Issuu on Google+

Chronology of Events In Vietnam’s History 1545

Civil strife disturbs Viet Nam, splitting the nation for nearly two centuries.

1627

Alexandre de Rhodes, a French missionary, adapts the Vietnamese Language to the Roman alphabet. Paves the way for further French influence in Vietnam.

1772

Start of the Tayson Rebellion. The ruling Nguyen clan is unseated from power. French missionary activity spreads.

1820

Captain John White of Salem, Massachusetts, is the first American to set foot in Vietnam.

1843

A permanent French fleet is deployed in Asian waters.

1847

French forces clash with Vietnamese mandarins at the city of Tourane, now known as Danang. Tu Duc ascends to the throne and plans to eliminate Christianity in Vietnam.

1861

French troops capture the city of Saigon.

1862

Tu Duc signs a treaty with France granting the French broad religious, economic and political concessions.

1863

French control extends to Cambodia.

1873

French inroads into Tonkin begin.

1879

Cochinchina’s first French civilian governor is appointed.

1883

France establishes a “protectorate” over Annam and Tonkin and rules Cochinchina as a colony.

1890

Ho Chi Minh is born in central Vietnam.

1911

Ho leaves Vietnam, not to return for 30 years.

1914

World War I begins in Europe. Several hundred thousand Vietnamese are sent to France to serve in labor battalions.

1919

Ho tries to petition President Woodrow Wilson, at the Versailles Peace Conference, for self-determination in Vietnam.

1920

Ho joins the newly formed French Communist Party in December.


1930

Ho and comrades form Indochinese Communist party in Hong Kong.

1932

Bao Dai, theoretically emporer since 1925, returns to Vietnam from school in France to ascend the throne under French tutelage.

1940

Leaving the French administrative government intact, Japan occupies French Indochina.

1941

Ho returns to Vietnam covertly, forming the Vietminh to fight both Japan and France.

1944

Vi Nguyen Giap forms the Vietminh Army.

1945

France declares Vietnam a “free state” within the French Union

1946

French break off talks with the Vietminh and French naval vessels bomb Haiphon harbor. Vietminh forces withdraw from Hanoi after attacking French garrisons. The French Indochina War has begun.

1954

The Battle of Dienbienphu begins on March 13, the French are defeated by May 8. Bao Dai appoints Diem Prime Minister.

1957

Vietnam is permanently divided into separate states, at the request by the Soviet Union, and admitted to the United Nations.

1959

Diem legalizes intense persecution of Communist suspects and dissidents. North Vietnam organized Group 559 for the expressed purpose of smuggling troops and weapons into South Vietnam via the Ho Chi Minh Trail.

1960

Coup takes place in Laos. SVN attempts to remove Diem from power.

1961

LBJ visits Vietnam and returns, advising now President Kennedy to increase aid and support of Diem as part of the “containment

doctrine.” Kennedy sends more military equipment and “advisors” to support Diem. 1962

American military advisor presence increases from 700 to 12,000. Strategic Hamlet Program is instituted.

1964

General Nguyen Khanh seizes power in Saigon. Secretary of State McNamara visits Vietnam and vows support for Khanh. Gulf of Tonkin incident takes place.


1964 cont. 1965

1966

Tonkin Resolution passed. Khanh steps down and leaves the nation. Vietcong stage attack American military installations. LBJ authorizes Operation Flaming Dart. American combat troops arrive in Danang. LBJ authorizes additional increases in American troop deployments. U.S. defeats the NVA forces at the Battle of Ia Drang.


/Chronology_of_Events_In_Viet_Nam