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sfo{:yn ;xsfo{ g]kfnsf] >d P]g @)$* / o; cGtu{t ag]sf] lgodfjnLn] Joj:yf u/]sf] sfdbf/, sd{rf/L / /f]huf/bftfx?sf] dxTjk"0f{ clwsf/ / lhDd]jf/Lx?sf] ;DaGwdf hfgsf/L u/fO{ >d ljjfb /f]Sg] / pTkfbsTj a9fpg] sfo{df ;xof]u ug'{ of] k'l:tsfsf] p2]Zo xf] .

1


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ljifo ;"rL P]g nfu' x'g] cj:yf | 04 /f]huf/ ;Demf}tf | 05 kl/If0f sfn / :yfoL sfdbf/ sd{rf/L | 06 Kffl/>lds | 07 Go"gtd kfl/>lds | 08 Kffl/>ldssf] e'QmfgL | 09 Kffl/>ldsjf6 s6\6L ug{ ;Sg] /sd | 09 sfo{ ;do | 10 a9L ;do sfd ug]{ | 11 lj/fdL ljbf | 12 3/ ljbf | 13 ;fj{hlgs ljbf | 13 ls|of ljbf | 14 k|;'lt ljbf | 14 ljz]if ljbf | 15 v/fa cfr/0f / ljefuLo sf/jfxL | 16-19 ljefuLo sf/jfxLsf] sfo{ljlw | 20 clgjfo{ cjsf; | 21 s6f}tL | 22 s6f}tL jfkt Ifltk"lt{ | 23 Joj;flos :jf:Yo / ;'/Iff | 24-25 u'gf;f] ;dfwfg k|s[of | 26 >d ljjfb ;dfwfg k|s[of | 27 3


P]g nfu' x'g] cj:yf g]kfnsf] >d P]g bzhgf jf ;f] eGbf a9L sfdbf// sd{rf/LnfO{ sfddf nufPsf k|lti7fgx?dfdfq nfu" x'g]5 . ;fy} g]kfn ;/sf/책f/f :yflkt cf}Bf]lus If]qleqsf] bzhgf eGbf sd sfdbf/ jf sd{rf/LnfO{ sfddf nufOPsf] k|lti7fgdf ;d]t nfu" x'g]5 .

4


/f]huf/ ;Demf}tf /f]huf/ ;Demf}tfn] /f]huf/bftf / sfdbf//sd{rf/L aLr /f]huf/ ;DaGw tyf ltgLx?sf] clwsf/ / bfloTj lgwf{/0f u5{ . /f]huf/bftf / sfdbf//sd{rf/Ln] ;f] ;Demf}tf cg';f/sf] clwsf/ tyf bfloTjnfO{ kfngf ug'{ kb{5 .

sfdbf//sd{rf/Ln] /f]huf/ ;Demf}tf / /f]huf/bftfn] lgwf{/0f ul/lbPsf] lhDd]jf/L axg ug'{sf] ;fy} k|lti7fgsf] ljlgodfjnL jf cfGtl/s sfo{:yn lgod kfngf ug{' kg]{5 .

k|lti7fgn] agfpg] ljlgodfjnL, cfGtl/s sfo{:yn lgod / /f]huf/ ;Demf}tf k|rlnt >d P]g tyf lgodfjnL cg'?k x'g'k5{ . 5


kl/If0f sfn / :yfoL sfdbf//sd{rf/L z'?df egf{ ePsf sfdbf//sd{rf/LnfO{ Ps aif{ cljl5Gg ;]jf gu/] ;Dd k/LIf0fsfndf /flvg]5 . ;fKtflxs labf / ;fj{hlgs labf ;lxt cljlR5Gg ?kdf @$) lbg sfd u/]df kl/If0fsfn k'/f x'g5 ] . cGo ljbf u0fgf ul/g]5g} . k/LIf0fsfnsf] cjlwdf sfdbf//sd{rf/Lsf] sfo{ ;Dkfbg d"Nof+sg u/L :yfoL ug{ ;lsg]5 .

6


Kffl/>lds sfdbf//sd{rf/Ln] sfd u/]jfkt /f]huf/ ;Demf}tf cGtu{t gubL jf lhG;Lsf] ?kdf kfpg] tnj jf HofnfnfO{ kfl/>lds dflgg]5 .

k'?if jf dlxnf sfdbf// sd{rf/Ln] ;dfg sfdsf] lgldQ ;dfg Hofnf jf kfl/>lds kfpg]5g\ .

sfdbf//sd{rf/Ln] kfpg] kfl/>ldsaf/] k|i6 ?kdf hfgsf/L u/fpg' kb{5 .

7


Go"gtd kfl/>lds Go"gtd kfl/>lds leq cfwf/ kfl/>lds / dx+uL eQf ;dfj]z ug]{ Joj:yf /x]sf] 5 . xfnsf] Go"gtd kfl/>lds b]xfo cg';f/ lgwf{/0f ul/Psf] 5 .

/f]huf/bftfn] sfdbf//sd{rf/LnfO{ lbg' kg]{ g]kfn ;/sf/n] tf]lslbPsf] ;j} eGbf sd kfl/>ldsnfO{ Go"gtd kfl/>lds elgG5 / o:tf] Go"gtd kfl/>lds ;a} /f]huf/bftfn] lbg' kb{5 .

8

cfwf/ kfl/>lds pRr bIf sfdbf/ ? #,$))÷– bIf sfdbf/ ? #,@!)÷– cw{ bIf sfdbf/ ? #,!))÷– cbIf sfdbf/ ? #,)%)÷– b}lgs Hofnf b/ ? !()÷– lgwf{/0f ul/Psf]

dx+uL ? !,%%)÷– ? !,%%)÷– ? !,%%)÷– ? !,%%)÷– 5.

hDdf ? $,(%)÷– ? $,&^)÷– ? $,^%)÷– ? $,^))÷–

Tff]lsPsf] Go"gtd kfl/>lds eGbf sd kfl/>lds lbg aGb]h ul/Psf] 5 . Go"gtd kfl/>lds cltl/Qm :j]R5fn] jf /f]huf/ ;Demf}tf jf /f]huf/bftf / sfdbf// sd{rf/L jLr ePsf] ;fd"lxs ;f}bfjfhL ;Demf}tf cg';f/ cGo k|sf/sf eQf / ;'ljwfx? lbg ;Sg]5 . s]xL ;fwf/0f k|sf/sf eQf tyf ;'ljwf b]xfo adf]lhd 5g\ .  Jfflif{s kfl/>lds j[l4 -u|]8_  kl/jxg eQf  vfhf eQf  3/ef8f eQf  cf]e/ 6fOd e'QmfgL  lhG;L ;'ljwf  jf]g; P]g cGtu{t lbOg] jf]g;


Kffl/>ldssf] e'QmfgL sfdbf//sd{rf/Ln] kfpg' kg]{ kfl/>lds /f]huf/bftfn] pgLx?nfO{ g} ;f]em} e'QmfgL ug{' kg]{5 .

Kffl/>ldsjf6 s6\6L ug{ ;Sg] /sd kfl/>ldsjf6 b]xfosf] cj:yfdf jfx]s c? cj:yfdf /sd s§L ug'{ x'Fb}gM n nfu]sf] hl/jfgf s§L ug'{ k/]df, n u}/ xflh/ afkt s§L ug'{ k/]df, n hfgL hfgL jf nfk/jflxn] k|lti7fgsf] gubL jf lhG;L gf]S;fg u/] jf x/fP afkt s§L ug'{ k/]df, n k]ZsL jf a9L kfl/>lds lbOPsf]df ;f] afkt s§L ug'{ k/]df, n lgnDag ePsf] cjlw afkt s§L ug'{ k/]df,

n ;/sf/L

c8\8f jf cbfntsf] cfb]z adf]lhd s§L ug'{ k/]df, n k|rlnt sfg"g adf]lhd cfos/ jf c? s'g} s/ s§L ug'{ k/]df . kfl/>lds /sd s6\6L ubf{ -cfwf/ kfl/>lds ± u|]8_ sf] ##Ü eGbf a9L x'g' x'Fb}g .

9


sfo{ ;do lgoldt sfo{ ;do b}lgs * 306f ;fKtflxs $* 306f nuftf/ kfFr 306f sfd u/]kl5 cfwf 306fsf] vfhf vfg] 5'6\6L lbg' kg]{5 . ;f] 5'6\6L b}lgs sfd ug{' kg]{ * 306fsf] sfo{ ;do leq kb{5 . sfdbf//sd{rf/Ln] x/]s ;Ktfxdf Ps lbg -nuftf/ @$ 306f_ ;fKtflxs ljbf kfpg]5 . ;fwf/0ftof of] ljbf zlgjf/sf] lbg x'g]5 t/ Joj;fosf] k|s[lt / sfd x]/L /f]huf/bftfn] ;Ktfxsf] cGo s'g} lbgnfO{ ;fKtflxs ljbf lbg ;Sg]5 .

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a9L ;do sfd ug]{ sfdbf//sd{rf/Ln] :j]lR5s ?kdf a9L ;do sfd ug{ ;Sg]5 . b}lgs $ 306f jf Ps ;Ktfxdf @) 306f eGbf a9L ;do sfddf nufpg' x'bF g} . a9L ;do sfddf nufpFbf ;fwf/0f Hofnf b/sf] 8]9L Hofnf lbg' kg]{5 .

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lj/fdL labf sfdbf/ sd{rf/Ln] Ps jif{df !% lbg;Dd cfwf tna kfpg] u/L la/fdL labf kfpg]5 . s'g} sfdbf//sd{rf/L la/fdL eO{ tLg lbg eGbf a9L labf a:g' k/]df g]kfn ;/sf/책f/f dfGotf k|fKt lrlsT;ssf] k|df0fkq Joj:yfkg ;dIf k]z ug{' kg]5 { . crfgs la/fdL k/L labf j:g' k/]df lghn] ;f]sf] hfgsf/L pknAw l56f] ;fwg책f/f Joj:yfksnfO{ lbg'kg]{5 .

12


3/ labf sfdbf/ jf sd{rf/Ln] sfd u/]sf] cjlwsf] aL; lbgdf Ps lbgsf] b/n] Ps jif{df hDdf !* lbg k"/f kfl/>lds ;lxtsf] 3/ labf kfpg]5 . 3/ labf a9Ldf ^) lbg;Dd ;+lrt u/L /fVg ;lsg]5 .

;fj{hlgs labf ;a} sfdbf/ jf sd{rf/Ln] k|To]s jif{ !# lbg k"/f kfl/>lds ;lxtsf] ;fj{hlgs labf kfpg]5 . s'g s'g lbgnfO{ ;fj{hlgs labf dfGg] xf], ;f] sf] lg0f{o Joj:yfkg / sfdbf//sd{rf/Lsf k|ltlglwx?n] cfk;L 5nkmnaf6 to ug{ ;Sg]5g\ . 13


lqmof labf k|lti7fgdf Ps jif{ cljlR5Gg ;]jf k"/f u/]sf sfdbf/ jf sd{rf/Ln] s'n wd{cg';f/ cfk}+m lqmof ga;L gx'g] cj:yf k/]df a9Ldf !# lbg k"/f kfl/>lds ;lxtsf] lqmof labf kfpg]5 .

k|;"lt labf dlxnf sfdbf/ jf sd{rf/Ln] k|;"ltsf] cl3 jf kl5 u/L hDdf %@ lbg;Ddsf] k"/f kfl/>lds ;lxtsf] k|;"lt labf kfpg]5 . o:tf] k|;"lt labf cfˆgf] ;]jf cjlw e/ b'O{ k6s;DdnfO{ dfq lng kfpg]5 . t/ b'O{k6s k|;"tL labf lnO{ ;s]sf] dlxnf sfdbf/ jf sd{rf/Lsf] b'O{ aRrf lhljt g/xL k'gM k|;"lt ePdf lghn] k'gM b'O{j6f;Dd aRrf hGd]df k|;"lt labf kfpg]5 .

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ljz]if labf s'g} labf afFsL gePsf] :yfoL sfdbf/ jf sd{rf/Ln] ljz]if kl/l:ylt k/L labf ga;L gx'g] sf/0f k/]df k"j{ :jLs[lt lnO{ Ps jif{df #) lbg;Dd ljz]if labf kfpg ;Sg]5 . ljz]if labf s'n ;]jf cjlwdf ^ dlxgf ;Dd lbg ;Sg]5 .

15


v/fa cfr/0f / ljefuLo sf/jfxL v/fa cfr/0f ug]{ sfdbf//sd{rf/LnfO{ ;hfo ug{ ;lsG5 . v/fa cfr/0fsf] uxgtfsf] cfwf/df lgDg rf/ k|sf/sf] ;hfo ug{ ;lsg]5 M n  gl;xt lbg] n  jflif{s kfl/>lds a[l4 /f]Ssf ug]{ n  lgnDag ug]{ jf n  ;]jfaf6 x6fpg]

v/fa cfr/0f / ;hfo gl;xt P]g jf lgodfjnL adf]lhd lbPsf] cfb]z jf lgb]{zg jf k|lti7fgn] agfPsf] ljlgodsf] hfgfhfgL a/fa/ pNn+3g u/]df jf k|lti7fgsf] u|fxs;+u b'Jo{jxf/ u/]df, :jLs[lt glnO{ a/fa/ sfddf u}/ xflh/ ePdf jf xflh/ x'g' kg]{ ;do gf3L xflh/ x'g] u/]df, sfdbf/ jf sd{rf/Lsf] lxt, :jf:Yo / ;'/Iffsf] nflu /flvPsf] s'g} lrh j:t'nfO{ hfgL hfgL b'?kof]u u/]df jf gf]S;fgL k'¥ofPdf . 16


jflif{s kfl/>lds a[l4 /f]Ssf ug]{

k|lti7fgsf] sf/]faf/df lxgfldgf u/]df,

clgoldt jf cj}w wf]lift ePsf] x8tfndf efu lnPdf jf efu lng afWo u/fPdf,

sfg"gL k|lqmof k"/f gu/L x8tfn u/]df jf k|lti7fgsf] lxt k|lts"n x'g] u/L hfgfhfgL sfo{ ;':tL u/]df,

k|lti7fgsf] ;DklQ hfgfhfgL tf]8kmf]8 u/]df jf To;nfO{ Iflt k'짜ofPdf jf clVtof/ k|fKt JolQmsf] :jLs[lt lagf k|lti7fg aflx/ nuL k|of]u u/]df jf cglws[t JolQmnfO{ k|fof]u ug{ lbPdf .

17


v/fa cfr/0f / ljefuLo sf/jfxL tLg dlxgf ;Dd lgnDag k|lti7fgsf] pTkfbg jf ;]jf k|lqmofdf c;/ kg]{ u/L s'g} czflGt pTkGg ug]{ sfo{ u/] u/fPdf jf cGg, kfgL, 6]lnkmf]g, ljB't ;]jf aGb u/]df jf k|lti7fg leq cfjt hfjt ug{ glbPdf, 3"; lng] lbg] u/]df,

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sfo{ ;dodf dfbs kbfy{ ;]jg u/L cfPsf] jf ;]jfg u/]sf] lrlsT;s책f/f k|dfl0ft ePdf .


;]jfaf6 x6fpg] >d ljjfb jf cGo ljifonfO{ lnP/ Joj:yfks, k|aGws jf sd{rf/Lsf] lj?4 s'g} lsl;dsf] xftxltof/ k|of]u u/L jf gu/L zf/Ll/s rf]6 jf cf3ft k'¥ofPdf jf afFw]df jf y'g5]s u/]df jf k|lti7fgsf] If]qleq x'nbËf jf tf]8kmf]8 jf s'6lk6 u/]df,

k|lti7fgsf] ;DkQL rf]/L u/]df,

lagf ;"rgf nuftf/ tL; lbgeGbf a9L ;do;Dd k|lti7fgdf pkl:yt gePdf,

g}lts ktg b]lvg] s'g} kmf]h } bf/L cleof]udf bf]ifL k|dfl0ft eO{ s}bsf] ;hfo kfPdf,

cfk"m sfo{/t /x]sf] k|lti7fgnfO{ xfgL gf]S;fgL k'¥ofpg] p2]Zon] To:tf] k|lti7fgsf] pTkfbg ;"q jf ljz]if k|ljlw ;DaGwL uf]klgotf eË x'g] s'g} sfd u/]df, jf

gl;xt jf jflif{s kfl/>lds a[l4 /f]Ssf jf lgnDagsf] ;hfo x'g] s'g} v/fa cfr/0f u/] afkt b'O{ k6s ;hfo kfO{ ;s]kl5 klg k'gM To:tf] cfr/0f ug]{ sfdbf/ jf sd{rf/LnfO{ ;]jfaf6 x6fpg ;lsg]5 . t/ o;/L kfPsf ;hfo tLg jif{ Joltt eO;s]kl5 u0fgf ul/g] 5}g . 19


ljefuLo sf/jfxLsf] sfo{ljlw

sfdbf//sd{rf/LnfO{ v/fa cfr/0f jfkt jvf{:tL nufotsf] ;hfo ug'{ cl3 v/fa cfr/0f u/]sf] tYo / ;f] k|dfl0ft ePdf x'g ;Sg] ;hfo ;d]t :ki6 pNn]v u/L To:tf] sfdbf// sd{rf/LnfO{ cfk\mgf] :ki6Ls/0f k]z ug{ sDtLdf ;ft lbgsf] Dofb lbg' kg]{5 .

t/ To:tf] ;hfo ug]{ ;DaGwdf lg0f{o ubf{ :ki6Ls/0fdf dfu ul/Psf] b'O{ dlxgfleq ul/;Sg' kg]{5 . olb :kli6s/0f k]z gu/]df jf :kli6s/0f ;Gtf]ifhgs gePdf sf/jfxL ug{ ;lsg]5 . >d P]gsf] bkmf %@-$_ cg';f/ ;]jfjf6 x6fO{Psf] sfdbf//sd{rf/Ln] pkbfg kfpg] 5}g .

20


clgjfo{ cjsfz

krkGg jif{ pd]/ k"/f ePsf sfdbf//sd{rf/LnfO{ clgjfo{ cjsfz lbg ;Sg]5 .

t/ k|lti7fgsf] sfo{ ;+rfngsf] lgldQ geO{ gx'g] sfdbf//sd{rf/Lsf] ;]jf cjlw c? kfFr jif{;Ddsf] nflu yk ug{ ;Sg]5 .

21


s6f}tL ljz]if kl/l:yltjz tLg dlxgf eGbf a9L cjlw;Dd pTkfbg jf ;]jfdf s6f}tL ug'{ k/]df jf k|lti7fgsf] cf+lzs jf k"/f efu aGb ug'{ kg]{ ePdf Joj:yfksn] >d ljefu dfkm{t g]kfn ;/sf/sf] :jLs[lt lnO{ k|lti7fgsf s]xL jf ;Dk"0f{ sfdbf//sd{rf/Lsf] ;+Vof s6f}tL ug{ ;Sg]5 . s6f}tL ubf{ Ps} lsl;dsf] sfddf sfo{/t :yfoL sfdbf// sd{rf/Lx? dWo] To:tf] sfddf ;a} eGbf kl5 lgo'Qm ePsfnfO{ klxn] s6f}tL ug]{ qmdn] s6f}tL ug'{ kg]{5 . :yfoL sfdbf//sd{rf/L s6f}tL ug'{ kg]{ sf/0f ;d]t vf]nL Ps dlxgfsf] k"j{ ;"rgf lbO{ jf Ps dlxgfsf] kfl/>lds lbP/ s6f}tL ug{ ;lsg]5 .

22


s6f}tL jfkt Ifltk"lt{ s6f}tLdf k/]sf] sfdbf//sd{rf/Ln] ;f] k|lti7fgdf u/]sf] k|To]s jif{sf] lgldQ lghn] vfOkfO{ cfPsf] tL; lbgsf] kfl/>ldsn] u'0fg ubf{ x'g cfpg] Psd'i6 kfl/>lds /sd Ifltk"lt{ kfpg]5 .

23


Jofj;flos :jf:Yo / ;'/Iff ;'/lIft, ;kmf / :jf:Yohgs sfo{:yndf sfd ug'{ ;a} sfdbf// sd{rf/Lx? tyf /f]huf/bftfsf] clwsf/ x'g]5 . Joj:yfksn] k|lti7fgdf sfo{/t ;a} sfdbf//sd{rf/Lx?nfO{ sfdsf] ;dodf :jf:Yos/ lkpg] kfgL kof{Kt dfqfdf pknAw u/fpg' kg]5 { . Joj:yfksn] sfd x'g] sf]7fx?df kof{Kt xfjf / k|sfz Pj+ pko'Qm tfkqmdsf] k|aGw ldnfpg' k5{ . sfdbf// sd{rf/Lx?n] b}lgs sfo{;dosf] cGtdf cfˆgf] sfo{:yn ;kmf ug'{ kg]{5 .

24


Jofj;flos :jf:Yo / ;'/Iff sfdbf//sd{rf/Lx?n] b}lgs sfo{;dosf] cGtdf dzLg / aQLx? ;a} aGb ug{' kg]{5 . cfuf] lgefpg] jf cfuf] nfUbf ;r]t u/fpg] oGq jf aflx/ lg:sg] 9f]sf jf k|fylds pkrf/sf] ;fdfg jf ljB'lto Kofgn /x]sf] jf tn jf j/k/ sf] :yfg v'Nnf /fVg' kg]{5 . sfdbf//sd{rf/Lx?n] zf}rfno ;kmf /fVg' kg]{5 . sfdbf//sd{rf/Lx?n] kfgLsf] wf/f k|of]u ul/;s]kl5 aGb ug'{ kg]{5 . cfu nfuL ePsf] ;r]ts WjgL ;'g]df s'g} k|sf/sf] xtf/ gu/L glhssf] aflx/ lg:sg] 9f]sf lt/ hfg' k5{ .

n

oj:yfksn] dlxnf tyf k'?if sfdbf// sd{rf/Lx?sf] lgldQ kfos kg]{ :yfgdf cfw'lgs zf}rfnosf] Joj:yf ug'{ kg]{5 .

25


u'gf;f] ;dfwfg k|s[of

s'g} klg sfo{:yn hlt ;'s} ;'Jojl:yt ePtf klg ljjfb p7g ;S5 . o;/L ljjfb p7g ;Sg] cj:yfsf] k"j{ cg'dfg u/L, Joj:yfks / sfdbf// sd{rf/Lx?n] ;+efljt ljjfbnfO{ ;dfwfg ug]{ k|so[ f to u/L /fVg' kg]5 { .

of] k|s[ofnfO{ rf/ txdf ljefhg ug{ ;lsG5 M klxnf] tx M cfˆgf] sfo{:yndf s]xL ;d:of 5 eg] klxn] ;'kl/j]Ifs;+u s'/f ug'{ k5{ .

bf];|f] tx M ;'kl/j]IfsnfO{ To;/L hfgsf/L u/fPsf] Ps lbg leq ;d:of ;dfwfg x'g g;s] ;f] ;'kl/j]Ifs eGbf dflyNnf] txdf sfo{/t JolQm;+u s'/f ug{' k5{ . t];|f] tx M olb ;d:of Ps lbg leq ;dfwfg x'g g;s]df dfgj ;+;fwg k|aGws ;dIf ;d:of k|:t't ug{' kg]{5 . rf}yf] tx M b'O{ lbg leq o;jf6 klg s'g} k|sf/sf] ;dfwfg x'g g;s]df, ljjflbt kIfx?nfO{ of] ;d:of ;dfwfg ug{ ;lsG5 eGg] ljZjf; ePdf, jftf{df ;xof]u ul/lbg k|lti7fg k|d'vnfO{ cg'/f]w ug'{ kg]{5 . 26


>d ljjfb ;dfwfg k|s[of jftf{ ljjfb ;dfwfg ug{ cfk;L jftf{ ug]{ . d]nldnfk ljjflbt kIfx?nfO{ ljjfb ;dfwfg ug{ ;xof]u ug]{ . dWo:ytf dWo:y jf lqklIfo ;ldlt 책f/f lg0f{o ug]{ . x8tfndf hfg ;lsg] Jfftf{, d]nldnfk jf dWo:y c;kmn ePdf, >d P]gn] tf]s]sf] k|s[of k"/f u/L x8tfndf hfg ;lsG5 . k|s[of k"/f gu/L x8\tfn u/]df u}/ sfg'gL x'G5 / To:tf] x8\tfnnfO{ Joj:yfkgn] /f]s nufpg ;Sg]5 .

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of] k'l:tsf g]kfn pBf]u afl0fHo dxf;+3 /f]huf/bftf kl/ifb\n] tof/ u/L k|sflzt u/]sf] xf] . lrq tyf l8hfOg lk|G6 sDo'lgs]zg k|f=ln=

lj:t[t hfgsf/Lsf nfluM

g]kfn pBf]u afl0fHo dxf;+3 /f]huf/bftf kl/ifb\ krnL ;lxb z'qm PkmPgl;l;cfO{ ldng dfu{, 6]s' sf7df8f}+, g]kfn kmf]gM $@^@)(! Email: employers@fncci.org Web: http://www.fncci.org

k|sfzg ;xof]uM cfOPncf]

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Workplace Cooperation Booklet  

Workplace Cooperation Booklet published by Employers' Council, Federation of Nepalese Chambers of Commerce & Industry

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