I’d never hurt you
THE QUIZ0 TO WIN A QUICK
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EDITOR/LAYOUT Scott West
This edition of was developed with the help of the young people from the Youth Drug & Alcohol Court (YDAC) Residential Induction Unit.
Tim Baxter Jenny Douglas Paul Harvey Peter Middleton Rebecca Miers Sonam Paljor Andrew Smith Polina Udachina Gideon Warhaft
The Residential Induction Unit is a transitional accommodation program for young people aged between 14 and 18 years who are entering the YDAC program and are unable to return home whilst waiting for a placement in a rehabilitation program.
CONTRIBUTING WRITER Tom Taylor www.tomtaylormade.com
The unit is funded by Justice Health and managed by Parramatta Mission.
Skye Ogden www.skyeogden.com www.gestaltcomics.com
Thanks to all the young people for your insights and creativity in coming up with some ideas that formed the basis of the ‘I’d Never Hurt You’ comic.
Anton Emdin www.antonemdin.com
Also a big thanks to the Residential Induction Unit staff and to Louise from Justice Health for their support.
if you are a worker and would like to know more about how your clients can contribute to the development of call the hepatitis helpline 1800 803 990 or email firstname.lastname@example.org
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Hepatitis NSW is an independent, community-based, non-government health promotion charity funded by NSW Health. ph: (02) 9332 1853 fax: (02) 9332 1730
Hepatitis Helpline ph: 1800 803 990 postal address: PO Box 432
DARLINGHURST NSW 1300 AUSTRALIA
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THE QUIZ WHERE IN THE WORLD IS
Iâ€™ d never hurt you PART 1 THE OTHER
Iâ€™ d never hurt you PART 2 QUESTION & ERelpline ANe HSepW iti at s H with th
300 Aside from Hepatitis NSW editorial comment, views expressed in this magazine or flyers enclosed with it, are not neccessarily those of Hepatitis NSW. Neither are such views necessarily those of our funding bodies. does not promote nor condone the use of illicit drugs. rather, it seeks to provide accurate information that will help people who already inject drugs to reduce risks and make safer choices. Nothing in this magazine should be taken as recommending drug use.
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ENTER THYEOU D QUIZ ANW A COULD CIN R E $50 VOU H ! it’s easy
HOW TO ENTER step 1
have a good read of the magazine
step 2 answer the quiz questions below step 3 send your answers to the 3 questions below by choosing one of the following; 1. 2. 3.
send a text to 0404 440 103 call the Hepatitis Helpline 1800 803 990 email us email@example.com
Example Question 1:
what is the name of this magazine?
Q1 - Transmission Magazine
EDITION 7 WINNER
Bruce & Niki from Hepatitis NSW picked “Debbie” from Katoomba as the winner of the $50 voucher
question 1 - What is the name of the store where Omar got his shoes? question 2 - What is the name of the temporary tattoo design project? question 3 - What percentage chance is there of a mother with hep C passing it onto her baby?
WE WILL CHOOSE A WINNER ON JUNE 10 -
so enter now to be in the running to win
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s i t i t a p e h helpline
RAL. R E F E R . T R O P P U S . INFO CONFIDENTIAL
9332 1599 OTHER NSW CALLERS
1800 803 990 WWW.HEP.ORG.AU 5 ED 8.indd 5
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WHERE IN THE WORLD IS
SEND US YOUR PICTURES OF PEOPLE READING TRANSMISSION MAG AND WE WILL PUT YOUR PHOTO IN THE NEXT EDITION
Mohammad and Vicki fro m Create Foundation. Create runs programs and advocates for children and young people in care (ww w.create.org.au)
SEND US YOUR PHOTOS
0404 440 103
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this comic does not promote nor condone the use of illicit drugs. rather, it seeks to provide accurate information that will help people who already inject drugs to reduce risks and make safer choices. Nothing in this comic should be taken as recommending drug use.
Iâ€™d never hurt you
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* “Shab” (Shabu) is another name for “crystal methamphetamine hydrochloride” which is a stimulant drug, sometimes called ice, meth, crystal or crystal meth
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to be continued (page 22)
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C s i t i t a hep * * we know youâ€™re not a
a quick guide to
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INFECTIONS COME FROM THE SHARING OF INJECTING EQUIPMENT illustration by Anton Emdin
90 % OF ALL NEW HEP C
BUT WHAT ABOUT THE OTHER 10% ? 17 ED 8.indd 17
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IS MADE UP OF OTHER PRACTICES THAT ARE NOT AS RISKY AS SHARING INJECTING EQUIPMENT
BUT STILL PRESENT SOME RISK FOR HEP C TO BE PASSED ON
SOME OF THE OTHER WAYS HEP C CAN BE PASSED ON INCLUDE • • • • • • • • • •
BACKYARD TATTOOING & BODY PIERCING SHARING OF DRUG SNORTING (SNIFFING) EQUIPMENT SHARING OF RAZORS AND TOOTHBRUSHES MOTHER TO BABY (VERTICAL TRANSMISSION) NEEDLE STICK INJURY (HEALTH CARE WORKER) SEXUAL CONTACT (IN SOME CIRCUMSTANCES) BLOOD TRANSFUSIONS (AFTER 1990) NEEDLE STICK INJURY (IN THE COMMUNITY) BREASTFEEDING UNSTERILE MEDICAL PROCEDURES (LESS COMMON IN AUSTRALIA)
ON THE NEXT FEW PAGES WE PUT THESE PRACTICES ON A SCALE FROM VERY HIGH - VERY LOW RISK 18 ED 8.indd 18
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VERY HIGH RISK SHARING INJECTING EQUIPMENT
(not just needles & syringes but all equipment like spoons, tourniquets, swabs)
When someone is injecting drugs, there can be lots of blood around. This means there is a bigger chance of coming into contact with infected blood if there is a group of people injecting together, or if someone is not using new injecting equipment. It only takes a little bit of blood on ANY of the equipment used for injecting for the hep C virus to be passed from one person to another.
HIGH RISK BACKYARD OR HOME TATTOOING & PIERCING
‘Backyard artists’ usually work in an area that is used for other things like a bedroom, bathroom, kitchen or shed, which aren’t clean or sterile environments. They will often use equipment they have made themselves or that they have bought on the internet. Hep C & other viruses like hep B and HIV can be passed on if; • •
backyard tattoo equipment
the single use equipment is used more than once new ink isn’t used for every tattoo
new safety gloves aren’t used for each person
the artist doesn’t have a clean/sterile space to work in or use proper cleaning practices
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SHARING OF DRUG SNORTING (SNIFFING) EQUIPMENT
MEDIUM LOW RISK SHARING RAZORS & TOOTHBRUSHES
When people use a straw for sniffing a drug, the lining inside the nose can easily be damaged and small amounts of blood can get onto the straw. If the straw is passed to another person to use, and their nose is damaged too, hep C can be passed on.
Personal care items can pass on hep C because they can come into contact with blood. It’s best not to share stuff like razors and toothbrushes.
MOTHER TO BABY
NEEDLE STICK INJURY
VERY LOW RISK SEXUAL ACTIVITY
There is a 5 - 7% chance of a mother with hep C passing it to her baby before or during birth.
These occur mainly in places like hospitals and clinics, where handling bloody items like needles & syringes while blood is ‘fresh’ is a risk.
Hep C is not classified as a sexually transmitted infection (STI) There can be more risk if STI’s like herpes, genital warts or chlamydia are involved. Avoid blood-to-blood contact during sex as this could transmit hep C.
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BLOOD TRANSFUSIONS (AFTER 1990)
Since 1990 blood banks in Australia have tested blood for hep C and blood transfusions in Australia are very safe. Before 1990 they did not test and some people got hep C.
NEEDLE STICK INJURY (IN THE COMMUNITY)
Getting pricked by a needle in a public place, such as a street, a park or a beach is a very low risk for getting hep C.
Small amounts of hep C have been found in breast milk, but this has not been linked to the virus being passed on. Because the amounts of virus in it are so low, breast milk from women with hep C is safe for babies. If there is blood in the breast milk there may be more risk.
can you get hep c from fighting? TURN TO PAGE 30 TO FIND OUT
FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT HEP C CALL
hepatitis helpline PH:1800 803 990 ERRAL. INFO. SUPPORT. REFL CONFIDENTIA
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Iâ€™d never hurt you
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& N O I T S QUE ANSWER
is Helpline it t a p e H e with th
can you get hep c from fighting with someone? (Aaron, 21 from Gosford)
YES, there is a low risk that you could... It is important to remember that hep C is only spread through blood to blood contact.The blood of someone who has hep C has to get into someone else’s bloodstream.
For hep C to be passed on in a fight, someone who is fighting needs to have hep C and their blood needs to be present. If a hep c negative person has a cut on their knuckles, for example, blood with hep C in it could enter their body through that cut. It’s safest to assume that everyone has hep C which means that it’s safest to avoid fights altogether.
send your questions to us
sms: 0404 440 103
ph: 1800 803 990
if your question is urgent call
hepatitis helpline 30 ED 8.indd 30
(freecall from prison too)
ERRAL. INFO. SUPPORT. REF CONFIDENTIAL
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looking for old editions of
all our past editions are available on our website
moourl.com/ oldtransmissionmags for more info ABOUT HEPATITIS GO TO
WWW.HEP.ORG.AU 31 ED 8.indd 31
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SMS: 0402 440 103
PH:1800 803 990
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