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Thomas Del Mar Ltd In association with Sotheby’s

Antique Arms, Armour & Militaria London Wednesday 26th June 2013


Auction EnquiRiEs AnD infoRmAtion Sale Number: Code name:

17 Ghunstar

Enquiries:

catalogue

Thomas Del Mar Ian Eaves Peter Smith

ÂŁ15 plus postage

George Duckett Sarah Ingoldby Amy-Lynn Kitchen

Thomas Del Mar Ltd 25 Blythe Road London W14 0PD Tel: +44 (0) 207 602 4805 Fax: +44 (0) 207 602 5973 Email: enquiries@thomasdelmar.com

Thomas Del Mar Ltd gratefully acknowledges Stephen Wood and Charles Webb for their assistance in the preparation of this catalogue.

Front cover: Detail of lot 28 and 184 Back cover: Detail of lots including lots 294, 354, 367 and 368

Photography: Rolant Dafis


Thomas Del Mar Ltd In association with

Sotheby’s ANTIQUE ARMS, ARMOUR & MILITARIA THE ANTHONY DE REUCK COLLECTION THE PROPERTY OF A GENTLEMAN THE PROPERTY OF A COLLECTOR

TO BE SOLD BY AUCTION AT Thomas Del Mar Ltd 25 Blythe Road London W14 0PD

PUBLIC EXHIBITION Sunday 23rd June 12 noon to 4pm Monday 24th June 10am to 7pm Tuesday 25th June 10am to 5pm

DAY OF SALE

Wednesday 26th June 2013 at 12 noon, precisely Listen to the auction live on Tel. +44 (0) 20 7806 5535 Online Bidding with

This auction is conducted by Thomas Del Mar Ltd in accordance with our Conditions of Business printed in the back of this catalogue. All questions and comments relating to the operation of this sale or to its contents should be addressed to Thomas Del Mar Ltd and NOT to Sotheby’s.

View the catalogue online at www.thomasdelmar.com i


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Important Information for Buyers All lots are offered subject to Thomas Del Mar Ltd’s Condition’s of Business and to reserves. The Conditions of Business for Buyers are published at the end of the catalogue. Please note that all measurements including bore sizes are approximate. Estimates are published as a guide only and are subject to review. The actual hammer price of a lot may well be higher or lower than the range of figures given and there are no fixed “starting prices”. A Buyer’s premium of 20% is applicable to all lots in this sale. Excepting lots sold under Temporary Import rules which are marked with the symbol ‡ (see below), the Buyer’s Premium is subject to VAT at the standard rate (currently 20%). Lots offered for sale under the auctioneer’s margin scheme and VAT on the Buyer’s Premium is payable by all buyers. Lots marked with the symbol ‡ have been imported from outside the European Union (EU) to be sold at auction under Temporary Import Rules. When released to buyers within the EU, including the UK, the buyer will become the importer and must pay VAT at the rate of 5% on the hammer price. The Buyer’s premium will be subject to the standard VAT rate at 20%. Buyers outside the EU will normally be eligible to obtain a refund in respect of VAT, upon satisfactory documentary evidence of exportation. Further information on this matter is available on request. Thomas Del Mar Ltd. will be pleased to execute bids on behalf of those clients unable to attend the sale in person, subject to our Conditions of Business. All bids must be submitted in writing in good time and lots will always be purchased as cheaply as possible (depending on any other bids received, reserves and competition in the saleroom). This service is offered free of charge. Thomas Del Mar Ltd. can supply quotations for shipping of purchases, including transit insurance and VAT refund administration fees, and will assist in the application for any export licenses which may be required. Administration fees may be applicable for this. Buyers are reminded that it is their responsibility to comply with UK export regulations and with any local import requirements.

Payment Payment is due in sterling at the conclusion of the sale and before purchases can be released. Please note that we require seven days to clear sterling cheques unless special arrangements have been made in advance of the sale. We are pleased to accept major credit cards (regrettably we are unable to accept American Express), for which a surcharge will be made of 3% of the transaction total. International debit cards attract a 3% surcharge. There is no charge for payments made by UK registered debit card. Cash payments and credit card payments above £6,000 will not be accepted without prior arrangement. Electronic transfers may be sent directly to our Bank: HSBC Bank Plc 38 High Street Dartford Kent DA1 1DG IBAN No.: BIC.: Sort Code: Account No.: Account Name.:

GB78MIDL40190481632140 MIDLGB22 40-19-04 81632140 Thomas Del Mar Ltd

Storage On receipt of cleared funds, lots can be collected from Thomas Del Mar Ltd’s premises at 25 Blythe Road, London W14 0PD. Please note that collection is BY APPOINTMENT on +44 (0) 207 602 4805. All lots should be cleared within one month of the auction date, after which they will be transferred to a third party for storage. A transfer fee of £10 per lot plus all incurred transfer and storage costs due to the third party will be payable prior to release. iii


Select Bibliography D.H.L. Back 1992

D. H. L. Back, Great Irish Gunmakers Messrs Rigby, Norwich 1992

E. Benezit 1976

Emmanuel-Chales Benezit, Dictionnaire Critique et Documentaire des Peintres, Sculpteurs, Dessinateurs et Graveurs, Paris 1976

H.L. Blackmore 1976

Howard L. Blackmore, The Armouries of the Tower of London, Ordinance London 1976

H.L. Blackmore 1986

Howard L. Blackmore, A Dictionary of London Gunmakers 1350-1850, Oxford 1986

H.L. Blackmore 1999

Howard L. Blackmore, Gunmakers of London Supplement 1350-1850, Canada and USA 1999

C. Blair 1956

Claude Blair, ‘A New Found Greenwich Helmet’, Connoisseur Year Book, 1956

C. Blair 1999

Claude Blair, ‘Welsh bills, glaives and hooks’, Journal of the Arms and Armour Society, Vol. XVI, No. 2

L.G. Boccia and E.T. Coelho 1975

Lionello G. Boccia & Eduardo T. Coelho, Armi Bianche Italiane, Milan 1975

L.G. Boccia 1982

Lionello G. Boccia, Le Armature di S.Maria delle Grazie di Curtatone di Mantova E’Larmatura Lombarda del ‘400, Busto Arsizio 1982

S. Comfort 2008

Sim Comfort, Naval Swords & Dirks: A study of British, French and American Naval Swords, Cutlasses and Dirks during the Age of Fighting Sail, London 2008

A. de Reuck, D. Starley, T. Richardson & D. Edge 2005

Anthony de Reuck, David Starley, Thom Richardson & David Edge, ‘Duplex armour: an unrecognised mode of construction’, Arms & Armour Vol.2, no.1, Royal Armouries Museum, Leeds, 2005

N. di Carpegna 1969

Nolfo di Carpegna, Antiche Armi dal sec. IX al XVIII, già Collezione Odescalchi, Rome 1969

N. di Carpegna 1997

Nolfo di Carpegna, Brescian firearms : from matchlock to flintlock : a compendium of names, marks and works together with an attempt at classification, Rome 1997

A.R. Dufty & W. Reid 1968

Arthur Richard Dufty & William Reid, European Armour in the Tower of London, London 1968

I. Eaves 1968

Ian Eaves, ‘A Newly Identified Greenwich Helmet in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York’, Journal of the Arms and Armour Society, Vol. XII, no. 6, September 1968

I. Eaves 2002

Ian Eaves, Catalogue of European Armour at the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge 2002

R. Elgood 1995

Robert Elgood, Firearms of the Islamic World in the Tareq Rajeb Museum Kuwait, London and New York 1995

R. Elgood 2004

Robert Elgood, Hindu Arms and Ritual, Arms and Armour from India 1400-1865, The Netherlands 2004

R.Elgood 2009

Robert Elgood, The Arms of Greece and Her Balkan Neighbours in the Ottoman Period, London 2009

S.V. Grancsay 1961

Stephen V. Grancsay, Catalogue of Armour. The John Woodman Higgins Armoury, Massachusetts 1961

E. Haenel 1923

E. Haenel, Kostbare Waffen aus der Dresdner Rüstkammer, Leipzig 1923

J.F. Hayward 1963

John F. Hayward, Swords & Daggers, London 1963

J.F. Hayward 1962-3

John F. Hayward, The Art of the Gunmaker, Volumes 1 and 2, London 1962-3

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E. Heer 1979

Eugene Heer, Der Neue Støckel: Internationales Lexikon der Büchsenmacher, Handfeurwaffen-Fabrikanten und Armbrustmacher von 1400-1900, 1979

A. Hoff 1978

Arne Hoff, Dutch Firearms, London 1978

W.J. Karcheski & T. Richardson 2000

Walter J. Karcheski & Thom Richardson, The Medieval Armour from Rhodes, Leeds & Worcester, Massachusetts 2000

G. Laking 1905

Sir Guy Francis Laking, ‘Mr. Edward Barry’s Collection of Arms and Armour at Ockwells Manor, Bray’,Connoiseur, February 1905

G. Laking 1922

Sir Guy Francis Laking, European Armour and Arms, Vol. V, 1922

J. Lavin 1965

James D. Lavin PhD, A History of Spanish Firearms, London 1965

J.G. Mann

Sir James G. Mann, Catalogue of Arms and Armour in the Possession of Sir Edward Barry, Manuscript in the Royal Armouries Library

P. Missillier & H. Ricketts 1988 Philippe Missillier & Howard Ricketts, Splendeur des armes Orientales, Paris 1988 B. Mohammed 2007

Bashir Mohammed, The Art of the Muslim Knight, Paris 2007

E.A. Mowbray 1967

E. Andrew Mowbray, Arms and Armour from the Atelier of Ernst Schmidt Munich, Rhode Island 1967

W.K. Neal & D.H.L. Back 1984 W. Keith Neal & D.H.L. Back, Great British Gunmakers 1540-1740, Norwich 1984 H. Nickel 1969

Helmut Nickel, ‘English Armour in the Metropolitan Museum’, The Connoisseur, November 1969

D.C. Nicolle 1988

D.C. Nicolle, Arms and Armour of the Crusading Era 1050-1350, vols 1-2, White Plains 1988

A.V.B. Norman 1980

A.V.B. Norman, The Rapier and Small-Sword, 1460-1820, London 1980

O’Reilly 1909

O’Reilly, ‘The Curios of Ockwells Manor’, The Ladies Field, 6 March 1909

P.L. Pratt 1964

Professor P.L. Pratt, ‘Some Facets of Crystal Physics’, Inaugural Lecture, Imperial College, London, 21 January 1964

J.P. Puype 1996

Jan Piet Puype, The Visser Collection. Arms of the Netherlands in the collection of H.L.Visser. Volume 1, Parts 1-3, Amsterdam 1996

J.P. Puype & M. van der Hoeven 1996

Jan Piet Puype & Marco van der Hoeven, The Arsenal of the World. The Dutch Arms Trade in the Seventeenth Century, Amsterdam 1996

T. Richardson 2004

Thom Richardson, London Armourers of the 17th century, 2004

H. Schedelmann 1972

Hans Schedelmann, Die Grossen Büchsenmacher, 1972

E. Schalkhausser, 1988

Erwin Schalkhausser, Jagdgewehre, Scheibenbüchsen & Pistolen, Berlin 1988

H. Schneider & K. Stüber 1980 H. Schneider & K. Stüber, Waffen im Schweizerischen Landesmuseum, Griffwaffen l, Zurich 1980 H. Seitz 1965

Heribert Seitz, Blankwaffen I & II, Germany 1965

H. Stocklein 1926

Hans Stocklein, ‘Die Meister der ehemaligen Herzoglich Pfalz-Zweibrückener Gewehrkammer’, Zeitschrift fur Historische Waffenkunde, Vol. 5, No.12, 1926

B. Thomas & O. Gamber 1976

B. Thomas & O. Gamber, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Wien Waffensammlung. Katalog der lieberüstkammer I, Vienna 1976

A.C. Tirri 2003

Anthony C. Tirri, Islamic Weapons. Maghrib to Moghul, USA 2003 v


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African and Eastern Arms and Armour VARIOUS OWNERS 1 A JAPANESE SWORD (KATANA) with curved single-edged blade of uno-kubi (cormorant’s neck) form, cut with a long slender fuller along the back-edge and incised with scrolls and a stylised lotus flower on one side (small chips, worn), plain grooved tang pierced with three mekugi-ana, unsigned shakudo tsuba decorated with monsters and foliage, fabric-bound sharkskin-covered grip with soft metal menuki, in its lacquered saya with mounts en suite 64cm; 25 1/4in blade £800-1000 2 A JAPANESE SWORD (KATANA) with curved single-edged blade with wavy hamon (staining, very small areas of pitting and scratches), tang signed Murashi no kami Kunitsugu, pierced with a single mekugi-ana, tsuba decorated with stylised foliage enriched with soft metal, fabric-bound sharkskincovered grip with chiselled and gilt mounts including menuki formed as sea shells, in its lacquered saya 63.5cm; 25in blade £600-800 3 A JAPANESE BONE-MOUNTED SWORD (KATANA), LATE 19TH CENTURY with slightly curved single-edged blade, bone tsuba grip and saya, all finely carved with detailed figurative scenes including mounted armour clad warriors on the grip and a battle scene on the lower portion of the saya, and with a single ring for suspension (the other ring missing) 50.8cm; 20in blade

3

1

2

£700-1000

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4 A JAPANESE W. W. II OFFICER’S SWORD (KATANA) with curved single-edged blade, the suriage nakago (cut tang) with two mekugi-ana, signed Minamoto Jujo ju, Nagasada kore saku, brass tsuba, regulation mounts applied with a mon, fabric-bound sharkskin-covered grip, in its regulation saya 70cm; 27 5/8in blade £1800-2200 5 A JAPANESE W. W. II OFFICER’S SWORD (KATANA) with earlier curved single-edged blade of Honzukuri shape, iorimune (ridge), suriage (cut tang) with three mekugi-ana, unsigned, regulation brass tsuba, grip, menuki, in its regulation saya 66.6cm; 26in blade £350-450 6 A JAPANESE W.W.II OFFICER’S SWORD (KATANA) with slightly curved single-edge blade, plain tang with a single mekugi-ana, regulation hilt and mounts, in its steel saya (mounts losses, some detached, worn), together with two later katana and two later wakizashi the first:69cm; 27 1/4in blade (5) £200-300

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7 A JAPANESE W. W. II OFFICER’S SWORD (KATANA) with curved single-edge blade, original tang (ubu nakago) with a mekugi-ana, signed Kazuo, regulation brass tsuba, sharkskincovered grip, regulation brass mounts, in its regulation leather-covered saya 67.2cm; 26 1/2in blade £350-450 8 A JAPANESE W.W.II OFFICER’S SWORD (KATANA) with slightly curved single-edged fullered blade with wavy hamon, tang signed Matsunaga and pierced with two mekugiana, regulation hilt with fabric-bound sharkskin-covered grip, chrysanthemum menuki, in its saya 63.5cm; 25.5cm £300-500 9 A DECORATIVE KATANA, 20TH CENTURY with curved single-edged blade incised with stylised characters on one side, and fabric bound grip, in its painted saya 73.5cm; 29in blade £30-50

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10 A MINIATURE JAPANESE SWORD (KATANA), 19TH CENTURY with well forged curved single-edged blade, plain tang pierced with a single mekugi-ana, brassmounted hilt including tsuba and kabuto-gane, fabric-bound sharkskin-covered grip (incomplete) with gilt menuki, in its brass-mounted lacquered saya decorated with a gilt mon, perhaps for the Tokugowa family 39cm; 15 3/8in blade ‡ £250-350 11 A JAPANESE SHORT SWORD (WAKIZASHI) with curved single-edged blade with traces of a straight hamon (staining, very small scratches), tang signed ‘Yamato no kuni Tegai Kanenaga juichi mago saku’ (Yamato district’s Tegai school Kanenaga, 11th Son made), dated Kanbun 11nen shingai 2gatsu kichijitsu (February 1771) and Shinano no kami oite kuni pierced with a single mekugi-ana, a further mekugi-ana with an early plug, tsuba decorated with a stylised landscape enriched with soft metal, fabric-bound sharkskincovered grip with chiselled and gilt mounts including differing menuki, in its lacquered saya (kozuka missing) 44.5cm; 17 1/2in blade £450-550 12 A JAPANESE SHORTSWORD (AIKUCHI TANTO) with single-edged blade formed with a wavy hamon and cut with a pair of fullers on each face, tang signed Gisuke (Yoshisuke) and pierced with a single mekugi-ana, fabric-bound sharkskin-covered grip with shakudo metal mounts including tsuba and two dragon menuki (kabuto-gane missing), in a lacquered saya decorated with pine needle designs and with gilt chape 27.5cm; 10 3/4in blade

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£300-500

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13 A JAPANESE SHIBAYAMA IVORY AND SILVERMOUNTED DAGGER (AIKUCHI-TANTO) with curved single-edged blade incised with a dragon on each face, silver-mounted hilt finely engraved and enriched with soft metal birds and scrolls, ivory grip encrusted with coloured shells, coral and malachite including an elaborate bouquet on one side and with a bouquet in a basket suspended from a tree on the other, in its silver-mounted ivory saya decorated en suite with the hilt, including differing blossoming trees on the respective faces inhabited by exotic birds, and complete with its kozuka decorated en suite 20.5cm; 8in blade ÂŁ5000-8000 14 A JAPANESE SILVER-MOUNTED DAGGER (AIKUCHI- TANTO) with very slightly curved blade with wavy hamon, cut with a short fuller on each face, tang signed Asai and pierced with a single mekugi-ana, silver hilt enriched with soft metal and chased with flowers and further motifs including a teapot, in its silver-mounted saya decorated on each face with an amorous couple partially clad in traditional costume 18.5cm; 7 1/4in blade ÂŁ600-800

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15 A JAPANESE SHORTSWORD (TANTO), with curved single-edged blade cut with a long fuller on each face and with traces of hamon (small nicks, staining), tang inscribed Yakuno-ji pierced with a single mekugi-ana, in shira saya 30.5cm; 12in £200-300 16 FIVE VARIOUS JAPANESE SWORD GUARDS (TSUBA), 18TH/19TH CENTURY AND LATER the first 18th Century, of iron, decorated in low relief and enriched with soft metal flat inlays, with Hotei on top of a large sack, dropping his hand scroll, the reverse with his fan, unsigned; the second 18th century, of iron, decorated in low relief, with a mountainous landscape with houses in the field, the reverse with the continuous scene, unsigned; the third in 18th century style, decorated in gilt with Chinese scholars’ palace under pine trees with scholars and attendants, the reverse with clouds above gates and pine trees, signed Nomura Kanenori; the fourth in 18th century style, decorated with copper inlays and nunome zogan with Chinese figures in a pine grove, signed Soheishi Soten saku and the last unsigned carved in relief with a panel of mokume (wood grain) pattern above reeds in water decorated in Heianjo style gilt inlays, the reverse with another group of reeds, unsigned (5) £200-300

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17 A JAPANESE FULL ARMOUR (TOSEI GUSOKU), EDO PERIOD comprising thirty-two plate kabuto with lacquered peak and neck-guard (losses), lacquered mempo, black lacquered cuirass and a pair of full arm and leg defences formed of lacquered plates and mail on fabric (the lacquer with losses, areas of rust) Stand not included ÂŁ2000-3000

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18 A JAPANESE LACQUERED HELMET (JINGASA), LATE EDO OR MEIJI PERIOD of very low rounded form, slightly raised brim, the outer surface lacquered black and decorated in gilt polychrome with an elaborate dragon and gilt Fujiwara mon, and the inside lacquered red (areas of wear, small chips) 43cm; 17in diameter

20 A JAPANESE LACQUERED HELMET (JINGASA), LATE EDO OR MEIJI PERIOD of domed form, slightly raised brim strongly up-turned at the front, the outer surface lacquered black and decorated in gilt polychrome with a pair of dragons divided by a gilt crescent mon, and the inside lacquered red (areas of wear, small chips) 35cm; 13 3/4in diameter

£200-300

£200-300

19 A JAPANESE LACQUERED HELMET (JINGASA), LATE EDO OR MEIJI PERIOD of low conical form, the outer surface lacquered with a black vermiculated pattern, three low short gilt central ribs, and a gilt taira (butterfly) mon within a rondel, and the inside lacquered red with gilt speckles (very small chips) 42.5cm; 16 3/4in diameter

21 A JAPANESE LACQUERED HELMET (JINGASA), LATE EDO OR MEIJI PERIOD of very low conical form, slightly raised brim, the outer surface lacquered black and decorated in red and gilt with a pattern of densely scrolling foliage, and three differing mon, and the inside lacquered black (areas of wear, small chips) 42cm; 16 1/2in diameter

£200-300

£200-300

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22 A JAPANESE ARTICULATED FIGURINE (JIZAI) OF A PRAYING MANTIS, LATE MEIJI PERIOD of articulated russet iron, well detailed, signed Munenobu on the underside of it body, and retaining traces of red lacquered finish 11cm; 4 3/8in overall ÂŁ800-1000

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23 A CHINESE QUING DYNASTY SWORD (DAO), 19TH CENTURY with curved steel blade cut with a single fuller on each face, steel hilt comprising disc-guard and compressed ovoid pommel, and rudimentary wooden grip pierced at the top, in its paper-covered wooden scabbard (losses) with steel mounts of characteristic form 73cm; 28 3/4in blade ‡ £300-400 24 A CHINESE BROADSWORD, LATE 19TH/20TH CENTURY with straight double-edged blade inset with seven star-shaped pellets of brass and copper, engraved brass hilt including cross-piece formed as a grotesque mask and shaped pommel each enriched with punched ornament, horn grip inlaid with copper fillets and a central iron rivet with foliate washers, in its leather-covered wooden scabbard with pierced brass mounts 72.5cm; 28 1/2in blade ‡ £250-350

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25 A BHUTANESE SILVER-MOUNTED DAGGER, 19TH CENTURY with broad blade cut with a pair of slender fullers on each face, silver hilt comprising oval guard decorated with beadwork, characteristic cap pommel chased with flowers, and the grip bound with plaited silver wire, in its leather-covered wooden scabbard with large silver mounts engraved with bold scrolls of foliage on the outer face, traditional ornament on the inner face, a slender band for suspension, and retaining an early leather thong 20cm; 8in blade ‡ £150-250 26 A BHUTANESE DAGGER, 19TH CENTURY with broad blade cut with a slender fuller on each face, silverplated hilt chased with scrolls and a dragon on either side of the pommel, integral grip decorated with conventional foliage, in its fishskin-covered wooden scabbard with large silver-plated mounts chased with elaborate designs involving traditional scrolls and a dragon on the outer face and engraved with foliage on the inner, and the latter fitted with a loop for suspension 29cm; 11 1/2in blade ‡ £200-300

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27 A RARE IRON CANNON, 17TH/19TH CENTURY, CHINESE OR INDIAN formed of hammer welded longitudinal bars bound by seven reinforced bands alternating with six slender bands, stepped moulded muzzle, and fitted with a ring at each end for transport; together with an associated breech block, with rebated muzzle, hexagonal body, and reinforced breech fitted with a hexagonal pan the barrel: 148cm; 58 1/4in long 4cm; 1 1/2in bore (2)

The appearance of this cannon is strikingly similar to European examples of the late 15th/early 16th Century that was widely imitated over the subsequent centuries in India, China and other parts of the far East. For another example preserved in the Royal Armouries see H. L. Blackmore 1976, pp. 175-176 (inv. no. XIX.110). ÂŁ1500-2500

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28 detail

28 A FINE AND RARE CHINESE DECORATED HELMET, 17TH/18TH CENTURY, PROBABLY FOR A MEMBER OF THE IMPERIAL HOUSEHOLD with tall skull formed of four iron plates each decorated on the outside in damascened gold with four Lentsa characters above a running five clawed dragon, the plates joined on the inside by a slender iron panel and the outside with two gilt iron panels with engraved shaped foliate projections (two outer panels missing), the top of the skull with a large pierced iron central boss retained by four bud-shaped rivets all thickly encrusted with gold, decorated at the top with an expanded flowerhead, and at the front with a pair of dragons on either side of a central flaming jewel motif, all framed by a pair of ropework bands, the base of the skull encircled by an iron beadwork band surmounted by matching foliate projections secured by a pronounced bud-shaped rivets, all thickly encrusted in gold and with traces of a cheek and nape defences (probably of leather), fitted at the front with a brow-plate decorated in inlaid gold with a symmetrical pattern of scrollwork filled with differing flowerheads, topshells and a central flaming jewel design, pierced shaped peak thickly encrusted in gold and decorated with a design of scrollwork and a central monstrous mask, and retaining much gold throughout (the skull plates with small areas of pitting) 23cm; 9 1/8in high

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Provenance Morris J. Pinto, Geneva 1990 A helmet with two-piece skull and decorated in a closely related manner is preserved in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (inv. no. 2005.270. See D. Larocca 2006, no. 18 pp. 83-4. The five clawed dragon was adopted as a motif on the robes of Government Officials and members of the Imperial family from the 14th Century. It is one of the twelve ornaments, all twelve being present only on the robes of the Emperor. ‥ £10000-15000


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29 A CEYLONESE DAGGER (PIHA KAETTA), 18TH CENTURY with fullered blade of characteristic form, the forte encased in chased silver decorated with scrollwork, hardwood grip carved with traditional scrollwork, the lower portion encased in brass inlaid with scrolls and extending over the forte, and chased silver pommel cap 14cm; 5 1/2in blade £150-200 30 A CEYLONESE DAGGER (PIHA KAETTA), 18TH CENTURY with single-edged blade (pitted), decorated with traditional patterns in silver within a short fuller on each face, silver and brass hilt chiselled with scrollwork and foliage, and finely carved hardwood grip secured by rivets with fluted silver heads 16.5cm; 6 1/2in blade £80-120 31 A CEYLONESE DAGGER (PIHA KAETTA), 18TH CENTURY with characteristic blade inlaid with brass filled with a running pattern of silver foliage in a short fuller on each face, the forte overlaid with brass decorated en suite, carved hardwood grip decorated with traditional scrollwork, the lower portion with a brass collar matching the base of the blade, and chased silver pommel cap 15.2cm; 6in blade £80-120 32 THREE SOUTHEAST ASIAN EDGED WEAPONS, 19TH/20TH CENTURY comprising a Klewang, with heavy single-edged pattern welded blade and moulded horn hilt, in its scabbard; the second with curved single-edged blade and carved horn grip, and the third with single-edged blade and pronounced angular wooden hilt the first: 47cm; 18 1/2in blade (3)

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£120-150

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33 AN UNUSUAL SOUTH EAST ASIAN SILVERMOUNTED SHORTSWORD, LATE 19TH CENTURY with pattern-welded blade of flattened diamond section, wasted forte pierced with two shaped apertures, cut with a pair of fullers on each face, formed with a pair of pronounced up-turned lugs and with further filed patterns beneath, silver hilt formed of a moulded collar decorated with fine roping, a pair of separate near triangular panels decorated with lotus foliage extending over the lower portion of the grip, and large carved horn grip rising to a pronounced pommel 48.2cm; 19in blade ‡ £1200-1800 34 A LARGE MORO SHORTSWORD (BARONG), LATE 19TH CENTURY with broad single-edged blade (areas of surface rust), carved wooden hilt enclosed around much of the lower portion with a silver collar (small dents), and the pommel of characteristic form with finely carved terminals (small chips and cracks), in its two-piece wooden scabbard carved en suite (small chips and cracks) 39.2cm; 15 1/2in blade ‡ £200-300 35 A MORO SHORTSWORD (KRIS), LATE 19TH CENTURY with broad blade widening at the forte, applied with characteristic white metal bands and decorated with filed and pierced designs, leather and white metal hilt bound with leather, in its wooden scabbard 56cm; 22in blade ‡ £80-100

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36 AN OTTOMAN DAGGER (KHANJAR), TURKEY, LATE 18TH/19TH CENTURY with curved double-edged blade etched in imitation of a watered pattern, decorated with gold koftgari scrollwork on each side of the forte, engraved gilt steel hilt decorated with flowers, foliage and border ornament (rubbed, losses), in its wooden scabbard entirely encased in silver, the chape chased with scrolls, the locket decorated with beadwork and plaited designs, and with a small loop for suspension 32cm; 12 5/8in blade £800-1200 37 AN OTTOMAN DAGGER (JAMBIYA), TURKEY, LATE 19TH CENTURY with curved blade decorated with gold calligraphy on each side of the forte, horn hilt of characteristic form, in its silver scabbard chased with beadwork designs (worn) 27cm; 10 3/4in blade £300-500

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38 A TURKISH DAGGER, LATE 18TH/EARLY 19TH CENTURY with slightly curved single-edged blade stamped with a mark on one side (areas of surface rust), the tang partially enclosed by an engraved silver band (incomplete) and fitted with a pair of green stained horn grip-scales, each inlaid with numerous rondels filled with contrasting colours divided by brass fillets 18.5cm; 7 1/4in blade £200-300


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39 AN OTTOMAN SILVER-GILT MOUNTED DAGGER (JAMBIYA), TURKEY, 19TH CENTURY with curved double-edged blade of watered steel, slender hilt chased over its surface with a running pattern of flowers and foliage, and a bouquet on the pommel, in its matching scabbard with wooden core, chased over its entire outer surface with scrolls of foliage and flowers, a band of plaiting around the locket, and with a slender loop for suspension 24cm; 9 1/2in blade

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41

41 A TURKISH DAGGER (JAMBIYA), 19TH CENTURY with curved blade formed with a medial ridge, horn hilt of characteristic form, set with a contemporary Russian coin on one side (the other missing), and with T-shaped pommel, in its leather-covered wooden scabbard 25cm; 9 7/8in blade ‡ £250-350

£600-800 40 AN INDIAN DAGGER, EARLY 19TH CENTURY with curved double-edged blade formed with a reinforced tip, cut with a pair of fullers divided by a medial rib and chiselled with a flower at the forte on each face, damascened steel hilt decorated with scrolling foliage, and a pair of shaped ivory grip-scales retained by three iron rivets 21.5cm; 8 1/2in blade £400-600

17


42 AN OTTOMAN TROUSSE, TURKEY, LATE 17TH/18TH CENTURY AND LATER comprising brass scabbard with wooden core, the outside encased in brass engraved with bold scrolls of foliage, the locket decorated with further designs of foliage bordered top and bottom by a framework of small rondels, and pronounced bulbous chape, fitted with a pair of associated knives, each with tapering singleedged blade of watered steel, brass hilt engraved en suite with the scabbard, and grip formed of a chequerboard pattern of ivory and bone between brass fillets (restorations) 44cm; 17 3/8in overall £3000-5000 43 AN OTTOMAN TROUSSE, PROBABLY TURKEY LATE 19TH/20TH CENTURY comprising three knives each incised with simple scrollwork and crosses on the blade, the grips enclosed with embossed brass decorated with flowers, in a near conical scabbard with wooden core, the outer surface encased in gilt brass embossed with scrolls and scale pattern, and with two loops for suspension 40.5cm; 16in ‡ £500-700

42

18

43


44

44 AN INDIAN DAGGER WITH FINELY CARVED JADE HILT, LATE 18TH/9TH CENTURY with associated Ottoman Caucasian blade chiselled with a shaped recessed panel, light green mutton fat jade hilt carved in low relief with scrolling guard, swelling grip with a band of ropework top and bottom, and pommel en suite with the guard, decorated throughout in low relief with lotus flowers and foliage 35cm; 13 3/4in blade ÂŁ4000-6000

45

45 A BOSNIAN DAGGER (BODEZI), 18TH/EARLY 19TH CENTURY with tapering double-edged blade cut with a pair of fullers divided by a slender ridge and a scrollwork panel on each face, silver gilt hilt chased with beadwork and three raised square bosses on the pommel, carved ivory grip retained by a pair of rivets with silver flowerheads (one missing), in its wooden scabbard covered with red fabric, fitted with large silver locket chased with plaited bands and beadwork 38cm; 15in blade For related examples see R. Elgood 2009, p. 113, nos. 115-117. ÂŁ800-1000

19


46 46 AN INDIAN DAGGER (KATAR), 19TH CENTURY with sharply tapering blade formed with a reinforced point (cleaned), cut with a pair of fullers and a lotus leaf moulding on each face, iron hilt comprising a pair of side bars and moulded grip bars, decorated over almost its entire surface in gold koftgari with a running pattern of flowers and foliage (small losses) 23cm; 9in blade £400-600 47 AN INDIAN DAGGER (KATAR), LATE 18TH/EARLY 19TH CENTURY with associated blade with reinforced point, steel hilt formed with a feeding tiger at the base, a pair of side bars and moulded grip bars, all decorated with elaborate architectural landscapes on one face and with a scrolling pattern of foliage enclosing flowers on the other, and the grip bars with a gold koftgari monster at each end (losses), in a leather-covered scabbard 19cm; 7 1/2in blade £400-600

20

48

47

48 AN INDIAN DAGGER (KATAR), 19TH CENTURY with associated curved fullered blade formed with a reinforced tip, steel hilt with later silver plating, comprising a pair of pierced shaped panels extending over each side of the forte and decorated with a pair of fish on each side, pierced moulded side bars (one repaired) decorated with beadwork on the borders, and a pair of moulded bars for grips, in its green fabric-covered scabbard (chape missing) 26.5cm; 10 1/2in blade £350-450 49 A SOUTH INDIAN DAGGER (KATAR), 18TH CENTURY with very slender blade, steel hilt comprising a pair of shaped panels extending over the lower portion of the blade, a pair of pierced side panels, and moulded grip bars 34.2cm; 13 1/2in blade £200-300


50 A FINE INDIAN SPEAR, 18TH CENTURY with sharply tapering blade of hollow-diamond section formed with a reinforced tip, decorated on each side of the forte with silver damascened conventional foliage in a fan pattern, tapering socket decorated with silver scrolls of foliage en suite, on its wooden haft applied with paper decorated with a spiralling polychromatic pattern, iron shoe matching the head, and complete with its fabric-covered wooden scabbard with iron locket and chape damascened with silver en suite with the blade (areas of wear, the chape missing a small portion at the base) 53.5cm; 21 1/8in head ÂŁ1500-2500

50

21


51 TWO INDIAN SPEARS, LATE 18TH/EARLY 19TH CENTURY each with leaf-shaped blade formed with a wavy edge, decorated on each side in brass with scrolls of foliage and flowers (small losses), faceted socket, a pair of short straps, and each on a later haft with later tassel 57.5cm; 22 3/4in heads (2) Provenance Canons Ashby, Northamptonshire £400-600 52 AN UNUSUAL SPEAR WITH CARVED SCABBARD, INDIAN OR SOUTHEAST ASIAN, 19TH CENTURY with pattern welded leaf-shaped blade, cut with a brief inscription on one face, moulded at the base, and long tapering tang, in its wooden scabbard carved with a monstrous mask, perhaps a deity, on each face, decorated with red, yellow and black pigment (repaired, small losses) 22cm; 8 5/8in blade ‡ £200-300

51

52

22


57

53

54

55

56

53 AN AFGHAN DAGGER (PESH-KABZ), LATE 18TH/19TH CENTURY with sharply tapering reinforced blade of watered steel, decorated with gold koftgari flowers around the hilt, and fitted with a pair of ivory grip-scales retained by two pairs of brass rivets (small cracks) 32.5cm; 12 3/4in blade

56 AN INDO-PERSIAN DAGGER (PESH KABZ) FORMED ENTIRELY OF STEEL, 19TH CENTURY with slightly curved blade of T-section, incised with scrolls and foliage (previously encrusted with gold) at the forte, hilt of characteristic form with slightly beaked pommel, and faceted button 26.7cm; 10 1/2in blade

£800-1000

‡ £250-300

54 AN INDO-PERSIAN DAGGER (PESH-KABZ), 19TH CENTURY with recurved reinforced blade of watered steel, chiselled with a shaped panel of scrollwork on either side of the forte (cleaned), shaped ivory grip (small repairs), the tang with a pierced loop for suspension, in a later fabric covered scabbard 26cm; 10 1/4in blade

57 A SMALL GREEK KNIFE, DATED 1906 with single-edged blade engraved with a scroll of foliage on each side and dated in both calendars, silver hilt including eared pommel, decorated over its surface with niello scrolls of foliage, in its leather scabbard 15.3cm; 6in blade £150-250

£700-800 55 AN OTTOMAN DAGGER (KARD), PERSIA, 19TH CENTURY with fullered blade double-edged towards the tip, incised with designs of scrollwork on each side, silver hilt comprising ferrule decorated with foliage, and mottled green stone grip (restored) rising to a beaked pommel retained by a silver flowerhead washer 25.5cm; 10in blade £500-700 23


58 AN OTTOMAN SILVER-MOUNTED YATAGHAN, TURKEY, 19TH CENTURY with slightly recurved single-edged blade cut with a long fuller along the back-edge on each side, silver hilt extending over the forte with a pair of shaped panels and incorporating a small eared pommel, decorated over its surface with nielloed patterns of scrolling foliage enriched with parcel gilt, in a parcel gilt silver scabbard embossed with foliage, scrolls and marine trophies 47.5cm; 18 3/4in blade £600-800 59 AN OTTOMAN SILVER-MOUNTED SHORTSWORD (YATAGHAN), TURKEY, 19TH CENTURY with slightly curved single-edged blade with later silver decoration on each side, iron hilt decorated en suite and a pair of horn grip-scales (chipped) rising to an eared pommel, in a contemporary wooden scabbard with large silver mounts embossed with flowers and foliage 60cm; 23 3/4in blade £300-500 60 AN INDIAN SWORD (TALWAR), AN AFGHAN DAGGER (PESH-KABZ) AND A BHUTANESE DAGGER, 19TH CENTURY the first with curved blade double-edged towards the tip, and rudimentary brass hilt of characteristic form; the second with slightly recurved reinforced blade, steel hilt (one half of the lower portion missing), and a pair of polished horn grip-scales; and the third with single-edged blade, white metal hilt, in its white metal scabbard the first: 80.5cm; 31 3/4in blade (3) £100-150

58

59

24


61 AN OTTOMAN BALKAN SILVER-MOUNTED SHORTSWORD (YATAGHAN), SECOND QUARTER OF THE 19TH CENTURY with slightly curved single-edged blade cut with a slender fuller along the back-edge on each side (pitted), decorated with silver inlaid scrolls and a brief inscription on the respective faces, silver hilt of characteristic form extending over the forte (losses and repairs), decorated over its surface with a framework of plaited designs and beadwork enriched with red stones, large eared pommel, decorated with a beadwork flower centring on a red stone on each side, in its leathercovered wooden scabbard with large matching silver mounts 54cm; 21 1/4in blade ‡ £1000-1400 62 AN OTTOMAN SILVER-MOUNTED SWORD (YATAGHAN), TURKEY, 19TH CENTURY with slightly curved single-edged blade decorated in inlaid silver with scrollwork and brief inscriptions, parcel gilt silver hilt chased with beadwork and flowers (small repairs), ivory gripscales rising to an eared pommel (one grip cracked), in an associated leather-covered wooden scabbard with large silver mounts decorated with scrolling foliage, beadwork and scale pattern 58.5cm; 23in blade £1000-1500 63 AN OTTOMAN SILVER-MOUNTED SWORD (YATAGHAN), TURKEY, FIRST HALF OF THE 19TH CENTURY with slightly curved single-edged blade struck with a cartouche-shaped bladesmith’s mark on one side, silver hilt chased with rococo scrolls and flowers in low relief, extending over the forte (small losses), and rising to an eared pommel, in its silver scabbard chased en suite with the hilt with scrolls, bouquets and flowers in relief, the basal terminal pierced with an openwork bouquet and with two small loops for suspension 47cm; 19 1/2in blade

63

‡ £650-750

62

61 25


64

65

64 AN INDIAN SWORD (TALWAR), LATE 18TH/EARLY 19TH CENTURY with curved fullered blade double-edged towards the point, retaining traces of an engraved pattern involving exotic beasts on each side, watered steel hilt retained by a steel rivet over a silver foliate washer on each side, comprising a pair of langets with pierced shaped terminals, lobated quillons chiselled en suite, integral grip with raised slender ribs, and large disc pommel decorated with a matching border, in a contemporary leather-covered wooden scabbard (in two pieces), with large silver mounts comprising chape with drag, locket and middle band, the latter two each with a ring for suspension 81cm; 32in blade ‡ £500-700 65 AN INDIAN SWORD (FIRANGI), LATE 17TH/18TH CENTURY with broad blade swelling towards the tip, double-edged for its last portion and later etched in imitation of watering, steel hilt extending over the forte and with a pair of additional pierced shaped panels, broad figure-of-eight shaped guard extending up to form the knuckle-guard, characteristic pommel with pronounced attenuated button, retaining traces of silver plating, and leather-covered grip 73cm; 28 3/4in blade ‡ £350-450

66

66 AN INDIAN TALWAR, 19TH CENTURY with European curved blade double-edged towards the point, stamped on one side with a double eye lash mark, steel hilt of characteristic form including shaped langets, quillons swelling towards the terminals and disc pommel, decorated over its surface in silver koftgari with a central bouquet on each face of the grip, and further foliate borders (losses) 70cm; 27 1/2in blade ‡ £200-300 67 AN UNUSUAL INDIAN SWORD, 19TH CENTURY with wavy fullered blade, steel hilt of khanjar form, comprising a short pair of langets and beaked pommel, and decorated on each face with a pattern of silver foliage against a punched ground 62cm; 24 1/2in blade ‡ £200-250 68 AN INDIAN TALWAR, 19TH CENTURY with curved blade double-edged towards the point, later etched in imitation of watered pattern on each face, steel hilt of characteristic form including quillons with flat button-shaped terminals and large disc pommel, retaining traces of gold koftgari decoration over its surface, and integral grip decorated en suite 84.5cm; 33 1/4in blade ‡ £200-300

26

67


69

69 AN INDIAN SWORD (SHAMSHIR), 17TH CENTURY with curved single-edged blade with later etched patterns in imitation of watering, steel hilt comprising a pair of straight quillons with pierced scrolling terminals, a pair of langets pierced en suite, integral faceted grip rising to an angular pommel, and retaining traces of gold koftgari ornament, in its fabric-covered wooden scabbard with steel middle band and chape, each decorated en suite with the hilt (worn, one band replaced with early silver braid) 77.5cm; 30 1/2in blade A sword of related form is preserved in the Furusiyya Art Foundation Collection. See B. Mohammed 2007, p.92, no. 56.

70

71

71 A TURKISH SILVER-MOUNTED SWORD (SHAMSHIR), EARLY 19TH CENTURY with associated curved single-edged blade with later silver decoration and calligraphy, silver hilt comprising engraved cross-guard with bud-shaped terminals, the langets struck with a mark (rubbed) on one side, and horn grip-scales rising to a bulbous pommel (washers missing), in a contemporary leathercovered wooden scabbard with large silver mounts embossed with trophies 79cm; 31 1/8in blade £500-700

‡ £600-800 70 AN OTTOMAN SILVER-ENCRUSTED WAR HAMMER (DJOKAN), TURKEY, LATE 17TH CENTURY with slightly rounded octagonal hammer face, curved rear fluke, decorated over the greater part of its surface with encrusted silver pellets, tulip flowers, foliage and cartouches (small losses, rubbed), on a later wooden haft A Djokan decorated in a similar manner is illustrated in H. Ricketts and P. Missillier 1988, p.35, no. 37. £700-1000

27


72 AN INDO-PERSIAN HELMET (KULAH KHUD), 19TH CENTURY with hemispherical skull, etched over much of its outer surface with designs of scrolling foliage enclosing shaped vacant rondels previously enriched with gold koftgari, fitted with two slender plume-holders at the front, central spike (slightly bent in profile), and mail neck-defence of butted links (sliding nasal and staple missing) 27.5cm; 10 7/8in high ‡ £250-350

72

73 AN INDO-PERSIAN SHIELD (DHAL), 19TH CENTURY of low domed form, the outer surface decorated with foliate borders enclosing calligraphic panels, the latter enriched with silver koftgari, the centre pierced with elaborate patterns of scrolls and calligraphic panels all enriched with gold koftgari, backed by coloured panels and enriched with brass studs, fitted with four shaped domed bosses corresponding with rings for enarmes (now missing, koftgari rubbed), and the rim enclosed by a brass band 46.5cm; 18 1/4in diameter ‡ £800-1000 74 AN INDO-PERSIAN SHIELD (DHAL), 19TH CENTURY of low domed form, the outer surface profusely etched with numerous calligraphic panels, hunting scenes, courtly figures in traditional dress and foliage within a shaped linear framework and enriched with silver and gold koftgari (rubbed), fitted with three shaped domed bosses (one missing) corresponding with rings for enarmes, and the interior retaining a portion of an early lining and enarmes 46.5cm; 18 1/4in diameter ‡ £600-800

73

75 AN INDIAN DECORATED SHIELD (DHAL), 19TH CENTURY of low convex form, decorated over the greater part of its outer surface with gold koftgari foliage and scrollwork panels, applied with brass tendrils carrying pierced shaped leaves, fitted with four parcel gilt bosses, the inner face with its patterned fabric lining and red pad, four steel rings and patterned enarmes (small losses) 23cm; 9in diameter ‡ £600-800

75 74 28


76 AN INDO-PERSIAN SHIELD (DHAL), 19TH CENTURY of low domed form, the outer surface decorated in silver koftagri with linear and foliate borders enclosing a calligraphic band, the centre decorated with etched figures in traditional dress and shaped panels filled with gold koftagri foliage, fitted with four shaped domed bosses corresponding with rings for enarmes (now missing, koftgari rubbed), and the rim enclosed by a brass band 47cm; 18 1/2in diameter ‡ £600-800 77 AN INDIAN DECORATED SHIELD (DHAL), 19TH CENTURY of low convex form, decorated over the greater part of its outer surface with etched designs of figures in traditional dress divided by a large star device centring on a mask, the border with calligraphic panels and foliage, all enriched with silver and gold koftgari, fitted with four bosses, and the inner face with provision for enarmes (missing) 47cm; 18 1/2in diameter

76

£500-600 78 AN INDO-PERSIAN HIDE SHIELD (DHAL), 19TH CENTURY of low convex form, the outer face painted red and decorated in gold with a broad band of flowers, chevron and conventional foliage, the centre with a matching rondel, fitted with four tall bosses, the interior painted en suite and fitted with a leather pad, four iron rings and enarmes 28cm; 11in diameter ‡ £200-300 79 A COPPER HELMET IN OTTOMAN TURKISH 16TH CENTURY STYLE, MODERN probably for the quincentennial celebration of Mehmet II’s victory in Constantinople on 29th May 1453, decorated with two horizontal bands of strapwork and foliage, fitted with cheek-pieces, peak, and neck defence, and the latter two embossed with floral rondels

77

34.2cm; 13 1/2in high £100-150

78

29


80 TWO INDIAN BOWS AND AN ARROW, 19TH CENTURY the first of horn and sinew, the outer surface partially applied with snake skin, and paper decorated with flowers, and retaining an early string (losses); the second of horn and sinew, painted with traditional motifs (worn); and the third with faceted steel tip, bamboo shaft and feather flight the first: 149cm; 58 3/4in high (3) £350-450 81 AN INDIAN BOW, 19TH CENTURY formed entirely of steel (cleaned) the upper and lower sections each swelling towards the centre, the inner face cut with two pairs of grooves, decorated at the top, bottom and in the centre with gold flowers on an applied silver ground (losses), fitted with a pair of wooden grips, and retaining a contemporary string 109.2cm; 43in overall ‡ £350-450

80

30

81


82 AN INDIAN SILVER-MOUNTED SHELL POWDER-FLASK, 19TH CENTURY of snail’s shell form, fitted with chased silver top decorated with a running pattern of flowers and foliage inhabited by birds against a punched ground, complete with its cap, chain, and fabric suspension 12.5cm; 5in high £700-1000 83 AN INDIAN BRASS PRIMING FLASK, LATE 18TH/EARLY 19TH CENTURY of characteristic horn shaped form, with bud finial, fitted with spring cut-off with a loop for suspension (small losses), decorated over the greater part of its surface in encrusted silver with a framework of foliage enclosing expanded flowerheads (rubbed) 13cm; 5 1/8in £200-300

82

84 AN INDIAN POWDER-FLASK, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 19TH CENTURY of turned wood covered with leather, the inner face stitched and fitted with a pair of loops for suspension, the outer with a central steel boss, four smaller bosses and numerous studs arranged in a radiating pattern (small losses), steel nozzle with sliding cut-off, and an early leather suspension band 25cm; 9 7/8in high A similar flask decorated with the arms of the East Indian Company is illustrated, A. C. Tirri 2003 p. 262, fig. 187E. £200-300

83

84

31


85 TWO OTTOMAN RAMRODS AND A POWDER-FLASK, BALKAN, 19TH CENTURY the first with moulded body decorated with a spiralling pattern of brass lines, concealed stiletto, and the handle decorated with a nielloed and gilt pattern of leafy panels; the second with concealed long tweezers and faceted brass handle; the third of embroidered leather, with turned bone nozzle and retaining a portion of its leather suspensions the first: 48.5cm; 19 1/8in (3) £300-400

85

86 A CARVED FLASK, PROBABLY INDIAN 19TH CENTURY of flattened pear-shaped form, the inner face incised with geometric patterns and incised ‘1711’, the outer face finely carved with further elaborate geometric designs including a stylised lotus flower at the top, fitted with a pair of pierced mounts for suspension, long spout and turned stopper 24.7cm; 9 3/4in high ‡ £250-300 87 TWO INDIAN PRIMING FLASKS, 18TH CENTURY the first formed entirely of steel, of characteristic horn shaped form, fitted with pierced basal cap, spring lever cut-off and a pair of tabs for suspension, all decorated with a matching pierced design; the second of hardwood, of flattened bag-shaped form, inlaid with a pattern of twisted brass wire around the border, moulded brass basal cap, and brass globular cap the first:13cm; 5 1/8in (2) £200-300

86

32

87


88

89

88 A RARE ARAB BANDOLIER, MID-19TH CENTURY with sixteen brass charge holders, each with engraved top, pierced finial, fitted with a fabric stopper at the base retained by red thread, and long brass chain at the front (two charge holders missing, in its leather carrier, decorated with a band of red fabric (losses, worn) and retaining two buckles at one end 35/5cm; 14in long

89 AN OTTOMAN SILVER GILT CARTOUCHE BOX, TURKEY, LATE 18TH/EARLY 19TH CENTURY of slightly curved rectangular form, with two compartments, the outer face decorated with a border of scrolling foliage, fitted with matching lid with moulded border, and a pair of belt loops 15.2cm; 6in wide

‡ £300-400

£250-300

33


90

91

92

90 A 20 BORE ALBANIAN MIQUELET-LOCK MUSKET, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 19TH CENTURY with long octagonal sighted barrel retained by four engraved brass bands, formed with a vase-shaped muzzle, stamped with a brief inscription and a maker’s mark at the breech, engraved tang, engraved lock with external mainspring, hardwood full stock almost entirely encased in engraved and pierced steel plaques with foliate borders, very slender butt of characteristic form engraved with scrolling foliage enclosing flowerheads, decorated on each side with a stylised eagle in encrusted silver, steel trigger-guard decorated with a further eagle in silver, a pair of sling swivels, and with its steel ramrod 139cm; 54 3/4in barrel ‡ £450-550

91 A 28 BORE CAUCASIAN MIQUELET-LOCK RIFLE, LATE 18TH/EARLY 19TH CENTURY with octagonal etched twist sighted barrel rifled with seven grooves, retained by four plain white metal bands and encrusted with a broad band of gold flowers and foliage at the breech and muzzle, standing back-sight, matching tang, characteristic lock encrusted with gold scrolls and with a brief inscription, probably the date beneath (the gold rubbed throughout and with small losses), fluted bud-shaped trigger, full stock, rounded butt formed of two sections, applied with a plain white metal plaque about the tang, inset with three star and crescent motifs and a single white metal band, horn barrel bolt escutcheons, and horn fore-end cap (ramrod missing, losses) 89.2cm; 35 1/4in barrel ‡ £900-1200 92 A 20 BORE INDO-ARAB MATCHLOCK GUN, 19TH CENTURY with European tapering octagonal sighted barrel retained by eight white metal and two steel bands, stamped ‘Laz...Cominazzo’ (obscured by the breech band) over the breech, integral pan with pivot-cover, iron serpentine, full stock applied with brass washers (losses), the action enclosed by an embossed brass plaque, the butt fitted with a characteristic pronounced cap, a single ring for a sling swivel (the other missing), and with its steel ramrod 130cm; 51 1/4in barrel £200-300

34


93

94

95

93 A 14 BORE INDIAN MATCHLOCK MUSKET, EARLY 19TH CENTURY with swamped sighted barrel formed with a vase-shaped muzzle and strongly formed breech with integral pan and pivotcover, all with traces of gilding, the action enclosed by shaped steel panels retained by rivets with fluted silver washers (one missing), iron serpentine and shaped trigger, red stained full stock (fore-end chipped) with slightly curved butt and steel ramrod 102cm; 40 1/8in barrel

95 A 32 BORE INDIAN (SIND) PERCUSSION GUN, 19TH CENTURY, converted from flintlock, with octagonal sighted barrel retained by four engraved brass bands, engraved lock, three-quarter stock with characteristic pronounced hooked butt, applied with a large engraved brass plaque about the tang, a rondel opposite the lock, and further engraved brass plaques, steel trigger-guard, two sling swivels, and steel ramrod 88.5cm; 34 7/8in barrel ‡ £200-300

£400-600 94 A 32 BORE INDIAN (SIND) MATCHLOCK GUN, 19TH CENTURY, with swamped sighted barrel retained by five shaped brass bands, one enclosing the back-sight, integral pan, full stock incorporating the serpentine and lever trigger, characteristic pronounced hooked butt fitted with brass pricker holder on the right (pricker missing), brass rear sling swivel (the forward missing), and steel ramrod 110.5cm; 43 1/2in barrel £200-300 35


96

97

96 AN OTTOMAN FLINTLOCK BLUNDERBUSS, TURKEY, LATE 18TH/19TH CENTURY with two-stage steel barrel swelling towards the muzzle, chiselled over the greater part of its surface with scrolls filled with foliage inhabited by exotic birds, grooved tang, chiselled stepped lock with brass pan, full stock carved with a trellis pattern enriched with white metal nails over the fore-end and the grip (rubbed, small chips and repairs), inset with a shaped brass rondel decorated with trophies on each side of the butt, brass mounts decorated en suite, white metal ramrod-pipes, and later ramrod 39cm; 15 3/8in barrel

98 AN 18 BORE NORTH AFRICAN SNAPHAUNCE GUN, MOROCCO, 19TH CENTURY with tapering sighted barrel moulded at the muzzle and retained by numerous bands of engraved silver, brass and wire, russet lock of characteristic form, hardwood full stock overlaid with plaques of engraved steel, silver and brass (losses), characteristic butt applied with a nielloed silver plaque on either side, and studded with numerous silver-capped iron nails, trigger-guard set with a coloured stone, two further coloured pastes opposite the lock and steel ramrod (worn throughout) 121cm; 47 5/8in barrel

£800-1000

£150-250

97 A .650 CALIBRE BELGIAN FLINTLOCK CAVALRY CARBINE FOR THE TURKISH MARKET, CIRCA 1820 with sighted barrel retained by a single brass band and struck with Liège proof mark at the breech, rounded lock with a star and crescent and further marks, regulation walnut stock recessed for the cheek on the left of the butt and stamped with the maker’s details on the right (indistinct), and regulation mounts including steel saddle bar with ring, and no provision for a ramrod 50cm; 19 3/4in barrel ‡ £250-350

36


99

100

99 A 40 BORE INDIAN SILVER-MOUNTED MATCHLOCK GUN FOR A BOY, LATE 18TH/EARLY 19TH CENTURY with swamped sighted barrel retained by two slender silver bands, enriched with gilding around the muzzle, integral pan fitted with gilt pivot cover, gilt back-sight and tang (the gilding extensively worn), the tang struck with a gold-lined barrelsmith’s mark, pierced steel serpentine, pierced brass trigger, the action enclosed by a large silver panel with shaped terminals on each side, full stock carved with fluting behind the tang and a moulding ahead of the action, applied with shaped silver plaques about the trigger (the forward portion loose) and the serpentine, silver butt-cap, and a silver sling swivel (the other missing), with its steel ramrod 59cm; 23 1/4in barrel ‡ £400-600

100 A RARE 50 BORE INDIAN COMBINED PERCUSSION WALKING STICK AND DAGGER, CIRCA 1835 with tapering barrel decorated in silver koftgari over its outer surface with a spiralling pattern of scrolls and foliage divided by flowerheads, fitted with matching threaded muzzle cap incorporating a ramrod and an additional robust spike of diamond-section, the breech decorated en suite, curved butt with engraved brass fittings, enclosed action with folding trigger (defective, fitted with a pair of steel grips decorated in silver koftgari with a dense pattern of scrolling foliage, the butt with folding brass cap pommel, and the spine with an additional trap with engraved cover 93.5cm; 36 7/8in overall For another example, now preserved in the Tareq Rajab Museum, Kuwait, see R. Elgood 1995, pp.142-143. ‡ £800-1000

37


101 A FINE PAIR OF 20 BORE SILVER-MOUNTED FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOLS FOR PRESENTATION TO A POTENTATE, CIRCA 1830 in the English taste, with swamped barrels formed in three stages, engraved and inlaid in gold with a sunburst behind the muzzles, lines over the medians, foliage, flowers and strapwork over the breeches, matching tangs, stepped bolted locks engraved and gilt en suite with the breeches, fitted with rainproof pans, rollers and ‘French’ cocks, and matching top-jaws and steels, full stocks profusely inlaid in silver with scrolling leafy tendrils and flowers, full silver mounts cast, chased and parcel gilt with flowers and leafy scrolls in low relief against a matted ground, comprising shaped solid side-plates, spurred pommels, trigger-guards, a pair of ramrod-pipes, and escutcheons, engraved barrel bolt escutcheons, and original silver-tipped ramrods 22.8cm; 9in barrels (2) £12000-18000

38


39


102

103

102 A PAIR OF 18 BORE OTTOMAN SILVER-MOUNTED FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOLS, TURKEY, EARLY 19TH CENTURY each with tapering barrel formed with a short flat, moulded at the breech and retained by a large silver muzzle band chased with scrolls, foliage and a small shell, plain tangs, rounded locks signed in imitation of a European maker, carved full stocks decorated with scrolls and stylised trophies, the butts enriched with silver wire scrolls and pellets (losses), silver mounts including spurred pommels chiselled with foliage and with lion mask caps, and pierced scrollwork side-plates, engraved steel trigger-guards, silver ramrod-pipes, and simulated ramrods (small losses) 36cm; 14 1/4in barrels (2) ‡ £1500-2000 40

103 A PAIR OF 22 BORE OTTOMAN FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOLS, 19TH CENTURY, ALBANIA OR TURKEY each with tapering barrel incised with scrolls and a long drawnout linear panel on the flats, bevelled locks en suite, full stocks carved in low relief, brass mounts including spurred faceted pommels, moulded ramrod-pipes and simulated ramrod 29.5cm; 11 5/8in barrels (2) Pistols of this type were made for export from Albania to Egypt, see R. Elgood 2009, p. 189. £500-700


104 A PAIR OF 20 BORE OTTOMAN BALKAN SILVER-GILT MOUNTED FLINTLOCK HOLSTER (KUBUR) PISTOLS, LATE 18TH/EARLY 19TH CENTURY, PROBABLY GREEK each with tapering barrel formed in three stages, chiselled with foliage over the breech, retained by a large silver gilt muzzle band repoussé with scrolls, bevelled lock chiselled with scrolling foliage, full stocks entirely encased in repoussé panels of silver gilt decorated with patterns of tight scrollwork, the grips bound with plaited silver wire, silver pommels engraved with foliage and with further repoussé, one trigger-guard decorated en suite (the other replaced), and simulated ramrods 27.5cm; 10 7/8in barrels (2) A related pair of pistols are illustrated in the portrait of Ali Pashar of Jannina, North West Greece after a sketch by L. Dupré dated 1819. See R. Elgood 1995 pp. 98-99. ‡ £3000-4000

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106

107

105 A 22 BORE CAUCASIAN MIQUELET-LOCK HOLSTER PISTOL, 19TH CENTURY with tapering barrel retained by a broad nielloed silver and gilt filigree sheath embossed in imitation of three separate barrel bands, characteristic lock struck with a brass-lined maker’s mark, trigger decorated with gilt, niello and beadwork, wooden full stock entirely encased in gilt and nielloed silver en suite with the barrel band, large ball butt decorated en suite and set with four bosses matching the trigger and a further boss fitted with a ring for suspension, and imitation ramrod 36cm; 14 1/4in barrel £2500-3000 106 A 20 BORE BALKAN FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOL, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 19TH CENTURY, PROBABLY BOKA KOTORSKA, IONNINA, OR JANNINA with two-stage barrel retained by a nielloed silver muzzle band, fluted over the breech and stamped with two marks, the tang overlaid with a nielloed silver panel decorated with foliage and incorporating the back-sight, stepped lock, full stock encased with nielloed silver against a punched ground, decorated with a running pattern of flowers and foliage over the fore-end, a bouquet of flowers ahead of the trigger-guard, the butt

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decorated with further bouquets and foliage, trigger-guard decorated en suite, and slender simulated ramrod 23.5cm; 9 1/4in barrel This pistol is related to the group that were almost certainly made for the Greeks at the court of King Otto in the third decade of the 19th century as part of the Greek Romantic Revival following the War of Liberation. Another example is illustrated R. Elgood 1995, pp. 62-3, and another was sold in these rooms, 5th December 2012, lot 114. ‡ £1000-1500 107 AN 18 BORE GREEK FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOL, CIRCA 1820 with tapering barrel decorated with brass patterns at the breech (rubbed), retained by a silver muzzle band chased with flowers and foliage, engraved lock, silvered copper stock chased with scrolls and flowers over the greater part of its surface, the butt decorated with flowers, beadwork, and trophies, spirally moulded pommel (screws replaced), triggerguard decorated en suite and simulated ramrod 31cm; 12 1/4in barrel See R. Elgood 2009, p. 254, nos. 323-4. ‡ £600-800


108

108 A PAIR OF 18 BORE SILVER-MOUNTED MIQUELET-LOCK KUBUR PISTOLS, EARLY 19TH CENTURY, NORTHERN GREECE OR ALBANIA with tapering barrels inlaid with silver scrolls and a brief inscription over the breeches (losses) and retained by a silver muzzle band, the latter chased with traditional patterns of scrolls and incorporating the fore-sight, steel locks of characteristic form, the stocks encased in silver chased with scrolls and foliage, butts of so-called rat’s tail form, trigger-guards decorated with expanded flowerheads, and simulated ramrods (small chips) 34.5cm; 13 5/8in barrels (2) ‡ £2500-3500

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109

111

109 AN 18 BORE MIQUELET-LOCK KUBUR PISTOL, EARLY 19TH CENTURY, NORTHERN GREECE OR ALBANIA with tapering barrel retained by a silver muzzle band chased with traditional patterns of scrolls and incorporating the foresight, steel lock of characteristic form (trigger missing), the stock encased in silver chased with scrolls en suite with the muzzle band, butt of so-called rat’s tail form, and steel ramrod 31.5cm; 12 1/2in barrel ‡ £500-700

111 AN 18 BORE OTTOMAN FLINTLOCK LONG HOLSTER PISTOL, TURKEY, 19TH CENTURY with three-stage swamped barrel chiselled over the breech, rudimentary russet lock, full stock lightly carved with foliage, enriched with silver wire and pellets over the butt (small losses), white metal mounts including solid side-plate, spurred pommel, and trigger-guard, and associated wooden ramrod (worn) 36.5cm; 14 3/8in barrel ‡ £200-300

110 A 20 BORE OTTOMAN MIQUELET-LOCK HOLSTER PISTOL, EARLY 19TH CENTURY, ALBANIA OR TURKEY with tapering sighted barrel incised with scrolls at the breech, engraved lock (defective, originally fitted with flintlock), carved full stock (chips), brass mounts including spurred pommel and simulated ramrod 26.7cm; 10 1/2in barrel ‡ £100-200

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113

112

112 A CENTRAL AFRICAN DAGGER, PROBABLY MANGBETU TRIBE, LATE 19TH CENTURY with tapering leaf-shaped brass blade formed with an off-set groove on each face and waisted at the base, ivory grip retained by a recurved extension of the tang (the pommel with a small repair), in its tooled leather scabbard 18.5cm; 7 1/4in blade

113 AN AFRICAN (KUBA) DAGGER (IKUL), 19TH CENTURY with broad leaf-shaped blade formed with a medial rib, two recessed panels and cut with a running pattern of lines, and lightly carved hardwood grip (small cracks) of characteristic form 22cm; 8 3/4in blade £100-150

£200-300

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114 A FINE RUSSIAN HUSSAR OFFICER’S SABRE, CIRCA 1820 with curved blade double-edged towards the point, cut with a broad shallow fuller over the greater part of its length (small chips, areas of patination), retaining traces of watered pattern, etched and gilt with a framework of foliage enclosing an etched panel filled with a trophy-of-arms and a further gilt trophy-ofarms on each face at the forte, the back-edge etched and gilt with a running pattern of foliage and inscribed ‘Solingen’, giltbrass triple-bar hilt engraved with foliage on the two outer bars, a pair of elliptical langets, quillon, knuckle-guard, and the backstrap rising to formed a maned lionshead pommel, fishskin-covered grip, in its original blued-steel scabbard (areas of rust and pitting), with gilt brass locket, chape and a pair of bands with rings for suspension, the two bands and the chape each decorated with a large expanded flowerhead 85.5cm; 33 3/4in blade £3000-4000

114

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115 AN 18 BORE RUSSIAN SILVER-MOUNTED LONG FLINTLOCK SPORTING GUN, CIRCA 1820-30 with two-stage sighted barrel encrusted with gold scrolls and foliage about the fore-sight, over the median and the breech, the tang encrusted with gold en suite, bevelled lock encrusted with gold scrolls and foliage within a linear frame, fitted with cock chiselled with a scroll behind the comb, semi-rainproof pan and roller, figured walnut half-stock carved with a panel of chequering over the fore-end and the grip, inlaid with silver wire scrolls and pellets, the butt inlaid en suite and carved with a stylised monsterhead in the round beneath, silver mounts comprising moulded trigger-guard with shaped foliate terminal, butt-plate with shaped tang, pierced scrolling sideplate, small oval escutcheon and rear ramrod-pipe all encrusted with gold scrollwork and foliage, silver barrel bolt escutcheons, a pair of forward ramrod-pipes, and fore-end cap (the gold and the stock rubbed throughout, the inlay with lifting and losses) 113cm; 44 1/2in barrel The decoration on the barrel and mounts is related to the work encountered on Tula firearms. The production of luxury arms in this centre ceased in the early 19th century and resumed again around 1830. See J. F. Hayward 1963, pp. 268-270. ‥ £2000-3000

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European and American Edged Weapons 116 A SOUTH EAST EUROPEAN BRONZE SWORD BLADE, 2000-1500 B.C. AND A SPEARHEAD 1000-600 B.C. in excavated condition, the first with sharply tapering blade formed with a full length medial rib and pierced on each side of the forte for the hilt; the second with leaf-shaped blade formed with a near full length ridge on each face, incised with a series of lines, and tapering socket (cracked) chiselled with elongated leaf panels the first: 25cm; 9 7/8in blade (2) £600-800

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117 117 TWO RARE IRON AGE SWORDS, 5TH/1ST CENTURY B.C., PROBABLY LA TENE CULTURE in excavated condition, each of leaf-shaped form, of slightly hollow-diamond section (chips, small holes), rounded shoulders, and long tapering tang 76.5cm; 30 1/8in and 77cm; 30 3/8in overall (2) £1000-1500


118

118 A GERMAN BACKSWORD, CIRCA 1500-20, PROBABLY LOW GERMAN in excavated condition, with tapering blade double-edged and of flattened-diamond section for the last quarter, steel hilt comprising a pair of slightly down-curved moulded quillons with flattened mushroom-shaped terminals, outer ring-guard, moulded knuckle-guard, and pommel en suite with the quillons, and retaining some early gilding throughout 76.5cm; 30 1/8in blade

The form of the pommel and the style of decoration are reminiscent of German “Landsknecht” swords and daggers of the first half of the sixteenth century. The pommel is similar to the dagger of Duke Heinrich the Younger of Brunswick, now preserved in the Historisches Museum, Dresden. See H. Seitz 1965 p. 370, fig. 276 and pl. IX. £3000-5000

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119 A SWORD IN 12TH CENTURY STYLE with broad tapering near flat blade cut with a full length fuller on each face, inlaid with a copper cross potent (incomplete) on one side, iron hilt comprising straight cross-piece and ‘brazil nut’ pommel, and in heavily pitted, perhaps excavated condition, throughout 80.5cm; 31 3/4in blade £700-900

119

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120

120 A DAGGER IN SWISS 16TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY with broad double-edged blade etched in imitation of Damascus pattern on each side, brass hilt comprising a pair of short robust quillons and smaller matching pommel, hardwood grip, in its wood-lined openwork brass scabbard decorated on the outer face with figures in contemporary dress including a crossbow man confronted by a Burgher, the pommel decorated with a mask, and the interior with loops for suspension 23cm; 9 1/8in blade £800-1200 121 A COMPOSITE LEFT-HAND DAGGER, 17TH CENTURY with tapering blade of flattened-diamond section, rectangular ricasso, steel hilt comprising a pair of drooping quillons, large outer ring-guard, faceted mushroom-shaped pommel, and spirally carved wooden grip with ‘Turk’s heads’ 27cm; 10 5/8in blade

121

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122 A RONDEL DAGGER IN 15TH CENTURY STYLE, LATE 19TH/20TH CENTURY with robust tapering blade of cruciform section, steel hilt comprising disc-guard, swelling grip and ovoid pommel, chiselled and engraved throughout with leafy foliage, strapwork and flowers, in its scabbard decorated en suite, complete with a pair of rings for suspension 20.5cm; 8 1/8in blade £500-700 123 A QUILLON DAGGER IN LATE 16TH CENTURY STYLE with tapering blade formed with a scalloped back and doubleedged towards the point, stamped with an ‘M’ mark on one side, very short globular quillons, rounded cap pommel, and tapering wooden grip 20.3cm; 8in blade £350-450

£700-900 51


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124 A SWEPT HILT RAPIER WITH FINE GERMAN LATE 16TH/EARLY 17TH CENTURY BLADE with tapering double-edged blade stamped ‘Hanss Aollich’ twice between a cross and orb mark within a full length fuller on each face, border-engraved ricasso struck on one side with the bladesmith’s mark, a Turk’s head, associated blackened hilt of rounded bars, including a pair of straight quillons swelling towards the terminals, a pair of arms, outer ring guard joined to one arm by a diagonal bar, knuckle-guard and trifurcated inner-guard, fluted plummet-shaped pommel (restorations), and the grip bound with plaited wire between ‘Turk’s heads’ 101cm; 39 3/4in blade Hans Ollich is recorded during the late 16th/early 17th Century. For a discussion of this bladesmith see A. Weyersberg 1926, pp. 39-40. £3000-4000 125 A NORTH EUROPEAN BASKET-HILTED MILITARY BACKSWORD, LATE 16TH CENTURY with later broad blade double-edged towards the point, cut with three long narrow fullers on each face and etched with celestial motifs at the forte, steel basket-hilt of characteristic form, comprising a pair of vertically recurved quillons with pronounced terminals each formed as a mulberry, symmetrical basket-guard formed of a pair of saltires each joined at the 52

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base by a scrolling bar and divided by the knuckle-guard, basal plate pierced with two pairs of holes, knuckle-guard, and mushroom-shaped pommel decorated en suite with the quillons and engraved with an expanded flowerhead on the top, and early fishskin-covered wooden grip (losses) bound with plaited wire 88.2cm; 34 3/4in blade Hilts of this form are associated with both North Germany and Scandinavia. See A.V.B. Norman 1980, p. 149. £1000-1500 126 AN ITALIAN BACKSWORD, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY with tapering blade double-edged towards the point, cut with three near full-length fullers over the greater part of its length on each face, steel hilt of flattened rounded bars, comprising a pair of forward curled quillons (one with a brazed repair), écusson, a pair of arms joined at the base by an outer ringguard, knuckle-guard, and flattened disc-shaped pommel (inner-guard and grip missing, pitted throughout) 97.7cm; 38 1/2in blade A rapier with a hilt of related type is preserved in the Schweizerisches Landesmuseum, Zurich. See H. Schneider and K. Stüber 1980, cat. no. 143. £1000-1500


127 AN IVORY-MOUNTED HUNTING SWORD, MID-19TH CENTURY, POSSIBLY SPANISH with straight blade cut with two long fullers and etched with elaborate designs of foliage on each face, steel hilt formed of a pair of broad strongly drooping pierced quillons etched en suite with the forte, fitted on the reverse with a sprung clip for retaining the scabbard, carved ivory grip retained by a steel rivet over a gilt washer on one side and a shield shaped plaque charged in gold with the owner’s coat-of-arms beneath a fiveball coronet on the other, in its original steel scabbard etched at the top and the bottom with matching designs of flowers and foliage, and with a shaped belt hook 50.5cm; 19 7/8in blade £1000-1400 128 A SMALL SCANDINAVIAN DAGGER, 19TH CENTURY with robust blade, carved boxwood grip with white metal ferrule and pommel, in its matching scabbard with associated silver top mount 9cm; 3 1/2in blade £100-150 129 A ROBE SWORD WITH 17TH CENTURY BLADE with slender blade of flattened-diamond section, stamped ‘Sagu El Viego’ and ‘En Toledo’ within a short fuller on the respective faces, brass hilt including cup-guard with moulded brim, a pair of quillons, and globular pommel 94.5cm; 37 1/4in blade £80-120

127

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130 A SCOTTISH SILVER-MOUNTED DIRK, DATED 1857 with straight blade cut with a fuller along the scalloped backedge and stamped ‘Hodge Inverness’ on one side, engraved silver hilt comprising ferrule and cap pommel each decorated with traditional ornament, basket-weave grip enriched with silver nails, in its tooled leather scabbard decorated with revivalist designs, with silver mounts engraved en suite with the hilt, the locket dated and inscribed ‘ JHS to J.McPherson for Dress and Dancing’ and complete with its matching knife and fork (the silver parts rubbed throughout) 29.8cm; 11 5/8in blade £800-1000 131 A GEORGIAN DIRK, EARLY 19TH CENTURY with etched blade of flattened-diamond section, brass hilt comprising circular guard cast with foliage, and carved chequered ivory grip 20cm; 8in blade £300-400

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132 A FINE SCOTTISH REGIMENTAL SILVER-MOUNTED DIRK OF THE 92ND REGIMENT (GORDON HIGHLANDERS), CIRCA 1860 with etched blade, cut with a long fuller on each face and formed with a scalloped back-edge, decorated with scrolling foliage, crowned ‘VR’ cypher, Regimental device, the owner’s mirrored monogram beneath the crown of a Viscount, an elaborate trophy-of-arms, and Battle Honours comprising, Peninsula, Waterloo, Nive, Pyrenees, Fuentes D’Onor, Almaraz, Egmont-op-Zee, Mandora, Vittoria, Coruna, Orthes and Egypt, silver hilt cast and chased with thistle flowers and foliage in low relief, comprising ferrule, basket-weave bog oak grip enriched with silver nails, and openwork pommel set with a citrine, in its silver-mounted leather-covered scabbard with mounts chiselled in thistle bouquets in high relief, the locket with Sphinx over Egypt and number, and complete with its accompanying pieces en suite, unmarked 32.5cm; 12 3/4in blade ‡ £1500-2500


133

134

133 A MAGNIFICENT DIRK OF THE 71ST REGIMENT (HIGHLAND LIGHT INFANTRY) BY W. WEBB, 48 PICCADILLY CIRCA 1850 with fullered blade with scalloped back-edge, and etched with thistle decoration, VR cypher and regimental title, crowned bugle-horn with number 71 in the curl, a trophy-of-arms and battle honours Hindoostan, Cape of Good Hope, Roleia, Vimiera, Corunna, Fuentes d’Onor, Almaraz, Vittoria, Pyrenees, Nive, Orthes, Peninsula and Waterloo, owner’s monogram reversed and intertwined, studded bog-oak grip carved with basketwork weave and a Highland bonnet over crossed swords, the ferrule and citrine-set pommel both in gilt metal with thistle decoration in relief, in its leather-covered scabbard with gilt fittings, the locket mounted with crowned and numbered bugle-horn, the bands and chape with thistles, and complete with its accompanying pieces (the knife lacking its spring-clip, the fork with an old repair to pommel), the knife blade stamped ‘Wood & Co.’ 33.5cm; 13 1/2in blade

134 A FINE REGIMENTAL DIRK OF THE ARGYLL AND SUTHERLAND HIGHLANDERS, EDINBURGH SILVER HALLMARKS FOR 1902 with fullered blade with scalloped back edge, and etched with thistle decoration, one side with the coronet and cypher of Princess Louise, reversed and intertwined, Boars Head crest and motto Ne Obliviscaris, the other with similar cypher above the Cat and motto Sans Peur, carved and studded bog-oak grip, chased silver ferrule and citrine-set pommel, in its leathercovered scabbard with silver fittings, the locket mounted with Princess Louise’s cypher, the bands chased with the Boar’s Head and Cat respectively, complete with its accompanying pieces en suite 30.3cm; 12in blade ‡ £1500-2000

‡ £2000-2500

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135 AN OFFICER’S VICTORIAN CLAYMORE OF THE ROYAL SCOTS FUSILIERS BY WILKINSON CIRCA 1893 with regulation double-edged central-fullered blade etched with thistle decoration, St Andrew, Regimental title and grenade, family crest and motto Vivescit Vulnere Virtus, a scroll inscribed ‘From Colonel GB Hobart RA 1893’, plated basketguard with scarlet felt liner and crimson tassel, wire-bound fishskin grip and screwmounted pommel, in its plated steel scabbard 84cm; 33in blade ‡ £800-1200

135 136 A VICTORIAN 1845 PATTERN INFANTRY OFFICER’S SWORD OF THE 31ST (THE HUNTINGDONSHIRE) REGIMENT OF FOOT, BY REEVES, BIRMINGHAM, CIRCA 1855-60 of regulation type, the blade etched with scrolling foliage, ‘VR’ crowned, the owner’s initials ‘JP’, crest, an arm proper gripping a poleaxe, and motto ‘Pro Deo et Rege’, Regimental details, Battle Honours comprising Talavera, Albuhera, Vittoria, Pyrenees, Nivelle, Nive, Peninsula, Cabool 1842, Moodkie, Ferozeshah, Aliwal, Sobraon, Sevastopol and the maker’s details, gilt-brass regulation hilt with cast and chiselled Royal cypher, finely chequered patent wooden grip, buff leather and bullion sword knot, in its blued steel scabbard with gilt-brass mounts (small losses), and in good to fine condition throughout 82.5cm; 32 1/2in blade ‡ £500-800 137 A MAMELUKE-HILTED OFFICER’S SWORD, MID-19TH CENTURY with curved blade double-edged towards the point, etched on each face with scrolling foliage and a panel of pseudo Turkish script, signed on one face at the forte ‘Firmin & Sons, 153 Strand, London’ gilt-brass mameluke hilt comprising a pair of quillons cast with foliage and a central flowerhead, back-strap and carved grips (small chips) retained by gilt-brass rivets over foliate washers 80cm; 31 1/2in blade ‡ £500-700 56

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138 A VICTORIAN INDIAN 1897 PATTERN INFANTRY OFFICER’S SWORD AND A VICTORIAN INDIAN LIGHT INFANTRY OFFICER’S SWORD the first with etched blade including the crowned Royal arms and cypher, nickel-plated hilt including VIR cypher, in its scabbard; and the second with etched blade similar to the last, and with ‘Solingen’ at the forte, steel gothic hilt including a strung bugle, in its steel-mounted leather scabbard the first: 83cm; 32 3.4in blade (2) £150-250 139 A BRITISH NAVAL HANGER, CIRCA 1775-85; A SUDANESE SWORD (KASKARA); A KUKRI KNIFE AND THREE BAYONETS the first with fullered regulation blade stamped ‘Harvey’, slotted brass hilt with two fouled anchors, lionhead pommel, and banded horn grip; the second with double-edged fullered blade stamped with a pair of celestial marks on each face, steel cross-piece and wooden grip (rusted), the third of characteristic form, in its scabbard (accompanying knives missing); the fourth a Chassepot bayonet (date obscured) and the fifth and sixth Turkish bayonets (without their scabbards) the first: 64.3cm; 25 3/8in blade (6) For the first see S. Comfort 2008, p.68-9. £300-350


144 143 140 A CONTINENTAL ARTILLERY SWORD AND AN AFRICAN SPEAR, LATE 19TH CENTURY the first with regulation fullered blade of French type, regulation nickel-plated hilt (bent) and banded horn grip, in its scabbard; and the second with leaf-shaped blade, bound with rattan at the base, on a short wooden haft the first: 75.5cm; 29 3/4in blade (2) £150-250 141 A FRENCH NAVAL SWORD, 19TH CENTURY with fullered blade by Coulaux, white metal hilt including shellguard applied with a fouled anchor, and wooden grip (binding missing), in its scabbard (surface rust) 83cm; 32 5/8in blade £100-150 142 TWO AUSTRIAN OFFICIAL’S SWORDS, CIRCA 1880 each with German blade, one etched, brass openwork hilts cast with the Imperial Arms, in their brass mounted scabbards with the Imperial cypher of Franz Joseph I (worn) 73cm; 28m 3/4in blade £300-500

Militaria 143 A VICTORIAN OFFICER’S HELMET OF THE HOUSEHOLD CAVALRY a good example, with silver-plated skull and gilt mounts, fine QVC plate flanked by oak and laurel sprays, mounted with a Garter Star in bright-cut white metal, gilt and enamel, nonregulation narrow tapered chin-chain on leather backing, secured by simple rose ornaments, red plume of the Royal Horse Guards with large gilt rose finial at top, roan leather internal headband with silk lining ‡ £1600-2400 144 A VICTORIAN OFFICER’S HELMET OF THE ROYAL HORSE GUARDS with silver-plated skull and gilt mounts, QVC plate flanked by oak and laurel sprays, mounted with a Garter Star in bright-cut white metal, gilt and enamel, wide chin-chain on velvet-edged leather backing, secured by rosettes, red plume with small white metal finial at top, roan leather internal headband (minor dents to skull and gilt on helmet-plate somewhat rubbed, upper rays of Star missing, knop of plume-spike damaged and internal bracket missing, causing incorrect plume fitting) ‡ £500-800

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147

145 AN INDIAN ARMY OFFICER’S FULL DRESS TUNIC OF THE 38TH DOGRA REGIMENT, CIRCA 1903 - 22 scarlet uniform with primrose cloth facings, gold lace and braid ornamentation of post-1902 infantry regulation style, the lace of “Vellum” pattern, gilt buttons mounted with regimental number within a crowned strap inscribed ‘DOGRAS’ (shouldercords missing, lining worn, slight moth damage to collar)

147 AN OFFICER’S HOT WEATHER UNIFORM AND OTHER ITEMS an unusual white drill Undress jacket, probably Victorian, edged all round with white flat braid traced with white Russia, similar braid edging to collar and pocket-flaps, and to backseam and sleeve ornaments, the Russia braid on the latter forming an Austrian knot above and a crowsfoot below; provision for five detachable buttons down front and three at each cuff (all buttons absent, detachable shoulder-cords also absent); together with a General Officer’s 1902 Pattern scarlet mess jacket and vest, the jacket with blue roll collar and cuffs, Major General’s embroidered badges to gold-laced blue shoulderstraps, the blue cloth waistcoat with four gilt mounted buttons (3)

£80-120 146 AN INDIAN ARMY OFFICER’S FINE FULL DRESS TUNIC OF THE 5TH MAHRATTA LIGHT INFANTRY, POST 1922 scarlet uniform with black cloth collar (one small moth hole to edging) and cuffs, gold lace and braid ornamentation of post1902 infantry regulation style, the lace of “Vellum” pattern, white metal bugle-horn collar-badges with numeral ‘5’ in the strings, gilt buttons with device as for collar-badges, twisted gold shoulder-cords bearing Major’s crowns. £100-150

£70-100 148 AN INDIAN ARMY OFFICER’S MESS DRESS OF THE 3RD/6TH RAJPUTANA RIFLES BY J. DEGE, CONDUIT ST, LONDON, CIRCA 1931 a black jacket with tailor’s label to Col. CH Nicholas 1931, scarlet upright collar and cuffs, edged with black mohair braid, five loops of black cord each side in front, with two olivets on each loop, black braid figured decoration to collar and cuffs, shoulder-cords of plaited black chain-gimp, bearing black metal rank-stars; companion black waistcoat, edged with two rows of black gimp separated by a row of black Russia braid eyes on scarlet backing; and two ceramic oriental masks (4) £100-150

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148 & 151 149 150 149 AN OFFICER’S VICTORIAN MESS DRESS OF THE 5TH DRAGOON GUARDS, CIRCA 1890-1902 a scarlet jacket with dark green velvet upright collar and cuffs, the jacket and cuffs edged with 1 1/2in Field Officer’s gold lace, gilt studs to front (moth damage to sleeves, stitching faults to lace on collar), plaited gold shoulder-cords (detached but present), with post-1901 rank-badges; companion green velvet waistcoat, also with gilt studs to front, edged with gold French braid and with ornate figured decoration in gold Russia; two pairs of 1 3/4in gold “Irish Wave” pattern lace stripes removed from trousers; and a fine frosted gilt rectangular waistbelt-plate of Dragoon Guards pattern, mounted with Victorian Royal Cypher and Motto within an oakleaf wreath, all in white metal (4)

151 AN OFFICER’S SHOULDER-BELT OF THE 7TH GURKHA RIFLES, CIRCA 1908 black leather belt with silver whistle, chains, lion’s head chainboss and plate (all hallmarked Joseph Jennens & Co, B’ham 1907/8); together with an unrelated black leather pouch, the flap edged with silver embroidery and bearing a small shield and crescent in gilt metal; and a belt formed of a strip of gold lace with an ornate white metal buckle and rectangular plate mounted with a lion within a crescent (3) £400-600

150 TWO PAGES’ MINIATURE UNIFORMS OF THE ARGYLL AND SUTHERLAND HIGHLANDERS two scarlet double-breasted short jackets with yellow collars, cuffs and shoulder-straps edged with braid forming “crescents”, regimental buttons and collar-badges; two pairs of “Government” tartan trews; two sets of white fabric tape forming waistbelts and shoulder-belts; two swords with 16inch blades, sheet metal guards and scabbards; two white shirts; one pair of black patent leather shoes with buckles; and an assortment of black socks and white gloves

152 ASSORTED ITEMS OF INDIAN ARMY INTEREST an Indian colonial silver hip-flask engraved with a bugle-horn, initials ‘SPMR’ and inscription ‘Arthur with best wishes from the Old and Bold, Madras 1940 - 45’; a small white metal statuette of an Indian Army soldier, on a wooden plinth mounted with metal badge of Queen Victoria’s Own Madras Sappers & Miners; a silver-plated domed cover for an entrée dish (lacking its handle); a wooden cigarette-box with carved dragons on lid, the interior carved with the badge of the 27th Lancers; and an inlaid wood folding frame, opening to display on one side 22 small portrait photographs of British Commanding Officers of the Madras Sappers & Miners and on the other side a key to the portraits and a photograph of the first Indian CO (5)

£100-150

£70-100

£250-350

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155 ANON. BENGAL MILITARY REGULATIONS 1795 leather bound, 449 pages, with supplement listing subscribers to the original publication

153 ASSORTED ITEMS OF INDIAN ARMY REGIMENTAL CHINA two large white saucers with blue rims, bearing QVC badge of the of the 2nd Punjab Infantry; a white plate (cracked) with scalloped and decorated rim, bearing the badge of the 19th Madras Native Infantry; a white plate with green and gold rim, with the badge of the 28th Madras Native Infantry and battle honours Mahidpoor, Nagpoor and Ava; a plain white soup-plate with badge and battle honours of the 4th Madras Light Cavalry; and a white warming-plate with blue rim and badge of the 107th Bengal Infantry (formerly 3rd Bengal European Infantry) 1862-1881 (6)

156 AUCTION CATALOGUES: SOTHEBY’S, THOMAS DEL MAR LTD, BONHAMS, CHRISTIE’S, HOLT’S, WALLIS & WALLIS AND PHILLIPS ANTIQUE ARMS, ARMOUR AND MILITARIA including sales in London, Sussex, Zurich and New York covering the period 1961-2012

£80-120

(a full listing is available on request)

£200-300

£80-120 154 AN INDIAN ARMY PIPE-BANNER OF THE 48TH PIONEERS AND A POST-INDEPENDENCE TRUMPET-BANNER a black velvet banner circa 1903, edged with gold fringe, both sides bearing crossed axes in gold embroidery beneath traces of figure ‘48’ (the latter now unpicked, presumably on change of regimental title to 4th/2nd Bombay Pioneers in 1922); and a single buff silk trumpet-banner of the President’s Bodyguard, edged with gold lace and silver fringe, the face bearing the Ashoka Lions between crossed lances above a winged parachute and initials ‘PGB’ in script, all in gold, silver and coloured embroidery, above an inscription in Hindi, also in gold embroidery (2) £100-150

157 ASSORTED REGIMENTAL HISTORIES OF INDIAN ARMY UNITS TENNANT, Lt Col E, The Royal Deccan Horse in the Great War, Gale & Polden Ltd 1939, green cloth cover with leather spine and corners, regimental device in gold tooling; SMITH, Lt Col ED, The Story of The Sirmoor Rifles, 1968; DUNCAN, Major General Ronald, History of the Jodhpur State Forces in the War 1939-45, Jodhpur Government Press 1946; ANON, Standing Orders of the 18th Royal Garhwal Rifles, The Pioneer Press, Allahabad 1928; ANON, Standing Orders of the 7th DCO Rajputs, British India Press c.1914 (5) £70-100

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THE ANTHONY DE REUCK COLLECTION Why Armour? His excuse is that as a lad his parents took him to too many museums, and he never quite grew up, developing an attachment to ancient relics. After a wartime spell as an RAF weatherman, he met his wife at Imperial College London, where they were both doing physics under Sir George Thomson: which meant among other things atomic power, military and civil. Tony also produced the student magazine, Phoenix, started by H.G. Wells and went on more recently to help edit the Journal of the Arms and Armour Society. After carrying the mace of the Royal Society into the Albert Hall as part of its Tercentenary celebrations in 1960 and attending the Society’s congratulatory luncheon for Yuri Gagarin’s pioneer space flight, Tony assisted in negotiating an exchange agreement between the Royal Society and the Soviet Academy of Sciences. At this stage his interests might then be said to include space rockets, ballistic missiles, nuclear power stations, diplomacy and the Cold War. Soon he was drawn into the circle of physicists gathered around Joseph Rotblat at St Bartholomew’s Hospital, formerly at the Manhattan Project that created the Atom Bomb. Rotblat, now keeper of the nuclear conscience, set up the so-called Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs that sought to use expert influence to prevent nuclear proliferation and to promote nuclear disarmament. Pugwash is the name of a fishing village in Nova Scotia where the inaugural Conference was held in 1957. Sir Joseph Rotblat received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1995. The 1960’s saw a spell of attempts at international peace-making with Dr John Burton, formerly the Australian foreign service, at the Centre for the Analysis of Conflict (CAC) at UCL. Confrontation – fighting between Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore – provided experience for further meetings between Greeks and Turks over Cyprus, and between Kenya and Somalia in East Africa. CAC meetings incorporated a strong research component implemented by the protagonists themselves. This extended by far the range of options considered while greatly reducing the cogency and frequency of threats. The removal of power politics from a central role in either the rationale of negotiation or in the conceptual basis of stable relationships was one of the most fruitful outcomes of the CAC procedures. Talks between Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore convened by Burton afforded CAC extraordinary insights and innovation ideas which were then applicable to the situations between Greeks and Turks in Cyprus or between Kenya and Somalia in East Africa. CAC developed approaches that burgeoned in Oslo on the most testing case of Israel and Palestine. Retirement from lecturing in 1988 sent Tony as a volunteer at the Tower in the Royal Armouries, where he cast a technical eye on the shifting 16th century balance between offence (fire-arms) and defence (armour). Deflecting the cut and thrust of blades gave place to absorbing the impact of lead bullets, so armourers at war (Italian Wars lasted from 1494 to 1559) turned from hard steel to ductile iron. Bullet-proof recipes from 1560-80 in the Medici archives in Florence proposed using laminated plate with hard steel or glancing front surface backed by tough impact-absorbent iron. The first such duplex (two-ply) armour to be recognised and described was sold to Tony at Sotheby’s in 2002 (offered here as lot 191). The recognition of more than 35 other duplex armours in museums quickly followed. The armourers’ response to firearms is described in a series of papers: A R Williams and A de Reuck 1995 The Royal Armoury at Greenwich 1515-1649, A History of its Technology. London, Royal Armouries Monograph 4; p. 25. A de Reuck 1998a The Armourers’ Dilemma: Hard or Tough. Royal Armouries Yearbook 2: 72-80. A de Reuck 1998b Greenwich Revisited: or Gunpowder and the Obsolescence of Armour, Journal of the Arms and Armour Society 15.7: 426-443. A de Reuck 2004 The Renaissance Arcana of Bullet-Proof Armour. Journal of the Arms and Armour Society, 18.2: 63-77. A de Reuck, D Starley, T Richardson and D Edge. Duplex Armour: an unrecognised Mode of Construction. Arms and Armour, 2005, 2(1), 5-26. For the Society Tony edited the only stand-alone volume it has yet published: Anon. The Firework Book (Das Feuerwerkbuch): Gunpowder in Medieval Germany, transcribed by G. W. Kramer; translated by K. Leibnitz from the Middle High German of 1432. MS 362 in Freiburg University Library. Incorporated in JASS,17, March 2001. This led to some controversy to which he responded: A de Reuck, 2005 Charcoal in the Firework Book, JAAS, 18,4,158-160. A de Reuck, 2010, The Nature of Saltpetre in the Firework Book, JASS, 20,2, 58-67.

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158

158 A SPEARHEAD, LATE 11TH/12TH CENTURY in excavated condition, with broad leaf-shaped blade of hollowdiamond section (the edge with small chips), tapering socket pierced with a pair of holes for attaching to a haft, and in black patinated condition overall 62.8cm; 24 3/4in overall Provenance Harold L. Peterson, sold Christie, Manson and Woods Ltd, 5th July 1978, part of lot 94 £400-600 159 A RARE WELSH BILL, LATE 17TH CENTURY with hooked blade of flattened-triangular section, impressed with a series of marks along the back-edge on one side, formed with a characteristic pronounced up-turned hook at the rear and with an additional basal spike, tapering socket pierced with five holes on one side and left open on the other (pitted overall), on a portion of an early haft 47cm; 18 1/2in head

159

160

Provenance Apparently from a Lincolnshire farmhouse, acquired by the vendor from an antique shop in Ely circa 1965. A number of similar bills or ‘hooks’ are preserved in the Royal Armouries, Leeds, inv. nos. VII. 820-7. For a discussion of this group see C. Blair 1999, pp. 71-85. £400-600 160 A STYRIAN HALBERD, LAST QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY with long tapering central spike of diamond-section, forwardleaning curved axe blade pierced with three groups of circles, pierced rear fluke stamped with the mark of Pankraz Taller, and a pair of straps (pitted), on a wooden haft (shortened) 73.5cm; 29in head Provenance Retrieved from Warwick Castle following the fire in 1871, by tradition Pankraz Taller was a halberd maker working in Hall Steyr. A number of halberds by him are preserved in the Landeszeughaus Graz. See P. Krenn 1997, pp. 50-51. £200-300

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161 A MEDIEVAL SWORD, 12TH CENTURY in excavated condition, with tapering flat blade formed with a long central fuller on each face, straight cross-guard of slightly tapering square section with bevelled edges, and well-formed wheel pommel 89.8cm; 35 3/8in blade The sword conforms to Oakeshott type XI. ÂŁ3000-5000

161

63


162 A VIKING BEARDED AXE, 8TH CENTURY in excavated condition, with wedge-shaped blade formed with a slightly curved leading edge, and near-triangular socketaperture with a pair of short rounded langets 15.5cm; 6 1/8in high

162

Provenance Excavated in Lincolnshire For a related example see H. Seitz 1965, p.120, fig. 71e £300-400 163 A EUROPEAN BRONZE MACE HEAD, 13TH/15TH CENTURY formed of twelve low pyramidal nodules, and short neck with a single aperture for fixing to its later haft 5cm; 2in high See D. Nicolle 1988, p.317 and p.520, figs. 861a-d. Mace heads of this form have been discovered over a broad area including England and Scotland to Russia. £200-250 164 A LARGE KNIFE BLADE, 16TH/EARLY 17TH CENTURY AND A SCABBARD 18TH/19TH CENTURY the first possibly from a trousse, in excavated condition, with tapering blade of wedge-shaped section, and the tang pierced with four unevenly spaced holes for attaching a grip, and the second of leather-covered wood (chape end missing) with provision for a pair of triangular langets the first: 40cm; 15 3/4in blade (2) £150-250

163

64

164


165

165 A NORTH EUROPEAN RONDEL DAGGER, PROBABLY GERMAN SECOND HALF OF THE 15TH CENTURY in excavated condition, with robust two-stage blade of square section, iron hilt comprising small disc-guard and larger disc pommel, and original horn grip 27cm; 10 3/4in blade £700-1000 166 A NORTH EUROPEAN BALLOCK DAGGER, SECOND HALF OF THE 16TH CENTURY, PROBABLY ENGLISH in excavated condition, with tapering blade of wedge-shaped section, stamped with a mark on one side, perhaps a flower, iron guard, iron pommel cap of tapering pentagonal section, fitted with a roped latten band at the top, original rootwood grip (repaired), with flattened inner face and carved with a pair of characteristic basal lobes 26.5cm; 10 1/2in blade

166

167

167 A RARE NORTH EUROPEAN BALLOCK DAGGER, LATE 15TH CENTURY in excavated condition, with sharply tapering blade of wedgeshaped section, iron hilt comprising a pair of short sharply down-turned arms, disc-shaped pommel cap secured by a single rivet over a copper washer, and tapering hardwood grip with a pair of characteristic basal lobes (minor repairs) 21cm; 8 1/4in blade Provenance Retrieved during dredging operations in a Belgian Canal. £600-800

Provenance The River Thames £800-1200

65


168 168 A NORTH EUROPEAN BALLOCK DAGGER, 16TH/17TH CENTURY AND LATER in excavated condition, with tapering slender blade of wedgeshaped section, stamped twice with a stylised crown mark on one side, iron cross-piece with a pair of short down-turned arms moulded at the base, and later yew wood grip of characteristic form 26.5cm; 10 1/2in blade Provenance The River Thames £300-500 169 A NORTH EUROPEAN BALLOCK DAGGER, 16TH/17TH CENTURY AND LATER with tapering blade of wedge-shaped section, stamped twice with a clover leaf mark inlaid with brass on one side (losses), iron cross-piece with a pair of short down-turned arms, and later grip of characteristic form 19cm; 7 1/2in blade The hilt is based on a similar example from the Mary Rose. £300-500

66

169

170 170 THREE INDIAN ARROWS, 18TH AND 19TH CENTURIES the first two of bronze, one with pierced head of sparrow’s tail form, the other with near pyramidal barbed head, and each with long slender tang; the third with steel head, wooden shaft, and feather flight the first: 27.5cm; 10 3/4in (3) £50-80


171 171 A RARE QUILLON DAGGER, FIRST QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY, PROBABLY ENGLISH with tapering blade of flattened-diamond section (slightly bent in profile), iron hilt comprising a pair of short down-curved quillons with moulded terminals, fluted quillon-block, and spirally moulded globular pommel, the tang retaining a single ‘Turk’s head’ and in untouched black patinated condition 24cm; 9 1/2in blade Provenance The River Thames at Queenhithe £800-1000

172

173 173 A STILETTO, 17TH CENTURY in excavated condition and formed entirely of iron, with slender tapering blade, straight moulded cross-piece with buttonshaped terminals, moulded grip, and button shaped pommel 22cm; 8 3/4in blade Provenance Excavated on the site of the Rose Theatre, Southwark, London In view of the find site and the flimsy nature of the steel it has been suggested that this may have been for theatrical use. £200-300

172 A LEFT-HAND DAGGER, EARLY 17TH CENTURY, PROBABLY ENGLISH in river-excavated condition, with robust tapering blade of hollow-diamond section, iron hilt comprising a pair of flat down-curved quillons, ring-guard filled with a solid plate pierced with four crown-shaped apertures, and later cubeshaped pommel (repairs), with original grip of woven and plaited copper wire between ‘Turks’ heads’ 22.5cm; 8 7/8in blade Provenance Almost certainly from the River Thames £350-450 67


174 TWO VIKING AND EIGHT MEDIEVAL AND RENAISSANCE DETACHED LATTEN DAGGER POMMELS, 10TH/11TH AND 14TH/17TH CENTURIES in excavated condition the first of five-part lobated form; the second of cocked hat form; the third, fourth, fifth and sixth decorated with a fan-pattern; the seventh formed as a flowerhead; the eighth lobated and the remaining two of beaked form the first: 2.5cm; 1in high (10) £120-180

174

175 TWO DETACHED LATTEN SWORD POMMELS, 14TH CENTURY in excavated condition, the first of slightly oval form (cleaned) and the second of octagonal form, drawn out on each face to a boss the first: 4.5cm; 1 3/4in high £80-120 176 THREE DETACHED SWORDS POMMELS, LATE 16TH/EARLY 17TH CENTURIES the first in excavated condition, of faceted mushroom form; the second in excavated condition, of faceted globular form; and the third of faceted ovoid form the first: 5.5cm; 2 1/8in high (3) £80-120

175

176

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177 SIX DETACHED BRONZE DAGGER POMMELS, 14TH TO 18TH CENTURIES, A BRONZE CHAPE AND FIVE DETACHED IRON POMMELS, 16TH/18TH CENTURIES in excavated condition, the first of wheel form; the second with flat inner face and octahedral outer; the third of fluted bun form; the fourth and fifth globular; the sixth chiselled with flowers; the eighth, ninth and tenth of globular form the first: 3.5cm; 1 3/8in high (11) £40-60 178 A LARGE COLLECTION OF DAGGER CROSS-PIECES AND HILT MOUNTS, LATE VIKING AND MEDIEVAL PERIOD TO EARLY 19TH CENTURY in excavated condition, including four cross-pieces of arched form; three cross-pieces with small shell-guards; a detached rapier hilt (incomplete)and a brass cross-piece from a transitional rapier (qty)

177

£100-200 179 SEVEN EAST EUROPEAN CROSSBOW BOLT-HEADS AND THIRTEEN FURTHER ARROWHEADS, 15TH TO 18TH CENTURIES in excavated condition, the first seven of robust tapering form, each with a short tapering tang; the remainder including two blunt heads for hunting, and five of leaf-shaped form (20) £120-180

178

179

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180 A LARGE COLLECTION OF DETACHED ENGLISH ARROWHEADS, 11TH TO 15TH CENTURIES in excavated condition, including a number of swallow tail form; one with a near pyramidal tip and tapering tang; another for stunning game; and seven with small pyramidal tips with tapering tangs (qty) £120-180

180

181 A LARGE COLLECTION OF ENGLISH ARROWHEADS, 11TH TO 15TH CENTURIES in excavated condition, including six of swallow’s tail form, a crossbow bolt for hamstringing game; an arrow shaft and a massive crossbow bolt head, probably for siege use (qty) Provenance Southampton, Wiltshire, Lincolnshire,Taunton, Dorset, Durham and the River Medway, Kent. £100-150 182 A LARGE COLLECTION OF ENGLISH ARROW AND CROSSBOW BOLT HEADS, 12TH TO 16TH CENTURIES in excavated condition, including ten small arrowheads with tangs, seven with spikes and socketed bases, a spade-shaped arrow, and further arrow and crossbow bolt-heads (qty) Provenance County Durham and Yorkshire £100-150

181

182

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183

183 AN ENGLISH VISOR AND UPPER BEVOR IN THE GREENWICH STYLE OF CIRCA 1587, MADE BY THEODORE EGLI, LONDON, 1953-4 the two elements connected to one another by common pivots and fastened by a spring-catch at their right side, the visor shaped at the brow to fit over the front of the comb of an underlying skull and projecting forward to eight vision-slits arranged in two stepped rows, the prow-shaped upper bevor pieced at each side with ventilation-slots of double-ended keyhole form, and each decorated with three recessed vertical bands. 26.0cm; 10 1/4in

Provenance Dr Richard Williams, Presteigne, Powys, Wales The Tower of London Armouries, sold Sotheby’s, London, 15 October 1974, lot 22 (part) These pieces were made by Theodore Egli, senior conservator at the Tower of London Armouries, for Dr Richard Williams, to complete an etched Greenwich armet, probably made for Peregine, Lord Willoughby D’Eresby, about 1578 (Claude Blair, ‘A New Found Greenwich Helmet’ Connoisseur Year Book, 1956, pp. 79-84), that he had purchased at the sale of the contents of Hengrave Hall, Suffolk, in 1952 (Frank, Knight and Rutley in conjunction with Rutter, Sons & Co, 24 September 1952, part of lot 2067). The helmet was acquired from the collection of Dr Williams’s in 1974 by the Tower of London Armouries who numbered it IV. 577 but removed the present pieces for sale in the same year. £200-300

71


184 Front 184 A FINE AND RARE SOUTH GERMAN ‘GOTHIC’ BREASTPLATE AND BACKPLATE, CIRCA 1480-90 the two pieces closely matched, the first formed of a main plate with angular outward turns at its neck and arm-openings, each decorated with an alternating pattern of notches and incised lines, a plackart of two upward-overlapping pieces, each rising to an elaborately fretted cusp at its centre and articulated to the plate above it by a sliding-rivet and two internal leathers, and a contemporary fauld of four lames, the lowest cut with a shallow arch over the crotch, the main plate decorated at the neck with a recessed V-shaped panel bordered by a pairs of pointillé lines, the plackart and fauld with medial ridges enclosed in the case of that of the fauld by similar pairs of pointillé lines, and at the borders of the armopenings , the upper edge of each lame of the plackart and the lower edge of the fauld with ripple-like fluting; and the second formed of three downward overlapping plates, the uppermost with roped angular outward turns at its arm openings, a Vshaped neck-opening filled with a separate triangular gusset, and a culet of three lames of which the lowest descends to an obtuse central point, the neck-opening and the centres of all subsidiary edges fretted, and the arm-openings, each side of the back, and the centre of the culet decorated with flutes similar to those of the breastplate (both elements extensively patched, pitted and worn), all mounted on a wooden stand covered at its top by mail 60.0cm; 23 1/2in 72

Provenance Sartori Collection, Vienna Dacre Kendrick Edwards, sold Christie’s, 25 April 1961, lot 38 Exhibitions Cyril Andrade, Dalmeny Gallery, St James’s, October to November 1922, Catalogue, Part 2, nos 135 & 137 Arms & Armour Society, The Art of the Armourer, Victoria & Albert Museum, London, April to May 1963, cat. No. 7 (ill.) Battle of Barnet Quincentenary, Barnet, Middlesex, April 1971, cat.no. 11 A very similar breastplate forms part of the former arsenal of the City of Vienna, now in the custody of the City Museum, Vienna. The distinctive form of turned edges seen on the breastplate is also found on a cuirass in the Hofjagd- und Rüstkammer, Vienna, no. A 109b, made for the young Philip the Handsome by Jörg (?) Treytz of Innsbruck about 1485-90 (Thomas & Gamber 1975, p. 126, pl. 48). £15000-20000


184 Reverse 73


185

185 A COMPOSITE WESTERN EUROPEAN ‘GOTHIC’ BEVOR, CIRCA 1490-1500, PROBABLY SPANISH formed of a medially-ridged main plate strongly shaped to the chin, a chevron-shaped face-plate articulated to the main plate at each side and supported at the right by a spring-catch (restored), its upper edge turned outwards, and two gorget plates articulated to the flanged lower edge of the main plate, the lowest projecting downwards to a rounded central point (the main plate and face-plate each with small riveted patches, and all elements with a mottle overall patination and some losses at their edges) 19.0cm; 7 1/2in Provenance The Armoury of the Knights of St John at Rhodes Victor and Louis Bachereau, Paris, Sir Edward Barry, Ockwells Manor, Berkshire, sold Sotheby, 5 July 1965, lot 27 Gerald I. Mungeam, London, sold Sotheby’s, 19 February 1973, lot 183

74

Literature Sir Guy Laking, ‘Mr. Edward Barry’s Collection of Arms and Armour at Ockwells Manor, Bray’, Connoisseur, February 1905, pp. 71-2 (ill.) O’Reilly, ‘The Curios of Ockwells Manor’, The Ladies Field, 6 March 1909, p. p. 14 (ill.) Sir James G. Mann, Catalogue of Arms and Armour in the Possession of Sir Edward Barry, Manuscript in the Royal Armouries Library, Walter J. Karcheski & Thom Richardson, The Medieval Armour from Rhodes, Leeds & Worcester, Massachusetts, 2000, pp. 41-2 (ill.). Several similar bevors, likewise deriving from the armoury of the Knights of St John at Rhodes can be recorded in the Royal Armouries Museum, Leeds, the Museum of the Order of St John, London, the Philadelphia Museum of Art and the Art Institute Chicago, £1000-1500


186 186 AN ENGLISH OR FLEMISH CLOSE HELMET, CIRCA 1550 with one-piece skull rising to a low boldly roped medial comb pierced at its apex with two large holes, the foremost at one time retaining a later funerary crest, and visor, upper bevor and bevor attached to it by common pivots (the shank of the right replaced and threaded to receive a nut), the visor with stepped centrally divided vision fitted at its right side with a lifting-peg (replaced) that also serves as a pull to release the spring-catch securing it to the upper bevor, the latter of prow-shaped form pieced in a raised rib across the mouth with nine circular ventilation-holes and at its right side with five smaller ventilation-holes in dice-formation, the upper bevor and bevor each secured at their right sides by spring-catches with pushbutton releases (the button of the catch for the bevor replaced and the hole to receive its catch reinforced with a patch), and two gorget-plates front and rear (the lowest in each case restored), the main edges of the helmet formed with roped inward turns accompanied by recessed borders, and the skull decorated to either side of its comb with a pair of similar recessed bands of which the outer ones diverge just above the nape (pitted and worn overall) 28cm; 11in

Provenance Athelhampton Hall, Dorset (probably originally from Puddletown Church, Dorset) Christie’s 8 December 1946, lot 146 The helmet owes its survival to having been suspended over an English tomb as part of an heraldic funerary achievement. Similar helmets can be seem in the churches of Whaddon, Buckinghamshire, Netherbury, Dorsetshire, Pembury, Kent, and Lydiard Tregoze, Wiltshire (Francis Henry Cripps-Day, ‘On Armour Preserved in English Churches, in Guy Francis Laking, European Armour and Arms, Vol. V, 1922, pp. 164-5, 174, 199200,263 & 266, figs 1597, 1608, 1661 & 1792). ÂŁ5000-8000

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187 A VERY RARE AND IMPORTANT ENGLISH CLOSE HELMET, GREENWICH, CIRCA 1590 with pointed one-piece skull rising to a baluster finial and formed with eight facets separated by pairs of incised lines, its nape fitted with a tubular plume-holder (the tube restored) and its brow with a deep visor shaped to the chin, cut with a trellised face-opening and fitted at its upper edge with a peak decorated at it’s obtusely-pointed front edge with a roped inward turn accompanied by a recessed border, the skull and visor flanged outwards at their lower edges to receive missing gorget-plates, the visor secured to the skull at the right of the neck by a spring-catch (restored) and pieced at each side of the neck with holes for the attachment of a removable falling buff, and the helmet decorated throughout with double and single incised lines (worn overall) 24.0cm; 9 1/2in

Provenance Offered by Samuel J. Whawell to Robert l. Scott, Greenock, Scotland, 1920 Offered by Cyril Andrade to John Woodman Higgins, Worcester, Massachusetts, 1930 Sold Christie’s, London, 20 December 1978, lot 96 Literature Ian Eaves, ‘A Newly Identified Greenwich Helmet in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York’, Journal of the Arms and Armour Society, Vol. XII, no. 6, September 1968, pp. 36970, pl. CIX. The helmet, made in the royal armour workshops at Greenwich under the mastership of Jacob Halder (15761607/8), is one of only three recorded examples of its type. The other two, possessing the same distinctive form of hinged face-defence and peak, are respectively preserved in the Royal Armouries Museum, Leeds, Inv. No. IV. 166 (Dufty and Reid 1968, pl CVI; and Eaves 1988, pp. 367-9, pls CVIII & CXIB) and the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Acc. No. 14.25.526 (Eaves 1988, pp. CX & CXIA). Both were recorded by Francis Grose as part of the indigenous collections of the Tower of London Armouries in 1786 (Grose 1186 p. 11, pl. IV). £12000-18000

76


187

77


188

188 AN ITALIAN MORION IN THE ‘SPANISH’ FASHION, CIRCA 1580, PROBABLY SPANISH formed in one piece with an almond-shaped skull rising to a short backward-directed stalk, and an integral brim turned down at each side and rising to an acute point front and rear, its edge decorated with a file-roped inward turn bordered by a narrow groove (the left of the brim cracked, the rear point pieced with a small suspension-hole),, the base of the crown encircled by fourteen brass-capped lining-rivets with brass rosette washers (a few of the latter missing or incomplete), and the whole retaining its original blued finish, now partly rusetted 28.4cm; 11 1/4in

78

Provenance Sotheby’s 18 July 1966, lot 6 The helmet is one of a large series of both comb and ‘Spanish’ morions offered for sale between the two Wars by W. H. Fenton & Sons of Bond Street, London. According to a later verbal report of his erstwhile armourer, Theodore Egli, they had been obtained by Fenton in Ireland. Others from the series are to be seen in the Royal Armouries Museum, Leeds, and the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge (Eaves 2002, pp. 161-2). £1000-1400


189

189 AN ENGLISH OR FLEMISH BURGONET, EARLY 17TH CENTURY with a rounded skull formed in two pieces joined by a turn along the crest of a low medial comb, projecting forward to an obtusely pointed integral peak (later brazed at its centre) backwards to a rounded integral neck-guard (later shortened and with riveted internal patch at its centre), and fitted at each side with a hinged cheek-piece (restored) shaped to fit over the rear of the peak and pierced at its centre with nine small holes in rosette formation, and decorated on the skull with borders and radiating patterns of triple incised lines (pitted and worn overall) 25.5cm; 10in

Provenance Christie’s 14 April 1971, lot 35 The helmet can be comparable with one forming part of a three-quarter armour in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Acc. No. 55.185.1 (Helmut Nickel, ‘English Armour in the Metropolitan Museum’, The Connoisseur, November b1969, p. 203, fig. 16), and another sold by Sotheby’s, Summers Place, 8 December 1997, lot 50. Elements of similarly decorated armour can be recorded in former armouries of Farleigh Hungerford, Somerset, now in the guardianship of the Royal Armouries Museum, Leeds, and the Tollemache family at Helmingham Hall, Suffolk. £1000-1500 79


190 AN ITALIAN OR FLEMISH INFANTRY BREASTPLATE, CIRCA 1560 of early ‘peascod’ fashion, fitted at its arm-openings with moveable gussets (the right restored) decorated in each case with boldly roped turns en suite with that of neck-opening, and formed at the waist with a short flange to receive a fauld, the broad shallow neck-opening accompanied by a recessed border, and the arm-openings by single incised lines (pitted and worn overall) 34.2cm; 13 1/2in Provenance The Armoury of the Earls of Pembroke, Wilton House, Wiltshire (sold by Sotheby’s, London, 23 June 1921 and 14 June 1923) Evan Perry, London £1000-1400

190

191 A RARE ENGLISH HARQUEBUSIER’S BREASTPLATE OF ‘DUPLEX’ CONSTRUCTION, BY HENRY KEENE, LONDON, CIRCA 1650-60 made of two thicknesses of metal, the outer folded over the edges of the inner, and formed with a medial ridge, an upstanding neck-opening (its edge split), and a shallow Vshaped waist-line bearing a short integral flange (cracked at its centre), fitted at each side of the chest with a pair of mushroom-shaped studs for the attachment of a shoulderstrap and at each side of the waist with a belt-hook (the left incomplete), struck at the right shoulder with the maker’s mark HK and at the left of the chest with the proof-mark of a bullet 40.5cm; 16in Provenance Sotheby’s, Olympia, 10 July 2002, lot 127 Literature Anthony de Reuck, David Starley, Thom Richardson & David Edge, ‘Duplex armour: an unrecognised mode of construction’, Arms & Armour, Vol. 2, no., 1, Royal Armouries Museum, Leeds, 2005, pp. 8-9, 12, fig. 3. It was this breastplate that first prompted the recognition and study of two-ply or ‘duplex’ armour. The armourer Henry Welsh, alias Keene, born at Kingham, Oxfordshire, was made free of the Armourers’ Company of London in 1642/3 and died 1664.He was recorded as an Armourer in the Tower of London in 1661 (Blair 1996, pp. 23851; and Richardson 2004, pp. 50-1) £700-1000

191

80


192 192 A GERMAN ‘MAXIMILIAN’ HALF-SHAFFRON, CIRCA 1520 formed of a main plate shaped to the brow, fitted at its upper corners with gutter-shaped ear-defences, cut at its lower corners with gently flanged semi-circular openings for the eyes, pierced around its edges with later stitch-holes for the attachment of a lining (the lateral edges patched), fitted at the centre of the forehead with a quadrangular spike and large rosette washer (restored), and decorated with three diverging groups of flutes emphasised by pairs of incised lines, the rear struck with five dots in a dice-formation, and an accompanying modern medially-ridged triangular plate turned inwards at its lateral edges and decorated with a spray of ‘Gothic’ flutes The shaffron 29.0cm; 11 1/2in The triangular plate 12.2cm; 4 3/4in (2)

Provenance The Shaffron. W. H. Spiller, sold Christie’s 30 January 1901, lot 13 Anon. Christie’s 27 April 1951, lot 2 Dr Richard Williams, Presteigne, Powys The Tower of London Armouries, sold Sotheby’s, London, 15 October 1974, lot 73 The Triangular Plate The Tower of London Armouries, sold Sotheby’s, London, 15 October 1974, lot 22 (part) £2000-2500

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193

193 A SOUTH GERMAN HALF-MITTEN GAUNTLET FOR THE LEFT HAND, CIRCA 1500-5 formed of a short flaring gutter-shaped cuff decorated at its straight upper edge with a plain inward turn accompanied by a recessed border, and at its centre with a spray of five flutes enclosed in each case by a pair of incised lines, five metacarpal plates, the lowest longer than the rest and each decorated at the centre of its upper edge with a V-shaped nick, a knuckle-plate and three finger-plates (the last restored), each formed like the lower end of the lowest metacarpal-plate with V-shaped flutes between the fingers, and an associated thumb-defence of five scales attached by a hinge to the inner end of the last metacarpal-plate 24.8cm; 9 3/4in

Provenance The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, sold Christies 223 November 1960, lot 357 Literature Prof. P. L. Pratt, ‘Some Facets of Crystal Physics’, Inaugural Lecture, Imperial College, London, 21 January 1964, p. 161, pls IV & V Exhibition Arms & Armour Society, The Art of the Armourer, Victoria & Albert Museum, London, April to May 1963, cat. No. 12 (ill.) The gauntlet can be seen as transitional in character between the so-called ‘Gothic’ and ‘Maximilian’ fashions. It invites comparison with that shown hanging on a hook, together with a crossbow bolt and partridge, in a still-life picture painted by Jacopo de Barbari in 1504, and now in the Alte Pinakothek, Munich (Reverseau 1982, p. 52, fig. 4). £2000-2500

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194 194 A SOUTH GERMAN FINGERED GAUNTLET FOR THE RIGHT HAND, NUREMBERG, LATE 16TH CENTURY formed of a long flared and pointed cuff with a short fixed separate inner plate, both plates decorated at their upper edges with a file-roped inward turns accompanied by recessed borders, and the outer plate decorated over the ulna with a small almond-shaped boss, five metacarpal-plates each decorated at the centre of its upper edge with a V-shaped nick, a knuckle-plate decorated with a file-roped transverse rib, a shaped finger-plate, four scaled finger-defences and a laterallyhinged thumb-defence of four scales, the outer plate struck externally with the crested helmet mark of its maker and the quality-control-mark of the City of Nuremberg, and internally with a reversed N in a circle, also of that city 41.0cm; 16 1/4in

Provenance Possibly from the collections of the Dukes of Brunswick, at Wolfenbuttel, Lower Saxony Anon. sold Christie’s, London, 9 April 1975, lot 63 It has been suggested that the gauntlet is the pair to the one for the left hand formerly in the collections of the Dukes of Brunswick which was shown as part of a composite armour in the Exhibition of Arms, Armour and Militaria lent by H.R.H. The Duke of Brunswick at the Tower of London April 10th -October 31st 1952, cat. no.20, pp. 8-9. It is of the same form as the latter and bears the same marks as it, both internally and externally. These same marks are found, however, on other pieces of armour in the former collections of the Dukes of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach in the Wartburg, Thuringia (Diener von Scönberg 1812, cat. Nos 48-9) Gauntlets of this length were for wear without vambraces. £800-1200

83


195

195 A GERMAN HALF-MITTEN GAUNTLET FOR THE LEFT HAND, LATE 16TH CENTURY, POSSIBLY SAXON formed of a long flared and pointed cuff with a fixed separate inner plate, the outer plate decorated over the ulna with a small almond-shaped boss, five metacarpal-plates, a knuckleplate formed with a file-roped transverse rib, three finger-plates and a scaled thumb-defence (restored) attached to the lowest two metacarpal-plates by a lateral leather hinge, the free edges of the cuff and final finger-plate formed in each case with a finely roped inward turn accompanied by a recessed border indented at its centre, the lower edge of the inner cuff-plate formed with a closely notched inward turn, the final metacarpal-plate decorated with an embossed ogee, and the whole retaining its buff leather lining-bands and strap for the palm 31.0cm; 12 1/4in

84

Provenance Ian Eaves, London Such half-mitten gauntlets would have required the tips of the fingers to be protected by mail sewn to its lining-gloves. The form and ornament of the gauntlet is reminiscent of that seen in the products of the Low German school of armourers, as for example those preserved or formerly preserved in the great collections of Dresden and the Wartburg in Upper Saxony, and Blankenburg and Emden in Lower Saxony. Gauntlets of a comparable character form part of a distinctive series of late 16th century tilt armours still or formerly preserved in the Saxon Electoral Armoury at Dresden (Haenel 1923, p.18, pl.9; Grancsay 1961, pp. 92-3; and Dufty & Reid 1968, pl. 57) ÂŁ800-1200


196 A GAUNTLET FOR THE LEFT HAND IN THE LATE 15TH CENTURY GERMAN ‘GOTHIC’ STYLE, 19TH CENTURY formed of a long slightly flared and acutely pointed cuff with a plain outward turn at its upper edge, a wristplate decorated with an almond-shaped boss over the ulna, and two metacarpal-plates, the second considerably longer than the first, and all parts embossed with ripple-like ‘gothic’ flutes (the whole probably made of reworked old plates) 25.5cm; 10in Provenance Beriah Botfield, Norton Hall, Northamptonshire The Tower of London Armouries, Inv. No. III. 1216, sold Sotheby’s, London, 15 October 1974, lot 22 (part) £400-700 197 AN ENGLISH OR FLEMISH GAUNTLET FOR THE LEFT HAND, CIRCA 1555 formed of a short medially ridged tubular cuff closed by a riveted join at the inside of the wrist, boxed at each side and decorated at its flared upper edge with a fileroped inward turn accompanied by a recessed border, two metacarpal-plates, a shaped knuckle-plate and a finger-plate (the distal finger-plates missing), the upper edges of the metacarpal and knuckle-plates decorated with close-set filed nicks and single incised lines, and the finger-plate and the lower end of the knuckle plate formed between the fingers with V-shaped flutes 19.0cm; 7 1/2in

196

Provenance The Armoury of the Earls of Pembroke, Wilton House, Wiltshire (sold by Sotheby’s, London, 23 June 1921 and 14 June 1923) The gauntlet belonged originally to a series of demilance armours of William Herbert, 1st Earl of Pembroke. They may have been acquired by him when he was appointed Captain of Calais in 1556 and were probably worn by the English troops that followed him to St Quentin in 1557. Both black and white demilances are mentioned in an inventory of the Earl’s armoury taken at Wilton in 1558. £500-700

197

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198

198 AN ENGLISH HARQUEBUSIER’S ELBOW GAUNTLET FOR THE LEFT HAND, LONDON, CIRCA 1650 formed of a long slightly flaring tubular cuff closed by a riveted join at the inside of the arm and cut away at its upper and lower ends to clear the insides of the elbow and wrist, four metacarpal-plates, a shaped knuckle-plate, four scaled fingerdefences and a thumb-defences attached to the metacarpal-plates by a lateral buff-leather hinge (the fourth finger and thumb-defences associated), the main and subsidiary edges of the gauntlet bordered by pairs of incised lines, its surfaces blackened overall, and the edge of its cuff retaining its original buff-leather lining-band and suspensiontab (torn) 51.0cm; 20in Provenance Sotheby, London, 22 March 1971, lot 259 £700-1000

199

200

199 A COMPOSITE PAULDRON FOR THE RIGHT SHOULDER, ETCHED IN THE ‘PISAN’ FASHION, GERMAN AND ITALIAN, CIRCA 1570 formed of seven lames overlapping outwards from the third which is cut away at its lower front edge to accommodate a lance, and furnished at its upper edge with an upstanding haute-piece, the first three lames of German make (the second restored) extending over the chest and back, and the lowest four of Italian make extending only to the inside of the arm, the last of them pierced its centre with a rectangular slot to fit over the turning pin of the accompanying vambrace, the main edges of the pauldron formed with roped inward turns accompanied, except on the lowest lame, by recessed borders, its surfaces etched with a broad medial band and narrower main and subsidiary borders of trophies of arms, fabulous beasts and stylised foliage on a stippled ground (that of the first three lames and their haute-piece restored) 27.5cm; 11 3/4in £700-1000 200 A PARTIAL FRONT OF A GERMAN COLLAR, SECOND HALF OF THE 16TH CENTURY formed of three upward overlapping lames of which the first (associated) is formed at its left and right ends respectively with an integral hinge and a hole to connect it to the corresponding rear lame, at its upper edge with a file-roped inward turn, and at its second and third lames formed at their upper edges with a plain raised rib 8.1cm; 3in £50-80

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201

201 A PARTIAL GERMAN SPAUDLER FOR THE LEFT SHOULDER, BY VALENTIN SIEBENBURGER, NUREMBERG, CIRCA 1535 formed of three lames overlapping outwards from the second, the first struck with the mark of its maker (defaced by a later hole), the quality-control mark of the City of Nuremberg and five dots indicating the position of the spaudler within its garniture, its main edge formed with a roped inward turn accompanied by a double recessed border of which the broader outer one is finely etched on a stippled and blackened ground with running foliage involving vine-leaves, and the centre of its second lame formed with a lenticular recess divided medially by a roped rib and etched to either side of it with a narrower version of its border-design 17.0cm; 6 3/4in Provenance The Marques of Breadalbane, Taymouth Castle, Scotland Gerald I. Mungeam, London Anthony. B. L. Dove, London Ian Eaves, London

The spaudler was among a group of pieces that came to light in a tea-chest in an out-house of Taymouth Castle in the 1960s, having evidently been overlooked at the time of the dispersal of the collection of the Marquess of Breadalbane by Christie’s on 20 May 1895 and 5 June 1917. The armour for man and horse of the Pfalzgraf Philipp in the Musée de Rennes, Brittany, possesses exactly the same kind of double borders, lenticular recesses and running-vine ornament as the spaudler (Alexander von Reitzenstein, ‘Ein Harnisch Valentin Sibenbürgers in französischem Museumsbesitz’, Waffen- und Kostûmkunde, Vol. 3, pt. 2, 1973, pp. 99-108). Other pieces showing these features can be recorded in the Musée de l’Armée, Paris, Inv.Nos. G. 314, G. 591, G.436-6 & G.568, and in the Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg. All bear the mark of Valentin Siebenburger (circa 1510-1564), the leading Nuremberg maker of his day. His house, opposite that of Albrecht Durer, is now a public house named ‘Zum Geharnischten Mann”. £1200-1800

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202 A GERMAN COUTER FROM AN ‘ALMAIN RIVET’, EARLY 16TH CENTURY of sub-rectangular form, shaped to the front and point of the elbow (the latter showing a small perforation), cropped and decorated with puckered edges at its inner corners, fitted at its rear edge with a single-ended iron buckle to receive a strap formerly riveted at the inside of the elbow, fitted at its centre with a rivet that formerly attached it by means of an internal leather to the defences above and below it, and pieced to the inside of it with a pair of lace holes now occupied by a modern leather lace terminating in contemporary points, the rear painted with the collection number 112 over the initials C-D 13.9cm; 5 1/2in

202

Provenance Francis Henry Cripps-Day, London Dr Lockett Gerald I. Mungeam, London Ian Eaves, London The couter is from the characteristic splint or arm defence of a type of infantry known as an ‘Almain rivet’. Splints with almost identical couters can be recorded in the armoury of St Mary’s Church, Mendlesham, Suffolk ((Francis Henry Cripps-Day, ‘On Armour Preserved in English Churches, in Laking 1922, Vol. V, pp.240-1, figs 138-40), in the former armoury of the Tollemache family at Helmingham Hall, Suffolk, and in the John Woodman Higgins Armoury, Worcester, Massachusetts, Acc. No. 938 (Grancsay 1961, pp. 32-3). £400-600 203 A PAIR OF GARDBRACES, POSSIBLY ITALIAN CIRCA 1450-60 the left extending over the armpit, and the right (its lower outer corner restored) covering only the front of the shoulder, each flanged outwards at its upper edge, pierced below its centre with a square hole to fit over a stud of the underlying pauldron and embossed with a diagonal ridge, the left struck just above the ridge with three indistinct marks, of which the lower two are beneath split-crosses and the upper one beneath a crown (both pieces worn overall) each 18.0cm; 7in (2)

203

These pieces can be compared with the guardbraces found on an armour of about 1450-60 in the Sanctuary of the Madonna delle Gracie, Mantua, Cat. No. B1, and about 1465-70 in the Heiligekreuzekirche, Schwäbisch-Gmünd, as well as one depicted in the effigy of Richard Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick (d. 1439) which was erected 1453-6 (Boccia 1982, pls 192, 195 & 197). £300-500

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204

205

204 A PAIR OF SABATONS IN THE EARLY 16TH CENTURY GERMAN ‘MAXIMILIAN’ STYLE, 19TH CENTURY each of broad-toed fashion and formed of eight lames overlapping inwards to the fourth, its upper surface decorated medially with a broad spray of close-set flutes, and the corners of the toe-caps with prominent whorls each 20.4cm; 8in

205 A NORTH ITALIAN COUTER, CIRCA 1570-80 of one-piece ‘bracelet’ construction, closed at its rear by a riveted joint, shaped to the point of the elbow and widening to the inside front to form a pair of rounded wings, decorated at it main edges with file-roped inward turns bordered in part by roped ribs, and decorated medially with a trio of such ribs, and the front pierced with a pair of holes for the leather that formerly articulated the couter to the cannons of the vambrace (the couter lightly patinated overall and later pierced at its upper and lower edges with wiring-holes) 12.5cm; 5in

Provenance Dr Richard Williams, Presteigne, Powys The Tower of London Armouries, sold Sotheby’s, London, 15 October 1974, lot 22 (part) £800-1200

Provenance Harold L. Peterson, Arlington, Virginia, sold Christie’s, London, 5 July 1978, lot 125 £150-250

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206 A RARE NORTH ITALIAN SPLINTED GREAVE FOR THE RIGHT LEG, WITH ETCHED AND GILT DECORATION, CIRCA 1510-20, PROBABLY MILANESE formed of a front and a rear section joined at the outside by hinges (replaced), the front section (shortened) having three splints and the rear (patched at its upper end), one, in each case joined directly or by rivets to an upper and a lower plate, the latter formed at its lower edge with an angular outward turn, the splints and main borders of the greave etched and formerly gilt with bands of running acanthus foliage on a cross-hatched ground (patinated and rubbed overall) 36.1cm; 14 1/4in Provenance Raymond Bartel (armourer to William Randolph Hearst at St Donat’s Castle, Glamorganshire) Ian Eaves, London The greave was made for a man of notable height. Splinted greaves are illustrated in the Inventario Iluminado of the armoury of the Emperor Charles V (1500-58). £700-1000

206

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207 A LARGE COLLECTION OF DETACHED SPUR ROWELS 14TH TO 17TH CENTURIES in excavated condition, with find sites including Salisbury, Wiltshire, Lincolnshire, Kent and Billingsgate, Kent (qty) £100-150 208 A ROMAN MILITARY SPUR AND FIVE PRICK SPURS, 9TH/10TH CENTURY in excavated condition, the first of bronze, with short conical spike, faceted short heel band and retaining an iron stud for attaching straps on each side; the remainder with tapering spikes, U-shaped heel-bands and retaining some spatulate terminals for the attachment of straps the first: 7.5cm; 3in width of heel band (6) Provenance The first: Chichester; the second Wiltshire; the remainder: Eastern Europe £150-250

207 209 THREE DECORATED PRICK SPURS, SECOND HALF OF THE 13TH CENTURY in excavated condition, with near pyramidal spike, Ushaped heel-band, and the terminals retaining a pair of rivets previously attached to straps; the first of gilt copper, chiselled over much of its surface with scrolls; the second enriched with silver pellets over much of its surface, and the third with traces of silver around the spike the first: 9,5cm; 3 3/4in (3) Provenance The first: Norwich; the second: Christie’s 21st October 1987, lot 55; the third: excavated from the Thames

208

£200-300

209

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210 FIVE PRICK SPURS, 12TH/LATE13TH CENTURIES in excavated condition; the first, second and third with pyramidal spike, short neck, U-shaped heelband, and terminals with provision for straps; the fourth with pyramidal spike, slightly curved neck, Ushaped heel-band; and the fourth of bronze, with moulded spike, U-shaped heel-band with angular terminals fitted with rectangular loops for straps the largest: 13.5cm; 5 1/4in (5) £200-300

210

211 A PAIR OF PRICK SPURS, PERHAPS HUNGARIAN 16TH CENTURY AND ANOTHER the first with slender pyramidal spike, moulded neck, arched heel-bands with pierced terminals for straps; and the third of rudimentary construction the first: 14.5cm; 5 3/4in (3) £100-150 212 FIVE ENGLISH ROWEL SPURS, LATE 13TH/14TH CENTURIES in excavated condition, the first with six-point rowel, curved heel-band, loop-shaped terminal and retaining a pair of tabs for attaching straps; the second with ten-point rowel (one missing), heelband with loop terminals, and retaining one catch and buckle; the third with six-point rowel, and angular heel-band with pierced terminals; the fourth with six-point rowel and angular heel-band with figure-of-eight shaped terminals; the fifth with twenty-point rowel, arched flattened heel-band retaining some tinned finish, figure-of-eight shaped terminals and with its buckles; together with two spur buckles and a spur leather the first: 12.5cm; 5in (8)

211

Provenance The first, second, sixth, seventh and eighth from the River Thames; the third from West Sussex and the fifth from the site of the Royal Mint, East Smithfield, London. £250-350

212

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213 FIVE ENGLISH SPURS, 15TH CENTURY in excavated condition, the first with six-point rowel, arched heel-band with delicate acorn finial above the neck, pierced figure-of-eight shaped terminals, and retaining its tabs; the second with star-shaped rowel arched heel-band rising to an acute point above the neck, pierced terminals, and retaining its buckles and tabs; the third with six-point rowel, arched heel-band with filed moulding about the neck, figure-of-eight shaped terminals and retaining its buckles and tabs; the with eight-point rowel and filed heelband decorated with dentil pattern; and the last a prick spur with flower-shaped goad and incomplete heel-band the first: 15cm; 6in (5)

213

Provenance The first: the River Thames, the second from a stable loft near Thaxted £250-350 214 FIVE ENGLISH SPURS, 15TH CENTURY in excavated condition, the first with eight-point rowel, angular heel-band rising to an acute point, and figure-of eight-shaped terminals; the second with eight-point rowel, arched heel-band rising to an acute point, and retaining a buckle and tab; the third with six-point rowel, slightly arched heel-band and figure-of-eight shaped terminals with a single tab; the fourth with eight-point rowel, arched heelband, and retaining its buckles and tabs; and the fifth with six-point rowel arched heel-band with a looped point, and retaining its buckle and tabs the first: 14.5cm; 5 3/4in (5)

214

Provenance The first: found on the site of the Royal Mint, East Smithfield, London; the second: The River Thames at Queenhithe; the third: Salisbury £250-350 215 SEVEN ENGLISH SPURS, 16TH/18TH CENTURIES in excavated condition the first with star-shaped rowel, arched heel-band decorated with filed mouldings, and with its buckles; the second with multi-spike rowel, slender heel-band, complete with its buckles; the third with broad heel-band rising to a point (incomplete); the fourth of brass, with seven-point rowel, and slender heel-band; the fifth with eight-point rowel, slender heel-band, retaining its buckles and jingles, the sixth of brass, with flat flowershaped rowel and engraved heel-band with figure-of-eight shaped terminals, and the last designed to grip the heel of a shoe the first: 13cm; 5 1/8in (7)

215

£350-450

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216 TWO ENGLISH SPURS, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 15TH CENTURY the first with large rowel of eight spikes, long neck, broad angular heel-band rising to an acute point, pierced at each terminal with a pair of holes, and retaining a single buckle (restored, filled repairs); the second with eight-point rowel, long neck, arched heelband rising to an acute point, pierced at each terminal with a pair of holes, retaining a pair of tabs and a portion of its leather strap the first: 21.5cm; 8 1/2in (2)

216

Provenance The first: excavated at the site of Cannon Street Station Ian Eaves, London The second: Harold L. Peterson, sold Christie, Manson and Woods Ltd, 5th July 1978, lot 117 The first is of a form peculiar to London. £400-600 217 A BRONZE SPUR, EARLY 15TH CENTURY with iron rowel of seven triangular goads, bronze neck and heel-band, the latter curved, rising to an acute point and filed with a wavy pattern on its upper edge, figureof-eight shaped terminals and retaining a single tab 16cm; 6 1/4in

217

A bronze spur of related form is preserved in the Museo Stibbert, Florence (cat.no.200). See L. G. Boccia 1975, p. 92. £300-500 218 SEVEN ENGLISH SPURS, 17TH CENTURY in excavated condition, the first with small star-shaped rowel, and heel-band with figure-of-eight shaped terminals; the second with seven-point rowel, heelband with filed mouldings, complete with its tabs; the third with small foliate rowel; the fourth with eight-point rowel, moulded neck and heel-band with figure-of-eight shaped terminals; the fifth of bronze, with moulded goad, and small heel-band; the sixth with five-point foliate rowel, moulded neck and faceted heel-band, fitted with brass buckle; and the last with large pierced foliate rowel, moulded neck, with its buckles and tabs the first: 11cm; 4 1/4in (7)

218

94

£300-500


219 THREE ROWEL SPURS, 18TH CENTURY in excavated condition, the first for an outrider, with nine-point rowel and retaining a single tab; the second of brass, with seven-point rowel, moulded neck and pierced for straps at the terminals; and the third with moulded neck (rowel missing) and retaining its buckles and tabs the first: 13.5cm; 5 1/4in (3)

219

£60-80 220 TWO IRON STIRRUPS, 10TH AND 14TH CENTURY in excavated condition, the first of asymmetrical form, with moulded rectangular tread a pair of faceted sidebars rising to a slightly curved top bar; the second with near rectangular tread slightly down-turned at the front, a pair of rounded side-bars, and integral loop the first: 17cm; 6 5/8in high (2) £150-200 221 FIVE STIRRUPS, 15TH TO 19TH CENTURIES AND AN ELEMENT OF A CURB BIT, LATE 16TH CENTURY in excavated condition, the first with very small tread formed with a pair of scrolls, slender side-bars, and integral loop; the second and third with near circular treads and integral loops; the fourth with oval tread and integral loop, and the fifth for a side saddle the first: 12.2cm; 4 3/4in high (6)

220

Provenance The second, fifth and sixth from the River Thames; the fourth excavated near Tower Hill £150-250

221

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223 222

222 A SPANISH COMBINATION TOOL (ESLABÓN) SIGNED CLEMENE D YSLA EN ESPINOSA, 18TH CENTURY with moulded shank, pierced at the base, with screw driver terminal (one small chip), the head signed and with knapping and hammer terminals, complete with its pricker (a contemporary repair) 9.3cm; 3 5/8in high For a discussion of Spanish firearms accessories see J. Lavin 1965, pp. 212-213. £200-300

223 A BRONZE CANNON-CHAMBER, 15TH CENTURY; A POWDER-MEASURE, POSSIBLY GERMAN, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY; A DETACHED PISTOL BARREL, MID-18TH CENTURY AND A MOULD FOR MINIATURE CANNON the first in excavated condition, cylindrical, rebated at one end for the chamber, and slotted at the other for a wedge, with raised square vent field, and with its integral handle; the second formed entirely of iron, with faceted body, adjustable measure incorporating a notched stem with pierced finial; the third formed in two stages, tapering over the breech and with a short tang; and the fourth of stone, for a multi-stage barrel (incomplete) the first: 12.8cm; 5 1/8in (4) Provenance The first: Canvey Island £80-120

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224 AN ENGLISH TOY GUN, LATE 16TH/EARLY 17TH CENTURY in excavated condition, with tapering octagonal barrel incised with two pairs of bands and stylised foliage, integral pan with later pivot-cover, later lever trigger and action, and lemon-shaped butt 12cm; 4 3/4in Provenance The River Thames

224

A number of similar guns have been excavated in England many of which are preserved in the Museum of London and the Royal Armouries, Leeds. For a discussion of this group see H. L. Blackmore 1989, pp. 10-14. £250-350 225 AN ENGLISH TOY GUN, LATE 16TH/EARLY 17TH CENTURY with tapering octagonal barrel incised with two pairs of bands and scale pattern, integral pan, threaded holes for the action (now missing), lemon-shaped butt and ramrod with moulded finial 12cm; 4 3/4in

225

See footnote to previous lot. £150-200 226 TWO ENGLISH TOY MUSKETS AND A TOY PISTOL, LATE 16TH/EARLY 17TH CENTURY the first two with tapering octagonal barrels, integral pans, butts of fishtail form and near rectangular triggerguards; the third with tapering barrel, integral pan, and stylised scrolling butt the first: 9cm; 3 1/2in (3) See footnote to lot 224. £200-300

226

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Armour VARIOUS OWNERS 227 A COMPOSITE SOUTH GERMAN INFANTRY HALFARMOUR, MID-16TH CENTURY comprising burgonet with one-piece skull rising to a tall roped comb, flanged outwards at its base to receive a single neck-lame, and fitted with a pair of cheek-pieces each pierced with a circular arrangement of holes, and an obtusely pointed peak pierced for a nasal-bar, ‘almain’ collar of three lames front and rear with integral spaudlers of six lames each (front edges trimmed), breastplate formed of a main plate with medial ridge projecting forward over the belly and boldly roped turn at the neck, fitted at the armopenings with a pair of moveable gussets en suite with the neck, and at its lower edge with a waist-lame, flanged outwards to receive a skirt of three lames, a pair of pendent tassets of seven and eight lames respectively (the seventh of the left and all of the right restored), one-piece backplate stamped with a mark and later pierced at its edges for a lining, on a wooden table mounting stand Provenance Christie’s East, New York, 21st November 1986, lot 64. ‡ £8000-12000

227

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228 A HEAVY FIELD ARMOUR IN THE GERMAN ‘MAXIMILIAN’ STYLE OF CIRCA 1520, PROBABLY SOUTH GERMAN, 19TH CENTURY comprising close helmet with rounded skull rising to a low boldly-roped medial comb, and ‘bellows’ visor, collar of three lames front and rear, rounded breastplate with moveable gussets at it’s armopenings and separate waist-lame flanged outwards at its lower end to receive a fauld of three lames carrying a pair of tassets each of four lames, backplate with separate waist-lame flanged outwards to receive a culet of two lames, large symmetrical pauldrons each of six lames, the second bearing a haute-piece, tubular three piece vambraces with large bracelet couters, short-cuffed mitten-gauntlets, gutter-shaped cuisses each terminating in a winged poleyn of four lames, and tubular full-length greaves each terminating in a broad-toed sabaton of eight lames, the surfaces of all elements, with the exception of the greaves, decorated with close-set fluting in the ‘Maximilian’ fashion, and their main edges decorated with roped inward turns accompanied by recessed borders; mounted on a wooden stand together with a contemporary two-hand sword of early 16th century German style with writhen pommel and guards £6000-8000

228

99


229

229 A HEAVY CUIRASSIER CLOSE HELMET, EARLY 17TH CENTURY, PROBABLY ITALIAN with heavy rounded skull formed in two pieces joined along a low finely roped comb, flanged outwards at its lower edge to form an integral rear gorget-plate, fitted with pointed peak (one edge with minor damage) and bevor attached by common pivots, the bevor fitted with falling buffe of two lames secured by spring catches, the upper with wide barred sight and the lower with horizontal breath, a single deep front gorget-plate (reattached within the lower edge of the bevor, minor repairs), the principal edges with finely roped turns accompanied at the main edges by recessed borders and at the subsidiary edges with single incised lines, and brass-capped iron lining-rivets throughout (light patination) 29.2cm; 11 1/2in high

100

Provenance The Property of a Nobleman, sold Christie’s, King Street, 18th March 1987, lot 77. A number of similar helmets are preserved in the armoury of the Knights of St John at Valleta, Malta. See S. C. Spiteri 2003, nos. M1, N12-14, N41, N48 & N51. ‡ £4000-6000


230

231

THE PROPERTY OF A GENTLEMAN

VARIOUS OWNERS

230 AN ENGLISH CUIRASS, MID-17TH CENTURY comprising one-piece breastplate formed with a medial ridge, V-shaped waist-line, raised neck-opening and short outward flanged lower edge, each side of the chest pierced fitted with a stud for attaching a shoulder strap, the neck and armopenings with plain turns, well matched backplate, fitted with a pair of later shoulder straps with pierced shaped terminals, and a leather belt 40cm; 15 3/4in high

231 AN ENGLISH HARQUEBUSIER’S BREASTPLATE, MID-17TH CENTURY formed in one piece, with medial ridge, V-shaped waist-line, raised neck-opening and an outward-flanged lower edge, each side of the chest fitted with a stud for the attachment of a shoulder-strap, and the left of the belly bearing the proof-mark of a bullet (heavily pitted overall, the neck with a small chip) 41cm; 16 1/4in high £300-500

£700-1000

101


232

233

232 AN ETCHED CIRCULAR SHIELD IN ITALIAN LATE 16TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY of low convex form, fitted with a central spike on a foliate washer, the border encircled by rivets, and with two pair of rivets for enarmes (two pairs missing), etched over its outer surface with eight triangular panels with figurative ovals, with alternating patterns of scrolling foliage, strapwork and tendrils, and the border with a further band of strapwork with mythological creatures and birds 49cm; 19 1/4in diameter

233 AN ETCHED CIRCULAR SHIELD IN 16TH CENTURY STYLE, ALMOST CERTAINLY BY ERNST SCHMIDT OF MUNICH, LATE 19TH/20TH CENTURY of low convex form rising to a central point, roped edge, etched over its outer surface with a broad panel of scrolling foliage around the border, a central foliate rondel surrounded by four trophy-of-arms ovals all surrounded by foliage inhabited by demi-figures and on a blackened stippled ground, and the inside with four leather tabs previously with enarmes 57.8cm; 22 3/4in diameter

‡ £800-1000

A shield decorated in a similar manner is illustrated E. A. Mowbray 1967, p. 17 no. 2. ‡ £600-800

102


Miscellanea 234 A PORTUGUESE HORSE BRIDLE, EARLY 19TH CENTURY of black leather applied with green silk thread, the head-piece and the blinkers each applied with a large silvered plaque chased with a coat-of-arms incorporating elements of the Portuguese Royal arms beneath a coronet and enclosed by a wreath of laurel, the upper and lower bands each applied with an oval silvered boss chased with flowers and scrolls, fitted with a plume-holder at the top with tall feather plume (moth damage), with silvered buckles throughout: mounted on a finely modelled plastic horse’s head on an oval oak mount £1000-1500 235 A PAIR OF SPURS, LATE 18TH/19TH CENTURY with star-shaped rowels, engraved moulded necks, arched heel-bands decorated with fluting, the terminals each fitted with a large butted ring, and retaining its buckles and studs (areas of pitting) 15cm; 5 7/8in (2) £400-600 236 A NORTH EUROPEAN SPUR, FIRST QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY with five-point star-shaped rowel, sharply angular fluted neck decorated with a spirally moulding, fluted heel-band (one terminal missing) and retaining a single buckle 16cm; 6 1/4in

234

£150-200

235

103


237

238

237 A STONEBOW BY WARD, WARRINGTON, CIRCA 1820 with slender steel bow (string missing), figured walnut tiller with chequered grip (small cracks), fitted with a pair of shaped steels, steel acorn finial, sprung folding fore-sight, steel gaffle fitted with signed engraved folding back-sight, trigger-guard with acorn finial, and butt-cap numbered ‘520’ (the steel parts patinated) 79.5cm; 31 1/4in tiller James Ward is recorded as a gun and crossbow maker in Warrington, Lancashire, circa 1813-28. £600-800

104

238 A STONEBOW BY WALKER, NORWICH, CIRCA 1820 with slender steel bow fitted with an early string of twisted cord with wooden spacers, figured walnut tiller with chequered grip (small cracks and bruising), fitted with a pair of shaped steels, moulded steel finial, sprung folding fore-sight, steel gaffle fitted with signed engraved folding back-sight and button trigger, butt-cap and escutcheon engraved with the owner’s initials ‘WG’ (the steel parts patinated) the first: 76.5cm; 30 1/8in tiller Isaac Walker is recorded in Norwich, circa 1797-1839. £700-900


240

239

239 A NORTH ITALIAN CUIR BOUILLI POWDER-FLASK, LAST QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY with tapering wooden body of D-section, the outer surface covered in leather finely tooled with a pair of rampant monsters supporting a vacant escutcheon, and all within a moulded beadwork frame, the inner face with a portion of leather, and retaining its top mount with moulded nozzle and spring cut-off (belt hook, basal cap and a portion of the inner face missing) 18.5cm; 7 1/4in high £800-1000

240 A GERMAN CARVED STAGHORN POWDER-FLASK, LATE 16TH CENTURY AND A WHEEL-LOCK SPANNER the first of bifurcated form, the inner face natural, the outer face carved with God’s creation of Eve from Adam (Genesis 2:21-2) within an architectural framework, fitted with steel nozzle with spring cut-off (chipped at the base), belt hook, suspension loops, and two basal caps, one later adapted with a circular cutter; the second formed entirely of steel, with square aperture, and banded grip the first: 23.5cm; 9 1/4in high (2) £700-900 241 A PAIR OF VICTORIAN HANDCUFFS, DATED 1871 joined by two robust rings and a link, each dated and signed ‘J. Cowdy London’ £50-70

105


242

242 DESCRIZIONE DELLE FESTE CELEBRATE IN PARMA L’ANNO MDCCLXIX, PER LE AUGUSTE NOZZE DI SUA ALTEZZA REALE L’INFANTE DON FERDINANDO COLLA REALE ARCIDUCHESSA MARIA AMALIA. PARMA: STAMPERIA REALE, [1769] Folio (555 x 398mm.), half-title, additional engraved title-page, engraved vignette on title-page, engraved initials, head- and tail-pieces, parallel text in Italian and French, 34 (of 36) engraved plates (6 double-page), contemporary vellum-backed boards, flat spine gilt, [Brooks 6; Cicognara 1525; WatanabeO’Kelly 1141], one plate cut down and loosely inserted (from another copy?), lacking 2 plates, 2 folding plates with repaired tears, extremities rubbed £800-1200

106


243

243 A PAIR OF BRONZE MINIATURE NAVAL CARRONADES, 19TH CENTURY with multi-stage barrels divided by raised mouldings, characteristic rebated muzzles, raised vent fields globose cascables with breeching loops, and a pair of trunnions: on their green painted stepped wooden carriages with matching trucks and iron mounts 22.5cm; 8 3/4in barrels 2cm; 3/4in bores (2) ÂŁ1000-1200

107


244 244 A FINE PAIR OF FRENCH BRONZE SALUTING CANNON, FIRST HALF OF THE 18TH CENTURY, FROM A LARGER GARNITURE, PROBABLY MADE FOR LOUIS DE NOAILLES, 4TH DUC DE NOAILLES AND 1ST DUC D’ AYEN (1713-93) with tapering multi-stage barrels, with raised astragal mouldings, chiselled with the names ‘Porte-Efroy’ and ‘Turc à Maure’ on a scroll on the respective chases, finely chiselled with the owner’s arms beneath the coronet of a marquis, and supported by two angels wearing tabards and carrying banners semés de lys on the first reinforce, chiselled scallop shell vents, globose cascables numbered ‘3’ and ‘8’ respectively, plain trunnions, and in fine untouched condition throughout: each on a later iron-clad wooden field carriage with iron-shod spoke cambered wheels (the iron work loose in places, capsquares missing) 67cm; 26 3/8in barrels 3cm; 1 1/8in bores (2)

The arms are those of the Noailles family. The second, third and fourth Ducs de Noailles became Marshals of France in 1693, 1734 and 1775 respectively and the family figured prominently in the church as well as in the French army. The family possessed five marquessates, those of d’Arpajon, de Maintenon, de Montclar, de Mouchy and de Noailles. The supporters of the arms on these cannon are notable in their usage of semés de lys which might imply a close connection with the Royal family at the time. Louis de Noailles, 4th Duc de Noailles and 1st Duc d’ Ayen (1713-93) was a soldier from the age of 16 and a close personal friend of King Louis XV. The names of the cannon are indicative of the effect that they were intended to have upon an enemy, as is common on French and other cannon of this period. To behave to someone Turc à Maure was to treat them savagely and without pity, in the manner associated with Turks and Moors by Western European observers in the Age of Enlightenment. Porte-Efroy is pre-Revolution French for porte-effroi, which may be translated as something that carries, or brings, terror. £8000-12000

108


244

109


245 A BRASS MODEL CANNON, LONDON PROOF MARKS, MID-19TH CENTURY with stepped tapering barrel stamped with proof marks over the first reinforce, rounded base-ring and globose cascabel, on a large block-shaped stepped wooden carriage with brass trucks 25.7cm; 10 1/4in barrel 1.2cm bore £300-500 246 A WELL DETAILED PENCIL SKETCH OF THE GUN OF ALOF DE WIGNACOURT, GRAND MASTER OF THE ORDER OF ST JOHN (1601-22) BY TAYLOR, DATED 1852 framed and glazed 78.5cm; 31in x 43.8cm; 17 1/4in The gun is preserved at The Royal Armouries, The Tower of London (inv. no. XIX.77).

245

The gun is probably Flemish and is dated 1607. It is of exceptional size and very finely decorated, including three coats of arms. The carriage was made by John Hall of Dartford, Kent, in 1826 after a design by the Royal Carriage Department, Woolwich. See H. L. Blackmore 1976, pp. 111-112. £300-500

246

247 AN IRON SIGNAL MORTAR, PROBABLY GERMAN, 16TH/17TH CENTURY with octagonal barrel, swelling at the breech and muzzle, and recessed star-shaped vent field (pitted) 32cm; 12 5/8in barrel 2 1/8 in; 5.4cm bore £120-150

247

248 AN IRON SIGNAL MORTAR, PROBABLY GERMAN, 16TH/17TH CENTURY with octagonal barrel, recessed vent field, and punched with a simple design on the right (pitted) 30cm; 11 3/4in barrel 4.5cm; 1 3/4in bore £120-150

248

110


249 reverse

249

European and American Firearms THE PROPERTY OF A EUROPEAN COLLECTOR 249 A FINE 25 BORE BAVARIAN WHEEL-LOCK SPORTING RIFLE BY ABRAHAM DELLEMAYR IN MÜNCHE, DATED 1695 with octagonal swamped sighted barrel rifled with eight grooves, signed, dated and engraved with conventional foliage over the breech, flat lock finely engraved with a Classical scene (probably the third labour of Hercules), including a shot stag set upon by hounds before a castle, a male and female Classical figure, signed with the gunmaker’s initials ‘A.D.’ top right, and the engraver, ‘C. I. Stenglin’ bottom left, fitted with internal wheel, engraved flash-guard, sliding pan-cover, pierced dog decorated with a wild boar, a hound and a monster, and with pine cone finial, pierced bracket decorated with a further monster, double set trigger, full stock moulded over the foreend (repaired), inlaid in staghorn with segmental lines and pellets, a reclining doe amidst scrollwork opposite the lock, the

butt inlaid with a lion on the cheek-piece, and with patchbox fitted with staghorn cover engraved with foliage involving a hare pursued by a hound (the stock and inlays with minor restorations and repairs), gilt iron trigger-guard shaped for the fingers, gilt iron trigger-plate, engraved horn butt-cap, engraved staghorn ramrod-pipes (the forward with small chips, now detached), engraved fore-end cap, and wooden ramrod with engraved staghorn tip, probably the original 90cm; 35 1/2in barrel Abraham Dellermayer is recorded in Munich circa 1669-1701. A number of guns engraved by Johan Christoph Stengl (or Stengel) are preserved in the Bayerischen Nationalmuseums, Munich. See E. Benezit 1976, p.818 and E. Schalkhauser 1988, p.86. £5000-8000

111


250

THE PROPERTY OF A GENTLEMAN 250 A FINE AND RARE 80 BORE THURINGIAN WHEEL-LOCK SPORTING RIFLE, CIRCA 1590 with very heavy swamped sighted barrel, small bore, probably for birding, rifled with eight slender grooves, flat lock struck with the maker’s initials ‘V.S.’ , retained by two side nails, fitted with external wheel with low domed brass cover engraved with scrollwork and retained by an engraved moulded brass band decorated with trellis pattern interrupted by fruit and foliage, finely engraved pan-fence, engraved sliding pan-cover decorated by a grotesque and with button release, engraved dog formed as a scaly monster rising from a scroll of foliage, and a later grotesque rondel, the inside with filed spring and details retained by a shaped bridle delicately engraved with a grotesque mask, full stock profusely inlaid over its entire surface in staghorn with scrolling ball flower tendrils inhabited by exotic birds within ropework frames, a broad ropework panel along the entire length of the underside of the fore-end, a staghorn panel decorated with a bird-of-prey plucking fruit beneath the lock, the tang enclosed by staghorn panels decorated with bearded profiles within scrollwork frames, the butt applied with staghorn veneer engraved with strapwork involving masks, garlands of round fruit and podded legumes on the spine, with raised cheek-piece decorated en suite including a stag set upon by a hound on the left and with patchbox with sliding cover veneered in staghorn with a Wildman clutching an arrow and a flaming orb beneath further matching garlands of fruit on the right, later engraved staghorn butt-cap, steel trigger-guard shaped for the fingers, engraved staghorn ramrod-pipes and fore-end cap (the inlay with minor restorations and lifting, the butt with a small crack), and wooden ramrod with staghorn tip, perhaps the original 100cm; 39 3/8in barrel

Provenance The Lord Astor of Hever, sold Sotheby’s, London, 5th May 1983, lot 75. A sporting rifle, formerly in the collection of Beriah Botfield at Norton Hall, signed by the same lockmaker and decorated in an identical manner is preserved in the Royal Armouries, Leeds (inv. no. XII.1197). The armouries rifle is of larger bore, shorter barrel length and is engraved with the arms of Saxony on the butt-cap. It is evident that these two guns were made for the same patron and probably formed part of a larger garniture. See G. Rimer 2001, p.42. This rifle belongs to a distinctive group of highly decorated wheel-lock firearms that have been attributed to the hand of Klaus Hirt of Wassungen, Thuringia on the basis of a single pistol that is signed by him and is preserved in the Historischen Museum, Bern. A pistol from this group signed by the stockmaker ‘L.B.’ was sold Sotheby’s Olympia, 5th December 2002, lot 241. Another unsigned pistol decorated in this manner was sold in these rooms, 5th December 2012, lot 303. £20000-30000

250 Detail

112


113


251

VARIOUS OWNERS 251 A 20 BORE COMPOSITE AUSTRIAN WHEEL-LOCK SPORTING RIFLE, FIRST QUARTER OF THE 18TH CENTURY with octagonal swamped sighted barrel rifled with seven grooves, engraved with sprays of foliage at the breech and inlaid with a decorative mark, flat lock engraved with a garland of flowers about the wheel spindle, fitted with internal wheel, engraved dog decorated with a wolf profile, sliding pan-cover and flash-guard, double set trigger, moulded fruitwood full stock carved with strapwork beneath the lock (repairs), carved butt with patchbox fitted with sliding cover veneered in horn on the right, steel trigger-guard shaped for the fingers, engraved staghorn side-nail washers, engraved staghorn ramrod-pipes, horn butt-plate, engraved staghorn fore-end cap, and wooden ramrod with engraved staghorn tip 74.2cm; 29 1/4in barrel ÂŁ1000-1500

114


252

252 A PAIR OF 28 BORE GERMAN WHEEL-LOCK HOLSTER PISTOLS, MID-17TH CENTURY, WITH LATER DECORATION each with two-stage barrel octagonal at the breech, struck with the letter ‘P’ and Suhl control marks (probably Neue Støckel 1655), bevelled lock retained by a pair of side nails, fitted with external wheel, sliding pan-cover and moulded dog, full stocks profusely inlaid in staghorn with scrolling tendrils, pellets and engraved plaques, including marine monsters, flowers, a merman confronting a monster opposite the lock, bouquets of fruit behind the tang, and a beaked mask on either side of the butt (small losses), steel trigger-guard and ramrod-pipe, the butt bound by a steel band, engraved staghorn fore-end cap, and horn-tipped ramrod 41.5cm; 16 1/4in barrels (2) £6000-8000

115


253

254

253 A COMPOSITE 20 BORE WHEEL-LOCK SPORTING GUN, 19TH CENTURY with engraved tapering barrel fitted with chased silver foresight, engraved flat lock fitted with external wheel surmounted by an elaborate coronet, full stock profusely inlaid with engraved staghorn, including a naive hunting scene on the left of the butt, fitted with patchbox with sliding cover on the right, and steel mounts (the steel parts worn, losses, ramrod missing) 61.5cm; 21 1/4in barrel ‡ £600-800

116

254 AN 11 BORE WHEEL-LOCK RIFLED CARBINE IN EARLY 17TH CENTURY STYLE with octagonal sighted barrel stamped ‘1609’, flat lock with external wheel retained by a robust bracket, full stock inlaid with engraved plaques including warrior profile opposite the lock (losses), and steel trigger-guard 68cm; 26 3/4in barrel ‡ £500-800


255

255 A RARE PAIR OF 14 BORE SOUTH SPANISH SILVER-MOUNTED MIQUELETLOCK PISTOLS SIGNED TEXXONES, CIRCA 1760 with two-stage barrels moulded at the muzzles and the medians, engraved and chiselled with bold scrolls of foliage over the breeches, flat locks lightly engraved ‘Texxones (indistinct, one with the additional letters ‘tsa?’), engraved and chiselled throughout with bold scrolls of foliage en suite with the breeches, matching topjaws and steels, full stocks moulded over the fore-ends (one cracked through, chips), applied with large silver plaques embossed with rococo ornament about the tangs and ahead of the trigger-guards, engraved plaques opposite the locks, silver escutcheons and spurred pommels decorated en suite, the latter incorporating large grotesque masks, engraved steel long belt-hooks and broad trigger-guards, and each with its silver-tipped wooden ramrod 25cm; 9 3/4in barrels (2) This maker appears to be unrecorded. The decoration on the breeches and locks is similar to that of a carbine by Mathias Quero of Malaga, sold in these rooms 5th December 2012, lot 324. £5000-8000

117


THE PROPERTY OF A GENTLEMAN 256 A FINE PAIR OF 20 BORE AUSTRIAN LONG FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOLS BY JOHAN SCHIFTER, CIRCA 1720 with swamped scratch rifled barrels fitted with brass bead foresights on a shaped bed, signed in silver on a chiselled moulded panel and engraved with a classical warrior bust in a further shaped panel over the breeches, engraved breech tangs decorated with a devilish monster and incorporating the backsights, stepped bevelled brass locks signed behind the cocks, decorated with trophies on the tails and with a reclining figure, probably of Victory beneath the pans, fitted with faceted pans, engraved steel cocks chiselled with foliage on the necks and engraved steels, figured walnut full stocks carved with foliage and mouldings in low relief about the tangs, locks and mounts (light bruising, the forward portion of the fore-ends expertly replaced, one butt expertly repaired), gilt-brass mounts cast and chased in low relief, comprising openwork foliate side-plates, spurred pommels engraved with strapwork and with small warrior profiles en suite with the breeches, matching triggerguards, a pair of ramrod-pipes and escutcheons with the owner’s coat-of-arms, horn fore-end caps, traces of early gilding, and later horn-tipped wooden ramrods 37cm; 14 1/2in barrels (2)

118

Provenance Charles Draeger, sold Sotheby’s Monaco 7th December 1987, lot 178 Johan Schifter is recorded in Wiener Neustadt circa 1694-1730. Two guns by this maker are preserved in the Hofjagd-und Rüstkammer, Vienna (inv. nos. WS.G210), and another in the Musée de l’Armée, Paris (M2004). See H. Schedelman 1972, p.214, and H. Stöcklein 1926, p. 26. £10000-15000


119


257

258

257 A NORTH GERMAN FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOL FORMED ENTIRELY OF STEEL BY CLOETER A MANHEIM, CIRCA 1670-80 with three-stage barrel (shortened), octagonal breech, long curved lock-plate, signed within a linear frame with two bird’s heads on the tail and engraved with monsterhead tendrils over much of its surface (defective, steel spring missing), steel butt engraved with bands of foliage in imitation of a spurred pommel (small laminations and cracks), plain steel triggerguard with foliate terminal, long slender belt hook and a pair of ramrod-pipes (the forward relocated, engraving worn throughout, restorations) 26.5cm; 10 1/2 in barrel This pistol belongs to a well-known group of firearms stocked entirely in steel, many of which are signed Cloeter. The present belongs to the finer examples of the group, which have internal lock mechanisms and finely engraved details. A related pair, of original length, were included in the sale of Works of Art from the Royal House of Hanover, sold Sotheby’s 5th-15th October 2005, lot 759. For a discussion of this group see J. F. Hayward 1962, pp.187-188. ‡ £2000-3000

120

258 A 20 BORE ITALIAN SILVER-MOUNTED FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOL BY A. ROSSINI, CIRCA 1780 with three-stage barrel divided by chiselled beadwork mouldings, stamped with gold-lined fleur-de-lys marks over the breech and a larger crowned fleur-de-lys in the centre, retained by a large Balkan silver muzzle band incorporating a fore-sight, chiselled tang, signed lock chiselled with scrolls on the tail (cock missing), carved full stock decorated with raised mouldings (small chips and cracks), the spine of the butt overlaid with a large silver panel chased with scrolls (the top left side chipped), full silver mounts comprising solid side plate, spurred pommel, trigger-guard and ramrod-pipes all decorated with scrolls en suite with the butt 31.7cm; 12 1/2in barrel Agostino Rossini is recorded in Gardone Val Trompia, in the district of Brescia, circa 1783. A pistol signed A. Rossini is preserved in the National Museum, Budapest. See N. di Carpegna 1997, p.213. ‡ £1000-1200


259 259 A CASED PAIR OF 40 BORE FRENCH RIFLED PERCUSSION TARGET PISTOLS BY GASTINNE RENETTE ARQ DE L’EMPEREUR A PARIS, NO. 110 CIRCA 1852-60 with octagonal sighted barrels cut with multi-groove rifling and signed in full on the flats, engraved breeches decorated with scrolls of vine foliage, numbered beneath and engraved ‘1’ and ‘2’ respectively, moulded percussion bolsters, engraved numbered tangs incorporating the back-sights, engraved stepped locks en suite with the breeches and tangs, fitted with engraved hammers and detents, finely carved walnut half-stocks decorated with elaborate arrangements of scrolling vine foliage in high relief, engraved mounts comprising spurred trigger-guards and pommel caps, white metal barrel bolt escutcheons, no provision for ramrods, and with traces of finish: in original rosewood veneered case, the outside of the lid with brass lines and a vacant central escutcheon, the interior lined in purple velvet, with gold stamped maker’s details, and complete with some accessories including bullet mould, nipple wrench powder-flask (nozzle missing) and mallet 26.5cm; 10 3/8in barrels

Gastinne-Renette is recorded in Paris from 1839, exhibiting at the International Exhibitions of 1839 and 1844, and receiving a silver medal. £5000-7000

121


260 260 A CASE PAIR OF 20 BORE FRENCH RIFLED PERCUSSION OFFICER’S PISTOLS BY JACQUAULT A POITIERS, CIRCA 1840 rebuilt from flintlock, each with octagonal swamped sighted barrel cut with micro-groove rifling, inlaid with a slender line of silver at the muzzle and two lines at the breech, casehardened tang with fixed back-sight, signed flat lock with case-hardened hammer fitted with detachable nose, highly figured walnut half-stock, the butt cut with a panel of basketweave chequering, fitted at the base with an ebonised cap with case-hardened steel cover, steel mounts comprising case-hardened spurred trigger-guard with finial of shaped outline, rear ramrod-pipe and bone-tipped ramrod: in original fitted case veneered in rosewood, fitted with brass flush-fitting handle, the interior lined in blue velvet, and with a full compliment of accessories (some replaced) 22.8cm; 9in barrels This maker does not appear to be recorded, though another maker of this name is active in Poitiers during the 17th century. £3000-5000

122


261 261 A CASED PAIR OF .32 CALIBRE RIMFIRE FLOBERT PATENT SALOON PISTOLS RETAILED BY N. COURARD, NOS. 2941 AND 3113, LATE 19TH CENTURY each with multi-stage faceted blued sighted barrel, engraved with vine foliage at the breech, median and muzzle, the breech with standing back-sight, scroll-engraved tang, enclosed action, engraved knurled hammer, blued trigger, carved ebony butts decorated with panels of scrolling foliage, engraved steel mounts including spurred trigger-guard, in original brassmound fitted case, the outside veneered in exotic wood and with the owner’s initials ‘TF’, the interior lined in blue velvet, and retaining two clearing rods 22cm; 8 3/4in barrels £1000-1500

123


262

262 A PAIR OF 32 BORE BOHEMIAN PERCUSSION RIFLED TARGET PISTOLS BY MATTHIAS NOWOTNY, CIRCA 1840 with browned twist octagonal swamped sighted barrels signed in gold and numbered ‘4’ (one fore-sight bead missing), engraved case-hardened breeches inlaid with platinum lines and slender gold lines, engraved percussion bolsters with pierced platinum plugs, engraved case-hardened tangs fitted with adjustable back-sights and numbered ‘1’ and ‘2’ respectively in gold, signed engraved locks decorated with bold scrolls of foliage, double set triggers, figured walnut half stocks carved with foliage over the fore-ends, chequered butts (one cracked), engraved steel mounts including large sideplates, spurred trigger-guards and butt-caps all en suite with the locks, and no provision for ramrods 24cm; 9 1/2in barrels (2)

124

This maker is recorded in Leitmeritz and Vienna till his death in 1856. In 1857 his widow sold the entire business to Johann Springer, the husband of Nowotny’s sister. ‡ £3000-5000


263

264

263 A VERY RARE DUTCH SNAP MATCHLOCK TARGET GUN, SECOND HALF OF THE 17TH CENTURY of target-shooting weight, with two-stage fluted barrel formed in two stages with moulded girdle struck twice with a bell mark (Neue Støckel 4863), and with long rectangular breech fitted with shaped standing back-sight (muzzle shortened), plain rounded lock, the pan with fence and pivot cover, slender walnut stock with faceted three-quarter length fore-end terminating in an iron band, the butt recessed for the cheek on both sides and weighted with lead at the rear, fitted with a rectangular rest finely carved in relief with the figures of saints within vine bordered niches on both sides, plain iron side-plate of rudimentary quality, iron trigger-guard with pierced finials, and no provision for a ramrod (early working repairs) 113.8cm; 44 3/4in barrel For an account of this distinctive type see A. Hoff 1978, pp. 2430. Hoff states that only about thirty examples have survived. For further examples see J. P. Puype 1996, cat. nos. 21 - 32.

264 A VERY RARE DUTCH SNAP-MATCHLOCK TARGET GUN, SECOND HALF OF THE 17TH CENTURY of exceptional target-shooting weight, with two-stage barrel of rectangular and octagonal sections, fitted with fore-sight, medial sight and back-sight with folding peep aperture, bushed vent, plain rounded lock of military type, the pan with fence and pivot cover, figured walnut full stock of characteristic form, with fluted fore-end, large rest finely carved with a serpentine grotesque at the base, thumb-rest and cheek-recess (with modern leather lining), and long slender rectangular butt formed in two parts and weighted with lead at the end, plain iron mounts including large side-plate extending around the base of the cheek-recess, spurred trigger-guard, rear stirrup, set trigger, and no provision for a ramrod (early working repairs, the barrel shortened at the muzzle). 123.4cm; 48 1/4in barrel £800-1200

£800-1200

125


265

266

265 A 15 BORE SPANISH FLINTLOCK FOWLING-PIECE, CIRCA 1790, PROBABLY BARCELONA with two-stage barrel retained by two engraved brass bands, fitted with silver ‘spider’ fore-sight and moulded bridle backsight, stamped with the barrelsmith’s marks over the breech (indistinct, light pitting) and a series of silver-lined decorative marks, engraved tang, stepped miquelet-lock a la moda, stamped with the maker’s mark (indistinct, probably that of Joseph Deop), figured walnut full stock (restorations and repairs), carved with rococo ornament about the barrel tang, fluted butt hollowed for a bayonet, applied with a pierced engraved brass plaque beneath, brass mounts cast and chased in low relief, including side-plate, trigger-guard and butt-plate all chased en rocaille and applied with chased silver portrait profiles (rubbed, the butt-plate repaired and missing the bayonet cover), and associated wooden ramrod 107.2cm; 42 1/4in barrel ‡ £600-800

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266 A 22 BORE GERMAN PERCUSSION SPORTING RIFLE BY V. FUNK & SOHNE IN SUHL, CIRCA 1858-70 with octagonal swamped sighted barrel rifled with eight grooves, signed in silver, engraved breech inlaid with silver lines, scroll-engraved tang fitted with adjustable peep-sight behind, signed border and scroll-engraved lock fitted with gravity stop (restorations), double set trigger, figured walnut full stock cut with a foliate panel of fine chequering over the grip and the fore-end, the butt with carved raised cheek-piece and patchbox with sliding cover, engraved steel mounts comprising two-piece sideplate, scrolling trigger-guard, buttplate and strongly moulded ramrod-pipes, horn fore-end cap, horn fore-end cap, German silver barrel bolt escutcheons and steel ramrod 74.2cm; 29 1/4in barrel £1000-1500


267

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267 A .577 CALIBRE 22 BORE D.B. BOHEMIAN PERCUSSION SPORTING RIFLE BY JOHAN CZERMAK A POLICZKA, CIRCA 1830 converted from flintlock, with rebrowned sighted barrels rifled with seven grooves and signed in silver, reblued percussion bolsters with pierced platinum plugs, engraved tang numbered ‘2’ in gold and incorporating the back-sight, border-engraved flat locks decorated with trophies, figured walnut full stock carved with a panel of chequering over the fore-end and the grip, the latter beneath a bouquet, the butt with raised cheekpiece decorated with flowers and foliage on the left, engraved steel mounts including trigger-guard with shaped finial decorated with foliage and wooden rear portion, butt-cap and ramrod-pipe en suite, silver escutcheon engraved with the owner’s initials ‘EGvB’, steel fore-end cap, and associated wooden ramrod 74.5cm; 29 3/8in barrels £800-1200

268 A 28 BORE GERMAN PERCUSSION TARGET RIFLE BY ANTON BAUMANN, CIRCA 1820 with octagonal sighted barrel rifled with seven grooves, inlaid with a line and signed in silver (losses) between sprays of engraved foliage over the breech, engraved breech tang with provision for a peep-sight behind, engraved lock decorated scrolls of monsterhead foliage, double set trigger, figured walnut full stock, chequered grip and fore-end, the butt with raised cheek-piece carved with a panel of foliage behind on the left (cracked), and patchbox with sliding cover on the right, engraved steel mounts comprising small flush-fitting sideplate, wooden trigger-guard reinforced with engraved steel plaques, butt-plate and three ramrod-pipes, horn fore-end cap, German silver barrel bolt escutcheons, and horn-tipped wooden ramrod (the lower half missing) 70cm; 27 1/2in barrel Anton Baumann is recorded in Munich and was Hofbüchsenmacher to Prince Carl Theodor from 1798. ‡ £600-800

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269 A .44 CALIBRE SMITH & WESSON RUSSIAN DOUBLE ACTION FIRST MODEL SIX-SHOT REVOLVER, NO. 12021* of standard production specifications, retaining most of its original finish 12.5cm; 5in in barrel £800-1000

271 A .44 CALIBRE SMITH & WESSON MODEL 3 RUSSIAN SECOND MODEL, S&W RUSSIAN CALIBRE, SINGLE ACTION of standard production specifications (no visible number, some pitting, grips re-chequered, re-lacquered) 18cm; 7in in barrel £700-900

270 A .44 CALIBRE SMITH & WESSON DOUBLE ACTION FIRST MODEL SIX-SHOT REVOLVER SMITH & WESSON RUSSIAN, NO. 3718 of standard production specifications, retaining most of its original finish (grip replaced) 12.5cm; 5in in barrel £700-900

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272 A .36 COLT MODEL 1862 POLICE REVOLVER , NO. 14666 FOR 1850 of standard production specifications, the barrel inscribed ‘Samuel Colt New York’, (cylinder with pitting), frame with some case-hardening, and matching numbers throughout 14cm; 5 1/2in in barrel

274 A .38 RIMFIRE REMINGTON-SMOOTH NEW MODEL NO.3 FIVE-SHOT REVOLVER of standard production specifications, original black hard rubber grips, and plated finish 9.5cm; 3 3/4in in barrel £200-300

£500-700 273 A .31 CALIBRE COLT MODEL 1849 FIVE SHOT POCKET REVOLVER, NO. 110074 FOR 1857 of standard production specifications, the barrel with two line New York address, retaining some original finish, and cylinder scene 10cm; 4in in barrel

275 A .44 CALIBRE REMINGTON NEW MODEL ARMY PERCUSSION REVOLVER, NO. 39167, CIRCA 1865-73 of standard production specifications, with some casehardened finish remaining (faded, areas of pitting) 20cm; 7 3/4in in barrel £800-1200

£400-600

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276 A .41 CALIBRE REMINGTON OVER AND UNDER RIM FIRE DERRINGER, NO.312, CIRCA 1866-90 gilt bronzed frame (refinished overall), and engraved with scrolls throughout 7.5cm; 3in in barrel £600-800

276

277 A .41 CALIBRE COLT RIM FIRE NO.3 DERINGER, NO. 544, CIRCA 1875-85 of standard production specifications, retaining some original finish on the frame (barrel with pitting and refinished) 6.5cm; 2 1/2in in barrel £300-400

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278 A .41 CALIBRE REMINGTON OVER AND UNDER DERRINGER, NO.146, CIRCA 1866-90 of standard production specifications, with nickel frame and hard rubber grips 7.5cm; 3in in barrel £300-400

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279 A CASED 54 BORE ADAMS PATENT FIVE-SHOT DOUBLE ACTION PERCUSSION REVOLVER BY DEANE ADAMS & DEANE, 30 KING WILLIAM ST, LONDON BRIDGE, NO. 14950R, CIRCA 1855 with blued sighted barrel signed with the full maker’s details, border-engraved blued frame, numbered on the right with the serial number and ‘B1629’, fitted with blued loading lever numbered 2967 on the left, serial numbered cylinder, chequered walnut butt with blued steel cap, blued triggerguard (rubbed), and with some original colour throughout: in original fitted oak case lined in green baize the lid applied with trade label for 30 King William Street, and retaining a number of accessories including Dixon & Sons patent copper powderflask, patent bullet mould and wad cutter 14.5cm; 5 3/4in barrel £1800-2200

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280 A 22 BORE FIVE-SHOT PERCUSSION PEPPERBOX REVOLVER BY B. COGSWELL, 224 STRAND, LONDON, CIRCA 1845-50 with fluted case-hardened barrel group engraved with a band around the muzzle and struck with London view and proof marks at the breech, scroll-engraved case-hardened action, signed on the right, engraved case-hardened nipple shield, fitted with engraved case-hardened bar hammer, blued thumbpiece safety-catch, blued belt hook on the left, finely chequered butt, engraved case-hardened trigger, engraved case-hardened butt-cap with trap, vacant silver escutcheon, and preserved in very good condition with much original finish throughout 11.5cm; 4 1/2in barrels Benjamin Cogswell is recorded at this address circa 1842-56. The company later became Cogswell and Harrison which continues to trade today. £2000-3000

281 A 100 BORE SIX-SHOT PERCUSSION PEPPERBOX REVOLVER SIGNED H. MARSH, PONTEFRACT, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, MID-19TH CENTURY with fluted barrel group, rounded scroll-engraved action signed on the left, finely chequered butt with engraved steel cap, and engraved steel trigger-guard 8.3cm; 3 1/4in barrels £200-300 282 A 50 BORE SIX-SHOT PERCUSSION PEPPERBOX REVOLVER, LONDON PROOF MARKS, MID-19TH CENTURY with fluted barrel group, engraved rounded action fitted with engraved fence, engraved bar hammer, thumb-piece safetycatch (one screw missing, action defective), engraved trigger-guard, finely chequered butt, engraved steel butt-cap with trap, and vacant silver escutcheon (the steel parts with light pitting) 10cm; 4in barrels £200-300

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283 A .750 CALIBRE INDIA PATTERN FLINTLOCK MUSKET, EARLY 19TH CENTURY of regulation type, the barrel struck with Tower proof and Ordnance marks (tang bent), engraved lock with ‘GR’ crowned and ‘Tower, regulation full stock struck with ordnance and inspection marks, and brass mounts including butt cap stamped ‘2/7’ (ramrod missing, worn throughout, losses) 100cm; 39 3/8in barrel £800-1000

285 A .577 CALIBRE THREE BAND PERCUSSION ENFIELD RIFLE, NO. 5041, DATED 1868 of regulation specifications, the barrel (now smooth) stamped with Ordnance markings and serial number, dated lock with ‘VR’ crowned and ‘Enfield’, full stock, regulation brass mounts (worn), and steel ramrod 84cm; 33in barrel The vendor acquired this gun in Afghanistan in 2002, proof of purchase and an extensive file of notes accompanies this lot. £200-300

284 A .700 CALIBRE COMPOSITE FRENCH FLINTLOCK REGULATION MUSKET, LATE 18TH/EARLY 19TH CENTURY with sighted barrel stamped 1814 (worn) at the breech and retained by two brass and one steel band, rounded lock with St Etienne Imperial Arsenal inscription, full stock (worm damage, cracks), regulation mounts and steel ramrod, with its bayonet 103cm; 40 1/2in barrel £300-500

286 A .577 CALIBRE TWO BAND PERCUSSION ENFIELD RIFLE, DATED 1870 of regulation specifications, the barrel (now smooth) stamped with Ordnance markings and a native cartouche, including the date ‘1330 and ‘Ensha’, dated lock with ‘VR’ crowned and ‘Enfield’, full stock, regulation brass mounts, and steel ramrod 84cm; 33in barrel The vendor acquired this gun in Afghanistan in 2002, proof of purchase and an extensive file of notes accompanies this lot. £200-300 133


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287 A .57 CALIBRE LONG SEA SERVICE FLINTLOCK PISTOL, LATE 18TH CENTURY with tapering barrel, border-engraved lock with ‘Tower’ and ‘GR’ crowned, rounded pan, full stock (restored), brass mounts, steel belt hook, and brass-tipped ramrod 48.5cm; 19 1/8in

289 A 15 BORE FLINTLOCK PISTOL OF LIVERY TYPE BY H. NOCK, PRIVATE PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1800 with tapering barrel, signed lock (the steel parts pitted, cock incomplete), walnut full stock (chips), flat sided butt, brass mounts of livery type and steel stirrup ramrod 22.5cm; 8 3/4in barrel

£2000-3000

£500-800

288 A .65 CALIBRE FLINTLOCK DRAGOON PISTOL, CIRCA 1800 with tapering barrel struck with Ordnance marks and moulded at the breech, associated contemporary border-engraved lock with ‘Tower’ and ‘GR’ crowned, regulation walnut full stock (cracks and repairs), regulation brass mounts including sideplate engraved ‘Otho Vials late Regt Serjt Magor [sic] of the 3rd Dragoon Gaurds [sic]’, trigger-guard engraved ‘A present from O.V. to J. Balmbra 1st June 1852’, escutcheon with the Prince of Wales feathers for the 3rd Dragoons, and the foreend adapted for a later regulation stirrup ramrod 23cm; 9in barrel

290 A .65 CALIBRE FLINTLOCK LIGHT DRAGOON PISTOL BY DURS EGG, CIRCA 1790 of regulation type, the breech stamped with London proof marks, signed border-engraved regulation lock with ‘GR’ crowned (top-jaw missing, the steel parts with light surface rust), walnut full stock (small chips), regulation brass mounts and steel ramrod 23cm; 9in barrel

£800-1000

£450-550 291 A .600 CALIBRE PERCUSSION INDIAN PISTOL, 19TH CENTURY of regulation type, with sighted barrel, regulation lock with traces of a mark on the tail, full stock and brass mounts (extensively worn) 21.5cm; 8 1/2in barrel £70-100

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292 A PAIR OF 25 BORE PERCUSSION OFFICER’S PISTOLS BY T. PERRINS, GUN MAKER TO HIS MAJESTY, WINDSOR, NOS353 AND 354, CIRCA 1850 with browned twist sighted barrels signed in full on the flats, engraved case-hardened breeches numbered en suite, decorated with oak trees, inlaid with gold lines, pierced platinum plugs, scroll-engraved case-hardened breech tangs incorporating the back-sights, signed scroll-engraved casehardened flush-fitting locks, blued triggers, figured walnut half-stocks numbered beneath the breeches, finely chequered butts, engraved blued trigger-guards, blued rear ramrod-pipes, two silver escutcheons behind the tang and beneath the pommel, each engraved with the owner’s crest, out of a mural coronet a demi lion rampant, silver barrel bolt escutcheons, silver fore-end caps, original brass-tipped wooden ramrods, and some original finish throughout: in earlier lined and fitted mahogany case 20.4cm; 8in barrels

293 A FLINTLOCK BLUNDERBUSS BY STANTON, PRIVATE PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1780 with swamped brass barrel swelling towards the muzzle, moulded breech, steel tang, signed rounded lock (worn), figured walnut full stock (extensively cracked, chipped about the lock), brass mounts including trigger-guard with finial of shaped outline, butt-cap and vacant escutcheon (one ramrodpipe missing), and wooden ramrod with steel worm 35.5cm; 14in barrel £600-800

Thomas Perrins is recorded at Peascod Street, Windsor, circa 1843-68. £4000-6000

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294 A FINE PAIR OF 25 BORE FLINTLOCK DUELLING PISTOLS BY TWIGG, LONDON, CIRCA 1785-88 with browned twist octagonal swamped sighted barrels signed in block capitals, case-hardened breeches inlaid with a pair of engraved gold lines, gold-lined vents, stamped with London proof marks and one with the barrelsmith’s initials ‘TP’ beneath, engraved case-hardened tangs fitted with standing back-sights, stepped bevelled locks signed in first form of signature and engraved with a sunburst, fitted with bolt safetycatches also engaging the steels, gold-lined rainproof pans, rollers, blued detents, blued mainsprings, set triggers, highly figured walnut half-stocks with finely chequered butts (light bruising, minor scratches), engraved blued steel mounts comprising spurred trigger-guards with pineapple finials and ramrod-pipes, silver vacant shield-shaped escutcheons, silver barrel bolt escutcheons (one cracked, barrel bolts with chips), horn fore-end caps, with one original steel-tipped and an associated horn-tipped ramrod, retaining much original finish, and in untouched condition throughout: in original mahogany cased lined in red baize (the interior worn, the lid slightly warped), the lid with flush fitting carrying handle and rectangular escutcheon engraved ‘Captain Coghlan Royal Navy, and with a steel bullet mould 25.5cm; 10in barrels Jeremiah Coghlan (1774/5-1844), naval officer, was in January 1796 mate of a merchant ship at Plymouth, and on the occasion of the wreck of the East Indiaman Dutton displayed such energy and courage that Pellew offered to put him on the Indefatigable’s quarter-deck. He continued for three years in the Indefatigable and in March 1799 followed Pellew to the Impétueux. In June 1800 Coghlan was put by Pellew in command of the cutter Viper, and while watching Port Louis proposed to cut out a French gun-vessel at the entrance of the harbour. Pellew lent him a ten-oared cutter, and in this, with eighteen men and a midshipman - Silas Hiscutt Paddon - on the night of 29 July, he boarded the gun-brig Cerbère and after a hard fight captured her ‘within pistol-shot of three batteries, surrounded by several armed craft, and not a mile from a 74 bearing an admiral’s flag, and two frigates’ (E. Pellew, Despatch). Both Coghlan and Paddon received several severe wounds, six of Coghlan’s men were wounded, and one was killed; but the Cerbère was taken

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and towed out under heavy fire from the batteries. The squadron, to mark their admiration, gave up the prize to the immediate captors; and Pellew, in his official letter to Lord St Vincent, emphasized the courage and skill ‘which … effected so daring an enterprise’ (ibid.). St Vincent, in forwarding Pellew’s letter to the Admiralty, praised the achievement and in a letter to Pellew privately asked him to present to Coghlan a sword of 100 guineas’ value. On St Vincent’s representation, Coghlan, though he had served in the Navy for only four and a half years, was promoted lieutenant on 22 September 1800 and continued in command of the Viper until she was paid off in October 1801. In spring 1802 he was appointed to the cutter Nimble, and on 1 May 1804 was promoted to command the sloop Renard on the Jamaica station. On 20 March 1805 he brought to action the French privateer Général Ernouf, which, after an action of thirty-five minutes, was set on fire and blew up with the loss of upwards of a hundred men. In August 1807 Coghlan was moved into the brig Elk on the same station, and for nearly four years was senior officer of a light squadron for the protection of the Bahamas. He was promoted captain on 27 November 1810 but continued in the Elk until the following summer. In September 1812 Coghlan was appointed to the Caledonia as flag captain of Pellew, then commander-in-chief in the Mediterranean. At the end of 1813 he exchanged into the frigate Alcmène and continued in her until the end of the Napoleonic wars. On 4 June 1815 he was nominated a CB, and from 1826 to 1830 commanded the frigate Forte on the South American station. Coghlan married a daughter of Charles Hay of Jamaica, widow of Captain John Marshall RN; he had one son Sir William Marcus Coghlan (1803-1885). Taken from <http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/5817?docPos=4> , 26th March 2013, with amendments pending for the next edition, September 2013. John Fox Twigg (1732-90) is recorded gunmaker in Charing Cross 1755-60, 132 Strand 1760-76 and at Piccadilly circa 17769. He was in partnership with his nephew, John Bass, from 1788 until his death. £10000-14000


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295 A 140 BORE PERCUSSION POCKET PISTOL BY CHAMPION, CHICHESTER, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1830, ANOTHER, BY MANTON, LONDON, AND ANOTHER PERCUSSION PISTOL the first with turn-off barrel, signed engraved brass box-lock action, folding trigger, thumbpiece safety-catch, chequered walnut butt, and vacant silver escutcheon; the second circa 1830, with traces of maker’s name in a fulllength barrel groove, engraved side hammer action, chequered butt, and engraved steel butt-cap with trap; and the third with Liège proof marks, octagonal barrel with sprung bayonet beneath, engraved box-lock action, and chequered butt (worn) the first: 3,8cm; 1 1/2in barrel (3) James Champion is recorded at East Street, Chichester, circa 1823-45. £450-550

296

296 A 10 BORE PERCUSSION OFFICER’S PISTOL BY I. LANG, HAYMARKET, LONDON, CIRCA 1840 with browned twist sighted barrel signed on the flat, engraved case-hardened tang and percussion bolster, the former inlaid with a platinum line, engraved breech tang, signed engraved bolted lock, figured walnut full stock, chequered butt, engraved steel mounts including trigger-guard, belt hook, and blued ramrod-pipe, steel swivel ramrod, and retaining some finish throughout 17.8cm; 7in barrel £500-600

297

297 A 13 BORE D.B. PERCUSSION BELT PISTOL BY REILLY, CIRCA 1850 with sighted barrels, engraved tang, signed scroll-engraved locks, fitted on the left with a belt-hook, figured walnut full stock, chequered butt, and engraved steel mounts including swivel ramrod (links missing, the steel parts worn) 17.8cm; 7in barrels £450-500

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298 AN 18 BORE PERCUSSION PISTOL BY LUKE, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS CIRCA 1820 AND A 16 BORE FLINTLOCK TRAVELLING PISTOL, CIRCA 1780 the first converted from flintlock, with three-stage barrel, signed lock engraved with ears of corn (signature indistinct), walnut full stock (fore-end cracked), brass mounts including trigger-guard with acorn finial, and horn-tipped ramrod (the steel parts pitted, fore-end cracked); the second with tapering barrel, box-lock action, walnut butt and steel mounts (the steel parts worn throughout) the first: 19.3cm; 7 5/8in barrel (2)

300 A 16 BORE FLINTLOCK OFFICER’S PISTOL BY RYAN & WATSON, BIRMINGHAM PRIVATE PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1810 with octagonal sighted barrel, engraved tang incorporating the back-sight, signed stepped bevelled lock fitted with engraved cock, roller and semi-rainproof pan, figured walnut full stock, engraved steel trigger-guard, vacant silver escutcheon, and wooden ramrod 23cm; 9 1/8in barrel £500-700

£400-500 299 AN 18 BORE FLINTLOCK PISTOL BY JOYNER, LONDON, PRIVATE PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1770 with tapering barrel inscribed ‘London’ in script (surface rust), signed rounded lock with engraved border, walnut full stock (small chips, one-end cracked ), brass mounts comprising pierced openwork side-plate, spurred pommel, trigger-guard with acorn finial and vacant escutcheon, and associated ramrod (the steel parts with light pitting) 18.2cm; 7 1/8in barrel £450-550

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301 A 54 BORE SILVER-MOUNTED FLINTLOCK POCKET PISTOL BY ALLEN, POOLE, CIRCA 1780 with turn-off cannon barrel, box-lock action signed within scrolls, swelling walnut butt inlaid with silver wire scrolls (losses), vacant silver escutcheon, and silver butt-cap chased with a grotesque mask (worn) 6.8cm; 2 5/8in barrel £400-500

301 302 A 60 BORE OVER-AND-UNDER FLINTLOCK TAPACTION PISTOL, CIRCA 1780 AND AN 80 BORE FLINTLOCK POCKET PISTOL SIGNED BLAKE, LONDON, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS CIRCA 1820 the first with engraved box-lock action (pitted) fitted with tap-lever on the left (repaired), sliding thumbpiece safety-catch also locking the steel, and flat-sided walnut butt (pitted throughout); the second with turn-off barrel fitted with spring bayonet beneath, box-lock action signed within ovals carried by trophies-of-arms, sliding thumb-piece safety-catch, flat-sided walnut butt, and vacant silver escutcheon the first: 4.8cm; 1 7/8in (2) £450-550

302

303 A RARE 80 BORE FOUR BARELLED FLINTLOCK TRAVELLING PISTOL BY DURS EGG, CIRCA 1800 with plain barrels numbered 4-7, border-engraved breech numbered en suite, box-lock action signed on the left within a rectangular panel carried by trophiesof-arms, fitted with tap-lever on the left for exposing the upper and lower pans, and with sliding lever on the right for covering the right-hand chambers, engraved thumb-piece safety-catch also locking the steel, engraved tang, rounded figured walnut butt (probably an early association), engraved triggerguard, and vacant silver shield-shaped escutcheon 6.7cm; 2 5/8in barrels Durs Egg (1748-1822), son of the Swiss gunmaker Leonz Egg, came to London and worked for John Twigg in 1772. He is recorded Contractor to the Ordnance 1784-1820, and Gunmaker to George IV and the Duke of York.

303

140

‡ £1500-2000


304

305

304 A RARE 80 BORE FLINTLOCK ‘TOBY’ PISTOL BY JOHN BRUSH, CIRCA 1695 with turn-off cannon barrel stamped with proof marks beneath the trigger-guard, signed border-engraved rounded action formed with a polygonal moulding (incomplete, defective), separate border-engraved tang with leafy finial, retaining a portion of its wooden butt carved with a raised moulding about the tang, and moulded trigger-guard en suite with the tang 5.8cm; 2 1/4in barrel The pair to this pistol was formerly in the W. Keith Neal Collection and is illustrated, W. Keith Neal and D. H. L. Back 1984, pp. 255-6. John Brush was Freeman of the Glaziers Company, made free of the Gunmakers Company 1699, and was Contractor to the Ordnance 1703-15. He was brought to America by the Lieutenant Governor Alexander Spotswood and worked as a gunmaker in Williamsburg, Virginia from 1717 until his death in 1726.

305 A PAIR OF 32 BORE FLINTLOCK TRAVELLING PISTOLS BY WOOD, WORCESTER, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1830 with octagonal browned twist sighted multi-groove rifled barrels, engraved tangs fitted with brass back-sights, signed stepped bolted locks decorated with bouquets, fitted with semi-rainproof pans, bolt safety-catches, rollers and detents (one top-jaw and screw replaced), set triggers, figured walnut full stocks, chequered butts, engraved steel mounts comprising trigger-guards with pineapple finials and ramrodpipes, vacant silver escutcheons, silver barrel bolt escutcheons, and swivel ramrods 12.7cm; 5in barrels (2) William Wood is recorded at 18 Broad Street, Worcester circa 1821-51. £1800-2500

£1500-2000 141


307

308

309

THE PROPERTY OF A COLLECTOR 306 A MALAYSIAN KNIFE (GOLOK), LATE 19TH CENTURY with slightly curved blade formed with a clipped-back point, carved faceted horn hilt bound with a brass band top and bottom, in its tooled leather scabbard (the tip with later reinforce) 33.5cm; 13 1/4in blade ‡ £50-80 307 A NAVAL SHORTSWORD, 19TH CENTURY, PROBABLY U.S. with curved blade double-edged towards the tip, black painted sheet steel, and banded iron grip 72.4cm;28 1/2in blade ‡ £100-150

308 A NAVAL OFFICER’S SWORD, 20TH CENTURY with lightweight etched fullered blade, regulation brass hilt cast with fouled anchor, folding side-guard inscribed with the owner’s name ‘L. J. Walker R.C.N.’ bullion sword knot, in its brass-mounted scabbard, the locket with the maker’s details ‘F. Highatt, Gosport’, with buff leather cover and leather carrying case 76.5cm; 30 1/8in blade ‡ £250-350 309 A U.S. MODEL 1840 CAVALRY SABRE of regulation type, with curved blade stamped ‘N. P. AMES. CABOTVILLE 1847’ at the forte on one side, brass hilt, wirebound leather-covered grip, in its steel scabbard 92cm; 36 1/4in blade ‡ £200-300

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310

311

310 AN AXE HEAD, POSSIBLY EAST EUROPEAN LATE 17TH/18TH CENTURY in excavated condition, with crescentic axe head, down-curved rear fluke moulded at the base, and tapering bronze socket formed with a moulding top and bottom 24.5cm; 9 3/4in head

311 A GILT COPPER GEORGIAN UNIVERSAL PATTERN GORGET engraved with crowned ‘GR’ cypher between laurel sprays and retaining a small amount of early gilding at the borders (upper turn cracked inside) 11cm; 4 1/4in high

‡ £300-400

‡ £200-250

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312 A GERMAN POWDER-FLASK, LATE 18TH/EARLY 19TH CENTURY with two-piece brass-bound body of flattened pear-shaped form, the outer face finely carved with a stag hunting scene and figures in contemporary dress, fitted with brass nozzle and three loops for suspension (one missing, small chips) 21.8cm; 8 1/4in high ‡ £150-250

312

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313 A POWDER-FLASK FOR A RIFLEMAN OF THE PERCY TENANTRY VOLUNTEERS, CIRCA 1798-1814, AND FIVE FURTHER HORN FLASKS the first of natural horn, fitted with brass cap engraved with the Percy crescent beneath a ducal coronet, brass nozzle inscribed ‘E43’, the stopper also forming a measure, and with two loops for suspension; the second of flattened cowhorn, fitted with brass basal cap and nozzle with spring cut-off; the and four further flasks the first: 35.5cm; 14in overall (6) The Percy Tenantry Volunteers were raised by the Second Duke of Northumberland who fought in both the Seven Years War and American War of Independence. The Duke funded the clothing and equipment of the troops that numbered around 1500. ‡ £200-300

314

314 A U.S. NAVAL FLASK BY N. P. AMES, DATED 1843 AND EIGHT FURTHER FLASKS the first with large brass body embossed ‘U.S.N. beneath a fouled anchor on each face, fitted with brass nozzle with cutoff and two rings for suspension; the second with plain brass body, and nozzle with spring cut-off by James Dixon & Sons, Sheffield, together with five further copper and brass flasks and two leather shot pouches the first: 24.2cm; 9 1/2in high (9) ‡ £200-300 315 A U.S. MILITARY CARTRIDGE POUCH BY JAMES BOYD, BOSTON, A NAVAL POUCH AND BELT, 19TH CENTURY the first with leather body, embossed on the flap, wooden body with provision for twenty-six cartridges and the second dated 1864 on the flap, and the third with brass buckle the first: 13.5cm; 5 1/4in high (3) ‡ £120-180

315

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316

317

316 A .700 CALIBRE FLINTLOCK CARBINE FOR THE TURKISH MARKET, MID-19TH CENTURY with tapering sighted barrel fitted with swivel ramrod beneath, rounded lock stamped with the Islamic date for circa 1848, walnut full stock (cracked through, extensive repairs), regulation brass mounts, and steel saddle bar 47.5cm; 18 3/4in barrel ‡ £400-600

317 A .750 CALIBRE INDIA PATTERN FLINTLOCK MUSKET, CIRCA 1800 with tapering sighted barrel moulded at the breech and struck with Ordnance marks, border-engraved rounded lock with ‘GR’ crowned and ‘Tower’, figured walnut full stock (small repairs), impressed with further Ordnance marks, the butt stamped ‘Colchester M. 7. Battn’ on the left, regulation brass mounts, steel sling swivels, ramrod, and complete with bayonet and scabbard 99cm; 39in barrel ‡ £1500-2000

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318

319

318 A .58 CALIBRE U.S. REMINGTON MODEL 1863 PERCUSSION RIFLE with blued sighted barrel rifled with seven grooves, stamped with the date, Ordnance marks and retained by two brass barrel bands, case-hardened lock with standard markings, retaining nipple protector, regulation full stock, brass mounts including patch box with hinged cover, steel ramrod, retaining its muzzle tampion, worm, screw and an additional nipple, and in characteristic good to fine condition throughout 84cm; 33in barrel ‡ £800-1000

146

319 A .52 CALIBRE U.S. JOSLYN MODEL 1862 CARBINE, NO. 4612 CIRCA 1864 of standard production specifications, with sighted barrel retained by a single steel band, folding back-sight, breech block stamped ‘B.F.Joslyn’s Patent/October 8th 1861/June 24th 1862’, pull-out knob latch, lock with maker’s inscription (worn), walnut half-stock (possibly associated), and iron mounts including saddle bar 54cm; 21 1/4in barrel ‡ £500-700


320

322

321

320 A .31 CALIBRE U.S. COLT MODEL 1849 NEW YORK SIXSHOT PERCUSSION POCKET REVOLVER, NO. 269651 FOR 1864 of standard production specifications, with octagonal sighted barrel with single line New York address, engraved cylinder, walnut grips, brass trigger-guard and back-strap, matching numbers throughout and with traces of finish 10cm; 4in barrel

322 A .28 CALIBRE JOSIAH ELLS FIRST MODEL FIVE-SHOT PERCUSSION DOUBLE ACTION POCKET REVOLVER, CIRCA 1854 of standard production specifications, with octagonal barrel, engraved cylinder and frame, dated bar hammer, walnut grips, and steel trigger-guard 7.8cm; 3in barrel ‡ £250-350

‡ £500-700 321 A .36 CALIBRE COLT MODEL 1851 LONDON PERCUSSION SIX-SHOT NAVY REVOLVER, LONDON PROOF MARKS, NO.39021 FOR 1856 of standard production specifications, with blued barrel, steel frame, engraved blued cylinder, blued steel trigger-guard and back-strap, with matching numbers and refinished throughout 19cm; 7 1/2in barrel

323 A .450 FIVE-SHOT RIMFIRE DOUBLE ACTION REVOLVER BY J. GRAINGER & SON, TORONTO, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1854-68 with octagonal blued barrel (fore-sight missing), signed on the top strap and engraved with lines, blued cylinder and frame (clearing rod missing), chequered butt, and blued steel butt-cap and trigger-guard 15cm; 5 7/8in barrel

‡ £500-700

‡ £300-500

147


324

325

324 A 22 BORE FIVE-SHOT SELF-COCKING PERCUSSION PEPPERBOX REVOLVER BY JOSEPH LANG & SONS, 22 COCKSPUR STREET, PALL MALL, LONDON, CIRCA 1853-60 with fluted barrel group signed in full, inscribed ‘Lang’s Newest Improvement’ and finely engraved with elaborate scrolls of foliage at the muzzles and a band of beadwork at the breeches, scroll-engraved rounded action with nipple-guard engraved en suite, finely engraved bar hammer and tang, sliding thumb-piece safety-catch, engraved trigger-guard, finely chequered grip (light bruising), engraved steel butt-cap with trap, engraved steel trigger-guard, and vacant silver escutcheon 14cm; 5 1/2in barrels

326

Joseph Lang is recorded at 22 Cockspur Street from 1853. ‡ £1200-1500 325 AN 80 BORE FOUR-SHOT SINGLE ACTION PERCUSSION PEPPERBOX REVOLVER, SIGNED W. JACKSON, LONDON, CIRCA 1850 with blued barrel group fitted with screw-in ramrod in the centre, signed scroll-engraved case-hardened rounded action, fitted with nipple shield with roped brim, spurred central hammer, folding trigger, and sliding thumb-piece safety-catch, finely chequered walnut butt, engraved steel butt-cap with trap, vacant silver escutcheon, and with some colour throughout 7.7cm; 3in barrels ‡ £400-600

148

326 A 120 BORE FIVE-SHOT SINGLE ACTION SIDE HAMMER PERCUSSION PEPPERBOX REVOLVER BY SIMMONS, CIRCA 1850 with fluted barrel group engraved with scrolls at the muzzle, fitted with screw-in ramrod in the centre, scroll-engraved rounded action fitted with engraved side hammer (replaced), engraved tang, large nipple shield engraved with a sun burst, engraved trigger-guard, finely chequered butt, and vacant German silver escutcheon 9cm; 3 1/2in barrels ‡ £300-500


327

327 A CASED 52 BORE SIX-SHOT TRANSITIONAL PERCUSSION REVOLVER, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, MID-19TH CENTURY with blued octagonal sighted rifled barrel engraved around the muzzle and inscribed ‘Improved Patent’, case-hardened cylinder, scroll-engraved case-hardened action with moulded fence, engraved case-hardened back-strap, finely chequered walnut grip, German silver lion mask butt-cap, engraved trigger-guard, and some original finish: in original fitted mahogany case lined in green baize, complete with some accessories including bullet mould, oil bottle and later flask 14cm; 5 1/2in barrel ‡ £1200-1800

149


328

329

328 AN 80 BORE SIX-SHOT SELF-COCKING TRANSITIONAL PERCUSSION REVOLVER SIGNED HOLLIS & SHEATH, LONDON, NO. 1064, CIRCA 1860 with signed blued octagonal sighted barrel engraved with a band around the muzzle, struck with London proof marks, blued cylinder, scroll-engraved case-hardened rounded action and bar hammer, engraved blued trigger-guard, engraved buttcap with trap, finely chequered grips and retaining some finish throughout 12.7cm; 5in barrel Hollis & Sheath are recorded in Birmingham circa 1849-61. ‡ £350-450

150

329 A 120 BORE SIX-SHOT SELF-COCKING TRANSITIONAL PERCUSSION REVOLVER SIGNED SMITH, LONDON, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1860 with sighted barrel inscribed ‘London’, numbered cylinder, scroll-engraved rounded action and bar hammer, engraved blued trigger-guard, engraved back-strap signed on a scroll, engraved butt-cap and trigger-guard, and finely chequered grips 8.5cm; 3 3/8in barrel ‡ £300-500


330

330 A CASED 120 BORE SIX-SHOT DOUBLE ACTION GAS SEAL PERCUSSION REVOLVER OF LANG TYPE BY JOHN BLISSETT, 322 HIGH HOLBORN, LONDON, CIRCA 1870 with blued octagonal sighted barrel inscribed ‘John Blissett’s Patent Improvements 322 High Holborn London on the flat, cut with polygroove rifling, engraved blued lug, case-hardened rammer engraved ‘Patent no. 210’, case-hardened numbered cylinder, engraved case-hardened rammer, signed engraved case-hardened action with engraved case-hardened long-spur hammer, chequered walnut grip, engraved blued butt-cap (ring missing), vacant silver escutcheon, and much original finish: in original oak case lined in green baize, the lid with trade label for 1869-75, complete with accessories comprising bullet mould, oil bottle and powder-flask by G. & J. W. Hawksley 11cm; 4 3/8in barrel ‡ £1500-2000

151


331

331 A CASED 54 BORE FIVE-SHOT DOUBLE ACTION TRANTER PATENT PERCUSSION REVOLVER BY E. WHISTLER, 11 STRAND LONDON, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, NO. 21835, CIRCA 1860 with blued barrel signed by the retailer, engraved with a band of foliage around the muzzle, border-engraved blued frame with the serial number on the right and loading lever on the left, chequered walnut butt, blued trigger-guard and casehardened butt-cap: in original oak case lined in green baize, complete with copper flask by James Dixon & Sons, bullet mould and powder-flask 15cm; 5 7/8in barrel Edward Whistler is recorded as a silversmith, pawnbroker and dealer in guns at this address circa 1844-75 after which they continued as Whistler & Co. 1876-1956. ‡ £1500-2000

152


332

333

332 TWO 16 BORE IRISH FLINTLOCK PISTOLS BY W & J. RIGBY, EARLY 19TH CENTURY, PROBABLY FOR USE BY POLICE OR CUSTOMS OFFICERS with tapering barrels inscribed ‘Dublin’, struck with proof marks, Waterford Borough census numbers ‘WB-164’ and ‘WB-166’, signed stepped locks fitted with rollers and ring-neck cocks, figured walnut full stocks impressed ‘55’ and ‘57’ in miniscules opposite the locks, characteristic slender butts of near fishtail form, brass mounts of regulation type, and swivel ramrods 23.5cm; 9 1/4in barrels (2)

333 A 28 BORE NORTH EUROPEAN WHEEL-LOCK HOLSTER PISTOL, MID-17TH CENTURY with tapering barrel, slender tang, rounded lock retained by three later side nails, fitted with external wheel, sliding pancover and moulded dog, blackened full stock (repaired), and steel mounts comprising trigger-guard and ramrod-pipe (later ramrod) 49cm; 19 1/2in barrel ‡ £2000-2500

Similar pistols, of large bore, are described as being of Post Office type. It is likely that in excess of 2500 pistols were made. For a discussion of this group see D. H. L. Back 1992, pp. 28-30, ‡ £2500-3500

153


334

334 A 50 BORE PERCUSSION TURNOVER PISTOL BY WESTLEY RICHARDS, LONDON, LONDON PROOF MARKS CIRCA 1830 with turn-off barrels engraved with foliage around the muzzles, scroll-engraved breeches, scroll-engraved rounded action signed on the left and inscribed ‘London’ on the right, fitted with engraved central hammer, sliding thumb-piece safety-catch (shortened), and folding trigger, finely chequered walnut butt, small engraved silver buttcap, vacant silver escutcheon, and some finish throughout 5.7cm; 2 1/8in barrels William Westley Richards, a Birmingham gunmaker, had a retail shop at 170 New Bond Street between 1826-70 with William Bishop as agent. ‡ £450-550

335

335 AN 80 BORE PERCUSSION TURNOVER PISTOL SIGNED W. RICHARDS, LONDON, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1830 with turn-off barrels engraved around the muzzles, scrollengraved rounded action signed on the left and inscribed ‘London’ on the right, fitted with engraved central hammer, folding trigger, later thumb-piece safety-catch, finely chequered walnut butt, and vacant silver escutcheon (refinished) 4cm; 1 1/2in barrels ‡ £350-450 336 A 50 BORE PERCUSSION POCKET PISTOL BY I. W. EDGE, MANCHESTER, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1840 with turn-off barrel, box-lock action engraved with foliage and signed on a scroll, engraved thumb-piece safety catch, flat-sided butt, and engraved trigger-guard 4.2cm; 1 5/8in barrel John William Edge is recorded in Manchester circa 182764. ‡ £150-200

336

154


337

337 A CASED 28 BORE PERCUSSION RIFLED OFFICER’S PISTOL BY B. COGSWELL, 224 STRAND, LONDON, CIRCA 1842-50 with browned twist octagonal sighted barrel signed on the flat, engraved breech with screw-in plug, scroll-engraved casehardened side hammer action, fitted with blued belt hook on the left, finely chequered walnut butt, engraved steel butt-cap with trap, engraved trigger-guard, swivel ramrod, and vacant silver escutcheon: in a contemporary oak case lined in blue velvet, complete with flask by Bartram & Co, two bullet moulds, two rammers and oil bottle by G & J. W. Hawksley 15.2cm; 6in barrel ‡ £1400-2000

155


338

339

338 A PAIR OF 40 BORE PERCUSSION POCKET PISTOLS SIGNED S. NOCK, LONDON, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1830 with turn-off barrels engraved with foliage around the muzzles and ropework at the breeches, engraved rounded brass actions signed on the left and inscribed ‘London’ on the right, decorated with trophies-of-arms beneath the hammers, fitted with folding triggers and thumb-piece safety-catches, chequered walnut butts with brass caps chased with foliage, and vacant brass escutcheons 4cm; 1 5/8in barrels (2) ‡ £400-600

339 A 16 BORE D.B. OVER-AND-UNDER PERCUSSION PISTOL BY PARKER, FIELD & SONS, 233 HOLBORN, LONDON, NO. 9222, CIRCA 1840 with browned twist sighted barrels engraved around the muzzles and signed on the top flat, scroll-engraved casehardened breeches with platinum plugs, scroll-engraved case-hardened tang, signed scroll and border-engraved casehardened locks fitted with bolt safety-catches, figured walnut half-stock, chequered butt, engraved blued trigger-guard, engraved blued butt-cap with trap, silver escutcheon engraved with the owner’s initials ‘WSS’ and crest, a hawk displayed, stirrup ramrod with engraved links, and some original finish 15.5cm; 6 1/8in barrels The crest is that of Slaughter or Stratton. ‡ £1200-1800

156


340

340 A PAIR OF 54 BORE FLINTLOCK POCKET PISTOLS BY HARVEY WALKLATE MORTIMER & CO., GUNMAKER TO HIS MAJESTY, LONDON, CIRCA 1799-1806 with reblued turn-off barrels (one fore-sight removed), rounded actions engraved with trophies-of-arms and a rococo garland, signed ‘H. W. Mortimer Gunmaker & Co’, ‘Gunmaker’s to his Majesty’ within two ovals and ‘London’ between two crescents, engraved side-actions fitted with rollers and bolt safety-catches (one cock replaced), folding triggers, engraved tangs, finely chequered butts with spirally carved pommels: in a later lined and fitted leather case, with associated bullet mould, wrench and flask (interior worn, lid partly detached) 4.7cm; 1 7/8in barrels

Harvey Walklate Mortimer (1753-1819) was Gunmaker-inOrdinary to George III circa 1783. Harvey Walklate Mortimer & Son (and H.W. Mortimer & Co.) are recorded at 89 Fleet Street from before 1783. From 1800 to 1807 the firm was known as H. W. Mortimer, Son and T. Mortimer and in 1808 the name was changed to H. W. Mortimer & Son. ‡ £2000-3000

157


341

342

341 A 54 BORE FLINTLOCK TAP-ACTION PISTOL SIGNED MORTIMER, LONDON, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1820 with turn-off brass barrels, engraved muzzles, the lower numbered ‘2’, engraved breech numbered ‘1’ and ‘2’, engraved brass action signed on trophy-of-arms ovals, fitted with taplever on the left, thumb-piece safety-catch also locking the steel, finely chequered walnut butt fitted with brass lion mask cap, and vacant brass escutcheon 6cm; 2 3/8in barrels

342 A 54 BORE FLINTLOCK TAP-ACTION PISTOL SIGNED THEOPHILUS RICHARDS, LONDON, CIRCA 1800 with blued turn-off barrels, the upper numbered ‘1’, engraved breech numbered ‘1’ top left, box-lock action signed within a rectangular panel on the left and inscribed ‘London’ within a trophy-of-music oval on the right, fitted with tap-lever on the left and thumb-piece safety-catch also locking the steel, flat sided walnut butt, engraved steel trigger-guard, and vacant silver escutcheon 5.7cm; 2 1/4in barrels

‡ £600-800

Theophilus Richards, father of William Westley Richards, is recorded in Birmingham circa 1799-1833. ‡ £400-600

158


343

343 A PAIR OF 40 BORE SILVER-MOUNTED FLINTLOCK RIFLED TRAVELLING PISTOLS BY MEWIS & CO., BIRMINGHAM PRIVATE PROOF MARKS, BIRMINGHAM SILVER HALLMARKS FOR 1806 MAKERS MARK OF CHARLES FREETH with turn-off cannon barrels rifled with eight narrow grooves, octagonal breeches formed with a raised moulding and engraved with a band of beadwork, engraved tangs, signed engraved stepped locks decorated with a flower on the tails and border ornament, fitted with bolt safety-catches and rollers, figured walnut half-stocks with flat sided butts (small closed cracks on the fore-ends), inlaid in silver wire with delicate scrolls and flowerheads enriched with pellets about the tangs, silver mounts comprising a pair of flower-shaped side nail washers, flush-fitting butt-cap, trigger-guard and trigger-plate, and with no provision for a ramrod 10.8cm; 4 1/4in barrels (2) William Mewis & Co. are recorded in Birmingham circa 1765-1808 as gunmakers and factors. ‡ £1500-2000 159


344 A 40 BORE FLINTLOCK TRAVELLING PISTOL BY R. FARMER, CIRCA 1740 with turn-off cannon barrel, plain tang, borderengraved signed rounded lock, baluster trigger, (the steel parts worn), figured walnut full stock, brass mounts comprising scrolling side-plate with leafy terminals, grotesque mask butt-cap, trigger-plate and plain fore-end cap 6.5cm; 2 1/2in barrel

344

‡ £350-450 345 A PAIR OF 54 BORE FLINTLOCK SMALL POCKET PISTOLS BY KNUBLEY, LONDON, CIRCA 1790 with very short turn-off barrels, one numbered ‘1’, rounded breeches numbered en suite, signed border-engraved box-lock actions, sliding thumbpiece safety-catches also locking the steels (one cock an early replacement, the other with a small crack at the neck), flat-sided walnut butts, and silver escutcheons engraved ‘JJCA Second Life Guards’ 2.2cm; 7/8in barrels John Knubley is recorded at Charing Cross circa 1786-94. He was gunmaker to the Prince of Wales, the Duke of Clarence and Prince Edward. ‡ £700-900

345

160


346 A 40 BORE FLINTLOCK POCKET PISTOL SIGNED T. RICHARDS, LONDON, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS CIRCA 1820 with turn-off barrel, box-lock action signed on an oval carried by a trophy on the left and inscribed ‘London’ (worn) on a matching oval on the right, folding trigger, thumb-piece safety-catch also locking the steel, flat-sided figured walnut butt, and vacant silver escutcheon 4.5cm; 1 3/4in barrel ‡ £150-200

346

347 A 140 BORE FLINTLOCK SMALL POCKET PISTOL BY G. JACKSON, BIRMINGHAM, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1820 with turn-off barrel engraved with fern foliage around the muzzle, box-lock action signed on trophy-of-arms ovals (steel replaced), folding trigger, thumb-piece safety-catch, flat-sided walnut butt cut with chequering over the spine, and vacant silver escutcheon 3.3cm; 1 1/4in barrel George Jackson is recorded at 111 Dale End, Birmingham circa 1817-31. ‡ £250-350

347 348 A 40 BORE FLINTLOCK POCKET PISTOL BY WILLIAM (1) JOVER, PRIVATE PROOF MARKS CIRCA 1780 with brass turn-off barrel lightly engraved around the muzzle, the breech struck with Tower private proof marks and engraved with a sunburst, brass box-lock action signed on an oval carried by a trophy-of-arms on the left and inscribed ‘London’ on a matching oval on the right, fitted with engraved thumb-piece safety-catch also locking the steel and folding trigger, flat-sided walnut butt profusely inlaid with silver wire scrolls and differing flowers enriched with minute pellets, and vacant silver border-engraved escutcheon 5.8cm; 2 1/4in barrel William 1 Jover was a partner in the firm of Nock, Jover & Green at 83 Long Acre in 1775, two years later he is recorded at 337 Oxford Street and as contractor to the Ordnance in 1780.

348

‡ £500-800

161


349

350

349 A PAIR OF 50 BORE FLINTLOCK POCKET PISTOLS BY MORTIMER, LONDON, CIRCA 1800 with brass turn-off barrels, engraved with a line at the breeches and one numbered ‘1’, rounded breeches numbered en suite, border-engraved brass box-lock actions signed within an oval on the left and ‘London’ on the right, thumb-piece safety-catches, flat-sided walnut butts, and engraved steel trigger-guards 4.7cm; 1 3/4in barrels (2)

350 AN 18 BORE FLINTLOCK PISTOL BY HENSHAW, CAMBRIDGE, CIRCA 1780 with two-stage swamped barrel inscribed ‘Cambridge’ over the octagonal breech, signed bevelled lock, figured walnut full stock carved with a scalloped moulding about the tang, engraved brass mounts including solid side-plate decorated with scrolls and foliage, spurred pommel decorated with rococo flowers, trigger-guard with acorn finial, and vacant escutcheon with beadwork border (later ramrod) 20cm; 7 7/8in barrel

‡ £500-700

John Henshaw is recorded at Trumpington Street, Cambridge circa 1783-92. ‡ £600-800

162


351

351 A CASED 32 BORE FLINTLOCK DUELLING PISTOL BY HARVEY WALKLATE MORTIMER & SON, GUNMAKERS TO HIS MAJESTY, NO. 89 FLEET STREET, LONDON, NO. 1198, CIRCA 1808-16 with heavy browned twist octagonal sighted barrel signed in full on the flat, inlaid with a gold line at the breech, platinum vent, engraved grooved tang incorporating the back-sight, signed engraved lock decorated with a trophy on the tail, fitted with ‘French’ cock, bolt safety-catch, semi-rain proof pan, roller and detent, set trigger, figured walnut half-stock (fore-end chipped), saw-handled chequered butt (cracked through),

engraved steel case-hardened trigger-guard, with address in a trophy-of-arms oval on the bow and pineapple finial, inset with an engraved blued steel cap on the butt, vacant silver escutcheon opposite the lock, silver barrel bolt escutcheons and silver fore-end cap, horn-tipped wooden ramrod with steel worm, and some original finish: in its original fitted mahogany case (the pair missing) lined in green baize, the lid with flushfitting carrying handle, with trade label for 1808-16 25.5cm; 10in barrel See footnote to lot 340. ‡ £3000-5000

163


352

353

352 A .57 CALIBRE LONG SEA SERVICE FLINTLOCK PISTOL, EARLY 19TH CENTURY with tapering barrel struck with ordnance marks and moulded at the breech, border-engraved lock with ‘Tower’ and ‘GR’ crowned, rounded pan, full stock stamped with Ordnance marks and the date, brass mounts, steel belt hook, and later ramrod 30.5cm; 12in barrel ‡ £1500-2000

164

353 A .650 CALIBRE LIGHT DRAGOON FLINTLOCK PISTOL, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1820 with tapering barrel moulded at the breech, border-engraved regulation lock with ‘GR’ crowned, regulation walnut full stock stamped with Ordnance marks, regulation brass mounts, and steel ramrod 22.8cm; 9in barrel ‡ £500-700


354

355

354 A 10 BORE FLINTLOCK PISTOL BY HARVEY WALKLATE MORTIMER, CIRCA 1785-90 with swamped sighted barrel signed on a short flat, engraved with a band of beadwork, stamped with London proof marks and the barrelsmith’s mark over the breech, finely engraved tang decorated with further beadwork and a bouquet of flowers, stepped bolted lock signed ‘W.H. Mortimer’ [sic], decorated with scrolls and a flower on the tail and a sunburst from a cloud behind the pan, the cock engraved en suite , figured walnut full stock (fore-end cracked), flat-sided butt, engraved steel mounts including trigger-guard with acorn finial, with some early finish throughout, and horn tipped ramrod with steel worm 22.5cm; 8 3/4in barrel See footnote to lot 340. ‡ £1200-1800

355 A 22 BORE FLINTLOCK OVER-AND-UNDER PISTOL BY TATHAM AND EGG, NO. 1121, CIRCA 1810 with tapering sighted rebrowned barrels, the upper rifled and formed with a long flat, each stamped with platinum lined barrelsmith’s mark, inlaid with a further platinum line, and with platinum lined vents, engraved tang decorated with foliage and a globe, inlaid with a further platinum line and incorporating the back-sight, signed stepped locks engraved with border ornament, a sunburst and foliage, fitted with semi rainproof pans, rollers, bolt safety-catches and ‘French’ cocks, highly figured walnut saw-handle butt (cracked through, small chips), cut with a panel of chequering on each side, with provision for a shoulder stock, fitted with an engraved band of steel around the pommel and inset with a plaque inscribed ‘Tatham & Egg improvement’, engraved numbered trigger-guard, silver escutcheon engraved with the owner’s initials, perhaps J.J.C (scratched), and steel ramrod with pineapple chequered tip, probably the original 20.3cm; 8in barrels Joseph Egg and Henry Tatham were in partnership circa 1801-14. ‡ £3500-4500 165


356

356 A PAIR OF 32 BORE FLINTLOCK TRAVELLING PISTOLS SIGNED BUNNEY, LONDON, PRIVATE PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1790 with two-stage brass swamped barrels, octagonal breeches, box-lock actions with a trophy-of-arms oval inscribed ‘London’ on the right and signed on a rococo scroll on the left, engraved tangs, flat-sided figured walnut butts with bevelled edges, engraved steel sliding trigger-guard safety-catches, and associated horn-tipped ramrods, one with a steel worm 13.4cm; 5 1/4in barrels (2) ‡ £1500-2500

166


357 A 25 BORE FLINTLOCK PISTOL BY HADLEY, LONDON, PRIVATE PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1770 with brass three-stage turn-off barrel numbered ‘1’, numbered breech, brass action signed on a scroll on the left, inscribed ‘London’ on a further scroll on the right and delicately engraved with rococo scrolls and flowers throughout, flat sided walnut butt inlaid with silver wire scrolls and pellets (some inlay replaced), the spine inlaid en suite, and engraved sliding triggerguard safety-catch 13.7cm; 5 3/8in barrel

357

‡ £600-800 358 A FLINTLOCK BLUNDERBUSS PISTOL BY KNUBLEY, LONDON, CIRCA 1800 with brass barrel formed in three stages divided by raised mouldings, swelling strongly towards the muzzle, octagonal over the breech, fitted with a pair of ramrodpipes on the right and beneath with sprung bayonet, signed box-lock action decorated with a trophy-of-arms on each side (tang screw replaced), sliding thumb-piece safetycatch, engraved steel trigger-guard sliding to release the bayonet, flat-sided walnut butt, and vacant silver escutcheon 23.2cm; 9 1/8in barrel

358

‡ £1500-2000 359 A FLINTLOCK BLUNDERBUSS PISTOL BY DOIDGE, PLYMOUTH DOCK, CIRCA 1800 with two-stage brass barrel swelling strongly towards the muzzle, formed with raised mouldings and stamped with County Down census number ‘D-N10715’ over the octagonal breech, fitted beneath with sprung bayonet, box-lock action signed in script on the left and inscribed ‘Plymouth Dock’ on the right, each beneath a rococo swag, sliding thumb-piece safety-catch, trigger-guard engraved with a rococo flower and sliding to release the bayonet, and flatsided walnut butt 18.5cm; 7 1/4in barrel

359

John Doidge is recorded as gunmaker and sword cutler in Plymouth Dock circa 1797. ‡ £1500-2000

167


360

361

360 A 22 BORE FLINTLOCK PISTOL BY GRIFFIN AND TOW, LONDON, LONDON SILVER HALLMARKS, MAKERS MARK IK, CIRCA 1772-82 with turn-off cannon barrel moulded at the muzzle, finely engraved breech signed on a scroll over a trophy-of-arms and inscribed ‘London’ beneath the steel spring, engraved tang, engraved side hammer action (cock repaired), figured walnut butt, engraved steel sliding trigger-guard also forming the safety-catch, silver mounts finely cast and chased in low relief, comprising an elaborate trophy-of-arms side-plate, vacant escutcheon, and the pommel formed as a winged angelic figure 14cm; 5 1/2in barrel

361 A 16 BORE FLINTLOCK PISTOL BY DAVID WYNN, LONDINI, CIRCA 1720 with turn-off cannon barrel moulded at the muzzle, rounded breech engraved with strawberry foliage and inscribed ‘Londini’, engraved separate tang with acorn finial extending over the breech, border-engraved action signed beneath the pan, figured walnut butt carved with a raised moulding about the tang and inlaid with silver wire opposite the lock, moulded iron trigger-guard, moulded silver butt-cap, and vacant silver escutcheon (the engraving and maker’s signature refreshed, restorations) 16cm; 6 1/4in barrel

Joseph Griffin and Benjamin Tow are recorded at 10 New Bond Street 1772-82.

David Wynn was admitted to the Freedom of the Gunmaker’s Company on 7th April 1715, started his own business five years later in St James Westminster and died in 1729.

‡ £900-1200

‡ £600-800

168


362

362 A PAIR OF 32 BORE FLINTLOCK TRAVELLING PISTOLS BY J. BLANCH, LONDON, CIRCA 1820 with octagonal sighted barrels signed in script, inlaid with gold lines and engraved with a band at the breeches, gold-lined vents, finely engraved tangs incorporating the back-sights, signed engraved stepped locks, fitted with ‘French cocks, semi rainproof pans (one pan fence and steel tip chipped), rollers and bolt safety-catches, figured walnut full stocks (small cracks), chequered butts, engraved steel mounts including trigger-guards with pineapple finials (the steel parts with areas of pitting), silver grotesque mask butt-caps, vacant silver escutcheons, and one with original brass-tipped ramrod (the other replaced) 15.2cm; 6in barrels (2)

John (1) Blanch is recorded circa 1784-1839, he worked for John Manton and then formed a partnership with Mortimer as Mortimer and Blanch 1811-12. ‡ £2500-3500

169


363

363 A PAIR OF 16 BORE FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOLS BY WILLIAM (2) TURVEY, CIRCA 1760 with swamped barrels signed within a linear frame drawn-out to a loop over the breeches, stamped with London proof marks and the barrelsmith’s mark, engraved tangs, signed border-engraved rounded locks (one top-jaw and screw replaced), figured walnut full stocks (extensively repaired), carved with a scallop moulding about the tangs, engraved brass mounts comprising flush-fitting side plates, trigger-guards with simple acorn finials, spurred pommels decorated with expanded flowerheads, vacant escutcheons, baluster ramrod-pipes (one replaced) and wooden ramrods with steel tips, probably the original 20.5cm; 8 1/4in barrels (2) William (2) Turvey apprenticed to George Turvey in 1742 and was made free of the Gunmakers Company circa 1750. ‡ £2500-3000

170


364

364 A PAIR OF 20 BORE FLINTLOCK PISTOLS BY JOVER, LONDON, CIRCA 1780 with swamped barrels inscribed ‘London’ within a linear frame drawn-out in a loop over the breeches (light pitting), engraved tangs decorated with a rococo flower, signed rounded locks engraved with border ornament (one cock repaired), figured walnut full stocks, engraved brass mounts of livery type, including flush-fitting scrolling side-plates, trigger-guards engraved with a flower on the bows, spurred pommels, and vacant escutcheons, and original horn-tipped wooden ramrods with steel worms (one incomplete) 21cm; 8 1/4in barrels (2) See footnote to lot 348. ‡ £2500-3500

171


365

365 A PAIR OF 18 BORE FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOLS BY THEOPHILUS RICHARDS, BIRMINGHAM PRIVATE PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1800 with swamped barrels formed in two stages, incised with lines over the breeches and engraved with a band of beadwork, scroll-engraved grooved tangs, signed rounded borderengraved locks, figured walnut full stocks carved with a scroll and a scalloped moulding about the breech tangs, steel mounts comprising pierced scrolling side-plates, engraved spurred pommels decorated with scrolls, broad trigger-guards decorated with a flower on the bows and with foliate terminals, vacant escutcheons, a pair of ramrod-pipes (the steel parts with light pitting throughout, some engraving refreshed), and horn-tipped wooden ramrods, perhaps the original 23.2cm; 9 1/8in barrels (2)

172

Theophilus Richards, father of William Westley Richards, is recorded in Birmingham circa 1799-1833. â&#x20AC;Ą ÂŁ3000-5000


366

366 A PAIR OF 20 BORE SILVER-MOUNTED FLINTLOCK PISTOLS BY JOSEPH CLARKSON, CIRCA 1730 with turn-off cannon barrels numbered ‘1’ and ‘2’ respectively, signed rounded breeches stamped with London proof marks and the barrelsmith’s mark, engraved tangs, border-engraved actions (one cock replaced, one pan-fence and one comb chipped), swelling figured walnut butts, silver mounts cast and chased with rococo ornament, comprising pierced side-plates, grotesque mask caps, and vacant escutcheons, and sliding moulded steel trigger-guard safety-catches with studs for release 11.5cm; 4 /2in barrels (2)

Joseph Clarkson, a gun and crossbowmaker, was Free of the Gunmaker’s Company in 1715 and made guns for the Ordnance circa 1723. ‡ £2500-3500

173


367

367 A PAIR OF 22 BORE FLINTLOCK PISTOLS BY KNUBLEY, CHARING CROSS, LONDON, CIRCA 1790 with octagonal swamped sighted barrels signed in full on the flats (one muzzle with areas of pitting), inlaid with an engraved gold line at the breeches, gold-lined vents, finely engraved tangs incorporating the back-sights, finely engraved signed stepped locks decorated with flowers on the tails and sunbursts behind the pans, fitted with semi rainproof pans, rollers, bolt safety-catches, and engraved cocks en suite, figured walnut full stocks with so-called ‘Wogdon’ flat-sided butts, engraved blued steel mounts comprising trigger-guards with pineapple finials, butt-caps decorated with flowers, and two ramrod-pipes, silver shield-shaped escutcheons engraved with the owner’s initials ‘JEB’, one retaining its original steel-tipped wooden ramrod (the other replaced), and some early finish throughout 19.7cm; 7 3/4in barrels (2) See footnote to lot 345. ‡ £3000-4000

174


368

368 A PAIR OF 20 BORE SILVER-MOUNTED FLINTLOCK PISTOLS BY RICHARDS, STRAND, LONDON, SILVER HALLMARK, MAKER’S MARK IK, CIRCA 1770 with turn-off cannon barrels, one numbered ‘1’, rounded breeches signed within a finely engraved rococo trophy-ofarms panel, inscribed ‘Strand, London’ beneath the pans, struck with London proof and foreigner’s mark, finely engraved tangs and locks, the latter decorated with border ornament, highly figured walnut butts, carved with a moulding in low relief about the tangs, silver mounts cast and chased in low relief, comprising trophy-of-arms side-plates, vacant escutcheons, and grotesque mask caps, and engraved sliding trigger-guards safety-catches decorated with a rococo flowers on the bows 15.3cm; 6in barrels (2)

Almost certainly by John (1) Richards who became Free of the Gunmaker’s Company in 1781. He is recorded at 114 Strand circa 1775-7, 25 Strand 1778-80 and 54 Strand 1782-1808. ‡ £3500-4000

END OF SALE

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Sale Results for 20th March 2013 The following prices are the hammer prices GBP/£. Unsold lots are not shown. Thomas Del Mar Ltd is not responsible for typographical errors or omissions 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61

£500 £3,000 £6,800 £3,500 £5,200 £1,000 £1,600 £2,600 £2,000 £300 £4,200 £2,800 £13,000 £4,000 £3,000 £2,800 £6,000 £5,000 £2,800 £1,800 £1,000 £650 £3,800 £1,400 £26,000 £12,000 £25,000 £5,800 £8,500 £12,000 £7,500 £13,000 £2,600 £750 £450 £2,800 £1,300 £320 £360 £3,200 £550 £5,500 £3,200 £1,600 £600 £900 £800 £100 £850 £700 £800 £2,000 £1,400 £2,200 £4,600 £800 £700 £650 £750 £850 £1,600

62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122

£650 £800 £750 £600 £400 £1,500 £450 £650 £1,200 £1,700 £480 £850 £400 £450 £50,000 £31,000 £36,000 £140 £170 £400 £520 £450 £900 £800 £650 £480 £650 £1,300 £240 £240 £4,000 £6,000 £1,400 £700 £900 £500 £350 £400 £380 £1,300 £600 £220 £1,300 £2,200 £1,050 £650 £850 £1,800 £38,000 £14,000 £30,000 £5,000 £1,100 £220 £3,500 £300 £320 £320 £300 £150 £150

123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183

£650 £260 £150 £2,400 £380 £420 £220 £65 £600 £2,600 £2,100 £1,200 £3,000 £4,300 £4,000 £4,600 £700 £2,200 £4,200 £520 £1,300 £21,000 £2,200 £28,000 £550 £400 £160 £260 £300 £85 £280 £350 £320 £35 £170 £260 £180 £75 £500 £850 £800 £4,500 £5,200 £300 £170 £1,300 £130 £2,400 £1,500 £1,300 £20,000 £3,600 £1,800 £1,000 £300 £5,500 £500 £3,000 £1,500 £600 £1,200

184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244

£950 £600 £120 £90 £40 £800 £2,000 £3,500 £3,000 £2,200 £1,600 £1,300 £400 £1,400 £1,300 £1,700 £1,300 £1,200 £400 £1,500 £950 £80 £40 £750 £750 £650 £1,500 £380 £700 £380 £3,000 £150 £700 £220 £1,200 £500 £1,300 £1,500 £950 £170 £850 £480 £380 £420 £220 £500 £850 £1,600 £1,900 £1,300 £750 £700 £750 £800 £3,000 £700 £500 £800 £800 £350 £450

245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305

£150 £700 £500 £380 £280 £1,600 £1,050 £450 £750 £420 £900 £1,900 £380 £300 £320 £850 £280 £450 £650 £900 £220 £340 £100 £280 £2,800 £1,000 £550 £2,200 £2,000 £260 £550 £350 £30,000 £19,000 £12,000 £32,000 £26,000 £16,000 £12,500 £7,000 £7,500 £7,500 £6,000 £2,400 £3,800 £10,000 £11,000 £9,000 £3,000 £3,300 £800 £900 £1,100 £1,050 £850 £1,000 £900 £450 £1,800 £1,300 £2,800

306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366

£1,200 £1,400 £1,400 £750 £1,700 £4,500 £3,200 £2,200 £900 £5,600 £12,000 £3,200 £1,850 £1,400 £1,800 £1,200 £3,000 £400 £1,500 £1,500 £2,400 £400 £1,500 £1,300 £2,200 £1,800 £1,500 £1,500 £850 £400 £450 £600 £650 £420 £300 £350 £2,000 £220 £80 £1,500 £1,200 £1,700 £600 £1,400 £1,800 £650 £750 £500 £800 £650 £420 £340 £260 £85 £420 £220 £8,000 £900 £1,300 £8,500 £18,000

367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427

£400 £700 £450 £360 £300 £300 £260 £1,800 £3,900 £650 £420 £500 £240 £750 £380 £820 £1,400 £750 £950 £300 £1,200 £1,800 £1,800 £320 £260 £220 £300 £200 £4,000 £3,000 £800 £550 £1,600 £350 £700 £380 £350 £140 £150 £150 £1,200 £1,700 £550 £2,000 £1,300 £800 £240 £300 £260 £460 £300 £240 £480 £320 £300 £300 £450 £130 £80 £320 £280

428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484

£900 £1,050 £100 £700 £550 £240 £4,200 £1,400 £220 £850 £1,400 £500 £850 £170 £190 £140 £1,600 £75 £850 £650 £2,200 £220 £800 £500 £550 £450 £190 £480 £300 £2,200 £1,600 £140 £1,200 £400 £4,200 £550 £1,700 £750 £850 £1,900 £250 £200 £650 £650 £280 £600 £900 £1,000 £350 £900 £3,800 £3,800 £9,000 £3,000 £3,600 £2,000 £2,200


Thomas Del Mar Ltd In association with Sothebyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s

Antique Arms, Armour & Militaria 4th December 2013


Arms & Armour Society The Society was formed in 1950 by a small group of dedicated enthusiasts to further the study of arms and armour, from earliest times, by bringing together scholars, collectors, professional experts and all who share this common interest. It has now grown into one of the leading groups of those concerned in the study, collection and preservation of arms and armour. A Journal, published twice yearly, is recognised worldwide as one of the most authoritative publications in this field and is the preferred medium for original research papers. A quarterly Newsletter keeps members in touch with the Society's many activities and major events in the world of arms and armour. Membership is open to all who share this interest and enables them to participate in monthly meetings held at The Tower of London, lectures, visits to places of arms and armour interest and to seek help and advice on their queries. In addition the Society keeps a close eye on all matters affecting the collection and ownership of arms, particularly with regard to legislation, and makes appropriate representations on behalf of members, to safeguard their interests. If you take pleasure in the collection or study of armour, swords, firearms and other arms, it will be greatly increased by membership of this Society, by bringing you into contact with others, including many of the world's leading experts, who share your interest. Moreover, it will enable you to take an active part in furthering your knowledge and that of your fellow members and, by joining with them, help to safeguard the future. Two categories of membership are open to you: CORRESPONDING MEMBERSHIP Annual membership fee is £15 UK and overseas, surface mail, £20 overseas airmail. This entitles you to the Journals and Newsletters, attendance at three Meetings at the Tower of London each year and full participation in all the Society's other activities. FULL MEMBERSHIP Annual membership fee is £25. This is by election after attending two meetings as a Corresponding Member or Guest and application and proposal forms may be obtained from the Hon. Secretary. Full membership entitles you to attend all twelve of the meetings at the Tower of London in addition to the other benefits of membership, as above. Send for an application form for membership and a free copy of the latest Newsletter to: The Honorary Treasurer The Arms and Armour Society 135 Peterborough Road Leyton E10 6EL


Conditions of Business for Buyers 1.

Introduction (a) The contractual relationship of Thomas Del Mar Ltd. and Sellers with prospective Buyers is governed by:(i) these Conditions of Business for Buyers; (ii) the Conditions of Business for Sellers displayed in the saleroom and available from Thomas Del Mar Ltd.; (iii) Thomas Del Mar Ltd.’s Authenticity Guarantee; (iv) any additional notices and terms printed in the sale catalogue, in each case as amended by any saleroom notice or auctioneer's announcement. (b) As auctioneer, Thomas Del Mar Ltd. acts as agent for the Seller. Occasionally, Thomas Del Mar Ltd. may own or have a financial interest in a lot.

2. Definitions “Bidder” is any person making, attempting or considering making a bid, including Buyers; “Buyer” is the person who makes the highest bid or offer accepted by the auctioneer, including a Buyer’s principal when bidding as agent; “Seller” is the person offering a lot for sale, including their agent, or executors; “TDM” means Thomas Del Mar Ltd., 25 Blythe Road, London, W14 0PD, company number 5368339. “Buyer’s Expenses” are any costs or expenses due to Thomas Del Mar Ltd. from the Buyer; “Buyer’s Premium” is the commission payable by the Buyer on the Hammer Price at the rates set out in the Guide for Prospective Buyers; “Hammer Price” is the highest bid for the Property accepted by the auctioneer at the auction or the post auction sale price; “Purchase Price” is the Hammer Price plus applicable Buyer’s Premium and Buyer’s Expenses; “Reserve Price” (where applicable) is the minimum Hammer Price at which the Seller has agreed to sell a lot. The Buyer’s Premium, Buyer’s Expenses and Hammer Price are subject to VAT, where applicable. 3. Examination of Lots (a) TTDM’s knowledge of lots is partly dependent on information provided by the Seller and TDM is unable to exercise exhaustive due diligence on each lot. Each lot is available for examination before sale. Bidders are responsible for carrying out examinations and research before sale to satisfy themselves over the condition of lots and accuracy of descriptions. (b) All oral and/or written information provided to Bidders relating to lots, including descriptions in the catalogue, condition reports or elsewhere are statements of TDM’s opinion and not representations of fact. Estimates may not be relied on as a prediction of the selling price or value of the lot and may be revised from time to time at TDM’s absolute discretion. 4. Exclusions and limitations of liability to Buyers (a) TDM shall refund the Purchase Price to the Buyer in circumstances where it deems that the lot is a Counterfeit, subject to the terms of TDM’s Authenticity Guarantee. (b) Subject to Condition 4(a), neither TDM nor the Seller:(i) is liable for any errors or omissions in any oral or written information provided to Bidders by TDM, whether negligent or otherwise; (ii) gives any guarantee or warranty to Bidders and any implied warranties and conditions are excluded (save in so far as such obligations cannot be excluded by English law), other than the express warranties given by the Seller to the Buyer (for which the Seller is solely responsible) under the Conditions of Business for Sellers; (iii) accepts responsibility to Bidders for acts or omissions (whether negligent or otherwise) by TDM in connection with the conduct of auctions or for any matter relating to the sale of any lot. (c) Without prejudice to Condition 4(b), any claim against TDM

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and/ or the Seller by a Bidder is limited to the Purchase Price for the relevant lot. Neither TDM nor the Seller shall be liable for any indirect or consequential losses. 5. Bidding at Auction (a) TDM has absolute discretion to refuse admission to the auction. Before sale, Bidders must complete a Registration Form and supply such information and references as TDM requires. Bidders are personally liable for their bid and are jointly and severally liable with their principal, if bidding as agent (in which case TDM’s prior and express consent must be obtained). (b) TDM advises Bidders to attend the auction, but TDM will endeavour to execute absentee written bids provided that they are, in TDM’s opinion, received in sufficient time and in legible form. (c) When available, written and telephone bidding is offered as a free service at the Bidder’s risk and subject to TDM’s other commitments; TDM is therefore not liable for failure to execute such bids. Telephone bidding may be recorded. 6. Import, Export and Copyright Restrictions TDM and the Seller make no representations or warranties as to whether any lot is subject to import, export or copyright restrictions. It is the Buyer's sole responsibility to obtain any copyright clearance or any necessary import, export or other licence required by law, including licenses required under the Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES). 7.

Conduct of the Auction (a) The auctioneer has discretion to refuse bids, withdraw or reoffer lots for sale (including after the fall of the hammer) if (s)he believes that there may be an error or dispute, and may also take such other action as (s)he reasonably deems necessary. (b) The auctioneer will commence and advance the bidding in such increments as (s)he considers appropriate and is entitled to place bids on the Seller’s behalf up to the Reserve Price for the lot, where applicable. (c) Subject to Condition 7(a), the contract between the Buyer and the Seller is concluded on the striking of the auctioneer's hammer. (d) Any post-auction sale of lots shall incorporate these Conditions of Business. 8. Payment and Collection (a) Unless otherwise agreed in advance, payment of the Purchase Price is due in pounds sterling immediately after the auction (the "Payment Date"). (b) Title in a lot will not pass to the Buyer until TDM has received the Purchase Price in cleared funds. TDM will generally not release a lot to a Buyer before payment. Earlier release shall not affect passing of title or the Buyer's obligation to pay the Purchase Price, as above. (c) The refusal of any licence or permit required by law, as outlined in Condition 6, shall not affect the Buyer’s obligation to pay for the lot, as per Condition 8(a). (d) The Buyer must arrange collection of lots within 10 working days of the auction. Purchased lots are at the Buyer's risk from the earlier of (i) collection or (ii) 10 working days after the auction. Until risk passes, TDM will compensate the Buyer for any loss or damage to the lot up to a maximum of the Purchase Price actually paid by the Buyer. TDM’s assumption of risk is subject to the exclusions detailed in Condition 5(d) of the Conditions of Business for Sellers. (e) All packing and handling of lots is at the Buyer's risk. TDM will not be liable for any acts or omissions of third party packers or shippers. 9. Remedies for non-payment Without prejudice to any rights that the Seller may have, if the


Buyer without prior agreement fails to make payment for the lot within 5 working days of the auction, TDM may in its sole discretion exercise 1 or more of the following remedies:(a) store the lot at its premises or elsewhere at the Buyer’s sole risk and expense; (b) cancel the sale of the lot; (c) set off any amounts owed to the Buyer by TDM against any amounts owed to TDM by the Buyer for the lot; (d) reject future bids from the Buyer; (e) charge interest at 4% per annum above HSBC Bank plc Base Rate from the Payment Date to the date that the Purchase Price is received in cleared funds; (f) re-sell the lot by auction or privately, with estimates and reserves at TDM’s discretion, in which case the Buyer will be liable for any shortfall between the original Purchase Price and the amount achieved on re-sale, including all costs incurred in such re-sale; (g) Exercise a lien over any Buyer’s Property in TDM’s possession, applying the sale proceeds to any amounts owed by the Buyer to TDM. TDM shall give the Buyer 14 days written notice before exercising such lien; (h) commence legal proceedings to recover the Purchase Price for the lot, plus interest and legal costs; (i) disclose the Buyer’s details to the Seller to enable the Seller to commence legal proceedings 10. Failure to collect purchases (a) If the Buyer pays the Purchase Price but does not collect the lot within 20 working days of the auction, the lot will be stored at the Buyer's expense and risk at TDM’s premises or in independent storage. (b) If a lot is paid for but uncollected within 6 months of the

auction, following 60 days written notice to the Buyer, TDM will re-sell the lot by auction or privately, with estimates and reserves at TDM’s discretion. The sale proceeds, less all TDM’s costs, will be forfeited unless collected by the Buyer within 2 years of the original auction. 11. Data Protection (a) TDM will use information supplied by Bidders or otherwise obtained lawfully by TDM for the provision of auction related services, client administration, marketing and as otherwise required by law. (b) By agreeing to these Conditions of Business, the Bidder agrees to the processing of their personal information and to the disclosure of such information to third parties world-wide for the purposes outlined in Condition 11(a) and to Sellers as per Condition 9(i). 12. Miscellaneous (a) All images of lots, catalogue descriptions and all other materials produced by TDM are the copyright of TDM. (b) These Conditions of Business are not assignable by any Buyer without TDM’s prior written consent, but are binding on Bidders' successors, assigns and representatives. (c) The materials listed in Condition 1(a) set out the entire agreement between the parties. (d) If any part of these Conditions of Business be held unenforceable, the remaining parts shall remain in full force and effect. (e) These Conditions of Business shall be interpreted in accordance with English Law, under the exclusive jurisdiction of the English Courts, in favour of TDM.

Thomas Del Mar Ltd.‘s Authenticity Guarantee If Thomas Del Mar Ltd. sells an item of Property which is later shown to be a “Counterfeit”, subject to the terms below Thomas Del Mar Ltd. will rescind the sale and refund the Buyer the total amount paid by the Buyer to Thomas Del Mar Ltd. for that Property, up to a maximum of the Purchase Price. The Guarantee lasts for one (1) year after the date of the relevant auction, is for the benefit of the Buyer only and is non-transferable. “Counterfeit” means an item of Property that in Thomas Del Mar Ltd.’s reasonable opinion is an imitation created with the intent to deceive over the authorship, origin, date, age, period, culture or source, where the correct description of such matters is not included in the catalogue description for the Property. Property shall not be considered Counterfeit solely because of any damage and/or restoration and/or modification work (including, but not limited to, recolouring, tooling or repatinating). Please note that this Guarantee does not apply if either:(i) the catalogue description was in accordance with the generally accepted opinions of scholars and experts at the date of the sale, or the catalogue description indicated that there was a conflict of such opinions; or reports produced by the Buyer, and reserves the right to seek additional expert advice at its own expense. In the event Thomas Del Mar Ltd. decides to rescind the sale under this Guarantee, it may refund to the Buyer the reasonable costs of up to two mutually approved independent expert reports, provided always that the costs of such reports have been approved in advance and in writing by Thomas Del Mar Ltd. (ii) the only method of establishing at the date of the sale that the item was a Counterfeit would have been by means of

processes not then generally available or accepted, unreasonably expensive or impractical; or likely to have caused damage to or loss in value to the Property (in Thomas Del Mar Ltd.’s reasonable opinion); or (iii) there has been no material loss in value of the Property from its value had it accorded with its catalogue description. To claim under this Guarantee, the Buyer must:(i) notify Thomas Del Mar Ltd. in writing within one (1) month of receiving any informationthat causes the Buyer to question the authenticity or attribution of the Property, specifying the lot number, date of the auction at which it was purchased and the reasons why it is believed to be Counterfeit; and (ii) return the Property to Thomas Del Mar Ltd. in the same condition as at the date of sale and be able to transfer good title in the Property, free from any third party claims arising after the date of the sale. Thomas Del Mar Ltd. has discretion to waive any of the above requirements. Thomas Del Mar Ltd. may require the Buyer to obtain at the Buyer's cost the reports of two independent and recognised experts in the relevant field and acceptable to Thomas Del Mar Ltd. Thomas Del Mar Ltd. shall not be bound by any reports produced by the Buyer, and reserves the right to seek additional expert advice at its own expense. In the event Thomas Del Mar Ltd. decides to rescind the sale under this Guarantee, it may refund to the Buyer the reasonable costs of up to two mutually approved independent expert reports, provided always that the costs of such reports have been approved in advance and in writing by Thomas Del Mar Ltd.

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Thomas Del Mar Ltd In association with Sotheby’s

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184


Thomas Del Mar Ltd

Absentee Bid Form (Please print or type)

Sale Title Antique Arms, Armour & Militaria Date 26th June 2013

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Code: Ghunstar Please mail, fax, or scan and email to: Thomas Del Mar 25 Blythe Road London W14 0PD Fax +44 (0) 207 602 5973

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Please bid on my behalf at the above sale for the following Lot(s) up to the hammer price(s) mentioned below. These bids are to be executed as cheaply as is permitted by other bids or reserves and in an amount up to but not exceeding the specified amount. The auctioneer may open the bidding on any lot by placing a bid on behalf of the seller. The auctioneer may further bid on behalf of the seller up to the amount of the reserve by placing responsive or consecutive bids for a lot.

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I agree to be bound by Thomas Del Mar Ltd’s Conditions of Business. If any bid is successful, I agree to pay a buyer’s premium on the hammer price at the rate stated in the front of the catalogue and any VAT, or amounts in lieu of VAT, which may be due on the buyer’s premium and the hammer price.

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Methods of Payment Thomas Del Mar Ltd. welcomes the following methods of payment, most of which will facilitate immediate release of your purchases. Wire Transfer to our Bank Electronic transfers may be sent directly to our Bank: HSBC Bank Plc 38 High Street Dartford Kent DA1 1DG

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Thomas Del Mar Ltd


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