Page 1





1st - Spain takes over presidency of the EU

1st - Belgium takes over presidency of the EU

1st - A Suicide bombing occurs at a volleyball game in Pakistan

8th - The first 24-hour flight by a solar powered plane is completed

4th - The tallest man-made structure, the Burj Khalifa in Dubai, opens

25th - Wikileaks releases over 90,000 reports on the Afghan war

8th - The Togo national team is attacked in Angola

29th - Heavy monsoon rain causes widespread flooding in Pakistan

12th - A 7.0 magnitude earthquake hits Haiti

Late July - Early September - Extensive wildfires in Russia

15th - The longest annular solar eclipse of the 3rd millennium occurs 25th - Ethiopian Airlines Flight 409 crashes into the Mediterranean

February 3rd - The sculpture L’Homme qui marche I sells for £65 million, setting a record

August 1st - Floods in China kill 1,000 and sweep chemical barrels into the Songhua river 20th - A state of emergency is delcared in Bolivia after 25,000 forest fires spread

12th - 28th - The 21st Winter Olympics are held in Vancouver, Canada


18th - The President of Niger is overthrown by force

1st - 57,000 people are made homeless by heavy rain in southern Sudan

27th - A 8.8 magnitude earthquake hits Chile

3rd - A 7.1 magnitude earthquake hits New Zealand


28th - There is a landslide in Oaxaca, Mexcio

4th - A 6.4 magnitude earthquake hits Taiwan


12th - 19th May - Political protest and city centre occupation in Thailand

3rd - 14th - The 19th Commonwealth Games are held in Delhi, India

16th - Uganda’s only cultural World Heritage Site is destroyed by fire

5th - Toxic sludge floods the town of Devecser, Hungary

23rd - A South Korean Navy ship is sunk, investigation blames North Korea

10th - The Netherlands Antilles are dissolved becoming independent nations


13th - Miners spend 69 days trapped underground before being rescued 22nd - The ISS passes the record for longest human occupation of space

7th - Kyrgyz’s President flees rioting, opposition seizes control

23rd - Finance ministers of the G-20 reform the International Monetary Fund

10th - The President of Poland and other MPs are killed when his plane crashes

25th - An earthquake and subsequent tsunami hit Indonesia

13th - A 6.9 magnitude earthquake hits China

26th - There are repeated eruptions of Mount Merapi in Indonesia

14th - The ash cloud from Eyjafjallajökull disrupts air traffic in Europe 20th - An oil rig explodes creating one of the largest oil spills


27th - Greece’s sovereign credit rating is downgraded to junk

4th - Aero Caribbean Flight 883 crashes in Cuba


11th - 12th - The G-20 summit is held in South Korea 13th - Aung San Suu Kyi is released from house arrest

2nd - The EU and IMF agree to a €110 billion bailout of Greece

17th - Researchers at CERN briefly trap 38 antihydrogen atoms

4th - A Picasso painting sells for $106.5 million, setting another new record

19th - 31 miners are killed in a mining accident in Pike River Mine, New Zealand

7th - It is discovered Humans and Neanderthals may have interbred

22nd - There is a stampede at a festival in Cambodia

12th - Afriqiyah Airways Flight 771 crashes in Libya

23rd - North Korea shells South Korea, prompting military response

20th - Scientists announce the creation of a functional synthetic genome

28th - Wikileaks releases 250,000 American diplomatic cables

20th - Five paintings worth €100 million are stolen from a museum in Paris

29th - The EU and IMF agree to a €85 billion bailout of Ireland

22nd - Air India Express Flight 812 crashes in India

29th - December 10th - The UN Climate Change Conference is held

31st - Israeli Navy forces raid and capture a flotilla of aid ships


December 2nd - NASA announces the discovery of an arsenic-based life form in California

9th - There are ethnic riots in Kyrgyzstan between Kyrgyz and Uzbeks

21st - First total lunar eclipse on the winter solstice since 1638 takes place

11th - July 11th - The 19th FIFA World Cup is held in South Africa

24th - Heavy rain causes extensive flooding in Queensland, Australia



Editorial 06

Eyjafjallajรถkull Eruption 26

Haiti Earthquake 10

Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill 34

Winter Olympics 18

South African World Cup 42

Pakistan Floods 50

Total Lunar Eclipse 68

Russian Wildfires 58

In Protest 70

WikiLeaks 66

Contributors 78 5

EDITORIAL Welcome to 2010, a creative commons sourced magazine designed by Craig Baldwin with the aim of looking back over the many events of the previous year. It all started out as an investigation into creative

few more to fully flesh out the list but a lot of content

commons, I’d always known about the CC section on

was researched on Wikipedia, perhaps not the best

Flickr and wondered if it was possible to source an

source but it kept with the open source production

entire magazine’s photography out of it. I decided to try

I was going for. I had my list of five major events

and make a magazine that looked back over the year’s

and went to work finding images and there were

events to see if there was sufficient imagery.

thousands to look through for each one, eventually I decided to expand out to ten events.

It was November and I was inspired by the A-Z year in pictures supplement that the Daily Telegraph used

I have to admit it didn’t always work out, originally

to release and it seemed like the perfect way to see to

I was going to include the Chilean miners but there

what extent people used creative commons licenses.

were literally no images available that were suitable,

To my surprise there were loads of images to choose

perhaps not surprising due to its isolated location, only

from, when I started there were 48 million images in

professional media would have been there and I can’t

the section I was looking in, at the time of print it now

afford the hundreds of pounds per image. I also found

stands at 51 million.

photography for the WikiLeaks section hard to come by so I had to settle on a single spread.

Now I couldn’t really remember all the events of the year but of course there was always Wikipedia and

Then I set about designing it, now this is the part of

sure enough there was a post that kept track of the

production that I really enjoy, I would say I’m a print

biggest events of the year. In time I had to search for a

designer at heart, I just can’t ignore the joys of a


well printed publication. Hopefully this will be just

if I have a little shameless plug. I’m Craig Baldwin, a

that, I’ve never used MagCloud before but I’ve bought

graduate graphic designer who specialises in print

magazines made by them and they were certainly

design while doing a little website coding on the side.

well produced and I don’t exactly have the biggest

My work can be found at so don’t

budget for production.

forget to check that out.

I’ll warn you I’m not much of a writer but I tried my best

Anyway thanks for reading and I hope you enjoy this

to introduce each event and put it into its context and

magazine perhaps next year I’ll make another one

explain why it was significant enough for inclusion.

because I definitely enjoy working on these sort of things.

If you’re reading this then perhaps you have bought this, in which case I thank you and you should be content in the knowledge that I didn’t charge you any more than the base MagCloud price because of the non-commercial licenses the majority of the photography uses. I didn’t really know what else to do, there’s always the material costs to be covered, it’s not like MagCloud are going to do it for free.

Craig Baldwin Graphic Designer

Just before you carry on perhaps you wouldn’t mind





HAITI MAGNITUDE 7.0 QUAKE 12TH JANUARY PORT-AU-PRINCE, HAITI The earthquake which struck Haiti was a catastrophic magnitude 7.0 quake which caused widespread destruction in Haiti’s capital and killed over 230,000 people, making it one of the deadliest on record with recovery still ongoing. The tremor occurred at 16:53 local time with an epicentre

networks. Confusion over who was in charge and air

just 16 miles west of the capital; Port-au-Prince. A

traffic congestion further complicated early rescue and

couple of weeks later 52 aftershocks measuring 4.5 or

medical efforts.

greater had been recorded. The earthquake affected an estimated three million people, 230,000 died, 300,000

Humanitarian efforts appear paralysed with many

were injured and 1,000,000 made homeless when

people still in temporary shelter, hurricane season

250,000 residences and 30,000 commercial buildings

upon them and a cholera outbreak ongoing. In Port-au-

collapsed or were severely damaged.

Prince 98% of rubble remains uncleared making it seem as though the earthquake was only yesterday. Haiti has

Many countries responded to appeals of humanitarian

a long road ahead of it if it is ever to recover and the

aid, pledging funds and dispatching rescue and

shelters people are living in are already falling apart.

medical teams, engineers and support personnel. Rescue efforts were hampered however by damaged

I chose this earthquake above the ones in Chile and

communication systems as well as damaged air,

China because of the huge number of casualties and

land, and sea transport facilities, hospitals and power

ongoing complications that face the population of Haiti.









VANCOUVER WINTER OLYMPICS 12TH - 28TH FEBRUARY VANCOUVER, CANADA The 2010 Winter Olympics were the 21st official international multi-sport Olympic and Paralympic events that took place in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Approximately 2,600 athletes from 82 nations participated in 86 events in 15 disciplines. Canada took the most gold medals; 14 in total, a record while the USA took the most medals in total with a record breaking 37. The event was the third Winter Olympics to be held in

There was also tragedy on the day of the opening

Canada, but the first to be held in the province of British

ceremony when a Norwegian luger called Nodar

Columbia. The events took place mostly in Vancouver

Kumaritashvili suffered a fatal crash during a training

with some held in the suburbs of Richmond, West

run. He was the sixth person to die at either the Winter or

Vancouver, University Endowment Lands and in the

Summer Olympic games. A minute silence was held for

resort town of Whistler.

him in the ceremony and all flags were at half-mast.

Following Olympic tradition; the mayor of Vancouver

There were two major sporting events this year and

received the Olympic flag at the Turin Winter Olympics

originally I only planned to include the World Cup

in 2006 and raised it in the city hall until the opening

however when I expanded the number of events

ceremony. The opening ceremony itself took place

the Winter Olympics were an easy choice. Both the

on the 12th of February and featured some 4,500

Olympics and World Cup are large scale international

performers with a budget of $48.5 million.

events with plenty of coverage.









EYJAFJALLAJÖKULL ERUPTION 12TH APRIL SKÓGAR, ICELAND Late in 2009 seismic activity was detected in the volcano area of Eyjafjallajökull in Iceland. This built up until the 20th of March when it erupted, this eruption entered a second phase on the 14th of April and created an ash cloud which would cause the greatest level of air travel disruption since the second world war. The ash cloud drifted west across northern Europe

of the public how much of their daily commodities

and forced the closure of most of Europe’s IFR airspace

require air transport as fresh products thinned on

for five days between the 15th and 20th of April. This

the supermarket shelves. There was very little that

closure cost the airlines an estimated £130 million a

the ash cloud did not affect from politicians to TV

day. It was not just the public that had their travel plans

programmes, emergency services to Formula One.

disruptions as all airfreight was cancelled which had knock on affects throughout the world.

The eruption was declared officially over in October even though ash hadn’t been coming out of it since

Kenya lost $3.8 million a day because they could

May. The volcano is still geothermally active and

not transport their flowers. BMW, Nissan, Honda,

might erupt again.

Samsung and LG were unable to keep factories running without an adequate supply of parts. The

I chose this event simply because of the enormity of the

funeral of Poland’s president was without many

disruptions and how it left very few people unaffected.

foreign political guests. It brought to the attention

The coverage was pretty extensive as well.









DEEPWATER HORIZON OIL SPILL 20TH APRIL GULF OF MEXICO, UNITED STATES On the 20th of April an explosion on the Deepwater Horizon offshore oil drilling rig caused by a blowout killed eleven crewman and the resulting fire sunk the rig on the 22nd of April. This left its oil well gushing at the sea floor causing the largest offshore oil spill in United States history. Deepwater Horizon was an ultra-deepwater,

Before that on the 15th of July a cap placed over the

dynamically positioned, semi-submersible offshore oil

leak had stopped most of the oil.

drilling rig. It held the record for the deepest oil well drilled at 10,683 metres. This depth would ultimately

In the intervening five months over 185 million gallons of

cause the greatest number of problems; at that depth

crude oil leaked into the Gulf of Mexica. This spill caused

the blowout preventer failed to stop the leak when

extensive damage to marine and wildlife habitats as well

ROVs tried to operate it. Domes and various methods of

as the Gulf’s fishing and tourism industries. There are

collecting the oil encountered additional problems due

reports that there are still immense underwater plumes

to the freezing and crushing conditions.

of dissolved oil not visible from the surface, this could be causing further damage to marine life.

The leak was eventually permanently stopped on the 19th of September by a second rig that drilled an

This event was an obvious choice due to its huge affect on

intercepting relief well and initiated the ‘bottom kill’

the surrounding environment and was widely covered for

procedure essentially filling the hole full of cememt.

months. It has also drastically changed political policy.









2010 SOUTH AFRICAN WORLD CUP 11TH JUNE - 11TH JULY COUNTRYWIDE, SOUTH AFRICA The 2010 FIFA World Cup was the 19th world cup and the first to be hosted by an African nation. The tournament lasted for a month during which time 32 teams competed in ten stadiums in nine cities for the chance to be the world champions. Spain won the final against the Netherlands. South Africa won the chance to host it, beating Egypt

In the end the world cup was won 1-0 by Spain in the

and Morocco in 2004 as the bidding process was only

116th minute of play against the Netherlands after

open to African nations. The tournament took place

several disappointing performances by highly ranked

between the 11th of June and the 11th of July, during

teams; France and last world cup winners Italy were

this time there were 64 games played by 32 qualifying

both knocked out in the first stages. Over three million

nations with 145 goals scored by 96 players.

people attended matches with TV audiences thought to be in the billions.

For the tournament South Africa built five new stadiums and upgraded five existing ones at a cost of

The world cup only comes round every four years and

$1 billion. There were also improvements to its public

as such is always a big event when it does happen, you

transport infrastructure and was often praised for

can’t escape the coverage no matter where you are.

its readiness and the enthusiasm of South Africa’s

Compared to the Vancouver winter Olympics it was

population and of the population of the African nations

clear from the coverage which was the more important

in general for the contest to be held on their continent.

event, however upon expansion I included both.









PAKISTAN FLOODS LATE JULY - EARLY SEPTEMBER COUNTRYWIDE, RUSSIA In July heavy monsoon rains caused the widespread flooding of Pakistan’s Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Sindh, Punjab and Balochistan regions along the Indus River basin. At the height of the flooding over one-fifth of Pakistan’s land area was underwater with 20 million people directly affected in a county of 170 million. The flooding was caused by unprecedented monsoon

This extraordinary amount of rainfall caused enormous

rain due to a phenomenon that the New Scientist

levels of flooding throughout Pakistan. Besides the 20

described as jet stream ‘freezing’ which was also

million people directly affected by destruction of property,

the cause of the extreme heat waves and wildfires in

livelihood or infrastructure there were a reported 2,000

Russia as well as the 2007 UK floods.

deaths, over 17 million acres of Pakistan’s most fertile crop land was flooded and the total economic impact

Monsoon rains are a annual occurrence in Pakistan

is estimated to be $43 billion. Considering its existing

in July however this year’s forecast was described

poverty you can imagine the implications.

as the worst in the last 80 years. The Pakistan Meteorological Department reported a record-

I chose this event because of the sheer number of

breaking 274 mm of rain fell during 24 hours in the

people affected by it and the damage it has caused, it

Peshawar region while in Khyber Paktunkhwa and

might not have directly killed as many people as other

Punjab over 200 mm fell in 24 hours.

events but the knock on effects will be far reaching as the population tries to rebuild their lives.









RUSSIAN HEATWAVE & WILDFIRES LATE JULY - EARLY SEPTEMBER COUNTRY WIDE,RUSSIA The Russian Wildfires were several hundred wildfires that broke out across Russia due to record Summer temperatures and drought in the region. The President Dmitry Medvedev declared a state of emergency in numerous regions. Throughout 2010 Russia had abnormally high

all of us, meaning all heads of state, all heads of social

temperatures; in June temperatures climbed to

organizations, in order to take a more energetic approach

35 C when on average they rarely got above 30 C.

to countering the global changes to the climate”. Many

Temperatures continued to break records as they

state officials lost their jobs due to the fires.



continued to climb; hitting 42.3oC then reaching the peak of 44 oC. The average temperatures in Russia

In the end over 2,000 buildings had been destroyed by

reached 40 C, a large part of Russia was 7 C warmer

fire, some half a million hectares of land were burnt, an

than is normal for July.

unknown number of fatalities and an estimated €11.4 billion



of damage to the Russian economy as a result of the fires. Dmity Medvedev cut his holiday short to hold an emergency meeting of the national security council.

I chose these fires because of their devastation, the

Amid the ongoing heat wave and wildfires he announced

extraordinary temperatures and the duration of the

on television: “practically everything is burning. The

fires. They may not have had too much coverage due

weather is anomalously hot. What’s happening with the

to their extended nature but the damage was far too

planet’s climate right now needs to be a wake-up call to

extensive to ignore.









WIKILEAKS 28TH NOVEMBER WORLDWIDE WikiLeaks is an international new media non-profit organisation that publishes submissions of private, secret and classified information from anonymous news sources, government whistleblowers, and news leaks. It was launched in 2006 and had in the past released

On November the 28th WikiLeaks began releasing some

various documents such as Guantanamo Bay protocol,

250,000 leaked US diplomatic cables which laid bare

collected secret ‘bibles’ of the Church of Scientology,

many, sometimes embarrassing, secrets.

the Yahoo account contents of President running mate Sarah Palin, a British National Party membership list,

WikiLeaks is now being hounded by governments

570,000 pager messages sent on September the 11th

around the world but especially by the United States

2001 and many more.

with some calling for the arrest of WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange. Many companies have severed their

This year however it rose to infamy with numerous

ties with them, their main website was shut down but

publications relating to the US and the war effort. It

there are now thousands of mirror sites around the web

started in June with the release of a Baghdad airstrike

along with a insurance file containing yet-to-be-released

video which showed US Apache helicopters firing on

documents including those related to the banks.

civilians and killing two Reuter journalists. Then came 92,000 documents relating to the war in Afghanistanin

This story is far from over and I look forward to what

July, then 400,000 Iraq war logs were released in October.

2011 brings and what further secrets they have to spill.



TOTAL LUNAR ECLIPSE 21ST DECEMBER WORLDWIDE The 2010 lunar eclipse was unusual in that it occurred on the same day as the Winter/Summer Solstice. It was the first total lunar eclipse for three years, and the first to happen on the Solstice since 1638. A total lunar eclipse takes place when the moon

through a long and dense layer of the atmosphere the

passes behind the Earth’s shadow completely,

light is scattered, shorter wavelengths (blue) are more

blocking out all light from the Sun, this requires the

likely to be refracted meaning we are left with longer

near perfect alignment of the Sun, moon and Earth,

wavelength light which we perceive as red, hence the

with the Earth in the middle.

muddy red colour the moon changes to.

The 2010 lunar eclipse occurred from 5:27 to 11:06

I chose the total lunar eclipse not because such

UTC and was entirely visible as a total lunar eclipse

eclipses are necessarily rare, though they are less than

in North and South America, Iceland, Ireland, Britain

annual, but because of the extremely rare coincidence

and northern Scandinavia, if you didn’t have a layer of

with the Winter/Summer Solstice. This will not happen

cloud over you that is.

again for another 19 years.

The moon is not totally invisible when behind the

Beyond that there isn’t much to write about it, I felt just

Earth however because of Earth’s atmosphere which

the one photo would suffice to show you the majestic

refracts the Sun’s light. As the light has to travel

beauty of the lunar eclipse.



IN PROTEST THROUGHOUT 2010 WORLDWIDE “There may be times when we are powerless to prevent injustice, but there must never be a time when we fail to protest.” Elie Wiesel This year has seen protests unfold on a global scale

The University fees student protests in the UK were

as countries come to terms with their debts following

also all over the news, especially the ‘kettling’ tactics

the recession and austerity measures are introduced

used against them by the police. Students were

to combat them. The reasons for the protests have

protesting against tripling tuitions fees and the removal

been many, from political opposition to human rights,

of a £30 a week College grant.

religion to austerity measures. There was also the Tea Party movement coming There have been a few protests that have specially

together for the Glenn Beck ‘Restoring Honour’ rally

stuck out to me. First there were the French pension

and the Jon Stewart and Stephen Colbert counter rally.

reform strikes which seemed to have the entire country on strike against a two year increase on the

The UK Pope’s visit protests, the austerity protests

age of retirement. These strikes took place across the

across Europe, protests against Israel’s flotilla raid and

country over two months and caused a fuel shortage as

the Chinese human rights record highlighted by the

protestors picketed oil refineries.

Nobel Peace Prize are also worth a mention here.










This project would not have been possible without the generosity of those listed over the next few pages. I started this project out of curiosity and was amazed by the quantity and quality of images put under the Creative Commons license. Searching through photos wasn’t without its problems

exposure for their work or for a personality such as the

of course, some events didn’t have sufficient photos,

Flickr user Queen Yuna who had loads of pictures listed

some had loads but at too low a resolution and some

when I searched for the Winter Olympics. The same

were just not relevant. And even when an event had

goes for political movements or protests; I saw a lot of

sufficient photos sometimes they went into there

protests I hadn’t even heard of while searching for the

thousands, of course I’d prefer that to not enough but it

In Protest section.

was problematic searching for the best of the best. I didn’t set out on this project to make a profit of other I was also interested to see how organisations I hadn’t

people’s work, the majority of images are licensed

expected to see providing photography were out in

under a non-commercial license anyway. This project

force, the prime example being BP with the photos

was done as a side project to see if it was even

documenting that had happened under their name.

possible in the first place.

It’s an interesting use of social media, reaching out and providing quality imagery to show their progress,

To finish I can’t thank these people and organisations

though those badly Photoshopped images were pretty

enough they have literally made this entire project

laughable attempts by their photographers to show of.

possible and it’s amazing as a designer to be able to document the year through creative commons and the

Of course some use creative commons to gain


photography people put online.

Mandy Jansen 24

Colin Crowley 15

The US Army 16


Lee Cohen 11

Alejandro Mejía Greene 22 UNDP/Logan Abassi 12

Haukur Herbertsson 27

IMCOM Korea Region 19 Henrik Thorburn 28 Todd Huffman 14

roaming-the-planet 20 Alejandro Mejía Greene 23

UNDP/Logan Abassi 14

michi_s 30

Alejandro Mejía Greene 22 Gord McKenna 23 Antonio Zugaldia 15

Ryan Orr 22

UNDP/Logan Abassi 15

michi_s 30

Michael Chu 22

Colin Crowley 15

s.yume 23

michi_s 31


mallix 46 BP America 38 Daníel Örn Gíslason 31 DFID 55 seriouslysilly 46 Sigurdur Jonsson 32 Save the Children 55

seriouslysilly 46

BP America 38

BP America 38

Save the Children 56

seriouslysilly 47

BP America 35

Jean-Sebastien Chouinard 48 Jennifer McBride 36

Stanislav Lvovsky 59 Digital Globe 39

Oxfam International 51

BP America 38

Tyler & Tara Kellen & Alan 60

BP America 40

UNICEF Canada 52

NASA Earth Observatory 62 Digital Globe 43


BP America 38

evgen2 63 Lenny Pichette 44


UNICEF Canada 54

Stanislav Lvovsky 63

asterix611 74

Tyler & Tara Kellen & Alan 63

Tyler & Tara Kellen & Alan 64 Andrew Partain 74

New Media Days 66

Frans de Wit 68

John Kittelsrud 75

Kate Raynes-Goldie 71

marcovdz 75

asterix611 72

Wally Gobetz 75

Nick Atkins 74

Plaid Cymru 76

BP America


Jennifer McBride


Alejandro Mejía


John Kittelsrud




Kate Raynes-Goldie




Lee Cohen


Tyler & Tara Kellen & Alan


Lenny Pichette


UNDP Logan Abassi






Mandy Jansen


Colin Crowley






Michael Chu




NASA Earth Observatory


Save The Children


New Media Days


Stanislav Lvovsky


Nick Aktins




Oxfam International


Andrew Partain


Plaid Cymru


Antonio Zugaldia




Daníel Orn Gislason


Ryan Orr






Frans de Wit


Sigurdur Jonsson


Gord McKenna


The US Army


Haukur Herbertsson


Todd Huffman


Henrik Thorburn


Wally Gobetz


IMCOM Korea Regions




Jean-Sebastien Chouinard



Craig Baldwin 2011 All work is released under the creative commons attribution, non-commercial, no-derivatives license except for the font which has all rights reserved.

Disclaimer: All attempts have been made to ensure facts, sources and credits are correct at time of going to print. Any inaccuracies or omissions will be corrected in future editions, if there ever is one.

Design: Craig Baldwin Printed by MagCloud Printed on 60# FSC-certified paper stock

All text set in DIN 1451 Std Mittelschrift and Engschrift.

I would once again like to say a very big thank you to everyone who has put their work under a creative commons license and made this whole project possible.



Twenty 10  

Magazine looking over the year 2010 and the ten events that defined it through the eyes of creative commons photography.

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