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What is the Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA)? PHOTO: Pablo Puertas

The SEA is a process that analyzes the Government’s development proposals on a large scale (policy, plans and/or programs) and if they could have any potential negative impacts on the environment. The SEA is a preventive environmental management tool required by the National Environmental Impact Assessment System (SEIA) bylaws.The SEA is carried out before the proposal’s approval, this means before a decision on it is taken. In this manner, it can be guaranteed that the proposal will be developed within an environmentally sustainable framework, previously assessing its potential cumulative environmental implications in order to prevent and/or reduce them.

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What is the Participatory Regional Development Plan (PDRC)? PHOTO: Isabel Gonzáles / DAR

Loreto’s PDRC to 2021 is a document developed by the Regional Government with the participation of strategic stakeholders (public sector, civil society, indigenous organizations, academia, and business sector, among other). This document contains Loreto’s development strategy to achieve the objectives of the National Strategic Development Plan (PEDN) and the Multi-year Sectorial Strategic Plans (PESEM), according to each government institution’s responsibilities.

PHOTO: Pablo Puertas

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What are the Loreto’s PDRC SEA objectives?

• • • •

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Promote the identification of criteria for the development of key indicators for effective environmental monitoring. Identify socio-environmental limitations and potentialities. Identify the cumulative and synergic impacts. Contribute to the sustainability of the PDRC’s programs and projects.

LORETO’S REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN TO 2021 STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT


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What stakeholders participated in the process? PHOTO: Pablo Puertas

A SEA advisory team was formed, made up of Loreto’s Regional Government, the Ministry of the Environment, and Rights, Environment and Natural Resources (DAR), whom followed closely the development process of the SEA lead by the consulting firm INFRAECO. Furthermore, during the process there were participation opportunities organized in order for civil society, independent experts, among others, to make their contributions and comments.

PHOTO: Pablo Puertas

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What documents on Loreto’s PDRC SEA have been developed? PHOTO: Greta Roman / DAR

• • • • • •

SEA’s Diagnosis and Trend Analysis Environmental Assessment for Loreto’s PDRC to 2021 Best Case Scenario Loreto’s PDRC to 2021 Cumulative Effects Assessment Loreto’s PDRC to 2021 Socio-environmental Management Programs Loreto’s PDRC to 2021 Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program Final version of the SEA document for Loreto’s PDRC to 2021

LORETO’S REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN TO 2021 STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT

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What were the SEA’s results? PHOTO: Ministerio del Ambiente

1. It recommended 15 Socio-environmental Management Programs (PGSA) to contribute to the environmental sustainability of Loreto and offset the impact of large-scale economic activities. In order to guarantee the environmental sustainability of Loreto to 2021 and offset the potential negative implications of megaprojects and other economic activities, 15 PGSA were proposed, such as: Early Warning System for Deforestation and Degradation of Forests in Loreto, Research on Sustainable Fishing and Aquaculture Management, Economic and Intercultural Planning, among others. 2. It incorporated actions on main environmental aspects for Loreto in the strategic phase of the PDRC. Between the most important strategic actions we can mention: Implementation of deforestation early warning mechanisms, monitoring water quality for human consumption, recognition and allocation of land titles to native and farming communities, implementation of finish management programs and their monitoring and control systems, among other.

PHOTO: Digital Democracy

3. It broadened the debate about the main environmental aspects of Loreto, identifying its limitations and potentialities. During the process of developing the SEA it was possible to determine the problems, environmental management indicators, baseline, as well as the main threats related to water resources, forests, biodiversity, cultural identity and fishing resources. 4. It proposed environmental management indicators and goals to guarantee Loreto’s environmental sustainability. Between the most important environmental management indicators we can mention the following: number of sustainable supply chain projects, percentage of native communities with allocated land titles, tons of sustainable aquaculture production, among others.

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What is the current estate of Loreto’s PDRC SEA? PHOTO: DAR

The Regional Government of Loreto sent the final SEA document to the Ministry of the environment on April 30th 2015 and is awaiting an answer.

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LORETO’S REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN TO 2021 STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT


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SOCIO-ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PROGRAMS PHOTO: Walter Wust / Pronaturaleza

WATER RESOURCES PROGRAMS

FOTO: Pablo Puertas

NAME Program to assist the access to basic services such as drinking water and sanitation

COMPONENTS

INSTITUTION IN CHARGE

• Design of water supply and sanitation infrastructure projects.

Regional Government of Loreto

• Construction, operation and maintenance of the water supply and sanitation infrastructure.

SUNASS (National Superintendence for Sanitation Services)

Province and Local Municipalities

• Wastewater dumping inventory. Program to control water quality from wastewater (domestic, industrial and mining)

• Water quality control network. • Early warning system and implementation of contingency plans. • Monitor the management instruments.

OEFA (Environmental Assessment and Fiscalization Agency) AAA (Water Administrative Authority)

• Creation of Watershed Councils.

FOTO: Pablo Puertas

FORESTS PROGRAMS INSTITUTION IN CHARGE

NAME

COMPONENTS

Program to mitigate the impacts of the power transmission lines and road projects on Loreto’s forests.

• Request alternative studies to the infrastructure design. • Propose conservation measures for the project’s area of influence.

GORE Loreto, MINEM, MTC, PROVIAS

Program to mitigate the impacts of the Mazan-Napo hydroelectric power station on Loreto’s forests

• Ecological and Economic micro zoning of Bellavista-Mazan. • Study on the potential protected areas in the projects area of influence.

GORE Loreto, MINEM, MINAM, MINAGRI

Program to implement an early warning system to protect loreto’s forests from deforestation and degradation

• Early warning mechanism implemented. • Training workshops on the early warning mechanism. • Coordination office.

MINAM, GORE Loreto, MINAGRI

LORETO’S REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN TO 2021 STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT

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NAME

COMPONENTS

INSTITUTION IN CHARGE

• Biodiversity research partnership agreements Biodiversity research and sustainable management program

• Design of research projects and biodiversity inventories.

Program for the economic valuation and supply chain assessment of natural resources

• Studies on economic valuation and supply chain assessment

• Studies to guarantee connectivity between protected areas (ecological corridors).

GORE Loreto, SERNANP, MINAM, MTC, MINEM, MINAGRI

FOTO: Pablo Puertas

BIODIVERSITY PROGRAMS

GORE Loreto, MINAM, SERNANP, MTC, MINEM, MINAGRI

NAME

Economic and intercultural planning program

Program to protect collective, ancestral and traditional knowledge

Sustainable tourism program

COMPONENTS • Promote the allocation of land titles. • Promote the design and endorsement of life plans.

GORE Loreto

• Indigenous education and health programs • Promote the development and consolidate the Collective Knowledge Bank protected by INDECOPI. • Counselling on legal and organizational matters. • Promote tourism agencies’ compliance with international standards. • Strengthen DIRCETURA (International trade, tourism and craftsmanship Regional Management). • Small tourism agencies’ training and funding program

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INSTITUTION IN CHARGE

LORETO’S REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN TO 2021 STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT

GORE Loreto, INDECOPI, MINCU, MTC, MINEM, MINAGRI

MINAM, GORE Loreto, MINCETUR

PHOTO: Pablo Puertas

CULTURAL IDENTITY PROGRAMS


PHOTO: Walter Wust /Pronaturaleza

FISHERY RESURCES PROGRAMS NAME

Program to assist the integration of social and environmental aspects in the fishing and aquaculture supply chains. Program to reduce the potential negative effects on wild fisheries in the Napo watershed, as a result of the Mazan-Napo hydroelectric power station

Fishing and aquaculture sustainable management research program

COMPONENTS

INSTITUTION IN CHARGE

• Fishing monitoring, control and surveillance program (MCS). • Health and accident insurance for fishermen.

GORE Loreto

• Implement ISO 140001. • Program to guarantee fish connectivity. • Catch monitoring program. • Scientific monitoring program.

• Design a research program on fisheries. • Obtain a project portfolio to invest on aquaculture.

GORE Loreto, INDECOPI, MINCU, MTC, MINEM, MINAGRI

MINAM, GORE Loreto, MINCETUR

• Further develop the Fishing Sanitation Service (SANIPES). Program to set in motion a system to guarantee fish quality for direct human consumption.

• Construction of a fishing supervisory laboratory. • Fishing markets supervision. • Training programs for aquaculture producers.

DIREPRO, ITP/SANIPES, MTC, MINEM, MINAGRI

• Promote the implementation of the national sanitation regulation.

ENVIRONMENTAL VARIABLES COMPREHENSIVE PROGRAM NAME

COMPONENTS

INSTITUTION IN CHARGE

• Adequate legal framework. Comprehensive and communal socioenvironmental monitoring program. Implementation of the Social and Environmental Surveillance and Monitoring Organizations (OVMAS)

• Implementation of the Social and Environmental Surveillance and Monitoring Organizations (OVMAS) • Effective and efficient early warning system to identify impacts.

MINAM, GORE Loreto, Local Authorities, MINEM, MTC, MINAGRI v

• Equipping program for the monitoring organizations.

LORETO’S REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN TO 2021 STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT

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Strategic Environmental Assessment. Loreto's Participatory Regional Development Plan to 2021  

The SEA is a process that analyzes the Government’s development proposals on a large scale (policy, plans and/or programs) and if they could...

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