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bkaÈhd o¾Yk

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ixialdrl( fihsâ wlandreoa§ka iydh ixialdrl( ksÅf,aIa älais;a úfoaY lghq;= wud;HdxYh ldur wxl 255, ta - wka;h, Ydia;%S Njka kj È,a,sh, 110001 bkaÈhdj ÿrl:k( 91'11'23383316" *elaia( 91'11'23384663 fjí wvúh( http://www.indiandiplomacy.in Tnf.a m%;spdr $ úuiSï i|yd( osdpd2@mea.gov.in

uelaiafmdaIqj¾ óähd .DDma bkaähd mqoa.,sl iud.u m%ldYl yd m%Odk fufyhqï ks,OdÍ( úldia fcdydß m%Odk úOdhl ks,OdÍ yd l<uKdldr wOHlaI( m%ldIa fcdydß m%Odk uQ,H ks,OdÍ( l=,a§ma isx úOdhl ixialdrl( fi!rí gkaLd m%Odk ld¾hd,h uelaiafmdaIqj¾ óähd .DDma bkaähd mqoa.,sl iud.u F2B tallh" fojk uy," MIRA ixia:dms; ldur fldgia wxl 1 yd 2" BYaj¾ k.¾" u;=rd mdr" kj È,a,sh" 110065" bkaÈhdj CIN No: U22229DL2006PTC152087 ÿrl:k( +91.11.43011111, Fax: +91.11.43011199 Tnf.a m%;spdr $ úuiSï i|yd( indiaperspectives@maxposure.in

úuiSï | MMGIPL i`oyd ÿrl:k( +91.11.43011111 *elaia( +91.11.43011199 www.maxposure.in

bkaÈhd o¾Yk" wrdì" nyid bkaÿkSishd" bx.%Sis" m%xY" c¾uka" yskaÈ" b;d,s" meIafgda" m¾ishdkq" mD;=.Sis" reishdkq" isxy," iamd[a[ yd fou< NdId j,ska m%ldYhg m;a flf¾¡ ldur wxl 255, ta - wka;h, Ydia;%S Njka, kj È,a,sh, 110001 ys úfoaY lghq;= wud;HdxYfha (MEA) taldnoaO f,alï (XP) yd ks, udOH m%ldYl fihsâ wlandreoa§ka úiska bkaÈhd o¾Yk uqøKh lr m%ldYhg m;a lrkq ,nk w;r tall F2B, fojk uy," MIRA ixia:dms; ldur" fldgia wxl 1 yd 2" BYaj¾ k.¾" u;=rd mdr" kj È,a,sh" 110065 ys uelaiafmdaIqj¾ óähd .DDma bkaähd mqoa.,sl iud.fï§ (MMGIPL) m%ldYhg m;a lrkq ,nhs¡ bkaÈhd o¾Yk jirlg 6 jrla m%ldYhg m;a fõ¡ ish¿u ysñlï weúßKs¡ fuys m<jk ,sms" ie,iqï yd $ fyda PdhdrEm bkaÈhd o¾Yk ys wkque;sh we;sj Ndú;d l< fyda kej; ks¾udKh l< yelsh¡ MEA yd MMGIPL, úfYaI b,a,Sula fkdue;sj imhk ,o ksIamdok" w;a msgm;a" PdhdrEm" ie,iqï úksúoNdjh yd fjk;a oE j,g isÿjk ydks fyda mdvq ms<sn|j j.lshkq fkd,efí¡ iÕrdj ;=, we;s woyia w;HjYHfhkau MEA fyda MMGIPL ys woyia fkdjk nj i,lkak¡

tkak wm yd( http://www.facebook.com/IndianDiplomacy http://www.twitter.com/IndianDiplomacy http://www.youtube.com/Indiandiplomacy —bkaÈhd o¾Yk˜ msgm;a i|yd wdikak;u bka§h ;dkdm;s ld¾hd,h wu;kak¡


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rch úiska uQ,H iydh f,i tla k.rhlg fldaá 2500 l idudkHhlg wkqj ^tla k.rhlg fldaá 3000 Wmßu iSudjlg hg;aj& fldaá 17500 la wkqu; lr we;s w;r Bg odøs-fkdhsvd->disndoa wdfhdack l,dmh" ufkaid¾ndjd,a wdfhdack l,dmh" l+Yaflrd-NsjdÈ-kSïrdkd wdfhdack l,dmh" iy wyuodndoa-fodaf,ard wdfhdack l,dmh" we;=¿j l¾udka; k.r y;la ixj¾Okh lsÍu we;=,;a fõ' tu.ska fldaá ;=kla muK jQ fiajdkshqla;s wjia:d ckkh jkq we;ehs fmfka' lemjQ nvq m%jdyk ;Srh iy fmdaIl m%jdyk há;, myiqlï wdjYH;d j, tfl,a, WmßulrKh ms‚i" .=Kd;aul há;, myiqlï iu. Wiia ms<s.egqï wd¾Ól l,dmj, ixj¾Okh i|yd n,mEï l,dmh lemjQ nvq m%jdyk ;Srfha tfl,af,ka fomigu lsf,daóg¾ 200 olajd ne.ska m%udKhlska úysÿjd ,Sug ie,ls,a, fhduq lr we;' n,mEï l,dmh g w;sf¾lSj" È,a,s uqïndhs l¾udka; ;Srfha ixj¾Okhg fmdaIl ÿïßhla iy miqìï m%foaYhg ud¾. iïnkaO;d yelshdj" fj<|m,j,a iy ngysr fjr<nv ;Srh È.g f;dard.;a uqyqÿ f;dg msysgqï ifudaOdkh lsÍu

we;=,;a jkq we;' È,a,s uqïndhs l¾udka; ;Srh i|yd jHdmD;s n,mEï l,dmh j¾. lsf,daóg¾ 436486 l m%foaYhlska ieÿï,;a tlla jkq we;s w;r tu.ska iuia; bkaÈhdfõ N+f.da,Sh m%foaYj,ska ishhg 13'8 l wdjrKh jkq we;' m%foaY jHdma;sh mokï lr .ksñka" È,a,s uqïndhs l¾udka; ;Srfha jHdmD;s n,mEï l,dmh m%dka; y;lska iy tlai;a n,m%foaY follska ieÿï ,d we;' È,a,s uqïndhs l¾udka; ;Srfha jHdmD;s n,mEï l,dmh ñ,shk 178 l taldnoaO ck.yKhlska iukaú; jk w;r th rfÜ iuia; ck.yKfhka wdikak jYfhka ishhg 17 la ixia:dmkh lrhs' È,a,s uqïndhs l¾udka; ;Sr m%dka;hka úiska rfÜ uQ,sl lDIs fNda.hkaf.ka ishhg 50 l odhl;ajhla olajk w;r th rfÜ iuia; wmkhkhkaf.ka ishhg 60 la fõ' ;jÿrg;a" úfoaY wdfhdack m%jK;d úiska olajd isák mßÈ" È,a,s uqïndhs l¾udka; ;Sr m%dka;hka úiska 2000 ckjdß- 2006 foieïn¾ w;r ld,fha§ rg ;=<g wd úfoaY Rcq wdfhdack fldgia wdfhdack j,ska ishhg 52 lg ysñlï lSfõh'

.=crdgh bkaÈhdfõ jvd;au l¾udka;lrKhg ,la ù we;s m%dka;hla jk" .=crdgh 2002-2007 olajd ishhg 12'5 l ;rï by< l¾udka; j¾Ok wkqmd;hla m%o¾Ykh lrkq ,en we;' bkaÈhdfõ oijk mia wjqreÿ ie,iqug wkqj" th jeäu o< foaYSh ksIamdÈ; j¾Okh w;alr f.k we;' th ishhg 10'2 ls' .=crdgh bkaÈhdfõ iuia; wdfhdackj,ska ishhg 15'14 lg ysñlï lshhs ^fvd,¾ ì,shk 114'52 ls&' .=crdgh o< m%dka; foaYSh ksIamdÈ;fhka ishhg 10'2 la ^2002-2007& fmkajd we;s w;r b,lal.; o< m%dka; foaYSh ksIamdÈ;fhka ishhg 11'2 la ^2007-2012& wfmalaIs;hhs' wyuodndoa-fodaf,ard wdfhdack l,dmh jfodaodrd$wyuodndoa ys lemjQ nvq m%jdyk ;Srfha isg lsf,daóg¾ 100 la jgd l,dmfha msysgd we;' m%dka; rch úiska fodaf,ard úfYaIs; wdfhdack l,dmhla f,i kï fldg we;s w;r ixj¾Ok ie,iqï ilia lsÍu wdrïN lr ;sfí' tu.ska ;jÿrg;a fodaf,ardj yß; m%foaY jrdh ixj¾Okhla ixj¾Okh i|yd flá ,ehsia;= .;lsÍu lr we;' fï u; l%shdud¾. mgka .kq ,en ;sfí' lsf,daóg¾ 1500 la jk lemjQ nvq m%jdyk ;Srfha È.ska ishhg 38 la ^564 lsó& jgd m%udKhla .=crdgh yryd hk w;r;=r th .=crdg N+ñfhka ishhg 62 la ;rï jk m%udKhls' .=crdgfha Èia;%slal 26 ka 18 lau n,mEï l,dmh ;=<g jefÜ' m%dka;h úúO

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l¾udka; ixia:dms;hka iu. fldaá 284451 la jákd wjfndaOd;aul .súiqï w;aika lr we;s w;r" ,laI y;la muK ck;djlg fiajdkshqla;sh i,id fohs'


rdcia:dkh rdcia:dkh bkaÈhdfõ fmdfydi;a W;=reÈ. iy iuDoaêu;a ngysrÈ. m%dka; w;r jk iajNdúl ;Srhls' tu.ska th jeo.;a fj<| yd jd‚c uOHia:dkhla njg m;aù ;sfí' lemjQ nvq m%jdyk ;Srfhka wdikak jYfhka ishhg 39 l m%udKhla rdcia:dkh yryd jefgk w;r" l¾udka; ia:dmkh i|yd jk wjia:djka m%lgh' ;Srh úiska rdcia:dkh ngysrÈ. iy W;=reÈ. fj<|m,j,a j,g msúiqï iydh we;s tlla njg m;a lr,kq we;' m%dka;fha N+ñfhka ishhg 60 la muK ^cdhsmQ¾" w,ajd¾ iy ì,ajdrd we;=¿j Èia;%slal 22 la ;=<& jHdmD;s n,mEï l,dmh ;=<g jefÜ' tksid m%dka;h l¾udka; iy iydh há;, myiqlï tall i|yd wdl¾IŒh .ukdka;hla njg m;ajkq we;' l=Yaflard-NsjdÈ-kSïrdkd l,dmh ;=<" taldnoaO l¾udka; kd.ßl jHqyhla ixj¾Okh fjñka mj;S' iudkdldrfhkau" wfkl=;a há;, myiqlï iy jHdmD;s iu. kd.ßl;ajhla ie,iqï lr we;' th m<uq wÈhf¾§ È,a,s uqïndhs l¾udka; ;Srh ;=< fcdaoamQ¾-md,s-ud¾jd¾ m%foaYh ;=< msysgqjkq we;' m%dka;h kjH;dfjka hq;a ixpdrl m%j¾Ok

uydrdIag%h m<uq wÈhr 2042 jk úg fldaá ,laI 20 l l¾udka; ksIamdokhla ckkh lsÍfï YlH;dfjka hqla; jk w;r ,laI 38 l ksIamdok /lshd wjia:d m%udKhla ckkh lrkq we;' m%dka; rch úiska fldaá 17319 l wdfhdackhla we;sj Trjka. dndoa ys fIkaoaf¾-ìâlska l¾udka; k.rfha ixj¾Okh lrkq we;' uydrdIag%h tla tla kd.ßl;aj jHdmD;shla i|yd N+ñh imhk w;r;=r uOHia:dkfha odhl;ajh fldaá 3000 la jkq we;' m%dka; rch iy È,a,s uqïndhs l¾udka; ;Sr Ndrh fuu jHdmD;s ixj¾Okh i|yd noaO jHdmdrhla msysgqjd ;sfí' tys,d m%dka; rch ishhg 51 l fldgia ;nd .kq we;s w;r b;sßh È,a,s uqïndhs l¾udka; ;Srh úiska r|jd .kq we;' uydrdIag%fha iQpl Woa§ma;hka ;=<g m%dka; foaYSh ksIamdÈ;h( we¡ fvd,¾ ì,shk 74 la ¦ wmkhk( fvd,¾ ì,shk 44 la ^bkaÈhdkq wmkhkj,ska ishhg 45 la& ¦ l¾udka; wxYh( l¾udka; wxYfha uq¿ Y=oaO w.h tl;=fjka ishhg 19 la ¦ idudkH jd¾Isl wd¾Ól j¾Okh( miq.sh wjqreÿ ;=fka§ ishhg 9'3 la iy rg ;=< by<u úfoaYSh Rcq wdfhdack wkque;Ska we;=,;a fõ' m%dka;h uQ,sl uQ,H uOHia:dkh o m%Odk fmf<a jd‚c uOHia:dkhla o fõ' f;dr;=re ;dlaIK$f;dr;=re ;dlaIK in,lrK fiajd" nexl=lrKh" iy uQ,H fiajd wxYj,

jHdmD;sj, úYd, wdfhdack wjia:d msßkuhs' tfukau fudag¾ hdka;%sl" mdßfNda.sl NdKav iy f;dr;=re ;dlaIK wxYj,g wdfhdack wdl¾IKh lr .ekSug wfmalaId lrhs'

j¾Okh m%dka;fha ;D;Shsl wxYfha fldgi jeä lrkq we;ehs wfmalaId flf¾' uydrdIag%h ;=< uydrdIag% l¾udka; ixj¾Ok ixia:dj u.ska 226 la ;rï l%shd;aul l¾udka; lafIa;% ilia lrkq ,en ;sfí' wd¾Ólfha ke.S tk l¾udka; wxY jkafka" bxðfkare" wdydr ieliSu" fudag¾ hdka;%sl$fudag¾ r: fldgia" iï" ridhk yd T!IOfõoh hk wxYhs'

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y¾hdkd y¾hdkdjg cd;sl w.k.r l,dmfha msysàfï jdisodhlh we;' cd;sl w.k.r l,dmh lemSfmfkk fj<| iy mdßfNdack uOHia:dkhls' È,a,s uqïndhs l¾udka; ;Srh hgf;a ie,iqï lrk ,o uQ,sldrïNhka fuys§ l¾udka; l%shdldrlï W;afma%rKh lrkq we;ehs iy uOHu yd È.= ld,fha§ ksIamdok wxYh fj; >d;Sh fm<Uùula fokq we;ehs o úYd, fiajdkshqla;s wjia:d ckkh lrkq we;ehs iy wdfhdack wdl¾IKh lr .kq we;ehs o wfmalaId flf¾' m<uq wÈhr ;=<§" ufkaid¾ ndjd,a wdfhdack l,dmh ixj¾Okh i|yd fhdojd .kakd ,§' ufkaid¾ ndjd,a wdfhdack l,dmh j¾. lsf,daóg¾ 800 la mqrd úyso mj;sk w;r thska j¾. lsf,daóg¾ 402 la wdrïNl jYfhka ixj¾Okh flfrñka mj;S' yß; lafIa;% taldnoaO kd.ßl;ajhla ufkaid¾ ndjd,a wdfhdack l,dmh we;=,; wdo¾Y wkd.; k.rhla f,i ie,iqï lr we;' 30 wjqreoaola mqrd" fldaá 2'5 l ksIamdÈ;hla ckkh flfrkq we;ehs wfmalaIs;h' ñ,shk 1'6 l fiajdkshqla;s wjia:d ckkh lrk w;r;=f¾ th isÿ lrkq we;'

È,a,s jHdmdr iy wdfhdack i|yd jvd;au jeo.;a msysgqï j,ska tlla jk" È,a,sfha cd;sl kd.ßl l,dmh fkdhsvd" .=¾.dfjdka" *ßodndoa iy .dishd ndoa iy uQ,sl jd‚c uOHia:dkh hs' j¾;udk ñ, hgf;a m%dka;fha o< m%dka; foaYSh ksIamdÈ;h 2002-2003 ld,fha§ fvd,¾ ì,shk 15'9 isg 2003-2004 g wod<j fvd,¾ ì,shk 17'8 olajd by< .sfhah' th ishhg 12'1 l j¾Ok jd¾;djls' iQpl Woa§ma;hkag we;=,;a jkafka( m%dka; foaYSh ksIamdÈ;h ( 2004 § fvd,¾ ì,shk 17'8¦ fiajd wxYh u.ska fufyhjk fõ.j;a j¾OkSh wd¾Ólhla¦ bkaÈhdfõ fofjkqjg jvd;au WmldÍ úfoaYSh Rcq wdfhdack .ukdka;h¦ mdßfNda.sl NdKav iy fudag¾ ld¾ i|yd úYd,;u mdßfNdack uOHia:dkh¦ —iqmsß fmdfydi;a— iy — fmdfydi;a— l=gqïNhkaf.a by<;u tald.%;dj iy wdl¾IŒh ixprl .ukdka;hka' È,a,sh m%dka; foaYSh ksIamdÈ;hg ishhg 77 lska odhl jk fiajd wxYhla iu.ska jvd;au Wiia wd¾Ólhka w;r miqfjhs'

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wvq úhoï ksjdi" wOHdmk iy fi!LH uOHia:dkh" iy taldnoaO nyq-wdlD;s u.S uOHia:dkh" mdßißl kd.ßlh" kejqï j;=r .nvdj" iy ufkaid¾ ndjd,a wdfhdack l,dmh we;=,; iïfma%IK jHdmD;s i|yd mQ¾j YlH;d wOHhk oeka flfrñka mj;S' Woa§ma;hg rfÜ isõjkqjg jeäu m%d.aOk remsh,la i|yd wdodhu we;=,;a fõ' fudag¾ hdka;%sl iy fudag¾ hdka;%sl ixrpl iy f;jeks úYd,;u uDÿldx. wmkhklre o fõ'


W;a;¾ m%foaYa

m;a ù we;' W;a;¾ m%foaYa f;dr;=re ;dlaIK ifudaOdks; foaYSh ksIamdÈ;fha ishhg 10 iud.ï i|yd uOHia:dkh f,i ke.S wd w;r lg jeä fldgila Wreu lr.;a ia:dkhla uDÿldx. wmkhkfhka isõjeks ia:dkhg m%dka;hg ysñ fõ' W;a;¾ m%foaYa È,a,s m;aúh' nyqcd;sl iud.ï lsysmhlau Tjqkf.a uqïndhs l¾udka; ;Srfha m%Odk m%;s,dNshd myiqlï cd;sl w.k.rhg iómfhka msysá jkq we;af;a th kef.kysr iy ngysr fkdhsvd l¾udka; m%foaYh ;=< ia:dmkh lrkq ;Srhkaf.a yuqùï ,laIHh jk ksidfjks' ,en we;' uq¿ wdfhdackh fvd,¾ ì,shk 14'4 la tys uq¿ lDIs ksIamdokh iS; muK jk w;r há;, myiqlïj, oduhkag wEf`okqq we;s w;r odøs wdfhdackh fvd,¾ ì,shk 11'45 taldnoaO ys§ ngysr ;Srh u; megfjkq la ixia:dmkh lrhs' W;a;¾ m%foaYa l¾udka; we;' tksid jd¾;d.; ld,fha§ fndfyda wka;¾cd;sl —l%Svlhka— kd.ßl;ajh —oekqu lDIs ksIamdokhka jrdhka wdl¾IKh lrf.k ;sfí' wêfõ.S mokï lr.;a lrd <Õd ùu in, flfrkq ud¾." ia:djr n,Yla;s msßh;" mdßißl moaO;sh— la we;' ngysr iy kef.kysr wka;¾cd;sl .=jka f;dgqm<" úh<s ks¾udKh lsÍfï ;Srhkaf.a iuia; .eàu iy jrdh myiqlï" iy úfkdaodiajdo uQ,sl mrud¾:fhka fylaghdr ixj¾Okh fjñka mj;sk kj iy ixpdrl há;, myiqlï 302 l m%foaYhla l¾udka; k.r tlaj ,laI 30 ixj¾Okh wd§ há;, myiqlï flf¾ ie,iqï la /lshd ks¾udKh lrkq we;' taldnoaO lsÍu i|yd jQ fm!oa.,sl lr we; fldaá,laI 24 lska m%dka;fha wxYfha wdfhdack i|yd mq¿,a l¾udka; ksIamdokh jeäÈhqKq wjia:djka msßkuhs' flfrkq we;' fuu wdfhdack l,dmfha oelau yqrenqyqá" kv;a;= l< yels" iy ukdj iïnkaê; há;, myiqlï u; Èfjk l¾udka; kd.ßlhla ixj¾Okh lsÍuhs' taldnoaO l¾udka; kd.ßl;ajh fylaghdr 302 l N+ñ m%udKhla u; ie,iqï lr we;s w;r —oekqu mokï lr.;a mdßißl moaO;sh— la ks¾udKh lsÍfï uQ,sl mrud¾:fhka kjHlrKh iy wd¾Ól ixj¾Okh lrd fufyhjkakd jQ l¾udka; iu.ska taldnoaOj hk f,i ie,iqï flÍ we;' jHdmD;sh úiska 58000 la muK fiajlhkag fiajdkshqla;s wjia:d imhkq we;' iyfhda.h iy kjHlrKh i|yd lemùï lrñka kj jHdmdr Èßu;a lsÍu tu.ska lrkq we;' W;a;¾ m%foaYa i;=j iSks" lmq frÈ" iy úúOdx.SlrKh lrk ,o wdydr ilia lsÍï j, ie,lsh hq;= wdfhdack wdl¾IKhka <Õd lr .ekSï ;sfí' 2003-2004 ld,fha§ isfuka;s ksIamdokfha ishhg 42 l j¾Okhla w;alr .ekSug m%dka;h iu;a úh' 13645 la jk l¾udka; iu.ska" W;a;¾ m%foaYa uq¿ l¾udka; ixLHdfõ uqÿka p;=Ia:lh ;=< jecöug mska lr ;sfí' úoHq;a NdKav" iï" frÈms<s" iy L‚c mokï lr.;a l¾udka; l¾udka; wdfhdackhkaf.a fmdfrdkaÿ mßÈ jk j¾Okhla fmkajd ;sfí' fiajd wxYh fuys uQ,sl ke.S tk wxYh njg

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weia;fïka;=.; ixj¾Ok m%;sM,hka

ck;djg fiajdkshqla;s wjia:d i,id fohs' È,a,s uqïndhs l¾udka; ;Sr n,mEï l,dmh ;=< jeäjQ jHdmD;s idrdxYh u.ska jHdmD;s n,mEï l,dmh lDIsld¾ñl$f.dú l%shdldrlï iu. wfkl=;a wka;¾cd;sl m%ñ;hkag wkql+, wdo¾Y l¾udka; m%;s,dNSka o jkq we;' ;jo fiajdkshqla;s wjia:d ;Srhla f,i ixj¾Okh ksIamdok iy fiajd ckkfha noaO .eàuo tys jkq we;' È,a,s uqïndhs mokï j, úysÿùul wjOdrKh l¾udka; ;Sr jHdmD;sh úúO l¾udka; iys;j f.da,Sh ksIamdok iy fj<| l%shdldrlïj, fufyhqu yd l%shd;aul jrdh$jrdhg ióm uOHia:dkh f,i È,a,s uqïndhs lsÍu iy ud¾." ÿïßh ud¾." .=jka ìï fmfoia iy l¾udka; ;Srh ixj¾Okh lsÍu f;dgqm<" jrdh yd nvq yeisrùu" há;, fhdað; lemjQ nvq wfmalaId lrhs' myiqlï iy taldnoaO kd.ßl;ajh" jeks m%jdyk ;Srh w;r wkql+,j hñka" È,a,s uqïndhs há;, myiqlï j¾Okh jk fhda.H iïnkaO l¾udka; ;Sr jHdmD;sfha b,lal w;r wfmalaIs; myiqlïj, bÈlsÍï" úh yelshdj È,a,s j,g we;=,;a jkafka fiajdkshqla;s fufyhqï iy kv;a;= iïnkaê; uqïndhs l¾udka; YlH;djhka fo.=K lsÍu" l¾udka; .Kkla fkdue;s fiajdkshqla;s ;Sr jHdmD;sfha m%;sM,h f;.=K lsÍu" iy l,dmh wjia:d jkq we;' fuu.ska l%shd;aul id¾:l l%shd;aul lsÍu flf¾ fj;ska jk wmkhk isõ.=K lsÍu lsÍfï$fufyhùfï yd kv;a;= wúêj, w;HjYH fõ wdÈhhs - ish,a, jir myl§h' /lshd wjia:d ñ,shk 10 la ckkh È,a,s uqïndhs l¾udka; ;Srh lsÍug yelshdj ;sfí' m%dfoaYSh jd‚cHh il%ShlrKh lsÍug mßirh in, lrñka ixj¾Okh lsÍu" úfoaYSh Rcq wdfhdack f,dal uÜgfï l¾udka; iu.ska f.da,Sh wdfhdack úfoaYh S Rcq wdfhdackj, m%jK;d úYaf,aIKh m%j¾Okh lsÍu" fN!;sl yd iudc há;, myiqlï olajk wkaoug È,a,s uqïndhs l¾udka; ;Sr m%dka; j¾Okh lsÍu lrd fufyhjhs' È,a,s uqïndhs u.ska rg ;=,g úfoaYh S Rcq wdfhdack iuia;h l¾udka; ;Srh ixj¾Okh lsÍu weia;fïka;= lr w;=ßka ishhg 52 la f.ke;a fohs' uqïndhs iy È,a,s we;s w;r ksIamdok$ieliqï l¾udka;j, ishhg tlaj úfoaYh S Rcq wdfhdack fldgia .,d taï j,ska 67 lg jeäfhka isák ñ,shk ;=kla muK jk ishhg 92 la ixia:dmkh lrk w;r tu m%dka;

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jvd hym;a há;, myiqlï i|yd jHdmD;s n,mEï m%dka; flf¾ ia;; = h s m< lrhs' wkql, + j hñka" È,a,s uqïndhs l¾udka; ;Srh i|yd jk oelau u.ska —NjH kuq;a W!K ixj¾ê;— l,dm y÷kd .ekSug wfmalI a d lrhs' ;jo kd.ßl m%foaYj,ska wE;aj flfrk wdfhdack i|yd b,lal.; m%foaY Tijd ,Sfï myiqlï iemhSu ms‚i f,dal uÜgfï há;, myiqlï iemhSu l¾udka; ;Sr iu.ska tk ;j;a jdishls'

ÿïßh cd,h

ud¾. cd,h

lemjQ nvq m%jdyk ;Srh

È,a,s uqïndhs l¾udka; ;Srh ;=< jHdmD;s n,mEï l,dm j, mj;sk" flÍf.k hk$fhdað; ud¾. ixj¾Ok jHdmD;s j, f,aLkh È,a,s uqïndhs l¾udka; ;Sr m%dka;j, ud¾. cd, ixj¾Ok me;slv iudf,dapkh¦ bka§h rcfha cd;sl uydud¾. ixj¾Ok jHdmD;sfha úúO wÈhrj,§ y÷kd.kakd ,o jHdmD;s iudf,dapkh¦ iy wod< È,a,s uqïndhs l¾udka; ;Sr m%dka; j, mj;sk ud¾. ixj¾Ok ie,iqï iudf,dapkh u; b,lal .; ù we;' cd;sl uydud¾. ixj¾Ok jHdmD;s iïnkaO isoê a fha§" rka p;=¾ md¾Yaj ;Srh" kef.kysr-ngysr ;Srh" jrdh yd iïnkaO úh yelshdj" iy n,mEï m%foaYh ;=< fjk;a fmdaIl cd;sl uydud¾. ine÷ïj, ixj¾Okh hgf;a wfmalI a ; s uydud¾. ixj¾Ok jHdmD;s i|yd iudf,dapkh lrkq ,en we;'

jvd;a jeo.;a l%shd;aul ùug wdikak ixj¾Okh ÿïßh wud;HdxYfha lemjQ nvq m%jdyk ;Sr folla f.dv ke.Sug we;s fhdackdjhs' ta bkaÈhdkq ÿïßh moaO;sfha rka p;=¾ md¾Yajfha mdo jk È,a,s-uqïndhs iy È,a,s-fld,algd ud¾.hs' jeä fõ.j;a njla imhñka ^melsó 100& iy by< tla ÿïßhlg Odß;dj" by< wlaISh Ndrh ^wlaIhlg fgdka 25& wkqj ngysr lemjQ nvq m%jdyk ;Srh È,a,s uqïndhs l¾udka; ;Srh fj;g ldrKduh jYfhka wod< jkq we;'

jrdh$jrdhg ióm ìï fmfoia iy fhdað; lemjQ nvq m%jdyk ;Srh w;r fhda.H iïnkaO úh yelshdj jHdmD;sfha id¾:l l%shd;aul lsÍu flf¾ w;HjYH fõ' tksid" ÿïßh cd,hg iudf,dapkhla wjeish - ÿïßh cd,fha ;jÿrg;a ixj¾Okhka i|yd mj;akd ÿïßh cd,h u; iudf,dapkh iy l%shd;aul fjñka mj;sk ie,iqïj, iudf,dapkh óg we;=,;ah''

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m%jK;dj

tla tla md¾,sfïka;= ue;sjrK n,m%foaYfha Pkao ysñ kduf,aLkh jd¾Islj iudf,dapkh lrkq ,nhs

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ñ,shk 814 la Pkaoodhlhka" Pkao uOHia:dk 930"000 la iy úoHq;a

Pkao i,l=Kq hka;% ñ,shk 1'19 la 2014 uy ue;sjrKh f,dj úYd,;u udkùh l<ukdldß; biõj f,i ye¢kaúh yels fõ joka fm< ( tia jhs fldrdhsIs

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lrd hdfï§ wd;au úYajdih iy myiqj w;aú¢;s' bka§h ue;sjrK fldñifï j.lSu jkafka ksoyia" idOdrK" úksúo fmfkk iq¿ iy iduldó ue;sjrK mj;ajñka we;=<;a lr .ekSfï .=Kh iy iyNd.s;ajh iy;sl lsÍuhs' ;%ia;jdoh" ikakoaO;dj" jdudxYsl wka;.dó;ajh" l=,h iy m%cd úoHd;aul wd;;Ska hkq M,odhS f,i wduka;%Khg ,la úh hq;=j mj;sk m%Yak fõ' ue;sjrKj, ld¾hlaIu;d l<ukdlrKh iy;sl lsÍfï wNsm%dfhka ue;sjrK fldñiu úiska ish¨‍u wdldrfha ;dlaIKfõohka Ndú; lrkq ,nhs' uq¿ukskau mß.Kl.; Pkao má iy úoHq;a ud¾..;j Pkao odhlhka ,shdmÈxÑ lsÍu iEu bkaÈhdkq jeäysáfhl=gu bkaÈhdkq mqrjeisfhl=ùfï§ uy;a WmldÍ ù we;' N+f.da,Sh f;dr;=re moaO;sh Pkao uOHia:dk ia:dk.; lsÍfï § WmldÍ fjhs' ta w;r ñysu; uxfiùfï moaO;sh foaYmd,k mlaIj, jHdmdr iy wdrlaIl yuqod ¨‍yqne£fï§ in,;dj ia:dmkhg WmldÍ ù ;sfí' jvd;au ie,lsh hq;= ;dlaI‚l wdrïNlh jkafka" flfiafj;;a" úoHq;a Pkao i,l=Kq lsÍfï hka;%hhs' th rgj,a lsysmhla úiska muKla wod, lr.ekSfï ffO¾hh fmkajk ,o idOlhls' wms fï ir, ;dlaI‚lh tfy;a flaj,rEmS" cd, .; fkdjqKq hka;% ue;sjrK m%;sM,h flfrys n,mj;ajk ishqï jQ lD;%su wd.Kk yelshdjkag tfrysj wdrlaIKh jYfhka mfriaiñka Ndú; lrkafkuq' bka§h ue;sjrK fldñiu th bka§hdkq m%cd;ka;%jdofha úiaul=re hka;%h jYfhka i<lhs' uydêlrKh mjd th y÷kajk ,oafoa bkaÈhdfõ wdvïnrh jYfhks' uE;ld,Sk y÷kajd§ula jk Pkaoodhlhkaf.a i;Hdmkh l< yels lvodis ú.Kk úNd.h iu.ska úksúo fmfkk iq¿ nj ;jÿrg;a jeä ÈhqKq ù we;' ish¨‍u wfmalaIlhka i|yd uÜgï l%shdldÍ lafIa;%hla ne.ska ;yjqre lsÍu m%Odk ie<ls,a,ls' md,l mlaIh i;=j ish¨‍u iïm;a ish úOdkfha mej;Su widOdrK jdisodhlhla ,nd fohs' tuksid" bka§h ue;sjrK fldñiu th WodiSk lrjkq jia ue;sjrKh ksfõokh lrkq ,enQ Èkfha isgu l%shd lrhs' fuh bkaÈhdkq foaYmd,k mlaI ;=<skau úldYkh jQ iafõÉP ix.%yhla jk wdo¾Y mej;=ï ix.%yh ud¾.fhka lrkq ,efnhs' jHjia:dms; miqìula rys; ùfï wjdish fkdi<ld yßñka thg we;s wkql+,;dj w;s uy;ah' Pkao l=á .%yKh iy foayOdÍka úiska Pkaoodhlhd ìhjeoa§u oeka b;sydihg tla ù we;s w;r uyck u;h tlu iodpdr ne£u jkafkah' m%cd;ka;%jdofha id¾:l;ajhg iQplh jkafka iyNd.s;ajhhs' my< m%ldYs; Pkao ixLHdj iy my< Pkaoodhl m%ldYs;h iu.ska ch.%yKh lrkakdf.a ch m%Yak.; jk wjia:d olakg ,efí' tuksid" m%cd;ka;%jdoh ieneúkau we;=,;a ùfï .=Kfhka mQ¾K jkq ms‚i" nyq udOH m%pdrK" úfYaIfhkau ;reK fldgia iy kd.ßl Pkaoodhl wfÉ;ksl .;sh wduka;%Kh lsÍï jia Pkaoodhlhd fj; msúiSu ,nd .ekSug bka§h ue;sjrK fldñiu u.ska úêl%u.; Pkaoodhl wOHdmkh iy ue;sjrK iyNd.s;ajh wxYh ia:dmkh lrkq ,en we;' iEu m%dka; ue;sjrKhlgu mQ¾jfhka Pkaoodhlhdf.a oekqu" wdl,am" p¾hdj iy mßph ms<sn| iólaIKhla meje;afjk w;r th Pkaoodhl wjOdkh ms<sn|


jvd;au ie,lsh hq;= ;dlaI‚l wdrïNlh jkafka th rgj,a lsysmhla úiska muKla wod, lr .kq ,enQ úoHq;a Pkao i,l=Kq lsÍfï hka;%hhs'

jev igyka Èh;a lsÍug fmrd;=j isÿflf¾' ,o w;r th cd;sl yd cd;Hka;r iyNd.slhka i|yd fï uQ,sldrïNh ms<sl=,a iy.; ,shdmÈxÑh iy mqyqKq yd iïm;a uOHia:dkhla f,i fiajh lrhs' tys isú,a iudch iy udOH m%dka; ue;sjrK iu.ska ìysùfuka miq ;=ka wjqreÿ ld,h ;=<§" wdh;kh úiska yjq,aldÍ;ajfha§ ieufohlau ;=< m%ldYs;h kï oDYaÀ rgj,a 40 lg jeä .Kkl ue;sjrK l<ukdlrejka" fldaKj,ska n,k l, ixisoaêuh .egqula ks¾udKh by,skau" i;H jYfhkau" oyia .Kkla foaYSh lr we;' úfYaI{ mqyqKqlrejka .Kkla fjkqfjka mqyqKqj fï ixo¾Nh ;=< tla ft;sydisl fnod § ;sfí' bka§h ue;sjrK fldñiu j¾Okhla jkafka 2011 isg flfrk Yla;sfhka Yla;shg <Õd fj;a§" iuyr ckjdß 25-cd;sl Pkaoodhl Èk fydr ie<ls,s ;ju;a wmg .eg¿ u;= bka§h m%ldYkhhs' wNsm%dh jkafka Pkaoodhlhka lrhs' m%uqL;dj jkafka ue;sjrKj,§ ue;sjrK ,shdmÈxÑh" úfYaIfhkau w¿;ska iqÿiqlï l¿ uqo,aj, ld¾h Ndrhhs' th uÜgï fldñiu úiska ,nk wh" ,shdmÈxÑh jeä lsÍuhs' l%shdldÍ lafIa;% wjq,a lr ouk w;r ue;sjrK isõjk Pkaoodhl Èkh jk úg" w;sf¾l ksoyia yd idOdrK ue;sjrK ¥IH lrkq l%shdoduh Pkaoodhl ixLHdj ñ,shk 100 lvbu ,nhs' idmrdë jd¾;d iu.ska bÈßm;a msßiqÿ lsÍfï blaujkq ,en ;sì‚' wfkl=;a fndfyda jk wfmalaIl ixLHdfõ jeäùu o b,lalfhka rgj,a fï wdlD;sh wod, lr .ekSug lK.dgqodhlh' m%;sixialrK ßiai m< fldg we;' bka§h ue;sjrK fldñiu úiska fhdackd bkaÈhdkq ue;sjrK iïnkaO ue;sjrK l%shdoduh msßiqÿ lsÍfï lsysmhla id¾:l;ajfha l;d mqj; f,dalh mqrd b,lalfhka m%;sixialrK fhdackd fhdackd ke.S tk m%cd;ka;%hka fufyhjñka lsysmhla fhdackd lr we;s neúka lr we; bka§h ue;sjrK fldñifï fy,sorõ hy md,kh iy ¥IKfhka f;dr lsÍï yuqfõ oekqu" l=i,;dj" iy foaYmd,khla i|yd mokula oeñh m%d.=KHh fiùu;a yjqf,a mßyrKh lsÍu;a flf¾ yels fõ' fuhska iuyrla fhdackd foaYmd,kfha kdhl;ajh imhd we;' jeäjk f.da,Sh b,a¨‍ug idmrdOlrKh" m%pdrK uQ,Hkh kS;s.;lrKh" m%;spdr olajkq jia" úfYaIfhkau wm%sldkq-wdishdkq iy iy foaYmd,k mlaI we;=,; m%cd;ka;%jdoh iu.ska fmdÿrdcH uKav,Sh rgj,a iïnkaOfhka" fldñiu .kqfokq lrhs' fï m%;sixialrK l%shd;aul lrkq ,enQ u.ska m%cd;ka;%jdoh iy ue;sjrK l<ukdlrKh jydu" f,dalfha úYd,;u m%cd;ka;%jdoh úYsIag;djfha ms<sn| bka§h cd;Hka;r wdh;kh ia:dmkh lrk ys‚fm;a; lrd ;j;a mshjrlska <Õd jQjd jkq we;' TWITTER #@DrSYQuraishi u;§ wdpd¾h tia jhs fldrdhsIs yd wkq.dó jkak

l;=jrhd ysgmq m%Odk bka§h ue;sjrK flduidßiajrhdh

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ue;sjrK meje;afjkafka ljr úgl§o@ Ÿ iEu mia jirlg jrlau" fyda md¾,sfïka;=j l<ska úiqrejd yeßh úgl§' Ÿ f,dala iNdj úiqrejd yeÍu ksidfjka ckdêm;sjrhd úiska l<ska ue;sjrKhla le|ùu isÿjkafka" rchg uka;%Sjreka nyq;rhlf.a úYajdih wysñ jQ úgl§" iy rch f.k hdu ms‚i fjk;a úl,amhla fkdue;s úgl§' Ÿ 2014 ue;sjrKh 16 jeks ue;sjrKh jkq we;' m<uq uy ue;sjrKh meje;ajQfha 1951-1952 §h'

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wfmalaIlfhda ;rÕ l< yelafla ldgo@ Ÿ Pkaoodhlfhl= f,i ,shdmÈxÑ ù isák jhi 25 blaujQ ljr fyda bkaÈhdkq mqrjeisfhl=' Ÿ mlaIhl wfmalaIlfhl= f,i fyda iajdëkj ;rÕ jÈk wfhl= f,i' Ÿ iEu wfmalaIlfhl=u iq/l=ï ;ekam;=jla ;eîu wjYH fõ' Ÿ fmdÿ wfmalaIlfhl=g ;ekam;=j 25000 la jk w;r Wmf,aLk.; l=, yd Wmf,aLk.; f.da;% wfmalaIlhka i|yd 12500 ls' Ÿ wfmalaIlhka úiska ;u j;alï" j.lSï" wmrdO miqìu iy wOHdmk iqÿiqlï f.dkql< hq;=h'

ue;sjrK iyNd.s;ajh Pkaoysñ kduf,aLk Ÿ tla tla wdikfha ,shdmÈxÑ Pkaoysñhkaf.a ,ehsia;=j' Ÿ jd¾Islj ixfYdaOkh flf¾' Ÿ ish¨‍u kduf,aLk mß.Kl.; lr we;$tla tla Pkao ysñhdf.a PdhdrEmhla we;=,;ah' EPIC Ÿ Pkao ysñhdf.a PdhdrEm wkkH;d m;%h Ÿ tla tla ;ks Pkaoysñhdg ,shdmÈxÑfha§ iemfha' Ÿ .dia;= rys; fiajhls' SVEEP Ÿ úêñ;a Pkaoysñhka oekqj;a lsÍu yd ue;sjrK iyNd.s;ajh Ÿ ue;sjrK iyNd.s;ajh ÈhqKq lsÍug yd iyNd.s;aj m%cd;ka;%jd§ ixialD;shla f.dv ke.Sug Ÿ bkaÈhdfõ ue;sjrK l<ukdlrKfha taldnoaO fldgils

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;;=f.dkqj ue;sjrK l<ukdlrKh

úoHq;a Pkao i,l=Kq hka;% Ÿ ryia Pkaoh i,l=Kq lsÍu Ÿ 2004 uy ue;sjrKfha isg wkkHj Ndú; flf¾ Pkao uOHia:dk Ÿ idudkHfhka fmdÿ wdh;kj, ia:dk.; flf¾' Ÿ iEu Pkaoodhlfhl=f.au ksjfia isg lsó 2 la we;=,; ÿrlska' Ÿ Pkaoodhlhka 1500 l Wmßuhlg tla Pkao uOHia:dkhla' ;eme,a Pkao Ÿ ksYaÑ; lKavdhïj, Pkaoodhlfhda ;eme,a u.ska Pkaoh mdúÉÑ lsÍug whs;sh ,en ;sfí' Ÿ ue;sjrK ld¾h uKav,h" fiajd uKav, iy fjk;a ksYaÑ; wh' m%;shqla; Pkaoh Ÿ m%;shqla; whs;shla Ndú; lrñka Pkaoh oeófï úl,amhla fyda ;eme,a Pkaoh Ndú; lsÍu yuqod wxYj, fiajd Pkaoysñhka i|yd whÿï l< yelsh' yuqod mk; wod< jk ljr fyda n,ldhl idudðlfhl=g fï i|yd whÿï lsÍug mq¿jk' Pkaoh .Kka lsÍu Ÿ Pkao úuiSfï ish¨‍ wÈhr wjika jQ miqj isÿ flf¾' Ÿ f;aÍï Ndr ks,OdÍkaf.a iy ue;sjrK ksÍlaIlhkaf.a iqmÍlaIKh hgf;a' Ÿ wdik 543 i|ydu Pkao .Kkh tlu Èkl§ isÿ flf¾' Ÿ meh lsysmhl§ m%;sM, ksl=;a flrkq we;'

f,dalfha úYd,;u m%cd;ka;%jd§ wNHdih 2009 ue;sjrK Ÿ wfmalaIlhka 8070 la Ÿ ,shdmÈxÑ foaYmd,k mlaI 363 la Ÿ ue;sjrK rdcldÍ j, kshef,k ñ,shk 10 l .Khla ^fmd,sia ks,OdÍka o we;=¨‍j& Ÿ Pkao uOHia:dk 834919 la Ÿ ,shdmÈxÑ Pkaoodhlhka ñ,shk 717 la Ÿ ksÍlaIlhka 2046 la Ÿ laIqø ksÍlaIlhka 139284 la Ÿ 4690575 l ue;sjrK ld¾h uKav,hla

2009 uy ue;sjrKfha is;a n|k lreKq Ÿ by<skau msysá Pkao uOHia:dkh( Tf,amqhska f,aya ^óg¾ 15300& Ÿ tla Pkao wfmalaIlfhla ,enQ jeäu Pkao ixLHdj( 832224 Ÿ tla Pkao wfmalaIlfhla ,enQ wvqu Pkao ixLHdj( 118 Ÿ tla wdikhla i|yd ;rÕ l< Wmßu wfmalaIl ixLHdj( 43 Ÿ tla wdikhla i|yd ;rÕ l< wju wfmalaIl ixLHdj( 3 Ÿ tla wdikhl jd¾;d.; Wmßu Pkao Ndú;h( 90'32] Ÿ tla wdikhl jd¾;d.; wju Pkao Ndú;h( 25'55] Ÿ úYd,;u wdikh ^N+ñh wkqj&( ,dvdla ^cïuq yd ldYaó¾& -j¾. lsf,daóg¾ 173266'37 Ÿ l=vd;u wdikh ^N+ñh wkqj&( pdkaÈkS fpdala ^È,a,s& -j¾. lsf,daóg¾ 10'59 Ÿ úYd,;u wdikh ^Pkaoodhl .yKh wkqj&( msg; È,a,sh ^È,a,s cd;sl w.k.r l,dmh& - 3103525 la Pkaoysñhka Ÿ l=vd;u wdikh ^Pkaoodhl .yKh wkqj&( ,laIoaùma -37619 la Pkaoysñhka Ÿ .=crdgfha .S¾ jkdka;rfha cQkd.doa Èia;%slalfha § tla Pkao ysñfhl= fjkqfjka Pkao uOHia:dkhla msysgqjk ,§

2014 ue;sjrK Ÿ Pkao uOHia:dk 919452 la Ÿ ue;sjrK Èk kjhla Ÿ úoHq;a Pkao i,l=Kq hka;% tall 908643 la Ÿ Pkao tall 1183543 la Ÿ ùäfhda Ys,amSka 74729 la Ÿ äðg,a leurd 40599 la Ÿ uOHu rcfha ue;sjrK úhou ñ,shk 8466 la Ÿ .Kka lsÍfï uOHia:dk 1080 la Ÿ wÈhr myla Ÿ uila mqrd úysfoa Ÿ ,shdmÈxÑ Pkaoysñhka ñ,shk 814 la

uQ,dY%h( bkaÈhdkq ue;sjrK fldñiu

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m%jK;dj

ue;sjrK

jHjidh

bkaÈhdj ish b;sydifha úYd,;u ue;sjrKh ms<sn| idlaIs oroa§" ixpdrl wdl¾IKhka foaYmd,k /iaùï iy wfmalaIl wka;¾ l%shdldÍ;ajhka ixfhda. lsÍu u.ska úfoaY ixpdrlhka wdl¾IKh lr .ekSug ixpdr ixúOdhlfhda ue;sjrK meflac bÈßm;a lrñka isá;s joka fm< ( m,a,dú ;dl+¾ fndaia

foaYmd,kh" rE isßh" wd.u" kdgH iy f;aci'''2014 bka§h uy ue;sjrKh fï oYlfha úYd,;u WorfmdaIlh ùug wr w§¡ kj ú,dis;d Wmk;Ska u;=fjñka mj;sk w;r foaYmd,k fj<| NdKav úúO;ajhla úia;rd;aulj lshefjñka ;sfí' wdï wdoaó fldiq j, isg kfuda ,l=K ork

fi,a ÿrl:k olajd" ue;sjrK iuh bkaÈhdkq m%cd;ka;%jdofha úYd,;u ieureu njg m;a fjñka ;sfí¡ flfiafj;;a" Pkao Wu;=j wf,úlrKh olajd .sh¾ ouk tla lafIa;%hla kï ixpdrl l¾udka;hhs' —uyd bkaÈhdkq ue;sjrKh— foi n,d isàug odrfha wiqka f.k isák f,dalh iu.ska" bkaÈhdkq

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m%jK;dj

ixpdr ixúOdhlhka ixpdrl wdl¾IKh ,nk hdh iy fndaÜgqj,ska Pkao fmÜá /f.k hk ue;sjrK meflac fmdfrdkaÿ foñka isà' rd;%S yhla ue;sjrK ks,OdÍka ne,Sug hdu úfYaI w;aoelSuls' iy Èk y;la jk tla mqoa.,fhl=g fvd,¾ 1200 2004 isg" ue;sjrK ixpdrl jHdmdrh y÷kajd iy 1800 w;r mrdihl úysfok whlsÍï iys; ÿka wjia:dfõ" fï foaYmd,k m%pdrK jHdmD;sj, meflac u.ska bkaÈhdfõ ixpdrl kjH ú,dihg idlaIs .ekaùu ms‚i wdl¾IKhka fj; msúiqï iu. úfoaYslhka lKavdhï lsysmhla u we§ flar,fha foaYmd,k mlaI l%shdldrlhka iu. wdy' bkaÈhdfõ ol=Kq È. fmfoiaj, w,mamqiayd wka;¾l%shd iy foaYmd,k /iaùïj,g foaYmd,k /iaùï" m;dl" mqjre m¾hka; iyNd.s ùï ixfhda. o fmdfrdkaÿ fõ' oekaùï iy foaYmd,k kdhlhkaf.a fmfofia§, WodyrKhla f,i" È,a,sfhdaO lgjqÜ fjkqfjka iqúi,a Tmamq m%pdrK w.%d-cdhsmQ¾ meflach hgf;a" lsÍulg idlaIs ork w;f¾" fndfyda jHdmD;slrKh ixpdrlfhl=g kj È,a,sfha úúO úfoaYslhkag iuia; ue;sjrKh hkq fjkia uÜgul mj;S. foaYmd,k wvú lrd msúiSugo foaYmd,k / Ôú; ld,hgu tla jrla muKla mlaIj, Oc iaùïj,g iydNd.s ùugo W;a;¾ ,efnk w;aoelSula fõ' j,ska ;s;a jegqKq m%foaYa ys w.%dfõ gdÊ uy,a" .=crdgfha§" tla ixpdrl fj,a hdh úYsIag rdcia:dkfha cdhsmQ¾ ys ydjd uy,a ixúOdhlfhl=f.a lKavdhu w;aoelSuls lrd msúi ikaOHdfõ úfkdao bka§h ue;sjrK fldñiu wu;d jk w;r;=r foaYmd,k mlaIj, Pkao uOHia:dkj,g msúiSug ksfhdað;hka iu. wka;¾ l%shd lrñka oji .; úfoaYslhkag jrï ,nd fok f,i wkque;sh m;d lsÍug o mq¿jk' isá kuqÿ wdrlaIl fya;= u; th m%;slafIam lrk flar,fha w,mamqiayd m¾hka; fmfofia§" ,§' fï jk úg" .=crdgfha iy È,a,sj, ixpdr m%pdrK jHdmD;slrKh fjkia uÜgul mj;S' ixúOdhljreka 30 l muK .Kkla iudc udOH foaYmd,k mlaIj, Oc j,ska ;s;a jegqKq fj,a fõÈld ;=<ska ;u m%;srEmh m%o¾Ykh lrñka

ixpdrlhkag rdcia:dkfha cdhsmQ¾ yS ydjd uy,a" iy flar,fha w,mamqiayd m¾hka; fmfoia jeks .ukdka; lrd msúish yels fõ

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úfoaYSh ixpdrlhka bkaÈhdj flf¾ weo .ekSug h;d¾:jd§ Ñ;%hla fohs' —wm%sfh,a j,ska wdrïN w;aje,a ne| .;s' i;H jYfhkau" iuyfrla" ù" bkaÈhdfõ ixpdrl wxYh wvqù hk Wmk;shla hqlaf¾kh" bkaÿkSishdj" ;dhs,ka;h" tlai;a jd¾;d lrhs' tuksid" ixpdrl jHdmdrh j¾Okh rdcOdksh" W.kavdj" m%xYh" b;d,sh iy lekvdj lsÍug wms fï meflac iu.ska W;aidyhla orkjd' jeks rgj,ska Okd;aul m%;spdrhla ,eî we;ehs th jvd;a m%shckl iy kejqï tlla lsÍug" wms mjid isá;s' —wms fï jHdmD;sh uQ,sl th ue;sjrK Wu;=j yd iïnkaO jYfhka wdrïN lf<a 2012 .=crdá lsÍug W;aidy lrñka isákjdæ ue;sjrKfhka" wmg Okd;aul meflach ,dNodhS jk neúka" fï jk úg, .=crdgfha iy m%;spdr ,enqKd' hqlaf¾kfhka iy ck;dj l=¿.ekaù fjka lr .ekSï È,a,sj, ixpdr c¾uksfhka ixpdrlhka 90 lg lrkjd' jeä yßhlau" th ue;sjrK ixúOdhljreka jeä .Kkla m%dka;hg imeñŒu ixpdrl jHdmdrh f,i ye¢kaùfuka 30 l muK wm ÈkQ fohhs' fuu jif¾§ tlai;a fjk;a udkhla Bg tlaù ;sfnkjd' .Kkla úfoaYSh rdcOdksfhka" c¾uksfhka iy tlai;a fï j;dfõ§ fkajdisl fkdjk ixpdrlhka wrdì tórfhka lKavdhï ;=kla bkaÈhdkqjka .Kkdjlau ue;sjrKh bkaÈhdj flf¾ meñŒu ;yjqre lr ;sfnkjd' fï flf¾ Wkkaÿj fmkajñka isákjd' weo .ekSug ixl,amh wkd.;fha§ úYd, biõjla mdial= ksjdvq iufha" Tjqka Pkaoh w;aje,a ne| .;s ùug hkjd"— .=crdgfha wyuodndoa oeóug meñfKkjd''˜ Tyq mjihs' yS wlaId¾ ixpdrlfhda ys ,dõ f,dafõYa I¾ud" cdhsmQ¾ ueßhÜ I¾ud mjihs' fydag,fha úl=Kqï yd wf,ú wOHlaIjrhd" fufia flfia fj;;a" fndfyda úuiqï È,a,s-w.%d-cdhsmQ¾ mjihs" —f,dalfha úYd,;u m%cd;ka;%jd§ rdcHh ixpdrh i|yd tald.% ù ;sfí' cdhsmQ¾ ys ia:dms; ue;sjrK mj;ajk wdldrh .ek oekqj;a ùug ixpdr fufyhqï ksfhdað;dh;khla jk" g%ej,a iy rg n,d .ekSug ck;djg wjia:djla ,nd§u flhd" l<ukdldr wOHlaI" wreka pjqoaß" jvd;a kjHlrKfha kj woyila fjkjd'—

rfÜ úúO fldgiaj, meje;afjk foaYmd,k /iaùïj,g ixpdrlhka /f.k hkq we;

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m%jK;dj

ck ZudOHZ

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16 jk uy ue;sjrKfha§ foaYmd,k mlaI iaud¾Ü ÿrl:kfhka ukd fia ikakoaO bkaÈhdj wduka;%Kh lrkq ms‚i fmdaiagrfha isg Z,o m‚jqvZ lrd;a .=jka úÿ,s uOHia:dkfha isg má.; lsÍfï ueÈß lrd;a jQ kjH ikaksfõok Wmdh ud¾. Ndú; lrñka isà joka fm< ( iquka;d rdf;da¾

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fuys oelafjkafka 2014 uy ue;sjrK m%pdrK uOHia:dkh" fï úhoï yUdhk hka;%Kh" u.ska jHdmD;s j, uQ,H ldrKd ms<sn| idOl iy ixLHd weia;fïka;= lrk wkaoug ue;sjrKhg bÈßm;a foi ne,auls' ueäika óähd úiska t<s olajk ù isák foaYmd,k{hka ;ukaf.a miqïì ì,shk ,o jd¾;djlg wkqj" fuu m%pdrK jHdmD;s .ek 300 l iduQysl úhoulska ieye,a¨‍ lr .ksñka n,d .kakd bkaÈhdkq fj<| m%pdrK ue;sjrK n, m%foaY lrd msúfikq wdh;k úiska fvd,¾ ñ,shk 800 la we;ehs lshefõ' 2009 ue;sjrKfha§ Wmhd .kq we;' fuhska ;=fkka tlla úhoï lrkq ue;sjrKfha uq¿ fuu ue;sjrKfha uq¿ m%pdrK ,enqjd muKla fkdj" foaYmd,k m%pdrK úhou úhou fvd,¾ ì,shk 5 la lrd ikaksfõokh mqjre oekaùï" ÿrl:k fvd,¾ ì,shk <Õd jkq we;ehs weia;fïka;= lrkq weu;=ï" /<s iy w;am;%sld j,g iSud 5 la jkq we;. 2012 ,en we;' fuh 2012 tlai;a ckmo ù ;snq‚' tlai;a ckmo ckdêm;sjrK m%pdrK jHdmD;shg ld,h fjkia ù ;sfí' f*aianqla ckdêm;sjrK muKla fojeks jk w;r tys§ i;=j fldaákjhl mßYS,lhka m%pdrK wfmalaIlhka" mlaI iy iydhl .Kkla o Üúg¾ i;=j fldaá ;=kl jHdmD;shg lKavdhï úiska fvd,¾ ì,shk .sKqï ixLHdjla o fï foaYfha wo muKla 7 la úhoï lrk ,§' ue;sjrK jk úg mj;sk ;;a;ajhhs' bkaÈhdkq fojeks fõ fldñiu úiska wfmalaIlfhl= wka;¾cd, yd cx.u ÿrl:k ix.uh i|yd m%pdrK úhou ñ,shk 7 lg iy uqïndhs kqjr whsßia fkdf,aÊ iSudlr ;snqKo foaYmd,lhka úiska th wjika *jqkafâIka u.ska 2013 wm%sfh,a ui m< l< lrkafka oy .=Khlska j;a by< úhoula lsÍfuka jd¾;djlg wkqj" 543 la jk ue;sjrK n,m%foaY miqjh' kj È,a,sfha udOH wOHhk i|yd jQ .Kkla w;ßka 160 l Pkaoodhlhka ;u Pkaoh

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m%jK;dj

Ndú; lrk wjia:dfõ§ f*ianqla ys idudkH u;h wkqj hñka n,mEug ,laù ;sfnkq we;'

iEu wdldrhlskau äðg,SlrKhg ,laj we; m%dfoaYSh m%jD;a;s m;% iemhqïlref.a isg f;a lvhl ysñlre olajd .yKfha iEu wfhlau hï wdldrhl äðg,a udOH u.ska oekqj;a ù we;' úfYaIfhkau 18 isg 25 olajd jhia ldKavj," Pkaoodhlfhda tkï" t<fUk f,dala iNd ue;sjrKfha§ nyq;rh idok msßi äðg,a wka;.dóka fj;s' foaYmd,lfhda .+.,a ma,ia lvms,a" f*aianqla u.ska ixúOdkh lrk rEmjdyskS iïuqL idlÉPd" iy f*aianqla iud.ug wh;a jÜiawema iaud¾Ü ÿrl:k m‚jqvlrK fhÿu Ndú; lrñka ñ,shk .Kkla jk ;dlaI‚lj oekqj;a kd.ßl Pkaoodhlhka iïnkaO lr .ekSug iyNd.s fj;s' l¾udka; m%ùKhkag wkqj" 2014 ue;sjrKj, äðg,a udOH úhou miq.sh jirg idfmalaIj 20 .=Khlska by< f.dia we;' fï ke.=u fldka.%ia iy Ndr;Sh ck;d mlaIh jeks ckm%sh mlaI yd foaYmd,lhka ksid muKla

Indian National Congress Facebook Likes: 2.7 million Twitter Handle: @INCIndia Twitter Followers: 165000

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fkdj t;rï m%lg fkdjQ mlaI iy wfmalaIlhka lr we;' ;jo tajd yqfolau fm< m‚jqv iy iSñ; ksidfjka o isÿ ù ;sfí' m%Odk fmf<a bkaÈhdkq weu;=ï fkdj" wiSñ; ld, weu;=ï iy Zu. yereKq jHdmdßl ffokslhl iïuqL idlÉPdjl §" .+.,a weu;=ïZ o jkafkah' Ndr;Sh ck;d mlaIh ZiÔj l;dZ bkaÈhd ys l¾udka; m%Odks f.!rõ lmQ¾ y÷kajd ÿka w;r" tajdhska Pkaoodhlhkag m%ldY lrk wkaoug iud.u úiska tys fudaäf.a m%sh;u /iaùï l;dj,g 2014 rdcH oekaùïlrK wdodhu 250-300] ijka§ug iy wdmiq mlaIh weu;Sug udOH m%udKhlska by< hdula wfmalaId lrhs' o yelsh' wdï wdoaó mlaIh mjd ;ukg jd¾;dj,g îfcamS yd fldka.%ia jeks mlaI oeka weu;Sug iy mlaIfha jev lghq;= wkqj, iEu Tjqkf.a ikaksfõok whjefhka 2-5] ms<sn|j ie<ls,a,la we;s lr .ekSug úYd, foaYmd,k la úfYaIfhkau äðg,a yd iudc udOH ck;djg bv ,nd fohs' mlaIhlau fldaá 15 lg iud.ï iu. mj;ajñka isà'

cx.u ÿrl:k m‚jqv

wdikak úhoula cx.u ÿrl:k ikaksfõokh, fm< m‚jqv iy weu;=ï u; orhs

fïjd jvd b,lal iy.; ù ;sfí¡uqïndhs kd.ßlfha ol=Kq fmfoig hjk m‚jqvh uqïndhs Wmk.r j, Pkao fldÜGdij,g hjk m‚jqvj,ska fjkia jkq we;' úfYaIs; ckúldYuh f.dkqj, Pkaoodhl p¾hdj iy Pkao Ndú; lsÍfï rgd wkqj m%pdrK jHdmD;s Wmdx.SlrKh ù we;' udOH jd¾;dj,g wkqj" iEu f,dl= mlaIhlau cx.u ÿrl:k ikaksfõokh u; fldaá 15 lg wdikak uqo,la úhoï

.=jkska tk foaYmd,l y~

.=jkaúÿ,sh ñ,shk .Kka ck;djg <Õd jk w;r ue;sjrK oekaùïj, w;sYh úiañ; m%;sM,hla w;a lr f.k isà' miq.sh È,a,s ue;sjrKfha§" ñ,shk 250 isg ñ,shk 500 olajd .=jkaúÿ,sh u; úhoï lrk ,§' wrúkaoa flÊßjd,a f.a kdhl;ajfhka hq;a wdï wdoaó mlaIh ish 20-30 ñ,shk oekaùï whjefhka 60] lau .=jkaúÿ,sh iy ÿrl:k weu;=ï u; fhoùu i|yd fjka lrkq ,eì‚'

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kfjda;amdok

f,djgu by,ska

jecfUk fhojqu

iEu úÿ,s ixfoaY ixj¾Olhl= úiskau w;a lr .ekSug Wkkaÿj olajk" bkaÈhdkq mdßfNda.sl m%cdjg fhda.H mßÈ ishqï f,i ilia lrk ,o fhojqï iu.ska cx.u fhojqï mqia;ld, jeä jeäfhka i;=áka b,amS hñka ;sfí joka fm< ( iquka;d rdf;da¾

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jÜiawema( f,dal mßYS,lhka w;ßka 10] la ;rï jk i|yd f*aianqla" uefikac¾ fuj,u yryd ,nd .; ñ,shk 40 lg jeä il%Sh bkaÈhdkq mßYS,l ixLHdjla yelsh' bkaÈhdkq mßYS,lhka Èkd .ekSug .;a l<ska i;=lr f.k ;sfnk wka;¾-fõÈld m‚jqvlrK W;aidyhl§" f*aianqla úiska kj iaál¾ ^pïnela& fhojquhs' miq.sh jif¾ weia;fïka;=j,g wkqj" lÜg,hla bkaÈhdkq fj<|m, i|yd tla lrkq ,eì‚' jÜiawema iEu uilu bkaÈhdfjka wekafv%dhsâ yd whs´tia u; uefikac¾ mßYS,lhka ñ,shk my ne.ska tla iy f*aianqla fhojqï ms<sn|j fuu jÜiawema b;d lr .ksñka isà' jÜiawema b;d uE;§ iaál¾ ,nd .ekSug yelshdj fok ,§' uE;§ úkafvdaia úkafvdaia ÿrl:k i|yd yskaÈ NdIdjg wfkl=;a m‚jqvlrK fhÿï jk ,hska ÿrl:k i|yd iydhl ;dlaIKh tla lrk ,§' yskaÈ iy yhsla úiskao" bkaÈhdkq fj<|m, yskaÈ NdIdjg NdIdj f.da,Sh jYfhka .;a l< isõfjks i|yd Tjqkf.au iaál¾ lÜg, bÈßm;a iydhl ;ekg Ndú; NdIdjhs' thg bÈßfhka lr ;sì‚' ;dlaIKh tla miqjkafka uekavßka" iamd[a[ yd bx.%Sis lrk ,oafoa th NdIdjka mu‚' tfukau" úkafvdaia ñlaia whsà( fï wjqreoafoa ckjdßfha§ úkafvdaia ÿrl:k i|yd fõ.fhkau j¾Okh jk ol=Kq wm%sldkq cx.u iudc cd,lrK ÿrl:k i|yd fj<|m, w;ßka tlla fõ' fjí wvúh úiska ñlaia whsà laI‚l fõ.fhka m‚jqvlrK fhÿu Èh;a lrk jefvk fj<`om, f*aianqla( f*aianqla úiska uE;l§ bkaÈhdj wjia:dfõ§ bx.%Sisfhka iy yskaÈfhka j,ska tlla jk ;=< mßYS,lhkag cx.u o;a; fyda jhs*hs ,nd .ekSug wjia:dj i,ik ,§' fyhsks Ndú; lrñka Tjqkf.a f*aianqla in|;d uefikac¾ blaukskau f;<sÕ=‍" urd;s" j,g fkdñf,a weu;=ï .ekSug bv ,nd .=crdá" lkakvd" fou< iy u,hd,ï fok m‚jqvlre y~-weu;=ï úfYaIdx.h in, lrk i|ydo iydh ;dlaIKh y÷kajd fokq we;s w;r Bg ,§' wfkl=;a fjdhsia ´j¾ bkag¾fkÜ fm%dfgdflda,a fya;=j jkafka ixj¾Okhka fojk ;,fha k.rj, fiajdj,g iudkdldrfhkau" wekafv%dhsâ iy whs´tia tkï" wdkaød m%foaYa ys§ o" wk;=rej ;ñ,akdvqfõ iy

2012 § wefjkavia md¾Ük¾ia u.ska ksl=;a lrk ,o wOHhk jd¾;djlg wkqj bkaÈhdkq fhojqï fj<|m, fldaá 150-200 l ñ,lg kshu lrk ,o w;r bka .+.,a maf,a iy wem,a wema .nvdj jd¾Islj fldaá 330 la jgd foda,kh fõ¡ 2012 Tlaf;danrfha§" fï fhojqï mqia;ld, fol úiska fldaá 27'5 l iduQyslhla Wmhd .kakd ,§' j¾Ihlg miqj" úfoaYSh iud.ï fj;ska yqrenqyqá ÿrl:k keõ.; lsÍï f;.=K lrk ,o w;r 2016 § fldaá 2000 la olajd jk weia;fïka;=jlg <Õdùug yels fj;ehs wfmalaId flf¾' fï bkaÈhdkqjka i|ydu ksujk ,o fhojqï yhla ms<sn| oelauls

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kfjda;amdok

uydrdIag% m%dka;fha§o fhojqu Èh;a lsÍu ms<sn|j Wkkaÿjla we;sj isàuhs' fmaàtï nd¾f.aka( ish,a, kejqï fmaàtï idmamq ijdß fhÿu m‚jqvlre yryd úl=Kqïlre iu. flaj,a lsÍug Tng bv ,nd fohs' tksid" ksIamdokhla i|yd úl=Kqïlre úiska 1000 l ñ,lshqula bÈßm;a lrk úg Tn f.jkakg iQodkï 700 la muKla kï" Tng wjYH foa m‚jqvlre yryd l< yelsh' fhÿu úúO ldKavj, mdßfNda.slhka tkï" msßñ" ldka;d" <ud ú,dis;d iy .Dy NdKav iu. cx.u ÿrl:k yd ãàtÉ m%;swdfrdamK úl,am o ^oekgu;a fmaàtï u;ska ,o yelsh& we;=,;a idmamq ijdß úfYaIdx.SlrKh lrhs' .+.,a uemaia( fj<| ixlS¾Khl msysá Tnf.a m%sh;u fj<| kdufha .nvdjl msysàu ,nd .ekSug wjYH lrk ó<Õ wjia:dfõ§ .+.,a uemaia fj;ska msysg m;kak" th" ta ud¾.fhka mßYS,lhkag msßlaiqula i|yd WmldÍ jk iy tys .DydNHka;r is;shï ud¾.fhka úfYaIs; msysgqï ksYaphkh lsÍug WmldÍ jk fhÿuls' .DydNHka;r .+.,a uemaia iu.ska" ckm%sh .Dyia: wx.k 75 l uy,a ie,iqï j,g msúiqu ,nd .ekSug Tng yels jk w;r th fkdñf,a fok fiajhls' fuu wx.k f;dard .kq ,en we;af;a fndamd,a" fldhsïnq;=f¾" pkaÈ.d¾" foyardÿka" cdhsmQ¾" fldÖ" ,lakõ" ¨‍êhdkd iy fudrdodndoa k.r j,sks' úisÜì%fÜkaia îwhsî( ì%;dkH ixpdrl uKav,h" úisÜì%fÜka u.ska fnd,sjqâ f;aud ixpdrl fhojqula y÷kajd § ;sfí' tu f;audj kï" fnd,sjqâ bka ì%fÜka h' bka§h ixpdrlhkag ì%;dkHh ;=< ksjdvq .; lrkakg l< hq;= foa ie,iqï lsÍug WmldÍ jk fhojqulss' wekafv%dhsâ yd whs´tia Wmdx. u;ska ,o yels cx.u fhojqu " yskaÈ Ñ;%má weiqreï lr we;s .ukdka;hka .Kkdjla úfYaIdx.SlrKh lrhs'

i;HjYfhkau f,dalh we;af;a bkaÈhdkq iaud¾Ü ÿrl:k mßYS,lhkaf.a weÕs,s ;=v.h

f*aianqla bkaÈhd i;=j mßYS,lhka ñ,shk 93 la isák w;r;=r th fojeks jkafka tlai;a ckmo ñ,shk 146 l mßYS,l .yKhg mu‚' fï fudnhs,a u; ,o yels foa w;ßka ^2013 foieïn¾&" jÜiawema i;=j ñ,shk 36 l l%shdldÍ mßYS,lhka .Kkla bkaÈhdfjka yuq fõ' kjuq msúiqu jk ñlaia whsà ñ,shk 500 l uOHu LKavfha mßYS,lhka .Kkla b,lal lrhs bkaÈhd o¾Yk

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yjq,

wiSñ;

iyfhda.s;dj

bkaÈhdkq ;dlaI‚l yd wd¾Ól iyfhda.s;dj bkaÈhdfõ oaúmd¾Yaúl iyfhda.h jevigyk úúO iyfhda.s;d lafIa;%j, m%lg lsÍu ms<sn| m%Odk ixrplhla yd .;sl fldgila fõ

kjH ;dlaI‚l iyfhda.s;djl ud¾.fhka bkaÈhdj iy yjq,aldr cd;Ska w;r ixj¾Okh fjñka mj;sk rgj, wjYH;d wduka;%Kh lsÍfï§" bkaÈhdkq rch oaùmd¾Yaúl iyfhda.h jevigyk Èh;a lrkq ,en we;' fuu jev igyk 1964 iema;eïn¾ 15 fjksod

.;a wud;H uKav, ;SrKhlg wkqj y÷kajd fok ,§' oYl yhla mqrd ksoyia cd;shla f,i bkaÈhdj w;alr .;a ixj¾Okfha w;aoelSï fnodyod .ekSug yjq,aldr rgj,g wdrdOkd lr isákakSh' wo bkaÈhdkq ;dlaI‚l yd wd¾Ól iyfhda.s;dj bkaÈhdfõ

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oaùmd¾Yaúl iyfhda.h jev igyk úúO iyfhda.s;d ^taishdka& Ô - 77" Ô- 15" ìïiafgla" fufldka.a lafIa;%j, m%lg lsÍu ms<sn| m%Odk ixrplhla yd .x.d iyfhda.s;dj" wm%sldkq wd¾Ól fldñiu" .;sl fldgila fõ' wm%sldkq ix.uh" wm%sldkq-wdishdkq .%dóh ixj¾Ok fuu jevigyk bkaÈhdfõ m%:u w.%dud;H cjy¾ ixúOdkh" mEka wm%sldkq md¾,sfïka;=j" leßìhka ,d,a fkare ;=udf.a oelaulg wkqj ms<sis÷Kq tlla jk m%cdj ^leßfldï&" fmdÿrdcH uKav,h" f,dal fj<| w;r ,d,a ny¥¾ Ydia;%S w.%dud;H;=udf.a ixúOdkh" l,dmSh iyfhda.s;dj ms<sn| ld,fha l%shdjg kxjk ,§' bkaÈhdkq bkaÈhdkq id.r ßï ix.uh iy bkaÿ bkaÈhdkq ;dlaI‚l yd wd¾Ól iyfhda.s;dj wm%sldkq iïuka;%K ixioh fuhg wh;a ;dlaI‚l jev igyk my; oelafjk úYajdih fõ' bkaÈhdkq ixj¾Okfha w;aoelSï iy wd¾Ól u; mokïj wdrïN lrk ,oaols" — fnod .ekSu i|yd" wdishdfõ rgj,a iyfhda.s;dfõ fuys§ wfkHdkH ie,ls,a, iy wka;¾ 161 g;a" wm%sldj" kef.kysr hqfrdamh" iïm;a l,dmSh mrdh;a;;dj u; mokïj iïnkaO;d ,;ska weußldj" leßìhka ¥m;a" meismsla yd wka;¾ ixia:dmkh lsÍu fmdÿfõ orkq ,nk yd l=vd ¥m;a rdcHhkag;a bkaÈhdkq l,dmSh woyia iy wfmalaIdjka wkqj l< hq;=jd ;dlaI‚l iy wd¾Ól iyfhda.s;dj jev ixo¾Nhla muKla fkdj" Yla;su;a wd¾Ólh igyk iy tys ifydaor jev igykla ;=< ms<sis÷Kq u;o mokï lr .ekSu wjYH fõ' jk úfYaI fmdÿrdcH uKav,Sh wm%sldkq iyfhda.s;d jev ifudaOdks; iy idxl,amksl úfoaY iyfhda.s;d jevigyk úiska wdrdOkd igyka i|yd m%;sm;a;shl w;HjYH l%shdldrlï lrkq ,efí' Ndú; lrkq j,ska tlla f,i ;dlaI‚l iy wd¾Ól fuu jev igyfka we;s úúO ,eì‚ iyfhda.s;dj ie,fla'— l%shdldrlïj, m%;sM,hla f,i" fiajd uE; j¾Ij,§' bkaÈhdkq ;dlaI‚l imhkafkl= jYfhka bkaÈhdjg we;s iy wd¾Ól iyfhda.s;dfõ iïm;a l,dmSh yd wka;¾ ;dlaI‚l úfYaI{ {dKh fukau mqyqKq wjia:djka" l,dmSh ixo¾Nhla ;=< ms<sis÷Kq my; i|yka WmfoaYl fiajd iy YlH;d wOHhk jeks wxYhka iyfhda.s;d jev igyka i|yd Ndú; lrkq ,eì‚' ms<sn|j wfkl=;a rgj,a w;r oDYHudk yd j¾OkSh ol=Kq kef.kysr wdishdkq cd;Skaf.a ixúOdkh wjOdkhla j¾;udkfha m%lg fõ' fuu jevigyka

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ksid iqúi,a lS¾;s kduhla iy ixj¾Okh ud¾.fhka M,odhS f,i fufyhùu ms‚i bka§h fjñka mj;sk rgj,a w;r úoHudk iyfhda.s;djla úfoaY lghq;= wud;HdxYh úiska ixj¾Ok yjq,aldÍ;aj bme§ ;sfí' mßmd,kh ixia:dmkh lr we;' bkaÈhdkq ;dlaI‚l idudkH ck;dj iy wdrlaIl fiajd ks,OdÍka iy wd¾Ól iyfhda.s;d jev igyk$ úfYaI fmdÿrdcH i|yd jk mqyqKq jev igyka hgf;a" uKav,Sh wm%sldkq iyfhda.s;d jev bkaÈhdkq rch iy fm!oa.,sl wxYh hk igyk i;=j my; i|yka ixrplhka foflau wdh;k u.ska mj;ajd f.k hkq olakg ,efí( bkaÈhdkq rdcH ,nk mqyqKq mdGud,dj,g • bkaÈhdkq ;dlaI‚l iy wd¾Ól wdh;k u.ska mj;ajd f.k iyNd.slhka wdl¾IKh lr .ekSug iyfhda.s;d jev igyfka yjq,aldr hkq ,nk mqyqKq bkaÈhdkq ;dlaI‚l iy wd¾Ól jev rgj,a j,ska kï lrk wh i|yd mdGud,dj,g igyk iy úfYaI fmdÿrdcH uKav,Sh bkaÈhdj ;=< mqyqKqj ^idudkH ck;dj iyNd.slhka wm%sldkq iyfhda.s;d jev igyk wLKavj iy wdrlaIl fiakd ks,hka& wdl¾IKh lr l%shd;aul fjñka isá;s' • YlH;d wOHhk iy WmfoaYl fiajd .ekSug bkaÈhdkq bkaÈhdkq ;dlaI‚l iy wd¾Ól jeks jHdmD;s yd jHdmD;s iïnkaê; ;dlaI‚l iy iyfhda.s;d jev igyk ixj¾Ok l%shdldrlï wd¾Ól jev yjq,aldÍ;ajh lafIa;%fha Yla;su;a • bkaÈhdkq m%ùkhka úfoaYj, ¥; igyk iy ikakduhla w;alr .ekSug iu;aj fufyjf¾ fhoùu úfYa I fmdÿrdcH isà' jd¾Isl bkaÈhdkq ;dlaI‚l iy • wOHhk pdßld uKav,Sh wm%sldkq wd¾Ól iyfhda.s;d jev igyka Èk • bkaÈhdkq ;dlaI‚l iy wd¾Ól jev iyfhda.s;d jev l%shdldÍ;ajhka ud¾.fhka niú n, igyfka yjq,aldr rgj,a j, b,a,Su igyk wLKavj .ekaùug wdÈ ks, cd, iu. ld¾h mßÈ ,nd fok WmlrK ;Hd.$mß;Hd. l%shd;aul fjñka kshqla;h úiska uQ,ia:dk iy úfoaY • úm;a iyk iykdOdr isá;s fufyjr j, fukau iudc cd,lrK fuj,ï ud¾.fhkao ixúOdk lghq;= isÿ mqyqKqj fjñka mj;S' ixj¾Okh jk rgj,aj, mqoa.,hka i|yd mqyqKq úfoaY bkaÈhdkq iyfhda.s;d jHdmD;s" ixl,amh" Èh;a mdGud,d mj;ajkq ,efí' fuh idudkH jeishka iy lsÍu" l%shd;aul lsÍu iy iïmQ¾K lsÍu hk wÈhr wdrlaIl fiakd ks,hka i|yd úYsIag;ajh ms<sn|j

bkaÈhdkq ;dlaIKh iy wd¾Ól iyfhda.s;d jev igyfka m%Odk lghq;a;la jkafka mqyqKq lsÍu fyda Odß;d m%j¾Okhhs

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yjq,

uE; j¾Ij,§" bkaÈhdkq ;dlaIK iy wd¾Ól iyfhda.s;dj jev igyfka iïm;a iyfhda.s;d jev igykaj, Ndú; lrk ,§

úúO jk bkaÈhdkq uOHia:dkj,§ meje;afõ' idudkH ck;dj i|yd mqyqKq jev igyk( uKav,.; wdh;k 47 la úiska mj;ajk mdGud,d 280 la fõ' b,a¨‍u u; fufyhjk mqyqKq jev igykla jk fuh ixj¾Okh jk rgj, l=i,;d yd lafIa;% ms<sn| mq¿,a iy úúO mrdihl l%shdldÍ jD;a;slhka i|yd f;dard.;a úIhhka j,ska hqla; fõ' mdGud,d ldKav y;lg fnokq ,en ;sfí( • .sKqïlrKh" ú.Kkh" nexl=lrKh yd uQ,Hh • f;dr;=re ;dlaIKh" úÿ,sixfoaYkh iy bx.%Sis • l<ukdlrKh • iq¿ yd uOH mßudK jHjidh$.%dóh ixj¾Okh • úfYaIs; • ;dlaI‚l • mdßißl iy mqk¾ckkSh n,Yla;s

jHdmD;s noaO iyfhda.s;dj wfkHdkH jYfhka tlÕ jQ jHdmD;s moku u;" Tjqkf.a iïm;a iy wjYH;djkag fhda.H jk ;dlaIKh iy mqyqKqj iu. há;, myiqlï ia:dmkh lrkq ms‚i" bkaÈhdj bkaÈhdkq ;dlaI‚l iy wd¾Ól iyfhda.s;dj jev igyfka rgj,g iyfhda.h ,nd fokakSh' jHdmD;s iyfhda.s;dj ud¾.fhka" bkaÈhdj ish l=i,;dj" ;dlaIKh iy udkj iïm;a yelshdjka úoyd olajhs' mqrdúoHd ixrlaIKh" f;dr;=re ;dlaIKh iy iq¿ yd uOH mßudK jHdmdr lafIa;%hkays

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oaùmd¾Yaúl jHdmD;s .Kkdjlau l%shd;aul lrkq ,nhs' tfukau YlH;d wOHhk iy WmfoaYk fiajd o lrf.k hkq ,efí'

bkaÈhdkq m%ùkhka ¥; fufyjf¾ fhoùu ñ;%YS,S rgj,aj, ixj¾Ok l%shdldrlï i|yd bkaÈhdkq m%ùkhkaa ¥; ld¾hfhys fhdojd we;' m%dfoaYSh iudc wd¾Ól yd ixialD;sl mßirhg ndOd fkdlrñka m%ùkhka úiska .eg¿ wOHhkh lsÍu;a úi÷ï fhdackd lsÍu;a lrhs'

wOHhk pdßld bkaÈhdkq ;dlaI‚l iy wd¾Ól iyfhda.s;d jev igyfka yjq,aldr rgj, b,a,Su mßÈ l%shd;aulhs' we,aula olajk úfYaIs; lafIa;% y÷kd .efkk w;r" ksfhdað;hka wdh;k" mqyqKq uOHia:dk iy we,aula olajk ia:dk lrd le|ùfuka wk;=rej i;s fol isg ;=k olajd Èfjk jev igyka ixúOdkh flf¾'

WmlrK ;Hd.$mß;Hd. bkaÈhdkq ;dlaI‚l iy wd¾Ól iyfhda.s;d jev igyfka yjq,aldr rgj, ixj¾Ok m%h;akhka i|yd rch ;Hd.$mß;Hd. ,nd fohs' idudkHfhka ñ;%YS,S rgj, b,a,Sï j,g m%;spdr oelaùï jYfhka iy foaYmd,k kdhl;ajfha ne¢hdjka wkqj fuu ;Hd.$mß;Hd. ,nd fohs'


úm;a iykdOdr iajNdúl úm;aj,ska ydkshg m;a rgj,a i|yd udkqISh wdOdr f,i wdydr OdkH" T!IO" iy uQ,H iyfhda.h m%odkh flf¾' fuu jevigyk ieuÍu i|yd iema;eïn¾ 15 jk Èkh bkaÈhdkq ;dlaI‚l iy wd¾Ól iyfhda.s;d jev igyka Èkh f,i kï lr ;sfí' bkaÈhdkq ;dlaI‚l iy wd¾Ól iyfhda.s;d jev igyk$ úfYaI fmdÿrdcH uKav,Sh wm%sldkq iyfhda.s;d jev igyk hgf;a jQ bkaÈhdkq fufyjr úiska isoaêh ieuÍu i|yd ms<s.ekSfï W;aijhla i;aldrh lrhs'fndfyda rgj," bkaÈhdkq ;dlaI‚l iy wd¾Ól iyfhda.s;d jev igyfka iyNd.slhkaf.a ñ;%;aj ix.ï msysgqjd we;s w;r f*ianqla yryd wka;¾ l%shd isÿ lsÍuo olakg ,efí' ;j;a iyfhda.s;d jev igykla jQ" fld<U l%ufha ;dlaI‚l iyfhda.s;d fhdackd l%uh 1950 § msysgqjk ,o w;r wruqK jQfha fld<U l%ufha rgj,g ;dlaI‚l iydh ,nd §uhs' wdishdkq idudðl rgj, iyNd.slhka i|yd" udkj iïm;a ixj¾Okh ;=<ska mßmd,k iy ;dlaI‚l yelshdjka jeäÈhqKq lr .ekSug" wjfndaOd;aul yd taldnoaO mqyqKqjla bkaÈhdj úiska imhhs' bkaÈhdkq úfoaY lghq;= wud;HdxYh" 2010 wfma%,a isg fld<U l%ufha ;dlaI‚l iyfhda.s;d fhdackd l%ufha mßmd,kh flfrys úYajdih r|jd we;' fld<U l%ufha rgj, wjYH;d is;ays r|jd .ksñka úúO jQ úIhhka wdjrKh lrñka wOHhk uOHia:dk 26 l§ mqyqKq wjia:d 500 la bkaÈhdj msßkuhs'

idudkH ck;dj i|yd mqyqKq jev igyk 2012-2013 ld,iSudj w;r;=r§" bkaÈhdkq ;dlaI‚l iy wd¾Ól iyfhda.s;d jev igyk$úfYaI fmdÿrdcH uKav,Sh wm%sldkq iyfhda.s;d jev igyk hgf;a mqyqKq wjia:d 8000 lg úfYaI mdGud,d jeä .Kkla 161 la jk ixj¾Okh jk bkaÈhdkq ;dlaI‚l iy wd¾Ól wdishdkq idudðl rgj,a i|yd Tjqka úiska we,aula olajk iyfhda.s;d jev igyk$úfYaI fmdÿrdcH rgj, yd Tjqkg jdisodhl jk lafIa;% i|yd uKav,Sh wm%sldkq iyfhda.s;d jev iyNd.slhka fjka lrk ,§' idudkH ck;d mqyqKq igyk hgf;a jk yjq,aldr rgj, i|yd, jev igyk" uKav,.; wdh;k 47 la b,a,Su mßÈ" úfYaI mdGud,d my; wjfndaOd;aul iu.ska" úúO l=i,;d iy úIhh noaO i|yka whqßka mj;ajk ,§' tkï" kj yd taldnoaO mrdihka ;=< jD;a;slhka i|yd m%d:ñlj È,a,sfha laIh frda.h iy iajik frda. mqyqKqjla flá ld,Sk mdGud,d 280 la mj;ajkakg ms<sn| iajik moaO;sh wdh;kh u.ska bkaÈhdj úiska fhÿ‚' rdcH ks,OdÍka iy wfkl=;a tla weußldkq úfYaI{ ffjoHjrfhl= imhhs wh i|yd" uQ,H iy .KldêlrKh" i|yd w;aoelSfuka mqyqKqj moku ú.Kkh" nexl=lrKh" wOHdmkh" hgf;a mqyqKqj¦ kj È,a,sfha bkaÈhdkq ie,iqïlrKh iy mßmd,kh" md¾,sfïka;= wOHhkh" wka;¾cd;sl m%cd;ka;%jd§ ue;sjrK l<ukdlrKh wmrdO jd¾;d" frÈms<s" .%dóh úoHq;kh" fuj,ï wdh;kfha ue;sjrK l<ukdlrK uQ,O¾u yd ie,iqïlrKh hk lafIa;%j, mqyqKqj ,nd fokq mßph ms<sn| úfYaI mdGud,dj¦ kj È,a,sfha udkj ,eì‚' Bg wu;rj" .%dóh ixj¾Okh" iq¿ yd uOH fijqï l<ukdlrK wdh;kfha§ N+;dk kd.ßl mßudK jHjidh iy jHjidhl;aj ixj¾Okhg wod< bxðfkarejka i|yd kd.ßl há;, myiqlï fmdÿ mdGud,d úiska iyNd.slhka fndfyda .Kkla l<ukdlrKh ms<sn| úfYaI mdGud,dj iy ;j;a wdl¾IKh lrf.k we;' mdGud,d wd§ jYfhks'

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fld<U l%uh hgf;a ;dlaI‚l iyfhda.s;d fhdackd l%uh wdishd;sl yd Ydka;slr rgj, iuQmldr iy wd¾Ól iudchSh ixj¾Okh ms<sn| fld<U l%uh rgj, wd¾Ól yd iudc ixj¾Okh jeä ÈhqKq lsÍug 1951 § msysgqjk ,o wka;¾-wdKavq ixúOdkhls' fld<U l%ufha ol=Kq-ol=Kq ;dlaI‚l iyfhda.s;dfjys fldgila f,i rch fld<U l%ufha rgj,a 18 lg ;dlaI‚l iydh iemhSfï wdrïNh .;a;dh' 2010 wfma%,a 01 Èk uqo,a wud;HdxYfha wd¾Ól lghq;= fomd¾;fïka;=fõ isg úfoaY lghq;= wud;HdxYh fj; udre lrk ,§' 2012-2013 ld,fha§" mqyqKq wjia:d 500 la fld<U l%ufha rgj,a i|yd fjka lrk ,§' fld<U l%ufha uyf,alï ld¾hd,fha Ndú;h i|yd fjka lrk ,o wjia:d 90 lao óg we;=,;a fõ'

wdrlaIl mqyqKqj yjq,aldr rgj, wdrlaIl ia:dmk wdrlaIl fiajdj, ;=kajeoEreï me;sj,§ wdrlaIl mqyqKqj ckm%sh jkakg mgka f.k ;sfí' 2012-2013 ld,fha§" wdlaIl mqyqKq wjia:d 1500 la yjq,aldr rgj,a fjkqfjka fjkalrk ,§' fuu mdGud,dj,g idudkH iy úfYaI wdrlaIl

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iy Wmdh wOHhk" wdrlaIl l<ukdlrKh" m%;s ler,s .eiSu" iy le,E hqoaO we;=,;a jQ w;r fiajd yuqod ;=fka kjl ks,hka i|yd mokï mdGud,do we;=,;a úh'

jHdmD;s iy jHdmD;s iïnkaO l%shdldrlï mqrd úoHd ixrlaIKh" f;dr;=re yd mß.Kl ;dlaIKh iy iq¿ yd uOH mßudK jHjidh i|yd oaùmd¾Yaùh jHdmD;s .Kkdjla l%shd;aul lrkq ,efí' §¾. ld,Sk kv;a;= l< yelshdj ;yjqre lsÍug" wdjYHl fN!;sl há;, myiqlï iy Odß;d m%j¾Okh ilia lsÍu b,lalh úh'

l%shd;aul m%Odk jHdmD;s( ^1& ldïfndach( gd fm%daï mkai, ixrlaIKh lsÍu yd ms<silr lsÍu' ^2& ,d´i ckrch( bkaÈhdkq mqrdúoHd iólaIKh u.ska jÜ fmda ixrlaIKh lsÍu iy ms<silr lsÍu' ^3& isßhdj( veuialia kqjr f;dr;=re ;dlaIK wdh;kfha jir foll uQ,sl mqyqKqj iïmQ¾K lrk ,§' ^4& .%ekvdj( f;dr;=re ;dlaIK uOHia:dkh 2011 §


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iudrïN lrk ,o w;r Wiia mß.Kl ixj¾Ok m%ùkhka ¥; fufyjf¾ fhoùu uOHia:dkfha m%ùkfhl= úiska mqyqKqj wdrïN wdKavq iy wka;¾cd;sl ixúOdkj, b,a,u S mßÈ isú,a lrk ,§' lghq;= yd wrlaIl lafIa;j % , 26 fofkl= ¥; fufyjf¾ úhÜkduh( f;dr;=re yd ikaksfõok fhojQ w;r Tjqkf a .a ld¾h Ndrh jQfha f;dr;=re ;dlaIKh i|yd jQ bkaÿ-úhÜkdu wê iïm;a ;dlaIKh" ú.Kkh" ffk;sl lghq;"= lDIs l¾uh" uOHia:dkh 2011 § iudrïN lrk ,§' Wiia T!IOfõoh" ixLHdkh yd ckúldY úoHdj" rdcH mß.Kl uOHia:dkfha m%ùkhkag mßmd,kh iy frÈms<s hk lafIa;j % , bkaÈhdfõ mqyqKqj ,o úhÜkdu Wmfoia yd ksmK q ;ajh iemhSuhs' ,d´ih" m%ùkhka úiska iyfhda.h ,nd uef,aih s dj" uqßish" iSfI,ai"a .hkdj" ,d´ih, uqßish, fok ,§' g%k s v s Eâ yd gqnef.da" b;sfhdamh s dj" f,if;da" uef,aishdj, isïndífõ( isïndífõ cd;slhka fudieïìla" keóìhdj iy W.kdvdj hk .hkdj, g%sksvEâ yd gqnef.da, hk i|yd iq¿ yd uOH mßudK jHjidh rgj,g fï fiajdjka újD; lr ;sn‚ q ' rgj,g wdrlaIl jHdmD;sj, ld¾h kshqla; mqyqKqj LKav fiajdjka wjika wÈhrg <Õd jQ w;r 2009 § wdmod iyk iykdOdr újD; lr ;snq‚ wdrïN lrk ,o fuu wÈhr 2012 § • iajNdúl w¾nqoj,ska n,mEug ,la iïmQ¾K lsÍug yelsúh' jQ rgj,g läkï iyk iyfhda.h bkaÿkSishdj( bÈlsÍï wxY jevj, bkaÈhdj úiska jD;a;Sh mqyqKq uOHia:dkfha ld¾hh kshqla; ,nd fok ,§' mqyqKqj wjika wÈhrg bkaÿkSishdfõ wfÉ kqjr§ • fldkaf.da ckrch" ,sìhdj" nx.,dfoaYh" *Sð" meje;ajqKq w;r 2012 § th iïmQ¾K;ajh lrd isßhdj" iy ñhkaudrhg uQ,H fyda lreKd iy.; fiakaÿ úh' mß;Hd. f,i iyk iyfhda.s;dj olajk ,§' fvdñkslka ckrch( fvdñksldkq ckrcfha ika;shdf.da kqjr f;dr;=re ;dlaIK uOHia:dkh YlH;d wOHhk 2011 § iudrïN lrk ,§' mqyqKqj l%shd;aulhs' Wiia mß.Kl ixj¾Ok uOHia:dkh úiska ud, Èjhsk( wd.ka;=l i;aldrh iy ixpdrl gekaidkshdfõ wrEId kqjr úoHdj yd ;dlaIKh ms<sn| lghq;= wOHhk bkaÿ-udf,a ñ;%;aj úoHdmSGh fk,aika uekafv,d wm%sldkq wdh;k N+ñfha f;dr;=re i|yd uy,a wglska hq;a f.dvke.s,a,la bÈ ;dlaIK uOHia;dkhla msysgqùu ms<sn| YlH;d lrk ,§' wOHhkhla lrk ,§'

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bkaÿ-Y%S ,xld ft;sydisl

ne£ïj,g fldkal%SÜ iúhla ksjdi bÈlsÍfï isg udkqIsl wdOdr olajd iy ffjoH iemhqfï isg lDIsld¾ñl Èh;alsÍï olajd" Y%S ,dxlsl ck;djg yels blaukska h<s idudkH Ôjk rgdjg msúiSug yeu Wmldrhlau lsÍug bkaÈhdkq rch ierfihs joka fm< ( úkS;a jdys

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oYl ;=klg wdikak ld,hla Y%S ,xld yuqod iy u.ska tu W;aidyhkag ndOd meñKùu isÿjk nj t,aààBh w;r mej;s ikakoaO .egqï 2009 § wjika ie<ls,a,g .ksuq' tu.ska ;;a;ajh fkdoeku jdf.a ùu;a iu." úúO uÜgïj,§ bkaÈhdj iy Y%S ,xldj jvd;a ixlS¾K jkq we;s nj wmf.a ie<lSuhs' Tjqka w;r t<öug kshñ; oaùmd¾Yaúl yqjudre fj; wjqreÿ 30 lg jeä ld,hla ckjd¾.sl .egqul b,lalh wNHka;ßlj wj;eka mqoa.,hka i|yd odyhkag uqyqK § isà' ikakoaO .egqfï wjidkh;a ixj¾Ok iyfhda.h jHdmD;s l%shd;aul iu. m%Odk udkqIsl wNsfhda.hla" tkï lsÍu olajd tiú‚' Y%s ,xld yuqodjka wNHka;ßlj wj;eka mqoa.,hka l|jqre úiska øúv ëjrhkag fjä;eîu jeks j, /£ isàu" ke.S tñka mej;s nj ÿgq bkaÈhdfõ wms, W;afldamlhka ;sfnk kuq;a Y%S ,xldj ksidfjka" fï ck;djg idudkH Ôjk ixialrKuh cd;Ska fol w;r ñ;%;ajfha ne£ï ;r rgdjg h<s meñŒug Wmldr lsÍug jYfhka rfÜ lsÍug Wmldr úh' wjYH uy;a mßY%uhg Wr§ug bkaÈhdkq W;aidyhkag fomd¾Yajhgu ;u wjqreÿ 2500 lg rch ;SrKh l<dh' wNHka;ßlj wj;eka odhl;ajh jeä ft;sydisl ne£ï bÈßhg f.k hdu mqoa.,hka fj; flreKq laI‚l udkqISh olajkjdg jvd fhdackdj h:d¾:hla njg m;a lr .ekSug wjYHj wdOdr j,g mjq,a iykdOdr weiqreï u.ska tu we;s neúka kej;;a Y%S ,xldj úiska isÿ ,laI 2'5 la iemhSu" 50000 lg jeä W;aidyhkag l<ehs lshk kuq;a Tmamq lr ke;s hqo ck;djlg m%;sldr iemhQ yÈis ffjoH ndOd meñKùu wmrdO iïnkaOfhka fidaÈis mÍlaIK tallhla ia:dmkh lsÍu" ñ,shk tllg isÿjk nj i|yd tlai;a cd;Skaf.a udkj ysñlï jeä fiú,s ;yvq m%udKhla iemhSu" ie<ls,a,g .ksuq WmfoaYl uKav,fha ÔkSjd fhdackdjg ;djld,sl ksjdi bÈlsÍu i|yd isfuka;s Pkaoh §fuka bkaÈhdj je<lS isáhdh' weiqreï ,laI y;rla iemhSu iy ue;sjrK ixúOdk lsÍu we;=¿j fou< lDIsld¾ñl l%shdldrl weiqreï 95000 la ckhd jdih lrk W;=re m<df;a ixys¢hdj fjkqfjka iïmdokh o we;=,;a fõ' Y%S ,xldj .kakd W;aidyhka fhdackdfjka fkdi<ld bkaÈhdkq rch oeka wNHka;ßlj wj;eka yer we;s nj bkaÈhdj woyia l<dh' bkaÈhdfõ wms" mqoa.,hkag ksjdi myiqlï iemhSu b,lal lrkakSh' ixialrKuh jYfhka rfÜ W;aidyhkag 2010 ,xld ckdêm;s tï' rdcmlaI ue;s;=udf.a odhl;ajh olajkjdg jvd fhdackdj bkaÈhdkq ixpdrh w;r;=r§" w.%dud;H wdpd¾h

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ukafudayka isx úiska Y%S ,xldj ;=< ksjdi 50000 iemhSu i|ydhs' ;jo Y%S ,xldfõ W;=re m<df;a úÿ,s la m%;sixialrKh lsÍfï jevigyklg bkaÈhdj ixfoaY moaO;s bÈlsÍïo fuhg we;=<;a fõ' fuu iyfhda.h ,nd fok nj ksfõokh lf<ah' wkql+,j" Kh jev igyk hgf;a kshñ; jev iïmQ¾K lsÍu 2010 fkdjeïnrfha§ ksjdi 1000 la bÈlsÍfï kshuq miq.sh jif¾ § isÿjkq we;ehs wfmalaId lrkq ,eì‚' jHdmD;shla Èh;a flreKq w;r" 2012 cQ,sfha§ th m<d,s .=jka f;dgqm< kej; bÈlsÍu" lkalika;=f¾ iïmQ¾K flß‚' b;sß ksjdi 49000 la jk m%udKh jrdh bÈlsÍï" hdmkfha ixialD;sl uOHia:dkh l%shdjg kexùu Wfoid jk wjfndaOd;aul .súiqula Y%S bÈlsÍu" cd;Ska fol w;r úÿ,s iïnkaO;d /yeka ,xldj iu. w;aika lrkakg fhÿ‚' cd,l wka;¾ iïnkaO;d lghq;=" fojk wÈhf¾§" W;=re yd kef. ÈlaTh frdayf,a we|ka 150 la msysgqùu" wOHdmkh, kysr ksjdi tall 43000 la bÈlsÍu iy cd;sl bkaOk n,Yla;s ixia:dj fi!LHh, iy w¿;ajeähd lsÍu iïnkaOj" 2012 iy ,xld úÿ,sn, uKav,h w;r noaO m%jdyk Tlaf;danrfha§ Èh;a lsÍfï mshjr jHdmdrhla f,i idïmQ¾ yS .,awÕ=‍re iïnkaO;dj, l=vd .eKqks' ieneúkau" fuu jHdmD;sh fldaá úÿ,s n,d.drhla bÈlsÍu hk jHdmD;sj, yd uOH mßudK 1372 la jákdlu ork w;r bkaÈhdfjka bkaÈhdj kshe,S isákakSh' wOHdmkh" ixj¾Okh iy msg; flfrk úYd,;u m%odk iyfhda. fi!LHh" m%jdyk iïnkaO;dj" l=vd yd tys m%odk wruqo,a w;=ßka tlls' 2013 j¾Ih ;=<§ ysñlre uOH mßudK jHjidh ixj¾Okh iy fhdojñka fndfyda fldgiaj, úiska l%shdjg kexùfï wdlD;shla ;=< tys m%odk wruqo,a fhdojñka fndfyda mqyqKqj i|yd W;=re m<df;a ksjdi 10184 la ;rï fldgiaj, mqyqKqj i|yd jk ixj¾Ok jk ixj¾Ok nyq;rhla iïmQ¾K flß‚' 2015 § jHdmD;sj,§ iydh oelaùu bkaÈhdj jHdmD;sj,§ iydh bÈlsÍï iïmQ¾K lsÍu b,lalhhs' wLKavj lrf.k hkakSh' oelaùu bkaÈhdj bkaÈhdfjka ,nd fok ixj¾Ok Kh bkaÈhdkq úfoaY lghq;= wud;H wLKavj lrf.k ,nd .kakd rgj,a w;ßka Y%S ,xldjo i,audka l=¾§Ya ue;s;=ud" miq.sh hkakSh tlls' fvd,¾ ñ,shk 167'4 l Kh jev Tlaf;danrfha§ hdmkfha ixpdrhl igykla hgf;a iqkdñ jHikfhka fhÿkq w;r" n,mEug ,lajQ ydkshg m;a fld<U-ud;r ÿïßh ud¾.h w¿;ajeähdj mqoa.,hkaf.a mqkre;a:dmk iy m%;sixialrK iy W;afY%a‚.; lsÍu flre‚' fjk;a Kh jev W;aidyhka ;=< Tjqkg iydh §fï,d bkaÈhdfõ igykla hgf;a fvd,¾ ñ,shk 800 la msßkefuk lemùu kej; kej;;a m< lf<ah' wmf.a úYajdih w;r tajd fhdod .kq we;af;a ueojÉÑh isg uvq olajd" fuu uQ,drïNhka úiska fomd¾Yajfhau m%dfoaYSh uvq isg ;f,aukakdru olajd" ´ukaf;a isg m<d,s wd¾Ólhkaf.a úoHudk W;af;ackhla iemfhkq we;s olajd" m<d,s isg lkalika;=f¾ olajd ÿïßh ud¾.j, njhs' wud;Hjrhd i|yka l< wdldrfhkau" ;%SNdId iy ix{d we;=¿j .uka m: t<Su iy is,amr fldg Y%S ,xldjla i|yd oi wjqreÿ cd;sl jev igykg

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jfï( i,audka l=¾§Ya ue;s;=ud fld<U bkaÈhdkq idu idOl yuqod wkqiaurKfha §" 2013 Tlaf;dan¾ ui Tyqf.a ks, Y%S ,xld ixpdrfha§ iy my< jfï( bkaÈhdkq úfoaY lghq;= wud;Hjrhd Y%S ,xldfõ W;=re m<df;a bkaÈhdkq wdOdr hgf;a ksjdilrK jev igykl m%;s,dNSka fj; iy;slm;a fnodfoñka

;dlaI‚l iyfhda.h iemhSu ms‚i jk —Y%S ,xldj ;=< úúO NdId Ndú; lrk m%cdjka w;r cd;sl ixys¢hdj iy tluq;=lu m%j¾Okh i|yd jeo.;a jk uQ,drïNhka .ek wms úYajdih ;nuq'— hkqfjka jQ wjfndaOd;aul .súiqula w;aika lrk ,§' wud;Hjrhd úiska ,xld wdKavql%u jHjia:dfõ 13 jeks ixfYdaOkh iïmQ¾Kfhka l%shd;aul lsÍu idlaId;a lr .ekSug iy ta i|yd jk f.dv ke.Sï" w¾:dkaú; n,h fn§ula w;alr .ekSï i|yd bkaÈhdfõ lemùu kej; kej;;a m< lrk ,§' fuu ixfYdaOkh u.ska Y%S ,xldfõ m<d;a iNd ks¾udKh lrk ,o w;r isxy, yd fou< NdId rdcH NdId f,i ie<lSu;a iïnkaëlrK NdIdj f,i bx.%Sis Ndú; lsÍu;a kS;s.; lrk ,§'

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yjq,

wkd.; wm%sldj f.dvke.Su

bkaÈhdfõ wfmalaIdjhs 2025 jk úg wm%sldfõ fvd,¾ ì,shk 150 la jk NjH jHdmdßl wjia:d iu." bkaÈhdj wm%sldkq cd;Ska iu. mj;ajk Yla;su;a oaùmd¾Yaúl iïnkaO;d wkqj hñka uydoaùmh wd¾Ól iuDoaêh lrd yerùug b,lal lrkakSh joka fm< ( ikaÔõ nd¾

wfkHdkH iyfhda.s;dj ud¾.fhka jQ wd¾Ól ixj¾Okh iy m%.;sh ms<sn|j l;d lsÍug jeo.;a jk tl;=jls" ì%laia ^n%iS,h" reishdj" bkaÈhdj" Ökh" iy ol=Kq wm%sldj&' kuq;a wm%sldkq uydoaùmh ms<sn|j i,ld n,k l< ol=Kq wm%sldj m%ia;=;hg fndfyda msgqmiska miqfjhs' j¾;udk tlai;a ckmo fvd,¾ g%s,shk 2'1 g idfmalaIj 2025 jk úg g%s,shk 5'3 l o< foaYSh ksIamdÈ;hl wfmalaIs;hla weia;fïka;= lrñka iqúi,a wjia:djla thska msßkefuhs' bkaÈhdkq jHdmdßl ifydaor;ajh úiska .fõYKh lrkq ,eîug wjia:djka fmdfrd;a;=fjka miqjkafka tys wd¾Ól frdaofha

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ueogu fjä,a, hjñka l%Svdfõ úm¾hdilfhl=ùug bkaÈhdj n,dfmdfrd;a;=fjka isáh§h' bkaÿwm%sldkq fldgia ióm;dj iy ixialD;sl iudklu mßÈ fuu n,dfmdfrd;a;=j u;= lrñka fndfyda me;slvj,ska Woõ ,efnhs' bkaÈhdj i;=j uydoaùmfha rgj,a iu. Yla;su;a iïnkaO;d mj;sk w;r wm%sldkq cd;Ska fj; — iajhx úYajdihla— msßkeñh yels mßmQ¾K ñ;=ßhl o ù isákakSh' bkaÈhdkq rdcH ksfhdað;dh;k iy ixia:dms;hka úiska Rcq wdfhdack" M,odhS oekqu iy l=i,;d yqjudre ud¾.fhka wm%sldfõ ksIamdok wxYhg fndfyda fia odhl;ajhla iemhSfï


b;sydihla we;' B<Õ ixj¾Ok uÜgug Tyq m%ldY lf<ah' —2008 iy 2011 bkaÿ wm%sld mshke.Sfï§ wm%sldkq ck;djg mßmQ¾K ta;a;= .ekajQ iïuka;%K yuqùïj, isg há;, myiqlï iy úfYaI{;djhla msßkeñh yels bkaÈhdj flfrys ixj¾Ok jHdmD;s i|yd bkaÈhdj úiska ol=Kq úYajdih ;eìh yelsh' oYlhlg miqj" wm%sldj wm%sldjg fvd,¾ ì,shk 10 lg jeä uqo,la ,nd § .uka lrñka isák wÈhr .ek bkaÈhdj idlaIs we;" ;jo wm%sldj mqrd iuia; wm%sldkq iy l,dmSh oerejdh' tneúka" wka;¾cd;sl fj<|dfï§ Tjqkf.a wdh;k 70 la ia:dmkh lsÍfï § yjq,aldÍ;ajh jHdmdr iïND;sh ms‚i bkaÈhdj mrudo¾YS orñka isákakSh'— Tyq bkaÈhdkq iud.ï úiska yjq,aldßhl fõ' wm%sldjo bkaÈhdkq ú{dKjdohka lrk wdfhdackhkag iyfhda.h fokq ms‚i iy wjfndaOhka ms<s.ksñka isà' Tyqf.a wud;HdxYh u.ska y÷kajdfok ,o ñ,§ 2014 ud¾;=fõ" bkaÿ wm%sldkq .eKqïlrejkaf.a Kh ms<sn|j úfYaI jHdmD;s yjq,aldÍ;ajh ms<sn| bka§h i|ykla lf<ah' l¾udka; ixOdk-wmkhk yd wdkhk yuqùfï§" fldkaf.da ckrch — m<uq iy fojk nexl= yuqùu wjia:dfõ" uelskais ie,ls,a,g n÷ka jQ rg— jQ w;r bkaÿ wm%sld iy iud.fï wOHlaI rdcd;a .=ma;d ckrcfha l¾udka; lghq;= ms<sn| iïuka;%K woyia olajñka" —wm%sldfõ iuia; fcHIaG wud;H" bisfvda¾ ïfjdhQnd" yuqùïj, isg úfoaYSh Rcq wdfhdackfhka ^fvd,¾ bkaÈhdkq rch ms<sn|j iy ;u rfÜ há;, myiqlï ì,shk 1013& 6'5] ^fvd,¾ ì,shk m%dfoaYSh úÿ,s n, iemhqïlrKfha§" iy ixj¾Ok 6'4& l odhl;ajhla bkaÈhdj úiska kd.ßl m%jdykfha§ iy wfkl=;a jHdmD;s olajd olajk w;r thg fmrgqj isákafka l¾udka; iu.ska wdydr ;;a;aj md,k i|yd bkaÈhdj weußld tlai;a ckmoh" tlai;a wrdì jHdmD;sj,§ bkaÈhdkq l¾udka;j, úiska ol=Kq tórh" m%xYh iy tlai;a rdcOdksh ld¾h Ndrh .ek l;d lf<ah' Tyq wm%sldjg fvd,¾ hk rgj,ah'— hkqfjka m%ldY lf<ah' lDIsl¾udka;h iy lDIs ieliqï" ì,shk 10 lg ;jo wm%sldfõ —hï— ixLHdjla wxYj, leŒï" f;,a" ixpdrl jHdmdrh iy jeä uqo,la ,nd wdfhdackhg jvd;a mq¿,a úIhh uQ,H fiajd jeks lafIa;% bkaÈhdkq § we; m:hla bkaÈhdj yuqfõ mj;S' 2025 wdfhdackj,g úYd, fjkila l< jk úg" bkaÈhdj fvd,¾ ì,shk yels wxY f,i b;d ksjerÈj fmkajd 150 la jákd jHdmdr wjia:djka i;= ÿkafkah' forg w;r iïnkaO;dj lr f.k isákq we;' bka§h rcfha jd‚cHh yd fjkia ;,hlg f.k tau ms‚i" fldkaf.da l¾udka; wud;H" wdkkaoa I¾ud ue;s;=ud 21 jk ckrcfha ckdêm;s fvksia ieijq kHqfida ue;s;=ud ishji bkaÈhdfõ" wdishdfõ iy wm%sldfõ ishji fï jif¾§ bkaÈhdfõ ixpdrhlg tla jkafkah' nj m%ldY lf<ah' bkaÿ-wm%sldkq yjq,aldÍ;ajh — bka§h l¾udka; ixOdkh iy uelskais úiska úYo yd fjkia— nj;a" ol=Kq-ol=Kq iyfhda.s;djl —wm%sldfõ NjH;dfõ w.=¿ yeÍug w;a w,a,d idrh ms<sn| wdo¾Yhla jYfhka fmkS isák nj;a .ekSu - wm%sldj fj; kj bkaÈhdkq l¾udka;-

f,if;da rdcOdksfha w.%dud;H wdpd¾h fudÜfidafya f;dauia ;dfíka ue;s;=ud¦ bkaÈhdkq l¾udka; ixOdkfha wm%sld lñgqfõ iNdm;s yd gdgd cd;Hka;r iSñ;fha l<ukdldr wOHlaI fkdfh,a tka gdgd uy;d¦ bka§h rcfha jd‚cHh yd l¾udka; wud;H wdkkaoa I¾ud ue;s;=ud¦ iy wka;¾cd;sl fj<| uOHia:dkfha úOdhl wOHlaI w¾pkd f.dkaidf,aia uy;añh yuqj iufha m%o¾Ykfha iudrïNl W;aijfha§

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kshuq m%fõYhla— hkqfjka jd¾;djla ksl=;a njg m;a lrkq ,en ;sfí' isõjkqj" 2025 jk úg lrk ,§' tu.ska wm%sldfõ j¾Okh 2013-2025 mdßfNda.sl úhou fvd,¾ g%s,shk 2'2 lska by< w;r ld,fha§ 5] l idudkHhla .kq we;ehs hkq we;ehs o ñ,shk 190 la olajd j¾Okh jk ksrjq,aj meyeÈ,s lf<ah' th fojeks jkafka uOHu mdka;sl l=gqïN úiska thg 80] odhl;ajhla wdishdjg iy ueo fmrÈ.g mu‚' olajkq we;ehso wfmalaId flf¾' fuh bkaÈhdj fjkqfjka wdfhdack jd¾;dj mjik wkaoug wm%sldj wjia:d w;sßla;h;a újD; lsÍu i;=j ie,lsh hq;= L‚c ixÑ; iy miq.sh oYlfha§, jeksh' id¾j wd¾Ól idOl mjd fï .fõIKh ms‚i fmdfrd;a;= jk wm%sldkq cd;Ska mshjrg mlaI fõ' m<uqfjkau" miq.h s Yla;su;a lDIs mokula ;sfí' wm%sldj ia:djr foaYmd,k oYlfha§" wm%sldkq cd;Ska ia:djr jeks ke.S tk fj<|m,la bkaÈhdkq mßirhla, foaYmd,k mßirhla" WoaOukfha iud.ïj,g wNsfhda. ujd mdñka WoaOukfha my< jeàula" rdcH Kh iy úksuh l%shd;aul fjhs' idudkH há;, my< jeàula, wkqmd; jdIamYs,;djhla fjkqfjka myiqlï ud¾. wjysr;d" mqyqKq ld¾h rdcH Kh iy idlaIs oerEy' fojkqj" fï cd;Ska n,ldhl ysÕh" iy wvqjhia uQ,H úksuh wkqmd; myiq jHdmdr l%shdldrlï i|yd fiajd wxYhla hkq wdrïNh i|yd jk jdIamYS,;djhla mokï f.dvk.ñka isá;s--jHdmdr wNsfhda. jk kuq;a bkaÈhdkq iud. fjkqfjka idlaIs m%fõYh m%;sixialrKh lsÍu" úÿ,s ïj,g ,dN ,eìh yels jk mßÈ m%Yak oerEy ixfoaY fiajd iSud iy kS;s bj;a ieye,a¨‍ lsÍug wm%sldkq cd;Ska oeä lsÍu" nÿ lmdyeÍu" n,Yla;s wxYfha Wkkaÿjla orhs' WodyrK jYfhka" m%;sixialrK iy ;j;a foa' f;jkqj" wfkl=;a ke.S W.kavdfõ uqo,a ie,iqïlrK iy wd¾Ól ixj¾Ok tk wd¾Ólhkag idfmalaIj úfoaY Rcq wdfhdack wud;H udßhd lsjdkqld ue;s‚h yuqùu isÿjQ u; by< m%;s,dN u.ska m%Odk jYfhka ksIamdok wjia:dfõ§ bkaÈhdj iy wm%sldj w;r j¾;udk iy fiajd ÈYd.; wxYj, 2005 isg j¾Okh fjñka wka;¾ l%shd uÜgu új¾;kh lsÍug wfmalaIdfjka mj;sk wdfhdackhka i|yd wdl¾IŒh wjia:djla isáhdh' —wms W.kavd wdfhdack wêldßh msysgqjñka

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jfï( 2014 ud¾;= 9 Èk yuqfõ iudrïNl ieish-kjÈ,a,sh by<( yuqj iufha meje;ajqKq m%o¾Ykhla

n,m;%odk l%shdj,sh ;d¾lSlrKh lr ;sfnkjd' th fkdi,ld yer" ;u tall wm%l s dfõ ia:dmkh wêldßh u.ska ;ks ,laIHh fõÈldjla f,i lr we;s bkaÈhdkq iud.ï fndfyda .Kkla wm%l s dfõ wdfhdacl ie,lSï wduka;%Kh lrkjd'— weh mj;sk wdfhdackh ms<n s | uQ,l s jev ms<f s j, .ek mejiqjdh' th cd;sl wd¾Ól j¾Okh hdukh m%; S f s hka miqfj;s' ls¾f,diald¾ ifydaorfhda ys lsÍug W.kavd rch iy fm!oa.,sl iNdm;s iy l<ukdldr wOHlaI wxYh w;r yjq,aldÍ;ajfhka ixfca ls¾f,diald¾" wm%l s dfõ isák fufyhjk w¾O jYfhka iajhxmd,s; bka È hdkq iud.ï m% d foa Y h S udkj tl tlla i;=j rdcH ksfhdað;dhkhls' tksid" iïm;a mqyK q q lsÍfï ksr; úh hq;= Bgu wdfõksl Rcq wdfhdack iy iyNd.s;ajh nj yÕsh's mqyK q q m%dfoaYh S ld¾h ixialD;shla, wdl¾IKh lr .ekSfï wfmalaIdfjka n,ldhla wm%l s dfõ kv;a;= lrk pdß;% iy wdfhdaclka yuqfõ we;s wiSre;d l¾udka;lrKh i|yd iQplh fõ' p¾hdjka we;s wjika lsÍug wjeis uQ,drïNhka wm%l s dfõ l¾udka; wxYh ;=< úYd, fjkia rgj,a 55 rgj,a úiska .ksñka isá;s' wm%sldj wod<;ajhla bkaÈhdkq ta ta uÜgfï l wjYH;djka ;=< úi÷ï yjq,alre m%fõYhla wod, ;dlaIKhka i;=j we;ehs Tyq fmkajd f;areï .ekSug lr .ekSfuka ,dN bmehSug bkaÈhdkq fohs' Ndr;S tkag¾m%hi s ia l<ukdldr bkaÈhdjg fm!oa.,sl wxYh wfmalaId lr we;' wOHlaI ufkdaÊ flda,s Wmqgd isÿù we; bkaÈhdkq iud.ï i|yd f.da,ShlrK olajkafka" bkaÈhdkq wdfhdaclhka moku f,i uydoaùmhg fyd¢ka yev yuqfõ we;s uQ,l s wNsfhda. jkafka .eish yels kuq;a fuys§" wm%sldfõ fN!;sl há;, myiqlï wjysr;d" olakg ,efnk —leã .sh— N+f.da,Sh ,laIK m%dfoaYh S uqo,a øjYS,;dj" iy mqyK q q Y%u ysÕh jeks wNsfhda. mj;skq we;' tl tlla i;=j Bgu hk ;%; s j a hhs' fï wNsfhda. iu.ska ld¾hlaIu wdfõksl ixialD;shla" pdß;% iy p¾hdjka we;s f,i lghq;= l< yels iud.ï i;=j wm%l s dfõ w;s fjkia rgj,a 55 l wjYH;djka f;areï .ekSug úYd, jHdmdr wjia:djka .Kkla mj;S' ixj¾Ok bkaÈhdjg isÿù we;' iyfhda.; s djg iQpl udkhka folla mj;S' tajd kï

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yjq,

bkaÿ-wm%sld(2014 ud¾;=fõ§ rejkavd ixj¾Ok uKav,h iy tähqleÜ úiska ixúOdkh lrk ,o jHjidhl;aj cx.u ixpdrl ksjyk ;=< iyNd.s jQ yjq,a mßyrK wkd.;hla' cx.u ixpdrl ksjyk u.ska bkaÿ - wm%sld iyNd.slhka wm%sldfõ rejkavdyS ;dreKHh w;r m%j¾Okh lsÍug úYsIag wjia:djls'

iEu fvd,rhlau iy iEu remsh,lau jvd;a jeä wm%l s dfõ ixj¾Okh i|yd jk wjYH;dj wxY ÿrla olajd heúh yelafla flfiao hkak ms<n s | lsym s hla m%uL q ;dfõ ,d i,lk w;r ta wxY kï iyfhda.; s d WfoHda.h iïnkaO M,odhl;ajh iy wOHdmkh" lDIsl¾udka;h iy há;, myiqlï" tys kv;a;= lsÍfï yelshdjhs hkqfjka T!IO yd fi!LHh" mdßfNdack NdKav" f,dal fj<| ixúOdkfha ixj¾Ok f;dr;=re ;dlaIK fiajd" bxðfkare wxYfha wOHlaI YsY¾ s m%h s o¾YSg yef`. WmfoaYkh yd fudag¾ hdka;l s% bkaÈhdj t<fUk hs' bkaÈhdj uOHu m%udKfha há;, jd‚c jdyk wdÈhhs ' bka È hdjg jirj,oS myiqlula jQ f;dr;=re ;dlaIKh u; wvq msßjeh kjHlrKh$fufyhqï jraOkhg bv b,lal fufyhjkafka kï muKla wdlD;sh" by<sku a mqyK q q Y%ñl iy we;s uOHu wm%l s dkq rgj,a m%;, s dN ,nkq we;' jHjidhl;ajh iy fiajd ÈYd.; m%udKfha há;, myiqlula t<fUk j¾Ij,§ fïjd ie,lsh hq;= m%fõYh bÈßm;a lsÍug yelsh' jQ f;dr;=re ;rulska j¾Okh jkq we;s w;r cd;Ska w;sf¾lj" bkaÈhdkq jHdmdßl m%cdj ;dlaIKh ixj¾Okh lrkq we;' bf,lafg%dksl flf¾ wdfhdackh i|yd woyia we;s u; b,lal md,kh iy nexl=lrKh u.ska lr .ekSug wdrdOkh lrkq ,nk fufyhjkafka muKla" fvd,¾ ì,shk 30 l isg úYsIg a w.h ms<n s | ldrKhls' fuh kï muKla 2025 wfmalI a ; s h jk fvd,¾ ì,shk wkd.;h i|yd bkaÈhdfõ wdfhdack wm%sldkq cd;Ska 90 la olajd j¾Okh lsÍug wm%l s dfõ wjodkug jeg n¢ñka isák wjia:djl m%;s,dN ,nkq wfmalI a dj jk w;r ñ,shk 2'5 iy wfkl=;a fj<|m,j,a wdfhdack we; l w;sf¾l f;dr;=re ;dlaIK yd u; m%;, s dN my< hdfuka ;Dma; ùug f;dr;=re ;dlaIK in,lrK fiajd hñka mj;sk ksid wm%l s djg hdu ld¾h n,ldhla wjYH jkq we;' ó<Õ wjqreÿ fol fyd|u ;SrKh jk wjia:djl ksfïIhls' 2003mqrdjg" wm%l s dkq k.r 30 la bkaÈhdkq fj<|mf,a 2013 ld,h i|yd wm%l s dj ;=< bkaÈhdfõ úfoaYh S f,dl= mdßfNda.l s hka njg m;aùug wfmalI a d Rcq wdfhdack fvd,¾ ì,shk 60 la njg m;aù we;s lrkq ,efí' bkaÈhdfõ w.h ms<n s | wruqK yd w;r 2013-2025 ld,h i|yd fvd,¾ ì,shk 100 l

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wm%sldfõ id¾j wd¾Ól iudf,dapkh wm%sldj wo

wm%sldj fyg

(2013)

(2015)

o< foaYSh ksIamdÈ;h ^kduud;%&

US$ 2.1

US$ 5.3

US$ 1.9

Üß,shk

Üß,shk

Üß,shk

mdßfNda.sl úhou ^kduud;%&

US$ 1.3

US$ 3.6

US$ 1.1

Üß,shk

Üß,shk

618

845

822

ñ,shk

ñ,shk

ñ,shk

54*

103

51*

wNsu;dkql+, wdodhula iys; l=gqïN

108

194

197

ñ,shk

ñ,shk

ñ,shk

cx.u ÿrl:k mßYS,lhka

815

1,141

873

ñ,shk

ñ,shk

ñ,shk

jevlrk jhia .yKh

>ñ,shk 1 ck;dj iys; k.r

Üß,shk

bkaÈhdj wo

(2013)

* 2010 j¾Ih i|yd ,o yelsj mj;sk kj;u o;a; uQ,dY%h( whs tÉ tia bfldfkdñlaia¦ iS - Ô whs ã㦠uelskais .af,dan,a wdh;kh¦ isáiafldama 2'2¦ ìiakia fudksg¾ bkag¾keIk,a¦ uelskais ú.%yh

wm%sldj ;=< bkaÈhdkq ixj¾Ok jev igyk bka§h ;dlaI‚l yd wd¾Ól iyfhda.s;dj hgf;a" wm%sldfõ jD;a;slhkaf.ka úYd, .Kkla úúO jQ lafIa;%j, mqyqKq lrkq ,en ;sfí' úfoaY lghq;= wud;HdxYfha iu f,alï ^wdfhdack& wdf,dala l=ud¾ isxyd" fufia mjihs" — w;sf¾lj" Wkkaÿjla olajk úfYaIs; lafIa;%j,§ úúO rgj,aj, b,a,Sï wkqj hñka úfYaI jev igyka ixúOdkh lr we;' b;d uE; w;S;fha§" wms wm%sldkq rgj, úYsIag Ndjh ms<sn| wdh;k ixj¾Okh lrñka isákafkuq' jeo.;a /yeka mg folla tkï" bkaÈhdfjka NdKav iy fiajd wdkhkh lsÍug Tjqkg Wmldr lrkq we;s iy ie,lsh hq;= ;rñka wm%sldfõ §" ixj¾Okh fjñka mj;sk rgj,aj,g Kh m%odkj, È.=j" iy há;, myiqlï jHdmD;s Ndr.ekSu iy ,dNS rgj,a úiska y÷kd f.k we;s ixj¾Ok m%uqL;djka iu. wkql+, ùfï Odß;dj f.dvke.Su lrk" Odß;d f.dvke.Sfï uQ,drïNhka f,i tla lrkq ,en ;sfí' bkaÈhdfjka Kh wdOdr ,nkakdjQ m%Odk;u ,dNSka jkafka fudieïìla yd b;sfhdamshd hk rdcHhka' ixj¾Ok yjq,aldÍ;aj uQ,drïNfha ;=kajeks /yeka mg jkafka jHdmD;s iydhhs'—

wm%sldfõ rejkavd yS jHjidhl;aj cx.u ixpdrl ksjyk ld,fha wka;¾cd, mß.Kl ;dlaIK nih ;=< cx.u wka;¾cd, fiajh i|yd iyNd.s jk YsIHhka

w;sf¾lhla tla lr.kq we;ehs weia;fïka;= lr we;' tu ksid" bkaÈhdj úiska wm%l s dkq cd;Skg a wod<j kv;a;= l< yels j¾Okhla msßkeóu ms<n s | ndOlh by<g tiùu l< hq;h = ' fï wjia:dfõ" bkaÈhdj i;=j weh úiska miq.h s oYlh mqrd f.dv k.k ,o úoHudk ;;a;j a hla iy wd¾Ól úoHd{hska úYajdi lrk mßÈ fuh wm%l s dfõ ixj¾Ok l;dka;rh ks¾udKh lsÍfï§ wm%l s dj ms<n s | wdila; Ndjhla we;s lr .ekSug fyd|u ld,h nj lshkq ,efí'

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uQ,drïNhka

f,dal iduh

foig È.= mshjr ud¾;= 29 Èkg fhfok tlai;a cd;Skaf.a iduidOl Èkh ieuÍu i|yd" wms f.da,Sh jYfhka bkaÈhdkq iduidOl;ajfha oiqka ms<sn| oelaula bÈßm;a lrkafkuq joka fm< ( iquka;d rdf;da¾

f,dalfha ljr fldgil fyda idufha meje;au wfydaisj .sh wjia:dj,§ bkaÈhdkq Ng lKavdhï tluq;=lfï n,dfmdfrd;a;=j wfydaisj fkd.sh nj ;yjqre l<y' tlai;a cd;Skaf.a iduidOl fufyhqï iduidOl fufyjr 65 lska 40 la bkaÈhdkq yuqod iy fmd,sia Nghka ,laIh blau jQ .Kklf.a iyNd.s;ajhg idlaIs oeÍh' 2012 wm%sfh,a ui§" f,dalh mqrd ia:dk kjhl iduidOl fufyjr i|yd 8000 la blaujk bkaÈhdkq Ngfhda iydh foñka isáhy' 2014 ckjdß tlai;a cd;Skaf.a jd¾;dj,g wkqj" j¾;udkfha bkaÈhdj 7837 la jk iduidOl Ng

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lKavdhulska odhl;ajh fmkajd ;sfí' ks, jYfhka" tlai;a cd;Skf.a iduidOl Ng .yKfha ;=kajeks odhlhd bkaÈhdj fõ' bkaÈhdkq Ng lKavdhïj, m<uq M,odhS fufyhqu 1950 fldßhdkq hqoaOfha § isÿ jQ w;r ta wjia:dfõ bkaÈhdj mdrffjoH Ng lKavdhï iy isrlrejka wdrlaId lsÍug iy úkaÈ;hkag i;aldr lrkq ms‚i Ndrldr;aj Ng lKavdhï o hejqjdh' wk;=rej bkaÈhdkqjka iduidOl fufyjr .Kkdjl§u iydNd.s;ajh oela jQ w;r ueo fmrÈ." fldkaf.da" ldïfndach" fudieïìla" fidaud,shdj" rejkavdj"


wekaf.da,dj" isfhrd ,sfhdaka iy b;sfhdamshdjiduidOl fiajdj, ksr; ù isá;s' 211 jk úoHq;a tß;%shdj ta w;rg tlafõ' mYapd;a hqo wjia:djkays§ yd hdka;%sl lafIa;% jevuq¿ we‚h úfoaY N+ñhl§ ck;djg ksjdi" ikSmdrlaIdj yd wdydr ,nd fokq iduidOl fiajhg tla jQ m<uq fiajd we‚h jQfha ms‚i lghq;= lsÍu Ng lKavdhï úiska ;yjqre lrk 1961 § fiajd wdrïN lrñks' f,dal idu fufyjrj,§ ,§' i;H jYfhkau" tlai;a cd;Skaf.a bkaÈhdkq fid,aodÿjkaf.a iyNd.s;ajh tluq;=lu f.dvke.Sfï fufyjrl§ hjk ieuÍu ms‚i 2004 § uqoaorhla ksl=;a 211 jk úoHq;a ,o m<uq ldka;d n, we‚h bkaÈhdfjka lrk ,o wjia:dfõ ;j;a iïudkhla yd hdka;%sl hjk ,oaola úh' tu ldka;djkaf.ka tla úh' kuq;a f,dalh mqrd iduh kej; lafIa;% jevuq¿ muKla ieÿï ,;a fmd,sia tallh 2007 ia:dms; lsÍfï § wm úiska nrm;, we‚h úfoaY § ,hsîßhdjg hjk ,o w;r mYapd;a ñ,la f.jkq ,en we;' 160 lg jeä N+ñhl§ hqo l,dmj, msßñ iduidOl Nghka .Kkla iduidOl Ngfhda ;u Ôú; yer iduidOl w;ska ldka;djka Wmfhdackhg ,laùu ouñka tlai;a cd;Skaf.a iduidOl yuqod fiajhg tla jQ jeä ùfï jd¾;dj,g wkqj ldka;djkag fiajhg odhl jQy' m<uq we‚h jQfha tfrys ysxikh msgqoelSfï tallhla úh' 1961 § fiajd fuu fufyjrg iyNd.s jQ ldka;dfjda tlai;a cd;Skaf.a wekaf.da,d wdrïN lrñks ldka;d muKla jk n,we‚ heùug ;yjqrelrK fufyjr( fuu fufyjr wfkl=;a cd;Skag wkq.%yd;aul n,mEï l< wÈhr ;=klska úyso mej;sfhah( msßila jQy' úoHq;a yd hdka;%sl n,ldfhys n, we‚ 1988-1991" 1991-1995" 1995-1997' m<uq wÈhr 1989 bkaÈhdkq n, we‚j, taldnoaO fldgila jYfhka ckjdßfha§ wdrïN jQ w;r wekaf.da,dfõ isú,a hqoaOh tlai;a cd;Skaf.a fufyjrj, jev lrñka isák w;r Bg uq,a úh' lshqndkq n,we‚ wdmiq f.kajd .ekSu

bkaÈhdkq iduidOlfhda tlai;a cd;Skaf.a ol=Kq iqvdk fufyjf¾ fiajh lr;s" ol=Kq iqvdkfha fcdka.af,hs m%dka;fha wfldafnda ys§ rd;%S irU olajñka" uqyqK;a msgqj( ^jfï& fldkaf.da m%cd;ka;%jd§ ckrcfha § tlai;a cd;Skaf.a ixúOdk fufyjrl§ bkaÈhdkq n, we‚hl idudðlfhla w¿; msysgqjk ,o fufyhqï mokul uqr ixpdrfha fhfohs ^ol=fKa& ol=Kq iqvdk iduidOlfhda bkaÈhdkq yuqod n, we‚hl flá ld,Sk uqr ixpdrhl fh§ isáh§

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uQ,drïNhka

wrNhd hqoaOh È.yeß‚' wfkla fufyjr fol miq úmrï yd l%shd fufyjr úh' fndiakshd yd y¾if.dúkd tlai;a cd;Skaf.a iduidOl fufyjr" 1995-2002( fuu fufyjf¾ n,m;%h jQfha fndiakshd yd y¾if.dúkdfõ kS;sfha wdêm;Hh ia:dmkfha ,d odhl ùu iïnkaOfhks' m%dfoaYSh fmd,Sish m%;sixialrKh yd m%;sjHqy.;lrKh úIhfhys ,d iyfhda.h oelaùfuka" mj;sk wêlrK moaO;sfha l%shdldÍ;ajh ;lafiare lsÍfuka" iy kS;sh yd iduh kv;a;= lsÍfï fh§ isák fmd,Sish yd ksfhdað;dh;k j, ld¾hidOkh wëlaIKh lsÍfuka yd ú.Kkfhka Bg odhl;ajh oelaúh hq;= úh' 2011 isg fï olajd jk iqvdk fufyjr( miq.sh jif¾ wfma%,a ui§" tlai;a cd;Skaf.a iduidOl fufyjf¾ fh§ isáh§ ol=Kq iqvdkfha ysxik l%shd isÿjk fcdka.af,hs m%dka;fha .=¾uqla n,d .sh idudðlhka 32 lska ieÿï,;a LKavhg t,a, jQ m%ydrfhka bkaÈhdkq yuqod fin¿ka mia fofkla Ôú;laIhg m;a jQy' 2011 cQ,sfha§ tlla fcdka.af,hs j, yd wfkl u,lald,aj, jYfhka n,we‚ follg wh;a 2200 la muK jk yuqod fin¿ka" iqvdk foaY iSudfõ fiajfha fh§ isáhy' 1993-1995 fidaud,shdfõ fojk tlai;a cd;Skaf.a fufyjr( fidaud,shdfõ iduh kej; ia:dmkh lsÍfï tlai;a cd;Skaf.a uQ,drïNhkaf.a fojk wÈhf¾ bkaÈhdj" mdlsia:dkh" Bðma;=j yd lekvdj hk rgj,ska hjk ,o 20000 la fin¿ka yd 8000 la nvq m%jdyk yd isú,a ld¾h uKav, we;=¿ 28000 l msßila fiajfha fh§ isá;s' bkaÈhdfjka ìydrfha udyd¾j, wh iy cela rhs*,a Nghka 2 la iy hdka;%sl mdn, fin¿ka 3 la" wYajdfrdayl fin¿ka 7 la we;=¿ 66 jk iajdêk mdn, n, we‚h fuu fufyjr i|yd iyNd.s úh' tlai;a cd;Skaf.a fhauk ksÍlaIK fufyjr 19631964( foaYh fhaukfhka leã fjkaù hdu;a iu. we;s jqKq 1962 W;=re fhauk hqoaOfha wdrïNh;a iu. tlai;a cd;Ska úiska fuu fufyjr ia:dmkh lrk ,§' 1963 § fi!È wrdìh yd Bðma;=j Bg iïnkaO ùu;a iu. fuu hqoaOh fhaukhg iSud lrk f,i yd wka;¾cd;sl ldrKhla fkdjk ;ekg wjYH lreKq imqrkq jia fuu fufyjr ia:dmkh úh' fuu fufyjr rdcldßhla iu. mjrkq ,eì‚' thska lshejqfKa tlS rgj,a fol tla w;lska .egqu j¾Okh fkdlrk njg ;yjqre lsÍug iy wfkla w;ska l,dmfha jd;djrKh ydkslr ;;a;ajhla olajd mqmqrd fkdhk njg ;yjqre lsÍug wjYH njhs' jirla ;=<§ hqoaOh

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bkaÈhdkq yuqod n, we‚hla iu.ska ol=Kq iqvdk iduidOlfhda ol=Kq iqvdkfha fcdka.af,hs m%dka;fha msfnd¾ ys§ fj<|m, m%foaYfha md uqr ixpdrhla mj;aj;s

ksud jQ kuq;a" ysxik l%shd u;=ù tau je<elaùfï iy fmdfrdkaÿ jQ mßÈ fi!È wrdìh iy Bðma;=j hqoaOfhka bj;aj hdu ;yjqre lsÍug fufyjr wLKavj l%shd;aul lrk ,§' fldkaf.da( bkaÈhdkq iduidOl yuqod Ngfhda jir .Kkdjla mqrd iy oekg;a fldkaf.dafõ ikakoaOh úiska ;=rka lr oeuqKq iduh h<s rg ;=<g meñŒu ;yjqre lrkq ms‚i úfõlhlska f;drj fiajfha fh§ isá;s' fldkaf.dafõ isák bkaÈhdkq n,we‚h jrla mdn, n,we‚ y;rlska" m%ydrl fcÜ n, we‚ ;=klska" fmdÿ ld¾h fy,sfldmag¾ 11 lska iy fidaÈis fy,sfldmag¾ hdkd y;rlska iukaú; úh' Tjqka 24 meh yd Èk 7 fiajhla bgq lrñka cd;sh wdrlaId l<d muKla fkdj j;=r" l%Svd" iy wkd:jQjka kej; mÈxÑ lsÍu jeks myiqlï imqrñka o fiajh lf<ah' fï ish,af,a m%;sM,hla jYfhka" mdn, n, we‚ y;rl 150 l fin¿ka .Kkla" .=jka keõ n, we‚h" fojk uÜgfï frday,a iy yuqod ksÍlaIlhka fldkaf.da yuqod wKfok ks,OdÍ ¨‍;skka ckrd,a ndnld¾ f.a úiska irik ,§'


bkaÈhdkq yuqod n, we‚h ol=Kq iqvdkfha fcdka.af,hs m%dka;fha fufyjf¾§ udkj ysñlï kshduk lafIa;% pdßldjla i|yd wdrlaIdj ;yjqre lrhs

l%shd;aul odhl;ajh ks,a meye ysiajeiqï" wfYdala rhskdf.a jd¾;d Ñ;%mgh ñks;a;= myla mqrdjg" tlai;a cd;Skaf.a iduidOl fufyjrj,§ bkaÈhdkq yuqod yd fmd,sia ks,hkaf.a iyNd.s;ajh ixlaIsma;j jd¾;d.; lrhs' fuu Ñ;%mgh m%fõYùu" ms<s.ekSfï yelshdj" jD;a;ShNdjh iy bkaÈhdkq iduidOl Nghkaf.a jeo.;a lu ms<sn|j ;Èka l:d lrhs' th tlai;a cd;Skaf.a iduidOl fufyjrj,§ bkaÈhdkq n, we‚ iyNd.s jQ wdldrh iy úYsIag Ndjhg meñ‚ wdldrh ms<sn| l:khla iu.ska wdrïN fjhs' wk;=rej th ;¾l iy o;a; ud¾.fhka bkaÈhdkq iduidOl ks,hka iduidOl fufyjrj,§ m%mxpuh jYfhka jeo.;a Ndjhg meñ‚fha wehsoehs hkak meyeÈ,s lrhs' ;jo wk;=rej wjidkfha§ bkaÈhdkq idu m%;sia:dmlfhda rgj,ska meñfKk yuqod wNsnjkh lrk whqre fmkajhs'

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ixialD;sh

lS¾;sOr iQ*s ix.S; jD;a;sl wìod m%ùka hq.,mdo .Shla .hhs" uqid*¾ w,s ijka fhdud isáhs

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wdOHd;auh

fidhd hdu

iQ*sjdofha idrh ieu úgu bkaÈhdj ;=< mej;=Kq w;r th fma%ufha iy w,xldrfha úYaj NdIdfjka l:d lrhs joka fm< ( uqid*¾ w,s

iQ*sjdoh wd;au wNHka;r yd ndysr wjfndaOfha lr.;a ñksiqkah ta' ck;dj wjdoa fj; msúfik l%shdj,shls' Tn wjg iuld,Sk f,dalh iu. úg§" uqyqKq u;ska ms<sìUq jk N+ñh yd;ami mj;sk iïnkaO jk w;r" tys .egqï iy wiu;=,khka woDYHudk /ia j,,a, Tjqka úiska w;a olshs' o ta;a iu.u ÈjHuh wkq.%yfha ms<sìUqjla f,iska ukdj f;dard.kq ,enQ úIhhka mx;shla u.ska fï Tnf.au wd;auh iu. tlaj f.k levm;lska ÿ¾,N m%mxph ks¾jpkh lrk w;r fï ìug n,kakd fia olskafkysh' ;jo fï l%shdj,sh ud¾. jvd;a úfYaIs; yd f,dalfha yd bkaÈhdkq w¾O fhka" wjidkd;aul uejqïldr n,fõ.h iu. oaùmfha wfkl=;a fldgiaj, w,xldr;ajh iu. ;u udkj j¾.hd taldnoaO lrkakd jQ w,xldrfha fidank;ajh fnodyod .kshs' tu.ska wjfndaOfha idrh ú£ug wyxNdjh fkdi,ld yßk ;=,k md,ï f.dvk.k w;r iSududhsïj,ska f;dr ,laIHhlg <Õd jkafkysh' ug kï f,dalhla iy udkj jxYfha tal;ajh fï wjfndaOh iQ*sjdohhs' tu.ska ks¾udKh lrhs' wmf.a meje;afï iQ*sjdofha idka;=jrhkaf.a Ôú; iu.ska Tjqkf.a ÿ¾Nd.Hh kï wd.ka;=l n,mEïj,§ wkd.;h hkq m‚jqv" hgy;aNdjfha iy úmq,;ajfha wmg wmf.a iaùh;ajh wysñùuhs' i;Hh, tal;ajh ldjH iu.ska hful= wdf,dalj;a tys m%;sM,h jkafka wmf.a iqj| wm yd lemùfï Ndjhg muqKqjhs' flfrka wE;aj hdu;a wm lrd f,dalh iodld,sl uf.a fmd;" fld<hla ly meyehg ;,a¨‍ lr tùu;ah' we;a; jYfhkau" ieuÍuhs. yefrhs - wjdoa iQ*sh" .=ma;Ndjfha th wm wmf.a mi ms<s.kakg fmrd;=j ish¨‍u ieureï wjidk m‚jqvhhs' th urKhg fmr wm úiska ms<s.kakd fiiq f,dalfha fuka, tho ñhhduhs' .ilska .s,sfykakg hk ìñ fmfoia fuka jkq we;' kuq;a wkdjrKhla fyda fld<hla mßoafoka .=ma; Ôú;hla wmf.a b,lalh m%dfoaYSh tlla úh oDYHudkNdjh;a Y+kH;ajh lrd hk wjidk .ufka hq;=h' iQ*sjdoh 9-10 Y; j¾I ld,fha§ fkdm;hs wfmalaIdfjka miq fõ' th wjdoa mi ìys jkakg we;ehs lshkq ,efí' ¨‍yqn¢k ,o iy iy meje;afï yd bia,duh hkq bia,duhg fmr mej;s idkqlïms; Ndjfha ixialD;shla ud¾. ish,a,u jk w;r ta iQ*sjdohhs' Y=oaO fhka ieuodgu iqj|j;a l< idka;=jrhska ms<sn|j jQ kì ;=udf.a wkNsnjkSh Ôú;h ;=<ska bia,duh fõ' wjdoa yojf;a kS;sh u.ska úksYaph l< hq;=h' ìys jQ w;r fï ÈjHuh ryiaj, yjq,alre jQ yiard;a ck;dj úiska" n,h w;ay< tfy;a yoj;la ;snQ w,s úiska wo mj;akd wdldrhg iQ*sjdoh úldYkh ñksiqka foúhka f,i ms<s.;ay' fï t¿jkaf.a lsÍug Wmldr lrk ,§' k.rhhs' ó l=,hg wh;a fkdjk ñksiqka fï ìu iQ*sjdofha idrh yeuúgu bkaÈhdj ;=< úh' th úiska uysuhg m;a lrhs" yqfola wd.ñl Ndjh bia,dufha kìjreka úiska w;a ÿgq fma%ufha iqj|hs' fkdj udkj w.hhka iy wdOHd;añlNdjh fmrgq kì;=udf.a lshuklg wkqj bia,duhg mQ¾jfhka

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pdß;%.; iQ*s k¾;kh Ndjkduh wx.hls

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iQ*s msfhl= foúhka fj; hk Tyqf.a udjf;a§ ;u lemlsÍï isysm;a lrñka fyda fufkys lrñka isáh§ Tyqf.a wjOdkh ÈkQ wrdì wl=rla fyda jpkhla l,d;aul w¾: ksrEmKhlska

mej;s yskaÿ ÈYdk;shla mej;s w;r iQ*sjdohgo tfiau úh' fndfyda iQ*s lshuka kì;=udf.a mjq,g wh;a úh' fma%ufha uQ,dY%h fiùu ms<sn| Wreuh fjkqfjka Ôj;a ù fï fijqfï§ bkaÈhdj lrd tk udj; fidhd .kakd ,§' fï iQ*sjreka úiska fkdi,ld yßk ;djld,sl n,hg úreoaO jQ wdOHd;añl .fõIKh ms<sn| ish,a,hs' we;a; jYfhkau" bia,duh wêrdcHhla njg m;aùfï§ yqfiaka úiska f,!lsl úN+;sh m%;slafIam l< w;r wk;=rej meñ‚ ld,smajrhd jQ hdisoa úiska o m%;slafIam lrk ,§' bkaÈhdjg hdug bv fok f,i b,a,d hdisoa úiska wdhdpkhla lf<ah' Tyqf.a b,a,Su bj; ouk ,o w;r l¾nd,d hqoaOfha§ Tyq urKhg m;aúh' ^th isÿjQfha bia,dï Èko¾Ykhg wkqj 680 Tlaf;dan¾ 10 Èk ^61 uqydrï 10& l¾nd,dfõ§h' tu fmfoi j¾;udk brdlhg wh;a fõ& bkaÈhdjg md ;enQ m%:u iQ*sjrhd jQfha ihsâ w,s yqÊjdßh' wk;=rej yiard;a Ljdcd fudhskqoa§ka Ñiaá meñ‚ w;r Tyq fufia ,shd ;eîh( —yqfiaka hkq úYajdihhs" weoys,af,a irKhs Tyq hdisoag ;u ysi ÿka kuq;a leue;a; fkdÿkafkah tksid yqfiaka iodld,sl idlaIsh njg m;aúh foúhka fkdisák kuqÿ foúhka isà'—

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ixialD;sh

fõ.fhka lerflk uqia,sï wd.ñl idudðlfhl=f.a Ñ;%uh ksrEmKhla

iQ*sjrhd" lhs,dYa rdÊ úiska l< lvodis Èhidhï Ñ;%h

iQ*sjdofha wkd.;h hkq i;Hh" tal;ajh yd lemùfï iodld,sl ieuÍuhs' ish¨‍u ieureï fuka" tho wkdjrKhla fyda oDYHudkNdjh;a fkdm;hs' tys w;HjYH idrh ryila f,i mej;Suhs' thska fndreldrhka n, .kajk w;r ienE .fõYlhd" l=,h" f.da;%h fyda wd.ñl weoys,a, fkdi,ld ñksiqkag fma%u lrkakd" fj; le|jhs' thska bkaÈhdkq yrhg wdhdpkhla lrk w;r laI‚lj th úYaùh oyula njg m;a lrhs' fï tys ienE ,laIKhhs' tuksid" wo ojfia iy hq.fha§ thg ujd .ekSfï úIhh m:h blaujd mshd irkakg w;a;gq ;sfí' 2001 § uu iQ*s ix.S;fha cydka-ta-Lqiafrda W;aijh wdrïN lf<ñ' th wNHka;r fiùula fj;ska úldYkh ,enQ w;r .=ma;Ndjfha ldjH;ajh ieuÍug ilia lrk ,oaols' ldYaórfhka iuq.ekSfï igyk ;eîfuka wj;ekaj È,a,shg <Õd ùu weiqßka" ia:dksl ieÕjqKq i;Hh fidhd wjfndaO lr .ekSug ug yels úh' uu foaYmd,k n, l%Svdfõ ksr¾:lNdjh fidhd .;sñ' Lqiafrdag fuka ug tys we;=<; yd msg; .ek yeÕSula we;s úh' uu ldYaórfha m%ikakNdjh oel ;snQ w;r fuu l%Svdfõ f.dÿrla njg m;a ùñ' jydu miqj" wjdoa iy bkaÈhdfõ ish,a,u tjeks hdka;%slNdjhla fjkqfjka hÈñka ;sì‚' wirK ck;djf.a m%y¾Ifha wNHka;ßl f,dalhla mej;s nj;a th wkdjrKh l< hq;=j yd wdlD;shla ,eìh hq;=j mej;s nj;a wjfndaO ùug mgka f.k ;sì‚' ;jo th cydka-ta-Lqiafrdaj úh' wmf.a Ôú; .ufka wd;añl lvbuls ta' fï jif¾§" foaYmd,k wúksYaÑ;Ndjh ksid thg miqnEfï iajNdjhla tla ù ;sfí' ug úYajdihs th kej;;a ;snQ ;rug jvd úYd,j yd úN+;su;aj ke.S isàú th ck;djf.a yoj;aj, uq,a nei ;sfnk ksidfjka' ish,a,gu;a jeäfhka" th wd;aufha úN+;sh iurhs' l;Djrhd bkaÈhdkq Ñ;%mg ks¾udK lrefjls" ú,dis;d ie,iqïlrefjl=o lúfhl=o Ñ;% Ys,amsfhl=o fõ

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wìod m%ùka cydka-ta-Lqiafrda ix.S; W;aijfha m%idx.sl bÈßm;a lsÍul

L,S,a uqyïuoa bnka yika f.a m¾ishdkq ;reud,sudj l=rdk isxydik mohla ord isà

iQ*s êl¾ N%uKh -foúhka isys lsÍfï" wdlD;shls

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ixialD;sh

N%uKh jk uqia,sï wd.ñl idudðlfhl= iQ*s ix.S; W;aijh jk cydka-ta-Lqiafrda ys k¾;khl fhfoñka

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iQ*sjdofha .=ma;uh .uk

wkqj ,nd .;a lreKq tys we;=<;a úh' tneúka" bkaÈhdkq iQ*sjdoh u,a orkakg úh' bia,dï iQ*s" kd:f.a fhda.Ska" fn!oaOhka yd yskaÿ .=ma;hka w;r woyiaj, yd mqreÿ mqyqKq lsÍïj, yria ms<sis§ï we;s jkakg úh' iQ*s ksldhla jk Ñiaá w;HjYHfhkau bkaÈhdkq tlls' 9 jk ishjfia m%Odk iQ*s uOHia:dkhla jQ j¾;udk we*a>ksia:dkhg wh;a ÑiaÜ k.rfhka wdrïNh ,en fuys meñ‚fhah' iuyr jd¾;dj,g wkqj" Ljdcd fudhskqoa§ka Ñiaá iQ*sjdofha jvd;au iudrïNl foaYlhd oelaulg wkqj fufyhfjñka ,dfyda¾ lrd meñ‚fhah' Ljdcd wd.ñl ix.S;fha ksmqKfhl= jQ w;r l=gqnqoa§ka ldls ^uqia,sï iQ*s .=ma;fõÈfhls& È,a,sjreka w;r idud mqyqKqj ia:dmkh lf<ah' tneúka" ix.S;h iy .=ma; ldjH Ydia;%h iQ*sjdofha wdrïNfha mgkau tald;añl úh' th bkaÈhdkq iajdr iy jdoH ix.S;fha wNHka;r wdOHd;aujdoh ms<s.kakd ,§'

bx.%Sis úoajf;l= jk frfkda,aâ ta ksfld,aikag wkqj" m%Odk NdId ;=fkkau" tkï ;=¾ls" wrdì yd m¾ishdkq" iQ*sjdoh bia,dufha .=ma; wdOHd;añljdoh ksfhdackh lrhs' fndfyda bkaÈhdkq Ydia;%jka;hkag th" iuia; udkj j¾.hdf.a .=ma; m%ldYkh ksfhdackh lrhs' wrdì uqyqÿ fjf<kaoka úiska bkaÈhdfõ u,nd¾ fjr< ;Srhg bia,duh m<uqfjkau y÷kajd ÿka w;r wk;=rej iskaoa lrd iïfma%IKh úh' miqj wrdì wdl%u‚lhka úiska ol=Kq mkacdnfha uq,a;dkaj,g y÷kajd fokq ,eì‚' 1035 §" fIhsla w,s yqÊùß" wiSñ; ksOdkfha odhlhd f,i f.!rhg md;% úh' ÈjHuh wKg lSlre fjñka we*a>ksia:dkfha >diakd isg ,dfydarh olajd <Õd ùug Tyq lghq;= lf<ah' iQ*sjdoh w¾: olajñka Tyq m<uq w;afmd; rpkd lf<ah' th" ldYa*a w,auqcdí kï úh' m¾ishdkq NdIdfõ wrdì uQ,dY%hkag

wkq.%yh( yQ( iQ*s ud¾.h" 4 jk fj¿u" mkacdnfha iQ*sjreka

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ixialD;sh

bka§h rx.N+ñfha

kj uqyqKqjr

kj;u bkaÈhdkq Wmk;Ska je<| .ksñka wjOdkh fidrd .ekSug fuu l,d;aul ffY,sh yeu w;skau ieliS we; joka fm< ( k§rd iyS¾ nínd¾

70 .Kkaj," bka§h w.kqjr jk È,a,sfha cd;sl kdgH mdief,ka ud msg ù hk wjia:dfõ §" jD;a;Sh rx. Yd,dj ;u lghq;= fyd¢ka bgq fkdl<dh' ta fya;=fjka Èú /l=u i|yd wmg fjkia / lshdj, kshqla; ùug isÿ úh' iuyr úg uq¿ Yd,dfõu .yKh neÆ l< fõÈldj u; isá msßi fma%laIld.drfha isá msßig jvd jeä úh' ld,h .; fjoa§ foaj,a fjkia ù ;sfí' wo" ck;dj fõÈld kdgH keröug wdYd lrkjd muKla fkdj" rx. odhl lKavdhï Èß .ekaùfïo w.h lsÍfï o fh§ isá;s' jirlg ckm%sh rÕy,l fjka lr .ekSï

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;=kla ,nd .ekSu jeählau wiSre ldrKhla ù ;sfí' yeu Èklu ngysr bkaÈhdfõ oyia .Kkla ck;dj k¿jka ùfï wNs,dIfhka uqïndhs lrd we§ tk w;r Tjqkg ;u yelshdjka fmkaùug we;s taldhk ud¾.h fõÈldj ù ;sfí' we;a; jYfhkau" fõÈld k¿jka fuys§ ;ks lKavhï idod .ksñka wjidkh ols;s' uqïndhs kqjr fõÈld oiqk b;d lïmkhg m;ajk iq¿h' ck;dj uy;a Wkkaÿ we;sfhda idkqlïms;j fõÈldjg wkq.%yh olaj;s' uqïndhs yS fma%laIld.dr ljodj;a ysia fkdfõ' È,a,sj, fuh ta wdldrfhka isÿ fkdfõ' È,a,s rÕy, fmdÿ ck;d


bkaÈhdkq ì%;dkH WmfoaYl iNdj u.ska ixúOdkh l< jika;fha ueo rd;%Shl isyskhla ;=<ska bkaÈhdj iïmQ¾Kfhka kejqï fõÈld NdIdjla .fõIKh l<dh

“bkaÈhdkq fõÈld kdgHh ;=< j¾Okfha me;s folla fõ-- ckm%shNdjh yd ld¾hfha .=Kd;aulNdjhhs' rg mqrd fõÈld kdgH W;aij jeä lrñka" Yd,d msg; È.= fmda<sï" oekaùï mqjre iy m¾fhaIKd;aul jev-fï ish,a, oelSu i;=gq Wmojhsˮ lS¾;s cdhska" m%ùk rx. odhl yd bkaÈhdkq cd;sl kdgH mdief,a ysgmq wOHlaI

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ixialD;sh

k§rd iyS¾ nínd¾ úiska rpkd lr wOHlaIKh lrk fha ydhs uqïndhs fuß cdka kdgHfha o¾Ykhla

wkq.%yh ,nkafka wvqfjks' kuq;a È,a,sh i;= tla th wmg k.rfha fõÈldj .ek oelaula f.k iqúfYaI jdishla kï" Ndr; rx. ufyda;aijhhs' fokakg iu;a úh' we;a; jYfhkau" ta wjia:dfõ cd;sl kdgH mdie, u.ska jd¾Islj ixúOdkh wmo wmf.a kdgHhla bÈßm;a lrk ,§' rÕy, lrk" th f,dalfha kka foiska Wkkaÿfjka msß fma%laIl iuQyhlska rx. odhl lKavdhï È,a,sh lrd mßjdr ,oafoah¦ m%fõYm;a ,nd .; f.k ths' fï wjia:dfõ kdgH Yd,d kqyqKq fndfydafofkla msg; /£ isákq ixúOdhlfhda uq¿ukskau msÍ b;sÍ hhs' olakg ,eì‚' fuu.ska fmkajkafka oeka oeka rx. l=vd k.r j,g lSug we;af;a wdl,am ienúkau fjkilg n÷ka ù odhlhka i|ydo fjkia l;dka;rhls' ie,lsh hq;= we;s njhs' fyd|u myiqlï ;rñka" tajdfha fõÈldj fyd¢ka ld,h iu.ska fjkia jQ ;j iemhSug iQodkï ckm%sh fõ' uE;l§" rdhsmQrfha fohla fõ" tkï fõÈldj flfrys ù isá;s. ta ^pdáia.d¾& rx. odhl lKavdhulska we;s f.!rjhhs' fuys§" uu o Tjqka rEmjdyskS ug iïudkhla ,enq‚' fuh ug ugu iïudkh mqo lr .ksñ' wmg ;rej,g i,lk msßkuk ,oafoa wjqreÿ 84 la jhie;s rx.khla i|yd werhqï ,enqKq yeu wdldrfhkauh ysgmq nexl= ks,Odßfhl= úisks' ta wjia:djl§u" wms fyd| m%jdyk rx. odhsldjla jQ Tyqf.a Èjx.; myiqlï" fyd| wdydr" iy msßiqÿ yd Nd¾hdj wkqiaurKh lsÍï jYfhks' §¾> f,i fhda.H fydag,a iy uf.a lKavdhug jdyk i|yd W;aij iNdj wu;ñka ta uy;d mejiQfha rdhsmQrfha ;Èka .;= lshd isáfhuq' l<ska fuu myiqlï fõÈldj w;a lr f.k we;s j¾Okh .ekhs' jH;sf¾lhla jQ kuq;a oeka kï idudkH fohla

“fõÈld kdgH i;s wka;fha úfkdaodiajdo úl,amhla f,i ckm%sh fjñka mj;skjd' rx. Yd,d jeä ÈhqKq fjñka mj;skjd'''th uq¿ukskau mqkreohlaˮ ù¾ odia" bka§h Ñ;%mg k¿ yd m%yik Ys,amS

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frdiagka wdfn,a wOHlaIKh l< Tf;f,da ys o¾Ykhla

“bkaÈhdkq fõÈld kdgHh wo ojfia lïmkSh yd WfoHda.su;a biõjla' miq.sh wjqreÿ 20 § id.r fjkila olakg ,efnkjd" m¾fhaIK nyq, ù ;sfnkjd' wms oeka wduka;%Kh lrkafka msreKq fma%laIld.drhlg' úYd, iudc ms<s.ekSula ;sfnkjd¦ mjqf,a iyfhda.h we;sj .eyeKq <uqka iyNd.s fjkjd' l<ska" fõÈld kdgHh úfkdaodxYhla jQ kuq;a oeka Yla;su;a jD;a;Sh úl,amhla' tu.ska hful=g ;udf.a wNsm%dh wkq.ukh lrkakg bv ,efnkjd' th mdie,a úIhhla f,i y÷kajd § ;sfnkjdˮ wrúkaoa .jq¾" m%ùk bkaÈhdkq rx.k Ys,amS

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ixialD;sh

fha ydhs uqïndhs fuß cdka ys o¾Ykhla

lS¾;su;a bkaÈhdkq rpl uqkaIs fma%updkaoa f.a .nka kdgHh" wOHlaIKh iqf¾kaø I¾ud úisks' kjÈ,a,sfha Y%S rdï uOHia:dk Y%jKd.drfha§

fuu ,smsh iu. iïnkaê; Ñ;%mgh keröug Tnf.a iphone/Android Wmdx.h u;g ARplay nd.; lrf.k fuu msgqj ialEka lrkak'

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njg m;a ù we;' ixúOdhlfhda oeka oeka rx. odhlhka i|ydo fyd|u myiqlï iemhSug iQodkï ù isá;s' ta Tjqka rEmjdyskS ;rej,g i,lk wdldrfhkauh' fõÈld kdgHh oeka bkaÈhdkq ck;djf.a Ôjk ú,difha fldgila ù ;sfí' tfukau" th ;jÿrg;a ldka;dj i|yd ;yxÑhla f,i fkdie,fla' l<lg by;§ wms ixo¾Ykhla i|yd W;a;¾ m%foaYa ys w,yndoa fj; .sfhuq' rx.k we÷ï udre lsÍï ld¾hh kshqla;j isá .eyeKq <uhdg mjqf,a yÈishla ksidfjka hdug isÿ ù ;snq‚' ixo¾Ykh i|yd we;af;a mehl muK ld,hls' ud mrK YsIHhka lsysm fofkl=f.ka úuid k.rfhka fjk;a wfhla fhdod .ekSug udk ne¨‍fjka ñks;a;= lsysmhl§ Tjqka fjk;a .eyeKq <ufhla le|jd wdfõh' wehg wmf.a ld, ixfõ§ wdjYHl;d .ek fyd| wjfndaOhla ;snq‚' wehg isÿj ;snqfKa ;;amr lsysmhl§ fõÈld we÷ï udre ;=kla lsÍughs' weh úYsIag fiajhla l<dh' weh rd;%S 10 g wdmiq .sfha" wmf.a ld¾hh wjika lr ;snqKq úg§h' tfukau weh isáfha ;ksjuh' wehg wdrlaIdjg ljqre;a ldka;djla isáfha ke;' Èk bl=;aj hoa§ mshjreka yd ifydaorhka ;reK .eyeKq <uqkaf.a th ;jÿrg;a ldka;dj ;kshg meñŒug mqreÿ jQ w;r fuh i|yd ;yxÑhla f,i fõÈldfõ muKla fkdj fjk;a / fkdie,fla’ Èk bl=;aj lshdj,§o olakg ,enq‚' hoa§ mshjreka yd bkaÈhdkq fõÈld oiqk ienúkau ifydaorhka rd;%Shg fjkia ù ;sfí' iuyrúg" iÔú jev lrk ;reK ixo¾Ykhl ksrfmalaI úkaokh .eyeKq <uqkaf.a ;kshg iEu wfhlaju wdl%uKh lr meñŒug mqreÿ úh we;sjd jeksh'

k§rd iyS¾ nínd¾ m%lg bkaÈhdkq rx.k YsmamS ilia lf<a fkydßld ud;+¾ isxyd

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tkak" weúÈkak"

w;aolskak yskaÿ oyuiuia;hla f,i ljrdldr jkafkao hkak fmkaùug wlkalaYd fcdaYs úiska ndr .;a .ukla jk yskaÿ wuD;h - Y=oaO bkaÈhdfõ ießiereï" úfoaY lghq;= wud;HdxYfha fmdÿ rdcH ;dka;%sl uQ,drïNhls f,dj mqrd ck;djg tys tkakehs" Ôj;a jkakehs" wkdjrKh lr .kakehs bkaÈhdj fm<Uùula lrkakSh' yskaÿ wuD;h Y=oaO bkaÈhdfõ ießiereï" wlkalaYd fcdaYs f.a Ñ;%mgh" Èh‚hla wef.a udmshka iu. lrk ixjdohls" iodld,sl;ajh iy úYaùh;djh wkdjrKh lsÍu ms‚i jk .ukls' Y=oaO .x.d kÈfha bjqrg fcdaYsf.a iïm%dma;sh;a iu. Ñ;%mgh wdrïN fõ' ñks;a;= 49 la È.= fï Ñ;%mgh bkaÈhdfõ oiqka w,xldrh fmkajñka" bkaÈhdkq wdOHd;añlNdjfha yoj; lrd hk" wdOHd;añl iqjm;a lrkakka fukau fmdÿ ck;dj iu. ixjdo iu.ska úiqrejd yefrk —.ukls—' .x.d" l÷YsLr" jkdka;r yd f,ka w;ßka ysud,fha isg bkaÈhdkq w¾Ooaùmh lrd .uka lrñka" weh yskaÿ oyfï ienE wre;a fidhd .ekqug weoys,slrejka fndfydfofkla uqK .efikakSh' tla tla ixjdohla u.ska wef.a Ôú; ld,h uq¿,af,a mqreÿ mqyqKq l< pdß;% jdß;%j, .eUqre wre;a fidhd

.kakSh' ta weh wef.a uq¿ Ôú;fha§u fidhd meñ‚ w¾:hka f.dkakhs' wef.a <ud ld,fha isg wid ;snQ l;dkaor f;areï .ekSug wE .kakd W;aidyfha ms<sìUqjla fï is;=jï mgfha ths' kuq;a bka t<shg wefokafka bkaÈhdfõ w;HjYH idrhhs' —l%sia;= mQ¾j 3000 ld,fha§ ,sheù we;s fõofha b.ekaùï" wog mjd i;Hh ord isáhS"— 20 wjqreÿ úfha§ iamd[a[fhka fuys meñK jir 40 la f.jQ *%ekaisiaflda mjihs' Tyq jhi 15 § lshejQ N.j;a .S;dj wkqj hñka bkaÈhdj flfrys ne|.;a wdorh iy Tyqf.a úm¾hdih úia;r lrhs' —yskaÿ oyfï jvd;a w,xldrj;a me;slv kï tla fmd;la" tla foúfhla" tla weoys,a,la fkdmej;Suhs' th fldhs fohla kuq;a iEufohlau je<| .kshs'— Tyq mjihs' fcdaYs l,d wOHlaIjrhdo ixialdrljrhdo jk fï lD;sfha l%shdldÍ ixialdrl iy ksIamdol jkafka rdÔõ fïyafrda;%d h' úOdhl ksIamdol f,i ;=,Sld Y%Sjia;djd lghq;= lr we;'

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laI‚l fiahd is;=jï

uy lE|e;a;df.a iqúfYaIS YÍr m%udKh iy j¾Khka fya;=fjka W! fndfyda f.da;%sl ixialD;Skaf.a iy bka§h pdß;%j, jeo.;a i,l=Kla njg m;a ù we;

fï jk .ykska

msß f,dalhhs uqÿudf,hs" kd.¾fydaf,a" jhkdoa yd ndkaÈmQ¾ cd;sl WoHdk iy wNhN+ñ j, iuyr ÿ,n yd iqkaor i;a;aj úfYaIhkaf.a oelSï ud;%hka

BANDIPUR NATIONAL PARK

PdhdrEm ( rdul%sIaK Y%Sksjdika iy ßYS ndÊmdhs NAGARHOLE NATIONAL PARK

MUDHUMALAI NATIONAL PARK

WAYANAD WILDLIFE SANCTUARY

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fudKrd" bkaÈhdfõ cd;sl mlaIshd" mQ¾K úN+;sfhka hqla; wjia:djla

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laI‚l fiahd is;=jï

kd.¾fydaf,a ys§ PdhdrEm Ys,amshdf.a ldphg Èúhl=f.a Rcq ne,au fhduq jQ fudfyd;la

isxy flaYr ueflda ngysr .d;a ys ol=Kq fmfoiska muKla yuq fõ

ufyaYdlH w,xldrh( bkaÈhdkq fldáhd

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.jrd fkdfyd;a bkaÈhdkq l=¿yrld ;ju;a úoHudk úYd,;u .j úfYaIhhs


i¾j NlaIl ksYdprhd- f,dl= mshdUk ÿUqre f,akd

l¿ iy ;eô,s ueisudrd fnfyúkau yuqjkafka Wia ;eks ìïj,§h

iqÿ Worh iys; fldÜfgdarejd .x.dY%s; u< jDlaI wdY%s;j leo,s ;ekSug reÑhla olajhs

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laI‚l fiahd is;=jï

w¿jka ;srdislhd u,a me‚ j,ska fmdaIKh fjhs

u,nd¾ w¿jka lE|e;a;d uy yçka lrk fllrh;a iskdfik weu;=u;a ksid m%lgh

,xld l,mq niaid bkaÈhdfõ§ yuqjk ÿ¾,nu mlaIs m%fNaohls

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ks,a.sß jrdálald wk;=rl§ my< .ia lrd mshdUkakg keUqre fjhs


msßñ ks,a ÿïfndkakd wNsckk ld,fha§ lrKï .eiSug m%sh lrhs

;s;auqjd lS¾;sfha yd w,xldrfha i,l=Kls

uehs-cqks 2014

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laI‚l fiahd is;=jï

bkaÈhdkq w,sfhla .x.djla winv ilaukg tla fjhs" th ukdmh ÈkQ mqreoaol

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Èÿ,k j¾Kfhka hq;a fIdaÜúka uOHu m%udKfha lDñ NlaIl mlaIsfhls

uy iqÿ fldld Wf.a ly meye;s fm|h iy l¿ mdo ksid;a y÷kd.; yelsh

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iudf,dapkh

ffO¾hh yd

wêIaGdkh

rEmSh mqia;lhla jk —bkaÈhdkq ldka;dj"— foaYfha jvd;au iïNdjkSh ldka;djka lsysm fofkl=f.a úÑ;%j;a ux fm;a Ñ;%Kh lrhs joka fm< ( fIdajdkd kdrdhka

bkaÈhdkq .eye‚h ms<sn| m%;HlaIh úúO jQ o úreoaOdNdihkaf.ka .yK jQo tlls' wmf.a kdkd cd;sl bkaÈhdkq iudcfha ixialD;sl woyia" ixfla;" m%;sudkhka iy jákdlï fï m%;srEmh ks¾udKh lsÍfï ,d w;sYh jeo.;a N+ñldjla ksrEmKh lrhs' tajdhska ,sx. úfYaIS N+ñldjka f.a úfNaokh fmdaIKh lsÍu o lrkq ,nhs' weh Ndr; ud;djhs' weh ud;D;ajfha iy m;sks jD;fha uQ¾;shhs' oy kjjk ishjfia hqfrdamSh úoaj;=ka úiska weh y÷kd .kq ,enQfha jvd;au m;sjD;dOdÍ iy jvd;au mdßY=oaO f,isks' iïu;hg úreoaOj hñka" weh m%dfhda.sl Ôú;hg jvd ,shú,af,a § Wiia ;;a;ajhla w;aolskakSh' mqrd;k bkaÈhdfõ weh úiska w;a olskq ,enQ iudkd;au;dj" n,h iy ;sru uOH;k hq.fha id¾:lNdjh;a iu.u yÈisfha lvd jeá‚' ienE Ôú;fha§" weh ia;%S Ndjh fya;=fjkau fjkia fldg i<lkq ,eì‚' Tjqk;ßka fndfydafofkl=f.a wOHdmkh iy /lshd wjia:djka mjq, úiskau m%;slafIam lrk ,§' foaYSh l=gqïNhkays§" fï orejka jok hka;%fha ;;a;ajh iy iqrlaIs;;dj weh msßñ orejl= ksIamdokh lf,a kïu ;yjqre úh' kuq;a tjeks W,a,x>khka" fmdÿ l%shdud¾. iy fiajd ia:dk l%shd ;ykï lrkakd jQ kS;sfha m%;smdok fkdi,ld yßñka weh ¥IKfha" jo ysxidfõ iy ,sx.sl ysxikfha f.dÿrlao jQjdh' fuu miqìug tfrysj" fndfyda .eyeKqkaf.a ksrfmalaI wNsm%dh" ffO¾hh" wêIaGdkh iy ù¾hh jkafka w.;s.dó ufkda úys;Skaf.a ú,x.= iy wd¾Ól wjdisodhlhka lvd ì| oeóu;a ish;a iqjodhl ia:dkhla ilia lr .ekSu;a fõ' bkaÈhdkq ldka;dj kue;s mqia;lh" úfoaY lghq;= wud;HdxYfha fmdÿ rdcH ;dka;%sl wdrïNhla jk w;r" fYdaì;a wd¾hdf.a ks¾udKd;aul mßY%ufha

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bkaÈhdj ÈkQ ldka;dfjda( .dhsld ,;d uxf.aYald¾" jHjidhsld lsrdka uiQïod¾ fIda" nexl=ldߌ khskd ,d,a lsoajdhs iy fndlaisx l%Säld fïß fldï

w,SId wíÿ,a,d" bkaÈhdfõ fõ.j;au ldka;d mdmeÈ Y+ßh

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iudf,dapkh moaud nkafvdamdoHdhs .=jka yuqod ffjoH fiajdj fufyhjQjdh' weh f,dalfha m%:u thd¾ ud¾I,ajßh f,i fiajhg tla fjñka b;sydi .; jQjdh

m%;sM,hla o ßld wksreoa f.a ixialrKhlao fõ' tu.ska ;ukaf.a ia;%S Ndjh fya;=fjkau iyk fyda wfkl=;a ldrKduh wkqlïmdjla n,d fmdfrd;a;= fkdù l%shdlr úYsIag m%;sM, w;alr .;a ldka;djka lsysm fofkl=f.a Ôjk wr., fj;g wjOdkh fhduq lrjhs' Tjqka ;u jD;a;Sh lafIa;%j,§ mqreIhka iu. Wfrka Wr .efgñka ;rÕ lr w¿;a ks¾Kdhl .Kkdjla ieliqï lsÍug odhl jQjkah' fldgia ;=klg fn§ we;s fï .%ka:fha ldka;djka 32 la tkï" iEu .eye‚hlau uu fjñ - 10" iEu .eyekshlau wehhs- 11 yd weh iEu .eye‚hla ;=<u isà- 11 wd§ jYfhka úfYaIx.SlrKhg ,la lrkq ,en we;' úfYaIKhg md;% jk fndfyda ldka;dfjda ;u odhl;ajh úYaùh ixo¾Nhla ;=< m;=rejd Æ ld,hla mqrd iy kej; kej;;a f.!rj ,enQ m%lg kduhka fj;s' úúO jQ wfkl=;a lafIa;%j, f,dj ÈkQjka iy mqfrda.dóka isák nj y÷kd .ekSu hk idOlh ie<ls,a,g .kakd w;r;=r Tjqka ish,a, .ek úia;r fuys we;=,;a lsÍu ms<sn| fkdyelshdj fmkajd foñka" f;dard .ekSfï ms<sfj; iïnkaOfhka ;;= fy<s lsÍu iqlr hhs udf.a yeÕSu fõ' Wm-mßÉfþo ;%s;ajfhys YS¾I úYaùh i;Hhka fõ' —mqoa.,hd kshu wjia:dfõ kshu ia:dkfhys isáh hq;= fõ— hk mqrd;k lshuk iudkdldrfhkau i;H fõæ meyeÈ,sju W;aidyh w;a fkdyßk wêIaGdkh" m%h;akh" ohdjka;Ndjh iy idkqlïms; .=Kh wkqj" iudkdldrfhkau i;H fkdfn,a ;Hd.,dNS f;f¾id uõ;=ñh

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,;d uxf.aYald¾ .S .hk úg ;uka .hk fõÈldjg .re lsÍula f,i mdjyka fkdm<¢hs

jkafka wjia:djka tajdfha ud¾.fha .uka l< hq;= w;r y÷kd .; hq;=j mj;sk njhs' WodyrK lsysmhla kï" 1982 § f;acdka ndhs f.a m%h;akhka ms<sìUq l< bkaÈhd W;aijh iy relauŒ foaú wrekafoa,a f.a W;aidyhka ms<sìò flfrk foajodiS flgqïm; bj;a lsÍfï wjÈh ms<sn| iudc rpkd ld¾hh mdßißl le<öu hs' fïjd Tjqkf.a ld¾hh ú.%y iq.u NdIdjlska flfrk rpkd ;=<ska oelaùug yelshdj ,enqKq jk w;r w;r tajd Tjqkf.a ld¾hfhys ,d W;afma%rl f,i mdGlhdg l%shd;aul úh' f;dr;=re rpkd ld¾hh iq.u NdIdjlska jk w;r ,nd foñka mdGlhdg f;dr;=re ,nd foñka Tjqkf.a wjOdkh Èkd .ekSug ld¾h kshqla; fjhs' tajd Tjqkf.a m%ia;=;.;hkaf.a pß;hka idkqlïms;j j¾Kj;a wjOdkh Èkd lrk w;r wjysr fkdmeñKùfï nqoaêu;a .ekSug ld¾h W;afma%rlhla meyeÈ,s lr fohs' jYSldrl PdhdrEm kshqla; fjhs iu.ska .%ka:h ukd fia ie,iqï lr ;sîu olakg ,efí' fmdf;a m%udKh yd msgqj, yd uqøKfha .=Kd;aul Ndjh .ek i|yka fkdlru neßh' fuu .%ka:h úfYaIfhkau ;dreKHh ms<sn|j i,ld n,k l< wkq.%yd;aul tlla jkq ksielh'

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rÑldj m%lg l;la k¾;k Ys,amskshls" moau Y%S iïudkfhka iy ix.S;a kdgla welvñ iïudkfhka msÿï ,nd we;

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iudf,dapkh

fn!oaO msh

igyka

fnfkdahs fla fn,a, Tyqf.a ;sín; nqÿoyfï bkaÈhdkq uQ, kï jd¾;d Ñ;%mgh ;=<ska fï bkaÈhdkq o¾Ykjdofha .uka u. Tiafia msh k.hs joka fm< ( ,laIaó nd,l%sIaKka

;sín;fha idmrdka.a yS .=f.a ud,s.fha wjfYaIhka

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iudf,dapkh 1991 § uydrdIag% m%dka;fha Trka.dndoa Èia;%slalfha wcka;d f,ka wdY%s; ufyaYdlH yd úiauh ckl is;=jï .%yKh lsÍfï m<uq W;aidyfhka wjqreÿ úis ;=klg miqj" Ydia;%{ yd l,d b;sydi{ fnfkdahs fla fn,a kej; j;djla fn!oaO l;dka;rh l:kh lrhs' ;sín; nqÿoyfï bkaÈhdkq uQ, kï Tyqf.a jd¾;d Ñ;%mgh" bka§h rcfha úfoaY lghq;= wud;HdxYh úiska bÈßm;a lrk fmdÿ rdcH ;dka;%sl uQ,drïNhls' fn,a úiska ;sr rpkh fldg wOHlaIKh lrk ,o fuu jd¾;d Ñ;%mgh" úkdä 49 la mqrdjg" ìyd¾ m%dka;fha nqoaO.hdfjka mgka f.k nqÿoyfï j¾Okh iy o¾Ykh .uka u. Tiafia msh .ekSug f,dalh yryd ixpdrh lrñka wm /f.k hhs' Ñ;%mgh u.ska úYd, N+ñ fmfoila wdjrKh lrhs" nqoaO.hdfjka mgka f.k kd,kaod" idrdkd;a" l¾Kdglfha isg wrekdp,a m%foaYa ys iamsá olajd" ,dvdla iy ;sín;h lrd nqÿoyfï msh igyka u. Tiafia hhs' fu ish¨‍u isoaOia:dk rEm .; lrk Ñ;%mgh oDYHuh wdl¾IKhlg ta ish,a, tla lrhs' fnfkdahs fï Ñ;%mgfha y~k¿j o lrhs" Bg wjYH flfrk ikaiqka iajrh imhhs' ft;sydisl miqìula imhñka iy nqÿoyfï úúO ksldhka ms<sn|j uykais ù fidhd .ksñka" fï Ñ;%mgh o¾Ykhka iy yqol,d ùug jvd tys j¾Okh ms<sn| ikao¾Nh ;=< ;sín; nqÿoyu — ngysr ;sín;fha f;da,ska.a wdY%ufha weáid uqr,a

bkaÈhdfõ, ìyd¾ m%dka;fha kd,kaod wdY%u úYaj úoHd,hh

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ìydrfha meÜkd fl!;=ld.drfha l,dlD;shla

keröug— rislhdg Wmldr lrhs' ft;sydisl úiska mqrdK .=rel=, wdY%s;j msysgqjd we;s ;sín; kd,kaod úYaj úoHd,h jd¾;d Ñ;%mgh ;=< jeo.;a wdY%uj, jeo.;alu myod fohs' ta w;r fï Tjqkag ia:dkhla fidhd .kshs' mqrd;k oekqï iïNdrh ;u uq,a .=rejrhd ,enqKq —ia:dkhhs—' Ñ;%mgfha olsk" fn,a ;u W;aidyh" bkaÈhdfõ tla Woa§ma; wjia:djla kï" o,hs mqreÿ mqyqKq lrk ,o nqÿoyfï uq,au ,dud iy wfkl=;a fn!oaO kdhlhka Ñ;%mgh u.ska ojia iu. ;sín; nqÿoyfï j¾;udk iu. iïuqL idlÉPd jdrhhs' uQ,sl úYd, N+ñ mßph ixikaokh lsÍu flfrys fn!oaO m%fõYfha isg ;sín; nqÿoyu fmfoila fhduq lrhs' jd¾;d Ñ;%mgfha § flf¾ bkaÈhdkq odhl;ajh olajd" wdjrKh lrhs, fnfkdahs f.a iajr .; lsÍu mßÈ" uy;a iïNdrh;a nqoaO.hdfjka —§ma;su;a nqoaêuh Ñka;kh iy fuu.ska wdjrKh lr ;sfí' o,hs mgka f.k ixjdofha yd ;¾lkfha foaY.=Kh— ,dud úiska bkaÈhdj iu. mj;sk kd,kaod, iy kd,kaodfõ mej;=Kq w;r ta wdldr §¾> iïnkaOh idrdxY lrkafka ;sín;h lrd o¾Ykhka ìys jkakg fya;= úh' fufiah" —;sín;fha wms" Tnf.a nqÿoyfï msh jd¾;d Ñ;%mgh u.ska ld,fha idrh ^bkaÈhdkq .=rejreka& úYajdiodhS igyka u. iy kd,kaod" úl%uYS,d" fidaumQrd wkq.dñlhka fjuq' .=rejrekaf.a Tiafia hhs iy ´odka;amQÍ úYaj úoHd, ;=, N+ñfha§" nqoaO O¾uh fï ld, l%shd;aul jqKq fmdfydi;a oekqï mßÉfþofha WÉpdjpkhka úYd, yqjudrej .%yKh lr .kshs' kd,kaod ms<sn| m%udKhla w;aúkaod' wms" Tnf.a wkq.dñlhka" Y; fï wjOdkh" Ñ;%mgh mqrdjgu" iuyr úg u. j¾I .Kkdjla mqrd Tnf.a oekqu mj;ajd .;a;d' yeÍ ke;af;auh' o,hs ,dud o we;=¿j m%ùKhka tksid wmf.a iïnkaO;dj yßu wkkHhs' —

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ixpdrh

ir,ju

fkdls<sáhs

bka§hdfõ wkaouka ¥m;aj, rdOdk.¾ ys§" ixpdrlfhl= wdYajdi lsÍugj;a weis,a,la fkd,nkafka Tyq iajNdj fi!kao¾hfhka yd Èh hg l%shdldrlï j,ska wdila; jk neúks joka fm< ( iq;dmd uql¾Ô

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mÉp yd wjßh ksf,ka hq;a iuqÿre ;Srfhka iy iquqÿ l=vq je,af,ka hq;a fjr<ska iqieÈ rdOdk.¾ Tn iu. flá ld,hla .; lrk w;f¾ Tn tys md ;nkjd;a iu.u Tnj fjku f,dalhlg /f.k hkjd muKla fkdfõ' ;=kS úiauhlska wk;=rej ghsï iÕrdj úiska th f,dalfha fyd|u fjr< f,i 2004 § m%ldYhg m;a l< w;r Bg fya;= mdG f,i i|yka jQfha je,af,a .=Kd;auh iy j¾Kh;a wfkl=;a mrdñ;Skag by<ska jecUqKq uqyqfoa .eUqr;a hk idOlhs' rdOdk.¾ fjr<" yeõf,dla ¥mf;a

wxl 7 fjr< f,io ye¢kafjk w;r" yeõf,dla ¥m; uyd wkaouka ¥m;g kef.kysßka msysá ¥m;a odufhka ieÈ ßÖf.a fldfoõ /fia úYd,;u ¥m; o fõ' f,dalfha jvd;au l;dnyg ,la jQ fjr<j,ska tlla jk fuh fj; msúiSu wiSre ldrKhla fkdfõ' fndfyda ixpdrlhka *Skslaia fndlal ceáfhka yeõf,dla lrd hdug lÜgurula ,nd .kS' yeõf,dla ys ceáhla olajd hdug .;jkafka meh tl yudrla ;rï ld,hls' fï ¥m; pkaø jxlhl yevh .;a tlla jk w;r iuqÿre ;Srh

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ixpdrh

by< jfï isg Trf,daiq uqyqKf;a Èidjg( m%‚; yqol,djla i|yd iemhqu fjrf<ka¦ ksle<e,a ks,a c,;,d rdOdk.r fjr< ixpdrlhkag iykh i,ik wdila;shla f.k tk w;r Èh hg f,dalh hful= fudaykhg m;a lrhs

f;rla fkdfmfkk È,sfik yß; meyefhkao mqmqre úysÿjk iqÿ fmK .yK iquqÿ ÿyq,a jdáhlska o ieÿï ,oafoah' jrla tys .sh miq" fï fjr< Tn foig úis lrk úl,amhka /i .%yKh lr .ekSug wiSre lrjk ;rï ld,h flá njla Tng yef`. kq we;' je,s;,fhka m;=, ieÿKq c,l| msyskSugu úYsIagh" fldr,a mrfhka m;=, ieÿKq fmfofi ialHqnd lsñ§ug o fhda.H fõ" we;a; jYfhkau ÿ¾,n ixfhdackhls' isysk olskafkl=g yqfolau uqyqÿnv ys¢ñka

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yd;ami ksii, w,xldrfha lsñfokakg yelshmeoafok ;d, Ydl" WKqiqï Èh;,h ism .ekSug fuka keó we;s w;= m;r iys; jkdka;r" iqÿ iquqÿ uqyqÿ je,af,a úrdu ,laIK ;enqjdla jeks fia Èfik ismams lgq" iy .srjqka iu. ;rÕ jeÈ uqyqÿ <sys‚ka lsysm fofkl=f.a f.dryeä y~ ke.s,a, ta w;r fõ' ÿßka fmfkk tfy;a ke.S isák l÷ mx;sh is;a;frl=f.a lekajih u; we¢ ljr fyda oiqklg jvd msßmqka jk w;r lsisfia;au ;ksù ke;' fjr< Èf.a ilauka lsÍug" .ila hg fijfka


ys¢ñka ld,h f.ùug fyda Tnf.a m%sh;u fmd; lshùug" t,af,k oe,a we|lg ù w,ij .; lsÍug jqjo Tng f;dard.; yelsh' jvd;au jeo.;a jkafka" Tnj wdrlaId lsÍugu ieÈ jDlaI mx;s /ila ;sìh§ Tn rdOdk.¾ ys iQ¾h ;dmfhka ms<siaiSug wjeis fkdùuhs' c, l%Svd fma%ókag" ñksh fkdyels ;rï úYd, m%f,dalkhka fuys fõ' fuys jk iEu ksfla;khlau mdfya thgu wh;a lsñÿï l%shdldrlï oeÍug ;rï idvïnr fõ' tkuq;a

Tjqka tlu lsñÿï wvú .Kkla yjqf,a mßyrKh lrhs' ixpdrlhkag iafkdal,ska fyda ialHqnd lsñÿï ú,dihka uqÿka muqKqjd .ekSug WmldÍ jk jD;a;Sh lsñÿï lrejkaf.a fiajh fïjdfhka ,o yelsh' fï uOHia:dk iy;sl ,;a tajd jk w;r jvd;au ixlS¾K WmlrK j,ska ukd fia ks¾ñ;o mßK; lsñÿïlrejkaf.ka .yKo fõ' iafkdal,ska lrk w;f¾ Tng fndfyduhla u. yefrkakg bvla ke;( fuys uqyqo Tng ;s,sK lrk foa w;r úúOdldr u;aiH" we,a.S

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ixpdrh

bkaÈhd o¾Yk

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iy fldr,a úfYaIhkaf.a j¾Kj;a iy úiauh okjk oiqka jkq we;' ñ, .Kka jeäfhka fyda wvqfjka m%ñ;lrKh ù we;' Tnf.a wdrlaIdj iïnkaOfhka" ljr fyda isoaêuh wjYH;djla j<lajkq i|yd rch u.ska wksjd¾h lr we;s neúkafuys imhd we;s wê fõ.S fndaÜgq .Kkdjlau jk ksid fldfy;au lK.dgq fkdjkak' yeõf,dlays È.= nj ksudjg m;a fkdjk njla fmfkk w;r;=r mq¿,a nj iqúi,a uqyqÈka i;=g Wmojk ;rulska iSud ù we;' f;dard .ekSug ksfla;k yd fydag,a rdYshlau fuys we;' iuyrla rch u.ska md,kh jk w;r wfkl=;a tajd fm!oa.,sl wdh;k hs' thska tl tlla fnfyúka bvlv we;sj tajdgu wh;a f.dvke.s,s j,ska ieÿï ,oafoah' tajdg fmdÿ tlu idOlhla fõ kï ta tlu foh jkafka id.rhhs' úYsIag msyskqïlrejka fkdjk wh i|yd uqyqfoa iEfyk ;rula ÿrg hd yels w;r iquqÿ <ore mqhr ;rï iqug je,af,ka ieÈ fjr<ls' ish¨‍u ixpdrlhka i|yd jk wjjdohhs - ysre neihk o¾Ykh u. yßkak tmdæ wdldYfha iqkaor;ajh iy uqyqÿ f;r w,xldrh iu l< fkdyelsh' Tng ysre nei hk whqre keröu i|yd uo ld,hla jeh jk ksid úvdjg Tn wi,g meñŒug bvla ke;af;auh' wdikakfha fldams y,a rdYshls" W;alDIag uqyqÿ wdydr o l,dmSh ksñ we÷ï iy wrefudaiï wdNrK fj<| ie,a o msysgd ;sfí' by<skau" jkdka;rh ;=< ilauka lsÍu is;a l<Ujk iq¿ úl,amhla fõú" úfYaIfhkau Tn Tfí md fjfyiSug wjeis fkdjk kuq;a WodiSk .;sfhka w,sfhl= msg ke.S isàu wjYHuhs'''

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ixjdoh

l=ußhlf.a

Èkfmd;

bkaÈhdfõ rdcia:dka ys ìldk¾ kqjr rdÊhdY%S l=udß l=ußh wef.a fjä;eîfï olaI;dj fjkqfjka 16 jeks úfha§ w¾cqk iïudkh Èkd .ekSfï úYsIag;dj Wiq,kakSh' weh m¾fhaIK i|yd f,dalh i;r foiska úoaj;=ka imeñfKk wef.a ud,s.fha fl!;=ld.drhla újD; l<dh' tfukau iudc iqnidOk l%shdldrlï j, mjd ksr; jk weh rdcia:dka rdcH;ajh ms<sn| ,shejqKq fmd;a foll l;=jßho jkakSh joka fm< ( lú;d foaõ.ka

ud weh yuqjk wjia:dfõ rdÊhdY%S l=udß l=ußh wef.a ksjyfka iqkLhka ;sfokd iu.ska úfõl .ksñka miqjQjdh' i;=ka fjkqfjka weh olajk lreKdjka; nj iy i;a;ajhska fjkqfjka wdpdrj;a ie<ls,a, i|yd jQ ck;dj jHdmdrfha lemS fmfkk Woõldßhla nj m%lg ldrKhls' i;H jYfhkau" 2008 § ìldk¾ ys msysá rdcia:dka m%dka; i;afjdaoHdkfha .d,a lr isá i;=kaf.a /|jqï ;;a;ajfha ÿ¾j,;d ÿgq weh wod, wêldÍka iu. ksrka;rfhka l;sld lrñka jvd;a hym;a ia:dkhla lrd Tjqka udre lsÍug n,OdÍka tlÕ jk ;=reu wLKav W;aidyhl ksr; jqKdh'

fjä;eîfï Y+ßh ìldk¾ ys uydrdcd wdpd¾h ld¾ks iska.aÔ f.a Èh‚h" rdÊhdY%S l=ußh l%Svd ch.%dysldjla jk

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w;r bkaÈhdj fjkqfjka iyNd.s jk fjä;eîfï biõj,§ kshu jQ m%dud‚lfha id¾:l;ajh ord isákakSh' weh ov fl<sfha ksr; jk mjq,lg wh;a jk w;r wef.a uq;a;d iy iShd hk fofokdu olaI ovhlaldrfhda jQy' wef.a mshdf.a Wkkaÿ lsÍug ia;=;s jkakg" weh ieneúkau nd, úfha§u tkï jhi yhla jk úg ish wdrïNh .;a;dh' ;=jlal=jla w;g .kakg fmrd;=j" thg .re lrkakg ug W.kajkq ,enqjd hhs weh i|yka lrkakSh' jhi y;la jk úg" weh wef.a m%:u Y+r;d ch.%yKh Èkd .ekSug iu;a jQjdh' ta jhi 12 ka my< ldKavfha bkaÈhdkq cd;sl jdhq rhs*,a Y=r;djhs' fuh yqfolau È.= l%Svd Èúhl wdrïNh úh' 1969 § wehg hï;ñka 16 la jk úg" Zj¾Ifha l%Svd ;drldjZ f,i úreodj,s ,enQ w;r bkaÈhdkq rch u.ska msßkuk kejqï w¾cqk iïudkh l%Svdfõ § oelajQ


l=ußh wef.a mshd jk rdcia:dkfha ìldk¾ yS uydrdcd wdpd¾h ld¾ks iska.aÔ f.a PdhdrEmhla wi,

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ixjdoh

l=ußh rdclSh wdhs;a;ñka ieriS

bkaÈhdfõ rdcia:dkfha ìldk¾ yS ,d,a.d¾ ud,s.h

idïm%odhsl bkaÈhdkq we÷ñka

úYsIag;dj Wfoid ,nkakg iu;a jQjdh' Zuu Èkm;du fjä ;eîu lf<a th uf.a mshdg i;=gla jQ ksid;a l%Svdfjka rg ksfhdackh lrkakg ,eîu f.!rjhla jQ ksid;ah' ks;ru ;rÕ l< tlu ;rÕldßh ud jqKd" iuyr úg wka;¾cd;sl ;rÕj,§ mjd tfiauhs'Z weh u;lh wjÈ lrkakSh' oeka wef.a l%Svd Èúh wjika ù ;sfí" Ndrldr;ajhka .Kkdjl m%Odk úOdhl ks,Odßksh fjñka iudc iqnidOk l%shdldrlï l<ukdlrKfha § ld¾h nyq,j isákakSh'

b;sydih iq/lSu wehg fnfyúka ióm ìldk¾ yS msyá s ,d,a.d¾ ud,s.h m%;i s xialrKh yd kv;a;j = i|yd l%h s dldÍ Wkkaÿjla olajk weh odhl jkakh S ' tfukau weh 2007 § ixlS¾Kh ;=< kj fl!;=ld.drh bÈlsÍfï jev wëlaIKh l<dh' tys ksjyka ,en ;sfnk wkqma

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ixialD; mqi; a ld,fha f,aLkdrlaIl m¾fhaIK wxYfha ieliqï ld¾hh i|yd j.lSu orkakh S ' f,dj i;r foisku a m¾fhaIK i|yd úoaj;=ka fuys wefok w;r th mer‚ f.dkq yd fmd;a tl;=jls' ZTrka.f a ií fuda.,a wêrdchdf.a ld,fha§ uydrdcd wkqma isk. a Ô a úiska iqrlsk ,o mqrdK jákd ixialD; f,aLk tys ;ekam;a lr ;sfnkjd"Z weh wmg woyila fokakh S ' .=jka .uka is;h s fï jeo.;a ;ekla k.rhg ,nd .ekSu ;j;a m%uL q ;djla f,iska i<ld lghq;= lrk weh fï ldrKh iu.ska uOHu .=jka lghq;= wud;Hjrhd iy m%dka; ixpdrl wud;Hjreka iu. ie,iqula wkqj bÈßhg hñka isákakh S ' weh ìldk¾ yS uydrdcdjreka iy ,d,a.d¾ ukaÈrh( ìldk¾ yS uydrdcdjrekaf.a ksjyk - hk fmd;a rpkd lr we;s w;r b;sydifha is;a n|k iq¿ mßÉfþohla tajdhska iksgy q ka flfrhs' tajd mq¿,a ms<. s ekSula Èkd .;a ixialrKhkah'


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