Integrated Physics and Chemistry Unit 7: Acids and Bases, Chapter 8 Worksheet 1 Omit p. 228-239. Read pages 240-249. 1. Define: a. Acid b. Indicator c. Base d. Neutralization e. Strong acid f. Strong base g. Weak acids and weak bases h. Electrolyte Match the following. Choices will be used more than once. ______2. ______3. ______4. ______5. ______6. ______7. ______8. ______9. _____10. _____11. _____
H2SO4 a. Acetic acid H3PO4 b. Carbonic acid HCl c. Hydrochloric acid CH3COOH d. Nitric acid H2CO3 e. Phosphoric acid HNO3 f. Sulfuric acid Which acid is found in oil and vinegar dressing? Which acid is found in car batteries? Which acid is found in your stomach? Which two acids are used in the production of fertilizer?
12. Name three general properties of acids. a. b. c.
13. What gas is given off when an acid reacts with a metal? __________________ 14. Blue litmus paper turns ________in the presence of an acid. 15. Name three general properties of bases. a. b. c. Match the following. Choices will be used more than once. ______16. ______17. ______18. ______19. ______20. ______21. ______22. ______23.
sodium hydroxide magnesium hydroxide aluminum hydroxide calcium hydroxide Found in drain cleaner. Found in deodorant. A laxative. Found in concrete and plaster.
a. b. c. d.
Al(OH)3 Ca(OH)2 Mg(OH)2 NaOH
24. Bases turn red litmus paper ___________. 25. The pH scale is from ________to ________. 26. Name four substances with a pH less than 7. a. b. c. d. 27. Name a neutral substance. _________________ 28. Name three substances with a pH greater than 7. a. b. c.