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Published by: ORO Editions Publishers of Architecture, Art, and Design Gordon Goff: Publisher www.oroeditions.com info@oroeditions.com Copyright Š 2014 by HOK ISBN: 978-1-941806-22-7 10 09 08 07 06 5 4 3 2 1 First Edition Color Separations and Printing: ORO Group Ltd. Printed in China. All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, including electronic, mechanical, photocopying or microfilming, recording, or otherwise, without written permission from the publisher. The text is printed using offset sheet-fed lithographic printing process in five color on 157gsm premium matte art. ORO Editions makes a continuous effort to minimize the overall carbon footprint of its publications. As part of this goal, ORO Editions, in association with Global ReLeaf, arranges to plant trees to replace those used in the manufacturing of the paper produced for its books. Global ReLeaf is an international campaign run by American Forests, one of the world's oldest nonprofit conservation organizations. Global ReLeaf is American Forests' education and action program that helps individuals, organizations, agencies, and corporations improve the local and global environment by planting and caring for trees. Library of Congress data: Available upon request For information on our distribution, please visit our website www.oroeditions.com


HOK’S MISSION IS TO DELIVER EXCEPTIONAL DESIGN IDEAS AND SOLUTIONS THROUGH THE CREATIVE BLENDING OF HUMAN NEED, ENVIRONMENTAL STEWARDSHIP, VALUE CREATION, SCIENCE AND ART.


PREFACE


Tall buildings give form to human aspiration. For the

Readers will see that each tall building has its own

past two centuries, they have served as powerful

personality and character. Some are iconic, while

expressions of our creativity, knowledge and will.

others fit comfortably into their context.

They are symbols of their time and place. Each of HOK’s tall buildings integrate sculpture and As people around the world gravitate toward urban

science to create a sustainable, high-performance

cores, how will our big cities continue to add density

structure. The forms emerge from our clients'

while preserving vital open space? The cities of the

needs as well as from the building program,

future will ultimately have just one direction to grow:

structural and vertical transportation systems,

up. One can imagine vertical cities with clusters

site, climate and culture.

of interrelated high-rises linked by aerial thoroughfares and side streets. In these vibrant

We thank our clients for their trust, vision and

mixed-use towers, people will live, work, shop and

partnership as together we give shape to the future

choose from numerous dining and entertainment

landscape of tall buildings and urban cores.

options. Green zones and public plazas within the buildings will sustain the people who occupy these 24-hour environments. This book demonstrates how HOK's architects have approached tall building design in the recent past and how global social and economic forces are transforming the towers of the future.

HOK Design Board


TABLE OF CONTENTS

Abaad Tower

12

Abu Dhabi National Oil Company Headquarters

18

Ad Dahna Towers

28

20 Anson Road

34

Bakrie Tower

40

Baku Flame Towers

46

Bank Headquarters for Confidential Client

54

Barclays World Headquarters

60


Beijing Central Business District Block Z8

66

Beijing Central Business District Block Z15

74

California State Teachers' Retirement System Headquarters

82

Capital Market Authority Tower

90

Changsha Furong District Dongpailou Complex

116

Crystal Tower

124

Dubai World Trade Centre

130

Greenland Center Southern New City High-Rise

134

Greenland Dalian East Harbor Tower

142

Hexi CBD Mixed-Use Development

152

Hotel Competition for Confidential Client

160

IJ-Toren

166

Intercontinental Mixed-Use Tower

172

Jurong Town Corporation Summit

178

Keangnam Hanoi Landmark Tower

184

Lotte Mooselon Tower

192

535 Mission Street

198

Mongolia Democracy Tower

202

Moscow City Plots 17 + 18

210

Nanjing Financial Center

216

New Songdo City Mixed-Use Block D23

222

New Songdo City Mixed-Use Residential Block D22

230

Riyadh Mixed-Use Development

238

Samba Bank

244

Samsung Research and Development Facility 4

252

Sheraton Incheon Hotel in New Songdo City

258

Suzhou SIP Tower

266

US Bank Tower at 621 Capitol Mall

274

West India Quay Tower

280

Wuchang Riverside Business District Master Plan + Super High-Rise

286

Xiamen International Centre

294

Studies of Function + Form

300

50

110

0

Century Square

100 200 500ft

9

INDIANAPOLIS INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT


WORLD MAP

Baccarat Hotel Silverstein 11th Avenue 535 Mission Street CalSTRS Headquarters US Bank Tower at 621 Capitol Mall

As we compiled the projects for HOK Tall Buildings, the world map showing their locations began to tell a story. This map illustrates the number and sheer monumentality of the tall buildings rising in Asia and the Middle East, reflecting the economic growth and optimism of these regions. HOK Tall Building Project HOK Office


Lotte Mooselon Tower New Songdo City Block D24 New Songdo City Mixed-Use Block D23 New Songdo City Mixed-Use Residential Block D22 Barclays World Headquarters West India Quay Tower IJ-Toren

Samsung Research and Development Facility 4 Sheraton Incheon Hotel in New Songdo City

Moscow City Plots 17+18 Mongolia Democracy Tower Bank Headquarters for Confidential Client Hotel Competition for Confidential Client Turkey Mixed-Use Tower

11

Baku Flame Towers Crystal Tower Intercontinental Mixed-Use Tower Keangnam Hanoi Landmark Tower Ad Dahna Towers Capital Market Authority Tower Beijing Central Business District Block Z8

Riyadh Mixed-Use Development

Beijing Central Business District Block Z15

Samba Bank

Changsha Furong District Dongpailou Complex

Century Square Abaad Tower ADNOC Headquarters Dubai Towers Dubai World Trade Centre

20 Anson Road JTC Summit

China Construction Bank Greenland Center Southern New City High-Rise Greenland Dalian East Harbor

Bakrie Tower

Hexi CBD Mixed-Use Development Nanjing Financial Center Suzhou SIP Tower Topwin Beijing Wuchang Riverside Business District Xiamen International Centre Yusha Square Zhengzhou Hotel Zhengzhou Technology Development


Abaad Tower 13

Dubai, UAE

With clean lines and carefully designed

The interior and landscape reinforce the

details, this speculative office building for

architectural concept through use of similar

Height: 656 feet / 200 meters

Abaad Real Estate Company creates a strong

materials, rhythms and patterns to create a

45 stories

architectural statement along Sheikh Zayed

serene, harmonious environment.

Road, Dubai’s major highway. Design completion: 2008

The flexible floor plates, strong identity The tower’s silhouette, fabric and pattern

and numerous amenities help attract

fuse to create a building that commands

corporate tenants.

attention among the surrounding corporate and institutional towers. The facade integrates aluminum and fritted glass in several combinations: as a prefinished aluminum engineered wall system, aluminum facade louver system, channel glass facade system and curtain wall.

◄ view from sheikh zayed road

tall buildings

465,000 sq. ft. / 43,200 sq. m.


2 5

3

4 6

5

▲ sky terrace floor plan

▲ typical high-rise floor plan

1

1

drop-off

2

reception

3

retail / café

4

meeting rooms

5

office

6

service

7

vehicular access

8

loading

2 3

8

7

3

6 3

5

3

▲ ground floor plan

▲ typical low-rise floor plan


0 8 16 32 64t

15

ABAAD TOWER

▲ south elevation

▲ west elevation

▲ east elevation

▲ north elevation


â–˛ channel glass study

â–˛ sky terrace section


1

2

1

aluminum glass screen

2

double-glazed curtain wall with ceramic frit

3

vertical aluminum mullion caps

4

prefinished aluminum facade system

5

double glazing with horizontal ceramic frit

6

spandrel glass panel

7

profilit channel glass facade system

8

aluminum facade louver system

9

prefinished aluminum facade system

10 sealed double glazing in aluminum frame 11 prefinished aluminum column cover

4

3 5

6 17

ABAAD TOWER

8 7

10 9

11

â—„ material diagram


▲ lobby facade

Abu Dhabi National Oil Company Headquarters 19

Abu Dhabi, UAE

The design combines majestic spaces and

Oil Company symbolizes the company’s

high-quality materials. To maximize flexibility,

Height: 1,123 feet / 342 meters

importance in the development of the United

offices are organized with a modular approach

74 stories

Arab Emirates.

that is interchangeable and repeatable.

Completion: 2015

Located on one of Abu Dhabi’s most prominent

The tower's north-south orientation minimizes

urban sites, the tower will create a new city

the ground-level footprint, leaving ample room

landmark while articulating ADNOC’s role as

for landscaped amenity space. A rectilinear

one of the world’s most dynamic, influential

podium extends from the base of the tower. A

petroleum companies. The proximity of the

curvilinear auditorium adjacent to the tower

Emirates Palace Hotel adds to the site's

acts as a contrasting sculptural element.

exclusivity, with the tower serving as the primary view for VIPs and patrons at the

Extending south of the tower structure,

Emirates Palace complex.

the three-level rectangular podium houses employee services, retail space, the service

The structure’s design maximizes views of

loading area, a heritage museum, and the main

the Arabian Gulf and takes advantage of the

lobby and circulation space.

site’s prime location through careful massing of the tower and placement of the surrounding courts, plazas and landscape.

◄ renderings

tall buildings

The new headquarters for Abu Dhabi National

1.9 million sq. ft. / 175,300 sq. m.


3

1 2

4

â–˛ site plan 1

podium

2

auditorium building

3

tower

4

mosque

3

2 level 61 executive floor plan â–ş 1 1

reception

2

board room

3

majlis

DN UP


3

high-rise level floor plan ► 1

reception

2

meeting

3

waiting area

2

1

0 1 5 10 20 m

3 mid-rise level floor plan ► 2 1

reception

2

meeting

3

waiting area

21 1

2 low-rise level floor plan ► 1

reception

2

meeting

3

waiting area

1

ABU DHABI NATIONAL OIL COMPANY HEADQUARTERS

3


▲ south facade

23

ABU DHABI NATIONAL OIL COMPANY HEADQUARTERS

▲ north elevation ◄ facade detail

▲ east elevation

▲ south elevation


▼ main entrance

25

ABU DHABI NATIONAL OIL COMPANY HEADQUARTERS

▲ aerial view, phase two ◄ reception atrium


â–ź tower construction


▼ tower construction

27

ABU DHABI NATIONAL OIL COMPANY HEADQUARTERS

▲ tower construction


Ad Dahna Towers 29

Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Tower 1:

This tower pair is designed as one in a series

provides privacy for the hotel and housing

of central towers defining a new business

tower, with their close proximity enhancing

district in Riyadh.

the towers' visual strength and energy efficiency. Both are enclosed with highly

Height: 984 feet / 300 meters Planned to create a new city center for

efficient structural exoskeletons that defi ne

Riyadh, the proposed mixed-use

building scale and character while providing

Tower 2:

development includes a primary tower

shading and screening for each tower.

Height: 787 feet / 240 meters

containing office space with a second tower

55 stories

supporting a five-star hotel and upper-level

Undergirding the development is a 3,500-car

luxury condominiums.

parking structure that provides new ground

70 stories

for the building’s podium and urban gardens.

Competition: 2008

◄ rendering

The design team formed and oriented these

This podium unites the complex and offers

elliptical towers to create a powerful presence

users access to retail, entertainment and

while minimizing solar heat gain. The strategy

professional services within a garden setting.

tall buildings

3 million sq. ft. / 280,000 sq. m.


high-performance triple glazing

insulated concrete exoskeleton with metal rain screen cladding

ductal concrete mashrabiya

â–˛ section

3 5 2

1

3

6 2

4

site plan â–ş 1

atrium

2

retail

3

restaurant

4

office lobby

5

hotel lobby

6

condo lobby


5

3 0 5

penthouse condo

sky lobby office

apartments retail

▲ level 21 floor plan

hotel

2

1 2

▲ level 2 floor plan 1

retail

2

restaurant

3

office

4

hotel

5

condominium

1

31

AD DAHNA TOWERS

retail

3

40m

4

20

office

10

▲ level 45 floor plan


▼ rendering

33

AD DAHNA TOWERS


20 Anson Road 35

Singapore

metal skin facade creates a flotation-free

fabric of Singapore’s central business district,

form that reflects Malay traditions while

Height: 351 feet / 107 meters

this contemporary office tower contains

delivering a functional elevation with

20 stories

Class A offices with small-scale retail in the

natural ventilation.

entrance lobby. Access into the site is direct and efficient.

Completion: 2009 The 20-story office is a highly energy-

In addition to an at-grade vehicular drop-off

efficient glass box with individual offices

area, two levels of car parking are raised

designed for maximum flexibility as

above a generous ground floor lobby height

sustainable working environments.

to provide naturally ventilated car parking. A two-way helical ramp offers easy access to

Set in a tranquil garden with abundant local flora, the podium provides a unified and elegant architectural focus. The podium’s

◄ view from street

the parking levels.

tall buildings

Rising on a triangular plot within the urban

253,000 sq. ft. / 23,500 sq. m.


5

3

1

1 4

2

▲ ground floor plan

▲ typical floor plan

1

gopeng street

1

2

anson road

3

drop-off area

4

open plaza

5

retail

▲ outdoor plaza

▲ outdoor plaza

office suites


0 5 10 20 40m

37

20 ANSON ROAD

▲ exterior facade

▲ section


â–ź view from street


39

20 ANSON ROAD

â–ź entrance lobby


1

2 3

5

4

Bakrie Tower 41

As the centerpiece of an extensive mixed-

tall buildings

970,000 sq. ft. / 90,000 sq. m.

Jakarta, Indonesia

use development in central Jakarta, this Height: 700 feet / 214 meters

tower is the new corporate headquarters

48 stories

for one of Indonesia’s premier land development corporations.

Completion: 2009 A sequence of rotating floor plates extending the height of the building gives the tower its striking shape. The complex, modular facade system creates a collection of unique forms and textures. In addition to commercial office space, the structure includes an art gallery, café and restaurant, conferencing facilities, executive suites and a private rooftop helipad.

◄ street view


2

1

4

2 3

6

5

â–˛ site plan 1

lobby

2

entry

3

plaza

4

art gallery

5

media walk gateway

6

water feature


2 0 2 4

3 1 10

3

20m

◄ typical high-rise office plan 1

lobby

2

office

3

void

43

BAKRIE TOWER

▲ street view rendering

▲ elevation


▼ street view

▼ street view rendering

45

BAKRIE TOWER


Baku Flame Towers 47

Baku, Azerbaijan

Though they appear similar from the outside,

A retail podium anchors the towers, providing

Bay and the old city center, this iconic trio of

each of the three towers is designed to serve

leisure and retail amenities such as cinemas

Tower 1:

buildings transforms the Baku skyline while

a unique function.

and shopping.

Height: 620 feet / 190 meters

advancing the city’s high-tech identity. The 33-story residential tower – the tallest of

LED lights on the exterior of the buildings

Visible from most vantage points in the city,

the three – sits to the south, accommodating

create a flickering effect that enhances the

Tower 2:

the towers symbolize the revitalization of

130 luxury apartments with stunning views.

"flame" concept at night.

Height: 520 feet / 160 meters

Baku and its entry into the 21st century.

30 stories

The towers' location opposite Azerbaijan’s

Operated by Fairmont Hotels, the hotel is

Baku Flame Towers is a project by Azinko

parliament buildings creates a new focal point

located on the northern corner of the site

Development MMC, with DIA Holdings serving

for the Baku community.

and consists of 318 rooms, including 19

as design-build contractor.

33 stories

Tower 3:

apartments, on 30 floors.

Height: 460 feet / 140 meters 28 stories Completion: 2013

Known as the "region of eternal fires," Azerbaijan’s history of fire worship and its

Located on the west side of the complex,

natural gas resources inspired the unique

the office tower includes more than 33,000

design of the three flame-shaped towers.

square meters of flexible, Class A commercial

Designers used parametric modeling to

office space.

translate the intricate conceptual forms into a simplified "kit" of construction elements.

◄ towers illuminated

tall buildings

Perched on a hilltop site overlooking Baku

2.5 million sq. ft. / 234,500 sq. m.


â–˛ view to towers


0 5 10

1

20

7 7

50m

5 6 9

8

49 7

2

7

3

â–˛ level 2 retail floor plan 1

hotel tower

2

residential tower

3

office tower

4

mall entrance

5

mall level 2 retail

6

mall entrance level 1

7

retail units

8

open to below

9

cinema complex

7

4

7

BAKU FLAME TOWERS

7


▲ view to towers

▲ view of harbor + flame towers


51

BAKU FLAME TOWERS

▲ podium axonometric


▼ view of harbor + flame towers

53

BAKU FLAME TOWERS


Bank Headquarters for Confidential Client 55

Istanbul, Turkey

Forming the new banking gateway at the

Acknowledging the historical context of the

1.4 million sq. ft. / 130,000 sq. m.

Istanbul International Financial Center, these

region, the contemporary design is infl uenced

Height: 656 feet / 200 meters

paired office towers exemplify the emergence

by the traditional Seljuk style of Turkish

50 stories

of Turkey as a center of commerce at the

architecture that shaped monumental stone

crossroads of two continents.

buildings with diamond-shaped patterns in the 12th and 13th centuries.

Tower 2: 968,800 sq. ft. / 90,000 sq. m.

The two glass structures symbolize the

Height: 492 feet / 150 meters

joining of east and west in a harmonious, yet

The strong, simple extruded tower forms are

40 stories

distinctive, expression that asserts the bank’s

enhanced by an intelligent glass skin with

arrival onto the world stage.

bay windows that extend up from the base of the towers. Traversing the facades, the

Competition: 2013 The structures create a new identity for the

flowing pattern serves as a metaphor for the

bank through a memorable design uniquely

cascading waters of the mighty Bosphorus

suited to Istanbul’s stunning geography and

linking Europe and Asia.

layers of history and culture.

◄ rendering

tall buildings

Tower 1:


▲ site elevation

▲ tower 1 plan

▲ tower 2 plan


0 1

5

10

20m

BANK HEADQUARTERS FOR CONFIDENTIAL CLIENT

▲ site rendering

57 ▲ section


▼ perspective

59

BANK HEADQUARTERS FOR CONFIDENTIAL CLIENT


Barclays World Headquarters 61

London, UK

Acting as an energy buffer, the atria combine

an efficient, high-performance office

with the green roof and other sustainable

Height: 510 feet / 160 meters

environment for more than 6,000 people. The

strategies to help the tower achieve a BREEAM

32 stories

tower features 30 upper levels arranged over

Excellent rating.

the ground level and four basement levels. The structure of the tower was designed

Completion: 2005 The design of the floor plan deviates from

to address several emergency conditions,

a conventional approach by concentrating

including the accommodation of the building’s

service cores to the north of the site, which

entire population within the internal stair cores.

allows for a bank of atria on the south facade. These five stacked atria, each six stories in

The tower is clad predominantly in glass with

height, create lofty spaces that allow natural

reflective steel mullions. The simplified atria

light to penetrate deep into the office plan.

facade is hung from a series of steel masts

Each atrium has a visual theme, offering areas

and can be clearly seen rising up the south

for meetings or relaxation among informal

face. Elsewhere, the character of the facade

plantings and striking commissioned artwork.

is dependent on the light, catching either the verticality of the mullions or the horizontal

The ground-floor lobby, one of the largest in Canary Wharf, is linked below street level to major retail facilities and the Canary Wharf Underground Station. Other building amenities include a health and fitness center, a 365-seat restaurant and training facilities.

â—„ street view

glass and panel arrangement of each level.

tall buildings

Barclays' headquarters tower provides

355,200 sq. ft. / 33,000 sq. m.


6 6

7

7

6

5

2

3 1 4 2 1 ▲ ground floor plan

▲ typical floor plan

1

drop-off area

1

six-story stacked atrium

2

main entrance

2

office floor

3

double-height lobby

4

access from lower ground mall

5

west entrance pedestrian bridge

6

west india dock

7

dockside landscaped terrace

▲ south elevation

▲ west elevation


0

5

10

20

40m

BARCLAYS WORLD HEADQUARTERS

▲ lobby ▲ facade

63 ▲ lobby ▲ atrium


â–ź facade


▼ view from harbor

65

BARCLAYS WORLD HEADQUARTERS


Beijing Central Business District Block Z8 67

Beijing, China

Structurally, the two towers are codependent,

and the other a hotel – are located in the heart

achieving their slenderness through the

Height: 951 feet / 290 meters

of Beijing, on the main east-west axis road

use of side-loaded cores that support large,

60 stories

leading to the Forbidden City.

open floor plates.

Competition: 2010

Reimagining the typical tower arrangement of

The structural design is a hybrid of steel

stacking a hotel above office space, the design

and concrete construction, with the primary

team placed the elements side-by-side as

side-loaded cores composed of concrete,

independent structures, connected

steel-braced frames around the atria. The

by an atrium.

190-meter-tall hotel has flat concrete slab floor plates, while the 290-meter office tower

A series of vertically organized, small-scaled neighborhood courtyards link the buildings. Conceived as vertical "hutongs," the spaces draw inspiration from the narrow alleys that have contributed to Beijing’s historical fabric. Placed on the site to take advantage of natural daylighting and views, the towers provide extremely flexible floor plates.

◄ aerial rendering

has composite steel floor plates.

tall buildings

These two slender towers – one an office tower

1.8 million sq. ft. / 167,225 sq. m.


▼ ground level floor plan

▼ typical upper level floor plan

4

1

1

3

1

office

2

meeting

amenity shared space

3

hotel

4

office drop-off

4

lift lobby

5

hotel drop-off

1

office lobby

2

hotel lobby

3

4

2 4 3

2

5

▲ west elevation

▲ south elevation


0

5

10

15

30m

69

BEIJING CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT BLOCK Z8

▲ massing diagram


â–˛ plaza view


71

BEIJING CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT BLOCK Z8

▲ vertical hutong


â–˛ rendering


▼ view along road

73

BEIJING CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT BLOCK Z8


Beijing Central Business District Block Z15 75

Beijing, China

A high-performance curtain wall system

this mixed-use tower design symbolizes the

integrates three distinct wall types that

Height: 1,433 feet / 437 meters

timeless form of a mountain rising above the

combine composite glass and stone to take

109 stories

activity taking place in the heart of Beijing's

advantage of natural daylight and energy

central business district.

harvesting while delivering optimal energy efficiency. The screened texture of the walls

Competition: 2009 The design creates a vibrant, new urban

reflects traditional architectural elements.

center where finance, culture and information converge. Office, hotel and residential

A series of small, neighborhood-scaled parks

functions are housed within a modern,

throughout the structure creates intimate

timeless structure that embodies the city's

green spaces.

traditions and aspirations. Square and circular elements combine to create an eight-sided geometric form that ascends to the sky and tapers at its peak. At its upper levels, the tower opens to two separate forms that enclose a sky atrium, providing dramatic views of the city’s historic center and symbolizing its future prosperity.

◄ aerial

tall buildings

Reflecting the strong Chinese economy,

3.06 million sq. ft. / 284,900 sq. m.


5

3

4

1

2

4

3

5 6

7 â—„ ground level floor plan

5

1

office lobby

2

hotel lobby

3

residential / service units

4

drop-off

5

water feature

6

sunken plaza

7

wood public plaza


▲ typical hotel floor plan 77

BEIJING CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT BLOCK Z15

▲ typical office floor plan


west

â–˛ aerial

east

south

north

â—„ stone elevation diagram


west

east

south

north

◄ glass elevation diagram

79

BEIJING CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT BLOCK Z15

▲ aerial


▼ aerial rendering

81

BEIJING CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT BLOCK Z15

▲ physical model


California State Teachers' Retirement System Headquarters 83

West Sacramento, California, USA

board room. The tower includes 13 tower

a ship’s billowing, translucent sail, the

floors and two levels of mechanical facilities,

Height: 300 feet / 91 meters

California State Teachers’ Retirement System

with the podium occupying the first and

19 stories

(CalSTRS) headquarters facility is on a former

second levels. Parking starts on the ground

shipbuilding site at the nexus of two important

level and rises five levels within the podium.

Completion: 2008

rivers: the Sacramento and the American. In general office areas, the design creates an The dynamic structure salutes the history of

open plan with low-height partitions, providing

the city’s riverfront while incorporating design

90 percent of occupants with access to

strategies for energy efficiency.

natural light. To ensure that individuals never sit with their backs to workstation

The ideas of translucency and water are

openings, the planning concept is based on

emphasized inside the building through

a 120-degree orientation. The workstation

a primary public art feature. Dubbed the

units feature a sail-like appendage that

"River Room," the glass feature lines the

reinforces the ship imagery that pervades the

main circulation space in the lobby, where

facility. An underfloor air distribution system

it shimmers, shifts and scatters light

with individual comfort controls reduces

throughout the day.

energy consumption.

Housing approximately 850 staff, the headquarters building includes offices, an auditorium, an audiovisual and editing studio, a dining facility, a conference center and a

◄ street view

tall buildings

Featuring an exterior skin that simulates

409,000 sq. ft. / 38,000 sq. m.


1

6 7

5

4

2

3

â–˛ site plan 1

parking

2

caucus room

3

board chamber

4

member services

5

lobby

6

dining area

7

outdoor patio


1

2 0 5

3

10

open office

2

file room

3

break area

4

conference rooms

1

40ft

1

20

4 typical floor plan ►

85

CALIFORNIA STATE TEACHERS' RETIREMENT SYSTEM HEADQUARTERS

▲ dining area


â–˛ podium area sustainability diagram

â–˛ elevation

â–˛ sustainable strategy diagram


87

CALIFORNIA STATE TEACHERS' RETIREMENT SYSTEM HEADQUARTERS

▲ lobby


▼ view from river

89

CALIFORNIA STATE TEACHERS' RETIREMENT SYSTEM HEADQUARTERS


Capital Market Authority Tower 91

Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

A high-performance solar control system

upgraded technology, all systems have

cityscape, the CMA Tower is the tallest of

moderates the intense Saudi light and heat. An

redundant capacity.

Height: 1,260 feet / 384 meters

the five structures that make up the financial

external layer of fins, gantries and perforated

76 stories

plaza of the King Abdullah Financial District.

panels provides shade, amplifying the thermal

The podium structure at the base of the tower

The team designed the iconic tower as the

efficiency of the triple-pane, unitized glazing.

integrates public circulation with private

centerpiece of this new office district. It

Together, these shading devices minimize solar

amenity spaces, including dining facilities and

symbolizes the beginning of a new era of global

gain and internal cooling loads, reducing HVAC

a two-story auditorium.

financial leadership within Saudi Arabia's

requirements. Electrical energy is reclaimed

capital city.

through a photovoltaic array installation on the

HOK designed the tower, which is expected

tower’s roof.

to achieve LEED Gold certification, in

Completion: 2014

The Capital Market Authority will occupy

collaboration with Omrania & Associates.

300,000 square feet of space in the top floors

Eliminating copper-wire-based distribution

of the 76-story office tower.

systems for data and security further reduces internal heat gain. The design uses the "cool"

◄ night view from king fahd road

Representing timelessness and openness, the

technologies of wireless communication,

tower's transparency relates to the cultural

air-blown fiber optics and converged networks.

value of the crystals found along the wadis in

The intelligent infrastructure merges voice,

the Saudi Arabian desert. This transparency

data and video networks to reduce costs,

creates internal openness and provides access

centralize management and boost productivity.

to natural light within the workplace.

To accommodate future expansion and

tall buildings

Soaring 1,260 feet above the surrounding

1,980,000 sq. ft. / 184,000 sq. m.


AIRPORT NORTH

AIRPORT

NORTH

AIRPORT

NORTH

NORTH RINGROAD

NORTH RINGROAD E TH ST RIP

THE OLD RIYADH

THE STRIP

KAFD

Old Riyadh

▲ vicinity plan


93

CAPITAL MARKET AUTHORITY TOWER

▲ site context


â–˛ concept sketches


95

CAPITAL MARKET AUTHORITY TOWER

▲ process renderings


6

6

1 3

4 9

5 3

2

2 1

1 7 8

▲ level b2 floor plan

▲ level 1 floor plan

1

vip parking lobby

1

lobby

2

prayer

2

atrium lobby

3

kitchen

3

auditorium

4

security

5

generators

6

electric / telecom

7

building staff break room

8

building staff locker room

9

storage

5 6

6

3

6

4

4

4 2

5

3

2

7 2

1

1 8 8

7

▲ level b4 floor plan

▲ level b1 floor plan

1

vip parking lobby

1

wadi-level lobby

2

mechanical

2

bookstore

3

pump room

3

travel office

4

water storage

4

waste storage

5

water treatment

5

loading dock

6

electric substation

6

staging

7

storage

7

data center

8

building management


0

2

5

1

10

3

1 20

3

40m

▲ level 3 floor plan

▲ typical high-rise floor plan

1

lobby

1

2

servery

3

dining

tenant space

97

1

▲ level 2 floor plan

▲ typical low-rise floor plan

1

1

auditorium

tenant space

CAPITAL MARKET AUTHORITY TOWER

1


▲ tower curtain wall detail

▲ tower sun shading detail

▲ tower curtain wall detail

▲ south elevation


typical high-rise core ► cma service lift local lifts (53-76)

technical levels

cma shuttle service

fire lift + service lift

typical mid-rise core ►

technical levels mid-rise shuttles

local lifts (1-24)

▲ section

typical low-rise core ►

CAPITAL MARKET AUTHORITY TOWER

local lifts (26-51)

99


▲ tower atrium

101

CAPITAL MARKET AUTHORITY TOWER

▲ tower atrium

◄ tower atrium

▲ tower rendering


â–˛ physical model


▲ podium with structural diagrid

103

▲ podium with shroud

CAPITAL MARKET AUTHORITY TOWER

▲ podium with enclosure system


105 ▲ auditorium

▲ podium atrium CAPITAL MARKET AUTHORITY TOWER

▲ main entrance

◄ café


107

CAPITAL MARKET AUTHORITY TOWER

▲ construction

◄ construction


▼ tower + podium

109

CAPITAL MARKET AUTHORITY TOWER


Century Square 111

Bangalore, India

As the signature element of a 13-acre mixed-

the first level and a more private bedroom and

use master plan developed by HOK, this

living space on level two.

Height: 260 feet / 80 meters

upscale residential tower rises out of an urban

22 stories

garden to establish a commanding presence

The orientation and organization of each

among the surrounding lower-scale buildings.

room is guided by Vastu Shastra, an ancient Indian doctrine based on using directional

Design completion: 2012 A contemporary glass and metal facade

alignments to achieve harmony with nature

appeals to high-end tenants and distinguishes

and the universal flow of energy.

the structure from the typical concrete and tile construction of Indian buildings.

Located on the north side of Bangalore, the development is the first element of an

Drawing inspiration from local stone quarries,

emerging urban district between the city’s

the 22-story building incorporates a series

central business district and Bangalore

of stacked duplex units that gently shift back

International Airport.

and forth to create terraces with panoramic views of the adjacent wetlands. The interior environment re-imagines the traditional mid-rise Indian apartment as a vertical family living space that features an open living room, kitchen and dining area on

◄ rendering

tall buildings

130,550 sq. ft. / 12,130 sq. m.


5

6 4 3 2 4

1

4

5

▲ ground floor plan

▲ night rendering

1

entry lobby

2

lobby

3

meeting room

4

typical unit

5

private gardens

6

roof terrace

▲ penthouse floor plan


0

2.5

5

10

20m

113

CENTURY SQUARE

▲ elevation


â–ź street view rendering

115

CENTURY SQUARE


Changsha Furong District Dongpailou Complex 117

Changsha, China

The design for the Changsha Dongpailou

Tower West commands attention with its

The full length of the development is

12.38 million sq. ft. / 1.15 million sq. m.

Complex brings together a rich variety

crystalline form and dramatic, sloping east

connected by a dynamic, yet easily navigable,

of experiences. The complex integrates

wall. The tower sits with its broad side to

retail path that flows between the western

Offi ce Tower West height:

office high-rises, apartments and a hotel

the river, announcing its presence as a new

subway and the shopping districts to the

1,082 feet / 330 meters

with a series of unique shopping areas and

beacon for the city. From other perspectives,

south. Bisected by a visitor drop-off road,

89 stories

entertainment venues.

the slender, elegant tower appears to dissolve

nine levels of traditional mall spaces occupy

into the surrounding sky.

the west portion of the site. Five levels of

Competition: 2011

The architecture evokes notable regional

street-scale shopping are located to the east.

landmarks and showcases its rich natural

Both the Hotel / Apartment Tower East

These different zones engage participants in

beauty. The site, which is just east of

and Office Tower East adopt a language of

a variety of experiences.

the Xiang River, provided natural design

tapering corners, establishing a consistent

inspiration. The active interior spaces

architectural vision for the development

elicit a sense of wonder and recall the

while allowing for subtle individual building

historic developments of the river. A glassy,

expressions. Tapered corners also are

serpentine canopy hovers overhead, filtering

evident in the design of the Soho Towers

light while creating an attractive view for the

East and West. Though they differ from

tower occupants looking down from above.

the larger towers in function and size, their shared geometry and facade design enable

While the retail podium embodies the fl uidity

them to comfortably coexist within a larger

of a river, the towers on the perimeter recall

family of forms.

the spectacular sandstone spires of the nearby Wulingyuan National Park. Soaring above the city, the 330-meter-tall Office

◄ southwest aerial view

tall buildings

Overall development:


5

4

1

2

6

3 7


◄ site plan

retail west

3

soho tower west

4

office tower west

5

office tower east

6

soho tower east

7

hotel apartment tower

2

1

10

retail east

2

0

1

25 50 100m

250m floor plan ► 3 1

office tower west

2

office tower east

3

hotel apartment tower

119

3

1

retail level floor plan ► 1 1

rooftop park

2

soho tower west

3

office tower west

4

office tower east

5

soho tower east

6

hotel apartment tower

2

6

5

CHANGSHA FURONG DISTRICT DONGPAILOU COMPLEX

4


â–˛ retail court


121

CHANGSHA FURONG DISTRICT DONGPAILOU COMPLEX

▲ view from southeast corner


▼ view from xiang river

123

CHANGSHA FURONG DISTRICT DONGPAILOU COMPLEX


Crystal Tower 125

Kuwait City, Kuwait

The tower’s overall slenderness ratio of nearly

angular forms of glass and metal, rises from

seven to one posed a structural engineering

Height: 787 feet / 240 meters

the city skyline in the Al Sharq district of

challenge for the design team. A cast-in-place

52 stories

Kuwait City. The design contrasts with the

concrete wall replaces the original steel V

solidity and sweeping contours of the HOK-

brace, absorbing the tower’s twisting motion

designed Intercontinental Mixed-Use Tower

under wind loads. The addition of perimeter

several blocks away.

tension columns in the concrete core

Design completion: 2007

compensates for the unbalanced twisting of Composed of sloped glass and a metal panel

the typical floor plate.

curtain wall, the tower features elegant, slender proportions and a compact floor

After the wind tunnel testing, the team

plate. The building includes 45 stories of

incorporated chamfers along the corners

office space, with a multi-level stone and

of the tower and used the firefighting

glass podium at the ground level housing

water tank at the top as a dampening

a three-story entrance atrium, retail

element. This refinement reduced overall

spaces, building services and two levels of

accelerations for serviceability while

underground parking.

enhancing occupant comfort.

A striking open-air sky atrium at mid-tower height relates to the surrounding context of mid-rise buildings while providing sweeping, panoramic views. A 20-meter-tall steel truss spire atop the tower emphasizes the building’s dynamic asymmetrical composition.

◄ rendering

tall buildings

Crystal Tower, a delicate balance of sharp,

452,000 sq. ft. / 42,000 sq. m.


3

4

3

▲ upper level floor plan

5

▲ sky level floor plan

2

2

3

2

2

2

1

2

2

2

2

2

2

▲ ground level floor plan 1

atrium

2

retail

3

elevator lobby

4

office

5

sky atrium

▲ rendered model


0

1

5

10

20m

127

CRYSTAL TOWER

▲ sectional model


â–ź construction


▼ construction

129

CRYSTAL TOWER


Dubai World Trade Centre 131

Dubai, UAE

HOK won a design competition for the

The tower design creates an icon that serves

expansion of Dubai's World Trade Centre

as a marker for the World Trade Centre.

Height: 1,382 feet / 421 meters

and the development of a new business and

100 stories

cultural district in the heart of Dubai.

Competition: 2006

The new development and expansion of the

spaces and gardens around the tower. A

original facilities presented the opportunity to

structural diagrid gives the building triangular,

expand on the success of the existing World

prism-like shapes, creating a highly efficient

Trade Centre and deliver a new civic and

structure while supporting the tower’s Islamic

business focus for the city. The project would

aesthetic.

The efficient floor plate uses a small portion of the overall site, leaving room for open

anchor one of the main development districts. In addition to structural and aesthetic The design brings together opera, theatre

benefits, the diagrid provides the first level

and museum buildings with new exhibition

of shading from the intense sunlight of Dubai.

facilities in an integrated pedestrian quarter.

The design calls for ceramic frit to be fused

Offices, hotels and residential, retail and

to the glass, controlling the region’s harsh

leisure attractions help create a thriving

sunlight and minimizing heat gain. The frit is

mixed-use environment.

designed in an abstract, Islamic pattern that complements the tower's geometric patterns.

Located next to the Emirates Towers, the existing World Trade Centre facilities and iconic 1983 office tower represent Dubai’s first step in creating the new high-rise district along Sheikh Zayed Road.

◄ view from plaza

tall buildings

12.6 million sq. ft. / 1.17 million sq. m.


▼ street view rendering

▼ rendering

133

DUBAI WORLD TRADE CENTRE


Greenland Center Southern New City High-Rise 135

Changchun, China

As the tallest structure in Jilin Province,

During the summer, the facade cavity is

Lot A4 East: 914,900 sq. ft. / 85,000 sq. m.

this office and residential tower creates an

naturally ventilated. Thermal buoyancy

icon in the new city center of Changchun. It

drives air movement through the cavity and

Height: 1,033 feet / 315 meters

symbolizes a gateway to northeast China, a

promotes heat extraction, reducing envelope

70 stories

region at the heart of the country’s automobile

heat gain.

and high-tech industrial economy. External openings automatically close in

Competition: 2010 Located at the nexus of two prominent

winter. The facade cavity traps solar gains

thoroughfares, the tower shares a highly

and creates a thermal barrier at the envelope,

accessible site with a smaller-scale office

minimizing envelope heat loss.

building, a hotel and two apartment buildings. The site offers breathtaking views of the The overall urban development creates an integrated living and working environment that establishes a new identity for Changchun while reflecting local culture and tradition. A double-skin facade reduces heating and cooling costs by minimizing heat transfer at the building envelope. Automatic external openings regulate facade conditions in response to the outside temperature.

◄ aerial rendering

Yitong River and its adjacent natural wetland.

tall buildings

Lot A4: 2.61 million sq. ft. / 242,400 sq. m.


1

3

1

3 2

â–˛ site plan 1

office tower

2

mixed-use tower

3

serviced apartment tower


137

GREENLAND CENTER SOUTHERN NEW CITY HIGH-RISE

▲ aerial rendering


typical residential floor

6

1540

340

elevation: previous floor +3.20m

2

4

755

1245

565

typical tower panel height

3200

5

typical residential floor elevation: previous floor +3.20m

typical double-wall construction â–ş 1

access walk and brackets

2

operable inner windows

3

concrete cast in place frame

4

inner wall - modified window wall

5

outer wall - single-glazed curtain wall

6

cantilevered concrete slab

340

1 3


139

GREENLAND CENTER SOUTHERN NEW CITY HIGH-RISE

▲ street view rendering


▼ aerial rendering

141

GREENLAND CENTER SOUTHERN NEW CITY HIGH-RISE


Greenland Dalian East Harbor Tower 143

Dalian, China

Each side of the triangular tower provides a

108-story tower reflects the boldness and

separate entrance and elevator bank with

Height: 1,700 feet / 518 meters

symmetry of a lighthouse, creating a beacon

a unique identity that reflects its office,

108 stories

for Dalian to the world.

hotel or residential function. For the hotel

Completion: 2015

Three sheaths of high-performance, blue-

elevators at the base of the building

tinted glass extend the full height of the

transports residents and visitors to sky

mixed-use building. Continuous at the office

lobbies where they can take another set of

levels, the glass separates at the hotel

elevators to their destinations.

and residential components, a bank of

and residential levels to reveal gardens, residences and terraces clad in low-iron clear

Accessed from a lobby on the northeast side

glass with horizontal sunshades. The sheaths

of the tower, the 30 office floors feature

extend to the top of the tower, revealing a

floor-to-ceiling glass and provide an equal

public observation deck above organically

12-meter lease span on all sides. The plan

shaped openings that reduce wind pressure.

accommodates simple subdivision for

The fl uidity of the landscaping informs the

single tenant.

partial-floor tenants or efficient use by a design of the dramatic, amorphous opening at the top of the tower and the curvilinear pattern of the retail podium. The organic form extends to the adjacent convention center, connecting the entire site with the nearby ocean waves.

◄ aerial rendering

tall buildings

The gently curving, triangular form of this

3.2 million sq. ft. / 297,000 sq. m.


1 3

2

site plan â–ş 1

office drop-off

2

residential drop-off

3

hotel drop-off


0 5 10 20m

▲ residential level floor plan

▲ hotel level floor plan

145

GREENLAND DALIAN EAST HARBOR TOWER

▲ ground level floor plan

▲ office level floor plan


▲ north elevation

▲ northwest elevation

▲ west elevation


147

GREENLAND DALIAN EAST HARBOR TOWER

▲ view from north

▲ view from northeast


149

GREENLAND DALIAN EAST HARBOR TOWER

▲ facade detail

◄ facade detail

▲ top of tower


▼ waterfront view

151

GREENLAND DALIAN EAST HARBOR TOWER


Hexi CBD Mixed-Use Development 153

Nanjing, China

efficient elevator service and column-free

business district, this mixed-use development

corner offices, the space was designed to

Height: 820 feet / 250 meters

features a two-tower urban composition that

attract multinational corporations from

60 stories

anchors the corners of an adjacent park.

across Asia.

Design completion: 2008

The 250-meter-tall northern tower houses

The design placed the development within

a 256-key hotel above 43 floors of

an existing master plan that prescribes the

Class A offices.

towers’ locations and programs.

The southern tower has a high-performance

With high-rise developments planned on

glass skin on the west and is anchored in

adjacent lots to the south and east, the site

stone on the east side. The facade moves in

for the service apartment tower maximizes

and out in long stretches along the adjacent

western views toward the river and over the

major road.

low-rise exhibition and convention center.

The office tower design provides an efficient

The core at the southern end of the service

central core and panoramic vistas. With

apartment tower provides an exclusive drop-

flexible 12- to 13-meter lease spans, a

off and address. An underground subway is

minimal super-column structural system,

planned for future phases.

◄ street view rendering

tall buildings

Located in the heart of the Hexi central

2.37 million sq. ft. / 220,000 sq. m.


1

2 6

3

4

5

site plan â–ş 1

office

2

hotel

3

dining

4

residential

5

cinema

6

drop-off

6


0

15

30

60

150m

155

HEXI CBD MIXED-USE DEVELOPMENT

▲ section


â–˛ building details


▲ retail interior

157

HEXI CBD MIXED-USE DEVELOPMENT

▲ plaza


▼ aerial

159

HEXI CBD MIXED-USE DEVELOPMENT


harbor

wall

frame

green

water

▲ parti diagrams

Hotel Competition for Confidential Client 161

Istanbul, Turkey

Culturally relevant materials combine with

towers on the southern coast of Istanbul, the

contemporary shapes to form a modern,

Height: 312 feet / 95 meters

design was for a confidential high-end resort

environmentally sustainable property. A

24 stories

along the Sea of Marmara just east of Ataturk

system of solar shades and a window wall

International Airport. The property forms

create a dynamic, three-dimensional facade

the centerpiece of a 40-building residential

that provides a high level of visibility while

master plan along the Bosphorus.

minimizing solar gain. A double-wall system

Competition: 2011

accommodates balconies between the walls. The two-building program includes a 120-key, five-star hotel with banquet facilities, a

Open-air public spaces and deep-cut

spa / fitness center and 150 extended-stay

balconies with gardens purposefully blur the

hotel rooms.

distinction between indoors and outdoors, allowing guests to fully experience the

Referencing the traditional relationship of the water’s edge in Turkish architecture, the paired towers create a waterfront gateway and destination that welcomes travelers who will visit the resort via boat or car. Together, the buildings express the analogy of two dancers embracing, with the traditional hotel integrating more stone into the facade and the extended-stay hotel featuring more transparency.

◄ view from southwest

magic of Istanbul.

tall buildings

Nestled between two planned condominium

430,000 sq. ft. / 40,000 sq. m.


1 5 4

3

2

7 6

8

â–˛ site plan 1

entrance garden

2

extended-stay hotel entry

3

deluxe hotel visitor / event entry

4

deluxe hotel guest main entry

5

below-grade parking access / egress

6

deluxe hotel terrace / veranda

7

extended-stay hotel terrace

8

marina

N

0

5M 10M

20M


0 5 10 20

4 50m

1

2

3

163

5

▲ south elevation

1

deluxe hotel entrance salon

2

extended-stay hotel lobby

3

extended-stay hotel lounge

4

deluxe hotel lobby

5

pool / spa / outdoor amenities

HOTEL COMPETITION FOR CONFIDENTIAL CLIENT

▲ ground level floor plan


▼ view from southeast

165

HOTEL COMPETITION FOR CONFIDENTIAL CLIENT


IJ-Toren 167

Amsterdam, Netherlands

Height: 262 feet / 80 meters

Simple, bold and expressive, IJ-Toren is the

A tall, glazed corner entrance gives people

tallest building in central Amsterdam and a

views into the building, including its rising

landmark on the city skyline.

escalators and lobby with generous skylights. Each part of the building, including the core

19 stories Completion: 2002

Adjacent to the Old Harbor and the HOK-

and the bay window overlooking the river, is

designed Passenger Terminal Amsterdam,

differentiated, giving the tower an iconic look.

the building is anchored in its surroundings while maintaining the grand scale of the urban

The floor plate allows for traditional cellular

townscape. It symbolizes the regeneration of

offices, as well as open-plan and team

the city’s Eastern Docklands area.

environments. This configuration, combined with the Netherlands' prescribed narrow

The design concept was based on the

core-to-glass dimension, invites daylight into

creation of a timeless form. The rectilinear

all areas and offers spectacular views to the

form provides a counterpoint to Passenger

city center.

Terminal Amsterdam’s curving roof. IJ-Toren is part of an urban regeneration The building scale is enhanced by a bold,

project that focuses on the city’s old docks.

orthogonal grid overlaid on a curtain wall

HOK also developed the master plan for the

featuring four types of glazing: clear, ceramic

larger Eastern Docklands project.

frit, translucent and opaque white glass. Moving around the tower, each orientation combines glass in different ways to respond to the calculated level of solar gain. Subtle variations in light and texture are visible at night and during the day.

◄ street view

tall buildings

354,000 sq. ft. / 32,900 sq. m.


â–˛ west elevation


169 ▲ facade

IJ-TOREN

▲ detail sections


â–ź entrance + tower


▼ facade

171

IJ-TOREN


Intercontinental Mixed-Use Tower 173

Kuwait City, Kuwait

With its elongated floor plan, the tower can

skyline, this 48-story office and hotel tower

appear either tall and slender or massive and

Height: 880 feet / 268 meters

anchors the most prominent corner of the

wide, depending on the angle from which it

48 stories

Al Sharq district. Its refined, yet massive,

is viewed. Orienting the tower's solid core to

vertical proportions display sculptured layers

the south reduces solar gains by acting as a

of glass and stone.

shading element and providing thermal mass.

In the urban scale, the structure marks its

In the four-story podium, the major retail area

immediate surroundings with the "point tower"

and hotel amenities are organized around a

anchored by a four-story podium embellished

luxurious atrium.

Design completion: 2007

with lavish plazas, a unique shaded plaza and a multi-level glass atrium.

The hotel drop-off and plaza feature a cascading water feature, water jets and lush

The tower shape and orientation diffuse northern light and minimize solar gain while taking advantage of the striking Gulf Coast views. The hotel and office components are stacked to create the tallest, most efficient mixed-use configuration.

◄ aerial

palm trees.

tall buildings

As a landmark building in the new Kuwait City

869,700 million sq. ft. / 80,800 sq. m.


▲ typical hotel floor plan

▲ typical office floor plan

3 2 4 4 4 5

4 4 4 1

▲ site plan 1

office lobby

2

hotel lobby

3

retail mall

4

retail

5

restaurant


0

1

5

10

20m

175

INTERCONTINENTAL MIXED-USE TOWER

▲ north elevation ▲ west elevation


▼ model photographs

177

INTERCONTINENTAL MIXED-USE TOWER


Jurong Town Corporation Summit 179

Jurong East, Singapore

The tower facade is clad in a strong-back

transparency and light. Visitors enter the

tech leaders, this landmark civic building – the

curtain wall system incorporating granites,

area through a rich facade of louvered

Height: 361 feet / 110 meters

tallest in the region – was the first phase of

glass and aluminum panels. The double-

screens and landscaped transitional spaces

32 stories

Jurong Town Corporation’s master plan for

glazed curtain wall features low-E coating on

before approaching the core – a terraced

the Jurong East district.

all vision glass areas, and integral sunshade

atrium that reinforces Singapore’s reputation

devices are built into the facade panels. A

as Asia’s "Garden City." The space also

JTC is a local government authority in

top-floor viewing gallery and observation deck

includes a 300-seat theater for public

Singapore dedicated to the development of

offer panoramic views of the surrounding

performances, a health club, staff facilities

technology parks and community-centered

high-tech commercial district.

and an 800-seat dining area.

Completion: 2000

industries. Its headquarters design establishes a "town hall" for the region,

A combination of superformed curved

providing the first interface between the

aluminum fins and hand-set granite panels

community and local government.

at the podium levels complement an entry wall composed of four-meter-wide clear glass

The design features a contemporary

panels. The atrium roof system is built on a

interpretation of traditional Singaporean

series of prismatic steel trusses spanning 30

features such as layered verandas, slatted

meters across the terraced floors below.

screens, courtyards and sunshades. The

◄ facade

open, transparent environment helps break

The podium – a layered, interlocking cylinder

down the government’s traditional civic face.

featuring a four-story skylight – emphasizes

tall buildings

Positioning Singapore as one of Asia’s high-

645,800 sq. ft. / 60,000 sq. m.


4

3

6 1

5

2

â–˛ ground floor plan 1

main atrium

2

public lobby

3

customer service

4

retail

5

office

6

loading dock


0

5

10

40

80ft

▲ facade

181

JURONG TOWN CORPORATION SUMMIT

▲ sun shades ▲ elevation


â–˛ daytime street view


▼ view from street

▼ main entrance

183

JURONG TOWN CORPORATION SUMMIT


Keangnam Hanoi Landmark Tower 185

Hanoi, Vietnam

The upper section of the tower facade

structure in Vietnam, is located within the

features a gradient frit pattern on the glass,

Height: 1,150 feet / 350 meters

burgeoning Cau Giay district west of Hanoi.

providing a dramatic lantern effect at night. A

72 stories

The building houses offices, a five-star

top-floor observatory offers panoramic views

InterContinental Hotel, Calidas Hotel, retail

of Hanoi and features an art gallery, cinema

and entertainment attractions, clinics and a

and other unique spaces.

Completion: 2011

convention center. The tower’s simple curvilinear floor plate The tower anchors a vibrant development that

provides flexibility to support diverse office

includes two 50-story residential buildings

and hotel functions.

with a total of 922 upscale apartments. A podium connecting the buildings Inspired by the region’s geological formations

features signature retail and entertainment

and rich shipbuilding history, the buildings

attractions, including a Parkson Department

integrate glass, stone and screens to form

Store and the Lotte Cinema.

contextual textures and patterns. Extensive use of dark, reflective glass maximizes views while controlling significant heat gain from the subtropical climate.

◄ street view rendering

tall buildings

This 72-story mixed-use tower, the tallest

6.56 million sq. ft. / 609,673 sq. m.


2

3

2

â–˛ site plan 1

office tower

2

residential tower

3

plaza

1


2

3

187

2

â–˛ level 6 floor plan 1

office tower

2

residential tower

3

green roof

KEANGNAM HANOI LANDMARK TOWER

1


â–˛ elevation


189

KEANGNAM HANOI LANDMARK TOWER

▲ model


▼ model

▼ aerial

191

KEANGNAM HANOI LANDMARK TOWER


Lotte Mooselon Tower 193

Seoul, South Korea

The tower rises above a podium that houses

the riverfront Lotte World amusement and

a casino, banquet rooms, meeting rooms and

Height: 1,919 feet / 585 meters

retail center, this super-tall mixed-use project

a fitness center. Below-grade parking and

130 stories

includes office, hotel and residential suites, an

various retail shops and concession facilities

observation deck and restaurants.

also are planned.

The design reinterprets the traditions of

The integrated structural design includes a

Seoul's lower-scale historic buildings into

perimeter diagonal-braced frame, tapered

a vertical expression that fits its context.

shaft with large central openings and

The idea of folded paper or skin wrapping

minimized upper tower movement, yielding

a structural form — a metaphor for the

a lighter-weight tonnage cost. Primary

intricate ceremonial wrapping of a Korean gift

mechanical systems are vertically organized

— guides the exterior envelope design and

throughout the tower.

Competition: 2005

suggests the gesture of presenting this tower as a gift to the city.

The east-west orientation of the tower’s long elevations maximizes opportunities for

Lotte Group offices occupy the bottom half of

daylight and wind harvesting. The intelligent

the tapered tower, with hotel rooms filling the

skin integrates photovoltaic panels.

center floors and residential and observation space completing the upper floors.

◄ aerial rendering

tall buildings

As part of a master planned site adjacent to

2.5 million sq. ft. / 232,300 sq. m.


â–˛ site plan


typical hotel plan ►

hotel sky lobby plan ►

0 5 10 20 40m

high-rise office plan ►

195 mid-rise office plan ► LOTTE MOOSELON TOWER

low-rise office plan ►

fitness center plan ►

main lobby plan ►

▲ model


â–ź perspective


▼ aerial

197

LOTTE MOOSELON TOWER


535 Mission Street 199

San Francisco, California, USA

Height: 378 feet / 115 meters

The slender urban form of this Class A office

The project will provide 3,700 square feet

tower will transform the South of Market

of ground-floor retail space to serve building

(SoMa) district of San Francisco.

occupants, visitors and city residents. The building lobby includes publicly accessible

27 stories Completion: 2014

Tapered facade corners and a sculptural

open space that flows into the covered

cornice line define the building’s silhouette. A

outdoor plaza, featuring flexible seating,

double-height ground floor lobby, pedestrian

generous landscaping and an espresso bar.

plazas and improvements along Shaw Alley shape the street-level experience.

The addition of new trees and a continuous band of planting along Shaw Alley softens

Expected to be one of the first LEED Core and

the streetscape and enhances the pedestrian

Shell Gold pre-certified office towers in

environment linking the building to the

San Francisco, the building’s advanced

adjacent Transbay Terminal.

mechanical systems, high-performance

◄ street view rendering

skin and water use efficiencies will promote

To expand the public open space, the project

sustainability, occupant comfort and

proposes to close Shaw Alley to vehicular

productivity. The facade will feature high-

traffic during the lunch hour on weekdays.

performance glass that integrates with indoor

New concrete paving in the alley will add

controls to enhance its energy and light

pedestrian scale and texture, establishing

transmission performance.

visual continuity.

tall buildings

354,000 sq. ft. / 32,900 sq. m.


2

1

4

3

site plan â–ş 1

lobby

2

restaurant

3

parking entry

4

loading area


▼ aerial

0

5

10

20

40ft

201

535 MISSION STREET


Mongolia Democracy Tower 203

Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

Height: 656 feet / 200 meters

The design of this office tower creates an

sound solution. The building’s triangular

iconic new landmark for the capital

planes are geometrically configured to

of Mongolia.

withstand seismic conditions and strong winds. The twisting, rectangular floor plates

42 stories The site was once home to Mongolian Design completion: 2009

provide a column-free interior environment.

democracy leader Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj. Located at a major intersection near

Details such as copper sunshades allude

Sükhbaatar Square, the site’s history and

to Mongolia’s strong mining industry. The

proximity to Ulaanbaatar’s government center

copper- and aluminium-clad facade will

demonstrate the tower’s relationship to the

be enhanced as it is exposed to normal

history of democracy in Mongolia.

weathering.

This democratic heritage inspired three

With the exoskeleton supporting the

elements of the design concept: "of the

building’s weight, interior spaces are carved

people," "by the people" and "for the people."

out to provide green space on upper levels.

The triangles featured in the design

Combined with a public podium and a sunken

reference this concept and the nearby

plaza, these two sky gardens help create a

mountains. They also reflect the use of

dynamic destination for commerce.

triangular forms in Mongolian culture. At the plaza level, a statue and the facade of a Twisting as it rises into the air, the tower’s

one-story building pay homage to the home of

form is based on symmetry and basic

Mongolia’s “father of democracy.”

geometry, ensuring a unique yet structurally

◄ street view rendering

tall buildings

721,000 sq. ft. / 67,000 sq. m.


3

5

0

5

10

▲ level 5 floor plan

1

drop-off

2

sunken plaza

3

lobby

4

café

5

office

2

3

4

1

0

▲ level 1 floor plan

5

▲ elevation


0 5 10 20 40m

▲ interior rendering

▲ lobby rendering

205

MONGOLIA DEMOCRACY TOWER

▲ plaza rendering


public overlook

concrete core

secondary steel structural members

sky garden

primary steel structural members

concrete slabs

sky garden

public atrium

â–˛ section

â–˛ steel structural skin


▲ structural diagram

207

MONGOLIA DEMOCRACY TOWER

▲ concrete core

▲ concrete slabs

▲ secondary steel structural members

▲ primary steel structural members


▼ view from public square

209

MONGOLIA DEMOCRACY TOWER


Moscow City Plots 17 + 18 211

Moscow, Russia

Height: 919 feet / 280 meters

This pair of 75-story mixed-use buildings will

the traditional gardens of the old city to

enliven the dense Moscow City section of

enhance the connection to nature for ofďŹ ce

downtown Moscow.

workers, residents and visitors.

Light stone and glass cladding distinguish

Capped by a roof garden, the podium includes

these ofďŹ ce and residential towers from the

a retail mall with an expansive atrium that

nearby extruded glass towers.

brings light to the center of the space and

75 stories Completion: 2017

converts into an exterior space during warmCareful consideration of the climate, window-

weather months.

to-wall ratio and optimized daylight harvesting is embedded in the exterior wall envelope

A large, south-facing entrance plaza forms

design and vertical stone-to-glass expression

the primary visitor and pedestrian arrival

of this intelligent building. Parametric

address. A series of glass and stone two-

modeling guided the development and unique

story retail shops anchors this space.

tuning of each facade to maximize natural light while maintaining thermal comfort and views.

HOK was awarded the project after winning an international design competition.

The towers establish a new garden destination within the dense urban context, reinterpreting

â—„ aerial rendering

tall buildings

3.76 million sq. ft. / 350,000 sq. m.


▲ elevations

▲ ground level plan

▲ podium terrace level plan

▲ tower level plans


office retail tower atrium mechanical theater retail parking office parking

10

elevator lobby

0

elevator stop

20 40 80m

213

MOSCOW CITY PLOTS 17 + 18

▲ sections


▼ view of podium

215

MOSCOW CITY PLOTS 17 + 18


景 w 河 Vie er Riv

市 京 南 ter 及 区 Cen 务 ity 商 C 央 & 中 CBD

基地 SITE

t

al

宅 nti 住 de 层 esi 低 R se wri Lo

延 en 伸 m 区 op 务 el 商 Dev re tu

Fu

Nanjing Financial Center 217

Nanjing, China

Height: 1,634 feet / 498 meters

This premier mixed-use development creates

The structure integrates commercial offices,

a vibrant destination and landmark within

retail exhibition and trading space, and a

Nanjing’s Hexi New Town area district.

five-star hotel.

Office, hospitality and retail functions

The central plaza is framed by a bold

converge in this world-class addition to

second-level financial concourse that

the city’s emerging skyline. The structure

provides pedestrian connectivity in a dynamic

advances modern, timeless and sustainable

public environment of restaurants, galleries

solutions, forming an easily accessible hub for

and cafés.

103 stories Completion: 2018

international business. As the tower meets the sky, an observation Focused on the financial services sector,

deck becomes a public living room for the city

the building is a vital component of an

of Nanjing. A dramatic, sloped skylight, glass

ambitious master plan for Nanjing’s ongoing

walls and viewing bridges create transparent

urbanization and growth as it expands south

space that celebrates the city’s grandeur.

and west of the historic center along the banks of the Yangtze River. The development is adjacent to the central business district and a greenbelt to the north, Jiangshan Road to the south, Nanjing Exhibition Center to the west and a high-end residential development to the east.

◄ aerial

tall buildings

6.46 million sq. ft. / 650,000 sq. m.


zone 8 observation deck

zone 7 hotel

▲ zone 7 floor plan zone 6 office

zone 5 office

zone 4 office

▲ zone 5 floor plan zone 3 office

zone 2 office Reception

zone 1 office

▲ sectional perspective

▲ zone 1 floor plan


0

2

5

15

30m

219

NANJING FINANCIAL CENTER

▲ aerial


▼ street view rendering

▼ aerial rendering

221

NANJING FINANCIAL CENTER


New Songdo City Mixed-Use Block D23 223

Incheon, South Korea

Housed within a three-story base, the

use towers challenges the Korean model of

commercial areas include a narrow retail

Tower 1:

purely extruded, uniformly treated buildings.

street that frames internal courts that act as

Height: 570 feet / 174 meters

Variations differentiate the spaces within

residential access points. A secondary “big

50 stories

the overall site design and allow sustainable

box” retail area is sequestered to one side

concepts to be expressed in the design.

of the site.

Height: 534 feet / 163 meters

The site’s residential and commercial

A canal walk bisects the internal court,

45 stories

elements function largely independent of each

extending the urban axis and providing access

other. Their occasional connections enhance

to the space. Outside the retail area, the

the site’s relationship with the city.

site’s corners provide public space for art

Tower 2:

Tower 3:

and community gathering. The park’s border

Height: 534 feet / 163 meters 45 stories Completion: 2011

Sited to maximize available building area, the

creates a deeper street edge and retail walk

buildings’ south-facing glazed areas minimize

that accommodates seating, restaurant

the length of the east- and west-facing

overflow and other outdoor retail functions.

elevations to avoid heavy solar gains.

◄ view from central park

tall buildings

The non-uniform design of these three mixed-

1.9 million sq. ft. / 184,400 sq. m.


2

2

4 2

1 3 3 1 1

2

2

â–˛ site plan 1

residential tower

2

commercial buildings

3

central landscape court

4

canal walk

42

â–˛ section


1

1

1 0 50 100

1

200

1 2

500ft

225 ▲ level 2 floor plan retail

2

tower lobby

typical residential floor plan ►

NEW SONGDO CITY MIXED-USE BLOCK D23

1


▼ parkside retail elevation ▲ view from park

▲ unit mix concept diagram

▲ view of towers

227

NEW SONGDO CITY MIXED-USE BLOCK D23

▲ residential green roof


▼ waterfront view

229

NEW SONGDO CITY MIXED-USE BLOCK D23


New Songdo City Mixed-Use Residential Block D22 231

Incheon, South Korea

Height: 574 feet / 175 meters

Located on the northern edge of New Songdo

Landscaped courts along the block minimize

City’s Central Park, Block D22 forms a gateway

retail and tower footprints. Roof gardens on

to neighborhoods in the city’s northern district.

each of the low-rise buildings are accessible from the residential towers. Irrigated through

50 stories Completion: 2010

The complex features three 50-story residential

graywater harvesting, these roof gardens

towers rising above an urban street edge of

reduce the heat island effect.

three-story commercial and retail space. Within the three towers are 729 residential units.

Designed as three sculptural forms, the towers’ distinctive basket-weave facade relates to the

The residential towers take advantage of

community’s art district located at Central

southern exposure, with the woven, lattice-like

Park South.

facades of glass and aluminum providing distinct interior spaces and views for each unit. The high-performance facade enables the building to exceed ASHRAE 90.1 standards and delivers natural light to 95 percent of indoor spaces.

◄ tower facade

tall buildings

2.2 million sq. ft. / 204,900 sq. m.


2

1

5

2

3

5

2

1 2

4


▲ rendering 1 233

▲ study model

◄ site plan 1

residential tower

2

retail

3

canal / boardwalk

4

public open space

5

private auto court

NEW SONGDO CITY MIXED-USE RESIDENTIAL BLOCK D22

2


◄ typical floor plan a

5

1

1

unit 1 (2,562 sq.ft.)

2

unit 2 (1,388 sq.ft.)

3

unit 3 (1,530 sq.ft.)

4

unit 4 (1,637 sq.ft.)

5

unit 5 (2,455 sq.ft.)

2

4

3

◄ typical floor plan b 5

1

2

4

3

1

unit 1 (2,562 sq.ft.)

2

unit 2 (1,388 sq.ft.)

3

unit 3 (1,530 sq.ft.)

4

unit 4 (1,637 sq.ft.)

5

unit 5 (2,455 sq.ft.)


0

5

10

20m

235

NEW SONGDO CITY MIXED-USE RESIDENTIAL BLOCK D22

▲ curtain wall study ▲ section ▲ west elevation


237

NEW SONGDO CITY MIXED-USE RESIDENTIAL BLOCK D22

▲ view from road

◄ view from tower base


Riyadh Mixed-Use Development 239

Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

As a transparent, accessible and highly

double-skin system that reduces solar gain

for the first Riyadh Financial District. This

energy-efficient structure in the desert,

and creates terrace and facade service space

Height: 575 feet / 175 meters

plan defines the city's first concept for a new

the tower is designed to serve as an

within. This internal space also functions as a

40 stories

financial center focused at Riyadh’s future as

iconic representation of Saudi Arabia's

chimney, cooling the enclosure, drawing in air

a new center for finance in the Middle East.

promising future.

through its terrace gardens and washing the

Design completion: 2005

The plan is conceived as a dense, new urban

skin with convective cooling.

environment and as a vibrant, mixed-use

The team designed two tower schemes.

extension of Riyadh's business and cultural life.

Each is based on principles of openness

The second tower design, the Hypershape

and accessibility and intended to portray

Tower, develops an external structure as a

Office, retail, leisure and mixed-market

fundamental changes in the economy of

set of hyperbolic surfaces formed to realize

housing components are arranged around

Saudi Arabia. The circle shape – a principle of

significant reductions in overall structural

a "grand boulevard" that stretches between

Islamic architecture and craft – inspires both

weight. A long span from the core to the

King Fahd Road and Olaya Street. The district

concepts. The geometry and form of each

external skeleton offers open, flexible space

is anchored by a destination shopping center

scheme responds to the region's hot sun and

for occupants. Once again drawing upon the

to the south and the landmark Arraji Tower to

prevailing winds.

circle, which is resolved as a faceted plan and

the north. Two other street scales complete

◄ digital model

three-dimensional form, the strong, efficient

the new urban grid. Primary crossing streets

The design for the slender Elliptical Tower

and economical surfaces define an iconic

and secondary pedestrian streets join with

creates a double-skinned building with a

landmark at the terminus of the urban plan.

the grand boulevard. This approach creates

diagrid exoskeleton and a unique lightweight

a naturally shaded and cooled pedestrian

structure. This tower is a derivation of the

environment enhanced by terraced gardens

traditional Islamic circle geometry and

and parks to create a rich, green city center.

organization. Its character is defined by a

tall buildings

The Arraji Tower punctuates this master plan

13.45 million sq. ft. / 1.25 million sq. m.


â–˛ view from tower


▲ street view to hypershape tower

▲ elliptical tower rendering

▲ hypershape tower rendering

241

RIYADH MIXED-USE DEVELOPMENT

▲ street view to elliptical tower


â–˛ daytime street view


▼ rendering

243

RIYADH MIXED-USE DEVELOPMENT


Samba Bank 245

Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

In addition to providing access to nature, the

Samba Bank headquarters creates a gently

large vertical garden ventilates the tower by

Height: 540 feet / 165 meters

rotating, crystalline mass rising from the

acting as a thermal fl ue that draws the cool

37 stories

financial plaza in Riyadh's new King Abdullah

desert air through the structure during non-

Financial District.

summer nights.

Samba Tower’s form is shaped for

The tower plan organizes each individual

accessibility and transparency, recalling

building orientation to support the urban

the symbolic form of Saudi desert crystals.

setting, including the tower's position on

The generally square plan is made up of two

the plaza, relationship to adjacent streets

individual triangular masses rotating gently

and views to the city center. This responds

around a central garden atrium.

to each unique solar orientation, defining

Competition: 2009

the core strategy for load reduction and The tower’s garden atrium, or "vertical

energy efficiency.

wadi," is an extension of the wadi concept expressed in the financial plaza. Hanging

The energy-efficient design includes

gardens within the atrium flow between

monumental screens protecting the tower’s

floors, creating vertical connections while

east and west facades. These screens

inviting the landscape into the heart of

filter intense sunlight like a traditional

the building. The atrium and core create a

mashrabiya while preserving views to the

social center for floors connecting people,

financial district and urban landscape. The

floors and departments. Lounges, stairs and

tower form and finely tuned shade cladding

elevator lobbies encourage interaction.

respond to Riyadh’s hot, arid climate and define a culturally relevant icon representing a powerful new presence for Samba Bank.

◄ street view rendering

tall buildings

The design for the proposed 37-story

1 million sq. ft. / 98,300 sq. m.


â–˛ site plan


0 6

6

12 24

2 3 48m

3 2 4

6 1 1

247

4

4

2 3

▲ level 2 floor plan

▲ level 11 floor plan

1

atrium

1

atrium

2

branch bank offices

2

open office

3

café seating

3

enclosed office

4

conference

4

conference

5

prefunction

6

sky bridge

SAMBA BANK

4 5


▲ south elevation

▲ atrium

▲ model photograph


▼ aerial

249

SAMBA BANK


▼ sectional rendering

251

SAMBA BANK

▲ section


Samsung Research and Development Facility 4 253

Suwon, South Korea

Glass curtain walls provide controlled natural

Development campus, this facility responds to

light to specific areas of the podium, while

Height: 450 feet / 137 meters

the technology company’s business strategy

modular metal panels cover other areas.

40 stories

and vision for the evolution of its products.

The adjacent sunken courtyard and special

Completion: 2005

To accommodate Samsung's program and

space for people visiting the lower-level dining

space requirements, the building is 40 stories

hall. The special labs wing features a sloping

tall, with one semi-below-grade level featuring

glass facade to soften the podium building

a sunken courtyard.

mass and bring sunlight into the sunken court.

Above the below-grade levels, a six-level

Four below-grade parking levels

podium houses special labs, a multi-purpose

accommodate 948 vehicles.

labs wing provide a secure, pleasant outdoor

auditorium, special function spaces, and employee welfare and support functions. A 32-story office tower – plus mechanical penthouse levels – rises above the podium. The office tower floors are designed with floor plates sized to accommodate a variety of office and lab layouts.

◄ street view

tall buildings

Located on the Samsung Research and

2.3 million sq. ft. / 216,300 sq. m.


▲ lobby

▲ ground level plan


0

9

18

36

72m

255

SAMSUNG RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT FACILITY 4

▲ elevation


â–ź exterior plaza


▼ street view

257

SAMSUNG RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT FACILITY 4


Sheraton Incheon Hotel in New Songdo City 259

Incheon, South Korea

The design of the guestroom tower facades

heart of the New Songdo City business node.

is divided into four-story-tall, two-room-wide

Height: 333 feet / 101 meters

As the first LEED-certified hotel in South Korea,

modules that are angled away from direct solar

25 stories

it plays an important role in characterizing the

exposure. Each module is shaded by two four-

urban landscape of this growing city.

story-tall perforated aluminum sunshades. The lower amenity wing is wrapped in a reflective

Completion: 2009 Located in Block B36 on the south side of

metal roof that shades portions of the glazed

the city's Central Park, the 25-story hotel

facades below.

includes 23 occupied floors with 319 premium

◄ view from road

guest rooms. Hotel amenities, including two

The property is part of a group of buildings

ballrooms, a spa, gym facilities, a covered

that includes the Sheraton Incheon Hotel, the

swimming pool, two restaurants and a lounge

Songdo Convention Center, the Northeast Asia

bar, are on the lower levels.

Trade Tower and a retail mall.

tall buildings

The five-star Sheraton Incheon Hotel is in the

500,000 sq. ft. / 46,450 sq. m.


9 2 8

7

2 4 4 1

3 5 6

â–˛ site plan 1

main lobby

2

front office

3

bar / lounge

4

retail

5

dining

6

kitchen

7

lounge

8

business center

9

accounting + executive offices

â–˛ context plan


3 3 2

1

0 5

4

10

2

1 20

5

1

prefunction

2

ballroom

3

banquet kitchen

4

bridal shop

5

meeting room

50m

▲ level 13-16 floor plan

▲ level 3 floor plan

1

lift lobby

2

staff support

3

guest rooms

261

3

4 2 1

3

1

2

▲ level 2 floor plan

▲ level 8 floor plan

1

foyer

1

lift lobby

2

restaurant

2

staff support

3

room service and bakery

3

guest rooms

4

executive offices

5

food and beverage support

SHERATON INCHEON HOTEL IN NEW SONGDO CITY

5


▲ north elevation

▲ section

▲ south elevation

▲ section


▲ east elevation

▲ west elevation 263

lobby

2

foyer

3

ballroom

4

pool

5

terrace

SHERATON INCHEON HOTEL IN NEW SONGDO CITY

1

4

5

3 2 1

▲ enlarged section

▲ study model


â–ź main entry


265

SHERATON INCHEON HOTEL IN NEW SONGDO CITY

▲ view from road


Suzhou SIP Tower 267

Located in the emerging Suzhou Industrial

tall buildings

2.3 million sq. ft. / 214,000 sq. m.

Suzhou, China

Park central business district, the team Height: 1,076 feet / 328 meters

designed this mixed-use complex to house

78 stories

retail space, offices and serviced apartments.

Design completion: 2008

As the new center's hub, a podium links the subway, terraced green space and retail spaces into a carefully integrated whole. The contemporary glass tower that rises out of the terraced landscape is designed as a finely detailed structure that blends sustainability with natural and cultural references. Composed of a series of folded glass planes, the curtain wall offers the perimeter offices and residences maximum daylight while reflecting unwanted direct sunlight.

◄ street view rendering


â–˛ plaza aerial

2

3

1

3

4

3 podium site plan â–ş 1

office lobby

2

apartment lobby

3

retail

4

atrium

5

sunken plaza

5


0 2 4 10 20m

▲ plaza rendering

269

SUZHOU SIP TOWER

▲ office floor plan

▲ apartment floor plan


â–˛ facade module diagram


271

SUZHOU SIP TOWER

▲ facade rendering


â–ź street view rendering


â–ź street view rendering

273

SUZHOU SIP TOWER


US Bank Tower at 621 Capitol Mall 275

Sacramento, California, USA

destinations define scale, sustain pedestrian

Sacramento’s skyline with grace, dignity and

activity and establish a sense of community

Height: 404 feet / 123 meters

simplicity. The clear, distinctive architectural

through the coffee shop, restaurant, cafés

25 stories

vision creates a tower that integrates energy

and banking facilities.

efficiency and sustainability. The expansive, seven-story lobby establishes

Completion: 2008 Unlike many of the older buildings on Capitol

a unique visual relationship with the State

Mall, the US Bank Tower’s exterior is light

Capitol and houses several site-specific

and open, allowing a glimpse of the activities

sculptural installations. The easy-to-

taking place within.

navigate lobby also includes art created in collaboration with the Sacramento

The soaring south facade is illuminated at

Metropolitan Arts Commission’s "Art in

night, while double-pane windows welcome

Public Places" program.

natural light into the building. Rooftop photovoltaic panels generate electricity. At street level, a linear park connects the Capitol Mall with L Street. Pedestrians walking along the park can see the mall’s entire length and enjoy striking views of the California State Capitol. The park’s landscaping and retail

◄ view from southeast

tall buildings

The region’s tallest tower celebrates

680,000 sq. ft. / 63,200 sq. m.


2

4

5

3

1

site plan â–ş 1

lobby

2

retail

3

loading dock

4

parking access

5

public parking

2


0 10 20 40 80ft

▲ typical office floor plan

▲ section

277

US BANK TOWER AT 621 CAPITOL MALL

▲ model photographs


â–ź view from southeast


▼ main entrance

279

US BANK TOWER AT 621 CAPITOL MALL


West India Quay Tower 281

London, UK

With its complex, yet efficient, floor plans and

The tower borders the dockland light rail,

district, this glass- and aluminum-clad tower

generous amenities, One West India Quay

giving visitors and residents convenient

Height: 364 feet / 111 meters

provides a striking example of the possibilities

resembles a "vertical city." The first 12 floors

access to public transportation. The east

32 stories

of high-rise living in London.

of the tower house a 300-key Marriott hotel

side of the building is designed to prevent

with 154 apartments and six penthouses.

railway noise from disturbing One West

One West India Quay is the first UK building

The hotel’s restaurants, bars, banquet and

India Quay’s occupants.

to combine high-rise luxury apartments

public space are in a lower podium block.

with a major hotel and serviced apartments.

The residential tower accommodates more

The project completes the regeneration

than 20 types of units, including duplex

and redevelopment of West India Quay as a

penthouses with exterior gardens, and

residential and leisure complex.

double-height living areas with balconies in

Completion: 2004

the building "prow." This building contrasts with the postmodern blocks constructed in the early days of Canary

Employing a system widely used in the United

Wharf. The tower complements its Canary

States and Far East, One West India Quay

Wharf neighbors, while the red terra-cotta

is one of the first post-tensioned, concrete-

podium respects the nearby listed Victorian

framed towers in London. This method

warehouse buildings converted for residential

reduced construction time by approximately

use. The glass tower's long, sweeping curve

30 percent. Thin concrete floor slabs provide

recalls its waterfront location.

generous internal floor-to-ceiling heights while reducing the tower's overall height.

◄ harbor view

tall buildings

Rising above the vibrant Canary Wharf

1 million sq. ft. / 93,000 sq. m.


4

4

4

3

4

2

5 4 4 4

4

▲ typical residential plan 1

west india dock north

2

residents' lift + stair

3

service core

4

typical apartment

5

feature duplex

▲ elevation

1

▲ section

4


0 1 5 10 20m

▲ penthouse view

▲ lobby

283

WEST INDIA QUAY TOWER

▲ facade


▼ facade

▼ facade

285

WEST INDIA QUAY TOWER


Wuchang Riverside Business District Master Plan + Super High-Rise 287

Wuhan, China

The emphasis on responsible development

striking, 119-story tower is envisioned as an

included a careful study of how to minimize

Height: 1,982 feet / 604 meters

icon for sustainable business and a benchmark

the project's environmental impact. A

119 stories

for healthy, productive work environments.

thoughtful integration of technology

Competition: 2009

Reflecting the complexity of contemporary

nature. From the optimization of energy use

Chinese culture, the design balances

to the reuse of resources, the building was

traditional and modern elements to embody

designed to minimize consumption and reduce

elegance, efficiency and innovation.

operating costs.

In its simplest expression, the building is a

The site emphasizes views of the Yangtze

solid geometric structure with square corners

River and provides pedestrian access to the

and vertical faces. The tower form is shaped

nearby retail district.

reinforces this efficiency and connection to

to optimize wind performance and provide multiple opportunities to create corner offices, apartments and hotel suites. Behind the building’s main curtain wall, a vertical series of structural glass fins supports the facade system while adding a colorful pattern element as it ascends the building.

◄ aerial

tall buildings

As a centerpiece for the city of Wuhan, this

5.4 million sq. ft. / 500,000 sq. m.


5

1

6

▲ amenity levels 110-114 floor plan

4

▲ hotel levels 59-74 floor plan

2

4 ◄ site plan

3

1

600m mixed-use tower

2

low office tower

3

low apartment tower

4

outdoor terrace

5

conference center

6

ground level plaza

▲ office levels 32-44 floor plan 6


0

5

10

20

40m

289

WUCHANG RIVERSIDE BUSINESS DISTRICT MASTER PLAN + SUPER HIGH-RISE

▲ plaza aerial


â–˛ energy diagram

â–˛ water diagram


291

WUCHANG RIVERSIDE BUSINESS DISTRICT MASTER PLAN + SUPER HIGH-RISE

▲ ieq diagram


▼ rendering

293

WUCHANG RIVERSIDE BUSINESS DISTRICT MASTER PLAN + SUPER HIGH-RISE

▲ interior rendering


Xiamen International Centre 295

Xiamen, China

Composed of two dynamic towers and

Located on the eastern coast of Xiamen, the

Centre transforms a prominent site in the

a commercial podium, the program is

tower looks across the sea toward Taiwan

Tower 1:

island’s historic and cultural district into a

organized to promote activity and dynamic

and a small neighboring island. The tower

Height: 1,100 feet / 330 meters

showcase for Xiamen’s unique character.

user experiences within its high-density

form gently lifts the shape of a fl oating

urban area. The design transforms a former

lantern set high above the city, providing an

As a landmark at the heart of the city’s

post offi ce on the site into retail space that

iconic focal point for Xiamen.

Tower 2:

emerging fi nancial district, the building

blends into the development.

Height: 656 feet / 200 meters

symbolizes a new gateway to Xiamen that

48 stories

demonstrates the region's economic vitality

The towers are positioned above the retail

and strong destination appeal.

and entertainment podium, commanding a

72 stories

place at the center of Xiamen’s emerging

Competition: 2011 Through innovative site planning,

skyline. As the taller, predominantly

sustainability strategies and elegant 21st-

rectilinear tower tapers inward, a dramatic

century architectural expression, the design

and highly transparent experience of the city

defi nes a new experience of Xiamen that is

unfolds at the observation deck level.

vibrant at street level and far-reaching as a beacon within its urban and natural settings.

◄ aerial rendering

tall buildings

The design for the Xiamen International

3.45 million sq. ft. / 320,900 sq. m.


level 3 floor plan â–ş

1

imax theater

2

theater

3

retail

4

service utility

4

3 3 4

3

2 3 1

2

3

ground level floor plan â–ş

1

hotel lobby

2

ballroom entrance

3

hotel retail

4

office lobby

5

soho lobby

6

retail

7

service / utility

7 1

4 3 2

6 7

7

6 6 6 6 5

6


0 10 25 50 100m

▲ retail podium

297

XIAMEN INTERNATIONAL CENTRE

▲ observation deck

▲ 330-meter-tall tower


▼ view of the financial district

299

XIAMEN INTERNATIONAL CENTRE


STUDIES OF FUNCTION + FORM


Tall buildings of the future need to be highly efficient in how they use materials and energy. With every project, we work to optimize building facades, systems and performance to create greener, smarter, more economical high-rises. These tall buildings can shrink a city's environmental footprint while still helping to define its identity and promoting economic growth. The following projects demonstrate HOK’s commitment to exploring the limits and possibilities of tall building design.


▼ zhengzhou technology development

303

STUDIES OF FUNCTION + FORM

▲ zhengzhou technology development


▼ topwin beijing

▼ china construction bank

305

STUDIES OF FUNCTION + FORM


â–ź yusha square


▼ zhangzhou hotel

307

STUDIES OF FUNCTION + FORM


â–ź baccarat hotel


▼ silverstein 11th avenue

309

STUDIES OF FUNCTION + FORM


â–ź dubai towers


▼ dubai towers

311

STUDIES OF FUNCTION + FORM


â–ź new songdo city block d24 option 1


▼ new songdo city block d24 option 2

▼ new songdo city block d24 option 2

313

STUDIES OF FUNCTION + FORM


▼ turkey mixed-use tower

▼ turkey mixed-use tower

315

STUDIES OF FUNCTION + FORM


▼ turkey mixed-use tower

317

STUDIES OF FUNCTION + FORM


Image Credits

Abaad Tower...............................................................................................HOK Abu Dhabi National Oil Company Headquarters.......................................HOK, Hypertecture, Werner Sobek, PHA Ad Dahna Towers........................................................................................Encore 20 Anson Road ......................................................................................... A. Chester Ong Bakrie Tower ............................................................................................. Dicky Andryanto Baku Flame Towers ................................................................................... HOK, Farid Khayrulin Bank Headquarters for Confidential Client.............................................. HOK, H2 Studios Barclays World Headquarters................................................................... Peter Cook Beijing Central Business District Block Z8.............................................. Crystal CG Beijing Central Business District Block Z15............................................ Crystal CG California State Teachers' Retirement System Headquarters ................Scott McDonald Capital Market Authority Tower................................................................ Bezier, Crystal CG, Encore Century Square..........................................................................................HOK, Atchain Changsha Furong District Dongpailou Complex.......................................LiFang CG Crystal Tower.............................................................................................HOK, Hamad Al-Failakawi Dubai World Trade Centre..........................................................................HOK

tall buildings

Greenland Center Southern New City High-Rise......................................LiFang CG Greenland Dalian East Harbor Tower........................................................HOK Hexi CBD Mixed-Use Development...........................................................HOK Hotel Competition for Confidential Client.................................................HOK, H2 Studios IJ-Toren.......................................................................................................Christian Richters Intercontinental Mixed-Use Tower............................................................HOK, Steve Parker@Parker Studios, Inc. Jurong Town Corporation Summit.............................................................Kerun Ip Keangnam Hanoi Landmark Tower............................................................ HOK Lotte Mooselon Tower................................................................................HOK, Image Fiction 535 Mission Street....................................................................................Boston Properties, SteelBlue Mongolia Democracy Tower.......................................................................HOK Moscow City Plots 17 + 18.......................................................................HOK, H2 Studios Nanjing Financial Center............................................................................HOK New Songdo City Mixed-Use Block D23.................................................. HOK, Joonhawan Yoon New Songdo City Mixed-Use Residential Block D22............................... 3dwin, Joonhwan Yoon Riyadh Mixed-Use Development............................................................... HOK Samba Bank............................................................................................... Crystal CG Samsung Research and Development Facility 4...................................... Tae Ho Chung Sheraton Incheon Hotel in New Songdo City............................................ Joonhwan Yoon


Suzhou SIP Tower.......................................................................................HOK US Bank Tower at 621 Capitol Mall.......................................................... John Swain Photography West India Quay Tower...............................................................................Nicholas Kane Wuchang Riverside Business District Master Plan + Super High-Rise... LiFang CG Xiamen International Centre......................................................................HOK, Crystal Digital Technology

Studies of Function + Form

Baccarat Hotel .......................................................................................... HOK China Construction Bank.......................................................................... OPARTCD Dubai Towers..............................................................................................Accusourcing New Songdo City Block D24..................................................................... HOK, Prism 7 Silverstein 11th Avenue ........................................................................... Visualhouse Topwin Beijing............................................................................................HOK Turkey Mixed-Use Tower............................................................................HOK Yusha Square.............................................................................................HOK Zhengzhou Hotel........................................................................................LiFang CG Zhengzhou Technology Development.......................................................HOK


tall buildings


HOK Tall Buildings