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#4 Resilience Through Architecture & Building Technologies

MSc Integrated Urbanism & Sustainable Design (IUSD)

Lecture #2

Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies

Speaker: Ingo Helmedag DAAD Lecturer - Professor at IUSD Masters Ain Shams University

Federal Ministry of Education

Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation Ministry of Higher Education


MSc Integrated Urbanism & Sustainable Design (IUSD)

Integrated Urbanism Dialogues On Resilience

Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies

Ingo Helmedag

#4-2 Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies

Integrated Urbanism Dialogues 2 On Resilience

Dienstag, 9. Oktober 2012

Federal Ministry of Education

Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation Ministry of Higher Education


MSc Integrated Urbanism & Sustainable Design (IUSD)

Integrated Urbanism Dialogues On Resilience

#4-2 Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies Integrated Urbanism Dialogues 2 On Resilience

Worldwide

Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies

- Under the threats of global warming and decreasing fossil energy resources resilience becomes a necessity - The energy change in Europe is part of a possible solution, but people have to pay a prize for it and, as a consequence, the issue of Energy Efficiency comes more into public discussion

Dienstag, 9. Oktober 2012

Federal Ministry of Education

Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation Ministry of Higher Education


MSc Integrated Urbanism & Sustainable Design (IUSD)

Integrated Urbanism Dialogues On Resilience

#4-2 Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies Integrated Urbanism Dialogues 2 On Resilience

MENA Region

Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies

- MENA countries are under the pressure of a rapidly growing population and developing markets - Energy is still subsidized in most countries of the MENA region, often to a vast amount But: - Increasing world energy prizes let the subsidies become to costly for most state budgets - Energies prizes can not easily be raised without the danger to provoke unrest

Dienstag, 9. Oktober 2012

Federal Ministry of Education

Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation Ministry of Higher Education


MSc Integrated Urbanism & Sustainable Design (IUSD)

Integrated Urbanism Dialogues On Resilience

#4-2 Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies Integrated Urbanism Dialogues 2 On Resilience

Differences in MENA Countries

Saudi Arabia, Abu Dhabi

Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies

- Situation in the MENA countries is different but an estimated 40-60 % of all prime energies are consumed in buildings - Resilience through energy efficient architecture and building technologies seems to be an attractive and practicable part of a solution - Saudi Arabia uses an estimated third of its oil production to satisfy domestic energy needs, a ratio which will rise to approximately 50 % by 2030 - Abu Dhabi uses more than half of its domestic energy consumption for water desalination source: Elgendy, K., Sustainability in the desert, Detail Green 2/2011

Masdar City, Abu Dhabi

Indoor Ski Venue, Dubai

Dienstag, 9. Oktober 2012

Federal Ministry of Education

Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation Ministry of Higher Education


MSc Integrated Urbanism & Sustainable Design (IUSD)

Integrated Urbanism Dialogues On Resilience

#4-2 Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies Integrated Urbanism Dialogues 2 On Resilience Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies

Jordan

- Jordan has no own energy fossil energy deposits and and is considered as one of the most water scarce countries in the world - Oil products in Jordan have reached the world market price Gas-cylinders for cooking and heating purposes remain subsidized - Jordan faces protests and demonstrations on rising energy prizes But, on the planning side, there seems to be no relevant mind change: - The city of Amman grows, kind of uncontrolled, into fertile lands to the west Amman West, view from the Airport Road

Dienstag, 9. Oktober 2012

Federal Ministry of Education

Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation Ministry of Higher Education


MSc Integrated Urbanism & Sustainable Design (IUSD)

#4-2 Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies

Integrated Urbanism Dialogues On Resilience

Integrated Urbanism Dialogues 2 On Resilience

Jordan - Housing Sector - Building Routines Wall Mounting

Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies

- The usual structure is a load bearing iron-concrete skeleton - The structure will be completed with cement hollow block stones, concrete and a natural stone cladding - There are building codes in the country now emphasizing on energy efficiency, demanding an insulation layer - A problem is the control of building codes, the higher initial costs for insulation material and a lack of professional knowledge on all sides - The insulation layer is interrupted by columns and slabs and thermal bridges are resulting - Possible thermal storage material is outside the insulation layer

Dienstag, 9. Oktober 2012

Federal Ministry of Education

Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation Ministry of Higher Education


MSc Integrated Urbanism & Sustainable Design (IUSD)

Integrated Urbanism Dialogues On Resilience

#4-2 Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies Integrated Urbanism Dialogues 2 On Resilience

Jordan - Housing Sector - Building Routines Openings

Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies

- The majority of windows comes with single glazing and a simple hollow aluminium framing - Wooden boxes for roller shutters are not insulated - There are high transmission and ventilation heat losses or gains.

Dienstag, 9. Oktober 2012

Federal Ministry of Education

Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation Ministry of Higher Education


MSc Integrated Urbanism & Sustainable Design (IUSD)

Integrated Urbanism Dialogues On Resilience

#4-2 Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies Integrated Urbanism Dialogues 2 On Resilience

Jordan - Office and Commercial Buildings

Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies

- Most office and commercial buildings in Amman widely use glass fronts or faรงades - Solar glass, which is mostly used, does not allow the use of passive solar energy, does not provide glare protection and diminishes the possible thermal storage mass of the building - Air-conditioning is a must

Dienstag, 9. Oktober 2012

Federal Ministry of Education

Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation Ministry of Higher Education


MSc Integrated Urbanism & Sustainable Design (IUSD)

Integrated Urbanism Dialogues On Resilience

#4-2 Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies Integrated Urbanism Dialogues 2 On Resilience Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies

Cairo - American University Shading Devices AU Cairo

Dienstag, 9. Oktober 2012

Federal Ministry of Education

Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation Ministry of Higher Education


MSc Integrated Urbanism & Sustainable Design (IUSD)

#4-2 Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies

Integrated Urbanism Dialogues On Resilience

Integrated Urbanism Dialogues 2 On Resilience Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies

Egypt, Cairo

- Due to its population and income structure energy in Egypt is highly subsidized accounting for 43 billion EGP in the year 2007/2008 - Electricity demand is rising by 7% yearly - Energy supply is almost completely from fossil energies (more than 95%) But: - By 2020 Egypt wants cover 20% from renewable sources

[econetnorthafrica 2011]

- Over the last months until now Egypt experienced several energy and water shortages provoking resentment under its people, mainly the poor, who are mostly affected

Dienstag, 9. Oktober 2012

Federal Ministry of Education

Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation Ministry of Higher Education


MSc Integrated Urbanism & Sustainable Design (IUSD)

Integrated Urbanism Dialogues On Resilience

#4-2 Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies Integrated Urbanism Dialogues 2 On Resilience

Energy Efficiency

Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies

- In Egypt an estimated 40-50% of all Prime Energies are used in buildings - Energy Efficiency creates financial relief for the state and decreases dependencies from the general energy market - Energy-Efficiency adds to the well-being of the people (especially the poor) and their greater independency from uncertain energy sources

Dienstag, 9. Oktober 2012

Federal Ministry of Education

Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation Ministry of Higher Education


MSc Integrated Urbanism & Sustainable Design (IUSD)

#4-2 Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies

Integrated Urbanism Dialogues On Resilience

Integrated Urbanism Dialogues 2 On Resilience

Climate Considerations for Energy Efficiency

Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies

- Most of the energies in buildings are used for heating or cooling (depending on the prevailing climate) and for lighting - For resilience (against unsafe and expensive energy supplies) and for the well-being of the people (resilience also against harsh climate conditions) we need: - A different and Climate Appropriate Planning And Building Routine away from energy considerations as an „adding“ after the construction is finished towards an integrated planning and technical solution practice - Decentralized solutions are better for resilience than a centralized energy supply (of course the „Desertec“ project as a solar energy provider is needed and in my eyes better than the nuclear power stations some countries in the region are opting for)

Dienstag, 9. Oktober 2012

Federal Ministry of Education

Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation Ministry of Higher Education


MSc Integrated Urbanism & Sustainable Design (IUSD)

Integrated Urbanism Dialogues On Resilience

#4-2 Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies Integrated Urbanism Dialogues 2 On Resilience

Planning - Density and Climate Conditions

Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies

Dienstag, 9. Oktober 2012

Federal Ministry of Education

Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation Ministry of Higher Education


MSc Integrated Urbanism & Sustainable Design (IUSD)

Integrated Urbanism Dialogues On Resilience

#4-2 Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies Integrated Urbanism Dialogues 2 On Resilience

Construction

Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies

Dienstag, 9. Oktober 2012

Federal Ministry of Education

Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation Ministry of Higher Education


MSc Integrated Urbanism & Sustainable Design (IUSD)

Integrated Urbanism Dialogues On Resilience

#4-2 Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies Integrated Urbanism Dialogues 2 On Resilience

Technologies - Shading or Air Conditioning

Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies

Dienstag, 9. Oktober 2012

Federal Ministry of Education

Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation Ministry of Higher Education


MSc Integrated Urbanism & Sustainable Design (IUSD)

Integrated Urbanism Dialogues On Resilience

#4-2 Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies Integrated Urbanism Dialogues 2 On Resilience Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies

Technologies

Eco Lodge Wadi El Feynan Jordan

French School Damascus

Dienstag, 9. Oktober 2012

Federal Ministry of Education

Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation Ministry of Higher Education


MSc Integrated Urbanism & Sustainable Design (IUSD)

Integrated Urbanism Dialogues On Resilience

#4-2 Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies Integrated Urbanism Dialogues 2 On Resilience

Technologies

Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies

- Solar Power only in remote areas? - Solar Air Conditioning for the Cities?

Dienstag, 9. Oktober 2012

Federal Ministry of Education

Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation Ministry of Higher Education


MSc Integrated Urbanism & Sustainable Design (IUSD)

Integrated Urbanism Dialogues On Resilience

#4-2 Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies Integrated Urbanism Dialogues 2 On Resilience

How can we help the poor ?

Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies

Dienstag, 9. Oktober 2012

Federal Ministry of Education

Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation Ministry of Higher Education


MSc Integrated Urbanism & Sustainable Design (IUSD)

Integrated Urbanism Dialogues On Resilience

#4-2 Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies Integrated Urbanism Dialogues 2 On Resilience

How can we help the poor?

Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies

Dienstag, 9. Oktober 2012

Federal Ministry of Education

Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation Ministry of Higher Education


MSc Integrated Urbanism & Sustainable Design (IUSD)

Integrated Urbanism Dialogues On Resilience

#4-2 Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies Integrated Urbanism Dialogues 2 On Resilience

Technologies

Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies

Ghor al Mazra, Dead Sea, Jordan

Dienstag, 9. Oktober 2012

Federal Ministry of Education

Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation Ministry of Higher Education


MSc Integrated Urbanism & Sustainable Design (IUSD)

Integrated Urbanism Dialogues On Resilience

#4-2 Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies Integrated Urbanism Dialogues 2 On Resilience

Technologies

Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies

Ghor al Mazra, Dead Sea, Jordan

Dienstag, 9. Oktober 2012

Federal Ministry of Education

Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation Ministry of Higher Education


MSc Integrated Urbanism & Sustainable Design (IUSD)

Integrated Urbanism Dialogues On Resilience

#4-2 Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies Integrated Urbanism Dialogues 2 On Resilience Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies

- Which construction is more resilient?

Dienstag, 9. Oktober 2012

Federal Ministry of Education

Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation Ministry of Higher Education


MSc Integrated Urbanism & Sustainable Design (IUSD)

Integrated Urbanism Dialogues On Resilience

#4-2 Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies Integrated Urbanism Dialogues 2 On Resilience

Learning from the past?

Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies

- Could there be a participatory approach with traditional building methods?

Dienstag, 9. Oktober 2012

Federal Ministry of Education

Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation Ministry of Higher Education


MSc Integrated Urbanism & Sustainable Design (IUSD)

Integrated Urbanism Dialogues On Resilience

#4-2 Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies Integrated Urbanism Dialogues 2 On Resilience

Design and Build

Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies

- Could there be a participatory approach - Design and Build ?

Dienstag, 9. Oktober 2012

Federal Ministry of Education

Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation Ministry of Higher Education


MSc Integrated Urbanism & Sustainable Design (IUSD)

Integrated Urbanism Dialogues On Resilience

#4-2 Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies Integrated Urbanism Dialogues 2 On Resilience

Hassan Fathy - New Gourna

Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies

Dienstag, 9. Oktober 2012

Federal Ministry of Education

Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation Ministry of Higher Education


MSc Integrated Urbanism & Sustainable Design (IUSD)

Integrated Urbanism Dialogues On Resilience

#4-2 Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies Integrated Urbanism Dialogues 2 On Resilience

Hassan Fathy - Paris, Western Desert

Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies

Hassan Fathy, Paris, Western Desert Dienstag, 9. Oktober 2012

Federal Ministry of Education

Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation Ministry of Higher Education


MSc Integrated Urbanism & Sustainable Design (IUSD)

Integrated Urbanism Dialogues On Resilience

#4-2 Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies Integrated Urbanism Dialogues 2 On Resilience Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies

Dienstag, 9. Oktober 2012

Federal Ministry of Education

Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation Ministry of Higher Education


MSc Integrated Urbanism & Sustainable Design (IUSD)

Integrated Urbanism Dialogues On Resilience

#4-2 Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies Integrated Urbanism Dialogues 2 On Resilience

Old and New in Siwa

Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies

Dienstag, 9. Oktober 2012

Federal Ministry of Education

Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation Ministry of Higher Education


MSc Integrated Urbanism & Sustainable Design (IUSD)

Integrated Urbanism Dialogues On Resilience

#4-2 Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies Integrated Urbanism Dialogues 2 On Resilience Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies

Dienstag, 9. Oktober 2012

Federal Ministry of Education

Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation Ministry of Higher Education


Resilience, Architecture & Building Technologies - Ingo Helmedag