H‬‬‫‪#‬ت ‪16 nj:‬س‪...‬‬ ‫ * ((&‪ /‬أ((‪U((D. ..F(( F‬‬‫ ‪.‬ء ‪  $6‬و‪(#‬ت ‪=(16‬‬ ‫* & ‪ >. ..‬إ= >‪:‬‬

‫وا^ إ‪F‬؟‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ ‪ (>` /=& X‬و‪ /(H‬ا‪(. i*/(6‬‬‫>((( ا& (((‪c‬م‪/((( ..‬ور ‪(((.‬‬ ‫ا‪((((* ((((j‬ددا =‪ ((((V‬ر‪E((((D‬‬ ‫*= ‪:d‬‬

‫*(( ‪ (( (( ((:‬أم أ ((‪ /‬دا ا((^‪%‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫‪..[j,‬‬ ‫ وا‪  &( ((((( * n(((((((j‬وه(((((((‬‫ &‪2‬د‪:‬‬

‫‪  *H‬و‪ ^ F‬ا‪1‬ل = (ا‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ا ‪/‬ر‪..‬‬ ‫‪ -‬وا‪ .. & * nj‬وه & ‪-‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫‪ -‬وا‪ .. & * nj‬وه & ‪-‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫‪ R& X -‬إ=‪:‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫  ‪ a* 4$‬ه‪ =^V:‬ا^ `(  (‬ ‫أر‪ R((( d(((1D‬أ (((آ ‪ ..‬آ‪(((D R(((6‬ازة‬ ‫*=^^‪..‬‬ ‫&(( ا‪((1‬ل ((‪((1* =/‬آ ‪R(( (($‬‬ ‫أ آ ‪$ a* ..‬وزه‪..‬‬ ‫أ‪H 6‬در أ‪ (  6 E,‬را( ‪ (n:‬‬

‫‪95‬‬


‫‪  1 :‬و ا‪ &6‬؟‬ ‫ ‪((&. ..=:((# ((1‬ب *=((‬‫* &‪7‬ا‪:‬‬

‫)((‪ C‬وا ان *(( ‪(() ((&6] &((#‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ &‪..:c‬‬ ‫‪n, 1 -‬ه‪. ..‬خ‪:‬‬

‫) &‪..:c‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ ‪$B((((* ((((V$7* ((((&.‬رة‬‫وه ‪ =c‬آ ‪V‬ن‪:‬‬

‫)(( &‪ ..((:c& (() ..((:c‬وا‪((6‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫هق ‪.. 6‬‬ ‫ ‪&.‬ب ‪B‬هل &(‪ F.‬وه(‬‫‪..=c‬‬ ‫ وه((( ‪&:‬ا‪=> -(((D‬ه((( ‪(((.‬‬‫ا‪ AV:‬ا^ب ‪ .‬ر‪:C$‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫أ‪ 6‬ا آ‪ D R‬ا‪B6‬ك‪..‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫) ‪ (.c‬إ‪6‬ذ *‪(* F(. ..a‬ت‪F(. ..‬‬ ‫‪.. >$‬‬ ‫أ‪ ..(((l (((6‬وع ا‪((( 1‬م ه(((^‪/(((* d‬ام‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫‪/((((H‬ا*‪((((4 ((((s ((((#. d‬ة ا ((((‪$‬‬ ‫ا‪..,:‬‬ ‫)*‪: . (c 4‬ب ا<*م‪..‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ و‪.‬ء ‪ %&:‬ا^ب ر‪ D‬و‪E(^H‬‬‫أن ‪ [s:‬وراءه‪:‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫‪ : X -‬إ‪ F‬ر‪:H‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫‪/H‬ا*‪ $ d‬وا‪/‬ة ‪j$‬ن ‪ /:‬ا‪V‬آ&‬ ‫ &‪ d&$‬وإ] ه‪..=H‬‬ ‫ا‪l E((((((((G:‬دى ا‪((((((((1‬ان‪((((((((, 7 ..‬رع‬ ‫ا‪/‬ر* ‪..12 ,‬‬

‫ و‪ [s:‬ا^ب =‪..‬‬‫  ((( و(((‪ g‬وه((( * (((&=‪7‬‬‫و‪ A/ .‬ار‪:H‬‬

‫‪, 7‬رع ا‪/‬ر* ‪12 ,‬؟ ه( ‪ ..‬ا(‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫*((‪((& a‬ع ‪(($‬و‪-((* a*((1& ((* ..‬‬

‫‪96‬‬


‫‪D‬اب اوى‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪7(((((  (((((X‬ق ار‪(((((* : (((((H‬‬‫و=‪:‬‬

‫ا &ع ا(ق ‪(4‬ة ا (‪ $‬ا‪(,:‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫‪(((: (((.‬ب ا<*(((م‪ (((, ..‬ا ((( (((‪/‬ى‬ ‫* ((‪/((s (( /‬ادى‪ ..‬ه(( ‪(( 6 ((:‬ة ‪((/$‬‬ ‫[ ‪ d$‬ا^ ‪..‬‬ ‫‪ -‬و‪ /H‬أ* ‪ E/ d‬ا&ن‪:‬‬

‫دى دى‪ ..‬آ ‪l $‬دى‪..‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪97‬‬

‫–‬


โ€ซุง&  )โ€ช(71โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฏุง โ€ช /โ€ฌุฑโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ชE -63 -0โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ุง&(((ู† โ€ช(((*/* ย(((. R*(((#โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุงโ€ช(((((4โ€ฌุฏุฑ ูˆ*(((((โ€ช*  /โ€ฌุงโ€ช(((((=Dโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช:AB*c:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ &โ€ช:9โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช&   16โ€ฌู„ ุฅโ€ชFโ€ฌุŸโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ &=(((((((โ€ช Eโ€ฌุง& (((((((โ€ช12(((((((* Bโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุง & * โ€ช6โ€ฌู‚ )ูˆู‡ ุงโ€ชย(. \(&Lโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซู ุง (โ€ฌ

โ€ซ โ€ชHโ€ฌู„  โ€ชcโ€ฌู…  ุฃ&ุฐ  &โ€ช (. (jโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ชUFโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง โ€ช/โ€ฌุฑ((( ุขโ€ช/โ€ฌู‡(((โ€ช ..Fโ€ฌุข(((ู† ุงุง(((โ€ช-(((2 /โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุงโ€ชLโ€ฌูˆู„ โ€ช .โ€ฌุง]*&ู†โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ช^:โ€ฌู‚ โ€ช  /(* $โ€ฌุง(&โ€ช7โ€ฌุงุฒุงโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช [W ย.โ€ฌูˆโ€ช /Hโ€ฌุฃโ€ช(,โ€ฌุฑ โ€ชU(V.โ€ฌุฉ ุฅ( โ€ฌ โ€ซู‡โ€ชBโ€ฌุง ุง& โ€ชn Bโ€ฌุฒุงโ€ช..6โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง& ุฑุณโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

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โ€ซโ€ช:UFโ€ฌโ€ฌ

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โ€ซุง& ุฑุณโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

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โ€ซโ€ช:UFโ€ฌโ€ฌ

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โ€ซุง& ุฑุณโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช98โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุงโ€ช %&((((.โ€ฌุง((((โ€ช/โ€ฌูƒ ูˆ ((((โ€ชcโ€ฌุด *ูˆ(((( (((( ุง ((((โ€ฌ


โ€ซุงโ€ช (  ..%#โ€ฌุฃโ€ช (6โ€ฌู‡โ€ช 4(,โ€ฌุข(โ€ช(D Eโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช .โ€ฌุง โ€ช/โ€ฌุฑ ุฃ*ู„ ุงโ€ช/โ€ฌุฑูˆุณ ุงโ€ช#nโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช $โ€ฌู‡ โ€ชFโ€ฌุŸโ€ฌ โ€ซ ุง (((โ€ช/โ€ฌุฑุณ โ€ช ..F (((Gโ€ฌูˆุง& (((โ€ชBโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ=((((((((โ€ช Fโ€ฌูˆุง ((((((((โ€ช/โ€ฌุฑุณ (((((((( โ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ช(((( 4โ€ฌุช ูˆุขโ€ชc((((` a((( F((((6Uโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ*โ€ช:*&4โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง& ุฑุณโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ*โ€ช aโ€ฌุข( (ุฏุฑุณ โ€ช d4(, (4โ€ฌูˆ(ุขโ€ชRโ€ฌุŸโ€ฌ โ€ซ)((โ€ช Cโ€ฌูˆุง ]โ€ช((&6โ€ฌุง โ€ช :((.โ€ฌุฅ((โ€ช4/โ€ฌุง ุขโ€ช((4โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ*((ุฏุงู… โ€ช d4((j 6((:4.โ€ฌูˆุง^((ู„โ€ช (( ..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุฃโ€ช R6โ€ฌูˆู‡โ€ช ..โ€ฌุงโ€ช&.โ€ฌุง ุฅโ€ช..4/โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ (((((โ€ช g2โ€ฌุง&โ€ช B(((((*cโ€ฌุงโ€ชLโ€ฌุฑ โ€ช(((((1โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุฃ**โ€ช..==* Fโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช -โ€ฌุงโ€ชLโ€ฌูˆู„ *&โ€ช..cโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง\ูˆู„โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ*โ€ช  a=1โ€ฌุฃ&ุฐโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช -โ€ฌุง&โ€ช:21& * 6โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&โ€ช:9F#โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฃโ€ช/$ 6โ€ฌู‰ โ€ช 5 &  :โ€ฌูˆุง โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช -โ€ฌูˆุงย? โ€ช:56โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช:UFโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฃโ€ช4(W$ (. 6โ€ฌุงโ€ช .โ€ฌูˆู‡(โ€ชHโ€ฌู„ ]*( โ€ช7(:โ€ฌูˆุฏโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช:56  /* j -โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ &โ€ช:9โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช  :โ€ฌุงโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ)โ€ช Cโ€ฌุงโ€ช /1Hโ€ฌุฃโ€ช..R6โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ โ€ช ((& ((Xโ€ฌุงย’ ( โ€ช((Gโ€ฌุจโ€ฌโ€ซ โ€ชnโ€ฌุฒุงโ€ช 6โ€ฌูˆู‡ ุขโ€ช 2โ€ฌุฑโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ช(((((Gโ€ฌุจ โ€ช(((((Dโ€ฌุณ ุง&(((((ู†โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซูˆุฏูˆู† ุฃู† &โ€ช"  /((((*" g((((Hโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช((W (($โ€ฌุจ ุง&โ€ช((l ย((. B((*cโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ((ุฏ โ€ช (($โ€ฌุง&((ู† โ€ช5((6 ย((.โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุงโ€ช..RHโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช# F:U -โ€ฌุช ูˆโ€ช/Dโ€ฌู‰โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ &โ€ช:9โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช..lโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุตโ€ช.โ€ฌูˆ ู‰โ€ช :โ€ฌุฃโ€ช 6โ€ฌู‡ ู‚ โ€ช.. 6โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ โ€ชG.โ€ฌุจ *โ€ช  /โ€ฌุง& (โ€ช Bโ€ฌุง(โ€ชBโ€ฌู‰โ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช F((($โ€ฌุง(((โ€ช/โ€ฌูˆุฑ ูˆู‡((( โ€ช5(((6 ย(((.โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช99โ€ฌโ€ฌ


โ€ซุงโ€ช(((( R((((Hโ€ฌุฏ โ€ช (((($โ€ฌุง&((((ู†โ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ช 5โ€ฌุงโ€ช..Esโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ &โ€ช:9โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ* โ€ช:โ€ฌู‚โ€ช ..โ€ฌุงโ€ช (=H: & j6โ€ฌุข=( (โ€ฌ โ€ซุฑุจ ูˆุฃโ€ช .. * 6โ€ฌุฃโ€ชdH6 6โ€ฌุŸโ€ช .โ€ฌุงโ€ช* R6โ€ฌุŸโ€ฌ

โ€ซุตโ€ช.โ€ฌูˆ ู‰โ€ช..=* a* :โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ &โ€ช:9โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช 1โ€ฌุฃโ€ช 6โ€ฌุง ู‡=  ุŸโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ูˆโ€ชcs6(  /* UDโ€ฌู‚ ุงโ€ชQ(nโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช -(((G.โ€ฌุง ((( โ€ชย(((. (((=64* $โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช* lโ€ฌุฏุฏุงโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ &โ€ช:9โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆโ€ช 4$โ€ฌุฑ โ€ช Fโ€ฌุง ูˆ ุขโ€ช..F:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ โ€ช B*c& F*c4 FD& Xโ€ฌูˆู‡โ€ฌโ€ซ* &  โ€ช:1 = W ย.โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ &โ€ช:9โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุงโ€ช %&((.โ€ฌุง((โ€ช/โ€ฌูƒ *((โ€ช ..F(( dโ€ฌุง((โ€ช 4/โ€ฌู‡โ€ชE((G:โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซูˆุงุฑ*((((โ€ช ((((V: ((((* ((((s Fโ€ฌุง<((((โ€ช /โ€ฌุฏู‰โ€ฌ โ€ซ*โ€ช. 4โ€ฌุณโ€ช ..โ€ฌุง(ุณ ( ุง*(โ€ช ..โ€ฌุฅุฐุงโ€ฌ โ€ซุขู† ุง^ู„ *โ€ช aโ€ฌุขโ€ช $ Rโ€ฌู‡(โ€ช R4โ€ฌุฃโ€ช(6โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช4((($โ€ฌุŸโ€ช (((( ..โ€ฌุฃ ((((ูƒ โ€ชR4((((  ((((Vโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช C#โ€ฌุง^โ€ช $ Rโ€ฌุง<โ€ชVโ€ฌุฑโ€ช ..โ€ฌุงโ€ช(* ..%&(.โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซู‡((( ูˆุฑุง(((โ€ช ..%โ€ฌุงโ€ช((( * d4(((jโ€ฌุน ูˆุงโ€ชE((($7โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ*โ€ช.โ€ฌุนโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช#$% -โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช100โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€“โ€ฌ


‫ا&  )‪(72‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫أ!‪R! -‬‬

‫!‪ A‬ا‪Q‬‬

‫ ا&((ن ‪(($ V* ((*/* ((.‬‬‫آ((((درات *&& ‪((((4& ((((1‬ت‬ ‫‪(((((((((& 4(((((((((j:‬ة *د(((((((((‪E‬‬ ‫‪1&((( :‬ض ‪ = ((( D‬آ(((ت‬ ‫را‪ ..((((((((H‬و*(((((((( =((((((((‬ ‫ا‪((,c‬ت ‪-(( D ((* -((H2:‬‬ ‫ا]‪V:‬ه((((((ت آ (((((( ا‪B((((((n:‬ت‬ ‫و‪/(((/D (((#‬ا‪(((= ?((( ..‬‬ ‫*‪ * $ V‬ا ر‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪((((((G‬ب ‪((((((D‬س ا&((((((ن‬‫ا ‪((D‬د ‪ ((.‬ا‪(( . F((:L‬ع‬ ‫إ((‪ F‬ا ((ر ا‪((j‬ب ا‪Q((j‬‬ ‫ (((((‪ 5‬آ‪ F(((((:‬ا‪..(((((,‬‬ ‫‪ -..‬ا ( ‪U =4(  $‬ذ‪F(6‬‬ ‫وآ&((((‪]s((((j* E((((> ((((  F‬‬ ‫ آ((((ت ا&(((( دون أن‬ ‫&‪ g(((((H‬وه(((((  (((((& ‪ -‬إ((((( ‬ ‫ا ‪# ?  4‬ت و‪/D‬ى‪:‬‬ ‫ص‪.‬و ى‪ ..((l :‬أ‪ ((6‬ه((ق ‪ A((4 (( 6‬ا ((‪$‬‬ ‫ا‪: . ,:‬ب ا<*م‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪ g(H&.‬ا ((ر ا‪((j‬ب ‪(($‬‬‫ا&((( ‪(((.‬را و‪ /(((H‬أ* (((‪d‬‬ ‫ا (( ‪ ((. A/(( $‬اه& ((م ‪((X‬‬

‫‪101‬‬


‫ ((‪F((:6 ((. EV((  (( d‬‬ ‫‪ (($‬ا&ا ((‪7‬ة و‪/(( /((H‬أ  ((‪U‬ل‬ ‫ا &‪/‬ث‪:‬‬

‫ا&‪R‬ر‪:‬‬

‫ا ‪ d‬إ‪F‬؟‬

‫ص‪.‬و ى‪..=* a* :‬‬ ‫ا&‪R‬ر‪:‬‬

‫ (((‪] 5‬زم ا&((([ ا((( ا((( ه( (‬ ‫‪..E &4* ^ F 16‬‬

‫ص‪.‬و ى‪ :‬أ‪c 6‬ص‪: {H6 a& * ..‬ت‪..‬‬ ‫ا&‪R‬ر‪:‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪102‬‬

‫)‪& C‬ل  ‪F‬؟‬ ‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(73‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫‪ -63 -0‬وى‬

‫ و‪/((((D‬ى *&((((‪(((( X/‬د ‪ (((($‬‬‫ا ر ‪ .‬ا&ن‪:‬‬

‫‪$‬وز ‪1 /‬ف‪..‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ص‪.‬ا&‪R‬ر‪1 :‬ف إ‪F‬؟‬ ‫أ‪ 6‬هق ‪4 6‬ة ا (‪ $‬ا‪(,:‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫‪: .‬ب ا<*م‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪ [s X‬ا‪..^1 Qn‬‬‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪103‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(74‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫أ!‪ -‬ا‪RH‬‬

‫ا‪ A!.‬ا‪Q‬‬

‫ ا ((ر ا‪((j‬ب و‪D((. /((H‬‬‫ ((‪cs6‬ق ا‪ ..Q((n‬و‪ ((($ F((4‬‬ ‫ار ‪4‬ن ‪(: /H‬ك ه& (م‬ ‫‪ ((1^) E4((j $(( * //((,‬‬ ‫آ‪7V‬ء * و&‪ F‬ر‪(* (D‬‬ ‫ا‪..F:L‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪104‬‬

‫–‬


โ€ซุง&  )โ€ช(75โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฏุง โ€ช /โ€ฌุฑโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ช #$โ€ฌุงโ€ช-Sโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ุง โ€ช (1^2โ€ฌุฏุง((ุฉ โ€ชx(( 6 -((^) ย((.โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุง โ€ช   ..Vโ€ฌุฑ(โ€ช 5โ€ฌุง&(โ€ฌ โ€ซ*&โ€ช (( ]((Vโ€ฌุงโ€ช(( 1โ€ฌู„  ((&โ€ช-2โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุง^ูˆโ€ช (((((.โ€ฌูˆโ€ช /(((((Hโ€ฌูˆโ€ช E(((((#โ€ฌุฅ(((((โ€ชFโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุง ((ุฑ ุงโ€ช((jโ€ฌุจ ุง((โ€ชBโ€ฌู‰ = ((โ€ช5โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช ย(((.โ€ฌุฃุฐโ€ช((( 4 F(((6โ€ฌุช ] โ€ช=1 ((( 6โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช/jโ€ฌุฉ โ€ช#โ€ฌุช ุง โ€ช..- 2โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ชf.โ€ฌุฐุง โ€ช 5โ€ฌุง& (*ย (โ€ชFโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ  ุง)โ€ช..-โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&โ€ชRโ€ฌุฑโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ชL Fโ€ฌุŸโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฑโ€ช((((W* UWโ€ฌุน โ€ช (((($โ€ฌูˆุง((((โ€ช ((((^ ((((& /โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุง&โ€ช:/#โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ*โ€ช((((Wโ€ฌุน โ€ช (((($โ€ฌูˆุง((((โ€ชA((((^D$ a((((* /โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุงโ€ช((j$ d((. (((. d(( ..((j1โ€ฌู† โ€ช:โ€ฌุข(((โ€ชEโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช..a$โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ โ€ช Xโ€ฌู ุฑโ€ช 5โ€ฌุง&โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ โ€ช gH&.โ€ฌุง ุฑ *โ€ชF(1^& F(64โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ >ุงโ€ช..F:โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ช(6 ยˆ)^&* 2n FV& Xโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุฃโ€ช F:โ€ฌุง&โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช#$% -โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&  )โ€ช(76โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€“โ€ฌ

โ€ซุฏุง โ€ช /โ€ฌุฑโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช105โ€ฌโ€ฌ


โ€ซุฃ!โ€ช Tโ€ฌุงโ€ชRHโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุงโ€ช A!.โ€ฌุงโ€ชQโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ุง ((((((((((((ุฑ ุงย’((((((((((((โ€ฌโ€ซ* (((((((&  โ€ช(((((((: ย(((((((.โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุง ุฏโ€ชcโ€ฌุช โ€ช F^,โ€ฌุงโ€ช1โ€ฌุฑ(โ€ช ..โ€ฌูˆโ€ช/(Hโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุงโ€ช R G6โ€ฌุฅ= ุฅโ€ช/$โ€ฌุงุฏ โ€ช//Dโ€ฌุฉโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ  (( ((โ€ช E/โ€ฌุง ((ุฑ ุงโ€ช((jโ€ฌุจโ€ฌโ€ซ(((ู‡  โ€ช(((,โ€ฌุฑุฏุง ูˆโ€ช ((($ 5(((Vโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุฃ((โ€ช /โ€ฌุงโ€ช4โ€ฌุง(( *โ€ช((4โ€ฌุง ุฏูˆู† ุฃู†โ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช V U^1โ€ฌุง โ€ช..F Qโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ชUV. A$  : Xโ€ฌุฉ <โ€ช(#โ€ฌุงุฑโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช , $โ€ฌุก *โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช#$% -โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช106โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€“โ€ฌ


‫ا&  )‪(77‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫ '‪ M NH‬‬

‫ ‪ 2‬آ^ة &ن ن ‪ $‬‬‫*‪ n. C&4‬وإ ‪D‬ار‪2. A‬‬ ‫ا ‪ C(((((&4‬ا&((((( ‪ E((((( :‬ا(((((‬ ‫"*((‪ /‬ا((‪/‬ر* ا ((* "‪..‬‬ ‫  ((( ‪ E/(((:‬ا‪(((4‬در (((‪/((( : /‬‬ ‫رز*(((( أوراق *((((( آ^(((((ة‬ ‫‪/D‬ا‪..‬‬ ‫ و‪ %&(((((((:‬ا‪*(((((((4‬ا >=(((((((‬‫ا (((* "‪/((( E(((^6‬ر" ‪ ((($‬‬ ‫*‪ F((((^&4‬وه((((  ((((& رز*(((((‬ ‫ا‪L‬وراق *((( ا‪&(((L‬ذ *((( ‬ ‫"أ ‪"[.: /‬‬

‫دول ‪7D‬ء * أ‪ R: d 1:‬ا ب‪..‬‬

‫‪:9‬‬

‫ وا ((* ‪-(((.: A/(( /(((& &. ..‬‬‫ا (( ‪ $‬و‪((` ((6X =1((G:‬‬ ‫‪&((  (($‬ن وه(( *‪s((j‬ل‬ ‫ س‪..‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪107‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(78‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫‪ -63 -0‬وى‬

‫ و‪/(((D‬ى >((( ‪ (((.‬ا ((( ‪$‬‬‫ ‪ (((((* ((((() …(((((s‬آ(((((‬ ‫إ`‪c‬ق ا‪:Qn‬‬

‫أ‪ ((((>s& R((((6‬؟‪ C(((() ..‬وا *(((( ا‪((((6‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫‪..d:$‬‬ ‫ و‪(((((j‬ع ‪5(((((6 C((((() (((((.‬‬‫ا ة‪..‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪108‬‬

‫–‬


โ€ซุง&  )โ€ช(79โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฏุง โ€ช /โ€ฌุฑโ€ฌ โ€ซ 'โ€ช NHโ€ฌุงโ€ช Uโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ุง ((((* โ€ช ..โ€ฌูˆุฃ**((((โ€ช Fโ€ฌุงโ€ช&((((Lโ€ฌุฐโ€ฌโ€ซ*(((((((( * ((((((((&โ€ช2โ€ฌุฏุง โ€ชย((((((((.โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุงโ€ช..?/โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ (((โ€ช (((. Q((( 5โ€ฌุฏ*`(((โ€ช dโ€ฌุฃู† ูˆุข(((โ€ช((( 6 Eโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช:9โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง((โ€ช/โ€ฌุงุฉ ุฒู‰ ุงโ€ช/โ€ฌุงู‡((โ€ช ..โ€ฌุฃูˆโ€ชU (($โ€ฌุข((โ€ช ((. dโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุงโ€ชLโ€ฌุฏโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ช.โ€ฌู† ุง&ู†โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ ูˆ(((โ€ช /โ€ฌุง (((* โ€ช(((l ย(((. /(((& :โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช -((((((.โ€ฌุง (((((( โ€ช $โ€ฌูˆโ€ช=1((((((Gโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช R4(((((( .โ€ฌุง((((((โ€ช /((((((1 6โ€ฌุฃูˆู„โ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช ..F (((((Wโ€ฌูˆู‡((((( (((((ุฏ โ€ช ((((($โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ* โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&โ€ช:9/โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆ] = โ€ช ..dโ€ฌุฃโ€ช ($ (* ( R76 6โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ^โ€ช Eโ€ฌุง โ€ช..jโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ)โ€ช ? Cโ€ฌุฅโ€ช d6โ€ฌุง * &โ€ช.. $โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช:9โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ โ€ชF((((( (((((* R(((((& (((((Xโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ* &โ€ช2โ€ฌุฏุงโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช:9โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฃโ€ช 6โ€ฌุง& โ€ช Rโ€ฌุง ^\ โ€ช..c1.โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&โ€ช:9/โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุขโ€ชcโ€ฌู… โ€ช..E Dโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ โ€ช(((((.โ€ฌู† ุง&(((((ู† ูˆุง (((((* โ€ฌโ€ซ (((((((โ€ช 1 &((((((( * F&4โ€ฌู‡& (((((((ู…โ€ฌ โ€ซ  โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆ*((( โ€ชL ..R(((^ย: (((D a(((.โ€ฌู† ุง(((โ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช:9โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช $ Rโ€ฌุขโ€ช Eโ€ฌุง &โ€ช/โ€ฌุงุชโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุง&โ€ช:9/โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ)โ€ช Cโ€ฌูˆ  ุง  ุง ุงโ€ชdโ€ฌุŸโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช:9โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ*โ€ช/โ€ฌุด ู‡ (&โ€ช ..F($ %โ€ฌุข(โ€ช Fโ€ฌูˆุฃุข(โ€ช ..Eโ€ฌุฃโ€ช(6โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ* โ€ช Rโ€ฌุฃ*ุฑู‰โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช109โ€ฌโ€ฌ


โ€ซ ((((((ู† ุง&((((((ู† ูˆุง ((((((* โ€ฌโ€ซ โ€ช 5 F&4โ€ฌุงย’ ูˆู‡(  (โ€ชUโ€ฌู„โ€ฌ โ€ซ* โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&โ€ช:9/โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ)โ€ช Cโ€ฌูˆุง&[ โ€ช .โ€ฌุฃ^ุจ ุง[โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช:9โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ* โ€ช ..d( (. a2:โ€ฌุฏู‰ โ€ช=&^( 1 (,โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซูˆุงโ€ช E(( F((1โ€ฌูˆุงโ€ชLโ€ฌุฑโ€ช g((,โ€ฌุงโ€ช" E((:โ€ฌูˆุข((โ€ชFโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุฑูˆุญ"โ€ช ..โ€ฌุงโ€ช R( (1^) 1 jโ€ฌุน ุงย’(โ€ฌ โ€ซูˆ*(((((โ€ช aโ€ฌุฃู‰ ุฃโ€ช ..(((((Xโ€ฌูˆุง&((((( *(((((ุณโ€ฌ โ€ซุข=  โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ุง (((* *&=(((โ€ช/โ€ฌุง โ€ช ย(((.โ€ฌุงุฑโ€ช(((:โ€ฌุญโ€ฌโ€ซ*โ€ช -โ€ฌุง & * ุฅโ€ชV$โ€ฌุจ =ุกโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&โ€ช:9/โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ)((โ€ช ((* Cโ€ฌุงโ€ช((&6โ€ฌุง *(( &&((โ€ชDโ€ฌุด *((*โ€ฌ โ€ซุฃู‡โ€ช..Fโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ  ((( (((ู† ุง&(((ู† โ€ช(((&.โ€ฌูˆู„โ€ฌโ€ซุง โ€ช $โ€ฌู‡(โ€ช ABโ€ฌุง (ุฉ (ุฏ ูˆู‡(โ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช ย.โ€ฌุข*โ€ช Eโ€ฌุง&โ€ช:Fโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&โ€ช:9/โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช..lโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุตโ€ช.โ€ฌูˆ ู‰โ€ช ..(2,) :โ€ฌุฏุง ุงโ€ช &^` R6โ€ฌุง โ€ชnโ€ฌู€โ€ช.โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ช [((((s.โ€ฌุง ((((* ุงโ€ชย((((. Q((((nโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ (((((ูˆุฏ โ€ช/(((((& //(((((,โ€ฌุซ ุฅ((((( โ€ฌ โ€ซ* โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&โ€ช:9/โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช . &4j* ^:โ€ฌุงโ€ช =^jโ€ฌุง ุงโ€ช..dโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช:9โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช .. ^V1:โ€ฌุงโ€ช ( Es&,โ€ฌุฃโ€ช R(6โ€ฌูˆโ€ช(,โ€ฌู ุฃุข(โ€ชEโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช..  dj$โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ   (โ€ช :4( E/โ€ฌุง (* โ€ฌโ€ซ*โ€ช..c=* 1./โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&โ€ช:7)5โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฃ(((โ€ช(((^* gโ€ฌูˆูƒ ((( ุฃโ€ช/(((.โ€ฌู…โ€ช/(((# ..โ€ฌุฑ โ€ช(((Hโ€ฌุงุฑโ€ฌ โ€ซุง&โ€ช A((4 ((* ..d(($& ((1โ€ฌุงโ€ช R((6โ€ฌูˆุข((โ€ชEโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช  6โ€ฌุงโ€ช/โ€ฌุงุฉโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ูˆ  ((( โ€ช -(((2โ€ฌุง (((* โ€ช ((($โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซูˆุฑโ€ช((( (((Hโ€ฌุงุฑ (((โ€ช((( ..Fโ€ฌู†โ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช(((Dโ€ฌุณ ุง&(((ู† ูˆ>(((โ€ช((( Eโ€ฌู†โ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช110โ€ฌโ€ฌ


โ€ซุฏูˆู† ุฃู† โ€ช F U^1โ€ฌุฃโ€ช../โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ุฃ*(( *(( โ€ช((^&.โ€ฌู‚ โ€ชย((. A(($โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ^? ูˆโ€ช.โ€ฌุญ *& โ€ช..cโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช:9โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆุขโ€ช 56  6 Eโ€ฌุงโ€ช/โ€ฌุงุฉ &โ€ช&$โ€ฌุŸโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&โ€ช:7)5โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช 56โ€ฌุงโ€ช/โ€ฌุงุฉโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ุง * ูˆู„ ุฅโ€ช$โ€ฌุฏุฉ ุงุณโ€ฌโ€ซูˆโ€ช..4โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ชUV. * / /& &.โ€ฌุฉ ุฒ*&โ€ฌโ€ซุฃูˆุฑุงู‚ *  * โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซูˆุฏูˆู„ ู‡โ€ช /โ€ฌุง&โ€ช.1โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช:9โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ โ€ช BUโ€ฌุง * ุง(ุณ (โ€ฌโ€ซูˆโ€ช$((((( F(((((4โ€ฌู† *((((( ((((([โ€ฌ โ€ซ*&^=โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช $ * R. -โ€ฌุข&โ€ช:Fโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฃโ€ช^* gโ€ฌูˆูƒโ€ช..1^) G ..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช:9โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ูˆู * โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ ุง (((* ูˆู‡((( =(((ุฑ โ€ช ((($โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุงโ€ช ((((((  .. ((((((4โ€ฌุง&((((((ู†โ€ฌ โ€ซู†โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ช&.โ€ฌูˆู„ ุง&(ู† &ุง( (ุฏโ€ฌโ€ซ โ€ช7โ€ฌู†โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&โ€ช:9/โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ) โ€ช7โ€ฌู†( โ€ช..lโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุตโ€ช.โ€ฌูˆ ู‰โ€ช) :โ€ฌุขโ€ช(((((Bโ€ฌุฃโ€ช ( ((6โ€ฌู‡((((ู‚ โ€ช((((4 ( (( 6โ€ฌุฉโ€ฌ โ€ซุง โ€ช $โ€ฌุงโ€ช ,:โ€ฌู โ€ช:โ€ฌุจ ุง<*ู…โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุง&โ€ช:9/โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ)ูˆู‡(( โ€ช((,โ€ฌุฑุฏ( ุงโ€ช((* R((6โ€ฌุŸโ€ช ..โ€ฌู‡(( *โ€ชC((&4โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซูˆุขโ€ช  6 Eโ€ฌุงโ€ช/โ€ฌุงุฉโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช#$% -โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช111โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€“โ€ฌ


‫ا&  )‪(80‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫‪ -63 -0‬وى‬

‫‪ -‬و‪/D‬ى ‪ .‬ا&ن د‪:‬‬

‫ا‪/((((=& R((((6‬د‪ 6‬؟ أ‪ ..a = ((((* ((((6‬أ‪((((6‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫‪c‬ص )=‪ R‬وهق ‪.. 6‬‬ ‫ ‪ [s X‬ا‪..Qn‬‬‫ ‪ F(((V& (((X‬إ((( أ(((‪ /‬ا‪4‬ا((( ‬‫دا‪ (((.‬رأ(((‪ ((( F‬آ(((‪ F‬أ*(((م‬ ‫ا&ن ‪F 6 X/* …` .‬‬

‫ا‪ (((j1‬و*(((‪((($ a‬رف أ‪C((() ..=(((j$‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ا ‪F FV1* F:‬؟‪..‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪112‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(81‬‬

‫ر‪ /‬دا ‬ ‫اور ا‪/‬ى  ‪ -6‬وء‬

‫ "و‪((((.‬ء" ‪ ((((.‬آ*((((‪ E‬ز&=((((‬‫و*‪(( " ((=1‬دة ((‪(( *" "d‬د‬ ‫‪((.‬ج" ر‪ ((=* E((D‬و‪/((^ ((4‬و‬ ‫‪ F$‬ا‪..j‬‬ ‫  ((((‪ d‬و‪ ((((==D‬ا‪(((( [((((H‬‬‫‪:F/‬‬

‫*دة ‪:C‬‬

‫ ‪H‬ل إ‪F‬؟‪ ..‬أ‪ EG. 6‬أد‪ d(1.‬زى *(‬ ‫)ل ‪( $‬ى (د‪(# (X) ..-.‬ر( *(‬ ‫‪ gL FD‬راح أد‪ (X) ..-.‬ه* (( (‪5‬‬ ‫*((( ^(((ش ‪(((` 6(((: /((( F(((.‬ى‪(((X)..‬‬ ‫‪#‬ر( *=م؟‬

‫‪U&: -‬و‪n F$ * A‬ف‪:‬‬

‫وأ‪ 6‬أ‪/H‬ر  رو ؟‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫ ‪ ((($ d(((G.‬آ‪ E(((2‬و‪/(((H‬‬‫أ(((ع ‪ -(((n‬ا‪V‬آ&(((‪(((  ..‬‬ ‫‪ :‬ع ه ر‪..D‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪113‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(82‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫رآ( ا‪.H‬ن ‪R‬ن وء‬

‫ و‪.‬ء ‪ -.:‬ا ‪&* $‬‬‫و‪ C((((2:‬ر‪((((: ((((& ..(((( H‬د‬ ‫ه ‪:‬‬

‫‪ ..l‬و‪/D‬ى؟‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫ص‪.‬و ى‪ :‬أ‪ A‬أ‪ 6‬ز‪..R.‬‬ ‫)‪ C‬أو‪ V: $‬د‪  &H‬و‪/D‬ى؟‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪114‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(83‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫‪ -63 -0‬وى‬

‫‪ -‬و‪/D‬ى * &‪7‬ا ‪ .‬ا&ن‪:‬‬

‫‪ Dl‬؟‪ ..‬ه أ‪ 6‬آ‪ ($ d& W R‬إ(‪/‬ك‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫و‪ d&H‬أ‪D 6‬ى؟ ‪ X‬إن إ‪ F‬ا( ‪c‬آ( ‬ ‫ر‪ . &1D‬آ‪d*c‬؟‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪115‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(84‬‬

‫ر‪ /‬دا ‬ ‫رآ( ا‪.H‬ن ‪R‬ن وء‬

‫ و‪((.‬ء ‪(((:‬د *‪ (((. (((4^:‬ذ‪((($‬‬‫و‪..{:‬‬

‫أ‪#‬ـ‪ ..‬أ‪..‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪116‬‬

‫–‬


â&#x20AC;«Ø§&  )â&#x20AC;ª(85â&#x20AC;¬â&#x20AC;¬

â&#x20AC;«Ø¯Ø§ â&#x20AC;ª /â&#x20AC;¬Ø±â&#x20AC;¬ â&#x20AC;«â&#x20AC;ª -63 -0â&#x20AC;¬Ù&#x2C6;Ù&#x2030;â&#x20AC;¬

â&#x20AC;«â&#x20AC;ª -â&#x20AC;¬Ù&#x2C6;â&#x20AC;ª/Dâ&#x20AC;¬Ù&#x2030; د *& â&#x20AC;ª:4& câ&#x20AC;¬â&#x20AC;¬

â&#x20AC;«â&#x20AC;ª C(((() ..Alâ&#x20AC;¬Ø¥((((â&#x20AC;ª Fâ&#x20AC;¬Ø±Ø£((((â&#x20AC;ª (((( dâ&#x20AC;¬Ø£â&#x20AC;ª(((($ ((((6â&#x20AC;¬Ù&#x2C6;زâ&#x20AC;¬

â&#x20AC;«Ù&#x2C6; Ù&#x2030;â&#x20AC;ª:â&#x20AC;¬â&#x20AC;¬

â&#x20AC;«Ø§â&#x20AC;ªVâ&#x20AC;¬Ø¢& &â&#x20AC;ª &$â&#x20AC;¬Ø¯â&#x20AC;ª.. &Hâ&#x20AC;¬â&#x20AC;¬ â&#x20AC;«â&#x20AC;ª#$% -â&#x20AC;¬â&#x20AC;¬

â&#x20AC;«â&#x20AC;ª117â&#x20AC;¬â&#x20AC;¬

â&#x20AC;«â&#x20AC;&#x201C;â&#x20AC;¬


‫ا&  )‪(86‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫رآ( ا‪.H‬ن ‪ -R‬وء‬

‫‪ -‬و‪.‬ء ‪:‬د ‪..…` .‬‬

‫((( ‪ R(((D‬ا‪ a.(((1: (((* R(((6‬ا((( ه(((‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫‪..d‬‬ ‫ص‪.‬و ى‪ :‬ه‪  1:‬إ‪ 1 F‬؟‬ ‫*‪ a‬أ‪ 6‬ا ه‪..d $‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫ص‪.‬و ى‪ :‬أ*ل * ‪ 1‬؟‬ ‫ ‪ Qn((((j:‬ه* (((( و‪((((. /((((H‬ض‬‫`>=‪..‬‬

‫‪ $ E‬د*` د‪H6 a* &H‬ك‪..‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪118‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(87‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫‪ -63 -0‬وى‬

‫‪ -‬و‪/D‬ى د ‪:2,‬‬

‫وأ‪ R(( (( d((&6 R((D ((6‬ا‪ ((&6‬؟ *((‪a‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ا‪ &6‬ا ‪D &H‬آ&& ‪..‬‬ ‫  ((( ( ‪ -‬ا‪c(((((s6‬ق ا‪(((((* Q(((((n‬‬‫‪..((((((&s* B((((((Š. ((((((=&6‬‬ ‫"و‪4‬د أن ^‪ (6: 4‬آ‪E(2‬‬ ‫*& & ‪..‬‬

‫‪ R$(((W (((1‬ا‪V‬آ&(((؟‪ ..‬أ*(((ى إ((( ‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ا ‪ ..‬أق ‪ ` * 6‬ا‪V‬آ&‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪(((& (((X‬ول ا&(((ن &ا((( ‬‫‪..//,‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪119‬‬

‫–‬


โ€ซุง&  )โ€ช(88โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฑโ€ช /โ€ฌุฏุง โ€ฌ โ€ซุฃุฑโ€ช Y3โ€ฌุฃโ€ช Xโ€ฌุง&โ€ช WRโ€ฌุงโ€ช- 'Dโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ โ€ช -2Hโ€ฌุฅ( โ€ช (2โ€ฌุข^(ุฉ โ€ช(Vโ€ฌุณโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช((:โ€ฌู† ((ู‰ ูˆุงโ€ช*((4โ€ฌุง โ€ช%&((:โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช $โ€ฌุง โ€ชjโ€ฌู‡โ€ช %G& ? /โ€ฌุฃโ€ชF(6โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช C((((&4* (((($โ€ฌุฃ((((โ€ช ((((* /โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุงโ€ชLโ€ฌุฑโ€ช g(((,โ€ฌุง(((โ€ชBโ€ฌู‰ ^(((โ€ช/โ€ฌูˆ โ€ช ((($โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช F4(,โ€ฌุง&^( ูˆู‡( *= (โ€ชย(. dโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุฏูˆ(((โ€ช Fโ€ฌุฃ**(((โ€ช Fโ€ฌุฏูˆู† ุฃู† โ€ชE(((1โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ชย((,โ€ฌุก ((โ€ช Eโ€ฌุฅโ€ช/((^ F((6โ€ฌูˆ ุข โ€ช/((nโ€ฌุฑโ€ฌ โ€ซ)  *โ€ช..( 2โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ูˆุฃ**((โ€ช g(( Fโ€ฌุฑโ€ช E((Dโ€ฌุข^(( โ€ชย((.โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุง ((( )ุงโ€ช(((7Vโ€ฌู‰( โ€ช(((^Vโ€ฌุจโ€ฌ โ€ซูˆุง โ€ช 5((( cโ€ฌุง^โ€ช (((/โ€ฌูˆโ€ชA/((( (((.โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุฏูˆ((โ€ช Fโ€ฌูˆู‡(( &^((ุฏู„ ุง>((ุงุชโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช ((H ย((.โ€ฌูˆุฃ(( ูˆโ€ช(( . g1((Wโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ( ุง&((ู† ูˆุง ((โ€ช gโ€ฌุง((โ€ชBโ€ฌู‰โ€ฌ โ€ซ] โ€ช A1โ€ฌุฃู‰ ุง&ุช โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ*(( โ€ช((j:โ€ฌู (( ((โ€ช1โ€ฌุฏุฉ ุง^((โ€ช Fโ€ฌุง&((ู† ุฏโ€ช..Aโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&โ€ช:Iโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช4 7Dโ€ฌู† โ€ชj$โ€ฌู† ุง โ€ช*Uโ€ฌุฑ &โ€ช.. &$โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ูˆโ€ช 4โ€ฌุง โ€ช gโ€ฌุฏูˆู† ุฃู† &(โ€ชRโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุฅ((( ุง&(((ู† ุฃูˆ ุฅ( ( ุงโ€ชE(((Dโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ((โ€ช -((. A/(( /โ€ฌุง (( โ€ช(($ $โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุงโ€ช(((=Vโ€ฌุฒ  (((โ€ช R4โ€ฌุงโ€ช(((Vโ€ฌุณ โ€ช(((Xโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช -(((Gโ€ฌุง ((( โ€ช(((* (((=64* $โ€ฌุฉโ€ฌ โ€ซุฃ((ู‰โ€ช ..โ€ฌูˆโ€ช((1โ€ฌูˆุฏ ุงโ€ช =6โ€ฌุข((โ€ชย((. Fโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช120โ€ฌโ€ฌ


โ€ซุงโ€ช/โ€ฌูˆโ€ช..Fโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ช((((Dโ€ฌุณ ุง&((((ู† ((((ู† *((((ุฉโ€ฌโ€ซุฃู‰ ูˆ &  ู†โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ุงโ€ช E((((Dโ€ฌุงุงโ€ช ((((> g((((Hโ€ฌุฅ(((( โ€ฌโ€ซุง&((((((((ู† ูˆู‡(((((((( *&=((((((((โ€ชgโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซูˆ*โ€ช$โ€ฌุจ โ€ช(  & a1:โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุฃ*(((โ€ช Aโ€ฌูˆ (((โ€ช-(((. F(((  A/((( /โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุง (((( โ€ช ((((  $โ€ฌุง ((((โ€ช] gโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช A((((1โ€ฌุฃู‰ ุงู‡& ((((ู… ุฃูˆ ุง&((((ุชโ€ฌ โ€ซูˆ] &  โ€ช..F1โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช..lโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&โ€ช:Iโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุตโ€ช.โ€ฌูˆ ู‰โ€ช :โ€ฌุฃโ€ช 6โ€ฌู‡ู‚ โ€ช.. 6โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช -โ€ฌุงโ€ช EDโ€ฌุฏ = ุง &โ€ช?sโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ) =(((( ุง (((ุฑ โ€ชd((($ [((( d((($โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&โ€ช:Iโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง^ โ€ช1* 6/:โ€ฌูƒ  โ€ช..x,โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุตโ€ช.โ€ฌูˆ ู‰โ€ช4 :โ€ฌุฉ ุง โ€ช $โ€ฌุงโ€ช: . ,:โ€ฌุจ ุง<*ู…โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุง โ€ช d %โ€ฌุฒู‰ * ุฑโ€ช ( Rโ€ฌุฑูˆุญโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&โ€ช:Iโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง  & โ€ช..dW$โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ  ((& โ€ช -โ€ฌุงโ€ชc((s6] E((Dโ€ฌู‚ ุงโ€ชQ((nโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช -(((G.โ€ฌุง ((( โ€ช $โ€ฌูˆู‡((( &=(((โ€ช/โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช/=:โ€ฌุฉ ุงุฑโ€ช:โ€ฌุญโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ โ€ชcโ€ฌู… * ุงโ€ช R6โ€ฌุข  ุฑุจโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&โ€ช:Iโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช#$% -โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช121โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€“โ€ฌ


‫ا&  )‪(89‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫‪ -63 -0‬وى‬

‫ و‪/D‬ى ‪ /1‬أن و‪ -W‬ا ( ‪$‬‬‫‪(( ((.‬ك ‪ ((* F((/‬ا‪( j‬ة‬ ‫‪:c‬‬ ‫*= ً‬

‫‪ ..RD.‬وا &‪..‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ ‪ ((($ A(((>6 -((( (((X‬ا^(((‪E‬‬‫‪ C.‬و‪ F=D‬و‪:F. %‬‬

‫‪/(H {( d&H‬ا*‪ ..d‬ر‪ (&^H‬دى ‪..d(1‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫*((‪ a‬ه‪ ..((=2:‬ا((ق ‪((4‬ة ا ((‪$‬‬ ‫ا‪: . ,:‬ب ا<*م‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪& X‬ول ا&ن *&ا‪..H‬‬‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪122‬‬

‫–‬


โ€ซุง&  )โ€ช(90โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฏุง โ€ช /โ€ฌุฑโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช-63 Z NH' - Aโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ โ€ช(((((.` ย(((((. 5(((((D E(((((Dโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ*((ุฏุฑู† โ€ชL(( ((ยˆ* d((,โ€ฌุฑโ€ชg.โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุง โ€ช ..C(((((&4 ((((/4โ€ฌูˆุฃ**(((((โ€ชFโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช=Dโ€ฌุฒ ุง&ู† ู†โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ  (((((โ€ช(((((& A/((((( /โ€ฌูˆู„ ุง ((((( โ€ช$โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ (((( โ€ช (((($ -โ€ฌุง((((ุฑ โ€ช((((#โ€ฌุชโ€ฌ โ€ซูˆโ€ช/Dโ€ฌู‰โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุตโ€ช.โ€ฌูˆ ู‰โ€ช :โ€ฌุฃโ€ช 6โ€ฌู‡ู‚ โ€ช.. 6โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ โ€ช c.โ€ฌุฏ ุงโ€ช..EDโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ โ€ช- ((((  R ((((# ((((> (((( &.โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ โ€ช/1โ€ฌู‡ โ€ช#โ€ฌุช ูˆโ€ช/Dโ€ฌู‰ * & ุงโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุตโ€ช.โ€ฌูˆ ู‰โ€ช4 :โ€ฌุฉ ุง โ€ช $โ€ฌุงโ€ช: . ,:โ€ฌุจ ุง<*ู…โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ  ((( โ€ช(((&:โ€ฌูƒ ุงโ€ช*(((4โ€ฌุง โ€ชc(((Hโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ&>=(( ุฑโ€ช.โ€ฌู‡(( ุงโ€ช E((Dโ€ฌุง((โ€ชBโ€ฌู‰โ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ช ย. FUโ€ฌู‡โ€ช/โ€ฌูˆุกโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ)โ€ช Cโ€ฌุฃโ€ชยŠ dUโ€ฌุงู„ ุง ^โ€ช Cโ€ฌุฅโ€ชFโ€ฌุŸโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&โ€ช:Iโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช#$% -โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช123โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€“โ€ฌ


‫ا&  )‪(91‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫‪ -63 -0‬وى‬

‫‪ -‬و‪/D‬ى ‪ .‬ا&ن * &‪7‬ا‪:‬‬

‫‪ ..x((, (( ((^6 d((:D‬ه(( دى ‪(($‬وزة‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫Šال؟ ا‪ a$ a* R6‬واّ إ‪F‬؟‬ ‫ ‪ [s X‬ا‪7. Qn‬ة‪..‬‬‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪124‬‬

‫–‬


โ€ซุง&  )โ€ช(92โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฏุง โ€ช /โ€ฌุฑโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช - Aโ€ฌุง&'โ€ช-63 Z NHโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ุงโ€ช E((Dโ€ฌูˆโ€ช /((Hโ€ฌุง((&โ€ช[((` ((* 7โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุงโ€ช Q((((((nโ€ฌูˆู‡(((((( >(((((( ุฅ(((((( โ€ฌ โ€ซุง โ€ช %&:   ..$โ€ฌุงโ€ช*4โ€ฌุงโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช (((($โ€ฌุง โ€ชE((((^ ((((=> /=((((jโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ*โ€ช (((* (((&* (((jโ€ฌุง (((โ€ช..gโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซูˆุงโ€ช > EDโ€ฌุฅ(โ€ช(, ย(. Fโ€ฌูˆุฏโ€ฌ โ€ซ)* ุงุงโ€ช %Wโ€ฌุฅโ€ช F6โ€ฌุขู† โ€ช /Hโ€ฌุฃโ€ชA/($โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช&6cโ€ฌุฑ(โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ูˆ(((โ€ช E((( 1* (((D Fโ€ฌุข ((( โ€ฌโ€ซ((? >=(( ุฃโ€ช((H "(($" F((6โ€ฌุฑโ€ฌ โ€ซุง]โ€ช&6โ€ฌุฑ * โ€ช..E^Hโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช#$% -โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช125โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€“โ€ฌ


‫ا&  )‪(93‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫‪ - A‬ام ا‪ -6  -/‬وء‬

‫ و‪((((((((.‬ء ‪ -((((((((n ((((((((=:‬روب‬‫ا {‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪((  &((, -(( &&.‬دة  & ((*‬‫ =ء‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪G.‬ب ‪D‬س ا^ب‪..‬‬‫ ‪(((  g((H&.‬دة ‪ (($‬اآ(((‬‫ ‪1‬ن  Šه ا‪:j‬‬ ‫‪ -‬و‪.‬ء ‪ .‬ا‪2W‬اب‪..‬‬

‫*دة‪:‬‬

‫*؟‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫‪ $‬إذ‪ d6‬أ‪,‬ف *؟‬

‫ ‪((((n: ((((X‬ج * ((((‪((((  ..$‬‬‫‪ 5V‬ه *& ‪..‬‬

‫*دة‪:‬‬

‫* ‪..aU&:‬‬

‫‪  -‬دة ‪:> /1 d‬‬

‫*دة‪:‬‬

‫ا ؟ )‪ C‬وأ‪ & * 6‬إ‪F‬؟‬

‫ ‪/(((((^.‬أ ‪ -((((( (((((.‬ا ((((({‬‫*& & ‪..‬‬

‫‪l‬ه & ‪ .‬ا‪n‬ق ‪..FW -‬‬

‫*دة‪:‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪126‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(94‬‬

‫ر‪ /‬دا ‬

‫اور ا[=‪ -6  .‬وء‬

‫ و‪((((.‬ء ‪ %&((((:‬ا^((((ب "و‪U((((D:‬‬‫ (((Šاد (((‪) "d‬ا (((‪ /‬را‪( (((W‬‬ ‫ ((((((‪ F((((((/ (((((( E‬ه((((((‪/‬ا‬ ‫وو ‪.. 4‬‬

‫أ&‪..‬‬

‫‪].‬اد‪:‬‬

‫ ‪ F UD: ..‬و‪.‬ء‪..d^:&. ..‬‬‫ ‪ …(((((.‬ه((((( ذ(((((‪c((((( &* d‬‬‫ ‪j‬ا‪:F6‬‬

‫‪].‬اد‪:‬‬

‫ا‪ &6‬ا‪ :/:‬آ‪F A/‬؟‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫أ ‪/‬ا‪ ..‬أ‪(G: (* (` (* RD d#‬ب‬ ‫‪:‬ن‪..‬‬

‫‪ /=& -‬و‪ [s‬ا^ب ‪..FD‬‬

‫‪ (4 ..C(   ..‬أ‪ (6‬دا ( ‪ ..d(,‬أ‪(6‬‬

‫‪].‬اد‪:‬‬

‫ ‪ .. 6 . & d,‬أ&‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪ E/(((( ((((X‬و‪ -((((G‬أ ((((‪..F‬‬‫و‪UV.‬ة‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪(((((n‬ج * (((((‪/‬س *((((( ‪F(((((^D‬‬‫و‪..=&6 F=D‬‬

‫ ‪/^$‬ك‪..‬‬

‫‪].‬اد‪:‬‬

‫ ‪ $B(((:‬و‪(((.‬ء >(((‪ ..‬و‪(((=4‬‬‫ ‪ F* C : *1‬ا ‪/‬س‪..‬‬ ‫ا‪$ R6‬رف‪ ..‬أ‪ a^ * 6‬ا&=‪..//‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫ ^& (( ‪ ((l ((.‬و‪/(( /((H‬أ ‪F(($‬‬‫ا]&ء‪..‬‬ ‫‪-‬‬

‫‪].‬اد‪:‬‬

‫ ‪/^$‬ك‪..‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫‪ $‬إذ‪ d6‬د‪..H‬‬

‫ ‪:‬ف و‪.‬ء إ ا ‪..‬‬‫‪127‬‬


‫   ^‪/‬أ ‪Š.‬اد ‪ ($‬ا(ر ‪(.‬‬‫‪ -‬ا‪B‬اء‪..‬‬ ‫‪ gH&&. -‬و‪.‬ء ‪ R&: X‬إ‪..F‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫ا& * ‪..D a1:‬‬

‫‪].‬اد‪:‬‬

‫أ&‪ ..‬أ‪..  -H 6‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫ه‪ d(. . F‬دى؟ أ(^‪^( $‬ك‬ ‫‪ $‬را&‪ d‬وا‪ R6‬وّ ه‪) ..‬ش‪.‬‬ ‫ازاى )ش‪..‬‬

‫‪].‬اد‪:‬‬

‫ و‪((n‬ج ‪ (($‬ا((ر ‪F((&>.‬‬‫ ((‪ ((= /‬رز*(( أوراق *((‪..‬‬ ‫‪BU&.‬ه‪..‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫ ‪ FW‬ا& * ‪..a1:‬‬

‫‪].‬اد‪:‬‬

‫ا& ‪.. 6: F‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫‪..d =.‬‬

‫ و‪:‬ف إ أ‪.. $‬‬‫‪ -‬وه ‪ $ 7V‬أ‪..F6‬‬

‫أ&‪..‬‬

‫‪].‬اد‪:‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪128‬‬

‫‪-‬‬


‫ا&  )‪(95‬‬

‫ر‪ /‬دا ‬ ‫‪ - A‬ام ا‪ -6  -/‬وء‬

‫ " (((دة" و‪/((( /(((H‬أ ‪-((( (((.‬‬‫ا‪j‬اب‪..‬‬ ‫‪ E/: -‬و‪.‬ء ‪..= =U .‬‬

‫ه‪F‬؟ *؟‪..‬‬

‫*دة‪:‬‬

‫ ‪ R4 :‬و‪.‬ء و‪(=:‬ب ‪..(=1‬‬‫‪ d((((j.‬و=((((‪ C‬وا‪7= ((((H‬ه((((‬ ‫*‪..1‬‬

‫‪* ..  =.‬؟‬

‫*دة‪:‬‬

‫ ‪(: ] */$‬د‪(  ..‬ع ر‪(D‬‬‫ى ‪ $‬ا‪..FH& &. ..j‬‬

‫‪&&. -‬ب *‪ F‬و‪.‬ء ‪.. l .‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫ا& ‪..5‬‬

‫*دة‪:‬‬

‫ا& إ‪ F‬آ ن؟‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫أ‪ F#‬ه ن *( * &‪ (j‬ا ‪( 6(V‬‬ ‫‪.. $‬‬

‫*دة‪:‬‬

‫ه * د‪A‬؟‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫ا ‪ 4‬ا ‪..R:‬‬

‫*دة‪:‬‬

‫وإ‪ F‬ا ‪/$ F D‬ك؟‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫‪(( (( (($ C1((#‬ام‪ R((^. ..‬أ‪g((2$‬‬ ‫‪..F$‬‬ ‫ ((‪ ((4$ C1‬؟ )((‪ C‬دى و‪ =.‬ه((‪..‬‬

‫*دة‪:‬‬

‫‪ 4‬د‪D &H‬ى ‪$‬وز *‪ d‬إ‪F‬؟‬ ‫ (((ا اا‪ E(((D‬د‪ (((=) A‬و‪((($‬وزة‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫ا‪..F* {n:‬‬ ‫*دة‪:‬‬

‫)‪2: * C‬د‪. F‬را‪ & * ..‬إ‪F‬؟‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫ ‪((V* d((H‬ن و&((‪((2 F‬ة‪ ((^ ..‬‬ ‫‪129‬‬


‫ا)د‪ A‬ازاى؟‬ ‫*دة‪:‬‬

‫^ ‪. F$ \^6‬را‪..‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫‪ \^6‬و‪ E/:‬ا‪  . R6‬و‪ ..D‬و‪ (^:‬‬ ‫‪..G.‬‬

‫*دة‪:‬‬

‫‪ E 16 C) ..G. %#‬إ‪F‬؟‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫‪((,‬ف‪((` F((* ((n E(( a((* ..‬‬ ‫(( ا‪X R((=&6‬و‪7. ..F((:‬ه(([ و*(( =(( ‪a‬‬ ‫‪.. &6‬‬

‫*دة‪:‬‬

‫ازاى *‪V‬ن‪ ..‬وازاى `  ؟‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫ا‪ R(((6‬ا((( ه‪(((j$ 6/$((( :‬ن ‪{(((n6‬‬ ‫‪X $‬و‪..F:‬‬

‫*دة‪:‬‬

‫أ‪6‬؟‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫أ((‪ A‬ا‪(($ ..R(((6‬وزا‪ d((* (((s A‬وا‪R(((6‬‬ ‫ &‪ -./. .. 1./‬أآ‪(s A( A6 ..‬‬ ‫* ‪7‬ه[‪..‬‬

‫*دة‪:‬‬

‫وإ‪ F‬ا ه ‪ CV‬ا ‪V‬ن دا ‪ &6‬؟‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫أ‪ 6‬ه ‪ d$ F.$‬د‪.. &H‬‬

‫ و‪ /H‬ا‪(2n R.6‬ات ( ‬‫و‪ gH&: =4‬و‪1:‬د * &‪2‬دة‬

‫ (((‪(((4. ((($ 5‬ة‪ d((( ((( ..‬آ(((‪5‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫‪H‬ى‪ ..‬دا *‪V‬ن &(‪(2 F‬ة‪ ( ..‬‬ ‫ ((‪ ..d((G ((  d‬إذا ‪ ((=: d((W‬أ‪F((6‬‬ ‫ه ‪G‬ب ر ‪() $‬ل‪ ..‬إذا آ‪(j‬‬ ‫^((( ه(((‪ ..% /‬أ‪ d(((&H (((6‬أه(((‪ F‬و((( ‬ ‫ ‪..d‬‬ ‫ ‪((n: ((X‬ج ‪ (($‬ا((ر‪((  ..‬‬‫‪ g‬ه *‪/j‬وه ‪ .‬ذهل‪..‬‬

‫دى و‪ 1H‬إ‪ F‬ا =^^ دى؟‬

‫*دة‪:‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪130‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(96‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫‪ -0‬اور ا[=‪ -6  .‬وء‬

‫ ‪Š((.‬اد ‪ [((H (( ((.‬و`((…‪..‬‬‫‪ E&.‬و‪.‬ء‪..‬‬ ‫ =((( ] & (((م ‪(((&&.‬ب *(((‪F‬‬‫*& ‪ .‬ر‪..H‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫^^ ‪ ..‬ا‪ R6‬ا ه ‪ 6B:‬‬

‫‪].‬اد‪:‬‬

‫أ&‪..‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫ ا ‪ F.‬را‪(V* ED‬ن ه (ن *(‬ ‫ا &‪.. &j$ U=2* j‬‬

‫‪].‬اد‪:‬‬

‫ا‪..F&H‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫]  رو ‪: ..‬وح ‪ =.‬أوا‪ (26‬و‪ (^:‬‬ ‫‪..G.‬‬

‫‪].‬اد‪:‬‬

‫‪G.‬؟ أ&‪..‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫‪(,‬ف‪ ((4 * a((* ..‬ه(({ *((‪((` F‬‬ ‫(( ا‪X R((=&6‬و‪ F((:‬وآ((‪7. ..F((. E‬ه(([‬ ‫*= ‪.. &6 a‬‬

‫‪].‬اد‪:‬‬

‫وا‪ &6‬ا ه‪=$ n:‬؟‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫ا‪ R6‬آ ن ه‪.. 6/$ :‬‬

‫‪].‬اد‪:‬‬

‫أ‪6‬؟ أ&‪..‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫‪((($‬وزا‪ d(((* (((s A‬وا‪.. 1./(((& R(((6‬‬ ‫‪ -./((.‬أآ((‪ ..‬آ((‪ -./((& d.((j ((* E‬ه((‬ ‫((‪ -./‬أآ&(‪(( A((6 ..‬ة ‪5(( ((* ((s‬‬ ‫و‪7‬ه[‪..‬‬ ‫أ&‪ d$ d   ..‬ب *‪ d‬و]‬

‫‪].‬اد‪:‬‬

‫‪131‬‬


‫‪2‬ل *‪..D d‬‬ ‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫ه‪ F$ d.$‬د‪.. &H‬‬

‫‪].‬اد‪:‬‬

‫)*‪$B‬را( ه ه؟‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫‪.‬ق‪..‬‬

‫‪].‬اد‪:‬‬

‫ه ‪.‬ق وأ‪ 6‬ه؟‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫*‪((V‬ن ‪ ..d((H‬و*(((‪((H a‬درة ‪..F((($‬‬ ‫‪.. 1: 5 1* 1:‬‬

‫‪ . F^2: -‬أ‪ AV:‬ا ‪.‬‬

‫)ه*   ‪ (F‬أ&‪..‬‬

‫‪].‬اد‪:‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪132‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(97‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫=‪ -63 C‬وء‬

‫ و‪((.‬ء ‪ /1((:‬ا (( ((^&=‬‫‪Š.‬اد‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪2 /1 gH&:‬ات ‪5( =: X‬‬‫Šاد *‪B‬رة‪..‬‬

‫‪((4. (($‬ة ‪(($‬وزة أ‪d(( ((n: d((H‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫آ‪ ..5‬دا *‪V‬ن و&(‪(2 F‬ة‪ ..‬إذا‬ ‫‪ ^ dW F&.,‬ه‪ d G‬ر‪..‬‬ ‫‪].‬اد‪:‬‬

‫وإذا آ‪j‬؟‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫^ ه‪..% /‬‬

‫‪].‬اد‪:‬‬

‫أ*ل  ‪ E $‬إ‪ a* ^ F‬ه‪ E 1‬إ‪F‬؟‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫‪..5 1:‬‬

‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪133‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(98‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫‪ - A‬ام ا‪ -6  -/‬وء‬

‫ و‪((((((.‬ء ‪ ..E/((((((:‬و ((((((^&=‬‫‪Š.‬اد‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪  / V&.‬دة *‪..F64‬‬‫ ‪&.‬ا‪=D‬ن آ& ‪..EX‬‬‫  (( ‪((G‬ب ‪((D‬س ا^((ب‪..‬‬‫‪ &.‬ع و‪.‬ء ‪n:‬ج *=و‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪21.‬ن =ه ( ^‪.. =(G1‬‬‫وأر‪5(((6 (((. a1:(((: ((( =D‬‬ ‫ا>‪..‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪134‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(99‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫ب ‪ -63‬وء‬

‫ و‪.‬ء ‪ %&:‬ب ا‪..j‬‬‫ ‪ ((=>.‬ا‪/(( 1‬ة ‪c*(( ((=V‬‬‫"((^‪ "R‬و‪ (($‬آ&((‪ F‬ا^‪((H/‬‬ ‫ا‪)n‬ش‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪ UD:‬و‪.‬ء‪..‬‬‫ ‪^.‬م ‪ F:^,‬و‪..4W E/‬‬‫‪   -‬ه *‪..4^:‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫آ‪A/‬؟‪ ] ` * ..‬إ و] د&ر؟‬

‫ا& ة‪:‬‬

‫) ‪..  (: j 4G‬‬

‫ &‪ FV‬إ( `‪ (.‬ا(م ا ( ‬‫*^‪,‬ة‪ ..‬و‪ /H‬أج *( ‪F(^D‬‬ ‫ز‪((((j ((((DD‬ب *=((((‪((((X ..‬‬ ‫‪..dG‬‬

‫أ‪ /(($D ((6‬أ((^ع ا ((‪ F‬دى‪(( (( ..‬‬

‫ا& ة‪:‬‬

‫ة‪ ..‬د‪ 4‬ر‪.. D‬‬ ‫ وو‪.‬ء *‪$B* 4^:‬رة‪..‬‬‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪135‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(100‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫‪ - A‬ام ا‪ -6  -/‬وء‬

‫  دة و‪Š.‬اد *(زا] ‪(j1:‬ن‬‫و==  ^‪.. =G1‬‬ ‫ &(((((‪/‬ر‪H(((((  ..i‬ن ‪(((((>6‬ة‬‫‪.. =((((((G1 ((((((6 g((((((n‬‬ ‫‪>6 (((&&.‬ا‪U(((V. (((( =:‬ة ‪((((.‬‬ ‫‪ 56‬ا>‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪   &^.‬دة‪..‬‬‫ ‪Š(((((. $B(((((.‬اد‪(((((. ..‬ول أن‬‫‪..A//=& j4‬‬ ‫ ‪((  $B((.‬دة *(( ‪..F:((j4:‬‬‫و(((((ول (((((‪/‬ور‪ A‬أن ‪(((((j4‬‬ ‫&=‪..A//‬‬ ‫ ‪f((.‬ذا ((Šاد ‪ F((/ * -((G‬أ**((‪F‬‬‫‪ $‬ا&ا ‪7‬ة آ&=‪ //‬أ‪H‬ى‪..‬‬

‫ ‪ 5((6 ((.‬ا>(( ا&(( و‪-((W‬‬‫‪((((  ((((=.‬دة * ‪ F((((/‬أ**((((‪F‬‬ ‫ ‪ 5‬ا‪..2‬‬ ‫ ‪j1:‬ن ‪ 56 .‬وا‪./‬‬‫ ‪Š(((((((. -2(((((((.‬اد ا & (((((((*‬‫*‪$B‬رة &‪ g2‬ا‪V‬ى‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪((((  ((((n.‬دة *=((((را ‪ (((($‬‬‫ا  *و] أن ‪..j4‬‬ ‫ ‪(((=.‬ر ‪Š(((.‬اد ‪ ((($‬ا‪ (((4‬‬‫‪136‬‬


‫‪*  D‬و] أن ‪..j4‬‬ ‫  (( ‪>6 E((>:‬ا‪* (( =:‬آ((‪7‬ة‬‫‪  =G1 .‬آ& ‪..EX‬‬ ‫  (((‪ /((( /(((& : ..‬آ(((‪((( =* E‬‬‫‪ :‬ق * ‪/‬س ا’ ‪5(6 .‬‬ ‫ا>‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪ %^((((#U.‬آ((((‪/(((( * E‬س *‪((((4‬ن‬‫ا’((‪ ..‬وآ((‪((&* (( =* E‬ر‬ ‫أ‪ F6‬أ‪..*U* . %^#‬‬ ‫ ‪ ((( &^.‬ن ‪/(((=: (((.‬ة ار‪(((:‬ح‬‫وا‪/‬ة ‪ 56 .‬ا>‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪$B((((.‬ان *((((ن == ((((‬‫^‪ 56 .  =G1‬ا>‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪G.‬ب ‪D‬س ا&ن‪..‬‬‫‪Š. -.. -‬اد ا ‪. $‬را‪..‬‬

‫‪..l‬‬

‫‪].‬اد‪:‬‬

‫ص‪.‬و ى‪ :‬إ‪7 F‬وم ا *دام هق ‪A4 6‬‬

‫*‪1‬ك أه‪ F‬أ‪..dH‬‬

‫‪].‬اد‪:‬‬

‫ و‪ ((((21‬ا (((( ‪((((l ((((. $‬‬‫ دة‬ ‫‪  -‬دة  ‪ d‬ا ‪..$‬‬

‫‪..l‬‬

‫*دة‪:‬‬

‫ص‪.‬و ى‪ :‬أه‪ c‬أ‪(H‬ل ه(ق ‪ A(4 ( 6‬ا (‪$‬‬ ‫ا‪: . ,:‬ب ا<*م‪..‬‬ ‫أ‪] R(((6‬زم &(((&‪ (((* 4‬ا &‪ (((^ (((j‬‬

‫*دة‪:‬‬

‫‪$‬وز‪ ..A‬ا‪ EG:‬أه‪1* F‬ك‪.‬‬ ‫ ‪Š((((.‬اد ‪ B((((U‬ا (((( ‪((((Œ $‬‬‫ود *‪$B‬را‪..‬‬ ‫‪ E/:   -‬و‪.‬ء‪..‬‬

‫‪137‬‬


‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫–‬

‫ا&  )‪(101‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫‪ -63 -0‬وى‬

‫ و‪/((D‬ى *((‪B‬ه] ‪ (($ Qs((G‬‬‫ا‪..Qn‬‬

‫ه(( ا((س آ=(( د((‪ R‬ا &‪ ((j‬واّ (‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫إ((‪F‬؟ أ‪(($ ((6‬وز ‪((6‬س ‪((. ..H(($‬ه ‬ ‫ا‪ ..6/‬دى دى‪/ ..‬ى * ‪../‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪138‬‬

‫–‬


โ€ซุง&  )โ€ช(102โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฑโ€ช /โ€ฌุฏุง โ€ฌ โ€ซ 'โ€ช Z NHโ€ฌุฃโ€ช-63 T\1โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ โ€ช(((=Dโ€ฌุฒ ุง&(((ู† โ€ช ((($ &*(((#โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุง โ€ช..C&4โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ุง(((โ€ช7โ€ฌูˆุฌ "โ€ช ((( D "[(((.:โ€ฌุฅ((( โ€ฌโ€ซ*โ€ช # ย. F^&4โ€ฌุงโ€ช(4 =* (jโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช ย.โ€ฌุฏโ€ช :.โ€ฌุง  ุชโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ช (($โ€ฌุข^(( ุง]โ€ช ((&6โ€ฌุง ุงโ€ช((=Dโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุฒูˆโ€ช F(((&Dโ€ฌุงโ€ช ((( D ((( Vโ€ฌุฅ((( โ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช((Dโ€ฌุงุฑ โ€ช  =((Wโ€ฌุง((โ€ชBโ€ฌู‰ &โ€ช7*((sโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ*โ€ช ย.   =1โ€ฌุฑโ€ช^&* Hโ€ฌุฏโ€ช.โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ   ุงโ€ช7โ€ฌูˆุฌ *= (โ€ชF( $ ย(. dโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซูˆโ€ช ((((( C(((((H F(((((4โ€ฌุง(((((โ€ฌ โ€ซูˆุง(((((  ((((( *((((( โ€ชR(((((:โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช>6โ€ฌุฑโ€ช F((:โ€ฌูˆโ€ช(()" F((4โ€ฌุด" โ€ช(( $โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ชVโ€ฌู‰ โ€ช..Fโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช -2: -โ€ฌุงโ€ช7โ€ฌูˆโ€ช Dโ€ฌุง โ€ช..Rโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&^ูˆโ€ช:8โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช  &^ -โ€ฌุงโ€ช7โ€ฌูˆุฌโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&^ูˆุฌโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฅ ]ุฒู… โ€ช/ d^ 6โ€ฌูƒ โ€ช(j$โ€ฌู† โ€ช{(n:โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุงโ€ช Es((jโ€ฌุง(( โ€ช ((.โ€ฌุฅ((โ€ช/โ€ฌูƒ ุฏโ€ช E/((6 ..Aโ€ฌุฅ((โ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช&6โ€ฌุฌ โ€ช $โ€ฌุง&โ€ช7โ€ฌู†โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุฃโ€ชH( ( (((6โ€ฌู„ ุข(((โ€ช ((($ ..F(((W A/โ€ฌุงโ€ชE(((HLโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุฃ{ * ุงโ€ช Es(jโ€ฌุง &&(โ€ช Eโ€ฌุฏโ€ช ($ ..Aโ€ฌุง โ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช/6โ€ฌุฑ โ€ช -./6โ€ฌุฅโ€ชVโ€ฌุฑ ุงโ€ช jโ€ฌุง^โ€ช  ..%โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช F(((Dโ€ฌุฏุง ุฅโ€ช(((Vโ€ฌุฑ *(((โ€ช aโ€ฌู‡(((โ€ช ..โ€ฌูˆโ€ชC(((#โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุงโ€ช 1โ€ฌุฑุฉ *  โ€ช..aโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช139โ€ฌโ€ฌ


โ€ซ (((=_ ุงโ€ช g((((Gโ€ฌูˆู‡(((( &^((((โ€ช-โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุงโ€ช7โ€ฌูˆโ€ช/1 Dโ€ฌุง * ุงโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&โ€ช:$โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช $โ€ฌุฅุฐโ€ช..d6โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&^ูˆุฌโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุงโ€ช ..EG:โ€ฌุฏุง &โ€ช..,  dโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ  (((( ุข((((โ€ช 7โ€ฌุง((((โ€ช7โ€ฌูˆุฌ ุข โ€ชF((((:โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช7โ€ฌูˆโ€ช..Dโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง<โ€ชVโ€ฌุฑ   โ€ช( F(D   ..FDโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&^ูˆุฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช..$โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ช d(( = ((Xโ€ฌุง((โ€ช7โ€ฌูˆุฌ โ€ช ย((.โ€ฌุฏโ€ชA:((.โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ*โ€ช..5 = F 6 X/โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ชD&   =6 ^:โ€ฌุง โ€ช ($โ€ฌุง&โ€ช(7โ€ฌู†โ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&^ูˆุฌโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ*โ€ช -โ€ฌุฅู† ุง<ุฑู„  โ€ช * Fโ€ฌุง &โ€ช/โ€ฌุงุดโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ (ู† ุง&(ู† โ€ช -(..โ€ฌุง (( โ€ช$โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช(((# F(((:Uโ€ฌุช ูˆโ€ช/(((Dโ€ฌู‰ โ€ช ((($โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุงุฑโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุตโ€ช.โ€ฌูˆ ู‰โ€ช :โ€ฌุฃโ€ช 6โ€ฌู‡(ู‚ โ€ช A(4 ( 6โ€ฌุง (โ€ช $โ€ฌุงโ€ช(,:โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช: .โ€ฌุจ ุง<*ู…โ€ช.โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ* โ€ช:โ€ฌู‚  โ€ช * .. lโ€ฌู‡ ุง<ุฑ(ู„  (โ€ชFโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&^ูˆุฌโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ* ุง &โ€ช/โ€ฌุงุดโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช#$% -โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช140โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€“โ€ฌ


‫ا&  )‪(105‬‬

‫ر‪ /‬دا ‬ ‫‪ -63 -0‬وى‬

‫ "و‪/(((((D‬ى" (((((د ‪(((((. F((((($‬‬‫را‪..‬‬

‫>= ‪H %& * d$‬ى‪..‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪141‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(106‬‬

‫ر‪ /‬دا ‬ ‫‪ Z NH' - A‬أ‪T\1‬‬

‫‪ -‬ا‪7‬وج ‪..n .‬‬

‫‪ ((((((l‬أ(((( (‪ F2‬و`‪c‬و‪/(((((($ d((((((:‬ى‪..‬‬

‫ا&^وج‪:‬‬

‫‪ *# =& W‬و‪#H * =:/‬ه‪..‬‬ ‫* ‪ *# = G:‬ا‪ R6‬آ (ن ( ‪..(,‬‬ ‫و]  ((‪((V: ((* F‬ز‪a:‬؟ ا ؟ ‪ ((4‬ا‪R((6‬‬ ‫*  ‪..,‬‬ ‫  (( ا‪ [((s6‬ا‪((6 ((* Q((n‬‬‫و‪/D‬ى‪..‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪142‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(108‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫‪0‬ن اور ا[=‪ -6  .‬وء‬

‫ ا‪/(( 1‬ة و‪D (($ (($ /((H‬آ&((‬‫و‪/D‬ى‪. ..‬آ^‪ F‬ا[‪..‬‬

‫وا((‪ /‬أ‪/((.‬ي؟‪ (( ..‬و‪ ((1D‬أ ((آ ‪C(() ..‬‬

‫ا& ة‪:‬‬

‫و‪(((((.‬؟‪ ..‬وا‪/(((((. (((((j1‬اد ا((((( ‬ ‫آ&^&= ‪d‬؟‬ ‫ ‪ $ 1‬آرت و‪/D‬ى‪..‬‬‫ ‪  1‬ا^‪..H/‬‬‫ ‪((( (((X‬أ ر‪ ((((H‬ا&(((ن *((((‬‫ا‪((4‬رت و‪ =((j‬ا^‪((. ((H/‬‬ ‫ا‪ AV:‬ا&ن‪..‬‬ ‫ &((ول ا&((ن و‪ C((2‬ر‪((H‬‬‫و‪/D‬ى‪..‬‬

‫‪..Al‬‬

‫ا& ة‪:‬‬

‫ص‪.‬و ى‪..l :‬‬ ‫‪(( ((D‬ا وا‪ ((* ((6‬ا‪ ..a4&((D‬ا‪R((6‬‬

‫ا& ة‪:‬‬

‫‪ -((((* ((((,* %((((#‬ا ((((‪ R‬آ=*((((ن‬ ‫و &^=؟‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪143‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(109‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫‪ -63 -0‬وى‬

‫‪ -‬و‪/D‬ى ‪ .‬ا&ن *‪B‬ه]‪:‬‬

‫آ=*ن؟‪ ..‬آ=*ن *  ا ؟‪ ..‬أ‪ (6‬ه(‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫((ق ‪((4 5((6‬ة ا ((‪ $‬ا‪ ((. ((,:‬‬ ‫‪:‬ب ا<*م‪..‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪144‬‬

‫–‬


โ€ซุง&  )โ€ช(110โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฏุง โ€ช /โ€ฌุฑโ€ฌ โ€ซุง@ โ€ช -โ€ฌุง>โ€ช -6  .โ€ฌูˆุกโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ุงโ€ช/((( 1โ€ฌุฉ โ€ช 4(((Wโ€ฌุฑโ€ช(((:โ€ฌุญ โ€ชย(((.โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุง&ู†โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ^ ุง&^โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง& ุฉโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุตโ€ช.โ€ฌูˆ ู‰โ€ช :โ€ฌุง&^ โ€ช 1โ€ฌุฅโ€ชFโ€ฌุŸโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช 1โ€ฌุงโ€ช..:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง& ุฉโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุตโ€ช.โ€ฌูˆ ู‰โ€ช :โ€ฌุงโ€ช $ :โ€ฌุฅโ€ชFโ€ฌุŸโ€ฌ โ€ซุง((ุฌ ุงโ€ช d(( 6 R((6โ€ฌูˆ(( *((โ€ช ..dโ€ฌูˆุฃโ€ช((6โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง& ุฉโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ*โ€ช aโ€ฌู‡โ€ช d&Dโ€ฌูˆ] โ€ชc ..Dโ€ฌุตโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ช -((((G ((((Xโ€ฌุงโ€ช/(((( 1โ€ฌุฉ ุง (((( โ€ช$โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ*&=โ€ช/โ€ฌุง ูˆู‡ ^& โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ูˆ โ€ช/โ€ฌุฃ โ€ช..F c* - ย.โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช#$% -โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช145โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€“โ€ฌ


‫ا&  )‪(111‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫ا@ ‪ -‬ا‪ -6  /‬وء‬

‫ و‪((.‬ء ((  ((دة و‪Š((.‬اد و‪/((H‬‬‫‪U((((:‬زم ا ‪Š((((. B((((U&. g((((H‬اد‬ ‫ر‪ D‬إ `‪V* .‬ورة‪..‬‬ ‫   أ(ع  (دة آ( ‪^n‬ل‬‫‪..F c* - E 4‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪146‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(112‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫ا@ ‪ -‬ا‪ -6  -+1L‬وء‬

‫ و‪((.‬ء *(( إن أد((‪Š((. R‬اد إ(( ‬‫ا‪ ((((& ((((.s‬أ((((ع ‪Š((((.‬اد‬ ‫آ ‪^n‬ل ‪76 .‬ع *‪..F c‬‬

‫أ‪ ((6‬ف ‪..](( (( (( d((W$‬‬

‫‪].‬اد‪:‬‬

‫وإ] ‪ $‬و‪ $‬أ‪/$‬ا رب‪ ..‬ا&‪..‬‬ ‫ و‪ X . =4‬ار‪(^:‬ك ‪&:‬آ(‪F‬‬‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫‪X‬ا‪ ^^  6‬وهر‪..d1D‬‬

‫‪..D‬‬ ‫‪..X . =H&  -‬‬

‫‪].‬اد‪:‬‬

‫را ‪F‬؟‬

‫‪-‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫ا‪..F$ EH‬‬

‫‪ -‬و‪&:‬آ‪..$ * F‬‬

‫‪].‬اد‪:‬‬

‫أ&‪..‬‬

‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪147‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(113‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫ا@ ‪ -‬ا‪ -6  -/‬وء‬

‫  دة‪ ..‬و‪ E/:‬إ‪ F‬و‪.‬ء‪..‬‬‫ ‪B((V:‬ب إ((‪12((* ((H F‬‬‫‪/:‬ارى = &=‪..‬‬

‫^^‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫ ‪.‬د ‪/=: =$‬ا ‪ 5‬ا=‪(V‬‬‫ا‪..H‬‬ ‫‪ E 4&. -‬ه ‪ 5‬ا=‪..V‬‬

‫*دة‪:‬‬

‫^^& ‪..‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫‪ $‬إذ‪ d6‬د‪..H‬‬

‫ ‪((((((((&s.‬ظ‪ ..‬وه(((((((( ‪(((((((( :‬ع‬‫ر‪..FD‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪148‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(114‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫ا@ ‪ -‬ا>‪ -6  -.‬وء‬

‫ ا‪/((( 1‬ة ‪ ((((.‬آ*((((‪ E‬ا((((&‪/1‬اد‪A‬‬‫](((&^= و‪ E/(((:‬ه((( إ(((‪F‬‬ ‫]ه * ا(ة وا]ر‪(^:‬ك‪..‬‬ ‫و‪ E((^H ((=4‬أن ‪((&:‬رط ‪((=:‬ب‬ ‫‪/$‬ة‪..‬‬

‫‪X‬ا‪ 6‬وه ر‪/ $  d1D‬ة‪..‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪149‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(115‬‬

‫ر‪ /‬دا ‬ ‫ا@ ‪ -‬ا‪ -6  -/‬وء‬

‫  دة و‪ - /H‬ا‪ ..6‬وو‪.‬ء‬‫‪UD&. F$ E/:‬‬ ‫‪=&. -‬ول إ ا‪n‬رج‪:‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫ا‪c R6‬ص؟‬

‫*دة‪:‬‬

‫أ‪H a* 6‬در ا& ‪..‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫)‪X C‬ا‪ 6‬و‪..dD‬‬

‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪150‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(116‬‬

‫ر‪ /‬دا ‬ ‫ا@ ‪ -‬ا‪ ] -+1L‬وء‬

‫ و‪((.‬ء ‪ E/((:‬إ(( ا‪/((V&. ((.s‬‬‫‪Š.‬اد ‪ .‬ا‪>&6‬ره( وه( ‪C(1‬‬ ‫"‪/‬ى"‪..‬‬ ‫ "و‪((.‬ء" ‪ -((&:‬ا & ((* ذ‪(($‬‬‫وار‪^:‬ك‪..‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫‪X‬ا‪ 5 6‬وه‪..dD‬‬

‫‪].‬اد‪:‬‬

‫‪(((X (((l‬ا‪ 6‬ا (((ادى‪ ..‬أ‪(((H a(((* (((6‬در‬ ‫ا& ‪..‬‬

‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪151‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(117‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫=‪ -63 C‬وء‬

‫ و‪(((((.‬ء ‪(((((. ((((( D ((((( ::‬‬‫*&((‪ g‬ا (( ((‪/6‬ة رأ((=‬ ‫ ((((((( آ=((((((( ‪((((((( (((((((.‬ة‬ ‫و‪.. & &* ..^$‬‬

‫)‪ C‬وا‪E‬؟‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪152‬‬

‫–‬


â&#x20AC;«Ø§&  )â&#x20AC;ª(118â&#x20AC;¬â&#x20AC;¬

â&#x20AC;«رâ&#x20AC;ª /â&#x20AC;¬Ø¯Ø§ â&#x20AC;¬ â&#x20AC;«â&#x20AC;ª -63 -0â&#x20AC;¬Ù&#x2C6;Ù&#x2030;â&#x20AC;¬

â&#x20AC;«â&#x20AC;ª -â&#x20AC;¬Ù&#x2C6;â&#x20AC;ª/Dâ&#x20AC;¬Ù&#x2030; * â&#x20AC;ª 4â&#x20AC;¬Ø§&Ù&#x2020;â&#x20AC;ª..â&#x20AC;¬â&#x20AC;¬

â&#x20AC;« â&#x20AC;ª4â&#x20AC;¬Ø© ا â&#x20AC;ª $â&#x20AC;¬Ø§â&#x20AC;ª: . ,:â&#x20AC;¬Ø¨ ا<*Ù&#x2026;â&#x20AC;ª..â&#x20AC;¬â&#x20AC;¬

â&#x20AC;«Ù&#x2C6; Ù&#x2030;â&#x20AC;ª:â&#x20AC;¬â&#x20AC;¬

â&#x20AC;« â&#x20AC;ª((( (((Xâ&#x20AC;¬Ø²Ø¹ ا ((( â&#x20AC;ª..g(((1 $â&#x20AC;¬â&#x20AC;¬â&#x20AC;«â&#x20AC;ª(((.â&#x20AC;¬Ù&#x2020; ا&(((Ù&#x2020; â&#x20AC;ª ((($â&#x20AC;¬Ø§(((رâ&#x20AC;¬ â&#x20AC;«â&#x20AC;ª -..â&#x20AC;¬Ø§ â&#x20AC;ª $â&#x20AC;¬Ù&#x2C6;دâ&#x20AC;ª..â&#x20AC;¬â&#x20AC;¬

â&#x20AC;«â&#x20AC;ª..lâ&#x20AC;¬â&#x20AC;¬

â&#x20AC;«Ù&#x2C6; Ù&#x2030;â&#x20AC;¬ â&#x20AC;«â&#x20AC;ª#$% -â&#x20AC;¬â&#x20AC;¬

â&#x20AC;«â&#x20AC;ª153â&#x20AC;¬â&#x20AC;¬

â&#x20AC;«â&#x20AC;&#x201C;â&#x20AC;¬


‫ا&  )‪(119‬‬

‫ر‪ /‬دا ‬ ‫رآ( ا‪.H‬ن ‪ ].‬وء‬

‫ و‪((.‬ء ‪((. 5(( =: {((: ((.‬‬‫ا&ن‪..‬‬

‫أ‪ (( d((W$ ((. ((6‬و‪/((D‬ى‪.. .((# ..‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫‪ H‬أ‪ E $‬إ‪F‬؟‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪154‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(120‬‬

‫ر‪ /‬دا ‬ ‫‪ -63 -0‬وى‬

‫ و‪/((((D‬ى  (((( وه(((( * ((((‪d‬‬‫ا&ن‪:‬‬

‫‪ ((( 1:‬إ(((‪F‬؟ ه((( دى ‪((($‬وزة (((Šال؟‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ا‪(4 d( 6 H‬ة ا (‪ $‬ا‪ (. (,:‬‬ ‫‪:‬ب ا<*م‪..‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪155‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(121‬‬

‫ر‪ /‬دا ‬ ‫رآ( ا‪.H‬ن  ‪ -6‬وء‬

‫ ا‪/(( 1‬ة و‪ g(( ((= /((H‬و‪((.‬ء‬‫ ((((^= *(((( أ*((((م ا&((((ن‬ ‫وه آ &‪..s‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫و‪/D‬ى‬

‫ا& ة‪:‬‬

‫و‪/D‬ى؟‪  ..‬و‪ 1D‬أ آ ‪..‬‬

‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪156‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(122‬‬

‫ر‪ /‬دا ‬ ‫‪ -63 -0‬وى‬

‫ "و‪/(((D‬ى" ] (((‪7‬ال (((‪(((. x‬‬‫ا ‪..$‬‬

‫‪ ..l ..l‬ه * &دش ‪F‬؟‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ "و‪/(((((D‬ى" ‪ -(((((G‬ا ((((( ‪$‬‬‫*& &   ‪..F‬‬

‫ه(( ‪(( :‬ت *&(( واّ(( إ(((‪F‬؟ ‪ ((* ..‬أ‪(((6‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫‪ d&H‬اق أر‪..%‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪157‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(123‬‬

‫ر‪ /‬دا ‬ ‫‪ -63 -0‬وء‬

‫ و‪(((.‬ء ‪ (((> (((.‬ا((( (((‬‫أ‪((G‬ن ا‪/(( 1‬ة وه(( ‪((:‬ول‬ ‫ا&‪(G .F(* {n‬ب ‪(D‬س‬ ‫ا^((((((ب‪(((((( &. ..‬ع ‪((((((#‬‬ ‫إ‪6‬ذه‪..‬‬ ‫ و‪((.‬ء ‪((n:‬ج ((‪ $‬وا‪/(( 1‬ة‬‫‪& ..//, …` .‬ول ‪F&H/‬‬ ‫ا&‪/1‬ادا *& & ‪..‬‬

‫  ا أ‪$ 6‬رف إن و‪/(D‬ى د‪ A‬و‪F(&1D‬‬

‫ا& ة‪:‬‬

‫*‪ 1‬زى ا‪..R.7‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪158‬‬

‫–‬


โ€ซุง&  )โ€ช(124โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฑโ€ช /โ€ฌุฏุง โ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช -63 -0โ€ฌูˆุกโ€ฌ

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โ€ซโ€ช159โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€“โ€ฌ


‫ا&  )‪(125‬‬

‫ر‪ /‬دا ‬

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‫‪160‬‬

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‫ر‪ /‬دا ‬ ‫‪1 - A‬م وء ور ا‪/‬ى‬

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‫‪162‬‬

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‫ر‪ /‬دا ‬ ‫ب ‪ -63‬وء‬

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‫‪5‬‬

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‫‪163‬‬

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‫‪164‬‬

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‫‪166‬‬

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‫ا&  )‪(131‬‬

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‫‪167‬‬

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‫ا&  )‪(132‬‬

‫ر‪ /‬دا ‬ ‫‪ -63 -0‬وء‬

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‫‪168‬‬

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‫ر‪ /‬دا ‬ ‫‪ -63 -0‬وء‬

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‫‪170‬‬

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‫ا&  )‪(135‬‬

‫ر‪ /‬دا ‬ ‫‪ -63 -0‬وى‬

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‫‪171‬‬

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‫ا&  )‪(136‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫_م ‪ -63‬وء‬

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‫‪172‬‬

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‫ا&  )‪(137‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫‪1 - A‬م‬

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‫ا&أة‪:‬‬

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‫‪173‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(138‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫_م ‪ -63‬وء‬

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‫‪174‬‬

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‫ا&  )‪(139‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫‪ -63 -0‬وى‬

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‫‪175‬‬

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‫ا&  )‪(140‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫_م ‪ -63‬وء‬

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‫‪176‬‬

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‫دا ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫‪ -63 -0‬وى‬

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‫‪c‬ص إ‪F‬؟‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫)*&^آ( ‪c‬ص *‪ a‬هق ‪.. 6‬‬

‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪177‬‬

‫–‬


โ€ซุง&  )โ€ช(142โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฏุง โ€ช /โ€ฌุฑโ€ฌ โ€ซ_ู… โ€ช -63โ€ฌูˆุกโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช -โ€ฌูˆโ€ช.โ€ฌุก ูˆโ€ช..RยˆD. /Hโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง(((({ โ€ช (((( d(((($โ€ฌูˆโ€ช/((((Dโ€ฌู‰โ€ช ..โ€ฌุฃโ€ช ((((. ((((6โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆโ€ช.โ€ฌุกโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช ..dW$โ€ฌุฏุง ุฃโ€ช R6โ€ฌุงโ€ช E*Lโ€ฌุงโ€ช /โ€ฌุง( ู‡(โ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช.. 6Bโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุตโ€ช .โ€ฌูˆ ู‰โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฃ*โ€ชEโ€ฌุŸโ€ช ..โ€ฌุฃ*โ€ช . Eโ€ฌุฅโ€ชFโ€ฌุŸโ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆโ€ช.โ€ฌุกโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช .โ€ฌุฅู† ุฅ โ€ช . _1 566โ€ฌุงโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช#$% -โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช178โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€“โ€ฌ


‫ا&  )‪(143‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫‪ -63 -0‬وى‬

‫‪ -‬و‪/D‬ى ‪^:‬ق ‪..A$‬‬

‫‪_((1 56((6‬؟‪C((() (4((G&* ((X) ..‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫وا ‪ A‬ا‪ 4‬دى‪..‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪179‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(144‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫_م ‪ -63‬وء‬

‫‪ -‬و‪.‬ء *^&  ‪..F&4G‬‬

‫‪c‬ص * &ك د‪  &H‬و‪/D‬ى‪.....‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪180‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(145‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫‪ -63 -0‬وى‬

‫ و‪/D‬ى و‪(> =^&* D. /H‬‬‫أ‪..=* ^1 =6‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫‪16 16 16 16‬؟‪ ..‬ر‪ 6: 1D‬؟‬

‫ص‪.‬و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫إ‪ F‬ا ر‪F 1D‬؟‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫*‪ a‬ه‪V:‬زك ‪ 1‬‬

‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪181‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(146‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫_م ‪ -63‬وء‬

‫‪ -‬و‪.‬ء ‪..>` x:‬‬

‫(( و‪/((D‬ى‪ ..‬أ‪((V&: a4&((H ((* ((6‬ز‪.. 6‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‬

‫ ((‪ 5‬ا‪ (($/V‬إن ا‪ R((6‬ا(( *‪((j1D:‬‬ ‫‪ .‬آ‪..d*c‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪182‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(147‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫‪ -63 -0‬وى‬

‫‪ -‬و‪/D‬ى *&^آ ‪UV.‬ة‪..‬‬

‫* ه أ‪ g( (6‬ان أ‪ (6‬ا( أر‪ (. -(D‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫آ‪.. *c‬‬ ‫ص‪.‬و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫و ‪ (((( /((((1‬؟‪ ..‬ه‪ E(((( 16‬زى ا‪((((1‬ل‬ ‫ا((‪s‬؟‪ ..‬ه(( ‪((:‬ق واّ(( *((‪ a‬ه((‬ ‫‪:‬ق؟‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫)*زال *&^آ( هق‪..‬‬

‫ص‪.‬و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫وأ‪>&* 6‬اك‪..‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫)*زال *&^آ( )‪..C‬‬

‫ ‪ -G‬و‪/(D‬ى ا ( ‪(4 ..$‬‬‫>‪..‬‬ ‫‪/^: -‬و ‪ F$‬ة ا^Šس‪..‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫‪  =* 1‬و*= و‪56‬؟‬

‫‪  . -‬أ*‪..A‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ ‪..‬‬

‫ و‪ /H‬أع‪..‬‬‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪183‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(148‬‬

‫‪ /‬دا ‬ ‫‪ -63 -0‬وء‬

‫ و‪/((((D‬ى  (((( ‪ ((((.‬ا((((‬‫*^=(((ا ‪ (((j‬و‪(((.‬ء‪ ..‬و>(((‬ ‫‪ ((.‬ا& ه((ت ا ‪ (($ ((1‬‬ ‫ا‪..Q‬‬ ‫ ‪ (((=>:‬و‪(((.‬ء ‪ /(((1‬أن ار‪/(((:‬ت‬‫روب ‪/(((D d(((,‬ا و‪/((( (((.‬ه‬ ‫((‪V‬رة‪ ..‬و‪ E((: */(($‬إ(( ‬ ‫و‪/D‬ى ‪ $ R :‬آ&‪..F‬‬ ‫ &_ و‪/(D‬ى ‪ (> (X‬إ=(‬‫*(((‪ 12‬ا & (((* وآ‪((( F(((6U‬‬ ‫‪/‬ث ‪ , F‬ء‪..‬‬

‫‪V‬رة‪..‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫‪/:‬رى ‪  =:‬ه‪F d 6 H:‬؟‬

‫ و‪ E((^H‬أن ‪V(( ((=* B((U‬رة‬‫‪ ((=ˆD‬و‪/((D‬ى آ(( [ ‪((.‬‬ ‫‪...c#‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ ‪f.‬ذا ‪(.‬ء ] ‪(:‬د ‪Q(. ..F($‬‬‫‪ ((>: E((>:‬إ((‪-*/((: ((& ..F‬‬ ‫‪$‬ه * ا ‪61‬ة‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪ E .‬و‪/D‬ى ‪(> =$‬ة أ(‬‫و‪7‬ن ‪ $ R  X‬آ&=‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪ ./(((((&.‬و‪(((((.‬ء و‪(((((. (((((==D‬‬‫‪/#‬ر‪ . [2: X ..A‬ا^‪4‬ء‪..‬‬ ‫ &‪ (((=*U‬و‪/(((D‬ى >((( وه((( ‬‫‪.. 4^:‬‬ ‫‪184‬‬


‫ ‪UV. X‬ة‪ [2 ..‬ه أ‪(. (G‬‬‫ا^‪4‬ء‪..‬‬ ‫ و((‪ R(( : A/‬آ(( *‪((464‬‬‫‪ $‬آ&‪ g‬و‪.‬ء‪..‬‬ ‫ &(( ‪ R4(( :‬ه(( ‪ (($‬ا^‪((4‬ء‬‫‪ =$ -.&.‬إ ‪ F($‬وه( ‬ ‫‪..F=:‬‬ ‫ ‪ ((=$ ((. F((1 ((>.‬و‪/((H‬‬‫(((‪ ((($ R&4‬ا^‪(((4‬ء‪5 =(((. ..‬‬ ‫*^=را‪..‬‬

‫(( ‪((=6‬رك أ((د‪ (( ((4$ ..‬وه((‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫‪d 6 H:‬؟‪.. :=  ..‬‬ ‫ و‪4 . a=D /H‬ء ‪.. l‬‬‫ ‪ a=V&.‬ه ا‪L‬ى آ‪..‬‬‫‪ R4 & -‬ه *==‪..‬‬

‫)*== (( (( *((‪(( a‬ام وا((‪/‬ة ز((‪d‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫‪:‬ق ‪= 6‬؟‬ ‫)*==(((( ((( ‪(((1:‬ف (((‪ F‬أ‪ (((6‬ه(((ق‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫‪.. 6‬‬ ‫ ‪ R(((((((((&.‬إ=((((((((( و‪/(((((((((D‬ى‬‫ و*‪//,  6‬ة‪..‬‬

‫ا ^ ان أ‪. 6‬ه ‪ F‬ا‪ (&6‬ه(‪H:‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫‪..d 6‬‬ ‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫) =( ‪.‬ه إ‪F‬؟‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫) &‪ E1‬وه(‪/‬وء( آ‪(s Q(` 4( R(6‬‬ ‫* ا‪ .. &67:‬ا‪..d&H. 67‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫) ‪.. ^^  (C‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫^^ ؟ )‪#‬ر(  =‪.. :‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫)*‪  F d:= (j‬و‪/D‬ى؟‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫أ‪ =#‬آ  ة‪ $ ..‬ى *  ‪..=&1‬‬

‫‪185‬‬


‫‪  &^:‬و‪.‬ء ‪..=&4W &4: X‬‬ ‫‪ (((( &^.‬و‪/((((D‬ى أ‪ ((((G‬وه((((‬ ‫ &‪2‬د ‪..H‬‬

‫‪:‬رى إ‪ (&H (  (` a4&^(* 6‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ه ‪..d 6 H:‬‬ ‫) ] & (((*( ‪ (((4‬أ‪ (((* d(((&^ (((6‬أول‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫> ‪ d6L‬آ‪$ R‬وز ‪ {n:‬و‪/:‬ه‬ ‫*(((( ‪((((#H‬ه‪ ..‬أ‪ ((((6‬أ((((‪ C‬اا‪E((((D‬‬ ‫ا‪Vj‬ع‪..‬‬ ‫)*&=((((‪/‬ا( ‪ ((((1‬ا‪((((^ ((((&* ((((:‬ا‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ ‪.._1‬‬ ‫ ‪ ?^n  &^.‬ئ وه( ‪E( :‬‬‫‪..F$‬‬

‫)((‪ C‬إ((‪ F‬رأ((‪ (( d‬ر‪ ((. ((1D‬آ‪((*c‬؟‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫‪ 4&:‬ه‪_1 C6 EG6‬؟‬ ‫ ‪ 7=.‬و‪/D‬ى رأ(‪(. ( F‬‬‫ ‪U‬س‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪ &(( &.‬و‪((.‬ء أ((= ‪ (($‬‬‫‪/#‬ر‪/=&* A‬ة ‪, .‬ود‪..‬‬

‫‪/(($‬ك (([‪ ..‬و‪/((D‬ى‪ ..‬إ(( ا(( ]زم‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫‪ (((G6‬أ‪((( ..(((: (((. ((( (((>$‬‬ ‫اداع ا‪L‬ة * ‪..6 $‬‬ ‫ ‪ =((((((((G.‬و‪/((((((((D‬ى ‪F(((((((($‬‬‫*‪$B‬را‪..‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫‪ E 16‬إ‪ 1 F‬؟‬

‫‪  &^&. -‬و‪.‬ء‪..‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫* ‪ aGn&:‬آ‪ ..A/‬ا ‪ d .‬د‪a(* A‬‬

‫‪^&* F 6 . -‬آ‪..‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫و* ‪F a‬؟‬

‫‪ dG&. -‬و‪.‬ء ‪..Hc2‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫ا‪ d(( 6 R(( 6 R((6‬وا] إ((‪F‬؟ و‪/((D‬ى دا‬

‫ه‪..E‬‬

‫ا‪((:‬ق ا‪ A((:‬و]  ‪ ..F((. -((D6 ((4‬أ‪((6‬‬ ‫‪ d&H‬آ ( ‪(,‬ف و‪( ..(= d:/($‬ق‬

‫‪186‬‬


â&#x20AC;«â&#x20AC;ª 1â&#x20AC;¬Ù&#x201A;â&#x20AC;ª..â&#x20AC;¬â&#x20AC;¬ â&#x20AC;«â&#x20AC;ª..  & * E 4. -â&#x20AC;¬â&#x20AC;¬

â&#x20AC;«Ù&#x2C6; Ù&#x2030;â&#x20AC;ª:â&#x20AC;¬â&#x20AC;¬

â&#x20AC;«)^â&#x20AC;ª^&*) 1â&#x20AC;¬Ø¢( Ù&#x201A; â&#x20AC;ª 1â&#x20AC;¬Ù&#x201A;â&#x20AC;ª..â&#x20AC;¬â&#x20AC;¬

â&#x20AC;«Ù&#x2C6;â&#x20AC;ª.â&#x20AC;¬Ø¡â&#x20AC;ª:â&#x20AC;¬â&#x20AC;¬

â&#x20AC;«) â&#x20AC;ª (2â&#x20AC;¬Ø¯Ù&#x2030; دÙ&#x2030;â&#x20AC;ª, ..â&#x20AC;¬Ù&#x201E; Ù&#x2C6;(â&#x20AC;ª Qâ&#x20AC;¬Ø¢(â&#x20AC;ªFâ&#x20AC;¬â&#x20AC;¬ â&#x20AC;«â&#x20AC;ªl $â&#x20AC;¬Ø¯Ù&#x2030;â&#x20AC;ª..â&#x20AC;¬â&#x20AC;¬

â&#x20AC;« Ù&#x2C6;â&#x20AC;ª /((Hâ&#x20AC;¬Ø£* ((â&#x20AC;ª R4â&#x20AC;¬Ø§ (( â&#x20AC;ªC((2: $â&#x20AC;¬â&#x20AC;¬â&#x20AC;«Ø±â&#x20AC;ª .. Hâ&#x20AC;¬Ù&#x2C6;Ù&#x2021;( >( Ø¥=( Ø¢â&#x20AC;ª( :â&#x20AC;¬â&#x20AC;¬ â&#x20AC;«`>((((((((â&#x20AC;ª/ Fâ&#x20AC;¬Ø§((((((((â&#x20AC;ª ..Fâ&#x20AC;¬Ù&#x2C6;Ù&#x2021;(((((((( â&#x20AC;¬ â&#x20AC;«*^& â&#x20AC;ª..â&#x20AC;¬â&#x20AC;¬ â&#x20AC;«â&#x20AC;ª#$% -â&#x20AC;¬â&#x20AC;¬

â&#x20AC;«â&#x20AC;ª187â&#x20AC;¬â&#x20AC;¬

â&#x20AC;«â&#x20AC;&#x201C;â&#x20AC;¬


โ€ซุง&  )โ€ช(149โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฏุง โ€ช /โ€ฌุฑโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช -0โ€ฌุฑ=โ€ช Cโ€ฌู‡= โ€ฌ

โ€ซ โ€ช -2Hโ€ฌุฅ โ€ชDโ€ฌุณ ุง&(ู† (ู†โ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช ย.โ€ฌุฑุข ุง( ุง โ€ช(#โ€ฌุตโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช/($ =.โ€ฌุฏ ุข^( *( โ€ช:โ€ฌุง (โ€ช7โ€ฌุงุชโ€ฌ โ€ซุง(((( ุง=โ€ช .. ((((/โ€ฌูˆุง((((โ€ฌ โ€ซ ุฅ] * ุง =(โ€ช/โ€ฌุณ ุงโ€ช(jโ€ฌุจโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช ((( Dโ€ฌุฃ*(((ู… โ€ช:โ€ฌุง (((โ€ช7โ€ฌุฉ ุง(((โ€ฌ โ€ซุง=โ€ช ย((. ((/โ€ฌุง((ุข ุง(( โ€ฌ โ€ซ* ุง โ€ช,โ€ฌุฑุฏุง โ€ช61* ย.โ€ฌุฉโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ูˆโ€ช (((.โ€ฌุง(((ุข ุง^โ€ช /(((1โ€ฌุง  (((โ€ชEโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช F(((((&^2 ((((( Dโ€ฌุง =โ€ช(((((/โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุงโ€ช 5((  ((jโ€ฌูˆโ€ช -((Wโ€ฌุงโ€ช((jโ€ฌูˆุฏโ€ฌ โ€ซูˆุง โ€ช61โ€ฌุฉโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ูˆโ€ชDโ€ฌุณ ุง&ู† ู†โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ &((((( (((((=_ ู‡((((( โ€ช (((((2nโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ*&ยโ€ช -. X Hโ€ฌุง โ€ช $โ€ฌูˆุฏโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช..EHย: ย.โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช* ..lโ€ฌุŸโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&=ุจโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช#$% -โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช188โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€“โ€ฌ


‫ا&  )‪(150‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫‪ -63 -0‬وء‬

‫ و‪/(((D‬ى ‪ &*(((# C(((H‬و‪(((.‬ء‬‫وه(((((( ‪((((((:‬د ‪ ((((((.‬ا&((((((ن‬ ‫و‪>6‬ا‪* (((((((=:‬آ(((((((‪7‬ة ‪ ((((((($‬‬ ‫و‪/D‬ى‪..‬‬

‫إ ه‪6‬ق ‪.. 6‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪189‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(151‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫‪ -0‬ا =‪ C‬ا‪ =a‬‬

‫ ^(((((‪/‬و ‪ ((((($‬و‪ F(((((D‬ا‪(((((j‬ب‬‫ا]ه& (((((م ا (((((‪ D‬ا‪Q(((((n‬‬ ‫ ’ ا‪.../‬‬ ‫ و ‪( R (# (> /1‬د ‪ ($‬‬‫و‪.‬ء =‪ V‬ر‪D‬ء‪..‬‬

‫ا&=ب‪:‬‬

‫أر‪D‬آ ‪ :‬ا‪c4‬م د‪.. &^2n A‬‬

‫ص‪.‬و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫ا‪ 1 ,‬؟‬

‫ا&=ب‪:‬‬

‫‪j$‬ن ‪U =1:‬ن *‪ a‬إ ‪..5‬‬

‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪190‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(152‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫‪ -63 -0‬وء‬

‫ ‪(((((&.‬د و‪(((((.‬ء دون أن ‪-(((((.:‬‬‫‪ $ =$‬و‪/D‬ى‪..‬‬

‫إ‪&6‬ا إ‪F‬؟‪ ..‬ه‪H:‬ا ‪4 6‬؟‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫ص‪.‬ا&=ب‪64. * F  :‬ش ‪ .‬ا‪ 4‬دى؟‬ ‫)‪ C‬إد= ‪..‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪191‬‬

‫–‬


โ€ซุง&  )โ€ช(153โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฏุง โ€ช /โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช -0โ€ฌุง =โ€ช Cโ€ฌุงโ€ช =aโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ุง =(((((((โ€ช/โ€ฌุณ ุงโ€ช(((((((jโ€ฌุจ  (((((((โ€ชEโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุง&(((((ู† ูˆ&โ€ช F((((( F(((((Vโ€ฌุฅ((((( โ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช B((((U: ?(((( ..F((((&^2โ€ฌู‡(((( โ€ฌ โ€ซุง โ€ช : ย. $โ€ฌุคู„ ูˆโ€ช/$โ€ฌู… โ€ช(=.โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช/&: Xโ€ฌุซ ุฅ ุง&ู†โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&โ€ช#Jโ€ฌุฉโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช..lโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุตโ€ช.โ€ฌูˆโ€ช.โ€ฌุกโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

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โ€ซ โ€ช((: c((.โ€ฌุฏ โ€ช ..((=$โ€ฌูˆุฅโ€ช(( (( 6โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุงย’ ูˆุง& ุคู„ โ€ช ($โ€ฌูˆโ€ช(==Dโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซูˆู‡(( โ€ช((^:โ€ฌุฏู„ ุง>((ุฉ โ€ช((=^2nโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุฏูˆู† ุฃู† โ€ช:โ€ฌุฏ โ€ช ย$โ€ฌุง&ู†โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ & โ€ช(# (=:Uโ€ฌุช ูˆโ€ช(.โ€ฌุก *(ุฉโ€ฌโ€ซุฃู‰โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุตโ€ช.โ€ฌูˆโ€ช.โ€ฌุกโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ูˆโ€ช ((=4โ€ฌุฃโ€ช((: ] ((Gโ€ฌุฏโ€ช ..โ€ฌูˆุฅโ€ช(( 6โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช&:โ€ฌุง(( ((โ€ช/โ€ฌู‡  (( โ€ช ((& $โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช [((((s. =1((((G:โ€ฌุงโ€ช Q((((nโ€ฌูˆโ€ช/((((Hโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุฏโ€ช R(((.โ€ฌุฑุฃ(((= ((( ุฐุฑุงโ€ช(((=$โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช: $โ€ฌุง โ€ช7โ€ฌุฉ ุงโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ช((((((&.โ€ฌุจ *=(((((( ู‡(((((( >((((((ุงุชโ€ฌโ€ซุง&โ€ช1, $ R  g)1โ€ฌู‡ &( โ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช -.:โ€ฌุฅโ€ช =6$ Fโ€ฌุง โ€ช..1*/โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ โ€ช&.โ€ฌุฑ (((((((((((ู† โ€ช((((((((((( H ย(((((((((((.โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุงูˆ*โ€ช..^H & .. 6โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช192โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฃู‰ ุง& ุฑ  *โ€ช*/โ€ฌุฒโ€ชEโ€ฌุŸโ€ฌ


#$% -

193


‫ا&  )‪(154‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬‬ ‫‪ -63 -0‬وء‬

‫ و‪(((.‬ء و‪(((^H -(((^2: R(((* /(((H‬‬‫)((( ‪ (((^D ((($‬و‪/(((D‬ى‪..‬‬ ‫   أ^‪ E‬ه ‪ F$‬آ م‬ ‫ &((((( ‪ -(((((.:‬و‪((((($ (((((==D‬‬‫‪((^&. ..F((^D‬ق ‪ ((HU A(($‬‬ ‫ا‪ :‬ع ه*  آ ‪$B‬ر‪..‬‬

‫‪&&. -‬آ‪ F‬و‪.‬ء ‪..4W‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫إ‪ F‬د‪A‬؟‬

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‫)*^& ( دى ‪..ˆ F^H‬‬

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‫دى ˆ دى؟‬

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‫‪ $‬إذ‪ d6‬ه^‪j$ 5‬ن ‪n6‬ج‬

‫ ‪> ((=1 &.‬ا‪E/((: ((& F((:‬‬‫إ(( ا‪ ./(( ((  ((.s‬رأ((‪F‬‬ ‫  آ‪ &* F‬ا‪..‬‬

‫ه(( ا^((اءة دى *(( ‪ ((` a((V:‬وأ‪((6‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ (((ودع؟‪ (((* ..‬أ‪ R(((G. (((6‬أدور ‪ ((($‬‬ ‫ا^(((((اءة دى ‪ E(((((^H‬آ(((((‪(((((=&* A/‬ش‪..‬‬ ‫)*&^آ(((( *((( ه((( *(((‪(((1* a‬ل آ (((ن‬ ‫اا(((‪ (((. -(((D /‬آ‪ ..F(((*c‬ه((( آ(((‪c‬م‬ ‫‪$‬ل واّ إ‪F‬؟‬ ‫ ‪((((((G‬ب ‪((((((D‬س ا&((((((ن‬‫أ**‪..F‬‬ ‫‪&. -‬د‪ F‬و‪.‬ء * ا‪/‬ا‪..E‬‬

‫رد ‪ $‬ا&ن  و‪/D‬ى‪..‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫ ‪ -..‬و‪/D‬ى ا ‪ $‬ود‪..‬‬‫‪..l‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫‪# F:U. -‬ت ‪,‬ب‪..‬‬

‫ص‪.‬ا&=ب‪ :‬أ‪ 6‬هق ‪.. 6‬‬ ‫‪194‬‬


‫ )*‪U(((((D‬ة( (((((‪ [1‬و‪/(((((D‬ى‬‫*& ‪..c‬‬ ‫‪ F:U. -‬ات *Šآ‪ً/‬ا‬

‫‪!16‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ص‪.‬ا&=ب‪ :‬هق ‪ 6‬‬ ‫ا‪* R6‬؟‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ص‪.‬ا&=ب‪..=* a* :‬‬ ‫‪ 1‬إ‪F‬؟‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ص‪.‬ا&=ب‪ :‬أ‪ R((((6‬ه((((‪[((((: ((((1* %&:‬؟ ‪d((((&H‬‬ ‫هق ‪.. 6‬وا‪c4‬م د‪ A4 A‬ا (‪$‬‬ ‫ا‪: . ,:‬ب ا<*م‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪ [(s X‬ا‪U(V. Q(n‬ة‪-(G. ..‬‬‫و‪/((((D‬ى ا (((( ‪ $‬وه(((( ‪((((.‬‬ ‫ذه‪ F‬و‪/$‬م ‪g(H  F/:‬‬ ‫و‪ /(((H‬ار‪ ((($ ((( :‬ا‪ (((4‬‬ ‫‪ D‬؟‬

‫^ن *‪ s‬ا‪L‬ال‪* ..‬آ ‪/^6‬ل‪..‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ و‪/(:‬ور ا((‪ 6/‬أ(‪ ..F‬و‪A(($‬‬‫*^‪(((((((&H‬ن ] (((((((ى ‪ ((((((($‬‬ ‫ا&آ((‪ ((, ((. 7‬ء‪ E(( ..‬و((‬ ‫‪ 1((j /((1‬إن آ((ن *&((‪:‬ا أو‬ ‫* & أو ‪ H‬أو ‪...‬‬ ‫ وإذا ‪(((V‬س ا&(((ن ‪-(((2‬‬‫>&(((((‪-(((((. A/((((( /((((( . ..F‬‬ ‫ا ((( ‪ $‬إ((( إذ‪(((l (((. F(((6‬‬ ‫وه د‪..‬‬ ‫‪# F:U. -‬ت ‪..  6‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫‪..l‬‬

‫ص‪ .‬ة‪:‬‬

‫أ‪(( a((* ((6‬ه‪7‬ر (( أ((&ذ إذا *(( آ((&‪a‬‬ ‫*(((‪/‬ق ‪(((, (((1:‬ف ‪ A(((4‬ا (((‪$‬‬ ‫ا‪: . ,:‬ب ا<*م‪..‬‬ ‫*((‪ 5(( ..dH/‬أ‪(($ ((6‬وز أ((‪Š(( dU‬ال‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫‪195‬‬


โ€ซูˆุงโ€ช ../โ€ฌุงโ€ช 1 ,โ€ฌุง&โ€ช :โ€ฌุง โ€ช1โ€ฌุฏ ุฏโ€ชAโ€ฌุŸโ€ฌ โ€ซุตโ€ช.โ€ฌุง&โ€ช 5โ€ฌุฉโ€ช :โ€ฌูˆุงโ€ช/โ€ฌุฉ * โ€ช=.$โ€ฌุด )^& ูˆุฃโ€ช7($ . 6โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุฃุฒ*&((( โ€ช R(((H ..โ€ฌู‡(((โ€ช:โ€ฌู‚ โ€ช(((4 =((( 6โ€ฌุฉโ€ฌ โ€ซุง ((โ€ช $โ€ฌุงโ€ช((: ((. ((,:โ€ฌุจ ุง<*((ู… โ€ชR((Hโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุฃ]โ€ช Hโ€ฌุง โ€ช.. : * .  6โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ูˆโ€ช /(((Hโ€ฌุงโ€ช [(((s6โ€ฌุงโ€ช((( H ย(((. Q(((nโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช(((((((# ^((((((($โ€ฌุช ุง (((((((ุฃุฉโ€ฌ โ€ซุง &โ€ช    ..X/โ€ฌู‚ ูˆโ€ช/Dโ€ฌู‰โ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช>6โ€ฌุฉ ุฅ ุง โ€ช..$โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ*=  ูˆ*= ูˆโ€ช..56โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆ ู‰โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ูˆโ€ช ((* F((4โ€ฌุฃู† โ€ช -((Gโ€ฌุง (( โ€ช$โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ&(((( ((((ู† ุงโ€ช((((Vโ€ฌุณ โ€ช-((((..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช..l -โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง โ€ช* $โ€ฌุฉ ุฃู‰ ูˆุฏโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช# F:U. -โ€ฌุช ุฑโ€ชV$ EDโ€ฌุฒโ€ฌ

โ€ซุตโ€ช.โ€ฌุง&ุฒ โ€ช/โ€ฌู‰ ุฃโ€ชยŠ dUโ€ฌุงู„ *โ€ช /H aโ€ฌุขโ€ช ( A/โ€ฌุง ( โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช ..a=1* 4โ€ฌุง  โ€ช Fโ€ฌุฃโ€ช4โ€ฌู…โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช* d:Gโ€ฌุŸโ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆ ู‰โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุตโ€ช.โ€ฌุง&ุฒ ุง( *((โ€ช aโ€ฌู‡(โ€ช/โ€ฌูƒ โ€ช..R((* R(* ((6Lโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ* ุฃโ€ช4 6 a&H *  6โ€ฌุฉ ุง โ€ช$โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุงโ€ช((((: ((((. ((((,:โ€ฌุจ ุง<*((((ู…โ€ชF((((W^. ..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช $โ€ฌู‰ โ€ชHโ€ฌุจ ูˆู‡โ€ช: . ./6โ€ฌุจ ุง<*ู…โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช..R* R* 1โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช -โ€ฌูˆโ€ช/Dโ€ฌู‰ ูˆโ€ช /Hโ€ฌุฃโ€ช F& #โ€ฌุงโ€ช.^1โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซู‡ *ยŠุง*ุฉ โ€ช $โ€ฌูˆุงู‘ ุฅ(โ€ชFโ€ฌุŸ โ€ช($โ€ฌูˆุฒ โ€ชU( :โ€ฌู„โ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆ ู‰โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

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โ€ซูˆ ู‰โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุตโ€ช.โ€ฌุง&ุฒโ€ช( ^ :โ€ฌุงู… ูˆุงู‘( (โ€ชcโ€ฌู„ ( ุงุง(โ€ช(* /โ€ฌุชโ€ฌ โ€ซูˆโ€ช F$โ€ฌุฏู† ุข&ุŸโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช/:โ€ฌุฑ โ€ช =1./:โ€ฌูˆุฅู† * ุฏโ€ช=&1.โ€ฌุดุŸโ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆ ู‰โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช196โ€ฌโ€ฌ


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โ€ซุง&  )โ€ช(155โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฏุง โ€ช /โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช1 - Aโ€ฌู… โ€ช-$=Hโ€ฌโ€ฌ

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โ€ซุตโ€ช.โ€ฌูˆ ู‰โ€ช..l ..l ..l :โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ูˆุฅ((( โ€ช(((Dโ€ฌุงุฑ ุง&(((ู† โ€ช(((12Hโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช/(((((* 1(((((Wโ€ฌุฉ ุฅ((((( ุฑโ€ชE(((((Dโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุง (((((( ((((((โ€ช/โ€ฌูˆ ุฑุฉ โ€ช((((((:โ€ฌูˆู„โ€ฌ โ€ซุง]โ€ช((((((&Hโ€ฌุงุจ *(((((( ุงโ€ช((((((6&7โ€ฌุชโ€ฌ โ€ซ*โ€ช..6โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช..6 ..6 ..6โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&โ€ช:8P1โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช#$% -โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช198โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€“โ€ฌ


‫ا&  )‪(156‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬‬ ‫‪ -63 -0‬وء‬

‫ ((د و‪/((D‬ى ‪ (($‬ا‪/((* ((2‬ا‬‫=‪ V‬ا‪)L‬ل‪..‬‬

‫‪6‬؟‪ ..‬ا‪ &6‬آ (ن؟ ‪( L‬س ا‪ (: (&6‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

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‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ ‪..A/ * F^ : X ..F  &^:‬‬‫ و ‪$‬ن ‪n‬وج‪..‬‬‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪199‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(157‬‬

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‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫إ‪ F. F‬إ‪F‬؟‬

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‫و ى‪:‬‬

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‫‪200‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(158‬‬

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‫ و‪.‬ء ‪ /$ gH&:‬ا^(ب >(‬‫‪ R&: X 4:‬إ و‪/D‬ى‪..‬‬

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‫و ى‪:‬‬

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‫آم ‪5‬؟‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫‪824815‬‬

‫ ‪ E/&.‬إ ا &ال ‪..=1^&.‬‬‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪201‬‬

‫–‬


โ€ซุง&  )โ€ช(159โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฏุง โ€ช /โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ 'โ€ช NHโ€ฌุง>\ุงู„โ€ฌ

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โ€ซูˆ ู‰โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

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โ€ซโ€ช202โ€ฌโ€ฌ

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‫و ى‪:‬‬

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‫‪203‬‬

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‫أ‪ %# A‬ا&ن‪..‬‬ ‫‪204‬‬


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‫‪205‬‬


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‫‪206‬‬

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‫‪209‬‬

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‫‪210‬‬

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โ€ซุง&  )โ€ช(165โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฏุง โ€ช /โ€ฌุฑโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช - Aโ€ฌุง&'โ€ช-6  NHโ€ฌโ€ฌ

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โ€ซุตโ€ช#. .โ€ฌุฉโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช..lโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&& โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฃโ€ช 6โ€ฌู‡(ู‚ โ€ช(4 ( 6โ€ฌุฉ ุง (โ€ช $โ€ฌุงโ€ช(,:โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช: .โ€ฌุจ ุง<*ู…โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ โ€ช [s Xโ€ฌุงโ€ช $ Qnโ€ฌุงุฑโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ โ€ช(((((.โ€ฌู† ุงโ€ช(((((Vโ€ฌุณ โ€ช5(((((6 ย(((((.โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุง>((((( โ€ช -(((((..โ€ฌุง ((((( โ€ช..$โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช..- .โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุตโ€ช?.โ€ฌุจโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช(4 ..lโ€ฌู† โ€ช d( $ (.โ€ฌุฅู† ุงโ€ช(&$& (jโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุข=(( ุฑุงุญ โ€ช((:โ€ฌู‚ โ€ช((4 =(( 6โ€ฌุฉ ุง ((โ€ช$โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุฃโ€ช: . ,:โ€ฌุจ ุง<*ู…โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ โ€ช  &^.โ€ฌุงโ€ชj6 ย. EDโ€ฌุฉโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช#$% -โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช211โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€“โ€ฌ


‫ا&  )‪(167‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬‬ ‫رآ( ر ‪-63 Z‬‬

‫ ر‪ E((D‬دون ‪((D‬ان أ‪ (($ [((6‬‬‫ا^((((ر ‪(((( F&((((, ((((.‬د ‪ (((($‬‬ ‫ا&ة‪..‬‬

‫أ‪ 6‬ا ‪$‬ز*‪ $ 1* d‬ا( دى‬

‫ا&‪:I‬‬

‫ ^^& ‪..‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪212‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(168‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬‬ ‫=‪1.! cH‬ت‬

‫ ‪((6: E((*$‬ت أ*((م ((&‪a‬‬‫آ^(( &(( ا ‪(( 4‬ت‪(( ..‬د‬ ‫*& ‪:c‬‬

‫ا‪* &6‬؟‬

‫ا&‪:I‬‬

‫ص‪.‬ا&أة‪ :‬أ‪ 6‬ه(ق ‪(4 ( 6‬ة ا (‪ $‬ا‪(,:‬‬ ‫‪: .‬ب ا<*م‬ ‫)*ز( ‪.. /H‬‬

‫ا&‪:I‬‬

‫ و‪ (($ Qs((W /((H‬ا‪ Q((n‬أ`((‪F‬‬‫‪ X‬أع ‪G‬ب ‪ 6‬ة ‪:‬ن‬ ‫‪( UD.‬ت ر‪( E(D‬د *(‬ ‫‪..F 6‬‬

‫ص‪.‬ا&‪ :I‬هق ‪(4 6‬ة ا (‪ $‬ا‪ (. (,:‬‬ ‫‪:‬ب ا<*م‪..‬‬ ‫)*‪ (2 &s‬إ‪ F‬ه د‪A‬؟ أ‪($ (6‬وز‬

‫ا&‪:I‬‬

‫أ‪H‬ل *ة  ‪..‬‬ ‫ص‪.‬ا&‪& :I‬ل إ‪F‬؟‬ ‫أ‪((H‬ل إ‪ ((6‬ه((ق ‪((4 (( 6‬ة ا ((‪$‬‬

‫ا&‪:I‬‬

‫أ‪: . ,:‬ب ا<*م‪.‬‬ ‫ و‪(: /H‬ول ‪/($‬ة ( ‪$‬ت * (‬‫‪ F‬آ  ‪=$ a1‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪213‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(169‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬‬ ‫ا&'‪ Z NH‬أ‪-63 -\1‬‬

‫ ا((((‪7‬وج ‪ (((( D [((((.:‬إ(((( ‬‫*‪   F^&4‬ا&ن (ن دون‬ ‫أن ‪ ? ..F U^1‬آ‪F($ 7‬‬ ‫‪ ((((($‬ا‪L‬وراق ا ((((( ‪(((((.‬‬ ‫*‪61‬ة‪..‬‬ ‫ *(((‪ -‬إ((((ح ‪((((D‬س ا&((((ن‬‫> إ‪7. [.: F‬ة‪..‬‬

‫أ‪ 4.   6‬أه‪..F‬‬

‫‪:T.7‬‬

‫ ‪ -((. ((X‬ا (( ‪ $‬وز‪((=$‬‬‫‪ R4  6X‬ا‪V‬س‪..‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪214‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(170‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬‬ ‫دة اآ‪H‬ر‬

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‫ا& آ‪#‬ر‪:‬‬

‫أه‪..c‬‬

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‫ا&‪:/‬‬

‫ ‪ .‬ع ا(‪/‬آ&ر (  ‪(n‬ج‬‫‪ * s^* F‬ا ل  & م‪..‬‬

‫‪l‬دى ( ا‪/((.‬م  (( ‪ F((D‬ا(( ‪/((H‬رت‬ ‫ا& آ‪#‬ر‪:‬‬

‫أ‪ ((* =((,‬ا‪((1‬دة‪ ..‬و (( ا =(( ه((‬ ‫&((‪ ..((^H  /‬ا) ((‪ ..‬أ‪1(( R(( $ ((6‬‬ ‫ا‪..FD :c: gj4‬‬

‫ ‪f.‬ذا  (‪ /(1 A‬ا ^(\ ‪F(&6‬‬‫‪ .‬ه‪/‬وء‪..‬‬

‫و‪(($‬دك )((‪ (( R‬دآ&((ر‪ ..‬ا‪ R((6‬آ((‪A/‬‬

‫ا&‪:/‬‬

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‫ ‪((((6‬ا‪/((((($ ((((  .. =.‬ة‬ ‫‪>6 Œ :‬ا‪ (. =:‬د*(ع‬ ‫وه *‪B‬هل‪..‬‬

‫ا& آ‪#‬ر‪:‬‬

‫‪/$‬ة‪..‬‬

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‫ا& آ‪#‬ر‪:‬‬

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‫  (((((((( ‪(((((((((G‬ب ‪(((((((((D‬س‬‫ا&((((ن‪ -((((.. ..‬ا (((( ‪$‬‬ ‫أ‪((X‬ء *‪((# - (( . F((:61‬ت‬ ‫‪..A&.‬‬

‫ص‪.‬ا&‪:a#J‬‬

‫‪ ..l‬أ‪ 6‬هق ‪.. 6‬‬

‫ا& آ‪#‬ر‪:‬‬

‫‪$‬رف‪..‬‬

‫ص‪.‬ا&‪:a#J‬‬

‫)‪$ C‬رف هق ‪. 6‬؟‬

‫ا& آ‪#‬ر‪:‬‬

‫ا ((((‪ $‬ا‪((((: ((((. ((((,:‬ب ا<*((((م‪..‬‬ ‫وا‪4* 7V‬ن *‪1‬آ ‪ .‬ا‪..‬‬

‫ و‪ [s‬ه ا ‪E1j X ..$‬‬‫(((((‪V‬رة‪ ..‬و‪ E(((((^H‬أن ‪(((((2‬‬ ‫ا]‪ $‬إذا ‪(. =&1(, /  F‬‬ ‫‪((,‬ود ((ق إ((‪/‬ى ا‪L‬وراق‬ ‫ا  ا& أ**‪ ..F‬و‪/( /(H‬أت‬ ‫‪((((( :‬ى ‪ ((((((=.‬ا((((((ر وه((((((‬ ‫&‪..=*U‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪216‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(171‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬‬ ‫‪ -0‬ا&'! ‪1‬ح‬

‫ ‪(((6‬ح و(((‪/‬ا ((( ‪ F(((:]l‬وه(((‬‫*&‪ %6‬زا\ ا‪ (1‬و‪ /(H‬أ( ‬ ‫ ‪V‬ز‪..^6D A‬‬ ‫ و*((((((( إن ‪(((((((G‬ب ‪(((((((D‬س‬‫ا&((ن &(( ‪ -((.‬ا (( ‪$‬‬ ‫ &‪..- . ..EH‬‬

‫ص‪.‬ر‪:I‬‬

‫‪..l‬‬

‫ ‪(((((.‬د ‪(((((6‬ح ‪(((((.‬را ‪F(((((: 4‬‬‫ا &‪1((, (() (($ ((H‬اء‬ ‫ا ‪..‬‬

‫‪ R D‬ا‪(6L‬س دا`( أى داغ‪*/(. ..‬غ‬

‫‪F‬ح‪:‬‬

‫ا‪ ..ED‬وا‪ ..ED‬ا‪*/‬غ‪..‬‬ ‫ص‪.‬ا&‪ :I‬أ‪ 6‬هق ‪.. 6‬‬ ‫]زم *((((ن و‪((((H6‬ك ا‪ ..((((1‬ه((((‬

‫‪F‬ح‪:‬‬

‫هى‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪ -((G: ((X‬ا‪ (($ ((* 4((G‬‬‫و‪6 FD‬ح ‪/:‬ر‪ V‬و‪ /H‬اآ&‪U‬ب‬

‫ ‪ a((* ..((n‬آ((‪A/‬؟ *‪((* a((=1‬ه آ=((‬

‫‪F‬ح‪:‬‬

‫ ‪..n‬‬ ‫ و‪ /H‬و‪ -W‬ا ‪.. U $‬‬‫ ‪((.‬ن ا&((ن ‪ (($‬ا(((ر‪..‬‬‫‪ -(..‬ا ( ‪(# F(:U. $‬ت‬ ‫ا*أة‪..‬‬

‫ص‪.‬اأة‪:‬‬

‫هق ‪ A(4 6‬ا (‪ $‬ا‪ (. (,:‬‬ ‫‪:‬ب ا<*م‪..‬‬ ‫أ‪$ 6‬وز ا‪  =.‬ا‪ 4‬دى‪..‬‬

‫‪F‬ح‪:‬‬

‫ص‪.‬ا&أة‪ :‬ا ‪/‬ا‪ ..‬أ‪ #‬زه‪ R‬و)=‪R‬‬ ‫‪217‬‬


‫*((( ‪(((,‬ء ا *(((‪ -‬ا&‪ (((G‬أ*(((ل أ‪(((6‬‬

‫‪F‬ح‪:‬‬

‫أ‪ E $‬إ‪  $  F‬ه‪A‬؟‪ ..‬دا أ‪ 6‬ا‪7‬ه[‬ ‫‪ F 6‬زه[ * * آ&( *( زه(‪(* R‬‬ ‫زه‪.. * F‬‬ ‫ ‪(((6 -(((G.‬ح ا ((( ‪5((( $‬‬‫ا‪]^*c‬ة و‪, /H‬د ‪..F1‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪218‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(172‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬‬ ‫‪   -0‬‬

‫ ا‪ (( 1‬ا&(( آ‪((6 /(($ R((6‬ح‬‫‪.. s:‬‬

‫ا&&‪:8‬‬

‫وا^  ** ‪ .. ^ :‬إ‪x‬‬

‫ و*((((((‪ ((((((=` -‬وا (((((( ‬‫ا ((((^ ‪ {H((((:‬ر‪((((H‬‬ ‫‪/((^ ?(( ..H((,‬و أ‪E(( F((6‬‬ ‫ز‪.‬ف &  = ‪..‬‬ ‫ ا‪c(((# 5(((1‬ح إ((( ‪(((D‬ار‬‫‪$‬و&‪ F‬ا‪.. */‬‬ ‫ ‪c((#‬ح *‪Es((j. ..((=* 7ˆ ((j‬‬‫‪s&(] F 6‬اق ‪ (.‬ا‪(D‬‬ ‫‪ $‬اا‪ H‬واه&‪7‬ازا‪..=:‬‬ ‫ وآ (( رأ‪$ F((:‬و((&‪ B((V* F‬‬‫إ اا‪/( / : ..H‬ه ‪F(&:‬‬ ‫* ذ‪ FH‬إ=‪c# =1. ..‬ح‬ ‫ه* ‪..‬‬

‫* ‪ a6/j:‬آ‪  A/‬أ‪.. 6‬‬

‫‪AE‬ح‪:‬‬

‫ &‪ %((((((G‬أن و‪/((((((D‬ى وو‪((((((.‬ء‬‫*‪((((D‬دان ‪ ((((.‬ا =(((( ه(((( ‬ ‫‪ $ 4W‬ا‪1‬و‪..‬‬ ‫   و‪/D‬ى ‪(,‬رد ‪..:(: (.‬‬‫ ((ق ا>((ات ‪ ((6‬و‪((.‬ء‬ ‫‪..= 6‬‬ ‫ ‪//, /D . X‬ة ‪ *:‬و‪(.‬ء‬‫ أ(((((((= ‪/((((((((D‬ى ‪((((((((6‬‬ ‫‪219‬‬


‫ا‪1‬و‪..‬‬

‫ ‪..‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫ ‪/(((((^.‬و ‪/((((($‬م ا‪ ((((($ (((((W‬‬‫و‪/((((((D‬ى‪ ..‬و‪F^((((((( : (((((((=4‬‬ ‫‪& _=.‬ا ‪..‬‬ ‫ &‪(((((((=V‬ن ‪: (((((((6‬ا (((((((‪7‬ة‬‫ا‪1‬و‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪UV.‬ة‪ R ..‬و‪/D‬ى *( و‪(.‬ء‬‫‪((((1‬د هر ((((‪F(((( d(((( &. ..‬‬ ‫و‪.‬ء‪..‬‬

‫را‪. %‬؟‪ ..‬ا(اد *‪(67‬ق و‪($‬وز ا( ‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫‪..AB‬‬ ‫ ‪ d(((((( .‬و‪/((((((D‬ى ‪((((((DD7‬‬‫و ((((‪: (((($ ((((* 4‬ا ((((‪7‬ة‬ ‫ا((واد ا ‪((V‬ور‪ ..‬و‪((=1.‬‬ ‫‪B(U&. ..F( . $‬ه *(‪ F‬و‪(.‬ء‬ ‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫إ‪ F‬ا &‪ F 1‬د‪A‬؟‬

‫‪-‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ ‪..= 4‬‬

‫‪-‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫ه أ‪ R6‬ا ه‪V:‬زه  أ ؟‬

‫‪-‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫‪ ..L‬دا أ‪ 6‬ا ه ‪V:‬أ وأآ ‪/H F‬ا*=‪..‬‬

‫‪-‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫)‪ C) (=&4W &4:‬ا‪..EG:‬‬

‫‪/1:‬ه إ ا&ا ‪7‬ة‪..‬‬

‫ ‪/&.‬م و‪/D‬ى ‪ 6‬ا‪..5(1‬‬‫*&(((((‪ 1‬ا(((((‪ (((((& ...c‬‬ ‫ا‪ F=D‬ا‪/(&. 5(1‬ث إ(‪F‬‬ ‫ ت ‪$‬ل‪..‬‬ ‫ا(((( ‪ 1‬آ((((‪ g(((( ((((` ((((* 5‬و]‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫دوران‪ ..‬أ‪ 6‬هق ‪4 6‬ة ا (‪$‬‬ ‫ا‪: . ,:‬ب ا<*م‪..‬‬ ‫‪ C=. -‬ا‪ 51‬وا‪..H‬‬

‫وه ‪:‬دى ‪ . d 6‬داه ‪V*  F‬ن؟‬

‫‪AE‬ح‪:‬‬

‫‪220‬‬


‫ ‪ g((H&.‬و‪/((D‬ى >((ات أ*((‪E‬‬‫&‪ g)1‬ا‪..F1* 51‬‬ ‫‪ F^  X -‬ا‪ 51‬ه* ‪..‬‬

‫ رة‪ ..‬ا‪..d ^, 7$ . R6‬‬

‫‪AE‬ح‪:‬‬

‫ ‪/((((^.‬و و‪/((((D‬ى *‪((((. ((((:‬‬‫ا&‪1G‬ف ‪U(D & F: 4‬‬ ‫ ‪..F‬‬

‫إذا آ(((‪/((( (((=^& R‬ر‪D‬دى (((‪/‬ه *(((‬

‫‪AE‬ح‪:‬‬

‫د((((‪ &H‬و(((( ‪ ..‬هآ&^((((‪((((: d‬زل‬ ‫ر ‪..‬‬ ‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫) ل ‪: ( $‬زل إ‪F‬؟‬

‫‪AE‬ح‪:‬‬

‫)ه* ( )‪ C‬و) ‪..d:#‬‬

‫ و‪ /((H‬ا&((‪c((# R‬ح إ(( أه((‪E‬‬‫ا‪1‬و(((( ا ‪ (((( 1‬آ((((‬ ‫ا^‪ ..%‬وه *‪$B‬ر‪..‬‬

‫‪AE‬ح‪:‬‬

‫ا‪$ R6‬وز ‪:‬د ف داه؟‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫دا ا‪ R((6‬ا(( ‪(($‬وز ‪((:‬د ف داه((‪..‬‬ ‫وأ‪ 6‬آ‪ R‬أ‪ * =.$‬دى  أخ؟‬

‫ ‪c(((# (((n.‬ح *=(((را ‪ ((($‬‬‫ا‪.. 4‬‬

‫أخ‪ ..Q6 RH. ..‬آ(ن أ*( آ^( إ‪ (6‬‬

‫‪AE‬ح‪:‬‬

‫أ]‪(j$ (=.1 =(, H‬ن أ‪( ..F(=H7‬‬ ‫ر&((( *((( آ(((‪(((j$ ((($ R((( $ R‬ن‬ ‫أ‪V:‬زه(‪ ((4 ..‬أ‪ E( $‬إ((‪(. F‬س أ ه((‬ ‫‪.. $ R $‬‬ ‫*((دام ‪((. ((=.‬س أ ه((‪d(( ((^ ..‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫*‪ ..1‬هق ‪.. 6‬‬ ‫‪AE‬ح‪:‬‬

‫)‪, .‬ود( ‪:‬ق ‪d 6‬؟‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ ‪4‬ة ا ‪ $‬ا‪: . ,:‬ب ا<*م‬

‫ ‪c#‬ح ‪(, .‬ود‪ R(& A‬إ( ‬‫أه(((((‪ E‬ا‪1‬و((((( وو‪(((((D‬ه=‬

‫‪221‬‬


‫ا‪  & &. 1‬ا‪.`L‬‬

‫إن آ‪..H R‬‬

‫‪AE‬ح‪:‬‬

‫ ‪&* C= X‬ا‪(f E 4 H‬ع‬‫أ` أى‪..‬‬

‫‪(1* 6/‬ك‪ ..‬إذا آ(‪ R‬ه(‪:‬ق (‪ 6/‬‬

‫‪AE‬ح‪:‬‬

‫*‪1‬ك‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪ g(((.‬و‪/(((D‬ى ‪((( (((#‬‬‫أ`‪..‬‬

‫‪^D‬ر‪..‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ و‪ E((( 4‬ا‪ ((( ((( V‬أ`(((‬‫أى‪..‬‬

‫ور‪ R‬ا‪2#‬د‪# ..‬دو‪.. 6‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ ودون ‪((((( E((((( 4 g(((((H:‬‬‫‪..l‬‬

‫أو‪(($‬ا ‪((:‬ا ا اآ((‪((6 (( C‬س ‪] ((6U.‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫أ‪$‬ف ‪ .‬ا‪1‬م )*==(‬ ‫ ‪ =>&.‬د‪.‬ف ا‪ .7‬و‪/(, /H‬وا‬‫ا‪(((($ 5((((1‬ة إ(((( ‪((((D‬ار‬ ‫‪$‬و((((((((&‪ ((((((((. F‬ا‪..((((((((.7‬‬ ‫و‪4‬د"‪ "..‬ا^‪4‬ء‪..‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪222‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(173‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬‬ ‫‪1 - A‬م  و=‪-‬‬

‫ ر(((((( ‪$‬و((((((  ((((((&ن‬‫و) ا‪(.7‬ف ‪ ($ ( D‬‬ ‫آ(((( ا& ((((‪((((: ..‬ك‬ ‫أ‪ ^((($ (((. =1 (((#‬وه((( ‬ ‫*‪ ˆ)U2‬ا(أس ‪ &(4:‬إ (‬ ‫‪) -‬و‪(((#‬ت د‪(((.‬ف ا‪ (((.7‬وا‪`7‬ر(((‪/‬‬

‫وا‪61  W‬ة‪..‬‬

‫*^‪ * ?1‬رج `‪ .‬ام ا ‪(s‬‬ ‫ ‪ = $‬ا‪(j‬ب  ( ‪( D‬‬‫‪(((() (((($‬ف ا (((( وه((((‬ ‫ك أ‪ 5( F1^#‬ا‪^(1‬‬ ‫وه *‪ )U2‬اأس‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪>6 -(((. (((X‬ا‪ ..F(((:‬و (((‪=U‬‬‫‪UV.‬ة ‪..H‬‬

‫)‪# * C‬ر&‪ E^H a‬آ‪F A/‬؟‬

‫*‪:b5‬‬

‫ ‪7((((((&.‬داد ‪$ ^(((((($‬و((((((‬‫و‪ )U(((2:‬رأ(((= إ‪ (((X‬آ‪F(((*c‬‬ ‫و] ‪:‬د‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪2&((((((( .‬د  ((((((( (((((((‪5‬‬‫ا‪..H‬‬

‫(((& ‪ ((( 2‬وأ‪(((. ((((6‬ه أ‪(((( H d(((6‬‬

‫*‪:b5‬‬

‫ا<‪c‬ص‪ ..‬وا ‪ -(2 5‬أ‪ d(6‬آ(‪R‬‬ ‫ &‪ 6n‬؟‬ ‫ ‪7((((&.‬داد ‪ =&^(((($‬أآ(((( و]‬‫‪:‬د‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪ $   7V.‬أ‪ F6‬وه(‬‫‪223‬‬


‫ ‪..=U‬‬

‫وا‪ 2s‬ا‪^4‬ة ( ‪(:‬ى‪E(^H R( ..‬‬

‫*‪:b5‬‬

‫* ‪ .1:‬واّ ‪ &.$ * /1‬؟‬ ‫ و‪(((: ] */((($‬د‪ C(((V ..‬ه(((‬‫‪..F 6 $‬‬

‫‪ .1: * E^H‬؟‬

‫*‪:b5‬‬

‫ ‪ 7(((=&.‬رأ(((= <‪(((V‬ب ‪(((.‬‬‫‪(((((((# (((((((1 (((((((  ) -‬ت ا(((((((‪./‬ف‬

‫‪..R #‬‬

‫وا‪`7‬ر‪n /‬رج(‬ ‫ ‪ F((((V&.‬إ=((((  ((((‪ ..‬و‪(((($‬‬‫‪((((H‬ب  ((((‪ ((((V= =U‬هد((((‬ ‫*&‪..67‬‬

‫)((((‪ C‬ا‪ ((((2s‬ا‪((((^4‬ة و‪((((X)..((((=^6‬‬

‫*‪:b5‬‬

‫‪#‬ر( ‪ 6(n: (4‬وا‪( 2n* (&6‬‬ ‫ آ ن؟‬ ‫ ‪f.‬ذا = ‪:‬د ‪L‬ول *(ة وآ‪(=6U‬‬‫‪ /((:‬أن ‪ (( :‬ا ‪(( 4((j‬د‬ ‫‪..-)H‬‬

‫*ر‪:8‬‬

‫أ‪ (4 ..(  ( a4&( * 6‬و‪d(.‬‬ ‫وو‪.. .‬‬

‫*‪:b5‬‬

‫ه‪ . n^:‬و‪ .‬آ ن؟‬

‫*ر‪:8‬‬

‫*(( ه(( ا>((وف دى ه(( ا(( &(( ‬ ‫‪ R( $‬آ((‪(j$ A/‬ن ‪((46‬ن ا‪ (,‬ا(( ‬ ‫ا  = ا‪ a1‬د‪.A‬‬ ‫)‪#‬ر( ‪( 1‬س آ (ن؟ ‪ ..‬دا أ‪(6‬‬

‫*‪:b5‬‬

‫آ‪. R‬ه ^‪c‬ش‪..‬‬ ‫*ر‪:8‬‬

‫*((( `((( آ(((‪* A/‬آ(((ش ه(((‪V&6‬ز (((‬ ‫^^ ‪..‬‬ ‫^^‪d‬؟‬

‫*‪:b5‬‬

‫ و‪ /(((H‬أ‪..^((($ (((X F& (((#‬‬‫  ((( (((ن ‪(((D‬س ا&((((ن‬

‫‪224‬‬


‫‪UV.‬ة‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪ -. -./.‬ا ‪ $‬إ أذ‪F(6‬‬‫((((? ((((‪ ((((. %‬ا&((((ن‬ ‫ ‪..F&^1‬‬

‫*‪:b5‬‬

‫ا ] ^رك ‪..d.‬‬

‫ص‪.‬ر‪:I‬‬

‫و] ‪  d.‬أ ‪F . Qnj& ..‬؟‬

‫*‪:b5‬‬

‫أ‪$ a*  6‬وز ‪^ /‬رآ  أ ‪..‬‬ ‫‪7:‬م ‪6: */‬؟‬

‫ص‪.‬ر‪:I‬‬

‫أ‪ 6‬ه(ق ‪(4 ( 6‬ة ا (‪ $‬ا‪(,:‬‬ ‫‪: .‬ب ا<*م‪..‬‬

‫ و‪ [(((((((s‬ا‪-(((((((G. ..Q(((((((n‬‬‫ا ‪..$‬‬ ‫ و‪ /((((H‬ا‪(((( ((((  -./((((6‬ل‬‫و‪V‬ل ‪ .‬ا‪&( = (.s‬‬ ‫‪ (( 4‬ا‪((XL‬ث وآ((‪F(( ((* E‬‬ ‫‪//(((((((((, ^((((((((($ (((((((((.‬ة‪..‬‬ ‫و‪$‬و&‪ . j 4* F‬ذ‪..$‬‬ ‫ ((ن ‪((D‬س ا&((ن‪-./((. ..‬‬‫  ‪ -.‬ا ‪..$‬‬

‫ص‪ .‬ز‪..l :‬‬ ‫) ‪ (F&^1‬إ ا]‪ (:‬ه(‪6‬ق ‪( 6‬‬

‫*‪:b5‬‬

‫ ‪4‬ة ا ‪ $‬ا‪: . ,:‬ب ا<*م‪..‬‬ ‫ و((زع ا (( ‪-./(( ((X ..$‬‬‫‪ (((((. ((((( 4 (((((6X‬ا‪(((((.s‬‬ ‫ = &‪..‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪225‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(174‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬‬ ‫‪ -0‬ا&'! ‪1‬ح‬

‫ ‪((((6‬ح ‪ ((((> ((((.‬ه ((((&‬‫ (((((((((((((‪7‬ق أوراق ا(((((((((((((ت‬ ‫ا  ‪..=*4‬‬ ‫ و‪ -((((n‬ا^روآ(((( *(((( ‪ (((($‬‬‫رأ‪..F‬‬ ‫ ‪ F((((V& ((((X‬إ(((( أ((((‪ /‬ا‪L‬دراج‬‫ا ‪((((((4f ((((((s‬م و&=((((((‬ ‫ (((ص و‪n&((( . ..((($‬ج‬ ‫‪/D &$ * :6‬ا‪..‬‬ ‫ >(((( إ(((( ا‪L‬وراق ا‪((((&1‬‬‫&‪ g)((1& ((=*U‬و((‪//((, C‬‬ ‫ورو*‪ X  6‬د*‪(* 2: 1‬‬ ‫‪..F$‬‬ ‫ ن ‪D‬س ا&ن‪..‬‬‫ ‪((6 -((..‬ح ا (( ‪ ..$‬و‪E((^H‬‬‫أن &((‪/‬ث ا ((&‪(( 4‬د ‪((6‬ح‬ ‫‪ .‬ر‪//, H‬ة‪..‬‬

‫* ‪ ..4(G.‬أ‪ a(* ( (6‬ه(ق ‪ ( 6‬‬

‫‪F‬ح‪:‬‬

‫ ‪ A4‬ا ‪ $‬ا‪: . ,:‬ب ا<*م‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪ -G X‬ا ( ‪ $‬و&‪F(&: F(V‬‬‫ا (( ا‪ (($ =1((G ((&1‬‬ ‫*(((‪((( E‬ص أ**(((‪ ..F‬و (((‪d‬‬ ‫ ‪&(( * ((1‬و و((‪* g‬ا‪((=D‬‬ ‫ا‪4‬ا ا‪ (n‬آ‪&( * F(6U‬و‬

‫)‪/^&.‬أ * ‪ `  >$‬را‪.(1‬‬

‫‪ >$‬د أورآ &ا ‪/‬ة‪..‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪226‬‬

‫–‬


227


‫ا&  )‪(175‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬‬ ‫‪E NH' - A‬‬

‫  ((( (((ن ‪(((D‬س ا&((((ن‬‫ ‪  & * E4j‬و ‪f‬ح‪..‬‬ ‫ *‪  /‬و‪/‬ا ] ‪ F( U^1‬وه(‬‫‪ /6‬رأ‪  F‬آ‪ F‬أ*م ‪/($‬ة‬ ‫أوراق *(( ‪((. ((=*U& ((H‬‬ ‫*‪61‬ة‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪U((V.‬ة‪((& ..‬ل ر‪ ((6‬ا&((ن‬‫إ ‪ s:‬إ‪.. $‬‬ ‫‪ R&. -‬إ‪..  /* F‬‬

‫ &‪:9‬‬

‫ &ل إ‪F‬؟‬

‫ ‪/^.‬و ا‪ 6‬وآ‪ F6U‬د ‪( s‬‬‫أى‪..‬‬ ‫‪. -‬د *‪ $  /‬ا‪..6‬‬

‫ &‪:9‬‬

‫‪ a* L‬هق‪..‬‬

‫ وا‪  s 6‬أى‪..‬‬‫‪ -‬و*‪  /‬د‪..‬‬

‫ &‪:9‬‬

‫ &&‪.. /‬‬

‫ وا‪//D  s 6‬ة‪..‬‬‫‪ -‬و*‪  /‬د‪..‬‬

‫ &‪:9‬‬

‫أ((‪ /((* .(( /((H (($ A‬ر‪a((* ..((D‬‬ ‫‪ . d^D$‬؟‬

‫ ‪  /((((((* -((((((..‬ا (((((( ‪$‬‬‫وز‪..6X =$‬‬ ‫ ‪ R4((( .‬ا‪(((V‬س‪ ..‬و*(((‪  /‬‬‫‪..cH‬‬

‫ &‪:9‬‬

‫أ‪ (((6‬آ (((ن *(((‪a(((* 5((( .. ^D((($ a‬‬ ‫هق‪..‬‬

‫ و*(( أن ‪(((1‬ود ‪((( F(((*U:‬س‬‫‪228‬‬


‫& ن ا‪V‬س *ة ‪..6:‬‬ ‫ ‪  /( (* -(((.‬ا ((( ‪(((. $‬‬‫‪ Š)^:‬إ أذ‪..F6‬‬ ‫‪# F:U. -‬ت و‪.‬ء‬

‫ص‪.‬و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫‪..l‬‬

‫‪UD   /* BŠ. -‬ة‪..‬‬

‫ &‪:9‬‬

‫*؟‪ ..‬و‪.‬ء؟‬

‫ص‪.‬و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫ه((ق ‪((4 5((6‬ة ا ((‪ $‬ا‪ ((. ((,:‬‬ ‫‪:‬ب ا<*م‪..‬‬

‫ ‪ [((s ((X‬ا‪((,^* Q((n‬ة *((‬‫‪ 6‬و‪.‬ء‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪F((( 6 (((.  /(((* a 4(((.‬‬‫‪ (((((($‬ا((((((ر و‪ /((((((H‬ازدادت‬ ‫*‪4 & F:61‬د أن ^‪..4‬‬

‫ &‪:9‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪229‬‬

‫‪$ a* 1‬وز‪ 6: 1D: A‬؟‬ ‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(176‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬‬ ‫‪ -0‬ا& ا ‬

‫ و‪(((((.‬ء ‪ (((((.‬رآ((((( ا&(((((ن‬‫ا((( ‪ (((.‬ا(((‪(((1 H ..‬‬ ‫إ(((( ‪((((D‬ار ا&((((ن دا‪((((.‬‬ ‫رأ((= (( آ=(( ‪((> ((.‬‬ ‫*‪(((61‬ة‪ ..‬و‪ %((( :‬د*‪(((* (((1‬‬ ‫‪/ $‬ه‪..‬‬ ‫   ‪ (.‬ا‪ g( (n‬و‪/(D‬ى‬‫‪ $‬ا^ ‪  R‬أ‪.‬اد ا‪(H‬‬ ‫ا (( *‪ ((s‬أ*((م ا((واد‬ ‫ا ‪4‬رى‪..‬‬

‫ا ‪.. 6(: 6(: 6(: ..(n 4^(,‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫را‪ 1D‬أ‪ 6‬وا‪.. 6: R6‬‬ ‫ ‪ E(( 4 ((X‬ا‪U((V. ((`L‬ة ((‬‫‪..l‬‬

‫م‪ .‬ا ‪/‬ة‪ 6/  ..‬ا ‪..‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ ‪((= D F(( [((.‬ر ا ((‪4‬رى‬‫ &=((((‪ i‬وه(((( ((((د ا&((((‬ ‫* ^ &‪ FV‬إ و‪.‬ء‪..‬‬ ‫ *(( إن ((‪ E‬إ(( و‪((.‬ء &(( ‬‫‪ -((((G:‬ا‪ (((($ ((((* 4((((G‬‬ ‫و‪ %  */$ F=D‬د*‪..=$‬‬ ‫‪ -.&. -‬و‪.‬ء رأ= إ‪..F‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪d* ..‬؟‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫و‪/D‬ى‪..‬‬

‫ و‪ E(((((( 4: ] */(((((($‬آ ‪((((((=:‬‬‫&ب ه *=‪..‬‬

‫) ‪ (E*U‬ر‪ &1D‬ف آ‪ d*c‬واّ إ‪F‬؟‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫  ((( رن ا&(((ن ‪A/((( /((( .‬‬‫‪230‬‬


‫‪ -((((((.‬ا (((((( ‪ $‬و‪=1((((((G‬‬ ‫ ‪7.‬ة‪..‬‬

‫ا‪ R4‬ا‪R6‬؟‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ ‪((((& (((X‬ب *((( و‪((((.‬ء أآ((((‬‫ =‪..‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ه‪F‬؟‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫ ر‪ . c1. R1D‬آ‪ .. *c‬ه ‪ 6/U:‬؟‬

‫ و‪/D‬ى &(ر و‪ )U(2‬رأ(‪F‬‬‫ ‪ c‬رد‪..‬‬ ‫ ن ا&ن ‪ F&4 .‬و‪/D‬ى‪..‬‬‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫‪ d&H‬ا& ا‪..R6‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫‪ RH‬إ‪  F‬و‪/D‬ى؟‬

‫ و‪/((((D‬ى *((((زال *‪((((. U(((()U2‬‬‫ة‪  X ..‬ق ‪(>6‬ة ‪(&:‬‬ ‫إ(( و‪((.‬ء‪ ..‬و‪ )U((2‬ء ‪A((>6‬‬ ‫‪ c 6X‬رد‪..‬‬

‫* &دش ‪F‬؟‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫ ‪ (( &^.‬ا & ((* ‪B$ E((V‬ر((‬‫وه((( *‪ )U(((2‬رأ(((‪(((  ..F‬‬ ‫رن ا‪((((V‬س ‪((((U.‬ع ‪-((((.‬‬ ‫ا ‪=6 $‬؟‬

‫) ‪D‬ء( رد ‪  $‬و‪/D‬ى‪ ..‬أ‪^1# 6‬ن‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫‪ $‬أ‪ C‬ا ‪D 4‬زى‪..‬‬ ‫‪ [1. -‬و‪/D‬ى ‪#‬ر‪..‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫‪D‬زك؟‬

‫‪ -‬و‪ /H‬أ* ‪ d‬ا ‪. $‬را‪..‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫إ ‪(6: -( D‬ت *(‪ 4( ..‬و]‬ ‫‪ 4‬أ‪ 6‬ه ـ‪..‬‬

‫ و‪ F((((&1)H /((((H‬و‪((((.‬ء ((((‪C‬‬‫ا ‪..F* $‬‬

‫دا ‪^1#‬ن ‪ 4 ..$‬أ‪(^ (* (6‬ش (‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫و‪/D‬ى‪..‬‬ ‫)*((((‪B‬ه]( *(((( &^=((((ش؟ أ*((((ل ه((((‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫‪F 1D:‬؟‬

‫‪231‬‬


‫*‪$ a‬وز‪ A‬أر‪  -D‬و‪/D‬ى‪.‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫ ‪ 7((=.‬و‪/((D‬ى رأ((‪/(($ ((. F‬م‬‫‪:=.‬‬

‫) =‪ ((((V‬واه((((( ‪] L‬زم ‪(((( ((((1D:‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪..‬‬ ‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫)‪ (2,‬ا‪ R6‬ا & آ‪A/‬؟‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫) =‪ V‬ااه(‬

‫ و‪ /((((H‬د‪ ((((.‬رأ((((‪ ((((. F‬آ((((‪F‬‬‫*‪..61‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪232‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(177‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬‬ ‫‪1 - A‬م ‪-R.X‬‬

‫ (((( &ا (((((‪7‬ة (((((ة *‪/(((((1‬ة‬‫ ‪(((( 4‬ت ه(((( *(((( ا((((م‬ ‫وااآ((‪ ..F‬وآ‪ ((.‬ا ((‪U‬آ]ت‬ ‫ ‪U‬آام آ^ة‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪ %&:‬ا‪*(4‬ا &‪ %(G‬أن ه(‪AB‬‬‫ا ة *  ‪V‬ار (‬ ‫ا(((م *^‪(((,‬ة‪/(((H ?((( ..‬‬ ‫ا‪ ^s‬أ (‪ (4=&* E(^6 /‬إ( ‬ ‫‪(((((((D‬ار زو‪ F(((((((&D‬ا &(((((((‬ ‫)( "‪  16‬و‪.." #‬‬ ‫ ‪ _=:‬ه * ا  ‪(=:‬‬‫ا‪//((j‬ة *&و(( ا^‪((X ..4((j‬‬ ‫‪ * BU:‬ا (ة ‪/(n.‬ة ‪ 6(W‬‬ ‫‪/ :‬ه ‪...c F‬‬ ‫‪* ../‬ن ‪ * $‬أر‪ -D‬م ا م‪..‬‬

‫*‪:8RJ‬‬

‫ ‪.‬د &‪1G‬ف وه *&=‪d‬‬‫‪ $‬ا ‪..‬‬

‫‪:I(F‬‬

‫‪ 6:‬؟‬

‫*‪:8RJ‬‬

‫و‪..,$‬‬

‫ ذه^‪ R‬ه  م‪( (  ..‬ن‬‫‪((D‬س ا&((ن‪E((^6 -((.. ..‬‬ ‫ا (((((( ‪ $‬و‪ E((((((^H‬أن  (((((( ‪-‬‬ ‫‪((((#‬ت ا &((((‪/‬ث ((((د *((((‬ ‫‪ $ F 6‬ار‪..‬‬

‫ ‪HU‬ل إ‪$ D  F‬؟ أ‪ g(, 6‬إن (‬

‫‪:I(F‬‬

‫‪233‬‬


((‫((د ا‬1* ‫((ا‬n: ((* ..F((D$ ((^‫ا‬ .. ‫& أ‬H‫د‬ (((((* (((((# =:(((((# F(((((:U. ..RH‫ و‬a1G: * /1&‫ ا‬:8RJ*.‫ص‬ ../1&‫ ه‬a* (  )

..‫ا م‬

:I(F

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:I(F

.. G* ‫ص‬c –

#$% -

234

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‫ا&  )‪(178‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬‬ ‫‪1 - A‬م ا‪]0 d /‬ح‬

‫ ا‪c((# 5((1‬ح *(( =((‪A‬‬‫ ‪7ˆ (((,‬از ‪1‬و(((&‪ F‬ا^(((‬ ‫ا&(((( ‪5(((( c* -((((n (((( &:‬‬ ‫ز‪1( (. 12H 12H =..‬دة‬ ‫ =ء‪..‬‬ ‫  ((( ‪(((G‬ب ‪c(((#‬ح ر‪((( H‬‬‫‪7D‬ا‪ ((((. (((.‬ا&(((ن ‪F((((:U.‬‬ ‫اد‪..‬‬

‫‪E‬ت‪:‬‬

‫‪..l‬‬

‫‪AE‬ح‪:‬‬

‫ ((((‪4.‬ك *(((( `(((( *(((( ‪ ((((.1:‬و]‬ ‫أ‪ : ] ..d.$‬ا ‪1‬د‪..‬‬

‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪235‬‬

‫–‬


โ€ซุง&  )โ€ช(179โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฏุง โ€ช /โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช - Aโ€ฌุง&'โ€ช-6  NHโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ุฅุฐุง  &(((((โ€ช/โ€ฌุซ ู‡((((( ุงโ€ชE(((((Dโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุงโ€ช (((1โ€ฌูˆ(((โ€ช E(((^ Fโ€ฌุง โ€ช(((jโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุง &โ€ช * /โ€ฌุง โ€ช..gโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุงโ€ช5((6โ€ฌุŸ ุงโ€ช (( 6โ€ฌุงุฒุงู‰ุŸ ุฏุง ุฃโ€ช(($ R2((, ((6โ€ฌุฏโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&& โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุงโ€ช * R^4โ€ฌุฏโ€ช.. &Hโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุตโ€ชAE.โ€ฌุญโ€ชF&2, :โ€ฌุŸโ€ช/(* ( d( C) ..โ€ฌุงุฑู‰ โ€ชF($โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซู… ุง=ุง ^โ€ช..A4โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุงโ€ช(((($ ..Q((((` ((((& =. R((((6โ€ฌุฏ ุงโ€ชR((((^4โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&& โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ชj$โ€ฌู† โ€ช] A(4 -โ€ฌุฒู… ุฃโ€ช E(G.โ€ฌุฃโ€ชF(. Q(,โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซู… ุง=ุฑุฏุฉโ€ช a&:. * ..โ€ฌุฏู‰โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช#$% -โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช236โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€“โ€ฌ


‫ا&  )‪(180‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬‬ ‫‪1 - A‬م ا‪]0 d /‬ح‬

‫ ‪c((((((#‬ح وه(((((( ((((((د ‪ (((((($‬‬‫ا&ن‪..‬‬

‫ع ا‪(( 1‬م ‪ ((* d(( /((,‬ه(( ^‪ A((4‬ه((‬

‫‪AE‬ح‪:‬‬

‫‪4:‬ن ‪..V&6 R^D‬‬ ‫ص‪.‬ا&& ‪:‬‬

‫أآد أ‪ d. d,‬وأ‪.. * R6‬‬

‫ و  (( &((ك ‪c((#‬ح ا&((ن‬‫و &‪ [. ../‬إ ‪$‬و&‪F‬‬ ‫ا^(((((‪((((( . ..‬ع *‪7ˆ (((((j‬ا‬ ‫&((((((((ول ا&((((((((ن ‪((((((((6X‬‬ ‫و‪G‬ب ‪ 6‬ة ‪7D‬ا‪...‬‬

‫‪..l‬‬

‫‪AE‬ح‪:‬‬

‫ ‪ F(((((:U.‬ا(((((د ‪ ((((($‬ا(((((ر‬‫‪#‬ر‪..‬‬

‫‪E‬ت‪:‬‬

‫‪$‬رف‪..‬‬

‫‪AE‬ح‪:‬‬

‫)‪ C‬و &‪F Qnj‬؟‬

‫ ‪((.‬زع ‪c((#‬ح ا (( ‪ $‬و‪/((H‬‬‫ا(((((((&‪/‬ار *‪(((((((V*7‬ا ‪(((((((6‬‬ ‫‪$‬و(((&‪ F‬ا^((( و‪-((( /(((H‬‬ ‫*‪ $((( F((( c‬آ‪E(((^ F(((6U‬‬ ‫‪  $ $‬ا‪&6‬ر‪..‬‬

‫*‪ $ ..  : :‬و‪ $‬أ‪/$‬ا (‬

‫‪AE‬ح‪:‬‬

‫رب‪..‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪237‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(181‬‬

‫دا ‪ /‬‬ ‫‪1 - A‬م وء‬

‫ و‪.‬ء ‪^ .  6‬ت ‪..[ $‬‬‫ و‪/((D‬ى ‪ (($ (( D‬آ(( ‪..‬‬‫وه((( *‪ [(((1‬ا>(((ات و‪(((.‬ء‬ ‫ا ((((‪ ..‬و‪$ (((( A/(((( ((((.‬‬ ‫ا&ن =‪7‬ه ‪..^$ .‬‬ ‫ ‪ C:‬و‪.‬ء‪..‬‬‫ و‪* A(($‬آ‪((:7‬ن =((‪-((^. ..‬‬‫ر‪..F‬‬ ‫  &(((((‪ /‬أ‪ F1^(((((#‬إ((((( ‪(((((H‬ص‬‫ا&(((((((ن &ا((((((( ‪?(((((((^1‬‬ ‫ ‪L‬ر‪H‬م‪..‬‬ ‫ و  (( ه(( *&(( ‪ /(( V‬و‪((.‬ء‬‫ا (((( ‪(((( U((((D‬ت ((((د‬ ‫‪ . F$‬ا&ن‪..‬‬

‫(( إن ‪((,‬ء ا ‪((:` ..‬ا ا ‪((1‬د واّ((‬

‫‪E‬ت‪:‬‬

‫إ‪F‬؟‬ ‫‪ [. -‬و‪/D‬ى ‪ $‬ات‪..‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫)*‪U‬ذا( *‪1‬د إ‪F‬؟‬

‫‪E‬ت‪:‬‬

‫ &(((ع ‪(((4‬ة ا (((‪ $‬ا‪(((: (((. (((,:‬ب‬ ‫ا<*م‬

‫ ‪((((((.‬زع و‪/((((((D‬ى ا (((((( ‪$‬‬‫ [‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪ C&.‬و‪.‬ء ‪ (.‬ر‪U( =:/(H‬رق‬‫و‪1: /H‬ى ‪7(D ($ =( H‬ء‬ ‫* ‪..=H‬‬ ‫‪238‬‬


โ€ซ โ€ช -^.โ€ฌุฑโ€ช..Fโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ ู† ุง&ู†โ€ช -.. ..โ€ฌุง โ€ช$โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ โ€ช..F&4โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ^(((((โ€ช/โ€ฌูˆ ]ู‡ย((((( ูˆู‡((((( *ุข(((((โ€ช7โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช>6โ€ฌุงโ€ช $ F:โ€ฌูˆโ€ช.โ€ฌุกโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ู† ุง&ู†โ€ช -.. ..โ€ฌุง โ€ช$โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช $ =6โ€ฌุงโ€ช=Vโ€ฌุฒโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ & โ€ช jโ€ฌู„ ุง ( โ€ช ย(.โ€ฌุฃุฑู‚โ€ฌโ€ซูˆุฉ ูˆุงโ€ช1โ€ฌู‚ &^โ€ช..F* Cโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ช C:โ€ฌูˆโ€ช.โ€ฌุกโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ โ€ช7&.โ€ฌุฏุงุฏ โ€ช..F&^$โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ &โ€ช) > F64* ย. gHโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ*ุขโ€ช7โ€ฌุง โ€ช..=H $ A$โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ชUV.โ€ฌุฉโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ โ€ช ..$( F:&(( -(nโ€ฌูˆ&โ€ชF((Vโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช..=&6โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ &โ€ช gHโ€ฌุฃ**= > โ€ช(Hโ€ฌุฉโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช ((Xโ€ฌุฅุฐุง ((โ€ช(( Fโ€ฌุด ุง ((&ุฉ โ€ช (($โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช..=2s =Hโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ูˆ (( *&^)ยˆ((โ€ช ((6 Uโ€ฌุงโ€ช^((jโ€ฌูƒโ€ฌโ€ซ&โ€ช..Fโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ  ((( โ€ช C(((:โ€ฌูˆโ€ช(((.โ€ฌุก ูˆโ€ช(((>6โ€ฌุงุชโ€ฌโ€ซุง &ุฉ โ€ช..=H $โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ูˆโ€ช /Hโ€ฌุง&โ€ช Rโ€ฌู‡ ุฅ=โ€ช. ..โ€ฌุฒุฏุงุฏุชโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช..F&^$โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ช %&.โ€ฌุงโ€ช^jโ€ฌูƒ โ€ช* $โ€ฌุงโ€ชF$โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช/(((^. -โ€ฌูˆ โ€ช(((Hโ€ฌุต ุงโ€ช 5 (((jโ€ฌูˆู‡(((โ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช239โ€ฌโ€ฌ


‫^‪7‬غ * وراء ‪ Q‬ا‪..[.L‬‬ ‫   ‪2‬ق إذ‪ (. F6‬ذه(ل‪..‬‬‫((((? &ا*(((( إ(((( (((( ‪1‬‬ ‫‪#‬ت ر‪ 6‬ا&‪6‬ت ‪(1 U‬د‬ ‫*‪ (((2 ((($ (((&n‬ا ^(((‪ 6‬‬ ‫ا&(((( ‪/((((^:‬و آ‪^((((,L‬ح أ*((((م‬ ‫‪H‬ص ا‪5 j‬‬ ‫ و‪U(((V.‬ة‪ F(((^& ..‬أ‪ ((($ ..(((G‬‬‫‪((#‬ت ((ر *‪((^* .((2‬‬ ‫* ‪ =D‬ا ‪..‬‬ ‫ ر *‪ * .2‬ا‪ j‬ل‪..‬‬‫ و ((‪/‬أت أ‪((D‬اس ا ‪((. .((2‬‬‫آ(((((‪(((((4* E‬ن ‪6((((( Q&(((((n:‬‬ ‫ا&‪6‬ت‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪ d((((((((  c((((((((.‬إ] أن =&((((((((‪7‬‬‫*&ا‪ H‬آ ( (‪/‬ب أ‪ F(6‬و‪-(H‬‬ ‫‪..{ { .‬‬ ‫ وأ‪(((((((((((((#‬ات ا‪(((((((((((((DL‬اس‬‫وا&‪6‬ت * & ة‪..‬‬ ‫ إ((( أن ‪ (((=>:‬أول د‪(((* (((H‬‬‫‪ $‬ا‪..1*V‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪240‬‬

‫–‬


‫ا&  )‪(182‬‬

‫ر ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫=‪ -‬ا‪-/ L‬‬

‫ ‪(($‬ب ((‪ $‬ا‪((j ((1*V‬‬‫إ(( اد(( ‪((j$‬ة وا((‪g‬‬ ‫)ود‪H‬ت ‪D‬س ‪ $‬ا‪ 1*V‬ه^&=‪..‬‬

‫)=ا(‪..‬‬

‫و((‪ Q((, ((. 5‬ا((ت إ] ‪((#‬ت‬ ‫د‪(=:H‬‬ ‫& ‪ =&:‬د‪H‬ت ‪ (^: c(. ..=D‬إ]‬ ‫ا‪H/‬ت ا‪ ^:‬ا‪( 6‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪241‬‬

‫–‬


โ€ซุง&  )โ€ช(183โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฑ โ€ช /โ€ฌุฑโ€ฌ โ€ซุง ุฑุน ุง&โ€ชfโ€ฌุฏู‰ ุฅโ€ช Eโ€ฌุง&โ€ช6โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ )โ€ช -2Hโ€ฌุฅ ูˆโ€ช -Hโ€ฌุงโ€ช/HLโ€ฌุงู… โ€ช(# * ]/โ€ฌุชโ€ฌโ€ซุฏโ€ชHโ€ฌุช ุงยุงโ€ช( 6โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ูˆโ€ช -((((((Hโ€ฌุฃโ€ช/((((((Hโ€ฌุงู… ูˆโ€ช((((((.โ€ฌุก โ€ช/((((((&:โ€ฌู…โ€ฌโ€ซ โ€ช (=1^&: ...cโ€ฌุฃโ€ช/(Hโ€ฌุงู… ูˆโ€ช/(Dโ€ฌู‰โ€ฌ โ€ซ)โ€ช/$  . R #โ€ฌุง ูˆโ€ช -Hโ€ฌุฃโ€ช/Hโ€ฌุง*= (โ€ฌ

โ€ซ)ุข `ู…(โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ช %&:โ€ฌุงโ€ช*4โ€ฌุง โ€ช=>.โ€ฌุงู† ูˆู‡ (โ€ฌโ€ซ&(((((((โ€ช*/โ€ฌู† โ€ช ((((((($โ€ฌุงโ€ช[((((((((2โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุงโ€ช(((((=V&* ..R(((((Lโ€ฌู† โ€ช(((((6โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุง   * โ€ชcโ€ฌู„ ุฐโ€ช dโ€ฌุงโ€ชjโ€ฌุฑุนโ€ฌ โ€ซุงโ€ชnโ€ฌูˆู‰ ุง ยŠุฏู‰ ุฅ ุง  โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ชcโ€ฌู† ุฅ *โ€ช E/โ€ฌุง  โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช#$% -โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช242โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€“โ€ฌ


โ€ซุง&  )โ€ช(184โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฑ โ€ช /โ€ฌุฑโ€ฌ โ€ซ  ุง&โ€ช6โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ)โ€ช(//, R #โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ูˆโ€ช((.โ€ฌุก โ€ช -((* g((H&:โ€ฌูˆโ€ช/((Dโ€ฌู‰ โ€ช/(($โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุง โ€ช12&  E/โ€ฌู†โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ช/((((^&.โ€ฌูˆ *(((( ูˆโ€ช>6 ((((=Dโ€ฌู‡ ((((โ€ฌโ€ซ*^(((โ€ช 6โ€ฌุง (((  ุง && โ€ชย(((. (((1โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช:โ€ฌุงโ€ช =#โ€ฌูˆโ€ช =64โ€ฌุงโ€ช(* (nโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุฃู‰ ุฉ โ€ช ..jโ€ฌุฅ] โ€ช(,โ€ฌุฐ ุฐูˆโ€ฌ โ€ซู‚ *โ€ช([(.: /( *) $2โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช ((((#6 /(((($ ((((1 Hโ€ฌุง ((((โ€ชE/โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ((((ู„ *&((((โ€ช((((6 A/(((( cโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซูˆโ€ช/Dโ€ฌู‰โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&=โ€ช/โ€ฌุฐโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ  * โ€ชc( - : H   ..โ€ฌูˆู‰โ€ฌ โ€ซุข&ุฉโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ูˆโ€ช(((.โ€ฌุก โ€ช(((=1^&. (((=) B(((U:โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซูˆโ€ช/((Dโ€ฌู‰ โ€ช ((sโ€ฌุฑโ€ช((Wโ€ฌุก ุฏูˆู† ุฃู†โ€ฌ โ€ซ>= = ุฐโ€ช..dโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ * ุฅู† ^&โ€ช/1โ€ฌุง โ€ช $โ€ฌุงโ€ช(jโ€ฌุฐ &( โ€ฌโ€ซ&((โ€ช Rโ€ฌุงโ€ช((jโ€ฌุฐ ุฅ= (( & ((ุคู„โ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช((Dโ€ฌุฏโ€ช(( ((( & &* ..โ€ฌุช ุฃโ€ชa(((Dโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช(((((# 5(((((4$ (((($โ€ฌุช ุงโ€ชLโ€ฌูˆู„โ€ฌ โ€ซุง & โ€ช..4โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&=โ€ช/โ€ฌุฐโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ูˆุฅุฐุง โ€ชjโ€ฌุฐ ุงโ€ช$Lโ€ฌุฌ (ุข_ *(โ€ฌโ€ซ*โ€ช $ * F64โ€ฌุฅ ุงโ€ช/โ€ฌุงโ€ช Eโ€ฌุฃโ€ช..Gโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ   โ€ช ย(.โ€ฌุงโ€ช (&n: (nโ€ฌูˆโ€ช(.โ€ฌุกโ€ฌโ€ซ*โ€ช -โ€ฌูˆโ€ช/Dโ€ฌู‰ โ€ช l /$โ€ฌุง โ€ช.E/โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช243โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช ..Lโ€ฌุฏู‰ ุงโ€ช1^) a* 4โ€ฌโ€ฌ


โ€ซโ€ช#$% -โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€“โ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&  )โ€ช(185โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฑ โ€ช /โ€ฌุฑโ€ฌ โ€ซุง&โ€ช.โ€ฌุฑู‚ โ€ช  /โ€ฌุง&โ€ช6โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ูˆโ€ช((.โ€ฌุก โ€ช /(Hโ€ฌูˆโ€ช/((D R((#โ€ฌู‰ ุฅ(( โ€ฌโ€ซ*((ู‚ โ€ช (( s((#โ€ฌุง ((ุงุชโ€ฌ โ€ซุงโ€ช..   Gโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ช/(((($ (((($^: ((((=>&.โ€ฌุฉ ูˆโ€ชA((((Dโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช.โ€ฌุงุฏู‰ * โ€ช gโ€ฌุงโ€ช/(Vโ€ฌุฑุงู† โ€ชย(.โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช/ -2:โ€ฌูˆ*=โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ูˆโ€ช/(((Dโ€ฌู‰ ูˆูˆโ€ช(((.โ€ฌุก  (((ู† ู‡(((โ€ชABโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุงโ€ช(((H&. A(((Dโ€ฌู† ูˆโ€ช(((^: /(((Hโ€ฌุฏ]โ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช(((>6โ€ฌุฉ (((โ€ชc((( (((X ..1โ€ฌู†โ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช>6โ€ฌู‡  = โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ช >6 -2โ€ฌูˆโ€ช/Dโ€ฌู‰ โ€ช ($โ€ฌุฑ(ู…โ€ฌโ€ซ)*((( ุฅ((( โ€ช((( ย(((. (E$โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช ^((($โ€ฌุฃ*(((ู… *(((โ€ช((( Eโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ(( โ€ช ..A((, ((=.โ€ฌูˆโ€ช/((^:โ€ฌูˆโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช $โ€ฌุงู… ุงโ€ช V1โ€ฌูˆุงโ€ช^1โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซูˆู‡ > โ€ช ย.โ€ฌุง โ€ช $โ€ฌูˆ(โ€ฌ โ€ซูˆุงโ€ช1โ€ฌู‚ &^โ€ช..F* Cโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ช F(((&6 F(((V&.โ€ฌูˆโ€ช/(((Dโ€ฌู‰ &((( โ€ฌโ€ซ(((โ€ช((( (((&* F((( gโ€ฌู‰โ€ฌ โ€ซุง ุง&  =โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ชUV.โ€ฌุฉ โ€ช $  ::โ€ฌูˆโ€ช F(Dโ€ฌูˆโ€ช/(Dโ€ฌู‰โ€ฌโ€ซุง & (((* )((( ูˆู‡((( &โ€ชE(((*Uโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช244โ€ฌโ€ฌ


‫ا((((‪ E((((&. ..‬و‪((((.‬ء إ(((( ‬ ‫‪((((((D‬ار‪(((((( &^&. 12&(((((( * A‬‬ ‫أ‪..G‬‬

‫را‪..-‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫ وا((((((((م ا‪((((((((. ^((((((((1‬‬‫ا((((((&‪V1‬ل ] &((((((‪ R‬وإ‪(((((( 6‬‬ ‫* &  ‪ .‬ا وا>( ‪(.‬‬ ‫‪..$‬‬

‫ا&م‪:‬‬

‫]زم أ((((([ أ((((((= ‪ E(((((^H‬ا ((((((‪$‬‬ ‫ا‪..,:‬‬

‫ ‪ -((2H‬إ(( ا(( ا‪f((. ((&7‬ذا‬‫ =(( ر(( *‪((= ((^4‬رة ‪((.‬‬ ‫ر‪ (((((ˆ. (((((* (((((H‬ا‪(((((j1‬ة‬ ‫‪=D‬ت‪..‬‬ ‫ و‪/(((((D‬ى &(((((ب *(((((‪((((((. F‬‬‫‪G.‬ل‪..‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫)‪ C‬وإ‪ F‬ا زا‪d6‬؟‬

‫ا&م‪:‬‬

‫ ‪ * /1‬أق ‪] 6‬زم ‪2‬ه( ‪ ($‬‬ ‫‪^H‬ى‪..‬‬

‫ ‪/((^.‬و ا]*&‪((1‬ض ‪ (($‬و‪F(((D‬‬‫و‪/D‬ى وه  ق ‪(>6‬ة إ( ‬ ‫و‪(((((((.‬ء‪/(((((((V. ..‬ه *&‪(((((((12‬‬ ‫ >ه((((((( =((((((( )‪1(((((((,‬ر‬ ‫ ‪..( s‬‬ ‫ ‪(^& ..(=* -2&.‬د]ن ‪(>6‬ة‬‫آ‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪((( V (((X‬ن ‪(((. R (((# (((.‬‬‫رآ(( *((‪ E‬ا ‪ (($ V‬ا^‪((H‬‬ ‫ا &‪X‬ة ا ‪/D‬ا‪..‬‬

‫)ه* ((( (( ‪((:‬ى دول ‪((H& ((D‬ا‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫و] &‪D‬ا؟‬

‫‪245‬‬


‫ ‪ 5((((6 ((((. (((( =&.‬ا>((((‬‫‪((#‬ت ((ار *(( ‪5((6 (($‬‬ ‫ا‪/((V‬ار ا ((&‪/‬ان إ((‪ F‬و‪((4‬‬ ‫*(((((( ا‪ ) g((((((n‬و*‪(((((( 6‬‬ ‫ر‪..(H‬‬

‫‪:9Nc.‬‬

‫‪.. 6‬‬

‫‪:85JF‬‬

‫‪  16‬روح ‪.. 6‬‬

‫‪:9Nc.‬‬

‫ا‪c &6‬ص ه‪ : :‬؟‬

‫‪:85JF‬‬

‫*‪1‬ك  روح ‪.. ^H‬‬

‫ و‪(((.‬ء ‪/(((D ((( &^:‬ى‪ ..‬وه(((‬‫‪_1& * /*D‬‬ ‫ ا‪ -2‬إ ‪ () (  (2‬‬‫)((ه( ا ((‪/‬ة ا‪L‬ر((&ا)‬ ‫ورأ((= ‪/((# (($‬ر ‪ ((`.‬‬ ‫)‪c((((#‬ح ذو ا((((ر( ا‪E((((D‬‬ ‫ا‪L‬ر((((((&ا) واره ((((((‬ ‫* & ‪..‬‬

‫‪:9Nc.‬‬

‫‪c 1‬ص ه‪ E 6‬ر ؟‬

‫‪:85JF‬‬

‫ر  ‪.. s‬‬

‫‪:9Nc.‬‬

‫)‪. C‬آة ‪ 6  V/‬؟‬

‫‪:85JF‬‬

‫ا‪/n‬ا*؟‬

‫‪:9Nc.‬‬

‫أ((‪ ..A‬ه(( آ‪/ %((# R((6‬ا*((‪5(( ..‬‬ ‫* ‪ E 6 * E^H‬ر   ‪.. 6‬‬

‫ ‪ U(D: ( 6‬و‪ R(&:‬و‪F1(:‬‬‫ ‪/j‬ة‪..‬‬

‫‪:85JF‬‬

‫)*‪ (s‬أ‪ 6‬آن ‪5 ^H‬‬

‫‪:9Nc.‬‬

‫)*==( (‪/‬ل *( ‪  (G& *( :‬‬ ‫(( ‪(( 6‬؟ ‪7‬و*((‪ F‬إ((‪F‬؟ أ‪ ((6 R((H ((6‬‬ ‫   *‪/ _1 -‬ل * ‪F($ C(&6‬‬ ‫‪..:l .‬‬

‫‪246‬‬


‫ ‪ ((((( 6 F(((((=&.‬أ‪(((((. (((((G‬‬‫)‪..‬‬

‫((( ^^((( ((( ‪*((( * .. (((`.‬ك (((‬

‫‪:85JF‬‬

‫^^ ‪* * ..‬ك‪(, ($ 5( ..‬ط (‬ ‫‪.. `.‬‬ ‫‪:9Nc.‬‬

‫) و*‪ ((((( 6‬ا(((( ‪*Š((((:‬ى ((((‪(((( F‬‬ ‫^^& ‪..‬‬

‫‪:85JF‬‬

‫‪, $‬ط ا‪ R6‬آ ن ‪.. * :‬‬

‫‪^&. -‬ق ‪ A$‬ذه] و`>‪..‬‬

‫‪:9Nc.‬‬

‫أ*‪d‬؟ دا أ‪ 6‬آ‪. R‬آك‪..‬‬

‫‪  6 F1)&. -‬دح‪..‬‬

‫‪:85JF‬‬

‫‪.‬آ‪ 6‬إ(‪F‬؟‪(. ..‬ق  (‪.. (`. ( d‬‬ ‫أ*((ل آ((‪ -./((& R‬ا ((‪((* Q‬؟ ا^((‪/‬ل‬ ‫ &^ (((= *(((؟ دا إ((( دا((( ‪ ((($‬‬ ‫‪(((((l‬ة و*(((((‪ a‬دا‪((((( %(((((G ((((($‬‬ ‫‪.. `.‬‬

‫‪:9Nc.‬‬

‫)* &  ( ‪.. 6  RH.‬‬

‫‪:85JF‬‬

‫) ==( *  ‪.. `.‬‬

‫ ‪G& X‬ن ‪..^H .‬‬‫‪ -2H -* -‬إ و‪/D‬ى آ ‪&s‬ظ‬

‫ه اس ه‪ =G1 %* :‬واّ إ‪F‬؟‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ ‪/((((((^ ((((((X‬و ‪ F(((((($‬ا]ر‪((((((:‬ح‬‫وا]((&ء وه(( ‪ ((G‬و‪((.‬ء‬ ‫أآ‪..‬‬

‫أ‪(($ a((* ((6‬رف ا((س ‪(($‬وزة ‪((:‬ق‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫‪F = 6‬؟‬ ‫ ‪UV.‬ة ‪ C=:‬و‪.‬ء *&‪ ($ (G‬‬‫‪ ,‬ء * * أ**=‪..‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫إ‪ F. F‬إ‪F‬؟‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫ { ‪..F$‬‬

‫ أ((((((‪ /‬ا ‪((((((D‬د )أده(((((((‬‫و‪(((((&s* F((((($‬ن &‪(((((2‬‬ ‫*= ((((( ا‪(((((j‬ر ‪ (((((.‬ا‪A(((((V:‬‬

‫‪247‬‬


‫ا ‪..E/‬‬ ‫ ‪f((((.‬ذا ا((((‪B‬ى >(((( إ((((‪ F‬ه((((‬‫ا(((‪7‬وج ‪ [(((.:‬ا(((‪..c^(((* H/‬‬ ‫و‪$‬ن * ‪..gH:‬‬ ‫ ‪$ (((((((&:‬ه (((((((‪[(((((((.: ..‬‬‫وأده‪..‬‬ ‫ وأده(( ((‪/‬أ ((‪ g‬آ(( `((‪E‬‬‫*‪(((&4‬م ‪ [(((.: (((6‬ا ‪/((( V‬‬ ‫‪..F64* .‬‬ ‫‪ -‬و‪.‬ء ‪ .‬ذ‪..$‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫)ه* ( دا ه ‪..F:‬‬

‫‪:T.7‬‬

‫أ‪ E^H d&, 6‬آ‪..A/‬‬

‫أده ‪:‬‬

‫) =‪/‬وء( إزاى ا ‪/‬ام؟‬

‫ ‪(((^&.‬ق ‪ ..[(((.: ((($‬و‪F(((4‬‬‫(((‪$‬ن *((( ‪ )U(((2‬رأ(((‪..F‬‬ ‫‪2& .‬د أده ‪#f‬ار‪..‬‬

‫أده ‪:‬‬

‫ا ‪/‬ام أ^ره إ‪F‬؟‬

‫‪:T.7‬‬

‫ا ‪/‬ام *؟‬

‫أده ‪:‬‬

‫ه‪Q^1& 6‬؟‬

‫‪:T.7‬‬

‫ا‪=.1: R6‬؟‬

‫أده ‪:‬‬

‫ ((‪HU‬ل إ((‪c(( ((* ..F‬ش ا((‪ g‬وا((‪/‬وران‬ ‫د‪..A‬‬ ‫أ‪ ((6‬ا(( *‪/((j‬ود ((‪ ((. d‬آ((‪..A/‬‬

‫‪:T.7‬‬

‫ ((((‪((((H a((((* 5‬در ا‪((((4&.‬ك‪ ..‬أر‪((((D‬آ ‬ ‫‪.. 4.‬‬ ‫أ‪ 6‬ا آ‪ -* R‬ا ‪/‬ام ‪ .‬ا‪L‬و‪..FW‬‬

‫أده ‪:‬‬

‫  (( ‪ C((s [((.:‬أ((‪((. A‬‬‫اد‪..‬‬

‫‪:T.7‬‬

‫* ا‪&6‬ا آ&‪ ..‬أر‪D‬ك ‪.‬آ‪.. 6‬‬

‫أده ‪:‬‬

‫أ‪ 6‬ا *آ&‪. a‬ه إ‪] 6‬زم أد‪-.‬‬

‫‪248‬‬


‫إ‪..C1‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ ‪/^&.‬ر ا&‪( :‬ج *( ‪[(.:‬‬‫‪ (((6‬و‪/(((D‬ى‪F((( d(((G. ..‬‬ ‫و‪/D‬ى ^‪c‬ه‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪ [(((.: C((s.‬أ(((‪* A‬ا‪(((=D‬‬‫ ‪U‬ده‪..‬‬

‫*((((( ه((((( (((((‪ R‬آ&(((((‪ ..‬أر‪(((((D‬ك‬

‫‪:T.7‬‬

‫‪.‬آ‪.. 6‬‬ ‫) ‪ ([((G‬أ‪ ((6‬ا(( &(( ‪R(( =. ((* /((1‬‬

‫أده ‪:‬‬

‫ ‪ * FW‬د‪..a&1.‬‬ ‫‪ s&. -‬و‪ [.: FD‬إ ‪/D‬‬

‫‪l‬ه( دى ا( *( ا‪ (=. a&( n:‬آ&(‪..‬‬

‫‪:T.7‬‬

‫ ‪ 64. 5‬أ‪ R6‬أ‪ =6‬وا‪=. /‬؟‬ ‫) ا*( أ‪ 6‬ا ^ & ‪  =:‬ا ‪H‬‬

‫أده ‪:‬‬

‫&= و& ا‪..RV :‬‬ ‫ ‪B&.‬آ ‪UV. [.:‬ة *‪ ^s‬أ‪A‬‬‫و‪ F1(((((W‬و‪ F(((((V‬و*‪F(((((:61‬‬ ‫ا‪//j‬ة‪..‬‬

‫ا‪4&.‬ت‬

‫‪:T.7‬‬

‫ وإذا (((‪ /‬أده((( و‪ /(((H‬ار‪R(((1:‬‬‫  ((ة ((‪ ..[((.: -‬و‪((4‬‬ ‫‪= A/ R: [.: /‬رة‪..‬‬

‫) ‪ (g(((1‬ا(((‪/‬ك ((( ‪ ..)(((,‬دى (((‬

‫‪:T.7‬‬

‫ ‪ =. {n6 D‬ذ‪.. 6‬‬ ‫ ‪  &^.‬أده ا & * ‪(#‬اء‪..‬‬‫‪ 54((( [(((.: E(((1V:‬رأ(((‪..F‬‬ ‫‪ /((( .‬أده((( (((‪ (((6 A/‬ذ‪F(((H‬‬ ‫*و] أن ‪ -(.‬و‪ F(=D‬و‪(4‬‬ ‫‪ F(($ _((n [((.:‬أآ((‪..‬‬ ‫‪ C .‬أده ‪..A/‬‬

‫‪  :‬أق ‪1* 6‬ك؟‬

‫‪:T.7‬‬

‫‪ R((( . -‬أده((( ‪ ((($‬آ&(((‪(((X F‬‬

‫‪249‬‬


โ€ซู โ€ช7:โ€ฌุงู†โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ช ($ [(.: F^&.โ€ฌุงโ€ช(6โ€ฌุงโ€ช..F.โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช=.โ€ฌูˆู„โ€ชB* ย. F1^& ..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ  (( ุงุฑโ€ช (( :โ€ฌุง*&โ€ช((1โ€ฌุถ ุงโ€ชย…((sโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช $โ€ฌูˆโ€ช/(Dโ€ฌู‰ ูˆู‡( (โ€ช Qโ€ฌูˆโ€ช(.โ€ฌุกโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ชBโ€ฌุฑุงโ€ชl ย. F$โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซู‡(( ุง((ุณ ู‡((โ€ช&:โ€ฌู‚ *((โ€ช =((G1 -โ€ฌูˆุงู‘((โ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆ ู‰โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฅโ€ชFโ€ฌุŸโ€ฌ โ€ซ ุฏูˆู† ุฃู† (((โ€ช/โ€ฌุฑู‰ (((โ€ช*/โ€ฌุน ูˆโ€ช(((.โ€ฌุกโ€ฌโ€ซุง&(( โ€ช ((= &4:โ€ฌูˆโ€ชXU((: /((Hโ€ฌุช *((โ€ฌ โ€ซุง โ€ช gHโ€ฌุง  [โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช#$% -โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช250โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€“โ€ฌ


โ€ซุง&  )โ€ช(186โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฑ โ€ช /โ€ฌุฑโ€ฌ โ€ซ  ุง&โ€ช6โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ โ€ช /(((($โ€ฌุง ((((โ€ช(((( E((((: E/โ€ฌุฑุฉโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช ..)(((,โ€ฌูˆ*((( ุฅู† =((( ุฑโ€ช(((Dโ€ฌู„โ€ฌ โ€ซุง^((((((โ€ช7(((((( 5โ€ฌูˆู„โ€ช ((((((& ..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ &โ€ช Q W =Hโ€ฌุขู† *โ€ชยˆ^&nโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&โ€ช:4โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฃโ€ช/$ 6โ€ฌู‰ ุงโ€ช&Hโ€ฌุงุญโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช Wdโ€ฌุง&โ€ช5โ€ฌุฑุฉโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุงโ€ชEG:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&โ€ช:4โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฃโ€ช g((, ((6โ€ฌุฃโ€ช&(( : ((46โ€ฌุง ู‡(( ((? *((โ€ฌ โ€ซ((((โ€ช ((((. ((((` E/((((: aโ€ฌุง>((((โ€ฌ โ€ซุงโ€ช 7D ..Dโ€ฌุง โ€ช) ^ E&: Eโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช Wdโ€ฌุง&โ€ช5โ€ฌุฑุฉโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช $โ€ฌุง โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ โ€ช 56 ย.โ€ฌุง>( (โ€ช=($ E/โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุง * ุงโ€ช/โ€ฌุฑ* โ€ช ..โ€ฌูˆ ^ ()โ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ชUโ€ฌู„ ุงโ€ช..Q Gโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง& ุฑโ€ช:9NNโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆุง *((( โ€ช ..d(((G.โ€ฌู‡((( ุง((( *(((โ€ชaโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช * =/โ€ฌู‡ โ€ชFWโ€ฌุŸโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&โ€ช:4โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฃโ€ช Aโ€ฌุงโ€ช * EG:โ€ฌู‡ โ€ช/Hโ€ฌุง*โ€ช) $ dโ€ฌู„โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง& ุฑโ€ช:9NNโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ*&โ€ช4jโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ูˆ(((((ู ุง(((((โ€ช/โ€ฌุฑ* ุฅ((((( โ€ฌโ€ซุงโ€ช/โ€ฌุงโ€ช ) ย. Eโ€ฌูˆโ€ช..Xโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช#$% -โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช251โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€“โ€ฌ


โ€ซุง&  )โ€ช(187โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฑ โ€ช /โ€ฌุฑโ€ฌ โ€ซุง&โ€ช .โ€ฌู‚ โ€ช  /โ€ฌุง&โ€ช6โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ูˆโ€ช.โ€ฌุก โ€ช(, > ย.โ€ฌูˆุฏู‡ โ€ช ($โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช/#โ€ฌุฑ ูˆโ€ช/Dโ€ฌู‰โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ  ((( ู‡((( *ุข(((โ€ช(((=. F((($ 7โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ&โ€ช ((((=*Uโ€ฌุฏูˆู† ุฃู† โ€ช/((((:โ€ฌุฑู‰ ((((โ€ช..Fโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ชf(((.โ€ฌุฐุง = ((( ูˆโ€ช /(((Hโ€ฌุงโ€ช ((($ (((=^&6โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช((#โ€ฌุช =((โ€ช g(( ((* Cโ€ฌุฃ((โ€ช/โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุงโ€ช/Vโ€ฌุฑุงู†โ€ฌ โ€ซ ุง ((((โ€ช gโ€ฌุง โ€ช ((((* 5&((((nโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ*=โ€ช..cโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ*โ€ช C) ..4 * aโ€ฌุงโ€ช R6โ€ฌุฅโ€ช Fโ€ฌุง โ€ชd^Dโ€ฌุŸโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช:9โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ โ€ชf((.โ€ฌุฐุง โ€ช *((  F((D* F((ย/โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุง((((((((โ€ช/โ€ฌุฑ* ุง((((((((โ€ชBโ€ฌู‰ ูˆโ€ชE((((((((#โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ช2nโ€ฌุงโ€ช F(((:โ€ฌุงุงโ€ช((( (((Xโ€ฌุฏ โ€ชF((($โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ^ ) โ€ช//,โ€ฌุฉโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง& ุฑโ€ช:9NNโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุงโ€ชR6โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช:9โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฃโ€ช6โ€ฌุŸโ€ช/H ..โ€ฌูƒ ุงโ€ช,โ€ฌุฉ โ€ช 1โ€ฌุŸโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง& ุฑโ€ช:9NNโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ุฑโ€ช..Rโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ  (( &^ ((โ€ช Qโ€ฌุง((โ€ช/โ€ฌุฑ* โ€ช(( Dโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ (((((&โ€ช /โ€ฌุฅ((((( ุงโ€ช/(((((Vโ€ฌุงุฑ ูˆ*โ€ชF(((((1โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ*((((((((((((( โ€ช ..โ€ฌูˆุง(((((((((((((โ€ช/โ€ฌุฑ* โ€ฌ โ€ซ &โ€ช..Eโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง& ุฑโ€ช:9NNโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุงโ€ช ((((4โ€ฌูˆ*(((( โ€ช ..((((=.โ€ฌุงู† *((((โ€ช aโ€ฌุงโ€ช((((:โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช&nโ€ฌุง โ€ช ($โ€ฌุฃโ€ช d(6โ€ฌุง& (โ€ช (& =* (4 Rโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุข * ุขโ€ช R6โ€ฌุฃโ€ช 6โ€ฌุฃ (ุฃูƒโ€ช (  ..โ€ฌุงโ€ชR(1:โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซูˆุข((โ€ช ((& =* R(( ..(( 6 Eโ€ฌุฃโ€ช ((6โ€ฌุฃ)โ€ชd((1โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ*โ€ชVโ€ฌู… ูˆุงโ€ช /W gHโ€ฌุงุกโ€ช ..d:โ€ฌุง ุŸ )โ€ช Cโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช252โ€ฌโ€ฌ


‫ ‪ A((((4‬ر‪((((*  R((((1D‬ة ‪ 6((((:‬وا‪R((((6‬‬ ‫‪((((j$ ((((&D‬ن أ‪:‬ا‪5(((((6 ((((. d((((1.‬‬ ‫ا‪ ..G‬هر‪ -D‬أ أك؟ ه ‪($ C1‬ل‬ ‫واّ(( إ((‪F‬؟ ا ((‪ U‬ه‪ R((H .. ((:7‬أ((ق‬ ‫‪ 6‬وأ{‬ ‫ ‪..4W * V.‬‬‫‪ -‬و=_ * * &‪2‬دا‪..‬‬

‫ا& ر‪:9NN‬‬

‫ &‪ F$ dG‬إ‪F‬؟‬

‫‪:9‬‬

‫أ ‪/‬ا‪ $ ..‬إذ‪..d6‬‬

‫‪:9‬‬

‫‪ ((2 ((4‬دى ^(( ‪ F((.‬أ*((‪ E‬أ‪((&$‬‬ ‫‪(( (($‬دة ا ((‪ $((& /‬ه((‪ ..‬و*((‪a‬‬ ‫ ‪ /1‬أ]‪ 5V* H‬ا<دارة‪..‬‬

‫ و*(((‪ -‬ا‪(((6‬اف *((( إ((( ‬‫ا(((((((‪/‬ا‪ F(((((((1^& ..E‬و‪/(((((((D‬ى‬ ‫ >ا‪..F:‬‬ ‫‪2:   -‬ق و‪.‬ء  ‪..=1‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫دا هوح ‪ AD .‬د‪A‬؟‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫أ‪ 1*((( (((6‬أ‪(((#‬ات ‪(((6‬س ‪ ((($ A(((D‬‬ ‫‪4.‬ة‪j6 V:* ..‬ف‪..‬‬

‫ و‪ E((((((^H‬أن ((((((د ‪ ..((((((=$‬إذا‬‫ ‪/((U‬ه ‪ 5((V‬إ(( ‪((D‬ار‪..A‬‬ ‫‪  /* B :‬ا‪ . \&L‬ا (‬ ‫&((‪/‬ث إ((= آ&^((‪)(( ^ E‬‬ ‫و`^ء‪..‬‬

‫)ا& ((‪ B‬ا‪ (\((&L‬أ‪ (( = /(( 5(( (( ((6‬‬

‫‪:UF‬‬

‫ا((ق (( ا&((ر‪ x‬وا ((ب *((‪ a‬ه((‬ ‫ق ‪.. 6‬‬ ‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ ‪c‬م‪..‬‬

‫‪:UF‬‬

‫‪ Al‬وا ‪..‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫)*‪ . F&s& /‬ا (‪ :‬وه‪d( 6 C1&:‬‬ ‫و‪ C((1&:‬ا((س *‪((1‬ك ((‪F‬؟‪a((* d(( ..‬‬ ‫‪.‬ه أ ‬

‫‪253‬‬


‫‪:UF‬‬

‫ه ‪/* Es&j& d:G‬رس؟‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫‪L‬‬

‫‪:UF‬‬

‫)((((‪ C‬ا‪ ((((,‬ا((((ق (((( ا&((((ر‪x‬‬ ‫وا ب‪.‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫‪/* a* d&H‬رس  ‪..V‬‬

‫‪:UF‬‬

‫أ*(((ل ه‪ (((j:‬إزاى  ((( ا‪a(((* R(((6‬‬ ‫*‪/‬رس؟‬ ‫)* &‪7‬ا( أ‪  d&, 6‬ا  و] ‪R(D‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫‪d&6‬؟‬ ‫‪:UF‬‬

‫*‪ a‬ا‪ R6‬ا &ل؟‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫‪ RH‬إ‪F‬؟‬

‫‪:UF‬‬

‫ا(( ا‪ R((6‬آ(‪ F((& R‬دا د((‪ &H‬آ((‪..A/‬‬ ‫)و‪UV.‬ة(‪ ..‬ه ا‪* R6‬؟‬

‫ ‪ 7((((V.‬و‪/((((D‬ى ‪ (((($‬أ((((‪F6‬‬‫* &‪ ((((G1‬وه(((( ((((=_ ‪((((.‬‬ ‫‪ C  F&^$‬و‪.‬ء هو ‪..‬‬ ‫  و‪.‬ء‪..‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ و‪.‬ن إ ا‪/‬ا‪E‬‬‫  ((( >((( (((‪((( =&6 56‬‬‫ ‪/6‬هش ‪(G X‬ب آ( ‪ ($‬‬ ‫آ‪..g‬‬

‫  ‪..{ ^` F$‬‬

‫‪:UF‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪254‬‬

‫–‬


โ€ซุง&  )โ€ช(188โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฑ โ€ช /โ€ฌุฑโ€ฌ โ€ซุง&โ€ชGโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง[ูˆู„ " ุง&โ€ช6โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ูˆโ€ช/Dโ€ฌู‰ ูˆูˆโ€ช.โ€ฌุก ูˆโ€ช c`(: /(Hโ€ฌุฅ( โ€ฌโ€ซุง ((( ุง&((( ((( ุง ((( โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช(1 V: (j&4.โ€ฌุช ุฃ(ู‰ `((โ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช ((((( ย(((((. (((((Hโ€ฌุง(((((&ุกโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช(((=> /&((( * ((( Dโ€ฌุฑู‡โ€ฌ โ€ซุฅ โ€ช/Dโ€ฌุฑุงู† ุง  โ€ช ..โ€ฌูˆุง^โ€ช_1โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ (( โ€ช ย((.โ€ฌุง ((ุงุชโ€ช((. ..โ€ฌุงุฏู‰โ€ฌ โ€ซุฃูˆ ุง^โ€ช -* _1โ€ฌุงย’โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ูˆโ€ช ((((((((($โ€ฌูˆโ€ช/(((((((((Dโ€ฌู‰ ูˆูˆโ€ช(((((((((.โ€ฌุกโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช12&(( :โ€ฌู† โ€ช((G. ย((.โ€ฌู„ ูˆโ€ช/(($โ€ฌู…โ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช ..=.โ€ฌูˆโ€ช/( /(Hโ€ฌุฃ ุง& (ุคู„ &โ€ช7โ€ฌุง(โ€ช/โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช ((((($โ€ฌูˆโ€ช(((((ย4 F(((((=Dโ€ฌุฉ ุงโ€ช/(((((1โ€ฌุฏโ€ฌ โ€ซุง&โ€ช7โ€ฌุงุฒุงโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆ ู‰โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฏูˆู„ * ุฏูˆู„ุŸโ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆโ€ช.โ€ฌุกโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุงุณ ุง ู‡โ€ช:โ€ฌู‚ โ€ช..= 6โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆ ู‰โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ" โ€ช "ย…sโ€ฌูˆโ€ชHโ€ฌุง โ€ชF = 6โ€ฌุŸโ€ฌ

โ€ซ โ€ช R&&.โ€ฌุฅ(โ€ช Fโ€ฌูˆโ€ช(.โ€ฌุก (&โ€ชsโ€ฌุงุจโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซูˆู‡ ] โ€ช/โ€ฌุฑู‰ &โ€ช(  ..=&:โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ชj:โ€ฌุฏ ู‡ ูˆโ€ช:โ€ฌุฏโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆุงโ€ช /(( %((Wโ€ฌุฏ((โ€ช Hโ€ฌุฃู† โ€ช ((* ((Dโ€ฌุฃ((โ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆโ€ช.โ€ฌุกโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุงุณโ€ช ..โ€ฌุงโ€ช .. Gโ€ฌู‡  ุง( โ€ช (Dโ€ฌุง ุข(โ€ชEโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุงุณ ุฏู‰ ู‡โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ช^&.โ€ฌู‚ โ€ช $โ€ฌูˆโ€ช/(Dโ€ฌู‰ ูˆโ€ช( /(Hโ€ฌู‚โ€ฌโ€ซุง&โ€ช ((:โ€ฌุฅ=(( โ€ช((1 ((Xโ€ฌูˆุฏ โ€ชF((12:โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุฅ(((( ุง&โ€ช((((1 Vโ€ฌุช โ€ช ย((((.โ€ฌุฐู‡((((ู„โ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช255โ€ฌโ€ฌ


â&#x20AC;«â&#x20AC;ª1 F1./â&#x20AC;¬Ø¯ Ø¥ â&#x20AC;ª(1* ( Hâ&#x20AC;¬â&#x20AC;¬ â&#x20AC;«â&#x20AC;ª F(( %((&:â&#x20AC;¬Ø±Ø¤(( â&#x20AC;ªg((j4: ((*$â&#x20AC;¬â&#x20AC;¬ â&#x20AC;«*â&#x20AC;ª /â&#x20AC;¬Ø§   Ø¢=â&#x20AC;ª..â&#x20AC;¬â&#x20AC;¬ â&#x20AC;« â&#x20AC;ª F1^&&.â&#x20AC;¬Ù&#x2C6;â&#x20AC;ª.â&#x20AC;¬Ø¡ â&#x20AC;ª.. $Lâ&#x20AC;¬â&#x20AC;¬â&#x20AC;«â&#x20AC;ª#$% -â&#x20AC;¬â&#x20AC;¬

â&#x20AC;«â&#x20AC;ª256â&#x20AC;¬â&#x20AC;¬

â&#x20AC;«â&#x20AC;&#x201C;â&#x20AC;¬


โ€ซุง&  )โ€ช(189โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฑ โ€ช /โ€ฌุฑโ€ฌ โ€ซุฃ โ€ช Z -G%โ€ฌุง&โ€ช6โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ุงโ€ช*((((((4โ€ฌุง โ€ช E^&(((((( :โ€ฌูˆโ€ช/((((((Dโ€ฌู‰โ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช/$#โ€ฌุง =โ€ช F1^&: ..โ€ฌูˆโ€ช.โ€ฌุกโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ & &โ€ช gHโ€ฌูˆโ€ช/(Dโ€ฌู‰ โ€ช( H ($โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุง ุฉ *&^ โ€ช..-2: ย.โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ชf.โ€ฌุฐุง โ€ช /โ€ฌุง (  *( ูˆโ€ช(=Dโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช/((j ((=1 D ((/4* A((>6โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุฑู‡โ€ชB F^ Cโ€ฌู‡ู„โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ช 56 ย.โ€ฌุง>( โ€ช F(^&:โ€ฌุงโ€ช(1โ€ฌู†โ€ฌโ€ซุง โ€ช ย(((. (((/4โ€ฌุง (((ุงุช ุฅ((( โ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช1((((#โ€ฌุฏโ€ช Aโ€ฌุง ((((โ€ช ย((((. ยDโ€ฌู‡((((โ€ชBโ€ฌุงโ€ฌ โ€ซุง]ุฑโ€ช:โ€ฌุนโ€ช R(&. ..โ€ฌุงโ€ชย(. -( Vโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช R #โ€ฌูˆุงู‡& ู…โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช#$% -โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช257โ€ฌโ€ฌ

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โ€ซุง&  )โ€ช(190โ€ฌโ€ฌ

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โ€ซุง&  )โ€ช(193โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฑ โ€ช /โ€ฌุฑโ€ฌ โ€ซุฃ โ€ช Z -G%โ€ฌุง&โ€ช6โ€ฌโ€ฌ

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‫‪262‬‬

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‫‪264‬‬

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โ€ซโ€ช((4. (($โ€ฌุฉ ุงโ€ช R((6โ€ฌุงโ€ช((s:โ€ฌุช โ€ช (($โ€ฌุฃ((ู… *((โ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆโ€ช.โ€ฌุกโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช..d&.$โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช gH&. -โ€ฌูˆโ€ช/Dโ€ฌู‰ *&& ุฅ=โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฃ(((ู…ุŸ ุฃ(((ู… ุฅ(((โ€ชFโ€ฌุŸโ€ช ..โ€ฌุฏุง ุข=((( โ€ช$((( 24โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆ ู‰โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช265โ€ฌโ€ฌ


‫*آ ش & ‪..‬‬ ‫)  & * ر‪ ((H‬ا‪ =(  R(6‬آ(‪A/‬؟‪..‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫ ‪ ..541‬أ‪ (6‬آ(‪ 5( R‬ا‪$ (6‬ر‪(.‬ك‬ ‫*   و‪/D‬ى‪..‬‬ ‫)*‪$B‬را( آ& ؟‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ ‪ _n&(((.‬و‪(((.‬ء (((ه ‪(((.‬‬‫ة‪..‬‬

‫*‪$ a‬ر‪  F.‬و‪/D‬ى‪..‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫ و‪ ((> ((.‬ذ‪ A(($‬و‪..F((:‬‬‫ (‪ ((>6 -‬و‪/((D‬ى ‪ (($ (($‬‬ ‫‪(((&.‬ة =((( *‪ (((1‬ا>((( (((‪F‬‬ ‫وه((( ‪(((,=* (((=64* (((& X‬‬ ‫ا‪ 1((j‬و‪(( * ((= D (($‬‬ ‫ Šس *‪ = c* -‬ا(ة ‪/(D‬ا‬ ‫)ة ‪(E/H‬‬ ‫ ‪ (((>.‬إ=((( و‪/(((D‬ى & (((ؤل‬‫واه& م‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪ ((( &^&.‬ا&(((ة ا(((ة (((ى‬‫ا & * ر‪/D H‬ى‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪f.‬ذا ‪&s F‬ظ & *( ‪..F( 6‬‬‫‪ C((( .‬و‪(((.‬ء *((( ذرا‪(((=$‬‬ ‫هر ‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪f(((((.‬ذا (((((ى ا(((((ة ‪(((((=:‬‬‫ ‪ ((((((. F((((((&c‬رو*‪(((((( 6‬‬ ‫*) و‪..R # .‬‬ ‫ و‪ ((4‬و‪/((D‬ى *(( إن ^((‪/‬أ ‪((.‬‬‫‪:‬آ‪>6 7‬ا‪ $ F:‬و‪.‬ء ا&( ‬ ‫‪((( (((G. ((( :‬ه ‪(((.‬‬

‫‪266‬‬


‫‪ /(j (& 4:‬ا‪ A(^&6‬و‪/(D‬ى‬ ‫د((((ل ((((رة أ‪. ((((6‬ره((((‬ ‫ا‪2‬ل‪E/(* /$ gH&: X ..‬‬ ‫ا ((( ‪f(((.‬ذا ‪) E((D‬ا‪((((1‬‬ ‫ه(( ا((‪B‬ى ((‪7‬ل *=((‪c*(( ..‬‬ ‫*‪4‬و(((((((‪4‬ب‪ ..‬و‪(((((((H‬ار‬ ‫و*‪.. n‬‬ ‫   ار‪  :‬ا([ ‪ ($‬و‪F(D‬‬‫و‪/D‬ى  ‪U‬ل و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫)(((‪/(((: C‬رى ‪ (((*B (((:‬دا ‪(((D‬ى‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ق ‪F F 6‬؟‬ ‫*(( ه(( ا ((^ ا(( ‪ ((.‬د*`((‪ d‬إ‪d((6‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫‪.‬ه إن اس ه آ‪..D E‬‬ ‫‪ -‬و‪ /H‬أع و‪/D‬ى إ ا‪1‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫) &^‪ 1 (%V‬إ‪F‬؟‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫‪ ((( =.‬إ‪/(((: ..R(((6‬ر ‪ (((:‬ه(((‪:‬ق‬ ‫‪F d 6‬؟‬

‫ ‪((.‬د ا‪((j ((1‬ود وإ ((س‬‫ ‪: >1‬‬

‫ا&& ‪:‬‬

‫")ر" & *ن ‪..FD‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ ‪=6‬رك ا =^‪..C‬‬

‫ ‪ R(((((&.‬و‪/(((((D‬ى إ((((( و‪(((((.‬ء‬‫ ‪..F: j‬‬

‫‪ &.,‬؟ (& *(ن‪..F(D &( a(* ..‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ه اس‪ ((1 (X) ..‬و‪($‬وز ‪C(^=:‬‬ ‫ = إ‪ F‬ا & *ن؟‬ ‫ا&& ‪:‬‬

‫أ‪]l R = E $‬ف *ر‪..‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ ‪c‬م‬

‫ا&& ‪:‬‬

‫ ‪..1‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ ‪..1‬‬

‫ا&& ‪:‬‬

‫‪((($‬وز (((& *(((ن أ‪ =((( B(((6‬أ‪(((>$‬‬

‫‪267‬‬


โ€ซุง&ุงุน "ูˆโ€ช "F #โ€ฌุงโ€ช1โ€ฌู…โ€ช$ ..โ€ฌูˆุฒโ€ฌ โ€ซ ูˆโ€ช /Hโ€ฌุงโ€ช Bn:โ€ฌุงโ€ช(, () 1โ€ฌุฑุฏุงโ€ฌโ€ซุข โ€ช((Vโ€ฌู†  ((โ€ช4* Eโ€ฌูˆ((โ€ชF 4โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซูˆุฃุฏูˆุงโ€ช F((:โ€ฌุง โ€ช((* (( 1โ€ฌุฏุฏุง โ€ชย(((.โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช,โ€ฌูˆุฏโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ& *ู†โ€ช* & ..โ€ฌู†โ€ช* & ..โ€ฌู†โ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&& โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ูˆุฃโ€ช((>6โ€ฌุฑ ูˆโ€ช/((Dโ€ฌู‰ ูˆูˆโ€ช((.โ€ฌุก โ€ชF((1^&:โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ (((((โ€ช [(((((1: cโ€ฌูˆุข(((((โ€ช dBโ€ฌุฃโ€ช(((((>6โ€ฌุฑโ€ฌ โ€ซุงุณโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ช 5((6 ย((.โ€ฌุง>(( ุง&(( โ€ช((1:โ€ฌุฏโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช (((((((((=.โ€ฌุงโ€ช(((((((((>6Lโ€ฌุฑ *& โ€ช(((((((((1โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ"ุงโ€ช(( 4โ€ฌุฑู‰" ุง((โ€ชBโ€ฌู‰ ^((โ€ช((* Eโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช 5((6โ€ฌุงโ€ช A((V:โ€ฌุงโ€ช((6โ€ฌุงู ุงโ€ช..((1โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซูˆุงโ€ช(( 4โ€ฌุฑู‰ โ€ช F(( cโ€ฌุงโ€ช((4โ€ฌุข โ€ฌ โ€ซ*(((^โ€ช((( cโ€ฌุฑโ€ช F:โ€ฌูˆู‡((( (((ุฒุนโ€ฌ โ€ซุง&(((โ€ชBโ€ฌุงุข *โ€ช ((($ (((6Vโ€ฌุงโ€ช-((( Vโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซูˆู‡ โ€ช, ย.โ€ฌูˆุฏ *โ€ชBโ€ฌู‡ู„โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&)โ€ช5โ€ฌุฑู‰โ€ช :โ€ฌูˆุฑู‚โ€ชB: ..โ€ฌุงุขโ€ชa(12H * / ..โ€ฌุŸ ุง)(โ€ช( -โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุฃ(((โ€ช (((. (((, C((( .. 2โ€ฌุง โ€ช(((2โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุงโ€ช..Vโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ูˆุงโ€ช E(((((#โ€ฌุงโ€ช((((( 4โ€ฌุฑู‰ ู‡(((((โ€ชBโ€ฌุงโ€ฌโ€ซ โ€ช ..F((((6Uโ€ฌูˆโ€ช/(((( /((((Hโ€ฌุฃ ุง]((((&โ€ชsโ€ฌุงุจโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช ((($ ((( :โ€ฌูˆโ€ช A(((Dโ€ฌุงโ€ช-((( Vโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซูˆู‡ โ€ชBUโ€ฌูˆู† *โ€ช Fโ€ฌุง&โ€ชBโ€ฌุงุขโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&)โ€ช5โ€ฌุฑู‰โ€ช :โ€ฌูˆุฑู‚โ€ชB: ..โ€ฌุงุขโ€ช(* .. ()H  6V* ..โ€ฌุฉโ€ฌ โ€ซ (((ุด ูˆ*(((ุฉ โ€ช ..(((,โ€ฌุง(((ุณ โ€ช/(((Hโ€ฌุงู…โ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช $โ€ฌูˆ โ€ชB: ..$ /1โ€ฌุงุขโ€ช ..โ€ฌุขโ€ช(4โ€ฌุง (โ€ช:/โ€ฌุงโ€ฌ โ€ซ(( โ€ช((Gโ€ฌุงุชุŸโ€ช(($ ..โ€ฌุฑโ€ช 4.โ€ฌูˆุง((โ€ช /โ€ฌูˆุง((โ€ช../โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซูˆุฑู‚ ุง ู‡ูƒ โ€ช CDโ€ฌุง (ุงู‚โ€ชC( ..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซู… ุงโ€ช ..(((jโ€ฌุฃูˆโ€ช((($โ€ฌุง ((((โ€ช((( /โ€ฌู„ โ€ช((((6โ€ฌุฒู„โ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช268โ€ฌโ€ฌ


โ€ซุง โ€ช 2โ€ฌุงโ€ช ..Vโ€ฌูˆุฑู‚โ€ชB: ..โ€ฌุงุขโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ูˆโ€ช ย… */$โ€ฌุง&โ€ชsโ€ฌุงุจ ุงุณโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช..Qnjโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&)โ€ช5โ€ฌุฑู‰โ€ช :โ€ฌุฅ((โ€ชFโ€ฌุŸ *((โ€ช4โ€ฌุŸ * ((&โ€ชF((  sโ€ฌุŸ ุข ((ุฑู‰โ€ฌ โ€ซู‡ (ู‚ โ€ช (W ..F( 6โ€ฌู‰ ุข( โ€ช(=. ..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช ((Dโ€ฌุฏู‰ุŸ ุง)((โ€ช (( -โ€ฌุฃ((โ€ช ((* .. 2โ€ฌุข&((โ€ฌ โ€ซ`^((( ุข(((โ€ช -(((* ((( H Rโ€ฌุงโ€ช (((. (((jโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุงโ€ช D =. ..5 :Lโ€ฌุฏู‰ุŸโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ูˆโ€ชLโ€ฌู† ((ยŠุงโ€ช/((D F((D* Fโ€ฌู‰โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช ABU.โ€ฌูˆโ€ช/Dโ€ฌู‰ โ€ช/(H ($โ€ฌุฑ โ€ชF($โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช ย.โ€ฌุงุฏโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช=* Lโ€ฌุด โ€ช Dโ€ฌุฏู‰โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆ ู‰โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&)โ€ช5โ€ฌุฑู‰โ€ช/&*) :โ€ฌุง( โ€ช ..=. Lโ€ฌุงโ€ช/(H ($ 6/(& R6โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช $โ€ฌูˆุงู‘ ุงโ€ช R6โ€ฌุง ุง* ุŸโ€ฌ โ€ซ)*โ€ชUโ€ฌุฐุง( ุง* ุŸโ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆ ู‰โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&)โ€ช5โ€ฌุฑู‰โ€ช :โ€ฌูˆ& ุง* ุข ู†โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ูˆุข((((ุฏ ุฃู† โ€ช ((((4 4^&((((jโ€ฌูˆโ€ช((((.โ€ฌุกโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช :โ€ฌุน &โ€ช.. =nโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช E& . -โ€ฌุงโ€ช 4โ€ฌุฑู‰โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฏุง ุขโ€ชcโ€ฌู… โ€ช$ D  FWโ€ฌุŸโ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆโ€ช.โ€ฌุกโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&)โ€ช5โ€ฌุฑู‰โ€ช :โ€ฌุฅุฐุง ุขู† ุง &&โ€ชF^` /7 F&>* Ejโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุฃุขย(( *(( โ€ช ((^ ..โ€ฌุฃโ€ช R(( $ ((6โ€ฌุฅ((โ€ช((` Fโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุง(((โ€ช C6Bโ€ฌุง((( ุฑุข^((( โ€ช ..โ€ฌุฃ`((( ((( ุฑุจโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ชB((((:โ€ฌุงุข ((((โ€ช((((6 /โ€ฌุฒู„ ุง โ€ช ((((2โ€ฌุงโ€ช((((Vโ€ฌุŸโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ)ุง  ุฃโ€ช.. 2โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ูˆุง(((ุณ (((โ€ช ((( Fโ€ฌุฃ(((โ€ช6โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซูˆ &โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ูˆุงโ€ช*((4โ€ฌุง โ€ชE/((* ((& F((1 &:โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุง (( &โ€ช((1โ€ฌุฏ *& โ€ช ((1โ€ฌุง>=((ุฑโ€ฌ โ€ซุง ((((((โ€ช((((((  5((((((1 ยDโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ*&โ€ช 2 Uโ€ฌุฐุฑุงุน โ€ช$โ€ฌูˆ&โ€ช Fโ€ฌุฑ(โ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช269โ€ฌโ€ฌ


‫وه((((((( ‪ 5((((((( c‬و)(((((((‬ ‫ا‪((((((.7‬ف‪((((((  ?(((((( ..‬ان‬ ‫ ‪((((((((2n‬ة ‪ ((((((((/D‬وآ= ((((((((‬ ‫)*‪^$ ^* : * -‬رة‬

‫‪,‬ردان‪..‬‬

‫‪ (($‬د‪((.‬ف ا‪/((  ((.7‬ة و((‪ A/‬إ‪(($‬‬ ‫وا‪/‬ة‪ X ..‬و‪/‬ة إ‪ ($‬أ(ى *(رش‬ ‫‪4 $‬ى‪ X ..‬ا‪./‬ف‪ ..‬وه‪B4‬ا &ا (‬ ‫ ا*(((أة ‪(((1‬ب ‪(((`7:‬د = (((‪..‬‬‫‪((((.‬د =((((  ((((  & ((((*‬ ‫وا‪(((((6‬ءة ار(((((&ا) ‪(((((X‬‬ ‫‪1‬ود ‪..A‬‬ ‫ ‪f((.‬ذا ((‪U‬زواج ‪(($‬ن *= ((‬‫ ((((((‪ 5‬ا‪((((((=> ((((((2‬ون‬ ‫*&‪ ..((((j‬و ((((‪(((() 5‬‬ ‫ا‪j‬ود‪..‬‬ ‫ *((((((‪ -‬ا‪ -((((((2‬إ(((((( و‪/((((((D‬ى‬‫*&‪B 4G‬ا‪..D‬‬

‫دا زى *(((( ‪((((4‬ن ‪ ((((.‬آ*((((‪/‬ى‪ ..‬دى‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫‪ dG: D‬وا  ‪/D‬ع‪..‬‬ ‫ وو‪((((.‬ء ‪((((,‬ردة ‪((((  ..F(((($‬‬‫ا&‪ R‬ه أ‪(X‬ء ‪-(H. F&4(W‬‬ ‫‪(((" ((($ ((($ A(((>6‬ى"‬ ‫اا‪(((H ((($ (((H‬ب‪C(((6. ..‬‬ ‫و‪ F(((((=D‬إ((((( ‪((((( :‬ؤل ‪/(((((D‬ى‬ ‫ *&‪1‬ض‪..‬‬

‫)ه*   ‪ (F‬ه ‪ F.‬إ‪Q^> F‬؟‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ ‪ /(( B((U.‬و‪((.‬ء *((‪ .‬إ(( ‬‫ا  ا& ‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪270‬‬

‫–‬


271


โ€ซุง&  )โ€ช(197โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฑ โ€ช /โ€ฌุฑโ€ฌ โ€ซุง&โ€ชGโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุงโ€ช " hiโ€ฌุง&โ€ช6โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ุง ((((((((((((((ุฑ ุง(((((((((((((( โ€ฌโ€ซุงโ€ช`(((((:โ€ฌุงโ€ช .โ€ฌูˆู‡((((( &(((((โ€ช7.โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ช*(((((((4โ€ฌุง ูˆุง(((((((โ€ชcโ€ฌุด (((((((โ€ฌ โ€ซุง โ€ช(((($ Vโ€ฌุช ุง &((((โ€ชXโ€ฌุฉ โ€ชย((((.โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ*ูˆ โ€ช:โ€ฌู‡ โ€ช(jH ย.โ€ฌุชโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช* ((#โ€ฌุข((โ€ช7โ€ฌุง โ€ชA((: ย((.โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช (($โ€ฌุฑุข(( *โ€ช$(( ((1โ€ฌู† *((โ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช F((. g((j&46โ€ฌุง((โ€ช/โ€ฌุข&ุฑ ุงโ€ช((jโ€ฌุจโ€ฌ โ€ซ(((  ูˆู‡(((  ((( ((( โ€ชF&$โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุงโ€ช ^2โ€ฌูˆู„ ุฃู† โ€ช(^) g(j4โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช $โ€ฌุขโ€ช:=   * Eโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง& ุขโ€ช#โ€ฌุฑโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุงโ€ชV  gj4โ€ฌู†โ€ช ..โ€ฌูˆุงโ€ช DLโ€ฌูˆุงยุงุจ โ€ช/($โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุง โ€ช/$  ..โ€ฌูˆู‰โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ุฃ(((โ€ช/โ€ฌู‡ โ€ช F((( U(((Dโ€ฌูˆู‡(((  (((โ€ช/โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุง โ€ชFU( . F($ g(j4 $โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุงโ€ช..n 6 EDโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ*(((โ€ช aโ€ฌู‡(((โ€ช((( d:ยˆ((( ((($ (((4: [:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&โ€ช:Iโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฏุข&ุฑโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช E/&. -โ€ฌุงโ€ชV1โ€ฌุฒ ุง โ€ชVโ€ฌูˆุฑโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง& ุขโ€ช#โ€ฌุฑโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุงโ€ช DLโ€ฌูˆุงยุงุจ โ€ช /$โ€ฌุง โ€ช/$  ..โ€ฌูˆู‰โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&ุฒโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ(( ุฑุงโ€ช a((: ((* E((Dโ€ฌุข((โ€ช ..A/โ€ฌุงู† ุงโ€ช(( $Lโ€ฌู„โ€ฌ โ€ซ ((ุชโ€ช (( ((1: ..โ€ฌุฏุข&((ุฑ ุงุขโ€ช (($ g((jโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุฃโ€ชl ..((6โ€ฌู‡(( ุงุง((โ€ช (( 2 F((W /โ€ฌุฃโ€ช F((6โ€ฌู‡((โ€ฌ โ€ซ ุช โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ โ€ช .โ€ฌุน ุฅโ€ช Fโ€ฌุง(โ€ช/โ€ฌุข&ุฑ ( โ€ชF&$โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช272โ€ฌโ€ฌ


‫‪/(((((# ((((($ g(((((j4‬ر‪(((((. A‬‬ ‫ س‪..‬‬

‫ا& آ‪#‬ر‪:‬‬

‫ا‪ DL‬وااب ‪ /$‬ا ‪/$  ..‬وى‪..‬‬

‫ ‪ (((((=>.‬و‪/(((((D‬ى *(((((‪ -‬و‪(((((.‬ء‬‫‪^H‬ن ‪H $‬ب‪..‬‬

‫)(((‪ (((  C‬د‪ C((() ..(((4 * A‬ا(((س دى‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ه‪:‬ق ‪F = 6‬؟‬ ‫ ‪ >:‬إ‪ F‬و‪.‬ء و‪(* R( =. /(H‬‬‫‪ E &1‬دا‪ E‬و‪/(D‬ى *( ‪(4.‬ة‬ ‫ا&ا‪ ..-((D‬و‪/(($ ((=:>6 ((.‬م‬ ‫ر‪ ..((W‬و‪ ((4‬و‪/((D‬ى ‪ E((^H‬أن‬ ‫(((((… ‪(((((= (((((j (((((=:>6‬‬ ‫ ‪..$‬‬

‫  ‪..  ..‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ ? ‪ .‬ه‪ AB‬ا>(ت ا&(‪R‬‬‫ا((‪/‬آ&ر ا‪((j‬ب (( ‪f((. ..‬ذا‬ ‫ ‪(((((1‬ن ر‪(((((. F(((((^H: (((((H‬‬ ‫‪((G:‬ع و((‪ ..C‬ا‪F((&^2 ((=6‬‬ ‫‪/(($‬ة‪ ..‬و‪((>6 (( X‬ات = ((‬ ‫‪ ((= (( =.‬ا(( ا ‪((*&4‬‬ ‫ا& ‪/&:‬رج ‪ $‬و‪.. ==D‬‬ ‫ و((((‪$‬ن *(((( ‪((((2‬ن إ(((( ‬‫ ‪..D  =G1‬‬ ‫ &‪G‬ن‪..‬‬‫ و‪ (((^H‬ا(((ن ا(((رة‪ ((($ ..‬‬‫*أى * ا‪..- V‬‬ ‫ وإذا ((‪1‬ن آ=(( ‪((. C((H:‬‬‫ا (((( ه((((‪B‬ا ا((((ء ا((((ر‪..‬‬ ‫وو‪/(((D‬ى ‪ ((($ ((( ::‬و‪F(((=D‬‬ ‫ا & ((*‪ ..‬و((‪$‬ن *(( >((‬

‫‪273‬‬


โ€ซ โ€ช (((2โ€ฌุงโ€ช 4(((Gโ€ฌุฅ((( ูˆโ€ช(((.โ€ฌุกโ€ฌ โ€ซ)ูˆุขโ€ช (((((=1* ((((( & F(((((6Uโ€ฌู‡(((((โ€ชABโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุง>(((((((โ€ช ..โ€ฌูˆโ€ช((((((1โ€ฌุฏ *ุงโ€ช((((((^Hโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ช   gHโ€ฌูˆโ€ช.โ€ฌุก โ€ช,โ€ฌุฑุฏุฉโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ  (( ^((โ€ช((, Eโ€ฌุจ ูˆโ€ช-((. F((:&.โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช>6โ€ฌู‡ ((( โ€ช ((($โ€ฌุง^((( ุง(((ุฑุฉโ€ฌ โ€ซ (( ((  ูˆโ€ช/(($โ€ฌุฉโ€ช(((^&. ..โ€ฌุฏู„โ€ฌ โ€ซุงโ€ช(((jโ€ฌุจ โ€ช(((>6โ€ฌุฉ  & (((* *(((โ€ช-โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช ..F((:&.โ€ฌูˆุฅุฐุง = (( ูˆโ€ช /((Hโ€ฌุงโ€ช((4 =6โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช ^H ย.โ€ฌุฑุฉ โ€ช$โ€ฌู† *( โ€ช/(j:โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุงโ€ช>6Lโ€ฌุฑโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ช ( j&&.โ€ฌุงโ€ช -( Vโ€ฌุง & (*ุชโ€ฌโ€ซ*โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ูˆูˆโ€ช/((((((Dโ€ฌู‰ ((((((โ€ช 5โ€ฌุง & ((((((*&โ€ชFโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุงโ€ช $ 7V 2โ€ฌุฃ(โ€ชย(. F6โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุง> ุฅ( ูˆโ€ช(.โ€ฌุก ูˆู‡( โ€ช(,โ€ฌุฑุฏุฉโ€ฌ โ€ซ  & * ุฑโ€ช..Hโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ูˆุฅุฐุง โ€ช((GLโ€ฌู† ูˆุง((^โ€ชcโ€ฌุช โ€ช/((Hโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ ((โ€ช/โ€ฌุฃุช โ€ช((^ ((j&:โ€ฌุงุกุฉ ุงโ€ชg((21โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซูˆุงู†  ุง &(  โ€ช(2โ€ฌู„โ€ฌ โ€ซุง โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ูˆโ€ชU((((((((D* (((((((( ::โ€ฌุฉ ุงโ€ชย…((((((((sโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุงโ€ช ((($ (((2โ€ฌูˆโ€ช F(((Dโ€ฌูˆโ€ช/(((Dโ€ฌู‰โ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช %(  */$โ€ฌู‡(โ€ชBโ€ฌุง ุง โ€ช /=(jโ€ฌูˆู‡(โ€ฌ โ€ซ*&((ู‚ โ€ช H((,โ€ฌุฅ(( ูˆโ€ช((.โ€ฌุก ุง&(( โ€ฌ โ€ซ(((( โ€ช/((((^. ..F(((( 1((((j: /((((1:โ€ฌู„โ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช>6โ€ฌุงโ€ช (((( F((((:โ€ฌุง โ€ช /=((((jโ€ฌูˆ ((((โ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช274โ€ฌโ€ฌ


‫و‪.‬ء‪(. F(  5( = (& ..‬‬ ‫ ‪4‬ء ) ‪..‬‬

‫)*‪ ((((&s‬ه((( ا(((س ه‪:‬آ(((‪=(((G1 E‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫واّ إ‪F‬؟‬ ‫ و‪:‬آ(((‪ 7‬ا‪*(((4‬ا ‪(((, ((($‬ب‬‫)‪4.‬ى ‪#‬دق( ^‪/‬و *(‪$B‬را‬ ‫آ‪L‬ه^((‪ E‬وه(( &((‪..F(( R‬‬ ‫‪ (( H ((. -./(( ((X‬ذ‪ A(($‬إ(( ‬ ‫ا  ا& ‪.‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪275‬‬

‫–‬


โ€ซุง&  )โ€ช(198โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฑ โ€ช /โ€ฌุฑโ€ฌ โ€ซุง&โ€ชGโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง[ูˆู„ " ุง&โ€ช6โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ุงโ€ชLโ€ฌู‡^(((โ€ช E/((( Eโ€ฌุง ((( *(((โ€ช1./โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ โ€ช ย. % A$Bโ€ฌุงุณโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง((ุณ ุง(( ู‡((ูƒ ุข=(( โ€ช((^ (( $โ€ฌุงโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง\ู‡(โ€ช:Iโ€ฌโ€ฌ

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โ€ซูˆุง* โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆุง โ€ช /$Hโ€ฌุขโ€ช/โ€ฌู‡โ€ชFโ€ฌุŸโ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆุง* โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ โ€ช=6โ€ฌุฑ ุฃุฏโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุงุฃุฉโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุงโ€ชDโ€ฌู‰   ุฏุฉโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฑโ€ช:Iโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ โ€ช/  Rโ€ฌุฉโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช:Beโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช .โ€ฌุฒโ€ช..Cโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง\ู‡(โ€ช:Iโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช..V/ ..V/โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ   ุงโ€ชLโ€ฌู‡^โ€ช..?^ 1./* Eโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ โ€ช R&&.โ€ฌุฅโ€ช ..(V/ Fโ€ฌูˆู‡( โ€ชย(.โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช  Hโ€ฌู‡โ€ช (G. FDโ€ฌู† โ€ช(^H ย(.โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุฑุฉ ) ุข ุง โ€ช(1โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ูˆุฅุฐุง ุณ โ€ช ย.โ€ฌุง  ุขโ€ช Fโ€ฌูˆโ€ช/Hโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช (((((((((((Gโ€ฌุง โ€ช_(((((((((((1 ย(((((((((((.โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุข โ€ช$Bโ€ฌุฑโ€ช^ ..โ€ฌู† โ€ช=(G1โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ) ุข ุง โ€ช..(1โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ  (((( โ€ช:โ€ฌุข((((โ€ช 7โ€ฌุงโ€ช*((((4โ€ฌุง โ€ช (((($โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุฑโ€ช EDโ€ฌุฃู‡^(โ€ช(ย %( (l Eโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ*โ€ช$Bโ€ฌุฑุงโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง  โ€ช..j$โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&โ€ช:Iโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ูˆโ€ช /Hโ€ฌุงโ€ช -./6โ€ฌุฅ *  โ€ช..lโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช#$% -โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช276โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€“โ€ฌ


‫ا&  )‪(199‬‬

‫ر ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫ا&‪G‬‬

‫ا‪ " hi‬ا&‪6‬‬

‫ و‪((((.‬ء *‪ ((((1‬ا>(((( ‪/=((((j‬‬‫ا^((‪ E‬آ *(( ‪..((=64* ((.‬‬ ‫)ا& آ ا‪1‬د(‬ ‫ وو‪/(((D‬ى &(((‪ R‬إ=(((  (((‬‫)دون أن ‪((((:‬ا‪/((((^. (A‬أ ((((ب‬ ‫و‪/(((( ((((* F((((=D‬ه‪ ..‬و‪((((=4‬‬ ‫ و‪1(((j: ] F(( ^((  E((.‬‬ ‫ ‪..F‬‬ ‫ وه ب ‪ (=* F&,‬أآ(‪..‬‬‫&((  ((^‪ F(($ E‬و‪ /((H‬آ((دت‬ ‫‪/(( 5((*c: A&((,‬ه ‪5((6 ((.‬‬ ‫ا>((( ا&((( ‪:‬آ(((‪ R‬و‪(((.‬ء‬ ‫آ * *‪/(j‬وه‪( ( & F‬‬ ‫ا &  و‪ =$ .‬د*‪..1‬‬ ‫ وه * &  ‪F($ ^( : .‬‬‫وا]‪(((((&H‬اب )دون أن (((((‪/‬رى‬ ‫أ‪ =6‬ا &‪/1‬ت( & ‪HB( 1j‬‬ ‫‪(j:‬آ‪ ?(( ..F‬ا‪ C(2‬ا((‬ ‫أ ‪, /‬ردا &^‪ -‬و‪.‬ء‪..‬‬ ‫‪ [. -‬و‪/D‬ى *‪U‬ذا *‪B‬ه]‬

‫أ* ‪:‬‬

‫ ^=‪ ..‬وف ‪ ^H‬آ ^=‪..‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫)ه* ( ه ‪ E‬إ‪..Q^> F‬‬

‫  (((( ‪(((( ((((=>:‬ى ‪:‬ا‪F((((^H‬‬‫و‪ F((c:‬وه(( ] ((‪/‬رى =((‪..‬‬

‫‪277‬‬


โ€ซ? &โ€ช $ ย Rโ€ฌูˆโ€ช.โ€ฌุกโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ูˆุง โ€ช((=> ((   &(( * /=((jโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช((6โ€ฌุญ *((^โ€ช ((* cโ€ฌุงโ€ช[((j ((nโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ)((((( (((((= โ€ช(((((. ย(((((.โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ*&โ€ช ((((VDUโ€ฌูˆู‡(((( * ((((&  โ€ชย((((.โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ`โ€ช Fโ€ฌุง  โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ูˆูˆโ€ช((((.โ€ฌุก โ€ช (((( (((( :โ€ฌุง &(((( โ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช((((16 C((((H:โ€ฌู„ ((((ุฑ ูˆู‡(((( โ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช - ((j&:โ€ฌุงโ€ช(( 4โ€ฌุช ุง((ุฏโ€ช((* Hโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุง &  *&โ€ชXโ€ฌุฉ ู‡ ูˆู‡ูƒโ€ฌ

โ€ซ)]*ุฃุฉ( ุฃโ€ช 4. R^ 6โ€ฌุง<โ€ชcโ€ฌุต ุง โ€ฌ

โ€ซุฑโ€ช:Iโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช $โ€ฌู‰ * ุฏโ€ชc RHโ€ฌูˆโ€ช..F:โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ)&โ€ช(((((# (((((4. R(((((^ (F(((((:โ€ฌุง&โ€ช..dโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ?ุจโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุงโ€ช/โ€ฌู‚โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ)&ู‡(  * ุขู† โ€ช ( 6โ€ฌุฃุข(ู† ุข(โ€ช(* A/โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุงุฃุฉโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฒ*ู†โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุงโ€ช &6โ€ฌุฏโ€ช &Hโ€ฌุขโ€ช A/โ€ฌูˆุฃุข& ^^& โ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช#.โ€ฌู‡โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช&) โ€“ $ A&.โ€ฌู‡(  ^^ โ€ฌ โ€ซุฑโ€ช Iโ€ฌุฃ?โ€ช fโ€ฌุฃโ€ช:TFโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฃโ€ช (((6โ€ฌุฏ(((โ€ช ย((( 6 R((( &Hโ€ฌุง((( ุขโ€ชR(((6โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช..1Wโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ูˆโ€ช(((((6โ€ฌุญ *โ€ชF(((((` ย(((((. [(((((2โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ &โ€ช/โ€ฌุฑุฌ ูˆุงโ€ช %Wโ€ฌุง ุณโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ช1&(( : ((Xโ€ฌุถ ุงโ€ช*((4โ€ฌุง *โ€ช/=((jโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุง(((((^โ€ชcโ€ฌุช *((((( ูˆโ€ช(((((>6 (((((=Dโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซูˆโ€ช/(((Dโ€ฌู‰ &((( โ€ช E(((:โ€ฌุงโ€ช*(((4โ€ฌุงโ€ฌ โ€ซุฅ ูˆโ€ช.โ€ฌุก ุง&( *ุฒุง(โ€ชC(H: Rโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช ย((((.โ€ฌุงโ€ช (((((=16โ€ฌุง((((ุฑโ€ชf(((((. ..โ€ฌุฐุงโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ช C((2โ€ฌุฃ ((โ€ช /โ€ฌุง(( &^โ€ช((=1โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช278โ€ฌโ€ฌ


‫و=‪ . = E& 6‬ه ‪..5‬‬

‫أ* ‪:‬‬

‫‪  & B$‬و‪.‬ء‪..d^ ..‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫آ   أ ‪../‬‬

‫أ* ‪:‬‬

‫دى ‪ > l‬ف ‪..:‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫أ‪((($ (((6‬وز‪ A‬أ*(((ت وأ‪ .(((# (((^H (((6‬‬ ‫*‪=.‬ش `‪  a‬أ ‪../‬‬

‫ ‪ R((&: ((X‬إ((‪ F‬و‪((.‬ء ‪ ((.‬ر‪((H‬‬‫‪#‬د‪..H‬‬

‫ا‪Ff d‬؟  ‪d(&6 (D (^H .‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫*(( آ((‪ R‬أ ‪ .. ((  d(($ E((n‬أ‪(((* ((6‬‬ ‫ (((ش = ((( ‪(((* ((( = (((4 ..(((D‬‬ ‫أآ(((‪ ((( 6 ((($ a /‬أو ‪(((` ((($‬ى‪..‬‬ ‫‪c‬ص‪..‬‬ ‫ و&‪((((H‬ن >(((( *&ا‪((((=D‬ن‬‫^‪ .. =(((G1‬وه((( ‪ (((>:‬إ(((‪F‬‬ ‫‪..g)1: .‬‬ ‫‪  =^H   -‬و‪/D‬ى  ‪..‬‬

‫ه إ‪ F‬ا ‪Q^> E‬؟‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ و*‪ /=(((j‬ا(((^‪c‬ت * (((&  ‪(((.‬‬‫ا‪ FH/(((( ((((n‬ا‪((((V‬رف‪..‬‬ ‫‪ [2.‬أ ‪, /‬ردا‪..‬‬

‫ ^=‪ ..‬وف ‪ ^H‬آ ^=‪..‬‬

‫أ* ‪:‬‬

‫ و( و‪/((D‬ى و‪..((61* F((=D‬‬‫و‪ (((> (((.‬ا(((&‪/‬ار‪U(((D F:‬‬ ‫ ى ‪ .‬و‪F=D‬‬ ‫ ‪ (((((((&&.‬ا>(((((((ات = (((((((‬‫>((‪ ..‬و((‪$‬ن *(( ‪((V‬‬ ‫‪..2, =.‬‬

‫إ‪$ F‬وز‪ A‬إ‪F‬؟‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ ‪ B((((Š&.‬ه(((( ‪ ..‬و‪((((. [(((( &:‬‬‫)  ‪..‬‬ ‫‪ -‬وإذا = ‪/$ F j:‬ة إ‪,‬رات‬

‫‪279‬‬


‫‪ g(((((((j&4.‬أ‪((((((( (((((((=6‬ء‪..‬‬ ‫‪..2.‬‬ ‫ ‪  &^:‬ه و‪/( /(H‬أت ‪F( (j:‬‬‫أ‪..F^: =6‬‬

‫‪N‬ى‪:‬‬

‫ ‪ U‬أأأأأأ وأأأأأأ‬

‫‪:=. Qnj. -‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫و‪/D‬ى ‪ U‬أأ واء إ‪F‬؟‬

‫ ‪..%W: 6X F j&.‬‬‫‪ -‬وه د ا‪..‬‬

‫ ‪c‬م‪ (^& ..‬؟ ‪ R( =. Al‬ا‪a(* (&6‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ &‪((. (($‬س‪ ..4((j&* C(() ..‬أ‪E((#‬‬ ‫أ‪ (((6‬آ (((ن *(((‪(((& a‬ع ‪(((.‬س‪ ..‬ا (((‪c‬م‬ ‫‪..4$‬‬ ‫ ‪&.‬آ=‪ 5ˆ&^:   ..‬ه( ‪(.‬‬‫‪..l‬‬ ‫ و‪ 5((6 ((.‬ا>(( ((‪ R‬ا‪((>6L‬ر‬‫‪((((#‬ت ‪((((D‬س ‪((((2 (((( $‬ر‬ ‫* &  *‪= -‬ر ا‪2‬ر دا(‪c‬‬ ‫ا (( ‪ ..F(() [((j‬وا‪((2‬ر‬ ‫*‪/4‬س ‪/1‬د آ^ *( ‪(&.‬ت ا(‪E‬‬ ‫اات‬

‫ وا‪((>6L‬ر آ=(( ‪ F((V&:‬إ((=‪..‬‬‫& &‪ gH‬ا‪2‬ر‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪7&.‬ل * ا‪2‬ر ا*(أة ‪(V$‬ز‬‫‪2 (((((,‬ء و‪ (((((4‬و‪7(((((* (((((==D‬‬ ‫  آج ‪ ..F(. \(^* E4j‬وه( ‬ ‫‪ j:‬إ ا&ت =‪*l V‬ة‪..‬‬

‫ا&ز‪:‬‬

‫(( (( ((‪ R‬ا‪ ((&6‬وه(( ‪ ..‬ا(( *((‪d‬‬ ‫=‪..‬‬

‫ ‪((^&.‬در أو=(( (( ((‪7‬ول‬‫وه *&‪V‬‬

‫‪((D‬ى إ((‪ (( F‬و((‪ F‬ا‪ (( ((&6‬و((‪F‬؟ ا‪ ((&6‬‬

‫‪:83‬‬

‫‪280‬‬


โ€ซูˆุฑุงโ€ช 6โ€ฌูˆุฑุงโ€ช . 6โ€ฌุงุฉ ูˆุง ุชโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุง&ุฒโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ  โ€ช R  d6โ€ฌุงโ€ช.. &6โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช:83โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ุงโ€ช..d6  &6โ€ฌู‡( ู‘ ุงโ€ช (&=) (&6โ€ฌูโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช, * &j$โ€ฌุŸโ€ฌ

โ€ซ  ((( โ€ช7(((6 - (((&:โ€ฌูˆ=โ€ช ..โ€ฌูˆู‡(((โ€ฌโ€ซ &โ€ชs&( = 12โ€ฌุงุจโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ&(((( ((((โ€ช7โ€ฌู„ โ€ช((((lโ€ฌู‡ โ€ช((((,โ€ฌุจโ€ฌ โ€ซ*โ€ช..5nโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&โ€ช:U3gโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ) ^โ€ชc (6โ€ฌุตุŸโ€ช ..โ€ฌู‡โ€ชH:โ€ฌุงุŸโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ูˆูˆโ€ช((.โ€ฌุก โ€ช((&:โ€ฌุจ *((= *&((โ€ฌโ€ซูˆโ€ชDโ€ฌู‡= โ€ช* ย.โ€ฌูˆ ุง&โ€ช(1โ€ฌูโ€ฌ โ€ซูˆุง& (((((ุคู„โ€ช(((((=ยˆD: (((((& ..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซูˆุงโ€ช/โ€ฌุฉ *= ""โ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฃ  ูˆโ€ช.โ€ฌุกุŸ ุงโ€ช &6โ€ฌุข ู† โ€ช &Dโ€ฌุŸโ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆโ€ช.โ€ฌุกโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ*((ุŸ ((ุŸ โ€ช((nโ€ฌุจ โ€ช ..d(($โ€ฌุฅ((โ€ช Fโ€ฌุง(( โ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ชd Dโ€ฌุŸโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช -โ€ฌูˆโ€ช/Dโ€ฌู‰ * โ€ชF  1* /1โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง โ€ช   D d Dโ€ฌุฃ โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆ ู‰โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฃู‡โ€ช ..cโ€ฌุงโ€ชjโ€ฌุข ุงโ€ชยˆj *1โ€ฌู† ุงโ€ช/1โ€ฌุงุฏุงุชโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ูˆ (( ุงโ€ช((Lโ€ฌุช ุง ((&โ€ช12โ€ฌุชโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช((( &:โ€ฌุกู„ ุง(((โ€ชsโ€ฌุฉ *((( โ€ช((( $โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช:โ€ฌุงโ€ช Aโ€ฌู‡*   โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช &. -โ€ฌุน ุฅ=  ูˆโ€ช.โ€ฌุกโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช:93โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆุง^ * ุฃโ€ช  $ H/* 6โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช:83โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฃโ€ช$ 6โ€ฌุฑโ€ช .โ€ฌุฅโ€ช Fโ€ฌุฏโ€ช  Aโ€ฌุง& ุŸโ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆโ€ช.โ€ฌุกโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆุงโ€ช ((&6โ€ฌุข ((ู† (( ((โ€ชRโ€ฌุŸ โ€ช(( R(( (( ((1:โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ* โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช:83โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุงุณ โ€ชDโ€ฌู‰ ู โ€ช D =$โ€ฌูˆุงู‘ ุฅโ€ชFโ€ฌุŸโ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆโ€ช.โ€ฌุกโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช 1โ€ฌุฅ( ุข(ู† โ€ช(Dโ€ฌู‰ ู โ€ช(D ($โ€ฌุŸโ€ฌ โ€ซุงโ€ช j1โ€ฌุง =^^ โ€ช..4:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช:83โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฅ โ€ช Dโ€ฌูˆุงุณ ุฏู‰ โ€ชDโ€ฌุŸโ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆโ€ช.โ€ฌุกโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆโ€ช((: ((* d((:โ€ฌู‚ ((  ((โ€ช(( (( H ..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช281โ€ฌโ€ฌ


‫‪1* R$‬ن أ  اس‪..‬‬ ‫*‪ 61‬ع ا‪..*7V‬‬

‫ ‪:hJ‬‬

‫  (( رآ((^= ‪ ((.‬ا^((? ‪(($‬‬‫*‪((((4‬ن =((((‪ Q((((* ..‬أ‪((((>6‬ر‬ ‫ا‪ ..-(( V‬وو‪((.‬ء ‪((&:‬ده إ(( ‬ ‫رآ(( ((رز ‪ ((.‬ا (( وه(( ‬ ‫*&=((( ‪ (((=&. (((.‬آ‪ (((=6U‬أم‬ ‫ا‪1‬و(((((( *‪ ((((((2‬آ ‪((((((=:‬‬ ‫ ت ‪=D‬رى *‪..[2‬‬

‫ا‪D‬وا ‪1:‬ا ا‪ &6‬وه ‪( $ ..(` c‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫ = إ‪ F‬اس؟ * ‪:‬دى  ‪ R‬ا‪.. &6‬‬ ‫) ‪ ( $/‬هرد أ‪H‬ل إ‪  F‬و‪(.‬ء؟ *( أ‪(6‬‬

‫‪:83‬‬

‫‪ D RD‬أه‪.F‬‬ ‫ ‪ = (((G&.‬و‪(((.‬ء ‪ ((($‬آ&=(((‬‫ ‪ 5‬ا‪..$/‬‬ ‫ و‪( :‬ى *‪ d(W F((D‬و‪((.‬ح‬‫ ((((((((= وه((((((((‪((((((((,& ..‬‬ ‫ا‪L‬رض‪ ..‬و‪$‬ن * ‪( :‬ى‬ ‫ا= = ت‬ ‫ ا ‪((& 5((n‬ش ا‪L‬رض ((=‬‫و ‪ Qj* /‬آ^‪/< R‬اه‪..‬‬

‫ا&‪:U3g‬‬

‫(((‪/‬ى وا^((( ((( أ&((( ‪.. =2(((, ..‬‬ ‫ا  ‪ . E 1‬آ‪/‬ه‪: ..F‬اك‪..‬‬

‫  ((((  ((((ى ‪((((2‬ل ا ((((‬‫‪ Cn#‬آ‪D=* F6U‬ن‪..‬‬ ‫ &(((( ‪ E((((:‬ا‪*((((4‬ا إ(((( ‬‫و‪/((D‬ى * ((‪ 4‬زه((ة ‪g((2‬‬ ‫أورا‪ =H‬ور‪ : H‬ا‪L‬ى‪..‬‬

‫)*((‪ -‬آ((‪ E‬ور‪ ((((H‬أر‪ ((* ..-((D‬أر‪a(((1D‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫أر‪ * ..-D‬أر‪..a1D‬‬

‫‪282‬‬


‫ وه(( * ((&  أ‪((X‬ء ا‪((6‬ا‪F.‬‬‫إ ا  ا‪.. ^6V‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫–‬

‫ا&  )‪(200‬‬

‫ر ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫‪g‬‬

‫‪ " F1‬ا&‪6‬‬

‫ و‪/((((D‬ى (((((‪ E/‬إ((((( ا (((((‬‫* & ا ‪ -2: .‬ا‪7‬هة‪..‬‬

‫أر‪ ((((* ..-((((D‬أر‪ ..a((((1D‬أر‪((((* ..-((((D‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫أر‪..a1D‬‬ ‫ دون أن &((‪ R‬إ(( *(( ((‪/‬ور‬‫((‪ ((* F‬ا‪*/((6‬ج ا^((‪(( E‬‬ ‫ا &(( ‪ 5((6 ((. ..‬ا>((‬ ‫ا& ‪ =. gj4:‬ا‪*(4‬ا ‪($‬‬ ‫و‪((( ((( "  /(((*" F(((D‬‬ ‫اس‪ ..‬و‪ $‬و‪(*c$ F=D‬ت‬ ‫‪/$‬م ا&‪.. & &* [/‬‬ ‫ &‪:9‬‬

‫أو‪4 $‬ن *‪1‬آ ‪  /‬و‪.‬ء‪..‬‬

‫ وو‪/((D‬ى ‪ /((H‬ا‪((l F((* R((=&6‬‬‫ور‪ * H‬ا‪7‬هة‬

‫* أر‪..a1D‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ ‪ (((` (((.‬ا‪7‬ه(((ة ‪/(((1‬م‬‫ر‪W‬‬ ‫ ‪ g2 X‬أ(ى‪ ..‬و^(‪/‬أ ‪5(6‬‬‫ا‪((4‬ة وه(( &‪ F((V‬إ(( ا ((‬ ‫ا& ‪:‬‬

‫أر‪ * ..-D‬أر‪..a1D‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫   ‪:‬آ‪7‬ا ا‪*4‬ا ‪(2 .‬‬‫آ^((ة ^((‪ d‬أب ‪ (($‬ا‪L‬رض‬

‫‪283‬‬


โ€ซุฏุง(( ( โ€ช2((((Lโ€ฌุงโ€ช 6โ€ฌูˆ โ€ช((((Vโ€ฌุงุฑโ€ชAโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ"โ€ช-((((* F((((V7 "A6((((^* ((((,โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุง(((((ยโ€ช ..iโ€ฌูˆุงโ€ช*(((((4โ€ฌุง โ€ช(((((&:โ€ฌูƒโ€ฌ โ€ซ>=(( โ€ช ((Xโ€ฌุง&((ุฉ ุงโ€ช((1โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ*&ุงโ€ช ((($ ^((($ ย(((. (((Hโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุฃโ€ช((((s6โ€ฌู… โ€ช((((Dโ€ฌุฒ ุงโ€ช2((((Lโ€ฌุงโ€ช-((((* 6โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุงโ€ช E((((Dโ€ฌุง((((โ€ช/โ€ฌูˆู† โ€ช((((Dโ€ฌุงู† ุง((((โ€ชBโ€ฌู‰โ€ฌ โ€ซ= โ€ช ย.โ€ฌุฑ ุงโ€ช..jโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ  (( &((ุจ *((โ€ช((j1:*  /โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ&โ€ช((1โ€ฌู โ€ช (($โ€ฌูˆโ€ช F((Dโ€ฌุง&((ุฉ โ€ชc((.โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช/Vโ€ฌู‡ ูˆโ€ช.โ€ฌุก โ€ช.โ€ฌูโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ &โ€ช:9โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฅูˆโ€ช  $โ€ฌูˆโ€ช.โ€ฌุกโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ูˆุงโ€ช E(((((((Dโ€ฌูˆุง&(((((((ุฉ ุข= (((((((โ€ฌโ€ซ>((ุงู† โ€ช ย((.โ€ฌุง ((โ€ช((&&* $โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ=  โ€ช..^$ ย.โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง& ูˆู† ุงู†โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฏุง ุง *ุดโ€ช ..โ€ฌุน ุงโ€ช( 1โ€ฌู… โ€ช (. [(6โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุงโ€ช ((j1โ€ฌุฏโ€ช [((Hโ€ฌุฏูˆู„โ€ช ((* (($ ..โ€ฌุง((โ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช46 ..n :โ€ฌู† ุฅ โ€ช..nโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ูˆโ€ชU((((((V.โ€ฌุฉ &(((((( ุงุข((((((โ€ฌโ€ซุง ((โ€ชย((. $((, /((H ((64 1โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช  = c* -โ€ฌุงโ€ชnโ€ฌุฑโ€ช..Dโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช#$% -โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช284โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€“โ€ฌ


‫ا&  )‪(201‬‬

‫ر ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫‪g‬‬

‫ ‪ " N/ H‬ا&‪6‬‬

‫ ‪ -(((2H‬إ((( ا =(((‪/‬س ا‪(((j‬ب‬‫و‪ F(((&^2‬و‪(((, /(((H‬ع (((‪5‬‬ ‫اآ ا ‪D -n 1‬آ&&‪F‬‬ ‫ و‪. FH& : F&^2 4‬را‪..‬‬‫ا&>‪] :8 3‬زم ‪ . E‬ا‪j‬ع وا‪c‬ل‬ ‫)> ‪ (F&$ .‬إزاى؟‬

‫ه‪:‬‬

‫ا&>‪/6 :8 3‬ور ‪U* $‬ذون‪..‬‬ ‫*‪U‬ذون؟ )(‪/(6 C‬ور ‪U(* ($‬ذون‪5( ..‬‬

‫ه‪:‬‬

‫]زم ‪..E‬‬ ‫ا&>‪] 1^) :8 3‬زم‪ ..‬أ‪ 4  ] 6‬أ*ت آ‪..A/‬‬ ‫ و*((( أن = ((( (((&ك &((( ‬‫ (((&‪ (((&. (((X  =H‬و‪(((&.‬ة‬ ‫*&‪61‬ن وا‪H‬ن آ& ل‪:‬‬

‫* ‪^1&:‬ش ‪ ..4 6‬إ( دور‪ (6‬و`(‪C‬‬

‫ا&‪:9#J‬‬

‫ ر‪..4^H 6‬‬ ‫ا&>‪ :8 3‬وا‪..E 1‬‬ ‫إ اآ& ‪ ..A/4‬ع اا‪..gH‬‬

‫ا&‪:9#J‬‬

‫ و‪ /H‬ا‪ i*/6‬ا& *(‪(. F(:&. -‬‬‫‪ (((( =&^H‬آ& ((((ل ‪-((((2 ((((X‬‬ ‫ا& >&‪..F‬‬

‫‪ F^H‬أ ‪ ../‬وه ‪&6‬ق آ‪ A/‬آ ن‪..‬‬

‫ا&‪:9#J‬‬

‫ ‪V*/ X‬ن ‪ -(* ..6X‬ا(ة‬‫ا‪/=  ^1‬س و‪..F&^2‬‬ ‫ا&>‪] ..L :8 3‬زم ‪U* Hc6‬ذون‪..‬‬ ‫ و‪ (((((( =1 &:‬ا‪*((((((4‬ا &(((((( ‬‫‪285‬‬


‫‪&:‬آ= ((( &‪(((1‬د‪ -(((* ..‬و‪/(((D‬ى‬ ‫دا((‪ c‬إ(( ا (( و‪F((/ ((.‬‬ ‫ا‪7‬هة ‪ -2‬أورا‪..=H‬‬

‫أر‪ * ..-D‬أر‪ ..a1D‬أر‪1D‬ـ‪..‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ و‪7V((( D(((. /(((H‬ار ‪-(((2‬‬‫)((‪ F‬و‪/(( V&. ..F((D ((=D‬‬ ‫*‪ F(((((64‬و‪ /(((((H‬أآ (((((‪ E‬آ &(((((‪F‬‬ ‫ا‪L‬ة ا& آ‪ -* R6‬ار‪H‬‬ ‫ا‪L‬ة * ا‪7‬هة‪..‬‬

‫أر‪1D‬ـ‪ ..‬ش‪..‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ و‪/2(((((:‬م ‪(((((> A((((($‬ات‬‫ا‪7((V‬ار ا ‪((V*7‬ة‪((=&. ..‬ب‬ ‫‪ (($‬و‪/((D‬ى ^((? ((‪((. F‬‬ ‫ة وذ‪=* $ $‬ب‪ ..‬و‪/(H‬‬ ‫و‪((( ((($ A((($ R(((1H‬ذات‬ ‫‪/(((/$‬ة‪ ?((( ..‬ه((( *‪((($ V‬‬ ‫*(( ر‪((D‬ل ا ‪((V&* .((2‬‬ ‫ه((( وه(((ك‪ &((( &. ..‬و‪/(((D‬ى‬ ‫آ& ل‪..‬‬

‫ ‪=6‬ر أد‪ ..‬ه ‪2‬ه؟‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ و‪ /(((H‬أ(((ع ‪((( *f‬ك أ(((‪/‬ه‬‫ ‪..FU‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫)*‪$B‬را( أ‪&6‬ا ‪2: D‬ه؟‬

‫ر‪ I‬ا&‪:9.P‬‬

‫‪ a((((* L‬إ((((‪ ..‬دا دول ه (((( ا(((( ه((((‬ ‫‪2‬ا‪..‬‬

‫ *‪(((j‬ا إ((( ا (((‪/‬ا‪f(((. ..E‬ذا‬‫ ‪(((D‬ل ا ‪(((#* .(((2‬‬ ‫ا ‪ (((. (((2‬و‪ -(((W‬ا(((&‪/1‬اد‬ ‫‪n R*#‬ا)‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪(((1.‬د و‪/(((D‬ى  (((‪U‬ل ا‪E(((D‬‬‫ا‪B‬ى أ**‪..F‬‬

‫أ*ل أ‪&6‬ا إ‪F‬؟‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫‪286‬‬


‫‪. -‬خ و‪/D‬ى ‪ .‬ا‪7V‬ار‬

‫ر‪ I‬ا&‪:9.P‬‬

‫إ ا ه‪6‬ق ‪.. 6‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫‪((D (( (( R((,‬ى ‪ .. ^((2:‬آ(((‪E‬‬ ‫ا‪ (((1‬دى ه(((‪:‬ق ‪R(((: (((* =((( 6‬‬ ‫را ‪..‬‬

‫ ‪ -((((2H‬إ(((( ا‪((((V‬ن ز((((ن‬‫* (((& إ((( أ(((‪ /‬ا‪/(((V‬ران‬ ‫و‪B: /H‬آ و‪ FD‬و‪/D‬ى ‪_=.‬‬ ‫*& &   ‪..F‬‬

‫دا ا‪/V‬ع دا واآ ‪ .‬ا ب‬

‫زن‪:‬‬

‫ ‪ F(((($ E/((((.‬ا& ((((‪ B‬ا‪ ((((^s‬‬‫‪: 56‬ا‪..‬‬

‫ه ‪ . =: d:G‬ا ب؟‬

‫ا&<(‪:9‬‬

‫ ‪ R&.‬إ‪ F‬زن و>(‪(> E‬‬‫‪ ..(() E((*U: A((>6 F((.‬و‪/((H‬‬ ‫‪ 6‬و‪/D‬ى‪..‬‬ ‫ & د زن &‪E(` ($ 6U‬‬‫*‪&4‬م‪..‬‬ ‫‪ d . -‬ا‪B ^s‬را‪..F$‬‬

‫زن‪:‬‬

‫ا ب؟‪ ..‬دا أ‪ 6‬أ&ذ ‪ .‬ا ب‪..‬‬

‫ا&<(‪:9‬‬

‫)‪ C‬وا&ر‪x‬؟‬

‫زن‪:‬‬

‫ا&ر‪ x‬أ‪  =6‬؟‬

‫ا&<(‪:9‬‬

‫ا أ‪ F$ dUU 6‬د‪..A‬‬

‫زن‪:‬‬

‫أ‪(: (=6‬ر‪ (1 x‬؟ ‪ =(,‬إ(‪F‬؟ (م إ((‪F‬؟‬ ‫زى * ا‪$ R6‬وز‪..‬‬ ‫‪l‬ه(((( ا&((((ر‪ x‬ا(((( ‪ F(((($ dU((((U‬د‪A‬‬

‫ا&<(‪:9‬‬

‫و‪c‬ص‪..‬‬ ‫ع ا‪ 1‬م آ‪ (^ F‬وا‪ (. %(W‬ا‪..F(:‬‬

‫زن‪:‬‬

‫*(( دام (( ا (( ‪ d(( :‬ا‪ ((:‬آ((‪..5‬‬ ‫‪/:‬ر ‪1:‬ف آ‪  E‬ب &ر‪..Fn‬‬ ‫‪ (* C() ..R =. ..Al‬ا (ب وا&(ر‪x‬‬

‫ا&<(‪:9‬‬

‫*(دة وا((‪/‬ة أه((‪((* =*(($ F(( ..F‬د‪:‬‬

‫‪287‬‬


‫و‪4((((G‬ا ‪ (((($‬وه((((‪ 6n‬أ((((ق‬ ‫‪ 6‬؟  *‪ a‬هق ‪.. 6‬‬ ‫ ‪(( ((X‬خ ا‪ ((. ((^s‬ا‪-(( V‬‬‫وه ‪V‬ى‪..‬‬

‫أ‪ a* 6‬هق ‪.. 6‬‬

‫ا&<(‪:9‬‬

‫  (( ‪ 5((6 ((.‬ا>(( آ((ن‬‫‪c((4 R((& {n((,‬م ز((ن‬ ‫ ‪B d‬را‪:F$‬‬

‫ا&=‪:ig‬‬

‫ا‪ R  R6‬أ‪(4.‬ر ا(‪ (2 /‬دى‪..‬‬ ‫أ‪ R6‬ه‪:‬دى ‪ . d 6‬داه‪..‬‬

‫زن‪:‬‬

‫‪F‬؟‬

‫ا&=‪:ig‬‬

‫* ((‪ U‬ا ((ب *((‪ -‬ا&((ر‪ x‬دى ‪(( :‬‬ ‫واد *رآ &ر‪..x‬‬

‫زن‪:‬‬

‫*رآ  ‪ j‬إ‪F‬؟‬

‫ا&=‪:ig‬‬

‫‪.. $, 1‬‬

‫زن‪:‬‬

‫)*‪$B‬را( ‪ $,‬؟‬

‫ا&=‪:ig‬‬

‫)^‪L ..(1‬ن ا‪ ( & $(j‬آ(‪((D E‬‬ ‫‪ .‬ا&(ر‪/( x‬وا‪ -.‬ا]‪(&H‬د‪ ..‬ا( ‬ ‫ا‪ c&(((& R(((6‬و* ((( = ا (((ب‪ ..‬أ‪(((6‬‬ ‫ ‪B‬رك‪ ..‬و‪4‬ن ‪ ( .d $ .‬ا‪(^&46‬‬ ‫‪ //D  $‬أ‪ 6‬ه \ ‪..d$‬‬ ‫)‪(^$ =&=:‬‬

‫زن‪:‬‬

‫  ((((( ‪(((((1:‬د ا‪*(((((4‬ا إ((((( ‬‫و‪/D‬ى *&‪ X/‬إ ا‪7V‬ار ‪(.‬‬ ‫‪:?/  4:‬‬

‫‪ . R W‬د*` ا‪4‬ة‪( RH ..‬دى‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ دى‪ ..‬آ‪H F‬ل ‪.. Dl‬‬ ‫ ‪f.‬ذا ‪ E(D‬ا‪ (1‬و‪E/(: /(H‬‬‫*=‪) c‬آن &‪..(R‬‬

‫ا&& ‪:‬‬

‫ه أ‪ R6‬ا ؟‪..‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫)‪ (.‬أ‪ A‬أ‪ 6‬ا ‪..‬‬

‫‪288‬‬


‫ا&& ‪:‬‬

‫دا أ‪ R6‬ز‪ $ $‬آ‪..A/‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫)‪ (((.‬أ((‪ A‬أ‪ ((6‬ز‪7((V ((X) ..(($‬ار(‬ ‫ز‪..$‬‬

‫ و‪U((((V.‬ة ((((‪ C‬و‪ F((((D‬و‪/((((D‬ى‬‫ه*  ‪..F/D .‬‬

‫ز‪(($‬؟ )‪ (((1‬ا‪(($ R((6‬وز ‪((:‬د ف‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫داه وإّ إ‪F‬؟‬ ‫)*=(((‪ ..541((( (E((( (((n c‬دا ا‪R(((6‬‬

‫ا&& ‪:‬‬

‫ز‪ ((($‬آ((((‪ E‬ا((( را(((( د((((‪ &H‬ف‬ ‫داه‪..‬‬ ‫)*&‪ (4G‬ة ‪H‬ى دى‪..‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ ‪ %.((( (((X‬ا‪..(((1& (((1‬‬‫وا‪^ 1‬د‪ 56 F‬ا‪1j‬ر‪..‬‬

‫ا&& ‪:‬‬

‫أه‪ c‬أه‪..c‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫أه‪..c‬‬

‫ و =  >= ا‪ {n(j‬ا =(‬‫ (((‪ R(((& (((X A‬إ= ((( وه (((‬ ‫‪.‬ن ‪ .‬ود‪..‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪289‬‬

‫–‬


โ€ซุง&  )โ€ช(202โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฑ โ€ช /โ€ฌุฑโ€ฌ โ€ซุง&โ€ชGโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุงโ€ช " hiโ€ฌุง&โ€ช6โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ )โ€ชย(. ](* -./ s# Eโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุงโ€ช/* AV:โ€ฌุฏโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ** โ€ช ..* * ..โ€ฌุงโ€ช**  . &6โ€ฌุŸโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&โ€ช:IJPโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ โ€ช C((=&.โ€ฌูˆโ€ช((.โ€ฌุก *(( *โ€ช?(( ((=64โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซู‡((( ุง (((ุฏุฉโ€ชย(((. A(((&& ..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุฃโ€ช =6Gโ€ฌูˆโ€ช /Hโ€ฌุฑโ€ช R(Hโ€ฌุฏ*โ€ช(* (1โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช =$โ€ฌูˆู‡ โ€ช56 ย. FG&:โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุง>((((( ุง&((((( >=((((( โ€ช(((((=.โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ*((((โ€ชH  /โ€ฌุฏ*(((( โ€ชย((((. ((((=&6โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ชXโ€ฌุฑุฉ โ€ช..$โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ &โ€ช:9โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฏู‰ โ€ช((((lโ€ฌุฉ โ€ช ((((,โ€ฌูˆุข((((โ€ช/โ€ฌู‰ โ€ช ((((4$โ€ฌุŸ ุฏู‰โ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ชlโ€ฌุฉ ุงโ€ช a1โ€ฌูˆุง โ€ช 4: %โ€ฌู‰ โ€ช/(H ($โ€ฌุงู…โ€ฌ โ€ซุง((((ุณุŸ โ€ช/((((Hโ€ฌุง* ุน ุง^((((โ€ช/((((H ..Rโ€ฌุง* ุนโ€ฌ โ€ซุง^โ€ช..  Rโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ โ€ช7&.โ€ฌุฏุงุฏ ูˆโ€ช.โ€ฌุก โ€ช 1(Wโ€ฌูˆุง&โ€ช6(Gโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช =2โ€ฌุง ู„โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&โ€ช:IJPโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ**โ€ช..**  6: ย1: ..** ..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆโ€ช.โ€ฌุกโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง  โ€ช  .. ^^ ..โ€ฌุข^โ€ช/โ€ฌู‰โ€ชW  ..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ูˆ^((โ€ช/โ€ฌุฃ ุง((โ€ช7โ€ฌูˆุฌ *((โ€ช/((j  /โ€ฌู‡โ€ฌโ€ซ*โ€ช..F1โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ &โ€ช:9โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ูˆโ€ช (((=4โ€ฌุฑุงโ€ชR (((# ย(((. (((G.โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซูˆุฏ*(((ุนโ€ช ..โ€ฌูˆโ€ช$โ€ฌู‡((( โ€ช/V&((( :โ€ฌู‰โ€ฌ โ€ซ=โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ช E/((&.โ€ฌุงโ€ช((ย4โ€ฌูˆู† *(( =((โ€ฌโ€ซ< โ€ช1โ€ฌุฏ *โ€ช:  /โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฑโ€ช:1Iโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุงโ€ช R6โ€ฌุงโ€ช  RV:โ€ฌุฑุงโ€ช EDโ€ฌุงโ€ชR6โ€ฌุŸโ€ฌ

โ€ซ &โ€ช:9โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ)*โ€ชBโ€ฌู‡]( ุฏู‰ *ุงโ€ช.. :โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช290โ€ฌโ€ฌ


‫ر‪:2I‬‬

‫‪:‬م ‪ =. E 1:‬آ‪A/‬؟‬

‫ر‪:3I‬‬

‫إ‪/‬ك ‪l   =$‬دم‪..‬‬

‫ر‪:4I‬‬

‫دى * ‪..a4 & : * 1W‬‬

‫ &‪:9‬‬

‫دا أ‪D 6‬زه( ( ‪ ($‬وه( *ا‪ (. (:‬‬ ‫ا‪((((j‬ع وا((((‪c‬ل‪ R((((D ..‬م ا^((((‪R‬‬ ‫‪j$‬ن ‪:‬وح &(زى *( ر‪ 6(: a&(1D‬‬ ‫ = ‪c:‬ت ‪..‬‬

‫ر‪:5I‬‬

‫*ا‪* * d:‬ا‪c ..a4:‬ص ا‪.. =&6‬‬

‫ا&ز‪:a‬‬

‫*‪ a‬ه‪..-D:‬‬

‫ وو‪((.‬ء ‪((:‬ل ((‪*/‬ع *&((‬‫وه((( *& (((‪5((( E(((2 4‬‬ ‫ذرا‪((((((((( (((((((((. (((((((((=$‬ارة‬ ‫وا&ت * =‪ ..‬و‪/(H‬‬ ‫‪ g1G R#‬ه &ى‪..‬‬ ‫دا ‪D‬زى‪ ..‬ود‪ A‬آ^‪/‬ى ‪..W‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫ و‪/((D‬ى ‪ E/((* ((.‬ا (( *((‪-‬‬‫ا‪(((# ((($ R(((& (((1‬‬ ‫و‪.‬ء ‪..=&6 D -./.‬‬ ‫ *‪   /‬ا ‪..F( (#‬‬‫‪((((((4‬د أن ^‪/((((((, ((((((* ((((((4‬ة‬ ‫ا‪B‬هل‪..‬‬

‫ &‪:9‬‬

‫ا‪((&6‬ا ه((‪ 6V:‬؟ دى *ا‪ ((:‬أ‪ ..((6‬وأ‪((6‬‬ ‫ا  ‪] ..=.‬زم ‪..1* -D:‬‬

‫   و‪ E#‬و‪/D‬ى ‪ -./6.‬إ(‪F‬‬‫ &^‪ %V‬و ‪*/* c‬ت‪..‬‬

‫‪ -(((D:‬إزاى وه((( (((‪c‬ص ه(((‪:‬ق‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫‪= 6‬؟‬ ‫ &‪:9‬‬

‫ود‪/(($ ((^ A‬ل ‪^(( :‬ه ‪((:‬ق ‪=(( 6‬‬ ‫ ‪/‬ل * ‪V -D:‬زه وا =؟‬

‫‪291‬‬


โ€ซ)ุขโ€ช (((((Gsโ€ฌูˆู‡(((( โ€ช/(((($โ€ฌู„ *((((โ€ช((((  dโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆ ู‰โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช d&j1 =1D:โ€ฌุง ู‡ โ€ช=* Rโ€ฌุŸโ€ฌ โ€ซ &โ€ช:9โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ) &โ€ช1((((Gโ€ฌู( ู‡(((( ุฃโ€ช((((* ((((=&* ((((6โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ชDโ€ฌุŸ )โ€ช. Xโ€ฌุก( ู‡ ุฃโ€ช (6โ€ฌุข(ู† โ€ช (.โ€ฌุง(โ€ช/โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช Dโ€ฌูˆ*โ€ช=& 1โ€ฌุด  ูˆโ€ช.โ€ฌุกุŸโ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆ ู‰โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆุงโ€ช d& R6โ€ฌุฅโ€ชj$ Fโ€ฌู† โ€ช   F 1:โ€ฌุฉุŸโ€ฌ

โ€ซ &โ€ช:9โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ) โ€ช (//((, g1((Gโ€ฌุง ย((โ€ช(( Eโ€ฌู„ โ€ช/((H (($โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช /* d.โ€ฌุฑโ€ช..dDโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซู‡(( โ€ช ((.โ€ฌุง((ู ุฏโ€ชAโ€ฌุŸ ุงโ€ช a((* R((6โ€ฌุฏุฑ((ู†โ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆ ู‰โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆุงู‘ ุฅโ€ชFโ€ฌุŸโ€ฌ โ€ซ &โ€ช:9โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ)ุฃุขย โ€ช (1Wโ€ฌู‡ โ€ช &j$โ€ฌุฏู‰ โ€ช/( n:โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช/โ€ฌุฑู‰ โ€ชDโ€ฌุŸโ€ฌ โ€ซ^ โ€ช Cโ€ฌุง โ€ชj:โ€ฌู ุฑุง&=โ€ช= ..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆ ู‰โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช:โ€ฌู‚ โ€ช = 6โ€ฌูˆโ€ช..%& :โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ูˆุฅุฐุง โ€ช((((((.โ€ฌุก *โ€ช ((((((1โ€ฌุง>((((((โ€ฌโ€ซ โ€ช/(((((Dโ€ฌู‰ >(((((ุฉ โ€ช(((((= (((((& Xโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ*โ€ช1โ€ฌู‡(((( ูˆู‡(((( โ€ช((((s: E((((*U&:โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ*ุงโ€ช $ FHโ€ฌู‡โ€ชBโ€ฌุง ุงโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ช((((((((>6 ((((((((&:โ€ฌุงุช ูˆโ€ช/((((((((Dโ€ฌู‰โ€ฌโ€ซ >ุงโ€ช((((4. ((((=:โ€ฌุฏ =((((ุฑ *((((โ€ฌ โ€ซ*โ€ช>6 ((1โ€ฌุงโ€ชย)U( 2 ((& ((=:โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุฑุฃโ€ช..Fโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ  ((( ุงโ€ช {n(((jโ€ฌุง(((โ€ชBโ€ฌู‰ โ€ช/(((:โ€ฌุซโ€ฌโ€ซุฅ((((( ุฒ(((((ู†  (((((โ€ชB((((( dโ€ฌุฑุงุนโ€ฌ โ€ซ*โ€ช..  /โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช..^6D F &. -โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&=โ€ช:igโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช% :โ€ฌุŸโ€ฌ

โ€ซ &โ€ช:9โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุงโ€ช..EG:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&=โ€ช:igโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฃโ€ช ((&^X :((: ((* ((6โ€ฌุงู† ุง((โ€ช /โ€ฌุง(( โ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช292โ€ฌโ€ฌ


‫هك د‪B : A‬ك‪ ..‬ا‪c4‬م دا ‪%#‬؟‬ ‫ ‪  /((((* R((((&.‬إ(((( ا‪A((((V:‬‬‫إ‪(((,‬ر‪(((. F:‬ى ‪ AB((( :‬ا‪ (((^s‬‬ ‫*&ا‪..E=& H‬‬

‫‪:UF‬‬

‫أ‪ a* 6‬هق ‪ 6‬‬

‫ &‪:9‬‬

‫أ((‪B(( : ((1^) A‬ى‪ ..‬وأ*((‪((^ * (($& F‬ر‬ ‫آ ن‪(=.* ..‬ش ‪ (D‬دى‪ ..‬أ‪(n. (6‬ر‬ ‫ ‪ F‬وا ‪..‬‬

‫ا&=‪:ig‬‬

‫أ‪B 6‬رك * ا&‪ -(* E(*1‬ه(‪B‬ا ا(‪../‬‬ ‫أ‪((4.‬ر‪ A‬ا‪ ((. R (( :‬ا&((ة ا‪(((L‬ة‪..‬‬ ‫وأ‪.. $, %^#‬‬

‫ &‪:9‬‬

‫‪ $,‬؟ ا ^ر‪ ..‬د‪ $, ..A‬؟‬

‫ا&=‪:ig‬‬

‫أ‪B(( ((6‬رك‪ (( ..‬ا‪../((/D (( $ ((^&46‬‬ ‫ه \ ‪ ..F$‬وه ^ *&ا‪..CH‬‬

‫‪ R&. -‬إ‪/D .  /* F‬‬

‫ &‪:9‬‬

‫)‪,‬ردا( ا ^ر‪c  ..‬م‪..‬‬

‫ا&=‪:ig‬‬

‫ ‪ ..d‬أ‪B 6‬رك أه‪..F‬‬

‫ &‪:9‬‬

‫وا ‪((,‬ف (( ‪((G‬ة‪ ..‬أ‪5((6 (($ ((6‬‬ ‫أ‪ /=((((((,‬أن ] إ((((((‪ F‬إ] ا ‪ ..‬وأ‪ /=((((((,‬أن‬ ‫* ((‪/‬ا ر((ل ا ‪ ..‬وأ‪ /=((,‬آ ((ن‪ ..‬ان‬ ‫ا ^((((ر *((((‪ .. $((((, a‬و] ‪..((((D‬‬ ‫ورز‪ $ H‬ا  ‪G‬ة‪..‬‬

‫ا&=‪:ig‬‬

‫*((( (((‪/‬ش )(((‪=(((, C‬د‪ ..d:‬دا *‪(((V‬د‬ ‫‪..B:‬‬

‫   ‪  =&> -2‬ا (‪g‬‬‫ا ‪c(((((((=* (((((((* 5&(((((((n‬‬ ‫‪..{nj‬‬

‫أه((‪ (( c‬أ‪/((.‬م‪ ..‬أه((‪ c‬أه((‪1(( c‬دة ا^((‪F‬‬

‫‪:9‬‬

‫ا ‪../‬‬ ‫‪..H1*  /* /& . -‬‬

‫ &‪:9‬‬

‫‪293‬‬

‫) ‪/* (F‬؟ ^ وا‪ 1 E#‬‬


‫ ‪=&.‬دى *‪ $  /‬ا‪L‬رض‬‫‪U‬س ‪ X‬خ‪..‬‬

‫ &‪:9‬‬

‫أ‪ 6‬آ ن هق ‪.. 6‬‬

‫ ‪/((((((.‬وى ‪ $(((((( D [((((((:‬‬‫*((((‪1V((((j: F(((( ((((* D‬‬ ‫ار‪..A‬‬ ‫  (((( ‪((((>6‬ات و‪((((.‬ء ‪((((6‬‬‫و‪/((D‬ى‪ ..‬وه(( ] ((ى ‪ (($‬‬ ‫ا>(( ‪ ((=$ ((.‬آ (( ((ق‬ ‫‪>6‬ة ‪   ..=&6‬ه( ‪7(=:‬‬ ‫رأ=  ة‪(=: X ..‬ل ‪ ($‬‬ ‫)= ] ‪(. ..F(^: * -^j:‬‬ ‫‪ ==6‬ود*ع‪..‬‬ ‫ و*(((((‪ 7(((((=  /‬رأ(((((‪(((((. F‬‬‫‪ .. l‬وا&([ * (&  *(‬ ‫‪/ & ..F‬أ ‪(> 1(j‬‬ ‫‪(((.‬ح وار‪((((:‬ح وه((( &‪-((((2‬‬ ‫‪ ^s* F‬د*‪.F$‬‬ ‫ و‪/(((D‬ى ‪ g(((j&4‬أ‪ F(((6‬ا(((‪/‬‬‫ا(((‪B‬ى ] ((([ ‪ -(((..‬آ(((‪F‬‬ ‫آ ` ‪j‬رك ‪ .‬ا&([‬ ‫  & م *‪..-2‬‬ ‫  (((  (((ق *(((‪(((>6  /‬ة‬‫‪ 6‬إ زو‪ F&D‬و‪.‬ء ‪(.‬ى‬ ‫‪ (($ .((j4* =6&(( .‬أ‪7((D‬اء‬ ‫*(( ‪((. ((= 5 =((. = (( D‬‬ ‫ود‪.‬‬ ‫‪ &. -‬ع و‪.‬ء &‪.=6 2s‬‬

‫ &‪:9‬‬

‫`‪  d 6 2‬و‪.‬ء‪..‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫‪.d F$‬‬

‫‪294‬‬


‫‪   -‬أ‪ E^H‬ا‪ 1‬إ و‪/D‬ى‪.‬‬

‫ &‪:9‬‬

‫‪  4$  :‬أم ‪cD‬ل‪..‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫* ‪..‬‬

‫ &‪:9‬‬

‫)*‪..d* * (1*/‬‬

‫ا&& ‪:‬‬

‫ز‪ (($‬إ((‪ F‬ا ‪((n‬ب &((‪ ..d‬ه(( (( ‬ ‫‪ =.‬ز‪ *$‬و] ز‪..R.‬‬

‫ و‪U(((((V. (((((= /(((((H‬ة ا‪(((((j‬ذ‬‫ا‪$L‬ج *( ‪(.‬ق أ‪ ($‬ر (ة‬ ‫و‪# /H‬ح ‪ .‬ا‪..- V‬‬

‫ا&=‪/‬ذ‪:‬‬

‫ا ‪ -‬ا‪ R6‬وه وه *‪..F d‬‬

‫ ‪ R&&.‬إ‪ F‬ا‪>6L‬ر‪..‬‬‫ ‪ ((( &^.‬ه(((( ا & (((* هز((((‬‫وا‪ X‬وه  &‪F(1 =(W1‬‬ ‫‪.. 1: .‬‬ ‫ وا‪(((>6L‬ر ‪ /(((j:‬إ(((‪ F‬أآ(((‪..‬‬‫& ‪ 1‬ا ‪..R‬‬

‫ا&=‪/‬ذ‪:‬‬

‫أ‪/6 a* 6‬ه‪(j$ 4‬ن أ‪(H R(,‬ش‪..‬‬ ‫*((‪ a‬ه*((‪ /‬إ((‪/‬ى‪ a((* ..‬ه(( ‪((H‬ل ((‬ ‫* ((‪ ..‬أ‪ ((6‬أ‪/((D‬ع *‪ ((4‬آ‪ ..((4‬أ‪((6‬‬ ‫د(‪ &H‬وا‪ ((. g((H‬أ‪ ..((& (($‬أ‪ (( ((6‬‬ ‫‪l‬دم‪1* ..‬ن أ  اش  * ‪..‬‬

‫ وإذا ((‪U((V. F‬ة و‪F((*/H _((. /((H‬‬‫ا&(( ‪/((^:‬و *‪%^((#U. ..(($2‬‬ ‫(( ‪ ..‬و&((ول ‪/(($‬ة ‪%((#‬‬ ‫وإذا (((‪ (((=1. F‬و(((‪(((* C‬‬ ‫ ((((‪/‬ا= ‪ ((((6‬ا‪L‬رض ((((‬ ‫ا‪ %(((G& -((( V‬أ‪ (((=6‬آ (((ت‬ ‫ره^ * ا ‪ c‬واوش‪..‬‬ ‫ا&=‪/‬ذ‪:‬‬

‫)‪(((#‬ر( أه(((‪/((( ..F‬و‪ ..A‬ا((( ‪( ($‬وز‬ ‫‪/‬‬

‫‪295‬‬


‫ و‪ ((4‬ا‪((>6L‬ر ‪((>: ((=1 D‬‬‫إ(((( ا(((((س ا&((((( ‪(((((1^&:‬‬ ‫و‪(((4&:‬م (((= ‪ ((($‬ا‪L‬رض‬ ‫‪((((( (((((.‬ود ‪ //(((((,‬ودون أن‬ ‫آ(((ا (((آ‪7((( (((  ..‬ل‬ ‫ا‪((j‬ذ *=((و] &‪((V‬ل ((=‬ ‫‪# .‬ا‪ F‬ا= (&ى‪(` ..‬‬ ‫*((((&‪ [((((2* ((((. 4‬آ&((((‪F‬‬ ‫وا‪1‬ن آ= *‪ (=D‬إ(‪(. F‬‬ ‫‪ R #‬و‪4‬ن وه &‪:%‬‬ ‫ا&=‪/‬ذ‪:‬‬

‫* &‪/(n‬وش (‪F‬؟ د(‪&(  5( &H‬ا؟‬ ‫أ‪ ((* R((  (( ((6‬ز*((ن‪ ((* ..‬ز*((ن‬ ‫‪(((((H‬ى‪ (((((4 ..‬د(((((‪ 5((((( &H‬ا‪R(((((7=:‬‬ ‫وا‪((j$ R((G&6‬ن &‪ ((4‬آ‪ ((4‬ز((‪..‬‬ ‫آ‪ ..(4‬أ‪ a&/((* (* (6‬أ(‪/‬ى أ‪((* R(,‬‬ ‫‪ ..((,‬ا*((ن ه(( ا(( ز‪ (( .. ((H‬‬ ‫‪ H7‬وآ ‪ ..‬ا*ن ^‪E(G. _1‬‬ ‫‪ (* (s #‬أ(‪/‬ى ا‪/( :‬ت و(‪/‬ت‬ ‫اش‪ * ..‬أ^‪..( F(& ..4$ a‬‬ ‫‪(($ 5((6 R((.‬وز ا‪* ((* &((6‬ار‪..F((:‬‬ ‫ا(( ه(( ا((ش‪ ..‬أ ((‪/(($ F‬ى‪ ..‬أ^ ((‪F‬‬ ‫‪ (((((.‬ا(((((‪ %‬زى *((((( ^ ((((( ‪ (((((.‬‬ ‫ا*((ن وا‪((V‬ع‪ R((G. ..‬أ*((‪ /‬إ((‪/‬ى‬ ‫وأ‪ ..‬أ‪ ..‬أ‪ ] ..‬ه & آا*& ‪ ..‬و]‬ ‫ه ((( ‪ .(((,‬وأ‪ ..U((( (((6‬أ(((‪R(((  ..‬‬ ‫آ&‪..‬‬

‫‪ -‬و‪=6< 1, /H‬ك ‪ /&(.‬إ( ‬

‫‪296‬‬


‫‪/((D‬ار‪ ..‬و ((&‪2‬د ‪(( : ((.‬ؤل‬ ‫أن‪..‬‬

‫ا&=‪/‬ذ‪:‬‬

‫‪   4‬ة إ‪/. F‬ة ا(ش )(ل *(‬ ‫‪ &j$‬زى * ا‪&6‬ا ‪,‬؟ )‪(#‬ر(‬ ‫*‪1‬ن أ ‪ ..A‬اش‬

‫‪ -‬أ‪/‬ه ‪..F&>* * E 4‬‬

‫ع ا‪..*7V‬‬

‫ا&‪:I‬‬

‫ و‪ /((H‬أ(( ر‪((* E((4 ((l E((D‬‬‫ &‪((. F((^D ((. F((4‬ق آ*((‬ ‫اس‪..‬‬ ‫ وا‪((j‬ذ &‪((V‬ل (( ا‪-(( V‬‬‫  & * *‪ R(&&. ..(1*/‬إ(‪F‬‬ ‫‪..‬‬

‫)‪ R1‬أ‪/D‬ع *  أ‪.. 2‬‬

‫‪:83‬‬

‫ و‪ /(((((H‬أ‪(((((* ((((( R(((((D‬‬‫‪/(((#‬ره رز*((( أوراق *(((‬ ‫وأ‪ $ = R‬آم اس‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪&.  =1^&&.‬ت ا(‪5( E‬‬‫اآ‪..‬‬ ‫ وأوراق * ‪/‬أت ‪ X&:‬ه(‬‫وه‬ ‫ و (((‪/‬أ آ(((ون ‪ ((($‬ا&(((ا ‬‫&((‪*/‬ن ((‪*U‬ا= ((ن =((‬ ‫‪ $‬آم اس‪..‬‬ ‫ أ(((‪/‬ه ‪/((($ F(((^D (((. /(((V‬ة‬‫‪((((H‬وش ‪ (((($ ((((=. ((((H‬‬ ‫ا‪4‬م أ‪..G‬‬ ‫ و‪/((D‬ى *((‪B‬ه]‪A/(( /((  ((X ..‬‬‫‪((((((n F((((((^D (((((.‬ج ‪((((((62‬‬ ‫ا^‪2‬ن ‪g(. ˆ(, /(V c(.‬‬

‫‪297‬‬


โ€ซโ€ช..&*#โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ุฃ((โ€ช/โ€ฌู‡ ^((? โ€ช(($ F(( D ย((.โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุง((ุณ โ€ช((jโ€ฌุฑูƒ โ€ช ย( .โ€ฌุฃ=((โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช/V c.โ€ฌู‡ โ€ชf. ..F D ย.โ€ฌุฐุง โ€ช/โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช ((($ R((( :โ€ฌุข&(((โ€ช ..Fโ€ฌูˆโ€ช*/((($โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ&โ€ช(# *( &  E(  Rโ€ฌุงุกโ€ฌ โ€ซ*((((( โ€ช C(((((#โ€ฌุง(((((โ€ช/((((( *) /โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช ( H(((,โ€ฌูˆู‡(((  (((โ€ช /โ€ฌุง >(((โ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช..Fโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช / . -โ€ฌุง{ โ€ช..F .โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&โ€ช:iNโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ*โ€ช aโ€ฌุฏู‰ ุง &โ€ช/โ€ฌูˆุฑ โ€ช=$โ€ฌุŸโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&โ€ช:Iโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ)โ€ช#โ€ฌุฑ( ุง* โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&โ€ช:iNโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ)โ€ช a* Cโ€ฌุฏุงโ€ช ..%(G ($โ€ฌุฃโ€ชR(^ (6โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุฃุฑโ€ช..=* dโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&โ€ช:Iโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช:โ€ฌู… โ€ช=H :โ€ฌุŸโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&โ€ช:iNโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฃโ€ช RH 6โ€ฌุฃุฑ*= (โ€ช/โ€ฌุงโ€ช ..dโ€ฌุน ุงโ€ช E(HLโ€ฌุง(&โ€ชEsโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช(((X (((D (((. (((&.โ€ฌุงุจ โ€ช(((l ((($โ€ฌุฉโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช.. :โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ^& (( ู†โ€ช ..โ€ฌูˆโ€ช /((Hโ€ฌุฃ(( ((ุณโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช $โ€ฌุงโ€ช4โ€ฌู…โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ูˆุงโ€ช4โ€ฌู… โ€ช c$ /Hโ€ฌูˆุงุฑโ€ช..-:โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ ูˆุง=ุงุก (โ€ช/โ€ฌุฃ &โ€ชL( (2โ€ฌูˆุฑุงู‚โ€ฌโ€ซุง (((( ู‡(((( ูˆู‡((((ูƒ ุฏูˆู† ุฃู†โ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช /& :โ€ฌุฅ= ุงโ€ช/Lโ€ฌู‰โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ูˆ((โ€ช 5โ€ฌู‡((ูƒ ุฅ] โ€ช((#โ€ฌุช `((ุกโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช(((6โ€ฌุญ ุง ((( ูˆู‡((( >=(((โ€ฌ โ€ซ*^โ€ช * cโ€ฌุงโ€ช nโ€ฌุญโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ูˆ*โ€ชUDโ€ฌุฉ โ€ช( 1)Hโ€ฌุช ุฏโ€ช(Hโ€ฌุชโ€ฌโ€ซุง (((โ€ช $โ€ฌุง โ€ช(((2 -(((* (((VVโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช298โ€ฌโ€ฌ


‫آ^(((ة  (((‪(((6 (((j: $‬‬ ‫‪j$‬ة‪..‬‬ ‫ ورد ‪ E1.‬ا‪ $B‬ا ‪ $ D‬‬‫و‪ FD‬و‪/(D‬ى و‪F(64* /( V: /(H‬‬ ‫آ& ل‪..‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫–‬

‫ا&  )‪(203‬‬

‫ر ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫ا&‪G‬‬

‫ا&‪ " N/ H‬ا&‪6‬‬

‫ آ(((( ذ‪ (((($‬و‪((((:‬ت‪..‬‬‫وه((ع‪ ..‬و‪ -((* ((W.‬د‪((H‬ت‬ ‫ا ‪..$‬‬ ‫ ا‪*((4‬ا ‪:‬آ((‪ 7‬و((‪ Q‬ا‪((D7‬ج‬‫‪ (((((($‬ا =((((((‪/‬س و‪F((((((&^2‬‬ ‫ا =‪ ? ../‬أ‪(=1* %^(#‬‬ ‫*‪ * $ V‬ا&(ن وا&(ت‬ ‫)أزوا‪ (((D‬و‪(( ((. =1(( D‬‬ ‫ذ‪..&&* $‬‬

‫‪c( 1‬ص ‪U(* a(* ..R(H‬ذون؟ (‬

‫?ب‪:‬‬

‫*‪U‬ذون ا ‪..‬‬ ‫) ((((( *((((‪] ..E&(((( * a‬زم ه((((‬

‫‪#.‬ة‪:‬‬

‫‪U* Hc6‬ذون‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪(&.‬ة ‪/((# (($ ((H ((4^:‬ر‬‫‪ =^2‬وه  ‪..=$ R‬‬

‫ا&‪:9#J‬‬

‫ ‪/$‬ك ‪ ,‬أ*‪..E‬‬

‫ه‪:9‬‬

‫)*==(  ‪ F‬ه ‪4‬ن ‪ F.‬أ*‪..E‬‬

‫ا&‪:9#J‬‬

‫)^‪ ]((( ..(((1‬ه(((‪U(((* Hc:‬ذون‪ ..‬وه(((‬ ‫‪ .. = 16‬و‪ [6‬ا آ ن‪..‬‬

‫‪299‬‬


โ€ซ  (((( ุง =((((โ€ช/โ€ฌุณ ุงโ€ช((((jโ€ฌุจ โ€ชย((((.โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุฉ โ€ช..sโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&>โ€ช 3โ€ฌุณโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ชE a* 1โ€ฌุŸโ€ฌ

โ€ซ โ€ช7(((^&.โ€ฌุบ ุฑุฃุณ ุง(((โ€ช/โ€ฌุข&ุฑ ((( โ€ฌโ€ซ* โ€ช gโ€ฌุงโ€ช/Vโ€ฌุงุฑ ุง &=โ€ช/โ€ฌู…โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง& ุขโ€ช#โ€ฌุฑโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุงโ€ช $โ€ฌุง ุฒโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&>โ€ช 3โ€ฌุณโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ)ูˆุง =โ€ช& $ (/โ€ฌุง ุฅโ€ชFโ€ฌุŸโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง& ุขโ€ช#โ€ฌุฑโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช $โ€ฌู‡ ูˆโ€ชcโ€ฌุตโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&>โ€ช 3โ€ฌุณโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ู„ โ€ช$โ€ฌูˆุฒ โ€ชjโ€ฌุน   โ€ชlโ€ฌุฏู…โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง& ุขโ€ช#โ€ฌุฑโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ)โ€ช * Cโ€ฌู‡ โ€ชjโ€ฌุน ูˆุงโ€ชcโ€ฌู„โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ โ€ช =U((( .โ€ฌุงโ€ช(((# ย(((. -((( Vโ€ฌุชโ€ฌโ€ซูˆุงโ€ช../โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&โ€ช::โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช .โ€ฌุง โ€ชUโ€ฌุฐูˆู† ุฏโ€ชAโ€ฌุŸโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง& ุขโ€ช#โ€ฌุฑโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ) โ€ช ((((/Vโ€ฌุฃโ€ช(((& a(((* (((6โ€ฌุน *(((ยŒุฐโ€ช ..โ€ฌุฃโ€ช(((6โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุฃโ€ช7: ..((# ((=&$โ€ฌูˆโ€ช(( (($ d((&Dโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุง ูˆุฑโ€ช..Fโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ูˆโ€ช &nโ€ฌุงโ€ช/โ€ฌุข&ุฑ ุฃ(โ€ชg( Fโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุงโ€ช/Vโ€ฌุงุฑโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ูˆุงโ€ช(((^& -((( Vโ€ฌุฏู† ุง>(((ุงุชโ€ฌโ€ซ*โ€ช(((sโ€ฌุฑู‰ ุง(((โ€ช7(((^&. ..Aโ€ฌุบ =(((โ€ฌ โ€ซุฑุฃุณ ุงโ€ช/โ€ฌุข&ุฑ โ€ช..6Xโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง& ุขโ€ช#โ€ฌุฑโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ โ€ช ((((( nโ€ฌูˆโ€ช(((((H (((((j$โ€ฌุดโ€ช ..โ€ฌูˆุงโ€ช(((((DLโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซูˆุงยุงุจ โ€ช /$โ€ฌุง โ€ช/$  ..โ€ฌูˆู‰โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ โ€ช g &n Xโ€ฌุงโ€ช/Vโ€ฌุงุฑโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช 5 =. -โ€ฌุขโ€ช..F:& &. Eโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช7:โ€ฌูˆโ€ช  $ d&Dโ€ฌุง ูˆุฑโ€ช..Fโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&โ€ช:9#Jโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ โ€ช(((&n (((Xโ€ฌู† (((โ€ช gโ€ฌุงโ€ช/(((Vโ€ฌุฑุงู†โ€ฌโ€ซ โ€ชc(( ((* ((l ((2โ€ฌู„ โ€ช/(($โ€ฌุฉโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช((2โ€ฌุช โ€ช( &6* ((:.โ€ฌุฌ &((ู†โ€ฌ โ€ซูˆุง&(((((((ู† โ€ช(((((((7โ€ฌู† (((((((โ€ชgโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุงโ€ช/Vโ€ฌุฑุงู† ) ุข ุง โ€ช(1โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช(((((&. -โ€ฌุฉ โ€ช(((((^&:โ€ฌุข โ€ช((((() ย(((((.โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช300โ€ฌโ€ฌ


‫&ه‪..‬‬

‫‪ 1‬أ‪V:‬ز د‪ &H‬وأ*ت د‪(* &H‬‬

‫ا&‪#J‬ة‪:‬‬

‫` * &‪.  1‬ح؟ دا ]  ‪4‬‬ ‫ و‪/^:‬و ‪&. $‬ه ا(ة وه(‬‫ه((((((‪(((((( . ..i‬ع *=((((((و]‬ ‫ آ((((( ا (((((‪B(((((V 1‬ب‬ ‫را‪..H‬‬ ‫ و آ(((( ا ((((‪((((=1^& 1‬‬‫*‪$ $ V‬ز‪.‬‬ ‫ و Œ((( ‪/(((^:‬أ ر‪..H(((, (((H‬‬‫ آ ا ‪..1‬‬ ‫ واا‪ ((((((H‬ا‪(((((( : H((((((j‬‬‫را‪ ((((H‬آ(((( ا ((((‪1‬‬ ‫‪ g((&n* (($‬ا‪L‬رآ((ن ‪E((&:‬‬ ‫ =‪..‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪301‬‬

‫–‬


โ€ซุง&  )โ€ช(204โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฑ โ€ช /โ€ฌุฑโ€ฌ โ€ซุง&โ€ชGโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง[ูˆู„ " ุง&โ€ช6โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ุข((( ุง (((โ€ช 1โ€ฌุฃโ€ช (((Gโ€ฌุฅุฐุงโ€ฌโ€ซ ((โ€ช ((D 5โ€ฌุง& (]ุช ุงโ€ช((.7โ€ฌูโ€ฌ โ€ซ (((โ€ช {Hโ€ฌุงโ€ช (((1: H(((jโ€ฌู‡(((โ€ชBโ€ฌุงโ€ฌ โ€ซุง โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ  (( โ€ช - ((&:โ€ฌุงโ€ช*((4โ€ฌุง ุงโ€ช{n((jโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุง(((โ€ช /โ€ฌุง (((ุฏ  (((โ€ช(((  Fโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช(((, ย(((.โ€ฌูˆุฏโ€ช(((s ((( & &* Aโ€ฌุกโ€ฌ โ€ซุฃ โ€ช /โ€ฌุงโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ^=โ€ช..=^ ..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฃ* โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ูˆโ€ช ((((((.โ€ฌุฑุข(((((( โ€ช(((((( -((((((^:โ€ฌู‰โ€ฌโ€ซุงโ€ชnโ€ฌุก *== โ€ชยŠ ย.โ€ฌุณโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ูˆุฃ ((((โ€ช((((, ย((((. /โ€ฌูˆุฏโ€ชF((((V&* Aโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช..l ย. =&6โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ^=โ€ช..=^ ..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฃ* โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ &(((( โ€ช 5((((Vโ€ฌุฅ(((( โ€ชDโ€ฌุงุฑู‡((((โ€ฌโ€ซ ((((โ€ช 5โ€ฌุงย’(((( ุฏูˆู† ุฃู† &((((โ€ชRโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ=โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ูˆู‡(( *==(( ] โ€ช R((&:โ€ฌุฅ((โ€ช..Fโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซูˆโ€ช E((( : (((l ย(((. (((=4โ€ฌุฅ(((โ€ชFโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ==&=(((( &(((( โ€ชย((((. (((( ::โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช..FGโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ูˆู‡((((  ((((โ€ช ((((=$ Rโ€ฌุฏูˆู† ุฃู†โ€ฌโ€ซ&โ€ช Rโ€ฌุฅ=โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ^=โ€ช..=^ ..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฃ* โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ูˆุฏูˆู† ุฃู† &((โ€ช Rโ€ฌุฅ=(( โ€ชVโ€ฌู‡((โ€ฌโ€ซ*โ€ช g F1โ€ฌุงโ€ช/(Vโ€ฌุงุฑโ€ชF:(# (X ..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช302โ€ฌโ€ฌ


‫‪ /D .‬وا&ام‪..‬‬

‫‪  $‬ا ور‪..F‬‬

‫أ* ‪:‬‬

‫ و‪ ((((((D‬ا]&((((((ل ‪((((((.7‬ف‬‫* ((((((& ا ر‪ ((((((H‬آ((((((‬ ‫ا ‪..1‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪303‬‬

‫–‬


โ€ซุง&  )โ€ช(205โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฑ โ€ช /โ€ฌุฑโ€ฌ โ€ซุง&โ€ชGโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุงโ€ช " hiโ€ฌุง&โ€ช6โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ โ€ช ((((((Dโ€ฌุง]&((((((]ุช ุฑุงโ€ช((((((Hโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ ุข ุง โ€ช..1โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ &((( โ€ช Q&(((:โ€ฌุงโ€ช*(((4โ€ฌุง ูˆโ€ช/(((Dโ€ฌู‰โ€ฌโ€ซูˆ(((โ€ช/โ€ฌุง ((((ุข ูˆู‡(((( โ€ช5&((((nโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช((>6โ€ฌุฉ โ€ช* ((&:โ€ฌุข((โ€ช7โ€ฌุฉ โ€ช..((6โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซูˆโ€ช((((.โ€ฌุก *((((โ€ช -โ€ฌุฒูˆโ€ช  /((((* ((((=Dโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซูˆ =  )= โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ูˆโ€ช((.โ€ฌุก ูˆ*(((โ€ช(((>  /โ€ฌุงู† ุฅ((( โ€ฌโ€ซ)= (((( ุง ^& (((( โ€ช ((((&: ((((Xโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช>6โ€ฌุงโ€ช ((( =&. ((( =:โ€ฌุฏ*โ€ช((( =$โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซูˆโ€ช ((((:โ€ฌุฃ((((โ€ช/((((# (((($ Fโ€ฌุฑโ€ฌ โ€ซุฒูˆโ€ช  /((((((((* ((((((((=Dโ€ฌุง((((((((โ€ชBโ€ฌู‰โ€ฌ โ€ซ&โ€ช.. =) -* =Gโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ูˆุฑุฏ โ€ช(( E((1.โ€ฌุฉ ุฃ((โ€ช (($ F6โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซูˆโ€ช F(((((Dโ€ฌูˆโ€ช/(((((Dโ€ฌู‰ ุง(((((โ€ชBโ€ฌู‰ ^(((((โ€ช/โ€ฌูˆโ€ฌ โ€ซ* โ€ช Hโ€ฌุขโ€ช E2โ€ฌูˆโ€ช/ /Hโ€ฌุฃ &(ูƒโ€ฌ โ€ซ*&&((((( (((((โ€ช (((((X ..Fโ€ฌู‡* (((((โ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ช..Fโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ) โ€ช  6 =: * (g1Gโ€ฌุฃ*ู„โ€ช( ..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆ ู‰โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆุงู‘ *โ€ช aโ€ฌุŸโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ช >6 -.โ€ฌูˆโ€ช/(Dโ€ฌู‰ โ€ช ($โ€ฌุง& (โ€ชBโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุงโ€ช..56 ^sโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ช - ((((((((&&.โ€ฌุงโ€ช*((((((((4โ€ฌุง ((((((((โ€ช56โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ*&ุงโ€ช $ Hโ€ฌุงโ€ชs6Lโ€ฌู…โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฃโ€ช a* 6โ€ฌู‡ู‚ โ€ช.. 6โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช:UFโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช304โ€ฌโ€ฌ


โ€ซ ุฅ(( ุฃู† โ€ช ((:โ€ฌุงโ€ช*((4โ€ฌุง โ€ช (($โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุข((ู… ุง((ุณ ุง((โ€ชBโ€ฌู‰ ุฃโ€ชc((: %^((#โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุฑู‡โ€ช Cโ€ฌุง]ุฑโ€ช:โ€ฌุนโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ชf(((.โ€ฌุฐุง โ€ช -(((^ F(((& H ((($โ€ฌุงโ€ช(((1โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช(((.Hโ€ฌุก ูˆ(((โ€ช/6โ€ฌุง ุฑุฃ(((โ€ช((( Fโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุขโ€ช..Fโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ   (โ€ช Eโ€ฌุฅ(โ€ช Fโ€ฌูˆโ€ช/(Dโ€ฌู‰ >(โ€ฌโ€ซุฅโ€ช (* Fโ€ฌุฃ(โ€ช E(: Eโ€ฌุง(ุณ &(โ€ชUโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ*((((โ€ช(((( ย((((. Eโ€ฌุฉ ูˆุงโ€ช/((((6โ€ฌู‡ุดโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซูˆโ€ชUV.โ€ฌุฉ โ€ช (* /:โ€ฌูˆโ€ช/(Dโ€ฌู‰ โ€ช4(Wโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ*โ€ช 4((G. ..(($2โ€ฌุฃ((ู‰โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ชU(((.โ€ฌู‰โ€ช R(((&. ..โ€ฌุฅ(((โ€ช Fโ€ฌุงโ€ช (((1โ€ฌูˆ ู‰โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซู‡{  โ€ช* & d&: ..$โ€ฌู†โ€ชa(* ..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ & ุคู„โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ& *ู†โ€ช: * ..โ€ฌูˆุญ  * & ุฅโ€ชFโ€ฌุŸโ€ฌ โ€ซ) โ€ช(((jโ€ฌูˆุฏ( ุฃโ€ช (((. 4.((( (((6โ€ฌุง(((ุณ ุฏู‰โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&& โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ(((ุง *โ€ช (((/โ€ฌุงโ€ช((((nโ€ฌู„ ุง โ€ช(((jโ€ฌุฏโ€ช5(((( ..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซย“(((โ€ช ..gโ€ฌุฏู‰ ุง โ€ช (((/โ€ฌุง((( ู‡(((โ€ช&:โ€ฌู‚โ€ฌ โ€ซุฏโ€ช.. &Hโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ช((((^&.โ€ฌู‚ โ€ช (((($โ€ฌูˆโ€ช/((((Dโ€ฌู‰ โ€ช((((6โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุงโ€ช..1โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช..a1:  6โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&& โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช#$% -โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช305โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€“โ€ฌ


‫ا&  )‪(206‬‬

‫ر ‪ /‬ر‬ ‫ا&‪G‬‬

‫ا[ول " ا&‪6‬‬

‫ أ (((‪ /‬و(((ى ا‪(((n‬ء ‪(((.‬‬‫>((((((( ود ‪ [((((((( $‬وه (((((((‬ ‫* &‪/‬ان إ ا‪/V‬ار‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪ ((((= ((((j‬إ‪((((,‬رات *‪1‬ه((((‬‫"‪ gn6‬أو]د"‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪(  F j&.‬ة ‪( &" ($‬‬‫اس"‬ ‫ ‪_1& .‬‬‫ إ‪((,‬رات‪ ..‬آ ((( ‪((H‬ل أ(((‪/‬ه ‬‫—(((((( ‪ (((((($‬أ*‪(((((($ F((((((6‬‬ ‫ا ((&^‪ E‬آ((ن ا((د <‪((,‬رة‬ ‫*(((( "& (((( ا((((س"‪((((X ..‬‬ ‫ا]*&‪1‬ض‪..‬‬ ‫ &((((( ‪((((( E(((((:‬ى ‪((((( H‬‬‫‪..=&^$‬‬ ‫‪#$% -‬‬

‫‪306‬‬

‫–‬


โ€ซุง&  )โ€ช(207โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฑ โ€ช /โ€ฌุฑโ€ฌ โ€ซุง&โ€ชGโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุงโ€ช " hiโ€ฌุง&โ€ช6โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ูˆโ€ช/((Dโ€ฌู‰ *^((ู‚ ุงโ€ชE((*U& ((1โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุงโ€ช..1โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ุงโ€ช(((. (((1โ€ฌู‚ โ€ช E(((:โ€ฌุง(((ุณ โ€ชย(((.โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช,โ€ฌูˆุฏโ€ช..Aโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ*(( โ€ช (( 6โ€ฌุฃโ€ช((Hโ€ฌู„ ((ุณ ุฏู‰ โ€ช((j$โ€ฌุง *((โ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&& โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ชH:โ€ฌุด โ€ช(* ..4 6โ€ฌุฏุงู… โ€ช/(:โ€ฌุฑูˆุง โ€ช(j1:โ€ฌุงโ€ฌ โ€ซุขโ€ช..A/โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช R& X -โ€ฌุฅ ูˆโ€ช/Dโ€ฌู‰ โ€ชUV.โ€ฌุฉโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุงโ€ช a((* R((6โ€ฌุฒโ€ช ((l (( ((($โ€ฌุŸ ุงโ€ช(((:โ€ฌูโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&& โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฃ*ู„ ุฒโ€ช $โ€ฌุฅุฒุงู‰ุŸโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ช/(((((^:โ€ฌูˆ ุง(((((ุฉ โ€ช ((((($โ€ฌูˆโ€ชF(((((Dโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซูˆโ€ช/Dโ€ฌู‰โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ูˆโ€ช 4โ€ฌุงโ€ช$(  (1โ€ฌู† *( ู‡(โ€ชCโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซูˆุงโ€ช(((( ((((Hโ€ฌุงุฑ (((( *ุฏ((((โ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ช# $Uโ€ฌุชโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฃ= ุงโ€ช(Lโ€ฌุฉ ุง &โ€ช(Hโ€ฌู† ุง(โ€ช/(& $7โ€ฌุซโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&& โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฅโ€ช..4โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ช gH&&.โ€ฌุง  โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ ูˆโ€ช R&:โ€ฌุงโ€ช>6Lโ€ฌุฑโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช -โ€ฌูˆูˆโ€ช/Dโ€ฌู‰ โ€ช& 1jโ€ฌุฑุทโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฃโ€ช/:โ€ฌุซ ุฅ= ุฃโ€ชHโ€ฌู„ ุฅโ€ช Fโ€ฌุง โ€ชnโ€ฌุจ &โ€ชdโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆ ู‰โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ูˆโ€ช 4โ€ฌุงโ€ช..^) F U^1 ] 1โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุงโ€ช F6โ€ฌุง(โ€ช $7โ€ฌุง(โ€ชBโ€ฌู‰ โ€ช(:โ€ฌุงุฑู‰ ูˆุงโ€ช(^6โ€ฌู‰ (โ€ชgโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&& โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซู‡(((โ€ชBโ€ฌุง ุง(((โ€ช/โ€ฌุซ ุงโ€ช ..(((>1โ€ฌู‡((( ู‡((( &(((โ€ช/โ€ฌุซโ€ฌ โ€ซุฅโ€ช..4โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ูˆูˆโ€ช/(((((Dโ€ฌู‰ โ€ชF(((((* C^(((((: /(((((Hโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุงโ€ช1โ€ฌู‚โ€ช F &&* ..โ€ฌูˆโ€ช1, /Hโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช307โ€ฌโ€ฌ


‫ &رط‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪7(((.‬داد ا((( ‪ ..R‬وا (((‪4‬ن‬‫وا‪1‬ن *‪/j‬ودة إ‪..F‬‬ ‫ ‪/((( ] F(((: ((( H \(((^.‬رى‬‫‪..(((* : g1(((G (((& ˆ(((,‬‬ ‫‪ [2.‬آ  وا‪/‬ة‪..‬‬

‫)آ = ‪/$ (d‬و‪.. 6‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ وا(( ‪d((  c((. .. &(( * R‬‬‫و‪/((D‬ى إ] أن  ((&‪ /‬و‪ ((&1‬‬ ‫‪ E(((: ((( H‬ا(((س إ((( ‪(((D‬ار‬ ‫ا‪ F(((V&&. ..(((1‬إ(((‪ F‬ا‪(((>6L‬ر‬ ‫أآ‪4. ..‬ر‪..‬‬

‫‪/$‬و‪.. 6‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ ‪ ..R ((# ((X‬و] ‪((1‬ف *((ذا‬‫ل‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪ 1.‬ا‪..dG‬‬‫ ‪/(((((V.‬ه ‪d(((((G& (((((#.‬‬‫*‪..=1‬‬ ‫ ‪7.‬داد ‪ ==* =4W‬وه(‬‫‪ G‬ن آ ‪ $‬آ‪..g‬‬ ‫ ‪ -2((((.‬ه(((( أ‪((((==H ((((G‬‬‫‪ $‬وه ‪(G‬ب *(= آ(‬ ‫‪ $‬آ‪..g‬‬

‫‪  6&4W‬أو]د ا<‪F‬؟‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ ‪7.‬داد ‪..=4W‬‬‫   ‪ C‬و‪ (>` (=D‬وه(‬‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫* ‪ :‬ا‪ E:‬أآ = ‪ $‬إ‪F‬؟‬

‫&‪ R‬إ ا‪ 1‬ه* ‪..‬‬ ‫‪ F 5 =. -‬ا‪..Œ 1‬‬

‫ا&& ‪:‬‬

‫ا‪..1‬‬

‫‪ C2n. -‬و‪/D‬ى Œ‪..‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ا‪..1‬‬

‫‪ -‬و ((((((‪ R4‬و‪/((((((D‬ى‪FU(((((( . ..‬‬

‫‪308‬‬


‫أ‪/‬ه‪..‬‬

‫وا* ‪:‬‬

‫* ‪ F‬ا‪1‬؟‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ا‪6 1‬ر  أ ‪ ..‬أ‪ 6‬ه ‪4(,‬ا آ(‪E‬‬ ‫‪ D‬واّ إ‪F‬؟‬

‫‪..l FˆD. -‬‬

‫إ((( (((‪c‬ص ((( *‪(((j‬آ ((( أ(((&ذ‬

‫ا‪:Bn‬‬

‫‪7‬و*((((‪ F‬إ((((‪ F‬ا‪((((j‬ح؟ آ=(((( د‪((((&H‬‬ ‫و‪ * : %& 6‬ا& م‪..2 l ..‬‬ ‫أ‪F(( d(( 6 ((, R((6‬؟ *(( ‪((X) ((=&:‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫‪((#‬ر( (( أ=(( ا‪((L‬ة ا &‪((H‬ن‪..‬‬ ‫)‪/(((= (((X‬وء( أ‪((($ (((6‬وز ا‪ 4(((H‬آ (((‬ ‫وا‪/‬ة‪..‬‬ ‫ وو‪((.‬ء ‪ =(( ((=) E((^:‬وه(( ‬‫*‪ (((((1‬ا>((((( ‪ (((((.‬آ (((((ت‬ ‫و‪/D‬ى =(‪ ..‬و‪$ (&:‬ه(‬ ‫ ‪ ((1‬زو‪  /((* ((=D‬ا((‪B‬ى‬ ‫آ((((‪((((61 ((((=. A(((($ 7‬ة‬ ‫‪ ..((((H‬وه(((( ‪((((# ((((.‬اع‬ ‫‪ 6‬دا ‪..‬‬

‫((( ‪ (((2 (((j$‬ا((( ‪ D‬ه((( دى‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫^ ه‪ D a16‬ا‪n‬ل ا ‪j‬د‪..‬‬ ‫‪ F. %. -‬أ‪/‬ه‪..‬‬

‫ا‪ F & d 6 R6‬ل‪..‬‬

‫ا&‪:I‬‬

‫ ‪ U((((D.‬ا‪((((. -(((( V‬ء و‪/((((H‬‬‫ا‪ E((((: R((((&$‬ا((((س ‪((((=2‬‬ ‫‪^:‬در د ‪ .‬ا‪16‬ل‪..‬‬

‫)‪((#‬ر‪ (F‬آ((‪ ((, E‬ء ‪E(( ((* E((^H‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫ ^((( (((ل‪ (((ˆV* (((& ..‬ه((( آ(((ن‬ ‫*‪((V‬د ((ل‪ ((* ..‬آ((ن ((‪/‬ق؟ ‪((4‬‬ ‫أه(((‪ E((( ..E((( F‬وا‪ ((( :‬ع ا (((‬ ‫ا‪ 4$  5 ..‬د‪ 6‬وأ‪ 6‬أو ‪(4‬‬ ‫‪ (((.‬ا (((ارة‪ C((( 6 ..‬ا‪(((*L‬ر  ((( ؟‬

‫‪309‬‬


โ€ซโ€ช (. F^ 6โ€ฌุง>(โ€ช Eโ€ฌูˆุงู‘( โ€ชE(V (1* F(H6โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ((&โ€ช %โ€ฌู… ุง(( ู‡(( ((โ€ชFโ€ฌุŸ โ€ช(($โ€ฌูˆุฒ โ€ฌ โ€ซุฃู‡((ุจ  ((ุช ูˆุฃ((^โ€ช Fโ€ฌูˆ((โ€ช ((. A/โ€ฌุง((โ€ฌ โ€ซ* ` ุŸโ€ฌ โ€ซ ูˆ  (( )=(( ^โ€ช=/(( (( ((4โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช((((((((* R((((((((:โ€ฌุฃู‰ ุงโ€ช((((((((>6Lโ€ฌุฑโ€ฌ โ€ซุง &โ€ช R(&: .. ยŒ )1โ€ฌูˆโ€ช(.โ€ฌุกโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช 6โ€ฌูˆโ€ช/Dโ€ฌู‰โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ)โ€ช#โ€ฌุฑ(โ€ช ..โ€ฌุฃโ€ช(1* (6โ€ฌูƒโ€ช ..โ€ฌุฃโ€ช %(# R(6โ€ฌูˆุฃโ€ช(6โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซูˆโ€ช.โ€ฌุกโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช %#โ€ฌูˆุง *โ€ช..%# ^ 61โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ   โ€ชVโ€ฌู‰ )=( โ€ช (6โ€ฌุฃ (โ€ชFโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ*โ€ช..  /โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ูˆโ€ช E((^Hโ€ฌุฃู† ((ุฏ โ€ช ((=$โ€ฌูˆโ€ช/((Dโ€ฌู‰โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุฅุฐุง (((((ู‰ ุงโ€ช(((((nโ€ฌุก ูˆโ€ช/(((((Hโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุงโ€ช R(((&$โ€ฌุง&(((โ€ช E(((=: Eโ€ฌุข(((ุชโ€ฌ โ€ซ((((โ€ช..(((($ ^(((($ ย((((. =/โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซูˆุงโ€ช& - Vโ€ฌู† ุฅ=โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ *((((โ€ช((((   /โ€ฌู‡ *(((( ((((โ€ชFโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ &โ€ช^1โ€ฌุท โ€ช /(  (Xโ€ฌุฑุฒ*( *(โ€ฌ โ€ซุข^ุฉ โ€ช E2โ€ฌุงโ€ชBโ€ฌู‰ ^โ€ช.. 4โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ &โ€ช:9โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช /โ€ฌุง  ุงุฑุขโ€ช Cโ€ฌุง ุงโ€ช/D a/: * %Dโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ  ( )โ€ช(D F(1โ€ฌุฑโ€ช(j* Aโ€ฌุง ((โ€ชFโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช (((6โ€ฌุงโ€ช(((nโ€ฌุก ุง&((( โ€ชE(((=:โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ช..^1โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&ุฑโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ &ู„ ุฅโ€ช Fโ€ฌุง^โ€ช Rโ€ฌุงโ€ช nโ€ฌุฏู‰ุŸโ€ฌ

โ€ซ &โ€ช:9โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ*โ€ช d( aโ€ฌูˆุฏุงู† โ€ช(= - ( :โ€ฌุŸ & (โ€ช Uโ€ฌุฃโ€ช(6โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ชFโ€ฌุŸโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช/(((($โ€ฌู… ุง ยŠุง((((โ€ชBโ€ฌุฉโ€ช ..โ€ฌุฃโ€ช ..=1*(((( ((((6โ€ฌูˆุข((((โ€ชEโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&ุฑโ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช$ 5 ..Dโ€ฌูˆุฒ ุงโ€ช=.โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ &โ€ช:9โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช310โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุงโ€ช((. R((6โ€ฌู‡ ูˆุฃโ€ช((. ((6โ€ฌู‡โ€ช ..โ€ฌูˆุข((โ€ช Eโ€ฌุง((ุณ ุฏู‰โ€ฌ


‫‪.‬ه ‪Q^1&  5 ..‬‬ ‫أ‪  Q^1& a* 6‬أ&ذ‪ C: ..‬أ‪d&^X‬‬

‫ا&ر‪:‬‬

‫ ‪ -./ X‬ا‪(V‬ر *(‪/‬ا آ(ت‬‫(((((ى ‪ (((((.‬ا&=(((((‪F(((((/ E‬‬ ‫وا‪2(((#‬ع ا‪ [(((2‬ا(((*‪R‬‬ ‫ ‪..F&j‬‬ ‫ ‪BV&.‬ب إ‪ F‬ا‪>6L‬ر‪..‬‬‫ ‪f.‬ذا ‪($ => l {nj‬‬‫* ] ‪ $‬ا‪L‬آ&ف‪E(=. ..‬‬ ‫‪ 5 V=:‬ا‪..2‬‬ ‫ وإذا ‪ - V‬و‪=( R/(^: /H‬‬‫ا>(((ات ‪(((2 (((X‬ن ‪U(((V.‬ة‬ ‫((((((((ددون آ((((((((ت ه((((((((‪B‬ا‬ ‫ا‪ {n((((((j‬ا  ((((((ل ‪ (((((($‬‬ ‫ا‪L‬آ&ف‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪((((6 [((((2.‬ح ‪ F((((s‬ا((((‪B‬ى‬‫(((^‪ %‬ا(((ت ا(((‪(((. /‬‬ ‫ا ‪..2‬‬ ‫ ‪ ((=>.‬ا‪ {n((j‬ا ((‪ /‬و‪ ((.‬‬‫‪  : F$‬ى ‪ , $‬ء‪..‬‬ ‫   و‪ g(H‬و‪/(D‬ى و‪(W /(H‬ع‬‫‪ ((.‬ا‪((7‬م‪B((* (( ((* ..‬هل‬ ‫‪:‬رة‪ ..‬و  ‪(464* 4W‬‬ ‫)ر ‪:‬رة أى‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪ -(((2H‬إ((( *(((‪C(((H (((.  /‬‬‫ا=‪*  D‬د‪..‬‬

‫ &‪:9‬‬

‫‪ -‬و‪U((((V. F((((4‬ة &‪F((((64* /(((( V‬‬

‫‪311‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪ ..‬ا‪  . &6‬أم ‪cD‬ل؟‬


‫‪../  A$ &: */$‬‬

‫ &‪:9‬‬

‫)  ((ة( )((‪ C‬وأ‪ ((6‬آ((ن *(( و*((ل‬ ‫ا ^(((((((ر؟ *((((((( (((((((‪ {H‬ا ^(((((((ر‪..‬‬ ‫وا‪2‬ل‪ ..‬وا‪ (,4‬آ (ن‪(,&  ..‬‬ ‫‪((H‬ش *ا(( ‪(( 1‬ا (( ‪((,‬ر  ‪/((H‬‬ ‫آ‪/‬ه((‪ ..F‬و‪((G ((=$ x^((26‬ر آ ((ن‪..‬‬ ‫واه آ‪ F‬ز‪ ...‬و‪( =: ($ 6/(1 (^6‬‬ ‫ا ^ر‪ ..‬ا ^ر ا‪, $j‬ق `ب‬ ‫‪ ,‬ل ‪D‬ب‪..‬‬

‫ ‪ 56 .‬ا> ا&( و‪R(#‬‬‫‪ (((((=.‬و‪(((((.‬ء ]ه(((((‪Q&(((((: ..‬‬ ‫)=‪..‬‬ ‫‪74. -‬ه *‪..  /‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫ا‪ 6/‬د‪..‬‬

‫ &‪:9‬‬

‫وإ *‪ * ..‬ا‪ ..2 : & j6‬ه(‬ ‫‪6D‬؟ *ش ا د‪$‬ة‪..‬‬ ‫ا ‪  F *U:‬أ  ‪cD‬ل‪..‬‬

‫و‪.‬ء‪:‬‬

‫ ‪ -(((2H‬إ((( و‪/(((D‬ى ((( ‪(((X‬‬‫‪..%‬‬

‫  و‪..4‬‬

‫و ى‪:‬‬

‫ ‪ F((( .‬أ(((‪/‬ه ‪ ((($‬آ&(((‪..F‬‬‫‪ -./(((.‬و‪/(((D‬ى *=(((‪5((( c‬‬ ‫ا‪ ((2‬ا‪ ((*1‬و‪((: /((H‬ك‪..‬‬ ‫‪ F(((((((1^&.‬ا‪(((((((* -((((((( V‬دد‬ ‫آ‪F:‬‬ ‫   ا&(‪ R‬إ(‪( F‬دة ا (‪/‬‬‫ & ((‪ ((X ..‬راح  (( ‪&*((#‬‬ ‫‪  W‬ا^‪ g H‬و‪/D‬ى‪..‬‬ ‫ و ((((((&  اآ((((((‪ C‬ا =((((((‪E‬‬‫ &=‪ g R*# i‬ا (ات‬ ‫  ا  ‪..‬‬

‫‪312‬‬


โ€ซ โ€ช  /* E .โ€ฌู‡*  โ€ช{n(jโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ โ€ชVโ€ฌุงุฑโ€ช..Aโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ &โ€ช:9โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช1:โ€ฌู โ€ช V=& :โ€ฌุข  " ุฏ"ุŸโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&โ€ช:Iโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ)^โ€ช..1โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ โ€ช((((((6 F((((((1 F(((((( 7(((((( s.โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุงโ€ช {njโ€ฌุง โ€ช../โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ &โ€ช:9โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ)ู‡* ( )โ€ช . = Cโ€ฌูƒ  โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&โ€ช:Iโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ)*โ€ช$Bโ€ฌุฑุง * ุง โ€ช (/โ€ฌูˆโ€ช (^V:โ€ฌุง(^โ€ชcโ€ฌูˆู‰โ€ฌ โ€ซุฃโ€ชF 6โ€ฌุŸโ€ช . =n: * ..โ€ฌูƒ ุฃโ€ช..R6โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ โ€ชf.โ€ฌุฐุง โ€ช (l EDโ€ฌุข(ู† *&(โ€ชRโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ= ((((( &(((((โ€ช(((((6 $B((((( Rโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุงโ€ช {n(((((jโ€ฌุง (((((โ€ช7((((( s. ../โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุงโ€ชV EDโ€ฌุฑโ€ช 6 Aโ€ฌุง โ€ช../โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ช&&.โ€ฌุง ุงโ€ช7 sโ€ฌุงุช ุง โ€ช7โ€ฌูˆุฑุฉโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ ูˆโ€ช/(( /((Hโ€ฌุฃ  ((ุฏ ุงุข((โ€ช Cโ€ฌุฑโ€ชC(($โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ*โ€ช&4โ€ฌู…โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ช _(((((((1โ€ฌุงโ€ช(((((((.Lโ€ฌุงโ€ช Aโ€ฌุง โ€ช/(((((((1:โ€ฌุฉโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช ((((((((($ R (((((((((:โ€ฌุงุข(((((((((โ€ฌ โ€ซูˆโ€ช&:โ€ฌุงุฑู‰โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ (((((โ€ช/โ€ฌุฃุช ุงโ€ช/(((((Lโ€ฌู‰ โ€ชย(((((. g(((((n:โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุข&=((( ุง&=((( &((( โ€ช(((4:โ€ฌุฏโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช.. ,c&:โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ูˆุง(((((^โ€ช/((((( _1โ€ฌุฃ &โ€ช((((($ (((((nโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุงุข(((โ€ช ย(((. Cโ€ฌุงโ€ช((( 6โ€ฌุจ *& (((โ€ชEโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ(((โ€ช ((($ gโ€ฌุงโ€ช g(((#โ€ฌุขโ€ชF(((6Uโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ*โ€ชVโ€ฌุฏ *&ุฌโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ุงโ€ช((((Xโ€ฌู† *((((( ุง &โ€ช((((($ (((((nโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุงุข(((((โ€ช2^1&(((((  Cโ€ฌู† ุข(((((โ€ช=6Uโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ*โ€ชVโ€ฌุฏ *&โ€ช..Dโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฅโ€ช Fโ€ฌุฏูˆู„ุŸ * =ุŸ โ€ช$โ€ฌูˆุฒ ุฅโ€ชFโ€ฌุŸโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง\ูˆู„โ€ช:โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช313โ€ฌโ€ฌ


โ€ซ) &โ€ช^1โ€ฌุท( โ€ช6โ€ฌุณ โ€ชW.โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&โ€ช:9FQโ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ ูˆุข  *( ุงุข(โ€ช Cโ€ฌุฃ*(ู… โ€ช-)(:โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุง ุงุช โ€ช &nโ€ฌุง^โ€ช .._1โ€ฌูˆโ€ช/(Hโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ช/โ€ฌุฃ ุงโ€ช/1โ€ฌุฏ โ€ช/: Eโ€ฌุฑโ€ช..Vโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ  ((( ูˆโ€ช/(((Dโ€ฌู‰ * (((] โ€ช ((($โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุงโ€ช ย. g&4โ€ฌุง โ€ช & * */โ€ฌุง โ€ชย.โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซุขโ€ช F:โ€ฌุง&= ] (โ€ช/โ€ฌุฑู‰ (โ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช((((Vโ€ฌู‰ โ€ช ..A((((= ย((((.โ€ฌูˆุฅ(((( โ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ชDโ€ฌุงุฑโ€ช6 Aโ€ฌุญ *โ€ช..sโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ูˆุงโ€ชย(((((((.  &((((((( * {n(((((((jโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ* โ€ช  F:โ€ฌุง^ ุง( ุง&( โ€ฌ โ€ซ] โ€ช((= ((#. /((V:โ€ฌุจ ูˆ*((=โ€ฌ โ€ซ*โ€ช .  /โ€ฌูˆโ€ช.โ€ฌุก ูˆุง = โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ โ€ช((((1  /((((* (((($ ((((&:โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซุงโ€ช {n(((jโ€ฌุง (((โ€ช-2(((. ../โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ*((โ€ช (($  /โ€ฌุง((ุฑ ุง & ((*โ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช ..(( $* [(( 1:โ€ฌูˆโ€ช /((Hโ€ฌุฃ)(([โ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช..s* F:#โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ &โ€ช:9โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุฃุข((ู† *(( =โ€ช ((Vโ€ฌุง((โ€ช 6/โ€ฌูˆโ€ช ..=:((j6โ€ฌุฃุฑู‰โ€ฌ โ€ซุงโ€ช 6/โ€ฌุฃโ€ช ..F4โ€ฌูˆุงโ€ช/โ€ฌู‡ &โ€ช..6โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ โ€ช F  &^.โ€ฌุงโ€ช..{njโ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซ โ€ช7&.โ€ฌุฏุงุฏ โ€ช  /(* .โ€ฌูˆโ€ช[(2โ€ฌโ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช F` ย.โ€ฌุฃุขยโ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซ ูˆ&(((((โ€ช/โ€ฌุฑุฌ =(((((ุฑ ุง] & (((((*โ€ฌโ€ซโ€ช ((((($โ€ฌูˆโ€ช F(((((Dโ€ฌุงโ€ช -((((( Vโ€ฌุง(((((โ€ชBโ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ช/(((((((Vโ€ฌูˆโ€ช[((((((( & (((((((#. =6โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซโ€ชs.โ€ฌู†โ€ช..โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซุง&โ€ช::โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซ) &(((((โ€ช/โ€ฌุฑุฌ( ุฃุข(((((ุฏ *((((( =โ€ช (((((Vโ€ฌุง(((((โ€ช6/โ€ฌโ€ฌ โ€ซูˆโ€ช..=:j6โ€ฌโ€ฌ

โ€ซโ€ช314โ€ฌโ€ฌ


‫ ‪/^.‬أ ا‪s‬ء *‪s‬ش ‪(` ($‬ء‬‫‪6‬ح‪..‬‬ ‫ ‪6 R&.‬ح *‪$B‬را‪..‬‬‫ و‪/((((D‬ى &‪U((((V. /(((( V‬ة وه((((‬‫ &‪B(* U(D. F( /‬ه]‪..‬‬ ‫‪7((.‬ل *(( ‪ (($‬آ&((‪F((* g‬‬ ‫و‪/(((j* F((64* g(((H: /((H‬وه‪..‬‬ ‫ورآ‪ C‬ا‪s‬ء ] ‪?( F( U^1‬‬ ‫ (((ون ‪ =((() (((.‬وه(((‬ ‫‪ (((($ F((((61./‬ا&((((ا *((((‬ ‫)((= و‪((4: F(($‬د ‪((V:‬‬ ‫*(( ا‪ %^(( ((& …((s‬ذ((‪E‬‬ ‫اآ‪g(j4 d( . ..* : C‬‬ ‫‪(((l‬ه ا‪(((V1‬ز ا(((‪B‬ى >(((‬ ‫إ((((‪$B((((* F‬را‪ ..‬وو‪/((((D‬ى ]‬ ‫ (((‪ d‬إ] أن =(((‪ (((* A7‬آ&(((‪F‬‬ ‫ ‪ g((((((((((1‬وا‪((((((((((16‬ل دون أن‬ ‫‪ -*/((( (((& ..[(((2‬ا‪(((V1‬ز‬ ‫ (( ‪ F((/‬دون أن &‪(($ g((H‬‬ ‫ا‪s‬ء‪..‬‬

‫ا&ز‪:‬‬

‫ ‪((&.‬ك ا‪((V1‬ز ا((‪B‬ى ‪((V‬ى‬‫*=و] [ آ‪..C‬‬ ‫   و‪/D‬ى ‪(61* (> (.‬ة‬‫و‪/‬ا‪..‬‬ ‫ وإذا آ ‪464* ^$‬‬‫‪..F^:‬‬ ‫‪&. -‬ك إ ا‪*L‬م‪ ..‬واآ‬

‫‪315‬‬

‫أآد * =‪ V‬ا‪ 6/‬و‪=:j6‬‬


‫ا ‪: ((464‬ا‪((> (( F((:‬‬ ‫وا‪L‬ى‪ (  ..‬رأى ا& ( ‬ ‫‪H‬د*((( *((( ‪(((. ../(((1‬د (((‪F‬‬ ‫ذرا‪ ..(^* F$‬وه( * (& ‬ ‫‪ (((((((((.‬آ&(((((((((‪ F‬ا‪^(((((((((1‬‬ ‫ا ‪..464‬‬

‫‪ -‬ا‪-‬‬

‫–‬ ‫‪ Gk l‬ا‪E/! j‬‬

‫‪316‬‬

فلوس فلوس فلوس  

النسخة الرقمية شاملة النهاية تأليف د. مدكور ثابت

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