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ENGLISH HOME LANGUAGE STUDY GUIDE

Grade 6

A member of the FUTURELEARN group


English Home Language Study guide

1806-E-EHL-SG01

Í2&È-E-EHL-SG01BÎ

Grade 6

CAPS aligned

O Barendse J Mansfield


Study Guide G06 ~ English Home Language

CONTENTS LESSON ELEMENTS���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 9 PREFACE�������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 10 YEAR PLANNING�������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 11 UNIT 1: Week 1 – 2.............................................................................................................13 Lesson 1: It’s news!..............................................................................................................13 SECTION 1: LISTENING AND SPEAKING...........................................................14 Activity 1: Talk about it............................................................................................14 Activity 2: Listen for information and give a summary............................................15 SECTION 2: READING AND VIEWING.................................................................18 Activity 3: Read newspaper headlines...................................................................19 Activity 4: Read a news report...............................................................................21 Activity 5: Read a newspaper article......................................................................23 Activity 6: Look at language...................................................................................26 Activity 7: Read independently...............................................................................28 SECTION 3: WRITING AND PRESENTING.........................................................29 Activity 8: Revise the writing process....................................................................29 Activity 9: Plan and write newspaper headlines.....................................................30 Activity 10: Write a newspaper article....................................................................31 Activity 11: Write a first draft..................................................................................32 Activity 12: Revise, edit and proofread the article..................................................32 Activity 13: Present the article................................................................................33 SECTION 4: LANGUAGE STRUCTURES AND CONVENTIONS........................33 Activity 14: Use punctuation correctly....................................................................33 Activity 15: Write in reported speech.....................................................................34 SECTION 1:

SECTION 2:

SECTION 2: SECTION 3:

SECTION 2: SECTION 3: SECTION 4:

UNIT 1: Week 3 – 4............................................................................................................37 Lesson 2: It’s a tale!������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 37 SECTION 1: LISTENING AND SPEAKING���������������������������������������������������������� 38 Activity 16: Listen to a myth...................................................................................38 Activity 17: Discuss and answer questions............................................................41 SECTION 2: READING AND VIEWING��������������������������������������������������������������� 43 Activity 18: Read a folktale....................................................................................43 Activity 19: Discuss the folktale.............................................................................46 Activity 20: Intensive reading of a legend..............................................................47 Activity 21: Read aloud..........................................................................................51 Activity 22: Reflect on texts...................................................................................52 SECTION 3: WRITING AND PRESENTING�������������������������������������������������������� 53 Activity 23: Brainstorm ideas for a myth or legend................................................53 Activity 24: Write a first draft..................................................................................54 Activity 25: Revise, edit and proofread the myth or legend...................................54 Activity 26: Present a final version.........................................................................55 SECTION 4: LANGUAGE STRUCTURES AND CONVENTIONS����������������������� 55 Activity 27: Use a dictionary..................................................................................55 Activity 28: Match proverbs, idioms and meanings...............................................56 SECTION 1: SECTION 1:

SECTION 2:

SECTION 2: SESECTION 3:

SECTION 2: SECTION 3: SSECTION 4:

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Study Guide G06 ~ English Home Language

UNIT 1: Week 5 – 6............................................................................................................ 6 0 Lesson 3: Advertising: are we being manipulated?............................................................ 6 0 SECTION 1: LISTENING AND SPEAKING��������������������������������������������������������� 61 Activity 29: Listen to an advertisement..................................................................61 Activity 30: Ask questions......................................................................................62 SECTION 2: READING AND VIEWING��������������������������������������������������������������� 64 Activity 31: Read persuasive text..........................................................................64 Activity 32: Read opinions on advertisements.......................................................66 Activity 33: Identify and evaluate opinions.............................................................69 Activity 34: Look at humour in advertisements......................................................69 Activity 35: Read about persuasive writing techniques.........................................71 SECTION 3: WRITING AND PRESENTING�������������������������������������������������������� 72 Activity 36: Write responses to advertisements.....................................................72 Activity 37: Write a persuasive speech..................................................................72 Activity 38: Write a first draft of the speech...........................................................73 Activity 39: Revise, edit and proofread the speech...............................................73 Activity 40: Present and deliver the speech...........................................................74 SECTION 4: LANGUAGE STRUCTURES AND CONVENTIONS����������������������� 74 Activity 41: Identify simple and complex sentences..............................................74 Activity 42: Subordinating conjunctions.................................................................76 SECTION 1: SECTSECTION 1:

SECTIOSECTION 4:

UNIT 1: Week 7 – 8............................................................................................................ 7 8 Lesson 4: Talk about it........................................................................................................ 7 8 SECTION 1: LISTENING AND SPEAKING���������������������������������������������������������� 79 Activity 43: Talk about dialogues............................................................................79 Activity 44: Listen to dialogues..............................................................................80 SECTION 2: READING AND VIEWING��������������������������������������������������������������� 82 Activity 45: Read a play.........................................................................................82 Activity 46: Read Act 2 of the play.........................................................................84 Activity 47: Read Act 3 of the play.........................................................................86 Activity 48: Complete a comprehension................................................................88 Activity 49: Use a dictionary..................................................................................91 Activity 50: Read independently and retell the story..............................................91 SECTION 3: WRITING AND PRESENTING�������������������������������������������������������� 91 Activity 51: Plan a dialogue...................................................................................91 Activity 52: Write a first draft of the dialogue.........................................................93 Activity 53: Revise, edit and proofread the dialogue.............................................94 Activity 54: Present a final version of the dialogue................................................95 SECTION 4: LANGUAGE STRUCTURES AND CONVENTIONS����������������������� 95 Activity 55: Quotation marks..................................................................................95 Activity 56: Identify sentences...............................................................................96 SECTION 1:

SECTION 2:

SECTION 3:

SECTIOSECTION 4: SECTION 4:

UNIT 1: Week 9 – 10.......................................................................................................... 9 8 Lesson 5: Rhyme, rhythm and rap..................................................................................... 9 8 SECTION 1: LISTENING AND SPEAKING���������������������������������������������������������� 99 Activity 57: Listen to a poem..................................................................................99 Activity 58: Talk about a poem.............................................................................100 SECTION 1:

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Study Guide G06 ~ English Home Language

SECTION 2: READING AND VIEWING������������������������������������������������������������� 101 Activity 59: Discuss features of poems................................................................101 Activity 60: Answer questions about the poems..................................................105 Activity 61: Read and perform a rap....................................................................106 Activity 62: Use a dictionary and read independently..........................................108 SECTION 3: WRITING AND PRESENTING������������������������������������������������������ 109 Activity 63: Plan a poem or rap............................................................................109 Activity 64: Write a first draft................................................................................ 110 Activity 65: Revise, edit and proofread the poem or rap...................................... 110 Activity 66: Write a neat, final version of the poem or rap................................... 110 SECTION 4: LANGUAGE STRUCTURES AND CONVENTIONS����������������������111 Activity 67: Identify types of sentences................................................................ 111 Activity 68: Use prepositions............................................................................... 112 SECTION 2:

SECTION 3: SECTION 3:

SECTION 4:

UNIT 2: Week 1 – 2 ..........................................................................................................115 Lesson 6: What’s cooking?................................................................................................115 SECTION 1: LISTENING AND SPEAKING�������������������������������������������������������� 116 Activity 69: Give and listen to directions.............................................................. 116 Activity 70: Follow instructions............................................................................. 116 SECTION 2: READING AND VIEWING������������������������������������������������������������� 117 Activity 71: Read a poem and a recipe................................................................ 117 Activity 72: Answer questions about the recipe...................................................121 Activity 73: Unjumble instructions........................................................................121 Activity 74: Read a different type of recipe..........................................................123 Activity 75: Read independently..........................................................................125 SECTION 3: WRITING AND PRESENTING������������������������������������������������������ 126 Activity 76: Watch a show and write a report.......................................................126 Activity 77: Write instructions...............................................................................127 Activity 78: Write the first draft.............................................................................127 Activity 79: Revise, edit and proofread the instructions.......................................127 Activity 80: Present the instructions.....................................................................128 SECTION 4: LANGUAGE STRUCTURES AND CONVENTIONS��������������������� 128 Activity 81: Identify subject and object.................................................................128 Activity 82: Roots, prefixes and suffixes .............................................................130 SECTIOSECTION 1:

SECTION 2:

SECTION 3: SECTION 3SECTION 3:

SECTION 4: SECTION 4:

UNIT 2: Week 3 – 4 ......................................................................................................... 133 Lesson 7: It’s adventure time!........................................................................................... 133 SECTION 1: LISTENING AND SPEAKING�������������������������������������������������������� 134 Activity 83: Listen to an extract from a novel.......................................................134 Activity 84: Take part in a discussion...................................................................136 SECTION 2: READING AND VIEWING������������������������������������������������������������� 139 Activity 85: Look at a novel................................................................................. 139 Activity 86: Look at the structure of a novel.........................................................144 Activity 87: Read an extract from a novel............................................................146 Activity 88: Answer questions on the extract.......................................................152 Activity 89: Read a book review..........................................................................153 Activity 90: Read aloud........................................................................................154 SECTION 3: WRITING AND PRESENTING������������������������������������������������������ 154 SECTION 1:

SECTION 2: SECTION 2:

SECTION 3:

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Study Guide G06 ~ English Home Language

Activity 91: Plan a book review............................................................................154 Activity 92: Write a first draft................................................................................155 Activity 93: Revise, edit and proofread the review...............................................156 Activity 94: Present the review............................................................................156 SECTION 4: LANGUAGE STRUCTURES AND CONVENTIONS��������������������� 156 Activity 95: Continuous tense .............................................................................156 Activity 96: Identify finite verbs and infinitives.....................................................157 SECTION 4: SECTISECTION 4:

UNIT 2: Week 5 – 6 ......................................................................................................... 159 Lesson 8: Be the best you can be.....................................................................................159 SECTION 1: LISTENING AND SPEAKING�������������������������������������������������������� 160 Activity 97: Listen to and discuss a story.............................................................160 Activity 98: Tell a story.........................................................................................161 SECTION 2: READING AND VIEWING������������������������������������������������������������� 162 Activity 99: Read a story......................................................................................162 Activity 100: Read intensively..............................................................................164 Activity 101: Enjoy a story...................................................................................166 Activity 102: Look at the structure of a story........................................................170 Activity 103: Read independently and write a summary......................................171 SECTION 3: WRITING AND PRESENTING������������������������������������������������������ 171 Activity 104: Brainstorm and plan a story............................................................171 Activity 105: Write a first draft..............................................................................172 Activity 106: Revise, edit and proofread the story...............................................172 Activity 107: Present a final version of the story..................................................173 SECTION 4: LANGUAGE STRUCTURES AND CONVENTIONS��������������������� 173 Activity 108: Match the idioms to their meanings................................................173 Activity 109: Present perfect tense......................................................................180 SECTION 1: SECTION 1:

SECTION 2: SECTION 2:

SECTION 3: SECTION 3:

SECTION 4: SECTISECTION 4: SECTION 4:

UNIT 2: Week 7 – 8��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 182 Lesson 9: Being a TV presenter��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 182 SECTION 1: LISTENING AND SPEAKING������������������������������������������������������� 183 Activity 110: Listen to a weather report................................................................183 Activity 111: Present a weather report.................................................................184 SECTION 2: READING AND VIEWING������������������������������������������������������������� 184 Activity 112: Unjumble weather words.................................................................184 Activity 113: Research and design a graph.........................................................185 Activity 114: Study a weather map.......................................................................185 Activity 115: Read an interview............................................................................187 Activity 116: Read independently.........................................................................189 SECTION 3: WRITING AND PRESENTING������������������������������������������������������ 190 Activity 117: Write a weather report.....................................................................190 Activity 118: Write a first draft of the report..........................................................190 Activity 119: Revise, edit and proofread the report..............................................190 Activity 120: Present the report...........................................................................190 SECTION 4: LANGUAGE STRUCTURES AND CONVENTIONS��������������������� 191 Activity 121: Adjectives........................................................................................191 Activity 122: Past tense.......................................................................................192 SECTION 1: SECTION 1: SECTION 1:

SECTION 2:

SECTION 3: SECSECTION 3:

SECTION 4:

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UNIT 3: Week 1 – 2���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 194 Lesson 10: It’s a novel idea���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 194 SECTION 1: LISTENING AND SPEAKING�������������������������������������������������������� 195 Activity 123: Listen to an extract from a novel.....................................................195 Activity 124: Discuss novels and use a dictionary...............................................196 SECTION 2: READING AND VIEWING������������������������������������������������������������� 197 Activity 125: Read an extract from a novel..........................................................197 Activity 126: Talk about a novel...........................................................................201 Activity 127: Answer comprehension questions..................................................203 Activity 128: Talk about reviews...........................................................................203 Activity 129: Read independently........................................................................205 SECTION 3: WRITING AND PRESENTING������������������������������������������������������ 206 Activity 130: Plan a book review..........................................................................206 Activity 131: Write a first draft..............................................................................206 Activity 132: Revise, edit and proofread the review.............................................207 Activity 133: Present the book review..................................................................207 SECTION 4: LANGUAGE STRUCTURES AND CONVENTIONS��������������������� 207 Activity 134: Pronouns.........................................................................................207 Activity 135: Past, present and future tense........................................................208 SECTION 1:

SECTION 2: SECTION 2: SECTION 2:

SECTION 3: SECTION 3: SECTION 3:

SECTION 4: SECTION 4:

UNIT 3: Week 3 – 4���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 210 Lesson 11: It’s a myth������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 210 SECTION 1: LISTENING AND SPEAKING�������������������������������������������������������� 211 Activity 136: Listen to a folktale........................................................................... 211 Activity 137: Discuss the folktale......................................................................... 211 SECTION 2: READING AND VIEWING������������������������������������������������������������� 212 Activity 138: Read a fable....................................................................................212 Activity 139: Answer questions on the fable........................................................215 Activity 140: Language assessment....................................................................216 Activity 141: Identify the characters and read aloud............................................218 Activity 142: Compare myths...............................................................................221 SECTION 3: WRITING AND PRESENTING������������������������������������������������������ 222 Activity 143: Plan character sketches for a story.................................................222 Activity 144: Write a first draft of the story...........................................................223 Activity 145: Revise and edit the story.................................................................224 Activity 146: Present the final version .................................................................224 SECTION 4: LANGUAGE STRUCTURES AND CONVENTIONS��������������������� 224 Activity 147: Commas..........................................................................................224 Activity 148: Future perfect tense........................................................................226 SECTION 1:

SECTION 2: SECTION 2: SECTION 2:

SECTION 3: SECTION 3: SECTION 3: SECTION 3:

SESECTION 4:

UNIT 3: Week 5 – 6 ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 228 Lesson 12: It’s a story!������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 228 SECTION 1: LISTENING AND SPEAKING�������������������������������������������������������� 229 Activity 149: Listen to a rhyming story.................................................................229 Activity 150: Discuss the story and the characters..............................................230 SECTION 2: READING AND VIEWING������������������������������������������������������������� 230 Activity 151: Read a short story...........................................................................230 SECTION 1: SECTION 1:

SECTION 2: SECTION 2: SECTION 2:

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Activity 152: Continue reading the story..............................................................233 Activity 153: Answer questions on the story........................................................236 Activity 154: Read the diary entries.....................................................................237 Activity 155: Read independently........................................................................239 SECTION 3: WRITING AND PRESENTING����������������������������������������������������� 240 Activity 156: The structure of a letter...................................................................240 Activity 157: Plan a letter.....................................................................................241 Activity 158: Draft a letter....................................................................................242 Activity 159: Revise, edit and proofread a letter..................................................242 Activity 160: Present a final version of the letter..................................................242 SECTION 4: LANGUAGE STRUCTURES AND CONVENTIONS��������������������� 243 Activity 161: Tenses.............................................................................................243 Activity 162: Look up adjectives in the dictionary................................................243 SECTION 3: SECTION 3: SECTION 3: SECTION 3: SECTION 3:

SECTION 4:

UNIT 3: Week 7 – 8 ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 245 Lesson 13: A funny thing happened��������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 245 SECTION 1: LISTENING AND SPEAKING������������������������������������������������������� 246 Activity 163: Look at a comic strip.......................................................................246 Activity 164: Watch some gags............................................................................247 SECTION 2: READING AND VIEWING������������������������������������������������������������� 248 Activity 165: Study a graph..................................................................................248 Activity 166: Read a comic strip..........................................................................249 Activity 167: Complete the comic strip.................................................................251 Activity 168: Read and match riddles and answers ............................................253 Activity 169: Read independently........................................................................254 SECTION 3: WRITING AND PRESENTING������������������������������������������������������ 255 Activity 170: Make a comic strip..........................................................................255 Activity 171: Draft a comic strip...........................................................................256 Activity 172: Revise, edit and proofread a comic strip.........................................256 Activity 173: Draw the final version of the comic strip.........................................257 SECTION 4: LANGUAGE STRUCTURES AND CONVENTIONS��������������������� 257 Activity 174: Active and passive voice.................................................................257 Activity 175: Adverbs...........................................................................................259 SECTION 1: SECTION 1: SECTION 1:

SECTION 2: SECTION 2: SECTION 2:SECTION 2:

SECTION 3: SECTION 3: SECTION 3:SECTION 3:

SSECTION 4:

UNIT 3: Weeks 9 – 10 ..................................................................................................... 262 Lesson 14: It’s play time!.................................................................................................. 262 SECTION 1: LISTENING AND SPEAKING�������������������������������������������������������� 263 Activity 176: Listen to a play................................................................................263 Activity 177: Develop and present a play............................................................264 SECTION 2: READING AND VIEWING������������������������������������������������������������� 265 Activity 178: Read a play.....................................................................................265 Activity 179: Look at the features of a play..........................................................267 Activity 180: Answer content questions...............................................................270 Activity 181: Answer language questions............................................................271 Activity 182: Read a review of a play...................................................................272 Activity 183: Read independently........................................................................274 SECTION 3: WRITING AND PRESENTING������������������������������������������������������ 274 Activity 184: Write a play script............................................................................274 SECTION 1:

SECTION SECTION 2:

SECTION 3:

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Study Guide G06 ~ English Home Language

Activity 185: Write the first draft...........................................................................275 Activity 186: Revise, edit and proofread the play................................................275 Activity 187: Present the final version .................................................................276 SECTION 4: LANGUAGE STRUCTURES AND CONVENTIONS��������������������� 276 Activity 188: Prefixes and suffixes.......................................................................276 Activity 189: Quotation marks..............................................................................277 SECTION 4:

UNIT 4: Week 1 – 2 ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 279 Lesson 15: Be informed��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 279 SECTION 1: LISTENING AND SPEAKING�������������������������������������������������������� 280 Activity 190: Listen to an interview......................................................................280 Activity 191: Role play an interview.....................................................................281 SECTION 2: READING AND VIEWING������������������������������������������������������������� 283 Activity 192: Tips for giving interviews.................................................................283 Activity 193: Answer questions on top tips..........................................................285 Activity 194: Read a profile .................................................................................287 Activity 195: Comprehension activity ..................................................................288 Activity 196: Read independently .......................................................................289 SECTION 3: WRITING AND PRESENTING������������������������������������������������������ 289 Activity 197: Plan a profile...................................................................................289 Activity 198: Draft a profile...................................................................................290 Activity 199: Revise, edit and proofread a profile................................................290 Activity 200: Present a final version of a profile...................................................291 SECTION 4: LANGUAGE STRUCTURES AND CONVENTIONS��������������������� 291 Activity 201: The meaning of sentences..............................................................291 Activity 202: Adverbs ..........................................................................................293 SECTION 1: SECTION 1:

SECTION 2:

SECTION 3: N 3:

SECTION 4:

UNIT 4: Week 3 – 4.......................................................................................................... 295 Lesson 16: It’s magic!....................................................................................................... 295 SECTION 1: LISTENING AND SPEAKING�������������������������������������������������������� 296 Activity 203: Listen to an instructional text...........................................................296 Activity 204: Give instructions..............................................................................296 SECTION 2: READING AND VIEWING������������������������������������������������������������� 297 Activity 205: Unjumble the instructions ...............................................................297 Activity 206: Read instructions for a magic trick..................................................299 Activity 207: Read a recipe..................................................................................301 Activity 208: Answer content and language questions........................................304 Activity 209: Read aloud......................................................................................306 Activity 210: Compare two texts...........................................................................306 SECTION 3: WRITING AND PRESENTING.........................................................307 Activity 211: Plan a set of instructions.................................................................307 Activity 212: Write a first draft for instructions......................................................307 Activity 213: Revise, edit and proofread the instructions.....................................308 Activity 214: Write a final version of the instructions............................................308 SECTION 4: LANGUAGE STRUCTURES AND CONVENTIONS....................309 Activity 215: Adverbs...........................................................................................309 Activity 216: Types of sentences......................................................................... 311 SECTION 1:

SECTION 2: SECTION 2:

SECTION 3: N 3: SECTION 3:

ON 4: SECTION 4:

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UNIT 4: Week 5 – 6 ......................................................................................................... 313 Lesson 17: The art of listening......................................................................................... 313 SECTION 1: LISTENING AND SPEAKING�������������������������������������������������������� 314 Activity 217: Listen to a story...............................................................................314 Activity 218: Recall the story...............................................................................316 SECTION 2: READING AND VIEWING������������������������������������������������������������� 317 Activity 219: Read part 1 of a story......................................................................317 Activity 220: Read part 2 of a story......................................................................320 Activity 221: Read a book review........................................................................323 Activity 222: Read a summary ............................................................................325 Activity 223: Read independently........................................................................326 SECTION 3: WRITING AND PRESENTING������������������������������������������������������ 326 Activity 224: Plan a summary..............................................................................326 Activity 225: Write a first draft of the summary....................................................327 Activity 226: Revise, edit and proofread the summary .......................................327 Activity 227: Present a final version of the summary...........................................327 SECTION 4: LANGUAGE STRUCTURES AND CONVENTIONS��������������������� 328 Activity 228: Identify types of phrases and clauses.............................................328 Activity 229: Phrasal verbs .................................................................................329 SECTION 1: SECTION 1:

SECTION SECTION 2: SECTION 2:

SECTION 3: SECTION 3:

SECTION 4: SECTION 4: SECTION 4:

UNIT 4: Week 7 – 8 ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 331 Lesson 18: Poems come in all shapes and sizes ������������������������������������������������������������ 331 SECTION 1: LISTENING AND SPEAKING�������������������������������������������������������� 332 Activity 230: Listen to a poem..............................................................................332 Activity 231: Enjoy a poem..................................................................................333 SECTION 2: READING AND VIEWING������������������������������������������������������������� 334 Activity 232: Read and discuss a poem...............................................................334 Activity 233: Read and talk about a poem...........................................................336 Activity 234: Complete a comprehension on the poem.......................................338 Activity 235: Read some humorous poems ........................................................338 Activity 236: Read independently........................................................................340 SECTION 3: WRITING AND PRESENTING������������������������������������������������������ 340 Activity 237: Write an acrostic poem....................................................................340 Activity 238: Edit and present an acrostic poem..................................................341 Activity 239: Brainstorm and draft limericks.........................................................342 Activity 240: Edit and present limericks...............................................................342 SECTION 4: LANGUAGE STRUCTURES AND CONVENTIONS��������������������� 343 Activity 241: Identify subject, verb and object......................................................343 Activity 242: Revise language.............................................................................345 SECTION 1:

SECTIOSECTION 2:

SECTION 3: SECTION 3: SECTION 3:

ADDENDUM A: RUBRICS���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 347 BIBLIOGRAPHY�������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 357 PERMISSIONS.................................................................................................................365

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Study Guide G06 ~ English Home Language

YEAR PLANNING UNIT

DATE DATE STARTED COMPLETED

LESSON LESSON 1: It’s news! LESSON 2: It’s a tale!

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LESSON 3: Advertising: are we being manipulated? LESSON 4: Talk about it. LESSON 5: Rhyme, rhythm and rap. LESSON 6: What’s cooking?

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LESSON 7: It’s adventure time! LESSON 8: Be the best you can be. LESSON 9: Being a TV presenter. LESSON 10: It’s a novel idea. LESSON 11: It’s a myth.

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LESSON 12: It’s a story! LESSON 13: A funny thing happened … LESSON 14: It’s play time! LESSON 15: Be informed.

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LESSON 16: It’s magic. LESSON 17: The art of listening. LESSON 18: Poems come in all shapes and sizes.

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Study Guide G06 ~ English Home Language

Unit

UNIT 1: Week 1 – 2

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Lesson 1: It’s news!

In this lesson you will: • listen to a radio news report • watch a television programme • do a listening comprehension on stereotypes: formal assessment • write a summary: formal assessment • read newspaper headlines • read a news report • read a newspaper article • write a newspaper article using the writing process • revise punctuation • write reported speech Welcome to Grade 6! Have fun using this book. It was written with you, the learner, in mind. We hope you find the themes covered both enjoyable and entertaining.

“No one has ever become poor from giving.” Anne Frank

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Unit

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Study Guide G06 ~ English Home Language

SECTION 1

SECTION 1:

LISTENING AND SPEAKING

Activity 1: Talk about it

Vocabulary in context stereotype: a widely held image or idea of a particular type of person or thing without any real justification. Let’s look at radio, television and newspaper reports with the focus on current issues in the news. 1.

Talk about the different ways people access news reports and articles.

2.

Share how you listen to, watch or read the news and why you like your method.

3.

Read the meaning of the word stereotype in the vocabulary box. Give some examples of stereotypes.

4.

Answer these questions. a) b) c) d)

5.

How do you think stereotypes are formed? Why do you think we form stereotypes? Do you think stereotypes are positive or negative? How do you think stereotypes fall into a theme about news?

Read the tip in the tip box. Take notes only when you listen to a listening comprehension a second time. Do not write long notes, only jot down the important points.

6.

Listen to the radio programme your facilitator plays. Listen carefully to get an overview of what is discussed.

7.

Listen a second time, this time listening for specific details. Jot down important points.

8.

Discuss the main idea of the programme and specific details with your facilitator.

9.

Now listen to the television programme or news report that your facilitator plays to you. Follow the same process as for the radio programme.

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Study Guide G06 ~ English Home Language

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10.

How do you know if the information you listened to/watched can be trusted? Is it from a reliable source? How do you know? What can you do if you think the information may not be correct?

11.

Bring a newspaper article that deals with a current issue to the next lesson. Read it carefully beforehand and prepare a short talk on the current issue it addresses. This talk will be used as part of your formal assessment.

Activity 2: Listen for information and give a summary

Vocabulary in context Prejudice: a feeling of like or dislike for someone or something especially when it is not reasonable or logical Blog: frequently updated diary on a website intended for public viewing Bizarre: amusingly odd Platitude: an empty, pointless comment or statement made as though it were important or helpful Boisterous: noisy, energetic and rowdy, often wild Assumption: something taken for granted; something believed to be true without proof Abandoned: (in this context) given up; stopped using Let’s revise tenses and subject-verb agreement. Tenses There are three main tenses: present tense, past tense and future tense. Present tense: the action is happening now or it happens regularly. We add -s or -es depending on whether the subject is singular or plural. For example: Naledi goes to town. He watches the television news broadcast. The sun sets in the west. Past tense: the action took place in the past. To change a verb to the simple past add -ed to the verb or change the verb form. For example: Naledi went to town. He watched the television news broadcast. The sun set in the west. Future tense: the action will take place in the future. We use shall or will for the future tense. We use shall for I/we (first person) and will for the other persons (you, he, she, they). In modern use, however, will is used more than shall. Shall is used mainly with I and we to make an offer or suggestion, or to ask for advice. For example: I will watch the television news broadcast. I shall tell you what we want you to do. She will go to town. They will go to town.

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Unit

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Study Guide G06 ~ English Home Language

First person is the person speaking. Second person is the person spoken to. Third person is the person spoken about. Now give one sentence in each of the three tenses. Subject-verb agreement Subject-verb agreement means that the subject and verb have to agree with each other. If the subject is singular, then the verb should be singular. If the subject is plural, the verb should also be plural, for example: Naledi watches the television programme. Naledi and his friends watch the television programme. Give four sentences making sure the subject-verb agreement is correct. 1.

Discuss the meaning of the words in the vocabulary box.

2.

Your facilitator will read the headline of a newspaper article to you. Try to predict what the article will be about.

3.

Listen as your facilitator reads the article to you.

4.

Ask questions about any of the aspects of the article of which you are unsure.

5.

Jot down notes as your facilitator reads the article a second time.

6.

Read the questions in the study guide before your facilitator reads the article to you a third time.

7.

Answer the questions in your exercise book. Write only the number and the letter of the answer, for example 6f.

8.

Your facilitator will give you the answers, allowing you to mark your own work.

Content questions 1.

The heading tells me the article will be about: a) Racial stereotypes b) Gender stereotypes c) General stereotypes (1)

2.

Where did Laura Bates (the writer) see the comment that made her write her blog? a) Facebook b) Instagram c) Twitter (1)

3.

What age was the child who was asked to do research on a scientist or inventor? a) Seven b) Six c) Ten (1)

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Study Guide G06 ~ English Home Language

Unit

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4.

Choose the two words that made the blogger think this homework was sexist? a) He, they b) He, family c) He, wife (1)

5.

In what way is this stereotyping? The question assumes the inventor or scientist is: a) Female b) Male c) Either one of the two sexes? (1)

6.

What do you think the parent’s tweet to Twitter looked like? a) Can you name any female inventors or scientists? b) Can you name any male inventors or scientists? c) Can you name any inventors or scientists?

(1)

7.

Does the study published by the National Bureau of Economic Research suggest that gender bias in primary school: a) Has no effect on children as they are growing up b) Has a long-term effect on children as they grow up c) Only has an effect on girls? (1)

8.

When the maths tests were marked without the markers knowing the names of the learners: a) The boys outperformed the girls b) The girls outperformed the boys c) The results were the same in both (1)

9.

Which of these does the blogger blame for influencing stereotypes? a) Books b) Television c) Conversations i) a and c ii) a and b iii) all of them

(1)

Is the blogger optimistic that change is taking place? a) Yes b) No c) Undecided.

(1)

10.

Subtotal: [10] Language and general questions Discuss these language questions with your facilitator. a) Acronyms are words formed from initials, for example RAM – Random Access Memory. Did you find an acronym in the text? What is it? b) Write the word that two of the letters stand for. c)

In literal language the words mean exactly what they say, for example spill the beans means that we drop some beans. In figurative language the words have a deeper meaning and do not mean what the words literally say, for example spill the beans means to tell someone some secret information. Do you think jumped out at me is literal or figurative?

d)

Break the word stereotypes into syllables.

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Study Guide G06 ~ English Home Language

e)

Give the following sentence in the past tense. Each individual incident is easily dismissed as harmless.

f)

What is wrong with this sentence? A parent have shared a photograph of her sixyear-old child’s homework.

g)

What do you think of gender stereotyping?

h)

Do you think gender stereotypes are found frequently in your circle of friends? If so, state in which ways; if not, give reasons why you think so.

i)

Do you think that the information from this source is valid? Give reasons for your answer.

j)

How do you think people can be encouraged to discard and not continue stereotypes?

Write a summary of no longer than 90 – 110 words of the passage on gender stereotypes that your facilitator read to you in rough. Use the words in the box to help you write your summary. You do not have to use all the words. Study the rubric at the back of your study guide so that you know how you will be assessed. Read the summary to your facilitator. Subtotal: [10] Total: [20]

 

blog, gender, stereotypes, parents, Twitter, types of questions, reinforce, boys, portrayed, inventors, scientist, mathematics, sciences, girls, Tests, not necessarily, passed on, media, advertisements, television programmes, conversations, author, challenge stereotypes, change, children, stand up, gender stereotyping

SECTION 2

SECTION 2:

READING AND VIEWING

Activity 3: Read newspaper headlines

Vocabulary in context Obesity: being overweight Ban: forbid something Volunteer: somebody who works without being paid Bogus: fake, fraudulent (intended to deceive)

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Study Guide G06 ~ English Home Language

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Language structures and conventions: figures of speech Pun: a play on words; a use of words that involves a word or phrase that has more than one possible meaning, for example: pilot loses wings, goose downs man Alliteration: the use of several words that begin with the same letters, for example: Angry Argument Augers Badly for Summit Listen as your facilitator reads a selection of newspaper headlines to you. Discuss the following: • From the headline, what do you think each article may be about? • What makes a good headline? • List the features of a good newspaper headline. Some facts about headlines • They are the titles or headings of newspaper articles • They usually contain few words • Their purpose is to attract the interest of readers • They are usually in bold and in larger font than the article • They make use of figures of speech such as puns and alliteration Read these newspaper headlines. Can you find a pun and alliteration in any of them? If so, in which ones?

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Unit

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Study Guide G06 ~ English Home Language

Match each headline to the summary of one of the newspaper articles below. A.

Colleges that have not been registered with the Department of Education have been shut down in an effort to protect students paying high fees for inferior education.

B.

The city’s fire and rescue services asked for aerial support after an extensive fire was reported in the early hours of the morning. Helicopters have been sent to waterbomb the fire.

C.

Volunteer Wildfire Services Fighters put their lives at risk fighting fires. They spend the day in intense heat.

D.

A new-born puppy rescued from a rubbish dump last week is making good progress. Sources say the puppy is a real cutie.

E.

The proposed new sugar tax will not cut obesity but it will fuel food inflation and hurt consumers.

F.

South Africa’s rhino poaching epidemic saw a record 1 215 rhino killed last year for their horn.

G.

A dog saved a woman from a cobra which had come into her garage. He is a real hero.

H.

Rain and hail caused devastation in the city last night. Residents report that hailstones bigger than golf balls landed on broken tiles on roofs and smashed windows.

Discuss current news stories and make suggestions for headlines for these stories. Try to make some headlines using a pun. © Impaq

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Study Guide G06 ~ English Home Language

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Activity 4: Read a news report Bring a newspaper or magazine article to the lesson. Discuss with your facilitator the type of news it covers. What is the difference between local, national and international news? What other types of news appear in newspapers and magazines? Match the news type to the explanation in the box below. Type of news articles 1. Local 2. National 3. International 4. Feature 5. Editorial 6. Column

Explanation a) What’s going on in the world b) “Soft” news such as news on a person doing volunteer work, movie reviews, etc. c) Gives the writer’s own opinion on current issues d) What’s going on in your country e) Written by same person on a regular basis f) What’s going on in your neighbourhood

Read the headline of the report below and look at the pictures. Predict what you think the article will be about? Read the article.

Newly discovered frog looks like Kermit Recently, a scientist discovered a type of frog that looks a lot like Kermit. Kermit the Frog is a Muppet – a well-known puppet frog who has bulgy eyes and is a special shade of green.

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Study Guide G06 ~ English Home Language

The frog found in Costa Rica looks a lot like that. It has big google-eyes with black pupils that sit on the top of its head, and it is a uniform shade of bright lime green, similar to Kermit. Just about the only thing its missing is Kermit’s signature pointy collar. (And Kermit’s ability to speak, of course.) The recently discovered frog is a type of glass frog. Part of the new frog’s Latin name includes Diana. It has been named after the mother of one of the scientists; whose middle name is Diane. The announcement of the new frog was made by the Costa Rican Amphibian Research Centre.

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Study Guide G06 ~ English Home Language

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Glass frogs get their name from the way their tummy looks. Many of them – including this new frog – have translucent skin on their stomach, meaning that you can see through it. You can see some of the frog’s organs including the heart and liver. Scientists think that the glass frog developed a translucent tummy so that it would be hard to spot as it sits on a branch or leaf. That means that other animals that want to eat it would have a more difficult time finding it. Use these questions to guide a discussion on the article. 1.

Into which category of news do you think this article fits? Give a reason for your answer.

2.

Do you know where Costa Rica is? Use your atlas to look it up.

3.

What is the main idea of the article? a) A new type of glass frog has been discovered. b) The new type of glass frog looks like Kermit. c) Scientists think glass frogs are see-through so that animals wanting to eat them can’t find them.

4.

In which ways does the frog look like Kermit?

5.

What obvious differences are there between Kermit and this new frog?

6.

Who is the frog named after?

7.

In your opinion, is this a compliment to Diane?

8.

What type of frog is the newly discovered frog?

9.

Why do you think this type of frog was given this name?

10.

Do you think this type of tummy is an advantage? In which way?

Activity 5: Read a newspaper article Look at the selection of newspaper articles your facilitator gives you and then, from what you see, discuss the features of newspaper articles

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Gr 6-English Home Language-Study Guide  
Gr 6-English Home Language-Study Guide