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gair rhydd Monday November 07 2011 | freeword – Est. 1972 | Issue 962

It’s Dodge, Dip, Duck, Dive and Dodge Rubbish

Sheri Hall News Editor

Cardiff Students get competitive Turn to page 5 for more.

Features Disability Special

Turn to Pages 18 - 21

The Swn Issue

The new rubbish scheme has been met with public outcry as Cardiff residents complain about their bins not being collected. Figures show that almost 600 residents have complained to the council about uncollected rubbish since the collection system changed in September. The number of complaints increased by 425% in the first two weeks of the change, where black bags containing residual waste are only collected once a fortnight to encourage residents to recycle in the weekly green bag collection. Cardiff ’s environment boss, Councillor Margaret Jones, said the number of complaints was tiny in comparison - 0.025% - to the 2.28 million collections that took place over the first 5 weeks of the new scheme. Although Cathays is not amongst the worst affected areas for complaints the system has been met with frustration from students: “The fortnightly system is stupid. Once we missed a black bin day and when it came to the next collection we couldn’t fit all of our bags into our wheelie bin meaning we were left with rotting rubbish for another two weeks!” commented Lauren Reynolds, 2nd year UWIC student. Emily Cope, 3rd year English literature student complained that there had been confusion over how bags were to be presented for collection: “We were confused about why our bins weren’t being collected. I had to ring the council who told me that the wheelies have to be on the street and must only contain black bin bags or they won‘t be taken. They should have explained the procedure more clearly.” Continues on page 4...

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Monday November 07 2011

EDITOR Oliver Smith CO-ORDINATOR Elaine Morgan SUB-EDITORS Yas Langley James Dunn Chris Williams NEWS Sheri Hall Henry McMorrow Hannah Pendleton Matt Jones Laura Evans OPINION Izzy Voss Libby van den Bosch COLUMNIST POLITICS Luke Slade Sophie Gidley FEATURES Ellen Atkinson Ali Ishaq SCIENCE Jenny Lambourne SOCIETIES Isabelle Roberts

SPORT Jamie Evans Zac Cole Jonathan Frank CONTRIBUTORS Alex Calvin, Emily Cope, Bella Gougsa, Sophie Charles, Sophie Chamberlain, Joanne Faulkner, Nick Evans, Thom Hollick, Will Stokes, Tom Garrett, Charlotte Wace, Beckie Parker, Mustafa Hameed, Tomas Evans, Catherine Mackintosh, Katie Bennett, Paul Wilkinson, Tom Clarke, Sarah Uhl, Christina Tran, Helen Cameron, Hannah Albery, Keith Bugler, Hina Mansoor, Cerith Rhys Jones, Heledd Williams, Gerallt Rhys, Richard Gallagher, George Dugdale, Rhys Clayton, Rhys Evans.

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Last week we incorrectly wrote that Cath Mackintosh was Environmental Offier (60 Second Interview, p.3, Issue 961), she is actually Students with Disabilities Officer. Our apologies for any confusion or offence caused by this mistake. The statistics included in the article Operation Success (p.7, Issue 961) related purely to the two week Freshers period, and the claim that "reported robberies and sexual assaults are down by 100% on last year" related to this two week period of Freshers. Our apologies for any confusion caused. Oliver Smith gair rhydd Editor

pg. 7

News get the latest on the once-great clubbing chain

Get involved. - Monday - 5.00pm Aneurin Bevan Room (7th Nov) Nelson Mandela Room (14th Nov)

pg. 12

Incidentally explores relationships, promiscuity and offers a little advice

- Monday - 5.30pm Aneurin Bevan Room (7th Nov) Nelson Mandela Room (14th Nov)

Sudoku pg. 23

Science look at the new ÂŁ18 million Cochrane building development

pg. 38

Sport report on the sudden halt of IMG fixtures

EASY

Taf-Od Caio Iwan Osian Gruffydd

sport. taf-od. societies. science. features. politics. opinion. news.

02

For the answer and more puzzles, head over to page 32


News 1-7

Monday November 07 2011

Opinion Politics Features Science Societies Listings 30 - 31 23 - 25 26 - 27 9 - 12 15 - 17 18 - 21

Sport 37 - 40

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Mistaken Moon Davina Ogwu News Reporter Hertfordshire police received a bizarre phone call from a man claiming to spot a UFO like object hovering over his back garden. Embarrassingly the man called back minutes later claiming that what he saw was the moon. He described the object to emergency services as having “lights blazing” and being “holey”. He admitted he couldn’t hear any “engine noises” and claimed “he thought it was an aeroplane at first and then it’s just hovering with all these lights on”. After having the call logged by authorities the gentleman called back minutes later admitting to making an embarrassing mistake: “You're not going to believe this, you're not going to believe it, it's the moon." Jason Baxter, assistant manager at the force of communications room, commented on the “bogus call” saying “his call still tied up valuable police resources and time for something which was not an emergency”.

Faces in strange places Jo Faulkner Jodie Palombo In Ontario, Canada, an ultrasound examination revealed what looked to be an outline of the face of a distressed looking man. An unusual mass found on the testicle of a 45 year old patient was being examined and urologists were amazed with what they saw looking back at them. Cases similar to this, where faces have been seen in all sorts

60 Second Interview....

of strange and wonderful places have often been hailed as miracles. However, G. Gregory Roberts and Naji J. Touma, from Queen’s University, saw nothing miraculous about their strange find and sent it off to be peer reviewed. Is this just a coincidence, or was the face portraying the feelings of a man suffering with severe epididymo-orchitis, an inflammatory condition? We will never know.

@GairRhyddNews @GairRhyddOp

Since missing Freshers Week, my biggest challenge is forming an association around my role, and getting my name out there. My role is to represent all self-defined women students in the Union, and to initiate campaigns that caucus feels it needs. Crucialy I have to ensure all policy is gender neutral.

Firstly to push our Zero-Tolerance policy within the Union, bringing it to the Athletic Union and Academic Reps. And secondly to lobby the Welsh Government with other Welsh Universities to review their policy on providing home-testing Chlamydia kits.

@GairRhyddPol @GairRhyddFeat @GairRhyddSci

Try new things, get involved with the Women's association and take advantage of all Cardiff has to offer you. If you have any problems, come and see me!

A week in to #Movember and already...

@GairRhyddSoc @GairRhyddList @Taf_Od @GairRhyddSport

The worst part of #Movember is having to avoid little kids for the fear of having the police called on me. #creeperstache

With great moustache comes great responsibility. #movember

My Movember mustache is 3 day's worth of haphazard stubble, and i'm already stroking it like i'm gandalf the grey, deep in thought.


04News ...continued from page 1 Although Cathays is not amongst the worst affected areas for complaints the system has been met with frustration from students: “The fortnightly system is stupid. Once we missed a black bin day and when it came to the next collection we couldn’t fit all of our bags into our wheelie bin meaning we were left with rotting rubbish for another two weeks!” commented Lauren Reynolds, 2nd year UWIC student. Emily Cope, 3rd year English literature student complained that there had been confusion over how bags were to be presented for collection: “We were confused about why our bins weren’t being collected. I had to ring the council who told me that the wheelies have to be on the street and must only contain black bin bags or they won‘t be taken. They should have explained the procedure more clearly.” Jack Parker, co-chair of Cardiff University Green Party, claimed that they have heard a number of complaints about the times of rubbish collections being either early in the morning or late at night: “We are investigating complaints from some residents of bin collections taking place at unsociable times and have submitted a Freedom of Information request to the council.” A separate poll by Cathay’s Green Party reveals that 33% of Cathays residents are not happy with the rubbish collection and 70%

Monday November 07 2011

have problems with litter in their area, with most comments blaming poor waste collections and other vermin. Hugh Rodger, 2nd year journalism student said: “The black wheelie bins stop seagulls and rats getting to the rubbish but we have had problems with mice in our food bins as they have holes in them as part of the design.” Lauren Reynolds added: “Our rubbish mounts up and the only place we can put our bags is in our front garden, which means they get attacked by seagulls.” Johnny Ashton-Barnett, 2nd Year pharmacy student blamed the litter on passers by: “Our front garden is filled with litter that has been dumped by people walking past our house. There is a lack of public bins in Cathays and quite frankly it’s disgusting.” Some students have taken to the new scheme positively: “Since the new system was put in place we recycle almost everything” said Pete Morrison, 3rd year marine geography student. Melody Johns, 3rd year journalism student agreed saying “We have become very conscious of recycling since the new system was put into place; we have more recycling bags than black bags which was never the case before. “However we have had problems with our rubbish not being collected, and living in a house of 9 you can imagine how much backlog there is.”

Above: Confusion over bin days has lead to a back log....

The council claim that the new system has been successful in encouraging residents to recycle with 400 tonnes less of black bag waste being sent to landfill sites. Kieran McCann, Student Liaison Officer of Cardiff Council said, “We work extremely hard building relationships with students and the students union to promote responsible disposal of waste in their communities. “We recently embarked on a series of door knocking exercises with various different agencies that was well received not only from students but also non-students.” He also praised the successes of the Tidy Text service which reminds students what waste needs to be put out and when. Chris Davies, Cardiff Student Union's Welfare and Communications Officer said: "The new system is understandably a shock but people must adapt to it or they will face fines. "Most of the stuff put in black bags can be recycled and its great to see multiple green bags outside homes as people make the effort." Jack Parker added: “The transition to the new collection system was expected to cause difficulties but the real test is now on the council to ensure problems are dealt with.” Students are urged to make use of the Tidy Text service by texting 'TIDY', your house number and postcode to 60066 to be reminded of bin days.

Above:...and the black bags that do not fit in the wheelie bins will not be collected.

gairrhydd

Above: Last year this would have been an unlikely sight, but the new scheme has seen a large rise in recycling amongst residents.

Our front garden is filled with litter that has been dumped by people walking past our house

Above: The back log in black bags has attracted seagulls and other vermin and are causing a mess on our streets.

Library times change earlier than planned Emily Cope News Reporter Cardiff University libraries are extending their opening hours earlier than originally planned. In previous years the libraries have extended opening hours around the University's examination period, but this year the decision has been made to extend opening hours much earlier in order to benefit the student body. Samantha Reid, Cardiff University's Academic and University Af-

fairs Officer, commented: 'It's brilliant news. "I believe that this will be incredibly beneficial to the student body and I hope they take advantage of these new opening hours." The costs of keeping libraries open longer has been a contentious issue for students but demand for their facilities has been so great that libraries have responded accordingly. The changes will be implemented as of Monday November 14th to allow students to take advantage of

the library's facilities in sight of earlier course deadlines. The major changes are for the Arts and Social Studies library, and also Trevithick library, both of which will stay open past their usual closing time of 9.30 pm, until the extended hour of 12 am. Samantha Reid added: "I would just like to mention how quick and efficient the libraries team have been at getting this sorted out so early on, it's a true testament to their receptiveness to the student voice."

Changes ASSL Trevithick ASSL Trevithick Aberconway Bute

Mon-Thurs until Midnight Mon-Fri until Midnight Sundays until 9.30pm Sundays until 9.30pm Sundays 10am - 9.30pm Sundays 10am - 7.30pm


News 1-7

Monday November 07 2011

Opinion Politics Feature Science Societies Listings 30 - 31 9 - 12 15 - 17 18 - 21 23 - 25 26 - 27

Sport 37 - 40

News05

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Bella Gougsa News Reporter Last Friday, October 28th, Cardiff University students took part in a Dodgeball tournament organized by the Athletic Union. The tournament had 26 teams competing for the ‘Dodgeball Champions’ title, meaning over 200 students were playing the exhilarating sport in the Great Hall. Just in time for Halloween, all teams were required to take part in the competition with a fancy dress theme. The womens' netball club won the best fancy dress title, swiftly dodging those balls dressed as Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles. Other themes included Commando, Braveheart, The Simpsons, Halo Masterchief, UV Ravers, Cavemen,

Monkey Doctors and several more. At the end of the day, the overall winners of the entire tournament were “The New Cardiff Banzai Mavericks,” a team mainly made up of Lacrosse Club Members. The event turned out to be a huge success and promises to be a regular event in the annual calendar as it grows every year in popularity. The next AU event is planned to be even bigger and better for the February 3rd... so keep the date available! On the success of the event Ollie Devon, AU President, told gair rhydd: "Dodgeball was a great success, I'm really pleased with the massive turnout we achieved. It's an event that we're hoping to establish in the calendar."

I feel that the process of checking IDs is extensive enough. Scanning IDs will just create more animosity. I hope they don't make fingerprinting compulsory as it represents yet another infringement of our civil liberties.

Katherine McHugh Final year, Philosophy

Sophie Chamberlain News Reporter

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Sophie Charles News Reporter Police are backing the use of fingerprinting in clubs in an attempt to lower levels of crime. Modern digital technology, including scanning people’s fingerprints, is proposed to be used in clubs across South Wales. Ladybird Lounge in Mill Lane is already using this technology to scan customers' driving licences or passports and also, optionally scanning their fingerprints so that they do not need to provide identification for future visits.

,, ,, ,, ,,

Joey Ellis

As efficient as it is, the First year, scanning proEnglish Literature cess will slow down entry into the clubs resulting in longer queues and unhappy partygoers! With people being forced to wait longer, they may be more likely to behave antisocially.

Abby Ferguson First year, Dentistry

I’ve known people who have had their ID stolen so that people underage can get into clubs and so I think fingerprinting is a really good idea – it could help reduce crime and ensure that everyone in the clubs are over 18.

“It’s a good idea as long as the information is kept strictly confidential. Obviously with such personal information, there is a risk of private details being shared.” Owner Gianluca Malacrino said that the system has already detected half a dozen fake IDs in the eight weeks it has been used for. He said “If all the venues in Cardiff did it, it would be a very good thing. It would reduce the level of crime without a shadow of a doubt.” Document details may be shared with the police, upon request, but the fingerprint scan remains confidential. Although it is expected that more clubs will invest in the

technology there are concerns over rights and freedom. Police have said they will consider requesting such systems in the future as a licensing condition for certain venues. Ed Bridges, who chairs Cardiff council’s licensing and public protection committee, said “Clubs can of course introduce these sorts of systems if they want to, that's a commercial decision on their part, but I don't believe a sys tem like this should be mandatory.” He continued “I don’t think South Wales Police should request it as a licensing condition.” South Wales Police, however believe that this technology could be “one of many tools available to keep Cardiff safe.” Licensing officer, Sgt Scott Lloyd said “By scanning identification, such as driving licences and passports, these systems can contribute to reducing and detecting crime by, for example, changing the mindset of potential troublemakers entering a venue, preventing underage drinking, and identifying offenders.” “It’s a good idea as long as the information is kept strictly confidential. Obviously with such personal information, there is a risk of private details being shared.” Although it is hoped that this system will reduce crime, one leading city councillor said it raised issues over civil liberties.

Virgin Media offers new customers the free Spotify Premium Service Virgin Media and the Spotify music service have teamed up to offer new customers buying Virgin’s 30Mbps or faster broadband package in the UK six months worth of free access to Spotify’s premium service. Spotify is a music service with a huge library of music tracks available to anyone to listen to at anytime. Spotify premium usually costs £9.99 a month but experts believe that this deal with Virgin will help it to compete against other music stores and streaming services such as Apple’s iTunes and Deezer, the French streaming music provider who announced last month a similar partnership with the mobile network Orange. In June 2010, Virgin Media announced plans to launch its own unlimited music subscription service. Even though initially Virgin managed to sign up with the record label Universal Music, it failed to sign up to the remaining major record labels EMI, Sony Music and Warner Music. Andreas Liffgarden, Spotify’s global head of telecom business development said “Telecoms companies moving into the music space increases revenue streams to the music industry and provides benefits for fans and artists alike”. By offering nine-month contracts, perfectly suited to the academic year, Virgin Media is a very popular broadband choice for students. Rebecca Johnson, a second year Business Management student commented: ‘I use Spotify regularly and I think it’s a good idea especially for students as music downloads can be expensive’. Customers who sign up to the contract with Virgin can listen to an unlimited number of music tracks on their computer and even their mobile phone, with no advert interruptions. There are also future plans involving customers who own a Virgin Tivo video recorder will be able to stream Spotify’s music straight to their television. Existing Virgin Media customers will get the six months of free service when they renew their contracts and those who already have Spotify will get the six months added on to their existing account.


06News

Matt Jones News Editor A deal worth £225,000 in University funding over the next three years has been renewed by Cardiff University and the bank Santander. The agreement, which follows on from a similar one made in 2008, was signed on October 28 by the University’s Vice-Chancellor Dr David Grant and Ana Botín, CEO of Santander UK. The funding will be distributed across several areas of the University, including the Student Development Unit, the Student Hardship Fund, the School of European Studies (EUROS) and Cardiff Business School. Some of the money will also be used to reward student entrepreneurship, and contribute to the Cardiff Racing team. The agreement is part of a scheme run by Santander which is aimed at improving education and research in Latin America by creating links to other universities worldwide. Currently this includes around 900 universities in 14 difference countries. In line with the bank’s Spanish heritage, the money given is intended to be used, amongst other things, to help make connections between Cardiff and universities in Hispanic countries. During the initial three-year deal, between 2008 and 2011, this involved students from the schools of EUROS and physics and astronomy being given financial assistance to spend a year in countries such as Peru and Mexico. It also provided funding for research and teaching links between staff and students in the School of Welsh and teaching institutions in Patagonia, the Welsh-speaking community in Argentina. Financially, the original deal in 2008 was for £150,000 of funding, although this eventually increased to £200,000 over the three-year period, and a University spokesperson

Joanne Faulkner News Reporter Suggestions for an upheaval in the way in which students apply for their university place have been published by the UK University admissions body. The proposal suggests a system in which students apply for university, after they’ve received their exam results. Presently, students must submit

Monday November 7 2011

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suggested that there were hopes that the total funding would reach around £500,000 over the full six years. The renewed deal should mean that more students benefit from the funding, with £2,500 going to the Student Hardship Fund to help students with financial difficulties. There is also a strong emphasis on encouragement of Small and Medium Enterprises, and improving services promoting student employability. Scholarships will also be widened to offer four undergraduate year abroad placements; previously they had been available only to post-graduates. Vice-chancellor David Grant said about the deal: ‘We welcome Santander’s generous support for students and researchers which will allow the University to develop a variety of academic projects, many of them building on our existing strong links with Spain, Portugal and Latin America. "The new agreement will also offer opportunities for students wishing to start business or social enterprises, and to develop other key employment skills." The scheme offers the opportunity for students from Latin America to come and study in Cardiff on scholarships. Whilst denying that the deal was partly motivated by the chance to attract international students, a spokesperson for the University did say that the deal was an opportunity to "widen scope" for links with other countries "cast the net wider" for attracting students to Cardiff. The University spokesperson also pointed out that the new deal includes funding for Cardiff Racing, the motor racing team run by the School of Engineering. The team is currently sponsored by Santander, who assist financially to compete in the IMech Formula Student league, and it is hoped that the company’s links to Formula 1 will benefit the team in the future.

their UCAS (Universities and Colleges Admissions Service) form by mid-January, thus relying on predicted grades, personal statements and teacher references to obtain an offer. UCAS argue that the current procedure is too complex. Mary Curnock Cook, UCAS chief executive, states the “unreliability of predicted grades” warrants a change. However doubts have emerged from the Department of Educa-

Matt Jones News Editor The new branch of Santander in the Student Union has now been officially opened. The bank, situated on the bottom floor of the building, was declared open in a ceremony involving Student Union President Marcus Coates-Walker and Santander CEO Ana Botín. However it has been open for business since the beginning of Fresher's Week. The installation of the bank has meant that the Union’s bookshop Blackwell’s has decreased in size considerably. Asked about the perhaps controversial choice of replacing part of the University bookshop with a bank, Finance and Commercial Officer Nick Matthew explained, "Blackwells requested a smaller space to rent within the SU due to financial constraints." "Santander approached us enquiring as to whether they could have a space within our building. We of course were only too happy to facilitate - having a bank in the SU offers a great service to students." He continued: "Santander in particular has a great range of products, especially for International students. Since 2007, Santander has also been heavily involved with the University scene, having donated over £500 million in the shape of scholarships, travel grants, support for special projects and academic and non-academic awards." Because the bank has only been trading for a very short amount of time, there are currently no figures about student usage available. However, Nick said that, "their marketing campaign around campus has led to huge amounts of interest, with lots of students engaging with their various sign up competitions."

tion, warning of the consequences of “big changes to the timetable for exam results”, which could mean A-level exams starting two weeks earlier then they do currently. Concerns have also been raised by the Russell Group of leading universities over the proposed changes. Speaking to the BBC, Director General of the Russel Group, Wendy Piatt expressed concerns that applying after exam results would not “give enough time for candidates to

make really informed decisions”. These views are echoed by some students at Cardiff University. Megan Rymell, a Philosophy student said “I think it should stay the same. A lot of people do better than they expected, only relying on your exam results would mean added pressure”. Leela Thomas, a Journalism student, stated “ I don’t think applying after your results is a good idea. It gives you little time apply and is un-

fair on university staff. I think your predicted grades are normally close to what you get and your personal statement is the most important part anyway” Tom Garrett, also a Journalism student, thinks the current system is good: “It gives you the motivation to do well. My predicted grades were low, which worried me, but made me want to improve”.


News 1-7

Opinion Politics Feature Science Societies Listings 9 -12 15 - 17 18 - 21 23 - 25 26 - 27 30 - 31

Sport 37 - 40

News07

Monday November 7 2011

Oceana's owner sent into administration Laura Evans News Editor At the end of last month, Luminar Group Holdings PLC, Britain’s biggest nightclub operator was sent into administration due to dramatic reductions in sales. The company, which possesses 77 clubs and bars across the country, is best known for its Oceana, Liquid and Lava & Ignite venues. It has been claimed that a plummet in youth employment, leaving almost a million without jobs, has hard hit the nightclubs. Luminar’s core audiences are students or young people aged 1824. Despite attempts to lure punters in by creating various weekly student events, unemployment rates and increasing student fees have been said to cause restrictions in expenditure, leading to a dramatic drop in the company’s sales. It was only last year that the

business launched their most recent brand ‘Fuzzy Logic’ which ran in 44 Luminar venues including Oceana, Cardiff on Monday nights. It claimed to be the quickly established in the student marketplace and that it was the country’s largest commercial student brand. The business recorded losses of £198m in the year to the end of February as sales dropped by 19% to £137m. These figures cast doubt on the future of up to 2,700 jobs for Luminar’s employees. Christina Tran, a second year studying Medical Pharmacology stated: “It's a bit of a shock since I thought it's been doing really well lately, and I was under the impression that it was promoted extensively; during Fresher’s last year, we went there a lot, and the themed nights made it such a great night out. So it's a shame to hear it's closing. "I thought it would be one of the clubs that would stick it out for quite a while. Saying that, there's such

a large number of clubs around Cardiff, I don't think it would make too big an impact on student nightlife. We've got places like Welsh Club, which tailors for a variety of people and different music tastes, so as long as something along the same lines comes along to replace Oceana, I don't see it as much of a problem.” Earlier this year, Luminar’s lenders agreed to waive banking covenants on a temporary basis but since then, the company has failed to turn itself around and was due to make payments to Lloyds, Barclays and Royal Bank of Scotland last week. As a result of this, their shares have been suspended and they have been forced to put themselves up for sale. However, the Milton Keynesbased company has only received offers for part of the business and reacted by saying these were not sufficient to generate returns for shareholders. It has been anticipated that

among those likely to take an interest in acquiring small numbers of sites from administrators is Steve Thomas, the former Chief Executive of Luminar. Thomas left the company last February and acquired three Luminar sites, converting them into burlesque clubs under the name of No Saints. He has not commented on whether he intends to invest in any further sites but stated: “I am clearly upset for all the people who have put in so much hard work over the years. Right now I am just digesting the news like everyone else.” Other potential buyers include US firm Sun Capital, owners of Atmosphere Bar & Clubs, which recently said it was keen to step up expansion plans with acquisitions. The Atmosphere business is largely made up of sites which used to be part of Luminar but were spun off some years ago and have been in and out of administration since.

Laura Evans News Editor

According to a traveller’s poll, Cardiff was voted in the top 10 best cities in the UK for its nightlife. Users of TripAdvisor have recently ranked Wales’ capital as providing the 7th best night out in the UK between Leeds at number 6 and Belfast at number 8. Apart from Brighton, which ranked 5th, and London in 3rd position, Cardiff was the most southerly city in the top 10 and the only welsh city to appear. Submitted between January 1 and September 16 this year, the poll was based on users reviews on TripAdvisor, discovering that the city, which gained first place, was Liverpool, followed by Manchester, suggesting the best nightlife seems to be up in the North. A TripAdvisor spokesperson commented on the fact London was placed 3rd: “To be named Britain’s third-best nightlife destination is an impressive finish, but lovers of London may have expected it to be placed higher.” Being ranked top 10 in the UK for nightlife, places Cardiff firmly on the social map, particularly following previous statistics regarding the National Geographic. This summer, Cardiff was ranked 6th in the National Geographic Traveller List alongside Patagonia in Argentina and Azores in Portugal. This position followed a total amount of 18.3 million visitors to the Welsh capital in 2010. Second year students Hannah Sperring, who studies Law and Marie Daniel studying Biomedical Science told Gair Rhydd: “We think its really good that other people are recognising how good Cardiff is. It’s also pretty impressive that the city is being recognised not only in the UK but worldwide too. We love how good the nightlife is, but also the fact that people are coming to visit from elsewhere.”


News Politics Feature Science Societies Listings 1 - 7 Opinion 15 - 17 18 - 21 23 - 25 26 - 27 30 - 31 9 - 12

Monday November 7 2011

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Sport 37 - 40

Opinion09

A benefit to society or punishing the poor?

Nick Evans Opinion Writer It may pain me to admit it but for once, I agree with David Cameron. The criminal justice system as it stands is 'too soft'. Whilst I do not agree with most of the proposed plans for the government's 2013 Universal Credit Scheme, which will drastically change how benefits are distributed in the UK and how the welfare state is shaped, I do, however, agree that the current system must be adapted. For example, criminals who default on their court debts having benefits cut by only £5 a week is preposterous. As it stands, if a person who receives state benefits is convicted of a crime and is unable to pay their court fines, they will have up to £5 a week deducted from their benefits until their debt is paid. The average benefit claimant currently receives roughly £67.50 a week on state benefits. While I don't doubt that £5 a week may make a difference to somebody who receives benefits, it is not substantial enough to deter individuals from committing crimes. The current proposal is to increase that fivefold to £25 which would represent 37% of the average claimant's benefit allowance. This proposal has been criticised on two fronts, both of which are flawed. Firstly, there is the claim that the increase is too dramatic, it has been suggested that the increase should be gradual, perhaps starting at £15 and working upwards. My argument is that any suggested increase would have been met with scorn and

criticism, at least the government is making a stand with its current deduction. Anybody in receipt of benefits would think twice before committing crime if they stood to lose 37% of their allowance. Another argument is that it is always the poorest in society who are targeted; those who are on benefits stand to lose the most. However, it is not people who receive benefits who will be affected by these changes, benefits are not being affected (by this measure at least). With this legislation, it is criminals, people who presumably know the law and who choose to break it, who will be affected. It could be said that these criminals have no choice but to resort to crime and that the state has failed in integrating them into society, but in my opinion the buck has to stop somewhere, we can't account for every crime committed by benefit claimants with state failure. Of the 1,350 people tried for civil unrest and crimes of a similar ilk in the riots across England in August, 40% were claiming state benefits of some form, although this goes down to 35% if we observe only those who were claiming out-of-work benefits. Statistics do not lie, here we see the poorest in society exploiting the system and essentially being allowed to get away with it. In my opinion, the proposed legislation will aid in preventing this trend from continuing offenders will have less incentive to re-offend and those who can least afford to commit crime will be less likely to commit it.

Thom Hollick Opinion Writer I don’t believe that punishing people for anti-social or criminal behaviour by removing their benefits is right, or indeed a good deal for anyone involved: from law-abiding taxpayers, to the benefit claimants themselves. Most of all, I am worried about the effects that it could have on society as a whole. Obviously I am not advocating a single policy for all law-breakers. If someone goes to prison then there is no point them continuing to receive housing support, but in cases where a custodial sentence is not given, I believe there are many good reasons why the state should continue to support them. Firstly, we need to consider what the aims of our justice system are. Primarily to punish those who commit wrongdoing, but also to rehabilitate them, so that they can contribute to society again and be less likely to re-offend. I can’t see how taking money from people who statistically tend to be from the lower income brackets of society, will make them less likely to commit crimes. Studies have shown that the link between a minimum standard of living and crime rates are closely linked, so there is certainly a lot to be said for reducing crime by making citizens more content with their lives. My second point is more of a sociological one: communities have never appeared more divided and trust for our fellow man seems to be at its lowest ebb. This proposal would, I believe, send us further along the

road to societal conflict between law-abiding taxpayers and benefit claimants, with the former stereotyping the latter as criminals. For young offenders in particular, we cannot afford to give them the impression in their formative years that the government and their local community are enemies; that they are essentially enemies of the state. This is certainly not conducive to a healthy society, especially given that these are not two distinct groups and over the course of their lives many people will move freely between them, as a result of circumstances beyond their control rather than necessity. I would encourage compassion, since you never know when you or someone you love may be unable to work or sustain a family, and need the safety net of the benefit system. That is why some benefits simply must remain universal, as the state should never allow someone to completely fall off the grid. Surely everyone is entitled to a minimum standard of life? Presumably, the deciding factor to sway this debate one way or another will be financial. Depending upon the scope of the policy, it could save some money on the government’s benefit bill, however, that currently stands at about £142 billion. On the other hand it would almost definitely cost the Department of Justice significantly more in deliberating sentences and processing appeals. After all, a miscarriage of justice and the removal of someone’s benefits could result in them being thrown out onto the streets, and I wouldn’t wish that upon anyone.


Opinion

10

Monday November 07 2011

gair

The gospel according to Dawkins

Will Stokes takes a look at the real validity of staunch atheist Richard Dawkins' anti-religious views in light of his new children's book The Magic of Reality...

S

o, Richard Dawkins has written a version of The God Delusion for children. Talented rhetorician that he is, it comes as little surprise that he finds tailoring atheism for the little ones easy. When one couples this with his view that religion is ‘a virus that attacks the young’ the result is, I suppose, what Dawkins would call the cure. The Magic of Reality: How we know what’s really true posits Dawkins’ anti-religious views gently to his young readers through a fully illustrated celebration of scientific discovery. I’m going to lay it down straight that I was a little irritated by this particular publication: not specifically because it is written for children, but simply because it is written as if everybody agrees with it; as though the debate is over. Much of what I’m talking about can be perceived in that title alone. It struck me as soon as I read it that the self-congratulatory title The Magic of Reality could equally be used by a Christian writer talking about the Bible. Or anyone talking about, well, anything. The advertisements for the book even carry the strapline: ‘Sometimes the truth is stranger than fiction’; a statement chasing its own tail so fast that it’s in danger of drilling itself into the ground. My point is this: simply entitling your book, especially one aimed at children, with some gratifyingly pseudo-objective statement that makes out you have unequivocally won an age-old debate is a fauxvictory; it is pretending. It is the literature-in-media equivalent of a child thinking he has won a quarrel with his sibling simply by repeating the words ‘is not’ more times than she can be bothered to repeat the word ‘is’. Unlike Mr Dawkins, his predecessors, such as Bertrand Russell, actually agreed to respectfully debate their theistic opponents, us-

ing arguments that could qualify as such. ‘Among contemporary [Christian] British scientists,’ our friend Richard writes in The God Delusion, 'the same three names crop up with the likeable familiarity of senior partners in a firm of Dickensian lawyers: Peacocke, Stannard and Polkinghorne.’ Just to clarify where Mr Dawkins has not: that’s Arthur Peacocke MBE: Oxford Lecturer in Biochemistry and Lecomte du Noüy prize winner, Russell Stannard OBE, high-energy particle physicist and winner of the Bragg medal and Prize for the Institute of Physics, and Professor Sir John Polkinghorne, Cambridge professor of mathematical physics and winner of the Templeton prize. Fantastic. An evolutionary scientist who claims to oppose Christianity on intellectual grounds has resorted to dismissing his opposition by, er, teasing them about their names. 1-0: Atheism! Dawkins is writing his book(s) as if the debate is over, but is actually skirting around the debate altogether, literally in some cases: recently he published an article for The Guardian explaining why he refuses to debate with outspoken Christian apologist William Lane Craig. I encourage you, dear reader, to look at it yourself and try to find any actual reason in the piece. Watching a recent interview with Jeremy Paxman about The Magic of Reality, I noticed that Dawkins couldn’t utter a sentence about religious tradition without adding a word like ‘hilarious' or ‘amusing’, with a wry smile. It was as if he had to keep driving his argument home, in case the entire book about it hadn’t quite done the job. I suppose I just find it fascinating that for a man who writes as if it’s taken for granted that all religion is false, Mr Dawkins still speaks as if it’s a point that he vehemently (and aggressively) needs to defend. My theory is that it’s because in reality the points put forward in his books don’t hold enough water to be left to speak for themselves. Cynicism, rhetoric and wit are constantly re-

quired to fill the gaping holes in such arguments. Apart from anything else, if Dawkins is really attempting to entirely invalidate the idea of the supernatural, or ‘magic’, doesn’t that render the title The Magic of Reality a bit of an oxymoron? It’s a fine line to tread, wowing your audience with the ‘magic’ of science, yet using that same information to disprove God, f o r when y o u g e t down to it the nat-

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ural and the supernatural really become rather similar in their nature. The Magic of Reality actively works to dismiss the credibility of the New Testament, but it doesn’t take a stalwart intellectual to spot the paradox in the assertion that it is perfectly conceivable that single-celled bacteria became fully functioning human beings. Or that the perceivable universe began around 13.7 billion years ago after taking a trillion-trillionth of a second to expand from a mass of only a few millimetres across to a cosmos of astronomical proportions. Yet somehow it is ludicrous to believe that a jug of water could be turned

“ into some wine by the person who claimed to have made all of that happen. Furthermore, while some would decide that yes: scientific reason and logic say that water couldn’t possibly become wine, the rest of us are left with the rather amusing image of an evolutionary biologist desperately arguing that something could not possibly change into something else. Feel free to disagree with anything I’ve said of course, but I’ll probably just publish an article making jokes about your hair colour.

any article you have to respond, please


News Politics Feature Science Societies Listings 1 - 7 Opinion 15 - 17 18 - 21 23 - 25 26 - 27 30 - 31 9 - 12

Monday November 07 2011

Sport 37 - 40

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Opinion11

From the bookshelf A weighty issue of discrimination to the box office Tom Garrett Opinion Writer Film adaptations of books are often met with criticism that they don’t live up to the source material, are unfaithful to the book or even poorly made as a whole. Ones that immediately come to mind are the Harry Potter and Twilight series, but there are obviously many more. However, the recent release of We Need to Talk about Kevin is a rare success story. The tale of a mother whose teenage son becomes a killer stays faithful to the book but also add a new flare of life to the story. So, when considering whether film adaptations ever live up to the book, I believe the answer is yes they can, but it’s rare. Film writers and directors often take the easy route of producing a very loose adaption of a novel. Take Frankenstein, Mary Shelley’s 18th century masterpiece; its 1994 film adaption strayed far from the novel in several key moments, including the death of the monster which was most definitely not in the original novel but added by director Kenneth Branagh for heightened drama. Then there are those such as Khaled Hosseini’s The Kite Runner; whilst the novel delivers emotional punch and shock value, the film leaves out some of its more distressing moments, taking away impact from the story.

The problem is that what makes a good book isn’t necessarily cut out to be a good film. A book has the advantage of being able to draw the reader in over a long period of time, building up to a moment with nuanced description that lingers with you. While a film can do this, time restrictions mean that impact must be achieved in a different way and for some films, especially adaptations of much longer books, there is simply not time for every subtlety to be conveyed. There are success stories out there. Alice Sebold’s The Lovely Bones was relatively well adapted. Elements were changed and subplots left out, but it is possible to see why and it does not take away from the overall feel of the film. The emotional core is still there and goes to prove successful adaptations can be made without feeling the need to include every plot detail. Returning to the aforementioned Harry Potter series, it is true that they were met with some criticism, but that was only to be expected when considering the immense popularity of the books and the thousands of eager fans, each with their own expectations. Each of these books are so long and densely packed with detail that a screenwriter is faced with the near impossible task of fitting everything in, meaning he or she is required to prioritise certain aspects and omit others. It must be said, however, that the writers and directors of the films have done something right, ultimately creating one of the most popular film franchises of all time. A film is never going to be an exact copy of the book and, for practical reasons, there are always going to be changes. We, as an audience, must expect alterations in order for the film to run more smoothly and it must be remembered that it will not always follow that a great book means a great film.

Charlotte Wace Opinion Writer Open any women’s magazine and I guarantee you will find at least one article about weight. Often its the ‘ill and gaunt’ celebrity, murderously guilty of ‘promoting anorexia’ in the limelight, but reappears three months later when their ‘weight balloons from comfort eating’. Enter any clothes store changing room and hear at least one mournful wail of ‘I look so fat’ or go into any supermarket at lunchtime and witness the calorie police scrutinizing their sandwich’s nutritional credentials as if it were their first pay slip. But society’s obsession with size is not just confined to women. Take the local gym, where men nearly fall off the treadmill when the ‘legend’ that looks like Popeye after a spinach binge walks through the door. Yet, the 20 stone guy who gets out of breath just walking to the counter of Burger King is regarded with self-righteous disgust. Rates of obesity and eating disorders have both risen dramatically over the last decade, yet the pressure to be ‘the right shape’ is stronger than ever. So

how do we as a society feel about the non-conformists? How much do we notice people’s shape? According to a study by the Daily Mail, 54% of women said one of the first things they noticed was a woman’s waist size. More worrying were the findings of the website Personnel Today, where it emerged 93% of HR professionals would choose a ‘normal weight’ candidate over a bigger applicant with the same experience and qualifications. There is the famous old adage by Wallis Simpson: “You can never be too rich or too thin,” that implies we equate thinness with success. The very word ‘fat’ as we know it carries connotations of laziness, gluttony, poor education and lack of self-discipline. Why would you be overweight when you know the health risks? Yes, obesity increases the risk of diabetes and heart disease and being overweight OR underweight weakens the immune system. But smoking and drinking to excess represent far more serious health – and social – risks. So why is it that, these days, the greater moral outrage is reserved for those who are too fat or too thin? Perhaps like many forms of prejudice, ‘sizeism’ is possibly based on fear. Curvy role model Beth Ditto said in a recent interview: “I think men fear me sometimes. I played in

Greece last summer and, I swear, when I went into the crowd, people actually ran away from me.” Perhaps men find a woman who is physically larger than themselves threatening? It may be that as prejudices such as homophobia and sexism have become less acceptable, a new but equally unwarranted discrimination has replaced them. So don’t we all need to become a little less judgmental? For all we know, that lardass ordering a double cheeseburger may be an environmental genius on the brink of saving the planet, but eating to cope with the stress of his job. And the fat kid on the bus may not be an idle couch potato but an asthmatic suffering from the side effects of steroids. Equally, the narcissistic size zero woman in the queue in Boots may be a schizophrenic with a Class A drug habit, who’s unable to put weight on. In so many cases, someone’s size and shape is a physical reflection not just of their diet but what life has served them up, and that is something that our increasingly shallow society fails to consider. Give them a break. They may have a lot more on their plate than you think.

A night of drinking, dancing and... fingerprinting? Becky Parker Opinion Writer The new fingerprinting initiative that could hit Cardiff’s club scene, that means anyone who enters a Cardiff club will have their driver’s license or passport and fingerprints scanned, has already made quite an impact. The new policy has divided opinions across Cardiff City Council, and seems to have sparked fierce debates on the importance of our right to privacy. Cardiff police are firmly backing the scheme, which would allow more vigilant control over who enters clubs, but that is not surpris-

ing if we consider how much has already been done by the authorities to create a surveillance state. CCTV cameras, DNA databases, phone call and email monitoring are just a few examples. They argue that the fingerprinting scheme is an efficient way of making a record of past anti-social behaviour instantly accessible to the nightclub, and thus act as a screening process. If customers agree, venue owners could also have the advantage of being able to use the information for marketing purposes. Obviously there are some advantages to this plan: it could mean you don’t have to always carry your ID

with you, and any trouble-makers or underage party-goers would instantly find themselves barred from every club in Cardiff. Perhaps the added surveillance would act as a deterrent and nights out would be safer and calmer. But it must be asked whether this is enough of a gain in security for sacrificing another of our rights to privacy. You don’t have to be a lover of George Orwell to sense that this has an overall feeling of 1984 and a Big Brother style surveillance state. Perhaps it is another logical progression in an ever-advancing technological world but is it an example of monitoring gone too far?

Some aspects of the scheme, such as scanning driver’s licenses to spot fakes, are non-intrusive and could save a great deal of illegal activity, but other parts of the policy must lead us to ask how much we are willing to sacrifice for the authorities’ convenience. After all, we already expect serious trouble-makers to be arrested and, in due course, given a criminal record. Surely that should be deterrent enough, and if not then maybe the issue relates more to policing or street safety and should therefore be addressed by the government rather than Cardiff nightclub owners. Obviously it is not as simple

as just saying ‘yes’ or ‘no’ to the scheme, and although there are bound to be people standing firmly on either side of the fence, it is clear that more detail regarding the new system needs to be made available. For example, if the fingerprinting is kept optional thus not infringing upon civil liberties, then perhaps the scheme has more merits than flaws. If clubs make a firm commitment to implement the new initiative in a responsible way, for example seeking permission before passing on information that could be used for marketing, then this need not be the violation of privacy that so many of us fear.


Columnist

12

W

hen looking for inspiration on writing this week’s beautifully crafted, witty and insightful edition of my column, ahem… I went through endless national newspapers, magazines and websites; I even watched Sky News for the whole day. Nothing. I needn’t have looked quite so far, oh no. I merely needed to flick through last week’s edition of gair rhydd to find an opinion article entitled ‘Promiscuity doesn’t need to be a dirty word’, in which it was argued that “promiscuity, or lack thereof, is simply another lifestyle choice, something up to you as an individual”. Yes, yes it is, it is a lifestyle choice, each to their own, leave it up to me, blah, blah, blah. Some days I wear boots; some days I wear shoes. Some days I wear jeans, some days leggings, some days I cook, some days I get a take-away; all lifestyle choices. “We’re all old enough to make our own decisions”. Precisely. The writer says “I am myself probably the least slutty person I know”. Well good for you my darling, good for you. I don’t care. Would it matter if I were the most slutty person I know?

What is a slut? I just don’t know. Oh god this is all just so frustrating. What if I were a slut, but a really nice one? Does that count for anything? What if I were a really clever slut? Does that make it better? Go on, pass judgment on me, pass comment. Promiscuity, casual sexual relationships, who said anything about promiscuity being really slutty? Oh god. I’m mesmerized by this whirlwind of what I should and shouldn’t be doing. I’ve lost the line between right and wrong. If someone could write me a handbook into what I can and cannot do that would be really great. What even is ‘getting around’? I travel around Cardiff by foot, does that make me a slut?

“ “At the end of the day, some people like sex”. Ouch. Ouch. “Some”?

Monday November 07 2011

“Some people like sex and don’t want to be in a relationship.” It’s opinions such as these that aggravate me, can you tell? Some people like sex not just at the 'end of the day', some people like it at lunchtime, maybe even at breakfast. And some people like it casual. To have a casual relationship does not warrant someone to be judged shallow or superficial. Some might say it’s the sensible thing to do. People aren’t in casual relationships (well I’m sure some of them are) because they 'like sex', that is not the fundamental reason. In addition, I hate that generalization, seeing as everyone is an individual and oh so unique. 'People' might be in casual relationships because it fits in better with their lifestyle, because such 'people' might be students, and busy, and stressed, and the worst possible edition to such a lifestyle choice might be to burden themselves with a relationship that would be better suited to them when they are twenty five, thirty, not nineteen. Guys and girls, I just sensed a feeling of superiority to the article, a subtle sense of judgment. And judging was exactly what the writer told us not to do. If you want to make a sweeping statement such as “some people like sex and don’t want to be in a relationship” you could liken it to ‘some people like food, but don’t want to eat in a restaurant’. It’s a similar fundamental choice, some people don’t like the formalities, and the use of the correct cutlery, in the correct order can be stressful. Choosing the right meal can be stressful, the right drink… etc, you get my drift.

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I like food (those that know me, will know that to be an understatement) and sometimes I eat in restaurants. I’m also equally happy to eat at home, with my food on a tray on my lap. Do you see what I’m getting at? That’s a lifestyle choice. If I like something; I’ll do it in whichever way I see fit. Do not write home about it. Judge away. I really could not care less. Yes, promiscuity is not a dirty word. Agreed. "Let’s have the maturity to respect

those decisions made by others”. Yes let’s, and let’s have the maturity and respect to also realise that everyone’s situation is different, which warrants different choices. We’re not all as lucky as others. We’re not all the same. Therefore none of our situations are ever wholly the same. I can’t help but come to a similar conclusion to the writer of the arti-

“ cle though, which infuriates me even more, and yet I am torn between two conclusions. Perhaps we need to clarify the meaning to some words, or perhaps we all need to get out more? Maybe we all need to stop worrying what other people are doing; perhaps we all need to conform to what people think we should be doing. Oh so oxymoronic. So confusing! Lessons learnt. To be a 'slut' or a 'lad' and whether or not being a girl who gets around should be labeled a 'slut' is one issue. Whether promiscuity is offensive is another. 'Slut' – offensive, promiscuity? Nah. All dealt with in one short paragraph. So dear reader, if you are shagging about. I have no problem with that, and dear reader, if you’re in a great relationship, I also have no problem whatsoever with that. If you are in a relationship though, don’t look down on those who are not, and vice versa. Just don’t hurt anyone. Yes, yes, just don’t hurt anyone. Tricky. Instead of leaving it there, I am going to offer you some advice that I recently gave to an acquaintance of mine; she's younger than I, making the mistakes I made at her age. The advice I gave her were the words of Baz Luhrmann, from the song ‘Wear sunscreen’. Here is the advice all you sluts, lads, and all you good people in good relationships. All of you: Listen up: “Don’t worry about the future; or worry, but know that worrying is as effective as trying to solve an algebra equation by chewing bubblegum. The real troubles in your life are apt to be things that never crossed your worried mind; the kind that blindside you at 4pm on some idle Tuesday. Do one thing everyday that scares you. Sing. Don’t be reckless

gairrhydd

with other people’s hearts, don’t put up with people who are reckless with yours. Floss. Don’t waste your time on jealousy; sometimes you’re ahead, sometimes you’re behind…the race is long, and in the end, it’s only with yourself. Remember the compliments you receive, forget the insults.”

coincidentally... ceive £40,000 per every appearance he makes on Match of the Day? Good for him surely? It’s his job, he does it well, pay him. Is it a little excessive though? Pay me half that and I’ll do it, but if it were me only my mum would tune in to watch. Pay Alan, and people respect what he has to say. He works in the realms of the media, where salaries are high, but I do think perhaps we have reason to question his salary; the BBC is after all, a public service. How can this epic salary be justified? Could this just be a case of wanting what other people have got? I wouldn’t complain if the editor of gair rhydd decided to pay me £40,000 for every edition of 'incidentally'. But perhaps you would all feel angered.

schools Health Education Unit interviewed 83,000 pupils about their eating habits and discovered that many are influenced by celebrity gossip and put a high priority on good looks. This goes to show once again, that the Government is about ten years behind the times. Why have they only just realised this? The study showed that almost one third of year 10 girls admitted they skipped breakfast and 24% said they had missed lunch the day before. The pursuit of perfection begins so young, god help them. The pressures are mounting, where will it stop? Ban the gossip magazines; stop them from putting such importance on image. Please. Before this gets out of hand. Oh wait, it already has.


Feature Science Societies Listings News Opinion 23 - 25 26 - 27 1-7 9 - 12 Politics 18 - 21 30 - 31 15 - 17

Monday November 07 2011

Sport 37 - 40

gair

Politics15

Mustafa Hameed reflects on his political stance toward the Saudi Arabian government and why he is not taking hold of such a sacred tradition

I

t is the time of year in the Islamic calendar when millions of Muslims from across the globe descend on the holy city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia for the annual Hajj pilgrimage. Hajj is one of the five indispensible pillars of the Islamic faith which every Muslim must fulfil at least once in their lifetime. For many Muslims, the Hajj will form the apex of their religious experience. Like all pilgrimages, it is one of the mind, body and the soul. Many of you may have seen the annual news coverage of the sea of Muslim pilgrims of all races draped in nothing but two simple white shrouds circumambulating gently around the black cube known as the Ka’ba. It is an undeniably beautiful and poignant sight to behold whatever your ideological bent might be. For me the Hajj has always symbolised the transcending of racial, class and gender barriers. It is one of the most powerful expressions of social equality one will ever witness. Both King and pauper stand side by side becoming equals as they bow their heads in humility acknowledging a power greater than themselves as they cast their ego aside. Indeed, It is was the simple experience of Hajj which led Malcolm X to radically change his extremist views from the ‘white devil’ hating Islam that he had learned from the Nation of Islam to Islam’s true message of peace, love and the brotherhood of mankind. In the last few years I have been given the chance to go on an all expense paid trip to Hajj by my dear mum (God bless her). However, each year I have blankly but respectfully refused her offer. You may be surprised to read this given the way I just plugged the Hajj like some Saudi Thomas Cook travel agent on commission. But my objections against Hajj are based on moral and ethical grounds, indeed, it is a political protest against the iniquities of the Saudi regime and their growing canon of human rights abuses under the indifferent gaze of the international community. Last week it was brought to our attention that eight Bangladeshi migrant workers were publically executed under the barbaric Saudi penal code. Saudi Arabia has a warped interpretation of Islam. It is an interpretation which ensures that the monopoly of power and wealth remain in the hands of a few self-appointed leaders who are all related. Women were only granted the right to vote a few weeks ago and will be able to run as candidates in regional elections only (they can exercise this in 2015). However, if any women in Saudi Arabia are think-

ing of driving to the ballet box, they can think again – women have not been granted this simple right yet. Furthermore, funded by the petrol dollar, Saudi Arabia has managed to spread its malevolent interpretation of Islam to all four corners of the globe through the dissemination of their religious literature which feeds the mind of religious fanatics. Paradoxically, as reported by Amnesty International and other human rights groups, the kingdom also uses draconian laws to arrest people without trial under the guise of its antiterror laws. In some cases individuals have completely disappeared and in others reappeared after a long p er i od of unlawful

cotting the Hajj, Muslims will be protesting against the barbaric interpretation of Islam preached by the Saudis. For me, such a protest would be akin to a Lutherean- style of reclaiming religious interpretation for myself. A tyrannical regime such as the Saudis needs to be challenged theologically as well as politically. By framing protests in a vernacular familiar to them, we will essentially challenge the regime’s raison d’être.

detention. Many Muslims will object to my stance of boycotting the Hajj and cry out the proverbial render unto God that which belongs to God. What has all of the above got to do with the religious ritual obligation of Hajj? Shouldn’t religion and politics be kept in separate, tight compartments? I would argue that by boycotting the Hajj we have a chance to deliver a two-fold blow to the Saudi regime. The first will be an economic one since Hajj generates billions of dollars of revenue for the Saudi government. Although this may be an insignificant blow to a country saturated in oil, no one likes to lose money especially creasy Bedouins like the House of Saud. But it is the second form of protest which would have greater repercussions because of its symbolically powerful nature. In boy-

It would be hypocritical of me to go on Hajj knowing all I know about the Saudi regime. It would be a pilgrimage in body devoid of a soul, an empty ritual with no significance outside of itself. I was always taught that any religious act of faith must have a tangible manifestation, a rippling of goodness that emanates from its core to the outside world. This transformative power of religion on the terrestrial plane has always been the mainstay of the world’s great traditions and their proponents. History has shown us time and time again that faith has the power to move mountains.

This has always been the way of ‘good’ faith, the healthy type like that of Buddha who protested against the Hindu caste system, or the faith of Gandhi and Martin Luther King Jr. Theirs was a stubborn faith that did not allow them to turn a blind eye to the social injustices in the world they found themselves in. Gandhi once remarked that he who says that religion and politics don’t go together hasn’t understood politics. When Muhammad preached the religion of Islam in seventh century Mecca he came with a bundle of egalitarian enterprises which were hugely ahead of their time; he raised the status of women, orphans and slaves a n d g rante d

them rights, some of which were unmatched by Europe even into the 19th century, such as giving women the right to vote and own their own wealth and property. The recent concessions made by the Saudi government are halfhearted measures to appease the pro-revolutionary sentiments currently brewing in the kingdom. Although the Arab Spring has yet to reach the arid lands of Saudi Arabia, there have been reports of a number of small anti-government protests which have unsurprisingly been quashed before they gather momentum such as in the region of Qatif as reported by Reuters. Furthermore, even the slightest waft of a revolution in neighbouring Arab states seem to strike fear into the heart of the Saudi regime. This explains why Saudi Arabia have sent

their own troops into Bahrain to break-up growing protests by the Shia communities. Many Muslim theologians, along with other political leaders, have weakly called on the country to declare a moratorium (suspension, not a ban) on the use of the death penalty. As a Muslim, I’m also protesting against such indifferent theological hair-splitting. There is something deeply inhumane about those individuals who choose to quibble about abstruse theological questions whilst individuals are being hacked and hanged to death. But it is not only Islamic scholars who are to blame. Due to Saudi Arabia’s strategic location, a country with huge oil reserves, it has been granted an alarming degree of impunity by our own politicians who continue to place profit before people. Buried deep beneath the veneer of Hajj is a countless list of human rights abuses committed by the Saudi government. We are only now realising the mammoth implications of united global political protests made possible through technology. Such protests have the capacity to be organised and implemented within weeks. This is a technological grace which literally saves lives. We have seen how the pressure threshold of a government is strained and lowered as long as the masses continue to apply that pressure. I, for one, would love to see the triumphant spectacle of over one billion voices of the Muslim world crying out in unison against the plethora of human rights abuses committed by the Saudi regime. I hasten to add also that Mecca, the birthplace of Islam, is considered to be the capital of the Muslim world and one cannot but imagine the rippling implications for the rest of the region. To my immediate family and friends my stance is viewed to be outright sacrilegious. But my understanding of Islam is not one of a literalist reading, which is always the pernicious foundations of extremism. It is a symbolic reading where I consider the Hajj to be the manifestation of the highest form of equality sanctioned by the divine hand of God itself. Such a symbolic reading cannot exist when the backdrop is the total opposite. Muslims need to reappropriate the symbol of Hajj as that emblem of equality originally intended by the Prophet Muhammad. This for me would be akin to a political pilgrimage which will most definitely be accepted by God. After all, the Quran itself declares that ‘whithersoever you turn, there is the Face of God’ (Quran 2:115). So, this year, once again, Mum, I’m sorry, I can’t possibly think of going on Hajj.


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Politics

Luke Slade Political Editor Recent government plans concerning the NHS have been considered some of the most radical plans seen in the history of the health service. The plans were even put on hold in the Spring after so much criticism from MPs and health unions. After a rewrite and watering down of the plans it has made its way through the House of Commons and is on its way to the House of Lords and beyond. Under the plans, GPs and other clinicians will be given much more responsibility for spending the budget in England and competition is to be encouraged within the private sector. All this controversy begs the question: why did we need the changes in the first place? Cameron may have said that the NHS will not be cut, but that does not mean it is immune from making savings. These savings mean that the NHS is going to face a challenging time. Costs in the NHS are rising at a much higher rate than inflation,

due to factors like the ageing population, cost of new drugs and treatments and lifestyle factors (such as obesity). To cope, the NHS has been asked to make savings of up to £20bn by 2015. This is for a service that has become gradually less productive over the past decade. It appears that services will suf-

Monday November 07 2011

fer if this challenge is not met. There could be more rationing and even longer waiting lists. Ministers believe that this overhaul is what will help to the NHS to meet its challenges. The cost of the changes is estimated at £14bn and will mostly come from 20,000 management and administrative staff being made redundant from health authorities, PCTs and the Department of Health. A reduction predicted to save £5bn by 2015. One of the noticeable changes which has been proposed is the encouragement of competition from the private sector. For the most part this is nothing new for the NHS. Labour encouraged the private sector to involve themselves in elective operations but this only covered 3.5% of operations. Simply, for every £20 spent in the NHS £1 goes to a private healthcare provider. With that said it appears to be clear we are not moving towards privatisation but merely trying to balance out the role of competi-

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tion. In contrast to this, the Welsh Government has pledged to eliminate the use of the private sector hospitals and private financial initiatives. Andrew Lansley, the Health Secretary, in 2010 said that the changes were all about reducing NHS bureaucracy. He set out to remove two layers of management (151 primary care trusts and 10 regional health authorities), which would be replaced by GP consortia. But, in trying to appease its critics, the complexity of the system has increased. GP consortia, or its new rendition clinical commissioning groups will be at the bottom of management reflecting the fact that other health professionals will get more involved. Clinical senates, covering a range of health professionals, are also being rendered to offer advice. It sounds like a more complicated system than the current straight structure. David Cameron’s confidence on

September 7 when he stood up in the House of Commons was quite tangible. After all, he had helped to oversee an extensive consultation exercise for the health reforms involving more than 200 public events. Within hours the Royal College of Nursing and Royal College of GPs issued statements saying they still opposed parts of the plans. Putting the Prime Minister firmly in his place. The British Medical Association, which represents over 100,000 doctors, also remains opposed, arguing the bill should be withdrawn. The fact that so many can be against these changes even after its changes (or feeble watering down) implies there not only needs to be more appropriate changes to the plans but also to the decision making process. It is clear the NHS needs to change but relying on the private sector and being forced into increasing bureaucracy is a weak attempt at change.

Pressing calls for Welsh NHS reforms Political Editor Sophie Gidley outlines Kirsty Williams' recent comments on the Welsh NHS patient treatment failure amid concerns facing recent government proposals for a five-year health plan

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elsh Liberal Democrats leader, Kirsty Williams, has raised fears over the future of the Welsh NHS Accident and Emergency service following criticism over waiting time statistics. The Welsh Government says that 95% of patients should be dealt with within four hours but over the past three years these figures have drastically fallen short of the mark. In December 2010, figures showed that 3,208 patients waited more than eight hours for hospital treatment in Welsh A&E departments; a figure that had doubled in comparison to the previous year. Figures also revealed that 11,318 of those patients had to wait more than four hours in A&E. This poor trend has continued into this year with all of Wales' health boards missing the target of 95% of A&E patients to be seen within four hours. Williams commented, “We really need our A&E departments to be improving as it is completely unacceptable to expect patients to wait over four hours and in some cases

over eight hours to be seen by a clinician. Whilst there are sometimes improvements month on month, these Government set targets are missed every single month. Not once were they met in 2010 and I am sad to say that this pattern is continuing in 2011.” Whilst praising frontline staff for working hard she added, “Government targets continue to keep being missed which must be incredibly demoralising for NHS staff. It must be noted that this isn’t just a problem with our A&E departments, it a problem in our NHS as a whole. There have recently been campaigns to encourage patients to think about which service would best suit their needs. We wholeheartedly support these campaigns as it would help immensely if patients with routine conditions did not come to A&E, easing the pressure on staff and therefore shortening waiting times for other patients.” In light of such statistics it has arisen that Ysbyty Glan Clwyd Hospital, North Wales, has the worst waiting time performances in Wales with one in four patients waiting more than four hours for

treatment. Williams concerns for A&E waiting times is not the only concerns raised over the Welsh NHS and her criticism has coincided with a new government proposal for a general five-year plan led by Welsh Health Minister Lesley Griffiths. The Minister outlined the proposal on November 1 in which she called for “urgent change”. The proposal aims to make Welsh Health Care of world-class quality by facing up to its failures and adopting reformist actions to address such issues. It is also hoped that Together for Health plan will create 'clinical networks' aimed at treating more patients in the community and 'centres of excellence' to provide quick access to specialist care. Griffiths stated, "I strongly believe that within the NHS there is an urgent need for change. Rising expectations, driven by medical advances and changing patterns of disease and demography, means the status quo is not an option.” With the NHS struggling under the pressure of the current economic climate Griffiths added, “Due to the financial challenges the NHS faces we have to act now."

However, the proposal has already come under criticism from many oppositional parties who argue that it lacks vision and detail. Williams herself condemned the report by insisting that the government had not moved on since the assembly government's Designed

for Life report back in 2005. It is clear that drastic action needs to be taken if government targets are to be met. However, until a clear and defined proposal is introduced and is supported by all parties it seems that Welsh NHS troubles are set to continue.


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Tomáš Evans Political Reporter On October 29, Michael D. Higgins of the Irish Labour Party was formally declared Ireland's Presidentelect, after emerging victorious from last Thursday's election with over one million votes. He will officially become Ireland's ninth head of state following his inauguration on 11th November, marking the beginning of a seven year term. To stand for president a candidate must have the support of at least twenty members of parliament or four local authorities. Come election day, voters rank all the candidates in order of preference, with weaker candidates being eliminated in a series of counts. Mr. Higgins received 39.6% first preference votes, substantially more than his nearest rival, Sean Gallagher, who managed to rally 28.5%, despite a corruption scandal. In the final count, Higgins gained an extra 306,003 votes, carrying him well past the threshold to an impressive 61.6%. Although popular amongst voters, his victory was by no means a forgone conclusion. Ireland's thirteenth presidential election saw a record seven candidates standing for office. Yet, through a mixture of his own strength and his opponents' weaknesses he managed to come through.

In the final count Higgins received an impressive 61.6%

The election confirmed that Fianna Fáil, credited with bringing economic disaster to Ireland, is still a toxic brand. Not only did they not run a candidate, when links with independent front-runner Sean Gallagher were exposed, he sunk to second place in the polls.

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Higgins also performed well during the debates. Jonathan, a Welsh student studying Music at Dublin's Trinity College, said that following the debates he noticed many fellow students supporting his campaign. During one on Irish language TV, he was the only candidate who spoke unbroken Irish, winning him substantial support from the Gaeltacht; regions where Irish is the predominant language. ''He's great! He says what he actually means'', added Jonathan. 'Michael D.', as he is affectionately known, certainly pulls no punches; during an interview with Tea Party conservative Michael Graham, he accused him of being a ''wanker whipping up fear''!

The political position he has taken is grounded in the idea that all citizens are equal

Although Mr. Higgins briefly joined centrists Fianna Fáil at university, which was questioned during the campaign, he soon moved to the Labour Party and has since been a vocal from the Left. The political positions he has taken are grounded in the republican idea that all citizens are equal. Domestically, he campaigned for ending the status of illegitimacy making children equal, contraception, divorce and women's rights, equal pay for women and men, as well as civil unions. A stalwart peace campaigner, in 1992 the International Peace Bureau awarded him their inaugural Sean McBride International Peace Prize. Consistently standing up for human rights earned him a reputation as a ferocious critic of the Reagan Administration's Latin American policy and Apartheid in South Africa. More recently, he spoke out against the Iraq War, the

Irish Government's complicity in 'extraordinary rendition' and the Gaza blockade. Mr. Higgins has a wide range of experience in both national and local government, having served in both upper and lower houses of Ireland's parliament, as well as two tenures as Mayor of Galway. Although he consistently argued against being in coalition with conservative Fine Gael during the 1980s, he served as Minister for the Arts, Culture and Gaeltacht, in the coalition governments of the 1990s, enabling him to introduce various democratising measures. Section 31 of the Broadcasting Act, first brought in by Fianna Fáil in 1971 and later strengthened by Labour in 1977, which was used to censor media coverage of the Troubles, was scrapped. Being fluent in Irish Mr. Higgins was no doubt sympathetic to lan-

guage campaigners who had lobbied for a Gaelic TV station, with no avail, since 1969. A sympathy translated into action; in 1996 'Teilifí na Gaeilge' finally went on air, as part a wider strategy aimed at invigorating the industry that included reestablishing the Irish Film Board.

Mr Higgins has a wide range of experience in both national and local government

However, the role of President is largely ceremonial, which is perhaps why the candidates who focused on policy, rather than overarching values, were left behind. This presidency will coincide with the centenary of the 1916 Easter Rising, which kick-started the

journey to independence. Presidencies by either Fine Gael, who accepted partition, or Sinn Fein, who fought against it, had the potential to be divisive. In contrast, commentators from across the political divide have welcomed a Higgins victory as unifying. As soon as the result was declared, he resigned his membership of the Labour Party, pledging to be ''a president for all the people''. ''I am very glad that it is a presidency built on a campaign that emphasised ideas. I hope it will be a presidency that will enable everybody to be part of and proud of''. Whether he will be able to live up to his principles and pledges, only time will tell for certain. No matter the record of a candidate, or the promises they make, it serves to remember; although ideals don't disappoint, politicians invariably do.

Politics in pictures

Palestine finally became a full member of Tibetan protesters clashed with Nepalese Somali famine refugees fled Kenyan troops in pursuit of Islamist al-Shabab militants police at a monastry in Western China UNESCO after 107 voted in favour


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Living with a Disability.

This week Catherine Mackintosh raises our awareness about having a disability at university, and tells us all about her role as Students with Disabilities officer.

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isability officer? So what do you do for that? Make sure there are lifts and ramps and stuff ?” Since being elected as the SWD (Students with Disabilities) officer I get questions like this all time. And yes, part of what I do is assess the access of the Union and University buildings, however, there's actually a bit more to it than that. My job is to be a representative for students with all kinds of disabilities, and make sure they are being provided with the support they need during their time at University. However, this often involves doing work aimed at the rest of the student body. In fact, one of the most important parts of my job is raising awareness about disability amongst the masses, because one of the hardest things to face as a student with a disability at University, is the attitudes and reactions of others that you may have to deal with everyday. For a lot of people, when they hear the word “disabled” they automatically think of somebody in a wheelchair. Having a physical impairment or mobility issue can, obviously, make getting around Cardiff and the University buildings a nightmare - something the rest of us take for granted. If you're in a society, for example, it's likely that at some point a big group of you will have headed downstairs in the Woody and gathered around the tables in the beer garden.

It probably wouldn't even occur to you that if someone who was physically disabled wanted to be involved in that social, they might not actually be able to get there. It can be indescribably frustrating for someone with a disability when people presume you can do every-

thing or get anywhere with the same ease they do. But on the other hand, it’s often the case that the moment people discover somebody has a disability, they presume that person can't do anything for themselves, which is just as demoralising and definitely more insulting. Sometimes when I try and explain this to people I get the response “Well you can't win then can you? No matter what you do!”, but that really isn't it. It's just a case of being considerate to other people's potential needs, but also treating everyone as an individual, not presuming you know what's best.

Despite a wheelchair being the image that comes into mind when a lot of people think of disability, if you look over the figures of the Cardiff students who consider themselves to have a disability only around 3% have a physical impairment or mobility issue. By far the most common disability at Cardiff, and potentially most Universities across the country, are learning disabilities like dyslexia. However, dyslexia's high prevalence doesn't mean it is any more understood or accepted as a disability. Reactions such as “why don't they just use spell check” are still far too common. And when people discover that it may mean you are entitled to a free laptop and extra time in exams, some are simply outraged and declare “dyslexia isn't even a real condition” or accuse people of faking it. You'd think we'd all be a little more aware, but because it's something the rest of us can't necessarily see or experience first hand, we reject it as something that doesn’t need to be taken seriously. This is one of the double edged swords when it comes to disability at University. Disabilities that are visible to the world are more likely to be taken seriously, and, most of the time, people are more likely to be accepting of the difficulties you experience. However, it also means that you face people's attitudes and prejudice everyday as people try to define you by your disability. Disabilities that are hidden, on the

other hand, mean that people see other sides to you and don't make instant judgements about you the moment they set eyes on you. However, it can also mean that people are less likely to take your problem seriously, or that you feel pressure to suffer in silence. One of biggest examples of peo-

ple keeping their suffering hidden is those who experience mental health problems. This is an issue which is particularly close to my heart because I have suffered with depression since I was 19, meaning I have been on and off medication and seen various counsellors ever since. It's by far the hardest thing


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I've ever gone through and I am almost certain I will go through difficult times again with it. However, at this particular time I'm relatively in control of it and I consider myself incredibly lucky. In my position as SWD officer, and being on the committee of Cardiff Mental Wealth, I work with people everyday who have been through similar things and are incredibly aware and supportive. Studying Psychology also means I’m surrounded by friends who are interested in and understand mental health. For this reason I sometimes, for brief periods, forget the extent of the stigma that is attached to mental health. Last week, for example, I was in the Union with Cardiff Mental Wealth running a campaign for World Mental Health Day. It was a great event and loads of people were getting involved. However, as some of our volunteers were pointing people in the direc-

pecially as, to those terrified of being judged, one ignorant individual stands out far more than 100

I'd been to the University of Bath for a year and half and then became ill so needed to leave, and then

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the subject or expect me to have gone through something like that. But my disability doesn't define

But my disability doesn't define me, there's a lot more to me than just depression.

I'm not embarrassed by what I've been through. I think it's important that people don't shy away from talking about disability.

-tion of the event, one guy turned around and says “Urrr, no thanks. I'm not f***ing crazy!” It's moments like this that bring me crashing back to the reality of attitudes towards mental health, and why so many sufferers feel like they have to hide what they are going through, too scared to come forward and not getting the support the deserve. Es-

Dr.Zoidberg impression (which is amazing may I add). So, I stuttered and mumbled and felt complete panic inside. Do I tell the truth? Is this going to completely change his opinion of me? Will he start acting differently around me? It must have been pretty obvious I was panicking as he quickly changed the subject, but half an hour later I wanted to kick myself for not just coming out and saying it. I'm not ashamed of what I've been through and the guy I was talking to was lovely. There was no reason for me to suspect he wouldn't be completely understanding, and so what if he wasn't? It would just mean he wasn't the great guy I thought he was. Which begs the question, why on earth did I suddenly turn mute? It still makes me angry now!

who are understanding and open minded. Sometimes even I want to hide my condition. Because of my work with SWD and Cardiff Mental Wealth, I'm usually incredibly open about my experiences with anyone who asks. I'm not embarrassed by what I've been through and I think it's important that people don't shy away from talking about disability. However, just the other day I was at work and, as I'm turning 23 this academic year, a workmate asked me what I'd done in the two years between finishing my A levels and coming to Cardiff. I explained that

started again at Cardiff in September. Normally when people hear this story they don’t ask any more questions, either because they're aren’t really that interested or suspect its a personal issue. So, if I’m honest, I was a bit taken a back when he replied “Oh yeah, so what was wrong with you?” Now normally when I'm talking about my experiences it's through SWD or Mental Wealth, which means I’m talking to people who have been through similar things, or I’m trying to raise awareness. In these situations people know me as someone who's passionate about

me, there's a lot more to me than just depression, and at work people don't know that side of me. At work I'm probably best known for my

Only

I don't want people to think the SWD association is about trying to gain sympathy for the disabled, or to make those who don't consider themselves to have a disability to feel guilty. And it's certainly not an issue to tip toe around. That's the last impression I want to give. The point is simply that if we were all a little more aware and understanding, it could make a world of difference to so many people. After all, you never know, it might be one of your close friends who is suffering in silence, too scared to get the support that they need.


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Move out the way or lose your toes.

Katie Bennett Features Writer I am a student. I study politics. I like going to the cinema. I like watching TV. All of that is the same as any other student; I don’t stand out from the crowd. None of that is what people notice first about me though- I am a disabled student. In general, I make light of my situation (my friends call my Crips). Things could be a lot worse, I am really lucky that I have great friends, an amazing boyfriend, who became my full time carer at 19, and a very supportive family. My life was and would be very different if I hadn’t become disabled, but I still have a great life. The hard truth I face daily, however, is that most people are completely unaware of the way in which their actions affect disabled students. I say that without prejudice, I was like that once too. Before I was disabled there were many things I was ignorant about, so I don’t get angry when people don’t think about their actions. Now that my eyes have been opened, I want to do everything I can to raise awareness about issues affecting the disabled, and part of that is making people aware of the little things they do which make day-to-day life so much harder for disabled students. I have to use a wheelchair and I have many frustrations because getting around university is at best a real nightmare. Firstly, it’s really awkward when you have to remind students and staff that the lifts are actually there for disabled students- there’s a sign and everything. I know it horrid to have to walk up to 5th floor but believe me it’s much more annoying having to wait 10-15 minutes for a lift because all the students in the humanities building want to use it to get to lectures. People’s disabilities aren’t always obvious, they may suffer from

ME/CFS for example, so I don’t like to ask people to get out of the lift, but I hope that anyone reading this article might think twice about using the lift, which is vital for disabled students, as a convenience for themselves. Secondly, it’s physically impossible to get through some of the corridors, it’s actually much easier for you to move against the wall when you see someone coming rather than just look at them, as most students do. My carer becomes pretty frustrated about this now so I’d watch out for your toes if you don’t move! On another note about blocking outside lecture theatres, if you don’t move out of the way of the stair lift- that’s going to end badly for you not me. When I first started using the wheelchair, I couldn’t believe how many people would just stand in the way of the stair lifts or block the corridor even though it was obvious I couldn’t get through. These may sound like petty grievances, I often tell myself to get some perspective, but I doubt that many students would appreciate having to leave 25 minutes earlier for lectures because otherwise you simply can’t get there. In general I’m a positive person, but like I said, these are things that many students do day-in day-out which could easily be avoided. On a more sensitive level, no one sits next to the girl in the wheelchair. Fact. No one ever makes conversation. And, most societies never consider making their socials or meetings disabled friendly. This really isolates disabled students. Often my life is very solitary anyway. I study mainly at home by myself because I can’t do it any other way, and despite my best efforts to get involved in university social life, it’s mainly been impossible. I’ve even tried asking organisers if I could get details of the places they

were going for socials, so I could get in contact and check if I’d be able to get around, but every time I’ve come up against a brick wall or should I say glass ceiling. This could be easily avoided by electing a minorities officer whose job is to ensure that all meetings and socials are accessible to all minorities- religious, various forms of disabilities, mature students, students who are also parents, etc. Without making political propaganda, I was able to join the Labour society because they already had all these things in place before they even needed them.

wants to have to be taken to the toilet, when they could go by themselves, at 19, 20, 21 years of age. Additionally, buddy support (someone to help you get around) is not usually available for anything outside of the degree course. The amount of doors throughout the university, particularly the SU, makes it impossible for a disabled student to get around. Obviously, it’s so unfair for anyone not to have a social life, why should disabled students miss out on these things simply because of doors? Luckily the current disabilities officer is taking a very pro-active stance. If you’d like

For quite a few years, disabled students have been requesting the university do something about doors- sounds petty again I know. Sadly no disabled officer of the SU has ever helped them so the problems remain. It’s impossible to use most of the disabled toilets, particularly the one in humanities building because there is a steep slope and you have to open the door towards you. It’s difficult to explain but you can’t open the door and get through at the same time. No one

to help disabled students with this issue and similar issues then do get in touch with her. One of the major issues I face is the gaps in support. The DSA introduced a few years ago gives a huge amount of help to disabled studentsI wouldn’t be able to study without it. The support centre has mostly been helpful, although they are very overstretched so it’s difficult for them to stay up to date with changes to funding and guidelines for benefits, and respond quickly. The

biggest issue though, is that there are a lot of grey areas. For example, neither my assessor or the support centre is sure of whether I should be receiving support for a LEARN course. I also can’t get any help for hospital appointments for example. The support centre is increasingly under pressure to prove the support they have provided is within the restrictions as councils tighten their belts, so obviously they need to be cautious rather than be unable to pay support workers. What needs to happen is for there to be clearer guidelines about what students are entitled to, and also it would probably make more sense to extend DSA to cover all areas of a student’s life and prevent them from claiming DLA. That would ensure that there wouldn’t be a gap between the two. There are areas, such as food shopping, social activities, hospital appointments, amongst other things, which both DSA and DLA could potentially provide for but often neither do, leaving the student stuck in the middle. As I mentioned before, I’m not the sort of person who likes to focus on the negative, but I’m also not the sort of person to stay silent when injustice surrounds them. This article barely touches the brink of the prejudice and difficulties many disabled students face. I hope in reading this article though, you will think more about the way you behave in university towards disabled students. No one wants sympathy, it’s patronising to be friends with someone just because they’re disabled- we just want equality. All I want is to be able to get to lectures using the resources that were put there so I could do so and for people to recognise that part of running a society is including all students, but also to see beyond my wheelchair and find that I’m actually just a normal student.


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Life as a student carer

Paul Wilkinson talks about the challenges of balancing university life with being a full time carer.

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he 2001 census revealed that 1.9 million people provide over 20 hours of unpaid care a week with 1.25 million providing over 50. The 6 million who are paid using the carer’s allowance benefit receive £55.55 a week for providing over 35 hours of care, which works out to the disgustingly low amount of £1.58 an hour! These grim statistics are accompanied by the disturbing revelation that carers themselves are twice as likely as the average person to develop a long term illness or become disabled. I’m one of the 1.25 million who provide over 50 hours of unpaid care to a loved one. I want to look at the problems faced by carers and the help, or rather of the lack of help, available to them. While I could write endless pages about the plights of the disabled, and rightly so, in this case I want to stick with what I know firsthand. The problems faced by the disabled and carers are, however, interwoven, so from reading this I hope you will gain an insight into both sides of the coin.

Insufficient support for the disabled puts a huge burden on carers.

First things first, it’s important to note that not all disabled people will have carers. Some manage perfectly well without the need of care, or at least get by with relatively little care. Others don’t get support even if they desperately need it. A carer has a lot of pressure on them. They are ultimately responsible for the well being of their dependent. They are required be on hand literally twenty-four hours a day, seven days a week. Some have

to be ready to wake up at any point in the night and then to be completely alert throughout the day because one mistake could set the dependent back months. That’s one of the worst things about disability. It can take someone months, even years, to reach a certain level of health, but only a small mistake to send someone back to the beginning. Due to the lack of provision for support carers, you are essentially never allowed a day off, and definitely not a sick day. I manage to get away for a couple of hours a week but that’s simply not possible for a lot of carers. Insufficient support for the disabled puts a huge burden on carers, and I’m sure a lot of disabled people would agree that sometimes their carers bare the brunt of consequences when systems or other people fail to provide the help they promised, or when the state fails to provide the right care. This is increasingly becoming a problem for people because of government cuts. Anyone who works with disabled people knows that benefits are often cut even when that person is in dire need of the support they were getting. A good example of this is where DLA is cut for people with immobility issues. Part of the support they get is specially adapted cars, but when the benefit is cut, they lose the car and therefore their independence, meaning that a carer (if there is one) needs to do all of the things the disabled person used to manage to do for themselves. It’s a frustrating cycle. Many struggle to be able to leave their dependent to go to lectures, so to work, is out of the question. Inevitably, the financial pressure on them can be overwhelming. If you are a full time student and a carer, whether it is for a parent, sibling, partner or child, the cold reality is that there is no financial help for you. Absolutely nothing. Often when I have made this claim people refuse to believe it. Even professionals (doctors and Support

Centre Staff) tell me that it can’t be true. I often get told, for example, that I could just apply for Carers Allowance. It turns out, that in all their wisdom, those running the country decided that you are not entitled to carers allowance whilst in full time education. This technicality has had massive effects on young people’s lives. For example, imagine an eighteen

year old caring for a disabled parent. This 18 year olds household is financially reliant on the Carer’s Allowance, because it is increasingly difficult to live off the government’s support. Despite the popular impression of the ‘comfortable’ life that people have on state benefits,

o those who are reliant on Disabled Living Allowance, Carer’s Allowance or Incapacity benefit seriously struggle to stay out of poverty. This is something which is getting worse with the disabled being targeted disproportionately in the govern-

ment’s austerity measures. Now he or she has ambitions to study at university, however, how can they do so if it will mean losing their allowance and their family falling into poverty? In an impossible situation where the carer is ultimately restricted in a personal and professional capacity. The same restrictions apply to all carers who are trying to find an occupation that could fit with their care responsibilities. This not only effects the carer, but puts the dependent under a lot of pressure forcing upon them an unnecessarily burden of guilt. Which in turn usually leads a worsening of their symptoms, meaning the carer has to do more, and so the awful cycle goes. For student carers there is also very little educational support available. When a carer is up all night with a dependent, has to take them to medical appointments, or is unable to leave them alone due to ill health; there is no access to, for example, note takers, lecture recordings or similar resources that are made available for people with medical conditions. Ultimately this means the carer’s work suffers significantly without any recognition from authorities that they have any kind of disadvantage. It isn’t all doom and gloom. In my experience, University staff have been incredibly helpful and supportive. I’ve been given extra support from lecturers, personal tutors and my head of year and have been offered extensions on essays and an exam schedule split over the normal exam period and the re-sit period. I cannot speak highly enough of the individual members of staff who have gone out of their way to help. The problem is that this support has been down to the individual’s discretion. With disabled students, law states that universities do all they can to make sure that they are not disadvantaged. Also, for the disabled there is a Disabled Student’s Allowance which is used to fund

support workers that go to lectures on their behalf. No such thing exists for carers. Ultimately, a carer’s life can focus around the life of the person receiving the care, if that person suffers an unpredictable illness, such as fibromyalgia, then the carer’s life too is unpredictable. Attempting to fit in full-time care around a full-time university course means being incredibly efficient and organized- that’s something I’ve had to learn. When the system or the routine fails because of a ‘bad’ day then things can easily go into disarray. In many cases, carers even fail to attend assessments. Until there is official recognition for carers, they are always going to be in a precarious position. I must stress that I do not intend to give an impression of carer’s being more hard done by than disabled students. Disabled students face a massive uphill struggle in university. My comparison is merely to reflect what could be done to

Ultimately, a carer's life can focus around the life of the person receiving the care.

help carers level out the disadvantages they face. I also don’t mean to paint a picture of a carer’s life being miserable. It suits my purposes, however, to focus more on the disadvantages one might face than the aspects which are rewarding. There is a massive lack of awareness of both the disabled and carers in university and in the wider world. Something which I hope will be addressed soon in order to give some of the most vulnerable and most gifted persons an equal opportunity to excel in life.


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Jenny Lambourne Science Editor

All that is involved is giving a saliva sample and filling in a form. From there, your details will be added to the list of potential donors. If a patient’s saliva sample matches with your own, the trust will contact you to confirm the match through a blood test. If the match is confirmed, donors will then be able to provide stem cells to a critically ill individ-

ual and give them the chance at life that they fight for. Aimee Leadbetter, co-president of Cardiff Marrow, is encouraging students to drop-in to the registry session on November 16 to find out more about the process and even sign up. “This could literally save that patient's life,” she said. “I can't begin to tell you how poorly all the patients

are on the bone marrow transplant ward, and their only hope of survival is a stem cell transplant. This is why it is so important for everyone to consider signing up to the register...it really is worth it!” Aimee also has personal reasons for her involvement with and support of stem cell donation. In 2005, her 15-year-old brother was diagnosed with Aplastic Anaemia, a rare blood disorder that required stem cell donation. On average, only 25% of siblings are a match for their brothers or sisters but, against the odds, the then 14-year-old Aimee was a confirmed match and went on to donate bone marrow to her brother via an operation to take marrow from her hip. Her brother went on to make a full recovery and is in the process of completing an MA in Chemistry at Cambridge. Talking about the experience, Aimee said that she “didn’t think twice about it” and that “anyone would do the same.” Stem cell, and particularly bone marrow donation, is often surrounded by myth about the processes of donation. “The most common [myth] I hear when I suggest people sign up to the register is: isn't that meant to be the most painful experience in the

year). This is very quick for a redevelopment. It is therefore to the credit of the University that they were able to have the Cochrane Building finished within 18 months, especially considering the price of it. The building is named after a former professor at the University, Archie Cochrane, who passed away in 1988. A distinguished medical officer during the Second World War, Cochrane went on to become a pioneer in international medicine. In particular, his work on randomised control trials or RCT's (published in 1972) became so influential that RCT's are still the principal means of medical testing in the world today. The University website states that, in naming the building after him, “students will always be reminded of the principles of academic excellence and equality in healthcare for which he stood”. The building is not just only impressive in the administration prior to completion, but also has a certain resonance for students at the university today. Obviously, the most important parts of the project are the facilities themselves. With over 100 full time staff – librarians, porters and administrative staff – things look promising. Students are able to request a room to be set up in a specific way and the staff will have things ready for them. It appears that the simula-

tion rooms, which include life-like theatres and clinical training, are state of the art. The first and the second floor combine most of the books from the closing down Duthie and Ty Dewi Sant facilities, as well as a considerable number more books. Both of these library facilities have the potential to be opened 24 hours a day, following the pilot scheme the niversity tried last year with some of their other libraries. On the third and fourth floor (the fifth is reserved for the adminis-

trative core of the school) are the training and simulation rooms. Postgraduates have their own facilities, and there is more than ample space for small teaching groups. The ward simulation, on the fourth floor, is akin to a real-life theatre. The entire building, then, is designed to cater for the students' every need. To emphasise the importance that the building has on Cardiff medical development, the Dean of Medicine has relocated there. The designers of the building –

Cardiff Marrow, the student branch of a leading cancer charity, is inviting students to visit their drop-in session to learn more about, and sign up to, the bone marrow organization. The organisation is a branch of The Anthony Nolan Trust, a pioneering charity that aims to save the lives of those suffering from blood cancer through stem cell or bone marrow transplant. Even with 420,000 people currently on the register, the charity can only provide half of the number of donations that are needed by critically ill patients. In 2009/10, 937 matches were made giving those 937 people a chance to live.

I didn’t have to think twice and anyone would have done the same

The session, held at the Talybont Social on November 16, will run from 2-8pm and the signing up process lasts just 10 minutes.

James Dunn Sub-Editor Cardiff University has again underlined its status as a pioneer in research and teaching facilities with the opening of a state of the art building this week. The Cochrane Building, at the Heath campus, has opened its doors to health and medical students today. Spread over five floors, the building comprises two floors of library facilities, innovative simulation labs and theatres, postgraduate research areas, and seminar space. When combined with Wi-Fi, easy access and some 24-hour facilities, the Cochrane Building is somewhat of a major boost for medical students. Before examining the available facilities of the building itself, it is interesting to note the story behind it. The building, a combination of library and practical research facilities, is estimated to have cost £18 million to build and took a little under 18 months to complete. When this is compared to a construction like the Sherman Theatre (next to the Students Union), the time limit is impressive. While the Sherman is an entirely different building, it is worth noting two differences: the estimated cost for redeveloping the Sherman Theatre was initially £4.25 million and was expected to take two years to complete (it should be re-opened next

Science23 world? Worse than childbirth? They drill into your spine, don't they?" and the answers are no, no and no,” explained Aimee. Eighty per cent of all donor matches provide their stem cells via Peripheral Blood Stem Cell collection in a process not dissimilar to giving blood, with only 15 per cent donating their cells via direct marrow transplant as Aimee did. In the last academic year, Cardiff Marrow succeeded in adding 300 new names to the register, and this year is hoping for even more.

Last year, Cardiff Marrow succeeded in adding 300 names to the register, and is hoping for even more

Ten minutes, one sample. As Aimee says, “It really is such a simple thing to do to save someone’s life.” To find out more about the Anthony Nolan Trust, and for more information on how to donate, please visit the Cardiff Marrow Facebook group or email cardiffmarrow@ hotmail.com.

Estates Division and Powell Dobson – have also worked hard to ensure that the Cochrane site reaches the highest standard of environmental excellence. Making use of the natural lighting and other sustainable features in the area, the facility is rumoured to be an extremely pleasant working environment. The library facilities are open from today with the training sites on the third and fourth floor being progressively introduced until the building's formal opening on November 18.


24Science

Monday November 7 2011

Tom Clarke

Less than ten per cent of Danes are considered obese, which is slightly lower than the European average. According to the same ratings, the UK has the highest rates on the continent. Whilst recent reports have suggested that the UK population is consuming less saturated fats than 10 years ago, almost a quarter of the adult population was deemed obese. Nearly a quarter. In the age of austerity in which we live with healthcare budgets under enormous strain, money raised by a fat tax could (and should) be used to treat the obesity problems of those who pay it. Obesity related diseases will account for a huge proportion of future NHS patients. It’s simply not acceptable to allow this to continue. My only issue

Science Writer I love cake. Christmas cake the most. Anyone who knows me will attest to my love of the moist mixture of eggs, flour and fruit. All the better with an inch thick slab of marzipan atop it served up with some delicious butter. Bliss. Some say (my doctor included) that I love cake a bit too much. Cake isn’t good for you, all that fat and sugar does nothing for the waistline. The problem isn’t cake (honest). The problem is it’s far too cheap and convenient to eat unhealthily. Fatty foods keep longer than fresh vegetables. They tend to be more convenient too: who wants to peel, chop, boil and mash potatoes when you can just chuck some chips in the oven? Fatty foods stimulate the pleasure centers in your brain in a way carrots only dream of. Each bite of double decker begins a cascade of dopamine through your higher nervous system leaving it quivering in ecstasy, wanting more. I, along with vast numbers of people in the West, am addicted to fat. Over the past few years the number of people classed as obese or overweight has skyrocketed across the Western world. The USA, traditionally the bastion of the glutton, has been overtaken in the obesity league by Australia, a country famed for its active lifestyle. If left

Sarah Uhl Science Writer Ancient Egypt left us her fair share of secrets: from hieroglyphics to the pyramids, mummies to the Great Sphinx. Over the years, scientists and historians have endeavoured to unravel these secrets but some still remain. Until recently, the mummification process was one of these secrets that defied explanation. The process of embalming a body to create a mummy was a closely guarded secret in Ancient Egypt. The embalmers themselves were

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unchecked the obesity epidemic will cripple our already overstretched national health services. Action must be taken, but how do you stop people eating whatever they want? Simple: make it more expensive. Denmark is the first country to take bold action by introducing its so called “fat tax”. For every kilogram of fat in a product, 18kr (around two pounds) is added to the price as tax. That’s around an extra 30p on the price of 250g of butter. The cries of outrage have already gone up across Denmark. Butter

and bacon has sold out across the country before the tax comes into force. Groups are claiming that it’s the nanny state gone mad with the government forcing people to change their habits. Quite right too. The general public unfortunately cannot be trusted on this issue and the record number of gastric band surgeries this year proves it. The carrot of public health education has been held out for long enough - people like me prove it. I know that cake is bad, but I still eat too much of it. It’s time for the stick.

very protective of this knowledge, which was only passed down orally. Consequently, there are no written records that detail the process of mummification. Dr. Stephen Buckley and Dr. Jo Fletcher, both from the University of York, believe they have uncovered this long kept secret. Dr. Buckley has spent more than twenty years studying the mummification process from a chemical perspective. Through techniques such as gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy he has been able to analyse the chemical breakdown of

mummy tissue samples, revealing the key ingredients for making a mummy.

... just the sort of thing you would expect him to do

Among these is Natron, a kind of salt commonly found in the Ancient Egyptian soil. Beeswax is another important ingredient, along with other oils and resins. Together, Buckley and Fletcher successfully applied the process to pig parts, particularly pig legs, which closely resemble human flesh. However, the only way to truly prove their theory would be to experiment on an actual human body. Enter Alan Billis. A former taxi driver from Torquay who passed away in January from complications related to lung cancer, Billis agreed to donate his body to the project after being diagnosed with a terminal illness. In a process that was filmed for the programme Mummifying Alan: Egypt's Last Secret, which aired on Channel 4 on October 24, Billis' body was coated with oils and kept in a salt bath for one month before being wrapped with linen. He was then left to dry in an en-

Butter and bacon has sold out across the country

with the fat tax is that it doesn’t go far enough. There is no targeting of trans-fats with all fats treated the same whereas the latest scientific thinking is that some oils are worse than others. I would increase the levy on trans-fats especially whilst creating loopholes to ensure oily fish (shown to lower the risk of cancer) remains cheap. Simply, if cake was more expensive I would eat less of it. Let’s hope the Danes will too.

vironmentally conditioned room equipped with a heater and dehumidifier designed to replicate conditions found in Ancient Egypt. The process appears to have been successful, according to decomposition experts that have examined Billis' body. His body will be kept until the end of the year. Buckley told the documentary makers that the procedure had allowed “fantastic new insights” into the mummification process. “What I was able to do was to look at things in quite a different way, and in doing so get information that perhaps people had missed,” he said, “It's turned current understanding, including my own, completely on its head.” On learning of her husband's plans, Mrs Jan Billis said she just thought, "here we go again," and said that it was "just the sort of thing you would expect him to do." She is also pleased with her husband's fate and has been widely quoted as saying, “I'm the only woman in the country who's got a mummy for a husband.” A decision as to what will happen to the mummy after that has yet to be made. Mrs Billis has stated that a burial is unlikely. “Personally, I'd like to see him go to a museum,” she said.

Jenny Lambourne Science Editor A recent report by a leading ethics body has suggested that financial incentives could be a means of encouraging more individuals to sign up to the donor register. The Nuffield Council of Bioethics have published a report suggesting that offering incentives such as offering to pay for funeral expenses may make more people inclined to donate their organs and help reach an NHS target of getting 25 million people signed on the register by 2013. Whilst there is a recognised need for organ donation (there are currently 8,000 people waiting for a transplant), there has been criticism of the suggestions, including that it could lead to making the decision to donate for the wrong reason. Donors in the UK currently have to give their clear consent, but elsewhere in the world opt-out schemes have been introduced whereby consent is assumed unless the individual has explicitly detailed not to allow it after their death. However, this does not necessarily guarantee more donations as statistics from countries involved in so called 'opt-out' systems, such as Sweden, still maintain lower donation figures than the UK. The Welsh Government is currently in discussion about implementing such a scheme. Professor Steve Edwards, of Swansea University and the Chair of the Centre for Philosophy, Humanities and Law in Healthcare, said in a discussion report to the Welsh Government that “the current ‘opt in’ system for obtaining donor organs for transplant does not meet the demand for such organs.” Discussions such as these can often be a personal and sensitive subject and the implementation of any financial or opt-out scheme will be understandably thoroughly assessed. Whether financial incentives are given government backing and whether Wales or any other part of the UK begins an ''opt-out' scheme remains debatable. What is indisputable, however, is that, three people each day die waiting for a transplant and statistics prove there is a pressing need for more individuals to sign up the donor register. Although 29% of the country's population is currently signed up to the register, the statistics of actual donation are significantly smaller. Only 1,010 people donated last year. To learn more about organ donation and signing up to the register, visit: http://bit.ly/m5e9WO


Societies Listings News Opinion Politics Feature 1-7 9 - 12 15 - 17 18 - 21 Science 26 - 27 30 - 31 23 - 25

Monday November 7 2011

Sport 37 - 40

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Radical budget cuts, unprecedented savings and a major structural overhaul: the NHS has fallen victim to political horse-trade and the stable standing of our healthcare system is under threat. As demand for patient care escalates, waiting times are stretched, bed shortages rise and available space is pushed. The irksome pressure to tackle saving efficiencies has wavered NHS concern from patient welfare to financial management. Reports of neglected elderly care and underperformance of basic safety standards are prevalent whilst talk of an extensive reshape of its framework has been met with widespread scepticism, and the controversial bill to reform the NHS has just been passed by the House of Commons. This NHS reshuffle casts a grey cloud of ambiguity over the stability of our healthcare system. GP commissioning and the removal of caps from private companies threatens to turn hospitals into a marketplace; patients risk becoming commodities of business, GPs into practitioners of finance. There is heavy emphasis to save money whilst care for patients is left well in the lurch. Our healthcare service should be occupied with the welfare of its patients, not the welfare of its wallet. And yet ‘inappropriate referrals’ are given out to GPs, prioritising patient care over saving efficiencies. The newly passed NHS reform bill stirred controversy earlier this year over the offering of a “quality premium”- the promise of a reward for GPs who stay within the commissioned budget.

We trust GPs to sustain our pulse, not the purse of the health service

Could this mean that necessary medication or surgical procedures for patients could be denied because of the incentive to meet a financial target? It is an incentive cold, perverse and dismissive to the importance of care over money. This new bill gives GPs control over NHS funds may overturn an ultimate priority to provide good quality care - after all, we trust GPs to sustain the public’s pulse, not the

Science25 derly patients is disdained as a burden. With the incessant nature of changes to the NHS, insubstantial managerial support and increasing numbers of non-professional workers taking to the basic necessary care of the elderly, standard human rights of respect, cleanliness, comfort and nourishment are frequently overlooked. Good quality care cannot be deemed a lottery and it is up to our healthcare service to rigidly and consistently support the needs of its patients. More than 400 senior doctors asked for a scrap of the health and social care bill which they said would do “irreparable harm to individual patients and to society as a whole”. In a letter to the House of Lords, they said that whilst they welcomed the discussion between public health and local government, “the proposed reforms as a whole will disrupt, fragment and weaken the country's public health capabilities,"

health service’s purse. John Black, president of the Royal College of Surgeons, has criticised the cost-driven facet of the NHS, claiming that preoccupation with financial goals mean that “too many patients are suffering as a consequence.” With hospitals receiving pressure to meet financial targets, clinical standards are shoved into the backseat and systemic failures across the board are more prominent than ever. Previous reports into trust care has revealed a 39% failure in the enquiry into cases of unexpected death, whilst the Care Quality Commission board (CQC) have declared that elderly patients have been neglected under the care of at least twenty hospitals across the UK. It is reported that one fifth of NHS hospitals are failing in their treatment of the elderly and are actually breaking the law. Cases of malnourishment and also a lack of basic sanitary care for incontinent patients have also entered into the public domain. With the real term increase in annual NHS funding facing a shortfall and saving efficiencies at the frontline of the health service’s priorities, elderly care is being pushed back into the shadows. In a system

shaped to be more cost-driven, under pressure to meet defined financial targets and facing shortages in space and availability, elderly care is easily overlooked. The dignity of the elderly under care must be respected and seen to, not neglected and abused. Compas-

sion for the vulnerable should not be overshadowed by governmentimposed targets; kindness has no price tag and healthcare should primarily be people-focused not taskobsessed. In many cases, the rising demand for NHS resources and time for el-

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Social networking sites and potential employers: justified or an invasion of your privacy? Gaming: What is the attraction of Angry Birds?

The dignity of the elderly under care must be respected and seen to, not neglected and abused

They went on to add that the “government claims that the reforms have the backing of the health professions. They do not. Neither do they have the general support of the public." With the rising demand for care from the NHS, concern over the quality of service and the scandal over patient mistreatment, this radical NHS reform is faced with a frosty reception from both the public and health professionals. Yes, the local government should play a vital role in the welfare of public health and, certainly, GPs should take a leading stand in management of the healthcare framework, but the nature of the reforms as they are have the potential to disrupt the stable standing of our health service. The NHS must be targeted toward equality, integration and consistency and not to the marketplace. Ultimately, it must adhere to the fundamentals of clinical medicine, primum non nocere - first, do no harm.

At the time of print: the NHS reform bill has passed the House of Commons and amendments to the bill have been rejected by the House of Lords. The legislation will now go through the committee and the upper chamber before going back to the Commons.


Societies

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Monday November 07 2011

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Tue 08 November Societies Re-Sign Up Fayre 10.00am - 4.00pm in Solus

Tue 08 November Nick Evans & Helen Cameron Societies Writers Imagine our dismay upon our arrival in Cardiff University: fresh-faced English Language and Communications students, ready to study hard and party harder. We had heard the legends of societies and their initiation rites and couldn't wait to get stuck in...or not. Medicine, Engineering and Law all had societies. Flatmates of ours would go on them and return with tall tales and a slight look of trauma while we sat in lectures, alienated from our coursemates. The point we are striving to make is that last year, when we were Freshers, there was no society for English Language and Communications students...so we started one. The idea was formed in the Blackweir Tavern toward the end of last year while enjoying a few pints after exams. We mused on how much fun it would be to have a society to celebrate occasions such as these... we called ourselves the 'cunning linguists'...10 points if you get the pun. The ball started rolling at the start of this semester. I (Nick) created a Facebook page and invited everybody I knew from our course to join, who then added everyone they knew and so LANGSOC (as it had been named) went viral. I asked my friend (Helen) who I knew to be one of the most academically competent people in English Language and Communications to be LANGSOC's secretary, as she could be our first point of contact with lecturers and all matters of academia. She was incredibly helpful through Freshers, keeping everybody up-to-date with the enrolment process and all the necessary ins-and-outs and will no doubt be integral throughout the exam period. To qualify for society status within University regulations, we needed at least 3 elected officers and 20 members which is why we nominated Cat Airey to be our Treasurer and Ellie Smith to be Social Secretary (see the photo above for committee members). Referring back to applying for official society status, it is worth pointing out how painless the process was and how helpful the Union's Societies Officers were. I

would like to dispel the doubts of anyone who is afraid of starting a society on the grounds that it's too difficult as the Union provides the resources necessary to get your society off the ground. We had our first social on Thursday the 20th of October and I had my fears that it would be a failure. I had advertised the event constantly via the Facebook page and been into first year lectures to announce it, but the results spoke for themselves. Around 50-60 people turned up for our 'Scrabble' social which involved us writing our initials as scrabble pieces on yellow t-shirts and playing various drinking word games but we soon transcended into debauchery and offensive slogans (see t-shirts for reference). Our plan was to start in Koko Gorillaz as we had secured a deal for 2-4-1 cocktails all night, move onto Glam and finish in Live Lounge. We would like to give a massive thank-you to the Freshers who turned up and made more of an effort than we could have dreamed of. Everybody who attended will attest that it was an exceptional night. One first year student said, in a drunken mumble, "LANGSOC has changed my life forever". The next morning LANGSOC Facebook page and networking exploded: people were rapidly making new friends, inside jokes were being formed and embarrassing photos from the night before were being posted, and thus the intention of the society had been fulfilled. English Language and Communications now feels like a more sociable course across all year groups and we intend for this to continue throughout this year and years to come. Our aim is to have regular socials and we as the committee intend to utilise our Facebook page as a point of contact for any students who have problems and provide a platform for students to communicate and socialise. In closing, any students of English Language and Communications who have not yet heard of us or who have perhaps been apprehensive in joining should search 'Cardiff University LANGSOC' on Facebook and join as we have no doubt this society will undoubtedly enrich your University experience.

DanceSport Club Ballroom and Latin

7.00pm - 8.00pm Great Hall (Beginners)

Wed 09 November Green Party Meeting and Social

6.30pm - 12.00am Meet at front of Students Union

Thu 10 November

One Mission DJ Performance 10.00pm - 4.00am Clwb Ifor Bach

Fri 11 November

Chemistry Society Cheese & Wine 6.00pm - 8.00pm Chemistry Foyer

Fri 11 November

Jazz Society Concert

7.30pm Penrhiwceiber Workmans Hall & Institute

Sat 12 November RawSoc Role-Playing Day

10.00am - 10.00pm Anenuin Bevan Room, SU

Sun 13 November

Pakistani Society Q&A with Najam Sethi 4.00pm - 6.00pm Large Shandon Lecture Theatre

Follow @GairRhyddSoc for the latest news and info on future articles.

If you would like to join a society, or see a full list of opportunities, visit: http://groups.cardiffstudents.com/societies/home


Listings News Opinion Politics Feature Science 23 - 25 Societies 30 - 31 1-7 9 - 12 15 - 17 18 - 21 26 - 27

Monday November 07 2011

Sport 37 - 40

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Societies27

Re-Sign Up Fayre Solus in the Students Union is playing host to the re-sign up Societies Fayre on November 8. Currently over 50 societies will be there, so if you missed your chance at the Societies Fayre in Freshers Fortnight then don't despair! Come along between 10.00am and 4.00pm and you'll have your chance to find out about what the Societies do and sign up to those that interest you. Next Week is RAG Week This is where RAG (Raise-and-Give) go mad fundraising for a week with loads of different activtities. Check out the booklet in this weeks gairrhydd for more information on what is going on where.

Hannah Albery Societies Writer Last weekend, the Cardiff Student Scout and Guide society (SSAGS) left the comfort of their Cardiff beds for their annual Fresher’s Camp. Set in a beautiful campsite on a cliff in Penmaen near Swansea, and with a pirate theme, activities included: making a parrot out of newspaper; a scavenger hunt; apple bobbing; pumpkin carving; fun on the beach, a trip to The Mumbles and of course some campfire fun! It was obvious by the sleepy faces at the post camp curry that great fun was had by all! The Student Scout and Guide Organisation (SSAGO) is the national body which is made up of many societies like SSAGS throughout the UK. Through SSAGO we are linked with Scouting and Guiding. Three times a year (once per term) all of SSAGO meets up in one place, on one campsite, at a rally. These rallies are hosted by a SSAGO club and we decide where to go over the coming year at the AGM at the Febuary rally. Also once a year SSAGO get dressed up and have a Ball! Again this is hosted by a club and usually held in a hotel. We are one of the most active groups in Cardiff. We meet at least once a week for a variety of different socials (from walking in the Brecon’s to coffee and chit chat!) If you’re interested in joining, find us on facebook: Cardiff SSAGS; or on Campus groups: http:// groups.cardiffstudents.com/scoutguide/the-society/ or come along to SSAGS lunch, every Wednesday 12 – 2 in The Kitchen.

Hina Mansoor Societies Writer The Pakistani Society in Cardiff has always been associated with cultural diversity and has been known to harness the insatiable creativity and intellectual appetite that characterises every Pakistani. The society has established itself as a platform for showcasing traditions inherent to Pakistan alongside the promotion of our new age and their progressive morals here at Cardiff. Staying true to that motto, the Pakistani Society are hosting one of the world’s most respected journalists and political analysts: Mr Najam Sethi. Mr Sethi is a pioneer not only in the field of globally relevant journalism, but is also a well-respected social commen-

Keith Bugler Societies Writer On Tuesday October 11 the Chemistry Society (ChemSoc) held its first ever start-of-year Mixer, at ZeroDegrees on Westgate Street. The night itself featured an amazing buffet (mussels being a personal favourite), a Champagne reception, live music and a photographer on hand throughout the entire evening. The theme was Hawaiian, with the idea of everybody letting their hair down and mingling. Towards the end of the evening, we carried onto a VIP night at Revolution. The mixer itself was a success: not only was this ChemSoc’s biggest ever event, but people from various year groups also experienced a fantastic chance to meet other students from within Chemistry. This helped the new buddy scheme that ChemSoc has helped implement with Cardiff School of Chemistry. From the huge conga line spontaneously started towards the end of the night, one can assume the attendees got on very well! However, we did learn some lessons for the future. Firstly, one disadvantage we found was doing the event so early in the semester. Although a mixer/meet and greet should be early on in the academic year, ChemSoc had to sell over 150 tickets in a week: while we achieved this, it was a bit stressful! On reflection, leaving ourselves another week would have been better.

tator and has graced some of the world’s finest universities with his presence. Apart from being the editor-in-chief of one of Pakistan’s leading dailys, he is the only Asian journalist to have received three International Press Freedom awards in one decade, including the prestigious Golden Pen Press Award for courage in upholding secular values, human rights and press freedom. This is an excellent opportunity not just for the Pakistani Society but also for Cardiff University as a whole, as it would join the league of illustrious universities - the likes of Oxford, Brown and SOAS - which have hosted him in the past. The crux of this talk would be the geo-political relationship between Pakistan and the United States of America, and its relevance to and impact on the global political scenario as a

Secondly: always get a contract in writing. Although we had a verbal contract, which worked out well for us and the venue this time, this may not have worked out so well with another venue/supplier. Establish a rapport with the management of a venue. The foundation of our success was a Society member having already done business with the manager for ZeroDegrees. Keeping in close contact with the person in charge of your venue makes things run much more smoothly.

whole. This is a particularly relevant topic in the current climate: the new wave of stirring changes occurring in South Asia are generating global reverberations. Apart from listening to the talk, attendees will also get the opportunity of engaging in a more personal session with Mr Sethi where they can put forward their questions and thoughts to him personally. The talk is on Sunday November 13 from 4.00pm onwards in the Large Shandon Lecture Theatre in the Main Building. Apart from this, the Pakistani society will endeavor to host talks of a similar nature in the future that, highlight, different aspects of our nations, culture and community and give non-Pakistanis an insight into the intricacies of Pakistani life and appreciate our rich and vivid culture.

Are you: Putting on a play? Playing in a concert? Hosting an event? Doing a workshop? Raising money for charity? Going on a trip? Then write about it! Email: societies@gairrhydd.com


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Listings

Monday November 07 2011

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Every week the listings page will be doing a 'Top Five' feature compiling a selection of the best of everything in and around Cardiff. This week it's the best place to get your kebab feast after a heavy night out. If you agree/disagree with any of this choices for the 'Top Five' or have any ideas for a 'Top Five' feature then email listings@gairrhydd.com and share your views! Listings editor: Gareth Johnston

Last Monday was the first Club Exchange, after over 20 years of funfactory, and it proved to be a welcome change. Prices of drinks, union tickets and even food all rise and fall throughout the night and can easily be seen on large screens throughout Solus. If your paying attention, and if your quick, you can get some absoloute bargains at the bar, and have a great night out on a very small budget. I myself managed to purchase 5 bottles for £5, and then 2 tickets to the lash for a paltry £1 each!, so don't miss out.

Buffalo bar offers an alternative experience to your mainstream cardiff night out, with a wide selection of drinks and varying music. This Monday is the Doctor Who quiz, so if your an expert on Davros head on down and win some prizes.

Critically acclaimed melodramatic rock band Arcane Roots grace Welsh club this week to play tracks from thier latest album "Left Fire. Described by Kerrang as having an "ear for melody and an appetite for destruction" they are a band with a great deal of promise and look set for bigger and better things to come.

If you haven't already signed up to a society, then it's not too late to do so. Cardiff University has a selection of societies too choose from, whether your interest is yoga, video gaming, pole dancing, or even Harry Potter there is a club to cater for just about everyone. Also if your looking for something completley different then there is also a "Funky Ass Dancing" club to cater for those of you with, slightly more, exotic tatses.

Theres nothing like a bit of live stand up to set you up for a great night. Up and coming comedians Carl Donnely and Clint Edwards provide the entertainment, with impressive experience around the Uk comedy circuit. Donelly has performed on Mock the week, Russel Howard's Good news and is a regular on Radio Five live. Clint Edwards has supported the likes of Rhod Gilbert on tour and recieved rave reviews for his content, a guaranteed night of hilarity.

The first ever documentary to be fully financed through product placement finds Morgan Spurlock (Supersize Me) turning his playful eye to the ever expanding empire of brand sponsorship in film. If your a fan of Spurlocks investigative documentaries and witty humour, then this is certainly the film for you.

If your a fan of toned physiques , fake tans and an unashamed glorification of vanity, then look no further than the lash this Wednesday night. Whether your a Joey Essex or a Mark Wright ,this is a themed night that offers all the glamour and drama of Britian's red hot "semi reality" tv shows. So get your make-up and your designer rags on and head on over to Solus for a celebration of the most farcical shows to ever grace British television.

BBC Three's hottest new property Simon Brodkin brings his massively popular act to Cardiff. Clad in baseball caps, white trainers, sportswear logos and cheap-and-chunky bling, Lee Nelson combines a loveable comedy chav with stark social commentary leading to a sizeable amount of contraversial but toungue in cheek gags. Co-star Omlette will be at the show to provide further laughs and banter. Tickets are still available at www.ticketline.com, or phone St David's hall on 029 2087 8444.

A personal favourite and the perfect place if your the type who likes to stay out that little bit longer. Situated just behind the Hilton hotel, Live lounge offers live music until midnight before pumping out 4 hours of classic and current chart toppers. Drinks start at £1, with plenty of seating area to accompany the more than often packed dancefloor. If you wish to stay until 4am then be sure to arrive before 2am as, entry after this time is prohibited

Listings is evolving...


News Opinion Politics Feature Science Societies Listings 9 - 12 1-7 15 - 17 18 - 21 23 - 25 26 - 27 30 - 31

Monday November 07 2011

Sport 37 - 40

Listings 31

gair

Cirque Éloize's new show, Id sees the contemporary circus world meet the world of urban dance in the heart of a futuristic city, where people seek refuge and a chance to shed their anonymity. Crackling with energy, it uses circus, hip hop and urban dance with rock, electronic and poetic music to explore identity and individuality. Showcasing world class acrobatics, stunning scores and an electrifying atmosphere, this is an experience that is worth paying for.

The box is still booming on Friday nights in Cardiff student's union and still offers the cheapest option if your looking for a good time. Drinks start at £1.49 and with thousands of glowsticks to be had what's not to love! "Resident DJ " Killer Tom provides the tunes until 2am so say yes to Fridays, yes to Solus and yes to Boombox.

Arguably the best night that the Student Union offers, always packed, always loud and always a blast, Comeplay remains the best alternative to Cardiff city centre on a Saturday night. Drinks start at £1.50, although it's reccomeded you have a few beverages beforehand as all 3 bars can get very busy throughout the night. Buying multiple drinks in one trip to the bar is advised to avoid waiting around for long periods of your night.

If you feel like a loud, fast paced, action filled night then head on down to the Planet Ice arena to see the Cardiff Devils ice hockey team take on the Scotland based Braehead clan. Prices are cheap with tickets starting at £6, with the availability of transport for only a further £4.

- Stomp Night

Alkaline Trio are a punk rock band from Chicago, Illinois consisting of Matt Skiba (guitar/vocals), Dan Andriano (bass/ vocals), and Derek Grant (drums/backing vocals). Their music is characterized by dark lyrics, catchy hooks, fast tempos and recurring subjects of alcoholism, depression, shattered relationships, drugs and death. Alkaline will be performing tracks from thier latest album

Providing the rock and metal masses of Cardiff (and beyond!) with a purerock home whose atmosphere is unsurpassed, Bogiez boasts an unparralled sound system, and a complete dedication to heavy metal music. If Pantera, Five finger Death Punch or Sepultura is your scene and your tired of the mainstream dance music pumped out in near enough every club in Cardiff, then this is definitley for you.

-

Following on from the success of the first ever live tour last year, A Question Of Sport will once again be touring the UK. Sue Barker will present the live shows, together with team captains Matt Dawson and Phil Tufnell. Sporting legends Colin Jackson, Andrew Castle and Robert Earnshaw have been announced as guest panellists at the Cardiff show. Tickets are expensive but if your a fan of the show the price is more than justified for the entertainment provided. Tickets available at www.Ticketmaster.co.uk

After enjoying enormous success at this year’s Ozzfest tour in the U. S as well as triumphantly performing at various prestigious European summer festivals, Lacuna Coil have grown into a worl renowned band and will be performing tracks from thier album "KarmaCode" as well as a selection of thier greatest hits to date. If your a heavy metal fan than this an absoloute must attend event.

Follow @GairRhyddList for details


sudoku.

32Puzzles

Monday November 07 2011

INTERMEDIATE

gair

CHALLENGING

word wheel.

How many words of three or more letters, each including the letter at the centre of the wheel, can you make from this diagram? We've found 20, including a nine-letter word. Can you do better?

G L

In America, October 2 2001 is displayed as 10/02/2001 (MMDDYYYY format) This date is a palindrome (same forwards as backwards). Before 2001, when was the last time that a palindrome date occurred (using MMDDYYYY)?

Rhys's riddles.

O T A M I H R

answers.

This is the only way to allow two zeros and make 01 through to 31 The key to the riddle is that the 9 can be displayed by rotating the 6 (or vice versa)! It doesnt matter what order the numbers are in, but the cubes must be: cube A = 0,1,2,3,4,5 cube B = 0,1,2,6,7,8

EASY

INTERMEDIATE

CHALLENGING

Riddle answer.


34Taf-od

Cerith Rhys Jones Taf-od

Fis ar ôl i Lywodraeth Cymru gyflwyno tâl o 5c am ddefnydd o fagiau plastig untro yng Nghymru, mae’n debyg fod pobl hyd a lled ein gwlad yn ymdopi’n dda â’r newid – dyna yw barn Consortiwm Manwerthu Prydain, neu’r British Retail Consortium (BRS). Yn ôl Bob Gordon, sy’n arwain polisi amgylcheddol y consortiwm, mae rhai manwerthwyr o’r farn fod cymaint â 80% yn llai o bobl nawr yn gofyn am fag wrth fynd o amgylch eu siopa. Yn ogystal ag hyn, dywed fod y nifer o siopau sy’n gwerthu ‘bagiau am fywyd,’ wedi adrodd bod gwerthiannau’r rhain wedi cynyddu’n aruthrol hefyd. Cyflwynwyd y tâl o 5c ar fagiau plastig fis diwethaf, ac er bod rhai

Heledd Williams Taf-Od Yr wythnos yma fe fydd y Llywodraeth yn pleidleisio ar ddeddf a fuasai yn gwneud Sgwatio (byw mewn adeilad gwag heb ganiatâd) yn anghyfreithlon. Fel adwaith i hyn mae criw o anarchwyr wedi dechrau Sgwat mewn tafarn sydd

Monday November 07 2011

gair

tafod@gairrhydd.com

cwsmeriaid wedi honni nad oeddent yn ymwybodol o’r newid, mae’r polisi newydd wedi bod yn cael ei gynllunio ers tua ddwy flynedd bellach. Jane Davidson, y cyn-Weinidog dros yr Amgylchedd, sydd nawr yn bennaeth ar Athrofa Gynaliadwyedd Cymru ym Mhrifysgol Cymru, Y Drindod Dewi Sant, oedd yn gyfrifol am gyflwyno’r syniad yn ôl yn 2009. Tra fod y BRS yn gymharol hapus gyda’r newidiad, nid oedd Ffederasiwn Busnesau Bychain Cymru mor fodlon. Yn siarad gyda’r Western Mail yn ddiweddar, meddai Iestyn Davies, pennaeth materion allanol y ffederasiwn, ei fod wedi clywed straeon am bobl yn gadael eu bwyd wrth y tiliau wrth ddysgu am y tâl. Prif gonsyrn y ffederasiwn yw busnesau bychain, a’r faich ychwanegol y gallai’r tâl, ym marn Mr Davies, ddodi arnynt. “Mae hyn wedi ychwanegu rhywbeth arall i’w wneud. Os ydych chi’n fusnes bach gyda llai na 10 o weithwyr, mae dal yn rhaid ichi godi’r tâl, ond does dim rhaid adrodd hynny i Lywodraeth Cymru. Ond, os ydych chi wedi cofrestru i dalu TAW, mae’n rhaid ichi adrodd yn ôl faint ydych chi wedi gwerthu a rhoi 1c am bob sach i’r dyn treth cyn ichi dalu gweddill eich treth”, meddai Mr Davies. Serch hyn, mae’n debyg nad oedd y Prif Weinidog, Carwyn Jones, yn

cytuno. Yn siarad yn y Cynulliad yn gynharach ym mis Hydref, soniodd Mr Jones am fanwerthwr bach yng nghanolfan siopa McArthur Glen ym Mhenybont-ar-Ogwr, a oedd o’r farn y byddai’n arbed rhyw £2,000 y flwyddyn o achos y tâl hyn. Nid oedd yn amlwg o sylwadau’r Prif Weinidog sut y byddai hynny’n gweithio, ond fe aeth llefarydd ar ran Llywodraeth Cymru ymlaen i ddweud fod y llywodraeth wrth ei bodd gyda sut mae’r cyhoedd wedi ymdopi efo’r newid. Maent nawr yn amcangyfrif y bydd defnydd o fagiau plastig untro’n cwympo rhyw 90% yng Nghymru, ac yn codi arian ar gyfer achosion da ar yr un pryd. Ni ddisgwylir ffigyrau swyddogol tan fis Mai 2012, ond mae’n debyg y gallai Llywodraeth Cymru fod ar y trywydd cywir. Fe waharddwyd bagiau plastig untro am ddim gan y Weinyddiaeth Amgylchedd yng Ngweriniaeth Iwerddon yn 2002, ac o fewn pum mis o gyflwyno tâl o 15 sent ar fagiau untro, gwelwyd gostyngiad o 90% yn eu defnydd, gyda’n agos at 300 miliwn yn llai o fagiau’n cael eu darparu i siopwyr. Yn yr un modd, gwaharddwyd bagiau plastig untro’n gyfan gwbl yn yr Eidal ar ddechrau 2011. Mae'r Comisiwn Ewropeaidd hefyd wedi bod wrthi dros y misoedd diwethaf yn ymgynghori ynghylch a ddylai gwaharddiad llwyr neu dâl gael ei godi ar

fagiau plastig untro ar draws 27 aelod-wladwriaeth yr Undeb Ewropeaidd. Disgwylir i’r Comisiwn gyhoeddi canlyniad yr ymgynghoriad cyn mis Chwefror 2012. Mae llywodraethau’r Alban a Gogledd Iwerddon hefyd yn ymgynghori ar y fath dâl. Yn siarad gyda’r Daily Mail ym mis Medi, fe rhybuddiodd Prif Weinidog y Deyrnas Gyfunol, David Cameron AS, y byddai’i lywodraeth yn edrych ar ddefnyddio’u pwerau hwy – megis gwaharddiad llwyr neu chodi tâl – i leihau’r nifer o fagiau plastig sydd mewn defnydd, os na all gwerthwyr a manwerthwyr ddangos eu bod yngallu gwneud hyn ar eu pennau’u hunain. Yn ôl Mr Cameron, mae’n “an-

nerbyniol” fod 333 miliwn yn fwy o fagiau plastig untro wedi’u defnyddio yn ystod 2010 o’i gymharu â’r flwyddyn gynt, ond serch hyn, mae ymgyrchwyr amgylcheddol megis y Gymdeithas Gadwraeth Forol wedi barnu’r Prif Weinidog am nad yw ei lywodraeth yn barod wedi ymrwymo i gymryd camau yn erbyn bagiau plastig untro. Gydag hyn oll mewn cof felly, anodd yw dychmygu y byddwn yn ffarwelio â’r tâl yma yng Nghymru unrhyw bryd yn y dyfodol. Felly hyd yn oed os nad ydych chi’n cytuno y dylid codi tâl ar fagiau, y neges gan Lywodraeth Cymru yw i fynd â chwdyn o ryw fath gyda chi pan ewch chi i wneud eich siopa wythnosol yn y dyfodol!

wedi bod yn wag ers pum mlynedd yng Nghaerdydd. Mae gan y criw yma gynlluniau mawr ar gyfer atgyweirio’r adeilad a’i droi fewn i ganolfan cymdeithasol ar gyfer y gymuned leol. Dywedodd Efa eu bod nhw yno’n syml ‘achos ma’n wast o adeilad neis’. Ychwanegodd hefyd eu bod

wrthi’n trwsio’r adeilad ac am ei ddefnyddio fel canolfan gymdeithasol i’r gymuned. Yno fydd pobol lleol yn gallu dysgu sgiliau drwy weithdai, cael bwyd am ddim mewn ‘people’s kitchen’ unwaith yr wythnos a bydd yr adeilad hefyd ar gael i pobol gynnal cyfarfodydd. Mae cyfarfod ‘Bwyd Nid Bomiau’ wedi ei gynnal yno eisioes. Grwp yw 'Bwyd nid Bomiau' sydd yn hel bwyd o sgipiau archfachnadoedd, ei goginio, ac yna ei roi i bobol am ddim ar y stryd. Maent hefyd yn rhannu taflenni sydd yn tanlinellu’r modd mae cyfalafiaeth yn creu gwastraff bwyd enbyd. Does dim modd cyfiawnhau gwastraff fel hyn o ystyried bod un plentyn yn marw o newyn bob tair eiliad rhywle yn y byd. Dyma oedd gan Efa i’w ddweud ynglyn â’r ddeddf a buasai yn gwneud Sgwatio’n anghyfreithlon: ‘Dwi’n meddwl i fod o’n syniad drwg, does dim byd yn rong efo cymryd adeilada’... tydi’r adeilad yma heb gael ei ddefnyddio ers pum mlynedd, mae o jest yn eistedd yma yn disgwyl i rhywun ddisgyn drwy’r llawr, felly ma’n iawn i ni neud defnydd ohono. Dydw i ddim yn gweld pam ddyla hynna fod yn anghyfreithlon.’

Gofynnais wrth Efa ynglyn â’r heddlu, ac os yr oeddynt wedi cael unrhyw drafferth ganddynt: ‘Gaetho ni unlawful police raid neithiwr, ma’ section 6 yn amddiffyn squatters. Os mae nhw (yr heddlu) yn torri fewn ellith nhw fynd i jêl am chwe mis a cael ffein o 5,000 o bunnoedd. Neithiwr ‘naeth yr heddlu ddod mewn a malu ein clo ni, oedd rhaid i ni adael nhw fewn yn y diwadd achos doeddan ni ddim

neud be’ mae nhw isho rili.’ Ychwanegodd Cravos, Sgwatiwr arall: ‘Da ni yma i aros, ac os cawn ni ein symud ymlaen wnawn ni jest sgwatio adeilad arall achos mae ‘na lot o adeilada’ gwag yng Nghaerdydd. Mae’r Sgwat ei hun yn le gwefreiddiol i fod, mae pobol cerddorol a celfyddydol yno felly’n aml mae rhywun yn chwarae offeryn neu’n creu celf pan nad ydynt wrthi’n trwsio’r lle.’ Os yr hoffech fynd i ymweld â nhw a efallai rhoi help llaw efo’r holl waith atgyweirio, ewch yno a cnociwch ar ddrws y dafarn sydd ar waelod Cliffton Street yn Splott. Mae hanner miliwn o dai gwag yn y Deyrnas Unedig, pum mil o bobol ar restrau aros am dai, a degau o filoedd yn ddigartref. Yn bersonol, mae gennyf bob parch at y rhai sydd wrthi’n sgwatio ac rwy’n wir gobeithio na fydd y llywodraeth mor ffôl a gwneud Sgwatio yn rhywbeth anghyfreithlon.

Does dim modd cyfiawnhau gwastraff fel hyn o ystyried bod un plentyn yn marw o newyn bob tair eiliad rhywle yn y byd.

isho nhw dorri’r drws dim mwy nag oeddan nhw wedi’n barod so oedd hynna’n eitha’ scary, slightly exciting. Lwcus iddyn nhw adael ni lonydd achos doedd ganddyn nhw ddim hawl i fod yma beth bynnag, ond heddlu ydyn nhw, so geith nhw


News Opinion Politics Feature Science Societies Listings 9 - 12 1-7 15 - 17 18 - 21 23 - 25 26 - 27 30 - 31

Monday November 07 2011

gair

Beth yw’r Coleg Cymraeg Cenedlaethol? Mae’r Coleg Cymraeg Cenedlaethol yn sefydliad newydd sy’n datblygu addysg cyfrwng Cymraeg mewn Prifysgolion ar draws Cymru. Daeth y Coleg i fodolaeth eleni, ac roedd mis Medi 2011 yn fis hanesyddol ym myd addysg uwch cyfrwng Cymraeg. Dechreuodd 25 o staff mewn Prifysgolion ar ledled Cymru ar swyddi newydd wedi eu hariannu gan y Coleg i ddarlithio trwy gyfrwng y Gymraeg, ac fe ddechreuodd dros 100 o fyfyrwyr ar gyrsiau wedi ennill ysgoloriaeth gan y Coleg. Nid yw’r Coleg yn bodoli mewn un adeilad penodol, mae gan y Coleg gynrychiolwyr yn gweithio ym mhob un o Brifysgolion Cymru. Rydyn ni’n darparu arian ar gyfer darlithwyr a modiwlau cyfrwng Cymraeg mewn Prifysgolion ar draws y wlad, ac mae gennym ni hefyd gynlluniau ysgoloriaethau israddedig a meistr i fyfyrwyr sy’n astudio cyrsiau trwy gyfrwng y Gymraeg.

Gerallt Rhys Taf-Od Tybed pa sianel radio fydd dewis myfyrwyr Cymraeg Caerdydd wrth droi’r radio ‘mlaen yn y car neu’r gegin, neu yn y ‘stafell wely cyn mynd am noson allan? Mae’n

tafod@gairrhydd.com

Beth mae hyn ei olygu i chi, y myfyrwyr? Mae’r ddarpariaeth addysg Gymraeg mewn Prifysgolion yn ehangu, diolch i’r Coleg Cymraeg Cenedlaethol. Penodwyd tri darlithydd newydd ym Mhrifysgol Caerdydd eleni er mwyn ehangu darpariaeth addysg Gymraeg y Brifysgol ymhellach. Eleni, mae adran y Gyfraith wedi penodi Alex Llewelyn fel darlithydd cyfrwng Cymraeg, a phenodwyd Dr Matthew Pugh i’r adran Fathemateg. Maent yn ymuno a darlithwyr cyfrwng Cymraeg sydd yno yn barod, ac yn galluogi mwy o fyfyrwyr i allu astudio rhannau o’u cwrs neu cyrsiau cyfan trwy gyfrwng y Gymraeg. Sut allwch chi fod yn rhan o’r Coleg? Mae modd nawr i chi ymaelodi â’r Coleg Cymraeg Cenedlaethol. Mae hyn yn rhad ac am ddim, ac fe fydd yn rhoi mynediad i chi i’r Porth, sef llwyfan e-ddysgu'r Coleg, sy’n galluogi i fodiwlau gael eu dysgu yn gydweithredol rhwng Prifysgolion. Wrth ymaelodi gyda’r Coleg, fe fyddwch chi hefyd yn derbyn gwybodaeth reolaidd gennym ni. Byddwch yn gymwys i dderbyn Tystysgrif Sgiliau Ieithyddol y Coleg, ac hefyd yn gymwys i ymgeisio am Ysgoloriaeth Lefel M y Coleg. Ceir gwybodaeth bellach a manylion ar sut i ymuno â’r Coleg ar ein

ddigon posib nad Radio Cymru fydd y dewis hwn erbyn hyn yn ôl ffigyrau gwrando diweddara’r sianel. Mae llai a llai wedi bod yn tiwnio mewn yn ddiweddar, 34,000 yn llai na’r adeg yma llynedd - un o bob pum gwrandäwr – ac yng ngoleuni

Sport 37 - 40

Taf-od35

gwefan: www.colegcymraeg.ac.uk

Ysgoloriaeth Lefel M y Coleg Cymraeg Cenedlaethol Mae’r Coleg Cymraeg Cenedlaethol yn cynnig ugain o ysgoloriaethau’r flwyddyn ar gyfer myfyrwyr sydd am astudio cyrsiau gradd meistr yn gyfan gwbl neu’n rhannol drwy gyfrwng y Gymraeg. £1,500 yw gwerth pob un o'r ysgoloriaethau yma, ac maent ar gael i fyfyrwyr sy’n bwriadu astudio cyrsiau lefel M penodol, sy’n cynnwys o leiaf 60 credyd o ddarpariaeth cyfrwng Cymraeg yn Rhan 1. Ynghyd ag astudio cyfran o’r cwrs ei hun drwy gyfrwng y Gymraeg, disgwylir i’r deiliaid lunio eu traethodau estynedig (neu’r hyn sy’n cyfateb i hynny) yn Gymraeg hefyd. Ceir gwybodaeth bellach ar wefan y Coleg – www.colegcymraeg. ac.uk Cyswllt ym Mhrifysgol Caerdydd Ceir Swyddog Cydlynu Darpariaeth Cyfrwng Cymraeg ym mhob Prifysgol yng Nghymru, a’r swyddog ym Mhrifysgol Caerdydd yw Elliw Iwan, iwaneh@caerdydd.ac.uk . Gallwch gysylltu ag Elliw i drafod unrhyw faterion yn ymwneud ag astudio trwy gyfrwng y Gymraeg, ysgoloriaethau’r Coleg Cymraeg Cenedlaethol neu unrhyw broblemau y dewch chi ar eu traws wrth astudio’n Gymraeg.

toriadau i’r sianel, mae’r ystadegau hyn ymhell o fod yn galonogol. Ond tra bod Radio Wales, ei chwaer sianel, hefyd yn gwynebu toriadau, maen nhw’n llwyddo i ddenu mwy a mwy o wrandawyr – sy’n peri i ni ofyn y cwestiwn, lle mae Radio Cymru yn mynd o’i le? Ar bapur, mae’r hyn mae’r sianel yn gynnig i’w amrediad o wrandawyr yn safonol ac yn amrwyiol - o raglenni gwleidyddol i raglenni cwis ysgafn, ac o Caniadaeth y Cysegr i C2. Mae digon o raglenni newydd i gadw diddordeb yn dod i’r fei hefyd, rhai fel Trac – rhaglen sesiynau newydd bandiau, yn ogystal â @tebion – rhaglen phone-in materion pobl ifanc ar C2. O ystyried hyn, mae’n amlwg bod yr orsaf yn datblygu drwy’r amser, felly ydi’r broblem i’w gael yn rhywle arall? Mae prysurdeb y Sîn Roc Gymraeg yn cael ei adlewyrchu ar y sianel radio hefyd, gyda Texas Radio Band, MC Mabon a Masters in France, bandiau sydd yn gyfarwydd i nifer yng Nghymru, i gyd wedi rhyddhau deunydd newydd ers dechrau mis Medi. Ond, er nad oes posib gweld bai ar yr artistiaid

Dilynwch Taf-od ar Twitter: @Taf_od neu cysylltwch â ni drwy ebost ar tafod@ gairrhydd.com

oherwydd taliadau PRS pitw i gerddorion Cymraeg, mae un peth yn debyg am y deunydd newydd hyn - Saesneg yn unig yw eu hiaith. Yn amlwg, mae’n anodd tu hwnt cynnal rhaglenni cerddoriaeth drwy gyfrwng y Gymraeg ar y radio os yw’r rhan fwyaf o ddeunydd newydd bandiau yn uniaith Saesneg. Er hyn, mae’n bwysig nodi fod bandiau ac artistiaid yng Nghymru, ar y cyfan, yn parhau i gyhoeddi cerddoriaeth drwy gyfrwng y Gymraeg - Candelas a Colorama yn eu plith. Mae noson lansio albwm cyntaf Yr Ods yng Nghlwb Ifor Bach ar y 10fed o Ragfyr yn agosáu hefyd. Ond mae gofidiau bandiau fel Yr Ods o wneud colled o’u taith i hyrwyddo’r albwm hwnnw yn ategu’r cwestiwn o gynaladwyedd rhyddhau deunydd Cymraeg. Fodd bynnag, mae’n amlwg fod bandiau ac artistiaid ifanc yn ddigon brwd i ganu drwy gyfrwng y Gymraeg – nhw sy’n llenwi’r rhestr yn Sesiynau C2 – Swnami, Siân Miriam, Rosary a Tom ap Dan i enwi rhai. Er pa mor iach yw gweld enwau newydd yn ymddangos, mewn gwirionedd, ni ddylai'r baich fod ar

eu hysgwyddau hwy i gynnal rhestri chwarae Radio Cymru. Ond efallai nad achos pryder yw’r ffigyrau diweddaraf hyn, ond arwydd o ddatblygiad yn y ffordd mae pobl yn defnyddio’r cyfryngau. Yn achos C2, efallai bod ei ddiben i chwarae cerddoriaeth newydd a rhoi newyddion yn ‘ecsgliwsif ’ yn cael ei ddiddymu gan wefannau megis Soundcloud a Twitter, gyda bandiau yn gallu cyrraedd eu cynulleidfaoedd yn syth heb fod angen cyfrwng radio fel middle-man. Efallai bod Facebook yn gweithio yn yr un modd o ran hysbysebu gigs, tra bod Spotify yn llwyddo yn ara’ deg i ddisodli’r hen draddodiad o wrando ar y radio! Mae un peth yn sicr, fodd bynnag, ar ei cholled fydd Cymru heb ffraethineb Tudur Owen a Dyl Mei ar b’nawn Sadwrn, antics cyson Glyn Wise, a’r fix dyddiol o ‘dim ond gofyn!’ Dylan Jones Taro’r Post.


News Opinion Politics Feature Science Societies Listings 1-7 9 - 12 15 - 17 18 - 21 23 - 25 26 - 27 30 - 31

Monday November 07 2011

Sport 37 - 40

Sport37

gairrhydd

Cardiff badminton bat their way past Swansea The men's first and second pairings see off closest rivals in easy fashion Richard Gallagher Sports Writer Last Wednesday, Cardiff men’s first

team overcame Swansea’s first team 6:2, whilst Cardiff men’s second team were also victorious as they beat Swansea’s second team 7:1. Cardiff firsts were on home soil with all of their matches being played in Talybont, whereas Swansea seconds had home advantage with their games taking place at Swansea University. Cardiff ’s first team single’s players were on top throughout their match, Dominic Brown and Huw Bowman broke their opponents early and kept up the intensity to win in straight sets. Over in the doubles, Cardiff ’s Wai Lim & Darren Wong secured a win in their opening game against their Swansea rivals. However, they were not so dominant in their second match, narrowly losing out to Swansea’s first doubles pair. Cardiff ’s other doubles pair Teoh JJ & Nick Strange were also victorious in their first match, but like their teammates also struggled to get over the winning line in their second game, going down to Swansea’s first doubles pair in 3 sets.

It was a long and eventful day with Cardiff, again, having the edge over Swansea

Second team singles player Mike Barter recovered from a leg injury

Cardiff's first team single's players were on top throughout

to make the trip. His injury didn’t blight his performance as he took his opponent in straight sets: 2119, 21-7. After his first game, his momentum lead him to take the second game again in straight sets: 21-11, 21-17. Cardiff ’s second singles player Michael Khong, got off to a brilliant start, taking the lead in the early on, however, errors started creeping into his play and he lost: 21-18, 21-13. But he didn’t disappoint in his second match, winning in straight sets: 21-11, 21-12. Second team’s first doubles pair Rich Townsend & Aaron Wu were on top form in their encounters. They won their first game 21-18, 219. And carried on in the same winning vein, 21-10, 21-15. Next doubles pair Matt Thoume & Gareth Bartlett showed no sign of fatigue as they took their first opponents 2119, 21-17. Spurred on by their first win, they got into a great rhythm in their second match against Swansea seconds doubles 21-12, 21-13. It was a long and eventful day with Cardiff, again, having the edge over Swansea, which gives Cardiff early season bragging rights over their varsity rivals.

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MOMED downed by late finish from Port Fail’s Liam Doyle Port Fail claim a devastating 3-2 win over MOMED in the dying seconds Richard Gallagher Sports Writer Wednesday 2nd November saw the highly anticipated fixture between Port Fail and MOMED. The same fixture last year resulted in a 2-2 draw in Phase I, and a 2-1 win for Port Fail in Phase II. With such evenly matched teams, it took the performance of the day to separate both sides. The game started in frenetic fashion with an early goal in the 2nd minute for Port Fail. A ball released the lone man upfront, Liam Doyle, over the top from his brother Jon, and Liam duly finished the one-on-one with the keeper with a measured lob into the right of the goal. It took a while for MOMED to compose themselves after their

early setback but they soon started stringing passes together and playing incisive balls cutting through the Port Fail defence with captain Niall Doherty causing the Port Fail defence all sorts of bother. Niall soon got his due reward after chasing down a long ball from the back. Port Fail ‘keeper Chris Williams struggled to deal with the bouncing ball in wet conditions leaving Doherty to finish into an open goal from a tight angle. MOMED went up another gear after the equaliser and regained the lead just before half time with a speculative long shot that found its way into the bottom corner of the net. Port Fail needed to regroup at half time and MOMED were licking their wounds and nursing various injuries from what was a

hard-fought first 45 minutes. Port Fail dominated the second half with Paul Cruchley and Jon Doyle stamping their authority in midfield. However, the chances to get an equaliser just weren’t finding the back of the net and with the game entering the final minutes, it was a case of now or never for Port Fail. Liam Doyle figured in much of Port Fail’s attacking endeavours and he was to play his part in the equaliser. He found his fellow striker James Carter in the box who managed to evade the defenders on the line with his side foot volley. Port Fail had got the equaliser their second half performance had deserved but the drama was not over. Only seconds were left on the clock when a long throw found that man again, Liam Doyle, amongst

a crowd of players in the MOMED box. No space was allowed for the turn so with his back to goal, Liam hoisted the ball over his own head and all 22 players stood motionless as the ball sailed into the far corner of the MOMED net. Port Fail had manufactured one of the great IMG escapes and stolen the three points from within MOMED’s grasp. This game was destined to be decided on small margins and Port Fail’s relentless pressure finally told against a weary MOMED defence. Port Fail will be lining up against in next weeks round of IMG matches.

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Sport

38 Racism regression as players end up in hot water Monday November 07 2011

gairrhydd sport@gairrhydd.com

George Dugdale investigates recent incidents of racism in the football public eye

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ritish football has made huge progress in the past twenty years in the manner in which racism is dealt with. In the 1980s, BBC pundit Leroy Rosenior has said that he was victimised en masse by crowds making monkey noises within English football stadiums. From these dark days, we have developed a footballing community that doesn't tolerate racial abuse in any form. After Blackpool striker Jason Euell was racially abused at Stoke in 2009, a man was identified by fellow fans and detained by stewards, before later being banned from for life. We have improved hugely, but the on-field allegations of the past month has caused some to question whether we've progressed as much as we like to think. That, however, is the key point. At the moment, we can only question what has been alleged. Until the FA conclude their investigations, we can not say that racism is prevalent in our game. Sadly, we live in a time where football rivalries are so prominent that some appear to be hoping for allegations to be proven, simply to score points over others. If allegations of racism by John Terry and Luis Suarez were disproved, the salvation of pride within football would be far more satisfying than any stick provided to beat two of football's most controversial characters. It is crucial that the FA reach swift, but accurate conclusions. Whilst these cases linger, the reputation of the game in England as a whole will suffer. Campaigns such as Kick It Out and Show Racism

The Red Card have had a hugely positive effect, but the impact of racial allegations in such a multicultural league and society is damaging. The Premier League is a worldwide brand and can not be seen to be weak in the manner it deals with serious accusations. However, it must also make sure that the conclusions reached are correct. If confusion has brought about allegation, the FA must be clear in their explanations, offering transparency whilst making a clear statement that this isn't a toleration of racial abuse. This decade is vitally important in the eradication of racism from football worldwide. Russia, the host nation for the 2018 World Cup, was shamed in June when a banana was thrown at Anzhi Makhachkala's Roberto Carlos. With African nations acting as a vital component in the World Cup, the Russian FA have seven years to address their greatest issue. If they fail, they will be shamed on the biggest stage possible. In Britain, we are winning the battle against racism in football. However, while there are still accusations, our governing bodies must remain vigilant. We have made great strides recently and the FA must be careful not to undermine this progress with secretive or inconclusive investigations. If these are cases of racism, the strongest punishment's must be enforced. If the players accused are innocent, fans of all clubs should breath a sigh of relief in the knowledge that football remains united against racism.

gair rhydd takes a look at the affects the adverse weather conditions are having on IMG fixtures

Jonathan Frank Sports Editor

The IMG football season has kicked off in its usual exciting way this season with many exciting matches and surprising results. However fixtures have been dealt a blow by an old enemy, the unmistakeably Welsh weather. Last year many teams were unable to complete their final matches of the season due to the frozen over and waterlogged pitches that became victim to the winter’s chill. This year the problems seem to have started already, only 3 weeks into the campaign. Captain of Real Ale Madrid, Jonathan Jenkinson, had this to say on the matter, “In the 3 years I've been playing IMG Football, the pitches have al-

ways become mud-baths early on. I think the quality of football suffers somewhat. It's a lot harder to pass the ball when you're sliding all over the place. There's not a lot we can do about it, particularly if we want to get all scheduled games played. I’d rather play on a mud bath than not play at all” There is something to be said however for the chopped up and water logged pitches in that they characterise the relaxed nature to league. Teams often share a laugh when a player finds himself ankle deep in muddy water, practically having to scoop the ball out of the turf. Nevertheless it is clear that the more expansive and flowing side so some team’s football is limited by not having the luxury of a wellmaintained playing surface.

This is a sentiment echoed by KLAW captain George Dugdale. “We struggled to play any football in the central third last week. Teams are forced to adapt their style and IMG football is rarely pleasing on the eye after the opening week of the season. The pitches are fine until the first rainfall, but never recover after that. If the alternative pitches at Roath and The Heath become unavailable, the IMG League may grind to a halt earlier than in previous seasons.” It’s sad but true that teams are going to have to rely on luck to get all their games finished this season. It will be a great shame if one of Cardiff Universities most popular sporting past times comes to an untimely stop.


News Opinion Politics Feature Science Societies Listings 1-7 9 - 12 15 - 17 18 - 21 23 - 25 26 - 27 30 - 31

Monday November 07 2011

Sport 37 - 40

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Sport39

Your Pitch: Team GB's Stars?

Rhys Clayton Sports Writer When the Olympics begin, those from all sporting backgrounds will come together. Regardless of the sport, we will all be cheering madly for any competitors emblazoned with the union jack during the frenzied sporting carnival. Then why is all the news about the national sport about controversy, rather than excitement? The uproar about the Team GB football has been brought about by the pseudo-patriotic posturing of the Welsh, Scottish and Irish FAs, which has turned the relatively straightforward formality of British players providing manager Stuart Pearce with an Olympic team for the 2012 Games, into an embarrassing international incident. These Football Associations simply refuse to endorse a 2012 Great Britain team on the grounds that they might lose their 'separate identity' within FIFA, despite as-

surances that such an alliance will have no such ramifications. Those who think football is a sideshow in the Olympics, think again. In Beijing, Argentina won the event with players including Mascherano, Riquelme, Zabaleta and the world's best player, Lionel Messi. Bronze medallists Brazil had a pretty handy team as well, with Brazillian legend Dunga leading a team filled with superstars like Ronaldinho, Pato, Anderson, and Dani Alves. The latest Premier league megastar, Aguero, who was also involved, was quoted as saying “You are in an environment with competitors from so many different sports and that is what made the Olympics such a special time for me. It was a wonderful experience that I would not have missed. Indeed, the Olympics are a unique festival of sport, where the £200,000 a week Aguero, is held in the same regard as archers and fencers, who have to work in full time jobs, and get their chance for glory once every 4 years.

Both Gareth Bale and Aaron Ramsey have been pictured in the "Team GB" Olympic fans' shirt, and I applaud them immensely for it. We are told that they may "face the wrath" of the FAW (Football Association of Wales), but I don't know how the FAW plan to punish our two most important, marketable players; the two who will hopefully be leading us to the 2016 World Cup in Brazil. The fact that the players knew it would cause controversy makes their statement bolder than ever. Welsh football Chief Phil Pritchard described the pictures as an “appalling” series of events that have ignored FAW wishes. Maybe Pritchard should stop his tub thumping, misplaced nationalism, and actually listen to what the players have to say. In this month’s “FourFourTwo” magazine, Ramsey has commented, "If we have the opportunity to play, why not? You're representing Great Britain in the Olympics. Having the chance to win

a gold medal doesn't come around very often". Well Said Aaron. The argument about the makeup of the team being dominated by English players is also fallible; there are currently no players from any Northeast clubs in the English national team. Does that mean football fans in Newcastle will not be supporting England when they play Sweden and Spain in the coming weeks? Equally, when the British and Irish Lions do battle with New Zealand, South Africa or Australia, united in purpose and ambition, it is genuinely something that makes me proud to live in this country. Nevertheless that alliance of home nations does nothing to dilute the rivalry or blur the distinctions between the national sides of England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland. Far from it, in fact, as anyone who has been to a Six Nations clash will testify. Rugby seems capable of seeing and understanding the bigger picture. Furthermore, the Millennium

Stadium is a venue for the Olympic football, along with St. James’ Park, Hampden Park (Scotland), Old Trafford, City of Coventry Stadium, and Wembley. It will do the nation proud if there are Welsh players running out at the Millennium next summer. When the Olympic flame is lit next summer, whether you believe the London 2012 Games to be a colossal waste of money or consider them the most magical idea of our lifetimes will be inconsequential. Footballers have wealth, fame and adulation beyond avarice in their sport today. The Olympics is the one place where it’s different, where just being there and taking part is the memory of a lifetime. They should be there for themselves. They should be there for our national honour. A little sacrifice from some of our famous football clubs should not be beyond them.

SOCSI A start off their Netball campaign with an outstanding victory

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s the IMG netball season kicked off on Wednesday, Socsi A started things in style with a strong win against Chemistry. Right from the first whistle, Socsi A dominated play, with sever al goals scored in quick succession

within the first few minutes. Successful interceptions from the Wing Defence Eliza Thomas and Goal Defence Martha Perry, along with some fast paced passes and teamwork from the Wing Attach Beth Button and Centre Bethan Jenkins ensured that even on Chemistries’ centre passes, Socsi A

remained in control. Chemistry soon fought back however, and with some ruthless defending. They managed to switch the play to their advantage, getting some impressive long range goals before the half time whistle blew. With the second half starting with a score of 15-5 to Socsi A, Chem-

istry came back with a new wave of energy; after some team changes they dominated the first part of the 2nd half. Socsi A soon woke up however, and with some strong defending from Goal Keeper Vicky and fluid passing from WD Amy Sambrook. They were able to redirect the

play down to their end, where some expert shooting from Goal Attack Bethan Williams and Goal Shooter Anna Graham meant the game finished with a final score of 26-8 to Socsi A.


Sport

gair rhydd reviews racism in football. << Inside

Ultimate frisbee 1st team place in division 2

Rhys Evans reviews the ultimate frisbee's preformance at an indoor tournament which saw the 1st team face-off against some tough opposition.

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fter a successful Fresher’s tournament, three select teams travelled to Plymouth for the two day Indoor Regional Championships with very clear goals in mind. For the 1st team, it was to flatten all opponents and finish in the top three teams, qualifying for Division 1 of Nationals. For the 2nd team, it was to gel as a team and seriously contend with some of the first teams that were competing. For the 3rds it was to learn and improve, working hard to pressurise all opponents and attack any opportunity given to them.

Three select teams travelled to Plymouth for the indoor championships

The 2nd and 3rd teams learnt a vast amount over the weekend. The 2nds pulled out some particularly good passages of play; Megan Cumberlidge’s pitch length assist to Allen Ross had to be a highlight and Devin Welsh, the only fresher on the team, helped the game flow moving the disc well. The 3rds achieved a lot over the weekend, building up to their best performance against our own second team, whom they beat by a couple of points in a frantic match. This meant that they finished 21st overall, one place above the second team. The 1st team cleaned up on the first day, starting off by swiftly defeating Kernow Inferno, a wild card from Cornwall. The rest of the games were against 2nd teams from Bristol, Southampton and Plymouth respectively all of which provided fierce competition, but were no match for the fitness and skill of Cardiff. Uriel 2, Exeter University’s 2nd team, managed to begin well and held Cardiff to a 5-3 lead, but after a rocky start Cardiff picked

Above: The team huddles up. Below: A dramatic catch in the end zone.

up the pace, winning the game 12-3. The most common combination of the day was the scoring pass from Josh Coxon Kelly to Stan Holt, displaying the teamwork that three years playing together has developed. The second day started with 2 new arrivals to the team, Sam Bowen and Rhys Evans. The strong cutting and aerial advantage they brought to the team was evident in the first game of the day against Exeter’s first team, Cardiff ’s biggest rivals in the competition. Cardiff quickly took a threepoint lead. However, thanks to a few strike moves by Exeter, they managed to draw even and when the time ran out the game went to sudden death with the scores tied at 3-3. Despite a strongly fought last point, the opponents managed to clinch the final score and the game. At this stage Cardiff ’s route to Nationals became much harder, further hindered by losing the next game again in sudden death, 7-6.

Cardiff's first team will be a threat for others in division 2

The 1st team needed a win against Plymouth otherwise they were out and they responded to the pressure magnificently, wining 8-3. The final game of the weekend decided whether Cardiff entered into division 1 or 2 of Nationals and was against a strong Bristol 1st team. Despite the fierce game play from both teams, the theme of the weekend continued, Cardiff losing in sudden death, 6-5. Nevertheless, an extremely promising start to the season all round. Finishing 4th the 1st team qualified for division 2 Nationals and with a high quality team and a focused game plan Cardiff's 1st team will be a threat for others in division 2.

Snow sports dominate in season opener Kirsty Hatcher Sports Writer

Above: Snow sports society in action.

Last year saw success for Cardiff Snow Sports Society, and they kicked off their new year in similar fashion. Travelling to the picturesque venue of Pembrey, where Beach Break Live is held, the club competed at the first round of four University Kings races, split into four different leagues, Northern, Western, Midlands and Southern. Cardiff successfully dominated the Western competition which included universities such as Bristol, Swansea, Bath and Exeter. Winning both the mixed and girls ski competitions, the day was topped off with the snowboard team’s prevalence over the competition. Holding off strong competition from hot favourites Exeter in the mixed team final, Cardiff pulled out another very impressive win. After three very important triumphs, Cardiff are now leading the results table comfortably and hope to build upon this foundation throughout the rest of the year. The second round is fast approaching and the club can only hope they can repeat the form they showed in Pembrey. The Snow Sports Society is holding a ski trip in December, if anybody would like to join them then email cardiffsnowsports@hotmail.co.uk for more information.

TEAM OF THE WEEK: Women's Hockey 1st XI Last Wednesday the 1st team thrashed UWE's 1st first team 10-1, taking them to the top of their league table. Speacial mention also goes to IMG Opus XI who recoreded their first league win of the season, beating MygMyg 5-2.


gair rhydd Issue 962