ISSN 2050-6732 (Print) ISSN 2050-6740 (Online)
Counter-IED Report Winter 2015/16
COLLAPSING ADVERSARIAL NETWORKS THE RISING IED THREAT TO UN PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS COUNTERING THREAT ANONYMITY: BIOMETRICS IN SUPPORT OF MILITARY OPERATIONS ENHANCING INTERGOVERNMENTAL COUNTER-TERRORISM AND IDENTITY DISCOVERY CAPABILITIES THROUGH IDENTITY AND BIOMETRIC ENABLED INTELLIGENCE (BEI) EOD AND BLACK BOX THINKING S-402: GAINING TIME AND IMPROVED SAFETY FOR THE EOD OPERATOR RFT-2 PROLIFERATION RECALLING 1993 MUMBAI SERIAL BOMB BLASTS AMMUNITION SAFETY MANAGEMENT
PREVENTING LOSS OF LIFE AND PROPERTY, AND DIVERSION FROM STOCKPILES
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Counter-IED Report Published by Delta Business Media Limited 3rd floor, 207 Regent Street London, W1B 3HH United Kingdom Tel: +44 (0) 20 7193 2303 Fax: +44 (0) 20 3014 7659 firstname.lastname@example.org www.deltabusinessmedia.com www.counteriedreport.com
ISSN 2050-6732 (Print)
ISSN 2050-6740 (Online)
The opinions and views expressed in the editorial content in this report are those of the authors alone and do not necessarily represent the views of any organisation with which they may be associated. Material in advertisements and promotional features may be considered to represent the views of the advertisers and promoters. The views and opinions expressed in this report do not necessarily express the views of the publisher. While every care has been taken in the preparation of the report, the publisher is not responsible for such opinions and views or for any inaccuracies in the articles. ÂŠ 2016. The entire contents of this publication are protected by copyright. Full details are available from the publisher. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval systemor transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior permission of the copyright owner. counteriedreport.com
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10 FOREWORD By Rob Hyde-Bales, Consulting Editor, Counter-IED Report 12 COLLAPSING ADVERSARIAL NETWORKS By Chris McNicol PSM, adjunct associate professor, University of New South Wales, Canberra, Australia 19
19 INAUGURAL BRITISH & AMERICAN EOD CHARITIES GALA 19 PRIMETECH - A DIVISION OF FAE GROUP S.P.A. 20
SECURITY & COUNTER TERROR EXPO 2016
21 THE RISING IED THREAT TO UN PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS By Robert Shaw, C-IED Advisor, Department of Peacekeeping Operations, UNMAS 24
NATO EOD DEMONSTRATIONS & TRIALS 2016
25 REVISING ATTACK THE NETWORK (ATN) AND DEFEAT THE DEVICE (DTD) C-IED LINES OF OPERATION: 21st CENTURY THREATS AND NATO INTEROPERABILITY By Victor R. Morris, civilian contractor and instructor at the U.S. Army Europe’s Joint Multinational Readiness Center (JMRC) in Germany 4
COUNTER-IED REPORT, Winter 2015/16
30 COUNTERING THREAT ANONYMITY: BIOMETRICS IN SUPPORT OF MILITARY OPERATIONS By Major Jeroen van Kleef, senior staff officer Biometrics, Defence Expertise Centre C-IED, Land Warfare Centre, NLD Ministry of Defence 38
BORDER MANAGEMENT & TECHNOLOGIES SUMMIT 2016
39 ENHANCING INTERGOVERNMENTAL COUNTER-TERRORISM AND IDENTITY DISCOVERY CAPABILITIES THROUGH IDENTITY AND BIOMETRIC ENABLED INTELLIGENCE (BEI) By Victor R. Morris, civilian contractor and instructor at the U.S. Army Europe’s Joint Multinational Readiness Center (JMRC) in Germany 47 MKDS TRAINING HIGH RISK SEARCH & CIED COURSES 48 EOD AND BLACK BOX THINKING By Roger Davies MBE QGM, former commander of the Northern Ireland Bomb Disposal Unit 54
JOINT FORCES SIMULATION & TRAINING 2016
55 S-402: GAINING TIME AND IMPROVED SAFETY FOR THE EOD OPERATOR By Lieutenant Colonel (Special Services for Defense Industry) Juan Rosillo Parra, EXPAL SYSTEMS SA 62
FUTURE FORCES FORUM 2016
63 RFT-2 PROLIFERATION By MAJ Philip D. Cordaro, Neutralization Section Chief, NATO C-IED Center of Excellence in Madrid 6
COUNTER-IED REPORT, Winter 2015/16
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72 TERRIFIED BEFORE TERROR TO COME: REFLECTIONS ABOUT THE WESTERN APPROACH TO IED RISK/EVENT MANAGEMENT By Lieutenant Colonel Jose M Rufas, Allied Headquarters Joint Force Command Brunssum 79
SOLDIER EQUIPMENT AND TECHNOLOGY ADVANCEMENT FORUM – SETAF 2016
80 RECALLING 1993 MUMBAI SERIAL BOMB BLASTS By Colonel H R Naidu Gade (Retd.) 85
CBRNE SUMMIT EUROPE 2016
86 AMMUNITION SAFETY MANAGEMENT PREVENTING LOSS OF LIFE AND PROPERTY, AND DIVERSION FROM STOCKPILES By Samuel Paunila, Advisor for Ammunition Operations, GICHD and Andrew Hoole, Ammunition Safety Management consultant, GICHD 93 METSEC 2016 DEFENCE & NATIONAL SECURITY 94 MANAGEMENT OF SAFETY AND SECURITY OF HAZARDOUS CHEMICALS IN THE INDIAN CHEMICAL INDUSTRY REINFORCING AWARENESS By Prashant Yajnik, Independent Professional, Integrated Chemicals and Compliance Management 99
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COUNTER-IED REPORT, Winter 2015/16
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FOREWORD By Rob Hyde-Bales, Consulting Editor, Counter-IED Report
As 2015 draws to a close, an overview of terrorist activities throughout the year demonstrates that Islamist terrorist groups have expanded their geographical areas of operations inexorably. The group that has gained much global attention this year has been ISIL, or using its acronym in the Arabic language, Daesh. ISIL/Daesh has been operating primarily in Iraq and Syria, but increasingly of late in Libya and Afghanistan. The common factor in these four nations is the absence of an authoritative central governing authority. In Afghanistan the government in Kabul is coming under increasing pressure from ISIL/Daesh in the eastern areas of the country and from the Taliban in the south in Helmand and Kandahar provinces. In Libya, ISIL/Daesh has moved into the security vacuum that exists in the country and is assessed to be aiming for the nation’s oil wells. The group has used both oil and water as strategic resources to further their aims. In Nigeria the terrorist group Boko Haram is assessed to have killed more people in 2014 than ISIL/Daesh and has used female suicide bombers more than any other group in history. This year alone there have been more than 50 such attacks, some carried out by girls as young as 9, 11 or 13 years old. Other high visibility recent terrorist attacks have included a western hotel in Mali, the downing of a Russian airliner over Egypt and multiple attacks in Paris on 13 November. The IED continues to be the favoured weapon of choice of all of these terrorist groups. There is now a growing pressure for the international community – the United Nations- to address the ever increasing global problem of IED usage by insurgents, terrorists and criminals. In the UK an All Party Parliamentary Group is undertaking an inquiry into the use of IEDs and their impact on 10 COUNTER-IED REPORT, Winter 2015/16
the humanitarian space. The Counter-IED Report is represented on this Group. Robert Shaw, a Counter-IED advisor at UNMAS highlights the problems caused by IEDs to UN Peacekeeping Operations. He points out that some of the Troop Contributing Nations – TCNs - have only a limited level of Counter-IED understanding and experience. He states that there must be more emphasis on relevant situational training covering low level Tactics, Techniques and Procedures. This training should be done prior to deployment. There should also be the scope for C-IED experienced nations to assist other TCNs in this respect. Major Jeroen van Kleef of the Netherlands MOD provides a thought provoking and insightful article on the use of biometrics in support of military operations to counter threat anonymity. He points out how biometrics can be employed in conjunction with domestic operations in counter- terrorism to enhance border security – an aspect that is of major concern in connection with the 13 November multiple terrorist attacks in Paris. Lieutenant Colonel Jose Rufus, part of a Counter-IED Cell in a NATO HQ in Brunssum, examines the reactions of different nations and cultures to either actual or the perceived threat of terrorism. He points out that today’s terrorists are adept at influencing both governments and societies by means of active information operations and propaganda. We must beware of overreaction and counter- terrorism measures should rather be the result of a continuous and integrated effort based on effective intelligence analysis. Lieutenant Colonel Juan Parra, currently working for EXPAL Systems SA, describes how technological advances are helping the EOD operator today in terms
of time saved and increased safety when working with explosive detonation systems. He describes the EXPAL S-402 Electronic Initiation System that has been developed with two important considerations in mind – increased operator safety and a reduction in the initiation system preparation time. Prashant Yajnik from India is an independent professional in integrated chemicals and compliance management. In his article he considers the management and safety of hazardous chemicals in the Indian Chemical Industry and the need to reinforce awareness. This is a topic of ever increasing importance as authorities around the globe seek to improve security in terms of dual-use chemicals that can be used for the manufacture of IEDs. He highlights the need to promote a strong, uniform and effective security culture in the Indian Chemical Industry to reinforce export control measures. In this respect of note, last year saw the thirtieth anniversary of the Bhopal chemical disaster in India. On 2 December 1984 a leak from the US owned multinational Union Carbide Corporation pesticide manufacturing installation resulted in the release of some thirty tons of a highly toxic gas. It is estimated that between 15,000 and 20,000 people were killed as a result of the disaster and some half a million survivors continued to suffer as a result of exposure to the toxic gas – many still do today. Subsequent investigations determined that substandard operating and safety procedures led to the disaster. The fatalities and injuries from this catastrophe far exceed those resulting from the Chernobyl nuclear disaster that occurred two years after Bhopal. These and other excellent articles constitute this edition of the Counter-IED Report. ■
Rob Hyde-Bales biography During his career in the UK Royal Engineers, Rob Hyde-Bales was responsible for landmine clearance in Libya and, more latterly, Afghanistan in the running of the first United Nations humanitarian landmine clearance training programme – Operation Salam. The programme trained Afghan male refugees in landmine clearance techniques, and Afghan women and children in mine awareness and avoidance training. More recently he set up the Caribbean Search Centre in Kingston, Jamaica. The Centre is designed to train security forces across the Caribbean in modern search techniques. After retiring from the army he joined Cranfield University at Shrivenham, near Oxford, and undertook a research project on behalf of the UK Ministry of Defence that examined ways to improve the sharing of IED threat information between the military and civilian organisations in hazardous areas. counteriedreport.com
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Published on Jan 24, 2016
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