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UNDERSTANDING ART MOVEMENTS

Baroque

Realism

Neo-Impressionism

Neo Classic

Romanticism

Symbolism

Impressionism

Post-Impressionism


Art Nouveau

Futurism

Neo-plasticism

Fauvism

Cubism

Expressionism

Suprematism

Stuckism


Dadaism

Abstract expressionism

Color Field painting

Surrealism

Post-painterly abstraction

Lyrical Abstraction


Minimalism

Post-Minimalism

Geometric abstraction

Pop Art

Hard Edge Painting

Neo-expressionism

Conceptual Art


Neo Geo

Superflat

Realism

Anti-Clerical

THE MOST IMPORTANT PAINTERS IN HISTORY


UNKNOWN

Hall of Bulls in Lascaux Cave

Sethos I Before Horus

Fowling in the Marshes

Shaft of the Dead Man

The Weighing of the Heart


1. MICHELANGELO BUONARROTI (1475-1564) – There is no surprise to see the man who is, along with Van Gogh and Picasso, the greatest artistic genius of all time, he painted the Sistine Chapel! Case closed. Nevertheless, that unforgettable masterpiece is enough to guarantee him a place of honor in the history of painting.

The

Sistine Chapel


2. VINCENT VAN GOGH (1853 –1890) --- Today, Van Gogh is widely regarded as one of history's greatest painters and an important contributor to the foundations of modern art. He produced more than 2,000 artworks, consisting of around 900 paintings and 1,100 drawings and sketches the last 2 years of his life.

Starry Night Over the Rhone

Van Gogh

Vase with 12 Sunflowers Portrait of Dr. Gachet


3. LEONARDO DA VINCI (1452-1519) – For better or for worse, Leonardo will be forever known as the author of the most famous painting of all time, the "Gioconda" or "Mona Lisa". But he is more, so much more! His humanist, almost scientific gaze, entered the art of the quattrocento and revoluted it with his sfumetto that nobody was ever able to imitate. His warmth of light will make a viewer believe one can touch the images in the paintings.

Mona Lisa

The Last Supper

4. PAUL CÉZANNE (1839-1906) – "Cezanne is the father of us all." This famous quote has been attributed to both Picasso and Matisse, and certainly it does not matter who actually said it, because in either case would be appropriate. While he exhibited with the Impressionist painters, Cézanne left behind the whole group and developed a style of painting never seen so far, which opened the door for the arrival of Cubism and the rest of the vanguards of the twentieth century.

Hanged Man

Cézanne

Still Life with a Curtain


5. REMBRANDT VAN RIJN (1606-1669) – The fascinating use of the light and shadows in Rembrandt's works seem to reflect his own life, moving from fame to oblivion. Rembrandt is the great master of Dutch painting, and, along with Velázquez, the main figure of 17th century European Painting. He is, in addition, the great master of the self-portrait of all time, an artist who had never show mercy at the time of depicting himself

The Night Watch

Rembrandt

The Feast of Belshazzar

6. PABLO PICASSO (1881-1973) – Picasso is to Art History a giant earthquake with eternal aftermaths. With the possible exception of Michelangelo (who focused his greatest efforts in sculpture and architecture), no other artist had such ambitions at the time of placing his oeuvre in the history of art. Picasso created the avant-garde. Picasso destroyed the avant-garde. He looked back at the masters and surpassed them all. He faced the whole history of art and single-handedly redefined the tortuous relationship between work and spectator

Woman Playing the Mandolin

Picasso

Dora maar au Chat

La Vie

7. WASSILY KANDINSKY (1866-1944) – Although the title of "father of abstraction" has been assigned to several artists, from Picasso to Turner, few painters could claim it with as much justice as Kandinsky. Many artists have succeeded in painting emotion, but very few have changed the way we understand art. Wassily Kandinsky is one of them.

Composition #7

Kandinsky

On White #2


8. CLAUDE MONET (1840-1926) – The importance of Monet in the history of art is sometimes "underrated", as Art lovers tend to see only the overwhelming beauty that emanates from his canvases, ignoring the complex technique and composition of the work (a "defect" somehow caused by Monet himself, when he declared that "I do not understand why everyone discusses my art and pretends to understand, as if it were necessary to understand, when it is simply necessary to love"). However, Monet's experiments, including studies on the changes in an object caused by daylight at different times of the day; and the almost abstract quality of his "water lilies", are clearly a prologue to the art of the twentieth century.

Impression, Sunrise

Monet

Woman in a Garden

9. CARAVAGGIO (1571-1610) – The tough and violent Caravaggio is considered the father of Baroque painting, with his spectacular use of lights and shadows. Caravaggio’s chiaroscuro became so famous that many painters started to copy his paintings, creating the 'Caravaggisti' style.

Musicians

Caravaggio

Medusa

10. JOSEPH MALLORD WILLIAM TURNER (1775-1881) – Turner is the best landscape painter of Western painting. Whereas he had been at his beginnings an academic painter, Turner was slowly but unstoppably evolving towards a free, atmospheric style, sometimes even outlining the abstraction, which was misunderstood and rejected by the same critics who had admired him for decades

The Shipwreck of the Minotaur

Turner

Ovid Banished From Rome


11. JAN VAN EYCK (1390-1441) – Van Eyck is the colossal pillar on which rests the whole Flemish paintings from later centuries, the genius of accuracy, thoroughness and perspective, well above any other artist of his time, either Flemish or Italian.

La Madone au Chanoine Van der Paele

Van Eyck

The Arnolfini Portrait

12. ALBRECHT DÜRER (1471-1528) – The real Leonardo da Vinci of Northern European Rennaisance was Albrecht Dürer, a restless and innovative genious, master of drawing and color. He is one of the first artists to represent nature without artifice, either in his painted landscapes or in his drawings of plants and animals.

Lamentation for Christ

Dürer

The Praying Hands

Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse

13. JACKSON POLLOCK (1912-1956) – The major figure of American Abstract Expressionism, Pollock created his best works, his famous drips, between 1947 and 1950. After those fascinating years, comparable to Picasso’s blue period or van Gogh’s final months in Auvers, he abandoned the drip, and his latest works are often bold, unexciting works. Currently holds the t itle of most expensive painting sold: $140 Million.

Number 5

Pollock

She-Wolf


14. DIEGO VELÁZQUEZ (1599-1660) – Along with Rembrandt, one of the summits of Baroque painting. But unlike the Dutch artist, the Sevillan painter spent most of his life in the comfortable but rigid courtesan society. Nevertheless, Velázquez was an innovator, a "painter of atmospheres" two centuries before Turner and the Impressionists, which it is shown in his colossal 'royal paintings' ("Meninas", "The Forge of Vulcan"), but also in his small and memorable sketches of the Villa Medici.

Vieja Friendo Huevos

Velázquez

Las Meninas

15. PAUL GAUGUIN (1848-1903) – One of the most fascinating figures in the history of painting, his works moved from Impressionism (soon abandoned) to a colorful and vigorous symbolism, as can be seen in his 'Polynesian paintings'. Matisse and Fauvism could not be understood without the works of Paul Gauguin.

Tahitian Women on the Beach

Gauguin

The Yellow Christ

16. FRANCISCO DE GOYA (1746-1828) - Goya is an enigma. In the whole History of Art few figures are as complex as the artist born in Fuendetodos, Spain. Enterprising and indefinable, a painter with no rival in all his life, Goya was the painter of the Court and the painter of the people. He was a religious painter and a mystical painter. He was the author of the beauty and eroticism of the 'Maja desnuda' and the creator of the explicit horror of 'The Third of May, 1808'. He was an oil painter, a fresco painter, a sketcher and an engraver. And he never stopped his metamorphosis.


Saturn Devouring his Son

De Goya

The Nude Maja

17. HENRY OSSAWA TANNER (1859-1937) – Tanner is often regarded as a realist painter focusing on accurate depictions of subjects. His works, such as "The Banjo Lesson" were concerned with everyday life as an African American. His works enjoy a meticulous attention to detail while not alienating the observer. The combination of these two techniques makes for a masterful balance of skillful precision and powerful expression.

The Banjo Lesson

Tanner

The Annunciation

18. ÉDOUARD MANET (1832-1883) – Manet was the origin of Impressionism, a revolutionary in a time of great artistic revolutions. His (at the time) quite polemical "Olympia" or "Déjeuner sur l'Herbe" opened the way for the great figures of Impressionism.

The Luncheon on the Grass

Manet

The Spanish Singer


19. MARK ROTHKO (1903-1970) – The influence of Rothko in the history of painting is yet to be quantified, because the truth is that almost 40 years after his death the influence of Rothko's large, dazzling and emotional masses of color continues to increase in many painters of the 21st century.

White Center

Rothko

Yellow & Gold

20. HENRI MATISSE (1869-1954) – Art critics tend to regard Matisse as the greatest exponent of twentieth century painting, only surpassed by Picasso. This is an exaggeration, although the almost pure use of color in some of his works strongly influenced many of the following avant-gardes.

Woman with a Hat

Matisse

The Dessert—Harmony In Red


21. RAPHAEL (1483-1520) – Equally loved and hated in different eras, no one can doubt that Raphael is one of the greatest geniuses of the Renaissance, with an excellent technique in terms of drawing and color

The School of Atkins

Raphael

Madonna of the Meadow

22. JEAN-MICHEL BASQUIAT (1960-1988) -- Basquiat is undoubtedly the most important and famous member of the "graffiti movement" that appeared in the New York scene in the early'80s, an artistic movement whose enormous influence on later painting is still to be measured.

Untitled 1984

Basquiat

Fallen Angel

23. EDVARD MUNCH (1863-1944) – Modernist in his context, Munch could be also considered the first expressionist painter in history. Works like "The Scream" are vital to understanding the twentieth century painting.

The Scream

Munch

Madonna

Puberty


24. PIET MONDRIAN (1872 -1944) – Along with Kandinsky and Malevich, Mondrian is the leading figure of early abstract painting. After immigrating to New York, Mondrian filled his abstract paintings with a fascinating emotional quality, as we can see in his series of "boogie-woogies" created in the mid-40s.

Broadway Boogie—Woogie

Mondrian

Tableau I

25. PIERO DELLA FRANCESCA (1416-1492) - Despite being one of the most important figures of the quattrocento, the Art of Piero della Francesca has been described as ―cold‖, ―hieratic‖ or even ―impersonal‖. But with the apparition of Berenson and the great historians of his era, like Michel Hérubel -who defended the ―metaphysical dimension‖ of the paintings by Piero-, his precise and detailed Art finally occupied the place that it deserves in the Art history.

Polyptych of the Misericordia

Francesca

King Salomon and Queen of Sheba


26. PETER PAUL RUBENS (1577-1640) – Rubens was one of the most prolific painters of all time, thanks in part to the collaboration of his study. Very famous in life, he traveled around Europe to meet orders from very wealthy and important clients. His female nudes are still amazing in our days

The Conversion of St. Paul

Rubens

The Three Graces

27. ANDY WARHOL (1928-1987) – Brilliant and controversial, Warhol is the leading figure of pop-art and one of the icons of contemporary art. His silkscreen series depicting icons of the mass-media (as a reinterpretation of Monet's series of Water lilies or the Rouen Cathedral) are one of the milestones of contemporary Art, with a huge influence in the Art of our days.

Campbell’s Soup Can

Warhol

Gun

28. JOAN MIRÓ (1893-1983) – Like most geniuses, Miro is an unclassifiable artist. His interest in the world of the unconscious, those hidden in the depths of the mind, links him with Surrealism, but with a personal style, sometimes closer to Fauvism and Expressionism. His most important works are those from the series of "Constellations", created in the early 40s.

The Garden

Miro

Hand Catching a Bird


29. TOMASSO MASACCIO (1401-1428) – Masaccio was one of the first old masters to use the laws of scientific perspective in his works . One of the greatest innovative painters of the Early Renaissance.

Virgin Mary

Tribute Money

30. MARC CHAGALL (1887-1985) – Artist of dreams and fantasies, Chagall was for all his life an immigrant fascinated by the lights and colors of the places he visited. Few names from the School of Paris of the early twentieth century have contributed so much -and with such variety of ideas- to change modern Art as this man "impressed by the light," as he defined himself.

The Village and I

Chagall

Solitude

31. GUSTAVE COURBET (1819-1877) – Leading figure of realism, and a clear precedent for the impressionists, Courbet was one of the greatest revolutionaries, both as an artist and as a social-activist, of the history of painting. Like Rembrandt and other predecessors, Courbet did not seek to create beauty, but believed that beauty is achieved when and artist represents the purest reality without artifice.

Courbet

Sleep


32. TITIAN (c.1476-1576) – After the premature death of Giorgione, Titian became the leading figure of Venetian painting of his time. His use of color and his taste for mythological themes defined the main features of 16th century Venetian Art. His influence on later artists -Rubens, Velázquez...- is extremely important.

David and Goliath

Titian

Nymph and Shepherd

33. NICOLAS POUSSIN (1594-1665) – The greatest among the great French Baroque painters, Poussin had a vital influence on French painting for many centuries. His use of color is unique among all the painters of his era.

Et in Arcadia Ego

Poussin

St . Cecilia

34. WILLEM DE KOONING (1904-1997) – After Pollock, the leading figure of abstract expressionism, though one of his greatest contributions was not to feel limited by the abstraction, often resorting to a heartbreaking figurative painting (his series of "Women" are the best example) with a major influence on later artists such as Francis Bacon or Lucian Freud.

Woman I

Pink Angels

Abstraction


35. PAUL KLEE (1879-1940) – In a period of artistic revolutions and innovations, few artists were as crucial as Paul Klee. His studies of color, widely taught at the Bauhaus, are unique among all the artists of his time.

Parnassum

Klee

Paul Klee 1914

36. FRANCIS BACON (1909-1992) - Maximum exponent, along with Lucian Freud, of the so-called "School of London", Bacon's style was totally against all canons of painting, not only in those terms related to beauty, but also against the dominance of the Abstract Expressionism of his time

Study after Velázquez's Portrait of Pope Innocent X

Bacon

Painting 1946

37. GUSTAV KLIMT (1862-1918) – Half way between modernism and symbolism appears the figure of Gustav Klimt, who was also devoted to the industrial arts. His nearly abstract landscapes also make him a forerunner of geometric abstraction.

Adele Bloch-Bauer I

Klimt

The Kiss


Adele Bloch-Bauer I

Gustov Klimt


38. EUGÈNE DELACROIX (1798-1863) – Eugène Delacroix is the French romanticism painter "par excellence" and one of the most important names in the European painting of the first half of the 19th century. His famous ―Liberty leading the People‖ also demonstrates the capacity of Painting to become the symbol of an era.

Liberty Leading the People

Delacroix

Woman sitting in a Cemetery

39. PAOLO UCCELLO (1397-1475) – ―Solitary, eccentric, melancholic and poor‖. Giorgio Vasari described with these four words one of the most audacious geniuses of the early Florentine Renaissance, Paolo Uccello.

The Battle of San Romano

Uccello

Portrait of a Lady

40. WILLIAM BLAKE (1757-1827) – Revolutionary and mystic, painter and poet, Blake is one of the most fascinating artists of any era. His watercolors, prints and temperas are filled with a wild imagination (almost crazyness), unique among the artists of his era.

Ancient of Days

Blake

Red Dragon


41. KAZIMIR MALEVICH (1878-1935) – Creator of Suprematism, Malevich will forever be one of the most controversial figures of the history of art among the general public, divided between those who consider him an essential renewal and those who consider that his works based on polygons of pure colors do not deserve to be considered Art.

Suprematist Composition

Malevich

Taking in The Rye

42. ANDREA MANTEGNA (1431-1506) – One of the greatest exponents of the Quattrocento, interested in the human figure, which he often represented under extreme perspectives ("The Dead Christ")

Madonna with Child

Mantegna

The Dead Christ


Taking in the Rye

Kazimir Malevich


43. JAN VERMEER (1632-1675) – Vermeer was the leading figure of the Delft School, and for sure one of the greatest landscape painters of all time. Works such as "View of the Delft" are considered almost "impressionist" due to the liveliness of his brushwork. He was also a skilled portraitist.

Girl with Pearl Earring

Vermeer

The Milk Maid

The Astronomer

44. EL GRECO (1541-1614) – One of the most original and fascinating artists of his era, with a very personal technique that was admired, three centuries later, by the impressionist painters.

View of Toledo

El Greco

Dormition of the Virgin

45. CASPAR DAVID FRIEDRICH (1774-1840) – Leading figure of German Romantic painting, Friedrich is still identified as the painter of landscapes of loneliness and distress, with human figures facing the terrible magnificence of nature.

Sea of Ice

Friedrich

Abby in the Oak Forrest


46. WINSLOW HOMER (1836-1910) – The main figure of American painting of his era, Homer was a breath of fresh air for the American artistic scene, which was "stuck" in academic painting and the more romantic Hudson River School. Homer's loose and lively brushstroke is almost impressionistic.

The Fox Hunt

Homer

47. MARCEL DUCHAMP (1887-1968) – One of the major figures of Dadaism and a prototype of "total artist", Duchamp is one of the most important and controversial figures of his era. His contribution to painting is just a small part of his huge contribution to the art world.

Etant Donnes

Duchamp

Portrait of Chess Players


48. GIORGIONE (1478-1510) - Like so many other painters who died at young age, Giorgione (1477-1510) makes us wonder what place would his exquisite painting occupy in the history of Art if he had enjoyed a long existence, just like his direct artistic heir - Titian.

The Tempest

Giorgione

Fete Champetre

49. FRIDA KAHLO (1907-1954) – In recent years, Frida's increasing fame seems to have obscured her importance in Latin American art. On September 17th, 1925, Kahlo was almost killed in a terrible bus accident. She did not died, but the violent crash had terrible sequels, breaking her spinal column, pelvis, and right leg.. After this accident, Kahlo's self-portraits can be considered as quiet but terrible moans

The Little Deer

Kahlo

Moses (nucleus of creation)

50. JASPER JOHNS (born 1930) – The last living legend of the early Pop Art, although he has never considered himself a "pop artist". His most famous works are the series of "Flags" and "Targets".

Flag

Johns

False Start


51. SANDRO BOTTICELLI (1445-1510) – "If Botticelli were alive now he would be working for Vogue", said actor Peter Ustinov. As well as Raphael, Botticelli had been equally loved or hated in different eras, but his use of color is one of the most fascinating among all old masters.

Birth of Venus

Botticelli

52. ROY LICHTENSTEIN (1923-1977) – Along with Andy Warhol, the most famous figure of the American Pop-Art. His works are often related to the style of the comics, though Lichtenstein rejected that idea.

Kiss V

Lichtenstein

Hopeless

53. GEORGIA O'KEEFE (1887-1986) – A leading figure in the 20th century American Art, O'Keefe single-handedly redefined the Western American painting.

Rams Head

O’Keefe

Blue & Green Music


ROY LICHTENSTEIN--FIGURES IN LANDSCAPE


54. JEAN-ANTOINE WATTEAU (1684-1721) – Watteau is today considered one of the pioneers of rococo. Unfortunately, he died at the height of his powers, as it is evidenced in the great portrait of "Gilles" painted in the year of his death.

Pilgrimage to Cythera

Watteau

55. SALVADOR DALÍ (1904-1989) – "I am Surrealism!" shouted Dalí when he was expelled from the surrealist movement by André Breton. Although the quote sounds presumptuous (which was not unusual in Dalí), the fact is that Dalí's paintings are now the most famous images of all the surrealist movement.

The Persistence of Memory

Dali

56. MAX ERNST (1891-1976) – Halfway between Surrealism and Dadaism appears Max Ernst, important in both movements. Ernst was a brave artistic explorer thanks in part to the support of his wife and patron, Peggy Guggenheim


Oedipus Rex

Ernst

Ubu Imperator

57. TINTORETTO (1518-1594) - Tintoretto is the most flamboyant of all Venetian masters (not the best, such honour can only be reclaimed by Titian or Giorgione) and his remarkable oeuvre not only closed the Venetian splendour till the apparition of Canaletto and his contemporaries, but also makes him the last of the Cinquecento masters.

Miracle of the Slave

Tintoretto

The Origin of the Milky Way

58. PIERRE-AUGUSTE RENOIR (1841-1919) – One of the key figures of Impressionism, he soon left the movement to pursue a more personal, academic painting. Renoir's paintings are notable for their vibrant light and saturated color, most often focusing on people in intimate and candid compositions.

The Fisherman

Renoir

Bal au moulin de la Galette


59. ALEX GREY (1445-1510) – Grey’s paintings can be described as a blend of sacred, visionary art and postmodern art. He is best known for his paintings of glowing anatomical human bodies, images that ―x-ray‖ the multiple layers of reality.

Namaste

Grey

Wonder

60. DAVID HOCKNEY (born 1937) - David Hockney is one of the living myths of the Pop Art. Born in Great Britain, he moved to California, where he immediately felt identified with the light, the culture and the urban landscape of the 'Golden State'

The Big Splash

Hockney

The Road to York Through Sledmere

61. UMBERTO BOCCIONI (1882-1916) – The maximum figure of Italian Futurism, fascinated by the world of the machine, and the movement as a symbol of contemporary times.

Elasticity

Boccioni

A strada entra nella casa


62. JOACHIM PATINIR (1480-1524) – Much less technically gifted than other Flemish painters like Memling or van der Weyden, his contribution to the history of art is vital for the incorporation of landscape as a major element in the painting.

Charon crossing the Styx

Baptism of Christ

63. DUCCIO DA BUONISEGNA (c.1255/60 – 1318/19) – While in Florence Giotto di Bondone was changing the history of painting, Duccio of Buonisegna provided a breath of fresh air to the important Sienese School.

Maestà del Duomo di Siena


64. ROGER VAN DER WEYDEN (1399-1464) – After Van Eyck, the leading exponent of Flemish painting in the fifteenth century; a master of perspective and composition.

Portrait of a Young Woman

Van Der Weyden

Little Summer

Mary Magdalene

65. JOHN CONSTABLE (1776-1837) – John Constable (1776-1837) is, along with Turner, the great figure of English romanticism. But unlike his contemporary, he never left England, and he devoted all his time to represent the life and landscapes of his beloved England.

Dedham Vale

Constable

The Hay Wain

66. JACQUES-LOUIS DAVID (1748-1825) – David is the summit of neoclassicism, a grandiloquent artist whose compositions seem to reflect his own hectic and revolutionary life.

The Death of Marat

Louis-David

Equestrian Stanislaw Kostka Potocki

Napoleon at the Saint -Bernard Pass


67. ARSHILLE GORKY (1905-1948) – Armenian-born American painter, Gorky was a surrealist painter and also one of the leaders of abstract expressionism. He was called "the Ingres of the unconscious".

The Artist and his Mother

Gorky

The Liver is the Cocks Comb

68. HIERONYMUS BOSCH (1450-1516) – An extremely religious man, all works by Bosch are basically moralizing, didactic. The artist sees in the society of his time the triumph of sin, the depravation, and all the things that have caused the fall of the human being from its angelical character; and he wants to warn his contemporaries about the terrible consequences of his impure acts. The Garden of Earthly Delights


69. PIETER BRUEGEL THE ELDER (1528-1569) - Many scholars and art critics claim to have found important similarities between the works by Hyeronimus Bosch and those by Brueghel, but the truth is that the differences between both of them are abysmal. Whereas Bosch's fantasies are born of a deep deception and preoccupation for the human being, with a clearly moralizing message; works by Bruegel are full of irony, and even filled with a love for the rural life, which seems to anticipate the Dutch landscape paintings from the next century.

Landscape with the Fall of Icarus

The Tower of Babel

70. SIMONE MARTINI (1284-1344) – One of the great painters of the Trecento, he was a step further and helped to expand its progress, which culminated in the "International Style".

Beato Agostino Novello and Four of his Miracles

Martini

Annunciation

71. FREDERICK EDWIN CHURCH (1826-1900) - Church represents the culmination of the Hudson River School: he had Cole's love for the landscape, Asher Brown Durand's romantic lyricism, and Albert Bierstadt's grandiloquence, but he was braver and technically more gifted than anyone of them. Church is without any doubt one of the greatest landscape painters of all time, perhaps only surpassed by Turner and some impressionists and postimpressionists like Monet or CĂŠzanne.


Landscape

Iceberg

72. EDWARD HOPPER (1882-1967) – Hopper is widely known as the painter of urban loneliness. His most famous work, the fabulous "Nighthawks" (1942) has become the symbol of the solitude of the contemporary metropolis, and it is one of the icons of the 20th century Art.

Nighthawks

Hopper

73. LUCIO FONTANA (1899-1968) – Father of the "White Manifesto", in which he stated that "Matter, colour and sound in motion are the phenomena whose simultaneous development makes up the new art". His ―Concepts Spatiales‖ are already icons of the art of the second half of the twentieth century.

Pananti

Fontana

Concetto Spaziale

74. FRANZ MARC (1880-1916) – After Kandinsky, the great figure of the Expressionist group "The Blue Rider" and one of the most important expressionist painters ever. He died at the height of his artistic powers, when his use of color was even anticipating the later abstraction.

Tower of Blue Horses

Deer in the Woods II

Fate of the Animals


75. ROBERT RAUSCHENBERG (1925-2008) –Rauschenberg is well-known for his "Combines" of the 1950s, in which non-traditional materials and objects were employed in innovative combinations.

Charlene

Rauschenberg

Songs4Sale

76. JAMES MCNEILL WHISTLER (1856-1921) – Along with Winslow Homer, the great figure of American painting of his time. Whistler was an excellent portraitist, which is shown in the fabulous portrait of his mother, considered one of the great masterpieces of American painting of all time.

Symphony in White: The White Girl

Whistler

Portrait of the Artist’s Mother

77. THEODORE GÉRICAULT (1791-1824) – Key figure in romanticism, revolutionary in his life and works despite his bourgeois origins. In his masterpiece, "The raft of the Medusa", Gericault creates a painting that we can define as "politically incorrect", as it depicts the miseries of a large group of castaways abandoned after the shipwreck of a French naval frigate.

Raft of Medusa Poster

Gericault

Officer of Hussars


78. WILLIAM HOGARTH (1697-1764) – A list of the great portrait painters of all time should never miss the name of William Hogarth, whose studies and sketches could even qualify as "pre-impressionist".

Marriage a-la-mode (Scene II)

Hogarth

The Bench

79. CAMILLE COROT (1796-1875) – One of the great figures of French realism in the 19th century and certainly one of the major influences for the impressionist painters like Monet or Renoir, thanks to his love for "plen-air" painting, emphasizing the use of light.

Woman with a Pearl

Corot

Ville- d'Avrey, Cowherd in a Clearing near a Pond

80. GEORGES BRAQUE (1882-1963) – Along with Picasso and Juan Gris, the main figure of Cubism, the most important of the avantgardes of the 20th century Art.

Violin and Candlestick

Woman with a Guitar

Musical Instruments


81. HANS MEMLING (1435-1494) – Perhaps the most complete and "well-balanced" of all fifteenth century Flemish painters, although he was not as innovative as Van Eyck or van der Weyden.

The Last Judgment

Memling

82. LUCAS CRANACH SR. (1472-1553) – One of the most important artists of recent decades, Richter is known either for his fierce and colorful abstractions or his serene landscapes and scenes with candles.

Young Mother with Child

Venus & Cupid

Cranach

Suicide of Lucretia

83. GEORGES-PIERRE SEURAT (1884-1920) – Seurat altered the direction of modern art by initiating Neo-impressionism, and is one of the icons of 19th century painting.

A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte

Seurat

La Parade


84. GEORGES DE LA TOUR (1593-1652) – The influence of Caravaggio is evident in De la Tour, whose use of light and shadows is unique among the painters of the Baroque era.

St. Joseph

Magdalen with the Smoking Flame

The New Born Christ

85. ARTEMISIA GENTILESCHI (1593-1656) – One of the most gifted artists of the early baroque era, she was the first female painter to become a member of the Accademia di Arte del Disegno in Florence. She was one of the first female artists to paint historical and religious paintings, at a time when such heroic themes were considered beyond a woman's reach.

Susanna and the Elders

Gentileschi

Judith Slaying Holofernes

Judith and her Maidservant

86. JEAN FRANÇOIS MILLET (1814-1875) – One of the main figures of the Barbizon School, author of one of the most emotive paintings of the 19th century: The "Angelus".

The Gleaners

Millet

Woman Baking Bread


87. EMILY CARR (1871-1945) – One of the first painters in Canada to adopt a post-impressionist painting style, Carr did not receive widespread recognition for her work until later in her life. Many books have been published about her, including ones for children. Novelist Susan Vreeland wrote "The Forest Lover" in 2004 based on events from Carr's life, using Emily Carr as the main character/protagonist and altering some characters and chronology for the purpose of pacing.

Indian Church

Carr

The Red Cedar

The Crying Totem

88. ARCHIBALD MOTLEY (1891-1981) – He is most famous for his colorful chronicling of the African-American experience during the 1920s and 1930s, and is considered one of the major contributors to the Harlem Renaissance. One of the more prolific crowd scene artists for almost a century.

Sugar shack

Motley

Octoroon Girl

89. AUGUSTUS JOHN (1860-1949) – Violent painter whose strong, almost "unfinished" works make him a precursor of Expressionism.

The Jamaican Girls

John

Cello


90. RENÉ MAGRITTE (1898-1967) – One of the leading figures of surrealism, his apparently simple works are the result of a complex reflection about reality and the world of dreams

Son of a Man

Rene Magritte

The Human Condition

91. TAKASHI MURAKAMI (1962) – a prolific contemporary Japanese artist whose work in "Superflat" paintings is unmatched. As the youngest on the Swordfish list, Murakami represents the future of Warhol, Lichtenstein collectors.

Kaikai Kiki News

Murakami

Print 3

92. AKIANE KRAMARIK (1994) – Starting at age 6 as a child prodigy this young artist credits her inspiration and immense talent to visions from God. Her attention to detail is unparalleled at any age.


93. DANTE GABRIEL ROSSETTI (1828-1882) – Perhaps the key figure in the pre-Raphaelite movement, Rossetti left the poetry to focus on classic painting with a style that influenced the symbolism.

A Vision of Fiammetta

Rossetti

Lady Lilith

Proserpine

94. PIERRE BONNARD (1867-1947) – Bonnard is known for his intense use of color, especially via areas built with small brush marks and close values. His often complex compositions—typically of sunlit interiors of rooms and gardens populated with friends and family members—are both narrative and autobiographical.

Siesta

Bonnard

Nude Against Daylight

95. LUCIAN FREUD (1922) – Freud's early paintings are often associated with surrealism and depict people, plants and animals in unusual juxtapositions. These works are usually painted with relatively thin paint.

Girl with White Dog

Freud

The Queen


96. GUSTAVE MOREAU (1826-1898) – One of the key figures of symbolism, introverted and mysterious in life, but very free and colorful in his works.

Europa and the Bull

Moreau

Hesiod and the Muse

Jupiter and Semele

97. GIORGIO DE CHIRICO (1888-1978) – Considered the father of metaphysical painting and a major influence on the Surrealist movement. Many of De Chirico’s works are left open for interpretation.

Hector and Andromache

De Chirico

Love Song

98. FERNAND LÉGER (1881-1955) – At first a cubist, Leger was increasingly attracted to the world of machinery and movement, creating works such as "The Discs" (1918).

Railway Crossing

Two Women

The City


99. JEAN-AUGUSTE-DOMINIQUE INGRES (1780-1867) – Ingres was the most prominent disciple of the most famous neoclassicist painter, Jacques Louis David, so he should not be considered an innovator. He was, however, a master of classic portrait.

The Turkish Bath

Ingres

The Source

100. GIOTTO DI BONDONE (1267-1337) – It has been said that Giotto was the first real painter, like Adam was the first man. We agree with the first part. Giotto continued the Byzantine style of Cimabue and other predecessors, but he earned the right to be included in gold letters in the history of painting when he added a quality unknown to date: emotion

Lamentation

Giotto

Legend of St. Francis


101. PIETER HOLBEIN (1525—1569)

Netherlandish Proverbs

102. DIEGO VELÁZQUEZ (1599 –1660)

Madonna

Velázquez


Allegory of Sight


104. KATSUSHIKA HOKUSAI (1760 –1849)

The Great Wave of Kanagawa

105. CAMILLE PISSARRO (1830 –1903)

Landscape in the Vicinity of Louveciennes

Pissarro

The Boulevard Montmartre On A Winter Morning


106. EDGAR DEGAS (1834—1917)

New Orleans Cotton Exchange

The Dance Class

107. CHEN HONGSHOU (1598–1652) Hongshou was a painter of the Ming dynasty. He once trained under Lan Ying, and was skilled in painting peculiar human figures, landscapes, flower-and-bird. He utilized plump, profound brushwork and precise color, creating a unique style.

Magnolia and Erect Rock

Hongshou

Appreciating Plums


108. PETER MAX (1937--) Max creations evoke psychedelic merge of bright colors and vivid animation popular in the 60’s and 70’s. Peter Max is one of 20th century’s greatest Pop artists.

Love

Max

Liberty & Justice for All

Want to experience these works of art in person? Book a trip and see for yourself… www.finearttravel.co.uk


The Most Important Sculptors in History ALESSANDRO ALGARDI

In temperament, Algardi’s style was more akin to the classicized and restrained baroque of Duquesnoy than to the emotive works of other baroque artists. From an artistic point of view, he was most successful in portrait-statues and groups of children, where he was obliged to follow nature most closely. His terracotta models, some of them finished works of art, were prized by collectors around the world.

Museo Sacro III


LORENZO BARTOLINI

GUTZON BORGLUM

Mt. Rushmore

GIOVANNI LORENZO BERNINI

Piazza Novanna

CONSTANTIN BRANCUSI ANTONIO CANOVA

f s g s r

The Three Graces

EDGAR DEGAS


The Little Fourteen Year old Dancer

ADRIAEN DE VRIES

Lacoon

DONNATELLO

Bas-relief or low-relief is a projection of image with a shallow overall depth, example used on coins. Donatello’s use convey depth to his compositions, especially scenes with many figures is unprecedented. used relief the way a painter uses lighter co for the same purpose in painting.

Children Holding Hands

ALBERTO GIACOMETTI

Obsessed with creating his sculptures exactly as he envisaged through his unique view of reality, Giacometti often carved until they were as thin as nails and reduced to the size of a pack of


Three Men Walking

DAMIEN HIRST

The Physical Impossibility of Death in the Mind of Someone Living

HENRI MATISSE


Jeanette Collection

MICHELANGELO

Pieta

AMEDEO MODIGLIANI

RON MUECK


Crouching Boy Head

PABLO PICASO

She-Goat

FREDERIC REMINGTON


Remington specialized in depictions of the Ol American West, specifically concentrating on th last quarter of the 19th century American We and images of cowboys, American Indians, an the U.S. Cavalry. His style was naturalistic sometimes impressionistic, and usually veere away from the ethnographic realism of earlie Western artists such as George Catlin. His focu was firmly on the people and animals of the Wes with landscape usually of secondary importance.

Cowboy

AUGUSTE RODIN

AUGUSTA SAVAGE

Harp

The Thinker

WILARD WIGAN


Wizard of Oz

The Most Important Photographers in History WILLIAM HENRY FOX TALBOT (1800—1877)


Latticed Window at Lacock Abbey, 1835 (The oldest photo in existence)

MATTHEW B. BRADY (1822—1896)

Fox-Talbot

Oak Tree, 1842


Abraham Lincoln, 1863

Brady

ALFRED STIEGLITZ (1864—1946)

A Bit of Venice, 1893

ADDISON SCURLOCK (1883-1964)

Portrait of R, 1923


Madam CJ Walker, 1914

EDWARD STEICHEN (1879—1973)

Marian Anderson at Lincoln Memorial, 1939


JP Morgan, 1903

ANSEL ADAMS (1902—1984)

Gloria Swanson, 1924

Steichen


Desert

HENRI CARTIER-BRESSON (1908—2004)

Dieppe, 1926

W. EUGENE SMITH (1918—1978)

Looking Before They Leap, 1976


Spanish Spinner, 1950

The Walk to Paradise Garden, 1946

DIANE ARBUS (1923—1971)

Identical Twins, Roselle, New Jersey, 1967

PAUL STRAND (1890—1976)

Child with Toy Hand Grenade in Central Park, 1962


Blind Woman, 1917

Automobile, 1932

JEROME LIEBLING (1924)

Butterfly Boy, 1949

JAMES VAN DER ZEE (1886—1983)

Coal Worker, 1952


Cadillac Couple on West 127th Street, 1932

Marcus Garvey, 1922

JOE ROSENTHAL (1911—2006)

Raising the Flag in Iwo Jima, 1945

EDWARD CURTIS (1868—1952)

Rosenthal, 1945


Oasis in the Badlands, 1905

YOUSUF KARSH (1908—2002)

Chief 1800’s


Humphrey Bogart, 1946

BERENICE ABBOTT (1898—1991)

Nelson Mandela, 1990

Karsh


Abbott, 1979

Under the El at the Battery, New York, 1936

GEORGE HURRELL (1904—1992)

Clark Gable, 1932

ALEXEY BRODOVITCH

Norma Shearer, 1939


ERWIN BLUMENFELD (1897 – 1969)


Audrey Hepburn, 1952

ALBERTO KORDA (1928—2001)

Sur la Tour Eiffel, 1938


Che Guevara, 1960

ANNE GEDDES (1956—)

Korda


The Tulip Crib

ROY DECARAVA (1919 – 2009)

Pea in a Pod


Woman on Train, 1961

HAROLD ―DOC‖ EDGERTON (1903–1990)

John Coltrane, 1960


Stopping Time, 1964

Milk drop Coronet ,1957

ROBERT FRANK (1924- )

Girl Smoking

ARTHUR SASSE

London 1952


Marilyn Monroe 1955

CHARLES C. EBBETS (1905–1978)

Albert Einstein 1951


New York Construction Workers Lunching on a Crossbeam 1932

KEVIN CARTER

Ebbets


Vulture Stalking a Child 1993

ALFRED EISENSTAEDT

Untitled


The Kiss 1945

MALCOLM W. BROWNE

Children at Paris Puppet Theater 1963


The Burning Monk 1963

RICHARD AVEDON

Homage to Munkacsi, Paris 1957

IMOGEN CUNNINGHAM

Dovima with Elephants 1955


The Dream 1910

JUDY DATER

Martha Graham 1931

Cunningham


Imogen and Twinka at Yosemite

GORDON PARKS

Dater


American Gothic Washington D.C.

ANNIE LEIBOVITZ

Parks


Susan at Home

Leibovitz

MONETA SLEET, JR.

Martin Luther King non-violent March

Sleet Jr.

Grieving Coretta


JERRY UELSMANN

(Before photoshop)

House on Roots 1982

The Floating Tree

HARRY BENSON

James Brown, Georgia, 1979

Beatles Pillow Fight 1964

The 25 Most Important Directors in Film 1. ALFRED HITCHCOCK


2. FRANCIS FORD COPPOLA


3. ORSON WELLES


4. GEORGE STEVENS

5. JOHN FORD


6. STANLEY KUBRICK

7. CECIL B. DEMILLE


8. CHARLIE CHAPLIN

9. FEDERICO FELLINI


10. STEVEN SPIELBERG

11. MARTIN SCORSESE


12. ROMAN POLANSKI

13. INGMAR BERGMAN


14. JOHN CASSAVETES

15. BILLY WILDER


16. JEAN RENOIR

17. WOODY ALLEN


18. HOWARD HAWKS

19. CLINT EASTWOOD


20. BUSTER KEATON

21. FRITZ LANG


22. JOHN HUSTON

23. JAMES CAMERON


24. LUIS BUNUEL

25. ERNST LUBITSCH


―We Wear the Mask‖ WE wear the mask that grins and lies, It hides our cheeks and shades our eyes, — This debt we pay to human guile; With torn and bleeding hearts we smile, And mouth with myriad subtleties. Why should the world be over-wise, In counting all our tears and sighs? Nay, let them only see us, while We wear the mask. We smile, but, O great Christ, our cries To thee from tortured souls arise. We sing, but oh the clay is vile Beneath our feet, and long the mile; But let the world dream otherwise, We wear the mask! Paul Laurence Dunbar


100 Poems You Must Read (In no particular order)

To My Brother Miguel in Memoriam by César Vallejo

Jabberwocky by Lewis Carroll

My Last Duchess by Robert Browning

The Bean Eaters by Gwendolyn Brooks

Odysseus to Telemachus by Joseph Brodsky

The Chimney-Sweeper by William Blake

A Blessing by James Wright

D E A D POETS SOCIETY

Just off the highway to Rochester, Minnesota, Twilight bounds softly forth on the grass. And the eyes of those two Indian ponies Darken with kindness. They have come gladly out of the willows To welcome my friend and me. We step over the barbed wire into the pasture Where they have been grazing all day, alone. They ripple tensely; they can hardly contain their happiness That we have come. They bow shyly as wet swans. They love each other. There is no loneliness like theirs. At home once more, they begin munching the young tufts of spring in the darkness. I would like to hold the slenderer one in my arms, For she has walked over to me And nuzzled my left hand. She is black and white, Her mane falls wild on her forehead, And the light breeze moves me to caress her long ear That is delicate as the skin over a girl's wrist. Suddenly I realize That if I stepped out of my body I would break Into blossom. Emily Dickinson

Diving Into the Wreck by Adrienne Rich

Her Kind by Anne Sexton

Howl (Parts I & II) by Allen Ginsberg

The Writer by Richard Wilbur

It's All I Have to Bring Today by Emily Dickinson

My Mistress' Eyes Are Nothing L ike The Sun by W. Shakespeare


This Is Just To Say by William Carlos Williams I have eaten the plums that were in the icebox and which you were probably saving for breakfast Forgive me they were delicious so sweet and so cold

Panther Man

by

James

Emanuel

Tess Gallagher

Red

Poppy

by Tess Gallagher

We

Wear

the Mask by Paul Laurence Dunbar

The Rime of

the Ancient Mariner by Samuel Taylor

Coleridge

Filling

Station by Elizabeth Bishop

The

Unknown Citizen by Wystan H.

Auden Alone

by

Lying, thinking How to find my soul a home Where water is not thirsty And bread loaf is not stone I came up with one thing And I don't believe I'm wrong That nobody, But nobody Can make it out here alone. W.H. Auden

Alone, all alone Nobody, but nobody Can make it out here alone. There are some millionaires With money they can't use Their wives run round like banshees

Maya Angelou Last night


Their children sing the blues They've got expensive doctors To cure their hearts of stone. But nobody No, nobody Can make it out here alone. Alone, all alone Nobody, but nobody Can make it out here alone. Now if you listen closely I'll tell you what I know Storm clouds are gathering The wind is gonna blow The race of man is suffering And I can hear the moan, 'Cause nobody, But nobody Can make it out here alone. Alone, all alone Nobody, but nobody Can make it out here alone. Ted Kooser

Happiness by Raymond Carver

I Am Not Yours by Sara Teasdale

A Life by Sylvia Plath

A Birthday Poem by Ted Kooser

Seeker Of Truth by E. E. Cummings Romance by Edgar Allan Poe ROMANCE who loves to nod and sing With drowsy head and folded wing Among the green leaves as they shake Far down within some shadowy lake To me a painted paroquet Hath been — a most familiar bird — Taught me my alphabet to say — To lisp my very earliest word While in the wild wood I did lie A child — with a most knowing eye. Of late, eternal Condor years So shake the very air on high With tumult, as they thunder by, I hardly have had time for cares Thro' gazing on th' unquiet sky!


And, when an hour with calmer wings Its down upon my spirit flings — That little time with lyre and rhyme To while away — forbidden things! My heart would feel to be a crime Did it not tremble with the strings!

If Those I Loved Were Lost by Emily Dickinson

Touched by An Angel by Maya Angelou

Still I Rise by Maya Angelou

Let America Be America Again by Langston Hughes

I Wandered Lonely As A Cloud by William Wordsworth

A Word to Husbands by Ogden Nash

Bear In There by Shel Silverstein

William Wordsworth

There's a Polar Bear In our Frigidaire-He likes it 'cause it's cold in there. With his seat in the meat And his face in the fish And his big hairy paws In the buttery dish, He's nibbling the noodles, He's munching the rice, He's slurping the soda, He's licking the ice. And he lets out a roar If you open the door. And it gives me a scare To know he's in there— That Polary Bear In our Fridgitydaire.

Stopping by Woods On a Snowy Evening by Robert Frost

Those Winter Sundays by Robert Hayden

Goblin Market by Christina Rossetti

The Dole of the King's Daughter by Oscar Wilde

The Charge of the Light Brigade by Lord Alfred Tennyson

Epithalamion by E.E. Cummings

In Arthur's House by William Morris

Two In The Campagna by Robert Browning

Funeral Blues by W. H. Auden Stop all the clocks,

Robert Hayden


cut off the telephone, Prevent the dog from barking with a juicy bone, Silence the pianos and with muffled drum Bring out the coffin, let the mourners come. Let airplanes circle moaning overhead Scribbling on the sky the message He is Dead. Put crepe bows round the white necks of the public doves, Let the traffic policemen wear black cotton gloves. He was my North, my South, my East and West, My working week and my Sunday rest, Dante Gabriel Rossetti

My noon, my midnight, my talk, my song; I thought that love would last forever: I was wrong. The stars are not wanted now; put out every one, Pack up the moon and dismantle the sun, Pour away the ocean and sweep up the woods; For nothing now can ever come to any good.

I Cannot L ive With You by Emily Dickinson

The Blessed Damozel by Dante Gabriel Rossetti

If You Have Seen by Thomas Moore

The Fairy Temple; Or, Oberon's Chapel by Robert

Herrick No Second Troy by William Butler Yeats WHY should I blame her that she filled my days With misery, or that she would of late Have taught to ignorant men most violent ways, Or hurled the little streets upon the great. Had they but courage equal to desire? What could have made her peaceful with a mind That nobleness made simple as a fire, With beauty like a tightened bow, a kind That is not natural in an age like this, Being high and solitary and most stern? Why, what could she have done, being what she is? Was there another Troy for her to burn?

The Waste Land by T. S. Eliot

The Lady of the Lake (excerpt) by Sir Walter Scott

T.S. Eliot


Sick by Shel Silverstein

Deaths And Entrances by Dylan Thomas

The Poor Ghost by Christina Rossetti

By An Evolutionist by Alfred Lord Tennyson

Dover Beach by Matthew Arnold

One Hundred and Three by Henry Lawson

Seven Ages Of Man by William Shakespeare All the world's a stage, And all the men and women merely players; They have their exits and their entrances; And one man in his time plays many parts, His acts being seven ages. At first the infant, Mewling and puking in the nurse's arms; And then the whining school-boy, with his satchel And shining morning face, creeping like snail Unwillingly to school. And then the lover, Sighing like furnace, with a woeful ballad Made to his mistress' eyebrow. Then a soldier, Full of strange oaths, and bearded like the pard, Jealous in honour, sudden and quick in quarrel, Seeking the bubble reputation Even in the cannon's mouth. And then the justice, In fair round belly with good capon lin'd, With eyes severe and beard of formal cut, Full of wise saws and modern instances; And so he plays his part. The sixth age shifts Into the lean and slipper'd pantaloon, With spectacles on nose and pouch on side; His youthful hose, well sav'd, a world too wide For his shrunk shank; and his big manly voice, Turning again toward childish treble, pipes And whistles in his sound. Last scene of all, That ends this strange eventful history, Is second childishness and mere oblivion; Sans teeth, sans eyes, sans taste, sans everything.

Frost At Midnight by Samuel Taylor Coleridge

A Poet To His Beloved by William Butler Yeats

Thy Days Are Done by Lord Byron

Dedication by Robert Louis Stevenson

Edgar Allen Poe




During Wind And Rain by Thomas Hardy



The Raven by Edgar Allan Poe Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered weak and weary, Over many a quaint and curious volume of forgotten lore, While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping, As of some one gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door. `'Tis some visitor,' I muttered, `tapping at my chamber door Only this, and nothing more.' Ah, distinctly I remember it was in the bleak December, And each separate dying ember wrought its ghost upon the floor. Eagerly I wished the morrow; - vainly I had sought to borrow From my books surcease of sorrow - sorrow for the lost Lenore For the rare and radiant maiden whom the angels named Lenore Nameless here for evermore. And the silken sad uncertain rustling of each purple curtain Thrilled me - filled me with fantastic terrors never felt before; So that now, to still the beating of my heart, I stood repeating `'Tis some visitor entreating entrance at my chamber door Some late visitor entreating entrance at my chamber door; This it is, and nothing more,' Presently my soul grew stronger; hesitating then no longer, `Sir,' said I, `or Madam, truly your forgiveness I implore; But the fact is I was napping, and so gently you came rapping, And so faintly you came tapping, tapping at my chamber door, That I scarce was sure I heard you' - here I opened wide the door; Darkness there, and nothing more. Deep into that darkness peering, long I stood there wondering, fearing, Doubting, dreaming dreams no mortal ever dared to dream before; But the silence was unbroken, and the darkness gave no token, And the only word there spoken was the whispered word, `Lenore!' This I whispered, and an echo murmured back the word, `Lenore!' Merely this and nothing more. Back into the chamber turning, all my soul within me burning, Soon again I heard a tapping somewhat louder than before. `Surely,' said I, `surely that is something at my window lattice; Let me see then, what thereat is, and this mystery explore Let my heart be still a moment and this mystery explore; 'Tis the wind and nothing more!' Open here I flung the shutter, when, with many a flirt and flutter, In there stepped a stately raven of the saintly days of yore. Not the least obeisance made he; not a minute stopped or stayed he; But, with mien of lord or lady, perched above my chamber door Perched upon a bust of Pallas just above my chamber door Perched, and sat, and nothing more.


Then this ebony bird beguiling my sad fancy into smiling, By the grave and stern decorum of the countenance it wore, `Though thy crest be shorn and shaven, thou,' I said, `art sure no craven. Ghastly grim and ancient raven wandering from the nightly shore Tell me what thy lordly name is on the Night's Plutonian shore!' Quoth the raven, `Nevermore.' Much I marvelled this ungainly fowl to hear discourse so plainly, Though its answer little meaning - little relevancy bore; For we cannot help agreeing that no living human being Ever yet was blessed with seeing bird above his chamber door Bird or beast above the sculptured bust above his chamber door, With such name as `Nevermore.' But the raven, sitting lonely on the placid bust, spoke only, That one word, as if his soul in that one word he did outpour. Nothing further then he uttered - not a feather then he fluttered Till I scarcely more than muttered `Other friends have flown before On the morrow he will leave me, as my hopes have flown before.' Then the bird said, `Nevermore.' Startled at the stillness broken by reply so aptly spoken, `Doubtless,' said I, `what it utters is its only stock and store, Caught from some unhappy master whom unmerciful disaster Followed fast and followed faster till his songs one burden bore Till the dirges of his hope that melancholy burden bore Of "Never-nevermore."' But the raven still beguiling all my sad soul into smiling, Straight I wheeled a cushioned seat in front of bird and bust and door; Then, upon the velvet sinking, I betook myself to linking Fancy unto fancy, thinking what this ominous bird of yore What this grim, ungainly, ghastly, gaunt, and ominous bird of yore Meant in croaking `Nevermore.' This I sat engaged in guessing, but no syllable expressing To the fowl whose fiery eyes now burned into my bosom's core; This and more I sat divining, with my head at ease reclining On the cushion's velvet lining that the lamp-light gloated o'er, But whose velvet violet lining with the lamp-light gloating o'er, She shall press, ah, nevermore! Then, methought, the air grew denser, perfumed from an unseen censer Swung by Seraphim whose foot-falls tinkled on the tufted floor. `Wretch,' I cried, `thy God hath lent thee - by these angels he has sent thee Respite - respite and nepenthe from thy memories of Lenore! Quaff, oh quaff this kind nepenthe, and forget this lost Lenore!' Quoth the raven, `Nevermore.' `Prophet!' said I, `thing of evil! - prophet still, if bird or devil! Whether tempter sent, or whether tempest tossed thee here ashore, Desolate yet all undaunted, on this desert land enchanted On this home by horror haunted - tell me truly, I implore -


Is there - is there balm in Gilead? - tell me - tell me, I implore!' Quoth the raven, `Nevermore.' `Prophet!' said I, `thing of evil! - prophet still, if bird or devil! By that Heaven that bends above us - by that God we both adore Tell this soul with sorrow laden if, within the distant Aidenn, It shall clasp a sainted maiden whom the angels named Lenore Clasp a rare and radiant maiden, whom the angels named Lenore?' Quoth the raven, `Nevermore.' `Be that word our sign of parting, bird or fiend!' I shrieked upstarting `Get thee back into the tempest and the Night's Plutonian shore! Leave no black plume as a token of that lie thy soul hath spoken! Leave my loneliness unbroken! - quit the bust above my door! Take thy beak from out my heart, and take thy form from off my door!' Quoth the raven, `Nevermore.' And the raven, never flitting, still is sitting, still is sitting On the pallid bust of Pallas just above my chamber door; And his eyes have all the seeming of a demon's that is dreaming, And the lamp-light o'er him streaming throws his shadow on the floor; And my soul from out that shadow that lies floating on the floor Shall be lifted - nevermore!

Birches by Robert Frost Kim Addonizio

Mending Wall by Robert Frost

Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night by Dylan Thomas

What Do Women Want? by Kim Addonizio

Daddy by Sylvia Plath

Autumn Begins in Martins Ferry, Ohio by James Wright

I Taught Myself To Live Simply by Anna Akhmatova I taught myself to live simply and wisely, to look at the sky and pray to God, and to wander long before evening to tire my superfluous worries. When the burdocks rustle in the ravine and the yellow-red rowanberry cluster droops I compose happy verses about life's decay, decay and beauty. I come back. The fluffy cat licks my palm, purrs so sweetly and the fire flares bright on the saw-mill turret by the lake. Only the cry of a stork landing on the roof occasionally breaks the silence.


If you knock on my door I may not even hear.

The Broken Heart by William Barnes

Robert Burns

As Soon as Fred Gets Out of Bed by Jack Prelutsky

America by Allen Ginsberg

Success Is Counted Sweetest by Emily Dickinson

To A Mouse by Robert Burns

To My Wife - With A Copy Of My Poems by Oscar Wilde

A Girl by Ezra Pound

A Dream Within A Dream by Edgar Allan

Poe I Carry Your Heart With Me by E. E. Cummings i carry your heart with me (i carry it in my heart) i am never without it (anywhere i go you go, my dear; and whatever is done by only me is your doing, my darling) i fear no fate (for you are my fate, my sweet) i want no world (for beautiful you are my world, my true) and it's you are whatever a moon has always meant and whatever a sun will always sing is you here is the deepest secret nobody knows (here is the root of the root and the bud of the bud and the sky of the sky of a tree called life; which grows higher than the soul can hope or mind can hide) and this is the wonder that's keeping the stars apart i carry your heart (i carry it in my heart)

If You Forget Me by Pablo Neruda Mark Strand

Where the Sidewalk Ends by Shel Silverstein


Dream Deferred by Langston Hughes

O Captain! My Captain! by Walt Whitman

The New Poetry Handbook by Mark Strand

The Mother by Gwendolyn Brooks

There is Another Sky by Emily Dickinson

Fast Rode the Knight by Stephen Crane

And The Moon And The Stars And The World by Charles Bukowski

To You by Walt Whitman Whoever you are, I fear you are walking the walks of dreams, I fear these supposed realities are to melt from under your feet and hands, Even now your features, joys, speech, house, trade, manners, troubles, follies, costume, crimes, dissipate away from you, Your true soul and body appear before me. They stand forth out of affairs, out of commerce, shops, work, farms, clothes, the house, buying, selling, eating, drinking, suffering, dying. Whoever you are, now I place my hand upon you, that you be my poem, I whisper with my lips close to your ear. I have loved many women and men, but I love none better than you. O I have been dilatory and dumb, I should have made my way straight to you long ago, I should have blabb'd nothing but you, I should have chanted nothing but you. I will leave all and come and make the hymns of you, None has understood you, but I understand you, None has done justice to you, you have not done justice to yourself, None but has found you imperfect, I only find no imperfection in you, None but would subordinate you, I only am he who will never consent to subordinate you, I only am he who places over you no master, owner, better, God, beyond what waits intrinsically in yourself. Painters have painted their swarming groups and the centre-figure of all, From the head of the centre-figure spreading a nimbus of gold-color'd light, But I paint myriads of heads, but paint no head without its nimbus of gold-color'd light, From my hand from the brain of every man and woman it streams,


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effulgently flowing forever. O I could sing such grandeurs and glories about you! You have not known what you are, you have slumber'd upon yourself all your life, Your eyelids have been the same as closed most of the time, What you have done returns already in mockeries, (Your thrift, knowledge, prayers, if they do not return in mockeries, what is their return?) The mockeries are not you, Underneath them and within them I see you lurk, I pursue you where none else has pursued you, Silence, the desk, the flippant expression, the night, the accustom'd routine, if these conceal you from others or from yourself, they do not conceal you from me, The shaved face, the unsteady eye, the impure complexion, if these balk others they do not balk me, The pert apparel, the deform'd attitude, drunkenness, greed, premature death, all these I part aside. There is no endowment in man or woman that is not tallied in you, There is no virtue, no beauty in man or woman, but as good is in you, No pluck, no endurance in others, but as good is in you, No pleasure waiting for others, but an equal pleasure waits for you. As for me, I give nothing to anyone except I give the like carefully to you, I sing the songs of the glory of none, not God, sooner than I sing the songs of the glory of you. Whoever you are! claim your own at any hazard! These shows of the East and West are tame compared to you, These immense meadows, these interminable rivers, you are immense and interminable as they, These furies, elements, storms, motions of Nature, throes of apparent dissolution, you are he or she who is master or mistress over them, Master or mistress in your own right over Nature, elements, pain, passion, dissolution. The hopples fall from your ankles, you find an unfailing sufficiency, Old or young, male or female, rude, low, rejected by the rest, whatever you are promulges itself, Through birth, life, death, burial, the means are provided, nothing is scanted, Through angers, losses, ambition, ignorance, ennui, what you are picks its way.


Brown Penny by William Butler Yeats

Walking Around by Pablo Neruda

Messy Room by Shel Silverstein

The Road Not Taken by Robert Frost

A Poison Tree by William Blake

A Pretty a Day by E. E. Cummings

For Whom the Toll bell Rings by John Donne

Shel Silverstein

No man is an island, Entire of itself. Each is a piece of the continent, A part of the main. If a clod be washed away by the sea, Europe is the less. As well as if a promontory were. As well as if a manner of thine own Or of thine friend's were. Each man's death diminishes me, For I am involved in mankind. Therefore, send not to know For whom the bell tolls, It tolls for thee. Jack Prelutsky and Seamus Heaney

Digging by Seamus Heaney

Be Glad Your Nose is on Your Face by Jack Prelutsky

L ife is F ine by Langston Hughes

Phenomenal Woman by Maya Angelou I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings by Maya Angelou The free bird leaps on the back of the win and floats downstream till the current ends and dips his wings in the orange sun rays and dares to claim the sky. But a bird that stalks down his narrow cage can seldom see through his bars of rage


his wings are clipped and his feet are tied so he opens his throat to sing. The caged bird sings with fearful trill of the things unknown but longed for still and is tune is heard on the distant hill for the caged bird sings of freedom The free bird thinks of another breeze an the trade winds soft through the sighing trees and the fat worms waiting on a dawn-bright lawn and he names the sky his own. But a caged bird stands on the grave of dreams his shadow shouts on a nightmare scream his wings are clipped and his feet are tied so he opens his throat to sing The caged bird sings with a fearful trill of things unknown but longed for still and his tune is heard on the distant hill for the caged bird sings of freedom.


Celebrated African-Anmerican Poets of the 19th & 20th Century Maya Angelou (1928 - present)

Ai (1947 - present)

Gwendolyn Brooks (1917 - 2000)

Imamu Amiri Baraka (1934 - present)

Arna Bontemps (1902 - 1973)

Lucille Clifton (1936 - present)

Countee Cullen (1903 - 1946)

Paul Laurence Dunbar (1872 - 1906)

Rita Dove (1952 - present)

Cornelius Eady (1954 - present)

James A. Emanuel (1921 - present)

Jessie Redmon Fauset (1882 - 1961)

Nikki Giovanni (1943 - present)

Langston Hughes (1902 - 1967)

Robert Hayden (1913 - 1980)

Forrest Hamer (1956 - present)

Jupiter Hammon (1711 - 1806)

Yusef Komunyakaa (1947 - present)

Etheridge Knight (1931 - 1991)

Audre Lorde (1934 - 1992)

Claude McKay (1889 - 1948)

Wanda Phipps (1960 - present)

Natasha Trethewey (1966 - present)

Quincy Troupe (1939 - present)

Alice Walker (1944 - present)

Phillis Wheatley (1753 - 1784)

James Weldon Johnson (1871 - 1938)

The Swordfish Compendium  

The Swordfish Society Coffee Table Book

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