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ISSN 2516-1431

Your Independent Community Magazine Penrith and areas of the Eden Valley

Eden 107

THE

A Summer Flutter Special The Latest from The Lakes Medical Practice Razzmatazz Returns to Penrith ONS Stats and Facts for August Masks on or off what you need to know

GOOD

ESTATE AGENT PENRITH

Eden107.5 01768 631488 07533 291439

MAKING MOVING BETTER - see back page 1 Cumbrian Local Publications • Issue No. 160


The team look forward to welcoming you back

Open: Wednesday - Sunday The Old Station, Plumpton, Nr Penrith CA11 9PA 01768 894528 35 Wildman St, Kendal LA9 6EN 01539 729174 www.cumbriaoak.co.uk 2


Contents Contents & Introduction

Pages 3 - 6

The Benefits of Equity Release

Page

New Systems at The Lakes Medical Practice

Pages 8 - 9

Councils Combined to Support the Community

Pages 10 - 11

Beacon Home Care

Page

Employment Law Changes – Is your business up to date?

Pages 12 - 13

In and Around Penrith Wordsearch

Page

14

Introducing Garolla Roller Shutter Doors

Page

15

A Summer Flutter Special

Pages 16 - 17

Cumbria Butterfly Conservation

Pages 18 - 19

A Strange Encounter

Page

The Stats and Facts with from the ONS for August

Pages 22 & 24

Razzmatazz Returns to Penrith

Page

Important Government Information on Face Coverings

Pages 26 - 30

Covid-19 Test Details

Page

Follow us on Facebook for additional stories and

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updates

Eden FM Notice: Eden Local prints various articles, features, and advertisements. Although these appear in Eden FM, any opinions expressed are the opinion of the author, these are not necessarily the opinion of the publisher. ©Copyright Eden Local 2020. The contents of this publication are written specifically for our readers, no part may be reproduced elsewhere without express and prior permission.

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Welcome to our 160th Issue Low Water, which now create the Haweswater reservoir. There is an interesting article, “How Victorian water engineers put Manchester on the tap”, which gives a good summary of the engineering behind Manchester’s water. The aqueduct carries 570 million litres a day.

It is that time again when I’m sitting at my computer, in what is almost the smallest room in the house, with possibly the best views. A constant distraction, but one I have now lived with for over ten years as I watch the sun disappear on another beautiful day. It was around this time in that year that I made the decision to work on what would be the first Cumbrian Local publication, Issue No 1.

The 56-mile underground Haweswater Aqueduct to Manchester is another feat of engineering, drawing water from the reservoir which opened in 1935. But, did you know, with six tunnels of 2.6 metre diameter, 31 miles of the aqueduct are big enough to walk / drive down. The remaining 32 miles are made up of four buried pipes between 1.2 metre and 1.4 metre diameter. The weight of the water over the 550 metre drop from Haweswater Reservoir sucks the water over a number of uphill sections—the whole system essentially acts as a massive siphon (ref https://hidden-manchester.org.uk/waterways/ haweswater-aqueduct). The people that work on the tunnel are called ‘Aaquanauts’. I end this slight digression in my opening introduction with a question. With this natural system, how much natural energy, potentially hydro energy could be taken from what I think is about 125,382,471.53 gallons?

We were experiencing a warm summer back then in 2010, particularly May and June. The water sprinklers were on, but it would seem for too long. A hosepipe ban was put in place on July 9th 2010 after the driest December to June for more than 70 years. In the local and national news, the ruins and remains of the village referred to as Mardale, emerged as the water level dropped. I digress for a moment, to share a little research. Once a thriving village in the Mardale Valley prior to the area becoming a reservoir through an Act of Parliament, before the construction of the dam started in 1929, there were actually two villages - Measand and Mardale Green and the water was two small natural lakes called High Water and

Back to 2010, and it was during that time I was out at meetings that included the owners, editors and chief executives involved in local papers, and key personnel in local radio, presenting the idea of Eden FM Community Radio. I attended my first

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Meanwhile, on more current affairs, this 160th Cumbrian Local Publication - Eden Local magazine, started last month by posting over 10,000 magazines through all accessible doors in Penrith and 20 villages, and this issue increases its distribution to a further 20 villages. In times like these, so many businesses still support us, as we strive to go past where we were Pre COVID-19 when we covered Penrith and the 52 villages via our delivery teams. Through continued support, our pricing and the new support that is growing, like the number of doors we post to every month, we’ve set our sights on 60 villages in the future.

Penrith Chamber of Trade meeting that summer. Eden FM Radio was registered as a not for profit limited company in July, but in order to get the station launched, it had to be communicated as a project. Unfortunately offers were declined by local press, and to quote from local radio at the time, “the last thing we want is another radio station”. I was given no choice, and it’s the 10th anniversary of me making a decision of no radio, or I do something about it! I then approached local businesses about a Community Communication tool to drive the radio project forward, called Eden Local. Once this was announced, I was then offered a deal by the Cumbrian based newspaper group at that time of producing a magazine, as an editor for them for a magazine call Penrith Local. It was in the September the final decision was made. After several meetings, I began work on the First Cumbrian Local publication - Eden Local, promoting a new project call Eden FM.

Building on our achievements in our trials covering 26,000 doors in the Eden Valley and 22,000 in Carlisle back in 2012, we see there is still a need for local businesses, charities and other voluntary organisations to be seen every month in the community they serve. It’s taken us 10 years of trials and challenges, which has included four community magazines launching in the Eden Valley, which somehow didn’t get it right. I 5


we didn’t wouldn’t be seen.

think we must be doing some very right, and now it’s time to be positive on those achievements. Surplus Eden Locals this month will be dropped to businesses in Carlisle, Appleby and Kirkby Stephen.

At £29, what does that work out at per door? A lot of businesses have in the past experienced printing 10,000 A5 leaflets for just less than or around £80 - £100. What I have been explaining to a lot of organisations recently is that whilst the product we produce is free, we still have to find the funds to print the equivalent of 32 A5 pages multiplied by over 10,000. Unlike a local paper, we do not sell our publication but we continue to rely on doors, which in the areas we deliver to means we increase our distribution every month to the new developments we have in the Eden Valley.

Based on a lot of feedback from last month, I would like to thank everyone for the kind words based on my personal insight to my Nan and the Lockdown experience I shared. I’ll share with you now that I finally got to pop in to see Nan and I date checked everything in the fridge! After not knowing what shopping she really needed each week since 21st March, we had to guess, based on what we normally bought weekly or every other week. Nan was relieved to see me, but also pleased and relieved that I didn’t add to the five jars of coffee, nine packets of biscuits, five packs of sweets and three tubs of marg, plus a free few extras on top of other things! I’m pleased to say that Nan was still in date! Things are all looking good at Londsdale Court and I can’t thank the staff there enough for all they have done and continue to do.

Unlike local papers for sale in a newsagents or magazines using collection points for distribution, we deliver door to door with local people in the areas we cover. We also design for free and the artwork once released is the customers to use where they choose. This month as a priority we have changed our layout as we see in the best interest of the community, therefore, pages 26 to 31 we chose to fund ourselves as information from the British Government is a luxury that they believe is available to all on their website. We believe it should be made available to all who would not have this information and may not have it via social media.

Now, through Nan we have another article! Well, it’s an experienced shared on pages 8 – 9. Thank you to Samantha Gargett, Business & Operational Lead and Dr Rachel Preston, GP Partner of The North Lakes Practice in Penrith for their contribution this month and guidance in some changes that have been made at the Practice. After the Buzz of the Bee article, we received a lot of positive messages. We do have a Bee on the cover this month and I spoke to Chris Winnick the Chairman of the Cumbria Butterfly Conservation Group, from the feedback on our buddleia Butterfly cover. Chris and his team are a part of the British Butterfly Conservation charity devoted to saving butterflies, moths and their habitats throughout the UK. So, on that note, we’ve had a flutter with some colour across four pages from 16 – 19.

I’ll be out with teams very soon and posting this Eden Local. I might see you then. Until next month! Lee

Phone: 01768 862394 Email: lee@cumbrianlocal.co.uk www.cumbrianlocal.co.uk

As a free magazine, businesses can be posted through up to 11,000 doors this month for just £29 per month with business box. As a not for profit magazine, we can only allocate so many pages for charities and voluntary groups and we are forced to choose these with important news and press releases that should be in the community, which if

Cumbrian Local Publications Ltd 4 Market Square, Penrith Cumbria CA11 9AX

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‘Settling into the new system’ at the Lakes Medical Practice Just days away from printing, I had to make a call with regards to a prescription - yes of course for my nan. Well, during COVID-19 and continuing now, the Practice has made some important changes. I shared my experience with one of the GPs, and based on that experience, literally over the weekend I was in communication with Samantha Gargett – Business and Operational Lead (Practice Management Team), who very kindly has written the following for Eden Local. Thank you to Samantha and Dr Rachel Preston - GP Partner for your insight and contribution on behalf of The Lakes Medical Practice, Penrith. The Lakes Medical Practice Bridge Lane Penrith Cumbria, CA11 8HW The practice operates a telephone-based triage system for all doctor appointments in order to ensure patients who need to be assessed and seen on the day can be. Patients who request an appointment relating to new symptoms speak with a doctor or nurse first in order to ensure they are booked in appropriately. Phone lines are open at 8am or

alternatively patients can use our online booking system. 8am-12.30 – Patients can phone and request a same day (before 6.30pm) call back. Patients will then have either a telephone or video consultation, where appropriate a face to face consultation or be booked in for tests on the same day, or as soon as possible. 12.30-1 The practice is closed for staff training and meetings, although healthcare professionals and patients with an urgent need that cannot wait until 1pm can access our emergency line via our usual number. 1-6.30 – We can’t deal with an open ended number of

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calls each day, therefore we limit the number of afternoon appointments to ensure patients with the greatest need are dealt with on the same day. Afternoon call back appointments are reserved for healthcare professionals who require an urgent call back about a patient, patients who have a sudden onset illness with severe symptoms, palliative care patients (end of life), patients with long term conditions such as COPD or asthma with a flare up, elderly patients and children with urgent symptoms that cannot wait for a routine call back slot the following day. This system is very much reliant on patients contacting the practice appropriately during the afternoon so that those with urgent symptoms are not kept


waiting too long. Patients who feel they have life threatening symptoms should phone 999. Registered patients are also able to access many services online. Our website has various links that patients can use to access online services direct from the homepage: Book an appointment – This link takes you through to the Patient Access page. Here patients who have registered for the service can access their account. Once logged in, patients can Book GP telephone appointments, access their medical records (extra checks are required) and order repeat prescriptions. New Patient Registration – The practice is accepting new patients who can register by clicking the link and following the guidance shown on the page Consult with your doctor online – This link will open up as a separate page, which is the practice E Consultation system. Patients do not need to complete a registration process to access this service. This allows patients to submit their symptoms or requests to the practice electronically

and offers around the clock NHS self-help information, signposting to services, and a symptom checker. E consultation reports are sent securely to the practice and reviewed by practice staff as appropriate. Patients can also request fit notes or administrative based information. Patients can sign up for online access via a number of systems such as patient access www. patientaccess.com or NHS App www.nhs.uk/using-the-nhs/ nhs-services/the-nhs-app/ The benefits of using GP online services: • No more waiting around on the phone – book an appointment online • Order repeat prescriptions – see what needs ordering and order only what you need online • No more waiting for the surgery to open – log on 24 hours a day, seven days a week • Patients who have full medical records access can also securely share their information with other

healthcare professionals, without the need to contact the practice Ultimately the more informed and involved you are in your own care, the better your health and wellbeing. As a practice we are aware that not all of our patients want to contact us using our online services, which is why our telephone system is still available. Our patient support team are trained to take appropriate details to ensure patients are signposted to the most appropriate healthcare professional or service. Dr Rachel Preston - GP Partner had this to add “We find that we are able to deal with a significant number of people’s health concerns without needing to bring them in to the surgery, which in the current pandemic reduces the risk for everyone. The e-consultations are a great way for us to get good quality information about someone’s current problems and make an assessment using their past medical problems to find the best way to help. We are all getting used to doing things differently and learning and improving our services and always welcome feedback” If you have any questions here are Samantha’s details Contact: Samantha Gargett – Business & Operational Lead (Practice Management Team) E-mail: Samantha.gargett1@nhs.net

This article is funded by Eden FM Community Radio 9


ai15965350786_PTCSticker.pdf 1 04/08/2020 10:57:58

Penrith Town Council would like to thank you all for the incredible way the community of Penrith have responded to the Covid-19 crisis, supported each other, and adapted to new ways of working, socialising, shopping, trading, and living. The Council, together with Eden District Council and Cumbria County Council, and our partners have been working continually throughout the pandemic to address the challenges and to support our community’s resilience. Our amazing volunteer groups and charities have gone above and beyond. It has been impressive to witness and we are lucky to have the support of so many voluntary groups and organisations in Penrith. The Town Council would like to say a special thank you to Fell Runner Community Transport who supported have Town Council officers since April to provide a 7 days a week emergency service for people who were shielding. This service stood down on 1 August when the government paused shielding but can be relaunched if required. We would like to acknowledge and thank all of the businesses and services who have continued to work throughout the last few months.

We can expect to see more visitors over the next few weeks. This is of course welcome, but it will also bring new challenges. We are confident that people will be able to safely visit our town and, in turn, support our economy. Proprietors and staff have worked hard to put safety measures in place for you to enable you to shop safely and locally. The Town Council is working with stakeholders to assist and promote the re-opening of the town and are supporting a range of measures across the Town to allow for social distancing. Visitors to Penrith are encouraged to cycle, walk, or if arriving by car, visitors are signposted to park in the nearest available car park. We are pleased that the District Council continue to provide free car parking to support our “Shop Local” campaign which will help bring shoppers back into Penrith. The most important thing is we work together to keep ourselves and each other safe. We will continue to work with businesses and stakeholders to review and adapt measures as appropriate. You can use our new QR Code to access an up to date list of all the businesses that are open in the town centre, their opening hours, contact details and their Covid restrictions: 10

Please scan below for Penrith Shop and Business lis�ngs.

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M

Y

CM

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CMY

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Respect Social Distancing

To use this code, open the QR Code reader on your phone. Hold your device over the QR Code so that it’s clearly visible within your smartphone’s screen. Your phone should automatically scan the code. In some readers, you have to press a button to snap a picture, not unlike the button on your smartphone camera. If necessary, press the camera button and you will then be able to view all the information provided by our local businsses. Whilst we were disappointed that that Cumbria in Bloom and Britain in Bloom Competitions were cancelled this year, we must thank Penrith Community Gardeners and Penrith’s gardeners and businesses for greening Penrith this summer. A special acknowledgement to Penrith Community Gardeners who designed an planted the memorial bed outside of the


Beacon Homecare provides home care in Penrith and the Eden Valley area. It was established in November 2002, is based in Penrith and is a family run business. Beacon Homecare Services has grown over the years in both size and reputation. Our company aim is to support our service users and help them maintain independence, dignity and self-worth whilst living in their own homes. Beacon Homecare Services is registered with the Care Quality Commission and a member of the UKHCA. The business is also committed to a high level of training for our support workers who are all Police DBS checked. Our services are provided to adult who, due to illness, infirmity or disability, require the provision of care or assistance in their own homes. The services we provide include: • Personal Care • Feeding and assistance with meals • Assistance with getting up in the morning • Assistance with going to bed • Managing medication • Personal Hygiene • Bathing and Showering • Shopping • House cleaning • Palliative Care

Royal British Legion in Middlegate to remember all those in Eden who have died as a result of Covid-19. The business of the Town Council has continued whilst staff work remotely and meetings are held virtually. In July, the Council Chair accepted the resignation of Cllr. Bowen, Pategill Ward whose professional, diligent contributions will be sadly missed. A by-election has been called for Pategill Ward and the election for this vacancy will take place in May 2021. We are delighted to be able to inform you that the most recent play area improvements at Fairhill will be completed in August along with new pathways to improve accessibility to the site. In these uncertain times, we know that the Council can make a difference through our grants process and in the autumn, we will be launching a series of new grants schemes. Any properly constituted community group, club or organisation based in Penrith and/or operating for the benefit of its residents can apply. Please contact us if you would like to know more about grants.

Stay in your home and let our family care for your family.

Wherever possible we will strive to be available to answer your queries. If you would like to speak to us in person you can arrange an appointment. You can email us: office@penrithtowncuncil.co.uk and call on 01768 899773

Beacon Home Care Holmeleigh, William Street, Penrith CA11 7UP 01768 840086 caremanager@beaconhomecare.co.uk beaconhomecare.co.uk 11


Q

HR

Employment Law Changes – Is your business up to date? Earlier this year in February, I shared some information about changes and updates that were expected to take effect from April. Not all of them took effect, so I thought it might be useful to clarify what did so that employers and employees can make sure the right things are in place. In these challenging times, it is understandable that certain business matters get sidelined, to be dealt with at a later date, however, it’s also a good time to check you’ve got the right things in place – and particularly important to make sure you are legally compliant. If you are an employer, don’t wait until something goes wrong before making the necessary changes. Act now! Think about how they affect your business and take the necessary steps. If you’re not sure what to do, please contact me and I’ll happily offer you some advice and guidance. If you’re an employee, familiarise yourself with what has changed and think about how it affects you. Approach your employer and discuss the changes with them if you have any queries or concerns.

So, what was implemented? Written Statement of Terms of Employment With effect from 6th April 2020, employees were entitled to receive a written statement detailing the key terms of their employment from the day they start. This is a significant change from the previous entitlement to receive a statement within 2 months of starting employment (if you were employed for longer than a month). In addition to the usual information, from April employers also needed to ensure they included the following in the Statement: • details of how long the job is expected to last, or the end date of a fixed-term contract • details of the notice both parties are required to provide to terminate the agreement • details of all remuneration, including things like health insurance • details of normal working hours, including normal days of work and whether hours and/or days may be variable • details of sick leave and pay • details of other types of paid leave, like maternity and paternity leave • details of any probationary period • details of any training entitlement provided by the employer, including the training the employer requires the employee/worker to complete and the employer will fund, and the training the employer requires the employee/worker to complete, but which must be funded by the employee/worker 12


Agency Workers

NLW and NMW

With effect from 6th April 2020, all employers were required to provide agency workers with a document detailing specific information. The document must include:

The new, increased rates for National Living Wage and National Minimum wage also took effect from April 2020.

• details of the type of contract they have

And, what wasn’t implemented? IR35 and Off-Payroll Rules postponed

• details of the minimum rate of pay they can expect to receive • details of how they will be paid and by whom

With effect from 6th April 2020, the tax legislation relating to IR35 and Off-Payroll workers/contractors, was to be extended to the private sector. This means private sector employers will be responsible for working out the employment status of all those who work for them or provide a paid service or support to them, for tax purposes. This has now been postponed until 2021, so there is still plenty of time for employers to review current arrangements for off-payroll workers.

• details of any deductions that will be made from their pay • details of any non-monetary benefits they may be entitled to • details of any entitlement to annual leave they may have and the associated payment From 6th April 2020, agencies were also no longer allowed to opt out of equalising the pay of agency staff with the permanent workforce, when the worker had been with the same employer for more than 12 weeks, by paying agency workers between assignments.

I’m here to help – please contact me!

Calculating Holiday Pay

It can be really challenging and timeconsuming keeping up to date with employment matters.

With effect from 6th April 2020, the holiday reference period for working out a week’s pay changed from 12 to 52 weeks. This was to ensure that those who don’t work a regular shift pattern throughout the year, like seasonal workers, aren’t disadvantaged when calculating the value of holiday pay. This applies to all calculations of statutory holiday pay under the Working Time Regulations 1998.

If you need any help or advice on any of the matters raised in this article or with any other employment matter, I’d be delighted to hear from you. You can email me at charlotte@quinnhr.co.uk or call me on 01768 862394.

Termination Payments

Look forward to hearing from you!

With effect from 6th April 2020, any employer making a termination payment to an employee, was required to pay Class 1A employer National Insurance Contributions on any termination payment over £30,000.00. Make sure those responsible for payroll in your organisation are aware.

Stay safe and well Charlotte

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In & Around Penrith Wordsearch COMPILED AND SPONSORED BY QUINN HR

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Butterflies to look out for now By Chris Winnick Cumbria Butterfly Conservation

Comma (Polygonia c-album)

The Comma has widened its UK distribution remarkably in the last 20 years. It was first recorded in Cumbria in the early 1990s and has since spread quickly right through the county and on well into Scotland. It is another of the few species which overwinters as an adult butterfly so will emerge in the early spring. A habitat generalist, it is well suited to survival and expansion of range. Where to look and when: Although widespread, numbers are low and this remains a relatively uncommon butterfly outside the south Cumbria area. Early April to early Autumn with a lull late May until mid June to await the new emergence.

Green-veined White (Pieris napi)

This common butterfly prefers moist meadows and moist open woodland areas being favourites. In Cumbria therefore it has many such places to choose from. Best places are where its favoured egg laying, larval food plants are and these are Lady’s Smock, Garlic Mustard, Hedge Mustard and Water Cress. Where to look and when: Wet meadows, moist woodlands, hedgerows and wide roadside verges particularly those in north Cumbria. The marshy margins of many of our lakes can also hold large colonies. This is one of the first to emerge from pupation in early spring from mid-April right through until mid-September

Large White (Pieris brassicae)

There are two butterflies which are more commonly called ‘cabbage whites’ and as its name suggests the Large White is bigger than the Small White. The Large White is one of the most widely distributed butterflies in Cumbria. Although numbers fluctuate from year to year they should be seen easily and more particularly in late summer when their numbers are boosted by migrants from Europe. Where to look and when: Almost anywhere. Late April to late September but better in late summer

Meadow Brown (Maniola jurtina)

The Meadow Brown is one of the most widespread and common butterflies and is found almost anywhere where there is tall grassland. Where to look and when: Other than the mountainous centre of the county, the Meadow Brown can be found almost anywhere where grasses are present including, for example gardens, hedgerows and roadsides. Mid-June to mid-August. 16


Peacock I ( nachis io)

A very large colourful butterfly which is now very common throughout Cumbria. It is also now known to be one of the few species that hibernate over the winter in Cumbria. Where to look and when: Almost anywhere. Early April to very late summer and even into autumn with a lull in mid-June to mid-July before the new emergence starts.

Red Admiral (Vanessa Atalanta)

A large butterfly, which is the most common summer migrant from southern Europe. Annual numbers are highly variable. It does not generally survive the British winter. Where to look and when: This species can be seen almost anywhere in Cumbria including gardens, woodland, and scrub. In autumn, it is strongly attracted to rotten fruit. It nectars on thyme, clover and ivy. Early to mid-spring for over wintering adults and July to October, generally peaking in late September.

Small Tortoiseshell (Aglais urticae)

This is the most widely distributed species in Cumbria, although over the last decade or so many will have noticed that there are far fewer Small Tortoiseshells around than there used to be. It is a species which overwinters as an adult butterfly and will emerge on nice bright sunny days in early Spring. Numbers in the UK are boosted in late Summer by migrants from Europe and that is usually the reason for the increased numbers on our Buddleias at that time. Where to look and when: Any urban or rural habitat. They do not fly in colonies as most butterflies do but during late summer you will almost certainly see one if you have a Buddleia in the garden. If you have old outhouses with no heating and timber beams, have a look for some Small Tortoiseshells hibernating in winter. Spring emergence should be about late March or early April when mating takes place and eggs are laid on nettles. There is then a lull in the flight season until the new emergence occurs in mid-June and adults can be seen flying right up to the first frosts.

Small White (Pieris rapae)

A very common butterfly throughout Cumbria. The Small White is a smaller version of the Large White and also is widely called a ‘cabbage white’. As well as those that emerge in the UK from eggs laid earlier, numbers are also boosted by late summer migrants from Europe. Where to look and when: Almost anywhere. Mid April to late September 17


AN INTRODUCTION TO

Speckled Wood (Pararge aegeria)

Until relatively recently the Speckled Wood did not appear in Cumbria on distribution maps in butterfly books. It is believed to have been deliberately introduced into woodland near Witherslack in the mid 1980s but by whom and under what authority is unknown. It survived in very low numbers for a decade or more until the woodland owners greatly thinned out that woodland which was exactly the trigger it needed to breed and spread like wildfire. It is a species that prefers dappled/shaded woodland glades but it bred so successfully that it is now probably our most abundant woodland butterfly on both sides of the Morecambe Bay estuary. It is now also strong in the Furness area and has moved north both up the coast to Workington and via the eastern valleys beyond Penrith, into the villages around Carlisle and even in Finglandrigg Woods on the south Solway Plain. Where to look and when: In broadleaved or coniferous woodlands. It is common in the Morecambe Bay area but Arnside Knott, SD455774 or the wooded tracks of Whitbarrow are good places. In Cumbria the Speckled Wood can be seen almost continually from April to October but the best times are the end of April to June and then August to mid October or later in a good year.

Cumbria Butterfly Conservation

Butterflies are a beautiful and important part of the UK’s wildlife. They are highly sensitive indicators of the health of the environment and play crucial roles in the food chain as well as being pollinators of plants. The UK has 59 species of butterflies – 57 resident species of butterflies and two regular migrants – the Painted Lady and Clouded Yellow. Five species of butterfly have become extinct in the last 150 years. These are the Mazarine Blue, Large Tortoiseshell, Black-veined White, Large Copper and Large Blue. (Large Blue was successfully reintroduced in 1992) The State of the UK’s Butterflies 2015 report found that 76% of the UK’s resident and regular migrant butterflies declined in abundance, occurrence or both over the last four decades. Gardens can act as important stepping stones between nature reserves and other natural habitats by offering abundant supplies of nectar and food plants. Butterflies will visit any garden, however small if they can feed on suitable nectar plants and a well thought out garden can attract many species of butterfly. If you manage your patch to create breeding habitat you may see even more. Nectar provides butterflies and moths with energy to fly and find a mate. In spring, it helps butterflies refuel after winter hibernation or a gruelling journey to Britain from southern Europe or Africa. In autumn nectar helps butterflies and moths to build up their energy reserves so they have the best chance of surviving hibernation or the journey back to warmer climes. Another way to help butterflies is to allow them to breed in your garden - only with the right foodplants can they lay eggs of the next generation, and so the more we grow for them, the more butterflies there will be. Source of reference www.butterfly-conservation.org

Images courtesy of www.cumbria-butterflies.org.uk 18


Cumbrian Butterflies of 2020 off to a Great Start....... By Chris Winnick Chairman Cumbria Butterfly Conservation

Last year was the 8th best butterfly year since 1970 according to national data analysis. Almost all species did well and numbers were boosted by a summer of Painted ladies and Peacocks being seen in almost every garden. However should our glorious spring weather of 2020 persist then we are heading for what could be our best butterfly year ever! So far the more common and widespread species have got off to a great start with Peacock, Speckled Wood, Orange Tip and Green-veined White all showing up well. Equally the more localised ‘habitat specialists’ such as the Pearlbordered, Small Pearl-bordered and Marsh Fritillaries and the Small Blue and Northern Brown Argus have all emerged in good numbers as caterpillars, pupae and adults took advantage of the warmest and sunniest April and May on record. We all have our personal highlights but to see a good emergence of hibernating adults on those first days of spring weather is always re-assuring and this year good numbers of ‘Vanessid’ Peacocks, Small Tortoiseshells and Commas where accompanied by an excellent emergence of Brimstone. The caterpillars of Brimstone are totally reliant on Buckthorn as their only food source and as such are much less widespread north of Windermere. They are shaped and camouflaged to hibernate amongst foliage with most not only surviving winter but from emergence in July they can live as adults until the following May or June......making this butterfly our longest lived adult. The ‘sulphurous’ colour of the male also makes this species a delight to see as a harbinger of springtime. For those who have been able to exercise in ‘butterfly friendly’ areas during the corona virus ‘lockdown’ of April and May Green Hairstreaks did well in wilder more elevated Bilberry growing areas, Speckled Wood enjoyed the dappled

sunshine of woodland clearings and Holly Blue had one of their best years flitting around Holly bushes and hedgerows and venturing into gardens. [If you missed the Holly Blue look out for the second generation in July and August when it is often drawn to Ivy.] Less managed short turf grasslands supported good numbers of Dingy Skipper, Small Heath and Common Blue while our moss or raised mire habitats in north and south Cumbria hosted the rare Large Heath. Large Skippers are on the wing and before long Meadow Brown, Ringlet, Gatekeeper and other grass feeders will keep them company along wood, field and hedge margins and country lanes. They love bramble nectar! Finally our fritillary butterflies are national rarities and although the beautiful Small Pearl-bordered fritillary is widespread in Cumbria it is absent from much of the UK. Due to our wonderful diversity of habitat and the ongoing conservation work of CWT, BC and others we are fortunate in having 40 different species of butterfly to enjoy. After glorious spring weather the right summer could make this the best butterfly year ever! For more details go to Chairman Chris Winnick Tel: 01539 728254 Or you can email via  www.cumbria-butterflies.org.uk 19


HIDDEN IN THE STORY ARE 16 ‘SPACE’ RELATED WORDS…CAN YOU FIND THEM ALL?

A STRANGE ENCOUNTER

It was Sunday and all was quiet in the science lab of the grammar school. Come to think of it that’s not too unusual as it was the weekend and the fact it was also the summer holidays. The slightly eccentric science teacher Mr N. Eptune had gone into school to check that he had turned off the Bunsen burners and emptied the fish tanks. He loved to hear the greatest hits of Michael Jackson while he worked so he moonwalked into the lab with the music in his ears...it was loud enough to blast off his eardrums! He had his pet dog Pluto with him…it was the holidays so no one would mind! The lab seemed fine; everything was switched off and the fish tank was empty. The dog started sniffing the air and staring across the room. Mr Eptune took out his earphones and followed the dogs gaze but the lab was empty apart from them and a slightly rickety medical skeleton which was even used in school Halloween productions from time to time. ‘Don’t you get any ideas’ said Mr Eptune to his pet ‘They’re pretend bones; you can’t chew or bite off any bits to bury’

It was then that Mr Eptune heard the noise…a strange ticking and a humming sound…they both looked in amazement as the skeleton began to move and transform before their eyes.

before disappearing forever.

The mercury in the thermometer on the lab wall began to quickly rise and the alien being began to slowly creep towards them. Mr Eptune looked at his dog: the dog looked at Mr Eptune. ‘How fast are you?’ he yelled. ‘We need to run...now!!’

Mr E and his faithful (if not very brave pet) would recount down the years the day they had a close encounter with a random alien

Mr E and Pluto burst out of the lab, through the corridors and out into the yard and breathlessly they watched in awe as the school buildings began to shake and transform into an alien craft which was so large that the top of it was hidden by the clouds. In a flash of light it rocketed into the skies

AERO TIMEOUT BOUNTY TWIX TEASER LION MUNCHIES CHOMP PICNIC ROLO CARAMEL

20

‘Your an useless guard dog! That was a close shave for us both!’ laughed Mr Eptune as he ruffled his pet’s ears affectionately!

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OFFICE FOR NATIONAL STATISTICS AUGUST 2020 RELEASE

Coronavirus (COVID-19) roundup Catch up on the latest data and analysis related to the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic and its impact on our economy and society. Headline figures The number of deaths involving COVID-19 registered in England and Wales in the week ending 24 July 2020 (Week 30) was 217 (2.4% of all deaths in that week). The percentage of adults in Great Britain worried about the effect of the coronavirus (COVID-19) on their life was 70% between 29 July and 2 August 2020. The percentage of businesses that had been trading for more than the previous two weeks was 86% between 13 and 26 July 2020 (a further 6% had restarted in the last two weeks, 7% remained temporarily closed).

During the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, government advice has said people in the UK should work from home if possible. This is easier for some workers than others, and jobs that pay more are more likely to be done remotely.

An estimated 28,300 people in the community in England had COVID-19 between 27 July and 2 August 2020 (0.05% of the community population).

Employees in higher-paying jobs are more likely to be able to work from home, according to Office for National Statistics (ONS) analysis of how adaptable jobs are to remote working.

Monthly gross domestic product (GDP) grew by 1.8% in May 2020 (but remained 24.5% below its February 2020 level).

Since the start of the pandemic, many employees have been unable to work because of restrictions imposed to control COVID-19. But in April 2020, in the middle of lockdown, nearly half (47%) of people in employment did at least some of their work from home.

The average number of actual hours worked per week fell by a record 5.5 hours on the year to a record low of 26.6 hours in March to May 2020. The volume of retail sales increased by 13.9% in June 2020 compared with the previous month (non-food and fuel stores continue their recovery from the sharp falls experienced since the start of the pandemic).

Using data from a United States (US) survey of characteristics of different jobs (carried out before the pandemic), we can identify five factors that are associated with being less able to work from home. These are:

Office for National Statistics - Which jobs can be done from home?

continued on page 24 22


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continued from page 22 • whether the job has to be carried out in a specific location • amount of face-to-face interaction with others • exposure to burns, infections and other hazards • whether the job requires physical activity • use of tools or protective equipment One additional element – not fully reflected by the US survey data and therefore in these factors – that increases the likelihood of working from home is the extent to which digital communication is integrated into the workplace, and whether employees have the technology they need to work from home. This was explored in Technology intensity and homeworking in the UK.

Dragon’s Den backed theatre school is set to Re-launch in Penrith!

While there are some differences in working practices between the US and the UK, combining these factors and applying them to the UK workforce allows us to estimate how likely it is to be able to work from home in different occupations.

Penrith is set to welcome Razzamataz Theatre School with a NEW Principal, in a NEW home and welcoming some NEW Razztastic teachers. With its unique mix of both commercial and musical theatre styles of singing, dancing and drama, this Wednesday night theatre school has plenty of opportunities for would-be stars of the stage and screen as well as those that want to learn new skills, have fun and make new friends.

Workers who earn more tend to work in jobs with more scope for home working Employees who earn higher hourly wages are more likely to be able to work from home. Chief executives and senior officials, whose median earnings are £44.08 an hour, are among those most able to work remotely, as are financial managers and directors (£31.38) and programmers and software development professionals (£21.97).

Razzamataz Penrith is re-launching in September 2020 from their brand-new home at Penrith Parish Centre – both parties are working closely, following all the Governments Guidelines to ensure they can welcome lots of Razz faces to a wonderfully safe and creative environment.

Gardeners, whose median hourly earnings are £10.27, are very unlikely to be able to work from home, as are carpenters and joiners (£13.18) and elementary construction occupations such as labourers (£10.25).

“I’m very excited about the relaunch of Razzamataz Penrith and I cannot wait to welcome lots of new faces in September” adds Asha. “Regardless of their experience, Razz is amazing for making new friends and learning new skills.”

The median earnings of employees in the 20% of the workforce most likely to be able to work from home is £19.01, compared with £11.28 for workers in the 20% of workers in jobs least likely to be adaptable to home working.

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www.ons.gov.uk/ employmentandlabourmarket/peopleinwork/ employmentandemployeetypes 24


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CABINET OFFICE AND DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH

Face coverings: when to wear The following information has been taken from the GOV.UK website and is now in a print format through your Eden Local magazine for those who may be unsure about face coverings or they do not have access to these details relating to what face coverings are, their role in reducing the transmission of coronavirus (COVID-19), the settings in which they are recommended, and how they should be safely used and stored. This information is based on current scientific evidence and is subject to change. This information relates to the use of face coverings in public spaces where social distancing is not always possible. It is important to follow all the other government advice on coronavirus (COVID-19) including staying safe outside your home. If you wish to find out more about the differences between surgical face masks, PPE face masks, and face coverings see the MHRA’s (Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency) regulatory status of equipment being used to help prevent coronavirus (COVID-19).

1. What is a face covering? In the context of the coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak, a face covering is something which safely covers the nose and mouth. You can buy reusable or single-use face coverings. You may also use a scarf, bandana, religious garment or hand-made cloth covering but these must securely fit round the side of the face.

2. When to wear a face covering There are some places where you must wear a face covering by law. Different rules exist in different parts of the UK about which you can find out more on the relevant regional websites:

Face coverings are not classified as PPE (personal protective equipment) which is used in a limited number of settings to protect wearers against hazards and risks, such as surgical masks or respirators used in medical and industrial settings.

In England, you must wear a face covering in the following indoor settings (a list of examples for each is included in the brackets):

Face coverings are instead largely intended to protect others, not the wearer, against the spread of infection because they cover the nose and mouth, which are the main confirmed sources of transmission of virus that causes coronavirus infection (COVID-19).

• public transport (aeroplanes, trains, trams and buses) • transport hubs (airports, rail and tram stations and terminals, maritime ports and terminals,

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AND SOCIAL CARE INFORMATION RELATING TO

one and how to make your own

revised update 7th August 2020

bus and coach stations and terminals)

settings can be found in the Government’s guidance for working safely.

• shops and supermarkets (places which offer goods or services for retail sale or hire)

You should also wear a face covering in indoor places not listed here where social distancing may be difficult and where you will come into contact with people you do not normally meet.

• shopping centres (malls and indoor markets) • auction houses • premises providing professional, legal or financial services (post offices, banks, building societies, high-street solicitors and accountants, credit unions, short-term loan providers, savings clubs and money service businesses)

Face coverings are needed in NHS settings, including hospitals and primary or community care settings, such as GP surgeries. They are also advised to be worn in care homes. Enforcement measures for failing to comply with this law

• premises providing personal care and beauty treatments (hair salons, barbers, nail salons, massage centres, tattoo and piercing parlours)

Premises where face coverings are required should take reasonable steps to promote compliance with the law.

• premises providing veterinary services • visitor attractions and entertainment venues (museums, galleries, cinemas, theatres, concert halls, cultural and heritage sites, aquariums, indoor zoos and visitor farms, bingo halls, amusement arcades, adventure activity centres, funfairs, theme parks)

The police can take measures if members of the public do not comply with this law without a valid exemption and transport operators can deny access to their public transport services if a passenger is not wearing a face covering, or direct them to wear one or leave a service.

• libraries and public reading rooms

If necessary, the police and Transport for London (TfL) officers have enforcement powers including issuing fines of £100 (halving to £50 if paid within 14 days).

• places of worship • funeral service providers (funeral homes, crematoria and burial ground chapels) • community centres, youth centres and social clubs • public areas in hotels and hostels • storage and distribution facilities You are expected to wear a face covering before entering any of these settings and must keep it on until you leave unless there is a reasonable excuse for removing it. More detailed advice on the application of these requirements in different

EDEN FM COMMUNITY RADIO AND YOUR EDEN LOCAL COMMUNITY MAGAZINE 27


Continued from page 27

3. When you do not need to wear a face covering In settings where face coverings are required in England, there are some circumstances where people may not be able to wear a face covering. Please be mindful and respectful of such circumstances, noting that some people are less able to wear face coverings, and that the reasons for this may not be visible to others. This includes (but is not limited to): • children under the age of 11 (Public Health England do not recommended face coverings for children under the age of 3 for health and safety reasons)

There are also scenarios when you are permitted to remove a face covering:

• people who cannot put on, wear or remove a face covering because of a physical or mental illness or impairment, or disability

• if asked to do so in a bank, building society, or post office for identification

• employees of indoor settings (or people acting on their behalf, such as someone leading part of a prayer service) or transport workers (see section 6) - although employers may consider their use where appropriate and where other mitigations are not in place, in line with COVID-19 Secure guidelines

• if asked to do so by shop staff or relevant employees for identification, for assessing health recommendations (e.g. by a pharmacist), or for age identification purposes including when buying age restricted products such as alcohol

• police officers and other emergency workers, given that this may interfere with their ability to serve the public

• if required in order to receive treatment or services, for example when getting a haircut

• where putting on, wearing or removing a face covering will cause you severe distress

• if you are delivering a sermon or prayer in a place or worship

• if you are speaking to or providing assistance to someone who relies on lip reading, clear sound or facial expressions to communicate

• if you are the persons getting married in a relevant place

• in order to take medication

• if you are undertaking exercise or an activity and it would negatively impact your ability to do so

• to avoid harm or injury, or the risk of harm or injury, to yourself or others - including if it would negatively impact on your ability to exercise or participate in a strenuous activity

Face coverings are not required in restaurants with

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table service, bars, and pubs. If removing your face covering to eat or drink in an indoor premises with a café or designated seating area, then you can remove your face covering in this area only. Face coverings are not required in restaurants with table service, bars, and pubs. If other indoor premises have a café or seating area for you to eat and drink, then you can remove your face covering in this area only. You must put a face covering back on once you leave your seating area.If removing your face covering to eat or drink in an indoor premises with a café or designated seating area, then you can remove your face covering in this area only. The government’s guidance for keeping workers and customers safe during COVID-19 in restaurants, pubs, bars and takeaway services clearly advises that designated indoor seating areas for customers to eat or drink should at this time only be open for table service, where possible, alongside additional infection control measures. Exemption Cards

Those who have an age, health or disability reason for not wearing a face covering should not be routinely asked to give any written evidence of this, this includes exemption cards. No person needs to seek advice or request a letter from a medical professional about their reason for not wearing a face covering. Some people may feel more comfortable showing something that says they do not have to wear a face covering. This could be in the form of an exemption card, badge or even a home-made sign. This is a personal choice and is not necessary in law.

Access exemption card templates

For exemptions in different parts of the UK please refer to the specific guidance for Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales.

4. The reason for using face coverings Coronavirus (COVID-19) usually spreads by droplets from coughs, sneezes and speaking. These droplets can also be picked up from surfaces, if you touch a surface and then your face without washing your hands first. This is why social distancing, regular hand hygiene, and covering coughs and sneezes is so important in controlling the spread of the virus. The best available scientific evidence is that, when used correctly, wearing a face covering may reduce the spread of coronavirus droplets in certain circumstances, helping to protect others. Because face coverings are mainly intended to protect others, not the wearer, from coronavirus (COVID-19) they are not a replacement for social distancing and regular hand washing. It is important to follow all the other government advice on coronavirus (COVID-19) including staying safe outside your home. If you have recent onset of any of the most important symptoms of coronavirus (COVID-19): • a new continuous cough • a high temperature • a loss of, or change in, your normal sense of smell or taste (anosmia) • you and your household must isolate at home: wearing a face covering does not change this. You should arrange to have a test to see if you have COVID-19.

EDEN FM COMMUNITY RADIO AND YOUR EDEN LOCAL COMMUNITY MAGAZINE 29


Continued from page 29

A face covering should:

• avoid touching the part of the face covering in contact with your mouth and nose, as it could be contaminated with the virus

• cover your nose and mouth while allowing you to breathe comfortably

• change the face covering if it becomes damp or if you’ve touched it

• fit comfortably but securely against the side of the face

• avoid taking it off and putting it back on a lot in quick succession (for example, when leaving and entering shops on a high street)

5. How to wear a face covering

• be secured to the head with ties or ear loops

When removing a face covering:

• be made of a material that you find to be comfortable and breathable, such as cotton

• wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water for 20 seconds or use hand sanitiser before removing

• ideally include at least two layers of fabric (the World Health Organisation recommends three depending on the fabric used)

• only handle the straps, ties or clips

• unless disposable, it should be able to be washed with other items of laundry according to fabric washing instructions and dried without causing the face covering to be damaged

• do not give it to someone else to use • if single-use, dispose of it carefully in a residual waste bin and do not recycle

When wearing a face covering you should:

• if reusable, wash it in line with manufacturer’s instructions at the highest temperature appropriate for the fabric

• wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water for 20 seconds or use hand sanitiser before putting a face covering on

• wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water for 20 seconds or use hand sanitiser once removed

• avoid wearing on your neck or forehead

30


Get a free NHS test today to check if you have coronavirus You can have a test (swab test) to check if you have coronavirus (COVID-19) now. You can choose to take the test:

This service is for people in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.

When to get a test

• at a test site near you today and get your result tomorrow

If you have coronavirus symptoms, apply as soon as you can.

• with a home test kit

Do not wait

There is another test, the antibody test to check if you've had coronavirus. This is not widely available yet.

You need to get the test done in the first 5 days of having symptoms.

Who can get a test You can get a test:

Book a visit to a test site to have the test today. Or order a home test kit if you cannot get to a test site.

• for yourself, if you have coronavirus symptoms now (a high temperature, a new, continuous cough, or a loss or change to your sense of smell or taste)

On days 1 to 4 of your symptoms, you can get tested at a site or at home. If you're ordering a home test kit on day 4, do it by 3pm. On day 5, you need to go to a test site. It's too late to order a home test kit.

• for someone you live with, if they have symptoms

Get a test now

• if you live in England and have been told to have a test before you go into hospital, for example, for surgery

Apply online on GOV.UK.

• if your local council has asked you to get a test

Or call 119 if you have problems using the internet.

This information is brought to you by Eden FM Community Radio 31


THE

GOOD

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Eden Local August 2020  

Eden Local August 2020  

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