Kenya Gender Management Systems Training Manual

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REPUBLIC OF KENYA

THE PRESIDENCY MINISTRY OF DEVOLUTION AND PLANNING

GENDER MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS TRAINING MANUAL


Tel: +254-02-2252299

GENDER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM TRAINING MANUAL 2015 THE PRESIDENCY MINISTRY OF DEVOLUTION AND PLANNING

(IDLO) |DANIDA


FOREWORD

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

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ABBREVIATIONS 1. BACKGROUND

2. INTRODUCTION SESSION

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3. CONCEPTS AND TERMINOLOGIES ON GENDER MAINSTREAMING

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4. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF GENDER MAINSTREAMING FROM WOMEN IN DEVELOPMENT TO GENDER AND DEVELOPMENT

5. GLOBAL, REGIONAL AND NATIONAL FRAMEWORKS ON GENDER MAINSTREAMING

5.4.1. Vision 2030

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30

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6. GENDER MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS

6.3. GMS Structures

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7. ESTABLISHING A GMS

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8. MAINSTREAMING GENDER IN THE NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN AND SECTOR PLANS

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9. REFERENCE MATERIAL LIST OF TABLES

LIST OF FIGURES

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FOREWORD

of society.

ANNE WAIGURU, OGW CABINET SECRETARY, MINISTRY OF DEVOLUTION AND PLANNING

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT -

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ENG. PETER O. MANGITI PRINCIPAL SECRETARY, STATE DEPARTMENT OF PLANNING

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ABBREVIATIONS


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1. BACKGROUND


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2. INTRODUCTION SESSION

DAY 1

TOPICS

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DAY 2 8.00 – 8.30 a.m. 8.30 – 10.30 a.m. 10.30 – 11.00 a.m.

TOPICS Recap Historical Overview of Gender Mainstreaming From Wid to Gad Health Break

2.00 – 4.00 p.m. 4.00 – 4.30 p.m.

Gender Management Systems Health Break

DAY 3 8.00 – 8.30 a.m. 8.30 – 10.30 a.m. 10.30 – 11.00 a.m. 11.00 – 1.00 p.m. 1.00 – 2.00 p.m. 2.00 – 4.00 p.m. 4.00 – 4.30 p.m. 4.30 – 6.30 p.m.

TOPICS Recap Gender Management Systems Health Break Gender Management Systems Lunch Break Gender Management Systems Health Break Training Approaches and Techniques

DAY 4 8.00 – 8.30 a.m.

TOPICS Recap


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3. CONCEPTS AND TERMINOLOGIES ON GENDER MAINSTREAMING

Girls/Women Sit properly like a girl. The woman is the neck of the household. Women who go for leadership neglect

Boys/Men Don’t cry like a girl. The man is the head of the household. Men provide for the home and go out to look for means to support their families. Leadership is for men.

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BIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Women and men have a biological body

SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS

men such as:-

each other such as:Sexual organs Breasts Voice Beard Menstrual Cycle

women or men.

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between women and men depending on the culture.


Gender Management Systems Training Manual

Gender Analysis

Gender Equity

Gender Equality

13 Gender Stereotype


Gender Equity

Gender Equality

Gender Stereotype Gender Responsiveness Gender Responsive Gender Inclusive Language

Gender

Gender Indicators

Gender

Gender Training

Gender Awareness

Gender Blindness Policy Approaches to Gender Equality

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Gender Blindness

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Policy Approaches to Gender Equality

Gender Policies Gender Neutral Policies:

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structure

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4. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF GENDER MAINSTREAMING FROM WOMEN IN DEVELOPMENT TO GENDER AND DEVELOPMENT


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By targeting women as wives and mothers, other household members are helped, especially children. However, the approach makes no attempt to tackle gender stereotypes. These programmes have therefore been criticised for maintaining the status quo.

Sees underdevelopment rather than gender subordination as the main reason for inequality between low-income men and women. Projects therefore aim to improve the material conditions of women’s lives –helping them to ‘catch up’ with men e.g. income-generation and skill training access, to marketing outlets, credit etc.

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Gender Management Systems Training Manual

From 1975 onward but accelerating during the 1980’s,this approach built upon experience gained in the equity approach and therefore has many similarities with it.

From 1975 onward but accelerating during the 1980’s,this approach built upon experience gained in the equity approach and therefore has many similarities with it.

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5. GLOBAL, REGIONAL AND NATIONAL FRAMEWORKS ON GENDER MAINSTREAMING

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CEDAW is

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Community.

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to:-

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Introduced the concept of African Socialism and emphasised self-help community programmes.

Provided a policy approach of gender mainstreaming and empowerment of women. It emphasises the right of women, men, boys and girls to participate in and benefit equally from development processes. It provides a framework for mainstreaming gender in all policies, planning and programming in Kenya and institutional mechanisms to ensure effective implementation.

The Ministry was the national machinery promoting gender equality and women empowerment in Kenya through, among other things, gender mainstreaming in national development processes and engendering the national budget. It had 2 technical departments namely; Department of Gender and Social Development and the Department of Children Services. The Ministry had 3 semi-autonomous government agencies, the National Commission on Gender and Development, The National Council for Children Services and the National Council for Persons with Disabilities. Established the National Gender and Equality Commission as a successor to National Commission on Gender and Development which is a constitutional office. The commission works towards the reduction of gender inequalities and discrimination against all: women, men, persons with disabilities, youth, children, the elderly, minorities and marginalized communities. The Commission is an oversight body.

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2013.

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Figure 1: Percentage of women and men in


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ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT INITIATIVES FOR WOMEN AND YOUTH

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6. GENDER MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS

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Membership from representatives of the Ministry, Directorate of Gender and Gender Officers in all the government ministries Co-ordinates gender activities, promotes gender mainstreaming in the planning, implementation and evaluation and reporting of all activities in their respective ministries, and sit on the Ministerial Gender Mainstreaming Committee. Coordinate gender activities to promote gender mainstreaming in the planning, implementation evaluation and reporting of gender related activities at their respective sub-counties.

County & Sub County Youth and Gender Officers

Carries out awareness-raising, lobbying, and promoting the equal participation of women and men in politics and all aspects of national life, and brings a gender perspective to bear on parliamentary structures and procedures, and matters under debate. Representatives from county governments, constitutional offices, academic and research institutions, NGOs, professional associations and media

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Represent and advocate the interests and perspectives of autonomous associations in government policy-making and implementation process.


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7. ESTABLISHING A GMS

GMS.

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THE GMS AND ORGANISATIONAL DEVELOPMENT

desired goal and the

that maintain the status quo or that

behaviours and

undesirable behaviours or

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Inputs: A detailed gender analysis of the root Output: These are the measure of

Outcome: This is the measure of change intended from a gender

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Impact: These are the gender goals


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8. MAINSTREAMING GENDER IN THE NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN AND SECTOR PLANS

Approval by Cabinet of initial approach and timetable for development planning process.

The need for promoting gender equality through the MTDP should be explicitly stated.

Preparation of initial Macro-economic framework.

Using available sex-disaggregated data to assess recent performance, current status of the economy and social development in the country, prospects for the medium and longer term, and their implications for government expenditure targets. This is viewed against social needs and pressure points that could cause political and economic turbulence. Gender status and analysis is critical in this framework, which should be developed in close consultation with NGOs, other civil society partners and private sector.

Macro issues papers to be considered by Cabinet.

A short paper to: situation, including the comparative position of women, men, boys and girls; performance over the MTDP, with corresponding scenarios for public expenditure to address gender inequality; next MTDP needs to address. Mainstream strategic gender interests into these or prepare a paper on Gender and the macro-economic framework; reflected when drafting gender-sensitive guidelines for sector papers.

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Sector issue papers to be considered by Cabinet.

To be prepared by the sector concerned including gender sector. Papers should be very short, alerting Cabinet to the main sector issues and its impact on gender relations and gender inequalities and the important trade-offs that must be considered.


next MTDP needs to address. Mainstream strategic gender interests into these or prepare a paper on Gender and the macro-economic framework; Gender Management Systems Training Manual

Sector issue papers to be considered by Cabinet.

Detailed macro-economic framework paper with expenditure guidelines.

reflected when drafting gender-sensitive guidelines for sector papers. To be prepared by the sector concerned including gender sector. Papers should be very short, alerting Cabinet to the main sector issues and its impact on gender relations and gender inequalities and the important trade-offs that must be considered.

sector issue papers, Cabinet is presented with a detailed macroeconomic and development paper which proposes overall economic and public expenditure projections for the MTDP period and also proposes a sectoral allocation of resources to serve as the framework for drafting of sectoral chapters and expenditure proposals for the MTDP. This paper should include a gender focus— addressing inequalities and promoting ordered planning in respect of resource allocations.

Preparation of draft chapters, expenditure proposals and proposed project.

Drafts to be prepared initially by the sector ministries. Development planning departments/agencies should assess objectives in terms of mainstreaming gender into all plans, policies and outcomes and refer back to sectors if gender mainstreaming is missing.

Review of draft chapters, preparation of consolidated expenditure programmes.

Coordination between central resource agencies (planning, finance and personnel) in reviewing sector proposals and preparing consolidated expenditure programme and review process, which should be co-ordinated with annual budget preparation. Ensure that tools are built in at this stage to monitor and evaluate the impact of the programmes in promoting gender equality and equity.

Approval of full draft by Cabinet.

Overall editing by planning agency and submission of full draft to Cabinet for final approval. Prioritise gender, class, race/ethnicity and income inequalities as criteria to assess relevance of proposals. Cabinet to have a set of guidelines to measure proposals within criteria.

Presentation to parliament.

MTDP submitted to parliament for full debate and approval. Parliament to understand the criteria (gender, class, race/ethnicity income inequalities) and guide lines used to approve the policy plan.

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Step 1: Gender Anaylsis

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Step 2: Policy Development Appraisal

Step 3: Gender-Aware Work Plan the

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9. REFERENCE MATERIAL


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