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SYMPOSIUM 17 FEBRUARY 2014

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NCPA mini symposium ‘Ready to move?‘


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Contents

Contents

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14 Opening Robert van Cingel Frank Stoteler 18 Introduction NCPA Gaby Allard 20 Introducing today’s speakers 24 Introducing a periodized model  Matthew Wyon 32 Action Control Jurjen Bosga 40 Positive Psychology Elsa Urmston 48 Interviews 52 Summaries 55 Colophon

NCPA mini symposium ‘Ready to move?‘


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Robert van Cingel Lector Musculoskeletale Revalidatie at the HAN University of Applied Sciences and director of Sport Medical Centre Papendal


Introduction

Ready to move? University of Applied Sciences Arnhem and Nijmegen (HAN) organizes in co-operation with the National Centre for Performing Arts (NCPA) the mini symposium ‘Ready to Move?’ on February 17. With this first activity NCPA celebrates its inauguration. The symposium ‘Ready to Move?’ highlights developments in the field of periodization in dance, sports, and music education in relation to motor control, injuries and coping strategies. The program offers (inter)national key note speakers Elsa Urmston, Matthew Wyon and Jurjen Bosga.

NCPA mini symposium ‘Ready to move?‘

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Preface Dear Friends and Collegues, With great pleasure, I would like to inform you about the opening of the National Centre Performing Arts, NCPA. Our aim at NCPA is to bridge the domains of performing art, science, medicine, knowledge development and dissemination. NCPA together with her partner organisations offer a platform for broad-based research in theoretical and applied areas of expertise in diverse aspects of performance , from sport to music , circus and theatre to dance. Knowledge is then shared across platforms and disciplines offering education for (para) medicals, teachers/ trainers, artist/athletes, researchers and students both nationally and internationally. In effort to ground our aims across institutes, ArtEZ Institute of the Arts, HAN University for Applied Sciences Arnhem and Nijmegen, FysioGym Twente and Sports Medical Center Papendal, the founding partners of the NCPA, ,have committed to structurally supporting the development and dissemination of practice and knowledge across diverse disciplines. 6

NCPA was officially opened on feb 17 with a minisymposium entitled, ‘Ready to move?’


Preface

We were privileged to invite (inter)national guest such as Matthew Wyon, Jurjen Bosga and Elsa Urmstom to speak with a multi disciplined audience regarding optimising practice so that physical performers could learn better how to get ready, be ready and stay ready. For those who could not join us at this inaugural event, we hope these visual notes give you a taste of our speakers, the audience and the inspiration that was created on the day. By subscribing to the NCPA newsletter, you stay informed of upcoming activities of the centre and its supporters. Please enjoy and we hope to welcome you soon! Gaby Allard Director National Center Performing Arts

NCPA mini symposium ‘Ready to move?‘

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NCPA mini symposium ‘Ready to move?‘


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“IT’S STRANGE THAT WE HAVEN’T LAUNCHED AN INITIATIVE LIKE NCPA MANY YEARS AGO.” Frank Stoteler Board member HAN University for Applied Sciences


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NCPA mini symposium ‘Ready to move?‘


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“BRIDGING THE DOMAINS OF ART, SCIENCE, MEDICINE, KNOWLEDGE DEVELOPMENT AND DISSEMINATION.” Gaby Allard Director National Center Performing Arts

NCPA mini symposium ‘Ready to move?‘

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Robert van Cingel Lector Musculoskeletale Revalidatie at the HAN University of Applied Sciences and director of Sport Medical Centre Papendal NCPA mini symposium ‘Ready to move?‘


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“Dance, music , s po all k r ts h ind an so d fp erf o

rm

s t r a ing 17

much in common. o s e v a We need to con nec t them”.

Frank Stoteler Board member HAN University for Applied Sciences NCPA mini symposium ‘Ready to move?‘


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“THE NCPA STANDS FOR MEETING NEW PROFESSIONALS, SHARING KNOWLEDGE… AND BUILDING BRIDGES.”


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Gaby Allard Director National Center Performing Arts NCPA NCPA mini minisymposium symposium‘Ready ‘Readyto to move?‘ move?‘


I N T R O DU C I N G

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TO

S R E K A E P S S ’ Y A D


Today’s speakers

MAT THEW W Y ON Matthew Wyon PhD CSCS, professor in Dance Science at Wolverhampton University UK and co-founder of the National Center of Dance Medicine and Science in the UK. Wyon is also associate professor at ArtEZ School of Dance.

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Wyon’s symposium session deals with the approach of training of performers today and how it should reflect the current demands of their respective professions. With the increased diversity of cross-genre collaborations in music, dance, musical theatre and circus arts, there has been a tendency to “pack out” the timetable in educating future performers which has resulted in increased injuries, fatigue and drop out in groups that should be enthused to enter the profession. It sometimes feels that it is not always the best graduates who succeed but those that have survived. The lecture will look at how “less is more” and how a long term (3-4 year) view of training should be adopted to facilitate having injury free, optimally prepared and skilful performers ready to enter the their respective professions. > http://www.wlv.ac.uk/default.aspx?page=16368

NCPA mini symposium ‘Ready to move?‘


J UR J EN B OS G A

Jurjen Bosga PhD works as a therapist in physiotherapy, manual therapy, respiratory therapy and haptokinetics.

Bosga is a researcher at Radboud University Nijmegen, Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour and member of the professorship Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation at the HAN University for Applied Sciences.

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His expertise lies in the domain managing redundancy at multiple levels of human motor control. He is also a partner at Fysioheuvelrug, a professional collaboration in Physical Therapy care and research between private offices. Bosga’s symposium session will go into comparative research of motor learning in sports, music, dance and patient care.


Today’s speakers

EL S A U R MS T ON Elsa Urmston MSc, independent researcher and educator in the field of dance.

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Urmston has a portfolio career as a dance scientist and educator, having worked in performance, education and community settings across the UK for the last 20 years Elsa currently teaches at the London Contemporary Dance School. Urmston’s symposium session will focus on the integration of positive psychology into thinking about how to get ready, be ready and stay ready in terms of optimizing practice from the context of teaching and learning. Drawing on a range of qualitative, research projects across dance and diving, the focus of this presentation is to examine how positive psychology, with a particular emphasis on Csikszentmihalyi’s flow theory (1990) can inform everyday practice through its explicit focus on the positive aspects of human experience. > www.elsaurmston.wordpress.com

NCPA mini symposium ‘Ready to move?‘


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NCPA mini symposium ‘Ready to move?‘


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, t s e r r e v e n s r e c n “Da that’s a reaso n why they ’re alw ay s .” red inju Matthew Wyon professor in Dance Science Wolverhampton University UK

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“ALL PLANNING, TRAINING AND ORGANISATION NEEDS TO BE FOCUSED ON REDUCING THE FACTORS THAT CAN NEGATIVELY AFFECT PERFORMANCE OR TRAINING AND ENHANCE THOSE THAT OPTIMISE IT.” Matthew Wyon professor in Dance Science Wolverhampton University UK


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NCPA mini symposium ‘Ready to move?‘


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Presently the majority of the dance world is doing everything possible to have a bad performance:

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1. Rehearsing up to the last minute

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2. Always adding to a schedule, rarely taking away

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3. No rest 4. Eating at the wrong time


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NCPA mini symposium ‘Ready to move?‘


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“Movem ent y c n e u q fre effe y . � c n e cts u l f m ov e m e nt


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Jurjen Bosga Physical therapist Radboud University Nijmegen NCPA mini symposium ‘Ready to move?‘


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“An int era cti on

t n a n i m o d approach is l arg ely

un p r e d i c t a b l e . ”

Jurjen Bosga Physical therapist Radboud University Nijmegen NCPA mini symposium ‘Ready to move?‘

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NCPA mini symposium ‘Ready to move?‘


A component dominant approach is largely predictable and every component has its own function.

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NCPA mini symposium ‘Ready to move?‘


e c n

a d “I for myself first..

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> Quoted from Just Clicks (2006), by Hefferon, K. M. & Ollis, S.


e c n e i d > ” u . a d ..the secon

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Elsa Urmston Independent researcher and dance teacher at the London Contemporary Dance School NCPA mini symposium ‘Ready to move?‘


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“Positive psychology may offer a framework towards being ready to move.”


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Elsa Urmston Independent researcher and dance teacher at the London Contemporary Dance School NCPA mini symposium ‘Ready to move?‘


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NCPA mini symposium ‘Ready to move?‘


Positive psychology will bring you in a positive flow.

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Q: WHAT MADE YOU DECIDE TO COME TO NIJMEGEN FOR THE FIRST NCPA, AND WHAT IS YOUR OPINION ON THIS NEW INITIATIVE?


Interviews with visitors

“Tonight is a historic moment that I can’t afford to miss. I’m really glad that after ‘Stichting Gezondheidszorg voor Dansers’, which I have worked for in the past, there finally is a new platform where the well-being of dancers is a big priority.” Margot Rijven Senior Advisor Dancers Health

“I am looking forward to meet new colleagues and share our views. I’m also very curious how the NCPA is going to organize and implement things. Let’s hope they can make a difference.” Mars Bentum Dance teacher ArtEZ Arnhem

NCPA mini symposium ‘Ready to move?‘

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“I am one of tonight’s speakers and I hope the audience will be interested in what I am talking about. This initiative deserves a fair chance and my hopes are high. It makes much sense to work interdisciplinarily.”

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Elsa Urmston Independent researcher and dance teacher at the London Contemporary Dance School

“I was invited by the director of Papendal and I am curious who is attending. If there are any partnership possibilities and which topics will be discussed. I’m especially interested in what will happen due to the presence of professionals from so many different disciplines, which are not directly related to dance. We can all learn from each other.” Hanneke van der Weele Eindverantwoordelijke afdeling Dans Rijn Ijssel College


Interviews with visitors

“I work at ArtEZ as a dance teacher and that’s how I found out about this initiative. Exchanging information and opinions at an event like this is always good, but what really interests me is how the follow up will be. I mean, how are they going to implement new ideas, visions across all those different areas, and especially schools and trainings?” Arieh Weiner Dance teacher ArtEZ Arnhem

“I hope people will understand and enjoy my lecture. And probably like everyone else I hope this project will be successful. It is a solid base to build upon. It pleases me that the starting point of this project is to find similarities across all the disciplines instead of differences. That will make it a lot easier to cooperate and implement new ideas.” Jurjen Bosga Physical therapist Radboud University Nijmegen

NCPA mini symposium ‘Ready to move?‘

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INTRODUCING A PERIODIZED MODEL 

Matthew Wyon

Matthew is the first keynote speaker of the evening. According to Matthew Wyon dancing is a sport, and it should be treated that way. A majority of the audience seems to agree with Matthew by nodding to each other. Matthew moves on by stating the following: “Unfortunately, in reality professional dancing is not treated that way.” There is much room for improvement. To understand ‘where’ and ‘what’ needs to be improved, it’s important to determine where things go wrong. According to Matthew rehearsing up to the last minute, a ‘jam packed’ schedule, no rest and eating at the wrong time are causing injuries, fatigue

and poor fitness. He thinks the dancing industry should learn from other industries, mainly professional sports. Strict and accurate planning, analysis and periodization, which are very common in professional sports, will improve the effect of training and the overall performance of dancers. Professional athletes use customized schedules that are designed to achieve set goals. Their training, nutrition and rest periods alter during a year, depending on when the set goal must be achieved. This approach would benefit dancers as well. However, the reality shows different. There is a lot of work to do, but for that reason the NCPA is created.


Summaries

ACTION CONTROL 

Jurjen Bosga

Jurjen Bosga is the second keynote outcomes and then activates our speaker of the night. His lecture motor system. is about flexibility, action control and managing redundancy. The Jurjen provides the audience audience listens attentively while with multiple examples of action he explains that we have excess control processes of athletes, resources, or redundancy, in many and compares them with dancers. parts of our body. This property There are many similarities, but allows us to perform the same task also many differences. He explains in many different possible ways. the mirror neuron system as an This improves our flexibility and important neural network system reliability in our motor system, which allows for perception-action which is needed to perform coupling. The included short activities. video’s makes his lecture lively. The knowledge provided by Jurjen He explains thoroughly, but could be beneficial for teachers simplified, how the actions control and dancers, as it shows how process of the human body works. specific processes of the human It is a combination of perception, body functions under different cognitive and planning whereby circumstances. The attendees our brain considers which actions seemed to understand the should be taken, what the matter, as no questions were consequences are and the possible raised afterwards. NCPA mini symposium ‘Ready to move?‘

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POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY 

Elsa Urmston

Elsa is an expert in positive psychology and tonight she gives a lecture about the characteristics about ‘flow’. ‘Flow’ can be described as a state of mind in which a person is able to perform an activity optimally under specific circumstances, conditions and time. These conditions and circumstances will vary per person. Elsa is providing the audience with numerous examples that all have an effect on our mental state and wellbeing. According to Elsa intrinsic motivation is at the heart in order to achieve a state of flow. However, also a number of situational factors have an effect on a dancer. For example lightening, view, space, heat in performance and rehearsal can play an important role.

The question rises: ‘what is needed for a person, specifically dancers, to achieve a state of flow?’ Elsa concludes that scaffolding tasks, which are build over time are very important. Dancers should also have time to master specific skills and tasks. Furthermore, it’s important for dance schools and companies to create an environment of trust and non-judgement, as dancers perform best when they feel confident. Elsa makes it all sound simple, a good example of positive psychology. However, in reality we don’t achieve a state of flow that easily. The best we can do is trying to get ready, being ready and staying ready to move.


Colophon National Centre Performing Arts p/a vOnderlangs 9 6828 CE ARNHEM THE NETHERLANDS www.ncpa.eu @ welcome@ncpa.eu

NIDMS National Institute of dance, medicine and science > www.nidms.co.uk IADMS International Association for Dance Medicine & Science  > www.iadms.org

Board members/ Gaby Allard — ArtEZ Institute for the Arts and director NCPA Robert van Cingel — Sports Medical Center Papendal and HAN University for Applied Sciences Arnhem and Nijmegen Theo Joosten — HAN University for Applied Sciences Arnhem and Nijmegen

ArtEZ Academy of Theatre > www.artez.nl/Theatre ArtEZ School of Dance > www.artez.nl/Dance ArtEZ School of Music, department Music Therapy > www.artez.nl/Music/Music_Therapy

Project manager/ Kim Lokers

FysioGym Twente  > www.fysiogym.nl 

NCPA growing network of supporters/ The funding partners of NCPA are HAN University for Applied Sciences and ArtEZ Institute for the Arts.

Musculoskeletal Research Centre Nijmegen (Nijmegen MRC) > www.mrcnijmegen.nl School of Sports and Nutrition University for Applied Sciences Amsterdam > www.international.hva.nl/schools/ schools/school-sports-and-nutrition

Dana Dijkg raaf & Hilm er T

rijhoef Diederik van V

hijs (Studio Hands) – M aga

– Teamcaptain

zine design

Sjoerd Verbeek (Studio Hands) – Illustrations

Sierk Keun ing –

Marleen Kuipers –P

Texts

hotograp hy

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NCPA 2014