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Comforting wisdom for life

aojcif;uif;&m pd;k &drjf cif;r&S& d m No death, No fear Nid r f ; csrf ; OD ;

q&mBuD;OD;a&Tatmif\ tjrifrsm;ajymif;vJjcif;ESifh tawG;tjrifpmpkrsm;rS

tusOf ; tm;jzif h twå [ l o nf r S m olwpfyg;ukd u,fwif&ef r[kwfbJ epfem ap&efyifjzpf\/ tu,fí epfemap&ef r[kwfvQifawmifrS rdrdtaejzifh tem rcHbJ tompH&ef jzpfyg\/ xkdYaMumifh twåpJG &SdaeorQ umvywfvkH; olwpfyg; ESihf tNrjJ iif;ckaH e&rnfjzpf\/ olwpfyg;ESihf tNrjJ iif;ckaH e&orQ umvywfv;Hk ab;&Sad e rnfomjzpf\/ Ä rarh r avsmh j cif ; onf rao&m ed A Á m ef o d k Y qd k u f a &muf a omvrf ; wnf ; / arh a vsmh j cif ; onf aorif ; xH o d k Y a&muf a omvrf ; wnf ; / rarhravsmholwdkYonf aoaomfvnf; aoonfrrnfukef? arhavsmholwdkYonfom &S i f a eaomf v nf ; aoonf r nf u k e f \ / Ä Mindfulness is the way to the Deathless (Nibba-na); unmindfulness is the way to Death. Those who are mindful do not die; those who are not mindful are as if already dead.

omrm0wD 0 w¬ K aumorÁ D j ynf t eD ; aCmod w m½H k ausmif ; awmf ü oD w if ; oH k ; ae awmf r l p Of okwåEÅyd#u? ck'´uedum,? "r®y'ygVdawmf? tyÜrm'0*fvm? aumorÁDjynhf&Sif Oawerif;\ rdzk&m;acgifBuD;jzpfaom omrm0wD rdzk&m;BuD;udk

Sa-ma-vati Vatthu While residing at the Ghosita monastery near Kosambi, the Buddha uttered Verse 21,22 and 23 of Suttanta Pitaka, Khuddaka Nika- ya, The DHAMMAPADA,

pmrsuf E S m 25 ok d Y

0d0g'Hb,awm'doGm? t0d0g'Oöacrawm/ jiif;ckHjcif;ukd ab;[kvnf;aumif;? rjiif;ckjH cif;ukd ab;uif;&m[kvnf;aumif; jrifEkdifapjcif;iSm rdrdwkdY\ oEÅmefü wPSm jzif h p J G a om? twå r mejzif h pJ G a om? twå'd|djzifhpJGaom twåwkdYukdyg;onfxuf yg;atmif? aemufq;Hk tjrpfjywfy,fowfEidk f atmif BudK;pm;tyfyg\/ okdYrSom jrwfpGm bk&m;\ omoemawmfESifh BuHKBudKuf&usKd; eyfayvdrrhf nf[k cH,Nl y;D ? xkcd , H cl sut f wkid ;f rjzpfrae vkdufemusifhokH;tyfyg\/ Nid r f ; csrf ; OD ; jyKpk w if j yonf /


VOW

2

"r®0D&onf ]oDv? orm"d? ynm} twGuf jzpfonf/

Aka'¨gaAma",sH

rkawåmarmap,sH

wdaPÖmwma&,sH

opömw&m;ukid godovk?d a0ae,swo Ydk ad p&rnf

b0taESmiftzJGrh S igvw G o f vkd a0ae,swYdk vGwaf p&rnf

oHo&m0J*,ufrS igu;l ajrmufEidk o f vkd a0ae,swYdk ul;ajrmufapEkid &f rnf

"r®0&D *sme,f

'kdYwm0efta&;oHk;yg; jynfaxmifpk rNydKuJGa&; 'kdYta&; wkdif;&if;om; pnf;vHk;nDnGwfrI rNydKuJGa&; 'kdYta&; Mo0g'gp&d,q&mawmfrsm; tcsKyftjcmtmPmwnfwHhckdifNrJa&; 'kdYta&; t*¾r[my@dw b'´ E å ukrm& jynfolYoabmxm; - jynfytm;uk;d ykqed ½f ;dk tqk;d jrif0g'rD sm;tm;qefu Y siMf u 'kw, d ygarmu©csKyq f &mawmf(pDr)H - Ekid if aH wmf wnfNird af t;csr;f a&;ESih f Ekid if aH wmfw;d k wufa&;ukd t*¾r[m*E¬0gpuy@dw b'´ EåaZmwdu(M.A) aESmifh,SufzsufqD;olrsm;tm; qefYusifMu 'kw, d ygarmu©csKyq f &mawmf(ynm) - EkdifiHawmf\ jynfwGif;a&;ukd 0ifa&mufpGufzuf tbd"r®myd#ur[mXme? XmerSL;^ygarmu©q&mawmf aESmifh,Sufaom jynfyEkdifiHrsm;tm; qefYusifMu t*¾r[m*E¬0gpuy@dw a'guw f mb'´ Eåax&dE´(Ph.D) - jynfwiG ;f ? jynfytzsuo f rm;rsm;tm; bH&k efot l jzpf yd#uwfqidk &f mygVpd mayXme? XmerSL;^ygarmu©q&mawmf owfrSwfacsrIef;Mu t*¾r[m*E¬0gpuy@dw b'´ Eåy@dwmbd0o H (M.A) EkdifiHa&; OD;wnfcsuf (4)&yf ok w å Eå y # d uwf r [mXme? XmerS L ;^yg a rmu© q &mawmf -ÄEkdifiHawmfwnfNidrfa&;? &yf&Gmat;csrf;om,ma&;ESihf r[m*E¬0gpuy@dw b'´ Eåork e(M.A) w&m;Oya'pkd;rkd;a&;/ Ak ' a ¨ 'oemj yefyh mG ;a&;ynmXme? XmerSL;^ygarmu©q&mawmf -ÄtrsK;d om; pnf;vk;H nDñw T rf I ckid rf ma&;/ f mb'´ EÅynm0Ho(Ph.D) -Äpnf;urf;jynh0f aom 'Dru dk a&pDpepf &Sio f efcidk rf matmif t*¾r[m*E¬0gpu y@dw a'guw armfueG ;f xde;f q&mawmf wnfaqmufa&;/ - zGphJ nf;ykH tajccHOya'ESit fh nD acwfrD zGNUH zK;d wk;d wufaom pmwnf;csKyf EkdifiHawmfopf wnfaqmufa&;/ pD;yGm;a&; OD;wnfcsuf(4)csuf r[mo'¨ra® Zmwdu"Z wuúov dk o f Qio f &D d -ÄpkdufysKd;a&;ukd ykdrkdzGHUNzKd;wdk;wufatmif aqmif&GufNyD; ("r®mp&d,? bDat) acwfrDpufrI EkdifiHxlaxmifa&;ESihf tjcm;pD;yGm;a&; u@rsm;uk d v nf ; buf p k H z G H U N zKd ; wd k ; wuf a tmif pmwnf ; tzJG Y ? jynfpkd;? "r®xufukd wnfaqmufa&;/ pDrHa&;&m? NzKd ;rmrm - aps;uGufpD;yGm;a&;pepf yDjyifpGm jzpfay:vma&;/ - jynfwGif;jynfyrS twwfynmESihf t&if;tESD;rsm; xk wf wf a0 ol zdwaf c:í pD;yGm;a&;zGNUH zK;d wk;d wufatmif wnfaqmufa&;/ -ÄEkdifiHawmf\ pD;yGm;a&;wpf&yfvkH;ukd zefwD;EkdifrIpGrf; wifp;dk (NrJ -04266) vIid Mf unfjzL "r®0&D pmaywku d Ef iS hf tm;onf EkdifiHawmfESihf wkdif;&if;om;jynfolwdkY\ 'D*spw f ,fpmMunfw h u dk f vuf0,fwGif&Sda&;/ vlrIa&;OD;wnfcsuf (4) &yf tjyiftqif uGefysLwm - wpfrsKd;om;vk;H \ pdw"f gwEf Sifh tusipfh m&dwå jrihrf m;a&;/ rk;d Bu;D ? NzKd ;NzKd ;Zmjcnf? jrwfE;dk ykid ?f ,Ge;f av;i,f - trsKd;*kPf? Zmwd*kPf jrihfrm;a&;ESihf ,Ofaus;rItarG tESpfrsm;? trsKd;om;a&;vu©Pmrsm raysmufysuf jzefYcsda&; atmif xdef;odrf;apmihfa&Smufa&;/ vIid Mf unfjzL"r®0&D pmaywku d f - ppfreS af om rsK;d csppf w d "f gwjf zpfonhf jynfaxmifppk w d "f gwf zke;f - 0980 23992? 0950 01401? 01-507208 &Sifoefxufjrufa&;/ rk;d aumif;uifpmay? -Ä wpfrsK;d om;vk;H use;f rmBucUH idk af &;ESifh ynm&nfjrihrf m;a&;/

Address Hlaing Kyi Phyu Dhamma Vira Publishing House Head Office: Blk (1), Rm(R6), Myanmar InfoTech, Hlaing Ts, Yangon. Branch Office: No. 50, 2nd Fl. Bank St, Kyauktada Ts, Yangon. Ph: 0980 23992 , 0950 01401 e-Mail - dhammavira@gmail.com

vIid Mf unfjzL "r®0&D pmaywku d Ef iS hf 'D*spw f ,fpmMunfw h u dk f taqmif(1)? tcef;(6)? jrefrmtifzw dk uf? wuúov dk rf sm; vdiI ef ,fajr

trSw(f 134)? tcef;(6)? 36-vrf;(v,f)? ausmufww H m;NrKd eU ,f? &efuek Nf rKd /YU zke;f -01-253255 xGe;f OD;pmay(rEÅav;) zke;f 02-39801

yH k E S d y f wifatmif0if;? bk;d &mZmykEH ydS w f u dk f trSw(f 162)? (45)vrf;? Akv d w f axmifNrKd eU ,f/

zvif Empire Colour Repro

,ck t ywf zwf p &m u@ uavmif&Sifrsm;

pmrsufESm

v,fwDq&mawmfbk&m; - - t,f'Dwmtmabmf ---OD;oDvmpm& ------a'gufwm eE´rmvmbd0Ho - r[maAm"d N rd K if q &mawmf 0e0goDaO,s"r®omrd - - rkH&GmaeZm - - - - - - - - &SifÓP(zsmykH) - - - - - - t&Sif*kPao|(pwkbkrd®u) - OD0dvmo*¾(uif;prf;) - - - av;tdrfpk t&Sif0dpdwåom& t&Sif awZ0EÅ(pvif;) - - q&mawmfOD;eE´ - - - - - t&S i f Ó P0&(omaygif ; ) - t&SifZeu(jynfa&Tbkd) - - Nidrf;csrf;OD; - - - - - - - - okw(a&ToHvGif) - - - - - - cifolZmjrifh - - - - - - - MunfvGif - - - - - - - - "r®0D&-oEÅmatmif - - - - cifvSjrwfaxG; - - - - - - rsKd;jrifh(atmifvH) - - - - odrf;aqmif(&rnf;oif;) - &ifEG,fukd(vif;) - - - - - w Ydk txl;aqmif;yg;? owif;ESihf wk\ uAsmrsm;/

&mpkopf\ pdefac:rIrsKd;pkHukd Nidr;f csrf;aompdwf &J&ifw h nfMunfaom avmutjrifjzifh b0ukd &ifqidk v f suf atmifjrifpmG jzwfoef;Ekid Mf uzkYd "r®0&D *sme,f zwfMupkUd

20 3 5 4 23 6 7 12 8 16 19 29 33 34 1 10 32 14 40 17 36 37 39


EDITORIAL "r®0D&onf "r®opömudk ñTefjyonf/

touf & S n f & m temrJ h p G m jzih f ol a wmf a umif ; w&m;usih f B uH E k d i f M uygap avmu&Sdvlom;wdkY\ touf&Snf jcif;? wdkjcif;wdkYrSm vlom;wdkY\ udk,fusihfw&m;tay:ü wnfrSDaeygonf/ rnfonfh bk&m;? jA[®m? ewf urQ zefqif;xm;jcif; r[kwfyg/ vlom;wdkYoufwrf; qkwf,kwfoGm; &jcif;taMumif;rSm uH? pdwf? Owk? tm[m& tay:wGif rlwnfaMumif; Ak'¨u puú0wådokwf ü a[mMum;xm;ygonf/ uH[l&mwGif ukodkvfuH? tukokdvfuH twdwfuH? ypöKyÜefuHtm;vHk; yg0ifaeygonf/ uHw&m;onf touf&Snf toufwdk twGuf vGefpGmta&;ygvSygonf/ twdwfb0u olwpfyg; toufudk owfcJhzl;olonf ,ckb0 ü toufwdkEkdifygonf/ ,ckypöKyÜefb0rSm toufowfolonf aemiftem*wfb0rSm toufwdkayvdrhfrnf? uHw&m;onf toufwdk jcif; &Snfjcif;udkjzpfapaom taMumif;w&m; xJüyg0ifaeygonf/ pdwfonfvnf; toufwdk &SnfjzpfrI twGuf ta&;BuD;ygonf/ pdwfaumif; ESvHk; aumif;&Sdolonf touf&Snfí pdwfaumif; r&Sdolonf toufwdkygonf/ vlwpfa,muf onf tukodkvfwnf;[laoma'go tNrJ ESdyfpufcHae&ygu toufr&SnfEkdifyg/ a'go jzpfolonf wpfudk,fvHk; qwfqwfwkefvmjcif;? rsufESmeD&Jvmjcif;? ESvHk;ckef jrefvmjcif;? aoG;wdk;vmjcif; ponfwdkYaMumihf toufwdkygrnf/ avmuwGif pdwfaxmif;awmh udk,faMu? pdwfysKdawmh udk,fEk [kqdkpum;jyK xm;ygonf/ pd w f a umif ; &S d o l ? uk o d k v f p d w f j zih f aexd k i f o l o nf pd w f y sKd ud k , f E k o nf o mru touf v nf ; ydkNyD;&SnfMuygonf/ touf&Snfjcif;? wdkjcif;wGif Owkonf ta&;BuD;vSygonf/ &moDOwk rrSefuefrrQwrIaMumihf vlom;wdkY zsm;emMu&onf/ touf&Snf&Snf raeMu&ay/ ,aeYacwfwGif qlemrD a&vdIif; usa&mufjcif;? em*pfrkefwkdif; wdkufcwfjcif;? ivsifvIyfjcif;? tylcsdef 'D*&Dwufvmjcif;? ESif;rkd;rsm; vGefvGefuJuJusvmjcif; paom &moDOwk azmufjyefjcif;wdkYaMumihf vlom;wdkY oufwrf;jynhfpGm raeMu&ay/ &moDOwk azmufjyefjcif;taMumif;rSmvnf; vlwdkY\ obm0 ywf0ef;usifukd zsufqD;ypfjcif;? 0doravmbjzihf "mwkypönf;rsm;udk xkwfvkyfjcif;? udk,fusihf ysufpD;jcif;wdkYaMumihf &moDOwkazmufjyefNyD; vlwdkY\toufvnf; wdkawmif;vm avonf/ oaAÁ owåm tm[m& Xdwdum [kqkdxm;&m tm[m&onf vlwdkYtouf&Snf &eftwGuf ta&;Bu;D onf/ tm[m&wGif yg0ifoihaf om MoZmtm[m&rsm; rygbJ obm0vGef "mwkypön;f rsm;ESifh ajrMoZmrsm;aMumihf usef;rma&;csKdUwJhum vlwdkY toufwdkMu&avonf/ tcsKyftm;jzihf vlwdkY oufwrf; qkwf,kwfvmjcif;onf udk,fusihfw&m; ysufpD;jcif;? ,if; udk,fusihf w&m;ysufpD;jcif;aMumifh uH? pdwf? Owk? tm[m& taMumif;w&m;rsm; azmufjyef ysufpD;jcif;aMumihfjzpfonf/ xdaYk Mumihf touf&n S &f m temrJph mG oHo&m0#fqif;&JrS vGwaf jrmufvkd aom vlom;wdik ;f onf Ak'¨a[mMum;vrf;ñTefxm;aom usef;rma&;vrf;ñTef? vlrIa&;vrf;ñTef? usihfpOfenf;vrf;rsm;udk avhvmoifMum; rSwo f m;em,lNy;D usiBfh uH tm;xkwMf u&ef vdt k yfygaMumif; today;a&;om;tyfygonf/ t,f ' D w m

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WE LIVE WITH DHAMMA KNOWLEDGE

4

"r®0D&onf t"r®w&m;z,f&Sm;Edkif&ef jzpfonf/

tjynfjynfqdkif&max&0g max&0g'' Ak'¨omoemjyKwuúodkvf ygarmu©csKyf q&mawmfbk&m;BuD; t*¾r[my@dw? t*¾r[m*E¦0gpuy@dw a'gufwm t&SifeE´rmvmbd0Ho(Ph.D) a[mMum;csD ; jr§ i h f a wmf r l t yf a om

b0qnf;qm u½kPm w&m;a'oemawmf (,cif t ywf r S t quf ) 'DuaeY ppfuikd ;f NrKd UolNrKd Uom;awG pkaygif;Ny;D ]]okcum&Dtoif;}} xlaxmifwmjzpfw,f/ vlawG[m rusef;rrmjzpfvmNyDqdk&if touf tEÅ&m,f[m tifrwefrS eD;w,fayhg/ bmaMumifheD;ovJqdk&if tcsdefrD aq;½Hka&muf&ifa&muf? ra&muf&if aoEdkifwJhtwGufjzpfw,f/ touf tEÅ&m,fEiS t fh vGeef ;D w,f/ tcsdefrDa&mufoGm;vdkY&Sd&if toufudku,fwifEdkifwmrsdK;awG &Sw d ,fayhg/ tJ't D cuftcJawGukd ajyvnfatmif ajz&Si;f csiw f ,fqw kd m [m u½kPm ygyJ/ tJ'DvdktcuftcJBuHKae&wJhyk*¾dKvfawG toufudk vkae&wJt h csed u f av;rSm vdt k yfwt hJ ultnDav;udk ay;vku d v f Ykd xdyk *k Kd¾ vf toufudk u,fwifvkdufEdkifNyDqdk&ifvnf; tvGef0rf;omp&maumif;wJh usef;rmrItultnDwpfckygyJ/ ukodkvfBuD;wpfckygyJ/ at;..aumif;NyD/ b0&vmNyDqdk&if vlwkdif;vlwkdif;&JU tqHk; owf[m aojcif;w&m;yJ/ tJ'aD ojcif;w&m;eJt Y qH;k owfNy?D b0ed*;kH csKyf oGm;jyefNyq D &kd if aoqH;k oGm;wJyh *k Kd¾ vu f awmh b0rSmbmrSrodEikd af wmhb;l / b0topfwpfcu k kd tpjyKaeNy/D b0wpfct k qH;k owfjcif;onf b0topfwpfckudk ed'gef;ysdK;jcif;yJjzpfw,f/ b0wpfck tpjyKNyD;jzpfwJh olYtwGufuamwh oem;jcif;jzpfp&mr&Sdawmhbl;ayhg/ oem;jcif;&JU [dkbuf a&mufoGm;NyD/ bmjzpfvdkYwkef;qdkawmh oem;w,fqdkwm[m touf&SdrS oem;&wmudk;/ aooGm;NyD;rSawmh oem;p&mrvdkawmhbl;/ tJ'tcsdefrSm b,folYudk oem;&rSmvJqdk&if vlawGqdkwm ywf0ef;usifeJY aeMuwmqdkawmh rdom;pk&Sdw,f/ usef&pfwJhrdom;pkawGu xdktcsdefrSm aomuzdpD;NyD; 'ku©a&mufaeMuw,f/ pdwftvGefqif;&JonhftwGuf olwdkY&JU'ku©udk 0dkif;0ef;NyD; ulnDajz&Sif;ay;oihfw,f/ usef;rma&; ulnDapmifha&Smufw,fqdkwm b0c&D;udk tqHk; owfawmhr,hfyk*¾dKvf&JU usef;rma&;udk (odkY) Asm"d Asm"d w&m;&JU vTrf;rdk;rIudk cHae&vdkY 'ku©a&mufaewJhyk*¾dKvf&JUtcuftcJudk ulnDajz&Sif;ay;wm/ 'gu usef;rma&;apmifha&Smufwmjzpfw,f/ vlrIulnDa&;qdkwmusawmh ckewkef;u rdom;pkxJu wpfOD; wpfa,muf b0ed*Hk;csKyfoGm;NyDqdkwJhtcgrSm usef&pfwJholawG[m ajcrudkifrd vufrudkifrdeJY aomu&JUzdpD;rIudk cHMu&vdkY bmvkyf&rSef; bmudkif&rSef;rod&atmif jzpfae&w,f/ tJ'DtcsdefrSm oem;p&m taumif;qHk;? tultnDtvdktyfqHk;tcsdefjzpfaeygw,f/ xdkaomuudk ajy&majyaMumif; ulnDwmwdkY? 0dkif;0ef;NyD;awmh ajz&Sif;wmwdkY[m vdktyfw,f/ 'DtcsdefrSm tMuifemw&m;xm;&r,hf

tcsdefjzpfw,fayhg/ tJ'gu usef&pfwJhyk*¾dKvfawGtwGuf tMuifemw&m; xm;wmudkyJ vlrIulnDa&;vdkY ajymwmjzpfw,f/ tJ'DvkdrGefjrwfwJhtcsdefrSm wu,hftvkdtyfqHk;tcsdef (2) ck twGuf ]okcum&D toif;BuD;} ay:vmcJhw,f/ ]okc} qdkwJh csrf;om atmif? tqifajyatmif? ]um&D} qdkwmu vkyfay;wmjzpfw,f/ pdwf csrf;omap&r,f/ tm;vHk;tqifatmifaqmif&Gufay;wmudk ]okcum&D} vdkY ajymwmjzpfw,f/ at;..usef;rma&;eJYvlrIa&;qdkwm tifrwefrS ta&;ygwJh ta&; (2) ckjzpfw,f/ 'ku©a&mufaewJhyk*¾dKvfawGudk ulnD ajz&Sif;ay;aewJh u½kPm w&m;[m tifrwefrSrGefjrwfoefYpifw,f/ 'Dtvkyfudk jrwfpGmbk&m;ocifudk,fawmfjrwfudk,fwkdifvkyfcJh w,fqdkwm yd#uwfpmayxJrSm oufaotaxmuftxm;ESihfwuG &Sdyg w,f/ tm;vHk;vnf; Mum;zl;MuwJh 0w¬KwpfckygyJ/ Ak'¨jrwfpGm&JUwynhf om0u &[ef;awmfawGxJrSm wdó udk,fawmfqdkwm &SdcJhygw,f/ tJ'D ud, k af wmf[m uHraumif;taMumif;rvSwhJ wpfcak omb0u tukov kd f awG vkyfcJhonhftwGufaMumihf wpfudk,fvHk;temawGaygufaew,f/ yxraygufpu ao;ao;av;/ aemufawmh wjznf;jznf; Bu;D vmNy;D aygufuu JG ek w f ,f/ tJ't D cgrSm wpfu, kd v f ;kH jynfwpdpk jkd zpfaew,f/ cE¨mud, k w f pfcv k ;kH [m Zmaygufvjkd zpfomG ;w,f/ temawG[m wpfu, kd f vHk; tESHYaygufwmjzpfEdkifw,f/ aMumufzdkYtvGefaumif;w,f/ ausmuf aygufovdkrsdK;aygufwmaemf/ ausmufu cyfao;ao;&,f? 'Dudk,fawmf aygufwJhtem[m tBuD;BuD;yJ/ wpfudk,fvHk; jynfwpdkpdkeJY/ tem0u tBuD;BuD;yJ/ 'gwifrubl;? tJ'Dtemu b,ftxda&mufatmif ul;puf jyefYyGm;oGm;ovJqdk&if t½dk;xda&mufatmif ul;pufysHUESHYoGm;NyD; ½dk;wGif; jcifqx D ad tmif a&mufomG ;w,f/ tckacwfq&kd ifawmh emrnfwyfaumif; wyfvrd rfh ,f/ tJ'Dudk,famwf OD;wdó &JU a&m*gu tifrwefqdk;w,f/ aemufqHk;rSmawmh t½dk;awGyg tufuGJvmNyD;awmh usdK;wJhae&muusdK;? rvIyEf ikd rf ,SuEf ikd jf zpfvmw,f/ jyKpw k yhJ *k Kd¾ vaf wGuvnf; Mumawmh rjyKpk Edkifawmhbl;/ jynfwpdkpdkeJY wpfudk,fvHk;npfywfNyD; rwwfEdkifawmhwJhtcg rSm olu Y kd 'Dtwkid ;f yJ ypfxm;vku d Mf uw,f/ aor,ht f csed u f ykd J apmihaf e& ovdkjzpfaew,f/ tJ'DtcsdefjrwfpGmbk&m;ocifudk,fawmfjrwfu ausmif;awmf Bu;D uaeNy;D avmuwcGiu f kd ½Ipm;vku d w f t hJ cgrSm rdr&d UJ teD;uyf aZw0ef ausmif;awmfxrJ mS yJ 'kua© &mufaewJh ud, k af wmfuo kd mG ;jrifw,f/ jrifwmeJY


WE LIVE WITH DHAMMA KNOWLEDGE

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"r®0D&onf Ak'¨w&m;jzifh avmuudk apmihfa&Smuf&efjzpfonf/ bk&m;udk,fwkdif <uoGm;w,f/ u½kPm qdkwmu raepdrfhbl;/ tJ'D udk,fawmf&SdaewJhae&m teD;tem;u rD;wif;ukwfrD;zdkacsmifrSm jrwfpGm bk&m;u a&aEG;wnfw,f/ b,folYudk ckdif;w,fvkdYrygbl;/ bk&m;u udk,fwdkifa&aEG;wnfwJhoabmyJ/ jrwfpGmbk&m;<uoGm;wmudk tm;vHk;u MunfhaeMuw,f/ jrwfpGmbk&m; a&aEG;wnfNyD; b,fudk<uoGm;ovJqdkwmudk &[ef;awGMunhfvkdufwJh tcgrSm tm;vHk;u pGefYypfxm;MuwJh wnnf;nnf; wnLnLeJY jynfykyfawGeJY npfywfeHapmfaewJh ud, k af wmft h em; <uoGm;wm udk jrif&w,f/ tJ't D cgrSm tm;vH;k u oabmaygufomG ;Ny;D 0dik ;f vmMu w,f/ apmapmuawmh b,folrS tem;rSmraebl;/ jrwfpGmbk&m; <uoGm;NyD; tJ'D&[ef;tdyfwJh ckwifudk jrwfpGmbk&m;u rç awmhr,fqdkrS &[ef;awG u ]t&Sifbk&m; rç rygeJY? wynhfawmfwdkY 0dkif;ryghr,f} qdkNyD; *dvmeyk*¾dKvf udk rD;wif;ukwfbufudk rç a&GUoGm;Muw,f/ a&GUNyD; a&aEG;av;eJY zefaq;ay;w,f/ olYwpfudk,fvHk;rSm jynfawGeJY ayaewJhtwGuf yxr {uoDav;udk jrwfpGmbk&m;u a&aEG; av;eJYcRwfNyD;avQmfcdkif;w,f/ avQmfNyD;wJhtcgrSm n§pfNyD;vSrf;ckdif;w,f/ vSrf;xm;wJhtcsdef oif;ydkifuav;ywfxm;NyD; wpfudk,fvHk;npfayaewJh jynfykyfawGuif;pifoGm;atmif a&aEG;av;eJY okwfoifay;w,f/ tJ'DtcsdefrSm ckeuvSrf;xm;wJh {uoDouFef;av;[m ajcmufvmw,f/ ajcmufvm awmh tJ'D{uoDouFef;av;udk tay:uvTrf;xm;NyD; ckeu oif;ydkifudkcRwfNyD; zGyfavQmfw,f/ Ny;D awmh vSr;f xm;vdu k w f ,f/ wpfu, kd v f ;kH aq;aMumNy;D awmh [do k uFe;f av;vnf; ajcmufvmawmh oif;ydkifav;udk cg;av;pnf;NyD; tay:u {uoDav;udk ½Hkxm;ay;vkduf w,f/ wpfudk,fvHK;vnf; oef&Y iS ;f oGm;Ny/D zefaq;xm;wJt h wGuaf Mumifh a&m*g[mvnf; xdu k o f ifo h avmufoufomoGm;Ny/D 0#fauR;cHae&wJh yk*¾dKvfwpfa,mufudk bk&m;udk,fwkdifoGm;NyD; jyKpkay;wm/ tJ'g b,favmuf rGefjrwfwJhtvkyfvJqdkwm pOf;pm;Munhfayhg/ jrwfpGmbk&m;u &[ef;awmfawGudkrdefYMum;w,f/ ]]a,m rH Oy|a[,s aom *dvmeH Oy|a[,s}} ighudk vkyfauR;csifw,fqdk&if *dvmeyk*¾dKvf udk vkyfauR;Muprf;ygwJh/ ]]*dvmEky|meH Aka'¨e 0PÖdwH}} rusef;rmwJh yk*¾dKvfudk jyKpkapmifha&SmufwJhvkyfief;udk jrwfpGmbk&m;u tvGefvkyfxkduf wJh tvkyfwpfcktjzpf csD;rGrf;awmfrlw,f/ bmjzpfvdkYvJqdk&if u½k P m ud k tajccHNyD;awmh vkyf&wmjzpfvdkY tvGefcsD;rGrf;xddkufw,f/ u½kPm udku tifrwefrS oefYpifw,f/ oefYpifwJh u½kPm udk tajccHxm;Ny;D vky&f wJt h vkyjf zpfvYkd b,frmS raumif;bJ&rdS vJ/ tifrwefrS rGejf rwfwhJ tvkyfwpfckjzpfw,f/ at;..jrwf p G m bk & m;u tJ ' D v d k j yKpk a pmif h a &S m uf j cif ; jzif h wpf z uf u um,du'ku©a0'emudk oufomapwm/ jrwfpGmbk&m;udk,f awmfwkdif vma&mufjyKpkwJhtcg pdwftm;awGwufvmwmayhg/ pdwftm; awGwufNyD;awmh pdwfuav;MunfaewJhtcsdefrSm jrwfpGmbk&m;u w&m; a[mygw,f/ (quf v uf a zmf j yygrnf )

em*vd k P f * l uav;0awm& ,Of a us;rI o if w ef ; zG i h f j cif ; &efukefwkdif;a'oBuD;? r&rf;ukef;NrdKUe,f em*vdkPf*lbk&m;ukef; ajr? uav;0 awm&ausmif;wkdufwGif 1372 ck? waygif;vqef; 1-&uf (5-3-2011) aeY eHeuf (8) em&Du em*vdP k *f l uav;0awm&q&m awmfb&k m;Bu;D b'´EZÅ m*&mbd0o H r[max&ftm; trSL;xm;í? e,fpyf a'oawmifwef;a'orsm;rS wdkif;&if;om;&SifomraPrsm;ESihf oDv&Sif uav;rsm; wpfaxmifausmfwufa&mufMuonhf Ak'¨,Ofaus;rIoifwef; wpf&yfzGihfvSpfusif;ycJhygonf/ tqd k y gAk ' ¨ , Of a us;rI o if w ef ; ud k &wemoH k ; yg;tm; &S d c d k ; yl a Zmf M u NyD ; aemuf ? tm;vHk;owå0g ab;&efuGm csrf;omudk,fpdwfNrJMuap&ef/ Oyg'f &efab; uif;pifa0;Muygap&ef arwåmyGm;Muí pwifzGihfvSpfMuygonf/ xdaYk emuf Edik if aH wmf oHCr[me,utzGUJ u jy|mef;xm;aom jrefrmEdik if b H ek ;f awmfBu;D oif ynmoifMum;a&; &nf&G,fcsuf (6) &yf wdkYudk uav;0q&mawmfbk&m;BuD;u tus,f w0ifh&Sif;vif; rdefYMum;awmf rlygonf/ ¤if;Ak'¨,Ofaus;rIoifwef;udk aeYpOfqufvufíoifwef;enf;jy q&m? q&mrrsm;u oifMum;ydkYcsvsuf&SdaMumif; od&Sd&ygonf/

Ak'*¨ w D u d m q&mawmf OD;oDvmpm&

(½kd;rwdrf r[matmifajrausmif;) rm&0w¦ K Ak'¨&Sifawmfjrwfonf om0w¦djynf aZw0efausmif;awmfü aeawmfrlaomtcg xkdrSmbuf[lonf tb,fenf; [k rm&fewf ar;avQmuftyfaom jyóemukd ajzqkdjcif;iSm ]],ó yg&H tyg&H 0g}} paom *gxmukd a[m awmfrlonf/ ,ó yg&H tyg&H 0g? yg&myg&H e 0dZÆwd/ 0Dw'´&H 0doH,kwåd? wr[H jALrd jAm[®PH/ jref r muAsm þbuf [kdbuf pGJrufr,l? ESpfbufvkH;vJ igpGJr,l? ylyifuif;a0; npfaMu;vGwfol? jA[®P Ak'¨ rdefYawmfrl/ For whom there exists neither the hither nor the farther shore, nor both the hither and the farther shore, he who is undistressed and unbound, him I call a brahmana.

pum;ajy/ / tMuify*k K¾ v d t f m; (rsupf d pom;twGif; tm,weajcmufyg;wnf; [l aom) þrS m buf u rf ; onf vnf ; aumif ; ? (tqif ; toH paom tjyif t m,we ajcmufyg;wnf;[laom) [kdrSmbufurf; onf vnf;aumif;? wGif;jyifaygif;um q,fhESpfjzm aom þrSmbufç [kdrSmbuf urf;ESpfbuf pvkH;onf vnf;aumif; bmwpfckrS pGJvrf; jcif;r&S/d udavom[l tyluif;a0;í udavom aESmifBuKd;rS vGwfNyD;aom yk*¾Kdvfukd jA[®P (raumif;rIrS uif;pifo)l [k igbk&m; a[mMum; awmfrl\/

cspfqkH;odkY Ä usifBuD;usifi,f toG,foG,fukd &if0,fykdufxm; o,faqmifoGm;vsuf? oeyfcg;eHYom tjzmjzmESihf cE¨mtvS pDjc,foum? igomtvSqkH; rmezkH;í &TifNyKH;oGm;vm armf<um;umjzihf? t0dZÆmwPSm oHo&mwGif arsmygrqkH; trkdufwkH;rkdY? cspfqkH; tod0ifapcsif/ rsKd ; jrih f ( atmif v H )


DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES

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"r®0D&onf Nidrf;csrf;aompdwfjzpfwnf&ef &Gnf&G,fonf/

r8¾if&Spfjzm omoem(9) rk H & G m aeZm azm|AÁ? "r®[kqdktyfaom tqif;? toH? teHY? t&om? tawGUtxd? tawGUtodjzpfonfh A[d'¨g,we tjyiftm,we (6)yg; -pu©K0dnmPf? aomw0dnmPf? Cme 0dnmPf? Zd0Sm0dnmPf? um,0dnmPf? raem0dnmPf[k qdktyfaom 0dnmPf(6)yg; tm½Hkw&m;wdkYü -pu©Koræó? aomwor®ó? Cmeoræó? Zd0mS oræó? um,oræó? raemoræównf; [laom zó(6)yg; -pu© K oræ ó Zma0'em? aomworæ ó Zm a0'em? CmeoræóZma0'em? Zd0mS oræóZm (,cif t ywf r S t quf ) a0'em? um,oræ ó Zma0'em? raem ed a &m"opö ed a '´ o r[mowdy|meokwfawmfvm owd oræ ó Zm a0'em[l í rsuf p d ü rS D a om y|mefw&m;av;yg;wdkYtaMumif; rusOf;rus,f em;ürSDaom? ESmacgif;ürSDaom? vQmürSDaom? od r S w f z G , f & mrsm; a&;om;wif j yvmcJ h & m ud k , f ü rS D a om? pd w f ü rS D a om zóaMumih f "r® m Ek y óemtcef ; ork ' , opö e d a '´ o jzpfonfh a0'emudk y,fowfEdkifí csKyfaysmuf NyD ; oG m ;ygNyD / ,ck ed a &m"opö e d a '´ o ud k ysufpD;oGm;\/ -½lyonm? o'´onm? *E¨onm? &oonm? qufvufwifjy a&;om;aqG;aEG;ygrnf/ azm|AÁonm? "r®onm? tqif;tm½Hk? toH -eda&m"qdkwm 'ku©csKyf&m? wPSmcsKyf&m? -cE¨mZmwfodrf;? ½kyfodrf;&m? ]0ge} [laom tm½Hk? teHYtm½Hk? &om½Hk? azm|AÁm½Hk? "r®m½Hk ponfü rSwfom;rIonmudk pGJrSDí jzpfaom wPSmcsKyfNidrf;&m? wPSmudky,fowfEdkifí csKyf\/ -oHo&mc&D; NyD;qHk;&m edAÁmefjzpfonf/ -taoo0d & m* ed a &ma"g-wyf r uf r I r sm; -½lyoaÍöwem paom tm½Hkajcmufyg;wdkYü jzpfonfh ]apwem} udk y,fowfEkdifojzihf t<uif;rJhcsKyfNidrf;&m? -pma*g-cE¨m? 'ku©opömpGefY&m? y#dedóa*¾g- csKyfaysmuf\/ -½l y wPS m paom tm½H k a jcmuf y g;wd k Y ü t<uif;rJhpGefYvTwf&m jzpfonfh ]wPSm} udkvnf; y,fowfEkdifojzihf -rkwdå-udavom? cE¨mwdkYrS vGwfajrmuf&m -temv,-tv,r&Sd&m? uif;jywf&monf csKyfaysmuf\/ -½ly0dwuf paom tm½Hkajcmufyg;wdkYü jzpfay: edAÁmefjzpfonf/ onfh ]0dwuf} udkvnf; y,fowfEkdifojzihf wPS m csKyf & mXmersm; cspftyf? om,mtyf? wyfruftyf wPSmcsKyfaysmuf\/ aom? tm½HkrsKd;pHkwdkYücspfjcif;? om,mjcif;? -½ly0dpm& paom tm½Hkajcmufyg;wdkYü jzpfay: wyfrufrIuif;Nidrf;&m? eda&m"opömqdkuf\/ onh f ]0d p m&} (oH k ; oyf q if j cif r I ) ud k v nf ; y,fowfEkdifojzihf wPSmcsKyfaysmuf\/ edAÁmefudkrsufarSmufjyKEkdif\/ þodkYjzihf ]wPSm} \ csKyfNidrf;&m -rsupf [ d q k t kd yfaom pu©Kyom' (pu©m,we) -em;[kqdktyfaom aomwyom' (aomwm edAÁmefonf ]eda&m"opöm} rnf\/ r*¾ o pö e d a '´ o ,we) 'k u © c sKyf & m ed A Á m ef o d k Y a&muf & m -ESmacgif;[kqdktyfaom Cmeyom' (Cmem a&muf a Mumif ; tusihfaumif;? tusihfrSefjzpf ,we) -vQm[kqdktyfaom Zd0Smyom' (Zd0Sm,we) aom r*¾if&Spfyg;wdkYonf ]r*¾opöm} rnf\/ udavomwdrYk S a0;uGmaom t&d,m -ud k , f c E¨ m [k q d k t yf a om um,yom' tjzpfudkjyKwwfaom r*¾ifw&m; (8)yg;wdkYum; (um,m,we) -pdwf[kqdktyfaom reyom' (rem,we) (1) or®m'd|d -rSefuefpGm opömw&m;udkodjrif twGif;tm,we (6)yg;/ ½ly? o'´? *E¨? &o? jcif;?

(2) or®mouFyÜ- rSefaom BuHpnfjcif;? (3) or®m0gpm-rSefaom pum;udkom ajymqdk jcif;? (4) or®mur®EÅ-rSefaom trIudpöwdkYudkom jyKvkyfjcif;? (5) or®mtmZD0-rSefuefpGm? toufarG;jcif; (um,uHoHk;yg;? 0pDuHav;yg;wdkYrS a&SmifMuOf í toufarG;jcif;)? (6) or®m0g,mr-rSefuefpGm tm;xkwfjcif; (or® y Ü " mef w &m;av;yg;wd k Y E S i h f nD ñ G w f p G m tm;xkwfjcif;) (7) or® m owd - rS e f u ef p G m atmuf a rh j cif ; (owdy|mefw&m;av;yg;wdkYjzihfaexdkifjcif;) (8) or®morm"d- rSefuefpGmwnfMunfjcif; (psmefav;yg;wdkYudk &&Sdjcif;) wdkYjzpfavonf/ (1) or®m'd|dqdkwm bmvJ u/ 'kau©ÓPH-qif;&JrI'ku©opömudk odjcif; c/ 'ku©ork'a, ÓPH- qif;&J'ku©jzpfaMumif; ork',opömudkodjcif;? */ 'ku©eda&ma"ÓPH-qif;&J'ku©wdkY\ csKyf&m eda&m"opömudkodjcif;? C/ 'ku©eda&m"*grdeD y#dy'g,ÓPH- qif;&J 'ku©wdkY\ csKyfNidrf;&m edAÁmefodkY a&mufapwwf aom tusihf(r*¾if&Spfyg;)udk odjcif;wdkYonf ]or® m 'd | d } jzpf \ / aumif ; aomrS e f a om tjrifjzpf\/ (2) or®mouFyÜqdkwm bmvJ u/ aeu©r® ouFyÜ- 0w¬Ktm½Hkumr*kPfwdkYrS xGufajrmuf&efBuHjcif; c/ tAsmyg' ouFyÜ-a'gouif;aomBuHpnf jcif;? */ t0d[d Hom ouFyÜ- n§if;qJrIuif;Nidrf;jcif; ud k o m BuH p nf j cif ; wd k Y o nf ]or® m ouF y Ü } (aumif;aomBuHpnfjcif;) jzpf\/ (3) or®m0gpm qdkwmbmvJ ]or®m0gpm}/ rSefaompum;udk ajymqdkjcif; [lonfum;/ rkom0g'g a0&rPd- r[kwf rrSefaom pum;rsm;ukd ajymqdkrIrS a&SmifMuOf jcif; c/ ydokP0gpm a0&rPd- acsmypf? ukef;wdkuf aom pum;udkajymqdkrIrS a&SmifMuOfjcif; */ z½ko0gpma0&rPd-qJ? qdkBudrf;armif; Murf;MuKwaf om pum;udk ajymqdrk rI S a&SmifMuOf jcif; C/ oræyÜvmy0gpm a0&rPd- twif;tzsif; pum;ajymjcif;rS a&SmifMuOfjcif;wdkYjzpfonf/ (quf v uf a zmf j yygrnf / ) rH k & G m aeZm ñT e f ; - r[mowd y Xmeok w f


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"r®0D&onf vkHhvjynfh0jcif;ESifh wnfMunf&J&ifhjcif;ukd jyqkdonf/

ukodkvfykn tm;jyK&\ &S i f Ó P(zsmyH k )

om;av;udk &Sijf yKwm taMumif;cHNy;D awmh bk & m;trS L ;&S d w J h oH C mawmf r sm;ud k om;&Sijf yKr*Fvmr@yfxJ yifzh w d Nf y;D qGr;f abmZOf csdKcsOf&omtjzmjzmudk qufuyfvSl'gef;jcif;? yifhzdwfxm;wJhoHCmawmfrsm;tm; ouFef;'GdpHkeJY e0ur®0w¬Kx rif;[if;vsmrsm;eJY {nhcf aH uR;arG; jcif; pwJt h vSL&Siaf wG&UJ tJ''D geaumif;rIawGu vnf; om;av;udk &SifjyKay;wmaMumifh rdbESpf yg; qyGm;wdk;wufvmwJh 'geyg&rDjznhfqnf;&m ajrmufwJh aumif;rIaumif;usdK; pdkufysdK;cHpm;&rI awGygyJ/ t"du &Sijf yK&mrSm vdt k yfwmuawmh om;av;twGuf ouFe;f y&du&© mwpfp&kH rdS ,fqkd &if OyZÑm,fq&mxHtyfESHNyD; acgif;&dwfqHcs? ouFe;f 0wfay;Ny;D q,fyg;oDvcH,v l u dk rf ,fqkd &if? 'g&SifjyKwJhudpöNyD;ygw,f/ &SifjyKwmouf oufqdk&ifayhg/ 'gqdk rdbESpfyg;vnf; om; a,musfm;av;twGuf &SifjyKay;&r,hf xHk;wrf; pOfvmwm0efauswmygyJ/ 'gayr,hf &SifjyKwm wGifrubJ? bk&m;trSL;&SdwJh oHCmawmfawGudk vnf; qGr;f qufuyfvLS 'gef;ylaZmfw,f/ e0ur® 0w¬KaiGawGvnf; vSLw,f/ w&m;yGJusif;yNyD; {nhyf &dowfrsm;udv k nf; auR;arG;Muao;w,f/ 'Dawmh 'Duo k v kd af umif;rIawG om;&Sif jyKyGJrSm bmaMumifh tvSL'g,um? tvSLU'g,d umrawG jyKvkyfMuwmvnf;qdkawmh? jrwfwJh owdav;aqmifxm;vdkY? owd&SdaeMuvdkY tvHk; t&yfaumif;atmif jyKvyk af eMuwmyg/ 'DuaeY

aumif;jcif;eJY jynhfpHk&r,fqdkwJh t&nftcsif; av;&yfygyJ/ (1) tvHk;t&yfaumif;jcif;eJYjynhfpHk& r,fqdkwm tmZmenfjrif;&JU t&yftarmif;u ayrDudkufrDjzpf&r,fayhg/ udk,fvHk;uvnf; awmifhawmifhwif;wif;jynhfjynhfNzdK;NzdK;&Sd&r,f/ tmZmenfjrif;rsdK;uarG;vmwJhjrif;awmh rSefyg w,f/ tvH;k t&yfu yknu § af o;auG;Ny;D ayrrD? udkufrrDjzpfae&if tJ'DtmZmenfjrif;rsdK;uarG; wJjh rif;udk bk&ifu ol&Y UJ r*FvmyGo J bifrmS yg0if qifETJcGifhrjyKbl;? udk,fvHk;aum? t&yftarmif; yg ayrD? udkufrDjzpfrS yg0ifcGihfay;wm/ (2) Oy"d½kyfqif;aumif;jcif;eJYvnf; jynhpf &kH r,fqw kd m tmZmenfjrif;rsKd ;u arG;vm wmvnf;rSefw,f? tvHk;t&yfuvnf; ayrD? k rf &D ydS gw,f/ 'gayr,hf Oy"d½yk q f if;u vSy tvSL&SifawGjyKvkyfwJh t"dutvkyfuawmh udu f ,fjcif;r&Sb d ;l ? t½kyu f tifrwefq;kd vku d f om;av;udk &SifjyKwmyJ/ 'D&SifjyKyGJudk taMumif; wihw jyKNy;D aemufxyf xyfavmif;Ny;D bk&m;trSL;&Sw d hJ wm? rsufESmBuD;u aMumufp&m? ESma,mifBuD; oHCmawmfrsm;udk qGrf;abmZOfcsdKcsOf&om uaumufawmufawmuf yGww? rsufpdu tjzmjzmeJY e0ur®0w¬Kypön;f vSLwm? {nhyf &dowf wpfzufusOf;wpfzufus,f? cg;usawmhvnf; D kd t½kyq f ;kd wJh tmZmenf udk auR;arG;wm? w&m;yGyJ usi;f um w&m;tvSL aumhawmhawmh? tJ'v ay;wmawGudk bmaMumifhvkyfMu&wmvnf;qdk rsdK;jrif;udkvnf; bk&ifu ra&G;bl;? Oy"d½kyfoGif awmh tóZmae,sow k rf mS bk&m;a[mawmfrl vSyacsmarmrS a&G;wm/ (3) tm;cGefAvaumif;jcif;eJYjynhfpHk& wJt h wdik ;f tvH;k t&yfaumif;atmif ukov kd 'f ge r,f q w k d mu tmZmenfjrif;rsKd ;u aygufzmG ;wm udk tm;jyKtm;xm;MuwJhoabmyJjzpfygw,f/ f ,f? tvH;k t&yfuvnf; aumif;w,f? Oy"d tóZmae,sok w å H w &m;qd k w m rSew f if;wihw f ,fvyS jcif;&Syd gayw,f/ 'gayr,hf jrif;udk Oyrmay;Ny;D vlawGuq kd ;kH ra[mMum;xm; ½kyq wJh w&m;awmfyg/ jrif;rsdK;awGxJrSm tmZmenf enf;enf;ajy;vkduf&wmawmif a[m[Jcwf k u f vnf; ydev f u kd af zmif;vdu k f jrif;rsdK;u tjrwfqHk;? tmZmenfrif;rsdK;u arG; armaer,f/ 0rf;Adu j z pf a er,f q d k & if bk & if u ra&G ; awmh b l ; ? qd k v dk vm½Hek YJ 'Djrif;udk bk&ifawGu awmfaumufNy;D vm; qkad wmh raumufao;bl;wJ?h tmZmenfjrif;rsKd ; wmuawmh oufvHkaumif;wJhjrif;? tarmcHEdkif u arG;vmw,fqdk½HkeJY bk&ifawGu olY&JUr*Fvm wJh tmZmenfjrif;jzpf&r,fayhg? 'grSbk&ifu yGo J bifrmS yg0ifqifEcJT iG rhf ay;bl;wJ?h owfrw S f a&G;wm/ (4) t&Sdeft[kefeJYjynhfpHk&r,fqdkwm csut f &nftcsi;f awGeYJ jynhpf w kH jhJ rif;jzpfrS ol&Y UJ usawmh b,fvdkoabmvnf;qdk&if- Oyrm r*FvmobifyGJ yg0ifqifETJcGifhjyKwm/ tmZmenfjrif;eJYywfoufwJht&nf jrif;csif;NydKifwlajy;wJhtcg olua&SUqHk;a&muf tcsif;u av;rsdK;&Sdw,f/ tJ'Dav;rsdK; bmawG w,f? wjcm;jrif;wpfaumif tcsdeftm;jzihf vnf ; qd k & if (1) tma&m[- y&d P m[- wpf e m&D a jy;&wJ h c &D ; ud k ol u em&D 0 uf e J Y orÜaEémp- tvHk;t&yfaumif;jcif;eJY jynhfpHk ta&mufajy;Edkifw,f/ tJ'gudk t&Sdeft[kef &r,f / (2) 0PÖ o rÜ a Eé m p- Oy"d ½ k y f q if ; aumif;wJh tmZmenfjrif;vdkYac:w,f/ 'Dvdk aumif;jcif;eJY jynhfpHk&r,f/ (3) AvorÜaEémp- t&Sdeft[kefaumif;jcif;eJY jynhfpHkwJh tmZmenf tm;cGefAvaumif;jcif;eJYjynhfpHk&r,f/ (4) Z0 jrif;rsdK;ukdrS bk&ifua&G;wm/ orÜ a Eé m p- ajy;vT m ;wJ h t cg t&S d e f t [k e f pmrsuf E S m 11 ok d Y


DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES

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"r®0D&onf vlrsKd;ra&G;? bmomra&G;? avmuom;tm;vkH;twGufjzpfonf/

aumif;aompum; Mum;aomolrSm OD ; 0d v mo*¾ ( uif ; prf ; )

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aMumif;}} wdkYukdajymNyD; jrwfpGmbk&m;tay:ü ,kHrSm;oHo,&SdMuukef\/ xk d , k H r S m ;oH o ,wd k Y o nf jrwf p G m bk&m;ESifh vku d af vsmnDaxGr&S?d txifEiS t fh jrif wdkY ygpifatmifvGJae\/ tb,fhaMumihfqkdaomf jrwfAk'¨onf aAm"dyifESihf a&Tyv’ifxufa&muf&SdNyD; tcsdef uyif ]]t&[wår*fÓPf? oAÁnKwÓPf}} wdu Yk dk &&SdawmfrlcJh\/ t&[wår*fÓPfjzihf ]]oufowf? ckd;rI? umarok? okH;ckum,uH}} wkdYukdvnf; aumif;? ]]rkom;ukef;acsm? tajymMurf;jcif;? Nyed zf si;f pum;? þav;yg; rSwo f m;0pDu}H } wdu Yk kd vnf;aumif;? ]]olOY pömuk?d uk, d yf idk v f ?kd olt Y owf ukd aoapvkd? xkdxkdazmufjym;? t,lrSm;? okH;yg; raemuH}} wdkYudkvnf;aumif;? tvkH;pkHaom udavomwkdYukd ]]oAÁudav tukefao ac: av &[EÅm}} qkdouJhodkY udavomtm;vkH;ukd y,fowfcJhNyD/ oAÁnKwÓPfawmfjzihf tvk;H pkaH om w&m;wdkYukd odawmfrl\/ xdkYaMumihf rrSefuef tusKd;r&SdwJh pum;wdkYukd Ak'¨jrwfpGmu ajymqkdrnfr[kwf/ auorkwåd&Gmom; umvmrtrsKd;om;wdkY xif wdik ;f r[kw/f ]]pE´u;l ukd Ak'o H¨ &PHyifu zl;onf}} [k ajymqkdír&ouJhodkYvnf;aumif;/ ]]oHukd <uufpm;í om;ukdpGefcsD}} r&EkdifouJhodkYvnf; aumif; jzpf\/ a&S;a&S;bk&m; uJhtvm;odkY rjcm;wl pGm <uvmayaumif;? þtaMumif;aMumihf vnf; ]]ok*w}} rnfawmfrl\ [k qdkjyefojzihf vnf; bk&m;&Sifonf a&S;a&S;bk&m;rsm;uJhodkYyif owå0gwd\ Yk ]][dw okc ykn}} tusK;d iSm <uvm awmfrl\/

xkdYaMumihf owå0gwdkY\ ]]t[dw}} ponfukd tm;xkwfawmfrlvdrfhrnfr[kwf/ rSef\/ oAÁnKwÓPfykdif&Sif bk&m; &Siu f dk rqkx d m;ESi?fh aomwmyefjzpfaom okyAÜ 'k ¨ a&m*gonf Oygoumonfyif rjyKvkyf/ odMum;rif;u xkdokyÜAk'¨tm; ]]bk&m; ukd bk&m;r[kwf? w&m;ukd w&m;r[kwf}} [k ajymyg/ oihftm; ]]twkdif;t&Snfr&SdaomOpöm udak y;rnf}} [k ajymckid ;f &m okyAÜ 'k u ¨ odMum;rif; tm; ]]bk&m;ukd bk&m;r[kwf? w&m;ukd w&m; r[kwf[k rajymEkdifaMumif;}} qkd\/ xkdYaMumifh jrwfAk'¨onf ]]ajymqkdNrJ jzpfaompum;ESpfcGef;ukdom}} ajymqkdawmfrl\/ xkdokdYajymqkd&ef wpfaeYtaMumif;wkdufqkdif vm\/ Ak'¨jrwfpGmonf okbvkvifr&Sdckduf xk d o k b vk v if t d r f o d k Y qG r f ; cH < uawmf r l \ / xkt d cg awma',syP k mÖ ;0ifpm;aom acG;Bu;D u jrwfpGmbk&m;tm; w0kef;0kef;wa0gif;a0gif;jzihf ukduf0g;rnhfykH &efrlapmif;ajrmif;av\/ jrwfA'k u ¨ xkad cG;Bu;D tm; ]]awma',s oif [ m a&S ; vl j zpf p Of w k e f ; uvnf ; ih g ud k wabmabmjzihf &efrlapmif;ajrmif;cJh\? ,ck vnf; oifonf ihgukd&efrlapmif;ajrmif;aejyef NyD}} [k rdefYawmfrl\/ xkt d cg acG;Bu;D u ]]&[ef;Bu;D a*gwr onf ihgtaMumif;ukd od&adS eNy}D } [k pdwrf aumif; jzpfum tdyfaeusjzpfaom aumfaZmfay:rSm raeawmhbJ jymykHMum;rSm tdyfaeawmh\/ okbvkvif tdrfodkYjyefa&mufaom tcg acG;BuD;\trlt&mudkMunhfNyD; tdrf&SdvlwdkY tm; ar;av\/ tdrf&Sd vltrsm;uvnf; jzpfaMumif; ukefpif ajymMuav\/ okbvkvifonf ]]ihg&JUzcif[m jA[®m jynfukd a&mufaeygvsuf &[ef;BuD;a*gwru xifrdxif&majymonf}} [k pdwfqkd;um Ak'¨&Sd&m ausmif;awmfodkY vkdufav\/ okbvkvifu jrwfpmG bk&m;tm; olY pdwfxJ&SdorQ avQmufxm;av&m Ak'¨jrwfpGmu ]]acG;jzpfvYkd acG;ajymwmyJu, G ?f oufaoeJw Y uG jyvQif rif;vufcHrnfvm;}} [k rdefYawmfrl\/ ]]vufcHoihfvQif vufcH&rSmayhg}} [k okbvkvifu ajymojzihf oihfacG;BuD;tm; EkYdCemrsm;auR;NyD;vQif tdyfcgeD;tcsdefü ]]zcif


DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES "r®0D&onf avmuD avmukwå&mtusKd;ESpfyg;twGuf jzpfonf/ a&Tajceif;? a&TcGuf? a&Tyef;ckdifESihf tojymwpf odef;wdkYukd tb,fae&mrSm xm;cJhoenf;}} [k ar;ygav[k rdefYMum;vkdufav\/ okbvkvifonf jrwfpmG bk&m; trdeYf &Sdonhftwdkif; aqmif&Gufojzihf a&TcGuf? a&T ajceif ; ? a&T y ef ; ck d i f ? tojymtm;vk H ; wd k Y u k d jyefvnf&&Sdav\/ þae&mü Ak'¨jrwfpGmu okbvkvif tm; ajymqk d & mü ]]rk o m;ryg ajymqk d w m or®m0gpmrSwf}} qkdouJhodkY oihftaz[m acG; jzpfonf[k rkom;raESmyJ ajymqkdcJh\/ ]]uk e f ; acsmryg ajymqk d w m or® m 0gpmrS w f } } qk d o uJ h o d k Y zcif e J Y o m;Mum; usef a omol tm;vk H ; wd k Y \ tMum;ü tcspf ysuf j cif ; ud k jzpf a pwwf a om yd o k P 0gpm ukdvnf; rajymqkdcJh/ ]]Mum;okH;Mum;r0ifeJY}} [k qkdaomf vnf; Ak'¨jrwfpGmonf rSefuefNyD; tusKd;&Sdaom aMumifh avmutpOftvmukd zDvmjyKcJh\/ ]]z½koryg ajymqkdwm or®m0gpm rSwf}} qkdouJhodkY z½ko0gpmrygbJ okb\ tusK;d ukyd g xnfo h iG ;f í okb\&efudk &Si;f cJ\ h / ]]Nyd e f z sif ; ryg ajymqk d w m or® m 0gpmrS w f } } qk d o uJ h o d k Y ok b \tusKd ; rJ h r [k w f ? ypö K yÜ e f oHo&ma&;? avmuD avmukwå&mta&;wdkYukd ajymay;cJhonf/ xkdpum;wdkYonf ]]rkom;? *kH;acsm? tajymMurf ; jcif ; ? Nyd e f z sif ; rygonh f t wG u f or®m0gpm}} csnf;omjzpf\/ okbvkvifonf jrwfA'k \ ¨ oAÁnKw ÓPfawmftay: ,kHMunfvufcHvmNyD; Ak'¨xH oG m ;a&muf u m ol o d v k d a omtcsuf r sm;uk d ar;avQmufxm;\/ Ak'¨jrwfpGmu auseyfpGm ajzMum;ay; vkdufojzihf oabmusMunfnKdum Oygoum [k wynhfawmfukdrSwfyg [k avQmufxm;&if; o&P*kHokH;yg;ukdyg wnfoGm;av\/ þae&mü Ak'¨jrwfpGm\aumif;aom pum;ukd Mum;&aom okbvkvifonf ]]ur®ó uwmor®m'd|=d uH uH\tusK;d ukd ,kMH unfonhf ÓPf}} ukd &&SdoGm;ayonf/ odMum;rif;onf {&m0PfqifukdpD; vsuf eE´0efO,smOfodkY rMumrMumoGm;cJh&\/ xko d o Ykd mG ;&jcif;ü odMum;rif;Bu;D u þodpYk Of;pm; cJh\/ ]]igonf O,smOfoYkd rMumrMumoGm;& \/ oGm;NyD; a0Z,EÅmjymom'fodkY rMumrMum jyefvm&\/ ]]oGm;csifvkdYoGm;&onf? jyefcsifvkdY

jyefcJh&onf}} þum; wPSm&Sdíom oGm;vm ae&onf}} [kjzpf\/ wPSm\csKyf&monf edAÁmefjzpf\/ edAÁmefonf oEÅdokc"gwfoabm&Sdí Nidrf;at; onf[k Mum;zl;\/ okdYaomf edAÁmefa&mufaMumif;ukdrod? odkYjzpfí odMum;rif;BuD;onf jrwfpGmbk&m;xH oGm;a&mufar;jref;&ef tBuHjzpf\/ xkaYd emuf rMumjrihrf yD if Ak'x ¨ aH rSmuf odkY odMum;rif;a&muf&SdvmcJh\/ ]]oGm;ygrsm; c&D;a&muf? ar;ygrsm; pum;&}} qkdonhf armifaygufusKdif;&mZ0ifESihf vnf ; nD o nf / ]]rtd y f r ae touf & S n f } } qkdouJhodkY rtdyfrae BuKd;pm;rIaMumifhvnf; odMum;tkdBuD;tjzpfjzihfvmcJhí odMum;ysKdtjzpf jzihf touf&Snfum odMum;rif;pH&m 0wd Hom odkY aysmf&TifpGm jyefcJh&aomtjzpfrsm;vnf; &Sdao;\/ odMum;rif;onf jrwfpmG Ak'a¨ &SUarSmuf od k Y a &muf a omtcg ]]eD ; vG e f ; -a0;pG m ? avnmr[l jrih f r l a &S U aemuf ? ajcmuf y g; tjypf pOf p pf a 0;uG m wpf c k a omae&mü aeawmfrlNyD; jrwfpGmbk&m;tm;]]t&Sib f &k m; wynhaf wmfonf eE´0ef O,smOfodkY rMumrMum oGm;cJh&yg\/ a&mufNyD; rMumrMum jyefcJh&yg\/ 'g[m wPSm&SdaevdkY oGm;ae& vmae&wmukd wynhaf wmfoyd gonf bk&m;/ wPSmcsKyf&m edAÁmefonf oEÅdokc oabm&Sdí tvGefat;jronf [k wynhfawmf Mum;zl;yg\/ odaYk omf edAmÁ efoaYkd &muf&efvrf;ukd rodygojzihf t&Sifbk&m;xH a&mufvmjcif; jzpfaMumif; avQmufxm;\/ rSef\? ]]rodvQifar;? rpifvQifaq;}} qko d nhf pum;twkid ;f ar;jref;jcif;onf rodol tm;vkH;twGuf wm0efjzpfonf/ Ak ' ¨ j rwf p G m onf a0ae,sowå 0 g tm;vk;H wd\ Yk q&mjzpfí ]]ow¦ma'0 rEkómeH}} *kPfawmfukdvnf; ykdifqkdifxm;\/ ]]oawåmumo ocFg&}} [k avmu 0d'l [laom *kPf\ykdif&Sifvnf;jzpf\/ xkdodkY ar;ojzihf ]]tar;EGm;ausmif;om;? tajz bk&m; avmif;}} pum;ESihfvnf;nD\/ xkdtcg jrwfpGmbk&m;u cE¨maemuf yyÍöw&m;rvkdufapeJY [k od M um;rif ; tm; ajzawmfrl\/ tenf;i,f&Sif;jyygtHh ]]0dÓPf? emrf½kyf? oVm,we? zó? a0'em? wPSm? Oyg'gef? ur®b0? Zmwd? Z&m? r&P? [k y#dpö orkygÜ 'f ygVdawmf&&dS m0,f a0'em\aemuf0,f wPSm&Sd\/ xkdodkY&SdaomaMumihf a0'emwnf;

9

[l a om cE¨ m aemuf r S m wPS m rvd k u f a peJ Y ? wpfenf; wPSmrjzpfapeJY[k rdefYawmfrljcif; jzpf \ / odMum;rif;u xyfrHí r&bl;bk&m;? wPSmu vkdufw,f bk&m;[k avQmufxm;\/ bk&m;&Sifuvnf; xyfrHíyif ]]c, 0,}} ac: aomtjzpf t ysuf u k d jrif a tmif ½ I [ k jyef v nf a jzMum;awmf r l \ / rSef\/ tysufukdjrifjcif;onf b*F ÓPfjzpf\/ ]]bif? b? tmed? 0drkpöd? y#doif? þajcmufpif ac:wGif edAÁdE´ÓPf}} qkdonhf twkdif; b*FÓPf? b,ÓPf? tm'De0Pf? edAÁdE´ÓPf? rkpödwkurswmÓPf? y#docFgÓPf wdkYonf cE¨mtay:ü NiD;aiGUaomÓPfrsm; jzpfMu\/ tjzpftysufukd rsm;rsm;½Iavav? wPS m aysmuf í ÓPf a &muf v mrnf o m jzpf \ / tjzpf t ysuf u k d o d a om or® m 'd | d r*¾ifukd r*¾opöm[kac:\/ xkdtcg odMum;rif;onf ]]jzpfysuf rS e f o rQ ocF g & 'k u © o pö m rS w f } } qk d o nh f twd k i f ; ½k y f e mrf w d k Y \ tjzpf t ysuf o nf 'ku©opöm rnfonfukdvnf;aumif;/ jzpf y suf u k d y if igaumif x if cif r if ork ' ,opö m rS w f qk d o nh f t wd k i f ; oG m ;csif ? vmcsif ? cif r if a omwPS m onf ork',opöm rnfonfudkvnf;aumif;/ ]]tjzpftysu}f } ukd odaomÓPfonf r*¾opömrnfonfukdvnf;aumif;? ]]wPS m u© a ,m ed A Á m eH } } qk d o nh f twkdif; wPSm\w'*FrQcsKyfjcif;onf eda&m" opö m rnf o nf u k d v nf ; aumif ; ? aumif ; pG m oabmayguf od&SdoGm;onf/ odMum;rif;onf om"k? om"k? om"k [k tEkarm'emjyKum wm0wd HomewfjynfodkY jyefoGm;av\/ xkdtcg odMum;rif;oEÅmef0,f 0dyóemÓPftjrif &SifoefoGm;avonf/ tvm;wlpmG yif aumif;aompum;ukd Mum;aom pm½Ioltaygif;wdkY\ESvkH;om;0,f ur®óuwm or®m'd|d? 0dyóem or®m'd|d ponfrsm; udef;EkdifMuygapaMumif; qkrGef aumif; awmif;vkdufygownf;/ rSwfcsuf/ oifq&m? jrifq&m? Mum; q&mtm;vkH;ukd þaqmif;yg;jzihf uefawmhyg \/ OD ; 0d v mo*¾ ( uif ; prf ; ) ñT e f ; - ouú y OS m ok w f


DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES

10

"r®0D&onf b0&SifoefrIudk trSefuefqHk;azmfaqmif&ef jzpfonf/

apwem? ynm? b,fESihfnm ok w (a&T o H v G i f ) ygonf/

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DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES "r®0D&onf b0&SifoefrI y"meukdy,fí tukokdvfuif;aom &SifoefrItwGufjzpfonf/ wnf;jzihf ysHoef;ír&ovkd nmbuftawmif wpfbufwnf;jzihfvnf; r&Ekdifyg/ tawmif tpkH ESpfbuff&Sdaomfvnf; b,fzufuom t&Sdeft[keft[kefESifh ½kdufcwfysHoef;aeNyD; nmbuf u awmh rvI y f w vI y f tm;tif rxkwf&if BuH&G,fxm;NyD; vkd&mc&D;onfvnf; tcsnf;ESD; omjzpfygawmhrnf/ xkdYaMumihf iSufrsm;wGif b,fnm awmifyH vdk&mysHEkdifovdk vlom;wdkYonfvnf; apwemqE´ESihf todÓPfynm [efcsufnDzkdY trS e f w u,f v k d t yf a eygonf / "r® y 'wG i f ]]okcumrmed blwmed}} owå0gawG[m csr;f om ukd vkdvm;Muonf [k bk&m;&Sifa[mawmfrl onfukd v,fwDq&mawmfbk&m;BuD;rS ]]ykyk&G&G? [lorQum;? okcukdcsnf;? vkHYvonf;\}} [k qkdNyD; vuFmoDukH;xm;cJhygonf/ bk&m;ta[mESihf q&mawmfoabm rSm wpfxyfwnf;usvSygonf/ vlrSeforQ[k qkd&rnfvm;? odkYr[kwf owå0gtm;vkH;[k qkd& rnfvm;/ wpfu,fwef;wGif wpfcrk usef ½kyEf iS fh emrf rSeforQonf rsufpdESpfvkH;yGihfí todpdwf pwifvmonfESihf qif;&Judkrvkd csrf;omjcif; om ykdykdvkdaeMuygonf/ odkYaomf vrf;avQmuf &if; vrf;aysmuf&onfrsm;vnf; &SdaeMuyg onf/ vl Y y wf 0 ef ; usif w G i f wpf c gwpf & H arQmfvifhrxm;aom taetxm;rsm;ESihf BuKHqkH &wwfjyefonf/ tjriho f aYkd &mufcsio f u l dk tcRef ESi0fh idk ;f ulx;dk wifNy;D &Sib f &k ifjzpfcsio f u l dk taz owfzdkY tBuHÓPfay;rIrsKd;ESihfvnf; rp ulnD wwfMuonf/ apwemrSeaf om uHw&m;r[kwf bJ ynmrygaom apwemxm;rI o mjzpf í aeonf/ Ak ' ¨ b momw&m;wG i f vl o m;wd k Y apmifhxdef;a&SmifMuOf&rnhf ]]okp½kdufw&m; (10)yg;[kac:aom ukovur®yx (10)rsKd; &Sdav\/ ygPmwdygw0d&wd? t'dEém'ge0d&wd? umarokrpd mä pm&0d&wd? rkom0g'0d&wd? ydoP k 0gpm0d&wd? z½ko0gpm0d&wd? orÜyÜvmyg0d&wd? tebdZÑm? tAsmyg'? or®m'd|dwdkYjzpfonf/ xk(d 10)rsK;d wdw Yk iG f eHygwfwpf ygPmwd ygw0d & wd o nf owå 0 gwd k Y \ touf u k d owfjzwfn§if;qJjcif;rS a&SmifMuOfjcif;jzpfí ab;rJhtvSL wpfenf;tm;jzihf jrihfjrwfpifMu,f tusKd;BuD;rm;aom tb,'geyifjzpfonf/ eHygwf(10)ajrmuf or®m'd|rd mS rSeu f efaumif;rGef aom t,ltqoabmxm;ukd vufcH&,ljcif; yifjzpfonf/ ab;rJt h vSL odrYk [kwf tb,'ge onf ukokdvfapwemyifjzpfí rSefuefaom

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t,ltqukd vufcHjcif;rSmvnf; todynm&Sd jcif;yifjzpfonf/ tjcm;wpfenf;rSm vlom;wdYk vdu k ef m usihfokH;&rnhf yknBud,m0w¦K (10)yg;[k qkd aom jyKoihaf omw&m;(10)rsK;d &S\ d / 'ge? oDv? bm0em? typm,e? a0,sm0pö ? ywå d ' ge? ywåmEkarm'em? "r®o0e? "r®a'oem? 'd|Zd u k r® [líjzpfonf/ 'gerSm pGefYBuJay;urf;vSL'gef; jcif;jzpfí apwem'geESihf 0w¦K'geESpfrsKd;&Sdav onf / ypö n f ; Opö m taqmuf t OD ; ? tok H ; taqmif w d k Y u k d vS L 'gef ; jcif ; rS m 0w¦ K jzpf í wpfbufom;ukd jzpfapvkd? &ap aumif;ap vdak om pdwq f E´wrYkd mS apwem'geyifjzpfonf/ aemuf qkH;ydwf 'd|dZkur®rSm t,lajzmihfrSefjcif; jzpf í t,l a jzmih f r S e f j cif ; qk d o nf r S m rSefuefaom todÓPfynmomjzpfonf/

Ak ' ¨ b momw&m;t& apmih f x d e f ; a&SmifMuOf&rnhftydkif;wGif pdwfapwemjzLpifrI? tb,'ge? ab;rJt h vSLrS pHwifNy;D rSeu f efaom t,ltqukd odjrifvufcHjcif;ESihf ykdif;jzwfum usihfokH;yGm;rsm;&rnhftydkif;wGif apwem'geu OD;aqmifNyD; ajzmihfrwfaumif;rGefjcif;? tod ÓPfynmjzihf tqkH;owfxm;\/ xkdYaMumihf vlESihfvlYywf0ef;usifwGif rvGJraoG BuKHqkHae&aom um,uHrI? 0pDuHrI? raemuHrI tpkpkwdkYwGif jrif& Mum;& eH& pm;& xdawGUrIwaYkd y:ü apwemtcsKzd ;Hk í ynmoum avmif;um tvSwiG t f ,Ofqihí f b,fnmtpkH ysH0JEkdifMuygapukefaomf/ qif;&Jcsrf;om owå0gtaygif; aumif;usKd; vdk&mqE´ jynhf0Ekdifygap/ ok w a&T o H v G i f

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DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES

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DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES "r®0D&onf rdrdudk,fudk apmifha&SmufEdkif&eftwGuf jzpfonf/ ylyal EG;aEG; trGet f jrwfuo kd m uyfvLS Muonf/ aeawmhvnf; a&Tausmif;awmfBu;D xJ ae&onf/ olu Y sawmh wpfaeukef tvkyv f yk af e&wmawmif csOaf ygif[if;eyfrrSecf si?f 0wfp&m tpkwt f jywf? aep&mwJukwf tvGefpkwfcsmvS\/ 'gqdkvQif vlYb0rSmae&wm bmtusdK;&SdawmhrSmvJ? ol pOf;pm;&if; pOf;pm;&if;jzihf vlYb0udk pdwfukef vmonf / taeacsmif a om&[ef ; b0ud k tm;usvmonf/ xdkYaemuf &[ef;0wf&ef ol qHk;jzwfcsuf csvdkufawmh\/ tdraf &mufawmh &[ef;0wfawmhrnfh taMumif; r,m;tm;ajymaomtcg? ol\rde;f r onf ayghayhgaewwfaomrde;f rjzpfaomaMumihf tomwMunfyif cGijfh yKavonf/ olüwG,w f m p&mqdk r,m;ESiafh ygufw;l om&So d nf/ aygufw;l onf olYb0&JU aus;Zl;&Sifjzpfonf/ olvlysdK t&G , f a&muf u wnf ; u ayguf w l ; av;eJ Y &SmazGpm;aomufcJh&onf/ 'Daygufwl;av; aMumifh olwv Ykd ifr,m;ESpaf ,muf iwfraoMu jcif;jzpf\/ aygufwl;ESihfolonf cGJjcm;ír&? xd k Y a Mumih f wcsd K Uaomvl a wG u ol Y u d k ]]armifaygufw;l }} [líyifac:Mu\/ xdak ygufw;l av;udk pGefYvTwf&eftwGuf olpdwfraumif;jzpf rdonf/ tdrfatmufü aocsmpGmodrf;xm;vkduf \/ NyD;aemuf aZw0efausmif;awmfBuD;qD jyefvmcJNh y;D &[ef;awmfrsm;ud&k cdS ;kd awmif;yefum &[ef;abmifodkY wufvkdufav\/ trSefawmh ol&[ef;0wfjcif;onf w&m;&ír[k w f ? taeracsmif a omb0ud k pdwef mNy;D ? olt Y jriftm;jzihf taeacsmifonf[k xifaom &[ef;b0udk ajymif;vmcJhjcif;jzpf\/ &[ef;jzpfvdkY wpfywftMumrSm oltjrifawG rSm;,Gif;aMumif; odvkduf&avonf/ 0wfcgp wkef;uawmh aysmf&Tifygonf/ oljzpfcsifcJhwJht wkdif; aumif;aumif;pm;&onf/ vlYb0rSmvdk tvkyrf vky&f ? a&Tausmif;Bu;D rSm rd;k vHak vvHak e& onf/ aysmf&Tifrd\/ vlYb0rSm rcHpm;&aom pnf;pdrfawGudk cHpm;&onfu rSefyg\/ odkYaomf..olYudk 0denf;aqmifq&m awmfu 0denf;odu©myk'fawGudk &[ef;jzpfonf twG u f od a tmif u suf & rnf [ k a jymonf / &[ef ; awGapmifhxdef;&rJh usihf0wfawG b,f avmuf ? usih f 0 wf a wG u d k usL;vG e f N yD ; tmywf r ajzu b,f v d k q if ; &J c H p m;&r,f ponf j zih f ol Y u d k o if a y;onf / oH C mh a0,sma0pö/ ausmif;wkdufa0,sma0pöawGudk jyKvkyf&rnfjzpfaMumif; aeYpOf rjywfajymMu onf / tbd " r® m aqmif q &mawmf u vnf ; eufeJcufcJvSwJh tbd"r®mawGudk oifay;

onf/ b,ftrIudkrjyKESihf? b,ftrIudk jyK& rnf [ k oif a y;onf / ok w å e f a qmif q &m awmf u rsm;jym;vS w J h o k w å e f a wG u d k tm*H k &atmif usufrSwfckdif;\/ taeMumvmawmh olpOf;pm;vmonf/ olYb0cufcJyifyef;onhf 'Pfudk rcHEdkifí &[ef;0wfvmjcif;jzpf\/ ckawmh &[ef;b0onf rsm;jym;wJu h si0fh wfawG? usuf p &mrS w f p &mawG ? aeY w "l 0 ud p ö a wG e J Y ajcqefYvufqefY r&atmifyif usOf;usyfvS\/ vlYb0onf qif;&Jw,fqdkayr,hf vGwfvyfonf/ tyltat;vkdcsifwmudk &SmBuH jyKvkyfvkdY&\/ &[ef;b0onfum; tylvdkvQif tat;udk &wwf\/ tat;vdkvQif tyludk &wwf\/ ud, k v f yk cf siw f mvkyí f r&? uk, d t f rl t&m EIwt f rlt&mudk razmufjyefatmif owd uyfae&onf/ aemufq;kH rjrif&wJph w d u f akd wmif csKyfcs,fae&\/ wjznf;jznf;eJY olvlxGufcsif vmonf/ vl x G u f c sif w J h t jcm;taMumif ; wpfcsufvnf;&Sdao;onf/ &[ef;0wfuwnf; u wPSm&m*udkpdwfukefí 0wfcJhjcif;r[kwf aomaMumifh tdrfuolYZeD;rsufESmudk cPcP jrifa,mifvmonf/ aeYwkdif;&m*w&m;awGu ol Y u d k rjywf w rf ; ES d y f p uf a e\/ NyD ; awmh tdraf tmufrmS xmcJw h hJ olv Y ufpaJG wmfaygufw;l av;udk owd&onf/ &SdrS&Sdao;&JUvm;? aysmuf oGm;NyDvm;/ oltm;udk;p&m ydkifqdkifp&mqdkvdkY 'gav;yJ&o dS nf/ aygufw;l av;udk rsupf x d J cP cP jrifa,mifvmonf/ aemufq;kH olb,fvkd rS &[ef;b0rSm raysmfawmhojzihf vlxGufí tdrfjyefcJhavawmh\/ 'DvdkeJY vlYb0udkNiD;aiGU&if &[ef;0wf vkduf? r,m;eJYaygufwl;udk owd&&if vlxGuf vkdufeJY ajcmufBudrfwkdifwdkif vlxGuf? ajcmuf Budrfwkdifwdkif &[ef;0wfcJh\/ tazmf&[ef;awG uawmif pdwftvdkvdkuf pdwfjrefwJhtwGuf aMumifh olu Y kd ]]OD;Zif;pdwjf ref}} vdaYk wmif ac:ae Muav\/ ckvlxGuf? ck&[ef;0wfvkdufeJY aygh ysuyf suf yk*Kd¾ vw f pfa,muf[v k nf; rSwx f ifae Mu\/ w&m;&Sifjzpfawmfrlaom &[ef;awGu vnf; onf;cHawmfrMl uygonf/ ouFe;f 0wfvQif vnf; tomwMunf0wfay;onf/ vlxu G rf nf qdkvQifvnf; rwm;? tomwMunfyif vlxGuf ay;onf / ol u vnf ; &[ef ; 0wf p Of c Pü ausmif;eJY&[ef;awG&JU a0,sm0pöawGudk txl; ausyGefpGmyif jyKvkyfay;\/ ol\&[ef;tjzpf onf ,HkMunfcsufaMumifhr[kwf/ taetpm; acsmifí &[ef;jyKjcif;jzpfonf/ 'gudkvnf; olYudk,folodyg\/

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ajcmufBudrfajrmufvlxGufNyD; xHk;pH twkdif; v,fawmuae aygufwl;av;udk ycHk; ay:xrf;Ny;D tdrjf yefvmcJo h nf/ tdraf &mufawmh aygufw;l udk avSum;&if;axmifxm;Ny;D tdraf y: wufvmcJh\/ tdrfcef;xJ ZeD;tdyfaeonfudk awGUvku d &f onf/ olao-csmMunhrf o d nf/ cyf00 cE¨mudk,f&Sdaom ol\ZeD;onf &ifbwfMu,f oD;rsm; jyKwfae\/ yg;pyf[NyD; oGm;a&awG usaeonf/ tdyfaeaomfvnf; rsufvHk;um; rrS d w f ? a[muf o H a wG v nf ; ay;aeonf / aocgeD;rom rsufjzLvefaeovdkjzpfae\/ olMunh&f if; tokbtdrx f J a&mufaeovdk cHpm; rdvmonf/ ZeD;udk tokbaumifvYkd jrifa,mif vmonf/ cE¨mudk,frS acR;ap;wdkYxGufvm\/ ol tBuD;tus,f oHa0*&rdygNyD/ av;uefaom ajcvSr;f wdjYk zihf tdraf y: rSqif;vmcJo h nf/ xrif;pm;csiw f phJ w d v f nf; r&Sd awmh? olYrsufpdxJ ZeD;onftdyfaysmfaeyHkuom vTrf;rdk;ae\/ tokbudk okbodkY xifcJhrd\/ ayguf w l ; ud k ol a umuf u d k i f v k d u f o nf / 'D aygufwl;eJYr,m;aMumihf at;csrf;wJh&[ef;b0 udk pGefYvTwf&jcif;jzpfonf/ 'gawGomr&SdvQif olvlxGufjzpfrSmr[kwf? yxrqHk; 'Daygufwl; r&Sdatmif t&ifvkyf&rnf/ oljrpfurf;bufudk aygufwl;udkifNyD; avQmufvmcJh\/ tNyD;tydkif &[ef;0wfzdkY cdkifrmpGm qHk;jzwfcsuf csvdkufNyD jzpf \ / jrpfurf;eab;onf vlolr&Sd? av w[l;[l;wkdufcwfae\/ avaMumifh a&jyif onf vdIif;ti,fpm;av;awG wGefYvdrfwGefYvdrf ESi?hf a&pyfem;txd olavQmufomG ;onf/ ol0wf xm;aom ykq;kd onf wbwfbwfEiS fh ajcovH;k udk ½dkufcwfae\/ olrsufvHk;udk pHkrSdwfvkduf\/ olYtm½HkxJ ZeD;onf\ tdyfaewJhyHkpH? olYb0&JU vlaerIpepf? &[ef;0wfcJhonhfyHk&dyfrsm; jyefjrif a,mifvmonf/ aygufwl;udk ESpfcsufoHk;csuf avay:rSm arTU&rf;NyD; a&xJodkYypfcsvkdufonf/ rsuv f ;kH rzGi?fh AGr;f qdak omtoHuMkd um;Ny;D cyfMum MumrS rsuf v H k ; ud k zG i h f v k d u f \ / ayguf w l ; b,fae&mrSm usoGm;onfudk olrodawmh/ ckrS &ifxJwif;usyfaewmawG avsmh oGm;avonf/ aygufwl;av;udk pGefYvTwf&ef cufcJpGm qHk;jzwfcsufcscJh&\/ olvkyfEdkifvkduf ygNyD/ tpyxrtcgrsm;pGmwdkYü aygufwl;onf olt Y m;vTr;f rd;k Edik \ f / ckwpfcg olu aygufw;l udk vTrf;rdk;EdkifygNyD/ 0rf;omvGef;ojzihf olYEIwfu atmif N yD ? atmif N yD ? atmif N yD [ k us,f a vmif p G m oH k ; Bud r f & G w f q d k r d a v\/ pmrsuf E S m 15 ok d Y


DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES

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"r®0D&onf vlrsKd;ra&G; bmomra&G;? vlom;rsKd;EG,ftm;vHk;twGuf jzpfonf/

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(1) vlru kd [ f u l ? rIudpöudk? rqrn§m? jyKwwfpGm\? xif&mjyKav? awGU&mra&Smif? vlrdkufacgifum;? ckaemifumv? ESpfb0ü? twåy&? [dwrJhaMumif;? raumif;udkom? ½IwwfpGm\/ (tydkif; 216) (2) AmvwdkYtm;? rajr§mufpm;&m? ajr§mufpm;wHkvpf? oem;cspfu? tjypfudk,hfrSm? jzpfwwfpGmcJh/ (tydk'f 219) (3) rdrdtusKd;? aqmifo,fydk;u? aqGrsKd;r[l? rnfolrqdk? cspfMunfndKavmh/ (tyd'k -f 220) (4) rvdktusKd;? aqGrsKd;rrnf? rMunfrvif? raumif;vQifrl? udk,fwGifjzpfyGm;? aoG;ESihfom;vnf;? BuD;rm;pifppf? &efoljzpf\/ (tydk'f 220) (5) rdrdudk,fudk? BuD;yGm;vdku? twdkrjyK? t&Snf½Iavmh/ (tydk'f 221)

(6) tcGifhrqdkif? a&;rydkifu? tEkdifb,fcg? rusihf&mbl;? vdrfrmojzihf? a&;&mcsihfí? toihfÓPf½I? qifjcifjyKavmh/ (tydk'f 221) (7) &mZmjynhf&Sif? uif;tjrifESihf? qifjcifroihf? ÓPfrcsifhbJ? rif;usihfw&m;? ,Gif;azmufjym;u? wdkif;um;jynfol? rD;odkYylvdrfh/ (tydk'f 222) (8) olrdkufolnpf? raygif;&pfoihf? rppfrsKd;EG,f? vl0,fjzpfqef;? vlYaygufyef;ESihf? ozef;usD;tm? oD;yrmodkY? vl0gEIwfajym? jyifomacsm\/ (tydk'f 223) (9) 0g;yifusLyif? iSufaysmyifwdkY? oD;vQifrkcs? aoukefMuodkY? Amvaumif;pm;? r&Snfvsm;bl;? bkef;tm;½kef;tm;? ypönf;rsm;vnf;? ÓPfom;r&Sd? tmumwdESihf? owduif;y? xdkAmvwkdY? cPrMum? ysufzdkYom&Sifh/ (tydk'f 223) (10) wPSmvrf;oGm;? c&D;rSm;vQif? &d&Sm;yef;yif? uEÅmjyif0,f? rjrifa&SUaemuf? tmacgifajcmufvsuf? aomufavaomufav? iwfrajyom;? qm;a&wrQ? ewfumrvnf;? r0EkdifpGm? wqmqmwnfh? yg,f&GmodkYcsnf;? arhausmhusnf;\/ (tydk'f 223) (11) r&Sdynm? þvlY&Gmü? usrf;pmeDwd? wwfrodu? rsufpdpHkuef;? vljzpfqef;rQ?

aygufyef;yrm? rSwfwdkY&m\/ (tydk'f 230) (12) umra&m*g? udk,fwGif;emum;? uk&mewd¬? aq;r&Sdbl;? rdrdynm? owdomvQif? r[mMoo"? aq;rnfpG&Sifh/ (tydk'f 233) (13) ighjrif; igpD;? igYxD;? igaqmif;? igYausmif;igxdkif? b,folqdkif[k? udk,fydkifvdkYpdk;? rmerdk;í? aMumif;usKd;rod? jyKrdjyK&m? rtyfpGmwnfh? (tydk'f 234) (14) vlYcGifXme? þavmuü? &m*ESihfwl? usKdufusKdufqlonf? rD;ylr&Sd? rcsdpdwfu? a`rGES,fxí? a'goESihfwl? ysufjcif;[lonf? ysufolr&Sd/ (tydkuf 234) (15) avmuDyk*¾dKvf? vlxdkxdkum;? rvdkrvS? vdkvQifvS&Sifh/ (tydk'f-235) (16) ESdyfpufuvl? jyKvdkoltm;? ysLysLiSmiSm? acsiHpGmvQif? om,maysmif;ys? BudK;aMumif;jyí? c,çxdkxdk? ajymygqdkvnf;? ajymqdkorQ? tjypfuszdkY? jzpf&onfcsnf;[lownf;&Sihf/ (tydk'f 235) (17) y@dwum;? ol,kwfrmudk? b,fcgaomfrS? rwkywnhf? t"r®[lbd? *wdav;yg;? vdkufwHkjim;í? rw&m;rI? wpfckckudk? jyK&rnfom? vlormwdkY?


DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES

15

"r®0D&onf t&G,foHk;yg; &[ef;&Sifvltm;vHk;twGuf jzpfonf/ cE¨mysufa&;? axmif'Pfab;xuf? aMumufat;ukefpG? rjyKMuwnhf/ (tydk'f 236) (18) toufwpfck? udk,fwpfrIaMumihf? A[kowå0g? rcsrf;omatmif? ynmr½I? a&;rjyKvihf/ (tydk'f 236) (19) wrmacG;awmuf? jrpfa&Smufa&m,Suf? wlaESmzufí? o&ufcsKdjr? AE¨&vnf;? uG,fytNyD;? tcg;oD;\/ (tydk'f 237) (20) opömazmufvSef? rawmfrSefu? ab;'Pfa&mufum? ysufwwfpGm\? opömEIwfoD;? rEÅmefBuD;um;? aoNyD;aomfrS? &Sifjyef&\/ (tydk'f 240) (21) vlYbHkXme? þavmuü? budkvusfm? rdrSmvuf0J? tNrJaqmif&Guf? ycHk;xufodkY? wifvsufvkyfauR;? rjywfarG;vnf;? aus;Zl;*kPfpdkif? rukefEkdifbl;/ (tydk'f 244) (22) &m*rdkufvTrf;? vlwdkYwrf;um;? csD;rGrf;qdku? ESpfoufMu&Sihf? vSy½kyfoGif? tqif;jyifvnf;? cHkrifrqdkif;? jrifwdkif;awGU&m? BudKufwwfpGm\? Opöm"e? abm*tvdk? &rnfqdkvnf;? yk*¾dKvft*Fg? vu©PmESihf? ,kwåm ,kwdå? &Sdr&Sdudk? rnd§rq? ,HkvG,fMuvsuf? arm[wdkufum? rdkufwwfpGm\/ (tydkuf 248) (23) pdwf[krnfjim;? þwpfyg;rQ? w&m;udk,fMuyf? apmihfpnf;uGyfu? vlY&yfewf&Gm? jA[®medAÁmef? a&mufaMumif;rSef\/ (tydk'f 252) (24) vlrdkufwpfaomif;? csD;rGrf;a&Smif;vnf;? vlaumif;wpfa,muf? jypfwifaMumufavmh/ (tydk'f 261)

(25) rdef;ryg;pyf? t&yfpum;? rrSefrsm;\? Mum;wdkif;r,l? a&;rrlESihf? rnfolrqdk? [kwfwdkif;udkvQif? ajymvdkwwfcJ? tNrJrSwfbd? vlYxHk;odavmh/ (tydk'f 262) (26) w&m;rBudKuf? 'kp½dkufESihf? olrdkufwdkYudk? rvdka0;pGm? MuOfa&Smif&m\/ (tydk'f 262) (27) rdbpum;? em;axmifjim;u? oHjym;ausmufapmif;? BudKaomfaysmif;[k? olaumif;a&S;vGef? qdkrdefYñTef\/ (tydk'f 262) (28) þavmuü? rdbudkyif? OpömjrifrS? cifrifjrwfav;? om;wdkYarG;\? yJa&G;r&Sd? brdwdkYtm;?

orD;om;vnf; xHyg;eD;&yf? ruyfvdkvQif? a&SmifMuuGif;\/ (tydk'f 267) (29) avmuüwGif? ysm;ESihf,ifudk? rsufjrifyHkxm;? armif½Ipm;avmh? ysm;um;tHkjyK? t&nfpkí? xm;rIvdrfrm? aemifcsrf;om\/ ,ifrSmaomfwHk? 0rf;0½HkrQ? tHkumaomufpm;? pkrxm;í? &Smjim;rjywf? r&iwf\/ (tydk'f 267) (30) a[mif;yifa[mif;vnf;? raumif;aomfu pGefYy,f&\? aemufrSay:vpf? opfyifopfvnf;? tjypfuif;bd? tusKd;&Sdu? y@dwum;? ry,f&mbl;/ (tydk'f 277)

pmrsuf E S m 13 rS ]]tarmif}} aemufausmbufrS toH Mum;ojzihf olYaemufudk vSnhfMunhfvkdufonf/ ol tHhMooGm;\/ olawGUvkduf&onfu olwdkY jynh&f iS f bk&ifrif;jrwfBu;D ESifh qif? jrif;? y&dowf AdkvfygwpfpkwdkYjzpf\/ olvuftkyfcsDí OD;ñGwf vkdufonf/ bk&ifBuD;u olonf ppfwkdufNyD; Edik í f jyefvmaomaMumihf atmifEikd o f jl zpfw,f/ oifu bmudkatmifEdkifí atmifNyD[k oHk;Budrf us,af vmifpmG atmf&aMumif;ar;avonf/ ol onf bk&ifBu;D udk jrifaomfvnf; aMumuf&UHG jcif; rjzpfrad y/ xkaYd Mumihf &J0phH mG jyefajzvku d af v\/ rS e f v S y gt&S i f r if ; BuD ; ? t&S i f r if ; BuD ; &J U atmif E d k i f jcif ; um; cE¨ m ud k , f & J U jyif y rS &efudkatmifEdkifjcif; jzpfygw,f/ uRefawmf rsd K ;&J U atmif E d k i f j cif ; uawmh cE¨ m ud k , f & J U twG i f ; &ef u d k atmif E d k i f j cif ; jzpf y gw,f / jyif y &ef u d k atmif E d k i f j cif ; onf wzef jyef N yD ; awmh us½I H ; wwf y gw,f / twG i f ; &ef o l u d k atmif E d k i f w J h o l u awmh wpf z ef jyef N yD ; awmh r½I H ; wwf y gbl ; / xd k Y a Mumif h t&S i f r if ; BuD ; &J U atmif E d k i f j cif ; xuf uRef a wmf r sd K ;&J U atmif E d k i f j cif ; u yd k í jrwf y gw,f / rif ; BuD ; onf tH h M oaom rsuf E S m awmf j zih f em;axmif a e\/ ol o nf rif;BuD;tm; aygufwl;ESihfr,m;aMumihf vlxGuf

vkduf? &[ef;0wfvkduf ajcmufBudrfwdkifatmif jzpf&yHk? ,cktcg aygufwl;ESihfr,m;udk tNyD; tydkifpGefYvTwfí &[ef;jyKawmhrnfjzpfaMumif; wdu Yk kd avQmufwifNy;D rif;Bu;D udk t½dt k aojyKum ol\ajcvSr;f awGukd aZw0efausmif;awmfqo D Ykd OD;wnfvkdufavawmh\/ olonf aZw0eft&dyfudk ckepfBudrf ajrmuf cdkvIHawmhrnf/ ,ciftcgawGuvdk pm;0wfaea&;aMumifhr[kwf? ,HkMunfcsufjzihf ouFef;0wfawmhrnfjzpf\/ olawmfaumif;wdkY aexdkif&m aZw0efonf a&SUü olYudk BudKqdkae rnfjzpfonf/ aZw0efonf ol\rdbozG,f vnf;jzpfonf/ rdb[lonf om;rkduforD;rdkuf udk rjiLplbJ tNrw J rf;&ifziG Bhf uKd qo kd vdk aZw0ef onfvnf; xdt Yk wlyifjzpf\/ aemufrqkwaf om ajcvSr;f wdjYk zihf aZw0eft&dyu f kd ckepfBurd af jrmuf cdkvHIvkdufNyDjzpf\/ pm<uif ; (ol & [ef ; jzpf N yD ; aemuf wqih f j yef M um;&onf u m; ol e J Y a wG U cJ h a om bk&ifBuD;onf olY&JUw&m;udkemNyD; y&dowfESihf wuG &[ef;abmifodkY tNyD;wkdif wufoGm;NyD wnf;[lí jzpfyg\/) ("r®y'? pdw0å *f? pdw[ å w¬rax&f twdw+f ypöK yÜef0w¬Kudk a&;zGJUonf/)

Munf v G i f ñT e f ; - r[mok w um&D ? rCa'0vuF m opf

t&S i f * k P ao| (pwk b k r ® d u )


DHAMMA TALKS

16

"r®0D&onf pdwfzdpD;rI uif;a0;aponf/ jzpfxGef;a&;ü twm;tqD;rsm; uif;&Sif;oGm;NyD [k rSwf,lEdkifayonf/ vlrkdufESifhyif? oifaygif;vQif? toif rku d rf nfom? vlrdkufcHorQ? oifcH&? nDrQtjypfrSm/ av;td r f p k t&S i f 0 d p d w å o m& twG i f ; pd w f , k w f ? jyif r d w f , k w f ? epfjrKyf qif;&J&m/ csrf ; omvd k v m;? pd w f a umif ; xm;? r*F v mw&m;awmf t"d y Ü m ,f t usOf ; a&S m if & S m ;pd wf,kwfrm/ BuD ; yG m ;csrf ; omvd k o l w d k i f ; rS m &S d & rnh f -r*F v mh t jrLaw/ yxrt&nf t csif ;

b0vrf;ñTef 38- jzm r*Fvmrdwfquf

(1) tao0emp AmvmeH vlrdkufwdkYudk raygif;oif; rqnf; uyf j cif ; / vlrdkufac: tusihfpm&dwåysufpD;ol r*F v med ' gef ; (u) rsm;udk a&SmifMuOfjcif;onf Bu;D yGm;csr;f omvdo k l ouf&G,fEke,f nDarmifr,f? wkid ;f rSm trSew f u,f&x dS m;&rnhf t&nftcsi;f r*FvmtaMumif; ajymjyr,f/ aumif;wpfck (= r*Fvmwpfyg;) jzpfonf/ [dk;a&S;cg0,f ewfvlrsm;? vlru kd o f nf ig;ydyyk Ef iS w fh \ l / ig;ydyyk f r*FvmtaMumif; BuHpOf;pm;/ onf olu, kd w f ikd v f nf; ykyaf pmfe\ H / olEiS x fh pd yf aumif;aom jrifç Mum;ç awGUxd[m? aomt&mrsm;udkvn;f eHapmfap\/ xdkYtwl r*FvmyJ[k ,lqum/ vlru kd af c: tusirfh aumif;olonf olu, kd w f idk f oHk;pkuGJum 12- ESpftxd? vnf; raumif;wmBu?H rrSew f mvky?f r[kww f m rajz&Sif;Edkif jiif;ckef\/ ajymí olEiS afh ygif;oif;oluv kd nf; raumif;wm jiif;ckefaeonhf xdktcg? BuHpnfap\/rrSefwmjyKvkyfap\/ r[kwfwm jrwfpGmbk&m; yGihfxGef;vm/ ajymap\/ xko d jYkd zpfapEdik o f nhf tzsupf rG ;f tif yGihfxGef;um om0w¬d? onf vlrkdufrSm&Sd\/ vlrkdufonf raumif; aZw0efausmif;ü pHaysmf\/ owif; tykyfeHYxGufouJhokdY olESihfaygif;azmf (c) ,SOfwGJaeoludkvnf; raumif;owif; tykyfeHY pHaysmfaeonhf oef;acgifcg? xGufap\/ ewfom;wpfa,muf csOf;uyfvm/ Oyrm- ½dk;om;aom armifjzLonf csOf;uyfNyD;um r*Fvmw&m;? rdkuf½dkif;aomarmifrJESihf wyl;wGJwGJ oGm;vmae ppfrSefa[mzdkY avQmufyefMum;/ xdkifonfqdkygpdkY/ armifrJu 'kp½dkufrIvGefusL; avQmufyefMum;vdkY jrwfAk'¨g? onhftcg armifjzLrygaomfrS vlrsm;\ txif avmutusdK; arQmfudk;um/ rSm;cH&rnf? raumif;ajymcH&rnf?f raumif;owif; tao0em tp&Sd? xGufrnfjzpf\/ þonfrSm vlrdkufESihfaygif;o r*Fvmtppfudk a[mMum;\/ jzihf &&Sdaom tayhgqHk;tjypfjzpf\/ vlrdkufESihf a[mMum;cJhonhf r*Fvm? aygif;rdojzihf &&Sad omqd;k usKd ;rSm ]]ajymrqd;k aygif nDarmifr,fwdkY vG,fulpGm/ awmoHk;awmif}} [k qdk&ravmufjzpf\/ odMuzdkY&m ajymr,fy? oifonf rdrdESifhaygif;oif;aeolrsm;ç aoaocsmcsm em;axmifMu/ aygif;oif;rnfholrsm;udk ]]vlqdk;vm;? vlaumif; v;? tusihfaumif;olvm;? raumif;olvm;}} (1) tao0emp AmvmeH ponfjzihf pdppfyg/ rdrdu rpdppfEdkifvQif pdppf tusih f p m&d w å raumif ; ol r sm;ud k Edik o f l q&morm; vlBu;D olrrsm;ESifh ywf0ef;usif a&S m if y g/ &Sd yk*¾dKvfrsm;xH ar;jref;pHkprf;yg/ tu,f í oif o nf vl r d k u f a c: . (1) Asevana- ca ba-la-nam tusihfysufolrsm;udk a&Smif&Sm;EdkifrnfqdkvQif Avoid who have bad character oihyf nma&;? pD;yGm;a&;? ukov kd af &;rsm; wd;k wuf

uav;wdkYa&... vl r d k u f q d k w m ]]raumif ; wmBuH ? rrSefwmvkyf? r[kwfwmajymNyD;? taumif; eJYtqdk;udk cGJjcm;rodol}} ayhguG,f/ vGefcJhwJh ESpfaygif; 2500 ausmf? bk&m;&Sifvufxufu ayhguG,f/ tZmwowfvdkYac:wJh rif;om;av; wpfyg;[m emrnfausmMf um;vlBuKd urf sm;csiw f ?hJ tvdkqdk;&SdwJh a'0'wfac:wJh &[ef;wpfyg;udk q&mwifrdwJhtwGuf udk,hftazudk udk,fjyef owfro d wJu h , G /f a'0'wf&[ef;[m bk&m;vkyfcsifwJh twGuf bk&m;&Sifudk tBudrfBudrfvkyfBuHcJhwJhol yg/ ol[m vmbfvmbaygrsm;csifawmh bk&if jzpfzdkY tvm;tvm&SdwJh tZmwowfrif;om; av;udk wefc;kd jyNy;D pnf;½H;k cJw h ,f/ tZmwowf rif;om;uvnf; e*dkuwnf;u bk&ifvkyfcsif? ajr§mufay;wJholuvnf;&Sdawmh udk,hftaz jzpfwhJ Adro dÁ m&rif;Bu;D udk axmifoiG ;f tusO;f cs? ajcz0g; "m;cGJ owfrdcJhw,f/ 'Djzpf&yfu bmajymovJq&kd if wefc;kd jyEdkifayr,hf pdwfaumif;r&SdwJholeJYaygif;rd&if? q&mwifrSm;&if 'ku©a&mufwwfw,fqdkwmyJ/ 'gaMumifrh Ykd uav;wdv Yk nf; taygif;toif;rrSm; atmif? q&mwifrrSm;atmif owdxm;Mu&r,f aemf/ (1) r*Fvm? r*Fvm? 38 jzm r*Fvm/ a&S;OD;pGm a[mñTefMum;? Amvmao0e w&m;/ vlrkdufrsm;ESihf aygif;oif;vQif? qkwf,kwfysufpD;oGm;rnfyif? a&S;ubk&if tZmwowf? a'0'wfaygif;vkdY ysufpD;&/ 'ghaMumihf nDr nDav;i,f? vlrdkufrsm;udk a&Smif&Sm;uG,f/ vlrdkufrsm;udk a&Smif&Sm;rS? vrf;rSefvrf;aumif; a&mufr,fy/


DHAMMA DEW "r®0D&onf csrf;ajrhaysmf&TifrItwGuf jzpfap&onf/

17

r*FvmESpfqef;wpf&uf cifvSjrwfaxG;

vGeaf vNy;D aom ESpaf xmifaygif;rsm;pGmu tD*spv f rl sK;d wdYk pwif cJhaom ESpfqef;wpf&ufaeYonf Edkif;jrpfa&vQHonfh ZGefvv,frS aeYwpfaeYjzpfonf/ a&mrES p f q ef ; wpf & uf a&S;acwfa[mif;a&mrvlrsK;d wdu Yk rwfv (1) &ufaeYukd ESpq f ef; wpf&ufaeY[k owfrw S cf MhJ uonf/ *sLvD,ufqZD mvufxufa&mufaom tcg aetdrfwHcg;aygufrsm;ESihf? tpESihftqHk;udk tpdk;&aom a*seyfewf rif;tm; *kPfjyKaomtm;jzihf ¤if;ewfrif;udk tpGJjyKrnfhac:xm;aom ZEé0g&Dv (1) &ufaeYudk ESpfqef;wpf&ufaeYtjzpf *sLvD,ufqDZmu owfrw S v f u kd af vonf/ t*F v ef E S p f q ef ; &uf t*FvefjynfwiG rf l a&mrwd0Yk ifa&mufrodr;f ydu k rf u D 'DZifbmv (25) &ufaeYudk ESpfqef;wpf&ufaeYtjzpf owfrSwfcJhMuonf/ a&mrwdkY t*Fvefjynfudk 0ifa&mufodrf;ydkufNyD;aemufwGif a&mrenf;wl ZEé0g&Dv (1) &ufaeYudk ESpfqef;wpf&yfaeYtjzpf ajymif;vJ owfrSwfvdkufonf/ *,f & D * d k & D E S p f q ef ; wpf & uf a eY tv,facwfavmufu c&pf,meft,l0g'DwdkY\ ESpfqef;wpf &ufaeYonf rwfv(25)&ufaeYjzpfonf/ 1582 ckESpfwGif *,f&D*dk&D jyu©'defudk a&mruufodkvpf*dkPf;0ifwdkY vufcHtoHk;jyKcsdefrSpí ZEé0g&D v(1) &ufaeYudk ESpfqef;wpf&ufaeYtjzpf owfrSwfvdkufMuonf/ ,ck tcsdefwGif ZEé0g&Dv (1) &ufaeYonf urÇmhESpfqef; wpf&ufaeYjzpfav Ny/D xd k i f ; ES p f q ef ; wpf & uf xdkif;EkdifiHürl ESpfqef;wpf&ufaeYudk trsKd;rsKd;wGufcJhMuonf/ ,if;uGJjym;jcm;em;csufrsm;teufrS a&S;,dk;',m;(xdkif;)ESpf\ av;vESihf ig;vwdkYtul;wGif qif,ifusif;yaomyGJum; jynfolwdkY\ ESpfopful;yGJ jzpfonf/ ,if;vtwGif;&Sd vuG,faeY? vqef;(1) &ufaeY? vqef; (2) &ufaeYwdkYteuf rnfonfhaeY&ufü ESpfopful;&ef tcgawmf usa&muf onfudk ykPÖm;[l;&m;wdkYu eu©wåaA'ifenf;t& wGufcsufí ESpfqef; wpf&ufaeYudk owfrSwfay;onf/ td E d ´ , ES p f q ef ; &uf r sm; tdEd´,EdkifiHürl ouf0if,HkMunfMuaom bmomt,l0g' tvdu k Ef iS fh aexdik Mf uaom a'o"avhtvdu k f ESpq f ef;csed u f jJG ym;Muonf/ Aa*Fgjynfe,fESihf tmoHjynfe,fwdkYwGif {NyDvü ESpfqef;onf/ zm&pD vlrsKd;wdkY\ ESpfopful;csdefonf pufwifbmv (5)&ufaeYjzpfí? [dE´L t,l0g'DtcsKdUwdkY\ ESpful;csdefonf Ekd0ifbmvwGif usa&mufí 'Dyg0vD (a'0gvD) rD;xGef;yGJawmf[kac:Muonf/ tcsKdU [dE´LwdkYu [dE´Ljyu©'def q,fhwpfvajrmufjzpfaom zm*Gef;vwGif ESpfopful;yGJ usif;yavh&SdMu onf/ ,if;udk [lvDyGJ[kac:Muonf/ w½k w f E S p f o pf u l ; yG J w½kwfvlrsKd;wdkY\ ESpfopful;yGJrSm azazmf0g&DvtwGif;ü

usa&mufwwfonf/ jref r mES p f q ef ; wpf & uf a eY jrefrmwdkY\ ESpfqef;wpf&ufaeYonf {NyD(16)&uf odkYr[kwf (17) &ufaeYww Ydk iG f usa&mufwwfonf/ jrefrmEkid if t H pd;k & jyu©'ed af wmf quftzGJUu rnfonfhaeY rnfonhftcsdefwGif ESpfopfqef;rnfudk wGufcsufowfrSwf&onf/ vlrsKd;wpfrsKd;ESihfwpfrsKd; ESpfqef;csdefrwlMuouJhodkY ESpfqef;yGJ usif;yMuyHkcsif;vnf; rwlMuay/ jrefrmwdkY\ ESpfopful;yGJudk oBuFef[k ac:onf/ ESpaf [mif;rS ESpo f pfoYkd ul;ajymif;onf[al om teuft"dygÜ ,f &onf/ ESpfopfudk BudKqdkaom oabmjzihf? jrefrmwdkYonf wpfOD;ESifh wpfOD; a&pifoGef;avmif;yufzsef;upm;Muonf/ vmrnfhESpfopfwGif ESpfa[mif;rStnpftaMu; ab;b,rsm;uif;pifí Munfvifat;jr &Tiv f ef;Muap&ef &nfoefonfo h abmjzpfonf/ vlBu;D rdbq&morm;wdYk tm; ylaZmfuefawmhjcif;? tdrfwGif; tdrfjyif tnpftaMu; trdIufo½dkuf rsm;udk &Si;f vif;jcif;? OD;acgif;aq;avQmjf cif;? apwDyx k ;kd bk&m;ausmif;uef rsm;odkY xGufí OykofoDwif;aqmufwnfum tvSL'gejyKMujcif;? bk&m; ykxdk;½kyfyGm;awmfrsm;tm; a&pifa&at;oyÜg,fjcif;rsm; jyKvkyfMuonf/ ,if;ESpq f ef;wpf&ufaeYwiG f &&So d nfah iGaMu;wdu Yk kd trSww f & odr;f qnf; xm;jcif;? aiGukefaMu;usrrsm;atmif xdef;odrf;jcif;rsm; jyKonfh "avh onf jrefrmwdkY\ ½dk;&mtpOftvm ,Ofaus;rI"avhjzpfonf/ wd k i f ; &if ; om;wd k Y \ ES p f o pf u l ; yG J a wmf r sm; jrefrmEkdifiHawmfwGif jrefrmwdkY\ ESpful;obif oBuFeftcg awmfom&Sdonfr[kwf? u&ifESpfopful;yGJ? csif;ESpful;yGJ? u,m;ESpful;yGJ ponfjzihf wdik ;f &if;om;rsm;\ vlrsK;d tvdu k f ESpo f pfu;l yGrJ sm;vnf; toD; oD;&SdMuonf/ u&if v l r sKd ; wd k Y \ ES p f q ef ; wpf & uf a eY u&ifvlrsKd;wdkY\ ESpfqef;wpf&ufaeYonf jymodkvqef; (1) &ufaeYwGif usa&mufonf/ xdkaeYwGif u&ifvlrsKd;wdkYonf awmif,myJ cif; v,fxu G yf pön;f rsm;udk ,laqmifum oufBu;D &G,t f kd vlBu;D olrrsm; tm; uefawmhMuonf/ aqGrsK;d nDtpfukd armifErS rdwaf qGo*F[rsm;ESifh pk½Hk;pm;aomufMuonf/ xdkaeYwGifyif 0rf;pmpyg; odkavSmifjcif;? ESpfa[mif;rS uG,fvGefMuolrsm;\ oN*ØK[fNyD; t½dk;jymrsm;udk avxJwGif BuJvGihfazsmufzsufMuavonf/ u,m;wd k Y \ ES p f o pf u l ; uvl r *F v myG J u,m;vlrsKd;wdkY\ ESpfqef;wpf&ufaeYtjzpf 1951 ckESpfrSpí {NyDv (26) &ufaeYudk owfrSwfcJhMuonf/ a&S;tcgu ESpfulyGJudk ESpfpOf usif;yNrJjzpfaomfvnf; aeY&uftwdtus uefYowfjy|mef;xm;jcif; r&Sd ay/ jynfe,ftwGif;üyif wpfNrdKUESihf wpfNrdKU wpfa'oESihf wpfa'o yGJawmfusif;y&ufjcif; rwlMuay/ u,m;wdkY\ ESpfopful;yGJudk uvl r*FvmyGJ[kac:onf/ ½dk;&m,Ofaus;rItpOftvmtwdkif; zm;pnfwD;NyD; uckefjcif;? tdrfopfwufjcif;ponfwdkYudk jyKvkyfMuavonf/


DHAMMA DEW

18

"r®0D&onf vlom;rsKd;EG,fquftwGuf jzpfonf/

csif ; wd k Y \ ES p f o pf u l ; cG r f o myG J csif;trsKd;om;wdkY\ ESpfqef;wpf&ufaeYum; atmufwdkbmv ukefcefYü usif;yavh&Sdonf/ ,if;csif;ESpfopful;yGJawmfudk ]cGrfomyGJ} [k ac:Muonf/ w½k w f E S p f u l ; yG J w½kwv f rl sK;d wdo Yk nfEpS o f pfrul;rD tcsed u f yif jrefrmrsm; enf; wl trdu I o f ½du k t f npftaMu;rsm; &Si;f vif;aq;aMumjcif;rsm;jyKMuonfh tjyif ESpaf [mif;rS wif&o dS rQaom a<u;NrrD sm;udk ukepf ifatmif ay;qyf &Sif;vif;wwfMuonf/ ESpfqef;wpf&ufaeYwGif wHjrufvSJjcif;? t0wfavQmfjcif;? rjyK vkyMf uay/ vmbfww d o f nf[k t,l&adS omaMumihjf zpfonf/ rD;td;k ? rD;yef;? rD;½SL;rsm;ypfazmufjcif;? tpm;taomufrsm; auR;arG;jcif;? ESpfa[mif; vGefí ESpfopf\ yxraeYta&mufwGif tqdktwD; tutckefwdkYjzihf BudKqdkjcif;/ e,m;tu? jcaoFhtu? e*g;tuwdkYjzihf vSnhfvnfujyjcif; wdkYudk r*Fvm,lvsufjyKvkyfMuonf/ *syef ½ d k ; &mES p f u l ; yG J a wmf *syefvlrsKd;wdkY\ ESpful;yGJawmfaeYwGif tdrf0if;wHcg;aygufrsm; ü xif;½SL;cufrsm;? 0g;&Gufrsm;jzihf wefqmqifum? aetdrfwHcg;rBuD;rsm; ü ykZGefxkyfrsm;? ueef;aumifrsm;? MuufaoG;a&mif&Sdaom opfoD;cdkifrsm; udk csdwfqGJxm;avh&Sdonf/ ESpfrsm;ESihf oufqdkifaom ewfrif;BuD;tm; vmrnfhESpfopfwGif rpapmihfa&Smuf&ef ylaZmfyorIjyKaom yGJawmfBuD; jzpfonf/ ESpfrul;ajymif;rD ESpfa[mif;\ aemufqHk;tcsdefjzpfaom nOfh 12 em&Dxdk;onftxd pum;wajymajymESihfESpfopfudkxdkifí apmihfMu& onf/ ESpfopful;csdefa&mufonfESihf bk&m;&Sdcdk;ausmif;rS acgif;avmif; rsm; (108)Budrfxdk;í (108)rsKd;aom raumif;qdk;0g;rsm; vGihfpifap&ef qkawmif;Mu&onf/ aumufn§if;jzihf jyKvkyfaom trsKd;om;udk,fykdif tm[m& ]armfcsD;} rkefYrsm;jyKvkyfa0iSMuonf/ vuf a qmif y PÖ m rsm;ay;onf h a&mrES p f u l k ; aeY a&mrvlrsK;d rsm;onf ESpo f pfu;l onfeh eH ufwiG f MuufO;D wGeo f nf ESihf wNydKifeuf tvStyrsm;jzihf wefqmqifjyifqifxm;NyD;jzpfaom aetdrfwHcg;rsm;udk zGihfum a&S;OD;qHk;r*FvmEIwfcGef;qufpum;ajymMu onf/ ¤if;wd\ Yk ESpu f ;l yGu J kd ckepf&ufwikd w f ikd f usi;f yMuonf/ a&mracwf aumif;pOfuqdkvQif {u&mZfbk&iftm; vufaqmifyPÖmrsm; qufMu onf/ yxraomf cifrifav;pm;onfhtaejzihf tkef;&Gufxef;&Gufrsm;udk qufoMuonf/ aemifwGif tcGihfta&;&vdkolwdkYu tzdk;xdkuf tzdk;wef vuf0wfwefqm ypönf;rsm;jzihf qufocJhMuonf/ a&mrom;wdkYonf þESpfopful;aeYwGif vufaqmifyPÖmrsm;ay;urf;Muonfh "avhudk pwifcJhMuolrsm;jzpfonf/ ES p f o pf u l ; qk r G e f u yf j ym;ay;yd k Y o nf h t*F v ef " avh t*Fvefjynfudk a&mrwdkYodrf;ydkufcJhzl;ojzihf t*FvdyfwdkY\ ESpfopful;yGJ"avhwGif a&mrESpful;yGJxHk;wrf;rsm; a&mpGufvmcJh&onf/ {u&mZfrif;tm; ESpfopful;vufaqmiftjzpf pdefa&T&wemrGrf;rHpDjc,f xm;aom vuftw d u f kd qufoMuonf/ ESpo f pfu;l qkawmif;yGrJ sm; jyKvyk f í tcsi;f csi;f vufaqmifypön;f ay;urf;Mujcif;? ESpOf ;D qkreG u f wfjym;rsm; ay;ydkYjcif;rsm;jyKvkyfMuonf/ aps;oH k ; tao;oH k ; aiG t p Pin-Money u ES p f o pf u l ; aeY w G i f t*F v d y f v l r sKd ; vif a ,musf m ;jzpf o l u tdrf&SifrZeD;onftm; wpfESpfvHk;oHk;&eftwGuf yiftyf(wG,ftyf) rsm;

vHkavmufpGm0,f,lxm;&ef aiGxkwfay;aom "avhwpfck a&S;tcgu &Scd zhJ ;l onf/ xdo k Ykd oH;k pG&J ef xkwaf y;aom aiGukd yiftyfaiG (Pin- Money) [kac:onf/ odkYaomf xdk"avhonf 1800 jynhfESpfavmuf wGif uG,faysmufoGm;cJhonf/ tb,faMumihfqdkaomf t*Fvefjynfonf 1800 jynhfESpfrsm; wGif pufrIxGef;um;onfhEkdifiHjzpfvmcJhojzihf yiftyfrsm; &Sm;yg;rIr&Sd awmhaomaMumifhjzpfonf/ odkY&mwGif ,ckxufwdkifatmif aps;oHk; tao;oHk;aiGudk ]yiftyf-aiG} (Pin-Money) [kac:a0:vsuf&Sdonf/ t*FvdyfvlrsKd;wdkY\ tjcm;ESpfopful; xHk;wrf;"avhwpfckrSm wpfESpfwmumvywfvHk; jyKcJhorQ raumif;rIrsm;udk y,fazsmufypfonfh oabmjzihf ausmufoifykef;rsm;udk aq;aMumMuonf/ ESpful;vuf aqmiftjzpf 0ufopfcsyifrS&aom usnf;aygif;taqmif odkYr[kwf vufzGJrsm; ay;onfh tavhvnf;&SdMuonf/ qvmAf f w d k Y \ ES p f q ef ; csd e f qk a wmif ; Oa&mywdkuftv,fydkif;wGif aexdkifMuaom qvAfvlrsKd;wdkY\ ESpfopful;"avhum; wpfrsKd;jzpfonf/ ¤if;wdkYwGif a&S;tcgu jyu©'def ESpf[lí r&Sdacs/ oD;ESHpdkufysKd;&aom umvwpfywfvnfaomtcgwGif ESpful;csdefa&mufonf[k oabmxm;Muonf/ oD;ESHzGHUNzdK;a&;onf ¤if;vlrsKd;wdkY\ ESpfqef;csdefqkawmif;jzpfonf/ ,if;qvAfrsKd;EG,f0if ½k&SvlrsKd;wdkYonf ESpfrqef;rDnwGif wpfOD;ESihfwpfOD; ]ESpfopfü aysmf&Tifcsrf;ajrUMuygap} [kqdkum qkawmif; EIwq f ufMuonf/ Zmbk&ifrsm;vufxufu ½k&mS ;Ekid if w H iG f pufwifbmv (1)&ufaeYwGif bk&ifESihf rSL;rwfrsm;onf u&ifrvifeef;awmf\ O,smOf odkYxGufum ESpfopfudk BudKqdkMuonf/ xdktcsdefu ½k&Sm;wdkY\ ESpfqef; wpf&ufaeYonf rwfv(1) &ufaeYjzpfojzihf c&pf 1505 ckESpfwGif pufwifbmv (1) &ufaeYudk wpfckwnf;aom ESpfqef; wpf&ufaeY tjzpf owfrSwfvdkufMuonf/ odkY&mwGif 1699 ckESpf yDwmbk&ifBuD; vufxufwGif ZEé0g&Dv(1)&ufaeYudk ESpfqef; wpf&ufaeY tjzpf owfrw S v f u kd af vonf/ aumif ; uif x uf r S bk & m;obif q if ; ouf v mjcif ; jrefrmwdkYu ESpfopful; oBuFefuscsdefü ewfjynfrS odMum;rif; vljY ynfoYkd qif;oufvmonf[k ,HMk unfMuouJo h Ykd a&S;acwf½&k mS ;? ydv k ef paom vlrsKd;wdkYuvnf; ESpfopful;umvwGif bk&m;ocifESihf wuG olawmfpifrsm;onf rk;d aumif;uifxufqrD S urÇmajrBu;D odYk qif;oufvm MuNyD; vlrsm;aexdkifusihfBuHaeMuyHkudk vma&mufMunhf½Ionf[k t,l&Sd Muavonf/ ESpfopful;yGJrsm;onf wpfausmif;wpf*gxm wpf&Gm wpfyk'f qef;yifjzpfMuaomfvnf; a,bk,stm;jzihfqdkvQif vlwdkif;vdkvdku ESpfopf ESpfqef;wpf&ufaeYudk usufoa&r*Fvmtaygif;ESifhjynhfpHkvdk aom qE´jzihf0rf;yef;wom BudKqdkMuonfcsnf;jzpfayonf/ pmudk;/ / (1) rHk&GmNrdKUta&SUv,fwDwdkuf y"meem,u q&mawmf bk&m;Bu;D b'´Eu Å @ k v(t*¾r[my@dw) jyKpak om r[mokw'DyeDusr;f 'kw, d yG/J (2) jrefrmhpG,fpHkusrf; twGJ(6) ]]r*FvmESpfqef; wpf&ufaeY tcgor,wGif csrf;omokc jynhf0Muygapaomf....}} cif v S j rwf a xG ; (td e f * s,f r d k ; ) a&T j ynf o m


DHAMMA DEW "r®0D&onf t&G,foHk;yg;vlom;tm;vHk;twGuf jzpfonf/

19

aorif;udkb,fvdk&ifqdkifrvJ ? t&SifawZ0EÅ (pvif;) a&TuHajr (aumhaomif;NrdKU? a0ae,sokc"®&dyfom)

(,cif t ywf r S t quf ) 3/ b,fvdk aorvJ rd r d w k d Y o nf aojcif ; (4)rsKd ; ü wpf r sKd ; rsKd ; aoMu&rnf / ao0&rnf u d k v nf ; od M uol a wG y g/ jrwf p G m bk & m;u "r® y 'rS m ]EGEGm;ausmif;om; wpfa,mufonf wkwf? ESifwHjzihf EGm;wdkYudk tpm 0ap&ef EG m ;pm;usuf o d k Y armif ; ES i f o uJ h o d k Y } } OyrmjyKxm; onf / rd r d r S m vnf ; cE¨ m &vmonf E S i h f ]]td k j cif ; ? emjcif ; ? aojcif ; wd k Y onf v nf ; rd r d \ touf c E¨ m ud k r&P pm;usuf o d k Y armif ; ES i f aywnf;}} [krdefYqdkonf/ rdrdwdkY&cJhaom vlYb0um; qif;&JvSacs\/ rdrdcE¨mudk,fBuD; ysu, f iG ;f í aorif;Ekid if o H Ykd oufqif;&jcif;onfvnf; qif;&JvaS cs\[k Ak'¨0ifrSm qdkxm;onf/ rdrdwdkYonf qif;&JvSaom aojcif;w&m;udk atmifEkdif&ef twGuf wpfenf;qd&k aomf aorif;udk &ifqikd Ef idk &f efrmS udavom &efol udk atmifzdkY&ef vfkdtyfygonf/ ]]udavom&efoludk ratmiforQ ywf v H k ; rd r d w d k Y o nf aorif ; &ef o l u d k ratmif E k d i f y g}} [k r[m Ak'¨0ifrSm rdefYcJhygw,f/ rdrdwdkY[m aeYpOfeJYtrQ udavom &efolawGudk rdwfaqG xifMurnfqv kd Qif taygif;toif;jyKvyk Mf urnfqv kd Qif aorif;udk &ifqikd f Ekdifaomi yk*¾dKvf b,fvdkrS jzpfrvmEkdifyg/ tb,faMumihfqdkaomf ]avmbeJYaoMuwJh yk*¾dKvf} ]]Nydwåm}} yg/ a'goudavomeJY aoMuwJh yk*¾dKvf ]i&J} yg/ arm[udavomeJY aoMuwJhyk*¾dKvf ]wd&pämef} jzpfrnf qdkawmh aorif;udk b,fvdk&ifqdkifEkdifrvJ/ rdrdudk,frdrd tajzxkwfí aorif;udk &ifqdkifMuyg/ 4/ aorif;udk pdefac:aom yk*¾dKvf ykxZk OfreS o f rQ rdrw d \ Ykd toufZ0D &Sio f efru I kd vdv k m;Muonf/ touf&SifoefrIudk vdkvm;MuonfESihftrQ aojcif;w&m;udk vGefpGm aMumuf&GHUxdwfvefYMuonf/ rdrw d o Ykd nfvnf; aojcif;[laom pum;udk rMum;vdyk g/ rawGU rjrifvdkyg/ rdrdudk,füuyif raumif;aom edrdwf? raumif;aomtwdwf? tr*Fvm[k qdkwwfMuonf/ vlom;wdik ;f owå0gwdik ;f onf Ak'\ ¨ rderYf mS csut f wdik ;f aojcif; w&m;udk aeYpOftrSwf&oihfygw,f/ auG;aomvuf rqefYrD? qefYaom vuf rauG;rD aojcif;w&m;um; tvGefvQifjrefonfudk owdrarhtyf zdkY vdkygw,f/

rdrdwdkYonf aojcif;w&m;udk awG;yifrawG;vdkyg/ pD;yGm;a&;? vlrIa&;? om;a&; orD;a&;avmufyif awG;Muonf/ rdrdwdkYrSm aeYpOfESihf trQ igYom;? igYorD;awGBuD;&if bmawGvkyfr,f? nmawGvkyfr,fqdkNyD; awG;vdkYyifaewwfMuonf/ bmaMumihfqkdaomf rdrdonf aojcif;w&m; udk arhaeaomaMumihfwnf;/ jrwfpGmbk&m;vufxufu aorif;udk pdefac:aom yk*¾dKvfrsm; ay:xGef;cJhonf/ t*FkwådK&f? r&Powdokwf rSmjzpfonf/ wpfaeYaom tcsdef jrwfpGmbk&m;u aojcif;w&m; yGm;rsm;aeaom &[ef; (8)yg;udk wpfyg;pDac:í ar;cJhygonf/ yxr&[ef ; u ]jrwf p G m bk & m;? wynh f a wmf \ aojcif ; w&m;onf wpf & uf t wG i f ; ao&vd r h f r nf [ k q if j cif r d y gonf } [kavQmufcJhonf/ 'kwd,&[ef;onf ]jrwfpGmbk&m;? wynhfawmf\ aojcif; w&m;onf wpf a eY t wG i f ; ao&vd r f h r nf [k qif j cif r d y gonf } [k avQmufcJhonf/ wwd,&[ef;u ]jrwfpGmbk&m;? wynhfawmf\ aojcif; w&m;onf aeY w pf 0 uf t wG i f ; rS m yif ao&vd r f h r nf [ k qif j cif rdygonf} [kavQmufcJhonf/ pwk w ¬ & [ef ; wpf y g;u ]wynh f a wmf \ aojcif ; w&m; onf qGrf;wpfBudrfpm;csdeftwGif;rSmyif ao&vdrfhrnf[k qifjcif rdygonf} [k avQmufcJhonf/ yÍör&[ef;wpfyg;u ]wynhfawmf\ aojcif;w&m;onf qGrf;av;? ig;vkwfpm;csdeftwGif;rSmyif ao&vdrhfrnf[k qifjcif rdygonf} [kavQmufcJhonf/ q|r&[ef;wpfyg;u ]wynhfawmf\ ao&jcif;onf qGrf; wpf v k w f p m;csd e f t wG i f ; rS m yif ao&vd r f h r nf [ k qif j cif r d y gonf } [k avQmufcJhygonf/ owår&[ef;wpfyg;u ]wynhfawmf\ aojcif;w&m;onf qG r f ; wpf v k w f wpf 0 uf p m;csd e f t wG i f ; rS m yif ao&vd r f h r nf [ k qifjcifrdygonf} [k avQmufcJhygonf/ t|r&[ef ; wpf y g;u ]wynh f a wmf \ ao&jcif ; onf 0ifavxGufavtwGif;rSmyif ao&vdrfhrnf[k} avQmufcJhygonf/ jrwfpGmbk&m;onf aorif;udk &ifqdkifaom &[ef; (8)yg;&JU pum;udkMum;aomtcg yxr&[ef;rS owår&[ef;&JU pum;awGudk uJh&JU pmrsuf E S m 24 ok d Y


THE 'LEDI' DHAMMA ON BODHIPAKKIYA DIPANI

20

"r®0D&onf tarGaumif;ay;Edkif&eftwGuf jzpfonf/

rHk&GmNrdK hr[mv,fwDwdkuf? u

aus;Zl;&Sif v,fwDq

a&;om;jyKpka

aAm"dyu

THE BODHIPAK O THE MANUAL OF THE FACTORS by Maha-thera Ledi- Saya-daw,

TRANSLATED into English by U Sein Nyo (,cif t ywf r S t quf ) 3/ owda`E´qdkonfum;- þaAm"dyu©d,t&mü xGufoufç 0ifoufpaom rdru d , kd t f *Fgü aumif;pGmwnfaxmifrad om um,*wm owdrpS í avmukw&å m or®mowd r*¾iw f ikd af tmif Bu;D yGm;íoGm;aom owdy|meac:aom bm0emowdudkqdkownf;/ (orm"da`E´ç ynda`E´wdkYudkvnf; xdkenf;wlqkdav/) xGufoufç 0ifouf tp&Sdaom owdy|meftm½Hkü pdwf\ rNidrfroufrIudk orm"da`E´onf y,fowf\/ pdwf\awGa0rIefarS;rIudk ynda`E´onf y,fowf\/ a&S;jzpfaom o'¨da`E´ç 0D&d,a`E´ç owda`E´ 3- yg;wdkYum;- orm"da`E´ç ynda`E´ 2- yg;wdkYudk txGwftjrwfodkYa&muf atmif rif;ajrm§ uform;wdaYk ywnf;/ um,*wmowdy|mefwnfaxmifrI í pdwfudktpdk;&aomtjzpfodkY a&mufMuaomtcg orxvrf;odkY vkdufcJh vQif orm"da`E´onf ormywf&Spfyg;jzpfvm\/ ynda`E´onf £'¨ d 0 d " tp&S d a om tbd n mOf 5-yg; jzpf v m\/ 0d y óemvrf ; od k Y v d k u f c J h v Qif orm"d a `E´ o nf ok n worm"d ç tedrdwåorm"dç tyÜPd[dworm"d 3- yg;jzpfvm\/ ynda`E´onf 'd|d0dok'¨d tp&Sdaom ynm0dok'¨d 5-yg;? tEk yóemÓPfoHk;yg;ç 0d y óemÓPf q ,f y g;ç r*f Ó Pf a v;yg;ç zd k v f Ó Pf av;yg;ç ypöa0u©PmÓPf 26-yg; jzpfvm\/ (þum;- £a`E´ 5-yg;wdkY\ wvHk;wpnf;wnf; jzpfMuyHkudk jyqdkcPf;wnf;/) vGefuJ&mXmetm;jzihf cGJa0íqdkrlum;o'¨ d a `E´ / / uw¬ o'¨d`E´d,H '|AÁH? pwlok aomwmywåd,a*Fok {w¬o'¨d `E´d,H '|AÁH/ (ygVd a wmf ) uw¬? tb,ft&mXmeü/ o'¨`d E, d´ ?H o'¨ad `Eu ´ /kd 0g o'¨ad `E\ ´ tpGr;f xl;ud?k '|AÁ?H ½Ityf rSwt f yfoenf;/ pwlok aomwmywå, d a*Fo?k aomwmywåd t*Fgav;yg;[k qdktyfukefaom/ {w¬? þt&mXmewdkYü?

Satindriya means, in the matter of the bodhipakkhiyadhamma- the setting up of ka-yagata-sati on parts of the body, such as on out-breath and in-breath, and the development of bha-vana-sati (called satipat.t.hha-na) until the attainment of lokuttara-samma--sati magga (Supramundane Right Mindfulness). Sama-dhindriya and Paññindriya may be defined similarly. Sama-dhindriya dispels the restlessness of the mind when it is applied in work of satipat.t.ha-na on an object, such as out-breath and in-breath; Paññindriya dispels confusion and haziness. Saddhindriya, viriyindriya, and satindriya, which precede sama-dhindriya and paññindriya, are like those who raise a king to kingship. They raise the latter until the topmost excellence is attained. After the setting up of ka-yagata--sati and the attainment of mastery over one's mind, if the samatha road be taken, sama-dhindriya becomes the eight sama-pattis, while paññindriya becomes the five abhiñña-s (Higher Spiritual 'Powers), such as iddhividha (Supernormal Powers); if the vipassana road is taken, sama-dhindriya becomes suññata- sama-dhi (Emptiness Concentration), animitta sama- dhi (Conditionless-Concentration), appanihitasama- dhi (Desireless-Concentration), and paññindriya becomes the five pañña--visuddhis beginning with ditthi-visuddhi, the three anupassana-ña-nas, the ten vipassana-ña-nas, the four magga-ña-nas, the four phala-ña-nas, and the nineteen paccavekkhana-ña-nas. This shows how the five indriyas occur together. It is now proposed to show where each of these indriyas forms predominant factors. Kattha saddhindriyam dat.t.habbam? Catu-su sota- pat. t. iyangesu ettha saddhindriyam dat.t.habbam (Where should one look for saddhindriya? One should look for it in the four constituents of sota-


THE 'LEDI' DHAMMA ON BODHIPAKKIYA DIPANI "r®0D&onf avmuom;tm;vkH;\ ta&;t&mjzpfonf/

21

usrf;jyKtausmf urÇmausmf

q&mawmfbk&m;BuD;

awmfrlaom

u©, d 'DyeD

KKHIYA DIPANI R S LEADING TO ENLIGHTENMENT y Aggamaha-pan.d.ita, D. Litt.

o Tun, Late of The Indian Civil Service. o'¨`d E, d´ ?H o'¨ad `Eu ´ /kd 0g? o'¨ga`E\ ´ tpGr;f xl;ud/k '|AÁ?H ½Ityfrw S t f yf\/ (teuf ) t"dyÜm,fum;- o'¨da`E´tpGrf;onf aomwmyw¬dt*Fgav;yg; t&mü vGefuJpGmxif&Sm;\[lvdk/ aomwmywådt*Fgav;yg; qdkonfum;1/ t&[Hç or®morÁK't ¨ p&Sad om bk&m;*kPüf rwkerf vIyo f uf 0ifí MunfndKjcif;wpfyg;/ 2/ oGmu©mwtp&Sdaom w&m;*kPfü rwkefrvIyfouf0ifí MunfndKjcif;wpfyg;/ 3/okyÜ#dyEétp&Sdaom oHCm*kPfü rwkefrvIyfouf0ifí MunfndKjcif;wpfyg;/ 4/ avmukwå&morm"dy'|mefjzpfaom oDv0dok'¨d*kPfESihf jynhfpHkjcif;wpfyg;/ þum;- aomwmywård *fÓPfoYkd {uefrck s ,ckb0a&mufap Edkifaom taqmuftOD t*Fgav;yg;wdkYwnf;/ ta0pö y om' ]]Aka'¨ ta0pöyoma'e orEém*awm}} tp&SdaomygVdawmfü ]]ta0pöyom'}} yk'fteufudk rwkefrvIyfouf0ifí MunfndKjcif;[kqdk onf/ bk&m;*kPfü Oypm&orm"dudk&aomol\ o'¨gaywnf;/ Oypm&orm"dqdkonfum; -]]£wdyd aom b*0g t&[H}} tp&Sdonfjzihf bk&m;*kPfudk MunfndKí aeqJtcgü psmeformywf ud0k ifpm;í aeouJo h Ykd bk&m;*kPüf pdww f nfNird í f aeaom orm"dwnf;/ xdkorm"dudkjrifvQif o'¨g\tpdk;&rItxl;udk odtyf\/ xkdyk*¾dKvfonf bk&m;*kPfudk MunfndKrIü rdrdpdwfudkrdrd tpdk;&av\/ (w&m;*kPfç oHCmh*kPfwdkYüvnf; xdkYtwl) avmukwå&morm"d\ y'|mefjzpfaom oDv0dok'¨dqkdonf um; ,ckb0üyifvQif avmukwå&morm"dodkY wufEdkif&ef tajccH taeESihf apmihfxdef;tyfaom tmZD0|ru edpöoDvudk qdkownf;/

patti.) This means that saddhindriya predominatees in the four constituents of sota-patti. These four constituents are: 1. Unshakeable faith in the noble qualities of the Buddha, qualities such as araham, samma-sambuddho, etc. 2. Unshakeable faith in the noble qualities of the Dhamma, qualities such as sva-kha-ta, etc. 3. Unshakeable faith in the noble qualities of the Sangha, qualities such as suppat.ipanna, etc. 4. Completely or perfectly endowed with the padat.t.ha-nas (proximate causes) of lokuttara samma-dhi, i.e., sila-visuddhi (Purification of Virtue). These are the four factors that ensure the attainment of sota-patti-magga-ña-na (Knowledge pertaining to the Path of the Stream Winner), within the compass of this life. In the passage, "Buddhe aveccapasa-dena samannagato" of the Pa-li text in question, "aveccapasa-da" means "unshakeable faith" It is the saddha- of those who have attained upaca-ra-sama-dhi (access concentration) while reflecting on the noble qualities of the Buddha. "Upaca-ra sama-dhi" means steady and fixed attention achieved while reflecting on the noble qualities of the Buddha (such as araham) just as in the case of those who have attained the sama-pattis in the jha-nas. When one sees such steady and fixed attention, one must know that saddha-'s control is predominant. Such a person is one who attains mastery over his mind in the matter of faith in the noble qualities of the Buddha. The same is true in regard to the noble qualities of . the Dhamma and the Sangha. "Foundation of lokuttara sama-dhi, i.e, s1la-visuddhi" means,ajivatthamaka nicca sila (Morality ending with Right Livelihood as the eight precept), which can enable one to attain lokuttara sama-dhi in this very life. When that s1la is unbroken and pure, it is free from the defilements of tanha- (carving), ma-na (conceit), and dit.t.hi (wrong view), and as such, one must understand that sa-ddha is prominent in that s1la. Inability to observe the requirements of the s1la is called "breaking" it. Although the


THE 'LEDI' DHAMMA ON BODHIPAKKIYA DIPANI

22

"r®0D&onf oEdÅokcodkY a&S;½Ijy|mef;onf/

xdkoDvonf tusdK;ç taygufç tajymufç tusm;rS uif;&Sif;ayonf &Sdaomfvnf; aumif;? wPSmç rmeç 'd|dpaom udavomwdkYaMumihf n§dK;EGrf;jcif;rS uif;&Sif;ayonf&Sdaomfvnf;aumif; oDvt&müo'¨g\ tpdk;&rItxl;udk odtyf\/ edpöoDvrvHkNcHKrIudk usdK;aygufajymufusm; qdkonf? vHkNcHKjyefvQif vnf; xdkoDvudk wHcGefjyKvsuf avmuESihf axG;,SufíaerIudk n§dK;EGrf;jcif; qdkonf? ]]EGm; aumif;raumif;udk acsmif;txufrS od&onf}} qdkouJhodkY Ak'¨bmomomoem0if &Sifç vltaygif;wdkYrSm o'¨gt&mü pdwf½l;ç pdwfESrf;ç aysmufç raysmuf? pdwfudk tpdk;&ol [kwfç r[kwfudk þav;XmeodkY a&mufrS od&onf[lvdk/ o'¨da`E´tcsuf NyD;\/ 0D & d , d a `E´ / / uw¬0D&d,d`E´d,H '|AÁH? pwlok or®yÜ"maeok {w¬ 0D&d,d`E´d,H '|AÁH/ (ygVdawmfteuf vG,fNyD/) Ak'¨bmom omoem0if vlç &Siftaygif;wdkYrSm 0D&d,t&mü pdwf½l;ç pdwfaemuf aysmufç raysmuf? pdwfudk tpdk;&ol [kwfç r[kwfudk or®yÜ"mef av;XmeodkYa&mufrS od&onf[lvdk/ ta&<uif;apç taMum<uif;apç t½dk;<uif;apç tom;taoG; ukefcef;avapç ,ckb0wGif ig\oEÅmefü 'd|dEdkifiHBuD; 'kp½dkufEdkifiHBuD; tyg,foHo&mBuD; rcsKyfNidrf;orQ igrae[k t&Sifpu©KygvwdkYuJhodkY woefwnf;vTwaf omtrIukd or®y"Ü mefqo kd nf/ xdo k r®y"Ü mefrüI xdu k o hJ Ykd woefwnf;vTwfonfudkjrifvQif 0D&d,\tpdk;&rI txl;udk odtyf\/ xdyk *k Kd¾ vo f nf 0D&, d t&mü pdw½f ;l ç pdwEf rS ;f aysmufayNy?D bk&m;omoemü pdwfudktpdk;&ol vlaumif;ç olaumif;jzpfayNyD[k odtyf\[lvdk/ 0D&d,da`E´tcsufNyD;\/ owd a `E´ / / uw¬ owd`E´d,H '|AÁH? pwlok owdy|maeok {w¬owd`E´d,H '|AÁH/ (ygVdawmfteuf vG,fNyD) Ak'¨bmom omoem0if vlç &Siftaygif;wdkYrSm owdt&mü pdwf½l;ç pdwfaemuf aysmufç raysmuf? pdwfudk tpdk;&ol [kwfç r[kwf owdy|mefudpöav;XmeodkYa&mufrS od&onf[lvdk/ tmemygepaom owdy|meftm½Hw k üYkd um,*wm owdtvkyf aumif;pGmxajrmufí rdrpd w d u f kd rdru d , kd cf E¨mü xm;vdo k rQruGm&atmif xm;EdkifayvQif owd\tpdk;&rItxl;udk odtyf\/ xdkyk*¾dKvfonf owd t&mü pdwf½l;ç pdwfaemufaysmufayNyD? bk&m;omoemü pdwfudktpdk;& aom vlaumif;ç olaumif;jzpfayNyD[k odtyf\[lvdk/ owda`E´tcsufNyD;\/ (quf v uf a zmf j yygrnf )

s1la may be technically unbroken, if it is observed amidst ordinary worldly conditions, it is said to be "impure." In accordance with the saying "the worth of a bull can be known only on the ascent from the bed of a stream to the banks." lay persons and Bhikkhus who profess to be followers of the Buddha can know whether or not the turbulence and distractions latent in their minds have idisappeared, i..e whether or not they have obtained mastery over their minds, only when they arrive at these four constituents. Kattha viriyindriyam dat.t.habbam? Catu- su sammappadha- nesu ettha viriyindriyam dat.t.habbam. (Where should one look for viriyindriya One should look for it in the four constituents of sammappadha-na.) Lay persons and Bhikkhus who profess to be followers of the Buddha can know whether or not the dissettlement and turbulence of their minds in the matter of viriya have disppeared and whether or not they are thus persons who have obtained mastery over their minds, only when they come to the four constituents of sammappadha-na. "Let my skin remain, let my sinews remain, let my bones reamin, let my blood dry up, I shall not rest until the realm of sakka-ya-dit.t.hi, the realm of the duccaritas, and the apa-yasamsara, that are in my personality, are destroyed in this life." This is the singleness of determination and effort in sammappadha-na. It is the effort of the same order as the Venerable Cakkhupa-la's . When one encounters such determination and effort, one must recognise in it the predominating control of viriya over the mind. In the matter of viriya the dissettlement and turbulence of the mind have disappeared in such a person, and he is one within the Buddha Sa-sana who has obtained mastery over his mind. Kattha satindriyam. dat.t.habbam? Catu-su satipat.t.ha-nesu ettha satindriyam dat.t.habbam. (Where should one look for satindriya? One should look for it in the four satipat.t.ha-nas.) Lay persons and Bhikkhus who profess to be followers of the Buddha can know whether or not the dissettlement and turbulence of their minds in the matter of sati (mindfulness) have disappeared, and whether or not they are thus persons who have obtained mastery over their minds, only when they arrive at the four constituents of the satipat.t.ha-na. If the attention can be kept fixed on any part of the body, such as out-breath and inbreath, by the successful practice of ka-yagata-sati for as long as is desired, then it must be recognised as the control exercised by sati. The dissettlement and turbulence of the mind of such a person have disappeared. He is one who has obtained mastery over his mind. (To be continue)


TALKS ABOUT THE DHAMMA "r®0D&onf Ak'¨\"r®w&m;awmf tppftrSefxGef;um;jyefhyGm;&efjzpfonf/

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jrefrmEkdifiHawmfa'ot&yf&yfwdkY ü t&n0goDawm&yfrSDvsufaeavh&Sdawmfrlaom

r[maAm"dNrdKifq&mawmf 0e0goDaO,s"r®omrdr[max&f a&;om;pD & if a wmf r l a o omm "ar® m 0g'uxm

omoemawmfBu;D \ a&aomufjrpfo;kH oG,f (omoemtyd k i f ; ) (,cif t ywf r S t quf ) tcH u d k y ,f z suf r nf h psmef u k o d k v f psmefqdkonfrSm.... udavomwdkYudk avmifNrdKufzsufqD;ypfaejcif;udk qdk\/ xdkpsmefonf.... 1/ t&r®Pkypsmef tm½Hkwpfckwnf;odkYom wnfapí ½dIUNrd§KufzsufqD;ypfaejcif;/ 2/ vu©Pkypsmef xdktm½Hkwpfckwnf;twGif;&Sd oGifjyif rl&m vu©Pmrsm;udk ½Iodvsufu ½dIUNr§dKuf zsufqD;ypfaejcif;/ þodkYvQif ESpfrsKd;uGJjym;acs\/ xdkwGif yg'upsmefac: psmefpdwfudk tajcysKd;rQxm;í 0dyóemouf oufudkrQ ½Iodaeaom ok'¨0dyóu yk*¾dKvfrsKd;ü t&r®Pkypsmefudk orm"dt&mü oHk;NyD; vu©Pkypsmefudkum; ynmt&mü toHk;jyK\/ odkYr[kwf.... t&r®Pkypsmefjzihfpdwfudk Nidrfoufat;csrf;atmif odrf;oGif; ay;xm;NyD; vu©Pkypsmefjzihf ½kyf(emrf)jzpfysuf\ azmufjym;rIBuD;udk cHkwifppfaq;aejcif;/ odkYaMumihf.... cPd u orm"d a c: wpf c suf r S w f wpf c gwnf E I e f ; jzih f tajy;wnf? ta0;wnfrS teD;wnfodkY usapvdkaom ok'¨0kyóu (tajcmufwdkuf 0dyóemorm;) onf wpfcsufwpfcsufcsif; wnfí wnfí Nidrfay;aom orm"dtajccHrQjzihfyif 0dyóempsmef0ifpm;tyf &m\/ 0ifpm;yHkum;.... tm½Hkwpfckwnf;tjzpf trSwfrS trSwfodkY uyfvsuf&Sdaom orm"djzihf udavomudk NidrfNidrfav; vSJodyfay;xm;NyD; xdkwpfckwnf;aom tm½HkwGif;&Sd ½kyfemrfjzpfysufwdkYudk olYoGif jyifrl&mvu©Pmay:aponftxd ½Ioday;&\/ pyg;&dwfodrf;&mü... b,fvufjzihf aumufyifudk qkyfudkifay;xm; nmvufjzihf wHpOfudkif&dwfjzwf? xdkb,fESihfnm ESpfckaygif;rS pyg;&&Sdjcif;[laom wpfudpöNyD; pD;&onfhyrm wlvSpGm\/ wpfzef &efow l pfO;D wnf;udv k Qif wpfO;D u csKyu f ikd af y;? wpfO;D um; raorcsif; owfjzwfonhfyrm? wpfzefwyfbufue,ford ;f ay; t&yfbufu a'oEÅ&tkycf sKyf

a&;vdkufyrm... xdOk yrmtm;vH;k orm"dESihf ynmqdkqdk? orxESihf 0dyóemrSnhfrSnhf? p&PESihf 0dZÆmajymajym ESpfckaygif; wpfaMumif;wnf;udkyif ñTef;qdk\/ orm"dESihf 0D&d, EGm;ESpfaumifuyrm twnfwGif; tvIyfoGif;um r&Sdw&m;ESihf t&Sdw&m; &Sif;vif;cGJjcm;aeonfudkyif ñTef;qdk\/ umrrS r[*¾ K wf o d k Y tajccHpsmefrQjzihf 0dyóem½I&m0,f.... oEÅ0dyóuyk*¾dKvfonf cPduorm"djzihf ÓPftqihfwuf avwdkif; ,if;ÓPftqihfwdkif;wdkYüyif r[*¾Kwfukokdvf\ psmeft*Fg tpdwftydkif;rsm;udkvnf; ÓPftqihfvdkufí ygvsufuom &Sdbd\/ oMum;onf olYcsnf;pm;&mü xif&Sm;aomfvnf; EkdY&nfwGif; a&maESmpm;oHk;&mü olYtyGihfrjrif olYoP²mefrxif &Sm;NyD/ xdkoMum;a&m EkdY&nfum;.... t&omay:vGifap&mü xuf0ufcsKd;pDyif r[kwfavm/ onfyrmvQif r[*¾KwfpsmefwdkYonf orx,medu oufouf ü tvGex f if&mS aomfvnf; 0dyóemÓPfEiS fh wGzJ uf&müum; rxif&mS ;/ 0dyóem\ atmufcH oufoufrQom usufpm;\/ xdk r[*¾Kwfpsmeft*FgwdkYonf or®oeÓPftqihfodkY wdk;0ifvmaom 0dyóemÓPf&Sifü xif&Sm;\/ xdo k r®oe- (trSet f rSet f wdik ;f oH;k oyfrv d maom)ÓPfonf 0dyóemÓPf q,fqifhwdkY\ tOD;tpyifjzpf&m... tedpöpaom vu©Pmtcsufrsm; ay:vGifxif&Sm;vm\/ yDwdokc {u*¾wmwdkY\ owdåaMumihf tvif;a&mifrsm;vnf; ay:xGufvmwwf\/ umrpäE´paom ed0&Ptwm;rsm; yg;&Sm;p jyKvm\/ tEko, tcH udk,fwGif; p½dkufrsm;vnf; xif&Sm;vm\/ xdx k Ó kd Ofp½du k f vdu k í f vnf; bk&m;&[EÅmponfh aumif;edrw d f rsm;? tokbaumif aoG;oH&J&Jaumif yHkrusyef;rusaumif ponfh raumif;edrdwfrsm;vnf; ay:vmwwfao;\/ okdYaMumihf.... psmeft*Fgrsm; tpHt k vif yg0ifaeaMumif; oabmayguf&m\/ txufü jyqdkcJhNyD; emr½ly y&dapä'ÓPf ypö,y&d*¾[ÓPf ESpfyg;a&muf 0dyóemÓPf&Sifüum; vu©Pmtcsuf ray:vGifjcif;? a'goa&mif vTrf;aewwfjcif;? pdwfwdkaewwfjcif;? ponfh trlt&mrsm;


TALKS ABOUT THE DHAMMA

24

"r®0D&onf ]oDv? orm"d? ynm} twGuf jzpfonf/

udk axmufí psmeft*Fgrsm; rjynhfpHkao;[lí odtyf\/ xdkÓPfESpfyg;udkum; 0dyóemÓPfrsm;\ tajccHpsmeft*Fgrsm;\ yg'u[líom rSwf&m\/ psmef w d k Y \ tpd w f y d k i f ; rsm; 1/ 0ifrIxGufrIwdkY\ 0ifonfxGufonf rSwfcsufwdkif;wGif 0dwuf psmeft*Fga&maESm0ifygae\/ xd0k w d ufonf ½Iuu G Ef iS fh rSwpf w d f xdyw f u kd f awGU&ef csdefudkufay;vsufuom &Sd\/ 2/ xdk 0ifrx I u G rf \ I 0ifb,fvkd xGub f ,fv[ kd í l twGi;f ae atmufarh jcif;owdü 0dpm&psmeft*Fg a&maESmvsufuom 0ifygae\/ xdk0dpm&ÓPfonfum; ½IuGufESihf rSwfpdwfuGmxGufroGm;ap &ef 'vpyf oHk;oyfay;ae\/ 3/ ½IuGufESihf rSwfpdwfwdkY &ifcsif;tyf xyfrdvmjcif;aMumihf ½IuGufwGif; \ jzpfyHkysufyHkudk jrifodcGihf&onfESihf rdrdtvkyfü ESpfouftm;& oabmusrIyDwdvnf; 0ifa&mufvm\/ 4/ ½Iuu G Ef iS fh rSwpf w d w f MYkd um; yDwt d m; oGm;omvmjcif;aMumihf ud, k rf yif yef; pdwfvnf;csrf;omvnf; 0ifa&mufvm\/ 5/ ½Iuu G w f iG ;f &Sd 0ifrx I u G rf rI sm;\ 0ifyx kH u G yf rkH sm; txl;tm;aumif;vm jcif;aMumihf ½IuGufrS rcGmvdkaom {u*¾wmvnf; 0ifa&mufvm\/ txufygwdkYudk axmufí 0ifrIxGufrI ½IuGuf&Sd xdod½kyfemrfESpfyg;wdkY\ jzpfyHkcsKyfyHk vu©PmpHkudk ½IMunhfaeaom 0dyóem,medu a,m*Düvnf; ÓPf twGi;f r[*¾Kwpf smef xifvif;&Sad eaMumif; aumif;aumif;Bu;D xif&mS ;ap cJhNyD/ xdkpsmeft*Fgrsm;um; vu©Ekypsmef\ tajccH ta`cG&Htoif; tyif;rQjzpf&um; þü 0dyóempsmeft*Fgrsm;[líom ac:qdkoHk;pGJ xdkufvSacsonf/ tysuf v nf ; ouf o m wpf z uf v nf ; rygaom taumif ; r[*¾KwfqdkonfrSm umrxuf vGefjrwfaom oabmudkyif qdkacs\/ umrukokdvf\ tusKd;ay;onf tm½HkESihf ouf&SdoufrJh tm½Hk

&Siw f t Ykd ay: tm½H, k Ml unhw f idk ;f om,muyfpjJG cif; aysmyf g;vdjk cif; aysmyf g; jcif;rsm; ruif;&um; ,kwfnHh\/ tjypfvnf;ruif; cspfa<u; rkef;a<u; rsm; edAÁmefr0ifrcsif; rat;/ r[*¾Kwfpdwfonfum;.... wpfzufodkY tm½Hkcsif;twdkuf rdrdukd,füom pdwfpdkufxm;\/ tm½HkESihf tm½Hk&SifwdkYtay: tm½Hk,lMunhfwdkif;vnf; umrpdwf ray:? "r®pw d rf Qom xifay:aewwf\/ rif;uGe;f aZw0efq&mawmf Bu;D y&dowfxk ½Iavwdkif;? tom;xpftom;yHkBuD;rsm; pHkyHkaeonfudkom jrif&awmhyHkrsKd;/ 0wåKtm½HkwdkY\ tzsufudk rcH&awmh uHzsuf? Owkzsuf? tm[m&zsuf xdkoHk;csufwdkY\ ed,mrysufrQom &Sdawmh\/ odaYk Mumihf umrukov kd t f usK;d ay;xuf rGejf rwf\/ El;nHo h rd af rGU \/ cspfa<u; rkef;a<u;aw;txm;cH&jcif;vnf; r&Sd? tjypfuif;pif \/ umr*kPf[dwf-umr*kPfpdwfwdkY ruyfNidjcif;aMumihf aovQif vnf; umrvGefajrmuf jA[®mhbHkodkYom uyfa&muf&\/ &GmrSxu G cf í hJ bke;f Bu;D ausmif;buf Oykoaf qmif0ifvsuf yrm wnf;/ jA[®mhbHkodkYvm;cGihf& xdkr[*¾Kwfukokdvf&Sifonf umrpdwfudk tajcjyKjzpfaom a,musfm;vdift*Fg rdef;rvdift*Fgrsm; uG,faysmufae MuNyD; ½kyfyHkoP²mefum; tvGefcefYxnfaom a,musfm;[efyefrsKd;csnf; jzpf&um; tjrwfxGuform;rsm; qdk&\/ r[*¾KwftqHygaom þ0dyóempsmefonfvnf; tjcm; tjcm; aom uokdPf;edrdwfrsm;yrmyif/ avedrdwfBuD;onfvnf; O*¾[edrdwft&m xif&Sm;vSpGm\/ ESmoD;0\ jzpf&yd yf su&f yd rf sm;onfvnf; O*¾[t&m xif&mS ;vS pGm\/ ÓPftqifh txufwdk;u y#dbm*edrdwfrsKd; ay:xGef;OD;rnf/ xdkedrdwfay:vGifjcif;um; psmeft*Fgrsm; jynf0vm&mrS orm"d u ½Iuu G ef ,fy,f owfrw S af y;xm;jcif;wnf;/ odrYk [kwf t&r®Pyk psmef u vu©PkypsmefodkY ppfulay;ydkYaejcif;.../ (quf v uf a zmf j yygrnf )

pmrsuf E S m 19 rS jypfwifvkdufygonf/ bmaMumihfvnf;qdk&ifawmh tyÜrm' tNrJESvHk; roG i f ; Muvk d Y y g/ jrwf p G m bk & m;u tyÜ r m'w&m;ES i h f ywf o uf í b,favmufta&;BuD;ovJqdk&if vlwdkif;[m aorsKd;awGjzpfaevdkYyg/ vlawG[m aea&;xuf? aoa&;cuf qdkonhfpum;twdkif; aea&;udk OD;pm;ay;í vkyfaqmifaeMuonf/ jrwfAk'¨u tyÜrm'eJY ywfoufí rarhravsmah exdik Mf uzdYk (45)0g umvywfv;kH (1792) Burd f xyfcg wvJvJ rSmMum;cJhaMumif; Ak'¨pmayü awGU&onf/ aorif;udk pdefac:aom &[ef; (8)yg;rSm jrwfpGmbk&m;u aemufqHk; t|r&[ef;awmfudk om"kac:í csD;rGrf;cJhw,f/ Ak'¨bk&m;[m aojcif;w&mudk aeYpOfESvHk;oGif;tm;xkwfaewJh &[ef;(8)yg;awmif yxr&[ef;rS owår&[ef;txd uJh&JU jypfwifcJh&if rdrdwdkYqdk rajymy avmufyg/ 5/ aoab;aMumuf o l E S i h f aoab;raMumuf o l vlwdkif;ao&rnfudk odMuonf/ okdYaomf ao&rnfudkvnf; vlwikd ;f aMumufMuonf/ vlrqdx k m;ESifh bmrQ todtvdrrf mr&SMd uaom

Muuf? 0uf? iSuftp&Sdaom wd&pämefrsm;yif aMumufMuí aocgeD; rsuf&nfusonfudk jrifawGUMuygvdrhfrnf/ aoab;qdk;BuD;udk aMumuf&GHUrIESihf ywfoufí bk&m;&Sifvuf xuf ykPÖm;BuD;wpfa,muf jrwfpGmbk&m;udk avQmufxm;cJhzl;onf/ ykPÖm;BuD;u ]jrwfpGmbk&m; vlwdkif;vnf;ao&rnfudk odMuonf? vl w d k i f ; vnf ; ao&rnf u d k aMumuf M uygonf b k & m;} xdt k cg jrwfpmG bk&m;onf ykPmÖ ;Bu;D tm; aoab; aMumufol (4)OD;ESihf aoab;raMumufol (4)OD; cGJjcm;í a[mMum;awmfrlcJhygonf/ (quf v uf a zmf j yygrnf )

&mpkopf\ pdefac:rIrsKd;pkHukd Nidrf;csrf;aompdwf &J&ifw h nfMunfaom avmutjrifjzifh b0uk&d ifqidk v f suf atmifjrifpmG jzwfoef;Ekid Mf uzkYd "r®0&D *sme,f zwfMupkUd


COVER SPECIAL FEATURES "r®0D&onf "r®opömudk ñTefjyonf/ rsuf E S m zk H ; pmrsuf E S m rS taMumif;jyKvsuf þomrm0wD0w¬K*gxm-21? 22 ESihf 23 wdkYudk jrwfpGmbk&m;ocif a[mMum;awmfrlonf/ 21/ tyÜrma'g trwH y'H? yrma'g rpöKaemy'H tyÜrwåm erD,EÅd? a,yrwåm ,xm rwm/ 22/ {0H 0dao oawmOwGm? tyÜrm'rSd y@dwm tyÜrma' yarm'EÅd? t&d,meH a*gpa& &wm/ 23/ awpsm,daem omwwdum? edpöH 'V§y&uúrm zkoEÅd "D& edAÁmeH? a,m*au©rH tEkwå&H/ omrm0wD rdzk&m;BuD;onf tysKd&Harmif;rig;&mwdkY 0ef;&Hvsuf aumorÁDeef;awmfwGif pHjref;aeavonf/ xdkrdzk&m;BuD;wGif ckZÆKwå&m trnf&Sd yef;t0,fawmf yef;awmfquf armif;rwpfa,muf&Sdonf/ ¤if;yef;t0,fawmf yef;awmfqufarmif;rckZÆKwå&monf omrm0wDrzd &k m;Bu;D yefqif&eftwGuf okreyef;onfxrH S aeYpOf0,f,l &avonf/ yef;t0,fawmf yef;awmfqufckZÆKwå&monf xkdokre yef;onf\ wpfaeYaomtcgwGif jrwfpGmbk&m;ociftm; okreyef; onfu qGr;f uyfvLS onfh tvSLr*Fvmtcrf;tem;ESifh BuKH awGU&avonf/ aetdrfqGrf;tvSLyGJwGif jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sif a[mMum; csD;jr§ihfawmfrlaom qGrf;tEkarm'emw&m;a'oemawmfudk o'¨gtm;BuD; pGmemMum;&mrS aomwmywdrå *foYkd qdu k af &mufNy;D aomwmyeft&d,m jzpfomG ;avonf/ ckZÆKwå&monf jrwfpGmbk&m;&SifxHawmfrS rdrdem,lcJhaom w&m;a'oemawmfudk omrm0wDrdzk&m;BuD;ESihfwuG aemufygtysKd&H armif;rig;&mwdkYtm; jyefvnfa[majymonfwGif omrm0wDrdzk&m;BuD; ESihf tysKd&Harmif;rig;&mwdkY tm;vHk; xdkaeYwGifyif aomwmyeft&d,m rsm;jzpfMuavukef\/ xdkaeYrSpí ckZÆKwå&mtm; yef;awmfquf tdrfazmf tap tyg; tvkyfrsm;udk rvkyfapbJ omrm0wDrdzk&m;BuD;\ r,fawmf t&mESihf vrf;ñTefjyoqdkqHk;ray;aom q&mae&mwGif xm;&SdylaZmf avonf/ ckZÆKwå&monf jrwfpGmbk&m;ocif a[mMum;awmfrlaom w&m;a'oemawmfrsm;udk tNrrJ jywfem,lrw S o f m;Ny;D omrm0wD rdz&k m; BuD;ESihf tysKd&Harmif;rrsm;tm; jyefvnfa[majymae&avonf/ þodkY jzihf tcsdef&vmonfESihftrQ ckZÆKwå&monfvnf; wdyd#u"&yd#uwf awmf 0efaqmifyk*¾dKvfjzpfvmcJhavonf/ omrm0wDrdzk&m;BuD;trSL;jyKaom tysKd&Harmif;rrsm;onf jrwfpGmbk&m;ocifxHawmfarSmufodkY udk,fwkdifudk,fusoGm;a&mufzl;jrif vdkMuygaomfvnf; jynhf&Sifrif;BuD; oabmrrQ trsufawmf&Srnfudk pdk;aMumufMuonfjzpfí roGm;ra&mufrzl;awGUEkdifMuay/ aumorÁDjynf rS ol<u,fBuD;oHk;OD;jzpfMuaom aCmouolaX;BuD;? ukuúK#olaX;BuD; ESihf yg0g&d,olaX;BuD;rsm;tdrfodkY jrwfpGmbk&m; qGrf;pm;<uawmfrlaom tcg? wkdYwGif eef;awmfeH&Hrsm;udk taygufuav;rsm; azmufxGif;í jrwfpGmbk&m;ocifESifh aemufygoHCmawmfrsm;tm; ,if;eH&Htayguf rsm;rS ajcmif;ajrmif;í zl;ajrmfMunfndKMuavonf/ xd k t csd e f w G i f bk & if O aweonf rm*@D t rnf & S d aom rdzk&m;BuD;wpfyg;ESihfpHjref;aeav\/ xdkrdzk&m;BuD; rm*@DrSm tvGef w&macsmarmvSyí rm*@D,jA[®PBuD;\ orD;jzpfonf/ xdkjA[®P BuD;onf wpfaeYaomtcg jrwfpGmbk&m;tm; zl;arQmfí vGefpGmMunfndK jcif;&Sdonfjzpf&mrS rdrd\ tvGefacsmarmvSyaom orD;rm*@Dtm; ZeD;r,m;tjzpf vufco H rd ;f ydu k af wmfryl g&ef avQmufxm;av&m jrwfpmG

25

Mindfulness (Appama-da vagga), Sa-ma-vat1- Vatthu, with reference to Sa-ma-vat1-, one of the chief queens of Udena, King of Kosamti. Then the Buddha spoke in verse as follows: . . Verse: 21. Appama-do amatapadam , pamãdo maccuno padam ; Appamatta na m1yanti, Ye Pamatta yatta mata. . Verse: 22 Evam visesato ñatva-, appama-damh1- pan.d.ita-; . Appama-de pamodanti, ariya-nam gocare rata-. . Verse: 23 Tejhay1no satalika, niccam dal.haparakkama-; . . . Phusanti dh1-ra- nibba-nam, yogakkhemam anuttaram. Samavati had five hundred maids- of - honour staying with her at the palace; she also had a maidservant called Khujjuttara-. The maid had to buy flowers for Sa-ma-vati from the florist Sumana everyday. On one occasion, Khujjuttara- had the opportunity to listen to a religious discourse delivered by the Buddha, at the home of Sumana and she attained Sota-pati Fruition. She repeated the discourse of the Buddha to Sa-ma-vati and the five hundred of maids- of- honour, and they also attained So-ta-.pati Fruition from that day, Khujjuttara-. did not have to do any menial work, but took the place of mother and teacher to Sa- ma-vati. She listened to the discourses of the Buddha and repeated them to Sa-ma-vati and her maids. In course of time, Khujjuttara-. mastered the Tipitaka. Sa-ma-vati and her maids wished very much to see the Buddha and pay obeisance to him: but they were afraid the king might be displeased with them. So, making holes in the walls of their palace, they looked through them and paid obeisance to the Buddha everyday as he was going to the house of three rich men, namely, Ghosaka, Kukkuta and Pa-va-riya. At that time, King Udena had also another chief queen by the name of Ma-gandiya-. She was the daughter of Ma-gandiya-, a Brahmin. The Brahmin seeing the Buddha one day thought the Buddha was the only person who was worthy of his very beautiful daughter. So, he hurriedly went off to fetch his wife and daughter and offered to give his daughter in marriage to the Buddha. Turning down his offer, the Buddha said, "Even after seeing Tan.ha-, Arati and Raga-, the daughters of Mara, I felf no desire in me for sensual pleasures; after all, what is this which is full of urine and fitth and which I don't like to touch even with my foot.." On hearing those words of the Buddha, both the Brahmin and his wife attained Ana-ga-mi Magga and Phala. They entrusted their daughter to the care of her uncle and themselves joined the Order. Eventually, they attained arahatship. The Buddha knew from the beginning that the Brahmin and his wife were destined to attain Ana-ga-mi Fruition that very day, hence his reply to the Brahmin in the above manner. However, the daughter Ma-gandiya- became very bitter and sore and she vowed to take revenge if and when an opportunity arose. Later, her uncle presented Ma-gandiya- to King Udena and she became one of his chief queen. Ma-gandiya- came to learn about the arrival of the Buddha in Kosambi and about how Sa-ma-vati and her maids paid her obeisance to him through holes in the walls of their living quarters. So, she planned to take her revernge on the Buddha and to harm Sa-ma-vati and her maids who were ardent devotees of the Buddha. Ma-gandiya- told the King that Sa-ma-vati and her maids


COVER SPECIAL FEATURES

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"r®0D&onf t"r®w&m;z,f&Sm;Edkif&ef jzpfonf/

bk&m;&Sifonf atmufygpum;udk `rGwfMum;awmfrlNyD;aemuf jA[®P ykPÖm;BuD;\ avQmufwifcsufudk y,fcsawmfrlvdkufavonf/ ]]rm*@Dxufyí kd acsmarmvSyaom rm&fewfrif;\ orD;ysKrd sm; jzpfonfh wPSm? tm&wDESihf &m*wdkYudkyif rdrdvufrcH rodrf;ydkufcJhygyJ vsuf ,ckrSþpufqkyf&GH&Smp&m usifBuD;usifi,fwdkYjzihf jynhfESufvsuf&Sd aeaom rm*@Dudk vufcHodrf;ydkuf&ef a0;pG? rdrd\ajcaxmufudk xd½HkrQ yif txdcHvdkpdwfr&Sdyg}} rm*@D\ rdbESpfyg;jzpfMuaom ykPÖm;BuD;ESihf ykaPÖ;rBuD;wdkY onf jrwfpGmbk&m;a[mMum;awmfrlvdkufaom a'oemawmfudk Mum;em &onfESihf ESpfOD;pvHk; tem*grdr*fESihf tem*grdzdkvfodkYwdkif qdkufa&muf oGm;avonf/ xdkYaemuf ¤if;wdkY\ orD;rm*@Dudk ¤if;\ OD;av;awmfxH odkYapmihfa&Smuf&ef tyfESHNyD;aemuf ¤if;wdkYESpfOD;pvHk; omoemhabmifodkY 0ifa&mufíBudK;pm;tm;xkwfMu&m t&[wåzdkvfqdkuf &[EÅmrsm;tjzpf odkY a&muf&SdoGm;Muavonf/ jrwfpGmbk&m;onf rm*@D,jA[®PykPÖm;BuD;ESihf ¤if;\ ZeD; r,m;ykaPÖ;rBuD;wdkYESpfOD;pvHk; jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sifa[mMum;awmfrlaom umr*kPfwdkY\ tjypfESihfpyfonfha'oemawmfudkMum;emMuNyD;onf\ tcsed w f iG yf if tem*grfrsm;jzpfomG ;Muonfukd od&adS wmfral v\/ odaYk omf ¤if;wdkY\ orD;rm*@DrSmrl jrwfpGmbk&m;rdefYMum;awmfrlonhfa'oemudk Mum;vdkuf&í t&SufBuD;&SufNyD; jyif;pGmtrsufxGufum jrwfpGmbk&m; ociftay:ü BuD;pGmaom&efNid§K;zGJUvdkufav\/ vufpm;acs&efvnf; tcGifh tcgudkapmihfaeav\/ xdkYaemufrMumrD OD;av;jzpfolonf wlrrm*@Dudk aumorÁD jynhf&Sif bk&ifOawerif;xHqufovdkufavonf/ Oawerif;vnf; vGepf mG vSyacsmarmaom rm*@Dtm; rdz&k m;Bu;D wpfyg;tjzpf ajrm§ ufpm; awmfrlavonf/ rm*@Donf aumorÁDjynfodkY jrwfpGmbk&m;ocif <ucsDawmf rlvmrnfhtcsdefESihf a&muf&SdawmfrlrnfhtcsdefwdkYudk aocsmpGm penf;em avhvmpHkprf;NyD;aemuf omrm0wDrdzk&m;BuD;ESihf ¤if;\ tysKd&Harmif;r rsm;onf ¤if;wd\ Yk eef;raqmife&H aH ygufrsm;rS ajcmif;ajrmif;Murnfh tajc taeud k avh v mxm;avonf / xd k o d k Y a vh v mxm;&S d N yD ; aemuf jrwfpGmbk&m;ociftay: ydkifydkifEkdifEkdifvufpm;acs&efESihf omrm0wD rdz&k m;Bu;D ESiafh emufygarmif;rwdt Yk m;vH;k tusK;d ,kwMf uap&ef pepfwus cdkifcdkifrmrmBudKwifBuHpnfxm;avonf/ rm*@DonftcGifhta&;&onfESihf bk&ifOawerif;BuD;tm; wD;wd;k pum;qdí k avQmufxm;av\/ omrm0wDrzd &k m;Bu;D onf Oawe rif;BuD;tay:xuf jrwfpGmbk&m;tay: pdwfnGwfaeoljzpfonf/ xdaYk Mumihrf if;Bu;D \ touftEÅ&m,fp;kd &drzf , G &f o dS nf/ omrm0wDrzd &k m; BuD;ESihfaemufyg armif;rwdkYonf ¤if;wdkYaexdkif&m eef;raqmiftcef; eH&H rsm;wGiftaygufrsm;azmufxm;MuNyD; jyifyESihf tquftoG,fjyKí t&Sifrif;BuD;tm; vkyfBuH&ef BuHpnfaejcif;jzpfonf[k avQmufxm;av \/ Oawerif;BuD;vnf; omrm0wDrdzk&m;BuD;\ taqmifodkY <ua&muf Munhf½Ippfaq;av&m rm*@Drdzk&m;avQmufxm;onfhtwdkif; eH&Hü taygufrsm;azmufxm;onfukd awGUjrif&ojzihf ar;jref;&m jrwfpmG bk&m; ocifESihf aemufygoHCmawmfrsm; qGrf;cH<upOf zl;jrif&eftwGuf azmufxm;jcif;jzpfygonf[k trSet f wdik ;f jyefvnfavQmufxm;onf wGif rif;BuD;onf wpfpHkwpf&mta&;,ljcif;rjyKbJ ¤if;taygufrsm;udkom ydwfcdkif;vdkufavonf/ rm*@Donf qufvufítaumufBuHjyef\/ omrm0wD

had made holes in the walls of their living quarters and that they has outside contacts and were disloyal to the King. King Udena saw the holes in the walls, but when the truth was told he did not get angry. But Ma-gandiya- kept on trying to make the king believe Samavati was not loyal to him and was trying to kill him. On one occasion, knowing that the king would be visiting Sa-ma-vati within the next few days and that he would be taking along his lute with him. Ma-gandiya- inserted a snake into the lute and closed the hole with a bunch of flowers. Ma-gandiya- followed King Udena to Sa-ma-vati's quarters after trying to stop him on the pretext that she had some presentiment and felt worried about his safety. At Sa-ma-vati's place Ma-gandiya- removed the bunch of flowers from the hole of the lute. The snake came out hissing and coiled itself on the bed. When the king saw the snake he believed Ma-gandiya-'s words that Sa-ma-vati was trying to kill him. The king was furious. He commanded Sa-ma-vati to stand and all her ladies to line up behind her. Then he fitted his bow with and arrow dipped in poison and shot the arrow. But Sa-ma-vati and her ladies bore no ill will towards the king and through the power fo goodwill (meta-), the arrow turned back, although an arrow shot by the king usually went even through a rock. Then the king realized the innocence of Sa-ma-vati and he gave her permission to invite the Buddha and his disciples to the palace for alms- food and delivering discourses. Ma-gandiya-, realizing that none of her plans had materialized, made a final, infallible plan. She sent a message to her uncle with full instructions to go to Sa-ma-vati's place and burn down the building with all the women inside. As the house was burning, Sa-ma-vat1- and her maids- ofhonour, numbering five hundred, kept on meditating. Thus, some of them attained Sakada-ga-mi fruition, and the rest attained Ana-ga-mi Fruition. As the news of the fire spread, the king rushed to the scene, but it was too late. He suspected that it was done at the instigation of Ma-gandiya-; but he did not show that he was suspicious. Instead, he said"While Sa-ma-vati was alive I had been fearful and alert thinking I might be harmed by her; only now, my mind is at peace. Who could have done this? It must have been done only by someone who love me very dearly.." Hearing this, Ma-gandiya- promptly admitted that it was she who had instructed her uncle to do it. Whereupon, the king pretended to be very pleased with her and said that he would do he a great favour, and relatives. So, the relatives were sent for and they came gladly. On arrival at the palace, all of them, including Ma-gandiya-, were seized and burnt in the palace courtyard, by the order of the king. When the Buddha was told about these two incidents, he said that those who are mindful do not die; but those who are negligent are as good as dead even while living. Then the Buddha spoke in verse as follows: Verse 21. Mindfulness is the way to the Deathless (Nibba-na); unmindfulness is the way to Death. Those who are mindful do not die; those who are not mindful are as if already dead.


COVER SPECIAL FEATURES "r®0D&onf Ak'¨w&m;jzifh avmuudk apmihfa&Smuf&efjzpfonf/ rdzk&m;BuD;onf rif;BuD;tay:ürav;pm;bJ rif;BuD;tm; vkyfBuH owfjzwf&ef BuHpnfaeqJjzpfaMumif;jzihf rif;BuD;tm; avQmufwif av\/ Oawerif;BuD;onf rdzk&m;BuD;oHk;yg;wdkY\ taqmifrsm;ü ck e pf & uf w pf y wf v Qif wpf v S n h f p D p H p m;\/ ,ck r m*@D r d z k & m;\ taqmifü pHpm;cdu k jf zpf\/ xdaYk emufwiG f omrm0wDrzd &k m;Bu;D taqmif ü pHpm;rnfjzpfonf/ omrm0wDrzd &k m;Bu;D \taqmifoYkd rif;Bu;D rajymif; a&TUrD rm*@Drdzk&m;onf tpG,fcsKd;xm;aom a`rGa[mufwpfaumifudk Oawerif;Bu;D \ apmif;cGux f üJ xnhx f m;Ny;D tayguf0udk tay:rS yef;uH;k wdkYjzihf ydwfqdkYxm;vdkufavonf/ Oawerif;Bu;D onf omrm0wDrzd &k m;taqmifoYkd ul;oGm;aom tcg apmif;awmfudkyg wpfygwnf; ,laqmifoGm;\/ rm*@Drdzk&m;u vnf ; rif ; BuD ; \ vH k N cH K a&;twG u f pd w f r cs[k q d k u m rif ; BuD ; ES i h f twlvdkufoGm;\/ omrm0wDrdzk&m;BuD;\ taqmifodkYa&mufaomtcg rif;BuD; onf ovGefxufü avsmif;pufí tem;,laepOf rm*@Donf apmif;0 ü qdkYxm;aom yef;uHk;udkz,fvdkufNyD;aemuf cyfvSrf;vSrf;ü aeav\/ twGi;f rS a`raG [mufonf ESp&f ufo;kH &ufyw d af vSmifcx H m;&ojzihf trsuf xGufum yg;jyif;axmifvsuf xGufvm\/ rm*@Du txdwfwvefY atmf[pfvdkuf&m rif;BuD;vnf; a`rGa[mufudkjrifojzihf rsm;pGmxdwfvefY aMumuf&GHUNyD;aemuf rm*@Drdzk&m;avQmufxm;onfhtwdkif; omrm0wD rdzk&m;onf rdrdtm; vkyfBuHowfjzwfrnfqdkaom pum;rSefuefavNyD[k wxpfcsvufcH,HkMunfvdkufavawmhonf/ Oawerif;BuD;onf omrm0wDrdzk&m;BuD;tay:wGif jyif;p?Gm trsufxGufonfjzpfí omrm0wDrdzk&m;ESihfwuG armif;rig;&mwdkYtm; wef;pDrwfwyf&yfaeapNyD; Adkvfajcwpfaxmifwifaomav;wGif tqdyf vl;jrm;wyfí udk,fawmfwdkifpD&ifuGyfrsufrnf[k trdefYcsrSwfvdkuf\/ omrm0wDrdzk&m;BuD;onf arwåmt&mü {w'*f&oljzpf\/ xdkYaMumihf omrm0wDrdzk&m;BuD;u ol\ armif;rtNcHt&HwdkYtm;vHk; rif;BuD;tay:üaomfvnf;aumif;? rm*@Drdzk&m;tay:üvnf;aumif; tenf;i,frQyif trsurf xGuMf u&efEiS fh rdrEd iS x fh yfwx l yfrQ arwåmyGm;Mu &efoGefoif\/ oGefoifonfhtwdkif; omrm0wDrdzk&m;BuD;ESihfwuG armif;rig;&mwdkYonf Oawerif;BuD;ESihf rm*@Drdzk&m;wdkYtay: rGefjrwf euf½fdIif;pGmarwåmbm0emyGm;rsm;Muavonf/ Oawerif;Bu;D onf oltrdecYf srw S x f m;onft h wdik ;f omrm0wD rdzk&m;BuD;ESihfwuG aemufygarmif;rig;&mwdkYtm; av;jzihf ypfcGif;&m arwåmtpGrf;tm;aMumihf ypforQaomjrm;wdkYonf rif;BuD;xHodkYom jyefvnfí cJvHk;rsm;wrQ xdrSefvsuf a&muf&Sdvmavonf/ xdkodkYaomtcsif;t&mrsm;aMumihf rif;BuD;vnf; omrm0wD rdzk&m;BuD;ESihfwuG armif;rig;&mwdkYtm; tjypfr&SdcGihf vTwfapNyD;aemuf omrm0wD\ arwåmpGrf;tm;aMumihf jrwfpGmbk&m;&Siftm; MunfndKvm av\/ jrwfpGmbk&m;trSL;&Sdaom oHCmawmfrsm;tm; ckepf&ufwdkifwdkif eef;awmfodkYyifhvsuf qGrf;vkyfauR;av\/ w&m;a'oemawmfudkvnf; em,lavonf/ omrm0wDrdzk&m;BuD;ESihfwuG armif;rig;&mwdkYudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m;ausmif;awmfodkY oGm;a&mufí w&m;awmfemMum;cGihf ay;avonf/ w&m;emoGm;Muaomtcg tapmifhta&Smufrsm;vnf; ay;\/ jrwf p G m bk & m;\ cG i h f j yKawmf r l c suf j zih f t&S i f t meE´ m tm; omrm0wDrdzk&m;BuD;\ taqmifodkYaeYpOfqGrf;tvSLcHw&m;csD;jr§ihf&ef yihfavQmufavonf/

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Verse 22. Fully comprehending this, the wise who are mindful, rejoice in being mindful and find delight in the domain of the Noble Ones (Ariyas). Verse23. The wise, constantly cultivating Tranquillity and insight Development Practice, being ever mindful and steadfastly striving, realize Nibba-na; Nibba-na, which is free from the bonds of yoga; Nibba-na, the Incomparable! ( Translated from Suttanta Pitaka, Khuddaka- Nika-ya, THE DHAMMA PADA., Chapter Two, Mindfulness (Appama- da) vagga., Sa-ma-vati Vatthu). Nyain Chan Oo.

rm*@Drdzk&m;onf rdrdBuHpnforQ ysuf,Gif;aomtcg rsm;pGm cHjyif;vsuf rif;BuD;rSwpfqifh raqmif&GufawmhbJ tqHk;pGefaom pGefYpm; jcif;rsm;jzihfudk,fwdkif aqmif&Guf&ef qHk;jzwfvdkuf\/ wpfaeYrif;BuD; awmupm;xGufcdkufwGif OD;&D;awmf(plVrm*@D,) ykPÖm;BuD;tm; omrm 0wDrdzk&m;eef;aqmifudk rD;wdkufap\/ omrm0wDrdzk&m;BuD;\ eef;aqmifBuD;wpfaqmifvHk; rD;BuD; avmifuRrf;av\/ xdktcsdefwGif omrm0wDrdzk&m;BuD;ESihfwuG tysKd&H armif;rig;&mwdo Yk nf 0dyóembm0emur®|mef;pD;jzef;yGm;rsm;aeavonf jzpfí tcsKdUu ou'g*grft&d,mtjzpfodkYvnf;aumif;? wpfcsKdUu tem*grftqifhodkYvnf;aumif;? qdkufa&mufMuavonf/ xdrk ;D avmifuRr;f rIowif;udk rif;Bu;D Mum;odonfEiS t fh vsit f jref jyefvmumMunhf½Iav\/ odkYaomf aemufusoGm;NyDjzpf\/ rm*@Drdzk&m; \vufcsufjzpfaMumif; &dyfrdav\/ twdtusodEdkif&ef rif;BuD;onf rif;y&dowfAdkvfyHktv,fwGif atmufygpum;jzihfpl;prf;vdkufavonf/ ]]omrm0wDrdzk&m;BuD;tm; tNrJwrf;pdk;&drfaMumuf&GHUae&onfh ab;rSvGwfajrmuf&avNyD/ ,ckrSyif at;csrf;pGmae&ygNyD/ uREfkyf\ 'ku© udo k í d uREykf t f m; cspcf ifjrwfE;kd ojzihf þeef;aqmifukd rD;wif½UId ay;vdu k f jcif;jzpfayrnf}} xdkpum;udktyg;wGifcpm;aeonfh rm*@Drdzk&m;u Mum;vdkuf &onfESihf csufcsif;yif rif;BuD;tm; avQmufwifav\/ þrD;½dIUonfh udpörSm rdrdudk,fwdkifaqmif&Gufjcif;jzpfygaMumif; rdrd\ ñTefMum;cdkif;ap csuft& rdrd\OD;&D;awmfudk,fwkdifrD;wif½dIUcJhjcif;jzpfaMumif;avQmufwif avonf/ rif ; BuD ; onf rm*@D \ pum;ud k M um;od & avaomtcg þudpüö yg0ifaqmif&u G Mf uol aqGrsK;d tm;vH;k wdu Yk kd eef;awmfoYkd tjrefq;kH ac:&ef trdefYay;avonf/ ,if;trdefYudkMum;odMu&aomtcg rm*@D rdz&k m;\ aqGrsK;d wpfou kd o f nf 0rf;omtm;&pGmjzihf eef;awmfoYkd a&muf&dS vmMu\/ ¤if;wdkYtm; qkawmfvmbfawmfrsm;csD;jr§ifhay;oem;awmfrlNyD; aemuf rm*@Drzd &k m;tygt0if tm;vH;k wdu Yk kd eef;&ifjyifü ajrusi;f wl;í csuftxdjr§KyfNyD; rD;½dIUíowf&ef ao'Pfay;vdkufavonf/ wpfaeYwiG f omrm0wDrzd &k m;ESiafh rmif;rig;&mwdYk uG,v f eG jf cif; taMumif ; ? rm*@D r d z k & m;ES i f h aqG r sKd ; wd k Y uG , f v G e f j cif ; taMumif ; ESpf&yfwdkYESihf pyfvsOf;í ]rnfolonf touf&Sifolrnfygoenf;? rnfow l u Ykd aoolrnfygoenf;} [lí &[ef;rsm;u avQmufxm;ar;jref; Mu&m jrwfpGmbk&m;onf þonfh"r®y'ygVdawmfvm a'oem"r®udk a[mMum;awmfrlavonf/ *gxm-21/ / rarh r avsmh j cif ; onf rao&m(ed A Á m ef ) od k Y a&muf vrf ; wnf ; /


COVER SPECIAL FEATURES

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"r®0D&onf Nidrf;csrf;aompdwfjzpfwnf&ef &Gnf&G,fonf/

arhavsmjh cif;onf aorif;xHoYkd a&mufaom vrf; aemuf a usmzk H ; rS wnf;/ tcJaygif;rsm;pGmESifh &ifqdkifawGUBuHKMu&ygonf/ ,if;odkYjzpfMu&onhf *gxm-22/ / rarhravsmhukefolwdkYonf aoaomfvnf; taMumif;t&if;rSm ¤if;wdkY\arG;&myg aysmhnHhrIrsm;aMumifh jzpf&jcif; aoonf r rnf u k e f ? arh a vsmh u k e f o l w d k Y o nf o m &S i f a eaomf v nf ; jzpfygonf/ aoonf rnf u k e f \ / vlw\ Ykd ud, k u f sio fh u d m© w&m;onf þb0vrf;pOfwiG f ta&; / þodaYk om jcm;em;rIukd jyufjyufxifxifoí d *gxm-23/ tBuD;qHk;aom tcef;u@wpf&yftjzpf yg0ifvsuf&Sdygonf/ rarhravsmhjcif;ü wnf&Sdukefaom ynm&SdwdkYonf rarhravsmhjcif;ü þvrf;pOfukd wnfaxmifazmfñeT ;f olrmS r[mu½kPmawmf&iS f &Tifvef;0rf;ajrmufMuukef\/ t&d,mwdkY\ usufpm;&m jzpfaom twkr&Sd q&mocifu vrf;ñTefrdefY>rufawmfrlcJhonfrSm? ]]ig\vrf;ñTef aAm"dyud©,w&m;ü arGUavsmfMuukef\/ oifMum;csufwdkYonf ,HkMunfvufcHMu&ef oufoufr[kwf? udk,fwdkif xdkynm&SdwdkYonf orxESihf 0dyóem bm0em&Sdukef\/ udkifpGJusihfoHk;Mu&efjzpfonf}} [k rdefYqdkawmfrlygonf/ udk,fpdwfESpfyg;jzihf jyKtyfaom vHkYvESihf tNrJjyif;xefaom xdv k rf;pOfukd vltaygif;wdt Yk m; vrf;ñTeo f ifMum;ay;onhaf e&m 0D&d,&Sdukef\/ wGif rdrw d v Ykd ufcu H sio fh ;kH Edik &f ef oiho f nf? roiho f nfukd ud, k w f ikd q f ;kH jzwf xd k Y a Mumih f taES m if t zG J U uif ; í twk r J h c srf ; omjzpf a om Edik Mf uap&eftwGu?f ¤if;vrf;ñTeo f ifMum;csurf sm;udk tjynht f 0em;vnf edAÁmef udk udk,fwkdifawGUxdcHpm;Muukef\/ atmif pl;prf;avhvmMu&ef ,if;oifMum;csufwdkYu wGef;tm;ay;vsuf (okwåEÅyd#u? ck'´uedum,? "r®y'ygVdawmf? tyÜrm'0*f? &Sdygonf/ þvrf;ñTefoifMum;csufwdkYudk OD;pGmaocsm*eavhvmí omrm0wD0w¬Kudk jrefrm-t*FvdyfESpfbmomjyefqdkazmfjytyfygonf/ ) oabmrayguf em;rvnfy?J xdv k rf;pOfukd vufc&H ef rnfou Yl rdk Q wku d w f eG ;f Nid r f ; csrf ; OD ; jcif;rjyKyg/ rvdkvm;tyfaom ½dk;&m"avhxHk;wrf;tpOftvmrsm;ESifh bmoma&;tpGef;a&muf usihfpOfrsm;t& 0wfjyKqkawmif;ylaZmfMujcif; aemuf a usmzk H ; rS rsm;? wd&pämefwdkY\ taoG;tom;rsm;jzihf ,pfylaZmfjcif;rsm; ponfwdkY as to clear their doubts. onf? þjrihjf rwfaom b0vrf;pOfwiG ?f t"dymÜ ,fuif;rJo h nfjzpfí pd;k pOf; According to the teacher of this way of life, one should rQyif ta&;rygEdkifMuyg/ þjrihfjrwfonhf b0vrf;pOfonf tpGJtvef; not believe anything merely because the founder of this noble BuD; t,lonf;vGef;aom ,HkMunfrIrsm;? taMumufw&m;BuD;olrsm;? method happened to be a great sages or because it had all along been traditionally accepted by many; but only by reasoning and obm0xufvGefuJpGm jyKrlaeolrsm;ESifh ½dk;pif;yGihfvif;rIr&Sd odk0SufvGef; aom a[majymoGefoifcsufrsm;udk vufcHtm;ay;jcif;rjyKyg/ common sense can one decide to accept it. This teacher also advises any one not to accept or to vlwo Ykd nf ,if;oGeo f ifcsurf sm;udk ud, k w f ikd u f , kd yf ikd t f odÓPf reject anything hastily on impulse but to investigate it thoroughly jzihf ydi k ;f jcm;pdwjf zmavhvmprf;ppfEikd &f eftwGuf vGwv f yfciG &hf MdS uygonf/ before coming to a final decision. xd k o d k Y qef ; ppf a vh v m&mrS jzpf a y:vmaom 'd G [ oH o ,rsm;ud k (To Be Continue) kd &f eftwGuv f nf; tjyefjyeftvSev f eS f ar;jref;pl;prf;Edik cf iG hf DhammaVira ThandarAung y,fazsmufEi ITBM University. Yangon. &SdMuygonf/ þb0-vrf;pOfudk oGefoifñTefjyMo0g'ay;awmfrlaom twk r&Sd q&m\tvdkt&? þjrihfjrwfaomvrf;pOfudk wnfaxmifolyk*¾dKvf onf BuD;us,fxif&Sm;aom ynm&SdBuD;jzpfaomaMumihfvnf;aumif;? tpOftvmtm;jzihf vlrsm;pGmwdkYu þvrf;pOfudk vufcHusihfaqmifcJhMu aomaMumifv h nf;aumif;? þonho f abmwdaYk Mumifv h w l pfO;D wpfa,muf vl r I t usd K ;jyK atmif N id r f ; csrf ; uk o d k v f j zpf a q;cef ; onf rnfonht f aMumif;t&mudrk Q tuef;,Hk t&rf;,Hk r,HMk unfoihaf y/ atmifNidrf;csrf; rdk;ukwf0dyóem"r®&dyfom tzGJUcGJ qifjcifwHkw&m;ESifh yifudk,ftodÓPfwdkYjzihf pdppfa0zefNyD;rSomvQif trSwf (365) þvrf;pOfudk vufcH&efqHk;jzwfEkdifygonf/ ½Icif;om&yfuGuf? omauwNrdKUe,f? &efukefwkdif;a'oBuD;/ taMumif;udpöwpfpHkwpfckudk pdwfvdkvuf&tvsifpvdk vufcH zkef;- 559528 jcif;? odkYr[kwf jiif;y,fjcif;rjyKrlyJ? aocsm*eaphaphpyfpyf ydkif;jcm;pdwf jzm avhvmpdppfNy;D rSom aemufq;kH tqH;k tjzwfukd csrw S &f ef? þñTeMf um; tywf p Of p aeaeY ol q&mocif u vl o m;taygif ; wd k Y t m; tB u H a y;awmf rlcJhygonf/ aeYv,f 1;00 em&DrS - 3;00 em&Dxd aq;0g;ukoEkdifygonf/ (quf v uf a zmf j yygrnf / ) aq;0g;ypönf;vSL'gef;vdkolrsm; vSL'gef;Edkifygonf/ "r® 0 D & - oEÅ m atmif zkef;- 559528


DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES "r®0D&onf vkHhvjynfh0jcif;ESifh wnfMunf&J&ifhjcif;ukd jyqkdonf/

t&d,mpcef; r*fwufvrf; q&mawmf O D ; eE´ ( rEÅ a v;)

,cif t ywf r S t quf ½k y f e mrf t aygif ; tpk jzpf y suf ½ I & ef ½k y f e mrf w k Y d \ taygif ; tpk v k d u f oEÅwdtpOftwef;Ceukd ykdif;jzwfíç ykdif;jzwf í ½Iacs&efuawmh ESmoD;zsm;u apmihf\/ 0if av wpf½LS ukd xdçod wpfcsuw f nf;,lvQif xdçod ½kyfemrftwGuf wpfpkHom&\/ xGufavwpf ½Idufukd xdçodwpfcsufom,lvQif xdçod ½kyfemrf wpf p k H o m&\/ tu,f í 0if a vuk d p í ½SLvkdufonfESihf xdodç xdodç xdod [k ÓPfESihf pdyfí (ydkif;í) ,lvQif xdod½kyfemrftpkHuav; awG (3ç4)ck &\/ þuJo h Ykd ESmoD;zsm;uapmihí f 0ifavwpf½SLü xdod½kyfemrftpkH (4)csuf/ xG u f a vwpf ½ I d u f ü vnf ; xd o d ½ k y f e mrf t pk H (4)csufwdkYonf uGJíxGufvmatmif avhusihf yg/ yxrpí jzpfay:vmaom xdodysufoGm; NyD;rS aemufxdod jzpfysuf aemufxdodjzpfysuf [k ½SLavvnf; qk;H oGm;a&m xdo(d 4)csuv f nf; ukefoGm;a&m/ xGufavüvnf; þtwdkif;yif ½I&rnfjzpfonf/ þuJhodkY ½kyfemrftpkHav; awGonf tqihfqihfay:vmNyD; tqihfqifh ysufokOf;oGm;onfukdjrifatmif ÓPfESihf½Ijcif; ukv d nf; ½kyef mrfoEÅwt d pOfudk Ceausatmif ½Iacsonf[kac:\/ cE¨mukd,f½IuGif;wGif;ü ajy;ovdjk zpfaeaom ½kyrf eI t f pOftwef;uav; awGudkvnf; ydkif;íç ykdif;ç jzpfysuf½Iyg/ ½k y f C eacs&ef cE¨muk, d w f iG ;f rSm ay:vmaom ylwm ukd a&SUylwmESihf aemufylwmukd ÓPfESihfykdif;íç ykdif;í jzpfysuf½Iyg/ aemuf awmihfwif;wmç ,m;wmç emusifukdufcJwm [loíwdkYukdvnf; a&SUESihfaemufukd ÓPfESihfykdif;ç ykdif;NyD; jzpfysuf ½Iyg/ emrf C eacs&ef a&S;OD;pGm emrfcsnfhoufoufukd Ce

acs&ef rjzpfEkdifao;yg/ ½kyfjzpfysufESifhwGJí emrfvnf; jzpfysu[ f k ½I&ygOD;rnf/ Oyrm- xdçod ½kyfESihfemrfwdkYwGJí jzpfysuf½Iovdk ½l&if;u ½kyfukdvTwfxm;cJhNyD; emrfjzpfysufcsnf;[k tm½Hk jyKwwfvmrSom emrfcsnfhjzpfysuf½Iyg/ (aemuf cE¨mudk,fwpfckvHk;u vIyfvIyf &G&Gjzpfysuf uav;awG u d k y if tod e mrf u av;awG \ jzpfysuf[k ½kyfukdOmPfESifh emrfajymif;ívnf; jzpfysuf½Iacsyg/) cE¨ m (5)yg; Oyrm cE¨ m (5)yg;wk d Y u d k ½I a wmh r nf j zpf aomtcg a&S;OD;pGmodxm;&rnfh Oyrmum; i½kwfç MuufoGefç qDç qm;ç tcsOf&Guf(5)rsKd;ukd aygif ; ícsuf x m;aomtcg pyf c sOf [ if ; ü qm;&JU t&omukd odví dk jrnf;Munhaf omtcg qm;&JU t&omukd awGU&ouJhokdYvnf;aumif;? MuufoGef&JUt&omukd tm½kHjyKí jrnf;Munhf aomtcg MuufoGef&JUt&omukd awGU&ouJh odkYvnf;aumif;? þtaygif;tpkjzpfaom cE¨m (5)yg;ü rdrd½Ivdkaom cE¨m(1)yg;yg;ukd ÓPfü awGUívmatmif cGJí ½IEkdif&rnfjzpfonf/ (cE¨m[lonf taygif;tpkukd ac:onf/) cE¨ m ig;yg;½I & ef cE¨mig;yg;um; = ½kyf? a0'em? onm? ocFg&? 0dnmOfwdkYjzpfonf/ cE¨m(5)yg;wkdYwGif ½kycf E¨mu (1)yg;/ emrfcE¨mu 4 yg;wdjYk zpfonf/ ½k y f ( 28)yg;onf ½l y u© E ¨ m rnf \ / a0'emapwodufonf a0'emu©E¨mrnf\/ onmapwod u f o nf onmu© E ¨ m rnf \ / a0'emonmrS <uif;aom apwoduf(50) ocFg&u©E¨mrnf\/ pdwf(89)onf 0dnmePm u©E¨m rnf\/ þodkYvQif cE¨m(5)yg;jzpf\/ ½l y u© E ¨ m ½I & ef ylwm? at;wm? ,m;wm? emwm? awmihw f if;wm? uku d cf w J m pwJh "gwfwpfyg;yg; cE¨mukd,fay: ay:aygufvmcJhaomf xkd"gwfukd a&SUjzpfysuf aemufjzpfysuf ÓPfESihfykdif;í½Iyg/ avhusihfyg/ cE¨mukd,fNcKHUMunhfae&if;u ylwm ay:vmvQif a&SUylwmESifh aemufqufíçqufí ylaewmukd ykdif;í ykdif;í jzpfysuf½Iyg/ þuhJodkY yJ tjcm;b,f"gwfyaJ y:ay: a&SUeJaY emuf ykid ;f í jzpfysuf½Iyg/ (ray:wJh"gwfukd&Smí ½Irae&yg)/ cE¨mukd,fukdNcKHUí acgif;? cg;? ajc? vuf? j'yfwdkukd vTwfí cE¨mukd,fwGif;u yl?

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at;? ,m;? em? awmihfwif; pwJh "gwfawGcsnf; uGufí jrifatmif½IMunhfaeyg/ j'yfawGvTwfí ½IMunfhygrsm;aomtcg yl? at;? ,m;? em? awmihfwif;wdkYonf wjznf;jznf;ESihf ay:vkduf aysmufvkduf jzpfívmvdrfhrnf/ 'gukd qufí NcKHMunhfíaeaomtcg yl? at;? ,m;? em? awmihfwif;wdkYonf &Sdef&Sdefokwfokwf vIyfvIyf wdkYjzpfum CeausíoGm;vdrfhrnf/ 'gukdyif NcKHUí ½IMunhfaeygav/ a0'emu© E ¨ m ½I & ef a0'emonf okca0'em? 'kua© 0'em? Oayu©ma0'em [lí (3)yg;/ wpfenf;- okc a0'em? 'kua© 0'em? aomreóa0'em? a'gre óa0'em? Oayu©ma0'em[lí 5 yg;jzpfonf/ okca0'em- tm½kHukd aumif;ojzihf cHpm;jcif;/ 'kua© 0'em- tm½ku H dk raumif;ojzihf cHpm;jcif;/ aomreóa0'em- tm½kHukd qif;&J ojzihf cHpm;jcif;/ Oayu©ma0'em- tm½kHukd (tm;rpkdufbJ) vpfvsL½Iojzihf cHpm;jcif;wdkY jzpfMuygonf/ a0'em- cH p m;qk d w m a0'emonf tm½k\ H t&omukd cHpm; wmqkdwm[m- csKd? csOf? ief? pyf aygif;í csufxm;aom[if;xJüygaom qm;\t&om uk d awG U &atmif [ k yxrawmh wd k Y w d k Y N yD ; jrnf;Munhfae\/ aemuf wjznf;jznf;usawmh iefwhJt&om[m wjcm;aom csKd? csOf? pyf? zef t&omwdkYxuf txl;xif&Sm;pGm awGUvm &wJ h o abmrsKd ; uk d y if tm½k H \ t&omuk d cHpm;onf [k ac:&\/ (tm½Hk\t&omukd xif&Sm;oxufxif&Sm;atmif ,ljcif;ukdyif cHpm;onf[k ac:&\) 'ghaMumihf þ½I&mü uawmh a,m*D w d k Y \ ÓPf ü tvG , f w ul ½I E k d i f r nf j zpf a omtm½k H w d k Y \ t&omuk d cH p m;aom a0'em\jzpf y suf E S i h f aumif ; raumif;- tm½kHwkdY\jzpfysufukdom ½I&rnf jzpfygonf/ ok c a0'em- cE¨ m uk d , f ü &moD O wk tpm tm[m&wkdY\ nDñTwfjcif;aMumihf jzpfay:í vmaom t&omukdvnf;aumif;? cE¨mukd,fü aumif;aomxdawGUrIwdkYaMumihf jzpfay:ívm aom t&omudkvnf;aumif; cHpm;aom okc a0'emukd jrifatmifMunhí f jzpfysu½f yI g/ tm½kH wdkY\jzpfysufukdvnf; ½Iyg/ 'ku©a0'em- cE¨mukd,fü raumif;aom&moD Owk tpmtm[m&wdkYaMumifh jzpfay:ívm aom t&omudkvnf;aumif;? cE¨mukd,fü raumif;aomawGUxdrw I aYkd Mumifh jzpfay:ívm aom t&omukdvnf;aumif; cHpm;aom 'ku©


DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES

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"r®0D&onf avmuD avmukwå&mtusKd;ESpfyg;twGuf jzpfonf/

a0'emukd jzpfysuf½Iyg/ Oayu©ma0'em- ig\cE¨mukd,fü &SdMuukef aom ½kyf? emrf? vIyf&GjzpfysufwdkYonf igu ½Ionfjzpfap? r½Ionfjzpfap? olYtvkdvkdukdu jzpfysufukefqkH;íaeMuojzihf igonf tm;pkduf í r½IawmhbJ olYtvkdvkd jzpfysufukefqkH;ukd od½kHomodaeawmhtHh[k tvkdufoifh od½kHom odaeyg/ tjyifavmuü &SdMuukefaom vl? acG;? EGm;? opfyif? awm? awmif? a&? ajr? ork'´&m? &moDOwk paom ½kyfemrfwdkYonf vnf; igu tm½kHjyKonfjzpfap? rjyKonfjzpf ap olYtvkdvdkukdu tNrJrjywf jzpfysufukefqkH; í aeMuayonfwum;[k wpfcgwpfcg tm½kH jyKjyKay;ygav/ onmu© E ¨ m ½I & ef onmonf tm½kHukd xyfcgxyfcg odEkdif&ef rSwfom;xm;jcif;oabmjzpfonf/ trd0rf;u uRwfí odwwfpuwnf;u rSwfrd rIukd avhusifhívmcJh&ayonf/ onmt&m um; us,f0ef;vSay\/ þum; ckdif\? þum; NrJ\? þum; rysufpD;Ekdif tNrJwnf\ rSwfxm; [kvnf;aumif;? þum; aumif;\? þum; vS y wih f w ,f \ rS w f x m;[k v nf ; aumif ; ? avmuork w d y nwf w d k Y u k d rS w f r d a tmif [ k oifMum;xm;&\/ xkdavmuorkwdynwfjzpf aom ckid \ f ? Nr\ J ? aumif;\wdo Yk nfum; tcdu k f twefo Y m ckid jf cif;? NrjJ cif;? wnfwjhH cif;? aumif; jcif;wdkYom jzpfMuygukef\/ wu,fhtckdiftNrJ aumif;jcif;wdYk r[kwMf uyg/ odaYk omfvnf; 'Dcidk f \? NrJ\? aumif;\wdkYESihfum; aeYpOfESihftrQ tNrJwap tokH;jyKae&ojzihf pdwfü wu,fh tckdifBuD;? tNrJBuD;? taumif;BuD;[k pl;epfí aeavawmh\/ 'ghaMumihf rdrd\ ½kyfemrfcE¨m BuD;onfyif rysufpD;Ekdifao;[k a,mifrSm;av awmh\/ y&rw¦e,fajrrSmawmif wu,fhrNrJ wJh tedpöukd edpö[kvnf;aumif;? wu,fhqif;&J wJh 'ku©ukd okc[kvnf;aumif;? wu,fhtESpf r&SdwJh ½kyfemrftewåukd tESpf&SdwJh ckdifNrJwJhtwå [kvnf;aumif;? wu,hfqif;&JwJh 'ku©ukd okc [kvnf;aumif; trSwfrSm;avawmh\/ trSwf rSm;awmh todvnf; rSm;jyefawmh\/ todrSm; awmh t,ltjrifvnf; rSm;&jyefawmh\/ þuJh odkY trSwfrSm;? todrSm; t,ltrSm;wdkYaMumifh b0oHo&mqif;&JBu;D wko Yd nf qk;H pr&Sd us,yf mG ; &avukefawmh\/ onm½I&ef- rdrd\½kyfemrft&Sdudk ighukd,fBuD; [k todjzpfvkdufonfESihf onmtvdrfrdonf

[k odvkdufyg/ ½kyfemrft&Sdukd ½kyfemrf[k tod rjzpfbJ olb,foyl ?J b,f0gyJ[k todjzpfvu dk f onfESifh onmvdrfrdonf[k odxm;vdkufyg/ ½kyfemrfwdkY\rNrJjcif; tedpöukd edpö[k ½kyfemrfwdkY \ jzpfysufqif;&J 'ku©ukd okc[k ½kyfemrfwdkY\ tESpfr&Sdí jzpfysufukefqkH; tewåukd tESpf&Sd wJh twå[k ½kyfemrfwdkY\ tNrJrjywf azmufjyef aeaom rwihfw,faom tokbukd wihfw,f aom okb[k tjrifrSm;jcif;wdkYukd jrifatmif Munhfí onm\trSwfrSm;jcif;aMumifh 0dnmOf \ todrSm; 'd|d\tjrifrSm;jcif;wdkY jzpfMu& onf[k ½Iyg/ ocF g &u© E ¨ m ½I & ef pdwf(89)u tm½kHukdodjcif;? &,ljcif; vu©Pm wpfyg;wnf;om&Sd\/ apwoduf (52)u pdwEf iS w fh , JG OS í f rdrw d \ Ykd toD;oD;aom vu©Pmjzihf txl;xl;tjym;jym;aom tm½kH wdkYukd cHpm;jcif;? rSwfom;jcif;? jyKjyifjcif;? jc,fvS,fjcif;? trTrf;wifjcif;wdkYukd jyKvkyfMu ukef\/ 'hgaMumihf a0'em onmEIwf usef apwoduf(50)wdkYonf ocFg&u©E¨mrnf\/ ocF g &u© E ¨ m ½I & ef = tvk y f o rm; acgif;aqmifwpfa,mufonf ol\tvkyo f rm; rsm;ukd xMua[h tvkyfvkyfMu&atmif[k aqmfMoí olvnf; twlwl0ifa&muf tvkyf vkyfouJhodkY xkdYtwl ocFg&u©E¨mü tBuKH;0if aom a0'em onm<uif;aom apwodu(f 50) wk d Y w G i f y gaom apwemapwod u f o nf ,SOzf ufapwoduw f EYkd iS w fh uG pdwjf zpfEidk af tmif EId;aqmfwkdufwGef; 0kdif;0ef;jyKvkyfay;Mu\/ 'ghaMumihf aumif;aompdwf apwodufwdkYjzpf ay:vmonf E S i h f aqmf M owk d u f w G e f ; aom apwemapwoduu f dk jrifatmifMunhí f ocFg& u©E¨m ocFg&u©E¨m[k ½Iyg/ pdwfodjcif;vu©PmwpfrsKd;om &Sd onf/ avmbapwodufESihf aygif;,SOf&rS avmbpdwf[kvnf;aumif;? a'goapwoduf ESihf aygif;,SOf&rS a'gopdwf[k? rmeapwoduf ESifh aygif;,SO&f rS rmepdw[ f ?k £ómapwoduf ESihfaygif;,SOf&rS £ómpdwf[k? rpä&d,ap wodufESihf aygif;,SOf&rS rpä&d,pdwf? o'¨g apwodufESihf aygif;,SOf&rS o'¨gpdwf[k vnf; aumif;? pdwfESihfapwoduf(50) þtwdkif; aygif;,SOfí jzpfMu&\/ 'ghaMumifh avmbjzpfvQif avmb jzpfysuf? a'gojzpfvQif a'gojzpfysuf? rme jzpfvQif rmejzpfysuf? o'¨gjzpfvQif o'¨gjzpf ysuf? ynmjzpfvQif ynmjzpfysuf ponfjzihf

pdwfrSmay:vmwkdif; jzpfysuf½Iyg/ (apwoduf wdkYukd tukef½I&rnf[k r[kwfyg/ rdrdpdwfü xif&Sm;vmaom apwodufwdkYukdom rvGwf wrf;½IEkdifzkdYom vkd&if;jzpfygonf/) 0d n mPmu© E ¨ m ½I & ef 0dnmPmu©E¨m½I&efuawmh jrifwm [loíukd odw,fç odw,f/ Mum;w,f[líukd odw,fç odw,f/ eHwm[loíukd odw,fç odw,f/ csKd? csOf? ief? pyf t&om[loíukd odw,fç odw,f/ cE¨mukd,fü odwm[lonf wdkYukdvnf; odw,fç odw,f[k 'Gg& (6)yg;u xif&Sm;wm[loíwdkYukd odw,fç odw,fcsnf; vkdufí ½IrSwfyg/ þum; pdwf(89)? apwoduf (52)? ½kyf (28)taygif;tpkwdkYukd cE¨m(5)yg; cGJí zGJUjyjcif; ½I&jcif;jzpfonf/ pdwf? apwoduf? ½kyfwdkYonf wpfvkH; jcif;uawmh rjzpfEkdif? qkdif&mç qkdif&m taygif; tpkvu dk o f m jzpfEidk Mf uuke\ f / Oyrm cE¨muk, d f ü xdvkdufonfESihf todemrfuav;yg uyfí vkdufvmNyD/ xdwmu ½kyf? odwmu emrf[k ½kyf? emrf(1)pkH jzpfawmh\/ xkd½kyf? emrf (1)pkH ukd cE¨mcGí J zGUJ vku d af omf ½kyu f ½lyu©Em¨ ? emrfü ygaom oAÁpdwåom"m&um apwoduf (7)yg; wdkYwGif a0'emapwodufonf a0'emu©E¨m rnf\/ onmapwodufonf onmu©E¨m rnf\/ a0'emonmrS<uif;aom apwoduf (5)yg;onf ocFg&u©Em¨ rnf\/ pdwo f nf 0dnm Pmu©E¨mrnf\/ þodkY xdç odü cE¨m(5)yg; jzpfawmh\/ þtwkdif;yif apwoduf,SOfí jzpfwmu twlwljzpfonhftwGuf jrifodü cE¨m(5)yg;/ Mum;odü cE¨m(5)yg;/ eHodü cE¨m (5)yg;/ vsufodü cE¨m(5)yg;/ þodkY jrifç Mum;ç eHç pm;ç xdwdkYü cE¨m(5)yg;pD jzpfawmh\/ twå ' d | d ç ouú m ,'d | d þodkY ½kyfukd ½kyfrSef;od/ a0'emukd a0'emrSef;od/ onmukd onmrSef;od/ ocFg& ukd ocFg&rSef;od/ 0dnmPfukd 0dnmPfrSef;od awmh bmtusKd;&SdovJ/ ½kyfudk ig[k? a0'emukd ig[k? onmukd ig[k? ocFg&ukd ig[k? 0dnmOfukd ig[k pG, J al om twå'|d t d jrifrmS ;ukd y,fNy;D om; jzpfoGm;awmh\/ aemuf ½kyfemrf(2)yg;? cE¨m (5)yg; t&S d w &m;uk d igç ol w pf y g;aom a,musfm;? rdef;r[k ynwfukd pGJNidíjzpfaom ouúm,'d|d tjrifrSm;ukdvnf; y,fcGgNyD;om; jzpfoGm;jyefawmh\/ xdç od ½kyfemrf(2)yg;ukd awGUodvkduf onfESihf þcE¨mukd,fwGif;ü toufaumif? 0dnmOfaumif? twåaumifonf r&S?d ½kyEf iS efh mrf


DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES "r®0D&onf b0&SifoefrIudk trSefuefqHk;azmfaqmif&ef jzpfonf/ om &Sdonf[laom tjrifrSefukd&\/ ½kyfç emrf(2)yg;? cE¨m (5)yg;wkdY\ jzpfjcif;? ysufjcif;wdkYukd ÓPfrSmjrifvkdufonf ESihf cE¨mukd,f½kyfBuD;uom ysufpD;í cE¨mukd,f wGif;u twåaumifuawmh rysufpD;bJ cE¨m tdrf topftopfodkY ajymif;íaeayonf[l aom oów'd|d tjrifrSm;rS vGwfajrmuf awmh\/ owå0gwdo Yk nf jA[®m? odMum; ponf rsm;u zefqif;íjzpfvmMuonfr[kwf? rdrdjyK aom uHaMumihfom b0topf topfawG onf jzpfvm&ayonf[laom ur®óuwm or®m'd|d (uHç uH\tusKd;ukd ,kHMunfaom) ÓPftjrifudkvnf; &vkdufua&m aovQif jywfpJ\/ aemufxyf bmrSrjzpf[laom Oapä' 'd|d tjrifrSm;rSvnf; vGwfawmh\/ þodkY ½kyfç emrf (2)yg;? cE¨m(5)yg;wkYdukd cGJí½I&jcif;aMumifh tjrifrSm;'d|d trsKd;rsKd;wdkYukd y,fEkdif\/ NyD;vQif r*fÓPf? zkv d Ó f Pf? edAmÁ efwidk af tmif wufvrS ;f Ekdifawmh\/ cE¨m (5)yg;ukd ½I&mü(5)yg;pvkH;ukd pkHatmif½IEkdifrnfr[kwfyg/ rdrdÓPfü (1)yg; xifvQif (1)yg;? (2)yg;xifvQif (2)yg; ponf jzihf xif&Sm;atmif½Iyg/ ½kyfç emrfwdkY\ b0qufykH 'dkY ,ck&xm;wJh 'D½kyfç emrfcE¨mBuD; [m vGecf w hJ b hJ 0u rdrjd yKcahJ omuHt&Sed af Mumifh 'DbufrmS ½kyçf emrf (1)pkH píjzpfNy;D onfEiS fh ysuçf jzpfysuf-jzpfysufESihf 'Db0qkH;onfhwdkifatmif jzpfysufESihfoGm;í 'Db0qkH;onfESihf uHt&Sdef aMumifh [kdbufb0ukdoGm;í ½kyfçemrf(1)pkH pí jzpfNyD;onfESihf ysufç jzpfysuf-jzpfysufESihf oGm; avOD;/ 'DuJhodkY- ½kyfç emrfwdkYonf wpfb0ESihf wpfb0 jzpfysufjzihf ul;qufMuavukefawmh \/ pd w f E S i h f a pwod u f w d k Y pdwfonf tm½kHukdodjcif;? &,ljcif; vu©Pm&Sd\/ ,SOfíjzpfaom apwodufwdkYukd acgif;aqmifjcif;tvkyu f dk vky\ f / odaYk omfvnf; pdwf[m olYcsnfhuawmh rjzpfEkdif/ apwoduf wdu Yk 0kid ;f 0ef;ulnMD urSom jzpfEidk \ f / apwoduf wdkYuvnf; olwdkYcsnfhusawmh rjzpfEkdif/ pdwfudk rSD&rS om jzpfEkdifMuukef\/ þodkY pdwfE Si hf apwodufwdkYonf wpfckESihfwpfck rSDíjzpfMu ukef\/ rdrd\cE¨mukd,fwGif;u vIyfvIyfjzKwf jzKwfESihf jzpfysufuav;awGukdyif todemrf uav;awG[k ÓPfEiS fh ajymif;í ajymif;í ½Iyg/ aemuf todemrfuav;awG\ jzpfysuf½Iyg/ þtqih f o nf ud a vomyg;í ÓPf t m; aumif;aeNyDjzpfí tbd"r®mw&m;awmfrsm;ukd

em;vnfav aumif;avjzpfyg\/ 0DxdpOf\ oabmrsm;ukd em;vnfav omíaumif;yg\/ 'G g &(6)yg; ½I & ef 1/ rsufpdtMunfukd tjyifu ½lyg½kH tqif;u wkdufcwfí jrifodpdwfjzpfay:vm \/ rsufpdtMunf½kyf jzpfysuftjyifu ½lyg½kH vnf; jzpfysu/f jrifopd w d u f av;vnf; jzpfysuf [k wpfckjcif; jzpfysufvnf; ½IEkdifonf/ (3)yg; pvkH; jzpfysufvnf; ½IEkdifonf/ 2/ em;twGi;f u tMunf½yk u f dk toH wkdufcwfí Mum;odpdwfuav; jzpfay:vm\/ em;twGi;f u tMunf½yk u f v dk nf;aumif;? toH ukdvnf;aumif;? Mum;odpdwfukdvnf;aumif;? wpfckjcif;aomfvnf;aumif;? (3)yg;vkH;aomf vnf;aumif; jzpfysuf½Iyg/ 3/ ES m acgif ; ayguf q k H & mü&S d a om tMunf½kyfukd teHYwkdufcwfí eHodpdwfuav; jzpfay:vm\/ ESmacgif;twGif;u tMunf½kyf udkvnf;aumif;? teHY½kyfudkvnf;aumif;? eHod pdwfudkvnf;aumif; jzpfysuf½Iyg/ (3)yg;pvkH; pkHatmifvnf; ½IEkdifygonf/ 4/ vQmtvnfü MumyGifhoEÅmef&Sd aom tMunf½kyfukd csKdç csOfç ief? pyf &o"gwf \ t&omodpdwfuav;ay: jzpfysuf½IEkdifyg onf/ 5/ cE¨mukd,fu um,tMunfukd xdawGU"gwfxcd yfí jzpfay:vmaom xdopd w d f ukd jzpfysuf½Iyg/ (3)yg;pkHatmif ½IEkdifu ½Iyg/ 6/ raemb0iftMunfukd (yom'? okckr? pdwf? apwoduf? edAÁmef? ynwf) "r®m½kH wdkYwkdufí jzpfay:vmaom awG;awmBuHpdwf wdkYukd wpfckjcif; jzpfysuf (3)ckpvkH; pkHatmif ½IEkdifu ½Iyg/ ,HudÍödork',"r®H oAÁHwH eda&m" "r®EÅd jzpfjcif;[lorQwdkYonf csKyfqkH;jcif; om tqkH;&SdMuayukef\vdkY qkdwJhtwkdif; cE¨m uk, d w f iG ;f ½IuiG ;f wGi;f wküYd &SMd uukeaf om ½SLav? ½IdufavESihfwuG ½kyfjzpfysuf? emrfjzpfysuf azmufjyefr[ I o l íwdu Yk dk ÓPfEiS fh tm;vk;H aygif; NcKHí olYtvkdvkd azmufjyefysufpD;í ukefqkH; ukefqkH;[k rvGwfwrf; Munhf½kHom Munhfaeyg av/ ol Y t vk d v k d azmuf j yef y suf p D ; uk d tvku d o f ihNf cKí H Munhaf e&if;u ½Iuu G u f dk tvkd vkd ajymif;íajymif;í jrifaewmonf ÓPf wufíaejcif;jzpfonf/ tu,fí NcKHí½Izef rsm;vmaomtcg ÓPfrwufbJjzpfí pdwfysHU vGifhrIrsm;vmwwf\/ 'Dtcg pdwfudkrqJG&? rxdef;&/ tjyifavmurSm&SdMuwJh vl? acG;? EGm;?

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opfyif? awm? awmif? a&? ajr? ork'´&mwdkY\ twGif;rSmvnf; ig\cE¨mukd,fwGif;u vIyf&G jzpfysufawGuJhodkY jzpfysufawGcsnhfyJ[k jzefYí jzefYí ½Iay;yg/ ½Ipdwfu cE¨mukd,fukd jyefí uyfvmrSom NcKH½Iaeyg/ zvormywf 0 if p m;&mü zvormywf0ifpm;jcif;onf olawmfpifrsm; rdrdwdkY&aom vufiif; csrf;om jzihf aejcif;jzpfonf/ ('d|"r®okc0d[m&[k ac:\) zvormywfu pifMu,faomzvESihf rpif Mu,f a omzv[k (2)rsKd ; &S d \ / ,ck þpma&; ol usih f c J h a om usih f p Of o nf rpifMu,faom zkdvfudk 0ifpm;EkdifaomusihfpOf jzpfonf/ 0dyóem½IcJhpOfwkef;u pdwfjzpf&mü ygaom cPduorm"djzihf ½IcJhaomaMumihf jzpfonf/ rdrdwdkYqdkif&m w&m;xl;&NyD;onfESihf zdkvf0ifpm;Ekdifatmif avhusihfxm;&ayonf/ tu,f í (9-10) &uf t xd r0if p m;bJ ypfxm;vQif awmf awmfEiS fh jyefír0ifpm;Ekid yf g/ 0if p m;csif v Qif 0d y óemÓPf t m;aumif ; vmatmif (3-4) &ufavmuf tm;xkwfNyD;rS om BuKd ; Mum; BuKd ; Mum; 0if p m;Ek d i f j cif ; jzpf w wf o nf / t&d , m jzpf N yD ; om;yk * ¾ K d v f uawmh zvormywfr0ifpm;Ekdifayr,fhvdkY t&d , mw&m;uawmh aysmuf r oG m ;yg/ t&d,m[m t&d,mygyJ/ ed*kH; þpmtkyfukd tqkH;owfygawmhr,f/ 'óey[mwAÁr*fESihf bm0emy[mwAÁr*fwdkY ukd ol½Y u I u G Ef iS o fh l olcY sKyyf EHk iS o fh w l u Ykd dk toD;oD; uGjJ ym;atmif cGjJ cm;íawmh a&;cJyh gNy/D 'gayr,hf q&mh x H vuf x yf e nf ; cH í tm;xk w f wmavmufawmh vG,fvG,fulul tqifrajy Ekdifyg/ q&meJYqkdawmh q&mu ppfaq;vkduf jyifay;vkdufESihfqkdawmh tcuftcJenf;NyD; atmifjrifEkdifygonf/ 'gawmifrS 'Dbm0em y[mwAÁ txuf r *f o k H ; yg;wd k Y \ tyd k i f ; u tif r wef o d r f a rG U pl ; &S a om usef t Ek o , udavomwdkYukd y,fowf&rnfjzpfí yg&rD uHtm;? ÓPftm;? 0D&d,tm;? usihftm; odyf vkdygonf/ pmtkyfukdMunhfNyD; tm;xkwfrnhf olrsm;uawmh usihfpOfA[kokwtiftm; odyf vdkygonf/ 'ghaMumifh q&mhq&mrsm; a&;awmf rlMuaom usifhpOfpmtkyfrsm;ukd rsm;rsm;zwf xm;yg/ 'DtcsdefrSm pdwf? apwoduf? ½kyf? tbd"r®mw&m;wdkYukd avhvmEkdifav? aumif; avjzpfyg\/ txl;ojzihf rdrd\cE¨mwGif;u ½kyfemrfwdkY\ tcsdefra&G; aMumif;usKd;qufpyf pmrsuf E S m 32 ok d Y


DHAMMA VIRA FOR YOUTHS

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"r®0D&onf b0&SifoefrI y"meukdy,fí tukokdvfuif;aom &SifoefrItwGufjzpfonf/

usufxm;aom Oya'xJrygí trIyvyfvdkuf&onfh ES,f cifoZl mjrihf

tpd;k &wyfu u&ifoyl ek w f v Ykd ufxrJ S jzL;NrKd Uudk jyefvnford ;f ydu k Nf y;D aemuf q&mawmf u rdrd\ ausmif;wdkufudk pmoifwdkuftjzpf zGihfvSpf&ef rdrd\vufaxmufwynhfBuD;(3)yg; ESihf wkdifyifNyD; wpfyg;u wdkuftkyf? wpfyg;u qGrf;pm;ausmif;bkef;BuD;ponf wm0efcGJNyD; pmoifwu kd f pnf;urf;rsm;a&;qGo J nf/ xdaYk emuf jzL;Nrd K Uywf 0 ef ; usif t oD ; oD ; &S d &G m rsm;rS ausmif;om; ud&k ifrsm;udk vufcí H pmoifwu kd f pwifzGihfvSpfcJhonf/ pmoifwdkuf pwifzGifhvSpfcgpjzpfí &[ef;uenf;onf? ausmif;om;? udk&ifuom rsm;onf/ wpfaeYwGif xdkq&mawmfBuD;tyg t0if wdkuftkyfpmcsq&mawmfrsm;yg ausmfvS BuD;&GmtvSLodkY nOfhtdyf<uMu&onf/ qGrf;pm; ausmif;bkef;BuD;u oabmaumif;í ausmif; Oya'udk wif;wif;usyfusyfrudkif avQmhavQmh aygY a ygY u d k i f w wf o nf u d k od x m;Muaom ausmif;om;ud&k ifwo Ykd nf aeYvnfbufqrG ;f pm; ausmif;bke;f Bu;D used ;f aepOf Oykoaf eY pm0gvnf; r&SdMuojzihf ausmif;taemufbuf v,fuGuf xJü ausmif;om; udk&ifwdkY [kdbufonfbuf vlcGJNyD; abmvHk;uefupm;Muonf/ xdkonfudk qGrf;pm;ausmif; bkef;BuD; OD;ÓPdutm; uyd, Ü Bu;D OD;vSu avQmufxm; ojzih f OD ; ÓPd u od í ausmif ; om; udk&ifrsm;udkac:í ppfaq;onf/ ]rif;wdYk wpfawGausmif;pnf;usi0fh wf udkazmufzsufNyD; omoemh0efxrf;ESihf roihf awmfwJh abmvHk;uef upm;wJhtvkyfudk jyKvkyf upm;Muw,f? tjypf&Sdovm;? r&Sdbl;vm;[k ar;&m oGufvufcsufcsmNyD; q&mawmfBuD;\ a0,sm0pö u d k jyKvk y f a y;aeMuaom ud k & if 0PÖdwu]q&mawmfBu;D qH;k rMo0g' ay;xm;wJh ausmif;wdkufpnf;urf;xJrSmawmh abmvHk;

ruef&qdkwJh Oya' rawGUrdygbk&m; Oya' rygvdkY wynhfawmfwkdY upm;wmygbk&m;} ]at; at; 0PÖdw rif;ajymwmvJ rSefwmbJ? ausmif;wdkufOya'pnf;urf;xJrSm 'Dtcsufrygbl;? 'gayr,fh 'Dupm;rI[m roihf awmfbl;? orP om½kyÜrjzpfbl;? 'Dpnf;rsOf; Oya'xyfxnhfzdkY igq&mawmfudk avQmufOD; r,f} [k rdefYMum;NyD;tjypfu vTwfvdkufonf/ ausmif;om;udk&ifrsm;onfvnf; udk&if0PÖdw udkMunhfum aysmfwNyHK;NyHK;ESihf jyefoGm;Muonf/ q&mawmf jyef < uvmaomtcg xd k u d p ö r sm;ud k qG r f ; pm;ausmif ; bk e f ; BuD ; u q&mawmftm; avQmufxm;onf/ ]xdktcg q&mawmfu naeMo0g' ay;pOf tif; ÓPduuawmhuG,f? wynhfawG udk &[ef;vlxGuf w&m;olBuD;u Oya'xJ rygvdkY trIyvyfvdkufonfqdkwmrsKd;vdk jzpfae oud;k uGUJ } [k rdeMYf um;Ny;D qufvufred MYf um;onf rSm ]at; a&S ; u &[ef ; vl x G u f wpf a ,muf u cH k a wmf a rmif u sbrf ; wd k Y v k d uif;0efrif;Bu;D wdv Yk kd w&m;"r®owfawG oifMum; NyD; bk&ifw&m;olBuD;vkyfrnfqdkNyD; yd#uwf pmayawGukd rusurf w S af wmhbJ "r®owfvyk x f ;kH vkyfenf;awG Oya'awGudk tvGwf&atmif usufrSwfxm;owJh? ]Oya'awG? "r®owfawGtvGwf& atmif u suf r S w f N yD ; awmh vl Y b 0ajymif ; NyD ; pmrsuf E S m 31 rS í jzpfaerIwdkYudkvnf;aumif;? y|mef;a'oem awmf\ ½kyfw&m;? emrfw&m;wdkY\ wpfckESihf wpf c k aus;Zl ; jyKíquf p yf a eyk H w d k Y u d k v nf ; aumif;? avhvmzwfMum; rSwfom;em,líxm; yg/ 'Dvq dk &dk if odycf ufcí J &Ekid af wmhrnf rxif [k rjzpf y gES i h f / pmtaeES i h f jzpf o ih f o rQ csJUa&;aevdkYom tus,fBuD; tcufBuD;xif& wmyg/ usrf;avQmufvQif rqkH;/ usrf;ayguf

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DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES "r®0D&onf udk,fusifhoDvESifh pm&dwåjrifhrm;ap&ef jzpfonf/

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vScsifolawG vSygap

t&S i f Ó P0&(omaygif ; )

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rodawmhyg/ wpfcsdefu rdrdukd,feJY om;orD; ZeD;onf ypönf;rsm;ukd tNrJvScsifaeol wpf a,mufu uHw&m;&JU pDrH&mvSnfhuGufrSmawmh rdrdukd,fawmif rxdef;odrf;Ekdifawmhyg/ raumif;aompdwx f m;onf raumif; aomb0rsm;ukd &&Sd&ef zefwD;ygw,f/ jzLpif jrihjf rwfaompdwo f nf rdr\ d b0 wk;d wufjrihrf m; atmif jyKjyifay;pGr;f Ekid yf gw,f/ atmufwef;us aom pdw"f gwfrsm;ukd rarG;bJ jrihjf rwfaompdwf ukd arG;í jrwfaomtusihfukd usihfjcif;jzihf aumif;aomb0rsm;ukd &&SdcHpm;Mu&rnfjzpf ygonf/ pdwfonf b0ukd aq;a&miftrsKd;rsKd; jc,frIef;ay;ygw,f/ pdwfvSu b0vSr,f/ pdwfrvSu b0rvS jzpfEkdifygw,f/ rdrdwdkYpdwf ukd tNrw J rf; pdppfwwfzYkd vdyk gvdrrhf ,f/ avmu obm0vSwm rSeforQ rdrduom vkdcsifw,f/ vSw,fajymrS oabmusolwdkif; jrwfpGmbk&m; &Sifvufxufu acrmrdzk&m;BuD;vkd olYtvS w&m; tjypfajymrSmaMumufvkdY jrwfpGmbk&m; w&m;awmfukd awmfawmfeJYoGm;remjzpfcJhzl;yg/ ,aeYvkdacwfBuD;rSmvnf; acrmrdzk&m;BuD;vkd rdrdtvSw&m; wefzkd;xm;NyD; 'DZkdif;ynm&SifawG eJY aeYpOf tvSjyifaeolrsm;? Ak'¨bmom0ifrsm; jzpfapumrl jrwfpGmbk&m;ESihf a0;uGmaeygvdrfh r,f/ urÇmausmf 'DZkdif;ynm&SifawG b,f pmrsuf E S m 35 ok d Y


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"r®0D&onf rdrdudk,fudk apmifha&SmufEdkif&eftwGuf jzpfonf/

omoemhtusKd; o,fykd;&Gufaqmif t&S i f Z eu(jynf a &T b k d )

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DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES "r®0D&onf vlrsKd;ra&G; bmomra&G;? vlom;rsKd;EG,ftm;vHk;twGuf jzpfonf/ rsm;ESihf &ifqkdif&Ekdifygonf/ xkdodkYjzpfvmygu omoemawmf B uD ; vnf ; ES p f i g;axmif M um rwnfEidk af wmhbJ omoemawmf\aemifumv ü av;yg'wpf*gxmukdyif &olr&SdbJ jzpfoGm; Ekid yf gonf/ ,aeY t csd e f t cgonf tem*wf twG u f jyif q if z k d Y t cG i h f t a&;aumif ; aom tcsdefukd rdrd&&qkyfukdifNyD; tem*wfomoem twGuf pmcsq&mawmfrsm;ESifh awm&Gmausmif; ae bkef;BuD;rsm;vufwGJí wufnDvufnD jyifqifaqmif&u G o f ifyh gonf/ wpfO;D u tvkyf vky?f wpfO;D u xkid af ernfqydk gvQif tem*wfudk &ifqkdifzdkY tm;enf;oGm;Ekdifyg\/ xkdokdYjzpfygu tem*wfomoemawmfü cHppf wdkufppf rnDrQ

pmrsuf E S m 32 rS avmufvScsifolrsm; vSygapvdkY b,fESpfBudrf jyifjyif tvGefqkH;cHvQif wpf&ufomyg/ wpfn tdyfNyD;vQif aysmufuG,foGm;Ekdifygw,f/ 'D½kyf 'DcE¨m vSapcsifvQif pdwfukd jyKjyifay;&ygr,f/ bmpdwu f dk jyKjyifay;&rvJqv dk Qif um,uHpw d -f olt Y oufuo dk wfjcif;? olwpfyg;Opömukd ck;d jcif;? olwpfyg;vifom;r,m;ukd jypfrSm;jcif;wdkYukd a&SmifMuOf&rSmjzpfygw,f/ aemuf 0pDuH'kp½kdufjzpfaompdwfu rkom0g' r[kwfrrSefaompum;awGukd ajymqkd jcif;? ydokP0gpm- tcsif;csif;rwnfhatmif tjypfajym ukef;wkdufwwfjci;f? z½ko0gpmremvkdaompdwfaMumifh t,kwfwrm qJa&; wkid ;f xGmjcif;? oræyv Ü my0gpm- rdrt d wGuv f nf; tusKd;r&Sd? olwpfyg;twGufvnf; tusKd;r&Sd? tESpfrJhaompum;awGukd ajymqkdjcif;wdkY jzpfMu ygw,f/ aemuf raemuH'kp½kdufjzpfaompdwf u tbdZÑm- olwpfyg;pnf;pdrfawGukd ukd,hf pnf;pdrfjzpfatmif rw&m;vkdcsifaomaMumihf enf;rsKd;pkHESihf BuHpnftm;xkwfjcif;? Asmyg'olwpfyg;ysufpD;oGm;atmif trsKd;rsKd; tjypfjy zsufqD;jcif;? rdpäm'd|d- rdrdajymwmrStrSef? rdrd vkyfwmawGrS t[kwf? rdrdukd,fukd *kPfajrmuf NyD ; t,l r S m ;aejcif ; wd k Y j zpf y gw,f / tJ ' D v k d raumif;rI'kp½kdufawGjzpfavmufaompdwfukd arG;xm;ygu tyg,fa&mufapaMumif; raumif; aomvrf;aMumif;c&D;omjzpfaMumif; odNy;D om; yg/ rdrd&JUpdwfaMumifh ,ckvkd &cJvSwJh vlYb0 wpfacgufrSm ½kyfcE¨mukd,fBuD;ukd tvSjyifMu ovdk pdwfudkvnf; aeYpOftvSjyifEkdifvdrfhr,f

awmhbJ tdE, d´ jynfBu;D wGif omoemuG,o f uJh odkY tiftm;enf;vmaom omoemawmfBuD; onf &efow l Ykd tvG,t f wul odr;f yku d zf suq f ;D jcif;ukdcH&NyD; omoemawmf uG,faysmufoGm; Ekid yf gonf/ xkaYd Mumifh jrwfA'k o ¨ moemawmfjrwf BuD;onf tem*wfumvü twdwfESihfypöKyÜef rSmuJhodkYyif atmifjrifpGm &yfwnfEkdifa&;onf ,aeY omoemh0efxrf;tm;vkH;tay:ü wm0ef &Sdyg\/ xkdomoemh0efxrf;wdkYwGif tem*wf omoemawmf \ acgif ; aqmif a vmif ; rsm; onfvnf; rdrw d 0Ykd wå&m;rsm;ukd wm0efoo d jd zihf xrf ; aqmif o ih f y gonf [ k omoemh t usKd ; arQmfí wifjytyfygonf/ t&S i f Z eu(jynf a &T b k d )

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tvSjyKjyifaeMuovkd rdrdpdwfukdvnf; jrifjrif orQ tm½kHawGay:rSm vTwfrxm;MubJ ]owd} qkdwJh todynmBuKd;eJY tcsdefwdkif;rSm rdrdcE¨m ukd,fukd oem;MuygvQif pdwfukd owdqkdwJh BuKd;eJY wkyfcsnfEkdifMuygap/ vl w pf a ,muf r S m aocgeD ; tcsd e f onf vlYb0rSm aemufqkH;tcsdefjzpfygw,f/ tJ'DaemufqkH;tcsdefrSm b,fvkdyif tvSjyKjyif cJah pumrl ½kycf E¨muk, d f vIyrf &awmh tJ't D csed f tm;ukd;p&m vkyfp&mu &wemokH;yg;ESihf rdrd vSL'gef;cJhaom tvSL'geaumif;rIawG aqmuf wnfcJhaom oDv? ½kyfcE¨mwpfcPrQ ]]aMomfighcE¨m[m rNrJygvm;}} vdkYtedpö 'ku© tewå w&m;awGukd qifjcifcJhzl;aom ukodkvfrsm; ponfwdkYukdom owd&oihfygw,f/ raumif; aom tukodkvfw&m;rsm; odkYr[kwf vifom; ZeD; om;orD; taESmiftzGJUrsm; raumif;aom vdkY ,kHMunfygw,f/ txufuajymcJw h hJ 'kp½ku d q f ,fyg;ukd pd w f a epd w f x m;rsm;jzpf w J h avmbpd w f ? okp½kdufq,fyg;tjzpf ajymif;vJusihfokH;vkduf a'gopdwf? arm[pdwfwkdY rvTrf;rkd; rBuD;pkd;&ef vQif taumif;qkH;ygyJ/ Oyrm- olwpfyg;u txl;owd xm;oihfygw,f/ vlb Y 0\ aocgeD; aemufq;Hk pdwq f E´ jzpf a p? rd r d u k d , f w d k i f j zpf a p? tjcm;ol w pf onf aemif w rvG e f b 0 vS y wif h w ,f N yD ; a,mufjzpfap wkdufwGef;rIaMumifh olYtouf owfjcif;? olOY pömck;d jcif; ponfwrYkd S jzpfay:vm jrihfjrwfaomb0ukd &apEkdifw,f/ rdrdb0ukd aompdwu f dk txl;a&SmifMuOfvu dk rf ,fq&dk if rdrd vScsifolawG vSatmifjyifzkYd vdkygw,f/ tJ'D ukd,fcE¨mukd aeYpOftvSjyifwmxuf pdwfudk tcsdeftxd pdwftvSukd rjyifMubJ raumif; tvSjyifwmu ykdaumif;ygw,f/ bmaMumihf aompdwfaMumifh raumif;aomb0ukd ydkifqkdif ykdaumif;ovJqkd&if ½kyfcE¨mukd,fjyKjyifwmu &mrSm aocsmygw,f/ 'ghaMumifh rdrw d b Ykd 0ukd rdryd idk yf gw,f/ wpfb0om vSyEkdifNyD; pdwfukd jyKjyifvkdufygu od w wf p uav;b0xJ u rdrd½kyfcE¨mukd,fBuD; b0tqufquf oHo&mtqufquf vSoGm; ukd tvSjyifcJhMuwmrSefayr,fh pdwfykdif;qkdif&m EkdifrSmjzpfygw,f/ 'gayr,h f wpf c sKd U ol r sm;u b,f awGvnf; avmuobm0 awGUBuKHvmaom avmufyJtoufBuD;BuD; ½kyfcE¨mukd,fvSzkdYyJ jrifjriforQ t&m0w¦KawGtay:rSm ½kyftvS aeYpOfeJYtrQ pOf;pm;aeygw,f/ ½kyfcE¨mvSzdkY jyKjyifwwfMuovdk owd? 0D&d,? ÓPfynmeJY qkdvQif b,favmufyJukefusygap oGm;vkyf pdwftvS jyKjyifwwfMuygap/ rdrd½kyfcE¨mukd,f f al wG rdryd idk q f idk f awG;odaeaom pdwq f E´ wwfMuygw,f/ rdrdcE¨mvSzkdYqkdvQif tpm; vScsio J m0& vSyEkid Mf uygap/ 'gaMumifh taomufukd avQmhpm;csif avQmhpm;vdrfhr,f/ uvnf; tNrx ½k y v f c S s i o f a l wG pdwt f Nrv J MS uygapvkYd apwem tvSjyKjyifzkdY? olrsm;awGeJY tNyKdiftqkdif 'DZkdif; enf;ynmawGESihf cE¨mukd,fukd 0wfpm;jyKjyif tjynhfjzihf wkdufwGef;vkdufygownf;/ t&S i f Ó P0&(omaygif ; ) 0wfqifMuygw,f/ ñT e f ; - tbd " r® w ¦ o *F [ tJ'Dvkd cE¨mukd,f 0wfpm;jyKjyif ½kyf uav;awG b,fvkdvSvS ewforD;uav;awG vkdvSvS ewfom;uav;awGvdkvSvS jrif&ol taygif; &ifukdat;jrvkdY qGJaqmifrIenf;ynm b,f v k d a umif ; aumif ; twG i f ; oEÅ m ef u raumif;MuvQif um;pkwfBuD;ukd aq;a&mifpkH okwNf y;D a&mif;csovkjd zpfaeygvdrrhf ,f/ wm&Snf wnfNrJrIr&SdEkdifbJ Mum&SnfvmvQif ½kyfysuf vmygvdrrhf ,f/ 'ghaMumifh rdrcd E¨muk, d u f dk aeYpOf


DHAMMA VIRA FOR YOUTHS

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qkxl;yef tbd"r®moifwef; omoemh r m&f a tmif a usmif ; wk d u f ? "r® ' gevrf ; ? ewf a csmif ; &yf u G u f ? wmarG N rKd U e,f / 1/ avmuD? avmukwå&m ukokdvftvkyfrsm;ukd yg&rDjzpfatmif jyKwwfcsifygovm;/ 2/ tbd"r®m\t&Sw d &m;ESifh rdrt d odÓPfudk uku d af tmifnw d§ wfNy;D 0dyóembm0emukd vG,fulpGm tm;xkwfvdkygovm;/ 3/ uHaumif;atmif vkyfcsifygovm;/ 4/ omoema&;OD;pD;Xmeu ESpfpOfusif;yonhf tbd"r®mpmar;yGJukd xl;cRefpGmatmifjrif csifygovm;/ pwifzGihfvSpfrnhfaeY&uf/ / 5.3.2011 paeaeY? oifwef;tcsdef/ / nae (6;00) em&DrS (8;00) em&Dtxd? yxrqih f pwif z G i h f v S p f y grnf /


DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES "r®0D&onf vlom;rsKd;EG,fquftwGuf jzpfonf/

aus;Zl;w&m; &if E G , f u d k (vif ; ) aus;Zl ; w&m;trsd K ;rsd K ;&S d y gw,f / aus;Zl;w&m;&SdvdkYvJ aus;Zl;qyfwmwdkY aus;Zl; uef;wmwdkY pwJh a0g[m&awG &Sdvm&wmyg/ aus;Zl;w&m;trsdK;rsdK;uawmh &wem (3) yg; aus;Zl;? rdbaus;Zl;? q&morm;aus;Zl;awGu pNyD ; aemuf q H k ; a&wpf c G u f a omuf c J h z l ; wJ h aus;Zl;txd aus;Zl;trsdK;trnfpHkvSygw,f/ aus;Zl ; w&m;qd k w J h a0g[m&ud k uRefawmfjynhfpHkvHkavmufatmif t"dyÜm,f zGihfqdkEdkifr,frxifygbl;/ odkYaomf ÓPfrDoí zGiq fh Mkd unh&f r,fq&kd ifwpfpw kH pfa,mufuwpfpkH wpfa,muftay: jyKxm;cJhzl;wJh aumif;rIvdkY uReaf wmfem;vnfryd gw,f/ vlom;wpfa,muf tzdkYrSm rdrdtay:udk aus;Zl;jyKxm;zl;olawG trsm;tjym;&Sdw,fvdkYqdkwmudk aoaocsmcsm pOf;pm;Munhf&if odEdkifvdrhfr,f/ Oyrm i,fi,f u ausmif;oGm;vrf;rSm um;½IyfaevdkY vrf;wpf zuf u d k ud k , h f x uf B uD ; wJ h o l w pf a ,muf u vufqGJNyD;ac:oGm;ay;w,fqdkygpdkY? 'gvnf; aus;Zl;wpfrsdK;yg/ 'gqdk&if cifyGef;BuD; (10) yg; pm&if; xJrmS 0ifwyhJ *k Kd¾ vaf wGq&kd if tifrwefrS aus;Zl; Bu;D vSwyhJ *k Kd¾ vaf wGvaYkd jym&rSmyg/ 'Dvykd *k Kd¾ vaf wG &JU aus;Zl;udk aumif;pGmodem;vnfzYkd vdyk gw,f/ aus;Zl;udkodzdkYu yxrtqihfjzpfNyD; aus;Zl;ukd wkefYjyefay;qyfzdkY[m 'kwd,tqihfjzpfygw,f/ vl t awmf r sm;rsm;[m yxrtqif h j zpf w J h olwpfyg;aus;Zl;udkodzdkYawmif tEdkifEdkifjzpfMu ygw,f/ tenf;tusO;f avmufaomolawGom olwpfyg;aus;Zl;udo k w d wfNy;D aus;Zl;udk jyefqyf Edik w f t hJ qifu h akd &mufwo hJ l ta&twGuu f awmh tifrwefrS enf;yg;vSygw,f/ Oyrmajym&&if vlwikd ;f rSm rdb&Sw d m aocsmovdk rdbaus;Zl;udk qyfjzpfwJhol[m vlwdkif;r[kwfzl;qdkwmvJ aocsmygw,f/ 'guawmh aus;Zl;odwwfreI YJ aus;Zl; qyfrt I ydik ;f yg/ aemufwpfyikd ;f u aus;Zl;udk rod wwfrIeJY aus;Zluef;jcif;tydkif;vnf;&Sdygao; w,f/ aus;Zl;rodwwfjcif;eJY aus;Zl;uef;jcif;&JU t"duvufonfu arm[yJjzpfygw,f/ vl wpfa,mufrSm avmbrD;awG a'gorD;awG avmifNrdKufaeNyDqdk&if olwdkY&JUrdwfaqG&if;csm jzpfwhJ arm[u tvdv k akd &mufvmygawmhw,f/ tJ'DtcgrSm tESDyk*¾dKvf[m olwpfyg;u udk,fh

tay:jyKxm;wJah us;Zl;udk odem;vnfrrI &Sad wmh bJ aus;Zl;uef;wJhtvkyfudk wGifwGifBuD; vkyf awmhwmygyJ/ jrefrmhvt Yl zGUJ tpnf;rSm qd½k ;kd wpfcu k ]]olrsm;aus;Zl;? xdefzl;aomol? rD;vdkyl}} [k qdkxm;ygw,f/ rSefygw,f/ aus;Zl;uef;wwf wJhol[m b0rSm ½IH;edrhfrIeJY ysufpD;rIudk BuHK& wwfygw,f/ txl;ojzihf cifyGef;BuD; (10) yg; xJrmS yg0ifwo hJ w l pfO;D OD;&JU aus;Zl;udk uef;rd&if olYb0rSm (acwfpum;eJY ajym&&if) ajrmif;xJ udka&mufwJhtxd vlYtodkif; t0dkif;&JUab;udk vGihfpifoGm;wwfygw,f/ 'g[m Ak'¨bmom0if awG vufcHxm;MuwJh xl;qef;wJh aMumif;usdK; qufoabmw&m;awGyJjzpfygw,f/ 'gaMumifh ]]rd b aus;Zl ; ? txl ; od vsuf? tqyfcuf\}} qdkwJh pum;rsdK;vJ rjzpf &avatmif olwpfyg;aus;Zl;udk odem;vnfEikd f Muygap? odwJhtwkdif;vnf; wwfEdkifoavmuf jyefvnfay;qyfEdkifMuwJh olawmfaumif;rsm; jzpfMuygapvdkY wkdufwGef;vkduf&ygw,f/ &if E G , f u d k (vif ; )

Gratitude There are various types of gratitude. As it exists, the terms 'being ungrteful' and 'repaying the gratitude' come into existance. The gratitude varies starting from that of the Triple Gems, that of parents, that of teachers to that one has drunk a cap of water. I cannot define that term 'Gratitude' meaningfully. However, I'd like to define it as much as my intellect can. I realize the gratitude as a good deed in which one performed something for the other. We can learn that there are many people who have been benificial in our lives when we think it with much care. For example, an elderly perosn sent off us to the other side of the road pulling our hands in a busy traffic while we were on the way to school in our

39

younger days. This is kind of gratitude, too. Then, it much be said that the individuals listed in the ten persons who should not be wronged are great benefactors. It is greatly necessary to know the gratitude of such benefactors. The first stage is to know the gratitude and the second, to repay it. Most people are barely to know the first state. Only a few can get to the second stage and the ones who are grateful and can replay it are very few. For example, everybody has parents. However, it is certain that not everybody can repay the gratitude of their parents. This is only the portion of being grateful and repaying it. There is still another one lelf called not knowing the gratitude and being ungrateful. The principal perpetrator for not knowing the gratitude and being ungrateful is the ignorance (moha). When a person is being burnt in the flames of greed (lobha) and anger (dosa or domanassa), the ignorance (moha), their most intimate friend, comes to. At that very moment, this person does not realize the gratitude the other has already done on him at all and he does the ungrateful works abundantly. In Myanmar society, ther is a saying 'The one who is ungrateful to the other's gratitude will be scorched like a fire.' It is true. He will surely meet the failure and rain in his life. Especially, when he is ungrateful to the one included among the ten persons who should not be wronged, his life will be thrown off from the human society (to say according to the words of this era) his life will go into the ditch. This is a miracle concept in association with the cause and effect of which all Buddhists are well- accepted. Therefore, not to be like a saying, 'Having know the gratitude of the parents, the repayment is not easy, I' d like to urge you to become the virtuous persons who know the other's gratitude and can repay it as much as you can. Written and translated by myself Yin Nwe Ko (Linn)

&mpkopf\ pdeaf c:rIrsKd;pku H dk Nidr;f csrf;aompdwf &J&ifw h nfMunfaom avmutjrifjzifh b0ukd &ifqidk v f suf atmifjrifpmG jzwfoef;Ekid Mf uzkYd "r®0&D *sme,f zwfMupkUd


1234567890123456789012345678901212345678 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678 THE AIM AND WAY OF LIFE 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678

qifjcifww kH &m;ESit fh "dymÜ ,fjynh0f aom b0vrf;pOf (2) A Rational and Meaningful way of life (2)

By. Venerable Dr.K. Sri Dhammananda, JSM., Ph.D., D.Litt. Translated into Myanmar by. Dhamma Vira Thandar Aung; International Therava-da Buddhist Missionary University, Yangon.

"r® 0 D & -oEÅ m atmif (tjynf j ynf q k d i f & max&0g'wuú o k d v f ) Ä vlwdkY\ udk,fusihfodu©mw&m;onf þb0vrf;pOfü ta&; tBuD;qHk;aom tcef;u@rS yg0ifvsuf&Sdonf/ ]ig\ vrf;ñTefoifMum; csufwdkYonf ,HkMunfvufcHMu&ef oufoufr[kwf/ udk,fwdkif udkifpGJ usihfoHk;Mu&efjzpfonf} [k r[mu½kPmawmf&Sif q&mocifu rdefY`rGwf awmfrlcJhygonf/ Ä The moral conduct of human beings plays a most important part in this way of life. Its great teacher once said, "My teaching is not to come and believe but to practise."

The Middle Way The noble way of life that is being introduced here is a practical educational system of mental culture known to the world some twenty five centuries ago. The founder of this way of life was a most enlightened and compassionate teacher. This method is also variously known as the MiddlePath a righteous way of life, an ethico-philosophical system, a do-it-yourself method and also can be introduced as as a path of freedom and reason. It teacher us to do three things: namely, to refrain from doing bad deeds. to be some service to others and to maintain a healthy pure mind. This message is very meaningful and practical. Yet, people experience difficulties when they try to put them into practice. The reason for this is due to their own inherent human weaknesses. The moral conduct of human beings plays a most important part in this way of life. Its great teacher once said, "My teaching is not to come and believe but to practise." It encourage people to study the teachings fully to allow them to judge for themselves whether they should accept the teaching or not. No one is asked to come and accept this way of life without first having had an understanding of its teachings. Superfluous rites and rituals, and animal sacrifices have no significance in this noble way of life. Superstitious beliefs, fear of supernatureal beings and secret doctrines are not encouraged. People have the liberty to investigate for themselves the teachings and to ask questions so

tv,f t vwf v rf ; pOf ,cka&;zGUJ wifjyrnhf jrihjf rwfaomb0vrf;pOfqo dk nfrmS vGecf hJ aom ESpfaygif; 2500-ausmf (25 &mpk) ESpfrsm;uwnf;u urÇmu od&SdcJhMuonfh vlwdkY\pdwfudk ,Ofaus;odrfarGUatmif yJhjyifrIqkdif&m vuf a wG U usih f a qmif M uwJ h ynma&;pepf w pf r sd K ;jzpf y gonf / ,if;b0vrf;pOfukd pwifwnfaxmifco hJ nhyf *k Kd¾ vrf mS ÓPfynmt&mwGif olrwlatmif txl;cRefqHk;ESihf arwåmu½kPmw&m;tBuD;rm;qHk;aom twkr&Sw d pfql wnf;aom vrf;ñTejf yol q&mjrwfBu;D wpfyg;jzpfygonf/ xdkvrf;pOfudk trnftrsdK;rsdK;wdkYjzihf ac:a0:od&SdMuygonf/ rZÑdry#dy'gac: tv,ftvwfvrf;pOf[lívnf;aumif;? wduscdkifrm rSefuefaumif;rGefaom b0vrf;pOf[lívnf;aumif;? udk,fusihf odu©m qdik &f m 'óepepf [lívnf;aumif;? ud, k w f ikd u f , kd yf ikd u f ikd af qmifusio fh ;kH Edkifaom enf;pepf [lívnf;aumif; trsdK;rsdK;ac:qdkMuygonf/ wu,fawmh þvrf;pOfrmS qifjcifww kH &m;ESit fh euft"dygÜ ,fjynh0f aom vGwv f yfpmG usiafh qmifEikd o f nhf usipfh Ofwpf&yftjzpfjzihv f nf; vufawGU pGJudkiftoHk;jyKEkdifygonf/ þvrf;pOfonf rdrw d t Ykd m; enf;vrf;oH;k oG,jf zihf usiafh qmifEikd f &ef vrf;ñTefoifMum;ay;ygonf/ xdkenf;vrf;oHk;oG,fwdkYqdkonfrSm raumif;rI'pk ½du k w f &m;qd;k rsm;udk jyKvyk jf cif;rSa&SmifMuOfMu&ef/ olwpfyg; wdkY\ tusdK;pD;yGm;udk &Gufaqmifay;&efESihf? pdwfudk &Tifvef;usef;rmjzLpif pGm tNrJxm0&xm;&SdMu&efjzpfygonf/ ¤if;vrf;ñTef oifMum;csufonf tvGefteuft"dyÜm,f&Sdí vufawGUusiahf qmifEidk af om vrf;pOfwpf&yfjzpfygonf/ odyYk gaomf? ¤if; vrf;ñTefoifMum;csufudk vlwdkYvufawGUusifhaqmifMuonhftcg tcuf pmrsuf E S m 28 ok d Y

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