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Thomas Del Mar Ltd In association with

Antique Arms, Armour & Militaria London Wednesday 25th June 2014


AUCTION ENQUIRIES AND INFORMATION Sale Number: Code name:

20 Nager

Enquiries:

Catalogue

Thomas Del Mar Ian Eaves Peter Smith

ÂŁ15 plus postage

Leo Morris Sarah Ingoldby Geroge Duckett

Thomas Del Mar Ltd 25 Blythe Road London W14 0PD Tel: +44 (0) 207 602 4805 Fax: +44 (0) 207 602 5973 Email: enquiries@thomasdelmar.com

Thomas Del Mar Ltd gratefully acknowledges Charles Webb and Stephen Wood for their assistance in the preparation of this catalogue

Front cover: Detail of lots 413 and 421 Back cover: Detail of lots 175 and 179

Photography: Rolant Dafis


Thomas Del Mar Ltd In association with

ANTIQUE ARMS, ARMOUR & MILITARIA INCLUDING PROPERTY FROM THE LATTIMER FAMILY COLLECTIONS, NEW JERSEY PROPERTY SOLD BY ORDER OF THE TRUSTEES OF THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART, NEW YORK PROPERTY SOLD BY THE ART INSTITUTE OF CHICAGO, FROM THE GEORGE F. HARDING COLLECTION PROPERTY FROM THE MORTON AND ANGELA STERN COLLECTION, NEW YORK, PART TWO PROPERTY FROM THE DESCENDENT FAMILY OF DON JOSÉ DE LA SERNA, CONDE DE LOS ANDRES, VICEROY OF PERU (1770-1832) THE PROPERTY OF A GENTLEMAN THE PROPERTY OF A COLLECTOR THE PROPERTY OF A EUROPEAN PRINCE

TO BE SOLD BY AUCTION AT Thomas Del Mar Ltd 25 Blythe Road London W14 0PD

PUBLIC EXHIBITION Sunday 22 June 12 noon to 4pm Monday 23 June 10am to 7pm Tuesday 24 June 10am to 5pm

DAY OF SALE

Wednesday 25th June 2014 at 12 noon, precisely Listen to the auction live on Tel. +44 (0) 20 7806 5535

This auction is conducted by Thomas Del Mar Ltd in accordance with our Conditions of Business


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Important Information for Buyers All lots are offered subject to Thomas Del Mar Ltd’s Condition’s of Business and to reserves. The Conditions of Business for Buyers are published at the end of the catalogue. Please note that all measurements including bore sizes are approximate. Estimates are published as a guide only and are subject to review. The actual hammer price of a lot may well be higher or lower than the range of figures given and there are no fixed “starting prices”. A Buyer’s premium of 20% is applicable to all lots in this sale. Excepting lots sold under Temporary Import rules which are marked with the symbol ‡ (see below), the Buyer’s Premium is subject to VAT at the standard rate (currently 20%). Lots offered for sale under the auctioneer’s margin scheme and VAT on the Buyer’s Premium is payable by all buyers. Lots marked with the symbol ‡ have been imported from outside the European Union (EU) to be sold at auction under Temporary Import Rules. When released to buyers within the EU, including the UK, the buyer will become the importer and must pay VAT at the rate of 5% on the hammer price. The Buyer’s premium will be subject to the standard VAT rate at 20%. Buyers outside the EU will normally be eligible to obtain a refund in respect of VAT, upon satisfactory documentary evidence of exportation. Further information on this matter is available on request. Thomas Del Mar Ltd. will be pleased to execute bids on behalf of those clients unable to attend the sale in person, subject to our Conditions of Business. All bids must be submitted in writing in good time and lots will always be purchased as cheaply as possible (depending on any other bids received, reserves and competition in the saleroom). This service is offered free of charge. Thomas Del Mar Ltd. can supply quotations for shipping of purchases, including transit insurance and VAT refund administration fees, and will assist in the application for any export licenses which may be required. Administration fees may be applicable for this. Buyers are reminded that it is their responsibility to comply with UK export regulations and with any local import requirements. Please note that the armour stands and many of the display mounts used in the catalogue and the sale exhibition may be made available at cost price to the successful buyer of the relevant lot. Please contact us for prices and further details.

Payment Payment is due in sterling at the conclusion of the sale and before purchases can be released. Please note that we require seven days to clear sterling cheques unless special arrangements have been made in advance of the sale. We are pleased to accept major credit cards (regrettably we are unable to accept American Express), for which a surcharge will be made of 3% of the transaction total. International debit cards attract a 3% surcharge. There is no charge for payments made by UK registered debit card. Cash payments and credit card payments above £6,000 will not be accepted without prior arrangement. Electronic transfers may be sent directly to our Bank: HSBC Bank Plc 38 High Street Dartford Kent DA1 1DG IBAN No.: BIC.: Sort Code: Account No.: Account Name.:

GB78MIDL40190481632140 MIDLGB22 40-19-04 81632140 Thomas Del Mar Ltd

Storage On receipt of cleared funds, lots can be collected from Thomas Del Mar Ltd’s premises at 25 Blythe Road, London W14 0PD. Please note that collection is BY APPOINTMENT on +44 (0) 207 602 4805. All lots should be cleared within one month of the auction date, after which they will be transferred to a third party for storage. A transfer fee of £10 per lot plus all incurred transfer and storage costs due to the third party will be payable prior to release. iii


Select Bibliography Back 1992

Back, D.H.L., Great Irish Gunmakers Messrs Rigby, 1992

Bailey 1999

Bailey, D.W., British Board of Ordnance Small Arms Contractors 1689-1840, 1999

Bidermann 1980

Bidermann, G.H., Burg Kornberg: Wohnsitz des Ritters Götz von Berlichingen, Schwäbisch Hall, 1980

Blackmore 1976

Blackmore, H.L., The Armouries of the Tower of London, 1976

Boccia & Godoy 1992

Boccia, L.G. & Godoy, J., Les armures de la garde de Cosimo I et Francesco I de Médicis, Geneva, n.s., tome XL, 1992

Credland 1978

Credland, A.G., ‘Wallis of Hull’, Journal of the Arms and Armour Society Vol. IX, No. 7, London, 1978

Darling 1969

Darling, A.D., The British Basket Hilted Cavalry Sword in The Canadian Journal of Arms Collecting, Vol.7, No.3, 1969

Dean 1911

Dean, B., Loan Exhibition of Arms and Armor, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1911

De Lacy Lacy 1904

De Lacy Lacy, D., The History of the Spur, London, 1904

Dufty 1974

Dufty, A.R., European Swords and Daggers in the Tower of London, 1974

Elgood 2004

Elgood, R., Hindu Arms and Ritual, Arms and Armour from India 1400-1865, 2004

Elgood 2009

Elgood, R., The Arms of Greece and Her Balkan Neighbours in the Ottoman Period, 2009

Forrer 1909

Forrer, R., Die frühgotischen Dolchstreitkolben, in Zeitschrift für Historische Waffen-und Kostümkunde, Band V, 3. Heft, 1909

Gaier 1976

Gaier, C., Four Centuries of Liège Gunmaking, 1976

Gessler 1940

Gessler, E.A., Dolchstreitkolben, Waffe oder Amtsabzeichen, in Zeitschrift für Historische Waffen-und Kostümkunde, 1940

Hartzler 2000

Hartzler, D.D., Silver Mounted Swords: The Lattimer Family Collection, Pennsylvania, 2000

Hayward 1962

Hayward, J.F., The Art of the Gunmaker, Volume 1, 1962

Hayward 1963

Hayward, J.F., Swords & Daggers, London, 1963

Karcheski Jr. 1996

Karcheski Jr., W.J., Some Netherlandish Firearms in the George F. Harding Jr. Collection of Arms And Armor, The Art Institute of Chicago, Proceedings of the International Association of Museums of Arms and Military History XIV Congress, Amsterdam, 1996

Kruczek 2001

Kruczek, J., Rusznikarstwo szkoly cieszy skiej, Pszczyna, 2001

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LaRocca 2006

LaRocca, D.J., Warriors of the Himalayas: Rediscovering the Arms of Tibet, 2006

Lewerken 1989

Lewerken, H.W., Kombinations Waffen: des 15.-19. Jahrhunderts, Berlin, 1989

Lindsay 1967

Lindsay, M., One Hundred Great Guns: An illustrated history of firearms, New York, 1967

McCullough & Missillier 2011

McCullough, N. & Missillier, P., The Karsten Klingbell Collection, Brussels, 2011

Mohamed 2007

Mohamed, B., The Arts of the Muslim Knight: The Furusiyya Art Foundation Collection, 2007

Müller 2002

Müller, H., Albrecht Dürer Waffen und Rüstungen, Berlin, 2002

Müller & Kölling 1990

Müller, H. & Kölling, H., Europäische Hieb- und Stich- Waffen, Berlin, 1990

Munson 1992

Munson, H.L., The Mortimer Gunmakers 1753-1923, 1992

Neal & Back 1980

Neal, W.K. & Back, D.H.L., British Gunmakers, their Trade Cards, Cases & Equipment 1760-1860, 1980

Neal & Back 1984

Neal, W.K. & Back, D.H.L., Great British Gunmakers 1540-1740, 1984

Nordström 1984

Nordström, L., White Arms of the Royal Armoury, 1984

Norman 1980

Norman, A.V.B., The Rapier and Small-Sword, 1460-1820, 1980

Puype 1996

Puype, J.P., The Visser Collection, Arms of the Netherlands in the collection of H.L.Visser. Volume 1, Parts 1-3, 1996

Schaal 1978

Schaal, D., Katalog Dresdener Büchsenmacher 16.-18.JH., 1978

Scott-Edeson 2000

Scott-Edeson, P. A., Dating the Firearms of John Manton and John Manton & Son: 1789-1834. Vol. 38, No. 4, 2000

Seitz 1968

Seitz, H., Blankwaffen II, Germany, 1968

Southwick 2001

Southwick, L., London Silver-hilted Swords, their makers, suppliers and allied traders, with directory, 2001

Visser 1996

Visser, H.L., The Visser Collection: Arms of the Netherlands in the Collection of H.L. Visser, 1996

Waldman 2005

Waldman, J., Hafted Weapons in Medieval and Renaissance Europe, 2005

Weyersberg 1926

Weyersberg, A., Solinger Schwertsschmiede des 16. und 17. Jahrhunderts und Ihre Erzeugnisse, 1926

Wilson 1995

Wilson, P.H., War, State and Society in Württemberg 1677-1793, Cambridge, 1995 v


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Eastern Arms and Armour 1 A JAPANESE W.W.II OFFICER’S SWORD (KATANA) the first with curved single-edged blade with traces of a wavy hamon (the grip shrunk tightly over the tang), regulation brass mounts including tsuba, in its lacquered saya; the second of characteristic form, with slightly curved fullered blade, embossed copper ferrule and pommel each decorated with flowers, and bone grip, in its brass-mounted wooden scabbard the first: 65.7 cm; 25⅞ in blade (2) £500-700 2 A JAPANESE W.W.II OFFICER’S SWORD (KATANA) with curved single-edged blade with traces of a wavy hamon (areas of light pitting, the grip shrunk tightly over the tang), regulation gilt-brass mounts including tsuba, in its lacquered saya together with a typed note from the vendor stating that it was brought back from the Far East by Flight Lieutenant N. C. Rouse, no. 177426 71.6 cm; 28¼ in blade £400-600

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3 A JAPANESE SWORD (WAKIZASHI) with curved single-edged blade (chipped, small areas of pitting), with traces of a wavy hamon, signed tang pierced with a single mekugi-ana, in shira-saya 58.3 cm; 23 in blade ‡ £300-400 4 A JAPANESE SHORT SWORD (WAKIZASHI) AND ANOTHER SWORD (KATANA) with first with curved single-edged blade with wavy hamon (chips), tang with later signature ‘Echizen no kami Sukehiro’ pierced with a single mekugi-ana, in shira saya; the second with curved single-edged blade, and signed tang pierced with a single mekugi-ana (pitted) the first: 45 cm; 17¾ in blade (2) £200-300 5 A FINE JAPANESE IVORY-MOUNTED LARGE SWORD (TACHI), 19TH CENTURY with curved single-edged blade retained by three ivory mekugi-ana passing through the tang (seized), carved hilt formed of sections of ivory, decorated with a vertical arrangement of figures divided by bands of scrolling foliage, including seated Samurai being entertained by female musicians, thick tsuba carved with a fire breathing dragon around the edge, in its saya of carved ivory en suite with the hilt, comprising further samurai scenes including combat with katana and yari, fitted with two carved ivory rings for suspension, each attached by a pin on a band of carved scrollwork inhabited by dragons and monsters (the ivory with small cracks, chips and minor repairs) 80 cm; 31½ in blade £10000-15000

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6 A JAPANESE ARMOUR (TOSEI GUSOKU), EDO PERIOD comprising ten-plate iron kabuto, the outside lacquered with thirty three raised ribs, fitted with mabizashi lacquered red on the underside, brass tehen, shikoro of five lacquered iron lames, the uppermost fixed to the skull and with plain fukigaeshi, well modelled lacquered iron mempo with pronounced chin and scalloped upper border, the inside lacquered red (nose missing), fitted with yodarekake of three lacquered iron lames, lacquered iron dĂľ, kusazuri of five lames, a pair of ko-sode each of six lames, a pair of lacquered iron and mail kote, iron and mail haidate, and a pair of suneate (areas of wear and disarticulation) See note at front of catalogue for information concerning stands ÂŁ2000-3000

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7 A BRASS KAKU-MOKKOGATA (SHINCHU) TSUBA, 20TH CENTURY decorated in takabori with the priest Mongaku with Yoritomo, unsigned 9.3 cm; 3½ in £200-250 8 A CIRCULAR IRON NOMURA SCHOOL TSUBA, 20TH CENTURY pierced and decorated in gilt with warriors and pine tree, signed Kaneishi Nomura Kanenori 8.8 cm; 3½ in £1000-1200 9 TWO CIRCULAR IRON SOTEN TSUBA, 20TH CENTURY pierced and decorated in gilt with warriors’ battle, signed Goshu Hikone ju Soheishi Nyudo Sotensei both 8.1 cm; 3¼ in (2) £500-800 10 TWO CIRCULAR IRON SOTEN TSUBA, 20TH CENTURY pierced and decorated in gilt with warriors’ battle scene, signed Goshu HIkone ju Soheishi Nyudo Soten sei both 7.9 cm; 3⅛ in (2) £500-800 11 AN OVAL IRON TSUBA, 19TH CENTURY pierced and decorated in gilt with warriors, unsigned 7.5 cm; 3 in £400-500 12 A CIRCULAR IRON TSUBA, 19TH CENTURY With gilt decoration depicting Jo and Uba under a pine tree (from a Noh play), unsigned 7.1 cm; 2¾ in £300-400

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13 TWO IRON TSUBA, LATE 19TH CENTURY The first a mokko shape Katchushi style tsuba, pierced with a kiri (paulownia), hollyhock (omodaka) leaf and three stars, another of round iron worked in high and low relief with flowers, unsigned the first 8.5 cm; 3½ in; the second 8.4 cm; 3¼ in (2) £300-400 14 TWO IRON ITAME (WOOD GRAIN DESIGN) TSUBA, 19/20TH CENTURY The first of iron with two udenuki-ana and another of mokko with a pattern of wood grain, unsigned the first 7.9 cm; 3⅛ in; the second 8 cm; 3 in (2) £300-400 15 A ROUND IRON TSUBA, 19TH CENTURY carved in high and low relief with gourds and its leaves, signed Nobumitsu saku 8.3 cm; 3¼ in £150-200 16 A CIRCULAR IRON BUSHU TSUBA, 19TH CENTURY pierced with the design of an elongated radish (daikon), unsigned 8 cm; 3⅛ in £100-150 17 A CIRCULAR IRON ONIN STYLE TSUBA, 19TH CENTURY the circular body pierced with a sunbeam pattern, the rim with a repeated pattern with brass decoration, unsigned 8.4 cm; 3¼ in £100-150 18 AN OVAL IRON BUSHU SUKASHI TSUBA, 19TH CENTURY pierced with the design of geese in flight in rain, unsigned 7.1 cm; 2¾ in £100-150 19 A CIRCULAR IRON ONIN STYLE TSUBA, 19TH CENTURY carved in relief with the tips of the palm leaves and irregular patterns decorated in brass, both hitsuana plugged, unsigned 8.4 cm; 3¼ in £100-150

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20 A CHINESE DECORATED SWORD (DAO), QING DYNASTY, 19TH CENTURY with curved single-edged blade, brass hilt comprising circular guard with moulded brim, ferrule and pommel, all cast with scrollwork inhabited by dragons, wooden grip bound with cord, in its fishskin-covered wooden scabbard, with brass mounts en suite with the hilt, comprising characteristic shaped chape, locket, a pair of bands, and the latter two joined by a brass panel 61 cm; 24 in blade £1000-1400 21 A CHINESE SHORTSWORD (NIUWEIDAO), LATE 19TH CENTURY with broad flat single-edged hatchet blade formed with a clipped-back point pierced with three circular holes, pierced brass guard with moulded edge, two-piece spirally carved grip, and flattened ovoid brass pommel 50 cm; 19¾ in blade £300-500 22 A CHINESE SWORD (DAO), QING DYNASTY, LATE 19TH CENTURY with broad double-edged blade of flattened-diamond section, brass hilt cast and chased in low relief comprising moulded upturned guard cast with a mask and scrolls on each face, shaped pommel engraved with foliage around a central rondel, and swelling horn grip carved with a series of low slender ribs between a pair of engraved collars 57 cm; 22½ in blade ‡ £200-300 23 A CHINESE SWORD (DAO), QING DYNASTY, 20TH CENTURY with curved single-edged blade, brass hilt comprising dish guard, ferrule and pommel all cast with traditional scrolls and dragons in low relief, and wooden grip, in its painted scabbard with decorated brass mounts 63.5 cm; 25 in blade ‡ £200-250

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26 24 A BURMESE IVORY AND SILVER-MOUNTED SWORD (DHA), LATE 19TH CENTURY with curved single-edged blade, the hilt comprising a broad silver ferrule chased with beadwork, and long ivory grip, in its silver scabbard chased with traditional motifs, with wooden core and green suspension cord 49.5 cm; 19½ in blade £200-250 25 THREE BURMESE SWORDS (DHA) of characteristic form, two with silver-inlaid fullered blades, chased metal mounted hilts and horn and bone grips respectively, the third with horn grip, each in its scabbard 65 cm; 25½ in blade (3) £100-150 26 A RARE EAST TIBETAN DECORATED LEATHER LAMELLAR ARMOUR, 15TH/17TH CENTURY formed of two pairs of plates covering the chest and the back of the torso, open at the front and fitted with two slender plates at each side, decorated in gold with large flowerheads and foliage above an arcade, carrying a long skirt of eight rows of tall rectangular plates decorated with exotic animals and further designs en suite with the torso, the plates all joined by leather thongs, a pair of plaited leather thongs forming shoulder straps, and the reverse of the neck with a leather tasselled border (small losses and disarticulations) A related armour, preserved in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, has been dated to 1440-1660, see LaRocca 2006, pp. 124-125. Another example was sold Sotheby’s Olympia, 12 December 2004, lot 31. See note at front of catalogue for information concerning stands £5000-7000

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27 A RARE ELEMENT OF TIBETAN IRON AND LAMELLAR ARMOUR, 15TH/17TH CENTURY, PROBABLY A CAPE OR MANTLE formed of a broad horizontal row of curved slender iron plates faced with hide, carrying two pairs of panels, each formed of six rows of thick hide plates, all joined by leather thongs (small losses and disarticulations), and with traces of red painted decoration See footnote to previous lot. ÂŁ500-800

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28 A FINE INDIAN SWORD (TALWAR), KUTCH, LATE 18TH CENTURY with broad curved German blade double-edged towards the point, formed with two long fullers of differing width, etched with serpents, strapwork panels, a sword clasped by an arm issuant from a cloud and celestial motifs on each face (areas of light pitting), brass hilt cast and chiselled in low relief, comprising a pair of langets with serpent head finials, quillons with terminals chiselled as stylised tiger heads in the round, recurved knuckle-guard with finial en suite with the quillons, large disc-shaped pommel, attenuated button, and solid grip chiselled and engraved with a scaly fish, in its leather-covered wooden scabbard tooled at the throat and with shaped thin leather chape embossed with a criss-cross pattern 83.5 cm; 32â…ž in blade Kutch (Kachh or Cutch), a town in Gujarat, was famous for the manufacture of weapons and continues to make brass handled pen knives to this day. See Elgood 2004, p. 254. The armoury of the Maharajah of Kutch included a number of swords with blades of this type. ÂŁ1000-1500

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29 A RARE SOUTH INDIAN MEDIEVAL SWORD, POSSIBLY 12TH/13TH CENTURY in patinated condition, with curved blade double-edged over its upper half, steel hilt extending over the lower portion of the blade, including angular figure-of-eight shaped guard, and wooden cushion-shaped pommel with attenuated moulded button 70.5 cm; 27¾ in blade Three related examples, formerly in the collection of Anthony North, were sold in these rooms 30 June 2010, lot 83. See Elgood 2004, pp. 83-5. £600-800 30 AN INDIAN SWORD (FIRANGI), 18TH CENTURY with European straight blade double-edged towards the point, formed with three long fullers of differing length on each face, iron hilt of characteristic form, comprising a pair of long shaped langets decorated with silver koftgari scrollwork and gold flowerheads (worn), figure-of-eight shaped guard, broad knuckle-guard formed with a medial ridge, shallow cup-shaped pommel, and attenuated button with traces of decoration en suite with the langets 91 cm; 35¾ in blade ‡ £400-600 31 AN INDIAN SWORD (FIRANGI), 18TH/19TH CENTURY with European fullered blade, iron hilt of characteristic form including broad knuckle-guard and attenuated pommel (small chips, cleaned), in a later scabbard 80 cm; 31½ in blade £300-400 32 AN INDIAN SWORD (FIRANGI), 18TH/19TH CENTURY with European fullered blade, iron hilt of characteristic form (loose), including broad knuckle-guard and attenuated pommel (cleaned), in a later scabbard 88 cm; 34⅝ in blade £300-400

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33 AN INDIAN SWORD (FIRANGI), LATE 18TH CENTURY with later tapering blade double-edged towards the point, formed with a pair of long fullers on each face, iron hilt of characteristic form, including a pair of shaped langets enclosing the forte, punched with Bikaneer arsenal marks on one face, broad knuckleguard, and faceted attenuated pommel 98 cm; 38⅝ in blade £200-300 34 AN INDIAN SWORD (TALWAR), 19TH CENTURY with curved blade double-edged towards the point, iron hilt of characteristic form including recurved knuckle-guard with budshaped finial, decorated over the greater part of its surface in silver with flowers and foliage (losses) 81.8 cm; 32⅛ in blade £80-120 35 AN OTTOMAN SWORD (SHAMSHIR), LATE 19TH/EARLY 20TH CENTURY with curved fullered blade, engraved white metal hilt, including quillons with bud-shaped terminals, solid grip rising to an angular pommel, in its wooden scabbard encased in engraved silver (chips) 75.8 cm; 29⅞ in blade £350-450 36 AN INDIAN SWORD (TALWAR), 19TH CENTURY with very broad curved blade double-edged towards the point, formed with a short central fuller and two short fullers at the forte on each face, iron hilt including shaped langets, recurved knuckle-guard with finial formed as a stylised tiger’s heads, and discshaped pommel, and decorated with gold koftgari flowers and foliage over its surface (small losses) 80.7 cm; 35¾ in blade ‡ £250-350

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37 AN OTTOMAN SILVER-MOUNTED SWORD (SHAMSHIR), TURKEY, EARLY 19TH CENTURY with curved single-edged blade of watered steel, inlaid with two later silver calligraphic panels on one face (small areas of deep pitting), silver hilt comprising border-engraved cross-piece with a pair of quillons with bulbous finials and back-strap, and a pair of horn grip-scales rising to a pronounced bulbous pommel (age cracks), in its wire-covered wooden scabbard with large cast, chased and engraved silver mounts comprising locket and chape (the former missing its locking-catch), and a pair of middle mounts for suspension, struck throughout with silver marks 83.5 cm; 32⅞ in blade ‡ £1200-1800 38 AN EGYPTIAN COURT SWORD, LATE 19TH/EARLY 20TH CENTURY with tapering polished blade, gilt-brass hilt in the Mooresque taste, including a pair of vertically recurved scrollwork quillons, down-turned shell-guard cast with the crowned Royal arms, fluted ovoid pommel, and grip in imitation mother-of-pearl, in its leather scabbard with brass mounts 79 cm; 31⅛ in blade £300-400 39 AN INDO-PERSIAN SWORD (SHAMSHIR), LATE 19TH CENTURY with curved blade double-edged at the point, formed with a series of grooves arranged in pairs and a long fuller on each face, brass hilt cast in one piece, including short quillons with faceted polyhedral terminals, and angular pommel 73 cm; 28¾ in blade £200-300 40 AN INDIAN CANE DAGGER, 19TH CENTURY with tapering faceted blade decorated with gold at the forte, curved iron grip decorated with leafy patterns highlighted with silver, in its iron scabbard decorated en suite over the lower portion 39.5 cm; 15½ in blade £150-200

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41 A RARE INDIAN DAGGER (KATAR), LATE 16TH CENTURY, PROBABLY VIJAYANAGARA with long sharply tapering blade formed with a reinforced point, formed with five pairs of converging fullers on each face, iron hilt extending over the forte with a pair of attenuated shaped langets chiselled with conventional foliage, recurved guard formed with a medial ridge, terminating in a monster head, reinforced in the centre and at the borders with chiselled panels of foliage, shaped side bars with moulded terminals, and a pair of grip bars with bulbous central mouldings (pitted throughout) 39.5 cm; 15⅝ in blade For a discussion of this group see Elgood 2004, pp. 145-150. £400-500 42 A RARE INDIAN DAGGER (KATAR), LATE 16TH CENTURY, PROBABLY VIJAYANAGARA with long sharply tapering blade formed with five pairs of converging fullers on each face, iron hilt extending over the forte with a pair of attenuated shaped langets, recurved guard terminating in a monster head, chiselled with chevron over the median and the borders, shaped side bars with moulded terminals, and a pair of grip bars with bulbous central mouldings (pitted throughout) 37.5 cm; 14¾ in blade £400-500 43 TWO DAGGERS (JAMBIYA), LATE 19TH/20TH CENTURY the first Moroccan, with curved blade double-edged towards the point, silvered copper ferrule and pommel cap, hardwood grip, in its scabbard; the second with etched curved double-edged blade, and characteristic hilt formed of bone, horn and brass segments, in its brass scabbard the first: 20.5 cm; 8 in blade (2) £60-80

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44 AN INDIAN DAGGER (CHILANUM) FORMED ENTIRELY OF STEEL, 17TH/EARLY 18TH CENTURY with recurved double-edged blade formed with a pair of fullers and a raised central rib on each face, iron hilt comprising oval guard with pierced border and a pair of short bulbous quillons, knuckle-guard with recurved bud-shaped finial, integral grip interrupted by a pronounced central moulding, and characteristic horn-shaped pommel with scrolling terminals (repairs) 21.5 cm; 8½ in blade ‡ £300-400 45 AN INDIAN DAGGER (CHILANUM) FORMED ENTIRELY OF STEEL, 17TH/EARLY 18TH CENTURY with recurved double-edged blade swelling towards the tip, shaped ricasso pierced with a pair of slots and a pair of circular holes, retaining traces of punched ornament (rubbed), integral iron hilt formed with a central moulding, symmetrical pommel formed of a pair of horns of inverted T-section, and moulded bud-shaped finial 29.5 cm; 11⅝ in blade A dagger of related form is preserved in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (acc. no. 36.25.751). See Elgood 2004, p. 179. ‡ £250-350

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46 AN OTTOMAN SILVER-MOUNTED DAGGER (JAMBIYA), 19TH CENTURY with curved flat double-edged blade, shaped hilt almost entirely encased in silver, including bands of elaborate beadwork, filigree and rows of rattles, the grip with a central moulding set with a red paste, in its wooden scabbard encased in silver (top collar missing), the outer face chased en suite with the hilt and the inner with a loop for suspension 22.5 cm; 8⅞ in blade ‡ £400-600 47 A DECORATED OTTOMAN DAGGER (JAMBIYA), MOROCCO, LATE 19TH CENTURY with double-edged flat blade decorated with silver scrollwork on each face of the forte, the hilt entirely encased in gilt copper on the outer face and applied with red and blue coloured pastes in raised settings (losses), the inner face of sheet copper, embossed with flowers and conventional foliage on a punched ground, in its fabric-covered wooden scabbard with large mounts decorated en suite with the hilt, including chape with pronounced up-turned finial (losses) 25.5 cm; 10 in blade ‡ £300-400 48 AN OTTOMAN DAGGER (JAMBIYA), 19TH CENTURY with recurved medially ridged double-edged blade, decorated with gold on each face of the forte, iron hilt chiselled with an elephant and a tiger on each side, highlighted in silver (rubbed), in its fabric-covered wooden scabbard 20.5 cm; 8 in blade ‡ £250-300

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49 AN OTTOMAN SHORTSWORD (YATAGHAN), BALKANS, 19TH CENTURY with slightly curved single-edged blade formed with a central rib and a further moulding on each face, inlaid with silver rondels, flowerheads and with a brief inscription (illegible), silver hilt decorated with filigree, beadwork and corals in raised settings, large eared pommel decorated en suite and with a small square nielloed panel top and bottom, in fabric-covered wooden scabbard with silver mounts including large locket with loop for suspension and finely chiselled chape 50.5 cm; 19⅞ in blade £600-800 50 AN OTTOMAN BALKAN SILVER-MOUNTED SHORTSWORD (YATAGHAN), 19TH CENTURY with curved single-edged blade cut with a brief inscription including the names of the seven sleepers of Ephesus and their dog on one face and decorated with gold, the hilt extending in a pair of shaped silver panels over the forte, fitted with a pair of horn gripscales (one chipped) retained by four pairs of rivets with silver foliate heads, and each grip profusely studded with minute silver nails, in its wooden scabbard encased in chased silver, decorated with scrollwork and flowers 62 cm; 24⅜ in blade ‡ £500-700 51 AN OTTOMAN SWORD (SHAMSHIR), TURKEY, 19TH CENTURY with curved single-edged blade (small edge nicks), the hilt bound with brass and fitted with a pair of horn grip-scales rising to a pronounced bulbous pommel with a gilt pear-shaped washer on each side, and later cross-piece 79.2 cm; 31¼ in blade ‡ £300-500

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53

52 54 52 AN UNUSUAL SOUTH EAST ASIAN SILVER-MOUNTED SHORTSWORD, LATE 19TH CENTURY with pattern-welded blade of flattened-diamond section, waisted forte pierced with two shaped apertures, cut with a pair of fullers on each face, formed with a pair of pronounced up-turned lugs and with further filed patterns beneath, silver hilt formed of a moulded collar decorated with fine roping, a pair of separate near triangular panels decorated with lotus foliage extending over the lower portion of the grip, and large carved horn grip rising to a pronounced pommel 48.2 cm; 19 in blade ‡ £600-800 53 A CEYLONESE SILVER-MOUNTED DAGGER (PIHA KAETTA), 18TH CENTURY with robust iron blade of flattened-triangular section formed with a fuller along the back-edge, the lower portion of the blade encased in silver chased with traditional foliage and flowers, hilt of characteristic form including brass ferrule chiselled with scrolls enriched with inlaid silver, carved horn grip retained by three pairs of brass rivets, two pairs with decorative silver washers, and pommel cap decorated en suite; in its wooden scabbard (repaired) with large silver locket decorated with a band of scrollwork top and bottom 19.5 cm; 7¾ in blade ‡ £250-300 54 A CEYLONESE SWORD (KASTANE), LATE 18TH/19TH CENTURY with curved single-edged blade, the back-edge and each face of the forte inset with a panel of brass engraved with scrolls of foliage on a punched ground, iron hilt of characteristic form, comprising tall triangular langets, a pair of down-curved arms, quillon and knuckle-guard all finely chiselled with traditional scrollwork, the terminals with serpent’s heads and enriched with brass, and carved hardwood grip rising to a monsterhead pommel with copper and silver details, with associated tooled leather scabbard 52 cm; 20½ in blade ‡ £300-400

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55

56

58

55 AN INDIAN JADE-HILTED DAGGER (KARD), LATE 19TH CENTURY with curved single-edged blade, silvered hilt fitted with a pair of jade grips, each set with two flowers, involving green and red pastes centring on a white paste, all within raised gilt settings, and beaked pommel 23.8 cm; 9⅜ in blade ‡ £400-600 56 AN OTTOMAN BALKAN DAGGER (JAMBIYA), 19TH CENTURY with curved blade formed with a medial ridge, morse grip formed with a large elliptical guard and matching pommel, in its tooled leather-covered wooden scabbard 26.7 cm; 10½ in blade £400-600 57 A MIDDLE EASTERN SWORD, LATE 19TH CENTURY with broad hatchet blade, engraved silver cross-piece, horn grip, in its silver-mounted scabbard (worn) 74.3 cm; 29¼ in blade ‡ £80-120 58 A TURKISH SILVER-MOUNTED DECORATIVE MACE, 19TH CENTURY with spherical head and cylindrical haft each chiselled with flowers and foliage, the latter struck with a mark, wooden haft inlaid with leafy foliage enriched with pellets, and the base set with a red stone 51.5 cm; 20¼ in overall £200-250 59 AN OTTOMAN BALKAN SMALL DAGGER, 19TH CENTURY of yataghan form, with tapering single-edged blade decorated in gold with a brief inscription on one face, silver hilt cast with scrollwork and incorporating a loop at the top, in its scabbard decorated en suite, with a loop for suspension 16 cm; 6⅜ in blade £50-80

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60 A CAUCASIAN DAGGER (KINDJAL), LAST QUARTER OF THE 19TH CENTURY with broad double-edged blade formed with an off-set fuller on each face, the outer face decorated with gold scrolls, flowers and a brief inscription, ivory grip of characteristic form (small age cracks), retained by a pair of iron rivets each with pronounced conical head on a shaped washer and decorated with gold koftgari, in its leather-covered wooden scabbard, the inner face applied with coloured fabric retained by silver nails, with silver locket and chape each engraved with flowers and foliage, iron suspension band decorated in gold koftgari with flowers, complete with its leather suspension with chased and nielloed silver mounts 38.2 cm; 15 in blade ÂŁ800-1000

60

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61

63 62

61 A CAUCASIAN SILVER-MOUNTED POWDER-FLASK, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 19TH CENTURY of carved burrwood, with tapering horn-shaped body, fitted with large nielloed silver mounts comprising nozzle, basal collar and a central band, the latter fitted with curved iron spring cut-off, inlaid with brass scrolls, set with pearls (one missing), and with two silver loops for suspension 20 cm; 8 in ‡ £1000-1400 62 AN OTTOMAN DECORATED FLASK, BALKANS, 19TH CENTURY of near circular form with flattened inner face, profusely inlaid with a scale pattern in brass wire and pellets, over the outer face, the centre set with an engraved brass rondel, fitted with brass nozzle, a pair of loops for suspension, fitted with a leather belt studded with domed brass studs 12.5 cm; 5 in high ‡ £200-300 63 A GREEK DECORATED SILVER CARTRIDGE BOX (PALASKA), DATED 1867 of characteristic form, fitted with domed hinged lid, the reverse with pierced belt loop and engraved with the date, decorated over the outer face with engraved designs heightened with niello, including a female in traditional dress, trophies and exotic birds, the border decorated with foliage, all against a punched ground 12.7 cm; 5 in high ‡ £400-600

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64

64 AN INDO-PERSIAN DECORATED HELMET (KULAH KHUD) AND SHIELD (DHAL) 19TH CENTURY the first with hemispherical skull, fitted at its top with a tapering central spike, at its front with a rectangular staple and thumbscrew securing a sliding nasal with a plume-holder on either side, all decorated with etched designs, the skull with shaped panels including exotic birds and scrolls, all highlighted with silver (worn), mail neck-defence of butted links highlighted with brass (losses), and red fabric lining; the second of low convex form, decorated en suite with the kulah khud, the greater part of its outer surface with etched designs of scrolling foliage inhabited by mounted figures in pursuit of game with hawks, swords and clubs, calligraphic border, brass rim, and fitted with four bosses and the inner face with provision for enarmes (missing) the first: 25 cm; 9⅞ in high (2) ‡ £800-1200 65 A PAIR OF INDIAN SHIELDS (DHAL), 20TH CENTURY of brass, each of low domed form, chiselled with patterns of scrolling foliage enriched with red enamel, fitted with four low domed bosses, and the interiors each with enarmes 45 cm; 17¾ in diameter (2) £150-250

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66 AN INDO-PERSIAN HELMET (KULAH KHUD), 19TH CENTURY with hemispherical skull embossed with a radiating pattern of ribs rising to a foliate moulding for a central spike (now missing), fitted with a pair of plume-holders (sliding nasal, bracket, and mail neck-defence missing), and the skull decorated over its surface with silver foliage enriched with gold scrollwork (rubbed) 12.7 cm; 5 in high ‡ £300-400 67 TWO OTTOMAN STIRRUPS, TURKEY, 19TH CENTURY with curved rectangular treads flaring slightly on each side and pierced with a circular arrangements of holes in the centre, moulded side panels rising to a top bar incorporating a D-shaped loop for suspension, each chiselled with linear patterns and with traces of silver the taller, 23 cm; 9⅛ in high (2) £300-400 68 AN INDIAN MAIL HEAD DEFENCE (KULAH ZIRAH), 18TH/19TH CENTURY formed of riveted rings of oval- and round-section wire, open at the face, extending over the neck, and fitted at the top with a scalloped iron plate (losses and early repairs, rusted) ‡ £200-300 69 A PAIR OF OTTOMAN STIRRUPS, TURKEY, 18TH CENTURY AND A PAIR OF SPURS, 19TH CENTURY the first with broad treads (each with half removed), moulded side bars rising to characteristic prominent loops for suspension; the second with long necks with star-shaped rowels, U-shaped heel bands, and retaining their studs and buckles the first: 17.3 cm; 6⅞ in high (4) £80-120 70 AN INDIAN DECORATED AXE, 19TH CENTURY with curved axe blade engraved and pierced with a near symmetrical design of exotic animals enriched with brass wire, fitted with central spike, square socket (the rear peen missing), on a wooden haft studded with iron rivets and brass foliate washers 64.7 cm; 25½ in overall ‡ £250-350 71 AN OTTOMAN SILVER-MOUNTED SCABBARD FOR A SWORD (SHAMSHIR), TURKEY, EARLY 19TH CENTURY of leather-covered wood, the outer face with a broad panel of silver stitching, cast, chased and engraved silver mounts comprising locket and chape, the latter retaining its catch for engaging the cross-guard, and a pair of middle mounts for suspension, each decorated with a pair of monsterhead masks and fitted with a ring for suspension 85.5 cm; 33¾ in overall ‡ £200-300 72 AN OTTOMAN HOLSTER FOR A PAIR OF KUBUR PISTOLS, 19TH CENTURY of leather, the outer face decorated with silver sequins and coloured hide, fitted with a flap decorated en suite, covering four sleeves for charge holders, and the inner face with an iron loop (losses, worn) 32 cm; 12⅝ in high ‡ £100-150 73 AN EGYPTIAN OFFICER’S BELT, LATE 19TH CENTURY of green leather sewn with gold and green thread, fitted with gilt-brass buckle charged with a crescent and three stars ‡ £40-60

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74

75

76

74 AN ETHIOPIAN SWORD, LATE 19TH/20TH CENTURY with broad fullered blade engraved with scrolls of foliage, two piece horn hilt of ‘Shotel’ form, in its scabbard 78.5 cm; 31 in blade £200-300 75 AN AFRICAN (CONGO) IVORY-MOUNTED DAGGER, 19TH CENTURY with sharply tapering iron blade pierced with five circular holes arranged symmetrically at the forte, carved ivory hilt formed with a pair of semi-circular shoulders, banded grip and disc-shaped pommel 22.5 cm; 9⅞ in blade £200-300 76 AN ABYSSINIAN SWORD (SHOTEL), LATE 19TH CENTURY with very broad double-edged recurved blade formed with a pair of long fullers on each face, characteristic horn hilt of three shaped pieces, and the pommel set with a brass disc, probably a coin (rubbed), in its hide scabbard 75.5 cm; 29¾ in blade ‡ £200-300

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77 A SUDANESE SWORD (KASKARA), LATE 19TH CENTURY with broad fullered double-edged blade, characteristic iron hilt comprising a pair of straight quillons and langets, crocodile-skin grip, in its crocodile skin scabbard 60.2 cm; 23¾ in blade £200-300 78 TWO AFRICAN SPEARS the first with medially-ridged leaf-shaped blade, long tapering socket, wooden haft and long iron shoe; the second with triangular blade, tapering socket, wooden haft partly wrapped in fur and iron shoe the first: 94 cm; 37 in head (2) £80-120 79 A ZULU CANE, EARLY 20TH CENTURY bound with spiralling patterns of copper and brass wire over its entire surface, and with a pronounced near spherical knob at the top 95 cm; 37⅜ in overall £150-250 80 A ZULU CANE, EARLY 20TH CENTURY bound with spiralling patterns of copper and brass wire over its entire surface, and swelling at the top 90.5 cm; 35⅝ in overall £150-250 81 A SUDANESE SWORD (KASKARA), LATE 19TH CENTURY with broad blade engraved with stylized celestial motifs, iron cross-guard, characteristic grip, in its lizard skin scabbard 64.5 cm; 25½ in blade £70-90 82 TWO ZANZIBAR SWORDS, LATE 19TH CENTURY with broad blades, leather-bound grips, one bound with a silver collar, iron pommels, each in its scabbard, one with chased silver locket the first: 73.5 cm; 29 in blade (2) £300-350 83 AN ARAB SWORD, LATE 19TH CENTURY with curved fullered blade double-edged towards the tip, leather-bound grip, tall pierced near rectangular pommel, in its tooled leather-covered scabbard with an iron band and ring for suspension 73.5 cm; 29 in blade £80-120 84 A HIGHLY DECORATED SPEARHEAD, 19TH CENTURY, NORTH AFRICAN OR MIDDLE EASTERN the upper portion of tapering square section (areas of pitting), decorated over the middle section with a filed polyhedral moulding and raised collars, the lower portion faceted and decorated with inlaid chevron patterns in brass 57 cm; 22½ in overall ‡ £80-120

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86

85

87

85 A SOLOMON ISLANDS CLUB, 19TH CENTURY of tapering oval section, the upper portion of each face carved with a slender raised rib (small chips) 129.5 cm; 51 in £300-400 86 AN EAST AFRICAN SHIELD, SOMALIA, 19TH CENTURY of strongly convex circular form, the outer surface tooled and rising to a low domed finial, and the interior fitted with a robust grip (partly detached) 44 cm; 17⅜ in diameter £150-250 87 A SOLOMON ISLANDS CLUB, 19TH CENTURY of tapering oval section, the upper portion paddle-shaped, carved on each face with a slender raised rib (small chips), the lower portion pointed and bound with plaited fabric cord 118.7 cm; 46¾ in £300-450 88 AN UNUSUAL HELMET, PROBABLY LATE 19TH CENTURY NORTH AFRICAN with hemi-spherical skull rising to a chiselled leafy moulding fitted with a robust ring finial, the base of the skull embossed with a tall rib around the circumference, the base encircled by studs for a neck-defence (missing), previously fitted with a sliding nasal, and with traces of silver decoration 19 cm 7½ in high ‡ £60-80

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89

90

89 A 22 BORE OTTOMAN SILVER-MOUNTED MIQUELET-LOCK GUN, TURKEY, EARLY 19TH CENTURY with twist barrel of ‘hog’s back’ form towards the breech, moulded at the muzzle, inlaid with silver arabesque strapwork at the muzzle and the breech, retained by three silver bands each chased with traditional scrollwork and foliage, standing back-sight set with silver beadwork, iron lock inlaid with silver on the cock (worn), full stock (cracked), faceted butt inlaid with shaped panels (small losses), brass rondels, and large domed silver nails, large white metal butt-cap, and with a contemporary iron ramrod 69.2 cm; 27¼ in barrel ‡ £800-1200 90 AN 18 BORE SILVER-MOUNTED LONG FLINTLOCK SPORTING GUN, CIRCA 1820-30, PROBABLY TURKISH with two-stage sighted barrel encrusted with gold scrolls and foliage about the fore-sight, over the median and the breech, the tang encrusted with gold en suite, bevelled lock encrusted with gold scrolls and foliage within a linear frame, fitted with cock chiselled with a scroll behind the comb, semi-rainproof pan and roller, figured walnut half-stock carved with a panel of chequering over the fore-end and the grip, inlaid with silver wire scrolls and pellets, the butt inlaid en suite and carved with a stylised monsterhead in the round beneath, silver mounts comprising moulded trigger-guard with shaped foliate terminal, butt-plate with shaped tang, pierced scrolling side-plate, small oval escutcheon and rear ramrod-pipe all encrusted with gold scrollwork and foliage, silver barrel bolt escutcheons, a pair of forward ramrod-pipes, and fore-end cap (the gold and the stock rubbed throughout, the inlay with lifting and losses) 113 cm; 44½ in barrel ‡ £2000-3000

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91

92

91 A 12 BORE OTTOMAN SILVER-MOUNTED TOE-LOCK MUSKET, ALGERIA, DATED 1243 AH, CIRCA 1827/8 with long octagonal barrel struck with the barrelsmith’s mark including the letter ‘B’ at the breech, silver-encrusted standing backsight (one shoulder chipped), retained by three shaped silver bands, the tang overlaid with a silver panel, characteristic lock overlaid with a brass plaque, incised with a brief inscription and the date beneath, the cock and bridle each encrusted with silver scrollwork, the steel chiselled en suite including a crescent, full stock with fish-tail butt, inlaid over its entire surface with large silver openwork plaques pierced with designs of scrollwork and foliage (some lifting), the plaque nearest the lock struck with a mark, small moulded baluster trigger, ivory butt-cap, and original ramrod encased with chased metal over the forward quarter 130.5 cm; 51⅜ in barrel Another musket from this distinctive group is preserved in the Tareq Rajab Museum, Kuwait, see Elgood 1995 p. 77 no. 44. Another was sold in these rooms 25 June 2008, lot 64. £2000-3000 92 A 6 BORE INDIAN MATCHLOCK GUN,19TH CENTURY with heavy sighted barrel encrusted with silver scrolls, flowers, foliage and chevrons (losses), retained by a pair of engraved brass bands, the breech fitted with pan with pivot-cover and incorporating the back-sight, a further band of silver behind, iron action retained by five iron rivets with silver flowerhead washers, full stock, faceted butt inlaid with bone bouquets and shaped panels and iron trigger (areas of pitting throughout) 108.5 cm; 42¾ in barrel £900-1200 93 A 22 BORE FLINTLOCK TRADE GUN, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, 19TH CENTURY with two-stage sighted barrel, flat lock stamped with an elephant mark and ‘Warranted’, full stock and iron mounts including sideplate and six ramrod-pipes, in a fringed leather sleeve 129.5 cm; 51 in barrel £120-180

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95

94 A FINE 20 BORE OTTOMAN PERCUSSION RIFLE, TURKEY, CIRCA 1830 with heavy octagonal etched twist swamped sighted barrel rifled with four slender grooves, encrusted with a panel of tightly scrolling foliage at the breech and the muzzle, the former struck with a gold-lined barrelsmith’s mark, iron tang decorated with gold en suite with the breech and including a brief inscription, flush-fitting lock retained by a single screw on the outside, fitted with partially enclosed hammer and decorated over its surface with gold scrollwork, hardwood full stock profusely inlaid with silver wire scrolls and pellets over the greater part of its surface (small losses, lifting), cut with a panel of chequering at the fore-end and the grip each in imitation of woven fabric, the butt carved with an elaborate trophy-of-arms on each side, iron mounts comprising trigger-guard and butt-plate each engraved with scrolls and highlighted with gold foliage, three moulded ramrod-pipes, white metal barrel bolt escutcheons (one barrel bolt missing), and iron ramrod 70 cm; 27⅝ in barrel The inscriptions include ‘amal-e adam (Work of Adam) and ‘Prizren’ £2000-3000 95 A 20 BORE OTTOMAN PERCUSSION RIFLED CARBINE, TURKEY, CIRCA 1840 with octagonal twist sighted barrel rifled with four grooves, formed with a low slender moulding on the outside of the muzzle, folding leaf back-sight, the breech with a gold inlaid inscription, tang of shaped outline decorated with gold scrollwork and border ornament, back-action lock decorated en suite with the tang, fitted with sliding safety-catch, and matching hammer, highly figured walnut half-stock, chequered grip, iron mounts comprising trigger-guard, butt-plate and patchbox-cover all inlaid with gold en suite with the lock and breech, three ramrod-pipes, silver fore-end cap, silver barrel bolt escutcheons, vacant silver escutcheon, a pair of sling swivels, and original ramrod (tip missing) 47.4 cm; 18⅝ in barrel £800-1200

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96

97

96 A PAIR OF 18 BORE OTTOMAN BALKAN SILVER-MOUNTED FLINTLOCK KUBUR PISTOLS, 18TH CENTURY with tapering barrels chiselled with a vertical arrangement of standing and mounted figures, retained by broad silver muzzle bands chased with flowers and scrollwork within beadwork frames, chiselled tangs and rounded locks en suite with the barrels (one steel cracked), full stocks (small cracks and chips), moulded over the fore-ends, carved with foliate mouldings beneath the barrels, about the tangs and the locks, and a notched pattern on the left of the breeches, full silver mounts cast and chased in low relief with foliage and delicate scrolling tendrils, comprising sideplates, spurred pommels, trigger-guards and escutcheons, and chased spiralling imitation ramrods 36 cm; 14¼ in barrels (2) The chiselled decoration on the barrels and locks is typical of Ulcinj, Montenegro. See Elgood 2009, p. 193. ‡ £1800-2200 97 A PAIR OF 16 BORE OTTOMAN LONG FLINTLOCK KUBUR PISTOLS, EARLY 19TH CENTURY, PROBABLY TURKEY with tapering barrels retained by broad silver muzzle bands chased with a pattern of scrolling tendrils and flowerheads within a framework of pellets, formed with a long flat and inlaid in silver with a pseudo barrelsmith’s signature and scrollwork, engraved bevelled locks (one defective), carved full stocks (chipped), impressed ‘1388’ and ‘1389’ on the right of the respective tangs, engraved steel mounts including pierced side-plates, spurred pommels, and trigger-guards with foliate terminals, and each with chased silver imitation ramrod incorporated within the muzzle band 42.5 cm; 16¾ in barrels (2) ‡ £1500-2500 31


98

99

98 A PAIR OF 16 BORE OTTOMAN SILVER-MOUNTED FLINTLOCK KUBUR PISTOLS, TURKEY, EARLY 19TH CENTURY each with tapering barrel formed with a short flat over the breech and a pair of slender flutes towards the muzzle, retained by a large silver muzzle band chased with broad scrolls of foliage and a further engraved barrel band, broad shaped tangs, engraved rounded locks, carved full stocks decorated with scrolls over the greater part of their surface, the butts enriched at the base of the spines with a shaped panel of delicate pointillé framed by silver wire scrolls, spurred silver pommels chiselled with scrolls and foliage, silver scrollwork and foliate escutcheons, pierced scrollwork side-plates (one incomplete), iron trigger-guards with foliate terminals, and imitation silver ramrods 34.2 cm; 13½ in barrels (2) ‡ £1200-1800 99 A PAIR OF 18 BORE SILVER-MOUNTED MIQUELET-LOCK KUBUR PISTOLS, EARLY 19TH CENTURY, NORTHERN GREECE OR ALBANIA each with tapering barrel chiselled with a moulded scale pattern over the breech and each retained by a silver muzzle band chased with traditional patterns of scrolls, steel lock of characteristic form, fitted with chiselled bridles, full stock encased in silver chased with scrolls and foliage en suite with the muzzle band, butt of so-called rat’s tail form, one pistol retaining its trigger-guard decorated with expanded flowerheads (the other missing, one ramrod missing the other replaced) 34.2cm; 13½ in barrels (2) ‡ £800-1200

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101

100 A 32 BORE CAUCASIAN MIQUELET-LOCK PISTOL, THIRD QUARTER OF THE 19TH CENTURY with barrel of ‘hog’s back’ form moulded at the muzzle, profusely decorated with gold scrollwork over its surface, retained by two nielloed silver barrel bands decorated with scrolling foliage, the tang applied with a long silver plaque nielloed with scrolling foliage, iron lock decorated en suite with the barrel, wooden stock covered with black leather (cracked through at the butt), applied with a large shaped nielloed silver panel about the trigger, spherical morse pommel fitted with a large nielloed silver washer at the base and with an associated ring for suspension, and silver fore-end cap extending from the front barrel band 30 cm; 11⅞ in barrel £2000-3000 101 A 20 BORE CAUCASIAN MIQUELET-LOCK PISTOL, THIRD QUARTER OF THE 19TH CENTURY with tapering European barrel with traces of a gold-lined barrelsmith’s mark at the breech, retained by three nielloed silver bands, the tang applied with a long silver plaque nielloed with scrolling foliage (loose, chipped at the base), iron lock with traces of a mark on the bridle, wooden stock covered with black leather, applied with a large shaped nielloed silver panel about the trigger, and a slender panel on the right of the tang (one plaque missing on the left), spherical pommel fitted with a large nielloed silver washer top and bottom, iron button trigger, and silver fore-end cap extending from the front barrel band 31 cm; 12¼ in barrel £1500-2500

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102

103

102 A 20 BORE BALKAN FLINTLOCK KUBUR PISTOL, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 19TH CENTURY, PROBABLY BOKA KOTORSKA, IONNINA OR JANNINA with tapering barrel chiselled with traditional scrollwork and inlaid with brass panels over the breech, retained by broad silver muzzle band chiselled with foliage against a punched gilt ground and enriched with niello (rubbed), the tang overlaid with a nielloed silver plaque, border-engraved lock fitted with roller, full stock encased with finely nielloed silver against a punched parcelgilt ground decorated with a running pattern of flowers and foliage over the fore-end and the butt, the latter with integral pommel, matching trigger-guard, and simulated ramrod 29.2 cm; 11½ in barrel This pistol forms part of a group that were almost certainly made for the Greeks at the court of King Otto in the third decade of the 19th century as part of the Greek Romantic Revival following the War of Liberation. Another example is illustrated Elgood 1995, pp. 62-3. Another was sold in these rooms 27 June 2012, lot 96. ‡ £1200-1800 103 AN 18 BORE GREEK MIQUELET-LOCK KUBUR PISTOL, CIRCA 1820 with tapering barrel formed with a medial flat and engraved with foliage, retained by a silver muzzle band chased with flowers and foliage, flat lock (associated) fitted with filed bridle, finely decorated silver stock chased with flowers, foliage and trophies-of-arms against a punched and gilt background enriched with niello, characteristic small pommel decorated en suite, and simulated ramrod 32 cm; 12⅝ in barrel ‡ £1000-1200

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104

105

104 A 20 BORE GREEK MIQUELET-LOCK KUBUR PISTOL, CIRCA 1820 with tapering barrel chiselled with foliage and a grotesque over the breech, retained by a silver muzzle band chased with flowers and foliage against a punched ground, stepped lock (pitted) with imitation European signature, finely decorated silver stock chased with a near symmetrical arrangement of flowers and foliage against a punched ground and enriched with niello, the underside including imitation ramrod and a green man mask, and writhen butt and small pommel each decorated en suite 23.2 cm; 9⅛ in barrel £800-1200 105 A 20 BORE SILVER-MOUNTED MIQUELET-LOCK PISTOL FOR THE BALKAN MARKET, LATE 18TH CENTURY, POSSIBLY BRESCIA with tapering barrel formed with a raised flat, inscribed ‘Pro. Tironi di Franco’ over the breech, chiselled with a raised moulding and retained by two chased silver bands each decorated with scrolling tendrils, the forward band incorporating a sight, flat lock dated 1788 (steel toe chipped), the tail overlaid with a silver plate, full stock carved with incised patterns over the fore-end (chips), the butt studded with numerous studs and flowerheads, silver mounts cast and chased with scrolling tendrils and flowerheads, comprising solid side-plate, trigger-guard with long shaped terminals at the front and back (the latter repaired), spurred pommel of so-called rat’s tail form, two ramrod-pipes and iron ramrod 32 cm ; 12⅝ in barrel See Elgood 2009, p. 94 ‡ £500-700

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106

108

106 AN 18 BORE OTTOMAN SILVER-MOUNTED FLINTLOCK KUBUR PISTOL, TURKEY, EARLY 19TH CENTURY with russet twist barrel formed with a long flat, encrusted with silver foliage and beadwork over the breech and retained by a chased silver muzzle band, rounded lock, full stock profusely inlaid with engraved silver flowerhead panels enclosed by scrolling tendrils and pellets, the fore-end with panels of engraved silver along the length of the barrel, a further engraved panel about the tang involving two stylised monsterheads, the butt decorated en suite (repairs, the inlay with losses), silver mounts comprising sideplate in the European taste, trigger-guard (cracked), spurred pommel, escutcheon chiselled with a portrait medallion, ramrodpipe and simulated ramrod 31 cm; 12¼ in barrel ‡ £600-800 107 A 20 BORE OTTOMAN FLINTLOCK KUBUR PISTOL, TURKEY, EARLY 19TH CENTURY in the European taste, with two-stage barrel chiselled with trophies-of-arms in high relief over the breech, retained by a shaped silver muzzle band chased with trophies-of-arms and two further barrel bands, rounded lock chiselled en suite with the breech (the barrel and lock with areas of pitting), full stock (chipped and repaired) inlaid with silver wire scrolls over the spine, overlaid with a pierced plaque about the tang, silver mounts (rubbed) including side-plate trigger-guard and spurred pommel all cast and chased with trophies-of-arms in relief 31.7 cm; 12½ in barrel ‡ £400-600 108 AN 18 BORE OTTOMAN FLINTLOCK KUBUR PISTOL TURKEY, 19TH CENTURY with tapering barrel formed with a long flat and chiselled with foliage over the breech (pitted), engraved bevelled lock, carved full stock, and brass mounts including spurred pommel, and imitation ramrod 31 cm; 12¼ in barrel ‡ £250-350

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110

Eastern Edged Weapons VARIOUS OWNERS 109 A NORTH EUROPEAN DISH-HILT RAPIER, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY, AUSTRIAN OR GERMAN with tapering slender hollow-triangular blade, etched with exotic birds, scrolls of foliage and inscriptions at the forte (the etching rubbed, obscured in places), steel hilt comprising pierced, engraved large shallow circular dish-guard embossed with a pattern of spiralling flutes to form a large expanded flowerhead, a pair of straight slender quillons with attenuated bud-shaped terminals, quillon-block chiselled with volutes and scrolls, tall fluted ovoid pommel formed en suite with the quillon terminals, and retaining an early grip of twisted wire and ‘Turks’ heads’ 111cm; 43¾in blade £2000-3000 110 AN ITALIAN RAPIER, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY with slender blade stamped with an inscription including the sacred letters ‘IHS’ (rubbed) within a short fuller on each face, grooved ricasso struck with a mark on each face, iron hilt of faceted bars including a pair of vertically recurved quillons, three outer ring-guards (one removed), the lowest fitted with a pierced sprung-in plate, knuckle-guard with recurved finial, and faceted ovoid pommel, and wooden grip with a portion of its plaited wire binding (loose, the hilt with surface rust, small cracks) 107.5 cm; 42⅜ in blade ‡ £1500-1800

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111 A NORTH EUROPEAN CAVALRY SWORD, MID-17TH CENTURY with slender blade stamped with a brief inscription within a short fuller on each face, iron hilt comprising straight cross-piece with moulded button-shaped terminals, outer ring-guard interrupted by a central moulding en suite with the quillons, associated buttonshaped pommel, and the grip bound with plaited wire and ‘Turk’s heads’ (worn) 85.5 cm; 33¾ in blade £500-700 112 AN ENGLISH SMALL-SWORD WITH GILT-BRASS HILT, LATE 18TH CENTURY with French blade of hollow-triangular section, etched and gilt with trophies and foliage (cleaned with chemicals), gilt-brass hilt cast and chased in low relief, comprising oval shell-guard decorated with an engraved flower head in the centre of the inner face and with beadwork around the border, short quillon with flattened globular terminal, knuckle-guard chased en suite with the guard, a pair of slender pas d’âne, flattened ovoid pommel and solid grip each en suite, in a parchment-covered wooden scabbard, perhaps the original, with brass mounts 81.5 cm; 32⅛ in blade A sword with a silver hilt of almost identical design by Cornelius Bland is illustrated in Southwick 1982, no. 217. Another, inscribed ‘Donné par la Martinique’ was sold in these rooms 29 June 2011, lot 200. £800-1000 113 A SWEPT-HILT RAPIER IN GERMAN LATE 16TH CENTURY STYLE, 20TH CENTURY with tapering slender blade cut with a short fuller on each face, iron hilt of fluted bars, including a pair of short straight quillons, outer ring-guards, knuckle-guard, trifurcated inner-guard, faceted pommel and wire-bound grip 100 cm; 39⅜ in blade £150-250

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114 AN ENGLISH MORTUARY SWORD, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY in excavated condition, with tapering double-edged blade formed with a long fuller on each face, iron basket-guard (loose) retaining traces of chiselled portrait medallions, formed with knuckle-plate, vertical bars and additional scrolling bars bars front and back, and small ovoid pommel 78.7 cm; 31 in blade £300-400 115 A SCOTTISH RIBBON-HILTED BROADSWORD, LAST QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY with double-edged blade formed with a short fuller, stamped ‘Andria Ferara’ between a series of decorative marks including the letter ‘S’ and with a running wolf on each face, steel basket-guard of ribbon-like bars extending to a small blunt beak at the front, involving saltires incorporating circular panels (small chips and cracks), S-shaped bars, fitted with a pair of slender rounded bars at the rear, bun-shaped pommel, the main parts of the basket decorated with incised lines, and later wooden grip (areas of pitting) 92.3 cm; 36⅜ in blade £2000-3000 116 A SCOTTISH BASKET-HILTED BROADSWORD, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 18TH CENTURY with tapering blade cut with a pair of short fullers on each face continuing into the ricasso, iron basket-guard of square-section bars carrying alternating rectangular and square panels, each pierced with symmetrical arrangements of hearts and circles within linear frames, the outermost panels with shaped ramshorn basal mouldings (one panel missing), vestigial quillon, later bun-shaped pommel, later banded grip, and red liner 89.2 cm; 35⅛ in blade £1000-1500

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117 A SCOTTISH BASKET-HILTED BACKSWORD, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 18TH CENTURY with tapering blade formed with a pair of long fullers on each face and stamped ‘Andria Farara’ between a series of decorative crosses, iron basket-guard of rounded bars carrying alternating rectangular and square panels each pierced with symmetrical arrangements of hearts and circles within linear frames, the border of the panels filed with cusped designs (one panel replaced, the other with a small crack), the outermost panels with pierced ramshorn basal mouldings, scrolling quillon, later fluted bunshaped pommel, spirally moulded fishskin-covered grip, and a portion of a leather liner 73.2 cm; 28⅞ in blade £1000-1500 118 A HIGHLAND BASKET-HILTED BACKSWORD, SECOND HALF OF THE 18TH CENTURY with straight blade double-edged for its upper third, cut with two long fullers on each face, iron basket-guard of rounded bars carrying alternating oval and square panels each pierced with symmetrical arrangements of hearts and circles, a pair of loops, scrolling quillon, fluted bun-shaped pommel, and spirally carved fishskin-covered grip (repairs, areas of pitting, grip binding missing) 86.6 cm; 34⅛ in blade £600-800

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119 A SPANISH LEFT-HAND DAGGER, LATE 17TH CENTURY with sharply tapering single-edged blade of triangular section, the lower portion cut with a deeply notched pattern bordered by dots on each face, broad ricasso recessed for the thumb, decorated with a pierced aperture, further notches and chiselled with a crowned eagle displayed on the front and foliage on the reverse, iron hilt comprising straight quillons with chiselled fluted buttonshaped terminals, broad triangular guard with notched border, the inside fitted with guardapolvo pierced and chiselled with an eagle and foliage en suite with the ricasso, engraved bun-shaped pommel, and the grip bound with plaited wire and ribband between a pair of fluted iron collars (areas of light pitting) 47.5 cm; 18ž in blade £2000-3000

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120 A SPANISH LEFT-HAND DAGGER, EARLY 17TH CENTURY with tapering blade struck with the abbreviated sacred inscription ‘IHS’ within a long central fuller on each face, iron hilt comprising a pair of vertically recurved quillons with pierced terminals, chiselled rectangular quillon-block, up-turned pointed guard chiselled with a spray of acanthus on the outer face and pierced around the border, associated fluted pommel chiselled with foliage, and later spirally grooved grip bound with wire between ‘Turk’s heads’ (areas of pitting) 30.5 cm; 12 in blade £700-900 121 AN ITALIAN GUNNER’S STILETTO, EARLY 17TH CENTURY with long sharply tapering blade of stiff triangular-section, incised with graduated numbers on one face, moulded ricasso, brass hilt comprising a pair of short writhen bud-shaped quillons, matching pommel, and spirally carved horn grip enriched with brass nails (binding missing) 32 cm; 12⅝ in blade £600-800 122 AN ITALIAN DAGGER FORMED ENTIRELY OF STEEL, LATE 17TH CENTURY with tapering blade formed in two stages, recessed baluster-shaped ricasso struck with the letter ‘R’ on one face, integral spirally moulded tapering grip, and one moulded quillon with button-shaped terminal (the other missing, pitted) 21.5 cm; 8½ in blade £400-600

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123 AN ITALIAN STILETTO, 17TH CENTURY AND LATER with tapering blade of triangular section, moulded ricasso, later iron hilt comprising a pair of chiselled monsterhead quillons, and moulded grip chiselled with three horizontal bands filled with grotesque masks 26 cm; 10¼ in blade £400-600 124 AN UNUSUAL HUNTING DAGGER, PROBABLY ITALIAN MID-18TH CENTURY with tapering blade double-edged toward the point, recessed over the forte to accommodate a threaded bodkin integral with hilt, the latter involving an engraved silver ferrule top and bottom, the grip veneered with tortoiseshell on each side and enriched with patterns of nails (chips and small losses), in its white metal-mounted horn scabbard inset with pellets en suite with the grip 18 cm; 7⅛ in blade £700-900 125 A FOLDING POCKET KNIFE BY JOHN PETTY & SONS, SHEFFIELD, SECOND HALF OF THE 19TH CENTURY with ten folding blades including small knives, screw-head, and bodkin, brass body fitted with ivory facings over brass fillets, gold washed springs, and the ivory inlaid with silver flowers and foliage 11.8 cm; 4⅝ in body £2000-3000

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126 FOUR MEDIEVAL SPEAR HEADS, 8TH/11TH CENTURY in excavated condition, the first with triangular head, slanting shoulders, and tapering socket; the second with elongated leafshaped head and tapering socket (chipped); the third with shorter leaf-shaped head and tapering socket; and the last with leaf-shaped head, and tapering socket (chipped) extending over the base of the blade the first: 19.7 cm; 7¾ in overall (4) £250-350 127 TWO VICTORIAN 1845 PATTERN INFANTRY OFFICER’S SWORDS the first by Wilkinson, no. 21273, with etched blade (hilt cracked and bent); the second with traces of etching on the blade (hilt cracked and bent); and two further swords the first: 85.6 cm; 33¾ in blade (4) ‡ £80-120 128 A GEORGE V OFFICER’S SWORD with etched fullered blade silvered hilt, leather-covered grip, in its field service scabbard 83 cm; 32¾ in blade £80-120

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129 A MAMELUKE-HILTED OFFICER’S SWORD, MID-19TH CENTURY with curved blade double-edged towards the point, etched on each face with scrolling foliage and a panel of pseudo Turkish script, signed on one face at the forte ‘Firmin & Sons, 153 Strand, London’, gilt-brass Mameluke hilt comprising a pair of quillons cast with foliage and a central flowerhead, back-strap and carved grips (small chips) retained by gilt-brass rivets over foliate washers 80 cm; 31½ in blade ‡ £400-600 130 A VICTORIAN SWORD OF THE ROYAL DOCKYARD BATTALION BY WILKINSON with etched regulation blade including the crowned Royal Cypher, fouled anchor and ‘Royal Dockyard Battn’, gilt-brass hilt with folding side-guard, and fishskin-covered grip 82 cm; 32⅜ in blade £200-250 131 A VICTORIAN NAVAL OFFICER’S SWORD BY HENRY WILKINSON PALL MALL, NO. 22938 FOR 1879 with etched regulation blade including the crowned Royal Arms, fouled anchor and the maker’s details, gilt-brass hilt with sprung folding side-guard, sharkskin-covered grip and sword knot, in its brass-mounted leather scabbard 81.2 cm; 32 in blade £350-450 132 A VICTORIAN NAVAL OFFICER’S SWORD BY KENNING, LITTLE BRITAIN, LONDON with etched regulation blade including the crowned Royal Arms, fouled anchor and the maker’s details, gilt-brass hilt with folding side-guard, sharkskin-covered grip and sword knot, in its brass-mounted leather scabbard (mounts loose) 80 cm; 31½ in blade £200-300

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133 A FINE PRESENTATION SWORD TO ALEXANDER WEST HAMILTON ESQ, MAJOR COMMANDANT OF THE AYR AND KILMARNOCK VOLUNTEER RIFLEMEN, DATED 1804, BY TATHAM, SWORD CUTLER TO THE KING with curved blade double-edged for its last third, formed with a long broad shallow fuller on each face, etched on one face with the crest and motto of the Hamilton family, a tree, saw and the word ‘Through’, presentation inscription, full Royal arms and motto and foliage, the other face etched with foliage, the figure of Victory, a Rifleman, strung bugle, a trophy-of-arms, the figure of Britannia and the maker’s details, Tatham, sword Cutler to the King, No 37 Charing Cross, the back-edge etched ‘Warranted’ at the forte, gilt-brass stirrup hilt in the French taste, cast and chased in low relief, comprising slender down-curved quillon, ropework quillon-block, knuckle-guard decorated with oak foliage at the top, and lion mask cap pommel, and the grip retaining its original binding of plaited and twisted silver wire, in its iron scabbard with large brass mounts comprising finely chiselled locket with the mask of Mercury on each side in high relief, a pair of bands for suspension decorated with lilies and scale pattern, and openwork chape decorated with acanthus 80 cm; 31½ in blade The presentation inscription reads: This sabre is presented to Alexander West Hamilton Esqr. Major Commandant of the Ayr and Kilmarnock Volunteer Riflemen, by the Non Commissioned Officer’s and Privates of that Corps, in testimony of their attachment, respect and gratitude to him, for his unremitting assiduity in promoting the interest of the regiment. October 1804 Alexander West Hamilton (c. 1765-1837) was the second son of John Hamilton of Sundrum, Ayrshire, (1739-1821) and Lilias Montgomerie (1743-1827), sister of the 12th Earl of Eglinton, who married in Edinburgh in April 1762. As well as being substantial and well-connected merchants and landed proprietors in Ayrshire, that branch of the Hamilton family owned sugar plantations in Jamaica and it is known that Alexander West Hamilton spent some of his early years in that island, perhaps gaining his first military experience there. He is recorded as being a lieutenant in the artillery company of the 1st (or St Mary’s) battalion of the St Mary’s and St George’s Regiment of Jamaica Militia in 1790 and was appointed aide-de-camp to the Governor of Jamaica, the Earl of Balcarres, in the rank of lieutenant-colonel in December 1800. Following the collapse of the Peace of Amiens and the outbreak of the war with Napoleonic France in 1803, troops of yeomanry and companies of volunteer infantry were raised throughout Britain for home defence. In Ayrshire, the Ayr Volunteer Riflemen and the Kilmarnock Volunteer Riflemen were both raised in August 1803, the Ayr Riflemen 100 men strong and the Kilmarnock Riflemen with a strength of 60 men. Hamilton was given command of the Ayr Riflemen in the rank of captain. In February 1804, the two units amalgamated to form the Ayr and Kilmarnock Volunteer Riflemen and Hamilton was promoted major commandant. Throughout 1804 and 1805, as the threat of invasion from France increased, the unit grew in size; by October 1805, when Hamilton was promoted lieutenant-colonel commandant, it comprised six companies, containing nearly 400 men of all ranks, and had changed its title to the Ayrshire Volunteer Rifle Battalion (sometimes referred to as the Ayrshire Rifle Battalion). By 1806, the battalion was dressed in green jackets with green facings, green breeches and black lace. In September 1808, the battalion was subsumed into the Ayrshire Local Militia but retained its separate identity and title; it may have continued in existence until 1816, although Hamilton is recorded as having been in Jamaica in 1814. While the ending of the war with France in 1815 removed the threat of invasion, periods of domestic unrest (at a time when Britain lacked a police force) continued to necessitate the existence of units of volunteer soldiers whose role was to maintain law and order and the status quo for the governing classes. One of these was the Loyal Ayr Volunteers, also known as the Ayr Infantry; it was raised in an initial four companies in November 1819 under the command of Hamilton as its lieutenant-colonel; its officers were all commissioned in April 1820 but Hamilton relinquished command on 12th August 1822. Hamilton’s two wives were found from the landed gentry of Ayrshire. His first wife was Mary, daughter of James Ritchie of Coylton, whom he married in March 1805; she died in January 1806, probably in childbirth. His second wife was his cousin, Hamilla (d. 1852), daughter of Alexander Montgomerie of Annick Lodge (1744-1802), whom he married in January 1816; the couple had eight children, seven daughters and a son. In 1829, Hamilton inherited the Ayrshire estates of Belleisle and Pinmore from his uncle, Hugh Hamilton. Following the ending of slavery in the British Empire in 1833, Hamilton received more than £2,000 (more than £100,000 today) in compensation for the freeing of the 102 slaves that until their emancipation were retained on his two estates in Jamaica. Henry Tatham, a prominent Royal sword cutler, worked at this address from 1798 until his death in 1835 after which the firm continued until 1860. See Southwick 2001, p. 237. An identical sword, though unsigned, to Lieutenant Colonel the Honourable William Monson and dated 1802 was sold in these rooms 25 June 2008, lot 195. ‡ £6000-8000

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134 A GEORGE V COURT SWORD BY RANKEN & CO. LTD, INDIA with etched blade including ‘GRV’ crowned, scrolls of foliage and a pair of crossed lances gilt-brass hilt cast with beadwork, in its brass-mounted leather scabbard, with its sword knot 78.7 cm; 31 in blade £150-200

139 A GEORGE V NAVAL DIRK BY GIEVES of regulation type, with etched blade including crowned fouled anchor, the Royal arms, cypher and the maker’s name, giltbrass hilt, sharkskin-covered grip, in its leather scabbard with gilt-brass mounts, complete with sword knot and with its chamois leather cover 45.7 cm; 18 in blade £250-350

135 A 1908 PATTERN CAVALRY OFFICER’S SWORD BY WILKINSON, NO. 65181, DATED 1935 with etched regulation blade incorporating the date and the owner’s name (feint, areas of pitting), regulation hilt, fishskincovered grip, in its field service scabbard 89.2 cm; 35⅛ in blade The Wilkinson archives state that sword no. 65181 was sold on 16/12/1935, described as “Cavalry”, to W. Chassels. £200-250 136 A GEORGE V ROYAL AIR FORCE OFFICER’S SWORD BY GIEVES, with etched blade, gilt-brass hilt cast with crowned eagle, crowned Royal Cypher and pierced with foliage, eagle pommel, complete with its bullion sword knot, in its brassmounted leather scabbard, complete with a regulation buckle 83.2 cm; 32¾ in blade (2)

140 TWO CONTINENTAL OFFICER’S SWORDS, SECOND HALF OF THE 19TH CENTURY with curved fullered blades double-edged towards the points, brass half-basket hilts cast and pierced with foliage, moulded knuckle-guards, cap pommels, and banded horn grips bound with plaited wire 72.2 cm; 28½ in and 75.5 cm; 29¾ in blades (2) £200-300 141 A CONTINENTAL CAVALRY SWORD, LAST QUARTER OF THE 19TH CENTURY with pipe-backed blade, sheet steel hilt stamped ‘E017’, with two ribbon-like outer bars, chequered back-strap and wooden grip, in its steel scabbard 85 cm; 33½ in blade £80-120

£250-350 137 A HIGHLAND BASKET-HILTED BROADSWORD BY WILKINSON, NO. 87571 FOR 1964 with broad double-edged blade formed with a central fuller on each face, etched with scrolls of traditional foliage and with the maker’s details, plated basket-hilt formed of alternating square and rectangular panels pierced with hearts, fishskincovered grip, complete with its doeskin liner and silk tassel, in its black leather scabbard with silvered locket and chape 83.2 cm; 32¾ in blade The Wilkinson archives state that sword no. 87571 was sold on 29/12/1964, described as “Claymore”, to Messrs. G. Alexandre. £250-350 138 A BRITISH 1856 PATTERN INFANTRY PIONEER’S SHORTSWORD BY WILKINSON AND A BRASS-MOUNTED LANCASTER BAYONET the first with saw-backed blade, stamped with marks including the maker’s details at the forte, in its scabbard; the second with German blade, brass hilt, in its brass-mounted scabbard the first: 57.5 cm; 22⅝ in blade (2) £300-500

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142 A FRENCH MODEL 1822 LIGHT CAVALRY OFFICER’S SWORD, DATED 1828 of regulation type, with pipe-backed blade struck with a series of marks at the forte including that of J. A. Bisch, Controller, with Klingenthal Royal arsenal inscription and the date on the back-edge, brass hilt, wire-bound leather-covered grip, in its scabbard 85 cm; 33½ in blade £200-250 143 A PRUSSIAN MODEL 1889 CAVALRY SWORD with pipe-backed blade (areas of pitting), steel hilt, composite grip, in its scabbard stamped ‘15.H.1’ at the throat 82.2 cm; 32⅜ in blade £150-250


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144 A PAIR OF FRENCH FENCING EPÉES, LATE 19TH/EARLY 20TH CENTURY each with tapering hollow-triangular blade, blunted at the point, inscribed ‘Coulaux & Cie, Klingenthal’ at the forte, iron hilt comprising oval dish-guard chiselled on the outer face, chiselled tall ovoid pommels, bound grips, and leather liners (one tang bent) 87 cm; 34¼ in blades (2) £120-180 145 A PAIR OF CONTINENTAL FENCING EPEÉS, LATE 19TH/EARLY 20TH CENTURY each with tapering hollow-triangular blade, blunted at the point, stamped with a beehive mark at the forte, iron hilt comprising pierced oval dish-guard, tall-ovoid pommel, and leather-covered grip 87.3 cm; 34⅜ in blades (2) £100-150 146 A PAIR OF FRENCH FENCING EPEÉS, LATE 19TH/EARLY 20TH CENTURY each with tapering blade of rectangular section, stamped ‘Coulaux & Cie’ at the forte, iron hilt comprising figure-of-eight shaped guard, tapering pommel, and cord-bound grip, in their fabric carrying case with hinged ‘purse’ closure 83.8 cm; 33 in blades (2) £80-120

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Militaria VARIOUS OWNERS

147 AN OFFICER’S CLOAK AND OTHER ITEMS OF THE GUIDES CAVALRY with maker’s label of Hawkes, 14 Piccadilly, inscribed to JK Hensley Esq. A fine dark blue cloak with scarlet cloth lining to collar. A double row of plain white metal half-ball buttons to front, scarlet shalloon lining (top button missing); two lightweight khaki Service Dress tunics, one with scarlet piping round the collar (both lacking all badges and buttons); a good Sam Browne belt of Guides pattern, with white metal fittings, complete with sword-frog, brace and whistle but lacking its rectangular regimental waistplate; a brown pigskin pistolholster and flat leather pouch, both with loops to attach to a Sam Browne; and a leather-covered swagger-stick (7) Frederic King Hensley was commissioned into the 15th Madras Infantry in 1902, transferring to the Guides shortly afterwards. He was promoted Lieutenant in 1903 and Captain in 1910. The 1914 Indian Army List shows him attached to the Assam Military Police. He accompanied the Egyptian Expeditionary Force from June to November 1918, and subsequently transferred to the 12th Frontier Force Regiment. He appears as a Lieutenant Colonel in the 1927 IAL £200-300 148 AN OFFICER’S FULL DRESS TUNIC OF THE 27TH MADRAS INFANTRY a scarlet uniform with yellow cloth facings and white piping to fronts. Gold lace edging to collar and pointed cuffs, the collar lace traced with a row of gold Russia braid eyes; a similar tracing above and below double row of lace to sleeves, forming a small Austrian knot at the top and crowsfoot in the angle. Gilt buttons bearing regimental number and MAHIDPORE. Twisted gold shoulder-cords mounted with Lieutenant Colonel’s rank-badges

150 AN OFFICER’S VICTORIAN UNIFORM OF THE BENGAL STAFF CORPS a scarlet Full Dress tunic with blue cloth facings and white piping to fronts. The collar edged with gold “Vellum” lace traced with Russia braid eyes, and bearing a crown in embroidery at each end. Pointed cuffs edged with three rows of gold lace, the lower edge traced with Russia eyes and with a crowsfoot in the angle. Richly-gilt buttons with VR cypher within a crowned circlet bearing the Corps title; a companion scarlet shell jacket, edged all round with gold Russia braid and with a row of gilt studs to front. Blue collar and sharply pointed cuffs, gold Russia eyes within the collar and on the sleeve ornament; and a scarlet V-fronted waistcoat, also edged with gold Russia and with hook-and-eye fastening covered by gilt studs (3) £100-150 151 A COLLECTION OF IMAGES OF INDIAN ARMY UNITS two group photographs, both of the 5th Field Battery, 1st Brigade RFA at Kamptea, Madras in 1889-90, one showing officers and NCOs, the other of the full battery; eleven prints by Simkin, 8½ in. x 9½ in. and slightly smaller, depicting native soldiers of various regiments and corps, including the Viceroy’s Bodyguard, the 10th Bengal Lancers, the 3rd Madras Light Cavalry, 2nd Bombay Lancers, Mountain Artillery, Madras Sappers and Miners and 29th Bombay Native Infantry; five prints by H Burnett, showing the 13th Bengal Lancers, 1st Madras Pioneers, 15th Sikhs, etc; and a gilt-edged paper fan, painted with the device of the 5th Battalion, 1st Punjab Regiment and inscribed Tokyo 21 Dec 1946 (qty) £40-60

149 AN OFFICER’S FULL DRESS TUNIC OF THE INDIAN POLICE with maker’s label of SW Silver, inscribed to AG Scott. A dark blue tunic of Rifles style, edged and trimmed with black cord. Five loops each side in front, fastened with olivets and forming eyes and double-drops with caps. Cord ornaments to backseams. Pointed cuffs, edged with the same cord forming an Austrian knot at the top and with a black Russia crowsfoot in the angle. One-inch black mohair braid edging to collar. Shoulder-cords of plaited chain gimp, each mounted with three mullets in white metal and shoulder-title IP. (One shoulder-title, one olivet and one cap missing, some stitching faults to collarseam and cord loops). Companion blue trousers with double¾ inch black braid stripes

152 A COLLECTION OF SILVERWARE RELATING TO THE INDIAN ARMY a cigarette-case (hallmark incomplete) engraved with devices of the 17th Dogra regiment, and with an enamel stripe in regimental colours of blue, primrose and crimson; a lady’s octagonal powder-compact, hallmarked Birmingham 1938, also with enamel stripe and devices of the 17th Dogras (mirror cracked); a pepper-pot, London hallmarks, with engraved badge of the Bombay Pioneers and inscription Presented by Captain WR Lloyd James 1923 ; a hip-flask with Birmingham hallmarks (date illegible), engraved with 16 LC and initials O.W.L.; A silver teaspoon (hallmark illegible); and a silver-plated mustard-pot engraved with an Elephant and IV over a scroll inscribed ASSAYE (6)

£80-120

£80-120

£80-120

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153 A MILITARY STRONGBOX AND OTHER ITEMS a massive steel box, 16in. x 12in. x 7in., with hinged lid, the lock retaining its key but internal shelf of box missing. Interior with name of manufacturer T Johnson & Co and date-stamped 1913. Containing a red and black horsehair plume for a Trooper’s helmet of the 3rd Dragoon Guards, a large number of mainly livery crested buttons, a fighting-knife with finelychequered wooden grip, a Napoleonic Eagle 4¾ in. x 5in. in cast metal, a quantity of fine gilt studs for an officer’s mess jacket, and a large number of miscellaneous items. Together with an oval white china dish by Thos Goode & Co, with green border and bearing the device of the 17th Bengal Cavalry; and another plate, depicting Lord Roberts (qty) £40-60 154 A NUMBER OF BOOKS OF GURKHA RIFLES INTEREST All cloth-bound, with maps and illustrations. Lt Colonel HJ Huxford: History of the 8th Gurkha Rifles 1824 - 1849, pub Gale & Polden 1952; Brigadier AEC Bredin: The Happy Warriors, pub Blackmore Press 1961; Major General Nigel Woodyatt: History of the 3rd Queen Alexandra’s Own Gurkha Rifles 1815 - 1927, pub Philip Allan & Co, 1929; CN Barclay: Regimental History of the 3rd Queen Alexandra’s Own Gurkha Rifles (Vol II only, 1927 - 47); and a Delhi Centenary 1857 1957 Diary of Major (later General Sir Charles) Reid, Sirmoor Rifles, from 14th May to 14th September 1857 (5) £30-50 155 AN ORIENTAL CUMMERBUND A beige silk cummerbund, 24in. wide and approximately 45 in. long, with narrow white stripes. Folded and unused, in its paper wrapper with Arabic inscription

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£20-30 156 A THIRD DRAGOON GUARD TROOPER’S HELMET, CIRCA 1871-1901 with brass skull fitted with white horse hair plume, white metal helmet plate charged with the number ‘3’ enclosed by the motto of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, and brass chin-scales (chin-scale lining missing, worn) 40.6 cm; 16 in high

157 AN UNUSUAL COPPER HELMET, POSSIBLY 19TH CENTURY FOR THE INDIAN HORSE ARTILLERY with copper skull fitted with brass comb with red horse hair, red feather plume on the left, the front applied with the brass inscription ‘Horse Artillery’, brass brim, and brass chin-scales 25.3 cm; 10 in high

£300-400

£300-400

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158 A ROYAL ARTILLERY FULL DRESS SABRETACHE, LATE 19TH CENTURY with blue felt body applied with the Royal Arms, regimental device and motto in polychrome and metal thread (worn) 33 cm; 13 in high £150-250 159 A FRENCH FIRST REPUBLIC GILT METAL BELT BUCKLE, CIRCA 1792-4 of gilt metal, the outer face chased with a trophy involving a Phrygian cap, fasces, oak and laurel foliage and the officer’s initial ‘M’ on an oval, the inside with a loop and catch; together with a postcard depicting the bust of Général Monnier, his signed Carte de Visite, and a note from the present owner attributing the buckle to his ownership 9 cm; 3½ in high £200-300

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John Kingsley Lattimer was born in 1914, the son of I. E. Lattimer who was a developer of the first telecommunications satellite and was a pioneer of what became the fax machine. His son inherited his thirst for knowledge and was admitted to Columbia University at fifteen years. At this early age he had already taken courses that included archaeology, astronomy, geology and biology and soon gained three degrees. In 1938, aged twenty four years, he started work as a surgeon. However, this was interrupted soon after when the U. S. joined the Second World War and Dr. Lattimer served with the 82nd and later 101st Airborne divisions. During this period it was soon discovered that he had been invited to participate in the 1936 Olympics but had declined in favour of remaining at Columbia. Consequently the freshly-promoted Major Lattimer was assigned a B-25 Bomber to fly him to Heidelberg between surgeries to train for the ‘GI Olympics’, the Allied athletic events that filled in for the cancelled 1944 Olympic Games. Lattimer took a gold for the 110 metre hurdles, the medal being manufactured from brass not silvergilt because of the war effort. At the end of the war Lattimer was among the contingent that shut down the camp at Dachau. He set up the 115th General Army Hospital in von Runstadt’s old headquarters in Kassel and at the war’s end was detached to Nuremberg to provide medical care for the participants in the trials. Following the war Lattimer returned to his medical career where, by the age of 39, he was both Chairman of the Department of Urology at Columbia and Head Professor at the School of Physicians and Surgeons. He was elected simultaneously as President of both the national and the international organizations, and his work laid the foundations for the first studies in the field of paediatric urology. Lattimer has been credited with the discovery of the cure for Renal Tuberculosis, until then a certain death sentence and now rarely seen as a result of his work. He pioneered a number of internal reconstructive techniques for babies and small children that gave many the opportunity for a normal life. His fascination with History led to his becoming a ballistics and assassination expert. In 1972, the family of John F. Kennedy chose him to be the first nongovernmental expert to examine X-rays, colour photos and black-and-white negatives taken during the autopsy of the late president. His findings were published on the front-page of the New York Times where he was quoted saying that the images “eliminate any doubt completely” about the validity of the Warren Commission’s conclusion that Oswald fired all the shots that struck the president. In 1948 Lattimer married his childhood sweetheart Jamie Hill and they had three children soon after. They moved from the city to the nearby countryside in 1952 and it was at this time that his collecting started in earnest. Lattimer had been fascinated by weapons since his childhood in Michigan, where his grandfather insisted upon removing the detonator from the live bomb that the ten year old budding collector had dragged home from Charles Lindbergh’s pre-war skip bombing experiments at nearby Selfridge Field. They exploded it in a cornfield with a shot from the pump action .22 that was more often called upon to dispatch red squirrels from his grandmother’s vegetable garden, as illustrated. The Lattimer Family Collections have been described as a virtual military museum, his late 19th century Federal style home being filled with numerous historic pieces including edged weapons, Revolutionary and Civil War rifles, swords and huge turret mounted machine guns from the first World War. Decorated small-swords, notably those with historic provenance, were an area of particular interest to Lattimer and a distinguished group from his collection is now on display in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. The Lattimer family are delighted to offer this group of English and European small-swords for sale, giving collectors an opportunity to acquire a piece from this remarkable collection. New Jersey, October 2013

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Reproduced by kind permission of the Lattimer family collection

JKL by William F. Draper, courtesy of the Lattimer family collection

PROPERTY FROM THE LATTIMER FAMILY COLLECTIONS, NEW JERSEY


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160 A FRENCH SILVER-MOUNTED HUNTING SWORD, MID-18TH CENTURY with fullered blade from an English infantry hangar, stamped ‘Harvey’ on each face, silver hilt including a pair of scrolling quillons (restored), shaped ferrule, and ebonised hardwood ‘pistol’ grip bound by a thin band of silver (chipped) and retained by three pairs of rivets with large oval silver heads 53.5 cm; 21⅛ in blade Literature: D. D. Hartzler 2000, fig. 140; inv. no. JKL 443 ‡ £200-300 161 AN ENGLISH SILVER-HILTED HUNTING SWORD, MID-18TH CENTURY with straight blade double-edged towards the point, etched with strapwork over the forte (worn, areas of pitting), engraved silver hilt (shell-guard missing), comprising globular quillon, knuckle-guard struck with three marks (rubbed), and cap pommel engraved with flowers and trophies-of-music, and fluted wooden grip 59.5 cm; 23½ in blade Literature: D. D. Hartzler 2000, fig. 140; inv. no. JKL 440 ‡ £150-250 162 A CONTINENTAL HUNTING SWORD WITH SILVER-PLATED HILT, MID-18TH CENTURY with slightly curved blade double-edged for its upper half (pitted), struck three times with the copper-lined bladesmith’s mark, three stars each with a wavy tail, on the reverse, silvered brass moulded hilt comprising down-turned openwork shell-guard, down-turned quillon with globular terminal, knuckle-guard, cap pommel and fluted hardwood grip (cracked) 51 cm; 20⅛ in blade Literature: D. D. Hartzler 2000, fig. 139; inv. no. JKL 381 ‡ £200-300

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163 AN ENGLISH SILVER-HILTED SMALL-SWORD, LONDON HALLMARKS CIRCA 1770 with tapering hollow-triangular blade etched with scrolls of foliage, a rampant stag and a trophy-of-arms over the forte, silver hilt cast and chased in low relief, comprising double shell-guard formed of a finely pierced trellis pattern within a ropework frame interrupted by expanded flowerheads, globular quillon, a pair of arms struck with silver marks (rubbed, indistinct), knuckle-guard (repaired), pommel and grip all chased en suite with the shell 83.2 cm; 32¾ in blade Literature: D. D. Hartzler 2000, fig. 119 ‡ £300-500 164 A FRENCH SILVER-HILTED SMALL-SWORD, CIRCA 1760 with tapering hollow-triangular blade (tip missing) retaining traces of etched and gilt decoration at the forte, silver hilt cast and chased in low relief (marks rubbed), including double shell-guard decorated with moorish busts within a framework of foliage, quillon, knuckle-guard, quillon-block and pommel all decorated en suite, and grip bound with plaited wire between ‘Turk’s heads’ 69.7 cm; 27½ in blade Literature: D. D. Hartzler 2000, fig. 96; inv. no. JKL 232 ‡ £250-350 165 A CONTINENTAL SILVER-HILTED SMALL-SWORD, CIRCA 1760 with colichemarde blade (tip chipped) etched with a strapwork panel at the forte (rubbed), silver hilt (repairs, small holes), including double shell-guard decorated with a spray of scrolls and moulded brim, quillon-block and pommel all decorated en suite and early grip of plaited silver wire and ribband 87.3 cm; 34⅜ in blade Literature: D. D. Hartzler 2000, fig. 88; inv. no. JKL 550 ‡ £300-500 166 AN ENGLISH SILVER-HILTED SMALL SWORD, LONDON, MID-18TH CENTURY with associated colichemarde blade etched with scrollwork over the forte (rubbed), silver hilt cast and chased with boldly writhen borders, comprising double shell-guard engraved with the initials ‘P.N.’, quillon, a pair of slender arms, knuckle-guard with scrolling terminal (marks rubbed), and spirally fluted oval pommel, the grip with original binding of plaited silver wire and ribband between chased silver collars 82 cm; 32¼ in blade Literature: D. D. Hartzler 2000, fig. 104; inv. no. JKL 346 ‡ £400-600

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167 AN ENGLISH SILVER-HILTED SMALL-SWORD, LONDON MARKS FOR 1782 with associated hollow-triangular blade, silver hilt comprising oval dish-guard with chased beadwork border on the inside, a pair of straight quillons with globular terminals, knuckle-guard, and urn-shaped pommel with beadwork border en suite with the guard, and the grip bound with plaited silver wire and ribband 85.8 cm; 33¾ in blade Literature: D. D. Hartzler 2000, fig. 149; inv. no. JKL 171 A sword with a near identical hilt is illustrated Southwick 2001, p. 292, plate 83. ‡ £400-600 168 A SMALL-SWORD, PROBABLY CONTINENTAL 19TH CENTURY with tapering blade of hollow-triangular section, silvered hilt including oval shell-guard with beadwork border, moulded quillon, a pair of thick arms, knuckle-guard and ovoid pommel and the grip bound with silver wire between plain collars, in its leather scabbard (worn, now in two pieces), with silvered locket, chape and middle band 83.2 cm; 32¾ in blade Literature: D. D. Hartzler 2000, fig. 145; inv. no. JKL 411 ‡ £250-350 169 A SMALL-SWORD, PROBABLY CONTINENTAL 19TH CENTURY with tapering blade of hollow-triangular section, silvered hilt including oval shell-guard with beadwork border enclosing four stylised flowerheads, moulded quillon, a pair of thick arms, knuckle-guard and ovoid pommel and the grip bound with silver wire between plain collars 81.8 cm; 32¼ in blade Literature: D. D. Hartzler 2000, fig. 126; inv. no. JKL 110 ‡ £200-300 170 AN ENGLISH SILVER-HILTED SMALL SWORD, LONDON, MID-18TH CENTURY with associated blade, silver hilt cast and chased in low relief, comprising double shell-guard decorated with scrolls of foliage inhabited with pairs of amorous figures all on a finely punched ground, matching quillon-block, a pair of slender arms, knuckleguard interrupted by a central figurative moulding, and globular pommel en suite with the shell, and the grip bound with plaited wire between silver collars 73.5 cm; 29 in blade Literature: D. D. Hartzler 2000, fig. 91, inv. no. JKL 175 ‡ £300-400

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171 AN ENGLISH SMALL-SWORD WITH BURNISHED STEEL HILT, RETAILED BY D. DRURY SWORD CUTLER TO HIS MAJESTY with polished slender tapering blade of hollow-triangular section, steel hilt set with numerous faceted studs in imitation of brilliants (small losses, the hilt now dismantled), comprising oval dish-guard set with a flower-shaped pattern, forward-canted flattened circular quillon, a pair of very slender arms, knuckle-guard, urn-shaped pommel and faceted grip, in its steel-mounted leather scabbard (cracked), with signed locket, and complete with an early chain for suspension 80.2 cm; 30⅝ in blade Literature: D. D. Hartzler 2000, fig. 104; inv. no. JKL 169 Dru Drury II was a leading goldsmith, knife-handle maker, cutler, inventor and noted entomologist. For an account of this remarkable maker and his sons of the same name see Southwick 2001, pp. 93-6. ‡ £350-450 172 AN ENGLISH SILVER-HILTED SMALL-SWORD, LONDON MARKS FOR 1773, MAKER’S MARK OF WILLIAM KINMAN with slender tapering hollow-triangular blade etched and gilt with scrolls, a rampant lion and the maker’s details ‘’I. W. M. a Solingen’, faceted silver hilt (shell-guard missing), comprising globular quillon, outer ring-guard, knuckle-guard, tall ovoid pommel and swelling grip decorated en suite, in a German silver-mounted parchment-covered scabbard 81.5 cm; 32⅛ in blade Literature: D. D. Hartzler 2000, fig. 121; inv. no. JKL 173 For a discussion of William Kinman see Southwick 2001, p. 159-160. ‡ £300-500 173 A CONTINENTAL SILVER-HILTED SMALL-SWORD, MID-18TH CENTURY, PROBABLY AUSTRIAN with tapering hollow-triangular blade blued over the lower third, silver hilt decorated with a faceted pattern over the greater part of its surface, including oval shell-guard with pierced border, down-curved quillon, knuckle-guard (repaired) struck with a mark at the top, tall ovoid pommel and silver grip decorated en suite 83 cm; 32¾ in blade Literature: D. D. Hartzler 2000, fig. 119; inv. no. JKL 196 ‡ £300-500 174 A CONTINENTAL SILVER-HILTED SMALL-SWORD, CIRCA 1750, PROBABLY GERMAN with tapering blade of triangular section (shortened), inlaid with brass scrollwork on one side of the forte, silver hilt cast and chased in low relief, including double shell-guard decorated with four differing portrait profiles and scrollwork, knuckle-guard interrupted by a matching central moulding (the upper portion missing), globular pommel en suite and the grip with an early binding of silver wire between ‘Turk’s heads’ 68.5 cm; 27 in blade Literature: D. D. Hartzler 2000, fig. 97, inv. no. JKL 234 ‡ £250-350

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PROPERTY SOLD BY ORDER OF THE TRUSTEES OF THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART, NEW YORK


175 A COMPOSITE NORTH ITALIAN ETCHED CORSLET, LATE 16TH CENTURY well composed and decorated, comprising morion with rounded one-piece skull rising to a high roped medial comb (patched at four points), and 'swept' integral brim rising to an acute point front and rear, the latter struck with the initials MB, probably of an erstwhile owner (the rear point restored and the front one patched at its left edge); collar of two lames front and rear (the top one in each case restored, the lower front one with chipped lower edge and the associated lower rear one with plugged holes at its upper edge and a patched extension at its left end); breastplate formed of a main plate of deep, peascod, fashion fitted at its armopenings with fixed gussets (the upper end of the left missing and that of the right restored) and flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive an associated fauld of one lame (the centre of its upper edge cracked) carrying on three restored straps and buckles at each side a trapezoidal tasset, the left of ten lames and the right of eleven lames; one-piece backplate (restored) with broad shallow neck-opening and flanged lower edge; two large symmetrical pauldrons (not a pair) each formed of seven lames of which the lowest four extend inwards only to the armpit (the upper two lames of the right pauldron cracked, the second of them patched); and two fully articulated tubular vambraces (not a pair), each fitted at its upper end with a turner, that of the left of two lames (the upper one restored) and the right of one lame, and at its elbow with a winged bracelet couter of three lames; the main edges of the armour formed with inwards turns, decorated, except in the case of those of the right vambrace with roping, and accompanied at points by roped ribs in some cases terminating in volutes; the morion decorated overall within vertical bands on the crown and strapwork-interlace on the comb with linear etching showing, on a pearled ground, female figures and birds among trophies of arms, and the remainder, except the backplate, finely decorated with bands and borders of relief-etching on a stippled and blackened ground involving at the top of the breastplate the figure of St John the Baptist holding a banner with the abbreviated inscription AD for Agnus Dei, elsewhere allegorical figures, including lions, birds and fabulous beasts, and in the volutes of the breastplate, pauldrons and tassets, classical busts (the etching of both front lames and the upper rear lame of the gorget, the fauld, the uppermost lame of the left turner, and of the right vambrace later) See note at front of catalogue for information concerning stands Provenance Prince Peter Soltykoff, Paris, sold 1860 William H. Riggs, Paris The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Acc. No. 14.25.681 For a discussion of this type of armour see Boccia and Godoy 1992, pp. 87-110, where the decoration is described as "armor decorated with smooth bands alternating with bands filled with small trophies in the Lombard style" as opposed to the more common, and inaccurate, appellation 'Pisan'. ‥ £12000-18000

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PROPERTY SOLD BY THE ART INSTITUTE OF CHICAGO, FROM THE GEORGE F. HARDING COLLECTION TO BENEFIT THE HARDING COLLECTION OF ARMS AND ARMOR


176 A BOAR SWORD IN GERMAN MID-16TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY with broad blade of flattened-diamond section formed with wavy edges, long shank of rectangular section, fitted at the base with a pair of sharp up-turned lugs, iron hilt comprising a pair of down-turned quillons with spherical terminals, outer ring-guard interrupted by a central moulding en suite with the quillons, large globose pommel, and two-stage leather-covered wooden grip 101.2 cm; 39⅞ in blade and shank Provenance Henry Furmage, by 1930 George F. Harding Jr., Chicago Transferred to the Art Institute of Chicago, 1982, Acc. No. 1982.2119 ‡ £1200-1800

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177 A GERMAN MACE FORMED ENTIRELY OF STEEL, MID-16TH CENTURY with bulbous head formed of seven shaped flanges, each fitted with a reinforced tip of cruciform section, moulded central finial, steel haft formed in two tapering sections bordered by writhen collars, the upper octagonal and pierced for a thong and the lower section helically moulded with an alternating pattern of chevrons and fluting, and basal cap decorated en suite (areas of pitting) 60.5 cm; 23¾ in overall Provenance George F. Harding Jr., Chicago, by 1939 Transferred to the Art Institute of Chicago, 1982, Acc. No. 1982.3376 ‡ £2000-3000 178 A GERMAN MACE FORMED ENTIRELY OF STEEL, MID-16TH CENTURY with bulbous head formed of seven shaped flanges, each fitted with a reinforced tip of cruciform section (central finial missing), steel haft formed in two tapering sections divided by a moulded collar, the upper pierced for a thong and the lower section helically moulded (small holes), fitted with a later wooden basal cap 60.5 cm; 23¾ in overall Provenance George F. Harding Jr., Chicago, by 1939 Transferred to the Art Institute of Chicago, 1982, Acc. No. 1982.3498 ‡ £1500-2000

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See note at front of catalogue for information concerning stands Provenance Sixth Count of Asalto, Guadamur Castle, near Toledo, circa 1887 Ambrose Monell, Tuxedo Park, New York, before 1911 Henry Furmage, London George F. Harding Jr, Chicago, purchased 1927 Transferred to the Art Institute of Chicago, 1982, Acc. Nos 1982.2216; 1982.2697a-h 1982. 2879a & b; 1982.3110; 1982.3113; and 1982.3143a & b. The horse bit: His Imperial Highness, Archduke Eugen, Veste Hohenwerfen, Salzburg, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 4 March 1927, lot 932 Literature Bashford Dean, Loan Exhibition of Arms and Armor, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1911, p. 10, pl. VII The main and side-plates of the backplate, the turner and cannons of each vambrace and the stirrups are all of early 16th century date. The horse-bit is probably of 17th century date. ‡ £15000-20000

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Courtesy of the Art Instutute of Chicago Courtesy of the Art Instutute of Chicago

179 A MOUNTED ARMOUR FOR THE ‘JOUSTS REAL’ IN THE SPANISH STYLE OF CIRCA 1500-10, MAINLY 19TH CENTURY WITH SOME EARLY 16TH CENTURY ELEMENTS of great weight, comprising helm with rounded one-piece skull rising to a low medial comb, shaped to the nape, extending downwards over the top of the backplate and fitted at each side of the brow with a projecting sprung stud to engage a frog-mouthed visor and bevor formed in two pieces joined by rivets just behind the vision-slit, the bevor gently shaped to the chin and extending downwards over the upper part of the breastplate to which it is attached by bolts, and its right side fitted with a hinged trapdoor closing a large rectangular ventilation-hole; breastplate formed of a medially-ridged main plate fitted at the top of its right arm-opening with a projecting flange and at its centre with a fixed reinforcing breastplate through which protrude at each side five pierced staples, retaining at the right a large rigid openwork lance-rest, and at the left, an even larger openwork frame fitted with studs to support a shield, and the lower edge of the main plate fitted with a waist-plate bearing at its left side a large loose ring to support the bridle-arm and flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive a fauld of two lames, the lower edge of which retains on a pair of turning-pins at each side a medially-ridged one-piece tasset, the left longer than the right, and both cut away in a curve over the crotch; backplate formed of a central main plate that narrows to its lower end and two side-plates (the right patched at its lower end) rigidly connected to one another by rivets and overlain at their lower ends by a tall plackart formed at its upper end with three cusps and fitted within its lower edge with a culet of two lames; a pair of spaudlers each of three lames overlapping outwards from the second and boxed in six vertical panels, its fifth lame attached by a single rivet to a fully articulated tubular vambrace boxed en suite with the spaudler, fitted at its upper end with a one-piece turner, at its elbow with a winged couter of five lames open at the rear and decorated on the front of the wing of its two-piece main plate with a spray of flutes in the ‘gothic’ fashion, and at the upper end of the outer plate of the lower canon with a flange shaped to the base of the couter (the inner plates of both lower cannons patched); an asymmetrical wooden shield curving forward at its upper and lower ends, pierced towards its outside with a pair of large lace-holes, faced with overlapping rectangular plates secured in each case by a single nail and covered elsewhere with red velvet; a conical vamplate decorated peripherally within a recessed border with scallops; a wooden saddle covered overall with quilted crimson velvet (worn) decorated around its edge with a yellow fringe and faced on its upstanding bow and arcon with three saddle-steels in each case, those of the bow stepped at the right side and those of the cantle projecting at their upper corners as curved arms; two stirrups (not a pair), each with slightly flaring fluted sides and a tread of four bars, the two inner bars in one case writhen (each pitted and worn); a curb-bit of tinned iron with simple pierced and engraved ornament and fitted with later bridle of leather covered with crimson velvet edged with gold piping and decorated at intervals with rosettes and scrolls of gold braid; and an heraldically-decorated caparison of yellow fabric strips each faced with black velvet (now largely faded to green) and terminating in tassels of gold bullion


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180 A MAIL SHIRT, PROBABLY OTTOMAN 18TH/19TH CENTURY, LATER ADAPTED FOR USE IN NORTH AFRICA formed of alternating rows of welded and riveted rings of circular-section wire, with a centrally-divided neck-opening, a pair of short sleeves and a short skirt centrally divided at both its front and rear, the upper edge of the neck-opening extended upwards during working life with a strip of mail of similarly-sized but differently formed rings attached to it by a leather thong and stiffened with further such thongs of a greater width (lightly patinated overall; the leather thongs decayed at points) Provenance Kahlert & Sohn, Berlin, 1930 George F. Harding Jr, Chicago, purchased August 1930 Transferred to the Art Institute of Chicago, 1982, Acc. No. 1982.3007 ‡ £350-450 181 A MAIL SHIRT, PROBABLY OTTOMAN 19TH CENTURY, LATER ADAPTED FOR USE IN NORTH AFRICA formed of riveted rings of circular-section wire, with a centrally-divided neck-opening, a pair of short sleeves and a short skirt centrally divided at both its front and rear, the upper edge of the neck-opening extended upwards during working life with a strip of mail of alternating rows of welded and riveted oval rings of a similar-size but heavier gauge attached to it by a leather thong (now partly replaced by wire) and stiffened with further such thongs of a greater width covered with fabric, (showing some holing, wear and patination; the leather thongs and their covering decayed at points) Provenance George F. Harding Jr, Chicago, purchased before 1939 Transferred to the Art Institute of Chicago, 1982, Acc. No. 1982.3011 ‡ £300-500

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182 A NORTH ITALIAN CUIRASS, CIRCA 1510 comprising medially-ridged one-piece breastplate with bold angular outward turns at its neck and arm-openings (extensively patched at its upper corners, sides and waist), fitted at its right arm-opening with four vertically-pierced staples and a flat cotter-pin (in each case restored) to attach a sturdy L-shaped lance-rest decorated on its upper surface and front edge with diagonal incised lines and bearing on its underside a later sheet-metal reinforce, and the breastplate further fitted at its flanged lower edge, by means of a pair of turning-pins a detachable fauld of four lames (restored), each decorated with a medial rib, the last cut at the centre of its lower edge with a small semi-circular notch and fitted to either side of it with a pair of straps for the suspension of tassets; and a backplate formed of a central main plate that narrows to its lower end, and two side-plates (the right associated and patched at its upper end) that are riveted within its lateral edges, the shallow neck-opening and the arm-openings, to which both the main plate and the side-plates contribute, formed with narrow inward turns, and its lower edge fitted with a waist-plate (restored) bearing a culet en suite with the fauld 53 cm; 20ž in Provenance Sixth Count of Asalto, Guadamur Castle, near Toledo, circa 1887 Ambrose Monell, Tuxedo Park, New York, before 1911 Henry Furmage, London George F. Harding Jr, Chicago, purchased 1927 Transferred to the Art Institute of Chicago, 1982, Acc. No. 1982.2600 ‥ £4000-6000

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183 A COMPOSITE GERMAN ‘ALMAIN’ COLLAR WITH ETCHED DECORATION, THIRD QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY formed of three lames front and rear, the lowest of which is deeper than the rest, and the first (associated) formed at its upper edge with a prominent file-roped inward turn, the two sections joined to one another at the left end of the first lames by an internal hinge and rigidly fastened at the right by a later rivet, and the third lames connected to one another at each side by mushroom-headed studs and keyhole slots, and fitted within their outer ends with the proximal lames of integral spaudlers (associated), the front and rear sections of the collar each finely etched in a border at the neck and in three diverging vertical bands beneath it with running foliage on a stippled and blackened ground, and its subsidiary edges etched between those bands with narrow bands of foliate guilloche (lightly patinated overall) 15.7 cm; 6¼ in high Provenance Louis Bachereau, Paris George F. Harding Jr, Chicago, purchased circa 1920 Transferred to the Art Institute of Chicago, 1982, Acc. No. 1982.2571 ‡ £900-1200

184 A SOUTH GERMAN ‘ALMAIN’ COLLAR, CIRCA 1570-80 formed of three lames front and rear, connected to one another in each case by three internal leathers (replaced), the first lame formed at its upper edge with a prominent file-roped inward turn, and the lowest, which is deeper than the rest and descends at the front to a shallow central cusp, formed with a plain raised rib accompanied by a recessed border that rises to a small cusp at its centre, the front and rear sections connected to one another by an internal hinge and later rivet at the left side and fastened by studs and holes at the right, each side of the collar fitted with the proximal two lames of an integral spaudler (restored) decorated at its main edges with ribs and borders en suite with those of the lower edge of the collar, the lowest rear plate of the collar fitted with a modern hinged stud for the suspension of pauldrons, the front and rear sections of the collar each retaining traces of a black-from-the-hammer finish scored through with paired lines at their subsidiary edges (lightly pitted overall) 13.6 cm; 5¼ in high Provenance George F. Harding Jr, Chicago, purchased before 1939 Transferred to the Art Institute of Chicago, 1982, Acc. No. 1982.2576 ‡ £400-700

185 A COMPOSITE COLLAR, PARTLY SOUTH GERMAN, MID-16TH CENTURY AND PARTLY EUROPEAN 19TH/EARLY 20TH CENTURY formed of four lames front and rear, the front and rear sections connected to one another at the left by a hinge and fixed rivet, and at the right by studs and holes, the lames of each section connected to one another by three internal leathers, the main edge of the uppermost lame formed in each case with a boldly roped inward turn and that of the lowest and deepest, with a plain raised rib accompanied by holes for lining-rivets, and the subsidiary edges decorated at their centres with filed ogees 16.3 cm; 6½ in high Provenance George F. Harding Jr, Chicago, purchased before 1939 Transferred to the Art Institute of Chicago, 1982, Acc. No. 1982.2573 The first lame and the second and third lames appear in each case to be authentic but partly reworked to fit one another. The lowest lame is in each case modern ‡ £350-500

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186 A COMPOSITE SOUTH GERMAN FALLING BUFFE, MID-16TH CENTURY formed of four plates overlapping outwards from the third which is strongly shaped to the point of the chin and flanged outwards at it lower edge to receive an articulated gorget-plate pierced at its outer ends with holes for the attachment of at least one more such plate, fitted within its upper edge with the stub of a central nasal-bar and overlain by two articulated face-plates each supported at its right side by a projecting spring-catch (the upper one restored), pierced at each side with a pair of circular ventilation holes, and rising to a chevron-shaped upper edge formed in the case of that of the uppermost plate with a notched inward turn bordered by a pair of later, stepped vision-slits (the lower face-plate with a small rust-perforation at its centre) 25.1 cm; 10 in Provenance Sixth Count of Asalto, Guadamur Castle, near Toledo, circa 1887 Ambrose Monell, Tuxedo Park, New York, before 1911 Henry Furmage, London George F. Harding Jr, Chicago, purchased 1927 Transferred to the Art Institute of Chicago, 1982, Acc. No. 1982.2220 ‡ £400-700 187 A VAMPLATE IN THE GERMAN MID-16TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH/20TH CENTURY of conical form with a puckered edge bordered by brass-capped round-headed lining-rivets, and retaining traces of a black-fromthe-hammer finish 28.6 cm; 11¼ in diameter Provenance George F. Harding Jr, Chicago, purchased before 1939 Transferred to the Art Institute of Chicago, 1982, Acc. No. 1982.2737 ‡ £300-450

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188 A DUTCH FLINTLOCK POWDER TESTER (EPROUVETTE) BY G. ADRIAANS, AMSTERDAM, CIRCA 1750 with steel powder-chamber, graduated ratchet-wheel with adjustable spring, signed lock (steel and the comb of the cock missing), walnut stock, brass mounts comprising solid side-plate, spurred pommel, and trigger-guard all cast and chased with scrolls of foliage in low relief (escutcheon missing) 34.8 cm; 13¾ in overall Provenance Ambrose Monell, Tuxedo Park, New York, by 1911 Henry Furmage, by 1927 George F. Harding Jr., Chicago, 1927 Transferred to the Art Institute of Chicago, Acc. No. 1982.3000 Gerrit Adriaans, from Liège, became a burgher of Amsterdam in 1748, presented his masterpiece on 9 May 1761 and died at Warmoesstraat, Liège in 1781. ‡ £1000-1500 189 A D.B. WHEEL-LOCK TRAP-GUN BUILT AROUND 17TH CENTURY PARTS, 19TH CENTURY with tapering sighted barrels, flush-fitting lock on the right fitted with external wheel retained by a bracket and circular cover, the latter engraved with an eagle displayed, sliding pan-cover with button-release, and moulded dog, top-mounted set trigger, fruitwood full stock profusely inlaid with engraved staghorn plaques including monsters issuant with foliage, mounted knights jousting, marksmen taking aim and brigands being felled, and the top of the butt pierced for attaching to a base or the ground, and fitted with brass tag numbered 525 30.5 cm; 12 in barrels Provenance James Graham, by 1925 George F. Harding Jr., Chicago, 1925 Transferred to the Art Institute of Chicago, 1982, Acc. No. 1982.2935 ‡ £1200-1800

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191

190 A 50 BORE CENTRAL ITALIAN OVER-AND-UNDER FLINTLOCK PISTOL, MID-18TH CENTURY with two-stage barrels each formed with a moulded median, border-engraved tang, bevelled lock signed ‘Giovani’ on the inside, fitted with bevelled cock retained by a screw on the inside, two vertically arranged pans, the upper sliding to cover the lower, moulded walnut full stock (the butt with worm damage on one side), engraved brass mounts comprising solid side-plate, triggerguard decorated with a profile bust, spurred pommel set with a chiselled profile bust, two ramrod-pipes, and escutcheon engraved en suite with the trigger-guard (later ramrod), and brass inventory tag numbered 1460 Provenance George F. Harding Jr., by 1939 Transferred to the Art Institute of Chicago, 1982, Acc. No. 1982.2902 ‡ £1000-1500 191 A 140 BORE COMBINED D.B. PERCUSSION PISTOL AND DAGGER, CIRCA 1850, BASED ON THE FRENCH DUMONTHIER PATENT with tapering barrels fitted with a fullered blade between, a pair of moulded hammers also forming the left-hand side of the crossguard, and fitted with a pair of wooden grips carved with foliage (one cracked the other extensively chipped), in a contemporary leather scabbard with brass chape, the top of the scabbard fitted with a loop for suspension, and brass tag numbered 1526 33 cm; 13 in Provenance George F. Harding Jr, Chicago, by 1939 Transferred to the Art Institute of Chicago, 1982, Acc. No. 1982.3358 See Lewerken 1989, pp. 232-3 nos. 57 and 58. ‡ £1200-1800

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192 A 120 BORE SILESIAN WHEEL-LOCK BIRDING RIFLE (TSCHINKE), MID-17TH CENTURY, PROBABLY CIESZYN (TESCHEN) with octagonal blued swamped sighted barrel rifled with six slender grooves, punched, engraved and gilt with serpents and flowerheads at the muzzle, over the median and the breech, the latter extending to form an angular tang decorated en suite (the gilding with losses), flat lock fitted with external mechanism, the wheel retained by a characteristic strongly arched bracket, mainspring decorated with delicate filed patterns, engraved sliding pan-cover with button release, engraved dog, and flash-guard, the principal components overlaid with gilt brass sheet engraved with scrolls of foliage, those on the dog involving a celestial mask and a beast playing a horn, fruitwood full stock profusely inlaid with staghorn plaques, tendrils and pellets enriched with engraved mother-of-pearl rondels all within segmental lines over the fore-end, decorated with a pair of cornucopia centering on a rabbit opposite the lock, the butt inlaid with an elaborate near symmetrical pattern of leaves, tendrils and pellets on the left all en suite with the fore-end and fitted with patchbox with sliding cover on the right (the stock with small chips and repairs, inlay with minor restorations, cracked through at the butt and repaired), moulded steel trigger-guard (terminal chipped), engraved staghorn ramrod-pipes, engraved staghorn fore-end cap, staghorn butt-cap, and wooden ramrod with engraved staghorn tip, perhaps the original 98.5 cm; 38¾ in barrel Provenance Sumner Healy, New York, by 1924, sold American Art Gallery, New York City, 11-13 December 1924, lot 533, illustrated George F. Harding, Chicago, by 1939 Transferred to the Art Institute of Chicago, 1982, Acc. No. 1982.2271 ‡ £5000-8000

192 detail

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193 A COMPOSITE GERMAN WHEEL-LOCK SPORTING RIFLE, 17TH CENTURY AND LATER with octagonal barrel rifled with seven grooves, etched over the breech with scrolls of foliage, flat lock fitted with external wheel beneath a raised cover, sliding pan-cover, and pierced dog, etched over its surface with designs of foliage inhabited by exotic birds and a beast in the South German taste, double set trigger, fruitwood full stock profusely inlaid in staghorn with strapwork cartouches and scenes from the chase enriched with delicate scrolling tendrils and pellets over the fore-end, further strapwork panels and figures opposite the lock and on the left of the butt all contained within segmental lines, the right of the butt fitted with patchbox with sliding cover, brass trigger-guard shaped for the fingers, horn butt-cap, engraved staghorn ramrod-pipe and fore-end cap, and wooden ramrod with engraved staghorn tip 79 cm; 31⅛ in barrel Provenance University of Michigan George F. Harding Collection Fund, Acc. No. 1984.1036 ‡ £2000-3000

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194 A FLINTLOCK BLUNDERBUSS BY RICHARD (1) WILSON, CIRCA 1750 with brass barrel formed in three stages, belled at the muzzle and formed with a raised moulding behind, struck with the barrelsmith’s, London view and proof marks at the breech, iron tang, signed rounded lock (cock replaced), figured walnut full stock (cracked and repaired), carved with a raised moulding about the tang, brass mounts including pierced trophy-of-arms side-plate, trigger-guard and butt-plate (the brass parts heavily cleaned throughout), and later wooden ramrod 43.2 cm; 17 in barrel Provenance George F. Harding Jr., Chicago, by 1939 Transferred to the Art Institute of Chicago, 1982, Acc. No. 1982.2912 Richard (1) Wilson (1703-66) was free of the Gunmakers Company 1742, elected assistant 1759 and became Master 1764. ‡ £500-800 195 A RARE BREECH-LOADING FLINTLOCK PARK RIFLE BY ISAAC PRATT, CIRCA 1770 with swamped sighted barrel rifled with eight shallow grooves, engraved with a looped linear frame over the flat and with grooved ramp at the rear, engraved tang, the breech fitted with a screw-in plug operated by the trigger-guard underneath, signed borderengraved lock, figured walnut full stock (cracks, chips and repairs), carved with a shell moulding about the tang, engraved iron mounts including solid side-plate and trigger-guard decorated with a flowerhead (the iron parts pitted), and no provision for a ramrod 90.5 cm; 35⅝ in barrel Provenance George F. Harding Jr., Chicago, by 1939 Transferred to the Art Institute of Chicago, 1982, Acc. No. 1982.2854 Isaac Pratt is recorded at 8 Throgmorton Street 1771-6. He was Free of the Gunmakers Company by redemption in 1774 and became Master in 1778. A number of very similar guns were made by Benjamin Griffin, one of which was sold in these rooms 14 December 2005, lot 158. ‡ £1200-1800

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196 A FINE PAIR OF 16 BORE LIEGOIS FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOLS BY JEAN JAQUES BEHR, CIRCA 1720-30 with swamped barrels signed on a long flat, fitted with moulded brass fore-sights on engraved beds, chiselled and engraved with scrolls and foliage on a finely punched and gilt ground over the breeches, each stamped with a mark beneath (Neue Støckel 42), chiselled and gilt tangs, chiselled and gilt locks decorated with scrolls of foliage en suite with the breeches and tangs, fitted with matching cocks and steels (one cock retaining screw replaced, areas of light pitting), figured walnut full stocks (small closed cracks), carved with mouldings over the fore-ends, a spray of foliage behind the rear ramrod-pipes, and about the tangs, the barrel channels each inscribed in pencil ‘AR/1898/2/KN1912’ cast and chased gilt-brass mounts, comprising pierced side-plates in the Parisian taste, decorated with trophies-of-arms and a bound prisoner on the right and another figure on the left, probably Hercules with the Nemean lion, ‘bird’s head’ pommels fitted with grotesque mask caps with foliate tangs, trigger-guards chiselled with acanthus terminals and trophies-of-arms on the bows, gilt-brass trigger-plates, a pair of gilt-brass ramrod-pipes, and wooden ramrods with gilt-brass caps, and one pistol with brass inventory tag numbered ‘1930’ 30 cm; 11¾ in barrels (2) Provenance The Gewehrkammer of Ernst August I, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar (1688-1748), Schloss Ettersburg, Saxony Wilhelm Ernst, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (1876-1923), sold E. Kahlert & Sohn, Berlin, circa 1923 George F. Harding Jr., Chicago, acquired by August 1927 Transferred to the Art Institute of Chicago, 1982, Acc. No. 1982.2879 Literature Walter J. Karcheski Jr., “Some Netherlandish Firearms in the George F. Harding Jr. Collection of Arms And Armor, The Art Institute of Chicago,” Proceedings of the International Association of Museums of Arms and Military History XIV Congress 1996 , (Amsterdam: 1996), p. 76. Jean Jaques Behr is recorded in Liège circa 1720-40 as a gunmaker and dealer in firearms. Other firearms by this maker are recorded in the armoury of the Counts of Schönborn at Schloss Würzburg. See Gaier 1976, p. 81 ‡ £8000-10000

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197 A FINE PAIR OF 50 BORE FLINTLOCK PISTOLS SIGNED GIO. BOTTI, CIRCA 1730 each with two-stage sighted barrel, fluted breech stamped by the barrelsmith ‘Lazarino Cominazzo’ divided by stamped marks and formed with a raised moulding at the back, plain tang fitted with folding back-sight, signed rounded lock, chiselled with scrolling monsterhead tendrils against a punched ground in the Brescian manner on the tails, cocks and steels, blued triggers, moulded figured walnut full stocks carved with scrolls about the ramrod-pipe (one fore-end replaced), gilt-bronze mounts cast and chased with scrolling monsterhead tendrils en suite with the locks, comprising solid side-plates, trigger-guards, trigger-plates, and spurred pommels, ramrod-pipes and one fore-end cap, original ramrods with gilt-brass tips, and remaining in fine, virtually unused condition throughout 21.7 cm; 8½ in barrels (2) Provenance The Gewehrkammer of Ernst August I, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar (1688-1748), Schloss Ettersburg, Saxony Wilhelm Ernst, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (1876-1923), sold E. Kahlert & Sohn, Berlin, circa 1923 George F. Harding Jr., Chicago, acquired by August 1927 Transferred to the Art Institute of Chicago, 1982, inv. no. 1982.2385 A considerable number of firearms signed Gio Botti and decorated in this manner are associated with this gunroom which was dispersed in the early 20th Century. It has been suggested that this group was assembled from Brescian parts by the court gunmaker Johan Martin Laun, recorded 1728-69. Another pair, decorated with the arms and cypher of Ernst August I, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar (1688-1748) were sold in these rooms, 9 December 2009, lot 277. For a discussion of this group see Hayward 1963, pp. 134-5. ‡ £6000-8000

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198 detail

Armour VARIOUS OWNERS 198 A COMPOSITE GERMAN AND ITALIAN CAP-A-PIE FIELD ARMOUR IN THE SO-CALLED ‘MAXIMILIAN’ FASHION, PARTLY NUREMBERG, EARLY 16TH CENTURY comprising close helmet with rounded one-piece skull rising to a low boldly roped medial comb, fitted at the nape with a broad neck-guard of three lames (the first restored) and at each side by means of common dome-headed pivots with a ‘bellows’ visor and bevor, the visor stepped beneath its centrally-divided vision-slit, pierced with eight horizontal ventilation-slots arranged in two rows and fitted at the right of the chin with a short lifting-peg (replaced), the bevor fitted at the right cheek with a pivoted visorprop (replaced) and struck at the left of the neck with the quality-control mark of the city of Nuremberg, each secured at the right by a spring-catch with push-button release (the button in each case replaced); ‘Almain’ collar of four lames front and rear, the lowest in each case significantly deeper than the rest (the front one cropped at its lower corners), the two sections connected to one another at the left by an internal hinge, and each side of the whole fitted with a short spaudler of three lames (restored), the last fitted with a turning-pin to attach an arm-defence; breastplate formed of a rounded main plate fitted within each of its armopenings with a movable gusset boldly roped en suite with its straight upper edge, and within its lower edge with a waist-lame (restored) flanged outwards to receive a fauld of four lames bearing a pair of integral tassets each again of four lames (restored), backplate formed of a main plate with straight upper edge, fitted within its lower edge with a waist-plate (restored) and an associated culet of one lame; spaudlers each of five lames overlapping outwards from the second and connected at its lower end to the one-piece turner of a fully articulated tubular vambrace fitted at the elbow with a couter of three lames (perhaps reworked in part), the central one formed with a medially-puckered oval side-wing; gauntlets (the right restored) formed of short straightended cuff (the left patched at its upper edge) with a separate hinged inner plate, five metacarpal-plates (the last of the left patched at its inner end), a knuckle-plate decorated with a transverse ridge, five finger-plates and a hinged thumb-defence of three scales; cuisses (restored) each formed of a gutter-shaped main plate fitted at its convex upper edge with a short extension-plate and at its lower end with a winged poleyn of three lames having riveted within its lower edge a full-length tubular greave terminating in an integral broad-toed sabaton of eight lames embossed at each of its corners with a decorative whorl; all parts of the armour, with the exception of the collar and greaves decorated with panels of predominantly vertical flutes emphasised by pairs of incised lines and accompanied on the insides of the cuffs of the gauntlets by vertical ‘slashes’, the main edges of the armour largely formed with inward turns, often boldly roped except on the collar where it is elaborately writhen; and the borders of the wings of the couters and of the lower ends of the lower cannons of the Italian vambraces etched in line on a hatched ground with running acanthus foliage and guilloche; all mounted on a wooden stand with a wooden base ‡ £20000-30000

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199 AN ELECTROTYPE COPY OF AN ITALIAN MORION OF CIRCA 1530-40 BY ELKINGTON with roped comb, each side of the skull decorated with a pair of delicate scrolls centring on spray of foliage and each terminating in an expanded flowerhead, with shaped plume-holder, turned edge, and the interior with Elkington seal 21 cm; 8¼ in high £200-300

200 A POT HELMET IN 17TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY with two-piece skull joined along a low ridge and engraved with a line on each side, outwardly flanged at the base to form a broad brim, the base of the skull encircled by thirteen rivets, and pierced for display 15.5 cm; 6⅛ in high £100-150

201 A MORION IN LATE 16TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH/20TH CENTURY with skull joined by a weld and rising to a stalk, brim rising to an obtuse point front and rear, the edge of the brim formed with a turn and the base of the crown encircled by lining rivets (pitted) 29 cm; 11½ in high ‡ £150-200

202 A CONTINENTAL CAVALRY BREASTPLATE, EARLY 19TH CENTURY with low medial ridge, rounded waist-flange and short outward flanges at the neck and arm-openings, fitted with a pair of studs for attaching shoulder straps, and stamped with an arsenal number inside 39 cm; 15¼ in high Provenance Glandyfi Castle £200-300

203 TWO PAIRS OF SPURS AND FOUR FURTHER SINGLE SPURS, 19TH CENTURY the first pair of silvered iron, with short U-shaped heel bands, multi-spiked rowels retained by a scallop shell, a short length of mail, and each retaining a pair of loops for attachment; the second pair with U-shaped heel bands retaining traces of silvering, short necks fitted with small rowels, and one retaining a single buckle; together with two South American or Spanish spurs, and two further spurs the first: 11.5 cm; 4½ in (8) £100-150

204 A GAUNTLET IN EARLY 17TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY formed of a flared and pointed cuff closed by rivets at the inside of the wrist, four metacarpal plates, knuckle-plate and retaining some finger scales, embossed around the cuff with a recessed border and roped turned edge £80-120

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205 A GERMAN STEEL TARGET, EARLY 17TH CENTURY of convex circular form, decorated with six evenly spaced low ridges radiating from a small central conical boss, its edge bordered by a pair of incised lines and round-headed lining rivets, the rear fitted across its centre with four pairs of larger rivets and washers for the attachment of enarmes, the outer face retaining a black-from-the-hammer finish (two patched repairs, areas of delamination) 60 cm; 23â…? in diameter ÂŁ1500-2000

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Miscellanea VARIOUS OWNERS

206 AUCTION CATALOGUES: SOTHEBY’S ARMS AND ARMOUR, MILITARIA AND SPORTING GUNS including sales in London, Monaco, Zurich, Sussex and New York covering the period 1970-2005, including the collections of John F. Hayward, Charles Draeger, Visser (part I), Alexander Davison and The Royal House of Hanover

210 A MINIATURE MODEL 1883 GATLING GUN, MODERN of brass coloured metal, with rotating barrel group operated by a crank at the breech, complete with its feed hopper, on a wooden stand 21.2 cm; 8⅜ in barrel £300-500

A full listing is available on request

207 Giraud, J.B., Documents Pour Servir à l’histoire de l’Armement au Moyen âge et à la Renaissance, Lyon, 1895 in two volumes, each with pasted bookplates: Ex Libris Claude Blair and The Wallace Collection Library, some foxing, cloth covered boards, leather bound

211 EIGHT GUN LOADING TOOLS, 19TH CENTURY AND LATER comprising, a 12 bore bench-mounted cartridge reloading machine, a tamper for an Erskine loading machine, a 12 bore Bartram reloading tool a turnover tool by Dickson, a 12 bore brass reloading tool, two 12 bore capper and decapper machines, and a modern brass nipple pricker (8)

£50-80

£200-300

208 Smith, George, The Dictionary of National Biography, together with 7 further volumes, The Concise Dictionary From the Beginnings to 1911, Twentieth Century 1922-1930, Twentieth Century 1931-1940, Twentieth Century 1941-1950, Twentieth Century 1951-1960, Missing Persons, Index and Epitome, Oxford University Press, 1882 in 27 volumes, each with pasted bookplate: Wallace Collection Library, original cloth covered boards (wear)

212 FOUR GUN BARRELS 18TH/19TH CENTURIES the first of tapering octagonal form (shortened) fitted with brass fore-sight and shaped tang; the second heavy octagonal (shortened), with threaded breech; the third swamped octagonal, with threaded breech; and the last for a break barrel airgun (all four pitted) the first: 63 cm; 24⅞ in barrel (4)

£100-150

£150-250

209 A WELL DETAILED PENCIL SKETCH OF THE GUN OF ALOF DE WIGNACOURT, GRAND MASTER OF THE ORDER OF ST JOHN (1601-22) BY TAYLOR, DATED 1852 framed and glazed 78.5cm; 31in x 43.8cm; 17¼in

213 AN ANVIL, 18TH/19TH CENTURY formed with two tapering horns, stem of square-section, and tapering base to fit into a larger anvil 29.2 cm; 11½ in high

£100-150

The gun is preserved at The Royal Armouries, The Tower of London (inv. no. XIX.77). The gun is probably Flemish and is dated 1607. It is of exceptional size and very finely decorated, including three coats of arms. The carriage was made by John Hall of Dartford, Kent, in 1826 after a design by the Royal Carriage Department, Woolwich. See H. L. Blackmore 1976, pp. 111-112. £40-60

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214 A RARE FLINTLOCK POWDER TESTER BY LANCASTER, LONDON, CIRCA 1820 with brass barrel and action, the latter signed on a scroll carried by foliage on the left and inscribed ‘London’ on the right, fitted with internally sprung graduated ratchet wheel, later cock, the former released by a blued sprung lever, flat-sided walnut butt cut with chequering on the spine and the underside, iron trigger-guard, and vacant silver escutcheon 15 cm; 6 in overall Another powder tester of this type signed ‘Stevens London’ is illustrated Kempers 1998, p. 116. £700-900 215 A SALUTING CANNON, 19TH CENTURY with tapering cast iron barrel formed in two stages, with raised mouldings, plain trunnions, moulded at the breech, large recessed circular vent, and large globose cascabel, on a stepped wooden carriage fitted with four wooden trucks 29.8 cm; 11¾ in barrel 2.8 cm 1⅛ in bore £100-150 216 A BRASS MODEL CANNON with tapering barrel moulded at the muzzle, a pair of plain trunnions and moulded breech with globose cascable, on a brass field carriage fitted with a pair of spoked wheels 21 cm; 8¼ in barrel £60-80 217 A BRONZE SALUTING CANNON, EARLY 19TH CENTURY with tapering barrel formed in five stages, with raised astragal mouldings, a pair of plain trunnions, the vent with rectangular recess for an ignition device, pierced globose cascable (small dents), on a later stepped wooden naval carriage with four trucks 36.2 cm; 14¼ in barrel 2 cm;¾ in bore £350-450

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218 A BRASS MODEL CANNON, 20TH CENTURY with tapering multi-stage barrel formed with raised mouldings, a pair of plain trunnions, and globose cascable, on a brass openwork carriage fitted with a pair of brass spoked wheels 29 cm; 11½ in barrel 2 cm;¾ in bore

221 FOUR HORN FLASKS, 18TH/19TH CENTURIES the first for an artilleryman, with curved horn body (small chips), fitted with a turned wooden stopper (detached), brass nozzle (cracked) and spring -catch; the second smaller, of polished stained cowhorn, fitted with brass basal cap, and brass nozzle with cut-off; the third with screw-on horn cap; and the fourth of rudimentary construction the first: 30.5 cm; 12 in (4)

£80-120 219 A MODEL 12 POUNDER NAVAL CANNON IN THE STYLE OF CIRCA 1780, A MODEL CARRONADE, AND A MODEL MORTAR, 20TH CENTURY the first of black painted iron, cast with the crowned Royal cypher, on its stepped wooden carriage; the second of black painted iron, on its fixed bed with elevating device and tracking wheels; the third of black painted iron, on its wooden bed; together with four smaller model cannon, a shot carrier and a cannon ball the first: 39.8 cm; 15⅜ in barrel (8) £200-250 220 A LARGE LEATHER POWDER-FLASK, CIRCA 1770-80 of bottle-shaped form, the inner face flattened, the seam incorporating four loops for suspension, fitted with copper nozzle with threaded top, the latter with hinged locking catch, complete with a contemporary padlock and key 33.7 cm; 13¼ in high For another flask of this type see Neal and Back 1980, p. 20 no. 34. £350-450

£250-350 222 A NORTH ITALIAN CUIR BOUILLI POWDER-FLASK, LAST QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY with tapering wooden body of D-section, the outer surface covered in leather finely tooled with a pair of rampant monsters supporting a vacant escutcheon, and all within a moulded beadwork frame, the inner face with a portion of leather, and retaining its top mount with moulded nozzle and spring cut-off (belt hook, basal cap and a portion of the inner face missing) 18.5cm; 7¼ in high £400-600 223 FOURTEEN VARIOUS FLASKS, 19TH CENTURY AND LATER comprising a copper powder-flask by James Dixon & Sons, Sheffield; another embossed with oak foliage and a stag’s head on each face; another, embossed with foliage; five further flasks; four leather shot-flasks, and two brass charge flasks (14) £200-250

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224 A RARE AND NOTABLY LARGE EXAMPLE OF THE SKULL AND ANTLERS OF AN ‘IRISH ELK’ (Megalocerus giganteus), LATE PLEISTOCENE of characteristic form with curved and splayed antlers, each sporting ten projecting tines (the skull lacking its teeth and a small portion of the left of its rostrum, and the left antler restored distally) 305.0 cm; 120 in Provenance A British ancestral collection The so called ‘Irish Elk’, Megaloceras giganteus (Blumenbach 1799), takes its popular name from the fact that the bulk of its remains come from the peat-bogs of Ireland. The animal was, however, widely distributed throughout Eurasia. It was not in fact an elk but an unusually large form of Old World Deer, perhaps related to the present-day Fallow Deer. It lived in the latter part of the Pleistocene period (2,588,000 to 117,000 years before the present) and became extinct around the end of the last Ice Age (about 400,000 years BP). Antlers like these belonged to males who used them both for display and for ritual fighting with others of their sex. Some of the largest males reached a height of about 2.0 metres (6.9 ft) at the shoulders and has a antlers measuring 3.6 metres (12 ft) across. Most known finds of the ‘Irish Elk’ were made in the 18th and 19th centuries when peat was dug by hand. With the mechanical methods of digging employed today, the possibility of excavating intact specimens has greatly diminished. £20000-30000

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PROPERTY FROM THE MORTON AND ANGELA STERN COLLECTION, PART TWO Morton Stern, the son of Jack and Lena Stern, was born in Jackson Heights, New York in 1931. From an early age Mort had an interest in both fine art and craftsmanship and he dreamt of life as a commercial artist. He joined the United States Air Force at the of age 19 and following his honourable discharge from service, Mort went into the family business, Miles Petroleum, to work with his dad Herman (Jack) Stern. However, later on his father suffered a heart attack and Mort was drafted into the full time running of the family business, consequently Mort’s artistic career had to be put aside. He became president of the corporation in 1970 and as the company flourished, Mort was joined by his wife Angela who shared his business acumen having spent many years as the Administrative business Manager at Radiac Research Co., in Brooklyn, NY. Her knowledge brought a new perspective to Miles Petroleum and Mort was able to focus more energy on his now growing collection. Angela and Mort shared a passion for antiques and in particular arms and armour. Together they travelled extensively, visiting museums, fairs, auctions and gun shows making many acquisitions together. The objects offered here reflect their combined broad tastes, including some fine examples of European edged weapons, armour and a number of distinguished examples of the gunsmith’s skill as both engineer and decorator. Mort had a particular interest in military firearms and Angela in Scottish firearms: each area is well represented here and their acquisition of some of the great rarities that were available is evident. Following their most acquisitive years a neo gothic armoury room was designed by a local architect and built by craftsmen from Europe. It was reminiscent of the great early collectors of armour and arms: the walls were clad with armour, hafted weapons and swords and the alcoves filled with pistols and daggers. Prior to its completion Mort was diagnosed with cancer and it was with great sadness that he was only able to enjoy the new setting for two weeks before his untimely death on 14 June 1993. Since then Angela has maintained the collection and continued to follow the market and support museums with keen interest. The following lots form the second and final tranche of the collection and conclude its dispersal. New York, May 2014


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225 A PERSIAN SWORD (SHAMSHIR), 19TH CENTURY with strongly curved fullered watered blade formed with a hatchet point, decorated with a panel of gold calligraphy on one side, iron hilt comprising a pair of quillons with moulded button-shaped finials, cap pommel and a pair of bone grip-scales 80.5 cm; 31⅝ in blade ‡ £700-900 226 AN INDIAN GAUNTLET SWORD (PATA), LATE 17TH/18TH CENTURY with tapering flat blade retained by a pair of iron panels extending over the forte, gauntlet hilt of characteristic form, embossed with low ribs and pierced and chiselled with panels of scrolling foliage over the greater part of its surface, the top-edge reinforced, and fitted with a cylindrical grip bar and a support for the fore-arm (worn) 76.5 cm; 30⅛ in blade ‡ £300-500 227 AN INDIAN AXE, 18TH CENTURY with wedge-shaped head formed with a bearded crescentic cutting edge, moulded flattened rear face, and long wooden haft carved with a series of dense ribs 57.5 cm; 22¾ in overall ‡ £200-300

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228 AN OTTOMAN SILVER-MOUNTED SHORTSWORD (YATAGHAN), MID-19TH CENTURY with slightly curved blade etched in imitation of wootz, decorated in gold on one face with a calligraphic cartouche and on the other with a foliate rondel, the forte decorated on each face with a panel of gold scrollwork, silver hilt of characteristic form incorporating an eared pommel, the grip and pommel chased with tightly scrolling pattern of foliage, in a leather-covered wooden scabbard with large silver mounts with chased borders, the locket incorporating a small loop for suspension 41.2 cm; 16¼ in blade ‡ £600-800 229 A RARE OTTOMAN AXE, TURKEY OR EAST EUROPE, LATE 17TH CENTURY with crescentic head of flattened wedge-shaped section, engraved on each face with four large stylised flowerheads and a series of stars along the back-edge, moulded socket filed with chevron fluting, tapering rear pean with a near square hammer face, on an associated wooden haft with a pair of slender steel straps 115.5 cm; 45½ in overall ‡ £1500-2000

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230 A NORTH AFRICAN MAIL SHIRT, 18TH OR 19TH CENTURY formed of alternating rows of welded and riveted rings of circular-section wire, with centrally-opening upstanding collar stiffened with buff-leather thongs and closed by a slender iron hook, short elbow-length sleeves and centrally-divided knee-length skirt (some losses, principally at edges; lightly patinated in parts) ‡ £350-500 231 A NORTH AFRICAN MAIL SHIRT, 19TH CENTURY formed entirely of rings of oval-section wire, with centrally-opening collar later extended upwards by several rows of split-rings of a smaller size attached to the main body by a row of butted rings, short elbow-length sleeves and centrally-divided knee-length skirt (numerous losses and repairs; patches of light patination) ‡ £250-400

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232 A 16 BORE OTTOMAN SILVER-MOUNTED FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOL IN THE EUROPEAN TASTE, TURKEY, LATE 18TH CENTURY with swamped barrel fitted with moulded silver fore-sight, stamped with three brass-lined pseudo barrelsmith’s marks over the breech, grooved tang, rounded lock with imitation signature, full stock profusely inlaid with silver wire tendrils within wriggle-work frames over the fore-end and further wriggle-work over the butt, full silver mounts finely cast and chased with trophies-of-arms in low relief, comprising side-plate, trigger-guard, spurred, pommel and rear ramrod-pipe, a further moulded ramrod-pipe, later foreend cap and ramrod 36cm; 14¼ in barrel ‡ £600-800 233 AN OTTOMAN BALKAN MIQUELET-LOCK LONG GUN (ARNAUTKA), LATE 18TH CENTURY with swamped sighted barrel retained by four brass bands engraved and chased with traditional foliage, characteristic lock with external mainspring and filed bridle, full stock encased over the greater part of its surface with engraved iron, inset with horn pellets and rondels of contrasting colours of horn, hardwood and brass, the butt of wood encased in iron around the spine and underside, applied with pierced and engraved brass plaques about the tang, brass trigger-guard, two sling- swivels, and iron ramrod 117.2 cm; 46⅛ in barrel See Elgood 2009, pp. 162-167 ‡ £400-600

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234 A 28 BORE CAUCASIAN MIQUELET-LOCK HOLSTER PISTOL, CIRCA 1870 with tapering barrel of ‘hog’s back’ form, retained by three engraved white metal bands, inlaid with brass lines over the breech and the muzzle, iron lock of characteristic form, full stock (cracked ahead of the lock) moulded over the fore-end, the butt overlaid with engraved white metal with scalloped borders, bulbous pommel, iron button-trigger, and carved in imitation of a ramrod 27.5 cm; 10⅞ in barrel ‡ £400-600 235 A 16 BORE OTTOMAN MIQUELET-LOCK HOLSTER PISTOL, BALKANS, LATE 18TH/19TH CENTURY with tapering russet barrel enclosed by a brass scrollwork band at the muzzle, characteristic lock with filed and engraved bridle (cock detached), brass full stock cast with scrolls in low relief, slender pommel formed in imitation of spurs on each side, and brass trigger-guard 32 cm; 12½ in barrel ‡ £600-800

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236 A FINE GERMAN SWORD-RAPIER WITH BLACKENED IRON HILT, LATE 16TH CENTURY, PROBABLY SAXON with robust blade of flattened-diamond section (a small portion of the tip ground down), stamped with a pi mark on the reverse of the forte, fitted with blackened iron rain-guard with roped lower border, blackened iron hilt comprising a pair of slightly arched quillons of low-triangular section with reinforced arrow-shaped terminals, outer ring-guard formed en suite with the quillons, large ovoid pommel formed with four faces, and fishskin-covered grip (small losses) bound by four vertical iron bars with a shaped iron collar top and bottom, and brass inventory tag ‘A2’ 93 cm; 36½ in blade Swords with hilts of related form are preserved in the former Imperial Armoury, Vienna (inv. no. 3849), the former Ducal Arsenal, Brunswick, the Deutsches Historisches Museum, Berlin, and the Danish Royal Collection (Rosenborg no. 6). A significant number were ordered for the court of Christian II in Dresden between 1591 and 1611, more than thirty of which were still recorded there in 1923. See Norman 1980, pp. 76-77 and Müller and Kölling 1990, p. 207. ‡ £6000-8000

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237 A GERMAN MILITARY BROADSWORD, THIRD QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY with tapering blade of hollow-diamond section (the tip shortened), flattened along the central rib and inlaid with a pattern of latten flowerheads on each side at the forte, iron hilt of ribbon-like bars, comprising a pair of straight swelling quillons with bud-shaped finials, outer ring-guard swelling in the centre and joined to the arms by a pair of diagonal bars, knuckle-guard joined to the ring by an additional outer bar reinforced by a further S-shaped bar, inner-guard formed of a saltire arrangement incorporating a thumbring, faceted plummet-shaped pommel incised with patterns of scrollwork, and later leather-bound grip 92 cm; 36¼ in blade This sword is part of a distinctive group associated with the former Imperial seat at Schloss Ambras, Tyrol. See Norman 1980, p. 151. ‡ £2500-3500 238 AN ITALIAN BROADSWORD, EARLY 17TH CENTURY with tapering blade of flattened diamond-section, stamped ‘Peter Bere Avillem Alamania Me Fecit’ enclosed by scrollwork within three short slender fullers framed by lines, terminating with a cross and orb mark and stamped with a further cross and orb mark on each face, the ricasso formed with a blunt crescentic finger recess on one side, steel hilt comprising a pair of forward-andbackward-canted vertically recurved quillons swelling slightly towards their terminals, a pair of arms, knuckle-guard with recurved terminal en suite with the quillons, and faceted globular pommel (perhaps associated) and later wooden grip (chipped, the steel parts lightly pitted) 97.8 cm; 38½ in blade A sword with related blade and hilt, formerly in the Kienbusch Collection, and now in the Philadelphia Museum of Art, is illustrated Boccia and Coelho 1975, no. 545. ‡ £2000-3000

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239 AN ENGLISH RAPIER, CIRCA 1620 with associated fullered blade double-edged towards the point, symmetrical iron hilt comprising a pair of horizontally recurved quillons with pierced scrolling spatulate terminals, inner and outer ring-guards each joined to a lower ring by a pair of short arms, a scalloped basal guard, knuckle-guard joined to the ring by an additional bar, tall faceted ovoid pommel, and later grip 89 cm; 35 in blade For related hilts see Dufty 1974, plate 28 A and B ‡ £1200-1800 240 A GERMAN RAPIER, EARLY 17TH CENTURY with tapering slender blade stamped with decorative marks, ‘Martinez’ and ‘Toledo’ within a slender fuller framed by lines on the respective faces, iron hilt of flattened bars, comprising a pair of vertically recurved quillons, outer ring-guard interrupted by a recessed oval moulding (repaired), a pair of up-turned basal bars joined by a small ring and rooted onto the arms, inner guard formed of a pair of slender bars rising from an incised plate, tall ovoid pommel, and later wire-bound grip (light pitting throughout) 108.4 cm; 42 ⅝ in blade A sword with a hilt of this type is preserved in the Royal Armoury, Stockholm (inv. no. 7905). See Nordström 1984, p. 37. ‡ £1500-2500

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241 A NORTH EUROPEAN SABRE OF ‘SINCLAIR’ TYPE, LATE 16TH CENTURY with curved blade formed with a hatchet-point, stamped with a series of marks on the reverse including two pairs of double eyelash marks, iron hilt of ribbon-like bars interrupted with filed mouldings, including a pair of straight quillons with bud-shaped finials, outer ring-guard, knuckle-guard joined to the ring-guard by an outer bar, inner-guard incorporating the thumb-loop, cushion-shaped pommel, and later grip (pitted) 75 cm; 29½ in blade ‡ £1200-1800 242 A NORTH EUROPEAN PAPPENHEIM RAPIER, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY with associated three-stage blade robustly stamped with a King’s head mark and the bladesmith’s inscription (rubbed) on each face, tapering ricasso engraved with lines, symmetrical iron hilt of flattened bars, comprising down-curved quillon, inner and outer lower ring-guards, the latter fitted with a pierced sprung-in plate (the front plate missing), upper ring-guards joined to the lower by a short moulded bar, a pair of arms, knuckle-guard, faceted plummet-shaped pommel, and spirally-moulded grip bound with plaited wire between ‘Turk’s heads’ 91.2 cm; 36 in blade ‡ £1200-1800 243 A GERMAN RAPIER 17TH CENTURY AND LATER with tapering fullered blade, near rectangular ricasso, iron hilt of rounded bars, including a pair of vertically-recurved quillons with pointed bud-shaped finials, outer ring-guard interrupted by an ovoid moulding, a pair of up-turned frontal bars formed en suite, matching pommel, and wire-bound grip between ‘Turk’s heads’ (pitted, tang bent) 96.3 cm; 37⅞ in blade ‡ £400-600

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244 A PARADE BROADSWORD, PROBABLY ITALIAN EARLY 17TH CENTURY with broad blade cut with a long central fuller framed by a pair of slender fullers on each face, recessed at the forte for the fingers, iron hilt comprising a pair of vertically recurved quillons with grotesque finial chiselled in the round, the pommel chiselled as an eagle-head, and associated wire-bound grip between ‘Turk’s heads’ 74 cm; 29⅛ in blade ‡ £1200-1800 245 A COMPOSITE GERMAN MILITARY SABRE, 16TH/17TH CENTURY with curved 17th century blade formed with a hatchet point, struck on one face with a double eye-lash mark and a crowned shieldshaped mark, iron hilt comprising a pair of straight quillons with moulded button-shaped terminals, outer guard formed of a right-angular plate cut with a radiating pattern on the base and with roped border with tightly scrolling terminals, knuckle-guard interrupted by a central writhen knop-shaped moulding, an additional frontal bar formed en suite with the knuckle-guard, trifurcated pommel, and later wooden grip 83.2 cm; 32¾ in blade ‡ £600-800 246 A COMPOSITE ITALIAN SHORTSWORD, 16TH CENTURY AND LATER with tapering fullered blade retaining traces of etched designs including leaping horses (worn), fluted rectangular ricasso, iron hilt comprising a pair of strongly arched quillons swelling towards the terminals, rectangular quillon-block, outer ring-guard, and slightly compressed spherical pommel, and the grip bound with plaited wire between ‘Turk’s heads’ 50.3 cm; 19¾ in blade ‡ £800-1000

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247 A NORTH EUROPEAN MILITARY SWORD, LATE 17TH CENTURY with curved single-edged blade, iron hilt comprising scrolling quillon, inner and outer ring-guards each filled with a solid plate, knuckle-guard, an additional solid frontal plate embossed with a radiating pattern of fluting, thumb-loop, near spherical pommel, and wooden grip bound with plaited wire 88.5 cm; 34⅞ in blade ‡ £700-900 248 A HUNTING SWORD, MID-18TH CENTURY with earlier tapering blade double-edged towards the point, cut with a long fuller along the back-edge, stamped with cross and orb marks and the inscription ‘Fide Sed Cui Vide’ at the forte on the respective faces, iron hilt of rudimentary construction comprising a pair of vertically-recurved quillons (the iron parts pitted throughout), and natural staghorn grip studded with five iron rivets with large domed heads 67 cm; 26⅜ in blade ‡ £200-300 249 A VENETIAN SCHIAVONA, LATE 17TH/EARLY 18TH CENTURY with 18th century fullered blade of regulation type, iron hilt of characteristic form, comprising basket-guard formed of a trellis arrangement of ribbon like bars, straight quillon with button-shaped terminal, the inner guard cut with a brief inscription (one bar detached), brass shield-shaped pommel, and later wooden grip 82 cm; 32¼ in blade ‡ £700-900

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250 A SPANISH LEFT-HAND DAGGER, LATE 17TH CENTURY with tapering blade formed in two-stages, the upper half double-edged and the lower formed with a scalloped design along the back edge, rectangular ricasso pierced with a pair of shaped scrolling apertures, engraved with numerous rondels, the letter ‘B’ on the respective faces and hollowed for the thumb on the reverse, steel hilt comprising a pair of straight quillons with trumpetshaped terminals, curved triangular guard formed with a rounded turned edge, the inside fitted with an elaborately pierced scrollwork panel, bun-shaped pommel, and the grip bound with plaited wire between steel collars 45.2 cm; 17¾ in blade ‡ £800-1000 251 AN ITALIAN LEFT-HAND DAGGER, EARLY 17TH CENTURY with tapering blade of robust hollow-triangular section, the inner face of the ricasso flattened for the thumb, iron hilt of crab-claw form, comprising a pair of drooping quillons and matching inner arms each with filed mouldings and rounded terminals, ring-guard swelling in the centre, faceted ovoid pommel, and the grip bound with plaited wire between ‘Turk’s heads’ 34.2 cm; 13½ in blade ‡ £1200-1800 252 AN ITALIAN ARTILLERYMAN’S STILETTO, SECOND HALF OF THE 17TH CENTURY with tapering blade of triangular section incised with numbered graduations, iron hilt comprising a pair of moulded quillons with bud-shaped finials, matching pommel, and helically-carved horn grip set with brass nails 19.5 cm; 7⅞ in blade ‡ £400-600

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253 254

253 A GERMAN LEFT-HAND DAGGER IN 16TH CENTURY STYLE with tapering blade cut with a long central fuller on each face, rectangular ricasso cut with three grooves, blackened iron hilt comprising a pair of slightly forward-canted spatulate quillons with button-shaped terminals, ring-guard swelling in the centre, pear-shaped pommel moulded at the base, and the grip bound with plaited wire with a shaped collar top and bottom reinforced by slender iron bands 29 cm; 11½ in blade ‡ £600-800 254 A GERMAN LEFT-HAND DAGGER, 16TH CENTURY AND LATER with robust blade of hollow-triangular section, fluted rectangular forte pierced with a series of pellets, blackened iron hilt comprising a pair of ‘bow-tie’ quillons each stamped with pellets on the reverse, small ring-guard, and faceted ovoid pommel, and leather-covered wooden grip 31.4 cm; 12⅜ in blade ‡ £600-800 255 AN ITALIAN STILETTO, THIRD QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY with tapering slender blade of triangular-section, turned ricasso, moulded iron hilt comprising a pair of straight quillons with moulded fluted button-shaped quillons, and integral grip rising to a pommel, all en suite with the quillons, in its leather-covered wooden scabbard (repaired), with iron locket and chape decorated with further moulded designs, the former with a small loop for suspension 16.5 cm; 6½ in blade ‡ £1200-1800

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256 A LEFT-HAND DAGGER, PROBABLY ITALIAN EARLY 17TH CENTURY with tapering blade of flattened-diamond section, rectangular ricasso, iron hilt of flattened bars, comprising a pair of drooping quillons swelling towards their terminals, ring-guard fitted with a pierced sprung-in plate, ovoid pommel, and the grip bound with plaited wire between ‘Turk’s heads’ 18.2 cm; 7⅛ in blade ‡ £350-450 257 AN ENGLISH PLUG BAYONET, LAST QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY with sharply tapering blade double-edged towards the point, struck with a King’s-head mark on each side of the forte, brass hilt comprising a pair of horizontally-recurved quillons with moulded bulbous terminals, cylindrical pommel with moulded button terminal, and turned wooden grip retaining a portion of an inventory label of Fenton & Sons, New Oxford Street, London 29.2 cm; 11½ in blade ‡ £600-800 258 AN ENGLISH PLUG BAYONET, LAST QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY with tapering blade double-edged towards the point (small chips, pitted), struck with a King’s head mark on each side of the forte, brass hilt comprising a pair of quillons with moulded bulbous terminals, cylindrical pommel with moulded button-terminal, and turned wooden grip (perhaps an early replacement) 29.5 cm; 11⅝ in blade ‡ £400-600

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259 A SCOTTISH RIBBON-HILT BROADSWORD, LAST QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY with broad tapering blade stamped ‘Iurgen Aollich in Arnhem’ between a series of decorative marks within a pair of short fullers and stamped with the bladesmith’s mark on each face, tapering fullered ricasso, iron basket-guard of ribbon-like bars, including very short quillon, beaked frontal guard, saltires carrying an oval and an S-shaped bar at the back (one bar missing), bun-shaped pommel, and leather-covered grip 87.5 cm; 34½ in blade For a discussion of the Ollich family of bladesmiths see Seitz 1968, pp. 261-2. ‡ £2500-3500 260 A SCOTTISH BASKET-HILTED BACKSWORD, SECOND HALF OF THE 18TH CENTURY with tapering blade double-edged towards the point and formed with a pair of fullers of differing length on each face, iron baskethilt formed of a framework of flattened bars, including a pair of narrow diamond-shaped panels and a pair of broad diamond-shaped panels, the latter each filled with a pierced central panel carried by a saltire, and the former surmounted a ram’shorn moulding, fluted pommel, decorated throughout with incised lines, and wooden grip carved with a trellis-pattern framing nodules 86.5 cm; 34 in blade ‡ £2500-3000

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261 AN ENGLISH BASKET-HILTED SWORD FOR THE SECOND TROOP OF HORSE GUARDS, MID-18TH CENTURY with tapering fullered regulation blade double-edged for its last third, engraved with ‘GR’crowned, ‘Hartford’, ‘1/33’ on one face of the forte and ‘21’ on the other, iron basket-hilt of rounded bars (three cracked at a repair), flattened bun-shaped pommel, and spirally carved wooden grip (binding missing), with a ‘Turk’s head’ top and bottom 90.5 cm; 35⅝ in blade See Darling 1969, p. 89-92. ‡ £2000-2500 262 A HIGHLAND TROOPER’S BASKET-HILTED BROADSWORD, 18TH CENTURY with tapering fullered blade double-edged for its upper third, one face with a later inscription, iron basket-guard of rounded bars carrying an alternating arrangement of rectangular and square panels pierced with arrangements of hearts and circles, the outer panels each with ram’s horn mouldings at the base, a large oval aperture for the reins, later pommel, and grip 99 cm; 39 in blade ‡ £1200-1800 263 A SCOTTISH BASKET-HILTED BROADSWORD, 19TH CENTURY with later fullered blade, iron basket-guard of rounded bars carrying an alternating arrangement of rectangular and square panels pierced with arrangements of hearts and circles, moulded pommel, and later grip (the steel parts in aged condition) 81.3 cm; 32 in blade ‡ £600-800

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264 AN EAST EUROPEAN WAR HAMMER (CZEKAN), LATE 17TH CENTURY with tapering moulded hammer head formed with a flat square face, moulded socket, long slightly down-curved fluted rear spike, on a wooden haft (probably an early replacement), inset with shaped steel reinforcing plaques, and a central conical finial at the top, with painted inventory number ‘309:25’ 64 cm; 25¼ in overall ‡ £1500-2500 265 AN ITALIAN WAR HAMMER, MID-16TH CENTURY with moulded hammer head (worn and squashed at the borders), down-curved rear spike of tapering-diamond section moulded at the base, a pair of long straps retained by rivets with embossed brass rivets, on its wooden haft fitted with an additional pair of straps (one loose, four retaining nails missing), and the grip with later brass studs (cracked) 59 cm; 23¼ in overall ‡ £1000-1500 266 A GERMAN MACE IN LATE 15TH/EARLY 16TH CENTURY STYLE with bulbous head formed of six wedge-shaped flanges, tapering steel haft formed with a turned roped moulding at the top, and fitted with leather-bound wooden grip at the base 57.2 cm; 22½ in ‡ £700-900

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267 A GERMAN WAR HAMMER, LATE 16TH CENTURY with tapering hammer head of circular section, decorated with a file-roped band behind, robust slightly down-curved rear spike of round then stiff-diamond section, circular haft moulded and faceted at the base, tapering belt hook (repaired), and later grip with a metal disc at the top and a pommel at the base (pitted) 53 cm; 20⅞ in overall ‡ £1500-2000 268 A MACE, LATE 16TH CENTURY, GERMAN OR ITALIAN with bulbous head of seven shaped flanges, each formed with a reinforced tip, moulded central finial, tapering wooden haft pierced towards the base for a thong, and spirally fluted grip fitted with a later turned wooden finial 59 cm; 23¼ in ‡ £1500-2500

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269 A RARE ITALIAN BILL, 15TH CENTURY with low near-triangular axe blade formed with a bevelled back-edge, extending at the back to a pair of robust faceted collars, on an early wooden haft reinforced with an iron panel at the top (the iron parts pitted) 49.5 cm; 19½ in head For a discussion of this type see Waldman 2005, pp. 33 - 43. ‡ £1200-1800 270 A NORTH ITALIAN FAUCHARD, THIRD QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY, POSSIBLY VENICE with slightly curved knife-like blade formed with a short moulding on the back-edge, a characteristic crescentic rear spike and a pair of short lugs at the base, chiselled and punched with patterns of scrolls and a stylised cavalryman cartouche on each face, tapering socket chiselled and punched with flowerheads within a trellis framework, and a pair of short straps 88.4 cm; 34⅞ in head ‡ £1000-1200 271 AN ITALIAN GLAIVE (RONCONE) IN 16TH CENTURY STYLE with central spike of diamond section, tall hooked axe-blade, robust rear spike, a pair of matching basal lugs, tapering socket of flattened oval-section, and a pair of short straps (pitted), on a wooden haft 91cm; 35¾in head ‡ £300-500

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272 A GERMAN HALBERD, MID-16TH CENTURY with robust central spike of tapering-diamond section, forward-leaning axe-blade formed with a straight leading edge, stamped with a mark, in a shield a cross, on one side, decorated with a series of crescents on the reverse and with dots around the border throughout, triangular rear spike, a pair of wavy straps, on a wooden haft 76 cm; 30 in head ‡ £700-1000 273 AN ITALIAN HALBERD, LATE 16TH CENTURY with central spike of diamond-section, forward-leaning axe-blade pierced with three groups of holes and with two additional rear lugs, reinforced rear spike pierced en suite, and a pair of long straps, on a wooden haft 90.2 cm; 35½ in head ‡ £400-600 274 A GERMAN HALBERD, LAST QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY with long central spike of tapering diamond section, forward-leaning axe-blade pierced with three groups of three holes, rear fluke pierced en suite, a pair of long straps, on a portion of an early haft fitted with an additional pair of straps 62 cm; 24⅜ in head ‡ £300-500

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275 A GERMAN HALBERD, MID-16TH CENTURY with robust central spike of diamond-section, forward leaning axe-blade with straight leading edge, rear spike pierced with three holes, a pair of wavy straps, on a wooden haft (cracked through, loose) 56.5 cm; 22¼ in head ‡ £400-600 276 A GERMAN HALBERD, LATE 16TH CENTURY with robust central spike of diamond-section, axe blade pierced with two groups of three holes and stamped with a mark on one face, pierced rear fluke, a pair of straps, on a wooden haft 104 cm; 41 in head ‡ £400-600 277 A GERMAN HALBERD, LATE 16TH CENTURY, POSSIBLY STYRIAN with long tapering central spike, axe blade formed with a rear lug, pierced with three slipped circles top and bottom and a central panel of nine holes, rear spike pierced en suite, a pair of straps, on a wooden haft (shortened) with an additional pair of straps 114 cm; 45 in head ‡ £250-350 278 A STYRIAN HALBERD, LATE 16TH CENTURY with leaf-shaped central blade of hollow-diamond section, forward leaning axe blade pierced with three groups of holes, triangular rear spike pierced en suite and stamped with a star-shaped mark, faceted socket, and a pair of straps (each cracked), on a wooden haft 38.5 cm; 15¼ in head ‡ £500-700

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279 AN AMERICAN HALBERD, THIRD QUARTER OF THE 18TH CENTURY with leaf-shaped central blade pierced with three pairs of holes, curved axe-blade formed with a pair of lugs at the back top and bottom, pierced with three apertures vertically arranged as a pair of diamonds divided by a sword, flat rear spike pierced en suite (the head loose), moulded neck, and a pair of straps, on an early wooden haft with iron shoe 64 cm; 25¼ in head A closely related halberd from this collection was sold in these rooms, 4 December 2013, lot 169. Others, of related form are preserved in the Kretzchmar von Kienbusch Collection, The Philadelphia Museum of Art, cat. nos. 615, 618. ‡ £500-800 280 AN ITALIAN BILL (RONCONE) IN 16TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY with central spike of flattened-diamond section, tall axe-blade with hooked forward-leaning terminal at the top, pierced with a triangular panel incorporating three holes, rear spike, and open socket (pitted), on a wooden haft 77.2 cm; 30½ in head ‡ £500-800 281 AN ITALIAN SPEAR, LATE 16TH/EARLY 17TH CENTURY with tapering blade formed with a long medial ridge framed by a pair of grooves, a pair of basal lugs, and filed mouldings (perhaps late) at the base, tapering socket, a pair of straps, on a fabric-covered wooden haft (shortened), profusely studded with low domed rivets, and the head retaining some early gold decoration 72 cm; 28¼ in head ‡ £500-800 282 AN ITALIAN TRIDENT, 17TH CENTURY with tapering central blade, a pair of crescentic basal lugs stamped with a mark on each face, and tapering socket (pitted), on a wooden haft 75 cm; 29½ in head ‡ £200-250 113


284

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283 AN ITALIAN TRIDENT AND A NORTH EUROPEAN HALBERD, 17TH CENTURY the first with central blade of flattened-diamond section, a pair of basal lugs (substantially shortened) and tapering socket, on a wooden haft with leaf-shaped central blade, curved axe-blade, down-curved rear fluke (incomplete), and tapering socket (pitted) 34.7 cm; 13⅝ in head ‡ £150-250 284 A GERMAN AXE (DOLOIRE), 17TH/18TH CENTURY with upward-pointing leaf-shaped blade formed with a flat rear face and impressed with a design of flowers on the front, plain socket with flat rear face, and wooden haft 42 cm; 16½ in blade ‡ £300-400 285 AN AXE, POSSIBLY 16TH CENTURY with forward leaning axe-blade decorated with a series of lines on one side, tapering hammer head at the rear, and later wooden haft 59.5 cm; 23⅜ in overall ‡ £200-300 286 A PEASANT FLAIL IN 17TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY with barrel-shaped head studded with four iron spikes, the top set with a further elaborate central spike with three points, and wooden haft (cut short) 109.2 cm; 43 in overall ‡ £150-250

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287 A NORTH ITALIAN CLOSE HELMET FOR HEAVY FIELD USE, PROBABLY MILANESE, CIRCA 1580 with one-piece skull rising to a high roped medial comb fitted to either side of its rear end with a pair of rivets for the attachment of a missing plume-holder and pierced over each ear with seven small circular auditory-holes in rosette-formation, visor, upper bevor and lower bevor attached to the skull by common pivots with radially-fluted domed heads, the forward-sloping visor stepped in front of its centrally-divided vision-slit and fitted at the right with a slender lifting-peg (the latter replaced and the centre of the upper edge of the visor patched), the prow-shaped upper bevor pierced at its right side with eleven small circular ventilation-holes in rosette-formation and secured to the lower bevor, at its right, by a swivel-hook and pierced stud, and two gorget-plates front and rear (the lower front lacking the right end of its lower edge), the main edges of the helmet decorated with file-roped inward turns accompanied, in the case of those of the gorget-plates, by recessed borders, and the subsidiary edges with single incised lines, the whole retaining a black-from-the-hammer finish and traces of gilding in its borders and on its fittings 33.0 cm; 13 in ‥ £6000-8000

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288 A DUTCH HARQUEBUSIER’S CLOSE HELMET, EARLY 17TH CENTURY with two-piece skull joined along the crest of a low medial comb and fitted at the nape with a large plume-holder, obtusely-point peak and bevor attached to the skull by common pivots of dome-headed form, the bevor with broad U-shaped face-opening, secured to the skull at the right of the neck by a swivel-hook (replaced) and pierced stud, and two gorget-plates front and rear, the lowest ones in each case of obtusely-pointed form and decorated at their centres and outer ends with patterns of round-headed rivets, the main edges of the helmet formed with plain inward turns accompanied by single incised lines and the subsidiary edges only with single incised lines (some light patchy patination overall) 36.5 cm; 14¼ in ‡ £1800-2400

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289 AN ENGLISH OR FLEMISH CLOSE HELMET FOR HEAVY FIELD USE, CIRCA 1560-70 with one-piece skull rising to a high roped medial comb pierced at its rear with a later transverse hole, visor, upper bevor and lower bevor attached to the skull by common pivots with small radially-fluted domed heads, the forward-sloping visor stepped in front of its broad undivided vision-slit and fitted at the right with a slender lifting-peg (replaced), the prow-shaped upper bevor secured at the right of the chin by a spring-catch (its push-button release replaced) to the lower bevor which is in turn secured to the skull at the right of the neck by a swivel-hook and pierced stud, and two gorget-plates front and rear (the lowest front one and both rear ones restored), the main edges of the helmet decorated with file-roped inward turns accompanied, except around the face-opening of the lower bevor, by a recessed border, and the surface of the helmet with a black finish overall (the left of the skull with a small riveted patch at the left ear and the upper bevor with small chip towards the rear of its upper edge) 29.7 cm; 11½ in ‡ £5000-7000

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290 AN ITALIAN CLOSE HELMET OF SO-CALLED ‘SAVOYARD’ TYPE, CIRCA 1620 of shot-proof weight with a skull formed in two halves joined by means of a riveted overlap along the crest of a low medial ridge and flanged outwards at its lower edge to form a rounded integral rear-gorget-plate, peak and bevor attached to the skull by common pivots with slotted and radially-fluted domed heads, the peak arched over the eyes and descending between them, as a V-shaped projection, to the level of the mouth, the bevor flanged outwards at its lower edge to form an integral front gorget-plate en suite with the rear one and having a face-opening that narrows just above the mouth, the main edges of the helmet formed with file-roped inward turns accompanied, except around the face-opening, with recessed borders, and its surface blackened overall (the main edges of the helmet extensively corroded, and the crest of the skull perforated at one point) 27.0 cm; 10¼ in ‡ £2500-3500

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291 AN ITALIAN BURGONET, EARLY 17TH CENTURY, WITH RESTORED BUFFE the burgonet with rounded one-piece skull rising to a low, file-roped medial ridge enclosed to either side by pair of incised lines (the ridge showing extensive welded repairs), the front and rear of the skull respectively projecting forwards and backwards as a short obtusely pointed peak and a neck-guard, its sides fitted with hinged cheek-pieces (restored), each shaped at it upper front corner to fit over the outer ends of the peak, flanged outwards at its lower end to serve as a continuation of the neck-guard, and pierced at its centre with seven circular auditory-holes in rosette formation; and the buffe formed of a low bevor flanged outwards at its lower end to form a an integral gorget-plate matching the neck-guard, and surmounted by two falling plates, each pierced with a row of twelve vertical double-ended keyhole ventilation-slots and the first rising to a chevron-shaped upper edge, and the main edges of both the burgonet and buff formed with file-roped inward turns 24.5 cm; 13½ in ‡ £1200-1800

292 A BLACK-AND-WHITE BURGONET, PROBABLY FLEMISH, CIRCA 1560 with shallow one-piece skull rising to a high roped medial comb, projecting forwards and backwards respectively to an integral peak and neck-guard, the former more acutely pointed than the latter, and fitted at each side with a small hinged cheek-piece (the right patched), its front and rear edges shaped to accommodate the ends of the peak and neck-guard, the main edges of the helmet, except for those of the cheek-pieces, formed with boldly roped inward turns accompanied by narrow recessed borders, and its surface decorated with narrow longitudinal bands blackened, like the borders, to contrast with an otherwise bright ground (the colours originally reversed) 24.0 cm; 9½ in ‡ £2000-3000

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293 A FLEMISH ZISCHÄGGE, CIRCA 1620 with hemispherical skull formed in two pieces joined medially by rivets, decorated around its based with a raised band and above it with eighteen flutes radiating from a fluted sub-conical finial screwed at its apex through a star-shaped washer, the flutes in each case decorated with incised lines and separated from one another by roped ribs, the front of the skull projecting forward and very slightly downwards to a broad obtusely-pointed peak pierced at the centre of the brow with a rectangular slot to receive a sliding nasal-bar retained by a staple and locking-screw, the upper end of the nasal bar and the head of the locking-screw formed as fleurs-de-lis, the rear of the skull fitted at the nape with a tapering tubular plume-holder decorated with diagonal slashes and roped terminals, and just below it with a markedly flared,, downward-sloping neck-guard of five lames, each formed at is upper edge with alternating cusps and ogees, the lowest at the centre of its lowest edge with prominent cusp, and each side provided with a pendent cheek-piece (detached) of trapezoidal form decorated at its centre with a fretted cinquefoil, the main edges of the helmet formed with roped inward turns and its surfaces variously decorated with single and double incised lines (the peak with a small patch at its front and the skull with small perforations at the crests of two flutes) 24.0 cm; 9½ in ‡ £3000-4000 294 A GERMAN ZISCHÄGGE, CIRCA 1650 of shot-proof weight with hemispherical one-piece skull decorated with eight incised lines radiating from a squat brass finial riveted at it apex, the front of the skull fitted with a wide, obtusely-pointed peak pierced at the centre of the brow with a rectangular slot to receive a restored sliding nasal-bar retained by a staple and locking-screw, the leaf-shaped upper end of the nasal-bar (replaced and attached by welding) struck with the serial number 1, the rear of the skull fitted with a long, gently flared, neck-guard decorated at its obtusely-pointed lower end with a circle of rivets, and each of its sides fitted with a pendent cheekpiece (the right detached) of tapering two-piece construction cut away slightly at the lower end of its front edge and decorated at the lower end of its upper section with an embossed heart pierced with three holes, the main edges of the helmet formed with plain inward turns accompanied in the case of the peak by a recessed border, the subsidiary edges of the neck-guard formed with cusps accompanied by pairs of incised lines, the brow of the skull bearing the proof-marks of two bullets and its right side the marks of seven sword-cuts, 29.0 cm; 11½ in ‡ £1200-1800

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295 AN ITALIAN BURGONET, CIRCA 1580 with tall one-piece almond-shaped skull rising at its apex to a short ‘stalk’, projecting forwards and backwards respectively to an obtusely-pointed integral peak and neck-guard, and fitted at each side with a hinged cheek-piece (restored) pierced at its centre with five small auditory-holes in dice-formation and flanged outwards at the rear of its lower edge (the flange of the left restored), the crown of the skull encircled by round-headed lining-rivets with brass rosette-washers (replaced), the main edges of the helmet formed with file roped inward turns accompanied by narrow grooves, and its surface blued overall 27.0 cm; 10½ in ‡ £2000-3000 296 A GERMAN BLACK-AND-WHITE COMB MORION, EARLY 17TH CENTURY with rounded crown formed in two pieces joined along the crest of a high file-roped medial comb, integral brim turned down at each side and rising to an acute point front and rear, its edge formed with a notched inward turn, the base of the crown encircled by eight (formerly ten) lining-rivets with rosette-washers, and each side decorated in relief with a large fleur-de-lis on a blackpainted ground (pierced at points with later suspension holes) 25.0 cm; 17 in ‡ £1200-1800 297 A GERMAN BURGONET, EARLY 17TH CENTURY with rounded skull formed in two pieces joined along the crest of a high and slender narrow medial comb, acutely pointed peak attached within the front of the skull by rivets, one-piece neck-guard articulated to its rear, and a pair of large hinged cheek-pieces each flanged outwards at its lower edge to serving as continuations of the neck-guard and pierced at its centre with five small auditory-holes in dice-formation, the skull fitted with a canvas lining, the main edges of the helmet formed with plain inward turns and its surface blackened overall 28.0 cm; 11 in ‡ £1200-1800

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298 A DUTCH PIKEMAN’S POT, CIRCA 1620-30 with hemispherical crown formed in two pieces joined along the crest of a low medial comb, integral brim of even width turned down all round and formed at its edge with a plain inward turn bordered by a single incised line, the base of the crown fitted at the rear with a large plume-holder and encircled by fourteen round-headed lining-rivets, and the brim struck at the right with an indistinct mark, almost certainly the crowned IR government ownership mark of the reign of King James II of England (pitted overall and showing some bruising) pierced at points with later suspension-holes) 22.0 cm; 8¾ in ‡ £1200-1800 299 AN ENGLISH HARQUEBUSIER’S POT, MID-17TH CENTURY with hemispherical skull formed in two pieces joined medially along the crest of a low comb, fitted at the brow with a broad, flat obtusely-pointed peak supporting on its underside a triple-barred face-guard, at the nape with an obtusely-pointed one-piece neckguard embossed to simulate four lames bordered at their upper edges by single incised lines, and at each side with a pendent scutiform cheek-piece, the main edges of the helmet formed with plain inward turns bordered in the case of the neck-guard by a recessed border (the peak, face-guard and cheek-pieces restored, the left articulation-point of the neck-guard repaired and the whole moderately patinated overall) ‡ £400-700 300 AN ITALIAN MORION IN THE SPANISH FASHION, EARLY 17TH CENTURY with one-piece almond-shaped crown rising at its apex to a vestigial stalk, slightly down-turned narrow integral brim (cracked at the front left), the base of the crown encircled by fourteen small lining-rivets and rosette washers of brass and the brim formed with a plain inward turn accompanied by a narrow groove (extensively pitted and patinated throughout) 18.0 cm; 17 in ‡ £300-400

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301 A RARE SKULL OF A SOUTH GERMAN ZISCHÄGGE, NUREMBERG, SECOND HALF OF THE 16TH CENTURY with one-piece skull of ogival form terminating at its apex in a slender finial with baluster moulding, decorated between a transverse groove and accompanying rib at its upper end and a transverse groove alone at its lower end with a broad band of close-set vertical flutes, the lower groove retaining traces of gilding, fitted at its brow with a staple and small locking-screw, together retaining a sturdy sliding nasal-bar (restored), the bar and staple each decorated with a filed pattern of lozenges, the lower edge of the skull formed in two opposing sections with raised ribs, its border struck with the quality-control-mark of the city of Nuremberg, and pierced with numerous holes, many later (the skull bruised and perforated at some points and bearing light to moderate pitting overall) 35.5 cm; 14 in Helmets such as this were made in imitation of the Turkish shishak. Other examples are discussed by Mann 1962, II, pp. 109-10, pl. 59, Norman 1986, p. 48, and Gamber and Beaufort 1990, pp. 164-5, pl. 77. Five examples, dating from about 1563, are illustrated in the pattern-book of the Augsburg etcher Jörg Sorg the Younger (Becher et. al., 1980, p. 91) . ‡ £3000-5000

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302 AN ARMET IN THE ITALIAN EARLY 16TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY with one-piece hemispherical skull formed medially with a hollowed keel, extending downwards at the nape as a medial strip bearing at its lower end a projecting stem and roundel, fitted at the brow with reinforce, and at each side with a pivoted demi-visor and a pair of hinged cheek-pieces, the brow-reinforce formed at each side of its upper edge with a semi-circular cut-out, and at it lower edge with a projecting flange serving as the upper edge of a vision-slit, the cheek-pieces well-shaped to the chin and nape, overlapped and fastened by a stud at the front, fastened by a strap and buckle at the lower edge of the rear and cut at the front with a deep U-shaped face-opening, the visor, of “sparrow’s-beak” form having its arms extended backwards over the pivots to which they are attached in each case by a pin, fitted at its right side with a quadrangular lifting-peg, and having its upper edge flanged outwards to serve as a the lower edge of a vision-slit (lightly pitted overall) 28.5 cm; 11¼ in ‡ £3000-5000 303 A CLOSE HELMET IN THE MID-16TH CENTURY GERMAN STYLE, 19TH CENTURY with rounded one-piece skull rising to a low boldly-roped medial comb and fitted at the nape with a tapering tubular plume-holder, peak and bevor attached to the skull by common pivots with small, radially-incised dome-heads, the broad peak of round-fronted form, the bevor fitted with a falling buffe of three lames of which the first rises at its upper edge to a central cusp and is pieced with six X-shaped ventilation-holes, and the second is pierced with ten circular ventilation-holes, and two gorget-plates front and rear, the lowest ones at the front descending to a point, and the main edges of the helmet formed with file-roped inward turns 31.0 cm; 12¼ in ‡ £1800-2400

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304 A CLOSE HELMET IN THE EARLY 17TH CENTURY GERMAN STYLE, 19TH CENTURY with two-piece skull joined along the crest of a moderately high, file-roped medial comb and fitted at the nape with a plumeholder, visor, upper bevor and lower bevor attached to the skull by common pivots fitted beneath their small rounded heads with rosette-washers of iron, forward-sloping visor pierced at its lower end with a pair of vision-slits and at its right side with a small hole intended to accommodate a missing lifting-peg, the near-upright lower bevor pierced with five circular ventilation-holes at its left side and six rectangular ones at its right, the lower edge of the right side further pierced with a hole to accommodate the spring catch projecting from the chin of the lower bevor, and two gorget-plates front and rear, the main edge of the lowest in each case formed with a plain inward turn accompanied by a recessed border and the surface of the helmet blackened overall, 30.8 cm; 12 in ‡ £800-1200 305 A BURGONET IN THE SOUTH GERMAN STYLE OF THE LATE 16TH CENTURY, 19TH CENTURY with rounded one-piece skull rising to a high medial comb, projecting forward to upward-sloping obtusely-pointed integral peak, fitted at the nape with a rounded one-piece neck-guard and at each side with a hinged cheek-piece flanged outwards at its lower edge to serve as a continuation of the neck-guard and pierced at its centre with nine small auditory holes in rosette formation, the main edges of the helmet formed with plain inward turns (showing a light mottled patina overall) ‡ £500-800 306 A BURGONET IN THE LATE 16TH CENTURY ITALIAN STYLE, 19TH CENTURY with rounded skull formed in two pieces joined by welding along the crest of a high medial comb, pointed peak and neck-guard respectively attached within the front and rear edges of the skull by rivets with high radially-fluted heads, and hinged cheek-pieces attached to the sides of the skull by similar rivets, their flanged front and lower edges respectively serving as continuations of the peak and neck-guard, and their centres pierced in each case with five small auditory-holes in rosette-formation, the main edges of the helmet formed with file-roped inward turns and its surface blackened overall (the neck-guard slightly bent and the skull patched at the brow and above the hinge of the right cheek-piece) 29.0 cm; 11½ in ‡ £800-1200

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307 A SOUTH GERMAN GAUNTLET FOR THE RIGHT HAND, CIRCA 1550 formed of a short straight-ended tubular cuff with an associated fixed inner plate, its lower end decorated over the end of the ulna with a roped almond-shaped boss, four metacarpal plates (the last two associated but perhaps from the same series), a knuckle-plate decorated with a low, fileroped transverse rib, and five finger-plates tapering slightly to their rounded file-roped end (the outer plate of the cuff perforated at two points; the remainder showing patches of superficial rust) 26.5 cm; 10½ in

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‡ £700-1200 308 A SOUTH GERMAN COLLAR, LATE 16TH CENTURY formed of three lames front and rear, the lowest of which is deeper than the rest and first of which is formed at its upper edge with a file-roped inward turn, the two sections joined at the left by an internal hinge and fastened at the right by studs and holes, the lowest front lame (associated) decorated at its upper edge with a series of evenly-spaced dots (the lowest front and rear lames respectively showing some plugged holes and small riveted patch 17.1 cm; 6¾ in diameter ‡ £800-1200

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309 A VAMPLATE AND LANCE IN MID-16TH CENTURY STYLE the vamplate of a single piece of steel joined by a brazed line, and the border studded with domed brass rivets (one missing), on a fluted wooden lance (the forward half missing), recessed for the hand and tapering at the rear 187 cm; 73⅝ in overall ‡ £500-800

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310 A SOUTH GERMAN INFANTRY BREASTPLATE, MID-16TH CENTURY formed of a medially-ridged main plate projecting forward over the belly, possessing a broad shallow neck-opening, fitted at its arm-openings with moveable gussets and flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive an associated fauld of three lames, the lowest of which is formed over the crotch with an arched flange and fitted to either side of it with a pair of straps for the suspension of a pair of long tassets (associate) each of nine lames extending to just above the knee (the right slightly composite), the lowest lame of the left struck just above its convex lower edge with the mark of the Vienna Zeughaus, the main edges formed throughout with roped inward turns accmpanied in the case of that at the neck of the main plate by a deep recessed border projecting downwards at its centre 80.0 cm; 31½ in ‡ £1200-1800

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311 A SOUTH GERMAN BREASTPLATE OF ANIME CONSTRUCTION, NUREMBERG, CIRCA 1560 formed of seven (originally more) all medially-ridged, upward-overlapping lames, of which the first forms the base of an integral collar, and the second to fourth are cut away at each side to accommodate a pair of movable gussets at the arm-openings, the first and second lames each struck with the quality-control mark of the city of Nuremberg, and the third with the mark of the Imperial Ottoman Arsenal at Istanbul, the surfaces of the breastplate decorated with six evenly-spaced narrow vertical grooves, originally coloured black on a bright ground, and its main edges formed with finely file-roped inward turns and its subsidiary edges decorated with rectangular notches ((the upper corners of the first lame showing losses due to corrosion and the whole, a mottled patina) 33.0 cm; 13 in The breastplate is of interest in having come from the Ottoman Imperial Arsenal at Istanbul, suggesting that it was taken as booty from Christian forces by the troops of Suleiman the Magnificent (1520-66). In 1565 they laid siege to the Knights of St John at Malta. ‡ £1200-1800 312 AN ENGLISH HARQUEBUSIER’S BREASTPLATE, LONDON, MID-17TH CENTURY, WITH ETCHED DECORATION OF THE 19TH CENTURY formed in one piece with a medial ridge, an upstanding neck-opening, a shallow V-shaped waist-line bearing a short integral flange, and fitted at each arm-opening with a gilt iron buckle (in place of an original stud) to receive a shoulder-strap, the neckopening struck with the initials HC of a London armourer, and the helmeted A mark employed by the London Armourer’s Company in the years 1650-60, and later etched in three bands with trophies of arms on a stippled and blackened ground, enclosed in each case by narrower band of cabling (lightly pitted overall) 34.8 cm; 12¾ in ‡ £1000-1400

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313 A RARE GERMAN ‘BISHOP’S MANTLE’ OF MAIL, SECOND HALF OF THE 16TH CENTURY formed of small riveted rings of circular-section wire throughout, opening at the rear, its upstanding neck-opening formed of rings of a thicker gauge of which those at the edge are of brass, and its lower edge cut with five projecting dags of which those over the centre of the chest and each shoulder are longer than the others (a few small holes and losses) 32.0 cm; 11 in ‡ £2000-2500 314 A SOUTH GERMAN BACKPLATE, EARLY 17TH CENTURY formed of a main plate with broad shallow neck-opening, two small side-plates rigidly riveted within its lateral margins and contributing in each case to its arm-opening, and a short waist-plate, narrower than the main plate, rigidly riveted within the lower margin of the latter and flanged outwards at its lower edge to form a short skirt, the main edges of all parts formed with plain inward turns and their surfaces showing the remains of a black-from-the-hammer finish 41.0 cm; 16¼ in ‡ £300-500

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315 A GERMAN STEEL TARGET, EARLY 17TH CENTURY of convex circular form, decorated with six evenly spaced low ridges radiating from a small central conical boss, its edge formed with a plain inward turn bordered by round-headed lining rivets with octagonal internal washers retaining fragments of a leather lining-band, the rear fitted across its centre with four pairs of similar rivets and washers for the attachment of enarmes, the outer face retaining a black-from-the-hanmmer finish with traces of gilt decoration at its centre and periphery 62.6 cm; 24¾ in diameter ‡ £1800-2200 316 A CONTINENTAL CUIRASSIER’S BREASTPLATE, MID-19TH CENTURY of medially-ridged one-piece form with outward-flanged edges at the neck and arm-openings and inward-turned edges at its sides and the lower edge of its convex waist-flange, each side of the chest fitted with a mushroom-headed stud of brass for the shoulder-straps, the main edges of the breastplate bordered throughout with large brass lining-rivets, all, except for those at the shoulders, round-headed, the right of the breast struck with the proof-mark of a bullet, the right of the waist struck with the initials AA over 2313, and the left of the waist struck with three marks, the central one comprising a crown within a rectangle) 37.5 cm; 14¾ in ‡ £200-250

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317 A FINE GERMAN BRONZE SALUTING CANNON, DATED 1714 with tapering multi-stage barrel formed with raised astragal mouldings, strongly moulded muzzle, cast with bands of elaborate scrollwork behind the muzzle, of the first reinforce and the chase, the latter incorporating the crowned coat-ofarms of the Duchy of Wurttemberg enclosed by foliage and the former with a scrolling panel with the abbreviated inscription and the date ‘17 E.L.H.Z.W.14’ for Eberhard Louis Herzog von Wurttemberg, raised collar-shaped vent, a pair of dolphin lifting handles, a pair of long plain trunnions, and globose cascable moulded en suite, with the muzzle and drawn-out to a pierced button chiselled with acanthus: on a later finely constructed iron-clad field carriage painted in polychrome and fitted with a pair of spoked wheels 67.3 cm; 26½ in barrel 2.5 cm; 1 in bore Eberhard Ludwig, tenth Duke of Württemberg (1676-1733), was the only son of Wilhelm Ludwig of Württemberg (16471677) and succeeded to the dukedom when under a year old. During the years of his minority, the duchy was ruled by a regent, his uncle Friedrich Karl. In 1693, when Eberhard Ludwig was sixteen, the Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I proclaimed him duke in order to secure the duchy’s support for the Empire: strategically situated on the right bank of the Rhine, Württemberg represented a significant bastion for the Empire against the aggressive encroachments of Louis XIV’s France.

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Often popularly represented as a spendthrift and proto-absolutist ruler unduly influenced by his mistress and her family, the duke was typical of many of his peers - the rulers of the German princely states - in seeking to establish and increase the status of his duchy through overt magnificence, military expenditure and diplomatic manoeuvring. His uncle had created a standing army from Württemberg’s militia in the early 1690s and the duke capitalised on that initiative by increasing the size of the army: both men also raised regiments of Württembergers for the specific purpose of hiring them as mercenaries to other states. Although loyally allied to the Empire and the anti-French ‘Grand Alliance’ during the War of the League of Augsburg (1688-97), the duke was ambivalent in his allegiance during the War of the Spanish Succession (1702-14) and periodically flirted with the idea of a French alliance in the hope of increasing his status; his appointment as Imperial Field Marshal in 1712 was made in order to secure his loyalty to the Empire. The ending of the war with France in 1714 left Württemberg in considerable debt and the duke without his desired enhanced political status. In the same year, though, hostilities between Venice and the Ottoman Empire began; Venice had hired Württemberger soldiers during an earlier war with the Turks and so, in October 1714, the Serene Republic approached the duke for a large contingent of men. In the event, the duke was out-manoeuvred by the Viennese court, his personal negotiations with Venice failed and the Württemberger soldiers ended up in Imperial service at far lower rates of pay than the Venetians would have paid. It is possible that this gun was cast in 1714 as part of the duke’s attempts to provide appropriately equipped forces for Venice. A colourful figure with considerable, if poorly focussed, ambition, Eberhard Ludwig failed in his principal aim: the establishment of absolute rule in a duchy with a fully funded army and genuine status within the Holy Roman Empire. The cultural achievements of his reign - the building of Schloss Ludwigsburg, for example - must be regarded as outweighing the military and political ones. See Wilson 1995. ‡ £4000-6000

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318 A BRONZE MODEL OF ANDREA DEL VERROCCHIO’S COLLEONI MONUMENT, PROBABLY LATE 19TH CENTURY dark patinated equestrian figure on plinth base 53 cm ; 20⅞ in high ‡ £1000-1500 319 HANS MÜLLER (AUSTRIAN 1873-1937): KNIGHT OF VERONA Austrian part patinated bronze figure, early 20th century, inscribed in the bronze H. Muller Red, with Viennese foundry stamp, on a Verde Antico veneered trapezoid base 28 cm; 11 in high excluding Verde Antico veneered trapezoid base ‡ £700-1000 320 ANDRE CESAR VERMARE (FRENCH 1869-1949): JEANNE D’ARC DEBOUT PORTANT SON ETANDARD French patinated bronze figure, circa 1910, modelled as the young woman about to plant the banner, signed in the bronze, underside inscribed 9-9-09. 29 38.5 cm; 15⅛ in high ‡ £300-500

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321 A 28 BORE GERMAN WHEEL-LOCK HOLSTER PISTOL, SUHL, MID-17TH CENTURY with tapering octagonal barrel struck with Suhl control marks and a further mark (indistinct) at the breech, rounded lock retained by three side nails, fitted with external wheel retained by a small basal bracket, dog and sliding pan-cover, full stock rounded beneath the lock (small scratches, bruising, pierced through for display at the butt), impressed with a mark behind the lock, iron mounts comprising trigger-guard, ramrod-pipe, fore-end cap and a band enclosing the butt, and early iron-tipped ramrod 43.5 cm; 17⅛ in barrel ‡ £2500-3500 322 A 28 BORE NORTH EUROPEAN WHEEL-LOCK HOLSTER PISTOL, MID-17TH CENTURY with associated barrel formed in two stages (pitted over the median), rounded lock retained by three side nails, fitted with external wheel retained by a small basal bracket, dog and sliding pan-cover, full stock rounded beneath the lock, iron mounts comprising trigger-guard, ramrod-pipe, fore-end cap and a band enclosing the base of the butt, and the latter fitted with a turned bone button (later ramrod) 49 cm; 19¼ in barrel ‡ £2500-3500 323 A 32 BORE GERMAN WHEEL-LOCK HOLSTER PISTOL, SUHL, THIRD QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY with tapering heavy octagonal barrel struck with Suhl mark at the breech, rounded lock retained by three side nails (one seized), fitted with external wheel retained by a small basal bracket, dog and sliding pan-cover, full stock rounded beneath the lock, iron mounts comprising trigger-guard, ramrod-pipe, fore-end cap and butt-cap, and iron-tipped ramrod 37.5 cm; 14¾ in barrel ‡ £2000-3000

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324 A FINE 28 BORE SOUTH GERMAN WHEEL-LOCK HOLSTER PISTOL, CIRCA 1580 with heavy swamped barrel formed in two stages, octagonal breech incised ‘IVX’ beneath, angular tang, flat lock retained by two side nails, fitted with external wheel retained by a circular bracket, sliding pan-cover with foliate button release, moulded dog, filed dog spring and sprung safety-catch opposite the lock, full stock profusely inlaid in engraved staghorn with scrollwork plaques over the fore-end involving a grotesque, a scrollwork grotesque opposite the lock, and a pair of bearded profiles within an architectural framework about the tang, all against a ground of tightly scrolling ball flower tendrils within ropework frames, enriched with greenstained horn plaques, ball pommel inlaid with engraved staghorn and green stained horn en suite with the stock (restorations, small pieces of inlay replaced, the pommel rondel later), iron trigger-guard, engraved staghorn fore-end cap, and associated ramrod 25.8 cm; 10⅛ in barrel ‡ £15000-20000

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325 A 32 BORE SCOTTISH FLINTLOCK BELT PISTOL BY I. MURDOCH, CIRCA 1780 with three-stage barrel flaring at the muzzle, engraved with foliage and panels of scrollwork, signed lock engraved with foliage, full stock engraved with panels of wriggle-work, bulbous butt inset with a small silver rondel on the pommel (the engraving refreshed, restorations), engraved steel button trigger, plain belt hook of shaped outline, and associated ramrod 14.8 cm; 15¾ in barrel ‡ £1200-1800

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326 A FINE PAIR OF 38 BORE SCOTTISH FLINTLOCK BELT PISTOLS BY I. CHRISTIE, PERTH, CIRCA 1780 with three-stage barrels flaring at the muzzles and reeded over the breeches, the medians engraved with scrolls of thistle foliage, signed border-engraved locks decorated with scrollwork on the tails, full stocks with bulbous butts, engraved over their surface with panels of scrollwork and foliage, the pommels set with small silver rondels, engraved silver button triggers, engraved iron belt-hooks with pierced brackets, and moulded iron ramrods, probably the original 13 cm; 5⅛ in barrels (2) ‡ £5000-7000

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327 A CASED PAIR OF 45 BORE ENGLISH FLINTLOCK POCKET PISTOLS SIGNED PALMER, LONDON, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1830 with blued turn-off barrels engraved with a band around the muzzles, signed rounded engraved actions decorated with trophies-ofarms, sliding thumb-piece safety-catches also locking the steels, blued folding trigger-guards, figured walnut butts, engraved silver escutcheons with the owner’s initials ‘J.H.’: in a later fitted mahogany case lined in plum velvet and with some accessories including brass three-way flask by Dixon & Sons, barrel wrench and bullet mould 3.8 cm; 1½ in barrels ‡ £500-700 328 A PAIR OF 18 BORE ENGLISH SILVER-MOUNTED FLINTLOCK TURN-OFF PISTOL BY JOHN EASTERBY, LONDON, CIRCA 1750 with cannon barrels moulded at the muzzles, engraved separate tangs, rounded actions signed beneath the pans (worn), figured walnut butts inlaid with silver wire scrolls (repairs), silver mounts cast and chased in low relief comprising openwork foliate sideplates, grotesque mask butt-caps, and vacant rococo escutcheons, and moulded steel trigger-guards 13.5 cm; 5⅜ in barrels (2) John Easterby, a ‘Foreign’ gunmaker, is recorded in Charing Cross where he was allowed to prove guns by the Gunmaker’s Company 1724-31. ‡ £800-1200

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329 A PAIR OF 22 BORE ENGLISH SILVER-MOUNTED FLINTLOCK TURN-OFF PISTOLS BY JAMES BARBAR, LONDON, CIRCA 1770 with three-stage cannon barrels, numbered ‘1’ and ‘2’ respectively, engraved separate tangs, rounded actions engraved with foliage, inscribed ‘London’ on the breeches and signed beneath, stamped with the barrelsmith’s mark, figured walnut butts carved with a raised moulding about the tangs (small repairs), silver mounts cast and chased in low relief, comprising trophy-of-arms sideplates, spurred pommels fitted with lion mask caps, and vacant rococo escutcheons, and steel trigger-guards engraved with a rococo flower (rubbed) 14 cm; 5½ in barrels (2) James Barber, son of Lewis, is recorded 1714-1773. He was Gentleman Armourer to George II in 1741 and furbisher at Hampton Court until 1767. ‡ £1200-1800

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330 A 50 BORE ENGLISH FLINTLOCK POCKET PISTOL BY HUDSON, LONDON, CIRCA 1770 with turn-off cannon barrel, box-lock action signed on a scroll on the right and inscribed ‘London’ on the left, engraved tang, flatsided walnut butt impressed ‘1571’ on the right, and sliding trigger-guard safety-catch engraved with a star 5 cm; 2 in barrel ‡ £300-400 331 A 16 BORE ENGLISH FLINTLOCK PISTOL BY BARBAR, CIRCA 1770 with two-stage barrel with traces of ‘London’ inscription, engraved breech tang, signed border-engraved lock, full stock (repairs), inlaid with silver wire scrolls about the tang, white metal mounts (restorations) cast and chased in low relief, including grotesque mask butt-cap, later side-plate and escutcheon, and later ramrod 19.4 cm; 7⅝ in barrel ‡ £600-800 332 A 20 BORE ENGLISH FLINTLOCK LONG HOLSTER PISTOL OF LIVERY TYPE BY PICKFATT, CIRCA 1780 with two-stage barrel moulded at the breech, engraved with a coronet of a count or Earl, ‘Hartford’ and ‘U39’, plain tang (cracked through), signed rounded lock, figured walnut full stock (chipped), brass mounts comprising engraved flush-fitting side-plate, spurred pommel with grotesque mask cap, vacant escutcheon, and a pair of moulded ramrod-pipes, and wooden ramrod 35.5 cm; 14 in barrel ‡ £1200-1800

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333 A .65 CALIBRE BRITISH FLINTLOCK LIGHT DRAGOON PISTOL BY GALTON, DATED 1760 with tapering regulation barrel, border-engraved rounded lock (cock replaced) signed and dated on the tail, and with ‘GR’ crowned beneath the pan, full stock moulded about the tang (cracked opposite the lock), and regulation brass mounts (associated ramrod) 22.8 cm; 9 in barrel ‡ £1000-1500 334 A .56 CALIBRE 1738 PATTERN FLINTLOCK LAND SERVICE PISTOL BY JORDAN, DATED 1744 with tapering barrel stamped with Ordnance and Tower proof marks, border-engraved regulation lock signed and dated on the tail, and with ‘GR’ crowned beneath the pan, stamped with the number ‘2’ crowned on the inside and a further mark, probably ‘EI’, regulation full stock moulded about the tang (small cracks and light bruising), regulation brass mounts, and brass-tipped ramrod 30.6 cm; 12 1/16 in barrel ‡ £1500-2000 335 A .577 CALIBRE 1738 PATTERN FLINTLOCK LAND SERVICE PISTOL, DATED 1742 with tapering barrel, moulded breech with an additional recessed band, stamped with Ordnance and Tower proof marks, borderengraved regulation lock (refreshed) with ‘Tower’ and the date on the tail, and ‘GR’ crowned beneath the pan, stamped with the number ‘7’ crowned on the inside and the initials ‘EI’, regulation full stock moulded about the tang (small cracks, chips and light bruising), regulation brass mounts, and brass-tipped ramrod 30.6 cm; 12 1/16 in barrel ‡ £1400-1800

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336 A .700 CALIBRE FRENCH MODEL 1763/66 FLINTLOCK DRAGOON PISTOL of regulation type, the tang inscribed ‘No. 60’, the lock with Charleville arsenal inscription, regulation stock and brass mounts, including side-plate incised ‘A-No-8’, and iron ramrod 23 cm; 9⅛ in barrel ‡ £500-700 337 A .700 CALIBRE FRENCH MODEL 1763/66 FLINTLOCK DRAGOON PISTOL, DATED 1775 of regulation type, the tang inscribed with the date, the lock with arsenal inscription (cock, pan and steel replaced), regulation stock and brass mounts, and later iron ramrod 23 cm; 9⅛ in barrel ‡ £350-450 338 A 20 BORE GERMAN FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOL, CIRCA 1750 with tapering barrel stamped with the brass-lined barreslsmith’s marks over the breech (pitted), grooved tang, bevelled lock, figured walnut full stock carved with scrolls of foliage in low relief over the fore-end and about the tang, brass mounts comprising engraved flush-fitting side-plate pierced with a design of scrolling foliage, engraved spurred faceted pommel, moulded triggerguard, a pair of ramrod-pipes and engraved escutcheon and brass-tipped ramrod 31 cm; 12¼ in barrel ‡ £800-1000

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339 A 25 BORE ITALIAN SNAPHAUNCE BELT PISTOL, THIRD QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY reconverted from percussion, with tapering barrel inscribed ‘Lazaro Lazarino’ on the flat, chiselled with foliage and the breech chiselled with a grotesque surmounted by an architectural landscape, rounded lock chiselled with grotesques and scrolls, fitted with cock, pan and battery all decorated en suite, figured walnut full stock carved with scrolls (repairs), and moulded steel mounts including trigger-guard, pierced openwork side-plate, spurred pommel and long wavy belt-hook and steel ramrod 40 cm; 15¾ in barrel ‡ £600-800 340 AN 18 BORE BOHEMIAN FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOL, CIRCA 1740, PROBABLY CARLSBAD with three-stage barrel moulded at the muzzle, with traces of gold and silver encrusted designs over the median and the breech, rounded lock, signed L. Nihet ahead of the cock, full stock carved with scrolls about the rear ramrod-pipe and the tang, brass mounts comprising side-plate pierced with a design of foliage inhabited by a bird-of-prey and a hound, spurred pommel with grotesque mask cap, trigger-guard engraved with a classical warrior on the bow and with acanthus finial, a pair of moulded ramrod-pipes, the rear en suite with the trigger-guard, escutcheon with a warrior profile, and later fore-end cap and ramrod 32.5 cm; 12¾ in barrel See Hayward 1963, p. 131 ‡ £1500-2500

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341 A .22 CALIBRE U.S. FIVE-SHOT PERCUSSION PEPPERBOX REVOLVER, MID-19TH CENTURY with fluted barrel group, scroll-engraved rounded under-hammer action (worn), scroll-engraved tang continuing to form the backstrap, bag-shaped hardwood grips retained by a rivet over a white metal washer and ring-shaped trigger 4.5 cm; 1¾ in barrels ‡ £200-300 342 A .31 CALIBRE U.S. PERCUSSION UNDERHAMMER BOOT PISTOL BY H. J. HALE, MID-19TH CENTURY with two-stage rifled sighted barrel stamped with warrant inscription over the breech tang, underhammer action, and brass-bound figured hardwood grips with pointed butt 10 cm; 4 in barrel ‡ £300-400 343 A .450 CALIBRE AMERICAN FLINTLOCK KENTUCKY PISTOL, CIRCA 1780 with tapering barrel bored with six straight grooves, moulded at the breech, struck ‘ARA’ and ‘R’ , bevelled lock struck ‘N’, full stock cut with linear mouldings, carved with a bouquet and scrolls about the tang, ‘bird’s head’ pommel, scroll-engraved brass mounts comprising two-piece side-plate, butt-cap, and trigger-guard, two ramrod-pipes, fore-end cap and later ramrod 15.5 cm; 6⅛ in barrel ‡ £600-800

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344 A .34 CALIBRE U.S. PERCUSSION UNDERHAMMER BOOT PISTOL BY BACON & CO., MID-19TH CENTURY with two-stage rifled sighted barrel with maker’s inscription stamped on the left of the breech, and stamped ‘24’ beneath, scrollengraved underhammer action, and hardwood grips 7.5 cm; 3 in barrel ‡ £300-500 345 A .400 CALIBRE U.S. PERCUSSION UNDERHAMMER BOOT PISTOL, MID-19TH CENTURY with rifled sighted barrel formed with a long flat, the breech formed with a pronounced recess on each side, underhammer action fitted with belt-hook on the right, and angular butt (cracked) inset with a German silver plaque 19.5 cm; 7¾ in barrel ‡ £250-350 346 A .34 CALIBRE U.S. PERCUSSION UNDERHAMMER BOOT PISTOL BY BACON & CO., MID-19TH CENTURY with two-stage rifled sighted barrel with maker’s inscription stamped on the left of the breech, stamped ‘6’ beneath, scrollengraved underhammer action (pitted), and hardwood grips 13 cm; 5⅛ in barrel ‡ £300-400 347 A .31 CALIBRE U.S. PERCUSSION UNDERHAMMER BOOT PISTOL, MID-19TH CENTURY with two-stage barrel, faceted tang incorporating the back-sight, underhammer action and later hardwood butt 12.5 cm; 5 in barrel ‡ £200-300

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348 AN 18 BORE GERMAN MILITARY WHEEL-LOCK CARBINE, SUHL, THIRD QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY with two-stage sighted barrel struck with a series of marks over the breech including Suhl control mark, rounded military lock retained by three side nails, fitted with external wheel, sliding pan-cover, and angular dog, hardwood full stock (cracks and repairs, the forward portion of the fore-end replaced), iron mounts including broad rounded trigger-guard, saddle bar with ring, and ramrodpipe (fore-end cap missing) and iron-tipped wooden ramrod 63.7 cm; 25⅛ in barrel ‡ £2000-3000 349 A .750 CALIBRE GERMAN FLINTLOCK RIFLED SPORTING CARBINE, CIRCA 1770 with octagonal swamped sighted barrel rifled with eight grooves, associated rounded lock, ashwood full stock carved with raised mouldings over the fore-end, about the lock and the side-plate, the butt with carved raised cheek-piece inset with a star in contrasting colours of horn on the left and with patchbox with sliding cover on the right, brass mounts including solid side-plate, butt-cap with faceted tang, trigger-guard with moulded finial and three faceted ramrod-pipes, iron sling swivel (the rear sling swivel missing) and associated ramrod 60 cm; 23⅝ in barrel ‡ £1000-1200

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350 A 22 BORE SILESIAN WHEEL-LOCK BIRDING RIFLE (TSCHINKE), THIRD QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY with octagonal sighted barrel rifled with eight narrow grooves and (later smooth bored at the muzzle), engraved with foliage at the breech and muzzle, scroll-engraved flat lock of characteristic form, fitted with external wheel retained by a bracket, flash-guard, engraved dog, engraved pan-cover with button release, and applied with engraved brass plaques over the wheel bracket, the main spring and the dog spring, fitted at the back with a button for setting the trigger, fruitwood full stock inlaid with engraved staghorn plaques decorated with foliage and geometric flowers, enriched with further staghorn pellets of differing size, angular butt decorated en suite and with more elaborate designs on each side, fitted with patchbox with sliding cover on the right (small losses, some inlay replaced), iron trigger-guard shaped for the fingers, engraved horn butt-cap, engraved staghorn ramrod-pipe, engraved staghorn fore-end cap, and slender ramrod with engraved staghorn tip 81.5 cm; 32⅛ in barrel ‡ £5000-7000 351 A .750 CALIBRE GERMAN MATCHLOCK MUSKET, THIRD QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY with tapering sighted barrel formed in two stages, struck with a series of marks over the breech including Suhl control marks (Neue Støckel 1655), fitted with raised block-shaped back-sight, rectangular pan with pivot-cover, and screw-in flash-guard, flat lock struck with two marks (Neue Støckel 1655 and 3836 or 3837 reversed), fitted with engraved shaped serpentine, full stock (extensive worm and repairs), fish tail shaped butt, iron mounts of characteristic type, comprising trigger-guard, butt-plate, ramrodpipe and fore-end cap, and associated iron-tipped ramrod 120 cm; 47¼ in barrel ‡ £3000-4000

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352 A 12 BORE D.B. BELGIAN FLINTOCK SPORTING GUN, LIÈGE, MID-19TH CENTURY with sighted barrels, engraved blued breech and tang each engraved with dentil around the border, flush-fitting locks engraved en suite and fitted with matching hammers, figured walnut half-stock, chequered grip, iron mounts, and brass-tipped wooden ramrod 76 cm; 30 in barrels ‡ £200-300 353 AN 18 BORE FRENCH FLINTLOCK SPORTING GUN, CIRCA 1770 with tapering sighted barrel, stepped bevelled lock, walnut full stock carved with a moulding over the fore-end (the last portion replaced), and a simple apron moulding about the tang, iron mounts including solid side-plate engraved with a scene from the chase, butt-plate, and trigger-guard with foliate terminal, two iron sling swivels, and associated wooden ramrod (worn throughout) 90 cm; 35½ in barrel ‡ £700-1000 354 A 15 BORE FRENCH FLINTLOCK FOWLING-PIECE BY CASSAIGNARD A NANTES, CIRCA 1780 with two-stage sighted barrel grooved over the breech, engraved tang, signed bevelled lock engraved with a trophy on the tail (cock replaced), figured walnut full stock swelling about the rear ramrod-pipe and carved with scrollwork about the tang (bruises, the last fifth of the fore-end replaced), engraved brass mounts including pierced flush-fitting side-plate, butt-plate with shaped tang, trigger-guard decorated with a trophy on the bow and with moulded finial, and five ramrod-pipes, and wooden ramrod with iron worm 145 cm; 57⅛ in barrel Cassaignard is recorded in Nantes circa 1774-1812 where he worked as ‘Maître Fourbisseur du Roy et maître arquebusier.’ ‡ £1500-2000

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355 AN ENGLISH FLINTLOCK BLUNDERBUSS BY I. HOSEY, CIRCA 1700 with brass barrel formed in three stages, faceted median engraved with lines, signed over the breech and formed with a raised band incorporating the back-sight, struck with the barrelsmith’s mark the letters ‘CG’ beneath a fleur-de-lys, London proof marks, and engraved with strawberry foliage, iron tang, signed rounded lock engraved with foliage (rubbed), figured walnut full stock (an early replacement, fore-end cracked, chips), brass mounts comprising trigger-guard engraved with a bird-of-prey on the bow and with baluster finial, butt-plate with pronounced heel, chased with scrolls issuant from a grotesque and a wavy serpent forming the tang, and a pair of moulded ramrod-pipes, and wooden ramrod with iron worm 41.5 cm; 16⅜ in barrel John Hosey was apprenticed to John Price 1678, free of the Gunmakers Company 1687 and was elected Master 1719, he died in 1727. ‡ £2500-3500 356 AN ENGLISH DOG-LOCK BLUNDERBUSS BY SHEPPARD, LONDON PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1750 with brass barrel formed in three stages with slender raised mouldings, struck with London proof marks at the breech, iron tang, signed flat lock retained by two side nails, fitted with flat cock and associated dog safety-catch, figured walnut full stock (fore-end cracked), butt formed with flat-topped comb, brass mounts comprising flush-fitting side-plate, trigger-guard with flat bulbous finial, butt-plate and ramrod-pipe, and associated brass-tipped ramrod with iron worm 40.3 cm; 15⅞ in barrel ‡ £1800-2200 357 AN ENGLISH FLINTLOCK BLUNDERBUSS BY JOHN (2) REA, LONDON, CIRCA 1800 with brass barrel formed with pronounced raised mouldings and belled at the muzzle, struck with London proof marks and the barrelsmith’s mark at the breech, iron tang, signed rounded lock with traces of ‘GR’ crowned and Ordnance mark (worn), full stock (fore-end replaced, extensively wormed), and brass mounts of regulation type (later ramrod) 40.6 cm; 16 in barrel John (2) Rea is recorded as gunmaker at 104 Minories, London circa 1793-7 and as contractor to Ordnance 1794-8. ‡ £1000-1200

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358 A 12 BORE ENGLISH FLINTLOCK SPORTING GUN, CIRCA 1730 with swamped sighted barrel struck with London view and proof marks and the barrelsmith’s mark of Richard 1 Wilson at the breech, grooved tang, plain bevelled lock, figured walnut full stock, carved with a long moulding over the fore-end, further mouldings about the rear ramrod-pipe and the lock, carved with foliage behind the tang (chips and repairs), brass mounts comprising pierced and chased scrollwork side-plate, trigger-guard with fluted bow, butt-plate with pronounced heel and tang of shaped outline, four ramrod-pipes and later escutcheon, and associated wooden ramrod 138 cm; 54⅜ in barrel Richard Wilson is recorded 1703-66. It appears that this was modified in its early life for military use. ‡ £2500-3500 359 A 14 BORE ENGLISH FLINTLOCK SPORTING GUN BY THOMAS KETLAND, CIRCA 1780 with tapering sighted barrel stamped with the barrelsmith’s mark ‘TK’ over the breech, engraved with foliage and ‘6’, engraved tang, border-engraved lock signed ‘Ketland’ (the barrel and lock pitted), full stock (the fore-end cracked through), carved with a raised moulding about the tang, brass mounts comprising pierced and chased openwork side-plate decorated with trophies-ofarms, trigger-guard engraved with a rococo flower on the bow and with acorn finial of early form, butt-plate engraved with a trophy on the tang, and vacant escutcheon, four moulded ramrod-pipes, and brass fore-end cap, and iron ramrod, perhaps the original 107 cm; 42⅛ in barrel Thomas Ketland is recorded as a gunmaker in Birmingham circa 1766-1816. Thomas and John Ketland were stopped from supplying muskets to America in 1797 by the British government. ‡ £1200-1800

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360 A RARE .800 CALIBRE BRITISH LONG LAND PATTERN FLINTLOCK MUSKET, DATED 1727 with tapering sighted barrel, moulded at the breech, tapering tang (repaired, screw replaced), regulation lock with ‘GR’ crowned and Ordnance mark beneath the pan and the date and ‘Tower’ on the tail (barrel and lock pitted), regulation walnut full stock carved with a pronounced moulding about the rear ramrod-pipe (fore-end repaired, cracked beneath the lock, small chips and bruising), regulation brass mounts including escutcheon marked ‘73’ (sling swivels missing), and associated ramrod 116.3 cm; 45¾ in barrel ‡ £3000-4000 361 A .750 CALIBRE BRITISH 1756 PATTERN LONG LAND PATTERN FLINTLOCK MUSKET with tapering sighted barrel struck with Ordnance marks and grooved at the breech, associated regulation lock dated 1762 and signed ‘Willetts’ on the tail, with ‘GR’ crowned and Ordnance mark beneath the pan, regulation walnut full stock (extensively chipped about the tang small repairs), impressed with initials on each side of the butt, regulation brass mounts, a pair of sling swivels, and iron ramrod 112.7 cm; 44⅜ in barrel ‡ £2000-3000 362 A .750 CALIBRE BRITISH 1757 PATTERN MARINE OR MILITIA FLINTLOCK MUSKET BY GRICE, DATED 1759 with tapering sighted barrel struck with Ordnance marks and the initials ‘FG’ at the breech, signed border-engraved dated lock with ‘GR’ crowned, regulation stock, regulation brass mounts including three ramrod-pipes and butt-cap engraved ‘ABD 1/9’, a pair of sling swivels, and associated ramrod 106.7 cm; 42 in barrel ‡ £2000-3000 151


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363 A .800 CALIBRE FLINTLOCK MUSKET OF REGULATION TYPE, CIRCA 1720-30, ENGLISH OR DUTCH with tapering sighted barrel formed in two-stages, moulded at the breech, grooved tang, rounded banana-shaped lock (one side nail replaced), figured walnut full stock (the fore-end with extensive repairs and partly replaced, chips and cracks), moulded about the lock, tang and sideplate, rounded butt formed with a pronounced comb strongly down-curved at the front, brass mounts comprising rounded scrolling side-plate, trigger-guard cut with a pair of flutes on the bow and with foliate terminal, butt-plate with tang of shaped outline, and four moulded baluster-shaped ramrod-pipes (two loose, later ramrod) 115.5 cm; 45½ in barrel A gun with a butt of related form is illustrated Blackmore 1961 p. 75, no. 2. ‡ £2000-2500 364 A .700 CALIBRE BRITISH LIGHT FLINTLOCK MUSKET BY GALTON, EARLY 19TH CENTURY with tapering sighted barrel struck with proof marks over the breech (obscured, tang cracked and repaired), signed rounded border-engraved lock engraved with a crown beneath the lock (cock associated), figured walnut full stock (cracks and repairs), and brass mounts of regulation type including trigger-guard with moulded bud-shaped finial, butt-plate numbered ‘13’ on the tang, vacant escutcheon and four ramrod-pipes (one replaced), one sling swivel (the other missing) and iron ramrod 94 cm; 37 in barrel Samuel Galton Junior is recorded in Birmingham 1796-1819 making complete arms including 1813 Indian arms. See Bailey 1999, p. 45. ‡ £1800-2200

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365 A .800 CALIBRE GERMAN REGULATION FLINTLOCK MUSKET, DATED 1749 adapted for English service, with sighted barrel moulded at the median and the breech, the latter stamped with a mark, bevelled lock struck with a mark ‘G.C.’ crowned, walnut full stock, butt with flattened comb, regulation brass mounts including four faceted ramrod-pipes, trigger-guard with moulded baluster finial (sling swivels missing), and butt-plate engraved ‘G.R. crowned and dated 1749 on the tang, and iron ramrod 116.5 cm; 45⅞ in barrel ‡ £2000-3000 366 A .750 CALIBRE CONTINENTAL FLINTLOCK MUSKET OF REGULATION TYPE, LATE 18TH CENTURY based on the Brown Bess, probably for American service, with sighted barrel, rounded lock, walnut full stock swelling about the rear ramrod-pipe (one small chip), impressed with initials on each side of the butt, brass mounts including rounded side-plate, four ramrod-pipes, escutcheon numbered ‘30’ butt-cap and trigger-guard, a pair of sling swivels, and associated iron ramrod (worn) 117 cm; 46 in barrel ‡ £2500-3500 367 A .800 CALIBRE CONTINENTAL FLINTLOCK MUSKET OF REGULATION TYPE, LATE 18TH CENTURY based on the Brown Bess, probably for American service, with sighted barrel, rounded lock, walnut full stock swelling about the rear ramrod-pipe, brass mounts including rounded side-plate, four ramrod-pipes, butt-cap and trigger-guard, and iron ramrod (worn) 117 cm; 46 in barrel ‡ £1500-2000

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368 A .750 CALIBRE CONTINENTAL REGULATION FLINTLOCK MUSKET, LATE 18TH CENTURY with sighted barrel formed with a bayonet lug beneath the muzzle and retained by three brass bands, inscribed ‘Generaliteit’ over the breech, rounded lock with traces of a mark beneath the pan, full stock moulded about the lock and the tang (the latter extensively chipped, cracks), brass mounts including thumb-plate incised ‘no. 283’ , side-plate, and butt-plate (sling swivels missing), and iron ramrod 110 cm; 43⅜ in barrel ‡ £1000-1200 369 A .750 CALIBRE SCANDINAVIAN FLINTLOCK JÄGER RIFLE, EARLY 19TH CENTURY with sighted barrel cut with five grooves, two-leaf block-mounted back-sight, struck with Kongsberg mark at the breech and numbered ‘9370’, rounded lock with dog catch and brass pan, full stock, plain brass mounts, the trigger-guard inscribed ‘OPL - R’, later iron sling swivels, and iron ramrod 73.2 cm; 28⅞ in barrel ‡ £350-450 370 A .750 CALIBRE FLINTLOCK TRADE MUSKET, CIRCA 1780 with tapering sighted barrel retained by a single iron band, inscribed ‘D.P.2’ over the breech, stepped bevelled border-engraved lock engraved with a fleur-de-lys beneath the pan, fitted with shaped bridle over the steel spring, figured walnut full stock (chips, worn), iron mounts comprising flush-fitting side-plate, trigger-guard with finial of shaped outline, butt-plate with tang en suite with the trigger-guard, and three ramrod-pipes, and later wooden ramrod 117 cm; 46 in barrel ‡ £400-600 154


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European and American Firearms VARIOUS OWNERS 371 A .750 CALIBRE VICTORIAN PERCUSSION CARBINE FOR SERGEANTS OF LINE, BY PARKER, FIELD & SONS, CIRCA 1850 with sighted barrel (painted black), signed bevelled lock, walnut full stock, brass mounts of regulation type, a pair of steel sling swivels (painted black) and steel ramrod 84.7 cm; 33⅜ in barrel £400-600 372 A .577 CALIBRE VICTORIAN 1853 PATTERN PERCUSSION RIFLED MUSKET, DATED 1857 of regulation specifications, the barrel retained by two bands and a further thicker band at the muzzle, dated lock engraved with ‘VR’ crowned and ‘Tower’, full stock stamped with Pimlico arsenal mark on the right of the butt, brass mounts, steel sling swivels and ramord 99.4 cm; 39⅛ barrel £350-450 373 A .600 CALIBRE VICTORIAN PERCUSSION THREE BAND ENFIELD MUSKET, CIRCA 1870 of regulation type, with sighted barrel struck with Jaipur Arsenal marks at the breech, border-engraved lock with a crown on the tail, full stock and brass mounts (worn, sling swivels missing) 97.5 cm; 38⅜ in barrel £100-150

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374 A .750 CALIBRE ENGLISH FLINTLOCK VOLUNTEER MUSKET BY H. W. MORTIMER & CO, LONDON, CIRCA 1810 with tapering sighted barrel inscribed ‘London’ over the breech, signed flush-fitting lock fitted with rainproof pan, ‘French’ cock (retaining screw missing), steel spring with roller and screw-in tension adjuster, figured walnut full stock, chequred grip and foreend, brass mounts of regulation type, comprising side-plate, trigger-guard, butt-cap, escutcheon inscribed ‘H. Tripp’, three ramrod-pipes, and fore-end cap (sling swivels missing), and steel ramrod 99.5 cm; 39¼ in barrel For a similar lock see Munson 1992, p. 270, pl. 443. £2000-2500 375 A .750 CALIBRE BRITISH INDIA PATTERN FLINTLOCK MUSKET, LATE 18TH CENTURY with sighted barrel, rounded lock signed ‘Knubley’ and with ‘GR’ crowned (the barrel and lock pitted), regulation walnut full stock, brass mounts (sling swivels missing) and iron ramrod 99.3 cm; 39⅛ in barrel £1000-1200 376 A .750 CALIBRE BRITISH FLINTLOCK MILITIA MUSKET, EARLY 19TH CENTURY with tapering sighted barrel, border-engraved lock with ‘GR’ crowned and ‘Tower’, walnut stock, brass mounts of regulation type including rounded side-plate, butt-cap and three ramrod-pipes and iron ramrod (sling swivels missing, the iron parts pitted) 99.5 cm; 39¼ in barrel £600-800

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377 A .550 CALIBRE BRITISH 1756/77 PATTERN FLINTLOCK SEA SERVICE PISTOL with tapering barrel struck with Ordnance marks and moulded at the breech, border-engraved lock with ‘GR’ crowned and ‘Tower (cock replaced), regulation full stock, brass mounts, associated belt hook and later ramrod 30.7 cm; 12⅛ in barrel £1200-1500 378 A .750 CALIBRE ENGLISH FLINTLOCK OFFICER’S PISTOL, EARLY 19TH CENTURY with tapering barrel struck with Tower proof marks, stepped lock signed ‘Jas. Price’ on the tail and with ‘GR’ crowned beneath the pan, reblued steel spring with roller, full stock (cracked and repaired), regulation brass mounts and later wooden ramrod 23 cm; 9⅛ in barrel £1000-1200 379 A .550 CALIBRE BRITISH 1756/77 PATTERN FLINTLOCK SEA SERVICE PISTOL with tapering barrel struck with Ordnance marks and moulded at the breech, border-engraved lock with ‘GR’ crowned, broad arrow, and ‘Tower’, regulation full stock, brass mounts, belt hook and brass-tipped ramrod 30.5 cm; 12 in barrel £1200-1800

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380 A .650 CALIBRE FLINTLOCK LIGHT DRAGOON PISTOL, EARLY 19TH CENTURY of regulation type (the iron parts extensively pitted, top-jaw, screw and ramrod missing, stock chipped), the barrel with traces of Ordnance proof marks, the lock with traces of GR crowned, and the trigger-guard inscribed ‘1’ 23 cm; 9⅛ in barrel £250-300 381 A 140 BORE PIN-FIRE REVOLVER AND TWO CONTINENTAL PERCUSSION POCKET PISTOLS, SECOND HALF OF THE 19TH CENTURY the first with engraved barrel, cylinder and frame, the cylinder with traces of an inscription including the date 1878, and carved grip; the second with engraved box-lock action and the third with traces of blued finish 7.5 cm; 3 in barrel (3) £200-300 382 A .36 CALIBRE U.S. COLT MODEL 1851 NAVY REVOLVER, NO. 1787 FOR 1850 of standard production specifications, octagonal barrel, cylinder with traces of engraving, brass trigger-guard and back-strap and walnut grips (refinished throughout, worn) 19 cm; 7½ in barrel £400-600

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383 A FRENCH PERCUSSION BLUNDERBUSS SIGNED POFILLE A MARSEILLE, CIRCA 1800 in the English taste, converted from flintlock, with brass barrel formed in three stages, with raised mouldings, the median chiselled with delicate beading, inscribed ‘London’ over the breech and decorated with scrolls, iron tang, signed rounded lock, full stock (the fore-end cracked), carved with a raised moulding about the barrel median and behind the trigger-guard, brass mounts including trigger-guard with stylised acorn finial, butt-plate, pierced flush-fitting side-plate, and escutcheon engraved with the letter ‘M’, and steel ramrod 40.5 cm; 16 in barrel £600-800 384 A COMPOSITE .700 CALIBRE GERMAN FLINTLOCK SPORTING RIFLE, THE LOCK SIGNED ENGELKIN, CIRCA 1800 with octagonal swamped sighted barrel rifled with eight grooves, rounded lock signed beneath the steel spring, double set trigger, full stock (repairs), chequered grip, brass mounts including pierced and chased scrollwork side-plate inscribed ‘J.F.H.’, butt-plate decorated with a running boar on the tang, and later ramrod 74.5 cm; 29⅜ in barrel £400-600 385 AN 18 BORE GERMAN WHEEL-LOCK RIFLED SPORTING CARBINE, THE BARREL DATED 1668, WITH LATER DECORATION with octagonal swamped sighted barrel signed ‘Christian Reich in Osterweick 1668’, the tang incised with the number ‘112’, flat lock engraved with a hunting scene, fitted with external wheel retained by a pierced bracket, sliding pan-cover with button release, and double set trigger, full stock inlaid in staghorn with hounds, a boarhead, tendrils and pellets, the butt inset with an engraved staghorn plaque decorated with a boar set upon by hounds on the left and with patchbox with sliding cover on the right, iron trigger-guard shaped for the fingers, a pair of moulded iron ramrod-pipes, and horn tipped wooden ramrod 55.5 cm; 21⅞ in barrel Christian Reich is recorded in Osterwick, Westphalia, circa 1661-80. ‡ £1200-1800 159


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386 AN IRISH FLINTLOCK BLUNDERBUSS BY RIGBY & SON, DUBLIN, CIRCA 1810 with brass barrel formed in three stages, moulded at the muzzle and signed ‘Rigby & Son Dublin’ over the octagonal breech, fitted with two moulded ramrod-pipes on the left (the forward pipe chipped) and spring bayonet beneath, iron tang, signed stepped lock fitted with engraved pierced cock and steel spring with roller, walnut half-stock (fore-end replaced), and brass mounts comprising trigger-guard, and butt-plate (the bayonet bent, metal parts cleaned, stock cracked, chipped and repaired, ramrod missing) 37.2 cm; barrel; 14⅝ in barrel John Rigby and Son worked at 19 Suffolk Street, Dublin, circa 1803-18. See Back 1992, p. 19-25. ‡ £1200-1800 387 A PERCUSSION BLUNDERBUSS BY CONWAY, MANCHESTER, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1840 with iron barrel swelling towards the muzzle, fitted with top-mounted spring bayonet retained by a catch at the breech, the latter engraved with a band of simple ornament, signed scroll-engraved back-action lock, figured walnut full stock, chequered grip, engraved iron mounts comprising trigger-guard with pineapple finial, butt-plate and a pair of ramrod-pipes, vacant white metal escutcheon, and brass-tipped wooden ramrod 41 cm; 16⅛ in barrel Thomas Conway is recorded at various addresses in Manchester circa 1803-52, after which the business was continued by his executors 1854-83. £700-900

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388 A 20 BORE PERCUSSION SPORTING RIFLE BY JOHN MANTON, NO.4810, CIRCA 1807 converted from flintlock, with octagonal twist sighted barrel rifled with ten grooves, the breech stamped ‘Manton London’ in a gold-lined recess, engraved with a band, inlaid with a gold line, and fitted with percussion drum, engraved tang decorated with a trophy-of-game, signed engraved lock fitted with scroll-engraved hammer and bolt safety, figured walnut half-stock (extensively cracked), chequered grip, the butt flattened on the underside and with raised cheek-piece on the left, engraved case-hardened steel mounts including numbered trigger-guard and butt-plate, vacant silver escutcheon, and brass-tipped wooden ramrod 81.8 cm; 32¼ in barrel See Scott Edeson 2000, p. 131. £700-900 389 AN 11 BORE PERCUSSION WILDFOWLING GUN BY BARBER & BOALER, NEWARK, CIRCA 1804-16 converted from flintlock, with sighted barrel formed in three stages, fitted with percussion drum at the breech, grooved tang, stepped bevelled lock signed ‘Barber’, scroll-engraved hammer, figured walnut half-stock (fore-end cracked), the grip cut with pineapple chequering, steel mounts comprising trigger-guard with acorn finial, butt-plate and four ramrod-pipes, and horn fore-end cap (ramrod missing, worn) 137 cm; 54 in barrel Isaac Barber and Joseph Boaler are recorded in Newark, Nottinghamshire, circa 1804-16. £300-500

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390 A 16 BORE SPANISH FLINTLOCK SPORTING GUN, CIRCA 1720, WITH FRENCH LOCK AND FINELY CHISELLED MOUNTS BY LE HOLLANDOIS with blued barrel formed in two-stages retained by two slender barrel bands pierced and engraved with scrolls of foliage around the base, fitted with gold ‘spider’ fore-sight on a bed of gilt fleur-de-lys, chiselled with foliage at the median, stamped with the gold-lined barrelsmith’s marks of Nicolàs Bis (Neue Støckel 59 and 65, rubbed) at the breech, and with moulded back-sight chiselled with foliage and seated on a slender band around the barrel, gold-lined vent, engraved blued tang, bevelled lock chiselled with a trophy-of-game involving a boar’s head on the tail, signed ‘Le Hollandois a Paris’ and engraved with a hunter beneath the pan (rubbed), fitted with chiselled cock and steel each decorated with espagnolette masks, the pan chiselled with a demon mask, set trigger with an additional lever behind, full stock cut with pairs of flutes over the fore-end (the butt with an early repair), steel mounts chiselled in low relief (rubbed), comprising side-plate formed of a central warrior profile carried by scrolling leafy tendrils including a serpent head on the left, trigger-guard with foliate terminals and a grotesque, butt-plate engraved with trophies-of-arms and with wavy tang chiselled as a serpent, faceted rear ramrod-pipe decorated with a green man mask, a pair of sling swivels, and early horn—tipped wooden ramrod 107 cm; 42⅛ in barrel The present gunmaker is probably the son of Adriaen Reynier, who also signed himself ‘Le Hollandois’. The younger became Arquebusier Ordinaire du Roi in 1723 and was granted lodgings in the Louvre the following year. The style of the mounts are French and show the influence of the renowned pattern books of Le Hollandois and others of this period. £3000-5000

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391 A PAIR OF 40 BORE FLINTLOCK TRAVELLING PISTOLS BY HARVEY WALKLATE MORTIMER, GUNMAKER TO HIS MAJESTY, CIRCA 1799-1806 with turn-off barrels, rounded breeches finely engraved with foliage and a trophy-of-arms, signed on a continuous scroll ‘H. W. Mortimer, London Gunmaker to his Majesty’, engraved tangs decorated with a radiating pattern of sunbursts, side-action rounded locks fitted with border-engraved cocks and steels, bolt safety-catches and filed blued steel springs with rollers, folding triggers, and swelling walnut butts cut with a fine pattern of chequering and incised with an expanded flowerhead on the base 3.8 cm; 1½ in barrels (2) Harvey Walklate Mortimer was appointed gunmaker to George III in 1783 and made gold-mounted firearms set with diamonds for the United States Government as presents for the Bey of Tunis circa 1801-2. For other pistols of this type see Munson 1992, pp. 214-5. £1000-1200 392 A PAIR OF 54 BORE FLINTLOCK POCKET PISTOLS BY PROSSER, LONDON, CIRCA 1800 with turn-off barrels engraved at the muzzles, engraved case-hardened breeches decorated with sunbursts beneath the pans, signed engraved case-hardened box-lock actions decorated with ovals carried by trophies-of-arms, fitted with engraved blued and casehardened sliding safety-catches also locking the steels, blued folding triggers, flat-sided figured walnut butts with bevelled edges, vacant silver shield-shaped escutcheons, and retaining some early finish throughout; together with a contemporary barrel wrench 4.5 cm; 1¾ in barrels (3) John Prosser is recorded as gunmaker at Charing Cross from 1796. £700-900

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393 A PAIR OF 40 BORE ENGLISH FLINTLOCK POCKET PISTOLS BY BARBER & BOALER, NEWARK, PRIVATE PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1804-16 with turn-off rifled barrels engraved around the muzzles, rounded breeches engraved with sunbursts, box-lock actions signed on ovals on the left and inscribed ‘Newark’ on the right, each carried by a trophy-of-arms, engraved sliding thumb-piece safetycatches also locking the steels, folding triggers, flat-sided walnut butts, and vacant silver shield-shaped escutcheons 4 cm; 1½in barrels (2) Isaac Barber and Joseph Boaler are recorded in Newark, Nottinghamshire, circa 1804-16. £700-900

394 A PAIR OF 50 BORE ENGLISH SILVER-MOUNTED FLINTLOCK POCKET PISTOLS SIGNED PERRY, LONDON, BIRMINGHAM PRIVATE PROOF MARKS, BIRMINGHAM SILVER MARKS FOR 1781 with turn-off cannon barrels, rounded breeches, box-lock actions chiselled with trophies-of-arms carrying ovals signed on the left and inscribed ‘London’ on the right, chiselled tangs decorated with flowers, walnut butts finely inlaid with silver wire tendrils, pellets and flowerheads fitted with grotesque mask butt-caps decorated with rococo shells, and sliding iron trigger-guards chiselled with flowers en suite with the tangs 6.2 cm; 2½ in barrels (2) £1000-1200

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395 A PAIR OF 40 BORE FLINTLOCK POCKET PISTOLS, SIGNED H. NOCK, LONDON, PRIVATE PROOF MARKS, EARLY 19TH CENTURY with turn-off barrels finely engraved with a band of foliage around the muzzles, rounded breeches signed in capitals on the left of the pan and stamped ‘London’ on the right, rounded actions finely engraved with trophies-of-arms and trophies of-music left and right respectively, fitted with engraved sliding safety-catches also locking the steels, a pair of rollers on each steel spring, and folding triggers framed by a band of conventional foliage, and finely chequered swelling walnut butts, 4 cm; 1½ in barrels (2) £700-900 396 A RARE PAIR OF 40 BORE COMBINED FLINTLOCK AND PERCUSSION POCKET PISTOLS BY GEORGE WALLIS JUNIOR OF HULL, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1830 with turn-off barrels engraved with a band of acanthus foliage around the muzzles, box-lock actions engraved with panels of foliage carrying signed ovals on the left and inscribed ‘Hull’ on the right, fitted with ring-neck cocks, the lower jaws formed as a hammer face, and fitted with percussion nipples behind the pans, engraved sliding thumb-piece safety-catches, folding triggers, flat-sided walnut butts, and vacant silver escutcheons 4.2 cm; 1⅝ in barrels (2) George Wallis Junior (1707-1833) was the son of the famous gunsmith and antiquary of the same name. Following his father’s death in 1803 he continued the business with his brother John, selling fowling-pieces, rifle guns for park-keepers, air guns and harpoon guns. See Credland 1978, pp. 133- 181. £600-800

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397 A PAIR OF 54 BORE FLINTLOCK POCKET PISTOLS BY PETER (1) GANDON, LONDON, CIRCA 1740 with turn-off cannon barrels moulded at the muzzles, stamped ‘1’ and ‘2’ respectively, rounded breeches numbered en suite and stamped with the barrelsmith’s mark (one rubbed), box-lock actions signed on rococo scrolls on the left and inscribed ‘London’ on a matching scroll on the right, engraved tangs, flat-sided figured walnut butts, and sliding trigger-guard safety-catches (patinated) each engraved with a rococo flower 4.2 cm; 1⅝ in barrels (2) Peter Gandon was granted naturalisation 1710, made free of the Gunmakers’ Company by redemption 1720 and is recorded contractor to the Ordnance 1743. His son, of the same name, was born 1713 and was made free of the Gunmakers’ Company 1736. £600-900 398 A PAIR OF 54 BORE FLINTLOCK POCKET PISTOLS SIGNED RICHARDS, LONDON, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS CIRCA 1830 with octagonal turn-off barrels, border-engraved octagonal breeches struck with Birmingham view marks, box-lock actions signed on ovals on the left and inscribed ‘London’ on a further oval on the right, each carried by a trophy-of-arms, fitted with sliding thumb-piece safety-catches also locking the steels, rollers, and folding triggers, finely chequered walnut butts, and vacant silver escutcheons 5.7 cm; 2¼ in barrels (2) £600-800

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399 A PAIR OF 50 BORE FLINTLOCK POCKET PISTOLS BY MEREDITH AND MOXHAM, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1820-23 with brass turn-off barrels engraved with a band of foliage around the muzzles, rounded breeches signed on the left, brass boxlock actions engraved with differing trophies-of-arms on each side, fitted with sliding safety-catches also locking the steels, flat-sided walnut butts, and vacant brass escutcheons 4 cm; 1½ in barrels (2) Meredith and Moxham are recorded at 30 Moland Street, Birmingham, circa 1820-23. £500-700 400 A PAIR OF 50 BORE FLINTLOCK POCKET PISTOLS SIGNED BLAIR, LONDON, PRIVATE PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1790 with turn-off barrels fitted with spring bayonets beneath (one spring incomplete), box-lock actions engraved with rococo swags on each side, signed on the left and inscribed ‘London’ on the right, sliding thumb-piece safety-catches (top-jaws and screws replaced), flat-sided walnut butts, and engraved sliding trigger-guards locking the bayonets 6.5 cm; 2½ in barrels (2) £500-700

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401 A 40 BORE ENGLISH FLINTLOCK TAP-ACTION OVER-AND-UNDER POCKET PISTOL BY H.W. MORTIMER, GUNMAKER TO HIS MAJESTY, LONDON, CIRCA 1785 with turn-off barrels, the breeches each struck with the barrelsmith’s mark and London view and proof marks, box-lock action finely engraved with sprays of foliage and trophies, signed on an elaborate scroll on the left and inscribed ‘Gunmaker to his Majesty’ on a scroll on the right, fitted with bolt safety-catch also locking the steel, later tap lever on the left and folding trigger, and flat-sided figured walnut butt 3.8 cm; 1½ in barrel For a similar pistol see Munson 1992, p. 250, pl. 409. £1200-1500 402 A PAIR OF 54 BORE FLINTLOCK POCKET PISTOLS SIGNED ARCHER, LONDON, PRIVATE PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1760 with turn-off cannon barrels engraved with a simple band of beadwork at the breeches, one numbered ‘1’ on the left of the breech, box-lock actions signed on the left and inscribed ‘London’ on the right, each with engraved borders en suite with the breeches, engraved tangs, flat-sided walnut butts, and engraved steel sliding trigger-guard safety catches 6.3 cm; 2½ in barrels (2) £500-700

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403 A PAIR OF 18 BORE FLINTLOCK PISTOLS BY THOMAS (1) GREGORY, CIRCA 1720 with swamped barrels inscribed ‘London’ within a linear frame over the breeches, struck with the barrelsmith’s, London view and proof marks, engraved grooved tangs, signed border-engraved rounded locks decorated with scrolls, the cocks engraved en suite (the steel parts with areas of pitting), figured walnut full stocks (small cracks and repairs), carved with a scalloped moulding about the tangs, brass mounts comprising pierced side-plates decorated with scrolling foliage, trigger-guards with asymmetrical foliate terminals and with a flowerhead on the bows, spurred pommels engraved with trophies-of-arms and with grotesque mask caps, a pair of moulded baluster ramrod-pipes, vacant escutcheons and later ramrods 18 cm; 7⅛ in barrels (2) Thomas Gregory, son of Nathan, was made free of the Gunmakers Company by Patrimony in 1706. He became Master in 1729 and is recorded Gunmaker to the East India Company circa 1717-32. ‡ £800-1200

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404 A 32 BORE FLINTLOCK TRAVELLING PISTOL BY ISRAEL SEGALAS (SENIOR), CIRCA 1730 with turn-off cannon barrel, rounded breech struck with the barrelsmith’s mark on the left and formed with a steep ramp, separate tang with foliate finial, border-engraved rounded action signed beneath the steel spring, fitted with dog safety-catch, swelling walnut butt carved with a raised moulding about the tang (an early replacement, chipped behind the action), and moulded triggerguard with foliate terminal en suite with the tang 6.5 cm; 2½ in barrel Israel 1 Segallas (or Segalas, Sigalles, Siglass or Galisse) was a Huguenot gunmaker from Navaret, Béarn France. A member of the French Masonic Lodge in 1725 he is thought to have died in 1737. See Neal 1984, pp. 444-6 and Hayward 1963, p. 262. £500-700 405 A 25 BORE ENGLISH FLINTLOCK OVERCOAT PISTOL BY H. W. MORTIMER, LONDON, CIRCA 1785 with rebrowned octagonal sighted barrel inscribed ‘London’, engraved breech decorated with a band of beadwork, engraved tang decorated with scrolls and foliage, signed stepped bevelled lock fitted with bolt safety and engraved cock (areas of pitting), figured walnut full stock (small chips), the butt carved with characteristic pineapple chequering, and iron mounts comprising trigger-guard with pineapple finial and ramrod-pipe (the lock and mounts with areas of pitting, later ramrod) 10.1 cm; 4 in barrel For a similar pistol see Munson 1992, p. 50, pl. 82. £700-900 406 A 20 BORE ENGLISH FLINTLOCK TRAVELLING PISTOL BY W. MILLS, LONDON, CIRCA 1820 with signed browned twist sighted barrel inlaid with two gold lines at the breech, platinum vent, signed stepped lock fitted with bolt safety-catch, pierced throat hole cock with an additional lip acting on the pan-fence, semi rainproof pan and roller, figured walnut full stock, engraved iron mounts comprising trigger-guard with pineapple finial and ramrod-pipe, vacant silver escutcheon, and horn-tipped wooden ramrod 13 cm; 5⅛ in barrel Probably by William 3 Mills, recorded circa 1797-1843. £500-800 170


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407 A 25 BORE ENGLISH FLINTLOCK DUELLING PISTOL BY BECKWITH, SNOWHILL, LONDON, CIRCA 1810 with browned twist octagonal swamped sighted barrel, signed within a gold-lined oval recess at the breech, inscribed ‘Snowhill’ and ‘London’ on the respective sides, gold-lined vent, finely engraved tang, signed border-engraved bolted lock fitted with semirainproof gold-lined pan, detents, roller and engraved cock, (refinished, restorations), set trigger, figured walnut half-stock, flat-sided walnut butt carved with fine chequering on the top and beneath, engraved steel mounts comprising spurred triggerguard engraved with a trophy on the bow and with pineapple finial, silver escutcheon engraved with the owner’s initials, silver barrel bolt escutcheons, silver fore-end cap, and horn-tipped ramrod with iron worm 25.3 cm; 10 in barrel William Andrew Beckwith apprenticed to Wattell Clark in 1785, was free of the Gunmakers Company 1801 and is recorded at Snowhill circa 1802 until his death in 1841. £1800-2500 408 A 22 BORE ENGLISH FLINTLOCK DUELLING PISTOL BY H. W. MORTIMER, LONDON, GUNMAKER TO HIS MAJESTY, CIRCA 1785 with signed rebrowned octagonal swamped sighted barrel, platinum lined vent, engraved tang incorporating the back-sight, signed stepped lock fitted with bevelled cock, bolt safety-catch and roller, set trigger, figured walnut full stock (repairs), chequered butt, and iron mounts comprising spurred trigger-guard and two ramrod-pipes (restorations, later ramrod) 25.8 cm; 10⅛ in barrel £1500-1800

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409 A 100 BORE D.B. PERCUSSION POCKET PISTOL BY FRAY, LEICESTER, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1840 with turn-off barrels, block-shaped breeches numbered ‘3’ and ‘4’, signed on the left and inscribed ‘Leicester’ on the right, box-lock action engraved with a cornucopia on each side (worn), fitted with thumb-piece safety-catches and folding triggers, finely chequered walnut butt, silver butt-cap engraved with a flowerhead and vacant silver escutcheon 4 cm; 1½ in barrels Dennis Fray and John Fray are recorded at Belgrave Gate, Leicester in 1834 and 1821-8 respectively. £250-350 410 AN 18 BORE PERCUSSION TRAVELLING PISTOL SIGNED H. SMITH, CIRCA 1840 with signed rebrowned sighted barrel fitted with stirrup ramrod beneath, engraved case-hardened breech inlaid with a platinum line, scroll-engraved tang, signed scroll-engraved lock, figured walnut butt cut with a fine pattern of chequering, engraved casehardened side-plate, engraved blued trigger-guard, steel butt-cap (extensively refinished throughout): in later lined and fitted case with brass flask and oil bottle 13 cm; 5⅛ in barrel £400-600 411 A 20 BORE ENGLISH FLINTLOCK DUELLING PISTOL BY TWIGG, CIRCA 1760-70 with rebrowned sighted barrel moulded at the breech, engraved tang, stepped border-engraved lock with first form of signature, figured walnut full stock carved with a scallop about the tang, full brass mounts comprising pierced scrolling foliate side-plate, spurred pommel fitted with grotesque mask cap, trigger-guard with acorn finial of early form, a pair of ramrod-pipes, and vacant rococo escutcheon (worn, later ramrod) 24.7 cm; 9¾ in barrel £1000-1200 412 A 10 BORE FLINTLOCK BELT PISTOL, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1820 with tapering octagonal barrel, stepped lock fitted with roller, figured walnut full stock with rounded butt, steel mounts including flush-fitting side-plate and belt hook (ramrod and ramrod pipe missing, the lock and mounts pitted) 11.7cm; 4⅝ barrel £250-350 172


PROPERTY FROM THE DESCENDANT FAMILY OF DON JOSÉ DE LA SERNA, CONDE DE LOS ANDRES, VICEROY OF PERU (1770-1832)

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413 A FINE AND RARE CASED PAIR OF 28 BORE FRENCH SILVER-MOUNTED FLINTLOCK PISTOLS OF PRESENTATION QUALITY BY BOUTET, DIRECTEUR ARTISTE, MANUFACTURE A VERSAILLES, CIRCA 1802 with lightly swamped octagonal sighted multi-groove rifled barrels decorated along their length with a finely matted pattern sown with minute stars, signed within a lozenge shaped framework of gilt pellets, decorated in gold with bands filled with contrasting matted and plain triangular panels at the muzzle, the flats bordered by gilt ropework, and a shaped panel filled with a garland surmounted by scrolls and foliage over the breech (the barrels previously blued and now oxidised brown), fitted with standing back-sight and struck with three gold-lined marks over the breech, in three shaped recesses the letters ‘NB’, ‘LC’ and ‘BC’ (the first two Neue Støckel 95 and 3741 respectively), stamped with the letters ‘DB’ between a pair of fronds beneath, platinum-lined vents over gold (an early working modification), engraved burnished steel tangs decorated with swags, fronds and foliage, signed locks with fluted borders, formed with stepped tails bordered by a beadwork frame, fitted with detents, matching cocks, set triggers (one mainspring an early replacement, one cock shank loose, one trigger setting screw missing), figured walnut full stocks (very small bruises and chips), inlaid with engraved silver wire, pellets and panels decorated with neoclassical foliage within a linear framework over the fore-ends, a shell pattern about the rear ramrod-pipes, characteristic butts inlaid on each face with an Imperial eagle dividing a pair monstrous hounds based on Orthrus, breathing fire from one mouth and clenching a garland of flowers in the other all within a matching linear frame, the spines inset with a long shaped silver panel decorated with foliage (inlay with small areas of lifting and very small losses), full silver mounts cast and chased in low relief, comprising trigger-guards with finials formed as a neo-classical trophy-of-arms and with the Nemean lion’s pelt about a club on the bows, butts inset with a crowned classical helm bordered by foliage within a framework of rounded nails, rear ramrod-pipe formed of a chequered shield and a garland of flowers all impaled by a neo-classical sword, three further moulded ramrod-pipes decorated with delicate beadwork on the high points, engraved silver side nail washers decorated with flowers enclosed within a linear frame of silver wire, engraved burnished steel trigger-plates, knurled steel barrel bolts, and original ramrods (now seized): in an early brass-bound rosewood veneered fitted case lined in green baize (the case a very early association, the lining faded, areas of wear), the lid with vacant shield-shaped escutcheon, fitted with a pair of flush-fitting carrying handles on each side, complete with a number of contemporary accessories including brass-mounted horn flask, steel mainspring clamp and bullet mould, turnscrew, and cleaning rods, and the pistols and case in untouched condition throughout 26.8 cm; 10½ in barrels

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413 Provenance Don Jose de la Serna, Conde de los Andres, Viceroy of Peru by descent to Eugenia de la Rocha y Fontecilla, Marquesa de Angulo great grandmother of the present owner Don José de La Serna, Conde de los Andres, played a prominent role in the War of Spanish Independence where his performance against the French earned him a promotion to lieutenant general. In 1815 he was sent to the American colonies as commanding general of the army of Upper Peru where he was appointed Viceroy of Peru in 1821, a post he held until 1824. The correspondence files of the Ministry for Foreign Relations includes an entry for a pair of embellished Versailles pistols from the First Consul in 1802 to Mariano Luis d’Urquijo, Spanish first minister for Foreign Affairs at the beginning of the 19th century. The d’Urquijo pair remain unknown and it has been suggested that they might be the present pair, having been later presented by the Spanish First Minister to the Viceroy of Peru. This theory is strengthened by the following entry for a number of pieces for the Ministry in the Annuaire of the Versailles Manufactory for AN X, or 1802: Ministre du Relations Extérieur Pistolets gros calibre a secret, arg. gravé riche, fr. 2.400 Nécess. acajou, pistol. arg. gravé, chaînette, roulet. damasq., fr. 1.200 Nécess. acajou, pistolets de combat, argent, cis. 1er modèle, riche, placage arg. damasq., bassinets or, fr. 3.000 Service: 2 fusils doubles forestiers A related pair of pistols, with similarly decorated barrels, trigger-guards and ramrod-pipes, are preserved in the Wallace Collection, nos. A1219 and A1220. The number of ramrod-pipes on both pairs of pistols is unusual for Boutet. The use of platinum is probably a very early modification, perhaps added at the same time as the pistols were fitted into the present case. The anti-corrosion properties of platinum were well known by 1800 and it was used to line shotgun barrels by Jean LePage circa 1819. Nicolas-Noël Boutet (1761-1833) the distinguished maker of armes de luxe inherited the position of gunmaker to Louis XIV from his father-in-law, Pierre de Sainte (active 1747-88). In 1792 he became technical Director at the new Versailles Manufactory and in 1800 rose to Directeur Artiste with overall control. He held this position until the closure of the manufactory in 1818. Boutet died fifteen years later in poverty, his career having survived six French Political regimes. £40000-70000 175


414 detail THE PROPERTY OF A GENTLEMAN 414 A FINE PAIR OF 20 BORE LIEGOIS FLINTLOCK LONG HOLSTER PISTOLS, CIRCA 1700, PROBABLY BY PHILIPPE DESELLIER with swamped barrels formed in two stages, fitted with moulded brass fore-sights on a chiselled and gilt ground of scrolling foliage, chiselled and gilt medians, octagonal breeches chiselled with a classical warrior above a crowned heart impaled by a sword, a pair of supporting leopards, a further trophy-of-arms, all within a framework of scrolling foliage against a punched and gilt ground, grooved breech tangs chiselled and gilt with a bouquet, stepped locks chiselled and gilt with reclining classical warriors and monsterhead scrolls, fitted with chiselled and gilt cocks decorated with trophies-of-arms centring on a celestial mask and chiselled steels, the insides of the lock plates stamped ‘PLD’ within a rectangular panel, figured walnut full stocks (very small chips and light bruising), carved in low relief with foliage and raised mouldings including delicate scrolling tendrils with monsterhead terminals about the rear ramrod-pipes, a pendant at each end of the locks and the sideplates, and scallop shells and scrolls about the tangs, gilt-brass mounts cast and chased in the Parisian style, comprising side-plates pierced and chased with foliage carrying bound prisoners and trophies-of-war, spurred pommels with grotesque mask caps and decorated on the sides with scrolls of foliage and the Cardinal Virtues comprising Justice and Fortitude on one pistol and Prudence and Temperance on the other, trigger-guards decorated with differing classical figures seated upon trophies-of-arms and with foliate terminals, crowned escutcheons with portrait profiles carried by a pair of bound prisoners, a pair of faceted ramrod-pipes, the rear pipe decorated with a grotesque, and in untouched condition with much original gilding throughout (later ramrods, the steel parts with light surface rust) 32 cm; 12⅝ in barrels (2) A pair of pistols, formerly in the Visser collection (cat. no. 357), are signed Gilles Deselier and have silver mounts executed in a very similar manner. Another pair of pistols from the same collection are struck with a related mark and signed Philippe Deselier (cat. No. 376). The Desellier brothers, Philippe and Gilles, are recorded in Liège circa 1676-1740 and 1680-1710 respectively. See Visser 1996, p. 304 and p. 356. The quality of steel chiselling and stock carving on the present pistols is notably fine. £10000-15000

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THE PROPERTY OF A COLLECTOR 415 A FINE AND RARE 25 BORE SOUTH GERMAN (THURINGIA) WHEEL-LOCK PISTOL, SUHL, CIRCA 1580-90 with swamped barrel chiselled over its surface with a vertical arrangement of allegorical figures within an architectural framework surrounded by scrolling foliage inhabited by exotic birds, curved tang chiselled with scale pattern, flat lock chiselled with tightly scrolling foliage and flowers inhabited by exotic birds and a hare, stamped with the maker’s mark, the letters HB above an animal in a shaped shield (Neue Støckel 2766), fitted with external wheel with cover chiselled en suite with the lockplate, engraved faceted dog and dog-spring, sliding pan-cover engraved with a grotesque (button-release missing), safety-catch, the sear partly exposed and covered by a low bracket, full stock profusely inlaid with engraved staghorn, including a central pattern of tightly scrolling tendrils and ball flowers inhabited by exotic birds, squirrels, and owls, the fore-end with scrolling demi-mask profiles, all set within an engraved horn strapwork frame enriched with acanthus foliage, near spherical pommel inlaid en suite, iron trigger-guard chiselled with a grotesque mask on the bow, staghorn fore-end cap engraved with a pair of grotesques (the metal parts lightly rubbed, the inlay with minor restorations and repairs, ramrod missing) 30.5 cm; 12 in barrel Provenance S. Sutton Esq., Charlbury, Oxfordshire, 24 June 1965 A pair of pistols with barrels and locks chiselled in the same distinctive manner and stocks inlaid in a similar fashion were formerly in the Saxon Royal Collection, sold Sotheby & Co., London 23 March 1970, lot 66. The decoration of this group has long been associated with Klaus Hirt of Wasungen, based on a single gun signed ‘Klaus Hirt Büchsenschifter zu Wasungen’, now preserved in the Historisches Museum, Berne. The Berne gun, the Saxon pair of pistols and the present pistol are all marked by the same locksmith. The maker’s mark is also found on firearms preserved in the Musée de l’Armée, Paris, the Germanische Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg, and the Deutsches Historisches Museum, Berlin. See Schaal 1978, p. 19. £8000-12000

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VARIOUS OWNERS 416 A PAIR OF 28 BORE SILESIAN LONG WHEEL-LOCK HOLSTER PISTOLS, CIESZYNIE (TESCHEN), CIRCA 1640-60 each with tapering barrel engraved with scrolls at the breech, muzzle and over the median (possibly shortened in their early life, rubbed, areas of pitting), stamped with the initials ‘T’ and ‘R’ on each side of the breech, slender breech tang decorated en suite, flat bevelled lock retained by three side nails, fitted with external wheel retained by a moulded bracket, sliding pan-cover, moulded dog, fruitwood full stock profusely inlaid with staghorn tendrils and pellets enriched with mother-of-pearl rondels, including rabbits being pursued by hounds over the fore-end, a mythical bird opposite the lock, mythical beasts about the tang, and a bird-of-prey on each side of the butt, all within segmental lines, the butt encircled by a slender steel band and inlaid with an expanded flowerhead in mother-of-pearl (the stocks with very minor repairs), iron trigger-guard with very slender moulded terminal, a single engraved silver ramrod-pipe, engraved staghorn rear ramrod-pipe, engraved staghorn fore-end cap, and pommel, the latter engraved with a flower and a bird-of-prey, and associated wooden ramrod with staghorn tip 32 cm; 12⅝ in barrels (2) Another pair of this distinctive type were sold in these rooms 10 December 2008, lot 384. The initials TR are possibly those of Thomas Rytirz, recorded in Cieszynie (Teschen) circa 1639-76. See Kruczek 2001, p. 234. ‡ £8000-12000

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LOTS 417-544 WITHDRAWN FROM SALE

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Sale Results for 7th May 2014 The following prices are the hammer prices GBP/£. Unsold lots are not shown. Thomas Del Mar Ltd is not responsible for typographical errors or omissions 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55

240

£650 £130 £280 £400 £1,700 £100 £3,200 £3,000 £3,800 £1,300 £1,100 £300 £1,400 £1,700 £550 £320 £950 £220 £800 £400 £200 £750 £68 £300 £90 £90 £30 £2,700 £160 £90 £260 £500 £650 £900 £400 £550 £700 £300 £600 £60 £55 £30 £750 £420 £400 £500 £480 £200 £480 £1,100 £120 £500 £440 £650 £360

56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110

£240 £2,400 £420 £400 £950 £5,200 £3,000 £2,400 £1,900 £320 £800 £1,700 £1,900 £850 £700 £380 £300 £340 £1,000 £380 £450 £35 £320 £160 £700 £240 £700 £460 £125 £650 £130 £100 £420 £500 £500 £340 £340 £2,000 £600 £1,000 £4,200 £1,300 £1,900 £1,000 £850 £900 £1,300 £700 £1,100 £1,050 £950 £1,300 £1,100 £950 £950

111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165

£900 £1,050 £3,800 £620 £150 £1,300 £800 £200 £240 £1,800 £2,100 £2,200 £300 £260 £260 £260 £1,100 £600 £600 £300 £340 £220 £12,000 £39,000 £25,000 £30,000 £36,000 £14,000 £9,000 £6,000 £8,000 £30,000 £32,000 £16,000 £2,600 £3,600 £2,600 £2,600 £850 £1,600 £2,600 £1,900 £1,600 £1,700 £2,200 £1,800 £1,500 £800 £1,200 £1,200 £500 £1,100 £1,500 £450 £260

166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220

£250 £3,000 £80 £140 £600 £600 £1,500 £1,500 £14,000 £320 £240 £500 £1,500 £650 £260 £3,500 £1,400 £2,200 £1,600 £800 £750 £750 £700 £650 £3,500 £480 £200 £1,000 £1,200 £500 £3,800 £420 £550 £500 £400 £80 £280 £300 £320 £850 £1,500 £450 £850 £1,050 £400 £180 £300 £120 £480 £1,700 £800 £1,500 £550 £1,200 £850

221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275

£30 £3,400 £2,800 £2,200 £1,800 £1,300 £4,200 £3,600 £1,200 £1,900 £2,600 £1,600 £3,000 £3,800 £800 £1,200 £1,200 £2,400 £2,900 £500 £570 £400 £13,000 £1,600 £800 £170 £1,600 £300 £300 £150 £80 £140 £120 £600 £110 £240 £2,600 £950 £2,000 £1,500 £900 £800 £800 £1,200 £280 £60 £220 £2,400 £350 £260 £2,000 £160 £380 £50 £48

276

£2,000

277

£400

278

£400

279

£500

280

£8,000

281

£13,000

282

£9,000

283

£10,000

284

£3,800

285

£3,200

286

£1,300

287

£1,700

288

£900

289

£500

290

£1,500

291

£420

292

£110

293

£80

294

£50

295

£300

296

£250

297

£500

298

£200

299

£95

300

£70

301

£40

302

£480

303

£1,500

304

£900

305

£260

306

£850

307

£15

308

£5,500

309

£17,000

310

£8,200

311

£480

312

£380

313

£650

314

£380

315

£450

316

£19,000

317

£2,800

318

£400

319

£3,200

320

£2,000

321

£800

322

£2,000

323

£2,500

324

£1,600

325

£1,300

326

£850

327

£12,000


Conditions of Business for Buyers 1.

Introduction (a) The contractual relationship of Thomas Del Mar Ltd. and Sellers with prospective Buyers is governed by:(i) these Conditions of Business for Buyers; (ii) the Conditions of Business for Sellers displayed in the saleroom and available from Thomas Del Mar Ltd.; (iii) Thomas Del Mar Ltd.’s Authenticity Guarantee; (iv) any additional notices and terms printed in the sale catalogue, in each case as amended by any saleroom notice or auctioneer's announcement. (b) As auctioneer, Thomas Del Mar Ltd. acts as agent for the Seller. Occasionally, Thomas Del Mar Ltd. may own or have a financial interest in a lot.

2. Definitions “Bidder” is any person making, attempting or considering making a bid, including Buyers; “Buyer” is the person who makes the highest bid or offer accepted by the auctioneer, including a Buyer’s principal when bidding as agent; “Seller” is the person offering a lot for sale, including their agent, or executors; “TDM” means Thomas Del Mar Ltd., 25 Blythe Road, London, W14 0PD, company number 5368339. “Buyer’s Expenses” are any costs or expenses due to Thomas Del Mar Ltd. from the Buyer; “Buyer’s Premium” is the commission payable by the Buyer on the Hammer Price at the rates set out in the Guide for Prospective Buyers; “Hammer Price” is the highest bid for the Property accepted by the auctioneer at the auction or the post auction sale price; “Purchase Price” is the Hammer Price plus applicable Buyer’s Premium and Buyer’s Expenses; “Reserve Price” (where applicable) is the minimum Hammer Price at which the Seller has agreed to sell a lot. The Buyer’s Premium, Buyer’s Expenses and Hammer Price are subject to VAT, where applicable. 3. Examination of Lots (a) TTDM’s knowledge of lots is partly dependent on information provided by the Seller and TDM is unable to exercise exhaustive due diligence on each lot. Each lot is available for examination before sale. Bidders are responsible for carrying out examinations and research before sale to satisfy themselves over the condition of lots and accuracy of descriptions. (b) All oral and/or written information provided to Bidders relating to lots, including descriptions in the catalogue, condition reports or elsewhere are statements of TDM’s opinion and not representations of fact. Estimates may not be relied on as a prediction of the selling price or value of the lot and may be revised from time to time at TDM’s absolute discretion. 4. Exclusions and limitations of liability to Buyers (a) TDM shall refund the Purchase Price to the Buyer in circumstances where it deems that the lot is a Counterfeit, subject to the terms of TDM’s Authenticity Guarantee. (b) Subject to Condition 4(a), neither TDM nor the Seller:(i) is liable for any errors or omissions in any oral or written information provided to Bidders by TDM, whether negligent or otherwise; (ii) gives any guarantee or warranty to Bidders and any implied warranties and conditions are excluded (save in so far as such obligations cannot be excluded by English law), other than the express warranties given by the Seller to the Buyer (for which the Seller is solely responsible) under the Conditions of Business for Sellers; (iii) accepts responsibility to Bidders for acts or omissions (whether negligent or otherwise) by TDM in connection with the conduct of auctions or for any matter relating to the sale of any lot. (c) Without prejudice to Condition 4(b), any claim against TDM

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and/ or the Seller by a Bidder is limited to the Purchase Price for the relevant lot. Neither TDM nor the Seller shall be liable for any indirect or consequential losses. 5. Bidding at Auction (a) TDM has absolute discretion to refuse admission to the auction. Before sale, Bidders must complete a Registration Form and supply such information and references as TDM requires. Bidders are personally liable for their bid and are jointly and severally liable with their principal, if bidding as agent (in which case TDM’s prior and express consent must be obtained). (b) TDM advises Bidders to attend the auction, but TDM will endeavour to execute absentee written bids provided that they are, in TDM’s opinion, received in sufficient time and in legible form. (c) When available, written and telephone bidding is offered as a free service at the Bidder’s risk and subject to TDM’s other commitments; TDM is therefore not liable for failure to execute such bids. Telephone bidding may be recorded. 6. Import, Export and Copyright Restrictions TDM and the Seller make no representations or warranties as to whether any lot is subject to import, export or copyright restrictions. It is the Buyer's sole responsibility to obtain any copyright clearance or any necessary import, export or other licence required by law, including licenses required under the Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES). 7.

Conduct of the Auction (a) The auctioneer has discretion to refuse bids, withdraw or reoffer lots for sale (including after the fall of the hammer) if (s)he believes that there may be an error or dispute, and may also take such other action as (s)he reasonably deems necessary. (b) The auctioneer will commence and advance the bidding in such increments as (s)he considers appropriate and is entitled to place bids on the Seller’s behalf up to the Reserve Price for the lot, where applicable. (c) Subject to Condition 7(a), the contract between the Buyer and the Seller is concluded on the striking of the auctioneer's hammer. (d) Any post-auction sale of lots shall incorporate these Conditions of Business. 8. Payment and Collection (a) Unless otherwise agreed in advance, payment of the Purchase Price is due in pounds sterling immediately after the auction (the "Payment Date"). (b) Title in a lot will not pass to the Buyer until TDM has received the Purchase Price in cleared funds. TDM will generally not release a lot to a Buyer before payment. Earlier release shall not affect passing of title or the Buyer's obligation to pay the Purchase Price, as above. (c) The refusal of any licence or permit required by law, as outlined in Condition 6, shall not affect the Buyer’s obligation to pay for the lot, as per Condition 8(a). (d) The Buyer must arrange collection of lots within 10 working days of the auction. Purchased lots are at the Buyer's risk from the earlier of (i) collection or (ii) 10 working days after the auction. Until risk passes, TDM will compensate the Buyer for any loss or damage to the lot up to a maximum of the Purchase Price actually paid by the Buyer. TDM’s assumption of risk is subject to the exclusions detailed in Condition 5(d) of the Conditions of Business for Sellers. (e) All packing and handling of lots is at the Buyer's risk. TDM will not be liable for any acts or omissions of third party packers or shippers. 9. Remedies for non-payment Without prejudice to any rights that the Seller may have, if the


Buyer without prior agreement fails to make payment for the lot within 5 working days of the auction, TDM may in its sole discretion exercise 1 or more of the following remedies:(a) store the lot at its premises or elsewhere at the Buyer’s sole risk and expense; (b) cancel the sale of the lot; (c) set off any amounts owed to the Buyer by TDM against any amounts owed to TDM by the Buyer for the lot; (d) reject future bids from the Buyer; (e) charge interest at 4% per annum above HSBC Bank plc Base Rate from the Payment Date to the date that the Purchase Price is received in cleared funds; (f) re-sell the lot by auction or privately, with estimates and reserves at TDM’s discretion, in which case the Buyer will be liable for any shortfall between the original Purchase Price and the amount achieved on re-sale, including all costs incurred in such re-sale; (g) Exercise a lien over any Buyer’s Property in TDM’s possession, applying the sale proceeds to any amounts owed by the Buyer to TDM. TDM shall give the Buyer 14 days written notice before exercising such lien; (h) commence legal proceedings to recover the Purchase Price for the lot, plus interest and legal costs; (i) disclose the Buyer’s details to the Seller to enable the Seller to commence legal proceedings 10. Failure to collect purchases (a) If the Buyer pays the Purchase Price but does not collect the lot within 20 working days of the auction, the lot will be stored at the Buyer's expense and risk at TDM’s premises or in independent storage.

(b) If a lot is paid for but uncollected within 6 months of the auction, following 60 days written notice to the Buyer, TDM will re-sell the lot by auction or privately, with estimates and reserves at TDM’s discretion. The sale proceeds, less all TDM’s costs, will be forfeited unless collected by the Buyer within 2 years of the original auction. 11. Data Protection (a) TDM will use information supplied by Bidders or otherwise obtained lawfully by TDM for the provision of auction related services, client administration, marketing and as otherwise required by law. (b) By agreeing to these Conditions of Business, the Bidder agrees to the processing of their personal information and to the disclosure of such information to third parties world-wide for the purposes outlined in Condition 11(a) and to Sellers as per Condition 9(i). 12. Miscellaneous (a) All images of lots, catalogue descriptions and all other materials produced by TDM are the copyright of TDM. (b) These Conditions of Business are not assignable by any Buyer without TDM’s prior written consent, but are binding on Bidders' successors, assigns and representatives. (c) The materials listed in Condition 1(a) set out the entire agreement between the parties. (d) If any part of these Conditions of Business be held unenforceable, the remaining parts shall remain in full force and effect. (e) These Conditions of Business shall be interpreted in accordance with English Law, under the exclusive jurisdiction of the English Courts, in favour of TDM.

Thomas Del Mar Ltd.‘s Authenticity Guarantee If Thomas Del Mar Ltd. sells an item of Property which is later shown to be a “Counterfeit”, subject to the terms below Thomas Del Mar Ltd. will rescind the sale and refund the Buyer the total amount paid by the Buyer to Thomas Del Mar Ltd. for that Property, up to a maximum of the Purchase Price. The Guarantee lasts for one (1) year after the date of the relevant auction, is for the benefit of the Buyer only and is non-transferable. “Counterfeit” means an item of Property that in Thomas Del Mar Ltd.’s reasonable opinion is an imitation created with the intent to deceive over the authorship, origin, date, age, period, culture or source, where the correct description of such matters is not included in the catalogue description for the Property. Property shall not be considered Counterfeit solely because of any damage and/or restoration and/or modification work (including, but not limited to, recolouring, tooling or repatinating). Please note that this Guarantee does not apply if either:(i) the catalogue description was in accordance with the generally accepted opinions of scholars and experts at the date of the sale, or the catalogue description indicated that there was a conflict of such opinions; or reports produced by the Buyer, and reserves the right to seek additional expert advice at its own expense. In the event Thomas Del Mar Ltd. decides to rescind the sale under this Guarantee, it may refund to the Buyer the reasonable costs of up to two mutually approved independent expert reports, provided always that the costs of such reports have been approved in advance and in writing by Thomas Del Mar Ltd. (ii) the only method of establishing at the date of the sale that the item was a Counterfeit would have been by means of

processes not then generally available or accepted, unreasonably expensive or impractical; or likely to have caused damage to or loss in value to the Property (in Thomas Del Mar Ltd.’s reasonable opinion); or (iii) there has been no material loss in value of the Property from its value had it accorded with its catalogue description. To claim under this Guarantee, the Buyer must:(i) notify Thomas Del Mar Ltd. in writing within one (1) month of receiving any informationthat causes the Buyer to question the authenticity or attribution of the Property, specifying the lot number, date of the auction at which it was purchased and the reasons why it is believed to be Counterfeit; and (ii) return the Property to Thomas Del Mar Ltd. in the same condition as at the date of sale and be able to transfer good title in the Property, free from any third party claims arising after the date of the sale. Thomas Del Mar Ltd. has discretion to waive any of the above requirements. Thomas Del Mar Ltd. may require the Buyer to obtain at the Buyer's cost the reports of two independent and recognised experts in the relevant field and acceptable to Thomas Del Mar Ltd. Thomas Del Mar Ltd. shall not be bound by any reports produced by the Buyer, and reserves the right to seek additional expert advice at its own expense. In the event Thomas Del Mar Ltd. decides to rescind the sale under this Guarantee, it may refund to the Buyer the reasonable costs of up to two mutually approved independent expert reports, provided always that the costs of such reports have been approved in advance and in writing by Thomas Del Mar Ltd.

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Thomas Del Mar Ltd

Absentee Bid Form (Please print or type)

Sale Title Antique Arms, Armour & Militaria Date 25th June 2014

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Code: Nager Please mail, fax, or scan and email to: Thomas Del Mar 25 Blythe Road London W14 0PD Fax +44 (0) 207 602 5973

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Please bid on my behalf at the above sale for the following Lot(s) up to the hammer price(s) mentioned below. These bids are to be executed as cheaply as is permitted by other bids or reserves and in an amount up to but not exceeding the specified amount. The auctioneer may open the bidding on any lot by placing a bid on behalf of the seller. The auctioneer may further bid on behalf of the seller up to the amount of the reserve by placing responsive or consecutive bids for a lot.

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I agree to be bound by Thomas Del Mar Ltd’s Conditions of Business. If any bid is successful, I agree to pay a buyer’s premium on the hammer price at the rate stated in the front of the catalogue and any VAT, or amounts in lieu of VAT, which may be due on the buyer’s premium and the hammer price.

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Methods of Payment Thomas Del Mar Ltd. welcomes the following methods of payment, most of which will facilitate immediate release of your purchases. Wire Transfer to our Bank Electronic transfers may be sent directly to our Bank: HSBC Bank Plc 38 High Street Dartford Kent DA1 1DG

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Lot

250

Description

£ Bid Price

Lot

Description

£ Bid Price


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