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EÖTVÖS TOWER


EÖTVÖS

Angela Sofía García Madero Ana Karen Cerda García Juan Alberto Galicia Osorno


This work is dedicated to the architect Alejandro Rodriguez, without his guidance this project would have not been possible.


INDEX

INTRODUCTION SITE

RESEARCH

BUBBLES + FOAM EXPERIMENTS FOOTPRINT - HEIGHT WEAIRE - PHELAN SIZE / PROGRAM COLOR ADITIONAL

DESIGN ENGINE SCRIPTING EVOLUTION PROGRAM CIRCULATION STRUCTURE EÖTVÖS

EXTERIOR VIEWS FLOOR PLANS INTERIOR VIEWS


INTRODUCTION This project is the direct result of an extensive research on the inner works of bubbles and how they work together to create minimal surfaces and tension working structures. Eötvös is a mixed development tower located in San Pedro Garza García, Nuevo León, and takes part in the future Del Valle City development, which seeks to create a “small city” in Valle Oriente, inside Monterrey, consisting of arround 50 skyscrapers to be built in the next 30 years, all of them having mixed uses.


SITE The site itself is currently used to hold different sorts of activities, from parachuting to cycling. The area has three important buildings: Dataflux, Comercial AmĂŠrica and Hospital Zambrano, and during the next three decades, Del Valle City contemplates to build 50 skyscrapers and buildings up to thirty-stories high.

Left to Right; Hospital Zambrano, Dataflux and Comercial America

Existing skyscrapers (red) and future Del Valle City (white)


BUBBLES + FOAM RESEARCH = PARAMETERS

The starting point to this project was to create a 200 meter skyscraper, using parametric design and algorithms born from an extense research to create a new typology and building concept that could become an emblem to the city. In the search for new space properties and self-filling structures that would automaticly create an appealing and new way of building and spaces but at the same time respond to their changing environment, the space-filling tensile structures like bubbles became highly interesting. Bubbles/Foam Characteristics:

SELF

-generating space -optimising structure -organization

MINIMAL Tensile Light Eficient

-surface -material

STRUCTURE

Bubbles tend to form under a variety of circumstances which state the way in which they grow and behave according mainly to the pressure they are submited to. This pressure can be caused by heat, air, humidity, noise, etc.


Placing the context’s existing buildings as ‘‘heat’’ (light bulbs), an experiment was made on how bubbles would behave in the site’s conditions reacting to what was already there and what will later on be built. site’s ‘‘heat’’ points

0:10

0:20

0:40

1:00

3:00

EXPERIMENT


model’s ‘‘light bulbs’ points 0:00

0:15

0:30

0:50

1:30

8:00

BUBBLES + FOAM


Experiment #4 Frame 8:10 min.

After recreating this experiment six times, a deeper understanding of the way bubbles react to pressure was achieved, concluding that the bigger bubbles poped first whith the pressure (heat), leaving the smaller ones last. Simultanuously bubbles tend to move away from the heat. A time frame was chosen from the 4th experiment based on the footprint it created to become the starting point for EĂ–TVĂ–S skyscraper. From this footprint, the centroids of the bigger (therefore most resistent) bubbles where used as the vertical growth path, that at the same time would have the same behavior shown on the experiment: if it recieved more heat, the growth would be less than the ones that recieved less heat.

FOOTPRINT + HEIGHT


Bubbles will always be spherical when stable and when not touching a surface, but when they join with two or more others, they start deforming, connected at 120º angles, forming a series of “y” shapes. There are many diferent ways to recreate space-filling structures like bubbles, one of them is the Weaire-Phelan. The Weaire-Phelan system proposes a more efficient and defined way to recreate these kind of structures through two specific polyhedrons: dodecahedron and tetrakaidecahedron. These geometries have the least possible surface working together than any other ones.

DODECAHEDRON

Irregular dodecahedron 12 pentagonal faces (sides) 20 vertices 2 «Y» component unions

103o 107o 107o

107o

TETRAKAIDECAHEDRON

14 sides: 2 hexagonal 12 pentagonal 24 vertices 4 «Y» component unions

112o

117o

112o 103o

107o

107o

103o

103o 122o

107o

o 103o 127

107o

WEAIRE - PHELAN


Once applying the Weaire-Phelan tessellation to the height path, a temperature/altitude chart was used to determine the size of each polyhedron and therefore its program.

SIZE = PROGRAM


White light is made up of different colors, corresponding to specific wavelengths. The colors of a bubble are dependent on the thickness of the film. A bubble becomes thinner and thinner as it dries out (due to evaporation), before finally popping. As the surface film of the bubble becomes increasingly thinner, a change in overall color can be seen. Another characteristic of the bubbles is their color, which can change depending on how thick their film is, the thicker it is the more colorful.

COLOR


Bubbles tend to react to objects that are foreign to their principles and characteristics. If the object has the same properties as the bubbles, these attach to it; if not, it rejects it, or in other words, burst. The skyscraper counts with a central element that provides it with circulations and commune spaces, from which the bubbles attach, following the principle of bubbles and foreign objects.

Experiment with wet hand and with dry hand.

ADDITIONAL


DESIGN ENGINE


SCRIPTING


EVOLUTION

1st Stage

2nd Stage


3rd Stage

4th Stage


ELEMENTS/PROGRAM SKYBAR

LOBBY


VERTICAL CIRCULATION


STRUCTURAL SYSTEM

The skyscraper’s structural system consists on the vertices of all the polyhedrons that conform the building. Depending on the program, polyhedrons are divided in two levels, creating floor plans and mezzanines.


EÖTVÖS VIEW FROM MARIA IZQUIERDO


EÖTVÖS VIEW FROM SAN PATRICIO


EÖTVÖS VIEW FROM AVE. LAZARO CÀRDENAS


EÖTVÖS MASTER PLAN


EÖTVÖS PEDESTRIAN VIEW


EÖTVÖS OUTSIDE CLOSE UP


EÖTVÖS LOBBY FLOOR PLAN


EÖTVÖS LOBBY EXTERIOR AND INTERIOR


EÖTVÖS COMMERCIAL FLOOR PLAN


EÖTVÖS COMERCIAL SECTION


EÖTVÖS FIRST FLOOR


EÖTVÖS GROUND FLOOR


EÖTVÖS OFFICES FLOOR PLAN


EÖTVÖS OFFICES SECTION


EÖTVÖS OFFICES FIRST FLOOR


EÖTVÖS OFFICES GROUND FLOOR


EÖTVÖS RESIDENTIAL FLOOR PLAN


EÖTVÖS RESIDENTIAL SECTION


EÖTVÖS RESIDENTIAL FIRST FLOOR


EÖTVÖS RESIDENTIAL INTERIORS


EÖTVÖS RESIDENTIAL FIRST FLOOR


EÖTVÖS

EXTERIOR


Angela Sofía García Madero Ana Karen Cerda García Juan Alberto Galicia Osorno

Eotvos Skyscraper  

Thesis on the spatial properties of bubbles and their potential to create large structures.

Eotvos Skyscraper  

Thesis on the spatial properties of bubbles and their potential to create large structures.

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