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Ilona Feklistova

PORTFOLIO


00

I would like to express my sincere gratitude to my advisors and I

had

worked

people together


bachelor 01 02 03 04 05

INTERSECTION AMOEBA

DRAGON VALLEY FROM PATH TO PARK KNOTS

master 06 07 08 09

OTTENI HUT

10 11 12 13

FOLLOWING THE RIVER

FROM PATH TO PAST SIMPLIXITY provocative nature

international REBUCHAREST Retreat garden UNFOLDING RURAL AREA

3 5 9 13 15

19 21 25 27

32 36 38 42


TALLINN

01

INTERSECTION

Giving identity through Location Year Task

city 'gates' design

:J천hvi town, Estonia :2008 (Bachelor) NARVA :to design main entrances of the J천hvi city

MOSKOW railroad

TALLINN railroad

TARTU LATVIA

Concept

:to reveal the complexity of the city through form that could become symbolic for the town. The design solution reflects the strategic location of the city that is placed on the intersection of two main highways (TallinnNarva, J천hvi-Tartu-Latvia) and railroad (Tallinn-Moscow). The location made it an important military target during the centuries as well as ensured quick rehabilitation of the city.

Design

:there was proposed an abstract and dynamic forms that reflect the spirit of the city, leaves space for imagination, mark the city borders and works as an orientation mark for drivers. The material was chosen also according to the context utilized metal rails. It allows to play with form and to construct the elements according to peculiarity of landscape in different entrances.


21 century Logistic center

1940.th II World War 2/3 town destroyed

18th-20th century vital key in trading and transport network

Strategic location

Rapidly developing

1940 City status recovery

1920th north-eastern central district

12th-17th century Parish Center

Historical background Technical drawing

First design proposal :Different frequency of elements' placement provokes the speed decrease

Second design proposal :working with abstract forms


02

A M O E B A Design of new dwelling on the periphery Location Year Task

:Ihaste district, Tartu, Estonia :2009 (Bachelor) :to create high quality living environment

Concept

:amoeba - shapeless unicellular organism that has several vacuoles with different functions and which biological membrane protects the interior of all cell from the outside environment.

Design

:sevaral goals are achived through design: -form of building protects from different impacts outside -creats underground parking places in the hills -zoning area inside is used for different recreation activities (playground, fitness area, allotments) - provides opportunities for social interaction


Forests

Soviet time dwelling

River

Industry

AMOEBA

Wetlands

Road

Concept


functional zoning active recreation garden allotment ‘wild nature‘ facilities for children and adults


LEGEND View 1

green space garden allotment 2-storey house 4-storey house road hill underground parking street parking

1

2

View 2

1

2

Section 1

Section 2


03

D R A G O N VA L L E Y

Restoration Location Year Task

Concept

Design

of

gravel

career

area

:Tulim채e career, Tartu county, Estonia :2011-2012 (Bachelor) :to restore the naturalness of landform and go design recreational facilities

:key words for design sollution: -

meander calm purle half-water natural area

:the first phase - the design sollution was worked out by using sand modelling and paper model. As result, the area took form of natural river bed, the second phase - The afforestation of the area was done according to the new conditions as well as the development of different biotopes was proposed. :the third phase - Different recreation facilities and design of essential elements was proposed


Vegetation plan

Section A-B

Biotopes and their development

Section C-D


Design plan


04

F R O M PAT H T O PA R K Filling Location Year Task

gap

with

:T채htvere/Supilinn, Tartu, Estonia :2011 (Bachelor) :to design residential area with multifunctional use of space

Concept

:the project area is located on the border of two districts therefore being the connecting element between the two city parts. In the design of this work the surrounding roads and streets were used as a combining element, that form a natural continuity as a square next to T채htvere park. While designing the buidlings of the area, a smooth transition between the city parts and their functions has been aimed.

Design

:The Rubik's cube has been an inspiration to the buildings and in order to produce street space, every floor has been rotated to be parallel to surrounding or inner street. A water-drop-motive has been transmitted with trees and bushes, meaning the square of the park is surrounded by low bushes. The central elements of the wooden pathwaysurrounded square, are mobile elements, which can be used by every citizen to design themself a suitable environment. The project area holds a function as a seasonal market The market will be shaped by the same mobile elements, that will be laid on top of each other, forming a counter.


   Views

Concept

 

Masterplan

1

    



2



                                                                                                                               

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 Details

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

 Sections

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 A’

A

 B

 B’


05

K

N

O

T

S

Design of linear dwelling and park Location Year Task

:Riia street, Tartu, Estonia :2012 (Bachelor Final Project) :to introduce a consistent solution and to transfer creative decisions

Concept

:knots - the interlacement of parts of one or more ropes, commonly used to bind objects together EB

Design

:the first phase (A) - connecting areas through extended roads; the second phase (B) - dividing recreation facilities between knots; the third phase (C) - designing the area according to different ways of perception; the forth phase (D) - organising rain gardens to manage stormwater


Analyse

First step - extending roads

Plerception

Green infrastructure Second step - mixing features

Figure ground map, tranportation

Building height

Third step - “knoting“

Topography


PRODUCED BY A

PRODUCED BY A

739 K

860

C

G B

TIONAL PRODUCT

ONAL PRODUCT

Details

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT 600

Visualisation

2450

H

I

D

A PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

A

355

450

L

B F

C D E

550

349

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

J

2000

450

1000

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

A B

D A B

C D E

Sections

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

PRODUCED BY AN AU

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

430

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

C

430

3D Element


MOVEMENT

R E C R E AT IO N

Bicycle road

Entrance from boulevard to studio/cafe Entrance from courtyard to apartments

Boulevard

PRP ORDO UDCU ECDE DYB B AYNA NUA A TU OTDO EDSE KSEK DEUD CUAC TA IOTN IOAN Grasses for rain gardens LAPL RPOR DOUD CUTC

P L A N T I N G

Hippophae rhamnoides

Querqus rubra

Rosa rugosa

Acer rubrum

Elaeagnus commutata

Populus alba var. pyrammidalis

T

PR PR ODUC OD UC ED B ED Y A BY N A AN UT AU ODE TO DE SK E SK DU ED CAT UC AT IONA ION L P AL RO PR DUC OD UC T T

Rain gardens

Movable benches on rails Path from on-street parking to pedestrian way

Flower beds (Lavandula angustifolia) Stationary benches

“Neighbours-path” Steps

Skate park slope

Pedestrian crossing

Basketball court

Low-light grasses

Playground

Square-stage

L I V I N G

Railway crossing

In-ground skate park

Grasses for dry areas

Sitting steps Main pedestrian path on boulevard

Playground wooden element Querqus robur fastigiata 26 parking lot

2 and 3 storey buildings

Cycle runway “Hidden” path 3 storey buildings on the main road 2 storey buildings facing the railroad

Picea pungens glauca

Vision Steps serve as good lookout points in everyday life, as well as at special events, where benches are moved away and the square is transformed into a stage

Dimensions Communication

Time to experience The recreational facilities are divided between the knots, considering that the length of time the people will stay will increase in the place farther from the main road and closer to shopping centre. People tend to seek support from the details of the physical evironment.6 For this reason, sitting places in the square may be placed along the grass.

A second knot can be transformed into the stage where different events can take place. The main pedestrian street can be used for installations created by the local artist or it can be changed into an open market. In summer time tables of cafes/restaurant can be taken outside.

The same area can be crossed by different paths, depending on whether the user is interested in being involved in communication or is just passing by ”secretly“ (for example, runners or dog owners will prefer the latter). The area can be used by all ages, where different elements are preferred by different age groups.

Old people prefer to sit and watch activities(playing children, active); therefore, benches can be found in the playground. Adults, on the contrary, want to be involved in the action and watched by others while doing sport.

Movable benches can create an angle that makes communication more comfortable.

Small squares in private spaces are dedicated to local dwellers.

Movable benches can be moved together for a gathering, or they can be placed so that there is space to stay more private.

Mixed-use developments cater to diverse groups of people and uses in one place, thus providing opportunities for community interaction ¹. The groundfloors of buildings along the boulevards accommodate studios/offices for architectures, painters, sculptures; one of their missions will be to create or invent, making the street “alive“, which will bring people together and encourage conversation. Moreover, large expanses of glass in the ground-floor façade allow pedestrians to look into studios and café/ restaurants, and to be drawn by the artist´s work or to be involved with people.

One common pathway promotes contacts between neighbours. P R PR ODUC OD UC ED B E D B Y AN Y A AU N A TO D U T OD ESK ES ED K E UC A D U CA TION TIO AL NA PR O L P RO DUCT DU CT

While passing through the area, the pedestrian has an opportunity to experience different spaces (open, closed, corridors) , contrasts of lights and shadows, colours, fragrances of plants, different sounds (ex. train rattle, interrupting voices); a break for contact and exchange of information, time to pause or to become involved.

The project considers the opportunity to use tram-trains (Karlsruhe model), which will enable the creation of a better connection within the city itself, as well as between other towns; this will make the railwaysafer.


06

O T T E N I

H U T

Outdoor recreation planning and design Location Year Task

Concept

Design

:Valgesoo village, P천lva county, Estonia :2012 (Master) : to introduce planning, design and management of outdoor recreation and the contextual trends and issues surrounding the subject

:to provide bacis facilities for recreation and overnight for different groups of people (also people with dissabilities) according to the area capacity The area is functionally divided into two alternative use. Eastern part of the river side is for overnight stay and includes different necessary facilities (WC, shower, camping site, fireplaces, deck, area for sport, playground and network of walking path). Western side of the river is designed for one day visit and also includes important elements. The picnic and camping sides are divided and screened with bushes to provide privacy. Also both sides provide parking facility that is comfortable for use and screened by trees. The cover of the road allows people with disabilities to move on the area as well as there is special parking places inside the area for them. The newly established elements are designed from durable and appropriate materials and fit into the environment.


l

Master plan

Details


07

PAT H

TO

PAST

To work out strategic plan and design sollution Location Year Task

Concept

:Otep채채 municipality, Estonia :2012 (Master) : to prepare strategic plan option for the municipality supported by background research and analysis, illustrated with examples of design intervations as ways of implementing the strategy options

: the concept plan had identified the areas suitable (less sensitive) for development of recreation facilities. Our group made report on cultural heritage in municipality, as result, it had revealed a lot of neglected sites. The goal of the design plan is to improve economic situation of the area and restore cultural sites through providing recreational facilities

Design The historical sites will be connected by network of paths where movement will be possible by walking, cycling, skiing, riding. In time. the place will attract not only visitors but also investors this will create the bases for restoration. The paths leading through thematically designed areas where different necessary facilities will be provided


OTEPÄÄ LANDSCAPE ANALYSIS

OTEPÄÄ LANDSCAPE ANALYSIS

I N T R D U C T I O N

Introduction and Objectives: This report combined with the Landscape Character Assessment looks to thoroughly analyse the municipality of Otepää in Estonia. Compiling information gathered by four Tartu University groups on geomorphology, ecology, cultural/heritage sites and recreational trails and points in the area we compared it with Edinburgh College of Art work on landscape character. Each municipality was divided into areas using the landscape character types created by systematically looking at a range of features that form the landscape, such as; topography, soil types, hydrology, land usage and vegetation, settlement and development and connections e.g. roads. These were then divided further into areas (ie. 1a, 1b, etc) so that we could analyse the areas more precisely dependent on their contents. This combined information formed a sensitivity map and pressure map which then enabled us to calculate the capacity and suitability different areas in Otepää had for a range of seasonal recreation with different requirements.

Regional Names of the Landscape Area Types: Devision of the landscape types: 1a Magestiku 1b Sihva 1c Käariku/Sihva/Mardi 1d Nüpli/Vidrike/Pilkuse/Truuta 1e Kolgü 2a Magestiku/Pedajamäe/Kostalatsi 2b Vana Otepää 2c Pilkuse 2d Nüpli 2e Märdi/Kassiratta/Töutsi 3 Kastolatsi/ Vana Otepää 4 Vana Otepää 5a Vana Otepää/Otepää 5b Pedajamäe 5c Märdi/Sihva 5d Pilkuse 6a Pedajamäe/Kostalatsi/Vana Otepää 6b Pilkuse 6c Vidrike 6d Töutsi/Kaurutoots 6e Märdi

Calculating Pressure:

L A N D S C A P E P R E S S U R E

6f Arula 6g Nüpli 7 Pilkuse 8 Pühajärve 9 Otepää/Pühajärve 10 Otepää 11 Pilkuse and Nüpli Area 12 Mäha and Kääriku/Sihva and Vidrika Area 13a Arula/Mäha/Sihva/ Pühajärve 13b Nüpli and Nüpli/Pilkuse 13c Pilkuse 14 Pühajärve/ Nüpli 15 Sihva/ Pühajärve/ Nüpli 16 Raudsepa 17 Vidrike/Truuta/Kaurutoots/ Kolgo 18 Ilmjärve/ Töutsi

Pressure was calculated considering five main factors; development, land management (including agriculture and forest management), tourist facilities and soft and hard recreation. Recreation was divided into two titles, hard and soft recreation, sports such as skiing, motorbiking etc were classed as hard recreation in comparison to softer sports like hiking, cross country skiing or cycling which assert less pressure on the landscape. Like the sensitivity mapping these factors were overlay with the landscape character types then areas were given a score 1-3 (3 being the highest 1 being the lowest) which was then used to calculate the pressure each area faced under the five factors. Development was weighted as the highest as it asserts the most pressure on the landscape therefore was multiplied by four. Land management was considered to be next important and scores were multiplied by three, then tourist facilities (such as accommodation) and hard recreation scores were doubled then soft recreation was considered Development Map. Showing to provide the least pressure on the landscape so was multiplied by just one. settlement. The sensitivity average was created using the following formula: (Dx4)+ (LMx3)+ (Tx2)+ (HRx2)+ (SRx1) /5= Total Average Pressure after Weighting.

Calculated Area Scores:

Land use map. Showing agricultural areas and forest.

Tourism Map. Showing hotels and tourist accommodation.

M A P

Key: Development/ Settlement Land Management Tourist Facilities Hard Recreation Soft Recreation Low Pressure (score 2.4-4) Medium Pressure (score 4.1- 5.6) High Pressure (score 5.7- 7.2)

Recreation Map. Showing trails around the municipality.

OTEPÄÄ LANDSCAPE ANALYSIS

Calculating Capacity:

L A N D S C A P E C A P A C I T Y M A P

Capacity was calculated for the areas of Otepää by looking at the individual areas and how the average sensitivity score related to the average pressure score, after the weighted formulas were used. Under the categories of sensitivity and pressure the areas had been awarded a ‘high,’ ‘medium’ or ‘low’ score. This are represented on the capacity map with an initial, the first being the pressure score the second being the sensitivity. By colour coding high, medium and low with the three primary colours the table below shows how the initial capacity was calculated by mixing the two colour to highlight areas with a similar possibility for capacity. For example area 1a has a low average pressure and high average sensitivity so the capacity is shown as purple and we can compare it to other areas. Red = Low Capacity Orange = Medium/Low Capacity Purple and Yellow= Medium Capacity Green =Medium/High Capacity Blue = High Capacity This table and corresponding map can be then used to calculate the suitability each area has for different recreation.

Comparative Pressure and Sensitivity Scores Creating Capacity Colours: Lower Capacity

Key:

  

High Pressure or Sensitivity Medium Pressure or Sensitivity Low Pressure or Sensitivity

Higher Capacity


OTEPÄÄ LANDSCAPE ANALYSIS

Otepää Design Project

L A N D S C A P E

P A T H

S U I T A B I L I T Y

T 0

M A P

Suitability map Mapping Suitability: This map uses the information shown on the capacity map to depict the suitability each area has for different types of recreation. Recreation has been split into five main categories ‘High‘, ‘Medium/High‘, ‘Medium’, ‘Medium/Low‘ and ‘Low‘, showing how different activities can impact the Suitability: landscape. AMapping list map of some of information the common ac-on the capacity map to This uses the shown depict the suitability each area has for different types of tivities that take place in Otepaa can be found recreation. in the table below showing ansplit example thecategories ‘High,’ Recreation has been into fiveof main ‘Medium/High’ ‘Medium,’ ‘Medium/Low’ and ‘Low,’ showing how type of recreation that falls under each bounddifferent activites can impact the landscape. ary. For instance the facilities A list skiing of some and of theall common activitiesitthat take place in Otepää can be found in the table below showing an example requires has been categorised as high impact of the type of recreation that falls under each boundary. For instance skiing and all the facilities whereas hiking which utilises the natural fea-it requires has been categorised as high impact whereas hiking which tures of the landscape has been listed as landscape a low has been listed utilises the natural features of the as a low impact activity. impact activity. This mapping draws on the information gathered from all three This mappingmaps draws onprevious the information gathon the pages, showing what type of recreation area might suitably cope with. For example area 1e on the ered from allan three maps on the previous pages South-East edge of the municipality has been scored to have low type sensitivity and to currently havemight a low amount of , showing what of recreation an area asserted on it by development, tourism, suitably core pressure with. For example area 1e on the recreation, etc, so it therefore could withstand the introduction of highimpact activities. South-East edge of the municipality has been scoored to have low sensitivity and to currently The nextof few pages actasserted to summaries have a low amount pressure on iteach Impact of the Winter activities landscape character type and its separate activities by development, etc, so it areastpurism, in relation recreation, to sensitivity, pressure, high - snowmobile calculated capacity and suggest some of the - ATV therefore could withstand the introduction of - snowboarding possible activities that could be developed there. - downhill skiing highimpact activities. The next few pages act - marathons to summarise each landscape character type medium - horse riding and its separate areas in relation to sensitiv- hunting - snowtubing ity, pressure, calculated capacity and suggest low - cross-country skiing some of the possible activities that c ould be developed there.

Concept

Design of the elements Abandoned

Time

Visitor

Location

Landscape

Design of recreational paths

Interest

Restoration

Evaluation

Necessity

Function

Association

Evaluation

Meaning

Summer activities - ATV - adventure trails - golf - (roller) skating - roller skiing - marathons - tennis - cycling - horse riding - hunting - hiking - archery - running - canoe trips - swimming - fishing

P A S T

Objects

Church Cultural object in use Abandoned cultural object Thematical waymarking posts/ wooden sculptur Views

Settlement Paths Walking, skiing cycling

Ilona Feklistova

Riding, walking, cycling, skiing

Fields/ Grasslands Water elements Forest

dark tunnel in forest to open space Historical site

Watching tower recreational water facilities

Spirit Picnic place Dragon Parking

Forest path Warrior

Camping

Wild animal

Hillfort

panoramic views View on water element


Distinctive rolling landscape of Otepaa

Abondened historical objects in Otep채채


08

H e t e r o t o p i a

Design of 'cultural kilometre' and connection periphery and center of the city Location :Roosi street, Tartu, Estonia Year :2013 (Master) :to look for the traces in landscape to show the ongoTask ing changes

Concept

:using the conception of 'heterotopia' we wanted to reveal the complexity of spaces that are placed along the street connecting city center and new museum of Estonian culture placed in the periphery. The main goal was to create connection between the main street and 'places of otherness', linking reality and unreal.

Design

:using simple geometric forms we had designed several objects that will invite people to discover further, behind the street and provide simple recreational facilities (seating, playing, skating); (A) Park behind 'Museum of Baltics' song festival' with placing two rectangular forms near the narrow path and on the other side of the street, we would like to engage people to cross the two parks and invite them to discover those places which are hidden. The rectangles will be placed in the existing slopes, creating an natural extension although looking modern; (B) Park and minor house - The two rectangle elements rising from the ground will be placed to mark the entrances to the minor park. They will form a gate to mark the avenue and invite people to walk freely to the area that twenty years ago was strictly forbidden for entrance because of Soviet military base placed there. (C) Old believers' and Jewish cemetery - Here the element will become a part of wall; extruded, it will appeal people gaze from the street and function as a shelter. It is as the two other design solution an invitation to experience the site.


(A)

(C)

(B)

Heterotopia of places

Masterplan Heterotopia of Roosi street

C

B

A

(A)

Visualisation

(B)

(C)


09

provocative nature

Design of commemoration site Location Year Task

:Krakow, Poland :2013 (Final project) :To use design as a tool for directing people behavior in the area related to Holocaust (Due to size and range of characteristics in the area, there were three different projects where I worked with different parts of the site)

Concept

:Placed within the central part of the city and used as a recreational area it was important to keep that function long with enhancing historical value of the site. The most critical point is the affordability and relevant behavior, where design was used as a main tool to bring provocative characteristics into the site and make people aware of tragic events on emotional level as well as inform them.

Design

: One of the central part of the project is the maintenance of the area, where traditional landscaping technique fire grazing, that mitigates the problem of meadows overgrowing and increase in biodiversity from one site and create strong visual effect and provoke people from another side


It should be memorial to the death not to the formal camp… should be a place of beauty and reference, where those who had died could rest.. .. more provocative design solution seems more appropriate for future generations…

J. Wolschke

Wider context PLAN OF TERRITORIAL EVOLUTION

TOPOGRAPHY, SUNPATH, SHADOWS

PLAN OF SPATIAL ANALYZE

VIEWS, LIMITS, LANDMARKS

LAND-USE PLAN

PLAN OF CULTURAL HERITAGE AREAS

PLAN OF TENDENCIES IN RELOCATION

At the local level

LAND COVER, TENDENCIES

PEOPLE, ACTIONS AND ATTITUDE

Observation

PLAN OF ROAD INFRASTRUCTURE AND TRANSPORTATION

HISTORICAL EVOLUTION OF CULTURAL LANDSCAPE


WATER > BIODIVERSITY, EDUCATION

Overgrown meadow in 20 years inwards direction

outwards direction adequite facilities, that would support visual access and safety SPACE > SOCIAL INTERACTION

Area with fire grazing technic in 20 years

changes in water level facilitate access

changes in accessibility

SOIL > TRADITIONS AND INTERACTION WITH NATURE

use of existing rooms in landscape for Design common area for supporting already existing functions and UAG users and support their providing different recreational facilities interaction

enhance spatial qualities

NEUTRALE> TRANSITION

create visual connection of the elements within the site

design transitional corridor support interaction with neighbor areas and make it neutral

One option is to use traditional landscape technique – fire grazing Fire’s most important role is the creation of a diversity of stand structures and successional stages Trained specialized personal WHO KNOWS Fire use techniques Interaction with management and training networks for the use of fire in Europe Level of knowledge operator skills to create fire behaviour that produce desired effect. Starting from less valuable areas, taken by shrub lands to gain experience and see the result.


masterplan

Forest path (recreational trail)

1:2000

various surface

Path ofcompacted gravel and crusher fines.

Steel walkway wetlands

Border for area with certain function

Entrance arc

Reconstructed perimeter of historical building

Seating and viewing platform

Green dividing line (1,5 m high)

Restored constructions used for bird watching

Meadows maintained with fire

Meadows

Woodland with domination of coniferous

Deciduous woodland

Floating areas

Water areas

Wooden chips path

Concrete road with edge metal panel from CORTEN steel

Asphalt road (access Entrance Square for UAG users, Jew- from covered with ish centre, disabled, coloured cement elderly people)


PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

2000

1350

PRODUCED BY AN

PRODUCED BY AN A

ATIONAL PRODUCT

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

5000

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT


ATIONAL PRODUCT

10

R etreat garden

Theory based design approach Location Year Task

0

:Krakow, Poland :2013 (Copenhagen University) :to design area according to environmental psychology theory and methods thus prioritizing human quality of life, comfort, health and well-being in outdoor environment.

Concept

:The aim of the project is to design a retreat area next to the formal labour camp of II World War, that would allow a certain relief for the visitors of the area, especially people directly related to the tragedy and thereby exposed to higher risk of stress. Despite the high probability that some visitors may suffer from PTSD, to place a therapeutic on the site wont be efficient.

Design

:There were several methods applied in this study relatively to the certain stage in project. The framework is based on range of theories, like AESTHETIC-AFFECTIVE THEORY (AAT), LADDER OF DEMANDS (LD), PRO SPECT-REFUGE THEORY (PRT), 8 PERCEIVED SENSORY DIMENSIONS (PSD), MENTAL POWER PYRAMID (MPP), ATTENTION-RESTOR ATION THEORY (ART) The research of literature facilitated an understanding of the target group needs and provided a link to main theory for developing design guidelines. The visual material and the observations done on the site, has secured the understanding of spatial qualities and value of the site for current users as a recreational area.

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT


“The best remedy for those who are afraid, lonely or unhappy is to go outside, somewhere where they can be quite alone with the heavens, nature and God. Because only then does one feel that all is as it should be and that God wishes to see people happy, amidst the simple beauty of nature. As longs as this exists, and it certainly always will, I know that then there will always be comfort for every sorrow, whatever the circumstances may be. And I firmly believe that nature brings solace in all troubles.” ‘Anne Frank, The Diary of a Young Girl ’.

PSD

LD Demanding

MPP

outgoing involvement people

prospect

Place where one is taking roll of telling about events, or experience higher level of stress because of heard (‘past‘)

festive

Jewish Community House will provide opportunity for socializing (meetings, lectures, social events, etc); survivors can meet other people who experienced the same trauma and find support this way. The main is recognition of being with people of one culture that gives comfort and feeling of safety (‘home‘). ‘Path in woods’ - is the approach to the ‘past‘, person is not taking any role, but sharing same process of activity

domestic animals

active participation

cultural historic

space

serene

garden plants

On the way back from retreat area person can see people from faraway (‘corridor’) and mentally prepare oneself for interaction, if he/she does not feel ready for contact he/she can take different path and stay longer alone with nature (‘savanna’).

emotional participation

refuge

Several retreat areas have diffirent characteristics and person can choose more suitable one (‘sense’, ‘reflection’, ‘element’)

rich in species

Neutral

1. Central for the project is to reduce the stress and provide therapeutic effect in the wild, free growing, and untouched nature;

wild nature nature

mental strenght

Design guidelines are based on theory and characteristic of target group (table of triggers):

stone, water directed inwards involvement

2. Ensure that the environment will respond to the needs of visitors and won’t make feel old people vulnerable or disable: ‘savanna’ - meadows

Youth

- make path on even ground, without strong changes in topography - smooth walking surfaces - clear signs for orientation - low and clear information panels - low ramps and stairs - smoothing transition between different surfaces - handrails - low and stable benches with backrest and armrest;

Third generation (30-45 years)

‘element’ - panoram on waterlands

Second generation, relatives, close friends, caretakers of survivors (55-65 years)

‘path in woods’ - forest

Survivors (70years<)

‘past‘ - Plaszow site ‘sense’ - small garden with herbs ‘home’ - area around the Jewish house

3. Provide path for walking, to ensure physical activity as stress reducing technic; 4. Ensure physical, emotional stability through eliminating triggers;

‘savanna’ - meadows Exposure to stress and probability of PTSD increases

‘corridor’ - path next to fortifications

5. Ensure the feeling of safety by providing refuge and certain visual access - extent, at the same time (savanna- like properties), also the place should be dynamic, excluding any dead end places;

‘reflection’ - commemoration area

6. Ensure comfortable environment by providing shaded places and warm sunny areas, domination of less demanding elements;

Process of site visit

7. Providing opportunity for positive sensory experience ‘soft‘ sound, touch, smell, taste, visual elements, lightning (exclude bright red, yellow colors);

III

8. Elements should provide positive association with homelike environment;

IV

9. Provide place for moments of solitude and privacy 10. Organizing place for commemoration and reflection (existing memorials - cross and sculpture contradict Jewish traditions)1; 11. The materials for design should exclude any reference to triggers; 12. Ensure safety of the environment by providing vital resources - high biodiversity, eatable plants, clean water (profide habitat for insecrs, birds, small mammals) The way of travelling through the site is the principal for therapeutic effect. The most important is the preparation for confronting potential stressor (Plaszow area) and restoring after site visit.

III

VII

VII

VII

II VI

I I

V

I. Parking in area screened by woods, access by car for disabled people directly near the Jewish Community House II. Getting information for site visit in the Jewish Community House III. Path through woods – as transition and mental preparation for site visit (people accompanied by family, friends, students or therapist); the walk can be extended by taking path through meadow IV. Viewing platform, partly visible area of Plaszow. V. Facing past - opportunity to take physical brake when mentally person will be under pressure VI. Coming back and retreat in one of the refuge areas VII. Retreat areas - ‘Reflection’, ‘Element’, ‘Sense’ VIII. Return to Jewish House or taking extra path on the way back


PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK E

Organization of paths and seating areas relatively to the existing views and elements, placement of orientation signs Functions of path: a) accessibility by car to Jewish community house b) providing path for connection Western and Eastern sides of Krzemionki, to ensure that by passers will not disturb visitors of therapeutic garden c) path that would allow observation of Plaszow Camp area on distance d) path for connection different room e) retreat path

b d e

c

a

LEGEND parking bench viewing platform wooden terrace area tiled with natural stone existing building commemoration area sense garden asphalt road natural stone paving gravel path trail stairs wetlands forest meadow


D e TAILS

-

S e n s o r y

r e a c t i o n

V i s u a l i z a t i o n

Thymus vulgaris Common thyme

Allium schoenoprasum Chives

Echinacea purpurea Cone flower

Lavandula angustifolia Lavender

Salvia officinalis Garden sage

Petroselinum crispum Garden parsley

Rheum rhaponticum Rhubarb

Anethum graveolens Dill

Origanum vulgare Oregano

Calendula officinalis Pot marigold

Rosmarinus officinalis Rosemary

Alchemilla mollis Lady’s Mantle

Fragaria vesca var semperflorens Wild strawberry

Tropaeolum majus Garden nasturtium

Eruca vesicaria ssp. sativa Saladrocket

Satureja montana Winter savory

in contact with skin texture of plant is tangible due hard structure of plant or very soft, velvet leaves

plant exudes its characteristic, pleasant for people scent

V i s u a l i z a t i o n

attracts bees

-

has particular taste

-

‘ g a r d e n ‘

The secret place behind the Jewish Community house invites and creates feeling of home and safety. The suggested plants, mainly garden plants work as a link to positive experience in life. Also the diversity of colors and texture ensure feeling of refuge. Motions and sounds created by insects attract attention. There is an opportunity to take a brake on bench where back side of it is enclosed by plants and creates feeling of protection. The round enclosed space motivates person to look up, in the sky. There are two ways to go out and come in, so person won’t feel being in trap and at the same time he/ she can visually control any invasion. Also person can take back different path. Even though the place is open to sun, the light flows through branches and is softer/cooler.

visually attractive due to colour, texture

‘ r e f l e c t i o n ‘

The reflection area is inspired by ancient water elements placed in Israel. Partly enclosed the site provides refuge with constructed element and high grasses, at the same time it gives feeling of extend with continuing vista to woodlands or meadow. The formal organization of space suggests certain behavior in that place. The reflection of sky and leaves in still water support the emotional relief and is the way to reflect the past. Certain mood is created by soft sound grasses in the wind (native to Poland grasses). There is an option to choose seating exposed to sun or shaded by tree. The existing buildings will be partly screened by climbers this will screen the existing graffiti and permit any other similar elements.

V i s u a l i z a t i o n

-

‘ e l e m e n t ‘

The domination of stone in environment and water make this area of quarry highly potential for restoration. Also it is the place to experience wild nature bursting with life. The refuge placed on the high rise of old fortification and creates smaller room where one can feel safe and will not be disturbed by passers. The trees will screen person from views and he/she won’t feel being observed by anyone. The place provides enormous extent and in some way person can feel vulnerable because of domination of nature. So it’s the contrast to two other refuge areas, that have smaller scalar comparatively to this place. It is the place to become one with nature.


11

F O L L OW I N G T H E R I V E R

Redesign of the riverside park (inheritance of'Red Vienna') Location Year Task

:Wettstein, Vienna, Austria :2012 (International practice) :to provide new design solution that will meet the needs of local dwellers

Concept

:the inspiration comes from movement of the water in the river

Design

:the proposed design solution allows to create more informal open space where people are encouraged to act according to their wish (picnic, play, take sunbath etc). The riverside also becomes more accessible (the water level is regulated by special systems and does not change significantly within the year). Hills along the trees and shrubs help to diminish the dust and noise of the heavily frequented Obere DonaustraĂ&#x;e. The elements in the central square can work as chairs as well as tables. All of the elements can be organised to one big table for improving relationship within local communities (that are very diverse) by sharing time and food.


Conception

Masterplan

Section

Arrangement of elements


12

R E BU C HA RE ST Integrating planning and design for suistainable urban peripheries in Europe Location Year Task

:Bucharest, Romania :2013 (International intensive project) :to provide innovative solution to the planning, design and management of dispersed and fragmented area in urban fringe zone

Concept

:The strategy is to work in three directions: landscape and public spaces, reusing and energy. All three take the Vacaresti lake as a starting point. The 3 major development lines used are: the topography line in the south, the river and the road in the north. Each one of them has a specific role: REUSE, RE-LANDSCAPE and RE-CREATE.

Design

:phase 1 - protection of the lake > need for alternative public space, engaging the community, waste management, infrastructure organization; phase 2 - creating public spaces, wind/ noise protection with green line, collaboration with community; phase 3 - waste re-use for energy, community garden & allotments


CONCEPT

RECOMUNITY

TIMELINE

TIMELINE RECOMMUNITY

reorganisatiON Essentials - organizing ESSENTIALS • Organizing meetings meetings • Means of information - means of • Engaging each neibourhood and information different age groups - Engaging • Establishing emotional connection with the area every neighbourhood and different age groups - establishing emotional connection with the area


STAGE 1

STAGE 2

STAGE 3

masterplan

I :

II


VIEW I

SECTIONs AA’ PHASE 1

PHASE 2

RE TIMELINE SECTIONS PHASE 3

SECTIONs BB’

PHASE 1

PHASE 2

RETIMELINE SECTIONS RETIMELINE SECTIONS SECTIONs CC’

2050 PHASE 3 PHASE 1 PHASE 1

PHASE 2 PHASE 2

PHASE 3

VIEW II


13

U N F OL DING RU R A L A R E A

Transformation of rural characteristics

Location Year Task

:Vestervig, Denmark :2014 (Copenhagen University) :understand and analyze a complex, existing context and formulate initial landscape related problems, that would lead to spatial programming by means of design, reflecting social as well as biological aspects and thereby develop and communicate argued and design intervention based answers to the identified problems.

Concept

:to enhances the site specific qualities of the town Vestervig its surroinding, located in the western part of Denmark.

Design

: step 1 - improving the already existing path; facilitateing outdoor recreation activities along it, ensuring better access and information of cultural heritage and natural attractions, considering qualities of the path and the experience that one can gain. step 2 - integrating cleared lots placed on the main street, as a catalytic points within the path and the city.


VesterVig identity trail .erutan euqinu deirav a dna eseht ecnahne ot si noisiv ruO eht fo ytitnedi eht sa seitilauq elbisiv meht ekam dna ,ytic

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surroundings of Vestervig. tourists

Vestervig has a rich heritage and a varied unique nature. We want to enhance the-

A STRONG CITY

of the city and make them visible for us and visitors

CONCEPT Rich cultural heritage and varied nature and landscape experiences are already -

Vestervig is a city located in the southern part of the municipality Thisted in Denmark. It is one of the cities from the project ‘Land of Opportunities’ that is characterized by vacant houses and buildings, and has faced problems as being a city in decline. Due to an extremely strong organization level and to citizen engagement, this trend is about to change. The central ‘Crafts and Civic Organization’ is a pioneer in the battle for development of the city, lead by the citizens themselves. The main changes started with the organization pushing out one of the owner that was responisible for the abondoned houses along the main street Klostergade by buying the houses and clearing them, and thereby introducing green lots instead. After thisNATURE ‘break-up’, the power of organization was a fact in Vestervig. This was followed by many new projects, such as FITNESS programming the central park Klosterparken and creating a sheep garden on an old football field. The biggest changes for the city was though the renewal of the activityhall, which has become the most central meetingpoint in the city. And the creation of a path system reaching out to the unique nature and cultural heritage points in and around Vestervig. The Civic and Crafts Organization have visions of Vestervig being more attractive to tourists and guests and having an image as a ‘cultural city’. The leader of the activityhall have visions of expanding the activities to being implemented outside and also to appeal to tourists and guests, realized through nature fitness and a running trail.

CLEARED LOTS

CITIZENS’ VISIONS

KLOSTERGADE 19

The lots on Klostergade 19 and 39 are introduced as part of the trail.

A STRONG CITY

CULTURAL HERITAGE POINTS

NATURE EXPERIENCES

Vestervig has a rich heritage and a varied nature. Vestervig has unique a rich heritage Ouravision to enhance these and variedisunique nature. qualities identity of the Our visionasis the to enhance these city, and make them visible qualities as the identity of the for us and visitors city, and make them visible

A

Vestervig is a city located in the southern part of the municipality Thisted in Denmark. It is one of the cities from the project ‘Land of Opportunities’ that is characterized by vacant houses and buildings, and has faced problems as being a city in decline. Due to an extremely strong organization level and to citizen engagement, this trend is about to change. The central ‘Crafts and Civic Organization’ is a pioneer in the battle for development of the city, lead by the citizens themselves. The main changes started with the organization pushing out one of the owner that was responisible for the abondoned houses along the main street Klostergade by buying the houses and clearing them, and thereby introducing green lots instead. After this ‘break-up’, the power of organization was a fact in Vestervig. This was followed by many new projects, such as programming the central park Klosterparken and creating a sheep garden on an old football field. The biggest changes for the city was though the renewal of the activityhall, which has become the most central meetingpoint in the city. And the creation of a path system reaching out to the unique nature and cultural heritage points in and around Vestervig. The Civic and Crafts Organization have visions of Vestervig being more Thistedcity’. The leader of the activityhall Bhave visions of expanding the activities to attractive to tourists and guests and having an image as a ‘cultural being implemented outside and also to appeal to tourists and guests, realized through nature fitness and a running trail.

CLEARED LOTS

The mill

for us and visitors

POINTS ON EXISTING PATHSYSTEM

The Craft and Civic association and the manager of the activityhall have visions that overlap each other. There is a potential for combining the visions in a physical structure by making a cooperation between the two interest groups. A cooperation will take the city’ organization to a new level.

Klosterparken

Huru

KLOSTERGADE 19

p

The church

B

CLEARED LOTS

A

A connective lot between the activityhall (A) and the Klosterpark (B)

Hovedgaden

A

Klostergade er Vestervigs hovedgade og dermed byens ansigt udad til. Dagligt passerer en stor mængde trafik gennem byen, idet Klostergade E er en del af rute 527, der går i nord-syd gående C gennem D byen. Derfor er netop hovedgaretning dens udseende særdeles vigtig i forhold til at give byens besøgende et godt førstehånds indtryk. F

G

Byen er udsprunget langs hovedvejen, hvilket H stadig fornemmes i byen, idet størstedelen C af byens ældste huse ligger langs hovedgaden. Husene ligger tæt og flere af dem er sammenbyggede.

A

B

gger

School B

Langt de fleste af husene langs hovedgaden er flot istandsatte og bidrager til et pænt gadebillede, mens andre huse er i så dårlig stand, at de bidrager negativt til helhedsindtrykket. Nogle af disse ”slidte” huse er allerede nedrevet, mens andre er på vej mod nedrivning. Hver enkel

A

Grocery E

Museum

C

D

I gadebilledet ses også enkelte butikker og serviceerhverv eksempelvis en dagligvareforretning og byens kro. Flere facader afspejler, at der tidligere har været en butik eller et erhverv i den pågældende ejendom, som nu er lukket. Seneste udvikling i den retning er sparekassen, som lukker 1. marts 2011. Bag en del af husene langs Klostergade ligger byens park, Klosterparken. Parken opleves i dag kun svagt fra hovedgaden, idet der kun er en smal åbning i bygningsrækken, hvor parken er synlig. På grund af områdets landskabelige karakter med bakker og høje, bugter også hovedgaden sig, hvilket blandt andet muliggør kig fra byen til kirken.

CITIZENS’ VISIONS CONCEPT Rich cultural heritage and varied nature and ladscape experiences are already existing qualities in Vestervig. These characteristic features are connected by a pathsystem. Nature fitness is introduced as an extention of the popular activityhall, and becomes part of the existing path system. The pathsystem thereby becomes multifunctional and strengthenes the identity of Vestervig.

Vestervig has a rich heritage and a varied nature. Vestervig has unique a rich heritage Ouravision to enhance these and variedisunique nature. qualities identity of the Our visionasis the to enhance these city, andas make them visible qualities the identity of the for us and visitors city, and make them visible for us and visitors

NATURE FITNESS The Activityhall is a success. WeActivityhall have want to The is aintroduce success. nature in Vestervigs We havefitness want to introduce beautiful surroundings. nature fitness in Vestervigs It would be great to attract beautiful surroundings. Ittourists! would be great to attract tourists!

Following the stream

KLOSTERGADE 39

The Inn Klostergade

F G H

D

C

Stream

Klostergade

A lot facing Klostergade (C) and opens up to the stream valley behind (D)

B

Kærgården

Entering thei gadens seaside nedrivning vil så efterlade et ”hul” bygningsrække (jf. side18), indtil ”hullet” fyldes af f.eks. ny bebyggelse eller beplantning.

KLOSTERGADE 19 KLOSTERGADE 39

Klosterparken

Klosterpark (B)

Krik, A

The Activityhall is a success. WeActivityhall have want to The is aintroduce success. nature in Vestervigs We havefitness want to introduce beautiful surroundings. nature fitness in Vestervigs It would be great to attract beautiful surroundings. Ittourists! would be great to attract tourists!

Stream A lot facing Klostergade (C) and opens up to the stream valley behind (D)

The Craft and Civic association and the manager of the activityhall have visions that overlap each other. There is a potential for combining the visions in a physical structure by making a cooperation between the two interest groups. A cooperation will take the city’ organization to a new level.

D

Klosterparken Struer

B

Klostermøllen

Kig fra Klostergade mod nord med udsigt til Vestervig Kirke

A

A connective lot between the activityhall (A) and the Klosterpark (B) 8

E

E

F

KLOSTERGADE 39 G

Walking through the city V ESTER

V IG IDENTITY

TRAIL

H

5

CULTURAL HERITAGE POINTS

CONCEPT

Rich cultural heritage and varied nature and ladscape ex-

NATURE EXPERIENCES


VESTERVIG IDENTITY TRAIL a The Mill 5

4

The Church

b

1

EXHIBITION TANK AT THE SQUARE

2

JUMP A LOT An everyday experience on childrens way to the school and

3

THE COUNTDOWN STRETCH Visitors have an opportunity to challenge their physical state and to be informed about the distances on the way.

c

challenging 6

mystery reward a b c

360

360

3

3,3 km 2,3 km 2,4 km 8,0 km in total

School 5

4

THE BIG VILLAGE CHURCH

THE ACTIVE MILL but can challenge visitors to try their strength with millstones.

6

7

MONKEYBARS Gives an opportunity to vary the exercise on the path.

2

1

Grocery 12

The inn 8

Museum 360

360

11 7

8

BINOCULARS BY THE LAKE The area with binoculars gives an opportunity to enjoy the picturesque view on the landscape and cultural heritage.

THE STEEP RUN TO THE HEIGHTS The steep run is designed with gravel to

Heights

9

NATURE FITNESS AT KÆRGÅRDEN

360

360

Kærgården

9

Index 10

10

11

VIEWPOINT AT THE CLIFFS

THE BURIAL HEIGHTS The heights are important cultural heritage points that now

MASTERPLAN 1:6000

1

Stretch

1

Point

12

KLOSTERGADE NO 39

enhancing the experience. 6 V ESTER

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TRAIL

V ESTER

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7


KLOSTERGADE NO 39

JUMP A LOT

39 has a unique long history where the local shoemaker was -

and trampolines in the ground. It is for jumping, walking and it

the city decline, the shoemaker had to close down and the house stood empty, but the stories have survived. The ‘soul’ of the house that once stood here is kept alive with the exhibi-

accessible.

12 2

Klostergade. The users enters a wooden deck with boards on the facades.

-

Vestergade

Klostergade

Exhibition area

Garden Stairs

Trampolines and path

KIostergade

Klosterparken

Plateau

Stream

Dense vegetation

Atlethic court Path to the school

PLAN 1:200 PLAN 1:200

Leads to Klosterparken The Exhibition tank is located at the square in Vestervig. It is built from corten steal plates so it will be noticed when going past the center of the city. It is possible to enter it to read the information that will be displayed here. There will be maps and images to explain what kind of city Vestervig is and the path system will be showed to experience the route and landscape. This new element will together with the new vegetation on the square create a point that is visually present when driving in car or passing by.

NEW FACILITATING ELEMENTS Places to sit for experiencing and enjoying the

Display boards can be placed to inform users along the stretch.

path system. The benches are in corten steel and has a wooden plank sitting surface for comfort. As time passes the materials will change and be adapted to the surrounding nature. By having facilities to sit it is also possible to have a

The cultural heritage of Vestervig is very strong, and the users will be aware of this by reading the information provided along the stretch. These informainstructions and how to use the area. Therefore the combination of history and activity can placed the same places. The signs also works as orientation points and because of the material, corten steal, it can be read as one series of elements.

the path, poles in corten steal are put up to show where and how far to go. The way that they are arranged will not interfear with the surrondings and it will be subdued by the landscape. The poles are a new element that can be seen as secondary landmarks that the users can orientate from.

Møllen Mulighedernes Land viser nye veje til udvikling

eating lunch.

Identity Trail The cultural heritage of Vestervig is very strong, and the users will be aware of this by reading the information provided along the stretch. These

Vestervig VESTERVIG 150

Mulighedernes Land viser nye veje til udvikling I partnerskabet Mulighedernes Land har Realdania, Thisted Kommune, Lolland Kom- mune og Bornholms Regionskommune siden 2007 samarbejdet om at udvikle nye strategier og vise nye veje til udvikling i Danmarks yderområder. Sammen har part- nerskabet udviklet og realiseret 16 demonstrationsprojekter og indgået i tværgående Realdania har med Mulighedernes Land ønsket at bidrage til at skabe positiv udvikling i yderområderne. Det primære formål har ikke været at skabe økonomisk vækst, men at fastholde og forbedre de kvaliteter derfor fokuseret på at styrke rammerne for bosætning og turisme ved at forbedre og nytænke de fysiske strukturers indhold, funktioner og udformning.

INFORMATION BOARD

INTERPRETIVE SIGN

NAVIGATION POLES

SITTING ELEMENT

EXHIBITION TANK

Displaying infor-

Displaying infor-

Marking and guiding on trail

Along the trail to create break points

Displayes overall infor-

ment or object 8 V ESTER

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-

Mulighedernes Land viser nye veje til udvikling I partnerskabet Mulighedernes Land har Realdania, Thisted Kommune, Lolland Kom- mune og Bornholms Regionskommune siden 2007 samarbejdet om at udvikle nye strategier og vise nye veje til

point of the trail

ENTRANCE

TRANSPARENTS BOXES

A corten steel portal is symbolizing the entrance of the house that was once located at the lot.

sules containing paraphernalia from Shoe-

stream valley Engen, behind Klostergade No 39 V ESTER

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TRAIL

9


education 201220122008-2012 2002-2005

additionally 2013 1year

2013 5weeks 2013 2weeks 2012 3days 2011 1week 2010 2weeks 2010 1year


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