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ENGLISH HOME LANGUAGE STUDY GUIDE Grade 7

A member of the FUTURELEARN group


English Home Language Study guide

1807-E-EHL-SG01

Í2’È-E-EHL-SG01DÎ

Grade 7

CAPS aligned

M Kempen J Mansfield


Study Guide G07 ~ English Home Language

CONTENTS LESSON ELEMENTS...........................................................................................................9 PREFACE...........................................................................................................................10 PRESCRIBED BOOK.........................................................................................................10 INTRODUCTION ..........................................................................................................10 YEAR PLANNING .......................................................................................................... 11 UNIT 1: Week 1 – 2............................................................................................................ 13 Lesson 1: People who are making a difference.................................................................. 13 SECTION 1: LISTENING AND SPEAKING...........................................................14 Activity 1: Discuss listening skills...........................................................................14 Activity 2: Let’s listen.............................................................................................15 Activity 3: Tips on retelling a story.........................................................................15 Activity 4: Retell a story.........................................................................................16 SECTION 2: READING AND VIEWING................................................................17 Activity 5: Talk about how we read.........................................................................17 Activity 6: Discuss features of a story....................................................................18 Activity 7: Read a story..........................................................................................19 Activity 8: Evaluate, compare and contrast stories................................................21 SECTION 3: WRITING AND PRESENTING.........................................................23 Activity 9: Revise the writing process....................................................................23 Activity 10: Write a narrative paragraph.................................................................24 Activity 11: Write a story based on a personal experience....................................25 SECTION 4: LANGUAGE STRUCTURES AND CONVENTIONS........................26 Activity 12: Use punctuation..................................................................................26 Activity 13: Identify concrete and abstract nouns..................................................27 UNIT 1: Week 3 – 4 ........................................................................................................... 30 Lesson 2: People who have overcome challenges............................................................ 30 SECTION 1: LISTENING AND SPEAKING...........................................................31 Activity 14: Listen to and discuss a poem..............................................................31 Activity 15: Read a prepared text aloud ................................................................32 SECTION 2: READING AND VIEWING................................................................33 Activity 16: Read the poem independently............................................................33 Activity 17: Discuss key features of poems...........................................................35 Activity 18: Read the poems..................................................................................36 Activity 19: Do intensive reading of the poems......................................................38 SECTION 3: WRITING AND PRESENTING.........................................................38 Activity 20: Start a rhyming dictionary...................................................................38 Activity 21: Plan a poem........................................................................................39 Activity 22: Write a first draft of your poem............................................................40 Activity 23: Revise, edit and proofread your poem................................................40 Activity 24: Present a neat, final version of your poem..........................................40 SECTION 4: LANGUAGE STRUCTURES AND CONVENTIONS........................41 Activity 25: Match the idioms and their meanings.................................................41 Activity 26: Match the proverbs and sentences.....................................................42

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Study Guide G07 ~ English Home Language

UNIT 1: Week 5 – 6............................................................................................................ 44 Lesson 3: Extreme sports .................................................................................................. 44 SECTION 1: LISTENING AND SPEAKING...........................................................45 Activity 27: Have a conversation about a play.......................................................45 Activity 28: Complete the dialogue........................................................................49 SECTION 2: READING AND VIEWING................................................................50 Activity 29: Read the play......................................................................................50 Activity 30: Evaluate the play and answer questions.............................................56 Activity 31: Read the poem....................................................................................57 Activity 32: Do intensive reading and answer questions.......................................60 SECTION 3: WRITING AND PRESENTING.........................................................61 Activity 33: Practise writing dialogue.....................................................................61 Activity 34: Plan a short play.................................................................................61 Activity 35: Write a first draft..................................................................................62 Activity 36: Revise, edit and proofread your play..................................................62 Activity 37: Present your play ...............................................................................62 SECTION 4: LANGUAGE STRUCTURES AND CONVENTIONS........................62 Activity 38: Simple sentences and statements......................................................62 Activity 39: Use inverted commas.........................................................................64 UNIT 1: Week 7 – 8............................................................................................................ 66 Lesson 4: Laugh and the world laughs with you................................................................ 66 SECTION 1: LISTENING AND SPEAKING...........................................................67 Activity 40: Listen to and discuss a short story......................................................67 Activity 41: Learn about a panel discussion: Listen to a poem..............................68 SECTION 2: READING AND VIEWING................................................................69 Activity 42: Read a folktale....................................................................................69 Activity 43: Do a comprehension activity...............................................................72 Activity 44: Read a poem.......................................................................................72 Activity 45: Do intensive reading...........................................................................76 SECTION 3: WRITING AND PRESENTING.........................................................77 Activity 46: Write a verse of a poem......................................................................77 Activity 47: Read a review.....................................................................................77 Activity 48: Write a review......................................................................................78 Activity 49: Write a first draft..................................................................................79 Activity 50: Revise, edit and proofread your review...............................................79 Activity 51: Present a final version of your review.................................................79 SECTION 4: LANGUAGE STRUCTURES AND CONVENTIONS........................80 Activity 52: Use singular and plural.......................................................................80 Activity 53: Homophones and homonyms.............................................................83 UNIT 1: Week 9 – 10.........................................................................................................................84 Lesson 5: Scientific breakthroughs.................................................................................... 84 SECTION 1: LISTENING AND SPEAKING...........................................................85 Activity 54: Do a listening comprehension ............................................................85 Activity 55: Listen to the extract and have a discussion........................................85 SECTION 2: READING AND VIEWING................................................................86 Activity 56: Read a short story...............................................................................86 © Impaq

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Activity 57: Read a poem.......................................................................................88 SECTION 3: WRITING AND PRESENTING.........................................................90 Activity 58: Plan a descriptive essay ...................................................................90 Activity 59: Write a first draft of your essay............................................................91 Activity 60: Revise, edit and proofread your essay................................................92 Activity 61: Present a neat, final version of your essay.........................................92 SECTION 4: LANGUAGE STRUCTURES AND CONVENTIONS........................92 Activity 62: Use prefixes and identify suffixes........................................................92 Activity 63: Learn more about main and dependent clauses.................................94 UNIT 2: Week 1 – 2............................................................................................................ 96 Lesson 6: Healthy relationships......................................................................................... 96 SECTION 1: LISTENING AND SPEAKING...........................................................97 Activity 64: Do a listening comprehension.............................................................97 Activity 65: Tell a story ..........................................................................................97 SECTION 2: READING AND VIEWING................................................................98 Activity 66: Read the play......................................................................................98 Activity 67: Read the cartoon strip.......................................................................101 Activity 68: Read the diary entries.......................................................................103 Activity 69: Evaluate, compare and contrast stories............................................106 SECTION 3: WRITING AND PRESENTING.......................................................106 Activity 70: Discuss the features of a narrative essay.........................................106 Activity 71: Plan your essay.................................................................................107 Activity 72: Write a first draft of your essay..........................................................108 Activity 73: Revise, edit and proofread your essay..............................................108 Activity 74: Present a neat, final version of your essay.......................................109 SECTION 4: LANGUAGE STRUCTURES AND CONVENTIONS..................109 Activity 75: Identify and use literal and figurative language ................................109 Activity 76: Identify predicate and object............................................................. 110 UNIT 2: Week 3 – 4...........................................................................................................112 Lesson 7: Theatre and television.......................................................................................112 SECTION 1: LISTENING AND SPEAKING......................................................... 113 Activity 77: Listen to a television news report...................................................... 113 Activity 78: Have a debate on advertising........................................................... 114 SECTION 2: READING AND VIEWING.............................................................. 115 Activity 79: View advertisements......................................................................... 115 Activity 80: Read a television theatre report........................................................ 118 Activity 81: Do intensive reading of the report ....................................................120 Activity 82: Read a literary text............................................................................121 SECTION 3: WRITING AND PRESENTING.......................................................125 Activity 83: Plan and draft your advertisement....................................................125 Activity 84: Revise, edit, proofread and present your advertisement..................126 Activity 85: Plan and draft a letter........................................................................126 Activity 86: Revise, edit, proofread and present a letter......................................127 SECTION 4: LANGUAGE STRUCTURES AND CONVENTIONS..................128 Activity 87: Use demonstrative and relative adjectives........................................128 Activity 88: Use direct and indirect speech..........................................................129 3

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UNIT 2: Week 5 – 6 ......................................................................................................... 131 Lesson 8: Cooking around the world................................................................................ 131 SECTION 1: LISTENING AND SPEAKING.........................................................132 Activity 89: Have a discussion on how to give instructions..................................132 Activity 90: Give a prepared speech....................................................................133 SECTION 2: READING AND VIEWING..............................................................134 Activity 91: Read a recipe....................................................................................134 Activity 92: Read a poem.....................................................................................137 Activity 93: Read the information text..................................................................139 Activity 94: Design quiz questions.......................................................................141 SECTION 3: WRITING AND PRESENTING.......................................................141 Activity 95: Write a recipe....................................................................................141 Activity 96: Brainstorm ideas for writing instructions...........................................142 Activity 97: Write a first draft of your instructions.................................................142 Activity 98: Revise, edit and proofread your instructions.....................................142 Activity 99: Write a final draft of your instructions................................................143 SECTION 4: LANGUAGE STRUCTURES AND CONVENTIONS..................143 Activity 100: Learn about active and passive voice.............................................143 Activity 101: Use apostrophes correctly..............................................................146 UNIT 2: Week 7 – 8.......................................................................................................... 148 Lesson 9: Music............................................................................................................... 148 SECTION 1: LISTENING AND SPEAKING.........................................................149 Activity 102: Write and role play a drama............................................................149 Activity 103: Take part in an investigation role play.............................................149 SECTION 2: READING AND VIEWING..............................................................150 Activity 104: Read an extract from a youth novel................................................150 Activity 105: Do a comprehension activity ..........................................................152 Activity 106: Write a summary of the story..........................................................153 Activity 107: Write a story as a play.....................................................................154 SECTION 3: WRITING AND PRESENTING.......................................................154 Activity 108: Brainstorm ideas for a review..........................................................154 Activity 109: Write a first draft of your review.......................................................155 Activity 110: Revise, edit and proofread your review...........................................155 Activity 111: Present a neat, final version of your review.....................................156 SECTION 4: LANGUAGE STRUCTURES AND CONVENTIONS..................156 Activity 112: Use direct and reported speech......................................................156 Activity 113: Transitive and intransitive verbs......................................................157 UNIT 3: Week 1 – 2.......................................................................................................... 159 Lesson 10: Be informed: Social media............................................................................. 159 SECTION 1: LISTENING AND SPEAKING.........................................................160 Activity 114: Take part in a listening comprehension...........................................160 Activity 115: Talk about the uses of forms............................................................162 Activity 116: Have a discussion...........................................................................163 SECTION 2: READING AND VIEWING..............................................................163 Activity 117: Read about surveys and questionnaires.........................................163 Activity 118: Summarise the text..........................................................................165 © Impaq

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Activity 119: Read about completing a questionnaire..........................................165 Activity 120: Interpret answers on a questionnaire..............................................167 Activity 121: Read a poem...................................................................................167 SECTION 3: WRITING AND PRESENTING.......................................................168 Activity 122: Plan your form.................................................................................168 Activity 123: Draft your answers..........................................................................170 Activity 124: Revise, edit and proofread your answers........................................170 Activity 125: Present a neat, final version of your form.......................................170 Activity 126: Design your own form.....................................................................170 SECTION 4: LANGUAGE STRUCTURES AND CONVENTIONS..................171 Activity 127: Identify noun and adjectival clauses...............................................171 Activity 128: Complete the adverbial clauses......................................................172 UNIT 3: Week 3 – 4.......................................................................................................... 174 Lesson 11: Mystery and adventure................................................................................... 174 SECTION 1: LISTENING AND SPEAKING.........................................................175 Activity 129: Listen to the interview.....................................................................175 Activity 130: Adapt a story into a drama..............................................................175 SECTION 2: READING AND VIEWING..............................................................176 Activity 131: Read the play..................................................................................176 Activity 132: Discuss the drama..........................................................................183 Activity 133: Read a poem...................................................................................183 Activity 134: Evaluate, compare and contrast texts.............................................187 SECTION 3: WRITING AND PRESENTING.......................................................188 Activity 135: Plan your interview..........................................................................188 Activity 136: Write a first draft of your interview...................................................189 Activity 137: Revise, edit and proofread your interview.......................................189 Activity 138: Write your interview and give the interview.....................................189 SECTION 4: LANGUAGE STRUCTURES AND CONVENTIONS..................190 Activity 139: Find the relative clauses.................................................................190 Activity 140: Identify root words...........................................................................191 UNIT 3: Week 5 – 6.......................................................................................................... 193 Lesson 12: Careers and business.................................................................................... 193 SECTION 1: LISTENING AND SPEAKING.........................................................194 Activity 141: Role play meeting procedures........................................................194 Activity 142: Do a listening comprehension on a TV news presentation.............195 SECTION 2: READING AND VIEWING..............................................................196 Activity 143: Read a text on how to write an agenda...........................................196 Activity 144: Answer questions on the agenda....................................................199 Activity 145: Read the text on how to write minutes............................................199 Activity 146: Study the visual text........................................................................201 SECTION 3: WRITING AND PRESENTING.......................................................201 Activity 147: Write an agenda and minutes.........................................................201 Activity 148: Write a first draft of your agenda.....................................................202 Activity 149: Revise, edit and proofread your agenda.........................................202 Activity 150: Present a final version of your agenda............................................202 Activity 151: Plan your minutes...........................................................................203 5

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Activity 152: Write a first draft of your minutes....................................................203 Activity 153: Revise, edit and present your minutes............................................203 SECTION 4: LANGUAGE STRUCTURES AND CONVENTIONS..................204 Activity 154: Use pronouns..................................................................................204 Activity 155: Active and passive voice.................................................................205 REMEDIAL ACTIVITY........................................................................................206 UNIT 3: Week 7 – 8.......................................................................................................... 208 Lesson 13: Extraordinary people...................................................................................... 208 SECTION 1: LISTENING AND SPEAKING.........................................................209 Activity 156: Listen to a famous speech..............................................................209 Activity 157: Give a prepared reading ................................................................210 SECTION 2: READING AND VIEWING.............................................................. 211 Activity 158: Read a newspaper article .............................................................. 211 Activity 159: Do a comprehension and language test.........................................214 SECTION 3: WRITING AND PRESENTING.......................................................215 Activity 160: Read about features of a newspaper article...................................215 Activity 161: Plan your newspaper article............................................................216 Activity 162: Write the first draft of your article....................................................217 Activity 163: Revise, edit and proofread your article...........................................217 Activity 164: Present a final version of your article..............................................217 SECTION 4: LANGUAGE STRUCTURES AND CONVENTIONS..................218 Activity 165: Prepositions and preposition combinations.....................................218 Activity 166: Revise punctuation..........................................................................219 UNIT 3: Week 9 – 10........................................................................................................ 222 Lesson 14: Around the world............................................................................................ 222 SECTION 1: LISTENING AND SPEAKING.........................................................223 Activity 167: Do a listening comprehension.........................................................223 Activity 168: Give instructions..............................................................................224 SECTION 2: READING AND VIEWING..............................................................227 Activity 169: Read an extract from a youth novel................................................227 Activity 170: Evaluate the text.............................................................................229 Activity 171: Read a poem...................................................................................230 Activity 172: Understand a visual text..................................................................231 SECTION 3: WRITING AND PRESENTING.......................................................233 Activity 173: Write a descriptive essay................................................................233 Activity 174: Write the first draft of your essay.....................................................234 Activity 175: Revise, edit and proofread your essay............................................235 Activity 176: Present a neat final version of your esssay....................................235 SECTION 4: LANGUAGE STRUCTURES AND CONVENTIONS..................235 Activity 177: Write the degrees of comparison....................................................235 Activity 178: Learn more about pronouns............................................................236 UNIT 4: Week 1 – 2.......................................................................................................... 239 Lesson 15: Be the best I can be....................................................................................... 239 SECTION 1: LISTENING AND SPEAKING.........................................................240 Activity 179: Give an unprepared speech............................................................240 © Impaq

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Study Guide G07 ~ English Home Language

Activity 180: Read aloud a prepared text.............................................................241 SECTION 2: READING AND VIEWING..............................................................241 Activity 181: Read an extract from a youth novel ...............................................241 Activity 182: Evaluate the extract .......................................................................246 Activity 183: Do a comprehension activity ..........................................................247 Activity 184: Read the text and study the visuals................................................248 SECTION 3: WRITING AND PRESENTING.......................................................251 Activity 185: Write directions................................................................................251 Activity 186: Write a first draft of your directions..................................................251 Activity 187: Revise, edit and proofread your directions......................................252 Activity 188: Present a final version of your directions........................................252 SECTION 4: LANGUAGE STRUCTURES AND CONVENTIONS..................252 Activity 189: Adjectival and adverbial clauses.....................................................252 Activity 190: Simple, compound and complex prepositions.................................254 UNIT 4: Week 3 – 4.......................................................................................................... 256 Lesson 16: Fashion.......................................................................................................... 256 SECTION 1: LISTENING AND SPEAKING.........................................................257 Activity 191: Listen to a blog................................................................................257 Activity 192: Discuss shorter transactional texts ................................................258 SECTION 2: READING AND VIEWING..............................................................259 Activity 193: Read a blog.....................................................................................259 Activity 194: Complete a written comprehension.................................................263 Activity 195: Compare two poems ......................................................................264 Activity 196: Read a diary entry...........................................................................265 SECTION 3: WRITING AND PRESENTING.......................................................267 Activity 197: Write an e-mail................................................................................267 Activity 198: Plan your own blog..........................................................................268 Activity 199: Write a first draft of your blog..........................................................268 Activity 200: Revise, edit and proofread your blog..............................................269 Activity 201: Present a final version of your blog.................................................269 SECTION 4: LANGUAGE STRUCTURES AND CONVENTIONS..................270 Activity 202: Subject-verb agreement..................................................................270 Activity 203: Practise your punctuation................................................................271 UNIT 4: Week 5 – 6.......................................................................................................... 274 Lesson 17: Get focused................................................................................................... 274 SECTION 1: LISTENING AND SPEAKING.........................................................275 Activity 204: Do a listening comprehension.........................................................275 Activity 205: Give a persuasive speech...............................................................275 SECTION 2: READING AND VIEWING..............................................................276 Activity 206: Read about a youth novel...............................................................276 Activity 207: Read and evaluate an extract.........................................................278 Activity 208: Write a summary of the extract.......................................................279 Activity 209: Revise figures of speech and read the poem..................................280 Activity 210: Do a written comprehension on the poems.....................................282 SECTION 3: WRITING AND PRESENTING.......................................................282 Activity 211: Write an essay.................................................................................282 7

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Study Guide G07 ~ English Home Language

Activity 212: Write a first draft of your essay........................................................284 Activity 213: Revise, edit and proofread your essay............................................284 Activity 214: Present a final version of your essay..............................................284 SECTION 4: LANGUAGE STRUCTURES AND CONVENTIONS..................285 Activity 215: Identify language devices................................................................285 Activity 216: Work with auxilairy and finite verbs ................................................286 UNIT 4: Week 7 – 8.......................................................................................................... 288 Lesson 18: Stay focused.................................................................................................. 288 SECTION 1: LISTENING AND SPEAKING.........................................................289 Activity 217: Revise listening comprehension ....................................................289 Activity 218: Take part in a discussion.................................................................289 Activity 219: Read an unprepared text................................................................290 SECTION 2: READING AND VIEWING..............................................................291 Activity 220: Revise a reading comprehension....................................................291 Activity 221: Answer questions on the story........................................................293 Activity 222: Revise summaries...........................................................................294 Activity 223: Revise literature..............................................................................294 SECTION 3: WRITING AND PRESENTING.......................................................295 Activity 224: Revise writing texts.........................................................................295 Activity 225: Write diary entries...........................................................................296 Activity 226: Revise writing directions.................................................................296 Activity 227: Revise letter writing.........................................................................296 SECTION 4: LANGUAGE STRUCTURES AND CONVENTIONS..................296 Activity 228: Revise sentences............................................................................296 Activity 229: Revise synonyms, antonyms and subject-verb agreement............298 ADDENDUM A: RUBRICS..............................................................................................300 BIBLIOGRAPHY .............................................................................................................305

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Study Guide G07 ~ English Home Language

YEAR PLANNING UNIT

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LESSON LESSON 1: People who are making a difference LESSON 2: People who have overcome challenges LESSON 3: Extreme sports LESSON 4: Laugh and the world laughs with you LESSON 5: Scientific breakthroughs LESSON 6: Healthy relationships LESSON 7: Theatre and television LESSON 8: Cooking around the world LESSON 9: Music LESSON 10: Be informed: Social media LESSON 11: Mystery and adventure LESSON 12: Careers and business LESSON 13: Extraordinary people LESSON 14: Around the world LESSON 15: Be the best I can be LESSON 16: Fashion LESSON 17: Get focused LESSON 18: Stay focused

DATE

DATE COMPLETED

STARTED

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Unit

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UNIT 1: Week 1 – 2

Lesson 1: People who are making a difference • • • • • • • • • •

In this lesson you will: listen to a story retell a story read a short story compare and contrast the stories do a comprehension activity write a narrative paragraph write a short story based on a personal experience revise punctuation use concrete and abstract nouns

Be inspired! Be inspired to be the best you can be. Be inspired to obtain new knowledge and learn new skills. Be inspired to see how others live their lives and to help them. “Skateistan’s not just about skating. It’s about giving people life skills and hope for their future.”

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SECTION 1

SECTION 1:

LISTENING AND SPEAKING

Activity 1: Discuss listening skills

Listening is divided into three separate elements: Prelistening: This is how we get ready to listen to a story. To do this we: • Look at titles and illustrations to get an idea of what the text is going to be about. • Listen to background information given to you by the facilitator. • Read prelistening questions which will help you listen for these ideas in the story. • Have a pencil and paper ready for jotting down notes. During listening: This is what we do while the story is being read. We: • Try to get a “mind picture” of the story that is being read. • Listen to the message or main idea of the story. • Listen to dialogue and details in the story that give us additional information. • Try to work out the meaning of new vocabulary from the text. • Jot down notes or questions. Post-listening: This is what we do after we have heard the story. We: • Ask questions about anything we do not understand. • Discuss and find the meaning for new vocabulary. • Answer questions. • Discuss the story. • Make a summary of the story. • Analyse and evaluate what we have heard. • Evaluate what we have heard. We do this by making judgements on what we have heard and giving our opinion (with reasons) for what we have heard. Every story has a main idea and supporting ideas. Discuss a main idea and supporting ideas. Try to explain clearly the difference between the two. A story has a main idea and supporting ideas. A main idea tells you the main reason why the story was written or told or what the story is mainly about. Supporting ideas make the main idea clearer. They support and expand the main idea of the story.

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Unit

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Activity 2: Let’s listen Study the illustration on the first page of this unit. What does the illustration show? Discuss what you think the illustration is about. Your facilitator will read the story to you twice. Listen carefully to the true-life story about how someone had an idea to help others. Try to picture the story as you listen. Take notes of the main points in the story as your facilitator reads the story the second time. Tip: Do not write full sentences when taking notes. Jot down only the most important points.

When your facilitator has finished reading, use your notes to identify the main idea and the supporting ideas in the story. Discuss these ideas together. • • • • • • •

Give your opinion on the following: What do you think of the Skateistan project? In what way do you think it gets young people to participate? At which age group is it aimed? Of what benefit is it to the youth? What do you think of people who help others? Do you believe “sport has the power to change lives”? Give reasons for your opinion.

Activity 3: Read tips on retelling a story

Tenses Present tense: the action occurs now, for example: The girls skate in the bowl. Past tense: the action occurs in the past, for example: The girls skated in the bowl. Future tense: the action will occur in the future, for example: The girls will skate in the bowl. Simple past tense The simple past tense tells us that an action happened in the past. To change a verb to the simple past, add -ed to the verb or change the verb form, for example: cultivate – cultivated; grow – grew. Stories are usually (but not always) told in the past tense because the action has already happened.

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1. 2.

Discuss the tenses above. Give your own sentence for each tense. Listen to the short story your facilitator tells you. Does the story make sense? Why or why not? Discuss the tips for telling stories.

3.

Storytelling tips!

• • • • • • • • • •

• Sequence: It is important to tell the story in the correct sequence (order). Use words such as: first, then, later. Tense: A story is usually (but not always) in the past tense as the action has usually already taken place. It is also important how we tell a story. Here are some important points to keep in mind. Speaking skills: How we actually speak while we are telling the story. Speak clearly with correct pronunciation. Make sure you can be heard. Tone: Tone of voice refers to how we speak. We can use a gentle/soft tone of voice. We can use a hard/unfriendly tone of voice. Pronunciation: Pronunciation means that we pronounce (say) the words so that people can understand what we are saying. Tempo: Tempo means at what pace you tell the story. Do you tell it so quickly that no-one can catch on to what is being told or so slowly that listeners become bored? Keep up a lively pace so that listeners do not lose interest in the story. Intonation: This is the way in which your voice rises and falls as you speak and also the way it becomes louder and softer. Vary your voice so that it does not become a monotone (speaking in a flat voice that does not change). Eye contact: You must make eye contact with your listeners by looking them in the eye. This way, your listeners engage with you more. Posture: This is the way you sit or stand while you are telling a story. If you slouch over and look disinterested, your listeners will not be interested to hear your story. Maintain a good posture to gain the listeners’ attention. Gesture: These are the movements you make with your hands while you speak. While a few gestures may be appropriate, it is best not to “speak with your hands” too much as this takes the focus away from what you are saying. Rather let the words and your expression say it all.

Activity 4: Retell a story

A timeline is a line showing the order in which things happened. Timelines are often used for historical events. This is an example of the timeline of the story your facilitator told you.

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2 pm: 2:05 pm: 2:20 pm: 2:25: 3 pm: 3:05 pm: 3:15 pm:

Unit

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Josie left home. She couldn’t wait to get to the skateboard bowl. She ran all the way. It was very busy. She waited until there was a free skateboard. She had a wonderful time. She felt as though she were flying as the instructor helped her. “Thank you,” she said to the instructor when they had finished. Afterwards she helped water the vegetable garden. She ran off to her afternoon classes.

Think about a story you would like to tell. Draw a timeline of your story. Use the tips above and retell your own story. Make sure you mention the character’s names and that you retell the story in the correct sequence.

SECTION 2

SECTION 2:

READING AND VIEWING

Activity 5: Talk about how we read Reading, like listening, is divided up into three key steps: Step1: Prereading: This “prepares” us for reading. During pre-reading we look at these parts of a text to get an overview of what the text will be about: title, headings, illustrations Before reading a book, we look at one or more of these features: cover, title, illustrations, headings, blurb, title page, table of contents, chapters, glossary, index

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Give your own definition of each of these parts of a book and then discuss the features of each of these parts, for example: Cover: The outside of a book; the first thing that draws us to a book. It should be appealing and clear and give some indication of what the book is about. Step 2: During reading: This is what we “do” while we are reading. a) We work out the meaning of unfamiliar words. b) We visualise what we are reading. c) We reread the text. d) We make inferences (draw conclusions) from the writing.

Step 3: Post-reading: These are some of the things we do after reading. a) Ask questions and look up the meaning of words we still don’t understand. b) Draw conclusions about the writing and form our own opinion of it. c) Answer questions on the writing. d) Make a summary. e) Evaluate and discuss different interpretations of the writing. f) Compare and contrast texts by saying in which ways they are the same and in which ways they are different.

Visual texts A lot of what we read and see these days is on tablet, computer or TV screen. We also look at pictures, photographs, cartoons, billboards and advertisements. It is important that we learn to interpret what we are seeing. Some important aspects of visual literacy include: a) The use of colour, font types, font sizes, headings, captions and movement (as in a website) b) Layout: how things are positioned for maximum effect.

Activity 6: Let’s disucuss features of a story

Common and proper nouns A noun is the name of a person, place or thing. A common noun names ordinary objects, for example, book, pen. Proper nouns name particular people, places or things, e.g. Oliver, Skateistan, Johannesburg, January. Proper nouns always start with a capital letter. Find all the common nouns in the first seven lines of the story. Are these countable or uncountable nouns? Write down four common nouns and four proper nouns. © Impaq

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Unit

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Countable and uncountable nouns Countable nouns are nouns that can be counted, for example, girl, boy, rock. They can be in the singular and plural. Uncountable nouns are nouns that cannot be counted, for example, water, custard, oil. (These can only be put into containers and the containers can be counted.) Find all the common nouns in the title and in these lines from the story below: The boy and the donkey. On the road he travelled he met a woman dressed in a blue robe. Are these countable or uncountable nouns? Give the plurals of the countable nouns. They are all countable nouns: boy – boys, donkey – donkeys, road – roads, woman – women, robe – robes. Read the following story and discuss the key features of the story. It is important to get to know these key features as you will look at these aspects in all the stories you read. Key features of a story Not all of these will be covered in every single story. • Characters: The actual people mentioned in the story, for example: Oliver Petrovich, Tony Hawke. • Characterisation: What the characters are actually like. Are they portrayed (seen as) clever, stupid, wily, gentle, kind, etc.? For example, Oliver Petrovich and Tony Hawke are kind and philanthropic; the skateboarders are excited and keen. • Plot: The storyline; a series of related events that make up the main story; a pattern of relationships between events and their cause; the narrative of a story tells what happens while the plot tells you why it happened. • Conflict: The struggle that arises between the characters or between characters and their desires and/or values. • Background: Anything we know about the story before we read it. For example, what we know about skateboarding; people who do good deeds; the fact that women and girls in Afghanistan have few rights. • Setting: Where the story takes place, for example, in Afghanistan; in Johannesburg. • Narrator: The person telling the story; a person who explains what is happening. Not all stories have a narrator. • Theme: The main idea or ideas of a story; the topic of a piece of writing.

Activity 7: Read a story

To skim means to glance at something to get a general idea of what it is about.

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Study Guide G07 ~ English Home Language

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Look at the illustration and then skim through the story and say what you think it is about. Read the story in detail. Try to visualise the story as you read.

The boy and his donkey Once there lived a very poor woman who lived alone with her only son, Shagrie. One day Shagrie, who was only ten, decided to seek work. “Mom,” he said, “let me go out and look for work.” His mother would not permit him to go because he was too young. But Shagrie insisted that he should go out and look for work to help support her. He bothered her so much that one day she finally relented. She prepared a sack with provisions for her brave young son, gave him her blessing, and sent him on his way. Shagrie loaded the provisions on his donkey and set out to look for work. He didn’t know which direction to take, so he wandered until he was far from home. On the road he travelled he met a woman dressed in a blue robe. “Where are you going, my son?” asked the woman. “I am looking for work to support my mother.” “You are a good son, but you must be very careful because there are some bad men on this road who may harm you,” she warned him. “They can’t harm me,” Shagrie answered, “because I have nothing they can steal.” The woman smiled. “Since you are determined to continue your journey, here, take these three apples. Whenever you meet someone who wants to travel with you, cut an apple in half, but always cut one half smaller than the other. Offer both halves to the person, and if he takes the bigger half then do not count that person as your friend. He is a bad person, and may harm you. But the person who takes the smaller half will be a good friend whom you can trust.” Shagrie tucked the three apples in his coat pocket and continued on his way. That evening he met a man who asked him if they could travel together as companions and the boy agreed. When they stopped to rest that evening Shagrie cut one of the apples in half, remembering to leave one half smaller than the other. He offered them to the man. The man reached for the bigger half. This is not a good companion, the boy thought. And he was right because it was the intention of the man to steal the donkey once the boy was asleep. That night, although he was very tired, Shagrie didn’t sleep. When he was sure the man was asleep he got up very quietly, gathered his provisions and hurried to his donkey. He loaded his burro and fled. When the thief got up to steal the burro he found both the boy and the donkey to be gone. The thief was angry and wondered how the boy had known his intentions.

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Study Guide G07 ~ English Home Language

Unit

1

Later on his journey, Shagrie met another man. The man suggested to Shagrie that they could travel together since they were going in the same direction. Shagrie agreed. That evening he cut the second apple in half, again cutting one half smaller than the other. He offered them to the stranger and the man immediately took the biggest half. So Shagrie knew this was another sly man to beware of. That night as soon as the man had fallen asleep the boy got up very quietly and carried his pack to where his burro was hobbled. He packed his provisions and was far away by the time the thief awakened to find himself alone with his evil intentions. The very next day Shagrie met up with an old man. “Where are you going, my son?” the old man asked. “I am going to the city to look for work,” Shagrie replied. “Very good, my son,” the old man nodded. “I am going in the same direction. Why don’t we travel together?” Shagrie agreed and they continued together. That evening when they had arrived at a campsite, Shagrie cut his last apple in half, again leaving one half smaller than the other. He offered them to the old man, and the old man took the smaller piece. And so Shagrie knew that he had met a good companion with whom he could travel. That night he slept soundly, confident that he had met a good friend. When he awoke the sun was already high in the sky. He rubbed his eyes and looked around, but the old man was gone. Shagrie leaped out of his bedroll and ran in search of his burro. When he got to the pasture he found them both. The old man had simply moved the burro to where there was better pasture. From that day on they travelled together and became good friends. Soon, with the old man’s help, Shagrie found work and was able to return home often to care for his mother. Have a discussion on the story using these questions to guide your discussion. 1. Who are the characters in the story? 2. What sort of characteristics does Shagrie show? 3. What is the narrative and the plot of the story? 4. Is there any conflict in the story? If so, what is it? 5. What is the setting of the story? 6. What is the theme of the story? Does this fit into the lesson theme of helping others?

Activity 8: Evaluate, compare and contrast stories

Evaluate means to examine a text in order to judge its value, quality and importance. This includes forming your own opinion of the text and giving reasons for your opinions. Compare means to look at two or more texts to see how they are the same. Contrast means to look at two or more texts and see how they are different. Scan means to run one’s eye over a text to get specific details without reading it word for word.

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Unit

Study Guide G07 ~ English Home Language

1

A fact is something that is true or is said to be true. An opinion is your personal view of something. Discuss the meanings of the words in the box. Listen to the background to a true-life story your facilitator will read to you. Read a true-life story about helping others.

Dignified shopping for the homeless By Sithandwa Ngwetsheni, LEAD SA

“Here they get to actually choose, not just something that they need but something that they actually want!” On 14 January 2014, Kayli Levitan and Max Pazak, together with the advertising agency where they work, founded The Street Store. The Street Store is the world’s first rent-free, premises-free, free “pop-up clothing store for the homeless” found entirely on the street and stocked by donations. As a donor, you bring your old clothes to the street store, you hang them up on the hangers provided and put your old shoes in our boxes. The homeless then get to walk around the shop, choose what they want and enjoy a dignified shopping experience. For many of them it’s the first time that they have actually had this choice. They are so used to having to rummage around in bins for their clothes or just take what is given to them. Here they get to actually choose, not just something that they need but something that they actually want! Since homelessness is a global issue, Kayli and Max decided to share their idea, designs, and a complete how-to guide online so that anyone anywhere could host a Street Store in their community.  Since its inception in May 2014, The Street Store has taken over the world and has clothed hundreds of thousands of homeless people. Kayli says, “We have always tried to find the part of society that needs assistance and this one has just been the biggest.” “We didn’t face a lot of challenges in the start-up,” she adds. “Our biggest challenge was ourselves! We were so scared that this wasn’t going to work that we nearly didn’t do it … and then it was just like … “what have we got to lose” – I don’t know, nothing really – let’s just do it and make a difference, and it worked!” “I think that’s the innate goodness in people,” she continues. “They really want to help.” “If you have an idea to try and help people, just do it! You don’t have to be a charity to get involved and to make a difference. You don’t have to be part of a big NGO. If you have something that you know you can offer to people, just do It! There is nothing really to lose … there is just so much to gain.” Scan the texts again and then evaluate, compare and contrast each one. Use these questions as a guide to your discussion: a) Are these people really making a difference? b) In which ways are the two stories similar? c) In which ways are the two stories different? d) Which one do you prefer? Give a reason for your answer. e) Which of the three stories is your favourite? Why? f) In your opinion who is doing the most good? Why do you think this? © Impaq

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Study Guide G07 ~ English Home Language

SECTION 3

3:

Unit

1

WRITING AND PRESENTING

Activity 9: Revise the writing process

A statement is a sentence that gives us information. A statement ends in a full stop. For example: Shagrie is going to the city to find work. A simple sentence has one finite verb. It expresses only one complete thought or idea. For example, Shagrie leads his donkey. His mother waves goodbye. The old man chooses the smaller piece. Write four simple sentences about Shagrie in the present tense. Now write the same four sentences in the past tense.

Writing is a process. This means that there are steps that you follow when writing. It is important to know and use the writing process when you complete writing activities. The process consists of the following steps: Step 1: Planning To follow these steps, you must first plan your writing. This can be done by jotting down the things you want to say or making a mind map showing your characters and their actions. It also involves cause and effect which is very important in story writing (what caused something to happen and what the results were). Step 2: Drafting Once you have planned your writing, you must then draft what you want to say. At this stage, you will take into account your: • Audience, that is, who you are writing for. • Register, that is, decide on the type of language you will use, for example, will it be formal or informal. Step 3: Revising Read what you have written to your facilitator or to a partner and ask for their input. If this is not possible, read through your draft yourself. Once you hear it aloud you will know where you can improve your writing so that ideas are clearer or follow in a more logical order. Step 4: Editing and proofreading Read through your revised draft carefully and check for correct punctuation, grammar and spelling. Use a dictionary to check spelling of unfamiliar words. Once you have finished editing your work, proofread it by rereading it to make sure all the changes have been made.

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Gr 7-English Home Language-Study Guide  
Gr 7-English Home Language-Study Guide