Construction Review Africa

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a 23rd Anniversary Edition J 23 No.6 July 2012, Vol

In this issue... Tokyo Sky Tree The Tallest Tower in the World Precast Concrete Quality and consistency Solar Powered Generators Green energy source Exponential Office Block Botswana Milele Apartments Kenya



July 2012

Volume 23 No. 06

Guest - George Williams architect Akivisions Design Team, Lagos, Nigeria

REGULARS The Site Board 4 News 5 New Products 8 Association News 9 Events 9 Corporate News 10 PICTORIAL Build Expo 2012 11 AWEA Wind Power 2012 Conference & Exhibition 11 Cover Story Tokyo Sky Tree 12

Personality - Mr. Henry Laas Chief Executive Officer, Murray & Roberts

International Project Lake Champlain Bridge 16

Construction Review is published eleven times a year and is circulated to members of relevant associations, governmental bodies and other personnel in the building and construction industry as well as suppliers of equipment, materials and services in Africa, the Middle and Far East. The editor welcomes articles and photographs for consideration. Material may not be reproduced without prior permission from the publisher.


The publisher does not accept responsibility for the accuracy or authenticity of advertisements or contributions contained in the journal. Views expressed by contributors are not necessarily those of the publisher. Š All rights reserved.

Vol. 23 / No. 6 ISSN 1025-2886 Home page:


July 2012



Construction Tenders In Africa Check them out.

GUEST George Williams 18

A Directory Of Construction Related Material & Service Providers. Are you listed?

PERSONALITY Mr. Henry Laas 19 SUPPLEMENTS Buiding with Precast Concrete


Solar Powered Generators 24

Get a weekly newsletter on what’s happening in construction in Africa

PROJECTS Milele Apartments 30 Mandhir Construction Limited 34 Time Project 38 CBD’s New Exponential Office Block


Share your opinions and comments in our Construction forum


Download free QR Readers from the web and Scan this code with your smart phone to access more stories on the CR website

July 2012


MANAGING EDITOR Robert Barnes COUNTRY EDITORS Kenya - Francis Makari Uganda - Irene Kabuzire

The Site Board China in Africa

WRITERS Irene Kabuzire,Elaine Young, Emmanuel Onsomu, Sam Kamenyi, Dominic Uys, Lindsay Wagner

China’s influence as a global player has continued to rise in the past two decade or so , moving in tandem with its economic might.


In Africa the Chinese have taken special interest in the acquisition of mineral resources in order to feed its industrial consumption.

WEB / GRAPHIC DESIGN Augustine O. Ombwa

In the construction industry Chinese companies have also made significant inroads in virtually every country outside South Africa edging out traditional European and South African companies. This has been in part attributed to cost competitiveness, access to cheap capital and skilled low cost labour. The Chinese’s government has also lent support in this endeavour.

ADVERTISING EXECUTIVES Kenya Frances Lagoussis (Mombasa), Denis Ondeyo, Titus Oyuga, Trizah Njoroge South Africa: Kevin Schorr ,Tabitha Muthoni, Winnie Sentabire, Prince Moyo, Linda Mangwiro, Angeline Ntobeng

While there was a time their quality was called to question today, the quality standards have been anything but poor and so despite Africa’s challenging environment the Chinese are coming out on top when it comes to large infrastructural and housing projects.

Uganda: Penny Komugisha, Betty Nabakooza Botswana: Dickson Manyudza, Gerald Mazikana Tanzania: Tom Kiage

Its time for the indigenous companies to borrow a leaf and evolve, strip off excess fat and become more competitive in the changing environment otherwise they will soon become a relic of the past.

Malawi: Anderson Fumulani Ghana: Anthony Hondah, George Laing Zimbabwe: Cyri’l Zenda Rwanda: Collison Lore Nigeria: Seni Bello China:Weng Jie

Published by Group Africa Publishing Ltd Botswana Office Cadline (Pty) Ltd. P/Bag 494 Gaborone, Botswana. Tel: +267 318 7101 Fax: +267 318 102 E-mail: botswana@ China Office Hangzhou Oversea Advertising Ltd 55-3-703 Guan Lane, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310003, China Tel: +86-571- 87063843 Fax: +1-928-752-6886 (retrievable worldwide) Email: china@ Ghana Office Apex Media Africa P.O. Box 2558 Accra GP +233 (0)302 942 528 Kenya Office Northwest Ventures Ltd P.O. Box 16414 Nairobi 00100 Kenya Tel: +254 20 2679809, 2679808, 2091305 Email: kenya@ Malawi Office Centre for Media Advocacy P.O. Box 1732, Blantyre, Malawi Tel: 2659954854 E-mail: malawi@ Rwanda Office Kolline & Hemed Inc., B.P. 3328, Kigali, Rwanda Tel: +250 03 748106 E-mail: rwanda@ Website:

Zimbabwe Office CMC Media Publications (Pvt) Ltd, P.O. Box 4828, Harare, Zimbabwe. E-mail: zimbabwe@ Tanzania Office Daas Agencies Ltd P. O. Box 96061 Tel: (022) 2124328 Fax: (022) 2124328, Dar es Salaam E-mail: tanzania@ Nigeria Office B23/24, Aishetu Emoewa Plaza 196, Iju Water Works Road, Ifako Ijaye Lga,Agege, Lagos. Tel: 234-1-7347860 Email: nigeria@ South Africa Office College Publishers Ltd 1st Floor Oak Street, Oakfields, Randburg, Johannesburg Tel: +27 11 781 4253 Fax: +27 11 781 4287 Email: crinfo@ Uganda Office Trine Media Ltd 2nd Floor Greenland Towers, Kampala Road, Uganda P.O. Box 37690, Kampala Tel: 256 414 340394/ 312 287770 Fax: 256 414 340393 Email: uganda@

Robert Barnes

August 2012

September 2012

Partitions Office Partitions

Lifts Scissor Lifts in Construction

Ceilings New Trends

Wet Services Electronic Plumbing

October 2012

November 2012

Security Biometrics In Construction

Solar Power Nanoscience Technology

Fire fighting Fire-Rated Plasterboards

Computer Software Construction Estimating Software

The editor accepts letters and manuscripts for publication from readers all over the world. Include your name and address as a sign of good faith although you may request your name to be withheld from publication. We reserve the right to edit any material submitted . Send your letters to:



Bujagali Adds 250MW to National Grid The multi-million dollar Bujagali hydropower project has finally achieved and exceeded the 250MW contracted capacity, which has been added onto the national grid for consumption. This development means Uganda can meet her electricity needs for at least two years from now. "There is no more load-shedding whatsoever because all the machines are running," energy minister Irene Muloni confirmed. Bujagali Energy Ltd announced the successful completion of the mandatory seven-day reliability test run for the fifth unit. Unit four was commissioned two weeks ago. Consumers will not experience loadshedding at any time as power deficit has been wiped out, at least for 24 months. The $860m Bujagali hydropower project was commissioned, unit by unit, in response to energy ministry's strategic decision to replace the expensive thermal power generation at the earliest date and minimise load-shedding

No more load shedding as 250MW is added to the national grid.


Petrocity Unveils Sh1.5 billion Oil Terminal The entry of more private players in the construction of oil terminals will lead to reduced fuel prices for motorists, an industry expert has revealed. Petrocity Managing Director Aman Kurji said that a key factor in determining the price of fuel by the Energy Regulatory Commission (ERC) is the trucking costs incurred during the transport of products from Mombasa to Nairobi and the demurrages caused when vessels have to wait at the port due to lack of space at the Kenya Pipeline Company (KPC) depot. He spoke while unveiling a Sh1.5 billion terminal which is to be located in Konza on the Nairobi-Mombasa highway. The facility, whose construction began in January, is about 50 percent complete as they plan to cater for Nairobi's growing demand for fuel by increasing availability of petroleum products to new entrants and independent dealers who have limited access to truck loading facilities in Nairobi. Petrocity will have a highly advanced stock controlling computerised system set up by the major American conglomerate company Honeywell, to provide oil marketers with live and up-to-date stock positions instantly. The complete package to be supplied by Honeywell includes the pipeline receipt system, tank farm, truck loading system and terminal automation.

Oil terminal nears completion. There are hopes it will result in reduced pump prices.


Dangote Resume Construction of U.S.$115 Million Cement Plant in Cameroon The construction of Nigerian cement giant, Dangote Cement Plc's $115 million (N18.2 billion) new plant in the Cameroonian economic hub of Douala has restarted after a land dispute was resolved. Work on the 1.5 million tonnes-a-year plant began last September and was due to last 18 months. But it was halted earlier this year after the ethnic Sawa people filed an injunction against the project, complaining it violated their sacred site on the banks of the Wouri River. "Following instructions from the Presidency of the Republic, work has resumed at the Dangote cement factory," the Governor of the Littoral Region, Joseph Beti Assomo said.Sawa representatives were not immediately available for comment but several Douala residents confirmed that construction work was on going. Nigerian billionaire Aliko Dangote is aiming for a valuation of up to $40 billion for his rapidly expanding cement company at its London listing next year, several times that of top global rival Lafarge.

Dangote's Cameroonnian project back on track after delays due to a land dispute.

July 2012




Work underway at Damietta power plant Work is underway to expand the Demietta power plant after a long record of facilities mismanagement, poor working conditions and disputes between residents and employees against its management, the State Information Service reported recently. The power plant was labeled by residents as the most hazardous plant in Egypt. However work is underway at the Damietta power plant at a cost of around EGP2bn, said Egypt's Electricity Minister Hassan Younis. The 500-megawatt power plant consists of three steam turbines using natural gas as primary fuel and diesel as alternative. It is expected to be operational by May of 2016. The scheduled expansion of the plant was an attempt to rectify the plant’s waste management problem though Protesters demanded that governorate officials shut down the factory, which they said was “deadly and hazardous” to residents, marine life, as well as agriculture. Residents also said the factory, which produces fertilizers and petrochemical products, did not use proper filters when disposing its waste, which has been Damietta power plant has revived at a cost of EGP2bn. disastrous to the environmental integrity of the governorate.

Ivory Coast to triple capacity at main port

Ivory Coast

Ivory Coast's main port of Abidjan aims to nearly triple annual container capacity to 2.3 million units by 2016 to keep up with regional competitors following a decade of neglect, the port's director said. The port authority opened bidding for the construction and management of a second container terminal recently. The planned second terminal will have a transit capacity of 1.5 million 20-foot containers per year, adding to the port's current capacity of 800,000 containers. Construction will begin next year, with completion expected in 2016, Sie said. The port, located in the West African nation's commercial capital, is already one of the region's principal shipping hubs. The bulk of top grower Ivory Coast's cocoa exports passes through Abidjan, as do around 60 percent of goods entering and exiting land-locked Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger. A political gridlock ended last year after a brief civil war, and Ivory Coast's economy is rebounding. After a contraction of 4.7 percent in 2011, the IMF is projecting GDP growth of 8 percent this year due largely to a series of major public works projects.

Bayelsa Releases US$37 million for Road Projects

The port authority has opened bidding for the construction and managment of a second container terminal.


The Bayelsa Government in Nigeria has promised to resuscitate the abandoned three senatorial roads with the release of N6 billion to three construction firms for the speedy completion of the projects, with a view to fast track development in the hinterland. Presenting the cheques at Government House, Yanagoa, Governor Seriake Dickson urged the construction firms, to ensure they deliver quality job, taking into cognizance specification and concept of the road projects. A breakdown of the funds released shows that N2 billion was for the construction of Yenagoa-Oporoma Road by Julius Berger, representing the Central Senatorial road project; N2.5 billion for the construction of Sagbama-Ekeremor Road in the West Senatorial district road to Setraco and N1.5 billion to China Construction Company for the execution of Etegwe -Tombia Road. 8

The Bayelsa Government in Nigeria has promised to resuscitate the abandoned three senatorial roads with the release of N6 billion.

July 2012



Construction of an Independent Water Project (IWP) in Muscat set to begin The project will be constructed within the complex of the existing Al Ghubrah Power Generation and Water Desalination Plant in Muscat Governorate. The latter facility, built in phases over many years, is itself planned to be decommissioned in line with OPWP’s seven-year planning process, as well as for environmental considerations. Of nearly 15 international companies that had sought to prequalify to participate in the competitive tender for the licence, seven leading developers were invited by the Tender Board to submit their proposals for the IWP.

Marubeni Corporation has joined hands with the wholly Omani governmentowned energy and infrastructure investment vehicle, Oman Oil Company and National Power and Water, to bid for the IWP licence. JGC Corporation of Japan has signed on as the Engineering-Procurement-Construction (EPC) contractor in the bid.Malakoff International has teamed up with Sumitomo Corporation along with Spain’s Cadagua, a leading engineering and construction firm specialising in the establishment of water desalination 15 international companies had sought to prequalify to participate in the competitive tender for the licence. plants.


U.S.$851 Billion Annually for Infrastructure' Developed and others emerging nations will need a total investment of $851 billion annual to enable them improve on the quality of infrastructure in their economies, the global strategy and consulting firm - the Roland Berger Strategy Consultants has said. The infrastructural facilities include water, electricity supply, telecommunications or transportation. According to Roland Berger, there are 145 countries with low to moderate gross national incomes that need to invest the above mentioned amount annually to bring their infrastructure up to date. It insisted that lack of infrastructure meant that some countries were producing less than 45 per cent of their capacity, adding that there were risks associated with the poor state of infrastructure in those countries. These risks are often misunderstood, and should be accorded a considerably lower interest rate risk surcharge than the norm. These improperly assessed risks are costing Africa alone around $9 billion per year. For this reason, some countries today are only half as productive as they actually could be.

Infrastructure development in Africa requires U.S.$851 Billion annually to meet demand.

Construction starts on Glen Waverley station precinct project


The Glen Waverley station precinct will become an attractive destination for commuters, residents, shoppers and diners with the completion of works, following the launch of construction recently at the landmark $70 million IKON project site. Minister for Public Transport Terry Mulder launched the construction stage of works with project partners VicTrack and Consolidated Properties Group and government representatives at the construction site on Kingsway. The project also delivers transport benefits that will enhance the Glen Waverley station precinct and will make it safer, more secure, more accessible and more appealing. This investment will deliver an improved station forecourt that will reduce reliance on ramps, steps and make access to the station easier. From a work commute to a shopping trip, this project will create a destination that people will enjoy by delivering a range of services and facilities fronting onto the station. VicTrack is a Victorian Government rail business that owns Victoria’s railway land and infrastructure

The proposed Glen Waverley station on Kingsway.

July 2012



Vapour Check And Airtight Membrane (Walls) 'pro clima INTELLO®PLUS features humidity-variable diffusion resistance that is particularly effective in all climate areas. It thereby gives maximum protection to thermal insulation when moisture entry occurs in timber or steel frame structures, e.g. through leaks, damp building materials or diffusion through adjoining structural surfaces. This means optimum moisture protection for all fibrous insulating materials in all constructions, whether they are vapour diffusion permeable or vapour diffusion resistant externally such as pitched roofs with bitumen sheeting or metal sheet roofing, flat or green roofs and walls with diffusion resistant exterior cladding. It provides optimum protection for all thermal insulation systems in roofs, walls and floors; possesses the world's best and most effective variable diffusion resistance under any climatic conditions. Website:

New Technique Allows Mass Production of Building Components Like other professionals, architects have used computer-aided design (CAD) software in their work for decades. Typically, the resulting digital files are converted to hard-copy plans, which are then used to support traditional construction practices. Researchers in the College of Architecture at the Georgia Institute of Technology are now automating some of the processes by which computer-based designs are turned into real world entities. They're developing techniques that fabricate building elements directly from digital designs, allowing custom concrete components to be manufactured rapidly and at low cost. "We're developing the research and the protocols to manufacture high-end customized architectural products economically, safely and with environmental responsibility," said Tristan Al-Haddad, an assistant professor in the College of Architecture who is a leader in this effort. Website:

Multi-purpose Staging Versatility, flexibility, and reliability combine to make StageRight portable staging a great choice. Use the same components to set up seating risers or stages in shapes and sizes that can change from one event to the next for optimum flexibility. Multi-purpose staging can be configured as graduation stages; speaker platforms, music risers, theater stages, show-choir risers, head table risers, stage extensions, pit fillers, fashion show runways and concert stages, using the same decks and supports. Save time with fewer supports to set up and tear down as decks bridge both front-to-back and sideto-side. For maximum stability in every configuration, and a return on investment that will make your budget go far, trust StageRight Staging for your needs.

Rubber Flooring Trelleborg produces high quality rubber flooring for public areas as well as for industrial areas where high durability, good design and a safe surface are needed. By offering low maintenance costs and long service life their flooring also provides for good total economy. Due to the unique construction, their floors offer outstanding ergonomical features both for sound reduction and standing comfort. Through a world-wide network of distributors, they offer a wide range of attractive floor colours and patterns. The products range include: Checker® which is instantly recognized thanks to its characteristic checker plate pattern and bright surface. The shine helps to emphasise the high quality of the flooring while adding a little extra carefully planned interiors. Checker comes in a wide range of bold and bright shades - there are 28 different colours to choose from! Checker® stud has an extremely wear resistant studded surface with a classical lozenge pattern. The middle layer of softer rubber is sound reducing and comfortable when standing and walking for a longer time. Website: 10

July 2012


Association of Consulting Engineers Nigeria ACEN to host work shop on management of claims and resolution of disputes The Association of consulting engineers in Nigeria has designed a 2-day workshop to provide practical advice to those with FIDIC Conditions of Contract in the management of claims, understanding, defending and achieving the resolution to claims and the workings of the Dispute Adjudication Board and Arbitration. The seminar will provide the necessary knowledge for professionals from Government Ministries and Agencies, Private Sector Employers, Consulting Engineers, Contractors, Quantity Surveyors, Architects, Legal Advisers and all who are involved with the next generation of International Projects. It will run from Tuesday 14th to Wednesday 15th August, 2012 at Sheraton Hotel. Bogdan Oprea (the facilitator) is a member of Romanian Association of Consulting Engineers, Mediator, Dispute Adjudicator and Resolution Board Member. An expert in the fields of Civil Engineering, Buildings, Infrastructure and a member of Romanian Translation Group of the FIDIC Contracts. Despite of the Participants receiving course completion certificates and the e-copy of the course working papers, the work shop will go a long way to impact positively to the attendee’s knowledge wise.

World Clean Technology Summit Date: Venue: Contact:

26th- 28th September 2012 Kampala Robinah

Every year, Pilot International continues to provide a Global Platform for Advancement of Innovations and Clean Technology for a Sustainable World. The growth and success of their events is testament to Pilot Internationals’ determination to provide a global platform for effective dialogue on renewable energy, clean technology and environmental innovations, as well as to achieve 3 of the millennium development goals. The World Clean Technology Summit will bring together world leaders in renewable energy, exhibitors, investors, scientists and clean technology providers from around the world to engage, interact with each other, exchange business contacts, forge partnerships, and pave a way forward for a sustainable future.

4th APPP – Africa Public Private Partnership Conference And Showcase Date: Venue: Contact:

14th- 16th November 2012 Nigeria Aurore Colella

The 4th edition of the International Africa Public Private Partnership Conference and Showcase will take place in Abuja, Federal Republic of Nigeria from 14-16 November at the Sheraton Hotel. APPP 2012 is the only event in Africa where senior professional, VP to CEO level delegate from small engineering firms to top 10 global infrastructure developments firms, financiers and legal advisers behind innovation will gather to discuss high level strategy and build quality relationships. APPP 2012 is where forward thinking companies and leaders of national PPP units will come to initiate their next PPP deal. The APPP conference now in its 4th edition and has evolved into Africa’s premier PPP event, unparalleled in its presentation and reputation

as a definitive platform and a strategic forum to gain hard information on Africa’s PPP sector. The 2011 edition held in Nairobi, Kenya attracted the attendance of 231 delegates from 25 countries.

July 2012


Nigeria Gas and Steel introduce structural sections

Eskom Limited Solar Water Heating Programme

Saldanha to get liquefied petroleum gas storage facility

Nigeria Gas and Steel Ltd has introduced into the Nigerian market their newest product the Hollow Structural Sections(HSS). It is used as structural elements in buildings , other structures and variety of manufactured products.

Eskom ltd has rolled out a large-scale solar water heating programme, to actively encourage and promote the widespread implementation of solar water heating. This programme will assist SA citizens when buying an SABS tested solar water heater to replace the conventional geyser.

Construction of largest liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) storage facility will start early in 2013 and the plant will be operational in late 2014 according to Ilitha Group.

HSS has greater strength-to-weight ratios than wide flange beams, also excellent compression characteristics and exceptional torsional resistance. HSS provides a uniformity of size, shape, strength and tolerances that makes its use totally predictable while it is also competitive in cost with other structural materials. With improved connecting and fasting methods it can often enjoy cost advantage. Nigeria Gas and Steel Ltd, formerly known as Mouke Pipe was established in 1976 and is based in Ikeja Lagos. The company is a long time expert in manufacturing of steel tubes and pipes of various sizes, shapes and thicknesses for furniture and construction industries.

The government has set a target for renewable energy to contribute 10 000 giga watt hours (GWh) of final energy consumption by 2013. Solar water heating could contribute up to 23% towards this target. Solar power is one of the most effective renewable energy sources available. By implementing it in water heating, we can target one of the most power-intensive household activities for maximum power saving effect.

The project, aimed at reducing LPG shortages that regularly hit Africa’s largest economy, will cost about 1,2 billion rand ($143 million), with imports coming from the Middle East, Gulf of Guinea and Angola. “We will be commissioning the facility at the end of December 2014,” said Barthlo Harmse, of Sunrise Energy, the company developing the site next to the Saldanha Bay port on the country’s west coast.

Focusing on the entire spectrum of electricity users – from private homes, guest houses, residential estates, factories and manufacturing plants to retail chains, car dealerships, financial institutions, commercial properties, office parks and farms – the programmes focus on identifying and promoting more efficient ways to use electricity, and switching over to energy efficient technologies.

Sunrise Energy is a joint venture between Ilitha Group and state-owned financier Industrial Development Corporation.


South Africa

An estimated 3% of the country’s 49 million people use LPG and the intention is to have an additional one million users over the next five years. Ilitha Group is spear heading this efforts to make sure the project is up and running by 2014.

Association Partners Kenya

- Architectural Association of Kenya - Institute of Quantity Surveyors of Kenya - Institute of Engineers of Kenya - Association of Consulting Engineers of - Kenya - Association of Professional Societies of East Africa APSEA) - Kenya Property developers Association - Institution of Surveyors of Kenya


Institute of Namibian Quantity Surveyors Association of Consulting Engineers of Namibia


Institute of Surveyors of Uganda


Institute of Botswana Quantity Surveyors


- Zimbabwe Institute of Quantity Surveyors - Zimbabwe Institute of Engineers - The Construction Industry Federation of Zimbabwe (Cifoz)


- Ghana Institute of Engineers - Architects Registration Council - Ghana Institute of Surveyors - Ghana Green Builders Association - Ghana Institute of Planners

Tanzania - Tanzania Institute of Quantity Surveyors - Construction Regulation Board (CRB) - Tanzania’s Registration Board of Architects and Quantity Surveyors (AQSRB)

- ASAQS - SAICE - South African Council for the Quantity Surveying Profession - Khuthaza ( Women for Housing) - Concrete Manufacturers Association - Green Building council of SA - South African Property Owners Association - Master Builders South Africa


- Association of Consulting Engineers Nigeria - Association of Professional Women Engineers Of Nigeria - Council of Registered Builders of Nigeria - The Nigerian Institute of Architects - American Association of Petroleum Geologists Africa Region July 2012

Build Expo 2012 Held: 5th– 7th May 2012, Venue: Kenyatta International Conference Centre, Nairobi - Kenya

Construction Review's Faustine Salleh assists a visitor at the Construction Review desk.

One of the many Indian companies at the event.

The event had a truly international outlook. Here, a Portuguese company CS - Coelho da Silva, displays their clay tiles .

Kenya's Metropolitan Minister Jamleck Kamau gives his speech at the opening ceremony.

Kenya's Metropolitan Minister Jamleck Kamau cuts the tape to officially open the Expo.

Construction machinery from Hyundai Heavy Industries on display at the Expo.

AWEA Wind Power 2012 Conference & Exhibition - Atlanta GA June 3rd - 6th, 2012

Entertainers at the start of the exhibition.

Delegates having a chat moments to the opening of the exhibition.

CS WIND stand.

Staff of wind power program at their stand.

stand show case.

Suzlon stand in the exhibition.

Tokyo Sky Tree The tallest tower in the world The Tokyo Sky Tree has become the tallest tower in the world at a full height of 635 metres taking the position that was held by the Canton Tower. It is also the second tallest structure in the world after Burj Khalifa which reaches a soaring 829.84 metres.

found in any other city around the world. This new tower has been born based on the traditional sense of beauty and utilizing the advanced technology of Japan. The new tower will create a new landscape that goes beyond space and Urban Revitalization.

The foot of the new tower is shaped as a triangle. The number "3" is the smallest unit that can provide stability as exemplified by tripods. That rational shape minimizes any sense of over-bearing and the impact of shadows on the surroundings.

To create, connect and spread new life into this area where traditional Edo culture continues to live. The foot of the new tower is arched and shaped like three open gates. In addition, there will be two observatories - one 350m above ground and another 450m above ground. Restaurants, stores and other facilities are also planned for the 350m section to offer gourmet food and other pleasures while enjoying a commanding view of Kanto.

The shape was also chosen because it is symbolic of the triangular crisscrossing in the area of the Sumidagawa (Sumida River), Arakawa (Ara River) and the east-west axis of traffic. In addition, concerning the silhouette, the "sori" (concave curves) and "mukuri" (convex curves) seen in traditional Japanese architecture, etc. were the images in mind. The smooth curves that changes from the top towards the foot of the tower give the tower a dignified poise and an elegant air to it. Furthermore, as you move up from the foot to the top of the tower, the base form changes from triangular to circular. The varied appearances that the tower will have depending on the angle or place from which the tower is seen also makes this a landmark full of originality that is unlike anything 14

Plans are to set up a sky walkway covered in glass around the observatory lobby at an altitude of 450m, enabling the world's highest walk to be enjoyed. Moreover, a bustling complex with character distinctive of a shitamachi (the traditional name for the area of Tokyo extending from Taito, Chiyoda and Chuo Wards east of the Sumida River where many merchants, craftsmen, etc. reside) is being planned in the area surrounding the new tower to create an environment enjoyable for everyone irrespective of age or gender or nationality. July 2012

Watch Tower The new tower has been positioned as the core facility for the new digital broadcasting era and has the social duty to serve as the lifeline of the information infrastructure in times of disaster. Everything from structural form to construction techniques will involve the all-out mobilization of people with experience and expertise in state-of-the-art technology as well as traditional techniques.

Color Concept White, the color of the Tokyo Sky Tree as seen from the Sumida River, expresses traditional Japanese aesthetics. White recalls Japanese purity and sanctity as seen in snow-capped Mt. Fuji, as well as in the firemen's matoi and festival nobori banners, both of which are spiritual symbols of the old town of Edo. It is a color representing the traditional sense of beauty held by the Japanese people.

In addition, the new tower is aim to be a long-life structure that accounts for renovations, updating and other lifecycles and, at the same time, will contribute to the development of a center that satisfies the disaster prevention plans promoted by the area through being equipped with disaster prevention features. The five-story pagoda, representative of architectural techniques specific to Japan, is structured in a way that each floor is independent with a central pillar at the core. This structure and resulting interaction between the pagoda floors is said to help minimize the size of tremors in the event of an earthquake or during strong winds. The structural system of the new tower will recreate this five-story pagoda damping system using the latest technology.

The word shiro (white) in Japanese originated from shiru (know) or shirushi (sign), a color used to differentiate one from the rest and also to recall a symbolic value. The white Tokyo Sky Tree will serve as a symbol of the area and embodiment of the pride of the surrounding residents.

Tower Structure Learning from the technique of indigo dyeing, the white color for the tower will have a tint of blue in it to give a subtle luster, like the faint bluish white seen in white porcelain. Gray EV shafts give depth to the white tower structure, making the total tower design stand out in bold relief. The lath and metallic panels of the observation deck give an integral look to the tower structure, blending with the Tokyo sky. The brilliant white peak pointing to the blue sky symbolizes the spirit of innovation and the future.

White will serve as a screen to show the changes in the sky and the city, the landscape beyond time and space through all seasons. The night view will be even spectacular with the tower illuminated to stand out in the dark. It will capture the images of the vibrant community created by all walks of life who visit the tower. This is an original color based on aijiro, Japanese traditional color, and the lightest shade of indigo dye. Inspired by the technique of indigo dyeing, the Sky Tree White has a tint of blue in it. The faint bluish white gives a subtle luster to the tower as seen in white porcelains. The color created by artisans, a traditional Japanese handicraft, hints at the dawn of a new culture through the encounter of the Tokyo Sky Tree with the artisan culture, passed down for generations in the downtown area, where the tower stands. The tower clad in Sky Tree White will shine brilliantly under the blue sky of downtown Tokyo, transcending time and space.

July 2012


Metcoppo_Rigidal_CR_14_06_12.pdf 1 6/14/2012 12:56:43 PM

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Making our Mark on the Continent Transforming Africa’s Infrastructure, one project at a time As an international company with roots in Africa for more that 30 years, Turner & Townsend has been behind the realisation of many of Africa’s biggest projects - from alternative energy, to airports, rail, property and natural resources. We have provided our clients with unparalleled programme and project management and end to end construction consultancy services, underpinned by local market intelligence and insight, and supported by our global network of skills. Last year alone, we were involved in African projects with a combined value exceeding US$100bn. Our project experience extends to project delivery in more than 18 African Countries including Zimbabwe, Mali, Nigeria, Angola, Mozambique and Kenya. Our portfolio includes projects of regional and national strategic importance such as the New Multi Products Pipeline and the King Shaka International Airport in South Africa, the DeBeers Jwaneng Mine Cut 8 Development in Botswana; the Society House Redevelopment in Zambia; the Grand Karavia Hotel in DR Congo, the Sabodala Gold Project in Senegal and the Askaf iron ore project in Mauritania.

All eyes on East Africa! Based on an ever increasing project portfolio in East Africa and, staying true to our philosophy of utilising local skills, Turner & Townsend has established a fully fledged hub in Kampala, Uganda. Flagship projects in the region include: 

A Transaction Advisory role on the development of serviced office and living accommodation for the Uganda Police Force through a Private Public Partnership; Risk analysis and budget verification on the Kasamene Oil Field in the Lake Albert District of Uganda, on behalf of Tullow Oil; Contract Administration, Cost Engineering and Quantity Surveying services on the Construction of a Nile Breweries Ltd (SAB Miller Plc) Greenfield Brewery in Mbarara, Western Uganda; Cost and Contract Management services on the upgrade of the Ohio Street precinct of buildings in central Dar-esSalaam; and Project Management services to a new laboratory facility for the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture in Dares-Salaam.

From concept design to decommissioning, no matter how big the challenge, or how small the detail, Turner & Townsend is able to assist you to achieve goals, meet challenges, make the most of opportunities and develop and operate world class infrastructure assets in Uganda and East Africa.

For further details please contact: East Africa

Rest of Africa

Elizabeth Natukunda t: +256 (0) 31 231 4332 e:

Ross Dunkerley t: +27 (0)11 214 1400 e:

Lake Champlain Bridge The new Network Tied Arch Bridge is a steel structure with an arch along the center span. The bridge's design makes it significantly safer than the previous structure and will ensure at least a 75-year service life. Key bridge components are designed to be easily replaceable to reduce maintenance costs. Travel lanes are 11 feet wide, with five-foot shoulders that will help accommodate larger trucks and farm vehicles, as well as provide ample room for cyclists. Sidewalks are featured on both sides of the bridge. The eight-story, 402-foot long, 1.8 million pound arch was constructed at Velez Marine in Port Henry, then floated down the lake and lifted into place. Building the arch on land was much faster, easier and cost-efficient than trying to safely build the arch high in the air above Lake Champlain.


The Structure The substructure is comprised of two concrete abutments and seven concrete piers that support the new bridge (the pier numbering starts on the NY side). The two concrete abutments, one at each end of the bridge, are founded on a series of 28 smaller micro-piles. Piers 1 through 6 are founded on a total of 32 6-foot diameter drilled shafts in the lake. Near the NY shore, the casings are about 40 feet long, while in the deeper main channel areas near the mid-span of the bridge, the casings are over 100 feet long. Pier 7, the pier closest to VT, is founded on a spread footing on rock on the shore.

teeth on the bottom of the casings were used to drill, or seat, the casing a minimum of 6 inches into the rock. Once seated in rock, the casings were emptied and cleaned of all soils and debris, and a 10- to 15- foot-long rock socket was drilled into bedrock at the base of the casing.

The 6-foot diameter steel casings were driven through the lake bottom soils until they reached bedrock. Once they reached rock, carbide cutting-

The completed drilled shafts were topped with a reinforced concrete pile cap, located at water level. The pile cap forms the foundation upon which the reinforced concrete piers were built. The 7 piers are essentially similar except the height of the pier stems varies depending on location. Once the piers were completed the steel girders were erected atop the piers.

The casing was then fitted with heavy spiral steel reinforcement and filled with concrete. The steel casings were used to facilitate the drilling and installation of the reinforced concrete shafts, and although they will remain in place, they are considered an interim measure as they are not accounted for in the design calculations or required to support the bridge.

July 2012

The contractor secured a lease and all the required permits to assemble the center arch span at the Valez Marine in Port Henry, NY. The arch was floated on barges to the bridge site and lifted into place on the ends of the NY and VT approach structures using a heavy lift method. The center span was lifted into place without a concrete deck. This was done to limit the weight of the lift to just the structural steel components of the structure. To expedite the deck construction on the arch, precast concrete panels were used for both the roadway surface and the sidewalks, which are located on the outside of the arch. These panels were staged on barges, lifted by crane to one end of the arch and moved into position using rollers. After the arch was loaded with the weight of the precast panels, the final VT and NY approach deck pours were progressed. The transverse space between each precast deck and sidewalk panel was filled with concrete in a series of small transverse closure pours. With all of the transverse closure pours completed and cured, the precast concrete deck panel system was post-tensioned.

The final work included the pouring of the longitudinal closure pours on the arch span, pouring the remaining sections of sidewalk on the approach spans, installing the remaining bridge rail and pedestrian fence, installation of the bridge joints, diamond grinding the arch deck panels to assure smoothness, sawcut-grooving the bridge deck to provide wet weather traction, installing the navigational, handrail and aesthetic lighting, and pavement striping. Construction Team The construction contractor on the project was Flatiron Construction Corp. of Firestone, Colorado. Flatiron brought a core team of approximately a dozen managers, but hired nearly 500 different laborers, many of them local residents from New York and Vermont. Local subcontractors and material suppliers were used as well. The project to build the new bridge was completed by both the New York State

Department of Transportation (NYSDOT) and the Vermont Agency of Transportation (VTrans) as co-lead agencies under an agreement between the states. Under this agreement, NYSDOT was responsible for progression of the project and costs were shared equally by both states. As a result of the unprecedented collaboration between the partners involved in building the new bridge and the leadership of the two governors, construction was completed in just two years rather than the initial eight year projection. Work to construct the new LCB began in June 2010, and continued through the 2010-11 winter season. The construction of the LCB encompasses three major work phases: the concrete substructure, the steel and concrete superstructure, and the approach roadways.

July 2012 2012


Guest Providing Mass Housing In Nigeria

George Williams - architect Akivisions Design Team, Lagos, Nigeria

Addressing The Major Challenges In the heated ongoing debates in the various news media and other fora such as conferences and workshops about the acute shortages of shelter for Nigerians, especially in our urban centres, three major challenges are clearly identifiable. These are availability of mortgages to potential and interested homeowners, availability of capital for investment in large-scale housing production, and the cost of construction – in descending order of importance. However, the interplay between the three is so substantial that without the viable operation of all three simultaneously then scarcity of urban homes will continue to dog us relentlessly. Let us proceed to discuss why. Mortgages Just now, the availability of mortgages is the most critical issue in the housing sector. The few mortgage banks that are offering genuine mortgages are doing so at such astronomical rates as to make mortgages utterly unattractive.

At that Bank, interest rate on mortgages is no more than ten percent whereas tenor can be as high as 15 years. Still, this is not good enough if the housing sector is to reach its full potential. There has been in operation the ingenious idea of the National Housing Fund (NHF), where workers contribute a small fraction of their income to a central pool of funds, from which mortgage loans are made to interested contributors who apply to use the loan to build or purchase homes. 20

Most interest rates that accompany the available mortgages are at 15 percent per annum interest rate or more, accompanied by tenors as short as only ten years. Consequently, even if members of the public were keen to take up these mortgages, their inability to afford them automatically disqualifies a huge segment of the potential patrons. Although these mortgages obviously enjoy limited patronage from the public, most of these mortgage banks post annual performance results that flaunt impressive profits without revealing if these profits derive from their mortgage business - or otherwise. In other words, they conspicuously fail to tell us how many mortgage loans they successfully make annually. The only institution that offers a product that closely resembles a comparatively reasonable mortgage for homeownership is First Mortgages, a subsidiary of Nigeria’s largest bank by share capital, First Bank of Nigeria. At that Bank, interest rate on mortgages is no more than ten percent whereas tenor can be as high as 15 years. Still, this is not good enough if the housing sector is to reach its full potential. There has been in operation the ingenious idea of the National Housing Fund (NHF), where workers contribute a small fraction of their income to a central pool of funds, from which mortgage loans are made to interested contributors who apply to use the loan to build or purchase homes.

Interest rates for such loans are only 6% per annum, whiles the tenor applicable to the loan can be as long as 25 years. But the process of treating and eventually approving applications has become so notoriously cumbersome and protracted as to actually discourage potential applicants. In fact, the NHF managers have not in any particular year been able to boast of a significant number of successful applicants. From another point of view however, there appears to be justification why the fund managers are exercising caution in the approval of such loans. There is clear evidence to show that, because of the very modest interest rate attached to these loans when compared to commercial loans, many applicants seek to fraudulently obtain these loans to eventually divert them to other uses. But the fact remains that to attract meaningful and substantial investment capital into the mass housing sector, a benchmark of the number of mortgage loans that the NHF will have to make every year must be set and rigorously observed. Capital Investment In Housing Production Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) The often widely peddled impression that capital invested in the housing construction sector holds a lot of promise of profitable returns for the investor has proved time and again in many capitalist countries to be true without a shadow of doubt. But because housing investment is long term, and the frequent policy inconsistencies that normal arise over the long term locally, the attendant risks resulting from such inconsistencies have continued to often deter potential investors in our peculiar local circumstances. Government officials nevertheless stress that reforms are continually afoot to remove these policy hiccups thereby paving the way for sincere investors to plough their resources (especially Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) which hopefully will come in larger dollops) to mitigate the housing crisis - amongst the other sectors that are equally competing for this badly needed investment. But this begs of the question; ‘Are the potential returns on popular housing investment in the current operating environment truly attractive enough to bring FDI into affordable mass housing production?’

Read more on this article at

July 2012

Personality Mr. Henry Laas Chief Executive Officer, Murray & Roberts Henry Lass first joined Murray & Roberts in 2001. He was appointed to the executive directors Board on 1 April 2011 and became Group chief executive on 1 July 2011. Upon his appointment, He became a member of the health, safety & environment committee. Murray & Roberts is South Africa’s leading engineering, contracting and construction services company. It operates in Southern Africa, Middle East, Southeast Asia, Australasia and North and South America from its home-base in Johannesburg South Africa, where it has a public listing on the JSE Limited. It has an international coordinating office in the United Kingdom and principle offices in Australia, Botswana, Canada, Namibia, United Arab Emirates and Zimbabwe. It has created employment, developed skills, installed infrastructure, delivered services, applied technology and built capacity throughout South and Southern Africa for 109 years, making a significant contribution to sustainable socio-economic development in the region. Mr. Henry Laas, B.Eng Mining, MBA has been the Group Chief Executive officer, Executive Director and Member of Executive Committee, Murray & Roberts Holdings Ltd. since April 1, 2011 and is responsible for its Engineering Cluster of businesses. He was a Managing Director of RUC Mining Contractors, predecessor of Murray & Roberts Cementation for almost a decade. He has extensive experience in the mineral resources and mining contracting environments. Henry Lass has significantly improved the overall performance profile of Murray & Roberts, strengthening its position in South Africa and turning it into a major force in the domestic and global Mining sector. He was instrumental in the establishment of the Cementation Group as a successful and global business. He served on the boards of Australian and South American businesses of Cementation. He has been a Non-Executive Director of Clough Limited since 2011. Henry first worked as a Graduate Mining Engineer before taking up his first job at Murray Roberts as a Managing Director, RUC Mining Contractors.

Assets worth R15 billion are under his control, 42000 people are under his leadership and his management style is participative but firm. Achievements Mr. Henry Lass says his best personal achievement was getting Christine to be his wife and he says she has had the biggest influence in his life. His best professional achievement and biggest ever opportunity was getting appointed as the CE role of a global and diversified engineering and construction group, Murray & Roberts.

Mr. Henry Laas

Henry says prominent businessman and founder of Pallinghurst Resources Brian Gilbertson and Mike Solomon, Executive Director, Member of Finance & Investment Committee and Member of Technical Committee Wesizwe Platinum Ltd. have had the biggest influence on his careers. He would have liked to meet Albert Einstein but he regrets that it is impossible. The business person who has impressed him most is Brian Gilbertson. His favourite read is anything about geography and wildlife. Hi favourite TV Programme is Discovery Channel, Supersport. He likes exploring different food but his favourite drink is cup of coffee in the morning. His favourite music is by Neil Diamond which he says gives away his age. Lass’s favourite sports are Rugby and Cricket. He says his hobby is his work that sees him spending time in the bush. On pets, he likes the Miniature Dachshund, which he says are fantastic. Henry says his favourite drive is the Mercedes and he dislikes people who pretend. His hope for the future is a prosperous South Africa that will present career opportunities to so many unemployed but talented young South Africans. Mr. Henry Laas was born on 25 July 1959. He has been married to Christine for 29 years and they are blessed with two children, Henry and Merieke. Mr. Laas holds a B.Eng (Mining) from the University of Pretoria and an MBA from the University of Witwatersrand. His Philosophy of Life: Work hard and smart but always be consistent and fair.

Murray & Roberts is South Africa’s leading engineering, contracting and construction services company. It operates in Southern Africa, Middle East, Southeast Asia, Australasia and North and South America from its home-base in Johannesburg South Africa, where it has a public listing on the JSE Limited.

July 2012


Building with Precast Concrete The use of precast concrete in construction is now widely regarded as an economic, durable, structurally sound, fire resistant and aesthetically superior form of construction. By Emmanuel Onsomu Precast concrete products are construction products produced by casting concrete in a reusable mold or form, cured in a controlled environment, transported to the construction site and lifted into place. Dissimilarly, standard concrete is poured into site-specific forms and cured on site. Precast concrete products can be said to be of better quality because precast concrete is produced in a controlled environment; it is thus afforded the opportunity to properly cure while being closely monitored by plant employees. Other benefits of utilizing a precast concrete system stem from the fact that the production process for precast concrete is performed on ground level, aiding with safety throughout a project and financially, the forms used in a precast plant may be reused hundreds to thousands of times before they can be replaced, allowing for cost of formwork per unit to be lower than for sitecast production. The use of precast concrete in construction is now widely regarded as an economic, durable, structurally sound, fire resistant and aesthetically superior form of construction. Versatility in Design Sarah Bachmann of the National Precast Concrete Association Australia (NPCAA) tells of new techniques being used by precasters around Australia that are adding value to traditional grey wall panels. She recognises that over the last 10 years the increased availability and application of form liners to create patterns, and stains as a 22

no maintenance 25-year alternative to a painted finish, has provided designers with a vastly increased array of textures and patterns. Adding to this is an extensive list of options in the form of traditional architectural possibilities, such as purpose built moulds, etched, grit (sand) blasted, exposed aggregate, polished and honed finishes are also available, as is integral colouring using pigments. And all of these finishes can be applied in the factory. Essentially one can only be limited by their imagination. Still on the subject of design, NPCAA also puts into perspective that on any total precast structure there are a number of critical design features that have to be addressed at the outset, including ceiling heights, load bearing walls, accommodation of lift boxes and some of the unique façade elements, in particular balconies. Once it is determined that the quality, safety and other requirements around these meet the brief, the design team in conjunction with the precaster is in a position to fine tune. The rest of the design refinement is centred around those issues. The essential requirement for any total precast project is to allow adequate lead time to allow such refinement. Interior design flexibility is provided by long span precast concrete flooring systems that help building owners adapt to changing client needs in future years. Precast flooring systems can span up to 17 metres to minimise the need for interior columns required with in-situ systems. Precast also provides high loading capacity at little added cost. The Green Factor The manufacturing process for precast concrete

uses less energy than comparable components, with less noise and air pollution and debris on site. Otherwise put, concrete is nontoxic, environmentally safe and composed of natural materials. Precast concrete products help to convey water without contributing to poor water quality. In line with this global trend towards environmental preservation is Los Angeles based Artisan Precast, manufacturers of precast concrete fencing and barrier solutions. Artisan applies ecofriendly standards across all production phases, from manufacturing to installation. The result is a line of precast concrete products crafted to meet or exceed green building guidelines. In addition to manufacturing their molds using VOC- and mercury-free polymers, the company’s fence component system is customized for each project to ensure minimal waste at the job site—which in turn helps preserve the landfills and cuts down on dumping costs. Pallets are recycled. Artisan also uses waterbased agents in the manufacturing process. Further color integrated into the concrete mix means the products need no painting or staining, which again avoids VOC release into the environment. The color has a fade rate of less than 2% over 10 years, which means virtually zero painting maintenance.

Read more on this article at

July 2012

List of Collaborators National Precast Concrete Association Australia Sarah Bachmann Email: Website: National Precast Concrete Association America Bob Whitmore NPCA Communication Director Email: Website: Artisan Precast, Inc. Craig S. Lewis Email: Website: Concrete Manufacturers Association David Beer Email: Website:

High Concrete Group LLC Gary Reed E-Mail: Website: Concrete Equipment Jaap van der Westhuizen Humes Wondurack Echo floors Connie Rodrigues-Erasmus Coreslab Jaco de Bruin Quickstepstair Carine Hennig

Leading manufacturer of quality piping systems for water reticulation and conveyance

nothing too heavy, nothing too high

• Tel: 011 861 3800 • Fax: 011 861 3899 • E-mail:

Johannesburg +27 11 345 5600 Setchell Road, Roodekop, Gauteng, South Africa

Member of the Dawn Group

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July 2012 6/14/12 4:52:52 PM

Solar Powered Generators Solar powered generators are an excellent back-up resource when a power grid fails. These noiseless, highly portable units work by storing power in batteries and then supplying the stored power to connected appliances as needed or on demand. Unlike the traditional gas or diesel models, solar powered generators do not require maintenance or refuelling. And while the initial cost of a solar powered generator is higher than a fossil fuel driven type, it will last as much as four times longer. These truly green gadgets have the potential of being a major supplier of energy all over the world; replacing gas generators. The Workings of a Solar Powered Generator Solar energy counts as one of the most promising alternative green energy sources with the sun producing a massive amount of energy that no man made unit can match. Solar power involves the conversion of sunlight into electricity either directly using photovoltaics (PV) or indirectly using concentrated solar power (CSP). CSP systems use lenses or mirrors and tracking systems to focus a large area of sunlight into a small beam. Photovoltaic devices use photovoltaic cells or solar cells to convert solar energy to direct current or DC electricity. Other ways of collecting solar energy include solar panels, parabolic troughs, solar dishes, and solar power towers with reflecting mirrors. Solar powered generators are mostly used to power small appliances such as lamps, radios, or fans but can also be used to heat homes and businesses. They feature three main components namely a solar panel, a deep cycle or continuous battery and an inverter. The solar panel captures the sun’s energy and converts it into electricity. A solar panel commonly consists of interconnected photovoltaic cells made of silicon housed inside of a module or panel. These are normally protected from the elements such as rain by a layer of glass. The solar panel is connected to a battery which stores the electricity it has captured for when sunlight is not available. By design, deep cycle batteries provide a steady stream of current over a period of time and can be drained and recharged 26

multiple times. The deep cycle battery used in a solar powered generator should generally be rated for 12 volts. The energy stored in a battery is DC whereas appliances use alternating current, AC, and so the function of the inverter. An inverter converts the electricity into a usable form by changing it from DC to AC. The amount of usable electricity generated will be limited by the size and efficiency of the solar panel and by the inverter. A More than Worthy Replacement for your Fuel Driven Generator Solar generators have the potential to completely replace gasoline generators. While a solar powered generator generates power all day, storing it in batteries and supplying the stored power to connected appliances as needed, a fuel driven generator must be operating in order to supply any power to connected appliances regardless of whether the power required is minimal or intermittent. In this way, gasoline generators commonly provide power to appliances that consume only a small percentage of the generator’s rated power output, consuming unnecessary fuel. With a solar powered generator, fuel transport and storage logistics are eliminated. These devices are noiseless, produce no fumes and require minimal maintenance unlike their rivals. Once installed, solar panels have a life span of up to 20 years. Even more, a solar panel will produce power even in cloudy or low light conditions, making for a reliable source of power even in remote regions where other power sources may be difficult to

support or prone to failure. Solar generators also have a quick set up time and are highly portable. Despite high initial costs of installation, a solar powered generator will pay for itself after a few years of use, granted the sun comes free of charge. The constant supply of fuel necessary for the smooth functioning of a gasoline generator makes the overall cost of operating this generator much more than the initial purchase price, factoring in the ever increasing cost of fuel. A solar powered generator can be customised for specific uses, whether home or business. Solar Stik™ Founded in 2004, Solar Stik™ Inc. is a leader in the portable renewable power industry. Solar Stik™ manufactures renewable energy power generators, battery storage systems, power management devices, and high efficiency appliances. The system provides reliable power wherever it is needed from construction sites to remote locations. Lightweight, rugged, and extremely portable, the Solar Stik™ was designed for one purpose: to generate useable power. The Solar Stik™ Lite can generate up to 1.0 kW-h of average power per day, while the Solar Stik™ 360 Nano is capable of producing up to 3.0 kW-h. Depending on the environmental locations of planned use, wind turbines can supplement an additional 200 W-h. A solar generator like the Solar Stik™ can generate enough power in a day to support the constant power draw of several appliances operating July 2012

over a 24-hour period. It can also be used in conjunction with existing power sources such as Grid Utility, Portable Power Generators, Fuel Cells and more in a “Micro-Grid” configuration. A Solar Stik™ System operates with any 12 or 24 volt battery bank, or can operate as a stand-alone power source when the Solar Stik™ Power Pak is employed. Additionally, the Solar Stik™ is completely silent and emits no harmful fumes, which enhances its appeal as a power generator. Compared to a gasoline generator, the Solar Stik™ has its operating cost at nil, requires virtually no maintenance, and has a much longer manufacturer’s warranty for power output; up to 25 years depending on the system. Solar Stik™ Systems are also extremely light, portable, and rugged. A Solar Stik™ System can be described as “the proper blend of Power Technologies and Application”. Unlike competing systems, the open architecture of the Solar Stik™ allows for rapid adaptability and expandability. Users can incorporate other technologies into their system from appliances to generators. Setup of the Solar Stik™ System is “plug & play” and can be done by one person in less than five minutes. It can be erected for short or long term operation without concern for weather or environmental impact, making it ideal for use every single day. It can be set up and left to operate all day or all week. A single Solar Stik™ 100 can power applications that use up to one Kilowatt-Hour of power per day. If additional power is required, the Solar Stik™ panel output can be increased to 160 watts, or the Solar Stik™ Breeze can be employed to provide supplemental wind power generation. Additional Solar Stik™ Systems can also be added to meet the demand, or a PRO-Verter™ can be added to the system to allow a traditional fuel-driven power generator to be used as a supplemental source. Solar z20 Israel based Zenith Solar’s 3rd generation 'solar z20' is a revolutionary renewable technology that uses a combined heat and power system which utilizes semi-parabolic optical mirror collectors

to convert solar energy for both electrical and hot water use. Specifically, z20 features two 11m2 collectors, mounted on a dual axis tracker that concentrates incoming solar power onto a receiver. The receiver consists of a multi junction PV coupled to heat exchanger that converts concentrated solar flux into electrical power and thermal power. DC electrical power from the PV cells is converted to AC power and fed to the grid. Thermal energy is pumped through a closed loop system to the various users and applications. This high concentration photovoltaic (HCPV) technology enabled product has a record breaking efficiency of 72%; the highest in the industry in addition to offering the lowest cost per watt and the best potential for energy system cost reduction. And where its ability to pay for itself is concerned, the z20 solar generator provides for the shortest possible return on investment. Other beneficial attributes of the z20 include the fact that it is the only concentrated PV system to triple performance with captured thermal energy, it’s suitability for modular installations, inherent capability for easy upgrade granted the use of multi junction PV solar technology, best space utilization of land area and highest possible prevention of CO2 emissions through clean energy generation. To date the z20 has successfully been installed in Kibbutz Yavne, Israel, providing up to 230 residents with both hot water and electricity. Earlier this year, the company entered into a conditional distribution agreement with Greenearth Solar Energy to introduce the product to the Australian market. Mobile Solar Power System™ For many, using the words “mobile” and “solar” in the same sentence is challenging. Solar goes on rooftops, right? But for those in construction, the military, entertainment, emergency relief and other fields of work, mobile solar makes a whole lot of sense.

Read more on this article at

List of Contributors Pure Power Distribution Christopher Smith VP Marketing & Sales Email: Website: Solar Stik™ Inc Perry Knotts Marketing Specialist Email: Website: Zenith Solar Roy Segev - CEO Email: Website: Solutions From Science Sean Cole Email: Website: Capstone Turbine Corporation Kalyn Clemens Stephill Generators Ltd Gemma Sharpe CaterpillarBob Chase Winco Generators Russ Wood Westerbeke Corporation

July 2012


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Celebrating 30 Dedicated and Illustrious Years Specialist in: Supply, Installation, Maintenance and Servicing of Electrical Systems, Mechanical and Control Systems, Generators, Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Systems, Fire Detection and Alarm Systems, Security and Surveillance Systems and Computer and Telecommunications Systems.

Plot No38, Themi Industrial Area-Njiro Hill, P. O. Box 6010 Arusha, Tanzania Mobile: 255 (754) 379102 255 (754) 260846 255 (767) 210124 E-mail:, Web:

Plot No. 93B Msese Rd/Off Kinondoni Road, P.O. Box 75733, Dar-es-salaam, Tanzania Tel.: 255 (022) 2668486, 255 (022) 2666977, Fax: 255 (022) 2666450 Mobile: 255 (757) 882222, E-mail:






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Registered Mechanical Contractor, Supplier of Construction and Engineering Materials.

Installation Of Filters For Crushers At Twiga Cement Co. Ltd

Specialists in Petro-chemical Plants

Specialists in Petro-chemical Plants

Installation of Filters/retainers at KOJ for Tanzania Ports Authority in 2009

Steel structural works

Rehabilitation of Cement Plants

Cooperative Building, Office 701, Lumumba street P. O. Box 21223, Dar es salaam, Tanzania Office Tel: +255 022 2181486 Mobile: +255 784 615112, +255 786 911390. E-mail:



Milele Apartments Milele Luxury Apartments is a real estate development representing managed furnished and serviced holiday apartments along the Bamburi beach in Mombasa.

The Kenyan Coast is a popular holiday destination. Every year, thousands of foreign and domestic tourists troop to the sandy beaches along the Indian Ocean to enjoy the serenity amid the pamper from hotels and clubs dotted throughout the region. While some prefer to put up in hotels, a growing number of visitors are looking for opportunities to buy or lease apartments that they can use whenever they wish and probably rent out when not in use for long periods.

in the area. Milele Luxury Apartments will be one such development.

Developers have therefore identified this need and are coming up with suitable luxury apartments

The development comprises 60 elegantly designed all en suite luxurious 1, 2 and 3


Introduction Milele Luxury Apartments is a real estate development representing managed furnished and serviced holiday apartments along the Bamburi beach in Mombasa, as part of a preconceived remodeling plan of the existing Milele Beach Hotel.

July 2012



A Good Choice for the Discerning Investor bedroom apartments sitting on one acre. Each apartment will enjoy an unobstructed view of the Indian Ocean. Construction works started in March 2012 and are expected to end in October 2013. The development comprises four blocks of apartments, a conference room, a restaurant and a spa. The spa will have the following amenties: steam, sauna, jaccuzzi, barber shop, salon, aerobics and gymnasium. The facilities will be owned by Milele Beach Hotel.

In addition, the development will have a swimming pool, a waste water treatment plant, a back-up generator, solar panels for water heating and a borehole. The design is open plan, thus giving residents a great view to the beach. Access to the beach will be through Milele Beach Hotel. Inside The Apartments The bedrooms are en suite, spacious, with large wardrobes, adequate natural lighting and

July 2012

Upon completion the apartments will be managed by Milele Beach Hotel on behalf of the apartment owners.



ventilation. The lounge and dining are also large. Each of the apartments has a balcony accessed from the lounge. There is a fully fitted open plan kitchen with a breakfast area. The plinth areas are as follows: 1 bedroom – 86sq.m; 2 bedroom – 117sq.m; 3 bedroom – 160sq.m


Management And Returns Upon completion the apartments will be managed by Milele Beach Hotel on behalf of the apartment owners.

Pinnacle Projects Ltd

This will ensure that the apartment owners have a guaranteed income through out the year. Milele Beach Hotel has a unique niche in the beach hotels segment since it is a Christian non smoking, non alcoholic hotel. As a result, it has a wide clientele from religious organisations, NGOs, institutions among others.

Zpojawo Consulting Engineers

More information including prices and terms of payment may be obtained from Pinnacle Projects Ltd.

Relcon Power Systems Ltd


Allied Plumbers Ltd

Presbyterian Foundation Architect: AD Design Architect Project Managers: Quantity Surveyors: M&M Consultants M&E Engineers: Environmental Consultants: Raz Extra Productions Main Contractor: Lalji Meghji Patel & Co. Ltd Electrical Subcontractor: Plumbing, Drainage and Fire Installations:

Kenya 34

July 2012

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Mandhir Construction Ltd When the African Real Estate & Housing Finance (AREHF) Academy announced earlier this year that Mandhir Construction had emerged the Best Construction Company for Real Estate in Africa during their Excellence Awards held in Nairobi, it came as no major surprise. The Kenyan company has gradually established a name for itself in the sector, having successfully completed numerous commercial and residential development projects in the country. Founded in January 1988 and registered as a General Contractor Category B by the Ministry of Works, Mandhir Construction Limited has since executed projects ranging from residential maisonettes and apartments to hotels, lodges and factories. The company has also undertaken many refurbishment projects.


Personnel The company is headed by an experienced team of technical personnel backed by administrative and support staff who all work in unison to ensure that projects awarded to the company are accomplished within the timeframe stipulated without compromising workmanship. Mr D.M. Ajmera, the Founder, had over 40 years experience in the building and civil engineering sector while Mr Manish Ajmera, a mechanical engineer, has nearly two decades of experience in the same field. Other key personnel include Mr Issac Mutua, a civil engineer who is usually the site manager in charge of building and civil engineering, overseeing construction projects. Mr Mutua also boasts nearly 20 years in the construction industry. Mr Lalji Patel, a technician is another member of the highly experienced team. He has 27 years in the industry. Equipment In order to accomplish projects on time, most contractors prefer to have their own plant and equipment. Mandhir Construction Limited has various machinery, vehicles and tools ready for deployment whenever a project commences. Some of these include dozers, excavators, compressors, concrete mixers, generators, block-making machines and vibrators. Others are winches, welding and drilling equipment, formworks and scaffolding pipes. The company is also equipped with several lorries, pick-ups and a saloon car. In addition, operations in the offices are fully computerized to make work easier and more professional. Some Projects Undertaken As mentioned above, Mandhir Construction Limited has undertaken many projects. Here is a brief look at some of them: 36

Mara Simba Lodge (Phase 2) Mara Simba Lodge is an exclusive tourist getaway in the Maasai Mara. The project involved construction of 42 rooms, extension of the dining area and other works. The contract sum was US$ 1.3 million. The project was undertaken in 1997. Ker & Downey Safaris Headquarters This project was on Langata South Road, Nairobi. It included office block, workshop building and guide bays. The contract was worth US$ 182,000 and was completed in 2000. Exclusive Bungalows for Casabella (K) Ltd This project, consisting of eight executive bungalows featuring built-in hardwood cupboards, granite tiles and other superior finishes, was along General Mathenge Road in Nairobi. Other works here included drilling of a borehole, cabro paving, plumbing and electrical installations. The project value was US$624,000. One Riverside Drive for AMS Properties This prestigious residential development project is on Riverside Drive in Nairobi. It was completed in December 2011. It consisted of luxury three bedroom deluxe and four bedroom duplex apartments with a Miami-theme on a sloping piece of land. It is considered a mix of luxury, beauty, class and environmental sustainability all in one. (see Construction Review May 2012 issue). Refurbishment of Mara Safari Club This is in the Masai Mara game reserve. It involves the addition of 15 new tents, a public area, swimming pool, septic tanks, electrical and plumbing works. The contract sum is US$ 3million. Flats for Focus Developers This project comprising 43 apartments is located along Msanduku Lane in Lavington, Nairobi. The project consists of seven blocks. Each block has five flats except one that has eight. The project includes a swimming pool, changing rooms, gymnasium, sauna and steam bath. The contract is worth US$ 2.2 million. Future The future of Mandhir Construction Company is bright. The firm will continue to live up to the highest expectations in all aspects of its interaction with clients and other players in the construction industry. July 2012



Founded in January 1988 and registered as a General Contractor Category B by the Ministry of Works, Mandhir Construction Limited has since executed projects ranging from residential maisonettes and apartments to hotels, lodges and factories.

July 2012



“To us you are Family�


We congratulate Mandhir Construction Company on their achievement and are proud to be associated with them


Head Office & Nairobi Main Branch Eldama Park Junction of Peponi & Eldama Ravine Road P.O. Box 13400, 00800 Nairobi Tel: 4229000/333 Fax: 2396758 E-mail:






July 2012

Dial *120*886*3# to calculate your cement savings (charges 20c/20 sec)

For more information call our toll-free line on 0800 023 470 or visit

*Yield is at least 15% more using the industry standard mix designs for different strength classes.

PPC Surebuild 42,5 N goes further than regular 32,5 general-purpose cement to give you 15% extra* concrete for your home-building project. For example, instead of using 115 bags of regular 32,5 general-purpose cement you will now only need 98 bags of PPC Surebuild 42,5 N for the same volume of concrete*. This means you can buy less cement or do more on your project. Imagine how much further your vision could go with 15% extra.

TJDR 52811

Botswana 40

July 2012

Home sweet home! Time Projects would like to thank all the consultants and contractors that have made our “greener” home a reality. Thank you


Acacia, Prime Plaza, Plot 54358 CBD, Gaborone, Botswana Tel: (+267) 3956080 Fax: (+267) 390 0160 E-mail: Website:


Proud to have contributed towards the new Prime Plaza Project by supplying and installing aluminum windows

We provide the following services: Aluminum Windows & Doors / Aluminum Curtain Walling / Aluminum Cladding Suspended Ceiling / Rhino Ceiling / Bulk Heads / Dry Wall Partitioning / Kitchens / Sun Louvres / Blinds & Wallpaper


Contact Us: Plot No. 22090, Unit 7, G-West P O Box 403927 Gaborone, Botswana

T: +267 319 0263 / F: +267 319 0264 / C: +267 7278 7027 / E:

July 2012


CONSTRUCTION COMPANY For any enquiries on how we can help you, please contact us at: Tel: +267 391 7366 Fax: +267 391 7388 E-mail:


We are proud to be associated with Time Projects on the new Prime Plaza Development at the CBD. We are the contractor for this outstanding project

July 2012






July 2012

Office Block Complete Many outstanding features have been adopted in its design to achieve this ultimate end. This building employs unique external cladding aesthetics and external lighting which, without a doubt, provides an up-market Gaborone address, as is stipulated in the client’s brief. The concept of a Central Business District (CBD) in many thriving cities dates back to the 17th Century in London at the Exchange (near St. Paul’s Cathedral). It was later mimicked in the United States’ New York two centuries later in the 1800’s. A resurgence of CBDs even recently has been manifested in times of success and economic boom. For instance, London’s CBD evolved at the time when Britain was at the height of its Empire. Since then other nations have developed modern forms of CBDs, with examples from China’s Shanghai World Financial Centre and others like Dubai’ CBD. Botswana is currently embarking on a development of its own version of the CBD at the heart of Gaborone. Though several buildings have already been built and occupied, Gaborone CBD will boast grade A office space when completed as well as entertainment and other businesses, and commercial activities. The CBD’s first building - The Square (Shopping Mall and Office Block) - was a breakthrough which spearheaded further developments as manifest by the emergence of more buildings. Among these is an undeniably magnificent building, the new Exponential Office block, which is the first office block to be seen as one approaches the District from the South. This project started in July 2010 with an Advanced Earthworks contract and was completed in June 2012. It consists of a modern office block with 12000 square meters of lettable area, space to park 285 cars on grade on an 8600 square meter site, in a fully landscaped and surfaced environment. Modern and unique materials were selected in the finishes, such as external metal cladding.

Modern Design & Architectural Brilliance The client’s brief was to create a development that would define the CBD skyline and act as a landmark which stands out from surrounding buildings. Many outstanding features have been adopted in its design to achieve this ultimate end. This building employs unique external cladding aesthetics and external lighting which, without a doubt, provides an up-market Gaborone address, as is stipulated in the client’s brief. Design Philosophy The design philosophy was to assemble a modular floor plan that could accommodate as many as four (4) tenants per floor or one single tenant on a floor, or alternatively any number of tenants in between i.e. maximum flexibility. Site Appraisal This site was easy to work with as it was relatively flat, but with sufficient fall to drain naturally and thereby minimising the earthworks which were required. Challenges The main challenge which was encountered was determining how best to maximise flexibility for a wide scope of tenancy solutions. This problem arose due to the fact that the intended occupants were unknown at the time of design. Despite this, the problem was quickly remedied by a combination of innovation and flexible thought with a competent workforce, which has seen the office block stand out as the most beautiful building (especially at night).

July 2012

Project Team Client GH Group Project Managers Abdulla Associates Architects MDS Architecture Civil & Structural Engineers Abdulla Associates Electrical Engineers IQS Solutions Fire Consultants TDWI International Quantity Surveyor Mmile Mhutsiwa & Associates Main Contractor BJ Builders




P O Box 1235 Gaborone Botswana

Gaborone International Commerce Park Plot 54 Tel: +267 390 9291 Fax: +267 390 9292 E-mail:

Proud Suppliers of Formwork and Scaffolding to the Construction Industry in Botswana


July 2012


Sewa (Pty) Ltd Electrical Installation & Maintenance Contractor

P O Box 117, Gaborone, Botswana Tel/Fax: (267) 393 9644, Cell: (267) 7167 7344 E-mail:



Bidvest Steiner Botswana can Add Value to Your Building Project Bidvest Steiner Botswana, (Steiner Hygiene, SES & Wetrok ) is a one stop solution from start to finish for all building projects. We also provide continual upkeep and maintenance to preserve that “new building” feel. With branches in Gaborone, Francistown and Kasane – we are able to service and support across the country. Our services and expertise stretch from pest control, cleaning systems, hygiene dispensers and services. More than 15 years experience qualifies us to help the builder and construction project designer to stay ahead of the game. We would like to share our experience with the nation, to not only advise, but also create awareness that help is just a call away! We provide Pre- and Post-Construction Termite Prevention: During construction, conditions are often created that are either conducive to termites or may allow them to enter the building undetected. This is where we step in! There are precautions - which we offer - that can be taken to help reduce the likelihood of termite invasion. One such effective step is called Pre-construction anti-termite treatment. It is a scientific process of preventing entry of termites into buildings by creating a chemical barrier in the foundations of the building. Similarly, after construction - but prior to any landscaping - while concreting or paving is being installed, the perimeter of the property must be treated for termites.


Treatment can also be done on existing buildings. Ongoing treatment, of termites and other pests such as rodents are also a vital factor to keep in mind. Before a building is occupied, it is always advisable to consult an

expert to ensure that the building is not already pest inhabited. Our highly skilled experts can identify tell-tale signs of infestation, block off all critter access points and further install preventative methods to ensure that the building and surroundings remain pest-free. Designing and Planning of Washroom Facilities: Hygiene dispensers are usually the last piece of the puzzle when designing washrooms. However, our experience has taught us that this should, in fact, be a key factor in designing the layout, because essential hygiene items often require special consideration in the layout of the facilities. Our consultants can advise the designer, offer a variety of products, to not only suite the style of the washroom, but to also ensure a perfect fit and positioning of all hygiene items. In addition, to ensure that the facilities are always looking their best – Bidvest Steiner offers a rental option. This way the dispensers and equipment are maintained and kept functional. Dust Control: The importance of proper matting should not be underestimated when it comes to dust control and preservation of tiles and carpets in buildings. Cost Advise for Choosing a Contract Cleaner: Wetrok has a long standing reputation for being a world leader in the provision of expert advice and cost estimation for quoting on contract cleaning. We work closely with major cleaning companies in Botswana to advise them on the correct products and equipment to use in order to save time and money as well as to ensure maximum hygiene and surface preservation.

‘Bidvest Steiner- the benchmark in hygienic and cleaning technology’

Our products have been tried and tested....then tested again! It is no surprise that they are:


Easy Tough High Low costs

to use environment

on the


on dirt

on efficiency

Nilfisk – now available in Botswana! The Nilfisk-Advance products range - from vacuum cleaners, small cabled walk-behinds for hard floor cleaning in small areas to large battery-powered ride-ons that clean up to 6,200 m² per hour. In short, products for cleaning everything from light commercial areas to industrial premises They are simple to operate and produce consistently good cleaning results regardless of operator. No matter what your choice: all our Scrubber/Dryers scrub the floor quietly, efficiently and quickly, vacuum up liquid and leave the floor dry, streak-free and spotlessly clean – all in a single pass. Although our Scrubber/Dryers are built to last, they are easy to maintain and service.

The is NO COMPROMISE at Nilfisk!


Botswana For enquiries on how we can help you, please contact us at:

tel: +267 397 5389 e-mail:


July 2012

CHRYSO®Plast Omega Introducing the CHRYSO®Plast Omega range of new generation plasticisers for the readymix concrete market An innovative range of plasticisers - the CHRYSO®Plast Omega range is specifically engineered to assist readymix producers to meet their customers’ precise requirements by enabling them to offer a wide scope of concrete mixes. Using CHRYSO®Plast Omega in readymix concrete offers significant features and benefits including: n a flexible dosage range that allows for the production of cohesive concrete from low to high slump; n predictable and improved strength development at all ages, particularly in mixes containing ggbs and fly ash; n improved concrete rheology over a broad range of aggregates To find out more about the CHRYSO®Plast Omega range please contact CHRYSO, where one of our technical professionals will assist you to ‘Serve your customers with their favourite concrete’. CHRYSO® : we have the solutions to build the future you imagine CHRYSO Southern Africa (Pty) LTD (Head Office - Johannesburg)

T : +27 (0) 11 395 9700

F : +27 (0) 11 397 6644

E :

■ longrine 04 90 14 48 48 - (10111 - 03/09)

Serve your customers with their favourite concrete



DPI Plastics.....................................................21

Sewa (Pty) Ltd.................................................45

ALAF Ltd..........................................................23

GIRO Commercial Bank................................ 36

Ramin Holdings...............................................44

Alpha Aluminium Ltd........................................36

Hi- Tech Granite Industries Ltd........................36

Red East Construction Co. ............................41

Allied Plumber.................................................30

IDEAL Manufacturing Co. Ltd..........................35


A. SHAK..........................................................22

Iron Planet.......................................................33

Turner & Townsend.........................................15

Atlas Copco.....................................................26

Jessop & Associates (pty) ltd..........................22

Tech Hard Building Materials LLC.....................1

Bidvest Steiners...............................................46

Kaluworks Ltd..................................................14

Time Project....................................................39

China Truck (T) Ltd........................................IBC

Lalji Meghji Patel & Co. Ltd.............................32

Tirupati Kenya Ltd...........................................35


Mollel Electrical Contractors Ltd......................28

Tononoka Steel...............................................35

Construction Review Tender Alert...................48

Noise Boys......................................................45


DM Group ...................................................OBC



To advertise with us: Send Email to or contact your nearest agency for more information.



a 23rd Anniversary Edition J April 2012, Vol 23 No.3


Mining Brief

Journal of the Agricultural Industry in Africa April - May, 2012 Vol. 17 No. 1

March - April 2012, Volume 6 No. 2

Avocado exports from Kenya

In this issue... Sheikh Zayed Bridge Abu Dhabi Sanitaryware Choosing & sourcing The Hornbill Kenya Ponte City South Africa Symbion Uganda

Inside: Kolomela mine Comes on stream

Filtration Systems Emerging trends

Modular Housing Speed and durability

Crushing & Conveying Selecting a conveyor belt

Construction tenders from all over Africa are just a click away

Plus: UCDA’s Guidance on the Coffee Twig Borer (CTB)

To Subscribe, Logon to:

Tel: 011 463 3554 – Fax: 086 216 0644 – Email: Unit 101–Block H Knightsbridge Manor–33 Sloane Street–Bryanston • PostNet Suite 301–Private Bag X75–Bryanston–2021


ISO 14001

BUREAU VERITAS Certification





National Semi-Arid Resources Research Institute Leveraging Mobile Money in Agri-Finance

Kshs 300. Ushs 7,500. Tshs 4,500.




CHINA TRUCK ( T ) LTD Plot No.96 Mandela Road, Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania P.O. Box 23198 Tel: 00255 757126420 E-mail: Website:

CHINA TRUCK (T) LTD mainly sell SINOTUCK HOWO series, which include: various tipper trucks, tractor trucks, semi-trailers,cargo trucks, concrete mixer trucks, bulk cement tankers, water tankers, fuel tankers, fire fighting trucks, other specialized vehicles, machinery, bus, pick-ups etc, and their spare parts. CHINA TRUCK (T) LTD has exported nearly 3000 units heavy duty trucks to Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, Mozambique, D. R. Congo and other countries. Further, we provide good technical services and sufficient spare parts efficiently to our overseas customers.


Kenya 52

July 2012