Volume 19 No.2
Conservation League Buying Local
pull-out guide INSIDE!
Buying Local – The Fields family of John's Island has been farming and selling locally for generations.
South Carolina Grown
From the Director
The “Inevitability” of Loss Summer 2008
ately, it has become an article of faith that the loss of our landscapes, our community, and our quality of life is unavoidable. Destructive development is equated with progress, and the two are conflated into a single collective sigh of resignation. "Progress (or growth, or rising traffic congestion) is inevitable," we hear, as another tract of forest is leveled to extend the commercial blight that borders Beaufort, or Charleston, or Georgetown, or Columbia. Further complicating the situation is the entrenched belief that, in some ways, this destruction is necessary to maintain a vibrant economy. The "reasonable balance" advocated by business boosters typically consists of continuing the destruction, although perhaps not quite as fast. It's still inevitable, but it will take a little bit longer. Thankfully, the inevitability argument fails on a variety of points. First, there are dozens of examples of places that will never suffer the ravages of destructive growth. The ACE Basin, with more than 180,000 acres of land in three counties protected in perpetuity, forms a loose western border to the Charleston metro region and a northeastern border to Beaufort. Similarly, the Francis Marion National Forest/Cape Romain/Santee area, Winyah Bay and the lower Pee Dee, and Jasper County west of I-95 collectively include more than halfa-million acres of protected forests, river corridors, and wetlands. Based on historical evidence, protection in those areas is far more inevitable than loss. Second, it is now painfully apparent that growth without limits or guidelines is not only environmentally destructive, it is also economic foolishness. From
Dorchester County, where schools and roads are overloaded to the point of gridlock and taxpayers are picking up the tab, to the national economy, which is suffering the worst economic hangover in decades from years of Federal Reserveenabled binge lending by financial institutions who never met a borrower they couldn't accommodate, our cities, states and national government are on the ropes because of their unquestioning embrace of the opiate that "growth (development, loss . . .) is inevitable and good." Meanwhile, there are the unbelievers. People like the Lanes and the Donnelleys and the Turners, who launched the ACE Basin initiative in the late 1980s. Or the folks with the Audubon Society and The Nature Conservancy, who saved Four Hole Swamp. Or Bob Schofield and his neighbors on the Pee Dee River, and recently Lucille Pate at Arcadia on the Waccamaw. There are Louise Maybank and Lewis Hay, who fought for the Wadmalaw land use plan and for 20 years have worked to protect it. Or Bill Saunders (who is profiled on page 16 of this newsletter), who spent decades fighting for civil rights in Charleston and continues his work today protecting the rural landscape and traditional communities of John’s Island. Or Father Francis Kline, who spent the last years of his life insuring the survival of the Cooper River. If we cut through the fictions and shibboleths that surround growth, it is clear that the only thing that is inevitable is that citizens will make of their communities what they choose and that heroic leadership of the sort that we've seen on the coast can overcome the historical bias that favors destruction over preservation. We at the Coastal Conservation League are honored and inspired to be a part of this movement.
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Regional Offices _____ ________________
South Coast Patrick Moore Reed Armstrong Andrea Malloy North Coast Nancy Cave Columbia Christie McGregor Patty Pierce Heather Spires
Director of Conservation Programs Program Director Project Managers
Communications/Web Site Grassroots Coordinator Newsletter Editor
Megan Desrosiers Nancy Vinson Hamilton Davis Lisa Jones-Turansky Ben Moore Jim Cumberland Art von Lehe Alex Dadok Brian Barrie Gretta Kruesi Virginia Beach
Development _____________ _______
Director Membership Development Associate
Tish Lynn Nancy Cregg Alison Geer
Director of Administration HR and Admin. Director of Finance Data Manager Technology Administrator Administrative Assistant Development/Finance Assistant
Cathy Forrester Tonnia Switzer Ashley Waters Nora Kravec Robert Malone Angela Chvarak Amanda Watson
Board of Directors Laura Gates, Chair Bill Agnew Fred Lincoln Will Cleveland Cartter Lupton Dorothea Benton Frank Roy Richards Vince Graham Gillian Roy Richard T. Hale Jeffrey Schutz Hank Holliday Libby Smith Holly Hook Victoria C. Verity George Johnston Trenholm Walker Mary Kennemur Advisors and Committee Members Paul Kimball Hugh Lane Jay Mills
P.O. Box 1765 ■ Charleston, SC 29402 Phone: (843) 723-8035 ■ FAX: (843) 723-8308 E-Mail: email@example.com Web site: www.CoastalConservationLeague.org P.O. Box 1861 ■ Beaufort, SC 29901 Phone: (843) 522-1800 935 Main Street, No. 1 ■ Columbia, SC 29201 Phone: (803) 771-7102 P.O. Box 603 ■ Georgetown, SC 29442 Phone: (843) 545-0403 All contents herein are copyright of the Coastal Conservation League. Reprinting is strictly prohibited without written consent. Design by Julie Frye Design.
Cover photograph by Wade Spees
he Catawba River becomes the Wateree River as it crosses from North Carolina into South Carolina at the state line. It serves the people and industry of Rock Hill, Lancaster and Camden, and, after merging with the Congaree River, eventually flows into Lake Marion, an important source of drinking water for the Berkeley, Dorchester and Charleston region. In a new report issued this spring, national conservation group American Rivers ranked the Catawba-Wateree River ahead of nine others on the group’s top ten list of most endangered rivers in the U.S. for 2008. The 300-mile river is the focus of a legal fight between the Carolinas that’s made its way to the U.S. Supreme Court. South Carolina has filed a lawsuit opposing plans by two suburbs of Charlotte to pump up to 10 million gallons of water per day from the Catawba-Wateree. Long considered a concern of the dry, Western states, water rights are now an issue for the Southeast. According to the American Rivers report, outdated policies and the drought that has parched states throughout the region are threatening many rivers in the Southeast.
Rare Spiderlily Depends on Ample Water Flow in Broad River Duke Energy’s proposed withdrawal of 35 million gallons of water per day from the Broad River may negatively impact the rocky-shoals spiderlily. for surface water withdrawals. As a result, when a metropolis like Charlotte demands more water withdrawal and waste disposal capability from the Catawba-Wateree River, South Carolina has little if any leverage to negotiate for sound limits on regional water use, especially when we don't even regulate our own instate use. A bill to grant South Carolina the authority to manage these finite water resources (S.428) was approved by the Senate Agriculture and Natural Resources Committee this year, but it stalled before ever making it to the Senate floor. Stakeholders and members of the committee failed to reach agreement on several key points, including how much water to free up for private and commercial interests versus how much to keep instream for wildlife and
environmental protection, for use by the public, and for future uses. The Coastal Conservation League was a leading proponent of S.428, and we worked hard over two sessions to make sure that good legislation came out of the Senate Agriculture Committee. Unfortunately, as approved by the committee, S.428 benefited private industries at the public’s expense. The “watered down” legislation gave preference to those who stood to make great financial gain from the use of our shared water resources, while placing too great a burden on citizens to prove that their interests also be protected. As a result, the Conservation League, along with 24 other conservation organizations in South Carolina, ultimately opposed S.428 as amended. Robert Ariail, The State
American Rivers Names CatawbaWateree Most Endangered River in the Nation
Withdrawal Bill Watered Down by Industry
While North Carolina and Georgia have had water withdrawal regulations on the books for years, the State of South Carolina has no permitting system c o a s t a l c o ns e r v a t i o n l e a g u e
South Carolina Grown
Growing and Eating Food – Locally and Sustainably
“Everyone knows the best way to
enjoy South Carolina
Conservation League Launches Sustainable Agriculture Initiative
agriculture is to eat it.” – Hugh Weathers, S.C. Commissioner of Agriculture
A Rare Opportunity
ndustrialization came late to South Carolina and that may be our saving grace. While so many areas pushed development at all costs, the Lowcountry and much of the state managed to retain an unusually large percentage of forest and farm lands. Today, we find ourselves poised to take advantage of innovative, local economies based on the fertility of the soil – a rare opportunity for the Palmetto State to capitalize on its abundant agricultural lands and farming traditions, while responding to new market trends and demands for locally grown foods. Farming remains South Carolina’s second largest industry, contributing $35.7 billion worth of annual economic impact to the state and 460,000 jobs. Yet, since 1980, farms have declined in number from 34,000 to 24,000, resulting in depressed rural communities where many families are forced to sell their farms and move off the land. At stake is an irreplaceable legacy of agricultural know-how and land stewardship. If we fail to seize this opportunity to reinvigorate the rural economy, the family farm could become
a relic of the past, along with all the potential for associated businesses and community revival. Residents lose out on the freshness, quality and value that come from locally grown and harvested food, and South Carolina’s traditional rural landscape becomes at risk of disappearing. Getting It Right If we “get it right,” a healthy, thriving farm base can generate a positive ripple effect through a region in the form of job creation, attention to soil, water and air quality, enhanced nutrition, less expensive food choices, protection of rural lands and traditional communities, and conservation of fuel resources. More and more, the environmental and social benefits of a viable, local agricultural economy are being realized across the United States, as citizens rediscover the opportunities and benefits of locally based food production. In fact, recent polling data tells us that more than 70% of South Carolinians recognize the importance of agriculture to the future of the Palmetto State, and nearly 90% prefer South Carolina grown products and produce c o a s t a l c o ns e r v a t i o n l e a g u e
over the same product produced or grown outside the state. To that end, the Coastal Conservation League has launched a Sustainable Agriculture Initiative with generous support from the Ceres Foundation and other donors, under the leadership of League Administration Director Cathy Forrester and in partnership with the S.C. Department of Agriculture, Lowcountry Local First, and farmers and groups across the state. Our mission: To forge direct and lasting connections between local food producers and consumers. Through innovative distribution and marketing strategies – such as CSAs (Community Supported Agriculture cooperatives) and “South Carolina Grown” certification programs for markets and restaurants – and through better coordination and networking among producers, processors, distributors, chefs and consumers, the Conservation League and its partners aim to reinvigorate local farming economies while at the same time preserve our rural land base. Since the program began last fall, the response has been phenomenal, as evidenced by the many exciting initiatives highlighted here.
South Carolina Grown
Lowcountry Local First
together on a broad, long-term initiative that will address the need for such changes as increased ease of distribution of local and regional products, improved local meat processing, yearround availability of regional farmers markets, and promotion of Community Supported Agriculture cooperatives (CSAs). In addition to these projects, the groups have joined the S.C. Department of Agriculture to promote its new initiative, Fresh on the Menu. Lowcountry Local First is committed to building a network of small businesses that allows all business owners to participate on the same level.
eginning last fall, the Coastal Conservation League has been working with Lowcountry Local First (LLF), a chapter of the national organization, Business Alliance for Local Living Economies, to create a Sustainable Agricultural Program in the Lowcountry. Funded by a grant from the Conservation League and working closely with League Administration Director Cathy Forrester, Alan Moore serves as the Director of the Sustainable Agriculture Program at LLF. The Conservation League and Lowcountry Local First are working
Join a CSA Today! (l-r) Riad Rayes, Rita Bachmann and Alan Myers-Davis work the “Rita’s Roots” stand at the Charleston Farmers Market. Rita’s Roots is a Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) cooperative at Ambrose Farms on Wadmalaw Island.
Retail, manufacturing and agricultural businesses unite with the same mission – to promote and preserve their local economy through the promotion of their goods and services. For More Information: Contact Alan Moore at 843-740-5444 or alan@LowcountryLocalFirst.org.
What is a CSA? CSA
stands for a Community Supported Agriculture cooperative. It is a partnership between families and farms that is bringing the small family farm back to life by linking consumers directly with the people who grow their food. At the beginning of each season, participants purchase a share of the upcoming harvest, which ultimately supports the farm’s early season start-up expenses such as seeds, irrigation, fuel, labor and tractor maintenance. In return, shareholders receive a weekly box of fresh vegetables, fruits and herbs throughout the season. They also receive the satisfaction of knowing they are reducing the dramatic fuel consumption typically associated with food distribution across the U.S., avoiding the risks of disease and contamination that can afflict large-scale factory farming, and supporting the family farming economy and preservation of rural land. A CSA reestablishes the relationship between farmer and consumer through direct communication and by distributing farming’s inherent risks among the community. In other words, by buying shares up front – banking on, or investing in, the future harvest – the (continued on page 6)
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South Carolina Grown Steve Cregg
consumer assumes some of the same risks as the farmer in terms of predicting output or harvest, subject to such variables as temperature, rain and pests. Alan Moore, Director of the Sustainable Agriculture Program at Lowcountry Local First, worked closely with several Lowcountry farmers to launch four CSAs this spring. They include:
For More Information: • www.LocalHarvest.org or www. CommunityGarden.org • Alan Moore, Lowcountry Local First, at 843-740-5444 or www.LowcountryLocalFirst.org • Ansley Rast, S.C. Department of Agriculture, at 803-734-2200 or www.CertifiedSCGrown.com
• Marshview Community Organic Farm, St. Helena Island. 40-share CSA. Telephone: 843-838-3709
• Emile DeFelice, Columbia’s All-Local Market, at 803-917-0794
• Legare Farms, John’s Island. 100- share CSA. Telephone: 843-559-0708
A free-range Barred Rock chicken raised at the Mustafa farm in Horatio, S.C.
• Rita’s Roots, Wadmalaw Island. 70-share CSA. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org • Ambrose Farms, Wadmalaw Island. 400-share CSA. Telephone: 843-559-9999
DID YOU KNOW?
The vast majority – approximately 80% of the energy used by the food industry goes to processing, packaging, transporting, storing, and preparing food.
Many Reasons to Buy Local! Fresh on the Menu • Buying local protects the environment. Most conventionally produced food is extremely resource intensive, traveling an average of 1,500-2,500 miles from field to plate. Local food, however, doesn’t have to travel far, thus reducing fossil fuel dependence, carbon dioxide emissions, and use of packing materials. • Locally grown and produced foods are exceptionally fresh, delicious, and abundant. Local food is fresher and tastes better than food shipped long distances from other states or countries, and it often reaches you within 24 hours of harvest. Local farmers can offer produce varieties bred for taste and freshness rather than shipping and long shelf life. • Buying local supports endangered family farms and strengthens the local economy. Getting to know the farmers who grow your food builds relationships based on understanding and trust, the foundation of strong communities. With each local food purchase, you ensure that more of your money goes directly to local farmers and stays in the community. • Buying local protects open space and farmland. Keeping local farms economically viable is critical to preserving the beautiful landscapes and rural agricultural areas surrounding towns and urban centers. Buying local food helps to make farming more profitable and selling farmland for development less attractive. - courtesy of the Piedmont Environmental Council
Fresh on the Menu
expands on the Certified South Carolina Grown campaign launched by the State of South Carolina in 2007. This new campaign aims to encourage local restaurants to source at least 25% of what they serve locally (within South Carolina) and to facilitate the commerce between chefs and farmers. The official debut of Fresh on the Menu took place on March 1st at the Charleston Food + Wine Festival with more than 50 restaurants participating. The Charleston area inauguration of the program is seen as a prototype for introducing Fresh on the Menu statewide. The campaign slogan, “Buy Local . . . It’s to Dine For” is popping up on restaurant menus and car bumpers all across the Lowcountry. The broader efforts of the campaign include several smaller meetings bringing together chefs, growers and purveyors to address the process of connecting and distributing food produced locally to our restaurants, grocery stores and markets. John’s Island farmer Thomas Legare comments, “We’ve needed something like this for a long time and it’s exciting to see someone finally taking the lead on it.”
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South Carolina Grown
The Coastal Conservation League is also a member of the Sustainable Seafood Initiative, headquartered at the S.C. Aquarium and joined by the S.C. Seafood Alliance, Johnson and Wales University, the Baruch Institute of the University of South Carolina, and the S.C. Sea Grant Consortium. These conservation partners have teamed up to promote sustainable seafood in the Charleston area. The goal of the program is to promote wise seafood choices and the consumption of environmentally friendly, locally captured seafood. Visit the S.C. Aquarium Web site at www.SCAquarium.org and click on “Sustainable Seafood Initiative.” There you will find excellent information on what is sustainable seafood, the status of wild fisheries, good and bad aquaculture, and where you can buy and eat locally caught seafood in Charleston. You can also download and print a wallet card that lists the Sustainable Seafood Restaurant Partners in Charleston – those who have agreed to remove Chilean sea bass, orange roughy and shark from their menus until these populations are no longer in decline. For more information, contact Megan Westmeyer, Sustainable Seafood Initiative Coordinator at the S.C. Aquarium, at 843-579-8502 or at SustainableSeafood@SCAquarium.org.
The Practice of Sustainable Farming Profile of a Sumter Farm Family
“Raised Up in Farming” – Azeez Mustafa, of Horatio in Sumter County, received the Carolina Farm Stewardship Association Sustainable Agriculture Farmer of the Year award in 2006.
zeez and Fathiyyah Mustafa are people who believe in the ability of individuals to make their world a better place through small and consistent changes in their own lives. Their personal farming story depicts a gradual movement from growing for the family, to giving away extras to friends, to selling vegetables at the farm, to becoming the first certified organic African American farmers in the Southeast. Azeez and Fathiyyah Mustafa provide living proof that sustainable farming offers a way to protect our state’s scenic landscapes while strengthening rural economies. They have been practicing sustainable agriculture in Sumter for 30 years, growing herbs and specialty crops for a variety of local restaurants and
markets. In 2006, Azeez received the Carolina Farm Stewardship Association Sustainable Agriculture Farmer of the Year award. Born and raised in Sumter, Azeez began with a modest market garden focused on traditional Southern foods like okra and watermelon. It has now grown into an operation featuring more than 25 kinds of herbs, vegetables and fruits, many of which are heirloom varieties. The Mustafas also raise free-range Barred Rock, Rhode Island Red, and White Rock chickens for the dinner table. The Mustafas sell the “fruits” of their labor directly to consumers at the farm, to top restaurants around the state, and at the All-Local Market in Columbia. “People who get our food can taste the difference,” Azeez explains. “They (continued on page 18)
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Laying the Groundwork Investing in Rural Areas
What’s At Stake
ural areas across the nation have seen job losses, outmigration and general decline. Rural communities continue to lose young people to more urbanized communities in the Southeast with better job prospects. As family farming has declined in the face of global competition, rural businesses have suffered, further reducing available job opportunities. The decline of rural economic opportunities makes highly polluting industries that jeopardize public health, like the coal plant proposed by Santee Cooper, attractive to rural areas. Perceiving that they lack other opportunities for economic development, rural leaders sometimes believe that they have no choice other than to welcome polluting industries that create jobs. Often, for these communities, environmental and farmland protection are considered luxuries; they would be nice but are economically not viable under the status quo.
Providing new paths to responsible economic development is a challenge for rural areas. Making loans, job training and other services more available to rural entrepreneurs and small farmers remain areas in need of attention by state policymakers. Small farmers attempting to branch into new businesses often struggle to
Support the Family Farm Helen Legare and her family operate a 100-share CSA on their John’s Island farm. They deliver weekly to pickup sites in the Charleston area. obtain small business training necessary to develop new opportunities. This problem can be particularly damaging to new and young farmers. Farmers attempting to pursue new opportunities in value-added agriculture, agro-tourism and chemical-free agriculture face obstacles in securing financing. Unfamiliar with the business opportunities, lenders are unwilling to extend loans. While conventional agricultural practices and large-scale manufacturing are well understood, little market data exists in South Carolina for innovative rural business ideas and agriculture. As a result, perceived risk to investors in rural development is high.
The Certified South Carolina and Fresh on the Menu programs launched by the S.C. Department of Agriculture and the Sustainable Agriculture Initiative sponsored by the Coastal Conservation League and Lowcountry Local First are important steps in reviving South Carolina’s farming economy and in saving our rural landscape. The following strategies are essential to any initiative: • Build the capacity of nonprofits, local business organizations and community groups in rural areas to provide training, networking and market information for small businesses and entrepreneurs, including farmers.
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• • •
Increase the number of workshops by agricultural extension agents on new farming ideas and value-added products so small farmers can develop new business models. Promote agriculture financing in South Carolina to educate farmers about how to find loans and lenders who provide responsible lending products for strong innovative ideas. Invest more resources in rural development projects and recognize that rural development can benefit all South Carolina business. Support programs that connect farmers directly to citizens and businesses looking for agricultural products.
[reprinted and adapted from the South Carolina Conservation Briefing Book 2008, published by the Conservation Voters of South Carolina Education Fund, January 2008] For More Information: Contact Emile DeFelice, of Columbia’s AllLocal Market, at 803-917-0794 or Conservation League Project Manager Alex Dadok at 843-725-1290 or email@example.com.
“By allowing sprawl to become the single de facto land use, you are severely limiting economic and recreational opportunities for future generations.” – Megan Desrosiers, Director of Conservation Programs for the Conservation League
Added Value – Farmers can make more money by adding
In order to sustain both timber and food production in South Carolina, zoning must play a role in defining what is a viable rural parcel size that can support an agricultural economy in a particular locality. In other words, how large does a tract of land have to be to make farming profitable in a certain area? Charleston County has dealt with this question by determining that a 25-acre unit of land can support timber production. As a result, the county has successfully applied this zoning designation in areas containing large undeveloped
The Infrastructure Factor
value to their crops. A recent study in North Carolina showed a farmer could increase returns on his corn from $2 per bushel to $80 by grinding and sorting the corn into meal and grits. parcels that have traditionally been planted with trees. On the sea islands around Charleston, where growing food remains part of the local economy, the definition of a viable rural parcel size has varied. John’s Island’s rural zoning designation is one unit per 8 acres; Edisto’s is one unit per 10 acres, and Wadmalaw Island’s is one unit per 15 acres. (continued on page 18)
Certified South Carolina Where to Go for South Carolina Agriculture Products
he S.C. Department of Agriculture maintains an excellent Web site and directory with the latest information on where to buy locally, whether you’re an individual consumer, chef, grocer or food purveyor. Go to www.CertifiedSCGrown.com and click on “Publications.” You’ll find up-to-date listings in the following directories:
If you polled residents about what they think is driving sprawl and the destruction of farmland, very few would correctly identify the culprit behind this rapid transformation of our landscape. They would probably say sprawl is largely caused by population growth and a lack of zoning, but they would be missing an important factor in the equation. South Carolina is converting land to development at three times the rate of population growth. And while more than half of the state’s counties has no zoning laws, most of the sprawl is actually occurring in counties where zoning has been in place for some time. Two primary enablers of sprawl are new roads and sewer lines in rural areas. This should be good news, because it means that if cities and counties are serious about dealing with sprawl, they can simply withhold these urban amenities from rural areas. However, this is easier said than done. Only two counties in the state have comprehensive plans that actually define where sewer lines should and
The Zoning Factor
• • • • • •
Certified Roadside Market Directory (alphabetical by county) Certified SC Program Directory (including meat, dairy, ornamental, produce, seafood, and specialty products) Community-Based Farmers Markets Directory (alphabetical by county) Produce Shippers Guide (alphabetical by agricultural product) Produce Wholesale Dealers Directory Specialty Foods Directory
Soon, the Department of Agriculture will launch the new “Market Maker” software program on its Web site. Developed by the University of Illinois, “Market Maker” is an interactive mapping system that connects growers and markets. Farmers can post the latest on what products are available and when and where to get them.
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he greater Ridgeland area sits in the middle of northern Jasper County and has enormous potential for contiguous land preservation. Zoning there is currently one unit per acre and the county is encouraging Hardeeville and Ridgeland to annex as much land as possible with no attention to the fate of farmland. An exception to this is the annexation of Good Hope Plantation, which is predicted to have a very positive impact on the area. The 14,000-acre parcel was annexed by the Town of Ridgeland in March and will be subject to a Conservation Protection District Ordinance which requires that 50% of all of the land within Good Hope be set aside as open space. The remaining 7,000 acres will be subject to one unit per 4-acre zoning, resulting in less than 10% of the homes that were
allowed under current municipal zoning. The Good Hope annexation is a dramatic contrast to Ridgeland’s other most recent annexation, Genesis Landing. Good Hope’s zoning allows 3,000 homes on 14,000 acres while Genesis Landing’s plan allows 15,000 homes on 7,000 acres, plus 16 million square feet of light industrial (the equivalent of 80 Super WalMarts). Thirty-six percent of the Genesis Landing Tract is freshwater wetlands. The Coastal Conservation League continues its outreach to Jasper County residents and businesses to educate them regarding the financial and environmental impacts of the Genesis development (a $58.4 million tax shortfall is predicted and Hwy. 462 would have to be sixlaned), and is building a constituency to press for a more environmentally responsible approach to the masterplanning process.
Air Station Teams Up with Conservationists The Conservation League is a cosponsor and team member, along with the Department of Defense, Lowcountry Council of Governments and local governments in northern Beaufort County, in developing a Transfer of Development Rights (TDR) program. The purpose of this effort is to prevent encroachment of development and incompatible uses around the U.S. Marine Corps Air Station by providing means for property owners around the air station (senders) to give up or reduce development rights on their land, and these “rights” be exchanged for increased density elsewhere (receivers). For these exchanges, the receivers would pay the senders for the higher density rezoning, either directly or
through a government controlled “bank,” with the payments based on local market values. Local governments would still have to approve the upzonings of receiving properties and these would be limited to a specific area of northern Beaufort County (Port Royal Island). This program is a first-of-its-kind in the nation, and many other communities with military facilities are watching to see how the Air Station “pilot program” works. Community leaders are also looking to see if the project might have potential for county-wide application, especially to complement Beaufort County’s Rural and Critical Lands Program.
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Good Hope Development Makes Economic and Environmental Sense
Marshview Organic CSA Conservation League board member George Johnston – a shareholder of the Marshview Community Organic Farm – takes a hand at tilling the soil of this St. Helena Island community supported agriculture cooperative (CSA). For more information on CSAs, see story on page 5.
Wal-Mart Denied on Lady's Island In January, residents of Lady’s Island and neighboring communities were shocked to learn that a developer had submitted plans for construction of a Super Wal-Mart along U.S. Highway 21 next door to the Lady’s Island Airport near St. Helena Island. The Conservation League worked with local organizations and citizens to organize opposition to this 195,000square-foot/25-acre project, which would generate enormous traffic congestion (10,000 dump trucks of fill just to make the site buildable) and negative environmental impacts, and would overwhelm public services and infrastructure. This is not the proper location for a big-box store, especially due to the site's low elevation and proximity to salt marsh. To the relief of many residents and local merchants, Beaufort’s Zoning Administrator declared that the Wal-Mart was not allowed because it did not conform to the city's master plan for the property. The applicant appealed to Beaufort’s zoning appeals board in March, which unanimously affirmed the denial.
Safe for Now – “Access to Small Islands” regulations have prevented developers from bridging this .27-acre marsh island adjacent to Fripp Island.
n March, the Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management (OCRM) denied an application to build an 85-foot vehicular bridge to a small, quarter-acre marsh island off the shores of Fripp Island. The property owner and his counsel contend that the parcel is not an island and they have urged OCRM to consider the application under transportation regulations rather than under the regulations that apply to small marsh islands.
With the aid of the Fripp Island Audubon Club, the Conservation League mobilized Fripp residents to oppose the permit at a public hearing in December. OCRM persisted in its evaluation of the property as an island and denied the application based on specific language that the League helped draft into regulations governing “Access to Small Islands” back in 2006. In April, the DHEC board refused the applicant’s requested review of the decision, making the OCRM permit denial final.
In correspondence to the DHEC board, the applicant continues to maintain that the property is not an island and will likely appeal the permit denial in court. We will continue to work with neighboring residents and will respond appropriately to the applicant’s appeal. This is a full-circle victory for the Conservation League. League Program Director Nancy Vinson and former League Board Chair Will Cleveland worked with legislators and stakeholders to craft sensible regulations protecting small marsh islands, which contain some of the last, undisturbed maritime forest habitat on the coast. Eric Horan/www.southernlight.biz
Fripp Stops Bridge to Marsh Island
Our most colorful songbird – the painted bunting (Passerina ciris) – depends on marsh islands to survive.
A Regional Plan for Beaufort County A regional planning process has been initiated in Beaufort County to bring together county and municipal governments and citizens in planning for growth and development. Representatives of the local governments and planning commissions met and established common goals for land use, design and environmental standards. One goal is to establish urban growth boundaries for
municipalities in the northern portion of the county. In the southern portion of the county, efforts are being made to coordinate with neighboring Jasper County and the City of Hardeeville. The process has now moved into an implementation stage, directed toward promulgating intergovernmental agreements to formalize common positions. For northern Beaufort County, c o a s t a l c o ns e r v a t i o n l e a g u e
agreement hinges on common definitions of and commitments to uses and types of development for rural lands. Conservation League staff have been actively involved in following and encouraging better planning and environmental protections for these rural areas.
Planning Commission Consigns 701 Corridor to Suburban Sprawl
Plantersville Proposed Zoning Forest Agriculture (FA) Forest Agriculture/ Residential (FA/R)
Business as Usual
fter years of planning and months of meetings with residents and property owners, the Georgetown County Planning Commission has rejected rural preservation zoning and instead consigned much of the undeveloped land in the 701 corridor – from Plantersville to the Horry County line – to a density of one unit per one acre, according to the recommendations of its planning staff. Such a plan could result in 11,000 new homes in Plantersville and the surrounding area. The Coastal Conservation League and local residents have been recommending to the Planning Commission rural zoning of one unit per 10 to 15 acres for undeveloped timber and agricultural lands, similar to successful rural zoning densities on some of the sea islands near Charleston (see story on pages 8-9). At stake are more than 100,000 acres of forest and farm lands in western Georgetown County, many of which are being sold off for development by private timber companies. “We need an enlightened zoning strategy that protects historic communities like Plantersville from the threat of large-scale development; a plan that preserves our rivers, historic landscape, and rural way of life,” says League North Coast Director Nancy Cave. “It’s good for business and good for the environment. “Instead, we are left with business as usual – suburban sprawl. We are all too familiar with the outcomes of this scenario – higher taxes to pay for the additional services these new homes will require, increased traffic congestion, degraded water quality, and a diminished quality of life.”
Georgetown County Council has passed a Plantersville Zoning Ordinance that establishes rural zoning of timber and farm lands – designated as “Forest Agriculture” (FA) or "Forest Agriculture/ Residential” (FA/R) – at one unit per acre.
Zoning for Zoning’s Sake Georgetown County planners justified suburban zoning for Plantersville by stating that their objective was to “create areas of development that are well planned and attractive, with consistent development standards.” The Planning Commission aims to present a proposal to County Council for zoning of every unzoned area of the county by mid-summer, particularly in anticipation of a 701 Connector bridging the Waccamaw River and connecting the Grand Strand to the northern section of the county. c o a s t a l c o ns e r v a t i o n l e a g u e
(The Conservation League has opposed a 701 Connector for the past 10 years and will continue to do so.) Other areas to be zoned include the Hwy. 521 corridor between Georgetown and Andrews, the Black River corridor, the Pleasant Hill and Pee Dee communities, the southern part of Lamberttown, and the Santee River area. Planning Director Boyd Johnson told the Georgetown Times: “We have been directed by County Council to zone the rest of the county. We will zone one area every 30 days.” Stay tuned.
Economics of Coal Plant Don’t Add Up New Conservation League Study Refutes Santee Cooper Claims
Earlier this year, the Coastal Conservation League commissioned a study of the impacts of the proposed Santee Cooper coal plant on employment and economic development in the nine-county North Eastern Strategic Alliance (NESA) area. NESA is a public/private initiative to promote economic development in the Pee Dee region. NESA and its past and present chairmen, Senator Hugh Leatherman and Senator Yancey McGill, are promoting the coal plant as necessary for the region and state. Scott Moore, President of Moore Data LLC, prepared the new analysis, which was a response to an economic study released in December 2007 by Santee Cooper. The Santee Cooper
Rural Lands Threatened Suburban zoning and unnecessary roads and sewer lines threaten hundreds of thousands of timber and farm lands in Georgetown County.
study prepared by Francis Marion University professors, using Santee Cooper data, stated that the proposed plant would cost about $998 million to build and would inject $893 million into the South Carolina economy and create more than 9,000 jobs. The Conservation League’s study, Santee Cooper’s Kingsburg Coal-Fired Energy Plant: Analysis of Labor, Material and Construction Impacts, used thirdparty open data and painted a very different picture of the plant’s economic impacts. In short, the Moore study found that the plant will cost $1.35 billion; provide average yearly local employment of 228 direct jobs, and generate local investment of $432 million. The analysis was released by the Eastern Carolina Development Corporation (ECDC) at a press luncheon in Florence. More than 50 people and the media heard Rev. Leo Woodberry, Executive Director of ECDC, announce key findings of the study and discuss the plant’s implications to the African American community. Dr. Benetha
(l-r) Rev. Leo Woodberry and Rev. Michael McClain discuss key findings of a study on the Kingsburg coal plant.
George, a retired physician, spoke specifically on the health impacts of the proposed plant. The study commissioned by the League reported that 68% of the dollars spent on the power plant will go out-ofstate, and four out of five jobs will be filled by “non-local” workers, including a majority or most of the 112 or so permanent employees who will run the facility once it is built.
SELL: A Highway for Development
his summer, the South Carolina Department of Transportation (SCDOT) will issue the draft Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for the Southern Evacuation Life Line (SELL), formerly known as the 701 Connector or the Southern Conway Bypass. We expect this interstate-standard road to connect Hwy 17 at Holmestown Road in Horry County, cross the Waccamaw River and intersect with Hwy 701, and continue west to S.C. 22 and 501 – creating a loop around the Grand Strand and opening vast areas of western Horry and Georgetown Counties to development. The Conservation League hired Smart Mobility to analyze a worst case scenario c o a s t a l c o ns e r v a t i o n l e a g u e
to determine the need for SELL. Smart Mobility’s preliminary analysis shows that SELL will not significantly reduce evacuation times because SELL does not take people out of the area. It simply provides another route to westbound roads. We plan to release our findings to refute the necessity of the road and the data used by SCDOT in their EIS. There is no funding for SELL, so SCDOT and the politicians supporting it are scrambling to find money to finish the EIS. The Conservation League will continue to vigorously oppose (through legal channels and grassroots activism) what is essentially a developers’ road masquerading as a hurricane evacuation route.
Conservation Bank Funding Restored rior to the beginning of the 2008 General Assembly, Conservation League staff and the conservation community began advocating for additional funding for the S.C. Conservation Bank, since current funding levels for the bank were inadequate for the growing number of project requests. Our hard work paid off. For the first time since its inception, the House provided additional funding this year for the Conservation Bank. When the Senate began its budget deliberations, Conservation League staff continued their educational efforts to show the need for additional funding. However, an alarmingly low mid-year fiscal projection by the Board of Economic Advisors required the Senate Finance Committee to slice an additional $130 million from its 2008-2009 budget, and unfortunately
the Conservation Bank's additional $1 million appropriation had to be eliminated. In addition, these major cuts to state agencies put the bank’s base funding in jeopardy of being diverted to other state needs, since its enacting legislation required all Conservation Bank funding to cease in years that the state has severe budget shortfalls. After we talked with the leadership in the Senate and explained the impact this would have on the program, we were able to get unanimous agreement to pass a budget proviso that would suspend the law this year. Finally, to ensure the bank’s base funding will not be at risk in future years, Sen. Chip Campsen (R-Berkeley/ Charleston) and 25 Senators sponsored a bill, S.1302, to permanently eliminate this harmful language from the law.
Green Building Makes Sense – Beezer Molten, owner of the Half-Moon Outfitters stores, shows how he transformed a former grocery store into a “green” distribution center in North Charleston. A model for energy conservation, the building is South Carolina’s first to achieve the highest LEED Platinum rating.
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Legislature 2008 Meet, Greet
102 citizen lobbyists called on the State House at the 5th Annual Conservation Lobby Day. Nancy Cregg
Volunteer lobbyists outnumbered paid on the Fifth Annual Conservation Lobby Day held in Columbia on April 29th. Senators Glenn McConnell and Chip Campsen and other speakers briefed the enthusiastic crowd gathered at the Columbia Museum before they headed over to the State House “lobby” that divides the chambers of the House and the Senate.
More than 100 citizen lobbyists converge on the State House
Certified South Carolina . . . It’s to Dine for!
South Carolina Grown is Good Certified organic farmer Azeez Mustafa (right), of Sumter, serves up greens and fresh local produce.
Nothing could be finer than fresh, wild-caught Lowcountry oysters.
Throughout the day, these 102 citizen lobbyists called on their legislators to express support for such initiatives as energy efficiency, annexation reform, water withdrawal permitting, and Conservation Bank funding. Afterwards, numerous legislators joined the conservation lobbyists for a reception and oyster roast at the historic Seibels House. The party featured South Carolina homegrown bar-b-que and ribs from the Midlands, wild Lowcountry oysters, and an array of fresh vegetables and produce from local growers.
Energy Bills Move Forward
• S. 1140 establishes energy efficiency and renewable energy goals for state government and directs our state’s agencies In conjunction with the Electric to procure energy efficient products. Cooperatives, Santee Cooper and the • S. 1141 eliminates state sales tax and investor-owned utilities, the Conservation provides a $750 tax credit for the League worked with Sen. Glenn McConnell purchase of ENERGY STAR certified (R-Charleston) and Rep. Phil Lowe (R manufactured homes through 2019. Florence) to introduce a package of energy • S. 1143 provides consumers a sales efficiency bills. These bills will go a long way tax holiday for the purchase of certain to help South Carolinians conserve energy ENERGY STAR products, including and support the use of renewable energy dishwashers, clothes washers, air resources in our state: conditioners, ceiling fans, fluorescent c o a s t a l c o ns e r v a t i o n l e a g u e
light bulbs, dehumidifiers, programmable thermostats, refrigerators, doors, windows and certain propane and electric water heaters. • S. 1076 creates a new nonprofit agency to provide financial assistance to low income households for energy efficiency improvements. • H. 4766 requires that state agencies reduce their energy consumption 20% by 2020 and encourages the procurement of energy efficient products.
Redefining Progress At age 73, William “Bill” Saunders reflects on sea island life Virginia Beach
Poetry for the Planet
(l-r) Charleston poets Barbara Hagerty, Brian Pemberthy, Vicki Matsus and Curt Lamkin celebrate International Earth Day with the Sophia Institute.
Bulls Island Forever – League
members explore Bulls Island with Coastal Expeditions and New York Times bestselling author Dorothea Benton Frank.
Book Party – Author and League board member Dottie Frank signs copies of her new book Bulls Island at a Conservation League book release party.
Bill Saunders stands beside photos of his children and grandchildren.
ill Saunders was born in New York in 1935, but was raised by his grandparents on John’s Island along River Road, among a large extended family. Named last fall by Charleston Magazine as one of Charleston’s 100 most influential people, Bill was educated at Mt. Zion School and Laing High School, and worshipped at the historic Moving Star Hall. Today, he remains an active resident of John’s Island and a leader in his church, Wesley United Methodist. He is married to Henrietta J. Saunders and has ten children. At age 16, Bill left South Carolina to join the Army. He was wounded fighting in the Korean War and in 1954 received an Honorable Discharge as a Staff Sergeant. It was not until 50 years later that Bill was awarded the Purple Heart for his service. He returned to the United States and suddenly felt like a foreigner. “I had fought for freedoms in Korea that were denied to me in my own country,” recalls Bill. Growing up on John’s Island in the 1930s and 40s, he had lived within a close-knit black community that was isolated from the rest of the world. While his world was separate and decidedly unequal, according to Bill, African Americans on John’s Island enjoyed a measure of independence and self sufficiency. “While we were poor and denied all kinds of rights,” he explains, “we had a relatively good life, owning and working the land, building our own houses, growing our own food, and enjoying access to the waters and woods for fishing and hunting.” But at age 19, Bill quickly realized that he needed a good education to get ahead, a commodity not readily available to a young black man in South Carolina in 1954. Nevertheless, two
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Beauty of the Broad – League members kayak the Broad River with
American Rivers Regional Director Gerrit Jobsis to see the new fishway and the rare rocky-shoals spiderlilies in bloom.
Heritage Farming in Sumter County – (l-r) Farmer Azeez Mustafa, Alan Moore of Lowcountry Local First, and Amanda McNulty of ETV’s “Making It Grow!” at the Mustafa farm in Horatio, S.C. during a Conservation League field trip. Nancy Cregg
years later, Bill earned a diploma from Laing High School and became a member of the Progressive Club, a school and community center founded by Esau Jenkins on John’s Island. “Esau Jenkins was brilliant,” says Bill. “He had a cadre of older people working with him and was constantly bringing along young people as well. I was lucky enough to be one of them.” Bill had learned to type in the Army and continued to read widely and pursue continuing education courses. Eventually he became Business Manager of the Progressive Club. From there, Bill went on to “a lifetime of serving.” In 1969, he was called on to aid in the negotiations to end the Charleston hospital workers strike, which led to the founding of the Committee on Better Racial Assurance (COBRA), for which he serves as CEO to this day. In 1970, Bill bought part of WPAL radio station and helped transform it into a voice for the black community. He has also served as Chairman of the S.C. Public Service Commission, Chairman of the Charleston County Democratic Party, and as a Commissioner for the Gullah-Geechee Cultural Heritage Corridor. Today, in addition to his ongoing duties as CEO of COBRA and his countless volunteer commitments, Bill is intensely focused on working with the white and black communities of John’s Island to try and keep their lands and way of life. “The original white families are losing their land as fast as the blacks,” says Bill, who has teamed up with farmer Thomas Legare and the Coastal Conservation League to oppose major infrastructure expansion on the island that will fuel new sprawling development. “If I-526 is built and Maybank Highway is made five lanes, I believe that the original people from John’s Island have about 30 years there, ” Bill explains. “We thank the Conservation League for helping us and accepting criticisms they are receiving for their involvement. We will bring everyone together who remembers when we were truly free on John’s and Wadmalaw Islands; when we had access to the water and the woods; when the only barrier was race and one could work around the race issue most of the time . . .”
Historic McClellanville – Photographer Vennie Deas Moore (left) and author William Baldwin led League members on a tour of their hometown of McClellanville, an historic fishing village that now supports a growing arts community.
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Continued... organic certification and founded a cooperative farm association, Sumter Cooperative Farms. Since then, 11 farmers have joined the organization, and most of them are pursuing the sustainable, organic farming practices that have made the Mustafa farm so successful. They pool resources and generate networks to promote locally grown – and therefore locally owned – meat, poultry, and produce. “There are a lot of subsidies handed out to big conventional farming
continued from page 7
The Zoning Factor
continued from page 9
In other parts of the Lowcountry, no such rural zoning exists to save or preserve land for the purposes of farming. For example, Dorchester County – the fastest growing county in South Carolina – lacks any kind of zoning on more than two-thirds of its land area. The same holds true for Jasper County and roughly 400,000 acres of rural lands in Georgetown County. In response, the Conservation League is actively working with citizens and community leaders
The Infrastructure Factor
come back with testimonials of how much they like the food and how they are benefiting health-wise.” Azeez and Fathiyyah believe in the ability of both producers and consumers to make their world a better place through modest but important changes in a basic but essential human activity: growing and eating food. How is business? Like their food, it’s growing. In 2003, Azeez sought official
operations,” says Azeez. “We don’t want or need subsidies, but our state should take an interest in helping to promote local food producers. We’re not just good for the environment, we’re good for the economy.” [reprinted from the South Carolina Conservation Briefing Book 2008, published by the Conservation Voters of South Carolina Education Fund, January 2008]
continued from page 9
engaged in comprehensive planning for Georgetown County, Beaufort and Jasper counties, and Berkeley, Dorchester and Charleston counties. The first step is to define what is rural and then to enact zoning safeguards that will protect the right to farm and save enough rural land to provide food and opportunity for future generations.
should not go. The Conservation League and its partners, with the leadership of Rep. Ben Hagood (RCharleston), successfully won passage of a state Priority Investment Area (PIA) law last year that will finally bring sewer and water providers and road building programs into the planning process. Citizens must insist that water, sewer and road expansion be included in each county’s comprehensive plan and not be allowed to propel sprawl indiscriminately into the countryside.
The Conservation Easement
he conservation easement is another vital tool in saving farmland. It differs fundamentally from zoning and infrastructure decisions, and yet provides a perfect complement. A conservation easement is essentially a private contract in which a landowner voluntarily agrees to give up certain rights associated with land ownership. For example, an easement may limit the right to subdivide a 100-acre parcel to only four lots, even though the zoning allows 100 lots. In some cases, an easement may reduce the market
value of land, hence lower property taxes. By donating the easement to a non-profit land trust, like The Nature Conservancy or the Lowcountry Open Land Trust, the landowner has made a charitable contribution which, like other charitable contributions, may reduce his income tax. There are other financial benefits associated with conservation easements including reduced estate taxes and, in South Carolina, tax credits that further reduce state income tax. South Carolina ranks fourth in the nation in the amount of land protected by conservation easements. South c o a s t a l c o ns e r v a t i o n l e a g u e
Carolina’s experience over the past twenty years proves that good public planning, including strong zoning and sound infrastructure policies, reinforces landowner decisions to donate or sell easements. Wadmalaw Island, for example, passed the state’s first strong rural zoning code in 1988. Today more than 30 easements protect approximately onefifth of the sea island, and landowners who have committed their property to permanent protection are typically vigorous and effective proponents of sound planning.
Thank You! Contributions Received from May 1, 2007 - April 30, 2008
The Coastal Conservation League works very hard to ensure that all donor names are listed correctly; however, occasional mistakes do occur. Please contact the Development Office at (843) 723-8035, ext. 1103 with any questions or corrections.
Anonymous (3) Penny and Bill Agnew American Rivers, Inc. Anthony and Linda Bakker The William Bingham Foundation Frances P. Bunnelle Foundation Butler Conservation Fund, Inc. Charlotte Caldwell and Jeffrey Schutz Mary Flagler Cary Charitable Trust Ceres Foundation, Inc. Mr. and Mrs. Charles B. Chitty Ms. Frances A. Close Mr. and Mrs. Jamie W. Constance Mr. Ted Dintersmith and Ms. Elizabeth Hazard Gaylord and Dorothy Donnelley Foundation Dr. and Mrs. Strachan Donnelley Robin Chandler Duke Mr. and Mrs. J. Henry Fair, Jr. James L. Ferguson The Festoon Foundation, Inc. Dorothea and Peter Frank Laura and Steve Gates Gildea Foundation
Godric Foundation Mr. and Mrs. Thomas C. Graham Mrs. Nancy D. Hawk Mr. Hank Holliday Holly H. Hook and Dennis A. Glaves Billie and Alan Houghton Mr. John R. Hunting Joanna Foundation Mr. and Mrs. Charles G. Lane Mr. Hugh C. Lane, Jr. Mills Bee Lane Foundation Ms. Bokara Legendre Lasca and Richard Lilly Mr. John T. Lupton Mr. T. Cartter Lupton II Lyndhurst Foundation Mr. and Mrs. W. Wallace McDowell, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Michael G. McShane Merck Family Fund Mertz Gilmore Foundation Charles Stewart Mott Foundation Ms. Justine J. Nathan The Osprey Foundation Mr. and Mrs. Howard Phipps, Jr. Steven and Barbara Rockefeller
Rockefeller Family Fund, Inc. Gillian and Peter Roy Mr. and Mrs. Klaus Said Jeffrey Schutz and Charlotte Caldwell Mrs. Anne Rivers Siddons and Mr. Heyward Siddons Ms. Dorothy D. Smith Libby Smith Fred and Alice Stanback, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Stuart Tenney H.L. Thompson, Jr. Family Foundation Mr. Daniel K. Thorne Daniel K. Thorne Foundation Gary and Mary Beth Thornhill Emily Hall Tremaine Foundation Turner Foundation, Inc. Mr. and Mrs. James C. Vardell III The Yawkey Foundation
$5,000 - $9,999
Anonymous (2) Banbury Fund, Inc. John and Jane Beach Virginia and Dana Beach Henry M. Blackmer Foundation, Inc. Mrs. Margaret N. Blackmer Ms. Margaret P. Blackmer Mr. and Mrs. William C. Cleveland Mr. and Mrs. Richard E. Coen Mr. and Mrs. Stephen Colbert Mr. and Mrs. Edwin H. Cooper III Dr. and Mrs. Robert W. Cowgill Mrs. Margaret M. Davis Ms. Carol B. Ervin Nancy and Larry Fuller Mr. and Mrs. E. Stack Gately Mr. and Mrs. S. Parker Gilbert Dr. and Mrs. Richard C. Hagerty Mr. and Mrs. Richard T. Hale Half-Moon Outfitters Linda Ketner and Beth Huntley Mrs. Harriet Keyserling Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Laco Mr. and Mrs. John E. Masaschi Mr. and Mrs. Irenee duPont May Mr. and Mrs. Charles Meier Mrs. William Moredock Mr. and Mrs. Jonathan G. Verity Henry and Sylvia Yaschik Foundation, Inc. Ziff Properties Charleston
COASTAL LEGACY SOCIETY The Coastal Legacy Society honors those who have provided for the Coastal Conservation League through their wills or estate plans. By making a gift to the Coastal Legacy Society, you will join this group of extraordinary individuals in their commitment to protect the Lowcountry for generations. If you are interested in finding out more about naming the Coastal Conservation League in your will or estate plans, please contact Development Director Tish Lynn at (843) 725-2065. Anonymous (1) Ethel-Jane Westfeldt Bunting Russell and Judith Burns Charlotte Caldwell Mr. and Mrs. Robert E. Coffee, Jr. Ms. Marcia Curtis Howard Drew Carol B. Ervin Dr. Annette G. Godow Miss Florence E. Goodwin Mr. and Mrs. Jon P. Liles Dr. Thomas R. Mather Miles F. McSweeney Ellen and Mayo Read Mr. and Mrs. John J. Tecklenburg Janis Hammett-Wegman and Charles Wegman
$2,000 - $4,999
Anonymous (1) Mr. J. Marshall Allen Mr. and Mrs. William R. Barrett, Jr. Mr. J. Anderson Berly III Mr. and Mrs. C. Austin Buck Mr. and Mrs. James J. Chaffin, Jr. Mrs. Mary C. Cutler Mr. and Mrs. Richard M. Cutler, Jr. Mrs. Mary C. Everts
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Mr. and Mrs. George P. Johnston Dr. and Mrs. Todd P. Joye Mr. and Mrs. John Philip Kassebaum Ms. Nunally Kersh and Mr. Robert Stehling Mr. and Mrs. W. J. Leath, Jr. Charlie and Sally Lee Dr. Suzanne Lindsay and Mr. Bruce Lindsay The Suzanne and Bruce Lindsay Charitable Foundation Tish Lynn Mr. and Mrs. John C. Maize, Jr. Dr. and Mrs. G. Alex Marsh III Dr. and Mrs. Thomas R. Mather Mrs. John L. McCormick Mr. and Mrs. Jeremiah Milbank III Mr. and Mrs. James O. Mills Mrs. Alexander Moore Mr. Guy Paschal Charles and Celeste Patrick Mr. and Mrs. David Paynter Mrs. Joan C. Pittman Price R. and Flora A. Reid Foundation Grace Jones Richardson Trust Mr. John M. Rivers, Jr. John M. Rivers, Jr. Foundation Mr. and Mrs. James B. Rothnie, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Charles Schaller Mr. H. Del Schutte, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. T. Grange Simons V Mr. Matt Sloan Charles and Jo Summerall Mr. and Mrs. Jacques S. Theriot Mr. Robert L. Underwood Mr. and Mrs. Loren Ziff Mr. and Mrs. Stephen J. Ziff
$1,000 - $1,999
Live Oak Society
Anonymous (2) Mr. and Mrs. Dennis A. Avery Bamboosa Mr. Arthur L. Baron The Arthur L. and Marcia S. Baron Fund of the Ayco Charitable Foundation Mr. Randy Bates Edward and Adelaida Bennett Mr. L. Russell Bennett Elizabeth Calvin Bonner Foundation Dr. Eloise Bradham and Dr. Mark George The Brumley Family Foundation Trust Ms. Amy Bunting Ethel-Jane Westfeldt Bunting Foundation Bob and Cris Cain Mr. Hacker Caldwell Mr. and Mrs. Charles A. Carson, Jr. Nancy and Billy Cave Mr. Anthony Cecil Mr. Elliott S. Close Coastal Expeditions Mr. and Mrs. James Coker Mr. and Mrs. Edward E. Crawford Nancy and Steve Cregg
Thank You! Dr. Robert Payne and Mrs. Elizabeth Thomas Mr. J. Randolph Pelzer Dr. Leslie H. Pelzer Plantation Services, Inc. Mr. and Mrs. Ron C. Plunkett Mr. and Mrs. Michael B. Prevost Robert and Rachel Prioleau Mrs. Charles D. Ravenel Mr. and Mrs. S. Kim Reed Reliance Financial Corporation Dr. Georgia C. Roane Mr. and Mrs. David W. Robinson David W. and Susan G. Robinson Foundation Bob Rymer and Catherine Anne Walsh SCANA Services, Inc. Mr. and Mrs. M. W. Schenck Mr. Lee Schepps and Ms. Barbara Cottrell Southern States Educational Foundation Inc. James Gustave Speth Fund for the Environment of the Open Space Institute, Inc. Mr. and Mrs. David L. Stern Mr. and Mrs. Louis E. Storen Mr. and Mrs. Richard Sturgis William and Shanna Sullivan Mr. and Mrs. Jan S. Suwinski Mr. and Mrs. Charles H. Symington, Jr. Mr. Mark C. Tanenbaum Tom Uffelman and Patty Bennett Mr. and Mrs. Greg VanDerwerker Susan and Trenholm Walker Mr. G. David Waller Sally Webb Mr. Robert Ellis Welch, Jr. Ms. Sheila Wertimer and Mr. Gary Gruca Ms. Martha C. Worthy Mr. and Mrs. Charles L. Wyrick, Jr.
$500 - $999 Ms. Carrie Agnew Dr. and Mrs. Scott H. Allen Mr. David Lott and Ms. Helena Appleton Drs. T. Brantley and Penny Arnau Ms. Vivian D'Amato Asche Chuck and Betsy Baker The Barker Welfare Foundation Mrs. Ann R. Baruch Mr. and Mrs. Gifford Beaton Mrs. Charles Becker Mr. and Mrs. Philip J. Bergan Dr. and Mrs. William Black Blackbaud, Inc. Blackwater, LLC Mr. and Mrs. Thomas P. Blagden, Jr. Mr. Keith S. Brown Mr. William Campbell and Ms. Susan Hilfer Mr. and Mrs. William A. Chandler Dr. H. Paul Cooler Martha Craft-Essig Mr. Malcolm M. Crosland, Jr. Mr. Hal Currey and Ms. Margaret Schachte Mr. and Mrs. Kenneth P. Daniels Mrs. Palmer Davenport Mr. and Mrs. Emmett I. Davis, Jr. Curtis and Arianna Derrick Ms. Ann W. Dibble Mr. and Mrs. Peter B. Dodds Mr. D. Reid Ellis
Ms. Nina M. Fair Dr. and Mrs. Robert L. Fenning Fisher Recycling Alison and Arthur Geer Drs. Andrew Geer and Susan Moore Dr. and Mrs. Charles C. Geer Dr. Annette G. Godow Dr. and Mrs. Gene W. Grace Mr. and Mrs. Phil T. Griffin Mr. and Mrs. Roger E. Grigg Dr. Angela Halfacre Mr. Alvin Hammer Mr. and Mrs. Robert L. Hanlin Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Happe Dr. Kit M. Hargrove Mr. and Mrs. D. George Harris Mrs. Charlotte McCrady Hastie Whitney and Elizabeth Hatch Oliver R. Head, Jr. and Mary M. F. Head Fund of the Fidelity Charitable Gift Fund Mr. and Mrs. Bruce Hecker Mr. William J. Hennessy, Jr. Mr. Fred B. Herrmann Mr. Edwin Hettinger and Ms. Beverly Diamond Hilton Head Island Audubon Society Dixie W. Hinson Mr. William L. Hiott, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. John Adams Hodge Mr. J. W. F. Holliday Dr. Melanie A. Hopkins Mr. and Mrs. Peter M. Horlbeck Mr. and Mrs. Calvert W. Huffines Robert L. Huffines, Jr. Foundation, Inc. James and Page Hungerpiller Mr. Leroy Hutchinson and Ms. Julia Eichelberger Ms. Mary Pope M. Hutson Mr. and Mrs. Charles R. Jackson, Sr. Ms. Deanna Jackson Ms. May Jones Dr. and Mrs. Kenneth S. Kammer Keane and Company Mr. and Mrs. Marvin P. Kimmel Mrs. Dudley Knott Melissa and Michael Ladd Mr. Terrence C. Larimer Mr. and Mrs. Wood N. Lay Mr. and Mrs. Edward P. Leland Elizabeth C. Rivers Lewine Endowment Mr. and Mrs. Lanneau D. Lide Mr. and Mrs. Fred Lincoln Mrs. Walden E. Lown David Lyle and Anne Aaron-Lyle Magnolia Plantation Foundation Dr. and Mrs. John C. Maize Mrs. Patti Manigault Mr. Miles H. Martschink Dr. and Mrs. Brem Mayer Mr. and Mrs. Francis X. McCann Mrs. Frank M. McClain Dr. and Mrs. J. Stuart McDaniel Pat F. and Suzanne C. McGarity Ms. Christie McGregor Mr. and Mrs. Harry M. McHugh Mr. and Mrs. Dexter C. Mead The Nelson Mead Fund Charles and Lisa Menefee Mr. and Mrs. John A. Mills III
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Mr. and Mrs. John M. Mirsky Mr. James W. Mozley Mr. and Mrs. C. Lawrence Murphy Mr. Michael Murphy Dudley and Ann Myers Mrs. Thomas E. Myers Mr. and Mrs. Eric H. Nelson Mr. and Mrs. Frank W. Norvell Norvell Real Estate Group, LLC Dr. and Mrs. Alan I. Nussbaum Mr. and Ms. Robert M. Ogden III Dr. and Mrs. J. David Osguthorpe Mrs. Heather R. Osterfeld Mr. and Mrs. Coleman C. Owens Dr. and Mrs. B. Daniel Paysinger Mr. John E. Perry Ms. Patricia A. Pierce Mr. and Mrs. William E. Pitts III Ms. Cynthia Powell Mr. and Mrs. Ward Pritchett Mr. Frank W. Rambo Mr. and Mrs. Ernest L. Ransome III The Honorable Arthur Ravenel, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Dave Rosengren Mr. and Mrs. Cliff H. Rusch C.H. Rusch Fund of the Fidelity Charitable Gift Fund Dr. and Mrs. Mark H. Salley Mr. John Salvo Dickie and Mary Schweers Sea Biscuit CafĂŠ Dr. and Mrs. William M. Simpson, Jr. Mr. G. Dana Sinkler Mr. and Mrs. Huger Sinkler II Mr. and Mrs. Gary C. Smith Mr. and Mrs. Henry B. Smythe, Jr. Dr. and Mrs. J. Richard Sosnowski Dr. and Mrs. Mark C. Stamey Col. and Mrs. Walter C. Stanton Dr. and Mrs. James Stephenson Mr. and Mrs. Dave Stormer Mr. Landon K. Thorne III Mr. John H. Tiencken, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Clyde W. Timmons Mr. and Mrs. William B. Timms Mr. and Mrs. F. David Trickey Mr. and Mrs. Beekman Webb Mr. and Mrs. Charles Webb Dr. and Mrs. James D. Wells Mr. and Mrs. Frederick H. West Dr. William Westerkam and Ms. Kirsten Lackstrom Dr. Tad Whiteside Mrs. Betty C. Wiggins Dr. Dara H. Wilber Walda Wildman and Mack Maguire Mrs. Harriet P. Williams Ms. Margaret A. Williams Mr. and Mrs. John Winthrop Dr. Henry P. Worrell
Live Oak Society
Dr. and Mrs. Richard L. Cross Mr. and Mrs. Wade C. Crow Jane Tucker Dana and David D. Aufhauser Mr. R. Gordon Darby Mrs. Jane Blair Bunting Darnell Mrs. Emily Darnell-Nunez Ms. Rebecca R. Davenport The Arthur Vining Davis Foundations Dr. and Mrs. Thomas J. DeCaro Michael and Megan Desrosiers Mr. and Mrs. F. Reed Dulany, Jr. Ms. Margaret D. Fabri Mr. H. McDonald Felder Mr. and Mrs. Peter Feldman Mr. and Mrs. G. Scott Fennell Mr. and Mrs. George W. Fennell Dr. and Mrs. C. W. Fetter Dr. and Mrs. Gary E. Fink Dr. and Mrs. Philip A. Finley Rev. and Mrs. David Fort Diana K. and Lawrence T. Foster Charitable Foundation Mr. and Mrs. Lawrence T. Foster Mr. Robert W. Foster, Sr. Mr. and Mrs. Robert L. Freeman Mr. and Mrs. George W. Gephart, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Reginald L. Gibson Mr. and Mrs. Charles A. Gomulka Mr. Lincoln Groom Mrs. Marjorie T. Groom Mr. and Mrs. D. Maybank Hagood Mr. and Mrs. James M. Hagood Blair and Nancy Hahn Mr. and Mrs. Andrew L. Hawkins Mr. and Mrs. Richard K. Heusel Mr. and Mrs. John A. Hill Mr. and Mrs. R. Glenn Hilliard Mr. and Mrs. James H. Hoffman Mrs. Robert R. Huffman Holly Jensen and Marty Morganello Dr. William Kee Dr. and Mrs. John J. Keyser Mrs. Hugh C. Lane Scott and Gayle Lane Mr. Roy F. Laney Mr. and Mrs. Charles Larsen Dr. and Mrs. Richard M. Lawson Dr. and Mrs. Robert S. Leak Dr. Franklin Lee The Little-Reid Conservation Fund of the Vanguard Charitable Endowment Program Kathie Livingston Mr. and Mrs. William C. Lortz Mike and JoAnne Marcell Mr. and Mrs. Charles K. Marshall Mr. and Mrs. Joseph H. McGee Mr. and Mrs. Earl McMillen III John F. & Susan B. McNamara Fund of the Fidelity Charitable Gift Fund Mr. P.O. Mead III Kincaid and Allison Mills Mr. and Mrs. Edward C. Mitchell, Jr. The Moore Charitable Foundation Mr. Hugh C. Morrison Mr. and Mrs. M. Lane Morrison Mr. and Mrs. Alan A. Moses Mr. P. Sherrill Neff and Ms. Alicia Felton Mrs. Elizabeth B. O'Connor Ms. Elizabeth F. Orser
Thank You! NEW AND RENEWING MEMBERSHIPS February 1, 2008 â€“ April 30, 2008
Bank of South Carolina Mr. and Mrs. Robert J. Beattie Mr. and Mrs. Morris K. Deason The Debordieu Gardeners Mr. and Mrs. Elliott Dodds Mr. and Mrs. Ernest Ellison II Mr. and Mrs. W. T. Roberts Mr. and Mrs. David W. Robinson
ADVOCATE ($250 - $499)
Anonymous (1) Mr. John Allen Dr. Michal Baird and Mr. Jim Darlington Mrs. Laura D. Beck Dr. Richard L. Beck Mr. M. Tommy Bolus, Esq. Dr. P. Jeffrey Bower and Ms. Mignon Faget Ms. Ethel S. Brody Mr. and Mrs. Hardwick H. Burr Mr. and Mrs. Stephen Cofer-Shabica The Honorable and Mrs. John E. Courson Dr. and Mrs. Joel R. Cox Mr. and Mrs. Robert A. Creed Mrs. Louis Y. Dawson III Mr. and Mrs. James K. Dias Mr. and Mrs. Archibald Douglas III Mrs. Valerie Dove Edible South, Inc. Mr. and Mrs. Caleb C. Fort Ms. Elizabeth N. Gill Mr. and Mrs. Leonard A. Greene Ms. Katharine M. Hartley Senator and Mrs. Wes Hayes Mr. and Mrs. William H. Hays III Anna Kate and Hayne Hipp Mr. C. Bernard Hoefer Mr. and Mrs. David L. Huguenin Mr. and Mrs. Robert E. Johnson Mrs. Lisa Jones-Turansky The Honorable and Mrs. George C. Kosko Nora Kravec and Charles Cyr Chip and Coleman Legerton Mr. and Mrs. Ned Lesesne Mr. and Mrs. Jon P. Liles Timothy J. Lyons, M.D. Van and Catherine Marshall Mr. Fred J. Martschink III Roy Owen and Sue McClinton Mrs. Constance S. Parramore Dr. and Mrs. Richard M. Penny, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Pete Peterson Mr. Roger Pinckney Dr. and Mrs. Frederick E. Reed, Jr. Dr. and Mrs. Thomas P. R. Rivers Mr. and Mrs. Alexander M. Sanders, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Edwin F. Scheetz, Jr. Ms. Prudence Scott Mr. and Mrs. Edward M. Simmons, Jr Ms. Heather Spires Mr. and Mrs. Franklin H. Spivey David and Linda Summerall Drs. Christine and C. Murry Thompson, Jr. Sue and Ed Thoms Mr. and Mrs. Scott Tucker Mr. and Mrs. Jerry Voight Mr. and Mrs. John Waters Mr. and Mrs. Philip E. Waters Oscar and Amy Weinmeister and Family Dr. and Mrs. A. Weaver Whitehead, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. D. Mark Wilson Mr. and Mrs. Eric S. Zolman
CONTRIBUTOR ($100 - $249)
Anonymous (1) Ms. Kate B. Adams Bishop and Mrs. C. Fitzsimons Allison Mr. and Mrs. Brady Anderson Dr. and Mrs. William D. Anderson, Jr. Dr. and Mrs. Harold W. Askins, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Jack C. Baggette Rep. George H. Bailey Mrs. Mary L. Ballou Mr. Charles J. Bethea Mr. Jack Brantley Ms. P. Athena Brown Mr. and Mrs. Benjamin L. Bruner Ms. Brenda Burbage Mr. and Mrs. Moultrie B. Burns, Jr. Ms. Barbara H. Burwell Mr. and Mrs. McBee Butcher Ms. Paula W. Byers Ms. Margaret H. Carter Mr. Adrian J. Chanler Mr. and Mrs. David Clark Mr. and Mrs. Robert Clauhs Mr. and Mrs. Richard T. Cohen Ms. Dorothy Coley and Mr. Robert Cross Mr. and Mrs. William A. Collins, Jr. Ms. Carolyn Copeland Tina and Sam Currin Mr. and Mrs. James C. Davis Mr. and Mrs. Elliott Dodds Mr. Charles H. Drayton Mr. and Mrs. John S. Dreier Mr. and Mrs. Thomas E. Drew III Dwell Smart Mr. Charles H. Eastman Mr. and Mrs. Clarence M. Eidt, Jr. Dayna and Dick Elliott Mr. and Mrs. Charles J. Everett Mr. and Mrs. Richard J. Fishburn Mr. James Fitch Ms. and Mrs. Kermit P. Floyd, Jr. Dr. Timothy K. Gray Maj. Gen. and Mrs. James A. Grimsley, Jr. Babbie and Don Guscio Mr. Donald Gwinnup Mr. and Mrs. Paul R. Hadley Ms. Rosemary Hartnett Ms. Molli M. Hartzog Dr. Jim and Jackie Hill Mr. and Mrs. Bob P. Hosler Mr. and Mrs. Travis Howell Ms. Hillary Hutchinson Mr. and Mrs. George R. Johnson Col. and Mrs. Ernest H. Jones, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Gordon E. Jones Mr. Kevin Kelly Ms. Nancy M. Kreml Mr. and Mrs. Frank E. R. Lee Mr. and Mrs. James G. Leffel Gordon and Judy Levering Pamela Levi Mr. and Mrs. Richards C. Lewis, Jr. Ms. Ruth B. Lide Mr. and Mrs. Toney J. Lister Mr. and Mrs. Langdon D. Long Jessica Loring Ms. Patricia A. Luck Mr. and Mrs. Martin E. Lybecker Dr. and Mrs. Thomas P. Lynch Mr. and Mrs. Robert O. Maguire Mr. and Mrs. John R. Markel Mr. John T. McCarter
Mr. Ted McCormack Ms. Jamie Young McCulloch Tara McGrath and Doug Hatch Ms. Eileen Mary McGuffie Mr. and Mrs. James W. McIntire, Jr. John and Joanne Milkereit Mr. and Mrs. Donald C. Miller Angela and Howard Misthal Mrs. Emily C. Moise Mr. Warren Moise Mr. Rick C. Montague Mrs. and Mrs. Gertrude Muench Newkirk Environmental, Inc. Ms. Sis Nunnally Dr. and Mrs. F. B. O'Shields Mr. Churchill B. Pitts Mr. Graham Powell Mr. and Mrs. Wyatt Pringle, Jr. Mr. Frank Procaccini Mr. John L. Quigley, Jr. Dr. and Mrs. William M. Rambo, Jr. Ms. Cheryl Randall Mrs. Eva Ravenel Frances C. Rhett Mr. and Mrs. Marion M. Rice Katherine and Morris Roberts Mr. and Mrs. William A. Robinson, Jr. Mr. Leonard P. Rogers Mr. and Mrs. John E. Romanosky Dr. and Mrs. Steven Rosenzweig Mr. Legrand A. Rouse II Dr. and Mrs. Thomas C. Rowland, Jr. Mr. J. W. Rutter Mr. and Mrs. James T. Sampson Conway and Bart Saylor Mr. and Mrs. Walter F. Schlauch Mr. and Mrs. Louis A. Schmitt, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Stuart A. Sheldon Mr. and Mrs. David V. Shuckstes Mr. and Mrs. Richard G. Smith, Jr. South Carolina Forestry Association Mr. and Mrs. John C. Stevens III Mr. and Mrs. Marshall C. Stone, Jr. Mr. Glenn Storck and Ms. Susan Harrington Dr. and Mrs. Charles P. Summerall III Ms. Jennie G. Summerall Mr. William B. Talbert, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Arch W. Templeton Louis and Jane Theiling Mr. Eugene Vasilew Mr. and Mrs. Maurice K. Veronee Ms. Alice O. Walker Mr. and Mrs. Frank S. Walker Dr. Thomas Walle Mrs. Fayetta P. Weaver Mr. and Mrs. Alfred White Mr. and Mrs. Richard C. White Dr. Susan White and Mr. Brian Smith Mr. and Mrs. John R. Wierdsma Mr. Richard J. Williams, Jr. Rev. and Mrs. W. F. Wingard Dr. D. Reid Wiseman Ms. Patricia Wolman
SUPPORTER ($50 - $99) Anonymous (1) Ms. Margaret W. Abrams Mr. and Mrs. Stephen R. Austin Mr. and Mrs. Paul Avery Mr. and Mrs. Jason T. Ayers Mr. Michael Banyas Ms. Linda Beale
c o a s t a l c o ns e r v a t i o n l e a g u e
Dr. Colum Boyland and Dr. Deo Boyland Mr. and Mrs. William P. Bradley Dr. and Mrs. Joseph A. Brantley Mr. John Brice Stewart and Walter Bristow Mel and Jack Brown Mrs. Myrtle Brown Mr. and Mrs. Prescott H. Brownell Mr. and Mrs. Gary M. Cannon Mr. and Mrs. Samuel C. Carlton Mr. and Mrs. Henry M. Carter, Jr. Ms. Lynn C. Chiappone Ms. Margaret Cormack Mr. Woody Cox Ms. Elizabeth R. Crockett Mr. Beau Daen Miss Leigh Davidson Mr. Walter V. Duane Mr. and Mrs. David L. Duke Mr. Walter M. Dunlap Ms. Anne M. Edenton Dr. J. Terrence Farris Mrs. Ellen Forwalk Mr. Charles A. Fox Julie and Mark Frye Mr. William H. Frye Ms. Karen H. Gentry Mr. and Mrs. Donald A. Gibson Mr. and Mrs. Albert I. Grabb Mr. and Mrs. C. Scott Graber Mr. and Mrs. James A. Grimsley Mr. and Mrs. Walter C. Hansen, Jr. Mr. Roland T. Harper, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Charles H. Hill Lt. Col. and Mrs. Timothy L. Holt Mr. and Mrs. Perry D. Hubbard III Dr. and Mrs. R. C. Hunt Charlotte Hutson-Wrenn Ms. Bonnie L. Ideal Mrs. Evelyn S. Irwin Mr. and Mrs. Thomas A. James Mr. and Mrs. F. Alfred Jenkins Mrs. Ann R. Jennings Mr. and Mrs. J. Gwyn Jordan Mr. Philip H. Jos Mr. and Mrs. Albert H. Keller, Jr. Mr. Kurt W. Krucke Mr. and Mrs. Frank M. Larence Mr. Russell Lawton Dr. and Mrs. Gary Leonard Ms. Julianne Lewis Dr. Susan Libes Mr. and Mrs. Cisco Lindsey Mr. and Mrs. John M. Loftis Marilyn H. Long Mr. and Mrs. Danforth Loring Mrs. Ingrid Low Mr. and Mrs. C. E. Malphrus Ms. Pamela H. Marsh Mr. Mark J. Martin Mr. and Mrs. James E. McCoy Mr. and Mrs. Donald O. McDaniel Mrs. Elizabeth C. McLean Mr. John F. McLeod, Jr. Capt. Edmund B. McMahon Stephen Middour Mr. and Mrs. John P. Miller Dr. and Mrs. Marshall V. Miller Mr. Richard Moore and Ms. M. Robin Morris Mr. and Mrs. Robert D. Morton Mr. Joshua Mueller Mr. and Mrs. Michael Myers
If You're Not Following Us Online, You're Not Getting the Whole Story If you really want to know what's happening NOW, you need to go digital with the Coastal Conservation League. From breaking developments to urgent calls-for-action, our online outreach is a vital tool in keeping our membership and activists the best informed in the region. In addition to regular issue updates and important alerts, our email subscribers also receive notices about last-minute events and occasional surveys to help us improve the way we communicate. Our Web site, www.CoastalConservationLeague.org, is updated frequently with new and comprehensive information about all the issues we are working on. The Conservation League has also branched out beyond our primary Web site to include several issuespecific sites and our own pages on YouTube and Facebook. Take a minute, look at our site, sign up for emails, and see what you've been missing.
Lt. Col. and Mrs. George M. Neil Mr. Charles N. O'Quinn Mr. and Mrs. John D. Ohlandt Mrs. Hierome L. Opie Dr. Richard C. Osman Dr. Olivia C. Palmer Ms. Brenda E. Peters Mr. David L. Porter Mr. and Mrs. Tarrant Putnam Mrs. Alberta Quattlebaum Mr. and Mrs. James K. Rumrill Mr. and Mrs. Chester E. Sansbury Mr. and Mrs. Peter Saxon Mrs. Alice Anne S. Scarborough Mr. and Mrs. George Schneider Ms. Jane Senseney Mr. and Mrs. Arthur R. Smith Copley Smoak Mr. and Mrs. Melvin Solomon Mr. D. Paul Sommerville Dr. and Mrs. Luther M. Strayer III Col. and Mrs. George P. Summers Ms. Nan Swalm Mr. and Mrs. Harold Simmons Tate, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Alfredo Temelini Dr. and Mrs. Wm. Bonner Thomason Ms. Mareta Thompson and Mr. Phil Dillon Mr. and Mrs. R. E. Thorpe, Jr. Mr. John Tibbetts and Ms. Catherine Fahey Mr. J. David Utterback Mr. and Mrs. Richard A. Vogel Mr. and Mrs. Robert D. Wade Ms. Sadie B. Want Mrs. Elizabeth D. Watson Mr. Cecil Wayles Mr. Jack V. Webb Mrs. John S. Whaley Dr. and Mrs. John W. Wilson, Jr. Mrs. Johnnie L. Witt Allan and Anne Yard
REGULAR ($30 - $49) Anonymous (1) Mr. William H. Adams Mr. and Mrs. Charles Agee Mrs. Katie Baas
Heather A. Bainbridge Ms. Becky Banet Ms. Cheryl E. Baskins Mr. and Mrs. Douglas M. Berchem Dr. Nancy L. Bickford-Jordan Ms. Carol Padgett Black Ms. Janette L. Blackwood Ms. Holly H. Blair Kevin Blatchford Mr. and Mrs. Howard S. Bridgman Mr. and Mrs. Garrett J. Budds Mr. and Mrs. Walter C. Calhoun Mr. and Mrs. Tom Camp Ms. Karole T. Campbell Mr. and Mrs. William D. Chamberlain Mr. and Mrs. Robert A. Cheatham Mr. and Mrs. Tony Childers Mr. Brandon Clarke and Ms. Jane Stirling Mr. and Mrs. Edward F. Clauss Ruth M. Cobb Rev. Jacqueline A. Collins C. Michael Crossetti Mr. and Mrs. Kevin Crowe Ms. Barbara M. Currey Marianne Currie Ms. Nancy Johnson De Merell Martha and John Duggan Katherine Durant Fay Edge Mr. Dennis Ferguson Mr. Jim Finch Mr. Robert H. Folk Dr. Richard J. Friedman Mrs. Shirley M. Fry Dr. Jeff Glitzenstein Mrs. Leslie V. Goldsmith Mr. Jackson V. Gregory Dr. Jerrold R. Griggs Ms. Georganne L. Hairr Mr. and Mrs. Maurice E. Halsey Mrs. Ann Fripp Hampton Mr. Leo F. Hansberry Dr. and Mrs. Harlan G. Hawkins Mrs. Toni O. Hendrix Mr. A. Darrell Hickman Mr. and Mrs. J. Phillip Hodges, Jr.
Mrs. Mary F. Hollings Ms. Eva Horry Mr. and Mrs. Benjamin A. Hough Stephen Jacobs Mr. Jeremiah E. Jenkins Mr. and Mrs. Graeme H. Johnson Mr. and Mrs. Richard B. Johnson Mr. and Mrs. Walter R. Kaufmann Miss Rachael Kefalos Mr. and Mrs. Christopher K. Kennington Mr. Fred W. Kinard, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. John Kincaid, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Hugh B. King Ms. Joan Kinne Ms. Angelyn M. Ladue Ms. Rosie Leah Ms. Harriott C. Leland Dr. and Mrs. Paul Levy Ms. Patricia G. Lincoln Mr. Thomas Lipinski Mr. Samuel Logan Mr. James J. Lundy, Jr. Ms. Nancy Mann Mr. Randolph F. Martz Mr. and Mrs. Dennis McAlpine Mr. and Mrs. Stephen C. McArthur Mr. Randal G. McClure Mr. J.C. McElveen, Jr. Dr. and Mrs. Jack A. Meyer Mr. David Michael Mr. and Mrs. Robert R. Middleton Ms. Ellen Leigh Murray Sidney Murray Ms. Nancy D. Myers Ms. Anne E. Neely Mr. W. Graham Newman Susan O'Sullivan Mrs. Mary Lang G. Olson Dr. Artur Pacult Mr. Samuel P. Parker, Jr. Mary L. Patten Mr. and Mrs. Hunter R. Pettus, Jr. Ms. Janet D. Pickens Mr. James R. Poch Mrs. Mary Pringle Mrs. Sarah G. Pringle
c o a s t a l c o ns e r v a t i o n l e a g u e
Ms. Kathryn T. Putnam Mr. James Ragin Mr. and Mrs. Dwain C. Ray Mr. Henry A. Reisman Mrs. Laurel Rhoten Ms. Bryn O. Richard Ms. Lidia Richardson Mr. and Mrs. Arthur L. Rickenbaker, Jr. Lynne Riding Ms. Caren J. Ross Mr. and Mrs. Claude B. Rowe, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Robert W. Schuhmacher Mr. David E. Scott Mr. and Mrs. James M. Scott Mr. and Mrs. Robert Seibels Dr. Peter Silveston John and Regana Sisson Mr. David R. Smith Mr. Roderick E. Smith Southern Environmental Law Center, Inc. Ms. Elizabeth Stafford Mr. Paul Stavovy Ms. Yarley R. Steedly Ms. Aija R. Sterns Mrs. Patricia C. Stewart Veronica Stewart Mrs. Mary M. Storen Mr. Douglas Stratton Ms. Merike Tamm Dr. Elizabeth J. Tenore Mr. and Mrs. Edward W. Terrill Mr. William C. Twitty, P.E. Mr. Roger D. Van Horsen Mr. and Mrs. Robert Warden Mr. and Mrs. Jason Watkins Mr. Joe F. Watson Ms. Marian C. Winner Dr. and Mrs. Samuel M. Witherspoon
STUDENT ($15 - $29)
Mr. John R. Ackerman Mr. Jimmy Ardis Mr. and Mrs. Robert J. Beattie Ms. Vivian I. Bikulege Ms. Melissa Bimbi Mr. Jason Bird
Mr. Kurtis Bishop Brooks Blanchard Mr. Max Boettcher Mr. Braxton Brown Ms. Sandra C. Buchan Mr. Ward Buckheister Mr. Derek Buzhardt Ms. Julia B. Carter Diann Clark Mr. and Mrs. James Cleary Ms. Kelie Connor Mrs. John H. Cronly Cori J. Currier Ms. Bethany Edwards Ms. Beverly Foster Ms. Dawn Glasgow Mr. M. Guldenstein Ms. Katherine V. Gumps Mr. Zach Hartje Ms. Brittney Henderson Ms. Madison Hohman Mr. Allen B. Hutchison Mr. Mark Hutto
Mr. Christopher M. Ingalls Mr. Billy Ingram Mr. Harrison Johnson Mr. Joshua Lam Mr. Will Lindsey Mr. Andrew London Ms. Sarah Lookabill Mr. Chris Looney Mr. Christopher R. Louviere Ms. Katherine E. Luciano Ms. Emily McDonough Ms. Abby Meyer Ms. Liz Mihalik Ms. Kathryn R. Moore Ms. Emily W. Morrison Ms. Delancey Nelson Mr. Peter Newlin Mr. Michael Nuschke Mr. Timothy Pakron Mr. Aaron Petty Ms. Jessica Price Ms. Rachel Reinke Ms. Josephine Rex
Ms. Gwendolynn Richards Ms. Kathryn L. Rogers Mr. James Simonson Ms. Karen S. Stokes-Rhodes Mr. Michael Sutherland Ms. Katherine K. Taylor Mrs. Julie Teffeteller Ms. Alexandra Telk Ms. Ellen Towler Mr. William Tunstall Mrs. Nancy G. Tuten Mr. Zeke Tuten Mr. Peter S. Uzdavinis Dr. and Mrs. Jack M. Valpey Mr. Brian Vander Schauw Ms. Adrianna Varedi Ms. Elizabeth Vaughan Mr. Mitchell Warnick Jonathan Watson Ms. Elizabeth Wingfield
In Memory of Mrs. Fred Beck Mrs. Octavia M. Mahon
In Memory of Mr. John L. McCormick Penny and Bill Agnew Mr. and Mrs. Richard L. Childs Mr. and Mrs. John T. Crawford Mr. and Mrs. H. Laurance Fuller Mrs. John L. McCormick Mr. and Mrs. Gurdon B. Wattles
In Memory of Mrs. Wilbert Bernshouse Mrs. Octavia M. Mahon
In Memory of Mr. Thomas E. McCutchen Mrs. Octavia M. Mahon
In Memory of Mrs. Lottie Boykin Mrs. Octavia M. Mahon
In Memory of Mr. Frank Rhett, Jr. Admiral and Mrs. Charles S. Jervey
In Honor of Mr. and Mrs. Hugh Kerr Aiken Ms. Susan Aiken Morris
COMMUNITY FOUNDATIONS Central Carolina Community Foundation Dr. and Mrs. Richard M. Lawson Coastal Community Foundation of S.C. Amanda’s Fund Anonymous Fund William M. Bird & Co., Inc. Endowment The Colbert Family Fund Burney Fair Endowment Fund Houghton Fund The Ketner Fund Harriet and Herbert Keyserling Endowment Elizabeth C. Rivers Lewine Endowment Joseph H. & Evelyn M. McGee Fund Miller-Maginn Charitable Fund Joanne and Alan Moses Fund Joan Coulter Pittman Fund SC Green Fund Community Foundation of the Lowcountry, Inc. Martha C. Worthy Charitable Fund The Community Foundation of Western North Carolina Alexander and Laurinda Schenck Fund
IN KIND DONATIONS William Baldwin Chaco Dorothea Benton Frank Half-Moon Outfitters The History Press Billy McCord Progress Energy The Sophia Institute The Town of McClellanville Walden Books
In Memory of Mrs. Barnes Boyle Mrs. Octavia M. Mahon In Memory of Mr. Clark Bynum Mrs. Octavia M. Mahon
In Memory of Mr. Donald Dial Mrs. Octavia M. Mahon
ExxonMobil Foundation GlaxoSmithKline Foundation IBM International Foundation LandAmerica Foundation The Freddie Mac Foundation The Pfizer Foundation The UBS Foundation
In Honor of Ms. Catherine H. Forrester Ivy Garden Club
GIFTS OF MEMBERSHIP
Mr. Alan Myers-Davis for Miss Frances Montayne Dr. and Mrs. James Stephenson for Mr. Garrett Hamontree
In Honor of Dorothea Benton Frank The Women’s Association of Hilton Head Island In Celebration of Ms. Mary Gill Ms. Carolyn Tarpey In Memory of Ms. Paige Ethel Gilmer Norrie N. Cooper
Foundation for the Carolinas Carla and Alex Marsh III Foundation Fund
In Celebration of Mr. Donald Harper Mr. Miller Harper
The Greater Cincinnati Foundation Alexander and Jacqueline G. Moore Memorial Fund
In Memory of Mrs. Tillie Hill Mrs. Octavia M. Mahon
Middletown Community Foundation Peggy Wymond Verity Fund
In Honor of Mr. Bruce Kienke Mr. and Mrs. Charles A. Gomulka
The New York Community Trust The Bohemia Fund Feldman Family Fund
In Memory of Mr. Ian Marceau Nancy and Billy Cave In Memory of Mr. William F. Marscher Mr. and Mrs. Robert Warden
Pasadena Community Foundation Gay S. Huffman Fund The Pittsburgh Foundation F.E. Agnew Family Fund c o a s t a l c o ns e r v a t i o n l e a g u e
In Memory of Mr. Robert Rogers Dr. and Mrs. Kenneth S. Kammer In Memory of Mrs. Priscilla M. Schwartz Mrs. Octavia M. Mahon In Memory of Mr. Jeremy Stajich Mrs. Bonnie Combes In Honor of Dr. and Mrs. Edmund R. Taylor Mr. Robert W. Foster, Sr. In Memory of Mrs. Harriet D. Waller Mr. and Mrs. Todd Anderson Mr. and Mrs. Ted O. Bonds Mr. W. Wesley Devoto Mr. and Mrs. Doyet A. Early Shannon and Laura Ericson Kathleen L. Fell Mr. and Mrs. Charles Gore Mr. and Mrs. Daniel F. Herrell Mr. and Mrs. David E. Howell Mr. and Mrs. James J. Jowers, Sr. Daniel and Danette McAlhaney Mr. and Mrs. Mark Mills Mr. and Mrs. Jim Norris Mr. and Mrs. Charles E. Redman Mr. and Mrs. Philip R. Russ Mr. and Mrs. Thomas C. Seckman Mr. and Mrs. Dan Stack Ms. Evelyn A. Tomlinson In Memory of Mrs. Grace White Mrs. Octavia M. Mahon
Vanishing Landscapes – May 22nd through August 8th
photos by Brian Barrie
Visit the City Gallery at Waterfront Park in Charleston this summer to view the compelling Piccolo Spoleto juried art exhibit, Vanishing Landscapes. Curated by Dr. Mokhless Al-Hariri and his co-curator Maria Midani, and sponsored by Charleston’s Office of Cultural Affairs and the Coastal Conservation League, the competition received close to 300 submissions by more than 140 artists. The City Gallery at Waterfront Park is located at 34 Prioleau St. in downtown Charleston and is open Tuesday-Friday, 11am – 6pm and Saturdays and Sundays, 12 pm - 5 pm. Admission is free and open to “Scorched Earth,” oil painting on canvas the public. by Carol McGill – winner of Mayor’s Award.
Scenes from the opening party.
The mission of the Coastal Conservation League is to protect the natural environment of the South Carolina coastal plain and to enhance the quality of life of our communities by working with individuals, businesses and government to ensure balanced solutions.
Wednesdays at the Waterfront
For more information: Contact Nancy Cregg at firstname.lastname@example.org or 843-723-9895, or visit our Web site at www.CoastalConservationLeague.org.
Charleston, S.C. 29402-1765
P.O. Box 1765
Summer Lecture Series Highlights Art and Conservation oin us each Wednesday beginning July 2nd through August 6th at 11:00am for a presentation by one of the selected artists for the 2008 Piccolo Spoleto juried art exhibition, Vanishing Landscapes, at the City Gallery at Waterfront Park in Charleston. Each artist will discuss their work, joined by a Coastal Conservation League staff member, who will present the relevant environmental issue and provide important context in which to view this challenging exhibit.
For more information about the Coastal Conservation League, check out our Web site at www.CoastalConservationLeague.org
provided by artist
Art Exhibit & Lecture Series