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from the LibraryAquaculture Organic Agriculture

Mediterranean Agronomic Institue of Bari

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News from the library is a bimonthly newsletter providing timely, lively and informative articles on new releases from CIHEAM Bari Institute, the latest additions to the library's collection of books and articles, focus on the most important scientific journals, news from the world's libraries and international associations' activities.

Mediterranean Agronomic Institue of Bari www.iamb.it

DOCUMENTATION CENTRE - CIHEAM BARI

New releases from CIHEAM pag 1

New releases from CIHEAM qu'il convient d'intégrer dans la lecture des ODD. Le CIHEAM a donc souhaité proposer une série de regards méditerranéens autour de trois enjeux : la sécurité alimentaire, l'agriculture face aux changements climatiques et le partenariat multilatéral. Ce nouvel ouvrage collectif rassemble des contributions d'experts provenant de toute la région, de disciplines et de milieux professionnels variés. Ces analyses au coeur de l'actualité permettent d'appréhender ces questions agricoles, alimentaires, environnementales et géopolitiques comme des défis essentiels pour construire la Méditerranée de demain.

Contents

The magazine of the month pag. 2 - 6 News pag. 7 Mediterranean organic agriculture pag. 8 - 10 Agriculture pag. 11 - 14 Animal production and health pag. 15 - 16 Economic and social development pag. 17 - 19

Infos: Authors/editor(s): Cosimo Lacirignola

Fisheries and aquaculture pag. 20 - 21

Subject area(s): Development, Sustainable development, Mediterranean region

Food safety and nutrition pag. 22 Forestry pag. 23 - 24 Plant production and protection pag. 25 Gender pag. 26 - 37 CIHEAM Bari: Land and Water Division pag. 38 Garden Library pag. 39 - 41

Editor-in-chief: Luigi Sisto Editorial board: Giuseppe Inchingolo Wanda Occhialini Graphic design and layout: Fabio La Notte

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N° 6 - 2017 - november/december

Les objectifs de développement durable: opportunitiés méditerranéennes En septembre 2015, les Nations unies adoptaient les Objectifs de développement durable (ODD) identifiant 17 objectifs de développement prioritaires. L'organisation intergouvernementale CIHEAM est investie depuis de nombreuses années sur la majorité de ces thématiques en Méditerranée. La protection de la planète, l'accès à une alimentation de qualité pour tous, le développement inclusif et la prévention des crises, notamment par l'investissement dans les jeunes, sont au coeur de son agenda méditerranéen à horizon 2030. Dans un contexte global marqué par une augmentation de la demande alimentaire, l'amplification des chocs climatiques et économiques, la Méditerranée recouvre certaines spécificités

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Serial Title: Bibliothèque de l'iReMMO / collection dirigéè par Pierre Blanc et Bruno Péquignot ; 25 Publishing Entities: L'Harmattan (Paris) Publication year: 2016 Number of pages: 224 ISBN/ISSN: 978-2-343-09412-0 EAN PDF: 9782140012020 EAN ePUB: 9782336764382 Tags: Agricultural policies, Agricultural sector, Food chains, Food security, Human health, Human nutrition, Mediterranean region, Sustainable developmet.


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The magazine of the month Aims and Scope The European Review of Agricultural Economics serves as a forum for innovative theoretical and applied agricultural economics research. The ERAE strives for balanced coverage of economic issues within the broad subject matter of agricultural and food production, consumption and trade, rural development, and resource use and conservation. Topics of specific interest include multiple roles of agriculture; trade and development; industrial organisation of the food sector; institutional dynamics; consumer behaviour; sustainable resource use; bioenergy; agricultural, agri-environmental and rural policy; specific European issues. Methodological articles are welcome. All published papers are at least double peer reviewed and must show originality and innovation. The ERAE also publishes book reviews. The European Review of Agricultural Economics is the official journal of the European Association of Agricultural Economists.

European review of agricultural economics. - Vol. 1, n. 1(1973)-. - The Hague [etc.] : Mouton, 1973-. - 24 cm. Trimestrale. - Luogo ed editore variano. - [ISSN] 01651587. Full Journal Title: European review of agricultural economics ISO: Eur. Rev. Agric. Econ. JCR Abbrev. Title: EUR REV AGRIC ECON Editors-in-Chief: Iain Fraser, Giannis Karagiannis, Carl Johan Lagerkvist, J.H.M. (Jack) Peerlings ISSN: 0165-1587 Issues/Year: 4 Issues/Year Language: English Journal Country/Territory: England Publisher: Oxford University Press Subject Categories: AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS & POLICY - SCIE Impact Factor: 1.544 5-Year Impact Factor: 1.828 H Index: 48 Availabile in IAMB Library on line resources

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Abstracting and Indexing Information European Review of Agricultural Economics is covered by the following abstracting/indexing services: CAB Abstracts; Current Contents/Agriculture, Biology, and Environmental Sciences; Current Contents/Social and Behavioral Sciences; Dairy Science Abstracts; EconLit; Food Science and Technology Abstracts; Forestry Abstracts; Global Health; Grasslands & Forage Abstracts; Horticultural Abstracts; IBSS; Index Veterinarius; International Bibliography of the Social Sciences; Jounal of Economic Literature; Journal Citation Reports /Science Edition; Journal Citation Reports /Social Sciences Edition; Periodicals Index Online (PIO); Pollution Abstracts; Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch); Science Citation Index; Social Science Research Network (SSRN); Social Sciences Citation Index; Social Scisearch; Sugar Industry Abstracts; Veterinary Bulletin; Weed Abstracts; Wheat, Barley and Triticale Abstracts; World Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology Abstracts. The journal is also available in electronic format: for access ask to inchingolog@iamb.it


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European review of agricultural economics: Journal Metrics

About Impact Factor & Rancking: measure of the number of times an average paper in this journal is cited. The Journal Impact Factor is published each year by Thomson Reuters. It is a measure of the number of times an average paper in a particular journal is cited during the preceding two years. ISI ranking: Journals are often ranked by Impact Factor in an appropriate Thomson Reuters subject category. As there are now two Impact Factors published – two-year and five-year Impact Factors – this rank may differ, so care is needed when assessing these ranked lists to understand which of the two metrics is being used. In addition, journals can be categorized in multiple subject categories, giving them different ranks for each subject. Consequently, a rank should always be in context to the subject category.

Rank information is included for both the JCR Impact Factor and ESI Total Citations. Category ranking is presented by year in descending order for each category in which the journal is ranked in both the JCR and ESI. JCR Impact Factor table also includes the Quartile and JIF Percentile for each year. ESI Total citations provides rank and quartile, in addition to a graph of Total Citations by JCR years

ESI Total citations provides rank and quartile, in addition to a graph of Total Citations by JCR years. Click View All Years to expand the number of columns displayed.. The Source Data Table shows the number of citable items in the the JCR year. Citable items are further divided into articles (that is, research articles) and reviews. The table also shows the number of references cited by the articles and reviews in the JCR year. The ratio of references to citable items indicates the average number of references cited by an article or review. Rank Rank information is included for both the JCR Impact Factor and ESI Total Citations. Category ranking is presented by year in descending order for each category in which the journal is ranked in both the JCR and ESI. JCR Impact Factor table also includes the Quartile and JIF Percentile for each year.

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News

the JCR year to items published in journals during the last 10 years. The white/grey division indicates the citing half-life (if < 10.0). Half of the citations are to items that were published more recently than the citing half-life.

The Cited Journal Graph shows the distribution (by cited year) of citations published in journals during the JCR year to items published in the Journal during the last 10 years. The white/grey division indicates the cited half-life (if < 10.0). Half of the citations are to items that were published more recently than the cited half-life. The two light-orange columns indicate citations used to calculate the Impact Factor (always the 2nd and 3rd columns).

The Category box plot depicts the distribution of Impact Factors for all journals in the category. The horizontal line that forms the top of the box is the 75th percentile (Q1). The horizontal line that forms the bottom is the 25th percentile (Q3). The horizontal line that intersects the box is the median Impact Factor for the category. Box plots are provided for each category in which the journal is indexed.

The Journal Relationships visualization displays the citing or cited data relationships between the parent journal and the top twenty journals in its network. On the diagram, the top twenty cited or citing journals are displayed as arcs on the circle. The size of each arc is indicative of the relative citation relationships to that journal. The thickness of the chords connecting the arcs is demonstrative of the strength of citation relationship between the journals. The Citing Journal Graph shows the distribution (by cited year) of citations published in the Journal during

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[Fonte: ISI Web of Knowledge]


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Mediterranean Agronomic Institue of Bari Latest articles from Volume 44, Issue 5., dec. 2017 Consumer acceptance of food biotechnology based on policy context and upstream acceptance: evidence from an artefactual field experiment Ashkan Pakseresht, Brandon R. McFadden, Carl Johan Lagerkvist The European Commission recently proposed new rules allowing 'opt-outs' by member states from a Europe-wide approval system for genetically modified (GM) foods. An artefactual field experiment was performed in Sweden to test whether changing the policy context and acceptance by upstream actors influenced consumer acceptance of a GM product with direct tangible health benefits and indirect environmental benefits. The results indicated that acceptance was lower in more restrictive policy scenarios and higher in less restrictive contexts. Moreover, acceptance of upstream actors was policy context-dependent and differed between participants opposed to or accepting the technology. Keywords: potato, consumer behaviour, agrobiotechnology, genetically modified(GM), decisionmaking. To cite this article: Ashkan Pakseresht, Brandon R. McFadden, Carl Johan Lagerkvist (2017). A Consumer acceptance of food biotechnology based on policy context and upstream acceptance: evidence from an artefactual field experiment, European review of agricultural economics, 44(5): 757-780, DOI: doi:10.1093/erae/jbx016. Structural estimation of farmers' risk and ambiguity preferences: a field experiment Douadia Bougherara, Xavier Gassmann, Laurent Piet, Arnaud Reynaud The distinction between risk, where agents assign well-defined probabilities to possible outcomes, and ambiguity, where agents do not, has long been of particular interest. Using a carefully designed field experiment, we elicit information about risk and ambiguity preferences among 197 French farmers and structurally estimate these preferences. We use cumulative prospect theory and a multiple-prior model in order to model risk and ambiguity preferences, respectively. We find that farmers are risk, ambiguity and loss averse, and that probability distortion differs in gains vs. losses, as well as in risk vs. ambiguity. These findings can have important implications for policy design. Keywords: Agricultural policies, policies, farmers, smallholders, farm management. To cite this article: Douadia Bougherara, Xavier

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Gassmann, Laurent Piet, Arnaud Reynaud (2017). Structural estimation of farmers' risk and ambiguity preferences: a field experiment, European review of agricultural economics, 44(5): 782-808, DOI: doi.org/10.1093/erae/jbx011.

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Sustainable technology adoption: a spatial analysis of the Irish Dairy Sector Doris Läpple Garth Holloway Donald J Lacombe Cathal O'Donoghue This article explores spatial effects in the adoption of sustainable technologies using Bayesian spatial probit models employing a representative sample of Irish dairy farms. We consider global and local spatial effects, and overcome a missing neighbour problem by implementing census data in our spatial weight matrix. The findings reveal that spatial effects spill over to neighbours and better educated farmers with larger more intensively managed farms being more likely to adopt. The article concludes with policy recommendations that arise from our spatial analysis. Keywords:Dairy farms, dairy products, farm management, farmers, agricultural policies. To cite this article: Doris Läpple Garth Holloway Donald J Lacombe Cathal O'Donoghue (2017). Sustainable technology adoption: a spatial analysis of the Irish Dairy Sector, European review of agricultural economics, 44(5): 810-835, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/erae/jbx015. Duality theory in empirical work, revisited Francisco Rosas, Sergio H. Lence We compute a pseudo-dataset by Monte Carlo simulations featuring important characteristics of US agriculture, such that the initial technology parameters are known, and employing widely used datasets for calibration. Then, we show the usefulness of this calibration by applying the duality theory approach to datasets bearing as sources of noise only the aggregation of technologically heterogeneous firms. Estimation recovers initial parameters with reasonable accuracy. These conclusions are expected, but the proposed calibration sets the basis for analysing the performance of duality theory in empirical work when datasets have more observed and unobserved sources of noise, as those faced by practitioners. Keywords:Agricultural sector, economic sector, farmers, farm management, performance testing. To cite this article: Doris Francisco Rosas, Sergio H. Lence (2017). Duality theory in empirical work, revisited, European review of agricultural economics, 44(5): 836-859, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/erae/jbx017.

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369-391, DOI: doi:10.1093/eurrag/jbi011. Assessing an agri-food development strategy: a biregional input-output model with resourceconstrained sectors

Corporate social responsibility in the food sector Monika Hartmann

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Luís Cruz, Pedro N. Ramos, Eduardo Barata, Ana L. Sargento Uneven regional development is widely recognised. This paper explores the effectiveness of a regional development strategy based on the agri-food sector expansion in a laggard agriculture dependent region. We use a bi-regional rectangular Input–Output model, explicitly taking into account the methodological and policy implications of resource-constrained products. Results confirm that local transformation of agricultural products has a positive but limited effect, due to land restrictions and impact leaks to the more complex and developed region. The regional development strategy would be more effective if it focuses instead on non-tradable products or not so dependent on natural resources. Keywords:Agricultural policies, agricultural development, natural resources, economics, agricultural products. To cite this article: Luís Cruz, Pedro N. Ramos, Eduardo Barata, Ana L. Sargento (2017). Assessing an agri-food development strategy: a bi-regional inputoutput model with resource-constrained sectors, European review of agricultural economics, 44(5): 860-882, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/erae/jbw028. Most Downloaded “European review of agricultural economics” articles Food quality and safety: consumer perception and demand Klaus G. Grunert Research on consumer quality perception is reviewed using the Total Food Quality Model as a structuring device. The relationship between food safety and quality is addressed, and is discussed in the context of research on consumer risk perception. Quality and safety perception is linked to food choice and consumer demand, addressing questions of price perception and the validity of willingness-to-pay measurements. It is concluded that food quality and safety are central issues in today's food economics, though many research questions remain to be addressed. Keywords: consumer, quality, risk, branding, meansend approach. To cite this article: Klaus G. Grunert (2005). A Food quality and safety: consumer perception and demand, European review of agricultural economics, 32(3):

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Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is of high relevance for food companies as this sector has a strong impact and a high dependence on the economy, the environment and on society. CSR's threats and opportunities are increasingly shifting from the singlefirm level to food supply chains and food networks. This induces substantial challenges for the future due to firm heterogeneity and the associated diversity in CSR approaches. Keywords: Agroindustrial sector, food sector, economics, food quality, food safety. To cite this article: Monika Hartmann (2011). Corporate social responsibility in the food sector, European review of agricultural economics, 38(3): 297-324, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/erae/jbr031. Consumer attitudes to genetically modified organisms in food in the UK Michael Burton, Dan Rigby, Trevor Young, Sallie James This paper reports a study of UK consumer attitudes to genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in food and the extent to which these attitudes translate into willingness to pay to avoid these products. The results indicate the relative importance of different aspects of the food system in forming food preferences, and that GM food is only one of a number of concerns, albeit a significant one. Attitudes towards organic food are found to be a useful indicator of attitudes towards GM technology, as the preference structure that underlies the former also appears to inform the latter. Significant differences are found between attitudes to GM food in which plants are modified by the introduction of genes from other plants and those in which plants are modified by the introduction of genes from animals and plants. Keywords:Choice modelling, GMOs, Food safety, Stated preference To cite this article: Michael Burton, Dan Rigby, Trevor Young, Sallie James (2001). Consumer attitudes to genetically modified organisms in food in the UK, European review of agricultural economics, 28(4): 479-498, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/erae/28.4.479.


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65° anniversario della David Lubin Memorial Library Biblioteca della FAO 1952-2017

La Biblioteca della FAO celebra il suo 65° anniversario nel 2017. La pubblicazione vuole commemorare questo evento offrendo una panoramica degli eventi storici che hanno portato alla nascita della biblioteca ed alla sua evoluzione fino ad oggi, illustrando l'importante ruolo svolto nella gestione delle informazioni sull'agricoltura a livello mondiale. La storia della Biblioteca della FAO ha inizio con la sua antesignana, la Biblioteca dell'Istituto Internazionale di Agricoltura (IIA). L'IIA fu fondato a Roma nel 1905 da Re Vittorio Emanuele III per realizare il sogno di David Lubin (1849-1909), cittadino statunitense di origini polacche che aveva dedicato la sua vita al servizio di quello che chiamava “gli Stati Uniti del Mondo”. Quando venne fondata nel 1945, la FAO prese sotto la propria egida l'IIA poiché “la differenza tra le due organizzazioni riguarda più le dimensioni che gli intenti fondamentali. Alla base dei programmi di entrambe vi è la preoccupazione per il contadino e per l'agricoltura”. Tale connubio riguardava principalmente la Biblioteca dell'IIA, che a quel tempo comprendeva una delle più grandi collezioni al mondo relativa alla ricerca agricola, con i suoi 400.000 volumi sull'agricoltura, tra cui una raccolta di 400 libri rari e 32 incunaboli, un'eredità preziosa per una biblioteca che ancora oggi ha l'obiettivo di sostenere la FAO nel suo ruolo di diffondere la conoscenza. La Biblioteca della FAO venne inaugurata ufficialmente a Roma nel giugno del 1952 con il nome Biblioteca David Lubin, “come riconoscimento della lungimiranza, della leadership e dello straordinario contributo di David Lubin alla cooperazione internazionale nel settore dell'agricoltura”. Nel corso degli ultimi 65 anni la Biblioteca ha accorpato al patrimonio dell'IIA la sua collezione composta da pubblicazioni FAO e non, raccogliendo e conservando ogni singolo documento della FAO pubblicato. Oggi la Biblioteca della FAO non solo ospita un milione e mezzo di volumi, che costituiscono la memoria dell'Organizzazione, ma svolge anche un ruolo di primo piano nella

digitalizzazione dei contenuti, nella disseminazione delle pubblicazioni della FAO e rappresenta una fonte inesauribile di informazioni sull'agricoltura a livello mondiale.

Libri senza padrone: che fine fanno le grandi biblioteche private, spesso senza eredi? Appunti di un bibliomane sul destino delle letture di una vita di Giuseppe Marcenaro Certo. Con l'invadente curiosità della casigliana del penultimo piano non fui affatto cortese. Anzi. Madama aveva compiuto da una quindicina di giorni il trasloco, insediandosi nell'appartamento al piano di sotto. Suonò allora alla porta di casa mia. Si profuse subito in un groviglio di scuse. Di complimenti. Dovevo perdonare la sua invadenza. Le avevano detto che possedevo una non piccola biblioteca privata. E lei avrebbe desiderato vederla. La sua curiosità era suscitata, disse, dalla sua inveterata passione di lettore. da “Il Foglio Quotidiano”, sabato 13 e domenica 14 gennaio 2018 [continua qui]

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Mediterranean Organic Agriculture

Master of Science: Mediterranean Organic Agriculture Author: Somaya Naser El Deen (Lebanon) Supervisors: F. Lamaj and F. Baldacchino Title: The effect of weed management on Vineyard agroecoystem complexity: assessment through arthropods. - 65 p. Abstract: This work aimed to study the complexity level of three vineyards managed differently (Organic, Un-weeded and Weeded conventional) through arthropod assessment. Entomofauna diversity was assessed on the most obundant weed species and on Phacelia tanacetifolia to verify the presence of predators and their potential preys. The entomofaunal diversity of the soil was assessed by pitfall traps and of the vines by collecting the subcortical arthropods. Results showed that Stellaria media, which is the most abundant weed species under organic management, didn't host big number of arthropods (3.4%) whereas Cirsium vulgare hosted the most (60.5%). Within the later, 98.2% belonged to Aphididae family, potential prey for several predators. On P.tanacetifolia, Thysanoptera (42.6%) and Heteroptera (27.7%) were dominant; predators belonged mostly to Miridae (40.5%) and Anthocoridae (28.8%) families. Within the subcortical arthropods, detrivores (Psocoptera and Collembola) were significantly associated to the organic monagement system and the predators Dermaptera, Rophidioptera and Araneae were significantly associated to the conventional un-weeded management system. Among the soil dwelling arthropods, predators belonging to Carabidae and Staphylinidae families were the most abundant under organic and conventional management systems respectively. The floristic abundance in organic and un-weeded conventional vineyards has favored the complexity with higher presence of beneficial entomofauna. Keywords: Agroecosystems, Organic farming, Organic foods, Quality, Vineyards, Weed control, Weed management.

Author: Leen A.R. Almadi (Palestine) Supervisors: M. Tucci, F. Famiani and S. Jarrar Title: Effects of peacock eye disease (Spilocaea oleaginea) on Palestinian olive orchards and evaluation of some fungicides for its control. - 101 p. Abstract: The peacock eye disease represents a major contraint for the olive in Palestine since if causes defoliotion and yield reduction. Studies on the use of fungicides for its control are still limited. Therefore, in 2017, a study was carried out in Qufr-Qod area (Palestine), to evaluate the efficiency of some synthetic and organic copper fungicides, characterized by different formulas and concentrations, to control the peacock eye disease. Untreated trees were used as control. Treatments were applied in the field in three different periods (February + April + August). The infected leaves and defoliation percentage was determined on different canopy portions. Fruitset along with fruit growth and the inflorescence size determined. Fungicidal treatments, compared to control, reduced leaf infections and defoliation and tended to increase fruit-set, whereas, they did not affect substantially inflorescence development and fruit weight. Some of the tested fungicides seem to be more effective than others, but further studies are necessary to provide conclusive results. Keywords: Fungicides, Olive orchards, Organic farming, Palestine, Spilocea oleagina.

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Author: Anass Rouifi (Morocco)

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Supervisors: A. Aly and G. De Mastro Title: Partial root zone drying and compost tea fertigation effects on soil fertility, plant growth and fruit quality of organic cucumber (Cucumis Sativus). - 63 p. Abstract: The effects of compost tea fertigation (CT) combined with partial root zone drying irrigation system (PRD) on the production and quality of organic cucumber was addressed. Compost tea and PRD revealed similar effect on yield and fruit quality as commercial organic fertilizers (CF) and 100% irrigation respectively. On the other hand, the lowest biomass was obtained by 50% irrigation followed by PRD. Moreover, potassium, calcium and magnesium content in roots were significantly affected by the fertilization factor and higher amounts were observed in CT treated plots. Whereas Potassium content in the shoots was increaised by 13% in CT compared to CF. Soil available phosphorous content was reduced by 14% in CT treofed plot, while soil total nitrogen and exchangeable potassium were similar among the treatments.Thus, compost tea fertigation and partial rootzone drying irrigation are two promoting techniques in the development of global sustainable agricultural practices. Keywords: Compost tea, Cucurbitaceae, Organic farming, Organic fertilizers, Plant growth, Soil fertility.

Author: Meriam Khadija Ghedira (Tunisia) Supervisors: L. Guarrera and S. Maamer Title: International trade of organic agricultural products: a proposal for equivalence between Tunisian organic legislation and U.S.A. National Organic Program (NOP). 61 p. Abstract: This study outlines as a first step the current situation of the Tunisian organic legislation, together with its successful inclusion in the EU's "third-country list" as equivalent country in organic farming. Suggesting the elaboration of other nation-tonation equivalences, the study then analyzes the historical bilateral "organic" agreement signed between US, the world largest organic market, and EU, which has expanded organic trade, making Tunisia a ghost exporter. The core part of the study aims at proposing guidelines to introduce a similar agreement between Tunisian and American organic legislations, excluding the animal production sector: a trilateral-comparative taleb has thus been developed including the two countries' organic standards, covering rules applied to certification, crop production, processing and labelling. As a result, 72% of the 420 compared standards were assessed as equivalent by the expert panel. Where non-compliances were found, the EU common equivalent standards were integrated as a strategic tool solving 23% of the variations and pointing-out main divergences between the European legislation and NOP. Finally, the work proposes corrective actions towards Tunisian organic standards to solve 5% of the non-compliances aiming at meeting NOP technical requirements. It also provides recommendations to be used as leverage points while negotiating the equivalency. Keywords: International trade, Legislation, Organic farming, Organic markets, Organic products, Organic standards.

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Author: Ali Zein Alabiden Tlais (Lebanon) Supervisors: I. Cavoski and R. Di Cagno Title: Lebanese organic exotic fruits (avocado and sugar-apple): exploitation as new fermented food and natural products. - 63 p. Abstract: Organic tropical and sub-tropical fruits consumption in the world is constantly increasing, due to growing interest for fruits characterized by pronounced flavor and aroma and high nutritional and functional properties. One of the main constraints of these fruits is to be the highly perishable. Processing options are needed to ensure their exploitation as new food and/or natural products. In this study, organic avocado (Persea americana Mill.) and sugar apple (Annona squamosa L.) fruits were collected from Tyre (Lebanon) to investigate their microbial diversity and to evaluate their exploitation as natural products through bioprocessing technology. A low diversity of lactic acid bacteria and yeasts associated with fruits was highlighted. Microbes were identified by partial 16s rRNA and 26S rDNA gene sequences, respectively. Fermentation protocol was set up depending on the fruit. Avocado fruits were fermented with autochthonous lactic acid boicteria, whereas sugar apple fruits were exploited for antimicrobial activities through in vitro assays. Fermented avocado powder hod improved functional properties with high antioxidants in comparison to control. Sugar apple peel extract demonstrated strong antimicrobial activities due to the high content of catechins derivatives. Our study highlighted, that valuable and novel strategies may exploit the intrinsic features of tropical fruits providing a benefit important for human diet. Keywords: Food quality, Fruits, Human health, Human nutrition, Organic farming, Organic foods, Organic products.

Author: Narta Voca (Kosovo) Supervisors: I. Cavoski and I. Livieratos Title: Chemometric approach to study authenticity of organic and non-organic honeys from Western Balkan region. - 60 p. Abstract: Organic honey production in Western Balkan countries is becoming on important sector; however there is a lock of studies regarding general quality of honey produced in this region. A total number of 40 honey simples, organic (21) and nonorganic (19), from Albania (10), Kosovo (10), FYR Macedonia (10) did Montenegro (10) were subjected to melissopalynological analysis, physicochemical and bioactive properties determination and phenolic profiling. The aim of study was to investigate the authenticity of honey samples regarding botanical origin, geographical origin and different production systems. Melissopalynological analysis classified the simples into five botanical groups: clover (9), honeydew (4), lavender (1), multifloral (19), and Christ's thorn (7). Except for one, all the honey simples presented a good quantity level, meeting the Iegislative requirements. Multivariate analysis applied on dataset allowed classification and discrimination of honey samples and identification of characteristic markers for each class. This approach gives a solid basis for further volorization of honey through product differentiation and development of organic beekeeping sector in the region. Keywords: Balkans, Food quality, Honey, Honey production, Organic farming, Organic foods.

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FAO Repository Library reviews: Agriculture

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Title: Crop ecology, cultivation and uses of cactus pear - Final version Abstract: The FAO-ICARDA International Technical Cooperation Network on Cactus (CactusNet) was established in 1993 to support the promotion of this underutilized crop. The first edition of this book, Agro-ecology, cultivation and uses of cactus pear, was published in 1995. During the last 20 years much knowledge on cactus pear has been generated, and this is reflected in this extensively revised edition in 2017. Infos: Year of publication: 2017 Publisher: FAO Pages: 244 p. ISBN: 978-92-5-109860-8 Author: Inglese P., Mondragon C., Nefzaoui A., Sáenz C. ISBN: 978-92-5-109860-8 Tags: Crops; Ecology; Cultivation; Dry and semi-dry cultivation; Plant morphology; Taxonomy; Opuntia ficus indica; Plant genetic resources; Download File Cite this publication as: Inglese, P., Mondragon, C., Nefzaoui, A., Sáenz, C., 2017. Crop ecology, cultivation and uses of cactus pear. Rome, FAO.

Title: Mainstreaming climate-related disaster risk reduction in eastern Africa's agriculture and food sectors Abstract: The eastern Africa sub-region has recurrently experienced climate-induced food insecurity crises. Their magnitude and frequency have been rising. To illustrate, the number of people affected by droughts has been multiplied seven folds, between the 1980 average decadal baseline and 2011. Floods and landslides also present rising impacts. To address the issues, countries have set up institutions for disaster risk management (DRM). However, prevailing hindrances affect their effectiveness. This report thus recommends seven main priority intervention aspects for climate resilient agriculture and food sectors in the sub-region: (1) making early warning effective for early action in agriculture; (2) addressing population dynamics and constraints on natural resources; (3) developing risk-informed sector-specific DRM plans; (4) financial resource allocation and mobilization; (5) linking the development and humanitarian efforts; (6) transcending socio-cultural barriers; and (7) agroecologically appropriate infrastructure development and technology transfer. Otherwise, the magnitude of climate-induced food crises will escalate to unbearable levels. Year of publication: 2017 Publisher: FAO Author(s): Patrick M. Bahal'okwibale Pages: 80 p. ISBN: 978-92-5-109900-1 Tags: Disaster risk management, Disaster risk reduction, Early warning systems, Climate-smart agriculture. Download File Cite this publication as: Bahal'okwibale, P.M., 2017. Mainstreaming climate-related disaster risk reduction in eastern Africa's agriculture and food sectors. Rome, FAO.

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Newsletter Mediterranean Agronomic Institue of Bari DOCUMENTATION CENTRE - CIHEAM BARI Title: Land resource planning for sustainable land management. Current and emerging needs in land resource planning for food security, sustainable livelihoods, integrated landscape management and restoration.

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Agriculture

Abstract: This working paper provides an overview of the historic development and current status of implementation of land evaluation and land use planning concepts and tools for land resources/landscape management and proposes a way forward. The increasing and juxtaposed challenges of population growth and increasing demands on limited resources by diverse actors, land degradation, biodiversity loss and climate change, require a rational utilization of resources to sustain and enhance productivity and maintain resilient ecosystems. Infos: Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO Author(s): F. Ziadat; S. Bunning; E. De Pauw Serial Title: Land and Water Division Working Paper Series number: no. 14 Publication date: 2017 Number of pages : 70 p. Language : English ISBN: 978-92-5-109896-7 Tags: Land resources; Land evaluation; Land use; National planning; Evaluation techniques; Sustainable development. Download File Cite this publication as: Ziadat, F., Bunning, S., De Pauw, E., 2017. Land resource planning for sustainable land management. Current and emerging needs in land resource planning for food security, sustainable livelihoods, integrated landscape management and restoration. Rome, FAO.

Title: Land Cover Atlas of Pakistan: The Balochistan Province. A joint publication by FAO, SUPARCO and Crop Reporting Service, Government of Balochistan. Abstract: The Government of Pakistan, with support from its cooperating partners, has initiated a comprehensive program to address the improvement in agricultural statistical reporting utilizing auxiliary data from Earth Observation satellites. The project “Agricultural Information System - Building Provincial Capacity in Pakistan for Crop Estimation, Forecasting and Reporting based on the integral use of Remotely Sensed Data” focuses on enhancing and improving current systems based on the integral use of remotely sensed data into the existing data collection, analysis and dissemination systems; as well as the development of complementary systems to validate the use of satellite remotely-sensed data for area estimation and yield forecasting. The land cover mapping was considered as a critical component of the area frame development and evolution. Many agricultural applications require detailed, updated, reliable and accurate baseline on land cover to support spatial monitoring and to evaluate ecosystem and landscape dynamics. Particularly in agriculture a reliable land cover model of the present status of land utilization can significantly assist the development and support statistical applications. FAO with the Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO) and the Crop Reporting Services (CRS), has successfully supported the development of a harmonized land cover database. The land cover atlases of Balochistan, Punjab, Sindh, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa provinces & Federally Administered Tribal Areas have been developed and the series will be continued to provide a complete coverage of the country. Infos: Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO Publication date: 2017 Number of pages : 88 p. Language : English

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ISBN: 978-92-5-109827-1 Tags: Pakistan; Agricultural statistics; Land resources; Land evaluation; Land use; National planning; Evaluation techniques; Sustainable development. Download File Cite this publication as: FAO. 2017. Land Cover Atlas of Pakistan: The Balochistan Province. A joint publication by FAO, SUPARCO and Crop Reporting Service, Government of Balochistan. Rome. 88 pp.

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Title: The state of food and agriculture 2017: leveraging food systems for inclusive rural transformation. Abstract: One of the greatest challenges today is to end hunger and poverty while making agriculture and food systems sustainable. The challenge is daunting because of continued population growth, profound changes in food demand, and the threat of mass migration of rural youth in search of a better life. This report presents strategies that can leverage the potential of food systems to become the engine of inclusive economic development and rural prosperity in low-income countries. It analyses the structural and rural transformations now under way, and examines the opportunities and challenges they present to millions of small-scale food producers. It shows how an “agroterritorial” planning approach, focused on connecting cities and towns and their surrounding rural areas, combined with agro-industrial and infrastructure development can generate income opportunities throughout the food sector and underpin sustainable and inclusive rural transformation. Infos: Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO Publication date: 2017 Number of pages : 181 p. Language : English ISBN: 978-92-5-109873-8 Tags: Climatic change; Family farming; Food safety; Food security; Human nutrition; Sustainability; Rural areas; Rural development. Download File Cite this publication as: FAO. 2017. The state of food and agriculture 2017: leveraging food systems for inclusive rural transformation. Rome. 181 pp.

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Newsletter Mediterranean Agronomic Institue of Bari DOCUMENTATION CENTRE - CIHEAM BARI Title: Review of the available remote sensing tools, products, methodologies and data to improve crop production forecasts.

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Abstract: Timely and reliable crop production forecasts are crucial to making informed food policy decisions and enabling rapid responses to emerging food shortfalls. This is especially true in the sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) region, which is becoming highly vulnerable to food insecurity. In this region, the drivers for food insecurity are both climatic and non-climatic, and are often aggravated by subjective and unreliable crop production forecasting systems. In light of increasing interseasonal crop production variability, occasioned by highly unpredictable climate, increasing food consumption and limited financial resources, decisionmakers continue to need reliable crop production forecasts that are capable of providing them with adequate lead time for resource allocation and facilitating appropriate responses and contingency planning. Agricultural production forecasting is the science of estimating potential production with adequate lead time. In the SSA region, several approaches for agricultural production forecasting are currently in use and range from fairly subjective methods to more statistically objective techniques, depending on the technical and financial resources available. In recent years, new approaches have been developed that geospatially integrate field and satellite observations with simple crop models, to generate timely and more reliable agricultural production forecasts. The review is structured as follows. Section 2 broadly describes the methodology, including the specifications and standards used. Section 3 provides an overview of the application of RS in agricultural crop forecasting, and specifically examines the RS tools, products, methodologies and data that can be used to improve agricultural crop production forecasts. It also considers the geoportals and platforms that offer RS data and products on agricultural crop production, as well as tools and methodologies for processing the same, and analyses the RS capacities in the main national agencies mandated to regularly generate reliable agricultural production statistics. Section 4 sets out the key findings and conclusions. Infos: Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO Publication date: 2017 Number of pages : 94 p. Language : English ISBN: 978-92-5-109840-0 Tags: Remote sensing; Methodology; Crop production; Agricultural production; Forecasting; Statistics. Download File: http://www.fao.org/3/a-I7569E.pdf Cite this publication as: FAO. 2017. Review of the available remote sensing tools, products, methodologies and data to improve crop production forecasts. Rome. 94 pp.

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FAO Repository Library reviews: Animal production and health Title: Pulses and their by-products as animal feed. Abstract: 2016 is the International Year of Pulses (IYP). The pulses have an important role in food and nutrition security; however, an important dimension that is always missed is the role of pulses and their by-products (husk, small pulse grain particles obtained during processing for human consumption and crop residues) as animal feed. These by-products are good animal feeds and play an important role in feed-food security nexus. Also these by-products do not compete with human food. These byproducts are extensively used as animal feed in Asia, and many groups have investigated the nutritional value of various by-products as animal feed; however the information is scattered. Currently there is no review or technical document that gives a synthesis on this subject. The length of the document is expected to be between 200 and 250 pages and will be based on the FAO definition of pulses. This document, in addition to highlighting the role of pulses and their by-products towards animal production and food security, will inspire Africa and Latin America to explore approaches to efficiently use these by-products as livestock feed (their use in these continents is limited). In addition, the information synthesised will also enhance their efficiency of utilization in countries that are already using them as animal feed. Infos: Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO Author(s): P.L. Sharasia, M.R. Garg, B.M. Bhanderi Publication date: 2017 Number of pages : 222 p. Language : English ISBN: 978-92-5-109915-5 Tags: Animal feeding; Legumes; Animal husbandry; Beans; Animal production; Animal health. Download File Cite this publication as: Sharasia, P.L., Garg, M.R., Bhanderi, B.M., 2017. Pulses and their by-products as animal feed, edited by T. Calles & H.P.S. Makkar. Rome, FAO.

Title: Communautés locales et utilisation durable de la faune en Afrique centrale. Abstract: En Afrique centrale, pour de nombreuses familles rurales, la chasse constitue une source de nourriture souvent primordiale et la vente des excédents de gibier, une source complémentaire de revenus monétaires. Cependant, avec l'accroissement démographique soutenu, la demande en viandes par les pôles de consommation (villages, villes secondaires, métropoles) augmente progressivement, avec, pour conséquence, une exploitation accrue et non durable de nombreuses populations animales sauvages. La quantité de viandes sauvages consommée annuellement dans le bassin du Congo est importante et représenterait 4 à 5 millions de tonnes métriques, soit approximativement l'équivalent de la moitié de la production bovine de l'Union européenne. La première partie introduit le questionnement et le contexte abordant les aspects économiques, nutritionnels et juridiques liés à la chasse dite «villageoise» et à l'utilisation de la faune sauvage par les populations locales. Dans une deuxième partie, les acteurs impliqués dans la mise en oeuvre du projet «Gestion durable de la faune et du secteur de la viande de brousse en Afrique centrale» décrivent les retours d'expérience dans les sites pilotes du projet en République du Congo, République démocratique du Congo et République du Gabon. Infos:

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Animal production and health

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Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO Author(s): N. van Vliet; J.C. Nguinguiri; D. Cornelis; S. Le Bel. Publication date: 2017 Number of pages : 266 p. Language : French ISBN: 978-92-5-209804-1 Tags: Bushmeat; Hunting; Community management; Community-based wildlife management; Community-based forest enterprise development; Sustainable development; Sustainable forest management; Game meat; Meat animals. Download File Cite this publication as: van Vliet, N., Nguinguiri, J.C., Cornelis, D., Le Bel, S., 2017. CommunautĂŠs locales et utilisation durable de la faune en Afrique centrale. Rome, FAO.

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FAO Repository Library reviews: Economic and social development

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Title: Creating a system to record tenure rights and first registration. Abstract: Recording tenure rights, such as through registration and cadastre systems, can be an important way to recognize and safeguard those rights. However, people are often unable to have their tenure rights recorded in a public recording system. This guide addresses the situations where the most appropriate approach is to create a new system to record those rights, and it provides practical advice on how rights can be recorded for the first time. In doing so, it gives guidance on how tenure rights can be identified and recorded by applying the principles and practices of the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security. This guide is accompanied by Governance of Tenure Technical Guide 10, which focuses on improving existing ways to record rights. Infos: Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO Publication date: 2017 Number of pages : 80 p. Language : English ISBN: 978-92-5-109834-9 Tags: Guidelines; Best practices; Investment policies; Food security; Fisheries; Land tenure. Download File Cite this publication as: FAO. 2017. Creating a system to record tenure rights and first registration. Rome. 80 pp.

Title: Improving ways to record tenure rights. Abstract: There are many recording systems around the world that help to bring tenure security and other benefits to people who hold tenure rights, but there are also many systems that do not function well, and barriers can be placed unintentionally or deliberately to prevent people from using the systems. This guide provides practical advice on how to improve the existing ways to record rights so that the benefits and protections offered by recording systems can be available to all without discrimination. It gives guidance on how to apply the principles and practices of the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security. This guide is accompanied by Governance of Tenure Technical Guide 9, which focuses on creating a new system to record tenure rights and first registration. Infos: Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO Publication date: 2017 Number of pages : 96 p. Language : English ISBN: 978-92-5-109834-9 Tags: Guidelines; Best practices; Investment policies; Food security; Fisheries; Land tenure. Download File Cite this publication as: FAO. 2017. Improving ways to record tenure rights. Rome. 96 pp.

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Economic and social development

Title: Farmers' rights. Educational module on farmers' rights. Abstract: The International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (the International Treaty), which was adopted in 2001, addresses the issue of Farmers' Rights in Article 9, and in its preamble. Although it has no legislative powers, the Treaty advises Contracting Parties to protect and promote Farmers' Rights in accordance with national laws. To help achieve this objective, a range of measures are suggested, to be examined in greater detail in subsequent lessons. This Educational Module V helps stakeholders to know more about the history and evolution of the concept of Farmers Rights and provides some examples of how they have been implemented in several countries. Infos: Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO Publication date: 2017 Number of pages : 116 p. Language : English ISBN: 978-92-5-109932-2 Tags: Farmers; Legal rights; Land rights; Plant genetic resources. Download File Cite this publication as: FAO. 2017. Farmers' rights. Educational module on farmers' rights. Rome. 116 pp.

Title: Putting the voluntary guidelines on tenure into practice: a learning guide for civil society organizations. Abstract: Putting the voluntary guidelines on tenure into practice: a learning guide for civil society organizations is a learning guide which has been designed speciďŹ cally to give civil society and grassroots organizations a deeper understanding of the VGGT. It provides civil society organizations with a methodology and a set of materials to undertake training on the VGGT with civil society actors from the grassroots to the national level. Trainees will learn how to apply the VGGT to actual tenure governance. The training approach is participatory and experiential in order to actively engage participants in the learning process. The goal is to trigger a collective process of building knowledge based on the experience and the vision of the participants. Infos: Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO Publication date: 2017 Number of pages : 104 p. Language : English ISBN: 978-92-5-109912-4 Tags: Land tenure; Tenure; Training; Training materials; Experiential learning; Learning; Civil society organizations. Download File Cite this publication as: FAO. 2017. Putting the voluntary guidelines on tenure into practice: a learning guide for civil society organizations. Rome. 104 pp.

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Title: Leveraging institutional food procurement for linking small farmers to markets. Findings from WFP's Purchase for Progress initiative and Brazil's food procurement programmes Abstract: Institutional food procurement programme (IFPPs) refers to initiatives that are designed to link demand for food from institutions such as school, hospitals and school feeding programmes to broader development objectives. In developing countries, IFPPs are increasingly viewed as approaches that facilitate the integration of small farmers into formal food systems. This publication shares lessons from the United Nations World Food Programme's (WFP) Purchase for Progress pilot initiative (P4P) and Brazil's National School Feeding Programme (PNAE) and the Public Food Procurement Programme (PAA), with insights on the policy and institutional reforms required for developing and implementing institutional food procurement programmes. In analyzing the needs and constraints of buying institutions and small suppliers, the publication also provides practical guidance on tools and capacity building priorities required to build strong institutional food procurement programmes. The analysis culminates in a programmatic framework to support the public sector shape and implement IFPPs. Infos: Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO Author(s): S. Kelly, L. Swensson Publication date: 2017 Number of pages : 120 p. Language : English ISBN: 978-92-5-109864-6 Tags: Small farms; Small scale farming; Markets; Analysis; Farming systems; Development programmes. Download File Cite this publication as: Kelly, S., Swensson, L., 2017. Leveraging institutional food procurement for linking small farmers to markets. Findings from WFP's Purchase for Progress initiative and Brazil's food procurement programmes. Rome, FAO.

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Newsletter Mediterranean Agronomic Institue of Bari DOCUMENTATION CENTRE - CIHEAM BARI FAO Repository Library reviews: Fisheries and aquaculture

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Fisheries and aquaculture

Title: Aquaculture development. Aquaculture governance and sector development. Abstract: Aquaculture governance is the set of processes by which a jurisdiction manages its resources with respect to aquaculture, its stakeholders participate in making and implementing decisions affecting the sector, government personnel are accountable to the aquaculture community and other stakeholders, and the respect of the rule of law is applied and enforced. Good governance of aquaculture is a necessary condition for the sector to fully realize its potential for growth. Good governance will also ensure order and sustainability of this growth. The technical guidelines on “aquaculture governance in Africa” have been produced to support the implementation of Article 9 of the Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries on aquaculture development. These guidelines cover the establishment and implementation of good governance in aquaculture in the African geographical context. In addition to principles of good aquaculture governance (effectiveness and efficiency, equity, accountability and predictability of the law), these technical guidelines include suggestions/recommendations for the aquaculture sector; its administration, its legal and regulatory framework, licence policies and non-state participation in decision making and implementation. Infos: Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO Serial Title: FAO Technical Guidelines for Responsible Fisheries Publication date: 2017 Number of pages : 50 p. Language : English ISBN: 978-92-5-109923-0 Tags: Aquaculture; Guidelines; Governance; Responsible fisheries; Best practices; Sustainable fishery. Download File Cite this publication as: FAO. 2017. Aquaculture development. Aquaculture governance and sector development. Rome. 104 pp.

Title: Short-term projection of global fish demand and supply gaps. Abstract: A short-term projection model is developed to assess and monitor potential future fish demand and supply gaps at the country (nearly 200 countries or territories), regional (about 40 country groups), and global levels for nine species groups. Salient results at the global, regional and country levels are presented in the main text. Key results for all countries and all the nine species groups (including both standard and conservative projections) are documented in the appendix. The results indicate that: (i) if fish prices and consumer preferences remain the same, income growth would drive world per capita fish demand up from 20 kg/year in the mid-2010s to 25 kg/year in the early 2020s (or 23 kg/year under the conservative projection); (ii) the incomedriven per capita fish demand hike, combined with population growth, would drive world fish demand up by 47 million tonnes (or 31 million tonnes under the conservative projection); (iii) the 19-million-tonne fish supply growth generated by the trend growth of world aquaculture production would cover only 40 percent of the projected demand growth (or 62 percent of the conservative projection), leaving a fish demand-supply gap of 28 million tonnes (or 16 million tonnes under the conservative projection) in the early 2020s; (iv) the demand-supply gap for shellfish (i.e. crustaceans and molluscs) would be bigger than that for finfish - they would account for, respectively, 55 percent and 45 percent of the 28-million-tonne fish demand-supply gap; (v) while world aquaculture production following its recent trend would grow 4.5 percent annually from the mid- 2010s to the early 2020s, it would take a 9.9 percent annual growth (or 6.9 percent under the conservative projection) to fill the world fish demand-supply gap in the early 2020s; (vi) the trend aquaculture growth in only 17 countries (or 24

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countries under the conservative projection) would be sufficient to cover the demand growth driven by population and income growth; excess demand is expected to occur in 170 countries (or 163 countries under the conservative projection); and (vii) should the world aquaculture production fall short of the required annual growth rate (i.e. 9.9 percent or 6.9 percent under the standard or conservative projection), and assuming world capture fisheries production would remain at the current level, the world fish price would have to increase to reduce fish demand in order to clear the market (i.e. no demand-supply gap). Results generated by the short-term projection model are useful for policymaking, development aids, business or investment planning, and other decision-making by various stakeholders in aquaculture and fisheries. They are a complement to and can potentially enhance the understanding of the results of more sophisticated forecasting models such as the OECD-FAO Fish Model and the World BankIFPRI-FAO Fish to 2030 model. Infos: Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO Author(s): J. Cai, P.S. Leung Serial Title: FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper ; 607 Publication date: 2017 Number of pages : 128 p. Language : English ISBN: 978-92-5-109857-8 Tags: Aquaculture statistics; Aquaculture; Guidelines; Governance; Responsible fisheries; Best practices; Sustainable fishery. Download File Cite this publication as: Cai, J., Leung, P.S., 2017. Short-term projection of global fish demand and supply gaps. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper No. 607. Rome, FAO.

Title: Doing aquaculture as a business for small- and medium-scale farmers. Practical training manual. Abstract: The “Practical Training Manual on Doing Aquaculture as a Business for Small and Medium-Scale farmers” is composed by two modules: Module 1 “The Technical Dimension of Doing Aquaculture as a Business” and Module 2 “The Economic Dimension of Doing Aquaculture as a Business”. The target users are small and medium-scale fish farmers. The purpose is to enhance their knowledge and capacities in understanding and applying the basic economic and financial principles and concepts of doing aquaculture as a business in their daily activities. Module 2 first introduces the sustainability concept and its principles for aquaculture development, the definition and characteristics of both commercial aquaculture and noncommercial aquaculture and concept of planning of aquaculture as a business. It also shows small and medium-scale fish farmers how to assess the economic and financial viability of their fish farms. In details, it introduces the concepts and technicalities of cost structure, sensitivity, financial and cash flow analyses. Infos: Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO Author(s): N. Hishamunda, E. Martone, A. Menezes Publication date: 2017 Number of pages: 37 p. Language: English ISBN: 978-92-5-109924-7 Tags: Aquaculture; Sustainable fishery; Business management; Training materials; Training; Farmers. Download File Cite this publication as: Hishamunda, N., Martone, E., Menezes, A., 2017. Doing aquaculture as a business for smalland medium-scale farmers. Practical training manual. Rome, FAO.

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Newsletter Mediterranean Agronomic Institue of Bari DOCUMENTATION CENTRE - CIHEAM BARI FAO Repository Library reviews: Food safety and nutrition

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Food safety and nutrition

Title: Nutrition-sensitive agriculture and food systems in practice. Options and intervention. Abstract: This publication provides a list of food system-based intervention options to improve nutrition and a set concrete entry points for maximizing the impact of each intervention. Developed through leveraging different expertise in FAO, it is a key resource to assist professionals involved in different areas - from breeding to production; from food transformation and packaging to transportation and trade; from marketing and value chain to food safety; from food labelling to consumer education to understand the linkages with nutrition, and to increase their contribution for a world free from malnutrition in all its forms. Infos: Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO Author(s): B. Shapiro Publication date: 2017 Number of pages: 102 p. Language: English ISBN: 978-92-5-109945-2 Tags: Agriculture; Foods; Nutrition; Food security; Food safety; Food chains; Human nutrition; Health. Download File Cite this publication as: Shapiro, B., 2017. Doing Nutrition-sensitive agriculture and food systems in practice. Options and intervention. Rome, FAO.

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FAO Repository Library reviews: Forestry

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Title: Sustainable woodfuel for food security. A smart choice: green, renewable and affordable. Abstract: With food insecurity, climate change and deforestation and forest degradation remaining key global issues, this paper highlights the role of sustainable woodfuel in improving food security. Food insecurity and a high dependence on woodfuel as a primary cooking fuel are characteristics common to vulnerable groups of people in developing regions of the world.With adequate policy and legal frameworks in place, woodfuel production and harvesting can be sustainable and a main source of green energy. Moreover, the widespread availability of woodfuel, and the enormous market for it, presents opportunities for employment and for sustainable value chains, providing further rationale for promoting this source of energy. This paper explains how sustainable woodfuel is closely linked to food security and provides insights in how the linkages could be strengthened at all stages of woodfuel production, trade and use. Infos: Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO Publication date: 2017 Number of pages: 40 p. Language: English ISBN: 978-92-5-109962-9 Tags: Fuelwood; Wood production; Sustainable development; Energy sources; Energy consumption; Supply balance; Forestry policies; Trade. Download File Cite this publication as: FAO. 2017. Sustainable woodfuel for food security. A smart choice: green, renewable and affordable. Rome. 40 pp.

Title: Forest change in the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS). An overview of negative and positive drivers. Abstract: This report looks at both negative and positive drivers that affect forest change in the Greater Mekong Sub-region (GMS) in the last 25 years (1990-2015) in order to have a better understanding of their influence on forests in the region. It evaluates policies and measures in relation to drivers of forest change. Agricultural expansion, infrastructure development particularly hydropower dams and road construction, logging, mining operations and forest fires are the most dominant drivers of forest loss in GMS. At a positive note, almost all countries in the region have adopted policies that support SFM and balance the social, economic and environmental aspects of forestry. Furthermore, there seems to be a movement towards sustainable policies which influence the shift towards SFM, forest conservation and afforestation and reforestation. Although it seems the policies addressing the drivers of deforestation exist at local, national and international level, their effectiveness has been mixed. T his report presents forest changes in the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) over a period of 25 years between 1990 and 2015. It describes key drivers that have affected these changes. Some drivers influenced forests negatively in that they resulted in deforestation and forest degradation. On the other hand, positive drivers promoted sustainable forest management (SFM), afforestation and reforestation and forest conservation. Infos: Type of publication: Book

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Publishing house: FAO Author(s): Y. Yasmi, P. Durst, R. Ul Haq, J. Broadhead Publication date: 2017 Number of pages: 76 p. Language: English ISBN: 978-92-5-109911-7 Tags: Agriculture; Foods; Nutrition; Food security; Food safety; Food chains; Human nutrition; Health. Download File

Forestry

Cite this publication as: Yasmi, Y., Durst, P., Ul Haq, R., Broadhead, J., 2017. Forest change in the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS). An overview of negative and positive drivers. Rome, FAO.

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FAO Repository Library reviews: Plant production and protection Title: Voluntary guidelines for the conservation and sustainable use of crop wild relatives and wild food plants. Abstract: These Guidelines are aimed as reference material for national governments conservation and sustainable use preparing a National Plan for the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Crop Wild Relatives and Wild Food Plants. The focus is on in situ conservation and fostering linkages between it and the ex situ conservation and ultimately, the use of CWR and wild food plants. The precise process of preparing the National Plan will depend on the national context, including the availability of baseline data, existing policy framework, and remit of the agencies that are responsible for its formulation and implementation, as well as on the resources available for its implementation. Infos: Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO Publication date: 2017 Number of pages: 106 p. Language: English ISBN: 978-92-5-109919-3 Tags: Guidelines; Crops; Wild plants; Best practices; Natural resources; Agroecosystems; Sustainable forestry. Download File Cite this publication as: FAO. 2017. Sustainable woodfuel for food security. A smart choice: green, renewable and affordable. Rome. 40 pp.

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Newsletter Mediterranean Agronomic Institue of Bari DOCUMENTATION CENTRE - CIHEAM BARI FAO Repository Library reviews: Gender

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Title: The UN Women gender and economics training manual.

Gender

Abstract: This manual on gender and economics is intended to provide basic and intermediate level training to development practitioners including governments and policy and programme staff in international development agencies. The overall objective of the course is to strengthen the capacity of technical advisors and programme staff on the importance of gender-responsive economic policy. More specifically, the manual: introduces participants to economics in general and presents feminist approaches to macroeconomics, microeconomics and international economics; exposes participants to critical analyses of global and regional economic trends, including those related to economic crises; enhances the skills of participants in formulating gender-responsive economic policy for programme implementation, policymaking, and advocacy; and strengthens the capacity of participants to network with other development practitioners, scholars and policymakers. Infos: Authors/editor(s): Özge İzdeş Terkoğlu, İpek İlkkaracan, Emel Memiş and Yelda Yücel Subject area(s): Economic empowerment; Social protection Resource Type: Manuals/guides UN Women office involved in publication: UN Women Headquarters Publication year: 2017 Number of pages: 228 ISBN/ISSN: 978-1-63214-092-0 Publishing Entities: United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women) Tags: Economic empowerment; Employment; Macroeconomic policies; Markets; Poverty; Social protection; Gender equality and women's empowerment; Gender mainstreaming; Post-2015 Development Agenda and SDGs; Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Download File Cite this publication as: UN Women. 2017. The UN Women gender and economics training manual. New York. 228 pp.

Title: Women in the Mediterranean. First monitoring report of the EuroMediterranean Women's Foundation's Ministerial Conferences Abstract: Since the Euro-Mediterranean Women's Foundation (EMWF) has been launched, the Foundation is committed to monitoring progress in achieving commitments of the Union for the Mediterranean States on strengthening the role of women in the society. In 2014, the EMWF has selected to work with 12 EuroMediterranean countries on 3 main themes: women's participation in the economic, professional and social life; women's participation in political life, and violence against women. Case studies by country, including a summary and conclusions, identify barriers to women's empowerment and propose changes in the region. Infos: Type of publication : Study / Report Author : Euro-Mediterranean Women´s Foundation (EMWF) Publishing house : Icaria Publication date : 2018 Number of pages : 365 Language : English and French (bilingual) Tags: Gender; Gender equality; Social policies; Women's participation; Role of women; Social structure;

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Mediterranean region.

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Download File Cite this publication as: IEMed. 2017. Women in the Mediterranean. First monitoring report of the EuroMediterranean Women's Foundation's Ministerial Conferences. Barcelona. 365 pp.

Title: Advocating for Women in the Euro-Mediterranean Region Abstract: This analysis presents 12 successful practices in advocacy and policy dialogue pertaining to gender equality, developed in the Euro-Mediterranean region.With the aim to foster the transfer of the lessons learnt, this analysis proposes approaches and tools (grassroots mobilization, capacity-building, lobbying, international human rights mechanisms…) to mobilize policy makers and public opinion in favor of women's rights. Furthermore, the analysis is based on eight components: background, scope and objectives, strategies, operations and activities, partnerships and engaging stakeholders, impact, critical factors for success and lastly lessons learned. This overview provides a tool to outline critical success factors that can be useful for all those actors willing to engage in policy dialogue and advocacy for gender equality. Infos: Type of publication : Foundation Production Author : Euro-Mediterranean Women´s Foundation (EMWF) Publishing house : Euro-Mediterranean Women´s Foundation (EMWF) Publication date : 2017 Number of pages : 109 Language : English Tags: Gender; Gender equality; Social policies; Women's participation; Role of women; Social structure. Download File Cite this publication as: IEMed. 2017. Women in the Mediterranean. First monitoring report of the EuroMediterranean Women's Foundation's Ministerial Conferences. Barcelona. 365 pp. Title: We have the floor: Mediterranean civil society calls for gender equality to become a reality. Abstract: The project CSO WINS ''Capacity-Building in the Southern Mediterranean to Open Policy Dialogue and Monitoring for Women in Society'', is a European Union funded project. It targets local associations in order to strengthen their ability to mobilise public opinion in favour of women's rights; and encourage them to monitor women-related policies in the political, professional and social sectors at a local, national and Euro-Mediterranean level. This publication summarizes the project's goals and achievements since 2015, with special highlight on 8 advocacy campaigns carried out by local associations from both sides of the Mediterranean. The campaigns helped to promote women's role in politics and women's inclusion in the labour market and to fight against violence against women and female child marriage. Infos: Type of publication : Foundation Production Author : Euro-Mediterranean Women's Foundation Publishing house: Euro-Mediterranean Women's Foundation Publication date: 2017 Number of pages: 24 pp. Language : English, French, Arabic

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Newsletter Mediterranean Agronomic Institue of Bari DOCUMENTATION CENTRE - CIHEAM BARI

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Tags: Gender; Gender mainstreaming; Women's participation; Role of women; Social structure; Mediterranean region. Download File Cite this publication as: IEMed. 2017. We have the floor: Mediterranean civil society calls for gender equality to become a reality. Barcelona. 24 pp.

Gender

Title: Field diagnosis: Women's Political Participation in Monastir and Sousse. Abstract: Although Tunisian women have actively participated in political life for a long time, they are generally absent from power and decision-making positions. This diagnosis describes the political commitment of Tunisian women, with special focus on the governorates and municipalities of Monastir and Sousse during the period of democratic transition. It also addresses the realities of women involved in political parties and trade unions. The diagnosis was coordinated by the Euro-Mediterranean Women's Foundation and the European Institute for the Mediterranean (IEMed), and is part of the Axis 1 “Strengthening the capacities of equality actors” of the Priority Solidarity Fund “Women for the future in the Mediterranean” funded by the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Development, in the framework of the project “Developing Women's Empowerment” labelled by the Union for the Mediterranean. Infos: Type of publication : Study / Report Author : Voix de la femme à Jemmel - VFJ Publishing house: Euro-Mediterranean Women's Foundation Publication date: 2017 Number of pages: 25 pp. Language : English and French Tags: Gender; Gender mainstreaming; Women's participation; Role of women; Social structure; Tunisia. Download File Cite this publication as: IEMed. 2017. Field diagnosis: Women's Political Participation in Monastir and Sousse. Barcelona. 25 pp.

Title: Field diagnosis: Women's Political Participation in Lebanon: Perspectives from Mount-Lebanon. Abstract: Although Lebanon is sometimes considered as the only democratic country in the Arab region with a free political environment and electoral system, the situation of women has not been strengthened enough for them to have a role on an equal footing with men. Lebanese women form a majority of 53% and they are actively participating in all aspects of Lebanese society. They enjoy equal constitutional rights with men and have the right to vote, hold public office, elect and be elected in municipal councils. Yet, this diagnosis, elaborated by the Committee for the FollowUp on Women's Issues (CFUWI) and targeting Mount-Lebanon, shows that further steps are needed to strengthen the participation of women in political life at local and national level. The diagnosis was coordinated by the Euro-Mediterranean Women's Foundation and the European Institute for the Mediterranean (IEMed), and is part of the Axis 1 “Strengthening the capacities of equality actors” of the Priority Solidarity Fund “Women for the future in the Mediterranean” funded by the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Development, in the framework of the project “Developing Women's Empowerment” labelled by the Union for the Mediterranean.

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Infos: Type of publication : Study / Report Author : Committee for the Follow-Up on Women's Issues (CFUWI) Publishing house: Euro-Mediterranean Women's Foundation Publication date: 2017 Number of pages: 19 pp. Language : English and French

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Tags: Gender; Gender mainstreaming; Women's participation; Role of women; Social structure; Lebanon. Download File Cite this publication as: IEMed. 2017. Field diagnosis: Women's Political Participation in Lebanon: Perspectives from Mount-Lebanon. Barcelona. 19 pp.

Title: Field diagnosis: Palestinian women and the political process: an insight into the West Bank Abstract: This field diagnosis, elaborated by Women's Centre for Legal Aid and Counselling (WCLAC), acknowledges women's effective role in Palestinian politics and examines the factors that hinder their representation in decision-making authorities. It also suggests number of recommendations to enhance the position of women in politics such as removing the social and cultural obstacles and amending the laws that clearly harm women's rights. The diagnosis was coordinated by the EuroMediterranean Women's Foundation and the European Institute for the Mediterranean (IEMed), and is part of the Axis 1 “Strengthening the capacities of equality actors” of the Priority Solidarity Fund “Women for the future in the Mediterranean” funded by the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Development, in the framework of the project “Developing Women's Empowerment” labelled by the Union for the Mediterranean. Infos: Type of publication : Study / Report Author : Women's Centre for Legal Aid and Counselling (WCLAC) Publishing house: Euro-Mediterranean Women's Foundation Publication date: 2017 Number of pages: 17 pp. Language : English and French Tags: Gender; Gender mainstreaming; Women's participation; Role of women; Social structure; Palestine. Download File Cite this publication as: IEMed. 2017. Women's Field diagnosis: Palestinian women and the political process: an insight into the West Bank. Barcelona. 17 pp.

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Newsletter Mediterranean Agronomic Institue of Bari DOCUMENTATION CENTRE - CIHEAM BARI Title: Annual Report 2016–2017

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Abstract: The Annual Report documents UN Women's work to foster women's empowerment and gender equality around the world. It highlights some of the organization's initiatives during the year and provides summary financial statements, a list of new programmes and projects, and contact information. This year's report showcases the many ways in which we support work at country and global level to turn the aims of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development into results for women and girls worldwide, working closely with Member States and a wide range of partners to realize rights and build resilience. In 2016, the first year of implementing the Sustainable Development Goals, we supported women to claim their right to equal treatment under the law, to gain elected office, to draw on the power of innovation and technology, and to become leaders through sports, among many other initiatives. We also supported civil society and women's rights activists to inform and influence crucial policy discussions.

Gender

Infos: Type of publication : Study / Report Author : Euro-Mediterranean Women´s Foundation (EMWF) Publishing house : Icaria Publication date : 2018 Number of pages : 365 Language : English and French (bilingual) Tags: Gender; Gender equality; Sustainable development; Social policies; Women's participation; Role of women; Social structure. Download File Cite this publication as: UN Women. 2017. Annual Report 2016–2017. New York. 365 pp.

Title: Understanding masculinities, results from the International Men and Gender Equality Study in the Middle East and North Africa Abstract: The International Men and Gender Equality Survey – Middle East and North Africa (IMAGES MENA) study includes quantitative and qualitative research with men and women aged 18 to 59 in Egypt, Lebanon, Morocco, and Palestine. Local research partners are: (1) Egypt: El-Zanaty and Associates; Social Research Center, American University in Cairo (AUC); (2) Lebanon: Connecting Research to Development (CRD); ABAAD; (3) Morocco: Association Migration Internationale (AMI); Rajaa Nadifi (independent researcher); Gaëlle Gillot (independent researcher); (4) Palestine: Institute of Women's Studies at Birzeit University. The multi-country study and its dissemination were coordinated by Promundo and UN Women, under the UN Women Regional Programme Men and Women for Gender Equality funded by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida), with additional support from the Arcus Foundation, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands (via Prevention+), the U.S. Institute of Peace, the U.S. Department of State in partnership with Vital Voices, and the Oak Foundation. This report presents the first round of IMAGES data collection in the MENA region that was carried out from April 2016 to March 2017. Other studies in the region are currently being planned. National reports are being produced in the four countries, further elaborating on the research findings and providing country-specific recommendations. Infos: Type of publication : Study / Report Author : Euro-Mediterranean Women´s Foundation (EMWF) Publishing house : Icaria

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N° 6 - 2017 - november/december

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Publication date : 2018 Number of pages : 365 Language : English and French (bilingual)

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Tags: Gender; Gender equality; Associations; Sustainable development; Social policies; Women's participation; Role of women; Social structure. Download File Cite this publication as: UN Women. 2017. Understanding masculinities, results from the International Men and Gender Equality Study in the Middle East and North Africa. New York. 365 pp.

Title: Women's political participation in Egypt: Perspectives from Giza Abstract: Despite their struggle and commitment, women have historically been underrepresented in Egyptian political life. Which factors impact on women's ambitions to reach decision-making positions in Egyptian society? How women do evaluate their involvement in political parties and trade unions? Through a participative survey involving 120 people in Giza's local communities, this diagnosis brings out some avenues to enhance women's presence in the public sphere. First, it examines women's participation in political life in the post-revolution and the national legislation's development. Then, it explores the reasons for women's failure in the elections and the challenges to increase women's presence in politics. At the end, it offers ideas on how political parties and trade unions could change their structure in order to obtain an effective participation of women. It also provides inputs to the media in order to develop a discourse that supports women's engagement in political life. Infos: Type of publication : Study / Report Author : The European Institute of the Mediterranean (IEMed) Publishing house: Euro-Mediterranean Women's Foundation, European Institute of the Mediterranean Publication date: 2017 Number of pages: 26 pp. Language : English Tags: Gender; Gender mainstreaming; Women's participation; Role of women; Social structure. Download File Cite this publication as: IEMed. 2017. Women's political participation in Egypt: Perspectives from Giza. Barcelona. 26 pp.

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Newsletter Mediterranean Agronomic Institue of Bari DOCUMENTATION CENTRE - CIHEAM BARI Title: Women's participation in municipal councils in Irbid

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Abstract: This diagnosis gives an overview of women's participation in municipal councils in the region of Liwa Al Koura, in Irbid. It builds upon discussions and consultations with NGOs and local leaders, women members of municipal councils (elected or appointed) and women who had been candidates in municipal council elections. First, it examines the legislation and laws related to Jordanian women participation in politics. Then, it shows the administrative obstacles and the social and cultural challenges that women face as members of executive and local councils. It also analyses how the quota has impacted on women's access to the national Parliament. Finally, the diagnosis provides recommendations for enhancing women's presence in local governments, decision-making positions and political life in general. Infos: Type of publication : Study / Report Author : Building Bridges Association Publishing house : Euro-Mediterranean Women's Foundation, European Institute of the Mediterranean Publication date : 2017 Number of pages : 26 Language : English

Gender

Tags: Gender; Gender mainstreaming; Women's participation; Role of women; Social structure. Download File Cite this publication as: IEMed. 2017. Women's participation in municipal councils in Irbid. 26 pp.

Title: Field diagnosis: Gender-based violence in Marrakech – Safi Abstract: This study analyzes the effectiveness of gender equality policies and the issue of gender-based violence (GBV) in the Marrakech-Safi region. The diagnosis is based on a holistic approach. First, it addresses the socio-demographic characteristics and political representation of women in the Marrakech-Safi region. Secondly, it focuses on the impact of local policies in the fight against GBV, in particular in the field of early marriage. This document provides an overview of the progress made and the remaining challenges in terms of implementing international laws on women's human rights at the local level. To this end, the Federation of Women's Rights Leagues in Marrakech-Safi mobilized numerous actors such as NGOs, the research group on women's studies at the Cadi Ayyad University in Marrakech, state institutions, regional authorities, etc. Infos: Type of publication : Study / Report Author : Fédération des ligues des droits des femmes de Marrakech-Safi Publishing house : Euro-Mediterranean Women's Foundation, European Institute of the Mediterranean Publication date : 2017 Number of pages : 25 Language : English Tags: Gender; Gender mainstreaming; Women's participation; Role of women; Social structure. Download File Cite this publication as: IEMed. 2017. Field diagnosis: Gender-based violence in Marrakech – Safi. 25 pp.

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N° 6 - 2017 - november/december

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Title: Corporate evaluation of UN Women's strategic partnerships for gender equality and the empowerment of women: Final synthesis report

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Abstract: Partnerships are an essential aspect of our work but are often overlooked when we evaluate the results of our work. The skill set, time and resources necessary for ensuring truly effective strategic partnerships are often underestimated. In 2015–2016, the UN Women Independent Evaluation Office undertook a corporate evaluation of UN Women's strategic partnerships for gender equality and women's empowerment. The evaluation is intended to enhance UN Women's approach to strategic partnerships with the aim of ensuring that gender equality is reached by 2030. It was also expected to contribute to an understanding of how UN Women's strategic partnerships can facilitate a strong position for gender equality and women's empowerment within the current global development context and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Infos: Resource Type: Evaluation reports UN Women office involved in publication: UN Women Headquarters Publication year: 2017 Number of pages: 114 pp. Publishing Entities: United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women) Tags: Monitoring and evaluation; Partnerships; Accountability in the UN system; Monitoring, evaluation and reporting. Download File Cite this publication as: UN Women. 2017. Corporate evaluation of UN Women's strategic partnerships for gender equality and the empowerment of women: Final synthesis report. New York. 114 pp.

Title: Making innovation and technology work for women. Abstract: This background paper highlights the key barriers that contribute towards creating and sustaining the gender gap in innovation and technology, including the limited market awarenss and investment in innovations that meet the needs of women; the gender-blind approach to innovation; the under-representation of women as innovators and entrepreneurs; and the perceived high risk, low reward profile of investing in innovations for women and girls. The paper also outlines the concrete action that UN Women and its partners are taking to address them. Infos: Authors/editor(s): United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women) Subject area(s): Technology; Information and communications technology (ICT); Economic empowerment. Resource Type: Manuals/guides UN Women office involved in publication: UN Women Headquarters Publication year: 2017 Number of pages: 19 Publishing Entities: United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women) Tags: Economic empowerment; Employment; Macroeconomic policies; Markets; Poverty; Social protection; Gender equality and women's empowerment; Gender mainstreaming; Technology. Download File Cite this publication as: UN Women. 2017. Making innovation and technology work for women. New York. 19 pp.

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Newsletter Mediterranean Agronomic Institue of Bari DOCUMENTATION CENTRE - CIHEAM BARI Title: Macroeconomic policy and women's economic empowerment.

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Abstract: The overarching vision of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is inclusive and sustainable growth with its promise to leave no one behind. Empowering women in the economy is not only central to this vision but also forms a cornerstone of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). At its core, the economic empowerment of women-to succeed and advance economically and to make and act on economic decisions—depends on the quantity and quality of paid employment, the provision or absence of public services, the amount of unpaid care work borne by women, as well as coverage or lack thereof under core social and labour protections. This discussion paper aims to contribute to the public debate by highlighting why macroeconomic policies need to incorporate gender perspectives to advance women's economic empowerment, and how the overall economic environment is a crucial enabler of gender equality. Infos: Authors/editor(s): Gabrielle Leite

Gender

Subject area(s): Economic empowerment; Macroeconomic policies; Employment; Social protection; Post-2015 Development Agenda and SDGs; Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Resource Type: Manuals/guides UN Women office involved in publication: UN Women Headquarters Publication year: 2017 Number of pages: 12 Publishing Entities: United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women) Tags: Economic empowerment; Employment; Macroeconomic policies; Markets; Poverty; Social protection; Gender equality and women's empowerment; Gender mainstreaming; Post-2015 Development Agenda and SDGs; Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Download File Cite this publication as: UN Women. 2017. Macroeconomic policy and women's economic empowerment. New York. 12 pp. Title: Youth LEAP into gender equality Abstract: There are 1.8 billion young people aged 10-24 years old in the world—the largest youth population ever. The new 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is largely about youth and for the youth. Therefore, we cannot dismiss today's young men and young women as solely the beneficiaries of development or even as the leaders of tomorrow – for they are already leading today! The force and inspirations of our youngest leaders represent one of the critical drivers for accelerating progress on sustainable development and gender equality. Our youth and gender equality strategy seeks to empower young women and young men as partners in achieving gender equality. The LEAPs Framework, includes three thematic pillars – leadership of young women in all spheres strengthened, Economic empowerment and skills development of young women, and Action on ending violence against young women and girls – and three crosscutting approaches: Strengthening participation, voice and partnerships with young women and their organizations, partnerships with young men as partners of gender equality; and intergenerational partnerships throughout the life cycle to achieve a gender transformative society. Infos: Subject area(s): Youth; Gender Resource Type: Policy strategies UN Women office involved in publication: UN Women Headquarters Publication year: 2017 Publishing Entities: United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women) Tags: Gender; Gender equality; Organizations; Sustainable development; Social policies; Women's participation; Role of women; Social structure. Download File Cite this publication as: UN Women. 2017. Youth LEAP into gender equality. New York. 28 pp.

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N° 6 - 2017 - november/december

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Title: 'Leaving no one behind' in action

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Abstract: This brief contains observations from the Fund for Gender Equality's (FGE) seven-year experience working with civil society. Gender equality is at the forefront of the 2030 Development Agenda. The Sustainable Development Goals include a stand-alone goal to advance equality, and gender-related targets mainstreamed across the Global Goals. If something has opened a door for drastic progress in the lives of women and girls worldwide, it is the principle of leaving no one behind. Leaving no one behind means prioritizing human beings' dignity and placing the progress of the most marginalized communities first—women and girls being all too often at the top of the list. It urges us to address the structural causes of inequality and marginalization that affect them. This ambitious undertaking requires a collective effort to identify and share effective strategies to operationalize this concept. This brief offers practical insights based on the experience of the FGE in working with marginalized populations through its support to women-led civil society organizations (CSOs). Infos: Subject area(s): Gender equality and women's empowerment; Gender equality and inequality; Gender mainstreaming; Post-2015 Development Agenda and SDGs; Trust funds; Fund for Gender Equality UN Women office involved in publication: UN Women Headquarters Publication year: 2017 Number of pages: 8 pp. Publishing Entities: United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women) Tags: Gender; Gender equality; Organizations; Working population; Sustainable development; Social policies; Women's participation; Role of women; Social structure. Download File: Cite this publication as: UN Women. 2017. 'Leaving no one behind' in action. New York. 8 pp.

Title: Shaping the international agenda: Raising women's voices in intergovernmental forums Abstract: This publication aims to build knowledge on women's participation in national delegations to meetings of international organizations' governing bodies and their leadership roles in these meetings. It is based on responses to a questionnaire addressed to members of the United Nations Governing Bodies Secretariat and of the International Gender Champions–Geneva. Although the results of the survey may not be representative of all United Nations organizations, they have yielded important information on the current policies and practices in the 23 entities that took part. Based on the responses, six types of actions to improve women's participation in governing body meetings have been identified: (a) explicit policies and mandated targets; (b) tracking and reporting; (c) training and capacity-building; (d) financial support; (e) advocacy and networking; and (f) communications strategies. The survey results are complemented by an overview of intergovernmental and inter-agency frameworks and trends in women's participation in national Governments and intergovernmental forums. Best practices in promoting women's participation at different levels – national and multilateral – are also presented with the aim of informing concrete recommendations on the way forward to realize gender balance in international organizations' governing bodies. As the first publication of its kind, it is intended to be a handy source of information and advocacy tool that can empower a wide range of gender-equality advocates to champion gender equality, women's empowerment and gender balance in their work and across their networks. Infos: Languages available: English Order from: jean-luc.bories[at]unwomen.org Bibliographic information

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Newsletter Mediterranean Agronomic Institue of Bari DOCUMENTATION CENTRE - CIHEAM BARI

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Subject area(s): Intergovernmental processes; Leadership and political participation; Decision-making Resource Type: Best practices UN Women office involved in publication: UN Women Headquarters Publication year: 2017 Number of pages: 20 pp. Publishing Entities: United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women) Tags: Gender; Gender equality; International organizations; Sustainable development; Social policies; Women's participation; Role of women; Social structure. Download File Cite this publication as: UN Women. 2017. Shaping the international agenda: Raising women's voices in intergovernmental forums. New York. 20 pp.

Gender

Title: Recommendations for addressing women's human rights in the global compact for safe, orderly and regular migration Abstract: This document provides recommendations that underline the need for a human rights-based and gender-responsive approach to migration governance and give clear direction on the full inclusion of women's rights in the formulation and implementation of the global compact on safe, orderly and regular migration. This comprehensive list of recommendations highlights specific areas that need to be strengthened in order to ensure that the rights of migrant women and girls are promoted and protected at all stages of migration, whilst simultaneously recognizing women's agency throughout the migration process. This document represents the outcome of an expert meeting hosted in Geneva by UN Women and the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in November 2016. The meeting brought together leading experts from relevant treaty bodies, select UN agencies and civil society organizations. Infos: Subject area(s): Economic empowerment; Employment; Migration; Migrant workers Resource Type: Best practices UN Women office involved in publication: UN Women Headquarters Publication year: 2017 Number of pages: 14 pp. Publishing Entities: United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women) Tags: Gender; Gender equality; Human rights; Sustainable development; Social policies; Women's participation; Role of women; Social structure. Download File Cite this publication as: UN Women. 2017. Recommendations for addressing women's human rights in the global compact for safe, orderly and regular migration. New York. 14 pp. Title: At what cost? Women migrant workers, remittances and development Abstract: This report is produced by UN Women's Economic Empowerment Section for the “Promoting and Protecting Women Migrant Workers' Labour and Human Rights” Project, supported by the European Union. This report is the third in a series of three reports designed to build on the growing body of scholarship pertaining to gender and migration, and is a resource for the creation of gender-sensitive policies and practices aimed at empowering women migrant workers. The third report illustrates and discusses the nuanced interaction between women's migration for labour, their scope of contributions to development, and the economic, social and personal costs incurred throughout their migration. In exploring this complexity, the report highlights the importance of labour and human rights to realizing the human development potential of women's labour migration while critically considering what constitutes development: by whom, for whom, and at what cost. The report illustrates

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N° 6 - 2017 - november/december

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how gender mainstreaming of the migration for development model can enhance the protection of rights and opportunities for women migrant workers, and contribute to more inclusive and sustainable development.

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Infos: Authors/editor(s): J. Hennebry, J. Holliday and M. Moniruzzaman Subject area(s): Economic empowerment; Migration Resource Type: Research papers UN Women office involved in publication: UN Women Headquarters Publication year: 2017 ISBN/ISSN: 978-1-63214-075-3 Publishing Entities: United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women) Tags: Gender; Gender mainstreaming; Gender equality; Human rights; Migrant labour; Sustainable development; Social policies; Women's participation; Role of women; Social structure. Download File Cite this publication as: UN Women. 2017. At what cost? Women migrant workers, remittances and development. New York. 86 pp.

Title: Women working worldwide: a situational analysis of women migrant workers Abstract: This report is produced by UN Women's Economic Empowerment Section for the “Promoting and Protecting Women Migrant Workers' Labour and Human Rights” Project, supported by the European Union. This report is the first of three designed to build on the growing body of scholarship pertaining to gender and migration, and is a resource for the creation of gender-sensitive policies and practices aimed at empowering women migrant workers. This report draws from the cases of Moldova, Philippines and Mexico to provide a comprehensive analysis that accounts for differences and similarities between migration systems. Specifically, through the use of legal reviews and legislative comparison, the report provides an analysis of existing mechanisms, frameworks, legislation and policies vis-à-vis women migrant workers, with particular attention paid to the alignment of national legislation with international frameworks, like CEDAW. Finally, the report concludes by providing a set of recommendations aimed at global and regional actors, including the ratification of international treaties, enforcement of CEDAW and the creation of a new international instrument to promote and protect the rights of women migrant workers. Infos: Authors/editor(s): Jenna Hennebry, Keegan Williams and Margaret Walton-Roberts Subject area(s): Economic empowerment; Migration; Governance and national planning Resource Type: Research papers UN Women office involved in publication: UN Women Headquarters Publication year: 2017 Number of pages: 110 ISBN/ISSN: 978-1-63214-056-2 Publishing Entities: United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women) Tags: Gender; Gender mainstreaming; Migrant labour; Gender equality; Human rights; Sustainable development; Social policies; Women's participation; Role of women; Social structure. Download File Cite this publication as: UN Women. 2017. Women working worldwide: A situational analysis of women migrant workers. New York. 110 pp.

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Land & Water

Title: Proceedings of the third International Conference on Climate and Water Abstract: Finland has organised two International Conferences on Climate and Water, in August 1989 and in September 1998. Please find here the Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Climate and Water, Helsinki, 3–6 September 2007. The objective of this Conference has been to provide an opportunity for hydrologists, water managers and decision makers to exchange research results, ideas and concerns on impacts, adaptation and mitigation in the water sector, facing climate change. How have we proceeded since 1998? What are major challenges today? Where are we going? Where should we go? The proceedings contain around 90 papers on various themes related to the complex relationship between climate and water. The papers are in alphabetical order according to the first author. This turned out to be the only logical way, because classification according to the topic would not have been very clear. After the full papers, there are a number of abstracts, again in alphabetical order according to thefirst author. This section includes those oral and poster presentations, whose authors have not sent a full paper. Some authors could not participate the conference. Their contributions have also been included, because the final list of participants was still unknown when the material was printed. Some editing has been made, but the organisers have not made any corrections to language or any typographic changes. As representatives of the main organiser, Finnish Environment Institute, we like to thank all our Finnish and international partners for their efforts to make this Conference successful. We have received financial support from the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, the Ministry of the Environment, the Ministry for Foreign Affairs and the Academy of Finland. Other Finnish partners include Helsinki University of Technology, Finnish Meteorological Institute and Vaisala. Our international coorganisers have been the European Union, World Meteorological Organisation, Unesco, International Association of Hydrological Sciences, and International Water Resources Association. Infos: Authors/editor(s): Mari Heinonen Publisher: Finnish Environment Institute Subject area(s): International Conference on Climate and Water Resource Type: Proceedings Publication year: 2007 Number of pages: 613 ISBN/ISSN: 978-952-11-2790-8 Tags: Climate change, Water resources, Water availability, Water management, Natural phenomena, Environment.

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Title: Food & Migration Understanding the geopolitical nexus in the EuroMediterranean Abstract: In an era in which migration is increasingly at the centre of public debate and crucial to the decisionmaking process, more awareness on the existing links between food and migration is needed. Against this backdrop, MacroGeo in collaboration with the Barilla Center for Food & Nutrition has conducted an analysis of the geopolitical impact of migration and food in the Euro-Mediterranean area, whose results are comprised in this report on “Food and Migration”. Our study experimentally combines geopolitical analysis (resources, fows, migratory routes) and the analysis of food and nutrition, through a series of different and heterogeneous essays. Our multidisciplinary research, comprising the contributions of several experts hailing from different felds of research and taking into account the multi-faceted push and pull factors behind migrations, aims to understand two main goals. On the one hand, to bring food security and nutrition into the discussion surrounding the push factors of migration, also in relation to climate change impacts and to consider food value chains as a lever for local development. On the other hand, to introduce a research agenda on the socio-cultural changes to food systems in countries of destination due to migration. Infos: Type of publication: Book Publishing house: Barilla Center: Food & Nutrition Pages: 115 p. Tags: migration; social change; population dynamics; mediterranean region; sustainability; food security; food safety; human nutrition; human health. Download File

Titolo: Crop ecology, cultivation and uses of cactus pear. Advance draft prepared for the IX International Congress on Cactus Pear and Cochineal: CAM crops for a hotter and drier world. Abstract: Climate change is one of the biggest challenges the world must meet today and in the future. Prolonged droughts and desertification are among the issues faced by many countries, especially in Africa and Asia, where the rural poor and smallholders are most heavily affected. If people are to survive in these ever harsher conditions, their crops need to withstand drought, high temperatures and poor soils. Cactus crops are gaining increasing interest across the globe, in particular cactus pear (Opuntia ficus− indica), because of its unique characteristics which provide resilience to the above mentioned harsh conditions. Cactus pear is able to grow on land where no other crops are able to grow; it can be used to restore degraded land and in many countries, such as Ethiopia, it is the only crop that can be relied on when everything else fails. The crop originates in Mexico – still the largest producing and consuming country in the world – but other countries, including Morocco, Ethiopia, South Africa, Kenya, India and Pakistan, are increasing their production and use. Infos: Year of publication: 2017 Author: Inglese, P.; Mondragon, C.; Nefzaoui, A.; Sáenz, C. Publisher: FAO Pages: 244 p. Tags: ecology; cultivation; dry and semi-dry cultivation; plant morphology; taxonomy; Opuntia ficus indica; plant genetic resources. Download File

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Newsletter Mediterranean Agronomic Institue of Bari DOCUMENTATION CENTRE - CIHEAM BARI Titolo: L'Italia e gli Obiettivi di Sviluppo Sostenibile: Rapporto ASviS 2017

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Abstract: Il Rapporto dell'Alleanza italiana per lo Sviluppo Sostenibile (ASviS), giunto alla sua seconda edizione, valuta l'avanzamento del nostro Paese verso i 17 Obiettivi di sviluppo sostenibile dell'Agenda 2030 dell'ONU, sottoscritta dai governi di 193 Paesi il 25 settembre del 2015, e gli ambiti in cui bisogna intervenire per assicurare la sostenibilità economica, sociale e ambientale del nostro modello di sviluppo. Il Rapporto ASviS 2017 conferma che, nonostante i progressi compiuti in alcuni campi nel corso degli ultimi anni, l'Italia continua a non essere in una condizione di sviluppo sostenibile come definita dall'Agenda 2030 per lo sviluppo sostenibile adottata, il 25 settembre del 2015, dai 193 Paesi dell'ONU. E non sarà in grado di centrare né i Target da raggiungere entro il 2020, né quelli fissati al 2030, a meno di un cambiamento radicale del proprio modello di sviluppo. In assenza di tale cambiamento, nonostante il ritorno della crescita economica misurata in termini di Prodotto interno lordo, povertà, disuguaglianze e degrado ambientale, tanto per citare alcuni fenomeni di maggiore rilievo, non verranno ridotti drasticamente, come previsto dall'Agenda 2030. Come segnalano gli indicatori compositi calcolati dall'ASviS, presentati per la prima volta in questo Rapporto, nel corso degli ultimi anni si registra un miglioramento per nove Obiettivi (Fame e alimentazione, Salute e benessere, Educazione di qualità, Uguaglianza di genere, Infrastrutture resilienti, Modelli sostenibili di consumo, Riduzione dei gas serra per combattere il riscaldamento climatico, Tutela dei mari e Giustizia per tutti), un sensibile peggioramento per quattro (Povertà, Gestione delle acque, Disuguaglianze ed Ecosistema terrestre), mentre la situazione resta statica per i restanti quattro (Energia, Occupazione, Città sostenibili e Cooperazione internazionale). Ciononostante, le distanze dagli altri Paesi europei restano molto ampie, come evidenziato dalle analisi della Fondazione Bertelsmann e di diverse organizzazioni internazionali, per non parlare delle forti disuguaglianze territoriali, socio-economiche e di genere presenti in Italia, in evidente contrasto con il motto dell'Agenda 2030 “che nessuno resti indietro”. I diversi scenari calcolati al 2030 utilizzando un modello di equilibrio economico generale, e presentati per la prima volta in questo Rapporto, indicano chiaramente che: politiche business as usual non sono in grado di migliorare in modo significativo il benessere, l'equità e la sostenibilità del “Sistema Italia”, che, anzi, potrebbe peggiorare il proprio posizionamento rispettoai partner europei; adottando un insieme “sistemico” di politiche economiche, sociali e ambientali è possibile migliorare sensibilmente la performance complessiva del Paese, anche se tale insieme deve essere accompagnato da specifici interventi in settori fondamentali, come quello della qualità dell'acqua e degli ecosistemi, anche per fronteggiare gli effetti negativi del cambiamento climatico. Infos: Year of publication: 2017 Author(s): Questo Rapporto è stato realizzato - sotto la supervisione del Portavoce Enrico Giovannini - grazie al contributo degli esperti impegnati nelle organizzazioni aderenti all'Alleanza Italiana per lo Sviluppo Sostenibile, organizzati in gruppi di lavoro tematici. Publisher: ASviS Pages: 131 p. Tags: Sustainable development; socioeconomic development; social change; policies; development policies. Download File

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Titolo: Étude sur l'agriculture familiale à petite échelle au Proche-Orient et Afrique du Nord. Pays focus: Maroc Abstract: La Petite Agriculture Familiale (PAF) est fortement fragilisée par la conjonction de plusieurs facteurs ; d'abords le foncier avec la complexité des statuts, les problèmes des héritages, indivision et morcellement. Ensuite les marchés ; en dehors de la production laitière et des produits de terroirs (récemment impulsés par le Plan Maroc Vert), la PAF est très faiblement connectée aux filières. Et enfin le financement et les incitations de l'Etat ; seul 10% des exploitations agricoles du pays disposent des garanties conventionnelles qui leurs permettent de contracter des prêts bancaires. Si la PAF déploie des stratégies et des formes de bricolage technique et institutionnel pour accéder aux ressources productives (ex. eaux souterraines), la compétition avec les grandes entreprises agricoles risque de la mettre en dehors du circuit de production. Il en découle que l'installation des grandes entreprises agricoles autours des territoires fragiles (oasis, plaine en surexploitation des eaux) devrait être soumise à une rigueur extrême en ce qui concerne les impacts environnementaux et socio-économiques. L'histoire du rural marocain et les politiques publiques le concernant depuis la période du protectorat, ont abouti à une diversité notable et un dualisme tradition/modernité qui occulte toute une diversité de modes de production. Les efforts de l'Etat pour résorber les grandes inégalités économiques entre les deux pôles de l'agriculture se déclinent en grandes stratégies et programme de développement : le PMV, l'Initiative Nationale pour le Développement Humain, le programme de lutte contre les disparités sociales en milieu rural. Infos: Year of publication: 2017 Publisher: FAO Author: Errahj, M. Pages: 98 p. ISBN: 978-92-5-209560-7 Tags: family farming; small scale farming; smallholders; sustainable agriculture; agricultural policies; Middle East; North Africa; Morocco. Download File

Luigi Sisto e-mail: l.sisto@iamb.it Tel. 080/4606265 Editorial board: Giuseppe Inchingolo e-mail: inchingolog@iamb.it Tel. 080/4606269 Wanda Occhialini e-mail: occhialini@iamb.it Tel. 080/4606266 Graphic design and layout: Fabio La Notte e-mail: lanotte@iamb.it Tel.080/4606221 Editor-in-chief:

La presente newsletter non viene considerata una “testata giornalistica” e neppure un “prodotto editoriale” ai sensi della legge n° 62 del 7.03.2001. I testi e le immagini inserite nella sezione “news” sono tratte da siti internet e, pertanto, considerate di pubblico dominio. Tuttavia i curatori della presente si impegnano a citarne le fonti tramite link ai siti web di riferimento non ritenendosi quindi responsabili del loro contenuto che può essere soggetto a variazioni nel tempo. This newsletter is neither deemed to be a “newspaper” nor an “editorial product” under the terms of law no. 62 of 7 March 2001. Texts and images in the “news” section are taken from Internet websites and are thus considered to be in the public domain. However, the editors of this newsletter are committed to quote the sources through links to the reference websites and, therefore, they shall not be held liable for their content that may be subject to possible changes over time.

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