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Devon www.countrygardener.co.uk

ISSUE NO 168 MAY 2018 FREE

Long live LAVENDER... and now all summer long

Sensational

garden days out in May VEGETABLES WITH

the taste of Italy Gardening events galore THROUGHOUT DEVON

INSIDE FULL PREVIEW -

Toby’s Garden Festival Powderham Castle 27th and 28th April

P lus

Seductive a beating th lpines; e invasion; s weed u squashes; mmer grow own loofa your h’s

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Pictured below is Simon, a partner at Bernaville Nurseries. When not helping and advising customers, Simon enjoys researching new and exciting products to introduce to the nursery and is a fan of ‘low-maintenance’ gardening!

Spring SIMON’S

TOP TIPS • Plant summer-flowering bulbs such as Lilies, Gladiolus and Dahlias into beds, borders and containers • Sow lawn seed now on well prepared soil and keep the soil moist whilst the seed is germinating • Apply a layer of mulch around your perennials, trees and shrubs before the warmer weather arrives. Use organic matter such as chipped bark • Ensure bird baths and feeders are kept topped up to encourage birds to your garden

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Up Front!

“The world’s favourite season is the spring. All things seem possible in May.” - Edwin Way Teale “Queer things happen in the garden in May. Little faces forgotten appear, and plants thought to be dead suddenly wave a green hand to confound you.” - W. E. John

OUR HIGHLIGHTS OF THE GARDENING CALENDAR OVER THE COMING WEEKS IN DEVON

Great selection of gardens opening for Devon Hospiscare A great selection of gardens of all shapes, sizes and types are opening their gates for Devon Hospiscare over the next few weeks. Starting the season for the charity is historic Holcombe Court at Holcombe Rogus near Wellington, which will open its magnificent gardens on Saturday, 5th and Sunday, 6th May from 10am until 5pm, admission £5, refreshments available. Holcombe Court is the venue for an open afternoon on Saturday, 28th July from 1pm when gardening writer and broadcaster Anne Swithinbank will give a talk and answer visitors’ questions, and there will be a tour of the gardens and grounds with the head gardener. Tickets are £20, including a light lunch, and booking is essential (see details below). Deer Park Country House Hotel, at Buckerell near Honiton with more than 80 acres of grounds, opens on Bank Holiday Monday, 7th May from 11am until 3pm, refreshments available and dogs allowed. Penrose House, Park Road, Crediton opens on Sunday, 13th May from 2pm until 5pm, while Field House at 21 Argyll Road, Exeter opens on Saturday, 19th May between 2pm and 5pm and the garden also has a plant sale. Springdale, Smeatharpe, Honiton opens on Sunday, 27th May, between 1pm and 5pm, with a plant sale and teas, while 23 High Meadows, Exeter opens on Bank Holiday Monday, 28th May from 11am until 3.30pm, with games and competitions for all, refreshments and dogs allowed in on leads. On Saturday, 19th May there is a plant sale organised by Exeter Friends of Devon Hospiscare at Baring Crescent, off Magdalen Road, Exeter between 10am and 12 noon, with free admission, selling herbaceous plants, annuals, shrubs, herbs, vegetable plants and seedlings. Refreshments will be available and there is wheelchair access. More gardens will be opening for Devon Hospiscare throughout the summer. For more details call 01392 688020, or visit www.hospiscare.co.uk

The lovely gardens at Holcombe Court

Open garden in aid of Children’s Hospice South West Bowringsleigh, an historic Elizabethan house with lovely grounds near Kingsbridge, will be open for Children’s Hospice South West on Sunday 13th May, from 2pm-5pm. Bowringsleigh has beautiful, extensive gardens and grounds with a stunning backdrop of the Grade 1 listed Elizabethan house. The gardens will be open for viewing, with teas, refreshments, plant and cake stalls. Admission is £4 per person, children free, and free parking. There is only limited wheelchair access. Dogs on leads are allowed. All funds raised are given to Children’s Hospice South West, dedicated to making the most of short and precious lives. For more information, contact Anne on 01548 852774. Bowringsleigh, West Alvington, near Kingsbridge Devon TQ7 3LL.

Devon County Show offers strong gardening theme for visitors

Established in 1872, the 123rd Devon County Show has grown into one of the South West’s biggest county shows and still has a strong gardening theme. This years’ event at Westpoint in Exeter from Thursday, 17th May to Saturday, 19th May is a showcase for all aspects of life and work in the county and there are gardening competitions and displays including a Crafts and Gardens feature. There’s also be displays to commemorate the centenary of the First World War including how the Women’s Land Army in Devon helped to feed the nation; 30,000 poppies hand-made to remember the lives lost from the South West will be sold in aid of the Royal British Legion. For tickets and more information visit www.devoncountyshow.co.uk Westpoint, Clyst St Mary, Exeter, Devon, EX5 1DJ

Look out for the June edition of Country Gardener from 19th May onwards

www.countrygardener.co.uk

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...In Devon

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A LOOK AT NEWS, EVENTS AND HAPPENINGS IN DEVON

Topsham gardens out to show off the town The riverside town of Topsham stages an open gardens event on Sunday, 10th June when more than a dozen gardens will open. The aim is to introduce people to the hidden roads and paths in Topsham so visitors can explore the town properly and find the interesting little alleys and paths, rather than just walking to the Quay or down the Strand. Buying a programme entitles visitors to a map showing a suggested route to view the gardens. This year the majority of the ‘secret gardens’ are new and previously unknown to the public. Topsham is famous for its courtyard gardens. There will be two different venues for teas in the town and an extra place for light refreshments. Visitors are encouraged to use public transport but there is a free car park at Topsham Rugby Club for visitors with programmes. The profits from the event support Topsham Museum, a Registered Charity. Opening time for plant stall: 12 noon to 5.30 p.m. Gardens and teas from 1pm. to 6 pm. Tickets will be available from May online via the Museum e-shop, from the Museum during opening hours or at outlets in the town (Wilkinson Grant in Fore Street and Topsham Books).Programmes will be ÂŁ5 in advance or ÂŁ6 on the day.

Heligan crowned ‘Garden of the Year’ The iconic Lost Gardens of Heligan have been crowned ‘Garden of the Year’ by the BBC Countryfile Awards. Mark Rowe, BBC Countryfile Magazine Awards judge said: “Heligan retains a really local feel and the story behind its rediscovery and restoration is heart-warming.� The Cornish gardens, which last year celebrated twenty-five years of being open to the public, welcomes 350,000 visitors a year.

Take your camera when you visit NGS gardens Calling all amateur photographers and garden enthusiasts – the National Garden Scheme photography competition in association with BBC Gardeners’ World is back. After the success of last year’s competition, which had over 1,000 entries, amateur photographers in Devon are being tempted to take their cameras and camera phones to NGS garden openings through to August 28th and get creative. All entrants have the chance of winning prizes worth over ÂŁ950 of gardening tools. George Plumptre, CEO of National Garden Scheme, said about the competition: “There are countless photographic opportunities in the beautiful gardens that open for charity as part of the National Garden Scheme and this competition celebrates the glorious sights to be seen when visiting a garden throughout spring and summer.â€? The deadline for entries is midnight on 28th August. Entry forms are available on www.ngs.org.uk

NGS makes record ÂŁ3.1 million donation to charities The National Garden Scheme, which is popular with owners and visitors in Devon, has announced a record total donation of ÂŁ3.1 million from garden openings in 2017 - a figure which has doubled in ten years and brings the total donated to beneficiary charities since NGS was founded in 1927 to ÂŁ55 million. Beneficiaries include Macmillan Cancer Support, Marie Curie and Hospice UK, who each receive ÂŁ500,000 from funds raised in 2017. Annual donations continue to Carers Trust, Queen’s Nursing Institute, Parkinson’s UK and Perennial, as well as the MS Society, which is NGS’ guest charity for the third and final year. George Plumptre, chief executive of the NGS, said: “The NGS is hugely grateful for everything our garden owners and volunteers have done in 2017. They have worked tirelessly to open their exceptional gardens to the public and provide delicious tea and cake to thousands of visitors, who in turn generously support the NGS, come rain or shine!â€? www.countrygardener.co.uk

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GARDENERS’ CUTTINGS IN DEVON

RHS Rosemoor launches summer long series of live events RHS Rosemoor, Devon’s award winning gardening venue has launched ‘Rosemoor Live’ to present a series of events live from the Torrington gardens. Rosemoor Live!, starting in April, consists of live entertainment, including music, theatre, comedy, talks from TV presenters and children’s shows. THE EVENTS INCLUDE: Wednesday 16th May BBC Countryfile’s Adam Henson will be discussing the state of UK farming plus tales from his life, including his agricultural trips to places like Australia, New Zealand, California and Canada. OUTDOOR THEATRE EVENTS In association with the Plough Arts Centre, Rosemoor will stage five outdoor theatre performances for kids and adults in shows with stories from both classic and modern-day authors, from Emily Bronte and Robert Louis Stevenson to the hilarious David Walliams. The theatre events are: ‘The Winter’s Tale’, Thursday 31st May ‘Wuthering Heights’, Friday 22nd June

Music events at RHS Rosemoor

‘Pirates of Penzance’, Tuesday, 7th August ‘The Midnight Gang’ by David Walliams, Thursday, 9th August ‘Treasure Island’, Tuesday, 14th August MUSIC EVENTS INCLUDE: Friday 18th May, The Fisherman’s Friends of Port Isaac, folk music from the hugely popular Cornish singers Saturday 19th May, The Chamber Ensemble of London, A string ensemble performing a series of classic shorts, with a garden theme. Friday 25th May, Georgie Fame blues and jazz singer and the three times UK chart topper Sunday 27th May, Phil Collins award-winning tribute band More information on the Rosemoor website rhs.org.uk/ rosemoor or contact Rosemoor Box Office on 01805 626810 or email rosemooradmin@rhs.org.uk. RHS Garden Rosemoor, Torrington EX38 8PH

Double whammy from Urban & Rural Plants Landscapers and nurserymen Urban & Rural plants are in their eighth year and now have two busy and thriving centres. With their original plant centre at Matford (just next to the Devon Hotel) Urban & Rural expanded last year and purchased the garden centre at Powderham Castle. The new centre boasts high quality plants, gardening equipment and garden gifts. With gardeners’ coffee mornings and workshops held regularly it remains a popular venue for gardening visitors. If you prefer something a bit different the site at Matford is a must – with many specimens and rare and unusual plants you won’t be disappointed! If you are looking for ideas for your garden then have a wander round for inspiration or speak with the design team who can help develop ideas and turn them into a reality with the full design and build package. This year Urban & Rural Plants will be attending Toby Buckland’s Garden Festival at Powderham on Friday 27th and Saturday 28th April and will also be exhibiting for their seventh year at the Devon County Show from Thursday 17th May to Saturday 19th May. Matford Home Farm, Matford, Exeter EX2 8XT. Tel: 01392 253266 www.urbanandrurallandscaping.co.uk Powderham Castle, Powderham Country Store, Exeter EX6 8JQ. Tel: 01626 891133

10 per cent off fish offer from Bow Aquatic Centre

Devon’s popular Bow Garden & Aquatic Centre is offering Country Gardener readers 10 per-cent off any pond fish or koi. The aquatic and garden centre is the place for advice or anything to do with ponds or indoor aquatics. They stock pumps and filters for small ponds up to larger lakes and offer expert advice on problems with ponds whether it’s green or murky water, heron deterrents or fish health. Bow has one of the largest stocks of pond and bog plants in the South West, with a range of pond fish and hand-selected koi. For the indoor aquarist, there are 160 aquariums that house marine and tropical fish, corals, inverts and freshwater shrimp. Bow is also a garden centre, with a range of plants from trees through to shrubs and bulbs. You can enjoy the Waterside Cafe which overlooks the giant koi pond. Enjoy a fantastic home cooked lunch from their daily specials board, or book a table on a Sunday. It is recommended to prebook Sunday lunch on 01363 460466. To qualify for the discount just take along the Bow Garden Centre advertisement from the May edition of Country Gardener. Bow Garden & Aquatic Centre is on the A3072 half way between Crediton and Okehampton, EX17 6LA. www.bowgardencentre.co.uk, 01363 82438 and offers free parking and wifi. 6

Country Gardener


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Adam Henson, BBC Countryfile presenter, on UK farming The Fisherman’s Friends from Port Isaac, with classic sea shanty songs The Chamber Ensemble of London, performing short garden themed pieces Georgie Fame,* rhythm & blues keyboard player Mark Steel,* comedian And Finally... Phil Collins, tribute band  The Bootleg Beatles, tribute band  of food  Jay Rayner, TV’s Masterchef presents the 10 commandments  The Magic Garden, family theatre from Boo to a Goose Theatre Productions  

16 May 18 May 19 May 25 May 26 May 27 May 28 May 30 May 1 June

The restaurant will be serving special pre-performance meals each may evening, for which booking is essential.

 Box Office: For ticket prices and information except * rhs.org.uk/rosemoor/whats-on Great Torrington, Devon EX38 8PH Tel 01805 626810 * Tickets via theploughartscentre.org.uk RHS Reg Charity No. 222879/SC038262

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Gardening with MINDLESSNESS Grenville Sheringham believes there are many garden tasks which lend themselves to a spot of daydreaming …

There seems to be a fashion these days for doing everything with mindfulness, gardening included. This is a cause of some concern for me because I have always thought of my gardening as a mindless activity. Let me explain what I mean. In my younger days I worked in various large public and private gardens as part of a team, and a lot of the work was, frankly, boring. This was mainly due to the fact that a task like tidying an overgrown border, that would perhaps take you a morning in your own garden, could take two or three of us a week. I remember spending an entire winter raking up leaves in an arboretum, and most of a summer edging and hoeing beds and borders. Now when we are young, time seems to pass much more slowly, and an eight hour day can sometimes feel like forever.

‘...one of the pleasures of gardening - to be engaged in a satisfying activity while remaining free of the need to focus on the task in hand.’ At first I would find myself clockwatching. The incessant swish-swish of the long wooden lawn rake among the leaves, like waves lapping on the sea shore. Or the clip-clip-clip of the edging shears pecking away at the grass edge. I found listening to these sounds and feeling the rhythm of the work was soothing and calming and totally absorbing. And so over the years I have found that whenever I am engaged in a repetitive task, I unconsciously slip into that same mindless state. Having done most gardening tasks so often now that I think I can consider myself a bit of an 8

Country Gardener

Grenville Sheringham:”W hen it comeshts to gardening I must admit my thoug are rambling all over the place”.

‘expert’, it is very satisfying to almost feel the tool doing the job for you. I am sure it is the same for any professional who regularly uses their tools efficiently and effectively, and takes pleasure in the results of their labour. But nowadays a lot of gardening tasks we used to do by hand are done mechanically. This has to be a blessing with jobs like hedge trimming or sawing large branches of course, but there can of course be no question of mindlessly hedge trimming or chainsawing, as I found out the hard way (luckily with no long term consequences)! So to return to the question of mindfulness versus mindlessness. My understanding is that if you wish to do a task mindfully, then you must give it your full attention and be aware of each movement, eliminating any passing thoughts while you focus on the task. Like many people of my age I have done a bit of yoga and meditation in my time so yes, I get the idea, and I think it is great to just focus on breathing or whatever, but when it comes to gardening I must admit my thoughts are rambling all over the place from why chickens lay eggs and which came first to what’s for dinner tonight. But that for me is one of the pleasures of gardening - to be engaged in a satisfying activity while remaining free of the need to focus on the task in hand. Of course there are lots of gardening tasks that need full concentration - seed sowing, pruning, planting, to name but a few, but many gardening activities are repetitive and undemanding, so take the opportunity to relax and enjoy the fact that you are engaged in an activity that leaves space for daydreaming. As one of the old gardeners I worked with years ago would say as we made our way out to work in the morning – mind in neutral, feet in first!


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JOBS IN THE GARDEN

May is always looked forward to as the first month of summer but it also marks the end of spring. It is a month when gardeners can get caught out by mini droughts and heat waves and even the last, late frosts. The biggest threat is young plants that have that have recently been transplanted into the open ground and any freshly emerging seedlings. So be sure to keep all of them well watered and if the young transplants look as if they are flagging give them some shade protection from the heat of the sun or drying winds. On the other hand May can bring damaging frosts, cold winds with heavy rain, so be prepared to take steps to protect plants if it is necessary.

JOBS IN THE

May garden Earth up potatoes Spuds planted in March or early April should be showing long healthy shoots above the compost. By earthing up your potatoes, you can increase the number of potatoes grown from each tuber and protect your spuds from damaging sun exposure. Earthing up is the name given to the process of covering shoots with additional compost. When shoots are showing 10cm above the compost, cover them with more compost to leave just four cm shoots showing at the tip. Repeat this process every time shoots reach 10cm tall.

Stay vigilant on weed watch

Pesky weeds will be popping up faster than your crops as the soil warms up. Check under leaves of crops as well as between rows and gently remove with a weeding fork. Catch weeds while they’re small by hoeing borders and the vegetable garden once a week. Paths, drives and patios can be kept weed-free by spraying with a path weed killer. Many of these prevent weeds returning for several months after they are applied. Perennial weeds, such as dandelions, have roots that will regrow if you just kill the leaves. They will eventually weaken over time if you hoe them off, or you could try to dig out the roots.

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Earthing up potatoes is vital for a healthy crop

How to beat a cold spring The cold start to the season has delayed the planting and slowed the development of many vegetables. Some varieties need a long growing period in which to mature, so it can be helpful to find ways of chivvying them along. Where small numbers of plants are required, planting indoors in modules or pots can protect young, vulnerable plants and enable them to be grown on and planted out as soon as the weather allows. Larger plants are also less susceptible to slug damage than seedlings and so losses are fewer. Cloches will not only keep the soil beneath drier, but also retain the heat from the sun, transforming cold, wet, and claggy soils into warm, crumbly soils that are suitable for sowing into directly. Simple mulches or coverings also warm the soil and can be used with advantage as permanent mulches on certain crops. Carrots, for example, will benefit from the shelter and warmth created by fleece, and will naturally raise the cover as they grow. Tucking in the sides of the fleece also prevents the carrot root fly from entering, minimising crop damage. Potatoes can be planted through a black plastic mulch. This will aid tuber development as well as helping to prevent the soil from drying out. No earthing-up is required, as the tubers will form beneath the black plastic and be shielded from the light. As they develop on the surface, harvesting them merely requires rolling back the plastic, and since the plants can be left in situ, smaller potatoes can often be left to increase in size. Country Gardener


Sow and plant into warm soil

CUT PERENNIALS WITH THE ‘CHELSEA CHOP’ The ‘Chelsea Chop’ in the week of the famous flower show (or thereabouts) helps to keep the taller, late-flowering perennials from leaning. Pinch out asters, Helenium and Eupatorium at knee height and they will re-branch to provide you with stockier plants.

MAKE A BEAN W IGWAM After a wet March your soil may need ‘warm

ing’ up

Warm up your vegetable plot with a ground preparation fleece before sowing or planting out. When temperatures rise during May, seeds and plants will grow rapidly, however when temperatures drop, plant growth grinds to a halt. A gardening fleece will keep temperatures up, whilst being permeable enough to allow air and moisture through, ensuring healthy growth. The added bonus of a gardening fleece is it will help diffuse strong light, providing shading and preventing damaging scorching. Plant in pots or trays under glass, dwarf and climbing French beans, runner beans, sweet corn, outdoor cucumbers, courgettes, pumpkins, squashes, outdoor cucumbers – all which can be planted out next month. Savoy cabbage, winter cabbage, endive, kale and sprouting broccoli can be sown in the open ground now, ready to be planted out next month. This is also your last opportunity to sow peas and parsnips this year.

Use canes or hazel stems to make a support for growing beans. Either tie the tops together to form a wigwam or else arrange the supports in long ’X s’ that cross either half way up or close to the top. Sow a couple of beans to each cane and a few at the ends of the row, as replacements for any that don’t come up. Beans are greedy plants so they’ll enjoy being grown above a trench filled with rotted manure or kitchen compost (even part rotted will do). Cover the trench with soil and then plant the beans. Once the beans are up make sure that the slugs cannot get to the growing tips because they’ll destroy the plant.

THIN OUT SEEDLINGS Seedlings sown in rows can quickly grow into each other’s space, taking up vital water and nutrients, effectively reducing your harvest. Use a dibber to gently remove excess seedlings whilst protecting their roots and transplant healthy seedlings elsewhere. Once you have thinned out your seedlings, water your remaining seedlings to allow the surrounding compost to re-settle. www.countrygardener.co.uk

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PLUS

Set up a safe haven for garden wildlife Butterflies and bees are valuable pollinators that are always more than welcome in the garden. You can attract these beneficial bugs by sowing colourful wildflower seeds and providing them with food and a safe place to stay. With May’s unpredictable weather, a butterfly house or bee log is brilliant for these bugs’ survival, as it will provide a safe place to hide from the rain.

Watch the temperatures around your tomatoes Tomatoes originate from South America and suffer as soon as temperatures drop below 10°C. Keep them under cover until you can be sure that the weather is warm enough to plant them outside, and then find the warmest spot to give them all the help they can get. If you are growing in the ground, keep well away from the potatoes, as blight can travel from one to the next. Try to keep the plants in a position that is warm but with air movement, as the blight favours humidity. Bush varieties are great in pots on the terrace.

Time to repot pelargoniums Tough as old boots they may be, but last year’s pelargoniums appreciate repotting and new soil to set them up for the summer. For best results, pick off dead foliage, prune back to healthy new shoots and give them all the sun they can get.

THE MONTH IN BRIEF

1. Watch out for late frosts. Protect tender plants 2. Earth up potatoes, and promptly plant any still remaining 3. Plant out summer bedding at the end of the month (except in cold areas) 4. Collect rainwater and investigate ways to recycle water for irrigation 5. Regularly hoe off weeds 12

• Keep sowing seeds in small batches roughly fortnightly so that you avoid having a glut but give yourself a longer more manageable harvest. • Repot supermarket herbs, dividing them into smaller pots, a couple of stems per small pot should do for starters. You can use this trick on mint, coriander, basil, thyme – pretty much anything. • Pinch out the tops of chillies to encourage new branches to grow and create a bushier plant. • If you haven’t started growing yet now is the perfect time to get in young plug plants or buy young plants from garden centres and nurseries. There is so much to choose from to grow in raised beds and allotments. • Keep hoeing between crops to control weeds and also create a ‘dust mulch’ to conserve precious soil moisture. Try to water in the cool of the evening if possible using a watering can to direct the water around the root area of the crops. • If you can get it, put some straw underneath the developing strawberry fruits to keep them off the soil and try to avoid watering overhead to reduce any problems with mildew.

CUT EVERGREEN HEDGES May is a good time to trim evergreen hedges, such as Lonicera, box and yew; it will get their edges looking crisp and neat. Small hedges can be trimmed with shears. Larger hedges are best tackled with a hedge trimmer. It is illegal to disturb nesting birds, so be sure to check the hedges for signs of nests before you start the job.

6. Open greenhouse vents and doors on warm days 7. Mow lawns weekly 8. Check for nesting birds before clipping hedges 9. Lift and divide overcrowded clumps of daffodils and other spring-flowering bulbs 10. Watch out for viburnum beetle and lily beetle grubs

Country Gardener


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13


ALPINES –

always

AND FOREVER

Gill Heavens looks at the diminutive plants which have wandered in and out of fashion throughout the years but which are now undergoing a renaissance Alpine plants can be found, as the name would suggest, in the mountainous regions of the world. In the wild they grow in alpine meadows and the extreme rocky outcrops above them. From autumn to spring they are often covered with a blanket of snow, which perversely protects them from the duel horrors of humidity and sudden frosts. They are conditions that rarely occur in this country, but this has not hindered their popularity, in fact they are at present undergoing a real upward swing in popularity. These diminutive plants and their associated rock gardens have wandered in and out of fashion throughout the years. A stalwart of the 1970s garden, along with crazy paving and conifers, it would be tempting to think that this is where it all began. In fact it started long before. Initially it was the beauty of the rocks that was attractive to 18th century gardeners, and on a grand scale. Enormous recreations of mountainous scapes were constructed, each rich landowner vying for the biggest, best and most naturalistic. Increasingly, these were planted with spoils from the great plant hunters’ expeditions. By the end of the 19th century most large estates were owners of alpine gardens, and an invention by James Pulham subsequently allowed more modest gardens to join in the fun. 14

This breakthrough in garden history was manufactured stone, modestly named Pulhamite, a composite of sand, clinker and Portland cement. It was used to make statues, follies and more importantly for us, rock gardens. In 1863 Thomas Cook arranged his first trip to the Alps and thereafter holidays to the mountainous regions of Europe became popular, and with it alpine gardening. Straddling the Victorian and Edwardian eras was Reginald Farrer, perhaps the most famous advocate of this style of gardening. He was an avid traveller and plant collector, his book My Rock Garden was published in 1907 and The English Rock Garden in 1919. The alpine plants that have caused such passion over the centuries, have evolved to best suit their exposed conditions and are generally low growing in order to avoid icy winds. Although annuals are rare in these harsh conditions, herbaceous perennials, bulbs, shrubs and trees are all well represented. Many of our border plants have alpine cousins that can be utilised, including violet flowering Hebe ‘Youngii’ which reaches a petite 20cm tall, Phlox subulata which will flood the ground with rivers of pink, white and blue throughout the summer months, and the dark-eyed, pink veined Geranium cinereum ‘Ballerina’ which grows to the heady heights of 15cm.

Country Gardener


Early in the year species tulips such as the wonderful Tulipa griegii, which makes up for its lack in height by its excess of flower, the scented buttercup yellow Iris danfordiae, and primulas of all types will brighten the dull days. As the year progresses dogs tooth violets, pulsatillas and aubrietas will come into their own. With the summer approaching, dianthus, Gypsophila repens, which is a carpet of pink for weeks on end, and saxifrages will thrive. Other summer favourites are the Himalayan woolly rock jasmine, Androsace lanuginosa, with its palest pink flowers centred with yellow or red and the silver leaved Moroccan Daisy, Rhodanthemum hosmariense, from the Atlas mountains. The golden Sternbergia lutea and azure blue, autumn gentians herald the coming of the autumn. For year round interest, dwarf evergreen conifers are ideal, including the rocket-shaped Juniperus communis ‘Compressa’, the low lying Norwegian spruce Picea abies ‘Little Gem’ and the arching and slightly depressed sounding cedar, Cedrus deodara ‘Feeling Blue’. Hopefully I have made it quite clear that there are a host of suitable plants from which to choose. However keeping them alive is perhaps not quite so simple. First let us think about where to grow them. If you are that way inclined, you could build a mountain in your back garden; this option I would imagine, is not open to many of us! Some lucky people own an alpine house where it is easier to control water levels and ventilation. I have lusted after the house at RHS Rosemoor for many years, where each visit is a joy, marvelling at the season’s stars. Favourites can be grown in a cold frame, covers can easily be added when protection is necessary. Your Lilliputian lovelies can be displayed in a

dedicated raised bed, where they will be held high for inspection. Or you could use an old Belfast sink or trough or indeed any other suitable container, use your imagination. Some, such as thymes, can be pushed into gaps in paving and lewisia may be grown between the courses in dry stone wall. Whatever your preferred receptacle might be, preparation is everything. Hate is not too strong a word to describe most alpines’ opinion on wet conditions, thus drainage is a necessity, drainage upon drainage. A mix of sharp sand, compost and soil, topdressed with grit is ideal. For optimum chance of success ensure that you know the requirements of your plants before you start planting out. Some alpines are more suited to being baked all summer long, some will take more shade. Make sure that if you are growing ericaceous specimens you don’t use limestone chippings, as your little darlings will complain bitterly. Few of us have grand estates staffed with an army of construction workers and gardeners to recreate and maintain a facsimile of the Massif Central in Maidstone. This is not a problem when growing alpines. In fact the very size of these pocket-sized beauties means that, with a little research and love and attention, you can create a microcosm of alpine life. I am no expert but I know that out there is a wonderful, bijou world just waiting to be investigated. For any of you that might be interested, a good starting point would be The Alpine Garden Society which was formed in 1929 and thrives to this day. I apologise now to those who will become addicted. For one, I don’t dare even look! www.alpinegardensociety.net www.countrygardener.co.uk

Clockwise from top left: Cedrus deodara ‘Feeling Blue’; Geranium cinereum ‘Ballerina’; Gypsophila repens; Hebe ‘Youngii’; Phlox subulata; Picea abies ‘Little Gem’; Tulipa griegii; Rhodanthemum hosmariense

15


Powderham Castle, Friday 27th and Saturday 28th April, 10am-5pm

The campaign to save the M5 Willow Man The Toby Buckland Garden Festival is at the heart of a campaign to secure the future of the iconic M5 willow man who strides alongside the motorway near junction 23 at Bridgwater. Created by artist Serena de la Hey in 2000 as part of The Year of the Artist the willow man was conceived as a temporary structure and now nearly two decades on, it needs a complete rebuild as well as a fund for future maintenance. The Willow Man is a great West Country landmark, a symbol of arrival for both residents and holidaymakers and if he is allowed to simply deteriorate and disappear it’d be huge loss to our landscape. Serena is creating a huge ‘Willow Wonder’ at the festival in the Powderham Deer Park with help from artist Stefan Jennings and Toby, which will be located on the Powderham Deer Park. Visitors will be able to add their own embellishments and support the fundraising. Serena says, “Willow is an ephemeral material, and no-one realised The Willow Man would become a cherished part of the landscape – least of all me – so we have to do something soon or he will be lost.”

Willow artist Serena de la Hay

The iconic Somerset Willow Man

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Drop in to learn more about fermented veg

What is fermented veg and why are we being encouraged to eat it? How can we maximise health benefits of all the lovely vegetables we grow? New research suggests that improved gut health means better sleep too.

Katie Venner left - passionate about fermenting

Katie Venner, adviser on the fermenting story on BBC Radio 4’s ‘The Archers’ and Jo Webster will be at the festival to explain and demonstrate how you too can simply and easily make kimchi, kefir and kombucha. Katie is a fermented foods enthusiast and teacher. She and her husband run Tracebridge Sourdough, a tiny bakery and fermenteria outside Wellington, Somerset. Jo Webster set up the website www.wondergut.com to spread information to the public about the gut microbiome, its influence on our health and what we can do to better care for it. She runs fermenting classes in the hope of inspiring as many humans as possible to show their microbes some love by feeding them fermented vegetables and drinks. You can see Katie and Jo in the ‘Sow, Grow, Cook Tipi’ on Friday 27th April. Entry is free with festival ticket.

NEW COMPOST FROM RECYCLED DEVON WASTE LAUNCHED AT FESTIVAL There’s an exciting new arrival of rather special compost at the festival. Devon’s largest recycler of green materials, Coastal Recycling, is launching new compost, Coastal Organics, at the festival. It is made entirely from garden waste sourced from the county’s household recycling centres. Visitors will be able to see Coastal’s shredder in action at the event, place orders for home delivery and take away a free sample of the compost. You can claim your free sample of Coastal Organics compost (while stocks last) and place orders for compost delivery at the festival. 16

Country Gardener


ADVANCED TICKETS: www.tobygardenfest.co.uk

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BOOK TICKETS IN ADVANCE Adults £10; Children £3.50 at www.tobygardenfest.co.uk Tickets on the gate £12.50 Assistance dogs only are permitted onto the showground due to the deer.

Pest Clinic to sort out your garden problems The festival will stage a special Pest Clinic on both days with eco friendly help and advice with garden pest and disease

problems from Dr Ian Bedord, Head of Entomology at the world famous John Innes Research Centre. Grazers the pet and planet friendly deterrent sprays which deter everything from slugs and snails to pigeons, der and even rabbits. The Pest Clinic with Grazers is on the Castle Rose Lawn.

‘Boycie’ shares his house and garden delights John Challis, the actor and author best known for playing Boycie in the BBC’s most successful sitcom Only Fools and Horses is to speak at the festival. Keen gardener John will be signing copies of his book, Wigmore Abbey: The Treasure of Mortimer, an autobiographical account of creating his house and garden in Herefordshire with wife Carol. Only Fools and Horses first hit the nation’s screens in 1981 and was on air for seven series and sixteen Christmas specials until 2003. Wigmore Abbey was the inspiration and location for the spin-off series The Green Green Grass of Home in which Boycie and on-screen wife Marlene flee Peckham for a new home after failing out with gangsters.

PLANT NURSERIES

at the festival

The finest specialist nurseries from across the country will come together in spectacular style at Toby’s Garden Festival held for the fifth year at Powderham Castle on Friday 27th and Saturday, 28th April. The popular two-day event has a record number of exhibitors with almost 60 new stallholders attending the Devon event for the first time. The nurseries attending the festival are selected as genuine growers who produce the plants they sell themselves. They represent the widest possible range of p[plants, including perennials. Shrubs and trees, alpines,bulbs and exotic plantsand all the growers many of them with Gold Medal success at Chelseas Flower Show are experts in the plants they have at the festival. Atlantic Botanic – Family run coastal plant nursery in Devon selling high quality, well-grown plants for coastal gardens. Avon Bulbs - From Somerset and specialists in rare and unusual bulbs Barracott Plants - A West Country nursery specialising in shade -loving plants, including ferns, plants of architectural interest. Budlake Nursery - Peat-free grown Acer palmatum organically treated Bulls Green Nursery - Growers of alpines, lilac, anemone and patio standard roses. Devon Pond Plants - Aquatic plants for ponds, watersides and other damp places. Floyds Climbers - A popular plant grower selling at shows for 15 years and has an excellent reputation for quality clematis and climbers. Garden of Japan - Specialist nursery growing popular Japanese maples. Gardeners Delight Nursery - A wide range of trees, roses, shrubs, perennials, herbs, alpines and bedding plants. 17


Powderham Castle, Friday 27th and Saturday 28th April, 10am-5pm

Growers Organics - Welcome newcomer with quality organic vegetable, herb and flower plants and seeds from South Devon. Heucheraholics - A West Country nursery that has done so much to make heucheras so popular Hidden Valley Nursery - Choice hardy perennials that grow well in the West Country. Kelnan Plants - A popular nursery specialising in Restios southern hemisphere plants Kitchen Garden Plant Centre - Herbs and edibles from seed using organic and sustainable methods Lands End Nurseries - A good mix of high quality plants for sale in two litre to seven and a half litre pots, evergreen plants and also unusual plants. Lilies and Chillies - Specialising in rare and quality lilies. Meadow in my Garden - High quality flower seed mixes and seed balls to give beautiful low cost wildlife. Mendip Bonsai - One of the leading bonsai nurseries in the country. Millwood Plants - A hardy herbaceous perennial plant nursery based in the heart of the Taw Valley. Palmtraders UK - Began life as a tropical tea garden in Devon and now a leading supplier of palms and exotic plants. Pinsla Garden & Nursery - Cottage garden plants including hardy geranium, ferns, reliable perennials, alpines and succulents. Plants for Small Gardens - Helianthemums, aubrieta, dianthus and sedums . Pheasant Acre Plants - Specialise in the supply of gladioli corms and dahlia tubers. Pounsley Plants - Old fashioned roses. Pococks Roses - Rose bushes, heritage varieties and up to date varieties. Strete Gate Camellias - Specialises in camellias based in Torquay. Tartendown Nurseries - Traditional Cornish nursery with lots of perennials, shrubs, alpines, hedging and trees. Thornhayes Nursery - Famous Devon nursery run by Kevin and Pat Croucher currently celebrating its 25th anniversary. Tortworth Plants - Produce a range of alpines and herbaceous perennials Tynings Climbers - Hardy and tender climbers Urban and Rural Plants - Specialising in the unusual with a fantastic reputation for quality and range of stock. Whetman Pinks - l award winning nursery with nose tickling displays of pinks. Wild Thyme - Mother and daughter team growing wonderful native British wildflowers. 18

Festival celebrity speaker

LINE UP

RACHEL DE THAME BBC Gardeners’ World presenter and author Rachel will be sharing her passion for flowers and giving the lowdown on what it’s like to design the floral decorations for the Queen during 2012’s Diamond Jubilee Pageant on the Thames on Friday. Rachel has written two gardening books and co-authored a third. She is a regular gardening columnist for the Sunday Times and has contributed to various publications, including The Huffington Post, Gardeners’ World Magazine and The RHS Garden Magazine.

TERRY WALTON Allotment doctor Terry, known for broadcasting from his Rhondda Valley allotment on BBC Radio Two’s Jeremy Vine Show will be here on Saturday 28th April, sharing his love of growing fruit and veg and growing organically. Terry has written two books, My Life on a Hillside Allotment and The Allotment Almanac and writes a weekly article for Garden News with regular slots on Radio Wales, Radio Bristol and Radio Hereford and Worcester.

JIM BUTTRESS TV gardener and author Jim Buttress is best known for BBC’s The Big Allotment Challenge. His horticultural career has Challenge taken him from Superintendent of the Royal Parks to RHS shows judge and head judge for Britain in Bloom for 25 years! Hear Jim interviewing in his amusing inimitable style and on the Q&A panel in the Speakers’ Marquee. See boards for details.


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Don’t miss..

Speakers’ Marquee ON THE ROSE LAWN FRIDAY 27TH APRIL

SATURDAY 28TH APRIL

11am

Jim Buttress chats to actor John Challis – Boycie from Only Fools & Horses – about his life TREADING THE BOARDS AND THE BORDERS OF HIS GARDEN AT WIGMORE ABBEY (Book signing in the Castle entrance opposite Info Point)

Terry Walton, BBC Radio Two’s allotment doctor, on GROWING FRUIT AND VEG ORGANICALLY

12pm

Rachel de Thame on FLOWERS, COLOUR COMBINING AND HER TIPS FOR A BEAUTIFUL GARDEN

2pm

BBC RADIO DEVON’S GARDENERS Q & A SESSION with Toby and expert team (for broadcast on Toby’s Sunday morning show)

Jim Buttress chats to actor John Challis – Boycie from Only Fools & Horses – about his life TREADING THE BOARDS AND THE BORDERS OF HIS GARDEN AT WIGMORE ABBEY (Book signing in the Castle entrance opposite Info Point) BBC RADIO DEVON’S GARDENERS Q & A SESSION with Toby and expert team (for broadcast on Toby’s Sunday morning show)

3pm

Toby talks to willow artist Serena de la Hey about the campaign to SAVE THE M5 WILLOW MAN

Toby talks to willow artist Serena de la Hey about the campaign to SAVE THE M5 WILLOW MAN

Tea Tent ON THE LOWER LAWN FRIDAY 27TH APRIL

SATURDAY 28TH APRIL

11am

Robin Rae head chef, The Rusty Pig

Robin Rae head chef, The Rusty Pig

12pm

Music from Glas-Denbury

Music from Glas-Denbury

1pm

Robin Rae head chef, The Rusty Pig

Robin Rae head chef, The Rusty Pig

2pm

Music from Glas-Denbury

Music from Glas-Denbury

3pm

Devon CREAM TEA DEMO

Devon CREAM TEA DEMO

4pm

Music from Glas-Denbury

Music from Glas-Denbury

For free tasters, The Manna from Devon chefs are outside the Tea Tent on the Lower Lawn doing demo’s and cooking up tasters on Hearth & Cook stoves.

Sow, Grow & Cook Tipi

ON THE NORTH LAWN

Head to the brown tipi at the end of the North Lawn for two days of cooking and veg-growing themed talks. FRIDAY 27TH APRIL

SATURDAY 28TH APRIL

10:30am

BUTTERFLY GARDENING with Dr Ian Bedford, Head Entomologist from the John Innes Research Centre

BUTTERFLY GARDENING with Dr Ian Bedford, Head Entomologist from the John Innes Research Centre

11:30am

FERMENTING VEG, THE GUT-FRIENDLY WAY to store and eat veg crops with Katie Venner of Tracebridge Sourdough and Jo Waters of Wonderglut.com

HAVE YOUR PATIO AND EAT IT with Toby Buckland, tips for veg-growing in small spaces

1:30pm

HOW TO GRAFT AN APPLE TREE with Kevin Croucher, owner of Devon tree nursery Thornhayes

PRACTICAL SOWING WORKSHOP with Sara Venn, from Edible Bristol

2:30pm

COOKING DEMO with Anita Claire-Field from Petite Bouchee

VEGAN COOKING DEMO: Cauliflower popcorn, Courgette spaghetti and ideas for gluts with Danny Evans, allotmenteer, owner and chef from Feniton Foods

www.countrygardener.co.uk

19


Willowbrook Nursery and Garden Centre your local family-run garden centre A wide choice of award-winning shrubs, bedding, trees, herbs, climbers, perennials, alpines, roses, soft and top fruit and much more. We also have a well-stocked shop, Pet & Bird Centre, Aquatic Centre, Shed, Cafe & Tea Room serving home cooked food.

On the main A38 between Taunton & Wellington www.willowbrooknurseryandgardencentre.co.uk

TELEPHONE 01823 461324

Endsleigh G n ardens

ursery

BUY FROM THE GROWERS A Traditional Nursery set in the beautiful Tamar Valley. Fruit Trees: Apple, Pear, Plum, Quince etc 2-3yrs old from £23.95 Flowering Trees from £34.95, Grafted Wisteria £18.95 Plus our extensive range of shrubs and perennials. Ring for details or visit www.endsleighgardens.co.uk Open every day, even Easter Sunday... WELL WORTH A VISIT

Milton Abbot, Tavistock PL19 0PG Tel: 01822 870235 From Milton Abbot follow brown signs to Endsleigh House & Gardens on B3362

Discover

Marwood Hill Gardens

If you would like a last resting place in beautiful countryside overlooking Dartmoor. Phone 01647 24382 and speak to Julie or Martin Chatfield

www.crosswayswoodlandburials.co.uk

• Pond Cleaning & Maintenance • Pond Renovation • Consultancy • Filter & Pond equipment – supply & install • Pond Contract Service • Aquatic Planting Schemes Operates within a 40 mile radius of Newton Abbot, Devon. Call: 07966 222602 Email: info@pond-man.co.uk www.pond-man.co.uk 20

PLANS PLANTING CONSTRUCTION

Mark Robertson

M.Hort (RHS) Member of the Institute of Horticulture

Discover the stunning views at Marwood Hill Gardens, 20 acres of private gardens with lakes in North Devon. The gardens are a wonderful haven in which to relax and enjoy the impressive collections of plants, shrubs and trees and experience the views and peaceful atmosphere.

Award-Winning Tea Room & Gift Shop Our award-winning Garden Tea Room & Gift Shop offers seasonal menus of homemade, locallysourced and gluten-free delights.

Specialist Plant Sales At Marwood, we aim to provide something a little bit different, something which you can take home.

Events for 2018 Friday 15th June - NGS Day Wednesday 25th July Folksy Open Air Theatre Shakespeare’s Love’s Labour’s Lost Thursday 26th July Folksy Open Air Theatre Family Show - The Princess and the Giant

71, Wardrew Road, Exeter Devon EX4 1HA

Tel: 01392 439138 Mob: 07971 944959

www.exetergardendesign.com

Tel: 01271 342528 | www.marwoodhillgarden.co.uk Marwood Hill Gardens, North Devon EX31 4EA

Country Gardener


WILDLIFE

Beware birds nesting! The nesting season for birds is in full swing so that calls for common sense and precautions from gardeners when it comes to cutting back hedges We are all very passionate about protecting wildlife and one of the big themes every spring is cutting back hedges and trees while birds are nesting. The main nesting season is from March to August inclusive. However, nesting does happen outside of this period, so if as a gardener you are looking for exact dates when it’s safe to cut back hedges then you might have a problem. Even outside the nesting period, birds may be heavily reliant on hedges, scrub and woodland, particularly for feeding or roosting. It is courteous to check for nesting birds that have made a home of your hedge before carrying out any trimming. It’s amazing how many people think you cannot touch hedges and trees while birds are nesting, but you can. All birds in the UK are fully protected by law (Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 - WCA) from intentional harm. Under the same act, any active nest, including nest building or a nest with eggs or chicks in, is also protected from intentional destruction or removal and you cannot block access to any active nest. So, if you see a bird carrying nesting material or food into an area, this indicates that there is an active nest there. There is no law in the UK preventing any one from felling trees or pruning hedges at any time of year. However, the RSPB urges that you try to do any tree work over the winter months, when you can see into the tree and

the tree itself is dormant. This also avoids the peak season for nesting birds. Some birds can nest at any time of year and mild winters can tempt them into nesting early. It does not matter when or where the bird’s nest is, it is still protected by the WCA all year round. With the trend of warm and wetter springs and summers, hedges can quickly become unmanageable. It’s OK to use secateurs or sheers to keep a hedge under control, and if you do disturb an adult from their nest, they should return when you leave the area. Birds have different strategies for raising their young; some only nest once a year and others have multiple broods. On the whole, they tend to build new nests in different locations, but some birds, for example house sparrows, will use the same nest all year, but the WCA still applies while the birds are actively nesting at any time of year. So what can you do? Most gardeners are aware of the wildlife in their gardens, and have a good idea where and when there are birds nesting. Carry out a visual check if you can, and if necessary just leave the work until the fledglings have left the nest, then you can do the work you need to. If you are aware of an active nest and you see someone about to do some work, let them know so they can avoid that area, as they may be unaware of the nest. If they are felling a tree, again let them know so they can come back when the fledglings have left the nest and fell the tree. As all species of bird are protected by the WCA, if they continue and destroy the nest they have committed a criminal offence, which is a police matter. Call your county police station on 101 and report the incident to the local Wildlife Crime Officer for the area. Hopefully, your garden won’t get too out of control while the birds are nesting! If you’d like some ideas on how to encourage wildlife into your garden, go to www.rspb.org.uk/advice/gardening/

www.countrygardener.co.uk

21


REPLANTING THE GARDEN

after the damages of winter Your garden probably needs more help and encouragement than ever this spring and the application of mycorrhizal fungi might be key If gardeners were looking for anything like good news over the past few weeks of snow, rain more snow and below average temperatures is that overwintering garden pests will have suffered too. Pest levels at the beginning of April were probably very low. Certainly the second cold snap in late March will also have killed off many pests as they started emerging from hibernation the previous week when temperatures had reached double digits. Garden plants were certain be affected by the prolonged cold spell and, more importantly, by sitting wet for long periods of time. Generally speaking, many plants can cope with cold weather but cold and wet weather is much more problematic and plant losses are inevitable. However, gardeners are a hardy bunch and have to learn to be stoic in the face of plant failures. What is more important is to learn from the failure and treat the new spaces in the garden as a marvellous opportunity. When planting, an important truism is ‘right plant, right place’. Research the plant that has not survived the winter: was it a plant truly suitable for that position/soil/aspect? Were you gardening on ‘the edge’ of what was possible? Had you fallen in love with this plant as it was displayed beautifully at your local garden centre and taken a chance? Good soil preparation is key to replanting plants so incorporating plenty of organic matter is the first step to a successful outcome. Nursery grown plants have often been raised on a diet of

chemical fertilisers and need to go cold turkey when planted into soil. It is not advisable to try and gradually wean them off as many fertilisers can react poorly and perform badly in soils. The best start possible for new plants is to treat them to mycorrhizal fungi which will rapidly grow as a second root system ensuring excellent establishment. Over a decade ago mycorrhizal fungi were shown to overcome replant problems in roses and this was reported at the time in the Horticultural trade press and national media. Another horticultural truism is that if a plant fails in one position it is inadvisable to plant the same plant family or Genus in that same spot. This is particularly well known for roses but can also apply to any other garden plant such as ones that failed due to a hard winter. The causes of replant problems are not well-understood and varied but in most cases there is a sensible reason why the application of mycorrhizal fungi is likely to overcome these problems and ensure good establishment and good early growth.

Here are some of the problems and solutions: LIKELY CAUSE OF REPLANT PROBLEMS

BENEFITS CONFERRED BY MYCORRHIZAL FUNGI

Lack of available nutrients

Mycorrhizal fungi colonise a far greater volume of soil thus enable the plant to find more nutrients

Over application of chemical fertiliser caused by over feeding failing plants, Handful for luck syndrome

Mycorrhizal fungi limit unhealthy nutrient uptake as the mycorrhiza needs to keep its host alive and healthy

Poor quality or stressed planting stock, i.e. Bare root plants

Mycorrhizal fungi grow very rapidly giving the plant access to nutrients and water so reducing stress

Build up of soil pathogens

Mycorrhizal fungi can block access of pathogens to plant roots by colonising those niches first

Pathogenic nematodes (eelworms)

Similar to above mycorrhizal fungi can block the nematodes entry points to plants

22

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23


Lavenders

ALL SUMMER LONG Probably the easiest grown plants for sunny, well drained sites, lavenders are loved by gardeners and now with the right selection it is possible to enjoy them all summer long Lavender is evocative of warm summer days filled with heady scents. Lavender (Lavandula) is, of course, an easy to grow, evergreen shrub that produces masses of beautifully scented flowers above green or silvery-grey foliage. This drought-tolerant plant thrives in a sunny border, container, herb or gravel gardens. It was once considered only as a high summer addition to the garden but more recent introductions offer the chance to extend the joy of having their serene spectacle in your garden over a longer season. Some lavenders have great presence as architectural specimens, most are good for low hedging while of course all are wonderful for bees. Lavender is best planted between April and May as the soil is warming up. It thrives in any poor or moderately fertile, free draining soils in full sun, and is ideal for chalky or alkaline soils. On heavier soils, like clay and clay loam, lavender tends to be fairly short-lived, becoming woody at the base. To prolong the life of your lavender on heavier soil, add organic matter and gravel to improve the drainage and plant on a mound. If growing as a hedge, plant on a ridge to keep the base of the plants out of wet soil. All hardy lavenders are in full bloom for about a month. The dark purple varieties appear to flower for longer as the richly coloured calyces are visible immediately the spikes begin to swell- and still hold colour when the flowers have faded. 24

LAVENDERS TO START SUMMER If you are looking for an early blooming variety there is nothing to surpass L.angustifolia ‘Ashdown Forest’, a bushy cultivar with its sharply scented pale blooms. As the lavender season progresses through late June and into July more cultivars begin to reach their peak including L.agustifolia ‘Hidcote’ –a compact form of the popular English lavender, named after plantsman Laurence Johnston’s famous arts and crafts garden in Gloucestershire. It produces dense spikes of fragrant, deep violet summer flowers above slender, aromatic, silvery-grey leaves. It is possibly the best lavender for edging paths and borders and the aromatic foliage perfumes the air if you brush against it. It also works well in a gravel garden, or clipped into a formal sphere for a contemporary look. Another option for this time of the year is Langustifolia ‘Miss Dawnderry’ , an intensely dark purple lavender known as a ‘Super Blue’, with a beautiful swaying and fluid movement in a light breeze. The flowers dry darker and the slender stems when bunched produce a proportionally larger head, than any other angustifolia. If fragrance is a priority then nothing really comperes to Langustifolia ‘Maillette’ -the world’s most widely grown angustifolia for oil. Long mid-purple flowers above grey foliage. Very highly scented. The flowerheads of ‘Maillette’ are packed full of tiny plum to lilac star-shaped flowers, and are barrel-shaped rather than spiked.

Country Gardener


LAVENDERS INTO THE HIGH SEASON Throughout July, Langustifolia ‘Betty’s Blue’ is a wonderful accent plant with its large, deep violet-blue flowers atop erect stems that do not splay, It is a compact and tidy variety that forms attractive domes in the garden. Sweetly fragrant and reliable, it is also a great lavender for drying. From July one of the first of the late bloomers is L.x intermedia ‘Olympia. These consistently popular tall tough lavenders have great presence as specimens or hedges. Their unsurpassed scent and colour are evocative of high summer. Hardy to at least -15°C, they will cope with most British weather.

Langustifolia Betty’s Blue

LAVENDER FINAL FLOWERERS As July falls in August L.intermedia ‘Provence’ displays highly flagrant pale purple flowers which fit in so well with its name. A delightful variation on Lavender ‘Grosso’ named for the province in southern France where ‘Lavandin’ is grown by the acre to supply the perfume industry. At three feet tall it is one of the tallest varieties, and its long, silver-grey spikes lined with mauve blooms make first-rate cut flowers. Last to flower often in autumn are the so-called Dutch lavenders, usually distinguished for their silver foliage. L.intermedia’ Fragrant Memories’ is probably the best. It overwinters well, and has very long flower spikes of mid-lilac blue, making it a good cutting variety. L.intermedia ‘Fragrant Memories’

PRUNING Lavenders should be pruned every year to keep them compact. On established plants use secateurs to remove flower stalks and about one inch of the current year’s growth, making sure that some green growth remains. At RHS Wisley, pruning is undertaken in late summer after flowering, although spring pruning is sometimes recommended. Lavender does not break readily from old wood and neglected specimens are best replaced.

PROPAGATION You can easily make more lavender by taking softwood or semi-ripe cuttings from young plants in early summer and hardwood cuttings from new growth after flowering in late autumn.

GROWING IN POTS

Langustifolia ’Hidcote’

Lavender can be grown in large pots, using multipurpose or loam-based compost such as John Innes No 3, with some extra coarse grit, up to 30percent by volume, to improve the drainage, and some controlled release fertiliser granules. Ensure that the compost is regularly watered in summer, but for improved cold tolerance, kept on the dry side during winter by A study at the standing in a cold University of Suss ex greenhouse or in found that two la te the rain shadow of blooming varietie s walls. were particularly valuable to bees Most lavender can L.x intermedia be grown in pots, ‘Ed elw eiss” and but it is ideal for ‘Gros Bleu’ were tender types - H3 the cultivars most (half hardy) or H2 visited by all bees, (tender), such as most of which wer L. canariensis, e bu mblebees. L. dentata var. dentata ‘Royal Crown’ AGM.

The best f or bees

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Lavandula intermedia ‘Provence’

Langustifolia ‘Miss Dawnderry’ 25


A tempting TASTE OF ITALY

Elizabeth McCorquodale sees the difference with the Italian way of growing vegetables - chosen for taste not for yield or looks Walk around any Italian city and cast your gaze upwards and you’ll be presented with the proof, if any were needed, that food – good food, full of scent and flavour - is at the heart of Italian life. Vegetables and herbs jostle for position alongside flowers on balconies and in window boxes, and kale and artichokes are as likely to be planted in municipal gardens as flowering bedding plants. It is an odd fact that so many of the foods that make up our idea of quintessentially Italian fare have only been in cultivation there for a relatively short time. Peppers and tomatoes came originally from South America, as did corn, but stuffed Romenesco peppers and golden polenta are as Italian as you can get; and the ubiquitous tomato is at the very heart of so many Italian regional dishes. That said there are as many variations to ‘Italian’ cuisine as there are regions and climates. From the rich, cream-laden, alpine dishes of the North to the healthy, vegetable-based offerings of the South, there is in fact only one thing that binds them all together and that is an absolute dedication to flavour; full-on, in-your-face flavour.

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The difference between our choice of veggies and theirs is that they were never tempted to abandon flavour in pursuit of yield, uniformity or shelf-life, so while the Italian kitchen garden (called an Orto) will contain all the veggies that are found in British gardens – Brussels sprouts, beets, potatoes, spinach, broccoli, carrots, turnips, onions and leeks for instance – theirs will be chosen for their flavour and their suitability to the regional variations of climate and soil, a trick that we would do well to emulate. A carrot or leek that will thrive in the Alps may not do so well at the sun-baked foot of Mount Vesuvius or, come to that, in a city garden in the West Midlands. Clearly it is best to select varieties that perform well in your area, so long, of course, as they are packed with flavour. While the soils of Italy are as varied as ours, what they have which we do not is a long growing season and reliable sunshine. Some plants – corn, courgettes and winter squash for instance – need a long growing season, while others – aubergines and peppers for example – need a long, hot growing season to perform their best. But all is not lost as long as we have a


greenhouse or -just as effective- a homemade frame covered with polythene. The run of the mill acorn or butternut squash are both reliable winter squash with long keeping qualities in most areas of the this country but if you hanker for something truly Italian go for the ‘Da Marmalata’ or ‘Tonda Padana’. As for summer squash, there are dozens to choose from, but the two that stand out are ‘Da Flore’ a sterile variety that has no fruit at all, so it can put all its energy into producing flowers for stuffing, and Rugosa friulana a lovely, warty, flavourful summer squash that will attract a lot of attention. To get the most out of your squash plant them atop your compost heap where their roots can revel in the damp, nutritious warmth throughout the season. Tomatoes are, of course, an essential, and they must be chosen for thin skins and sweet flavour. You could do a lot worse than ‘Principe Borghese da Appendere’, a trailing or climbing variety that is perfect for drying or ‘Costoluto Florotino’ which is a big, flavourful beefsteak tomato or even ‘San marzano nano scipio’, a small bush plum tomato that is perfect both for eating and cooking. For a true Italian artichoke choose either the large headed, green Romanesco or the pointy, early season ‘Violetta di Chioggia’ which can be cropped twice. Harvest the first crop early in the year when the heads are tiny, then cut the whole plant back to encourage a second crop later in the season. While peppers have only been around in Italy for 500 years, they have well and truly got their feet under the table and now play an indispensible role on the national menu. Some of the best sweet peppers are the long thin ‘Dolce of Bergamo’ which is perfect for grilling, and the Italian favourite, ‘Giallo d’Asti’, a big boxy green pepper which ripens to a sweet yellow with an outstanding flavour. For something with a bit of bite try the medium-hot, meaty ‘Ciliegia Piccante’ which is delicious stuffed with a mild soft cheese to counter the heat, or very hot ‘Adorno’ which is very pretty, taking on a violet hue when ripe. Aubergines make their way into a huge number of Italian dishes (think aubergine parmigiana; marinated, barbequed aubergines, and the ratatouille-like stew with Italian sausage.) Most varieties don’t need the old salt-and-drain method to rid them of bitterness, but if decide on an heirloom variety a good soak and rinse will ensure it is palatable. Choose from ‘Violetta Lunga’, a long deep-purple variety, or the light mauve ‘Prospero’ or perhaps ‘Tonda Bianca’, a large white variety and

always plant them in full sun. Bulb fennel is one Italian plant which really is not a fan of the heat, always doing better in cooler conditions. Romanesco is the traditional Italian choice which does equally well here, especially if it is earthed up as it matures to sweeten and tenderise the heart. For a variety that resists bolting try the alpine fennel ‘Montblanc’. Our own common and rainbow chards take on a new lease of life when given the Italian treatment. While they grow huge in the heat of the Med, they are quite happy in our variable summers and if partnered with sweet, sweated onions, a few sautéed mushrooms, some fried potatoes and plenty of elephant garlic (a large, mild relative of common garlic) they are transformed into something sublime. If chard isn’t your thing, go instead for the dark darling of the winter garden, ‘Cavelo d’Nero’ or the bitter leaves of unblanched raddichio (try Trevigiana ‘Svelte’ ), chicory or escarole (try Escarole bionda) all mainstays of the Italian kitchen garden. If you have limited space you could do worse than try ‘Puntarelle Catalogna Brindisi’ which is a little like a chicory crossed with a dandelion crossed with a fennel. It is delicious flash fried in a little lemony olive oil with garlic and pepper. The beauty of the Orto is not only in its variety, but in the colour and pattern of so many of the individual plants, not least the broccoli and cauliflower varieties that are prized around the Med. The bright green spirals of Romensoco or the beautiful purple of Violetta de Sicilia will brighten up any plate - as long as they are served raw; sadly the colours fade when they are boiled. Despite all the wonderful vegetables of the Italian kitchen garden, it is nothing without its herbs, and oregano is the queen of the Orto. It is the primary flavouring of any tomato sauce, be it for pizza, pasta or gnocci, and the main constituent of Italian seasoning together with marjoram, parsley, rosemary and thyme. Other herbs that you will find in any Italian herb garden are sage, sorrel, mustard leaf, anise, leaf fennel, lovage, dill, coriander leaf, erba stella, salad burnet, chives, rocket and the essential and delightful basil.

From left to right: Ciliegia Piccante; Trevigiana Svelte; Squash flowers for stuffing; Violetta Lunga; Violetta di Chioggia; Rugosa friulana

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Higher Ash Farm, Ash, Dartmouth, Devon TQ6 0LR

GARDEN Visits THE BEST GARDENS TO VISIT compiled by Vivienne Lewis

There’s a wealth of gardens to visit in the lovely month of May, a huge selection ranging from gracious lawns and fine trees, to small but well stocked town gardens with great ideas in design and planting. Here’s a selection that are open for charity in the areas we cover. We advise checking where possible before starting a journey as circumstances can force private gardens to cancel their openings.

We’re introducing a key to facilities on offer at the gardens: Refreshments available Plants usually for sale Wheelchair access to much of garden

Partial wheelchair access Unsuitable for wheelchairs Dogs on short leads

Visitors welcome by arrangement Coaches welcome consult owners Accommodation at this venue

OWLACOMBE FARM Roborough, Winkleigh, Devon EX19 8TG Opening once more for the Devon Air Ambulance, Owlacombe Farm’s four-acre garden and woodland garden has a splendid collection of more than 400 rhododendrons and azaleas, five ponds and bluebell woods. Open for the Devon Air Ambulance on Sunday 20th May, 1pm-5pm. Admission £4. Details on 01805603385 or email rosrob.pickard@gmail.com

AVIEMORE Chinham Road, Bartley, Southampton SO40 2LF A richly planted, small garden in the north New Forest with lawns, gravel areas and a vegetable plot. Oak bridges criss-cross a small stream. Old alpine troughs and quirky artifacts add to its structure, texture and colour, for plant connoisseurs and to show enthusiasts new plants and ideas for smaller gardens. Opening for the NGS: Sunday 20th May, 2pm-5pm. Admission: adults £3.50, children free. Contact Sandy & Alex Robinson on 02380 813651 or email: hears2u@gmail.com 28

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THE THATCHED COTTAGE Church Road, Upper Farringdon, Alton, Hampshire GU34 3EG The 1½ acre garden has been rescued and developed over the past seven years around a Grade II listed 16th century cottage (not open) in the conservation area opposite the church. Open with Berry Cottage. Open for the NGS: Sunday 13th May, 2pm5.30pm. Admission: adult £6, children free. Also open Sundays 1st July , 29th July, 19th August, 2nd September, all 2pm-5.30pm. Contact Mr David & Mrs Cally Horton on 01420 587922 or email: dwhorton@btinternet.com

CHEVITHORNE BARTON Tiverton, Devon EX16 7QB Visit during an exciting time of development, with newly planted areas, walled garden, summer borders and woodland of rare trees and shrubs, and a large collection of magnolias, camellias, and rhododendrons. Home to a Plant Heritage National Collection of Quercus (oaks) in 12 hectares of parkland with more than 400 different taxa – and sometimes a flock of Jacob sheep and rare breed woodland pigs. Open for the NGS: Sunday 6th May, (& Sunday 2nd September), 12pm-5pm. Admission: adults £5, children free. Chris McDonald (Head Gardener) 07920038083 chris. mcdonald007@gmail.com www.oaksofchevithornebarton.com

HIGHER ASH FARM Ash, Dartmouth, Devon TQ6 0LR An evolving two and a half acre garden, high up in the South Devon countryside with a large kitchen garden terraced into the hillside with adjoining orchard, vibrant azaleas and rhododendrons surrounding the barns and courtyard; herbaceous borders, shrubs and lawns, pond and stream. Opens with nearby Bay Tree Cottage on June and August dates (see below). Open for the NGS: Sundays 13th & 20th May, Saturday 23rd & Sunday 24th June, Saturday 11th & Sunday 12th August, all 2pm-5pm; Sunday 7th October, 1.30pm-4.30pm. Admission: adults £5, children free. www.higherashfarm.com or call 07595 507516, or email: matthew.perkins18@yahoo.co.uk

CHINE VIEW 15a Cassel Avenue, Poole, Dorset BH13 6JD A new opening for the National Gardens Scheme, this Chine garden two miles outside Bournemouth is next to a public footpath leading to the beach, with an extensive terraced rockery incorporating 330 tons of Purbeck stone, palladian rotunda, subtropical plants and profusion of azaleas and rhododendrons. Open for the NGS: Thursday 17th & Sunday 20th May, also Sunday 1st July, all 1pm-5pm. Admission: adults £4, children free. www.countrygardener.co.uk

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THE BEST GARDENS T O V ISI T IN MAY

MAYFIELD 4 Walford Close, Wimborne Minster, Dorset BH21 1PH A town garden with formal hard landscaping and droughtresistant shrubs and perennials in the front and a wide variety of hostas; a series of garden rooms at the back has herbaceous perennial beds, winding grass paths and rustic arches. Pond, vegetable beds and greenhouses containing succulents and vines. Open for the NGS: Sunday 13th, Wednesday 16th & Sunday 27th May, Wednesdays 6th & 13th June, all 2pm-5pm. Admission: adults £3.50, children free. Contact Mr & Mrs Terry Wheeler on 01202 849838 or email: terry.wheeler@tesco.net

STONELEIGH DOWN Upper Tockington Road, Tockington, Bristol BS32 4LQ A new opening for the NGS, redesigned in 2014 by the current owners, it’s a densely planted garden with a wide variety of trees, shrubs and bulbs for year-round interest and still evolving. The south-facing curved gravel pathways connect the themed areas that flow into each other: subtropical, wildlife and oriental ponds, seasonal planting. Open for the NGS: Saturday 26th & Sunday 27th May, 1pm-5pm. Saturday 1st & Sunday 2nd September, all 1pm5pm. Admission: adults £4, children free.

RENDY FARM Oake, Taunton, Somerset TA4 1BB A three-acre garden with formal walled front garden, raised vegetable beds, greenhouse and polytunnel enclosed by hornbeam, box and yew hedging. Decorative fruit and cut flower beds, meadow with large wild pond and orchard with stream running through, marked by pollarded willows, and a new shepherd’s hut garden. Open for the NGS: Sunday 20th May, 1pm-5pm. Admission: adults £4, children free.

ARK FARM Old Wardour, Tisbury, Salisbury, Wiltshire SP3 6RP Informal hidden gardens in a beautiful setting with a small wooded area, pond, water plants, lakeside walk, and views of Old Wardour castle. Open for the NGS: Sunday 20th May, 2pm-5pm. Admission: adults £4, children free.

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NAVAS HILL HOUSE Bosanath Valley, Mawnan Smith, Falmouth, Cornwall TR11 5LL A 8½-acre elevated valley garden with paddocks, woodland, kitchen garden and ornamental areas, walled rose garden, water features and rockery. Young and established wooded areas with bluebells, camellia walks and young large leafed rhododendrons. Seating areas with views across a wooded valley. Open for the NGS: Sunday 6th May, 2pm5pm. Admission: adults, £5, children free. Contact Aline and Richard Turner on 01326 251233 or email: alineturner@btinternet.com

ROTHBURY 5 St Peters Road, North Malvern, Worcestershire WR14 1QS

WHITCOMBE HOUSE Overbury, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire A classical English cottage garden. Sit by the Captains bridge, near a brook banked with primula, astilbe geranium. Pastel coloured borders with rose, Potentilla, Smilicinia, acers and shrubbery areas. Open for the NGS: Sundays 6th May, 3rd June, 2pm5pm. Admission: adults £4, children free. Contact Faith & Anthony Hallett on 01386 725206 or email: faith.hallett1@gmail.com

You can have a Continental breakfast here, on the slopes of the Malvern Hills, in a 1/3 acre plant-lovers’ garden surrounding an Arts and Crafts house (not open), with herbaceous borders, rockery, wildlife pond, vegetables, small orchard, terraces accessed by sloping paths and steps. Refreshments through the day in aid of Parkinson’s UK. Open for the NGS: Bank Holiday Monday 28th May, 8.30am-5pm. Admission: Adults £3, children free. Also Sundays 24th June & 22nd July, 11am-5pm.

WELLFIELD BARN Walcombe Lane, Wells, Somerset BA5 3AG This ½-acre garden, created from a concrete farmyard has a ha-ha, wonderful views, pond, lawn, mixed borders, formal sunken garden, hydrangea bed, grass walks and interesting young and semi-mature trees, and a new areas under development. Open for the NGS: Tuesday 29th May, 11.30am-4.30pm. Admission: adults £4.50. children free. Contact Virginia Nasmyth on 01749 675129. www.countrygardener.co.uk

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THE BEST GARDENS T O V ISI T IN MAY

THE WALLED GARDEN AT TILGATE PARK Tilgate Drive, Crawley, Sussex RH10 5PQ A chance to explore the walled garden and heritage grounds of Tilgate Park with the head gardener, Nick Hagon; see in May the azaleas, camellias, candelabra primulas and rhododendron collection. Talk begins at 7pm. Open for the NGS: Wednesday 23rd & Thursday 24th May; Wednesday 18th July & Thursday 19th July, all at 6.30pm-9pm. Admission: adults £7 (glass wine & canapes included), children free. For more details contact Crawley Borough Council at www.friendsoftilgatepark.co.uk

RAMBLERS

HARLAND GARDENS

Lower Common, Aylburton, Lydney, Gloucestershire GL15 6DS

Penland Road, Haywards Heath, West Sussex RH16 1PH An eclectic mix of four town gardens – awkward shapes and differing gradients from rich cottagestyle planting schemes, varied ponds, delightful courtyards, to practical kitchen gardens and habitats for wildlife. Adjacent woodland provides beautiful walks (maybe muddy). Plants sale at 52 Penland Road. Open for the NGS: Saturday 19th & Sunday 20th May, 1pm-5pm. Admission: adults £5, children free.

This past winner of The English Garden’s Britain’s Best Gardener’s Garden competition has been opening for the NGS for many years, but Jane and Leslie Hale are taking a well-earned rest after this season. Don’t miss this country garden with immense variety in little more than an acre, with herbaceous planting, a pond, a wild flower meadow, a mature apple orchard with heritage trees, and a large, productive vegetable garden. Open for the NGS: Sunday 6th May, 1.30-5.30pm. Admission: £4, children free.

68 WINDSOR AVENUE St Johns, Worcester, Worcestershire WR2 5NB Be surprised by this tranquil garden behind a 1930s semi-detached house in a cul-de-sac, where there’s nearly an acre that includes bog gardens, flower beds, ‘oriental’ area, vegetable patch, five greenhouses, a Koi pond plus three other ponds varying in styles, chickens and ornamental pheasants. Open for the NGS: Sunday 27th & Bank Holiday Monday 28th May. Admission: Adults £4.50, children free. Contact Roger & Barbara Parker on 01905 428723 or email: robarpark@googlemail.com 32

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ADVICE

Country Gardener

A regular look at practical help and advice over a range of gardening problems and opportunities.

ADV ICE

Is the ‘Chelsea chop’ too severe? It’s about the time for the perennial fascination with the “Chelsea chop” - the ritual cutting back of herbaceous plants which coincides with the Chelsea Flower Show. The wisdom underlying this late spring beheading is that by cutting back your plants by around a third in late May, it forces them to respond by producing stockier shoots. These are less prone to flopping, and are laden with a better, if later, display. Increasingly many gardeners are wary of this and believe anything likely to delay, let alone decapitate, the first blooms of astrantias and heleniums, not to mention other bee- and hoverfly-friendly perennials, is a tough call. So if a full-on Chelsea chop seems a cut too far, there’s a middle way which can work with any plants that flower on this year’s growth. Cutting back around a third of the shoots of multi-stemmed perennials by half means you’ll get early flowers, and then plenty more later on as the pruned shoots catch up. Try this with sneezeweed (helenium) or herbaceous phlox. Buddleia and lavatera respond similarly if you leave around a third of the old shoots intact, rather than hard-pruning them all in spring. Flowers appear on last year’s shoots first, which are followed by those on this year’s growth. As the main, towering spikes of hollyhocks, foxgloves and delphiniums fade, they will all send up a later flush of follow-on flower spikes if the old spike is chopped off just above the developing side shoots.

Gherkins need to be kept frost free

Gherkins to grow outdoors Gherkins are cultivars of cucumbers that produce many small fruits with few seeds and thick skins - and significantly are harvested while small. If you want to try growing these the best time to plant is the third week in May when all the frosts have gone. Plant 45cm apart in wellprepared soil in a sunny but sheltered position. They can be grown indoors and/or they can be moved out later. Keep them well watered until established and in dry weather. They can be left to grow wild along the floor but it’s best to train along a trellis, fence, stake, wire or string. Carefully train them to grow clockwise up a string, picking the side shoots and flowers off up to 30cm high. Then only pick the side shoots off and let the plant carry on growing up to about six feet tall. Once it has reached the top of the support let the plant grow wild coming back down towards the floor. Pick off any yellow dead leaves along the way. Only begin to feed once you see the first two growing-not before!

There is a less severe option to the ‘Chelsea Chop‘

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Bushes should be pruned to promote an open habit, so sun can penetrate inside the bush as well. And lastly, make sure that water is freely given during the key period as the berries start to plump up, in May and June. Remember you want juicy berries as well as sweet ones! Once a day, water the area beneath the bush with a hose until the soil is damp or slightly wet. Take care not to splash the foliage or the developing fruits. You have to be careful with variety selection – the more familiar cooking varieties outnumber those that are sweeter, and they tend to be the red or yellow skinned varieties.

Here are some varieties to look out for: The older cultivars are the better when it comes to gooseberries

OLDER CULTIVARS PROVIDE GOOSEBERRY DELIGHTS The sweetest dessert gooseberries offer a delicious alternative to the more commonly known culinary varieties and these mostly older cultivars are often fondly remembered from childhood days as ‘gooseberries you could eat straight off the bush’. Thin skinned, sweet and so delicious, it’s not surprising they are remembered with such fondness. Which means lots, and lots of sunshine! The more sun any fruit gets, then the sweeter it is because sunshine helps develop the sugar content in the fruit! It’s worth finding the warmest, sunniest spot you can find when planting.

‘LEVELLER’ - one of the most popular of all varieties. The fruits are large and sumptuous to eat with a rich, divine flavour. The skin colour is yellow when fully ripe, which is usually about mid June at which time it develops a characteristic, almost greengage type flavour. ‘MAY DUKE’ - one of the finest reds and useful in that it can be used as a dual purpose gooseberry – frequently used in the kitchen whilst green, and then enjoyed for dessert when fully ripe, whereupon it is a fine dark red. ‘HEDGEHOG’ - one of the most popular of the oldies with a sugary aromatic flavour and a rich deep ruby skin colouring. Despite it’s name, not especially spiny, at least no more so than the next variety! Described as having the ‘perfect dessert flavour’ this heirloom has been known for over 100 years.

Fighting whiteflies in the garden Glasshouse whitefly (Trialeurodes) is an increasingly common problem on indoor and edible plants. Whether they are on ornamentals or vegetables, whitefly control can be tricky and difficult. But controlling whiteflies in the garden is not impossible. Whiteflies are part of a group of sap sucking insects that can cause problems in the garden. Other sap sucking insects include aphids, scale and mealy bugs. The effects of these insects, including whiteflies, are nearly all the same. The signs that you may have whiteflies or one of its cousins is a sticky film on the leaves, yellow leaves and stunted growth. The way to determine if you specifically have whiteflies is to inspect the insects you find on the plant. Typically, the insects can be found on the underside of the leaves. The garden pests whiteflies look just like their name. They will look like a tiny whitefly or moth. Normally whiteflies become a problem when their natural predators, such as ladybugs, are not present in the area. This can happen for many reasons, ranging from pesticide use to bad weather. Controlling whiteflies in the garden can become difficult without the help from their natural predators; therefore, making sure that the area is good for their predators is important. Whitefly predators include: green lacewings, pirate Whiteflies can be a depressing sight bugs and whitefly predators. Using these beneficial insects are the best way how to kill whiteflies. You can also try spraying the affected plant with a lightly pressurized stream of water. This will knock the insects off the plant and will reduce, but not eliminate their numbers. You can also try controlling whiteflies in the garden by using reflective surfaces, like foil or discarded CDs, around the plants. This can have a repelling effect on the whiteflies and may keep them off the plant. Alternately, you can try sticky tape, which will help to eliminate the current population of whiteflies on your plants and prevent them from laying more eggs. Do not use insecticides as a way to kill whiteflies. They are resistant to most insecticides and you will only make the problem worse by killing their natural enemies. 34

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Problems growing chillies

Biochar’s use in garden soils Organic material carbonized at high temperatures with little or no oxygen is called ‘biochar’ and is sometimes sold commercially as a soil conditioner and as an ingredient in peat reduced and peat- free potting composts. Biochar is a type of fine-grained charcoal created by burning wood and agricultural by-products slowly, at low temperatures, with a reduced oxygen supply. Although biochar is a new term, use of the substance in gardens is not a new concept. In fact, researchers believe that early residents of the Amazon rainforest enhanced soil productivity by using biochar, which they produced by burning agricultural waste slowly in trenches or pits. You can create biochar in your own garden by burning brush, wood shavings, dry weeds and other garden debris in a trench but it isn’t easy to create the precise conditions. Light a hot fire so the oxygen supply is quickly reduced, and then let the fire burn down. Initially, the smoke from the fire should be white as water vapour is released, gradually turning yellow as resins and other materials are burned. Biochar as a soil amendment enhances plant growth and reduces need for water and fertilizer. This is because more moisture and nutrients remain in the soil and don’t leach into the groundwater. Scientists believe that soil improved by biochar is more efficient, retaining critical nutrients such as magnesium, calcium, phosphorus and nitrogen. Additionally, nutrients present in the soil are more available to plants, making good soil even better. Biochar is available commercially and as it is highly resistant to decomposition has been suggested as a way of ‘locking up’ more carbon in the soil.

It can be immensely rewarding growing chillies but they are tropical plants and so they can be a bit needier than many gardeners think. Here’s three problems you might encounter: BLOSSOM END ROT This condition develops in green fruits of chillies, peppers and tomatoes. It is a problem caused by calcium deficiency, caused either by a sudden increase in demand for calcium as the fruit develops or by excessive nitrogen, reducing the uptake of calcium. It is essential for plants to have a good flow of water. Plants is small pots are particularly susceptible to drying out and water logging, which can prevent the distribution of calcium around the plant. FLOWER DROP This is a common problem, particularly early in the season. Especially with chinense varieties, you will find that the first flush of flowers either not set at all, or set only for the newly forming pod to drop with the flower. Overwatering is the most common cause of all chilli growing problems and can cause flower drop. Underwatering can also cause flower drop. Keep soil moist but not wet. A generous helping of coir or vermiculite in the compost will soak up excess water and release it back as the plant needs it.

Blossom end rot, caused by calcium deficiency

POWDERY MILDEW This disease affects chilli plant leaves, typically in the flowering and fruiting stage in the most humid part of the summer. It can severely affect your crop size. The disease looks exactly as its name suggests, like a powdery white mildew. Prevention is key with this pathogen. Make sure your plants are well spaced and ventilated so that they can dry out between waterings.

HOW TO WATER PLANTS It may seem obvious but, many gardeners are uncertain when, how and how much to water their plants. Any easy rule is that few plants tolerate continuous wet soil. Leave the soil until it has become almost dry before re-watering. You can test the water content of soil with your finger pushing it a couple of inches in and seeing how damp it is. And do not sit container plants in saucers of water for too long as this can cause root rot. www.countrygardener.co.uk

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to visit

GREAT PLACES

After the cold and wet of a long winter, May this year promises to be a special time for gardeners and garden lovers – especially with what is on offer when it comes to taking a relaxing day or days off. We are heading fast for the busiest time of year when there’s a wonderful selection of choice of venues ranging from National Trust properties, gardens, stately homes, events, plant fairs, shows, places to stay and holidays in the UK and abroad. It’s a great time to enjoy a passion in gardens and gardening, We’ve just a few suggestions which we know you’ll enjoy.

Our suggestions of places to go and things to do in May with gardens and gardening in mind

Hartland is heaven in May May is a heavenly time to visit the Hartland Abbey gardens. The tulips dazzle visitors to the Walled Gardens and the ancient wisteria over the front door fills the house with its heavy scent. Bluebells and wildflowers line the walks to the beach and the gardens and foxgloves spring up where St Nectan walked with his head under his arm! The house is filled with the pot plants grown in the greenhouses. The coastal footpath on the Hartland Abbey Estate is a wonderful sight with its carpets of wildflowers. All details on www.hartlandabbey.com

PLANT HERITAGE DORSET The National Plant Conservation Charity, Plant Heritage, is celebrating its 40th anniversary this year and Dorset features heavily in the celebrations. The national annual meeting is being held near Wareham from 27th to 29th April and three Specialist Plant Fairs will be held in the county, offering a range of unusual plants and savings direct from the growers. The first is at Athelhampton House on Sunday, 6th May, the second at Abbotsbury Subtropical Gardens on Sunday, 1st July and the third back at Athelhampton on Sunday 9th September. Admission is £7 and includes all day access to the gardens worth between £10 and £12.50. Athelhampton House Tel. 01305 848363; Abbotsbury Gardens Tel. 01305 871387. Plant Heritage organiser: martinyoung100@btinternet.com

Barnsley celebrates its 30th anniversary Barnsley Village near Cirencester in Gloucestershire celebrates 30 consecutive years of opening their gardens on Saturday 19th May. It is also the 100th anniversary of the birth of Rosemary Verey and as the founder of the festival she will be remembered in a special exhibition at Barnsley House. Barnsley residents love showing off their beautiful village to the hundreds of visitors who come every year. Opening from 10.30 to 5pm. Admission is £7. For further details email festival@barnsleyvillage.co.uk

Camellia delight at Abbotsbury Established in 1765, the gardens at Abbotsbury have been the site of many plant introductions to this country. The first camellias introduced to Great Britain in 1792 are now magnificent tree groves! At the heart of the garden is the colonial restaurant with its splendid veranda which overlooks the sunken garden. There is a well-stocked plant centre full of home grown plants not normally available to purchase. A quality gift shop, a children’s play area and free car parking are available. The gardens open every day (except Christmas and New Year period) from 10am to 5pm in the summer with last admission one hour before closing. Abbotsbury Gardens, Buller’s Way, Abbotsbury, Weymouth DT3 4LA. Tel: 01305 871387. www.abbotsburygardens.co.uk 36

PLANT FINDER’S PLANT

FAIR Sunday 1st July 10am to 3pm l Rare

and unusual shrubs Palms & Tree Ferns l Camellias l New seasons herbaceous plants l Hardy Ferns l NEW for 2018 Cacti and Succulents l Specimen

l

Craft stalls

£7 admission includes entry to the Gardens.

Abbotsbury Dorset DT3 4LA Abbotsburygardens.co.uk


LUKESLAND GARDENS 24 acres of Rare Shrubs, Trees, Pools & Waterfalls

2018

Home-made soups & cakes Sundays, Wednesdays and Bank Holidays 11am – 5pm 25th March - 10th June

COUNTY SHOW

17•18•19 MAY

Harford Ivybridge PL21 0JF Tel 01752 691749

www.lukesland.co.uk

Cerney House Gardens A Romantic English Garden in the UK Cotswolds 46 acres of Cotswold parkland Romantic secret garden * Wildlife and woodland walks * Plants for sale * A large variety of hellebores and tulips * Refreshments available at the old Bothy Open every day until 31st October 10-5pm Admission: £5 adults, £1 children

Telephone 01285 831300 www.cerneygardens.com Cerney House Gardens, North Cerney, Cirencester, Gloucestershire GL7 7BX

43rd Cerne Abbas

Old Court Nurseries & The Picton Garden

Open Gardens More than 25 Private Gardens Open

16th & 17th June, 2-6pm Day ticket to all gardens Adults £7.00 Ticket for 2 days £10.00 Accompanied children free Teas in St Mary’s Church from 1.30pm Plant Stall Free Car Park (DT2 7GD) from 11am Equal proceeds to: Cerne Valley Scout Group & Dorset County Hospital Cancer Appeal

The Michaelmas Daisy Specialists since 1906 112 years of knowledge, passion and plants

It's a great time to plan your 2018 autumn displays. Mail order catalogue available on request or order online www.autumnasters.co.uk for delivery in May.

www.cerneabbasopengardens.org.uk

Water Gardens & Cafe Muddiford, Barnstaple, Devon, EX31 4ET

• Waterside cafe open 10am-4pm • Cream teas & light lunches • Design, construction & maintenance of ponds & lakes • Water features • Habit restoration • Ornamental fish & Plants

Tel: 01271 344533 mail@blakewell.co.uk

www.blakewell.co.uk

Open for the National Garden Scheme

Sunday 6th & Thursday 24th May 11am-5pm Admission £3.50

OPEN: 1st May-31st July Wednesday to Saturday, 2-5pm or by appointment. Later in the year: From 1st-31st August - Wed-Sun, 11am-5pm 1st September to 20th October - Daily, 11am-5pm

Tel: 01684 540416 www.autumnasters.co.uk Old Court Nurseries, Walwyn Road, Colwall WR13 6QE www.countrygardener.co.uk

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GREAT PLACES T O V ISI T

£100 off as Expressions tempts you to Tuscany

Take a tasty trip to Blakewell

Expressions Holidays have a tempting six-night small group tour of Tuscany gardens which combines Chianti and Lucca to reflect the diversity and beauty of Tuscan villas and gardens. It is the chance to witness Italianate, Baroque, parkland, water features, classical structures and beautiful views, ideal for a spring getaway or autumn break. There will be a maximum of 14 people on the tour. Prices are from £2,650 per person with departures on Sundays 20th May, 10th June and 9th September. Expressions Holidays is offering Country Gardener readers a reduction of £100 per person for booking any garden tours of Tuscany before 31st May. Fully protected by ATOL 3076. Contact Expressions Holidays on 01392 441275. www.expressionsholidays.co.uk

Blakewell’s waterside café, five minutes from Barnstaple, is now open to visit, offering homemade food and a selection of cakes, cream teas and coffee. From the farm you can sample fresh rainbow trout grown in sparkling clear Exmoor spring water. There’s the chance to walk the grounds and feed the trout, then order fresh trout which will be caught and cleaned for you to take home. Blakewell also offers the family fishing experience where you can catch your own trout. The team have more than 25 year’s experience in the design, construction and maintenance of ponds. Blakewell, Muddiford, Barnstaple, Devon EX31 4ET. Tel: 01271 344533 www.blakewell.co.uk

Lukesland Gardens – delights for all ages Lukesland Gardens, just ten minutes off the A38 in a hidden valley a mile north of Ivybridge, offers May Day delights for all ages. There are banks of azaleas and rhododendrons are luminous against the new green of the beech trees; wild bluebells and campions abound by a Dartmoor stream, criss-crossed by picturesque bridges. For children there is a nature trail with prizes and homemade soup and cakes in the Victorian tea-room. Dogs welcome on a lead. Open Sundays, Wednesdays and Bank Holidays 11am to 5pm until 10th June. www.lukesland.co.uk or www.facebook.com/lukeslandgardens or phone 01752 691749.

Axe Vale Festival – a great Devon day out The hugely popular Axe Vale Show on Saturday, 23rd and Sunday 24th June has something for everybody – from exhibits of plants and shrubs to locally-sourced delicious food and drink. Marquees full of arts, crafts, toys, collectables as well as antique and vintage items are there for you to browse through. There will be stalls selling everything from kitchen utensils to horse blankets. After all the browsing, you can relax outside and enjoy the spectacular entertainment. On Saturday compete in the Axe Vale Dog Show and on Sunday enjoy watching a sheep-shearer at work. Show opens from 10am to 6pm. Adult tickets £10 on the gate. Discounted tickets are available online www.axevaleshow.com Axe Vale Festival, The Showground, Trafalgar Way, Axminster EX13 5RJ.

Fifty acres of garden delights at Castle Hill

Castle Hill Gardens, at Filleigh near South Molton offers the chance to discover 50 acres of privately owned 18th century Devon gardens and explore winding pathways and beautiful woodland. Terraced walks give stunning parkland views and the opportunity to stroll amongst statues, follies and temples. The woodland garden is carpeted with primroses under ancient specimen trees, 176 different magnolias, camellias, rhododendrons and azaleas are in full display. May welcomes the start of Outdoor Theatre shows with a performance of David Walliams’ The Midnight Gang. Open daily except Saturdays 11am to 5pm. Adults £7, children (5-15) £3, seniors, £6.50. Groups welcome by prior arrangement. For a calendar of events visit www.castlehilldevon. co.uk or call 01598 760336. Castle Hill Gardens, Filleigh, near South Molton, Devon, EX32 0RH. 38

Garden House opens its doors to budding photographers The Garden House at Buckland Monachorum near Tavistock in Devon opens its gates this month to budding garden photographers wanting to improve and show off their skills. Philip Smith, professional garden photographer and founder of the ‘International Garden Photographer of the Year’ is hosting his first workshop at this extraordinary garden on Saturday 26th May, when the wisterias around the garden will be flowering and the Cottage Garden will be a sea of pink, white and blue. Entries will also be open to all comers in the second ‘Photo of the Month’ competition. The Garden House, Buckland Monachorum, Yelverton, PL20 7LQ. For more details visit www.thegardenhouse.org.uk

Great family day out at Buckfast Abbey Garden Fair The Millennium Garden Fair opens at Buckfast Abbey from 10am to 5pm on Saturday, 2nd June and promises to be a great day out for families and garden enthusiasts alike. Entry is free. Toby Buckland of BBC Radio Devon fame, along with other gardening and wildlife experts will be hosting talks and presentations, sharing their wealth of knowledge, offering a few gardening tips too! There will also be an opportunity to put challenging gardening questions to the experts. The day will be packed with activity workshops for children, garden and rural craft demonstrations as well as tree climbing demonstrations. There will also be entertainment by the Dartington Morris Men and the South Devon Singers. There’s the chance to walk and browse the stalls and exhibitors including works by local artists and craftsmen, garden machinery, plant nurseries, herbal remedies and more. Buckfast Abbey, Buckfast, TQ11 0EE. Tel: 01364 645507 www.buckfast.org.uk

Country Gardener


May Fairs 20th May

Winterbourne House & Garden, Birmingham B15 2RT

27th May

Overbeck's in Salcombe

Kingston Bagpuize House, Oxfordshire OX13 5AX www.rareplantfair.co.uk Please visit our website for full details of admission fees and times of opening.

Take in the view when you visit our sub-tropical paradise. Garden, Museum, Shop and Tearoom. Open daily until 28 October from 11am to 5pm. Call 01548 842893 for details nationaltrust.org.uk/overbecks When you visit, donate, volunteer or join the National Trust, your support helps us to look after special places for ever, for everyone.

#nationaltrust

© National Trust 2017. The National Trust is an independent registered charity, number 205846. Photography © National Trust Images\National Trust/Eric McDonald.

          

Hidden beauty in rural Oxfordshire

Gardens Open

Spring Bank Holiday (Monday 28th May) for the NGS then every Tuesday & Thursday in June, July & August 2.00pm to 6.00pm

Cream teas ~ Museum ~ Gift shop Private garden tours can also be arranged

            Clanfield ~ Oxfordshire ~ OX18 2SU 

ITALIAN GARDENS

SMALL GROUP TOURS TUSCANY Visits: Poggio Torselli, Villa Vignamaggio, WITH GUIDED VISITS Villa Geggiano, Villa Grabau, Villa Reale 20 May, 10 Jun, 9 Sep. OF ITALIAN GARDENS 2018: From £2,650 per person • Maximum 14 people per group • Local garden guides and guided garden visits included • Six nights in 4 or 5 star hotels, two per tour • British Airways flights included Special offers may apply - full details on our website

LAKES COMO AND MAGGIORE Visits: Villa Babbianello, Villa Carlotta, Villa Monastero, Isola Bella, Isola Madre 2018: 15 May, 5 June, 26 June, 4 Sep. From £2,490 per person

AMALFI COAST, CAPRI & ISCHIA Visits: Villa Rufolo, Villa San Michele Axel Munthe, La Mortella 2018: 3 May, 24 May, 14 Jun, 13 Sep. From £2,460 per person

ENVIRONS OF ROME

THE

ART

OF

INTELLIGENT

Visits: Villa d’Este, Lante, Ninfa, Landriana, Castel Gandolfo 2018: 16 May, 6 Jun, 27 Jun, 12 Sep. From £2,490 per person

VENETO

T R A V E L

O R G A N I S I N G

Visits: Villa Barbarigo, Villa Emo, Villa Pisani, Giardino Giusti, Villa Rizzardi 2018: 20 Jun, 12 Sep From £2,620 per person

Founded 1989

Please call us 01392 441275 www.expressionsholidays.co.uk

Country Gardener ad horizontal half page jan 2018.indd 1

www.countrygardener.co.uk

13/01/2018 12:35:47

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Lord and Lady Lansdowne’s Private Walled Garden Tour On selected dates throughout the 2018 season you can enjoy an exclusive guided tour of the remarkable Private Walled Garden surrounding Bowood House. £34pp person (includes 2 course lunch)

One of the finest gardens in Britain 2018 Tour Dates

26th May Photography Workshop with Philip Smith, founder of International Garden Photographer of the Year. £75. See website for details.

Friday 20th April Friday 18th May Wednesday 6th June Friday 15th June Wednesday 4th July Friday 20th July Wednesday 8th August Friday 24th August

For more information or to book your tour, please call 01249 810961 or email houseandgardens@bowood.org

Free entry to tea rooms, plant centre and shop Buckland Monachorum, Yelverton, Devon PL20 7LQ 01822 854769 office@thegardenhouse.org.uk

Bowood House & Gardens Derry Hill, Calne SN11 0LZ

www.bowood.org

www.thegardenhouse.org.uk

Nature in Art

BUSCOT PARK &

7055 - Bowood House - Advertising January 2018 PWG Country Garden Magazine Ad.indd 16/01/2018 1 10:40

THE FARINGDON COLLECTION

The world’s first museum & art gallery dedicated to art inspired by nature.

One of Oxfordshire ’s best kept secrets

to become the proud owner of a specially created work of art by a renowned artist!

May 22nd - June 3rd David Shepherd - A unique

selection of original paintings by one of the UK’s best known and best loved wildlife artists and conservation icon.

May 26th - June 3rd The Wildlife Art Society - The

Wildlife Art Society International’s annual exhibition. Around 300 paintings, drawings, original prints, photographs and sculptures by members.

Children’s Activity Days

An amazing selection of activity sessions throughout school holidays! See the full programme and book your places online.

Open 30 March - 30 September Contact: Info line 01367 240932 or website ww w.buscotpark.com for opening times. 40

Open: Tues - Sun & B. Hols, 10am - 5pm Coffee & Gift Shop Tel: 01452 731422 Web: www.natureinart.org.uk Wallsworth Hall, Twigworth, Gloucester, GL2 9PA

Country Gardener

Images top to bottom: Chris Noble, David Shepherd, Angela Gaughan, Children’s Activity Days

April 24th - June 3rd Postcard Portraits - Buy a ticket


GREAT PLACES T O V ISI T

FROM LAND ARMY TO ALLOTMENTS The massive and exciting Crafts and Gardens feature at the Devon County Show on Thursday 17th, Friday 18th and Saturday 19th May, is sure to fascinate the green-fingered and those who love locally produced crafts. In the gardens section there will be displays to commemorate the centenary of World War 1 including how the Women’s Land Army in Devon helped to feed the nation; 30,000 poppies handmade to remember the lives lost from the South West will be sold in aid of the Royal British Legion. www.devoncountyshow.co.uk

Art and gardens delight at Buscot Park The Oxfordshire Georgian mansion at Buscot Park contains an extraordinary collection of furniture and art which includes paintings by Rembrandt, Reynolds, Rubens, Murillo and its Saloon was decorated with The Legend of the Briar Rose by the Pre-Raphaelite painter Sir Edward Burne-Jones. There are also gardens to explore, a ‘Four Seasons Garden’ set within old walls and the Pleasure Gardens beyond with five tree-lined avenues leading to a citrus garden, a ‘Swing Garden, the tallest sundial in England, a lake, and the Water Garden cascades designed by Harold Peto in 1903.Open until Sunday 30th September. www.buscotpark.com Buscot Park, Faringdon, Oxfordshire SN7 8BU.

STANWAY HOUSE AND THE WORLD’ LARGEST GRAVITY FOUNTAIN Stanway House is a Jacobean manor house, located near the village of Stanway in Gloucestershire. The spectacular gravity fountain in the grounds is the world’s highest, reaching 300ft. The house is a perfect example of a Cotswolds manor and has been lived in by the same family since the 16th century. There are extensive grounds to explore and fascinating history to discover. The working watermill produces flour from wheat grown on the estate. Open in June, July and August, Tuesdays and Thursdays, 2pm-5pm. The fountain plays at certain set times, subject to drought and other adverse weather conditions. Groups welcome at any time by arrangement. Dogs also welcome. Stanway House, Stanway, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire GL54 5PQ. www.stanwayfountain.co.uk

Nursery at Miserden This Garden at Miserden near Stroud in Gloucestershire was created in the 17th century and retains a wonderful sense of peace and tranquillity. There are extensive yew hedges, including a notable topiary yew walk designed by Lutyens as well as some carefully planted mixed borders, which contain a wide range of roses, clematis and herbaceous that provide colour right through from spring to autumn. There is an ancient mulberry tree, believed to be planted in 1620 and a water feature with fountain and stone summerhouse built to commemorate the Millennium. The garden is a preserved, hidden gem in the heart of the Cotswolds. The Garden at Miserden, nursery and cafe are open Tuesday to Sunday and Bank Holidays, 10am to 5pm. www.miserden.org Miserden Nursery, Miserden, Stroud, Gloucestershire GL6 7JA.

Bowood House - at its very best in late spring With its magnificent display of bluebells, rhododendrons, magnolias and azaleas unique to Wiltshire - and only in bloom for six weeks each year - Bowood’s Woodland Garden is a springtime ‘must’. Saturday 28th April is the first day of the 2018 season, so make sure a visit is in your diary. This spectacular 30-acre Woodland Garden at Bowood, home to the Lansdowne family since 1754, was originally laid out in 1854 by the 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne; the gentle upland garden boasts some of the earliest known hybrids in the UK. Tel: 01249 810961. www.bowood.org Bowood House, Derry Hill, Calne, Wiltshire SN11 0LZ.

Two May Rare Plant Fairs in classic settings One of the joys of visiting Rare Plant Fairs is that every event is set in a unique garden, with garden entry included in the admission price. Each garden has its own distinctive character, some with histories stretching back centuries. The two May fairs are no exception. On Sunday 20th May the fair returns to Winterbourne House and Garden in Birmingham, a rare example of an early 20th century suburban villa and garden. The fair opens from 10.30am until 4pm. The largest fair of the series, with over 30 exhibitors, takes place at Kingston Bagpuize House, near Abingdon, Oxfordshire, on Sunday 27th May. A proportion of the proceeds will be donated to SeeSaw, a local charity that supplies grief support for the young in Oxfordshire. The fair is open from 11am-4pm. Visit www.rareplantfair.co.uk for details including admission charges and a list of the exhibitors.

Enjoying Overbeck’s in May The Mediterranean feeling at Overbeck’s Garden comes on warm days in May. Its sheltered cliff side location offers far-reaching views, enjoyed from any number of places in the garden. For sun worshippers the grassy slopes of the Olive Grove offer the perfect spot to relax and take in the panoramic view. For those that appreciate a little shade the gazebo garden may be the preferred choice, surrounded by fragrant Mediterranean herbs and a picturesque view up the Salcombe Estuary. The terraces are the best place to soak in the views across the estuary, across to the headland of Prawle point, and what better spot to enjoy crab sandwiches or seasonal salad? Call 01548 842893 for details www.nationaltrust.org.uk/overbecks

www.countrygardener.co.uk

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GREAT PLACES T O V ISI T

Replanting set to make Cadhay – a ‘must visit’ The Cadhay gardens were put to bed well in the autumn, particularly in the main borders which should pay dividends this year at the popular Tudor manor house just five miles from the sea at Sidmouth. Over the winter the main project has been the re-paving of the Courtyard in Blue Lias which looks tremendous. Some of the old paving stones have been used to improve the rill which runs alongside the path by which visitors enter the gardens and there’s been extensive replanting which will ensure that everyone receives an excellent welcome. Cadhay, Ottery Saint Mary, Devon EX11 1QT. Tel: 01404 813511 www.cadhay.org.uk

SPRING AND SUMMER LIFE AT OLD COURT NURSERIES Nestled in the foothills of the Malvern Hills is The Picton Garden, home to more than 420 varieties of Michaelmas Daisy. Well known for its autumn displays this one and a half acre plantsman’s garden glows with the first of the asters in August and in autumn the colours intensify, reaching a crescendo in late September and the first week of October. The new generation of the family have been bringing the spring and summer to life in the garden with an emphasis on woodland planting making good use of the wonderful trees already present. The adjacent nursery is well stocked with many of the plants seen in the garden. Old Court Nurseries, Walwyn Road, Colwall, Worcestershire WR13 6QE. Tel: 01684 540416. www.autumnasters.co.uk

Little Malvern Court gardens ready to ‘show off ‘in May The gardens at Little Malvern Court sit below the wooded slopes of the Malvern Hills, with far reaching views across the Severn Valley to Bredon Hill and the Cotswolds. Particular features to look out for in May include the beautiful pots of tulips, grouped according to colour, surrounding the house. The many and varied magnificent flowering cherries and crab apple trees are in blossom. In the rose garden, alliums literally burst into flower and the early roses start to open. The gardens are just off the A449 in Little Malvern. Tel: 01684 892988. littlemalverncourt.co.uk. Little Malvern Court and Gardens, Little Malvern, Worcestershire WR14 4JN.

NATURE IN ART DEDICATED TO ART INSPIRED BY NATURE Nature in Art is the world’s first museum and art gallery dedicated to fine, decorative and applied art inspired by nature. A varied and growing collection is housed in a fine Georgian mansion just outside the famous cathedral city of Gloucester. There’s a programme of temporary exhibitions alongside regularly changing displays of collections. Exhibitions are supported by an unrivalled programme of artists in residence, children’s activity days and adult art courses. With a licensed coffee shop serving meals, plus gardens, free parking and a beautiful setting it’s a wonderful place to visit. International in scope, appeal and stature, Nature in Art is a must for all interested in world-class art, nature and heritage. Nature in Art, Wallsworth Hall, Sandhurst, Gloucester GL2 9PA.

Whitsun half term fun at The Bishop’s Palace

The Bishop’s Palace, Wells, the 800-year-old home of the Bishops of Bath and Wells continues its season of family activities this Whitsun Half Term with a week of fun from Saturday, 26th May to Sunday 3rd June. The focus will be ‘A Bishop’s Life’ and a new family picture trail created around the grounds with clues for all ages to follow to discover different areas of the site. On Friday, 1st June, Nature Ninjas family gardening sessions will take place from 11am to 3pm, with the opportunity to get hands on with the Palace gardening team and discover what jobs need doing. All events are included with standard admission. Children under five have free admission. Apart for the half term events the Bishops’ Palace is running daily-guided tours and horticultural tours of its spectacular gardens including stunning paulownia flowering in May Open until Sunday 28th October from 10am to 6pm. Tel: 01749 988111. www.bishopspalace.org.uk The Bishop’s Palace & Gardens, Wells, Somerset BA5 2PD. 42

Country Gardener

Open gardens weekend at Cerne Abbas For the 43rd time the Dorset village of Cerne Abbas will welcome visitors to its Open Gardens weekend on 16th and 17th June. The proceeds will go to Cerne Valley Scout Group and the Dorset County Hospital Cancer Appeal. About 25 private gardens normally hidden from view will be open from 2pm to 6pm. Day tickets for entry to all gardens are £7, accompanied children free, tickets available in the car park open from 11am or in the village square from 1pm. All the gardens are within easy walking distance of free car park (DT2 7GD). Tea and cake served in the church from 1.30pm and a plant stall in the village square from 1pm.This is a quintessential English weekend in the friendliest of villages. www.cerneopengardens.org.uk for more information.


Hartland Abbey & Gardens

A SPECIAL DAY OUT IN A SPECTACULAR CORNER OF NORTH DEVON Visit this historic family home with its fascinating architecture, collections and exhibitions. Beautiful 18thC walled and woodland gardens, bluebell and wildflower walks to the beach. Wonderful tulips. * Dogs welcome * Holiday Cottages * * Film location for ‘Guernsey’ * House, Gardens and Café: until 30th September, Sunday to Thursday 11am - 5pm (House 2pm - last adm. 4pm)

T H E G A R D E N, NURSERY & CAFE AT M I S E R D E N

For all information and events see www.hartlandabbey.com Hartland, Nr. Bideford EX39 6DT 01237441496/234 n ay y pe id a O y Fr h M t er 5 ev om fr

Beautiful Garden, Exceptional Plants, Superb Coffee. HOUSE, GARDENS & TEAROOM Open every Friday 2pm - 5.30pm until 28th September Also late May & August Bank Holiday weekend - Saturday, Sunday & Monday

HOUSE & GARDENS: adult £8, child £3 (last guided tour 4pm) GARDENS: adult £4, child £1,

season ticket £12pp Member of Historic Houses Association

CADHAY, OTTERY ST. MARY, DEVON, EX11 1QT 01404 813511 www.cadhay.org.uk

Open 10am-5pm Tuesday - Sunday and Bank Holidays Miserden, Stroud, Gloucestershire GL6 7JA

www.miserden.org

AXE VALE SHOW 23rd - 24th June 2018 Trafalgar Way, Axminster EX13 5RJ

A great weekend for all • Show Opening Times 10am - 6pm (5.30pm Sunday) • Many Stalls: toys, hobbies, flowers, plants, arts, crafts, antiques, vintage and more • Demonstrations of local crafts • Sheep Shearing on Sunday 24th

Support your local community! Online Ticket Sales available now or purchase at the gate

www.axevaleshow.com www.countrygardener.co.uk

Charity number: 1130829

• Fun Day Out - for all the family and all age groups • Great Food and Drink from local producers to sample and buy • Great Entertainment relax and enjoy super acts and live music • Dog Show on Saturday 23rd

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Come and celebrate our 30th Anniversary!

Barnsley Village Garden Festival

£e7e for

(fr s) u14’

Sat 19th May 2018 from 10.30am Open Gardens include: BARNSLEY HOUSE, BARNSLEY PARK HERBS FOR HEALING GARDEN With music, morris dancing, barbecue, craft stalls, lovely village hall teas & more! barnsleyvillage.co.uk

Explore 50 acres of stunning landscape on pathways leading to follies, statues and temples. River walk and panoramic views from the Castle. Dogs on leads welcome. Tearoom offering light lunches and delicious homemade cakes. Open daily except Saturdays Adults £7, Seniors £6.50, Child (5-15) £3, Family £16, Groups (20+) £6.50

Little Malvern Court Nr Malvern, Worcestershire WR14 4JN Open 18th April until 19th July Wednesday & Thursday afternoons Other times by appointment

01684 892988 littlemalverncourt.co.uk

May Days Out at The Bishop's Palace • • • • • •

14 acres of RHS partner gardens See the Wells that give the City its name Stunning Paulownia flowering in May Daily Guided Tours & Horticultural Tours Half Term Holiday Family Activities Community Garden & Contemporary Garden of Reflection • Cafe & Shop T 01749 988111 ext.200 44

www.bishopspalace.org.uk Country Gardener

PHOTO: MARCUS HARPUR

Castle Hill Gardens

FILLEIGH, NR SOUTH MOLTON, DEVON EX32 0RH Tel: 01598 760336 www.castlehilldevon.co.uk


GREAT PLACES T O V ISI T

Garden show in summer for perfect gardening shopping The three-day ‘Garden Show in Summer ‘at Stansted Park, the Hampshire Grade II country house and estate takes place from Friday, 8th to Sunday 10th June and is a perfect event to find all you need for your garden. The well-established garden show is a great opportunity to source new gardening talent, designers and artisans. There’s a whole range of affordable and handpicked stands with specialist plants, garden accessories, sculpture, art and food. The Garden Show at Stansted Park will be open daily from 10am to 5pm (last entry 4pm) Tickets are £9 for adults, £7 for 60+ and £3 for children 15 years and under. Stansted Park, Rowlands Castle, Hampshire PO9 6DX Also make a note in your diary for The Garden Show at Loseley Park, Guildford which takes place from Friday, 27th to Sunday, 29th July. www.thegardenshowonline.com

Cerney Gardens, a riot of colour Cerney Gardens is a romantic ‘secret’ garden in 40 acres of Cotswolds parkland with a walled garden. A vibrant riot of colour is appearing throughout the garden as the herbaceous borders awaken. In the walled garden, ‘the knot garden’ is brimming with a stunning display of tulips and alliums, this year in pink and white. You can enjoy the peacefulness and tranquillity of nature on the bluebell woodland walk and the new nature trail. Open seven seven days a week from 10am to 5pm. Entry is £5 for adults, £1 for children. Dogs on leads welcome. www.cerneygardens.com Cerney House, North Cerney, Cirencester, Gloucestershire GL7 7BX.

Flower festival and open gardens weekend at Eckington

For all those who love beautiful gardens a visit to Eckington near Pershore in Worcestershire shouldn’t be missed over the weekend of Saturday 16th and Sunday, 17th June. Eckington boasts five gardens in the National Gardens Scheme, all outstanding in their design and location. There are another 30 or more gardens open of varying size and designs so there’s plenty to see. To refresh you on your tour there are plenty of refreshment stops, including homemade cakes and light meals. There’s a free circular mini-bus. For those with difficulty walking, gardens are marked if they are wheel chair friendly. the gardens open from 10am to 5pm on both days. Prices: £6per person for the weekend. Children of school age free. Tel: 07967 503288, www.eckington.info Eckington, near Pershore, Worcestershire WR10 3AN

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SPRING BANK HOLIDAY OPENING AT FRIARS COURT Enclosed within the remaining arms of a 16th century moat, the tranquil gardens of 17th century Friars Court are divided in to different ‘room-like’ areas with a variety of borders and specimen trees. The gardens are open on Spring Bank Holiday, Monday, 28th May for the National Gardens Scheme then every Tuesday and Thursday in June, July and August from 2pm to 6pm. Home-made cakes and cream teas are served in the Garden Room whilst a museum detailing the history of Friars Court is in the Coach House. Private tours are available on request. Tel: 01367 810206 www.friarscourt.com Friars Court, Clanfield, Oxfordshire, OX18 2SU.

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East Lambrook Manor Gardens, Somerset’s hidden gem East Lambrook Manor Gardens is a hidden gem. Although recognised worldwide as the quintessential English cottage garden, the garden, created by the famous plants woman and gardening writer Margery Fish in the 1950s and 60s, is not widely known and, in fact, many local people have never heard of it. Why is this? Perhaps because it’s still privately owned and it doesn’t have the benefit of the National Trust behind it. There is however great continuity, head gardener Mark Stainer has tended the garden for 43 years. The garden is characterised by many winding paths between abundant beds and borders, which make it feel larger than it’s 1.5 acres. It has changed little since Margery Fish’s day and remains a plantsman’s paradise, brimming over with a range of plants, and is particularly noted in summer for hardy geraniums. The garden has a wonderful nursery, the Margery Fish Plant Nursery, known for cottage garden plants and interesting perennials. Throughout the summer there are exhibitions by local artists in the Malthouse Gallery, in the garden, which also houses a delightful café selling excellent tea and cakes and delicious apple juice from the garden’s own apples. East Lambrook Manor Gardens, East Lambrook, South Petherton, Somerset TA13 5H.

martinyoung100@btinternet.com

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Open Tues - Sat & BH Mons plus Suns in May- July | 10am - 5pm Entry £6.00 | Over 60s £5.50 | Groups £5.25 | U16s free Silver Street | East Lambrook | Somerset | TA13 5HH 01460 240328 | enquiries@eastlambrook.com | eastlambrook.com

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SPECIALIST TREES

Hanging on for dear life

literally

MARK HINSLEY recounts the colourful and fairly perilous introduction into a lifetime of working with trees My first experience of tree work was in 1972 when working as a landscaper for my father. There was an old hollow white willow with a big limb that extended out over our workshop roof. Dad and his employee, Frank, decided that this limb should be removed. I was about 16 at the time and the lightest, so I was elected to be the climber. We didn’t possess a chainsaw, so they borrowed a new Stihl 020 from Roger, who sold garden machinery from a unit in the workshop. They were concerned that this saw should not be damaged. I climbed up the inside of the hollow tree and out through a large hole onto the branch in question. They threw a rope to me, which I passed over a branch behind me and lowered down to them. I then scrambled along the branch and attached another about two-thirds of the way along to be used as a pulling line. Back in position at the base of the branch they started up the chainsaw and attached it to the end of the rope hanging over the branch behind me.

As the branch detached from the section I was lying on, it kicked upwards and straightened, almost catapulting me off it. They then hauled the saw up to me in the tree. The idea was that, should I somehow let go of the saw, it could not fall to the ground because it was attached to the rope. They decided to tie the rope attached to the saw to a handy bit of chestnut paling fence near the base of the tree. As instructed, I then lay on top of the branch, which was angled up at about 30°, and began cutting through the

branch down from the top. As I cut through the branch Dad and Frank hauled on the pulling line. As the branch detached from the section I was lying on, it kicked upwards and straightened, almost catapulting me off it. Fortunately, I was holding on with one hand and was not dislodged. Unfortunately, they pulled the falling branch onto the rope that was attached to the chainsaw. The weight of the branch on the rope caused the chainsaw, which I had been holding out in front of me, to be snatched violently back towards the branch behind me over which the support rope was looped. I ended up in a sort of crucifix position with my left hand holding onto the tree at full stretch one way and my right hand hanging on to the top handle of the chainsaw at full stretch the other! The throttle trigger on an 020 was in the top handle so I couldn’t release it because I was holding the saw and much of the weight of the branch, all in that hand. After what seemed like an eternity, Frank managed to fight his way through the fallen branch to the fence and release the chainsaw support rope, at which point I was able to let go of the throttle trigger. As the screaming noise of the chainsaw abated a degree of calm returned to the scene. I used the support rope to lower the precious chainsaw down to waiting hands. It was then that I noticed on the outside of my jeans, just by my right knee, a large fresh tear in the fabric. It had been caused by the chainsaw chain catching the bunched material by my knee as it flashed past my leg on its journey from in front of me to behind me when the branch fell across the support rope. Oh well – we all have to start somewhere! Mark Hinsley is from Arboricultural Consultants Ltd. www.treeadvice.info

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47


SIGHT

FOR SORE EYES

C ontinuing with our ‘Five Senses’ series. Gill Heavens considers what some think of as the most relevant, the sense of sight.

Caradonna forms part of a planting scheme that mixes purples, soft pinks and dots of white

We use our eyes for admiring other peoples’ gardens and planning our own, for recognising plants and finding our way around. All very simple. There are however tricks that can be employed to visually manipulate our surroundings, by using the magical effects that the clever use of colour and form can achieve. Many of these things we do naturally, without even thinking, especially those of us who are lucky enough to ‘have an eye’ for it. Some we can learn. Hopefully you will find a few tips here to help you along the way. Firstly, let us consider the use of colour in the garden. Gertrude Jekyll, in her Colour Schemes for the Flower Garden, speaks of using plants as if they were colours on an artist’s pallet. We all have our favourite shades and hues, some enjoy pastels, some abhor yellow, and others adore green flowers. Of this there is no right or wrong; however there is a way to take our favourite hues and set them off to perfection. It appears there are rules for most things in life, and the use of colour is no exception. As an aid to artists of all persuasions (and yes gardeners are artists), someone, somewhere invented the colour wheel. This ‘wheel’ is a segmented circle each section of which is a different colour of the spectrum, in strict order. Colours next to each other are called Analogous and are harmonious, for example orange lies between red and yellow. Opposites are called Complementary and these set each other off to best 48

effect, blue opposing orange. In practice this means that orange calendulas look wonderful with yellow rudbeckia and red geums, however they are also striking when used in conjunction with royal blue delphiniums. Be careful though, keep the tint the same, strong colours with strong colours. Don’t be a martyr to the cause, what are rules for after all? In your own garden you can do whatever you like. So called “clashes”, those that go against these rules, can be both challenging and invigorating. Different colours exhibit different properties. The cooler colours such as pinks and blues perform better placed out of full sun and tend to be relaxing and calming. Bright, or hot, colours really zing in the hottest part of the garden and sizzle in the heat of the day. Cooler colours tend to recede into the background whilst the hot ones come towards you. This can be used to great effect, especially when planting out a small garden. Using bright reds and their brash associates in the foreground, and dusky mauves and lilacs towards the back of the garden will help to give the illusion of length. These rules refer not only to flowers but also to foliage and bark, as well as hard landscaping. Now we have got our colours sorted out let us think about form, or shape. Just like the colours, contrast is all. To show off your plants at their best it is as well not to place similar ones next to each other. They will just get lost in a boring blur. You have spent good money on your plants, so each and every one of them needs to be appreciated.

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So called “clashes”, those that go against these rules, can be both challenging and invigorating

Jekyll recommended a colour called ‘invisible green’ - just a green that sort of retreats into the background, one that’s not an eyesore

A sculpture, seat or arbour will capture your eye, luring the curious towards them

Using bright reds and their brash associates in the foreground helps give the illusion of length

True, not everyone can be a star, but we need spear carriers to assist the divas; all roles are important. Leaves come in many shapes and sizes, from the huge hands of gunnera to the delicate fronds of brachychome, the long and strappy iris foliage and round nasturtiums. Flowers shapes are equally as varied in size and form, such as panicles of campanula, bronze fennel umbels or composite sunflowers. Mix all these ingredients up and you will produce an interesting and visually tasty garden cake. The natural shape of each plant can also be utilised, and this can be manipulated, to a certain extent, by pruning and training. Formality and exuberance also work well together. A classic example of this is a well-clipped parterre just managing to contain billowing cosmos and poker straight lupins. We can use the inherent characteristics of colour and shape to solve problems in the garden. The narrowness of long, thin gardens can be lessened with the use of diagonally placed paths and borders, with eyecatching specimen plants breaking up the space. Small plots can ‘borrow’ features from beyond the garden, such as a neighbour’s tree or a hill in the distance, which serves to elongate your tiny patch. The use of focal points in the garden is a ploy worth engaging. A sculpture, seat or arbour will capture your eye, luring the curious towards them. This is useful for a couple of reasons; to encourage movement through the garden or to draw

“It appears there are rules for most things in life, and the use of colour is no exception.” the visitor away from something the garden designer didn’t want you to dwell on, like the composting area! What we want to do in the garden is to slow down our audience; after all our hard work we don’t want them rushing around missing things. So we need to take their interest up, down and around before they move onwards. Personally I’m a big fan of the unsubtle, and there is nothing I love more than a cerise fuchsia next to a tangerine abutilon. However I do realise that there are more understated approaches. Monochrome gardens are more difficult than they sound, white is not always white, black seldom black. Experiment and you will soon know if the combinations you are trying are to your liking or not. If not, just do the garden shuffle until you achieve what you envisaged. You never know, you might come across a combination you didn’t expect to like, and after all, beauty is in the eye of the beholder!

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49


Asquash summer

SUMMER

You can grow summer squashes in a range of shapes and textures- from ‘hand grenades’ to ‘flying saucers’- and are more fun to grow and eat than traditionally straight courgettes. There’s a number of ways to bring the colours of summer into your vegetable garden but nothing beats the sight of fast growing summer squashes in all their vibrant colours. If you regularly grow courgettes then now is the time to branch out. Summer squashes come in a wonderful range of selections. Their fruit is ideally harvested young, with thinnish skins that do not store for long periods. Squash comes in all kinds of shapes and sizes from massive pumpkins to tiny patty pan squashes. There are winter squashes, such as pumpkins and butternut squash but it is the summer squashes, such as yellow crookneck, yellow straightneck, and scallop, which are harvested when immature, which gladden the eye. Squashes are easy to grow from seed and can be sown outdoors in the spot where they are to grow, or you can start them off indoors in pots. Sow two or three seeds deep outdoors in late May or early June and cover with cloches, jars or plastic; leave in place for two weeks, or as long as possible, after germination. Thin the seedlings to leave the strongest one. Despite differences in shape and colour, the fruit of summer squashes have one thing in common: when left on the plant and allowed to mature, they grow to their full size and develop a hard skin. When this happens they are generically 50

Country Gardener

known as ‘marrows’ and become the pride and joy of local garden shows. Squashes will develop rapidly after the flowering stage of the plant. When harvesting the growing summer squash, you need to decide what you want to use the squash for. You can use it in recipes and many different dishes. Because they come in different varieties, there are different flavours as well. Some are milder than others. If you are looking for summer squash to cut up and cook up as a simple vegetable, you might want to pick it earlier. When the squash is smaller, it tends to be more tender. Just remember that the larger the summer squash fruit gets, the tougher the skin. Two weeks before planting or sowing seed outdoors, make planting pockets three feet apart for bush plants of summer squashes and five feet for trailing plants of summer squashes. Do this by making a hole about a spade’s depth, width and height and fill with a mixture of compost or well-rotted manure and soil. Sprinkle a general fertiliser over the soil. Plant one plant on top of each planting pocket. Keep the soil constantly moist by watering around the plants, not over them. As they need plenty of water, sink a 15cm (6in) pot alongside the plants when planting out. Water into this and it will help ensure the water goes right down


to the roots and does not sit around the neck of the plant, which can lead to rotting. Feed every 10-14 days with a high potash liquid fertiliser once the first fruits start to swell. The fruit of pumpkins should be supported off the soil on a piece of tile or glass.

Will squash grow in pots?

There are a number of varieties of squash that are perfect for container gardening. Some varieties to consider include: ‘Bush Acorn’, ‘Black Magic Zucchini’, ‘Bushkin Pumpkin’ and ‘Bush Crookneck’. There are two important elements to successful container gardening -size and soil type. Although it may not seem like it, one squash plant will fill a 24-inch pot in no time. Do not overcrowd squash plants. A couple of things can be done to promote drainage; drill several holes in the bottom of the container and place some fine gravel covered by a piece of wire mesh in the bottom of the container. This will keep the soil from clogging up the drainage holes. The best soil mixture is loose, well-drained and loaded with organic matter. Mix together one part each perlite, sphagnum, potting soil, peat moss and compost for a well draining and highly fertile soil.

SQUASH SEEDS OR PLANTS? Seeds are the best option by far. Plan for one plant per person in your family, tops. Any more and you’ll be up to your elbows in squash come midsummer! Direct sowing is preferred to transplanting seedlings. Squash plants can’t tolerate having their roots disturbed. Most summer squash varieties are ready to harvest in 50 days. Because they mature quickly and require warm weather, you can plant them following early spring crops like peas, lettuce, or spinach. Direct sowings any time from spring after all danger of frost is past to midsummer works well with most varieties. Sow the seeds one-inch deep, spacing the plantings about 18 to 30 inches apart in the bed, depending on the variety. Where space is limited, grow only the bush varieties. If you have a short season or want the earliest possible crop, start a few seedlings indoors, preferably in peat pots, two weeks before the last frost in your area. When setting out the plants, be extra careful not to disturb the roots when transplanting them.

‘Defender’

Ball’. If you harvest the fruit small they can be skewered and grilled; bigger fruits are better stuffed.

THE SHAPE OF THINGS ‘Bambino’

‘Eight Ball’

There are now a huge variety of shapes to summer squashes but not fit into one of these categories:

Elongated The traditional courgette shape, long thin and striped. They key is to pick young and not to let hidden ones grow into ‘marrow sized’ fruit, which is easily done during their rapid growth often hidden under heavy foliage. ‘Bambino’ is an easy to grow favourite and ‘Defender’ grows into classically wonderful thin straight fruits.

Roundish The global approach to squashes include mid to dark green ‘ Eight Ball’ and light green ‘Geode’ as well as the yellow variety ‘Summer ‘Summer Ball’

‘Sunburst’

Rugosa Frulana

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Scalloped The pie-shaped fruit have margins which are like the shell of a scallop. They are sometimes called scallopini or pettypan squashes. The fruit is always best when harvested small, about five cms in diameter and get difficult to cook when larger. Light green ‘Peter Pan’ and bright yellow ‘ Sunburst’ are two of the best options.

Straightneck and crookneck The yellow fruit consist of fat, oval shaped bottoms attached to thinner, straight or crooked necks. These types have been popular in the United States for some time and are now getting established in Britain. ‘Summer Crookneck’ and ‘Rugosa Frulana‘ are widely available in catalogues and garden centres. ‘Crookneck’

51


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53


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Garden Plant Supports

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Are you part of a garden club or society?

Thornhayes nursery Devon’s specialist tree grower for a wide range of ornamental, fruit, hedging trees and a selection of choice shrubs. Courses, expert advice, arboretum, display fruit garden.

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DO YOU HAVE ANY EVENTS YOU’D LIKE TO PUBLICISE?

It’s free!

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Please send us your diary for the year - we’d love to include your talks and shows Send them into us by email to: timeoff@countrygardener.co.uk or by post to: Mount House, Halse, Taunton, TA4 3AD. Your event can also be listed on: www.countrygardener.co.uk Sign up to add your events today 55


TIME Off

COMPILED BY KATE LEW IS DIARY EVENTS FROM CLUBS AND ORGANISATIONS AROUND DEVON

Here’s a selection of gardening events to look out for during the next few weeks throughout Devon. Send us details of your event at least ten weeks before publication and we will publicise it free of charge. Make sure you let us know where the event is being held, the date and include a contact telephone number. We are keen to support garden club events and we will be glad to publicise talks and shows held during the year where clubs want to attract a wider audience, but we do not have space for club outings or parties. We suggest that garden clubs send us their diary for the year for events to be included in the relevant issue of the magazine. Please send to Country Gardener Magazines, Mount House, Halse, Taunton TA4 3AD or by email to timeoff@countrygardener.co.uk and copy to vivienne@countrygardener.co.uk We take great care to ensure that details are correct at the time of going to press but we advise readers to check wherever possible before starting out on a journey as circumstances can force last minute changes. All NGS open gardens can be found on www.ngs.org.uk or in the local NGS booklet available at many outlets.

APRIL 13th BISHOPSTEIGNTON GARDEN CLUB ‘CLIMBERS’ – PETER BURKS Details on 01626 774049 13 – 15 th

th

FURZELEIGH FARM, ASHBURTON BALANCED BEEKEEPING FOR BEGINNERS Details on 07914 922554 16th MEAVY GARDEN SOCIETY ‘GROWING VEGETABLES’ – BRIAN CARLSON Details on 01822 852671 17th BICKLEIGH, ROBOROUGH & DISTRICT GARDEN SOCIETY ‘VEGETABLE GROWING’ – TREVOR WILTSHIRE Details on 01822 855314 LYMPSTONE GARDEN CLUB ‘GROWING PELARGONIUMS’ – KATHARINE MURRAY Details on 01395 269989 TOPSHAM FLOWER CLUB ‘EVOKING MEMORIES’ – CHRISTINE HARRINGTON Details on 01392 233739

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18th CHARDSTOCK GARDENING CLUB ‘SHRUBS & PERENNIALS FOR FLOWER ARRANGERS’ – MARY BENGER Details on 01460 221619

TORQUAY & DISTRICT HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY ‘HERBACEOUS PLANTS FOR YOUR GARDEN INCLUDING PRACTICAL TIPS’ – DAVID USHER email: nickybaker222@btinternet.com

COLYTON & DISTRICT GARDEN SOCIETY ‘INTRODUCTION TO ARTS & CRAFTS AND EDWARDIAN GARDENS’ – MARION DALE Details on 01297 552362

TALATON OPEN GARDENS WEEKEND Details pamweston45@gmail.com

19th

27th

BARNSTAPLE & DISTRICT HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY SPEAKER MANDY DAWES Details on 01769 574551 24th EXMOUTH GARDEN CLUB ‘GROWING & CULTIVATING ROSES’ – ROY HALSEY Details on 01395 263513 TIVERTON GARDEN CLUB ‘A LIFE IN THE YEAR OF A BEE KEEPER’ – COLIN WELLARD Details on 01884 258283 YEALM GARDENS SOCIETY ‘AGATHA CHRISTIE, LITERARY DAUGHTER OF SOUTH DEVON’ – JOHN RISDON Details on 01752 873393

26th/27th

BUDLEIGH SALTERTON GARDEN CLUB ‘VEGETABLES FOR SMALL GARDENS’ – ROY HALSEY Details on 01395 445840

MAY 3rd PLYMPTON GARDENERS ASSOICATION ‘HOW TO GROW & STAGE FOR A SHOW’ Details on 01752 336057 TEIGNMOUTH GARDENING CLUB ‘OVERVIEW OF BUCKFAST ABBEY’ – PAUL RENDELL Details on 07875 746379 5th

25th IPPLEPEN GARDEN CLUB ‘PRACTICAL MEDIEVAL GARDENING’ – ALI MARSHALL

Country Gardener

DEVON ORCHID SOCIETY, PUBLIC HALL, BUDLEIGH SALTERTON 43rd ANNUAL ORCHID SHOW 10.30am – 4pm. www.devon.ukos.com


DREWSTEIGNTON GARDENER’S CLUB PLANT SALE N THE VILLAGE HALL 10am EXMINSTER GARDENING CLUB SPRING PLANT SALE/COFFEE MORNING 10am – 11.30am Details on 01392 832762 HARDY PLANT SOCIETY DEVON GROUP, LONGDOWN VILLAGE HALL ‘THE WORK AND WORLD OF PLANT HERITAGE’ – CAROLINE STONE Details on 01363 774316 STOKE FLEMING VILLAGE HALL PLANT SALE & COFFEE MORNING Details on 01803 770468 SUSTAINABLE COPPICE PARTNERSHIP, DARTMOOR RUSTIC GARDEN BENCH COURSE 10am – 4pm. £47.50 Details on 01747 820718

11th

14th

BISHOPSTEIGNTON GARDEN CLUB ‘PELARGONIUMS’ – BRIAN CARLSON Details on 01626 774049

CHULMLEIGH & DISTRICT GARDEN SOCIETY ‘ENJOYING ROSES IN YOUR GARDEN’ – EMMA VAN HUYSSE

11th – 13th FURZELEIGH FARM, ASHBURTON ‘BALANCED BEEKING FOR IMPROVERS’ Details on 07914 922554 12th CHARDSTOCK GARDENING CLUB ANNUAL PLANT SALE Details on 01460 221619 CHULMLEIGH & DISTRICT GARDEN SOCIETY COFFEE MORNING & PLANT STALL 9am. Chulmleigh Town Hall LYMPSTONE GARDEN CLUB COFFEE MORNING & PLANT SALE Details on 01395 269989

8th

12th/13th

EXMINSTER GARDENING CLUB ‘THE SECRET NATURE OF DARTMOOR’ – PAUL RENDELL Details on 01392 832762

FENITON COURT GARDENS, EX14 3BY PLANT SALE IN AID OF THE FRIENDS OF ST ANDREWS CHURCH FENITON 10am – 4pm

9th

13th

OGWELL GARDEN SOCIETY ‘WORMS IN THE GARDEN’ – ROGER AVERY Details on 01626 364543

BOWRINGSLEIGH, WEST ALVINGTON, NR KINGSBRIDGE OPEN GARDEN IN AID OF CHILDREN’S HOSPICE SOUTH WEST Details on 01548 852774

10th HOLCOMBE GARDEN SOCIETY ‘VEGETABLE GROWING IN SMALL SPACES’ – SALLY NEX Details on 01626 862823

15th BICKLEIGH, ROBOROUGH & DISTRICT GARDEN SOCIETY ‘SOUTH WEST COASTAL PATHS’ – BECKY MILLINGTON Details on 01822 855314 TIVERTON GARDEN CLUB COFFEE MORNING & PLANT SALE Details on 01884 258283 TOPSHAM FLOWER CLUB ‘KEEPING IT LEVEL’ – CORAL GARDINER Details on 01392 233739 16th TORQUAY & DISTRICT HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY ‘NATURAL HISTORY & CULTIVATION OF CARNIVOROUS PLANTS’ – DENNIS BALSDON Email: nickybaker222@btinternet.com 17th BARNSTAPLE & DISTRICT HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY CREAM TEA/PLANT SWAP Details on 01769 574551

HIGHER ASH FARM, DARTMOUTH, TQ6 0LR NGS OPEN GARDEN www.higherashfarm.com

www.craftmarkstore.com

GET MORE FROM YOUR GARDEN THIS

Spring

Craftmark with 34 years of experience creates and erects various types of cleft fencing and garden structures using Sweet Chestnut obtained from coppice woodlands.

For the latest garden news, events & advice - don't miss

All products can be made to order, enquires also welcomed for other types of fencing, gates and drystone walling.

www.countrygardener.co.uk

Call Mark on 07855985329 / 01805804863 or email stephendallyn@gmail.com

COUNTRY GARDENER

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57


Avon Mill

Café • Garden Centre • B&B Art & Crafts • Boutique • Florist

•Woodland walks •Dogs welcome •Independent Shops •Plenty of parking •Great Café for breakfast, lunch, coffee & cake •Super ‘Devon Cream Teas’

Find out more and buy tickets online:

www.RoyalCornwall.co.uk Telephone 01208 812 183

Loddiswell  Kingsbridge  Devon  TQ7 4DD Tel 01548 550338

Café | Plants | Shrubs | Trees | Garden Sundries

S P R I N G

www.avonmill.com

Over 1000 Trade Stands / Child Tickets just £5

Enjoy Spring at Eggesford Garden Centre

Nestled on the edge of the beautiful Taw Valley, Eggesford Garden Centre is just the place for a spot of relaxed shopping.

Lots of veg plants - lettuce, tomato, courgette

The well stocked shop has everything you need to get your garden looking great - lots of healthy plants, a wide range of garden care products and friendly help and advice.

Knowledgeable staff Beautiful Steamside Café with great coffee!

Enjoy delicious home made food in The Gardens Restaurant and, if your feeling in the mood, why not go for a stroll in nearby Eggesford Forest.

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CMYK / .ai

Facebook “f ” Logo

CMYK / .ai

Pound Lane | Exmouth | 01395 274632 www.greenfingers-gardencentre.co.uk 58

Country Gardener

Dogs and muddy boots are welcome.

EGGESFORD GARDEN CENTRE Eggesford, Chulmleigh, Devon EX18 7QU Tel: 01769 580250

www.eggesfordgardens.com

Just off the A377 Exeter to Barnstaple road at Eggesford Station


Stockists of Country Gardener Devon Country Gardener is available free of charge throughout the area at the outlets listed below. For amendments to details or deliveries call Pat Eade on 01594 543790 email pateade8@gmail.com Ashburton Edwin Tucker, Stonebridge Park Tourist Information Centre Axminster Axminster Garden Machinery Tourist Information Centre Burrow Farm Gardens, Dalwood Mole Avon The River Cottage Stores Barnstaple Arlington Court NT Gardeners Delight Nursery Blakewell Water Garden Centre, Muddiford Castle Hill, Filleigh Marwood Hill, Marwood St John’s Garden Centre West Country Cheese Shop Bideford Tourist Information Centre Blackawton Gardentime Bovey Tracey House of Marbles Parke NT Tourist Information Office Bow Bow Aquatic & Garden Centre Bratton Flemming Exmoor Zoo Park Braunton Countryside Centre Tourist Information Centre Bridford Teign Valley Nursery Brixham Brixham Library Tourist Information Centre Buckfastleigh Buckfast Abbey Shop Chagford Stone Lane Gardens (Mythic Garden) Chudleigh Masons Kings The Rock Nursery Chulmleigh Chulmleigh Newsagents Eggesford Garden Centre Churston Ferrers Churston Ferrers Nursery Greenway NT Clovelly Clovelly Court Gardens

Clyst St Mary St. Bridget Nurseries Kenniford Farm Shop Colyton Blackbury Honey Farm, Southleigh The Garden Shop Combe Martin Tourist Information Centre Crediton Crediton Garden Centre Crediton Tool Hire Edwin Tucker Garden Cottage Plant Centre Mole Avon Cullompton Mole Valley Farmers Dartington Patch & Acre Dartington Hall Gardens Dartmouth Ash Tree Farm Nursery, Ashcross Wild About Flowers, Ashcross Fast Rabbit Farm Drewsteignton Castle Drogo Dulford Thornhayes Dunkerswell Vigo Presses Ltd East Budleigh Bicton Agricultural College Exeter Bernaville Nurseries, Cowley Bridge Exe Valley Farm Shop, Thorverton Killerton House NT, Broadclyst Radmore & Tucker St. Bridget Nurseries Orchard Nurseries Tourist Information Centre Exmouth Greenfingers King’s Garden Centre St John’s Country Store Fairmile Escot Aquatic Centre Great Torrington RHS Rosemoor Halwill Junction Winsford Walled Garden Hartland Docton Mill Hartland Abbey

Holsworthy Mole Valley Farmers Honiton Haughty Culture Honiton Garden Centre Ilfracombe St James Dairy Tourist Information Centre Instow Tapely Park Ivybridge Countrymans Choice MST Kenton High Garden Nurseries House of Marbles Urban & Rural Plants Kilkhampton D Bridgman & Son Kilmington Millers Farm Shop Kingsbridge Kingsbridge Pet & Garden Centre Kingswear Coleton Fishacre NT Landscove Hill House Nursery & Garden Loddiswell Avon Mill Garden Centre Membury Post Office & Store Milton Abbot Endsleigh Gardens Nursery Modbury Tourist Information Centre Musbury Musbury Post Office Newton Abbot Burnham Nurseries /Orchid Paradise Fermoy’s Garden Centre & Farm Shop Mole Valley Farmers Plantworld Tourist Information Centre Okehampton Bostock Garden Centre Country Lanes Garden Centre Mole Avon Tourist Information Centre Ottery St Mary Alfington Stores Cadhay Joshua’s Harvest Store

Smile, West Hill Tourist Information Centre Plymouth Fordbrook Nurseries Plymouth Garden Centre Saltram House NT Shillingford Boyce’s Farm Shop South Molton Mole Valley Farmers Stockland Royal Oak Fruit Farm Tavistock The Pannier Market Whitchurch Post Office Tiverton Herd & Sendell Knightshayes Court NT Cove Garden Nurseries Tourist Information Centre Topsham Darts Farm Torquay Cockington Court Devon Garden Machinery Torquay Reference Library Totnes Potting Shed Riverford Farm Shop, Staverton Uffculme Old Well Garden Centre Turnpike Nurseries Umberleigh Millwood Plants Uplyme Uplyme Post Office Winkleigh D & S Supplies Discount Store Winkleigh Post Office Withleigh Withleigh Nurseries Woolacombe Tourist Information Centre Woolsery Merry Harriers Nursery Yealmpton Growers Organics Plant Centre John Serpell & Son Yelverton Long Ash Garden Centre The Garden House, Buckland Monachorum

Country Gardener Magazine Editorial Publisher & Editor: Alan Lewis alan@countrygardener.co.uk Tel: 01823 431767

Distribution Pat Eade pateade8@gmail.com Tel: 01594 543790

Time Off: Kate Lewis timeoff@countrygardener.co.uk

Advertising Sales Corina Reay - Cotswolds Cath Pettyfer - Devon & Dorset corina@countrygardener.co.uk cath.pettyfer@countrygardener.co.uk Tel: 01823 410098 Tel: 01837 82660

Ava Bench - Somerset & Classified ava@countrygardener.co.uk classified@countrygardener.co.uk Tel: 01278 671037

Rob Houghton - Hampshire & Sussex Design & Production Aidan Gill rob@countrygardener.co.uk aidan@countrygardener.co.uk Tel: 01614 283230 Accounts Sam Bartholomew sam@countrygardener.co.uk Tel: 01823 430639

Gemma Stringer gemma@countrygardener.co.uk

The Country Gardener magazines are distributed FREE at Nurseries, garden centres, National Trust Properties, open gardens, garden machinery specialists, country stores and farm shops in each county. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored or made available in any form, without the written permission of the copyright holder and Publisher, application for which should be made to the Publisher. Unsolicited material: do not send or submit your only version of manuscripts and/or photographs/transparencies to us as these cannot be returned to you. While every care is taken to ensure that material submitted is priced accurately and completely, we cannot be responsible or liable for any loss or damage suffered. Views and/or opinions expressed in this publication do not necessarily represent those of Country Gardener or the Publisher.

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59


Plant Heritage gears up to in style

celebrate its 40th anniversary

Plant Fairs will celebrate anniversary

Dorset is the only county to have two Plant Heritage charity groups but they are about to come together to host a series of plant fairs The National Plant Charity we all now know as ‘Plant Heritage’ started life as the National Council for the Conservation of Plants & Gardens (NCCPG). And while this is still its formal title remembered by many gardeners, ‘Plant Heritage’ is more user-friendly and perhaps more easily understood. In October 1978, The RHS held a conference to highlight the loss of many valued and interesting garden plants - as opposed to plants in the wild. One of the earliest working groups was held in Dorset in December 1978 and the Dorset County Group was formed shortly afterwards. The first National Collection of salvias, was established at Abbotsbury Gardens; this later moved to Kingston Maurward College on the outskirts of Dorchester, alongside the National Collection of penstemons. Group meetings were held for many years at Kingston Maurward and also at Athelhampton House. Although Dorset is not a large county, its infrastructure – particularly its narrow roads during the spring and summer can be very congested and it can take quite a while to drive from one side of the county to the other. Dorset is incidentally one of the few counties without a motorway and dual-carriageways are still a bit of a novelty. A decision was made in 1989, by those living in the east of the county, to form a separate group, which still meets near Wimborne. Dorset is the only county in the UK to have two Plant Heritage Groups but together we publish a joint programme of 16 to 17 meetings each year with quality speakers and hold several Specialist Plant Fairs in the county, which raise funds for the charity and its work in the county. 60

The Dorset Group now meets once a month at the Dorford Centre in Dorchester on Thursday evenings and the Dorset (East) Group meets at Colehill Memorial Hall, near Wimborne on Saturday afternoons. Members of either group can attend each other’s meetings and indeed, any other group meeting in the UK, free of charge. An added bonus is that thieir specialist plant fairs are also free to all Plant Heritage members from anywhere in the UK. This year, to mark the 40th anniversary, Dorset will be hosting the National AGM in Wareham from Friday, 27th to Sunday, 29th April. In addition to the two main Plant Fairs at Athelhampton House on Sunday 6th May and Sunday 9th September, a new Plant Finder’s Fair will be held at Abbotsbury Gardens on Sunday, 1st July. This fair will have unusual and exotic plants, in addition to the excellent range of annuals, perennials and shrubs which can also be found at Athelhampton. The fair will also have several National Collection Holders selling their own plants and has also attracted 20 specialist nurseries from up to 200 miles away. Admission to all three fairs includes free access to the attractive and extensive host gardens. Plant Heritage has undergone some significant changes since its formation back in ‘78 and is now the world’s leading cultivated plant conservation charity, bringing together the talents of botanists, horticulturalists and conservationists and the dedication of keen amateur and professional gardeners. If you would like further information, go to ncccpg.com and click on ‘in your area’.

Country Gardener


Countdown begins to stop closure of

THOUSANDS OF FOOTPATHS

Right-to-roam law means pre-1949 rights of way not on official maps must formally be recorded or will no longer be protected and could disappear Thousands of footpaths, and bridleways across the UK face being lost forever within a decade under a clause in rightto-roam legislation. The incompleteness of the legal record of public rights of way has been a contentious subject for many years. The Countryside and Rights of Way Act 2000 sought to address this. It provided for a ‘cut-off date’ in 2026, so that unrecorded pre-1949 public rights of way would cease to exist if not specifically preserved by regulations.

chair of the conservation body, the Open Spaces Society. Gathering the evidence and applying for paths to be recorded was ‘a painstaking and lengthy’ business, warned Wadey, who raised the prospect of farmers taking down stiles and putting up fences, and field gates being locked. “On 1st January 2026, old footpaths and bridleways that are not recorded on the councils’ official Definitive Map of Rights of Way may cease to carry public rights,” He said urban alleyways were of greatest concern, with shortcuts behind

‘The real worry is [about] rights of way that people are using every day, suddenly they will stop having that right’ Those campaigning to save footpaths are now warning that the ‘clock is ticking’. Walkers, horse riders – and even those taking regular shortcuts to the shops in towns –have ten years to apply to save any rights of way that existed before 1949 but do not appear on official maps. Organisations such The Ramblers, the Open Spaces Society, Natural England and others support the work to correctly record bridleways and restricted byways that are currently omitted or recorded at a lower status (such as ridden routes recorded as footpaths) as well as creating any new definitive routes. The task is to get all rights recorded as soon as possible. Certain unrecorded rights will be extinguished in 2026. The consequences of failing to act could be far-reaching, said Dr Phil Wadey, vice-

walking or riding or cycling along them. But they are not on the official map, so they will vanish if applications are not made,” said Wadey. “People won’t realise until they are gone and then it will be too late”. Wadey said: “The real worry is [about] rights of way that people are using every day – suddenly they will stop having that right, which means the landowner could close it at any instant. Some old roads, typically unmetalled green lanes, might disappear, as well as urban alleyways.” There were lots of instances where the basic route was recorded, but because of changes or inconsistent records, there might be a 20ft gap where a footpath should join a road, Wadey said. “And if you lose that gap, somebody can put a fence across it, quite lawfully.” Anyone wishing to register a right of way can seek advice from their local authority, the Open Spaces Society, the British Horse Society, and The Ramblers, who all have volunteers with expert knowledge.

houses under threat from homeowners extending their gardens, or fencing off paths that have existed for decades. This could affect popular shortcuts on many housing developments; even if the homes were built after 1949, the path around which they were constructed could have existed for longer and so be at risk. “These paths are all over the place. A lot Each highway authority (county council or unitary of them are actually authority in England, county or county borough council paths that are in in Wales) keeps a Definitive Map and Statement of all everyday use. They public rights of way -the formal legal record of the are not hidden. We existence of footpaths, bridleways, restricted byways are not talking about and byways open to all traffic. In total it offers more paths that have fallen than 137,000 miles of public footpath, bridleway and into disuse. There byway providing a level of access admired are actually people throughout the world.

What is a Definitive Map?

www.countrygardener.co.uk

61


How to grow your own

loofah sponge If you are looking for something really different and fun to grow try loofahs, sometimes known as sponge gourds, best known for the bath sponges made from its mature fruit yet in some parts of the world prized as a vegetable. Did you know that loofah sponges are made from a vegetable? Even better, you can grow them for cleaning and eating! You’ve probably had or used a loofah sponge in your life, whether in the bath or for cleaning around the house. But did you know it was made from a vegetable? Luffa aegyptiaca and Luffa acutangula, also known as loofah, vegetable sponge or dishcloth gourds, are grown mainly for their useful fibrous tissue skeleton. Young fruits can be eaten as squash, used in stews or even used in place of cucumbers. The

luffa gourd plant is an annual tropical or subtropical climbing vine. When the fruit section of the plant matures, it can be used as an organic bath or kitchen sponge. Some people even use the juice of this very beneficial plant to treat jaundice. While much of the marketing of loofahs shows the sponge in a sea-side setting, surrounded by seashells and the like, loofahs are the fibrous flesh of the mature luffa gourd—and you can grow them in your garden but you will need plenty of sunshine.

HOW TO GROW LOOFAHS Growing these plants is an enjoyable project but not one for the impatient. Loofahs are cold sensitive and take a long time to mature into a dried sponge, so loofah gourd planting shouldn’t be attempted if you don’t have the patience to wait. Sow gourd eight inches apart along a fence as soon as the ground is warm enough to work and all danger of frost has passed in spring. To facilitate germination, scrape the seed coat with a file or allow seeds to soak for at least 24 hours. Seeds are very slow to sprout so gardeners should not lose faith. Seeds can also be started indoors several weeks before the last frost. Plant one to three plants in a hill and space hills six feet apart. Loofahs like full sun and a well-drained but moist soil, enriched with plenty of compost or well-rotted manure. They are grown like a winter squash or hard-shelled gourd and their long (30 feet isn’t unusual) vigorous vines need lots of room to roam or a sturdy trellis to clamber over. The very first fruits that appear on the vine should be allowed to mature into sponges The sponges are mature and ready to pick when the green skin has turned dark yellow or brown and starts to separate 62

from the fibre inside, and the fruit feels lightweight. Leave the fruit hanging on the vine as long as possible for maximum sponge development, but be sure to pick and peel the fruit immediately if they get hit by frost. Fruit that isn’t fully mature won’t have enough tough fibre to make a good sponge. The first step to revealing your sponge is to peel off the tough outer skin: if it is already cracked you can pull it off in pieces, if it is intact try squashing the fruit gently until cracks appear and then extending the cracks by squeezing the fruit and pulling at the torn edges of the skin with your thumbs. If the skin is very dry, soaking the fruit in water for a few minutes may make it easier to dislodge the skin. Once the skin has been removed, shake out the seeds. Finally, dry the washed sponges in the sun, turning them frequently, until completely dry. Store in a cloth bag to prevent them from getting dusty and they will keep for years.

Loofahs for washing up?

If you are keen to join the drive to reduce plastic in our homes then you can join the growing number who successfully use loofahs as an alternative to dish sponges and scourers for washing up.

Country Gardener


www.countrygardener.co.uk

63


March winds and April showers

bring forth May flowers

Plant your hanging basket, container and vegetable plants now.

For all your pond and aquarium needs visit our Clyst St Mary Garden Centre.

Turf delivered to us every Friday fresh for your weekend lawn project.

We grow over 85% of the plants we sell.

26th May - 3rd June Get your children and grandchildren gardening this half term. Together we help children grow.

St. Bridget Nurseries Est. 1925

www.stbridgetnurseries.co.uk

Garden Centre & Nursery: Old Rydon Lane (off A379) Exeter, EX2 7JY Tel: 01392 873672 Garden & Aquatic Centre: Sidmouth Road (A3052) Clyst St Mary, EX5 1AE Tel: 01392 876281 Open: Monday-Saturday 9am-5.30pm Sunday 10.30am-4.30pm Bank Holidays 9am-5pm

Devon Country Gardener May 2018  

The May 2018 issue of Devon Country Gardener Magazine

Devon Country Gardener May 2018  

The May 2018 issue of Devon Country Gardener Magazine

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