Chronology of Events In Vietnam’s History 1545
Civil strife disturbs Viet Nam, splitting the nation for nearly two centuries.
Alexandre de Rhodes, a French missionary, adapts the Vietnamese Language to the Roman alphabet. Paves the way for further French influence in Vietnam.
Start of the Tayson Rebellion. The ruling Nguyen clan is unseated from power. French missionary activity spreads.
Captain John White of Salem, Massachusetts, is the first American to set foot in Vietnam.
A permanent French fleet is deployed in Asian waters.
French forces clash with Vietnamese mandarins at the city of Tourane, now known as Danang. Tu Duc ascends to the throne and plans to eliminate Christianity in Vietnam.
French troops capture the city of Saigon.
Tu Duc signs a treaty with France granting the French broad religious, economic and political concessions.
French control extends to Cambodia.
French inroads into Tonkin begin.
Cochinchina’s first French civilian governor is appointed.
France establishes a “protectorate” over Annam and Tonkin and rules Cochinchina as a colony.
Ho Chi Minh is born in central Vietnam.
Ho leaves Vietnam, not to return for 30 years.
World War I begins in Europe. Several hundred thousand Vietnamese are sent to France to serve in labor battalions.
Ho tries to petition President Woodrow Wilson, at the Versailles Peace Conference, for self-determination in Vietnam.
Ho joins the newly formed French Communist Party in December.
Ho and comrades form Indochinese Communist party in Hong Kong.
Bao Dai, theoretically emporer since 1925, returns to Vietnam from school in France to ascend the throne under French tutelage.
Leaving the French administrative government intact, Japan occupies French Indochina.
Ho returns to Vietnam covertly, forming the Vietminh to fight both Japan and France.
Vi Nguyen Giap forms the Vietminh Army.
France declares Vietnam a “free state” within the French Union
French break off talks with the Vietminh and French naval vessels bomb Haiphon harbor. Vietminh forces withdraw from Hanoi after attacking French garrisons. The French Indochina War has begun.
The Battle of Dienbienphu begins on March 13, the French are defeated by May 8. Bao Dai appoints Diem Prime Minister.
Vietnam is permanently divided into separate states, at the request by the Soviet Union, and admitted to the United Nations.
Diem legalizes intense persecution of Communist suspects and dissidents. North Vietnam organized Group 559 for the expressed purpose of smuggling troops and weapons into South Vietnam via the Ho Chi Minh Trail.
Coup takes place in Laos. SVN attempts to remove Diem from power.
LBJ visits Vietnam and returns, advising now President Kennedy to increase aid and support of Diem as part of the “containment
doctrine.” Kennedy sends more military equipment and “advisors” to support Diem. 1962
American military advisor presence increases from 700 to 12,000. Strategic Hamlet Program is instituted.
General Nguyen Khanh seizes power in Saigon. Secretary of State McNamara visits Vietnam and vows support for Khanh. Gulf of Tonkin incident takes place.
1964 cont. 1965
Tonkin Resolution passed. Khanh steps down and leaves the nation. Vietcong stage attack American military installations. LBJ authorizes Operation Flaming Dart. American combat troops arrive in Danang. LBJ authorizes additional increases in American troop deployments. U.S. defeats the NVA forces at the Battle of Ia Drang.