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VOL. 58 ISSUE 10 OCTOBER 2017 • GUAM CONTRACTORSʼ ASSOCIATION

Moving Forward


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TABLE OF CONTENTS

CONSTRUCTION NEWS BULLETIN

OCTOBER S.A.M.E.

6

INSIDER NEWS

10

Small business notes

14

Crane critique

16

FEATURE STORY

18

FEATURE STORY

22

PHOTO HIGHLIGHTS

26

Military news

32

2017

18

Feature Story

22 Feature Story

Chamorro Ph rase Of Th e M o n th Fino Chamorro: English:

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Duru Ichan It's Raining Hard

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EDITORIALS

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THEDIRECTORS

THEEDITORIALS

THETEAM

PRESIDENT James A. Martinez Guam Contractors’ Association

Guam Contractor’s Association (GCA) in conjunction with Adztech and Public Relations, Inc. publishes the Construction News Bulletin (CNB) monthly. Reproduction of materials appearing in this publication is strictly forbidden without written permission by GCA.

PUBLISHER: James Martinez

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THE NORTH KOREAN THREAT regarding denuclearization.” regarding denuclearization.”

Tillerson’s Tillerson’s remarks came remarks aftercame a after a day of meetings day ofwith meetings top Chinese with top Chinese officials, including officials, President including Xi President Xi Jinping — Jinping meetings —that meetings saw both that saw both sides strikesides a careful, strikeconciliatory a careful, conciliatory tone. The secretary tone. Theofsecretary state’s of state’s day-long visit day-long comesvisit amid comes an amid an escalating escalating standoff over standoff how to over how to thwart Kim’s thwart nuclear Kim’s weapons nuclear weapons program. In program. recent weeks, In recent theweeks, the conflict has conflict devolved has to devolved an to an By John M. Robertson exchange of exchange insults and of insults threatsand threats between the between U.S. president the U.S.and president and Those of usThose that call of usGuam that call home, Guam havehome, little have the littleNorth the Korean North dictator, Koreanprompting dictator, prompting Chinese Chinese to no concern to noregarding concern regarding a missile attack a missile from attackcalls fromfor restraint. question, is how now, Trump is how or Kim Trump will or Kim will calls forTillerson restraint.seems Tillerson to have seems to havequestion, now, North Korea. North It would Korea.beItan would act ofbewar an act on the of war on the thatgotten chime in. Earlier chime in. in September, Earlier in September, North Korea North Korea gotten message. thatIn message. brief statements In brief statements ahead ahead part of North partKorea of North andKorea Mr Kim andunderstands Mr Kim understands testedbomb a nuclear just bomb hours before just hours Xi before Xi of his meetings of hiswith meetings Chinese withleaders, Chinese theleaders, thetested a nuclear that. Eventhat. moreEven importantly, more importantly, we are being we are being delivered adelivered keynote speech, a keynote stealing speech, hisstealing his secretary ofsecretary state didofnot state so did much notassomention much as mention protected by protected the greatest by the military greatestthe military world the world spotlight. Then spotlight. as China’s Then as state China’s news state media news media North Korea North and Korea nor, forand that nor, matter, for that didmatter, the did the has ever known. has ever The known. threatThe is however threat ishaving however having struggled to struggled keep the to focus keep on the Xi, focus Trump on Xi, Trump Chinese. Instead, Chinese.both Instead, sides both tried sides to keep tried theto keep the a short-term a short-term impact on impact tourism, onour tourism, number our number weighed in, weighed tweeting in, that tweeting North that Korea North has Korea has focus on President focus on Trump’s Presidentupcoming Trump’s upcoming Asia Asia one economic one engine economic apart engine fromapart the military. from the military. become a “great become threat a “great and threat embarrassment and embarrassment visit, whichvisit, Xi promised which Xiwould promised be awould “special, be a “special, In the longInterm, the long it could term, impact it could outside impact outsidewonderful,wonderful, to China.”to Geng China.” Shuang, Genga Shuang, spokesman a spokesman for for and successful” and successful” event. event. investmentinvestment although that although has not that manifested has not manifested the Chinese theForeign Chinese Ministry, Foreign later Ministry, calledlater called itself just yet. itself It just is anyway yet. It ais subject anywayofa vital subject of vital Trump’s tweet Trump’s “unacceptable.” tweet “unacceptable.” Yet all the Yet talkall of the careful talk planning of carefuland planning close and close interest to interest us because to us it because is happening it is happening in our in cooperation our cooperation could not mask couldthe notless-than-ideal mask the less-than-ideal corner of the corner world. of the world. Tillerson, Tillerson, perhaps trying perhaps to avoid tryingthat to avoid kind that kind circumstances. circumstances. Tillerson landed Tillerson in Beijing landed on in Beijing on of scolding, of ended scolding, his trip ended with his a trip call with for a call for Saturday morning Saturdayafter morning a longafter delay a long due to delay a due to a U.S. is in U.S. direct is incontact direct contact with with problem with calm. “I think calm. the “I most think immediate the most immediate action action problem his plane, with arriving his plane,onarriving the eve on the eve North Korea North Korea that we need that is we to calm need is things to calm down,” things he down,” he of the week-long of the week-long Mid-Autumn Mid-Autumn Festival. InFestival. In said. “They’re said. a “They’re little overheated a little overheated right now. right now. addition toaddition the holiday, to the hisholiday, hosts had his much hosts had much Secretary of Secretary State Rex of Tillerson State Rex said Tillerson the said theon their minds. And weIneed thinktowe calm need them to calm downthem down on their Forminds. monthsFor now, months Beijing now, BeijingAnd I think United States United is inStates directiscontact in direct with contact Northwith North first.” whether AskedTrump’s whethertweets Trump’s played tweets played has been consumed has been consumed with preparations with preparations for forfirst.” Asked Korea and Korea is looking and is into looking whether intoKim whether Jong Kim twice-a-decade Jong a role, he switched a role, hethe switched focus back the focus to Kim. back“Ito Kim. “I twice-a-decade political meetings politicalto meetings be held to be held Un is openUn to talks. is openThe to talks. comment, The comment, made on madeinonOctober.inThe think the whole think the situation wholeissituation a bit overheated is a bit overheated October. focus on Thethe focus 19thonNational the 19th National 30 September 30 September during a brief during tripatobrief China, trip to China, right now. right I think now. everyone I think would everyone like would for it like for it Congress, Congress, as the meetings as theare meetings called, are means called, means was the first was time thethe firstTrump time the administration Trump administration to calm down,” to calm he down,” said. “Obviously, he said. “Obviously, it would it would the Chinese theleadership’s Chinese leadership’s interest in interest off-script in off-script acknowledged acknowledged direct communication direct communication with with help if North help Korea if North would Korea stop would firing stop off firing off moves from moves eitherfrom Trump either or Kim Trump is lower or Kim is lower Pyongyang. Pyongyang. “We are probing, “We aresoprobing, stay tuned,” so stay tuned,” missiles. That missiles. would That calm would things calm down things a down a than ever — than andever it already — andstarted it already pretty started pretty he said. “We he ask, said.‘Would “We ask, you ‘Would like toyou talk?’ likeWe to talk?’ lot.” lot.” low.We Though low. arriving Thoughlate, arriving Tillerson late,did Tillerson the did the have lines have of communications lines of communications to Pyongyang. to Pyongyang. Chinese the Chinese favor ofthe staying favor on of staying message, on message, We’re not in We’re a dark notsituation, in a dark asituation, blackout.a blackout.saying nothing Trump Trump says Tillerson says Tillerson is ‘wasting is ‘wasting sayingpublicly nothing that publicly could that embarrass could embarrass We have aWe couple, havethree, a couple, channels three,open channels to open them to or signal his time’ his trying time’ to trying pursue to pursue themnew, or signal unexpected new, unexpected moves. moves. Pyongyang; Pyongyang; we can talkwetocan them; talkwe to do them; talkwe do talk negotiations negotiations with North withKorea North Korea to them,” he to said. them,” Heather he said.Nauert, Heather a State Nauert, a State This is keeping This is with keeping his style withsohis far.style On so hisfar. On his Department Department spokeswoman, spokeswoman, said later insaid thelater infirst the visit, in President Trump President signaled TrumpSunday signaled – 1Sunday October – 1 October first March, visit, in heMarch, surprised hemany surprised China many China day that despite day that thedespite U.S. efforts, the U.S. “North efforts, “Northwatchers by that he does that not he believe does not that believe attempts that at attempts direct at direct watchers using some by using of Beijing’s some ofpreferred Beijing’s preferred Korean officials Korean have officials shown have no indication shown no indication that that points communications communications with Northwith Korea North are worth Korea are worth talking talking — “mutual points —respect “mutual andrespect win-win and win-win they are interested they are interested in or are ready in orfor aretalks ready for talks the effort escalating despite tensions escalatingbetween tensions between cooperation” cooperation” — in public —comments. in public comments. The Thethe effort despite 10 | OCTOBER2017

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INSIDER NEWS

• The detonation • The detonation in September in September of North of Northand the lateand grandfather the late grandfather of Kim Jong of Un. KimKim Jong Un. Kim Korea’s largest Korea’s nuclear largest device, nuclear which device, it said which itIlsaid Sung grew Il Sung up ingrew northeast up in China, northeast where China, where was a hydrogen was a bomb, hydrogen disrupted bomb, adisrupted summit a summit in the 1930s in he thebecame 1930s he a guerrilla became aleader guerrilla and leader and of world leaders of world in Beijing, leaders inembarrassing Beijing, embarrassing fought alongside fought Chinese alongsidecommunist Chinese communist partisans partisans Chinese President Chinese Xi President Jinping.XiItJinping. wasn’t the It wasn’tagainst the Japanese againstoccupiers. Japanese occupiers. Without warning, Without warning, first time. first North time. Korea North launched Korea alaunched missile a missile local communists local communists turned on turned Kim and onhis Kim men. and his men. in May justinbefore May just Xi was before to speak Xi wastoto speak to Several hundred Severalethnic hundred Koreans ethnicwere Koreans tortured were tortured dignitaries. dignitaries. And Xi’s new Andenvoy Xi’s new for North envoy for North and murdered and in murdered a racist purge in a racist based purge on the based on the Korean relations Koreanhas relations not even hasbeen not even allowed been allowed party’s paranoid, party’s and paranoid, false, belief and false, that belief they that they into the country. into the country. were secretly were working secretlywith working the Japanese. with theKim Japanese. Kim was arrested was inarrested China inin1934 China and inwas 1934lucky and was lucky • Ignoring •repeated Ignoringwarnings repeatedfrom warnings China, from Kim China, to Kim survive. to Hesurvive. later called He later the purge called “a themad purge “a mad has accelerated the frequency the and frequency increased and increased wind. . . . [Koreans] wind. . . . [Koreans] were beingwere slaughtered being slaughtered Washington and Pyongyang. Trump wrote Washington and Pyongyang. Trump wrotehas accelerated the range of thelong-range range of long-range ballistic missile ballistic tests. missileindiscriminately tests. indiscriminately by [Chinese] by with [Chinese] whomwith theywhom they on Twitteron that Tillerson “wastingishis time his time Twitter thatisTillerson “wasting At the same Attime, the same his regime time, his hasregime blamedhas blamed had sharedhad bread shared and board bread and onlyboard yesterday.” only yesterday.” trying to negotiate Littlewith Rocket Man” trying towith negotiate Little Rocket Man” Beijing forBeijing a “reckless for aact “reckless of chopping act ofdown” chopping down” — his nickname Kim. The — his for nickname for president Kim. Thehas president has trust between trustthe between countries. the What countries. motivates What motivates During theDuring Koreanthe War, Korean Kim’sWar, bitter Kim’s bitter taken an increasingly hard-line stance toward taken an increasingly hard-line stance toward Kim to thealienate affections the of affections an ally that of an allymemories that memories were compounded were compounded by a painfully by a painfully PyongyangPyongyang over its nuclear weapons over its nuclearand weapons and Kim to alienate accounts for accounts 90 percent for 90 of percent North Korea’s of North Korea’spublic losspublic of face.loss Kim of face. started Kim thestarted war in the war in ballistic missile tests, threatening in a speechin a speech ballistic missile tests, threatening trade? doesWhat he have does against he have China? against China? 1950 by invading 1950 bySouth invading Korea South withKorea the with the to the U.N.toGeneral weekstwo ago weeks trade? the U.N.Assembly General two Assembly ago What backing ofbacking Stalin’s of Soviet Stalin’s Union. Soviet ButUnion. his army But his army to “totally destroy” Korea if necessary. to “totallyNorth destroy” North Korea if necessary. Totalitarian Totalitarian leaders usually leaders don’t usually explain don’t explainwas soon obliterated was soon obliterated by a U.S.-led by acoalition, U.S.-led coalition, themselves, themselves, and Kim — and sixKim years—insix power years in power and Northand Korea North all but Korea disappeared all but disappeared — until — until Trump, who Trump, was spending who was the spending weekend theatweekend his at his andsaid only 33and —only is no33 exception. — is no exception. But insights But insights Chinese forces Chinese entered forces theentered fight and theforced fight and forced Bedminster Bedminster golf resortgolf in New resort Jersey, in New hasJersey, said has into his Sino-belligerence into his Sino-belligerence can be gleaned can be gleanedKim to theKim sidelines to theofsidelines his ownof war. his China’s own war. China’s repeatedlyrepeatedly that he is open that he to is military open tooptions. military options. from the back fromstory the back of hisstory family. of his In nearly family.70 In nearly top70 general, topPeng general, Dehuai, Pengchided Dehuai, Kim chided for Kim for North Korean North officials Korean have officials suggested have suggested that that years years of with dealing their with powerful theirpatrons powerful patrons his “extremely his “extremely childish” leadership, childish” leadership, telling telling Trump's threats Trump's amount threats toamount a declaration to a declaration of of of dealing in communist in communist China, three China, generations three generations of of him, “You him, are hoping “You are to end hoping thistowar endbased this war based war. Laterwar. Sunday, LaterTrump Sunday, said Trump he would said he would named dictators Kim named have lurched Kim have between lurched between on luck.” Kim on luck.” wouldKim never would forget never howforget he how he succeed where succeed his predecessors where his predecessors had not, but had not,dictators but dependence and distrust, andcooperation distrust, cooperation and andwas treated. was After treated. the war, Afterhethe made war,sure he made that sure that he noted that he noted U.S. diplomacy that U.S. diplomacy with Kim with has Kimdependence has contempt. The family’s The unruly family’s behavior unruly behavior China’s role China’s in saving roleand in saving rebuilding and rebuilding his state his state failed overfailed 25 years. overKim 25 years. is 33 Kim and only is 33came and onlycontempt. came suggests suggests is little there reason is little to assume reason to — assume as — as largelywas was erased largely from erased official from histories. officialHis histories. His to power after to power his father, after his Kim father, Jong Kim Il, died Jong in Il, died in there Trump andTrump other U.S. and other presidents U.S. presidents sometimessometimes resentmentresentment was compounded was compounded in 1980, when in 1980, when DecemberDecember 2011. 2011. have — that have China — that can China imposecan its impose will on its will onChina publicly Chinadenounced publicly denounced as feudalism as feudalism his his North Korea. North TheKorea. edgy attitude The edgy ofattitude the Kimof the Kim decision todecision transferto absolute transferpower absolute to his power son to his son Why Kim Why Jong Kim UnJong is alienating Un is alienating family is likely family rooted is likely in the rooted arrest in and the arrest and Kim Jong Il, Kim a succession Jong Il, a succession that made that North made North China China humiliation humiliation at Chineseathands Chinese of Great handsLeader of Great Leader Korea the Korea world’sthe only world’s hereditary only hereditary communistcommunist Kim Il Sung, KimNorth Il Sung, Korea’s North founding Korea’sdespot founding despot kingdom. kingdom. To the frustration To the frustration of President of Trump President andTrump and his administration, his administration, China seems China to beseems losing to be losing leverage over leverage the young over the dictator young next dictator door. next door. North Korean North leader Korean Kimleader Jong Kim Un keeps Jong Un keeps biting the biting hands the of Beijing hands of elders Beijing whoelders provide who provide his otherwise his otherwise friendless state friendless with state fuel, with fuel, food and diplomatic food and diplomatic cover. Those cover. bitesThose have bites have challengedchallenged China’s authority, China’s authority, embarrassed embarrassed its leaders its andleaders stymied andU.S.-backed stymied U.S.-backed efforts efforts by Beijing by to Beijing restrainto Kim’s restrain flirtation Kim’swith flirtation with nuclear war. nuclear Several war. recent Several incidents recentsuggest incidents suggest a growing atrend: growing trend: • North Korean • North spies Korean are prime spies suspects are primeinsuspects in the sensational the sensational nerve-agent nerve-agent killing early killing this early this year in Malaysia year inof Malaysia Kim’s half-brother, of Kim’s half-brother, Kim Kim Jong Nam,Jong a resident Nam, of a resident the Chinese of theterritory Chinese territory of Macau, of where Macau, he was where under he was the unofficial under the unofficial protection protection of China. As of China. Frontline As reports Frontline reports this week, this Kimweek, Jong Nam Kim Jong had supported Nam had supported Chinese-style Chinese-style economic reforms economic in reforms North in North Korea and Korea was seen andbywas some seenasby a possible some as a possible replacement replacement for Kim Jong for Un. Kim Jong Un.

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OCTOBER2017 | 11


INSIDER NEWS Ill feelings between North Korea and China have often been mutual. Mao Zedong regarded Kim Il Sung as rash and doctrinaire — once describing him as “a number one pain in the butt,” Sidney Rittenberg, onetime translator for Mao, reported in 2013. In 1992, China infuriated the Kim family by establishing diplomatic relations with South Korea, the archenemy of the North. Still, Chinese leaders from Mao to Xi have chosen to protect and prop up the troublesome Kim regime, fearing that its collapse would trigger a flood of refugees and lead to a U.S.-allied, united Korea on its border. As North Korea’s international isolation has increased along with its nuclear prowess, the Kim regime has become more dependent than ever on Chinese trade. That dependence, however, is clearly not swaying the behavior of Kim Jong Un. He seems to have internalized his grandfather’s grudges. Last month, when Kim was calling Trump a “mentally deranged U.S. dotard,” a commentary in the Korean Central News Agency attacked the media in Beijing for being “rude” and “shameless.” It also said that North Korea owed little to China. The commentary was signed by “Jong Phil,” which means “righteous pen,” and was the third such anti-China article written by him this year. A China scholar, Adam Cathcart at the University of Leeds, told The Washington Post that he believes Jong Phil is a pen name for Kim. Between War and Acceptance, a Third Way on North Korea Analysts say deterring and containing Pyongyang would be Trump administration’s best bet The Trump administration now finds itself in a remarkable position: Nobody in the world knows where it stands on the most dangerous international issue of the day, and nobody is sure who speaks for the administration on that issue. That’s the situation that emerged on Sunday, when President Donald Trump openly contradicted his own secretary of state on the approach the administration is taking with North Korea and its nuclear program. The resulting confusion would be risky under any circumstances. Yet the most ominous part of the exchange, actually lies elsewhere, in the implication that Mr. Trump now sees only what Sen. Bob Corker, head of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, referred to as a “binary choice”: capitulation to North Korea or military conflict with potentially catastrophic consequences.”

12 | OCTOBER2017

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In fact, there is a third way, one that a variety of analysts from across the ideological spectrum have begun pointing to as a way out of the binary-choice box. It is a strategy called “deterrence and containment”: Deter the North Koreans from ever using their weapons against the U.S. and its allies, and contain Pyongyang in its box until sustained pressure brings about either a change of heart or a change of regime in the rogue nation. This isn’t a novel approach, because it was the basis for perhaps the most successful national-security strategy in American history. Precisely 70 years ago this summer, American diplomat George Kennan wrote a famous article for Foreign Affairs magazine outlining the basis for a strategy of containment of the Soviet Union, which came to pose a much larger nuclear threat. Mr. Kennan, a staunch foe of Communism with on-the-ground experience in the Soviet Union, wrote in 1947 that the U.S. had little hope of good relations with the Soviets in the short term, given Moscow’s conviction it had both right and might on its side. But he also argued that the Soviet system, with its combination of paranoia and the resulting suppression of its citizens, carried the seeds of its own demise. “This would of itself warrant the United States entering with reasonable confidence upon a policy of firm containment, designed to confront the Russians with unalterable counter-force at every point where they show signs of encroaching upon the interests of a peaceful and stable world,” Mr. Kennan wrote. Mr. Kennan wasn’t advocating that the U.S. stand idly by, but rather that it actively work to keep the Soviets in a box, while also seeking to undermine Communism internationally and to “influence” internal Soviet developments. His writing implied he thought this strategy might be necessary for 10 to 15 years. In fact, it took half a century, but ultimately the Soviet Union collapsed without a shot being fired. The differences between the Soviet Union then and North Korea now are enormous, of course, starting with the question of whether North Korean leader Kim Jong Un can be counted on to respond rationally to pressure. Still, the parallels exist as well: a hostile and paranoid foreign power, its population kept under tight control, posing a military threat while a military confrontation risks horrific consequences. Flash forward to today, and Michael J. Mazarr and Michael Johnson, senior researchers at the nonpartisan Rand Corp., write: “Contain, deter and transform. Not a radical solution, but www.guamcontractors.org

one that has worked before—and an approach that holds out the hope of preserving U.S. interests while avoiding wars.” Jeffrey A. Bader, former Asia specialist on the National Security Council staff in the Obama administration now at the Brookings Institution, argues for an “assertive policy of deterrence and containment.” He writes that they are “not appealing options” and were attacked during the Cold War as “passive, immoral and defeatist.” But, he argues, “in fact they were none of those then, and would be none of those now.” As Mr. Bader suggests, the contain-and-deter option hardly implies simply sitting back and watching. It would require significant buildup of American and allied missile-defense systems, a larger American military presence on land and at sea in Asia, a robust effort to isolate North Korea economically and diplomatically and efforts to undermine the North Korean regime internally and externally. There are, of course, skeptics. “To be sure, this may be the only option left, but many who are advocating the policy don’t seem to be thinking through its military requirements and possible regional consequences,” writes Daniel Blumenthal of the conservative American Enterprise Institute. The approach also led, he notes to costly proxy wars. Concluding Comment: The above approach appears to be far from anything Mr Trump would agree to. It is not his style and is too much like what past administrations have been doing. All of us would like to find that silver bullet that would get the job done and over with – like send in the Navy SEALS or Army Rangers or a Marine Corps detachment, supported by Air Force and Navy assets. If it was that easy, it world have already been done.

The foregoing is adapted from four recent published articles: A 30 September article by Emily Rauhala, a China correspondent for the Washington Post; a 1 October article by David Nakamura, a White House correspondent for the Post reporting from Afghanistan and Pakistan; a 4 October article by Blaine Harden, a former Post reporter and consultant to the Frontline documentary “North Korea’s Deadly Dictator”; and, a 2 October article by Wall Street Journal editor, Gerald, F. Seib – in that order.

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Wanted: A Few Good Men and Women

The GCA Small Business Committee supports small business members of the association to ensure their voices are heard and needs are met within GCA capabilities. Do you have an issue or concern that we might be able to assist with? Do you have an idea or suggestion that may benefit our small business community? Help us help you by joining us at our monthly meetings or contact: Lysander “Al” Star (Chair) 647-7870 islaroofing@guam.net Jane Ray (Co-Chair) 735-2595 jane@pacificsbdc.com Gerardine Mendiola (Co-Chair) 647-2895 gmendiola@guamptac.com Our next meeting is on Tuesday, Oct. 31th , 11:30 AM at the GCA conference room 202. Please RSVP with Elaine Gogue. Her email address is elaine.gogue@guamcontractors.org

GUAM PTAC

FREE

October 2017 10/12/17 - WOSB

PUBLIC

WORKSHOPS The Guam Procurement Technical Assistance Center (PTAC) is offering a FREE workshop to the public on Thursdays. Workshops run from 9:00am-10:00am in the UOG Jesus and Eugenia Leon Guerrero Business and Public Administration Building, Margarita Duenas Perez & Jaime Felipe Tuquero IT&E Lecture Hall, 131 (unless otherwise specified)

Learn how to get Woman-Owned Small Business certified.

10/19/17 - VOSB/SDVOSB Learn how to get Veteran-Owned/Service-Disabled Veteran-Owned Small Business certified.

10/26/17 - ASMMP Learn about SBA's newest program, the All Small Mentor Protégé Program.

Source: Federal Business Opportunities (FBO) and Federal Procurement Data System (FPDS).

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For more information, contact the Guam PTAC at (671)735-2552 or visit www.guamptac.com

14 | OCTOBER2017

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CRANE CRITIQUE

CONSTRUCTION NEWS BULLETIN

ASME P30.1 LIFT PLANNING And Lift Directors

A monthly crane and rigging informative column for all personnel directly or indirectly involved with crane safety. Each month we will attempt to explain a different technical issue pertaining to crane operations here on Guam, addressing the sometimes over-looked or misunderstood topics by management and operators alike. By Dave Barnhouse In addition to the B30.5 Mobile Crane requirements, that hopefully all readers of this article are aware of, ASME has developed a new standard, ASME P30.12014 - Planning for Load Handling Activities (Lift Planning). This new standard also includes the requirement for a Lift Director. OSHA, as well, has requirements for Lift Directors, and many companies are not aware of the specific OSHA rule for Lift Directors. It is only a couple of sentences and could easily be overlooked. The OSHA Rule, 1926.1432(b), became effective November 2010 and it states “The multiple-crane/derrick lift must be directed by a person who meets the criteria for both a competent person and a qualified person, or by a competent person who is assisted by one or more qualified persons (lift director). The lift director must review the plan in a meeting with all workers who will be involved with the operation.” The ASME Standard B30.5-2011 for Mobile and Locomotive Cranes states: 5-3.1.3  “All responsibilities listed below  shall be assigned in the work site organization.” A single individual may perform one or more of the roles listed below: (a) Crane Owner (b) Crane User (c) Site Supervisor (d) Lift Director (e) Crane Operator 16 | OCTOBER2017

Tandem Lift at AAFB, categorized as a Critical Lift and... 5-3.1.3.2.2 • Be present at the site during lifting operations • Stop crane operations if alerted to an unsafe condition • Ensuring the lift area is prepared before lifting  • Assure population control is in place  before lifting • Assure everyone knows what they should do and how to do it • Addressing safety concerns of the operator or crew before continuing with the lift • Appointing the signal persons and ensuring they are qualified • Ensuring precautions are implemented www.guamcontractors.org

for special, or critical lifts • Ensuring the operator has correct weights, travel path, pick and set locations • Obtaining verification from the operator the load does not exceed capacity • Ensuring rigging personnel are qualified • Ensuring the load is properly rigged  and balanced ASME P30.1-2014 - Planning for Load Handling Activities (Lift Planning). Lift Director definition - The person designated to direct the load handling activity.

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CRANE CRITIQUE

Personnel roles and responsibilities - The Lift Director is responsible for verifying the category of the load handling activity, reviewing and implementation of the lift plan. The Lift Director should:   Hold pre-lift meetings:   • Assure the meeting attendees understand the plan and what each person is supposed to do   • Decide the frequency of pre-lift meetings for repetitive lifts   • Confirm all set-up preparations are according to the lift plans   • Ensure load handling activity complies with the plan and conduct a post-lift review ASME P30.1-2014 Planning for Load Handling Activities establishes planning considerations and practices that apply to Load Handling Equipment (LHE), other associated equipment, and activities when moving loads vertically or horizontally. The planning guidance contained in this Standard is divided into two categories dependent upon the nature of the load handling activity and the degree of exposure to the issues that impact safety. These two categories are designated as Standard Lift and Critical Lift. The Standard does not preclude the user of this standard from creating subcategories based on their specific load handling activity considerations. All Lifts Should Be Planned That may be true, but just how much planning is necessary? It depends on the hazards associated with the lift. OSHA does not have requirements for the level of planning needed, so until recently the crane industry has done it. In 2014, ASME released the P30.1, titled,  Planning for Load Handling Activities in which two levels of planning have been defined; Standard and Critical. It states that the following would have to be taken into consideration in determining the type of lift and amount of planning: • Personnel Hazards • Work Area Hazards • Load Handling • Environmental Impact • Potential for Overload of Crane or Rigging • Load Replacement Cost Like Us On Facebook

Load testing, categorized as a Critical Lift • Unusual Site Requirements From this information the type of lift would be determined to be either a Standard or Critical Lift. Standard Lift Plan • A lift with no serious hazards to personnel or property • Used for repetitive lifts • Depending on company policy, can be written or verbal • If plan does not work, stop and evaluate • Do not attempt to make real time changes Critical Lift Plan The traditional industry definitions for a critical lift are: • Heavy load 85-90% of crane capacity • Hazardous load • Expensive load • Potential Property damage • Multiple cranes used • Multiple or Tandem Crane Lifts • Lifting Personnel -- Ensuring B30.23 requirements are met • Pick and Carry • Mobile Cranes on Barges • Working near vicinity of overhead power lines • Lifting loads out of water • Lifting loads over personnel • Loads that are difficult to rig • Any load the Lift Director considers hazardous or non-routine

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The P30.1 recommends the same evaluation criteria as in the Standard lift except it requires that the plan be documented. Bottom line, every lift should be planned whether it is a discussion with the crew or a room full of engineers and planners. Without a plan, everyone thinks they know what needs to be done which is inefficient and dangerous.

Please e-mail any comments, questions, or specific topics you would like to see addressed in this column to dave@islandcerts.org and we will certainly attempt to accommodate your requests. Dave Barnhouse resides in Tamuning and has been involved with operations, maintenance, operator training, and/or inspections, of cranes since 1969. He is a Certified Environmental Trainer, CHST, NCCCO and CIC certified crane operator, NCCCO Lift Director, NCCCO Level II Rigger, Crane Institute of America practical examiner for all types of mobile crane operators, riggers, signal persons, and the only OSHA accredited crane inspector on Guam.

OCTOBER2017 | 17


FEATURE STORY

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An homage to Eric Bell By: John S. Aguon


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A locally born and raised Guam-son, Patrick Sherman graduated from St. John’s School in upper Tumon, is an attorney, had worked with his father, John Sherman, on construction projects. His father started in the 90’s, developing notable projects like the Pago Bay Subdivision; the Outrigger and the Plaza, with the Israels, to name a few. Sketching some of his professional experience, Patrick handled construction contracting for his father’s company during his foray with AES. And, had a stint with Calvo Fisher as an attorney with that firm, early in his legal career. Eventually, he transferred to Hawaii, working there for 4 years, before he received an invitation to interview for the vacancy left at Eric Bell’s untimely death. Rick Beliveau, owner of Triple B made an offer to Patrick to return to Guam to head the Triple B Guam office and operation; and so, began a new leg in his life journey, in November 2016, and ushered in a new chapter for Triple B. How would that mutual decision play out? Some background on Triple B’s and Eric Bell’s trek from the mid 80’s to now is in order. In the early settling of Triple B Guam, in the middle 80’s, some of the business development appeal was in its initial interest in supporting the bourgeoning garment industry in Saipan, and later on, the fledgeling regional tuna market. Actually, as it was generally known, Eric Bell and Rick Beliveau met and developed their relationship during that period, with Rick positing that Eric come onboard to lead the charge for Guam Triple B. This partnering for Eric and Rick would prove to be constructive and gave footing to what has gestated into a market leadership role for freight handling in the region.

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FEATURE STORY

Now, 30-plus years later, after introducing its, then, innovative and cost-saving “consolidatation of freight” for multiple consignees, Triple B enjoys a virtually unrivaled position in its market niche. As Joleen Fejeran-Sales Executive at the Triple B Guam Station capsulizes, “We are the one-stop shop for your freight-handling needs.” There was no apprehension in her proclamation. As she and Patrick collectively, and in seeming harmony, paraphrased; we can handle any freight situation—inbound or outbound. Commercial or Private. Truly. On the job since November of 2016, Patrick comments on his segway into the VP seat left by Eric. “Literally and figuratively, Eric left big shoes to fill. He was a real trailblazer for Triple B. And, he was loved by the staff and many others.” By their description, Eric was an obvious persona, standing 6 feet 7 inches tall, size 14 shoes, an avid athlete in basketball and cycling. That would be the literal part of the guy. Figuratively, “big” was his leadership and growth of a business that moved from infancy to a thriving 30-some staff operation providing critical services to virtually all major government and business entities for Guam and the islands. His wife of 24 years, Danielle, jubilantly exhorts, “He was just awesome. He was a humble and charitable man.” Illustrating the point, she told the story of a woman who came to thank Danielle for Rick’s anonymous gift to pay for the shipping of her sick dad’s personal property—which would come from Arizona. It was an expense she just could not afford. Danielle did not know of this gift until it was disclosed to her while Eric fought for his life, at Guam Regional Medical City, after being struck by a vehicle on Marine Drive in June 2016.

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OCTOBER2017 | 19


FEATURE STORY

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While admitting the harsh reality of losing her loving husband, she claimed the joy of her fruitful 24 years with him, also witnessing him doing things he enjoyed; like gowing Triple B Guam to the stature it now enjoys, and because of that solid foundation, success will abound. While she’d articulate the difficulty of grieving his loss, her smile surfaced as a manifestation a good life shared—by Eric, with her, their sons (Nicholas and George), and a loyal and dedicated staff. She is Learning To Live Again. Considering the strategic possibilities on Triple B’s horizon, Patrick spoke of their deliberate efforts to build on the well-established relationships sown, during Eric’s tenure throughout the region, shoring them up even more with unadulterated face-to-face interactions with company’s partners, island government and business leaders; to assure, to gain even more insight to their future needs, and prospecting how Triple B can be an evolving help in faciliating those growth scenarios.

community. He cared.” Red Cross, Ayuda Foundation, Girl Scouts, and others were recipients of that caring, and readily mentioned as demonstrations of it. As a closing note, Triple B Guam claims a particular salient attribute: Triple B enjoys an exceptional employee retention rate. While most business-minded sorts might jump to the conclusion of good pay; that probably, may be factored in the retention equation. Yet, in this case, there may have been an unintended factor—being part of something bigger than yourself. Eric and Triple B, and now, Patrick are doing just that. Danielle Bell remains a shareholder and active with Triple B Guam, along with sons, Nicholas and George, both working in operations. They're building on a wonderful legacy of commitment, charity, and community.

Spurred by discussion of Eric’s trailblazing for Triple B, Patrick mentioned that although he hadn’t an occasion to know Eric in recent years, he had a chance to meet him when he was a young boy running about in his father’s( John Sherman), construction business. There was, then, so-to-speak, a succession handshake from Eric to Rick. Responding, pleasantly, to that previously unknown information, Danielle says, “I am glad you got to meet him, Patrick.” Continuing the memorial conversation on the ethic of commitment, Danielle offers, “Rick was always committed to the islands—consistently, demonstrating that it was our

20 | OCTOBER2017

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For more information regarding Triple B Guam Freight Forwarding services: https://www.tripleb.com/locations/guam.php Or Contact: Joleen Fejeran-Sales Executive jfejeran@tripleb.com (671)649-0900

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FEATURE STORY

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What Is Essential... No One Will Buy By: Gabriel Simon


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FEATURE STORY

The biggest problem facing businesses today regarding fire safety is improperly maintained fire alarm systems. Which result in unreliable and either partially, or totally non-operational systems. Unfortunately, many of the people making 'fire and life safety' decisions for businesses are unaware of the magnitude of the liability they are assuming for the company, and themselves.

During my 21 years in the Hospitality industry, though we had the capability to maintain the fire alarm systems, due to the liability assumed, we chose not to. There is a lot of comfort in being able to say, 'our fire alarm system is on a full maintenance contract, so please talk to the professionals maintaining it.'   

Too many times I have heard things like: We disconnected that section 'cause it was always going off; Oh, that part of the system hasn't worked for years; I do not want to fix it, I just need an annual certification for my license renewal; or, I need a proposal to get GFD off my back, and there is no intent on doing anything.

“I am fine” is the most common misconceptions about fire safety. That it will never happen to me. We get complacent about fire safety, especially on Guam where we live and work, for the most part, in concrete buildings. The buildings can not burn, right? In actuality, no one really dies from flame or heat in a fire. They die from smoke inhalation and lack of oxygen, so you can die as easily in a concrete as a wooden structure from a fire. Most people are simply not aware of how vulnerable and unprepared they are. 

A properly working 'fire alarm' system provides a service, it is sniffing for smoke and sensing for heat, and it screams if either is detected. This is a great tool! And to have this fully operational and maintained and certified to National and Local regulatory agency requirements is also in the small print of fire insurance policies. So imagine a $5K, $10K or maybe even a $50K insurance claim. The agent comes out, does a quick assessment and the claim is paid. Now imagine a $1M, $2M, $10M or $20M claim, a worst case scenario, and the insurance company will be looking for any and every loophole they can find to not pay. So I saved a few hundred or maybe a few thousand dollars, but find that I am not covered - not a good cost to liability ratio.  There are also interwoven moral implications which will differ for everyone, but imagine someone died because you saved a few bucks. All decisions concerning 'Fire and Life Safety Systems', because of the virtually unlimited liability, must be made with worst case scenario in mind. And this does not necessarily mean expensive.

We place a label on each of our donated 2.5 pound home fire extinguishers that says 'What Is Essential In Every Home That No One Will Buy' - and unfortunately this is a true statement.  Make a plan and practice your plan, both at home and at work.    One should comply with compliance standards because it is the law, it is the right thing to do, and you do not want to release your fire insurance carrier of any possible liability. But the difference today is maybe  that Guam Fire Department (GFD) has become more proactive with enforcing compliance over the last few years, and they will fine and/or shut down a business. I have learned over the years that it is always easier and cheaper to comply, and most regulatory agencies will work with you to help spread out the expense.     

Fire Prevention Week Proclamation Signing at the Governor’s Office – September 29th 2017 Like Us On Facebook

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OCTOBER2017 | 23


FEATURE STORY

CONSTRUCTION NEWS BULLETIN

Fire regulations are spread between the International Building Code, the International Mechanical Code, the National Electrical Code and the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA). And with a myriad of variables, such as type of structure, the use, and other systems in the building, can be complex and difficult to navigate. I would recommend a comprehensive inspection of your fire & life safety systems by a qualified Fire Protection Engineer (FPE). I have seen too many incorrect evaluations done by unqualified personnel from small fire alarm/suppression companies that have put, and continue to have the customer at risk. Remember, you must consider worst case scenario. And who is going to be standing next to you in court, a qualified FPE and a company in business for over 25 years, or some OJT trained guy who used to work for a company that does not exist anymore?

18 | OCTOBER2017

It is not just the systems that Phoenix Pacific provides, it is our approach and commitment to the industry that makes the real difference. We are the leader for Fire & Life Safety Systems throughout the Western Pacific and Micronesia Region. We are code driven and specialize in advanced systems that are both user friendly and cost effective. Our systems can provide the highest levels of safety and security, integrated with other building systems for real time verification and monitoring of virtually anything, with notification to anywhere. We pride ourselves on the level of training of our technicians and the 3rd party NICET certification of their knowledge and expertise.  We are a 'one stop shop' for anything fire safety as we also  provide: Wet/Dry Sprinkler systems; Fire Pumps; Clean Agent (CO2, FM200); Foam Systems; Pre-action Systems; Fire Extinguishers; Kitchen Hood Suppression Systems; Public Address/Intercom systems; CCTV Systems; Intrusion Detection/Access Control. And what many do not know is that we also provide Traffic Control Systems.

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GCA Luncheon September 20, 2017 The Hyatt Regency Hotel Guest Speaker Governor Eddie Baza Calvo

26 | OCTOBER2017

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GCA 2017 Annual Picnic October 8, 2017 Ypao Beach Park

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MILITARY NEWS

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NAVFAC MARIANAS

By Catherine Cruz Norton Naval Facilities Engineering Command Marianas Public Affairs Office

NAVFAC Marianas Contributes to Feed Guam Families in Need PITI, Guam - Navy-submerged lands on Guam are being used as a testbed for a project to assess the viability of a coral nursery which, if successful, will promote restoration of coral reefs. Earlier this summer, a team consisting of marine biologists, scientists and trained volunteers from the Navy, the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Secore International, the Guam Bureau of Statistics and Plans Coastal Management Program, Underwater World Guam, Aquarium of the Pacific, the University of Guam (UOG) Marine Lab and the Department of Agriculture Division of Aquatic and Wildlife Resources took part in this coral-growing project. "This type of collaboration is intended to raise awareness about the importance of proactive coral management projects for reef restoration efforts in the waters around Guam," said Naval Facilities Engineering Command (NAVFAC) Marianas Marine Resource Specialist Hilary Goodwin. "Due to impacts on coral reefs such as climate change, coral bleaching, ocean acidification, overfishing, soil runoff, coral reefs are in decline worldwide." Goodwin added the protection of coral reefs is extremely vital as they serve as fish habitat.

In mid-July, researchers took advantage of annual coral spawning in Guam, to collect gametes (reproductive cells) released by coral. The resulting larvae, from fertilized gametes, were distributed in submerged pools with racks containing a total of 2,000 pointed cement tiles. The intent was for the larvae to then seek an area - on these tiles - to attach to and grow. Six hundred of the tiles are being housed in the UOG Marine Lab and two pools of 700 tiles each are in a coral nursery - a sufficiently deep, sheltered, secure area in nearshore waters conducive to the growth of the environment-sensitive larvae. As they mature, the coral will be planted on the reef, probably all within the next year. "We're currently trying to decide whether we should test putting the corals out on the reef at different times," said National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Fishery Biologist Valerie Brown. "In the past, they've held them for almost a year before putting them out. We may try putting them out sooner. Since we have a lot of corals, we can test how long they need; that's one of the questions we could ask."

MANGILAO, Guam (July 19, 2017) - Coral larvae-attracting coralline algae grows on cement tiles in salt water pools at the University of Guam Marine Laboratory as part of a project to grow coral on the tiles. Experts hope the resulting coral can be used to restore reefs that have been damaged. (Photo courtesy of NOAA Fisheries)

32 | OCTOBER2017

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Although there are about 400 species of coral in Guam, the team focused on Acropora surculosa, one of the branching corals commonly found along the reef margin on Guam's fringing and barrier reefs. The researchers have conducted similar projects with the species, so they have a sense of what to expect. The UOG Marine Lab already had colonies of Acropora surculosa spawning in the lab, which they used when they were unable to collect gametes in rough ocean waters. "(Acropora corals) are important reef-building corals," Brown said. "These are found right where the waves are breaking and in the shallow reef area down below that." This project is the first of its kind for the Navy on Guam, and researchers said demonstrating the success of this project is vital to securing additional resources for future research and projects to protect Guam's reefs.

PITI, Guam (July 14, 2017) – (right) Trained volunteers from the University of Guam Marine Lab and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) place pools for a coral-growing project in a secure location in nearshore waters off Guam, July 14. Coral larvae were distributed over 700 cement “tiles” which were in each pool and will be transplanted to a nearby reef when they mature. (Naval Facilities Engineering Command Marianas Public Affairs Office/Released)

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MILITARY NEWS

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small biz notes •

About $122.1M was awarded to Small Business (SB) concerns on Guam for a wide variety of products and services through 30Sep2017. Socio-economic breakdown: • • • •

$107.3M - Small Disadvantaged Businesses (SDB) $74.6M - HUBZone Small Businesses (HZ) $10.3M - Women-Owned Small Businesses (WOSB) $9.6M - Service-Disabled Veteran-Owned Small Businesses (SDVOSB)

The figures above do not add up to the overall Small Business total ($122.1M) as some small business concerns may fit multiple categories. For example, a SDB may also be HZ and WOSB. In September: • • • • •

Fargo Pacific, Inc. was awarded about $1,737,768 to construct a Shipboard Electronic Systems Evaluation Facility (SESEF) at Naval Base, Guam. Reliable Builders, Inc. was awarded about $1,346,000 to replace Substation HMIs with SCADA HMI equipment with all associated devices and cabling at Naval Base Guam. Wolf Creek Federal Services, Inc. was awarded about $ 1,323,190 to replace Phase IV a/c units at NBGAH, Guam. Tikigaq Construction LLC was awarded about $ 1,216,814 to repair/replace a sewer line and manhole at NBGAH, Guam. Wolf Creek Federal Services, Inc. was also awarded about $1,059,539 to construct a radome ring wall at NBGTS, Guam.

Source: Federal Procurement Data System Next-Generation (FPDS-NG).

in case you missed it: all am PTAC co-sponsored a "Sm tee, Guam SBDC, and the Gu essa L. mit Van . Com s Ms ines am. Bus Gu all of Sm ity A The GC ber 26, 2017 at the Univers tem Sep on op ksh also wor ms llia ics" tracts. Ms. Wi Business Contracting Bas ents and types of common con elem key of w rvie and ove ent, an d rcem vide Williams, Esq. pro ches, delays, damages, enfo tract negotiation as wel l as brea their business discussed general rules and con tion to help them succeed in rma info able valu h wit y awa e cam dispute resolution. Attendees endeavors.

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Photo by Jane Ray

34 | OCTOBER2017

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MILITARY NEWS

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did you know? In Fiscal Year 2017, about $814,952,317 in federal funding was awarded for various activities on Guam. For:

Contracts Grants Loans Other Financial Assistance

$354,139,452 $239,980,925 $ 355,651 $220,476,289

Top Five Prime Recipients: DZSP 21 LLC *Schuyler Navigation Company, LLC *Pacific Unlimited Inc *Wolf Creek Federal Services, Inc. *Cabras Marine Corporation * Small Business concerns Top Five Awarding Agencies: Department of Defense Social Security Administration Dept of Health and Human Services Dept of Veterans Affairs Dept of Education

$105,211,832 $ 19,494,000 $ 18,789,083 $ 17,818,975 $ 12,505,163

$349,394,781 $132,836,858 $126,679,925 $ 78,824,568 $ 44,862,321

Yearly funds awarded for activities on Guam: FUNDS AWARDED FY 2008 - FY 2017 $1B $800M

Million

$600M

$400M $200M $0

2008

2009 Contracts

2010

2011 Grants

2012 Loans

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

Other Financial Assistance

At about $815M, this fiscal year’s federal expenditures on Guam is the lowest since FY2008. The highest year is FY2015 with about $1.3B in federal expenditures. About $29K has been awarded in FY2018. Source: USAspending.gov

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Value Mobile’s $24.99, $34.99 and $44.99 plans are advertising-supported. As such, you will be shown ads from participating partners on and off-island on the LOCK SCREEN of the phone. If you do NOT wish to see these ads, STOP and DO NOT USE the phone. Value Mobile SIM cards of ad-supported plans will only work on the specific phone that is paired to it; these can NOT be used on another phone or network. Likewise, the phone will only work with the SIM that is paired to it. Free phone model/color is subject to availability. Samsung Galaxy J1 Mini, J1 Global 2016 and J3 are locked to Value Mobile. Attempting to unlock the phone may damage it beyond repair and voids any chance to return the handset. Valid photo ID and email address are required to sign-up. For the $34.99 and $44.99 plans, a valid Visa/MC/Amex credit or debit card is also required. By adding $5.00 a month to any of the plans, you can use your own phone, keep your existing number, and you will not be shown ads. For complete Terms and Conditions and our Acceptable Use Policy, please visit www.valuemobileguam.com. Rates are exclusive of applicable fees and charges. Free phone promo good while supplies last. Other conditions may apply. Samsung Galaxy is a trademark of Samsung.

GCA Construction News Bulletin October 2017  
GCA Construction News Bulletin October 2017  

Guam Contractors' Assn. Monthly Construction News Bulletin is Guam's official construction news publication.

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