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Pipiwharauroa Pipiri 2014

Pukapuka: Rua Te Kau Ma Tahi

Panui: Ono

Te Kooti Rangatahi Māori Whakanuia

Te Hā o te Rua Rau Rima Tekau Tau

Nō te rua tekau ma waru ō Haratua, te marama kua mahue ake, i whakanuia te ekenga o te ono tau o Te Kooti Rangatahi mai i tana tīmatanga i te marae o Te Poho ō Rāwiri.i te tau rua mano ma waru (2008) Āe he tika tonu kia whakanuia. I taua tau i whakahaeretia te kooti tuatahi mo ngā rangatahi ki runga i te marae. Ko te whakaaro nui kia whakawātia ā tātou tamariki i te marae, kaua ki roto i ngā kooti a iwi.

Ā te tau Rua Mano Ngahuru ma Iwa

Ko te āhuatanga whakahirahira e pā ana ki taua whakaritenga, ara kia tū rātou i waenga i ngā pakitara o ō rātou tipuna, kia tū ki te takutaku i ō rātou pepeha, whakapapa hei tūranga mō rātou kia hī ake ai ō rātou wairua, kia mōhio ai rātou he Māori rātou i heke mai i ngā kāwai rangatira. Ko te tangata rongonui nāna i tīmata tēnei kaupapa arā ko te kaiwhakawā Māori ko Tiati Heemi Taumaunu. I toko ake tēnei whakaaro mai i a ia, me ētahi atu pēra i ngā Pirihimana, Ngā Kaiāwhina Rangatahi, a CYFS me ētahi atu roopu o te hapori.

Taiohi - Te wero whakatau i ngā manuhiri

Nā ngā rangatahi mau rākau i raro i te mana ako ō Mike Timu i whakatau te wero pōhiri i te marea whakaeke ki Tūranga Ararau i te rā i whakanuia ai te rā ekenga ki te ono tau. Nō tēnei rā ka hoki ngā whakaaro mō te kuia tautoko i te kaupapa mai i te tīmatanga, arā ki a Rawinia Te Kani. He tika tonu kia whakamomori mō te wā whakamaumaharatanga ki a ia me ana mahi i waenga i te hapori. Haere e kui, e kore koe e wareware i a mātou. Nā konei i tīmata. Inaianei puta noa i te motu,tekau ma rua ēnei tūmomo kooti e whakahaeretia ana i runga i ngā marae hei āwhina i ngā rangatahi kua taka

On Friday 13th  June  the Manutuke Community hosted His Excellency, Lt Gen The Rt Hon Sir Jerry Mateparae, GNZM, QSO Governor-General of New Zealand at the Toko Toru Tapu Church and Manutuke Marae.   Following a powhiri at the Marae and welcome by Taha Steward and Tu Wyllie, His Excellency was welcomed to the church by Archbishop Brown Turei.   At the church Stan Pardoe, the Restoration Trust Chairman, outlined the history of the church and the carvings, before James Blackburne and Peter Smith, Architect and Engineer for the project outlined the work that has been done to date and some of the issues the project has had to deal with. Following a tour of the church the party returned to the Marae and a lunch in Māori Battalion where Jasper Holdsworth of Pultron Industries gave a talk

Inside this month...

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Harakeke - Raranga

Jody Wyllie providing a presentation to the offical party on the history of the connection between the Church and the Marae

about the use of Mateen Bar in the project which was donated by Pultron for the project and was one of the first heritage buildings to use the product in New Zealand. During lunch Jody Wyllie presented a talk about the history of the marae and the historical connection between the church and Marae over the past 100 years.   His presentation also included historical images of the previous churches on the site. The restoration trustees are looking to call a hui in the coming months to provide the community an update on the project and outline the work that is needed to complete the project and the fund raising efforts.   Our Aussie whānau are planning a Masquerade Ball in Sydney on the 13th September.  The event is shaping up to be very spectacular and the organisers are hoping to raise over $20,000, which will be a tremendous boost to the project. 

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Ngā Pakanga o Te Ao

Nō te tau 2013 i tīmata ai te whakatakoto mahere, hōtaka mō te whakanui i te “Te Hā o te Rua Rau Rima Tekau Tau”, ka whakataungia i te Whiringa a Nuku 2013 e te iwi, e te hapori. Ā te tau 2019 ka whakanuia te taunga mai o Kāpene Kuki ki tēnei whenua. E ai ki a Anne Tolley, Te Mema o te Paremata mō te Tairāwhiti, he tika tonu kia whakanuia te taunga mai o Kāpene Kuki me te tūtakina tuatahi ki ngā Māori ō Uawa me Ōpoutama ara ngā ana ō Kuki E tautokohia ana hoki aua whakaritenga e te Poari Mauri o te Paremata.

Toko Toru Tapu Church

The newly rennovated Toko Toru Tapu Church

Te Poari Whakahaere o Te Hā o te Rua Rau Rima Tekau Tau

Ko te heamana whakahaere i aua nekeneke ko Richard Brooking. Ko te ingoa o te tari whakahaere “Ko Te Hā” ara te whakakotahitanga o te hā o te Māori me te Pākehā. E ai ki a Richard nā te whakakotahitanga o te hā ka puta ngā mahi papai mō tēnei rohe. Anō hoki ki te tiro whakamuri ka kitea ngā iranga, ngā karinga,,ngā tohunga āhua reo kē ki te whai haere i ngā tapuwae o iwi kē i whakawhiti mai nō te Rāwhiti ki te Tonga o Haina, puta noa i ngā moutere. I whakaae te Poari Mauri kia whakataungia te ekenga o te Rua rau rima ngahuru tau o te taenga mai o Rūtene James Kuki i runga i tana waka Endeavour. E tautoko ana hoki rātou koinei te taunga tuatahi o Kapene Kuki ki Aotearoa, ā he tika tonu kia whakanuia. Ki a Tā Jerry Matepārae te Kāwana Tianara o Aotearoa tino hari koa ana ia i te whakarewatangatia o tēnei kaupapa whakahirahira, te whakanuitanga o te tūtakina o ngā iwi e rua. E tīka ana hoki kia whakanuia rātou ō tātou tīpuna i whakawhiti mai ki tēnei whenua. Ko te kōrero kei te haere, arā ka muia tātou e te manomano tāngata. Ki te hoki whakamuri o koutou whakaaro ki te tau rua mano ana Eiiii kia mataara kei te whakaekea tātou e ngā iwi katoa o te motu, o te ao ki te whakanui i tēnei kaupapa. Ka tau mai hoki ngā waka a Tangaroa. He rae ki te rae, He ihu ki te ihu Te hau ka rere, Te hau ka tau

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Māori in WW1

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tŪranga health

Panui


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Founded October 1898 Pukapuka: Rua Te Kau Ma Tahi Pānui: Ono Te Marama: Pipiri Te Tau: 2014 ISSN: 1176-4228 (Print) ISSN: 2357-187X (Online)

Pīpīwharauroa takes its name from ‘He Kupu Whakamārama Pīpīwharauroa’, which was printed in October, 1899 by Te Rau Print and edited by the late Reverend Reweti Kohere. Pīpīwharauroa was re-launched on 20 October, 1993. Produced and edited by: Te Rūnanga o Tūranganui-ā-Kiwa Tūranga Ararau Printed by: The Gisborne Herald Email: pipiwharauroa@ta-pte.org.nz Phone: (06) 868 1081

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Haunui Waka

I was one of the three students from Tūranga Ararau who were fortunate enough to be selected to sail on the Haunui voyaging waka from Gisborne to Auckland on the 28 May 2014. The voyage was a once in a life time experience that I will never forget, the following are some snippets of our journey that I would like to share with you all: The first night was introductions, me and my fellow colleagues - Ihaka Wharepapa and Sheldon Barbarich were invited to attend a dinner at the Gisborne Yacht Club to meet the skipper Arnie and crew. The warm greeting we received when we entered that room was amazing, straight away we were accepted as part of the whānau and taken under their wing. With all newbies (first time crew members) a requirement is we had to sleep on the waka while in dock, just to get to know Haunui before we go out to sea.

The next morning was game on – wakeup was at 6am, there was no pre-training just straight into it learning on the job, each member was allocated shifts which followed the H.D.L.S work routine. “H” is hoi (steering rudder) where member’s responsibility is to steer the waka to ensure the waka stays on course. “D” is for deck which means you have to check all the ropes making sure that the ropes aren’t loose and also to make sure the waka is in good condition to sail. “L” is for log, so what we would do is fill in a log book which contained the cloud cover, the waves and also the location of where we were at the time of each shift. “S” is for standby which is when you would stand by on the hoi in case the bro needed help when the sea got too rough. Throughout the first day we spent most of it just familiarizing ourselves with the crew getting to know each person on there so we were able to create that special bond between all of the haunui crew. Before we departed from port we had to change the sails and the mast from our traditional ones to the Bermuda sails which were the sails that we use while out at sea. We also had to make sure all ropes were tied down and secured to prevent the sails from flapping because then they would catch back wind and the waka would sail off course. After everything was safe and secure it was time to depart and set sail for Auckland.

William Brown, son of Tama and Lyn Brown celebrated his 21st birthday early this month at the Poverty Bay Golf Club with friends and family. Tama told the gathering that “we are celebrating William’s 21 years and wishing him well for the future as he moves from a student to a working man.” William joined the greenkeeping team at the Poverty Bay Golf Club in April this year as the apprentice greenkeeper. This is the career path that William is focussing on now, moving from playing on courses to grooming courses. William is pictured here with his Mum Lyn.

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Nau Mai Haunui - Huringa tau

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Pipiwharauroa Pipiwharauroa Page 2

We set sail for Auckland just before dusk which gave us enough time to get out to sea and on course before it was dark. As soon as we left our shifts started, so straight away we were using the skills that we learnt throughout the day. Each one of us was split up into 3 teams where we would do shifts of 4 hours on and 8 off. My shift was from 6-10 each day, Ihaka’s was from 10-2 every day and Sheldon’s was from 2-6 each day. During the first night out at sea the skies were as clear as could be so we learnt how to navigate using the stars which was an amazing thing to learn because we learnt that’s how our ancestors used to navigate the seas thousands of years ago. As the night went on it was time to rest, down stairs where we slept there was barely any walking space and on your bed there was about a good 6 inches from the roof to your head so it was real easy to hit your head down there. But thankfully the calm sounds of the ocean allowed for a good first night sleep on the waka.

Tūranga Ararau students aboard Haunui during Open Day

for a long time so everyone was able to see what it was really like out at sea. With the waves crashing over the waka and the swells were picking up it was getting harder and harder to do the jobs necessary to help ensure that the waka would get through it safely but with the help and encouragement of the more skilled members of the crew, things became easier even through the rough weather. With the swells reaching around 9 meters it was getting real hard to keep our balance through the rough weather. On Saturday the weather was completely different from Friday. The skies were the brightest of blues and the warmth of the sun was just amazing. While we were all on deck we sailed past the island Ahuahu (Great Mercury Island) where I learnt that this island was the first landing of Paikea. So as we sailed past the island the crew thought it would be an amazing idea to perform the Paikea waiata. After we performed the waiata we got to see a pod of dolphins start to swim alongside our waka which was an amazing sight to see. As the day went on we were getting closer and closer to our destination. As we sang to the beats of the guitar the sun started to set and that day I saw one of the most beautiful sunsets I have ever seen. As the sun had set we were told that we were only a few hours out from Auckland which had everyone on board the waka excited because it was the last leg of Haunui’s voyage around New Zealand. As we got closer the bright lights of Auckland started to shine bright in the distance but as we sailed closer and closer to Auckland the winds started to die down to the point where it felt like we were going nowhere. As the hours went by the wind started to pick up and we were off again. As we sailed closer and closer to Auckland we met up with another voyaging waka which was called Aotearoa 1. We rode along next to them for as long as we could then they turned on the motors and took off. As we got closer to Auckland more and more lights were becoming visible and the feeling making it all the way to Auckland through voyage was an absolutely amazing feeling.

On Friday the weather started to pack in and the dark clouds started to form causing the sea to get rough and the heavy rain started to set in. Some of the crew found it uneasy as their sea sickness started to kick in but as time went on they soon got over their sickness and were doing all the jobs as well as they could. The weather didn’t ease down Haunui crew with Te Aturangi Nepia Clamp

As we got to Auckland harbour the sun started to rise up in the distance and we soon realized that we had finally made it. Our great adventure across the ocean on an amazing Māori voyaging waka had come to an end. There are no words that can describe how much of a life changing opportunity it was. The bonds we made on the waka Haunui I will cherish forever. Big thanks to our tutor Maria for coming all the way to Auckland to bring us home and to the crew of Haunui for the great experience. Juanita, Sheldon & Ihaka


Pipiwharauroa Huakina Mai - Kōrero o Te Hapori

The Opening of Te Ikaroa Rawhiti Office

I’ve been invited to many sporting events in Gisborne, up the Coast and across Ikaroa-Rawhiti, we have some great sporting talent in the region. Sport is one of my passions and has offered me some of the most important learning experiences of my life. Sport is always giving, it gives us the chance to be active, enhance whanaungatanga (relationships), to learn and to give back. When my busy schedule allows, I will appease Ping Brown and make an appearance or two for YMP this year, Hopefully! Maori player participation rates are great. Over winter, whānau can be found on fields, courts and sidelines from the Gisborne Netball Courts, Rugby Park, Harry Barker Reserve, Uawa Domain, Whakarua Park to Te Araroa Domain. Te Tairāwhiti has produced some of New Zealand’s best sporting talent. The rate of Māori in sport governance, management and administration roles is much lower. I want to acknowledge those who have pursued and committed to these roles at all levels. I understand the challenges of these roles having been a coach of netball teams to premium level, a former Board Member of Hawkes Bay Netball and former deputy chair of Ngā Kaihoe o Aotearoa, the national waka ama body. Te Tairāwhiti is considered by many to be the home of waka ama in Aotearoa, and Māori player-participation and governance, management and administration are amongst their strongest in this sport. Māori have much to contribute in these areas, and I am keen to support more Māori being elevated to these positions. One of my best sporting coaches was Waimarama Taumaunu. She was a practicable communicator who had a track record and knew her stuff. I thrived under this approach and have taken it on to many fields, sporting and professional. I’ve enjoyed playing for teams across different codes, from grassroots to national level. There have been common strands that have continued across the best teams I’ve been involved with. Open communication, strong relationships where team members trust and

Tairāwhiti Community Law Centre This article is about setting up a family trust. Over the past few weeks I have taken quite a few enquiries from the community about this which makes me think many would be interested in the topic particularly those of you who have won MILLIONS of dollars or just want to safeguard your assets for your descendents. So what is a family trust and what are their benefits? People usually set up a family trust to get some benefit from no longer personally owning an asset or assets. A family trust can be useful to: • • • •

Protect selected assets against claims and creditors, for example to protect your family home from the failure of a business venture. Set aside money for special reasons such as a child or grandchild’s education. Ensure your children, not their partners, keep their inheritance from you. Avoid unwanted claims on your estate when you die, such as from a former partner.

Who’s involved? There is the settler who is the person or company who creates the trust such as you. There are the trustees who are the people who manage the trust and you can be both a settlor and a trustee however it is a good idea to appoint an independent trustee like a lawyer or accountant.

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Ngā Kaitiaki o

Te Maungārongo Kia Orana koutou, It has been a while since I put out a panui so lots to update you on whānau.

Meka and her whānau outside the new office

support each other. Leadership was key, and was not the job of one but shared by many within the team. All these characteristics are critical to successful teams I’ve participated in, and most importantly, FUN, you’ve got to have fun to enjoy the game! Our new Tairāwhiti electorate office was opened in the Elgin shopping centre on Friday 30th May. Despite rain, the office opening was a wonderful celebration with many locals coming to support. The building was opened and blessed by local Kaumātua and Ministers Charlie Pera and Temepara Isaacs. Warm whaikorero, beautiful waiata, kai and whanaungatanga flowed throughout the opening. I’d like to encourage you to drop in to the office to see Lolo Brown. If you’re not sure how we can help you and your whānau, pop in and have a kōrero to Lolo. I would also like to thank the many people, groups, whānau, Marae, kura and organisations who contributed in ways, big and small, to make the day such a great success. It would be remiss not to acknowledge the passing of many throughout the district, since the last Pīpīwharauroa edition. Many whānau have been touched, and those who have passed, have touched the hearts and minds of many. Let’s give thanks for each other. Keep warm, well and safe, and continue to love and look after one another. Ngā mihi manaakitanga, Meka

Then there are the beneficiaries who are the people who benefit from the trust, for example you or members of your family. There is often more than one trustee and there may be more than one settlor of a trust who can have the power to appoint and remove trustees. This is an important power that you can transfer to someone else in your will. A trust doesn’t necessarily end with your death and can last for a maximum of 80 years from the time it is set up. What’s involved? First you will need to decide what assets that you own should be put into the trust and what their value is. In most cases this will be the family home, but other things of value like cash, bank deposits, shares and artwork can also be included. When the ownership of these assets is transferred to the trust, the trust owes a debt back to you, the settlor. This debt itself can then be ‘forgiven’ through a process called gifting. A legal document called a ‘trust deed’ will formally set up the trust. It appoints the trustees, lists the beneficiaries and states various rules for its administration and management. The trust deed needs to be very carefully written, preferably by a lawyer. Asset Transfer: Once the trust is formed assets can be sold into the trust at market value. So how does the trust pay if it doesn’t have any money for, say, your house, which you want to sell to it. The answer is that you lend the trust the money. Initially this is a ‘paper’ transaction, you sell the house to the trust and now the trust owes you a house sized debt. However the debt that the trust owes you is still counted as a personal asset so you need to get rid of the debt so you can achieve your aim of owning less in your name. The way you get over this is through ‘gifting.’ Continued on page 8

‘Ngā Ara Pai ki te Tairāwhiti’ was launched in Gisborne on 21 May 2014. It is a driver licensing programme which is a joint initiative between GDC, NZTA, AA, Chevron and the Police and is focused on youth who are 16 to 24 years of age who have a learner's license and are in pursuit of a restricted drivers license. These agencies have funded the vehicle, fuel, student progress assessments and mentoring so they are all free of charge which is awesome for our community. ‘Pass rite’ will assist in facilitating the process and away we go.  I have up to 20 of my police staff who have volunteered as mentors alongside a number of other mentors in the community.  We will be assigned a student to mentor over a 12 week period before they complete their final driving test. The mentors themselves have received some training and pre planning is in place to select students. This is a great opportunity for us whānau, to get more people in our community on a “good pathway to a full drivers license.” A special thanks to GDC Road Safety coordinator, Lenora McDonald who is the driving force behind this programme coming here to our town, she is supported by Sgt Rob Rutene. Throughout Tairāwhiti our seatbelt wearing rate is poor. We have previously had spotters in communities up and down the coast and they have reported back on the number of people wearing seat belts which is less than 60%. This is unacceptable whānau and we will be running enforcement operations to target those not wearing seat belts.  There will be no lenience, if the driver or passengers are not wearing seat belts or the driver is on a cellphone, those offending will get a ticket. It is proven that seat belts save lives and serious injury in a majority of cases. No excuses whānau, I want a safe community so wear your seatbelt! I recently worked with my public safety teams (PST) into the wee hours of the morning and was astounded at the number of youth intoxicated and walking the streets.  Some of them were as young as 13 years old and they were not in the city but walking the suburbs in groups. In my opinion they are a recipe for trouble and something needs to be done very soon or our incidents of disorder and violent crime will increase. I ask that you know where your kids are at all times and don’t let them wander the streets. Lastly, I feel a need to give our Māori Wardens a big thank you. It is awesome to see them on our streets at night, engaging our communities, working with my police staff, their contribution to keeping our communities safe is really appreciated. They do amazing work right across the Tairawhiti and I am truly appreciative of our relationship. Be safe whānau Kia Manuia Inspector Sam Aberahama Area Commander: Tairāwhiti


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Pipiwharauroa

WEAVING IN TE AITANGA-ĀMĀHAKI

Last month’s Pīpīwharauroa featured the late Gladys Ruru and wrote that she joined the Māori Women’s Welfare League in 1947. This should have read she joined the Women’s Health League in 1947 and was, at one time, the longest serving member.

From MANGATŪ MARAE

Tangiwai Tomoana weaving harakeke

I have had a long term interest and love for harakeke weaving and wonderful mentors being Te Waiarani Irwin among many others. This article is more about them than me. My first tutor was Aunty Heketerangi Te Maipi who sat at her back door endeavouring to teach me how to make a harakeke kete but my mind wasn’t on it at that time nor were my taringa. After some time Aunty Heke suddenly stood up and went inside calling out to me to come and have a cup of tea. She then told me that I needed to listen! So ended that lesson. Aunty Lovey Rurehe and my mum had the same teaching traits, no talking just telling me to “whakarongo and titiro, ka mōhio koe.”

Harakeke Raranga

Marae and my sister who stayed in one of the kaumātua flats would cook breakfast for us with Lovey Brown, Winnie Brown and a few other ladies joining in to help. There was never a shortage of helpers or ladies wanting to learn weaving. Te Wai was an excellent teacher, so easy to listen to and with such patience. She used to sing while weaving her harakeke and had such a lovely voice.

at home’ mothers would have a school day making harakeke items. I even went to Hawkes Bay and Coromandel making harakeke flowers. One weekend with Kathy Allen, Minister Ivan of the Catholic Church was there and he wanted a harakeke wall hanging. I showed him how to start it and he decorated and finished it.

One day Rutene Irwin came over to film Te Over the years, along with others, Wai, her sister Katie, and me weaving in the I have attended many conventions whare moe. I don’t know what became of Fine whāriki pattern and conferences both nationally the film but maybe he sent it to Hollywood. and regionally and I joined several On some of the ‘housie’ nights we raffled our kete organisations associated with Māori arts and crafts. to help fund our wānanga. One time Te Wai and I Now I’ve joined the Blind Organisation which meets drove over to her cousin Florence’s place at Kawerau the first Monday of every month. Maybe I will go and and that’s where we learnt to make a backpack. It pick some more harakeke on the next fine day like I was a most enjoyable week, I actually completed my used to do with my mate Te Wai. backpack whereas, for some reason, Te Wai found it not as easy as making kete so she made hats instead. According to Rutene, his wife Te Wai, learnt weaving Although we sold kete to pay for the trip we also gave from her grandmother Mutu who was a Mrs Wainui heaps away. Then it was back home and gathering Teepa. She started with tāniko making tāniko more harakeke. headbands for the local kapa haka groups. She continued on with tapestry for the bodices before So there I was doing all the getting into kete, whāriki and korowai. Rangimarie collecting and carrying of Hetet, mother of Diggeress Te Kanawa, taught her the flax to get ready for to make korowai and she also became an expert at Te Wai’s next surprise trip knitting straight from the fleece of wool pulling it which was to Palmerston into strands. She also specialised in knitting heavy North. Te Wai’s daughter wool jerseys which were really great at keeping out Maraea wanted someone the cold and for farm and forestry work but Rutene to do harakeke at her found them too heavy to wear. kōhanga Reo so we caught the service car to Hastings Te Wai and her fellow artists formed a wānanga and from there a train to at the old Pūha school and taught carding wool Palmerston North all the and knitting. Te Wai and Gladys Ruru did a lot of time lugging our bundles Te Wai working with harakeke weaving together and Te Wai also taught tukutuku of harakeke along with in the old shop premises at at the Marae. They were part of the tukutuku team us. Finally reaching our Whatatutu making panels for the Mangatū Blocks building as it destination Maraea’s was being built. Peggy Kaua had done tukutuku when husband arrived home, rolled his sleeves up and Te Poho ō Rāwiri was built so she was able to assist cooked us dinner. After we finished our mahi at the and supervise the tukutuku mahi for the Mangatū kōhanga I headed home alone while Te Wai stayed on building. Rutene said he had the job of making all with her daughter. She handed me an envelope which the panels for the tukutuku work and John Taiapa had quite a bit of money in it thanking me for being showed him how to make the frames. her ‘horse driver’. Other times Te Wai and I used to go down to Gladys Ruru’s for the day to make kete and Gladys gave me a kete that had originally been gifted to her. Te Wai and I made a harakeke purse, mine is about 26 years old and I gave it to my Aunty Polly-Ann’s mum whereas my daughter Rene got Te Wai’s unfinished purse. When the local shop closed at Whatatutu, we held many a wānanga there with several of the mothers doing tāniko, knitting, harakeke, carpentry and fashion, those were busy years.

Te Wai enjoying her favourite pastime working with students weaving harakeke

Te Waiarani Irwin and I had some marvellous get ‘togethers’ at her place to learn about harakeke and those visits would quite often turn into overnight stays. I recall a time when Te Wai, Aunty Lovey Rurehe and I were sitting amongst yards and yards of flax just talking about what we would do with it. Then there were times when, after lunch and a nap, we would find the day had slipped away with nothing achieved. Mary Tihore was usually there cutting flax but with them having young ones and children at school it would quite often just end up being just Te Wai and me left amongst the flax. Tangiwai said when we finally finished making kete she would hang her worst ones on trees around her home. Sometimes we had a harakeke wānanga at the

I did do harakeke up at the Farm Station as well as take the time to climb some of the Mangatū hills, knit jerseys straight from raw wool and hold wānanga at the Marae to make piupiu. At one of our wānanga we made a whāriki with Joe Te Maipi’s wife, Louise from Te Teko. We also had a group doing tukutuku wall panels at Rutene’s home and these were sent down to the Army Camp but we never heard back from that lot at the army. Although Te Wai was my dearest friend I never managed to get a kete or hat from her and she made lots, I always seemed to miss out. She would make a hat in a matter of minutes then throw one from her collection to whoever came through the door. There was one little girl who just sat by her side and before the day was over Te Wai had finished a hat and kete for her, thinking of it, that girl would be in her late 40s by now.

The collecting and preparation of kiekie was a tedious task. Rutene recalls that they started off by cutting the whole of the plant and bringing it in on the back of a truck. When Waioeka Brown saw what they had done she explained that only a certain part of the kiekie plant was used, not the whole plant, so from then on they followed her advice. Waioeka showed them how to prepare kiekie and how to dye it. Kiekie is lovely and pliable to weave with. The other natural material used for tukutuku is pīngao which is naturally a gold colour. It came from Levin and required a permit from the local Māori peopleto be gathered.

Then there would be field days at the showgrounds where I entered a variety of crafts like korowai, earrings, kete and tāniko items. Many of us ‘stay

It was Gladys and Te Wai's job to keep the Pīngao soaked in water to stop it from curling up. Rutene made many of the fine tools they used for their


Pipiwharauroa Poroporoaki

Nancy Ruru

E te Kōka, e te whāea Te uri o Hinepūkohurangi Te maramara o te maunga e tū mai rā i tuawhenua Haere atu rā ki tō rahi, ki tō nui e tatari mai rā ki a koe Takahia atu rā te ara whānui a Tāne Ki Paerau ki te huihuinga o te kahurangi Waru tekau ma mea tō kaha Eiiii ma wai mai ki tēna. Kua kuia, koroua ō tamariki Kua kapi te whenua i au He aha hoki i tua atu Tō kaha mārika! I mahia e koe ngā mahi huhua I whaia e koe te ara mātauranga Whitu tekau mā rima tō pakeke Whakamenemene ana mātou Ina kua tō te rā ki runga i a koe Whakatā te whāea, whakatā. Ā te wā.

Haere Ika Huirua Atu Rā

I nā wiki tūpāpāhu ana te whenua i te hinganga o ngā ruahine o te Tairāwhiti, arā ko Rawini Te Kani rāua ko Kahurangi Lorna Ngata. E hia tau ēnei wāhine e hāpai ana i ngā hapori o te Tairāwhiti whānui. He mōrehu nō te ao kōhatu. I takahia e rāua te mata o te whenua ki te mahi i ngā mahi papai mō tātou. Anō hoki tau ana te whakatauki “Kei muri i te tangata rongonui, he wahine”. Eke kau ana taua kōrero ki aua tokorua nei Ko rāua ngā huruhuru o ngā waewae o ā rāua tāne rongonui arā a Toko Te Kani rāua ko Tā Henare Ngata. He wāhine i whakanuia e te Kuini pēra i a rāua tāne. I mate mai a Kahurangi Lorna i Tauranga. I mate hoki a Rawinia i te hōhipera o Tūranganui. I takoto a Rawinia ki te marae o Takitimu ki Waituhi, ao ake ka hoki mai ki te marae o Te Poho ō Rawiri. Ahakoa te tuku iho a Tawhirimātea, arā te karawhiuwhiu o te ua, marū ana te marae i te marea whakaeke ia rā, ia rā e takoto ana a Kōkā Rawinia.

“Hare atu rā e hika Koutou ko ō mātua”

harakeke mahi and he used these tools to teach with as well. Te Wai made the majority of the cloaks the men wore when they took their waka, Te Ikanui a Rauru to Waitangi. Rutene told of how he and Te Wai travelled backwards and forwards to the South Island. There was a particular hui they used to attend there with a range of arts on display besides harakeke coming from all over the Pacific. They used to catch the ferry from Picton to travel to Ōmaka Marae in Blenheim. Rutene and Te Wai spent 10 days in Ōāhu in Hawaii and during their stay visited the museum to view the mats and kits. They found five women under the shaded palm trees repairing flax mats or whāriki so they sat down with them. As there is no flax in Hawaii the Hawaiians use a long broad leaf from a Pandana tree to make their mats, kits and head dresses. While talking to them Te Wai picked up the strands they had cast aside and made a hat. They were so impressed that they kept her with them until she had made them all a hat each. Rutene didn’t see Te Wai for at least three days after that as she attended a wānanga at one of their homes, she was the chief weaver making kits, rourou, hats and other items. Out of that Rutene and Te Wai had an open home to go to should they ever visit Ōahu in the future. The whānau at Mangatū are committed to keeping weaving with harakeke alive and well and this is evidenced from the number of elders and young people who have learnt and continue to pass on their knowledge to their younger members.

MARGARET (Margy) ANNE NEPE

1 December 1943 – 17 May 2014

Nō te ata o te Rāpare ka tatu mai te ope kawe mai i a Kahurangi Lorna. Kāre i roa ka hikinga a Rawinia ki te urupa o Wainui tanu ai.

Te Wai and Irene harvesting harakeke

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Ngā tini whetū ki te rangi, Ko Ngāti Maru ki raro, Ngā tini kahawai ki te moana ko Ngāti Maru ki uta Mum was the second oldest in her whānau of thirteen, her parents were David Reweti and Margaret Kui Wilson. Mum had a simple life. She was born and raised in Manutuke, she attended Manutuke School, she married her one true love “Maru” from Manutuke and she raised all six of us daughters and then her mokopuna in Manutuke. Needless to say Manutuke was definitely home for the most part of her life and her heart. Matawai was also part of Mum's life as five of us daughters were brought up on Tapere Station but were still quite young when they moved to Manutuke. Dad was a shepherd and there were Uncle Walla (Ihimaera) & Aunty Maude just across the ditch and Uncle Nicka, Aunty Waka and the cousins just down the hill. Both Mum and Dad played golf and tennis and were members of the Rakairoa Golf Club and the Matawai Tennis Club. The 'ole' local'' was also a favourite gathering place. We've gone back a few times with Mum and she shared some of her memories with us and her mokopuna including the good, the tough, the cold and the happy times that were had in the community of Matawai and Tapere Station. Mum was a very hard worker. She spent a lot of her working life in the shearing sheds with Uncle Wallace Smith and at the local vineyards, orchards and pack-houses and Watties. So it wasn’t an easy life for Mum but she persevered through the cold winters and summer months in order to provide us with a few more niceties in life.

Te Wai standing at Gate Entrance to Waikawa Marae

Te Wai surrounded by her many harakeke taonga

Notwithstanding Mum’s various affiliations to clubs and groups, she gave a lot of time to her beloved YMP Rugby Club. She was renowned for her vigour and gusto on the side-line at rugby games and always proudly wore the traditional colours of Black, White and Red. It was through this association that Mum ‘adopted’ some YMP sons; Freckles, Bagsy, Hardy, Troy, Erana, and Sugar, to name but a few. Her commitment and dedication to the Club over the years earned her the supreme honour of being one of the very few life members of the Club, an honour she was very proud of and no doubt still is.


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Pipiwharauroa Ngā Pakanga Hui O Te Ao

Mission accomplished

Pilgrimage to Tuinisia, Italy, Greece, Turkey By Monty Soutar Ka tuku atu enei kupu e whai ake nei hei mihi hei tangi ngakau mai ma nga hoa me nga whanaunga i te Tairawhiti. Tena rawa atu koutou i tautoko i te kaupapa o te tira haere nei. Ko te kaupapa o to matou haerenga ki nga whenua o iwi ke, tuatahi, kia tae-a-tinana atu i nga kauhanga riri, kia maringi noa ai nga roimata ki o tatou mate i hinga atu i te wa o nga Pakanga Nui o te Ao. Tuarua, kia kite, kia korero tahi, kia mihi ake ano ki nga iwi taketake o Tunihia, o Itaria, o Kariki, me Taake - na ratou nga urupa hoia i manaaki, ma ratou ano aua urupa e tiaki hei nga tau kei te heke mai.

“Trip of a Lifetime” That’s how it was promoted - a pilgrimage to the countries where the 28th Māori Battalion fought - and it certainly lived up to its billing. I am sure those who went will never forget it, and to those who followed the pilgrimage on Facebook thank you for your support and positive comments. I am sure the latter will have gained a better appreciation of the depth and purpose of the pilgrimage which before the advent of the internet could not have been possible.

Genesis Originally the Ngarimu VC Legacy Tour / Pilgrimage was to take place last year. It was to mark the 70th Anniversary of the Battle of Tebaga Gap where 2/Lt Te Moana-nui-a-Kiwa Ngarimu won the Victoria Cross and where he and 21 relatives of the 28th Māori Battalion were killed. Because I was heavily involved in the establishment of the C Company Memorial Whare in Gisborne, the pilgrimage was postponed until this year. The idea for the pilgrimage came out of a discussion that the Ngarimu VC and 28th Māori Battalion Scholarships Board (the Minister of Education is the chair) had two years ago – “How do we mark the 70th Anniversary of the award of the Victoria Cross to 2/Lt Ngarimu.” The proposal that a group return to the actual battle site where the award was won took the board’s interest and it gained further traction when a number of local secondary schools asked to join the pilgrimage. Personally, I was keen to show others, especially our younger people, where our forefathers fought and lived (and in some cases where they died) during the five years (1941-1945) that the 28th Māori Battalion was overseas. I also wanted them to understand how our soldiers’ service was, and still is, appreciated by those whose homelands they were trying to liberate. And you could only achieve this by going there. A further objective was to strengthen previously established relationships with the local people, especially in those communities where the 28th Māori Battalion spent time ―lest we forget. What follows is an account of the pilgrimage drawing on some of the posts that appeared on the Facebook page Ngarimu VC Pilgrimage Europe 2014. On 2 May, 40 participants flew out of Auckland and 10 left from Perth to join the group in Dubai, the largest city in the United Arab Emirates. No Name 1. 2. 3. 4.

Johnson/Roberta Mrs Johnson/ Joseph Mr Eruera/Waiarani Ms Eruera/Riria Ms

Residing City - Country Perth - Australia Perth - Australia Gisborne Gisborne

Pilgrimage group standing on Hikurangi with Point 209 in the left background. Tebaga Gap, Tunisia 10 May 2014

5. Taare/Zandria Ms Gisborne 6. Taare/Venus Miss (18yrs) Gisborne 7. Taare/Lydia Miss (17yrs) Tairawhiti Services Academy, Gisborne 8. McClutchie/Earl Mr Perth - Australia 9. McClutchie/ Evelyn Mrs Perth - Australia 10. Wilkinson/Kate Moana Ms Gisborne 11. Papuni/Dawn Ms Tolaga Bay 12. Ngata/Josie Mrs Clarkson WA - Australia 13. Ngata/Erin Mr Clarkson WA - Australia 14. McGregor/Taina Ms Wellington NZ 15. Dell/Hinetu Ms Ruatoria 16. Dewes/Campbell Mr TKKM o Kawakawamai-Tawhiti, (principal) 17. Dewes/Kaneihana Miss (15yrs) TKKM o Kawakawamai-Tawhiti, Te Araroa 18. Collier-Campbell/Hinekehu Miss (16yrs) TKKM o Kawakawa-mai-Tawhiti, Ruatoria 19. Mullany/Emma Miss (16yrs) TKKM o Kawakawamai-Tawhiti, Te Araroa 20. Mataira/Rhia Miss (16yrs) TKKM o Kawakawamai-Tawhiti, Te Araroa 21. Taylor/Moerangi Miss (17yrs) TKKM o Kawakawamai-Tawhiti, Hicks Bay 22. Soutar/Monty Dr Gisborne 23. Soutar/Eparaima Mstr (16yrs) Gisborne Boys High School, Gisborne 24. Soutar/Oriwia Noti Miss Auckland 25. Ngaropo/Karina Mrs Wellington 26. Jones/Dawson Mr Perth – Australia 27. Jones/Erica Mrs Perth – Australia 28. Rauhihi/Te Hemara Mr Auckland (Documented Pilgrimage) 29. Houkamau/Siobhan Ms Auckland (Documented Pilgrimage) 30. Huriwai/Jim Mr Kaikohe 31. Smiler/Kingi Mr Wellington 32. Harrison/Linette Ms Wellington 33. Smith/Graham Mr Whakatane 34. Demant/Emerina (Moly) Mrs Opotiki 35. Harrison/Laurie Mr Gisborne Girls High School, Gisborne (teacher) 36. Narayan/Natasha Ms Wellington 37. Narayan/Georgina Ms Wellington 38. Jaram/Ihaka Mr Whakatane 39. Wanoa/ Waihuka Ms Gisborne 40. Maru/Timoti Mr Perth - Australia 41. Houpapa/Tangiora Mstr (12yrs) TKKM o te Waiu o Ngati Porou, Ruatoria 42. Chaffey/Desmond Mr Gisborne 43. Chaffey/Narene Ms Gisborne 44. Jonathan/Michael Mr Rotorua (Māori TV documentary) 45. Lolohea/Pila Mr Gisborne (Documenting Pilgrimage) 46. Keelan/Ngawini Ms Wellington (MFAT, departed after Italy) 47. Tamaki/Leanne Ms Wellington 48. Karaka/Abraham Mr Auckland 49. Orton/Allan Mr Auckland (travel agency) 50. Orton/Joanne Mrs Auckland (travel agency) 51. Pearless/Harawira Mr Gisborne (departed after Italy)

Harawira Pearless (police constable at Manutuke in the 1990s) was also there to meet the group. He was our guide for the Tebaga Gap and Takrouna visits. Two camera crews accompanied the pilgrimage group - one to record the pilgrimage for posterity and the other to make a documentary to screen on Māori TV on Anzac Day 2015. To help identify the group more clearly in these countries each participant received pilgrimage dress shirts, a visor and cap, each with the pilgrimage name on them. It was late Spring early Summer so the temperatures were often in the high twenties.

3 May: Dubai Landed 5am. Settled into hotel. Some went to Dubai Mall, others up the Burj Khalifa (828 metres high, containing 163 floors) the tallest building in the world, a few on a safari tour, while others caught up on sleep. In the evening the whole group had an opportunity to introduce themselves during a formal mihimihi.

4 May: Dubai - Tunis 6am wake up call for everyone. Another 4-5 hour flight to Tunisia. Lost one participant at the airport. She used her initiative and caught a taxi to the hotel which was on the outskirts of the capital Tunis. Thankfully the lanyards which were issued to each participant had the itinerary in them and included hotel contact details. Police security present at hotel and throughout our time in Tunisia. 5 May: Sfax Travel by bus for 4 hours to Sfax. Visit urupa where 2/Lt Moana Ngarimu and 21 others killed at Tebaga Gap are buried. 6 May Matmata Native Berber people welcomed us into their home in a troglodyte cave dwelling, cooked us some bread, danced for us and we in turn performed Paikea while Timoti Maru thanked them for their welcome and hospitality. Our hotel rooms at Diar El Barbar, Matmata were an experience set in cavelike environments. Harawira Pearless, Campbell Dewes, (MFAT translator) and myself hired a 4WD and headed to recce Point 209. Locate Hikurangi and Point 209. Shepherd/land owner does not appreciate our presence or purpose. 7 May: Matmata, Tebaga Gap 9am group karakia led by Campbell. Pack a lunch and several bottles of water and head to Tebaga Gap aboard 10 4WDs. One hour drive from hotel. Police escort joins us, one vehicle at front the other at rear. Speedy trip into the desert. Annoyed shepherd there again. We gather at foot of Hikurangi. 4WD able to take oldest member, Molly Demant, part way up. Abraham Karaka leads with taiaha. Recite ‘No wai te motoka’ and ‘Ka hoki nei au’ led by Hinetu Dell. Very moving on top. Hold service (Anglican and Ringatu) around cairns of stones, the latter led by Ihaka Jaram. Tim addresses group in Māori. Harawira and self give an account of the battle. We sing ‘Arohaina Mai’ then move up to Point 209 where we perform ‘Te Urunga Tu’, ‘Panapana’, ‘Ruaumoko’ and ‘Ka mate’ facing Hikurangi. All of this filmed. After 4 hours on site we load up and head back to hotel, everyone feeling they had been part of something very special. The rest of the day (from 2.30pm) we relax, some swimming, some sleep, some on internet, some at the refreshments bar. What a great day!! 8 May: Enfidaville, Tunis Up at 5.00am, breakfast and 6.00am we leave for Enfidaville Cemetery. Arrive at 11am. Lunch in Enfida. Visit Takrouna battleground where Haane Manahi and others of B Coy won undying fame. See the Allies and Italian memorials there and Harawira takes us up onto Takrouna. On to hotel at Hammamet, change into dress shirts and then to Tunis to British Ambassador’s residency. Join our Minister of Trade Tim Grosser at function with Tunisian government officials and other guests. Perform waiata and haka in support of our Minister. 9 May: Hammamet, Tunis Lay day where we visit markets and take a boat cruise. Learn that Dr Wayne Ngata and Rawinia Kutia, travelling with the C Company Secondary Schools group, returned home from Australia.


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10 May: Carthage - Rome En route to airport we visit Carthage ruins and markets at Sidi Bou Said village. 5.30pm we fly to Rome and at dinner we are joined by the rest of our bus party. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57.

Soutar/Tina Mrs Soutar/Aohuna (6yrs) Ms Mill/Ruby Mrs Mill/Libby Ms Raihania/Noel Mr Raihania/Moana Lee Ms

Gisborne Gisborne Te Araroa Te Araroa Tokomaru Bay Napier

The C Company Secondary Schools group have also arrived in Rome. 58. Nikora/Hana TKKM o Whangaparaoa 59. Wharepapa/Te Rangimarie TKKM o Whangaparaoa 60. Te Moana/Tuterangi TKKM o Whangaparaoa 61. Pook/Tuihana TKKM o Whangaparaoa (principal) 62. Wanoa/Latasha Te Waha o Rerekohu 63. Te Kani/Shianm Te Waha o Rerekohu 64. Katipa/Richard Te Waha o Rerekohu (principal) 65. Katipa/Hera Te Waha o Rerekohu (whanau supporter) 66. McClutchie/Alex Ngata Memorial College 67. Dell-Keelan/Turuhira Ngata Memorial College 68. Milner/Jade Ngata Memorial College 69. Taingahue/Hoera Ngata Memorial College 70. Tuhura Walsh/Rutawa Ngata Memorial College 71. McClutchie/Karen Ngata Memorial College (principal) 72. Poutu/Charlie Ngata Memorial College (board member) 73. Sykes-Martin/Taylah TKKM o te Waiu o Ngati Porou 74. Moses/Ana TKKM o te Waiu o Ngati Porou 75. Pewhairangi/Kahutia TKKM o te Waiu o Ngati Porou 76. Paenga/Carlos TKKM o te Waiu o Ngati Porou 77. Dalton-Reedy/Hariata TKKM o te Waiu o Ngati Porou 78. Aupouri/Tawhai TKKM o te Waiu o Ngati Porou 79. Heeney/Phil TKKM o te Waiu o Ngati Porou (principal) 80. Aupouri/Lena TKKM o te Waiu o Ngati Porou (teacher) 81. Priestly/Malik Tolaga Bay Area School & Kuranui 82. Tamihana-Brown/Zaley Tolaga Bay Area School & Kuranui 83. Patrick/Adaniah Tolaga Bay Area School & Kuranui 84. Kirikiri/Teina Tolaga Bay Area School & Kuranui 85. Kutia-Ngata/ Te Aotaihi Tolaga Bay Area School & Kuranui 86. Parata/Nori Tolaga Bay Area School & Kuranui (principal) 87. Takurua /Pele Tolaga Bay Area School & Kuranui (teacher)

11 May: Rome Downtime in Rome. Some of the whanau catche the express train to Naples to visit relative Bill McClutchie’s gravesite. 12 May: Florence At Florence War Cemetery the pilgrimage party grows to 87 when we are joined by the C Company Secondary Schools group. Service conducted with Italian hosts from Tarvanelle who are there to greet us. Hosts join us on bus trip to our hotels in Florence and give us guided tour. Group receives a formal welcome from regional, provincial and municipal representatives in the Plazzo Medici Riccardi in Florence. Secondary Schools Kapa Haka group gives the first of several performances in Italy. Very proud. Florence, the artistic and cultural centre of this part of Italy is very busy. Cars are small to fit down the narrow streets and scooters are to be seen everywhere weaving through the traffic without any sign of road rules. 13 May: Tarvanelle, San Michelle, Florence, Faenza Visit Tarvanelle, a town in the Chianti region of

Tuscanny. The Māori Battalion liberated it. Formal service and among several highlights the mayor and Uncle Noel sing ‘Mama’ together in the town hall. We meet Italian elders who were children when the war was on and who met our Māori soldiers in 1944. Next, buses go up to Pratale to see site of massacre of Italian civilians. Moving service held with a family member and locals. Lovely lunch afforded us at Pratale residence before visit to San Michelle a Torri where there is a memorial to New Zealand soldiers written in Italian, English and Māori. Joined by mayor and surviving Italian partisans. Secondary Schools group returns to Florence while our bus heads to Faenza.

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participants told us about their backgrounds (an exercise we began in Tunisia and ended in Greece). A small group take the train via Pisa. 17 May: Rome I spend the morning in Cassino on a battlefield tour with our Governor General. Pilgrimage group visits the Vatican.

18 May: Cassino Visit Monte Cassino Abbey which was destroyed during the war and rebuilt in the 1950's. There are too many The youngest and eldest members of 14 May: Faenza, Forli the pilgrimage group, Aohuna Soutar buses already at the abbey Visit Senio River and its museum. The Mayor (6 years) and Nolan Raihania lay a so we have to be ferried up. Service at the Cassino railway and staff welcome us and we leave them in wreath at Forli Cemetery, Italy station where many men of A tears after speeches and singing to them. Secondary Schools Group arrive from Florence, freshen and B Coys of the Māori Battalion lost their lives. up and changed into the pilgrimage dress shirts. 3:00pm attend the NZ Commemorative service at The whole party is reunited at Forli War Cemetery. Cassino Commonwealth War Cemetery begins. About There we run into a visiting group from Auckland 40 New Zealand WW2 veterans present as well as also on a 28th Māori Battalion pilgrimage. Mihi from our Governor-General and Prince Harry. Haka and their spokesman, Ronald Baker, to which Uncle Noel waiata ring out again! responds. 19 May: Rome - Crete Fly to Crete. The Secondary Schools group has the 15 May: Faenza Visited Faenza to unveil memorial to New Zealanders more enjoyable trip by overnight ferry from Athens, for their role in liberating Faenza. Mayor and I give but encounter a few heart-stopping moments when speeches and Uncle Noel sings ‘Mama’. Our students a passport goes missing and some almost miss the unveil the memorial which includes a photographic departure gate. We are located in the capital of sequence: the battle, destruction, liberation and Crete, called Chania (pronounced Hun-yaa). recovery. The bagpipes sounded out again as we were welcomed into the courtyard of the council chambers 20 May: Chania, Galatas for lunch. The art in the building is just stunning. Crete is where the Māori Battalion won undying fame After lunch our students engage with Italian students, in May 1941 as the best bayonet fighters anyone then altogether we meet local residents at a service had ever seen. 20 May signals the start of a week’s commemorative events on the island that marks the in the Faenza War Cemetery. 73rd anniversary of the Battle of Crete. We attend a The students are from a nearby school that every year commemoration service at village of Galatas where lays flowers on the graves of allied servicemen. “The Kiwi soldiers and Cretans fought side by side. We are bag pipes ring out yet again, its melody so alluring, in force with two buses and our students perform and so we move on and merge towards the monument. for them. Up into the sky it towers. Into the open air it stands tall, a monument to those who have fallen.” We finish 21 May: Souda Bay, Tskilarlia, Maleme Airfield the day with a visit to the houses - Della Cura and We visit British Commonwealth war cemetery, Casa Bianca - and explain to the group what happened which overlooks the picturesque Souda Bay, and there in December 1944. C Company soldiers were then the olive grove at 42nd Street. We participate killed at Della Cura. They had named their start in a ‘smoke ceremony’ instigated by an indigenous line for the night attack Ruatōria. At Casa Bianca Australian whanau who are here on behalf of their D Company men had captured several Germans and father who took part in the charge. Our haka saved an Italian family, who still live there. Met the wahine and re-enactment of ‘Ka Mate’ is charged old man who was a teenager on the night 2/Lt Aussie and very emotional, but frightens the neighborhood and soon local police are investigating. We invite Huata and 16 Platoon arrived. them to the memorial service at Tskilarlia village to see another performance. The Australian and Kiwi 16 May: Rome 8.30am buses drive five hours from Faenza to Rome. contingents present a plaque to the village. The Trip went quicker because Uncle Noel recounted plaque recounts the 42nd St bayonet charge which his experiences in Italy during the war and some the Māori Battalion instigated with the haka ‘Ka Mate’. A special moment for Ruby Mill, of Te Araroa, when she is introduced as the daughter of the soldier who instigated the haka - Hemara Aupouri. Kosta takes us back to olive grove and shows us where he followed the charge. He was about 14 years and was in a Bren Gun carrier behind the charge. Shows us the direction of the charge and where he saw dead bodies. He is now 88. In the late afternoon we attend a reenactment of German paratrooper drop and air show at the Maleme airfield. 22 May: Chora Sfakia Our buses take us via the route the soldiers marched over the White Mountains to Sfakia. Many missed the rescue ships and the Germans marched them back to Chania. We gain an appreciation of the distance and terrain they marched over. Lunch and swim in the ocean. Return to Chania and we all take the overnight ferry to Athens. His Excellency the Governor General with three of our students: Hana Nikora (TKKM o Whangaparaoa), Rutawa Tuhura-Walsh (Ngata Memorial College), Keita Wharepapa ( TKKM o Whangaparaoa).

23 May: Athens, Paralia Disembark at Piraeus right where C Company soldiers


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The learnings that have resulted from this pilgrimage are too many to expound on here. There have been many letters and emails of thanks both from pilgrimage participants and our hosts. Perhaps it would help by quoting a few excerpts here…

“Na te haerenga nei kua hua mai te aroha mutunga kore mo o tatou tama o te Hokowhitu a Tu, otira nga iwi maha e manaaki tonu ana i a ratou. E kore e warewaretia.” - Kahu Pewhairangi (Te KKM o Te Waiu o Ngati Porou)

Te Kura Kaupapa Maori o Kawakawa mai Tawhiti students and my daughter at Forli ar Cemetery, Italy

were killed in 1941. Joined by Julie Karnaki (nee’ Tagg) who lives in Greece, but went to school in Tokomaru Bay. Visit Phaleron Cemetery where lie fallen soldiers from the Battle of Greece. Breakfast at Faleron Hotel then we say goodbye to the Secondary Schools group who are visiting Athens before going on to Turkey to see Gallipolli. We travel 6 hours via bus to Paralia. We stop at Thermopylae where Leonidus and his 300 warriors held the Pass. The Māori Battalion were also stationed here in 1941. 24 May: Paralia Rest day for group, while Campbell, Julie and I go and recce Olympus pass with locals. 25 May: Mt Olympus Greek soldiers wished to die on Mt Olympus because of its significance in Greek mythology. We locate the battle site below the mountain in the Mavroneri Gorge where three Māori soldiers were killed – Charlie Kaimoana and Matiu Ropata (both of Wairoa) and John Poutu (Ruatoria). A very moving service held there with Greek locals. They take us to their village in Rachi where we are treated to an afternoon of Greek hospitality.

“Na tenei haerenga i tino whakapuaki i te ngakau me te whatu manawa mo nga ahuatanga i tau ki runga i o tatau nei papa i a ratau e whawhai ana ki tawahi, ara, na tenei haerenga ka kore nei ahau e warewaretia i te maia, i te kaha, i te ihi me te wehi i whakaatu o tatau tipuna, na ratau ano i para i te huarahi mo matau nga uri whakaheke.” - Ana Moses (Te KKM o Te Waiu o Ngati Porou) “It was definitely such a full-on programme in three countries - full of experiences and emotions for you and all the other members of the group. We certainly will not forget our time spent together and once again want to thank you for the fantastic, moving moments we shared during your time here with us….The performances in the square in Tavarnelle were absolutely wonderful and we are still getting positive feedback from the locals.” - Jill Gabriel (Tarvanelle, Italy) “I would like to thank you and all the New Zealanders who came for the lovely presentation which I could feel came from the depth of their heart. I thank you all so much for the very touching present you gave me which was totally unexpected. I will treasure it and hand it down to my family as a token of deep friendship between your people and my family and country….Everybody was so impressed and so happily surprised with all your presentation at the school, I am sure the memories of this particular event will stay with the people of Tsikalaria for many years to come…. I must admit that I was very touched by all and keep these memories tucked in my heart." - Dr Anaya Sarpaki, 42nd Street, Crete We are grateful to the following individuals or agencies who helped to make the pilgrimage a success:

Emarina (Molly) Demant (Te Kaha) and Ruby Mill (Te Araroa) two of our pakeke. Ruby's father is renown for starting the haka at 42nd Street, Crete in 1941.

26-28 May: Athens We return to Athens, visit the Acropolis, the Olympic Stadium and other sites before the flight home. Both groups are reunited at Dubai and arrive in Auckland on 30 May. Exhausted but humbled to know that they have been part of a very special pilgrimage.

Haka in the olive grove at 42nd Street, Crete

Ngarimu VC and 28th (Maori Battalion) Scholarship Fund Board, Te Puni Kokiri, Ministry for Foreign Affairs and Trade, H. E. David Strachan - New Zealand Ambassador to Tunisia, H. E. Hamish Cowell - British Ambassador to Tunisia, H. E. Dr Trevor Matheson New Zealand Ambassador to Italy, Costa Cotsilinis - Honorary Consul-General, Greece, Ministry for Culture and Heritage, Nga Taonga a Nga Tama Toa Trust, Te Runanganui o Ngati Porou, Maori Television House of Travel (Hunter Street), Wellington, TKKM o Whangaparaoa, TKKM o Kawakawa-mai-tawhiti, Te Waha o Rerekohu, TKKM o Te Waiu o Ngati Porou, Ngata Memorial College, Tolaga Bay Area School & Kuranui, Harawira Pearless, Stefano Fusi & Jill Gabriel, Claudio Teobaldelli, Enzo Casadio & Massimo Valli, Dr Anaya Sarpaki, Micheal Sweet, Julie and Alex Karnaki, Paula Panagiotidis, George Evangelopoulos.

Leyton-Jay Waka Taitapanui-King Te tama ā Helena Taitapanui rāua ko Shaun King. 16th tuarua ā Gaylene rāua ko Waka 23 June 2014 12.56pm Weighing 9 pounds 3 oz Cranbrook, W.A. Continued from page 3

Gifting: Most people who form trusts ‘gift’ away the debt that the trust owes them. Before October 2011 there was a limit of $27,000 that you could gift in one year without paying gift duty tax to Inland Revenue. However gift duty has now been abolished and there is no limit to how much you can gift in one year. This means that where previously it would have taken 14 years to gift the value of a house worth $400,000 to a family trust without paying gift duty, you can now gift the whole amount of the debt straight away but it is always best to seek legal advice before proceeding. You also need to note that gifts are still included in your assessment for a residential care Subsidy. Cost and Risk: Family trusts can be complex and time consuming to administer. It costs money to set them up and there are generally ongoing legal and accounting fees so it is worth shopping around as different organisations charge different amounts both for the establishment and ongoing management of a trust. You need to think carefully about who will be the trustees as they will be responsible for managing the trust properly and you should nominate the people in your will who will be trustees after you die. Risks of trusts: If a trust is not set up or managed well there can be considerable inconvenience and cost. You could also run the risk of having the trust declared a ‘sham’ meaning that the assets are not really the trust’s but are in fact still yours. If the trust is a sham you could lose all of the advantages that you were hoping to gain from it and be penalized as well. Once you put your assets into a trust, you no longer personally own or control them. Instead ownership passes to the appointed trustees who must act under the terms of the trust deed in the best interests of the beneficiaries. There have been cases of family members suing other family members for a breach of the trust’s provisions. The courts treat claims of this sort quite seriously and they will normally be expensive to resolve. Setting up a trust is a big decision. If you are going to form one, make sure that it is established properly for the right reasons and well managed. Getting advice: Family trusts can be quite technical and need legal, and sometimes accounting, expertise. They should usually be formed by a lawyer or a professional trustee company. If you use a lawyer, check that they are experienced in trust work as lawyers do have different specialties and not all of them are experienced with trusts. If you are putting property that could qualify as relationship property in a trust, then both you and your partner should get independent legal advice on the implication and effects of that transaction before proceeding. Good advice on trusts is important, get professional advice right from the start. It may seem a large cost to engage an expert but it could well cost you much more if things are not done well from the start. Just think about the possibility of your children suing you! Nā Nikorima Thatcher Tairāwhiti Community Law Centre


Pipiwharauroa Ngト( tamanuhiri

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Photos above are from the weekly toolbox LifeSkills courses. Each course covers topics of family, financials and food.

There has been a number of community planting days at Wherowhero Lagoon with 2,250 trees planted of the 4,000 planned for the season. Students from Muriwai Kura have been helping with the planting.

Great progress has been made with the Marae development project. The tuapapa (foundations) are completed and work on the piles, pipework for heating, drainage, water supply and concrete block works has started. The septic tanks have also been covered and filled in.


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Pipiwharauroa Whaknuia Te ruahine - Te Tamaiti Hoki

Happy 80th birthday to Maude Brown

Brown whト]au weekend celebrations. We celebrated the birthday of our Rock, Mum, Nan and Big Nan.

At the main table, "Aunty Queenie" talking about their upbringing in Waimaha

Mokos - Ngawai, Jody and Nicole

Waaka Taylor and Mini Westrupp

Mokotuarua - Pharah-James Marisha Tawhiorangi Maude Brown

Whata singing to his Mum

Ringa, Vi and Emma

Cousins remininscing about past days

Eight-O Eighty.

Kaidian, Ringa and Watene Mokotuarua Goodies table

Mokos - Te Ngaru and Monty

Kapene Cousins - Liz Karaitiana and Nani Akuhata-Brown

The cake


Pipiwharauroa Pooti Mō Te Kaunehera

2014 Gisborne District Council By-Election Special

Pīpīwharauroa asked of prospective councillors, "Iwi settlements have been identified as having a significant impact on the district's future economy. As a Councillor, what would you do to contribute to Iwi economic strategies and aspirations?" These are their responses:

and supports investment by making sensible decisions around resource consents and other regulations then an important investor, as Iwi will most certainly become, will be able to prosper and do well for its shareholders, i.e. its people. The new Economic Development Agency will be an important vehicle for Iwi to work with and together I am confident they will generate significant benefits. From my perspective Iwi must be an integral part of any strategic planning around economic development and if everyone works for the betterment of their people then we will all benefit.

Trevor Helson

Tina Karaitiana

Clive Bibby In terms of economic development, Councillors main responsibility is to ensure an environment exists that allows for all businesses to operate as fair traders. In other words, we can help most as "enablers or facilitators" by making sure the balance of local and central government regulations are fair and not too restrictive. When dealing with Iwi, Councillors need to understand the philosophical and cultural perspectives that influence Māori business decisions because they can be quite different from those that influence Pakehā and need to be respected as important ingredients in their mix such as Māori attitudes to land ownership, corporate governance and deal making often lead to alternative business structures which may offer different executive career opportunities. These different strategies can work just as well in achieving business objectives and may be instrumental in providing stability to an otherwise volatile environment. Councillors also need to be aware of the stated position of Iwi leadership when it comes to problem solving such as "local solutions to local problems" is a catch cry frequently heard in this district and that little phrase says quite a lot about Iwi aspirations. However, in the final analysis, the important decisions that Council makes will have similar effects on both Māori and Pakehā business institutions. We just need to be aware that our responsibilities to all constituents will require us to be as adaptable as we are asking them to be when negotiating outcomes that benefit us all. Clive Bibby

Trevor Helson I regard the recent developments re the Treaty Settlements as a major opportunity for Iwi of this region to take a far more active role in the economic development of Gisborne Tairāwhiti. Iwi will be important players and with wise heads guiding them they will not only improve the wellbeing of Māori but of the whole district. This should be welcomed. As a councillor I do not believe there are any special activities needed by the council apart from what should be happening for all entrepreneurial efforts. Unfortunately there are still some road blocks and these have to be removed. Gisborne should be an easy place to do business in and should always be 'open for business'. If the council is business friendly

A vital role of Council and Councillors is to work with Iwi for the benefit of our region, our people and our future. Council needs to be there to support Iwi capital working in with Māori land trusts and incorporations to increase productivity in our region. This will include GDC investing in the necessary infrastructure support including roading, water reticulation, regulations and trade relationships which, in turn, will benefit the entire region. It is this type of investment that leads to greater employment and reduction in the social ills that face us as a region. Iwi have developed social, environmental and economic plans and it would certainly prove beneficial for Councillors to become familiar with these strategies in order to lend support when needed. Council has the opportunity to be a leader of change or just a follower I would like to think that our Council will elect to be a leader in these exciting times ahead. Tina Karaitiana

Pamela Murphy Iwi have worked long and hard, with a great deal of patience for their settlements. What individual Iwi do with these settlements is their decision alone. There is no argument, economic benefit for the entire region will be a flow-on effect of these settlements. Income and employment opportunities through avenues such as Māori tourism could, and should become a reality. A classic example, due to part of one of Iwi settlement, will be the return of Te Hau ki Tūranga. While this house does not belong to all Iwi, they all have the chance to benefit through the interest in Māori tourism its return will generate. I believe Council can assist with this great opportunity for the region by fast tracking and smoothing the way through the various legal requirements and consents for the return of this, not only local, but national treasure will create. I would like to be part of the Council's assistance to all Iwi. Pamela Murphy

Terry Sheldrake My response assumes that each of the Iwi whom have reached and received a settlement from central government will certainly be making the best decisions possible for their people along with providing all due diligence and consideration re the environment.

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I further assume that those empowered to make all fiscal and management decisions will take the time necessary to each work through their own plans and ultimately arrive at a consensus re how these investments are to be made.

Based on these well thought through and processed strategies, should council have any involvement in issuing things such as consents/approvals/licenses. Then like all other council table decisions providing they are logic and present well to the full council then via a democratic vote I would not have any hesitation at all in being supportive. Part of my campaign is based on encouraging council to be as helpful as possible with all existing and any “new business” enterprise/activity. We need far more business taking place within Tairawhiti if we are to make a sustainable growth impact. I would be only too pleased to be able to contribute in any way to such decisions if successful with my campaign. Terry Sheldrake

Josh Wharehinga I think council needs to recognise and ensure that the Iwi voice remains autonomous and empowered in Iwi matters, not just in principle but also in practice. One of the cornerstones of my campaign is engaging those communities that council decisions affect the most so I’d be promoting that council engage Iwi to find out what they want their support to be. Engagement needs to be meaningful and it needs to be now. I’ll be promoting that council’s Economic Development Agency liaise with Iwi strongly. I’d be advocating that council streamline operational processes in order to support iwi on a procedural level so when settlement occurs and Iwi decide to action then progress is not hindered by copious amounts of red tape. Te Tairāwhiti has the benefit of being one of the most bicultural places in Aotearoa and council need to support our unique cultural heritage. This can be done by promoting the authentic Tairāwhiti experience to attract tourism, ensuring council operates in a meaningful bicultural manner, improve current infrastructure to reduce waste into the awa and moana which aligns to Iwi cultural economy and building future infrastructure to help foster Iwi aims of research and development. Josh Wharehinga

Pīpīwharauroa reminds you to make sure you vote


...Continued from last month During January 1916 Pitt underwent two further examinations before medical boards. This seemed to satisfy the members of the Māori Contingent Committee who suspected ‘a conspiracy to get rid of Pitt’ and had requested an independent medical examination by men nominated by the Committee. Pitt was struck off the strength of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force on 17 February 1916, began drawing a pension, and reverted to his pre-war rank of lieutenant.1 He was very unhappy with how things had turned out and petitioned Parliament to set up a commission of inquiry so as to have the whole matter investigated and to allow him to sue General Godley. He claimed that Godley had ‘used his position in the service to deliberately libel, discredit and dishonour an officer who as a soldier is without redress.’ His petition was unsuccessful.2

Māori Contingent Committee takes action On the same day that Dansey submitted his petition, the remaining eight officers of the contingent, including Pitt, also sought an enquiry through Colonel Herbert: Sir, It is with absolute consternation that we, the Māori officers of the Māori Contingent, learn that those of our brother officers Capt. Dansey, 2 Lt. Hiroti and 2 Lt. Hetet, have been placed under arrest on charges which amount to deserting their post in the face of the enemy. The charge is startling to us because knowing the facts of the case as we do, there surely must be some serious mistake or discrepancy which a careful inquiry, with the calling of evidence would clear up ... We further understand that Capt. Dansey was a disgrace to his race. This surely was a misapprehension ... The statement above does not accord with our experience. From the way Capt. Dansey personally led his (men) on the Friday night bayonet charges when he personally killed 3 Turks with the bayonet and the way he conducted himself during the subsequent operations has earned not only the respect of his brother officers but also the respect and confidence of his men. He has proved himself in our opinion a gallant gentleman and has upheld the fighting traditions of his race. In the face of this any reflection upon his honour and courage must be shared by us all and further deemed as a reflection upon the Māori Race.3 At the front the petition went no further than Herbert, but in New Zealand, after a copy was forwarded to the Māori Contingent Committee, it found in the Committee’s members sympathetic readers willing to take action. On 7 and 8 December, the Committee met with Allen setting out for him a number of resolutions they had agreed to, one of which demanded Herbert have nothing further to do with the Māori Contingent.4 They reminded the minister that from the outset they had insisted on the best commander available for the contingent. ‘Captain Peacock’, they wrote, ‘had understanding of the Native character, the necessary tact for handling Natives, and a firmness that commanded the respect of the officers and men.’5 What’s more, they pointed out, Peacock had the approval of the minister, the Defence Department, the Māori Contingent Committee and Māori leaders whose sons and relatives they were entrusting to his care, while it was Godley alone who had approved Herbert: "We now understand that whereas early in August the greatest friction existed between the Officer Commanding and his officers . . . the situation was solved by

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Māori in the First World War 1914-1918

Māori in WW1 - Mōteatea

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Pipiwharauroa

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Te Pōkai Manukai-rongorongo

Pō! Pō! E tangi ana tama ki te kai māna, waiho me tiki ake ki te Pou-ā-hao-kai, hei ā mai te pakake ki uta rā hei waiū mō tama. I te 28 o Haratua i huataki ake te wānanga Manu-kai-rongorongo ki te marae o Te Kurī a Tuatai. Ko te kaupapa nei a te Manu-kairongorongo he whakakao mai i te tangata, hakoa ko wai, hakoa nō whea, i runga anō i te whāinga matua kia rangatira ai ō tātou marae. I ngā pōtoru o te wiki, mai i te wā o te huatakitanga tae noa mai ki tēnei, kua toro atu tēnei pōkai hōkaka ki ngā marae, ā, he ako mōteatea te mahi. Mīharo kē ana i te mahi a te tangata, i te hunga e whakakoroa nei ki tēnei kaupapa nui whakaharahara. Haere te wānanga he kanohi hou, haere te wānanga he kanohi hou. Ko aua kanohi rā, tamariki atu, pakeke atu, he tangata marae, he ringawera, ko taua hunga ka noho ki muri, ko te hunga ka noho ki mua engari ka noho mū, ka pararāwaha rānei i ngā kupu, tae noa ki te hunga ka whakakeke ka mahue kē atu mā taitamariki, mā hunga kapa haka anake e waha i ngā mōteatea. Me pēhea te kore e hiki i te pōtae me te mihi atu ki tēnei hunga nā rātou anō rātou i kuhu. Ka mutu pea te rīrā o tēnei hunga, i turaki ai ngā tūwatawata o mataku, o māngere, o māharahara, parepare ana ērā ki rāhaki, haere atu ana ki te ako. Kua ranga te muri, e kōpana ana tēnei ope whakataka a Manu-kai-rongorongo, ka ngana nei ki te kaupare i ngā wero maha e mārakerake ana te kite i runga i ō tātou marae i ēnei rā, i te korenga o kui mā, o koro mā. Mairātia iho ngā hīrea waha, ngā reo o whakapata, ki ngā rā i māhorahora ai te noho a te tangata, tē māharahara ai ki ngā whakahaerenga o runga i te marae, i te nui o ngā kaumātua e ora ana i aua wā. • The splitting-up of the Contingent and its ceasing to exist as a unit. • By the sending back of four officers. • By the transfer of Lieut. Colonel Herbert to another command; a most dramatic solution, forced partly by circumstances, and partly by decisions that are now causing us and our people the greatest dissatisfaction and disquietude." With reference to the officers’ petition, they said: "This is the written evidence of eight men, some of whom have been specially mentioned, and one of whom at least, Dr Buck, is entitled to be heard in any part of the world ... we have not been convinced that any full and impartial enquiry has been made ... We think that the higher officers at Anzac depended absolutely on Lieut. Colonel Herbert’s reports, and we have endeavoured to show that in our opinion he was not in a position to be fair to the men whom he condemned." The Māori Contingent Committee requested a ‘full enquiry’ and an investigation into Herbert’s ‘capacity and competence while in command of the Māori Contingent’. Pending the inquiry, they asked that the three officers be placed in the Narrow Neck camp to assist in the training of further Māori reinforcements. They ended the five-page petition with a caveat: If the authorities do not see their way to grant the enquiry we seek, we deem it our duty to inform you, on behalf of the people we represent, that it will not be possible to recruit further reinforcements among the Māori tribes. The following day they wrote to Allen about General Godley’s splitting up of the Māori Contingent. Reinforcements (i.e. Second Māori Contingent) had been despatched to Egypt in September and the Māori Contingent Committee wanted these men added to the

Rongowhakaata Iwi

Kāti rā, e kore e pahure i a tātou te paku aha i te kōingo noa. “Pūraho māku, kei ngaure o mahi.” Tēnā koa ko tēnei he whakahika i a Hine-kaikōmako ki roto ki tēnā, ki tēnā, hakoa pūrehua noa iho, hakoa whitawhita, kia tāhuna te pākaiahi kia muramura ai, kia tū he pōkai manu-kairongorongo, marae atu, marae atu, marae atu. A hauanga rā, ka tiripou atu tēnei pōkai manu, ka ruku ki ngā āhuatanga whānui o runga i te marae, pēnei nei me te karanga, te whaikōrero, ngā tikanga me ngā kawa. Heoi mō tēnei wā he kaiparahua atu ki ngā mōteatea o te takiwā. Ko te waiata kua tīmatahia e tēnei pōkai manu te ako ko te oriori rongonui a Enoka Te Pakaru, ko ‘Pō! Pō!’. Kāre pea he waiata i tua atu e kapi ai ngā iwi katoa o Tūranga-nui-ā-Kiwa. Hei te pōtoru o te wiki e tū mai nei, hei te ono o ngā haora i te pō ka toro ki roto o te Muriwai ki Te Poho o Tāmanuhiri, ā, huri anō, huri anō, kia oti rā anō tētahi kohinga waiata te ako. Kāti, anika te reo pōhiri ki ngā tōpuni tauwhāinga, nau mai, tauti mai. Ko Pekehawani ka noho i a Rehua, ko Ruhite-rangi ka tau kei raro te ngahuru tikotikoiere, ko Poutū-te-rangi te mātahi o te tau, te putunga o te hinu e tama e! remnant of the Māori Contingent to allow a separate unit of two companies to again be formed: "We do not follow the General’s view that the merging of platoons and half companies in various units of the N.Z. Infantry Brigade – leading inevitably to their being split up and being scattered over miles of trenches – does not imperil or affect the identity of the Contingent. We maintain that that identity has been lost. It is a fact that ever since the General’s decision was given effect to we have heard nothing further of the doings of the Contingent as a Contingent. We have on the other hand received letters from the trenches with the wail – ‘Kua wehewehe matou’ – ‘We are separated.’ " In their view it was the existence of a separate unit representing the Māori race, however small, that had drawn volunteers over the past seven or eight months. They now considered the splitting up of the contingent as ‘a breach of faith’. Again they ended the letter with a warning. We could not ourselves go before our people to ask References:

Proceedings of an Emergency Medical Board, 4 Jan 1916. The president was Lt-Col J. S. Elliot with one member, Maj. J. W. Harty. Report on Petition of Capt. W.T. Pitt, 11 Jan 1916, in Pitt Personnel File, & Ngata to Allen, 19 Jan 1916, in AD1 707 9/32/1, ANZ. 2 - Pitt Petition, in Pitt Personnel File, ANZ. 3 - Capt. W. Pitt et al to O.C. Maori Contingent, 11 Aug 1915, AD1 707 9/32/1, ANZ. 4 - Allen to Robin, 8 Dec 1916, AD1 707 9/32/1, ANZ. 5 - Carroll, Pomare, Ngata to Allen, 8 Dec 1915, AD1 707 9/32/1, ANZ. Ibid. Ibid. Carroll, Pomare to Allen, & Ngata to Allen, 9 Dec 1915, AD1 707 9/32/1, ANZ. Carroll, Pomare to Allen, & Ngata to Allen, 9 Dec 1915, AD1 707 9/32/1, ANZ. Allen to Godley, 14 Dec 1915, AD1 707 9/32/1, ANZ. Godley to Allen, 25 Dec 1915, AD 10 20, 42/4, copy also in in AD1 707 9/32/1, ANZ. Russell to Godley, 10 Jan 1916, Allen1, M1/15 Pt 2, ANZ. A. Russell to Godley, 23 Dec 1915, Allen1 1, M1/15 Pt 2, ANZ. Allen to Godley, 15 Feb 1916, in Allen1, M1/15 Pt 2, ANZ; Allen to Godley, 6 Mar 1916, in Allen1, M1/15 Pt 2, ANZ. The Dalmore left on 14 Jan 1916. Capt. P.W. Skelley to Dansey, Hetet & Hiroti, 13 Jan 1916, in AD1 707 9/32/1, copy in Dansey Personnel File, 1-


Pipiwharauroa

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Ngā Tama Toa e Ngā Kapa Haka

CALL FOR SOLDIERS’ PHOTOS

The opening of the C Company Memorial Whare at Kelvin Park has been set down for October. The outside of the structure is nearing completion with just landscaping and an entrance way to be established. In the meantime, inside the building, the first exhibition for the whare is being installed. This is a circular display based on the 1000 faces of the Price of Citizenship Gallery that used to stand next door in the Tairāwhiti Museum. This will be the heart of the exhibition spaces. Professor Derek Lardelli and Associate-Professor Steve Gibbs have designed this aspect of the space and with the help of Tairāwhiti Museum staff, it is expected that quite an impressive display will be mounted in the building for the opening. In addition to the Price of Citizenship exhibition the Nga Taonga a Nga Tama Toa Trust, who is responsible for the building and the care of the exhibitions, has opened up the huge surrounding wall space in the exhibition area to be used to mount a display of servicemen and servicewomen who were on active service in overseas theatres of war and who are associated with the Gisborne –East Coast – Eastern Bay of Plenty region (i.e. Torere to Muriwai). This includes servicemen and women who, for employment reasons or through marriage, settled in the region after their overseas service was completed. This means if you have a photo of a grandparent, uncle, husband, wife or other relative who was in the Boer War, the First or Second World Wars, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Vietnam or the more recent conflicts in which our country has sent military personnel and if you are willing to have it displayed, then we will mount it on the wall. The aim is to acknowledge the contribution that both individuals and this region have made to the defence of the country and to supporting the British Commonwealth in times of crisis. It is not meant to glorify war, but rather, in commemorating their service, to remind us of the futility of war.

This idea was tried at the museum for Anzac 2006 and it was very successful. The Black family of Muriwai submitted the first photo and within a month the exhibition space was filled with local photos. The new building has a much bigger area to fill, almost three times the space. With a little more than two months to gather in all the photos it will be an interesting challenge for the communities in the Tairāwhiti region, but I am sure we will rise to that challenge.

The first photo that will be hung is that of Lieutenant James Paumea Ferris (later lieutenant-colonel), which his daughter Ingrid Searancke has kindly submitted. With the centenary of the First World War commencing this year it is appropriate that a “digger” be the first photograph put up. Jim, as he was known, was part of the first organised Māori force to participate in an overseas conflict. This was the Māori Contingent, made up of 500 volunteers and which became known as Te Hokowhitu-a-Tu. He and other volunteers left the Gisborne Army Hall for the Avondale Training Camp in October 1914. Ingrid Searanke is presently the longest serving member of the board of the Tairāwhiti Museum and her family has a long association with overseas military service. Her husband Major Monty Searancke was an officer in the 28th Māori Battalion. If you wish to loan a photograph for display in the Memorial Whare please take it to the Tairāwhiti Museum where it will be formally recorded. You need to ensure it is in a frame so that it can be hung. The photos will be on display for approximately one year. For those who agree, we will make a scanned copy of the photo so that they can be seen in a revolving display in years to come. Framed photos can be submitted from 1 July.

WHY OCTOBER? This year marks the beginning of the centenary of New Zealand's participation in the First World War. Our government will be marking the centenary over several years through many different commemorative projects and activities. On that basis the October date was chosen as the opening of the memorial whare because it signifies 100 years since the first organised

Māori force of volunteers from the Horouta region was farewelled in Gisborne for overseas service. These were the fathers, uncles and older brothers of those men who went to the Second World War as members of C Company. The Pakeha commanding officer at Gisborne, in farewelling the volunteers, stated, “This is the first occasion, as far as I know, in which you have taken part in any expedition away from New Zealand, excepting ceremonial ones. You are, therefore, being placed in a position of honor.” The volunteers who made up the Tairāwhiti component of the Maori Contingent, which became known as Te Hokowhitu a Tu, included from the East Coast: Acting-Lieutenant Hatara Matehe, Kawhena Tokara, Hikitapua Parata, Ruru Tapine, Reupena Toheriri, Hutare Maraki, Rauwiri Taewa, Turei Kerehi (Grace), Hohaia Makaraati (McClutchie), Tio Wiremu, Hare Kake, Maku Heera (Hale), Haare Taumaunu, Eruera Kawhia, Rere Poi, Rutene Reihana, Wi Tamehana, Remana Paenga, Waiheke Puha, Tawhai Kohere, Komene Poutu, Pono Pereto, Tio Pereto, Hani Pereto, Renata Turi, Timi Keneti, Enoka Potae, Tio Peka, Hone Petiha, Wiremu Kouka, Whare Pahina, Charlie Pitt, Arona McGregor, Whare Mira (Mill), Hone Morete, Hone Mokena, William Morris, Piana Pera, Akuhata Paku, Pare Pewhairangi, Renata Pohatu, Wiremu H. Rangi, Rangi Rua, Tihema Te Puni, Kahutia te Hau, Rawhira Wairau, Rota Waipara, Hori Haere, James Thompson, Reweri Kirimana, Wiremu Tuhiwai, Karu Puhipuhi, Autini Kaipara, Waretini Rukingi, Rua Pereto. Epiha Puru, Huru Warakihi, Rimu Kara, Tiara Paputene, Rawiri Grant, William Halbert, Tere Kani. They were put through their paces at the Garrison Hall on the morning of Saturday 18 October and then marched to Kaiti ‘Māori’ Church where, accompanied by Lady Heni Materoa Carroll and Wi Pere, the detachment went aboard the Tuatea for Napier en route to Auckland.

THE DRAW for TE MATATINI 2015 Christchurch

Ngā Kapa Haka Tuarua ō Aotearoa ORDER OF PERFORMANCE The following draw was made at the NZPPTA Office in Wellington by the National Committee and Executive Members. This is the official and final order of performance for Ngā Kapa Haka Tuarua o Aoteroa 2014. Pool A ~ Tuesday 29th July 2014

Pool B ~ Wednesday 30th July 2014 1

Te Wairoa

2

Te Kura Kauapa Māori ō Whangaroa

3

Te Rourou Kura

4

Te Pūāwaitanga

5

Te Kura Kauapa Māori o Rākaumangamanga

6

Te Wharekura o Rūātoki

7

Hato Paora College

8

Te Wharekura o Arowhenua

9

Mangaharakeke

10

Kia Aroha College

11

Ōtaki Rāhui

7.30pm on 11th June 2014 45 kapa haka have qualified for Te Matatini 2015. The draw will take place on 11 June 2014. You can watch it via a live stream on the Te Matatini website and Te Matatini Facebook page from 7.30 pm. Or you can listen to it live on radio via Tahu FM. More details will be advised closer to the date.” Ngā mihi rā

1

Te Kapa Rau Aroha

2

Te Kura Māori ō Porirua

3

Te Huatai Katorika

4

Te Kura Kaupapa Māori o Te Rawhitiroa

5

Te Waka Kōtuia

12

Ngā Toka Hāpai

6

Tūranga Wahine Tūranga Tāne

6

Te Aute College

13

Te Wharekura o Hoani Waititi Marae

7

Ngā Taiohi ā Hauiti

7

Te Kura Kaupapa Māori a Rohe o Mangere

14

Lytton High School

8

Cullinane College

8

Massey High School

9

Wanganui City College

9

Turakina Māori Girls College

10

Auckland Girls Grammar School

11

Iti Rearea

Pool C ~ Thursday 31st July 2014 1

Te Kura Kaupapa Māori o Ngāti Kahungunu ki Heretaunga

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Te Whānau ā Apanui Area School

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TKKM o Kawakawa Mai Tawhiti

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Te Wharekura o Ngā Taiātea

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Ngā Puna o Waiōrea

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Naenae College

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Te Roopu Raukura

13

Te Piringa

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Te Kura Māori o Te Rau Aroha

4

Te Maurea Whiritoi

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Te Puku ō Te Ika

Ōpotiki College

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Western Heights High School

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P朝p朝wharauroa

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Pipiwha'rauroa Page 14


Pipiwharauroa "TŪRANGA HEALTH"

Page 15

Monday 30 June 2014

Sounds of Healing!

Singing with a group never fails to leave everyone feeling fabulous. That’s how clients and staff feel every Monday after waiata practice at a Gisborne centre for people living with mental and physical disabilities. Clients, or whānau as they are known at the Vanessa Lowndes Centre (VLC), have been singing for five years and recently made their stage debut. Words: Hayley Redpath. Image: Alexandra Green. Singing is good for the soul The Vanessa Lowndes Centre is about building confidence and preparing people with mental, physical or intellectual disabilities for independence and employment. The Centre’s dedicated staff guide and nurture around 45 whānau through a wide range of educational and fun programmes and activities. One favourite is singing. VLC Manager Laura Biddle says singing delivers a host of physical and emotional benefits including improved mindset, confidence and self esteem. “While singing alone is good, singing with others can be even better”. She says a significant barrier for people with disabilities can be the stereotypical assumptions and attitudes about what people can and cannot do.” By encouraging singing and performance, VLC can create normal experiences for the whānau and improve community attitudes. Mauriora! Numbers at VLC’s Waiata Group practice are swelled by Turanga Health staff. John Pomana from Turanga Health is a guitarist for the group and says Waiata Group began as a natural addition to the te reo Māori lessons he was running at VLC. He believes strongly in the educational, therapeutic and healing powers of song. “Even the odd off-key note or wrong lyric can’t detract from how good singing makes everyone feel.” Whānau and staff leave the session uplifted. “I love seeing the enthusiasm and excitement they generate themselves. The ihi, wehi, and wana comes through. Its’ about Mauriora! On Stage VLC staff are always looking for ways to instil a sense of worth and wellbeing for the whānau and at the same time encourage the community to be more inclusive of people with disabilities. Inviting the Waiata Group to perform on stage at the Tamararo competition was a suggestion from the group’s singing leader Mere Waihi. Mere says says VLC and Turanga Health wanted to support the local event but “do you think we could find enough Turanga Health staff to be in the group to go on stage? No!” The idea was abandoned. VLC whānau never waived in their enthusiasm and a week before the March event a team was entered. John says it was important those on stage upheld their own mana and were treated with respect. When the Waiata Group walked on stage the crowd loved them and once the music started there was nothing but support and admiration. Guitarist Denzil Moeke said when Waiata Group member Bos Apelu unexpectedly presented a patu and delivered pūkana it was amazing! Do you hear the people sing? Waiata Group’s next performance is likely to be a Christmas concert for friends and whānau at the end of the year. Laura is in awe of the passion and enthusiasm shown by whānau, and thanks staff who have nurtured the group with their musical teaching. She says in the words of Ella Fitzgerald, “the only thing better than singing – is more singing!”.

Bos Apelu

Powerfully built with an equally powerful voice Bos Apelu is an enthusiastic Waiata Group member. He was singled out to use his formidable voice and lead the group into Taku Rākau e, a mōteatea about a kuia returning to her homeland now bereft of her family. “I felt proud to do that,” says Bos. Bos has Niuean heritage and says other family members sing well. He loved being on stage with the Waiata Group and smiles with delight when reminded he surprised everyone with his patu. “It felt marvellous.” Advice from his waka ama coach to channel any nerves into the activity being performed kept him calm and he said the only thought going through his head was to make VLC proud.

Leanne Smiler

“It was the first time I had been on stage in front of everybody and I got the shivers,” says 34-year-old Leanne Smiler who has an amazing set of pipes. Stage fright was out of the question “because I am a music lover and it was natural. The words came and they stayed.” Leanne’s singing ability was obvious to Mere who suggested to Leanne last year she lead a waiata called Heke Tuna. The song tells the story of the mysterious migrations of eels, and Leanne has made it her own. Her powerful soprano voice exploded over the group as she sang the first lines of the song on stage. “I know the song now and I know the tune,” says Leanne. Leanne lives at home with her mother and comes to VLC every day where she is supported by her grandmother Queenie Takurua. Queenie helps her with activities and personal care. She says her family is blessed to still have Leanne after a car accident nearly 10 years ago left her with neurological and physical challenges. Her singing voice never changed and they were proud when Leanne was on stage. “She is a survivor and we were so happy for her.”


Pipiwharauroa 'Tūranga Ararau'

Page 16

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Pipiwharauroa June 2014  

Pipiwharauroa June 2014

Pipiwharauroa June 2014  

Pipiwharauroa June 2014

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