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Samurai-Source “Rich Country, Strong Military” Contents Empire Strikes Back A brief introduction on Japan’s future... Page 1-2

Feb, 8th, 1868 Samurai, a protector unprotected The decline of the brave samurai... Page 3

Empire Strikes Back

-Author: Ric Tang

The Japan now as we know it,  will soon come to an end. From a  feudalis9c na9on, Japan has begun  focusing plans for their future country.  Firstly, newly Emperor Meiji will need to  clearly state his government’s inten9on  1

Editorials

Lifestyle

What do I think... Page 4

1868- Japan’s lifestyle today... Page 5

to modernize the country. Secondly, a  Cons9tu9on must be drawn up in order  to execute the Charter Oath. Thirdly, a  modern economy must be created and  established, or there will be no  modernizing for Japan. AHer all three  ac9ons are completed, the founda9on  for Japan will be firm, and it will only be a  maJer of 9me for Japan to rise up and  claim their tradi9onal honor again.  In April 1868, Emperor Meiji  declared and made clear his  government’s inten9on to modernize the  country. AHer issuing an Imperial Oath of  Fiver Ar9cles (also known as the Charter  Oath), it became in important statement  of imperial policy regarding Japanese  Reform ... con9nue on page 2

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  ...“By this oath we set up our aim the  establishment of the na9onal weal on a  broad basis and the forming of a  cons9tu9on laws.  •

Ar9cle 1‐ Delibera9ve assemblies  shall be widely established and  all maJers decided by public  discussion. Ar9cle 2‐ All classes, high and  low, shall unite in vigorously  carrying out the administra9on  of affairs of state.  Ar9cle 3‐ The common people,  no less than the civil and military  officials, shall each be allowed to  pursue his own calling so that  there will be no discontent.

Con9nuing on the steps of  moderniza9on, Japan’s first  cons9tu9on was drawn up in June  1868. The cons9tu9on was created  to bring the Charter Oath into effect  and to define the powers of the new  government and the rights of the  Japanese people. Its main features  were: •

All authority was vested  in a Council of State, or  the upper house of the  Japanese parliament,  known as the Dajokan. 

Ar9cle 5‐ Knowledge shall be  sought throughout the world so  as to strengthen the founda9ons  of imperial rule.” – Emperor Meiji

Council members were  not elected but chosen  according to noble rank. 

Ar9cle 5 of the Charter Oath was  the most important for Japan,  because it had promoted a new  policy of moderniza9on along  Western lines. 

The Delibera9ve  Assembly, or lower  house, held liJle power  and was called the  Giseikan. 

Assembly members were  elected from each clan,  city, and prefecture of  Japan. Only qualified  men could hold a seat in  the Giseikan.

Ar9cle 4‐ Evil customs of the past  shall be broken off and  everything based upon the just  laws of Nature. 

Even though young and  inexperienced, Emperor Meiji realizes  unless Japan modernized and is  protected by a strong military, the  country will forever be at the mercy  of the Western dominance. 

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For this, defense became the  main task for the Japanese; carrying  a new moJo from the ancient  Chinese ideal of “rich country; strong  military”. The first steps towards  moderniza9on are now completed. 

  AHer the Charter Oath and the  newly wriJen Cons9tu9on, Japan’s  leaders realizes that if Japan was to  become a “rich country” with a “strong  military” it must develop heavy industry,  engineering, mining and shipbuilding on  which modern military power depended.   The Meiji government is now  giving priority to developed defense    industries which could evenly match  against western military.    The fate on Japan now rests on  Emperor Meiji and his new regimes’  shoulders. The future is unclear, but the  present effort is strong. The Japanese  empire strikes back at the world!

‐Emperor Meiji posing with western  clothing.  

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Samurai, a protector unprotected? -Author: Ric Tang

The Samurai were once the most fearsome and respected warriors in the battlefield. Bushido Code: “...loyalty, frugality, mastery of martial arts, and honor unto death”

A short interview with a samurai-

Samurai: “Tradition runs deep in our veins, including yours, it cannot be truly taken away. Ric: “What is your profession, However, the Emperor has and what do you exactly do?” forgotten who he [really] is, and [had]led this once great Samurai: “I am a Samurai form the Uichi Clan. I fight for country, into a world filled Japan, and I will die protecting with greed and evil, he had dishonored his family and his it.” loyal samurais. I am a Ric: “Do you consider today’s samurai, a protector, why am i Japan the same Japan you had not protected by my own fought for?” country?” Samurai: “No, I do not. I am not willing to die for today’s Japan, for it is not Japan at all, it is a nation of disgrace.” Ric: “And why is that?”

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government had steadily stripped the samurai’s privileges they had enjoyed. Last winter, the Meiji made the wearing of swords optional and allowed men to cut off their topknots (many samurai refused to do so).

The samurai military roles were now taken away by the newly government approved conscription. ----------------------------------------- Twenty-year old conscripts are now replacing the loyal-bound The lives of the samurai. samurai has been affected Lastly, yesterday, dramatically due to Emperor Hatori Edict prohibited the Meiji and his changes. The wearing of swords in public

except on ceremonial occasions. The swords/katana of a samurai is his soul, they cannot be parted. Many samurai has token this as a great insult. Talks of rebellion has stirred around the country. If there is a war, are the samurai capable of fighting the newly conscripted imperial army?

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Editorials What do I think, on the decline of the samurai — Ric Tang

This is outrageous! If it weanrn’t for the Samurai’s, our homes would of been destroyed centuries ago. The samurai were our protectors before the westerners came about. We cannot treat them and cast them out like stray dogs!

The samurai are great warriors and I for one, will support them if there truly is a rebellion! The emperor himself must walk down his golden steps at his golden palace, and apologize to each and every samurai for such an insult!

Instead, we should invite Samurai, a protector of Japan. them into our homes and serve them tea. We should bow to them as deeply as our hips can bend and give them our sincere apology!

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Life Style/ Cartoons

- Fashion: today’s top fashion are the traditional red kimono with black trimming. This can be worn my both men and women. Popular Foods: include the never-dying taste of sushi and sashimi. The raw exotic taste of sushi has been growing since the Meiji Restoration.

Even though short, the Japanese still gave the westerners a big “body blow” surprise.

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Ric Newspaper Japan