Page 1

!

!" "


! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !

A LAS MUJERES ARTISTAS PARA RECORDAR #" "


%&'(")*+,+"&+-+../01"2+"345+*+&"(*'/&'(&6"/1'+1'("*+&.('(*"2+-"/154&'7"7-,/27"8/&'0*/.7"("345+*+&"94+" :7*"+-"8+.87"2+"&+*-76"&/&'+3;'/.(3+1'+"8(1"&/27"+<.-4/2(&"2+-"*+.4+*27".7-+.'/,7"94+"-("=/&'7*/(" &+" ('*/)4>+" +-" 2+*+.87" (" 3(1'+1+*?" @71" 345+*+&" '72(&" +--(&6" *+.717./2(&" +1" &4" A:7.(" :7*" &4" 3+*/'7*/(" (:7*'(./01" (-" B*'+" +1" &4&" 2/&'/1'(&" C(.+'(&6" 2+" -(&" 94+" +1" +-" :*+&+1'+6" (:+1(&" &+" '/+1+" 17'/./(6" :7*94+" &4" -()7*" 17" &+" 8(" '+1/27" +1" .4+1'(" +1" :(*/2(2" .71" -(" 2+" -7&" ,(*71+&" .71'+3:7*;1+7&"&4>7&6"+1"34.87&".(&7&"7),/(127"-(&".7-()7*(./71+&"8()/2(&"+1'*+"(3)7&"&+<7&" +1"41"3/&37"'*()(576"/1.-4&7"+1"34.87&"7'*7&6"2;127&+"-("3;&"&(1D*(1'+"&/'4(./01"2+"'+1+*"94+" (.+:'(*" 94+" &4" '(-+1'7" >" &4" .*+(./016" :(*(" &+*" :4)-/.(2(" 84)/+&+" 2+" :(&(*" :7*" &+*-+" ('*/)4/2(" (-" 3(*/276"(3(1'+"7".4(-94/+*"7'*7"'/:7"2+"'4'7*E("3(&.4-/1(6"7"&+1./--(3+1'+")(57"&+4201/37".71" 173)*+"2+"873)*+?" F737"(C/*3(./01"2+"-(&"2/C/.4-'(2+&"94+"&+"+1.4+1'*(1":(*("8(.+*"41(")*+,+"*+&+G("2+"&4&",/2(&6" '+1+37&" +-" .(&7" +&:+./(-" 2+" %1*/94+'(" H4/576" .4>(&" I1/.(&" *+C+*+1./(&" &7)*+" &4" ,(-E(" >" '*()(57" (:(*+.+1"+1"-(")/7D*(CE("2+"&4":(2*+6"(*'/&'(".+*(3/&'(".737"+--(6">"+1".4>(")/7D*(CE(":('+*1("2+" 94/+1" '4,7" -(&" :*/3+*(&" +1&+G(1J(&6" &+" (-42+" (" -(" .(-/2(2" 2+-" '*()(57" 2+" -(" 8/5(6" 'A.1/.(3+1'+" 3+57*"C7*3(2(6"94+".71"&4"2+2/.(./01">"+&C4+*J7"(:*+12/0"-("'+7*E(">"-(":*;.'/.("2+"+&'+"(*'+"+1"-(" %&.4+-("KC/./(-"2+"F+*;3/.("2+"L(2*/26"+&.4+-("2+"-("94+"--+D0"("&+*":*7C+&7*(?" %1".(2("8/&'7*/("2+"+&'(&"345+*+&"'*(E2(&"(94E".737"+5+3:-76":(-:/'("+-"2*(3("2+"&+*"345+*"(1'+&" 94+" :+*&71(6" (" .(2(" 41(" 2+" +--(&6" /12+:+12/+1'+3+1'+" 2+" &4" -4.8(" ,/'(-" :7*" :72+*" +<:*+&(*" &4" '(-+1'76"&+"-+"8("1+D(27"41"*+.717./3/+1'7":7&'+*/7*"("&4",/2(">"("&4"7)*(6":7*"+-"3+*7"8+.87"2+" 8()+*"1(./27"345+*?"MD4(-3+1'+"8+37&"+-+D/27"-7&":+*C/-+&"2+"+&'(&"345+*+&"'+1/+127"+1".4+1'(" 41"+&:+./(-"1+<7"2+"41/01"+1'*+"+--(&"(-"3(*D+1"2+"("94A"*(3("2+-"(*'+"-(&"8(>("--+,(27"&4"'(-+1'76"" >"+&"&4"+&:E*/'4"2+"*+/,/12/.(./01"C+3/1/&'(6":7*94+"+1"'72(&":(-:/'("-("+1'*+D("("&4",7.(./01">"-(" 2+C+1&("2+"&4"2+*+.87"(""&+*".71&/2+*(2(":+*&71("(1'+&"94+"345+*?" %1" +--(&" 94+*+37&" *+/,/12/.(*" -(" 3+37*/(" 2+" 3/-+&" 2+" 345+*+&" 94+" 2+2/.(*71" &4" ,/2(" (" .*+(*" )+--+J(6"D+1+*7&(3+1'+"*+D(-(2("("94/+1+&"-("7.4-'(*E(1".737"17"&+"17&"(-.(1J("("&()+*":7*"94A?" =+37&"2+"*+.717.+*"94+"17"+&';1"*+:*+&+1'(2(&6"17">("-("3(>7*E(6"+&":*7)()-+"94+"1/"&/94/+*("-(&" 3+57*+&6"+&';1"&/3:-+3+1'+6"(94+--(&".71"-(&"94+"17&"8+37&"'*7:+J(27"+1"-(&")I&94+2(&"8+.8(&" 24*(1'+"14+&'*7&"'(--+*+&"2+":*;.'/.(&"&7)*+"+-"3(1+57"2+"M1'+*1+'6".71"7.(&/01"2+"+&'+":*7>+.'7?" =(>" 345+*+&" 2/D1(&" 2+" C/D4*(*" +1" +&'+" -/)*/'76" .71" 41(" -()7*" /3:7*'(1'E&/3(" 3+*+.+27*(" 2+" 14+&'*7"*+.717./3/+1'76"":+*7"94+":7*"+&'(*"&4"-()7*">"&4",/2("34>".+*.(1("("14+&'*7"'/+3:76"-(&" 8+37&"2+5(27"2+"-(27".71"-("+&:+*(1J("2+"94+"&+("-("=/&'7*/("-("94+"-(&".7-794+"+1"+-"&/'/7"94+"&4" (:7*'(./01"3+*+.+?"""" " " " " $" "


"

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`[" *+D/&'*(" 27&" .4(2*7&" .71" F7*2+*7&" W(&.4(-+&" 2+-" +&'/-7" J4*)(*(1+&.7" >6" 2+" 8+.876" O7&+C(" *+(-/J0" ,(*/(&" ,+*&/71+&" 2+-" '+3(" 2+-" BD14&" a+/" +1" -(&" 94+" +-" F7*2+*7"W(&.4(-"*+.4+*2("+-"372+-7"2+"_4*)(*;1?" N" "


" %1'*+" &4&" 1('4*(-+J(&" 34+*'(&6" 34>" (:*+./(2(&" '(1'7" +1" &4" A:7.(" .737" :7*" -7&" .7-+../71/&'(&" :7&'+*/7*+&6"&+"+1.4+1'*(1"-(&"!"#$%&#'"&"&("2+"!SST6"2/&'*/)4/2(&"+1".7-+../71+&":(*'/.4-(*+&6"-(&" 2+" -(" )/)-/7'+.(" B1&+-37" X*((1.(3:" P*+/*+" +1" @(1'(*A36" 2+" !S`S6" -(&" 2+" -(" F(&(bL4&+7" 2+" -7&" W('427&"+1"B-:/(*c(6"2+-"3/&37"(G76">"-(&"2+-"L4&+7"d(./71(-"2+"B*'+"B1'/D47">"2+"-("F7-+../01" B*3(127" W('*/./76" 7)*(&" 94+" *+,+-(1" 41(" *+-(./01" &+1&/)-+" .71" -(&" .7&(&" &/3:-+&6" -/)*+" 2+" &/3)7-/&37&".73:-+57&6"/1'+*:*+'(2(&"2+"41("3(1+*("+&:71';1+(">":+*&71(-6".(&/"e&/1"+&.4+-(f?" " F737"*+'*('/&'("*+./)+"(-()(1J(&"2+",(*/7&"(4'7*+&"(1'/D47&"gP*7+&"W+*>36"L4*:8>6"H(*+''h?"Z1(" 34+&'*("+&"&4"+<.+-+1'+")"*+,*%#!"$#-"."/010,!%#2,3&*0.%#!,&#4"5"&"g.?!S`R6"34&+7"2+"Q)/27&h6" 94+"-("4)/.(".737"41("17'()-+"*+:*+&+1'(1'+"2+-"DA1+*7"+1"+-"X(**7.7":7*'4D4A&?" %-" +&'/-7" 2+" O7&+C(" :(*'+" 2+" -(" /1C-4+1./(" 2+-" 1('4*(-/&37" '+1+)*/&'(" 2+" X(-'(J(*6" &4" :(2*+" >" (294/+*+" 41(" :+*&71(-/2(2" :*7:/(6" &/+127" 2+C/1/27" .737" :*7:/76" *+C-+57" 2+" 41(" :(*'/.4-(*" /1'4/./01":7A'/.(6"2+":(-+'("&4+-'(">"-/)*+"2+"/3:7&/./71+&"(.(2A3/.(&?"" ]4+D7"2+"-("34+*'+"2+"&4":(2*+6"+1"!S`N6":*7)()-+3+1'+"O7&+C("'4,/+*("1+.+&/2(2"2+"*+(-/J(*".71" 3;&" C*+.4+1./(" +1.(*D7&" :I)-/.7&" :(*(" 3(1'+1+*" (" &4" (1./(1(" 3(2*+" >" 27&" &7)*/1(&" 84A*C(1(&" 94+",/,E(1".71"+--(?"%&'(":72*E("&+*"-("*(J01":7*"-(".4(-"(-D417&"2+"&4&"'*()(57&"2+"'+3(&"*+-/D/7&7&" >")72+D71+&"'(*2E7&":*+&+1'(&+1"./+*'("24*+J("+1"-(".73:7&/./01">".(1&(1./7"+1"-("*+(-/J(./01?" =(1"--+D(27"8(&'("14+&'*7&"2E(&"3;&"2+"./+1"2+"&4&"7)*(&"+1'*+"-(&"94+"3+*+.+1"2+&'(.(*&+"&4&" .4(2*7&" 2+" C-7*+&" >" -(&" 1('4*(-+J(&" 34+*'(&" 94+" C7*3(1" -(" &+*/+" --(3(2(" !"# $%&# 6"&"&?" %1" &4" :*724../016" '(1'7" +&'/-E&'/.(" .737" '+3;'/.(3+1'+6" &+" 17'(" 41(" C4+*'+" /1C-4+1./(" 2+" _4*)(*;1" 3('/J(2(":7*"41("&+1&/)/-/2(2"(.4&(2(3+1'+"C+3+1/1(">"41":+*&71(-"+&'/-7"/1D+147?" L4*/0"+1"Q)/27&"+1"!STN6"("-7&"[R"(G7&6"&/+127"+1'+**(2("+1"-("/D-+&/("2+"@(1"W+2*7?" %1" -7&" I-'/37&" (G7&" &4" 7)*(" &+" 8(" *+,(-7*/J(27" .71&/2+*()-+3+1'+?" Z17" 2+" &4&" .4(2*7&" C4+" ,+12/27":7*"[[RR"i"+1"!j`R^",+/1'+"(G7&"2+&:4A&",7-,E("("&+*":4+&'7"("-(",+1'(":7*"#RR?RRR"i?" "#$%#&'()*+),! !kk,?(*'+8/&'7*/(?.73" ((*'+3:7*'4D(-?)-7D&:7'?.73?+&! # # # [" "


PEPITA DURÁN ORTEGA W+:/'(" 1(./0" +1" +-" &+17" 2+" 41(" C(3/-/(" 843/-2+" +1" +-" (C(3(27" )(**/7" 2+" %-" W+*.8+-6" J71(" 2+" :+&.(27*+&">"&(-(2+*7&6"+1"!T$R?"@4":(2*+6"W+2*7"a4*;16"'+1E("41(":+94+G(")(*)+*E(">"&4"3(2*+" +*(" 8/5(" 2+" 41" (-:(*D('+*7" D/'(17?" @4" :(2*+" 34*/0" .4(127" -7&" 8/57&" +*(1" (I1" 34>" :+94+G7&?" ](" 3(2*+"&+".(&0"2+"14+,7".71"41"J(:('+*76"L(14+-"]0:+J?"@+DI1"H4&'(,7"H(*.E(b"=+**+*(6"+1"&4" A:7.("&+".73+1'0"94+"W+:/'(":72E("&+*"8/5("2+-"a494+"2+"K&41(6"2+"94/A1"8()E("&/27"(3(1'+"&4" 3(2*+?" P4+"("L(2*/2":(*("(294/*/*".717./3/+1'7&"3;&"+<:-E./'7&"+1"2(1J(?"B--E".71'*(+"3('*/371/7".71"+-" W*7C+&7*"2+"a(1J(6"O4(1"B1'71/7"H()*/+-"2+"-("K-/,(6"2+-"94+"&+"&+:(*0":7.7"2+&:4A&?" a4*(1'+" &4&" (.'4(./71+&" +1" W(*/&6" .717./0" (-" 2/:-73;'/.7" /1D-A&" ]/71+-" @(.l,/--+bm+&'6" &+D4127" X(*01" 2+" @(.l,/--+?" @4" *+-(./01" :*7,7.0" 41" D*(1" +&.;12(-7" +1" -(" M1D-('+**(" V/.'7*/(1(6" .(*(.'+*/J(2(" :7*" 41(" +&'*/.'(" 37*(-6" 94+" 17" ,/7" .71" )4+17&" 757&" -(" :(*+5(" +1'*+" +-" d7)-+" 2/:-73;'/.7"/1D-A&">"-("C(37&(")(/-(*/1("+&:(G7-("2+"7*/D+1"843/-2+?"""" W+:/'(".71'/140".71"&4"(3(1'+">"(3)7&"'4,/+*71"./1.7"8/57&6"1(./27&"(":(*'/*"2+"!T[T?"](":(*+5(" 17":427".(&(*&+":7*"+-"(1'+*/7*"3('*/371/7"2+"W+:/'(?"" %1'*06" (" '*(,A&" 2+" &4" (*'+6" (" C7*3(*" :(*'+" 2+" -(" (-'(" @7./+2(2" 2+-" 373+1'7?" %-" X(*01" C4+" '*(&-(2(27"("L(2*/26">"+--("17"94/&7"/*":7*"'+37*"("+1.71'*(*&+".71"&4"(1'/D47"+<b3(*/276">"W+:/'(" &+"94+2("(",/,/*"+1"X4*2+7&?"%1"!TS["*+141./("("&4".(**+*("g>("'+1E("27&"8/57&h?"%1"!T`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a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e%&'*+--("2+"B12(-4.E(f6".71&(D*(2("("&4"'*()(576",/(5(":7*"2/&'/1'7&":(E&+&6"V/+1(6"]712*+&6"L7&.I6" X+*-E16"+'.?"%&'(127".71"+-"X(*01"'4,7"34.8(&"(.'4(./71+&6"&7)*+"'727"+1"B-+3(1/(?" L;&" '(*2+6" 2+&:4A&" 2+-" C(--+./3/+1'7" 2+" W+:/'(6" &4" 1/+'(" V/.'7*/(" L(*>6" C4+" 41(" D*(1" +&.*/'7*(" /1D-+&(6" 2/&.E:4-(" ,/1.4-(2(" (" -(" D*(12/7&(" V/*D/1/(" m7-C?" %&.*/)/0" 41(" 17,+-(" '/'4-(2(" 7+$,.!%?" ]4+D76"3;&"'(*2+6"+&.*/)/*E("-(")/7D*(CE("2+"&4"()4+-("8"90*,6"94+"-("'/'4-0"(&E6"94+2(127"/13+*&(">" *+.7*2(2("+1"&4"(3:-/(".(:(./2(2".737"(*'/&'(6"94+".71&/D4+".71'*(&'(*"+&+"(*'+".71"+-"/3:4-&7" :+*&71(-"94+"1(.+"2+-"(37*?" S" "


"#$%#&'()*+),!!!! 8'':noo3(-(D(:+*&71(5+&?)-7D&:7'?.73?+&o#RRToRjo:+:/'(b24*(1?8'3-" 8'':noo57&+-4/&'*45/--7*72*/D4+J?)-7D&:7'?.73?+&o#R!$oR`o345+*+&b3(-(D4+1(&b:+:/'(b24*(1b 7*'+D(?8'3-" " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " "

`" "


CECILIA BÖHL DE FABER O "FERNÁN CABALLERO" d(**(27*("+&:(G7-(6"1(./2("+1"L7*D+&"g@4/J(h"+-"#`"2+"2/./+3)*+"2+"!`jS6">"C(--+./2("+1"@+,/--("+-" `"2+"()*/-"2+"!T``?"Z1/,+*&(-3+1'+".717./2(":7*"&4":&+4201/37"-/'+*(*/7"2+"pP+*1;1"F()(--+*7p"b 2+-"94+"'4,7"94+",(-+*&+":(*("2(*"("-("/3:*+1'("41(&"7)*(&"94+6"+1"-("A:7.("+1"94+"-+"'7.0",/,/*6" 17" +*(" C;./-" :4)-/.(*" )(57" +-" 173)*+" 2+" 41(" 345+*b6" 2+50" /3:*+&7" 41" +<'+1&7" >" )*/--(1'+" -+D(27" -/'+*(*/7">":+*/72E&'/.7"94+"-(".71,/*'/0"+1"41("2+"-(&":/71+*(&"2+"-("1(**('/,("C+3+1/1("+&:(G7-(6">" '(-",+J"+1"-(":*/3+*("345+*"94+"+1"%&:(G("&+"2+2/.0":*7C+&/71(-3+1'+"("-(&"-+'*(&?" @4" ,7.(./01" -/'+*(*/(" &+" 3(1/C/+&'(" +1" +--(" 2+&2+" -(" /1C(1./(6" /1C-4/2(" :7*" &4" +1'7*17" C(3/-/(*6" >(" 94+" +*(" 8/5(" 2+" O4(1" d/.7-;&" Xq8-" 2+" P()+*" g!``Rb!T$Sh6" +*42/'7" >" +&'42/7&7" 2+-" '+('*7" 2+" F(-2+*01">"2+C+1&7*"2+"-("+&'A'/.("2+-"r73(1'/./&376"C4+"(4'7*"2+"/3:7*'(1'+&"'*()(57&":(*("-(" C/-7-7DE(" +&:(G7-(" 2+-" &/D-7" UMU6" >" P*(1./&.(" O(,/+*(" r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a+" *+D*+&7" (" %&:(G(6" -(" C(3/-/(" ,7-,/0" (" &4" *+&/2+1./(" 8()/'4(-" +1" F;2/J" 8(&'(" 94+6" +1" !TR[6" 14+,(&" 7)-/D(./71+&" 2+-" :(2*+" -(" --+,(1" 2+" 14+,7" (" 7'*7" 2+&:-(J(3/+1'7" (" =(3)4*D7?" B--E" 1(./+*71" 27&" 8+*3(1(&" 2+" F+./-/(6" .71" -(&" 94+" *+'7*10" (" %&:(G(" 27G(" P*(1./&.(" r4/J" 2+" ](**+(6" 3/+1'*(&" &4" +&:7&7" 94+2()(" +1" &4" ./42(2" 1('(-" (-" .4/2(27" 2+" &4&" 27&" 8/57&" 3(>7*+&" gF+./-/(" >" O4(1" O(.7)7h?" a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b>(" ,+/1'+(G+*(b">"+-".(:/';1"B1'71/7"W-(1+--&">"X(*2(<E6"41"3/-/'(*".71"+-"94+6":+&+"("+&'("7:7&/./01" T" "


3('+*1(6"-("C4'4*("+&.*/'7*("&+".(&0"+1"+-"'*(1&.4*&7"2+"(94+-"3/&37"(G7"g.71.*+'(3+1'+6"+-"2E(" $R"2+"3(*J7h6"2+&:4A&"2+"41"C4D(J"17,/(JD7?"%3)(*.(27&6"+1'71.+&6"-7&"*+./A1".(&(27&"*43)7"(" W4+*'7" r/.7" g2712+" +-" .(:/';1" +&'()(" 2+&'/1(27h6" (:+1(&" +&'4,/+*71" 41/27&" :7*" +&:(./7" 2+" 41" (G76":4+&"+1"'(1")*+,+"+&:(./7"2+"'/+3:7"B1'71/7"W-(1+--&":+*2/0"-(",/2(">"F+./-/("Xq8-"2+"P()+*" 84)7" 2+" (.7D+*&+" (-" (3:(*7" 2+-" .(:/';1" D+1+*(-" 2+" -(" /&-(6" 8(&'(" 94+" :427" *+41/*" C7127&" :(*(" *+D*+&(*"(-"87D(*"94+"&+D4E("7.4:(127"&4"C(3/-/("+1"F;2/J?" Z1("17'("("2+&'(.(*"+1"-(",/2("2+"+&'("+<'*(7*2/1(*/("345+*"+&"&4"(D/'(2(",/2("&+1'/3+1'(-?" B"&4":*/3+*"3('*/371/76".71'*("-(",7-41'(2"2+"&4"3(2*+".71"B1'71/7"W-(1+--6"94+"24*0"(:+1(&"41" (G7":7*"-("34+*'+"2+-"+&:7&76"-+"&4.+2/+*716"41"&+D4127"3('*/371/7".71"P*(1./&.7"r4/J"2+-"B*.76" 3(*94A&"2+"B*.7"=+*37&76"41/01"94+"-+":+*3/'/0"(..+2+*"("-7&"C7*7&":7-E'/.7&">".4-'4*(-+&"2+"-(" &7./+2(2" &+,/--(1(" 2+" -(" A:7.(?" ](" +1C+*3+2(2" 2+-" 3(*94A&" -+&" 7)-/D0" (" ()(1271(*" @+,/--(" )4&.(127" 41" .-/3(" 3+57*" :(*(" -(" &(-42" 2+-" 3(*/276" >" 2+&:4A&" 2+" 2/C+*+1'+&" '*(&-(27&" :7*" +&'+" 37'/,76"C/5(*71"&4"*+&/2+1./("+1"-("-7.(-/2(2"&+,/--(1("2+"a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j" "


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``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d(./71(-6" C4+"+1,/(27"+1"!TNj"("%-"W4+*'7"2+"@(1'("L(*E(":(*("94+"'(&(*("-(".7-+../01"2+"-/)*7&":(*'/.4-(*" 2+" 271" O4(1" d/.7-;&" Xq8-" 2+" P()+*6" -7" 94+" -+" :+*3/'/0" .717.+*" 2+" :*/3+*(" 3(17" (-D41(&" 2+" -(&" !R" "


7)*(&"94+"-("8/5("2+-"C/1(27"8()E("+&.*/'7":7*"(C/./01?"@7*:*+12/27":7*"-(".(-/2(2"2+"+&'7&"'+<'7&6" &+" +1.(*D0" :+*&71(-3+1'+" 2+" :*737,+*" -(" :4)-/.(./01" 2+" (-D417&" 2+" -7&" +&.*/'7&" 94+" :*71'7" 8()*E(1"2+"8(.+*".A-+)*+"+-":&+4201/37"2+"pP+*1;1"F()(--+*7p?" Y*(+37&"-(",/2("2+"+&'("345+*"("+&'+"'*()(57"2+"*+&.('+"2+-"7-,/276"3;&":7*"&4"&/1D4-(*/2(2".737" :+*&71(6" >(" 94+" &4" '*()(576" (4194+" +13(&.(*(27" :7*" 41" 173)*+" 3(&.4-/176" 8(" &/27" &4C/./+1'+3+1'+" *+.717./27" >" ,(-7*(27?" @4" :7&'4*(" 2+" 345+*" *+.717.+27*(" >" 2+C+1&7*(" 2+" &4" 2+*+.87"("-("/D4(-2(26"&7)*+"'727"+1"&4"'/+3:76"17"&0-7"17"-+"C4+".71.+2/2(6"&/"17"94+"-+"&4:4&7" 41("-4.8(".71'/14(2(?" "#$%#&'()*+)" •

• • • • • • • • •

8'':nookkk?3.1)/7D*(C/(&?.73o(::b)/7o27o&87ksl+>t)78-b2+bC()+*b.+./-/(FBrd%rK6" H4/--+*37?"]7&"7*ED+1+&"2+-"r73(1'/./&37"*+(../71(*/7"+&:(G7-n"+-"3('*/371/7"Xq8-"2+"P()+*" gV(-+1./(n"Z1/,+*&/2(2"2+"V(-+1./(6"!j`Th?" 8'':&noo+&?k/l/:+2/(?7*Dok/l/oP+*1uF$uB!1vF()(--+*7" FK]KLB6"]4/&?"r+.4+*27&"2+"P+*1;1"F()(--+*7"gL(2/*2n"r(J01">"P+6"!jNjh?" aKLwdHZ%_"MH]%@MB@6"L(D2(-+1(?"pP+*1;1"F()(--+*7">"-("&7./+2(2"(12(-4J("2+"&4"'/+3:7p6" +1"B1(-+&"2+"=/&'7*/("L72+*1(">"F71'+3:7*;1+("gH*(1(2(h6"MV"g!j`jh6":;D&?"!j$b#RS?" =%Md%rLBdd6" Y8+727*?" F+./-/(" Xq8-" 2+" P()+*" >" O4(1" %4D+1/7" 2+" =(*'J+1)4&.8" g41(" .7**+&:712+1./("/1A2/'(h"gL(2*/2n"%&:(&("F(-:+6"!jNNh?" =%rr%rK6"O(,/+*?"P+*1;1"F()(--+*7n"41"14+,7":-(1'+(3/+1'7"gL(2*/2n"H*+27&6"!jS$h?" LKdYKrK6"@(1'/(D7?"P+*1;1"F()(--+*7"gB-D7"3;&"94+"41(")/7D*(CE(h"g@+,/--(n"H*;C/.(&"2+-"@4*6" !jSjh?" K]@Kd6"W(4-"r?"pr+(../01">"&4),+*&/01"+1"]("H(,/7'("2+"P+*1;1"F()(--+*7p6"+1"B.'(&"2+-"VMMM" F71D*+&7"2+"-("B&7./(./01"M1'+*1(./71(-"2+"=/&:(1/&'(&6"MM"g!jTSh6":;D&?"$`[b$T#?" WB]LB6"B1DA-/.(?"P+*1;1"F()(--+*7?"]("17,+-/&'("17,+-()-+"gL(2*/2n"%&:(&("F(-:+6"!j$!h?" WB@FZB"@xdF=%_6"L(*E("O7&A"2+"-(?"pXq-8"2+"P()+*6"F+./-/(p6"+1"LBrYwd%_6"F;12/2(^"WB@YKr6" r+>1(^" WB@FZB6" Ly" O7&A" 2+" -(^" >" YBV%rB6" @4&(11(" z2/*+.'7*(&{n" L45+*+&" +1" -(" =/&'7*/(" 2+" %&:(G("gL(2*/2n"W-(1+'(6"#RRRh6":;D&?"N#jbN$$?" VB]%dFMdB6" r27?" W?" P*(>" a?" 2+" g+2?h?" F(*'(&" 2+" P+*1;1" F()(--+*7" gL(2*/2n" @4.+&7*+&" 2+" =+*1(1276"!j!jh?"

" " " "

!!" "


CARMEN DE BURGOS SEGUÍ d(./2("+1"B-3+*E("+1"!T`T">"34+*'("+1"L(2*/2"+1"!j$#?"@+"2+&'(.0".737"+&.*/'7*(6"27.+1'+">" :+*/72/&'(?"P/*30"34.8(&"2+"&4&"7)*(&".71"+-":&+4201/37"2+"F7-73)/1+?"%24.(2("+1"&4"./42(2" 1('(-6" 1(./2(" +1" +-" &+17" 2+" 41(" C(3/-/(" (.7372(2(" 2+" B-3+*E(6" 94+" " :7&+E(" '/+**(&6" 3/1(&" >" +-" .7*'/57" ](" Z1/01?" B" -7&" 2/+./&A/&" (G7&" &+" .(&(" .71" B*'4*7" x-,(*+J" X4&'7&6" :+*/72/&'(" 27.+" (G7&" 3(>7*"94+"+--(?"|&'+"+*("8/57"2+-"D7)+*1(27*"./,/-"2+"B-3+*E(6"94/+1"(2+3;&"'+1E("+1":*7:/+2(2"-(" '/:7D*;C/.(" 94+" /3:*/3E(" +-" :*/1./:(-" 2/(*/7" 2+" -(" .(:/'(-6" -7" .4(-" :+*3/'/0" (" F7-73)/1+" C(3/-/(*/J(*&+" .71" +-" 34127" 2+" -(" :*+1&(" 2+&2+" 34>" :*71'7?" %-" 3('*/371/7" .71&'/'4>0" 41(" 2+&/-4&/01"2+&2+"+-":*/3+*"373+1'7":(*("F(*3+16"94/+1"&+"&+:(*(*;"-+D(-3+1'+"2+"&4"3(*/27?" %1"541/7"2+"!Tj["7)'/+1+"-("'/'4-(./01"2+"3(+&'*("2+"%1&+G(1J("%-+3+1'(-"W*/3(*/(">"+1"!TjT"-(" 2+" %1&+G(1J(" @4:+*/7*6" +1" L(2*/2?" %1" !jR!" .71&/D4+" :-(J(" 3+2/(1'+" 7:7&/./01" +1" -(" %&.4+-(" 17*3(-" 2+" L(+&'*(&" 2+" H4(2(-(5(*(?" %&+" (G7" 34+*+" &4" 8/57" >" 2+./2+" ()(1271(*" (" &4" 3(*/27" >" .73+1J(*" 41(" 14+,(" ,/2(" /12+:+12/+1'+" .71" L(*E(" x-,(*+J" 2+" X4*D7&6" &4" 7'*(" 8/5(6" 2+&'(.(127" .737" :+*/72/&'(6" .7**+&:71&(-" 2+" D4+**(6" +&.*/'7*(6" +1&(>/&'(" >" '*(24.'7*(?" W+*3(1+.+*;" +1" -(" ./42(2".(&'+--(1("8(&'("!jR`?" P4+" :(*+5(" 2+-" '(3)/A1" +&.*/'7*" r(301" H03+J" 2+" -(" @+*1(" 24*(1'+" ,+/1'+" (G7&6" +1" -7&" 94+" 3(1'4,7" (3/&'(2" '(3)/A1" .71" H(-20&6" X-(&.7" M);G+J6" F(1&/17&" B&&+1&6" O4(1" r(301" O/3A1+J6" Y73;&" L7*(-+&6" B-71&7" }4+&(2(6" O4-/7" B1'71/76" O4-/7" r73+*7" 2+" Y7**+&6" @7*7--(6" +'.?" @+" -(" .71&/2+*(" 41(" 2+" -(&" :*/3+*(&" 2+C+1&7*(&" 2+-" :(:+-" &7./(-" >" .4-'4*(-" 2+" -(" 345+*?" a+C+12/0" (&/3/&37"-("-/)+*'(2">"+-"D7.+"2+"+</&'/*?"M12+:+12/+1'+"("4-'*(1J(6".*+>0"+1"41"34127"3+57*">"C4+" 41("'+3:*(1("pC+3/1/&'(p?" Y*()(50" +1" %-" Z1/,+*&(-6" %-" H-7)76" ](" F7**+&:712+1./(" 2+" %&:(G(6" %-" =+*(-27" 2+" L(2*/2" >" BXF6" 2/(*/7"2+-"94+"C4+"-(":*/3+*("*+2(.'7*(?"F4)*/0"2/C+*+1'+&"+:/&72/7&"2+"-("H4+**("2+"L(**4+.7&"+1" !jRj6" &/+127" 41(" 2+" -(&" :*/3+*(&" 345+*+&" .7**+&:71&(-+&" 2+" D4+**(" 2+" -(" 8/&'7*/(" 2+" %&:(G(?" B2+3;&" 2+" &4" /1'+1&(" 7)*(" :+*/72E&'/.(" &71" 2+&'(.()-+&" &4&" .71C+*+1./(&" +1" +-" ;3)/'7" 2+-" 37,/3/+1'7" C+3/1/&'(^" .737" :7*" +5+3:-7n" ](" 3/&/01" &7./(-" 2+" -(" 345+*" g!j!!h" >" ](" 345+*" +1" %&:(G(?" d7" C4+" 34>" )/+1" .71&/2+*(2(" :7*" 41" /3:7*'(1'+" &+.'7*" 2+" -7&" .*E'/.7&" >" +&.*/'7*+&" .71'+3:7*;1+7&"94+"+1"34.8(&"7.(&/71+&".7-7.(*71"&4"-()7*">"&4"7)*("*+-+D(2(">"*+24./2("("-(" .712/./01"2+"p(3(1'+p"2+"r(301"H03+J"2+"-("@+*1(?" \(".71&(D*(2("("&4"-()7*":+*/72E&'/.(6"&+"/1&'(-0"+1"L(2*/2^"2+C+12/0"-7&"2+*+.87&"2+"-(&"345+*+&" >" 3(1/C+&'0" &4" :7&'4*(" +1" C(,7*" 2+-" 2/,7*./7" >" 2+-" ,7'7" C+3+1/176" >" --+D0" (" :*+&/2/*" -(" ]/D(" M1'+*1(./71(-"2+"L45+*+&"M)A*/.(&"+"=/&:(17(3+*/.(1(&?"a+"/2+7-7DE("l*(4&/&'(6"&+"/1'+*+&0":7*"-(" +24.(./01">"-7&"2+*+.87&"2+"-("/1C(1./(^"3/-/'0".71'*("-(":+1("2+"34+*'+">"2+C+12/0"-(".7341/2(2" &+C(*2/'("/1'+*1(./71(-6"+3:+G7"94+"-+"--+,0"(".*+(*"-("B-/(1J("=/&:(17bM&*(+-E?"F71"-("--+D(2("2+"-(" !#" "


*+:I)-/.("&+"/1'+1&/C/.0"&4"+&:E*/'4".73)('/,7^"+-"2E("j"2+"7.'4)*+"2+"!j$#6".4(127"(*+1D()("("-7&" .73:(G+*7&" 2+" -(" (D*4:(./01" :7-E'/.(" (" -(" 94+" :+*'+1+.E(" g+-" FE*.4-7" r(2/.(-" @7./(-/&'(h6" .(>0" C4-3/1(2(":7*"41"('(94+".(*2E(.7?" a+&2+" +-" :41'7" 2+" ,/&'(" -/'+*(*/76" F(*3+1" 2+" X4*D7&" 2+&'(.0" &7)*+" '727" .737" 41(" +<.+-+1'+" (4'7*("2+".4+1'7&"+1'*+"-7&"94+"2+&'(.(1n":$#*"&%+%#!"$#;,&*0$$%"g!jR`h6"<".!"+%&#!"#50!,"g!jRTh6":$# =%'>+"#4"?+%#g!j!Sh6"@%&#."?%10,.*"&#!"#$,#83"+*,#!"$#<%$"g!j!jh6":$#60&"+01%+!0,"g!j#`h6"A0!,#B# '0$,?+%# !"$# 9C1,+%# D.!+"&0$$%# 8E+"F# g!j$Rh6" ;3,.!%# $,# $"B# $%#',.!," g!j$#h" +1'*+" 7'*7&?" r+.7:/-0" 34.8(&" 2+" &4&" 1(**(./71+&" )*+,+&" +1" ,(*/7&" ,7-I3+1+&" .71541'7&6" .737" ;3".*%&# !"# ;%$%'>0."" g!jRTh6":$$,&#B#"$$%&#%#"$$%&#B#"$$,&"g!j!`h6"@%&#D.*013,+0%&">"60&#'"G%+"&#13".*%&"g!j#$h?"" L+17&"/1'+*+&(1'+&6"&71"-(&"17,+-(&"'/'4-(2(&"@,#=%+,#!"$#,'%+"g!j!Sh6"@,#+,'9,"g!j!`h6":$#H$*0'%# 1%.*+,>,.!0&*," g!j#!h" >" I30"+%# 5050+# '0# 50!," g!j$!h?" W4)-/.0" '(3)/A1" -/)*7&" 2+" ,/(5+&" g.737" 8%+# :3+%9,6"2+"!jRjh6">"41"17'()-+"+1&(>7"&7)*+"-(",/2(">"7)*("2+-"3(2*/-+G7"L(*/(17"O7&A"2+"](**(">" 2/,+*&7&" +1&(>7&" &7)*+" -(" 345+*" >" &4" +1'7*17" g@,# '3G"+# '%!"+.,# B# &3&# !"+"1=%&6" D+*"# !"# $,# "$"?,.10,6"D+*"#!"#&,>"+#5050+6"D+*"#!"#&"+#,',!,6"+'.?h" a+"F(*3+1"2+"X4*D7&6"(:(*'+"2+"+1"-7&";3)/'7&"C+3/1/&'(&6"&+"&()+":7.7"7"1(2(^"8(>"94/+1+&"-(" .71./)+1".737"(3(1'+"+<.A1'*/.("2+"r(301"H03+J"2+"-("@+*1(^"(-D41(&":+*&71(&"-("'/+1+1":7*" :/71+*("2+-":+*/72/&376":+*7"34>":7.7"8("'*(&.+12/27"(-":I)-/.7"&4"/3:7*'(1./("+1"-("D+&'(./01" 2+-"C+3/1/&37"+&:(G7-?" F7-73)/1+"C4+"+-"3;&".A-+)*+"2+"&4&":&+4201/37&?"Y(3)/A1"C/*30".737"r(94+-6"=717*/1+6"W+*/.7" 2+" -7&" W(-7'+&" 7" L(*/(1+-(?" a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jR!"(:*7)0" -(&" 7:7&/./71+&" >6" +1" .4(1'7" :4276" .7D/0" 2+-" )*(J7" (" &4" 8/5(" >" 2+50" &4" B-3+*E(" 1('(-" *43)7" (" L(2*/2?"%1"!jRj6"'*(&"41":(&7"C7*J(27":7*"Y7-+276"C4+"173)*(2(":*7C+&7*("2+"-("d7*3(-"F+1'*(-" 2+"L(2*/26"2712+"'*()(50"8(&'("&4"34+*'+?"F4*/7&(3+1'+6"141.("-("+1&+G(1J("C4+"&4",7.(./01?" -#&./()!0/%!1/(#&0#23&!4!0/%!0#5&(6#&! %1" !jR$" F(*3+1" &+" 8()E(" .71,+*'/276" (" 103/1(" 2+-" a/(*/7" Z1/,+*&(-6" +1" -(" :*/3+*(" :+*/72/&'(" +&:(G7-(?" %3:+J0" .71" 41(" .7-431(" 2+" '+3(" C+3+1/17" --(3(2(" @"1*3+,&# 9,+,# $,# '3G"+6" 2+&2+" 2712+"&4:7"'*(1&D*+2/*"-E3/'+&6":(&(127"2+"8()-(*"&7)*+"'+3(&"273A&'/.7&"("8(.+*"41"&712+7"2+" 7:/1/01"(.+*.("2+-"2/,7*./7?"

!$" "


Z1" (G7" 2+&:4A&" &(-2*E(" :4)-/.(27" &4" -/)*7" :$# !05%+10%# ".# :&9,J,?" }4+" +1" (94+--(" %&:(G(" 2+" -(" r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rE7&?" ](&" *+&:4+&'(&" &716" (41" .71" '/)/+J(&6"&7*:*+12+1'+3+1'+":7&/'/,(&"8(./("-(".(4&(?"L;&"2/&:(*/2(2"8(>"+1'*+"-(&"3/&/,(&"2+"-7&" -+.'7*+&">"-+.'7*(&"+1"-(&"94+"&+":71+"2+"3(1/C/+&'7"+-"375/D('7":+1&(3/+1'7"2+"-("&7./+2(2?"" %1" !jRS" F7-73)/1+" &+" .71,/+*'+" +1" -(" :*/3+*(" 345+*" .7**+&:71&(-" 2+" D4+**(6" +1,/(2(" :7*" %-" =+*(-27"2+"L(2*/2"("L+-/--(?"%1"+&'("3/&3(".()+.+*("/1'+1'0":*737,+*"41"14+,7":-+)/&./'76"+&'(" ,+J" &7)*+" +-" &4C*(D/7" C+3+1/176" (4194+" '4,7" 94+" .+**(*-7" :*+&/71(2(?" a+&2+" &4&" .7-431(&" >" *+:7*'(5+&"'(3)/A1"()7*20"7'*7&"'+3(&":*7D*+&/&'(&".737"-("-4.8(".71'*("-(":+1("2+"34+*'+"7"-(" 2+C+1&("2+"-(&"345+*+&"'*()(5(27*(&?" F7-73)/1+"&+"8()E(".71,+*'/27"'(3)/A1"+1"41":+*&71(5+".-(,+"2+-"(3)/+1'+".4-'4*(-"3(2*/-+G7?" %1" &4" '+*'4-/(" 2+" -(" .(--+" @(1" X+*1(*27" &71" (&/&'+1'+&" 8()/'4(-+&" D-7*/(&" 2+-" 372+*1/&37" .737" r4)A1"a(*E7">"50,+1+&",(-7*+&"+1")4&.("2+":*737./01?"%1"417"2+"+--7&6"r(301"H03+J"2+"-("@+*1(" g,+./17" '(3)/A1" 2+-" )(**/7h6" +1.71'*0" +-" 94+" &+*E(" +-" (37*" 2+" &4" ,/2(" 24*(1'+" #R" (G7&?" B3)7&" ,/,/*;1"(G7&"2+",/(5+&":7*"'72("%4*7:(6"/1'+1&7"'*()(57"/1'+-+.'4(-6")78+3/(">"-/'+*('4*(?"%-"3/+27" (" -(" :(.('(" &7./+2(2" 2+" -(" A:7.(" gA-" +*(" #!" (G7&" 3+17*h6" &/1" +3)(*D76" 8/J7" 94+" &4" *73(1.+" (.()(*(".71"-("'+*'4-/("+1"!jRj?"F4(127"r(301"C412("+1"+&7&"(G7&"-("*+,/&'("W*73+'+76"C/*3(".71" +-":&+4201/37"2+"Y*/&';16"94+":(*+.+"8(.+*"(-4&/01"(-"C(37&7"(37*"2+"-7&"/3:7&/)-+&?" ](" 141.(" 8+.8(" :I)-/.(" *+-(./01" 2+" F(*3+1" >" r(301" '+*3/1(" +1" !j#j?" %&+" (G7" +-" (4'7*" 8()E(" .71'(27".71"-("8/5("2+"F(*3+16"L(*E(6":(*("+-"+&'*+17"2+"&4"7)*("@%&#'"!0%&#&"+"&?"B3)7&"/1/./(1" 41"/2/-/7"C4D(J"24*(1'+"-7&"+1&(>7&"94+"(.()(".71"41("+&:(1'(2("("W(*E&"2+-"+&.*/'7*">"+-".7*(J01" 2+"F7-73)/1+"*7'7":7*"-(&"27&":+*&71(&"94+"3;&"(30?"B":+&(*"2+"'7276"&/D4/+*71"3(1'+1/+127"-(" (3/&'(2?W7-E'/.(3+1'+6" F7-73)/1+" C4+" -(" :*/3+*(" 345+*" (C/-/(2(" (-" W(*'/27" r+:4)-/.(17" r(2/.(-" @7./(-/&'("g(1'+&"8()E("3/-/'(27"+1"+-"W@K%">"+1"Z1/01"r+:4)-/.(1(h?"%1"!j$!6"(4194+"17"C7*30" :(*'+" 2+" 1/1D41(" .(12/2('4*(" 7C/./(-6" C4+" (:7>(2(" :7*" 41" D*4:7" 2+" .(3:+&/17&" 94+" :*+'+12E(" '+1+*-("2+"*+C+*+1'+?" "

!N" "


-#&./()!0/!%)!%#7/()78()!2&6#)%!4!*/3#.#27)! @4" 7)*(" -/'+*(*/(" g+&" (4'7*(" 2+" !!" 17,+-(&" -(*D(&6" 41" .+1'+1(*" 2+" 17,+-(&" .7*'(&6" '*(24../71+&6" +1&(>7&6" /1.71'()-+&" (*'E.4-7&~h" '(3)/A1" 2(" 17'/./(" 2+" &4" /1'+*A&" :7*" -(" 345+*" >" -7&" '+3(&" 2+" .7*'+"&7./(-?" F7-73)/1+" &/'I(" (" -(" 345+*" +1" +-" .+1'*7" 2+" &4" 41/,+*&7" 1(**('/,7?" @/" &4" :+*/02/.7" 8(.+" 41" 873+1(5+"("F+*,(1'+&6"+--("+&.*/)+"@,#=0G,#!"#;"+5,.*"&6"&7)*+"M&()+-"2+"@((,+2*(^"&/"8(.+".*01/.(" 2+"-("D4+**("+4*7:+(6"2+2/.(":;D/1(&"("-(&".(1'/1+*(&"2+-"C*+1'+?"%1"!j!["(>42("(",/&/)/-/J(*"-(",/2(" 2+"-(&"(.'*/.+&"+1"&4"&+*/+"F71C/2+1./(&"2+"(*'/&'(&6"2712+"+1'*("+1"-7&".(3+*/17&"2+"D*(12+&"2+" -(&" '()-(&" .737" L(*E(" H4+**+*76" ]7*+'7" W*(27" 7" L(*D(*/'(" U/*D4?" W(*(-+-(3+1'+" +1'*+,/&'(" '(3)/A1"("(*'/&'/--(&"2+",(*/+'A&?" %1"!j#!":4)-/.("-("17,+-(":$#,+*C13$%#KLM6"(-+D('7".71'*("2/.87"(*'E.4-7"2+-"F02/D7"W+1(-"&+DI1"+-" .4(-"e+-"3(*/27"94+"&7*:*+12/27"+1"(24-'+*/7"("&4"345+*"3('(&+"+1"+-"(.'7"("A&'("7"(-"(2I-'+*7~" &+*;".(&'/D(27".71"-(":+1("2+"2+&'/+**7?"@/"-+&".(4&(*("-+&/71+&"2+"&+D412(".-(&+6"94+2(*;"-/)*+"2+" :+1(f?" F7-73)/1+".7/1./2+".71"]7*.("+1"+1.71'*(*"-("/1&:/*(./01"+1"41".A-+)*+".*/3+1"2+"-("A:7.(6"+-"2+" dE5(*?"%-"D+1/7"D*(1(2/17"+&.*/)/0"-%!,&#!"#&,.?+"6">"-("(-3+*/+1&+"83J,$#!"#1$,5"$"&"g!j$!h6"+1"-(" 94+" -(" :*7'(D71/&'(" *73:+" .71" -(&" .71,+1./71+&" &7./(-+&" +1" C(,7*" 2+" -(" :(&/01" ,+*2(2+*(6" C4D;127&+".71"&4"+1(37*(27?"Z1".(1'7"("-("345+*"-/)*+">"*73:+27*("+&.*/'7".(*("(".(*(".71"+-" +&:+57?"Y(3)/A1"()7*20"7'*7&"'+3(&",(-/+1'+&"+1"-("A:7.(".737"-("8737&+<4(-/2(26"+1"-("17,+-(" .7*'(":$$,&#B#"$$%&#%#"$$%&#B#"$$,&?" -#&./()!0/%!*/3#.#23&! %-"C+3/1/&37"2+"F7-73)/1+"C4+".(3)/(127">"*(2/.(-/J;127&+"("3+2/2("94+"+--("3/&3("(>42()("(" .71&'*4/*-7?" %1" &4&" /1/./7&6" 34>" /1C-4/2(" :7*" +-" *+D+1+*(./71/&37" 17,+1'(>7.8/&'(" >" -(&" /2+(&" l*(4&/&'(&6" +&" :(*'/2(*/(" 2+" 41(" (3:-/(./01" 2+" -(" /1&'*4../01" C+3+1/1(6" :+*7" &/1" .4+&'/71(*" -(" :7&/./01"2+"-("345+*".737"3(2*+">"+&:7&(?"B-":*/1./:/76"/1.-4&7"*+84E("+-"'A*3/17"C+3/1/&376"e3+" 2(" 3/+27" +-" C+3/1/&37" 94+" '/+12+" (" 3(&.4-/1/J(*" (" -(" 345+*f6" 2/.+" +1" !j!!?" @/1" +3)(*D76" &4&" :7&/./71+&" ,(1" 8(./A127&+" 3;&" >" 3;&" ('*+,/2(&" 8(&'(" -(" :4)-/.(./01" +1" !j#`" 2+" @,# '3G"+# '%!"+.,#B#&3&#!"+"1=%&N" P4+" :*+&/2+1'(" 2+" -(" F*4J(2(" 2+" L45+*+&" %&:(G7-(&6" :*/3+*(" 7*D(1/J(./01" C+3/1/&'(" 2+-" :(E&6" >" :+*'+1+./0" (" -(" ]/D(" M1'+*1(./71(-" 2+" L45+*+&" M)A*/.(&" +" M)+*7(3+*/.(1(&?" =()E(" '+1/27" 34.87" .71'(.'7".71"(&7./(./71+&"&4C*(D/&'(&"/1'+*1(./71(-+&"24*(1'+"&4&"143+*7&7&",/(5+&">"C4+"(*'EC/.+" 2+"-("/1'+D*(./01"2+-"C+3/1/&37"+&:(G7-"+1"+-"37,/3/+1'7"/1'+*1(./71(-?" %1"!j!j"*+'73(*E("&4",/+57"'+3("2+-",7'7"2+"-("345+*6"+1"41".-/3(">("3;&":*7.-/,+"("-("-4.8(6">"+1" ![" "


!j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j$#6" :(*'/./:()(" +1" 41(" 3+&(" *+2712(" 2+-" FE*.4-7" r(2/.(-" @7./(-/&'(" &7)*+" +24.(./01" &+<4(-6" e+1" -(&" )72(&" 2+-" C4'4*76" (-" '73(*&+" -7&" 2/.87&6" 2+)+*;" (.42/*" +-" 3A2/.7" +1" ,+J" 2+-" .71C+&7*f?" %&'(&" C4+*71"(-D41(&"2+"&4&"I-'/3(&":(-()*(&"(1'+&"2+"&7-/./'(*"94+",/1/+*("&4"(3/D7">"3A2/.7"H*+D7*/7" L(*(G01?"%&'+"17"+&'()("+1"-("&(-(6":+*7"7'*7&"27.'7*+&":*+&+1'+&"/1'+1'(*71"&7.7**+*-("&/1"A</'7?" BI1" &+*+1(6" --+D0" (" 2+./*" eL4+*7" .71'+1'(6" :7*94+" 34+*7" *+:4)-/.(1(" V/,(" -(" r+:I)-/.(Ä" ]+&" *4+D7"("4&'+2+&"94+"2/D(1".713/D7"V/,("-("r+:I)-/.(Äf" L7*/*E(" +&(" 3/&3(" 3(2*4D(2(" +1" &4" .(&(?" O41'7" (" +--(" +&'()(" +1" +-" 373+1'7" 2+" &4" 34+*'+" &4" 8+*3(1(" F('(-/1(6" Å(''>6" 94+" ,/,/0" .71" +--(" '72(" &4" ,/2(6" 8(./A127&+" .(*D7" 2+" -(" .(&(" >" 2+" -(&" -()7*+&" 2+-" 87D(*?" Z1(" 345+*" +1" -(" *+'(D4(*2/(" 2+" 7'*(" 345+*" :/71+*(n" 8+" (8E" 7'*(" C/D4*(" /1'+*+&(1'+"("2+&.4)*/*?" F71" -(" @+D412(" r+:I)-/.(" &+" .71&+D4/*E(" +-" &4C*(D/7" C+3+1/17" +1" %&:(G(6" >" +1" 3(*J7" 2+" !j$#" '(3)/A1"--+D(*E("-(":*/3+*("]+>"2+-"a/,7*./76":42/+127",+*"F7-73)/1+"-(",/.'7*/("C/1(-"2+"(-D41(&" 2+"&4&"-4.8(&",/'(-+&"3+&+&"(1'+&"2+"37*/*?"%1"(94+--7&"(G7&"2+.E(">("e17")(&'(".71"&+*"+-+.'7*(&^" 8+37&"2+"&+*"+-+D/)-+&f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j`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

!S" "


"#$%#&'()*+),!! 8'':nookkk?&737&3(-(&(1(?.73o-(b.71&'*4../71b2+-bC+3/1/&37b+1b.(*3+1b2+b)4*D7&b .7-73)/1+o" 8'':nookkk?C*71'+*(2?.73os9tuF#uB!94+b:+*&71(b.(*3+1b)4*D7&b.7-73)/1+" L717D*;C/.7" 2+" -(" *+,/&'(" B*)7*" 2+2/.(27" (" &4" C/D4*(" F(*3+1" 2+" X4*D7&n" F7-73)/1+" +1" -(" +2(2" 2+" :-('(" 2+" -(" -/'+*('4*(" +&:(G7-(?" F71.+:./01" dIG+J" r+>" " " " " " " " " " " " "

!`" "


TERESA DE CARTAGENA M1.-4/37&" +1" +&'+" D*4:7" 2+" 345+*+&" 7-,/2(2(&6" (" Y+*+&(" 2+" F(*'(D+1(6" (-" /D4(-" 94+" (" L(*E(" 2+" _(>(&6" &/1" &+*" (12(-4J(&6" :7*" -(" .(-/2(2" 2+" &4" 7)*(" >" :7*" &4" (:7*'(./01" (" -(" .71&'*4../01" 2+" 41" C+3/1/&37"'+3:*(176""94+"-(&"8(.+"2/D1(&"94+"&4":+1&(3/+1'7"&+"8(D(".717./27":7*"-(&"345+*+&" 2+"87>?"Y(3)/A16".737"+1"+-".(&7"2+"L(*E("2+"_(>(&6"8+37&"*+.4**/27"("-("k/l/:+2/("+1"+&:(G7-6" *+&:+'(127" -7" +1.71'*(27" >" *+.73+12(127" (" -(&" -+.'7*(&" 2+" +&'(&" &+3)-(1J(&" 94+" (8E" :72*;1" +1.71'*(*" C4+1'+&" 2+" /1C7*3(./01" &/" 2+&+(1" (3:-/(*" +-" .717./3/+1'7" 2+" -(" ,/2(" >" 7)*(" 2+" +&'(&" 345+*+&?! Y+*+&("2+"F(*'(D+1("g!N#[bÇsh"C4+"41("*+-/D/7&(">"+&.*/'7*("3E&'/.("&7*2("+&:(G7-(?"]("+&.*/'4*("2+" &4&" -/)*7&6" D+>%$"!,# !"# $%&# "./"+'%&" >" D!'0+,O0P.# 79"+3'# Q"B" &+" 2+)+6" +1" )4+1(" 3+2/2(6" (" -(" &7*2+*(" 94+" (C+.'0" (" -(" (4'7*(" (" :(*'/*" 2+" !N[$" 7" !N[j?" %&';" .71&/2+*(2(" .737" -(" :*/3+*(" +&.*/'7*("3E&'/.("+1"+&:(G7-">"+-"I-'/37"2+"&4&"-/)*7&"+&6"+1"7:/1/01"2+"(-D417&"(4'7*+&6"+-":*/3+*" '+<'7"C+3/1/&'("+&.*/'7":7*"41("345+*"+&:(G7-(?! " %-" 8/&'7*/(27*" P*(1./&.7" F(1'+*(" X4*D7&" (C/*3(" 94+" Y+*+&(" +&" 41(" .71,+*&(" 2+" 7*/D+1" 542E76" :+*'+1+./+1'+" (" -(" :72+*7&(" C(3/-/(" .(&'+--(1(" 2+" -7&" @(1'(" L(*E(" F(*'(D+1(?" @4" ()4+-76" r()E" @+-730" 8(b]+,/6" &+" .71,/*'/0" (-" .*/&'/(1/&37" (-*+2+27*" 2+" !$jR" >" C4+" )(4'/J(27" .737" W()-7" 2+" @(1'("L(*E(6"--+D(127"("&+*"7)/&:7"2+"X4*D7&"+1"!N!N?"F(1'+*("X4*D7&"2+&.4)*/0"94+"Y+*+&("+*(" -("8/5("2+"W+2*7"2+"F(*'(D+1("D*(./(&"(-"'+&'(3+1'7"2+"41"7)/&:7":7&'+*/7*6"B-71&7"2+"F(*'(D+1(6" 8+*3(17"2+"W+2*7">"'E7"2+"Y+*+&(?" Y+*+&("+1'*0"+1"+-"371(&'+*/7"C*(1./&.(17"2+"@(1'("F-(*("+1"X4*D7&"(-*+2+27*"2+-"(G7"!NNR6"&/1" 94+"'72(,E("&+"-+"84)/+*("3(1/C+&'(27"-("&7*2+*(?"%1"!NNj"C4+"'*(&-(2(2("(-"371(&'+*/7"2+"@(1'(" L(*E("-("r+(-"2+"](&"=4+-D(&6":+*'+1+./+1'+"("-("7*2+1"2+-"FE&'+*?"@4"/1D*+&7"+1"+&'+"371(&'+*/7" &+" 2+)+*E(" g(&E" -7" &4D/+*+1" a(>-+" @+/2+1&:/11+*bdIG+J" >" \71&77" Å/3h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r+&4-'(" !T" "


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a/7&" -(" 8(" (C-/D/27" :(*(" &+:(*(*-(" 2+" -(&" 2/&'*(../71+&" 2+" '727&" -7&" 2E(&?" a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p,/*'47&("&+G7*(p6"94+":4+2+"&+*"O4(1("2+"L+127J(6"'727":(*+.+"/12/.(*" 94+" +-" '+<'7" &+" +1C7.(" (" 41(" (42/+1./(" C+3+1/1(" 3;&" +<'+1&(?" @/1" +3)(*D76" +-" DA1+*7" 2+" -(" 1%.&%$,*0%"7".71&7-(./01"&7-E("&+*"+&.*/'7":7*",(*71+&">"&+"2/*/DE("("41("(42/+1./("3(&.4-/1(^":(*(" 843/--(*&+" +&'*('AD/.(3+1'+" (1'+" &4&" -+.'7*+&" 3(&.4-/17&6" -(" (4'7*(" *+/'+*(" -(" 2+)/-/2(2" 2+" &4" /1'+-+.'7"p-(")(<+J("+"D*7&+*E("2+"3/"34D+*/-"">1D+1/7p?" 903#():#;.!<1/(83!=/4! B" :+&(*" 2+" &4&" +&'*('+D/(&" :(*(" 2+&(*3(*" +-" 3(.8/&37" 2+" &4&" -+.'7*+&" +1" D+>%$"!,6" A&'7&" *+.8(J(*71"(I1"-("7)*("2+"Y+*+&(".737":-(D/76">"+1"*+&:4+&'("("+&'(".*E'/.(".73:4&7"D!'0+,O0P.# %9"+3'#Q"0"(*D43+1'(127"94+"&/"a/7&".*+0"(-"873)*+".71"-("C(.4-'(2"2+"+&.*/)/*6"'(3)/A1":427" 8()+*"8+.87"("-("345+*".71"+&("C(.4-'(26">"&/"&+",+"1('4*(-"94+"-7&"873)*+&"+&.*/)(1":7*94+"-7" +3:+J(*71" (" 8(.+*" 8(.+" '/+3:76" '(3)/A1" +--(" :4+2+" +3:+J(*" (" 8(.+*-7?" }4+" -(" 345+*" 17" 8(>(" +&.*/'7" 8(&'(" (87*(" 17" &/D1/C/.(" 94+" 17" &+(" '(1" 1('4*(-" 8(.+*-7" :(*(" +--(" .737" :(*(" +-" 873)*+?" %<:71+"94+"&/"a/7&".71.+2+"+&'+"271"(-"873)*+6"'(3)/A1":4+2+"2(*"+-"271"("-("345+*?"%-"&/D4/+1'+" :(&(5+"/-4&'*(".037"Y+*+&("3/*("&4"*+-(./01".71"a/7&">"-("(4'7*E("2+"&4"7)*(n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j" "


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a/7&" :(*(" .71.+2+*" 271+&" >6" :7*" .71&/D4/+1'+6" +&'7" -7" 7C+12+*E(?" ](" p,/*'47&(" &+G7*(p" (2+3;&" &/3:('/J(".71"-(":*+7.4:(./01"2+"Y+*+&(?"W(*("/-4&'*(*"+&'+":41'7"8(.+"4&7"2+",(*/(&"/3;D+1+&">" *+C+*+1./(&n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a/7&"+<.-4&/,(3+1'+":(*("-("*+:*724../01">"'+1+*" 41":(:+-"3+*(3+1'+":(&/,7?" " "#$%#&'()*+),!! 8'':&noo+&?k/l/:+2/(?7*Do'+*+&(v2+v.(*'(D+1(" 8'':nookkk?345+*+&+1-(8/&'7*/(?.73o#R![oRSo-(b3/&'/.(bC+3/1/&'(b'+*+&(b2+?8'3-" kkk?*',+?+&?345+*+&"+1"-("8/&'7*/(?""kkk?)/)-/7'+.(,/*'4(-2+(12(-4./(?+&" ! ! ! ! #R" "


#!" "


MARÍA DEL PILAR CONTRERAS Y ALBA DE RODRÍ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r+(-" gO(A1h" +-" !#" 2+" 7.'4)*+" 2+" !TS!6" >" C(--+./2("+1"L(2*/2"+1"!j$R?"B4194+"2+&'(.0"'(3)/A1".737".73:7&/'7*("34&/.(-6"C4+"&7)*+"'727" 41("2+"-(&"+&.*/'7*(&"+&:(G7-(&"3;&":*7-EC/.(&"2+"C/1(-+&"2+-"&/D-7"UMU">".73/+1J7&"2+-"UU6"'(1'7"+1" +-" DA1+*7" 2*(3;'/.7" .737" +1" +-" .4-'/,7" 2+" -(" :7+&E(?" %1" (-D417&" *+:+*'7*/7&" >" .(';-7D7&" 2+" &4" A:7.("(:(*+.+"./'(2("&/1"&4"&+D4127"(:+--/27"gB-)(h6"94+"+--("3/&3("&4:*/3/0"+1"-("C/*3("2+"&4&" +&.*/'7&" 2+&:4A&" 2+" 8()+*" .71'*(E27" 3('*/371/7" .71" +-" ,/.+.01&4-" 2+-" W+*I" +1" %&:(G(6" 271" BD4&'E1"r72*ED4+J?" B-+1'(2(" 2+&2+" 34>" '+3:*(1(" +2(2" :7*" 41(" (.4&(2(" ,7.(./01" -/'+*(*/(6" &+" 2/7" (-" .4-'/,7" 2+-" DA1+*7" :7A'/.7" 2+&2+" 94+" +*(" 41(" 1/G(6" (-" '/+3:7" 94+" &+" /)(" +5+*./'(127" '(3)/A1" +1" -(" .73:7&/./01" 2+" :/+J(&" 34&/.(-+&" 2+" ,(*/(2(" 1('4*(-+J(?" B&E6" .73+1J0" (" :4)-/.(*" &4&" :*/3+*7&" :7+3(&"+1"+-"2/(*/7"5/+11+1&+"@,#A"+!,!6">":7.7"2+&:4A&".73:4&7"+-",(-&";V&*%+#B#8P$3T6":7*"+-" 94+"C4+"D(-(*271(2("+1"-("%<:7&/./01"W*7,/1./(-"7*D(1/J(2("+1"O(A1":7*"-("@7./+2(2"%.7103/.(?" F71'()(6"("-("&(J016"2/+./&/+'+"(G7&"2+"+2(26">">(":7*"(94+-"+1'71.+&"+*(".717./2(">".+-+)*(2("+1" &4" +1'7*17" .4-'4*(-" :7*" &4&" 27'+&" :7A'/.(&" >" 34&/.(-+&?" B" -7" -(*D7" 2+" &4" ,/2(" .737" .*+(27*(" 34&/.(-6"W/-(*"F71'*+*(&".73:4&7"'(3)/A1"-7&"-/)*+'7&"34&/.(-+&"2+"-("J(*J4+-(":.*+"1,&*,J,&"g.71" -+'*(" 2+" WA*+J" H/*(-2+" >" O?" V;J94+Jh" >" 2+" -(" 0:+*(" @,# A0+?".# !"$# [%++".*"6" (&E" .737" -7&" 8/317&" '/'4-(27&"D#$,#;,+0!,!6"D#$,#8,*+0,6"D#;"+5,.*"&6"D$#*+,>,G%">"D#A0$$,1,++0$$%?"W*+./&(3+1'+"C4+"417" 2+"&4&"8/317&"+-"+-+D/27":(*("94+"-7&"1/G7&"2+"-("%&.4+-("L72+-7".713+37*(*(16"+1"-("3(2*/-+G(" W-(J("2+-"a7&"2+"L(>76"+-"M"F+1'+1(*/7"2+"-("H4+**("2+"-("M12+:+12+1./(?" @/1" +3)(*D7" b.737" >(" &+" 8(" (2,+*'/27" (-" .73/+1J7" 2+" +&'(&" -E1+(&b6" -(" (4'7*(" 5/+11+1&+" C4+" 34.87"3;&".717./2(":7*"&4"C(.+'("2+"+&.*/'7*(6"2+"-("94+".73+1J0"2+5(127"143+*7&(&"34+&'*(&" ##" "


/3:*+&(&" +1" 2/C+*+1'+&" 3+2/7&" 2+" .7341/.(./01?" B" :(*'/*" 2+" !TjR6" >(" /1&'(-(2(" +1" -(" .(:/'(-" 2+" %&:(G(6" W/-(*" F71'*+*(&" &+" 8/J7" .(*D7" 2+" -(" 2/*+../01" 2+-" :+*/02/.7" :$# D'0?%# !"$# \%?,+6" >" :7&'+*/7*3+1'+" :(&0" (" .7-()7*(*" '(3)/A1" .71" 7'*7&" *7'('/,7&" >" *+,/&'(&" '(1" &+G(-(27&" .737" @,# 6%!,# :$"?,.*"" g2+" L(2*/2h6" @,# )"?"."+,10P." g2+" O(A1h6" :$# 83">$%# ;,*P$01%" g'(3)/A1" 5/+11+1&+h6" 2"'0.,$" g2+" X(*.+-71(h" >" 63.!%# ]+V/01%" g2+" L(2*/2h?" %1" '727&" +--7&" 2+50" /3:*+&7&" (*'E.4-7&" >6" &7)*+" '7276" :7+3(&6" +" /1.-4&7" --+D0" (" +&'(3:(*" (-D41(&" .(1./71+&" g.737" +1" +-" 1I3+*7" 2+" 2"'0.,$" 2+-" #$" 2+" C+)*+*7" 2+" !jRT6" +1" +-" 94+" :4)-/.0" -(" -+'*(" >" 3I&/.(" 2+" 41(" .73:7&/./01" '/'4-(2(";+"93&13$,+h?"" Z1" (:*+&4*(27" *+.7**/27" :7*" -7&" 'E'4-7&" >" :*/3+*7&" ,+*&7&" 2+" (-D417&" 2+" +&'7&" '*()(57&" :+*/72E&'/.7&6"&+*,/*;":(*("7C*+.+*"41("34+&'*("&/D1/C/.('/,("2+"-7&".71'+1/27&"'*('(27&":7*"L(*E(" 2+-"W/-(*"F71'*+*(&"+1"+-".71541'7"2+"&4":*724../01"-/'+*(*/(6"(&E".737"2+"-(".7**/+1'+"+&'A'/.("+1" 94+"&+"/1&.*/)+1">"2+-"(-/+1'7"/2+7-0D/.7"94+"-7&"&7&'/+1+1?"%1"@,#6%!,#:$"?,.*"6"-("+&.*/'7*("2+" O(A1":4)-/.0"pB"-("+1.(1'(27*("1/G("H-7*/("WA*+Jp"g!Tjjh^"+1"@,#)"?"."+,10P.6"-(&".73:7&/./71+&" :7A'/.(&"'/'4-(2(&"pF71'*(&'+&p"gp:.*+,>,.#1%.#9$,1"+#$%&#.0J%&#+01%&NNNp6"#N"2+"2/./+3)*+"2+"!jR`h6" pF037" '*()(5(Äp" gp@,# 5"%# *,.# G3010%&,NNNp6" #`" 2+" C+)*+*7" 2+" !jRTh6" pF(1'7" (" @?" L?" -(" r+/1(" ay" V/.'7*/(" %4D+1/(6" B4D4&'(" W*+&/2+1'(" 2+" -(" F*4J" r75(" %&:(G7-(p" gp]+,.!"# %&# 50%# 53"&*+%# 93">$%(# ?+,.#<"J%+,NNNp6"S"2+"C+)*+*7"2+"!j!`h">6"+1'*+"7'*7&"34.87&":7+3(&6"27&":/+J(&"2+2/.(2(&"("-(&" :*7,/1./(&"(12(-4J(&"2+"H*(1(2("gpD#"&*"#+0.1P.#R3"+0!%NNp6"$"2+"54-/7"2+"!jRjh">"O(A1"gp23"#*0"++,# !"# ^,E.# '0# 13.,# ,',!,NNNp6" !N" 2+" 7.'4)*+" 2+" !j##h^" >" +1" :$# 83">$%# ;,*P$01%" 2+50" +&'(3:(2(&" (-D41(&" :7+&E(&" '(1" ,(*/(2(&" +1'*+" &E" .737" -(&" '/'4-(2(&" pL(*E(" (-" :/+" 2+" -(" F*4Jp" gpD."?,!,# !"# ,'%+#B#!"#,',+?3+,NNNp6"!["2+"()*/-"2+"!jRTh6"pF71&+57&p"gp40J,#!"#!3$1"&#%G%&NNNp6"!S"2+"541/7"2+" !jRTh6" p](&" 27&" ,/&/'(&???p" gp8,&,>,# 9%+# '0# 93"+*,# $,# ,$"?+C,NNNp6" [" 2+" 3(*J7" 2+" !j!Rh" >" pL('+*" a7-7*7&(p"gp:.#"$#13,!+%#&%'>+C%#!"#*"++%+#B#,?%.C,NNNp6"#$"2+"3(*J7"2+"!j!Rh?" d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gO(A16" !j!!h6"2+"B-C*+27"F()(J;16"2712+"94+20"/3:*+&("&4"(4'7)/7D*(CE("+1",+*&7"p23"#*0"++,#!"#^,E.#'0# 13.,# ,',!,NNNp^" B&/3/&376" 34.87&" 2+" &4&" :7+3(&" &/*,/+*71" :(*(" (.73:(G(*6" +1" 2/C+*+1'+&" .71,7.('7*/(&6" -7&" 8+%?+,',&# !"# $,# A0+?".6" 2+" B-.(-;" -(" r+(-^" >" 41(" 7:/1/01" &4>(" (.+*.(" 2+-" 2/,7*./7"94+20"/1.-4/2("'(3)/A1"+1"+-"-/)*7":$#!05%+10%#".#:&9,J,6"2+"F(*3+1"2+"X4*D7&"@+D4E?" @/"-("&43("2+"'727&"+&'7&"+&.*/'7&"(4:(*71"("L(*E("2+-"W/-(*"F71'*+*(&">"B-)("2+"r72*ED4+J"("417" 2+" -7&" -4D(*+&" ./3+*7&" +1'*+" -(&" +&.*/'7*(&" +&:(G7-(&" 2+" &4" '/+3:76" &4" .71&(D*(./01" 2+C/1/'/,(" .737" -/'+*('(" ,/17" 2+" -(" 3(17" 2+" -(" :4)-/.(./01" 2+" &4" 3(D1(" 7)*(" '+('*(-6" +<.-4&/,(3+1'+" 2+2/.(2(" (-" :I)-/.7" /1C(1'/-?" %&.*/'(" +1" .7-()7*(./01" .71" -(" 2*(3('4*D(" F(*7-/1(" @7'76" -(" 3(>7*" :(*'+" 2+" +&'(" :*724../01" 2*(3;'/.(" 2+" -(" +&.*/'7*(" 5/+11+1&+" +&'()(" 2+&'/1(2(" (" -(" #$" "


.713+37*(./01" 2+" +C+3A*/2+&" >" (1/,+*&(*/7&" 94+" .+-+)*()(1" +1" -7&" .7-+D/7&" g.43:-+(G7&6" 7173;&'/.(&" 2+" -7&" 3(+&'*7&" >" -(&" 3(+&'*(&6" +'.?h6" -7" .4(-" 8/J7" 94+" &4" 173)*+" C4+*(" +<'*+3(2(3+1'+":7:4-(*"+1'*+"-7&"1/G7&">"-(&"1/G(&"2+"&4"A:7.(?"@+"'*('("2+"41"'+('*7"2/2;.'/.7">" 37*(-/J(1'+6" +1" 7.(&/71+&" *(>(17" .71" -(" .4*&/-+*E(" >" -(" 375/D('+*E(6" >" &/+3:*+" (1.-(27" +1" 417&" :*+&4:4+&'7&" /2+7-0D/.7&" .('0-/.7&6" .71&+*,(27*+&" >6" +1" 7.(&/71+&6" *+(../71(*/7&?" @/1" +3)(*D76" '4,/+*71" +17*3+" (.+:'(./01" 2+1'*7" 2+" -(&" +&.4+-(&" 2712+" &+" *+:*+&+1'()(1" g.(&/" &/+3:*+" /1&'/'4./71+&" *+-/D/7&(&6" .737" +-" F7-+D/7" L(*E(" M13(.4-(2(" 2+" L(2*/26" 2712+" &+" :4&/+*71" +1" +&.+1(" -(" 3(>7*" :(*'+" 2+" -(&" :/+J(&" 2+" L(*E(" 2+-" W/-(*" F71'*+*(&h6" -7" 94+" :+*3/'/0" (" -(" (4'7*(" :*737./71(*"'(3)/A1"2+1'*7"2+-"34127"+&.7-(*"+-"*+&'7"2+"&4":*724../01"-/'+*(*/(?" %1"2+C/1/'/,(6"L(*E("2+-"W/-(*"F71'*+*(&">"B-)("&+".71,/*'/0"+1"41("2+"-(&"C/D4*(&"/1'+-+.'4(-+&"2+"&4" A:7.(6" .737" 94+2(" :('+1'+" +1" -(" D*(1" .(1'/2(2" 2+" :*+3/7&" >" 2/&'/1./71+&" 94+" *+./)/0" g+1'*+" 7'*7&6"-7&"D(-(*271+&".71.+2/27&":7*"+-"F+1'*7"B*'E&'/.7"2+"H*(1(2("+1"!j!R6"2+"F0*27)("+1"!j![" >" 2+" F(*'(D+1(" +1" !j!Sh?" \(" (" .73/+1J7&" 2+-" &/D-7" UU" b.71.*+'(3+1'+6" +1" 3(*J7" 2+" !jRSb6" +1" ('+1./01" (-" :*+&'/D/7" .4-'4*(-" 2+-" 94+" D7J()(6" 8()E(" &/27" /1,/'(2(" :7*" -(" Z1/01" M)+*7(3+*/.(1(" :(*(":*7141./(*"+1"&4"&+2+"3(2*/-+G("41(".71C+*+1./("&7)*+"&4&"&()+*+&"34&/.(-+&"gp]("3I&/.(n" &4" /1C-4+1./(" +1" -(" +24.(./01" :7:4-(*^" &4" /3:7*'(1./(" +1" 14+&'*(&" *+-(./71+&" .71" -7&" :4+)-7&" /)+*7b(3+*/.(17&ph6" ./*.41&'(1./(" 94+" 2+34+&'*(" '(3)/A1" &4&" )4+1(&" *+-(./71+&" .71" -(&" :*/1./:(-+&"/1&'/'4./71+&":7-E'/.(&">".4-'4*(-+&"2+-":(E&?"%-"3(>7*"*+.717./3/+1'7"94+"-+"--+D0":7*" :(*'+"2+"-(&"/1&'(1./(&"7C/./(-+&"C4+"-(".71.+&/01"2+"-("F*4J"2+"B-C71&7"UMM6"2/&'/1./01"94+"*+./)/0"+1" !j!j6".4(127"&4".(:(./2(2".*+('/,(">("&+"8()E(",/&'7".71&/2+*()-+3+1'+"3+*3(2("(".(4&("2+"&4&" 34.87&" (G7&" >" -(&" D*(,+&" 27-+1./(&" 94+" :(2+.E(?" %1" +C+.'76" -(" /1.7**+D/)-+" 3/7:E(" 94+" &4C*E(" 2+&2+"34>"'+3:*(1("+2(2"&+"8()E("/27"(.+1'4(127"8(&'("+-"+<'*+37"2+".(4&(*-+"-(":A*2/2("'7'(-" 2+"-(",/&/016":7*"-7"94+"24*(1'+"-7&"I-'/37&"(G7&"2+"&4",/2("94+20"&43/2("+1"-(".+D4+*("()&7-4'(6" +&'(27"+1"+-"94+"-("&7*:*+12/0"-("34+*'+"+1"!j$R?" B":+&(*"2+"-("+&.(&("b7"14-(b"/3:7*'(1./("94+6"2+&2+"41":41'7"2+",/&'("+&'*/.'(3+1'+"-/'+*(*/7"7" 2*(3;'/.76" :4+2+" *+,+&'/*" -(" 7)*(" '+('*(-" 2+" L(*E(" 2+-" W/-(*" F71'*+*(&6" *+&4-'(" 7)-/D(27" 2+2/.(*" 41("+&:+./(-"('+1./01"("+&'(&":/+J(&"/1C(1'/-+&"94+6"2+&2+"-(":*+'+1&/01"2+"+24.(*"37*(-3+1'+"(" -7&"1/G7&">"1/G(&"2+".73/+1J7&"2+"&/D-76"&+".71,/+*'+1"*+(-3+1'+"+1":72+*7&7&"/1&'*43+1'7&"2+" :*7:(D(12(" 2+" -7&" /2+(-+&" 3;&" *+'*0D*(27&" 2+" -(" .-(&+&" 273/1(1'+&?" d7" +&" 2+" +<'*(G(*" 94+" +-" ,(-7*"&7./7-0D/.7"2+"+&'(&")*+,+&".73:7&/./71+&"+&.A1/.(&"2+"L(*E("2+-"W/-(*"F71'*+*(&">"F(*7-/1(" @7'76" 17" 8(>(" :(&(27" /1(2,+*'/27" :(*(" -(&" :+*&71(&" +&'42/7&(&" 2+-" '+('*7" +&:(G7-" .71'+3:7*;1+76"("-7&"94+"8("(**(1.(27"54/./7&"'(1"&/D1/C/.('/,7&".737"+-"&/D4/+1'+n" p@,# ',B%+# 9,+*"# !"# "&*,&# %>+,&# &%.# _,9+%9P&0*%&_# B# _13'9$0'0".*%&_# `/"$010*,10%."&# ,# $,# 6,!+"# <39"+0%+,a#9,+,#&"+#+"9+"&".*,!,&#".#/"&*050!,!"&#"&1%$,+"&"z???{N#:$$%#'%*05,#R3"#".#1,!,#3.,#!"# $,&# %>+,&# 0.*"+5".?,# 3.# ?+39%# .3'"+%&%# !"# "&1%$,+"&(# +"9+"&".*,.!%# 9"+&%.,G"&(# 1,&0# &0"'9+"# /"'".0.%&N#:&#&0"'9+"#3.#*",*+%#!0!V1*01%(#+"9$"*%#!"#'%+,$0.,&#".#$,&#R3"#&"#1%'3.01,.#$"110%."&# !"# +,.10,# '%+,$# 1,*P$01,N# :.# "$$,&# $,# '3G"+# 9"+/"1*,# !">"# &"+# &3'0&,(# 90,!%&,(# !3$1"(# +"1,*,!,(# 1,$$,!,(#$,>%+0%&,(#R3"#?%F,#&,1+0/01V.!%&"#9%+#$%&#!"'V&#B#'3B#"&9,J%$,N#@,#',B%+#9,+*"#!"#$,&# #N" "


5"1"&#&%.#%>+,&#*+"'".!,'".*"#13+&0&(#1,+".*"&#!"#5,$%+#!+,'V*01%#B#$0*"+,+0%N#<3#',B%+#0.*"+E&# +,!01,# ".# R3"# &%.# ,3*E.*01%&# ',.3,$"&# !"# 1%&*3'>+"&# 9,+,# &"J%+0*,&# !"# $,# E9%1,N# @,&# 50+*3%&,&# .0J,&# !"# 80$,+# ;%.*+"+,&# +"9+"&".*,.# $%# R3"# &"# "&9"+,>,# !"# $,# '3G"+# ,# 9+0.1090%&# !"# &0?$%# ".# $%&# &"1*%+"&#'V&#1%.&"+5,!%+"&p"g50!?"0./+,6"+1"pX/)-/7D*(CE(p6"O4(1"B1'71/7"=7*3/D01h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gL(2*/2n" M3:*+1'(" 2+" B1'71/7" x-,(*+J6" !j!Rb!j!`h?" %-" '737" M" g!j!Rh" .71&'()(" 2+" -7&" 'E'4-7&" &/D4/+1'+&n" DJ%# 43"5%" g(:*7:0&/'7" +1" 41" (.'7" >" +1" ,+*&7h6" @,# 9"R3"J,# ,+*0&*," g3710-7D7" +1" ,+*&7h6":$#"&9V++,?%#B#$,#/+"&,"g2/;-7D7"+1",+*&7h6":$#9,&%#!"$#1%'"*,#g(:*7:0&/'7"(&'*7103/.7"+1" ,+*&76".+1'*(27"+1"-(".71'+3:-(./01"2+-".73+'("=(--+>"2+&2+"-("Y/+**("+1"!jRjh6"@,#/0"&*,#!"#$,# ,$"?+C,"g(:*7:0&/'7"+1"41"(.'7">"+1",+*&7h">":$#1%.13+&%#!"#$,&#/$%+"&"g(:*7:0&/'7"+1"41"(.'7">"+1" ,+*&7h?" %-" '737" MM" gL(2*/2n" V/42(" 2+" B1'71/7" x-,(*+J6" !j!#h" /1.-4E(" -(&" :/+J(&" '/'4-(2(&" @,# =3"$?,# !"$# ,>"1"!,+0%" g*+,/&'(" .03/.7b.*E'/.(" +1" :*7&(" >" ,+*&7h6" b@%# R3"# =,1"# "$# 9"$,G"c" g3710-7D7" &+3/8437*E&'/.7"+1",+*&7h6"@,#,$>%+,!,#!"#$,&#/$%+"&"g54D4+'+"+1",+*&7".71"3I&/.(h6"@,#;=,+$,*,.," g2/;-7D7".71"3I&/.("+1",+*&7h">"@,#1%.&3$*,"g:(&7"2+".73+2/(h?" %-"'737"MMM"gL(2*/2n"V/42("2+"B1'71/7"x-,(*+J6"!j!$h"2()(".()/2("("-(&"&/D4/+1'+&".73:7&/./71+&" '+('*(-+&">":7A'/.(&n"pW7+&E("("-("@(1'E&/3("V/*D+1"7C*+./A127-+"-(&"C-7*+&"2+"3(>7p6"+&.*/'(":(*("+-" F7-+D/7" 2+" %&.-(,(&" F71.+:./71/&'(&" 2+-" @?" F?" 2+" O?" 2+" L;-(D(" gpS%# *"# %/+"F1%# ?%F%&,(# <"J%+,# B# 6,!+"#'C,NNNph^"pF43:-/3/+1'7"(-"M-37?"@*?"K)/&:7"2+???"L?p6"+&.*/'7":(*("+-"B&/-7"2+"@(1"B1'016"2+" F(*'(D+1(" gp]%F,.!%# $,# 0.*".&,# 5".*3+,# 0."/,>$"&NNNph^" pF43:-/3/+1'7" (" -(" r+,+*+12(" L(2*+" @4:+*/7*(" gF7-+D/7" 2+" @(1'(" @4&(1(hp^" pF43:-/3/+1'7" (" -(" O41'(" 2+-" W*7'+.'7*(27" 2+" -(" M1C(1./(" gF7-+D/7" 2+" r+-/D/7&(&" 2+-" F?" 2+" O?hp" gp:&# %>+,# 0.1%'9,+,>$"(# !"# ,'%+# B# !"# 1$"'".10,NNNp^" pF43:-/3/+1'7?" W(*(" +-" &7-+31+" (.'7" 2+-" *+:(*'7" 2+" :*+3/7&" gF7-+D/7" 2+" d/G(&" W7)*+&" 2/*/D/27" :7*" r+-/D/7&(&" >" :*7'+D/27" :7*" @+G7*(&" F('0-/.(&hp" gpD$# *"+'0.,+# "$# ,1*%NNNph^" pF43:-/3/+1'7" (" -(" r+,+*+12("L?"@?"gF7-+D/7"2+"L(*E("M13(.4-(2(hp"gp<%'%&#,$',&#!01=%&,&(#.0J,&#,?+,!"10!,&NNNph^" pF43:-/3/+1'7"("-(&"W*7'+.'7*(&"2+"-7&"F7-+D/7&"F('0-/.7&"gp:.#'"!0%#!"$#>3$$010%NNNph^"7/+".!,#!"# d.?"$"&#g.43:-/3/+1'7"+1",+*&76":(*("+-"&7-+31+"(.'7"2+-"*+:(*'7"2+":*+3/7&h6";,9+01=%#!"#1%$%+" gC(1'(&E(" 8437*E&'/.(" +1" 41" (.'76" +1" :*7&(" >" +1" ,+*&7h^" >" @,&# !0&*+,110%."&# !"# @,3+," g:(&7" 2+" .73+2/(h?" %-" '737" MV" gL(2*/2n" M3:*+1'(" 2+" -(" V/42(" 2+" B1'71/7" x-,(*+J6" !j!Nh6" *+.7D+" -(&" 7)*/'(&" @,# .0J,# 9%>+"" g2/;-7D7" /1C(1'/-h6" )"!0'0!," g3710-7D7" +1" :*7&(h6" :.# $,# =%+,# !"$# +"1+"%" g.71,+*&(./01" #[" "


/1C(1'/-h6" @,# .0J,# 9+"?3.*%.," g2/;-7D7h6" e.,# 5"10.,# !"# $,# 1%+*"# B# D$"?%+C,# !"$# DJ%# 43"5%" g3710-7D7"+1",+*&7h">"<0$".10%NNN(#R3"#.%#&"#".*"+""g54D4+'+"2+"C+-/./'(./01h?" %1" +-" '737" V" gL(2*/2n" M3:*+1'(" 2+" -(" V/42(" 2+" B1'71/7" x-,(*+J6" !j![h" ,/+*71" -(" -4J" -(&" :/+J(&" '/'4-(2(&" <,$3!%# 9+"$0'0.,+" g3710-7D7h6" Q0V$%?%# !"# /0.# !"# 13+&%" g+&.+1(" I1/.(" +1" ,+*&7h6" @,# %+,10P.# !"# $%&# .0J%&" g+&.+1(" 2+" .7-+D/7" *+:*+&+1'()-+" :(*(" 27.+" 1/G(&h6" 7/+".!,# +"?0," gC(1'(&E(" )*/--(1'+"+1"41"(.'7">"+1",+*&7h6":G"+1010%&#!"#?0'.,&0,"g54D4+'+"+&.7-(*h">";,.*%&#+"$0?0%&%&?" P/1(-3+1'+6" -(" (:(*/./01" 2+-" &+<'7" >" I-'/37" '737" gL(2*/2n" M3:*+1'(" 2+" -(" V/42(" 2+" B1'71/7" x-,(*+J6" !j!`h" 2+" +&'+" [",*+%# 0./,.*0$" &4:4&7" -(" 2/C4&/01" /3:*+&(" 2+" :$# 13".*%# !"# $,# ,>3"$0*," g3710-7D7"+1",+*&7h6"@,&#*+"&#6,+C,&"g(:*7:0&/'7h6";%+%.,#!"#,'%+"g7C*+./3/+1'7"("-(",/*D+16"+1" ,+*&7h6":$#'"G%+#"'9$"%"g7C*+./3/+1'7"+1",+*&7h6":.#$,#/0"&*,#!"$#V+>%$"g2/&.4*&7":7A'/.7"+1",+*&7h" >"@,#".*+,!,#".#"$#?+,.#'3.!%"gJ(*J4+-/'("+1"41"(.'76"+1":*7&(">",+*&7h?" B2+3;&"2+"+&'("(3:-/("*+.7:/-(./01"+1"&+/&",7-I3+1+&6"-("2*(3('4*D("5/+11+1&+"2/7"("-("/3:*+1'(" 7'*(&" 34.8(&" .73:7&/./71+&" +&.A1/.(&" &(-/2(&" 2+" &4" :-43(6" +1'*+" -(&" 94+" .71,/+1+" *+.7*2(*" +-" &(/1+'+" -E*/.7" :$# ".&,B%# ?"."+,$" gL(2*/2n" M3:*+1'(" 2+" -(" V/42(" 2+" B?" x-,(*+J6" !j!!h^" +-" '*/;-7D7" .03/.7b.*E'/.76" +1" :*7&(" >" ,+*&76" .71" 3I&/.(6" '/'4-(27" 8,&,!%(# 9+"&".*"# B# /3*3+%" gL(2*/2n" M3:*+1'("2+"-("V/42("2+"B?"x-,(*+J6"!j!#h^"-("J(*J4+-/'("+1"41"(.'7">"+1",+*&76":(*(":;*,4-7&6"40J%&# B# /$%+"&" gL(2*/2n" M3:*+1'(" 2+" -(" V/42(" 2+" B?" x-,(*+J6" !j!Nh^" +-" &(/1+'+" +1" 41" (.'7" @%&# 9C1,+%&# 0.*"+"&"&"gL(2*/2n"M3:*+1'("2+"-("V/42("2+"B?"x-,(*+J6"!j!Nh^"-(".73+2/("-E*/.("+1"'*+&"(.'7&"@%&# 1,9+01=%&#%#@,&#*+"&#,9,+010%."&"gL(2*/2n"M3:*+1'("2+"-("V/42("2+"B?"x-,(*+J6"!j!`h^"+-"&(/1+'+"+1" 41" (.'7" >" +1" :*7&(" Q%'E&*01,&NNN# B# &0.# !%'"&*01,+" gL(2*/2n" M3:*+1'(" 2+" -(" V/42(" 2+" B?" x-,(*+J6" !j!`h^" -(" J(*J4+-(" +1" 41" (.'7" >" +1" ,+*&7" 63J"1%&# B# '3J"1,&# %# @,&# .0J,&# ".# "$# >,F,+" gL(2*/2n" M3:*+1'(" 2+" -(" V/42(" 2+" B?" x-,(*+J6" !j!`h^" +-" 54D4+'+" .03/.7b-E*/.7" bI3E# 1%&,&# *0"."&(# -".0*,c" gL(2*/2n" M3:*+1'(" 2+" -(" V/42(" 2+" B?" x-,(*+J6" !j!`h^" +-" 54D4+'+" .03/.7" @,# 5%F# !"# $,# ]+,*0*3!# %# Q%J,#8"+"F,#".#,110P."gL(2*/2n"M3:*+1'("2+"-("V/42("2+"B?"x-,(*+J6"!j!`h6">"+-"(:*7:0&/'7"+1"41" (.'7"+1":*7&(">",+*&7"@,#1,G,#!%*,$"gL(2*/2n"M3:*+1'("2+"MJ94/+*27">"V+*(6"z&?(?{h?" -&/2+)! L(*E(" 2+-" W/-(*" F71'*+*(&" *+.7:/-0" '(3)/A1" &4" :*724../01" :7A'/.(" +1" 2/C+*+1'+&" :7+3(*/7&" 94+" C4+"2(127"("-("/3:*+1'("("-7"-(*D7"2+"&4"2/-('(2(".(**+*("-/'+*(*/(?"=+"(94E"41("&73+*("*+-(./01"2+" +&'7&"'E'4-7&":7A'/.7&"2+"-("+&.*/'7*("2+"B-.(-;"-("r+(-n" b"8V?0.,&#&3"$*,&"gL(2*/2n"M3:*+1'("2+"x-,(*+J6"!jR$h?" b"d$>3'#'3&01,$#!"#;,.10%."&#:&1%$,+"&"gL(2*/2n"F(&("a7'+&/76"!jR[h?"F71'*+*(&"+&"(4'7*("2+"-(" -+'*(">"-("3I&/.("2+"+&'(&".73:7&/./71+&?" b" :.*+"# '0&# '3+%&" gL(2*/2n" M3:*+1'(" 2+" B1'71/7" x-,(*+J6" !jR`h?" F7-+../01" 2+" 7.8+1'(" >" '*+&" #S" "


:7+3(&6"2+".4>7"'717">".71'+1/27"2(")4+1("/2+("+-"&4)'E'4-7"94+"-7&"+1.()+J(n"pa+"3/"87D(*">"2+" 3/",/2(p?" b" )%',.1"# !"&1+09*05%# !"# $,# )%'"+C,# ,.3,$# ,$# <,.*3,+0%# !"# $,# A0+?".# !"# $,# ;,>"F," gL(2*/2n" M3:*+1'(" 2+" B1'71/7" x-,(*+J6" !jRjh?" %&" 41(" -(*D(" .73:7&/./016" *+.7D/2(" +1" 3;&" 2+" .4(*+1'(" :;D/1(&6"94+".73/+1J(":7*"+-",+*&7"p8,+,#?$%+0,#!"#*3#.%'>+"NNNp?" b"60&#!0&*+,110%."&#`9%"&C,&a"gL(2*/2n"M3:*+1'("2+"B1'71/7"x-,(*+J6"!j!Rh?"F7-+../01"2+"17,+1'(">" 41":7+3(&?" b" D# *+,5E&# !"# '0&# $".*"&" gL(2*/2n" M3:*+1'(" 2+" -(" V/42(" 2+" B?" x-,(*+J6" !j!!h?" @+" '*('(" 2+" 41(" *+.7:/-(./01"2+"+&.*/'7&"+1",+*&7">":*7&(?" b" @,# ;+3F# )%G,# :&9,J%$," gL(2*/2n" M3:*+1'(" 2+" -(" V/42(" 2+" B?" x-,(*+J6" !j!Sh?" %&" 41" C7--+'7" 2+" 94/1.+":;D/1(&6"+1"+-"94+"L(*E("2+-"W/-(*"F71'*+*(&"*+.7D/0"b&+DI1"*+J("+-"&4)'E'4-7b"&4&"p9%"&C,&# 9+"'0,!,&# ".# "$# ;"+*,'".# ;0".*C/01%f@0*"+,+0%(# %+?,.0F,!%# 9%+# $,# ;%'0&0P.# Q"9,+*,'".*,$# !"# $,# ;+3F#)%G,#!"#;,+*,?".,#B#1"$">+,!%#".#!01=,#103!,!#"$#gh#!"#,?%&*%#!"#gigjp?" B2+3;&6" :4)-/.0" 41" -/)*7" '/'4-(27" k'9+"&0%."&# !"$# 5"+,."%# ".# :$# :&1%+0,$N# [09%&(# 1%&*3'>+"&# B# 9,0&,G"&"gL(2*/2n"B1'71/7"x-,(*+J6"!j#Rh?" "#$%#&'()*+)! 8'':nookkk?8/&'7*/(345+*+&?.73" 8'':nookkk?5(+1?+&o&7./+2(2o5/+11+1&+&b2+&'(.(27&o-/'+*('4*(b843(1/2(2+&o3(*/(b2+-b:/-(*b .71'*+*(&b>b(-)(?8'3-" " " " " " " " " #`" "


MERCEDES FORMICA B)7D(2(">"+&.*/'7*(6"("L+*.+2+&"P7*3/.("-+"'7.0",/,/*6".737"("34.8(&"94+":+*'+1+.+1"("14+&'*(" 8/&'7*/(" 3;&" /13+2/('(6" 41" :+*/727" ./+*'(3+1'+" ,(*/()-+" >" .71,4-&7" 2+-" 2+,+1/*" :7-E'/.76" 94+" /1.-4>+" 27&" 2/.'(24*(&6" 3+2/(2(&" :7*" 41(" *+:I)-/.(" >" 41(" D4+**(" ./,/-6" (1'+&" 2+" 2+&+3)7.(*" +1" 14+&'*("(.'4(-"2+37.*(./(?"" L45+*" 2+" /1242()-+&" /194/+'42+&" &7./(-+&6" +&:+./(-3+1'+" :(*(" 3+57*(*" -(&" .712/./71+&" 54*E2/.(&" 2+"-(&"345+*+&"+&:(G7-(&6"3+*+.+"41"*+.717./3/+1'7"3;&"(--;"2+"&4":(&(27?"d(./2("+1"F;2/J"+1" !j!$6" 2+1'*7" 2+" 41(" C(3/-/(" (.7372(2(6" &/+127" -(" &+D412(" 8/5(" 2+" 41" '7'(-" 2+" &+/&" 8+*3(17&6" ,/,/0"+1"+&'("./42(2"8(&'("-("+2(2"2+"&/+'+"(G7&6":+*/727"94+"*+-('("+1"+-":*/3+*",7-43+1"2+"&4" '*/-7DE(" (4'7)/7D*;C/.(" '/'4-(2(" @,# 0./,.10,?" L;&" '(*2+6" +-" :+*/727" 2+" 54,+1'42" >" C7*3(./01" .7/1./2+1" .71" -(" *+&/2+1./(" C(3/-/(*" +1" -(" .(:/'(-" 8/&:(-+1&+6" 2712+" D*(./(&" (-" +3:+G7" 2+" &4" 3(2*+6" +&'42/(" )(.8/--+*('7" >" :*+:(*(" +-" (..+&7" (" -(" Z1/,+*&/2(2" +1" !j$!6" /1D*+&(127" +1" -(" P(.4-'(2"2+"a+*+.876"2712+"+1'*("+1".71'(.'7".71":*7C+&7*(27"C7*3(27"+1"-("M1&'/'4./01"]/)*+"2+" %1&+G(1J(?"@/+127"-("I1/.("345+*"/1&.*/'("+1"&4&"(4-(&6"'+1E("94+"(.42/*"(".-(&+"(.73:(G(2("2+" 41("+&:+./+"2+"14*&+":(*("&7-,+1'(*"-7&":*+54/./7&"&7./(-+&?"" %-" .(3)/7" +1" +-" +&'('4&" C(3/-/(*" +1" +-" 94+" 8()E(" ,/,/27" 8(&'(" +1'71.+&6" '*(&" +-" 2/,7*./7" +1'*+" &4" :(2*+">"&4"3(2*+"+1"!j$$6"+&"41"2('7"34>"("'+1+*"+1".4+1'(":(*("+1'+12+*"&4":7&'+*/7*"/1'+*A&" :7*"-("&4+*'+"2+"-(&"345+*+&"&+:(*(2(&?"@4"'*(&-(27"("L(2*/2"-+"7C*+.+"41"+&.+1(*/7":*/,/-+D/(27" :(*("7)&+*,(*"-(&"-4.8(&":(*'/2/&'(&"94+",/,+"-("r+:I)-/.(">"2+./2+"(C/-/(*&+"("-("P(-(1D+"%&:(G7-(6" 2+&2+" -7&" 373+1'7&" C412(./71(-+&" 2+" -(" 3/&3(?" W*71'7" +&" 173)*(2(" a+-+D(2(" 2+-" @%Z" +1" -(" P(.4-'(2"2+"a+*+.87">6"+1"!j$S6"a+-+D(2("d(./71(-"2+-"3/&376":(&(127"("7.4:(*"41":4+&'7"+1"-(" O41'(":7-E'/.("2+-":(*'/27?"" P/1(-/J(2(" -(" H4+**(" F/,/-6" +1" !j$j6" &+" .(&(" .71" %24(*27" ]-7&+1'" >" L(*(G016" +2/'7*" 2+" ,(*/(&" *+,/&'(&"+1"@+,/--(6">",4+-,+"(",/,/*"7'*(",+J"("L(2*/26"2712+"+-"3('*/371/7"+1'*("+1".71'(.'7".71" -7&"+&.*/'7*+&6":/1'7*+&">"2*(3('4*D7&"2+"-(":7&D4+**(?"" %1" !jN[" +2/'(" +1" -(" *+,/&'(" %&.7*/(-" &4" :*/3+*(" 17,+-(6" -%!%R3"6" .4>(" '*(3(" :*/1./:(-" D/*(" +1" '7*17" (" 41" .(&7" 2+" &+:(*(./01" 3('*/371/(-?" B:*7,+.8(" +&'7&" (G7&" :(*(" (.()(*" &4" .(**+*(" /1'+**43:/2(" :7*" -(" D4+**(" >" &+" '7:(" .71" -(&" 2/C/.4-'(2+&" /3:4+&'(&" (-" +5+*././7" :*7C+&/71(-" C+3+1/176"17":42/+127"/1D*+&(*"+1"+-".4+*:7"2/:-73;'/.76"I1/.(3+1'+"()/+*'7"("-7&"873)*+&?"" a+./2/06" C/1(-3+1'+6" &+*" 41(" 2+" -(&" '*+&" 345+*+&" 94+" +5+*.E(1" -(" ()7D(.E(" +1" L(2*/26" .73:(D/1(127" &4" '*()(57" .71" -(" ,7.(./01" -/'+*(*/(?" B" .73/+1J7&" 2+" -(" 2A.(2(" 2+" -7&" ./1.4+1'(6" W/-(*"W*/37"2+"r/,+*("-+"+1.(*D("-("*+(-/J(./01"2+"41(":71+1./("&7)*+"テ云("345+*"+1"-(&":*7C+&/71+&" #T" "


-/)+*(-+&Ñ" :(*(" :*+&+1'(*-(" +1" +-" M" F71D*+&7" P+3+1/17" =/&:(17(3+*/.(17" P/-/:/17" 94+" 2+)E(" .+-+)*(*&+"+1"!j[!?"L+*.+2+&6"541'7"("41"D*4:7"2+"41/,+*&/'(*/(&6"+-()7*("41"'+<'7"+1"+-"94+"&+" *+/,/12/.(6" &/1" 1/1DI1" '/:7" 2+" .7*'(:/&(&6" -(" /1.7*:7*(./01" 2+" -(&" 345+*+&" (-" 34127" -()7*(-?" @4" &7*:*+&(" C4+" 3(>I&.4-(" .4(127" -7&" 7*D(1/J(27*+&" -+" *+'/*(*71" -(" :71+1./(" '(.8;127-(" 2+" ÉC+3/1/&'(Ñ?"Y+12*E("94+":(&(*"41("2A.(2(":(*("94+"+-"*AD/3+1"*+.717./+*("-7&"3;&"+-+3+1'(-+&" 2+*+.87&":*7C+&/71(-+&">"-()7*(-+&"2+"-(&"+&:(G7-(&?"" @71"(G7&"2+"/1'+1&(".7-()7*(./01"+1"-(":*+1&(?"a/*/D+"-("*+,/&'("2+"-("@+../01"P+3+1/1("L+2/1(">" +1"!j[#".73/+1J("("C/*3(*"(*'E.4-7&"+1"+-"2/(*/7"BXF?"%-"`"2+"17,/+3)*+"2+"!j[$6"'*(&"'*+&"3+&+&" 2+"8()+*"&/27"*+'+1/27":7*"-(".+1&4*(6"+&.*/)+"&4"(*'E.4-7"É%-"273/./-/7".71>4D(-Ñ6"94+"'+12*E("-(" :(*'/.4-(*/2(2"2+"2+&('(*"41("/1'+1&(":7-A3/.("+1"'7*17"-("&/'4(./01"2+"-(&"345+*+&"&+:(*(2(&?"@4" (*'E.4-7"C4+"+-":41'7"2+":(*'/2(":(*(".*+(*"41"2+)('+"+1"+-"94+"2+C+12+*E(".(3)/7&"&4&'(1./(-+&" +1" +-" 2+*+.87" 2+" C(3/-/(" ,/D+1'+6" +1.(3/1(27&" (" 3+57*(*" -(" &/'4(./01" 54*E2/.(" 2+" -(" 345+*?" W(*(-+-(3+1'+6" &4" 17,+-(" D# 0.&*,.10,&# !"# 9,+*"6" :4)-/.(2(" +1" !j[[" 2+5()(" ,+*" &4" :*+7.4:(./01" .737"345+*">"()7D(2("(-"'*('(*"&4"'*(3("&7)*+"+-"27)-+"*(&+*7".71"94+"&+"3+2E(1"-7&".(&7&"2+" (24-'+*/7"+1'*+"873)*+&">"345+*+&?"]("2/3+1&/01"2+"&4".(3:(G("C4+"1(./71(-"+"/1'+*1(./71(-">" '+12*E(".737".7-7C01"41"'E3/27"(54&'+"+1"-("*+C7*3("2+"!j[T6"+1"-("94+"&+"/1'*724.E("+-".71.+:'7" +1" ,/*'42" 2+-" .4(-" 94/+1" &+" .71&/2+*(*(" .01>4D+" /17.+1'+6" 17" &+" ,+E(" +1" -(" 7)-/D(./01" 2+" ()(1271(*"+-"273/./-/7".71>4D(-?" F(*3+1"2+"X4*D7&"+&.*/)/0"41("17,+-("+1"!j#!6":$#,+*C13$%#KLM6":(*("2+141./(*"+&("/D173/1/7&(" 2/&:7&/./016" >" L+*.+2+&" P7*3/.(6" '*+/1'(" (G7&" 2+&:4A&6" .71&/D4/0" 94+" +1" -7&" '+<'7&" 54*E2/.7&" +1" -4D(*"2+"e.(&("2+-"3(*/27f"(:(*+./+*("e273/./-/7".71>4D(-f6">"(&E"2/&3/14/*"+-":72+*"()&7-4'7"2+-" 3(*/27">"+,/'(*"94+6"+1".(&7"2+"&+:(*(./016"-("345+*"C4+&+"94/+1"'+1E("94+"()(1271(*"+-"87D(*" .73I1?" L+*.+2+&" P7*3/.(" .71'*(+" &+D412(&" 14:./(&" +1" !jS#" .71" +-" /124&'*/(-" O7&A" L(*E(" F(*+(D(" >" Z*94/57?"%1"-7&"I-'/37&"(G7&"2+-"C*(194/&37"&/D4+"&4",7.(./01"2+"8/&'7*/(27*(")/7D*(C/(127"("B1(" 2+"O+&I&">"L(*E("2+"L+127J(6"8/5(">"(3(1'+6"*+&:+.'/,(3+1'+6"2+"a71"O4(1"2+"B4&'*/(?"" P(--+./27"&4"3(*/27"("3+2/(27&"2+"-7&"7.8+1'(6"&+"2+2/.("("+&.*/)/*"&4&"3+37*/(&"2+"-(&"94+"+&';1" :4)-/.(2(&n" @,# 0./,.10,6" A0&*%# B# A050!%" g!j$!b!j$`h" >" :&131=%# "$# &0$".10%6" >" 41" I-'/37" '737" 94+" --+,(*E("+-"'E'4-7"2+":&9"G%&#+%*%&#B#"&9"G3"$%&?"Y(3)/A16"+1"!jTj"&(-+"("-("-4J"&4"17,+-(";%$$,+#!"# V'>,+?"" r7&(*/7"r4/J"P*(1.7"94+"-("8(")/7D*(C/(27">"8("'+1/27"-("7:7*'41/2(2"2+"+1'*+,/&'(*-(6"*+.7D+"94+" L+*.+2+&"P7*3/.("&+"8(",/&'7"("&E"3/&3(".737"41("É,7J"+1"+-"&/-+1./7Ñ6".737"41("2+"-(&":7.(&" 345+*+&" 94+" 7&(*71" (-J(*" -(" ,7J" C*+1'+" (" -(&" 2/&.*/3/1(./71+&" +5+*./2(&" .71'*(" +--(&" :7*" +-" C*(194/&37?" %1" +&'+" &+1'/276" -(" -(*D(" '*(,+&E(" 2+-" 2+&/+*'7" 94+" *+:*+&+1'(1" -7&" -(*D7&" (G7&" 2+" 2/.'(24*(6"&+"8(.+1"3+17&":+17&7&"+1"&4"*+.7**/27"&/"('+12+37&"(-"'+&'/371/7"2+"345+*+&".737" +--(" 94+6" 2+1'*7" 2+" 41" .71'+<'7" :7-E'/.7" 87&'/-6" 2+C+12/+*71" .71" (42(./(" >" */+&D7" :+*&71(-" #j" "


*+C7*3(&"94+"87>"+1"2E("&71"41("*+(-/2(2?"" "#$%#&'()*+),!! rZM_"PrBdFK6"r?6"L+*.+2+&"P7*3/.("g!j!Sbh6"L(2*/26"%2/./71+&"2+-"K*'76"X/)-/7'+.("2+"L45+*+&6" !jj`?" rKMH" FB@Y%]]BdK@6" L?6" ](" 345+*" +1" -(" =/&'7*/(" (" '*(,A&" 2+" -(" :*+1&(n" P*(1./(6" M'(-/(" >" %&:(G(6" @/D-7&" UVMMUU6" L(2*/26" L/1/&'+*/7" 2+" F4-'4*(6" !jT#6" :?" NRj?" "H-7*/(" %&:/D(27" Y7./17?" Z1/,+*&/2(2"2+"F;2/J?" 8'':noo-4/&(1'71/72+,/--+1(?+&ok+)o(*'/.4-7&o3+*.+2+&bC7*3/.(b2(3(b7&.4*(o" " " " " " " " " " " " " " " "

$R" "


" " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " "

$!" "


MARÍA ROSA DE GÁLVEZ Y RAMÍREZ DE VELASCO d(./2(" +1" !?`ST" :(*+.+" &+*" 94+" +1" r712(" 2712+" :(&0" &4&" :*/3+*7&" (G7&" 2+" ,/2(?" P(--+./2(" +1" !?TRS"+1"L(2*/2?" P4+"(27:'(2(":7*"B1'71/7"2+"H;-,+J">"H(--(*27">"&4"+&:7&(6">6"-("2/&.*+./01"94+"*72+0"2+&2+"+-" :*/3+*"373+1'7"+&'("(27:./01"8(.+"&4:71+*"94+"L(*E("r7&("C4+*("8/5("1('4*(-"2+"&4":(2*+?"](" C(3/-/("2+"-7&"H;-,+J"2+"L(.8(*(,/(>("+*(6">"&/D4+"&/+1276"41("2+"-(&"C(3/-/(&"3;&"/-4&'*+&"2+"-(" :*7,/1./(" 2+" L;-(D(" >" +1" -7&" (G7&" :*+.+2+1'+&" (-" 1(./3/+1'7" 2+" L(*E(" r7&(6" +1" (:+1(&" '*+/1'(" (G7&6":*7:7*./710"("%&:(G(">"-("F7*71(6"873)*+&"'(1"/-4&'*+&"+"/1C-4>+1'+&"+1'*+"-7&"94+".()+1" 2+&'(.(*6" 27&" V/**+>+&" 2+" d4+,(" %&:(G(6" 41" L/1/&'*7" 2+" M12/(&6" 41" B&+&7*" 2+" -(" F(&(" r+(-" >" 3/1/&'*7"2+-"F71&+57"2+"H4+**(6"41"H7)+*1(27*"2+"LA</.76",(*/7&"3/-/'(*+&"2+"(-'("D*(24(./01">" 2/C+*+1'+&" 'E'4-7&" 17)/-/(*/7&6" (-D417&" .71.+2/27&" :7*" F(*-7&" MMM" .737" *+.73:+1&(" (" -(&" D+&'(&" (" C(,7*"2+"-("F7*71(6"+1'*+"-7&"94+"&+":4+2+1"2+&'(.(*"-7&".71.+2/27&"("X+*1(*27"2+"H;-,+J6":*/37" 2+"L(*E("r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`Tj" .71'*(+" 3('*/371/7" .71" 41" :*/37" &4>76" O7&A" 2+" F()*+*(" >" r(3E*+J6" '(3)/A1" 2+" L(.8(*(,/(>(6"(4194+"2+"3+17*":72+*">":*+&'/D/7"94+"-7&"H;-,+J6">"+-"3('*/371/7"&+"'*(&-(2("(" ,/,/*" (" L;-(D(6" 2712+" +-" 3(*/27" 94+" 8()E(" ()(1271(27" &4" .(*D7" +1" +-" +5A*./'76" &+" 2+2/.(" (" (23/1/&'*(*"-7&")/+1+&"94+"8()E("*+./)/27"L(*E("r7&(".737"27'+6">"-7&"94+"8+*+20"("-("34+*'+"2+" &4":(2*+"+1"!?`j#?" %1"+&'("A:7.(6"(4194+"(I1"17"8()E("L(*E("r7&(":4)-/.(27"1(2(6"&E"94+"'+1E("41("D*(1"(.'/,/2(2" +&.*/)/+1276"&7)*+"'727":7+&E(6"(.'/,/2(2"94+"8("2+"/1'+**43:/*"C*+.4+1'+3+1'+":(*("('+12+*"-7&" :-+/'7&"&4*D/27&".737".71&+.4+1./("2+"-(&"143+*7&(&"2+42(&"2+"54+D7".71'*(E2(&":7*"+-"+&:7&76" 94+" 3+*3(1" &+1&/)-+3+1'+" +-" :('*/371/7" C(3/-/(*6" >" 7'*(&" .*+(2(&" :7*" -(&" 2+&(,+1+1./(&" 2+" -(" :(*+5(6" .71" ,(*/(&" *4:'4*(&" >" :7&'+*/7*+&" *+.71./-/(./71+&?" %1" !?`j$" 1(.+" -(" I1/.(" 8/5(" 2+-" $#" "


3('*/371/7"94+"34+*+"("+2(2"34>"'+3:*(1(?" %1"!?`jS6"'*(&"41("+1A&/3("*+.71./-/(./016">"94/J;"84>+127"2+"-(&"34.8(&"2+42(&"2+-"3(*/276"&+" '*(&-(2(1"(",/,/*"("F;2/J6"2712+"L(*E("r7&(".71&+*,()("(-D41(&":*7:/+2(2+&?" F(1&(2("2+"41("&/'4(./01"&/1",/&7&"2+"&7-4./016"L(*E("r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kkk?.+*,(1'+&,/*'4(-?.73o:7*'(-+&o3(*/(v*7&(v2+vD(-,+Jo""""kkk?:7+'(&(12(-4.+&?.73" " " " " " " " " " " " " " $$" "


ALEJANDRINA AURORA GESSLER d(./0"+1""F;2/J"+1"!T$#6""("3+2/(27&"2+-"&/D-7"UMU?"=/5("2+"B-+5(12*7"H+&&-+*6".01&4-"2+"r4&/("+1" F;2/J6"+3:(*+1'(27".71"-("C(3/-/("*+(-"2+"&4":(E&?"%1"F;2/J"*+&/2/0",(*/7&"(G7&?"Y*(&"&4"C7*3(./01" +1" -(" B.(2+3/(" 2+" X+--(&" B*'+&" 2+" F;2/J6" *+.7**/0" -(&" D*(12+&" ./42(2+&" 2+" %4*7:(6" :(*(" ,+*" >" +&'42/(*"(*'+?" %1" %&:(G(" :/1'0" +-" '+.87" 2+-" B'+1+7" 2+" L(2*/2" +1.(*D(27" :7*" +-" :*+&/2+1'+" 2+" +&+" 373+1'76" B1'71/7" F;17,(&" 2+-" F(&'/--76" B.(2A3/.7" 2+" 8717*" 2+" -(&" X+--(&" B*'+&" 2+" F;2/J?" a710" (" +&'(" /1&'/'4./01""+1"!T`T6"-("eB27*(./01"2+"-("F*4Jf?"%-"*+'*('7"*+.7D+"+-"373+1'7"+1"94+"41("&+G7*(6" '72(" +1-4'(2(6" *72+(2(" 2+" 3;&" :+*&71(&6" )+&(" -(" .*4J" +1" +-" :*+&)/'+*/7" 2+" 41(" /D-+&/(?" FA&(*" W+3;16"+1"+-".(';-7D7"2+-"L4&+76".73+1'("94+"-("&+G7*("+1-4'(2(":(*+.E("-("r+/1("a7G("L(*E(" F*/&'/1(6" .71" &4" 8/5(" -(" /1C(1'(" a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`6"3+1./01"2+"8717*"+1"-("+<:7&/./01"Z1/,+*&(-"2+"W(*/&" +1" !TTj6" '(3)/A1" -(" +<.+-+1'+" .*E'/.(6" +1" -(" +<:7&/./01" 1(./71(-" 2+" X+--(&" B*'+&6" +1" !TjR?" a/.8(" .*E'/.("C4+".73+1'(2(":7*"O(./1'7"K.'(,/7"W/.016":(*("e%-"M3:(*./(-f?"%1"+-"3/&37"(G76"-("*+-(./01" 94+"'+1E(".71"+-"B'+1+7"2+"L(2*/26"&+"8/J7"+C+.'/,(".71"-("271(./01"2+"&4"7)*("'/'4-(2("^3.%6"94+" &+"4)/.0"+1"-("&(-("2+"-("F(.8(**+*E(?"Y(3)/A1"*+(-/J0":(*("2/.8("@(-(6"-7&"-/+1J7&"94+"2+.7*(*71" -7&"'+.87&6":7*"-7"94+"-+",(-/0"&+*"173)*(2("@7./("=717*(*/7"2+"-("F(&(6"+1"!Tj!?" @+" .(&0" .71" F8(*-+&" ](.*7/<6" 2+&'(.(27" 2/*/D+1'+" 2+-" :(*'/27" )71(:(*'/&'(6" .71" +-" .4(-" &/D4/0" --+,(127"&4"C7*3("2+"&+*"+3:*+12+27*(">".7&37:7-/'(?"V/,/0".(&/"'72("&4",/2("+1"W(*E&?"@/+3:*+" '4,7":*+&+1'+"&4"F;2/J?"%-":&+4201/37"(*'E&'/.7"2+"B-+5(12*/1("+*("eL(2(3+"B1&+-3(f?"F4(127" &+".71&'*4>0"+-"H*(1"Y+('*7"2+"-(":-(J("2+"P*(D+-(6"B-+5(12*/1("&+"+1'+*06":7*"&4"/3:-/.(./01".71" +&'("./42(26":4+&"141.("2+50"2+"'+1+*"*+-(./71+&":7*"-(":7.("2/&:71/)/-/2(2"2+"3+2/7&"+1"F;2/J6" :(*(" -(" '+*3/1(./01" 2+-" F7-/&+7" >" -+" 3(120" (-" (-.(-2+" %1*/94+" aE(J" r7.(C4--6" 41" +&.*/'7" .71" 41" )7.+'76" 7C*+./A127&+" (" :/1'(*" +-" '+.87?" d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jR`" +1" W(*E&6" &+" :4)-/.0" 41" .4*/7&7" -/)*7" 2+" 3+37*/(&6".4>7"'E'4-7"C4+")"13"+!%&#!"#;V!0F#B#83"+*%#)",$("+1"+-".4(-".4+1'("-(",/2("2+"-("./42(26"" ("3+2/(27&"2+-"&/D-7"UMU?" $N" "


" "#$%#&'()*+),! 8'':nookkk?2/(*/72+.(2/J?+&o(*'/.-+o7./7o!ST$[``o3(2(3+o(1&+-3(o+&:E*/'4o.7&37:7-/'(?8'3-" 8'':&nookkk?('+1+72+3(2*/2?.73o/12+<?:8:o+&-o%-bB'+1+7od7'/./(&oO417b:7*bL(2(3+b B1&+-3("" 8'':nookkk?D+1'+2+.(2/J?.73os:tNT$S" 8'':noo345+*+3:*+12+27*(?1+'o#R!$oRjoR#o41(b:/1'7*(bD(2/'(1(b.71b41b.(*(.'+*b.7&37:7-/'(o" ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !

$[" "


ENRIQUETA GUIJO TERNERO F+*(3/&'(" 1(./2(" +1" @+,/--(" +1" !Tjj6" 8/5(" 2+-" '(3)/A1" (.*+2/'(27" .+*(3/&'(" %1*/94+" H4/57" d(,(**76"+1".4>7"'(--+*">")(57"&4"2/*+../016"(:*+12/0"+-"(*'+"2+"-(".+*;3/.(">"+-"2/)4576":(*("+-"94+" +&'()(" +<.+:./71(-3+1'+" 27'(2(?" =/J7" &4&" :*/3+*7&" 7C/./7&" .71" &4" :(2*+6" .73:-+';127-7&" :7&'+*/7*3+1'+"+1"-("%&.4+-("KC/./(-"2+"F+*;3/.("2+"L(2*/2?"a+&:+*'(2("+1"+--("2+&2+"34>"57,+1" -(" (C/./01" :7*" -(&" (*'+&6" +&'42/(*E(" -(" '+7*E(" >" :*;.'/.(" 2+" -(&" (*'+&" /124&'*/(-+&" +&:(G7-(&" :(*(" -7" 94+" 2+37&'*0" 41(&" .4(-/2(2+&" +<'*(7*2/1(*/(&?" r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

$S" "


" "#$%#&'()*+),! >>>?(/7)$%&6/()3#6&?./7! %1./.-7:+2/("2+"B12(-4.E(?"%2/'?"B1+-"Y737"MV"6"!j`j"" " ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !

$`" "


AMPARO LÓPEZ DEL BAÑ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r7&(6"}4/1'(1(6"B>(-(6"_7**/--(">"B-(*.01?" d(./2(" +1" +-" :*/3+*" '+*./7" 2+-" &/D-7" UMU6" +1" !TRR6" B3:(*7" &()E(" 94+" &4&" :7+3(&" 17" &+*E(1" .73:*+12/27&":7*"&4&".71'+3:7*;1+7&6"17"&7-7":7*"-(".+1&4*("("-("94+"-("&73+'+*E("-("&7./+2(2" 2+"&4"'/+3:7":7*"&+*"p:7+'/&(p6"&/17"'(3)/A1">"34.87"3;&":*7)()-+3+1'+":7*94+"&()E("94+"-(" +<:*+&/01" &/1.+*(" >" ()/+*'(" 2+" &4&" &+1'/3/+1'7&" (37*7&7&" 17" &+" +1.71'*()(" 2+1'*7" 2+" -(&" +&'*/.'(&"C7*3(&"94+"-("&7./+2(2"3(*.()(":(*("41("345+*?" B2+-(1'(*&+"("&4"'/+3:7"'+12*E("41".7&'+"3(>7*"2+-"94+"+--(":72E("7"94+*E(":(D(*">":7*"+--7"&+" .+1&4*0">"17":+*3/'/0"94+"&4"7)*(",/+*("-("-4J"8(&'("2+&:4A&"2+"&4"34+*'+"g!Tj!h?"](":4)-/.(./01" &+" -(" 2+50" +1.(*D(2(" (" a?" @(1'/(D7" ]0:+J" L7*+17" 94+" +1" !Tj#" &+" 7.4:0" 2+" -(" :*+:(*(./01" 2+-" ,7-43+1">"2+-":*0-7D7"94+"+1"A-"2()("17'/./("2+"-("(4'7*(">"'*('()("2+"+<:-/.(*"+-"37'/,7":7*"+-" 94+"17"94/&7"94+"-7&":7+3(&"+1"-7&"94+"+<:71E("-7&"2+&+7&"2+"&4"(-3("+&'4,/+*(1"(-"(-.(1.+"2+-" :I)-/.7?" " ea/CE./-3+1'+" :4+2+" :/1'(*&+" .71" 3;&" &+1./--+J6" .71" 3;&" ,+*2(26" .71" 3;&" ,/,7&" .7-7*+&" -7" 94+" 8(.+" C(-'(" (" 41(" 345+*" (3(1'+6" 94+" 17" 8(" *+(-/J(27" 141.(" &4" (37*" +1" +&'+" 34127^" 41" (-3(Ä" W+*7" .737" :7*" (94E" 17" (12(1" -(&" (-3(&" &/1" -(" +1,7-'4*(" .7*:7*(-" 94/+1" :+2E(" 41" (-3(" :+2E(" '(3)/A1"41".4+*:76">".737"+&"&()/27"94+"+1"+-"(37*"17"/3:+*("-("-+>"2+"-7&"&+3+5(1'+&"&/+127" .7&("17'7*/("94+"-("7:7&/./01"2+"-7&".71'*(*/7&":*724.+"-("(*371E(6")/+1"&+"*+C-+5("+1"'(1"&+1'/27" $T" "


-(3+1'7" +-" ,(.E7" /1&4&'/'4/)-+" 2+-" (37*" 843(17" 94+" +1" &4" (-3(" &+1'E(f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gF7)7&6" !j!`h?"" " ](" ,/2(" 2+" +&'(" (4'7*(" :+*3(1+./0" +1" +-" 7-,/27" 8(&'(" !j!`6" C+.8(" +1" -(" 94+" B3(1'/1(" F7)7&" :*+:(*0" +&'+" ,7-43+1" (.+*.(" 2+" &+,/--(1(&" /-4&'*+&" :*7-7D(27" :7*" a?" @(1'/(D7" L71'7'7" 94+" &+" *+C/*/0" )*+,+3+1'+" (" (-D41(&" 2+" +--(&?" F71.*+'(3+1'+" 2+" -(" (4'7*(" 2+" W7+&E(&" g!Tj#h" 2+.E(n" pB3:(*7" 2+-" X(G76" /D17*(2(" +1" ,/2(" >" D-7*/C/.(2(" +1" 34+*'+6" (94+5(2(" 2+-" 3(-" 2+" -(" 242(6" +&+" D4&(17" *7+27*" 94+" &+" 8(--(" +1" +-" C7127" 2+" '727" .717./3/+1'7" 843(17p" gF7)7&6" !Tj#h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

$j" "


Obras Texto Representativo B\"a%"LwĂ&#x201E;" # bI3E#&0#="#,',!%#!"1C&c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n" bDB#!"#$,#%&,!,#R3"#0.*".*"(## &%J,.!%#"&9"+,.F,&#$%1,&(# 1%.#&3#9$,.*,#!"$01,!,# =%$$,+#$,#&".!,#"&1,>+%&,(# R3"#>+0.!,#,#$,#50&*,#/$%+"&# B#,>+%G%&#*,.#&%$%#>+%*,(# 1%.#$,&#$V?+0',&#+"?,!,# !"#*%!,&#$,&#R3"#".#',$#=%+,# &3&#90"&#".#"$$,#0'9+0'0"+%.(# B#".*+"#*%+'".*%&(#R3"#,?%*,.## "$#&3/+0'0".*%#"&90+,+%.# ,>,.!%.,!,&#B#&%$,&(# ',$!010".!%#".#&3#,?%.C,## "&,&#9,$',&#0++0&%+0,&(# R3"#".#1,'>0%#!"#$,#5".*3+,# $"&#>+0.!,#"$#'3.!%#9%+#'%/,c#`@P9"F#!"$#-,J%(#gMilU#LiaN" NR" "


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n# # b<3"J%&#!"#,'%+#B#9%"&C,c# bk$3&0%."&#&"!31*%+,&## !"#'0&#,J%&#0./,.*0$"&c## Q3$1"&#B#5,?,&#'"'%+0,&(## b!"#3.#'3.!%#R3"#.%#=,#"T0&*0!%## 'V&#R3"#,R3C#".#'0#'".*"#$%1,c# # <%&*"."!'"#".#53"&*+%&#>+,F%&(## &"'>+,!#'0#$"1=%#!"#+%&,&m## >%++,!#*%!%&#'0&#+"13"+!%&NNN# =,1"!#R3"#$,&#!01=,&#*%!,&## ,#$,#$3F#!"#$,#"&9"+,.F,(## =,$,?3".#'0#H$*0',#=%+,N# D++,.1,!#"$#!,+!%#,?3!%## R3"#'0#1%+,FP.#!"&*+%F,NNN## B#".#"$#&".%#!"#$,#'3"+*"(## !%.!"#$,#"*"+.,#9,F#'%+,(## b,Bc#+"1$0.,!#'0#1,>"F,(## R3"#$,#!"&5".*3+,#,?%>0,NNN# `@P9"F#!"$#-,J%(#gMilU#LiaN# ! "#$%#&'()*+),!! 8'':nookkk?&(154(12+(J1(-C(*(.8+?1+'o)/7D*(C/(&o(3:(*7-7:+J?8'3" 8'':nookkk?3.1)/7D*(C/(?.73" " N!" "


TRINIDAD NAVARRO CARRILLO, LA TRINI P4+"41(".(1'(7*(":(>("3;&".717./2(".71"+-"173)*+"(*'E&'/.7"2+"@)!A(#.#6"1(./2("+1"L;-(D("+1"+-" (G7" !TST" >" 34+*'(" +1" &4" 3/&3(" -7.(-/2(2" (--;" :7*" +-" (G7" !j$R?" P/D4*(" 2+&'(.(2E&/3(" 2+" &4" '/+3:76" +&" 41(" 2+" -(&" .(1'(7*(&" 3;&" C(37&(&" 2+" -(" 8/&'7*/(?" d7" C4+" &0-7" 41(" +<.+:./71(-" /1'A*:*+'+"2+"3(-(D4+G(&6"&/17"'(3)/A1".*+(27*("2+",(*/(&"C7*3(&":+*&71(-+&"2+-"+&'/-76"94+"8(1" --+D(27"8(&'("87>">"&+"&/D4+1".(1'(127"34.87?" W+*'+1+.E(" (" 41(" 843/-2+" C(3/-/(6" >" 2+&2+" 34>" 57,+1" :7*" &4" :*72/D/7&(" ,7J6" '*/41C0" >" &+" 8/J7" .A-+)*+"17"&0-7"+1"L;-(D(6"&/17"+1"'72("B12(-4.E(6"'*()(5(127"+1"-7&":*/1./:(-+&".(CA&".(1'(1'+&?" Y4,7" 41(" ,/2(" *+:-+'(" 2+" &/1&()7*+&" g:+*2/0" 41" 757" +1" :-+1(" 54,+1'42" (-" :/1.8(*-+6" /1,7-41'(*/(3+1'+6"&4"(3(1'+".71"41("1(,(5(".4(127"-+"7C*+.E("41("(.+/'41(6">"-("Y*/1/6"(-"94+*+*" '73(*-(" .71" -7&" -()/7&" &+" :*+./:/'0" +1" ./+*'7" 3727" &7)*+" -(" :41'(" 2+" -(" 875(h" :(2+./+127" 143+*7&7&" (-'/)(57&" 2+" C7*'41(" 94+" 3(*.(*71" 17" &0-7" &4" ,/2(" &/17" 34.87&" 2+" &4&" (.'7&" :*7C+&/71(-+&?" a4*(1'+"(G7&"C4+":*7:/+'(*/("+1"]("F(-+'("gL;-(D(h"2+"41",+1'7**/--7"94+"--+,0"&4"173)*+">"+1"+-" 94+"&+".+-+)*(*71"3+37*()-+&"*+41/71+&"2+".(1'+?" a+" -(" ,/2(" 2+" Y*/1/2(2" d(,(**7" F(**/--7" &+" &()+" *+-('/,(3+1'+" :7.76" (" :+&(*" 2+" &+*" 41(" 2+" -(&" .(1'(7*(&"3;&"C(37&(&"2+"-("8/&'7*/("2+-"C-(3+1.7?"=(>"(-D417&"+&'42/7&")(&'(1'+"/1'+*+&(1'+&6" .737" +-" 94+" 17&" 7C*+.+" %4&+)/7" r/75(" :+*76" :7*" (87*(6" &71" )(&'(1'+&" -(&" p-(D41(&p" 94+" +1.71'*(37&"+1"&4")/7D*(CE(?! @+DI1" H71J(-7" r7576" ](" Y*/1/" 1(./0" +1" L;-(D(" +1" !TST6" +1" +-" &+17" 2+" 41(" C(3/-/(" 843/-2+" 2+-" +1'7*17" 2+" -(" W(**794/(" 2+" @(1" P+-/:+" d+*/?" F73+1J0" 34>" 57,+1" (" .(1'(*6" (.'4(127" +1" -7&" :4+)-7&" 2+" -(" :*7,/1./(" (1'+&" 2+" 2(*" +-" &(-'7" (" 7'*(&" -7.(-/2(2+&" 2+" B12(-4.E(?" =(>" '(3)/A1" 17'/./(&" 94+" C*+.4+1'0" -(&" ./42(2+&" 2+" @+,/--(" >" L(2*/2" &/+127" 34>" 57,+1" >" '+1/+127" )(&'(1'+" A</'7"(-'+*1(127".71".(1'(7*+&".737"W(.7"+-"H(124-?! P4+" 2/&.E:4-(" 2+-" D*(1" O4(1" X*+,(" >" (&/3/-0" +-" +&'/-7" 2+-" 3(+&'*7" &/+127" *+.717./2(" .737" /12/&.4'/)-+"+&'*+--("2+-".(1'+6":(*'/.4-(*3+1'+":7*"&4"*+.*+(./01"2+"-(&"3(-(D4+G(&?"" B94E"7C*+.+37&"41")*+,+":;**(C7"94+"2+&.*/)+"("-("Y*/1/":7*"417"2+"&4&".71'+3:7*;1+7&n"" p%&"41("345+*"2+"3+2/(1("+&'('4*(6".()+--7&"*4)/7&".71"*/J(27"1('4*(-^"*7&'*76"94+"&/1"&+*")+--76" :7&++" /12/&.4'/)-+" ('*(.'/,76" (.(&7" :7*" &4" :+94+G(" )7.(6" 1(*/J" -/D+*(3+1'+" *+&:/1D71(" >" 757&" 3+-(27&?"V/&'+".71"&+G(-(2("+-+D(1./(6".7&'7&7&",+&'/27&6"94+"&()+"--+,(*".71"-("2/&'/1./01"2+"41(" *+/1(?"@4".(*("2+"&4C*/3/+1'7">"+<'*+3(":(-/2+J6"8(.+1"(I1"3;&"/1'+*+&(1'+"&4"C/D4*(?"%&":+*&71(" )/+1" .717./2(" +1" L;-(D(?" @4" 173)*+6" Y*/1/6" >" &4" .*A2/'7" .737" e.(1'(7*(f" 2+" 3(-(D4+G(&6" +&" /12/&.4'/)-+p?" %1"!Tj`"&4:+*0"41("D*(,+"+1C+*3+2(2"D*(./(&"("41("7:+*(./01"94+"-+":*(.'/.0"+-"C(37&7"./*45(17" O7&A"H;-,+J"H/1(.8+*7"+1"+-"=7&:/'(-"F/,/-"2+"L;-(D(?"%&'+"+:/&72/7"2+"&4",/2("&E"8("&/27".717./27" N#" "


:7*"+&'42/7&":7&'+*/7*+&?" @4" 3(+&'*76" O4(1" X*+,(6" -+" 7*D(1/J0" 41" +&:+.';.4-7" 873+1(5+" +1" +-" Y+('*7" V/'(-" BJ(" 2+" L(2*/2" .71"+-"C/1"2+"*+.(42(*"C7127&":(*("-("(*'/&'(6"(".(4&("2+-"(-'7":*+./7"94+"'4,7"94+":(D(*"'*(&"&+*" 7:+*(2(" :7*" +-" 27.'7*" H;-,+J6" (-D7" 94+" -(" 2+50" .(&/" (**4/1(2(" +1" +&+" 373+1'7" 2+" &4" ,/2(?" @/1" +3)(*D7" :*71'7" *+.4:+*(*E(" &4" +.7173E(" .71" &4&" (.'4(./71+&" +1" 2/&'/1'7&" .(CA&" 3(-(D4+G7&6" .737"+-"C(37&7".(CA"2+"F8/1/'(&?" %1"-7&":*/3+*7&"(G7&"2+-"&/D-7"UU6"]("Y*/1/".(1'0"+1"-7&"3+57*+&".(CA&"&+,/--(17&6"+-"P/-(*301/.7">" d7,+2(2+&6"+1"-7&"94+".7&+.80"D*(12+&"A</'7&?"%1"!jR$"&+".(&0".71"MD1(./7"L(*7'76"41"/124&'*/(-" 1(./27"+1"V(-2+:+G(&"gF/42(2"r+(-h".71"94/+1"'4,7"41("8/5(6">"&+"+&'()-+./0"+1"]("F(-+'(6"2712+" +-"3('*/371/7"D+&'/710"41"C(37&7",+1'7**/--7"2712+"&+"7*D(1/J(*71"/3:*+&/71(1'+&"+&:+.';.4-7&" C-(3+1.7&6".717./27&"/1.-4&7"C4+*("2+"B12(-4.E(?" B-D417&"(G7&"2+&:4A&6">(",/42(6",/,/0"+1"-(".A1'*/.(".(--+"2+"F73+2/(&6"(.7D/+127"+1"&4"273/./-/7" ("7'*("(*'/&'("+<.+:./71(-6"W(&'7*("W(,016"]("d/G("2+"-7&"W+/1+&"g!TjRb!jSjh6".71&/2+*(2("41("2+" -(&"3;&"D*(12+&".(1'(7*(&"2+"'727&"-7&"'/+3:7&?" %1"!j!`6"&+"-+"8/J7"41"D*(1"873+1(5+"+1"+-"Y+('*7"d7,+2(2+&"2+"L;-(D(6"+1"+-"94+"/1'+*,/176">(" (1./(176" &4" 3(+&'*7" O4(1" X*+,(?" W(*+.+" 94+" +1" -7&" I-'/37&" (G7&" 2+" &4" ,/2(6" ](" Y*/1/" ()(12710" L;-(D(">"&+"/1&'(-0"+1"B1'+94+*(6"2712+"-("'*(2/./01"7*(-".4+1'("94+"*+D+1'0"41":*7&'E)4-7?"d7" &+" &()+" .4(127" 34*/06" (4194+" &+" .*++" 94+" C4+" (-*+2+27*" 2+" !j$R6" +1" B1'+94+*(" 7" 94/J;" +1" ](" ]E1+("2+"-("F71.+:./01?" P+*1(127"2+"Y*/(1("+&.*/)/0"+1"&4"-/)*7"D+*"#B#,+*0&*,&#/$,'".1%&"g!j$[h"94+"-("Y*/1/"pC4+"D-7*/("2+-" :4+)-7"3(-(D4+G7">"C/D4*("D/D(1'+&.("2+-".(1'+"(12(-4Jp?"" @+" -+" .71&/2+*(" .737" -(" 3+57*" /1'A*:*+'+" 2+" 3(-(D4+G(&" 2+" -(" 8/&'7*/(" >" 41(" 2+" -(&" 3+57*+&" .(1'(7*(&"2+"C-(3+1.7"94+"8(1"+</&'/27?" " " "#$%#&'()*+),!! kkk?+-(*'+2+,/,/*+-C-(3+1.7?.73" kkk?8/&'7*/(345+*+&?+&" 8'':noo)-7D&?+-.7**+7k+)?+&o-(D(J(:+*(o#RRjo!!o#jo17'/./(&b2+b-(b3/'/.(b'*/1/b2+b3(-(D(o" "

N$" "


FRASQUITA LARREA. FRANCISCA JAVIERA RUIZ DE LARREA Y AHERÁN " d(./2("+1"F;2/J"+-"#T"2+"2/./+3)*+"2+"!``[">"C(--+./2("+1"+-"W4+*'7"2+"@(1'("L(*E("+-"!N"2+" 17,/+3)*+"2+"!T$T?""" " Y*(24.'7*(">"+&.*/'7*(6"P*(1./&.("O(,/+*("r4/J"2+"](**+(">"B8+*;16".717./2(":7*"P*(&94/'("](**+(6" ,/,/0"-("3(>7*":(*'+"2+"&4",/2("+1"F8/.-(1("2+"-("P*71'+*(?"=/5("2+"41",(&.7">"41("/*-(12+&(6"&+" +24.0"+1"M1D-('+**(">"P*(1./(?"a+"&4"3('*/371/7".71"+-"+&.*/'7*"(-+3;1"O78(11"d/l7-(4&"Xq8-"2+" P()+*6"1(.+"&4"C(37&("8/5(6"+&.*/'7*(".737"+--(6"F+./-/("Xq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m7--&'71+.*(C'"2+.-(*(2("C+3/1/&'("(":(*'/*" 2+"&4"7)*("A0.!01,*0%.#%/#*="#+0?=*#%/#n%'".6"-+"8/J7"3(1'+1+*"3;&"2+"41"+1C*+1'(3/+1'7".71"&4" 3(*/27?"" " @+"&()+"2+"+--(6"&7)*+"'7276":7*"+-"+:/&'7-(*/7"94+"3(1'/+1+".71"+-"3(*/276"2712+"&+":71+1"2+" 3(1/C/+&'7"&4&"(C/./71+&6"D4&'7&">"(3/&'(2+&?"%&"D*(./(&"("+&'+"+:/&'7-(*/7"94+"&+".717.+"&4"(C/./01" ("-++*"("@8(l+&:+(*+6"94+".717.E("+-":+1&(3/+1'7"2+"Å(1'">"a+&.(*'+&6"-(&"7)*(&"2+"L(2(3+" @'(Ö-">"94+"3(1'+1E(".737"-+.'4*("2+".()+.+*("-("7)*("2+"L(*>"m7--&'71+.*(C'?"a4*(1'+"-(" 7.4:(./01"C*(1.+&("3(1'4,7"*+-(./71+&"2+"(3/&'(2".71"+-"D+1+*(-"C*(1.A&"V/--('+6"-7"94+"+&" :*7)()-+"94+"C(./-/'(*(":7*"+&+"'/+3:76"!?T!!6"&4"'*(&-(27"("F;2/J6"2712+"7*D(1/J0"41("'+*'4-/(" -/'+*(*/(6"2+"-7"94+"2("'+&'/371/7"B-.(-;"H(-/(176">"("'*(,A&"2+-"D+1+*(-"C*(1.A&6".71&/D4/+*(" /D4(-3+1'+"&(-/*"2+-":(E&">"*+41/*&+"+1"B-+3(1/(".71"&4"C(3/-/(?" " a+&2+"+-":41'7"2+",/&'(":7-E'/.76"P*(&94/'("+&":(*'/2(*/("2+"-("371(*94E("()&7-4'("2+"P+*1(127"VMM6" >"(".71&+.4+1./(6"(-D417&"+&.*/'7&"&4>7&"-+"(.(**+(*;1":*7)-+3(&".71"-(".+1&4*(?"Z1(",+J"-(" NN" "


C(3/-/("2+",4+-'("+1"F;2/J"&+"/1'+D*("+1"-7&".E*.4-7&"2+"-(")4*D4+&E("-7.(-6":+*'+1+./+127"("-("r+(-" @7./+2(2"2+"B3/D7&"2+-"W(E&">"("-("O41'("2+"a(3(&6"*+&:+.'/,(3+1'+6"2+&2+"+-"373+1'7"2+"&4" C412(./01?"%&"-("A:7.("+1"-("94+"P*(&94/'(":(*'/./:("(.'/,(3+1'+6"541'7"("&4"3(*/276"+1"-("--(3(2(" :7-A3/.(".(-2+*71/(1(6"94+"2+17'(6"/D4(-3+1'+6"-("(2&.*/:./01"(-"*73(1'/./&37".71&+*,(27*"2+-" 3('*/371/7?"%1"-("2/(-A.'/.("()/+*'(6"P*(&94/'(6"94+"C/*3(".71"+-":&+4201/37"94+">("(1'+&"8()E(" 4'/-/J(27"2+"pF>3727.+(p6"3(1'/+1+"+1C*+1'(3/+1'7&".71"&4"(1'/D47"(3/D7"O7&A"O7(94E1"2+"L7*(" >".71"+-":*7:/7"B-.(-;"H(-/(17?" " @4"(:7*'(./01"(-"r73(1'/./&37"&+"*+(-/J0"("'*(,A&"2+"41("7)*("+&.*/'(6"17"34>"+<'+1&(6"&7)*+" '727":7*"3+2/7"2+"&4"-()7*"+:/&'7-(*">"+1"41("17,+-("94+"*+:*+&+1'("("-("P*(&94/'("3;&" r74&&71/(1(?"K'*7&"+&.*/'7&6"D+1+*(-3+1'+"2+".(*;.'+*"(4'0D*(C76"*+.7:/-(1"&4&"+<:+*/+1./(&"+1" ,/(5+&">"7:/1/71+&"-/'+*(*/(&">":7-E'/.(&?"a+50"/1A2/'7&"+&.*/'7&">"3+37*/(&"94+"8(1"&/27"'*(1&.*/'7&" E1'+D*(3+1'+":7*"K*7J.7"B.4(,/,("+1"P*(&94/'("](**+(6":*/3+*("*73;1'/.("+&:(G7-(?" " " " " " " " " " "#$%#&'()*+),!! kkk?8/&'7*/(345+*+&?+&" kkk?(*'+8/&'7*/(?.73" 8'':nookkk?D+1'+2+-:4+*'7?.73o#R!#o!!oRjo!b[NjbC*(&94/'(b-(**+(b>b+-b:4+*'7o" " " N[" "


AMALIA LÓPEZ CABRERA B3(-/(" ]0:+J" F()*+*(" 1(./0" +1" B-3+*E(" +1" !?T$T6" >" (4194+" 1(./2(" +1" -(" .(:/'(-" (-3+*/+1&+6" C4+" .71" &4&" :(2*+&6" &/+127" 34>" 1/G(6" (" ,/,/*" (" O(A1?" B--E" .717./0" (-" 94+" (12(127" +-" '/+3:7" &+*E(" &4" 3(*/27" .71" +-" 94+" &+" .(&0" (" -(" +2(2" 2+" #R" (G7&6" P*(1./&.7" ]0:+J" V/J.(E176" :*7:/+'(*/7" 2+" 41(" .717./2("/3:*+1'(6"94+"&+".(&()("+1"&+D412(&"14:./(&">">("'+1E("'*+&"8/57&?"" " a+&2+"&4"3('*/371/76"B3(-/("&+"2+2/.("(".7-()7*(*".71"&4"3(*/27"+1"-7&"'*()(57&"2+"-("/3:*+1'(6" &7)*+" '727" +1" -(" *+(-/J(./01" 2+" '(*5+'(&" 34>" 2+" 372(" :7*" +1'71.+&" >" 94+" +--(" C/*3()(" .737" B3(-/("]?"2+"]0:+J6"(4194+"&4&"/194/+'42+&"(*'E&'/.(&"-("37,E(1"("8(.+*"(-D7"3;&?" " P4+"-(":*/3+*("C7'0D*(C("2+"%&:(G(">"(:*+12/0"+-"7C/./7"2+"-("3(17"2+-"C7'0D*(C7":7-(.7"]42k/l" Y(*&J+1&l/"Å71(*&J+1&l/6"C7*3(27"+1"P*(1./(6".71"D*(1":*+2/.(3+1'7"+1"-("F7*'+"2+"d(:7-+01"MMM6" 94+"(-":(*+.+*"-+".71.+2/0"+-"'E'4-7"2+"F712+"2+"]/:("D*(./(&"("&4&".717./3/+1'7&":*7C+&/71(-+&^" +&'+"/1'+*+&(1'+":+*&71(5+"'(3)/A1"'4,7"D*(1"/1C-4+1./("+1"%&:(G(">"W7*'4D(-6"&/+127"173)*(27" C7'0D*(C7" 2+" .;3(*(" 2+" M&()+-" MM" 2+" %&:(G(" >" 2+" -(" r+/1(" L(*E(" MM" 2+" W7*'4D(-?" V/(50" 34.87" :7*" %&:(G(">"+1"41("2+"&4&":(*(2(&"+1"O(A1"C4+"3(+&'*7"2+"B3(-/(?" " F71"-7&".717./3/+1'7&"(294/*/27&".71"-(&"+1&+G(1J(&"2+"&4"3(+&'*7">"(1/3(2(":7*"&4",7.(./01"&+" 2+./2+"(":*/1./:/7"2+"!?TSR">"()*+"41"+&'42/7"C7'7D*;C/.7"+1"+-"1Ü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a7*(,+?"W+*7"("B3(-/("8(>"94+"*+.717.+*-+"+-"8()+*"&/27" :/71+*(" +1" +&'+" (*'+" +3+*D+1'+" >" &4" /1'+*A&" +1" /1,+&'/D(*" -(&" :7&/)/-/2(2+&" 94+" +&'(" 14+,(" 8+**(3/+1'(":*7:7*./71()(?""" " d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jj?" NS" "


" "#$%#&'()*+),!! 8'':noo-(D(**(:('((12(-4J(?)-7D&:7'?.73?+&o#R!NoRTo(12(-4.+&b/-4&'*+&b2/b:(b'(b'(?8'3-" " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " N`" "


MARÍA JOSEFA OLIVER HURTADO d(./0" +1" L;-(D(" +-" #j" 2+" 7.'4)*+" 2+" !T$`6" +1" +-" &+17" 2+" 41(" C(3/-/(" (*/&'0.*('(6" *+./)/0" 41(" '+3:*(1("C7*3(./01"(.(2A3/.("94+"+1"&4"A:7.("17"+*("C*+.4+1'+"+1"-(&"345+*+&6":+*7"2+1'*7"2+-" (3)/+1'+".4-'4*(-"+1"94+"&+"2+&+1,7-,E("+*("(:*7:/(27n"&4":(2*+"+*("+-":*+&'/D/7&7"54*/&.71&4-'7" O7&A" K-/,+*" H(*.E(^" &4" 3(2*+" 27G(" a7-7*+&" =4*'(27" 2+" L+127J(" :+*'+1+./+1'+" (" 41(" /-4&'*+" +&'/*:+"2+"+&.*/'7*+&">"8+*3(17&6"271"O7&A">"L(14+-"K-/,+*"H(*.E("'(3)/A1"C4+*71"(.(2A3/.7&"2+" -("r+(-?"L(14+-"C4+"7)/&:7"2+"W(3:-71(?"" a+&2+"34>"57,+1"'4,7"27&",7.(./71+&"94+"3(*.(*71"&4"+</&'+1./(n"+5+*.+"-(".(*/2(2".(&/"'72("&4" ,/2(" >" -(" .*+(./01" -/'+*(*/(?" B" -(" +2(2" 2+" !`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`$"'4,7",(*/(&"+1C+*3+2(2+&"94+"&+".+)(*71"+1"+--(6"+1" -(" 94+" :4&/+*71" (" :*4+)(" &4" :(./+1./(6" :7*" 2+&D*(./(" C(--+./0" +-" S" 2+" L(>7" 2+" !TjR" &/+127" ()(2+&("2+-"371(&'+*/7?"""" " " " " " " " " " "

NT" "


" "#$%#&'()*+),!! 8'':nookkk?3.1)/7D*(C/(&?.73o(::b)/7o27o&87ksl+>t7-/,+*b>b84*'(27b&7*b3(*/(b57&+C(" 8'':noo3(-(D(:+*&71(5+&?)-7D&:7'?.73?+&o#R!!oRjo3(*/(b57&+C(b7-/,+*b84*'(27b/-4&'*+?8'3-" " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " Nj" "


ROSARIO PINO BOLAテ前S d(./0" +1" 41(" 843/-2+" .(&(" 3(-(D4+G(" +-" #N" 2+" L(>7" 2+" !T`R" +1" .(--+" r+C/17^" C4+" 8/5(" 2+" 41" .(5/&'("2+"/3:*+1'(">"'*()(50"34.87&"(G7&"+1"+-"'+('*7"F+*,(1'+&?"@+".*/0"+1"41")(**/7".+*.(17"(-" Y+('*7""F+*,(1'+&?"a+&2+"34>""1/G("-+"D4&'()("34.87"-("/1'+*:*+'(./01?" F71"71.+"(G7&"(.'4()("+1"D*4:7&"2+"'+('*7"2+-":7+'("]4/&"@(1'/">"2+"-("@7./+2(2"]7:+"2+"V+D(?" @4&"+&'42/7&"2*(3;'/.7&"-7&"8/J7"+1"-("B.(2+3/("2+"a+.-(3(./016"94+"2/*/DE(1"+-"(.'7*"O7&A"r4/J" X7**+D7" >" +-" -/'+*('7" d(*./&7" aE(J" 2+" %&.7)(*?" K)'4,7" 143+*7&7&" :*+3/7&" +1" L;-(D(" >" (" .71&+.4+1./("2+"+--76"-(".71'*('(*71"+1"L(2*/26"("-("+2(2"2+"2/+./&A/&"(G7&6":7*"-(".73:(GE("2+" L(*E("Y4)(46"-7D*(127"41"D*(1"A</'7"+1"-7&"+&.+1(*/7&"2+"-(".(:/'(-">"+1"-(&":*/1./:(-+&"./42(2+&" 2+" %&:(G(?" F71&/D4/0" 41(" D*(1" C(3(" :7*" &4&" /1'+*:*+'(./71+&" 2+" e2(3(" 57,+1f?" P4+" -(" 94+" 3;&" :(:+-+&" /1'+*:*+'0" 2+" -7&" 3+57*+&" (4'7*+&" 2*(3;'/.7&" 2+-" 373+1'76" C4+" -(" :*+C+*/2(" 2+" O(./1'7" X+1(,+1'+6">"41("2+"-(&"94+"+&.+1/C/.06"+-"2E("2+"&4"+&'*+176"r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a+50"-7&"+&.+1(*/7&"2+&:4A&"2+"+&'(*"+1"-("+&.+1("3;&"2+"'*+&"2A.(2(&?"%1"P+)*+*7" 2+" !j!N6" +1" +-" Y+('*7" F+*,(1'+&" 2+" L;-(D(6" -(" 173)*(*71" 8/5(" :*+2/-+.'(" 2+" -(" ./42(2" +1" 41" &7-+31+"873+1(5+?""P(--+./0"+1"L(2*/2"+-"!$"2+"O41/7"2+-"!j$$?" " " " " " " " " " " " [R" "


"#$%#&'()*+),!! 8'':noo57&+-4/&'*45/--7*72*/D4+J?)-7D&:7'?.73?+&o#R!$oR#o345+*+&b+1b-(b8/&'7*/(b*7&(*/7b :/17?8'3-" 8'':noo(*.8/,7*+>+&?)-7D&:7'?.73?+&o#R!!oR#o-(b(.'*/Jb*7&(*/7b:/17b(-431(b2+b-(?8'3-" 8'':noo3(-(D(:+*&71(5+&?)-7D&:7'?.73?+&o#RRToRNo)-7Db:7&'?8'3-" 8'':&noo+&?k/l/:+2/(?7*Dok/l/or7&(*/7vW/17" ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !

[!" "


AMALIA RAMÍREZ LUPIÓN L(*E(" B3(-/(" 2+" -7&" a7-7*+&" 2+" -(" B:(*/./01" 2+" @(1'/(D76" 1(.+" +1" ]4:/01" gO(A1h6" 41" #$" 2+" L(>76""2+"!?T$N?"" Z1(" 2+" -(&" 3;&" :*+&'/D/7&(&" '/:-+&" 94+" 8(1" :/&(27" -7&" +&.+1(*/7&" +&:(G7-+&6" >" &/" 8+37&" 2+" ('+1+*17&"("-(&".*01/.(&"2+"-("A:7.(6"-("3+57*"+1'*+"-(&"3+57*+&"2+"&4".4+*2(?" %*(" 8/5(" 2+" a?" r(301" r(C(+-" r(3E*+J6" .73(12(1'+" 2+" /1C(1'+*E(6" >" 2+" 27G(" B1(" @;1.8+J" 2+-" F(3:7"r4)/76"2+"]("F(*7-/1(6"2+&.+12/+1'+"2+"41("2+"-(&"3;&"2/&'/1D4/2(&"C(3/-/(&"D*(1(2/1(&?" @4&"()4+-7&":('+*17&"+*(1"B1'71/7"r(3E*+J"@+,/--(">"L(*E("O7&+C("r(3E*+J"F(&(27"2+"]4:/01?"@4&" ()4+-7&"3('+*17&"MD1(./7"2+-"F(3:76"2+"V/&7"2+-"L(*94A&^">"F('(-/1("r4)/76"2+"]/1(*+&?" a+&2+"34>"1/G("2+37&'*0"B3(-/("(C/./01"("-("3I&/.(?"B"-7&"'*+&"(G7&"+1'71()(".71"-/12(">":4*(" ,7J".4(1'(&"3+-72E(&"7E(6">"("-7&"&/+'+"&7-C+()(">"&+"(.73:(G()("+1"41("D4/'(**("-7&"C*(D3+1'7&" 3;&"+1")7D(?"K)-/D(2("("&+D4/*"("&4&":(2*+&"+1"-7&".71'/147&"2+&:-(J(3/+1'7&"("94+"-(":*7C+&/01" 2+"a?"r(301"-+&"7)-/D()(6"17":427"+&'42/(*"&+*/(3+1'+6".737"+*("+-"2+&+7"2+"&4&":*7D+1/'7*+&^" :+*7"&4"/1'4/./01"(*'E&'/.("/)("+1"(43+1'76">"(&E"("-7&"71.+"(G7&":/&0":7*":*/3+*(",+J"-("+&.+1("+1" _(37*(6" +1" 41(" C41./01" 7*D(1/J(2(" :7*" -(" 7C/./(-/2(2" 2+" 2/.8(" :-(J(" (" )+1+C/./7" 2+" -7&" :7)*+&6" .(1'(127"-(".(,('/1("2+"-("0:+*("pX+''/p6".71"'(-"A</'7"94+"-+"C4+"*+D(-(2(".737"*+.4+*27"2+"+&'+" &4":*/3+*"'*/41C76"41("8+*37&(".7*71("2+"7*7?"B-"+&'(--(*"-("D4+**(".(*-/&'("+-":(2*+"2+"B3(-/("&+" :(&0"("-(&"C/-(&"2+-":*+'+12/+1'+6"-7"94+"37'/,0"94+"-+"C4+&+1".71C/&.(27&"'727&"-7&")/+1+&?"W(*(" .7-37" 2+" 3(-+&6" a?" r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p](":+*-("2+-"F71&+*,('7*/7p6">"&4&"A</'7&"C4+*71"'(1"&71(27&"94+" (1'+&" 2+" :/&(*" -(&" '()-(&" >(" &+" 2/&:4'()(1" ,(*/(&" +3:*+&(&" 2+" :*7,/1./(&" +-" /1.7*:7*(*-(" (" &4&" .73:(GE(&" 2+" 0:+*(?" W+*7" B3(-/(" &+" 2+./2/0" :7*" 14+&'*(" J(*J4+-(6" +1'71.+&" +1" &4&" (-)7*+&" 3+*.+2"("-7&"+&C4+*J7&"2+"@(-(&6"X(*)/+*/6"M1.+1D(">"7'*7&"3I&/.7&"2+"C4&'+6"2+)4'0"+1"+-"F/*.7"(" :*/1./:/7&"2+"!T[$".71"-("J(*J4+-("2+"B**/+'(">"F(3:*7201":$#!%'0.P#,F3$("7)'+1/+127"41"A</'7"2+" (:7'+7&/&?"a+&:4A&"2+"'*+&"(G7&"2+"'*/41C7&"/1/1'+**43:/27&6"+1".4>("(.'4(./01"8/J7".*+(./71+&" +1"7)*(&".737n";,*,$0.,(#60&#!%&#'3G"+"&(#]3"++,#,#'3"+*"(#6,+0.,("-(":*/3+*("0:+*("+1"+&:(G7-6" 94+"C4+"+&'*+1(2(":7*"+--("+1"!T[[6"@,#=0G,#!"$#+"?0'0".*%#B#@$,',!,#B#*+%9,m"C4+".71'*('(2(":7*" 41(" +3:*+&(" 2+" F;2/J" :(*(" 2(*" (--E" 41" .7*'7" 1I3+*7" 2+" C41./71+&?" P4+"'(-"+-"A</'7"-7D*(27":7*"B3(-/("94+"-("+3:*+&("-("+&.*/'4*0":7*"27&"(G7&6"-7"94+"37-+&'0"+1"'(-" [#" "


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`" 3(*.80" .71'*('(2(" (" -(" =()(1(6" >" (1'+&" 2+" :(*'/*" &+" 2+&:/2/0" 2+-" :I)-/.7" 3(2*/-+G7" .71" 41(" C41./01" 2(2(" +1" +-" W*E1./:+6" +1" -(" 94+" /1'+*:*+'0" p](" F7-+D/(-(p?" Y*+&" (G7&" +&'4,7" +1" B3A*/.(" 7)'+1/+127" A</'7&" 2+" (:7'+7&/&6" 8(&'(" !TSR6" +1" 94+" *+D*+&0" 2+" 14+,7" (" %&:(G(?" %1" 41(" +<.4*&/01" 94+" 8/J7" :7*" B12(-4.E(" .717./0" (" a?" B27-C7" 2+" -(" r7&(6" :*+&'/D/7&7" 3A2/.7" .71" +-" 94+" &+" .(&0" >" '4,7" '*+&" 8/57&n" O4-/76" B27-C7" >" X-(1.(6" *+'/*;127&+" 2+" 14+,7" 2+" -(" +&.+1(?" %-" a*?" a+" -(" r7&(6" 94+" +*(" 41" (:(&/71(27" *+:4)-/.(176" &+" ,/7" 7)-/D(27" (" +3/D*(*"24*(1'+"-("r+&'(4*(./016">"+1'71.+&"B3(-/(",7-,/0"(":/&(*"-("+&.+1(^":+*7"+&'(",+J6":(*(" 2+2/.(*&+" (" -(" 0:+*(6" 2712+" .71&/D4/0" '*/41C7&" '(1" *+&71(1'+&" .737" +1" -(" J(*J4+-(?" F(1'0"+1"L/-;16".71"F7*&/^"+1"X7-71/(".71"H(>(**+6"W('/+*1+">"B-D2/D8/+*/^"+1"W(*E&6".71"V+*D+*^"+1" +-" F7,+1" H(*2+16" 2+" ]712*+&^" +1" +-" @(1" F(*-7&6" 2+" d;:7-+&6" >" +1" +-" r+(-" 2+" L(2*/26" -7" 3;&" 2+&'(.(27" 2+-" *+:+*'7*/7" 2+" 0:+*(6" >" +1" '727&" -7&" &/'/7&" 2712+" (.'40" :*7,7.0" '+3:+&'(2+&" 2+" +1'4&/;&'/.7&"(:-(4&7&?"B2+3;&"2+"-(&"J(*J4+-(&"./'(2(&"+&'*+10"],$,.*"%&#".#A"."10,(#:$#5,$$"#!"# D.!%++,(#@,#10&*"+.,#".1,.*,!,(#@,#;,1"+C,#)",$(#@%&#G,+!0."&#!"$#-3".#)"*0+%(#@,#1%$,#!"$#!0,>$%(#:$# ?+3'"*"(#:$#"&*+".%#!"#3.#,+*0&*,#>"34.8(&"3;&6"/3:7&/)-+&"2+"+143+*(*?" %-"`"2+"7.'4)*+"2+"!?T[T6"54&'7".7/1./2/+127".71"+-"(G7"94+"&+"C412("p%-"B'+1+7"]/'+*(*/7"B*'E&'/.7" >" F/+1'EC/.7" 2+" F;2/Jp6" -(" O41'(" 2+" H7)/+*17" 2+" A&'+6" 173)*(" @7./(" 2+" LA*/'7" (" a7G(" B3(-/(" r(3E*+J6":7*"&4&"D*(12+&",/*'42+&"+1"-(&"(*'+&"-E*/.(&">"2*(3;'/.(&?"%&'7"--(3(":72+*7&(3+1'+"-(" ('+1./016" >(" 94+" +1" (94+--(" A:7.(" +-" :*7'(D71/&37" 2+" -(&" 345+*+&" +1" -7&" B'+1+7&" +*(" :*;.'/.(3+1'+" /1+</&'+1'+" >" +&" 2/CE./-" +1.71'*(*" ./'(&" *+C+*/2(&" (" 345+*+&" 8(&'(" !j[R^" " 94/J;" :7*" +&'7" +&" :7*" -7" 94+" &+" .4+1'(" .71" '(1" :7.(" /1C7*3(./01" &7)*+" +&'(" /-4&'*+" .(1'(1'+?" " F(1&(2(" 2+" 41(" .(**+*(" '(1" '*/41C(-" .737" C*4.'EC+*(6" >" (G7*(127" -(" :(J" >" +-" *+'/*7" 2+-" 87D(*6" &+" 2+&:/2/0" 2+" -(" +&.+1(6" ,/,/+127" (-+5(2(" 34.87&" (G7&" 2+" +--(6" 8(&'(" 94+6" (" -7&" 7.8+1'(" >" .4('*7" (G7&"C(--+.E("+1"L(2*/2"+-"2E("#["2+"C+)*+*7"2+"!T!T?" " "#$%#&'()*+),!! kkk?8/&'7*/(2+345+*+&?+&" 8'':noo(23/1?2/:45(+1?+&o341/./:/7&o]4:/71o+-b341/./:/7o:+*&71(&b/-4&'*+&o(3(-/(b*(3/*+J?8'3-" 8'':nookkk?-4:/71?+&o+-b341/./:/7o:+*&71(&b/-4&'*+&o(3(-/(b*(3/*+J?8'3-"" "" [$" "


LUISA IGNACIA ROLDÁN DE VILLAVICENCIO d(.+" ]4/&(" MD1(./(" r7-2;16" .717./2(" .737" ](" r7-2(1(6" +1" +-" (G7" !?S[#" +1" @+,/--(" >" 34+*+" +1" L(2*/2" +1" !?`RS?" =/5(" 2+-" 17'()-+" +&.4-'7*" W+2*7" r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a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r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r7-2;1"&7)*+"+-"873)*+"+-+D/27":7*"&4"8/5(?" F71" +-" '/+3:76" (-" /12+:+12/J(*&+" 2+" -(" '4'7*E(" 2+-" :(2*+6" 17" (&E" 2+" -(" 2+-" 3(*/276" :4+&" 8(>" 94+" (.+:'(*"94+"41("345+*"2+-"&/D-7"UVMM"17"'+1E(".(:(./2(2"2+"C/*3(*":+*&71(-3+1'+"&4&".71'*('7&"1/" (" -(" (23/1/&'*(./01" 2+" &4&" )/+1+&6" &/17" (" '*(,A&" 2+-" +&:7&76" >" &/+127" A&'+" -7" 94+" '727" 8(.+" [N" "


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r+>" F(*-7&" MM" :(*(" 2+.7*(./01" 2+-" L71(&'+*/7" 2+-" %&.7*/(-" 2712+" :4+2+" (23/*(*&+?" @7)*+"+&'("7)*("&+"2/.+"94+"-("r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a+&.(-J(&" r+(-+&" 2+" L(2*/26" +1'*+" 7'*(&6" >6" -(" -(*D(" -/&'(" 2+" :+94+G7&" D*4:7&" :(*(" -7&" )+-+1+&6" '+1/+127" /D4(-3+1'+"94+"2+&'(.(*"94+"41("2+"-(&"C/D4*(&"3;&"8+*37&(&"2+"O+&I&"*+./A1"1(./27"+&"'(3)/A1" 7)*("&4>(?" "#$%#&'()*+),!! %1.>.-7:+2/(?.73! @+,/--(/1C7*3(./71?7*Do)/7D*(C/(&o+&.4-'7*+&o*7-2(1" [[" "


LUISA CARLOTA Sテ・NZ DE VINIEGRA Y VELASCO F;2/J"!`j#bL(2*/2"!TS[?"%&.*/'7*(?"%&:7&(">")/0D*(C("2+"Y7**/57&?"W7-E'/.("-/)+*(-"=/5("2+"L(14+-" @;+1J"2+"V/1/+D*(">"P;)*+D(">"2+"O7&+C("2+"V+-(&.7">"+&:7&("2+-"H+1+*(-"Y7**/57&6"+5+"2+"&4":(&7" :7*"-("=/&'7*/(?"" B"+&'("345+*6".737"("'(1'(&"7'*(&6"-("=/&'7*/("2+-"B*'+">"-("=/&'7*/("+1"D+1+*(-6"17"-+"8(".71.+2/27" 3;&"3A*/'7"94+"+&'(*"(&7./(2("("41"173)*+"2+"873)*+6"+1"+&'+".(&76"41"873)*+")/+1"'+1/27"+1" .4+1'(":7*"-("=/&'7*/(":7*"3A*/'7&":*7:/7&6":+*7"(4194+"(&E"&+(6"17"&4:71+"94+"8(>("94+"/D17*(*" &4",(-E(".737"+&.*/'7*("*+24./+127"&4"/3:7*'(1./("("41("./*.41&'(1./(6"/3:7*'(1'+"&E6"2+"&4",/2(" :*/,(2(?"@4"3('*/371/7"+1"!?T!$".71"O7&A"L(*E("2+"Y7**/57&">"Z*/(*'+6"3(*.0"34>"+&:+./(-3+1'+" &4",/2(">"+1"./+*'7"3727"-(".712/./710":(*("&/+3:*+?"\"C4+*("2+"+&'7"17"8(>"(:+1(&"2('7&"&7)*+" &4"7)*("-/'+*(*/(?" B" *(EJ" 2+" -(" 34+*'+" 2+" Y7**/57&" C4&/-(276" :7*" 7*2+1" 2+" P+*1(127" VMM6" +1" 2/./+3)*+" 2+" !T$!6" +1" L;-(D(6"+1"-(":-(>("2+-"X4-'7"'*(&"+-"C(--/27":*7141./(3/+1'7"94+"8()E("+1.()+J(27"+-"3(-7D*(27" D+1+*(-6" &4" +&:7&(" &+" +</-/0" +1" P*(1./(6" 2712+" ,/,/0" 24*(1'+" '*+&" (G7&?" Z1(" ,+J" 34+*'7" +-" *+>" ()&7-4'/&'(6"]4/&("@;+1J"2+"V/1/+D*("*+D*+&0"("%&:(G(6".71"-("/1'+1./01"2+"*+/,/12/.(*"-("3+37*/(" 2+-" +&:7&7" :71/A127&+" (" '*()(5(*" +1" -(" *+2(../01" 2+" 41(" .7:/7&(" )/7D*(CE(" &7)*+" A-?" B&E6" .(&/" '*+/1'("(G7&"2+&:4A&"2+"94+"C4+*("(54&'/./(27"+-"3/-/'(*"-/)+*(-",/7"-("-4J"+1"L(2*/2"-("7)*("'/'4-(2(" A0!,# !"$# ?"."+,$# !%.# ^%&E# 6,+C,# !"# [%++0G%&# B# e?,+*"(# +&.*/'(" >" :4)-/.(2(" :7*" &4" ,/42(" gL(2*/2n" L(14+-" L/14+&(6" !TSRh6" 94+6" 2/,/2/2(" +1" 27&" ,7-I3+1+&6" +&" -(" I1/.(" 7)*(" 94+" &+" .71&+*,(" 2+" ]4/&("@;+1J"2+"V/1/+D*(?" @/1" +3)(*D76" -(" 3+37*/(" 2+" Y7**/57&" -+" &7)*+,/,/0?" B-" *+8()/-/'(*&+" +1" %&:(G(" +-" *AD/3+1" .71&'/'4./71(-6" &4" +&:7&(6" *+./)/0" +1" !T$`" +-" 'E'4-7" 2+" F712+&(" 2+" Y7**/57&" >" +1" !T$T" +-" 2+" V/J.712+&("2+"P4+1D/*7-(?" }4/&7"-(".(&4(-/2(2"94+"71.+"(G7&"2+&:4A&"2+"-("+5+.4./016"+-"3/&37"2E("94+"&+":71E("-(":*/3+*(" :/+2*("2+-"37143+1'7"94+"+-"(*94/'+.'7"r(C(+-"L/'5(1("2/&+G0":(*("(-)+*D(*"-7&"*+&'7&"2+"+&'7&" -/)+*(-+&6".71"+-"D+1+*(-"Y7**/57&"C4+*71"C4&/-(27&"NT"2+"&4&".73:(G+*7&6"+1"-("W-(J("2+"-("L+*.+26" +-" !`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`"2+"()*/-"2+"!TN#6"2E("+1" 94+"&+".7-7.0"-(":*/3+*(":/+2*("2+-"37143+1'7"94+"+-"B>41'(3/+1'7"2+"+&'("./42(2"+*/D/0":(*(" .7-7.(*"-7&"*+&'7&"37*'(-+&"2+-"H+1+*(-">"&4&".73:(G+*7&?"\"&4",/42("]4/&("@;+1J"2+"V/1/+D*("2+" [S" "


Y7**/57&6" .+2/0" +1'71.+&" +&'+" 1/.87" +1" +-" .+3+1'+*/7" 2+" @?" L/D4+-6" 2712+" +&'4,/+*71" -7&" *+&'7&" 37*'(-+&" 2+-" H+1+*(-" Y7**/57&" .71" 7)5+'7" 2+" .7-7.(*" +1" A-" -7&" *+&'7&" 2+-" &(.+*27'+" V/.(*E(?" a+&(C7*'41(2(3+1'+" 2+&2+" -(" .-(4&4*(" 2+" +&'+" .+3+1'+*/7" +1" !jT`" &+" :*7245+*71" 34.8(&" +<843(./71+&6">"17"8("&/27"8(&'("87>".4(127"&+"8(1"*+&'/'4/27"-7&"*+&'7&">"-("-;:/2("94+"*+.7D+" '72("+&'("8/&'7*/(?" %-" :(2*+" V/.(*E(" 17" :427" &4:+*(*" -(" /154&'/./(" 2+" +&'(" +5+.4./016" &7)*+" '727" +-" 94+" &+" C4&/-(*(" '(3)/A1"("41"D*43+'+"2+"!["(G7&"94+"&+"8()E("41/27"("-("+<:+2/./01"&/3:-+3+1'+":7*94+"94+*E(" &+*" 3(*/1+*7?" %&'7" -7" --+,0" (" 41" +&'(27" '(-" 2+" +1(5+1(./01"94+" -+" 8(.E("*+:+'/*" .71'/14(3+1'+" +&'(&" C*(&+&n" p&71" /17.+1'+&p" >" p54&'/./(" 2+-" ./+-7p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a/&:4+&'("-(".7*71("("*+/,/12/.(*"-("3+37*/("2+-"H+1+*(-"Y7**/57&6"L(*E("F*/&'/1("2+"B4D&)4*D76"(" -("&(J01"r+/1("H7)+*1(27*(":7*"-("3/17*E("2+"+2(2"2+"&4"8/5("M&()+-"MM6"'4,7"(")/+1"2/.'(*"41"r+(-" 2+.*+'7" 8(./+127" 3+*.+2"2+"'E'4-7"2+"F(&'/--(" (" a7G("]4/&("@;+1J"2+" V/1/+D*(6",/42(" 2+-" /-4&'*+" D+1+*(-"Y7**/57&?" ea+&+7&("2+"2(*"("-("3+37*/("2+-"3(-7D*(27"L(*/&.(-"2+".(3:7"2+"-7"%5A*./'7&"1(./71(-+&"a?"O7&A" L(*E("Y7**/57&6"41" '+&'/371/7" :I)-/.7"2+" 3/" (:*+./7" >" D*('/'42" :7*" -7&" 2/&'/1D4/27&" &+*,/./7&" 94+" +1" &4" D-7*/7&(" .(**+*(" :*+&'0" (" -(" /12+:+12+1./(" >" -/)+*'(2"2+"-(" 1(./016" 8+" '+1/27" (" )/+1" .737"r+/1("H7)+*1(27*(6" +1" 173)*+"2+"3/"(4D4&'("=/5(" -("r+/1("a7G("M&()+-"MM6"8(.+*" (" -(" ,/42("2+"(94+-" /-4&'*+" D+1+*(-6" a7G("]4/&("@;+1J"2+" V/1/+D*(6" 3+*.+2" :+*&71(-"2+"'E'4-7"2+"F(&'/--(6" .71" -(" 2+173/1(./01"2+".712+&("2+"Y7**/57&6" -/)*+"2+"-(1J(&" >" 3+2/(&" (1('(&" >"2+".4(-94/+*(" 7'*7" :(D7?" Y+12*A/&-7" +1'+12/276" >" 2/&:712*A/&" &4" .43:-/3/+1'7?" %&';"*4)*/.(27"2+"-("r+(-"3(17?"%1"W(-(./7"("417"2+"a/./+3)*+"2+"!T$`?"B"a?"%4&+)/7"2+"X(*2(5E">" BJ(*(6"W*+&/2+1'+"2+-"F71&+57"2+"L/1/&'*7&f?" Posteriormente, en 1.838, se le concedi贸 el t铆tulo

[`" "


2+"V/J.712+&("2+"P4+1D/*7-(?" a/.87" '727" -7" 94+" (1'+.+2+6" ,+37&" +-" 24*7" .(3/17" *+.7**/27" :7*" -(&" 345+*+&6" 94+" /12+:+12/+1'+3+1'+" 2+" &4" ,(-E(" :+*&71(-6" )/+1" :7.76" 7" .(&/" 1(2(6" '/+1+1" 94+" (D*(2+.+*" (" -(" =/&'7*/(?" " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " "

[T" "


"#$%#&'()*+),!! 8'':noo.4-'7:/(?+&os:t!RN#" 8'':nookkk?3.1)/7D*(C/(&?.73o(::b)/7o27o&87ksl+>t'7**/57&b57&+b3(*/(b2+" 8'':nookkk?3.1)/7D*(C/(&?.73o(::b)/7o27o&87ksl+>t&(+1Jb2+b,/1+D*(b2+b'7**/57&b-4/&(b .712+&(b2+b'7**/57&" " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " [j" "


!

CATALINA DE TRILLO F('(-/1("1(./0"+1"B1'+94+*("+1"![#R?"L45+*"2+"C(3/-/("/-4&'*+"2+"-("./42(26"C4+")4+1("+&'42/(1'+6" (:*+12/0" -('E1" >" D*/+D76" --+D(127" (" 273/1(*-7&?" }4/&7" &+*" 3715(" >" &4&" C(3/-/(*+&" -(" 8/./+*71" .(3)/(*" 2+" /2+(" .(&;127-(" .71" 271" W+2*7" H71J;-+J" 2+" K.016" 2+&.+12/+1'+" 2+" 417" 2+" -7&" .7194/&'(27*+&" 2+" B1'+94+*(6" F()(--+*7" 2+" -(" 7*2+1" 2+" -(" X(12(" :7*" &4" ,(-7*6" -+" :4&/+*71" 2+" *+173)*+" %-" )4+176" C4+" :*/3+*" *+D/27*?" @4" 3('*/371/7" 24*0" " :7.7&" (G7&" (" .71&+.4+1./(" 2+-" C(--+./3/+1'7"2+"&4"3(*/27"+1"![N#6".71"+-"94+"'4,7"'*+&"8/57&">"41("8/5(?"a+50"'727"&4":('*/371/7" (" 27G(" F('(-/1(?" @4" 8/57" 271" O4(1" H71J;-+J" 2+" K.01" >" Y*/--7" C4+" eF71&+5+*7" 2+-" @4:*+37" 2+"" F(&'/--(f^">"+1"V(--(27-/2"eK/27*"2+"-("r+(-""F8(1.8/--+*/(f?" ](&"(-()(1J(&"2+"WA*+J"2+"L7>("("27G("F('(-/1("C4+*71"*+:+'/2(&">"'*(24./2(&"("7'*(&"-+1D4(&"+1" 7)*(&"94+"'73()(1".737":*7'(D71/&'(&"("345+*+&"/-4&'*+&"2+"-("=/&'7*/(n"@.87''"g!SRTn"$N!h6"94+" ,+*'/0" (-" -('E1" 41(" *+24./2(" &E1'+&/&" 2+-" '+<'7" 2+" WA*+J" 2+" L7>(" :(*(" 41" -+.'7*" .+1'*7+4*7:+7^" r/)+*(" g!SRjn" $#jรก$$#h6" 94+" '*(2457" E1'+D*(" -(" V(*/(" 8/&'7*/(" (-" /'(-/(17^" W+*>3" g!`$Sn" #j#h6" 94+" 2+50" +1" :7*'4D4A&" 7'*(" &E1'+&/&" 2+-" '+<'7" 7*/D/1(-?" %-" :*/3+*" .(';-7D7" +<8(4&'/,7" 2+" 345+*+&" -/'+*('(&" C4+" 2+" g@+**(17" >" @(1J" !jR$b!jR[h6" 94+" '+1E(" /1C7*3(./01" " (1'+*/7*" .71" 8(--(JD7&" 2+" 27.43+1'(./016" :(*(" :7&'+*/7*" /1C7*3(./01" (-" '+3(" 2+" 27G(" F('(-/1(" 2+" Y*/--76" .71" C*(D3+1'7&" 2+-"'+<'7"2+"WA*+J"2+"L7>(">"+-":*/1./:/7"2+-"2+"r/)+*(6"@+**(17">"@(1J".71"27.43+1'(./01"2+-" (*.8/,7" (1'+94+*(17" +1.71'*(27&" (" C/1(-+&" 2+-" UMU" :7*" r72*ED4+J" L(*E1?" @+**(17" >" @(1J" -+" ('*/)4>+"":7*"",+J":*/3+*("'*+&"'+<'7&6"41"'+<'7"54*E2/.76"41"&71+'7">"41("94/1'/--("+1"873+1(5+"(" ]7:+b"("27G("F('(-/1(?" P/D4*("24*(1'+"+-"&/D-7"UVM"-("*+:*+&+1'(1'+"2+"-("-/'+*('4*("C+3+1/1("+1"B1'+94+*(6"(":+&(*"2+"17" 8()+*&+"+1.71'*(27"1/1D417"2+"-7&"&4:4+&'7&"'+<'7&"94+"+&.*/)/0?"%&""&7*:*+12+1'+"-("(4&+1./(" '7'(-"2+"&4"'*(>+.'7*/("":7A'/.(?"%1"B1'+94+*("&+"8(--("41(".(--+".71"&4"173)*+?"" " " " " " " " " SR" "


" " ]7&".73:(G+*7&"2+"&4"'/+3:7"-("(:72(*71"e]("@(C7"B1'+94+*(1(f">"+-":7+'("F*/&'0)(-""a73E1D4+J" .73+1'0"&7)*+"+--(n"" " W)"1%+!,+#&0.%#,#$,#[+0$$%# ]+,.#$3'>+"+,#$0*"+,+0,# I3"#&"#"$"5P#,#'V&#,$*3+,# I3"#93!0"+%.#"$"5,+$,Z# L4*/0"27G("F('(-/1("+1"+-"(G7"!SRR"+1"V(--(27-/26":7*"+1.71'*(*&+"(--E".71"&4"8/57"+-"eF71&+5+*7" 2+-"&4:*+37"2+"F(&'/--(f?" ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! "#$%#&'()*+),! 8'':nookkk?(13(-?43(?+&o143+*7#SoR$vF('(-/1(v2+vY*/--7?8'3-" 8'':noo3(-(D(:+*&71(5+&?)-7D&:7'?.73?+&o#R!!oR`o.('(-/1(b'*/--7b+&.*/'7*(b>b:7+'/&(?8'3-" 8'':noo(1'+94+*(?.(--+5+*7?1+'o.(--+b.('(-/1(b'*/--7?8'3-" " " "

S!" "


"

REMEDIOS VARO L(*E(" 2+" -7&" r+3+2/7&" B-/./(" r72*/D(" V(*7" >" Z*(1D(" .717./2(" .737" r+3+2/7&" V(*76" C4+" 41(" :/1'7*("&4**+(-/&'("+&:(G7-("1('4*(-/J(2("3+</.(1(?"" r+3+2/7&" V(*76" 8/5(" 2+" (12(-4J" >" ,(&.(6" .4>(" C(3/-/(" ,/,E(" 8()/'4(-3+1'+" +1" F0*27)(" 2+" 2712+" +*(" &4" :(2*+6" 1(./0" (../2+1'(-3+1'+" +1" B1D-A&6" :4+&" :7*" 37'/,7" 2+" -(" :*7C+&/01" 2+-" :(2*+6" /1D+1/+*7" 8/2*;4-/.76" -(" C(3/-/(" &+" 2+&:-(J()(" C*+.4+1'+3+1'+" (" -7&" -4D(*+&" 2712+" +&'+" '+1E(" -(" *+&:71&()/-/2(2" 2+" &4&" '*()(57&?" %&'+" 8+.87" >" -(" *+-+,(1./(" 2+" -(" 7)*(" >" +-" :+1&(3/+1'7" 2+" r+3+2/7&6" 17&" 8(.+" 41/*-(" (" +&'+" D*4:7" 2+" 345+*+&" 2/D1(&" 2+" &+*" *+&.('(2(&" 2+-" 7-,/27?" d7" 94+*+37&"2+./*".71"+&'7"94+"r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d(./2("+-"!S"2+"a/./+3)*+"2+"!jRT"+1"B1D-A&6"%&:(G(6"V(*76"2+&2+":+94+G(6"&/1'/0"-("1+.+&/2(2" 2+" +<:*+&(*&+" :(*(" *+C-+5(*" +-" 34127" 94+" -(" *72+()(6" .*+(127" (&E" 41" .7&37&" :/.'0*/.7" --+17" 2+" /3(D/1(./01">":7+&E(?"@4":(2*+6"/1D+1/+*7"8/2*;4-/.7".737">("&+"8(".73+1'(276">"-/)*+":+1&(27*6" C4+" 94/A1" 7*/+1'0" (" r+3+2/7&" 8(./(" +-" 34127" 2+" -(" :/1'4*(?" a+&2+" 34>" :+94+G(" (:*+12/0" (" 4'/-/J(*"-7&"/1&'*43+1'7&"2+"&4":(2*+6"2(127"34+&'*(&"2+"&4"273/1/7"+1"-(":+*&:+.'/,(">"+-"2/)457?" B-+1'(2(" :7*" &4" :(2*+6" >" &/D4/+127" &4" .71&+576" /1D*+&(" +1" -(" B.(2+3/(" 2+" X+--(&" B*'+&" 2+" @(1" P+*1(127" 2+" L(2*/2" (" -7&" ![" (G7&" g!j#Nh6" .71,/*'/A127&+" (&E" +1" 41(" 2+" -(&" :*/3+*(&" 345+*+&" +&'42/(1'+&6" +1" -(" 94+" '4,7" .737" :*7C+&7*+&" (" L(14+-" X+1+2/'7" >" O4-/7" r73+*7" 2+" Y7**+&?" %1" !j$R"&+".(&0".71"&4".73:(G+*7"2+"+&'42/7&"H+*(*27"]/J(**(D+&/2+"2+-"94+"&+"&+:(*(*E("+1"!?j$[?" %1" !j$#6" 2+&:4A&" 2+" 41(" +&'(1./(" +1" W(*E&6" :(&0" (" X(*.+-71(" >" .73:(*'/0" '(--+*" .71" +-" :/1'7*" %&'+,+"P*(1.A&6"2+"-("3(17"2+"94/+1"&+"/1'*72457"+1"-("+&'A'/.("2+"-(&",(1D4(*2/(&">"&+"/1'+*+&0" :7*"+-"&4**+(-/&37?"" %1" !j$S" :(*'/./:0" +1" -(" %<:7&/./01" ]7D/.7C7)/&'(" *+(-/J(2(" +1" X(*.+-71(" >6" 2+&2+" +1'71.+&6" &+" (.+*.0" (" -7&" .73:71+1'+&" 2+-" &4**+(-/&37" C*(1.A&" +1" +-" +1'7*17" 2+" B12*A" X*+'01?" a4*(1'+" -(" H4+**("F/,/-"g!j$Sb!j$jh".717./0"(-"+&.*/'7*"C*(1.A&"X+15(3E1"W+*A'"2+-"94+"&+"+1(37*0">6"'*(&"41" '/+3:7" 2+" ,/2(" +1" .73I1" +1" %&:(G(6" 3(*.8(*71" (" W(*E&?" %1" -(" .(:/'(-" C*(1.+&(" :(*'/./:0" +1" -(&" *+41/71+&" >" +<:7&/./71+&" &4**+(-/&'(&?" Y*(&" -(" /1,(&/01" 2+-" +5A*./'7" (-+3;16" ()(12710" W(*E&" >" &+" /1&'(-0"+1"LA</.7"g!jN!h?"" B--E"+3:+J0"("'*()(5(*".737"(*'+&(1(6":+*7"+1&+D4/2(":(&0"("C7*3(*":(*'+"2+-"D*4:7"&4**+(-/&'(">" S#" "


(" *+-(./71(*&+" 7'*(" ,+J" .71" %&'+,+" P*(1.A&" >6" &7)*+" '7276" .71" -(" :/1'7*(" )*/';1/.(" ]+717*(" F(**/1D'716" .4>7" C4+*'+" (&.+12/+1'+" (*'E&'/.7" C4+" 2+C/1/'/,7" +1" -(" .71.+:./01" +&'A'/.(" 2+" -(" .*+(27*(" +&:(G7-(?" ](" /1C-4+1./(" 34'4(" 2+" +&'(&" 27&" D*(12+&" (*'/&'(&" C4+" '(-" 94+" ]+717*(" F(**/1D'71"--+D0"("2+./*"2+"r+3+2/7&n"94/+1"-(".717.+"&/+3:*+"'+12*;"41"(1'+&">"41"2+&:4A&"+1" &4"C7*3("2+",+*"+-"(*'+">"+1'+12+*"-(",/2(?"Y(3)/A1"C7*3(*71":(*'+"2+-"D*4:7"(-"94+"+*("(&/24(" K.'(,/7" W(J6" FA&(*" L7*76" %,(" @4-J+*6" H41'8+*" H+*J&76" O7&A" =7*1(" >" H7*271" K1&-7kbP7*26" +1'*+" 7'*7&6"'727&"+--7&"/1'+-+.'4(-+&"2+":*/3+*"7*2+1?" %1"!jN!"V(*7">"WA*+'"--+D(1"("LA</.7"(>42(27&":7*"V(*/(1"P*>?"H*(./(&"("-(":7-E'/.("2+-"W*+&/2+1'+" 3+</.(17" F;*2+1(&" -7&" *+C4D/(27&" *+./)/+*71" /13+2/('(3+1'+" (&/-7" >" :+*3/&7" :(*(" '*()(5(*?" r+3+2/7&6":(*("D(1(*&+"-(",/2(6"*+(-/J0"'72(".-(&+"2+"'*()(57&"(*'+&(1(-+&?" " %1"!jN`"&+"&+:(*("2+"X+15(3E1"WA*+'">"A-",4+-,+"("W(*E&?"r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jNj"*+D*+&("("LA</.7">"&/D4+"*+(-/J(127"'*()(57&".73+*./(-+&?"%1"!j[#"&+".(&(".71"41":7-E'/.7" (4&'*/(.7"*+C4D/(27"+1"LA</.7"m(-'+*"H*4+16".71"94/+1":+*3(1+.+*E("8(&'("+-"2E("2+"&4"34+*'+?" H*4+1".71,+1.+"("V(*7":(*("94+"2+5+"-7&"'*()(57&".73+*./(-+&">"&+"2+2/94+"2+"--+17"("-(":/1'4*(?" %1"!j[[":*+&+1'("&4":*/3+*("+<:7&/./01".7-+.'/,("+1"-("H(-+*E("a/(1("(:7*'(127".4('*7".4(2*7&n" r74-7''+6"@/3:('E(6"%-"(-94/3/&'(">"LI&/.("@7-(*?"B-"(G7"&/D4/+1'+":*+&+1'("&4":*/3+*("+<:7&/./01" /12/,/24(-"+1"-(".4(-"-7D*("*+41/*"2/+J">"&+/&".4(2*7&":(*("&4"&+D412("+<:7&/./01"/12/,/24(-"+1"-(" H(-+*E("O4(1"L(*'E1"+1"+-"(G7"!jS#?" " r+3+2/7&" V(*7" 34+*+" 2+" 41" :(*7" .(*2E(.7" +-" T" 2+" K.'4)*+" 2+" !jS$6" +1" LA</.7?" %1" !jSN6" C4+" 7)5+'7" 2+" 41" 873+1(5+" :0&'437" +1" +-" W(-(./7" 2+" X+--(&" B*'+&6" +1" +-" .4(-" *+./)+" 3;&" 2+" [R" 3/-" ,/&/'(1'+&?"W7&'+*/7*3+1'+6"27&"+<:7&/./71+&"/12/,/24(-+&6"41("+1"!j`!">"7'*("+1"!jT$6"&+"--+,(*71" (".()7"+1"+-"L4&+7"2+"B*'+"L72+*17"2+"-("F/42(2"2+"LA</.7?" " 918.7/2!2&$(/!/%!3&5#3#/.7&!B8((/)%#27)!4!C/3/0#&2!D)(&! " a+"+&'/-7"1(**('/,7".71".71./+1./("C+3/1/&'(6"+&'("(*'/&'(".73:(D/1("+-"34127"2+-">"2+"-("(*'/&'(" +1'*+"-("./+1./(">"+-"(*'+6"+1"41("'+1'('/,(":7*"*+,+-(*"+-"7*2+1"/1'+*17"2+-"34127"2+"-("C(1'(&E(^" )(&(2("+1"&4&":*7:/(&"+<:+*/+1./(&6"+1"-("+<:-7*(./01"2+"-7"*(./71(-"+1"41"34127"2+"C(1'(&E(6"-(" 1('4*(-+J(6" -(" (-94/3/(6" -7" &7)*+1('4*(-6" >" -(" 345+*" .737" C4+1'+" 2+" &+1&/)/-/2(2" >" :72+*+&" *+D+1+*('/,7&6"V(*7"-7D*("-("*+.71./-/(./01"2+"27&"34127&n"+-"./+1'EC/.7">"+-"3E'/.76"2(127"7*/D+1" (&E"("-("'*(&.+12+1./(">"("-("*++1.(*1(./01?" " S$" "


r+3+2/7&"V(*7"+*("41("C/D4*("2+":*/3+*"7*2+1"+1"-(".7**/+1'+"2+"-7&"(*'/&'(&"&4**+(-/&'(&?"P7*J0" -(&"-/3/'(./71+&"2+"-7"*(./71(-"+1"&4&"/1'+**7D(./71+&"2+"-7&":72+*+&"3+'(CE&/.7&"+1"-("+<:-7*(./01" 2+"'+3(&"2+"(-94/3/(">":/'(D7*/&37?"%1"&4&"7)*(&",+37&"/2+1'/C/.(./71+&"2+"-("345+*".71":72+*+&" 3/&'+*/7&7&">"*+D+1+*('/,7&".71+.'(27&"("-("1('4*(-+J(6".737"+1"e%<:-7*(./01"2+"-7&"7*ED+1+&"2+-" *E7" K*/17.7f?" %--(" *+.8(J()(" -(&" *+:*+&+1'(./71+&" 2+" -(" 345+*" /3:4+&'(" :7*" -7&" 873)*+&" 2+-" 37,/3/+1'7"&4**+(-/&'(6".737"a(-E">"X+--3+*6":7*94+"*+:*+&+1'()(1"-("345+*".737"41"7)5+'7"2+" 2+&+7"2+"-7&"873)*+&?" " %--(":/1'()("-("345+*"+1"-(":+*&:+.'/,("2+"&4":*7:/("+<:+*/+1./(?" d/1D41(" 345+*" 8(" &/27" /1.-4/2(" +1" -(" -/&'(" 7C/./(-" 2+" 3/+3)*7&" 2+-" 37,/3/+1'7" &4**+(-/&'(?" ]7&" &4**+(-/&'(&" :+1&()(1" +1" -(" 345+*" .737" 41(" 3+2/(27*(" +1'*+" -(" 1('4*(-+J(" >" +-" &4).71&./+1'+6" 41("34&(6">"41"7)5+'7"2+"-7&"2+&+7&"2+"-7&"873)*+&?"%-".71.+:'7"2+"-("345+*"7)5+'/,(27":7*"-(&" 1+.+&/2(2+&" 2+" -7&" 873)*+&" +&'()(" +1" .71C-/.'7" 2/*+.'(3+1'+" .71" -(" 1+.+&/2(2" g&4)5+'/,(h" 2+" 345+*+&"/12/,/24(-+&"("+<:*+&(*&+"-/)*+3+1'+?" " %&.*/'7*(&">"(*'/&'(&"94+"+&.7DE(1"'*()(5(*"+1"+-"3(*.7"2+"-7&":*/1./:/7&"&4**+(-/&'(&"+1.71'*()(1" .71'*(2/../71+&" /18+*+1'+&" (" +&'7&" :*/1./:/7&?" F71" 41" +&'/-7" 1(**('/,76" &+" +1.71'*()(1" .71" 41" +&:(./7" (*'E&'/.7" &/1" 7)5+'/,(./01" 2+" 345+*+&?" d7" 8(>" +1" &4&" 7)*(&" *+:*+&+1'(./71+&" C;-/.(&" +" /3;D+1+&" 2+" (-4./1(./01" 94+" &E" +&'()(1" :*+&+1'+&" +1" -(&" 7)*(&" 2+" -7&" 873)*+&" 2+-" 37,/3/+1'7" &4**+(-/&'(?"V(*7":71+"A1C(&/&"+1"-(&"C4+1'+&"2+"-("*+(-/2(2">"2+"-7&"&4+G7&6"2+-".71&./+1'+">"2+-" /1.71&./+1'+6" 2+-" :(&(27" >" 2+-" :*+&+1'+?" %&'(37&" +1" 41" ,/(5+" 8(./(" +-" /1'+*/7*" 2+" -(" .71./+1./(" C+3+1/1(".4(127"3/*(37&"&4&"7)*(&?"" " @4&" :+*&71(5+&6" 17" :(*+.+1" 1/" 41(" 345+*" 1/" 41" 873)*+6" ,/,+1" &/1" 17*3(&" 2+" -7&" :(:+-+&" 2+" DA1+*7?" P*+.4+1'+3+1'+" -(&" C/D4*(&" 2+" &4&" 2/)457&" '/+1+1" 757&" .737" (-3+12*(&6" &/3/-(*" (" &4&" :*7:/7&" 757&6" :(*(" 2+37&'*(*" +-" :(*+./27" 2+" &4" +<:+*/+1./(" (" -7&" '+3(&" 2+" &4&" 7)*(&?" =(>" (-4&/71+&"("-("*+)+-2E("94+"&+1'E(":7*"&+*"345+*"+1"41"34127":('*/(*.(-?" " " " " " " " " " " " " " " SN" "


" " " "#$%#&'()*+),!! " kkk?)/7D*(C/(&>,/2(&?.73"" " kkk?./42(22+345+*+&?.73o345+*+&o"" " kkk?k/l/:+2/(?+&" " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " S[" "


" "

RITA VIDAL ALFONSO GARCÍA, RITA LUNA " r/'("V/2(-"B-C71&7"H(*.E("+*("8/5("2+-"3('*/371/7"C7*3(27":7*"O7(94E1"B-C71&7">"r7>7">"-("(.'*/J" L(D2(-+1("H(*.E(?"F717./2("+1"+-"34127"(*'E&'/.7"2+"-("+&.+1(".71"+-"173)*+"2+"r/'("]41(6"1(./0" +1"L;-(D("+1"!``R">"+1"L;-(D(",/,/0"&4&":*/3+*7&"(G7&?" " @4":(2*+6"2+&.+12/+1'+"2+"41("/-4&'*+"C(3/-/("(*(D71+&("7*/412("2+"Y+*4+-6"94+":7*"-(&"*(J71+&" 94+" C4+*(16" A-" >" &4" +&:7&(" ,/,E(1" 2+2/.(27&" (-" 2/C/./-E&/37" (*'+" 2+" -(" 2+.-(3(./016" +1" +-" 94+" &+" 2+&+1,7-,E(1" .71" :*+&'/D/7?" d7" '/+1+6" :4+&6" 1(2(" 2+" +<'*(G7" 94+" -(&" '*+&" 8/5(&" 2+" -(" :(*+5(6" B12*+(6" O7&+C(" >" r/'(6" &+" (C/./71(&+1" (-" '+('*76" .(3:7" 94+" &4" D+1/7" :72E(" *+.7**+*6" .71" -(" &4C/./+1'+"&+D4*/2(2"2+"A</'7?" ]7"2+"]41("-+",/17":7*94+"&4":(2*+"+1"7.(&/71+&6"-7"4&()(".737"&+4201/37?"" %1" &4" :(*'/2(" 2+" 1(./3/+1'7" &+" 2/.+" 94+" r/'(" 1(./0" +-" #T" 2+" 3(*J76" -7" 94+" &+DI1" L+&71+*7" r73(17&6"+-"3;&"(.+*'(27"2+"&4&")/0D*(C7&6"-7"(.8(.("("+**7*"2+"*+D/&'*7?" ]("+24.(./01"2+"r/'(6"-7"3/&37"94+"-("2+"&4&"8+*3(1(&6"C4+"17"'(1'7"(*'E&'/.(6".4(1'7"+&3+*(2(">" *+-/D/7&(6" :4+&" +*(1" 34>" (4&'+*7&" -7&" :*/1./:/7&" 94+" :*7C+&()(" &4" :(2*+" &7)*+" +&'+" :41'76" +<:-/.(127" +&'7" +1" ./+*'(" 3(1+*(" -(" .7124.'(" 2+" r/'(" +1" 34.87&" (&:+.'7&?" %1" !`Tj6" .4(127" (:+1(&".4+1'("-7&"!j"(G7&"2+"+2(26".73/+1J("&4"'*()(57"+1"-("+&.+1(?"%&+"(G76"-("57,+1.E&/3("r/'(" &+"'*(&-(2("("L(2*/26">"+1.4+1'*("'*()(57"+1"-(".73:(GE("2+-"(.'7*"@+)(&'/;1"X*/G7-/6"+3:+J(127" &4&"*+:*+&+1'(./71+&"+&.A1/.(&?" " r/'(6" (" :+&(*" 2+" &4&" :7.7&" (G7&" >" +&.(&E&/3(" +<:+*/+1./(6" *+,+-06" 2+&2+" &4" :*/3+*(" &(-/2(" (" -7&" +&.+1(*/7&6" -(&" D*(12+&" .4(-/2(2+&" 94+" *+41E(6" >" .73+1J0" (" *+./)/*" +1'4&/(&'(&" >" 3+*+./27&" (:-(4&7&6" (-" *+:*+&+1'(*" .71" 17'()-+" (./+*'7" ,(*/(&" .73+2/(&" 2+" 14+&'*7" '(1" )+--7" .737" 2/CE./-" '+('*7" .-;&/.76" +1" -(&" 94+" &4:7" 2(*" D*(12+&" 34+&'*(&" 2+" &4&" )*/--(1'+&" .4(-/2(2+&" (*'E&'/.(&6" :(*'/.4-(*3+1'+" (-" /1'+*:*+'(*" -(&" +&.+1(&" 2+"e.,# 1,&,# 1%.# !%&# 93"+*,&# ',$,# "&# !"# ?3,+!,+6" 2+" F(-2+*01"2+"-("X(*.(?" " ]7&"(:-(4&7&"94+"+1"+&'(":*/3+*("A:7.("2+"&4",/2("(*'E&'/.("7)'4,76"17"C4+*71"&/17":*+.4*&7*+&"2+" -7&" 94+" +-" '/+3:7" *+&+*,()(" (" &4" D+1/7?" Z1" (G7" 2+&:4A&6" +1" !`jR6" -(" 57,+1" r/'(" /1D*+&(" +1" -(" .73:(GE("2+"-7&"r+(-+&"@/'/7&6"2712+".73/+1J("(".*+(*&+"41("*+:4'(./01"+1,/2/()-+?" @4">("3+*+./2("C(3("8/J7"94+"+-".712+"2+"P-7*/2()-(1.(6",(-/27"2+-"*+>"F(*-7&"MV6"&+"C/5(&+"+1"+--(" >6" +-" T" 2+" ()*/-" 2+" !`j#6" 2(" /1&'*4../71+&" :(*(" 94+" /1D*+&(*(" +1" +-" F7**(-" 2+-" W*E1./:+" .737" SS" "


à&+D412(" 2(3(â" 2+" -(" .73:(GE(" 2+" L(14+-" L(*'E1+J6" (.73:(G(27" 2+" -(" )+--(" >" 2+&+1,4+-'(" L(*E("2+-"r7&(*/7"P+*1;12+J6".717./2(".737"à-("Y/*(1(â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r7&(*/7" P+*1;12+J?" B.7&'43)*(2(" à-(" Y/*(1(â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r/'("+5+.4'(&+6"&/1"+&'42/7" >"+1&(>7":*+,/7&6"+-":(:+-"+1"94+"+--("+*("54&'(3+1'+"(:-(42/2(?" " W+*7"r/'("17"+*("'71'(">">(".71'()("2+"(1'+3(17".71"(-D41("'*+'("2+"-("2/,(6"(&E"94+6":*+,/+127" (-D7" (&E6" 8()E(" +&'42/(27" .71./+1J42(3+1'+" -7&" 27&" :(:+-+&?" ]-+D(27" +-" 373+1'7" :*+,/&'76" .4(127"&+"-+"(,/&0"2+"94+"'+1E("94+"&4:-/*"("-(":*/3+*("2(3(6"-7"8/J7".71"'(-":+*C+../01"2+&('(127" +-"+1'4&/(&37"2+-":I)-/.7".71"A</'7"'(1"-/&715+*7"94+"&4"'*/41C7"C4+"(**7--(27*?" " V/+127"à-("Y/*(1(â"+-"3(-"*+&4-'(27"94+"&4"(*2/2"8()E(":*724./276"&0-7":+1&0"+1"&(-/*"'*/41C(1'+"2+" (94+--(" .73:+'+1./(6" (4194+" +*(" .71&./+1'+" 2+" 94+" &4" */,(-" +*(" '+3/)-+?" W+*7" +-" 27-7*" 2+" &4" 8+*/2(" ,(1/2(2" +*(" 34>" &4:+*/7*" (" -(" 3+&4*(" 94+" :42/+*(" &4D+*/*-+" +-" 3+17*" ('/&)7" 2+" /1'+-/D+1./(?" à]("Y/*(1(â"94/&7"2/&:4'(*"+-"'+**+176"-4.8(*".737"41("-+71(6">",7-,/0"("-("+&.+1(".71"-(".73+2/(" @,# '3G"+# 5".?,*05,?" %-" 2+&+1D(G7" C4+" '+**/)-+?" %-" :I)-/.7" &+" 37&'*0" C*E76" (:+1(&" 8/J7" &71(*" &4&" (:-(4&7&6">"&4"*+&+*,(".71C/*30"+1"(94+--("17.8+"+-"'*/41C7"2+"r/'("]41(?" " W+*7"à-("Y/*(1(â"+*("345+*"2+"D*(1"+<:+*/+1./(6"&7)*(2("2+"/1'+1./016".71"(3/D7&"/1C-4>+1'+&">"2+" (23/*()-+" 2/:-73(./(?" W7.7" (" :7.7" -7D*0" 3(*'/*/J(*" .71" :+94+G7&" :+*7" .71'/147&" /1./2+1'+&" (" r/'(6"8(&'("94+"A&'(6"8(*'("2+"-(":*+&/01"94+"-+"&4:71E("(94+-"(.7&76"2+./2+"()(1271(*"-("+&.+1(" 2+-" W*E1./:+6" +1" 2712+" 94+20" &4" 8+*3(1(" O7&+C(6" &+DI1" &+" ,+" +1" -(" -/&'(" 2+-" (G7" &/D4/+1'+?" r/'(" S`" "


8()E("(.'4(27"+1"+-"Y+('*7"2+-"W*E1./:+"2+&2+"+-"T"2+"()*/-"2+"!`j#"(-"!$"2+"C+)*+*7"2+"!`j$?"F71" +-"()(12717"2+"+&'+"+&.+1(*/76"-("3(-(D4+G("2+5()("'(3)/A1"2+":+*'+1+.+*"("-(".73:(GE("'+('*(-" 2+"L(14+-"L(*'E1+J?"%1"-("&/D4/+1'+"'+3:7*(2("'+('*(-6"r/'("C4+".71'*('(2(":7*"F7-/&+7"2+"-("F*4J" .71" +-" 3/&37" .(*;.'+*" 2+" &+D412(" 2(3(?" %1" +&'+" 14+,7" *+./1'7" -(" +&:+*()(1" 14+,7&" >" )/+1" 3+*+./27&"-(4*+-+&?" %1"-("*+:*+&+1'(./01"2+":$#!"&!E.#1%.#"$#!"&!E.6"2+"BD4&'E1"L7*+'76":*72457"+1'*+"+-":I)-/.7"41" +1'4&/(&37"/1+C()-+?"O4(1("H(*.E(6".71&/2+*(2("8(&'("+&+"/1&'(1'+":*/3+*("2(3("+1"(94+-"'+('*76" &4:7"2+"/13+2/('7"94+"+*("41("+3:*+&("-7.("2/&:4'(*-+"-(",/.'7*/("("(94+--("+3/1+1./("+&.A1/.(6">" :/2/0"&4"*+'/*7?"r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r75(&?" "%-"D+1/7"+1"-("+&.+1("+&"2+"/12/&.4'/)-+"*+.717./3/+1'76"'(1'7"3;&"2/D17"2+"(23/*(./016".4(1'7" 94+" r/'(" .73+1J0" &4" .(**+*(" '+1/+127" 94+" .*+(*6" :7*94+" +1" ,(17" 84)/+*(" 94+*/27" )4&.(*" 372+-7&"+1"&4"'/+3:7?"%-"3(-"D4&'7"2+.-(3('7*/7"2+"&4"A:7.(6"-("'*(2/./01"2+"L(*E("r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a7'(2(" 2+" 1('4*(-" C/14*(" >" 2/&'/1D4/27" :7*'+6" &4&" (.'4(./71+&" '72(&" :72E(1" .71&/2+*(*&+" .737" ,+*2(2+*7&"372+-7&6"8(./+127"94+":(*+./+&+"+1"-("+&.+1(6"&+DI1"-(&":(-()*(&"2+"41"2/&'/1D4/27" -/'+*('7"2+"&4"'/+3:76"É41(":*/1.+&("*72+(2("2+".73+2/(1'+&Ñ?" %-" '+('*7" C*(1.A&" 8()E(" /**43:/27" +1" -7&" +&.+1(*/7&" +&:(G7-+&" >" +1" +&(" A:7.(" +&'()(" 2+" 372(?" W+*7" r/'(" ]41(" *+:*+&+1'()(" (" -7&" .-;&/.7&" +&:(G7-+&" 2+-" @/D-7" 2+" K*7?" Y727&" -7&" +1'+12/27&" -(" .71&/2+*(*71" .737" -(" (.'*/J" 3;&" +3/1+1'+" 2+" &4" A:7.(?" @+" 2/.+" 94+6" +1'*+" &4&" 3;&" :*+.-(*(&" .4(-/2(2+&6"C/D4*()(1"+-")+--7"'/3)*+"2+"&4",7J6"-("3724-(./01"C;./-">"+-":4*E&/37"2+./*?" r/'(" ]41(" '*/41C0" +1" '72(" -(" -E1+(6" 17" '4,7" */,(-" 94+" (-J(*(" /D4(-" 94+" +--(" +-" ,4+-76" >6" 24*(1'+" 2/+./&A/&"(G7&6"C4+"*+/1("()&7-4'(">"&+G7*("2+-"F7-/&+7"2+"-("F*4J?" " =4)7" '(3)/A1" &4&" 17.8+&" 7&.4*(&" +1" -(" ,/2(" 2+" +&'(" 3(-(D4+G(?" %1" 3+2/7" 2+" +&'(&" 7,(./71+&6" )*7'(*71"+&:/1(&^":7*"-(".(*("2+"-("(*'/&'(".7**/+*71"-;D*/3(&"2+",+*2(26">",(*/(&",+.+&":*+&+1'0" /1&'(1./(&"(3+1(J(127"("-("O41'("2+"'+('*7&".71"3(*.8(*&+"2+"L(2*/2?"W7*"7'*7"-(276"-7&"&4+-27&" ST" "


+1"(94+--("A:7.("+*(1"'(1":+94+G7&6"94+".71"+--7&"17"+*(":7&/)-+"&7&'+1+*&+?" " @/" 17'()-+" C4+" r/'(" ]41(" .737" (.'*/J6" 17" -7" C4+" 3+17&" .737" &+G7*(?" %1" &7./+2(2" +*(" (C()-+" +1" +<'*+37n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d7" &0-7" 17" -+" D4&'()(" 7E*" +-7D/(*" &4&" '*/41C7&" +&.A1/.7&6" &/17" 94+" 2+-(1'+" 2+" +--(" 17" :72E(" 8()-(*&+" 1(2(" 94+" (-" '+('*7" &+" *+C/*/+*(?" d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r/'(" ()(1271(*" -(" +&.+1(6" >" *+141./(*" :(*(" &/+3:*+" (" &4&" -+DE'/37&" '*/41C7&?" B-D41(&" :+*&71(&" -7&" " ('*/)4>+*71" (" 2+&(,+1+1./(&" .71" +-" F7**+D/27*" 2+" L(2*/2^" 7'*(&6" (" 41" +<.+&/,7" C7127" 2+" 3+-(1.7-E(6" >" 7'*(&6" 94/J;" -(&" 3;&" (.+*'(2(&6" -(&" /1'+*:*+'(*71" .737" -(" I-'/3(" :;D/1(" 2+" -(" 8/&'7*/(" 2+" 417&" 3(-7D*(27&"(37*+&?"}4/A1"&()+"&/"'72(&"+&'(&".(4&(&"541'(&".71'*/)4>+*71"("8(.+*-("'73(*"'(1" +<'*+3("*+&7-4./01Ä" @+".73+1'("94+"&7-E("2+./*"94+"+&'()("2/&:4+&'("(".(&(*&+".71"94/+1"-("*+'/*(*("2+"-(&"'()-(&?"B"&4" :+&(*6" :+*3(1+./0" &7-'+*(?" X+--(6" (D*(./(2(" >" &7-/./'(2(" +1" 3('*/371/7" :7*" 143+*7&7&" (.'7*+&6" 141.("&+"94/&7".(&(*">6"(-":(*+.+*6"'4,7"(-D41(":(&/01"17".7**+&:712/2("94+"(3(*D0"&4&"I-'/37&" (G7&6" 94+" :(&0" ,7-41'(*/(3+1'+" *+.-4/2(" >" :*(.'/.(127" 143+*7&(&" 7)*(&" 2+" .(*/2(2?" r/'(" :+*'+1+.E("("-("F7C*(2E("2+"-("V/*D+1"2+"-("d7,+1("7"2+-"@/-+1./76".737"-("3(>7*E("2+"-7&"(.'7*+&">" (.'*/.+&">":+*&71(&"-/'+*('(&"2+"L(2*/2?"" r+'/*(2(" 2+" -(" +&.+1(" -(" +3/1+1'+" r/'(" ]41(6" &+" :+1&0" +1" F7-+'(6" 57,+1" 2/&.E:4-(" &4>(6" :(*(" Sj" "


&4&'/'4/*-(?"L(*E("F7-+'("H(*.E("H72E1+J"2+"W(J"+*("3(2*/-+G(6"2+"C(3/-/("8/2(-D(6"+1"-("94+"5(3;&" 84)7".73+2/(1'+&?"%1"-("'+3:7*(2("!`jjb!TRR"C4+".71'*('(2(":7*"-(".73:(GE("2+"]4/&"d(,(**76" +1"-("94+"/)("2+":*/3+*("(.'*/J"r/'("]41(6"("-("94+"&4&'/'4>0"+1",(*/(&"7.(&/71+&?" " a4*(1'+"-("/1,(&/01"C*(1.+&("g!TRTb!T!$h6":*+C/*/0"-(".(-3("2+"L;-(D(">"(94E"&+"'*(&-(20"(",/,/*"-(" '*(194/-/2(2""2+-"L+2/'+**;1+76"(:(*'(2("2+"-7&"'*(&'7*17&">"*+,4+-'(&"94+"+1"-("V/--(">"F7*'+"&+" :(2+.E(1?"a+"(94E"&+"'*(&-(20"("F(**('*(.(6"341/./:/7".+*.(176":(*(")4&.(*"(-/,/7"("&4&"27-+1./(&6" >6"3;&"'(*2+6"("Y7-+276"2+&2+"2712+"'*(&-(20"2+"41(",+J"&4"*+&/2+1./("(-"r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r/'(" ]41(?" d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r/'("]41("C-7*+./0"+1"'/+3:7&"2+"D*(1"2+.(2+1./("-/'+*(*/(6"41("A:7.("+1" 94+"+-"'+('*7"+&'()("(,(&(--(27":7*"2*(3('4*D7&"3+2/7.*+&?"%*("&7*:*+12+1'+",+*-("2+&.7--(*"+1" -("+&.+1(6":7*"-("&+1./--+J">"-("1('4*(-/2(2"2+"-("+<:*+&/016"+1"417&"'/+3:7&"+1"94+"273/1()("+-" 3(-"D4&'7">"-("+<(D+*(./01"+<'*(,(D(1'+?" " ](" 94+" --+D0" (" &+*" .71&/2+*(2(" .737" 41(" É:*/1.+&(" *72+(2(" 2+" .73+2/(1'+&Ñ6" +&(" (.'*/J" 94+" &+G7*+0" &4" (*'+" >" &4" )/+1" 8(.+*" +&.A1/.7" +1" 41(" A:7.(" 2712+" :*+&/2E(" -(" ,4-D(*/2(26" +&(" 345+*" C/1(" >" 1('4*(-" 2712+" -(&" 8(>(6" 2+" :*+&'/D/7" >" *+&:+'(2(" :7*" '727" +-" 341276" +&(" (*'/&'(" 94+" C4+" .(4&(127"+1,/2/(&":7*"2712+"/)(":7*"&4":*7C+&/71(-/2(2"/11('("&+"--(30"r/'("]41(">"8()E("1(./27" +1"L;-(D(?"r/'("]41(6"+1"+C+.'76":(&0":7*"-7&"3+57*+&"'+('*7&"2+"%&:(G(">":72*E("8()+*"--+D(27" 3;&"(--;"&/"17"84)/+*("2+5(27"-("+&.+1("("'(1"'+3:*(1("+2(2?"d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`R" "


.4+*:76"+1'*+"!T!N">"!T!S?" W7*"-7"94+"-4+D7"7.4**/06"&+"&4:71+"94+"+-"7'*7"*+'*('7"84)7"2+"&+*"É3;&"(-+D*+Ñ"94+"+-":*/3+*7?" @+" '/+1+" .71&'(1./(" 2+" 94+6" +1'*+" -7&" 37'/,7&" 94+" (:(*+.E(1" :-(&3(27&" +1" +-" -/+1J76" r/'(" &+" &/'4()("+1"+-".(3:76"+1"41"*I&'/.7"(&/+1'76">"(-"-(27"&4>7"41":+**7"94+"-(2*()(?"B"&4":/+6"(:(*+.E(" +&.*/'7" 2+" 3(17" 2+-" (4'7*n" É]7&" :+**7&" -(2*(1" (" -(" ]41(6" :7*94+" 17" -(" :4+2+1" 37*2+*Ñ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d7" &+" &()+" 94A" *+37*2/3/+1'7&" :72*E(" '*(+*-+" (" -(" 3+37*/(?" " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " "#$%#&'()*+),!! 8'':nookkk?(12(-4./(?..o,/,(o345+*o345+*-?8'3-ä]ZdB" 8'':nookkk?D/)*(-C(*7?43(?+&o)/7D*(C/(&o:(Dv!S[T?8'3" "

`!" "


MARÍ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m/l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jR" >" 94+" &4" 3(2*+" C4+" L(*E(" X(**(&(" >" &4" :(2*+" P+*1(127" 2+" _(>(&" >" @7'73(>7*?"W+*7"17"8(>".+*'+J("*+&:+.'7"(-"-4D(*">"C+.8("2+"C(--+./3/+1'7":4+&6"(4194+"+</&'+1" 27&":(*'/2(&"2+"2+C41./01"("173)*+"2+"L(*E("2+"_(>(&6"41("2+-"!j"2+"+1+*7"2+"!SS!">"-("7'*("2+" #S"2+"17,/+3)*+"2+"!SSj6"1/1D41(".7**+&:712+"("-("17,+-/&'(?"@4":(2*+"C4+".(:/';1"2+"/1C(1'+*E(6" &/*,/0".737".()(--+*7"(-".712+"2+"]+37&6"*(J01":7*"-(".4(-"&+"&4:71+"94+"-("C(3/-/("_(>(&"2+)/0" &+D4/*"(-"F712+"(-",/**+/1('7"2+"d;:7-+&?"%1"!S#T"7)'4,7"+-"8;)/'7"2+"-("K*2+1"2+"@(1'/(D76"-7"94+" &/D1/C/.(6"+1'*+"7'*(&".7&(&6"94+"-("C(3/-/(":+*'+1+./0"("-("17)-+J("3+17*">"94+"_(>(&".717.E("-(&" *+D-(&"2+"+&'("K*2+1"371;&'/.(?"K'*7&"-4D(*+&"2712+"&+".*++"94+"*+&/2/0"&71"_(*(D7J(6":7*94+"(--E" &+":4)-/.(":(*'+"2+"&4"7)*(6"@+,/--("7"H*(1(2(?"B&/3/&37"&+"&4:71+"94+",/,/0"+1"X(*.+-71(6"&/")/+1" +&'+"2('7"+&';"*+&:(-2(27":7*"-(&"/1,+&'/D(./71+&"94+"*+(-/J0"X*7k1"Å+11+'8"+1"'7*17"(-"A"T,'".# !"#go#!"#',+F%#!"#gjKL"2+-":7+'(")(*.+-71A&"P*(1.+&.""P71'(1+--("2+"2712+"Å+11+'8"2+24.+"94+" -("+&.*/'7*("*+&/2/0"+1"X(*.+-71("+1"!SN$?"K'*7&"2('7&"*+-('/,7&"("-(":4)-/.(./01"2+"(-D41(&"7)*(&6" -+"--+,(1"("(C/*3(*"94+"*+D*+&0"("X(*.+-71("+1"!SN`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`#" "


41"3/&37"+5+n"+-"C+3/1/&37":*+"372+*176"-("(.'/'42"C+3/1/&'("2+"_(>(&?"B&E6"8(>"94/+1+&"2+24.+1" 2+"-7"94+".71&/2+*(1"2('7&"(4'7)/7D*;C/.7&"94+6"-7"94+"34+,+"("-("(4'7*(6"+&")/+1"41"2+&+1D(G7" :+*&71(-6" 41" (1'/3(.8/&376" 7" 41(" /2+7-7DE(" C+3/1/&'(?" W7*" &4" :(*'+6" 94/+1+&" /1,+&'/D(1" -(" D+1+(-7DE("2+-"C+3/1/&376"8(.+1"41(".*E'/.("-/'+*(*/("2+&2+"-(":+*&:+.'/,("C+3/1/&'(6"&+G(-(127"-(" 2+141./("94+"8(.+"-("(4'7*("2+"-("7:*+&/01"94+"&4C*+1"-(&"345+*+&">"2+-"'*('7"94+"*+./)+1"2+"-7&" 873)*+&?"" a4*(1'+"&4"+&'(1./("+1"_(*(D7J(":4)-/.0"-(":*/3+*(":(*'+"2+"&4&"4%5"$,&#,'%+%&,&#B#"G"'9$,+"&#%# Q"1,'"+P.#"&9,J%$"g!S$`h6"41"D*4:7"2+"2/+J"17,+-(&".7*'+&(1(&"94+"(1(-/J("-7&"+&'*('7&"&7./(-+&" &4:+*/7*+&"2+"&4"A:7.(">"+1"-("94+"&+":+*./)+"/1C-4+1./("2+"L/D4+-"2+"F+*,(1'+&?" a+-" Q"1,'"+P." 2+" H/7,(11/" X7..(../7" '73(" -(" C0*34-(" 2+" 41(" *+41/01" :7*" .4-:(" 2+" 41(" +1C+*3+2(2"g+1",+J"2+"-(":+&'+6"41(&".4(*'(1(&"2+"]/&/&h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gX(*.+-71(6" !SN`h" >" 8,+*"# &"?3.!,# !"$# <,+,%#B#".*+"*".0'0".*%&#=%."&*%&"g!SNjh6"*++2/'(27&".737"Q"&".?,J%&#,'%+%&%&?"%&'+"&+D4127" D*4:7"2+"17,+-(&"/1'+1&/C/.("-7&"(*D43+1'7&"'*4.4-+1'7&">"+&.()*7&7&?" F73:4&7" (2+3;&" -(" .73+2/(" @,# *+,010P.# ".# $,# ,'0&*,!?" @+" .71&+*,(1" (2+3;&" (-D41(&" :7+&E(&" &4>(&" +1" 2/,+*&(&" (1'7-7DE(&" gX7'+--76" L71'(-);16" F4+,(&6" a+-" F(&'/--7" 7" -(" 2,',# 8P&*3'," 2+2/.(2("("]7:+"2+"V+D(h6"(4194+"2+"3+17&".(-/2(2"94+""&4":*7&(?" F737"1(**(27*("-+".(*(.'+*/J("41("D*(1"C4+*J(?"%&"2+"41("C*+&.4*(">"17,+2(2"&/1":*+.+2+1'+&"1/" '(3:7.7" +:ED717&?" Y/+1+" 2+" &4" A:7.(" +-" D4&'7" :7*" -(" ,/7-+1./(6" -(" .*4+-2(26" -(" 3(D/(" >" -7&" +1.(1'(3/+1'7&?"]("37*(-"+1"+--("17"+&"37*(-+5("&/17"+&.(*3/+1'7?"d/"(87**("+:/&72/7&":/.(*+&.7&" .4>(" .*42+J(" 17" 2+&3+*+.+" 2+-" -3&1P." 94+,+2+&.76" 1/" 94+2(" ('*;&" +1" +-" .4-'/,7" 2+" -(" 17,+-(" )/J(1'/1("("-("F+*,(1'/1("+1"7'*7&".737"@,#/3"+F,#!"$#,'%+"7":$#9+"5".0!%#".?,J,!%?"W+*7"94/J;&" -7"94+"3;&"&7*:*+12+"+1"+--("+&"-("2+&+1,7-'4*(".71"94+"&+".73:7*'(1"-7&":+*&71(5+&"C+3+1/17&" +1"+-"(&:+.'7"&+<4(-">"(3('7*/7?"a+&2+"-("94+":+*&/D4+"("41"873)*+"94+",+":7*"+-")(-.01"8(&'("-(" 94+" D4(*2(" 41" (3(1'+" 1+D*7" +1" +-" +&'()-7" 8(&'(" 2+,7*(*-7" &+<4(-3+1'+6" É(1'+&" 2+" /1C/1/'7&" (24-'+*/7&Ñ?"%&'7"C4+"-(".(4&("2+"94+"+1"+-"UVMMM6"-("M194/&/./01":*78/)/+*("*++2/'(*"&4&"17,+-(&?" B-"8/-7"2+"2/;-7D7&"&7)*+"-7&"2/&'/1'7&"1(**(27*+&"+1"'7*17"("-("2/&.*+'("]/&/&6"L(*E("2+"_(>(&".*/'/.(" .71" -(" 3/&3(" -/)+*'(2" 94+" 34+&'*(1" &4&" :+*&71(5+&" -(" /2+(" 2+" -(" A:7.(" (.+*.(" 2+" -(" 871*(" >" -(" ,/*'426"94+6"+1"&4"7:/1/016"'(1'7":+*542/.()(1"("-(&"345+*+&?"B&E6"+1"41("C*(&+"94+"*+.4+*2("-(&"2+" `$" "


@7*"O4(1("M1A&"2+"-("F*4J6"2/.+"]/&/&"("41"D(-;1"94+":*7.-(3()("&4"2+&+7"2+"+1.71'*(*"345+*"'71'(" >"871*(2(n" ÉS#X1P'%#&,>+V#&"+#=%.+,!,#$,#R3"#.%#&,>"#".#R3E#1%.&0&*"#"$#&"+$%YÑ" a+" -(" )4*-(" :/.(*+&.(6" 94+" 273/1(" -(" :*/3+*(" &+*/+" 17,+-+&.(6" :(&(" +1" -(" &+D412(" (-" 37'/,7" )(**7.7" :7*" +<.+-+1./(n" +-" a+&+1D(G76" 94+" +&" (" ,+.+&" .7117'(./01" 2+" -(" /154&'(" )4*-(" 2+" -(&" 345+*+&":7*"-7&"873)*+&">6"+1"7'*(&6"+<:*+&/01"27-7*/2(">".(&/"3+'(CE&/.("2+"-("/3:7&/)/-/2(2"2+" -7&"&+<7&":(*(",/,/*"-+(-3+1'+">"+1"(*371E(6"'(1"2/&'/1'(&"&71"-(&"C4+*J(&"94+"-7&"D7)/+*1(1?"%1"@,# "&1$,5,#!"#&3#,',.*"6"@,#0.%1".10,#1,&*0?,!,6":$#5"+!3?%#!"#&3#"&9%&,"7"6,$#9+"&,?0%#1,&,+#$"G%&6" 41"8(27"&/1/+&'*7"273/1("-(&",/./&/'42+&"(37*7&(&?"a+"-(".(*.(5(2("+1":$#1,&*0?%#!"#$,#'0&"+0,#&+" :(&(" (" -(" 3+-(1.7-E(" >" +-" :+&(*" 2+" :&*+,?%&# R3"# 1,3&,# "$# 5010%6" I-'/3(" 1(**(./01" >" 2+&:+2/2(" (:(*+1'+"2+"-("(4'7*(?"d7"8(>"2/D1/2(2"+1"+-"(37*n" XI3E# 'V&# !"&".?,J%# ,?3,+!V0&# R3"# "$# !"&!%+%# !"# 53"&*+,# /,',# ".# ',.%&# !"# $%&# =%'>+"&Y`NNNa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n" S%(#1%'%#.%#*+,0?%#9+%9P&0*%#!"#1,.%.0F,+'"#9%+#>0".#".*".!0!,(#&0.%#9%+#>3".,#!"&".?,J,!%+,(# "&# $%# 10"+*%# R3"(# .0# ".# $%# =,>$,!%# .0# ".# $%# R3"# =,>$,+E# ="# >3&1,!%# +,F%."&# +"*P+01,&# .0# 13$*,&(# 9%+R3"#,!"'V&#!"#&"+#3.#$".?3,G"#R3"#1%.#"T*+"'%#,>%++"F1%(#R3"++C,#R3"#'"#".*".!0"&".#*%!%&(# "$#13$*%#B#"$#$"?%#`NNNa#S#,&C#="#9+%13+,!%#=,>$,+#".#"$#0!0%',#R3"#'0#.,*3+,$#'"#".&"J,#B#,9+".!C#!"# '0&#9,!+"&(#R3"#$%#!"'V&#"&#3.,#&%/0&*"+C,#".#R3"#=,.#!,!%#$%&#"&1+0*%+"&#9%+#!0/"+".10,+&"#!"#$%&# !"'V&(#B#!01".#,#5"1"&#1%&,&#R3"#"$$%&#'0&'%&#.%#$,&#".*0".!".N#X;P'%#$,&#".*".!"+V.#$%&#!"'V&# &0.%#".#!010".!%(#1%'%#,$?3.,&#5"1"&#'"#=,#&31"!0!%#,#'C(#R3"(#1,.&,!%#"$#&".*0!%#9%+#&,>"+#R3E# R30"+"# !"10+# B# .%# &,1,.!%# /+3*%# !"# '0# /,*0?,(# !0?%U# p63B# >3".%# !">"# !"# &"+(# 93"&# R3"# B%# .%# $%# ".*0".!%p?" " " " `N" "


AUTORES QUE HACEN REFERENCIAS A LA OBRA DE MARÍA DE ZAYAS

Joan Pere Fontanella O7(1" W+*+" P71'(1+--(" :7+'(" 2+-" X(**7.7" .('(-;16" -+>0" 41" A"T,'".6" 41(" &;'/*(" -/'+*(*/(" +1" ,+*&76" :(*(" 41(" 2+" -(&" (.'/,/2(2+&" 7*D(1/J(2(&" :7*" -(" B.(2+3/(" 2+" @(1'7" Y73;&" 2+" B94/176" 2+" X(*.+-71(?" @/D4/+127" -(" .7&'43)*+6" +-" :7+'(" 2+)E(" .*+(*" 41" 34127" C(1';&'/.7" 94+" C4+*(" +-" :*+'+<'7" :(*(" :72+*" -4+D7" &('/*/J(*" (" -7&" &7./7&" +" /1,/'(27&?" %1" +&'(" 7.(&/016" -7&" */2/.4-/J(27&" C4+*71" -7&" :7+'(&" .71'+3:7*;1+7&" 2+" P71'(1+--(6" L(*E(" 2+" _(>(&" +&'()(" +1'*+" +--7&?" Å+11+'8" X*7k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

Lope de Vega ]7:+" 2+" V+D(" -(" +-7D/(" +1" -(" &/-,(" VMMM" 2+" &4" :$# $,3+"$# !"# D9%$%6" (" -7" 94+" +--(" .7**+&:712/0" 873+1(5+;127-7" +1" 41" &71+'7?" É@/)/-(" 2+" L(2*/2Ñ" -(" --(3(" +1" @,# ],+!3J,# !"# <"50$$," B-71&7" 2+" F(&'/--7"@7-0*J(17n" :.#"&*%&#*0"'9%&#$31"#B#1,'9",#1%.#/"$01"&#$,3+%&#"$#0.?".0%#!"#!%J,#6,+C,#!"#q,B,&#B#<%*%',B%+(# R3"# 1%.# G3&*%# *C*3$%# =,# '"+"10!%# "$# .%'>+"# !"# <0>0$,# !"# 6,!+0!(# ,!R30+0!%# 9%+# &3&# ,!'0+,>$"&# 5"+&%&(# 9%+# &3# /"$01"# 0.?".0%# B# ?+,.# 9+3!".10,(# =,>0".!%# &,1,!%# !"# $,# "&*,'9,# 3.# $0>+%# !"# gh# .%5"$,&# R3"# &%.# gh# ,&%'>+%&# 9,+,# $%&# R3"# "&1+0>".# !"&*"# ?E."+%(# 93"&# $,# '"!0*,!,# 9+%&,(# "$# ,+*0/010%#!"$$,&#B#$%&#5"+&%&#R3"#0.*"+9%$,(#"&#*%!%#*,.#,!'0+,>$"(#R3"#,1%>,+!,#$,&#'V&#5,$0".*"&# 9$3',&#!"#.3"&*+,#:&9,J," `[" "


Emilia Pardo Bazán a4*(1'+" -(*D7" '/+3:7" 7)&.4*+./2(" :7*" -(" .*E'/.(6" %3/-/(" W(*27" X(J;1" *+/,/12/.0" &4" 7)*(6" 2+C/1/2(" .737" :/.(*+&.(" 2+" -(" (-'(" &7./+2(2" 2+-" @/D-7" 2+" K*7?" a7G(" %3/-/(" W(*27" X(J;1" ./'()(" (-D417&" :(&(5+&"&4>7&"&7)*+"&4"C+3/1/&37n" :.#$,#"+,#R3"#1%++"#"&*,'%&#1%.#*,.#,!5"+&,#%90.0P.#1%.#$%&#=%'>+"&(#R3"#.0#1%.#"$#&3/+0'0".*%#$%&# 5".1"'%&# .0# 1%.# $,# 1%.10".10,# $%&# %>$0?,'%&N# `NNNa# X8%+# R3E(# 5,.%&# $"?0&$,!%+"&# !"$# '3.!%(# ,*V0&# .3"&*+,&#',.%&#9,+,#$,#5".?,.F,(#0'9%&0>0$0*,.!%#.3"&*+,&#/3"+F,&#1%.#53"&*+,&#/,$&,&#%90.0%."&(# 93"&# .%&# ."?V0&# $"*+,&# B# ,+',&Y# X43"&*+,# ,$',# .%# "&# $,# '0&',# R3"# $,# !"# $%&# =%'>+"&Y# `NNNa# 8%+# *"."+.%&# &3G"*,&# !"&!"# R3"# .,10'%&(# 5,0&# "./$,R3"10".!%# .3"&*+,&# /3"+F,&# 1%.# *"'%+"&# !"# $,# =%.+,(# B# "$# ".*".!0'0".*%# 1%.# "$# +"1,*%# !"# $,# 5"+?r".F,(# !V.!%.%&# 9%+# "&9,!,&# +3"1,&(# B# 9%+# $0>+%&#,$'%=,!0$$,&" W(*(" L(*E(" 2+" _(>(&6" p$,&# ,$',&# .%# &%.# =%'>+"&# .0# '3G"+"&p?" %*(" 34>" (C/./71(2(" (" -(" -+.'4*(6" .737"2/.+"+1"+-":*0-7D7"pB-"94+"-+>+*+p"2+"4%5"$,&#,'%+%&,&#B#"G"'9$,+"&n" XI3E# +,FP.# =,B# 9,+,# R3"# .%# *".?,'%&# 9+%.*0*3!# 9,+,# $%&# $0>+%&Y# S# 'V&# &0# *%!,&# *0".".# '0# 0.1$0.,10P.(#R3"#".#50".!%#13,$R30"+,#.3"5%#%#,.*0?3%#!"G%#$,#,$'%=,!0$$,#B#.%#&%&0"?%#=,&*,#R3"# $"#9,&%"

Una lectura feminista de la obra de María de Zayas %-"C+3/1/&37":*+"372+*17"+&6"+1"-("D+1+(-7DE("2+-"C+3/1/&376"41":*/3+*")-794+"8/&'0*/.7"+1"+-" (:(*+.+1" -(&" e:*/3+*(&" :7-A3/.(&" C+3/1/&'(&f" >" &+" (*'/.4-(16" '(1'7" +1" -(" '+7*E(" .737" +1" -(" :*;.'/.(6" 41" .71541'7" .78+*+1'+" 2+" *+/,/12/.(./71+&6" :(*(" .4>7" -7D*7" &+" 7*D(1/J(1" -(&" 345+*+&?" B12*+("X-(194A6"./'(127"("@(12*("P7(6"&/'I("-("7)*("2+"L(*E("2+"_(>(&"+1"-(":7-A3/.("e3/&7D/1/(b C+3/1/&37":*+"372+*17p?"](&"2+141./(&"94+"8(.+1"-(&":*7'(D71/&'(&"2+"&4&"17,+-(&"'/+1+1"41(" C/1(-/2(2" 2+" .(3)/7" &7./(-" :(*(" -7" 94+" 17" +&" &4C/./+1'+" +1'*+'+1+*?" _(>(&" /1&/&'+" +1" 94+" &71" ,+*2(2+&"-7"94+"&+"*+-('(6"+1"-("&+D412(":(*'+"2+"&4"7)*("94+"--(3("pa+&+1D(G7&p?"@71",+*2(2+&" :(*(" +-" 2+&+1D(G7?" %1" +-" 3/&37" &+1'/276" L(*E(" O7&A" L(*'E1+J" H/*016" 94+" .71&/2+*(" 94+" L(*E(" _(>(&"+&"41("C+3/1/&'("(:(&/71(2(6"(C/*3("94+":*+'+12+"--(3(*"-("('+1./01"&7)*+"-(&"-/3/'(./71+&" 94+"-("&7./+2(2"2+"&4"'/+3:7"/3:71E("("-(&"345+*+&?"W7*"+&7"2+&+(".71,+1.+*"2+"94+"&4&"8/&'7*/(&" &71"+C+.'/,(3+1'+",+*E2/.(&6">("94+"2+"-7".71'*(*/7":+*2+*E(1"-(".712/./01"2+"(,/&7">"+1&+G(1J(" 94+":*+'+12+"2(*-+&?"" r7&(" d(,(*(*7" (1(-/J(" +1" -(" 7)*(" 2+" L(*E(" _(>(&6" -(&" 2+&.*/:./71+&" 2+" -(" )+--+J(" >" 8+*37&4*(" C+3+1/1(">"'727"-7"94+"("+&'("/2+("2+")+--+J("&+"-+"8("('*/)4/276".737".(4&("2+"'727&"-7&"3(-+&" &7./(-+&?"d7"7)&'(1'+6":7*"41"-(276"_(>(&"&+"+&C4+*J("+1"(2,+*'/*"("-(&"345+*+&"94+"&71",E.'/3(&"2+" `S" "


-7&" +1D(G7&" 2+" -7&" 873)*+&?" W7*" 7'*7" -(276" (" '*(,A&" 2+" 7'*(" 2+" -(&" 1(**(27*(&" 2+" &4&" 17,+-(&6" _(>(&" (C/*3(" *+&:+.'7" (" -7&" (C+/'+&" 2+" -(&" 345+*+&" 94+n" p:4+&" 17" 8(>" 242(" 94+" &/" 17" &+" 2/+*(1" '(1'7" (" -(" .73:7&'4*(6" (C+3/1;127&+" 3;&" 94+" 1('4*(-+J(" -(&" (C+3/106" >" .737" +1" -4D(*" 2+" (:-/.(*&+"("54D(*"-(&"(*3(&">"("+&'42/(*"-(&"./+1./(&6"+&'42/(1"+1".*/(*"+-".()+--7">"3('/J(*"+-"*7&'*76" >(":42/+*("&+*"94+":(&(*(1"+1"'727"("-7&"873)*+&p" %1"7:/1/01"2+"r7&("d(,(**76"-("8+*37&("P/-/&6"94+"+&"-("1(**(27*("2+-"a+&+1D(G7".4(*'76"+1.(*1(" -(",7J"(:(&/71(2("2+"L(*E("2+"_(>(&".4(127"2/.+n"a+"3(1+*("94+"17",7>"C4+*("2+".(3/17"+1"94+" -7&"873)*+&"2+"'+37*">"+1,/2/("-(&":*/,(1"2+"-(&"-+'*(&">"-(&"(*3(&6".737"8(.+1"-7&"37*7&"("-7&" .*/&'/(17&"94+"8(1"2+"&+*,/*"2712+"8(>"345+*+&6"94+"-7&"8(.+1"+414.7&":7*"+&'(*"&+D4*7&"2+"+--7&?" B86" 2(3(&" 8+*37&(&6" 94A" 7&" :42/+*(" 2+./*6" &/" &4:/+*(" 94+" .737" &7>" 7E2(" 17" 8()E(" 2+" &+*" 34*34*(2(Ä" %(6" 2+5+37&" -(&" D(-(&6" *7&(&" >" */J7&6" >" ,7-,(37&" :7*" 17&7'*(&n" 41(&6" .71" +-" +1'+12/3/+1'76">"7'*(&6".71"-(&"(*3(&Ä" r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e'727"+&"/1,+1'(27f6"94+"-(":*+'+12/2(",+*2(2"+&"41"'0:/.7"3;&6":*7:/7"2+-"DA1+*7" -/'+*(*/7" 94+" 3+J.-(" -7" 3;D/.7" >" -7" &7)*+1('4*(-" :*+&+1';127-7" .737" *+(-?" B3)(&" .*E'/.(&" &71" .71'+&'(2(&":7*"B12*+("X-(194A"/12/.(127"-7&"&+&D7&"2+*/,(27&"2+-".*717".+1'*/&37">"(:-/.(127" -("8+*3+1A4'/.("2+"-("&7&:+.8("+1"+&+"/1'+*A&"e2+3(&/(27"(D427f":7*"1+D(*"-(",+*(./2(2"2+"-7&" *+-('7&?"M1&/&'+"X-(194A"+1"94+"+&(&",+*2(2+&"-(&".4+1'("L(*E("2+"_(>(&":(*("37&'*(*"+-"+1D(G7" 2+"-(",+*&/01"7C/./(-"2+"-7&"8+.87&6"94+".4-:("2+"'727&"-7&"3(-+&"("-("345+*?" W7*"&4":(*'+6"K-/,("X-(1.7"F7*457"*+&(-'("2+"-("7)*("2+"L(*E("2+"_(>(&6"-7&"(&:+.'7&"+1"-7&"94+"&+" (2+-(1'(" (" -(" 2+C+1&(" 2+" -(&" 345+*+&" :-(1'+(2(&" :7*" P+/577" +1" &4" a/&.4*&7" +1" 2+C+1&(" 2+" -(&" 345+*+&?"]("(4'7*("2+-"Q"1,'"+P.#"&9,J%$"2+141./0"-("/154&'/./("2+"94+"("-(&"345+*+&"17"&+"-+&" 2/+*(1" +&'42/7&n" ???:7*94+" -(&" (-3(&" 17" &71" 873)*+&" 1/" 345+*+&" Ç94A" *(J01" 8(>" :(*(" 94+" +--7&" &+(1"&()/7&">"17&7'*(&"17":72(37&"&+*-7?" "#$%#&'()*+),! 8'':&noo+&?k/l/:+2/(?7*Dok/l/o3(*/(v2+vJ(>(&" " " " ``" "


JOSEFA ZAPATA CÁRDENAS [1822-?] y

MARGARITA PÉREZ DE CELIS Y TORHBANH [1840?-1882] %-" 173)*+" 2+" +&'(&" 27&" D(2/'(1(&" +&';" +&'*+.8(3+1'+" *+-(./71(27" .71" -(" (:(*/./01" 2+" -7&" :*/3+*7&" :*7141./(3/+1'7&" C+3/1/&'(&" +1" -(" :*+1&(" 2+-" &/D-7" UMU" +1" %&:(G(?" @4&" )/7D*(CE(&" &71" /3:7&/)-+&" 2+" &+:(*(*" :7*" -7&" :7.7&" 2('7&" :+*&71(-+&" 94+" &+" '/+1+1" 2+" (3)(&?" ](" )/7D*(CE(" .71541'("*+&:712+"("-("*+(-/2(2"2+"41("+</&'+1./("+1".73I1"94+"D+1+*(*;"41(".73:-/./2(2"+1'*+" +--(&" (" -(" 87*(" 2+" ()7*2(*" -(&" +3:*+&(&" +2/'7*/(-+&" 94+" (C*71'(*71" (" -7" -(*D7" 2+" &4&" ,/2(&?" @4&" 2('7&",/'(-+&"&71"2/CE./-+&"2+"*(&'*+(*">("94+"&71":7.7&"-7&",+&'/D/7&":+*&71(-+&"+1.71'*(27&"+1"+-" .71541'7"2+"C4+1'+&"2/&:71/)-+&?"" ](" 3(>7*" 2+" -(&" 27&6" Ly" O7&+C(" _(:('(" F;*2+1(&6" :(*+.+" 94+" 1(./0" 8(./(" !T##b!T#$?" B" -7&" #$" (G7&6"+2/'("-7&":*/3+*7&",+*&7&"94+".717.+37&"+1"*7'('/,7&"-/'+*(*/7&"2+"-("-7.(-/2(2?"@0-7"94+6"+1" +-" .(&7" 2+" Ly" O7&+C(" _(:('(6" +-" 2+&+1D(G7" >" -(" C*4&'*(./01" 54&'/C/.(*E(1" +-" -(*D7" &/-+1./7" 2+" 2/+J" (G7&"94+"3+2/(1"8(&'("&4"*+(:(*/./01"-/'+*(*/("+1"!T[[6">("541'7"("L(*D(*/'("WA*+J"2+"F+-/&6"+1"-(" +2/./01" 2+" -7&" W+1&/-+&?" W*+&43/)-+3+1'+" +-" '/+3:7" 94+" (1'+.+2+" (" &4" (3/&'(2" >" .7-()7*(./01" +&'*+.8(" .71" L(*D(*/'(6" +&';1" 3(*.(27&" :7*" -(" 34+*'+" 2+" &4&" :(2*+&6" +1" !T[N" (" .(4&(" 2+" -(" +:/2+3/(" 2+" .0-+*(" 94+" (J7'0" +1" +&(" C+.8(" (-" :(E&6" >" +1" .4>7" &7&'A1" &+" 8()E(" .71,+*'/27?" @4" .73:(G+*("2+&2+"+1'71.+&"&+*E("L(*D(*/'("WA*+J"2+"F+-/&">"Y78*)(81?"B-D7"3;&"57,+1">"'(3)/A1" D(2/'(1(?"B":(*'/*"2+"!T[S"+2/'(1"%-"W+1&/-"H(2/'(176")(57"-("2/*+../01"2+"-(":*7:/("L(*D(*/'(6".71" .7-()7*(./71+&" 94+" 2(1" +-" '717" C74*/+*/&'(" (-" *7'('/,7" 94+" .717.+*E(" 41(" &+D412(" A:7.(" (-" (G7" &/D4/+1'+".737"%-"W+1&/-"2+"M)+*/(?"](&"2/C/.4-'(2+&"+.7103/.(&">"2+".+1&4*("8/./+*71"94+"-(",/2(" 2+-" :+*/02/.7" +&'4,/+&+" &73+'/2(" (" (:(*/./71+&" >" 2+&(:(*/./71+&" .71'/14(&" >" (" .(3)/7&" +1" +-" 'E'4-7?"W(&(27&"417&"(G7&"*+(:(*+.+*;".71"+-"173)*+"2+"]("X4+1("d4+,(".71&/D4/+1276"+&'(&"27&" 345+*+&6"3(1'+1+*"&4"+2/./01"(:+1(&"417&"3+&+&?"" d4+,(3+1'+":*7)-+3(&"C/1(1./+*7&">"2+".+1&4*("8(*;1"94+"+-"*7'('/,7"&+("&4&:+12/27"("-7&"2/+J" 1I3+*7&":4)-/.(27&?"" %1" '727" +&'+" '/+3:7" &+" 7)&+*,(" 94+" &4&" +&.*/'7&" .71'/+1+1" 41" .73:*73/&7" &7./(-" +1" 27&" ,+*'/+1'+&n":7*"41"-(27"+&"*+.4**+1'+"-("2+141./("2+"-(&"2/C+*+1./(&"+1'*+":7)*+&">"*/.7&"94+"41(" &7./+2(2".(:/'(-/&'("/1./:/+1'+"(.+1'I("2+"C7*3(".71'*(&'()-+">6":7*"7'*76"-(&".*E'/.(&"("-("&7./+2(2" )4*D4+&(" &+" .+1'*(1" +&:+./(-3+1'+" +1" -(&" /154&'/./(&" .73+'/2(&" :*/1./:(-3+1'+" .71'*(" -(&" 345+*+&6"-("C(-'("2+"*+.717./3/+1'7"2+"-(".(:(./2(2"/1'+-+.'4(-"2+"-(&"3/&3(&6"-("(4&+1./("2+"41(" ,+*2(2+*(" +24.(./016" -(" 27)-+" 37*(-" >" -(" 2+D*(2(./01" 94+" /1'*724.+" +-" 3('*/371/7" :7*" `T" "


.71,+1/+1./(6" (&E" .737" -(&" /154&'/./(&" .73+'/2(&" .71'*(" -(" 345+*" '*()(5(27*(?" @4" 2+C+1&(" 2+" -7&" 2+*+.87&"2+"-(&"345+*+&":71+"+-"(.+1'7"+1"-(".71&+.4./01"2+"41"14+,7"372+-7"&7./(-6"3;&"54&'7"+" /D4(-/'(*/7?" d7" *+.-(3(1" :(*(" &E6" +1" +<.-4&/,(6" -7&" )+1+C/./7&" 94+" +-" .71541'7" &7./(-" :4+2(" *+.717.+*" +1" 27&" 345+*+&" 2+" '(-+1'7" 2+37&'*(276" &/17" 94+" *+/,/12/.(1" -(" -4.8(" :7-E'/.(" 94+" .7124./*;"("-(&"345+*+&"8(./("-("+3(1./:(./01".7-+.'/,(?""d7"+&"2/CE./-"*+-(./71(*"+&'("&+1&/)/-/2(2" :7*" -(&" :*/1./:(-+&" /154&'/./(&" &7./(-+&" .73+'/2(&" .71'*(" -(&" 345+*+&" >" -(" .-(&+" '*()(5(27*(" &/" (:+-(37&"("&4&":*7:/(&".712/./71+&"2+",/2(6"-(&"2/C/.4-'(2+&"+.7103/.(&"+*(1"-("*+(-/2(2".7'/2/(1(" 2+" +--(&" 3/&3(&?" r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y"O7&+C("_(:('("&+"8()E("94+2(27":*;.'/.(3+1'+"./+D(">"+1"!TS$6" +-" +2/'7*" *+&:71&()-+" 2+-" :+*/02/.7" 3(2*/-+G7" ](" V/7-+'(6" 2()(" (" .717.+*" &4&" :+1(-/2(2+&" +.7103/.(&6"()*/+127"41("&4&.*/:./01":7:4-(*":(*("(>42(*-(?"" B":(*'/*"2+"!T`["(:(*+.+"'(1"&0-7"+1"-7&":(2*71+&"&4".73:(G+*(6"L(*D(*/'("WA*+J"2+"F+-/&6"94+" '+12*;"94+",/,/*".737"./D(**+*("&4&"I-'/37&"(G7&"2+",/2("8(&'("&4"C(--+./3/+1'7"+1"!TT#6"&/+127" +1'+**(2(" +1" -(" C7&(" .73I1" 2+-" .+3+1'+*/7" D(2/'(176" 2+&'/17" I-'/37" 2+" -7&" :(*/(&" 2+" -7&" 94+" 8()-(*(" P-7*(" Y*/&';1" ã:*+.4*&7*(" 2+-" C+3/1/&37b6" &/1" 1(2(" 94+" :+*2+*" >" '727" :7*" D(1(*6" +--(&" C4+*71" '+&'/371/7" ,/,7" 2+" 41(" 27)-+" -4.8(6" ('*(,+&(2(" :7*" -7&" */D7*+&" 94+" /3:71E(" -(" .-(&+" >" +-" DA1+*7?" F717./+*71" (" -(" :+*C+../01" -(&" +<.-4&/71+&" >" -(&" /154&'/./(&" 94+" D+1+*()(1" >" :7*" +--7" -+,(1'(*71" &4" ,7J6" .71" .717./3/+1'7" 2+" .(4&(6" +1" C(,7*" 2+" -7&" 2+&8+*+2(27&6" 27)-+3+1'+" 2+&(84./(27&"&/"+*(1"345+*+&?"" "#$%#&'()*+),!! %@WMHBaK" YKFMdK6" H?6" ÉW*+.4*&7*(&" 2+" -(" :*+1&(" C+3/1/&'(" +1" %&:(G(n" L(*E(" O7&+C(" _(:('(" >" L(*D(*/'(" WA*+J"" 2+" F+-/&Ñ6" +1" V+*(6" Y+*+&(" >" r(37&6" a7-7*+&6" g+2&?h6" L45+*6" .4-'4*(" >" .7341/.(./01?"%1'*+"-("8/&'7*/(">"-("&7./+"2(2".71'+3:7*;1+(6"F7-794/7"Z1/,+*&/2(2"2+"L;-(D(6" !Rb!#"2+"3(>7"2+"!jj[6"L;-(D("a/D/'(-6"!jjT6"::?!`!b!`[?"" YBV%rB6"@?6"ÉWA*+J"2+"F+-/&">"Y7*8)(186"L(*D(*/'(Ñ6"+1"L(*'E1+J6"F;12/2(6"W(&'7*6"r+>1(6"2+"-(" W(&.4(6" Ly" O7&A" >" Y(,+*(6" @4&(1(6" L45+*+&" +1" -(" =/&'7*/(" 2+" %&:(G(?" %1./.-7:+2/(" )/7D*;C/.(6" X(*.+-71(6"W-(1+'(6"#RRR6"::?"S#TbS$R?"" H-7*/("%&:/D(27"Y7./17?"Z1/,+*&/2(2"2+"F;2/J?"" `j" "


" "

"

TR" "

Mujeres Artistas para recordar  
Mujeres Artistas para recordar  

Proyecto de la Asociación de Mujeres Kartio, subvencionado por el Instituto Andaluz de la Mujer, para visibilizar la labor de mujeres en dif...

Advertisement