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APRIL 18-19, 2018 THE PALMER HOUSE HOTEL


AUCTION XIV In Conjunction with the 2nd Chicago Coin Expo

April 18-19, 2018

Presented by Harlan J. Berk, Ltd. www.geminiauction.com

At the Palmer House 17 East Monroe Street Chicago Room, 5th Floor Part I - Wednesday, April 18th Part II - Thursday, April 19th

Harlan J. Berk, Ltd. 31 N. Clark Street Chicago, IL 60602 Phone: (312) 609-0018 Fax: (312) 609-1309 Email: info@hjbltd.com Website: www.hjbltd.com


NOTICE OF EXHIBITION Lot Viewing/Auction Information: Chicago, IL Through Tuesday, April 17th Before the Chicago Coin Expo at the offices of Harlan J. Berk Ltd. 31 N. Clark St., Chicago, IL 60602 Phone: (312) 609-0018 for appointment The Palmer House 4th floor Exhibit Hall Wednesday, April 18th - 10 AM-4 PM Thursday, April 19th - 9 AM-5:30 PM

Auction: Part I - Wednesday, April 18th Chicago Room 5th Floor Starting at 5:30 PM (Lots 1-421) Part II - Thursday, April 19th Chicago Room 5th Floor Starting at 7:15 PM (Lots 422-696) Lot Pick-up: Friday & Saturday, April 20-21 In the viewing area of the 4th floor Exhibit hall.

Production Staff Senior Directors: Harlan J. Berk Aaron Berk Sammy B. Berk Cataloguers: Greek coins — Harlan J. Berk Roman Republic & Imperatorial coins — Phillip Davis Roman coins — Curtis Clay Byzantine coins — Harlan J. Berk

BANK WIRE INFORMATION: Contact Harlan J. Berk, Ltd. For all payment inquiries please contact: Harlan J. Berk, Ltd at 312-609-0018 or email at info@hjbltd.com Please include either your invoice number or name on your wire.

Photography: Jay Crawford & Andrew Steiner Layout: Aaron Berk Web Site: Pablo Saban

Printed by Classic Color, Chicago, IL

Sammy B. Berk, Auctioneer #2001653-DCA

Place your bids online at www.geminiauction.com


ORDER OF SALE

Part I Begins Wednesday, April 18 at 5:30 PM

Part II Begins Thursday, April 19 at 7:15 PM

Chicago Room - 5th Floor

Chicago Room - 5th Floor

Greek Coins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-340

Imperatorial Coins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 422-447

Roman Republican . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 341-421

Roman Coins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 448-645 Byzantine Coins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 646-696


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TERMS OF SALE This is a public auction and mail bid sale conducted by Gemini Numismatic Auctions, LLC (GNA). Bidding in the auction constitutes full acceptance of the following terms. 1) The property contained in this auction catalog is offered for sale by GNA for itself and on behalf of Harlan J. Berk Ltd. and other consignors. GNA may, at its sole discretion, set opening bidding levels, determine bidding increments, reject any bid, reopen a lot in the event of a dispute and withdraw any lot. GNA further reserves the right to bid on its own behalf, bid on behalf of the consignor or allow the consignor to bid on his own property. 2) A 19% buyer’s premium will be added to the hammer price of each lot sold. The same buyer’s fee format is applicable to all purchases of unsold lots after the sale. Anyone using live internet bidding during the auction through the sale-room.com will pay an additional 2% in addition to the above Gemini fees. 3) All property offered herein is guaranteed genuine. Grades, descriptions of condition, assessment of rarity and attribution are the opinion of the cataloguer and in no way imply or express warranty. This auction is not an approval sale. Lots may not be returned for any reason except lack of authenticity or misdescription. Group lots containing more than one coin are sold “as is” and may not be returned for any reason. Bidders attending the sale, including those acting as agents for others, are excluded from returning any lot for any reason except for lack of authenticity. Any claim of misdescription, excluding a claim of lack of authenticity, must be made within five days of delivery of the property. Any claim of lack of authenticity must be made in writing by the original purchaser immediately on determining the item is not authentic. The original purchaser then must return the item to GNA in the same condition as when purchased. 4) Settlement is due immediately upon receipt of the invoice. Interest charges and late fees of 2% per month, or the highest rate allowable by law, whichever is less, will be applied to invoices not settled within thirty days of the auction date and will accrue from the auction date. Bidders personally guarantee payment for lots purchased in the auction, including those executing commission bids for other parties. Payments can be made by check, cash, money order or bank wire transfer. Payments by Visa, Mastercard, American Express and Discover are accepted for an additional 3% on the hammer price only. Checks must be made in US dollars and drawn on a US bank. There is no tax on coins in the state of Illinois. 5) Title does not pass until payment is made in full. GNA reserves the right to maintain possession of all lots and to require full payment before delivery is made. 6) Bidders unknown to GNA must establish satisfactory credit prior to bidding or must pay a deposit determined by Gemini. Bids from those under 18 years of age must be accompanied by the written consent of a parent or legal guardian guaranteeing payment. 7) Estimates printed in this catalog are in US dollars. They are intended only as a guide to bidders and not as statements of value. Selling reserves will apply to all property sold in this auction and are normally placed at, but never more than the printed estimates. A bid of less than 80% of estimate will not be accepted. In no instance will a selling reserve exceed the printed estimate. 8) Bids must be in even dollar amounts. GNA will represent mail bidders and will execute mail bids at approximately 10% above the next highest bid. In the event identical mail bids are received, GNA will execute the earliest bid. A mail bid has priority over an identical floor bid. GNA accepts no responsibility for errors made in bidding and urges that bid sheets be checked carefully before submission. 9) In the event a successful bidder fails to make payment when due, GNA reserves the right to resell the property, or to have an affiliated company do so, and the bidder agrees to pay for the reasonable cost of such a sale and also to pay the difference between the resale price and the previously successful bid. GNA also reserves any and all rights that it is entitled to under the Illinois Uniform Commercial Code, including the right to offset any sums due from a successful bidder against any future consignment or purchase or monies or goods in possession of GNA or its assigns. 10) Postage, handling and insurance are the responsibility of the buyer and these charges will be added to all invoices where applicable. Foreign purchasers are advised to comply with all customs regulations. GNA declines any responsibility for consequences arising from contravention of such regulations. 11) Bidders hereby waive any claim for incidental, consequential or exemplary damages arising from this auction. The sole remedy that any bidder shall have for any claim or controversy arising out of the auction shall be a refund of all or part of the purchase price. 12) The rights conferred under these Terms of Sale are personal and may not be transferred to any other person or entity. No third party may rely on any benefit or right granted under these Terms. 13) Any dispute regarding this auction shall be governed by the laws of Illinois and shall be adjudicated by the appropriate courts of law in Cook County, Illinois. All bidders submit themselves to the jurisdiction of these courts for this purpose.


The Philip T. Ashton Collection Philip T. Ashton could be described as a man motivated by learning, seeking, or searching in an effort to answer, solve, or find. Phil was born on February 24th, 1934 to English immigrants. As an only child he could entertain himself, was a quick learner, and loved to read. Phil attended Yale University where he earned a bachelor of science in electrical engineering in 1956. It was there that he met his wife, Jane Bishop. Phil worked much of his life for Northeast Utilities (now Eversource). In 1990 he orchestrated the required spin off of the natural gas business and formed Yankee Energy. He was president until his retirement in 1995. Phil was a great community leader all of his adult life, making lasting changes in many areas and organizations. When Phil was about eight years old he had an illness that required a few weeks of bed rest. During that time he was introduced to stamp collecting. Phil recalled that stamps helped him learn about the world, geography, and personalities of interest. Phil became an avid reader and history was his love. Over time, Phil’s collections became an extension of his learning. Phil, and his wife Jane, began to travel in the 1970’s, and Bermuda was a favorite destination. Phil put together an extensive collection of Bermuda stamps, books, maps, and some art work. He often volunteered with the Bermuda National Trust during their visits, his knowledge and time always valued. Family lore suggests that Phil received a few of his earliest Roman coins from his daughters, purchased in England in 1973. As Phil and Jane began to travel to Europe, Greece, and Italy, his interest in coins heightened. Museums were always favorite stops, and then on to book and coin shops. By the time Phil retired, he had become a discerning collector of ancient Roman and Greek coins. Phil went to some coin shows, but he could spend hours poring over numismatic auction catalogs from all over the world. The ones from Harlan J. Berk, Ltd. were his favorite. He would make notations on coins he was interested in, such as whose bust was on the coin, unusual features of the coin, symbol meanings, and the history of the time. For Phil, it was always about the hunt. Once a coin was acquired, he considered and appreciated it, and then it was catalogued. Phil returned to the hunt for the next coin that would delight him and bring history alive in some way. Phil passed away in January of 2017. He is survived by Jane, his wife of 60 years, their four children and spouses, and 10 grandchildren. His family, and many others continue to marvel at how his love of history and knowledge grew continuously throughout his life. May it be so for all who enjoy his collections.


April 18-21 - Chicago Palmer House Hotel - www.coinexpo.org


Part I Starting 5:30 PM April 18th, 2018 Chicago Room 5th Floor Greek Coins

1. Gaul, Massalia, Obverse Brockage. c. 121-49 BC. Reduced Drachm or Tetrobol, 2.45g (12h). Obv: Head of Artemis right, quiver over shoulder, HB monogram under chin. Rx: Incuse mirror image of obverse type. Obverse with this monogram: Paris 1340. Beautiful brockage, well centered and in fine style. Toned EF $125 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 191, 30 July 2014, lot 16. 

2. Celtic Gaul, Aedui. Diasvios, 100-20 BC. Quinarius, 1.97g (8h). Obv: Male head left. Rx: Horse right, DIA - [SV] - LOS around. BMC 459. De La Tour 4871. Toned aEF $100 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Pegasi 25, November 2011, lot 12. 

3. Celtic, Gaul, Northeast. Ambiani. Gallic War issue, 57-45 BC. Gold Stater, 6.11g. Obv: Plain bulge. Rx: Large disjointed horse right; above, pellets and ornament; below crescent above pellet; in exergue, grained groundline with horizontal S-pattern below. Scheers series 24, class IV. Choice EF $500 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased in October 1997. 

4. Gallo-Belgic Celts. Class F, 60-50 BC. Triple-tailed horse type, Gold Stater, 6.02g (5h). Obv: Abstracted 8

head right. Rx: Disjointed horse right. Van Arsdell 85-1 (Imported Coinage). Die break on reverse, otherwise EF $500 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 105, 17 November 1998, lot 1.

5. Gallo-Belgic Celts. Class XCI, 55-50 BC. VE monogram type, Gallic War Stater, Morini tribe, 5.76g. Obv: Blank; digamma off flan. Rx: Disjointed horse right. Van Arsdell 87-1 (Imported Coinage). De La Tour 8707. EF $500 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 171, 27 October 2010, lot 1. 

6. Celtic Britain, Kent. Cantian F, 50-45 BC. Kentish geometric type, Gold Quarter Stater, 1.37g (11h). Obv: Large crescent and uncertain shapes. Rx: Large cross motif with pellets. Van Arsdell 143-1. Fine+ $250 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. With tickets from Chris Rudd, calling it the Sussex Thunderbolt type, and stating “Found near Chichester, W. Sussex, 1978”. 

7. Celtic, Britain, Atrebates. Tincommius. c. 30-10 BC. Gold Quarter Stater, 1.18g (7h). Third coinage, c. 20-10 BC. Obv: COM F on inset tablet. Rx: [T]IN [C], Celticized horse right. Van Arsdell 390-1. EF $400 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex CNG 72, 14 June 2006, lot 35, there with pedigree “From the Andrew Wayne Collection. Ex Dix, Noonan, Webb 61 (17 March 2004), lot 464”. 

Enlargement


8. Celtic, Britain, Atrebates. Verica. c. 10-42 AD. Gold Quarter Stater, 1.19g (9h). First coinage, c. 10-20 AD. Obv: COM F on inset tablet, pellet in circle above and the same below . Rx: Celticized horse right, VI above. Van Arsdell 466-1. Mint State $500

10. Celtic Britain, Atrebates. Verica, First Coinage, 10-20 AD. AR Unit, 1.15g (8h). Obv: Round shield, inscribed COM F on a tablet across the middle, and with floral decorations above and below the tablet. Rx: Eagle with spread wings standing front, head left, VE RI across field above. Van Arsdell 471-1. VF $100

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 122, 6 September 2001, lot 6.

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex CNG 67, 22 September 2004, lot 18.

Verica was the king whose flight to Rome in 42 AD prompted the Claudian invasion of Britain in the following year.

Enlargement

9. Celtic Britain, Atrebates. Verica, First Coinage, 10-20 AD. AR Unit, 1.31g (10h). Obv: COM F across field, between crescent and pellet below and inverted crescent and pellet above; left and right of each crescent, a pellet in ring. Rx: Wolf standing right, star above, VIRI in exergue. Van Arsdell 470-1. Extremely sharply struck, especially on reverse. EF $200 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex CNG 72, 14 June 2006, lot 37 (“From the Andrew Wayne Collection”). With tickets from Chris Rudd and Spink. 

Enlargement

11. Atrebates, Verica. c. 10-43 AD. Quarter Stater, pink gold, 1.27g (1h). Artebates, Second Coinage, 20-25 AD. Obv: VERIC COM F across field, crescent above, star below. Rx: Horse stepping right, star above, uncertain object below. Van Arsdell 501-1. Near Mint State $400 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Harlan J. Berk, September 2001. 

Enlargement

Enlargement

12. Celtic Britain, Atrebates. , Second Coinage, 20-25 AD. AR Unit, 1.25g (2h). Obv: Bull butting right, [VERICA] inverted above (off flan), REX in exergue. Rx: Man standing left holding branch, behind him bust on spear, COM - [MI F] around. Van Arsdell 506-1. Exceptionally well struck obverse. EF/VF $150 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Pegasi 29, November 2013, lot 11.  9


Enlargement

13. Celtic Britain, Atrebates. Verica, Third Coinage, 25-35 AD. AR Unit, 1.17g (12h). Obv: Rider on horse right, carrying oval shield; COMMI F below. Rx: Rider on horse right, holding spear, VERI - CA around. Van Arsdell 530-1. Very well centered, VF $150 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Parthenon, London, December 2001. 

Enlargement

14. Celtic Britain, Atrebates. Verica, Third Coinage, 25-35 AD. AR Unit, 1.22g (8h). Obv: Scepter between crossed cornucopias, [kantharos] and [COMMI] F below. Rx: Woman seated right holding [spear] (off flan), shield behind her, [VERI] - CA around. Van Arsdell 531-1. VF $100 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 123, 23 October 2001, lot 72 (“ex Pheatt 1987”). 

Enlargement

16. Celtic Britain, Atrebates. Verica, Third Coinage, 25-35 AD. AR Minim, 0.27g (8h). Obv: Standard between crossed cornucopias, kantharos below. Rx: Eagle flying left, head turned upward and back. Van Arsdell 555-1. Good VF $100 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased in February 2008. Ticket records apparent findspot, Farnborough, Hampshire, UK. 

Enlargement

17. Celtic Britain, Atrebates. Verica, Third Coinage, 25-35 AD. AR Minim, 0.21g (4h). Obv: Two bunches of grapes hanging down from intertwined vines; above, a third bunch of grapes upside down, flanked by C - F. Rx: Hippocamp right, VER upside down above, CA below. Van Arsdell 556-1. Good VF $100 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex CNG 67, 22 September 2004, lot 19; ex Berk 39, 29 October 1985, lot XXI. 

Enlargement

10

15. Celtic Britain, Atrebates. Verica, Third Coinage, 25-35 AD. AR Unit, 1.38g (7h). Obv: Scepter between crossed cornucopias; below, kantharos and [COM] MI F. Rx: Woman seated right holding spear, shield behind her, VERI - [CA] around. Van Arsdell 531-1. Beautifully centered, Near Mint State $150

18. Celtic Britain, Atrebates. Verica, Third Coinage, 25-35 AD. AR Minim, 0.24g (10h). Obv: Eightpointed star, VI in center. Rx: Pegasus stepping right, E below. Van Arsdell 560-1. EF $100

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex CNG 57, 4 April 2001, lot 1687 (“Found at Wanborough”).

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Pegasi 28, May 2013, lot 12.

Enlargement


Enlargement

19. Celtic Britain, Atrebates. Epaticcus, 35-43 AD. AR Unit, 1.25g (7h). Obv: Bust right wearing lionskin headdress, EPATI before face. Rx: Eagle with spread wings standing right, head left, snake below, pellet in ring above. Van Arsdell 580-1. Near Mint State $150

Enlargement lot 22

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex CNG 49, 17 March 1999, lot 2171.

20. Celtic Britain, Atrebates. Epaticcus, 35-43 AD. AR Unit, 1.22g (4h). Obv: Victory seated right holding wreath, TAS - [C]IO - V around. Rx: Boar running right below tree, EPAT below. Van Arsdell 581-1. Extremely sharp reverse; EF $100

23. Celtic Britain, Iceni. Boar Type, CAN DVRO, 25-20 BC. AR Unit, 1.04g (11h). Obv: Celticized boar right, ‘A’ below boar with pellet for crossbar and small ring above. Rx: Celticized horse right, CAN above, DVRO below. Van Arsdell 663-1. VF $100 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Granta, Cambridge, GB, June 2001. 

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 136, 5 February 2004, lot 406.

Enlargement

21. Celtic Britain, Atrebates. Epaticcus, 35-43 AD. AR Minim, 0.30g (5h). Obv: EPATI across field, with pellet in ring above and another below. Rx: Boar’s head right, [TA] below (off flan). Van Arsdell 585-1. Toned aEF $75

24. Celtic Britain, Iceni. ECEN Symbol Type, 40-45 AD. AR Unit, 1.14g Obv: Double crescent emblem between two parallel lines, to which other lines are attached at right angles. Rx: Horse right, line of three pellets below, apparently without monogram. Van Arsdell 754-1. Good VF $100 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased in June 1994. 

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 136, 5 February 2004, lot 407. 22. Celtic Britain, Atrebates. Epaticcus, 35-43 AD. AR Minim, 0.30g (4h). Obv: EPATI across field, with pellet in ring above and another below. Rx: Boar’s head right, TA below. Van Arsdell 585-1. VF $150 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex CNG 72, 14 June 2006, lot 49 (“From the Andrew Wayne Collection. Ex Dix, Noonan, Webb 61, 17 March 2004, lot 493”). 

25. Celtic Britain, Iceni. Queen Boudicca, 61 AD. AR Unit, 1.27g (1h). Obv: Celticized head right, three dots below, two trefoils before face. Rx: Celticized horse right, elaborate wheel-like object above horse. Van Arsdell 792-1. This is no longer thought to be an issue with a portrait of Boudicca. EF $100 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Pegasi 17, November 2007, lot 9.  11


26. Celtic Britain, Corieltauvi. ESVP ASV. 1-5 AD. Gold Stater, 5.21g. Obv: Apollo wreath pattern. Rx: Horse left, [ESVP] above, ASV below. Van Arsdell 920-1. aEF $400

29. Celtic Britain, Trinovantes. 45-40 BC. Middle Whaddon Chase type, Gold Stater, 5.72g Obv: Abstracted head of Apollo right. Rx: Romanized horse prancing right, six-spoked wheel below. Van Arsdell 1487-1. Areas of flat striking. EF $450

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex CNG 51, 15 September 1999, lot 1851.

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex CNG 51, 15 September 1999, lot 1853.

27. Celtic Britain, Dobunni. Irregular Series, 15 BC-30 AD. AR Unit, 0.90g (5h). Obv: Celticized head right. Rx: Celticized horse left, below horse ring containing small round shield with pelleted edge. Van Arsdell 1170-1 (“Extremely Rare”). Good VF $300

30. Celtic Britain, Trinovantes. Addedomaros. c. 40-30 BC. Gold Stater, 5.51g. First coinage, 40-37 BC. Obv: Crossed wreaths, two crescents back to back, field in angles plain. Rx: Celticized horse prancing right, sixspoked wheel below, [ADDE]DII[DOM] above. Van Arsdell 1605-1. Areas of flat striking and die wear. Good VF $500

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 123, 23 October 2001, lot 76.

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased in October 1997.

Enlargement

Enlargement

12

28. Celtic Britain, Durotriges. Late Geometric, 58-45 AD. Billon Quarter Stater, 1.03g Obv: Boat with three occupants (?). Rx: Zigzag attached to two Y’s, two uncertain objects in field. Van Arsdell 1242-1. aEF $100

31. Celtic Britain, Trinovantes. Addedomaros. Second Coinage, 37-33 BC. Stater, pink gold, 5.50g (12h). Obv: Six-armed spiral. Rx: Celticized horse. Van Arsdell 1620-1. EF/VF $450

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 123, 23 October 2001, lot 77. With Chris Rudd ticket, recording findspot Dorset, February/March 1993.

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 125, 27 February 2002, lot 7. Found at Rushden, Northampton.


Enlargement

32. Celtic Britain, Catuvellauni. Tasciovanos. c. 20 BC-10 AD. Semi-Spiral type, Gold Quarter Stater, 1.36g Obv: Crossed wreath motif with pellet in angles and pellet between crescents. Rx: Plump naturalistic horse with linear mane prancing left, bucranium above, T under chin, AS below. R. Kretz, Spink’s Num. Circular, February 2001, pp. 8-9 (his Type A, variant 2). Cf. Van Arsdell 1690. Rare variety, only three others known to CNG in 2004. Near Mint State $500 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex CNG 66, 19 May 2004, lot 32, “Found Bourne End, Hertfordshire”. 

35. Celtic Britain. Trinovantes. Cunobeline. c. 20-43 AD. Stater, 5.45g (9h). Obv: Grain ear with central stalk and ; CA - M[V] across field. Rx: Horse galloping right; above, branch; beneath, CVNO. Van Arsdell 2027-1. EF $500 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex CNG 51, 15 September 1999, lot 1854.  Camulodunum is Colchester and King Cunobelinus is possibly “Old King Cole” or Shakespeare’s Cymbeline.

Enlargement

Enlargement

33. Celtic Britain, Catuvellauni. Cunobelin. c. 10-43 AD. Stater, pink gold, 5.44g. Obv: Design. Rx: Celticized chariot. Van Arsdell 1910-1. Planchet defect at 8:00 on reverse, otherwise EF $450 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Triton VI, 14-15 January 2003, lot 1313. 

36. Celtic Britain, Catuvallauni. Cunobelin, 20-43 AD. AR Unit, 1.25g (9h). Obv: Winged, draped bust right, CVNO before face. Rx: Sphinx seated left, TASCIO before. Van Arsdell 2057-1. Exceptional quality for issue. Good VF $450 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Pegasi 29, November 2013, lot 12. 

Enlargement

34. Celtic Britain, Catuvellauni. Cunobelin. c. 20-40 AD. Linear type, Gold Quarter Stater, 1.23g (2h). Obv: Grain ear upright, CA - [MV] across field. Rx: Celticized horse prancing right, branch above, CVN below. Van Arsdell 1927-1. Fine $150 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Pegasi 23, November 2010, lot 18. 

Enlargement

37. Lot of two gold quarter staters, Celtic Britain, Iceni. Both Snettisham type, 50-40 BC, 1.06g and 1.07g. Abstracted head / Celticized horse right. BM 3422. Acquired from Pegasi, August 2004, and from an unnamed dealer, November 1999. Both VF $375 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. 13


38. Lot of three gold quarter staters, Celtic Britain. (1) 1.44g, Kentish A, Boar / Tree (stylized). Ex Berk 123, 23 October 2001, lot 1; with ticket from Chris Rudd, stating “Very Rare” and “ex John Sills”. (2) 1.22g. Atrebates, Commius, Anemone type, 45-30 BC. Digamma on blank field / Celticized horse standing left. Van Arsdell 353-5. Ex CNG 51, 15 September 1999, lot 1850. (3) 1.43g. Durotriges, Early Geometric type, 65-58 BC. Large crescent / Geometric pattern. Van Arsdell 1225-1. Acquired from Granta Coins, Cambridge, GB, June 2001. EF to good VF $375

41. Spain, Valentia. After 138 BC. AE 29, 16.15g (2h). Obv: L. CORANI - C. NVMI. Q Helmeted head of Roma right. Rx: VALE - NTIA (VA and NT ligate) Cornucopia and thunderbolt in saltire. Burgos 1990. Obverse resembles Republican denarii. aVF $100 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Pegasi 32, May 2015, lot 9. 

All Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection.

39. Spain, Osca. 150-100 BC. Denarius, 3.73g (1h). Obv. Bearded male head right, wearing pearl necklace, Iberian letters behind. Rx: Horseman with couched spear galloping right, Iberian legend below. Burgos 1501. Villaronga 6. Sear 28. EF $100 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Pegasi, November 2007. 

14

42. Campania. Neapolis. c. 275-250 BC. Didrachm, 7.12g (2h). Obv: Head of nymph left, heron standing right behind. Rx: Man-headed bull walking right, crowned with wreath by Nike above; ΙΣ below bull, [Ν]ΕΟΠΟΛΙΤΩ[Ν] in exergue. SNG ANS 399. Sambon 507. HN Italy 586. Exceptionally well centered. Toned good VF $375 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Pegasi in 2015.   Lot includes elaborate ticket from unnamed prior collection, indicating it was obtained from Seaby in August 1962 for 6 pounds; Seaby ticket also included.

Enlargement

40. Spain, Turiaso. 204-154 BC. Drachm, 3.10g (1h). Obv: Head right with short beard, A behind, M below, Δ before. Rx: Horseman with spear right, Iberian legend TURIASU below. Sear 30 var. Calicó 1979, 1206. aEF $100

43. Campania, Phistelia. 380-350 BC. Obol, 0.63g (9h). Obv: Young male head, without neck, three-quarter face to right. Rx: Oscan legend; barley grain between dolphin (off flan) and mussel shell. SNG ANS 567 ff. Sear 316. EF $150

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 185, 9 July 2013, lot 68.

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 106, 20 January 1999, lot 94.


Enlargement

44. Calabria. Tarentum. c. 340 BC. Diobol, 1.30g (2h). Obv: Head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet. Rx: Heracles kneeling right grappling with lion, on lion’s back an owl standing left. Vlasto 1322. Reverse exceptionally good; sharply struck. EF $150

47. Calabria. Tarentum. c. 280-272 BC. Drachm, 3.24g (10h). Obv: Helmeted head of Athena left. Rx: TAPANTINΩN Owl standing right on thunderbolt, head facing; in right field, ΣΩ. Vlasto 1077. HN Italy 1018. Toned EF $125 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Pegasi 30, May 2014, lot 15. 

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Pegasi, October 2003.

45. Calabria. Tarentum. c. 280-272 BC. Nomos, 7.95g (3h). Obv: Warrior on horse prancing left; to left, Nike standing facing, restraining horse. Rx: Phalanthos, wearing shield inscribed E and holding two spears, standing astride dolphin left; ZOP to left, waves below. Vlasto 679. HN Italy 963. Toned EF $350

48. Calabria, Tarentum. Nomos, 3.98g (5h). Tarentum, Time of Hannibal, c. 212-209 BC. Obv: Naked youth on horseback right, holding reins and carrying filleted palm; ΣΩKANNAΣ below. Rx: Taras astride dolphin left, holding aphlaston in extended right hand, cradling trident in left arm; eagle standing with wings spread behind; TAPAΣ below. Vlasto 984. HN Italy 1082. SNG ANS 1272. Perfectly struck; Mint State $400 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 130, 6 January 2003, lot 81. 

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Classic Coins in 1999. Enlargement

46. Calabria. Tarentum. c. 280-272 BC. Nomos, 6.35g (9h). Obv: Nude youth on horse left, crowning it with wreath; cornucopia behind, |-AΠEAC below. Rx: Taras astride dolphin left, holding kantharos and trident; ΠOΛY behind, TAPAΣ below. Vlasto 822. HN Italy 997. aEF $200 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Classic Coins in 1999.  

49. Lucania. Heraclea. c. 330-325 BC. Stater, 7.60g (5h). Obv: ΗΕΡΑΚΛΗΙΩΝ Head of Athena right wearing Corinthian helmet decorated with Scylla hurling stone; behind, K. Rx: ΑΡΙΣ Heracles standing facing, holding club, bow and arrows and lion’s skin, owl in field left. SNG ANS 74. SNG Italy 1384. Heracles well struck and well centered for issue. VF $500 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection.  15


50. Lucania. Metapontum. c. 530-510 BC. Stater, 7.93g (12h). Obv: Eight-grained ear of barley, MET on right; dotted border. Rx: Obverse type incuse, without inscription. Noe-Johnston 57. Sear 235 var. aEF/EF $3,500 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Pegasi, November 1999. 

52. Lucania. Metapontum. c. 400-340 BC. Stater, 7.55g (11h). Obv: Youthful head of Dionysus left, hair falling in tresses, wearing a diadem adorned with a maeander pattern and upright ivy leaves; E below chin. Rx: Barley ear with leaf on left, META to right. Noe 453. HN Italy 1531. Good VF $400 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. 

53. Lucania. Metapontum. c. 340-320 BC. Diobol, 1.25g (12h). Obv: ΜΕΤΑ Five-grained barley ear. Rx: Ox head incuse with horns turned downward. Noe Class XII, p. 31, pl. 21-22. aEF/EF $275

Enlargement

51. Lucania. Metapontum. c. 500-480 BC. Stater, 8.03g (12h). Obv: Six-grained barley ear, between ram’s head upward on left and META retrograde on right; border of dots between two lines. Rx: Six-grained ear incuse. Noe-Johnston 221. Lustrous Mint State $700 NGC 4625017-004. Ex Berk 153, 13 March 2007, lot 79. 

Enlargement

16

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Pegasi 34, June 2016, lot 28.

Enlargement

54. Lucania. Thurium. c. 433-400 BC. Stater, 7.65g (5h). Obv: Head of Athena right, wearing wreathed Attic helmet, Γ behind neck-guard. Rx: ΘΟΥ[ΡΙΩΝ] Bull walking right, fish right in exergue. HN Italy 1759. SNG ANS 931-933 (same obv. die). Toned aEF $800 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Pegasi 30, May 2014, lot 25; with ticket recording purchase from Baldwin’s in March 1976. 


Molossos Stater

55. Lucania, Thurium. c. 350 BC. Stater, signed by Molossos, 7.99g (5h). Obv: Head of Athena right, wearing Attic helmet decorated with Scylla. Rx: Bull butting right, head lowered, pawing ground with right foreleg and flicking tail; above, ethnic ΘΟΥΡΙΩΝ; below, plinth inscribed with name [MO]ΛOΣΣOΣ. SNG ANS 1024 (same rev. die). Though it is uncertain whether Molossos was a die engraver or a magistrate, the coins with his name are rare and desirable, and our specimen is finer than most recorded examples, including the one in the ANS. Excellent pedigree, Toned EF $6,500

56. Lucania. Thurium. c. 300-280 BC. Stater, g (7h). Obv: Head of Athena right, wearing wreathed Attic helmet, Φ on helmet flap. Rx: ΘΟΥΡΙΩΝ ΘΟ Bull walking right. HN Italy 1870. SNG ANS 1078-1080 (same obv. die). Toned with luster VF/EF $600 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. 

Ex M & M 64, 26 October 1978, lot 64. Ex Vinchon Sale, November 1977, lot 30. Ex Art Monaco, 1970. “The name of Molossos was regarded by Noe (Thurian Distaters, p. 13) as that of a magistrate, but Robinson, adducing a plated coin on which MOΛOΣ is followed by EΠOE (“Molossos made it”), argued for an engraver’s signature” (Rutter, HN Italy, 1784).

57. Lucania. Velia. 305/4-293/90 BC. Didrachm, 7.17g (2h). Obv: Head of Athena right, wearing Attic helmet decorated with wing over wreath; A behind. Rx: Lion right. Above, Φ-Ι and wheat ear; [Υ]ΕΛΗΤΩΝ in exergue. Williams 482. Toned aEF $650 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 167, 3 December 2009, lot 80. 

58. Bruttium, Brettii. 214-211 BC. AE 23, 7.74g (12h). Obv: Laureate head of Zeus right, wheat ear behind. Rx: BPET - TIΩN Eagle with spread wings standing left on thunderbolt, cornucopia in left field, crescent behind eagle’s head. SNG ANS 46. HN Italy 1978. Sear 704. Beautifully struck with lustrous green patination. Mint State $225 Enlargement

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 193, 30 April 2015, lot 370; ex Gemini II, 10 January 2005, lot 11. 17


Archaic Greek Sculpture

59. Bruttium. Caulonia. c. 525-500 BC. Stater, 8.16g (12h). Obv: ΚΑVΛ Apollo striding right, holding lustral branch behind head in right hand, and with running daemon (also holding branches) on outstretched left arm. In right field, stag standing right, looking back. Guilloche border. Rx: Obverse type incuse, to left, without inscription; rim border. HN Italy 2035. SNG ANS 142 (same dies). Beautifully centered on a broad flan. This is an exceptional example of this highly desirable issue showing a beautiful example of archaic Greek sculpture. Mint State $12,500

60. Brettian League. 216-214 BC. Drachm, 4.69g (10h). Obv: Diademed bust of Nike right; plow (resembling inscription) behind. Rx: River god Aisaros standing facing, crowning himself and holding scepter; to right, incense altar. Arslan 49/48. Scheu S17. HN Italy 1960. Toned EF $600 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Pegasi 22, May 2010, lot 53. 

NGC 4625018-017. Ex Berk 153, 13 March 2007, lot 85. 61. Brettian League. 216-214 BC. Drachm, 4.66g (1h). Obv: Diademed bust of Nike right, uncertain symbol behind. Rx: River god Aisaros standing facing, crowning himself and holding scepter; to right, monogram. Scheu 60. HN Italy 1963. Reverse flatly struck, otherwise Toned EF $350 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Pegasi 23, November 2010, lot 36. 

62. Bruttium, Carthaginian Occupation. c. 215-211 BC. Half Shekel, 3.93g (1h). Obv: Wreathed head of Tanit left. Rx: Horse standing right; solar disk above, Punic letter ‘ayin’ below. SNG Copenhagen 361-3. HN Italy 2016. Toned good VF $650 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Pegasi, November 2016.  Enlargement

18


Enlargement

63. Bruttium, The Brettii (?). Hannibal. c. 215-209 BC. Quarter Shekel, 1.97g (12h). Obv: Head of TanitDemeter left, wreathed with grain, wearing pendant earring and necklace. Rx: Free horse standing right. Robinson, NC 1964, p. 53, 3. SNG Copenhagen 369. HN Italy 2020. Head of horse slightly off center, as usual for this issue. Mint State $300 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 123, 6 November 2001, lot 84.  Robinson gave coins of this type to Locri, but no evidence has emerged supporting the existence of a Punic mint at that city. HN Italy tentatively suggests attribution to the Brettii. Hoard evidence indicates that the variety circulated at Tarentum, establishing a date of issue before 209.

64. Bruttium. Croton. c. 500-480 BC. Stater, 8.21g (12h). Obv: (Koppa) ΡΟ for Croton, engraved over retrograde TE for Temesa; Tripod; above bowl and on ground below, two pairs of snakes confronting each other with open mouths; to right, crab. Rx: Same type, incuse, without the recut TE. HN Italy 2085. SNG ANS 246. Die break at 5:00 on obverse edge. Lustrous Mint State $2,500

65. Bruttium. Croton. c. 510-480 BC. Stater, 7.94g (10h). Obv: Tripod; to left, crane standing right; to right, (koppa) ΡΟ. Rx: Tripod, incuse. HN Italy 2085. SNG ANS 266. Lustrous aEF $500 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. 

Bounding Hare

66. Bruttium. Croton. c. 425-350 BC. Diobol, 0.60g (11h). Obv: Tripod, K - P across field. Rx: Hare running right, annulet and retrograde Σ above, another annulet below. NAC O, 13 May 2004, lot 1206 (this coin); another from same dies in Solidus E19, 23 September 2017, lot 21. Cf. HN Italy 2133 (earlier, no KP on obv.) and 2156 (obv. like our coin, but rev. eagle standing). HN Italy provides no parallel for the retrograde Σ on our coin. A very scarce, exceptional issue. VF/EF $500 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 142, 15 March 2005, lot 46; ex NAC O, 2004, as cited above. 

NGC 4625018-015. Ex Berk 153, 13 March 2007, lot 89.

Enlargement

Enlargement

19


Enlargement

67. Bruttium. Rhegium. c. 494-462 BC. Litra, 0.50g (5h). Obv: Hare springing left. Rx: Letters REC across field. Cf. HN Italy 2475. SNG ANS 633-4 var. Toned EF $200 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Pegasi in 1999. 

70. Sicily. Akragas. c. 460-450 BC. Tetradrachm, 17.47g (7h). Obv: ΑΚΡΑ[C] - [Α]ΝΤΟΣ Eagle with closed wings standing left. Rx: Crab upwards. SNG ANS 968. Die break on eagle’s back. The eagle unusually well struck, without the normal flatness. Mint State $3,000 NGC 4625019-015. Ex Berk 153, 13 March 2007, lot 96. 

Very rare with hare left and REC not retrograde; none on CoinArchives or in Berk photofile.

68. Bruttium, Terina. c. 300 BC. Drachm, 2.34g (2h). Obv: Head of nymph left wearing triple-pendant earring, triskeles behind. Rx: Nike seated left on plinth, bird alighting on outstretched right hand, left hand resting on plinth. Holloway-Jenkins 115. SNG ANS 859. Lustrous EF $600 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Triton XV, 3-4 January 2012, lot 1038.  Enlargement

69. Sicily. Akragas. c. 510-480 BC. Didrachm, 8.75g (4h). Obv: ΑΚΡΑ Eagle with closed wings standing left. Rx: Crab. Jenkins, Gela, Group III. SNG ANS 939. aEF/Mint State $500 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex CNG 64, 24 September 2003, lot 42.  20

71. Sicily, Akragas, Punic Occupation. c. 213-211 BC. Quarter Shekel, 1.87g (12h). Obv: Male head right, wreathed with wheat. Rx: Horse standing right; Punic inscription below. Walker dies I/2. Burnett 148-149 (same rev. die). Visona 56. Mint State $300 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex CNG 70, 21 September 2005, lot 42. 


72. Sicily. Gela. c. 465-450 BC. Tetradrachm, 17.22g (11h). Obv: Charioteer in quadriga (only two horses are shown) moving slowly left; behind, column, probably marking the turning point of the race; in exergue, sea monster left. Rx: Forepart of bearded man-headed bull right, the line of the truncation dotted; to right, CΕΛΑΣ retrograde. Jenkins 220 (O58/R118). SNG ANS 49 (same dies). Man-headed bull exceptionally well struck. Obverse struck with a partially worn die. EF $700

75. Sicily. Selinus. 530-500 BC. Didrachm, 8.04g (7h). Obv: Celery leaf, pellet to left and right of stem. Rx: Incuse square divided into sections. SNG ANS 672. BMC 5. SNG Copenhagen 592. EF $500 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 135, 10 November 2003, lot 60.  Unsigned Die by Eukieidas

NGC 4625018-016. Ex Berk 153, 13 March 2007, lot 100.

73. Sicily. Himera. c. 483-472 BC. Didrachm, 8.63g (8h). Obv: ΗΙΜΕ[ΡΑ] Cock standing left. Rx: Crab. SNG ANS 157. Sear 718. The cock on the obverse of this coin is more fully struck and has much more detail than usual. aEF/EF $400 NGC 4625019. Ex Berk 153, 13 March 2007, lot 101.  Apparently minted when Theron, tyrant of Akragas, was master of Himera: hence the crab on the reverse, the emblem of Akragas.

76. Sicily. Syracuse. c. 410-405 BC. Tetradrachm, 17.33g (7h). Obv: Quadriga galloping left, driven by female charioteer, holding long torch in right hand; above, Nike flying right to crown the charioteer; in exergue, ear of wheat. Rx: Head of Arethusa right, wearing crescent earring with hanging pendants and simple necklace, hair bound up in bun; around, two dolphins swimming down to right, one swimming down to left, and one swimming up from below Arethusa´s neck. Tudeer 61. SNG ANS 280. Gulbenkian 283. This coin is flawlessly centered with all four dolphins on the reverse, and complete quadriga with Nike flying above on obverse. Struck on an exceptionally broad flan and beautifully toned. There are some minor contact marks on the cheek, but this is an exceptional example of this highly desirable and rare issue. VF $2,000 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. 

74. Sicily. Messana. 475-471 BC. Tetradrachm, 16.83g (4h). Obv: Charioteer driving biga of mules right; olive leaf and berry in exergue. Rx: Hare springing right, ΜΕΣΣΑΝΙΟΝ around. Caltabiano 120 (D64/ R62). Good Fine/VF $400 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. 

Enlargement

21


Magnificent Euainetos Decadrachm

77. Sicily, Syracuse. c. 400-390 BC, unsigned dies by Euainetos. Decadrachm, 43.13g (8h). Obv: Quadriga galloping left, driven by a charioteer holding reins and directing the horses with a goad; above, Nike flying right to crown the charioteer; in exergue, panoply of arms on two steps: cuirass, two greaves, and a Phrygian helmet. Rx: ΣΥΡΑΚΟΣΙΩΝ Head of nymph Arethusa left, wearing a reed wreath, triple ear pendant, and necklace; around, four dolphins. Gallatin F VIIa/RIV. Of the Euainetos decadrachms, while many are signed, there is a large group unsigned with the cockle shell symbol behind the head of Arethusa. In many cases these are struck with some of the most beautiful dies. This coin has incredible centering. The obverse is complete except for the tip of one horse’s nose. The reverse, bearing the portrait of Arethusa, is struck on a very broad flan showing the complete name of the city above Arethusa’s head and all of the dolphins are extremely clear except for the fin of one and the tip of the nose of another. The centered head of Arethusa is beautifully struck, making it a monument of classical Greek art. More important than the decadrachms of Kimon, this reverse die is one of the most copied coins in the world starting with immediately after it was struck, copied by the Carthaginians in Sicily and continuing all the way to Victorian times and beyond. Near Mint State $60,000 Ex Stack’s, 12 January 2009, Golden Horn, lot 2135.  On the obverse, the charioteer seems to be rounding the turning post, the most dangerous moment of the 22

race, so urges on the right-hand pair of horses with his goad while pulling back the left-hand pair with the reins. The drama on the obverse has its counterpart in the eternal beauty of the reverse, depicting the head of Arethusa, the nymph of the local well on Ortygia, a small island belonging to Syracuse, whose features were copied on many other Greek coinages and have also inspired modern connoisseurs such as Winckelmann, Payne Knight, and Goethe.

Enlargement


Enlargement

78. Sicily, Syracuse. c. 405-400 BC, under Dionysios I. Gold 50 Litrai, 2.86g (3h). Obv: ΣYPAKO - [Σ] IΩN Young male head left. Rx: [ΣYPA]KOΣIΩ[N] on raised exergue, Horse prancing right. SNG ANS 341 (same dies). SNG Copenhagen 688 (same dies). Bérend 2 (O1/R2). Numerous small obverse countermarks, but well centered. Fine/VF $2,000

Enlargement

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex CNG 82, 16 September 2009, lot 304 (“From the J. Olphin Collection”). Arethusa in the Sea

79. Sicily. Syracuse. c. 405-395 BC. Tetradrachm, 16.12g (2h). Obv: Charioteer driving galloping quadriga left, holding goad in right hand, reins in both; Nike flying right above, crowning charioteer; dolphin swimming left in exergue. Rx: ΣYP-A-KO-[Σ]I-ΩN, head of Arethusa left wearing double looped earrings and a necklace with a small pendant, large band in hair from under which hair flows upward and backward in flame-like locks (meant to depict her beneath the water), surrounded by four swimming dolphins. Tudeer 103 (V35/R70). SNG ANS 300 (same obverse die). SNG Lloyd 1407 (same obverse die). SNG Copenhagen 682. Jameson 809 (same obverse die). This beautiful issue reminds us that Syracuse was originally located on an island, since Arethusa’s hair is shown lifted by water. Normally the hair of Arethusa is somewhat cut short by centering, this coin is perfectly centered showing not only all four dolphins, but also all of her hair. aEF/EF $4,000 Ex Berk 137, 31 March 2004, lot 77. Ex Triton VII, 12 January 2004, lot 93. 

80. Sicily, Syracuse. Before Timoleon. 367-344 BC. Hemilitron, 13.81g (10h). Obv: [ZEYΣ] EΛEY - ΘE - PIOΣ Laureate head of Zeus Eleutherios right. Rx: [ΣY]PAK[OΣIΩ]N Thunderbolt upright; to right, eagle with folded wings standing right. SNG ANS 477. Sear 1192. Dark olive patination. Wonderful smooth surface. Near Mint State $350 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 132, 14 May 2003, lot 631 (“ex Moretti Collection”). 

81. Sicily, Syracuse. Time of Timoleon. 344-336 BC. Dilitron, 19.24g (2h). Obv: ZEYΣ EΛ - EYΘEP[IOΣ] Laureate head of Zeus Eleutherios left. Rx: ΣYP[A] K - OΣIΩ - N Free horse prancing left on ground line. SNG ANS 533. Dark green patination. Beautifully centered on a broad flan. EF/Choice EF $600 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex CNG 69, 8 June 2005, lot 111.  23


Enlargement

82. Sicily, Syracuse. Agathokles. 317-289 BC. EL 50 Litrai, 3.45g (6h). Obv: Laureate head of Apollo left, amphora behind. Rx: [ΣYP]A[K - O]ΣIΩ[N] Tripod. Jenkins Group B, pl. 14, O4/R3. Sear 957. VF/EF $1,000 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. 

83. Agathokles. 8 Litrai, 6.64g (3h). Obv: Helmeted head of Athena right. Rx: Pegasus flying left, triskeles below. Calciati 19. SNG ANS 682-685 var. (Athena left). Toned EF $500 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection.

84. Agathokles. Gold Drachm, 4.27g (3h). Obv: Laureate head of Apollo left, Σ behind. Rx: ΣYP - A - KοΣIΩN Galloping biga driven right by charioteer holding reins and goad; beneath horses, triskeles. SNG ANS 551 (same dies). Sear 967 var. Highest point of hair flatly struck, otherwise EF $2,500 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection.

85. Agathocles. Tetradrachm, 16.91g (12h). Syracuse, c. 310-295 BC. Obv: ΚΟPAΣ Head of Kore right, wearing stalk of grain as wreath. Rx: ΑΓΑΘΟΚΛΕΙΟΣ Nike standing right holding hammer and nail, about to fasten helmet to top of trophy before her; in lower left field, triskeles. M. Ierardi, AJN 7-8 (1995-96), p. 64, 214 (O59/R144). This is one of the best examples of the late issue of this type. Toned Near Mint State $2,000 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex CNG 66, 19 May 2004, lot 148, giving pedigree “From the Ronald Cohen Collection”. 

86. Hieron II. 275-215 BC. AE 25-25.5, 17.13g (3h). Obv: Diademed head of king left; dotted border. Rx: Horseman riding right, holding spear; IΕΡΩΝΟ[Σ] in exergue; linear border. SNG ANS 909. SNG Morcom 818. EF $300 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Aitna Coins, May 2009. 

Enlargement 87. Hieron II. 275-215 BC. Trichalkon, 0.77g (6h). Obv: Head of Athena left wearing Corinthian helmet. Rx: ΣΥΡΑΚΟΣΙΩΝ / Three pellets and X•III / AΦ. SNG ANS 907. De Luynes Coll. 1399. aVF $200

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 196, 4 February 2016, lot 51.

Enlargement

24

In the interpretation of W. Giesecke, the value of this scarce trichalkon is indicated not only by the three pellets on the reverse, but also by the letters X•III, the X being the Greek letter chi standing for “chalkoi”, while III is the Roman numeral for “three”, a curious mixture of Greek and Latin.


88. Gelon II. 275-215 BC. 4 Litrai, 3.25g (12h). Obv: Diademed head of Gelon II left. Behind, club. Rx: ΣΥΡΑΚΟΣΙΟΙ [ΓΕΛΩΝΟΣ] Eagle standing right on thunderbolt; BA to left, K to right. SNG ANS 900 (same obv. die). SNG Fitzwilliam 1412 (same dies). Toned aEF $350

Enlargement lot 89

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Pegasi in November 1999.

Enlargement lot 90

89. Hieronymous. 215-214 BC. 10 Litrai, 8.39g (7h). Obv: Diademed head of Hieronymos left, retrograde K behind. Rx: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΟΣ / ΙΕΡΩΝΥΜΟY Winged thunderbolt, KI above. Holloway 40. SNG ANS 1028. EF $500 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 119, 15 March 2001, lot 153. 

I’m With Hannibal

91. Sicily, Syracuse. Fifth Democracy. 214-212 BC. 12 Litrai, 9.54g (3h). Obv: Head of Athena left, wearing crested Corinthian helmet, single-pendant earring, and necklace, with aegis around neck. Rx: Artemis standing left, drawing bow; on her far side, hound springing left; ΞA to left. SNG ANS 1040. Burnett 24. aEF $500 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. 

90. Hieronymos. 215-214 BC. 10 Litrai, 8.51g (7h). Obv: Diademed head of Hieronymos left. Rx: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΟΣ / ΙΕΡΩΝΥΜΟY Winged thunderbolt, ΔΑ above. Holloway 61. SNG ANS 1033. This issue shows the young final king of Syracuse wearing sideburns, which he did not do in his original issues. With these sideburns, he foolishly pledges his alliance to Hannibal. $500

92. Sicily, Syracuse. Fifth Democracy. 214-212 BC. Stater, 6.73g (9h). Obv: Head of Athena left wearing Corinthian helmet, AΓ monogram behind. Rx: Winged thunderbolt, ΣYPAKOΣIΩN above, ΣΩ below. SNG ANS 1044. Burnett 16, pl. 8 (same obv. die). Near Mint State $500

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 119, 15 March 2001, lot 153.

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 143, 18 May 2005, lot 63. 25


93. Sicily. Siculo-Punic. c. 305-295 BC. Tetradrachm, 16.40g (8h). Obv: Head of Herakles-Melqarth right, wearing lionskin headdress. Rx: [MHSBM] Horse’s head left; behind, palm tree. Jenkins Series 5b, pl. 13-14, O124. Sear 6438. Toned EF $1,250 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 127, 25 June 2002, lot 122. 

94. Sicily, Panormus. Siculo-Punic. c. 370-360 BC. Tetradrachm, 17.09g (10h). Obv: Charioteer, holding goad and reins, driving galloping quadriga right, Punic legend R’SMLQRT (“People of the Camp”) in exergue. Rx: Head of Arethusa right, three dolphins around. Jenkins 8. This is one of the more creative Siculo-Punic issues based on the decadrachms of Euainetos. Doublestriking on dolphin in front of the face of Arethusa. Toned EF $2,000 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. 

Enlargement

95. Sicily, Panormus. Siculo-Punic. c.405- 340 BC. Tetradrachm, 16.85g (8h). Obv: Quadriga in fast motion left, driven by a male charioteer holding goad and reins; above, Nike flying right to crown the charioteer; double exergual line. Rx: Female head right wearing triple ear pendant and pearl necklace, surrounded by four dolphins. Jenkins 39. Toned aEF $1,500 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Teaparty, November 1999. 

96. Sicily. Siculo-Punic, “Cape of Melqart”. c. 350-300 BC. Tetradrachm, 17.07g (12h). Obv: Quadriga in fast motion left, driven by a male charioteer holding goad and reins; above, Nike flying right to crown the charioteer; double exergual line; in exergue Punic inscription RSMLQRT. Rx: Female head right wearing triple ear pendant and pearl necklace, surrounded by four dolphins (only two fully on flan). Jenkins 60 (O19/ R47). aEF $1,250 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Pegasi 23, November 2010, lot 44. 

97. Sicily, Panormus. Siculo-Punic. c.405- 340 BC. Tetradrachm, 17.17g (11h). Obv: Quadriga in fast motion left, driven by a male charioteer holding goad and reins; above, star and Nike flying right to crown the charioteer. Rx: Female head left, reeds in hair, wearing triple ear pendant and pearl necklace, surrounded by four dolphins. Jenkins 70. Hair flatly struck on highest points. Toned aEF $2,000 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. 

26


Magnificent Horse’s Head

98. Sicily. Siculo-Punic. c. 320-315 BC. Tetradrachm, 16.87g (2h). Obv: Head of Arethusa left, of fine Greek style, wearing triple pendant earring and pearl necklace, hair wreathed with grain leaves, four dolphins around. Rx: Punic inscription ‘mmhnt, horse’s head left, palm tree behind neck. Jenkins 152 (O47/ R137). Lustrous and beautifully struck. This SiculoPunic issue rather exactly copies the Arethusa of Euainetos. Utterly magnificent horse’s head on reverse. EF/Mint State $3,750

100. Barcids in Spain, Hannibal. 237-209 BC. Shekel, 5.88g (6h). Carthago Nova. Obv: Bare male head (possibly Hannibal) left. Rx: Horse standing right, palm tree behind, Punic letter zayin below. SNG BM Spain 111. Reverse somewhat weakly struck. Toned, lustrous EF $1,000 NGC 4625018-014. Purchased from Amphora Coins (David Hendin), 7 March 2011. 

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 122, 6 September 2001, lot 159.

101. Zeugitana, Carthage. c. 220-210 BC. EL 3/8 Shekel, 2.81g (5h). Obv: Head of Tanit left, wreathed with wheat, wearing single-drop earring and necklace. Rx: Horse standing right. Jenkins and Lewis Group XV, pl. 21. Sear 6480. Banker’s mark on obverse at 9:00. EF $400 NGC 4170327-001. Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Enlargement

99. Carthage, Sardinian Mint. c. 300-264 BC. AE 20, 4.36g (2h). Obv: Head of Tanit left wearing wreath with wheat ears and pendant necklace. Rx: Horse’s head right; before neck, pellet in downward facing crescent. SNG Copenhagen 148. Dark green patination. Perfectly struck. Mint State $150 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased in February 2000. 

102. Carthage, Punic mint in Bruttium. c. 215-205 BC. Half Shekel, 3.70g (12h). Obv: Head of TanitDemeter left, wreathed with wheat. Rx: Horse standing right; above, sun disk with uraei; below, Punic letter ayin. SNG Copenhagen 362. HN Italy 2016. Toned EF $500 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 151, 1 November 2006, lot 93. 

27


103. Illyria, Apollonia. 1st cent. BC. Drachm, 3.83g (2h). Obv: Laureate head of Apollo left, ΦΙΛΟΔΑΜΟΣ downwards before. Rx: Three nymphs hand in hand, the two outer ones holding torches, between the second and the third a fire; A - Π - O - Λ across field, in exergue APIΣTAPXOΣ and A in square frame. BM 70. Sear 1882 var. EF/aEF $300 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Pegasi, 26 May 2012, lot 116. 

Dodecadrachm, 34.70g (7h). Obv: Ox cart with basket-weave sides driven right by bearded man with whip, Corinthian helmet above, Π between ox’s legs, I to right, Ǝ above. Rx: Triskeles of human legs. Unpublished, but several from the same dies have appeared in trade in recent years. This is only the second time we have had a mint state Derrones. Fully lustrous and struck on a broad flan. Mint State $12,500 Purchased from Apollo Numismatics in 2006. Svoronos knew the inscriptions Euergetes , Xe…, and Ekco… on dodecadrachms of the Derrones (pl. ii, 5-7), and surmised that they might be the names of tribal chieftains. Our unpublished coin adds the new name ΠΕΙ… to this short list.

Enlargement

104. Pangaean District. Neapolis. c. 410-380 BC. Hemidrachm, 1.77g (4h). Obv: Gorgoneion facing, tongue protruding. Rx: Ν - Ε - Ο - Π Head of a young girl right, wearing necklace. SNG ANS 430 ff. Choice EF/aEF $350 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Pegasi 26, May 2012, lot 81.  Mint State Derrones with Luster

Enlargement

106. Chalcidian District, Acanthus. 440-400 BC. Tetrobol, 2.54g (12h). Obv: Forepart of bull kneeling left, looking back; above, floral ornament. Rx: Quadripartite incuse square with granular surface. BM 7 (with drawing). Very sharply struck, beautifully centered. EF $250 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Pegasi, November 1999. 

Enlargement

107. Chalcidian District, Terone. c. 480-420 BC. Tetrobol, 2.35g (12h). Obv: Pitcher, T - E across field. Rx: Shallow four-part incuse square, the surface granulated. SNG Copenhagen 337. Sear 1457. Perfectly centered. EF $225 105. Bisaltian District, Derrones. c. 475-450 BC. 28

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 164, 20 May 2009, lot 123.


Exquisite Apollo

108. Chalcidian District, Olynthus. c. 401-398 BC. Tetradrachm, 14.36g (6h). Obv: Laureate head of Apollo left. Rx: Χ - Α - Λ - ΚΙΔ - [ΕΩΝ] Cithara. Robinson & Clement 21. Beautiful high-relief rendition of a youthful Apollo. Sharply struck in high relief. Toned EF $2,500

Enlargement

110. Macedonian Kingdom. Philip II. 359-336 BC. Stater, 8.59g (10h). Pella, c. 340-328 BC, Late Lifetime Issue. Obv: Laureate head of Apollo right. Rx: ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ Galloping biga driven right by charioteer holding whip; trident below horses. Le Rider pl. 60-64, apparently new dies. Mint State $2,200

Ex Berk 153, 13 March 2007, lot 111. FDC

Enlargement

Enlargement

109. Chalcidian District, Olynthus. c. 401-398 BC. Tetradrachm, 13.93g (6h). Obv: Laureate head of Apollo right. Rx: Χ - Α - Λ - ΚΙ[Δ - Ε]ΩΝ Cithara; small T- E flanking A in ethnic, small T to lower right of cithara (off flan on this specimen). Robinson & Clement Group I, 38 corr. (A29/ P35), citing McClean 3158. Apparently only the third specimen recorded from these dies, the others being McClean 3158 and CNG 70, 21 September 2005, lot 70. aEF/EF $1,250 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Pegasi, February 2004. 

111. Philip II. 359-336 BC. Stater, 8.59g (6h). Pella, Struck under Philip III Arrhidaios, c. 323-317 BC. Obv: Laureate head of Apollo right. Rx: Galloping biga driven right by charioteer holding whip and reins; star and Mo monogram below horses; ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ and horse’s leg in exergue. Thompson 107 (same dies). Le Rider pl. 691, Commerce 14. SNG ANS 303 (D188/ R321, new combination). Mint State $1,800

Enlargement

112. Philip II. 359-336 BC. Stater, 8.56g (10h). Pella II, c. 340-328 BC. Obv: Laureate head of Apollo right. Rx: ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ Galloping biga driven right by charioteer holding whip; Nike below horses. Le Rider 364. EF $1,800 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 127, 25 June 2002, lot 11. 

29


Fine Style Alexander Stater

113. Philip II. 359-336 BC. Tetradrachm, 14.09g (2h). Pella III, c. 323/2-315. Obv: Laureate head of Zeus r. Rx: ΦIΛIΠ - ΠOY Naked youth on horseback right holding palm, below horse serpent with one coil facing right, below horse’s raised foreleg Boeotian shield. These symbols with snake horizontally right rather than erect occur on only this one reverse die. Le Rider 524. Of the many tetradrachms of Philip, this is probably one of the most beautiful obverse dies, showing a correct but Hellenized portrait of the late king. Toned EF $2,000

114. Philip II. 359-336 BC. Fifth Stater, 2.60g (9h). Amphipolis, c. 323/2-316/5 BC. Obv: Head of Apollo right, hair bound with taenia. Rx: Naked youth on horse prancing right, ΦIΛIΠΠOY above, ΠA monogram below. Le Rider pl. 45.7. EF $300 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. 

Enlargement

116. Alexander III The Great. Stater, 8.63g (8h). Amphipolis, c. 330-320 BC. Obv: Head of Athena right, wearing helmet decorated with coiled serpent. Rx: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ Nike standing left, holding wreath and stylis, trident head in left field. Price 172. EF $1,800 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. 

117. Alexander III The Great. Tetradrachm, 16.68g (12h). Mesembria, c. 175-125 BC. Obv: Head of Heracles right wearing lion-skin headdress. Rx: BAΣIΛEΩ[Σ] on right, [A]ΛEΞANΔP[OY] on left, Zeus seated left holding eagle and scepter; in right field, Corinthian helmet right above MA; under throne, ΠοΑ monogram. Overstruck; traces of undertype visible behind head on obverse and at 3-4 o’clock on reverse edge. Price 1082. Posthumous issue. Beautifully struck on an immense flan. Mint State $650 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Ken Dorney, December 1999. 

115. Macedonian Kingdom. Alexander III The Great. 336-323 BC. Tetradrachm, 17.20g (4h). “Amphipolis,” c. 323-320 BC. Obv: Head of Heracles right, wearing lion-skin headdress. Rx: ΒΑΣΙΛ - ΕΩΣ - AΛEΞANΔPOY Zeus seated left holding eagle and scepter; Phrygian helmet in left field. Price 112. Flan crack at 6:00 on reverse. Mint State. $1,000 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Calgary Coin, March 1999.  30

118. Alexander III The Great. Tetradrachm, 17.16g (12h). Tyre, c. 305-290 BC. Obv: Head of Heracles right wearing lion-skin headdress. Rx: AΛEΞANΔPOY Zeus seated left holding eagle and scepter; monogram in circle in left field, another monogram in circle under throne. Price 3538. Mint


State

$750

‘Antigoneia’ Mint

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Alex Malloy, November 1999.

119. Alexander III The Great. Tetradrachm, 17.30g (4h). Tyre, c. 305-290 BC. Obv: Head of Heracles right wearing lion-skin headdress. Rx: AΛEΞANΔPOY Zeus seated left holding eagle and scepter; monogram in circle in left field, another monogram in circle under throne. Price 3540. Mint State $1,000 NGC 4625015-005. 

120. Alexander III The Great. Stater, 8.55g (1h). Memphis, c. 332-323 BC. Obv: Helmeted head of Athena right. Rx: AΛEΞANΔPOY Nike standing left holding wreath and ship’s mast, without symbols. Price 3361a, pl. XIV (same obv. die). Slight double image on plume and top of helmet. Mint State $2,500 NGC 4624985-001. Ex Berk 151, 1 November 2006, lot 12. 

Enlargement

121. Alexander III The Great. Tetradrachm, 16.36g (12h). ‘Antigoneia’, c. 305-300 BC. Obv: Head of Heracles right, wearing skin of lion’s head with mane. Rx: AΛEΞANΔPOY Zeus seated left holding eagle and scepter, X in left field, Φ under seat. Price 3192. WSM p. 84, 2, pl. XIV.4 (same obv. die). SC 28.1a. Very rare: this small issue of Alexander tetradrachms comes from only two obverse dies. aEF $300 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection.  Newell attributed this small issue to Antigoneia, a city founded by Antigonus in 306 BC, but abandoned just five years later. For stylistic reasons Price would prefer an attribution to Seleuceia Pieria or Seleuceia ad Tigrum, under the rule of Seleucus I.

122. Macedonian Kingdom. Philip III. 323-317 BC. Stater, 8.57g (3h). Babylon. Obv: Head of Athena right, wearing helmet decorated with coiled serpent. Rx: BA - ΣIΛEΩ[Σ] / ΦIΛIΠΠΟΥ Nike standing left holding wreath and stylis, ΛY in lower left field, M in lower right field. Price P178. Near Mint State $1,800

123. Celtic Imitation. After Philip III. c. 3rd Century BC. Tetradrachm, 16.99g (9h). Obv: Alexander as Hercules. Rx: Zeus seated left holding eagle, with symbols under throne and in left field. CCCBM I 185. Göbl, OTA 579, Pl. 4.4, same obverse die as 4 & 7. Extremely interesting Celtic imitation of a Philip III tetradrachm. Mint State $750 31


Extremely Rare Issue

Poseidon Victorious Reverse

124. Macedonian Kingdom. Antigonus Gonatas. 277239 BC. Tetradrachm, 17.06g (12h). Chalcis in Euboea, after 263 BC. Obv: Macedonian shield with head of Pan and club in center. Rx: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩ[Σ] / ΑΝΤΙΓΟΝΟΥ Athena Alkis attackng left with thunderbolt and shield, X in lower left field. ImhoofBlumer pl. D, 13v (same obv. die). Cf. Merker p. 46 var. (with additional monogram). Extremely rare issue. Toned EF $1,250

126. Demetrius Poliorcetes. Tetradrachm, 17.16g (1h). Uncertain Macedonia, c. 290 BC. Obv: Diademed head of king right with bull’s horns. Rx: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΔΗΜΗΤΡΙΟΥ Poseidon seated left on rock, holding aphlaston in outstretched right hand and trident in raised left hand; monograms in inner fields. Newell 100. Powerful portrait of king wearing royal horn and diadem. Near Mint State $1,500

A very rare variety with X in the left reverse field rather than the usual Macedonian helmet. I.L. Merker discusses this variety in some detail on p. 46 of “The Silver Coinage of Antigonos Gonatas and Antigonos Doson” in MN 9 (1960). Merker knows only two dies marked by reverse X and suggests that such coins were struck in Chalcis in Euboea rather than Amphipolis or Pella, the source of the great majority of these tetradrachms. Merker’s article unfortunately lacks plates, so the present coin cannot be directly compared to his two X dies. Our coin is however apparently unpublished, as both of Merker’s dies also have a monogram in the right field of the reverse, a detail lacking on the present coin. Merker also notes the distinctive goatskin tied around Pan’s neck (rather than the simple band found on the vast majority of specimens), though he overlooks another anomalous detail of our coin, namely the simple club behind Pan’s head, in place of the usual curved lagobolon.

Ex Berk 128, 29 August 2002, lot 82. Poseidon hurling a trident is the common type of Demetrius’ tetradrachm reverses, symbolizing the king’s deeds during the war against the Ptolemaic navy in the Aegean. Much less frequent is the type of the victorious god, sitting relaxed at the seashore with the trophies of war. Newell was certainly right in suggesting that this type might belong to a later stage of Demetrius’ life when he was struggling in mainland Greece with Sparta, Thebes, and his rivals for the throne of Macedon, Alexander V and Pyrrhos.

Enlargement

125. Macedonian Kingdom, Demetrius Poliorcetes. 306283 BC. Tetradrachm, 17.11g (4h). Pella, 298-295 BC. Obv: Nike standing left on prow left, blowing trumpet and holding stylus. Rx: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΔΗΜΗΤΡΙΟΥ Poseidon advancing left, with chlamys on left arm, brandishing trident; in left field, monogram; in right field, star. Newell 68. Struck from beautifully made dies. Lustrous Mint State $1,600 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection.  32

127. Demetrius Poliorcetes. Tetradrachm, 17.33g (3h). Amphipolis, c. 289-288 BC. Obv: Diademed head of Demetrius right, with bull’s horns. Rx: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΔΗΜΗΤΡΙΟΥ Poseidon standing left, right foot on rock, holding vertical trident, resting right arm on


knee; monograms in outer left and right fields. Newell 124. Sharply struck. Excellent portrait. Poseidon in high relief on reverse. Near Mint State/Mint State $1,500 NGC 4625019-012.

128. Macedonian Kingdom. Perseus. 179-168 BC. Tetradrachm, 15.62g (12h) , c. 171-168 BC. Obv: Diademed head of king right. Rx: ΒΑΣΙ -ΛΕΩΣ ΠΕΡ ΣΕΩΣ Eagle with raised wings standing right on thunderbolt, ΘE monogram above head, AV monogram between legs, ΛY monogram in right field, all within oak wreath; below, plow right. A. Mamroth, ZfN 38, 1928, p. 24, 19b. Toned Near Mint State $750

131. Kingdom of Paeonia, Lycceius. c. 359-340 BC. Tetradrachm, 12.76g (4h). Obv: Laureate head of Zeus right. Rx: [ΛY]K - KEIO[Y] Herakles standing left fighting with lion, grasping its neck and about to strike it with [club]; bow and quiver in lower right field. Sear 1518. Lustrous. Slight doublestrike on hair of Zeus. Mint State. $800 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Acquired from Ken Dorny, June 1998. 

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Pegasi 32, May 2015, lot 96. This series financed Perseus’ war against the Romans, which ended when Aemilius Paullus defeated him at Pydna in 168 BC.

129. Macedonia, Bottiaian District. 187-168 BC. Tetrobol, 2.34g. Obv: Macedonian shield, in center star with four curved rays within double linear circle. Rx: Stern of galley right, inscribed BOTTEATΩN; below, ΘE. Cf. AMNG 28, pl. XII.14. Choice EF $300

132. Kingdom of Paeonia. Patraus. 335-315 BC. Tetradrachm, 12.38g (2h). Obv: Laureate head of Apollo right. Rx: Π - [ΟΑP] - ΤΑΥ (sic, for ΠATPOY) Warrior on horse rearing right, spearing enemy holding spear and shield, falling backwards before horse. Sear 1520. Cf. Paeonian Hoard 445. Toned Mint State. $400 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 139, 4 August 2004, lot 116; said to be ex Sotheby’s 1969 sale of the Paeonian Hoard. 

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Pegasi 34, June 2016, lot 85.

130. Macedonian Kingdom, Regional Issues. c. 185-168 BC. Tetrobol, 2.42g (2h). Obv: Macedonian shield; at center, club between MA / KE. Rx: Macedonian helmet left, surrounded by three monograms and tripod. SNG Ashmolean 3279. Mint State $200

133. Thrace. Abdera. c. 400 BC. Tetrobol, 2.76g (8h). Obv: Griffin springing left off short base, forepaws raised. Rx: Laureate head of Apollo left, ΠPΩTHΣ above, ivy leaf before chin, all within square linear frame and oval incuse. May obv. die A.241, new rev. die with ivy leaf, like P.280. aEF $300

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Pegasi, August 2014.

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Alex Malloy, November 1999. 33


Enlargement

134. Thrace, Ainos. c. 408/7-407/6 BC. Diobol, 1.45g (7h). Obv: Head of Hermes right wearing petasos. Rx: [A]INI Goat walking right, crab below. May Group XXXIV. Top of goat’s head off flan. Toned EF $300 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Pegasi, November 2015. 

137. Thrace, Maroneia. c. 410-385 BC, magistrate Ebesas. Tetradrachm, 12.67g (12h). Obv: Horse prancing left, astragalos above. Rx: HB - H - ΣA - Σ and cockleshell around four sides of linear square, vine with four bunches of grapes within square. Schönert-Geiss 163 var. Same obv. die as M & M Deutschland 37, 23 November 2012, lot 5. Near Mint State $750 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex CNG 51, 15 September 1999, lot 230. 

34

135. Danubian District, Callatis. 3rd-2nd cent. BC. Drachm, 4.19g (12h). Obv: Head of Heracles right wearing skin of lion’s head with mane. Rx: KAΛΛATIA between monogram (off flan), wheat ear and club on left, and bow in bowcase on right. SNG BM Black Sea 201 var. Sear 1659 var. Rare: only seven specimens of all varieties listed by AMNG, all with legend KAΛΛA or KAΛΛATI, none with KAΛΛATIA as on our coin. Mint State $250

138. Thrace, Maroneia. c. 400-350 BC, magistrate Chorego. Tetradrachm, 11.41g (10h). Obv: Horse prancing left, tail raised, with loose rein. Rx: ΕΠΙ - ΧΟP - ΗΓ - Ο and fly around four sides of linear square, vine with four bunches of grapes within square. Schönert-Geiss 439. SNG Copenhagen 606 (same dies). EF $600

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Pegasi 34, June 2016, lot 74.

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Pegasi, November 1999.

136. Thrace, Maroneia. c. 411-397 BC. Tetradrachm, 12.82g (10h). Obv: Horse galloping left; head of satyr left above. Rx: Grape arbor and magistrate’s name in linear square; ethnic around square. Schönert-Geiss 158 var. Near Mint State $750

139. Thrace, Maroneia. c. 385-360 BC, magistrate Philonikos. Tetradrachm, 10.81g (3h). Obv: Horse prancing right. Rx: EΠI - ΦIΛ - ONI - KOY around four sides of linear square, vine with four bunches of grapes within square. Schönert-Geiss 486. Same dies as Lanz 117, 2003, lot 163. Toned Near Mint State $600

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex CNG 51, 15 September 1999, lot 229.

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Pegasi 32, May 2015, lot 61.


Enlargement

140. Thrace. Thasos. c. 400-360. Trihemiobol, 0.84g (5h). Obv: Satyr running right, carrying kantharos. Rx: ΘΑ[Σ] - ΙΩΝ Volute crater. BM 58. SNG Oxford 3675. EF $100 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Pegasi, May 2005. 

143. Brutus, Callatis, Civil War, 44-42 BC. Restoring types of Lysimachus. Stater, 8.26g (12h). Obv: Diademed head of Alexander III right with horn of Ammon. Rx: ΛYΣIMAXOY - BAΣIΛEΩΣ Athena seated left holding Nike and transverse scepter, shield behind seat, trident flanked by dolphins in exergue, mintmark KAΛ on throne, HPO (HP ligate) below Athena’s outstretched right arm. Sear 1661. Mint State $600 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 113, 14 March 2000, lot 27. 

141. Thrace. Thasos. 158-146 BC, or later. Tetradrachm, 16.92g (12h). Obv: Head of Dionysus right, wearing ivy wreath. Rx: ΗΡΑΚΛΕΟΥΣ - ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ - ΘΑΣΙΩΝ Heracles standing left, holding club that rests on ground and lion’s skin; in inner left field, monogram. SNG Copenhagen 1040. This issue goes all the way from Hellenistic beauty to Celtic imitations. This coin is near the middle, leaning toward Hellenistic. Somewhat odd obverse struck in high relief with Hercules in Greek style on reverse. Lustrous Mint State/VF $300 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Acquired in July 1999. 

144. Danubian District. Istrus. 4th cent. BC. Drachm, 5.68g. Obv: Two frontal male heads, the one on left inverted. Rx: ΙΣΤΡΙΗ Sea eagle standing right on dolphin, attacking the dolphin’s head with its beak; below, ΔI. SNG BM Black Sea 251. AMNG 440 (2 spec.). Rare reverse type variant with eagle and dolphin facing right rather than left. Choice EF $300 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 156, 23 October 2007, lot 99. 

142. Brutus, Tomis, Civil War, 44-42 BC. Restoring types of Lysimachus. Stater, 8.29g (12h). Obv: Diademed head of Alexander III right with horn of Ammon. Rx: ΛYΣIMAXOY - BAΣIΛEΩΣ Athena seated left holding Nike and transverse scepter, shield behind seat, trident flanked by dolphins in exergue, mintmark TO on throne, ΔIO below Athena’s outstretched right arm. Sear 1708. Mint State $600

145. Koson. 44-43 BC. Gold stater, 8.35g (12h). Obv: Roman consul walking left, accompanied by two lictors fore and aft, AP monogram before, ΚΟΣΩΝ in exergue. Rx: Eagle with spread wings standing left on scepter, clutching laurel wreath in right talon. RPC 1701. Struck on a broad flan. Magnificent quality. Exceptional Mint State $650

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Teaparty, November 1999.

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 105, 17 November 1998, lot 10. 35


146. Kingdom of Thrace. Seuthes III. c. 323-316 BC. AE 14-15, 3.16g (5h). Obv: Eagle with folded wings standing right. Rx: ΣEY / ΘOY in two lines in wreath of grain stalks with two ears at top. SNG Stancomb 292. Youroukova 97. Choice EF $100 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Pegasi, October 2003. 

148. Lysimachus. Tetradrachm, 16.92g (7h). Pergamum. Obv: Diademed head of Alexander the Great with Ammon horn right. Rx: Athena enthroned left, holding Nike and resting left elbow on shield decorated with lion’s head, spear resting to her right; ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ to right, ΛΥΣΙΜΑΞΟΥ crowned by Nike to left, thyrsus in outer left field, monograms in inner left field and exergue. Triton VI, 14 January 2003, lot 234 (same dies). Not in Thompson. Flat strike on hair above forehead. Toned Mint State $600 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Pegasi, November 1999. 

147. Kingdom of Thrace. Lysimachus. 305-281 BC. Tetradrachm, 17.24g (11h). Lampsacus, 297/6282/1 BC. Obv: Diademed head of Alexander the Great right, with horn of Ammon. Rx: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΛΥΣΙΜΑΧΟΥ Athena enthroned left, left arm resting on round shield, diagonal spear at side, holding Nike who is crowning the name of the king; monogram in inner left field, apluster in outer left field. Thompson 48. Müller 356. Superb portrait of Alexander. Mint State $2,000 NGC 4625019-013. 

149. Lysimachus. Drachm, 4.26g (11h). Ephesus, 294-287 BC. Obv: Diademed head of the deified Alexander the Great right, with horn of Ammon. Rx: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ / ΛΥΣΙΜΑΧΟΥ Athena enthroned left holding Nike in right hand and leaning left elbow on shield, kithara (lyre) in inner left field, A on throne. Thompson 174. VF $200 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Pegasi 34, June 2016, lot 83. 

Enlargement

36

150. Lysimachus. Tetradrachm, 15.78g (11h). Byzantium, c. 80-76 BC. Obv: Diademed head of Alexander the Great right, with the horn of Ammon. Rx: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩ[Σ] - ΛΥΣΙΜΑΧΟΥ Athena enthroned left, left arm resting on round shield, diagonal spear at side, holding Nike who is crowning the name of the king; mintmark BY on throne; monogram in inner left field;


trident decorated with dolphins in exergue. Müller 192. Callatay, Group 4, pp. 127-8. Extremely interesting and unusual portrait of Alexander typical of issues of Byzantium. Good toned VF $300 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Acquired in January 1998. Lorber 8.2a, This Coin

151. Thessaly. Larissa. c. 400-380 BC. Drachm, 6.15g (4h). Obv. Three-quarter facing head of nymph Larissa, with ampyx and floating hair, signed ΣIMO above (weak). Rx: ΛΑΡI Horse grazing right. Lorber pp. 265 and 276, 8.2a (this coin), obv. die 8. Beautifully centered and struck, lustrous drachm of Larissa. This coin is one of the experimental issues catalogued by Lorber. Slight iridescent toning. Mint State $750 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 132, 14 May 2003, lot 115. 

152. Thessaly. Pharsalus. c. 350 BC. Hemidrachm, 2.88g (6h). Obv: Helmeted head of Athena left, wearing pearl necklace, pendant earring, and crested Attic helmet with raised cheek guard, A behind neck. Rx: Φ-ΑΡ-Σ Horse’s head right. Lavva 161. Extremely artistic issue, especially the magnificent horse’s head on the reverse. Iridescent toning. Virtually Mint State $300

Enlargement

153. Thessaly, Pherae. c. 462/1-460 BC. Obol, 0.88g (9h). Obv: Head and neck of bull left, head facing; above, dolphin left. Rx: Head and neck of bridled horse left, ΦE - [PA] around, all within incuse square. BCD Thessaly II, 657. Obverse in high relief. VF $250 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 194, 9 July 2015, lot 87. 

154. Thessaly, Scotussa. c. 450-400 BC. Drachm, 6.12g (9h). Obv: Forepart of horse galloping left. Rx: Germinating grain ear, ΣK on left, O on right. BCD 729 (same dies). VF $400 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Pegasi 28, June 2013, lot 115. 

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Enlargement

155. Thessaly, Thessalian League. c. 480-460 BC. Hemidrachm, 2.79g (11h). Obv: Forepart of horse left with grass in mouth. Rx: ΘE - TA Grain ear in husk, all in incuse square. BCD 14.1. VF $250 Enlargement

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Pegasi 32, May 2015, lot 108.

37


Enlargement

156. Thessalonica. Aesillas. Quaestor. c. 90-70 BC. Tetradrachm, 16.39g (12h). Obv: ΜΑΚΕΔΟΝΩΝ Head of Alexander the Great right, with horn of Ammon; behind head, Θ. Rx: Vertical club, flanked by cista and quaestor’s sella; above, AESILLAS and Q; all within laurel wreath. SNG Fitzwilliam 2348 (same dies). Fischer O12/R25. This a very common issue, but rarely found in such a beautiful example. Struck in high relief with complete legend below head of Alexander. Slight porosity on reverse edge from 4:006:00, otherwise Mint State. $600 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Acquired from CNG, September 1999. 

159. Boeotia, Tanagra. Early-mid 4th century BC. Obol, 0.95g (12h). Obv: Boeotian shield. Rx: Τ-Α Forepart of horse right. BCD 290. SNG Copenhagen 225. VF $250 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 155, 31 July 2007, lot 102. 

160. Boeotia, Thebes. 395-338 BC. Stater, 12.12g (12h). Obv: Boeotian shield. Rx: Amphora; ΔA to left, MO to right, Κ - Λ across field. BCD 578. EF $400 NGC 4625017-013. 

Enlargement

157. Boeotia, Orchomenus. c. 400-364 BC. Hemiobol, 0.43g (11h). Obv: Half sprouting grain of wheat; in field, ivy leaf. Rx: E - R Wheat ear. BMC 31 pl. VIII, 14. SNG Delepierre 1334. BCD 211. Obverse struck in high relief. Some minor porosity. EF/Good VF $300 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 175, 7 July 2011, lot 132. 

161. Euboea, Euboean League. c. 304-290 BC. Drachm, 3.39g (11h). Obv: Head of nymph Euboea right. Rx: EY Cow’s head and neck three-quarter face to right, fillet hanging from each horn. Wallace 101 (dies XLV/57), pl. X. Sear 2466 var. Some luster. Choice EF $300 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex CNG 70, 21 September 2005, lot 175 (“Ex BCD Collection (not in Lanz sale); W.P. Wallace Collection”). 

158. Boeotia, Tanagra. 479-475 BC. Drachm, 5.37g. Obv: Boeotian shield, with T in one side-opening. Rx: Incuse square with Maltese cross pattern in relief, two T’s in alternate incuse divisions. BCD 250. SNG Copenhagen 217. Sear 1808 var. VF $1,750 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Acquired in April 2007.  38

162. Locris, Locri Opuntii. c. 370-360 BC. Stater, 11.97g (1h). Obv: Head of Persephone left, wearing triple ear pendant, and necklace. Rx: ΟΠΟΝΤΙΩ-Ν Ajax advancing right over rocks, nude but for crested


Corinthian helmet, holding short sword and large shield decorated with serpent between his legs, small round shield. SNG Copenhagen 47. Toned. Obverse struck in high relief. aEF $3,000

$9,000

Athena’s neck. Good VF/EF

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from CNG in March 2015.

Enlargement Enlargement

163. Corcyra, Corcyra. c. 4th cent. BC. Triobol, 2.41g Obv: Amphora with bunch of grapes hanging from each handle. Rx: Eight-rayed star with K - O in between rays. SNG Copenhagen 158 var. (legend K O - P). EF $300 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 190, 29 May 2014, lot 57. 

Civic Mint Tetradrachm

164. Attica, Athens. c. 520-500 BC, “Civic Mint”. Tetradrachm, 16.96g (3h). Obv: Helmeted head of Athena right. Rx: Owl standing right, head front; olive sprig at upper left, ΑΘΕ downwards on right, all in incuse square. Not in Seltman or Svoronos. This is one of the trial coins minted by the Athenians in the short period from 520-500 BC where they were experimenting to see what design they wanted to use for future tetradrachms. Some encrustation at the bottom of

165. Attica, Athens. c. 470s-460s BC. Tetradrachm, 15.29g (9h). Obv: Helmeted head of Athena right. Rx: ΑΘΕ Owl standing right, head front, olive sprig and crescent behind. Starr Group IV, 122 (same dies). These coins were minted when Athens did not have much silver and fall into the classification of Starr Groups I-IV. aVF/VF $350

Enlargement

166. Attica, Athens. After 449 BC. Obol, 0.68g (11h). Obv: Helmeted head of Athena right. Rx: ΑΘΕ Owl standing right, head front, olive twig in upper left field, all within incuse square. SNG Copenhagen 53 ff. EF $200 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex CNG 58, 19 September 2001, lot 494.  39


Athenian Type

167. Attica, Athens. c. 435 BC. Tetradrachm, 16.94g (7h). Obv: Helmeted head of Athena right. Rx: Owl standing right, head facing, olive leaves and crescent behind, AΘE downwards before. Exquisite quality. Beautifully struck. Mint State $1,500

170. Athenian Type, Asia Minor, 4th cent. BC? Tetradrachm, 17.07g (9h). Obv: Helmeted head of Athena right. Rx: ΑΘΕ Owl standing right, head front, olive twig and crescent in upper left field, all within incuse square. Cf. SNG Copenhagen 108. This tetradrachm shows that people around the world knew that Athenian tetradrachms were a standard issue of money, thus coins like this were minted outside of Athens at Athenian weight and passed as currency even though they were not Athenian issues. EF $500 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Acquired from Alex Malloy, May 2002. 

Enlargement

168. Attica, Athens. c. 430 BC. Tetradrachm, 17.11g (8h). Obv: Helmeted head of Athena right. Rx: Owl standing right, head facing, olive sprig and crescent behind, AΘE downwards before. Near Mint State $1,000 NGC 4625017-007. 

171. Attica, Athens. c. 111/0 BC. New Style, Tetradrachm, 16.61g (12h). Obv: Helmeted head of Athena right. Rx: Owl standing right, head front, on Panathenaic amphora; to right Demeter standing holding two torches, legend across field Α - ΘΕ / ΦANO - KΛHΣ / AΠOΛ / ΛΩNIΟΣ (ΟΣ written on owl’s wing) / BAK / XIOΣ, E on amphora, ME below; all within olive wreath. Thompson 701d-e var. (there Δ on amphora). EF/aEF $500 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Time Machine, October 1999. 

169. Attica, Athens. c. 264-7 AD. AE 20-22, 6.46g (3h). Obv: Helmeted bust of Athena left holding spear and shield, the shield ornamented with facing Medusa head. Rx: AΘHN - A - [IΩN] Athena advancing right, looking back, extending right arm behind her and holding shield and spear with left. Kroll 312. Bronze coins of Athens are far rarer than the tetradrachms, especially in such fine quality. EF $300 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Pegasi, August 2005.  40

172. Attica, Aegina. c. 480-446 BC. Stater, 12.08g Obv: Sea turtle, the ridge of its shell ornamented with a row of dots and two smaller additional dots at the front (T-back). Rx: Incuse square divided into five compartments. Milbank pl. I, 13. Sear 2594. Small mark on


right side of top of shell. Beautifully centered. High relief. EF $2,500 NGC 4625019-017. Ex Berk 153, 13 March 2007, lot 168. 175. Acarnania, Leucas. c. 350-330 BC. Stater, 8.64g (2h). Obv: Pegasus flying left with pointed wing, Λ below. Rx: Head of Athena left wearing Corinthian helmet over leather cap; API and anchor behind. Calciati 146. Head of Pegasus slightly flatly struck. Virtually Mint State $400

Enlargement

173. Corinthia, Corinth. c. 400-350 BC. Stater, 8.40g (12h). Obv: Pegasus, with pointed wing, flying left; beneath, koppa. Rx: Head of Athena left, wearing Corinthian helmet; above, dolphin swimming left; behind, Σ. BM 386. Beautifully struck. Natural dark patination. EF $300 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. 

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 185, 9 July 2013, lot 117.

176. Acarnania, Argos Amphilochicum. c. 325-300 BC. Stater, 8.36g (8h). Obv: Pegasus flying left with pointed wing, A below. Rx: Head of Athena left wearing Corinthian helmet over leather cap; crested helmet left behind, APΓEI above. Calciati 11. BM 9. Toned Near Mint State $350 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased in Lyons, France, November 2008. 

Beautifully Toned Sicyon Stater

174. Corinthia, Corinth. 345-307 BC. Stater, 8.52g (12h). Obv: Pegasus, with pointed wing, flying left; beneath, koppa. Rx: Head of Athena left, wearing Corinthian helmet; behind, Thessalian helmet; below chin, A. Calciati 402. EF $350 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. 

177. Sicyonia, Sicyon. c. 340-330 BC. Stater, 12.26g (8h). Obv: Chimera stepping left, ΣΕ below, wreath above. Rx: Dove flying left, I before; all within olive wreath. BCD 227. BMC 56. Traité 775. EF $1,000 NGC 4625019-018. Ex Berk 153, 13 March 2007, lot 174. 

41


178. Sicyonia, Sicyon. 1st cent. BC. Hemidrachm, 2.30g (10h). Obv: Dove flying left, Θ above tail. Rx: Large Σ, ΠO / Λ - V / KPA above, across field, and below. BCD 340.2. BM 199. Mint State $300 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Acquired from Pegasi, November 1999. 

179. Argolis, Argos. 5th cent. BC. Trihemiobol, 2.89g (5h). Obv: Forepart of wolf at bay to left. Rx: A in incuse square. BCD 1025. BM 3. Struck in high relief as usual. aVF $200 Ex Philip T Ashton Collection. Ex Pegasi 34, June 2016, lot 144. 

180. Argolis, Argos. c. 260-250 BC. Trihemiobol, 1.11g (6h). Obv: Wolf standing left, Θ above. Rx: Corinthian helmet left, ΔΕ below. BM 88. BCD 1106. EF $400 Ex Berk 185, 9 July 2013, lot 97. 

Obv: Forepart of wolf at bay to left. Rx: A in incuse square, eagle standing right below, I - E / P - Ω / ΝΟ Σ in three lines across field. BCD 1177. BM 114. good VF $175 Ex Philip T Ashton Collection. Purchased from Pegasi, November 2016. Excessively Rare

183. Arcadia, Stymphalus. c. 350 BC. Stater, 11.85g (12h). Obv: Laureate head of Artemis right, hair tied in knot at top of head, wearing pearl necklace and earring comprised of rosette, crescent, and five pendants. Rx: [ΣΤΥΜ]ΦΑΛΙΩΝ Heracles striding left, nude but for lionskin wrapped around his left arm, club in his right hand raised above his head; between his legs magistrate’s initials TY. Cf. BCD 1704-5. Cf. Boston 1269. Cf. Kraay-Hirmer 514. Cf. Kraay 320. (All with ΣO on reverse rather than TY). This coin is extremely rare with probably less than ten tetradrachms recorded, mostly in this grade or slightly better. VF $4,000 Ex New York Sale II, 2 December 1999, lot 91. Ex Burgan Mail Bid 16, Paris, 1983, lot 214. Ex Hess-Leu 45, 12-13 May 1970, lot 207 (described as “äusserst selten” = “extremely rare”; hammer price 7250 CH).  Extremely rare issue; apparently unique with this magistrate.

181. Argolis, Argos. c. 260s-250s BC. Trihemiobol, 1.15g (5h). Obv: Wolf standing left at bay, Θ above. Rx: Corinthian helmet left, Π - Y across field. BCD 1114. BM 86. EF $250 Ex Phiip T Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 168, 16 March 2010, lot 127; ex CNG 81, 20 May 2009, lot 2449; ex BCD Collection (not in catalogue).  Enlargement

182. Argolis, Argos. c. 90-50 BC. Triobol, 2.44g (9h). 42


184. Crete, Polyrhenium. c. 330-270 BC. Drachm, 6.07g (11h). Obv: ΠOΛ - YPHN - IΩN Bull’s head facing, bound with fillet. Rx: ΠOΛY - PHNI to left and right of spearhead. BM 11. Sear 3351 var. Mint State $500

Enlargement

188. Bithynia, Cius. c. 350-300 BC. Hemidrachm, 2.51g (3h). Obv: Laureate head of Apollo right, K[IA] below. Rx: Prow left, ΑΘΗΝ[O] above, ΔΩPOΣ below, grain ear to right. RG 3, pl. XLIX.10 var. Mint State $200 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from CNG, May 2003. 

185. Pontus, Amisus. c. 400 BC. Drachm, 5.66g (2h). Obv: Head of Hera left, wearing decorated stephane, earrings, and necklace. Rx: Owl with raised wings standing front on shield, Π[EIPA] in exergue (off flan), ΑΦ - PO across field. SNG BM Black Sea 1059. Toned aEF $250 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Alex Malloy, December 1999. 

186. Paphlagonia, Sinope. c. 490-425 BC. Drachm, 5.98g Obv: Eagle head left; beneath, small dolphin to left (off flan). Rx: Quadripartite incuse square, two alternate compartments filled, the two others stippled and with pellet. SNG BM Black Sea 1361. High relief. VF $200

Enlargement

189. Bithynia, Cius. c. 350-300 BC. Hemidrachm, 2.50g (3h). Obv: Laureate head of Apollo right, KI[A] below. Rx: Prow left, ornamented with star; BAK above, XEYΣ below. RG 3, pl. XLIX.11. Mint State $200 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from CNG, May 2003. 

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 141, 5 January 2005, lot 110.

187. Bithynia, Calchedon. Early 4th cent. BC. Drachm, 5.34g Obv: XAΛ[X] Bull standing left on ear of wheat. Rx: Incuse square of mill-sail pattern. BM 4. Sear 3738. Mint State $300

190. Bithynian Kingdom. Nicomedes IV. Year 207 = 91/0 BC. Tetradrachm, 16.48g (12h). Obv: Diademed head of Nicomedes II right. Rx: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΕΠΙΦΑΝΟΥΣ / ΝΙΚΟΜΗΔΟΥ Zeus standing left, holding out wreath over royal name in right hand, scepter in left; in inner left field, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, ΠAP monogram, and date ZΣ. BM 3. Sear 7276. Natural dark toning. Obverse softly struck. Mint State $550

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from CNG in May 2003.

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Simmons, London, July 2000. 43


Enlargement

191. Mysia, Cyzicus. c. 600-550 BC. EL Hemihecton (1/12 stater), 1.33g. Obv: Fox with [raised tail] standing left on tuna facing right, apparently biting the fish’s tail. Rx: Quadripartite incuse square. Fritze 35, pl. I.36. aEF $350 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 183, 28 March 2013, lot 3. 

194. Mysia, Pergamum. c. 166-67 BC. Cistophoric Tetradrachm, 12.20g (12h). Obv: Serpent emerging left from cista mystica with partially raised lid, all within ivy wreath. Rx: Bow in case between two coiled serpents with linked tails; snake-entwined staff to right, ΠEPΓ monogram to left, AΣ above ΠPY monogram at top. Kleiner, Late Cistophori of Pergamum, ANSMN 23, 1978, no. 29. Mint State$250

Chimera

Enlargement

192. Mysia, Cyzicus. c.550-500 BC. EL Hemihecton (1/12 stater), 1.37g (1h). Obv: Chimera left on tunny fish left, forelegs extended in semi-crouch. Rx: Quadripartite incuse square. Unpublished in the standard references; a similar piece appeared in NFA XX, 9 March 1988, lot 709. For the general type, cf. von Fritze 97, pl. III, 16 (stater) and Rosen Collection 473 (hecte). VF $300 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 194, 9 July 2015, lot 13. 

193. Mysia, Parium. 4th century BC. Hemidrachm, 2.50g (11h). Obv: ΠΑ/ΡΙ. Cow standing left, head reverted. Rx: Gorgoneion facing, tongue protruding; around, six serpents. SNG Aulock 1319. SNG Paris 1357. Mint State $300 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Gemini V, 6 January 2009, lot 603.  44

195. Mysia, Pergamum. c. 92-88 BC. Cistophoric Tetradrachm, 12.59g (11h). Obv: Serpent emerging left from cista mystica with partially raised lid, all within ivy wreath. Rx: Bow in case between two coiled serpents with linked tails; snake-entwined staff to right, ΠEPΓ monogram to left, ΔH above ΠPY monogram at top. Kleiner, Late Cistophori of Pergamum, ANSMN 23, 1978, no. 31. SNG Aulock 7476. Mint State $400 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Heritage, CICF Signature Sale 3046, 14 April 2016, lot 31112 (NGC 3815854-004).  Exquisite Style

196. Aeolis, Cyme. c. 155-145 BC. Tetradrachm, 16.78g (1h). Obv: Head of Amazon Cyme right, wearing taenia. Rx: ΚYMAIΩN ΚAΛΛIAΣ Horse prancing right; below, one-handled cup; all within laurel wreath. J.H. Oakley, ANSMN 27 (1982), p. 4, obverse die 22. Although these coins have become rather com-


mon since the 1970s, it is hard to find this early issue in better than VF. This coin is not only exceptionally beautiful, but extremely high grade. Mint State $750 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 139, 4 August 2004, lot 161.

standard stater, 0.22g (6h). Obv: Bee or wasp with open wings. Rx: Pellet between two crescents or horns; all within shallow incuse. Unpublished in standard references; apparently unique. While this coin is virtually no bigger than a grain of rice, it is struck in relatively high relief from a slightly worn obverse die and a very sharp reverse die. VF/EF $500 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection.

197. Aeolis, Myrina. c. 155-145 BC. Tetradrachm, 16.53g (12h). Obv: Laureate head of Apollo right, with three loose plaits of hair falling behind neck. Rx: ΜΥΡΙΝΑΙΩΝ Apollo of Gryneion standing right, holding patera in right hand and laurel branch with two fillets in left; at feet, omphalos and amphora; in left field, monogram; all in laurel wreath. K.S. Sacks, ANSMN 30 (1985), p. 37, Issue 27, no. 46k, pl.13 (same dies). Mint State $750 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. 

Enlargement

198. Ionia, Uncertain Mint. c. 650-600 BC. EL Hekte, 2.40g (12h). Obv: Flattened striated surface. Rx: Rough incuse. Weidauer 6. SNG Kayhan 680 (same punches). Traité I, 12. EF $600 NGC 4625019-014. Ex CNG 67, 22 September 2004, lot 705. 

Enlargement

200. Ionia, Uncertain Mint. c. 600-550 BC. EL Hekte, 2.34g (7h). Obv: Forepart of bridled hose left. Rx: Incuse square with four raised globules. Weidauer 141. Weber 5718. Tip of horse’s nose off flan. Near Mint State. $400 Ex Berk 158, 26 March 2008, lot 1. 

Enlargement

201. Ionia, Chios. 478-431 BC. Tetrobol, 2.47g Obv: Sphinx seated left, amphora before. Rx: Deep quadripartite incuse square, markings in the depressions. Weber 6252. VF $200 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Pegasi 25, March 2015, lot 149. 

Unpublished/Previously Unknown Enlargement

Enlargement

199. Ionia, Uncertain Mint. c. 550 BC. EL 1/48 Milesian

202. Ionia, Clazomenae. c. 5th cent. BC. Diobol, 1.28g. Obv: Forepart of winged boar flying right. Rx: Quadripartite incuse square. Traité I, 489, pl. XII,16. BM 11. Minor porosity. Sharply struck. EF $250 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 171, 27 October 2010, lot 141.  45


203. Ionia, Ephesus. Fifth cent. BC. Drachm, 3.41g Obv: Bee with curling antennae. Rx: Quadripartite incuse square. SNG Aulock 1825. Obverse well centered and in fine style. Mint State $500 NGC 4625017-016. Purchased from Kirk Davis, 15 February 2011.  Rare Ephesus Magistrate

204. Ionia, Ephesus, Thrasymedes, magistrate. c. 370360 BC. Tetradrachm, 15.31g (11h). Obv: Ε - Φ Bee with straight wings. Rx: Forepart of stag right, head turned back; palm tree to left, ΘΡΑΣΥΜΗΔΗΣ to right. Kinns, Pixodaros Hoard (CH IX), O51. SNG Kayhan-. SNG Copenhagen-. SNG Munich-. Sotheby, 6 December 1907, lot 81 (same obverse die). These tetradrachms, especially when well centered like this example, are very beautiful and highly desired by collectors. Good EF $2,000 NGC 4625019-020. 

205. Ionia, Ephesus. c. 258-202 BC. Didrachm, 6.42g (1h). Obv: Draped bust of Artemis right wearing stephane, bow and quiver over shoulder. Rx: Ε - Φ across field, Forepart of stag right, head turned back, to right bee, to left ΔHMOΦΩN downwards. BM 96. Good VF $450 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Pegasi, March 2013. 

206. Ionia, Miletos. Period V, c. 225-195 BC, Drachm, 4.75g (12h). Obv: Laureate head of Apollo right, with knot in hair. Rx: Lion standing right, looking back, star in field above him, MOI and MI monogram before him, [BI]Ω[N] in exergue. Cf. NAC 72, 16 May 2013, lot 915 (without knot in Apollo’s hair). Cf. DeppertLippitz 674 = BMC 119 (Hemidrachm). This exact variety probably unpublished. EF $250 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Pegasi in August 2012. 

Enlargement

Enlargement

207. Ionia, Phocaea. c. 521-478 BC. EL Hekte, 2.54g (4h). Obv: Head of ram left, seal left below. Rx: Fourpart incuse square. Bodenstedt 37. Boston 1896. Near Mint State $500 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 127, 25 June 2002, lot 5. 

46


Enlargement

208. Ionia, Phocaea. c. 521-478 BC. EL Hekte, 2.54g (5h). Obv: Head of Athena left, wearing crested helmet decorated with griffin. Rx: Four-part incuse square. Bodenstedt 91. SNG Aulock 2131. Good VF $400 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Pegasi 34, June 2016, lot 176. 

211. Ionia, Teos. c. 500 BC. Stater, 11.75g Obv: Griffin seated right, jaws open, tongue protruding, left foreleg raised, grape cluster and leaf at lower right. Rx: Quadripartite incuse square. Balcer, SNR 47 (1968), Group VII (obv. die 15), Pl. XII. SNG Aulock 2254. Rare: only ten specimens known to Balcer from this obverse die. Tip of griffin’s beak off flan. Sharply struck. Good EF $600 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Grünow, Berlin, July 2002. 

Enlargement

209. Ionia, Phocaea. c. 387-326 BC. EL Hekte, 2.55g (5h). Obv: Helmeted head of Athena left. Rx: Fourpart incuse square. Bodenstedt 111. Boston 1913. VF $400 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. 

Birthplace of Homer

Enlargement

212. Lesbos, Mytilene. c. 521-478 BC. EL Hekte, 2.50g (6h). Obv: Lion’s head right, with open jaws. Rx: Incuse of calf’s head right. Bodenstedt 13. Good EF $500 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 170, 29 July 2010, lot 4. 

Enlargement

210. Ionia, Smyrna. c. 155-145 BC. Tetradrachm, 16.72g (11h). Obv: Turreted head of Tyche right. Rx: ZΜΥΡΝΑΙΩΝ and monogram within laurel wreath. Milne 145. SNG Aulock 2161. This beautiful tetradrachm was struck at one of the cities that claimed to be the birthplace of Homer. Mint State $3,500 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. 

213. Lesbos, Mytilene. c. 377-326 BC. EL Hekte, 2.50g (6h). Obv: Head of Persephone right, wearing grain wreath and disk earring. Rx: Bull butting left, within square linear frame. Bodenstedt 88. SNG Lockett 2765. Boston 1722. EF $500 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 159, 3 June 2008, lot 5. 

47


Enlargement

Enlargement

214. Lesbos, Mytilene. c. 377-326 BC. EL Hekte, 2.55g (12h). Obv: Head of Persephone right, wearing grain wreath and disk earring. Rx:. Bull butting left, within square linear frame. Bodenstedt 88. SNG Lockett 2765. Boston 1722. Good VF $500 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. 

Facing Silenos Head

Enlargement

215. Lesbos, Mytilene. c. 377-326 BC. EL Hekte, 2.52g (12h). Obv: Head of young Dionysus wearing ivy wreath right. Rx: Facing head of bearded Satyr with pointed ears within square linear frame. Bodenstedt 90. Traité II 2, 2200, pl. 161, 1. Boston 1724. VF $400 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 159, 3 June 2008, lot 6. Ex Freeman & Sear Mail Bid 13, 25 August 2006, lot 737. 

217. Lesbos, Mytilene. c. 377-326 BC. EL Hekte, 2.53g (5h). Obv: Bust of dancing maenad right, head thrown back, hair bound with sphendone, drapery covering left shoulder and breast. Rx: Race torch within linear frame; all within incuse square. Bodenstedt 92. Traité II 2, 2219, pl. 161, 34. Jameson Coll. 1478. aEF $500 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 128, 28 August 2002, lot 26.  The obverse of this lot and the next lot might refer to statues such as the famous dancing maenad by the Parian sculptor Scopas.

Enlargement

218. Lesbos, Mytilene. c. 377-326 BC. EL Hekte, 2.53g (11h). Obv: Bust of dancing maenad right, head thrown back, hair bound with sphendone, drapery covering left shoulder and breast. Rx: Race torch within linear frame; all within incuse square. Bodenstedt 92. Traité II 2, 2219, pl. 161, 34. Jameson Coll. 1478. aEF $400 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 175, 7 July 2011, lot 23. 

Enlargement

48

Enlargement

216. Lesbos, Mytilene. c. 377-326 BC. EL Hekte, 2.57g (7h). Obv: Veiled head of Demeter right, wearing wreath of grain. Rx: Tripod decorated with two fillets hanging at sides; all within square linear frame. Bodenstedt 91. Gulbenkian 885. SNG Aulock 1726. EF $500

219. Lesbos, Mytilene. c. 377-326 BC. EL Hekte, 2.54g (6h). Obv: Laureate head of Apollo right, serpent coiled behind. Rx: Head of Artemis right, her hair in sakkos, within square linear frame. Bodenstedt 100B. VF/EF $350

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection.

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection.


Enlargement

220. Lesbos, Mytilene. c. 377-326 BC. EL Hekte, 2.53g (9h). Obv: Head of young man with horns of Ammon right. Rx: Eagle standing right, head turned back; within square linear frame. Bodenstedt 104. Good VF$500 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 175, 7 July 2011, lot 27. 

223. Lot of three electrum hektai of Mytilene & Phocaea. 1. Mytilene; Boar/Lion; 454-427 BC; 2.48g, 8h, Bodenstedt 41, NGC 3762205-005. 2. Mytilene; Dionysus/Young male; 377-326 BC; 2.55g, 10h, Bodenstedt 81. 3. Phocaea; Female/Incuse; 387-326 BC; 2.53g, 11h; Bodenstedt 102. Good VF $700 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. 

221. Lot of three electrum hektai of Mytilene. c. 377326 BC. 1. Apollo/Calf; 2.56g. 8h; Bodenstedt 56. 2. Muse/Lyre; 2.59g, 10h; Bodenstedt 79. 3. Dionysus/ Satyr; 2.54g, 10h; Bodenstedt 87. Fine to Good VF $600 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. 

224. Caria, Calymna. c. 300-200 BC. Didrachm, 5.96g (6h). Obv: Young male head right, wearing crested Attic helmet. Rx: [ΚΑ]ΛΥΜΝΙΟΝ Cithara within square dotted border. SNG Aulock 2741. SNG Keckman 282 (same obv. die). Some porosity. Toned. Good VF $350 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Gemini XII, 11 January 2015, lot 161; “Purchased from Bill Warden, 1999”. 

222. Lot of three electrum hektai of Mytilene & Phocaea. 1. Mytilene; Ram/Lion; 478-455 BC; 2.52g, 7h, Bodenstedt 27. 2. Mytilene; Cabeiros/Persephone; 377-326 BC; 2.62g, 6h; Bodenstedt 99. 3. Phocaea; Female/Incuse; 387-326 BC; Bodenstedt 102. VF to EF $700 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. 

225. Caria, Cnidus. c. 300-190 BC. Drachm, 3.28g (12h). Obv: Head of Aphrodite right. Rx: Lion’s head right, roaring, paw outstretched, KNI in exergue, magistrate’s name [AY]TOKPATHΣ above and before. Cf. BMC 40 (no KNI in exergue). VF $200 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Pegasi, November 2016.  49


226. Caria, Cnidus. c. 300-190 BC. Drachm, 3.14g (4h). Obv: Head of Aphrodite right, TE monogram behind. Rx: Lion’s head right, roaring, paw outstretched, magistrate’s name TEΛEAΣ above. BMC 46. VF $250 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Pegasi 34, June 2016, lot 183. 

227. Caria, Halicarnassus. 1st cent. BC. Drachm, 4.05g (12h). Obv: Head of Helios facing, without rays. Rx: Bust of Athena right wearing crested helmet; AΛIKAP on left upwards, [NA]ΣΣEΩN on right upwards, ΦA above. Cf. BMC 43-47. Possibly unpublished with magistrate ΦA. Good VF $350 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Heritage, Long Beach Signature Sale 3049, 8 September 2016, lot 32153 (NGC 4253964-016). 

229. Caria, Rhodes. c. 40 BC - 25 AD. Drachm, 4.11g (11h). Obv: Radiate, facing head of Helios, turned slightly to left. Rx: Rose seen from above, between P on left and o on right; below, wheat ear to left. SNG Keckman 738. Cf. BMC 334 = Sear 5068. Exceptionally beautiful for this issue. Rose on reverse pops off the flan. EF/Mint State $500 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Alex Malloy, November 1999. 

230. Caria, Rhodes. c. 88-43 BC. AE 32-36, 20.35g (12h). Obv: Radiate head of Helios facing. Rx: PO above, rose viewed from above, moneyer’s name ΖΗΝΩΝ below, all within oak wreath. SNG Aulock 2842. BMC 343 (see also 342, pl. xli, 3). These broad flan bronze coins of Rhodes are very desirable, though not rare. This particular coin is beautifully centered and very pleasant. VF $350 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Gemini V, 6 January 2009, lot 643. 

228. Caria, Myndus. c. 200-150 BC. Drachm, 3.31g (12h). Obv: Laureate head of Serapis right with atef. Rx: MYNΔΙΩΝ / [C]ΩCTPATOC Headdress of Isis above two wheat ears; in exergue, rose. Göktürk 60-63. Sear 4915 var. This is one of the few Greek coins that shows an Egyptian symbol on the reverse. EF/aEF $300 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. 

50

Enlargement

231. Lycia. Uncertain Dynast. c. 525-480 BC. AR Third, 2.81g Obv: Forepart of boar right. Rx: Incuse square, three sides with lugs, large X at center. Weber 7209. Good VF $350 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Pegasi, November 2015. 


232. Lycia. Uncertain Dynast. c. 500-480 BC. Stater, 9.37g Obv: Forepart of boar left, with symbol on shoulder resembling a Π with curved legs, bearing a circlet attached to a line, like a koppa. Rx: Incuse square with three lugs, an X attached to one lug, a Λ to another. Vismara, Glaux 3, p. 66 ,31, pl. IV. Oddly struck with some areas extremely sharp on the obverse and some somewhat weak. aEF $400

234. Lycia, Masicytes. 42 BC, under BRUTUS. Hemidrachm, 1.71g (12h). Obv: Head of Apollo right, Λ - Y across lower field. Rx: M - A across field, Lyre, filleted branch in lower right field. Troxell 92 (11 spec.). RPC 3302. Sear 5295 var. Mint State $250 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex CNG 58, 19 September 2001, lot 645.  For the attribution of this issue to Brutus after his conquest of Lycia, see note to the preceding lot.

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 171, 27 October 2010, lot 159.

235. Lycia, Oenoanda. 2nd cent. BC. Didrachm, 8.12g (12h). Obv: Laureate head of Zeus right, [B] and lotus scepter behind. Rx: OINOANΔ[E] / WN Eagle standing right on thunderbolt, Γ and grape cluster to right. Ashton, NC 165, 2005, 12 (A4/P8, 23 spec.); Sear 5318 var. Virtually Mint State $500 233. Lycia, Masicytes. 42 BC, under BRUTUS. Hemidrachm, 1.86g (12h). Obv: Head of Apollo right, Λ - Y across lower field. Rx: M - A across field, Lyre, filleted branch in lower right field. Troxell 92 (11 spec.). RPC 3302. Sear 5295 var. Toned aEF $200 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 125, 27 February 2002, lot 347.  For the attribution of this issue to Brutus after his conquest of Lycia, see Troxell, Coinage of the Lycian League, pp. 179-180 and pl. 16. Two denarii of Brutus are closely connected to our coin: Crawford 503/1 uses an exactly similar head of Apollo as obverse type, and Crawford 501/1 shows a lyre and a filleted branch on reverse, like the Lycian hemidrachm. After conquering Lycia, then, Brutus struck there not only Lycian League hemidrachms like our coin, but also Roman denarii using the same or similar coin types and in one case the same engravers.

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 146, 29 November 2005, lot 112.

236. Pamphylia, Aspendus. c. 420-370 BC. Stater, 10.92g (5h). Obv: Two wrestlers confronted, grasping each other by the arms; to right, countermark. Rx: ΕΣΤFΕΔΙΙΥ Slinger, wearing short chiton, advancing right, about to discharge his sling; in right field, triskeles; all within dotted square frame. Cf. SNG Paris 53 (also with countermark). Countermark on edge of obverse. Slinger on reverser unusually well struck. Near Mint State $500 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 106, 20 January 1999, lot 259.  51


237. Pamphylia, Aspendus. c. 380-325 BC. Stater, 10.98g (12h). Obv: Two wrestlers grappling; AΦ between. Rx: Slinger in throwing stance right; triskeles to right; all within dotted square border. SNG Paris 83. Near Mint State $375 NGC 4625017-012. 

240. Pamphylia, Side. 3rd-2nd cent. BC. Tetradrachm, 16.92g (12h). Obv: Head of Athena right wearing Corinthian helmet. Rx: Victory advancing left, holding out wreath; to left, pomegranate; across lower field, ΔEI - NO. SNG Paris 677. This coin is exceptional, like the previous lot, though not as perfectly centered. Mint State $850 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Colonial Trading Co., Boston, November 2000. 

238. Pamphylia, Side. c. 490-400 BC. Stater, 10.87g (10h). Obv: Pomegranate; at upper right, head of lion; all within guilloche border. Rx: Head of Athena right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet, all within incuse square. SNG Paris 626. Cf. BM 8, pl. XXVI.1 = Sear 2425, with photo (no lion’s head on obverse). VF/EF $500 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Spartan Numismatics, June 2004.  Two Hellenistic Beauties

239. Pamphylia, Side. 3rd-2nd cent. BC. Tetradrachm, 16.78g (12h). Obv: Head of Athena right wearing Corinthian helmet. Rx: Victory advancing left, holding out wreath; to left, pomegranate and ΔI, the Δ divided by a vertical stroke. SNG Paris 670. Though these coins can be rather plain and uninteresting, this particular example is exceptionally beautiful. Mint State $850 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Copper Penny, Wethersfield, Connecticut, October 2006.  52

241. Pamphylia, Side. 3rd-2nd cent. BC. Tetradrachm, 15.95g (12h). Obv: Head of Athena right wearing Corinthian helmet. Rx: Victory advancing left, holding out wreath; to left, pomegranate; across lower field, KΛE - YX. SNG Paris 677. Toned Near Mint State $500 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Pegasi, November 1999. 

242. Pisidia, Selge. c. 3rd cent. BC. Stater, 10.67g (5h). Obv: Two wrestlers confronted, grasping each other by the arms; between them, AΛ. Rx: ΣEΛΓEΩN Slinger, wearing short chiton, advancing right, about to discharge his sling; in right field, triskeles and club. Weber 7424, pl. 267 (same obv. die). Not in most older collections with letters AΛ between the wrestlers, but a number of such coins have emerged in CoinArchives Pro since c. 2000. Mint State $600 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Calgary Coin, September 1998. 


Enlargement

243. Kingdom of Lydia. Alyattes. 605-561 BC (traditional). EL Trite, 4.69g. Head of lion right, with mouth open, mane bristling, and a protuberance above the eye with six rays. Rx: Two square punches of different size side by side. Weidauer 86. SNG Aulock 2868. Good Fine $500 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Pegasi, August 2010. 

Enlargement

245. Asia Minor. Achemenid Empire. 505-480 BC. Siglos, 5.31g (12h). Obv: Great King kneeling and shooting with bow to right. Rx: Rectangular incuse with rough surface. Carradice, Type II. BMC p. 174, 190, pl. 27, 24. I. Carradice, NC 158 (1998), pp. 1-23, pl. 3, 58. Good VF $300 NGC 4625017-010. 

Incredible Croesus Stater

244. Kingdom of Lydia. Croesus. 565-546 BC. Heavy Stater, 10.63g. Lydia, Sardes. Obv: Confronted foreparts of lion facing right and bull facing left, each with outstretched foreleg. Rx: Two square punches side by side, both with irregular surfaces. Berk 13. This is the best heavy stater that we have ever encountered. It is even better than the Croesus pictured in the book 100 Greatest Coins, thus the finest recorded Berk 13. Choice EF $17,500

246. Cilicia, Aegeae. Year 18 = 30/29 BC (?). Tetradrachm, 14.58g (10h). Obv: Veiled and turreted head of city goddess right. Rx: Athena standing left, holding with right hand Nike who crowns her with wreath, and with left hand shield and spear resting on ground behind her; AIΓEAIΩN to right, ΔI and club in lower left field, Δ in lower right field, date IH in exergue. Arnold-Biucchi, Aigeai, Travaux…Le Rider, pl. 2, 128 (D4/R16). Near Mint State $600 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. 

Enlargement

A rare coin type, known in only four specimens up to 1979 and 16 specimens up to 1999, but now well documented because of the 187 additional hoard specimens published by Arnold-Biucchi in that latter year. This Aegeaen tetradrachm is recorded with only four dates, Year 4 and Years 16-18, and the known specimens were produced from only four obverse and nineteen reverse dies. Our coin will have been struck in 30/29 BC if the era used was the Caesarian era starting in 47 BC, but a considerably earlier date for the series, with an era starting c. 105 BC, has also been proposed. 53


247. Cilicia, Nagidus. c. 370-365 BC. Stater, 10.51g (8h). Obv: Aphrodite enthroned left, holding patera over altar before her; behind, Eros standing left, holding up branch. Rx: ΝΑΓΙΔΕΩ - Ν (the second N retrograde) Dionysos standing left, holding vine branch with grapes in right hand and thyrsus in left; in upper left field, Α in circle. Lederer p. 199, 26, pl. XI (same dies, only one spec. recorded, in St. Petersburg). Mint State $750

249. Cilicia. Mazaius. 361-334 BC. Stater, 10.94g (1h). Cilicia, Tarsus. Obv: BLTRZ Baal of Tarsus enthroned to left, head front, holding eagle, ear of wheat, and bunch of grapes in right hand, dotted vertical scepter in left; in lower left field, R (in Aramaic); beneath throne, M (in Aramaic); dotted border. Rx: MZDY Lion stepping left, attacking bull; monogram below; dotted border. SNG Levante 106. The head of Zeus extremely sharp and complete. Wonderful Mint State coin. $750

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection.

Exceptional Image of Arethusa

248. Cilicia. Pharnabazus. 379-374 BC. Stater, 10.56g (6h). Obv: Facing head of Arethusa, turned slightly to left. Rx: Helmeted head of Ares right. Pozzi 2846. BM 17. Babelon 596. The image of Arethusa much sharper than usual. Good EF $1,000

Enlargement

54

250. Seleucid Kingdom. Antiochus I. 281-261 BC. Tetradrachm, 17.05g (11h). Obv: Diademed head of Antiochus I right. Rx: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ - ΑΝΤ ΙΟΧΟΥ Apollo, slight drapery on right thigh, seated left on omphalos, holding arrow and resting left hand on grounded bow; AP monogram in outer left field, M monogram in outer right field. SC 379.3b. Toned aEF/ VF $200 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Pegasi 34, June 2016, lot 213. 

251. Seleucid Kingdom. Antiochus I. 281-261 BC. Tetradrachm, 17.23g (8h). Obv: Diademed head of Antiochus I right. Rx: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ - ΑΝΤΙΟΧΟΥ Apollo, slight drapery on right thigh, seated left on omphalos, holding three arrows and resting left hand on grounded bow; by his legs forepart of horse grazing left (mintmark); monograms in inner left field above and below arrows. SC 409.2e. Houghton Coll. 1139 (same dies). Rare with the two monograms on the reverse in mirror-image form: our coin is from the same dies as Houghton Collection 1139, the only


example of this variety cited by Seleucid Coins. EF $300 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Calgary Coins, May 1998.

piece showing head of Zeus, so may be considered one of the most desirable coins issued by the Seleucid kings.

“At Ecbatana, the Apollo on omphalos reverse has the local peculiarity that the god holds three arrows” (SC p. 147).

Enlargement

252. Seleucid Kingdom. Antiochus IV Epiphanes. 175164 BC. Tetradrachm, 16.76g (12h). Antioch, c. 168164 BC. Obv: Diademed head of Antiochus IV right. Rx: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY ΘEOY EΠIΦANOYΣ Zeus Nikephoros seated left; monogram in exergue. SC 1397a. Lustrous Mint State $500 NGC 4625015-001.  Panhellenic Festival Tetradrachm 254. Seleucid Kingdom, Antiochus IV. 169-168 BC. AE 28, 19.37g (12h). Obv: Head of Isis right, wreathed with grain, Isis crown atop taenia. Rx: Eagle standing right on thunderbolt, between legend BAΣIΛEΩΣ / ANTIOXOY on right and ΘEOY / EΠIΦANOYΣ on left. SC 1414. SMA 60. Sear 6986. VF $200 253. Seleucid Kingdom, Antiochus IV. c. 166-165 BC. Tetradrachm, 16.79g (12h). Obv: Laureate head of Apollo right. Rx: Sculpture of Apollo Citharoedus created by the artist Bryaxis wearing a long peplos, advancing right playing lyre and holding patera; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY ΘEOY to right, EΠIΦANOYΣ NIKHΦOPOY to left. SC 1401. Newell SMA 64. Toned Bold VF $14,500 This wonderful coin was one of the two commemorative coins struck for the Panhellenic festival that Antiochus IV created to compete with the festival the Romans were carrying on. The festival lasted about 30 days and had many parades, dinners, and athletic events. This coin depicts a real statue of Apollo that was shown at the games. This coin with head of Apollo on obverse is considerably rarer than its companion

255. Seleucid Kingdom, Alexander I. 152-145 BC. Tetradrachm, 16.30g (1h). Antioch, Year 167 = 146/5 BC. Obv: Diademed head of king right, fillet border. Rx: [BA]ΣIΛ[EΩΣ] / AΛEΞANΔ[POY] - ΘEOΠATOPOΣ / EYEPΓETO[Y] Zeus seated left holding Nike who crowns him and scepter, Δo monogram in inner left field, date and secondary control in exergue are off flan. SC 1784.8 (secondary control off flan). Mint State $300 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Pars Coins, April 2016.  55


256. Seleucid Kingdom. Demetrius II. 130-125 BC (second reign). Tetradrachm, 16.45g (1h). Antioch, 129128 BC. Obv: Diademed head of king right, with long beard. Rx: [Β]ΑΣΙΛΕΩ[Σ] / ΔΗΜΗΤΡΙΟΥ - ΘΕΟΥ / ΝΙΚΑ - ΤΟΡΟΣ Zeus enthroned left, holding Nike facing outwards and scepter; Ξ in outer left field, o beneath throne. SC 2166.2c. SMA 320. Houghton Coll. I 288. SNG Spaer 2162. aEF $250

259. Seleucid Kingdom. Antiochus VIII. Tetradrachm, 16.32g (12h). Ptolemais-Ace, c. 121/0-113 BC. Obv: Diademed head of king right, fillet border. Rx: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ / ΑΝΤΙΟΧΟΥ- ΕΠΙ - ΦΑΝΟΥΣ Zeus Uranios, naked and with crescent on head, standing left, holding star and scepter; in outer left field, M; all within laurel wreath. SC 2335.2e. EF $250

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Ken Dorney, October 1998.

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Trusted Coins, November 2015.

257. Seleucid Kingdom. Antiochus VIII. 121-96 BC. Tetradrachm, 17.04g (12h). Antioch, c. 121/0-113 BC. Obv: Diademed head of king right, fillet border. Rx: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ / ΑΝΤΙΟΧΟΥ- ΕΠΙ - ΦΑΝΟΥΣ Zeus Uranios, draped and with crescent on head, standing left, holding star and scepter; in outer left field, IE above A; in inner right field, between scepter and legend, Ν; all within laurel wreath. SC 2298.2e. Toned Mint State $250

260. Seleucid Kingdom, Antiochus IX. 116-95 BC. Tetradrachm, 16.34g (12h). Syria, Antioch, 110/9 BC. Obv: Diademed head of king right, with short curly beard, diadem ends falling straight behind; fillet border. Rx: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩ[Σ] / ΑΝΤΙΟΧΟΥ - ΦΙΛΟ - ΠAΤΟΡΟΣ Athena standing left, holding Nike and resting left hand on shield, spear behind; primary controls Δ monogram above Λ with pellet in outer left field, possible secondary controls in inner right field illegible because of doublestriking; all in laurel wreath. SC 2366.1 or 2. Near Mint State $250

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Acquired in London, July 2000.

258. Seleucid Kingdom. Antiochus VIII. Tetradrachm, 16.65g (12h). Sidon, Year 193 = 120/119 BC. Obv: Diademed head of king right; fillet border. Rx: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ / ΑΝΤΙΟΧΟΥ ΕΠΙ - ΦΑΝΟΥΣ Zeus Uranios, crescent above head, naked, standing left holding star and scepter; in left field ΣΙ ΙΕΡ above ΑΣ and monogram; in exergue, ΓΡΡ (year 193); all within laurel wreath. SC 2329.1. Toned Mint State $200 Ex Gemini XII, 11 January 2015, lot 210.  56

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Pegasi 34, June 2916, lot 222.

261. Seleucid Kingdom, Demetrius III. 97/6-88/7 BC. Tetradrachm, 16.19g (12h). Damascus, Year 219=95/4 BC. Obv: Diademed head of Demetrius III right with fringe of curly beard at jawline; fillet border. Rx: BACIΛEΩC / ΔHMHTPIOV / ΘEOV in three lines on right, ΦIΛOΠATOPOC / CΩTHPOC in two lines on left, Cult statue of Atargatis standing facing, holding flower in left hand, grain stalk rising from each shoul-


der; in left field, N above OTA monogram; in exergue, date Θ[IΣ] followed by HΔ monogram; all within laurel wreath. SC 2450.8. SNG Spaer 2854 (same dies). Hoover, Houghton, and Vesely, The Silver Mint of Damascus, AJN 20, 2008, p. 330, 51-52, pl. 74 (A8/ P46-7; P46 and P47 seem to be the same reverse die). VF/Fine+ $400 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection.

Enlargement

262. Phoenicia, Aradus. c. 380-350 BC. Obol, 0.56g (11h). Obv: Laureate head of bearded god (Baal) right. Rx: Galley right; above, Phoenician letters mem and aleph; beneath, two lines of waves. Betlyon 13. Sear 5793. Choice EF $250

265. Phoenicia, Tyre. Year 37 =90/89 AD. Shekel, 14.38g (12h). Obv: Laureate bust of Heracles (Melqart) right with lionskin knotted around neck. Rx: TYPOY IE[PAΣ] - KAI AΣYΛOY Eagle with closed wings standing left on prow, with palm branch behind shoulder and Phoenician letter between his legs; date ZΛ and club in left field; ΔοΥ in right field. ΒΜC 128 var. Mint State $600 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 132, 14 May 2003, lot 159. 

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Pegasi 34, June 2016, lot 225.

263. Phoenicia, Aradus. Year 102 = 170/69 BC. Drachm, 4.16g (12h). Obv: Bee, date P (reversed) - B across upper field. Rx: ΑPΑΔΙΩΝ downwards on right, Stag standing right before a date-palm tree. BMC 10. Sear 5989 var. EF $400 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Calgary Coin, February 1998. 

264. Phoenicia, Byblos. King Azbaal. c. 350 BC. Stater, 13.20g (9h). Obv: Galley left, containing three hoplites with crested helmets and round shields; below, waves, hippocamp left, murex shell, and letters NO. Rx: Lion left bringing down bull left, king’s name in Aramaic above. BMC 4. SNG Berry 1431. SNG Lockett 3216. Dewing 2662. De Hirsch 1738. Areas of weak striking, especially on obverse, but virtually Mint State. $600 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Ken Dorney, December 1999. 

266. Phoenicia, Tyre. Year 51 = 76/75 BC. Shekel, 14.29g (12h). Obv: Laureate bust of Heracles (Melqart) right with lionskin (off flan) knotted around neck. Rx: TYPOY IEPAΣ - KAI AΣYΛOY Eagle with closed wings standing left on prow, with palm branch behind shoulder and Phoenician letter between his legs; date AN and club in left field; Δ in right field. Cf. BMC 142-3 (Years 50 and 52; Year 51 not in BMC). EF $400

267. Phoenicia. Tyre. Year 144 = 18/19 AD. Shekel, 14.23g (11h). Obv: Laureate head of Melqart right with lionskin knotted around neck. Rx: [TVPOV IEPAΣ] KAI AΣVΛ]OV Eagle standing left on prow, palm over its shoulder, club and date PMΔ in field before, K[P] and monogram behind, Phoenician letter beth between eagle’s legs. RPC 4657 (6 spec.). Prieur 1417. BMC 199. Areas of reverse flatly struck. EF $750 Ex Berk 146, 29 November 2005, lot 146.  Struck during the lifetime of Jesus, about ten years before the crucifixion. 57


Date of Crucifixion

268. Phoenicia, Tyre. Year 159 = 33/4 AD. Half Shekel, 7.06g (12h). Obv: Laureate bust of Heracles (Melqart) right with lionskin knotted around neck. Rx: TYPOY IEPAΣ - KAI AΣYΛOY Eagle with closed wings standing left on prow, with palm branch behind shoulder and Phoenician letter between his legs; date PNΘ and club in left field; KP / A / N in right field. RPC 4693 (1 spec.). Prieur 1463 (1 spec.). This coin was struck on one of the two dates, 31 and 33 AD, thought to be the date of Christ’s crucifixion. VF $1,500 Y. Meshorer thought that all Tyrian shekels and half shekels from Year 109 on, when the letters KP were added to their reverse design, were struck at Jerusalem rather than Tyre, but the authors of RPC I, pp. 655-6, do not accept this hypothesis.

Enlargement

270. Phoenicia, Tyre. Year 51=76/5 BC. Half Shekel, 7.02g (2h). Obv: Laureate bust of Heracles (Melqart) right with lionskin knotted around neck. Rx: TYP[OY IEPAΣ] KAI AΣYΛOY Eagle with closed wings standing left on prow, with palm branch behind shoulder and Phoenician letter between his legs; date AN and club in left field; Δ in right field. ΒΜ 227 var. Extremely sharp. Struck on a broad flan. Incredible obverse. Mint State. $1,000 NGC 4625019-005. Ex Berk 153, 13 March 2007, lot 205. Rare Quarter Shekel

271. Phoenicia, Tyre. Year 6 = 121/120 BC. Quarter Shekel, 3.20g (1h). Obv: Laureate bust of Heracles (Melqart) right. Rx: TYPOY IEPAΣ - KAI AΣYΛOY Eagle with closed wings standing left on prow, with palm branch behind shoulder and Phoenician letter between his legs; date LC (apparently) and club in left field. Dated Coins of Antiquity p. 514, Coin 323. The extremely rare smallest denomination in this famous Tyrian series which usually included only shekels and half shekels. Toned EF/VF. $1,500 NGC 4625019-008. Purchased from Amphora Coins in 2011

269. Phoenicia, Tyre. Year 48 = 79/8 BC. Half Shekel, 7.05g (12h). Obv: Laureate bust of Heracles (Melqart) right with lionskin knotted around neck. Rx: TYP[OY IEPAΣ - KAI] AΣYΛOY Eagle with closed wings standing left on prow, with palm branch behind shoulder and Phoenician letter between his legs; date HM and club in left field; A above reversed Σ in right field. ΒΜC 227 var. Mint State. $1,000 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 132, 14 May 2003, lot 162. 58

A very rare fractional denomination at Tyre, listed by Dated Coins of Antiquity with only three dates, namely Year 2 (two citations), Year 6 (one citation: “in trade”, perhaps our coin), and Year 9 (three citations).

Enlargement


Enlargement

272. Samaria. c. 380-332 BC. Obol, 0.63g (11h). Obv: Galley left, at stern standard topped by crescent and globe, Samarian inscription above, double line of waves below. Rx: Persian king standing right, holding dagger in right hand, about to stab lion which he holds up before him by its head. Samarian Coinage 96. Sofaer pl. 167, 38. Hendin 1039. Well struck. This coin includes a virtually complete legend above the galley. EF $300

Monumental Hendin 1060

Enlargement

273. Judaea, Jerusalem. Yehud. Persian Period, before 333 BCE. Hemiobol, 0.37g (4h). Obv: Lily flower. Rx: Falcon standing front, head right, wings spread, to right Hebrew inscription YHD. Sofaer 10, p. 241, pl. 193. Hendin 1060. Of this series of hemiobols of Judaea, this coin has always been considered the most desirable. It is so rare that Hendin has only owned this issue once. While the head of the eagle is off flan, the legend is complete. EF. $1,500 NGC 4625017-003. Purchased from Herakles Numismatics, 6 March 2011.

275. Hyrcanus I. Half Prutah, 1.65g . Obv: Hebrew inscription “Yehohanan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews”, in two lines above and two lines below palm branch. Rx: Lily and two wheat ears, without monogram A. Hendin 1134a. Sofaer 65, p. 244, pl. 196. VF $200

Enlargement

276. John Hyrcanus I. Half Prutah, 0.69g . Obv: Palm branch flanked by four-line Hebrew inscription, “Yehohanan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews”. Rx: Lily between two ears of grain. Hendin 1138. Sofaer 2, p. 242, pl. 195. VF $200

277. Herod I the Great. 40-4 BCE. Double Prutah, 4.39g (12h). Year 3=40 BCE. Obv: Poppy pod on stem with leaves. Rx: HPΩΔOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ Winged caduceus upright, LΓ to left, TP monogram to right. Hendin 1171. Sofaer 12, p. 257, pl. 207. Rare: only three obverse and three reverse dies attested by Menorah Coin Project up to 2010. EF $250

Enlargement

274. John Hyrcanus I. 135-104 BCE. Half Prutah, 1.01g (9h). Obv: Hebrew inscription “Yehohanan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews”, in two lines above and two lines below palm branch. Rx: Lily and two wheat ears, monogram A to left of lily stem. Hendin 1134. Sofaer 66, p. 244, pl. 196. Good VF $150

278. Herod I the Great. Prutah, 2.72g (12h). Year 3=40 BCE. Obv: HPΩΔOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ Aphlaston upright, date LΓ to left, TP monogram to right. Rx: Palm branch with fillet. Hendin 1172. Sofaer 15, p. 258, pl. 207. Rare: only three obverse and one reverse dies attested by Menorah Coin Project up to 2010. aEF $150 59


279. Herod I the Great. Prutah, 2.12g (12h). Year 3=40 BCE. Obv: HPΩΔOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ Aphlaston upright, date LΓ to left, TP monogram to right. Rx: Palm branch with fillet. Hendin 1172. Sofaer 15, p. 258, pl. 207. Rare: only three obverse and one reverse dies attested by Menorah Coin Project up to 2010. EF $200

280. Herod I the Great. Double Prutah, 2.85g (12h). Obv: HPΩΔOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ (probably abbreviated) Cross in closed diadem. Rx: Table with three curved legs, flat vessel upon it, palm branches left and right. Hendin 1178. Sofaer 20, p. 258, pl. 207. aEF $150

281. Herod Archelaus. 4 BCE - 6 CE. Double Prutah, 2.94g (12h). Obv: HPΩΔ - [H] Double cornucopia, adorned with bunches of grapes, turned left. Rx: EΘNA / [PXHC] Galley left. Hendin 1194. Sofaer 68, p. 258, pl. 209. EF $200

282. Herod Archelaus. Prutah, 1.60g (10h). Obv: HP WΔ Double cornucopia adorned with grapes, horns parallel, turned right. Rx: Galley left, ΕΘΝ above. Hendin 1195a. Sofaer 74, p. 260, pl. 209. While this issue is common, it is almost never seen in this wonderful quality. Beautiful light green toning with brown highlights. Virtually Mint State. $150 60

283. Herod Archelaus. Half Prutah, 1.22g (7h). Obv: Η [P] - W Prow of galley left. Rx: ΕΘΝ within wreath. Hendin 1197. Sofaer 76, p. 260, pl. 209. Again not a rare type, but in exceptional condition. We have never handled a specimen this sharp and complete before. Mint State $150

284. Herod Antipas. 4 BCE -39 CE. AE Quarter Unit, 3.25g (12h). Tiberias, Year 24=20/1 CE. Obv: HPWΔO[V] - TETAP[XOV] around, [L] - KΔ across field, Palm branch upright. Rx: TIBE / PIAC in two lines within wreath (legend weak). RPC 4920. Hendin 1201. Sofaer 90, p. 260, pl. 209. Good VF. $150 NGC 4625163-002.

285. Herod Antipas. Quarter Unit, 3.42g (12h). Year 43=39/40 CE. Obv: ΓAI / Ω KA / ICAP in three lines in wreath. Rx: HPΩΔHC TETPAPXHC Cluster of dates hanging downward, date L - MΓ across field at top. Hendin 1217. Sofaer 115, p. 261, pl. 210. Rare: only three obverse and four reverse dies attested by Menorah Coin Project up to 2010. VF $200

286. Agrippa I. 37-44 CE. Prutah, 3.22g (12h). Year 6 = 41/2 CE. Obv: BACIΛEWC AΓPIΠA Umbrella-like canopy with fringes. Rx: Three ears of barley growing between two leaves, date L - S across lower field. Hendin 1244. Sofaer 153, p. 263, pl. 212. RPC 4981 (52 spec.). An unusually complete example. VF $100


bottom. Hendin 1355, pl. 33 (same dies). Mint State $7,000

287. Pontius Pilate. 26-36 AD. Prutah, 2.01g (12h). Jerusalem, Year 16 of Tiberius = 29/30 CE. Obv: [TI] BEPIOY KAICAP[OC L IS] around simpulum (libation ladle). Rx: IOYΛIA KAICAPOC (Julia, Wife of Augustus) around three bound ears of grain, the outer two droop. Hendin 1341. RPC 4967. Sofaer 34, p. 270, pl. 219. Beautifully centered. aEF $100

NGC 4624985-005. Purchased from Amphora Coins (David Hendin), 27 February 2011.

Enlargement

288. Jewish War. 66-70 CE. Shekel, 13.52g (11h). Jerusalem, Year 1 = 66/67 CE. Obv: Paleo-Hebrew “Shekel of Israel, (Year) One”, Ritual chalice with wide, smooth rim, pellet on either side and at middle of stem, flat base with pearled ends. Rx: Paleo-Hebrew “Jerusalem the Holy” around three pomegranate buds on stem with pearl at bottom. Hendin 1354, pl. 33 (same obv. die). Mint State. $6,000 NGC 4624985-008. Ex Berk 151, 1 November 2006, lot 214.

290. Jewish War. Shekel, 14.31g (12h). Jerusalem, Year 2 = 67/68 CE Obv: Paleo-Hebrew “sheqel of Israel” and “year 2” above and around ritual chalice with pearled rim. Rx: Paleo-Hebrew “Jerusalem the holy” around staff with three pomegranate buds, round base. Hendin 1358. Treasury 193. Near Mint State $4,000

Enlargement

289. Jewish War. Half Shekel, 6.79g (11h). Jerusalem, Year 1 = 66/67 CE. Obv: Paleo-Hebrew “Half Shekel, (Year) One”, Ritual chalice with smooth rim, pellet on either side and at middle of stem, flat base with pearled ends. Rx: Paleo-Hebrew “Jerusalem the Holy” around three pomegranate buds on stem with pearl at

291. Jewish War. Shekel, 14.32g (12h). Jerusalem, Year 2 = 67/68 CE. Obv: Paleo-Hebrew “Shekel of Israel, Year Two”, Ritual chalice with pearled rim, pellet at middle of stem, base raised by projections on ends. Rx: Paleo-Hebrew “Jerusalem the Holy” around three pomegranate buds on stem with pearl at bottom. Hendin 1358. Near Mint State. $5,000 NGC 4624985-002. Ex Berk 153, 13 March 2007, lot 209. 61


Hendin 1361. EF.

$5,000

NGC 4624985-003. Purchased from William Rosenblum, 22 February 2011. 292. Jewish War. Half Shekel, 6.53g (12h). Jerusalem, Year 2 = 67/68 CE. Obv: Paleo-Hebrew “Half Shekel, Year Two”, Ritual chalice with pearled rim, pellet at middle of stem, base raised by projections on ends. Rx: Paleo-Hebrew “Jerusalem the Holy” around three pomegranate buds on stem with pearl at bottom. Hendin 1359. Near Mint State. $6,000 NGC 4624985-004. Purchased from William Rosenblum, 22 February 2011.

295. Jewish War. Half Shekel, 6.65g (12h). Jerusalem, Year 3 = 68/69 CE. Obv: Paleo-Hebrew “Half Shekel, Year Three”, Ritual chalice with pearled rim, pellet at middle of stem, base raised by projections on ends. Rx: Paleo-Hebrew “Jerusalem the Holy” around three pomegranate buds on stem with pearl at bottom. $6,000 Hendin 1362. EF. NGC 4624985-011. Purchased from William Rosenblum, 22 February 2011

Enlargement

293. Jewish War. Prutah, 3.26g (5h). Jerusalem, Year 2 = 67/8 CE. Obv: Paleo-Hebrew “year two”, Amphora with broad rim and two handles. Rx: Paleo-Hebrew “the freedom of Zion”, Vine leaf on small branch with tendril. Hendin 1360. Sofaer 11, p. 273, pl. 222. Again not a rare coin, but an exceptionally fine and complete specimen. EF. $150

Enlargement

NGC 4625163-001.

294. Jewish War. Shekel, 13.45g (12h). Jerusalem, Year 3 = 68/69 CE. Obv: Paleo-Hebrew “Shekel of Israel, Year Three”, Ritual chalice with pearled rim, pellet at middle of stem, base raised by projections on ends. Rx: Paleo-Hebrew “Jerusalem the Holy” around three pomegranate buds on stem with pearl at bottom. 62

296. Jewish War. AE Eighth Shekel, 4.50g (11h). Year 4=69/70 CE. Obv: Bundle of lulav, myrtle, and willow between two etrogs, Hebrew inscription (=Year 4) around. Rx: Chalice with pearled rim, Hebrew inscription (=to the redemption of Zion) around. Hendin 1369. Sofaer 44, p. 274, pl.223. An exceptionally sharp specimen, with the pearls on the cup clearly separated and visible. EF. $300 NGC 4625163-003.


Finest Year Five

297. Jewish War. Shekel, 13.95g (11h). Year 5 = 70 CE. Obv: Chalice with pearled rim, base is raised by projections on ends; Hebrew “Shekel of Israel” around, date (Year 5) above chalice. Rx: Stem with pearled bottom and three pomegranate buds; around Hebrew “Jerusalem the Holy”. Hendin 1370a. This is one of the rarest coins in the Jewish series and one of the most highly desired. Several of these coins have come up recently, all declared as the “finest known”, but they don’t compare in any way to this exquisite coin. Perfectly struck and centered. Virtually Mint State. $60,000

298. Bar Kokhba Revolt. 132-135 AD. Zuz or Drachm, 3.37g (6h). Year 2 = 133/4 AD. Obv: Paleo-Hebrew “Simon”, Bunch of grapes in three lobes hanging from branch, which has a leaf to the left and a tendril to the right. Rx: Paleo-Hebrew “year two of the freedom of Israel”, Palm branch. Hendin 1394. Mildenberg 40 (O7/R12’). Sofaer 53, p. 279, pl. 229. Overstruck: parts of the legend of the undertype survive to the left of the grape bunch on the obverse. Mint State. $350 NGC 4625018-009. Said to be from the W. Bick Collection, the coin cited by Mildenberg 40.6.

From the Baldwin’s group of thirteen Year 5 shekels, all from the same dies as the previously unique example in BM: see Hendin’s note to his no. 1370.

299. Bar Kokhba Revolt. AE 25.5-29, 9.78g (7h). Year 2 = 133/134 CE. Obv: Paleo-Hebrew “year 2 of the freedom of Israel” around vine leaf on tendril. Rx: “Simon” (in 3 letters) in fields beneath seven-branched palm tree with 2 bunches of dates. Mildenberg 61 (O4/ R25). Hendin 1408. This coin is struck on an extremely broad flan and is very sharp. Near Mint State. $500 NGC 4625163-007.

Enlargement

300. Bar Kokhba Revolt. AE 23.5-25, 11.12g (7h). 133/4 AD. Obv: Paleo-Hebrew “Year 2 of the Freedom of Israel” around vine leaf on tendril. Rx: “Simon” in five letters in fields beneath seven-branched palm tree with two bunches of dates. Hendin 1408a. Sofaer pl. 231, 79 (same dies). Mildenberg 92 (dies 7/56, 7 spec.). Near Mint State $500 63


301. Bar Kokhba Revolt. Undated. Zuz or Drachm, 2.48g (1h). Obv: Paleo-Hebrew “Simon” (“Smnaw” as the letters are arranged) within a wreath of thin branches wrapped around eight almonds, medallion at top, tendrils at bottom. Rx: Paleo-Hebrew “for the freedom Jerusalem” around fluted pitcher, handle on left, willow branch on right. Mildenberg 86 (o11/r15). Hendin 1422. Toned EF $400

Enlargement lot 303

New Die Combination

302. Bar Kokhba Revolt. Zuz or Drachm, 2.85g (1h). Attributed to Year 3 = 134/5 CE. Obv: Paleo-Hebrew “Simon” within wreath. Rx: Paleo-Hebrew “For the Freedom of Israel”, Elongated lyre with three strings. Hendin 1424. Mildenberg 130 (dies O19/R67, 108 spec.). Cf. Sofaer 123, p. 282, pl. 234. Some traces of overstriking. Mint State. $400 NGC 4625018-012. Overstruck Portrait of Titus Caesar

304. Bar Kokhba Revolt. Zuz or Drachm, 2.88g (7h). Attributed to Year 3 = 134/5 AD. Obv: Paleo-Hebrew “Simon”, Bunch of grapes in three lobes hanging from branch, which has a tendril to the left and a leaf to the right. Rx: Paleo-Hebrew “For the Freedom of Israel”, Elongated lyre with three strings. Hendin 1435. Mildenberg new die combination (O22/R129). Sofaer 127, p. 282, pl. 234 (different dies). Leo Mildenberg’s corpus of Bar Kokhba coins was so thorough, generally listing a dozen or more specimens for each drachm/ zuz die combination, that it is unusual to come across a die or die combination for this denomination that $700 was unknown to him! Mint State. NGC 4625018-010.

303. Bar Kokhba Revolt. Zuz or Drachm, 3.09g (6h). Undated = 134/135 AD. Obv: Paleo-Hebrew “Simon”, Bunch of grapes in three lobes hanging from branch, which has a tendril to the left and a leaf to the right. Rx: Paleo-Hebrew “for the freedom of Jerusalem”, Two trumpets with dot between. Hendin 1431. Mildenberg 199 (O24/R86, 28 spec.). Sofaer 139, p. 282, pl. 234. Overstruck on a denarius of Titus as Caesar: face of emperor and end of obverse legend ESPASIAN[VS] from undertype visible on reverse. This coin is quite entertaining. Near Mint State. $350 NGC 4625018-011.

64

305. Bar Kokhba Revolt. Zuz or Drachm, 3.14g (7h). Obv: Paleo-Hebrew “Simon” around branch of grapes in three lobes hanging from branch. Rx: Paleo-Hebrew “for the freedom Jerusalem” around elongated lyre with three strings. Mildenberg 183 (o22/r117). Hendin 1435. Mint State $500


306. Tiberius and Livia. 14-37 AD. AE 19.5-21, 8.14g (1h). Trachonitis, Caesarea Paneas. Obv: ΣΕ[ΒΑΣΤ] WΝ Jugate heads right of laureate Tiberius and Livia. Rx: [EΠI ΦIΛI]ΠΠOY TET - PA[PXOY] Four-columned temple on high platform, probably the Augusteum at Paneas, containing round object (shield?); the pediment contains the letter Λ and is surmounted by an inverted triangle. Hendin 1229. RPC 4951 (3 spec.). Sofaer 128, p. 262, pl. 211. aEF/EF. $150 Ex Heritage 357, 9 September 2004, lot 12052.

307. Vespasian, struck under Agrippa II. 69-79 CE. AE 28, 15.46g (12h). Year 14 = 73/4 CE. Obv: [AVTOKPA OVEC]ΠA - CI ΚΑΙCΑPI [CΒΑCΤ]Ω (sic, E omitted) Laureate head of Vespasian right. Rx: Tyche-Demeter standing left holding wheat ears and cornucopia, ET ΔI - BA / AΓPI - ΠΠA in two lines across field. Hendin 1301. RPC 2243 (5 spec.), pl. 97 (same obv. die). Sofaer 184, p. 265, pl. 214 (same obv. die). Good Fine $300

308. Titus as Caesar. 70-79 CE. AE 17, 3.86g (12h). Decapolis, Gadara, Year 137 = 73/4 CE. Obv: TITOΣ KA[I] - ΣAP Head laureate right. Rx: [Γ]AΔA - PE ΩN Crossed cornucopias, between them small cross encircled by dots, date LZΛ[P] above. Sofaer 29, p. 164, pl. 137. RPC 2096 (14 spec.). Good VF $400

309. Agrippa II for Titus as Caesar. 49/50-94/95 CE. AE 23-24.5, 11.76g (12h). Caesarea Paneas, Year 26 = 74/5 CE. Obv: AVTOKP TITOC - KAICAP CEB[AC] Laureate head of Titus right. Rx: ΕΤΟ - ΚS ΒΑ / ΑΓΡΙ - ΠΠΑ in two lines across field, Nike-Victory advancing right, holding wreath in right hand and palm branch over shoulder in left, crescent in field before her face. Hendin 1284b. Sofaer 229, p. 167, pl. 216 (same obv. die as ours). Not in RPC, cf. 2277 (star not crescent in rev. field). VF $300 Rare with crescent in reverse field. RPC omits this variant, and the Sofaer example is no better than ours, indeed ours has a considerably clearer obverse legend.

310. Titus, struck under Agrippa II. AE 22-23.5, 12.32g (12h). Year 14 = 73/4 CE. Obv: AYTOKP TI[TOC] ΚΑΙCΑP CEΒ Laureate head of Titus right. Rx: Nike advancing right holding wreath and palm, L IΔ - BAC / AΓP - IΠOY in two lines across field. Hendin 1303. RPC 2248 (10 spec.), pl. 97 (same obv. die). Sofaer 187, p. 265, pl. 214 (same dies). VF $400

311. Titus as Caesar. 70-79 CE. AE 21.5-23, 12.73g (11h). Judaea, Caesarea Maritima. Obv: A[YTOKP] TITO - Σ KAΙΣAP Head laureate right. Rx: IOYΔAIAΣ E[AΛWKYIAΣ] Trophy, at base of which are, on left, captive seated left with hands tied behind back, and on right, large pelta-shaped shield. Sofaer 13 var., p. 275, pl. 224. RPC 2313 (41 spec.) var. VF$400 The captive on reverse is seated on our coin, rather than kneeling as on Sofaer 13, pl. 224, and in the RPC description (“crouching”). 65


Enlargement 312. Philadelphia, Decapolis. Under Titus. 79-81 CE. AE 19, 6.80g (12h). Philadelphia, Year 143 = 80/1 CE. Obv: ΦΙΛΑΔΕΛ - [ΦΕΩN] Draped and veiled bust of Demeter left, torch behind shoulder. Rx: Date [L] at lower left, Γ - M at top, P at lower right, around bunch of five wheat ears between two small curving leaves. RPC 2110 (4 spec.). Sofaer 2, p. 196, pl. 159. Exceptionally beautiful and sharp. EF $400

313. Agrippa II for Domitian. 49/50-94/95 AD. AE 19, 6.10g (1h). Caesarea Paneas, Year 26 = 85/6 CE. Obv: ΔΟΜIΤ[IANO]C - [ΚΑΙ]CΑP Laureate head of Domitian right. Rx: ΕΤΟ [ΚS ΒΑ - ΑΓΡΙ] ΠΠΑ NikeVictory standing right, left foot on helmet, writing on shield which rests on her left knee; above shield, star (off flan). Hendin 1285a corr. RPC 2279 (12 spec.). Sofaer 233, p. 266, pl. 216 (same obv. die). aEF $300

Enlargement

314. Domitian as Caesar, struck under Agrippa II. 70-81 CE. AE 17, 4.27g (11h). Year 19 = 78/9 CE. Obv: [ΔOMITIANOC] - ΚΑΙCΑP Laureate head of Domitian right. Rx: Galley left, [E]TO / IΘ BA A / ΓPIΠΠ in three lines across upper field. Hendin 1312. RPC 2260 (8 spec.), pl. 98 (same obv. die). Sofaer 205, p. 266, pl. 215 (probably same obv. die). Good VF $200 66

315. Domitian, struck under Agrippa II. 81-96 CE. AE 22-23, 10.43g (1h). Year 24 = 83/4 CE. Obv: ΔOMET - ΚΑΙCΑP ΓEPMANI Bust of Domitian laureate, cuirassed right, seen from front. Rx: Nike stepping right holding wreath and palm, [E]T[O] - KΔ BAC / [A]ΓPI - ΠA in two lines across lower field. Hendin 1315. RPC 2262 (8 spec.), pl. 98 (same obv. die). Sofaer 208, p. 266, pl. 215 (same obv. die). Exceptional quality. EF $500

Enlargement

Legionary Countermark

316. Domitian, Sebaste, Legionary Countermark. 81-96 CE. AE 23-24, 15.35g (12h). Sebaste, Year 109 = 81/2 CE. Obv: [IMP DOMITIANVS] CAESAR Head laureate right, rectangular countermark L X F on neck (Howgego 733). Rx: [CEBAC] - THNWN Tyche standing left, placing right foot on uncertain object and holding globe and scepter; date [ΘP] in upper left field. RPC 2226 (17 spec.). Hendin 1613a. Sofaer 1, p. 64, pl. 61. VF $400

317. Trajan. 98-117 CE. AE 20, 6.91g (12h). Galilaea, Tiberias, Year 81 = 99/100 CE. Obv: AYT KAI NEP TP - AIA]NOC CEB ΓEP Head laureate right. Rx: TIBEPI KΛA - Y Crossed cornucopias with palm branch between them, date ET - AΠ across lower field. Sofaer 3 var., p. 71, pl. 65 (same obv. die). RPC 3925 (21 spec.) var., pl. 173 (same obv. die). Our coin has TIBEPI not TIBEP in the reverse legend. Good VF $300


318. Trajan. AE 23, 11.69g (12h). Galilaea, Sepphoris. Obv: [TPAIANOC] AVTO - KPATΩ[P EΔΩKEN] Head laureate right. Rx: Palm tree with eight branches and two bunches of dates; across lower field in two lines, ΣEΠ - ΦΩ / PH - NΩN. Sofaer 2, p. 68, pl. 64. RPC 3937 (51 spec.). Fine/VF $300 The obverse legend declares that Trajan “made a gift” to the city, probably referring to the coinage itself (RPC p. 510).

319. Trajan. AE 21.5, 9.86g (12h). Caesarea Maritima, 114-6 CE. Obv: [IMP CAES NER TRAIANO O]P AVG GER DAC [COS VI P P] Bust laureate right, with fold of cloak on front shoulder and behind neck. Rx: COL PRI FL - AVG - CAESARENS[IS] Victory advancing left holding wreath and palm. Sofaer 24, p. 26, pl. 23 (same dies). RPC 3956 (29 spec.), pl. 175 (the same Sofaer specimen). VF $300

320. Trajan. AE 22-24, 11.41g (12h). Ascalon, Year 210 = 106/7 CE. Obv: CEBA[C - T]OC Head of Trajan laureate right. Rx: ACKAΛ[Ω] Tyche-Astarte standing left on prow, holding standard and aphlaston, between altar on left and dove and date IC on right. RPC 3975 (22 spec.). Sofaer 92, p. 100, pl. 91. Fine $200

321. Hadrian. 117-138 CE. AE 23-25, 12.73g (12h). Dora, Year 180 = 117/8 CE. Obv: AYT ΚΑΙΣ ΝΕΡ ΤΡΑΙΑΝ ΣΕΒ ΓΕΡΜ Bust laureate, cuirassed right, seen from front, with fold of cloak on front shoulder. Rx: ΔΩP IEP ACYΛ AYT NAYAP - ΠP Laureate, bearded head of Doros right; in field below beard, aphlaston. Sofaer 34, p. 41, pl. 40 (same rev. die). RPC 3919 (24 spec.), pl. 173 (the same Sofaer coin). aVF $300

322. Volusian, Son of Trebonianus Gallus. 251-253 CE. AE 23-24.5, 11.92g (12h). Samaria, Neapolis. Obv: [AV]T KAI Γ OVIB TPEB OVOΛ[OVCIAN] Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right. Rx: ΦΛ NEAC - ΠOΛ[EWC] Eagle standing front, head left, spreading wings to support Mount Gerizim; the mountain has two peaks, a colonnade below, and a stairway leading to a temple on the left peak; star and crescent in upper field. Sofaer 237 corr., p. 62, pl. 60 (same dies). RPC 2160 (5 spec.), pl. 145 (same obv. die). Harl A34, pl. 15, 148 (this obv. die). VF $300

Enlargement

323. Parthian Kingdom. Mithradates II. c. 123-88 BC. Drachm, 4.15g (12h). Obv: Diademed, draped bust of king left, with long beard. Rx: Arsakes I seated right on throne, holding bow and arrow. Sellwood 26.1. Shore 77. Mint State. $100 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Alex Malloy, March 2000.

324. Parthian Kingdom. Unknown King. c. 80-70 BC. Tetradrachm, 16.19g (1h). Seleukeia on Tigris. Obv: Diademed, draped, bearded bust of king left. Rx: Archer (Arsakes I) seated right on throne, holding bow, above which Ko; all surrounded by seven lines of legend. Sellwood 30.2. Cf. Shore 129-130 (as Orodes I). Excellent portrait. Dark natural toning. aEF. $200 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Lockport, July 2000. 67


325. Parthian Kingdom. Gotarzes II. 40-51 AD. Tetradrachm, 14.49g (11h). Seleucia, Year 358 = 46/7 AD. Obv: Robed and diademed bust of king left with long pointed beard. Rx: King seated right, receiving diadem from Tyche standing left before him, who also holds cornucopia; two lines of Greek legend above, below, and on both sides; date HNT in upper left field; month date in exergue mostly off flan. Sellwood 65.817. EF. $100

328. Parthian Kingdom, Pacorus II. 78-105 AD. Drachm, 3.73g (12h). Obv: Beardless bust left, wearing earring. Rx: Archer enthroned right, holding out bow; TA. monogram below bow. Sellwood 73.11. Shore 395. Mint State. $150 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Alex Malloy, May 2000.

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Alex Malloy, May 2000.

326. Parthian Kingdom. Vonones II. c. 51 AD. Drachm, 3.64g (1h). Obv: Helmeted, facing bust of king with wart on forehead, between two stars. Rx: Archer seated right holding out bow above large monogram (crossed A with dot). Sellwood 67.1. Shore 368. EF $200

68

329. Parthian Kingdom, Parthamaspates. 116 AD. Drachm, 3.73g (1h). Obv: Bust of king left with short beard, wearing tiara with star in center. Rx: Archer seated right on seat represented by line, holding out bow above large monogram (crossed A with dot). Sellwood 81.1. Shore 423. Mint State $200 Parthamaspates was the puppet king of Parthia installed by Trajan in 116 AD.

327. Parthian Kingdom, Vardanes II. 55-58 AD. Tetradrachm, 14.53g (12h). Seleucia, Year 368 =56/7 AD. Obv: Robed and diademed bust of king left with short beard and wart on brow. Rx: King seated left, receiving diadem from Tyche standing right before him, who also holds scepter; two lines of Greek legend above, below, and on both sides; date HΞT in upper left field; month date in exergue is off flan. Sellwood 69.7-9. aEF. $200

330. Parthian Kingdom, Phraates II. c. 138-127 AD. Drachm, 3.34g (11h). Obv: Diademed, short-bearded bust of king left, possibly VOV behind (obscured by die cracks). Rx: Arsakes I seated right on omphalos, holding bow. Sellwood 16.18. Shore 55. EF. $150

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Pegasi, October 2003.

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Alex Malloy, May 2000.


pl. 141, 4665. Svoronos 718. VF

331. Kingdom of Persis. Vadfradad (Autophradates) I. Early 2nd Century BC. Drachm, 4.02g (11h). Obv: Diademed head of king right, wearing kyrbasia surmounted by eagle. Rx: Fire temple; Ahura-Mazda above; to left, Vadfradad standing right; to right, standard surmounted by eagle. Alram 54. Sunrise 576. Virtually Mint State. $200

$250

A reverse die with the field marks similarly reengraved, proving that the issue with marks ΣI above encircled N followed that with just ΣI, was first noticed by Davesne and Le Rider, Le trésor de Meydancikkale, Paris 1989, p. 268. At least three reverse dies underwent this alteration: (a) Meydancikkale 4664-5; (b) our coin and Freeman & Sear, MBS 15, 27 June 2008, lot 222; (c) Argenor 5, 29 April 2002, lot 126. Two further specimens, BM 35 and in trade (Rollin & Feuardent), were listed but not illustrated by Svoronos 718, who wrongly interpreted the recut field marks as deriving from doublestriking.

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Pars Coins, May 2016.

332. Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy I. 305-283 BC. Tetradrachm, 13.86g (12h). Obv: Diademed bust of Ptolemy I right, wearing aegis around neck. Rx: ΠTOΛEMAIOY - BAΣIΛEΩΣ Eagle with wings folded standing left on thunderbolt, in left field Φ above A. Svoronos 371. EF $250

334. Ptolemaic Kingdom. Ptolemy II Philadelphus. 285246 BC. Tetradrachm, 14.02g (12h). Sidon, Year 39 = 247/246 BC. Obv: Diademed head of Ptolemy I right wearing aegis. Rx: ΠΤΟΛΕΜΑΙΟΥ - ΣΩTHPΩΣ Eagle standing left on thunderbolt, in left field ΣI and Δ monogram, in right field date ΛΘ and W monogram. Svoronos 756, pl. XXII, 7 var. (there ΔI in lower left field). VF. $250 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Pegasi in November 2015.

Recut Controls

333. Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy II. 285-246 BC. Tetradrachm, 14.21g (1h). Sidon, c. 265/4-262/1 BC. Obv: Diademed bust of Ptolemy I right, aegis (off flan) knotted around neck. Rx: ΠTOΛEMAIOY - BAΣIΛEΩΣ Eagle standing left on thunderbolt, in left field mintmark ΣI above encircled N, these marks engraved over an earlier mintmark ΣI. Meydancikkale

335. Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy V. 204-180 BC. Tetradrachm, 13.40g (12h). Obv: Diademed bust of Ptolemy I right, aegis knotted around neck. Rx: ΠTOΛEMAIOY - BAΣIΛEΩΣ Eagle standing left on thunderbolt. Svoronos 1231. Sear 7856. Toned aEF. $250 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection.

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336. Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy VI. 180-145 BC. Tetradrachm, 13.89g (12h). Obv: Diademed bust of Ptolemy I right, aegis knotted around neck. Rx: ΠTOΛEMAIOY - BAΣIΛEΩΣ Eagle standing left on thunderbolt. SNG Copenhagen 262. Svoronos 1489. Sear 7895. Struck on a broad flan. EF. $200

early fifth century BC. According to ancient sources the Boeotian poet Pindar who wrote victory odes for Cyrenian aristocrats donated a statue of Zeus-Ammon to a sanctuary (c. 450 BC). Its head might have been reminiscent of the relevant type of Cyrenian coins, and it is fun to imagine what Pindar’s unsophisticated fellow-citizens might have thought about a statue of Zeus with the horns of a ram!

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection.

Enlargement

337. Cyrenaica, Cyrene. c. 435-331 BC. Tetradrachm, 12.93g (6h). Obv: Silphium plant with six leaves, K - V / P - A across field at corners of plant. Rx: Head of Ammon wearing ram’s horn with short curly hair and scraggly beard. Porous surfaces but an impressive piece nonetheless. The obverse of this coin shows a very complete and elegant silphium plant. The reverse is very well struck with some traces of an undertype that do not interfere with the image of the deity Ammon. BMC 73. About EF. $4,000 Ex Frank L. Kovacs. Ex Nilus Coins. Ex G. Hirsch 275, 22 September 2011, lot 4150. Ex Schweizer Bankverein Zurich 33, September 1993, lot 463. Ex Christie’s, 22 April 1986, lot 48 The Greek cities of Cyrenaica, namely Cyrene and Barce, were one of the main suppliers of grain for the Mediterranean (in one instance, they even saved mainland Greece from starvation). As long as the grain trade flourished, Cyrenaica enjoyed prosperity. The revenues from the silphium trade were also important. Silphium, a plant that is likely to be extinct since antiquity, was used as medicine; its importance to the ancient economy of the Cyrenaica is underlined by the fact that both Barce and Cyrene used it as a badge on their coins. The other side of their coins displays a head of Zeus in a version specific to North Africa, with the horns of a ram, thus equivalent to the Egyptian god Amun. Zeus-Ammon, as the Greeks called him, was introduced to the Greek pantheon as early as the 70

Enlargement

338. Cyrenaica, Cyrene. c. 336-320 BC. Gold Litra, 0.92g (8h). Obv: Horned head of young Zeus Ammon left. Rx: Head of Cyrene right. L.Naville, Les monnaies d’or de la Cyrénaique (1951), 50. aEF. $1,000 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 158, 26 March 2008, lot 8.

Enlargement

339. Cyrenaica. Cyrene. c. 331-322 BC. 1/10 Stater, 0.85g (2h). Obv: Female head right. Rx: Head of the youthful Karneios right, ram’s horn over ear. SNG Copenhagen 1194. VF. ` $350 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection.

Enlargement

340. Cyrenaica. Cyrene. c. 308-305 BC. Obol, 0.69g (2h). Obv: Bearded head of Zeus Ammon right. Rx:


Thunderbolt between two stars. BMC 220. Mint State. $900

each with star above head, ROMA in relief in linear frame below. Crawford 44/7. VF+ $100

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 126, 22 April 2002, lot 2. Ex Adolph Hess AG, Lucerne, 15 February 1955, lot 55.

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection.

341. Roman Republic. Anonymous. Quadrigatus or Didrachm, 6.84g (10h). Rome, c. 225-214 BC. Obv: Janiform head of the Dioscuri. Rx: Jupiter in quadriga right, driven by Victory; below, ROMA in relief in linear frame. Crawford 29/3. Sydenham 64d. EF, attractive toning. $250 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex CNG 61, 25 September 2002, lot 1106 (with wrong obverse photo, repeating the obverse of lot 1107).

Although the initial issue of the denarius and its fractions are assigned by Crawford to the mint of Rome, recent studies suggest that the denarius was in fact first struck in Apulia.

345. Anonymous. Victoriatus, 3.19g (9h). Uncertain mint, c. 214-212 BC. Obv: Laureate head of Jupiter right. Rx: Victory standing right, crowning trophy; grain ear growing from groundline before her, [ROMA] in exergue (off flan). Crawford 72/1. Sydenham 194. EF, some light corrosion. $200 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 129, 9 October 2014, lot 129; ex Sternberg XXI, 14-15 November 1988, lot 217.

342. Anonymous. Quadrigatus or Didrachm, 6.56g (10h). Rome, 225-214 BC. Obv: Laureate, janiform head of Dioscuri, pellet under neck. Rx: Jupiter holding scepter and hurling thunderbolt in chariot driven right by Victory; below, ROMA in relief on tablet. Crawford 31/1. Toned VF+ $450

343. Anonymous. Denarius, 3.93g (6h). From 211 BC. Obv: Helmeted head of Roma right, value mark X behind. Rx: Dioscuri galloping right holding spears, each with star above head, ROMA in relief on tablet below. Crawford 44/5. EF. $175 Ex Berk 167, 3 December 2009, lot 198.

344. Anonymous. Sestertius, 1.08g (4h). Apulia, from 211 BC. Obv: Helmeted head of Roma right, value mark II behind. Rx: Dioscuri galloping right holding spears,

346. Anonymous: VB in ligature. Victoriatus, 2.62g (7h). Uncertain mint, 211-208 BC. Obv: Laureate head of Jupiter right. Rx: Victory standing right, crowning trophy; VB monogram between. Crawford 95/1a. Sydenham 113. EF; light scratch 3h reverse. $125 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 126, 23 April 2002, lot 129.

347. Anonymous. Quinarius, 1.76g (7h). Apulia, 211210 BC. Obv: Helmeted head of Roma right, mark of value V behind. Rx: Dioscuri galloping right holding spears, each with star above head, ROMA in exergue. Crawford 102/2d. EF. $125 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Gemini I, 11 January 2005, lot 274. In style of issue marked with Q. 71


348. Anonymous: Star. Denarius, 3.68g (2h). Rome, 206-195 BC. Obv: Helmeted head of Roma right, X behind. Rx: Dioscuri on horseback right, each with star above head and holding spear; star below horses, ROMA in linear frame in exergue. Crawford 113/1. Sydenham 263. EF. $150

351. Anonymous. Denarius, 3.96g (11h). Rome, 157/6 BC. Obv: Helmeted head of Roma right, X behind. Rx: Victory in biga right, holding goad; ROMA in exergue. Crawford 197/1a. Sydenham 376. RSC 6. EF. $125 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 192, 9 October 2014, lot 131.

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 167, 3 December 2009, lot 230,

349. Anonymous: Trident. Denarius, 4.19g (6h). Rome, 206-195 BC. Obv: Helmeted head of Roma right, X behind. Rx: Dioscuri on horseback right, each with star above head and holding spear; trident right below horses. Crawford 115/1. Sydenham 268. Mint State. $175

352. C. Valerius C.f. Flaccus. Denarius, 3.80g (4h). Rome, 140 BC. Obv: Head of Roma right, X behind. Rx: Victory in biga right, FLAC above, C VAL CF below; ROMA in exergue. Crawford 228/2. Sydenham 440. RSC Valeria 7. EF. $200 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex CNG 61, 25 September 2002, lot 1200.

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 210, 27 August 1991, lot 67. Enlargement

350. Anonymous: Griffin. Denarius, 4.08g (7h). Rome, 169-158 BC. Obv: Helmeted head of Roma right, X behind. Rx: Dioscuri on horseback right, each with star above head and holding spear; griffin stepping right below front legs of horses, ROMA in linear frame in exergue. Crawford 182/1. Sydenham 283. Choice VF, nicely toned. $100 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 192, 9 October 2014, lot 130.

72

353. C. Servilius M.f. Denarius, 3.94g (4h). Rome, 136 BC. Obv: Helmeted head of Roma right, wreath behind, mark of value and ROMA below. Rx: The Dioscuri galloping in opposite directions, looking back at each other; C SERVEILI M F in exergue. Crawford 239/1. Sydenham 525. RSC Servilia 1. EF; beautifully toned. $200 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 164, 21 May 2009, lot 263.


354. Ti. Minucius C.f. Augurinus. Denarius, 3.91g (9h). 134 BC. Obv: Helmeted head of Roma right, star (mark of value) behind. Rx: Statue on spiral column (Minucian Column), flanked by two wheat ears and two togate standing figures, the one on right also veiled and holding lituus; RO - MA above, TI MINVCI C F on left, AVGVRINI on right. Crawford 243/1. Sydenham 494. RSC Minucia 9. VF+; figure on right a bit weakly struck $125

357. M. Acilius M.f. Denarius, 3.91g (4h). Rome, 130 BC. Obv: Helmeted head of Roma right, M ACILIVS M F around within double circle of dots. Rx: Hercules in quadriga right, holding club, trophy, and reins; ROMA in exergue. Crawford 255/1. Sydenham 511. RSC Acilia 4. EF. $150

355. C. Aburius Geminus. 134 BC. Denarius, 3.97g (11h). Obv: Helmeted head of Roma right, GEM behind, star before. Rx: Mars in quadriga right, holding spear, shield, and reins in left hand and trophy in right hand; below, C ABVRI (AB and VR ligate); in exergue, ROMA. Crawford 244/1. Sydenham 490. RSC Aburia 1. EF. $200

358. Q. Fabius Labeo. 124 BC. Denarius, 3.94g (4h). Obv: Helmeted head of Roma right, ROMA behind, star and LABEO before. Rx: Jupiter in quadriga right, hurling thunderbolt and holding scepter and reins; below, prow; in exergue Q FABI. Crawford 273/1. Sydenham 532. RSC Fabia 1. EF. $100

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Pegasi, March 2016 (“ex Calman Collection”).

356. M. Marcius Mn.f. 134 BC. Denarius, 3.94g (4h). Obv: Helmeted head of Roma right, modius behind, star before. Rx: Victory in biga right, holding whip and reins; below, two wheat ears and legend M MAR C / RO - MA (MAR ligate). Crawford 245/1. Sydenham 500. RSC Marcia 8. EF. $150 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex CNG 61, 25 September 2002, lot 1220 (“From the Tony Hardy Collection”).

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 176, 8 September 2011, lot 192.

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 168, 16 March 2010, lot 184.

359. M. Sergius Silus. Denarius, 3.91g (5h). 116 or 115 BC. Obv: Helmeted head of Roma right, EX SC before, ROMA and star (value mark) behind. Rx: Helmeted horseman left, holding sword and severed head in left hand; below, Q and M SERGI; in exergue, SILVS. Crawford 286/1. Sydenham 534. RSC Sergia 1. EF. $150 Ex Berk 175, 7 July 2011, lot 190.

73


360. C. Fonteius. Denarius, 3.52g (4h). 114 or 113 BC. Obv: Janiform head of Dioscuri, C to left, two dots below neck, star (mark of value) to right. Rx: Galley with pilot and three rowers left, C FONT above (NT ligate), [R]OMA below. Crawford 290/1. Sydenham 555. RSC Fonteia 1. Nice VF $100 The control marks on this denarius are the letters of the Latin alphabet, alone or accompanied by 1-7 dots below the janiform head. According to Crawford each control mark (letter + 0-7 dots) occurs on only one obverse die.

361. T. Didius. Denarius, 3.88g (6h). Rome, 113-112 BC. Obv: Helmeted head of Roma right, ROMA in monogram behind, * below. Rx: Two soldiers fighting, one attacking with whip, the other defending with sword; T DEIDI in exergue. Crawford 294/1. Sydenham 550. $150 RSC Didia 2. Nice VF; toned. Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 194, 9 July 2015, lot 141. Ex SC Collection

363. Cn. Blasio Cn.f. Denarius, 3.96g (9h). Rome, 112 or 111 BC. Obv: Helmeted head right (Scipio Africanus?), star (mark of value) above, prow stem behind, CN BLASIO CN F below and to right. Rx: Jupiter standing between Juno and Minerva, Π (weakly struck) in lower right inner field, ROMA in exergue. Crawford 296/1d. Sydenham 561b. RSC Cornelia 19. EF; figure on right weakly struck $125

364. L. Caesius. Denarius, 3.88g (12h). Rome, 112 or 111 BC. Obv: Youthful bust of Apollo left, hurling thunderbolt, monogram behind. Rx: The two Lares Praestites seated right, dog between them; head of Vulcan and tongs above; LA monogram on left, ER monogram on right (off flan), L CAES[I] in exergue (AE ligate). Crawford 298/1. Sydenham 564. RSC Caesia 1. EF $200

Marvin Tameanko has persuasively argued that this coin depicts a “bloodless ‘warm up’ act of mock fighters called ‘paegniarii,” rather than an actual battle or gladiatorial combat. Enlargement

Enlargement

362. L. Manlius Torquatus. Denarius, 3.77g (5h). 113 or 112 BC. Obv: Helmeted head of Roma right, ROMA behind (MA ligate), X before; torque as border. Rx: Helmeted horseman charging left, holding spear and shield; [L] TORQVA below, EX SC in exergue (mostly off flan), Q in upper right field. Crawford 295/1. Sydenham 545. RSC Manlia 2. Toned aEF $100 74

365. C. Claudius Pulcher. Denarius, 3.89g (1h). 110 or 109 BC. Obv: Helmeted head of Roma right. Rx: Victory in biga right, holding reins in both hands; C PVLCHER in exergue. Crawford 300/1. Sydenham 569. RSC Claudia 1. EF. $150 Ex Berk 164, 20 May 2009, lot 268.


366. L. Memmius. Denarius, 4.03g (9h). 109-108 BC. Obv: Male head right, wearing oak wreath; star (value mark) below chin. Rx: Dioscuri standing facing, holding their horses, each with a star above his head; L.MEMM[I] in exergue. Crawford 304/1. Sydenham 558. RSC Memmia 1. Nice VF; toned $150

369. L. Scipio Asiagenus. Serrate Denarius, 3.94g (7h). 106 BC. Obv: Head of Jupiter left, R dot behind. Rx: Jupiter in quadriga right, L SCIP ASIAG in exergue. Crawford 311/1a. Sydenham 576. RSC Cornelia 24b. aEF. $150 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 194, 9 July 2015, lot 144. Ex SC Collection. Ex Jacques Schulman 262, 5 May 1975, lot 1187.

367. Q. Lutatius Cerco. Denarius, 3.93g (1h). Rome, 109 or 108 BC. Obv: Helmeted head of Mars or Roma right, on helmet a feather between two stars, [ROMA] above, CERCO before, X (value mark) behind. Rx: Galley right with oars; beneath the apluster is seen the head of the pilot, while the stem of the prow terminates in a helmeted human head; above, Q. LVTATI (VT ligate) / Q; all within oak wreath with acorns. Crawford 305/1. Sydenham 559. RSC Lutatia 2. Toned EF $100 “The reverse type records the great victory of the consul C. Lutetius Catalus over the Carthaginian fleet under Hanno off the island of Aegusa in B.C. 241” (BMC II, p. 298).

368. M. Herennius. Denarius, 3.89g (11h). 108 or 107 BC. Obv: Head of Pietas right, PIETAS behind (TA ligate), O before. Rx: One of the Catanaean brothers running right, bearing his father on his shoulders; on left, M HERENN[I] downwards (HE ligate). Crawford 308/1a. Sydenham 567. RSC Herennia 1. EF $150 According to Crawford, our control mark O may appear on three obverse dies, one each for the letter upright, tipped over forwards, and tipped over backwards, though these three letter positions cannot be distinguished visibly.

370. C. Sulpicius C.f. Galba. Serrate Denarius, 3.85g (12h). Rome, 106 BC. Obv: Jugate heads of Dei Penates left, DPP before. Rx: Two soldiers swearing oath over sow, L above, C SVLPICI. C F in exergue. Crawford 312/1. Sydenham 572. RSC Sulpicia 1. Attractively toned VF. $150 Ex Philip T. Collection. Ex Pegasi 32, May 2015, lot 402.

371. L. Thorius Balbus. Denarius, 3.98g (6h). Rome, 105 BC. Obv: Head of Juno Sospita right, wearing goat skin; I.S.M.R downwards behind. Rx: Bull charging right, B above; below L.THORIVS, in exergue BALBVS. Crawford 316/1. Sydenham 598. RSC Thoria 1. EF. $125 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection.

75


372. Lucius Appuleius Saturninus. Denarius, 3.90g (7h). Rome, 104 BC. Obv: Helmeted head of Roma left. Rx: Saturn in quadriga right, raising harpa in right hand; X and dot above, L SATVRN in exergue. Crawford 317/3a. Sydenham 578. RSC Appuleia 1. EF; Saturn somewhat weakly struck. $100 Ex Berk 80, 18 January 1994, lot 651. According to Crawford each control mark in this series (combination of a letter either upright or tipped over, alone or accompanied by one or more dots) occurs on only one reverse die.

2nd Known Control Mark Mule

374. D. Silanus L.f. Denarius, 3.92g (7h). 91 BC. Obv: Helmeted head of Roma right, Q behind. Rx: Victory in biga right, VII above, D SILANVS L F and ROMA in exergue. Crawford 337/3. Sydenham 646. RSC Junia 15. Toned EF. $100 Ex Berk 164, 20 May 2009, lot 276. According to Crawford, in this issue each letter on the obverse and numeral on the reverse may occur on several dies.

375. L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi. Denarius, 3.79g (2h). 90 BC. Obv: Laureate head of Apollo right, star before, owl behind. Rx: Horseman galloping left holding torch, theatrical mask above, PISO FRVGI below. Crawford 340/1. Sydenham 653. RSC Calpurnia 6. Banti 18/1. VF. $100 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 177, 15 November 2011, lot 201.

373. Pub. Lentulus Marcellinus. Denarius, 3.89g (3h). 100 BC. Obv: Bust of young Hercules right, wearing lionskin over shoulders and holding club, ROMA below; to left, shield and control mark B with dot above. Rx: Roma wearing triple-crested helmet standing facing, about to be crowned by half-nude Genius of the Roman People standing beside her; between the figures, control mark Y with dot above; in exergue, LENT MAR F (NT and MAR ligate); all within laurel wreath. Haeberlin 1119 = Banti 39 (same dies). Control mark variant of Crawford 329/1a, Sydenham 604, and RSC Cornelia 25. Toned aEF $125 Possibly only the second recorded specimen of this denarius with a different control mark on the reverse than on the obverse. According to Crawford, “the control-mark on the reverse is invariably the same as on the obverse”; he apparently overlooked the Haeberlin coin contradicting this rule, which is from the same dies as ours. Banti 44/1 shows a coin with mark dot above Y on both obverse and reverse, as expected; this coin may be, but is not certainly, from the same reverse die as ours. 76

376. L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi. Denarius, 3.83g (12h). Rome, 90 BC. Obv: Laureate head of Apollo right, D behind, A below chin. Rx: Naked horseman galloping right holding palm branch, L PISO FRVGI / T below. Crawford 340/1. Sydenham 665a. RSC Calpurnia 11. Toned EF $125

377. Q. Titius. Denarius, 3.93g (6h). 90 BC. Obv: Bearded head right wearing winged diadem (“Mutinus Titinus”). Rx: Pegasus springing right from tablet inscribed Q TITI. Crawford 341/1. Sydenham 691. RSC Titia 1. Nicely toned VF. $100 Ex Berk 163, 25 March 2009, lot 239.


in crescent above. Crawford 344/2b. Sydenham 699. RSC Tituria 4. VF; circular banker’s mark before face $125 378. M. Cato. Denarius, 3.98g (2h). Rome, 89 BC. Obv: Female head right, M. CATO below, ROMA behind. Rx: Victory seated right holding patera; VICTRIX in exergue. Crawford 343/1b. Sydenham 596. RSC Porcia 5. Nicely toned VF; high relief obverse. $100 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 195, 25 October 2015, lot 210.

379. M. Cato. Denarius, 3.83g (5h). Rome, 89 BC. Obv: Female head right, M. CATO below, ROMA behind. Rx: Victory seated right holding patera; ST below throne, VICTRIX in exergue. Crawford 343/1c. Sydenham 596a. RSC Porcia 6. Nicely toned VF. $100 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 194, 9 July 2015, lot 147. Ex SC Collection. Ex Stack’s, 14-15 June 1971, lot 143 Scarcer variety with ST under throne.

380. L. Titurius L.f. Sabinus. Denarius, 3.87g (8h). Rome, 89 BC. Obv: Bearded head of King Tatius right, SABIN behind, TA monogram before. Rx: The rape of the Sabines: two Roman soldiers each carrying off a Sabine woman, L TITVRI in exergue. Crawford 344/1a. Sydenham 698. RSC Tituria 1. Toned VF.$125 Ex Berk 164, 20 May 2009, lot 281.

381. L. Titurius L.f. Sabinus. Denarius, 3.87g (10h). After 89 BC. Obv: Bearded head of King Tatius right, SABIN behind, palm branch before. Rx: Two soldiers burying Tarpeia in shields; L TITVRI in exergue, star

382. Gargilius, Ogulnius & Vergilius. 86 BC. Denarius, 3.84g (4h). Obv: Laureate head of Apollo right, thunderbolt below. Rx: Jupiter in quadriga right, hurling thunderbolt and holding reins. Obv: Laureate head of Apollo right, thunderbolt below. Rx: Jupiter in quadriga right, hurling thunderbolt and holding reins. Crawford 350A/2. Sydenham 723. RSC Anonymous 226. Close to Mint State. $150 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 119, 15 March 2001, lot 318.

383. P. Furius Crassipes. 84 BC. Denarius, 4.58g (7h). Obv: Head of Cybele right wearing turreted crown, AED CVR and deformed foot behind. Rx: Curule chair inscribed P FOVRIVS; in exergue, CRASSIPE[S]. Crawford 356/1a. Sydenham 735. RSC Furia 20. Choice VF; nicely toned. $150 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 180, 16 August 2012, lot 457 (“Ex Kay Coin Company, 1960s”).

384. L. Censorinus with P. Crepusius & C. Limetanus. 82 BC. Denarius, 3.45g (6h). Obv: Diademed, veiled bust of Venus right, L CENSORIN behind. Rx: Venus in biga right, holding goad and reins; C LIMETA (TA ligate) below horses, P CREPV[SI] in exergue; control number LXXII (?) above. Crawford 360/1b. Sydenham 736a. RSC Marcia 27. Crawford states that each control number in this issue appears on only one reverse die. Toned VF. $175 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Acquired in October 1998. 77


385. Pub. Crepusius. Denarius, 3.78g (10h). 82 BC. Obv: Laureate head of Apollo right, scepter over shoulder, E behind, grasshopper symbol below chin. Rx: Horseman right, brandishing spear; control number LXII above, P CREPVSI in exergue. Crawford 361/1c. Sydenham 738a. RSC Crepusia 1. According to Crawford, there is only one obverse die in this issue marked with each symbol-letter combination, and only one reverse die marked with each numeral. EF; bit of weak strike on Apollo’s wreath. $150 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex CNG 61, 25 September 2002, lot 1358 (“From the Tony Hardy Collection”).

387. L. Censorinus. Denarius, 4.04g (3h). Rome, 82 BC. Obv: Laureate head of Apollo right. Rx: Marsyas walking left, with right arm raised and bearing wine skin on left shoulder; behind, statue of Victory on column, L CENSOR before. Crawford 363/1d. Sydenham 737. RSC Marcia 24. Nice EF $150

388. C. Annius T.f. T.n. w/ L. Fabius L.f. Hispaniensis. Denarius, 3.84g (7h). Spain, 82-81 BC. Obv: Female bust right between caduceus and scales, C AN[NIVS T F T N PRO] COS EX S C around, thunderbolt below. Rx: Victory in quadriga right, Q above, L FABI L F HISP in exergue. Crawford 366/1a. Sydenham 748. RSC Annia 2a. EF. $150 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection.

Enlargement

386. C. Mamilius Limetanus. Serrate Denarius, 3.96g (2h). Rome, 82 BC. Obv: Bust of Mercury right, caduceus behind, A above. Rx: Ulysses walking right, his dog Argus before; C.MAMIL behind, LIMETAN before. Crawford 362/1. Sydenham 741. RSC Mamilia 6. Toned EF. $150 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 163, 25 March 2009, lot 257.

389. L. Manlius Torquatus, for Sulla. Denarius, 4.01g (8h). Rome, 82 BC. Obv: Helmeted head of Roma right, L MANLI before, PRO Q behind. Rx: Sulla in walking quadriga right, L SVLLA IM in exergue. Crawford 367/5. Sydenham 757. RSC Manlia 4. Beautifully toned VF. $175 Purchased from Ed Waddell.

Enlargement Enlargement

78


390. L. Procilius. Serrate Denarius, 3.92g (8h). 80 BC. Obv: Head of Juno Sospita right, wearing goat’s skin; SC behind. Rx: Juno Sospita in biga right, hurling spear and holding shield; serpent below, L PROCILI F in exergue. Crawford 379/2. Sydenham 772. RSC Procilia 2. EF $175

391. C. Naevius Balbus. Serrate Denarius, 3.74g (5h). 79 BC. Obv: Diademed head of Venus right, S C behind. Rx: Victory in triga right, CCXXIIII above, C NAE BALB in exergue (AE and AL ligate). Crawford 382/1b. Sydenham 576. RSC Naevia 6. EF $175 The control number on reverse could also be CCXXIII. According to Crawford these numbers go from I to CCXXX, and each number appears on only one die.

Exceptional Crawford 385/2

392. M. Volteius M.f. Denarius, 3.75g (4h). 78 BC. Obv: Head of Hercules right wearing lionskin headdress. Rx: Erymanthian boar running right, M VOLTEI M F in exergue. Crawford 385/2. Sydenham 775. RSC Volteia 2. Very desirable type in exceptional condition; wonderful centering on obverse. Mint State. $200 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 169, 1 June 2010, lot 271.

Enlargement

393. L. Cassius Longinus. Denarius, 4.03g (8h). Rome, 63 BC. Obv: Head of Liber right, wearing ivy wreath; thyrsus over shoulder. Rx: Head of Libera left, wearing vine wreath; L CASSI Q F behind. Crawford 386/1. Sydenham 779. RSC Cassia 6. Nicely toned EF. $200 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 195, 25 October 2015, lot 215. Ex SC Collection.

394. L. Rustius. Denarius, 3.86g (5h). 74 BC. Obv: Helmeted head of Minerva or Mars right, SC behind, star (value mark) below chin. Rx: Ram standing right, L RVSTI in exergue. Crawford 389/1. Sydenham 782. RSC Rustia 1. VF $125

395. L. Farsuleius Mensor. Denarius, 3.92g (4h). 76 BC. Obv: Draped bust of Liberty right wearing stephane and pearl necklace, cap of liberty and SC behind, MENSOR before. Rx: Roma or male warrior in biga right, assisting togate figure to mount into the chariot, control number XXCIX below horses’ feet, L FARSVLEI in exergue. Crawford 392/1b. Sydenham 789. RSC Farsuleia 2. Each control numeral in this issue appears on only one reverse die. EF. $200 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. 79


396. Cn. Lentulus. Denarius, 3.97g (5h). Spain, 76/5 BC. Obv: Diademed bust of the Genius of the Roman People right, scepter over shoulder, GPR above. Rx: Scepter with wreath, globe, and rudder, EX - SC across field, CN LEN Q below. Crawford 393/1a. Sydenham 752. RSC Cornelia 54. EF $200

397. L. Cossutius C.f. Sabula. 72 BC. Denarius, 3.99g (8h). Obv: Head of Medusa left; behind, SABVLA upwards. Rx: Bellerophon on Pegasus right, [L] COSSVTI C F below, die number I in left field. Crawford 395/1. Sydenham 790. RSC Cossutia 1. A scarce issue, according to Crawford: the control numbers on reverse go from I to XXXXII, each number having only one die. Toned VF; bit of flat strike on Pegasus. $200

400. Q. Cassius Longinus. Denarius, 3.87g (7h). Rome, 69 BC. Obv: Female bust right, uncertain symbol behind. Rx: Caduceus between M PLAETORI on right and CEST EX S.C. on left. Crawford 405/3b. Sydenham 806. RSC Plaetoria 6. Toned VF. $200 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 160, 13 August 2008, lot 174.

Enlargement

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 185, 9 July 2013, lot 145.

398. Mn. Aquillius Mn.f. Mn.n. Serrate denarius, 3.89g (4h). Rome, 71 BC. Obv: Helmeted bust of Virtus right, VIRTVS before, III VIR behind. Rx: The consul Man. Aquillius holding shield and raising Sicilia, MAN AQVIL on right, MAN F MAN N on left (MAN always ligate), SICIL in exergue. Crawford 401/1. Sydenham 798. RSC Aquillia 2. EF; a bit softly struck $175

80

401. C. Hosidius C.f. Geta. Denarius, 3.52g (6h). Rome, 64 BC. Obv: Diademed, draped bust of Diana right with bow and quiver at shoulder, GETA before, III VIR behind. Rx: Calydonian Boar standing right, wounded by spear and attacked by dog, C HOSIDI [C F] in exergue. Crawford 407/2. Sydenham 903. RSC Hosidia 1. Mint State $200

Choice C. Piso Frugi Denarius

399. T. Vettius Sabinus. Serrate Denarius, 3.82g (7h). Rome, 70 BC. Obv: Head of Tatius right, TA monogram under chin, S C before, SABINVS behind. Rx: Togate figure in walking biga left, IVDEX above, grain ear behind, T VETTIVS in exergue. Crawford 404/1. Sydenham 905. RSC Vettia 2. Toned VF. $150

402. C. Piso L.f. Frugi. Denarius, 3.75g (6h). 67 BC. Obv: Head of Apollo right wearing taenia, I: behind. Rx: Horseman galloping right, C PISO L FRVG and Λ in two lines below. Crawford 408/1b. Hersh 163 (O211/R2008). Mint State. $250

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection.

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection.


Sydenham 935. RSC Cassia 10. The backwards S on obverse is a letter from Cassius’ name, serving as control mark on a number of dies. EF; citizen’s head weakly struck. $200 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 137, 31 March 2004, lot 251.

Enlargement

403. M. Plaetorius M.f. Cestianus. Denarius, 4.15g (4h). Rome, 67 BC. Obv: Winged bust of Vacuna right, CESTIANVS behind, SC before. Rx: Eagle on thunderbolt, M PLAETORIVS M F AED CVR around. Crawford 409/1. Sydenham 809. RSC Plaetoria 4. Nicely toned EF. $200 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 162, 15 January 2009, lot 138.

404. Q. Pomponius Musa. Denarius, 3.71g (4h). Rome, 66 BC. Obv: Diademed head of Apollo right, his hair falling in ringlets, large circlet on his forehead, presumably attached to the diadem; Q POMPONI behind, MVSA before. Rx: Hercules standing right wearing lionskin and playing lyre; HERCVLES before, MVSARVM behind. Crawford 410/1. Sydenham 810. RSC Pomponia 8. Nicely toned aEF. $350

Enlargement

406. L. Furius Cn.f. Brocchus. Denarius, 3.73g (5h). Rome, 63 BC. Obv: Bust of Ceres right wearing wreath of wheat ears, between wheat ear and barley grain, III - VIR to either side, BROCCHI below. Rx: Curule chair between fasces; above, L FVRI / CN F. Crawford 414/1. Sydenham 902. RSC Furia 23. EF; some areas of weak strike. $150 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection.

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection.

405. L. Cassius Longinus. 63 BC. Denarius, 3.85g (7h). Obv: Bust of Vesta left, kylix behind, backwards S before. Rx: Citizen dropping tablet inscribed V into cista, LONGIN III V behind. Crawford 413/1.

407. L. Aemilius Lepidus Paullus. Denarius, 3.99g (6h). Rome, 62 BC. Obv: Veiled and diademed head of Concord right, PAVLLVS LEPIDVS - CONCORDIA around. Rx: PAVLLVS in exergue, TE - R above, L. Aemilius Paullus erecting trophy before three captives, King Perseus of Macedon and his two sons, commemorating Paullus’ victory at Pydna in 168 BC. Crawford 415/1. Sydenham 926. RSC Aemilia 10. EF $150

81


Attractive M. Aemilius Lepidus Denarius

408. M. Aemilius Lepidus. Denarius, 4.05g (5h). Rome, 61 BC. Obv: Laureate and diademed female head right. Rx: Equestrian statue of M. Lepidus right, holding trophy over shoulder; M LEPI[DVS] in exergue. Crawford 419/1b, citing Hersh, Essays…Albert Baldwin, no. 34, pl. IV (different dies). This variant is not in RSC (cf. Aemilia 21b) or Sydenham (cf. 827). A rare variant of a rare and interesting type EF. $350

411. C. Servilius C.f. Denarius, 4.01g (7h). 53 BC. Obv: Wreathed head of Flora right, FLORAL·PR[IMV]S before (AL and MV ligate), lituus behind. Rx: Two soldiers standing face to face, holding shields (one decorated with star) and upright swords; C·SERVEIL in exergue, C.F on right. Crawford 423/1. Sydenham 890. RSC Servilia 15. Nicely toned VF. $200 Ex Berk 163, 25 March 2009, lot 302

NGC 4625017-020 Exceptional Toned L. Marcius Philippus Denarius

Enlargement

409. P. Plautius Hypsaeus. Denarius, 3.95g (2h). 57 BC. Obv: Bust of Leuconoe right, her head bound with triple band; behind, dolphin; before, P YPSAE S C. Rx: Jupiter in quadriga left, hurling thunderbolt and holding reins; in exergue, C VPSAE COS / PRIV; to right, CEPIT. Crawford 420/2a. Sydenham 911. RSC Plautia 12. EF. $175 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 162, 15 January 2009, lot 139

410. M. Nonius Sufenas. Denarius, 3.79g (5h). 59 BC. Obv: Bearded head of Saturn right, SVFENAS before, harpa, conical stone and S C behind. Rx: Roma seated left on cuirass and shield, crowned by Victory standing behind her; PR L V P F around, SEX NONI in exergue. Crawford 421/1. Sydenham 885. RSC Nonia 1. Toned aEF. $150 Ex Berk 164, 20 May 2009, lot 300 82

412. L. Marcius Philippus. Denarius, 4.07g (4h). Rome, 57 BC. Obv: Diademed head of Ancus Marcius right, lituus behind, ANCVS below. Rx: Equestrian statue on arcade (aqueduct) of five arches, flower below horse’s feet, PHILIPPVS behind rider, A Q V A MAR within arches (MAR ligate). Crawford 425/1. Sydenham 919. RSC Marcia 28. Beautifully toned EF $250

Enlargement

Excellent C. Memmius Denarius

413. C. Memmius C.f. Denarius, 3.64g (5h). Rome, 56 BC. Obv: Head of Ceres right, wreathed with wheat ears; C MEMMI C F behind. Rx: C MEMMIVS-


IMPERATOR Trophy; before, kneeling captive. Crawford 427/1. Sydenham 920. RSC Memmia 10. Beautifully toned EF. $250 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection

Enlargement

414. C. Memmius C.f. Denarius, 3.90g (3h). 56 BC. Obv: Laureate head of Quirinus right, QVIRINVS behind, C.MEMMI.C.F before. Rx: Ceres seated right holding torch and wheat ears; before, snake; around, MEMMIVS.AED.CERIALIA.PR[EIMVS.FECIT]. Crawford 427/2. Sydenham 921. RSC Memmia 9. Toned EF. $200 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 166, 15 October 2009, lot 262

415. Q. Cassius Longinus. Denarius, 3.67g (3h). 55 BC. Obv: Bust of Liberty right, LIBERT behind, Q CASSIVS before. Rx: Curule chair within temple of Vesta; to left, urn; to right, voting tablet inscribed AC. Crawford 428/2. Sydenham 918. RSC Cassia 8. EF $200 The reverse type refers to the fact that an ancestor of the moneyer presided over an investigation into the condemnation of several Vestal Virgins for incest in 113 BC (BMC I, p. 481, note 2)

416. Q. Cassius Longinus. Denarius, 3.78g (3h). Rome, 55 BC. Obv: Head of Bonus Eventus right, scepter behind. Rx: Eagle with wings raised standing right on thunderbolt, between lituus and sacrificial ewer, Q CASSIVS below. Crawford 428/3. Sydenham 916. RSC Cassia 7. EF $225 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 193, 30 April 2015, lot 227. 

Enlargement

417. A. Plautius. Denarius, 3.96g (2h). 55 BC. Obv: Turreted head of Cybele right, A. PLAVTIVS before, AED. CVR S.C. behind. Rx: Bacchius (Aristobulus?) kneels right, camel at side, extending olive branch, IVDAEVS on right, BACCHIVS in exergue. Crawford 431/1. Sydenham 932. RSC Plautia 13. Toned EF$250 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 164, 21 May 2009, lot 306.  “Bacchius” is unknown to history, and the identity of the kneeling figure on the reverse has been subject to considerable controversy. The scene evidently refers to the submission of Aristobulus the High Priest to Pompey; the alternative explanation, that Bacchius refers to Dionysius of Tripoli (mentioned in Josephus), derives solely from the similarity between the Greek Dionysus and the Latin Bacchus, and seems implausible. An Italian correspondent of the cataloguer points out the precise resemblance between the kneeling figure depicted here and Bocchus on Sulla’s signet ring, copied on Crawford 426/1. 83


Beautiful Denarius of Brutus as Moneyer

418. M. Junius Brutus. Denarius, 4.05g (4h). Rome, 54 BC. Obv: Head of Liberty right, LIBERTAS behind. Rx: L. Junius Brutus, consul 509 BC, walking left between two lictors who hold fasces over shoulder, and preceded by accensus; BRVTVS in exergue. Crawford 433/1. Sydenham 906. RSC Junia 31. Choice EF $300 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. 

his paternal grandfather, and Sulla, his maternal grandfather, who were consuls together in 88 BC. According to Crawford, the arrow and laurel branch on the obverse, attributes of Apollo, suggest that Q. Pomponius Rufus was Xvvir s.f., while the lituus and wreath on the reverse prove that Sulla must have been augur.

421. Man. Acilius Glabrio. Denarius, 4.05g (4h). Rome, 49 BC. Obv: Laureate head of Salus right, SALVTIS upward behind. Rx: Valetudo standing left, leaning on column and holding snake, MN ACILIVS - III VIR VALETV (MN and TV ligate) behind and before. Crawford 442/1a. Sydenham 922. RSC Acilia 8. Sear, Imperators 16. EF $125 Ex Berk 165, 28 July 2009, lot 278. 

Enlargement

Par t II Be gins Thur sday Apr il 19 at 7: 15 PM Chic ago Room - 5t h Floo r

419. M. Junius Brutus. Denarius, 3.32g (9h). Rome, 54 BC. Obv: Head of L. Junius Brutus right, behind BRVTVS downwards. Rx: Head of C. Servilius Ahala right, behind AHALA downwards. Crawford 433/2. Sydenham 907. RSC Junia 30. EF $250 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. 

420. Q. Pompeius Rufus. Denarius, 4.05g (11h). Rome, 54 BC. Obv: Curule chair with pillow between arrow and laurel branch; above, [Q POMPEI] F around and RVFVS across field; below, on tablet, COS. Rx: Curule chair with pillow between lituus and wreath; above, SVLLA CO[S] across field; below, on tablet, Q POMPEI RVF. Crawford 434/2. Sydenham 909. RSC Pompeia 5. EF $200

Excellent Toned Caesar Elephant Denarius

422. Julius Caesar. Denarius, 3.85g (6h). Gaul, 49-8 BC. Obv: Elephant advancing right, trampling serpent; CAESAR in exergue. Rx: Ladle, sprinkler, ax with handle topped by lion’s head, priest’s hat (apex). Crawford 443/1. Sydenham 1006. Sear, Imperators 9. Cohen 49 (2 Fr.). Main mint, finer style, elephant walks (legs angled): see Woytek, SNR 85, 2006, pp. 69-96. Nicely toned EF $650 NGC 4625018-008. Purchased from Pegasi, 17 January 2011. 

Ex Berk 166, 15 October 2009, lot 270. The moneyer commemorates Q. Pomponius Rufus, 84

Enlargement


Another Nice Elephant

423. Julius Caesar. Denarius, 3.84g (6h). Gaul, 49-8 BC. Obv: Elephant advancing right, trampling serpent; CAESAR in exergue. Rx: Ladle, sprinkler, ax with handle topped by lion’s head, priest’s hat (apex). Crawford 443/1. Sydenham 1006. Sear, Imperators 9. Cohen 49 (2 Fr.). EF $400 Privately purchased from Ed Waddell. 

Enlargement

Mint State Q. Sicinius & C. Coponius Denarius

424. Q. Sicinius & C. Coponius. Denarius, 3.97g (3h). Rome, 49 BC. Obv: Head of Apollo right, star below; Q.SICINIVS before, III.VIR behind. Rx: Club of Hercules surmounted by lion skin with scalp to right; arrow on left, bow on right; C COPONIVS PR S C around. Crawford 444/1a. Sydenham 939. RSC Sicinia 1. Sear, Imperators 3. Mint State $300 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. 

COS behind. Rx: Jupiter standing facing, holding thunderbolt and eagle; on right, altar decorated with garland; on left, star and Q. Crawford 445/2. Sydenham 1030. RSC Cornelia 65. Sear, Imperators 5. Toned VF $200 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex SC Collection.

426. Ancient Imitation of Pompey the Great, (prototype struck by Varro, proquaestor). Denarius, 3.62g (7h). After 49 BC. Obv:[V]ARRO PRO Q Terminal bust of Jupiter right, diademed. Rx: Upright scepter between dolphin right and eagle standing left; MAGN (N retrograde) [PRO]/CO[S] in two lines in exergue. Cf. Crawford 447/1a. Cf. Sydenham 1033. Cf. Sear, Imperators 8. aEF; area of flat strike $500 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. 

427. C. Vibius C.f.C.n. Pansa Caetronianus. Denarius, 3.86g (4h). Rome, 48 BC. Obv: Mask of bearded Pan right, PANSA behind. Rx: Jupiter Axurus seated left, with head laureate and almost facing, holding patera and scepter; IOVIS.AXVR before, C. VIBIVS C.F.C.N behind. Crawford 449/1a. Sydenham 947. RSC Vibia 18. Sear, Imperators 20. EF; minor area of weak strike $200 Exceptional A. Licinius Nerva Denarius

Enlargement

425. L. Cornelius Lentulus & C. Claudius Marcellus. Denarius, 3.82g (4h). Apollonia, 49 BC. Obv: Head of Apollo right; L LENT C MARC before,

428. A. Licinius Nerva. Denarius, 3.83g (4h). Rome, 47 BC. Obv: Laureate head of Fides right, NERVA behind, FIDES before. Rx: One-armed horseman galloping right, dragging captive by the hair; A LICINI below, III VIR across field. Crawford 454/1. Sydenham 954. RSC Licinia 24. Sear, Imperators 30. EF; well detailed, exceptional for type $200 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection.  85


429. Mn. Cordius Rufus. Denarius, 3.70g (2h). Rome, 46 BC. Obv: Head of Venus right, RVFVS SC behind. Rx: Cupid on dolphin right; below, MN CORDIVS. Crawford 463/3. Sydenham 977. RSC Cordia 3. EF; minor area of weak strike $200 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 156, 23 October 2007, lot 273. 

432. Gnaeus Pompey, struck by M. Poblicius, legate. Denarius, 4.05g (4h). Spain, 46-45 BC. Obv: Head of Roma right, M. POBLICI. LEG. PRO PR around. Rx: Hispania standing right, shield on back, two spears under left arm; with right hand, presenting palm to Pompeian soldier armed with sword, his left foot on prow, [CN] MAGNVS. IMP below and right. Crawford 469/1c. Sydenham 1035. Sear, Imperators 48. EF; minor area of weak strike affecting Hispania $400 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 148, 29 March 2006, lot 224. 

430. Julius Caesar. Denarius, 3.97g (2h). 46 BC. Obv: DICT ITER COS TERT Head of Ceres right. Rx: [AV]GVR - PONT MAX Priestly emblems; to right, D. Crawford 467/1a. Sydenham 1023. Sear, Imperators 57. EF; banker’s mark on cheek; minor area of weak strike $250 Ex Berk 150, 10 June 2006, lot 350.  Mint State Caesar Denarius

431. Julius Caesar. Denarius, 3.96g (7h). 46-45 BC. Obv: Bust of Venus right wearing stephane, Cupid on shoulder. Rx: Trophy of arms including two curved trumpets, between seated female captive on left and seated male captive on right, the female mourning, the male with hands tied behind back; in exergue, CAESAR. Crawford 468/1. Sydenham 1014. Cohen 13 (2 Fr.). Sear, Imperators 58. Mint State $500

Enlargement

86

Extremely Sharp Portrait

433. Julius Caesar, struck by L. Aemilius Buca. Denarius, 3.86g (7h). Rome, 44 BC. Obv: Wreathed head of Caesar right; CAESAR before, [DICT PERPE]TVO behind. Rx: Venus standing left, holding Victory and scepter; L BVC[A] behind. Crawford 480/8. Sydenham 1061. Sear, Imperators 105. Weakly struck on left side of obverse, but extremely sharp portrait; banker’s mark before face. Extremely Fine $1,250 Ex Berk 153, 13 March 2007, lot 251.  A new die combination in Alföldi, Caesar in 44 v. Chr.: obverse die A2 (pl. CI, 13), reverse die 3 (e.g. pl. C, 4). There are curious features on the unstruck edge of the flan, namely dots and blobs at left on obverse and a triangular shape at lower left on reverse.

Enlargement


434. Julius Caesar, struck by P. Sepullius Macer. Denarius, 4.05g (11h). Rome, 44 BC. Obv: Veiled and wreathed head of Caesar right; CAESAR before, [DI]CT PERPETVO behind. Rx: Venus standing left, holding Victory and scepter resting on shield; P·SEPVLLIVS downwards behind, MACER downwards before. Crawford 480/13. Sydenham 1074. Sear, Imperators 107d. From the same dies as Alföldi, Caesar in 44 v. Chr., pl. LXXXV, 139. Toned EF; partial flat strike affecting mostly legend $1,500

436. P. Accoleius Lariscolus. Denarius, 3.81g (4h). Rome, 43 BC. Obv: Draped bust of Diana Nemorensis right, P. ACCOLEIVS LARISCOLVS around. Rx: Triple cult statue of Diana Nemorensis facing, supporting a beam, above which are five cypress trees, the statue on the left holds a poppy, that on the right a lily. Crawford 486/1. Sydenham 1148. RSC Accoleia 1. Sear, Imperators 172. Nicely toned EF $250

Ex Berk 155, 31 July 2007, lot 206.

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection.

Enlargement Enlargement

Desirable Toned Caesar Portrait Denarius

435. Julius Caesar, struck by C. Cossutius Maridianus. Denarius, 4.00g (4h). Rome, 44 BC. Obv: Veiled and wreathed head of Caesar right; CAESAR PARENS PATRIAE around. Rx: C. COSSVTIVS MARIDIANVS in form of cross, A A A F.F in angles. Crawford 480/19. Sydenham 1069. Sear, Imperators 112. Beautifully toned aEF $2,000 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. 

Enlargement

437. Petillius Capitolinus. Denarius, 4.07g (1h). Rome, 43 BC. Obv: Eagle standing right on thunderbolt, PETILLIVS above, CAPITOLINV[S] below. Rx: Temple of six columns; S to left, F to right. Crawford 487/2b. Sydenham 1151. RSC Petillia 3. Sear, Imperators 174a. EF $250 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Pegasi, April 2011. 

Enlargement

87


Fine

438. P. Clodius M.f. Turrinus. Denarius, 3.76g (2h). Rome, 42 BC. Obv: Laureate head of Apollo right, lyre behind. Rx: P.CLODIVS on right, M.F on left, Diana Lucifera standing right holding two long torches, bow and quiver on her shoulder. Crawford 494/23. Sydenham 1117. RSC Claudia 15. Sear, Imperators 184. Toned EF $150

Enlargement

Nice Lepidus and Octavian Denarius

439. Lepidus and Octavian. Denarius, 3.75g (5h). Italy, 42 BC. Obv: Bare head of Lepidus right, LEPIDVS. PONT.MAX. - III [.VIR.] R.P.C. around (NT, MA, and probably also VIR ligate). Rx: Bare head of Octavian right, CAESAR.IMP.III. - VIR.P.C. around (MP ligate). Crawford 495/2b. Sydenham 1323a (R6). Sear, Imperators, 140. Cohen p. 34, 1 (40 Fr.). Toned aEF; area of weak strike $600 NGC 4625019-004. Ex Berk 153, 13 March 2007, lot 248.  Extreme Rarity

440. L. Staius Murcus. Denarius, 3.73g (12h). , 42-41 BC. Obv: Head of Neptune right, with trident over shoulder. Rx: Male figure on right, with right hand raising kneeling female figure on left; behind, trophy; in exergue, [MV]RCVS IMP. Crawford 510/1. Sydenham 1315 (R8). RSC Statia 1. Sear, Imperators 337. Bold 88

$4,000

Lucius Staius Murcus began his political career as a legate of Caesar in Gaul and Africa from 48-46 BC. After Caesar’s murder, he was appointed proconsul of Syria by the Senate. When Cassius arrived in the province in 43 BC, Murcus promptly transferred his allegiance and legions to the Liberator and was rewarded with command of a fleet. He demonstrated considerable skill as a naval tactician and in uneasy partnership with Ahenobarbus achieved complete control of the Adriatic and the seas around Greece. After the Republican disaster at Philippi, the two admirals waited developments in the Ionian Sea in support of no cause but their own, pirates in all but name. Murcus eventually made the ill-fated decision to throw in his lot with Sextus Pompey in Sicily. Pompey no doubt welcomed the arrival of Murcus’ ships and well-seasoned crews, but Murcus himself was inconveniently accustomed to his own independent command. The two men soon quarreled; Pompey accused Murcus of conspiracy and ordered his execution in 40/39 BC. The rare coinage of Staius Murcus has never received the careful examination it merits. The depiction of Neptune on the obverse is an exact echo of an issue struck by Brutus in the previous year (Crawford 507/2), perhaps an indication of Murcus’ lingering allegiance to the Republican cause. The type and legend of the reverse is more difficult to explain. For what victory did Murcus justify the adoption of the title IMP for Imperator? Sear in “Imperators” suggests the successful siege of Bassus in Apamaea in 43 BC as a suitable occasion, but Republican commanders didn’t typically claim the title imperator for victory over their fellow Romans. Nor would that land siege two years earlier resonate with the sailors under Murcus’ command in 41 BC, presumably the intended targets of the message. How does the title relate to the scene depicted? Is the standing male figure Murcus? Is the kneeling figure Roma, as suggested by Crawford? Again, what battle is represented by the trophy? An attractive example of an extremely rare coin, without the porosity, poor centering and doublestriking that notoriously plague this issue. It’s been plausibly suggested that the endemic doublestriking indicates that these coins were actually struck aboard a ship in Murcus’ fleet!

441. Sextus Pompey. Denarius, 3.78g (11h). Sicily, 42-40 BC. Obv: MAG PI[VS. IMP. ITER] Bare head of


Pompey the Great right; behind, capis; before, lituus. Rx: [PR]ÆF above, CLAS ET. ORÆ/MARIT EX. SC in two lines in exergue, Neptune standing left, leaning forward, holding apluster and resting foot on prow, between the Catanaean brothers, Anapias and Amphinomus, who carry their parents on their shoulders. Crawford 511/3a. Sydenham 1344. Sear, Imperators 334. EF $1,500

DEVICTA Bare head of Antony right, Armenian tiara behind. Crawford 543/1. Sydenham 1210 (R7). Sear, Imperators 345. VF; area of weak strike $2,000

Enlargement

Enlargement

442. Mark Antony and Octavian. Denarius, 3.85g (7h). Italy, 40-39 BC. Obv: M ANTON IMP III VIR R P C Bare head of Antony right, star below. Rx: CAESAR IMP III VIR R P C, Bare head of Octavian right. Crawford 528/2a. Sydenham 1193. Sear, Imperators 261. Nicely toned aEF $1,000

444. Mark Antony. Denarius, 3.87g (7h). Mint moving with Antony, 32-31 BC. Obv: ANT AVG III VIR R P C Galley right. Rx: LEG II Legionary eagle between two standards. Crawford 544/14. Sydenham 1216. Sear, Imperators 349. EF; area of weak strike $800 NGC 4625163-011. 

NGC 4625018-002.

Enlargement

Enlargement

Excellent Cleopatra Portrait

443. Cleopatra and Mark Antony. Denarius, 3.93g (11h). Alexandria, 34 BC. Obv: CLE[OPATR]AE REGINAE REGVM FILIORVM REGVM Draped and diademed bust of Cleopatra right. Rx: ANTONI ARMENIA

445. Mark Antony. Legionary Denarius, 3.84g (7h). Military mint, 32-31 BC. Obv: Galley right, with scepter tied with fillet on prow; ANT.AVG above, IIIVIR.R.P.C below. Rx: LEG - II across lower field, Legionary eagle right between two standards. Crawford 544/14. Sydenham 1216. Sear, Imperators 349. Cohen 27 (2 Fr.). EF $750

Enlargement

89


446. Mark Antony. Legionary Denarius, 3.69g (6h). Military mint, 32-31 BC. Obv: Galley right, with scepter tied with fillet on prow; ANT.AVG above, IIIVIR.R.P.C below. Rx: LEG - VI across lower field, Legionary eagle right between two standards. Crawford 544/19. Sydenham 1223. Sear, Imperators 359. Cohen 33 (2 Fr.). EF $1,000

Enlargement

Enlargement

449. Augustus. Denarius, 4.01g (9h). Rome, c. 19 BC, Moneyer P. Petronius Turpilianus. Obv: CAES[AR] - [A]VGVSTVS Head bare r. Rx: P PETRON TVRPILIA[N III VIR] Pegasus standing r. BMC 23. Paris 147. Cohen 491 (20 Fr.). RIC 297 (R2). EF $1,000 NGC 4625018-003. Ex Berk 151, 1 November 2006, lot 333. 

447. Mark Antony. Denarius, 3.92g (4h). Mint moving with Antony, 32-31 BC. Obv: ANT AVG / IIIVIR R P C Galley right. Rx: LEG VII Legionary eagle between two standards. Crawford 544/20. Sydenham 1224. Sear, Imperators 357. EF $650

Enlargement

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 193, 30 April 2015, lot 242. Aegypto Capta - Defeat of Antony and Cleopatra

448. Augustus. 27 BC-14 AD. Denarius, 3.75g (9h). Unattributed mint, 28 BC. Obv: CAESAR DIVI F COS VI Head bare right, small capricorn below neck. Rx: Crocodile standing right, jaws closed; AEGVPTO above, CAPTA below. BM 653. Paris 929, pl. XXXVI (same obv. die). Cohen 4 (30 Fr.). RIC 545 (R3). This reverse type commemorates Octavian’s capture of Egypt and victory over Antony and Cleopatra, in essence marking the end of the Roman Republic and the beginning of the Empire. aEF/EF $2,000 NGC 4625019-019. Ex Berk 151, 1 November 2006, lot 331, there with pedigree “Ex Roy Buchanan Collection”.  90

450. Augustus. Denarius, 3.56g (7h). Colonia Patricia, 19-15 BC. Obv: CAESAR - AVGVSTVS Head bare right. Rx: S P - Q R across field, Victory flying right, holding out wreath with both hands over shield inscribed CL V; the shield leans against a column, the top of which is seen above Victory’s head. BM 404. Paris 1121. Cohen 289 (10 Fr.). Cf. RIC 88 (aureus). aVF $250 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. 

451. Augustus Obverse Brockage. Denarius, 3.80g (12h). Lugdunum, c. 10-8 BC. Obv: AVGVSTVS - DIVI F Head laureate right. Rx: Incuse mirror image of obverse portrait and legend. VF $150 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from CNG,


September 2002. Laureate obverse dies in this style were used in three successive issues at Lugdunum, first in those dated IMP XII or IMP XIIII, and finally in that with reverse type C CAES AVGVS F, Caius Caesar on horseback right, three standards behind horse. See Giard, Paris Catalogue, pl. LVIII-LX.

AD. Obv: CAESAR AVGVSTVS - DIVI F PATER PATRIAE Head laureate right. Rx: C L CAESARES in exergue, AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT around, Gaius and Lucius Caesars standing holding honorary shields and spears, simpulum and lituus above. BM 519. Paris 1651. Cohen 43. RIC 207. Unusually beautiful portrait of Augustus for this issue. Lustrous EF $450 Ex Berk 153, 13 March 2007, lot 259.

452. Augustus. Aureus, 7.88g (1h). Lugdunum, 2 BC-4 AD. Obv: CAESAR AVGVSTVS - DIVI F PATER PATRIAE Head laureate right. Rx: C L CAESARES in exergue, AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT around, Gaius and Lucius Caesars standing holding honorary shields and spears, simpulum and lituus above. BM 514. Paris 1648. Cohen 42 (45 Fr.). RIC 206. Calicó 176. EF $4,500

455. Divus Augustus. . As, 11.30g (1h). Rome, 15-16 AD. Obv: [DIV]VS AVGV - STVS PATER Head radiate left, star above forehead, thunderbolt before mouth. Rx: S - C to left and right of veiled Livia seated right, holding patera and scepter. BM 151. RIC 72 (C). Paris 44. Cohen 244 (5 Fr.). Good VF $100

Enlargement

453. Augustus. Denarius, 3.87g (12h). Lugdunum, 2 BC-4 AD. Obv: [CAESAR] AVGVSTVS - DIVI F PATER PAT[RIAE] Head laureate right. Rx: [C L] CAESARES in exergue, AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IV[VENT] around, Gaius and Lucius Caesars standing holding honorary shields and spears, simpulum and lituus above. BM 519. Paris 1651. Cohen 43. RIC 207. aEF $350

456. Tiberius. 14-37 AD. Aureus, 7.74g (9h). Lugdunum. Obv: TI CAESAR DIVI - AVG F AVGVSTVS Head laureate right. Rx: PONTIF - MAXIM Livia seated right holding reversed spear and branch, throne legs ornamented, triple line beneath throne. BM 39. Paris 17. RIC 27. Giard, Lyon, 145 (12 spec.). Mint State $5,000 NGC 4624985-006. Acquired from CNG stock, no. 783885, 30 January 2011. 

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased in October 1998. Superb Portrait for Issue

454. Augustus. Denarius, 3.64g (10h). Lugdunum, 2 BC-4

Enlargement

91


(R29) as Giard, Monnayage de Lyon, pl. XXXVII, 157/15a; our obverse die not in Giard. Exceptional portraits. Toned EF $6,000 457. Tiberius. Denarius, 3.63g (10h). Lugdunum. Obv: TI CAESAR DIVI - AVG F AVGVSTVS Head laureate right. Rx: PONTIF - MAXIM Livia seated right holding scepter and branch, throne has plain legs, two lines below. BMC 34. Paris 16. Cohen 16. RIC 26. Mint State $1,000 NGC 4625017-008. Ex Berk 151, 1 November 2006, lot 336. 

Enlargement

NGC 4624985-009. Ex Gemini III, 9 January 2007, lot 343; ex Sotheby’s, New York, Nelson Bunker Hunt Collection, Part IV, 19-20 June 1991, lot 690; ex Leu 25, 23 April 1980, lot 244. “Caligula at first intended to bestow on Tiberius similar honours to those enjoyed by Augustus, but desisted in face of the passive resistance of the Senate. The two stars (on his earliest aurei and denarii) suggest two ‘divi’, Augustus and (Tiberius)” (Mattingly, BMC I, p. cxliv).

Enlargement

458. No Lot

459. Tiberius. Denarius, 3.90g (8h). Lugdunum. Obv: TI CAESAR DIVI - AVG F AVGVSTVS Head laureate right. Rx: PONTIF - MAXIM Livia seated right holding scepter and branch, throne legs ornamented, footstool below feet, single line beneath throne. BM 48. Paris 28. RIC 30. Cohen 16. Near Mint State $650 Purchased from Ed Waddell.  Two Excellent Denarii of Caligula

460. Caligula and Divus Augustus. 37-41 AD. Denarius, 3.74g (2h). Lugdunum, 37 AD. Obv: C CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR POT COS Bare head of Caligula right. Rx: No legend, radiate head of Divus Augustus right between two stars. BMC 4. Paris 3. Cohen 11 (12 Fr.). RIC 2. From the same reverse die 92

461. Caligula and Germanicus. Denarius, 3.67g (5h). Lugdunum, 37-8 AD. Obv: C CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR POT Laureate head of Caligula right. Rx: GERMANICVS CAES P C CAES AVG GERM Bare head of Germanicus r. These dies not illustrated in Giard’s Monnayage…de Lyon. BM 19. Paris 15. Cohen 2 (25 Fr.). RIC 18 (R2). Wonderful portraits. Toned EF $6,000

Enlargement


462. Caligula. As, 11.66g (7h). Rome, 40-1 AD. Obv: C CAESAR DIVI AVG PRON AVG P M TR P IIII [P P] Head bare left. Rx: VES[TA] S - C Vesta seated left holding patera and scepter. BM 73. Cohen 29 (2 Fr.). Paris 121. RIC 54. Tiny pinpoint breaks in the obverse field, otherwise exceptional portrait on a beautifully toned flan. EF $1,000

465. Claudius I. Denarius (plated), British mint, 3.17g (2h). Obv: TI CLAV (sic) CAESAR AVG P M TR P VI IMP XI Laureate head right. Rx: SPQR / P P / OB C S in three lines within oak wreath. Contemporary imitation of BM 45, Paris 71, Cohen 87, and RIC 41, with letter omitted on obverse (D of CLAVD). Some old hairline scratches on obverse. Toned aEF $750 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Parthenon, London, June 2001.  Sister of Caligula, Wife of Claudius Mother of Nero Bad Choices

Enlargement

463. Claudius I. 41-54 AD. Denarius, 3.74g (3h). Lugdunum, 51-2 AD. Obv: [TI CLAVD CAESA]R AVG P M TR P XI IMP P P [COS V] Laureate head right. Rx: PACI - AVGVSTAE Winged Nemesis advancing right, pulling out fold of robe below her head and extending winged caduceus above snake gliding right before her. BM 69. Paris 71. Cohen 68 (10 Fr.). RIC 62 (R3). These dies apparently not illustrated in von Kaenel, pl. 12. VF $1,500 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Teaparty, November 1999. 

464. Claudius I. Denarius (plated), British mint, 2.78g (10h). Obv: TI C[LAVD CAE]SAR AVG P M TR P VI IMP XI Laureate head right. Rx: SPQR / P P / OB C S in three lines within oak wreath. Contemporary imitation of BM 45, Paris 71, Cohen 87, and RIC 41. EF $1,000

466. Claudius I and Agrippina II. Died 54 AD. Denarius, 3.50g (12h). Lugdunum, 51-4 AD. Obv: TI CLAVD CAESAR AVG GERM P M TRIB POT P P Laureate head of Claudius right. Rx: AGRIPPINAE AVGVSTAE Draped bust of Agrippina right wearing wreath of wheat ears. Neither of our dies appears to be illustrated in von Kaenel’s die catalogue of Claudius’ coinage, pl. 13-14. BM 75. Paris 82. Cohen 4 (20 Fr.). RIC 81. With excellent portraits of Claudius and of his niece who had become his wife! Mint State $6,000 Ex Berk 158, 26 March 2008, lot 227. 

Enlargement

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 105, 17 November 1998, lot 347. 93


467. Nero and Agrippina. 54-68 AD. Fourrée Denarius, 2.95g (6h). Lugdunum, 54-5 AD. Obv: [AGRIPP AVG DI]VI CLAVD NERONIS CAES MATER Head bare of Nero right facing draped bust of Agrippina left. Rx: NERONI CLAVD DIVI F CAES AVG GERM IMP TR P around oak wreath enclosing EX S C. BM 3. Paris 8. Cohen 7 (30 Fr.). RIC 2 (R2). Excellent visá-vis portraits of Nero and his mother. Planchet break on Agrippina’s head. aEF $750 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Spartan Numismatics, September 2006.  Agrippina’s rapid loss of influence after successfully engineering Claudius’ death and Nero’s accession to the throne, culminating in her expulsion from the palace by Nero, is reflected in the gold and silver coinage of Nero’s first regnal year. Agrippina is prominent in Nero’s first coin type as emperor, shown by our denarius: her titles occupy the obverse, relegating Nero’s titles to the reverse, and her portrait faces Nero’s, though in the subordinate right-hand position. In the second type, the titles changed places, Nero’s now occupying the obverse, and the portraits became jugate, with Agrippina behind Nero. Thereafter, Agrippina was entirely excluded from the coinage. Final Issue

468. Nero. Denarius, 3.41g (6h). Rome, c. 67-8 AD. Obv: IMP NERO CAESAR - AVG P P Head laureate right. Rx: IVPPITER - CVSTOS Jupiter seated left holding thunderbolt and scepter. BMC 80. Paris 239. Cohen 123 (3 Fr.). RIC 69 (R). Extremely sharp portrait. Mint State $1,000 NGC 4625017-009. Ex Berk 153, 13 March 2007, lot 266.  Rare final issue of reign: no coins like ours in Reka Devnia hoard, as opposed to 23 and 15 specimens in the hoard with the same reverse type but obverse legends NERO CAESAR AVGVSTVS and IMP NERO CAESAR AVGVSTVS respectively. 94

Enlargement

469. Nero. Denarius, 3.09g (5h). Rome, c. 67-8 AD. Obv: IMP NERO CAESAR - AVG P P Head laureate right. Rx: SALVS in exergue, Salus seated left on highbacked throne, holding patera and resting left elbow on arm rest. BM 98. Paris 242. Cohen 316 (3 Fr.). RIC 71 (R). Scarce with this obverse legend; probably three specimens in Reka Devnia hoard (as Cohen 319). EF $600 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Grünow, Berlin, June 2001. 

470. Galba. 68-69 AD. Denarius, 3.43g (5h). Rome. Obv: [I]MP SE[R] - GALBA AVG Head bare right. Rx: SPQR / OB / C - S in three lines within oak wreath. RIC 167. Paris 76. Cohen 287. BM 35 corr. Bareheaded portrait, wrongly described as laureate in BMC. Hair on portrait flatly struck. EF $300 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased in London, December 2001. 

471. Galba. Denarius, 3.46g (7h). Rome. Obv: IMP SER GALBA - CAESAR AVG Bust laureate, draped right. Rx: VICTORIA - P - R Victory of the Roman People standing left on globe, holding wreath and palm. BMC 49. RIC 217. Paris 97. Cohen 328 (12 Fr.). Excellent portrait. Choice EF $1,000 NGC 4625018-004. Ex Berk 150, 8 August 2006, lot 383. 


472. Galba. Silver Quinarius, 1.55g (7h). Lugdunum. Obv: SER GALBA IMP CAESAR AVG P M T P Head laureate right. Rx: VICTORIA - GALBAE AVG Victory standing right on globe, holding wreath and palm. BMC 244. RIC 132 (R2) corr. Paris 63, pl. V (same rev. die). King 1 (18 spec.). Cohen 317 (30 Fr.). Fine+ $300 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased in October 1998. 

474. Galba. Denarius, 3.30g (5h). Tarraco. Obv: GALBA IMP Laureate head of Galba left on globe. Rx: ROMA RENASCENS (starting at 2 o’clock) Roma, wearing helmet and military dress, standing right holding Victory and transverse spear. BMC 184a var. Paris 14. Cohen 210 (10 Fr.). RIC 26 (R2). VF $800 Ex Berk 140, 27 October 2004, lot 276. 

Three Rare Tarraco Denarii

473. Galba. Denarius, 3.39g (5h). Tarraco. Obv: GALBA - IMP Head laureate left on globe. Rx: LIBERTAS PVBLICA Libertas standing left holding cap and scepter. Cf. RIC 22 (Aureus); the denarius was added, citing an example in ANS, by Sutherland, Supplementum Galbianum, Quaderni Ticinesi XIII, 1984, p. 172. aEF $1,500 Ex Jyrki Muona Collection. 

Enlargement

475. Galba. Denarius, 3.50g (5h). Tarraco. Obv: GALBA - IM[PERATOR] Head laureate right on globe. Rx: LIB - [ERTAS] - RESTITVTA Libertas standing left, apparently emptying a cup and holding scepter. BM 198, pl. 54.3. RIC 9 (R2), pl. 24 (the BM spec.). Cf. Paris 12, pl. III (apparently no globe below bust). Cohen 133 (120 Fr.). VF $1,000 Ex Jyrki Muona Collection. 

Enlargement

On the Paris specimen of this coin the scepter on reverse has a thickened upper end, so Cohen thought it was a thyrsus and called the figure Ariadne. On the BM specimen the scepter has no bulge at the end, but Matting still followed Cohen in calling it a “thyrsus(?)”, and suggested that the figure was a Bacchante, the type perhaps referring to “some kindness that Galba rendered to Spain in the form of removal of restrictions on the culture of vines” (Introduction, p. ccix). It seems more probable that the deity is just Libertas, as named in the legend, and that the cup she apparently empties on several dies, replacing her normal cap of liberty, is merely an engraver’s whim or error. 95


Magnificent Portrait Naville 1922/Ratto 1928/MM 1946/Ratto 1955 Etc.

476. Galba. Sestertius, 23.28g (6h). Rome. Obv: IMP. SER.GALBA.C - AES AVG TR P Bust laureate, draped right., seen from side. Rx: S - C across field, Victory advancing left holding Palladium and palm. BM 107. Paris 174 (same obv. die). Cohen 261 (6 Fr.). RIC 352 (S). Extremely sharp and complete, showing even the details of the leaves in Galba’s wreath which are usually lost to flat striking or wear. Struck on an exceptionally broad flan and perfectly centered; probably one of the finest Galba sestertii in existence. Magnificent EF $15,000 Ex Bertolami 37, 19-20 September 2017, lot 578. Ex NAC 78, 26-27 May 2014, lot 2148. Ex M. Ratto, Milan, 19 January 1956, lot 80. Ex M. Ratto, Milan, 26-29 January 1955, Dr. G. Giorgi Collection, lot 366. Ex M & M Basel VI, 6-7 December 1946, lot 796. Ex R. Ratto, Lugano, 8 February 1928, Morcom - Hands - Wertheim, lot 2213. Ex Naville II, 12-14 June 1922, Vautier - Collignon, lot 394.  Kraay 73, Officina B, obverse die A1, reverse die P105, cited only our single coin for this die combination, though Kraay mistakenly made one of its auction appearances into a different, second, specimen; Kraay’s specimens a and b are actually one and the same coin. The reverse type is interesting, conveying the idea that it was within Victory’s power to bestow control over Rome (the Palladium); such a type occurred only on sestertii of the two successive emperors Nero and Galba, under Nero on a very rare coin of late in his reign showing Victory advancing right (BMC pl. 48.1), then under Galba on scarce sestertii showing her advancing either left or right, found by Kraay in a total of nineteen reverse dies (p. 56).

Enlargement

477. Otho. 69 AD. Denarius, 3.44g (6h). Rome. Obv: IMP M OTHO CAESAR AVG TR P Head bare right. Rx: SECV - RI - TAS P R Securitas standing left holding wreath and scepter. BM 18. Paris 10. Cohen 17 (12 Fr.). RIC 8 (R2). Near Mint State $600 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Acquired in November 1999. 

96


478. Otho. Denarius, 3.33g (7h). Rome. Obv: I[MP] OTHO CAESAR AVG TR P Head bare right. Rx: PONT - MAX Aequitas standing left holding scales and scepter. BM 6. Paris 22. Cohen 9 (12 Fr.). RIC 19 (R2). Rare second issue of reign, comprising five types all with reverse legend PONT MAX. Reverse softly struck. aEF $900 NGC 4625018-001. 

479. Vitellius. 69 AD. Denarius, 3.40g (7h). Rome. Obv: [A V]ITELLIVS GER - MAN IMP [TR P] Head laureate right. Rx: No legend. Victory seated left holding patera and palm. BMC 19. Paris 49. C 119 (12 Fr.) RIC 88. Excellent portrait. EF $500 Ex Berk 137, 2 April 2004, lot 296.  Rare: only two specimens in Reka Devnia hoard. Attractive anepigraphic reverse type. Eradicated legend error above portrait on obverse.

480. Vitellius. Denarius, 3.51g (6h). Rome. Obv: A VITELLIVS GERM IMP AVG TR P Head laureate right. Rx: XV VIR - SACR FAC Tripod, dolphin on top, raven between legs. BMC 39. RIC 109. Paris 77. Cohen 111 (3 Fr.). Exceptional portrait struck in the style of a Rome-mint sestertius. Virtually Mint State $1,200 NGC 4625017-002. Ex Berk 150, 8 August 2006, lot 385. 

481. Vitellius. Denarius, 3.43g (7h). Tarraco. Obv: A VITELLIVS -[ IMP GERMAN] Head laureate right, globe below neck. Rx: VICTORIA - [AVGVSTI] Victory flying left holding round shield inscribed SP / QR. BM 125. Paris 30. Cohen 99 (12 Fr.). RIC 62 (S). EF $500 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Grünow, Berlin, July 2002. 

482. Vespasian. 69-79 AD. Denarius, 3.23g (6h). Rome, 70 AD. Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG Head laureate right. Rx: IVDAEA in exergue, Mourning Judaea, veiled and supporting head with left hand, seated right on ground beside trophy. RIC 2 (C2). BM 35. Paris 23. Cohen 226 (5 Fr.). Hendin 1479. Good VF $300 NGC 4625017-014. 

483. Vespasian. Denarius, 3.48g (7h). Rome, 70 AD. Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG Head laureate right. Rx: COS ITER - FORT RED Fortuna standing left, setting right hand on prow and holding cornucopia in left hand. RIC 19 (C). BM 7. Paris 7. Cohen 84 (2 Fr.). Mint State $400 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 133, 22 July 2003, lot 320. 

97


484. Vespasian. Denarius, 3.17g (6h). Rome, 71 AD. Obv: IMP CAES VES - P AVG P M Head laureate right. Rx: PON - MAX across field, Vesta seated left holding ladle. RIC 45 (C). BM 55. Paris 39. Cohen 358 (3 Fr.). Scarce with PON MAX on reverse repeating the P M in the obverse legend; three specimens in Reka Devnia hoard. Hairline on reverse field at 8:00. Lustrous toned Mint State $250 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Parthenon, London, June 2001. 

485. Vespasian Obverse Brockage. Denarius, 3.36g (12h). Rome, 72-3 AD. Obv: [IMP] CAES VESP AVG P M CO[S IIII] Head laureate right. Rx: Incuse mirror image of the same obverse portrait and legend. Cf. RIC p. 83 (with the intended reverse types, eliminated on our coin by the brockage). EF $150 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 148, 29 March 2006, lot 250. 

486. Vespasian. Denarius, 3.33g (6h). Rome, 74 AD. Obv: IMP CAESAR - VESPASIANVS AVG Head laureate right. Rx: PON MAX - TR P COS V Winged caduceus upright. RIC 684 (C). BM 137. Paris 112. Cohen 362 (2 Fr.). Dark toned Mint State $250 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 105, 17 November 1998, lot 352.  98

487. Vespasian. Denarius, 3.18g (5h). Rome, 75 AD. Obv: IMP CAESAR - VESPASIANVS AVG Head laureate right. Rx: PON MAX - TR P COS VI Victory standing left on prow, holding wreath and palm. RIC 777 (C2). BM 166. Paris 142. Cohen 368 (2 Fr.). Only 23 specimens in Reka Devnia hoard, so scarcer than RIC’s “C2” might suggest. EF $200 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 106, 20 January 1999, lot 465. 

488. Vespasian. Denarius, 3.42g (5h). Rome, 79 AD. Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG Head laureate right. Rx: TR POT X - COS VIIII Victory standing left setting shield on trophy, below which sits mourning Judaea. RIC 1068 (C). BM 246. Paris 214. Hendin 1485. Cohen 552 (5 Fr.). Scarce late Judaea Capta type: only seven specimens in Reka Devnia hoard. EF $200 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 106, 20 January 1999, lot 466.  Flawless Small Portrait Ex Levis, Naville 1925; Ex VJE Ryan 1952

489. Vespasian. Sestertius, 27.57g (6h). Rome, 71 AD. Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG P M T P P P COS III Bust laureate, draped right. Rx: PAX AVGVSTI S - C Pax standing left holding branch and cornucopia. RIC 98 (R2). Bust variety of BM 772, pl.


34.3. Struck on a broad flan, this small flawless portrait of Vespasian is surrounded by an extremely long legend. The quality of this coin can be seen by the two exceptional collectors who owned it. Choice EF$5,000 Ex Glendining, 2 April 1952, V.J.E. Ryan Coll., Part 5, lot 2351. Ex Naville XI, 18-20 June 1925, H.C. Levis Coll., lot 445. Colin Kraay in his unpublished die catalogue of Vespasian’s sestertii of 70-71 AD, no. 97, cited for this die combination our coin only, from the Ryan and Levis collections. This coin is part of Vespasian’s earliest sestertius issue of 71 AD, with CAESAR VESPASIANVS…COS III in the obverse legend, which is characterized by a large and interesting variety of imperial portraits, bust types, and reverse types, for example the unusual laureate, draped bust on our coin, rather than the normal head laureate right. This draped bust type may be seen from the back as on our coin, or seen from the side as on BMC pl. 34.3, a distinction that is overlooked in the new RIC.

Exceptional Minerva Image

491. Domitian. 81-96 AD. Denarius, 3.50g (7h). Rome, 86 AD. Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG - GERM P M TR P V Head laureate right. Rx: IMP XI COS XII - CENS P P P Minerva standing left holding spear, left hand on hip. RIC 431 (R). BM p. 318, *. Paris 93. Cohen 192 (2 Fr.). Rare with these titles: none in Reka Devnia hoard, not in BM by 1976. Mint State $200 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 126, 23 April 2002, lot 270. 

Enlargement

Enlargement

490. Domitian as Caesar. 70-81 AD. Denarius, 3.51g (6h). Rome, 80 AD. Obv: CAESAR DIVI F DOMITIANVS COS VII Head laureate right. Rx: PRINCEPS [IVVE]NTVTIS Goat standing left within laurel wreath. RIC 267 (C). BM 88. Paris 73. Cohen 390 (10 Fr.). Rare and unusual type, only two specimens in Reka Devnia hoard, probably depicting the goat that was reputed to have nursed the infant Jupiter. aEF$200 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased in January 1998. 

492. Domitian. Denarius, 3.50g (7h). Rome, 88-9 AD. Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG - [G]ERM P M TR P VIII Head laureate right. Rx: COS - XIIII across field, column inscribed LVD / SAEC / FEC, all within wreath that has ties at bottom and circlet of pearls at top. RIC 604 (C). BM 137. Paris 126. Cohen 70 corr. (20 Fr.). Rare type commemorating the Saecular Games celebrated by Domitian in 88 AD: only one specimen in Reka Devnia hoard. aEF $150 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 150, 8 August 2006, lot 395.  The column with inscription represents the monument bearing an account of the games that was erected by senatorial decree as a permanent record of the celebration. 99


mint are rare: they occur only in this one EPHE issue, and all show this unusual cuirassed bust of the Caesar, seen from front. Mint State $300 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 106, 20 January 1999, lot 473. 493. Domitian. Denarius, 3.47g (7h). Rome, 88-9 AD. Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG - GERM P M TR P VIII Head laureate right. Rx: IMP XIX COS XIIII CENS P P P Minerva fighting right with spear and shield. RIC 667 (C3). BM 151. Paris 145. Cohen 252 (2 Fr.). Mint State $100 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 126, 23 April 2002, lot 275. 

Enlargement

Enlargement

494. Domitian. Silver Quinarius, 1.50g (7h). Rome, 88 AD. Obv: [IMP CA]ES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VII Head laureate right. Rx: IMP XIIII COS XIII CENS P P P Victory advancing right holding wreath and palm. RIC 589 (C2). BM 127. Cohen 239 (citing Vienna, 12 Fr.). King 11 (15 spec.). Rare like all silver quinarii of Domitian, surely not “C2” as RIC indicates! EF $200 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Pegasi, April 2006. 

Cuirassed Bust of Domitian at Ephesus

495. Domitian as Caesar. 70-81 AD. Denarius, 3.23g (7h). Ephesus, 71 AD. Obv: DOMITIAN[VS CAES]AR AVG F Bare-headed, cuirassed bust right, seen from front. Rx: PACI ORB - TERR AVG around, EPHE (PHE ligate) in exergue, Female bust right, draped and wearing crown of towers. RIC 1448 (R), pl. 78 (same dies). RPC 849 (4 specimens), pl. 34 (Vienna specimen, same obv. die as ours). BM 474. Cohen 337 (Wiczay, 25 Frs.). Denarii of Domitian from this 100

496. Nerva. 96-98 AD. Denarius, 3.68g (7h). Rome, 96 AD. Obv: IMP NERVA CAES AVG - P M TR P COS II P P Head laureate right. Rx: CONCORDIA -EXERCITVVM Clasped hands before legionary eagle set on prow. BM 8. Paris 6. Cohen 25 (2 Fr.). RIC 3. Scarce: eight specimens in Reka Devnia hoard. Mint State $300 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 126, 23 April 2002, lot 287.  The eagle and the prow on the reverse of this coin face right, not left as usual. Paris 109-110 has the same variant on a dupondius reverse die in 97; all other coins with this reverse type illustrated in BMC, the Paris catalogue, and Berk photofile show eagle and prow facing left.

Enlargement


497. Nerva. Denarius, 3.67g (7h). Rome, 96 AD. Obv: IMP NERVA CAES AVG - P M TR P COS II P P Head laureate right. Rx: LIBERTAS -PVBLICA Libertas standing left holding cap and transverse scepter. BM 17. Paris 10. Cohen 106 (2 Fr.). RIC 7. Struck on a broad flan. Mint State $250

106-7 AD. Obv: IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P Bust laureate, draped, cuirassed right. Rx: SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI Mars standing left, head right, holding spear and resting hand on shield supported by kneeling Dacian captive. MIR 219f (22 spec.). BM 161. Paris 377. Cohen 377 corr. (2 Fr.). RIC 158 (C). Rare: only two specimens in Reka Devnia hoard. Bold VF $100 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Acquired in January 1998.

NGC 4625017-001.

498. Nerva. Denarius, 3.29g (7h). Rome, 98 AD. Obv: IMP NERVA CAES AVG GERM P M TR P II Head laureate right. Rx: IMP II - COS IIII P P Aequitas standing left holding scales and cornucopia. BM 64. Paris 47. Cohen 91 (2 Fr.). RIC 44 (C). Short final issue of Nerva’s reign, lasting less than a month until his death on 28 January 98. Six denarii of this type in Reka Devnia hoard. Mint State $300 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 126, 23 April 2002, lot 308. 

499. Nerva. Tetradrachm, 14.44g (12h). Seleucis and Pieria, Antiochia ad Orontem, Year 1=96/7 AD. Obv: AVT NEPOVΣ - KAIΣ ΣEB Bust laureate right, aegis with Medusa head and snakes on front shoulder and behind neck. Rx: ETOVΣ. - NEOV.IEPOV. - A Eagle with wings raised standing right on thunderbolt, palm branch in right field. McAlee 419. Prieur 149 (87 spec.). RPC 3476. EF $400 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Calgary Coin, April 1999. 

501. Trajan. Denarius, 3.30g (8h). Rome, c. 107-108 AD. Obv: IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P Bust laureate right with fold of cloak on front shoulder and behind neck. Rx: DANVVIVS in exergue, COS V S P Q R OPTIMO PRINC around, Danube reclining left, head right, cloak billowing over head, right hand on ship’s prow, left elbow on urn from which water flows. MIR 277b (148 spec.). BM 395. Paris 266. Cohen 136 (5 Fr.). RIC 100 (S). Not common: 18 specimens in Reka Devnia hoard. VF $150 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Alex Malloy, March 2000. 

502. Trajan. Denarius, 3.68g (6h). Rome, c. 110 AD. Obv: IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P Bust laureate right, fold of cloak on front shoulder and behind neck. Rx: COS V P P SPQ[R OPTI]MO PRINC Victory, fully clothed, standing left holding wreath and palm. MIR 288b (87 spec.). BM 335. Rev. type var. of Paris 469, Cohen 74 ( 2 Fr.), and RIC 128. Mint State $150 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Harlan Berk, May 2002. 

500. Trajan. 98-117 AD. Denarius, 3.34g (6h). Rome, c.

The same type but with Victory half naked had been struck a couple of years earlier, MIR 270.

101


503. Trajan. Denarius, 3.20g (7h). Rome, c. 112-3 AD. Obv: IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS VI P P Bust laureate right with fold of cloak on front shoulder and behind neck. Rx: SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI Equestrian statue of Trajan in his forum: Trajan holding spear and small Victory on horse pacing left. MIR 394b (148 spec.). BM 445. RIC 291 corr. Paris 674. Cohen 497 corr. (10 Fr.). aEF $125

506. Trajan. Denarius, 3.28g (7h). Rome, c. 116-7 AD. Obv: IMP CAES NER TRAIAN OPTIM AVG GERM DAC Bust laureate, draped right, seen from side. Rx: PARTHICO P M TR P COS VI P P SPQR Radiate, draped bust of Sol right. MIR 573v (74 spec.). BM 624. RIC 329 corr. Paris 887. Cohen 188 corr. (6 Fr.). Toned good VF $100

Trajan’s Column

Cyrenacia, Portrait with Aegis

504. Trajan. Denarius, 3.38g (7h). Rome, c. 112-3 AD. Obv: IM[P TRAIAN]O AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS VI P P Bust laureate, draped right, seen from side. Rx: SPQR OPTI - MO PRINCIPI Column of Trajan in his forum: base with doorway, additional tier supporting the column itself and eagles left and right, statue of emperor on top. MIR 425v (139 spec.). BM 452. RIC 292. Paris 745. Cohen 558 (14 Fr.). VF/aEF $200

507. Trajan. Hemidrachm, 1.78g (7h). Cyrenaica, 100 AD. Obv: AYT ΚΑΙΣ ΝΕΡ ΤΡΑΙΑΝ ΣΕΒ ΓΕΡΜ Bust laureate right, with fold of aegis on front shoulder and behind neck. Rx: ΔΗΜΑΡΧ ΕΞ ΥΠΑΤ.Γ Head of Zeus Ammon right, bearded and horned. RPC 2 (3 spec.), pl. 1, 2/2 (same dies). Bust var. of Sydenham 178 (misattributed to Caesarea). Very rare with aegis added to Trajan’s portrait, possibly only the fourth recorded specimen. VF $200

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 149, 24 May 2006, lot 294.

Enlargement

Enlargement

505. Trajan. Denarius, 3.15g (6h). Rome, 116 AD. Obv: IMP CAES NER TRAIAN OPTIM AVG GER DAC PARTHICO Bust laureate, draped right, seen from side. Rx: P M TR P COS VI P P SPQR Bonus Eventus standing left holding patera and wheat ears. MIR 552v (33 spec.). BM 595. RIC 350 corr. Paris 870. Cohen 277 (2 Fr.). Virtually Mint State $200 102

508. Hadrian. 117-138 AD. Silver Quinarius, 1.60g (6h). Rome, 118 AD. Obv: IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG Bust laureate right with bare chest and fold of cloak on front shoulder. Rx: P M TR P COS II Victory advancing right holding wreath and palm. Bust var. of BM 55. Cohen 1052 (10 Fr.). RIC 36 (S). King 15 (7 spec.). VF $200 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Pegasi, May 2004. 


509. Hadrian. Denarius, 3.29g (6h). Rome, c. 121-4 AD. Obv: [IMP C]AESAR TRAIAN H - ADRIANVS AVG Bust laureate, draped right, seen from front. Rx: P M TR P COS III Galley left. BMC 247. Cohen 1174 (6 Fr.). RIC 113 var. Near Mint State $200 Purchased from Ed Waddell.  The reverse type refers to Hadrian’s traveling by ship during his first great tour of the provinces.

512. Hadrian. Denarius, 2.65g (6h). Rome, c. 129 AD. Obv: HADRIANVS - AVGVSTVS Bust draped and cuirassed right, head bare. Rx: TRANQVILLIT - AS AVG COS III P P Tranquillitas standing left, leaning on column and holding scepter. BMC 574 note, citing Cohen 1440 (Paris, 2 Fr.). RIC 222 (C). Strack 353 (citing Paris, Budapest, and Milan for this bust type). Mint State $250 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Spartan Numismatics, November 2004. 

Enlargement

510. Hadrian. Denarius, 3.44g (6h). Rome, c. 125-8 AD. Obv: HADRIANVS - AVGVSTVS Bust laureate right, fold of cloak on front shoulder. Rx: COS - III Roma seated right on cuirass and shield, holding spear and parazonium. BM 367. Cohen 337 (2 Fr.). RIC 162. Mint State $200

Enlargement

Exquisite Hadrian Sestertius

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 105, 17 November 1998, lot 368.

511. Hadrian. Denarius, 3.50g (6h). Rome, 128 AD. Obv: HADRIANVS - AVGVSTVS P P Head laureate right. Rx: COS - III Roma seated right on cuirass and shield, holding spear and parazonium. BM 477 corr. Cohen 338 (2 Fr.) corr. RIC 332. BMC 477-9 reports a helmet on the ground behind Roma, probably in error, since there were 41 specimens without the helmet in Reka Devnia hoard, p. 30. Near Mint State $250 NGC 4625163-008. 

513. Hadrian. Sestertius, 27.19g (6h). Rome, c. 119-21 AD. Obv: IMP CAESAR TRAIANVS HADRIANVS AVG P M TR P COS III Bust laureate right showing bare chest, fold of cloak on left shoulder. Rx: PROVIDE - NTIA DEORVM S - C Hadrian, togate, standing right, head left, raising right hand to accept scepter from eagle flying down from upper left, and holding roll in left hand. BM 1203. RIC 589 (S ). Cohen 1207 (10 Fr.). Struck on a broad flan. Exceptional quality. Dark green patination. Virtually Mint State $500

103


514. Antinous. Hemidrachm, 13.01g (12h). Alexandria, Egypt, Year 21 = 136/7 AD. Obv: ANTINOOV HPWOC Draped bust left, wearing hem-hem crown. Rx: Antinous on horseback right holding caduceus; date L below horse, K before horse, probably also [A] in uncertain position; without cloak flying behind Antinous as in the RPC illustration. RPC 6235 (10 spec.). Cf. Dattari-Savio pl. 104, 8015 (date unclear). VF $1,500

517. Antoninus Pius. 138-161 AD. Aureus, 6.88g (6h). Rome, 143-4 AD. Obv: ANTONINVS AVG - PIVS P P TR P COS III Head laureate right. Rx: IMPERA TOR II Victory flying right holding trophy with both hands. BM 492. Calicó 1548 (this coin). Cohen 429 (45 Fr.). RIC 109a (C). Near Mint State $4,500 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Ken Dorney, February 2000; ex M & M, November 1962, lot 612.  Collectors must watch out for a deceptive modern fake of this aureus, published by the IAPN in Bulletin of Counterfeits 11, 1, 1988, fig. 10a. Our coin is from different dies, and is authentic; indeed fig. 11 in the cited article illustrates our very specimen as a genuine pendant to the replica there published.

Enlargement

515. Aelius as Caesar. 136-138 AD. Denarius, 3.11g (6h). Rome, 137 AD. Obv: L AELIVS - CAESAR Head bare right. Rx: TR POT - COS II Felicitas standing left holding short caduceus and cornucopia. BM 969. Cohen 50 (12 Fr.). RIC 430. EF $500

Enlargement

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Grünow, Berlin, July 2002. Exquisite Aureus 516. Aelius as Caesar. Denarius, 3.27g (6h). Rome, 137 AD. Obv: [L] AELIVS - CAESAR Head bare right. Rx: TR POT - COS II Spes advancing left holding flower and raising skirt. BM 979. Cohen 55 (12 Fr.). RIC 435. Scarce, 15 specimens in Reka Devnia hoard. aEF $650 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 113, 14 March 2000, lot 271.  104

518. Antoninus Pius. Aureus, 7.30g (6h). Rome, 151-2 AD. Obv: IMP CAES T AEL HADR ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P Head bare right. Rx: PAX in exergue, TR POT XIIII - COS IIII around, Pax standing left holding branch and scepter. BM 727, pl. 15.15 (same obv. die). Calicó 1588 (same obv. die). Cohen 579


corr. (40 Fr.). RIC 200a (C). Exquisite portrait struck in high relief. Mint State $10,000

520. Antoninus Pius. As, 9.96g (12h). Rome, 145 AD. Obv: ANTONINVS AVG P[I] - VS P P TR P COS IIII Head laureate right. Rx: LIBERA - L - [I] - TAS S - III[I] around, S C in exergue, Emperor seated left on curule chair on platform, Liberalitas standing left before him holding coin counter and cornucopia, citizen standing right on ground before platform, holding out toga to receive coins. BM 1750. Cohen 500 (10 Fr.) corr. RIC 819 (R). Distribution scenes were normally depicted just on sestertii, not on middle bronzes too. Dark green patina. EF $350

Enlargement

This largesse was distributed on the occasion of the marriage of Marcus Aurelius Caesar and Faustina II, in spring 145.

Silver Quinarius of Antoninus Pius

Enlargement

519. Antoninus Pius. Silver Quinarius, 1.64g (7h). Rome, 145 AD. Obv: ANTONINVS - AVG PIVS P P Head laureate right. Rx: LIB IIII in exergue, TR PO - T COS IIII Liberalitas standing left holding coin counter and cornucopia. King 22 (2 spec.), pl. 16 (same dies). Cf. RIC 155 and Strack 146 (the same quinarius in gold). Cf. King 19, pl. 15 and pl. G (silver quinarius from the same obverse die, but with rev. TR POT COS IIII, Hercules seated facing). Scratch on cheek. aVF $300 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Alex Malloy, May 2000.  A very rare denomination during this reign: our coin is apparently only the ninth known silver quinarius of Antoninus Pius, supplementing the eight examples of five types recorded by Cathy King in her quinarius book.

521. Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius. Denarius, 3.08g (7h). Rome, 140-4 AD. Obv: ANTONINVS AVG PI - VS P P TR P COS III Laureate head of Antoninus Pius right. Rx: AVRELIVS CAESAR AVG PII F COS Bare-headed, draped bust of Marcus Caesar right. BM 161. Rev. legend variant of Cohen 22 (5 Fr.). RIC 417b. Extremely beautiful EF $350 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 152, 19 December 2006, lot 280. 

522. Diva Faustina I. Died 141 AD. Denarius, 3.40g (5h). Rome. Obv: DIVA - FAVSTINA Bust draped right. Rx: AVG - VSTA Ceres, veiled, standing left holding long torch, left arm at side with drapery fold falling over it. BM 421. Cohen 104 (2 Fr.). RIC 362. Mint State $200 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Time Machine, August 1999.  105


Lucilla Aureus

523. Diva Faustina I. Denarius, 3.16g (11h). Rome. Obv: DIVA FAV - STINA Bust draped right. Rx: AVGVSTA Vesta standing left holding patera over altar and Palladium. BM 440. Cohen 116 (2 Fr. ). RIC 370. Mint State $200 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Acquired in March 1998. 

524. Marcus Aurelius as Caesar. 139-161 AD. Denarius, 3.64g (7h). Rome, 157 AD. Obv: AVRELIVS CAES AN - TON AVG PII F Head bare right. Rx: TR P[O] T XI - COS II Virtus standing left holding parazonium and reversed spear. BM 893. Cohen 721 (C). RIC 473. Mint State $100

527. Lucilla, Wife of L. Verus. Aureus, 7.22g (12h). Rome, c. 164-169 AD. Obv: LVCILLAE AVG ANTONINI AVG F Bust draped right. Rx: Venus standing left holding apple and scepter. BMC 320. Cohen 69 (130 Fr.). RIC 783 (R). Calicó 2218 (same dies). Aurei of Lucilla are rather rare. This beautiful portrait of the empress is struck in high relief on a broad flan. There are a few planchet defects at the edge at 3:00 on the reverse and a tiny hairline on the right side near Venus’ scepter. Mint State $7,000 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 119, 15 March 2001, lot 39. 

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Acquired in April 1998. Enlargement

525. Faustina II, Wife of Marcus Aurelius. . Denarius, 3.46g (6h). Rome, c. 148 AD. Obv: FAVSTINAE AVG - PII AVG FIL Bust draped right, with Strack’s coiffure b. Rx: V - E - NVS Venus standing left holding apple and rudder, dolphin coiled around rudder. BM 1068. Cohen 266 (3 Fr.). RIC 517c. Mint State $250 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Pegasi, April 2009. 

528. Lucilla. Denarius, 3.38g (6h). Rome. Obv: LVCILLA - AVGVSTA Bust draped right. Rx: IVNO - REGINA Juno, veiled, standing left, extending patera to peacock at her feet and holding cornucopia. BM 339. Cohen 41 (C). RIC 772 (C). Mint State $250 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 139, 4 August 2004, lot 292. 

526. Faustina II. Denarius, 2.75g (12h). Rome, under Marcus Aurelius. Obv: FAVSTINA - AVGVSTA Bust draped right. Rx: HIL - A - RITAS Hilaritas standing left holding long palm and cornucopia. BM 100. Cohen 111 (C). RIC 686. Mint State $250 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Acquired in July 1998.  106

529. Commodus. 177-192 AD. Denarius, 2.89g (11h). Rome, 184 AD. Obv: M COMM ANTON AVG PIVS BRIT Head laureate right. Rx: P M TR P VIIII IMP VII COS IIII P P Modius containing six wheat ears.


BM 142 note. Cohen 467 (C). RIC 94 (C). Scarce, only seven specimens in Reka Devnia hoard. EF $200 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Alex Malloy, June 1999.

530. Commodus. Sestertius, 30.32g (11h). Rome, 184 AD. Obv: M COMMODVS ANT - ON AVG PIVS BRIT Head laureate right. Rx: SALVS in exergue, [P] M TR P VIIII - IMP VII COS IIII P P S - C Salus seated left on throne ornamented with figures of Spes and sphinx, holding a patera to a snake coiling up from a box at her feet, to left a tree and a column which supports a figure of Bacchus. Cohen 683 (30 Fr.). BMC p. 797. RIC 439 (R). Unusually broad, heavy flan. VF $500 Ex Berk 151, 1 November 2006, lot 518 (weight wrongly 30.94g).  This picturesque reverse type normally occurs with date TR P X not VIIII; BMC 1968 reprint p. 797 even contests the existence of sestertii of this type dated TR P VIIII. However, the reading on our coin is beyond question, and CoinArchives Pro contains two other specimens with this date, one from the same reverse die (Tkalec, 19 February 2001, lot 298), the other from different dies on both sides (Elsen 97, 2008, lot 405).

532. Crispina, Wife of Commodus. . Denarius, 3.28g (12h). Rome. Obv: CRISPINA - AVGVSTA Bust draped right. Rx: C - E - RES Ceres standing left holding two wheat ears and lighted torch. BM 33. Cohen 1 (3 Fr.). RIC 276. Mint State $300 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 143, 18 May 2005, lot 230. 

Enlargement

533. Pertinax. 193 AD. Denarius, 2.66g (6h). Rome. Obv: IMP CAES P HELV - PERTIN AVG Head laureate right. Rx: LAETITIA TEM - POR COS II Laetitia standing left holding wreath and scepter. BM 8. Cohen 20 (50 Fr.). RIC 4a (R2). Extremely beautiful artistic portrait of Pertinax. While some of his portraits can be rather rough, the die cutter in this case wanted to flatter the emperor. Reverse flatly struck. EF $1,500 Ex Berk 147, 1 February 2006, lot 288. 

Enlargement

531. Commodus. Dupondius, 11.62g (11h). Rome, 185 AD. Obv: [M CO]MM ANTO - N AVG PIVS BR[IT] Head radiate right. Rx: [P] M TR P X IMP V - II COS IIII P P S C Roma seated left above shield, holding Victory and spear. BMC p. 801. Cohen 478. RIC 1585 (S). Exceptionally nice reverse. Sharp portrait struck on a small flan. EF $250 Ex Berk 151, 1 November 2006, lot 519. 

534. Didius Julianus. 193 AD. Denarius, 3.17g (6h). Rome. Obv: IMP CAES M DID - [IV]LIAN AVG Head laureate right. Rx: RECTOR - ORBIS Emperor, togate, standing l. holding globe and roll. BM 7. Cohen 15 (100 Fr.). RIC 3 (R3). Reverse flatly struck as usual. EF/VF $1,500 Ex Berk 161, 28 October 2008, 355.  Apparently Julianus’ rarest reverse type on denarii: only one specimen in Reka Devnia hoard, as opposed to six and four specimens respectively of the two other known types. 107


legs. Prieur 1140 (94 spec.). Very beautiful though slightly strange portrait, struck in high relief. Mint State $450 535. Clodius Albinus as Caesar. 193-195 AD. Denarius, 2.96g (1h). Rome, 194 AD. Obv: D - CL SEPT AL - BIN CAES Head bare right. Rx: ROMAE - [A] E - TERNAE Roma seated left above shield, holding Palladium and spear. BM 43. Cohen 61 (12 Fr.). RIC 11a (R). Near Mint State $300 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 157, 17 December 2007, lot 279. 

536. Clodius Albinus as Caesar. Denarius, 2.42g (11h). Rome, 194-5 AD. Obv: D - CLOD SEPT - ALBIN CAES Head bare right. Rx: MINER - PA - CIF COS II Minerva standing left, holding branch and resting left hand on shield behind her, spear pointing upwards rests against her left arm. BM 95. Cohen 48 (12 Fr.). RIC 7 (R). Near Mint State $300

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex CNG 58, 19 September 2001, lot 964.

539. Divus Septimius Severus. Died 211 AD. Denarius, 2.77g (12h). Rome. Obv: DIVO SEVERO PIO Bare head right. Rx: CONSECRATIO Eagle with spread wings standing right, head left, on shield. BMC Caracalla 21. Cohen 84 (5 Fr.). RIC Caracalla 191c. Scarce: 10 specimens in Reka Devnia hoard. Near Mint State $300 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Acquired in August 1998.  The round object in the eagle’s talons is usually called a globe, but on this specimen it has a separate outer border, so apparently represents an honorary shield.

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Acquired in May 1998.

537. Septimius Severus. 193-211 AD. Denarius, 3.10g (7h). New-Style Syrian mint, 202 AD. Obv: L - SEPT SEV AVG IMP XI PART MAX Head laureate right. Rx: VOTIS / DECEN / NALI / B[VS] in four lines within laurel wreath. BM 681. Cohen 798 (6 Fr.). RIC 520a (S). Cohen and RIC underestimated the value and rarity of this denarius, only one specimen of which occurred in the Reka Devnia hoard. EF $400

540. Julia Domna, Wife of Septimius Severus and Mother of Caracalla. . Antoninianus, 4.66g (7h). Rome, 215-7 AD. Obv: IVLIA PIA - FELIX AVG Bust draped right, resting on crescent and wearing stephane. Rx: LVNA LVCIFERA Luna in biga of horses left, with the horses’ hind legs bent and not resting on a ground line; Luna holds the reins and has a crescent on her head and a fold of drapery encircling her head. BM 9. Cohen 106 (3 Fr.). RIC 379a. Scarce: only eight specimens in Reka Devnia hoard. EF $300 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Pegasi 23, November 2010, lot 529. 

538. Septimius Severus. Tetradrachm, 13.14g (12h). Laodicea ad Mare, c. 207-8 AD. Obv: AVT KAI CEOVHPOC.C - E. Bust laureate, draped right, seen from side. Rx: ΔHMAPX EΞ VΠATOC Γ Eagle standing right, head left, wreath in beak, star between 108

C. Clay has observed that the standard catalogues fail to distinguish the two consecutive varieties of this reverse type: first as on our coin, with the horses’ hind legs bent and no groundline, struck between 215 and early 217 AD; second with the horses’ hind legs extended straight and with groundline, e.g. BMC pl. 67.10, struck from a little later in 217 until the end of Caracalla’s reign.


Exquisite Portrait

541. Caracalla as Caesar. 195-198 AD. Denarius, 3.41g (11h). New-style Eastern Mint, 197 AD. Obv: M AVR ANTON - CAES PONTIF Bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right. Rx: SECVRITAS - PERPETV[A] Minerva standing left holding shield and spear. BM 459. Cohen 566 (5 Fr.). RIC 330 (S). With an attractive portrait in fine style. Mint State $250 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 132, 14 May 2003, lot 470, there with further provenance “Marc Melcher Collection, Triton VI, January 2003, lot 1651 (part)”. 

Enlargement

542. Caracalla. 198-217 AD. Denarius, 3.64g (7h). Rome, 208 AD. Obv: ANTONINVS - PIVS AVG Head laureate right. Rx: PROF in exergue, PONTIF TR P XI COS III around, Caracalla, laureate and in military dress, on horse stepping right, holding spear pointing diagonally upward. BM 572. Cohen 511 (10 Fr.). RIC 107 (S).The scarcer variant without enemy before the horse: sixteen specimens in Reka Devnia hoard. Mint State $125 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Acquired in London, June 2001.  This reverse type commemorates Caracalla’s departure from Rome along with Septimius Severus and Geta on their British expedition. This departure is undated in the written sources, but the coins clearly assign it to 208 AD (TR P XI for Caracalla, TR P XVI for Septimius Severus).

543. Caracalla. Denarius, 3.34g (12h). Rome, 208 AD. Obv: ANTONINVS - PIVS AVG Head laureate right. Rx: PRO[F] in exergue, [P]ONTIF TR P - XI COS III around, Caracalla, laureate and in military dress, on horse stepping right, holding spear pointing diagonally upward; before horse, enemy kneeling right, raising right hand. BM 574. Cohen 510 (8 Fr.). RIC 108 (S). Fairly common: 32 specimens in Reka Devnia hoard. Near Mint State $100 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Alex Malloy, May 2000. 

544. Caracalla. Denarius, 3.25g (12h). Rome, 212-3 AD. Obv: ANTONINVS PIVS - AVG BRIT Head laureate right. Rx: MONETA AVG Moneta standing left holding scales and cornucopia. BM 9. Cohen 165 (C). RIC 224 (C). Mint State $150 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 140, 27 October 2004, lot 337. 

545. Plautilla, Wife of Caracalla. Denarius, 3.23g (1h). Rome, 202 AD. Obv: PLAVTILLAE AVGVSTAE Draped bust right. Rx: CONCORDIAE AETERNAE Caracalla and Plautilla standing facing one another and clasping hands. BM 401. Cohen 10 (4 Fr.). RIC 361. EF $150 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Pegasi, February 2004. 

109


546. Geta as Caesar. 198-209 AD. Denarius, 3.40g (6h). Rome, 199 AD. Obv: P SEPT GETA - CAES PONT Bare-headed, draped bust right. Rx: PR - INC IVVENT Geta standing left holding branch and spear. BM 229. Cohen 159 (3 Fr.). RIC 15a (S). Mint State/ EF $100 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 140, 27 October 2004, lot 344. 

547. Geta as Caesar. Denarius, 3.37g (1h). Rome, 203 AD. Obv: P SEPT GETA - CAES PONT Bare-headed, draped bust right. Rx: CASTOR Castor, naked apart from cloak falling from his shoulders, standing left beside horse whose reins he holds with his right hand, while also holding a slanting scepter in his left hand. BMC 216. Cohen 12 (10 Fr.) RIC 6. Unusual and scarce type: only 20 specimens in Reka Devnia hoard. Reverse flatly struck in some areas. Mint State $150

549. Macrinus. 217-218 AD. Denarius, 2.92g (6h). Rome. Obv: IMP C M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG Bust laureate, cuirassed right, seen from front. Rx: FIDES MILITVM Fides standing left, head right, placing right foot on helmet, holding standard in each hand. BM 12. RSC 23a. RIC 66 (C). Mint State $250 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Grünow, Berlin, July 2002. 

550. Macrinus. Denarius, 2.73g (11h). Rome, 218 AD. Obv: IMP C M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG Bust laureate, cuirassed right, seen from front. Rx: AEQVITAS - AVG Aequitas standing left holding scales and cornucopia. BMC 58 note. Cohen 2 (6 Fr.). RIC 53 (S). Mint State $250 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Acquired in May 1998. 

Privately purchased from Ed Waddell.

548. Geta as Augustus. 209-211 AD. Denarius, 3.33g (6h). Rome, 210 AD. Obv: IMP CAES P SEPT - GETA PIVS AVG Head laureate right. Rx: PONTIF TR P II COS II Felicitas standing left holding cornucopia and long caduceus. BM 40. Cohen 137 (C). RIC 69a (C). Somewhat scarce: 24 specimens in Reka Devnia hoard. Mint State $100 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Acquired in October 1998.  110

551. Diadumenian as Caesar. 217-218 AD. Denarius, 2.98g (5h). Rome. Obv: M OPEL ANT DIADVMENIAN CAES Bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from front. Rx: PRINC IVVENTVTIS Diadumenian standing left, head right, holding standard and scepter, two further standards behind him. RIC 102 (S). BMC 87. Cohen 3 (15 Fr.). Near Mint State $400 Ex Berk 146, 29 November 2005, lot 667. 


Bust laureate, draped, cuirassed right. Rx: VICTOR ANTONINI AVG Victory advancing right holding wreath and palm. BM 37. Cohen 289 (C). RIC 156 (C). Mint State $100 552. Diadumenian as Caesar. Denarius, 3.23g (6h). Rome, 218 AD. Obv: M OPEL ANT DIADVMENIAN CAES Bare-headed, draped bust right. Rx: SPES PVBLICA Spes advancing left, holding flower and raising skirt. BM 94. RIC 116 (S). Cohen 21 (15 Fr.). Mint State $400 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Acquired in October 1998. 

553. Diadumenian as Caesar, Obverse Brockage. 217218 AD. Denarius, 3.02g (12h). Rome. Obv: M OPEL ANT DIADVMENIAN CAES Bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from front. Rx: Incuse, mirror image portrait and legend of the obverse type. EF $300 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex The Philip DeVicci Collection of Brockages, CNG 54, 14 June 2000, lot 61. 

554. Elagabalus. 218-222 AD. Denarius, 3.04g (6h). Rome, 218-9 AD. Obv: IMP CAES M AVR ANTONINVS AVG Bust laureate, draped right. Rx: SALVS ANTONINI AVG Salus standing right holding serpent and feeding it from patera. BM 28. Cohen 256 (C). RIC 140 (C). Mint State $100 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Calgary Coin, April 1999. 

555. Elagabalus. Denarius, 3.38g (7h). Rome, 218-9 AD. Obv: IMP CAES M AVR ANTONINVS AVG

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Acquired in July 1998.

556. Elagabalus. Denarius, 3.25g (7h). Rome, 219 AD. Obv: IMP CAES ANTONINVS AVG Bust laureate, draped right. Rx: SALVS ANTONINI AVG Salus standing right holding serpent and feeding it from patera. BM 117. Cohen 261 (C). RIC 139 (C). Mint State $100 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 135, 10 December 2003, lot 255. 

557. Elagabalus. Denarius, 3.05g (7h). Rome, 219 AD. Obv: IMP ANTONINVS PIVS AVG Bust laureate, draped right. Rx: P M TR P II - COS II P P Sol standing left, raising right hand and holding whip in left. BM 302 (wrongly as Eastern). Cohen 134 (C). RIC 17 (C). Scarce: 18 specimens in Reka Devnia hoard. Mint State $100 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Acquired in July 1998. 

558. Elagabalus. Denarius, 3.28g (12h). Rome, 221 AD. Obv: IMP ANTONINVS PIVS AVG Bust laureate, draped right. Rx: P M TR P - II - II COS III P P Sol advancing left, right foot set on uncertain object, raising right hand and holding whip in left; star in left field. BM 244. Cohen 184 (C). RIC 40 (C). Scarce: 18 specimens in Reka Devnia hoard. Mint State $100 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 137, 31 March 2004, lot 385.  111


559. Elagabalus. Denarius, 3.63g (6h). Rome, 221 AD. Obv: IMP ANTONINVS PIVS AVG Head laureate right. Rx: P M TR P IIII COS III P P Providentia standing left holding wand over globe and cornucopia; star in left field. BM 250 var. Cohen 189 (C). RIC 42 (C). Eauze Hoard 330 (5 spec.). Mint State $100

562. Julia Paula. Denarius, 3.71g (12h). Branch Mint, 21920 AD. Obv: IVLIA PAVLA AVG Bust draped right. Rx: CONCORDI - A AVGG Concordia seated left on curule chair, holding patera and double cornucopia. BM 321. Cohen 16 (6 Fr.). RIC 216 (R). EF $150 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Pegasi, April 2006. 

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 137, 31 March 2004, lot 386.

560. Elagabalus. Denarius, 2.63g (12h). Rome, 221-2 AD. Obv: IMP ANTONINVS PIVS AVG Bust laureate, draped right, seen from front, with “horn”. Rx: SVMMVS SACERDOS AVG Emperor in Syrian priestly dress sacrificing left at tripod altar and holding branch. The usual star in left field is omitted, apparently by engraver’s error. RSC 276f (citing Tinchant catalogue). This variant without star on reverse is not in BMC, RIC, or Cohen. EF $100 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 140, 27 October 2004, lot 361. 

561. Julia Paula, First wife of Elagabalus. . Denarius, 2.50g (12h). Rome, 219 AD. Obv: IVLIA PAVLA AVG Bust draped right. Rx: CONCORDIA Elagabalus and Julia Paula standing facing each other and clasping hands. BM 318. Cohen 12 (6 Fr.) RIC 214 (S). Rare: six specimens in Reka Devnia hoard. Paula’s earliest type at Rome, the only one to omit the star in reverse field that was introduced early in 220 AD. EF $150 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Acquired in May 1998.  112

563. Severus Alexander. 222-235 AD. Denarius, 2.56g (7h). Rome, 225-8 AD. Obv: IMP C M AVR SEV - ALEXAND AVG Bust laureate, draped right. Rx: ANNO - NA AVG Annona standing left holding wheat ears over modius and cornucopia. BM 341. Cohen 23 (C). RIC 133 (C). Mint State $100 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Time Machine, November 2000. 

564. Severus Alexander. Denarius, 3.02g (1h). Rome, 230-1 AD. Obv: IMP SEV ALE - XAND AVG Bust laureate right, with fold of cloak on front shoulder and behind neck. Rx: ANNO - NA AVG Annona standing right, foot on prow, holding rudder on globe and modius. BM 597. Cohen 32 (4 Fr.). RIC 190 (C). Mint State $100 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 132, 14 May 2003, lot 514. 

565. Severus Alexander. Denarius, 3.05g (7h). Rome, 231 AD. Obv: IMP ALEXAN - DER PIVS AVG Bust laureate, draped, cuirassed right, seen from front. Rx: P M TR P - X - COS III P P Sol standing left, with cloak hanging down behind him on both sides, raising right


hand and holding globe in left. BM 807. Cohen 411 var. (3 Fr.). RIC 109 (C). Mint State $100

Portrait Shows Acromegaly

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Time Machine, October 2000.

566. Severus Alexander. Denarius, 2.89g (1h). Rome, 232 AD. Obv: IMP ALEXAN - DER PIVS AVG Bust laureate, draped right, seen from front. Rx: LIBERALI - TAS AVG V Liberalitas standing left holding coin counter and cornucopia. Bust variant of BM 946*, Cohen 142 (10 Fr.), and RIC 243 (S). Rare: only 3 specimens in Reka Devnia Hoard, not in BM by1962. Mint State $100

Enlargement 569. Maximinus I Thrax. 235-238 AD. Denarius, 2.37g (6h). Rome, 236-8 AD. Obv: MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG GERM Bust laureate, draped, cuirassed right, third portrait. Rx: FIDES MILITVM Fides standing left holding standard in each hand. BM 137. Cohen 9. RIC 18A. The hooked nose and oversize jaw of Maximinus’ third portrait have led some numismatists to propose that he must have suffered from acromegaly, that is overproduction of growth hormone, leading in adults to enlargement of the hands, feet, forehead, jaw, and nose. Mint State $100

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Classical Coins, October 1999.

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Harlan J. Berk, December 2003.

567. Severus Alexander. Denarius, 2.94g (7h). Rome, 232-5 AD. Obv: IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG Bust laureate, draped, cuirassed right, seen from front. Rx: IOVI PRO - PVGNATORI Jupiter advancing left, looking back, about to hurl thunderbolt and holding eagle. BM 824. Cohen 83 (C). RIC 238 (C). FDC $100

570. Maximus as Caesar, Son of Maximinus I. 235-238 AD. Denarius, 3.12g (5h). Rome. Obv: IVL VERVS MAXIMVS CAES Bare-headed, draped bust right. Rx: PIETAS AVG Sacrificial implements: lituus, knife, pitcher, ladle, and whisk. BM 118. Cohen 1 (20 Fr.). RIC 1. EF $400

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Acquired in June 1998.

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Pegasi, November 2015.

568. Julia Mamaea, Mother of Severus Alexander. Denarius, 3.21g (7h). Rome, 229-30 AD. Obv: IVLIA MA - MAEA AVG Draped bust right wearing stephane. Rx: FECVND - AV - GVSTAE Fecunditas standing left extending hand to child at her feet and holding cornucopia. BM 917 (misdated to 232 AD). Cohen 5 (C). RIC 338 (C). Mint State $100 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Time Machine, October 1999. 

571. Maximus as Caesar. 235-238 AD. Denarius, 3.18g (5h). Rome, 236-8 AD. Obv: MAXIMVS CAES GERM Bust draped right with head bare. Rx: PRINC IVVENTVTIS Prince standing left holding baton and spear, two standards behind him. BM 211. Cohen 10 (20 Fr.). RIC 3. Near Mint State. Maximus’ latest portraits are rather similar to the third portrait of his father: might he have suffered from gigantism, the equivalent of acromegaly for children before puberty? $400 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection.  113


RIC 10a (S). Near Mint State

$400

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 144, 13 July 2005, lot 322. 572. Diva Paulina, Wife of Maximinus I. Denarius, 3.37g (1h). Rome. Obv: DIVA PAVLINA Bust draped, veiled right. Rx: CONSECRATIO Paulina seated left on peacock flying right, waving goodbye and holding scepter. BM 127. RIC 2. Cohen 2 (50 Fr.). Mint State $500 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Harlan J. Berk, January 2005. 

576. Pupienus. Denarius, 3.10g (4h). Rome. Obv: IMP C M CLOD PVPIENVS AVG Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right. Rx: P M TR P COS II P P Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus in her right hand and a long scepter with her left. BM 53. Cohen 26 (10 Fr.). RIC 6 (S). EF $300 Ex Berk 140, 27 October 2004, lot 389. 

573. Balbinus. 238 AD. Antoninianus, 4.89g (12h). Rome. Obv: IMP CAES D CAEL BALBINVS AVG Bust radiate, draped, cuirassed right, seen from front. Rx: CONCORDIA AVGG Clasped hands. BM 26. Cohen 20 (10 Fr.). RIC 5. EF $500 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 163, 25 March 2009, lot 394. 

574. Balbinus. Antoninianus, 4.87g (12h). Rome. Obv: IMP CAES D CAEL BALBINVS AVG Bust radiate, draped, cuirassed right, seen from front. Rx: FIDES MVTVA AVGG Clasped hands. BMC 71. C 6 (10 Fr.). RIC 11. EF $400

Rare Eastern Mint

577. Gordian III. 238-244 AD. Antoninianus, 3.89g (12h). Antioch. Obv: IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG Bust radiate, draped, cuirassed right. Rx: PROVIDENTIA AVG Providentia standing left holding globe and transverse scepter. RIC 193. Cohen 302 (S, citing Vienna). Bland 50 (10 spec.). A rare type in Eastern style. EF $100 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Acquired in January 1998. 

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 149, 24 May 2006, lot 384.

575. Pupienus. 238 AD. Antoninianus, 3.70g (7h). Rome. Obv: IMP C M CLOD PVPIENVS AVG Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right. CARITAS MVTVA AVGG Two clasped hands. BM 80. Cohen 4 (10 Fr.). 114

578. Philip I. 244-249 AD. Antoninianus, 4.45g (7h). Rome, 248 AD. Obv: IMP PHILIPPVS AVG Bust radiate, draped, cuirassed right. Rx: SAECVLARES AVGG Lion walking right, I (officina 1) in exergue. RIC 12 (C). Cohen 173 (2 Fr.). EF $100 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Pegasi, May 2007. 


30.43g (10h). Rome. Obv: IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG Bust radiate, cuirassed right, seen from front. Rx: VICTORIA AVG S - C Victory advancing left holding wreath and palm. RIC 126a (R). Cohen 115 (50 Fr.). EF $2,500 579. Philip I. Antoninianus, 3.97g (7h). Rome, 248 AD. Obv: IMP PHILIPPVS AVG Bust radiate, draped, cuirassed right. Rx: SAECVLARES AVGG Stag standing right, U (officina 5) in exergue. RIC 19 (C). Cohen 182 (2 Fr.). EF $100

Ex Bill Behnen Collection of coins of Trajan Decius and family. Ex CNG 87, 16 September 1998, lot 1887.

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection.

580. Philip I. Antoninianus, 4.40g (12h). Rome, 248 AD. Obv: IMP PHILIPPVS AVG Bust radiate, draped, cuirassed right. Rx: SAECVLARES AVGG Antelope standing left, UI (officina 6) in exergue. RIC 21 (C). Cohen 189 (2 Fr.). Mint State $100 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Calgary Coin, April 1999. 

583. Trajan Decius. Double Sestertius, 42.18g (1h). Rome. Obv: IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG Bust radiate, cuirassed right, seen from front. Rx: VICT ORIA AV - G S - C Victory advancing left holding wreath and palm. RIC 126a (R). Cohen 115 (50 Fr.). VF $950 Ex Bill Behnen Collection of coins of Trajan Decius and family; ex F.S. Knobloch List 35, April 1969, no. 386.  Struck on an Extremely Broad Flan

581. Otacilia Severa, Wife of Philip I. Rome. Antoninianus, 2.70g (8h). Rome, 248 AD. Obv: OTACIL SEVERA AVG Bust draped right on crescent, wearing stephane. Rx: SAECVLARES AVGG Hippopotamus walking right, IIII (officina 4) in exergue. RIC 116b (C). Cohen 63 (3 Fr.). EF $100 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Pegasi, November 2015.  Two Double Sestertii

582. Trajan Decius. 249-251 AD. Double Sestertius,

584. Trajan Decius. Sestertius, 25.08g (1h). Rome. Obv: IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG Bust laureate, cuirassed right. Rx: VICT - ORIA AV - G S - C Victory advancing left holding wreath and palm. On an usually broad and heavy, but irregularly shaped, flan. RIC 126d (S). Cohen 117 (5 Fr.). VF $650 From the Bill Behnen Collection of coins of Decius and family. Ex Classical Cash IV, 30 August 1997, lot 819. With a paper rubbing of the coin made about thirty years earlier, explained as follows: “This coin was offered to me in NYC sometime in the late ‘60s. Couldn’t afford but weighed it and made the attached paper rubbing”.  115


Rare Reverse Type

Obv: DIVO VESPASIANO Radiate head of Divus Vespasian r. Rx: CONSECRATIO Rectangular, lighted altar with four panels on front. Cohen 651 (4 Fr.). RIC 80 (R). Good Fine $150 Ex Bill Behnen Collection of coins of Trajan Decius and family. Acquired from the collection of Harry M. Hunter, 8 June 1965. Scarce: seven specimens in Dorchester hoard.

585. Trajan Decius. Sestertius, 16.88g (11h). Rome, . Obv: IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG Bust laureate, cuirassed right, seen from front. Rx: LIBERALITAS AVG around, S C in exergue, the emperor seated left on curule chair on platform, presiding at his first largesse; a togate figure stands behind him, Liberalitas holding out her coin counter stands before him, while at left a citizen climbs a ladder to the platform and holds out a fold of his toga to receive his gift. RIC 121 (R3). Cohen 75 (60 Fr.). Cohen with 60 francs and RIC with R3 somewhat overestimate the rarity of this type. Good VF $750 Ex Bill Behnen Collection of coins of Trajan Decius and family. Acquired from Graeme Monk, CICF, 29 March 1996.

586. Trajan Decius. Semis, 4.26g (6h). Rome. Obv: IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG Bust laureate, draped, cuirassed right. Rx: S - C Mars standing left, resting right hand on shield and holding vertical spear. Apparently rare with bust draped and cuirassed rather than just cuirassed: not in RIC or Cohen, not in Four Bad Years website, no clear example among about fifty specimens on CoinArchives Pro. RIC 228 (S). Cohen 102 (6 Fr.). EF $250

588. Divus Titus. Died 81 AD. Antoninianus, 2.62g (12h). Rome, restored by Trajan Decius, 250-1 AD. Obv: DIVO TITO Radiate head of Divus Titus right. Rx: CONSECRATIO Eagle with raised wings standing right, head left. Underweight specimen: perhaps overstruck on an earlier denarius, though no traces of such an undertype have survived. RIC 81a (R). Cohen (Titus) 404 (3 Fr.). EF $250 Ex Bill Behnen Collection of coins of Trajan Decius and family. Ex Palladium List 9, September 1995, no. 284. Rare: only two specimens in Dorchester hoard. 

589. Divus Titus. Antoninianus, 3.87g (1h). Rome, restored by Trajan Decius, 250-1 AD. Obv: DIVO TITO Radiate head of Divus Titus r. Rx: CONSECRATIO Rectangular, lighted altar with four panels on front and two steps below. Rare: only two specimens in Dorchester hoard. RIC 82b (R). Cohen (Titus) 405 (3 Fr.). aEF $250

Ex Bill Behnen Collection of coins of Trajan Decius and family. Purchased from Kay Coins, 30 June 1965.

Ex Bill Behnen Collection of coins of Trajan Decius and family. Exchanged from Jacob Stein, October 1971.

587. Divus Vespasian. Died 79 AD. Antoninianus, 3.41g (12h). Rome, restored by Trajan Decius, 250-1 AD.

590. Divus Antoninus Pius. Died 161 AD. Antoninianus, 4.05g (12h). Rome, restored by Trajan Decius, 250-1 AD. Obv: DIVO - PIO Radiate head of

116


Divus Antoninus Pius right. Rx: CONSECRATIO Rectangular, lighted altar with four panels on front. Scarce: 21 specimens in Dorchester hoard. RIC 90 (S). Cohen (Ant. Pius) 1189 (3 Fr.). aEF $250 Ex Bill Behnen Collection of coins of Trajan Decius and family. Purchased from Christian Blom, 5 February 1963.

591. Divus Marcus Aurelius. Died 180 AD. Antoninianus, 4.08g (7h). Rome, restored by Trajan Decius, 250-1 AD. Obv: DIVO MARCO Radiate head of Divus Marcus Aurelius right. Rx: CONSECRATIO Rectangular, lighted altar with four panels on front and two steps below. Though priced at only three francs in Cohen, Marcus Aurelius is one of the rarest emperors in the Divi series of Trajan Decius, represented by no coins at all in the Dorchester hoard. Joaquim Blay’s online die catalogue of this coinage lists just 19 specimens of this particular type of Divus Marcus (RIC 92b), including our coin. RIC 92b (R2). Cohen (M. Aurel.) 1059 (3 Fr.). Mint State $350 Ex Bill Behnen Collection of coins of Trajan Decius and family. Purchased from Tom Cederlind, CICF, 8 April 2000. 

593. Herennius Etruscus as Caesar. 250-251 AD. Antoninianus, 4.30g (6h). Rome. Obv: Q HER ETR MES DECIVS NOB C Radiate, draped bust right. Rx: PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS Apollo seated left, holding branch and resting left elbow on lyre. RIC 146. Cohen 22 var. Mint State $150 Ex Berk 139, 4 August 2004, lot 372. 

594. Hostilian as Caesar. 250-251 AD. Antoninianus, 3.74g (5h). Rome. Obv: C VALENS HOSTIL MES QVINTVS N C Bust radiate, draped right. Rx: MARTI PROPVGNATORI Mars advancing right, left leg forward, holding spear and shield. RIC 177b (S). Cohen 15 (4 Fr.). EF $150 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Pegasi, May 1997. 

592. Divus Severus Alexander. Died 235 AD. Antoninianus, 3.59g (12h). Rome, restored by Trajan Decius, 250-1 AD. Obv: DIVO ALEXANDRO Radiate bust of Divus Severus Alexander right, with fold of cloak on front shoulder and behind neck. Rx: CONSECRATIO Rectangular, lighted altar with four panels on front. Rare: 3 specimens in Dorchester hoard. RIC 98 (R). Cohen (Sev. Alex.) 597-8 (3 Fr.). Struck with a worn die. VF $250

595. Hostilian as Caesar. Antoninianus, 3.74g (7h). Antioch. Obv: C OVAL OSTIL MES CO[INTV]S CAESAR Bust radiate, draped right, seen from front, IIV below (officina VII, retrograde). Rx: SAECVLVM NOVVM Hexastyle temple, containing seated statue of Roma. Cf. RIC 199a (R). Cohen 54 (20 Fr.). With IIV below bust: RSC 54a (Arnold Coll.). EF $125

Ex Bill Behnen Collection of coins of Trajan Decius and family. Purchased from Christian Blom, 5 February 1963.

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 190, 29 May 2014, lot 216. Ex Berk 125, 27 February 2002, lot 531. 117


596. Trebonianus Gallus. 251-253 AD. Sestertius, 17.08g (1h). Rome. Obv: IM[P CAES C VI]BIVS TREBONIANVS GALLVS AVG Bust laureate, draped, cuirassed right. Rx: SALVS AVG[G] S - C Salus standing right holding snake and feeding it from patera. RIC 121 (S). Cohen 115 (C). Exceptional portrait struck on a small, irregular flan. Good EF $300

597. Volusian, Son of Trebonianus Gallus. 251-253 AD. Antoninianus, 3.71g (12h). Antioch. Obv: IM C V AF GAL VEND VOLVSIANO AVG Bust radiate, draped right. Rx: PAX - AVGVS Pax standing left holding branch and transverse scepter. Obv. legend var. (IM for IMP) of RIC 230a and Cohen 78 (citing BM, 12 Fr.). Mint State $100 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Pegasi, May 2007. 

599. Lot of four antoniniani of Valerian II and Saloninus. (1) Valerian II as Caesar. 2.70g. Bust radiate right / IOVI CRESCENTI Jupiter as child seated on goat. Göbl 860b (Viminacium, 42 spec.). RIC 13 (“Rome”). (2) A similar coin with shorter obv. legend, 3.35g. Göbl 907e (Cologne, 109 spec.) RIC 3 (“Lugdunum”). (3) Saloninus as Caesar. 4.17g. SALON VALERIANVS CAES Bust radiate right / PIETAS AVG Sacrificial implements. Göbl 914e (Cologne, 56 spec.). RIC 9 (“Lugdunum”). (4) 4.37g. Obverse similar, but NOB CAES / SPES PVBLICA Saloninus receiving flower from Spes. Coins 1 and 4 ex Pegasi 34, June 2016, lots 616-7; coins 2 and 3 purchased from Pegasi, November 2015. All about EF $250 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. 

598. Diva Mariniana, Wife of Valerian. Antoninianus, 3.73g (12h). Rome. Obv: DIVAE MARINIANAE Bust veiled right on crescent. Rx: C - ONSECR ATIO Peacock flying right bearing empress to heaven. Cunetio Hoard 643 (63 spec.). RIC 6 (R). Cohen 16 (8 Fr.). Mint State $400

600. Macrianus. 260-261 AD. Antoninianus, 5.37g (12h). Antioch. Obv: IMP C FVL MACRIANVS P F AVG Bust radiate, cuirassed right, seen from front. Rx: ROMAE AETERNAE Roma seated left on shield, holding Victory and spear. RIC 11 (R2). Cohen 11 (30 Fr.). Göbl 1738b (14 spec.). EF $150

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 133, 22 July 2003, lot 539.

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Alex Malloy, March 2001.

118


601. Macrianus. 260-261 AD. Antoninianus, 3.87g (12h). Antioch. Obv: IMP C FVL MACRIANVS P F AVG Bust radiate, cuirassed right, seen from front. Rx: SOL INVICTO Sol standing left, raising right hand and holding globe in left. RIC 12 (R2). Cohen 12 (30 Fr.). Göbl 1741b (13 spec.). Near Mint State $150

draped, cuirassed right. Rx: [P]AX - E - X - ERC Pax standing left holding branch and transverse scepter. RIC² online 10 (8 spec., all from the same die pair as ours). RIC first ed. 176 (R2, misattributed to Siscia). Cohen 208 (800 Fr.). Very rare. Holed in antiquity; otherwise Mint State $3,000 Aurei of Claudius II were very rare in Cohen’s day, the various types being priced by him at between 800 and 1200 francs each, but have become commoner since the discovery of the Lava Hoard in the sea off Corsica in 1957 and later years.

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Pegasi, November 2016.

602. Quietus. 260-261 AD. Antoninianus, 4.43g (6h). Antioch. Obv :[IM]P C FVL QVIETVS P F AVG Bust radiate, draped right. Rx: ROMAE AETERNAE Roma seated left on shield, holding Victory and spear, star in left field. RIC 9 (R2). Cohen 11 (30 Fr.). Göbl 1738n (11 spec.). aVF $100 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Alex Malloy, March 2001. 

603. Marius. 268 AD. Antoninianus, 4.30g (12h). Rome. Obv: IMP C MARIVS P F AVG Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from front. Rx: CONCORD MILITVM Clasped hands. Cunetio Hoard 2504 (17 spec.). Cohen. RIC 7. Good VF $200 Ex Berk 136, 5 February 2004, lot 232. 

605. Quintillus. 270 AD. Antoninianus, 2.24g (7h). Mediolanum. Obv: IMP QVINTILLVS AVG Bust radiate right. Rx: DIANA LVCIF Diana standing right holding torch, P=officina 1 in exergue. RIC 49. Cohen 1. EF $150 Ex Berk 140, 27 October 2004, lot 425. 

606. Aurelian. 270-275 AD. Aureus, 4.03g (6h). Milan. Obv: IMP C L DOM AVRE - LIANVS P F AVG Bust laureate, cuirassed r., seen from front, aegis with small Medusa head across breast, additional fold of aegis on left shoulder, palm on right shoulder strap. Rx: VIRTVS AVG Mars advancing right holding spear and trophy over shoulder, captive seated at his feet. Paris 430, pl. 13. Göbl 127q0(2), pl. 74. RIC 15. Cohen 269 (120 Fr.). In flawless condition, beautifully struck on a broad flan, without the seawater damage that handicaps most aurei of Aurelian. Mint State $8,500 Ex Gemini XIII, 6 April 2017, lot 214. 

Very Rare

604. Claudius II Gothicus. Aureus, 5.15g (6h). Milan, 268 AD. Obv: IMP.C[L]AV - DIVS.AVG Bust laureate,

Enlargement

119


Rare Bust Type

ing left, head right. RIC 29, Bastien 621 (5 spec.). Rare without officina mark in exergue. Mint State $100 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Alex Malloy, March 2001.

607. Aurelian. 270-275 AD. Antoninianus, 3.29g (6h). Serdica, 274 AD. Obv: IMP AVRELIANVS AVG Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from front. Rx: SOLI - INVICTO around, XXI.T. in exergue (officina 3), Sol advancing left, raising right hand and holding globe in left, placing right foot on back of captive seated before him, while a second captive sits behind him on right. RIC temp. 2714 (3 spec., 2 in a private collection, 1 sold on eBay). Very rare with bust radiate, draped and cuirassed rather than the usual radiate, cuirassed only. Not recorded by Göbl 256 with this bust type. Mint State $100 NGC 4625163-013. 

610. Carinus as Caesar. 282-283 AD. Antoninianus, 4.22g (6h). Siscia. Obv: M AVR CARINVS NOB CAES Bust radiate, cuirassed right, seen from front. Rx: PRINCIP - I IVVENT Prince standing left holding baton and transverse spear, XXI in exergue, * / T in right field (officina 3). RIC 197. Venera 4228-4239 (12 spec.). Mint State $100 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Trusted Coins, March 2016. 

Enlargement

608. Tacitus. 275-276 AD. Antoninianus, 2.70g (12h). Lugdunum. Obv: IMP CL TACITVS AVG Bust radiate, draped, cuirassed right, seen from front. Rx: TEMPORVM FELI CITAS Felicitas standing left holding long caduceus and cornucopia, A in left field (officina 1), star in right field. Paris 1488. Bastien 93 (50 spec.). RIC 65. Mint State $100

611. Numerian. 283-284 AD. Antoninianus, 3.64g (12h). Lugdunum. Obv: IMP C NVMERIANVS AVG Bust radiate, cuirassed right, seen from front, clasp and fold of cloak on left shoulder. Rx: PAX - AVGG Pax standing left holding branch and transverse scepter, B in left field (officina 2). RIC 394. Bastien 539 (47 spec.). Mint State $100 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. 

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Acquired in November 2015.

609. Carus, Divus. Died 283 AD. Antoninianus, 3.62g (7h). Lugdunum, 284 AD. Obv: DIVO CARO PIO Head radiate right. Rx: CONSECRATIO Eagle stand120

612. Carausius. 287-293 AD. Antoninianus, 4.14g (7h). Obv: IMP C CARAVSIVS P F AVG Bust radi-


ate, draped, cuirassed right, seen from front. Rx: PROVIDENT AVG Providentia standing left holding globe and transverse scepter, B - E across field, MLX[XI] in exergue. RIC 149 (S). EF $100 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 123 , 23 October 2001, lot 611.

613. Diocletian. 284-305 AD. Argenteus, 3.36g (5h). Rome, c. 294 AD. Obv: DIOCLETI - ANVS AVG Head laureate right. Rx: VIRTVS - MILITVM around, R in exergue, Four emperors sacrificing over tripod altar before gate of six-turreted enclosure. RIC 32a (R3). RSC 516†f. Softly struck. EF $300 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. 

614. Diocletian. Argenteus, 3.35g (1h). Rome, c. 295-7 AD. Obv: DIOCLETI - ANVS AVG Head laureate right. Rx: PROVIDE - NTIA AVGG around, B in exergue, Four emperors sacrificing over tripod altar before gate of six-turreted enclosure. RIC 34a (R2), officina B=2. Cohen 412 (10 Fr.). RSC 412b. Mint State $500

616. Diocletian. Argenteus, 3.18g (12h). Thessalonica, c. 302 AD. Obv: DIOCLETI - ANVS AVG Head laureate right. Rx: VIRTVS - MILITVM Camp gate with three turrets, no doors, .T.S.B. in exergue. RIC 15a (R4), officina B=2. Mint State $500 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Harlan J. Berk, November 2001.  Second Recorded

617. Maximianus. 286-305 AD. Aureus, 5.18g (6h). Siscia, 286 AD. Obv: IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG Bust laureate, draped, cuirassed right, seen from front. Rx: VIRTVS AVGVSTORVM Hercules standing right, resting right hand on club set on ground behind him, holding bow in left hand, lionskin slung over left forearm. Depeyrot p. 95, 1/15 (1 spec., St. Petersburg), pl. 15 (same obv. die). RIC 574D. Calicó 4750 (no photo, citing RIC). Mint State $16,000

NGC 4625015-003.

615. Diocletian. Argenteus, 3.48g (7h). Rome, c. 295-7 AD. Obv: DIOCLETI - ANVS AVG Head laureate right. Rx: VIRTVS - MILITVM around, R in exergue, Four emperors sacrificing over tripod altar before gate of six-turreted enclosure. RIC 40a (R3). RSC 516tg. Mint State $500 Ex Berk 151, 1 November 2006, lot 459. 

Enlargement

121


618. Maximianus. Argenteus, 2.62g (6h). Rome, c. 294 AD. Obv: MAXIMI - ANVS AVG Head laureate right. Rx: VIRTVS - MILITVM Four emperors sacrificing over tripod altar before gate of six-turreted enclosure. RIC 27b (R). Jelocnik pl. VIII.7. Cohen 622 (8 Fr.). Mint State $500 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Pegasi 34, June 2016, lot 639. 

619. Maximianus. Argenteus, 3.20g (6h). Ticinum, c. 294 AD. Obv: MAXIMIA - NVS AVG Head laureate right. Rx: VIRTVS - MILITVM Four emperors sacrificing over tripod altar before gate of six-turreted enclosure. RIC 14b (R2). Jelocnik pl. V.7. Cohen 622 (8 Fr.). Flan crack at 8:00. Toned Mint State $450 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Alex Malloy, March 2001. 

620. Constantius I as Caesar. 293-305 AD. Argenteus, 2.91g (11h). Rome, c. 294 AD. Obv: CONSTAN TIVS CAES Head laureate right. Rx: VICTORI - A SARMAT Four emperors sacrificing over tripod altar before gate of six-turreted enclosure. RIC 22a (R3). Jelocnik pl. IX.9. Cohen 286 (12 Fr.). EF $400 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Pegasi 34, June 2016, lot 643. 

122

621. Galerius as Caesar. 293-305 AD. Argenteus, 3.03g (6h). Rome, c. 295-7 AD. Obv: MAXIMI - ANVS CAES Head laureate right. Rx: VIRTVS - MILITVM Four emperors sacrificing over tripod altar before gate of six-turreted enclosure, Γ in exergue (officina 3). RIC 42b (S). Jelocnik pl. XI.6-8 and 12. Cohen 219 (10 Fr.). Mint State $400 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Pegasi 23, November 2010, lot 611. 

622. Galerius as Augustus. 305-311 AD. Argenteus, 3.31g (1h). Serdica, 305-6 AD. Obv: MAXIMIA - NVS AVG Head laureate right. Rx: VIRTVS - MILITVM Three-turreted camp gate, open, without door, .SM. SΔE. below. RIC 11b (R4), officina E=5. Mint State $500 NGC 2400857-002.  FDC

623. Licinius I. 308-324 AD. Aureus, 5.30g (7h). Siscia, c. 316 AD. Obv: LICINI - VS P F AVG Head laureate right. Rx: IOVI CONSE - RVATORI AVG Jupiter standing left holding Victory on globe and scepter, at feet eagle holding wreath in beak, SIS in exergue, X in right field. Unpublished rev. legend var. of RIC 18 (11 spec.) and Depeyrot 16 (p. 101, 17 spec.). FDC $9,500 The date 316 AD is deduced from the X in reverse field, which may refer to Licinius’ decennalia. This variant with Jupiter holding Victory on globe rather than thunderbolt and with AVG at the end of the reverse legend is not in the standard catalogues, though there is a similar coin in CoinArchives and another was sold by Ancient Auction House on eBay in January 2007. Cohen 89 (150 Fr.) describes an aureus like ours, but apparently only in error, since he cites


the Vienna collection, which does not possess such a coin according to RIC and Depeyrot. 626. Julian II. 360-363 AD. Siliqua, 1.73g (11h). Trier. Obv: D N CL IVLI-ANVS AVG Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from front. Rx: VOTIS / V / MVLTIS / X in wreath, TR palm below. RIC 365. Cohen 157-8. Mint State $150 Ex Berk 145, 14 September 2005, lot 514.  Enlargement

627. Julian II. Siliqua, 2.18g (7h). Lugdunum. Obv: FL CL IVLIA - NVS PP AVG Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from front. Rx: VOT / X / MVLT / XX in wreath, PLVG below. RIC 233 (C), officina P=1. Bastien 276 (29 spec.). Cohen 146 (3 Fr.). Mint State $150 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Alex Malloy, March 2001.  624. Constantius II as Caesar. 324-337 AD. Siliqua, 2.98g (6h). Constantinople, c. 336 AD. Obv: No legend, Head right looking upward, wearing plain diadem. Rx: CONSTAN - T - IVS CAESAR Victory advancing left holding wreath and palm, mintmark CONSI in exergue. RIC VII Addenda, p. 719, 127A (citing specimen in Belgrade), officina I=10. Mint State $400 Purchased from Ed Waddell. 

625. Julian II as Caesar. 355-360 AD. Reduced Siliqua, 1.83g (5h). Arles. Obv: D N IVLIANV - S NOB CAES Bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from front. Rx: VOTIS / V / MVLTIS / X in wreath; TCON in exergue. RIC 264 (C3), officina T=3. Cohen 154 (3 Fr.). Struck with a worn obverse die. EF $150 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Acquired from Pegasi , November 2016 (“ex Hoffman collection”). 

628. Julian II. Siliqua, contemporary imitation, 1.68g (6h). Lugdunum. Obv: D N IVLIAN - VS PRP (sic) AVG Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from front. Rx: VICTOBA (sic) - DD NN AVG (sic) Victory advancing left holding wreath and palm, LVG in exergue. Imitating RIC 212 and Bastien 259, with changes. Imitations of Lugdunese siliquae of Julian II appear to be rare: Bastien publishes only two specimens, pl. XXXII, I 134 and Suppl II, pl. XLI, I 139, both quite different from ours. Mint State $150 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Simmons, London, June 2001.  This imitation is in competent style, but makes several curious errors in the legends. In the obverse legend, the normal PP is replaced by PRP, with an extra R. In the reverse legend, a B replaces the expected RI at the end of VICTORIA, and the normal singular AVG is replaced by the plural AVGG. Moreover the three Ds in the legend, one on the obverse and two on the reverse, are rendered as reversed Cs, without the required vertical stroke to close them. 123


scepter and shield inscribed VOT / X / MVLT / XV in four lines, CONOB in exergue. RIC 71b (S), officina A=1. Depeyrot 47/1, p. 243 (9 spec. from officina 1). Cohen 11 (20 Fr.). Mint State $500 629. Julian II. Reduced Siliqua, 2.08g (6h). Arles. Obv: D N FL CL IVLI - ANVS P F AVG Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from front. Rx: VOT / X / MVLT / XX in wreath, decorated at top with medallion showing eagle standing right, head left; PCONST in exergue. RIC 309 (C), officina P=1. Cohen 148 (3 Fr.). Mint State $200 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Alex Malloy, March 2001. 

630. Valens. 364-378 AD. Siliqua, 1.65g (6h). Constantinople, 367-75 AD. Obv: D N VALENS-P F AVG Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left. Rx: VOT/VX/MVLT/XX within wreath, Christogram between C - S below. RIC 38b. Cohen 100. EF $100

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Grünow, Berlin, July 2002.

633. Arcadius. 383-408 AD. Solidus, 4.50g (1h). Milan, c. 395-408 AD. Obv: D N ARCADI - VS P F AVG Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from front. Rx: VICTORI - A AVGGG Emperor standing right in military dress, holding vexillum and Victory on globe, placing foot on bearded captive sitting on ground before him, COMOB in exergue, M D across field. RIC 1205a (C). Depeyrot 16/1 (p. 171, 332 spec.). Near Mint State $400 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 132, 14 May 2003, lot 18. 

Privately purchased from Ed Waddell.

631. Valens. Reduced Siliqua, 2.03g (6h). Antioch, 367-75 AD. Obv: D N VALENS - P F AVG Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from front. Rx: VOT / X / MVLT / XX within wreath, .ANT below. RIC 34b, mintmark 2 (S). Cohen 96 (4 Fr.). EF $100

634. Arcadius. Solidus, 4.25g (6h). Constantinople, c. 397402 AD. Obv: D N ARCADI - VS P F AVG Helmeted bust front holding spear over shoulder and shield. Rx: CONCORDI - A AVGG Θ Constantinopolis enthroned facing, head right, holding scepter and Victory on globe, and placing right foot on prow of ship; in exergue, CONOB. RIC 7 (S), officina Θ=9. Depeyrot 55/1, p. 246 (30 specimens from officina 9). EF $350

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Romae Aeternae, December 2015.

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Pars Coins, May 2016.

632. Theodosius I. 379-395 AD. Solidus, 4.41g (12h). Constantinople, 383-8 AD. Obv: D N THEODO SIVS P F AVG Laurel- and rosette-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from front. Rx: CONCORDI - A AVGGGA Constantinople seated front, head right, right foot on prow, no lions’ heads on throne, holding

635. Honorius. 393-423 AD. Solidus, 4.42g (6h). Milan, c. 395-408 AD. Obv: D N HONORI - VS P F AVG Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from front. Rx: VICTORI - A AVGGG Emperor standing right in military dress, holding vexillum and Victory on globe, placing foot on bearded captive sitting on ground before him, COMOB in exergue, M -

124


D across field. RIC 1206a (C). Depeyrot 16/2 (p. 171, 577 spec.). Tiny hairline in lower part of left field. EF $400 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Alex Malloy, May 2001.

636. Honorius. Solidus, 4.47g (12h). Ravenna, c. 395408 AD. Obv: D N HONORI - VS P F AVG Pearldiademed, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from front. Rx: VICTORI - A AVGGG Emperor standing right in military dress, holding vexillum and Victory on globe, placing foot on bearded captive sitting on ground before him, COMOB in exergue, R - V across field. RIC 1287 = 1319 (S). Depeyrot 7/1 (p. 188, 763 spec.). Mint State $400 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Alex Malloy, May 2001. 

637. Honorius. Solidus, 4.46g (5h). Ravenna, 402-406 AD. Obv: D N HONORI - VS P F AVG Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from front. Rx: VICTORI - A AVGGG Emperor standing right, holding vexillum and Victory on globe, placing foot on captive cowering before him, COMOB in exergue, R V across field. RIC 1287 (S ). Cohen 44 (20 Fr.). Mint State $500

638. Honorius. Solidus, 4.41g (6h). Constantinople, c. 402-3 AD. Obv: D N HONORI - VS P F AVG Helmeted bust front holding spear over shoulder and shield. Rx: CONCORDI - A AVGGG E Constantinopolis, helmeted, seated front, head right, placing right foot on prow and holding scepter and Victory on globe; CONOB in exergue. RIC 24 (R2), officina E=5. Depeyrot 56/1, p. 247 (4 specimens from officina 5). Cohen 3 (20 Fr.). Mint State $400

639. Theodosius II. 402-450 AD. Solidus, 4.44g (6h). Thessalonica, 420-29 AD. Obv: D N THEODO - SIVS P F AVG Pearl-diademed, helmeted, cuirassed bust three-quarters front, cross on breast, holding spear over shoulder and shield ornamented with emperor on horseback riding down enemy. Rx: GLOR ORVI – S TERRAR Emperor standing facing, holding labarum and globus cruciger; star in field left, TESOB in exergue. RIC 361. Depeyrot 77/1. MIRB 58. Slightly wavy areas in fields. Mint State $500 Ex Berk 147, 1 February 2006, lot 20. 

640. Theodosius II. Light Miliarense, 4.26g (12h). Constantinople, 408-420 AD. Obv: D N THEODO SIVS P F AVG Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust left. Rx: GLORIA - ROMANORVM Emperor nimbate and in military dress, standing right, head left, raising right hand and holding globe in left; CON in exergue, star in left field. RIC 370 (S). This issue normally comes in magnificent condition and this coin is no exception. FDC $1,000 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Alex Malloy, March 2001. 

Enlargement

Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Purchased from Alex Malloy, May 2001. 125


641. Valentinian III. 425-455 AD. Solidus, 4.48g (12h). Ravenna, 430-445 AD. Obv: D N PLA VALENTI - NIANVS P F AVG Rosette-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from front. Rx: VICTORI - AAVGGG Emperor standing facing, holding long cross and Victory on globe, placing right foot on head of human-headed serpent, COMOB in exergue, R - V across field. RIC 2019. Depeyrot 17/1. Cohen 19 (25 Fr.). Mint State $500

644. Leo I. 457-474 AD. Solidus, 4.40g (7h). Constantinople. Obv: D N LEO PE - RPET AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, spear over shoulder, holding shield decorated with horseman. Rx: VICTORI - A AVGGG Z Victory standing left, holding long jeweled cross; to right, star; in exergue, CONOB. RIC 605 (S), officina Z=7. Depeyrot 93/1. Berk 23 var. Slight bend in flan. VF $100

Ex Freeman & Sear MB 12, 28 October 2005, lot 643.

642. Marcian. 450-457 AD. Solidus, 4.47g (5h). Constantinople. Obv: D N MARCIA - NVS P F AVG Helmeted bust facing, diademed with frontal ornament, cuirassed, holding spear and shield decorated with horseman riding down enemy. Rx: VICTORI - A AVGGG Δ Victory standing left supporting long jeweled cross; in right field, star; in exergue, CONOB. RIC 510 (S), officina Δ=4. Depeyrot 87/1. DO 478. Berk 23 var. Mint State $500

645. Zeno. 476-491 AD. Solidus, 4.40g (5h). Constantinople. Obv: D N ZENO - PERP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, holding spear over right shoulder and shield ornamented with horseman. Rx: VICTORI - A AVGGG Z Victory standing left holding long jeweled cross, star in right field, CONOB in exergue. Berk 26. RIC 910, officina Z=7. Depeyrot 108/1. Mint State $500 Ex Berk 183, 28 March 2013, lot 43. 

Ex Freeman & Sear MBS 14, 21 June 2007, lot 528.

643. Marcian. Solidus, 4.14g (5h). Constantinople. Obv: D N MARCIA - NVS P F AVG Helmeted bust front holding spear over shoulder and shield. Rx: VICTORI - A AVGGG Victory standing left holding long jeweled cross; in right field, star; in exergue, CONOB. RIC 510 (S), without officina letter. Depeyrot 87/1, p. 256 (126 specimens without officina). MIB 5. Small hairlines in obverse field. EF $350 Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection.  126

646. Anastasius I. 491-518 BC. Solidus, 4.45g (6h). Constantinople, c. 507-18 AD. Obv: D N ANASTASIVS PP AVC Helmeted and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear over right shoulder and shield decorated with soldier on horseback motif in left hand. Rx: VICTORIA - A AVCCC Ε Victory standing left, holding long staff surmounted by Christogram in right hand; star to right; CONOB in exergue. Berk 32. DOC 7g. MIB 7. Sear 5. Mint State $500 Ex Freeman & Sear Mail Bid 14, 21 June 2007, lot 530. 


647. Justin I. 518-527 AD. Solidus, 4.51g (5h). Constantinople, c. 518-9 AD. Obv: D N IVSTI - NVS PP AVG Helmeted bust front holding spear over shoulder and shield. Rx: VICTORIA AVGGG B Victory standing left, holding long cross topped with Christogram; to left, star; in exergue, CONOB. Berk 37. DO 1f. MIB 2. Sear 55. Mint State $500 Ex Berk 139, 4 August 2004, lot 35. 

Enlargement

650. Tiberius II. 578-582 AD. Solidus, 4.38g (5h). Constantinople, c. 579 AD. Obv: δm Tib CONS - TANT PP AVI Facing bust wearing crown with cross atop, cuirass and holding cross on globe. Rx: VICTORI - AAVGGI, Cross potent on four steps; CONOB in exergue. Berk 76. MIB 4. DO 4. Sear 422. Mint State $450 Ex Berk 61, 20 March 1990, lot 30. 

648. Justinian I. 527-565 AD. Solidus, 4.48g (6h). Constantinople, c. 542-565 AD. Obv: D N IVSTINI ANVS PP AVG Helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, holding globus cruciger and shield. Rx: VICTORI - A AVGGG Δ Angel standing facing, holding long cross terminating in Christogram, and globus cruciger; to right, star; in exergue, [C]ONOB. Berk 44 var. DO 9. MIB 7. Sear 140. Mint State $500 Ex Waddell Auction 100, lot 3. 

651. Tiberius II. Solidus, 4.42g (6h). Constantinople, 578582 AD. Obv: DM Tib CONS - TANT P P AVI Bust facing, in cuirass and crown with cross on circlet and pendilia, holding cross on globe and shield with horseman device. Rx: VICTORI AAVCC Γ Cross potent on four steps, [C]ONOB below. Berk 76. DO 4c. MIB 5. Sear 422. Mint State $400 Ex Berk 167, 3 December 2009, lot 29. 

649. Justin II. 565-578 AD. Solidus, 4.32g (5h). Constantinople, c. 565-8 AD. Obv: D N IVSTINVS PP AVI Helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, holding globe surmounted by Victory and shield. Rx: VICTORIA AVGGG H, Constantinopolis seated facing, head right, holding spear and cross on globe, CONOB in exergue. Berk 60. MIB 4. Sear 345. Mint State $500

652. Maurice Tiberius. 582-602 AD. Solidus, 4.48g (6h). c. 583/4-602 AD. Obv: D N MAVRC - TIB PP AVG Draped and cuirassed bust facing, wearing plumed helmet, holding cross on globe in right hand. Rx: VICTORI - A AVCCS Victory standing facing, holding chi-rho in right hand and globus cruciger in left; CONOB in exergue. Berk 82 var. MIB 6. DO 5. Sear 478. Mint State $400 Ex Berk 144, 14 July 2005, lot 38.  127


653. Maurice Tiberius. Solidus, 4.46g (5h). c. 583/4-602 AD. Obv: D N MAVRC - TIB PP AVG Bust facing, wearing plumed helmet, holding globus cruciger and shield. Rx: VICTORI - A AVCCZ Victory standing facing, holding chi-rho in right hand and globus cruciger in left; CONOB in exergue. Berk 82 var. MIB 8. DO 5. Sear 478. Mint State $450

656. Heraclius. 610-641 AD. Solidus, 4.53g (7h). Constantinople, c. 616-25 AD. Obv: dd NN hERACLIuS ET hERA CONST PP AVG Facing busts of Heraclius (on left) and Heraclius Constantine (on right); each wears chlamys and simple crown with cross; above, cross. Rx: VICTORIA AVGuI Cross potent on three steps, CONOB below. Berk 120. MIB11. DOC 13. Sear 738. Mint State $400 Purchased privately from Freeman & Sear. 

Ex Berk 59, 1 November 1989, lot 44.

654. Focas. 602-610 AD. Solidus, 4.50g (7h). Constantinople, c. 603-607 AD. Obv: ON FOCAS PERP AVG Draped, cuirassed, frontal bust of Focas wearing crown with cross atop and holding globus cruciger. Rx: VICTORIA-AVSU B Angel standing facing with open wings holding long staff with chi-rho atop in right hand and globus cruciger in left. In exergue, CONOB. Berk 101. Sear 618. Mint State $400 Purchased from Harlan Berk in 1989. 

655. Focas. Solidus, 4.47g (6h). Constantinople, c. 607610 AD. Obv: DN FOCAS - PERP AVG Draped, cuirassed bust of Focas facing, wearing crown topped with cross and holding globus cruciger. Rx: VICTORIA - AVςU H Angel standing facing with open wings holding long staff topped with chi-rho in right hand and globus cruciger in left; in exergue, CONOB. Berk 101. DO 10. Sear 620. Mint State $400

128

657. Heraclius. Solidus, 4.48g (5h). Constantinople, c. 616-25 AD. Obv: dd NN hERACLIuS ET hERA CONST PP AVG Facing busts of Heraclius (on left) and Heraclius Constantine (on right); each wears chlamys and simple crown with cross; above, cross. Rx: VICTORIA AVGu E Cross potent on three steps, I in right field, CONOB below. Berk 121. MIB14. Sear 739. Mint State $400

658. Heraclius. Solidus, 4.44g (6h). Constantinople, c. 641 AD. Obv: Heraclius, with long beard and moustache, Heraclius Constantine and Heraclonas, both beardless, standing facing, each crowned and holding globus cruciger. Rx: VICTORIA AVSU E Cross potent on three steps, monogram in left field, CONOB in exergue. Berk 125 var. MIB 50. DOC 43. Sear 769. Mint State $400 Purchased from Harlan Berk in 1989. 

659. Constans II. 641-668 AD. Solidus, 4.43g (6h). Constantinople, c. 651-654 AD. Obv: d N CONSTAN


- TINuS PP A[V] Bust facing, with long beard and mustache, wearing chlamys and crown topped with cross, holding globus cruciger in right hand. Rx: VICTORIA - Avςu Z Cross potent on base and three steps, CONOB below. Berk 151 var. DO 19. MIB 23. Sear 956. Mint State $400

660. Constans II. Solidus, 4.46g (6h). Constantinople, c. 651-654 AD. Obv: d N CONSTAN - TINuS PP A[V] Bust facing, with long beard and mustache, wearing chlamys and crown topped with cross, holding globus cruciger in right hand. Rx: [VICTORI]A - Avςu I Cross potent on base and three steps, [C]ONOB below. Berk 151 var. DO 19. MIB 23. Sear 956. Mint State $400

661. Constans II. Solidus, 4.44g (5h). Constantinople, c. 654-9 AD. Obv: d N CONSTAN - TINuS PP AV crowned facing busts of Constans on left, with long beard, and Constantine on right, beardless, both wearing chlamys; cross between their heads. Rx: VICTORIA - Avςu Γ Cross potent on base and three steps, CONOB below. Berk 152 var. MIB 26. Sear 959. Mint State $400

Inaugural Issue

662. Constantine IV. 668-685 AD. Solidus, 4.29g (6h). Constantinople, c. 674-681 AD. Obv: Bust facing three-quarters right, bearded and cuirassed; wearing helmet with plume and diadem whose ties show to left; in right hand spear held behind head; shield on left shoulder. Rx: Cross potent on base and three steps; to left and right, Heraclius and Tiberius wearing chlamys and crown with cross, and holding globus cruciger;

CONOB below. Berk 170. MIB 7. DO 8e. Sear 1154. Mint State $400 Ex Berk 156, 15 October 2009, lot 56.

Enlargement

Christ as Zeus

663. Justinian II. First Reign, 685-695 AD. Solidus, 4.44g (6h). Constantinople, 692-695 AD. Obv: IhS CRIS[JOS REX REJNA]NJIuM Bust of Christ facing with cross behind head; he has long hair and full beard, wears pallium and colobium, and raises right hand in benediction; he holds the book of Gospels in his left hand. Rx: D IuSJINIANuS SERu ChRISJi Θ (officina 9) Justinian, wearing crown and loros, standing facing, holding cross potent set on two steps and akakia; beneath [CONOP]. Berk 186. DO 7c. MIB 8. Sear 1248. Exquisite portrait of Christ making him look like Zeus. Mint State $8,000 Ex Berk 158, 26 March 2008, lot 31.  First portrait of Christ on a coin.

Enlargement

129


Two Philippicus

Enlargement

664. Justinian II. First reign. Tremissis, 1.32g (6h). Constantinople. Obv: Bust of Christ facing, cross behind head. Rx: Justinian standing facing, wearing loros and crown, holding cross potent on step and akakia. Sear 1256. DO 14. MIB 16. Much better struck than usual for this issue. The portrait of Christ is exceptionally sharp, and even the miniature portrait of the emperor on the reverse is recognizable. Some die breaks and die wear. Mint State $2,500

Enlargement

667. Philippicus. 711-713 AD. Solidus, 4.17g (4h). Constantinople. Obv: D N FILEPICuS MuLTuS Bust facing, with short beard, wearing crown and loros, and holding globus cruciger in right hand and eagle-tipped scepter in left. Rx: VICTORIA-Avζu B Cross potent on three steps, CONOB beneath. Berk 204. Sear 1447. DO 1b. MIB 1. Mint State $2,000

Enlargement

665. Tiberius III. 698-705 AD. Solidus, 4.20g (6h). Constantinople. Obv: D TIbERIuS PE AV Bust facing, with short beard, wearing crown and cuirass, and holding spear diagonally across body and shield. Rx: VICTORIA AVGuΘ Cross potent on three steps, CONOB beneath. Berk 193. MIB 1. Sear 1360. Mint State $800

Enlargement

Ex Berk 151, 1 November 2006, lot 36.

668. Philippicus. Solidus, 4.26g (7h). Constantinople. Obv: D (retrograde) N FILEPICuS - MuL - TuS AN Bust facing wearing loros and crown with cross atop. He holds a globus cruciger and a eagle-tipped scepter surmounted with a cross. Rx: VICTO[R]IA - Avςu Z Cross potent on three steps with CONOB beneath. Berk 204 var. (officina). MIB III 1. Sear 1447. Mint State $2,000

666. Tiberius III. Solidus, 4.48g (5h). Constantinople. Obv: D TibERI - uS PE - AV Facing bust of Tiberius III wearing cuirass and crown with cross atop and holding a spear across his body in right hand and shield by left shoulder decorated with emperor on horse. Rx: VICTORIA - AVSuA Cross potent on three steps with CONOB beneath. Berk 193. MIB III 1. DO II 1. Sear 1360. Mint State $1,200

669. Leo III and Constantine V. 717-741 AD. Solidus, 4.46g (6h). Constantinople, c. 720 AD. Obv: DNO LEO - N P A MUL Facing bust of Leo III, with short beard, wearing crown and chlamys, and holding globus cruciger and akakia. Rx: D N CONST-ANTINUS M S Facing bust of Constantine V, beardless, wearing crown and chlamys, and holding globus cruciger and akakia. Berk 218. DO 3 var. Sear 1504. Mint State $650

Purchased from Ed Waddell in 1993.

Ex Berk 169, 1 June 2010, lot 74.

130


Magnificent Portrait of Stauracius.

670. Constantine V. 741-775 AD. Solidus, 4.41g (5h). Constantinople. Obv: N C - ON - STANTINuS Bust facing with short beard, wearing crown and chlamys, and holding cross potent and akakia. Rx: NG - LE ON P A MuL Facing bust of Leo III (the emperor’s deceased father), with short beard, wearing crown and chlamys, and holding cross potent and akakia. Berk 225. DO 1. Sear 1550. Mint State $950

671. Constantine V. Solidus, 4.43g (7h). Constantinople, c. 751-757 AD. Obv: Facing busts of Constantine V (on left) and his son Leo IV (on right). Rx: Facing bust of Leo III. Berk 226. DO 2. Sear 1551. Small areas of flat striking. Mint State $600 Ex Berk 183, 28 March 2013, lot 59. 

Enlargement

673. Nicephorus I and Stauracius. 802-811 AD. Solidus, 4.44g (6h). Constantinople. Obv: nICI FOROS bASILE’ Bust facing, with short beard, wearing crown and chlamys, and holding cross potent and akakia; in left field, pellet. Rx: STAVRA CIS DESPO’ X Facing bust of Stauracius, beardless, wearing crown and chlamys, and holding globus cruciger and akakia. Berk 238. DO 2c7. Sear 1604. The portrait of the emperor’s son is incredibly beautiful and sharp. Mint State. $950

Enlargement

674. Michael II. 820-829 AD. Solidus, 3.82g (4h). Syracuse. Obv: MI - XAHL b Bust of Michael facing, with short beard, wearing crown and loros, and holding cross potent. Rx: ΘEO - FILOS b Facing bust of Theophilus, beardless, wearing crown and chlamys, and holding globus cruciger. Berk 244. Sear 1645. DO 14b. EF $300 Purchased from Carl Subak in 1991. 

672. Leo IV. 775-780 AD. Solidus, 4.42g (6h). Constantinople. Obv: LEOn VS S EUUOn COnSTAnTInOS O nEOS Facing seated figures of Leo IV and Constantine VI on double throne, each wearing crown and chlamys; between their heads, cross. Rx: LEOn PAP’ COnSTAnTInOS PATHR Facing busts of Leo III and Constantine V, both with short beards, each wearing crown and loros; between their heads, pellet; in field above, cross. Berk 233. DO 2. Sear 1584. Mint State $950

675. Michael II. Miliaresion, 2.45g (11h). Constantinople. Obv: Cross potent set on three steps; pellet below steps. +MIXA/HL PISτOS/MЄGAS bA/SILЄЧS RO/ MAIOh in five lines. Sear 1692. DO 7. EF $150 Ex Berk 179, 11 January 2012, lot 179.

131


676. Constantine VII. 913-959 AD. Solidus, 4.32g (6h). Constantinople, c. 921-931 AD. Obv: +IhS XPS REX - REςnAnTIuM* Christ seated on throne wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium and colobium; he raises his right hand in benediction and in his left holds the book of Gospels. Rx: ROMAn’ ET XPISTOFO’ Auςς b’ Facing busts of Romanus I with short beard on left and Christopher, beardless, on right. Romanus I wears loros and a crown with cross atop. Christopher wears chlamys and a crown with cross atop. Between them they hold a long patriarchal cross. Berk 276. DOC III 7. Sear 1745. Hairline off of cross to right side of emperor. Mint State. $500 Ex Berk 145, 14 September 2005, lot 17. 

both hands. Rx: +bASIL C CONStAhTI bR Facing crowned bust of Basil, with short beard, on left, wearing loros, and Constantine, beardless, on right, wearing ornamented robe, holding between them long patriarchal cross with X on shaft. Berk 291. DO 15b. Sear 1806. aEF $400 Ex Berk 140, 27 October 2004, lot 41.

679. Constantine VIII. 1025-1018 AD. Stamenon Nomisma, 4.35g (6h). Constantinople. Obv: Nimbate bust of Christ facing, wearing pallium and colobium, holding Book of Gospels with both hands. Rx: + CƜNSTANTIN bASILЄЧS ROM Bust of emperor facing, with long beard, wearing crown and loros, holding labarum with pellet on shaft in right hand and akakia in left hand, surrounded by triple border. Berk 293. DO 2. Sear 1815. EF $300 Ex Berk 150, 8 August 2006, lot 56. 

677. Constantine VII and Romanus II. 913-959 AD. Histamenon, 4.36g (7h). Constantinople, 945-959 AD. Obv: +IhS XPS REX REςNANTIum Facing bust of Christ wearing nimbus cruciger with two pellets in each limb of cross, pallium, and colobium, and holding book of Gospels in left hand. Rx: Legend blundered. Facing busts of Constantine VII on left and Romanus II on right. Constantine VII wears loros and a crown with cross atop. Romanus II wears chlamys and crown with cross atop. Between them they hold a long patriarchal cross. Berk 278. DOC III 15. Sear 1751. EF $500 Ex Berk 167, 3 December 2009, lot 46. 

678. Basil II and Constantine VIII. 976-1025 AD. Tetarteron, 4.22g (5h). Constantinople, c. 1005-25 AD. Obv: Nimbate bust of Christ facing, wearing pallium and colobium, holding Book of Gospels with 132

Coronation Issue

680. Romanus III. 1028-1034 AD. Stamenon Nomisma, 4.39g (6h). Constantinople. Obv: +IhS XIS REX REGNANTINm Christ enthroned facing, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium and colobium and raising right hand in benediction; in left hand, book of Gospels; double border around. Rx: ΘCE bOHΘ’ - RWmAnW, MΘ in upper field, The Virgin, nimbate on right, stands facing and crowns Romanus, who stands facing beside Her, bearded, and holds globus cruciger; double border around. Reverse legend variant of Berk 294, DO 1a, and Sear 1820, without the usual MΘ between the heads of emperor and Virgin. CoinArchives Pro contains two other specimens of the same variety without MΘ: Lanz 102, 2001, lot 1104 and Heritage 3035, 2014, lot 29643. This is a coronation issue because the virgin is nimbate. EF $550


681. Romanus III. Stamenon Nomisma, 4.40g (4h). Constantinople. Obv: +IhS XIS REX REGNANTINm, Christ enthroned facing, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium and colobium and raising right hand in benediction; in left hand, book of Gospels; double border around. Rx: ΘCE bOHΘ’ RWmAnW, MΘ in upper field, The Virgin, nimbate on right, stands facing and crowns Romanus, who stands facing beside Her, bearded, and holds globus cruciger; double border around. Berk 295. DO 1b2. Sear 1819. Mint State $400 Ex Berk 156, 16 October 2007, lot 35.

682. Constantine IX. 1042-1055 AD. EL Stamenon Nomisma, 4.41g (5h). Constantinople. Obv: Bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium and colobium, and raising right hand in benediction; in left hand, book of Gospels; triple border. Rx: Bust of Constantine XI facing, bearded, wearing crown, loros and saccos, and holding long cross and globe surmounted by pelleted cross; triple border. Berk 303. DO 3. BN 4-10. BMC 6-9 (Constantine VIII). Sear 1830. Mint State $350

683. Constantine X. 1059 - 1067. AU Stamenon Nomisma, 4.41g (6h). Constantinople. Obv: + IhS XIS RЄX RЄςNANTIhM, Christ Pantocrator enthroned facing,

wearing cruciform nimbus, holding book of Gospels cradled in left arm. Rx: +ΚωΝ RACΛ O ΔΟVKAC, standing facing figures of Constantine, on left, crowned and wearing saccos and loros, holding globus cruciger in left hand, and the Virgin Mary, nimbate, wearing pallium and maphorium, standing slightly left, raising right hand to bless the emperor. Berk 317. DO 2. Sear 1848. Mint State $300 Ex Berk 167, 3 December 2009, lot 52.

684. Romanus IV. 1068-1071 AD. Histamenon Nomisma, 4.18g (4h). Constantinople. Obv: KωN MX ANΔ Michael standing facing, holding labarum and akakia, between Constantius and Andronicus, each holding globus cruciger and akakia; dotted exergual band below. Rx: + PωMAN EVΔKIA Christ standing facing on footstool, crowning Romanus and Eudocia, each holding globus cruciger. Berk 321. Sear 1861. DO 2. Mint State $350 Privately purchased from Ed Waddell. 

Berk Plate Coin

685. Michael VII. 1071-1078 AD. Histamenon Nomisma, 4.32g (6h). Constantinople. Obv: Bust of Christ facing, nimbate, raising right hand in benediction and holding book of Gospels in left hand; IC-XC across fields. Rx: + MIXAHΛ RACIΛ O Δ Half figure of Michael facing in loros, wearing cross and pendilia, holding labarum and globus cruciger. Berk 326 (this coin). Sear 1868. DO 2. Mint State $300 Privately purchased from Ed Waddell.  133


Nicephorus Basilacius

686. Nicephorus Basilacius. Usurper, 1078 AD. Follis, 9.83g (12h). Thessalonica. Obv: Facing bust of Christ Pantokrator. Rx: Patriarchal cross on base; barred. NC 1992, pl. 36, B. Sear 1903A. Listed incorrectly in DOC, p. 706, N 1 as anonymous. P. Grierson, Nicephorus Bryennius or Nicephorus Basilacius?” NumCirc LXXXIV.1 (January 1976), type a; R. Bland, “A Follis of Nicephorus Basilacius?” There were always doubts as to who issued this coin. It was thought of as Anonymous N because there was no readable legend. In 1976 a partial readable legend was discovered which is also included in this coin. Very few examples of this coin are recorded. Though messy and weak because struck by a usurper with worn dies, this coin is actually little worn so technically aEF $1,000

Enlargement

688. Alexius I, Comnenus. 1081-1118 AD. Histamenon Nomisma, 4.27g (5h). Thessalonica. Obv: Bust of Christ facing, nimbate, raising right hand in benediction and holding book of Gospels in left hand; IC-XC across fields. Rx: ΔIMITI ΔЄCΠITH. St. Demetrius on left, standing right, holding sword and presenting patriarchal cross set on globus to Alexius standing facing. Sear 1905. Mint State $350 Ex Berk 149, 24 May 2006, lot 17. 

689. John II. 1118-1143 AD. Hyperpyron, 4.29g (5h). Thessalonica. Obv: Bust of Christ facing, nimbate, raising right hand in benediction and holding book of Gospels in left hand; IC-XC across fields. Rx: + IW ΔΕCΠΟT TW ΠΦVPOΓNT John standing facing, holding labarum and globus cruciger, being crowned by the Virgin. Berk 347. Sear 1948. Mint State $400 Ex Berk 134, 8 October 2003, lot 37. 

687. Nicephorus III. 1078-1081 AD. Histamenon Nomisma, 4.36g (5h). Constantinople. Obv: Bust of Christ facing, nimbate, raising right hand in benediction and holding book of Gospels in left hand; IC-XC across fields. Rx: +NIKHΦΔECΠ TωPOTANIAT Nicephorus standing, facing on footstool, bearded, wearing crown and loros and holding labarum (with X on the shaft) and globus crucige. Berk 336. Sear 1881. DO 3b. Flan crack at 6:30. Mint State $350

690. Manuel I, Comnenus. Hyperpyron, 4.32g (5h). Constantinople, 1143-1180 AD. Obv: + KЄ ROHΘЄI, Christ enthroned facing, raising right hand in benediction and holding scroll; IC-XC across fields. Rx: Manuel standing facing, wearing crown, divitsion and chlamys, holding labarum and globus surmounted by patriarchal cross; in upper field to right, manus Dei; in left field, MA/NXHΛ/ΔЄC/ΠO/TH; in right field, Tω/ ΠOP/ΦV/POΓ/NH/T. Berk 348. Sear 1956. Wavy flan in areas of edge. Mint State $350

Ex Berk 135, 6 December 2003, lot 39.

Ex Berk 134, 8 October 2003, lot 30.

134


DOC IV, pl. XXXVII, El. 1 (uncertain of Magnesia). Near Mint State $600 Ex Berk 154, 24 May 2007, lot 41.

691. Isaac II, Angelus. 1185-1195 AD. EL Aspron Trachy Nomisma, 3.68g (5h). Constantinople. Obv: The Virgin nimbate enthroned facing; on her breast, facing head of Infant Christ; MHP ligate – ΘV across field. Rev. ICAAKIOC ΔЄΠOTH Isaac, on left, wearing loros and divitision and holding cruciform scepter, crowned by the Archangel Michael, on right, in military attire; in upper center field, Θ and in lower right field, X / MI. Berk 360. Sear 2002. DO 2c. Exceptionally beautiful reverse. Mint State $350 Ex Berk 150, 8 August 2006, lot 72. 

694. John III. 1222-1254 AD. AU Hyperpyron, 4.41g (7h). Magnesia, c. 1232-1254 AD (?). Obv: Christ in himation seated on wide throne with IC and X[C] with lines above to left and right. Rx: John III being crowned by the Virgin nimbate. John holds labarum in right hand and akakia in left. Berk 362. DO p. 485, 5.2. Sear 2073. Mint State $350 Ex Berk 147, 1 February 2006, lot 37. 

692. Alexius III. 1195-1203 AD. Hyperpyron, 4.21g (6h). Constantinople. Obv: + KЄ ROHΘЄI Christ, nimbate, standing facing, raising right hand in benediction and holding book of Gospels in left hand; IC-XC across fields. Rx: AΛЄΞΙω Tω K ΔHCΠΟΤHC Alexius and St. Constantine standing facing, both holding long patriarchal cross between them. Berk 361. Sear 2008. DO 3. Flan crack at 11:00. Mint State $350

695. Andronicus II and Michael IX. 1295-1320 AD. Hyperpyron, 3.32g (5h). Constantinople. Obv: Bust of the Virgin orans within city walls with three groups of towers. Rx: Andronicus II and Michael IX kneeling to left and right of Christ standing facing and crowning both of them. Berk 366. Sear 2396. As struck, EF. $250

Ex Berk 140, 27 October 2004, lot 70.

Ex Berk 135, 6 December 2003, lot 44.

Rare Aspron Trachy Nomisma of Andronicus I Gidon

693. Andronicus I, Gidon, Emperor of Trebizond. 12221235 AD. EL Aspron Trachy Nomisma, 2.78g (5h). Magnesia. Obv: Full length figure of Virgin orans wearing tunic and maphorion; MHP ligature to left, ΘV to right. Rx: IC-XC // O/X/A/Λ - K/H/Th/S Fulllength figure of Christ Chalcites, bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic and kolobion, with gospels. S. Bendall, N. Circ. CXIV/4. Sear 2148 (uncertain of Nicaea.)

696. Andronicus II and Andronicus III. 1325-1334 AD. Hyperion, 2.95g (6h). Constantinople. Obv: Bust of the Virgin orans within city walls with four groups of towers; lis to left, A to right. Rx: Andronicus II and Andronicus III kneeling to left and right of Christ standing facing and crowning both of them. Berk 368. Sear 2461. Weakly struck. Mint State $250 Ex Berk 137, 31 March 2004, lot 53.  END OF AUCTION 135


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Gemini Numismatic Auctions XIV  
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