EMUVE research summary

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MITTELMEERLAND ALEXANDRIA – EGYPT LECTURE 04.04.13

MAPPING GAME PLANS: EURO-MEDITERRANEAN URBAN VOIDS ECOLOGY (EMUVE) Dr Cristian Suau Dr Federico Wulff


3D GAME PLAN. Source: Suau, 2009


EMUVE (Euro Mediterranean Urban Voids Ecology) focuses on the existing voids produced by current shrinking cities at EuroMediterranean coastline These cities, developed in the last 50 years as the main tourist destination of Europe, are now transformed in empty landscapes stopped by present economic crisis: A deep wound in the Mediterranean Landscape and in his local population


GAME PLANS


MAPPING STRATEGIES (*)


Mappa (1979) by Alighiero e Boetti . Source: Tate, 2012


REALM 1: NEW VOIDS & URBAN INORMALITY


Giza as an informal void. Source: Suau, 2013


REALM 2: INFRASTRUCTURAL URBANISM


Crossing the Delta Nile. Source: Suau, 2013


REALM 3: ECOLOGICAL LANDSCAPE (HYBRID?)


Brick kilns and farming along the Delta Nile. Source: Suau, 2013


EMUVE PREMISES


EuroMed Crisis Landscapes: Undeveloped Places, Voids . Source: Google Earth, 2013


These voids are not only understood as the spaces that were not developed, but also as the thousands of square meters of real estate speculative developments that remained half�built, converted in future ruins


Future Ruins . Source: Hans Haacke , 2012


Coastal abandonment of tourist development . Source: Hans Haacke , 2012


Demonstrations against coastal housing development in Spain. Source: El Pais, 2012


CASES


Euro-Mediterranean Littoral Case Studies


Murcia Deep Depression Case Study

Decline of the Spanish tourism Industry based on unlimited housing growth Stock of 29,684 unsold homes completed in 2009 39% higher value to the average in Spain Murcia ecological footprint: 2.45 times the regional area in 1995 4.47 times the regional area in 2004 Murcia socio-economic indicators: Unemployment rate of 27% >200,000 unemployed, increasing tendency Young unemployed people rate under 25 is over 50%


EU Actions: SHIFT, PAYS MED URBAN (EU‐MED Program 2007‐2013)


Vertical Informality: Torre David. Source: Urban Think Tank


Urban Spaces Occupation: Campo de la Cebada (Madrid). Source: Wulff


Ecological recovering of urban voids. Source: Suau-Wulff, 2012


Ecological recovering of urban voids.


Ecological recovering of urban voids. Source: Suau-Wulff, 2012


Ecological recovering of urban voids. Source: Wulff, 2012


Ecological recovering of urban voids. Source: Wulff, 2012


THEORY



Constant Nieuwenhuys's "New Babylon“. Source: Vague Terrain, 2013


Constant Nieuwenhuys's "New Babylon“. Source: Vague Terrain, 2013


Participatory game plans. Source: Wul


VOID CONDITION


Mediterranean shrinking urban landscape (Spain). Source: Internet, 2013


American shrinking urban landscape (US). Source: Internet, 2013


Abandoned verticalism. Source: Internet, 2013


REPAIR


The Recovery Interventions should: 1 Promote global and regional perspective on SocioEconomic and Environmental Control of Intervention Strategies 2 Address to the complexity of the problem with a equally complex and multiple range of integrated solutions 3 Maintain the vitality and richness of the Mediterranean public space 4 Make compatible the tourism activity as an indispensable source of wealth for the Mediterranean littoral, with the integrity, social and formal adaptation of these opportunity spaces


Objective 1: Field Work: Comparative and analytic research study on case studies along the Euro-Mediterranean littoral


Types of urban voids:

Industrial ruins Inner vacant lots

Abandoned frames

Diffuse void


Objective 2: Analysis on Good Practices in Landscape recovery interventions on voids for economical and social reactivation purposes


Samples of recovery landscape. Source: Suau 2011


Objective 3: Landscape and Eco-Urbanism analytic and project instruments to understand the different territories and contexts and explore the adequate intervention recovery systems at the Mediterranean Littoral

Objective 4: Development of Proposal Phase


FINALE




EMUVE Search for recycling intervention strategies for these large areas of abandoned voids from a renovated environmental culture, as a tool for local/regional social development and territorial cohesion This can be the first step for the landscape recovery and economic reactivation of the deeply degraded Euro-Mediterranean littoral


Mint tea in Sadat, centre Cairo. Source: Suau, 2013