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map sources: Bernard Ratzer, British Military Map of 1766, British Headquarters Map of 1782, Stile’s History of the City of Brooklyn, 1884, Burrows Wallace 1999 Indian settlement Map, Boltons’s 1922 Indian Paths in The Great Metropolis, 2006 New York City Digital Base Map; Historic Stream and potential Spring locations reconstructed from a 2004 Digital Elevation Stormwater Model, and Springs not mentioned in the historical record are marked with a question mark, with the assumption that all early houses had access to fresh water. Historical features still being researched are marked with question marks. This is a DRAFT map being developed for research purposes by Eymund Diegel, 439 Sackett Street, Brooklyn, NY, November 2010 It may contain errors of fact and accuracy. Please send corrections to eymund@gmail.com.

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Gowanus Schools & Shoreline Changes since 1766


map sources: Bernard Ratzer, British Military Map of 1766, British Headquarters Map of 1782, Stile’s History of the City of Brooklyn, 1884 Burrows Wallace 1999 Indian settlement Map, 2006 New York City Digital Base Map, Historic Stream reconstructed from a 2004 Digital Elevation Stormwater Model This is a DRAFT map being developed for research purposes by Eymund Diegel, 439 Sackett Street, Brooklyn, NY, November 2010 It may contain errors of fact and accuracy. Please send corrections to eymund@gmail.com.

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1766 Bernard Ratzer Map Gowanus & Red Hook Marshes, Brooklyn


What Would our Backyard Esturgeon / Sturgeon

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Rivage / Shoreline - 2009

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Rivage / Shoreline - 1766

Villages Indiens / Indian Villages - pre 1750 Fortifications de la Révolution / Forts - 1782 Champs Indiens / Indian Fields (approximate) Marécages / Wetlands - 1766 Ruisseau / Stream - 1766 Canal Enterré / Historic Canal - 2010 Source / Spring - 1766 (speculative)

Plages / Beaches - 1766 Chemins / Roads - 1766 Chemins / Roads - 2009 Butte / Hill - 1766

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Champs & Vergers / Farm Fields & Orchards - 1766

Maritie Bevors, 84 years old, quoted in 1741 New Amsterdam Court Trial Proceedings, in "Indian Paths in the Great Metropolis", Reginald Bolton, 1922

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Hutte Indienne / Indian Hunt - The Lenape’s Canarsie tribe occupied the Gowanus area, including the Gowane

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After the battle was over, the two British officers were buried in a field, near where they fell, and their graves fenced in fenced in with some posts and rails, where their remains still rest. But for an "example to the rebels," they refused the American rifleman the rites of sepulture; and his remains were exposed on the ground, till his flesh rotted, and torn off his bones by the fowls of the air. After a considerable length of time, in a heavy gale of wind, a large tree was uprooted; in the cavity formed by which, some friends of the Americans (...) placed the brave soldier's bones to mingle in peace with their kindred earth."

Soldats Americains / American Soldiers - 1776

1824 - pg 51 - "Notes Geographical and Historical relating to the town of Brooklyn, in Kings County on Long Island" Gabriel Furman, discussing the Battle of Long Island, 27 August 1776

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1636 - FIRST EUROPEAN LAND TITLE IN LONG ISLAND - Bennet & Bentyne, two Englishmen purchase 936 acres of land from Canarsie Chief Gowane, founding the original Gowanus Village between 27th and 38th Street (Gowanus or Bennet’s Cove)

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In the battle part of the British army marched down a lane (Port Road) leading from the Brush Tavern (at Valley Grove) to Gowanos, pursuing the Americans. Several of the American riflemen, in order to be more secure (...) had posted themselves in high trees near the road. One of them, whose name is now partially forgotten, shot the English Major Grant; in this he passed unobserved. Again he loaded his deadly rifle, and fired another English officer fell. He was then marked, and a platoon (..) fired into the tree and the rifleman fell to the ground dead.

Foret / Forests - 1766

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"There had been .. thrown upon the (fire) to be roasted, a pail full of Gowanus oysters, which are the best in the country... I had to try some of them raw. They are large and full, some of them not less than a foot long, and they grow sometimes ten, twelve and sixteen together, and are like a piece of rock.. They pickle the oysters in small casks, and then send them to Barbadoes and the other islands."

"I was going by the house of Lubbertse, and saw many little hills in the way from the house to (Brouwer's) Mill along the neck and (when I) inquired what the hills were ... was answered that it was the Indian corn lands."

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Jasper Danckaerts, quoted in" A History of the City of Brooklyn" by Henry Reed Stiles, 1884, discussing Simon de Hart’s House at Gowanus Cove (near 28th Street)

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map sources: Bernard Ratzer, British Military Map of 1766, British Headquarters Map of 1782, Stile’s History of the City of Brooklyn, 1884, Burrows Wallace 1999 Indian settlement Map, Boltons’s 1922 Indian Paths in The Great Metropolis, 2006 New York City Digital Base Map; Historic Stream and potential Spring locations reconstructed from a 2004 Digital Elevation Stormwater Model, and Springs not mentioned in the historical record are marked with a question mark, with the assumption that all early houses had access to fresh water. Historical features still being researched are marked with question marks. This is a DRAFT map being developed for research purposes by Eymund Diegel, 439 Sackett Street, Brooklyn, NY, November 2010 It may contain errors of fact and accuracy. Please send corrections to eymund@gmail.com.

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New York Gazette, 20th November 1759

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"On Sunday week last past a large bear passed the house of Mr. Sebring, in Brooklyn, and took the water at Red Hook, attempting to swim accross the Bay, when Cornelius Sebring and his miller immediately pushed off in a boat after him. The latter fired and missed, on which Mr Sebring let fly and sent a ball in at the back of his head, which came out of his eye and killed him outright."

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Notre Histoire Cachée Our Hidden History

TRY TO GUESS THE HABITATS FOR:

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Gowanus Schools & Local Buried Features of Historical Interest


Brooklyn Gowanus Local History Map Sequence for School Science Programs, 2010