UEA’s Student Newspaper
Issue 293 • Free • Tuesday 11 February
The Sex Issue
Editor-in-chief | Sidonie ChafferMelly email@example.com Deputy Editor | Sophie Witts firstname.lastname@example.org Online Editor | Billy Sexton email@example.com Deputy Online Editor | Amelia
Marchington firstname.lastname@example.org News | Andrew Ansell & Lara-Jayne Ellice email@example.com Comment | Zoë Jones firstname.lastname@example.org Global | Ella Gilbert email@example.com Features | Bridie Wilkinson firstname.lastname@example.org Environment | Peter Sheehan email@example.com Science & Tech | Dominic Burchnall firstname.lastname@example.org Travel | Niyonu Agana-Burke email@example.com Lifestyle | Lydia Clifton firstname.lastname@example.org Sport | Charlie Savage & Will Medlock email@example.com Copy Editors | Stephenie Naulls & Anna Walker firstname.lastname@example.org Chief Photographers | Jacob Roberts-Kendall, Will Cockram & Jonathan Alomoto email@example.com Distribution Manager | Steph Gover
News | Rob Drury, Elliot Folan, Andrew Ansell, Daniel Falvey, Emily Rivers, Lara Ellice, Ellie Green Comment | Geraldine Scott, Eve Lacriox, Joel Taylor, Zoe Jones, Joe Jamson, Harry Mason Global | Hannah Fillier, Ella Gilbert Features | David Humfrey, Sara Boughen Environment | Jacob Beese, Marta Cataland, Amelia Frizell-Armitage Science & Tech | Dominic Burchnall, Ian Roberts Travel | Isaac Kean, Lucy Morris, Alice Cachia Lifestyle | Georgie Ellis, Lydia Clifton, Beth Ryan, Lucy Morris, beth Saward, Emily Fedorowycz Sport | Moji Adegbile, Will Medlock, Jack Lusby, George Harmer, Kelly York, Elizabeth Leddy, Charlie Savage Proofreaders | Lucy Mayhew, Calyssa Erb, Anna Farqulaarson, Ella Sharp, Chris Freeman, Eugene Ararski, Molly Pearson, Ella Morris, Rebecca Hedger, Charlotte Standeg, Jennifer Johnson, Steph Naulls, Anna Walker
Thanks to Will Cockram for taking our cover photo and to Sophie Pischedda George Smith for modelling!
Editor’s column The Sex Issue is here! This issue is always so much fun, and we have had loads of laughs in the office reading the more creative sexual fantasies. You can find all the results on page 12 - 13, along with some of the best answers that were submimtted. Alongside the Survey we’ve got some sexy content to get you in the mood. With Valentine’s Day just around the corner there’s some romantic recipies in Lifestyle to bag you the perfect date, while Environment looks at the unexpected impact
that condoms have on nature. Speaking of condoms, make sure you look out around campus for our very own Concrete branded condoms! This issue also takes a look at the darker side of sex, with Global and Travel both looking at the impact of sex trafficking. Sex is fun and talking about it is important. Stay safe, get consent and have a good time. Sidonie Chaffer-Melly Editor-in-Chief
Hayden Helps... Sex Issue Special Dear Hayden, Do you think it is ever acceptable to have sex with someone in the LCR? Short answer: no. You’ll almost certainly get caught and ain’t nobody got time for an indecent exposure lawsuit. Plus the LCR floors are sticky enough... However, if, in a moment of drunken stupour you decide that it might be a good idea to sow your wild oats to the sound of Pitbull’s ‘Timber’, make sure it’s consensual. Bonus points for using one of our promotional Concrete condoms. Dear Hayden, I like to spank my lover with old issues of Concrete. We’d both like to know how you feel about this. Honestly, I’m just glad to hear that you’re being environmentally friendly. Biodegradable kink is so in this season, so well done. Might I suggest making sure Venue is still inside your copy of Concrete next time though? The thicker the better.
Dear Hayden, Ever since Union Council’s renovation under the #whatif? campaign, I’ve begun to develop a fetish for our Union Officers. Now I can’t look up at the full-time officers faces on the Hive walls without feeling all hot and heavy. I’m at my wit’s end, what do I do? While I would ordinarily endorse any kind of awareness of your Union, you might want to think about curbing your keen-ness just a tad. When voting opens for the new positions on 24 February, you may want to escape the campus bubble for a good week or two. You’ve been warned. It’s been real, it’s been cute, but it’s not been real cute,
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UCAS figures show Vice Chancellor slams rise in university Coalition’s stance on immigration applications Daniel Falvey & Andrew Ansell News Reporter & News Editor
The number of applications to study in Higher Education in the United Kingdom increased by 4% compared to last year, figures released by UCAS reveal. The increase saw 5% of 18 year olds from England applying through UCAS to study on Higher Education courses. The statistics also show that the number of females applying to university is significantly higher than males. The gender divide in education is an increasing issue. This year, statistics provided by UCAS highlighted that 87,000 more women than men applied to study at a Higher Education level, averaging two female applicants for every male applicant. Mary Curnock Cook OBE, Chief Executive of UCAS, said: “Young men are becoming a disadvantaged group in terms of going to university and this underperformance needs urgent focus across the education sector.” The data released by the organising body also indicated that the gender gap is particularly wide among lower income households. Ms. Cook said that “on current trends, [the gender divide was so extreme that it] could eclipse the gap between rich and poor within a decade.” The university think tank Million+ welcomed the rise in applications, which shows that younger students from more disadvantaged backgrounds are nearly twice as likely to apply to university than a decade ago.
Pam Tatlow, Chief Executive of Million+ said: “Rising applications from those from more disadvantaged backgrounds is good news for the economy and will deliver lifetransforming opportunities for thousands of young people. However, there is still a long way to go to close the participation gap, significant regional variations and a growing gender divide, so this is not a ‘job done’.” Speaking to Concrete in November, the Business Secretary Vince Cable justifed the government’s raise of the tuitons fees cap partly on the basis that there had been no adverse affect on applicant numbers. In response to a Freedom of Information request made by Concrete, the University of East Anglia has refused to disclose the number of applications the University has received from prospective students seeking to study at UEA in September 2014. The University believe that as UEA will not finish recruiting in the current cycle until the start of the next academic year, the release of “incomplete information” could unwittingly deter applicants. Britannica.com A spokesperson for the University revealed that undergraduate applications for the academic year beginning in September 2013 were down on the previous year. This was claimed to be the result of higher entry requirements for a number of courses. Despite this, those accepted to study at UEA for the current academic year exceeded plans as a result Photo: Bill Smith of “high calibre” students choosing UEA through clearing.
EDP Emily Rivers News Reporter UEA’s Vice-Chancellor, Professor Edward Acton, has warned that UEA’s British students will suffer if the government’s rhetoric on immigration sees the number of international students studying at the university fall. Figures released last month showed the first decline in the number of nonEU international students studying in British universities. Professor Acton claimed that “the Home Office is stabbing us in the back” at a time when Britain should be trying to protect its market share because of other countries increasing their efforts to attract overseas students. Professor Acton, who chairs a task force on student visas for Universities UK, said that international students are part of UEA’s main business and, if their numbers decline, the quality of what UEA can offer could go down. He said: “If there is a decline, it would be very negative for home students. It would mean that unit prices would tend to go up, and there’s no country in the world where international students are currently a higher proportion than in Britain.” However he denied that universities use overseas students, who pay up to £14,000 a year to study at UEA, as a ‘cash cow’. It was said that the higher costs of recruiting and supporting them reduced
the financial advantage. UEA’s ViceChancellor cited research that shows that for every ten international students, six British jobs are supported, which suggests that UEA’s 3,000 international students support 2,000 local jobs. He added: “It is extremely good for the University. It means the culture is much more stimulating for home students. On the whole, British students are pretty cautious about going abroad. Another way of them becoming conscious of how rapidly the world is changing is for them to meet people from other countries.” Concrete recently reported that Sir James Bevan, the British High
“Professor Acton claimed that ‘the Home Office is stabbing us in the back’” Commissioner to India had said that Britain has set “no limit” on the amount of foreign students that can come to its universities, in a bid to encourage more international students to study in the United Kingdom. Both Sir Bevan and Prof Acton have stressed how Home Secretary Theresa May’s policies are damaging international students’ perceptions of studying in the UK, and how there have been suggestions that foreign student numbers should not be included in immigration numbers due to their £6 billion economic value.
UEA students High blood pressure protest against loan has epidemic potential, sell off UEA research finds Rob Drury News Reporter A scientist from UEA is warning of a greater potential global threat from high blood pressure than previously thought. Along with professionals from the London School of Hygiene and
“Governmental responses to hypertension are worse than how AIDS was treated in the nineties”
Elliot Folan News Reporter UEA students protested against the sell off of student debt last Thursday 6th January, urging local MPs and UEA management to oppose the privatisation of the student loan book. The proposal, announced by Chancellor George Osborne in last year’s Autumn Statement, would see the loans of students who studied in the 1990s sold to private debt collection companies. Carrying red boxes above their heads to symbolise “the burden of debt”, the students rallied in the LCR and then marched to the Registry, chanting their demands for free education and a publicly owned student loan book. The protest culminated in the Square with a mock auction of student loans. Rosie Rawle, Communications Officer at the Union of UEA Students, said, “This protest does not mean that we accept tuition fee rises, nor are we trying to make the best out of a done deal. “Education is a public good, and should not be managed as a commodity. The urgency, however, of a bad deal becoming worse, means we must take action now. Our end goal is free education.” Norwich South’s Liberal Democrat MP, Simon Wright, has not signed an Early Day Motion condemning
the policy. Mr Wright told Concrete that he “has sought reassurances from Ministers that borrowers will be protected”, and said that “the Government has ruled out changing the terms of interest rates for existing student loans, even if they transfer to private ownership”. He added: “One of the conditions set ensures that borrowers whose loans are sold are not in a worse position than they would have been had the loans not been sold”. Speaking to Concrete in November
“Norwich South Liberal Democrat MP, Simon Wright, has not signed an Early Day Motion condemning the policy” the Business Secretary, Vince Cable, called the loan sell off “a perfectly sensible thing to do”. Student campaigners, however, were not comforted by Mr Wright’s assurances, pointing out that any pledge ruling out a change in interest rate terms was not legally binding and interest rates could easily be raised by a future government. A UEA spokesperson said: “We will be working with and through Universities UK, in their discussions with ministers, to ensure that current funding proposals, including the sale of assets, are a sustainable basis for the development of the sector.”
Tropical Medicine, Professor Peter Lloyd-Sherlock from UEA’s School of International Development has stated that governmental responses to hypertension are worse than how AIDS was treated in the nineties. Writing with a sense of urgency, the group discuss in the International Journal of Epidemiology how the current
global procedures for the treatment of hypertension were, worryingly, “too little too late”, asking “Can we not wake up earlier this time, before millions have died?” A contributing factor to the lack of action on the matter has been said to be the fact that hypertension is a noncommunicable disease, aggravated by bad diet and little amounts of physical activity. Such a situation is not appealing to the public who fund scientific research, the group have discovered. While noting the disease is indeed non-communicative, the associated behaviours of poor diet and exercise are proving to be infectious. Similarly, social consequences have been discussed as factors increasing cases of hypertension, with the research finding “as with HIV, hypertension can be both a cause and a consequence of poverty.”
University boosted by E.U funding Andrew Ansell News Editor A £2m research initiative from the European Research Council (ERC) will fund a project by the University of East Anglia that will predict how the Artic will cope with global warming. During the five year project the construction of a sea ice chamber, using state-of-the-art computer models, will reproduce the chemical exchanges between the ocean, sea ice, snow and the atmosphere in the polar regions. Lead researcher Prof Roland von Glasow from UEA’s Centre for Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences at the School of Environmental Sciences, said: “We will focus on the links between melting sea ice and snow, and the changing chemistry of the troposphere - the lowest
10km of atmosphere. This is important because the troposphere is home to concentrations of greenhouse gases and aerosol particles which play key roles for our climate. “By constructing a unique sea ice chamber in the laboratory we will be able to understand more about the chemical exchanges taking place. This will eventually allow us to make better predictions about the effect of global warming on both the arctic and the rest of the world.” The ERC, which receives thousands of proposals for funding, aims to produce scientific excellence in Europe. European Commissioner for Research, Innovation and Science Máire Geoghegan-Quinn said: “These researchers are doing ground-breaking work that will advance our knowledge and make a difference to society.”
Early human footprints Around Norfolk discovered on the Norfolk coast Jane Hedges becomes first female Dean of Norwich It has been announced that Reverend Canon Jane Hedges is the new Dean of Norwich. She is the first female Dean in the Cathedral’s 900 year history. Reverend Hedges will be installed as the Dean of Norwich at a special service at Norwich Cathedral later this year. Reverend Hedges commented on the announcement: “My move will be both exciting and challenging. I am particularly looking forward to working with Bishop Graham and his senior staff team, and getting to know Chapter colleagues and the community at the Cathedral as we explore together how to take forward its ministry within the Diocese in imaginative ways. “My family and I are looking forward to getting to know people throughout the Diocese and to exploring the beautiful countryside and coast of East Anglia and to welcoming people to our home in the Deanery.”
Government announce King’s Lynn will receive £1m of flood money Floodgates in King’s Lynn will be refurbished, thanks to a £1m project by the Environment Agency. The project is one of 42 that will see 67 floodgates rebuilt in order to protect 447 properties. Area manager for the Environment Agency. Julie Foley was delighted with the announcement that money was available for the project due to the expense of clearup and repair as a result of the floods. Communities secretary Eric Pickles has announced that the government has provided an extra £130m to maintain flood defences before next winter.
Lara Ellice News Reporter Scientists have found the earliest human footprints outside of Africa in Happisburgh on the Norfolk coast. The 800,000 year old footprints are evidence of the earliest Northern European humans. Dr Nick Ashton of the British Museum has described the footprints as: “One of the most important discoveries, if not the most important discovery that has been made on [Britain’s] shores.” Dr Ashton further stressed the
importance of the findings on human history, saying: “It will rewrite our understanding of the early human occupation of Britain and indeed of Europe.” Dr Ashton, recalling the discovery, stated that he and a colleague found hollows on the beach which clearly resembled human footprints. Soon after the discovery the footprints were washed away by rain and waves, but Dr Ashton and his team were able to capture them on video. The film will be shown at the Natural History Museum later this month. The 3D scans taken of the footprints
enabled Dr Isabelle De Groote of Liverpool John Moores University to confirm that the footprints belonged to five people: one adult and four children. Professor Chris Stringer, Merit Researcher at the Natural History Museum, also commented on the finding: “This discovery gives us even more concrete evidence that there were people there. We can now start to look at a group of people and their everyday activities. If we keep looking, we will find even more evidence of them, hopefully even human fossils. That would be my dream.” The findings have been published in the science journal Plos One.
Facebook reluctant to act on ‘NekNominate’ drinking craze Ellie Green News Reporter Facebook has refused to ban ‘NekNomination’ videos after the craze has been held responsible for the deaths of two young people. Jonny Byrne, 19, and Ross Cummins, 22, are the first victims of the viral ‘NekNomination’ drinking game sweeping social media sites. The game involves posting a video online in which participants down a pint of alcohol and then nominate another person to do so within the next 24 hours. Facebook users have supported Irish Minister Pat Rabbitte in calling for a ban on ‘NekNomination’ links and videos on the site. However, Facebook have refused, stating that the posts do not violate their user agreement. The game may sound like just another form of alcohol fuelled student fun, but it has
proved to have fatal consequences. Jonny Byrne died after jumping into the River Barrow as part of his nomination, while Ross Cummins was found unconscious in a house in Dublin and died in hospital shortly afterwards. A spokesperson for Facebook said that they aim to be a platform where people can freely share content, as long as it is not directly harmful. However, binge drinking is a recognised form of self-harm, with 1,220,300 hospital admissions related to alcohol consumption in 2011/2012 in England alone. Exceeding eight units is reported as binge drinking, and ‘NekNomination’ encourages nominees to go far beyond these limits. An anonymous Facebook user reported a ‘NekNomination’ page for self-harm issues, but received a notification that the page would not be removed. Although a Facebook ban would help bring an end to this dangerous game, Rabbitte stated that the young people
taking part have to take responsibility for falling for the “stupid ruse”. Drinking games are no novelty, but ‘NekNomination’ has highlighted the irresponsible attitude some young people have towards alcohol. Patrick Byrne, brother of Jonny, is using social media to combat the spread of the game. By changing his Facebook username to ‘Stop NekNomination Before it’s too Late’ and actively tweeting against ‘NekNomination’ he hopes more lives will not be lost to alcohol and peer pressure. Fionnuala Sheehan of Mature Enjoyment of Alcohol in Society warned of the dangers of consuming large amounts of alcohol very quickly. She said: “The consequences of consuming so much alcohol in a short period of time can range from alcohol poisoning to even unconsciousness.” Ms Sheehan added: “It can also lead to a loss of control which can lead to a person making themselves vulnerable to danger or getting into dangerous situations.”
The Mask You Live In
Zoe Jones Comment Editor @3oeJones
go through those pages quite intently. Having said this, there’s more to what makes a man - or a woman for that matter - than how accurately they match up to society’s expectations of masculine and feminine. Men have particularly intimidating ideologies instilled into their cultural makeup. From a young age we passively absorb traits and qualities that as a male or female we are expected to have. Girls like pink; boys like blue. Boys play with Action Man; girls play
To be masculine is a concept that can, and should, be interpreted in a number of ways. Although that might seem like a fairly idealistic and probably quite loose notion, the trending movement The Mask You Live In really encourages us to reflect on what it means to be masculine. If you were to search ‘define: masculine’, the result would be “to have qualities or appearances traditionally associated with men”. Synonyms include powerful, red-blooded and vigorous. In images, there’s page after page of built, muscular and oiled up men; and one did
with Barbie dolls, arguably there is some biological truth why boys enjoy toy cars and girls like dolls, but cultural emphasis on certain expectations can result in sinister outcomes. Hypermasculinity is often born out of this assumption of ‘how to be a man’. When boys are told to ‘man up’ their whole life, a phrase we’re all too familiar with, they’d be forgiven for believing that they have to suppress their emotions in order to fulfil that instruction. Emotional
YouTube: The Representation Project
repression is dangerous, whether you’re a man or a woman – aggression and depression is often a result. The suicide rate in men is three to five times higher than it is in women, and that’s a concern worth exploring. Isolating yourself and refusing to express
“People should not be ordered by how society expects them to behave” your emotion in fear that it lessens how masculine you are is wrong and people should not be ordered by how society expects them to behave. Your worth as a human being is not measured in how fast you can neck a pint. To cry is not weak. Misogyny is not an admirable quality. Whether you’re brave, smart, resilient, resourceful; whether you like baking, or sports, and maybe occasionally shed a tear at Coronation Street – that does not make you any more or less of a man or woman. Your characteristics should not be accredited to a cultural label; you’ve earned those qualities for yourself.
The sex ambition Who’s your daddy? This brings up a serious issue, is sex ingrained in young adult life? In so much as, do we think that we need
“Is sex ingrained in young adult life?” Joe Jameson Comment Writer @CommissarJ It is a truth universally acknowledged that a UEA student must want to complete the Five Ls. Putting my literary crimes aside, the Five Ls are something which should perhaps be addressed. For those who are unaware, the Five Ls are the five locations on campus that, if you’re a ‘proper’ UEA student, you must have sex - the Lake, the Library, the LCR, the Lecture theatre and, worryingly, the Launderette.
“Are the Five L’s a myth?” Are the Five Ls a myth? A thing of legend, designed to instil awe and, maybe, reverence into the unknowing fresher? What is for sure is that they are bloody ridiculous. If at any point you feel as though you’re missing out because you’re lacking one of the Five Ls, you may need to rethink your priorities.
to have sex because it’s something that ‘young people do’? Although I doubt that anyone is going to be jealous of a friend bragging about their progress through the Five Ls, is there the chance that bragging about them might cause some to worry that they’re not enjoying student life? This seems highly unlikely. I mean, who in their right mind is going to brag about getting lucky in the laundrette, for crying out loud? If they are truly something you aspire to, then good luck to you! The issue that is of more importance here is the possibility of social pressures, such as these, skewing the perception of the importance of sex in young adult social lives. It is both less important and more important than one might first believe; despite what certain areas of the media claim, sex is not the only thing that people our age get up to. At the same time, it is very important, as it is not something to be considered lightly. Sex is very emotional and intimate. What is ultimately vital is that you are comfortable wherever, and with whomever, you have sex.
Harry Mason Comment Writer @HarryMason19 Accepted wisdom states that if something is the subject of a Vince Vaughn movie, it must be a weighty topic worthy of serious discussion. So without further ado, let’s discuss sperm donation! Students are known for going to extreme lengths to earn an extra buck – those Mufasa costumes for the LCR Disney night don’t come cheap – but is selling your own DNA a step too far? As Mark Ruffalo testifies in The Kids Are All Right, it’s easier than giving blood. And compared to our egg-donating friends of the fairer sex, it’s an easy, non-invasive and - depending on your stamina quick process. Consider it getting paid for something you’d probably be doing anyway, with the bonus that you can see your swimmers being frozen all science fiction-style before stomping out in a stupor of virility, beating your chest and thumping your club on the ground as you shout, “I am man! I make child!” Sounds great, no? But steady on, because it doesn’t just stop there – there’s the small matter of producing another human life to consider, too. As of 2005 donors can waive anonymity, giving potential children the option of
tracking their papas down. And as Mark Ruffalo would also testify, that can open up a whole new can of worms. For some, not knowing their father leaves a great sense of emptiness (although, speaking as an East Midlander, unless you get a Jeremy Kyle paternity test then having no idea about your father’s identity is basically standard). What would you think if your little ‘deposit’ came back someday as a grown adult wanting to be a part of your life? Donating sperm clearly isn’t the ‘get in, get out’ one-off job that selling a kidney on the black market is. Then again, providing the love juice doesn’t automatically make you a parent, and no matter how curious you might be about what became of your donation, there’s every chance that any possible offspring will consider you their father on a strictly biological basis alone. Although donors are rarely used to create more than two families – meaning you’re unlikely to become a real-life ‘delivery man’ – sperm donation is something that can have long-lasting and unexpected repercussions, and should not be undertaken lightly. That said, any man willing to help childless couples - even if his motives are purely financial - should surely be commended. And, you know, with rent day fast approaching, sometimes needs must…
Payback porn problems
Eve Lacroix Comment Writer Hunter Moore, kingpin of the revenge porn website IsAnyoneUp.com, was arrested on 23 January by the FBI for “conspiracy, seven counts of unauthorised access to a protected computer to obtain information and seven counts of aggravated identity theft.” The website encouraged men and women to send naked pictures of exlovers without their consent, to publicly discredit them. Considering the pictures were sent knowingly, they were thus considered the property of the receiver. The arrest comes as a sigh of relief for many men and women all over the world, for despite his high profile, Moore has avoided arrest until now because laws do not clearly state his
Joel Taylor Comment Writer Super Bowl advertisements; at $4 million for 30 seconds it’s almost possible to justify the hype that surrounds them each year. Whether artistically spectacular, creative and clever or simply funny; whether kept under wraps until the big night or teased relentlessly in the preceding weeks, there’s always a large degree of anticipation to see what will fill the premium spots. Last year, however, GoDaddy caused a stir for seemingly the wrong reasons. The website design company’s advert spawned an anti-sexist social networking campaign by the organisation ‘MissRepresentation’ to call out sexist adverts with the hashtag #notbuyingit. On first viewing, the GoDaddy advert seems fairly innocuous. A model-esque woman sits next to an overweight, nerdilydressed manchild with a laptop. They kiss. For a long time. The camera zooms in to nothing but their intertwined mouths. This, explains the advert, represents the GoDaddy hybrid which combines sexylooking websites with excellent technical capabilities and support. The advert is a lot of things. It’s weird. It’s eyewateringly weird. Maybe it’s offensive to IT professionals. One thing it simply isn’t, however, is sexist. It isn’t hard, watching it, to predict that so-called ‘Social Justice Warriors’ would pounce on it, but when all it does is describe a sexy woman as sexy and show her kissing a
practices were illegal. Following an FBI investigation and subsequent lawsuits, the site was closed down in 2012, only for Moore to open huntermoore.tv which included, once again, photos published without the subjects permission, as well as directions to the houses of the victims. Revenge porn is a breach of privacy and can be very harmful to victims’ reputation, causing them to lose jobs and credibility. It is also a painful form of betrayal if the sharer was someone they once loved and trusted. Writing for the Guardian, Annmarie Chiarini explained how she had been a victim of revenge porn by her exboyfriend, and wrote of her “shame and embarrassment” when faced with “victim-blaming.” She was shocked US laws could do nothing to protect her, and suffered post-traumatic-stresssyndrome.
Double standards are highly prevalent in the case of nude pictures. It is easy to list off the top of one’s head a whole list of celebrity leaked picture scandals concerning women, such as Scarlett Johansson. Yet men’s photos are brushed off as funny or silly and receive very little backlash, such as Jamie Foxx and Pete Wentz of Fall Out Boy, who
both laughingly took the incidents in their stride. Although it can be a fun way to show
a special someone you’re feeling frisky or to keep the flame alive during time apart, it is a very dangerous practice. Trusting the receiver is very important, and it is essential to remember that nothing dies on the internet, even if you’ve deleted it. Many pictures have come from hacked webcams, phones, or computers. With the teenage and university age demographics being notably adept at the sexting trend, we have another worry to add to our list. Not only must we think about preventing pregnancies and STDs, but also monitoring privacy and security. Small things you can do are cover up your webcam when it’s not in use, and put passwords on your phone and laptop. Make sure you delete your photos once they are sent and ask the receiver to do the same after viewing. Just think twice before you send that photo, it’s too cold to get naked anyway.
not-so-sexy man; it’s hard to justify their outcry. They pick the low hanging fruit nearly any advert that shows an attractive woman - and missappropriate it to their cause, ignoring the fact that just as many adverts, if not more, use similarly unrealistically attractive men in their marketing. Unfortunately, they are missing the wood for the trees. The force most damaging to women is, simply, themselves. Their self image. Fear. Just look at the eating disorders blamed on runway models being skinny. The makeup adverts making girls feel ugly if they don’t
cake themselves before leaving the house. Girly magazines! Christ, Cosmo does more damage to girls and young women in one issue than any Super Bowl advert; “Not putting out for your boyfriend? You’re 13 now, he’ll just dump you! Oh you ARE putting out? Well okay, but your technique is probably bad and he’ll dump you anyway. Try rubbing Tobasco on your downstairs to really spice things up #YOLO.” Recently the same celebrity bikini photo was printed in a ‘lad rag’ and a ‘girly’ mag. For the boys? “Phwoar, hot celeb shows off her curves!” For the girls?
“10 worst celeb bikini bodies!” Which one is more damaging? The problem is that in essence Social Justice Warriors, a lot of feminists and a lot of men’s rights activists are going out of their way to be offended. A Lynx advert showing hot women flocking to the scent isn’t objectifying women, just as a Diet Coke advert showing women tricking a man into stripping off his shirt to reveal his chiseled torso isn’t objectifying men. The word sexism is used too liberally and it devalues the label to lash out at innocuous things like this. Personally, this writer’s #notbuyingit.
Let’s talk about sex, baby
Geraldine Scott Comment Writer @Geri_E_L_Scott Let’s talk about sex. No, not in the awkward way your parents did with strange metaphors and terrifying diagrams, but in the sense that it’s never what you imagined. That’s partly because before you had seen any real person naked in a sexual setting, you had probably seen some form of pornography. In fact it was found last year by the then new adult website, Paint b Bottle, that porn websites rack up more visitors each month than Netflix, Amazon and Twitter combined. On the whole there is no problem with that, but there are massive differences between the scripted settings of XXX and genuine experiences. Welcome to the world of lube, awkwardness and the essential after-sex wee. Let’s be honest here, the very wellendowed star could be licking the bottom of a girls’ little toe and she would be
writhing in pleasure. Now girls are just as into sex as guys are, but it takes a little more than this suggests to get things going. In the world of porn there is no foreplay; going from zero to full penetration is the only way to go. There is no body hair. None. At all. Unless your search terms are more specific. Sadly real people have jobs to go to, bills to pay and food to buy so they can’t spend all day shaving every inch of their skin to resemble the smoothness of a bowling ball. It’s just so theatrical! Nobody likes to swallow so much that they would rather have that in the morning than a coffee. Nobody is ever 100% sure that what they are doing is working, or getting anywhere. For sure, nobody is overly pleased about seeing a huge penis without the slight twinge of dread. The most unrealistic portrayal of sex in porn, however, are the noises (or lack of). Whilst your average clip will not be short of fulfilled moans, grunts and dirty talk, what it will miss is the giggling, the weird noises that the human body makes and the swearing when you bang your head on the headboard for the fifth time. Whilst most people may know to take porn with a pinch of salt, as a bit of fun, it’s crucial that it is kept that way and not used as a tool to educate about sex and relationships. Now that is cleared up, back to Pornhu- I mean Twitter!
Sex trafficking - modern slavery
Hannah Fillier Global Writer Freedom is highly valued in today’s society, and a right which the majority of us are able to enjoy. Although the days of slavery are seemingly long behind us since its abolition during the 19th century, slavery in the form of human trafficking is still widespread across the world. Trafficking involves being bought, sold and transported against your will, often including the use or threat of violence, and is the world’s fastest growing global crime. It is thought that at least 30 million people are currently in slavery today, and the International Labour Organisation (ILO) estimates that 1.2 million children are trafficked globally each year. Although a large proportion of trafficking is for labour
purposes, sexual trafficking is what usually hits the headlines, and is disturbingly common. In 2012, 61% of all cases identified in the UK were for sexual exploitation, and 28% of cases involving children were for the same purpose. Figures suggest that 80% of those trafficked into the sex trade are women, and that 50% are under 18. Add to that the thought that 70% of women trafficked are sold into the sex industry, and it is enough to make your stomach turn. The industry is valued at a shocking $32bn, trading in rape, abuse and exploitation of some of the most vulnerable people in the world. For the majority of us, our understanding of sex trafficking comes from films such as Taken, which highlight the horrendous nature of the crime and its consequences. However, we can often think of it as a phenomenon which only exists in big
budget films, or as being confined to areas of Eastern Europe. However, discoveries of sex trafficking happening in the UK demonstrate that this is not the case. The National Referral Mechanism, a framework set up in 2009 by the UK government to help victims of trafficking, analysed the top ten countries of origin of minors passing through their system, and found that the UK was fourth on the list. Sex trafficking is happening in this country, in this county, in this city, and has even been found happening on campus. In September 2010, a Channel 4 Documentary The Hunt for Britain’s Sex Traffickers revealed that in 2008 a student living in halls of residence at Colman House had been arrested and accused of sex trafficking. This is not just an issue which affects people living thousands of miles away – this could be happening to someone
on your street. But this doesn’t mean there is no hope. Instead the proximity of this issue means that it is easy to get involved in helping the people affected by this crime. The Stop the Traffik society at UEA was founded in 2010 by a committed group of students, and has achieved a lot in this time: raising awareness on campus, providing stickers with information to taxi drivers who may unknowingly transport people being trafficked and holding a conference for over 100 local people to inform them of how they can get involved and spot the signs. This term the society is planning to host a screening of Taken combined with a short talk from the CEO of Stop the Traffik. For more information on this, or to get involved in the society follow @ UEAStopTraffik on Twitter or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
Sex: the universal taboo Ella Gilbert Global Editor Sex is a taboo across the world, and was until very recently a significant taboo in the UK. The 1960s and the Summer of Love began to change peoples’ perceptions of sex and sexuality, but our Victorian, prudish sensibility still holds out in some places today. Despite the atmosphere of the heady love-laden days of the 60s, sex was off the mainstream agenda until the end of the second wave of feminism in the 1980s, and even then, it was a radical conversation topic. But, like cheese hedgehogs and aspic, most people now seem happy to leave sexual taboos in the 1970s, where they belong. Older people are embracing sexuality outside of traditional institutions like marriage, statistics show, with a 2011 study exhibiting the lowest numbers ever of over 85s who believe sex outside of marriage to be ‘living in sin.’ The departure from sexual taboos in the UK is partly to do with increasing secularism. Modern taboos about sex are associated with religion in places,such as the Philippines, Nigeria, and Egypt. Regardless of which religion we are talking about, it seems that wherever faith is strong, sex outside of structures like heterosexual marriage is considered wrong. Sexual encounters between young couples must be kept under wraps in the Middle East, and you have to be particularly clandestine if you are homosexual. A rise in the number of ‘temporary marriages,’ which are not
state-sanctioned and can last for short periods of time, attests to changing attitudes and a desire for more sexual freedom. Sexual frustration as a result of continued suppression of men and womens’ sexuality leads to aggression – an Egyptian journalist, Ali al-Gundi, was arrested and threatened with a beating for having an unopened condom in his pocket when driving home with his girlfriend late at night. Alongside trends of modernisation and/or Westernisation in the Middle East, there are also trends of conservatism. Many women are opting to cover themselves more fully in public, sometimes in response to increasingly overtly sexualised Western trends and imports, further exacerbating the cultural divide between men and women. Gundi says “oppression brings out perversion in people,” alluding to men’s fear of the “feelings women provoke” in the absence of acceptable interaction. It may be true that all this sexual tension leads to violence – many young men cannot afford to get married, after all, and it is often young male police officers that will arrest couples for suspected sexual activity. Homosexuality is even more taboo than sex alone in many countries. In the Philippines, gay men have to posit themselves as camp caricatures, acting up to stereotypes in order to be accepted in society. Their sexuality itself, however, is not discussed; to contemplate the idea of gay sex is anathema in such a Catholic country, where only six months ago a bill proposing sex education and reproductive health awareness
Photo: Giovanni Dall’Orto was shouted down by the church. It is something that tears many religious homosexuals apart – it can be hard to reconcile one’s faith with one’s sexuality in cultures where religion is very traditional and conservative, whether it’s Christianity, Islam or anything else. The issue is especially poignant with the opening of the Sochi Winter Olympics on Friday and amidst a sustained campaign to highlight the homophobia of the Putin administration, as featured in last week’s edition. Religion and sexuality are not mutually exclusive – indeed, even conservative clerics accept the notion of pleasurable sex within marriage, and there have always been periods of relative religious liberalism – it is all up to interpretation. Perhaps the progressive trends shown in recent years – the legalisation of gay marriage, increased debate about the rights of women over their bodies, abortion and sexual abuse, will continue to shape our perceptions of the ultimate taboo, in the UK and across the world.
• • •
Women and girls make up 98% of those trafficked into the sex industry. 600,000 to 800,000 people are trafficked across borders each year. Children and teenagers who get a proper sex education are 50% less likely to have an unwanted pregnancy than those who recieve abstinence only or contraception only education. 65% of LGBT+ secondary school age teenagers in the US are sexually or verbally harassed because of their sexuality. Almost half of all conceptions to under-18s in the UK in 2011 led to an abortion. The record-holder for having the most children is a Moroccan emperor, who supposedly sired 342 daughters and 525 sons: that’s a lot of sex!
Why we watch porn
David Humfrey looks at the attraction of the ’fantasy’ of pornography, and what this says about its viewers. Our primary desire is happiness. Sex, success, money – we desire these things because we believe that they are synonymous with, or accompany, happiness. We may set ourselves grand ambitions – I want to be a writer, I want to be a musician, I want to be a movie star – but still we cannot separate these ambitions from what they signify. Consumerism works on the same premise: the false belief that if only I had this one thing, that shirt, that car, that computer, my life would be complete. It works on the illusion that life, like a game, can be completed. Life is something that, through making the right choices, solving our problems, and acquiring the right possessions, we can perfect. We believe that there is a limit; true happiness is attainable
“Porn works because it is a fantasy”
it is a fantasy. A fantasy world in which the viewer can witness what life would be like if the limit to sexual enjoyment really could be extended indefinitely. The women are always willing, orgasms flourish every twenty seconds, and there is no world outside – nothing else matters but the enjoyment and happiness of the individual. But it also depicts fantasy and, paradoxically, reality, which is the problem people have with porn, how can this be so? Well, first of all, you have ‘Amateur Porn’: videos made by anyone and everyone. These can be uploaded with or without consent – a woman (it is typically women) can take a naked photo of herself, send to her boyfriend, and, following their break-up, find the image online. This heightens the reality of porn, primarily because it is not staged and, one assumes, the people in it are not being paid. This adds a
and will come when we reach it. Porn, I believe, works on a different premise. Much like women’s magazines – such as Cosmopolitan and Glamour, which every issue offer new sex tips and tricks to enhance one’s sexual enjoyment – porn works on the premise that sexual satisfaction can never be achieved. There is always something you can try that will enhance your experience, and this process goes on indefinitely. On a basic level, porn works because
dangerous layer of reality to the fantasy that all women are secretly up for it. Secondly, and this works both in ‘Amateur’ and ‘Professional’ porn, what the viewer watches is, essentially, reality. Of course, these people may not be enjoying it, they may be getting paid to do it, and they may be taking long breaks between shots, but the reality is that they are doing it. Take away the details and what you are left with is the reality that this woman in this video is doing what you are watching and wanting her to do. The camera never lies. Although you acknowledge the surroundings and the context to be fictional, within that fictional context you glimpse the reality: people out there do do these things – they must, after all you are watching them do it. When the principal character, in Joseph Gordon-Levitt’s film, Don Jon, tells us, “real pussy’s all good, but I’m
sorry, it’s not as good as porn”, we understand what he means. Why? Because porn, far from being simply a substitute for sex, is an entirely different thing altogether. Sex serves an entirely different role in porn than it does in real life. It sounds obvious, but it’s not. That’s why, as in Don Jon, you often find that people who are in relationships watch porn. Not because it’s necessarily ‘better’, but because it’s an entirely different experience. The brilliance of porn lies in the fact that it is the perfect fantasy through which the viewer can glimpse just the right amount of reality – we know it’s not real, but that doesn’t completely take away from the hope that it could be. And what is it that we want to be real? The way they have sex? No. Porn portrays a world in which sex is everything – the apex of happiness. It is a utopia in which even the most mundane acts – ordering a pizza, going to class, working in an office – provide the possible basis for euphoric enjoyment that goes beyond humanly pleasure as we know it – a world in which nothing else matters. In the world of porn, it isn’t just the opposite gender that always want sex, but you as well. Your multiple, oftenconflicting real-world desires become one manageable, renewable desire that can consistently be fulfilled. Sex isn’t just sex – it’s an act through which we can be truly happy. Sex is everything.
Let’s talk about sex
Sex still seems to be considered a taboo by our society. Features writer Sarah Boughen looks at the dangerous effects this has upon our culture. Sex and relationships are complex, daunting and confusing, but in today’s society there is no reason why they should be anything but fun, exciting and thrilling. Yet it seems that sex and sexuality remain a major taboo in our so-called open-minded society, despite the constant bombarding of sexualised imagery and attitudes which surround us. Sex and sexuality are something that we all explore and experience in some way in our lifetimes, so isn’t it time we just talked about it? Recently, the House of Lords rejected the notion of compulsory, age-appropriate sex education in all state funded schools. The bill, supported by Baroness Jones, planned to educate young people of all ages not only in the mechanics of sex, but on other issues including same-sex relationships, friendships, and the importance of consent in addition to issues surrounding sexual violence. In our present society, it seems quite remarkable that such a bill does not already exist. However, in late January this bill was rejected 209 to 142. Sex and relationship education is
vital to helping young people develop healthy relationships in later life. With nowhere left to turn - perhaps for fear of embarrassment - there is a certain trend for young people to turn to online pornography as a type of sex education. Online porn undoubtedly creates unrealistic expectations of a young person’s future sexual relationships, possibly making the sexual learning experience even more complex and confusing. Baroness Kidron highlighted that young people who are searching for answers to their sex-related questions often find themselves in “a world of non-consensual sexual violence.” It is this point which highlights the importance of open conversations about sex and sexuality away from judgement and released from taboos. It is surely better for young people
to learn about sex and relationships through conversation than overly glamorised movies and unrealistic porn. It can be understood that such teachings should not necessarily come from a school environment, rather from parents and family members. Conservative peer Baroness Eaton expressed worry about the quality of the teaching of sexual education in schools. This is a valid concern. Undoubtedly, the best way to approach the subject is in a relaxed and honest manner, and it may be hard to picture many of your old school teachers being able to do this. However, many young people are not exposed to healthy, open and loving relationships, and would truly benefit from being shown alternative attitudes to these matters. There is a growing movement to encourage sex positivity amongst all of us. Perhaps most notably, Laci Green, the avid Youtube sensation, regularly publishes videos in her Sex+ series. In her videos Laci puts an end to those scary myths about the happenings of losing your virginity, expresses how great sex can be - as long as you do it right, she’s
an advocate of lube - and helps create realistic expectations of what sex is. She speaks frankly and casually about matters which are often surrounded by shame and embarrassment and makes them accessible to everyone, something which she should be commended for. Not only does Laci provide tips on how to have good sex - her best tip being simply to talk to your partner about what you like - but she also attempts to lift the stigma attached to women’s sexual behaviour by highlighting how the general rhetoric around sex is in place to oppress women. It is difficult to comprehend how even today, sex remains a taboo in so many aspects of life, particularly in policy making. It is time we were rid of the aftermath of Victorian attitudes to sex. Perhaps it can be suggested that as our generation will one day make these policies, these attitudes may soon evolve. Overall, the answer to creating sex positive attitudes is simply to talk about it. Sex is not something to be embarrassed or ashamed about, it is a part of life to be enjoyed and should be openly discussed and embraced.
Under 13- 2.22%
Male- 44.21 %
Threesome? Yes- 9.61%
Sexual Partners at UEA
No- 89.54% Unsure- 0.86%
Had sex in a public place?
4-6- 20.68 %
Have you had sex?
Health andWellbeing Had unprotected sex?
Concrete Sex Survey 2014 Sexual Habits
How many minutes does Taken part in role play? sex last? Yes- 23.46% Less than 5- 2.58%
What is most important in a partner?
More than 60- 3.10%
Have a one night stand?
Similar Interests- 44.06% Sexual Compatability- 28.52%
The 5 L’s
We’re all familiar with the romantic status of UEA’s 5 L’s. But despite their hype, 82.33% of you have yet to experience a passionate tryst at any of them. Of those that have, it popular. The library came second, the LCR in third, the lecture theatres fourth and the laundrette arriving last, as the least enticing location of them all.
Political persuasion- 3.11%
Potential Future- 13.53%
Passion of the Christ
Religious Beliefs- 2.74%
“A bible themed pun erotica: “Behold
my forbidden fruit!” “feel my burning
Friends or family- 28.73%
Comfortable around friends/family-
bush” “let me nail you to the cross! Get
Struggled with performance?
Medical centre- 52.06%
Union or UEA advice centres- 2.15%
NHS or GUM clinc- 35.73%
Feel increased pressure No- 12.22% to have sex since coming Unsure- 1.55% to university? If so, how often?
Feel comfortable talking about sex?
Cheating We’re quite a morally pure bunch
23.46% of you have taken part in role play. Princess Leia, Captain America,
here at UEA, with 82.63% of us
school pupil and teacher and doctor/
believing it is never acceptable to
nurse were among the most popular
cheat on a partner. Those of the
9.32% that do say it’s only ok if “your partner is a dickhead,” and punnily, “to win the card game Cheat”
was the UEA Lake that proved most
Where would you go for information?
Sweet, sweet sexual fantasies... The Iron Lady “Friday 2nd April 1982. I’m Denis
reading for the second COMING!””
Thatcher, she’s Margaret; I walk into the emergency room at Downing
Straight to the point
Street, she is alone, she’s just declared war on the Falklands I tell her that
Rarely (e.g once a month)- 15.03%
Very comfortable- 47.91%
Ever had an STI?
Occasionally (e.g once a week)-
Fairly comfortable 44.65%
community in general won’t like that.
She say’s she doesn’t care. We make
Had sex under the influence?
Have you had anal sex?
Combined pill- 42.75%
Other people’s sex lives impact your university life?
Frequently (e.g twice a week)- 32.87%
the Argentines and the wider political
passionate love for hours.”
Progestogen-only pill- 11.11%
Contraceptive injection- 1.88%
Contraceptive patch- 0.75%
Given oral sex?
The coil- 3.77%
How important is sex in romantic relationships?
Feel confident with your naked body?
Very confident- 16.58%
“A threesome with Stephen Hawking
Human papyloma virus- 25.49%
Very important- 49.54%
Fairly confident- 57.01%
and Kim Kardashian. Narrated by
Dental Dam- 0.75%
Fairly important- 44.24%
Not confident 25.14%
Public lice- 13.73%
Not important- 4.20%
Recieved oral sex?
Difficulty obtaining contraception or sexual health appointments from UEA services?
Do confidence issues ever affect your sex life?
Very important- 23.72%
Own any sex toys?
Fairly important- 56.75%
Not important- 17.15%
Yeast infections- 37.25%
How important is sex in your life overall?
#NoFilter Morgan Freeman.”
Lord of the Rings “I do want to be Gandalf sometime in the future though. The White Wizard sounds like a porn name when you think about it...”
The condom conundrum
Jacob Beebe Environment Writer You might not think it, but contraceptives have a detrimental effect on nature, whether it be an influx of hormones into the environment, or the build-up of physical detritus. And so, with a stiff sense of British awkwardness, environment asks: what is the environmental impact of contraception? The contraceptive pill contributes to a significant environmental issue. Key ingredients include progestin and oestrogen. These can be transferred to the water supplies once nature has run its course. There are many subsequent problems that arise when compounds such as ethinyloestrogen, become present in water courses. It has been suggested that they affect the endocrine systems of humans and fish; they are often known as endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs). EDCs may also affect natural hormonal messaging within organisms. For example, in fish they disrupt normal physiology, affect bone formation, and can even lead to the “feminisation” of males. In turn, this could cause behavioural or physiological changes, precipitating a population decrease. In humans, excess oestrogen has been connected to some cancers. However – just in case you are considering ditching the pills in order to save the fish – studies have shown that other sources contribute a much higher percentage of EDCs than the pill. As for condoms, they tend to be as environmentally friendly as they are
Marta Catalano Environment Writer
Flickr: wader visually appealing. The issue with these curious and frankly rather amusing little entities lies within their chemical composition. Many are produced from latex – that is, from tree rubber – and are therefore biodegradable. Despite this, the stabilisers and preservatives “I said no!” Pope Emeritus Benedict XVI: antediluvian reactionary or eco-visionary? Photo: Peter Sheehan
used with the latex often prevent natural decomposition. The problem worsens with contraceptives formed from polymers such as polyurethane or synthetic rubber. As with other plastics, they do not biodegrade. Instead, they lie in landfill and can cause significant respiratory issues for wildlife – they are, quite literally hard to swallow… What developments can we expect
to see in the future? Different filtration methods can be tested to minimise disruptive hormone influx in water supplies. But beyond this, efforts to improve contraception’s poor environmental record have not yet hit the spot. A somewhat misguided grant from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation to develop “better” condoms appeared to completely disregard environmental considerations. And some rather gruesome research has looked at waste bovine tendons as a potential source for naturally biodegradable collagen lattices that might serve as a substitute for latex or polymers. But that may well turn out to be a case of “thanks but no thanks”. The social, economic and health benefits of contraception vastly outweigh the negative environmental issues that it causes. So for the time being it seems that, though sex can be safe for us, it is bad for the environment.
Drug trafficking hastens the destruction of the rainforest Amelia Frizell-Armitage Environment Writer Global rates of deforestation are at a record high. Although forest still covers around 30% of the planet’s surface, current estimates predict that the world’s rainforests could completely disappear within the next 100 years. A growing body of evidence is now indicating that, amongst many other factors, drug trafficking could be contributing significantly to the deforestation of Central America. Since 2006, a crackdown on drugs in Mexico has forced Drug Trafficking Organisations (DTOs) into Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. These countries, with thinly populated areas and corrupt governments, are particularly attractive to both growers and traffickers of cocaine and marijuana.
Has climate change paused? The oceans provide the answer
A sharp rise in extensive forest loss in these regions between 2007 and 2011 has coincided with increased drugs flow. Evidence to show a causal relationship between deforestation and DTO activity is thin, partly due to dangers associated with research, and partly because records of DTOs’ illegal activities remain classified. Despite this, recent studies have identified various key mechanisms to explain the relationship. DTOs bring large amounts of violence to an area, causing governments to look the other way, rendering areas unsafe for conservationists, and displacing indigenous populations. This enables roads and landing strips to be carved out of the forest to aid drug transport. In addition, pre-existing landowners such as oil palm growers and timber traffickers become involved with DTOs, benefitting through monetary gain, and allowing them to expand their activities further
into the forest. The DTOs themselves can get involved in agriculture in order to mask their illegal activities. The result is never-ending conversion of forest to agriculture. The introduction of tighter drug eradication policies compounds these problems as both growers and DTOs move into more remote regions to avoid crackdowns. The remoteness of these areas goes hand in hand with ecological sensitivity, and the environmental effects of their destruction can be substantial. It is clear then, that drug policy is in fact conservation policy. Interdisciplinary research is required to quantify the extent of the correlation between deforestation and drug trafficking. Solid evidence can be used to inform policy makers. What is more, well thought out drug policy reforms are required to help reduce pressures on remaining areas of rainforest.
The oceans continue to accumulate the heat, while the myth that global warming stopped in 1998 carries on gaining popularity among the public. This claim, which was recently supported by Georgia Tech climate scientist Judith Curry, fails to take into consideration that the land surface and the atmosphere are only a small fraction of the Earth’s climate. The entire planet is accumulating heat, including the oceans. According to data gathered by the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the oceans are one of the most important indicators of global warming as they store about 90% of the additional heat trapped by greenhouse gases. The atmosphere can only store about 2%, because it doesn’t have enough heat capacity. The UN report on climate change published on 31 January, reported that “concentrations of CO 2, CH4, and N2O now substantially exceed the highest
H2OCHSFCFCs 4 6C F N20 2 6 Carbon dioxide is not the only greenhouse gas...
concentrations recorded in ice cores during the past 800,000 years”. This results in continuous heat accumulation in the oceans. A 2014 study by Kevin Trenberth, a renowned scientist who was a lead author of two IPCC assessments, shows that, unlike the atmosphere, the oceans continue to warm at a fast rate, and that this is consistent with the global energy imbalance observed by satellites. Further analysis of NOAA’s data reveals that over the last 30 years this continuous accumulation of heat energy has been equivalent to that released by detonating 4.5 Hiroshima atomic bombs every second. Previous climatic transitions have been natural, but the evidence clearly shows that the current changes are not. Nor are they likely to abate. While some scientists try to find supporting evidence for global warming having paused, the so-called “slowdown” applies only to the surface of our planet. The oceans, meanwhile, continue to warm apace, with potentially devastating effects for rising sea level, marine ecosystems, and the global climate.
Science & Tech
A very distinct perfume
Dominic Burchnall Science Editor. Some show it with a love song. Others may show it with a wedding ring. But in lemur lovers, the strength of their union is marked by the similarity of their smells. Scientists at Duke University, North Carolina, studied the behaviour of six pairs of Coquerel’s sifakas before, during and after they mated. They also looked at the chemical makeup of the sifakas’ scent marks – the sticky goo that both sexes dab on their surroundings when courting. Before reproducing, sifakas spend a lot of their time leaving these scents on tree branches, while also investigating their partners’ scents. After mating, their scents become more similar to each other. “It’s like singing a duet,” said Christine Drea, who led the study, “but with smells instead of sounds.” Coquerel’s sifakas are one of many
endangered lemur species found only in Madagascar. The behaviour of lemurs – particularly that of social species – has been the subject of many studies, in part owing to their female-dominant social structure, which is rare among primates. As well as starting to smell like their
“It’s like singing a duet with smells instead of sounds” partners, lemur pairs begin to mirror each other’s marking behaviour as they become familiar with one another. “When one member of a pair started sniffing and scent-marking more often, their mate did too,” said Lydia Greene, who collected the data. She and Drea describe this as a “getting-to-know-you mechanism during the period of bond formation.” Greene thinks scent marking may also
be a way for the males to work out when it’s time to mate. She said: “If two animals have never reproduced, the male doesn't necessarily know what the female smells like when she's in heat, because they've never gone through this before.” Interestingly, although the similarity of partners’ scent profiles is a good measure of their strength as a reproducing couple, the length of their time living together before mating has no effect on their scent similarity or later reproductive success. The next step will be to look at how sifakas’ chemical signals compare with those of some other lemurs where social behaviour has evolved independently. This could help determine the purpose of these chemical messages. One possibility is that they advertise couples’ bonds, much like in some bird pairs, where vocal signals become similar. “[They could be saying] we’re a thing,” suggests Greene. “We’ve bonded. Don’t mess with us.”
Astronaut apparel Reach out and touch Ian Roberts Science Writer Having been dormant for decades, it seems the space race is heating up once again. Only this time shooting for the moon is regarded as a tad unambitious. The competition this time is to see which of the government backed space agencies or private companies will be the first to put a person on Mars. While a lot of attention has been afforded to those competing to put a human being on the Red Planet, others have been focusing their efforts on ensuring those first pioneers will survive the next giant leap for mankind. Compared to the near vacuum found on the moon, suits allowing perambulation on the Martian surface will need to withstand much harsher conditions. According to readings from satellites orbiting the red planet, those venturing out onto the surface away from the safety of a base will need to be wary of temperature extremes as low as -150 ˚C, as well as 125 mph dust storms. To this end, Dr Gernot Groomer has designed and built the Aouda:X, a 45 kilo survival suit which takes inspiration from medieval armour plating. As well as the protection needed to allow survival in the barren Martian expanses, the suit also incorporates a staggering array of computers and biometric sensors, which monitor the wearers’ power reserve, communication systems, air supply and other life support, as well as allowing for eating and drinking in the confines of the helmet. There is also planned to be a VI assistant
to help give explorers a heads up on any vital information, such as distance to a predestined location, or the remaining levels of oxygen or battery life left before a return to base is required. Dr Groomer will have to push his designs nearly as hard as the Martian expedition will have to push themselves, as he is part of a “spacesuit race”; other teams of designers and engineers are fabricating their own designs for the next generation of space suits, such as the NDX-2 from NASA, and MIT’s Biosuit. Read more about these on the Concrete website:www.concrete-online.co.uk.
Dominic Burchnall Science Editor Up until very recently, for those who have had to endure the loss of a limb the best alternatives available have been facsimiles, which are perceived as a poor substitute for the real thing. This measures in strange contrast to science fiction, where those with artificial limbs are usually depicted as being stronger, faster, or more durable than their organic counterparts. Now, however, the gap between fantasy and reality may be about to be breached. A collaboration between the EPFL (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology) in Switzerland and the SSSA (Sant’Anna School of Advanced Studies) in Pisa. Italy has produced one of the first bionic hands. What makes this hand so special compared to other prosthetics is that, rather than just sitting in place over the end of the wrist and being controlled by muscle contractions in the upper arm, as many current models are, the LifeHand 2 actually connects to the nerve endings which remain in the subjects arm, allowing a computer algorithm to translate the electrical potential impulses from the nerves into mechanical movement. The LifeHand 2 builds on the
technology of its’ predecessor, LifeHand, which used similar technology to become the first thought controlled prosthetic ever. What makes LifeHand 2 so remarkable however, is that it doesn’t juat allow the nerves to send signals to the mechanical fingers; it allows the fingers to send signals back.Each fingertip is coated with pressure sensitive nodes which feed back to four separate electrodes implanted in the median and ulnar nerves. A reverse version of the computer program which allows the nerves to send signals to the hand then transmits the feel of what the hand is touching to the brain, allowing the sensation of touch to be restored. The first man to test this was Dennis Aabo Sørenson, a Danish man who lost his left hand in a fireworks accident nine years previous. It took three weeks to implant the sensory electrodes into Sørenson’s long defunct nerves, and to ensure they were still operating correctly and were unaffected by scar tissue forming around the implants. Due to regulations however, he was only allowed to use the hand for a month before effectively undergoing a second amputation, though the attending scientists are confident the electrodes could remain in place for years without degrading. The work now will be to refine this technology until Dennis Sørenson can get his hand back for good.
Credit: Brad Plummer, SLAC Photo Credit: Aouda.X universetoday.com
Photo Credit: LifeHand 2 Credit: SpaceX
Sun, sex and Malia
Alice Cachia Travel Writer If you’re looking for a fun, relatively cheap clubbing holiday with friends, then Malia is definitely the perfect location. With the clubbing strip only 180 metres away from central hotels and apartments, you have no excuse but to go hard or go home! At around £350 for flights and accommodation for a week, Malia is one of the cheaper options for 18-30s clubbing holidays, and one that needs to be experienced. If you go for one such deal, then almost everything is taken care of. You’ll have a brief coach ride to the main apartments, upon arrival, and a dedicated resident advisor always on hand. The journey is easily spiced up with a game of ‘Never Have I Ever’ and what better way to get the sexual atmosphere going, and find out who likes what. You’ll find accommodation reasonably clean and comfortable, although you won’t be spending much of your time in your room unless you’ve got company! On the first night out, it’s a good idea to familiarise yourself with the clubbing
strip so you know where you’re going when you’re stumbling home at stupid o’clock every night. Whilst it’s always nice to stumble upon the undiscovered, on this kind of holiday you need to hit the hotspots. In Malia you’ve got three main clubs on the strip that you’d be crazy not to check out during your trip: Bar One, Club Safari and Club Reflex. With poles on the tables and free alcohol from the bar staff if you’re brave enough to dance on the counters; Bar One is small but vibrant. Club Safari is opposite; one of the largest clubs with famous DJs, such as Calvin Harris having played there. The music generally what’s current on the charts and you’ll get all the big holiday groups in here so it is perfect for pairing off members of your group with the opposite sex. Club Reflex is definitely not to be missed! With 80s music including songs from Grease, alcohol will fuel your dance moves. Here you can get a Sex on the Beach and three shots for just five Euros so it is definitely worth visiting! The sexual talent in Malia is varied and the ratio of men to women is pretty much even so if you do want fun, then you have plenty of
choice. The ‘walk of shame’ the next day does not need to be so shameful when you can see at least ten other people also walking home, but get ready to nurse the hangover from hell. During the day, explore the quaint villages as you soak up the sun. The idyllic scenery and exotic flowers will show you a different side to Malia that is equally captivating, with friendly local
residents who will tell you which parts of Malia are worth seeing. Additionally, trips to waterparks can be arranged for a fairly cheap price so make sure you have enough money to get the most out of your holiday. Going abroad with a group of friends is definitely the best way to spend a week of your summer, so bring your cameras along and prepare yourself for a week of sun, sex, and Malia!
Top five unique and steamy hostels the opportunity of joining the Mile High Club. Hi Ottowa Jail – Canada For the deviant traveller, there is this jail hostel. Its rooms may be behind bars, but the hostel boasts its own underground bar ‘Mugshots’: a welcoming watering
“...supposedly haunted, with the three people who were hanged there as prisoners...”
Alice Cachia Travel Writer For students, hostels are a knight in shining armour when travelling. They provide cheap rooms with amazing locations, and the chance to mingle with other hostel-goers. Here are Concrete’s favourite five hostels from around the world that offer a unique, steamy and sociable stay.
Jumbo Stay – Sweden A grounded Boeing 747 212B plane provides a unique hostel experience. Rooms start at £42 a night for the cheapest, and their best room will set you back the sky high price of £190 a night. That luxury comprises a stay in the pilots cockpit with panoramic views and even an en suite. This renovated plane has been transformed from economy class cabins to minimal modern bedrooms. Whilst the prices may be a bit extravagant for the student backpacker, the hostel does boast
hole for like-minded criminals to meet. A night in a cell at this prison will cost a mere £32 a night, rather than a scar on your criminal record, and will be far more comfortable than the real thing. The hostel is supposedly haunted, with the three people who were hanged there as prisoners roaming the place of a night. Providing the real-life scary movie experience, it is a good choice for the unconventional couple. The Rising Cock – Portugal Set on the party scene in Portugal, this hostel has sex as its namesake. Nominated in 2011 as the 3rd best party hostel in the world, it will not disappoint. For £27 a
night, The Rising Cock will give you free breakfast, free Wifi and a 5 min walk to the beach. The hostel unashamedly plays on the party sex scene, with the website describing how ‘The Rising Cock was erected’. Wombats – Germany This party hostel in Berlin boasts a great social scene. For its cheapest room, travellers are looking at around £16 a night, which is remarkably low. Rarely is there sighted here a traveller over 25, as is reflected in the party scene in this hostel. The bar is sleek and stylish and travellers often dress up to the nines to experience it. Reviewers say that ‘if you don’t meet anyone here, then you won’t meet anyone anywhere’. A Beary Good Hostel – Singapore Rather than the previous steamy hostels, this one is a regression to the much longer slumbers of childhood. For a stay in a hostel covered with teddy-bears, travellers are looking at a very affordable £13 a night. With its central location in Singapore, what it lacks in its steaminess it more than makes up for with its comfort and locality.
Amsterdam: Two sides to the sex trade
Sex, drugs and commercialisation Isaac Kean Travel Writer It’s easy to feel lost in the big city. That’s the thing that makes thinking of Norwich as a proper city difficult, no matter where you are you never quite manage to feel lost. Maybe it’s the quaint, middle-class, traditional, atmosphere or maybe it’s the un-ironic self-proclamation as ‘a fine city’ upon your entry. It could even just be the fact there aren’t any prostitutes tapping at you from behind fluorescent red glass doors. It’s not just the endless cobbled streets and winding canals that make Amsterdam such an easy place to get lost; you could have a map, a compass, an iPhone, two sherpas and a licensed tour guide, and you still wouldn’t be blamed for not really knowing where you are. Although, that could just be the drugs. Probably the best way to describe walking along the alleyways of the city’s infamous red light district is like some dystopian future where sex is a service no different to getting a haircut. Parents lead their children by the hand past glowing windows with a distinctly continental ‘no big deal’ attitude. We bemoan the objectification of women in our society, but this is surely something else entirely. When half-naked women shine out on either flank as you stroll down a dark and narrow street, parading their bodies and trying to usher you in with a not-sosubtle rattling of the door, it’s not difficult to view them as a product – a commodity available for a couple of hundred Euros. Defenders will tell you that the legalisation and regulation of prostitution
has a positive effect, decreases human trafficking and limits the excesses of the sex trade. This may very well be the case, there’s no denying that it makes it easier to keep watch over the dark aspects of prostitution. Nonetheless, there’s something inescapably odd about reducing this to a business. There are no niceties involved, no upstairs lounge fit for comfort. Just a quick glimpse through the glass reveals a small room containing nothing more than a mattress, a sink and a curtain she pulls across the see-through door so the public can’t watch; that’s a separate service entirely. The commercialisation of sex and drugs is probably one of Amsterdam’s most striking attributes. Bulldog, the ‘Wetherspoons’ of coffee shops, sells you factory produced pre-rolled joints in cardboard packs of four with a little logo on the front and ‘Bulldog’ written down the side of each one in green writing. It’s surreal, but in some ways this consumerist approach can be comforting. Not having a clue how to roll or how to straighten out when you’ve smoked it too fast - orange juice, incidentally - isn’t met with ridicule but with understanding and advice, these people want to sell you this stuff and laughing at people who don’t know the difference between hash and skunk doesn’t make a sale. This isn’t a city to ‘find yourself’, it’s one to lose yourself, but with such an immersive culture, that’s not such an awful thing.
Life behind the red tinted glass Lucy Morris Travel Writer The average Amsterdam ‘window girl’ works 8-11 hour shifts, renting out her ‘window’ for €150 Euro’s per half-day and charging an average of €fifty Euro’s per twenty minute session. Strolling through Amsterdam’s De Wallen Rossebuurt, just ten minutes south of the city’s central railway station and a world away from the country’s more understated charms, the prostitutes plying their trade from the window-fronts of the quaint, Medievalstyle houses are illuminated by that famous rosy glow. Policemen stroll past, and white underwear glares under the blacklight – while the occasional harsh, blue light, shining out incongruously amongst the streets full of red, indicates the presence of male and transgender sex workers. It’s certainly a striking sight – and to many Britons, a rather unnerving one. But how does Amsterdam’s system of legalized prostitution actually work? And what are the benefits, other than the obvious? Legalised prostitution is a relatively recent phenomenon in Amsterdam. A ban on brothels in place since the 19th century was only lifted in 2000, and since then the industry has been regulated via a licensing system. Window prostitution, brothels, ‘private houses’ and escort services through agencies are all legal – if they have a licence. Owners and operators of prostitution businesses also require a licence and the police carry out regular checks to ensure they comply with the regulations. The most important rules are that women may not be forced to work as prostitutes; that they must be of legal age; and a legal resident of the European Union. The licensing system has increased the girls’ safety and brought about a sharp reduction in illegal practices and the exploitation of children. Prostitutes now work in secured surroundings with cameras angled in front of every window, and police patrol the area. In these
brothels, there is a ‘panic alarm’ available at the press of a button. Clean linen and towels are provided, and legal prostitutes have access to unlimited free STD checks, as well as social services and assistance. Legalisation, however, has proven insufficient to bring a complete halt to all abuses in the sex trade. Women continue to be exploited through forced prostitution and human trafficking, with many of the worst offenders simply moving their operation underground into unlicensed brothels. Organised crime is also a problem – one 2005 report concluded that a large number of legal prostitutes in Amsterdam were being abused and forced to work by pimps and criminal gangs, and that the goals of legalization were failing. Amsterdam, however, has recently introduced measures to combat these failings. In July 2013, the minimum legal age for prostitutes was raised to 21, brothel windows were required to close between 06:00am and 08:00am, and window operators were required to draft a business plan setting out how they ensure good working conditions for the prostitutes. Healthcare services have also been expanded to include escorts and prostitutes who visit private homes – a further step to protect those behind the ‘red curtain’. Those curious to visit the district and see exactly how Amsterdam’s sex trade works, without hiring a prostitute, are also in luck. A new, educational prostitution museum named “Red Light Secrets” has opened on the Oudezijds Achterburgwal, aiming to provide a literal window into the world of Red Light prostitution. The Amsterdam tourist board also itself provides an English-language guide for how to behave in the district - photographs are especially verboten. Meanwhile, ‘Condomerie’ provides the largest range of condoms in Amsterdam. And be sure to check out the statue dedicated to “the unknown sex worker” in the Old Church Square. The plaque on the statue reads simply; “Respect sex workers all over the world”.
The wonderful world of fetishes
Beth Saward Lifestyle Writer When talking about fetishes, perhaps it’s better to start off on a slightly dull note and define what one actually is. A dictionary definition is that a fetish is ‘a form of sexual desire in which pleasure is gained from a particular object or part of the body’. It’s different to being attracted to something as it’s not simply enjoying how something looks but gaining sexual pleasure from it. You could, for example, say that you’re attracted to redheads without having a fetish for them. There are three different types of fetishes: media, which focuses on materials such as rubber, leather or silk, form, so lingerie would fit here, and ‘animate’ which refers to human features such as feet, hair or bums. With the popularity of 50 Shades of Grey, bondage play and BDSM in general has become a more mainstream fetish. There is even a 50 Shades of Grey line of sex toys, bondage gear and related products. But it is not the definitive guide to the BDSM (or Bondage, Domination, Sado-Masochism) scene, and there are problems with it. For
many people BDSM is something that is solely confined to the bedroom whether that involves some light bondage in the form of fluffy handcuffs or more hardcore sado-masochistic whipping and other pain play. Another surprisingly common fetish is podophilia or the foot fetish. There’s even an Instagram entirely devoted to pictures of feet. The name really gives it away here:
it’s the love of feet. Foot fetishists find feet attractive and often get turned on by kissing, licking or sucking on them as well as by simply watching them wiggle. Interestingly, there is current research into the possible link between increased foot fetishes and high rates of sexually transmitted diseases. If genitalia are out of bounds due to infection, apparently feet are the next best thing! Some of the more unusual fetishes out
flickr: andreanna moya photography
there include katoptronophilia or being turned on by having sex in front of mirrors and nasolingus, otherwise known as enjoying sucking on a person’s nose. There are some, however, that just seem to go together perfectly. If you have knismolagnia then you get turned on by being tickled and should hope to find someone who has titillognia: a love of tickling others. Clowns are often seen as a source of fear, especially by people who’ve seen too many horror movies, but coulrophiliacs can’t get enough of them. People who are climacophiliacs must have to plan their sex lives carefully as a fetish falling down the stairs, the meaning of climacophilia, can’t be a healthy habit. And then there are those with nebulophilia whose love of fog must be difficult to satisfy outside of cold and damp England. Fetishes are as varied and individual as humans are themselves. Some of them are deemed to be more acceptable and more mainstream than others, some are problematic and downright illegal. But one thing’s for certain: typing the words ‘list of fetishes’ into google will definitely prove to be an eye-opening, and in some cases eyewatering, experience. Hot oil on the genitals anyone?
Long distance sex Emily Fedorowycz Lifestyle Writer This issue is all about breaking the taboo. So yes. When it comes to the sexual nature of long distance relationships it would seem there’s either three options. Firstly, you may commit yourself to abstinence of all things of the sexual nature until you next see your beloved. Patience is a virtue. Second, you might be lucky enough to have a partner that has the means or stamina to travel to you at the drop of a hat for an urgent booty call. We don’t all have that luxury. The last option is to keep your cheeky bean happy while on your lonesome. There’s no shame in it. It is instinctively engrained in us; our bodies our biologically dispositioned to be baby makers. It’s the way of life. Literally. So we might as well embrace it. With loving, sensuous arms. But you can still have a bit of fun with your partner while they’re a few hundreds of miles away. You could buy some erotica together and read it one chapter at a time, discussing after each what things you would love to do to one another. Or write your own erotica. Write a chapter each and then send the ‘story so far’ to your partner, for them to continue. Not only will it be a fun process, but a saucy keepsake too. Plus, old fashioned phone sex too hasn’t gone stale yet… it’s only
got better, alongside better technology. In a new age of webcams and improved instant messaging, we now have pictures to help illustrate our saucy sexts, along with so much more to experiment with. The distance can even be an advantage in some cases, as it can give you a chance to voice some of the things you may be to shy to suggest faceto-face. Let the fantasies out, and don’t hold back! Talking about everything you’ve done and want to do in the future can make the anticipation for your next meeting even more exciting. A top tip to consider as well, before beginning your textual intercourse, might be to put together some sexy messages, all ready to go. That way you don’t have to interrupt your handy work to reply, instead you can simply send off your pre-written ammo. Sextactular. Skype has also revolutionized long distance relationships and allows us to get at least some visual gratification. Naughty photos can be sent over new apps such as Snapchat and can also be a great way to add some excitement to the long stretches apart. You can add some games too for some extra amusement. See who can take the sexiest pic, or play a tantilising game of “guess the body part” by sending an unrecognizable close up. If they guess correctly, promise an extra five minutes of their favourite foreplay as a reward. If they lose, you get the bonus
instead. If you’re a board game lover, why not spice up some old classics such as Connect 4 or Scrabble by logging on to an online server and playing a strip version with your partner? Make your own rules. For every word over four letters take off an item of clothing. Have a giggle as you get naked and realise how bad you are at spelling. Plus, we wont have to wait long for some revolutionary and rather futuristic ways to deal with sex and long distance relationships. The Kissenger robot is due to be released soon, which is a pod that you kiss at the same time as your partner. It works via Bluetooth and supposedly reacts to your
mouth movements and the pressures of your lips on the pad to create some sort of virtual kissing for your partner. Not sure how good a robot kiss could be, but hey. Durex too are developing a design of “Funderwear”, with an app that goes with it, so that you can touch your partner from anywhere across the globe. Nifty. Although, with such a personal app you definitely would not want your friends to get ahold of your phone. “Frape” all of a sudden would have a whole new meaning… Nevertheless, until these new fangled gadgets are launched, there is plenty to keep the long distance lovers both pleased and assured. I mean, pleasured.
Meeting the parents
Beth Ryan Lifestyle Writer Meeting the parents; an inevitable occasion in every new relationship, usually riddled with sweaty palms, self-awareness and bad jokes on both sides of the table. The build-up to the meeting incurs a particular kind of discomfort; a blend of reluctance, hope, and provisional embarrassment. But the chances are that your nerves are unnecessary. The simple truth is that most parents want their children to be happy if you are the source of this, you can only go wrong to a certain extent. There are, though, a few things you can do to limit any potential damage. Pre-meeting mirror check Within the first minute of meeting someone, they will already have formed an opinion of you. Daunting. It’s pretty self-explanatory, really opt for the less offensive items in your wardrobe and avoid black eyes or last night’s smeared make up. Appearances, at least at first, matter. Beware of the classic American highschool hickey, purple and red, shoved in the face of a confused parents, wondering just what you got up to last night with their beautiful, innocent child.
The last thing you want is your partner’s parents imagining the two of you in the bedroom... A pre-dinner mirror check, then, as well as a during dinner one, may save you a bit of embarrassment and get rid of that piece of brocolli stuck in your teeth. Flatter, Flatter... stop there
The better you make them feel about themselves the better they feel about you. But nobody likes a sycophant. Laughing at dad jokes is a must, but stop at ten seconds or you sound sarcastic. Throw in a décor compliment, but keep it simple something along the lines of ‘I love these scatter cushions Mrs Jones’ is a real winner with
those anywhere near middle-aged or middle-class. Judge for yourself… Remember that you won’t be the only one trying to impress. Parents of university aged offspring are cloying more than ever on to their precious son or daughter and everything that comes with them. More often than not, they want you to like them. Now is also your chance to look out for warning signs. Is his recent hair loss really a temporary stress related phase or does his dad’s bald head say otherwise? Maybe she will laugh just a bit too whole heartedly at her grandma’s racist jokes, or perhaps he’ll display the kind of filial affection which can only signpost him as a chronic mummy’s boy. Try, though, not to worry too much. Even the most seamless of people struggle to give the perfect first impression; we’ve all heard the anecdote of Marilyn Monroe’s first encounter with Arthur Miller’s mother. Marilyn excuses herself to use the bathroom, and, ever self‐conscious, turns the tap on full to cover the sound of her peeing. Later Arthur asks his mother what he thought of Marilyn. ‘Very nice girl’, she replies, ‘but she pees like a horse.’ So even if the dreaded event results in a few embarrassments, at least you’re in good company.
A history of pubic hair
Lucy Morris Lifestyle Writer We’ve all seen, heard or experienced ourselves the public debate over the pubic hair-removal phenomenon. Whether people – largely women – decide to keep their full bush intact, or dare to bare “down there” has become a surprisingly public issue, with internet articles and Guardian think-pieces alternately deriding those who don’t shave as being repulsive and unhygienic on the one hand, and berating women who do wax it all off as brainwashed ‘anti-feminists’ on the other. But what of the history of pubic hair – and its removal? Where did this curious phenomenon come from – and how do ‘pubic hair trends’ even get started? Concrete gets down and dirty to discover the real history of pubic hair removal. Ancient Times Pubic hair removal was on-trend for the ancient Egyptians. Considering pubic hair ‘uncivilised’, both women and men employed such methods as bronze and flint razors, a primitive form of ‘sugaring’, and home-grown depilatory creams made from such bizarre
ingredients as arsenic and quicklime in their quest for total hair-removal. Ouch. The ancient Greeks plucked out women’s hair, often as soon as it started to appear on a pubescent girl’s body, using tweezers. (‘Virgin waxes’, where girls just entering puberty have their first pubic hairs immediately waxed off, are, startlingly, not a new trend.) Being able to devote the time and money necessary to obtain a perfectly smooth pudenda (incidentally, also the Latin word for ‘shame’ – yep) was regarded as a status symbol. Early modern period During the Renaissance, Italian books featured a litany of hair-removal methods - but curiously, none for men. 16th century doctors recommended hair removal on the grounds that too much represented an “imbalance of
the humours” that also made a woman ‘manly’ and unattractive, “intelligent, but disagreeable and argumentative”. Full bush, however, was the trend for most women for most of modern history. Catherine de Medici, a noblewoman of the same era allegedly forbade her ladies in waiting from removing their pubic hair. And by the time Elizabeth I came to power in England, she would set a new fashion for hair management, in which she would leave the hair on her body untouched - but removed her eyebrows entirely. Prostitutes did shave the hair down there, mostly as a way to prevent infection with pubic lice or fleas, but would then cover up the shaved hair with a miniature ‘pubic wig’ known as a merkin – and these date back to the 1400s. (This means that those rather
bald-looking poonanis sported by the prostitutes in TV’s Game of Thrones may, in fact, be moderately historically accurate - but noblewoman Melisandre has no excuse!) 20th Century For much of the Victorian era, full bush was the norm - and it continued as so right up until the invention of the bikini. While women did then depilate their bikini line, for a while that was as far as it went. 70s full bush was a notorious trend in Playboy and Penthouse, as each strived to show more than the other without being deemed obscene. (Implausibly, it was generally agreed that nude photographs were not pornographic unless they showed pubic hair or genitals.) In the 80s, extra trimming became de rigeur, as changing pantylines (v-front bikinis, anyone?) the rise of comparatively hairless porn and eventually episode of Sex and the City engendered change. Interestingly, Playboy only did its first totally-hairless nude shoot in 2001, though it’s quickly become their norm since then. And whatever your choice of pubicgrooming, there’s likely historical precedent for it.
Super sexy chocolate and strawberry cake Georgia Ellis Lifestyle Writer Both chocolate and strawberries are proven aphrodisiacs, so why not combine the two for double the sensual power. This recipes is much easier than it’s long list of ingredients suggests, follow it carefully and prepare to wow your loved one. Ingredients • 350g of caster sugar • 225g of plain flour • 2 eggs • 85g of cocoa power • 1 ½ tsp of baking power • 250ml of milk • 125 ml of vegetable oil • 250ml of boiling water • 2 tsp of vanilla extract To decorate • 1punit of strawberries • 200ml of double cream • 200g of milk chocolate
Method 1. Firstly, remember to preheat your oven to 180 C. 2. Next, place all the cake ingredients apart from the boiling water into a large bowl and whisk until the mixture is smooth. 3. Then add the boiling water to the mix, a little at a time, this will make the mixture very runny. 4. Divide the mixture into two sandwich tins and then bake in the oven for 25-30 minutes. 5. When baked, leave to cool before icing and decorating. 6. For the icing, gently heat the chocolate and the double cream until the chocolate has melted. 7. Cool the icing slightly. 8. Ice the top of one of the cakes, putting the other cake on top. 9. Use the rest of the icing for the top of the cake. 10. Crop your strawberries and decorate the top of your cake however you want. Enjoy!
Love heart biscuits
m Lydia Clifton Lifestyle Writer A quick and easy baking treat to share with friends or a loved one. Ingredients • 150g butter, room temperature • 75g caster sugar • 225g plain flour • 2 tblsp vanilla essence • Icing sugar • Sugar roses • Edible glitter Method 1. Dice the butter into a bowl. Tip in the flour, sugar, vanilla essence and a pinch of salt. Gently rub in the butter with your fingertips and bring the dough together into a ball. Wrap in cling film and chill in the fridge for 15 minutes. 2. Preheat the oven to 170C gas mark 4. 3. Turn the dough out onto a floured surface and roll to about ½ cm. Cut out heart shapes and lay on a lined baking tray. Bake for 15-25 minutes. Leave to cool. 4. Decorate biscuits with icing (add a small amount of water to the icing sugar) and dip into edible glitter, or use a little icing to glue on sugar roses. Leave to set before eating.
BUCS REVIEW: Mixed fortunes for basketball and rugby As the women’s basketball team were defeated in their top of the table crunch match against Cambridge at the Sportspark, the women’s rugby side claimed victory in their first match of the new semester.
George Harmer and Kelly York Sports Correspondents
Editor’s column Charlie Savage Sports Editor Ever since George Best charmed the world with his majestic feet and pop star good looks, the potential to exploit sportsmen and women for their sex appeal has been seized upon by marketers. Best was the first, but he certainly was not the last. Every sport in the world is so dependent on the commercial revenue that television, advertising and image rights bring that sex is now a crucial tool in ensuring money continues to flow into sport. Whereas in the early decades of the twentieth century most spectators watched sports purely for the love of the game, there are a whole host of reasons why someone would sit down to enjoy competitive diving, for instance. Olympic silver-medalist Tom Daley has over two and a half million followers on twitter. Talented athlete though he is, it is safe to assume that a significant proportion of those followers have been amassed by his good looks that many teenage girls (and boys) become infatuated with. The old adage ‘sex sells’ has never been so apt as it is in modern sport. This does not mean that talent has become irrelevant, but the inflated transfer fees that football clubs pay for players account for much more than their services on the pitch. You are just as likely to see Fernando Torres posing for a photographer than you are to seeing him celebrate in front of a sea of blue at Stamford Bridge. Sex does invariably sell in sport, but what links all the great sport sex symbols of the modern era has been their incomparable talent. While Torres’ form has been indifferent at Chelsea, he will still go down as one of the great strikers of his generation, and has won all the honours a professional footballer can win. It is not enough to rely on looks alone in sport, and while it may help in selling shirts and attracting fickle support, what the average fan asks for more than anything else is natural ability and dedication. Regardless of how the commercial aspect of sport develops in the future, that is something that will never change.
UEA Women’s B’ball Cambridge
The UEA women’s basketball team headed into the biggest game of their season against top of the table Cambridge knowing that a win would see them sit in pole position to claim the Midlands 2B title. However, the visitors took all three points to all but seal their champions status. The chance to move one point ahead of Cambridge with two games to go saw the biggest and most vocal crowd of the season turn out to support the Panthers. The home side started slowly in the first quarter, with Cambridge able to assume a commanding grip on the game. Having calmed themselves down, UEA began to close the gap in the scoreline that Cambridge had established. It was evident that the Panthers
were giving their all, with outstanding support from the bench and the partisan crowd in the balcony. As Cambridge began to pull away, the hosts were buoyed by Antonia Feilhauer hitting a magnificent three pointer on the buzzer at the end of the third quarter. With the away side now only eight points ahead, the hosts began to believe that the comeback was on. However, Cambridge’s Ashley showed her quality to condemn UEA to defeat. Ashley, who scored 28 points, played Division 1 at University in America, making her one of the stronger opponents that UEA have faced this season. Cambridge closed the game out, meaning that two UEA wins from their final two matches would still not be enough for them to claim the title, providing Cambridge win their next match. With only four players in the side from the team that played last year, there is plenty for the Panthers to be proud of as they look to close the season out in style.
UEA Women’s Rugby Bedford
In spite of the poor weather conditions, UEA earned a resounding victory over an undermanned Bedford outfit. Although smaller, UEA’s scrum was strong and steady against the vistors’ inexperienced forwards. The game was won by the backs, with a series of strong runs ensuring that the visitor’s struggled to get out of their own half. The second half saw Bedford grow in confidence, but they continued to be suppressed by the dominant hosts. UEA’s number 15 Laura Fearnley supplied a sure pair of hands and made strong, positive decisions, earning her the back of the match award. With five wins out of five, UEA stay top of the table, three points ahead of De Montfort. The two meet for the second time this season in early March, where UEA will hope to seal the title.
Women’s volleyball maintain unbeaten run at Bedford Elizabeth Leddy Sports Correspondent The UEA women’s 1s remain unbeaten in their Midlands 2B BUCS league after a 3-0 away win over Bedford. Having only lost one set in the 19 played so far, the team went in to the match with high hopes. However, the league leaders were without captain Natalia de Martino and setter Masha Sillem, leading to an on court team who had rarely played together and with some players in new positions. Instead of taking advantage of UEA’s absences, the home team struggled to score more than 10 points in any set, and could only play a defensive game against the visitor’s strong attacks. While Bedford continuously failed to successfully carry out the crucial first pass, UEA showered them with hits and stand-in captain Sian Warren left both sides speechless after the execution of a perfect pancake, saving what appeared to be a lost point. The growing gap allowed UEA to practise new moves and serves, whilst developing their precision and accuracy as Bedford failed to put up a block against the hits. The lack of rallies meant the referee allowed mistakes to pass, though this didn’t stop the team
in their race to claim all three sets. However, the points lost were due to serving mistakes and hits falling short of the net; mistakes that they cannot afford to make in their upcoming fixtures. The win keeps UEA at the top of the table as the team prepare for the final three matches of the season. Two trips to Anglia Ruskin and Oxford Brookes will conclude the campaign, with a home match against Cranfield to come tomorrow. With four points separating Oxford from UEA, a win against Cranfield would put the women into pole position to claim the title.
Photo: Elizabeth Leddy
MIDLANDS 2B LEAGUE G W L PTS 1. UEA 1s
2. Oxford 1s
3. Cranfield 1s
4. A. Ruskin 1s 1 4
5. Bedford 1s
6. Northampton 1s 8 1 7
Photo: Elizabeth Leddy
IN FOCUS: GOLF SOCIETY The In focus feature returns to Concrete, as Will Medlock speaks to UEA Golf’s Secretary Sam O’Doherty about the challenges golf faces both at university and on the international stage.
Will Medlock Sports Editor The saying goes that football is a game played by gentlemen and watched by hooligans. UEA Golf Society Secretary Sam O’Doherty is all too aware that another sporting stereotype continues to linger, but hangs over the putting green rather than the football pitch. “Golf in the past seems to have developed this very snooty, middle-class stereotype, which I find very strange as it’s actually a very accessible and friendly sport to play.” This is perhaps one of the more pertinent and persistent challenges that the sport has had to overcome. While O’Doherty is confident that such archaic stereotypes have the capacity to alter and eventually recede, he acknowledges that golf faces distinct disadvantages to other sports at UEA when September arrives. “Golf is often overlooked by students, especially first years, as golf clubs are a big piece of equipment for people to bring up into halls. “Currently, with us playing at Barnham Broom, transport to and from the course is an issue as it is quite far out of town, meaning it restricts a lot of people. Hopefully, moving to Eaton next year will enable us to solve this problem. With the
course situated just off of Newmarket Road, students will find it far more accessible.” O’Doherty concedes that union aid is necessary in order for the society to survive and attract new members. “We have had a great relationship with Barnham Broom, but, for the sake of the society, we feel that it is vital for us to move next year. Getting the Union of Students to support us in this decision would be really helpful.” Despite the issues at hand, the club continue to successfully compete in their Midlands 2B league, having finished second in consecutive campaigns. With five wins out of eight, including home and away victories against De Montfort, the club appear in a healthy state heading into the final league match at Oxford Brookes. O’Doherty would perhaps concur that it is hard to overestimate the magnitude of the next two and a half years for golf. The chance to attract new participants and cement the sport’s status as a mainstay of the Olympic Games rests on the success of Rio 2016. Not since 1904 has the game graced the ultimate international stage, meaning that the poignant moment when the first golfer tees off in Brazil will go some way to deciding whether the sport is capable of branching out. Yet, O’Doherty is apprehensive of the implications of golf’s foray onto the
Olympic scene. “The pinnacle of golf will always be the four majors (US Open, The Open Championship, The Masters and the PGA Championship) and the Ryder Cup. However, I foresee it being treated as it is in tennis; a well respected achievement, but not the pinnacle of a career.” Golfing giant Jack Nicklaus, always one to speak with wisdom, humility and humour, admitted that, universally, children recognise a gold medal above individual competitions, thus championing the positives that the Olympics can offer golf. If there is to be a considerable surge in participation levels, then, initially, it will be clubs in the mould of UEA’s who stand to benefit most.
Photo: Sam O’Doherty
Photo: Sam O’Doherty
Sexist video leaks following Gray’s TV return Jack Lusby Sports Correspondent The fourth round of this season’s FA Cup was always bound to herald a surprise or two. Giuseppe Sannino’s Watford shocked Manchester City early on in their fixture before eventually being strong-armed into submission. Cup holders, but now Championship hopefuls, Wigan Athletic defeated Tony Pulis’ resurgent Crystal Palace in another impressive display. Perhaps most surprising was the return of Andy Gray. Employed as a guest commentator to cover the welcome absence of Michael Owen, the Scottish broadcaster appeared on BT Sport’s coverage of Everton’s routine 4-0 win away to Stevenage. Gray and his long-standing accomplice Richard Keys were ousted from their positions at Sky Sports in 2011, after being caught making derogatory remarks about female assistant referee Sian Massey. This was followed by the leak of further footage, showing Gray making a lewd “tuck me in” gesture towards fellow presenter Charlotte Jackson before a
Sky Sports broadcast. To make matters worse, Keys recently took to Twitter to defend their actions; he branded the treatment of Gray a scandal, with the rationale of “we were bugged.” Unfortunately, the abominable, sexist behaviour of Messrs Keys and Gray is endemic within modern football. Centuries-old stereotyping, of the lesser, domestic female, is nothing new. However, the rise of lad banter culture has only served to perpetuate these issues. Keys and Gray’s approach towards the offside rule, with Gray commenting “women don’t know the offside rule,” is the laziest derogation of women within football today. This could even be seen with the recent release of a 50 pence piece explaining the offside rule, serving to commemorate the 2012 Olympic Games. This is something now intrinsically ingrained within our culture. While the offside rule is an oft-debated grey area within world football, all of these are factors in a stain wearing into the reputation of the women’s game. It is quite likely that the most recent video of Keys and Gray to be leaked was timed to coincide with the return of the
latter to the British media. A week after the Everton game, YouTube channel The Football Ramble released a video of the pair apparently jeering at fellow professional Clare Tomlinson from off-camera with the familiar football chant “get your tits out for the lads”. The authenticity of the video remains questionable, but it is far from out of the question with Keys and Gray. Unfortunately, Gray’s uncanny knack of coining a phrase serves him well within a fickle-natured football fandom. His berserk reaction to Steven Gerrard’s late half-volley against Olympiakos in 2004 will live forever in the memory of many. However, much like an Emile Heskey joke, his presence will forever linger without its discouragement. The reality is that the behaviour of Andy Gray is fundamentally prehistoric, and shouldn’t be encouraged. The fact that the return of Gray to British commentary shores coincides with the release of yet another misogynist diatribe serves to underline how out of touch football punditry is, particularly with women’s football taking such great strides in recent years.
As Sky Sports have shown in recent years, there is a wealth of intelligent and measured young pundits available within the game. Hopefully BT Sport takes note and give someone more deserving a chance.
Concrete Sport UEA
Issue 293 11 February 2014
Gray can’t shift sexist tag
Moji Adegbile Photo: Alice Williams Moji Adegbile
UEA women’s lacrosse edged out by strong Leicester outfit Moji Adegbile Sports Correspondent
Under the grey sky at Colney Lane, with rain and high winds prevailing against all, the UEA women’s lacrosse team faced rivals Leicester in their first home match this semester. A close game ensued, with a final score of 15-8 in Leicester’s favour, meaning the visitors moved above UEA in the Midlands 2A league. However, Leicester, UEA, league leaders Nottingham and fourth placed Warwick all have 15 points each, setting up a tense final three games of the season. Both teams were able to showcase the hard work they have put into training after the Christmas break. The weather conditions proved difficult to combat, with the pitch surface affected by the cold and wet weather in the week running up to the match. As a result, ground balls were one of the main features of the game. After a tough opening quarter which saw the hosts fall 4-1 behind, a quick change of tactics and tightening of the defence halted the flurry of Leicester goals. Eilidh Hall, who was also nominated as woman of the match, took
control of the UEA attack. Under her guidance, and thanks to great teamwork and finishing, UEA began to find their rhythm and began scoring freely, with three scored by Kaho Yoshida. Although the eventual defeat opens the title race up, UEA can be proud of the brilliant game they played and can take heart from the fact they were up against tough opposition. The visitors squad included an England star player, who scored the majority of their goals. With a tight defence repelling them, UEA were unable to make up for their loss to Leicester in November. Despite quality opposition and the intense wind and ice-cold rain, the game was well matched and an exciting 60 minutes of lacrosse for all those present.
Photo: Alice Williams
MIDLANDS 2A LEAGUE G W L PTS 1. Nottingham 3s 7
2. Leicester 1s
3. UEA 1s
4. Warwick 2s
5. Northampton 1s 5 0 6. Bedford 1s
8 0 7
Page 22 In focus: Golf society