Heute Deutschland! Morgen die Welt!

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Heute Deutschland! Morgen die Welt! – The Steven Statharos Collection of German WWII thematic cartography



Contents

Summary Introduction Provenance Glossary I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV.

Annexation – the End of Appeasement – War \ items 1-5 The French Empire \ items 6-17 “Fall Gelb” (Case Yellow): the German invasion of the Low Countries \ items 18-23 The Northern Atlantic Wall \ items 24-32 The Brenner Pass \ items 33-36 The Mediterranean \ items 37-46 The North African Campaign \ items 47-57 The Middle East – Operation Exporter \ items 58-66 The War in the Air \ items 67-76 British Isles – Operation Sea Lion \ items 77-101 The Balkans Campaign \ items 102-113 Russia – Operation Barbarossa \ items 114-136 A Global German Empire \ items 137-149 The German War on America, WWII \ items 150-152



Heute Deutschland! Morgen die Welt! – The Steven Statharos Collection of German WWII thematic cartography The collection comprises 152 items, including some 3504 mapsheets, and approximately 6800 pages of photographs compiled for the Third Reich between 1938 and 1944. In order to make sense of the collection, the works have been organized by theatre of war: Beginning with the annexation of the Sudetenland and the invasion of Poland (items 1-5), before “Fall Gelb” (Case Yellow), the German invasion of the Low Countries (items 18-23) and, eventually, France (items 6-17). The collection covers the mapping of “The Northern Atlantic Wall” – the German defensive positions in Scandinavia (items 24-32); as well as the Alps – including The Brenner Pass, where Hitler and Mussolini met in 1940 (items 33-36); The Mediterranean (items 37-46); The Balkans (items 102-113); The British Isles, with Operation Sea Lion (items 76-101); The North African Campaign (items 46-56); and “Operation Exporter” in the Middle East (items 58-66). The collection also details Operation Barbarossa – Hitler’s ill-fated attempt to capture Moscow (items 114-136); and the lesser known incursions onto American soil: Operations Pastorius and Elster (items 150-152). The majority of the maps in the collection were published for use by the German Army under the ordinance of a permanent General Staff, Generalstab des Heers, but the war in the air and at sea is also represented with maps for the Luftwaffe (items 67-76) and the Kriegsmarine (items 151-152). Heute Deutschland! Morgen die Welt! (Germany today! Tomorrow the world!) was a popular slogan among the Nazis during their rise to power. Its origin is the lyric “Denn heute gehört uns Deutschland/Und morgen die ganze Welt” – «Today, Germany belongs to us/And tomorrow the entire world», from the 1932 song Es zittern die morschen Knochen («The Frail Bones Tremble») written by Hans Baumann that became the official marching song of the Reichsarbeitsdienst (Reich Labor Service) in 1935. This was loosely translated into English as Today Germany, Tomorrow the World, implying that the Nazis intended to take over the world. The scale of this ambition is visible in the detail and efficiency of the cartography of the Third Reich, and was made explicit with a series of maps related to Germany’s projected global empire (see items 137-149). The collector, Steven Statharos, is the grandson of a reluctant prison guard and his prisoner, who met in a Gestapo jail in northern Greece in 1941. The collector’s mother was the prisoner of, and tortured by, Benjamin Locher, Pastor of the Evangelic Church of the Rhineland, and chief of the Geheime Feld-Polizei (GFP – popularly known as the Gestapo) in Greece.



Introduction

The “relationship between warfare and cartography was more intimate in the twentieth century than in any previous era” (Peter Collier, Warfare and Cartography, in ‘The History of Cartography, Volume 6: Cartography in the Twentieth Century’, page 1696). For centuries, most national mapping agencies have been branches of the military, but while necessity is the mother of all invention, not all military cartography has been entirely innovative: why re-invent the wheel, when the Ordnance Survey, or Michelin have created some of the most detailed topographical and route maps of Great Britain and Western Europe for you? Not surprisingly, therefore, the earliest maps published by the German Army for use in the quest for Empire, were large, topographical, with a scale of 1:100 000, and derivative, borrowing from a number of, sometimes credited, sources. It is in the increasing use of extensive over-printing that the maps express a new and sometimes unique, for the time, obsession: highlighting a very clear road classification, sometimes also identifying industrial and other installations of military interest. In the margins, columns of text give a local insight, and an expression of intent, often in order of priority. Soon these maps were supplemented by a systematic series of thematic maps, each focusing on a very particular aspect of the target area; marked and keyed with unambiguous symbols, for geology, soil type, groundcover, road and rail networks, telecommunications, population density, ethnicity, political affiliation, military infrastructure, troop movements, water supply, and so on. The maps are printed on a range of scales to support planning at a strategic, tactical and combat level. “Military thematic maps had been introduced during World War I, but during World War II there was an enormous increase in their range and type. Germany pioneered the extensive production of thematic maps. A military geological service had been re-established in 1937, and the geologists were trained in the light of World War I experiences. Some four hundred military geologists were employed, far more than in either the U.S. or the British army” (Collier, page 1778). The more than 600 separate ‘Militärgeographische Einzelangaben’ mapsheets, representing about 70 % of the Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen production to 1944, were published from 1938. They were issued almost simultaneously with the German army’s relentless march across Europe and North Africa, with a ruthless efficiency and method. The collection begins with a small but not at all insignificant book of town plans for Czechoslovakia, and culminates in the ‘Landerweise Zusammenstellung aller Karten und Mil-Geo-Arbeiten’, which includes 130 folding index maps, encompassing almost the entire world.



Provenance

Each of the items in this collection carries the printed warning: “Nur fur den Dienstgebauch!” – For Official Use Only. Many were also designated “GEHEIM”, SECRET. However, very few of the maps in this collection have seen any active use: one or two have been designated “CAPTURED MAP”; some have been annotated, in a German hand, as having been officially received; some bear the official ink stamp of the Third Reich, an eagle clutching by its talons a swastika within a wreath; or other stamps of official departments, like the Kriegsmarine, and not surprisingly, the “Mil. Geo. A[bteilung] Bibliothek”. Many more bear the ink stamps of other contemporary German libraries: the Bundesarchiv Militarchiv Amtsdrucksachen, the Zentrale Kartensammlung. At the end of WWII, the Berlin Document Center (BDC), was created to centralize the collection of documents from the Third Reich, which were needed in preparation for the Nuremberg Trials. Some were rescued by the US Counter Intelligence Corps (CIC) Agents at a paper mill in Friemann, Germany, where they had been shipped by German officials to be pulped. Others were shipped to “the safety of a deep potash mineshaft in Heringen (Werra), in Hessen, Germany. A group of US Army soldiers found these lost records of the Third Reich. When removed from the Heringen mine, those records that dealt with the earth sciences, terrain analysis, military geology and other geological matters were sent to the USGS (US Geological Survey)” (R. Lee Hadden, ‘The Heringen Collection of the US Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia). Other documents were forwarded to more relevant American institutions, such as the “Army Map Service Map Library” in Washington, DC. A large proportion of the Militargeographische packets in this collection bear the ink stamp of the Heringen Collection, the subsequent ink stamps of the AMSML, and the library labels of the Pentagon library, who deaccessioned much of their map archive after 9/11.



Glossary

The majority of the maps in this collection were published for use by the German Army under the ordinance of a permanent General Staff. Generalstab des Heers. The department, or Abteilung, that actually produced the maps was the Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen, sometimes abbreviated to Gen St d H Abt f Kr u Verm. Special editions of maps of foreign countries are often described as Sonderausgaben Militargeographische packets, or dossiers, sometimes abbreviated to Mil,- Geo.-, gather together a myriad of information and present it in a specifically designed wallet or slipcase, as: a military intelligence book, Textheft; military intelligence photographic book, Bildheft; a town directory, Ortschaftsverzeichnis; a book of town and city plans, Stadtdurchfahrtplane; and a variety of maps, Karte/s. Over time, the content of the Militargeographische changed, and were issued in new editions, or Auflage. Sometimes more than one Militargeographische was issued for a large geographical area, as MAPPE. For example, for the British Isles, Grossbritannien, three MAPPE, were issued: - MAPPE A : a collection of maps mostly related to England, but also to Scotland and Ireland. - MAPPE B : large-scale city plan of London. - MAPPE C : maps and photographs of the coastline. Kartes may be essentially the same map, but over-printed, or reduced to show very specific information. Such as, topography, geology, groundcover, road and rail networks, telecommunications, population density, ethnicity, political affiliation, military infrastructure, and so on. Detailed records of all the Militargeographische, MAPPE, and Kartes were published periodically in a portfolio of indices and key-maps, as Planheft. The Abteilung responsible for producing maps useful to the German Airforce, Luftwaffe, was the Oberbefhlshaver der Luftwaffe. They published information for pilots in Orientierungsheft.


Annexation - the End of Appeasement - War

I

OBERKOMMANDO DES HEERES; and GENERALSTAB DES HEERES ABTEILUNG FUR KRIEGSKARTEN UND VERMESSUNGSWESEN Documents and maps related to the German invasion of Czechoslovakia and Poland in 1939, and subsequent occupation. Publication Berlin, 1st July and 9th August, 1939; 26th July, 1944.

Czechoslovakia The German occupation of Czechoslovakia began with the German annexation of the Sudetenland in October of 1938, as agreed between Nazi Germany, the United Kingdom, France and Italy at Munich. By the middle of March of 1939, German troops had marched into Czechoslovakia, taking over Bohemia, and made a protectorate of Slovakia; essentially tearing up the Munich Agreement. 1. ‘Durchfahrtsplane von Orten in der Tschechoslowakei’. Berlin: Oberommando des Heeres, 1938. 8vo., 71 pages of colour printed town plans, large folding map in pocket at end; original green printed cloth wrappers. Map at end: 1. ‘Prague (Praha)’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 13 000, with directory on verso. Poland The German invasion of Poland, on the 1st of September, 1938, followed closely by the Russian invasion on the 17th of September, marks the beginning of World War II. 2. ‘Die Polnische Landesbefestigung. Stand vom 15.6.1939. Einzelangaben’. Berlin: Oberkommando des Heeres, Generalstab des Heeres, 1. July, 1939. 8vo., 22 leaves of text, 9 leaves of diagrams, some folding, 14 leaves of photographs; original red printed paper wrappers, metal prong fastener, worn. Provenance: early inscriptions on the title-page; with the ink library stamp of the Bundesarchiv Militararchiv Amtsdrucksachen, deaccessioned; with the shelfmark of the Pentagon library. A detailed description of Poland’s defence systems on the eve of the German invasion. 3. ‘Stadt=Durchfahrten in Polen und Danzig (Skizzen). Berlin: Generalstad des Heeres, 9 Ubt., 1939. 8vo., 43 pages of town plans, folding uncoloured map of Poland, large colour printed folding map ‘Industrieubersicht Polen’ loosely inserted as issued. Provenance: with a contemporary inscription on the title-page in German, dated August, 1939. A book of town plans for Poland, issued on the eve of the German invasion. The large Industry map shows targets across Poland, including electric plants, coal mines, metalworks, mineral deposits, rubber factories, armaments factories, gas refineries.



4. ‘Planheft Osteuropa ehemals Polnischer Raum. Vom 26. Juli 1944’. [Berlin: Oberkommando des Heeres, 1944]. Portfolio. 22 leaves of text, 12 large folding index/guide maps, 10 full-page index maps; original green printed paper over paste-board, laced as issued. Provenance: Early military ink library stamp; inscription dated 1961 on the front cover. A guide to interpreting the German army’s maps of the area previously known as Poland, annexed in 1939. Lithuania Before Germany invaded Poland in September of 1938, it had signed a GermanSoviet Nonagression Pact with Russia. A secret protocol divided Central and Eastern Europe into spheres of influence: Lithuania was to come under German control. However, when Germany did invade Poland a month later, they assumed control of the Lublin Volvodeship and Warsaw Volvodeships, which were officially Russian. In compensation Lithuania was transferred to Russia. 5. ‘Militargeographische Beschreibung von Litauen und dem Memlgebiet. Abgeschlossen am 15. Februar 1939’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres 9. Abteilung, 1939. 8vo., 109 pages of text, 2 large folding maps in pocket at end, 20 pages of photographs; original red printed paper boards, rebacked with black tape. Provenance: with official ink stamps of the Third Reich; with the early accession stamps and labels of the Pentagon Library, deaccessioned after 9/11. Maps at end: 1. ‘Militargeographischen karte von Litauen und dem Memelgebiet’. Very large folding colour printed map, with overprinting. 1 : 400 000. Comprehensive topographical map, highlighting landmarks of particular interest, with text panels outlining objectives. Provenance: heavily annotated by early American researchers. 2. ‘Politische Gliederung, Bevolkerungsdichte und Nationalitatenverteilung in Litauen’. Large folding colour printed map. 1 : 750 000. Showing political affiliation, population density and ethnicity.



The French Empire

II

GENERALSTAB DES HEERES ABTEILUNG KRIEGSKARTEN UND VERMESSUNGSWESEN The ‘Planheft’ and a collection of ‘Militargeographische’ packets for France, Paris and Corsica. Publication Berlin, 30th January 1940 – January 1944.

After Germany’s invasion of Poland in September of 1939, Hitler set his sights on Western Europe, with the specific intent of conquering France. On the 10th of May, 1940, Germany invaded Belgium, the Netherlands and France. By June the 22nd France had signed an armistice with Germany, and the following day Hitler entered Paris. 6. ‘Planheft Frankreich. 3. Ausgabe. Vom 3. Januar 1944’. Berlin: Oberkommando des Heeres, 3rd Januar, 1944. Portfolio. 47 pages of text, 33 two-colour printed maps, some folding; original green printed cloth and paper boards, laced as issued. Third edition. MAPPE A – Part I 7. ‘Militargeographische Beschreibung von Frankreich. Teil I: Nordost-Frankreich. Landesbeschreibung, Bilderbeilage und Sonderkarten.(Strassenkarten und Stadtdurchfahrtplane in Mappe B) (Wirtschaftskarten in Mappe C). Abgeschloseen 29. Februar 1940. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskaren und Vermessungswesen, 1940. Original blue printed stiff paper wallet. Contents: 1. ‘Militargeographische Beschreibung von Frankreich...’. 8vo., 125 pages of text, one folding two-colour printed map; original green printed paper wrappers. 2. ‘... Landschaftsbilder...’. 8vo., 103 pages of photographs; original white printed paper wrappers. 3. ‘Nordost-Frankreich Ubersicht und Landschaftsgliederung’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 750 000. 4. ‘Nordost-Frankreich: Hauptbodenarten’. Large two-colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 1 000 000. Showing the main soil types. 5. ‘Nordost-Frankreich: Politische Gliederung’. Large folding two-colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 1 000 000. Showing political divisions. 6. ‘Nordost-Frankreich: Bevolkerung’. Large folding two-colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 1 000 000. Showing population density, and with gazetteer on verso. 7. ‘Gewasserabschnitte Nordost-Frankreich’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 500 000. Topographical map concentrating on waterways. 8. ‘Eisenbahnnetz Nordost-Frankreich’. Large folding two-colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 750 000. The railway network, with gazetteer on verso. 9. ‘Wehrgeologische Uberscichteskarte von Flandern, Artois, Oberboulonnais und Niederboulonnais’. Large folding colour printed map 1 : 300 000. A geological map for the entire region.



MAPPE A - Part II - Not present MAPPE A 8. ‘Militargeographische Beschreibung von Frankreich. Teil III: Sudost-Frankreich. Landesbeschreibung, Bilderbeilage und Sonderkarten.(Strassenkarten und Stadtdurchfahrtplane in Mappe B) (Wirtschaftskarten in Mappe C). Abgeschloseen 12. Juni 1940. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskaren und Vermessungswesen, 1940. Original blue printed stiff paper wallet. Contents: 1. ‘Militargeographische Beschreibung von Frankreich...’. 8vo., 106 pages of text; original green printed paper wrappers. 2. ‘... Landschaftsbilder...’. 8vo., 189 pages of photographs; original white printed paper wrappers. 3. ‘Sudost-Frankreich Ubersicht und Landschaftsgliederung’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 750 000. 4. ‘Sudost-Frankreich: Politische Gliederung’. Large folding two-colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 1 000 000. Showing political divisions. 5. ‘Sudost-Frankreich: Bevolkerung’. Large folding two-colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 1 000 000. Showing population density, and with gazetteer on verso. 6. ‘Gewasserabschnitte Sudost-Frankreich’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 500 000. Topographical map concentrating on waterways. 7. ‘Eisenbahnnetz Sudost-Frankreich’. Large folding two-colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 750 000. The railway network, with gazetteer on verso. 8. ‘Sudost-Frankreich: Fernsprech- und Telegraphennetz’. Large folding uncoloured map 1 : 1 000 000. Telephone and telegraph networks. 9. ‘Zusammenstellung der bisher erschienenen Teile der Militargeographische Beschreibung von Frankreich’. Singe sheet listing the maps that have been printed in this series so far. 18th June, 1940. 10. Small printed notice of two maps not yet completed in the series.



MAPPE B – Part I 9. ‘Militargeographische Beschreibung von Frankreich. Teil I: Nordost-Frankreich. Strassenkarten und Stadtdurchfahrtplane. (Landesbeschreibung, Bilderbeilagen und Sanderkarten in Mappe A) (Wirtschaftskarten in Mappe C). Abgeschlossen 30. Januar 1940’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskaren und Vermessungswesen, 1940. Original blue printed stiff paper wallet. Contents: 1. ‘Strassenkarte von Nordostfrankreich’. 10 large folding uncoloured lithographed road maps with extensive over-printing. 1: 200 000 1: Boulogne-Lille 2: LeHavre-Amiens 3: Arras-Mezieres 4: Caen-Paris 5: Paris-Reims 6: Verdun-Weissenburg 7: Paris-Chaumont 8: Chaumont-Strassburg 9: Auxerre-Dijon 10: Dijon-Mulhausen 2. ‘Frankreich Strassenausbau (Stand 1939) und Ubersicht zu den Strassenkarten 1 : 200 000’. Large folding colour printed maps, with over-printing. Roadmap of the entire region. 3. ‘Stadtdurchfahrtplane Nordost=Frankreich’. Berlin: 1939. 8vo., 173 pages of two-colour printed town plans, folding uncoloured map, large folding colour printed map of Paris and environs in pocket at end; original grey printed cloth wrappers. MAPPE B – Part II 10. ‘Militargeographische Beschreibung von Frankreich. Teil II: Nordwest-Frankreich. Strassenkarten und Stadtdurchfahrtplane. Abgeschlossen 15. Mai 1940’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskaren und Vermessungswesen, 1940. Original blue printed stiff paper wallet. Contents: 1. ‘Strassenkarte von Nordwestfrankreich’. 10 large folding uncoloured lithographed road maps with extensive over-printing. 1: 200 000 11: Cherbourg-Rouen 12: Brest-Quimper 13: St. Brieuc-Rennes (worn and stained) 14: Le Mans-Paris 15: Vannes-Angers 16: Angers-Orleans 17: Nantes-Poitiers 18: Niort-Chateauroux 2. ‘Frankreich Strassenausbau (Stand 1939) und Ubersicht zu den Strassenkarten 1 : 200 000’. Large folding colour printed maps, with over-printing. Roadmap of the entire region.



3. ‘Stadtdurchfahrtplane Nordost=Frankreich’. Berlin: 1939. 8vo., 112 pages of two-colour printed town plans, folding colour printed map; original brown printed cloth wrappers. MAPPE B – Part III 11. ‘Militargeographische Beschreibung von Frankreich. Teil III: Sudost-Frankreich. Strassenkarten und Stadtdurchfahrtplane. (Landesbeschreibung, Bilderbeilagen und Sanderkarten) (Wirtschaftskarten in Mappe C). Abgeschlossen 15 Mai 1940’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskaren und Vermessungswesen, 1940. Original pale green printed stiff paper wallet. Contents: 1. ‘Strassenkarte von Sudostfrankreich’. 10 large folding uncoloured lithographed road maps with extensive over-printing. 1: 200 000 19: Bourges-macon 20: Beaune-Evian 21: Clermont-Fd.-Lyon 22: Lyon-Genf 23: Aurillac-St. Etienne 24: Valence-Grenoble 25: Rodez-Nimes 26: Avignon-Digne 27: Carcassonne-Nimes 28: Marseille-Menton 2. ‘Frankreich Strassenausbau (Stand 1939) und Ubersicht zu den Strassenkarten 1 : 200 000’. Large folding colour printed maps, with over-printing. Roadmap of the entire region, early repair to one corner. 3. ‘Sudost=Frankreich Stadtdurchfahrtplane’. Berlin: 1940. 8vo., 134 pages of two-colour printed town plans, folding colour printed map; original grey printed cloth wrappers. MAPPE B - Part IV 12. ‘Militargeographische Beschreibung von Frankreich. Teil IV: Sudwest-Frankreich. Strassenkarten und Stadtdurchfahrtplane. Abgeschlossen 20 Mai 1940’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskaren und Vermessungswesen, 1940. Original blue printed stiff paper wallet, front cover detached. Provenance: with the ink library stamp of the National Library of Technology, Prague, throughout. Contents: 1. ‘Frankreich Strassenausbau (Stand 1939) und Ubersicht zu den Strassenkarten 1 : 200 000’. Large folding colour printed maps, with over-printing. Roadmap of the entire region. 2. ‘Strassenkarte von Sudostfrankreich’. 10 large folding uncoloured lithographed road maps with extensive over-printing. 1: 200 000 29: La Rochelle-Bordeaux 30: Angouleme-Limoges 31: Bordeaux-Tulle 32: Bordeaux-Biarritz



33: Bordeaux-Montaubon 34: Pau-Toulouse 35: Biarritz-Luchon 36: Luchon-Perpignon 3. ‘Stadtdurchfahrtplane Sudwest=Frankreich’. Berlin: 1940. 8vo., 71 pages of two-colour printed town plans, some folding, folding colour printed map; original grey printed cloth wrappers. MAPPE C – Part I 13. ‘Militargeographische Beschreibung von Frankreich. Teil I: Nordost-Frankreich. Wirtschaftskarten (Landschaftsbeschreibung, Bilderbeilagen und 9 Sanderkarten in Mappe A, Strassenkarten und Stadtdurchfahrtplane in Mappe B). Abgeschlossen 30. Januar 1940’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskaren und Vermessungswesen, 1940. Original blue printed stiff paper wallet, damaged. Contents: 1. ‘Nordost-Frankreich: Wirtschaftskarten’. Large folding colour printed map. 1 : 1 000 000. 2. ‘Industrie Nordfrankreich’. Large folding colour printed map. 1 : 200 000. 3. Not present. 4. ‘Industrie Lothringen’. Large folding colour printed map. 1 : 200 000. 5. ‘Industrie Lothringen Stadtplane’. Large folding colour printed map. 1 : 200 000. 6. Not present. 7. ‘Industrie Paris Nordwest’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 20 000. 8. ‘Industrie Paris NordOSst’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 20 000. 9. ‘Industrie Paris Sudwest’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 20 000. 10. ‘Industrie Paris Sudost’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 20 000. 11. Not present. 12. ‘Elektrizitatskarte von Ostfrankreich’. Large colour printed folding map. 1 : 400 000.





MAPPE C – Part III 14. ‘Militargeographische Beschreibung von Frankreich. Teil III: Sudost-Frankreich. Wirtschaftskarten (Landschaftsbeschreibung, Bilderbeilagen und Sanderkarten in Mappe A, Strassenkarten und Stadtdurchfahrtplane in Mappe B). Abgeschlossen 5 Juni 1940’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskaren und Vermessungswesen, 1940. Original blue printed stiff paper wallet. Contents: 1. ‘Industrie Franche=Comte (Doubs-Haute-Saone Terrtorium de Belfort). Large folding lithographed map with extensive over-printing. 1 : 200 000. 2. ‘Industrie Savoyen’. Large folding lithographed map with extensive overprinting. 1 : 200 000. 3. ‘Industrie Isere’. Large folding lithographed map with extensive over-printing. 1 : 200 000. 4. ‘Industrie Rhone’. Large folding lithographed map with extensive over-printing. 1 : 320 000. 5. ‘Industrie Loire’. Large folding lithographed map with extensive over-printing. 1 : 200 000. 6. ‘Industrie Rhone Maritime’. Large folding lithographed map with extensive over-printing. 1 : 200 000. 7. ‘Industrie Marseille’. Large folding lithographed map with extensive overprinting. 1 : 15 000. 8. ‘Sudost-Frankreich: Wirtschaftsubersicht’. Large folding lithographed map with extensive over-printing. 1 : 1 000 000. Showing land-use and industrial sites. 15. ‘Stadtplan von Paris in 4 Blattern Masstab 1 : 20 000’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskaren und Vermessungswesen, 1940. Original blue stiff printed paper wallet. Contents: 1. ‘Paris – Nordost’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. Northeastern suburbs of Paris. 2. ‘Paris – Nordwest’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. Northwestern suburbs of Paris. 3. ‘Paris – Sudost’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. Southeastern suburbs of Paris. 4. ‘Paris – Sudwest’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. Southwestern suburbs of Paris. Printed in 1940, but no month given, the Germany army entered Paris on June 14th, of that year and remained there until Liberation in August, 1944.



16. ‘Militargeographische Beschreibung der Insel Korsika. Bearbeitet von der Mil. Geo.-Dienststelle beim Militarbefelshaber in Frankreich. Abgescholossen am 30.April 1941’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskaren und Vermessungswesen, 1941. 8vo., 37 pages of text including 4 full-page maps, one folding colour printed road map at end, 2 folding colour printed maps in pocket at end; original pale blue printed paper wrappers. Italian forces occupied Corsica from November 1942 until Mussolini’s imprisonment in July 1943. German troops officially took control of the island in September of that year, but were ousted by Allied Italian troops and a fierce Resistance. 17. ‘Durchgangigkeit der Pyrenaen: uebersichtskarte... Stand 1.9.1943’. [Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskaren und Vermessungswesen], 1943. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 1 000 000. General topographical map of the Pyranees. The main escape route into Northern Spain from France, for all those fleeing the conflict in Northern Europe.



“Fall Gelb” (Case Yellow): the German invasion of the Low Countries III

GENERALSTAB DES HEERES ABTEILUNG FUR KRIEGSKARTEN UND VERMESSUNGSWESEN The ‘Planheft’s and a collection ‘Militargeographische’ packets for Belgium and the Netherlands. Publication Berlin, 20th October 1939 – 27th June 1944.

The German army invaded Belgium and the Netherlands on the same day: 10th May, 1940. The attacks were part of a larger strategy, known as “Fall Gelb” (Case Yellow), to conquer France, which they attacked at the same time. German forces hoped to bypass the main line of French defense at their eastern border by going through the Belgium and the Netherlands. After only five days of battle, the Netherlands capitulated to Germany, on the 15th of May. Belgium, Luxembourg and parts of France soon followed. By the summer of 1940, almost all of Western Europe was under German control. Belgium 18. ‘Planheft Belgien. 2. Ausgabe. Vom 27. Januar 1944’. [Berlin]: Chef des Kriegskartenund Vermessungswesens, 27. Januar 1944. Portfolio. 40 pages of text, 18 two-colour printed folding maps, 6 full-page maps, general key map of France and the Netherlands loosely inserted; original green printed paper boards, laced as issued. Provenance: with the ink library stamp of the Bundesarchiv Militararchiv Amtsdrucksachen and their manuscript accession marks; and with the shelfmarks and library labels of the Pentagon Library, deaccessioned after 9/11. 19. ‘Militargeographischer Uberlick uber Belgien und angrenzende Gebiete. Abgeschlossen 20. Oktober 1939’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heers Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen, 1939. Original orange stiff paper wallet. Provenance: with the ink stamps of the Third Reich and official departments; with the near-contemporary official ink stamp assigning the wallet and contents to Ernst Martin ‘A.S.N. 32316955’. Contents: 1. ‘Militargeographischer Uberlick uber Belgien und angrenzende Gebiete. Abgeschlossen 20. Oktober 1939’. 8vo., 76 pages of text including full-page maps, folding map at end; original green printed paper wrappers. 2. ‘Landschaftersbilder aus Belgien den sudlichen Niederlande und Luxemburg’. 8vo., 48 pages of photographs; 8vo., original white printed paper wrappers. 3. ‘Stadt=Durchfahrten in Belgien und angrenden Gebieten’. 8vo., 107 pages of town plans, printed on different coloured sheets of paper, and including 4 folding maps; original brown cloth wrappers. 4. ‘Bodenarten: Niederlander, Belgien, und Luxemburg’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 1 110 000. Soil composition map of the entire region. 5. ‘Landschaftsgliederung: Niederlander, Belgien, und Luxemburg’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 1 110 000. Geological map of the entire region. 6. ‘Ubersichtskarte der Gewasserabschnittein Belgien und den angerenenden Gebieten’. Large folding two-colour printed map. 1: 500 000. Overview of the waterways extending beyond the boundaries. 7. ‘Karte des Nordbelgischen Kanalsystems und des Julianakanals mit ubergangen und Schleusen’. Large folding uncoloured map. 1 : 160 000. Map of the canal system. 8. Not present - water and altitude.



9. ‘Fernsprech – und Telegrahennetz von Belgien und Luxemburg – Stand vom: 10.10.39 (nach den bisher vorliegenden Unterlagen).’ Large folding uncoloured map. 1 : 400 000. Communications network. 10. ‘Belgien. Stand: Juli 1939. Strassenzustandskarte’. Large folding uncoloured map, with over-printing. 1 : 300 000. 11. ‘Strassenausbau Zusammendruck 1 : 300 000 Belgien’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. Showing transport routes extending beyond the Belgian border. MAPPE B – Second edition 20. ‘Militargeographische Uberlick uber Belgien und angrenzende Gebiete. 2 Auslage. Strassenkarten und Stadtdurchfahrtplane. Abeschlossen 20. Januar 1940’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heers Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen, 1940. Original orange printed stiff paper wallet. Contents: 1. Stadt=Durchfahrten in Belgien und angrenzenden Gebieten’. Berlin, 1939. ‘Stadt=Durchfahrten in Belgien und angrenden Gebieten’. 8vo., 107 pages of town plans, printed on different coloured sheets of paper, and including 4 folding maps; original brown cloth wrappers. 2. ‘Strassenkarte von Belgien’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing, on 4 sheets: 1: Antwerpen-Rotterdam 2: Brussel-Ostende 3: Brussel-Luttich (Liege) 4: Mons-Luxemburg Brussels 21. ‘Militargeographische Einzelangaben uber Belgien-Frankreich. Blatt 5 MarbeugeBrussel: Stadtplan Brussel’ (recto);Town plans of ‘Tirlemont’, ‘Maubeuge’, ‘Mons’, ‘Namur’, ‘La Louviere’, ‘Lowen’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 20 000 (recto0. [Berlin: Generalstab des Heers Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen], November, 1943.



The Netherlands 22. ‘Planheft Niederland. Vom 6. Dezember 1943’. Portfolio. 41 pages of text, 7 folding index maps, 32 full-page; original green printed paper boards, laced as issued. 23. [Militargeographischer Uberlich uber die Niederlande. Abgeschlossen am 20.11.1939’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heers Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen, 1940]. Original buff paper wallet with type-written contents label on front cover, tape repairs. Provenance: with the ink library stamp of the Bundesarchiv Militararchiv Amtsdrucksachen and their manuscript accession marks. Contents: 1. Militargeographischer Uberlich uber die Niederlande’. 8vo., 115 pages of text, one folding map; original green printed paper wrappers. 2. ‘Verwaltungskarte der Niederlande’. Large folding two-colour printed map, library stamp excised. 1 : 300 000. Outlining administrative regions. 3. ‘Strassenkarte Niederlande. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing, in 3 sheets. 1 : 200 000. Road map, or North, South and Middle Netherlands. 4. Not present - waterways 5. ‘Landschaftsgliederung: Niederlande, Belgien und Luxemburg’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing, library stamp excised. 1 : 1 110 000. Geological map. 6. ‘Bodenarten: Niederlande, Belgien und Luxemburg’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing, library stamp excised. 1 : 1 110 000. Soil composition. 7. ‘Landschaftsbilder aus den Niederlanden’. Berlin, 1939. 8vo., 48 pages of photographs; original white printed paper wrappers, library stamp excised from front cover. Belgium was liberated from German occupation by the beginning of February, 1945. But it was only after the complete surrender of all German forces on the 5th of May, 1945, that the Netherlands was also liberated.



The Northern Atlantic Wall

IV GENERALSTAB DES HEERES ABTEILUNG FUR KRIEGSKARTEN UND VERMESSUNGSWESEN ‘Planheft’ and a collection of ‘Militargeographische’ packets for Norway, Denmark, Finland and Sweden. Publication Berlin, 12th April 1940 – 1st February 1944.

German forces invaded Norway and Denmark in April of 1940, giving them harbours from which to patrol the North Atlantic, and access to the iron ore mines of Sweden. The country remained occupied by Germany until the capitulation of May 1945. Anticipating an Allied invasion of mainland Europe, between 1942 and 1944, Germany constructed extensive fortifications and other coastal defence systems along more than 3000 miles of northwest coastline. 24. Zusammenfassende Darstellung der geographischen Bedingungen fur die Verteidigung der Kusten Nordwest-Europas. 2. Ausgabe August 1943’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskaren und Vermessungswesen, 1943. Folio. 33 leaves of text, 3 folding maps, 8 full-page maps; original red printed paper wrappers, lacking large folding map from pocket at end. Provenance: with the ink stamps of the ‘Mil Geo A Bibliothek’; and with the early accession stamps of the Pentagon Library, deaccessioned after 9/11. Second edition of a comprehensive survey for the defense of the northwest coasts of Norway, Denmark and Finland. Norway MAPPE B 25. ‘Militargeographische Angaben uber Skandinavien: Norway. Abgeschlossen am 12. 4. 1940’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskaren und Vermessungswesen, 1940. Original tan printed stiff paper wallet. Provenance: with official ink stamp of the Kriegsmarine, dated 1940, on the front cover. Contents: 1. ‘Norwegen Einszellandschaften, Gewasser und Verkehrskunstbauten, mit Bildern. Anlage zu Mil-Geo-Angaben Uber Skandinvaien v. 12.4.40’. 8vo., 85 pages of text illustrated with photographs throughout, one large colour printed folding map of Scandinavia at end; original tan printed paper wrappers. 2. ‘Ortschafts-Verzeichnis Norwegen... 2. Ertweiterte Auslage’. 8vo., 37 pages of text; original tan printed paper wrappers. Town directory. 3. ‘Norwegen Stadtplane im Kleinformat Sammelheft...’. 8vo., 26 colour printed folding and double-page town plans; original tan printed paper wrappers. 4. ‘Stadtplane... Bergen, Drammen, Stavanger, Trondheim’. 4 large folding colour printed maps. 1 : 10 000, lacking ‘Oslo’; original tan printed paper chemise. 5. ‘Stradtdurchfahrtplane’. 2 volumes. 8vo., large folding colour printed map, 23 two-colour printed town plans in volume one; 17 uncoloured town plans in volume 2; original tan printed paper wrappers.


26. ‘Militargeographische Angaben uber Norwegen...’. [Berlin]: Mil Geo-Gruppe Norwegen, 1942. 3 volumes. Original red printed paper wrappers. (As below). Provenance: with the ink library stamp of the ‘Mil Geo A Bibliothek’; and later official American library accession marks, dated 1957. A. ‘... Allgemeine Ubersicht Dient zur allgameinen Unterrichtung uber das gesamte Gebiet. Mit Kertenmappe’. Folio. 79 pages of mimeographed text, 16 full-page mimeographed maps. Marked “pruf ”, number 001468. Providing a general overview for all Norway. B. ‘... Einzellandschaftern und Spitzbergen’. Folio. 187 pages of mimeographed text, 2 pages of maps. Marked “pruf ”, number 00538. A detailed examination of the western coast of Norway and Spitzbergen. C. ‘... Einzelangaben. Folio. 155 pages of text, 3 pages of maps. Marked “pruf ”, number 00576. Town directory. 27. ‘Eingehende Einzeldarstellung der geographischen Bedingungen fur die Verteidigung der Kusten Norwegens. Kartenmappe zum Hauptband. Abgeschlossen: 1. Februar 1944’. [Berlin]: Herausgegeben von OKH, Gen St d H, Abt f Kr Kart u Verm Wes (IV, Mil Geo)., [1944]. Original red printed stiff paper folder. Provenance: library stamps erased from the folder and excised from the maps. Contents: 1. ‘Ubersichteskarte Skandinavien –Nord... zur “Eingehenden Einzeldarstellung der geographischen Bedingungen fur die Verteidigung der Kusten Norwegens”’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 1 000 000. Detailing the natural and manmade defenses of the coast of Norway. 2. ‘Ubersichteskarte Skandinavien –Sud... zur “Eingehenden Einzeldarstellung der geographischen Bedingungen fur die Verteidigung der Kusten Norwegens”’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 1 000 000 3. ‘Strassenzustandskarte von Norwegien (Sud-Blatt)’. Large folding colour printed map. 1 : 1 000 000. Topographical map showing the main roads. 4. ‘Strassenzustandskarte von Norwegien (Nord-Blatt)’. Large folding colour printed map. 1 : 1 000 000. Topographical map showing the main roads. 5. ‘Kusten Norwegens, Gelandebeurteilungsskizze’. Large colour printed folding map in 8 sheets. 1 : 300 000. Showing terrain. Denmark 28. ‘Planheft Danemark (einschl. Island, Faroer und Gronland). 2. Neubearbeitete Auflage’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskaren und Vermessungswesen, 1942. Folio. 43 pages of text, 50 maps, some folding; original green printed paper boards.




29. ‘Eingehende Einzeldarstellung der geographischen Bedlingungen fur die Verteidigung der danischen Weskuste. Bildanhang. Abgeschlossen Mai 1943’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskaren und Vermessungswesen, 1943. Folio. 107 pages of photographs; original red printed paper wrappers, with typed label on the front cover “Arbeits – Exemplar”, ie working copy. Finland During WWII, Finland fought bitterly for its independence, first against an invasion by the Russians (1939-1940); then with the Axis powers against the Russians (1941-1944); and finally against Germany (1944-1945). MAPPE A 30. ‘Militargeographische Angaben uber Finnland. Stadtplane’. [Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskaren und Vermessungswesen], 1941. Original buff printed paper chemise. Contents: 1. ‘Stadtplan Helsinki (Helsingfors)’, recto; ‘Umgebung van Helsinki’. Large folding colour printed map on either side of the sheet: 1 : 10 000 and 1 : 25 000. Detailed city plan of Helsinki and environs. 2. ‘Stadtplan Tampere (Tammerfors)’. Large folding colour printed map. 1 : 10 000. 3. ‘Stadtplan Turku’. Large folding colour printed map. 1 : 10 000. MAPPE B 31. ‘Militargeographische Angaben uber Finnland Mappe B Strassenkarten und Stadtdurchfahrtplane. Abgeschlossen am 15. Januar 1941’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskaren und Vermessungswesen, 1941. Original printed tan stiff paper wallet. Contents: 1. ‘Finnland: Ubersichtskarte. Strassenubersicht’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 1 000 000. General topographical map, over-printed with major roadways. 2. ‘Finnland Strassenkarte’. Large folding colour printed map, on 12 sheets. 1 : 200 000. 3. ‘Stadtdurchfahrtplane Finnland (einschliesslich der 1940 an Russland abgetretenen Gebiete)’. 8vo., 48 pages of colour printed town plans; original tan printed paper wrappers.


Sweden Sweden remained neutral throughout WWII, although it sold iron ore to Germany, and during Operation Barbarossa, it allowed the German army to use its railway network to transport troops and weapons from Norway to Finland. In 1944-1945 it allowed the Allied forces to use its airbases. MAPPE C 32. ‘Militargeographische Angaben uber Skandinavien: Schweden. Abgeschlossen am 1. 8. 1940’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskaren und Vermessungswesen, 1940. Original tan printed stiff paper wallet. Provenance: with manuscript accession marks on the front cover. Contents: 1. ‘Schweden Einszellandschaften, Gewasser und Verkehrskunstbauten, mit Bildern. Anlage zu Mil-Geo-Angaben Uber Skandinvaien Abgeschlossen 8. 5. 1940. 8vo., 166 pages of text illustrated with photographs throughout, one large colour printed folding map of Scandinavia at end; original tan printed paper wrappers. 2. ‘Ortschaftsverzeichnis Schweden...’ 8vo., 88 pages of text; original tan printed paper wrappers. Town directory. 3. ‘Schweden Stadtplane im Kleinformat Sammelheft...’. 8vo., 32 uncoloured folding and double-page town plans; original tan printed paper wrappers. 4. ‘Stadtplane... Goteborf, Halsingborg, Lulea, Lund, Malmo, Stockholm, Sundsvall’. 7 large folding colour printed maps, original tan printed paper chemise. 5. ‘Stradtdurchfahrtplane’. 8vo., large folding colour printed map, at end; 31 pages of uncoloured town plans; original tan printed paper wrappers.


The Brenner Pass

V

GENERALSTAB DES HEERES ABTEILUNG FUR KRIEGSKARTEN UND VERMESSUNGSWESEN A collection of books and maps related the Eastern Alps and Switzerland. Publication Berlin, 1940 – 15th August, 1943.

33. ‘Planheft Schweiz Vom 16. Marz 1944’. [Berlin]: Oberkommando des Heeres, 1944. Folio. 20 pages of text, 26 mostly folding maps and plans; original green cloth backed reprinted paper boards, tied as issued. Marked “Pruf ”, number 229. Provenance: library shelfmarks erased from front cover. 34. ‘Schweiz’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres. Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen, (IV. Mil. Geo), 1940. Original buff printed stiff paper wallet. Provenance: library stamps erased from front cover. Contents: 1. ‘Schweiz Stadtcurchfahrtplane’. 8vo., 41 folding colour printed town plans; original brown printed cloth wrappers. 2. ‘Schweiz: Strassenzustand’. Large folding colour printed map, with overprinting. 1 : 300 000. General topographical and route map. 35. ‘Durchgangigkeit der Ostalpen. Ubersichteskarte’ (recto); and ‘Ubersichteskarte von Mitteleuropa’ (verso). [Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres. Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen, (IV. Mil. Geo)], 1.8.1943. Large folding colour printed map. 1 : 1 000 000 (recto), surrounded by smaller maps: ‘Gebirgsbau und Hauptdurchgangslinien’, ‘Dauer der Schneedecke’. Provenance: Official ink stamps of the ‘Army Map Service’, Washington DC, “Captured Map”. 36. ‘Durchgangigkeit der Ostalpen Rundbilder der sudl. Grenzubergange Bildheft. Bearbeitet beim Stellv. Gen. Kdo. XVIII A.K., abt. La Mess-Mil-Geo. Abgeschloseen am 15. August, 1943’. Berling: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen (IV Mil-Geo), 1943. Oblong folio. 39 folding chromolithographic plates of the Alps, one with printed tissue overlay, folding colour printed map in pocket at end; original grey printed paper wrappers. Panoramic views of the Eastern Alps (eastern parts of Switzerland, Leichtenstein, Austria and Bavaria, showing the border crossings, and mountain passes, including the Brenner Pass, where Hitler and Mussolini met. The accompanying map references the plates.



The Mediterranean

VI GENERALSTAB DES HEERES ABTEILUNG FUR KRIEGSKARTEN UND VERMESSUNGSWESEN ‘Planheft’ and a collection of ‘Militargeographische’ packets for the Straits of Gibraltar, Italy, Spain and Portugal, and Malta. Publication Berlin, 12th December 1940 - 12th August 1944.

After the fall of France in June of 1940, German forces had control of French ports in the Bay of Biscay, providing them with U-Boat bases from which they could pursue objectives in the Mediterranean and the Atlantic Ocean. Successful navigation of the Straits of Gibraltar was vital to all these aims. Gibraltar remained a staunchly defended British fortress and harbour, throughout the war: a strategic naval and military outpost. Straits of Gibraltar 37. ‘Militargeographische Angaben uber Die Strasse von Gibraltar. Abgeschlossen am 12. Dezember 1940’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskaren und Vermessungswesen, 1940. Original buff printed slipcase, worn. Provenance: with the manuscript accession marks of the Bundesarchiv Militararchiv Amtsdrucksachen; and with the early accession stamps of the Pentagon Library, deaccessioned after 9/11. Contents: 1. ‘Militargeographische Angaben uber Die Strasse von Gibraltar’. 8vo., 54 pages of text, 2 folding maps, 23 pages of photographs; original cream printed paper wrappers. 2. ‘Strasse von Gibraltar’. Large folding colour printed map. 1 : 200 000. Road map. 3. ‘Halbinsel von Gibraltar’. Very large folding colour printed map. 1 : 10 000. Very large-scale map of the Straits of Gibraltar. 4. ‘Karte des von Gibraltar aus eingesehenen Gelandes’. Folding two-colour printed map. 1 : 50 000. Terrain map. Italy On the 3rd of December, 1943, an armistice was signed between Italy and the Allies. Immediately, the German army attacked, and occupied much of Italy. 38. ‘Planheft Italien. Vom 19. August 1944’. Berlin: Oberkommando des Heeres, 1944. Portfolio. 55 pages of text, 54 maps, most folding; original green printed paper boards, laced as issued, some rodent damage to dividers.



Northern Italy 39. ‘Ober-Italien Strassenharten und Stadtdurchfahrtplane. Juni 1940’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskaren und Vermessungswesen, 1940. Original blue printed stiff paper wallet. Contents: 1. ‘Ober-Italien Strassenubersicht und Strassenausbau Stand 1938’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 1 000 000. General topographical map, with emphasis on major roadways, of Northern Italy. 2. ‘Ober-Italien Strassekarte’. Large folding colour printed map, in 12 sheets. 1 : 200 000. Very large-scale route map of Northern Italy. 3. ‘Ober-Italien Stadtdurchfahrtplane’. Tall 8vo., 92 pages of colour printed town plans, some folding; original blue cloth covers. Italian Coastline 40. ‘Nautisch-Geographische Kustenbeschreibung der Halbindsel Italien (Entwurf ). Erganzung zu: Militargeographische uberlick uber die Halbinsel Italien; Bearbeitet von: Oberkommando der Kriegsmarine Amtsgruppe Nautik Nautishc-Wissenschaftliche Abteilung (Mar Geo). Abgeschlossen 15. Juli 1943’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten u. Vermessungswesen (IV Mil Geo), 1943. Folio. 82 leaves of text and tables; original red printed paper wrappers. Provenance: With the ink library stamp of the Heringen Collection; with the shelfmarks and library labels of the Pentagon Library, deaccessioned after 9/11. Spain and Portugal At the end of the Spanish Civil War, in 1939, in which General Franco had been supported by German forces, Spain and Portugal signed a non-aggression treaty. This treaty, and subsequent protocols signed after the fall of France in 1940, helped maintain Spanish neutrality during WWII. Had the treaty not been effective, then Germany would almost certainly have prevailed in the Iberian Peninsula, followed shortly by North Africa. 41. ‘Planheft Spanien und Portugal Vom 28. September 1943’. Berlin: Oberkommando des Heeres, 1943. Portfolio. 54 pages of text, 49 key maps, some folding; original green paper boards, tied as issued. Provenance: ink stamped as ‘received’ in German on the title-page; with the official ink stamps of the ‘Directorate of the Military Survey Research Section’, on the front cover. 42. [‘Militargeographische Studie uber Spanien und Portugal (Iberische Halbinsel). Abgeschlossen am 10 Dezember 1940. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskaren und Vermessungswesen, 1940]. Lacking wallet.



Contents: 3. ‘... Bildheft Spanien’. Oblong 8vo., 145 pages of photographs; original cream printed paper wrappers. 4. ‘... Bildheft Portugal’. Oblong 8vo., 98 pages of photographs; original cream printed paper wrappers. 5. ‘Ubersichtskarte von Spanien & Portugal’. Large folding colour printed map. 1 : 2 500 000. 6. ‘Spanien u. Portugal: Land- u. Fortstwirtschaft und Fischeri. XII. 1940’. Large folding colour printed map. 1 : 1 500 000. 7. ‘Spanien u. Portugal: Industrie u. Lagerstatten. XII. 1940’. Large folding colour printed map. 1 : 1 500 000. 8. ‘Spanien und Portugal: Elektrizitatswirtschaft’. Large folding two-colour printed map. 1 : 2 500 000. 11. ‘Eisenbahnkarte von Portugal’. Folding two-colour printed map. 1 : 1 500 000. MAPPE A – Presumed first edition 43. [‘Militargeographische Studie uber Spanien und Portugal (Iberische Halbinsel). Abgeschlossen am 20. Januar 1941. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskaren und Vermessungswesen, 1941]. Lacking wallet. Contents: 2. ‘... Ortsverzeichnisse’. 8vo., 135 pages of text; original cream printed paper wrappers. 9. ‘Eisenbahnkarte von Spanien und Portugal’. Large folding two-colour printed map. 1 : 2 500 000. 10. ‘... Stations- und Streckenverzeichnis der Spanischen Eisenbahnen’. 8vo., 84 pages of text; original cream printed paper wrappers. List of stations and Spanish railways. MAPPE A – Presumed second edition 44. ‘Militargeographische Studie uber Spanien und Portugal (Iberische Halbinsel). Stations- und Streckenverzeichnis der Spanischen Eisenbahnen. Abgeschlossen am 30. Januar 1941. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskaren und Vermessungswesen, 1941. Original buff printed stiff paper wallet, worn with loss and browned. Provenance: with the ink stamp of the Third Reich on the front cover. Contents: 1. ‘...Textheft’. 8vo., 93 pages of text, one folding map; original cream printed paper wrappers.



MAPPE B 45. ‘Militargeographische Studie uber Spanien und Portugal (Iberische Halbinsel) Vorlaufige Ausgabe. Abgeschlossen am 8. November 1940’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskaren und Vermessungswesen, 1940. Original buff printed stiff paper slipcase, worn. Contents: 1. ‘Spanien und Portugal. Strassenkarte in 14 Blatte’. Large folding colour printed map in 14 sheets. 1 : 400 000. Road map of Spain and Portugal. 2. ‘Stadtdurchfahrtplane Spanien und Portugal (Iberische Halbinsel)’. 8vo., 137 colour printed town plans; original buff printed paper wrappers. 3. ‘Strassenzustandskarte von Portugal (Stand vom Sommer 1940)’. Large folding colour printed map. 1 : 900 000. Road map of Portugal. Malta 46. ‘Militargeographische Angaben uber Malta abgeschlossen am 20. Marz 1941’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskaren und Vermessungswesen, 1941. Original buff printed stiff paper slipcase, worn. Provenance: with the ink library stamps, shelfmarks and other notes, of the United States Air Force Aeronautical Chart and Information Center Technical Library. Contents: 1. ‘... Textheft mit Bildanhang’. 8vo., 18 pages of text, 23 pages of photographs; original cream printed paper wrappers. 2. Malta and Gozo. MISSING 3. ‘Karte von Malta mit Mil.- Geo.- Angaben’. Large folding colour printed map with over-printing. 1 : 25 000, torn. During WWII, Malta, along with Gibraltar, was at the centre of Britain’s strategic naval position: it had been the base of the Mediterranean fleet for nearly 150 years. As a result, the island came under relentless attack from the air, by both Luftwaffe and the Italian Air Force. From December 1941 to December 1942 German bombers lay siege to Malta, targeting the island and supply convoys. Nevertheless, the Allies were able to launch successful amphibious landings to North Africa (November 1942), Sicily ( July 1943) and mainland Italy (September 1943), from their base in Malta.



The North African Campaign

VII GENERALSTAB DES HEERES ABTEILUNG FUR KRIEGSKARTEN UND VERMESSUNGSWESEN The ‘Planheft’ and a collection of ‘Militargeographische’ packets for Northeast Africa, Libya, Algeria, Morocco, Dakar, Tunisia, and Egypt. Publication Berlin, 28th November, 1940 – 5th January 1944.

Campaigns waged in North Africa from 1940 to 1943, centred around which power would control the Suez Canal, and therefore the supply of oil from the Middleast. From 1934, Italy had controlled what is now modern Libya and Ethiopia in Africa. Once Italy had aligned itself with the Axis powers, shortly before German troops entered Paris in June of 1940, a naval conflict in the Mediterranean became a certainty, and a land battle in North Africa, likely. The North African campaign included: the Western Desert Campaign, or Desert War, fought in the Libyan and Egyptian deserts; Operation Torch, fought in Vichy French governed Algeria and Morocco; and the Tunisia Campaign, in Vichy governed Tunisia. Northeast Africa 47. ‘Planheft Frankreich und Franzosisch-Nordafrika. Vom 5. Januar 1943’. Berlin: Oberkommando des Heeres, 5th Januar, 1944. Portfolio. 82 pages of text, 63 two-colour printed maps, some folding; original green printed cloth and paper boards, laced as issued, waterstained. 48. ‘Militargeographische Beschreibung von Nordost-Afrika. Abgesxhlossen am 28. November 1940’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heers Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen, (IV. Mil.-Geo), 1940. Original orange printed stiff paper wallet, worn with loss. Provenance: with the ink library stamp of the Bundesarchiv Militararchiv Amtsdrucksachen and their manuscript accession marks; and with the early accession and deaccession stamps of the Pentagon Library “Captured Map”, deaccessioned after 9/11. Contents: 1. ‘... Text- und Bildheft’. 8vo., 158 pages of text, 12 folding maps, 138 pages of photographs; original orange printed paper wrappers. 2. ‘Cairo’. Large folding colour printed map. 1 : 25 000. City plan. 3. ‘Stadtplan von Alexandria’. Large folding colour printed map, waterstained. 1 : 15 000. Large-scale city plan. 4. ‘Stadtplan von Port Said und Port Fouad’. 1 : 5000. Large-scale plan of the port. 5. ‘Stadtplan von Beni Suef ’. 1 : 5000. Large-scale town plan. 6. ‘Stadtplan von Qena’. 1 : 5000. Large-scale town plan. 7. ‘Stadtplan von Zagazig’. 1 : 5000. Large-scale town plan.



49. [‘Militargeographische Beschreibung von Nordost-Afrika. Abgesxhlossen am 28. November 1940’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heers Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen, (IV. Mil.-Geo), 1940]. Lacking wallet. Contents: 1. ‘...Text- und Bildheft’ - not present. 2. ‘Cairo’. Large folding colour printed map. 1 : 25 000. City plan. 3. ‘Stadtplan von Alexandria’. Large folding colour printed map, waterstained. 1 : 15 000. Large-scale city plan. 4. ‘Stadtplan von Port Said und Port Fouad’. 1 : 5000. Large-scale plan of the port. 5. ‘Stadplan von Beni Suef ’. 1 : 5000. Large-scale town plan. Not present. 6. ‘Stadtplan von Qena’. 1 : 5000. Large-scale town plan. 7. ‘Stadtplan von Zagazig’. 1 : 5000. Large-scale town plan. Libya not present. 50. ‘Entwurf. Militargeographische Beschreibung von Libyen. Abgeschlossen am 29. Januar 1941’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heers Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen, (IV. Mil.-Geo), 1941. Original tan stiff paper wallet. Provenance: with the near-contemporary ink stamp of Rigo Naeske, Berlin, throughout. Contents: 1. ‘Entwurf. Militargeographische Beschreibung von Libyen’. 8vo., 91 pages of text, 96 pages of photographs, 10 folding maps; original cream printed paper wrappers. 2. ‘Libyen’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 3 000 000. General topographical map. 3. ‘Verkehrskarte von Nord-Libyen’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 2 000 000. Route-map. 4. ‘Kufra’. Large folding colour printed map of the Kufra Oasis. 1 : 100 000. 5. Extra-illustrated with ‘Zusammendruck Libyen’. January, 1942. Large folding uncoloured map of Libya. From their base in Libya, Italy invaded western Egypt in 1940. By 1941, the British army succeeded in pushing the Italian troops back across the EgyptianLibyan border. Germany responded by sending Rommel (“The Desert Fox”), and what became known as the Afrika Korps, to push the Allies east, allowing Libya’s borders to expand to cover most of the Western Desert.



Tunisia 51. ‘Militargeographische Beschreibung von Tunis. Abgeschlossen am 10. Oktober 1941’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heers Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen, (IV. Mil.-Geo), 1941. Original tan stiff paper slipcase. Contents: 1. ‘... Text- und Bildheft’. 8vo., 148 pages of text, one folding map, 64 pages of photographs; original yellow printed paper wrappers. 2. ‘Tunis – SFAX’. Large folding colour printed map. 1 : 1 000 000. General topographical map. 3. ‘Verkehrskarte von Tunis’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 1 000 000. Route-map. 4. ‘Stadtplan Tunis’ (recto) – ‘Umgebung Tunis’ (verso). Large folding colour printed map on each side of the sheet. Large-scale detailed town-plan of Tunis on one side, and environs and coastal approaches on the other. 5. Not present - leaflet showing transit plans. On the 17th of November, 1942, Italian Libya expanded into French Tunisia. Eventually, in February of 1943, the Axis powers abandoned Libya altogether, consolidating their combined strength into Tunisia for a final defence of their North African campaign. Algeria 52. ‘Entwurf. Militargeographische Angagen uber Algerien. Abgeschlossen am 10.XI. 1942’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heers Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen, 1942. Original tan printed stiff paper slipcase. Contents: 1. ‘...Textheft’. 8vo., 142 pages of text, 9 folding maps; original tan printed paper wrappers. 2. ‘... Ortsbeschreibungen’. 8vo., 42 pages of text with inset town plans; original tan printed paper wrappers. 3. ‘... Bildheft’. Oblong 8vo., 112 pages of photographs; original tan printed paper wrappers. 4. ‘Ubersichtskarte Nord-Algerien’. Large folding colour printed map. 1 : 2 000 000. Topographical map. 5. ‘Strassenkarte von Algerien’. Large folding colour printed map. 1 : 2 000 000. Roadmap. 6. ‘Verkehrswege durch die mittlere Sahara’. Large folding colour printed map. 1 : 4 000 000. Route map, with wells and airfields marked. 7. ‘Mil.-Geo.-Plan von Algier’. Large folding colour printed map, with overprinting. 1 : 10 000. Large-scale detailed town plan of Algiers and environs. 8. ‘Mil.-Geo.-Plan von Oran’. Large folding colour printed map, with overprinting. 1 : 10 000. Large-scale detailed town plan of Oran and environs.



9. ‘Mil.-Geo.-Plan von Constantine’. Large folding colour printed map, with overprinting. 1 : 10 000. Large-scale detailed town plan of Constantine and environs. 10. ‘Mil.-Geo.-Plan von Sidi-bel-Abbes’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 10 000. Large-scale detailed town plan of Sidi-bel-Abbes and environs. Algeria was the centre of French power in North Africa, and once France had succumbed to Germany in June of 1940, part of the French State, the unoccupied “Free Zone” of Vichy France. Morocco 53. ‘Entwurf. Militargeographische Angaben uber Marokko. Abgeschlossen am 20. VII. 1942’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heers Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen, 1942. Original tan printed stiff paper slipcase. Contents: 1. ‘... Textheft’. 8vo., 157 pages of text, one folding map; original tan printed paper wrappers. 2. ‘... Bildheft’. Oblong 8vo., 146 pages of photographs; original tan printed paper wrappers. 3. ‘... Ortsbeschreibungen’. 8vo., 47 pages of text with inset town-plans. 4. ‘Marokko’. Large folding colour printed map. 1 : 2 000 000. General topographical map of Morocco. 5. ‘Strassenkarte von Marokko’. Large folding colour printed map. 1 : 1 000 000. Route-map. 6. ‘Mil.-Geo.-Plan von Casablanca’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 10 000. 7. ‘Mil.-Geo.-Plan von Rabat-Sale’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 10 000. 8. ‘Mil.-Geo.-Plan von Port-Lyautey u. Mehdia’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 10 000. 9. ‘Mil.-Geo.-Plan von Meknes’. Large folding colour printed map, with overprinting. 1 : 10 000. 10. ‘Mil.-Geo.-Plan von Fez’. Large folding colour printed map, with overprinting. 1 : 10 000. 11. ‘Mil.-Geo.-Plan von Marrakech’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 10 000. 54. ‘Entwurf. Militargeographische Angaben uber Marokko. Abgeschlossen am 20. VII. 1942’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heers Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen, 1942. Original tan printed stiff paper slipcase, worn. Provenance: library stamps erased from front cover. Contents: 1. ‘... Textheft’. 8vo., 153 pages of text, one folding map; original tan printed paper wrappers. 2. ‘... Bildheft’. Oblong 8vo., 146 pages of photographs; original tan printed paper wrappers. 3. ‘... Ortsbeschreibungen’. 8vo., 47 pages of text with inset town-plans.



4. ‘Marokko’. Large folding colour printed map, library stamp excised, separations at folds. 1 : 2 000 000. General topographical map of Morocco,. 5. ‘Strassenkarte von Marokko’. Large folding colour printed map, library stamp excised. 1 : 1 000 000. Route-map. Operation Torch, the American and British invasion of French North Africa, began on the 8th of November, 1942. Initially the Vichy forces resisted the Allied troops, but two days later, most were supporting the effort to remove German and Italian forces from North Africa. Dakar – Second edition 55. ‘Entwurf. Militargeographische Angaben uber Dakar und sein Hinterland (Senegal und Gambia). 2. Ausgabe. Abgeschlossen am 31. Januar 1942 mit einen Nachtrag vom November 1942’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heers Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen, 1942. Original tan printed stiff paper slipcase. Provenance: with the ink library stamp of the Bundesarchiv Militararchiv Amtsdrucksachen and their manuscript accession marks. Contents: 1. ‘... Text- und Bildheft’. 8vo., 160 leaves of text, one folding map, 21 pages of photographs; original tan printed paper wrappers. 2. ‘Senegal und Gambia’. Large folding colour printed map. 1 : 1 000 000. General topographical map. 3. ‘Gewasser und Brunnen im Hinterland von Dakar’. Large folding two-colour printed map. 1 : 500 000. Showing wells, waterways and springs. 4. Not present - Dakar. 5. ‘Umgebungsplan von Dakar mit Mil.-Geo. –Objekten’. Large folding lithographed map with over-printing. 1 : 25 000. Large-scale map of Dakar and environs, showing military placements. 6. Not present - St. Louis. The Vichy government held strategic port of Dakar, now Senegal, was the scene of a bitter battle for control between British and French in the days between the 23rd and 25th of September, 1940. The French prevailed, until the Allied invasion of North Africa in November of 1942.


Egypt 56. ‘Umgesbungsplan von Alexandrien mit Mil.-Geo. -Objekten’ recto; ‘Stadplan von Alexandrien...’, verso, ‘...Anlage zu: Militargeographische Angaben uber Agypten...Ausgabe Nr. 2, Stand: 1941’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heers Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen, (IV. Mil.-Geo), 1941. Large folding colour printed maps, with over-printing. Supplement maps of Alexandria, for the ‘Mil.- Geo.-’ packets of Egypt. 57. ‘Militargeographische Angaben uber Agypten. Abgeschlossen am 20. Juni 1942’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heers Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen, (IV. Mil.-Geo), 1942. Original orange printed stiff paper wallet. Provenance: with the ink library stamp of the ‘Mil Geo A Bibliothek’ throughout. Contents: 1. ‘...Textheft’. 8vo., 195 leaves of text with inset maps, 5 folding maps; original orange printed paper wrappers. 2. ‘... Bildheft’. Oblong 8vo., 172 pages of photographs, including 5 in colour. 3. ‘Agypten’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 2 000 000. General topographical map. 4. ‘Befahrbarkeitskarte’. Large folding colour printed map on two sheets, ‘Marsa Matruh’ and ‘Kairo’. 1 : 500 000. Terrain and route maps. 5. ‘Karte der wichtigsten Kanal- und Flussubergange in Agypten’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing, on three sheets, ‘Kairo’, Assiut’ and ‘Keno’. 6. Extra-illustrated with ‘Stadtplan von Port Said und Port Fouad’. 1 : 5000. Large-scale plan of the port. With the ink stamps of the Third Reich and other official departmental stamps, issued with ‘Nordost-Afrika’ in 1940. Egypt accommodated British troops during WWII, based on their treaty of 1936, which enabled them to defend the Suez Canal, but remained relatively neutral until 1945, when King Faruk finally declared war on Germany and Japan.


The Middle East – Operation Exporter

VIII

GENERALSTAB DES HEERES ABTEILUNG FUR KRIEGSKARTEN UND VERMESSUNGSWESEN A collection of ‘Militargeographische’ packets for Turkey, Syria, Iraq, Palestine, Transjordan, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and the Sinai Peninsula. Publication Berlin, 20th December 1940 - 1st August 1943.

The Middle-Eastern Front The “campaign in the Mediterranean and Middle East was one of the most complex, interrelated, extensive, and certainly most enduring theatres of [WWII]” (Niall Barr for OED). Once the Italian army aligned with Germany, and then initiated hostilities in the region in June 1940 by invading Egypt from their Libyan territories, conflict ensued over an extensive area, including not just Libya and Egypt, but French North Africa, as well as shorter, distinct campaigns in Syria, Iraq, and Ethiopia. By February of 1943, the British Commonwealth Eight Army crossed from Libya into Tunisia, taking control of the region until the end of the War. 58. ‘Planheft Borderasien einschliesslich des 1. und 2. Nachtrages. Stand: 1. 9. 1942’. Berlin: Im Austrage der Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen im Generalstab des Heeres bearbeitet von der Heeresplankammer, 1942. Folio. 80 pages of text, 33 mostly folding maps; original buff printed paper folder, pages held together with metal clasp, as issued. Provenance: with the early official ink stamps of an American military library, “spare”. 59. ‘Anleisung fur ben Gebrauch der Karten und Festpunktverzeichnisse als Gchiessunterlagen in Borderasien und Agypten Vademecum Vorderasien. 1. Auslage’. [Berlin]: Oberkommando des Heeres Gen Std H Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen (III), 1942. Folio. 64 pages of text, including 24 maps, some folding; original green printed paper boards. First edition. Instructions for using maps related to Egypt and the Middle-east.



60. ‘Militargeographische Ubersicht uber den Vorderen Orient. Abgeschlossen am 31. Marz 1941’. Berlin, Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen (IV. Mil.-Geo.), 1941. Original grey printed stiff paper wallet. Contents: 1. ‘... Textheft’. 8vo., 158 pages of text, 10 folding maps; original grey printed paper wrappers. 2. ‘... Bildheft’. Oblong 8vo., 243 pages of photographs; original grey printed paper wrappers. 3. ‘Vergleichende Zasammentstellung der verschiedenen Namensformen auf den Kartenwerken des Vorderen Orients (Sonderausgaben) Vorlaufige Ausgabe. Abgeschlossen am 31. Mai 1941’. 8vo., 39 pages of text; original grey printed paper wrappers. Comparative glossary of terms and place-names for the following maps. 4. ‘Vorderer Orient’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 4 000 000. General topographical map of the Middle-east. 5. ‘Vorderer Orient: Industrie’. Large folding two-colour printed map with extensive over-printing. 1 : 3 000 000. Showing locations of all kinds of industrial sites. 6. ‘Vorderer Orient: Bergbau’. Large folding two-colour printed map, with extensive over-printing. 1 : 3 000 000. Showing mining areas, including oilfields. 7. ‘Vorderer Orient: Verkehrsubersicht’. Large folding colour-printed map. 1 : 4 000 000. Route-map 8. ‘Vorderer Orient: Ubersicht uber Flugplatze’. Large folding lithographed map, with extensive over-printing. 1 : 3 000 000. Showing airfield locations. European Turkey Turkey held a vital strategic position during WWII, as a buffer state between Europe and the Middle-east; with both the Allied and Axis powers doing their best to bring Turkey into the war on their respective sides. Nevertheless, Turkey remained neutral until April 1944, when it declared war on the Axis powers. 61. ‘Militargeograpische Angaben uber die Europaische Turkei einschliesslich der Meergengen. Abgeschlossen am 20. December 1940’. Berlin, Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen (IV. Mil.-Geo.), 1940. Original grey printed stiff paper wallet. Contents: 1. [‘...Textheft mit Bildanhang’]. 8vo., 44 pages of text, 56 pages of photographs, 2 folding maps, 2 full-page maps; original grey printed paper wrappers. 2. ‘Ubersichtskarte der Europaischen Turkei einschliesslich der Meerengen mit Hervorhebung des Hauptstrassennetzes’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 500 000. General topographical map. 3. ‘Stadtplan von Istanbul mit Mil.-Geo.-Eintragungen’. 1 : 15 000. Large folding two-colour printed map, with over-printing. Large-scale city plan of Istanbul. 4. ‘Bosphorus. Ubersichtskarte mit Militargeographisches Eintragungen’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 100 000. 5. ‘Izmit und Umgebung mit Militargeographisches Eintragungen’. 1 : 100 000


62. ‘Turkei Ubersicht uber Strassen und Eisenbahnen... Abgeschlossen am 31. Januar 1941’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen (IV. Mil.-Geo.), 1941. Original printed stiff paper wallet. Provenance: with the ink library stamp of a Slovenian library. Contents: 1. ‘Ubersichtskarte der Strassen und Eisenbahnen’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing, on 2 mapsheets. Large-scale route map. 2. ‘... Textheft mit Bildanhang’. 8vo., 67 pages of text, 38 pages of photographs, 2 folding maps; original grey printed paper wrappers 2A. Duplicate of above 3. ‘Turkei Ubersicht uber Strassen und Eisenbahnen Heft Stadtdurchfahrtplane. Abgeschlossen am 20. Februar 1941’. 8vo., 1 full-page general map, 37 two-colour printed town plans, some folding; original grey printed cloth wrappers. 63. ‘Militargeograpische Angaben uber die Europaische Turkei einschliesslich der Meergengen. Abgeschlossen am 10. August 1941’. Berlin, Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen (IV. Mil.-Geo.), 1941. Original grey printed stiff paper wallet. Provenance: with the ink library stamp of the Padagogische Hochschule, Berlin, ie the Teacher Training College, of Berlin, throughout. Contents: 1. ‘... Textheft’. 8vo., 218 pages of text, 8 two-colour printed folding maps; original grey printed paper wrappers. 2. ‘... Bildheft’. Oblong 8vo., 243 pages of photographs; original grey printed paper wrappers. 3. ‘...Ortschaftsverzeichnis mit naheren Angabaen’. 8vo., 37 pages of text; original grey printed paper wrappers. Gazetteer. 4. ‘Turkei. Ubersichtskarte’. Large folding colour printed map. 1 : 2 000 000. General topographical map. 5. ‘Operationskarte der Turkei’. Large folding colour printed map. 1 : 2 000 000. Showing main towns, routes between, and industrial use. 6. ‘Turkei, Bevolkerungskarte’. Large folding two-colour printed map. 1 : 4 000 000. Showing population density. 7. ‘Turkei: Industrie und Bergbau’. Large folding two-colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 2 000 000. Showing location of industry and mining sites. 8. ‘Turkei, Fernsprech- und Telegraphenkarte sowie Funkstellen’. Large folding two-colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 2 000 000. Showing telephone and telegraph links, and radio stations. 9. ‘Turkei: Ubersicht uber Flugplatze’. Large folding uncoloured map, with overprinting. 1 : 3 000 000. Showing railways, main roads, and location of airfields. 10. ‘Stadtplan von Istanbul mit Mil.-Geo.- Eintragungen’. Large folding twocolour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 15 000. City plan of Istanbul, updated to May 1941.


11. ‘Stadtplan von Ankara’. Large two-colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 15 000. City plan of Ankara, updated to July 1941. 12. ‘Stadtplan von Izmit mit Mil.-Geo.-Eintragungen’. Large folding two-colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 8 000. City plan of Ankara. 13. ‘Stadtplan von Bursa mit Mil.-Geo.-Eintragungen’. Large folding two-colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 10 000. City plan of Bursa. 14. ‘Umgebungskarte von Izmir mit Mil.-Geo.-Eintragungen’. Large folding two-colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 40 000. Chart of the port of Smyrna. Syria Although Syria had formerly been a part of the Ottoman Empire, it sided with the Vichy French government after the fall of France in 1940. Nevertheless, German aircraft were given permission to refuel in Syria en-route to Persia and Iraq, in May of 1941, which the Allies had invaded. After this provocation, on the 8th of June, the Allies invaded Syria and Lebanon. After two-weeks of fierce fighting, Damascus came under Allied occupation. The success of the campaign was vital to ensure the security of Allied forces in Northern Africa. 64. ‘Militargeographische Angaben uber Syrien. Abgeschloseen am 15. Oktober 1941’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen (IV. Mil.-Geo.), 1941. Original grey printed stiff paper wallet. Contents: 1. ‘... Textheft’. 8vo., 115 pages of text, 9 folding maps; original grey printed paper wrappers. 2. ‘... Bildheft’. Oblong 8vo., 87 pages of photographs; original grey printed paper wrappers. 3. ‘Vorderer Orient’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 4 000 000. General topographical map of Syria. 4. ‘Syrien, Irak, Palastina, Transjordanien: Industrie-Olgewinnung’. Large folding two colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 3 000 000. The map includes all the countries listed in the title, although in the series title top left, every country apart from Syria has been officially redacted. Showing location of all types of industry, from glass manufacturers to munitions depots. 5. ‘Ubersicht uber Flugplatze in Syrien, Irak, Palastina, Transjordanien, Nordarabien’. Large folding two-colour printed map. 1 : 3 000 000. Showing airfields. The map includes all the countries listed in the title, although in the series title top left, every country apart from Syria has been officially redacted. 6. ‘Syrien’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 1 000 000. General topographical map, over-printed with road, rail and waterways, showing administrative divisions. 7. ‘Stadtplan von Aleppo (Halep)’. Large folding lithographed map, with extensive over-printing. 1 : 10 000. City plan of Aleppo with significant landmarks highlighted. 8. ‘Stadtplan von Beirut’. Large folding lithographed map, with extensive overprinting. 1 : 10 000. City plan with significant landmarks highlighted. 9. ‘Stadtplan von Damaskus (Damas)’. Large folding lithographed map, with extensive over-printing. 1 : 10 000. City plan with significant landmarks highlighted.


10. ‘Stadtplan von Deraa’. Large folding lithographed map, with extensive over-printing. 1 : 5 000. City plan with significant landmarks highlighted. 11. ‘Stadtplan von Hama’. Double-page lithographed map, with extensive overprinting. 1 : 25 000. City plan with significant landmarks highlighted. 12. ‘Stadtplan von Homs’. Large folding lithographed map, with extensive overprinting. 1 : 5 000. City plan of Aleppo with significant landmarks highlighted. 13. ‘Stadtplan von Latakia’. Large folding lithographed map, with extensive over-printing. 1 : 5 000. City plan with significant landmarks highlighted. 14. ‘Stadtplan von Palmyra (Tadmor)’. Large folding lithographed map, with extensive over-printing. 1 : 10 000. City plan with significant landmarks highlighted. 15. ‘Stadtplan von Said’. Double-page lithographed map, with extensive overprinting. 1 : 10 000. City plan of Aleppo with significant landmarks highlighted. 16. ‘Stadtplan von Tripoli-el Mina’. Large folding lithographed map, with extensive over-printing. 1 : 10 000. City plan with significant landmarks highlighted. Iraq - Second edition 65. ‘Entwurf (2. Ausgabe) Militargeographische Angaben uber den Irak. Abgeschlossen am 1. August 1943’. Berlin, Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen (IV. Mil.-Geo.), 1943. Original grey printed stiff paper wallet, worn. Contents: 1. ‘...Textheft’. Not present. 2. ‘... Bilheft’. Oblong 8vo., 80 pages of photographs. 3. ‘Irak’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 1 000 000. General topographical map. 4. ‘Syrien-Irak-Palastina-Transjordanien: Verkehrsubersicht’. Large folding colour printed map. 1 : 2 000 000. Showing major transport routes and administrative regions. 5. ‘Ubersicht uber Flugplatze in Syrien, Irak, Palastina, Transjordanien’. Large folding two-colour printed map. 1 : 3 000 000. Showing airfields and suitable landing places. Afghanistan 66. ‘Entwurf ! Militargeographische Angaben uber Afghanistan, die Britisch-Indische NW-Grenzprovinz und Baluchistan. Bildheft. Abgeschlossen am 31. ezember 1942’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen (IV. Mil.-Geo.), 1943. oblong 8vo., 156 pages of photographs; 8vo., original buff printed paper wrappers. Provenance: with the ink library stamps of the Technical College Brno, Moravia, throughout.


The War in the Air

IX

DER OBERBEFEHLSHAVER DER LUFTWAFFE A collection of ‘Orientierungsheft’ for the Mediterranean, North Africa and the Middle-east. Publication Berlin, June 1940 - March 1942.

The Luftwaffe first flexed their aerial prowess during the Spanish Civil War of 1936-1939: testing new aircraft and techniques. By the start of WWII German air power was supreme: quickly achieving victory in Poland in the east, and France in the west. However, it was defeated in the Battle of Britain in 1940, and failed to halt the Allied convoys sent to relieve Malta in 1941-1942. The Luftwaffe played a supporting role to the German army’s Afrika Korps in their Mediterranean and North African campaigns, briefly turning the tide of the Italian defeats in Greece and Egypt in late 1940. 67. ‘Europa u. Asien... Fliegerausgabe ... MittelMeergebiet’. [Berlin: Der Oberbefehlshaber der Luftwaffe. Fuhrungstabb, c1940]. Large folding colour printed map of the Mediterranean on a trapezoidal projection, over-printed with a flying grid, worn with loss. 68. ‘Orientierungsheft Griechenland unter besonderer Berucksichtigung der Fleigertruppe und Flakartillerie. Stand: 1 Juni 1940’. Berlin: Gedruckt in der Reichsdruckerei, 1940. Folio. 22 pages of text, 5 folding maps and 3 leaflets in pocket at end; original red printed paper wrappers. Provenance: contemporary German ownership inscription on front cover; manuscript accession marks of the Bundesarchiv Militararchiv Amtsdrucksachen; later ink stamp of the “Etat-Major de l’Armee de Terre Bibliotheque Vincennes: Service Historique”, cancelled. Contents: 1. ‘Karte v. Griechenland... Kriegsgliederung des Heeres. Stand v: 1.6.40’. Large folding lithographed map, with extensive over-printing. 1 : 1 000 000. Showing Greek army order of battle. 2. ‘Karte v. Griechenland... Standorte der Fliegertruppe. Stand v: 1.6.40’. Large folding lithographed map, with extensive over-printing. 1 : 1 000 000. Showing Greek airforce bases. 3. ‘Karte v. Griechenland... Fliegerbodenorganisation. Stand v: 1.6.40’. Large folding lithographed map, with extensive over-printing. 1 : 1 000 000. Showing aviation ground organisation. 4. ‘Karte v. Griechenland... Triebstoff-und Munistionslager, Rustungindustrie. Stand v: 1.6.40’. Large folding lithographed map, with extensive over-printing. 1 : 1 000 000. Showing munitions, fuel and defense industry. 5. ‘Karte v. Griechenland... Standorte der Flakartillerie. Stand v: 1.6.40’. Large folding lithographed map, with extensive over-printing. 1 : 1 000 000. Showing anti-aircraft installations. 6. ‘Ubersicht die griechischen Flugplatze...’. 5 leaves of folding letterpress tables outlining details of airfields in the region. 7. ‘Ausrustung mit Flugzeugen und ihre Leistungen’. Single leaf folding letterpress tables outlining aircraft equipment and capabilities. 8. ‘Leistungstabelle der Flugahwehr=Waffen’. Single leaf folding letterpress tables outlining anti-aircraft capabilities.



69. Volume I: ‘Orientierungsmappe Mittlerer Osten. Heft I. Allgemeine Angaben. Stand der Bearbeitung: 15 August, 1941’. Berlin: Der Oberbefehlshaber der Luftwaffe. Fuhrungstabb 1c, 1941. Folio. 32 pages of text, 2 full-page diagrams, 4 colour printed folding maps, 9 folding maps and 1 leaflet in pocket at end; original red printed paper wrappers. Marked “Pruf ”, number 1041. Contents: 1. ‘Physikalische Karte von Afrika und Westasien’. Large folding colour printed map. 1 : 10 000 000. Topographical map of southern Europe and Asia, the Mediterranean, and Africa. 2. ‘Vorderer Orient: Verkehrsubersicht’. Large folding two-colour printed map on blue paper. 1 : 4 000 000. Route map. 3. ‘Mittlerer Osten: Bevolkerungskarte’. Folding colour printed map. No scale. An overview of the Middle-east by ethnicity. 4. ‘Mittlerer Osten: Karte der Beduinenstamme’. Folding colour printed map. No Scale. An overview of the Arabian peninsula by tribe. 5. ‘Vermutete Verteilung der brit. Seestreitkrafte im Mittleren Osten. Stand: 15.8.41. nach Angaben von Ic/See’. Folding two-colour printed map, with over-printing. An overview of the Middle-east and south Asia, showing the suspected positions of British naval forces. 6. ‘Sudost-Europa und Mittlerer Osten... Vermutete britische Krafteverteilung 8.8.41...’. Large folding lithographed map with over-printing. Showing the suspected position of British troops in East Africa and the northwestern regions of the Arabian peninsula. 7. ‘Mittlerer Osten Ubersicht uber die Starke und Verteilung der Fliegerkrafte. Stand: 15.8.41’. Folding two-colour printed map, with extensive over-printing. 1 : 17 500 000. Showing position and strength of airforce. 8. ‘Persischen Golfs...”. Not present. 9. ‘Agypten. Zielgruppen 10, 12, 15, 20, 21, 45, 65. Stand: 15.7.41’ Large two-colour printed folding map, with extensive over-printing. Showing military targets. 10. ‘Erdolgebiete im Mittleren Osten’. Large folding lithographed map, with over-printing. 1 : 9 000 000. Showing Middle-eastern oil wells. 11. ‘Die Britische Wehrmacht im Mitteleren Osten (Heer, Kriegsmarine, Luftwaffe)’. Single leaf folding letterpress. Volume II: Not present 70. Volume III: ‘Orientierungsmappe Mittlerer Osten. Heft III. Iran (IR). Stand der Bearbeitung: 15 August, 1941’. Berlin: Der Oberbefehlshaber der Luftwaffe. Fuhrungstabb 1c, 1941. Folio. 14 pages of text, 3 folding maps and 2 leaflets in pocket at end; original red printed paper wrappers. Marked “Pruf ”, number 1041. Contents: 1. ‘Orientierungsmappe Mittlerer Osten. Heft III: Iran, Ubersichskarte... Persischer Golf ’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 4 000 000. Righthand margin extended with a section from a map of Asia. General topographical map of the region. 2. ‘Spitzengliederung der iranischen Wehrmacht’. Single leaf of letterpress, detailing the chain of Iranian command.


3. ‘Iran: Bodenorganisation’. Large folding two-colour printed map, with overprinting. 1 : 4 000 000, showing position of Iranian troops. 4. ‘Die wichtigsten Flugplatze des Iran’. 2 leaves of folding letterpress tables outlining the positions of Iranian airfields. 5. ‘Iran: Verkehrsubersicht’. Folding two-colour printed map. 1 : 4 000 000. Route-map. 71. Volume IV: ‘Orientierungsmappe Mittlerer Osten. Heft IV. Irak (IRQ). Stand der Bearbeitung: 15 August, 1941’. Berlin: Der Oberbefehlshaber der Luftwaffe. Fuhrungstabb 1c, 1941. Folio. 14 pages of text, 2 folding maps and 2 leaflets in pocket at end; original red printed paper wrappers. Marked “Pruf ”, number 1041. Contents: 1. ‘Orientierungsmappe Mittlerer Osten. Heft IV: Irak, Ubersichskarte... Persischer Golf ’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 4 000 000. General topographical map of the region. 2. ‘Irak: Eisenbahnkarte’. Folding two-colour printed map. 1 : 2 500 000. Route map. 3. ‘Alphabetisches Verzeichnis der Flugplatze des Irak’. 3 leaves of folding letterpress tables outlining the positions of Iraqi airfields. 4. ‘Hoheitszeichen der irakischen Kriegsflugzeuge’. Single leaf colour printed broadside, showing the markings on Iraqi military aircraft. 72. Volume V: ‘Orientierungsmappe Mittlerer Osten. Heft V. Syrien und Libanon (SL). Stand der Bearbeitung: 15 August, 1941’. Berlin: Der Oberbefehlshaber der Luftwaffe. Fuhrungstabb 1c, 1941. Folio. 12 pages of text, 2 folding maps and one table in pocket at end; original red printed paper wrappers. Marked “Pruf ”, number 1041. Contents: 1. ‘Persischer Golf ’. Large folding colour printed map, on a trapezoidal orientation. 1 : 4 000 000 2. ‘Syrien’. Folding two-colour printed map on blue paper. 1 : 2 500 000. Route map. 3. Town directory.


73. Volume VI: ‘Orientierungsmappe Mittlerer Osten. Heft VI. Palastina und Transjordanien (M). Stand der Bearbeitung: 15 August, 1941’. Berlin: Der Oberbefehlshaber der Luftwaffe. Fuhrungstabb 1c, 1941. Folio. 16 pages of text, 2 folding maps and 2 leaflets in pocket at end; original red printed paper wrappers. Marked “Pruf ”, number 1023. Contents: 1. ‘Orientierungsmappe Mittlerer Osten. Heft VI: Palastina und Transjordanien, Ubersichskarte’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 4 000 000. General topographical map of the region. 2. ‘Palastina –Transjordanien: Eisenbahnkarte’. Folding two-colour printed map. 1 : 2 500 000. Route-map 3. ‘Alphabetisches Verzeichnis der Flugplatze von Palastina und Transjordanien’. 2 leaves of folding letterpress tables outlining the positions of airfields in the region. 4. ‘Verzeichnis der Deutschen kirchlichen Institute und Einrichtungen in Palastina’. Single leaf of letterpress directory of German institutes and facilities in Palestine. 74. Volume VII: ‘Orientierungsmappe Mittlerer Osten. Heft VII. Die Lander der arabienschen halbinsel (Gaudisch=Arabien, Jemen, Aden, Aden=Protektorat, die Kustenstaaten des persischen Golfs). Stand der Bearbeitung: 1. Mars 1942’. Berlin: Der Oberbefehlshaber der Luftwaffe. Fuhrungstabb 1c, 1942. Folio. 31 pages of text, 7 folding maps and 2 leaflets in pocket at end; original red printed paper wrappers. Marked “Pruf ”, number 1041. Contents: 1a. ‘Orientierungsmappe Mittlerer Osten. Heft VII. Die Lander der arabienschen halbinsel... Persischer Golf ’. Large folding colour printed map on a trapezoidal projection. 1 : 4 000 000. General topographical map. 1b. ‘Orientierungsmappe Mittlerer Osten. Heft VII. Die Lander der arabienschen halbinsel... Golf von Aden’. Large folding colour printed map on a trapezoidal projection. 1 : 4 000 000. General topographical map. 2. ‘Arabische Halbinsel Vegetationskarte’. Folding two-colour printed map. Showing vegetation. 3. ‘Politische Ubersichteskarte der arab. Halbinsel’. Folding colour printed map. Showing areas of British influence and self-governance. 4. ‘Ubersichtsplan von Aden’. Large folding two-colour printed map. 1 : 31 680. Very large-scale map of the port of Aden. 5. ‘Die Wehrwichtigen Anglagen der Bahrein-Inseln’. Folding two-colour printed map of Bahrein. 6. ‘Arabische Halbinsel: Bodenorganisation (registrierte Flugplatze) Stand: 15.12.41’. Large folding two-colour printed map, with extensive-over-printing. 1 : 4 000 000. Showing troop positions and airfields. 7. ‘Flugklimatologie des Golfes von Oman...’, single leaf of letterpress. Detailing flying conditions over the Gulf of Oman. 8. ‘Flugklimatologie des Persischen Golfs...’. Single leaf of letterpress. Detailing flying conditions over the Persian Gulf.


75. Volume VIII: ‘Orientierungsmappe Mittlerer Osten. Heft VIII. Agypten (ET). Stand der Bearbeitung: 15. August 1941’. Berlin: Der Oberbefehlshaber der Luftwaffe. Fuhrungstabb 1c, 1941. Folio. 15 pages of text, 2 folding maps and 3 leaflets in pocket at end; original red printed paper wrappers. Marked “Pruf ”, number 1023. Contents: 1. ‘Orientierungsmappe Mittlerer Osten. Heft VIII. Agypten Ubersichteskarte... Nordost – Afrika’. Large folding colour printed map. 1 : 5 000 000. General topographical map. 2. ‘Agypten. Zielgruppen 10, 12, 15, 20, 21, 45, 65. Stand: 15.7.41’ Large two-colour printed folding map, with extensive over-printing. Showing military targets. 3. ‘Alphabetisches Verzeichnis der Flugplatze Agyptens’. 3 leaves of folding letterpress tables outlining the positions of airfields in the region. 4. ‘Hoheitszeichen der agyptischen Fliegertruppe’. Single leaf colour printed broadside, showing the markings on Egyptian military aircraft. 5. ‘Erwagungen fur die Operation motorisierter Krafte in der nordwestlichen Wuste. (Auszug aus einer englishchen Dienstvorschrift)’. 11 pages of text, self-wrappers. Feasibility study for motorized forces in Egypt, reprinted from a British document. 76. Volume IX: ‘OrientierungsmappeMittlerer Osten. Heft IX Zypern (CY). Stand der Bearbeitung: 1. September 1941’. [Berlin:] Der Oberfehlshaber der Luftwaffe Furhrungsstab 1c, 1941. Folio. 7 pages of text, 2 folding maps and 1 leaflet in pocket at end; original red printed paper wrappers. Marked “Pruf ”, number 1023. Contents: 1. ‘Orientierungsmappe Mittlerer Osten. Heft IX. Cypern, Ubersichskarte... Zypern’. Folding two-colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 500 000. Flying-grid over Cyprus. 2. ‘Zypern... Bodenorganisation’. Folding two-colour printed map, with overprinting. 1 : 500 000. Showing positions of ground-troops. 3. ‘Alphabetisches Verzeichnis der Flugplatze Agyptens’. Single leaf folding letterpress table outlining the positions of airfields in the region.


British Isles - Operation Sea Lion

X

GENERALSTAB DES HEERES ABTEILUNG FUR KRIEGSKARTEN UND VERMESSUNGSWESEN The ‘Planheft’ and a collection of ‘Militargeographische’ packets for Great Britain and London. Publication Berlin, 1st August, 1940 – 15th May, 1942.

British Isles On the 16th of July, 1940, roughly two weeks before the publication of the first document in this collection, Hitler issued a directive, ordering preparations for an invasion of Great Britain, and the aerial Battle of Britain began shortly thereafter, with the Luftwaffe attacking on RAF bases, shipping convoys, ports, factories and infrastructure; heavily defended by the RAF. From early September, German tactics shifted to the concentrated bombing of London, and other cities (Liverpool, Hull, Bristol, Cardiff, Clydebank, Portsmouth, Plymouth, Southampton, Swansea, Birmingham, Belfast, Coventry, Glasgow, Manchester and Sheffield), now known as the Blitz. Oxford and Cambridge were spared, apparently because Hitler wished to preserve their architecture. The Luftwaffe failed to gain the upper hand and the threat of a German invasion of Britain receded in December of 1940. 77. ‘Planhelft Grossbritannien’. Berlin: Im Aufträge der Abteilung für Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen im Generalstab des Heeres bearbeitet von der Heeresplankammer, 1940. Portfolio. 16 pages of text, 1 large folding index map, 17 full-page index maps, 3 colour printed town maps; original green printed stiff paper wrappers, stapled and sewn as issued. Provenance: Noted as received by a field officer [‘Vereinnahmt gemass Feldvorschriftenstelle...’] on the 3rd April 1944. 78. ‘Grossbritannien. List geographischer Eigennamen mit Angabe ihrer Aussprache – Signaturen, Schriftmuster und Abkurzungen auf englischen Karten’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen (IV. Mil.-Geo.), 15 August 1940. 8vo., 16 pages. Original buff printed paper wrappers. List of geographical names with an indication of their pronunciation, signatures , signature patterns and abbreviations in English. England 79. [‘Militargeographische Angaben uber England (London siehe auch Mappe B). Abgesschlossen am 1. August 1940’. Berlin: Generalstab es Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen. IV. Mil-Geo., 1940]. Lacking wallet. Contents: 1. ‘Textheft’. 8vo., 236 pages, 2 folding maps; original green printed paper wrappers, browned, lower cover detached. 2. ‘Textheft’ [duplicate example]. 8vo., 236 pages, 2 folding maps; original green printed paper wrappers. 3. ‘Bildheft England insgesamt’. 8vo., 174 pages of photographs.



MAPPE A – Second edition 80. ‘Militargeographische Angaben uber England (London siehe Mappe B). 2 Auglage. Abgeschlossen am 1. September 1940’. Berlin: Generalstab es Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen. IV. Mil-Geo., 1940. Original green printed stiff paper wallet. Provenance: with the contemporary official ink stamp assigning the wallet and contents to Ernst Martin ‘A.S.N. 32316955’. Contents: 1. ‘...: Textheft, 2. Auflage Abgeschlossen am 1. September 1940’ [Intelligence Book]. 8vo., 236 pages, 3 uncoloured folding maps, original green printed paper wrappers. 2. ‘...: Bildheft, England insgesamt London siehe Sonderheft in Mappe B. 2. Auflage. Abgeschlossen am 1. September 1940’. 8vo., 174 pages of photographs, aerial and coastal views, original green printed paper wrappers. 3. ‘Ubersichtskarte von Grossbritannien und Irland, 1: 1 000 000, mit Blattbereichseinteilung fur die Sonderkaete 1:100 000 und Stadteverzeichnis’. Large folding colour printed map. 4. ‘Militargeographische Operationskarte England, 1:500 000, Sudblatt (Sud- und Mittelengland). Large folding colour printed map, with overprinting. 5. ‘Grossbritannien und Irland, Eisenbahnnetz, 1:1000 000, mit Stationsverzeichnis auf der Ruckseite’. Large folding uncoloured map, with directory of stations on verso. 6. ‘Stationsverzeichnis zur Karte Grossbritannien und Irland... 2. Auflage. Abgeschlossen am 1. September 1940’. 8vo., 34 pages of text, original green printed paper wrappers. Directory of train stations. 7. ‘Grossbritannien, Fernverkehrsstrassen, 1:1 000 000’. Large folding colour printed map, with overprinting. Road map. 8. ‘Grossbritannien, Ubersicht der Gewasser, 1:1 000 000’. Large folding colour printed map, with overprinting. Showing waterways. 9. ‘Grossbritannien, und Irland, Funkstellen (Vorderseite); Fernsprech-und Telegraphennetz (Ruckseite), 1:1 000 000, Strand v. 1.9.40’. Large folding uncoloured map. Telephones and telegraph networks on recto; radio stations on verso. 10. ‘Elektrizitatsversorgung von England und Schottland, 1:1000000, mit Verzeichnis der Grosskraftwerke und ihrer Leistungsfahigkeit’. Large folding colour printed map. Showing electricity supply of England and Scotland, with a directory of the larger power stations and their performance ability on verso. 11. ‘England, Bevolkerungsverteilung, 1:1000 000’. Large folding colour printed map. Showing population density compared to German cities, updated from 1931. 12. ‘Stadtdurchfahrtplane England (ohne London). Abgeschlossen 30. Juni 1940’. 8vo., 117 town plans, printed in 2 colours, some folding, original grey printed paper wrappers. MAPPE A - Third edition 81. ‘...: Textheft, 3. Auflage. Abgeschlossen am 31. August 1941’ [Intelligence Book]. 8vo., 106 pages, 3 uncoloured folding maps, original green printed paper wrappers. Lacking wallet, and all but one part.



London MAPPE B: London - Presumed first edition 82. ‘Militargeographische Angaben uber England. London. (Allgemaine Angaben uber England siehe Mappe A). Abgeschlossen am 1. August 1940’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilund fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen (IV. Mil.-Geo.), 1940. Original green printed paper wallet. Contents: 1. ‘Texte- und Bildheft’. 8vo., 28 pages of text, 38 pages of photographs; original green printed paper wrappers, a bit browned. 2. ‘Verkehrsplan von London und Umgebung, 1: 50 000’. Large folding colour printed map. Road map of London and environs. 3. ‘Stadtplan von London, 1: 20 000, in 4 Blattern (mit Gauss-Kruger-Gitternetz)’. Large folding colour printed map on 4 sheets. Large-scale map of London. MAPPE B: London – Second edition 83. ‘Militargeographische Angaben uber England. London. (Allgemaine Angaben uber England siehe Mappe A). 2. Auflage. Abgeschlossen am 31. August 1941’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilund fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen (IV. Mil.-Geo.), 1941. Original green printed paper wallet. Provenance: with the contemporary official ink stamp assigning the wallet and contents to Ernst Martin ‘A.S.N. 32316955’. Contents: 1. ‘Texte- und Bildheft’. 8vo., 18 pages of text, 51 pages of photographs; original green printed paper wrappers. 2. ‘Verkehrsplan von London und Umgebung, 1: 50 000’. Large folding colour printed map. Road map of London and environs. 3. ‘Stadtplan von London, 1: 20 000, in 4 Blattern (mit Gauss-Kruger-Gitternetz)’. Large folding colour printed map on 4 sheets, now with potential TARGETS and key overprinted.



Coastal Britain MAPPE C: Coastal Description - Lacking wallet. 84. 1. ‘Militargeographische Angaben uber England. Sudkuste. Text- und Bildheft mit Kartenanlagen. Mit 1. Und 2. Nachtrag. Abgeschlossen am 15. August 1940. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen (IV. Mil.-Geo), 1940. Oblong 8vo., in excess of 400 photographs and 50 maps; original green printed paper wrappers. Provenance: Ink library stamps of the National Library of Technology, Prague, throughout. 85. 1A. ‘Militargeographische Angaben uber England Sudkuste. Nachtrag, abgeschlossen am 28. August 1940’. Berlin: Generalstab es Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen. IV. Mil-Geo., 1940. 2 parts: text [not found] and illustrations. Text: 8vo., 16 pages, original pale green printed paper wrappers (not found); illustrations: oblong 8vo., 31 pages of photographs, plain printed paper wrappers; large folding colour printed map ‘Beschaffenheit und Gliederung derEnglischen Sudkuste von Landsend bis Margate’. Provenance: with the ink library stamp of the ‘Army Map Service Map Library, CANCELLED’, 1947; subsequently the Pentagon library, deaccessioned after 9/11. 86. 2. ‘Militargeographische Angaben uber England Ostkuste (Nordlicher Teil vom Humber bis zum Firth of Tay). Text- und Bildheft mit Kartenanlagen. Abgeschlossen am 15. Oktober 1940’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen (IV. Mil.-Geo), 1941. Oblong 8vo., 130 photographs, 4 large folding maps, original green printed paper wrappers. Provenance: Purple ink library stamps of the National Library of Technology, Prague, 1946, throughout. 87. 3. ‘Militargeographische Angaben uber England / Schottland. Westkuste Nordlicher Teil. (Von Great Ormes Head bis Oban). Abgeschlossen am 28. Februar 1941’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten ud Vermessungswesen. (IV. Mil.-Geo), 1941. Oblong 8vo., 68 pages of text, 251 photos, 7 folding maps; original green printed paper wrappers. Provenance: Ink library stamps of the National Library of Technology, Prague, 1946, throughout.


Military Geographic single issue maps of England. 12 folders/wallets: Provenance: all but two from the National Library of Technology, Prague. Folder 1: The Border 88. ‘Militargeographische Einzelangaben uber England – Militargeographische Objektkarten mit Objektbildern. 1 The Border. Inhaltsangabe umseitig’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen (IV. Mil.-Geo.), 1942. Original green printed paper wallet. Provenance: with the ink library stamps of the National Library of Technology, Prague, dated 9.XII. 1946, throughout. Contents: 1. ‘The Border’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. Showing the Border country of Scotland and England 1:250,000. Sheet 1 The Border: comprehensive sheet areas (BB) 1, 2, 3 of the Map of England 1:100,000 2. 4 City plans: Large folding colour printed, with over printing. Carlisle BB 2a 1:10,000 Newcastle BB 3a, b, c 1:10,000 South Shields BB 3 Tos. Dr. 1:10,000 Sunderland BB 3 Tos. Dr. 1:10,000 3. ‘Objektbilder,... 15. Mai 1942’. Oblong 8vo., 3 pages of text, 42 pages of photographs; original green printed paper wrappers. Folder 2: North Royal Central Region 89. ‘Militargeographische Einzelangaben uber England – Militargeographische Objektkarten mit Objektbildern. 2 Nordliches Zentralgebiet. Inhaltsangabe umseitig’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen (IV. Mil.-Geo.), 1942. Original green printed paper wallet. Contents: 1. ‘Norliches Zentralgebiet’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. Showing the northwestern counties of England.1: 250,000. Sheet 2. North Royal Central Region comprehensive sheet areas (BB) 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12, 13 of the Map of England 1:100,000. 2. 5 City Plans on 10 sheets: Large folding colour printed, with over-printing. Barrow-in-Furness BB 8a, b 1:10,000 Preston BB 8c, d 1:10,000 Accrington BB 9e, f 1:10,000 Blackburn’ BB 9g, h 1:10,000 Keighley BB 9ae, af 1:10,000 3. ‘Objekbilder... 6 Mai 1942’. Oblong 8vo., 3 pages of text, 43 pages of photographs; original green printed paper wrappers.


Folder 3: North-East-England 90. ‘Militargeographische Einzelangaben uber England – Militargeographische Objektkarten mit Objektbildern. 3. Nordost-England. Inhaltsangabe umseitig’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen (IV. Mil.-Geo.), 1942. Original green printed paper wallet. Provenance: with the ink library stamps of the National Library of Technology, Prague, dated 9.XII. 1946, throughout. Contents: 1. ‘Nordost-England’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. Showing the counties of North-east England 1:250,000. Sheet 3. Comprehensive sheet areas (BB) 3, 6, 7, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14 of the Map of England 1:100,000 2. 3 City Plans on 6 sheets. Large folding colour printed, with over-printing: Middlesborough BB 6b, c, d, e 1:10,000 York BB 10 Tos. Dr. 1:10,000 Kingston upon Hull BB 10 Tos. Dr. 1:10,000 3. ‘Objektbilder,... 30. April 1942’. Oblong 8vo., 3 pages of text, 36 pages of photographs; original green printed paper wrappers. Folder 4: North Wales and Manchester 91. ‘Militargeographische Einzelangaben uber England – Militargeographische Objektkarten mit Objektbildern. 4. Nord-Wales und Manchester. Inhaltsangabe umseitig’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen (IV. Mil.-Geo.), 1942. Original green printed paper wallet, front cover detached, worn with minor loss. Provenance: with the ink library stamps of the National Library of Technology, Prague, dated 9.XII. 1946, throughout. Contents: 1. ‘Nord-Wales und Manchester’. Large folding colour printed map, with overprinting. Showing the counties of northeastern England 1: 250,000. Sheet 4, comprehensive sheet areas (BB) 11, 12, 13, 15, 16, 17, 21, 22, 23 The Map of England 1:100,000 2. 7 City Plans on 36 sheets. Large folding colour printed, with over-printing: Oldham BB 12 a, b, c, d 1:10,000 Manchester BB 12 e, f, g, h, 1, k, l, m, n, o, p, q, r, s 1:10,000 Bolton BB 12 t, u 1:10,000 Warrington BB 12 v, w, x, y 1:10,000 Liverpool BB 12 aa, ab, ac, ad, ae, af, ag, ah, ai 1:10,000 Wolverhampton BB 16 Tos. Dr. 1:10,000 Stoke on Trent BB 16 e, f 1:10,000 3. ‘Objektbilder,... 31 Marz 1942’. Oblong 8vo., 3 pages of text, 67 pages of photographs; original green printed paper wrappers.


Folder 6: North-Midlands 92. ‘Militargeographische Einzelangaben uber England – Militargeographische Objektkarten mit Objektbildern. 6. Nord-Midlands. Inhaltsangabe umseitig’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen (IV. Mil.-Geo.), 1942. Remains of original green printed paper wallet laid down on modern folder. Provenance: with the ink library stamps of the National Library of Technology, Prague, throughout. Contents: 1. ‘Nord-Midlands’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. Showing the counties of the northeastern Midlands, 1:250,000, Sheet 6. comprehensive sheet areas (BB) 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18 of the Map of England 1:100 000 2. 15 City Plans on 39 sheets. Large folding colour printed, with over-printing: Burnley BB 9 a, b, c, d 1:10,000 Halifax BB 9 i, k, 1, m 1:10,000 Bradford BB 9 n, o, p1:10,000 Leeds BB 9 q, r, s, t, u, v 1:10,000 Dewsburry-Batley BB 9 w, x 1:10,000 Wakefield BB 9 y, z 1:10,000 Huddersfield BB 9 aa, ab, ac, ad 1:10,000 Sheffield BB 13 a, b, c, d, e 1:10,000 Lincoln BB 14 Tos. Dr. 1:10,000 Grimsby BB 14 e, f 1:10,000 Nottingham BB 17 Tos. Druck 1:10,000 Derby BB 17 c, d, e 1:10,000 Leicester BB 17 f, g 1:10,000 3. ‘Objektbilder,... 12 Marz 1942’. Oblong 8vo., 3 pages of text, 63 pages of photographs; original green printed paper wrappers. Folder 7: South-Wales 93. ‘Militargeographische Einzelangaben uber England – Militargeographische Objektkarten mit Objektbildern. 7. Sud-Wales. Inhaltsangabe umseitig’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen (IV. Mil.-Geo.), 1941. Original green printed paper wallet. Provenance: with the ink library stamps of the National Library of Technology, Prague, throughout, dated 9.XII.1946. Contents: 1. ‘Sud-Wales’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. Showing Wales,1:250,000. Sheet 7, comprehensive sheet areas (BB) 15, 16, 20, 21, 22, 26, 27, 32 of the Map of England 1:100,000


2. 4 City Plans on 7 sheets. Large folding colour printed, with over-printing: Swansea BB 26 Tos. Dr. 1:10,000 Aberavon -Port Talbot BB 26 c, d 1:10,000 Newport BB 27 Tos. Dr. 1:10,000 Cardiff BB 32 a, b, c 1:10,000 3. ‘Objektbilder,... 30. November 1941’. Oblong 8vo., 3 pages of text, 37 pages of photographs; original green printed paper wrappers. Folder 8: Midlands 94. ‘Militargeographische Einzelangaben uber England – Militargeographische Objektkarten mit Objektbildern. 8. Midlands. Inhaltsangabe umseitig’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen (IV. Mil.-Geo.), 1941. Original green printed paper wallet. Provenance: with the ink library stamps of the National Library of Technology, Prague, throughout, dated 9.XII.1946. Contents: 1. ‘Midlands’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. Showing the Midlands. 1:250,000, Sheet 8. comprehensive sheet areas (BB) 16, 17, 18, 22, 23, 24, 27, 28, 29 of the Map of England 1:100,000 2. 8 City Plans on 28 sheets. Large folding colour printed, with over-printing: Walsall BB 17 h, i, k, 1 1:10,000 Dudley BB 22 a, b, c, d, e 1:10,000 Birmingham BB 23 a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, I 1:10,000 Coventry BB 23 Tos. Dr. 1:10,000 Rugby BB 23 m, n 1:10,000 Northhampton BB 23 Tos. Dr. 1:10,000 Gloucester BB 27 g, h, i, k 1:10,000 Oxford BB 28 Tos. Dr. 1:10,000 3. ‘Objektbilder,... 7 October 1941’. Oblong 8vo., 3 pages of text, 33 pages of photographs; original green printed paper wrappers.


Folder 9: East Anglia 95. ‘Militargeographische Einzelangaben uber England – Militargeographische Objektkarten mit Objektbildern. 9. Ost-Anglia. Inhaltsangabe umseitig’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen (IV. Mil.-Geo.), 1941. Original green printed paper wallet. Contents: 1. ‘Ost-Anglia’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. Showing East-Anglia. 1:250,000, Sheet 9. comprehensive sheet areas (BB) 18, 19, 24, 25, 29, 30, 34, 40 of the Map of England 1:100,000 2. City Plan. Large folding colour printed, with over-printing: Ipswich BB 25 Tos. Dr. 1:10,000 3. ‘Objektbilder,... 30 September 1941’. Oblong 8vo., 3 pages of text, 28 pages of photographs; original green printed paper wrappers. Folder 10: South-West-England 96. ‘Militargeographische Einzelangaben uber England – Militargeographische Objektkarten mit Objektbildern. 10. Sudwest-England. Inhaltsangabe umseitig’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen (IV. Mil.-Geo.), 1941. Original green printed paper wallet. Provenance: with the ink library stamps of the National Library of Technology, Prague, throughout, dated 9.XII.1946. Contents: 1. ‘Sudwest-England’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. Showing Cornwall and part of Devon. 1:250,000. Sheet 10 comprehensive sheet areas (BB) 31, 35, 36 of the Map of England 1:100,000 2. 3 City Plans. Large folding colour printed, with over-printing: Exeter BB 35 Tos. Dr. 1:10,000 Plymouth BB 36 Tos. Dr. 1:10,000 Torquay BB 36 Tos. Dr. 1:10,000 3. ‘Objektbilder,... 18 September 1941’. Oblong 8vo., 3 pages of text, 23 pages of photographs; original green printed paper wrappers. Photographic Intelligence Book.


Folder 11: South-England 97. ‘Militargeographische Einzelangaben uber England – Militargeographische Objektkarten mit Objektbildern. 11. Sud-England. Inhaltsangabe umseitig’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen (IV. Mil.-Geo.), 1941. Original green printed paper wallet. Provenance: with the ink library stamps of the National Library of Technology, Prague, throughout, dated 9.XII.1946. Contents: 1. ‘Sud-England’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. Showing Dorset. 1:250,000. Sheet 11. comprehensive sheet areas (BB) 27, 28, 32, 33, 37, 38 of the Map of England 1:100,000 2. 5 City Plans. Large folding colour printed, with over-printing: Bath BB 32 Tos. Dr. 1:10,000 Bristol BB 32 Tos. Dr. 1:10,000 Bournemouth BB 38 Tos. Dr. 1:10,000 Portsmouth BB 38 Tos. Dr. 1:10,000 Southampton BB 38 Tos. Dr. 1:10,000 3. ‘Objektbilder,... 5 October 1941’. Oblong 8vo., 3 pages of text, 33 pages of photographs; original green printed paper wrappers. Folder 12: South-East-England and London 98. ‘Militargeographische Einzelangaben uber England – Militargeographische Objektkarten mit Objektbildern. 12. Sudost-England und London. Inhaltsangabe umseitig’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen (IV. Mil.-Geo.), 1941. Original green printed paper wallet. Contents: 1. ‘Sudost-England’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. Showing the Home Counties. 1: 250,000. Sheet 12. comprehensive sheet areas (BB) 28, 29, 30, 33, 34, 38, 39, 40 of the Map of England 1:100,000 2. 4 City Plans: Reading - BB 33 Tos. Dr. 1:10,000 Brighton - BB 39 Tos. Dr. 1:10,000 Dover - BB 40 Tos. Dr. 1:10,000 Folkestone - BB 40 Tos. Dr. 1:10,000 3. ‘Objektbilder,... 2 October 1941’. Oblong 8vo., 3 pages of text, 62 pages of photographs; original green printed paper wrappers.



Ireland 99. ‘Militargeographische Angaben uber Irland. Abgeschlossen am 30. September 1940’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen (IV. Mil.-Geo.), 15 August 1940. Original green printed paper wallet, worn and repaired with tape. Provenance: 1. With the ink library stamp and mss accession number of the 6889th Berlin Documents Center. Contents: 1. ‘Militargeographische Studie ... Textheft’. 8vo., 78 pages of text, one large folding map; original green printed paper wrappers. 2. ‘... Bildheft’. Oblong 8vo., 121 pages of photographs, one folding map; original green printed paper wrappers. 3. ‘Ubersihtskarte von Irland 1:1000 000 mit Eintragung von Gelandeschwierigkeiten und der Hauptwirtschaftszentren’. Large folding colour printed map, with overprinting, and with general title on pasted slip. 4. ‘Irland: Kraftwerke, Hochspannungsleiteungen und Umformerstationen der elektrischen Stromversorgung’. Large folding uncoloured map, with general title on pasted slip. Showing high-voltage electric lines and sub-stations. 1 : 750,000 5. ‘Irland: Eisenbahnnetz mit Stationsverzeichnis 1:1 000 000’. Large folding uncoloured map. Showing the railroad network, and with directory of stations on the verso. 6. ‘Irland Funkstellen Fernsprech- und Telegrapennetz’. Large folding uncoloured map. Showing telephone, telegraph and radio networks and stations. l : 1 000 000. 7. ‘Irland: Strassenkarte mit Hervorhebung wichtigsten Gelandehindernisse’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing, on 2 sheets. Road and topographical map. 1: 316,800. 8. ‘Stadtdurchfahrtplane Irland...’. 8vo., 25 town plans printed in two colours, many folding; original grey printed limp cloth wrappers. 9. ‘Stadtplan von Dublin’. Large folding colour printed map. Showing Dublin. 1:10,000 with Military Geographic Registrations. 10. ‘Stadtplan von Belfast’. Large folding colour printed map. Showing Belfast. 1: 10,000 with Military Geographic Registrations.



100. ‘Militargeographische Angaben uber Irland. Sud- und Ostkuste (von Mizen Head bis Malin Head). Text- und Bildheft mit Kartenanlagen. Abgeschlossen am 31. Mai 1941’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten ud Vermessungswesen. (IV. Mil.-Geo), 1941. Oblong 8vo., 52 pages of text, 157 photos, 6 large folding maps; original green printed paper wrappers. Provenance: with the ink library stamps of the National Library of Technology, Prague, 1946, throughout. 101. ‘Militargeographische Angaben uber Irland. West- und Nordkuste (von Mizen Head bis Malin Head). Text- und Bildheft mit Kartenanlagen. Abgeschlossen am 15. Oktober 1941’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten ud Vermessungswesen. (IV. Mil.-Geo), 1941. Oblong 8vo., 54 pages of text, 176 photos, 4 large folding maps; original green printed paper wrappers. Provenance: with the ink library stamps of the National Library of Technology, Prague, 1946, throughout.



The Balkans Campaign

XI

GENERALSTAB DES HEERES ABTEILUNG FUR KRIEGSKARTEN UND VERMESSUNGSWESEN The ‘Planheft’ and a collection of ‘Militargeographische’ packets for the Southeastern Europe and the Balkan Peninsula. Publication Berlin, 15th May 1940 – 20th April 1944.

The Balkans Campaign began with the invasion of Greece by Italy on the 28th of October, 1940, and intensified dramatically on April 6th, 1941 when the German army, supported by Hungarian and Bulgarian forces, attacked Yugoslavia and Greece. For the next four years a “vicious partisan conflict... raged across the Balkans” (National Army Museum online). Danube Region and Balkan Peninsula 102. ‘Planheft Balkan’. Berlin: Im Aufträge der Abteilung für Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen im Generalstab des Heeres bearbeitet von der Heeresplankammer, 1940. Folio. 68 pages of text, 2 folding maps, 7 full-page maps; original green printed stiff paper boards, stapled and laced as issued. With Supplement II: ‘Nachtrag zum Planheft Balkan’, dated 20.IV.41, with 23 further maps, one or two folding, supplied in original wrap-around band. Provenance: With the shelfmarks and library labels of the Pentagon Library, deaccessioned after 9/11. 103. ‘Sudost-Europa. Donauraum und Balkanhalbinsel. Ein militargeographischer Uberlich. Abgeschlossen 15. Marz 1940’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen, 1940. Original green stiff printed paper wallet. Contents: 1. ‘Militargeographische Uberlich uber Sudost-Europa (Donauraum und Balkanhalbinsel). Abgeschlossen 15.3.1940’. 8vo., 295 pages of text; original green printed paper wrappers. 2. ‘Sudosteuropa... Nordblatt’. Large folding colour printed map. 1 : 1 000 000. Northern territories. 3. ‘Sudosteuropa... Sudblatt’. Large folding colour printed map. 1 : 1 000 000. Southern territories. 4. ‘Landschaftsgliederung...’. Large folding colour printed map. 1 : 3 000 000. Showing regional outlines, and with a gazetteer on verso. 5. ‘Die Volker des...’. Large folding colour printed map. 1 : 3 000 000. Showing population by ethnicity. 6. ‘Ubersicht der Kartenwerke’. Large folding map with over-printing. 1 : 3 000 000. Index map. 7. ‘Militargeographische Operationskarte... Norwestblatt’. Large folding colour printed map. 1 : 1 000 000. Showing military operations. 8. ‘Militargeographische Operationskarte... Sudostblatt’. Large folding colour printed map. 1 : 1 000 000. Showing military operations. 9. Railway map. Not present. 10. ‘Nachtrage zu Sudost-Europa Donauraum und Balkanhalbinsel. Ein militargeographischer Uberlich. Stand vom 1.12.1940’. Berlin: 1941. Small (8vo.,) portfolio. 6 loose leaves of text, dated 5th January 1941, large folding colour printed map ‘Ubersichtskarte von Rumanien (Grenzen am 30.8.1940)’, 3 folding tissue overlay maps; original green printed paper folder. Supplemental material, not called for.



Romania 104. ‘Landschaftsbilder Rumanien’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen, 1940. 8vo., 62 pages of photographs; original buff printed paper wrappers. Provenance: with the accession label and shelfmarks of the Pentagon library, deaccessioned after 9/11. Germany was dependent on Romania’s oilfields during WWII, and by November 1940, German troops were amassing in the south preparing for an attack on Greece through Bulgaria. Bulgaria 105. ‘Bulgarien. Allgemeine Angaben sowie Beschreibun der Hauptverbindungstrassen von der Donau uber die bulg. Griech. Grenze nach Nordgriechenland und zur bulg. Turk. Grenze’. [Berlin:] Generastab des Heeres O. Qu. IV. Abt. Fremde Heere Ost (I), December 1940. 8vo., 14 leaves of text, 3 folding maps in pockets; original red printed paper wrappers. Provenance: with the ink stamp of the Third Reich and other official stamps on the front cover and title-page. Contents: 1. ‘Strassenkarte Bulgarien. Anlage 1: “Die Hauptverbindungs Strassen Bulgariens”’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 600 000. General topographical map, showing the main routes between Belgrade, Sofia and Saloniki. 2. ‘Strassenkarte Bulgarien. Anlage 2 zu: “Die Hauptverbindungs Strassenbulgariens”’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 600 000. General topographical map, showing the main routes between Bucuresti (Bukarest) Plovdiv, and Istanbul. 3. ‘Kires-Karte Bulgarien. Anlage 3 zu: “Die Hauptverbindungs Strassen Bulgariens”’. Large folding uncoloured lithographed map. 1 : 1 000 000. Showing the main roads through Bulgaria. Bulgaria was initially a ‘neutral’ country at the onset of World War II. However, from March of 1941, she was forced into a pact with the Axis powers, which would allow the German army to march through to aid the Italians in their conquest of Greece.


Yugoslavia 106. ‘Militargeographische Beschreibung von Jugoslawien. Abgeschlossen 15. Juni 1940’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung für Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen (IV.Mil.Geo.), 1940. Original green printed stiff paper wallet. Provenance: with the ink stamp of the Third Reich, and a contemporary manuscript note recording receipt in German on the inside front cover; near contemporary ink library stamp of a Slovenian institution on the front cover. Contents: 1. ‘...Text- und Bildheft’. 8vo., 91 pages of text, 81 pages of photographs; original white printed paper wrappers. 2. ‘JugoslawienUbersicht und Landschaftsgliederung’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 1 000 000. General topographical map. 3. ‘Jugoslawien / Strassennetz’. Large folding colour printed map. 1 : 1 000 000. Showing the main roads. 4. ‘Jugoslawien / Eisenbahnnetz’. Large folding colour printed map. 1 : 1 000 000. Showing the rail network. 5. ‘Jugoslawien / Verwaltungseinteilung’. Large folding colour printed map. 1 : 1 000 000. Showing the administrative divisions. 6. ‘Jugoslawien Fernsprech – und – Telegraphen netz’. Large folding uncoloured map. 1 : 1 500 000. Showing the telephone and telegraph network. 7. ‘Jugoslawien: Volkliche Gliederung kerngebiete. Entworfen von Dr. Manfred Straka, Sudostdeutches Institut, Graz’. Large folding two-colour printed map. 1 : 1 500 000. Showing population by ethnicity. 8. ‘Jugoslawien: Volkliche Gliederung Mehrheitsgebiete unter besonderer Berucklichtigung des Deutschtums. Entworfen von Dr. Manfred Straka, Sudostdeutsches Institut, Graz’. Large folding colour printed map. 1 : 1 500 000. Showing population by ethnicity, but with an emphasis on German culture. 9. ‘Jugoslawien Verzeichnis der Ort mit deutscher Bevolferung in deutscher und jugoslawicher Ramensform. Mit einer Finfurhrung zur Karte Jugosalwien – Volfliche Verhaltnisse 1 : 1, 500 000’. Graz, Steirerdruct, Steirifche Universitatsdruchterei, 1940. 8vo., 38 pages of text and one folding map; original white printed paper wrappers. 10. ‘Stadtplan von Belgrad (mit Zemun)’. Large folding colour printed map – with over-printing. 1 : 15 000. City plan of Belgrade. 11. ‘Stadtdurchfahrten Jugoslawien’. Berlin: Gen.-Stab d. H.-Abt. T. Kriegskarten u. Vermessungswesen, Mai 1940. Large folding colour printed broadside with 18 town-plans; self-wrappers. The Kingdom of Yugoslavia was partitioned between Germany, Italy, Hungary and Bulgaria, after falling to the Axis forces in April of 1941.


Albania 107. ‘Einzeldarstellung der geographischen Bedingungen fur die Verteidgung der Kusten Albaniens mit anliegender Mil Geo-Karte 1 : 500 000. Oktober 1943. Gemeinsam bearbeitet von Generlstab des Heeres, Abt. Fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen (Iv. Mil Geo) und Oberkommando der Kriegsmarine, Amtsgruppe Nautik, Nautisch-Wissenschaftliche Abt. (Mar Geo)’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres, Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen (IV. MilGeo), 1943. Folio, 32 pages of text, one large folding colour printed map, with over-printing in pocket at end; original red cloth backed red stiff printed paper boards. Map: ‘Albanien Kuste u. Hinterland. 3. Ausgabe Stand: Dezember 1943’. 1 : 200 000. Reduced from a larger map of Yugoslavia. In April of 1939, Albania was invaded by Mussolini’s army, and became part of his Italian Empire. Once Italy aligned with the Allies, in September of 1943, German military forces moved into Albania and it came under German occupation. Greece 108. ‘Militargeographische Beschreibung von Griechenland (ohne Nordost-Griechenland). Abgeschlossen am 31. Marz 1941’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen (IV. Mil-Geo.), 1941. Original green printed stiff paper wallet. Contents: 1. ‘...Textheft’. Not present. 2. ‘...Bildheft’. Oblong 8vo., 189 pages of photographs; original green printed paper wrappers. 3. ‘Sudosteuropa... Sudblatt’. Large folding colour printed map. 1 : 1 000 000. Southern territories. 4. ‘Fernsprech- und Telegraphennetz’. Large folding uncoloured map. 1 : 800 000. Showing electricity and telegraph lines. 5. ‘Strassenkarte von Griechenland’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 600 000. Large-scale roadmap. 6. ‘Stadtplan von Athen’. Large folding two-colour printed city plan. 1 : 10 000. Athens. 7. ‘Mil.-Geo.-Plan von Piraus’. Large folding two-colour printed city plan, with overprinting. 1 : 10 000. The port of Piraeus with strategic buildings marked. 109. ‘Militargeographische Beschreibung von Nordost-Griechenland (Ebene von Saloniki bis Maritzatal). Abgeschlossen am 20. Dezember 1940’. Berlin: Generlastab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen (IV. Mil. –Geo.) Contents: 1. [‘Textheft mit Bildanhang’]. 8vo., 60 pages of text, 48 pages of photographs, 8 folding maps, 7 full-page maps; original cream printed paper wrappers, stained. Single blue sheet letterpress ‘Berchtigung’, 10 January 1940, loosely inserted. 2. ‘Mittelbalkan’. Large folding colour printed map. 1 : 1 000 000. Greece. 3. ‘Strassenkarte...’. large folding colour printed map. 1 : 600 000. Centered on Bucarest. Second sheet not present. 4. ‘Stadtplan von Saloniki’. Large folding two-colour printed map. 1 : 10 000.


110. ‘Uberblick der militargeographischen Bedingungen fur die Verteidigung der Kusten Sudost-Europas Bildanhang. Juli 1943’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungwesen (IV Mil-Geo), 1943. Folio. 120 pages of photographs; original red printed paper wrappers, worn. Provenance: with remains the accession labels and shelfmarks of the Pentagon library, deaccessioned after 9/11. Images of the Greek and Albanian coast. 111. ‘Militargeographische Beschreibung von Griechenland (mit Makedonien un Westthrakien). Textheft. Abgeschlossen am 20. April 1944’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen (IV Mil Geo), 1944. Folio. 142 pages of text, 3 folding maps, large folding colour printed map, with over-printing, in pocket at end; original red printed paper wrappers. Map: ‘Landschaftsgliederung und Malariaverbreitung von Griechenland... Deutsche Heereskarte Ausgabe Nr. 2. Stand 29.2.44.’ Showing the spread and prevalence of malaria in Greece. 112. ‘Militargeographische Beschriebung von Griechenland (mit Makedonien und Westthrakien). Bildheft. Abgeschlossen am 20. April 1944’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen (IV Mil Geo), 1944. Folio. 248 pages of photographs. Provenance: library stamps removed from the front cover. Once Italy had annexed Albania, it set its sights firmly on Greece. Greek successes against Italian incursion, forced Germany’s hand and the army invaded Greece and Yugoslavia, through Romania and Bulgaria in April of 1941. Cyprus 113. ‘Militargeographische Angaben uber Zypern. Abgeschlossen am 10. Mai 1941’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen (IV Mil Geo), 1941. Original grey printed stiff paper slipcase, worn. Contents: 1. ‘...Textheft mit Bildanhang’. 8vo., 45 pages of text, 38 pages of photographs, 6 folding maps; original grey printed paper wrappers. 2. ‘Zypern’. Large folding colour printed map. 1 : 250 000. Cyprus. 3. ‘Seekarte von Zypern’. Large uncoloured folding chart. 1 : 325 000. Chart of the coastline of Cyprus. Cyprus remained a supporter of the Allied cause during WWII, particularly after the Italian and German invasions of Greece in 1940 and 1941. The island escaped invasion, becoming an important supply, training, naval and air base for the British and other Allied forces.


Russia - Operation Barbarossa

XII GENERALSTAB DES HEERES ABTEILUNG FUR KRIEGSKARTEN UND VERMESSUNGSWESEN The ‘Planheft’ and a collection of ‘Militargeographische’ packets for Russia. Publication Berlin and Warsaw, 1st March, 1941 – December, 1942.

On June 22, 1941, the German army began a three-pronged invasion of Russia. They reached the gates of Leningrad and Moscow, but, as with Napoleon before, superior forces, and the might of the Russian winter of 1941-1942, prevailed. Germany was now fighting of two fronts, a war that it could not win. 114. ‘Zeichenerklarung fur Russische Karten’. Warsaw: Bearbeite und herausgegeben im Auftrag Oberkommando des Heeres / Generalstab des Heeres Chef des KriegsKarten- und Vermessungswesens durch Kriegs-Karton- und Vermessungsamt, 1942. Folio. 40 pages, some colour printed; original brown printed paper wrappers. Key to maps of Russia. 115. ‘Planheft Russland. 2. Ausgabe’. Berlin: Im Aufträge der Abteilung für Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen im Generalstab des Heeres bearbeitet von der Heeresplankammer, 1.IX.1942. Portfolio. 47 colour printed maps, many folding, with accompanying explanatory text; original green printed paper boards, laced as issued. Provenance: With the ink library stamp of the Bundesarchiv Militararchiv Amtsdrucksachen, and their accession details in manuscript on the front cover. Western RUSSIA – Europaische Russland MAPPE A – Allgemeiner Überblick - Supplement only 116. ‘Anlage zu Mil.-Geo.-Angaben uber das Europaische Russland. Mappe A: Allgemeiner Uberlick vom 1. Marz 1941. Grosse Kartenskizzen zum Textheft’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abt. F. Kr. K. u. Verm. W., March 1941. Original buff printed paper chemise. Provenance: chemise with near contemporary inscription in German on the inside front cover, as having been received on the 30th April, 1943; with the ink library stamps of the ‘Army Map Service Library’, dated 1947; and of the Heringen Collection. Contents: 1. ‘Europaische Russland: Bodenarten’. Large folding uncoloured map. Showing geology for the whole of western Russia. 2. ‘Europaische Russland: Bewachsung’. Large folding uncoloured map. Showing groundcover for the whole of western Russia. 3. ‘Funkstellen (Ubersicht) UdSSR (europaischer Teil). Large folding uncoloured map. Showing radio and telephone signal stations across the whole of western Russia, and their range. 4. Not present. 5. ‘Europaische Russland Bodenorganisation der sowjetrussischen Fliedgertruppe (Ubersicht)’. Large folding uncoloured map. 1: 3 300 000. General map showing the Russian airforce positions as of December 1940. 6. ‘Europaische Russland Industrie’. Large folding two-colour printed map. Showing positions and types of industry throughout western Russia. 7. ‘Europaische Russland: Kraftwerke’. Large folding uncoloured map. Showing positions of powerplants. 8. ‘Dicht der Landlichen Bevolkerung zu Kapitel’. Folding uncoloured map. Showing rural population density throughout western Russia.



MAPPE B - Baltic 117. ‘Militargeographishce Angaben uber das Europaische Russland. Mappe B. Die Baltischen Lander (Estland, Lettland, Litauen). Abgeschlossen am 1. Marz 1941. Teil I’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten un Vermessungswesen (IV.Mil.-Gep.), 1941. Original buff printed stiff paper slipcase, separations at folds. Provenance: with the ink library stamps of an archive in Stabia. Contents: 1. ‘... Textheft’. 8vo., 189 pages of text, 7 folding maps; original buff printed paper wrappers. 2. ‘... Bidheft’. Oblong 8vo., 109 pages of photographs; original buff printed paper wrappers. 3. ‘Ubersichtskarte der Baltischen Lander’ MISSING 4. ‘Gewasser u. sonst. Gelandehindernisse’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. Showing waterways. LOOSE IN MYLAR. MAPPE B III 118. ‘Militargeographishce Angaben uber das Europaische Russland. Mappe B. Die Baltischen Lander (Estland, Lettland, Litauen). Teil III Stadtplane’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten un Vermessungswesen (IV.Mil.-Gep.), 1941. Original buff printed stiff paper slipcase; maps with original paper band. Contents: 1. ‘Dorpat (Tartu)’. Large folding colour printed city plan, with overprinting. 1: 7 500 2. ‘Dunaburg (Daugavpils)’. Large folding colour printed city plan, with overprinting. 1: 15 000 3. ‘Kowno (Kaunas)’. Large folding colour printed city plan, with overprinting. 1: 15 000 4. ‘Libau (Liepaja)’. Large folding colour printed city plan, with overprinting. 1: 10 000 5. ‘Mitau ( Jelgava)’. Large folding colour printed city plan, with overprinting. 1: 10 000 6. ‘Narwa’. Large folding colour printed city plan, with overprinting. 1: 10 000 7. ‘Pernau (Parnu)’. Large folding colour printed city plan, with overprinting. 1: 15 000 8. ‘Reval (Tallinn)’. Large folding colour printed city plan, with overprinting. 1: 12 500 9. ‘Riga’. Large folding colour printed city plan, with overprinting. 1: 25 000 10. ‘Wilna (Vilnius)’. Large folding colour printed city plan, with overprinting. 1: 15 000



Leningrad MAPPE C 119. ‘Militargeographische Angaben uber das Europaische Russland: Gebiet Leningrad. Abgeschlossen am 10 Juni 1941.’ Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten un Vermessungswesen (IV.Mil.-Gep.), 1941. Original buff printed paper wallet. Provenance: Wallet annotated at an early date in pencil and ink; with the ink library stamp of the ‘Mil Geo A Bibliothek’ throughout; the ink accession stamp of the Heringen Collection; with the ink library stamps of the ‘Army Map Service Library’, 1947; with the library label and shelfmarks of the Pentagon Library, deaccessioned after 9/11. Contents: 1. ‘...Textheft’. 8vo., 163 pages of text, 8 large folding maps, one full-page map, original buff printed paper wrappers. 2. ‘...Bildheft’. Oblong 8vo., 121 photos, original buff printed paper wrappers. 3. ‘Ubersicht’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. General map of the area. 1: 1 000 000 4. ‘Verwaitungsgliederung und nationale Minderheiten’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. Showing the Administrative divisions and National Minorities. 1:1 000 000 5. ‘Strassenubersicht’. Large folding colour printed map. Street map. 1: 1 000 000 6. ‘Bevolkerungsdichte’. Large folding colour printed map. Showing population density. 1:1 000 000. 7. Not present. 8. ‘Eisenbahnen und Schiffahrtslinien’. Large folding colour printed map, with Station Directory on verso. Showing railways and shipping routes. 1:1000 000 9. ‘Stadtplan von Leningrad’. Large folding colour printed map. City plan. 1:25 000. 10. ‘Stadtplan von Pskow’. Large folding colour printed map. City plan. 1:25 000. 11. ‘Plan des Leningrader Hafens’. Large uncoloured folding map with key. Plan of Leningrad Port. 1:15,000 Karelien and the Kola Peninsula MAPPE D 120. ‘Militargeographische Angaben uber das Europaische Russland. Karelien und Kola. Abgeschlossen am 15. Juni 1941’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen (IV. Mil.-Geo.), 1941. Original buff printed paper slipcase, worn. Provenance: with the ink library stamp of the A ‘Mil Geo Bibliothek’ throughout; the ink stamp of the Heringen Collection; with the accession label, library label, and shelfmark of the Pentagon Library, deaccessioned after 9/11. Contents: 1. ‘...Textheft’. 8vo., 146 pages of text, 7 folding maps; original buff printed paper wrappers, loose as issued.



2. ‘...Bildheft’. Oblong 8vo., 146 pages of photographs; original buff printed paper wrappers. 3. ‘Karelien und Kola: Ubersicht’. Large folding colour printed map, with overprinting. General map of the Kola peninsula in far northwest Russia. 1:2 000 000. 4. ‘Karelian und Kola: Verwaltungsgliederung’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. Showing the administrative divisions of the Kola peninsula. 1:2 000 000 5. ‘Karelian und Kola: Nationalitaten’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. Showing racial demographics of the Kola peninsula. 1: 2 000 000 6. ‘Karelian und Kola: Bevolkerungsdichte’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. Showing population density of the Kola peninsula. 1:2 000 000 7. ‘Karelian und Kola: Vegetationszonen’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. Showing the type of groundcover across the Kola peninsula. 1: 2 000 000 8. ‘Karelian und Kola: Strassen Ubersicht’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. General roadmap of the Kola peninsula. 1: 2 000 000. 9. ‘Strassenubersicht des nordfinnisch-russischen Grenzgebiets’. Large colour printed map, with over-printing. Showing the Russian Finnish border. 1: 1 000 000. 10. ‘Karelian und Kola: Eisenbahnen und Schiffahrtslinien’. Large colour printed map, with over-printing. Showing the railroad and shipping routes. Welssrussland MAPPE E - not present Ukraine MAPPE F 121. Militargeographische Angaben uber das Europaische Russland. Ukraine (einschliesslich Moldaurepublik und Krim). Stadtdurchfahrtplane. Abgeschlossen am 1. April 1941’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen (IV.Mil.-Geo), 1941. 8vo., one folding general map as frontispiece, 58 colour printed town plans, some folding; original grey printed paper wrappers. 122. ‘Ukraine: Strassenkarte’. Large folding 2-colour printed map. General roadmap of Ukraine. Mappe F II - Ukraine Part II 123. ‘Militargeographische Angaben uber das Europaische Russland Ukraine mit Moldaurepublik und Krim. Teill II’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen (IV. Mil.-Geo.), 1941. Original buff printed paper wallet. Contents: 1. ‘... Ukraine (einschliesslich Moldaurepublik und Krim). Stadtdurchfahrtplane. Abgeschlossen am 1. April 1941’. 8vo., one folding general map as frontispiece, 58 colour printed town plans, some folding; original grey printed paper wrappers. 2. ‘Stadtplan Charkow’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing.



3. ‘Stadtplan von Cherson’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. 4. ‘Stadtplan von Czernowitz’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. 5. ‘Stadtplan von Kiew’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. 6. ‘Stadtplan von Kischinew’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. 7. ‘Stadtplan von Lemberg (Lwowa)’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. 8. ‘Stadtplan von Nikolajew und Umberg’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. 9. ‘Stadtlplan von Odessa’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. 10. ‘Stadtplan von Sewastopol’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. 11. ‘Stadtplan von Stanislau (Stanislawow)’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. 12. ‘Stadtplan von Taganrog’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. Central Russia, without Moscow MAPPE G 124. ‘Militargeographische Angaben uber das Europaische Russland Zentral-Russland (ohne Moskau). Abgeschlossen am 15. Mai 1941’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen (IV. Mil.-Geo.), 1941. Original buff printed paper wallet. Provenance: with the ink library stamp of the ‘A Mil Geo Bibliothek’ throughout; the ink stamp of the Heringen Collection; with the accession label, library label, and shelfmark of the Pentagon Library, deaccessioned after 9/11. Contents: 1. ‘... Textheft’. 8vo., 119 pages of text, 6 folding maps; original buff printed paper wrappers. 2. ‘... Ortschaftsverzeichnis’. 8vo., 90 pages of town plans; original buff printed paper wrappers. Directory of towns. 3. ‘... Stadtdurchfahrtplane (mit Moskau). 8vo., one folding map as frontispiece, 14 pages of colour printed town plans, some with 2 on one page; original grey printed paper wrappers. 4. ‘... Bildheft’. Oblong 8vo., 100 pages of photographs. 5. ‘Zentral-Russland (ohne Moskau) Ubersichtskarte’. Large folding map, over-printed. General map of Central Russia. 1:2 500 000. 5A. as above, but dated 1942. 6. ‘Zentral-Russland Strassenkarte Nordteil’, ‘... Sudteil’. Large folding colour printed road map, with over-printing, on 2 sheets. 1:1 000 000 7. ‘Zentral-Russland Gelande- u. Gewasseerkarte Nordteil’, ‘... Sudteil’. Large folding colour printed map of the waterways, with over-printing, on 2 sheets. 1:1 000 000 8. ‘Zentral-Russland (ohne Moskau) Schema der Eisenbahnen und Schiffahrtslinien mit Angabe der Bahnhofe und Haltestellen’. Large folding map printed in 2 colours. Showing the railroads and shipping routes. 1:1 500 000



Moscow MAPPE H 125. ‘Militargeographische Angaben uber da Europaische Russland. Moskau... Abgeschlossen am 20. Juni 1941’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen (IV. Mil.-Geo.), 1941. Original buff printed paper wallet. Contents: 1. ‘... Text- und Bildheft’. 8vo., 139 pages of text, 65 pages of photographs; original buff printed paper wrappers 2. ‘... Atlas’. 8vo., 25 colour printed mostly folding maps with perforations in the gutter; original buff printed paper wrappers. Each map identifies industries, army placements, presses, the Kremlin, and includes an overlay of a plan of Berlin on one. 1:10,000 to 1:25,000 3. ‘Moskau I. (Gesamtes Stadtgebiet)’. Large folding colour printed map, with overprinting and a key in the margins and on the verso. 1:25,000. 4. ‘Moskau II. (Stadtkern). Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing and a key in the margins. 1:10,000 5. ‘Moskau Verkehrsmittel’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. 1: 35 000. Showing transport routes. Caucasus with Rostow and ASSR Kalmukien MAPPE J 126. ‘2. Ausgabe Militargeographische Angaben uber das Europaische Russland. Kaukasien (mit Gebiet Rostow und ASSR Kalmukien). Abgeschlossen a 17, August 1942’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen (IV. Mil. – Geo.), 1942. Original buff printed paper wallet. Provenance: with the ink library stamps of the ‘Padagogische Hoschule’ [Teachers Training College] of Berlin. Contents: 1. ‘...Textheft’. 8vo., 47 pages, 7 folding maps, original buff printed paper wrappers 2. ‘...Bildheft’. Oblong 8vo., 132 photos, original buff printed paper wrappers. 3. ‘Kaukasien, Ubersichtskarte’. Large folding colour printed map with over-printing, and with correction to title ‘Gelandekarte’ has been obscured and replaced with ‘Ubersichtskarte’. General map of the Caucasus. 1:500,000 4. ‘Kaukasien, Gelandekarte’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. Topographical map. 1:1 500 000. 4A. Another example. 5. ‘Schema der Eisenbahnen und Schiffahrtslinien’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing, 1:1 500 000. Showing the railways and shipping routes.



Supplements [to MAPPE J] 127. ‘Das Hochgebirge des Kaukasus Bearbeitet von der Heeres-Hochgebirgsscule. Abgeschlossen am 18.7.1942’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen (IV. Mil. – Geo.), 1942. 8vo., 37 pages, full-page maps and plans; original buff printed paper wrappers. A brief description of the high mountain passes in the northern Caucusus, and a list of place-names. 128. ‘Beschreibungen von Ubergangen und Hochgebigs-passen im Ost-Kaukasus. Bearbeitet von der Heeres-Hochgebirgsschule. Abgeschlossen am 18.7.1942’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen (IV. Mil. – Geo.), 1942. 8vo., 27 pages; original buff printed paper wrappers. A detailed list of the high mountain passes and trails in the East Caucusus. 129. ‘Beschreibungen der Ubergange uber die Hochgebirgspasse im West-Kaukasus. Abgeschlossen am 18.7.1942’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen (IV. Mil. – Geo.), 1942. 8vo., 33 pages, and one folding map; original buff printed paper wrappers. The map shows the trails and passes through the mountains. 130. ‘Beschreibungen der Ubergange uber die Hochgebirgspasse im Zentral-Kaukasus. Bearbeitet van der Heeres-Hochgebirgsschule. Abgeschlossen am 18.7.1942’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen (IV. Mil. – Geo.), 1942. 8vo., 55 pages, and one folding map; original buff printed paper wrappers. The map shows the trails and passes through the mountains. The Volga Mappe K 131. ‘Militargeographische Angaben uber das Europaische Russland Die Wolgagebiete. Abgeschlossen am 10. Juli 1941’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen (IV. Mil. – Geo.), 1941. Original buff printed paper wallet. Provenance: Library stamp removed from front cover, probably the ‘Bundesarchiv Militararchiv Amtsdrucksachen’, with a mss acquisition number “RHD 21/262 (Doppel)” beneath; probably from the Heringen Collection and subsequently; the Pentagon Library, deaccessioned after 9/11. Contents: 1. ‘... Textheft’. 8vo., 81 pages of text; 6 folding maps; original buff printed paper wrappers. Library stamps removed from front cover. 2. ‘... Ortschaftsverzeichnis’. 8vo., 43 pages of text; original buff printed paper wrappers. 3. ‘... Bildheft’. Oblong 8vo., 90 pages of photographs. 4. ‘Die Wolgagebiete: Ubersichtskarte’. Large colour printed folding map, with over-printing. General map of the Volga region. 1 : 1 500 000. 5. ‘Die Wolgagebiete: Strassenubersicht’. Large colour printed folding map, with over-printing. Roadmap. 1 : 1 500 000.


6. ‘Die Wolgagebiete: Gelande- und Gewasserkarte’. Large colour printed folding map, with over-printing. Showing waterways and groundcover. 1 : 1 500 000. 7. ‘Die Wolgagebiete, Schema der Eisenbahnen und Schiffahrtslinien’. Large colour printed folding map, with over-printing. Showing railways and shipping routes. 8. ‘Stadplanskizze Gorkij (Nishnij Nowgorod)’. Large colour printed folding map, with overprinting. City plan of Gorky. MAPPE K – later edition 132. ‘Nachtrag zu ... Stand vom 1. Dezember 1941’. Green printed paper slipcase only, no contents. The Urals MAPPE L 133. ‘Militargeographische Angaben uber das Europaische Russland. Ural-Gebiete. Abgeschlossen am 30. September 1941’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen (IV. Mil. – Geo.), 1941. Original buff printed paper wallet. Contents: 1. ‘... Textheft’. 8vo., 110 pages of text, 7 folding maps; original buff printed paper wrappers. 2. ‘... Ortschaftverzeichnis’. 8vo., 45 pages; original buff printed paper wrappers. 3. ‘...Bildheft’. Oblong 8vo., 137 pages of photographs; original buff printed paper wrappers. 4. ‘Ural-Gebiete, Ubersichtskarte’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. General map of the region. 1: 7 500 000 5. ‘Ural-Gebiete, Strassenubersicht’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. Route-map. 1 : 7 500 000 6. ‘Ural-Gebiete, Gelande- und Gewasserkarte’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. Showing waterways and groundcover. 1: 2 500 000 7. ‘Ural-Gebiete, Eisenbahnen und Schiffarhrtslinien’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. Showing railways and shipping routes. 1 : 1 500 000 8. 4 uncoloured folding city plans of ‘Sswerdlowsk’ 1:33 000; ‘Magnitogorsk’ 1:22 000 ‘Kirow’ 1:12 500; ‘Tscheljabinsk’ (with over-printing) 1:50 000


Vologda Archangel MAPPE M 134. ‘Militargeographische Angaben uber das Europaische Russland Gebiete Wologda-Archangelsk. Abgeschlossen am 5. August 1941’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen (IV. Mil. – Geo.), 1941. Original buff printed paper wallet. Provenance: with the ink library stamp of the Bundesarchiv Militarachiv Amtedrucksach; the ink library stamp of the Heringen Collection; the library label, stamp, and shelfmarks of the Pentagon Library, deaccessioned after 9/11. Contents: 1. ‘...Textheft’. 8vo., 76 pages of text, 2 folding maps; contemporary buff printed paper wrappers. 2. ‘... Bildheft’. Oblong 8vo., 122 pages of photographs; original printed buff paper wrappers. 3. ‘Stadtplan von Wologda’. Large uncoloured folding city plan with key. 1: 20 000 4. ‘Stadtplan von Archangelsk’. Large uncoloured folding city plan with key. 1 : 20 000 5. ‘Gebiete Wologda – Archangelsk, Ubersichtskarte (zugleich Strassenubersicht). Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. General map showing principal transport routes. 1 : 2 500 000 6. ‘Gebiete Wologda – Archangelsk, Gewasserkarte’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. Showing the waterways of the region. 1: 2 500 000 7. ‘Gebiete Wologda – Archangelsk Schema der Eisenbahnen und Schiffahrtslinien mit Angabe der Bahnhofe und Haltestellan’. Large folding two-colour printed. Showing railroads and shipping routes. 1 : 1 500 000 Northeast Russia MAPPE N 135. ‘Entwurf Militargeographische Angaben uber das Europaische Russland. Nordost-Russland. Abgeschlossen am 1. Juni 1942’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen (IV. Mil. – Geo.), 1943. Original buff printed paper wallet, worn. Provenance: with the accession label and shelfmark of the Pentagon Library, deaccessioned after 9/11. Contents: 1. ‘... Textheft’. 8vo., 76 pages of text, 2 folding maps; original buff printed paper wrappers 2. ‘... Bildheft’. Oblong 8vo., 121 pages of photographs; original buff printed paper wrappers. 3. ‘Nordost-Russland Ubersicht’. Large folding colour printed map, with overprinting. General map of the are extending from the Barents Sea in the north, Arkangelsk in the west, to the northern Urals. 1 : 2 500 000 4. ‘Nordost-Russland. Schema der Eisenbahnen und Schiffahrtslinien’. Large folding 2-colour printed map showing the railroads and shipping routes. 1 : 2 500 000



5. ‘Nordost-Russland. Gewasserkarte’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. Showing the waterways and shipping routes. 1 : 2 500 000 Eastern Russia - Asiatische Russland. MAPPE B 136. ‘Entwurf. Militargeographische Angaben uber das Asiatische Russland. Kasachstan – Turkestan. Stand: XII. 1942’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen (IV. Mil. – Geo.), 1942. Original buff printed paper wallet. Provenance: with the ink library stamps of the ‘Padagogische Hoschule’ [Teachers Training College] of Berlin. Contents: 1. ‘... Textheft’. 8vo., 116 pages of text, 8 folding maps; original buff printed paper wrappers. 2. ‘... Ubersicht uber die Verwaltungseingheiten...’. 8vo., 45 leaves of text; original buff printed paper wrappers. Overview of administrative units. 3. ‘... Gewasserbeschreibungen...’. 8vo., 51 leaves of text, one folding map; original buff printed paper wrappers. Overview of water resources, including tides etc. 4. ‘... Ortschaftsverzeichnis...’ 8vo., 45 leaves of text; original buff printed paper wrappers. Gazeteer. 5. ‘... Bildheft...’ 8vo., 230 pages of photographs; original buff printed paper wrappers. 6. ‘Kasachstan – Turkestan Gelande- u. Strassenubersicht’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. General route and terrain map. 1 : 5 000 000 7. ‘Kasachstan – Turkestan Ubersichtskarte’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. General index map of the region. 1 : 5 000 000 8. ‘Kasachstan – Turkestan Gewasserkarte’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. Showing the waterways and resources. 1 : 5 000 000 9. ‘Kasachstan – Turkestan Schema der Eisenbahnen und Schiffahrtslinien mit Angabe der Stationen’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. Showing the railroads and shipping routes. 1 : 3 125 000



A Global German Empire

XIII OBERKOMMANDO DES HEERES A collection of documents and maps related to the Germany’s projected Global Empire. Publication Berlin, 1940 - 9th August, 1944

137. ‘Landerweise Zusammenstellung aller Karten und Mil-Geo-Arbeiten’. Berlin: Oberkommando des Heeres, 10 Juli, 1943. Portfolio. 73 leaves of text and tables; one uncoloured folding frontispiece map, 130 mostly folding maps; original red printed paper boards, laced as issued. Provenance: “Ausland Archiv, Nitsche Amtmann”, penciled on the title-page. Detailing all the maps published by the Generalstab der Heeres, to July 1943. 138. ‘Planheft Ubersichten der Kartengitter Europa, Nordafrika un Vorderasien. Vom 14. Oktober 1943’. Berlin: Oberkommando des Heeres, 1943. Folio. 55 pages of text, large folding map of the eastern hemisphere at end; original green printed paper boards. Provenance: with the ink library stamps of the Technical College, Berlin, throughout. Greater German Reich 139. ‘Karte des Deuschten Reiches. Militargeographische Einzelangaben zum Grossblatt 2530 (EB 119b [Sud]; EB 129 [Nord]). BB:... Trier,...Bernkastel, Saarburg,... Birkenfeld’. Wiesbaden: Wehrkreiskommando XII, (Mil. Geo), 1940. Very large folding colour printed map, with over-printing; original red printed stiff paper slipcase. 140. ‘Planheft Grossdeutches Reich Uberblick uber die Landesvermessungs- und Kartenwerke Mite einem Beiheft Anlagen. Herausgegeben vom Reichsministerium des Innern. Bearbeitet unter Mitwirkung der Hauptvermessungsabteilungen des Landesvermessungsamtes Bohemen und Mahren vom Reichsamt fur Landesaufnahme, Juli 1944’. Gotha: Stollberhsche Buchdruckerei, 1944. Folio. 59 uncoloured folding maps of historical trigonometric surveys of the German Empire from the nineteenth century to 1939; original green cloth backed, green paper boards. Western Europe An overview of the maps of the proposed German Empire in western Europe. 141. ‘Anweisung (Vademecum) fur den Gebrauch der Karten 1 : 25 000 und der Festpunktverzeichnisse in Grenzabschnitt Westen und der angrenzenden fremdlandischen Gebiete. 3. Auslage’. Berlin: Oberkommando des Heeres Gen Std H Abt. Fur Kriegskarten und Bermessungswesen (II), 1940. Folio. 60 pages of text, 14 maps, some folding, 4 folding maps in pocket at end; original printed pale green boards. Provenance: with the official ink acquisition stamp of Ernst Martin, A.S.N. 32316955. 142. ‘Planheft Ubersichten West’. Berlin: Im Auftrage der Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen im Generalstab des Heeres bearbeitet von der Heeresplankammer, 1942. Folio. 20 pages of text, 66 mostly folding maps; original green printed paper boards, laced as issued. Provenance: with the official ink acquisition stamp of Ernst Martin, A.S.N. 32316955.



143. ‘Answeisung zum Gebrauch der Karten und Koordinatenverzeichnisse als Unterlagen fur die Heeres- und Truppenvermessung in den westlichen Grenzgebieten mit Hinwweis auf die vorhandenen Mil. Geo. – Arbeiten. Vademecum Westliche Grenzgebiete. Vom 19. Juli 1944’. [Berlin]: Oberkommando des Heere, 1944. Folio. 16 pages of text, 22 maps and diagrams, some folding, 2 folding maps in pocket at end. Provenance: with early official ink stamp of the ‘Zentrale Kartensammlung’; the early accession stamps of the Pentagon Library, deaccessioned after 9/11. 144. ‘Planheft Ubserichten West. Vom 9. August 1944’. [Berlin]: Oberkommando des Heeres, 1944. Folio. 50 pages of text, 87 mostly folding maps; original red printed paper boards, laced as issued. Eastern Europe 145. ‘Answeisung fur die Ermittlung der Schiessgrundlagen aus den Karten und Festpunktverzeichnissen in den Ost=und Sudostgebieten. Vademecum Ost. 2. Auslage’. [Berlin]: Oberkommando des Heeres Gen Std H Abt. Fur Kriegskarten und Bermessungswesen (III), 1941. Folio. 88 pages of text, 31 mostly folding maps, and 4 folding maps in pocket at end; original pale green printed paper boards. Provenance: with the ink library stamp of the ‘Survey Directorate ... HQ British Army of the Rhine’. 146. ‘Planheft ubersichten Ost. 2. Auslage’. Berlin: Im Austrag der Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Bermessungswesen im Generalstab des Heeres bearbeitet von der Heeresplankammer, 1941. Portfolio. 2 pages of text, 60 mostly folding maps; original pale green printed paper boards, laced as issued. 147. ‘Planheft Osteuropa Baltischer Raum. Vom 14. Juni 1944’. [Berlin]: Oberkommando des Heeres, 1944. Portfolio. 56 pages of text, 40 mostly folding maps; original green printed paper boards, laced as issued, some waterstaining. Provenance: with the ink library stamp of the ‘Survey Directorate...’, “spare”. 148. ‘Answeisung zum Gebrauch der Vermessungs- und Kartenunterlagen in Osteuropa Baltisher Raum mit Hinweis auf die vorhandenen Mil-Geo-Arbeiten. Vademecum Osteuropa Baltischer Raum. Entwurf. Vom 1. August 1944’. Folio. 23 pages of mimeographed text, 13 pages of maps and charts; original buff printed paper wrappers. Provenance: with the ink library stamp and manuscript accession marks of the Bundesarchiv Militararchiv Amtsdrucksachen; with the shelfmark of the Pentagon library.


Asia-Pacific WWII came to the Asia-Pacific region in December of 1941, when Japan invaded Thailand; attacked the British colonies of Malaya, Singapore, and Hong Kong; and bombed Pearl Harbor. 149. ‘Entwurf. Studie uber den ostasiatisch-pazifischen Kampfraum. Abgeschlossen am 18. Dezember 1941’. Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres Abteilung fur Kriegskarten und Vermessungswesen (IV. Mil.-Geo.), 1941. 8vo., 16 pages of text, 2 folding maps in tie at the end; original orange printed paper wrappers. Provenance: with the ink library stamp of “Dipl.-Ing. Alfred Niggi Munchen”. Maps at end: 1. ‘Ubersichtskarte: Der Ostasiatisch-pazifische Kampfraum’. Large folding colour printed map. 1 : 40 000 000. The Pacific Ocean and the countries that surround it, noting which Empire they belong to. 2. ‘Ostasiatischer-Raum’. Large folding colour printed map, with over-printing. 1 : 10 000 000. General topographic map of Southeast Asia.


The German War on America, WWII

XIV OBERKOMMANDOS DER WEHRMACHT Documents and maps related to the German War on America. Publication Leipzig, Bibliographisches Institut AG, 1.1.1942.

150. ‘Schlag nach uber die Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika. 1942. Heft 60. Tornisterschriften des Oberkommandos der Wehrmacht, Abt. Inland.’ 2 volumes: text and maps. Text: 8vo., 32 pages. Original buff printed paper wrappers, stapled as issued. 2 maps printed on one sheet: ‘Die Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika (USA); and ‘Mittelamerikanische Staaten’, folding into self-wrappers. Dimensions: 210 by 150mm. (8.25 by 6 inches). Volume 60 in a series of separately published maps published by the Oberkommandos der Wehmacht for the use of soldiers. During World War I, the Germans had led a successful attack on the munitions warehouses of Black Tom Island, near Jersey City, when saboteurs set off an explosion on July 30th, 1916, which registered 5.5 on the Richter scale, killing five people, “jostling the Brooklyn Bridge, shattering plate-glass windows six miles away and shaking building foundations in five states” (NYTimes online). Twenty-six years later, once the US had officially entered WWII, after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour, the Germans tried again. Operation Pastorius, planned for June of 1942, and carried out by longtime German residents of the US, included among its targets Hell Gate Bridge in New York and Pennsylvania Station in Newark, New Jersey. Four saboteurs came ashore at Amagansett, Long Island, on the night of June 12th, 1942, brought there by U-Boat 202. One of their number was discovered, and the munitions and other equipment he had buried in the dunes, seized. When the same operative gave himself up to the FBI the mission came to nothing. In the wake of the failure of Operation Pastorius, two more German spies were brought to Maine by U-Boat 1230, as part of Operation Elster, to gather intelligence on American manufacturing and technology. They too, were discovered by the FBI. 151. ‘Atlantischer Ozean Ostkuste von Nordamerica Block Island bis New York. Masstab auf 40o 45’ Breite 1: 225 000 Hohen und Tiefen in Metern 1916.’ Lithographed chart, heightened with original hand-colour. Dimensions: 765 by 1110mm. (30 by 43.75 inches); 650 by 1050mm to the neatline. Detailed German hydrographical chart (number 455, Klasse IV) of Long Island, with the coastlines of New York extending inland to Cold Spring on the Hudson River; south to Point Pleasant, New Jersey; east to Pt. Judith in Rhode Island. With an inset map of Raritan Bay and part of Staten Island. Lighthouses, harbor lights, and channel lights are heightened by hand in yellow wash; relief shown by spot heights, form lines and hachures; depths shown by soundings and isolines. First issued by the Herausgegeben von Oberkommando der Kriegsmarine, Berlin, in September of 1916, with new editions published in 1923, and 1940; this example was reissued in March of 1943. The Kreigsmarine, the German wartime equivalent of the British Admiralty, and the U.S. Geographical Survey produced a comprehensive series of maps of the coastlines of the world. Rare: we have been able to trace only one institutional example; that of the Beinecke Library, Yale. Provenance: With the ink stamp of the Third Reich upper left.





152. ‘Atlantischer Ozean Ostkuste von Nord- America Golf von Maine. Masstab auf 42o 50’ Breite 1: 650 000 Hohen und Tiefen in Metern 1912.’ Lithographed chart, heightened with original hand-colour. Dimensions: 970 by 790mm. (38.25 by 31 inches). Detailed German hydrographical chart (number 448, Klasse IV) of the Gulf of Maine, extending northeast as far as New Brunswick and the Cape Spencer lighthouse, and southwest to Martha’s Vineyard; the western coastline of Nova Scotia appears in the east. Lighthouses, harbor lights, and channel lights are heightened by hand in yellow wash; relief shown by spot heights, form lines and hachures; depths shown by soundings and isolines. First issued by the Herausgegeben von Oberkommando der Kriegsmarine, Berlin, in 1912, with new editions published in 1927, 1934, 1941, 1942, and 1943; this example was reissued in March of 1943, and bears a red label, warning users of the map that the inland waterways have not been updated. The Kreigsmarine, the German wartime equivalent of the British Admiralty, and the U.S. Geographical Survey produced a comprehensive series of maps of the coastlines of the world. This particular map of the northeastern coast of North America appears to be particularly rare, with only a later 1958 edition appearing at the Univerity of Wisconsin-Milwaukee library. The United States had been at undeclared war with Germany, as a participant in the Battle of the Atlantic, since October 1941, when it contributed Naval ships to protect the Allies Icelandic Convoys in the Atlantic Ocean. However, four days after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour, the United States officially declared war on Germany, on December 11th, 1941. During World War II, the Germans made two, ultimately unsuccessful, incursions onto American soil. Operation Pastorius, planned for June of 1942, and carried out by longtime German residents of the US, included among its targets Hell Gate Bridge in New York and Pennsylvania Station in Newark, New Jersey. Four saboteurs came ashore at Amagansett, Long Island, on the night of June 12th, 1942, brought there by U-Boat 202. One of their number was discovered, and the munitions and other equipment he had buried in the dunes, seized. When the same operative gave himself up to the FBI, the mission came to nothing. In the wake of the failure of Operation Pastorius, two more German spies were landed at Frenchman Bay in the Gulf Maine by U-Boat 1230, as part of Operation Elster, purportedly to gather intelligence on the Manhattan Project, to sabotage it, and gather what other information they could on shipyards, airplane factories, and rocket-testing facilities. They too, were discovered by the FBI. Rare: no examples appear in auction records; only one institutional example, a later edition, 1958, at Wisconsin. Provenance: With the ink stamp of the Third Reich and another official stamp, upper left.