SEA ROUTES OF THE SILK ROAD CENTER Culture Center / Gallery Hall / Museum By: Wen Min Lin | Advisor: Simon Tickell Drexel University Architecture Thesis | 2017-2018
ANCIENT SILK ROAD
INSTRUCTION In Chinese Cities, the rapidly development in the last couple decades has been limited to the Economic Competition and grows. These cause the issues of Lack of Culture Heritage Protection, Poor in Hierarchical Social of Life, Serious Environmental Issues and so on. So,the Harmony of The Civic Life is becoming a main concern to achieve life quality improvement for people.
Free Trade Leading Trade
On Road On Sea
NEW SILK ROAD Political Leading Trade Roads
On Road On Sea
26.06 Latitude FUZHOU
To build a complex of Museum and Culture Center, the project is intended to play an integral role in the intellectual life of the city, which will evoke people's memory of thriving history of Chinese trading culture on the sea. The Silk Road Center will also provide Educational and Performance to Enrich people's daily life.
The Reviving of History and Culture and Sustainable in a modern architecture method is a key to achieve this goal.The Composited project is also going to replenish the purpose of the city to attract citizen and tourist as a Destination and create a Great Living Experience.
This project will Bridge the past, present and future to become a Name Card for the city to connect the outside world. The architecturally success of this project is not only going be a beautiful place to visit and handout, but also a learning hub for the future generation to succeed in the long run. In order to achieve those goal, the architect should also dig deep into the History, Culture, Local Value, Nature, Sustainable, and Future Insight of The City.
Land Route Total Length: 4,350 miles (7,000 kilometers) with 2,485 miles (4,000 kilometers) in China. Location: From Asia to Europe passing through China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Greece, and Italy. Sea Route Total Length: Over 10,000 Sea Miles Location: Maritime Silk Road that connects China to Southeast Asia, Indonesian archipelago, Indian subcontinent, Arabian peninsula, all the way to Egypt and finally Europe, that flourished between 2nd-century BC to 15th-century AD.
With 50,000miles high-speepd rail and road network (On Road) and many New Ports connections (on Sea) of modern trading routes would be built. Europe, the Middle East and North Africa. The countries involved boast about 55 percent of global economic output, 70 percent of the world's population and an estimated 75 percent of known energy reserves. It envisions new roads, high-speed rail, power plants, pipelines, ports and airports and telecommunications links that would boost commerce between China and 75 countries in Asia and Europe.
CENTER-CITY SUB-CENTER DEVELPMENTS TRAIN SUBYWAY HIGHWAY
HISTORY SILK ROAD TIMELINE OVER ROAD
China begins producing silk
Christianity arrives in China
2nd Century BC
Start of sea trading to Korea and Japan
Ming dynasty begins, brings forign contact to an end.
Peak of movement along Silk Road in Tan Dynasty
Silkworm farms are built in Europe
Silk reaches Mediterranean. Buddhist missionaries reach Central Asia and China.
Century 638 8th Paper making reaches Asia
Silk is first seen in Romesilk becomes fashionable.
WORLD FLOODING ZONE
SILK ROAD TIMELINE OVER SEA
Chinese imperial system collapsed
In Fuzhou, The Sun rises from the east side of Pacific Ocean and down at West mountain side of Mainland.
The establishment of The People's Republic of China
Center of silk trade moves to France.
New silk road "One Belt One Road" released
3nd Century BC
Start of South China Sea Trading in West Han Dynasty
Invention of Compass in Spring and Autumn period
Exsisting Master Plan
Barnes Foundation in the Site
Peak of maritime trade in Song Dynasty
The climate in Summer is pretty Hot and humid 77% with sufficient ocean wind blows from the Southeast while the winter is cold in a short period of time with less wind from the Northwest.
There are many Typhoon in the Summer, with Long Rainy Season.
Start of opium war
15th Century 1371
Start of maritime prohibition due to the smuggle and pirate.
Zheng He's Seven Voyages reaches Africa in Ming dynasty
The reform and opening policy
EXSITING MUSEUM ANALYSIS
1. History of Maritime Silk Road
2. Waxwork of Trading History
Philadelphia Art Museum in the Site
3. Parts of Ship and Necessities of the Crew
Building size: Depend on the house size Year: 1991 Collection: History Instruction, Pictures, and books
Building size: 120,534 Sq.ft Year: 1987 Collection: Ceramics, bronze, shou stone carving, calligraphy and painting, silk fabric, lacquer, jade, ancient furniture.
Building size: 387,500 Sq.ft Year: 2002 Colletction: Museum, conference room, lecture hall can accommodate 345 people of multi-function and image hall.
The Site is around 10 Acres, with 650 feet
4. Parts of Necessities of the Crew
The Vasa Museum
Architects:Marianne Dahlback and Goran Mansson with Ask Address: Stockholm, Sweden Size:34,983 Square Foot Completion:1981 City Population :789,024 (2007) The Vasa Museum is the most popular maritime museum in the world in terms of number of visitors. Located on the island of Djurgarden, the museum displays the only almost fully intact 17th century ship that has ENTRY ever been salvaged, the 64-gun warship Vasa that sank on her maiden voyage in 1628. When the Vasa Museum was built 20 years ago, it was designed to handle around 700,000 visitors per year. However, the visitor count has steadily increased since its opening and the museum currently receives more than 1.1 million visitors annually. The building have total 7 Storys, and entry is in Level 4th. There are Two Auditorium Rooms, one large and one small.
The lay of the whole village was designed according to geomantic (feng shui) ideas. It looks like the shape of a cow to Chinese people. To prevent the spread of fires and to also water the plants, laborers built a water system according to the cow design in traditional geomancy. The village centers around "the heart of the cow", Moon Pond.
Outlook on 7th Fl
Life On Board Restaurant
ENTRY Salvaged Ship
Naval Warfare Auditorium
Hakka Tu Lou Location: Fujian,China A tulou is usually a large, enclosed and fortified earth building, with very thick load-bearing rammed earth walls between three and five stories high and housing up to 800 people. Smaller interior buildings are often enclosed by these huge peripheral walls which can contain halls, storehouses, wells and living areas, the whole structure resembling a small fortified city.The fortified outer structures are formed by compacting earth, mixed with stone, bamboo, wood and other readily available materials, to form walls up to 6 feet (1.8 m) thick. Branches, strips of wood and bamboo chips are often laid in the wall as additional reinforcement. The result is a well-lit, well-ventilated, windproof and earthquake-proof building that is warm in winter and cool in summer.
Barnes Foundation-LEED Platinum Completion: May 2012 Gross square footage: 93,000 GSF Total Project cost: $150M
Admin Open to the Atrium
By the purpose of getting more visitors and learners, Barnes Foundation is chosen to located in the Benjamin Franklin Parkway which also known as museum walkway. The barnes fundation has been decinated as Museum and Education Center for the city. The building is Breathe by bringing the outdoor nature into the indoor view. Court space and Terrace isFlexible and Adjustable with various kinds of activities.
2FL Museum Classroom
Light Court Recption & Gift
The Barnes Foundation / Tod Williams + Billie Tsien" ArchDaily. 28 May 2012. http:// www.archdaily.com/238238/the-barnesfoundation-building-tod-williams-billie-tsien. Accessed 3 Jul 2017.
The Barnes Foundation / Tod Williams + Billie Tsien" ArchDaily. 28 May 2012. http://www.archdaily.com/238238/the-barnes-foundation-building-tod-williams-billie-tsien. Accessed 3 Jul 2017.
Admin Gallery Auditorium
PROGRAM DIAGRAM Project Components
Louvre Abu Dhabi Architect: Jean Nouvel's Located on Saadiyat Island and surrounded by the sea, 23 permanent galleries and exhibition spaces, a Children's Museum, an auditorium, and a research center are connected by waterfront promenades which weave beneath the building's iconic dome. Site Plan
Education and Art
History and Modern
Destination and Enviorments
Conference Hall Learning Center Auditorium
Silk road trading collections Modern art gallary Temporary gallary
Revival of historical river port River bank park Recreation Center Underground Parking
> Live Performance > History and Trading Classes > Chinese Music Water Management
Memory and Identity
> Streams througout the Site > Rainwater Collection > Water Pond and Fountain > Elevated Platform
> Trading Goods Display > Chinese Architecture https://www.archdaily.com/883149/jean-nouvels-louvre-abu-dhabi-opens-to-the-public-following-a-decade-in-development
Seismic Activity > Space Frame Steel Strucutre > Steel Reinfored Concrete Hot Climate
DOUBLE LAYER DOME
History and Culture
DESIGN PROCESS At the first review, I create a 20' Height platform for the underground parking, and the basement is 10' Height above the Water Level .The fist floor is 10' Height above the street level and 30' above the river surface. The Centra area has 90' Diameter Atrium with Circle Stairs to allow walking access from the basement to the Ground LeveL Plaza. I also desinged a 100' wide street, with 4 line drive ways and two bike lanes with Gaden Barrier inbetween for safty.
DESIGN PROCESS Option A: There are three buildings-Culture Center, Museum and Administration. The Curving Space Framing will no only provide Canpoy for the Site, but also use as Solar and Rainwater Collection.
Option B: The second option of site plan is to create a man made "Topo", people can climb up and down either from street side or in the park. The Silk Road Center will create an Island Site. A floating Dome will create a canopy for the Lower Plaza while also creating Roof Garden for the above "Museum Tower".
Option C: The Third option of site plan is to create a Village form. It's intending to build a Artifical Forest in the hub of new city.
Car Entrance Pedestrian Enrance Subway Station
From the Technical Reviews I have redefine my site strategy as "Water". The original sloping site has been change to a terrace garden and remove the river wall to allow water flooding the river park. There will be elevated wood path board way connect the park and the building site. I also re-discovering of the canopy roof by considering the structure firmness. The shape of the building has been covert from the geometry shape to a more former style in-order to match the platform structure underneath. The underground parking space has also been opening up to allow the direct access to the river park and allowing natural ventilation and sunlight.
WATER FALL FEATURE
SPACE FOR NIGHT MARKET
ELEVATED WALKING PATH
STORM WATER FILTRATION AND MANAGEMENT
TRADITIONAL CHINESE WATER MILL FOR IRRIGATION
Scanned with CamScanner
Inspired by the traditional Chinese water mill for irrigation, the canopy ETFE membrane will collect water and the water channel deliver water in to three ponds. The water will go through bio-filtration system which will be collected by the cistern underground. The opening of parking space will also demonstrate a waterfall feature for the cooling the pleasure visit experience. The individual rota-table structure leaves and move separately in order to shade the intended spaces in summer and opening up in winter.
ROTATABLE SPACEFRAMING STRUCTURE WITH ETFE MENBERANCE
ETFE FILM INTERGRATE WITH SOLAR COLLECTION
VENTILATION OPENING UNDERGROUND PLATFORM
ROTATABLE SPACEFRAMING STRUCTURE
WATER FALL FEATURE
TYPICAL WALL SECTION FOR BUILDING CONSTRUCTION
24"X24" Site-cast Concrete Columns with 30'Grid 18" Thick Two Way Post Tension Concrete Slab 6" Deep Planting Soil for Grass
Sunlouvre: The colorful blades will create extra shading for the share space which also interest the south building facade.
FIRE PROVING AND INTUMESCENT COATING
Steel Structure: There are special coating for fire proving concern of the steel structure which is not going to sacrificed the beauty of exposed steel structure system. Pre-cast Concrete Stone: These large Stone panels will be etched with the story of silk road on the surface. Visitors can get educated even from the out side of building.
PRE-CAST CONCRETE STONE
Etched Glass: "Silk" looking glass with create interesting pattern for the exterior while provide sun shading for the south side backstage of Auditorium.
Layout of Auditorium Spaces
ECTCHED GLASS 5'X10'
Final Review: The "sandwich" style design has very interesting platform and canopy on top and button, which could make the make the culture center less former in between. The materials of the envelop could be more contrast in color to show the coordination wellness of the facade.
Drexel Architecture 2018