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Columbus OH, USA • Mayo 5/19, 2017 • Año 7 • No.159

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Columbus OH, USA • May 5/19, 2017 • Year 7 • #159

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TOP STORY

El Sol de Ohio | Mayo 5/19, 2017

Inmigrantes protestan exigiendo más derechos y menos deportaciones Trabajadores de varias ciudades de los Estados Unidos, incluyendo Columbus, Ohio, reclamaron el fin de las políticas antiinmigrante apoyadas por el presidente Donald Trump. Miles de personas marcharon el 1 de Mayo en calles de todo el país para denunciar los arrestos del gobierno de Donald Trump a los indocumentados y abogar por los derechos de los trabajadores inmigrantes en Estados Unidos. Las protestas —convocadas bajo lemas como el Día Sin Inmigrantes o May Day— se dieron en el marco del 1 de mayo, conocido como el Día Internacional del Trabajador. Pero los temas en las pancartas y las consignas de los manifestantes incluían todo tipo de mensajes, muchos de ellos en contra de las políticas del nuevo presidente. En Columbus, Ohio, la marcha fue organizada por Centro de Trabajadores de Ohio Central (Central Ohio Worker Center), y Red de Inmigrantes de Ohio, con la participación

de Paises Unidos, Ohio For Fair Food, My Project USA, Women’s March Ohio, Ohio Professional Staff Union, Ohio State Student, Farmworker Alliance, Coalition of Immokalee Workers, Jobs withJustice,Central Ohio Labor Council, Communication Workers of America, Local 4501, Local 4320, Socialist Alternative, International Socialist Organization, Real Food Challenge, y otros. “El 1 de Mayo es importante, pero lo más importante es qué acción vamos a emprender en los próximos días y meses y quien se presentará y luchará por la justicia para todos”, declaró Ruben Castilla, representante de Central Ohio Worker Center. Fotos: COWC/ Univision

Glendy Fuentes, coordinadora de la Red de Inmigrantes de Ohio, habla en la protesta


The Sun of Ohio | May 5/19, 2017

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El Sol de Ohio | Mayo 5/19, 2017


The Sun of Ohio | May 5/19, 2017

TOP STORIES

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ICE data shows half of immigrants arrested in raids had traffic convictions or no record By Maria Sacchetti and Ed O’Keefe The Washington Post About half of the 675 immigrants picked up in roundups across the United States in the days after President Trump took office either had no criminal convictions or had committed traffic offenses, mostly drunken driving, as their most serious crimes, according to data obtained by The Washington Post. Records provided by congressional aides Friday offered the most detailed look yet at the backgrounds of the individuals rounded up and targeted for deportation in early February by Immigration and Customs Enforcement agents assigned to regional offices in Los Angeles, Chicago, Atlanta, San Antonio and New York. Two people had been convicted of homicide, 80 had been convicted of assault, and 57 had convictions for “dangerous drugs.” Many of the most serious criminals were given top billing in ICE

news statements about the operation. The largest single group — 163 immigrants convicted of traffic offenses — was mentioned only briefly. Over 90 percent of those cases involved drunken driving, ICE said Friday. Of those taken into custody in the raids, 177 had no criminal convictions at all, though 66 had charges pending, largely immigration or traffic offenses. The raids were part of a nationwide immigration roundup dubbed Operation Cross Check, which accounts for a small portion of the 21,362 immigrants the Trump administration took into custody for deportation proceedings from January through midMarch. The two-month total represents a 32 percent increase in deportation arrests over the same period last year. Most are criminals, administration officials have said. But 5,441 were not criminals, double the number of undocumented immigrants arrested for

deportation a year earlier. The administration has released a detailed breakdown of the criminal records only of the raids in early February. Trump has said that public safety threats are his top priority. Shortly after he was elected, he vowed to first deport serious criminals from the United States. But critics say immigration agents instead have also targeted students, parents of U.S. citizens who do not have serious criminal records and minor offenders. “That makes me so angry,” said Kica Matos, a spokeswoman for the Fair Immigration Reform Movement, which is organizing demonstrations Monday to protest Trump’s immigration policies. She said that many of the DUI convictions are years-old and that the data “confirms our worst fears, which is that this administration is really trying to deport as many as possible regardless of whether they have a criminal record.” President Barack Obama

School resource officer removed from Westland High School after incident with student The Franklin County Sheriff ’s Office says they are investigating after officials with the South-Western City School District reported an incident between a school resource officer and a student at Westland High School.

Deputies were notified of the alleged incident by officials at the school district, and immediately removed the officer from the school. The resource officer is a deputy with the Franklin County Sheriff ’s Office,

but has now been put on unpaid status. No more information about the incident was released, both out of respect to the parties involved and due to the ongoing investigation. Credit: NBC4i.

also deported thousands of people who never committed crimes, but toward the end of his administration, he imposed strict new rules that prioritized the arrest of criminals. The Trump administration has said the current president also wants to prioritize deporting criminals. But officials add that anyone in the United States illegally could be detained and deported. “As Secretary Kelly has made clear, ICE will no longer exempt classes or categories of removable aliens from potential enforcement,” said ICE spokeswoman Jennifer Elzea, referring to Homeland Security Secretary John F. Kelly. “All of those in violation of the immigration laws may be subject to immigration arrest, detention and, if found removable by final order, removal from the United States.” ICE arrested immigrants across the United States in February as part of Operation Cross Check, an initiative that seeks to

detain immigrants that also occurred during the Obama administration. Jessica M. Vaughan, director of policy studies for the Center for Immigration Studies, which favors limits on immigration, said ICE is properly enforcing immigration laws by arresting criminals and people in the United States without papers. “Those are legitimate reasons to remove people,” she said. “ICE officers are no longer operating under the restraints imposed by the Obama administration. They’re not forced to look the other way when they encounter people who are removable.” Congressional aides said the information from ICE follows months of frustration from lawmakers that the agency is not responding fast enough to requests for information. After initially being supportive of Kelly, many Democrats have turned on him, believing he is being less than forthcoming about his sprawling department’s moves to implement

Trump’s immigration policy. Kelly, a retired Marine general, shot back at congressional critics last week in a speech at George Washington University. “If lawmakers do not like the laws they’ve passed and we are charged to enforce, then they should have the courage and skill to change the laws,’’ Kelly said. “Otherwise they should shut up and support the men and women on the front lines.’’ That kind of approach “wasn’t a constructive way to deal with Congress,” House Minority Whip Steny H. Hoyer (D-Md.) said in an interview Friday. Democrats, he said, are frustrated by Trump’s immigration policies but are unable to change laws because they don’t currently control Congress. “That kind of language ought to be jettisoned,” Hoyer said.


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OPINIÓN

El Sol de Ohio | Mayo 5/19, 2017

EDITORIAL Felicidades a la Red de Inmigrantes! El pasado 1 de Mayo, Dia Internacional del Trabajo, varias organizaciones se unieron para marchar por los derechos de los hispanos en Ohio, la mayoría de los cuales son trabajadores que aportan miles de millones de dólares cada año a la economía del estado y de la nación. La actividad fue organizada por la Red de Inmigrantes de Ohio y el Centro de Trabajadores de Ohio Central (Central Ohio Worker Center) que dirige el consagrado luchador por los derechos civiles de esta ciudad, Rubén Castilla Herrera. El Sol de Ohio felicita a ambas organizaciones, convocantes de la marcha, y muy en particular felicita a la Red de Inmigrantes de Ohio, una organización joven, que dedicó varios meses a los preparativos de esta importante jornada, y que supo llevarla hasta su exitoso final, a pesar de la fuerte lluvia y de las oposiciones de algunos grupos y personas. La comunidad hispana de Ohio, y muy específicamente en la ciudad de Columbus, necesita de acciones de resistencia y lucha civil como la organizada por la Red de Inmigrantes, para hacer valer y respetar sus derechos civiles, tantas veces discriminados y maltratados. Felicidades Red de Inmigrantes de Ohio! Cuenten con el apoyo de los buenos hispanos de Ohio, que son la gran mayoría!

GUEST EDITORIAL Trump needs a better approach to immigration because bullying isn’t cutting it

The Times Editorial Board Los Angeles Times President Trump’s immigration enforcement initiatives, such as they are, have had a rough run in the federal courts. First came a series of injunctions against both the original and the revised moratoriums he’d declared on refugees and visitors from a number of predominantly Muslim countries — a policy that Trump recently referred to in a tweet as a “ban” despite the White House’s insistence that it was not. Now a federal judge in San Francisco has temporarily blocked another objectionable Trump policy: his threat to withhold federal funds from so-called sanctuary cities, local jurisdictions where officials refuse to do the federal government’s job of enforcing federal immigration laws. Rather than articulating a defense of his policies, Trump let his itchy Twitter finger take over. “First the

Ninth Circuit rules against the ban & now it hits again on sanctuary cities — both ridiculous rulings,” Trump wrote. “See you in the Supreme Court!” That followed a noxious broadside on the courts from Press Secretary Sean Spicer that “the rule of law suffered another blow, as an unelected judge unilaterally rewrote immigration policy for our Nation.” No, a federal judge looked at the administration’s bullying threat to withhold funds that it had no statutory authority to withhold and declared it unconstitutional. That’s the very definition of upholding the rule of law. And once again the Trump administration unleashed a campaign-style attack, trying to undermine the judiciary just because the president didn’t get his way. Somebody needs a time out. The benefits to law and order are speculative, but the disruption to American communities and industries is real.

The nation has a significant illegal immigration problem, and while Trump rode that issue to victory in November, it’s clear he still has no good ideas for what to do about it. The wall? An expensive and ludicrous proposal that is losing appeal even among Trump’s supporters in Congress. And one that targets a problem that has been waning for more than a decade. Last year, 409,000 migrants were caught at the Southwest border, down from 1.2 million in 2005. Adding 5,000 Border Patrol and 10,000 Immigration and Customs Enforcement agents to hunt deeper in the country for immigrants here illegally? The last time the government undertook such a hiring surge — 2006 to 2009 — it failed to properly vet the recruits, sparking a 44% increase in civil rights violations, incidents of corruption and off-duty crimes by

border agents, like domestic violence. Besides, Congress has shown little interest in appropriating the funds — about $5 billion a year — to make the hires. Adding beds to accommodate the new detainees could add another $10 billion a year to the cost. And while Border Patrol agents have reported a drop in illegal border crossings, that’s the outcome of a campaign of fear — arising from the administration’s anti-immigrant rhetoric and executive orders empowering immigration agents to seek the removal of anyone without legal status — not the result of a coherent and just policy framed with the nation’s best interests in mind. The benefits to law and order are speculative, but the disruption to American communities and industries is real. Most of the 11 million people living in the country illegally have been here for

more than a decade, and have become entwined in the fabric of communities despite their illegal status. They are longtime neighbors and friends, the parents of American children, and workers who fill a significant percentage of the jobs in the agriculture, construction and service industries. Kicking them all out creates more problems than it solves. So rather than rousting those who established themselves here years ago without permission and otherwise have not broken significant laws, the administration should work with Congress to revive the 2013 comprehensive immigration reform bill and tackle this issue in a humane, pragmatic and forward-looking manner that emphasizes what is best for the country. In fact, most Americans support immigration and immigration reform, and want a path for legalization for those who have been longstanding productive

members society.

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American

At the risk of belaboring the obvious, immigration — despite society’s occasional surges of xenophobia — made this country. Not only does it define the nation’s past, it will define the future, as well. Yes, it needs to be orderly and controlled, which is why responsible national leadership is crucial. Instead, we get bellicosity and fear-mongering. With Republicans controlling both Congress and the White House, the immigration system is theirs to fix. They need to get to it, rather than pursuing draconian, legally unsound and disruptive enforcement strategies.


The Sun of Ohio | May 5/19, 2017

GUEST COLUMN

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Immigration policy isn’t just borders and fences. It’s trade and aid, too. But my analysis shows how varied Mexico-U.S. flows have been: in their composition, in their rationale and in their response to economic or policy conditions. This plurality implies that immigration policies are unlikely to have a universal effect on the immigrant population.

By Filiz Garip* The Washington Post Over the past two weeks, the White House has taken credit on multiple occasions for the decline in Mexican immigration to the United States. Yet while it’s true Mexicans are not coming in large numbers anymore, that’s hardly thanks to President Trump’s administration: Since the Great Recession, more Mexicans have been leaving than coming to the United States, for reasons related to labor markets and demographics both north and south of the border. Understanding these trends could help Trump approach immigration far more effectively than his administration has so far, with the government facing a potential shutdown amid debates over funding his promised border wall. To make sense of the factors that bring Mexican immigrants to the United States, I analyzed the largest data set available on Mexico-U.S. migration, which surveyed more than 145,000 individuals in 143 communities in Mexico between 1982 and 2013, and followed up with some of the immigrants in the United States. To capture the diversity of immigrants’ reasons for coming to America, I imported a method from computer science — cluster analysis — that allowed me to look for different groups among migrants based on configurations of attributes, such as age, sex, education, household wealth and community type, which are known to shape migration behavior. My analysis revealed four groups among firsttime Mexican migrants to the United States between 1965 and 2010. Each group had different characteristics and patterns of migration; each group also proliferated at different times and under different economic, social and political conditions in Mexico and the United States. The first group included almost all men with no education, the majority of whom came from poor households in poor communities in centralwestern Mexico. These migrants were likely to send regular remittances, to make frequent trips back home and eventually to return to Mexico. To characterize this distinctive pattern, I called this group the circular migrants.

In 1965, circular migrants were the majority group, accounting for two-thirds of all first-time migrants. The group declined in size thereafter, making up onethird of new migrants in 1980 and just one-tenth of them in 2010. The trend in this group closely followed economic trends in Mexico and the United States: Circular migrants declined in numbers as incomes in Mexico rose, real wages in the United States fell and the budget dedicated to securing the border grew. These changes increased the expected costs and decreased the expected benefits of migrating, and made it harder to circulate back and forth. In the 1980s, a number of economic crises shook Mexico and pushed another migrant group to majority status among firsttime migrants. Migrants in this group were mostly

young men — often younger sons — from relatively wealthy rural households, and peaked in numbers following the economic crises in Mexico. I called this group the crisis migrants. Crisis migrants accounted for just 1 in 10 new migrants in the 1960s. The share of the group climbed to onehalf in the mid-1980s and dropped to one-fifth by the late-1990s. The trend in this group tracked almost perfectly to the inflation rates in Mexico, capturing the volatile economic environment in the country in the aftermath of three peso-devaluations between 1976 and 1985. The economic configuration that made crisis migrants the majority group in the 1980s did not stay put for long. The Mexican economy achieved more stability over time. The U.S. immigration

policy experienced a major change in 1986, with the Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) opening the path to legalization for more than 2 million Mexicans. The effect of these changes became immediately visible in the migrant stream, and in the sudden rise of another group in the data. This group, which I labeled family migrants, included a large majority of women and a large share of migrants with family ties to former or current U.S. migrants. Family migrants grew slowly but steadily at first. From 1965 to 1985, family migrants went from comprising just 5 percent of new migrants to about 15 percent of them. But, in the immediate aftermath of IRCA, this group suddenly doubled in size, as well as in its relative share among first-time migrants, and retained that level

thereafter. By signing onto the North American Free Trade Agreement in 1992, Mexico experienced an influx of foreign capital and U.S. exports. These trends ran parallel to the rise of a particular migrant group in our data. This group consisted mostly of relatively educated men from urban communities. These urban migrants — as I called them — increased consistently in size over time. In 1965, the group accounted for less than one-fifth of first-time migrants to the United States; in 2000, it comprised more than half of them, and by 2010, almost 70 percent. Our current efforts to control immigration still largely center on border enforcement.

From 1986 to 2010, for example, the amount the United States spent on border security increased by more than 10-fold. During the same period, the number of circular migrants in the data declined by a third. The policy worked, in other words, but only on the people who would have returned to Mexico anyway. The period’s increased border spending did not stop the crisis or urban migrants, who simply relied on professional smugglers. As a result, the border became a more treacherous place not just for the immigrants, but also for the officers patrolling it. If immigrants are a diverse pool, then one needs diverse immigration policies to manage that pool. Perhaps, then, we should reconsider what constitutes immigration policy. Certainly, any legislation that concerns migrants or governmental office controlling these individuals’ movement qualifies as migration policy. But international economic agreements can also create or relieve migration pressures between two countries, as NAFTA did between the United States and Mexico. Foreign aid that promotes development in a poor country and conflict resolution efforts that improve security in a violent region may also affect migration flows. In other words, migration policy encompasses social policy, international relations and foreign aid policies, among other dimensions. If the Trump administration wants to create useful immigration policy that works effectively, it needs to think far beyond walls and fences.

*Filiz Garip, a professor of sociology at Cornell University and a Public Voices fellow with the OpEd Project, is the author of “On the Move: Changing Mechanisms of Mexico-U.S. Migration.”


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INSIDER

El Sol de Ohio | Mayo 5/19, 2017

Amid immigration setbacks, one Trump strategy seems to be working: fear A string of brutal murders in the US has thrown a national spotlight on MS13, a street gang that was born in LA but has roots in El Salvador. The latest was a mass murder on Monday on Long Island, where the bodies of four males, including three teenagers, were found mangled in the woods, according to police. President Trump tweeted to call the gang “bad”. Attorney General Jeff Sessions vowed to “devastate” it. Both blamed Obama-era immigration policy for its rise. But what is MS-13 and is Obama really to blame? A reputation for extreme violence The gang began in the barrios of Los Angeles in LA during the 1980s, formed by immigrants who had fled El Salvador’s long and brutal civil war. Other members came from Honduras, Guatemala and Mexico. The MS stands for Mara Salvatrucha, said to be a combination of Mara, meaning gang, Salva, for Salvador, and trucha, which translates roughly into street smarts. The 13 represents the position of M in the alphabet. MS-13 established a reputation for extreme violence and for killing with machetes. It took root in neighbourhoods

dominated by Mexican gangs, and later expanded to other parts of the country. According to the FBI, the gang has spread to 46 states. In 2012, the US Treasury designated the gang a “transnational criminal organisation”. It was the first street gang to receive the dubious honour, placing it alongside much larger international cartels like the Mexican Zetas, Japanese Yakuza and Italian Camorra. Brutal initiations MS-13 has been accused of recruiting poor and at-risk teenagers. Joining is said to require being “jumped in” - subjected to a vicious 13-second beating - and “getting wet” - carrying out a crime, often a murder, for the gang. Leaving is potentially even more dangerous. Large chest tattoos brand members for life, and some factions are said to murder members who attempt to leave. A 2008 FBI threat assessment put the size of MS-13 between 6,000 and 10,000 members in the US, making it one of the largest criminal enterprises in the country. It is now larger outside the country, according to the agency. An antigang crackdown in the late 1990s saw hundreds of early members shipped

back to Central American countries, where they established offshoots. Estimates put the number of members in Central American countries at at least 60,000. The gang’s annual revenue is about $31.2m (£23.4m) according to information from a largescale Salvadorean police operation obtained by the El Faro newspaper - mainly from from drugs and extortion.

‘Kill, rape, control’ Recent high-profile cases linked to the gang include the murder of two female high-school students who were attacked with a machete and baseball bat as they walked through their neighbourhood in New York last month - a revenge attack over a minor dispute, according to police. Four alleged MS-13 members were charged with that crime. Another two alleged members were charged at the same time with the murder of a fellow gang member said to have violated gang protocol. The same month, two alleged members of the gang in Houston, Texas were charged with kidnapping three teenage girls, holding them hostage and raping them before shooting one dead on the side of the road.

Miguel Alvarez-Flores, 22, and Diego HernandezRivera, 18, laughed and waved at the cameras during their court appearance. MS-13’s motto is “kill, rape, control”, according to one FBI gang specialist who investigated the group. Blaming Obama Mr Trump and Mr Sessions have pointed the finger at former President Barack Obama over the spread of MS-13, alleging that his open-door immigration policies fuelled its growth. But the gang formed and flourished in the US long

before Mr Obama came to power. MS-13 was identified as a significant threat in the 1990s, and a special FBI taskforce was convened against the gang in 1994. “The big surge was during Bush-Cheney when the drivers of illegal migration in Central America grew, when various crackdowns on crime filled prisons to bursting point, and when funding for rehabilitation programs declined,” Fulton T Armstrong, a research fellow at the Center for Latin American and Latino Studies at American University, told fact-

checking website Politifact. “I have seen no evidence that the Obama administration can be blamed in any way for the existence or activities of the gang in the US,” said Ioan Grillo, author of a book on US gang crime. The Obama administration also prioritised the deportation of gang criminals, including MS-13 members, in an aggressive deportation program. Politifact rated Mr Trump’s claim as false. Credit: BBC News.


The Sun of Ohio | May 5/19, 2017

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SPORTS

El Sol de Ohio | Mayo 5/19, 2017

Anthony Joshua: What next for the world heavyweight champion? Anthony Joshua is the real deal. Wladimir Klitschko is far from done. Heavyweight boxing can prosper through brilliance. There was no need for insults here. Yet there will be no pause for breath after a breathless Joshua stoppage win. The questions simply evolve. Tyson Fury took mere moments to stir the pot, Deontay Wilder likewise. Will they get their shot at a man now hailed as “the biggest sports star in Britain” and tipped to become boxing’s richest ever fighter? In stopping the most dominant heavyweight of this century in front of a record post-war UK boxing crowd - in a fight which had everything Joshua has everywhere to go and yet nowhere to go. Matching an event as iconic as this - delivering a pay day to beat the £15m he was expected to earn and finding an opponent capable of competing looks a tall order in the short-term. Yet the big names will champion their cause. “Fury, where you at baby?” Joshua said. The Gypsy King was busy tweeting: “You had life and death with Klitschko, I played with the guy. Let’s dance.” Joshua did hit the canvas hard before toppling Klitschko. Fury ducked, weaved and earned a comfortable points win by comparison in 2015. “Tyson Fury will be watching that and thinking I haven’t even got to lose six stone to beat AJ,” said 5 live boxing analyst Steve Bunce. “Could Fury have beaten AJ when he beat Klitschko? The answer is yes.”

Substantially overweight and devoid of a boxing licence, former world champion Fury will likely need time and a warm-up bout before meeting the IBF and WBA champion. WBC champion Deontay Wilder warned Joshua not to get “comfortable”, while Klitschko confirmed he holds a rematch option, adding that he believes the champion is “vulnerable” at times. “I could have done more to finish him off,” said the 41-year-old. The options are plentiful on paper but timing is the crucial factor. Fury will surely happen one day but not soon, meeting Klitschko swiftly before age robs him of further edge is a challenge and Wilder’s lack of appeal in the UK also presents difficulty. Bunce added: “Wilder needs at least one more fight - he is not at the payper-view stature yet.” Joshua’s rise, after being

all-but beaten in the sixth round, to administer a devastating uppercut and finish in the 11th, wowed the world of boxing. American viewers tuned in and lapped up the destruction. Legendary boxers Sugar Ray Leonard and Evander Holyfield were just some of those tweeting praise, while promoter Eddie Hearn believes his fighter’s profile is now “stratospheric”, adding: “He is unquestionably world boxing’s biggest star.” Hearn is just a piece in the jigsaw of a team which has made Joshua a juggernaut in world sport. His standing as a marketable asset for more than a dozen global brands brings closer his ambition to become boxing’s first billionaire, while it also heaps pressure on his broad shoulders. “The win accelerates him to be one of the world’s most sought-after major properties,” said sports

Why Gobert is most valuable big man in NBA El Sol de Ohio Special Report

Rudy Gobert may not fit the obvious mold of one of the league’s most valuable players. He doesn’t touch the ball much on offense and only shows up in defensive highlights when brave souls dare challenge him. But like a tower blocking out the sun, Gobert’s presence obscures opponents’ vision on one end and draws attention to him on the other. In this video, we’ll show how Gobert’s presence singlehandedly gives the Jazz an elite defense. Not only does he slap away would-be-attackers off the

rim, but he also intimidates those players from even trying. He is long and skilled enough to ward off two players at once, which means the other three Jazz players can stay on their assignments. That’s why teams don’t shoot layups or threes at a high enough level to score efficiently on Utah. Gobert isn’t just a onedimensional player, though. He’s become one of the league’s elite screen setters, creating countless Jazz drives to the hoop with his body. If you try to keep him off the offensive glass, you’ll only look silly in the process. While he’s not a back-to-

the-basket post player, he’s such a threat rolling to the basket that he draws perimeter defenders off Utah’s three-point shooters. Plus, when he does catch and finish, he can slide in from a variety of angles or just cram one in your face. Gobert wasn’t named to the All-Star team this year, but he has as good a case as any to be the most valuable big man in the NBA. When he’s on the court, the Jazz dominate, no matter who plays with him. When he’s out, Utah struggles. Isn’t that the very definition of value? Credit: SB Nation.

marketing expert Alun James, UK chief executive at Four Sports and Sponsorships. “A YouGov survey showed 20% of the UK population have a favourable view of him. That is a very good number for boxing, which is not a mainstream sport. “Because he’s a young black man, he also allows brands to extend into demographics they haven’t worked in before. He’s already working with brands from Asia to the US, the UK and Dubai. “I think he will certainly be the richest boxer ever and probably surpass Floyd Mayweather, who set the benchmark.” What we learned - a raw fighting machine Klitschko is no stranger to being knocked down - he hit the deck three times in beating Samuel Peter on points in 2005 and such resistance subsequently spawned an 11-year unbeaten run until 2015.

The fact Joshua has now tasted being decked and briefly humbled may well be viewed as a positive behind closed doors. No longer will doubters wonder about his heart. The world now knows what will is hidden beneath those pectorals. “There comes a time where it comes from within,” said BBC Radio 5 live pundit Richie Woodhall. “It is DNA or whatever you want to call it. Those punches came from the depths of his soul. That is what being a world champion is all about.” This great British hope showed transitions, boxing admirably early on, taking punishment in the middle rounds, and then switching things up to power punching, seizing his moment with killer instinct. ”There were times where he showed his inexperience but he learned and showed he isn’t just a prospect,” said Joshua’s trainer Rob McCracken.

“He can turn around fights and that will help him so much in his career.” Just 19 fights and now 55 rounds into his career, Joshua has every right to remain green in parts. Smiles at his opponent and celebrations after knockdowns will perhaps be stamped out. Indeed Klitschko said afterwards he felt his rival “lost focus” at times. In truth, the grand surroundings of Wembley are fit for a fully developed fighter. Joshua beat one, though both he and his team will admit he is not himself one yet, even if he did answer questions. “He was raw at times which he is, and at times he was probably exposed but to get exposed in front of 90,000 people, to bite down on your gum shield, and to knock out Klitschko in the 11th round, you can’t buy that heart,” added Hearn. A show of temperament The chin has been tested, as has Joshua’s heart, but what about the mind? Celebrities fell over themselves to engage with him within minutes of his win, A-list names on Twitter jumping on the expanding AJ bandwagon. He handled an expectant 90,000 crowd and surely no fight to come can be bigger from a stadium perspective? The champion said: “I showed that fights are won in the gym. It gets tough and boxing isn’t easy. You have to have the whole package.” With every passing punch, he looks just that. Credit: BBC News.


The Sun of Ohio | May 5/19, 2017

Arranca la Columbus!

pelota

DEPORTES

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en

El Sol de Ohio es representado por Los Terribles del Sol Inició con buen pie el Torneo Latino de Baseball 2017 en Columbus, con la participación de 4 equipos. Los juegos se realizan en el play de la Livingston, en el East de la ciudad. El torneo cuenta con la participación estelar del destacado toletero dominicano Armando Pimentel “Frutina”.

El presidente de El Sol de Ohio, Wilson Hernandez, hizo entrega de los uniformes deportivos, tal como lo había prometido, los cuales fueron confeccionados en República Dominicana, y fueron patrocinados por Multiservicios Dolly, Multiservicios Aquí, y Transporte La Bendición.

Rafy Basora (derecha), capitan de Los Terribles del Sol, junto al veterano jugador Tony el duro de Columbus.

El toletero Armando Pimentel “Frutina” es uno de los estelares que integran el equipo Los Terribles del Sol

Ya son 255 los jugadores que han fracasado con Cruz Azul

El Sol de Ohio

Redacción Central

Cruz Azul quedó oficialmente eliminado del Clausura 2017. Ni Paco Jémez, un entrenador europeo nuevo en el futbol mexicano, pudo romper la sequía de casi 20 años sin título que arrastra el equipo. Los refuerzos, que por momentos mostraron buenas cosas, así como los directivos de la presente etapa celeste, engrosan el número de personas que han intentado romper la mala racha que cumple dos décadas el 7 de diciembre de este año.

Tras ser eliminados al empatar el sábado contra Pachuca, La Máquina suma tres años (seis torneos) sin poder pasar a la Liguilla. Han dejado de existir las ocasiones en las que al menos llegaba a la final y perdía. El club se ha convertido en un desfile de jugadores, entrenadores y directivos que llegan con ilusiones y se marchan con fracasos. Desde que Carlos Hermosillo convirtió el gol con el que los cementeros obtuvieron el último título de liga en 1997, han pasado 255 futbolistas por el club celeste sin

volver a levantar un trofeo de Primera División. Además de mexicanos, las nacionalidades de dichos futbolistas van desde argentinos, hasta españoles, brasileños, entre otras nacionalidades. La gran mayoría de los refuerzos han portado sin pena ni gloria la camiseta cruzazulina, otros se han convertido en referentes durante muchos años, pero los 255 han fallado, al igual que los 15 entrenadores (algunos interinos) y los seis presidentes deportivos que han trabajado en el club de La Noria.

Se cumplen 12 años del primer gol de ‘La Pulga’ con Barcelona El Sol de Ohio

Redacción Central

Lionel Messi marcó su primer gol con el Barcelona justamente un día como hoy, pero de 2005, el argentino comenzó su historia goleadora en el conjunto catalán anotando a Albacete un 1 de mayo. Nadie imaginaba en ese entonces que ‘La Pulga’ rompería récords de goleo en el club y mucho menos que frente al Real Madrid anotaría su gol 500 con la playera del equipo blaugrana. Han pasado 12 años

del primer gol anotado por Lionel Messi con el Barcelona, el 1 de mayo de 2005 jugándose la jornada 34 del torneo de liga, el técnico holandés Frank Rijkaard le dio la confianza a un joven de 17 años con el “30” en la espalda, lo hizo entrar de cambio al minuto 86 y al argentino le bastaron esos cuatro minutos y el tiempo añadido para convertirse en el futbolista más joven en marcar en liga con la playera blaugrana, primer marca que rompió ‘La Pulga’ en Barcelona. Messi recibió un pase de Ronaldinho y definió por arriba ante la salida

del guardameta Raúl Valbuena, la celebración con el brasileño es uno de los recuerdos más gratos para el mundo del futbol. Ronaldinho, en ese entonces el mejor jugador del mundo, le daba la bienvenida al mundo futbolístico al argentino que más adelante se convertiría para muchos en el mejor jugador de la historia.


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CHURCH LIFE

El Sol de Ohio | Mayo 5/19, 2017

Church Life

Send events information or any opinion to: elsoldeohionews@gmail.com

Papa Francisco: Hay que hacer todo lo que se pueda por Venezuela El Sol de Ohio

ReporteEspecial

En la rueda de prensa durante el viaje de retorno de Egipto al Vaticano, el Papa Francisco reiteró su preocupación por la crisis que vive Venezuela, y aseguró que debe hacerse “todo lo que se puede”. El Papa recordó que “hubo una intervención de la Santa Sede” tras un pedido de cuatro ex presidentes iberoamericanos: Martín Torrijos, ex Presidente de Panamá; Leonel Fernández, ex Presidente de República Dominicana; José Luís Rodríguez Zapatero, ex Presidente de gobierno de España; y Ernesto Samper, ex Presidente de Colombia. Lamentablemente, dijo el Papa, “la cosa no resultó. Y quedó ahí”. “No resultó porque las propuestas no eran aceptadas, o se diluían, era un sí-sí, pero no-no”, dijo. Entre octubre y noviembre de 2016 se realizó un diálogo entre el gobierno de Venezuela y la

oposición, con la mediación de los cuatro ex presidentes iberoamericanos, y con el acompañamiento del Vaticano. A pesar de una serie de acuerdos, para noviembre las negociaciones habían

llegado a un punto muerto. En febrero de este año, el Arzobispo de Caracas, Cardenal Jorge Urosa, denunció que el gobierno venezolano “se ha burlado del Vaticano y se ha burlado de la Iglesia” porque hizo

creer que quiere llevar adelante el diálogo para salir de la crisis, “pero luego toman una serie de medidas que van en contra”. Desde inicios de abril, diversas manifestaciones multitudinarias pacíficas se

han realizado en Venezuela, expresando su rechazo al carácter dictatorial del gobierno del Presidente Nicolás Maduro Las manifestaciones, violentamente reprimidas por el gobierno, han

dejado como saldo más de 20 muertes y decenas de heridos.

Mexican beauty queen makes ‘radical’ move to religious life El Sol de Ohio Special Report Esmeralda Solís Gonzáles is a young Mexican woman who was crowned last year as a beauty queen in her native town – and now she’s joined the Poor Clare Missionaries of the Blessed Sacrament. Twenty-year old Gonzáles has watched her story go viral over the last week on social media over a post on the Miss Mexico Facebook page. Esmaralda was born April 12, 1997 in Valle de Guadalupe, Jalisco State, to a Catholic family. She currently resides at the convent of the Poor Clare Missionaries of the Blessed Sacrament of Cuernavaca in Morelos State, after leaving her career as a nutritionist. “You really don’t know what religious life is until you’re within it. So far I have been able to see from another perspective what the world is and what it offers you,” Esmeralda told CNA.

“I was very happy with everything I had, but it does not compare with the happiness that God now places in my heart.” The young postulant met the Poor Clare Missionaries some five years ago at 14, when her concern for a religious vocation “was awakening” through “vocational days, missions and camps.” In addition, she pointed out how it was hardly a month after this process of discernment concluded when on March 2017 she gave her first yes to her vocation on the Feast of the Annunciation. “God’s timing is perfect. During this time (of discernment) he allowed me to have some experiences such as being a beauty queen, and other experiences, which forever left their mark and which allowed me to learn a lot for what was to come later.” The discovery of the vocation to which she had been called was always present in her life like a “little thorn,” Esmeralda said.

“I realized that I had to make room in my life to know what it was that God had planned for me. In the process of discerning my vocation there was also fear and doubts, but the love that Our Lord was showing every day made me overcome any feeling of discouragement,” she said. Esmeralda said she had discovered that God was calling her “to serve him in a radical way,” that is, changing her “life to embrace the cross of Christ and live it more closely.” “I have been in religious life very little time, but I truly

have been very happy,” she said. In order to discover her vocation, Esmeralda spent a lot of time in prayer and charity, “knowing from the outside or from the world” what this change would involve. “Change is hard for the family because it involves detachment, but I have always had the the support of my parents, siblings and true friends. Even though I could have developed myself in some other setting, I feel that if the Lord needs me then I can bear fruit in a different

way,” she told CNA. Esmeralda had a few words for young people and said that in any vocation they will find difficulties, “but if you go and take God’s hand, you’ll always be able to take the next step.” “In religious life every new day is a new beginning and a new opportunity to extend the kingdom of God. This involves making a lot of sacrifices but they are always rewarded with happiness,” she said. The young novice also said that it is true that “the reality and the supposed

happiness that the world sells is very attractive” but “it is necessary to fix your eyes on what lasts.” “You mustn’t be afraid. If God is calling you, he’ll take care of everything. All you need to do is receive him with a lot of peace, joy and confidence. I believe fear is a big excuse that is responsible for truncating the true happiness that only God can offer,” she said. The Poor Clare Missionaries of the Blessed Sacrament are a Religious Institute of Pontifical Right founded by Blessed María Inés Teresa Arias in 1945 in Cuernavaca, Mexico. The spirit of the Institute is Eucharistic, Marian, priestly, missionary, and is centered on Jesus in the Blessed Sacrament. The missionaries work in clinics, youth groups, preschools and schools, university dorms, centers for the spiritual exercises, missions, among others. Credit: CAN.


CHURCH LIFE

The Sun of Ohio | May 5/19, 2017

Nutrición para el alma nancy@yahvefoundation.org

Nancy Striker Vicepresidenta del Ministerio de Damas Iglesia Apostólica La Gracia de Jesucristo

Ciertamente ninguno de cuantos esperan en ti será confundido; serán avergonzados los que se rebelan sin causa “Salmos 25:3.”

Evangelicals, Charismatics are Most Prepared for Persecution A new study explores the connection between various Christian denominations and persecution, including how prepared certain groups are for it. According to Christian Today, the report is called In Response to Persecution and is part of the Under Caesar’s Sword project at the University of Notre Dame. The study found that Evangelicals and Pentecostals tend to experience persecution the most and to be most prepared for it. This is often due to the fact that

these denominations focus on evangelism rather than assimilating with antagonistic cultures. “In response to persecution, evangelical and Pentecostal Christians are more likely to engage in strategies of survival or, on rare occasions, confrontation,” the report says. “They are less likely, however, to engage in strategies of association. Mainline Protestant, Catholic, and Orthodox Christians, on the other hand, are more likely to respond through strategies of association,” it continues.

Such is the case in the country of Nigeria, for example, where the report found that “Although views do not divide perfectly, Catholics and mainline Protestants tend to favor interreligious dialogue and building ties with Muslims, while evangelicals are skeptical of such engagement and more likely to prioritize evangelization.” The Under Caesar’s Sword project involved 17 scholars from various Christian organizations and schools.

Muchas veces esperar en Dios es un proceso largo y tal vez en medio de ese proceso podrías sentir algún tipo de confusión, pero no dejes que ningún pensamiento negativo entre a tu mente para perturbarte a tal grado que creas que Dios te ha desamparado. No olvides, que nuestro Dios sabe tu presente, y tu futuro y quizás por lo que estas clamando o aturdido no es necesariamente lo que él tiene para ti. Aprende a esperar en él sin sentir ningún tipo de ansiedad, tormento o desesperación, confía en que la justicia divina de Dios es para todo aquel que sabe esperar el tiempo perfecto de él. ¿Por qué te abates, oh alma mía, y te turbas dentro de mí? Espera en Dios; porque aún he de alabarle, salvación mía y Dios mío “Salmos 42:5.” Te aconsejo por experiencia vivida que la verdadera justicia de Dios llega en el día menos esperado. Lo que te quiero decir es que no te atormentes o dejes de disfrutar de cada día que Dios te está regalando para pensar en ¿Cuándo el Dios que todo lo puede te hará justicia? La manera que tú le muestra a Dios que confía en sus promesas es deleitándote de cada una de las bendiciones diarias que él tiene para ti. Al SEÑOR esperé pacientemente, y Él se inclinó a mí y oyó mi clamor…“Salmos 40:1.” El Dios que todo lo puede, el Dios que todo lo sabe está contigo en cada uno de tu pasos y será justo para contigo; porque él conoce tu corazón y conoce quién tú eres. Y en aquel día se dirá: He aquí, éste es nuestro Dios a quien hemos esperado para que nos salvara; éste es el SEÑOR a quien hemos esperado; regocijémonos y alegrémonos en su salvación “Isaías 25:9.” ¡Alégrate; porque el Dios de lo imposible está trabajando para que sea posible!

Protestantes son más proclives a secularizarse que católicos, asegura pastor luterano El pastor luterano finlandés, Tapani Ruotsalainen, al cargo de una comunidad cercana a Laponia, afirmó que las Iglesias resultantes de la Reforma Luterana son mucho más proclives a secularizarse que la Iglesia Católica, y mostró su alegría por los pasos dados hacia la unidad de los cristianos. En una entrevista concedida a la revista española Palabra con motivo de los 500 años de la Reforma, el pastor finlandés reconoció que “la búsqueda de mis propias raíces me ha llevado, a mí como a muchos luteranos, a redescubrir las enseñanzas de la primitiva Iglesia, y así a desear e intentar la unidad”. En la entrevista se preguntó que “si todos bebemos y nos saciamos de la misma fuente, ¿por qué la división entre los cristianos?”. Además, también se planteó si “se ha conservado la herencia de la Reforma en la actual Iglesia Luterana”, y aseguró que se trata de una “pregunta que

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CHURCHES SERVICES / SERVICIOS DE IGLESIAS Christ the King (Catholic Church) (Servicio en español) 2777 E. Livingston Ave. Columbus, OH 43209 (614) 237-0401 English (614) 237- 0414 Español Mass Times Horario de Misa Weekend Mass Saturday 4:00 PM English 6:00 PM Spanish Sunday 8:00 AM English 10:00 AM English 12:30 PM Spanish Rhema Christian Center (614) 471-9673 2100 Agler Road Columbus, Ohio 43224 Service Times: Saturday Service 6:00 PM Sunday Service 8:00 AM & 11:00 AM Vineyard Church at Tuttle Crossing 5400 Avery Rd. Dublin. OH. 43016 Phone: 614.876.0258 Service Times We meet Sundays at 10:30AM. Free coffee and free Timbits are served every morning! We have dynamic worship, great teaching and personal ministry. Full childcare is available as well as programming for children during the service. We love and welcome your children. St. Stephen’s Episcopal Church 30 West Woodruff Ave. Columbus, Ohio 43210 on the campus of The Ohio State University 614-294-3749 Sunday Worship Schedule: 8:30 a.m. Holy Eucharist (no music) 10:30 a.m. Holy Eucharist with music 6:00 p.m. Campus Worship community St. Mark’s United Methodist Church 5200 Sullivant Ave. Columbus, OH 43228 Office: 614-878-6520 Worship times: Sunday (English) 10:30 am

nos hacemos muchas personas”. En este sentido, explicó que “es un hecho obvio que en los países de tradición reformada es donde más se ha desarrollado y con más fuerza ha surgido el fenómeno de la secularización. Las diversas Iglesias surgidas de la Reforma han cambiado la doctrina original, y se han dejado llevar por las corrientes liberales que marca la sociedad”.

En concreto, se refirió “al sacerdocio de las mujeres, que se aprobó en Finlandia en 1986”. Lamentó que “en los últimos años se ha convertido en el centro de la discusión el cambio de concepto de matrimonio para abrir la posibilidad de equiparlo a cualquier unión, incluso entre personas del mismo sexo. Además, en algunos ambientes eclesiales no es clara la posición sobre la eutanasia”.

“Me viene con frecuencia a la cabeza una pregunta crucial. ¿Por qué las Iglesias reformadas se amoldan a las corrientes sociales, cambiando su doctrina original, más fácilmente que la Iglesia Católica?”. “Parece que el origen de los cambios para amoldarse a la sociedad no viene del interior de la Iglesia ni de su desarrollo teológico, sino que más bien los fundamentos de esos cambios vienen

de la sociedad misma”, respondió. Indicó que “en la Iglesia Luterana actual parece que los valores en los que sustentar la teología y la vida espiritual son la igualdad, los derechos humanos y el respeto equitativo a los demás. Estos valores en sí son defendibles. Pero fundamentar en ellos una teología, toda una vida espiritual, es muy difícil”.

Worthington SeventhDay Adventist Church 385 E. Dublin-Granville Rd. Worthington, OH 43085 Phone: 614-885-7812 Service Times: First Service: Contemporary 9:00 am Sabbath School: Adult and children of all ages: 10:15 am Second Service: Traditional 11:20 am The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints 2400 Red Rock Blvd, Grove City, OH 43123 (614) 875-8490


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NATION & WORLD

El Sol de Ohio | Mayo 5/19, 2017

The Sun of Ohio Special Report

Innkeepers, restaurateurs and landscapers around the U.S. say they are struggling to find seasonal help and turning down business in some cases because the government tightened up on visas for temporary foreign workers. “There’s going to be a lot of businesses that just can’t function on a full-time basis, and some might not even open at all,” said Mac Hay, who co-owns Mac’s Seafood on Cape Cod and has organized seasonal businesses to lobby Congress. At issue are H-2B temporary visas, which are issued for workers holding down seasonal, nonagricultural jobs. The U.S. caps the number at 66,000 per fiscal year. Some workers return year after year, and Congress has let them do so in the past without being counted toward the limit. No such exception was passed for 2017 at the end of last year, after the presidential election. Lawmakers on Monday unveiled a government spending bill that would allow the homeland security secretary to increase the number of H-2B visas this fiscal year to almost 130,000. But there is concern that even if the measure passes, it will take weeks for visas to be processed, meaning many workers probably won’t arrive in time for Memorial Day and maybe not until after the Fourth of July. Many resorts rely heavily on foreigners on H-2B visas to work as housekeepers, cooks, dishwashers and the like, saying they cannot find enough Americans willing to take such jobs. President Donald Trump himself has hired seasonal workers at his Mar-a-Lago resort in this way.

With visas tight, US resorts struggle to find seasonal help Each visa typically costs at least $1,000 in government fees, travel and other expenses, paid by employers. At the Beachmere Inn in Ogunquit, Maine, owner Sarah Mace Diment said she cut back on the number of rooms available during New England’s spring vacation week in April because she is short eight housekeepers, who are paid $10 to $12.50 an hour. None of her visa requests were granted, she said. Critics say that bringing in cheap foreign labor undercuts U.S. workers and drives down wages and that employers aren’t trying hard enough to hire Americans. Under the H-2B rules, employers must advertise for U.S. workers first.

Diment said she hires housekeepers from Jamaica because there aren’t enough people in rural, southern Maine looking for seasonal work. Maine is at its lowest unemployment on record, 3 percent. She has hired U.S. college students, but they go back to school in August, well before the season ends in October. “I’m always going to hire an American first. I’m always going to hire someone locally first,” Diment said. “We’re not using this program because it’s easy. It’s not. It’s very difficult and expensive, but we’re using it because we have no other options.” Landscapers are the biggest users of the H-2B program. Stephen Faulkner, who owns a landscaping

Carl Bernstein: Trump lies ‘day in and day out’ The Sun of Ohio Special Report

CNN commentator and veteran reporter Carl Bernstein on Sunday accused President Trump of lying “day in and day out.” “He deserves respect as the duly elected president of the United States,” Bernstein said on CNN’s “Reliable Sources.” “That doesn’t mean he deserves not to be called on lies. He has lied as no president of the United States in my lifetime has, day in and day out.” “It is our job to, as I said in that address to the

correspondents’ dinner last night: follow the money, yes, but follow the lies as well.” Bernstein urged fellow reporters to find the “best obtainable version of the truth.” “We are struggling to cover factually, contextually, with nuance, who this president is, who this individual is, who his family is, who his business relationships are with, what his policies are, and how those working with him are doing,” he said. During his address alongside fellow Watergate reporter Bob Woodward at Saturday’s White House

correspondents’ dinner, Bernstein alluded to the secrecy of the Nixon White House, seemingly comparing it to the current administration. “Almost inevitably, unreasonable government secrecy is the enemy and usually the giveaway about what the real story might be,” Bernstein said, CNN reported. “When lying is combined with secrecy, there is usually a pretty good road map in front of us.” Credit: The Hill.

and nursery business in Hooksett, New Hampshire, said he expects to turn away hundreds of thousands of dollars’ worth of work this season because he could not get visas for any of the six Mexican landscapers who have been with him for a decade. He said he is considering giving up the landscape division. “My company is being devastated by not having my returning workers,” he said. “I’m running out of energy and fortitude, and American jobs might be lost because of it.” The AFL-CIO says the H-2B program enables discrimination and exploitation of workers and hurts efforts to raise wages and improve

working conditions. And U.S. Sen. Bernie Sanders has questioned whether willing Americans truly are unavailable for these jobs. “We supposedly live in a supply-and-demand economy, and if employers can’t find workers to fill their jobs, they might want to raise wages,” the Vermont independent recently told The Burlington Free Press. Joseph Lieghio and his family operate hotels and restaurants in Mackinaw City, Michigan. Lieghio said he doubts he could attract Americans even if he doubled the $10-to-$11-anhour wage for dishwashers, short-order cooks and front desk staff. “If they breathe and walk in the door, we give them a job,” he said. “There’s no

one here.” He said about 130 of his visa requests were granted and 80 were not. He is cutting hours at his restaurants, raising prices and postponing the opening of a new restaurant, he said. Novelette Barnes-Chin began leaving Jamaica for seasonal work in the U.S. at 32. Now 50, she said she is praying she will be able to work at the Beachmere Inn for at least part of the season. “In Jamaica we would say that’s our breadbasket. That’s what we look forward to every year, to go work, save and buy our food, buy our clothes and supplies,” she said. “I feel really, really heartbroken right now, really sad.”


The Sun of Ohio | May 5/19, 2017

MUNDO

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Una funcionaria del FBI se casó con el terrorista de ISIS al que tenía que investigar Una traductora del FBI con un acceso de seguridad a información secreta viajó a Siria en 2014 y se casó con el miembro de ISIS al que se le había asignado investigar, supo CNN. La funcionaria rebelde, Daniela Greene, mintió al FBI sobre dónde iba y advirtió a su nuevo esposo que estaba bajo investigación, de acuerdo con los registros de la corte federal. El caso de Greene, que nunca había sido divulgado, expone una violación embarazosa de la seguridad nacional en el FBI, una agencia que ha vuelto su misión sacar a simpatizantes de ISIS del país. También plantea preguntas acerca de si Greene recibió un trato favorable de los fiscales del Departamento de Justicia que la acusaron de un delito relativamente menor y luego pidieron a un juez que le diera una condena reducida a cambio de su cooperación, cuyos

detalles siguen cubiertos por el secreto ordenado por la corte. Fue Denis Cuspert, un rapero alemán convertido en reclutador de ISIS, cuya creciente influencia como reclutador en línea de violentos yihadistas lo había puesto en el radar de las autoridades antiterroristas en dos continentes. En Alemania, Cuspert era conocido con el nombre artístico de Deso Dogg. En Siria, era conocido como Abu Talha al-Almani. Elogió a Osama bin Laden en una canción, amenazó al expresidente Barack Obama con un gesto de corte de garganta y apareció en videos de propaganda, incluyendo uno en el que estaba sosteniendo una cabeza humana recién cortada. A las pocas semanas de casarse con Cuspert, Greene, de 38 años, parecía darse cuenta de que había cometido un terrible error. Ella huyó de regreso a

Estados Unidos, donde fue inmediatamente arrestada y aceptó cooperar con las autoridades. Se declaró culpable de hacer declaraciones falsas sobre terrorismo internacional y fue sentenciada a dos años de prisión federal. Fue liberada el verano pasado. El FBI, en una declaración a CNN, dijo que como resultado del caso de Greene “tomó varias medidas en una variedad de áreas para identificar y

reducir las vulnerabilidades de seguridad. El FBI sigue reforzando las medidas de protección en la realización de su trabajo vital”. El fiscal adjunto estadounidense Thomas Gillice dijo que Greene había “violado la confianza pública, la confianza de los funcionarios que le otorgaron la autorización de seguridad y la confianza de aquellos con quienes trabajaba y, al hacerlo, puso en peligro la seguridad de

nuestra nación”. Aunque la conducta de Greene “bordeó peligrosamente una línea cercana a otras acusaciones más serias”, el fiscal argumentó que debería recibir una sentencia más leve por su cooperación. La condena de dos años de Greene fue menor que los castigos dados a otros acusados acusados de delitos relacionados con el terrorismo

Greene, que ahora trabaja como anfitriona en un salón de hotel, dijo en una breve entrevista con CNN que tenía miedo de discutir los detalles de su caso. “Si te hablo, mi familia estará en peligro”, dijo Greene. Ella rechazó hacer más comentarios. CNN no revelará la ubicación de Greene en EE.UU. y ha desenfocado su cara en fotos y videos debido a las preocupaciones planteadas sobre su seguridad. Su abogado Shawn Moore, exayudante del defensor público federal, dijo que no podía comentar los detalles del caso, citando restricciones de privilegio entre abogado y cliente y restricciones de seguridad nacional. Describió a Greene como “inteligente, articulada y obviamente ingenua”. Dijo que estaba “genuinamente arrepentida” por sus acciones.

Corea del Norte perdió uno de sus mayores socios comerciales

Maduro pide por decreto liquidar todos los poderes y redactar una Constitución a su medida El Sol de Ohio

Reporte Especial

El presidente venezolano Nicolás Maduro decretó la convocatoria a una “Asamblea Nacional Constituyente chavista” para conjurar la crisis política y económica que mantiene en jaque a su gobierno, mediante el desmantelamiento de los actuales poderes públicos y la redacción de una nueva Constitución a su medida. Entre otras reformas, la nueva Carta Magna le otorgaría rango constitucional al Poder Comunal —que es como llama el gobierno a las organizaciones de base afines al Partido Socialista Unido de Venezuela— y a un sistema de “justicia severa contra el terrorismo”, según explicó Maduro este

lunes por la noche desde el Palacio de Miraflores durante el acto de firma del decreto. “Les entrego el poder que me dio Chávez, les entrego el poder de la patria”, había dicho Maduro más temprano, ante centenares de funcionarios públicos uniformados de rojo que participaban en un acto de masas celebrado en la avenida Bolívar del centro de Caracas. “Pido el apoyo de todo el pueblo de Venezuela, de la unión cívico-militar para avanzar en paz y que la Asamblea Nacional Constituyente tenga una mayoría arrasadora del pueblo chavista”. “Necesitamos transformar el Estado, sobre todo esa Asamblea Nacional podrida que está ahí”, agregó el presidente, refiriéndose a

la mayoría opositora en el Parlamento —el único de los cinco poderes públicos del país que no está controlado por las fuerzas del oficialismo—. Del mismo plumazo, la Constituyente obligaría a renovar a las autoridades del Poder Ciudadano, integrado por la Fiscalía General, la Procuraduría de la República y la Defensoría del Pueblo. De ese modo, Maduro también podría librarse de las tímidas críticas que ha dejado colar la fiscal Luisa Ortega Díaz, quien en el último mes rechazó la sentencia del TSJ contra la Asamblea Nacional y admitió públicamente que los cuerpos seguridad del Estado ejecutan detenciones arbitrarias de manifestantes, sin ir más allá de las palabras.

El Sol de Ohio

Reporte Especial

Corea del Norte perdió a uno de sus mayores socios comerciales, después de que la India decidiera prohibir la mayoría de negociaciones con el país gobernado por Kim Jongun. La semana pasada, el gobierno de la India anunció que está suspendiendo todo el comercio con el régimen, salvo por los alimentos y la medicina. La decisión se produjo a medida que la tensión en la península de Corea aumenta y el gobierno de Estados Unidos pide a la comunidad internacional más acciones globales para terminar de aislar a Pyongyang. El veto entró en vigor en abril y pone a la India en línea con las sanciones de

las Naciones contra Corea del Norte.

como lo revelaron datos del gobierno indio.

De hecho, el Consejo de Seguridad de la ONU lleva más de una década intentando reprimir el programa de armas nucleares que adelanta el régimen, a través de duras sanciones económicas.

Este país ha mantenido las relaciones diplomáticas con Pyongyang, por lo que con el decreto de la prohibición comercial es la primera vez que la India publica oficialmente una orden asegurando que cumplirá plenamente las resoluciones sancionatorias de las Naciones Unidas contra Corea del Norte.

La mayoría de países de occidente suspendieron su comercio con Corea del Norte. La India, por su parte, era hasta muy poco el tercer socio comercial más grande de ese país, después de China y Arabia Saudita, según información del Fondo Monetario Internacional. La India exportó bienes a Corea del Norte por cerca de 111 millones de dólares entre 2015 y 2016. Las importaciones en ese mismo periodo ascendieron a alrededor de 88 millones de dólares,

Se cree que la mayor fuente de divisas extranjeras que Corea del Norte percibe, proviene de los millones de toneladas de carbón que vende a China cada año. Lo que representó alrededor de un tercio de las exportaciones oficiales en 2015. Fuente: CNN.


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HEALTH

El Sol de Ohio | Mayo 5/19, 2017

Why an American went to Cuba for cancer care Cuba has faced more than 50 years of US sanctions. Now, for the first time, a unique drug developed on the communist island is being tested in New York state. But some American cancer patients are already taking it - by defying the embargo and flying to Havana for treatment. Judy Ingels and her family are in Cuba for just six days. They have time to go sightseeing and try out the local cuisine. Judy, a keen photographer, enjoys capturing the colonial architecture of Old Havana. And while she is in the country, Ingels, 74, will have her first injections of Cimavax, a drug shown in Cuban trials to extend the lives of lung cancer patients by months, and sometimes years. By travelling to Havana from her home in California, she is breaking the law. The US embargo against Cuba has been in place for more than five decades, and though relations thawed under President Obama, seeking medical treatment in Cuba is still not allowed for US citizens. “I’m not worried,” Ingels says. “For the first time I have real hope.” She has stage four lung cancer and was diagnosed in December 2015. “My oncologist in the United States says I’m his best patient, but I have this deadly disease.” He does not know she is in Cuba. When she asked him about Cimavax, he had not heard of it. “But we’ve done a lot of research - I’ve read good things,” Ingels says. Since January, Cimavax has been tested on patients in Buffalo, New York state, but it isn’t yet available in the US. Ingels, her husband Bill and daughter Cindy are staying at the La Pradera International Health Centre, west of Havana. It treats mostly foreign, paying patients like Ingels, and with its pool complex,

palm trees and open walkways, La Pradera feels more like a tropical hotel than a hospital. This trip from their home in California, together with a supply of Cimavax to take back to the US, will cost the Ingels family more than $15,000 (£12,000). Cimavax fights cancer by stimulating an immune response against a protein in the blood that triggers the growth of lung cancer. After an induction period, patients receive a monthly dose by injection. It’s a product of Cuba’s biotechnology industry, nurtured by former President Fidel Castro since the early 1980s. Ironically, Cuba’s biotech innovations can partly be explained by the US embargo - something Castro continually railed against. It meant Cuba had to produce the drugs it could not access or afford. And medications like Cimavax - low-tech products that could be administered in a rural setting - were developed to fit the Cuban context. Now the industry employs around 22,000 scientists, technicians and engineers, and sells drugs in many parts of the world - but not in the US. And although the Cubans will not reveal the cost of producing Cimavax, it is cheaper than other

treatments. For Cuba’s residents, all health care is free. One beneficiary is Lucrecia de Jesus Rubillo, 65, who lives on the fifth floor of a block of flats in the east of Havana Last September she was given two or three months to live. What began as pain in Lucrecia’s leg, was diagnosed as stage-four lung cancer that had spread. She had chemotherapy. “That was really very hard,” she says. “It gave me nausea, and it hurt. But my kids asked me to fight, so I did.” After radiotherapy, Lucrecia began Cimavax injections. Now she is strong enough to walk up the five flights of stairs to her home, and her persistent cough has diminished. She feels better, more hopeful, and is thinking about what to do next. “Perhaps I’ll go to Spain to visit my kid,” she says. “I feel happy, and I’m still dreaming of the future, but I also feel sadness. I’ve had a lot of friends who’ve died of cancer, and they never had the chance I’m having with these injections. I feel privileged.” Her doctor is Elia Neninger, an oncologist at the Hermanos Ameijeiras Hospital in Havana. Neninger is one of the principal clinicians to trial Cimavax on patients since the 1990s. “Lucrecia arrived

The Link Between Alcohol and Breast Cancer Is Stronger The scientific link between alcohol and breast cancer is strong, but most of the research backing it has been done in white women, not diverse groups of women. Now, in a new analysis published in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, scientists find

the same risk among black women. They studied more than 22,000 women in the African-American Breast Cancer Epidemiology and Risk Consortium, in which the women answered questionnaires about their alcohol habits. Their answers were correlated

with records of breast cancer diagnoses. Women who reported drinking more than seven drinks a week had a higher risk of breast cancer of nearly all types compared to women who drank less. Women who drank 14 or more alcohol beverages

incapacitated by her disease in a wheelchair,” Neninger remembers. “Now the tumour on her lung has disappeared, and the lesions on her liver aren’t there either. With Cimavax, she’s in a maintenance phase.” In Cuba, specialists like Neninger do not talk about curing cancer - they talk about controlling it and transforming it into a chronic disease. She has treated hundreds of patients with Cimavax. “I never thought I’d work on something that would improve the lives of so many people,” she says. “I have stage-four lung cancer patients who are still alive 10 years after their diagnosis.” But mostly Cimavax is proven to extend life for months, not years. And it does not help everyone. In trials, around 20% of patients haven’t responded, Neninger says, often because the disease is very advanced, or they have associated illnesses that make treatment more difficult. Nonetheless, Dr Kelvin Lee is impressed. He is the Chair of Immunology at the Roswell Park Cancer Institute in Buffalo, New York, where the American trials of Cimavax are taking place. It is the first time a Cuban medication has been trialled in the US, and required

weekly had a 33% higher chance of developing breast cancer than women who drank four or fewer beverages a week. The findings strengthen what’s already known about alcohol as a risk factor for breast cancer. Researchers believe alcohol can boost estrogen levels, which then feed certain types of breast cancer

special permission because the embargo prohibits most collaboration and trade. Cancer immunotherapy is getting more expensive in the US, Lee says. A cheap vaccine that can be administered at primary care level is very attractive. And he thinks it is possible that Cimavax could be used to prevent lung cancer, too. “If we could vaccinate the high-risk smokers to prevent them from developing lung cancer, that would have an enormous public health impact both in the United States and worldwide.” This has not been proven, however, and the initial US trials of Cimavax only began in January. There is political uncertainty, too. On the campaign trail before his election, President Trump said he would reverse the thaw with Cuba that began under the Obama administration, unless there was change on the island, which is governed as a one-party state. ”Our demands will include religious and political freedom for the Cuban people, and the freeing of political prisoners,” Trump said on the campaign trail in Miami. So far, Cuba has not made it to the top of his in-tray. There is a large constituency of Americans who believe that Cuba

does not deserve the kind of recognition and status the association with the Roswell Park Cancer Institute brings. But Lee thinks political arguments against USCuba collaboration are misplaced. “The gas we put in our cars, the iPhones we tweet from, the shoes we buy our kids - all come from countries that the United States has fundamental differences with regarding women’s rights, freedom of speech, personal liberties. Yet that has never stopped us from working with them in areas that benefit the people in both countries.” For now Bill Ingels, Judy’s husband, isn’t worried about falling foul of US authorities. “I told them I was coming for educational purposes,” he says. “And I am learning about cancer and medication! I’m basically a very honest person, but if I have to, I will lie.” Ingels will not know if the vaccine has made a difference until she has a scan in three months. “We feel pretty positive, and we thought this would be a great experience and journey for my family to take together. It’s the first time I’ve felt up since I was diagnosed.” Cindy Ingels, Judy’s daughter, is a nurse she will administer the Cimavax shots to her mother back home in California. “Even if she remains stable - that it maintains the tumour size, and it doesn’t worsen - we’d be happy with that,” she says. “If the tumour decreases from what it is now, that would really be a miracle.” BBC News.


SALUD

The Sun of Ohio | May 5/19, 2017

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No sabían por qué nacían niños rubios de piel oscura en una isla La evolución ha jugado un papel muy importante en nuestro aspecto fisiológico. Sabemos que los ojos de color claro son una mutación, pero aún después de miles de años siguen apareciendo cosas que nos asombran. Los habitantes de las Islas Salomón son de piel oscura. Sin embargo, en los últimos años han nacido niños de piel oscura, pero con cabello rubio. Científicos de Estados Unidos e Inglaterra decidieron investigar este extraño hecho y para ello viajaron a las islas, donde tomaron muestras de ADN. En un mes recolectaron alrededor de 1000 muestras para analizar el genoma y publicaron los resultados en la revista Science. Al parecer hay un gen responsable de esta nueva mutación y es en el único lugar del mundo donde se da. Muchos cromosomas presentan una enzima que afecta la pigmentación y los científicos han bautizado al gen como TYRP1. Esta combinación de color de piel y cabello es la mutación más reciente de la raza y se considera que proviene de Oceanía.

Baja estatura y talla revelan problemas de salud en niños

Déficit de atención, el trastorno más frecuente en niños El Sol de Ohio

Reporte Especial

El Sol de Ohio

Reporte Especial

La talla y estatura bajas en los niños pueden ser un signo de alerta para valorar su salud, ya que son indicativos de desnutrición, anemia y afecciones renales o cardiacas. También pueden deberse a padecimientos gastrointestinales, respiratorios, hormonales y de depresión o ansiedad, entre otros, advirtió la especialista del Departamento de Endocrinología del Hospital Infantil de México “Federico Gómez”, Patricia Medina Bravo. En entrevista con Notimex, la doctora expuso que la etapa de la niñez es clave para detectar esas enfermedades a través de la somatometría (medición de peso, talla, altura e índice de masa corporal, entre otros). Dichos datos deben ser comparados con una serie de medidas estandarizadas con base en la edad del menor, y si por algún motivo no coinciden, es necesario encontrar la

razón. Señaló que en 70 por ciento de las personas la estatura está relacionada con factores genéticos, pero no por ello “el niño deber ser necesariamente bajito por tener padres de baja estatura”. Se requiere hacer la medición correspondiente mínimo cada seis meses a partir del nacimiento del menor de edad a fin de, con ello, identificar posibles problemas en la velocidad del crecimiento, subrayó. Medina Bravo refirió que la desnutrición es la complicación más común entre los infantes y a nivel mundial por presentar medidas por debajo de los cálculos establecidos por la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS). Datos de la última Encuesta Nacional de Salud revelan que 13.6 por ciento de la población de entre cero y seis años de edad muestra bajo peso, con una mayor incidencia en la región sureste del país. Otros riesgos frecuentes son alteraciones en la glándula de tiroides y de la hormona del crecimiento, comentó la endocrinóloga,

al referir que uno de cada dos mil 500 recién nacidos sufren hipotiroidismo congénito. De ahí la importancia de tener una vigilancia en el desarrollo de los niños para detectar de manera temprana los riesgos o complicaciones metabólicas y de crecimiento, insistió. Por ello, recomendó realizar un control mensual durante los primeros 12 meses de vida y el siguiente año debe hacerse cada tres meses. La revisión es semestral después de los dos años de edad y hasta la adolescencia. En el caso de las adolescentes, indicó Medina Bravo, las pruebas de medición se extiende dos años después de su primera menstruación. La especialista añadió que los menores con mediciones por arriba de las establecidas pueden tener problemas de sobrepeso u obesidad, por lo que es indispensable someterlos a una revisión médica

Jacqueline aún recuerda aquellas ocasiones que olvidaba entregar la tarea o el examen a los profesores. Estas situaciones afectaron sus calificaciones y desempeño dentro del aula de clases, sobre todo cuando no eran aceptadas sus justificaciones. Sentada en el jardín del Departamento de Psiquiatría y Salud Mental, perteneciente a la Facultad de Medicina de la UNAM, cuenta tímida que los peores momentos eran cuando sabía que había hecho los trabajos o el lunch, pero andaba tan distraída que muchas veces no recordaba dónde se quedaron. “Una vez olvidé entregar el examen y, cuando lo descubrí, estaba tirado en el piso. Después no me lo quisieron recibir”, expone la adolescente, quien hoy en día cursa el segundo año de secundaria. La “inatención” es un síntoma del Trastorno por Déficit de Atención e

Hiperactividad (TDAH), indica la psiquiatra de esa casa de estudios, Jacqueline Cortés Morelos, al señalar que ese signo lleva a los pacientes a ser muy distraídos y olvidadizos. Esto hace que sean desorganizados y pierdan la concentración, objetos, trabajos, tareas e incluso las llaves de la casa o del carro, cuando son mayores de edad, los lentes o el celular con facilidad, comenta a Notimex. La “hiperactividad” es otro síntoma que suele manifestarse cuando los menores hablan en exceso, no logran permanecer sentados mucho tiempo ni miden el peligro de sus juegos, apunta. “Son chicos que demandan gastos muy altos por la compra de férulas, materiales de curación y consultas, debido a los accidentes que llegan a sufrir”, expone la también vicepresidenta de la Asociación Psiquiátrica Mexicana (APM). Acota que el trastorno del neurodesarrollo se caracteriza además por la “impulsividad”, pues los niños contestan sin pensar, antes de tiempo

o lo hacen por otros, les molesta esperar su turno o hacer filas e interrumpen conversaciones y son desorganizados. Esta es la triada sintomatológica del TDAH, uno de los problemas de salud mental más frecuentes en la población pediátrica que, a diferencia del comportamiento común a edades tempranas, deteriora el funcionamiento familiar, académico, social o laboral. Y es que 50 por ciento de los casos persiste en la edad adulta y, a diferencia de los trastornos psiquiátricos, sus manifestaciones se modifican a lo largo de la vida. Cortés Morales apunta que el diagnóstico es más común a partir de los siete años de edad, justo cuando ya han dado algunos pasos en la enseñanza básica. Lo mismo ocurrió con Jacqueline. “Desde muy pequeña lo tenía porque recuerdo que era muy inquieta”, dice la joven.


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El Sol de Ohio | Mayo 5/19, 2017


LIFESTYLE

The Sun of Ohio | May 5/19, 2017

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¡VUELVE SHEN YUN! Regresa la Magia a Ohio!! Vive la magia de Shen Yun 2017 en todo su esplendor, para más información ve a nuestra página: www. shenyun.com. Shen Yun se dedica a revivir 5,000 años de una civilización inspirada en lo divino, llevando al escenario un profundo espíritu místico por medio de una maestría artística incomparable. Cada nota musical y cada movimiento en escena se convierten en una experiencia visual imponente y llena de emoción, que difícilmente encontraremos en otros espectáculos. Desde 2007, más de 5 millones de personas en 30 países de 4 continentes han ovacionado a Shen Yun. En 2016, batió su propio record de asistencia y cautivó a las audiencias del sur de California. Cada año se crea

una nueva producción y en este 2017, cinco compañías de danza de Shen Yun y cinco orquestas viajarán por el mundo para ofrecer 500 nuevas presentaciones, acercando así la belleza de este inigualable espectáculo a millones de fans de Shen Yun. Basado en la tradición de las artes marciales de origen milenario, el danza clásico chino es una de las más rigurosas y expresivas formas de arte en el mundo. La orquesta de Shen Yun combina el espíritu, belleza y distinción de la música china con la precisión, el poder y la grandeza de la orquesta sinfónica occidental. Una mezcla que nos adentra a una tierra divina, llena de sabiduría ancestral y belleza eterna. Una cultura perdida regresa y toma vida cuando Shen Yun se apodera del

escenario. Shen Yun es un viaje a otro mundo con exquisitos vestuarios y deslumbrante pantalla de fondo animado. Ven a celebrar el decimoprimer aniversario de Shen Yun, y a compartir la belleza de la cultura china. Comprueba por qué Shen Yun deja a millones con la boca abierta, y por qué todos regresan cada año, con cada nueva producción. DETALLES DE EVENTOS SHEN YUN 2017 Presentado por Shen Yun Performing Arts. Boletos ya a la venta desde $70 - $200. Disponibles llamando al: 800-880-0188, o en taquilla de cada localidad. Más información en: www.shenyun.com

Teen graduating from college before getting high school diploma

El Sol de Ohio Special Report Eighteen-year-old Raven Osborne is about to get her college degree. “I graduate from college on May 5,” she told CBS News’ Jericka Duncan. But when does she graduate from high school? May 22. Yes, it’s true; Raven gets her college degree two weeks before her high school diploma. “When people hear that … they’re going, ‘What? How did she do that?’” Duncan said. “Yeah they think I’m lying,” Raven said. She did it through online classes, year-round community college and two years at Purdue University

Northwest. Her semesterlong college courses counted as a full year of high school credit. “Sophomore, that was the most work. I had five high school classes, four college classes,” she said. Raven attends the 21st Century Charter High School in Gary, Indiana. The school is surrounded by dilapidated buildings, a common sight throughout the city. Everyone here is required to take college classes on a college campus in order to graduate. Some get just a few credits. Five of this year’s 43 graduates earned associate’s degrees. And then there’s Raven. Kevin Teasley started

the foundation that runs the school. He uses state funding for tuition and transportation to nearby college campuses. “The one line item I want to see go up every single year is how much I’m spending on college,” Teasley said. “When I started it was $10,000. Last year it was $85,000.” And how much did Raven pay for college? “Absolutely nothing,” she said. “Not a dime.” This fall, Raven will be back at 21st Century Charter. Instead of paying for college, the school will be paying her salary, $38,000 a year to teach. Credit: CBS news.

Costa Rica recupera 162 piezas precolombinas de un contrabandista El Sol de Ohio

Reporte Especial

Las autoridades de Costa Rica lograron un golpe contra el contrabando de piezas precolombinas este viernes: recuperaron 162 elementos arqueológicos que estaban en poder de un hombre que pretendía comercializarlos, como lo reportó el Organismo de Investigación Judicial en su perfil de Facebook. Según la entidad, una serie de investigaciones, vigilancias y seguimientos permitieron el decomiso de las piezas precolombinas que se encontraban en la casa del sospechoso, un

hombre de 50 años, ubicada en el barrio El Guayabal del cantón Santa Cruz, en la provincia de Guanacaste. Las pesquisas establecieron que “el sospechoso tenía un lote de piezas precolombinas en su casa y pretendía comercializarlas”. Además, tras la valoración de los expertos se logró determinar que los elementos son auténticos y que el detenido “pedía un aproximado de 3.500.000 de colones”, es decir unos 6.200 dólares. “El sospechoso, quien era comerciante y tenía un supermercado fue presentado con un informe al Ministerio Público para determinar su situación jurídica”,

añadió el Organismo de Investigación Judicial. El órgano reveló que está señalado de infringir la Ley de Patrimonio Histórico Arquitectónico. El mismo viernes, la Fiscalía Ambiental de Costa Rica consiguió la detención del hombre, como lo informó el Ministerio Público en su cuenta de Twitter. El Organismo de Investigación Judicial insistió en que las indagaciones sobre el caso continúan, pues no se descarta la participación del sospechoso en otros hechos similares.


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