CNG Feature Auction 112 Virtual Catalog

Page 1

CNG Auction 112 Closing Wednesday, September 11, 2019

CNG Classical Numismatic Group, LLC



CNG Auction 112 Closing Electronically on Wednesday, September 11, 2019 from 10AM (ET)

Bids submitted by mail, phone, fax, and email accepted until Tuesday, September 10, 2019 at 5PM (ET) Featuring: Selections of Greek, Roman, and British Coinage from the Matthew J. Curtis Collection Greek Coins from the Baldwin Maull and John L. Cowan Collections An Extensive Offering of Tarentine Silver Pedigreed Naxos Tetradrachm Greek Electrum from the Siren Collection Kroisos Prototype Stater High Grade Double Dinar of Vima Kadphises An Offering of Rare Sasanian Gold Dinars Further Selections from the Michel Prieur Collection of Syro-Phoenician Silver Coinage Roman Republican Coins from the Andrew McCabe Collection A Diverse Selection of Roman Imperial Gold Superb Pedigreed Constantine I Tricennalia Solidus AH 132 Dinar of Marwan II – Key Last Year of the Umayyad Series Earliest Dated Taler – 1486 Sigismund of Austria Further Selections from the G.W.K. Roberts Collection of British Milled Coinage

CNG Classical Numismatic Group, LLC

United States Office:

United Kingdom Office:

PO Box 479, Lancaster, PA 17608-0479, U.S.A. Tel: (717) 390-9194 Fax: (717) 390-9978

20 Bloomsbury Street, London WC1B 3QA, U.K. Tel: +44 (20) 7495 1888 Fax: +44 (20) 7499 5916

Email: cng@cngcoins.com

Website: www.cngcoins.com


Grading Conditions English

Proof Mint State/Uncirculated Extremely Fine (EF) Very Fine (VF) Fine Good/Fair

Deutsch

Français

Polierte Platte Stempelglanz Vorzüglich Sehr Schön Schön Gut

Flan Bruni Fleur de Coin Superbe Très Beau Beau Bien

Italiano

Fondo Specchio Fior di Conio Splendido Bellissimo Molto Bello Bello

Common Abbreviations

AD Anno Domini BE Bithynio-Pontic Era IY Indictional Year Æ Bronze BI Billon MBS Mail Bid Sale AE Actian Era CE Common Era mm Mintmark AH Anno Hegirae Cf. Confer (compare) PB Lead AR Silver c/m Countermark p. Page AV Gold CY Civic Year (Era) pl. Plate BBS Buy or Bid Sale EL Electrum RPE Roman Provincial Era BC Before Christ FPL Fixed Price List RY Regnal Year BCE Before the Common Era g Gram SE Seleukid Era See Bibliography on our website, www.cngcoins.com, for a complete list of reference abbreviations.

Bank Accounts Beneficiary: Classical Numismatic Group, LLC US$ Account:

€ Account:

PNC Bank, N.A. 249 Fifth Ave., Pittsburgh PA 15222 Account Number: 5005069595 ABA Number: 031000053 BIC or SWIFT: PNCCUS33

£ Account:

HSBC Bank plc 60 Queen Victoria Street, London EC4N 4TR Account Number: 84309198 Sort code: 40 12 76 IBAN: GB82HBUK40127684309198

HSBC Bank plc 60 Queen Victoria Street, London EC4N 4TR Account Number: 71170910 Sort code: 40 11 60 IBAN: GB45HBUK40116071170910

BIC or SWIFT: HBUKGB4B BIC or SWIFT: HBUKGB4B

Classical Numismatic Group, LLC is a United States limited company. United Kingdom Registration No. FC035702, Branch No. BR020787. All lots in this auction were in the possession of CNG in CNG’s Lancaster, Pennsylvania office no later than 12 July 2019. This information is provided for the protection of buyers in the event that US import restrictions are introduced subsequent to that date on any of the types of coins and antiquities that are included in this auction.

Notice Regarding “Slabs”

Coins that have been encapsulated (“slabbed”) by a grading and/or authentication service may not be returned for any reason, including authenticity, if they have been removed from the encapsulation (“slab”). 2


AUCTION TERMS on behalf of all electronic bidders. Subject to reserves and opening prices, all electronic bids will be executed by the electronic software at one bidding increment (approximately 10%) over the next highest bid. All written, fax, email and phone bids received before 5PM the day prior to the sale date will be uploaded to the CNG website no later than the day prior to the sale date. These bids will not be subject to the minimum required bid cited on the website at the time of the upload. Any written, fax, email and phone bids received after the deadline or with special instructions will be executed at CNG’s complete discretion and will be subject to the next bid required by the website. In the case of identical written, fax, email and phone bids, the earliest bid received wins. An electronic bid has priority over any identical written, fax, email or phone bid. Bid by lot number. No lot will be broken. Bidders are responsible for errors in bidding. Check your bids carefully. Electronic bidders may check their bids under User Services at www.cngcoins.com.

This is an internet/mail bid sale with an automated electronic close, conducted by Classical Numismatic Group, LLC (CNG). Bidding in the auction constitutes acceptance of the following terms: 1. The property listed in this catalogue is offered for sale by CNG for itself and as agent for various owners and other consignors. We reserve the right to reject any bid, to determine the opening price, to set bidding increments, to vary the order of the auction, to reopen bidding in the case of a dispute, to withdraw any lot, to bid on behalf of CNG, to bid on behalf of the consignor, and to permit the consignor to bid on his own lots. CNG may loan or advance money to consignors or prospective bidders, and may have an interest other than commission charges in any lot. CNG may bid on its own account as an “insider” with information not available to the public. 2. Lots will be sold in the order listed in the catalogue. The first lot will close electronically at www.cngcoins.com in the morning Eastern Time on the sale date, with subsequent lots closing every 20 seconds thereafter. All written, fax, email and phone bids must be received by 5PM Eastern Time, on the day prior to the sale date. Electronic bids may be placed by approved bidders up until the closing time of each lot. The electronic clock on the website represents the official closing time for each lot. Bidders intending to bid electronically must first register at www.cngcoins.com. New website registrations are processed for approval Monday through Friday 9AM-5PM Eastern Time only. No new registrations will be approved on the sale date.

8. A word on Reserves. CNG may place a reserve on any lot. However, no reserve will be higher than the estimate, and ordinarily lots are reserved at 60% of estimate. 9. Bidders personally guarantee payment for their successful bids, including bidders executing commission bids from other parties and bidders representing corporations or other entities. Buyers accepting commission bids from other parties do so at their own risk and remain responsible for payment under these Auction Terms. 10. In the event a successful bidder fails to make full payment within 30 days of the auction date, CNG reserves the right to deem the sale incomplete and to resell the material, and the bidder agrees to pay for the reasonable cost of such a sale and also to pay any difference between the resale price and the previously successful bid. CNG reserves all rights that it is entitled to under the Pennsylvania Uniform Commercial Code, including the right to offset any sums due from a successful bidder against any future consignment or purchase or monies or goods in possession of CNG.

3. A 22.5% Buyer’s Fee will be added to the hammer price of all successful written, fax, email and phone bids. A 20% Buyer’s Fee will be added to the hammer price of all successful electronic bids directly placed on www. cngcoins.com. 4. All coins are guaranteed genuine. Attribution, date, condition and other descriptions are the opinion of the cataloguer, and no warranty is expressed or implied. Please note that an auction sale is not an approval sale. Lots examined prior to the sale and lots purchased by floor bidders (including bidders executing commission bids on behalf of other parties) may not be returned for any reason except lack of authenticity. All claims of misdescription and all claims of return, except claims regarding authenticity, must be made within 5 days of receipt of material. Any claim of lack of authenticity must be made in writing by the original purchaser immediately after discovery that an item is not authentic, and upon making such a claim the original purchaser must immediately return the lot to CNG in the same condition as at the time of the auction. Coins that have been encapsulated (“slabbed”) by a grading and/or authentication service may not be returned for any reason, including authenticity, if they have been removed from the encapsulation (“slab”). If payment is made by credit card, rights of return are governed by these Auction Terms which supersede any rights of return promulgated by the card issuer. Estimates are intended as a guide only and not as a statement of opinion of value.

11. Sales tax, postage, handling and insurance are the responsibility of the buyer and are added to all invoices where appropriate. For buyers in the European Union, CNG may import lots into the United Kingdom prior to shipment and charge buyers the import Value Added Tax. On any tax not paid by the purchaser which should have been paid, even if not invoiced by CNG, the purchaser agrees to pay the same on demand together with any interest or penalty that may be assessed. It is the responsibility of the buyer to comply with foreign customs and other regulations. 12. Prices realized are published and are mailed with CNG’s next publication. Prices realized are posted at www.cngcoins.com and successful electronic bidders are notified by email after the last lot of the sale closes. 13. Bidders hereby waive any claim for incidental, consequential or exemplary damages arising from this auction. The sole remedy that any participant in the auction shall have for any claim or controversy arising out of the auction shall be a refund, without interest, of all or part of the purchase price paid by the participant.

5. Invoices are due and payable immediately upon receipt. Interest and late fees of 2.0% per month, or at the highest rate permitted by law, whichever is less, from the date of the auction, shall be payable on invoices not settled within 30 days of the auction date. Payment may be made by check or bank wire. Credit cards (Visa or MasterCard) will be accepted; credit card payments will not be accepted more than 14 days after the sale date. Payment by credit card for printed sale auctions will be charged a 2.5% handling fee. Payment by check must be made in either US dollars ($) drawn on a US bank or British sterling (£) drawn on a British bank. All successful bidders outside North America and the United Kingdom will be charged an additional $20 fee for bank charges that are the result of international wire transfer fees; this fee will be deducted for credit card or check payment as described above. CNG may reduce or compromise any charge or fee at its discretion.

14. All rights granted by CNG or otherwise available to bidders and purchasers, under these Auction Terms or otherwise, are personal and may not be assigned or transferred to any other person or entity, whether by operation of law or otherwise. No third party may rely on any benefit or right conferred by these Auction Terms. Bidders acting as agents must disclose the agency in writing to CNG prior to the auction; otherwise rights are limited to the agent and are not transferable to the undisclosed principal. 15. Any dispute regarding this auction shall be governed by the laws of Pennsylvania and shall be adjudicated only by the Lancaster County Court of Common Pleas or the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania; all bidders submit themselves to the personal jurisdiction of these courts for this purpose, consent to service of process by registered or certified mail, and waive any contrary provisions of Articles 14 or 15 of the French Civil Code and any similar provisions in any jurisdiction. All bidders consent to the confidentiality of consignors’ identities and waive any right to require disclosure of the name of the consignor or owner of any auction lot, whether such right is based on New York GOL §5-701(a) or any other provision in any jurisdiction. In any dispute regarding this auction, the prevailing party shall be entitled to recover its reasonable costs and attorney fees.

6. Bidders not known to us must provide satisfactory credit references or pay a deposit as determined at CNG’s discretion before bidding. Minors are not permitted to bid without written consent of a parent guaranteeing payment. CNG may require payment in full from any bidder prior to delivery of lots. Title does not pass until lots are paid in full. Upon receipt of lots, the buyer assumes full responsibility for loss or damage. Delivery to the buyer’s address of record shall constitute receipt by the buyer regardless of the identity of the person accepting delivery. 7. Estimates are in U.S. dollars ($) and bids must be made in even dollar ($) amounts. The CNG website, www.cngcoins.com, will execute electronic bids

All written, fax, email and phone bids must be received by 5PM (ET) September 10, 2019.

The Electronic Close starts at 10AM ET on September 11, 2019. Lots close every 20 seconds.

To participate in this sale electronically you must be registered and approved to bid on www.cngcoins.com.

Please read the auction terms for new information regarding bidding, buyer’s fees, and payment of invoices.

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Meet the Team

Mike Gasvoda

Victor England

Eric McFadden

Dave Michaels

Steve Pruzinsky

Bradley R. Nelson

David Guest

Paul Hill

Ken McDevitt

D. Scott VanHorn

Bill Dalzell

Kerry Wetterstrom

Managing Director Lancaster Office

Chief Financial Officer Lancaster Office

Numismatist Sale Development Lancaster Office

Consulting Director Lancaster Office

Consulting Director London Office

Managing Numismatist Cataloging Staff Lancaster Office

Managing Numismatist London Office

Numismatist Lancaster Office

Numismatist Lancaster Office

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Director Shows & Consignments Lancaster Office

Managing Numismatist London Office

Numismatist Lancaster Office


Meet the Team

Julia TrocmĂŠ-Latter

Caroline Holmes

Jeffrey B. Rill

Travis Markel

Jessica Garloff

Karen Zander

Alexandra Spyra

Sharon Pruzinsky

Numismatist London Office

Photographer and Graphic Designer Lancaster Office

Numismatist London Office

Numismatist Lancaster Office

Office Manager Lancaster Office

Office Manager London Office

Manager IT & Production Lancaster Office

Accounting Lancaster Office

Additional Support

Kate Rill

Office Staff Lancaster Office

IT Consultant: A.J. Gatlin Printing Control: Robert A. Trimble Auctioneers: Herbert L. Kreindler (License No. 820339) Jeffrey B. Rill (License No. 2079118-DCA)

Julia Motter

Office Staff Lancaster Office

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Order of Sale and Beginning Closing Times (ET) on 11 September 2019 Greek Coinage..................................................................................................1–380...................10:00 AM

Celtic Coinage...............................................................................................381–386................... 12:07 PM

Oriental Greek Coinage................................................................................387–399................... 12:09 PM Central Asian Coinage..................................................................................400–418................... 12:13 PM Roman Provincial Coinage...........................................................................419–464................... 12:19 PM Roman Republican Coinage.........................................................................465–579................... 12:35 PM

Roman Imperial Coinage..............................................................................580–675..................... 1:13 PM

Romano–Byzantine Weights.................................................................................676..................... 1:45 PM Byzantine Coinage........................................................................................677–698..................... 1:45 PM Early Medieval & Islamic Coinage...............................................................699–720..................... 1:53 PM World Coinage..............................................................................................721–783..................... 2:00 PM British Coinage.............................................................................................784–855..................... 2:21 PM British Medals.......................................................................................................856..................... 2:45 PM

NOTICE OF EXHIBITION

Auction lots may be viewed by appointment only at our Lancaster office from August 12, 2019 to September 11, 2019 during office hours (Monday-Friday, 10 AM-5 PM), unless they are on exhibition at the showings below.

American Numismatic Association World’s Fair of Money Donald E. Stephens Convention Center – Rosemont, Illinois Hall F – Table 1338 Tuesday-Saturday, August 13–17, 2019 1-5:30 PM Tuesday, 10 AM-5:30 PM Wednesday–Saturday

Enlargements of all single lots and selected multiple lots may be viewed on the internet at the following websites: www.cngcoins.com – www.numisbids.com – www.sixbid.com We are sorry, but photographs of individual coins in multiple lots cannot be provided.

Future Sales and Consignment Deadlines Triton XXIII • 14–15 January 2020 A Public Auction Consignment Deadline: 1 October 2019

CNG 114 • May 2020 A Feature Auction Consignment Deadline: 24 January 2020

In our Lancaster Office, contact Victor England, David Michaels, Ken McDevitt, or Bill Dalzell. In our London Office, contact Eric McFadden, Paul Hill, or David Guest.

CNG would like to thank Jan Moens (jan.moens@bvdmc.com) for creating and providing the Numismatica Medievalis font used in this sale.

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Matthew J. Curtis Matthew J. Curtis was originally from back east and attended Tufts University and Georgetown University Medical School, focusing on ophthalmology. In 1978, he moved to California and started his own successful medical practice. His hard work, intelligence, genuine care for his patients, and kindly bedside manner quickly made him one of the most respected physicians in his field, and one of the most popular and highly rated ophthalmologists in San Diego. Matt married his wife Sherri in 1984 and they have one daughter, Lauren. Sherri introduced Matt to horses, and he quickly came to appreciate their beauty and delicate form (one of his main collecting themes is coins with horses). Matt and his family had two horses that were a big part of their family life, and they all enjoyed going for long rides and camping in the mountains. Matt, Sherri, and Lauren traveled widely and explored the world together, including a wonderful voyage along the Rhine and Danube. When Matt was about 8 years old, his father gave him an old coin, which sparked a lifelong interest in numismatics. His passion settled on ancient coins, and Matt studied Greek and Latin, as well as German, so that he could learn more about them from the original sources. Matt began attending the Long Beach Coin Expo and other shows in California and became a regular fixture there, settling on a few favorite dealers. As befitting an ophthalmologist, he had an excellent eye for quality and was highly selective in his pursuit of numismatic beauty. Coins of Magna Graecia, Punic Sicily, Macedon, mainland Greece, and the Roman Republic were particular areas of interest, and he became fully immersed and expert in each genre. He purchased coins at shows, from catalogs, and at important auctions, always with the same focus on artistry, condition, and overall eye-appeal. All who knew Matt remember him for his quiet demeanor and his gentle good humor. He was kind with his patients and loved his animals. His fellow coin aficionados remember his refined taste and true connoisseurship. He was a very sweet father to his daughter with whom he shared a very special bond, and who looks a lot like him. Matt was diagnosed with a rare form of mesothelioma in 2015, which finally forced his retirement. He succumbed to complications from chemotherapy on March 28th, 2019. He is greatly missed by his medical colleagues, fellow numismatists, and most of all by Sherri and Lauren. His beautiful coin collection is part of his legacy, and his wife and daughter take pride and some solace in bequeathing it back to the broader community of his fellow collectors. They hope all successful bidders will pause to reflect that they are acquiring not just a lovely coin, but also a small part of a fine and noble man. Classical Numismatic Group is proud to present this first offering from his collection. Baldwin Maull Baldwin Maull was an avid collector of ancient Greek and Roman coins, and amassed an extensive collection of coins throughout his life. Born in 1900, Baldy, as he was known, beat the odds by earning a scholarship to Princeton in 1918, after being orphaned at 8-years-old. Following law school at the University of Pennsylvania, Baldy worked as an attorney at Sullivan & Cromwell, and later joined Marine Midland Bank, retiring as its Chairman. During his business travels, he would source coins from around the world. Baldy’s passion was ancient coins, keeping meticulous records, and researching where to find specific pieces that would complete an area of his collection. In retirement, he could often be found huddled over his partner’s desk, categorizing his collection, and reviewing catalogues for sale. Baldy was a past first vice president of the American Numismatic Society, 1960-1974, and a past trustee of the Archaeological Institute of America, as well as president of its Western New York chapter. Baldy donated the bulk of his Greek coins to Princeton, his alma mater. This gift included 314 silver staters and fractions of Tarentum (his handwritten catalog, with provenances, was included with the collection). Wolfgang Fischer-Bossert, author of Chronologie der Didrachmenprägung von Tarent (Berlin/New York, 1999), included 122 coins from Maull’s Tarentine collection in his die study. The remainder of Baldwin Maull’s collection is offered here and also in CNG Electronic Auction 452, which closes on September 18th. John L. “Jack” Cowan Jack spent over 50 years in the heavy construction industry throughout the western United States, building bridges, freeways, airports, dams, missile systems, space launch facilities, and other major projects. Currently, he is a Director of Kepler Space Institute – Director of Construction in space environments. Jack started his interest in collecting coins at the age of twelve, having grown up in Southern California, he noticed the different dates on U.S. pennies and letters (a lot of “S’s”). Building himself a wooden board with shallow holes, he started assembling different dates with letters and eventually bought a Red Book and commenced to collect all coin denominations. In 1992, attending the Long Beach Show, he discovered ancient coins and was fascinated by the beauty, age, and history of the coins. Soon thereafter, he sold all of his U.S. collection at auction, and started to assemble a set of twelve Caesars in silver and ancient Greek coinage from all areas. His love for numismatics has grown over the years and branched out into world coins. Reluctantly, Jack has decided to sell his collection of ancient Greek at this time, his favorites being the coins of Syracuse, the period with some of the most beautiful coins ever made. 7


TRITON XXIII

CNG

In Conjunction with the 48th Annual New York International

Classical Numismatic Group, LLC

To Date

Triton XXIII consignment deadline is 1 October 2019. Contact us today and don’t miss your chance to be a part of this historic sale. Every year, over 1200 online, live, and floor bidders participate in the Triton auction – the number one auction venue for ancient coins. Held at the start of the New York International Numismatic Convention, the largest annual gathering of dealers and collectors, Triton presents a unique opportunity to showcase the finest coins and collections to an enthusiastic and active audience.

112

$452

auctions

S A L E S

450

Customers

printed

M I L L I O N

in t o t a l

What does the Triton auction offer to set your coins apart? • Cataloging at a level of detail unparalleled in the field highlights the rarity and quality of your coins in context with other great collections. • Careful pedigree research to discover lost provenance and add greater collector interest. • Access to a level of engaged clientele that shares your eye for quality and is prepared to offer record breaking bids to bring your coins into their collection. • Presentation in a splendid printed and online format, illustrated by some of the finest numismatic photography available, make this catalog not only an auction room tool for the bidder, but a keepsake for buyer and consignor alike. Triton XXIII will be held 14-15 January 2020 at the Grand Hyatt in New York City.

electronic

auctions 270 YEARS of collective

numismatic EXPERTISE

in MORE than 100

countries

19,430 registered users on

CNGCOINS.COM

Here are some highlights from Triton XXII

Lot 130: SICILY, Naxos. AR Drachm. Estimate $150,000 | Price Realized $250,000

Lot 261: KINGS of LYDIA. Kroisos. AV Stater. Estimate $30,000 | Price Realized $70,000

Lot 386: PHILISTIA, Askalon. AR Tetradrachm. Estimate $75,000 | Price Realized $325,000

Lot 729: PHOENICIA, Tyre. Philip I. Æ. Estimate $15,000 | Price Realized $27,500

Lot 1124: Septimius Severus, with Caracalla and Geta. AV Aureus. Estimate $15,000 | Price Realized $30,500

Lot 1407: PLANTAGENET (ANGLO-GALLIC). Edward the Black Prince. AV Hardi d’or. Estimate $15,000 | Price Realized $22,500

US OFFICE

UK OFFICE

EMAIL & WEBSITE

PO Box 479, Lancaster, PA 17608-0479 Phone (717) 390.9194 Fax (717) 390.9978

20 Bloomsbury Street, London WC1B 3QA, UK Phone +44.20.7495.1888 Fax +44.20.7499.5916

Email cng@cngcoins.com Website www.cngcoins.com


GREEK COINAGE

1. IBERIA, Punic Iberia. Circa 237-209 BC. AR Shekel (20mm, 7.17 g, 1h). Wreathed head of Tanit left / Horse leaping right; star above. MHC 79 (dies 54/74); ACIP 565; CNP 134; SNG BM Spain 86–8. Toned, traces of find patina, a couple of light scratches under tone. Good VF. ($1000) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

2 3 2. IBERIA, Emporion. 5th century BC. AR Obol (12mm, 0.81 g). Forepart of man-headed bull left / Rough incuse. Campo pl. XVI, 3; Villaronga, Troballa 7–13; ACIP 2; Triton XVI, lot 168 (same dies). Lightly toned, some die wear on obverse. Near EF. Rare. ($300)

Ex Rosen Collection 3. GAUL, Massalia(?). Circa 525-460 BC. AR Triobol(?) (10.5mm, 1.89 g). Facing gorgoneion with protruding tongue / Incuse square. Rosen 380 (Asia Minor; this coin); cf. M.C. Martelli, “Il ripostiglio di Volterra” in AIIN Supp. 22 (1976), 38–52 (obols[?]); M&M AG FPL 296, no. 9 (same dies); NY Sale IV, lot 17 = Auctiones AG 10, 42 (same dies). Toned. Good VF. Extremely rare, only one in CoinArchives (the NY Sale IV coin). ($300) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Kirk Davis FPL 30 (March 2000), no. 51; Jonathan P. Rosen Collection (Münzen und Medaillen AG 72, 6 October 1987), lot 134; A. Hess AG 247 (29 June 1978), lot 166. The attribution of this rare issue is quite complex. The style precludes attributing it to one of the many major mints that produced a similar type (e.g. Athens, Macedonian Neapolis, Parion, etc.). Although the Volterra hoard (IGCH 1875) did not contain any of this denomination, it contained obols of this type that are of identical style. The majority of the coins in the hoard were of Auriol types, so an attribution to Massalia, which did strike other issues featuring a gorgoneion, seems most likely for this issue.

4. GAUL, Massalia. Circa 275-225 BC. AR Drachm (15mm, 3.74 g, 10h). Heavy standard. Wreathed head of Artemis right / Lion standing right; Â%%Å (sic) above. Cf. F&P DRM-11; cf. Depeyrot, Marseille 11; SNG Copenhagen –. Deep cabinet tone, small cut on edge. Good VF. ($400) From the Baldwin Maull Collection, purchased from Numismatic Fine Arts (Edward Gans), 1963 or 1964. The style of this issue is closer to that found on the subsequent drachms struck on the light standard (cf. F&P DRM-16), but the weight clearly places this issue within the earlier heavy standard issues. It is possible that this issue represents the latest among the heavy issues. For other heavy drachms of identical style to the present coin, see Hess-Leu 31, lot 8 and NFA 10, lot 1.

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5. ETRURIA, Pisae(?). 4th-3rd centuries BC. AR Unit (10.5mm, 1.11 g). Octopus / Blank. EC Series 5, 22–9 (O3); HN Italy 227 (Uncertain mint). Toned, some porosity, tiny delamination on obverse. Fine. ($500)

6. ETRURIA, Populonia. Circa 300-250 BC. AR 10 Asses (17.5mm, 4.19 g). Laureate head of Aplu left; c (mark of value) behind / Blank. EC Series 70, 253 (O3 – this coin, illustrated); HN Italy 168; SNG BN 45; SNG Copenhagen 39; SNG Fitzwilliam 64; SNG Lloyd 24; SNG Soutzos 19; Berlin 21; BMC 14; Weber 64 (all from the same obv. die). Toned, slightly off center on obverse. Good VF. ($1000) Ex Numismatica Ars Classica P (12 May 2005), lot 1305.

7. ETRURIA, Populonia. 3rd century BC. AR 5 Asses (13mm, 1.96 g). Diademed and bearded male head right; ¨ (mark of value) to left / Blank. EC Series 89, 28 (O1 – this coin); HN Italy 174; SNG ANS 32 (same die). Toned, slightly off center. Good VF. ($1000) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Review XLI.2 (Summer 2016), no. 435129; Baldwin’s 99 (4 May 2016), lot 563; Lord Renfrew Collection, purchased from Spink, 10 October 1957.

8. ETRURIA or UMBRIA, Uncertain. 3rd century BC. Æ Aes Grave Sextans (23mm, 30.68 g). Vertical club / Two pellets (mark of value). ICC 199; HN Italy 54. Green-brown patina, casting pit on obverse. Good VF. ($300) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

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An Extensive Offering of Tarentine Silver The city of Tarentum was founded in the late 8th century BC by Spartan colonists on the north coast of the gulf of the same name, on a rocky islet at the entrance to the only secure harbor. It was Sparta’s only colony and maintained close relations with the mother city. The official founder of the city was believed to be the Spartan leader Phalanthos. Ancient tradition, however, tells how Taras, the son of Poseidon and a local nymph, Satyra, was miraculously saved from a shipwreck by his father, who sent a dolphin on whose back he was carried to shore, at which spot he founded a city. Blessed with fertile land, Tarentum became famous for olives and sheep. It possessed a fine harbor, great fisheries and profitable exports of wool, purple, and pottery. It adopted a democratic form of government circa 475 BC, and thereafter became the leading Greek city in southern Italy. Its success led to continual difficulties with its neighbor cities, though, and on four occasions Tarentum required expeditions from Greece to help overcome its aggressors. The last of these expeditions was led by the famed Epeirote, Pyrrhos. Following his withdrawal from the city, Tarentum was occupied by the Romans. It was not until late in the 6th century that Tarentum felt the need to produce coinage. It did so by copying the broad, thin fabric with incuse reverse type already in use by Metapontum, Sybaris, Poseidonia, Kaulonia, and Kroton. Tarentum quickly grew in power and wealth. As with many cities that began coinage at the time, the types depicted relate to the city’s foundation, both in its historical and mythological forms. Taras’ prosperity is exemplified by its vast coinage, which was continuous from circa 510 BC until the end of the Second Punic War.

From the First Coinage at Tarentum

9. CALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 510-500 BC. AR Nomos (22.5mm, 8.01 g, 11h). Taras, nude, riding dolphin right, extending left hand, right hand resting on dolphin’s back; ßʼnÅt to left, scallop shell below, dot-and-cable border around / Incuse of obverse type; [t]ÅrÅ[ß] in relief to right, radiate border around. Fischer-Bossert Group 1, – (V7/R8 – an unlisted die combination); Vlasto 68 = Kraay & Hirmer 294 (same obv. die); HN Italy 826; SNG BN 1573–4 (same rev. die); SNG Lloyd 108 (same obv. die). Even light cabinet toning, with iridescence around the devices. VF. The rarest city producing incuse types in Magna Graecia. ($15,000) From the Antiquarium Group. Ex Gasvoda Collection; Golden Horn Collection (Stack’s, 12 January 2009), lot 2053; Lawrence R. Stack Collection (Stack’s, 14 January 2008), lot 2007.

10. CALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 450-440 BC. AR Nomos (24.5mm, 7.70 g, 5h). Taras, nude, extending left hand and supporting himself with his right, riding dolphin right upon waves / Nude youth, holding rein in left hand and supporting himself with his right, riding horse galloping right. Fischer-Bossert Group 11, 145 (V77/R100); Vlasto 260–1 (same dies); HN Italy 847; SNG Ashmolean 236 (same dies); SNG Lloyd 143 (same dies); Berlin 91 = Regling, Antike 365 = Kraay & Hirmer 304 (same dies); Jameson 98 (same dies). Even gray tone, with light iridescence around the devices. VF. Very rare. ($1000) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex William N. Rudman Collection (Triton V, 15 January 2002), lot 1031.

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11. CALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 415-405 BC. AR Nomos (22mm, 7.88 g, 9h). Nude rider seated right on horse, which he crowns; kerykeion to right, ¬Å in exergue / Phalanthos, nude, extending his hand, riding dolphin right. FischerBossert Group 21, 297 (V134/R229); Vlasto 320–1 (same dies); HN Italy 851; SNG Copenhagen 803 (same dies); SNG Lloyd 150 (same dies); SNG Lockett 351 (same dies); Hirsch 190 (same dies); Dewing 137 (same dies). Even light gray tone, with iridescence around the devices, a few marks under tone on obverse, light scuffs under toned and die flaw on reverse. Near EF. Very rare. ($1500) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex William N. Rudman Collection (Triton V, 15 January 2002), lot 1040.

Ex Cahn Collection – Published in Fischer-Bossert

12. CALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 405-400 BC. AR Nomos (23mm, 7.83 g, 5h). Nude rider on horse leaping left; ¬E below / Phalanthos, nude riding dolphin right, preparing to cast spear. Fischer-Bossert Group 22, 305f and g (V139/R237 – this coin); Vlasto 316 (same dies); HN Italy 850; SNG ANS 877 (same dies). Toned, slightly off center on obverse, a few light cleaning marks under tone on reverse. VF. Fine style. ($2000) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Gorny & Mosch 211 (4 March 2013), lot 23; Herbert A. Cahn Collection; Münzen & Medaillen AG FPL 252 (March 1965), no. 4; Lanz 44 (16 May 1988), lot 24.

Fischer-Bossert Plate Coin

13. CALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 400-390 BC. AR Nomos (20mm, 7.94 g, 3h). Phalanthos, nude, holding akrostolion, riding dolphin left / Nude youth, holding shield, on horse galloping left, preparing to dismount; ¬ below. Fischer-Bossert Group 26, 339b (V154/R263 – this coin, illustrated); Vlasto 309 (same dies); HN Italy 850; SNG ANS 873 (same dies); Nanteuil 85 (same dies). Struck from slightly worn dies, a little off center and slight doubling on obverse. EF. ($1000) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Triton III (30 November 1999), lot 38; Astarte 2 (5 March 1999), lot 9; I. Vecchi 8 (4 December 1997), lot 9; Numismatica Ars Classica 9 (16 April 1996), lot 24.

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Ex Woodbridge, Jameson, and Evans Collections

14. CALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 390-385 BC. AR Nomos (18.5mm, 7.89 g, 1h). Nude youth, holding rein, riding horse galloping right / Phalanthos, nude, holding akrostolion, riding dolphin, upon which is inscribed an ˙, left. FischerBossert Group 27, 378a (V184/R318) = Jameson 110 (this coin); Vlasto 362 (same dies); HN Italy 870. Old collection tone, a little off center. Good VF. ($2000) Ex Elsen FPL 232 (April-June 2005), no. 1; Leu 79 (31 October 2000), lot 219; Frederick J. Woodbridge Collection (Sotheby Zürich, 7 May 1975), lot 5; Robert Jameson Collection; Arthur J. Evans Collection.

Pedigreed to 1928

15. CALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 390-385 BC. AR Nomos (20.5mm, 7.81 g, 12h). Nude youth on horse galloping right; tiny ¬ below / Phalanthos, nude, holding akrostolion, riding dolphin right; tiny ¬ below. Fischer-Bossert Group 28, 398d (V175/R307’ – this coin); Vlasto 375 (same dies); HN Italy 870. Old collection tone, a little off center and light scuff under tone on obverse. Good VF. ($1500) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Monetarium 57 (Spring 1992), no. 3; Monetarium 55 (Spring 1991), no. 5; Auctiones AG 20 (8 November 1990), lot 53; Ars Classica XIII (27 June 1928), lot 37.

16. CALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 390-385 BC. AR Nomos (21.5mm, 7.81 g, 6h). Nude youth on horse galloping right; tiny ¬ below / Phalanthos, nude, holding akrostolion, riding dolphin left. Fischer-Bossert Group 28, 407 (V178/R315); Vlasto 365 and 368 (same dies); HN Italy 870. Toned, some porosity. Good VF. ($1000) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 103 (14 September 2016), lot 15; Künker 115 (25 September 2006), lot 45.

17. CALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 380-325 BC. AR Diobol (11mm, 1.25 g, 7h). Head of Athena right, wearing helmet decorated with Skylla throwing a stone / Herakles wrestling the Nemean lion; Å above, club to left. Vlasto 1315; HN Italy 912. Toned, compact flan as usual. EF. Well centered. ($500) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

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Ex Rudman, Vlasto, and Evans – Published in 1889

18. CALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 365-355 BC. AR Nomos (20mm, 7.87 g, 7h). Nude youth on horse standing right; to right, herm left; ^E below / Phalanthos, nude, holding oinochoe, on dolphin left. Fischer-Bossert Group 36, 559c (V227/R427) = Vlasto 408 = A.J. Evans, “The ‘Horsemen’ of Tarentum” in NC 1889, p. 61, 1 and pl. III, 10 (this coin); HN Italy –; Dewing 143 (same dies); Jameson 117 (same dies). Toned, a couple minor edge splits, slight die wear on obverse. Good VF. ($1000) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex William N. Rudman Collection (Triton V, 15 January 2002), lot 1046; Michel Pandely Vlasto Collection; Sir Arthur Evans Collection [“The Collection of an Archaeologist and Traveller”] (Sotheby, Wilkinson & Hodge, 20 January 1898), lot 10 (part of).

19. CALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 344-340 BC. AR Nomos (21mm, 7.87 g, 9h). Warrior, nude but for crested helmet, holding shield, on horse galloping left; small d below / Phalanthos, nude, holding kantharos, riding dolphin left; below, E above dolphin left above waves. Fischer-Bossert Group 46, 651d (V251/R503 – this coin); Vlasto 388 var. (E retrograde; same obv. die); HN Italy 870; SNG Lloyd 159 (same dies); SNG Lockett 158 (same dies). Toned. In NGC encapsulation, 4529604001, graded Ch XF, Strike: 4/5, Surface: 4/5. ($750) Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 88 (8 October 2015), lot 546; Numismatica Ars Classica 7 (2 March 1994), lot 153.

20. CALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 344-340 BC. AR Nomos (19.5mm, 7.89 g, 9h). Nude warrior, holding spear, shield on left arm, on horse advancing left; d below / Phalanthos, nude, holding trident, riding dolphin left; below, ˚ above waves. FischerBossert Group 47, 669c (V255/R519 – this coin); Vlasto 445 (same dies); HN Italy 870; SNG Lockett 137 (same dies); SNG München 627 (same dies). Lightly toned, clashed dies (also visible on Lockett specimen). EF. Well centered. ($1000) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Review XXV (Summer/Fall 2000), no. 2; Giessener Münzhandlung 50 (24 September 1990), lot 41.

21. CALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 340-335 BC. AR Nomos (21mm, 7.83 g, 12h). Nude youth, holding rein and crowning horse he rides right; f to right; below, nude youth removing stone from horse’s hoof / Phalanthos, nude, shield on arm, holding kantharos and trident, riding dolphin left; E and waves below. Fischer-Bossert Group 50, 695b (V262/R542 – this coin); Vlasto 510 (same dies); HN Italy 818; SNG ANS 961 (same dies); Hirsch 93 (same dies). Toned, with light golden hues around the devices, indications of undertype on reverse. Good VF. ($1000) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Triton IV (5 December 2000), lot 27; Leu 30 (28 April 1982), lot 4.

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Ex Moretti and Niggeler Collections

22. CALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 340-335 BC. AR Nomos (22mm, 7.85 g, 11h). Nude youth on horse rearing right; to right, nude youth standing before the horse and restraining or comforting it; above, Nike flying right, crowning the rider; z below / Phalanthos, nude, holding vase, riding dolphin left; ˚ to right. Fischer-Bossert Group 53, 713h (V262/R540 – this coin); Vlasto 527 (same obv. die); HN Italy 892; BMC 172 (same dies); de Sartiges 18 (same dies). Toned, slightly off center, small die break on obverse, overstruck on uncertain type. VF. ($1000) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Triton I (2 December 1997), lot 45; A.D. Moretti Collection; Walter Niggeler Collection (Part 1, Leu/Münzen und Medaillen AG, 3 December 1965), lot 33. The signature KAΛ, appearing on Fischer-Bossert Groups 56-61, also appears on contemporary issues at Metapontion and Herakleia (Johnston, p. 53). Johnston, however, argued that these letters could not represent specific engravers, but some other individual tasked with the production of these coins (op. cit.). Fischer-Bossert’s omission of the Group 53 issues in his commentary on the signatures, including the K inscribed as here, suggests that he did not consider these letters engraver signatures. Nonetheless, although his name is lost to history, the fine style of dies on this issue suggests they are the product of a master artisan. As such, perhaps the K of this issue, and the famous KAΛ are one and the same.

23. CALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 325-280 BC. AR Three-Quarter Obol (10mm, 0.28 g, 3h). Head of bridled horse right / Head of free horse right; aphlaston(?) to left. Vlasto –; HN Italy 981. Toned, light deposits. EF. ($300) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Antiqua VIII (ND [March 2000]), no. 19; Münzen und Medaillen AG 88 (17 May 1999), lot 19.

24. CALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 315 BC. AR Nomos (21mm, 7.90 g, 7h). Nude youth, holding rein and crowning horse he rides right; sÅ below / Phalanthos, holding filleted palm frond, riding dolphin left; helmet to right, sUÂ below. Fischer-Bossert Group 67, 806c (V319/R625 – this coin); Vlasto 652 (same dies); HN Italy 941. Toned, faint scratches on reverse. Near EF. Rare. ($750) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex CNG Inventory 828118 (November 2008); Gorny & Mosch 170 (13 October 2008), lot 1071; Campana Collection (Sternberg XXXI, 27 October 1996), lot 56; Künst und Münzen FPL 67 (November 1992), no. 2.

25. CALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 302 BC. AR Nomos (21mm, 7.92 g, 11h). Nude youth, crowning himself, on horseback right; below, sÅ above Ionic capital / Phalanthos, nude, holding serpent, riding dolphin left; ˚o@ below. Fischer-Bossert Group 75, – (V373/R738 [unlisted die combination]); Vlasto 657; HN Italy 942. Light cabinet tone with blue iridescence around the devices. EF. Well struck for issue. ($2000) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Nomos 2 (18 May 2010), lot 13; Münzen & Medaillen AG 88 (17 May 1999), lot 15; Richard A. van Every Collection (Numismatic Fine Arts V, 23 February 1978), lot 12.

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26. CALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 290-281 BC. AR Nomos (21.5mm, 7.96 g, 6h). Warrior, nude but for crested helmet, holding shield and two spears, preparing to cast a third, on horse rearing right; s5 below / Phalanthos, nude, holding distaff, riding dolphin left; to left, eagle standing right; below, f5 above waves. Fischer-Bossert Group 78a, 1067 (V403/R820); Vlasto 580 (same dies); HN Italy 933. Deeply toned, underlying luster, minor deposits, die break on obverse. EF. Fine style. ($750) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

Ex Côte, Weber, and Boyne Collections

27. CALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 290-281 BC. AR Nomos (19mm, 7.76 g, 6h). Warrior, nude but for crested helmet, holding shield and two spears, preparing to cast a third, on horse rearing right; s5Â below / Phalanthos, holding distaff, riding dolphin left; to left, eagle standing left; f5 and waves below. Fischer-Bossert Group 78b, 1077m (V406/R831) = Côte II 3 = Weber 591 (this coin); Vlasto 576–7; HN Italy 933; SNG ANS 982; SNG Lockett 182; BMC 234 (all from the same dies). Old cabinet tone. Near EF. A beautiful coin. ($2000) Ex Münzen und Medaillen GmbH 40 (4 June 2014), lot 16; Giessener Münzhandlung 58 (9 April 1992), lot 23; É. & S. Bourgey (2 June 1988), lot 4; Claudius Côte Collection (Feuardent, Leman, & Foury, 4 December 1936), lot 3; Sir Hermann Weber Collection; William Boyne Collection (Part I, Sotheby, Wilkinson & Hodge, 21 January 1896), lot 30b.

28. CALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 280 BC. AR Nomos (24mm, 7.81 g, 11h). Nude youth on horseback right, crowning horse with wreath; sÅ to left, f5¬5>År≈os in two lines below / Phalanthos, nude, holding grape bunch, riding dolphin left; Å˝Å below. Vlasto 673; HN Italy 960. Deep iridescent tone, with underlying luster. Near EF. Struck on a broad flan. ($1000) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Giessener Münzhandlung 69 (18 November 1984), lot 23.

29. CALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 280 BC. AR Nomos (20mm, 7.85 g, 6h). Warrior, nude but for crested helmet, wearing shield on arm and holding spear, on horse prancing left; to left, Nike standing facing, restraining horse; [¬Uk5skos below] / Phalanthos, nude, extending his arm, wearing shield inscribed E and holding two spears, riding dolphin left; zor to left, waves below. Vlasto 680 (same dies); HN Italy 963; Gillet 107 (same dies). Toned, with slight iridescence, a couple of light scratches under tone on reverse. Near EF. ($1500) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

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30. CALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 280-272 BC. AR Nomos (20.5mm, 6.52 g, 5h). Reduced standard. Nude youth, crowning horse upon which he sits right; f5¬o˚rÅ to left, 1 below / Phalanthos, nude, holding trident and small Nike, who crowns him, riding dolphin left; År5sto below. Vlasto 867; HN Italy 998. Attractively toned. Near EF. Well centered and a lovely example of the type. ($750) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Vinchon (14 December 1999), lot 715.

31. CALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 280-272 BC. AR Nomos (21mm, 6.37 g, 6h). Reduced standard. Nude youth on horseback left; to left, attendant standing right, crowning horse; PU to right, År5>st5>∏ in three lines below / Phalanthos, nude, holding bow and arrow, riding dolphin right; below, elephant standing right. Vlasto 736 (same dies); HN Italy 1000. Toned, small area of weak strike, tiny mark and flan flaw on obverse, some die rust on reverse. EF. ($1000) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Spink Taisei 52 (Part 2, with Numismatica Ars Classica, 26 October 1994), lot 1734.

32. CALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 280-272 BC. AR Nomos (21mm, 6.49 g, 6h). Reduced standard. Warrior, nude but for crested helmet, holding shield and two spears, preparing to cast a third, on horse rearing right; EU to left, f5@tU[Gos] below / Phalanthos, nude, holding Nike and trident, riding dolphin left; below, prow left. Vlasto 723 (same rev. die); HN Italy 1002. Wonderful old cabinet tone with dark iridescence around the devices. EF. Very rare issue without name in field on reverse. A fabulous coin in hand. ($1000) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

33 34 33. CALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 280-272 BC. AR Nomos (20mm, 6.50 g, 11h). Reduced standard. Nude youth, holding rein and crowning horse he rides right; zW to left, @EU>Â˙ below / Phalanthos, nude, holding helmet, legs crossed, riding dolphin left; stars flanking, [πo¬U to upper right]. Vlasto 739-45; HN Italy 1006; Goldberg 96, lot 1498 (same dies). Deep iridescent tone, compact flan. Near EF. Wonderful style and quite attractive. ($750) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Triton III (30 November 1999), lot 48.

34. CALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 280-272 BC. AR Nomos (20mm, 6.15 g, 5h). Reduced standard. Warrior, wearing crested helmet, shield decorated with star on left arm, holding two spears, on horse galloping left; zW to right, [Åπ]o¬¬W below / Phalanthos, nude, holding grape bunch and distaff, riding dolphin left; Å@Q to left. Vlasto 792–6; HN Italy 1013. Toned, a little die rust, double struck on reverse. Good VF. ($750) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Triton VI (14 January 2003), lot 39.

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36 35 35. CALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 272-240 BC. AR Nomos (20mm, 6.40 g, 1h). Reduced standard. Nude youth, holding torch, on horse galloping right; ^˙rÅ˚¬˙5 below / Phalanthos, nude but for chlamys flowing around his far arm, holding dart and two spears, riding dolphin right; î to left; below, diota and v. Vlasto 814 (same dies); HN Italy –. Toned, underlying luster. EF. Well centered. ($750) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex LHS 102 (29 April 2008), lot 21.

36. CALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 272-240 BC. AR Nomos (19mm, 6.52 g, 6h). Reduced standard. Nude youth, crowning horse upon which he rides right; È to left, @5˚o˚/rÅt˙s in two lines below / Phalanthos, nude, holding tripod, riding dolphin left; to right, Nike flying left, crowning him. Vlasto 863 (same dies); HN Italy –; Rauch 89, lot 1041 (same obv. die). Attractively toned, minor scrape on reverse. EF. Extremely rare, only two others published. An obverse die in fine style. ($500) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex CNG Inventory 194609 (August 2004); Numismatica Ars Classica O (13 May 2004), lot 1466.

37. CALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 240-228 BC. AR Nomos (19.5mm, 6.43 g, 8h). Reduced standard. Nude warrior, brandishing javelin, on horse galloping right; wreath to left, O¬UÂπ5s below / Phalanthos, nude, holding kantharos and cornucopia, on dolphin left; tripod to right. Vlasto 942 (same dies); HN Italy 1055. Wonderful old cabinet tone. EF. Well centered. ($750) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex William N. Rudman Collection (Triton V, 15 January 2002), lot 1075.

Ex Vlasto and Rothschild Collections Pedigreed to 1900

38. CALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 240-228 BC. AR Nomos (22mm, 6.55 g, 7h). Nude youth, holding filleted palm frond, on horse leaping right; 1 to left, År51t5ππo1 below / Phalanthos, nude, holding kantharos, on dolphin left; N to right. Vlasto 949 (this coin); HN Italy 1056. Attractively toned, a little die wear on obverse, minor metal flaw on reverse. EF. This is a finely executed die pair for the series. A beautiful coin. ($1000) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Peus 380 (3 November 2004), lot 89; Michel Pandely Vlasto Collection; ‘Late Collector’ [Rothschild Collection] (Sotheby, Wilkinson and Hodge, 28 May 1900), lot 33.

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39. CALABRIA, Tarentum. Punic occupation. Circa 212-209 BC. AR Reduced Nomos – Half-Shekel (19mm, 3.73 g, 1h). Warrior, wearing full armor, holding filleted palm frond, on horse walking right; sW˚¬@-@¬s below / Phalanthos, holding kantharos and trident, riding dolphin left; to right, eagle standing left, wings spread. Vlasto 984–6; HN Italy 1082. Toned. EF. Well centered. ($1000) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

40. LUCANIA, Metapontion. Circa 540-510 BC. AR Nomos (28mm, 8.02 g, 12h). Ear of barley with eight grains and bracts at base; 7eT down left field / Incuse ear of barley with eight grains. Noe Class I, 3; HN Italy 1459; SNG ANS 160 (same dies). Deep old iridescent tone. Good VF. ($1000) From the Baldwin Maull Collection, purchased from Coin Galleries, 1955.

Ex Moretti and Gillet Collections

41. LUCANIA, Metapontion. Circa 540-510 BC. AR Nomos (28.5mm, 6.89 g, 12h). Ear of barley with seven grains; 7eTå down left field, grasshopper upward to right / Incuse ear of barley with seven grains; outline of dolphin upward to left. Noe Class V, 100 (same dies); HN Italy 1472; SNG ANS 206 (same dies); Basel 130 (same dies); Gillet 132 (this coin); Kraay & Hirmer 229 (same dies). Toned, die breaks on reverse (diagnostic for die). Near EF. ($20,000) From the Antiquarium Group. Ex Gasvoda Collection; Numismatica Ars Classica 92 (23 May 2016), lot 88; A. D. Moretti Collection; Numismatica Ars Classica 18 (29 March 2000), lot 22; Numismatica Ars Classica 9 (16 April 1996), lot 57; Leu 42 (12 May 1987), lot 46; Charles Gillet Collection. The most interesting type of the incuse coinage of Metapontum certainly must be the issues which include the locust (or grasshopper) design detail, as here. There are a number of variations. Here it is paired with a dolphin in outline. The locust would have been a serious threat to the agricultural community and likely the dolphin relates to Apollo who would have been seen as the God who eliminated a plague of these insects in the year this coin was struck.

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42. LUCANIA, Metapontion. Circa 470-440 BC. AR Triobol (13.5mm, 1.28 g, 6h). Ear of barley with six grains; †e7 up left field, oPå down right / Incuse head of ox. Noe 294 var. (ethnic); HN Italy 1487 var. (same). Toned, small deposit on reverse. Good VF. Well centered and good metal for issue. Unpublished with this longer ethnic. ($500) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 9 (16 April 1996), lot 60.

Ex American Numismatic Society, Leggett, Jameson, and Hoskier Collections Pedigreed to 1905

43. LUCANIA, Metapontion. Circa 340-330 BC. AR Nomos (22mm, 7.89 g, 2h). Head of Demeter right, wearing wreath of grain ears, veil, single-pendant earring, and pearl necklace; tiny f to lower right / Barley ear with leaf to right; ÂEtÅ up left field, f to left of stem; to right, mouse right on leaf, [f below]. Johnston Class A, 8.10 (same dies); HN Italy 1570; SNG ANS 420 (same obv. die); SNG Ashmolean 746 = ACGC 610; SNG Manchester 206; Jameson 313 (this coin). Beautiful old cabinet tone. EF. ($7500) From the Antiquarium Group. Ex Gasvoda Collection; Edward J. Waddell inventory 51463 (August 2014); Duplicates from the American Numismatic Society (Gemini V, 6 January 2009), lot 319; ANS inv. 1997.9.164; John D. Leggett, Jr. Collection (†1997); Robert Jameson Collection, 313; H. C. Hoskier Collection (J. Hirsch XX, 13 November 1907), lot 52; J. Hirsch XIV (27 November 1905), lot 97.

44. LUCANIA, Metapontion. Circa 340-330 BC. AR Nomos (23.5mm, 7.82 g, 6h). Veiled head of Demeter right, wearing wreath of grain ears / Barley ear with leaf to left; mouse above leaf, f below. Johnston Class A, 8.8 (same dies); HN Italy 1570; SNG ANS 419 (same obv. die); SNG Lockett 412 (same dies); BMC 122 = Weber 775 (same dies). Attractively toned. Good VF. ($1000) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Triton IV (5 December 2000), lot 48; Münzen und Medaillen AG 54 (26 October 1978), lot 58.

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45. LUCANIA, Metapontion. Circa 340-330 BC. AR Double Nomos (23mm, 15.63 g, 1h). Head of Leukippos right, wearing Corinthian helmet decorated with charioteer driving fast quadriga right on the bowl, and tiny hippocamp right on the side; to left, forepart of lion right and Åπ˙ / Barley ear with leaf to left; club above leaf, [Å]µ5 below. Johnston Class B, 1.4 (same dies); HN Italy 1574; SNG ANS 431 (same dies). Toned, light porosity and roughness, small scratches and marks. VF. ($1500) From the John L. Cowan Collection. Ex Pegasi XIX (18 November 2008), lot 37.

Ex Lockett Collection

46. LUCANIA, Metapontion. Circa 325-275 BC. AR Diobol (12mm, 1.10 g, 12h). Laureate head of Zeus Ammon right / Barley ear with leaf to right; tripod above leaf. Johnston F6.2 (same dies); HN Italy 1603; SNG Lockett 434 (this coin). Deeply toned. Good VF. Excellent metal for issue. ($300) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 54 (14 June 2000), lot 184; Richard Cyril Lockett Collection (Part I, Glendining, 25 October 1955), lot 315 (part of).

Bold Strike

47. LUCANIA, Metapontion. Circa 290-280 BC. AR Nomos (20mm, 7.91 g, 7h). Bearded head of Herakles left, wearing tainia and lion skin tied at neck; club over far shoulder / Barley ear with leaf to right; ÂEtÅ upward to left; to right, kantharos above leaf, ∫[5] below. Johnston Class D, 4.1 corr. (control letters on rev.; same dies); HN Italy 1621 corr. (same); CNG 109, lot 18 = Nomos 13, lot 115 (same dies); Leu 61, lot 38 (same obv. die). Deep iridescent toning. Superb EF. Well struck from dies of fine style. Very rare issue with left facing Herakles. ($15,000) From the Antiquarium Group. Ex Gasvoda Collection; M. L. Collection of Coins of Magna Graecia and Sicily (Numismatica Ars Classica 82, 20 May 2015), lot 17, purchased from NAC in 1994.

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48. LUCANIA, Metapontion. Punic occupation. Circa 215-207 BC. AR Half Shekel (17.5mm, 3.51 g, 8h). Helmeted head of Athena right / Barley ear with leaf to right. Robinson, Second, p. 50, 1; HN Italy 1632. Toned. In NGC encapsulation, 4935021-003, graded Ch AU, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 4/5. ($500)

49 50 49. LUCANIA, Sybaris. Circa 550-510 BC. AR Nomos (25.5mm, 8.02 g, 12h). Bull standing left, head right / Incuse bull standing right, head left. S&S Class A, pl. XLVIII, 1–3; Gorini 3; HN Italy 1729; Kraay & Hirmer 212. Deeply toned, a couple of short, light scratches. VF. Interesting small dot exergue line. Wonderful reverse detail remains. ($1500) From the Baldwin Maull Collection, purchased from Coin Galleries, 1955.

50. LUCANIA, Sybaris. Circa 550-510 BC. AR Nomos (29mm, 7.61 g, 12h). Bull standing left, head right / Incuse bull standing right, head left. S&S Class B, pl. XLVIII, 4–8; Gorini 2; HN Italy 1729. Attractively toned, roughness, area of encrustation on reverse. VF. ($1500) From the John L. Cowan Collection. Ex Pegasi BBS 120 (20 November 2000), lot 37.

51. LUCANIA, Sybaris. Circa 550-510 BC. AR Triobol (11mm, 1.18 g, 5h). Bull standing right, head reverted / Incuse amphora; no border. HN Italy 1741; SNG ANS 858. Toned, trace deposits. Good VF. Well centered and good metal for issue. An exceptional example of the type. ($300) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection, purchased from Classical Numismatic Group, 30 May 1998.

Ex Lockett Collection

52. LUCANIA, Sybaris. Circa 446-440 BC. AR Triobol (13mm, 1.20 g, 9h). Helmeted head of Athena right / Bull standing right, head left. HN Italy 1751; SNG ANS 862. Toned, a few light scratches under tone, shallow cut on reverse. Good VF. Unusually well centered and complete. A very attractive example for the type. ($300) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 21 (17 May 2001), lot 28; Richard Cyril Lockett Collection (Part II [Greek Part I], Glendining, 25 October 1955), lot 339; Naville X (15 June 1925), lot 94. This coin is from the fourth founding of Sybaris in 446 BC, accomplished with Athenian aid. In 444 BC, the city received additional colonists from Athenian territories. This mixing of peoples is reflected in the types chosen for the city’s coins in this period: Athena, from Athens, taking the obverse, while the bull of Sybaris is on the reverse. Circa 440 BC, disputes arose and the original Sybarites were once again expelled, and the colonists, who remained in the city, renamed it Thurium.

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53. LUCANIA, Velia. Circa 535-510 BC. AR Drachm (14mm, 3.81 g). Forepart of lion right, devouring prey / Quadripartite incuse square. Williams 1–31 var. (unlisted dies); HN Italy 1259. Toned, granular surfaces. Good VF. Well centered. ($1000) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

Ex Schonwalter, Nantueil, Picard, and Barron Collections

54. LUCANIA, Velia. Circa 300-280 BC. AR Nomos (23.5mm, 7.47 g, 7h). Head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with wreath / Lion walking right; in exergue, grape bunch hanging from vine. Williams 385a (O193/R271) = Nantueil 195 (this coin); HN Italy 1302. Attractively toned, a few light cleaning marks under tone, small scrape in field on obverse. Good VF. Fine style dies. ($1000) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Robert Schonwalter Collection (Triton V, 15 January 2002), lot 1122; Kirk Davis FPL 38 (March 2002), no. 15; Henri de Nanteuil Collection; G. Picard Collection (Sambon, 14 March 1923), lot 186; Percy Barron Collection (J. Hirsch XXX, 11 May 1911), lot 250.

55. LUCANIA, Velia. Circa 300-280 BC. AR Nomos (21mm, 7.49 g, 1h). Philistion group. Head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with laurel wreath and wing; å behind neck guard, f before neck / Lion standing right; above, horizontal grain ear between f and 5; π below, UE¬˙tW@ in exergue. Williams 478 (O238/R337); HN Italy 1309; SNG ANS 1379 (same dies); SNG Ashmolean 1353 (same dies); SNG Copenhagen 1578 (same dies); Pozzi 261 (same dies). Deep iridescent tone. EF. ($2000) From the Antiquarium Group. Ex Gasvoda Collection; Edward J. Waddell inventory 51062; Peus 393 (31 October 2007), lot 55; Künker 124 (16 March 2007), lot 7832.

56. BRUTTIUM, The Brettii. Circa 216-214 BC. AR Drachm (18.5mm, 4.73 g, 4h). Third coinage. Attic standard. Second Punic War issue. Diademed and draped bust of Nike right; lituus to left / Dionysos standing facing, crowning himself and holding scepter; to right, incense altar to right. Arslan dies 52/75’; Scheu 22; HN Italy 1959. Deeply toned, some die wear. EF. ($400) From the Baldwin Maull Collection, acquired as a gift from Anthony Wrightson.

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57. BRUTTIUM, Kaulonia. Circa 525-500 BC. AR Nomos (29mm, 7.68 g, 12h). Apollo advancing right, holding branch aloft in right hand, left arm extended, upon which a small daimon, holding branch in each hand, runs right; ˚~¨Ò to left; to right, stag standing right, head reverted; dot-and-cable border / Incuse of obverse, but no daimon and ethnic; radiate border. Noe, Caulonia, Group A (unlisted dies); Gorini 3; HN Italy 2035. Toned, a few light marks, area of deposit on reverse. VF. ($3000) From the John L. Cowan Collection. Ex Pegasi XXX (21 May 2014), lot 28.

58. BRUTTIUM, Kaulonia. Circa 500-480 BC. AR Diobol (8.5mm, 0.80 g). Triskeles with central pellet-in-annulet / Ethnic in field. Noe, Caulonia 207; HN Italy 2042. Toned, some porosity. VF. Rare. ($500) Ex Berk BBS 89 (14 February 1996), lot 90.

59 60 59. BRUTTIUM, Kroton. Circa 530-500 BC. AR Nomos (28mm, 7.38 g, 12h). Spread incuse type. Tripod, legs surmounted by wreaths and terminating in lion’s feet, two serpents rising from the bowl, set on basis of three lines, the center dotted / Incuse tripod as obverse. Attianese 5; Gorini 3 = Basel 194; HN Italy 2075. Old cabinet tone, minor encrustation on reverse. Good VF. ($1500) From the Baldwin Maull Collection, purchased from Coin Galleries, 1955.

60. BRUTTIUM, Kroton. Circa 530-500 BC. AR Nomos (27mm, 8.22 g, 12h). Tripod, legs surmounted by wreaths and terminating in lion’s feet, two serpents rising from the bowl and between feet; orJ to left, crab to right / Incuse tripod as obverse, but wreaths and serpents in relief; Jro to left, crab to right. Atianese 30 var. (legend on rev.); HN Italy 2078. die break on obverse. Good VF. ($1500)

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61. BRUTTIUM, Lokroi Epizephyrioi. Circa 400-350 BC. AR Nomos (22.5mm, 7.46 g, 1h). Laureate head of Zeus right; thunderbolt to left / Eagle flying left, holding hare in its talons. Pozzi Paolini p. 252, d, pl. XXIII, 8 (same rev. die); HN Italy 2327; SNG ANS 519 corr. (thunderbolt not noted). Deeply toned. VF. ($1500) From the Baldwin Maull Collection, purchased from “Farrington,” 1957.

62. BRUTTIUM, Rhegion. Circa 415/0-387 BC. AR Tetradrachm (23.5mm, 16.85 g, 9h). Facing head of lion / Laureate head of Apollo right; olive sprig to left. Herzfelder 80 (D48/R67); HN Italy 2496. Toned, area of deposit, smoothed on reverse. Good VF. High relief. ($2000) From the John L. Cowan Collection. Ex Pegasi XI (19 October 2004), lot 80.

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The Face of Akragas

63. SICILY, Akragas. Circa 485-480/78 BC. AR Didrachm (18.5mm, 8.64 g, 7h). Sea eagle standing left / Crab, with carapace in the form of a human face, within incuse circle. Westermark, Coinage, Period I, Group III, 164 (O68/R111); Jenkins, Gela, Group III; HGC 2, 94; SNG Copenhagen 28 (same dies); SNG Forbat 94 (same dies); SNG Lockett 703 (same dies); Rizzo pl. I, 4 (same dies [only rev. shown]). Lightly toned, a touch of die wear on the obverse, light scuff on reverse. VF. ($1500) From the Midwest Collection. From the earliest issues of the coins of Akragas, there are instances where the engraver of a reverse die appears to have synthesized a human face into the features of the carapace of the crab, as here. In fact, Westermark notes many examples, and agrees with the observations of others that even the likenesses of various animal heads are likewise occasionally engraved in the design. She also agrees that the most likely interpretation is that the human-like face is that of the river god Akragas, displayed within the features of the very emblem that is meant to represent him on the city’s coinage. This phenomenon continued to recur on silver issues of the city throughout the fifth century, culminating in the spectacular issue of rare drachms in the third period of coinage, where the features of the carapace are totally transformed into a stark human face peering out from the reverse (cf. Kraay-Hirmer 183).

64. SICILY, Akragas. Circa 338-317/287 BC. AR Hemidrachm(?) (13.5mm, 1.90 g, 1h). Horse running right / Crab; pellet below. CNP 506 var. (no pellet, letter above on reverse [Motya]); BAR Issue 1; HGC 2, 109 (same dies as illustration); SNG ANS 1110 (same dies). Toned, some find patina remaining, light roughness. VF. Very rare. ($300) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

65. SICILY, Entella. Punic issues. Circa 320/15-300 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 16.91 g, 7h). Head of Arethousa left, wearing wreath of grain ears, triple-pendant earring, and pearl necklace; four dolphins swimming around / Head of horse left; palm tree to right, †nJMM` (‘MMḤNT in Punic) below. Jenkins, Punic 149 (O47/R134); CNP 267; BAR Issue 4; HGC 2, 284; SNG Ashmolean 1487 (same dies); SNG Lloyd 1631 (same obv. die); de Luynes 1458 (same obv. die). EF, toned, minor die break on reverse. ($3000) From the Antiquarium Group. Ex Gasvoda Collection; Berk BBS 179 (24 May 2012), lot 92; Classical Numismatic Group 58 (19 September 2001), lot 135.

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66 67 66. SICILY, Entella. Punic issues. Circa 320/15-300 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25.5mm, 17.41 g, 12h). Wreathed head of Arethusa left; three dolphins around, small swastika behind neck / Head of horse left; palm tree to right, †nJMM` (Punic ‘MMḤNT) below. Jenkins, Punic 191 (O56/R168); CNP 267b; HGC 2, 284; Rhousopoulos 4612 (same dies). Lightly toned, underlying luster, a little die wear and short, light scratch on obverse. Good VF. ($1500) From the John L. Cowan Collection, purchased from Pegasi Numismatics, 20 September 2003.

67. SICILY, Entella. Punic issues. Circa 300-289 BC. AR Tetradrachm (22.5mm, 17.10 g, 9h). Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Head of horse left; palm tree to right, †nJM[∆M`] (Punic [‘MH]MḤNT) below. Jenkins, Punic 308 (O97/ R256); CNP 271; HGC 2, 293 corr. (varying legend); Hunterian 12 (same dies). Lightly toned, compact flan, minor die breaks, a few spots of die rust on obverse. Good VF. ($1500) From the John L. Cowan Collection. Ex Pegasi BBS 135 (13 February 2007), lot 185; Classical Numismatic Group XXVII (29 September 1993), lot 423.

68. SICILY, Galaria. Circa 460-450 BC. AR Litra (10.5mm, 0.62 g, 12h). Zeus Soter seated left, holding scepter, upon which eagle sits left / Dionysos standing left, holding kantharos and grape bunch. Campana, Galaria 1b/3 (D1/R3 – this coin); HGC 2, 331. Toned, minor porosity. Near EF. Very rare. ($1000) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 63 (21 May 2003), lot 82.

69. SICILY, Gela. Circa 480/75-475/70 BC. AR Tetradrachm (23.5mm, 17.14 g, 4h). Charioteer, holding kentron in left hand and reins in right, driving slow quadriga right; above, Nike flying right, crowning horses with open wreath held in both hands / Forepart of bearded man-headed bull (river god) right; sÅ-¬-E-1 along lower edge; all within shallow incuse circle. Jenkins, Gela, Group II, 104 (O32/R59); HGC 2, 338; SNG Copenhagen 251; Hermitage Sale II 252; de Luynes 940 and 944; Jameson 580 (all from the same dies). Toned, compact flan (typical for issue), peripheral striking flaw on obverse. VF. ($1500) From the John L. Cowan Collection, purchased from Pegasi Numismatics, 14 June 2005.

70. SICILY, Gela. Circa 480/75-475/70 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24.5mm, 17.29 g, 8h). Charioteer, holding kentron in left hand and reins in right, driving slow quadriga right; above, Nike flying right, crowning horses with open wreath held in both hands / Forepart of bearded man-headed bull (river god) right; sÅ-¬-E-1 along lower edge; all within shallow incuse circle. Jenkins, Gela, Group II, 108 (O33/R62); HGC 2, 338; Rogers Collection (R. Ratto, 24 June 1929), lot 93 (same dies). Lightly toned. Good VF. ($3000) Ex Gorny & Mosch 141 (10 October 2005), lot 39 (incorrect Jenkins number cited).

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71 72 71. SICILY, Himera. Circa 530-520/15 BC. AR Drachm (20mm, 5.37 g). Cock standing left; ¨6 to left / Incuse square with mill-sail pattern enclosed within segmented linear border. Kraay Group IVc, 105 (D74/R62); HGC 2, 421; SNG Lockett 779 = Pozzi 448 (same obv. die). Toned, slight roughness, overstruck on earlier issue (traces of cock visible on reverse). EF. Well centered. ($2000) Ex Berk BBS 170 (29 July 2010), lot 66.

72. SICILY, Himera. Circa 483/2-472/1 BC. AR Didrachm (18.5mm, 8.61 g, 2h). Cock standing left / Crab within shallow incuse circle. Westermark, Himera 80 (O12/R39); HGC 2, 438. Deeply toned, minor die break on obverse, slightly off center on reverse. Good VF. ($500) From the Baldwin Maull Collection, purchased from Numismatic Fine Arts (Edward Gans), 1957.

73. SICILY, Katane. Circa 461-450 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25.5mm, 17.18 g, 9h). River god Amenanos, in the form of a man-headed bull, crouching right; laurel branch above; below, fish right / Nike advancing left, holding tainia in extended right hand; ˚Åt-ŘE running along left edge. Mirone 13 (same obv. die as illustration); HGC 2, 559 (same dies as illustration); SNG ANS 1235 (same dies); SNG Lloyd –; Basel –; Dewing –; Gulbenkian 175; Hunt II 225 (same obv. die); Jameson 1891 (same dies); Kraay & Hirmer 29; Randazzo 48–53 (same dies); Rizzo pl. IX, 3 (same dies). Toned, some die wear and porosity. Good VF. Very rare, fewer than 20 specimens known with the branch on the obverse. ($7500) Ex Peus 392 (2 May 2007), lot 4082 (hammer €9500); Gemini I (11 January 2005), lot 22; Berk CICF Sale (23 March 1995), lot 13.

Artistic Tetradrachm from Katane

74. SICILY, Katane. Circa 450-445 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25.5mm, 17.36 g, 3h). Charioteer, holding kentron in right hand and reins in both, driving slow quadriga right / Head of Apollo right, wearing laurel wreath; ˚ÅtŘÅ5-o-˜ around. Mirone 30–3; HGC 2, 566 (this coin illustrated); SNG ANS 1240–6; SNG Lloyd 891–3; Boston MFA Supp. 22 = Pozzi 410 (same dies); Gillet 381 (same dies); Kraay & Hirmer 35; Rizzo pl. X, 1–14. Attractive gray tone with golden hues in the devices, minor flan flaw on obverse. Near EF. ($15,000) From the Antiquarium Group. Ex Gasvoda Collection; Triton XXII (9 September 2019) lot 118 (hammer $18000); Gorny & Mosch 236 (7 March 2016), lot 35; Peter Guber Collection (Manhattan Sale II, 4 January 2011), lot 59.

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75. SICILY, Leontini. Circa 476-466 BC. AR Drachm (17mm, 4.26 g, 4h). Nude horseman riding right / Head of roaring lion right; four barley grains around. Boehringer, Münzgeschichte 14 = BMC 16 (same dies); HGC 2, 681. Old cabinet tone. VF. Rare. ($500) From the Baldwin Maull Collection, purchased 1950s-early 1960s.

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77

76. SICILY, Leontini. Circa 440-430 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 17.08 g, 6h). Wreathed head of Apollo left / Head of roaring lion right within linear circle surrounded by four barley grains. Cf. Boehringer, Münzgeschichte 51 (same obv. die, but rev. type left with no circle); HGC 2, –; SNG ANS 233 (same dies); SNG Lloyd 1060 (same dies); Athena Fund II 211 (same dies); Gillet 448 = Kunstfreund 92 (same dies); Rizzo pl. XXIII, 20 (same dies). Toned, a little die rust on obverse. VF. ($1000) From the John L. Cowan Collection, purchased from Pegasi Numismatics, 4 February 2011.

77. SICILY, Lilybaion (as ‘Cape of Melkart’). Circa 330-305 BC. AR Tetradrachm (23mm, 14.94 g, 10h). Charioteer driving fast quadriga left; above, Nike flying right, crowning charioteer; [†eQ¬Mße (RŠMLQRT in Punic) in exergue] / Wreathed head of Kore-Persephone left; three dolphins around. Jenkins, Punic 55 (O19/R42); CNP 327; HGC 2, 744. Toned. VF. ($1000) From the Baldwin Maull Collection, purchased from Coin Galleries, 1955.

78 79 78. SICILY, Messana. 460-456 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 17.11 g, 9h). Charioteer driving biga of mules right; above, Nike flying right, crowning mules; leaf with fruit in exergue / Hare springing right. Caltabiano Series VI, 170 (D95/ R98); HGC 2, 780; SNG Ashmolean 1829 (same dies). Lightly toned. VF. ($750) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 79 (17 September 2008), lot 85.

79. SICILY, Messana. 425-421 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25.5mm, 16.91 g, 10h). The nymph Messana driving biga of mules right; above, Nike advancing right, crowning horses; laurel leaf in exergue / Hare springing right; below, dolphin right. Caltabiano Series XIII, 500b (D202’/R208 – this coin); HGC 2, 787. Old collection tone, some minor roughness. VF. ($1000) From the Baldwin Maull Collection, purchased from Coin Galleries, 1962. Ex Coin Galleries (15 October 1955), lot 347.

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A Pedigreed Masterpiece Published by Cahn

80. SICILY, Naxos. Circa 460 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28mm, 17.23 g, 11h). Bearded head of Dionysos right, wearing tainia decorated with an ivy branch / Silenos, nude and bearded, squatting facing, his head turned left, looking at a kantharos he is holding up in his right hand, and supporting himself with his left hand on the ground to the lower right, his tail emerges from behind, and extends across the ground below; ˜-Åc5-o˜ around; all within shallow concave circle. Cahn 54.25 (this coin); HGC 2, 983; SNG ANS 515; SNG Fitzwilliam 1108; SNG Lloyd 1150 = Warren 271; SNG Lockett 840; Gulbenkian 230–1; Bement 418; Berlin 571; BMC 7–8; Boston MFA 302–3; Hunt IV 79; Jameson 673; Kraay & Hirmer 6; Locker-Lampson 79; de Luynes 1060; McClean 2466; Rhousopoulos 349; Rizzo pl. XXVIII, 2; Weber 1466; (all from the same dies). Attractively toned, with much of the find patina remaining, some minor scratches at the end of Dionysos’ beard. Struck at an early die state, thus only a hint of die break that develops on the obverse is visible. EF. Well centered and struck. A masterpiece of late Archaic art with exceptional composition. ($500,000) Ex collection of Edmond Dresse de Lesbioles, Liege; Ars Classica XVII (3 October 1934), lot 174. Located on the eastern shore of Sicily in the shadow of Mt. Aitna, Naxos was the oldest of the Greek colonies on the island, founded in 735 BC by colonists from Chalkis in Euboia and Ionia. According to the historian Thucydides (1.100), Naxos established its own colony by founding Leontini in 730 BC, which was soon followed by the foundation of a second colony, Aitna, later known as Katane. Owing to the fertility of the surrounding volcanic soil of Mt. Aitna, Naxos developed an economy of viticulture, and along with Leontini and Katane, became very prosperous. This wealth attracted the attention of Syracuse, which subjugated Naxos in 476 BC, removing its citizens along with those of Katane to Leontini. Following the death of Hieron in 461 BC, the Naxians were able to return to their homes and refound their city. In commemoration, this issue of tetradrachms was struck (Carmen Arnold-Biuuchi, The Randazzo Hoard [1990], p. 29). Featuring Dionysos on the obverse and the satyr Silenos, the half-man, half goat follower of Dionysos, on the reverse, they are one of the most famous coin types minted in antiquity. A superb example of early classical art, while still retaining some of the typical elements of archaic art, these tetradrachms were struck from a single pair of dies. The artist, clearly a master die-engraver and arguably the finest of his time anywhere in the Greek world, is known today as the “Aitna Master”, after a unique tetradrachm of Aitna in the Bibliothèque royale de Belgique (for a discussion of the “Aitna Master” and his association with this tetradrachm of Naxos, see François de Callataÿ, “On the Style of the ‘Aitna Master’ from Eastern Sicily,” Israel Museum Studies in Archaeology, Volume 3 [2004], pp. 43-52). While the head of Dionysos is exceptional in its modeling, the kneeling Silenos is even more striking for its mastery of anatomical techniques, including the foreshortening of the right leg. Here, the clearly inebriated Silenos is managing to balance himself, but the manner in which he peers at his cup adds a trace of naturalistic humor to the composition.

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81. SICILY, Segesta. Circa 475/0-455/0 BC. AR Didrachm (21mm, 8.55 g, 5h). Hound standing right, on the scent / Head of female right, hair in thin band, within pelleted circular border. Hurter, Didrachmenprägung, Series 2, 24a (V5/R19 – this coin, illustrated); HGC 2, 1114; SNG Copenhagen 571 (same rev. die); SNG Delepierre 597 = Hermitage Sale II 307 (same rev. die); Jameson 697 (same obv. die); de Luynes 1105 (same rev. die); McClean 2530 (same rev. die). Toned, a little porosity on obverse. Good VF. ($2000) Ex Gemini I (11 January 2005), lot 30; Gorny & Mosch 102 (24 May 2000), lot 69; Triton I (2 December 1997), lot 291.

Pedigreed to 1957

82. SICILY, Segesta. Circa 412/0-400 BC. AR Didrachm (22.5mm, 8.21 g, 7h). Hound advancing right, on the scent; three grain ears in background; retrograde ethnic between two exergual lines / Head of the nymph Segesta right, hair in band. Hurter, Didrachmenprägung 195kk (V61/R110 – this coin); HGC 2, 1152; SNG ANS 644; SNG Lloyd 1187 = Bement 322; BMC 38; Boston MFA 314–5 = Warren 281–2; Dewing 673; Jameson 710; Pozzi 529 (all from the same dies). Darkly toned, area of weak strike and minor porosity. Good VF. ($1500) From the Baldwin Maull Collection. Ex Hess-Leu 36 (April 1957), lot 91.

Exceptional Silenos Tetradrachm

83. SICILY, Selinos. Circa 455-409 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 17.44 g, 8h). Artemis, holding reins in both hands, driving slow quadriga left; beside her, Apollo standing left, drawing bow; ˜o-5t-˜-o˜5¬Es around / River god Selinos, nude, standing left, holding in right hand a phiale over altar to left, cradling in left arm a branch; before altar, cock standing left; to right, selinon leaf above bull standing left on basis; s-E¬-5-˜o-s around above. Schwabacher 4 (Q1/S4); HGC 2, 1220; SNG Lloyd 1222 (same dies); BMC 25 (same dies); Berlin 576 (same dies); Kraay & Hirmer 186 (same obv. die); Rhousopoulos 372 (same dies). Beautifully toned, minor deposits on reverse. Choice EF. Perfectly centered on a broad flan. Among the finest known. ($30,000) From the Antiquarium Group. Ex Gasvoda Collection, purchased from Edward J. Waddell (inv. 54010); Leu 36 (7 May 1985), lot 57.

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Ex American Numismatic Society and Leggett Collections

84. SICILY, Selinos. Circa 455-440 BC. AR Didrachm (22mm, 8.67 g, 12h). Herakles, nude, standing right, holding club overhead in right hand, preparing to strike the Cretan Bull, standing right in background, which he holds by a horn with his left hand; no-5-ton-5¬-Es around / River god Hypsas, nude, standing left, holding branch in left hand and phiale in right from which he sacrifices over serpent-entwined altar to left; to right, selinon leaf above heron stepping right; [˙UY-Ås above]. HGC 2, 1224; SNG ANS 709 (same dies); SNG Lloyd 1265 (same dies); Gillet 496 = Kunstfreund 102 (same dies); Kraay & Hirmer 187; Rizzo pl. XXXI, 17 (same obv. die). Lovely old cabinet toning, a couple of die breaks. EF. ($5000) Ex Hirsch 264 (25 November 2009), lot 81; Duplicates from the American Numismatic Society Collection (Gemini V, 6 January 2009), lot 338 (ANS acc. no. 1997.9.131); John D. Leggett, Jr. Collection (†1997); Hess-Leu [3] (27 March 1956), lot 144.

85. SICILY, Syracuse. Gelon I. 485-478 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 16.05 g, 1h). Struck circa 480 BC. Charioteer driving slow quadriga right; above, Nike flying right, crowning horses / Head of Arethousa right, wearing tainia; four dolphins around. Boehringer Series IV, 46 (V27/R30); HGC 2, 1304; SNG ANS 10; Bement 444; Boston MFA 331 = Warren 294; Jameson 738; de Luynes 1147; Pozzi 550 (all from the same dies). Toned, some roughness. VF. Superb late archaic style. Rare. ($1000) From the John L. Cowan Collection, purchased from Jonathan Kern, 14 April 2006. Ex Leu inventory 32286 (2005; ticket included).

86. SICILY, Syracuse. Gelon I. 485-478 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 18.35 g, 11h). Struck circa 478-475 BC. Charioteer driving slow quadriga right; above, Nike flying right, crowning horses / Head of Arethousa right, wearing tainia; four dolphins around. Boehringer Series IXa-X, – (unlisted dies); HGC 2, 1306. Lightly toned, minor double strike. Good VF. Well centered. Very rare with unpublished dies, neither are present in the Comiso, Ognina, Randazzo, or Selinute hoards. ($2000) Ex Künker 153 (14 March 2009), lot 8155.

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87. SICILY, Syracuse. Hieron I. 478-466 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 17.25 g, 10h). Struck circa 478-475 BC. Charioteer, holding kentron in right hand, reins in left, driving quadriga right; above, Nike flying right, crowning horses with open wreath held in both hands / Head of Arethousa right, wearing pearl tainia and necklace; s¨RA-kos5o˜ and four dolphins around. Boehringer Series VIIIb, 172 (V75/R120); HGC 2, 1306; Randazzo 339–41 (same dies). Dark iridescent tone, slight die shift on reverse. Near EF. ($3000) From the Richard Sharf Collection, purchased from Palladium Numismatics, 11 June 1994.

New Die Combination

88. SICILY, Syracuse. Hieron I. 478-466 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 17.32 g, 5h). Struck circa 475-470 BC. Charioteer driving slow quadriga right; above, Nike flying right, crowning horses / Head of Arethousa right, wearing tainia; four dolphins around. Boehringer Series XIIa or XIIb, – (V156/R211 [unlisted die combination]); HGC 2, 1307; cf. Randazzo 487–93/469 (for obv./rev. dies). Toned, light scratches and marks on reverse. Good VF. Well struck. ($1000) From the John L. Cowan Collection, purchased from Pegasi Numismatics, 4 February 2011. This coin is struck with a reverse die of Boehringer Series XIIa paired with an obverse die from Series XIIb.

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90

89. SICILY, Syracuse. Second Democracy. 466-405 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 17.15 g, 2h). Struck circa 450 BC. Charioteer driving slow quadriga right; above, Nike flying right, crowning horses; in exergue, ketos right / Head of Arethousa right, wearing thin tainia; four dolphins around. Boehringer Series XV, 540 (V275/R378); HGC 2, 1311; SNG ANS 177; BMC 85; SNG München 1018-9; McClean 2663 (all from the same dies). Toned, some porosity. Good VF. ($1500) Ex Triton XIII (5 January 2010), lot 1030; Morton & Eden (25 May 2004), lot 292; Lanz 20 (13 April 1981), lot 107.

90. SICILY, Syracuse. Second Democracy. 466-405 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29mm, 17.15 g, 8h). Struck circa 450-440 BC. Charioteer driving slow quadriga right; above, Nike flying right, crowning charioteer; in exergue, ketos right / Head of Arethousa right, hair bound in thin band; four dolphins around. Boehringer Series XVIb, – (V288/R391 [unlisted die combination]); SNG ANS 184 (same rev. die); Boston MFA 378–9 (same obv. die); Bement 79 (same rev. die); Jameson 769 (same rev. die); Pozzi 581 (same rev. die). Toned, die breaks, a few spots of roughness. Near VF. ($1000) From the John L. Cowan Collection. Ex Pegasi BBS 152 (22 August 2017), lot 40; Lanz 22 (10 May 1982), lot 148 (incorrect Boehringer number referenced).

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91. SICILY, Syracuse. Second Democracy. 466-405 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24.5mm, 17.37 g, 12h). Struck circa 420-415 BC. Charioteer driving slow quadriga right; above, Nike flying left, crowning charioteer / Head of Arethousa right, wearing sphendone; four dolphins around. Boehringer Series XXIV, 721-2 var. (V355/R- [unpublished rev. die]); HGC 2, 1323; SNG ANS 243-4 (same obv. die). Lightly toned, typical compact flan, a couple minor die breaks on reverse. Good VF. ($1500) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 82 (16 September 2009), lot 299; Collection C.G. (Classical Numismatic Group 76.1, 12 September 2007), lot 156; Classical Numismatic Group 40 (with Numismatica Ars Classica, 4 December 1996), lot 863.

92. SICILY, Syracuse. Second Democracy. 466-405 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 17.30 g, 5h). Dies signed by Eumenes. Struck circa 415-409 BC. Charioteer driving fast quadriga left; above, Nike flying right, crowning charioteer; [E]-¨µ˙@o¨ in exergue / Head of Arethousa left, hair in band; E¨µ˙@-o¨ behind neck, four dolphins swimming around. Fischer-Bossert, Coins 23 (V9/R16 – this coin); Tudeer 24; HGC 2, 1328; SNG ANS 258 = Bement 494; SNG Lloyd 1367; SNG Lockett 961; BMC 144; Boston MFA 400 = Warren 370; Dewing 841; Gillet 611; Jameson 792 (all from the same dies). Lightly toned, underlying luster, minor flan flaws, slightly off center and minor doubling on reverse. Good VF. ($2000) From the John L. Cowan Collection, purchased from Pegasi Numismatics, 5 June 2004.

In the Style of Euainetos

93. SICILY, Syracuse. Dionysios I. 405-367 BC. AR Dekadrachm (32mm, 43.34 g, 2h). Unsigned dies in the style of Euainetos. Struck circa 405-380/67 BC. Charioteer, holding kentron in extended right hand and reins in left, driving fast quadriga left; above, Nike flying right, crowning charioteer with wreath held in her extended hands; below heavy exergual line, [military harness, shield], greaves, cuirass, and crested Attic helmet, all connected by a horizontal spear; [ÅQ¬Å below] / Head of Arethousa left, wearing wreath of grain ears, triple-pendant earring, and pearl necklace; sU-rÅ-[k-o-s5W@] above, scallop shell behind neck, four dolphins swimming around. Gallatin dies R.XVIII/F.VIII; Scavino 53 (D16/R27); HGC 2, 1299; SNG Copenhagen 693 (same dies); SNG Fitzwilliam 1279 (same rev. die); SNG Lockett 991 (same rev. die); de Luynes 1247 (same rev. die). Toned, compact flan, minor die shift, minor flan flaws on reverse. VF. ($10,000) From the John L. Cowan Collection. Ex Pegasi X (5 May 2004), lot 96.

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94 95 94. SICILY, Syracuse. Timoleon and the Third Democracy. 344-317 BC. AR Stater (21.5mm, 8.47 g, 11h). Pegasos flying left / Helmeted head of Athena right. Pegasi 1; HGC 2, 1400. Lovely iridescent cabinet tone, flan crack, some roughness on reverse, light chipping along edge. EF. In spite of its flaws, this is a stunning coin in hand. ($500) From the John L. Cowan Collection, purchased from Pegasi Numismatics, 28 September 2012.

Ex American Numismatic Society and Newell Collections 95. SICILY, Syracuse. Agathokles. 317-289 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24.5mm, 16.33 g, 7h). Struck circa 317-310 BC. Wreathed head of Arethousa left; three dolphins around, @5 below neck / Charioteer driving fast quadriga left; counterclockwise triskeles above, [ in exergue. Ierardi 33a (O6/R17) = SNG ANS 638 (this coin); BAR Issue 2; HGC 2, 1348; SNG Fitzwilliam 1331 (same dies); de Luynes 1317 (same dies). Old cabinet tone, compact flan, some roughness, scratches under tone on reverse. Good VF. ($1000) From the John L. Cowan Collection. Ex Kirk Davis FPL 55 (March 2009), no. 13; Duplicates from the American Numismatic Society Collection (Gemini V, 6 January 2009), lot 377; ANS accession no. 1944.100.56980 (from the 1944 Edward T. Newell Bequest); Edward T. Newell Collection.

96. SICILY, Syracuse. Agathokles. 317-289 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26.5mm, 16.90 g, 11h). Struck circa 310-306/5 BC. Wreathed head of Kore right / Nike standing right, erecting trophy to right; triskeles to lower left. Ierardi 144 (O37/R97); BAR Issue 23; HGC 2, 1536. Toned, traces of find patina. Good VF. ($1500) From the John L. Cowan Collection, purchased from Pegasi Numismatics, 3 June 2006. Ex Künker 71 (12 March 2001), lot 100; Numismatic Fine Arts XVIII (31 March 1987), lot 60.

97. SICILY, Syracuse. Philistis, wife of Hieron II. 275-215 BC. AR 16 Litrai – Tetradrachm (27.5mm, 14.12 g, 1h). Struck circa 218/7-214 BC. Diademed and veiled bust left; to right, d above palm frond / Nike driving fast quadriga right; E below. CCO 28 (D5/R13); BAR Issue 65; HGC 2, 1554. Deep iridescent tone, light marks, slight wave in flan. Good VF. ($1000) From the John L. Cowan Collection, purchased from Kirk Davis, 4 February 2011.

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98. SICILY, Syracuse. Fifth Democracy. 214-212 BC. AR 12 Litrai (23mm, 10.13 g, 1h). Helmeted head of Athena left / Artemis standing left, drawing bow; below, hound springing left; Â5 to left. Burnett, Enna 11 (dies 3/f); BAR Issue 84; HGC 2, 1412; SNG Copenhagen 877 (same dies). Toned, trace deposits, overstruck on uncertain type. Near EF. ($1000) From the John L. Cowan Collection, purchased from Pegasi Numismatics, 11 September 2004.

99. SICILY, Tauromenion. Campanian mercenaries. 354/3-344 BC. AR Litra (11mm, 0.54 g, 1h). Horse galloping right, trailing rein / TA monogram within wreath. Campana (Kampanoi) 1; HGC 2, 1605; SNG ANS (Campani) 1233 = Weber 1260 (same obv. die); SNG Ashmolean 2128 (same obv. die); BMC (Campani) 1 (same obv. die). Toned, some porosity. Good VF. Very rare. ($300) Ex Numismatica Ars Classica Q (6 April 2006), lot 1164.

100. SICILY, Tauromenion. Circa 345-338 BC. AR Litra (9mm, 0.77 g, 3h). Head of bull facing / Grape bunch on vine. Campana 5; BAR Issue 2; HGC 2, 1574 (circa 344-315 BC). Lightly toned, a little porosity. Good VF. Rare. ($500) Ex Elsen 72 (14 December 2002), lot 144.

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101. CARTHAGE. Circa 350-320 BC. AV Stater (18.5mm, 9.19 g, 7h). Carthage mint. Head of Tanit left, wearing wreath of grain ears, triple-pendant earring, and necklace with eight pendants / Horse standing right on exergual line; three pellets to right of foreleg. Jenkins & Lewis Group IIIg–h; CNP 1.5h; MAA 4. Some light scratches and slight die shift on reverse. EF. ($15,000) The North African metropolis of Carthage was the great rival of Rome for dominance in the post-Hellenistic Ancient World. Led by an exiled priestess from Tyre named Dido, Phoenician colonists from the Levant first colonized the Tunisian coast of North Africa in 814 BC. According to legend, upon landfall of her wandering band, Dido approached the local Berber chieftain requesting a bit of land for their refuge. The chief said she could have “as much land as could be encompassed by an oxhide.” Dido cleverly cut the hide into thin strips and stretched them around a large hill, which became the citadel called Byrsa, or “hide,” an alternate name for Carthage. Dido went on to become the first queen of Carthage, which quickly grew in wealth to become a maritime powerhouse in the western Mediterranean. By the sixth century BC, Carthage had become a Republic run by a “senate” and two elected chief magistrates called suffets. Military and naval leadership was concentrated in a few wealthy families, mainly the Magonids and Barcids. In the 480s BC, Carthage sought to wrest control of Sicily from the Greeks, leading to two centuries of bitter warfare. By 270 BC, Carthage controlled most of the island, as well as southern Spain and Sardinia. Fortresses and mints were established at diverse places to produce coins used to pay the largely mercenary army. Gold Coinage Carthage struck its first gold staters between 350 and 320 BC. These were of a nearly pure alloy and, at about 9.4 grams, weighed about 15% more than the contemporary Macedonian gold staters of Philip II and Alexander III the Great. The obverse bore the image of the goddess Tanit, chief deity of Carthage, her hair wreathed in grain ears and her neck encircled by a multi-pendant necklace. The reverse depicted a free horse standing, symbolic of Carthage’s much-feared cavalry arm. Varying numbers of pellets provided quality control at the mint. These beautiful coins represented a huge amount of buying power and attracted thousands of professional soldiers from many cities and tribal affiliations into Carthaginian service. As time went on, Carthaginian staters were debased with silver and reduced in weight--hence the much more numerous Carthage staters produced after 320 BC are now termed electrum. Carthage also struck silver, billon and bronze coins, both at its main North African mint and at its fortress cities in Sicily and Spain. The Sicilian issues, based on Greek designs, are now termed “Siculo-Punic” (“Punic” is a Latin term for “Phoenician”) coins. The main purpose of all these coins was to pay the Carthaginian army and navy. War With Rome The stage was now set for the collision with Rome, newly dominant in Italy. Starting in 265 BC, Carthage and Rome fought three titanic wars that produced more death and destruction than any other world conflict before the 20th century. After its defeat in the First Punic War (265-241 BC), Carthage lost control of Sicily but compensated by conquering much of Spain, so that by 220 BC the city was once again ready to challenge Rome. In the Second Punic War (218-201 BC), the great Carthaginian general Hannibal nearly destroyed Roman power with a string of devastating victories, but he was unable to deliver the coup de gras and eventually lost the final battle, and the war, at Zama on the outskirts of Carthage in 202 BC. Despite a punitive peace treaty, Carthage once again recovered its prosperity. Rome responded by preemptively attacking and utterly destroying the city in 149-146 BC.

102. CARTHAGE. Circa 350-320 BC. AV Stater (18.5mm, 9.25 g, 7h). Carthage mint. Head of Tanit left, wearing wreath of grain ears, triple-pendant earring, and necklace with eight pendants / Horse standing right on exergual line; three pellets to right of foreleg. Jenkins & Lewis Group III; CNP 1.5h; MAA 4. A few light marks and scuffs. EF. ($10,000) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Giessener Münzhandlung 46 (30 October 1989), lot 445.

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103. CARTHAGE. Circa 320-310 BC. EL Stater (19mm, 7.64 g, 11h). Carthage mint. Wreathed head of Tanit left, wearing necklace with ten pendants / Horse standing right. Jenkins & Lewis Group IVb, 198 (same dies); MAA 9; CNP 2.5; SNG Copenhagen –; SNG Lloyd 1659 (same dies). Lightly toned, some die wear on reverse. EF. ($2000)

Ex Lockett Collection

104. CARTHAGE, First Punic War. Circa 264-241 BC. BI Dishekel (28mm, 11.82 g, 12h). Carthage mint. Wreathed head of Tanit left / Horse standing right; palm tree in background, pellet between leg and tree. MAA 44a; CNP 184d; SNG Copenhagen –; SNG Lockett 1071 (this coin). Toned, small area of weak strike. EF. Good silver content. ($750) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Triton I (2 December 1997), lot 641; Richard Cyril Lockett Collection (Part I, Glendining, 25 October 1955), lot 976.

105. CARTHAGE, First Punic War. Circa 264-241 BC. BI Dishekel (26mm, 10.57 g, 12h). Carthage mint. Wreathed head of Tanit left; symbol of Tanit behind neck / Horse standing right; palm tree in background; symbol of Tanit between tree and forelegs. MAA 44 var. (control mark); CNP 186; SNG Copenhagen –; de Luynes 3799. Dark green-brown patina. VF. Very rare with symbol of Tanit. ($500)

106. CARTHAGE, Libyan Revolt. Circa 241-238 BC. BI Shekel (20.5mm, 7.67 g, 12h). Head of Herakles left, wearing lion skin / Lion standing right; M (Punic M) above. Carradice & La Niece 1; CNP 433b; MAA 53; SNG Copenhagen 239. Darkly toned, softly struck. Good VF. Excellent metal for issue. ($1000) From the Baldwin Maull Collection, purchased from J. Florange, 1955.

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Ex Moretti Collection

107. CARTHAGE, Second Punic War. Circa 220-205 BC. AR Quarter Shekel (15mm, 1.91 g, 12h). Carthage mint. Head of Tanit left, wearing wreath of grain ears, single-pendant earring, and necklace / Horse standing right. MAA 78; CNP 25; SNG Copenhagen 335. Toned, small patch of find patina. Near EF. Well centered and struck. ($300) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex A.D. Moretti Collection (Numismatica Ars Classica O, 13 May 2004), lot 1014.

108. CARTHAGE, Second Punic War. Circa 203-201 BC. BI Tridrachm (25.5mm, 9.15 g, 12h). Wreathed head of Tanit left / Horse standing right, head left. MAA 81; CNP 103; SNG Copenhagen 390. Toned. EF. Well centered, and good silver for issue. ($500) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

109. SKYTHIA, Olbia. Circa 437-410 BC. Cast Æ (68mm, 101.51 g, 1h). Facing gorgoneion / Sea eagle flying right, wings spread, holding in its talons a dolphin right; A-P-I-X around. Anokhin 168; Karyshkovskij p. 395, Таб. III=B, 2; Frolova & Abramzon 156–8; SNG BM Black Sea 383; HGC 3, 1881. Green and brown patina, light earthen deposits. VF. ($1500)

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Second and Finest Known

110. THRACE, Ainos. Circa 425/4-423/2 BC. AR Tetradrachm (22mm, 16.25 g, 4h). Head of Hermes left, wearing petasos with pelleted rim / Goat standing left, lowering its head to smell a lily plant to left; Å5@ above; all within incuse square. May, Ainos 205 (A120/P142) = Ars Classica XIII, no. 579 corr. (rev. type); HGC 3, 1268. EF, iridescent toning, some porosity. Extremely rare, the second known of this issue, and the only one with clear types. ($10,000) From the Antiquarium Group. Ex Gasvoda Collection; Friend of a Scholar Collection (CNG inventory 405839); Münzen und Medaillen AG 73 (17 October 1988), lot 42. The previous known example, from Ars Classica XIII, is horribly preserved, with some tooling on the reverse obscuring the bent foreleg of the goat as well as the flower.

111. THRACE, Ainos. Circa 408/7-407/6 BC. AR Diobol (11mm, 1.30 g, 7h). Head of Hermes right wearing petasos / Goat standing right; crab below raised foreleg; all within incuse square. May, Ainos 304 var. (A–/P205 [unlisted obv. die]); AMNG II 295; HGC 3, 1274; SNG Ashmolean 3538 (same rev. die). Attractively toned. Good VF. Excellent metal. ($300) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 36 (5 December 1995), lot 1854.

112. THRACE, Byzantion. Circa 260-245 BC. AV Stater (19mm, 8.56 g, 12h). In the name and types of Lysimachos. Diademed head of the deified Alexander right, with horn of Ammon / ∫Å%5¬EW% 2U%5;ÅcoU, Athena Nikephoros seated left, left arm resting on shield, transverse spear in background; uncertain monogram in exergue. Marinescu – (unlisted monogram, but obv. die O31 [issue 27]); HGC 3, 1374. Toned, minor doubling and slightly off center on reverse. Near EF. Extremely rare. ($3000) From the John L. Cowan Collection, purchased from Pegasi Numismatics, 9 February 2009.

113. THRACE, Maroneia. Circa 365-330s BC. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 11.30 g, 12h). Ikesio–, magistrate. Horse rearing left, trailing rein; µÅrW below / Grape arbor in linear square; Eπ5 5˚E-s5[o] around, kerykeion to left; all within shallow incuse square. Schönert-Geiss 426 (V9/R15); HGC 3, 1533; SNG Lockett 1200 (same obv. die); BMC 126 (same obv. die); West 92 (same obv. die). Even deep gray tone, trace of blue-green deposits, area of flat strike on reverse. Good VF. ($1000) Ex Triton XXI (9 January 2018), lot 375.

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114. THRACE, Maroneia. Circa 365-330s BC. AR Tetradrachm (23mm, 11.42 g, 6h). Choregos, magistrate. Horse rearing left, trailing rein / Grape arbor in linear square; Eπ5 cor-E˝-o around, fly to upper left; all within shallow incuse square. Schönert-Geiss 434 (V15/R21); West 111b = SNG Copenhagen 606 (same dies); HGC 3, 1533. Underlying luster. EF. Finely executed dies with the obverse struck in high relief. ($2000) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex CNG inventory 784671 (February 2007); Ponterio 141 (12 January 2007), lot 1450.

115. THRACE, Odessos. Circa 120-90 BC. AR Tetradrachm (34mm, 16.52 g, 1h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; QE in left field, y below throne. Callataÿ Group 1, dies D9/R- (unlisted rev. die); Topalov, Odesos 69; Price 1181; HGC 2, 1587. Lightly toned. Choice EF. ($750) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 57 (4 April 2001), lot 200.

116. THRACE, Orthagoreia. Circa 340s-330s BC. AR Stater (23mm, 10.15 g, 7h). Bust of Artemis right, quiver over shoulder / Chalkidian helmet facing; star above, £ below. AMNG III/2, 2; HGC 3, 599. Old cabinet tone. VF. ($1000) From the Baldwin Maull Collection, purchased from Spink, 1959. The conventional placement of Orthagoreia in Macedon is perplexing. Both of the only ancient literary sources, Strabo 7a.1.48 and Pliny, HN 4.42–3, place the city in Thrace, and all of the recorded find spots of its coinage are in Thrace (see Psoma, Maroneia, pp. 193–4). While the city was likely founded by Philip II, some of whose rare silver fractions mimic the obverse types of Orthagoreia’s silver, and the reverse type is of a Chalkidian helmet, these Macedonian connections provide insufficient evidence to place the city in Macedonia. The traditional attribution dates back to Eckhel (ii.76), who cited a late source that (erroneously) identified Orthagoreia with Stageira in Macedonia. B.V. Head and others reiterated this attribution, while P. Gardner (History of Ancient Coinage, p. 325) and H. Gaebler (AMNG III/2, p. 92) accurately challenged this evidence, and insisted the city was in Thrace. Interestingly, though, Gaebler still listed these coins in his volume of AMNG on Macedon, which likely perpetuated the incorrect notion of the city’s location. Among the standard references, apparently only the catalogers of SNG Copenhagen and SNG Fitzwilliam recognized the attribution to Thrace. With a large quantity of bronze issues of Orthagoreia appearing in the excavations at Maroneia, S. Psoma devoted a chapter of her work on the coin finds of Maroneia to review the totality of evidence on the city (Psoma, Maroneia, pp. 193–204). She convincingly argues that Orthagoreia was founded in the vicinity of cape Serrhion by Philip II, in connection with his campaigns in Thrace in the 340s BC. Evidence suggests that the city was originally populated with Macedonian settlers and was later synoecized with Maroneia near the end of the 4th century BC. No evidence of the city exists from the Hellenistic period, so it appears that Orthagoreia did not flourish after the time of Alexander, and was eventually abandoned or destroyed.

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118 117 117. ISLANDS off THRACE, Samothrace. Circa 500-465 BC. AR Hemidrachm (12mm, 2.09 g, 5h). Sphinx seated left, raising forepaw / Head of lion left in dotted square, all within incuse square. Schwabacher, Fund 9; HGC 6, 304. Dark find patina. VF. Very rare. ($1500) From the Rye Collection.

118. ISLANDS off THRACE, Thasos. Circa 500-480 BC. AR Eighth Stater – Diobol (10.5mm, 1.17 g). Satyr running right / Quadripartite incuse square. Le Rider, Thasiennes 4; HGC 6, 333. Toned, slight granularity. Good VF. Well centered and fine style. ($300) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Tkalec (28 October 1994), lot 62.

119. ISLANDS off THRACE, Thasos. Circa 150-140 BC. AR Tetradrachm (35.5mm, 17.00 g, 12h). Head of young Dionysos right, diademed and wearing ivy wreath / HPAKΛEOYΣ ΣΩTPOΣ ΘAΣIΩN, Herakles, nude, standing facing, head left, right hand placed on grounded club to left, lion skin draped over left arm; Â to inner left. Prokopov, Silberprägung, Group VI, – (V F2/R 75 [unlisted die combination]); Le Rider, Thasiennes 51; HGC 6, 358. EF, toned. Struck from fine style, high relief dies. ($3000) From the Antiquarium Group. Ex Gasvoda Collection; Nomos 11 (9 October 2015), lot 47 (incorrect obverse die noted).

120. ISLANDS off THRACE, Thasos. Circa 140-110 BC. AR Tetradrachm (30.5mm, 16.87 g, 11h). Wreathed head of young Dionysos right / Herakles standing facing, head left, holding club, lion skin draped over left arm; monogram to inner left. Prokopov, Silberprägung, Group IX, 178–9 var. (V Ib2/R– [unlisted rev. die]); Le Rider, Thasiennes 51; HGC 6, 358. Good VF. Well centered. ($300)

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Unique

121. KINGS of THRACE, Macedonian. Lysimachos. 305-281 BC. AR Drachm (19mm, 4.23 g, 12h). Abydos mint. Struck 297/6-282/1 BC. Diademed head of the deified Alexander right, with horn of Ammon / Athena Nikephoros seated left, arm resting on shield, transverse spear in background; to outer left, head of griffin left; monogram to inner left. Cf. Thompson 70 and 75 (tetradrachm); cf. Müller 126 (tetradrachm); cf. HGC 3, 1753 (for type). EF, toned, off center on obverse, minor die shift on reverse. Unique lifetime drachm of Lysimachos type from Abydos. ($500) Drachms of Lysimachos type were previously known at Abydos from an extremely rare posthumous issue dating to the second century BC (cf. CNG 106, lot 320); no lifetime issues are recorded.

122 123 122. KINGS of THRACE, Macedonian. Lysimachos. 305-281 BC. AR Drachm (19mm, 4.22 g, 5h). Ephesos mint. Struck circa 294-287 BC. Diademed head of the deified Alexander right, with horn of Ammon / Athena Nikephoros seated left, left arm resting on shield, transverse spear in background; kithara to inner left, Å on throne. Thompson 174; Müller 355; HGC 3, 1753d. Toned, trace die rust on obverse, slight die shift on reverse. EF. ($500) From the John L. Cowan Collection. Ex Kirk Davis FPL 51 (Spring 2007), no. 16.

123. KINGS of THRACE, Macedonian. Lysimachos. 305-281 BC. AR Drachm (18.5mm, 4.28 g, 9h). Ephesos mint. Struck circa 294-287 BC. Diademed head of the deified Alexander right, with horn of Ammon / Athena Nikephoros seated left, left arm resting on shield, transverse spear in background; kithara to inner left, Å on throne. Thompson 174; Müller 355; HGC 3, 1753d. Lightly toned, underlying luster, a little die rust on obverse, slight die shift on reverse. EF. Fine style dies. ($500) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex CNG Inventory 716793 (October 1999); Vecchi 16 (9 October 1999), lot 149.

124 125 124. THRACO-MACEDONIAN REGION, Siris. Circa 525-480 BC. AR Stater (21mm, 8.85 g). Ithyphallic satyr standing right, grasping hand of nymph fleeing right; three pellets around (only two visible) / Quadripartite incuse square divided diagonally. Peykov A0020; HPM pl. VIII, 4; HGC 3, 531 (“Lete”). Toned, a couple light marks on reverse. Near EF. Good metal for issue. ($1500) Ex Dr. Walter Stoecklin (†1975) Collection (Obolos 10, 30 June 2018), lot 40, purchased from Frank Sternberg, Zürich.

125. THRACO-MACEDONIAN REGION, Siris. Circa 525-480 BC. AR Stater (20mm, 9.88 g). Ithyphallic satyr standing right, grasping hand of nymph fleeing right; three pellets around / Quadripartite incuse square divided diagonally. Peykov A0020; HPM pl. VIII, 421; HGC 3, 531 (“Lete”). Deep cabinet tone. Good VF. ($1000) From the Baldwin Maull Collection, purchased from Numismatic Fine Arts (Edward Gans), 1956. Ex Münzen und Medaillen AG 32 (17 June 1954), lot 1081.

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126

127

126. THRACO-MACEDONIAN REGION, Uncertain. Circa 500-450 BC. AR Diobol(?) (12mm, 1.37 g). Forepart of horse right / Quadripartite incuse square. Cf. Tzamalis 81 (fraction); HGC 3, –; Leu Numismatik AG 1, lot 30; Gemini IX, lot 84. Attractively toned, hairline flan crack, a hint of die wear on obverse. Good VF. Well centered and good metal. Very rare. ($300) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

127. MACEDON, Akanthos. Circa 430-390 BC. AR Tetrobol (13.5mm, 2.17 g). Forepart of bull left, head right; ∏ and swastika above / Quadripartite incuse square with granulated recesses. AMNG III/2, 35; HGC 3.1, 392. Toned. EF. Exceptional for issue. ($500) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Belgica Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 106, 13 September 2017), lot 120, purchased from Tradart.

128. MACEDON, Eion. Circa 480-470 BC. AR Diobol (8.5mm, 0.70 g). Goose standing right, head left; small ring to upper left / Incuse square. AMNG III/2, –; SNG ANS 271 corr. (ring not noted); CNG 97, lot 72. Toned, slight die wear, fine cleaning marks on reverse. EF. Very rare with ring. ($300) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

129. MACEDON, Neapolis. Circa 375-350 BC. AR Hemidrachm (14mm, 1.88 g, 1h). Chian standard. Gorgoneion with protruding tongue / Head of nymph right within circular incuse. AMNG III/2, 13; HGC 3, 588. Deeply toned. In NGC encapsulation, graded XF, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 5/5, Fine Style. ($600) Ex Auctiones AG 15 (18 September 1985), lot 66.

130. KINGS of MACEDON. Alexander I. 498-454 BC. AR Tetrobol (15.5mm, 2.02 g, 5h). Light standard. Aigai mint. Struck circa 480/79-477/6 BC. Horse standing right / Helmeted head right in linear square within shallow incuse square. Raymond Group I, 43 (A9/P7); HGC 3, 773; SNG ANS 19 (same dies). Toned, minor roughness. Good VF. Rare. ($300) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 82 (16 September 2009), lot 403.

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131. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip II. 359-336 BC. AR Tetradrachm (22mm, 14.32 g, 8h). Amphipolis mint. Struck circa 355-349/8 BC. Laureate head of Zeus right / Philip on horseback left, raising hand; bow below raised foreleg. Le Rider Group IB, 152 (D71/R126); SNG ANS 481–2 (same obv. die); Pozzi 855 (same obv. die). Attractively toned, granular surfaces. Near EF. Fine style and well struck. ($2000) From the John L. Cowan Collection. Ex Pegasi XII (3 May 2005), lot 116.

132. KINGS of MACEDON. Alexander III ‘the Great’. 336-323 BC. AV Stater (17.5mm, 8.59 g, 10h). Amphipolis mint. Struck under Antipater, circa 328/5-323 BC. Helmeted head of Athena right / Nike standing left, holding wreath and stylis; kantharos in left field. Price 168; Troxell, Studies, Series 2, – (O19/RC8 [unlisted die combination]). Underlying luster. Good VF. Well centered and struck. ($2000) From the John L. Cowan Collection. Ex Pegasi BBS 121 (29 January 2001), lot 3.

133. KINGS of MACEDON. Alexander III ‘the Great’. 336-323 BC. AV Distater (22mm, 17.12 g, 11h). Amphipolis mint. Struck under Antipater, circa 325-323/2 BC. Head of Athena right, wearing necklace, single-pendant earring, and triplecrested Corinthian helmet adorned with a coiled serpent / ŬE$Å@droU, Nike standing left, holding wreath in extended right hand, cradling stylis in left arm; trident head downward in left field. Price 171; Troxell, Studies, Group A, 532–3; Ars Classica XV, lot 477 (same dies). Edge marks, tiny die break in field on obverse, small scrape on reverse. VF. ($7500) From the John L. Cowan Collection, purchased from Pegasi Numismatics, 14 February 2007. Ex Classical Numismatic Group XXX (11 June 1994), lot 43.

134

135

134. KINGS of MACEDON. temp. Alexander III – Philip III. Circa 324/3-320 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 17.19 g, 6h). In the name of Alexander III. Arados mint. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; ¬ in left field, Û below throne. Price 3320; Duyrat Group IV, Series 5, 326 (D66/R132). Attractive iridescent toning. EF. ($1000) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

135. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip III Arrhidaios. 323-317 BC. AR Tetradrachm (23.5mm, 17.17 g, 6h). In the name of Alexander III. Amphipolis mint. Struck under Antipater, circa 322-320 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; Phrygian cap in left field. Price 112; Troxell, Studies, Issue H2. Attractive old deep iridescent tone. Good VF. Well centered. ($500) From the Baldwin Maull Collection, purchased from Coin Galleries, 1955.

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136. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip III Arrhidaios. 323-317 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 14.33 g, 9h). In the types of Philip II. Pella mint. Struck under Antipater or Polyperchon, circa 323-318/7 BC. Head of Zeus left, wearing laurel wreath / f5¬5π-πoU, nude youth, holding palm in right hand, rein in left, on horseback right; Q below raised foreleg. Le Rider Group III, 437 (D231/R358); SNG ANS 430 (same obv. die); SNG Ashmolean 2490 (same obv. die). Attractively toned. Good VF. Rare with head left. ($3000) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 53 (15 March 2000), lot 181; Triton I (2 December 1997), lot 417.

137

138

137. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip III Arrhidaios. 323-317 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 17.19 g, 3h). In the name and types of Alexander III. Pella mint. Struck under Antipater or Polyperchon, circa 323-318/7 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; Q below throne. Price 214; Moore 88–94 var. (dies 31/– [unlisted rev. die]); ANS 1944.100.29345 (same obv. die). Some faint cleaning scratches on obverse. Superb EF. Perfectly centered and struck, fine style. ($1000) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Triton XIII (5 January 2010), lot 109. The style of the dies of this particular piece clearly reflects the work of a master engraver. The obverse is rendered in a delicate manner that has a lifelike character unseen in most Alexander tetradrachms. Most salient is the reverse. While it, too, retains the same elegant style of the obverse, what is striking is the attempt to depict Zeus in true perspective, as evidenced by the far leg of the throne that is visible beside Zeus’ right leg. This feature is only known on two dies for this issue, one used for this coin, while the other struck the reverse of ANS 1944.100.29338. Only one other coin is known with this feature, struck from the same dies as the present coin, sold as lot 34 in an unknown sale in October 1969 (its illustration is preserved in the ANS photofile).

138. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip III Arrhidaios. 323-317 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29mm, 17.17 g, 12h). Babylon mint. Struck under Archon, Dokimos, or Seleukos I, circa 323-318/7 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, facing head of Helios, drapery at neck; kU below throne. Price P205. Underlying luster. Choice EF. ($1000) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

139. KINGS of MACEDON. temp. Philip III – Kassander. Circa 323/2-315 BC. AV Stater (18mm, 8.57 g, 3h). In the name and types of Philip II. Amphipolis mint(?). Head of Apollo right, wearing laurel wreath / f5¬5ππoU, charioteer, holding kentron in right hand, reins in left, driving fast biga right; aphlaston below. Le Rider Group IIIB, 247 (D102/R195); SNG ANS 274 (same obv. die). Lustrous, a couple marks and small deposit at edge, tiny flan flaw on reverse. EF. Rare issue, Le Rider notes only six examples with this control mark. ($3000) From the John L. Cowan Collection. Ex Cederlind 145 (18 December 2007), lot 33; Cederlind 145 (18 December 2007), lot 97.

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140. KINGS of MACEDON. Antigonos I Monophthalmos. As Strategos of Asia, 320-306/5 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 17.04 g, 10h). In the name and types of Alexander III. Susa mint. Struck under Aspesias, Satrap of Susiana, circa 316311 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; wreath in left field; below throne, Å5 above strut, Z below. Price 3857. Toned, minor deposits, small flan flaw on obverse. EF. High relief. ($500)

141. KINGS of MACEDON. Kassander. As Regent, 317-305 BC, or King, 305-298 BC. AV Stater (19mm, 8.65 g, 7h). In the name of Alexander III. Amphipolis mint. Struck circa 307-300 BC. Helmeted head of Athena right / Nike standing left, holding wreath and stylis; in left field, trident head downward; ~ below left wing, ŬE$Å@droU to right. Price 180 (same rev. die as illustration); Troxell, Ants, Issue 4; Dewing 1116 (same rev. die). Lustrous surfaces, fine cleaning marks and small die flaw on obverse. Superb EF. Exceptional for issue, struck from fresh dies. ($3000) Ex Triton V (15 January 2002), lot 1288; Athena Fund (Part II, Sotheby’s Zurich, 27 October 1993), lot 401.

142. KINGS of MACEDON. Demetrios I Poliorketes. 306-283 BC. AR Tetradrachm (30mm, 17.13 g, 9h). Amphipolis mint. Struck circa 289-288 BC. Diademed and horned head right / Poseidon Pelagaios standing left, foot on rock, holding trident; : to outer left, M to outer right. Newell 121 (dies CXXIII/232 [unlisted die combination]); HGC 3, 1014b; Pozzi 962 (same obv. die). Dark iridescent tone. In NGC encapsulation, 4529184-002, graded Ch XF, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 4/5. ($1500) Ex Gorny & Mosch 244 (13 October 2014), lot 194.

143. KINGS of MACEDON. Antigonos III Doson. 229-221 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29.5mm, 17.13 g, 12h). Amphipolis mint(?). Struck circa 227-225 BC. Head of Poseidon right, wearing wreath of marine plants / Apollo, testing bow in extended right hand, seated left on prow left inscribed ∫Å%5¬EW% Å@t5˝o@oU; f below. Panagopoulou Group 33, 137 (O21/R135 [die combination erroneously listed as no. 136 on the plates]); EHC 436; Touratsoglou 52–3; HGC 3, 1051; Hermitage Sale II 775 (same dies). Underlying luster, some die wear. Near EF. ($2000) From the John L. Cowan Collection. Ex Berk BBS 201 (13 July 2017), lot 67.

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144. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip V. 221-179 BC. AR Didrachm (23.5mm, 8.26 g, 12h). Pella or Amphipolis mint; Zoilos, mintmaster. Struck circa 184-179 BC. Diademed head right / Club; g (mintmaster’s monogram) above, 6 and y below; all within oak-wreath; trident to outer left. Mamroth, Philip 23; HGC 3, 1059. Toned, light scratch on obverse. Good VF. Well centered. ($750) From the John L. Cowan Collection, purchased from Peus, 3 March 2017.

Choice Perseus Tetradrachm

145. KINGS of MACEDON. Perseus. 179-168 BC. AR Tetradrachm (31.5mm, 16.87 g, 11h). Attic standard. Pella or Amphipolis mint; Zoilos, magistrate. Struck circa 174–173 BC. Diademed head right / ∫Å%5-¬EW% ∏Er-%EW%, eagle, wings spread, standing right on thunderbolt; g (mintmaster’s monogram) above, Â5 to right, f below; all within oak wreath; below, plow right. Mamroth, Perseus 8; HGC 3, 1091; SNG Copenhagen 1267; SNG Manchester 745. Attractively toned, minor die shift on reverse. Superb EF. Well centered on a broad flan. Wonderful portrait. ($3000) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Leu 81 (16 May 2001), lot 188 (hammer 7200 CHF); Numismatic Fine Arts XX (9 March 1988), lot 685.

146. KINGS of MACEDON. Perseus. 179-168 BC. AR Tetradrachm (32mm, 15.26 g, 12h). Reduced standard. Pella or Amphipolis mint; Au-, mintmaster. Struck circa 171-168 BC. Diademed head right / Eagle, wings spread, standing right on thunderbolt; ã above, Q (mintmaster’s monogram) to right, h between legs; all within oak wreath; below, plow left. Mamroth, Perseus 18b var. (different bottom monogram) and 20b, 22, and 26 var. (different top monogram); HGC 3, 1094; Gemini V, lot 72 corr. (same dies, incorrect Mamroth number listed). Toned, slight die shift and die wear on obverse. Good VF. Very rare with these control marks. ($1000) From the John L. Cowan Collection, purchased from Pegasi Numismatics, 8 September 2016. Ex Pegasi XXX (21 May 2014), lot 89.

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148 147 147. MACEDON (Roman Protectorate), Republican period. First Meris. Circa 167-149 BC. AR Tetradrachm (32.5mm, 16.98 g, 3h). Amphipolis mint. Diademed and draped bust of Artemis right, bow and quiver over shoulder, in the center of a Macedonian shield / Club; A and µÅkEdo@W@ above, ∏rWt˙% and ï below; all within oak wreath, thunderbolt to left. Prokopov, Silver 106 (O33/R86); HGC 3, 1103. Deeply toned, underlying luster, minor deposits on reverse. EF. A very nice example of this type. ($750) Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

148. MACEDON (Roman Province). Aesillas. Quaestor, circa 95-70 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29mm, 16.57 g, 11h). Uncertain mint. Head of the deified Alexander the Great right; # before neck / Money chest, club, and chair; all within wreath; tiny ∫ below. Bauslaugh Group III, dies O14/R83; HGC 3, 1110. Lightly toned, with underlying luster, small edge flaw. EF. An attractive example of the type. ($1000) Ex Dr. A.V. Collection, Bavaria, acquired in Switzerland in the 1980s .

149. KINGS of PAEONIA. Patraos. Circa 335-315 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24.5mm, 12.80 g, 9h). Astibos or Damastion mint. Laureate head of Apollo right / Warrior on horse rearing right, thrusting spear at enemy lying below who defends with shield. Paeonian Hoard 431 (this coin); Peykov E2160; HGC 3, 148. Toned. EF. Well centered on a broad flan. ($500) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Triton IV (5 December 2000), lot 183; Leu 77 (11 May 2000), lot 186; Catalog of the Paeonian Hoard (Sotheby & Co., 16 April 1969), lot 431; Paeonia 1968 Hoard (IGCH 410; CH I, 40).

150. KINGS of PAEONIA. Patraos. Circa 335-315 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 12.57 g, 8h). Astibos or Damastion mint. Laureate head of Apollo right / Warrior on horse rearing right, thrusting spear at enemy lying below who defends with shield. Paeonian Hoard 455–60 (same dies); Peykov E2160; HGC 3, 148. Toned. EF. Well struck for issue. ($500) From the Midwest Collection. Ex Hess-Divo 329 (17 November 2015), lot 60 (hammer 1100 CHF).

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Ex American Numismatic Society, Bement, and Mathey Collections

151. EPEIROS, Ambrakia. Circa 426-404 BC. AR Stater (19mm, 8.45 g, 6h). Pegasos flying right / Helmeted head of Athena left; to right, owl standing left, head facing. Ravel, Colts 70f (A36/P48) = Bement 964 (this coin); Pegasi 43; HGC 3, 202. Attractive old cabinet tone, some die wear on obverse, slightly off center on reverse. Good VF. ($500) From the Baldwin Maull Collection, acquired as a duplicate from the American Numismatic Society in 1956. Ex Clarence S. Bement Collection (Naville VI, 28 January 1923), lot 964, acquired from the Paul Mathey Collection (not in 1913 Feuardent sale).

152. EPEIROS, Federal coinage (Epirote Republic). Circa 234/3-168 BC. AR Drachm (20mm, 4.45 g, 11h). Lykos, magistrate. Laureate head of Zeus right; ¬U˚o1 to right, è below, ˚ below chin / Eagle standing right on thunderbolt; all within wreath. Franke Group II, Series 18, 141 (V82/R94); HGC 3, 171; SNG Copenhagen 122 (same dies). Deeply toned, patches of find patina, old scratches under tone on reverse. VF. Very rare issue, only one example noted by Franke (the Copenhagen piece), none in CoinArchives. ($500) From the AMA Collection.

153. KORKYRA, Korkyra. Circa 433/2-375/60 BC. AR Stater (20mm, 11.21 g, 4h). Cow standing left, looking back at suckling calf standing right below / Vertical double stellate pattern, divided by double line, in double linear square border; ˚ to right; all within linear circle border. Fried Group III, dies 91/– (unlisted rev. die); HGC 6, 35. Bright surfaces, die break on obverse. EF. High relief. ($500)

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Larissa Inhabited since Paleolithic times, Larissa was an important agricultural center and in antiquity was particularly renowned for its horses. Like many other towns in the Pelasgiotis region of Thessaly, its name was of Pelasgian origin meaning “citadel”. According to the Scholiast on Apollonios (1.1, v.40), Larissa at the time of Homer was called Argissa, and it is thought to be where the famous Greek physician Hippocrates and the famous philosopher Gorgias of Leontini died. The city was home to the most important of Thessaly’s aristocratic families – the Aleuadai, who before 369 BC frequently furnished the ταγός.The principal rivals of the Aleuadai were the Scopadai of Krannon. Larissa was the birthplace of Meno, who, along with Xenophon (among others), led the ill-fated expedition of Greek mercenaries in 401 BC to help Cyrus the Younger overthrow his elder brother Artaxerxes II and take the throne of Persia. Meno is also the subject of a Platonic dialogue of the same name. Larissa was directly annexed by Philip II of Macedon in 344 BC. In 302 BC, Demetrios Poliorketes gained possession of Larissa for a time. It was in Larissa that Philip V of Macedon in 197 BC signed a treaty with the Romans after his defeat at Kynoskephalai. In 192 BC, Antiochos III won a great victory there during the Roman-Syrian War. In 196 BC, Larissa became an ally of Rome and the headquarters of the Thessalian League. Pompey sought refuge at Larissa after his defeat at Pharsalos in 48 BC.

Pedigreed to 1937

154. THESSALY, Larissa. Circa 450/40-420 BC. AR Drachm (18.5mm, 6.06 g, 6h). Thessalos, nude but for petasos and cloak tied at neck, holding band across horns of bull leaping left / Horse leaping right, trailing rein, within incuse square. Lorber, Thessalian 52; BCD Thessaly II 175 (this coin); HGC 4, 420. Beautiful old collection tone. Good VF. ($1000) Ex Roma IV (30 September 2012), lot 126 (hammer £2400); BCD Collection (Triton XV, 3 January 2012), lot 175; G. Hirsch 156 (25 November 1987) lot 115; Robert Ball FPL 39 (April 1937), 339. The taurokathapsia was a form of bull fighting that was popular at many games in the ancient Greek world, and particularly in Crete and Thessaly. Scenes of this event are depicted on coins from various cities of Thessaly, but the type is especially prevalent in the 5th century BC coinage at Larissa, which provides much of the current evidence about the taurokathapsia today. In the Thessalian version of the event, a man on horseback was to chase down and subdue a bull. He first rode alongside the running bull, then grabbed the bull by the horns and jumped from his steed onto the back of the bull. Still holding the horns, the rider then dismounted the bull, and attempted to wrestle it to the ground. A detailed account of this type of taurokathapsia scene is described in Heliodoros, Aeth. 10, 28-30. Interestingly, the early phase of the event is not depicted on the coins at Larissa, but can be seen on rare issues of Atrax (BCD Thessaly II 53), where the rider is pursuing the bull, and the Thessalian League (BCD Thessaly II 897), where the rider is shown moving from his horse to the bull.

155. THESSALY, Larissa. Circa 380-365 BC. AR Drachm (19mm, 6.18 g, 8h). Middle facing head type. Head of the nymph Larissa facing slightly left, hair tied with grain ears / Mare and foal standing right. L-S Series 6, Type A, dies O2/R2; BCD Thessaly 295; HGC 4, 445. Toned, double struck on reverse. Near EF. Dies of fine style. Rare. ($1000) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex BCD Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 311, 25 September 2013), lot 130.

Ex Lockett Collection

156. THESSALY, Larissa. Circa 370-360 BC. AR Drachm (19mm, 5.99 g, 1h). Bull leaping right / Thessalian horseman, wearing tunic, chlamys, and petasos, holding lance, galloping right. Lorber, Thessalian 101; BCD Thessaly II 186; HGC 4, 449; SNG Lockett 1429 (this coin). Old collection tone. Good VF. ($1000) From the Baldwin Maull Collection. Ex Richard Cyril Lockett Collection (Part VI [Greek Part II], Glendining, 12 February 1958), lot 1429; Münzhandlung Basel IV (1 October 1935), lot 662.

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157 158 157. THESSALY, Larissa. Circa 365-356 BC. AR Drachm (18.5mm, 5.96 g, 7h). Head of the nymph Larissa facing slightly left, wearing ampyx and [necklace] / Horse standing right, preparing to lie down. Lorber, Hoard, Phase L-II, 27–8; BCD Thessaly II 316; HGC 4, 453. Toned, slight granularity, some roughness on reverse. EF. Fine style. ($1000) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

158. THESSALY, Larissa. Circa 356-342 BC. AR Drachm (21mm, 6.10 g, 9h). Head of the nymph Larissa facing slightly left, wearing ampyx and necklace / Horse standing right, preparing to lie down. Lorber, Hoard, Phase L-III, 56 (same dies); BCD Thessaly II 319; HGC 4, 454 corr. (illustration for 453 and 454 switched). Deep iridescent tone, slightly irregular flan, tiny flaw on obverse. Good VF. ($750)

159 160 159. THESSALY, Pharsalos. Mid-late 5th century BC. AR Hemidrachm (14.5mm, 3.02 g, 2h). Helmeted head of Athena right / Head of horse right within incuse square. Lavva 32 (V21/R20); BCD Thessaly II 664.1 (same dies); HGC 4, 630. Toned. Good VF. Struck on a broad flan. ($300) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 99 (13 May 2015), lot 111.

160. THESSALY, Thessalian League. Mid-late 1st century BC. AR Stater (24.5mm, 5.29 g, 1h). Polyxenos and Eukolos, magistrates. Head of Zeus right, wearing oak wreath; c/m to right: grain ear in rectangular incuse / Athena Itonia striding right; ∏o¬¨-$E@[o¨] above spear, E¨˚o¬o% in exergue. BCD Thessaly II 878.2; HGC 4, 210. Deep gray and iridescent tone. Near EF. ($300) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

161. AKARNANIA, Federal Coinage (Akarnanian Confederacy). Circa 250-200 BC. AR Drachm (19mm, 4.98 g, 12h). Leukas mint; Lykourgos, magistrate. Head of river-god Achelӧos right; ¬U˚oUr˝o% to left / Apollo Aktios seated left on throne, holding bow. Imhoof-Blumer, Akarnaniens 20; BCD Akarnania 24.1 (this coin); HGC 4, 724. Attractive old collection tone. VF. Well centered. Rare denomination. ($750) Ex BCD Collection (Münzen & Medaillen GmbH 23, 18 October 2007), lot 24.1; Myers 13 (9 December 1976), lot 135; Glendining (21 June 1972), lot 171.

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Tsangari Plate Coin

162. AITOLIA, Aitolian League. Circa 205-150 BC. AR Triobol (16mm, 2.49 g, 5h). Head of Aitolia right, wearing kausia / Kalydonian boar standing right; · and ∆ below; in exergue, trident head right. Tsangari Series V, em. 66j, 1223c (D97/R166 – this coin, illustrated); BCD Akarnania 498 var. (position of monograms); HGC 4, 952. Attractively toned. Good VF. Well centered. ($300) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Baldwin’s 7 (2 May 1996), lot 30.

163. LOKRIS, Lokri Opuntii. Circa 370-360 BC. AR Stater (21.5mm, 12.15 g, 1h). Head of Persephone left, wearing wreath of grain ears, triple-pendant earring, and pearl necklace / Ajax, nude but for crested Corinthian helmet, holding sword in right hand, shield decorated with coiled serpent on left arm, advancing right on rocks; oπo@-t5W@OΠON-TIΩN flanking; below, spearhead right. H&D Group 6, 72d (O7A/R19 – this coin); BCD Lokris 18 (same dies); HGC 4, 989; Dewing 1475 (same obv. die). Toned, double struck on obverse. Good VF. ($3000) Ex Lanz 38 (24 November 1986), lot 255.

164. PHOKIS, Federal Coinage. Circa 460-458/7 BC. AR Obol (10mm, 0.94 g, 9h). Facing head of bull / Forepart of boar right within incuse square. Williams Period III, Section 10, 176 (O125/R107); BCD Lokris 229.5 (same obv. die); HGC 4, 1070. Old cabinet tone, minor deposits on obverse, die break on reverse. Near EF. Well centered and good metal. ($300) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

165. PHOKIS, Federal Coinage. Circa 449-447 BC. AR Hemidrachm (13.5mm, 2.99 g, 1h). Facing head of bull / Head of Artemis right, hair bound with tainia, within incuse square. Williams Period III, Section 12, 219 (O156/R127); BCD Lokris 243.2 (same rev. die); HGC 4, 1038. Toned, old collection number ‘141’ written in field on obverse, struck with worn reverse die. Near EF. ($500) From the Baldwin Maull Collection, purchased from Spink, 1960.

166. BOEOTIA, Federal Coinage. Circa 395-340 BC. AR Hemidrachm (15mm, 2.76 g). Boeotian shield / Kantharos; above, club right; to lower right, vertical crescent facing left. BCD Boiotia 40; HGC 4, 1166. Attractive old cabinet tone, slightly off center. EF. ($300) From the Baldwin Maull Collection, purchased 1950s-early 1960s.

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167. BOEOTIA, Thebes. Circa 425-400 BC. AR Stater (19mm, 11.96 g, 6h). Boeotian shield; club across upper half / Amphora within square incuse. BCD Boiotia 388; HGC 4, 1325. Toned. VF. ($500) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex BCD Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 75, 23 May 2007), lot 229.

168. BOEOTIA, Thebes. Circa 364-362 BC. AR Stater (23.5mm, 12.26 g). Epami(nondas), magistrate. Boeotian shield / Amphora; rosette above, E∏-ÅÂ5 across central field; all within concave circle. Hepworth, Epaminondas pl. 3, 3 (same rev. die); Hepworth 32 (same rev. die); BCD Boiotia 543 (this coin); HGC 4, 1333; Traité III 267 (pl. CCI, 16 - same rev. die). Toned, small dig on obverse. VF. Ex Peus 388 (1 November 2006), lot 122; Triton IX (10 January 2006), lot 543. ($1000) Remnants of the earlier form of the magistrate’s name, E∏-∏Å, are visible on the reverse. There are times when some of us wonder what the world would be like today if Alexander the Great had lived to a ripe old age. The same kind of “What if ...” thinking could be applied to Epaminondas. His premature death on the battlefield of Mantineia in 362 BC deprived Thebes of its greatest statesman and soldier, signalling the start of Thebes’ rapid decline into obscurity. If Epaminondas had lived to reap the benefits of his Mantineian victory, he would have undoubtedly proceeded to unite all Greece under his leadership. The next step would be to turn to the North and face Philip who, instead of finding a divided Greece ready for the taking, would think twice before attempting to invade Thessaly. Whether then there would be a clash between the two emerging superpowers or a truce between them, is anybody’s guess. Perhaps Philip would remember the years he spent as a hostage in Thebes and his respect for the Theban statesman would prevail. The conquest of Asia would then materialize sooner and in a more permanent manner. But, like many great soldiers, Epaminondas inspired his men by leading them into battle and, instead of capitalizing on his genius, Thebes paid the price for his bravery.

169. BOEOTIA, Thespiai. Early-mid 4th century BC. AR Obol (10mm, 0.90 g). Boeotian shield / Crescent facing upward. BCD Boiotia 598; HGC 4, 1402; SNG Lockett 1763 (this coin). Old collection tone over find patina, small mark on obverse. Good VF. Well centered. ($300) From the Rye Collection. Ex Richard Cyril Lockett Collection (Part III, Glendining, 27 May 1959), lot 1606 (part of).

170. EUBOIA, Karystos. Circa 300-250 BC. AR Stater (22.5mm, 7.48 g, 1h). Cow standing right, head left toward calf suckling left / Cock standing right. Robinson, Carystus 24 (A3/P11); BCD Euboia 569; HGC 4, 1552. Old collection tone. VF. Well centered, good metal for issue. ($1000) From the Baldwin Maull Collection, purchased from Coin Galleries, 1960.

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171. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 465/2-454 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 17.15 g, 11h). Helmeted head of Athena right / Owl standing right, head facing, spread tail feathers; olive sprig to left; all within incuse square. Starr Group V.B, unlisted dies; HGC 4, 1596. Lightly toned, minor die rust and small die break on obverse. Near EF. Well centered. ($1500)

172. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 454-404 BC. AR Tetradrachm (23mm, 17.10 g, 6h). Helmeted head of Athena right, with frontal eye / Owl standing right, head facing, closed tail feathers; olive sprig and crescent to left; all within incuse square. Kroll 8; HGC 4, 1597. Toned, minor edge split. EF. Well centered and struck. ($1500) The certain elements of the style of this tetradrachm, particularly the palmette on Athena’s helmet and the stance of the owl, suggest that this coin was among the earliest issues in the ubiquitous “frontal eye”/classical tetradrachms of the mid-late 5th century at Athens, as these features more closely resemble those found on the later groups of early-mid 5th century issues analyzed by Chester Starr.

Attractive Compact Head with Full Crest

173. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 454-404 BC. AR Tetradrachm (23.5mm, 17.17 g, 11h). Head of Athena right, with frontal eye, wearing earring, necklace, and crested Attic helmet decorated with three olive leaves over visor and a palmette on the bowl / Owl standing right, head facing; olive sprig to left, ¡QE to right; all within incuse square. Kroll 8; HGC 4, 1597; SNG Copenhagen 31; SNG München 49; Dewing 1591–7; Gulbenkian 519–21; Kraay & Hirmer 362. Toned, underlying luster. EF. Exceptional compact bust, allowing for full crest to appear on the usually compact flans of this period. ($3000) 54


174. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 454-404 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24.5mm, 17.19 g, 10h). Helmeted head of Athena right, with frontal eye / Owl standing right, head facing, closed tail feathers; olive sprig and crescent to left; all within incuse square. Kroll 8; HGC 4, 1597. Lustrous. Choice EF. Well centered. ($1000)

175 176 175. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 454-404 BC. AR Tetradrachm (23mm, 17.18 g, 2h). Helmeted head of Athena right, with frontal eye / Owl standing right, head facing, closed tail feathers; olive sprig and crescent to left; all within incuse square. Kroll 8; HGC 4, 1597. Lustrous. Choice EF. Well centered. ($1000) 176. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 454-404 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 17.19 g, 9h). Helmeted head of Athena right, with frontal eye / Owl standing right, head facing, closed tail feathers; olive sprig and crescent to left; all within incuse square. Kroll 8; HGC 4, 1597. Lustrous. Choice EF. Well centered. ($1000)

177 178 177. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 454-404 BC. AR Tetradrachm (23.5mm, 17.20 g, 8h). Helmeted head of Athena right, with frontal eye / Owl standing right, head facing, closed tail feathers; olive sprig and crescent to left; all within incuse square. Kroll 8; HGC 4, 1597. Lustrous, scratch on obverse. Superb EF. Well centered. ($1000) 178. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 454-404 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24.5mm, 17.19 g, 7h). Helmeted head of Athena right, with frontal eye / Owl standing right, head facing, closed tail feathers; olive sprig and crescent to left; all within incuse square. Kroll 8; HGC 4, 1597. EF. Well centered with much of the crest visible. ($1000) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Roma E-Sale 28 (2 July 2016), lot 45 (hammer £2000).

179

180

179. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 454-404 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24.5mm, 17.17 g, 11h). Helmeted head of Athena right, with frontal eye / Owl standing right, head facing, closed tail feathers; olive sprig and crescent to left; all within incuse square. Kroll 8; HGC 4, 1597. Lightly toned, slightly off center on obverse. Good VF. Artistic dies. ($1000) As with the prior lot, the style of this piece places it among the earliest issues of the ubiquitous “frontal eye”/classical tetradrachms of the mid-late 5th century at Athens.

180. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 454-404 BC. AR Tetradrachm (22.5mm, 17.17 g, 7h). Helmeted head of Athena right, with frontal eye / Owl standing right, head facing, closed tail feathers; olive sprig and crescent to left; all within incuse square. Kroll 8; HGC 4, 1597. Lightly toned, underlying luster. EF. A well centered, compact bust of fine style. ($750) 55


A Selection of New Style Tetradrachms Around 165 BC, Athens introduced a new series of precious metal coinage. Colloquially called the “New Style Coinage” today, it represented a revolution in the coinage of Athens. Although it remained essentially an Athena/Owl type, this new coinage broke from the traditional, more archaic-style devices employed on the previous three centuries of Athenian coinage. The obverse now depicts the Athena Parthenos of Pheidias, wearing her triple-crested Attic helmet adorned on its visor with the foreparts of four or more horses, and a flying Pegasos on the bowl. On the reverse, the owl was now shown standing on a horizontal amphora, with an elaborate array of magistrates’ names, symbols, and other letters in the surrounding fields. The entirety of the reverse was enclosed within a large olive wreath. These new depictions were largely facilitated by the coins’ innovative flans that were far more broad, offering a larger canvas for the celator to fill. Unlike the previous two centuries, this coinage was produced on a large scale, as attested by its abundance in hoards. This uptick is generally attributed to Athens’ recovery of the port of Delos in 166 BC. As with the fifth century issues, this New Style Coinage became an important and respected coinage in international trade, being found today at sites throughout the Mediterranean area, and was also imitated at a number of cities. The series reached its apogee in the early first century BC, but went into steep decline following Sulla’s capture of Athens in the spring of 86 BC. Until then, the coins were produced in an unbroken annual sequence, but were now relegated to a few disconnected, sporadic issues that ultimately came to an end in the 40s BC.

182 181 181. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 165-42 BC. AR Tetradrachm (37mm, 16.80 g, 12h). New Style coinage. Struck 165-150/49 BC. Helmeted head of Athena Parthenos right / Owl standing right, head facing, on amphora; a and J flanking; to right, two coiled serpents right; ∫ on amphora; all within wreath. Thompson 77a–b (same obv. die); HGC 4, 1602. Toned, struck with worn obverse die. Good VF. Struck on a broad flan. ($500) Lot includes an old Leu Numismatic AG stock ticket (pre 2005), priced at 1100 CHF.

182. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 165-42 BC. AR Tetradrachm (35.5mm, 16.91 g, 1h). New Style coinage. Struck 165150/49 BC. Helmeted head of Athena Parthenos right / Owl standing right, head facing, on amphora; a and J flanking; to right, two coiled serpents right; ∫ on amphora; all within wreath. Thompson 74–80 (unlisted obv. die); HGC 4, 1602. Darkly toned. Good VF. Struck on a broad flan. ($500) From the John L. Cowan Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group XXX (11 June 1994), lot 127.

183

184

183. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 165-42 BC. AR Tetradrachm (33mm, 16.58 g, 1h). New Style coinage. Struck 165-150/49 BC. Helmeted head of Athena Parthenos right / Owl standing right, head facing, on amphora; J and a flanking; to right, two coiled serpents right; uncertain letter on amphora; all within wreath. Thompson 83e = Svoronos, Monnaies pl. 35, 19 (same dies); HGC 4, 1602. Toned, areas of flat strike, double struck on reverse. Good VF. ($400) Ex Triton XIV (4 January 2011), lot 129.

184. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 165-42 BC. AR Tetradrachm (34mm, 16.85 g, 12h). New Style coinage. Struck 165-150/49 BC. Helmeted head of Athena Parthenos right / Owl standing right, head facing, on amphora; 1 and ê flanking; term of Hermes to left, uncertain letter on amphora; all within wreath. Thompson 88 (same obv. die); HGC 4, 1602. Toned, small area of flat strike. Good VF. ($500) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 69 (8 June 2005), lot 316.

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186

185

185. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 165-42 BC. AR Tetradrachm (34.5mm, 16.95 g, 1h). New Style coinage. Adei– and Helio(doros), magistrates. Struck 147/6 BC. Helmeted head of Athena Parthenos right / Owl standing right, head facing, on amphora; magistrates’ names in fields, trident to right, EU below amphora; all within wreath. Thompson 121a var. (position of names; same obv. die); HGC 4, 1602. Toned, off center on reverse. Good VF. ($500) Ex Ronald Cohen Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 66, 19 May 2004), lot 391.

186. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 165-42 BC. AR Tetradrachm (35mm, 16.93 g, 1h). New Style coinage. Pado– and Lysia–, magistrates. Struck 145/4 BC. Helmeted head of Athena Parthenos right / Owl standing right, head facing, on amphora; magistrates’ names in fields (the first partially in monogram form); År to lower left; to right, forepart of bridled horse right; all within wreath. Cf. Thompson 159/161 (for same obv. die/rev. type); HGC 4, 1602. Toned, slight weakness to strike. Good VF. ($500) Ex William and Louise Fielder Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 67, 22 September 2004), lot 577.

187

188

187. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 165-42 BC. AR Tetradrachm (33mm, 16.82 g, 12h). New Style coinage. Struck circa 144/3 BC. Helmeted head of Athena Parthenos right / Owl standing right, head facing, on amphora; ¡ to left, ∏ and filleted thyrsos to right, [uncertain letter on amphora], ÂE below; all within wreath. Thompson 180 (same dies); HGC 4, 1602. Toned, struck with worn obverse die. VF. Rare. ($500) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 100 (7 October 2015), lot 1384 (incorrect struck date listed).

188. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 165-42 BC. AR Tetradrachm (32mm, 16.81 g, 11h). New Style coinage. Miki–, and Theophra–, magistrates. Struck 137/6 BC. Helmeted head of Athena Parthenos right / Owl standing right, head facing, on amphora; magistrates’ names in fields; to right, Nike driving fast quadriga right; uncertain letter on amphora, %W below; all within wreath. Thompson 316c (same dies); HGC 4, 1602; Hunterian 93 (same dies). Lightly toned. Good VF. ($500) Ex John A. Seeger Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 76, 12 September 2007), lot 3053.

189. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 165-42 BC. AR Tetradrachm (31.5mm, 16.85 g, 12h). New Style coinage. Miki–, and Theophra–, magistrates. Struck 137/6 BC. Helmeted head of Athena Parthenos right / Owl standing right, head facing, on amphora; magistrates’ names in fields; to right, Nike driving fast quadriga right; ˚ on amphora, ÂE below; all within wreath. Thompson 321c; HGC 4, 1602. Lightly toned, minor double strike on obverse. EF. An attractive example in hand. ($750) Ex Garth R. Drewry Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 67, 22 September 2004), lot 578.

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190 191 190. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 165-42 BC. AR Tetradrachm (32mm, 16.71 g, 12h). New Style coinage. Mened–, Epigeno–, and Diodo–, magistrates. Struck 135/4 BC. Helmeted head of Athena Parthenos right / Owl standing right, head facing, on amphora; magistrates’ names in fields; to left, Asklepios standing left, holding serpent-entwined scepter; ∫ on amphora, ˙r below; all within wreath. Thompson 349a (same dies); HGC 4, 1602. Toned, area of slight roughness. EF. ($750) Ex Garth R. Drewry Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 67, 22 September 2004), lot 579.

191. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 165-42 BC. AR Tetradrachm (30.5mm, 16.84 g, 12h). New Style coinage. Mened–, Epigeno–, and Ophelu–, magistrates. Struck 135/4 BC. Helmeted head of Athena Parthenos right / Owl standing right, head facing, on amphora; magistrates’ names in fields; to left, Asklepios standing left, holding serpent-entwined scepter; d on amphora, %W below; all within wreath. Thompson 350f–g (same obv. die); HGC 4, 1602. Lightly toned, softly struck on obverse. Near EF. ($500) Ex Triton XIII (5 January 2010), lot 1225.

192 193 192. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 165-42 BC. AR Tetradrachm (30mm, 16.26 g, 12h). New Style coinage. Timarchos, Nikago–, and Lysia–, magistrates. Struck 134/3 BC. Helmeted head of Athena Parthenos right / Owl standing right, head facing, on amphora; magistrates’ names in fields, anchor and star to left, Z on amphora, %f below; all within wreath. Thompson 364c (same obv. die); HGC 4, 1602. Dark iridescent toning, a couple flat spots, die break on obverse. VF. ($500) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 72 (14 June 2006), lot 678; Berk BBS 103 (28 July 1998), lot 152; Coin Galleries Numismatic Review IV, 5-6 (1963), no. F63.

193. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 165-42 BC. AR Tetradrachm (31.5mm, 16.81 g, 11h). New Style coinage. Timarchos, Nikago–, and Lysia–, magistrates. Struck 134/3 BC. Helmeted head of Athena Parthenos right / Owl standing right, head facing, on amphora; magistrates’ names in fields, anchor and star to left, ¬ on amphora, ÂE below; all within wreath. Thompson 367c (same dies); HGC 4, 1602; BMC 503 (same dies). Dark iridescent tone, die shift on obverse. Near EF. ($500) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 75 (23 May 2007), lot 297.

194. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 165-42 BC. AR Tetradrachm (32mm, 16.93 g, 11h). New Style coinage. Dorothe(os), Dioph-, and Nikodo(ros), magistrates. Struck 132/1 BC. Helmeted head of Athena Parthenos right / Owl standing right, head facing, on amphora; magistrates’ names in fields; to right, griffin springing right; ˙ on amphora, d5 below; all within wreath. Thompson 388d; HGC 4, 1602. Lightly toned, delamination on obverse. EF. Pleasing style and attractive in hand. ( $750) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

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195 196 195. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 165-42 BC. AR Tetradrachm (30mm, 16.87 g, 12h). New Style coinage. Antiochos, Nikog–, and Nikon–, magistrates. Struck 131/0 BC. Helmeted head of Athena Parthenos right / Owl standing right, head facing, on amphora; magistrates’ names in fields; í to lower left; to right, elephant standing right; ∫ on amphora, %W below; all within wreath. Thompson 396/397c (for obv./rev. dies); HGC 4, 1635. toned, minor die breaks in field on obverse. Near EF. Very unusual with monogram in names. ($750) The monogram (of KH?) following the last letter of the third magistrate’s name is thought to be a patronymic or demotic.

196. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 165-42 BC. AR Tetradrachm (30mm, 16.30 g, 12h). New Style coinage. Apellikon, Gorgias, and Aristonous, magistrates. Struck 88/7 BC. Helmeted head of Athena Parthenos right / Owl standing right, head facing, on amphora; magistrates’ names in fields; to right, griffin springing right; [˝ on amphora, dÅ below]; all within wreath. Thompson 1132c (same dies); HGC 4, 1602. Toned, trace green deposits, area of flat strike. Good VF. ($500) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 70 (21 September 2005), lot 192.

197. ISLANDS off ATTICA, Aegina. Circa 525-480 BC. AR Hemidrachm – Quarter Stater (11mm, 3.13 g). Sea turtle, head in profile / Incuse square of “Union Jack” pattern with five incuse and three raised segments. Meadows, Aegina, Group IIa; Milbank –; cf. HGC 6, 446 (later issue); SNG Lockett 1962 (same dies). Lightly toned, a touch off center on obverse. VF. Very rare, from among the earliest hemidrachm issues of Aegina. ($300) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex CNG inventory 708172 (September 1998), purchased from Joe Linzalone, August 1998.

198. ISLANDS off ATTICA, Aegina. Circa 525-480 BC. AR Stater (17.5mm, 12.30 g). Sea turtle, head in profile, with thin collar and row of dots down its back / Incuse square with mill-sail pattern. Meadows, Aegina, Group IIb; Milbank pl. I, 11; Asyut Group IVa; HGC 6, 429. Toned. VF. ($750) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

199. ISLANDS off ATTICA, Aegina. Circa 525-480 BC. AR Drachm – Hemistater (13mm, 6.12 g). Sea turtle, head in profile, with thin collar and [row of dots down its back] / Incuse square with mill-sail pattern. Meadows, Aegina, Group IIb; Milbank –; HGC 6, 441. Lightly toned. VF. Rare denomination. ($500) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

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200. ISLANDS off ATTICA, Aegina. Circa 525-480 BC. AR Obol (7mm, 0.90 g). Sea turtle, head in profile, with thin collar and [row of dots down its back] / Incuse square with mill-sail-like pattern. Meadows, Aegina, Group IIb; Milbank pl. I, 8; HGC 6, –. Toned, some porosity. VF. Well struck. Very rare denomination for issue. ($300) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

201. ISLANDS off ATTICA, Aegina. Circa 480-457 BC. AR Stater (18mm, 12.29 g, 10h). Sea turtle, head in profile, with trefoil collar and ‘T-back’ design on shell / Large square incuse with skew pattern. Meadows, Aegina, Group IIIa; Milbank Period III, pl. I, 15; HGC 6, 435. Toned, two round countermarks overlapping on shell, containing, respectively, a head right and a head left. Good VF. ($1000) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Giessener Münzhandlung 67 (2 May 1994), lot 183.

202. ISLANDS off ATTICA, Aegina. Circa 480-457 BC. AR Obol (9mm, 1.04 g, 1h). Sea turtle, head in profile, with trefoil collar and ‘T-back’ design on shell / Large square incuse with skew pattern. Meadows, Aegina, Group IIIa; Milbank –; HGC 6, 450; SNG Lockett 1967. Toned. VF. Well centered on a broad flan, good metal. ($300) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Russel Bement, Jr. Collection (Triton III, 30 November 1999), lot 446.

Very Rare Profile Head Issue

203. ISLANDS off ATTICA, Aegina. Circa 456/45-431 BC. AR Stater (2020.5mm, 12.31 g, 9h). Land tortoise, head in profile left, with segmented shell / Large square incuse with heavy skew pattern. Meadows, Aegina, Group IIIb; Milbank pl. II, 13 var. (head in profile right); HGC 6, 437 var. (head not in profile). Toned. VF. Well centered and struck on a broad flan. Very rare with head in profile. ($2000) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

204. ISLANDS off ATTICA, Aegina. Circa 456/45-431 BC. AR Obol (10mm, 0.95 g, 6h). Land tortoise with segmented shell / Large square incuse with heavy skew pattern. Meadows, Aegina, Group IIIb; Milbank pl. II, 11; HGC 6, 445. Toned, light granularity. VF. ($300) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Russel Bement, Jr. Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 51, 15 September 1999), lot 345.

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205. CORINTHIA, Corinth. Circa 400-350/45 BC. AR Stater (22mm, 8.64 g, 3h). Pegasos flying left / Helmeted head of Athena right; to left, forepart of horse left. Ravel Period IV, 433 (P211/T321); Pegasi 143; BCD Corinth 55; HGC 4, 1833; Pozzi 1665 (same obv. die). Toned, slightly off center. Near EF. ($500) From the Rye Collection. Ex Fred V. Fowler Collection (Stack’s, 19 June 1969), lot 133.

206. CORINTHIA, Corinth. Circa 400-350/45 BC. AR Stater (20.5mm, 8.57 g, 2h). Pegasos standing right, tethered to a ring / Helmeted head of Athena right; aphlaston to left. Ravel Period IV, 629 (P296/T420); Pegasi 241; BCD Corinth –; HGC 4, 1839. Even gray tone with dark golden hues around the devices, slightly off center on obverse. Good VF. ($750) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

207. CORINTHIA, Corinth. Circa 350/45-285 BC. AR Stater (20mm, 8.53 g, 8h). Pegasos flying left / Helmeted head of Athena left, helmet decorated with laurel wreath; Å r flanking neck truncation, aegis behind. Ravel Period V, 1009; Pegasi 427; BCD Corinth –; HGC 4, 1848. Deep old cabinet tone. Good VF. Well centered and attractive. ($500) From the Baldwin Maull Collection, purchased from Numismatic Fine Arts (Edward Gans), 1956.

208. CORINTHIA, Corinth. Circa 350/45-285 BC. AR Stater (21.5mm, 8.57 g, 7h). Pegasos flying left / Helmeted head of Athena left; 5 below chin; to right, Nike flying left, holding fillet. Ravel Period V, 1030; Pegasi 420; BCD Corinth 111; HGC 4, 1848. Old cabinet tone with deep red iridescence around the devices, minor die shift on obverse. EF. Nicely centered. A beautiful coin in hand. ($750) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 45 (18 March 1998), lot 368.

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209. CORINTHIA, Corinth. Circa 350/45-285 BC. AR Stater (22.5mm, 8.60 g, 10h). Pegasos flying left / Helmeted head of Athena left; d-5 flanking neck; to right, Artemis running right, holding torches. Ravel Period V, 1076; Pegasi 453; BCD Corinth –; HGC 4, 1848. Attractive old cabinet toning. A little off center on obverse, some roughness and die wear on reverse. EF. ($750) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 92 (23 May 2016), lot 176.

Two Lots From the Lockett Collection

210. PHLIASIA, Phlious. Late 5th-early 4th centuries BC. AR Hemidrachm (13.5mm, 2.78 g). Bull butting left / Large f over dotted square with pellets in corners, all within incuse square. BCD Peloponnesos 95; HGC 5, 145; SNG Lockett 2318 (this coin). Old collection tone. VF. Very rare. ($400) From the Baldwin Maull Collection. Ex Richard Cyril Lockett Collection (Part IX [Greek Part III], Glendining, 27 May 1959), lot 1901 (part of); Sotheby, Wilkinson & Hodge (1 December 1924), lot 139 (part of).

211. PHLIASIA, Phlious. Circa 280-270 BC. AR Hemidrachm (14mm, 2.73 g, 11h). Bull butting left / Large f within ivy wreath topped by rosette of five berries. BCD Peloponnesos 142.2 (same dies); HGC 5, 147; SNG Lockett 2319 (this coin). Toned. VF. Rare. ($400) From the Baldwin Maull Collection. Ex Richard Cyril Lockett Collection (Part IX [Greek Part III], Glendining, 27 May 1959), lot 1901 (part of); Sotheby, Wilkinson & Hodge (1 December 1924), lot 139 (part of).

212. SIKYONIA, Sikyon. Circa 431-400 BC. AR Stater (22.5mm, 11.60 g, 2h). Chimaera advancing right; Es below / Dove flying right; bow above tail feathers; all within olive wreath. Cf. BCD Peloponnesos 196/193 (for obv. die/rev. type); HGC 5, 188 corr. var. (incorrect photo and citation; ethnic). Deeply toned, a hint of porosity. Good VF. ($1000) From the Baldwin Maull Collection, purchased from Coin Galleries, 1957.

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213. SIKYONIA, Sikyon. Circa 330/20-280 BC. AR Hemidrachm (15mm, 2.81 g, 2h). Chimaera standing left; %5 below / Dove flying left; pellet above tail. BCD Peloponnesos 292; HGC 5, 213. Dark iridescent tone. EF. ($500) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Triton XIII (5 January 2010), lot 155; BCD Collection.

214. ACHAIA, Achaian League. Elis. Circa 45-30 BC. AR Hemidrachm or Tetrobol (17mm, 2.34 g, 5h). Kallippos, magistrate. Laureate head of Zeus Hamarios right; ˚Ŭ¬5∏∏o% behind / Large ≈ (Achaian League monogram); f above, a to left, b to right; thunderbolt below; all within wreath. Benner 42; BCD Peloponnesos 691; HGC 5, 541. Wonderful old cabinet tone, very minor die break on reverse. EF. Exceptional for issue. ($500) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 91 (19 September 2012), lot 203 (hammer $950); Giessener Münzhandlung 50 (24 September 1990), lot 307; Giessener Münzhandlung 48 (2 April 1990), lot 336.

215. ACHAIA, Achaian League. Megara. Circa 160-146 BC. AR Hemidrachm (15.5mm, 2.52 g, 5h). Dido–, magistrate. Laureate head of Zeus Hamarios right / Large ≈ (Achaian League monogram); kithara above, d-5 flanking, do below; all within wreath. Benner 11; BCD Peloponnesos 25; HGC 5, 1806. Deep iridescent tone. EF. Well centered. ($300) From the Baldwin Maull Collection, purchased from “Farrington,” 1957.

216. ELIS, Olympia. 134th-143rd Olympiad. Circa 244-208 BC. AR Drachm (17.5mm, 4.61 g, 2h). Eagle flying right, tearing at hare held in talons / Thunderbolt with double volutes above and wings below. Elis Hoard Group II, 6 (same dies); BCD Olympia 235 (same dies); HGC 5, 508 (same dies as illustration). Darkly toned, minor deposits, slightly off center on obverse. VF. ($500) From the Baldwin Maull Collection, purchased from Etienne Bourgey, 1955.

Ex Lockett Collection

217. ARKADIA, Psophis. Circa 470-440 BC. AR Obol (9.5mm, 0.79 g, 7h). Forepart of the Keryneian Hind left / Fish left; below, smaller fish left; all within incuse square. BCD Peloponnesos 1666; HGC 5, 1002. Old collection tone, a few minor marks under tone. VF. ($300) From the Baldwin Maull Collection. Ex Richard Cyril Lockett Collection (Part IX [Greek Part III], Glendining, 27 May 1959), lot 2004; Ratto (4 April 1927), lot 1613.

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219

218

218. CRETE, Chersonesos. Circa 300-67 BC. AR Stater (21.5mm, 11.05 g, 11h). Laureate head of Artemis right / Apollo seated right, holding kithara; thymiaterion to right. Svoronos, Numismatique 8 (same obv. die as illustration); Le Rider, Crétoises, pl. XXXIV, 1 (same dies); SNG Copenhagen -; BMC 1 (same obv. die). Toned, area of flat strike. VF. Rare. ($500) Ex John A. Seeger Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 76, 12 September 2007), lot 3056.

219. CRETE, Lyttos. Circa 420-320 BC. AR Stater (26.5mm, 11.26 g, 1h). Eagle flying left / Head of boar right in dotted square within incuse square. Svoronos, Numismatique 32 var. (ethnic on reverse); Le Rider, Crétoises, pl. VII, 21 (same rev. die); SNG Copenhagen 492. Toned. In NGC encapsulation, 4371773-003, graded Ch VF, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 4/5. ($1500) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 57 (4 April 2001), lot 363; Hess-Divo 283 (10 May 2000), lot 78.

220. CIMMERIAN BOSPOROS, Pantikapaion. Circa 340-325 BC. AV Stater (21mm, 9.08 g, 11h). Head of Pan left, wearing ivy wreath / Griffin, holding spear in its mouth, standing left, head facing, forepaw raised, on grain ear; ∏-Å-@ around. Anokhin 1021; MacDonald 54; HGC 7, 20; SNG BM Black Sea 864; Gulbenkian 587 = Locker-Lampson 123; cf. Kraay & Hirmer 440. Underlying luster, minor edge marks, small mark in field on reverse. EF. Well centered. ($30,000) Pantikapaion was founded by Greek colonists from Miletos in the late seventh century BC. Situated on the west side of the Cimmerian Bosporos, in what is now called the Crimea, it achieved great prosperity through its exploitation of the abundant fisheries of the straits and the export of wheat from the Crimea. This wealth is attested by its splendid gold coinage, which commenced in the mid-4th century BC, and by the magnificently furnished rock tombs of its principal citizens in the same period. Later, it was to become a regional capital of the kingdom of Mithradates VI of Pontos (120-63 BC) and later still the seat of the kings of Bosporos (first century BC – fourth century AD). The coinage of Pantikapaion seems to have commenced with silver issues in the latter part of the fifth century BC, but it is for its beautiful gold staters that the mint is chiefly noted. They depict the head of the god Pan (a pun on the name of the city) and on the reverse, the griffin that Herodotos describes as being the guardian of the remote sources of gold.

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221. KINGS of PONTOS. Mithradates VI Eupator. Circa 120-63 BC. AV Stater (20mm, 8.32 g, 12h). First Mithradatic War issue. In the name and types of Lysimachos of Thrace. Istros mint. Struck circa 88-86 BC. Diademed head of the deified Alexander right, with horn of Ammon / ∫Å%5¬EW% ¬U%5ÂÅcoU, Athena Nikephoros seated left, left arm resting on shield, spear diagonally in background; d5 to inner left, 5% on throne; in exergue, ornate trident left. Callataÿ p. 139, dies D1/R1; AMNG I 482; SNG Copenhagen (Thrace) 1094 (same dies); McClean 4481 (same dies). Underlying luster, minor double strike on reverse. EF. ($1000) From the Rye Collection.

222. KINGS of PONTOS. Mithradates VI Eupator. Circa 120-63 BC. AV Stater (20mm, 8.25 g, 11h). First Mithradatic War issue. In the name and types of Lysimachos of Thrace. Tomis mint. Struck circa 88-86 BC. Diademed head of the deified Alexander right, with horn of Ammon / Athena Nikephoros seated left; QEo to inner left, to on throne; in exergue, ornate trident left. De Luca dies D7/R17; Callataÿ p. 142, dies D7/R2; AMNG I 2481; HGC 3, 1931; SNG Fitzwilliam 1599 (same dies). Typical die wear on obverse. Near EF. ($1000)

Ex Durulfé and Montagu Collections

223. PAPHLAGONIA, Amastris. Circa 285-250 BC. AR Stater (22mm, 9.23 g, 1h). Head of Mên right, wearing Phrygian cap decorated with laurel branch and star / Aphrodite seated left, holding in extended right hand Nike, who crowns her with wreath, and cradling lotus-tipped scepter in left arm; rose to left. Callataÿ, Premier, Group 2, 28f (D14/R8 – this coin); RG 5; HGC 7, 356; SNG Dewing 2124 (same dies); SNG Copenhagen 422 (same obv. die). Old cabinet tone, slight granularity, minor scratch under tone on reverse. VF. Well centered. ($2500) Ex Peus 371 (24 April 2002), lot 139; Peus 368 (25 April 2001), lot 169; Gustave Durulfé Collection (Rollin et Feuardent, 9 May 1910), lot 487; Hyman Montagu Collection (Sotheby, Wilkinson & Hodge, 23 March 1890), lot 476. There is speculation that the obverse of this coin actually depicts Amastris, a niece of Darios III of Persia, who became a pawn in the complex dynastic quarrels that followed the death of Alexander. She had been given as wife to Alexander’s general Krateros, but was dismissed when Krateros arranged a marriage for himself with the daughter of Antipater. Amastris then married Dionysos, tyrant of Herakleia, by whom she had three children before his death in 306 BC. In 302 BC, she married Lysimachos of Thrace, who soon acquired a more profitable alliance by wedding Arsinoë, the daughter of Ptolemy I Soter of Egypt. Amastris then retired to the territory of Herakleia, where she founded a new city named after herself. She was not destined to find peace, however; in 288 BC her two covetous sons had her drowned and seized her city for themselves.

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Pedigreed to 1956

224. PAPHLAGONIA, Kromna. 4th century BC. AR Drachm (16mm, 3.54 g, 12h). Wreathed head of Zeus left / Head of Hera left, wearing ornate stephanos; kerykeion above, uncertain monogram below chin. RG2 1; HGC 7, 369; SNG BM Black Sea –; SNG BN –; SNG von Aulock –. Deeply toned. Good VF. Very rare with kerykeion. ($750) From the Baldwin Maull Collection, purchased from Coin Galleries, 1958. Ex Coin Galleries (17 August 1956), lot 1344.

225 226 225. PAPHLAGONIA, Sinope. Circa 425-410 BC. AR Drachm (18mm, 6.10 g). Aeginetic standard. Head of sea-eagle left; below, dolphin left / Quadripartite incuse square with two opposing quarters filled, ¬ within one unfilled quarter. RG2 10a; HGC 7, 388 corr. (pellets not always present); SNG von Aulock 6835–7 var. (letter); Hess-Leu 45, lot 235 (same rev. die). Deeply toned, small scuff and light marks on reverse. EF. High relief. Very rare with this letter on reverse, only two in CoinArchives. ($1500) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Pegasi BBS 107 (11 May 1998), lot 86.

226. PAPHLAGONIA, Sinope. Circa 425-410 BC. AR Drachm (19mm, 6.06 g). Aeginetic standard. Head of seaeagle left; below, dolphin left / Quadripartite incuse square with two opposing quarters filled, pellet and pellet with ˝ within opposing unfilled quarters. RG2 11; HGC 7, 388 corr. (pellets not always present); SNG BM Black Sea 1369. Old cabinet tone, scratch under tone on reverse. Good VF. ($1000) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

227. BITHYNIA, Herakleia Pontike. 4th century BC. AR Quarter Siglos – Trihemiobol (11mm, 1.24 g, 5h). Head of Herakles left, wearing lion skin / Club. RG 12; HGC 7, 462. Deeply toned. Good VF. Well centered and struck. ($300) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

228. BITHYNIA, Kalchedon. Circa 260-220 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28mm, 16.94 g, 10h). In the name and types of Alexander III. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, Nike standing right, holding wreath aloft in both hands; É in left field, N below throne. Price 929 corr. (monogram below throne; Kallatis); ANS inv. 1957.52.396 (same dies). Lightly toned. Superb EF. Well centered and struck. Rare. ($500) From the John L. Cowan Collection, purchased from Pegasi, 29 September 2007.

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Electrum of Kyzikos The celebrated electrum coinage of Kyzikos began in the first half of the sixth century, and from the beginning the coinage was notable for the variety and inventiveness of its designs. These staters and fractions were regarded as gold coins and circulated throughout a large area along with the gold darics of the Persian Empire. On all of the coins of Kyzikos, large or small, was engraved the tunny-fish (θυννος), which constituted an important product in the Kyzikene economy. The long awaited corpus initiated by the late Friedrich Bodenstedt is now being continued by Maria Kaiser-Raiss. In the meantime, we must rely on the synthesis of material put together by Hans von Fritze in 1914, augmented (and corrected) by the articles by Sylvia Hurter and Hans-Joachim Liewald. Hurter studied the electrum coinage of Kyzikos for some time before her untimely death in 2008. It was her conviction that the arrangement of the coins by Agnes Baldwin Brett in the catalog of the Boston Museum of Fine Arts was the most accurate to date (reflected in the “Editor’s note” at the beginning of the article on the Kyzikene coins in Moscow and St. Petersburg in SNR 2007). Thus, the coinage of Kyzikos below is arranged accordingly. More controversially, Yuri Pokras (“A New Iconography for the Electrum Coins of Kyzikos,” The Celator November 2000, pp.18-26) has tried to argue that Athens invested Kyzikos with the status of subsidiary mint, and that the presence of specific types parallels each city-state’s inclusion into an alliance with Athens. The orator Aristotelis, in the second century BC, stated the following in his speech regarding the people of Kyzikos: “It is enough for one just to glance at the location and the nature of this city to immediately understand that the name ‘blissful’ given to it by God was factual, so convenient is its land and its sea. As it is built in front of Asia Minor and since its dominion extends from the Black Sea to the Hellespont, Kyzikos joins the two seas together or rather all the seas that man navigates. Thus, ships continuously pass by or arrive at the harbor or depart from the harbor. Justly it should be called ‘blissful’ just as is Corinth because, as it is built in the mid part of the seas, it joins, as if it was the center of the world, all men who sail the Mediterranean from Gibraltar to Kolchis at the far side of the Black Sea.”

229

230

229. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (21mm, 16.20 g). Head of lion left; to right, tunny upward / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 39; Boston MFA 1414 = Warren 1537; SNG BN 178. VF. Well centered. ($2000) From the Siren Collection.

230. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (19.5mm, 16.00 g). Ram seated left, with head turned back; below, tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 47; Greenwell 131; Boston MFA 1419 = Warren 1555; SNG BN –; BMC 48; Gillet –; Gulbenkian –; Jameson 2167; Myrmekion –; Rosen –; Weber 5016. Slightly off center. VF. ($2000) From the Siren Collection.

231. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (20mm, 16.16 g). Head of goat with long beard left; to right, a tunny upward / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 48; Boston MFA 1421 = Warren 1560; SNG BN 186. Slight die shift on obverse. Near VF. ($2000) From the Siren Collection.

Rare Double-Bodied Sphinx Stater

232. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (18.5mm, 16.02 g). Double-bodied sphinx, with one head facing, wearing ouraios, atop a tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Cf. Von Fritze I 128 (unlisted denomination); cf. Greenwell 101 (same); Boston MFA –; cf. SNG BN 280 (hekte); BMC –; Gillet –; Gulbenkian –; Jameson –; Myrmekion –; Rosen –; Weber –; Triton XX, lot 224; CNG 105, lot 149. Lightly toned. Good VF. Rare as a stater. ($5000) From the Siren Collection.

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233. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (21mm, 16.21 g). Forepart of sphinx left; below, tunny diagonally left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 71; Greenwell 102; Boston MFA 1427 = Warren 1525; SNG BN 198; BMC 35; Gulbenkian –; Jameson –; Myrmekion –; Rosen –; Weber –. Toned. VF. ($3000) From the Siren Collection.

234. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (19mm, 16.02 g). Forepart of winged lioness left; to right, tunny upward / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 96; cf. Boston MFA 1438 (hekte); SNG BN 237. Minor pitting on obverse, some encrustation on reverse. VF. Well centered. ($2000) From the Siren Collection.

Well Struck Gorgoneion

235. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (17.5mm, 16.09 g). Facing gorgoneion, her mouth opened with tongue protruding from between her teeth, six coiled serpents rising from her head and another two from below her ears; below, tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 129; cf. Greenwell 75 (unlisted denomination); Boston MFA 1445 = Warren 1492; SNG BN –; BMC –; Gillet –; Gulbenkian –; Jameson 2191 = Weber 4972; Myrmekion –; Rosen –. Lightly toned. Good VF. Well struck. ($5000) From the Siren Collection.

236. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (10mm, 2.68 g). Helmeted head of Athena left on tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 67; Boston MFA 1447 = Warren 1444; cf. SNG BN 195 (hemihekte). VF. Perfectly centered on a broad flan. ($500) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 105 (10 May 2017), lot 162.

237. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (17mm, 16.15 g). Half length bust of winged female figure (Harpy?) left, touching her chin with her left hand, and holding tunny in her right / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 75; Greenwell 98; Boston MFA 1448 = Warren 1519; SNG BN 205; Gillet –; cf. Gulbenkian 612 (hekte); Jameson –; Myrmekion 2; Rosen 454; Weber –. VF. Well centered. ($3000) From the Siren Collection.

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238. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (12mm, 2.74 g). Sphinx with curved wings, raising right forepaw, standing left on tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 127; cf. Boston MFA 1456 (stater); SNG BN 278–9. Slightly off center on obverse. Good VF. ($500) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Giessener Münzhandlung 42 (11 October 1988), lot 281.

239. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (19mm, 16.08 g). Hound at bay, on tunny, left / Quadripartite incuse square. FSD SHM 1200 = Hermitage (Exhibition) 112 = Hermitage Sale II 1157 corr. (not Von Fritze 93); CNG 102, lot 362; CNG E-444, lot 129. VF. Very rare variety with the hound’s foreleg lowered, rather than raised, as is usually seen. Only six other examples listed on Coin Archives. ($2000) From the Siren Collection. This type is very similar to Von Fritze I 93, but on that issue, the hound/wolf is clearly raising a forepaw (cf. SNG France 230). The appearance of this stater now makes it clear that some of the fractions attributed to Von Fritze 93 are actually of the same variety as the present piece, and have been known for some time. For instance, the hekte CNG 99, lot 182 is clearly Von Fritze 93, with a forepaw raised, while SNG France 232 (like the following lot), with forepaw lowered, is not. Unfortunately, on some dies the foreleg is engraved straight out, such that it is not possible to discern to which variety a coin can be attributed (cf. SNG France 231 [hekte] and Roma 10, lot 484 [stater]), unless the straight leg constitutes even another variety.

240

Ex Rosen Collection

241

240. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (10mm, 2.69 g). Lioness or panther at bay left on tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 86; Boston MFA 1472 = Warren 1529; SNG BN 219–20; Elektron II 84 = Rosen 464 (this coin). Small edge split. Good VF. ($500) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Triton IX (10 January 2006), lot 896; Sammlung Elektron (Münzen und Medaillen GmbH 10, 22 March 2002), lot 84; Münzen & Medaillen AG FPL 538 (November 1990), lot 52; Jonathan P. Rosen Collection; Spink & Galerie des Monnaies (15 February 1977), lot 94.

241. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (9.5mm, 2.66 g). Hoplite, nude but for crested helmet, kneeling left, bow hanging from arm, testing arrow; to right, tunny upward / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 116; Boston MFA 1485 = Warren 1513; SNG BN –; Rosen 492 = SNG von Aulock 1205. Slightly off center. VF. Very rare, only two in CoinArchives, one of which is a fourrée (the genuine piece was lot 982 in the Tronnier collection sold in Künker 94 [2004], which hammered at €3600). ($500) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

242. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (17mm, 16.30 g). Nude male kneeling left, holding a tunny by the tail in his extended right hand / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 112; Greenwell 86; Boston MFA 1487 = Warren 1502; SNG BN 253. Slightly off center. Near VF. ($2000) From the Siren Collection.

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Pharnabazos – Satrap and Persian Military Commander

243. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Pharnabazos. Persian military commander, circa 398-396/5 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 14.34 g, 11h). Head of Pharnabazos right, weaing satrapal cap tied below his chin, and diadem; fÅr-[@-Å∫]Å around / Ornate ship’s prow left, decorated with a griffin and prophylactic eye; before and aft, two dolphins downward; below, tunny left; all within shallow incuse circle. Maffre 4 var. (D3/R– [unlisted rev. die]); Bodzek 10 = SNG Copenhagen Supp. 303 (same obv. die); Winzer 9.3; SNG BN 395; SNG von Aulock 1216; BMC 12; ACGC 951; Franke & Hirmer 718. Toned, rough surfaces, some light smoothing, minor flan flaw on obverse. VF. Very rare, Maffre located thirteen extant examples, eight of which are in museum collections, no additional pieces in CoinArchives (save for the present coin). ($10,000) Pharnabazos, a member of the Persian nobility, was satrap of Hellespontine Phrygia, which later became the satrapy of Daskylion. In 399 BC, a war between Sparta and Persia ensued. Agesilaos, one of the Spartan kings, attacked the satrapy of Hellespontine Phrygia. Though hard pressed by the Spartan invasion of his territory, Pharnabazos was able to organize the Persian fleet under the command of the mercenaries Konon of Athens and Evagoras of Salamis, and destroy the Spartan fleet at Knidos in 394 BC. At the same time, he assisted Athens with financial aid to further undermine the Spartans. The land campaign, however, was less successful and the war dragged on. The arrival of a Spartan delegation at the Persian capital resulted in a peace treaty and, contrary to the wishes of Pharnabazos, a renewed alliance. For all of his work, Pharnabazos was recalled from his satrapy and married to the king’s daughter, Apame. This exceptional coinage of Kyzikos was struck during this period of warfare between the Spartans and Persians. The issue commenced after Pharnabazos received the responsibility for the management of the Achaemenid navy in 398 BC, and ended with the temporary closure of the mint in 396 BC due to the Spartan presence in the area. Maffre’s die study suggests that, although only thirteen examples are known today, the coinage was quite massive. Echoing the earlier observations of G. Le Rider and O. Casabonne, Maffre discounts the temptation of earlier numismatists to assign the coinage to a special emission commemorating a specific naval victory. Instead, the sheer size of the emission suggests that the issue was likely used to finance Pharnabazos’ navy in general - not only the construction and maintenance of hundreds of ships, but also the service of thousands of men. While the coinage did not commemorate a particular naval victory, it was instrumental in facilitating Pharnabazos’ naval success that culminated in the Battle of Knidos.

Extremely Rare Lampsakos Stater

244. MYSIA, Lampsakos. Circa 394-350 BC. AV Stater (16mm, 8.44 g, 1h). Head of Herakles left, wearing lion skin / Pegasos flying right within incuse square. Baldwin, Lampsakos 15; SNG BN –; Gulbenkian 686; Traité II 2557, pl. CLXXII, 1 = A. Löbbecke, “Münzfund bei Avola” in ZfN XVII (1890), 6. A few light marks, scrape on reverse. Good VF. Extremely rare, only the Berlin and Gulbenkian specimens published, no others in CoinArchives. ($5000) Ex Künker 280 (26 September 2016), lot 209; Pecunem/Numismatik Naumann 39 (3 January 2016), lot 281; Gorny & Mosch 232 (5 October 2015), lot 263.

245. MYSIA, Parion. 5th century BC. AR Drachm (13mm, 3.99 g). Facing gorgoneion with protruding tongue / Disorganized linear pattern within incuse square. SNG BN 1351–2. Good VF. A refined die for this typically crude series. ($300) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 105 (10 May 2017), lot 212.

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246. KINGS of PERGAMON. Attalos I. 241-197 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29mm, 16.93 g, 12h). In the name and types of Alexander III. Pergamon mint. Struck circa 223-215/0 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; no control marks. Kleiner, Alexander, Series I, dies B/– (unlisted rev. die); Price 1473; SNG BN –; BN inv. 1971.939 (same dies). Toned, slightly off center. EF. Rare, six noted by Kleiner, two additional in Pella, only one (correctly attributed) in CoinArchives. ($500)

247. TROAS, Abydos. Circa 80-70 BC. AR Tetradrachm (31mm, 16.57 g, 11h). Pherenikos, magistrate. Draped bust of Artemis right, wearing stephanos, bow and quiver over shoulder / Eagle, wings spread, standing right; grape bunch to right, f(r(@5>˚oU in two lines below; all within wreath. Callataÿ, Abydos, dies D14/R– (unlisted rev. die); SNG von Aulock 7540 var. = Jameson 1452 var. = Consul Weber 2534 var. (arrangement of magistrate’s name). Deeply toned, slightly off center on obverse. Good VF. Struck on a broad flan. ($1000) Ex Vinyard Collection (Lanz 112, 25 November 2002), lot 219.

248. AEOLIS, Myrina. Circa 160-143 BC. AR Tetradrachm (33mm, 16.88 g, 12h). Stephanophoric type. Laureate head of Apollo right / Apollo Grynios standing right, holding branch and phiale; ¯ to left, omphalos and amphora at feet; all within laurel wreath. Sacks Issue 37, dies 67/a (unlisted die combination); Triton XV, lot 1211 (same obv. die); CNG 106, lot 326 (same obv. die); Vinchon (30 March 1981), lot 42 (same rev. die). Toned, minor die wear, a few light deposits. Near EF. An attractive piece in hand. ($750)

249. LESBOS, Mytilene. Circa 521-478 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (10mm, 2.59 g, 6h). Forepart of bull left / Incuse head of roaring lion left; rectangular punch to right. Bodenstedt Em. 4 (dies a/α); HGC 6, 926; SNG von Aulock 1683 (same dies); SNG Berry 1004 (same dies). Lightly toned. Good VF. Well centered on a broad flan. ($500) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Triton XI (8 January 2008), lot 219.

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250. LESBOS, Mytilene. Circa 521-478 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (9.5mm, 2.56 g, 1h). Head of roaring lion right / Incuse head of calf right; rectangular punch to left. Bodenstedt Em. 13; HGC 6, 938. Lightly toned. Near EF. ($500) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

251. LESBOS, Mytilene. Circa 377-326 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (10mm, 2.53 g, 12h). Half length bust of Maenad, hair in sphendone, right / Race torch in linear square within shallow incuse square. Bodenstedt Em. 92; HGC 6, 1018. Toned. In NGC encapsulation,4934009-006, graded Ch VF, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 4/5. ($500)

252. WESTERN ASIA MINOR, Uncertain. Circa 145-140 BC. AR Tetradrachm (31mm, 16.66 g, 12h). Stephanophoric type. Head of Demeter right, wearing wreath of grain ears and triple-pendant earring / Two Kabeiroi, nude but for cloak tied at their necks, standing facing, each wearing laurel wreath and holding staff in outer hand; QEW@ kÅ∫E5rW@ at sides, sUr5W@ below, 5 to lower right; all within wreath. Nicolet-Pierre & Amandry dies D7/R9 (Syros); HGC 6, 709 (Syros); Friedlaender & Von Sallet 268; Triton XXII, lot 244 (same dies, hammer $16,000). Light deposits, minor porosity on obverse, double struck on reverse. EF. Very rare. ($5000) This issue had long been attributed to the island of Syros based on the reverse legend. Recent scholarship, however, has convincingly shown that this attribution is erroneous, as the reverse legend does not contain an ethnic, but names the type: the Divine Syrian Kaberioi. As the issue has long been linked to a rare portrait emission of Eumenes I with the same reverse type, it is clear that it must belong to a mint in the sphere of the kings of Pergamon. Although it is tempting to attribute it to the royal mint at Pergamon, this Attic-standard issue could have been struck at one of several mints under Attalid control. See A. Meadows, “The Closed Currency System of the Attalid Kingdom” in P. Thonemann, Attalid Asia Minor (Oxford, 2013), pp. 184–91 for the most current analysis of this intriguing coinage.

253. IONIA, Ephesos. Phanes. Circa 625-600 BC. EL Myshemihekte – Twenty-fourth Stater (7mm, 0.57 g). Forepart of stag left, head reverted / Incuse square punch with raised lines within. Konuk & Lorber Fig. 19; CNG E-440, lot 126; otherwise unpublished in the standard references. Lightly toned. Near EF. Well centered. Very rare without pellets on obverse, only two in CoinArchives. ($1000) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

254. IONIA, Erythrai. Circa 550-500 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (10mm, 2.55 g). Head of Herakles left, wearing lion skin / Quadripartite incuse square. SNG Kayhan 737–8; SNG von Aulock 1942; SNG Copenhagen –; Boston MFA 1806–7. Toned. Good VF. ($750) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

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256 255 255. IONIA, Herakleia ad Latmon. Circa 140-135 BC. AR Tetradrachm (32mm, 16.75 g, 12h). Stephanophoric type. Helmeted head of Athena right / Club; below, Nike walking left, holding wreath in right hand, flanked by ñ and V; all within oak wreath. Lavva, Silberprägung, Group II.B, – (V6/R– [unlisted rev. die]); SNG Copenhagen –; SNG Lockett 2823 (same obv. die). Lightly toned. EF. Well centered. ($1000) 256. IONIA, Magnesia ad Maeandrum. Circa 150-140 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29mm, 16.60 g, 12h). Stephanophoric type. Erasippos, son of Aristeos, “magistrate”. Diademed and draped bust of Artemis right, bow and quiver over shoulder / Apollo Delphios standing left, elbow resting on tall tripod to right, holding branch tied with fillet; ErÅ%5∏∏o% År5%tEoU in two lines to left, meander pattern below; all within laurel wreath. Jones obv. die 27; SNG von Aulock 2042; SNG Berry 1067 (same obv. die); Hermitage Sale II 1271 (same obv. die). Lightly toned, minor deposits on reverse. EF. ($750)

257

258

257. IONIA, Miletos. Circa 600-546 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (11mm, 2.29 g). Lion couchant left, head reverted, within rectangular frame / Two square punches containing, respectively, facing-lion-head and stellate designs. Hilbert H12 (A53/LH3-X11); Weidauer 130 var. (designs in punches); Klein 414 (same dies). VF. Rare, only 16 examples noted by Hilbert. ($1000) 258. IONIA, Phokaia. Circa 625/0-522 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (9.5mm, 2.56 g). Ibex recumbent left; above, seal left / Rough incuse square. Bodenstedt Em. 19; Boston MFA 1903 = Warren 1680. Slight die wear. Good VF. Well centered and struck. ($1500)

259 260 259. IONIA, Phokaia. Circa 625/0-522 BC. EL Hekte (9.5mm, 2.59 g). Lion couchant left; small seal above / Quadripartite incuse square. Bodenstedt Em. 27. Lightly toned. Near EF. ($750) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

260. IONIA, Phokaia. Circa 521-478 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (10mm, 2.60 g). Head of ram left; below, small seal left / Quadripartite incuse square. Bodenstedt Em. 37. Lightly toned. EF. Well struck from fresh dies. ($1000) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

261. IONIA, Phokaia. Circa 478-387 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (10mm, 2.52 g). Head of African left; to right, small seal downward / Rough incuse square. Bodenstedt Em. 54; SNG von Aulock 7949; Roma X, 402 corr. (Bodenstedt number); otherwise unpublished. VF. Extremely rare; only one example cited by Bodenstedt, and only one in CoinArchives (the Roma coin). ($1000) Ex Triton XIX (5 January 2016), lot 212 (incorrect dates listed). Not to be confused with the slightly less rare Bodenstedt 24, which has a necklace on the portrait, and the seal is oriented differently.

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262. IONIA, Teos. Late 6th-early 5th century BC. AR Quarter Stater –Hemidrachm (14mm, 2.98 g). Griffin seated right, raising forepaw / Rough incuse square. Matzke Group Bb2; Balcer 55; SNG Copenhagen –; Boston MFA 1935 = Warren 1131. Attractive deep iridescent tone. Good VF. Well centered. ($500) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

Two Inscribed Hektai

264

263

263. IONIA, Uncertain. Circa 650-600 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (9.5mm, 2.35 g). Lydo-Milesian standard. Plain globular surface; ÂÁËÈÍ (letters of an unknown script) along part of edge / Incuse rectangle with geometric pattern. Heritage 3054, lot 30097 (same dies); Heritage 3020, lot 24985 (same dies); otherwise unpublished. As made. Very rare. ($1500) This and the following coin are part of a recently discovered issue of inscribed hektai with a plain obverse and rectangular incuse on the reverse. The first of these was noted in a private British collection in 2011, while the first appeared publicly, at auction, as lot 24985 in the Heritage 3020 sale in 2012, a piece that had been in an private collection in Europe. A third example appeared in 2017, as lot 30097 in Heritage 3054, and a fourth last year, as lot 101 in Savoca Online Auction 29. The prior analysis of these coins has associated the issue with the ubiquitous plain obverse hektai of Ionia, suggesting that this inscribed version was perhaps a late issue in the production of that coinage, with struck dates suggested in the 660s and 640s BC. Admittedly, the form of this issue, and its metrology, do comport with the uninscribed plain incuse issues of that period. However, the peculiar reverse punch of this issue should not be overlooked. With regard to the complex varieties of early electrum, associations and relative chronologies are often established through reverse die linkages or similarities of idiosyncratic punch forms. The rectangular punch used for this issue bears little resemblance to the two small punches used on the uninscribed plain hektai of the mid 7th century. The use of two small square punches, in fact, appears to have been a canonical aspect of not only the plain hektai, but also the ubiquitous striated electrum issues also dated to the 7th century, and even the contemporary royal Lydian hektai that circulated throughout the region. These small punches were also plain in appearance, devoid of any designs. These aspects suggest that the inscribed plain hektai are not closely associated to the uninscribed plain issues. Moreover, a small group of these inscribed coins was presented to a researcher, which was accompanied by a known Carian issue that dated to the early 5th century BC. The researcher noted the surfaces and fabric of the issues appeared highly consistent, suggesting they were part of a single hoard. This, in turn, suggested that these electrum coins were struck later than the 7th century, possibly as late as the end of the 6th century. Turning to the inscription, elements of the letters appear similar to a number of glyphs in the various alphabets that were used along the coast of western Asia Minor. However, as a whole, the letters most closely resemble those found in the Carian alphabet (see Tables I and II in I.J. Adiego, The Carian Language [Brill: Leiden, 2007]), though the exact interpretation of legend remains uncertain. Before the discovery of the first coin offered here (lot 263), only the first three letters were visible. That said, the inscription may actually be even longer, as its visibility on the coins is hampered by the low relief of the letters and their position on the edge of the die.

264. IONIA, Uncertain. Circa 650-600 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (9.5mm, 2.35 g). Lydo-Milesian standard. Plain globular surface; ÂÁË[ÈÍ] (letters of an unknown script) along part of edge / Incuse rectangle with geometric pattern. Heritage 3054, lot 30097 (same dies); Heritage 3020, lot 24985 (same dies); otherwise unpublished. As made. Very rare. ($1500)

265. IONIA, Uncertain. Circa 625-600 BC. EL Hemihekte – Twelfth Stater (8.5mm, 1.35 g). Raised clockwise swastika pattern / Incuse square. Traité I –; SNG Kayhan –; SNG von Aulock –; Boston MFA Supp. 163; Rosen 269. EF. ($500) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Waddell FPL 36 (ND [January 1989]), no. 1.

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Two Unpublished Types

266 267 266. IONIA, Uncertain. Circa 600-550 BC. EL Myshemihekte – Twenty-Fourth Stater (6mm, 0.67 g). Phokaic standard. Heads of two creatures, one serpent-like, facing left, the other panther-like, also left, but the head turned facing / Incuse square. Unpublished in the standard references. Edge split. Near EF. Very rare. ($500) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

267. IONIA, Uncertain. Circa 600-550 BC. EL Myshemihekte – Twenty-Fourth Stater (7mm, 0.68 g). Phokaic standard. Eagle flying right / Quadripartite incuse square. Unpublished in the standard references. EF. Very rare. ($500) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

268. IONIA, Uncertain. Circa 600-550 BC. EL Trite – Third Stater (13.5mm, 4.70 g). Lydo-Milesian standard. Pegasos walking left / Two incuse squares. Fischer-Bossert, Horses, Series II, 3 var. (dies P3/P5-P– [smaller punch unlisted]); Weidauer 149; Linzalone 1129. A little die wear on obverse. Good VF. ($3000)

Ex Rosen Collection

269. IONIA, Uncertain. Circa 550-525 BC. EL Myshemihekte – Twenty-Fourth Stater (6.5mm, 0.56 g). Lydo-Milesian standard. Bridled head and wing of horse left on large raised disc / Incuse square with cruciform lines within. Fischer-Bossert, Horses 20m (dies P20/P22) = Rosen 288 (this coin); Weidauer 144; Karwiese, Artemision, Type XXXVI.4; Robinson, Coins 25 = Head, Coins 78; SNG Kayhan –. Slightly soft strike. VF. ($300) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Berk BBS 57 (29 March 1989), lot 1; Jonathan P. Rosen Collection (Numismatic Fine Arts XIX, 18 December 1987), lot 38.

270. IONIA, Uncertain. Circa 550-525 BC. EL Forty-eighth Stater (5mm, 0.31 g). Lydo-Milesian standard. Head of bridled horse left / Incuse square with cruciform lines within. Fischer-Bossert, Horses 31 (dies P22/P25) ; cf. Weidauer 142–3 (twelfth staters); SNG Kayhan 718. Scrape on reverse. VF. ($300) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

271. ISLANDS off IONIA, Chios. Circa 435-425 BC. AR Stater (13.5mm, 7.76 g). Sphinx seated left; to left, grape bunch above amphora; all set on circular convex field / Quadripartite incuse square. Mavrogordato 24; HGC 6, 1121; SNG Kayhan 618. Old cabinet tone. VF. ($750) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex N.T. Collection (Triton XIV, 4 January 2011), lot 314 (hammer $1200).

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273 272 272 272. ISLANDS off IONIA, Samos. Circa 522-520 BC. AR Trihemiobol (9mm, 0.79 g, 11h). Head of ox right / Head of lion right in linear square within incuse square. Barron p. 174, 1 (same dies); HGC 6, 1182 (same dies as illustration). Deeply toned. EF. ($300) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

273. LYDIA, Uncertain. 6th century BC. EL Hemihekte – Twelfth Stater (7.5mm, 1.18 g). Forepart of lion left / Bird (eagle or owl?) standing left within incuse square. Spier p. 332, 11 (A7/P4) = Traité I 53 = J.P. Six, “Monnaies grecques, inédites et incertaines” in NC 1890, p. 247, 1 (same dies); Triton XVII, lot 324 (same dies); cf. Konuk & Lorber Fig. 20 (hekte, same obv. die and one rev. punch); cf. Triton XIV, lot 318 (same). Near VF. Extremely rare. ($300) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. The reverse die links this coin to a series of inscribed Lydian tritai and hektai with the partial legend (in Lydian), ... late ... (see Spier p. 332). Accordingly, the entire series, including this uninscribed coin, can be confidently assigned to Lydia.

274

275

274. KINGS of LYDIA. temp. Ardys – Alyattes. Circa 630s-564/53 BC. EL Trite – Third Stater (13mm, 4.69 g). Sardes mint. Head of roaring lion right, “sun” with four rays on forehead / Two incuse squares. Weidauer Group XV, 59 (same rev. punches); SNG Ashmolean 748. VF. Well centered. ($1500) 275. KINGS of LYDIA. temp. Ardys – Alyattes. Circa 630s-564/53 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (10mm, 2.39 g). Sardes mint. Head of roaring lion right, “sun” on forehead / Two incuse squares. Weidauer Group XV, 76–8 var. (four rays on “sun”); cf. SNG Ashmolean 748 (trite). VF. Well centered. ($500) The style of the lion head here, with a “sun” lacking the four rays that are typical of Group XV, is more akin to the hektai of Group XVII, nos. 103–10, which have the inscription of Walwel to the right of the lion head. However, there is no indication of any inscription in the ample field on this example.

276. KINGS of LYDIA. Alyattes. Circa 620/10-564/53 BC. EL Trite – Third Stater (13mm, 4.72 g). Sardes mint. Confronted heads of roaring lions, “sun” on foreheads (die positioned to feature the right side lion); Òe√Òå√ (WALWEL in retrograde Lydian [partially visible]) downward on left, read from inside-out / Two square punches. Weidauer Group XVII, 93–4 and 96; Traité –; SNG Kayhan –; SNG von Aulock –. In NGC encapsulation, 2077588-001, graded XF, Strike: 4/5, Surface: 3/5. ($3000) Ex CNG Inventory 476874 (January 2018).

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277. KINGS of LYDIA. Alyattes. Circa 620/10-564/53 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (9mm, 2.35 g). Sardes mint. Confronted heads of roaring lions, “sun” on foreheads (die positioned to feature the right side lion); ©e√©å√ (WALWEL in Lydian [only traces visible]) downward between / Two incuse squares. Weidauer Group XVII, 101–2; Traité I 51–2; SNG Ashmolean 754. VF. ($2000) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Clearwater Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 313, 23 October 2013), lot 66. The lion head/incuse coinage is among the earliest firmly attributed to the Lydian kingdom, and its origins date to the time of Alyattes, who ruled circa 620/10-564/53 BC. While most of the coins are anepigraphic, a small number of them bear the inscription Walwel or Kukalim in Lydian. Although these names likely equate to Alyattes and Gyges, respectively, hoard studies have shown that these coins were not only contemprary with one another, but also with the anepigraphic issues. Thus, while Walwel may refer to the king, Kukalim most likely refers to another member of the royal family or some other high official. All trites and hektes with the inscription Walwel or Kukalim are struck from obverse dies that are much larger than the respective denominations require. These dies contain two opposing lion heads with the Lydian inscription between, and the coin blanks were struck off-center, in such a way that only one of the lion heads would be visible with the inscription. The coins above are examples of this method, with each pair being struck from the same die, but on opposite sides. It is uncertain whether the dies were originally intended for a larger denomination, or whether the dies were designed so that coins could be struck with either facing lion head.

279 278 278. KINGS of LYDIA. Alyattes. Circa 620/10-564/53 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (10mm, 2.35 g). Sardes mint. Confronted heads of roaring lions, “sun” on foreheads (die positioned to feature the right side lion); ©e√©å√ (WALWEL in Lydian) downward between / Two incuse squares. Weidauer Group XVII, 99–100; SNG Kayhan 1012; Boston MFA 1771; Traité I 57; Roma XIII, lot 297 (same die and punches). VF. Well struck for issue. ($3000) Ex Triton XXI (9 January 2018), lot 496 (hammer $11,000).

279. KINGS of LYDIA. Alyattes. Circa 620/10-564/53 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (10mm, 2.34 g). Sardes mint. Confronted heads of roaring lions, “sun” on foreheads (die positioned to feature the right side lion); [©]e√©å[√] (WALWEL in Lydian) downward between / Two incuse squares. Weidauer Group XVII, 99–100; Traité I 57; SNG Ashmolean –; SNG Kayhan 1012. Toned. VF. ($3000) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

280 281 280. KINGS of LYDIA. temp. Alyattes – Kroisos. Circa 620/10-550/39 BC. EL Trite – Third Stater (12.5mm, 4.73 g). Sardes mint. Head of roaring lion right, “sun” with multiple rays on forehead / Two incuse squares. Weidauer Group XVI, 86–9; SNG Ashmolean 749–51. Near EF. Well centered. ($2000) 281. KINGS of LYDIA. temp. Alyattes – Kroisos. Circa 620/10-550/39 BC. EL Trite – Third Stater (12.5mm, 4.77 g). Sardes mint. Head of roaring lion right, “sun” with multiple rays on forehead / Two incuse squares. Weidauer Group XVI, 86–9; SNG Ashmolean 749–51. Edge split, small mark on obverse, edge marks from prior bezel. VF. ($1500)

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282

283

284

Prototype Stater: World’s First Gold Coin 282. KINGS of LYDIA. Kroisos. Circa 564/53-550/39 BC. AV Stater (16.5mm, 10.74 g). Heavy standard. Sardes mint. Prototype issue. Confronted foreparts of lion, with “sun” on forehead, and bull / Two incuse squares. Berk 1; Konuk & Lorber fig. 25 = CH VIII, pl. I, Hoard 7, no. 40 = Triton XV, lot 1243; Athena Fund I 58; McClean 8635; NAIM-BAN 6; Ward 723. A few light marks. VF. ($15,000) The ‘Kroisos’ type coinage is one of the most recognizable of all ancient Greek coinage. All of the issues in the bimetallic, gold and silver, series feature the same confronted lion and bull foreparts on the obverse, and two incuse punches (or a single punch in the case of small denominations) on the reverse. The series began on a ‘heavy’ standard, with gold and silver staters of equal weight, around 10.6-10.7 grams, which was later reduced to about 8.17 grams for the gold. Recent studies have shown that coins of both standards circulated together, but that the heavy standard was only used for a relatively short time compared to the light standard, which continued to be used into the Persian period. The Kroiseids have also traditionally been broken down into two stylistic groups, ‘realistic’ and ‘stylized’, with hoard evidence suggesting that the former belonged to the time of Kroisos, while the latter were of the time of the Persians. The present coin, however, is from an issue that constitutes a third group that has a more archaic style, which has features that suggest it is the first issue of Kroisos’ bimetallic coinage. This prototype issue was first noted and analyzed in an article by Paolo Naster in 1964 (“Une série aberrante de Créséides” in BSFN 19 (1964), pp. 364–5, reprinted in P. Naster, Scripta Nummaria: Contributions à la méthodologie numismatique [Louvian-la-Neuve, 1983], pp. 76–7). The archaic character of the type is most evident in the bull, where the fine waves of hair on the later coinage are here represented as a series of pelleted lines emanating from a solid arc that forms the animal’s neckline. At the same time, antecedents of the style of the lion can be seen in the earlier electrum coinage, particularly the hemihektai of Weidauer’s Group XVI. The most significant feature linking this issue to the electrum, though, is the appearance of the small pellet or protuberance on the head of the lion. This feature, usually featuring rays emanating from it, is canonical on all the earlier electrum coinage from the time of Ardys until the early part of Kroisos’ reign. It is a feature that is totally lacking on the bimetallic coinage of the ‘realistic’ and, later, ‘stylized’ character. A final unusual feature particular to this issue is the depiction of the arms of the lion and bull, which are shown bent nearly 90 degrees at their midpoint, rather than in a straight line from shoulder to paw and hoof. The rarity today of these early style staters also suggests that the issue was short-lived, perhaps a trial run before the style was standardized. Martin Price also studied this unusual emission of staters (“Croesus or Pseudo-Croesus?” in Festschrift Mildenberg, p. 221, n. 25), and, like Naster, placed them between the electrum and the gold of standard style.

283. KINGS of LYDIA. Kroisos. Circa 564/53-550/39 BC. AV Stater (17mm, 10.70 g). Heavy standard. Sardes mint. Regular issue. Confronted foreparts of lion and bull / Two incuse squares. Berk 2; Le Rider, Naissance, pl. V, 2; Traité I 396; SNG Ashmolean 759; SNG von Aulock 2873–4; BMC 30; Boston MFA 2068–9; Gulbenkian 756. VF. ($10,000) 284. KINGS of LYDIA. Kroisos. Circa 564/53-550/39 BC. AV Stater (17mm, 8.00 g). Light standard. Sardes mint. Confronted foreparts of lion and bull / Two incuse squares. Berk 3; Le Rider, Naissance, pl. V, 8; Traité I 401–3; SNG von Aulock 2875; BMC 31; Boston MFA 2073; Gulbenkian 757. Light die wear on obverse. Near EF. ($10,000) 78


285. KINGS of LYDIA. Kroisos. Circa 564/53-550/39 BC. AR Stater – Double Siglos (20mm, 10.62 g). Sardes mint. Confronted foreparts of lion right and bull left / Two incuse squares of unequal size. Berk 20; Traité I 407; SNG Kayhan 1018; SNG Ashmolean 760; SNG von Aulock 2874; Sunrise 10. Toned, slightly granular surfaces. Near EF. ($5000)

286. KINGS of LYDIA. Kroisos. Circa 564/53-550/39 BC. AR Stater – Double Siglos (19.5mm, 10.59 g). Sardes mint. Confronted foreparts of lion right and bull left / Two incuse squares of unequal size. Berk 20; Traité I 407; SNG Kayhan 1018; SNG Ashmolean 760; SNG von Aulock 2874; Sunrise 10. Toned, slightly granular surfaces. Good VF. ($3000) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

287

288

287. KINGS of LYDIA. Kroisos. Circa 564/53-550/39 BC. AR Hemistater (16.5mm, 5.26 g). Sardes mint. Confronted foreparts of lion and bull / Two incuse squares. Berk 23; SNG Ashmolean –; SNG Kayhan 1024-6. Toned, typical granular surfaces. Good VF. Well centered. ($1000) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Antiqua FPL III (ND [1996]), no. 34.

288. KINGS of LYDIA. Kroisos. Circa 564/53-550/39 BC. AR Third Stater (13.5mm, 3.44 g). Sardes mint. Confronted foreparts of lion and bull / Two incuse squares. Berk 24; SNG Ashmolean 772 (Persian period). Toned, typical granular surfaces, light scuff on obverse. Near EF. Well centered and struck. ($750) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex collection of the MoneyMuseum, Zurich (Triton XVIII, 5 January 2015), lot 663 (hammer $2000); Numismatica Ars Classica 11 (29 April 1998), lot 101.

289 290 289. KINGS of LYDIA. Kroisos. Circa 564/53-550/39 BC. AR Sixth Stater (11mm, 1.76 g). Sardes mint. Confronted foreparts of lion and bull / Two incuse squares. Berk 25; SNG Ashmolean 773 (Persian period). Toned, typical granular surfaces. EF. Well centered and struck. ($750) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

290. KINGS of LYDIA. Kroisos. Circa 564/53-550/39 BC. AR Twelfth Stater (8mm, 0.86 g). Sardes mint. Confronted foreparts of lion and bull / Incuse square. Berk 26–7; SNG Ashmolean 775 (Persian Period). Toned, typical granular surfaces. Near EF. Well centered and struck. Very rare this nice. ($300) 79


291 292 291. KINGS of LYDIA. Kroisos. Circa 564/53-550/39 BC. AR Twenty-fourth Stater (6.5mm, 0.33 g). Sardes mint. Confronted foreparts of lion and bull / Incuse square. Berk –; SNG Ashmolean 776–7 (Persian Period). Find patina. Near EF. Exceptional for issue. ($300) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

292. KINGS of LYDIA. temp. Cyrus – Darios I. Circa 550/39-520 BC. AR Siglos (15.5mm, 5.36 g). Kroiseid type. Sardes mint. Confronted foreparts of lion and bull / Two incuse squares. Berk 22; SNG Ashmolean 762–71. Toned. Near EF. Excellent metal for this typically granular issue. ($1000) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Numismatic Fine Arts XXIX (13 August 1992), lot 158.

293

294

293. CARIA, Bargylia. 2nd-1st centuries BC. AR Hemidrachm (16mm, 2.25 g, 12h). Veiled head of Artemis Kindyas right / Stag standing right; rose below. HN Online 61; SNG Keckman 22; Karl 103–4. Toned, some die rust on obverse. EF. ($500) Ex Robert O. Ebert Collection (Gemini V, 6 January 2009, lot 634); Classical Numismatic Auctions 1 (1 May 1987), lot 71.

294. CARIA, Knidos. Circa 465-449 BC. AR Drachm (15.5mm, 6.17 g, 9h). Forepart of lion right / Head of Aphrodite right within incuse square. Cahn Series IV, – (V–/R52 [unlisted obv. die]); HN Online 666; SNG Copenhagen 242–3 (same rev. die). Toned, a bit off center on obverse. Good VF. ($750) From the Baldwin Maull Collection, purchased 1950s-early 1960s.

295. CARIA, Uncertain (‘Mint B’). Circa 500-450 BC. AR Stater (17mm, 11.82 g). Nude male deity, with curved wings and winged feet, advancing left / Rough incuse square. Troxell, Winged 33 = Asyut 686 (same dies); HNO 1575; SNG von Aulock 2343; Traité I 898 = de Luynes 2775 (same dies). Toned, area of flat strike. Good VF. Extremely rare, only two examples noted by Troxell (one now in the BN), two additional in CoinArchives. ($1000) From the Rye Collection. Ex New York Sale XXXVII (6 January 2016), lot 849; Triton III (30 November 1999), lot 554.

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296. SATRAPS of CARIA. Hidrieus. Circa 351/0-344/3 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25.5mm, 15.20 g, 1h). Halikarnassos mint. Head of Apollo facing slightly right, wearing laurel wreath, drapery around neck / Zeus Labraundos standing right, holding labrys and inverted spear; small E between foot and spear, 5dr5EWs to right. Konuk, Identities 28; Babelon, Perses 405; Traité II 100; SNG Copenhagen Supp. 340; SNG Kayhan 880; SNG von Aulock 8046; BMC 1. Light iridescent tone. EF. A well struck example with intact nose. ($3000) Ex Sunrise Collection (Triton X, 9 January 2007), lot 344.

297 298 297. SATRAPS of CARIA. Pixodaros. Circa 341/0-336/5 BC. AR Didrachm (20.5mm, 6.84 g, 1h). Halikarnassos mint. Laureate head of Apollo facing slightly right, drapery at neck / Zeus Labraundos standing right, holding scepter. Konuk, Identities 30; Babelon, Perses 414–21; Traité II 111; SNG Copenhagen 597. Toned, some find patina remaining, minor metal flaws. Near EF. ($750)

Ashton Plate Coin 298. LYCIA, Oinoanda. Circa 200 BC. AR Didrachm (21.5mm, 8.51 g, 12h). Laureate head of Zeus right; ∫ and scepter to left / Eagle standing right on winged thunderbolt; ˝ and grape bunch on vine to right. Ashton, Oinoanda 13c (A4/P9 – this coin, illustrated); Triton VIII, 489 (same dies); Triton VII, lot 277 (same dies). Compact flan. EF. ($500)

299. LYCIA, Uncertain. Circa 520-470/60 BC. AR Hemistater (14.5mm, 4.10 g). Head of boar right / Rough incuse. Müseler –; Falghera –; SNG Copenhagen Supp. –; SNG von Aulock 6663; Traité I 983, pl. XXVIII, 6; M. J. Price, “Mit Rahineh (1860): IGCH 1636” in CH III, 20. Toned. Good VF. Excellent metal. Very rare. ($500) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

300. DYNASTS of LYCIA. Kherei. Circa 410-390 BC. AR Stater (18mm, 8.61 g, 12h). Telmessos mint. Head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with spiral palmette and three olive leaves; between neck guard and crest, t above j (TE in Lycian) / Bearded head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin; efrgE (KhERÊI in Lycian) before, tf¬f∫fCE ([TELEBE]HE in Lycian) behind; all within incuse square. Mørkholm & Zahle II 52 = SNG Copenhagen Supp. 451 var. (letters on obv.); Müseler VI, 62–4 (same dies); Falghera –; Reuter –; SNG von Aulock 4198 var. (same); Sunrise 79 (same dies); Triton XX, lot 319 (same dies); Triton XVIII, lot 683 (same dies). Lightly toned, double struck on obverse. EF. ($1000) From the Midwest Collection. Ex Numismatica Ars Classica P (12 May 2005), lot 1561.

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301. PAMPHYLIA, Aspendos. Circa 420-360 BC. AR Drachm (18mm, 5.37 g, 11h). Warrior (Mopsos) on horseback right, brandishing spear / Boar standing right. SNG BN 17 (same dies); SNG von Aulock 4487 (same dies). Toned, granular surfaces. Good VF. Well centered and struck, without the usual countermarks. Exceptional for issue. ($1000) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 54 (14 June 2000), lot 741.

303 302 302. PAMPHYLIA, Aspendos. Circa 400-380 BC. AR Stater (22.5mm, 10.98 g, 9h). Two wrestlers grappling / Slinger in throwing stance right; triskeles to right; all within pelleted square border. Tekin Series 3; SNG BN 54. Attractive cabinet tone, slight weakness to strike. EF. ($750) From the Baldwin Maull Collection, purchased from Coin Galleries, 1955.

Ex Niggeler Collection 303. PISIDIA, Selge. Circa 400-325 BC. AR Stater (26mm, 10.78 g, 7h). Two wrestlers grappling; astragalos between / Slinger in throwing stance right; triskeles to right, UE below; all in dotted square within incuse square. SNG BN 1924 (same dies); SNG von Aulock 5251–3 (same dies). Deeply toned, edge splits from an exceptionally broad flan. EF. Rare. ($750) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 1 (29 March 1989), lot 231; Auktion Tigurina (A. Hess AG & Erwin Dietrich AG, 27 October 1988), lot 76; Schweizerische Kreditanstalt FPL 27 (December 1978), no. 110; Leu 20 (25 April 1978), lot 145; Walter Niggeler Collection (Part 1, Leu/Münzen und Medaillen AG, 3 December 1965), lot 33.

304 305 304. CILICIA, Nagidos. Circa 400-385/4 BC. AR Stater (22.5mm, 10.65 g, 3h). Aphrodite seated left, holding phiale over altar to left; to right, Eros standing left, crowning her with wreath / Dionysos standing left, holding grape bunch on vine and thyrsos; Å-in-wreath to left. Casabonne Type 4; Lederer 25 (same obv. die); SNG BN –; SNG Levante –; BMC 12 (same obv. die). Lustrous, some die rust, typical die break on obverse. EF. ($500) From the Midwest Collection.

305. CILICIA, Nagidos. Circa 385/4-375 BC. AR Stater (23mm, 10.21 g, 10h). Aphrodite seated left, holding phiale; to left, Nike flying right, crowning her with wreath; below throne, small mouse left / Dionysos standing left, holding thyrsos and grape vine with bunch; to left, z in upper field, d in lower (over erasure of prior control mark [πÅ]); square countermark: eagle standing right and upward trident. Casabonne Type 3; Lederer Group IX, 40; SNG France –; SNG Levante –; Traité II 1514. Deeply toned, old scratch on obverse, small test cut on reverse. Good VF. ($500) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

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306. CILICIA, Tarsos. Tarkumuwa (Datames). Satrap of Cilicia and Cappadocia, 384-361/0 BC. AR Stater (22.5mm, 10.77 g, 3h). Struck circa 380 BC. Female head facing slightly left, hair in ampyx, wearing necklace / Bearded male head (Ares?) right, wearing crested Attic helmet; monogram to right. Casabonne Type 1; Moysey Issue 3, 57 (same obv. die); SNG BN 248; SNG Levante –. Toned. EF. ($1000) From the Baldwin Maull Collection, purchased from Coin Galleries, 1958.

307. CILICIA, Tarsos. Pharnabazos. Persian military commander, 380-374/3 BC. AR Stater (23mm, 11.01 g, 6h). Struck circa 380-379 BC. Baal of Tarsos seated left, holding lotus-tipped scepter; zRtL`b (B’LTRZ in Aramaic) to right / Bearded male head (Ares?) left, wearing crested Attic helmet; wzbnRp (FRNBZW in Aramaic) to left, kLh (HLK in Aramaic) to right. Casabonne Series 4; Moysey Issue 2, 1-27; SNG BN 251; SNG Levante 72. Slight die wear on obverse. Near EF. ($1500) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 75 (23 May 2007), lot 444.

308. CILICIA, Uncertain. 5th century BC. AR Stater (20mm, 10.76 g, 11h). Amazon(?) running right, bow in case on far hip, holding branch(?) over shoulder and ax(?) / Lion right, attacking bull, kneeling left; #3Rr (drgl[?] in Aramaic) above; all in dotted square within incuse square. CNG E-386, lot 313 (same dies); Roma XIII, lot 371 (same dies); otherwise, unpublished. Toned, some roughness, reverse off center. VF. Extremely rare. ($1000) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 103 (14 September 2016), lot 344.

309. CILICIA, Tarsos. Mazaios. Satrap of Cilicia, 361/0-334 BC. AR Stater (23mm, 10.98 g, 3h). Baaltars seated left, holding eagle, grain ear, grapes, and scepter; tr (Aramaic TR) to lower left, M (Aramaic M) below throne / Lion attacking bull left. Casabonne Series 2, Group C; SNG France 335; SNG Levante Supp. 20. Toned, struck with worn obverse die, some cleaning marks on obverse, light scratch on reverse. EF. ($1000)

83


311 310 310. KINGS of ARMENIA. Tigranes II ‘the Great’. 95-56 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25.5mm, 15.58 g, 1h). Tigranocerta mint. Struck circa 80-68 BC. Diademed and draped bust right, wearing tiara decorated with star between two eagles / Tyche of Antioch seated right on rock, holding laurel branch; below, river-god Orontes swimming right; v to inner right, M on rock; all within wreath. Kovacs 74.1; SCADA Group 1, obv. die A2; M&D 2; CAA 17; AC 30. Light porosity, minor deposits on edge. Good VF. ($1500)

Very Rare Tigranes the Younger 311. KINGS of ARMENIA. Tigranes ‘the Younger’. 77/6-66 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28mm, 16.08 g, 12h). Tigranocerta mint. Struck circa 71 BC. Diademed and draped bust right, wearing tiara decorated with comet / Tyche of Antioch seated right on rock, holding laurel branch; below, river-god Orontes swimming right; %W in exergue. Kovacs 132; SCADA Group 1, dies A1/P1 (Damaskos satellite mint); M&D 51; CAA 10; AC 28 (all but Kovacs as Tigranes II). A little off center on reverse. VF. Very rare. ($1000)

312. CYPRUS, Salamis. Evagoras I. Circa 411-374/3 BC. AR Third Stater (14mm, 3.03 g, 5h). Herakles seated right on rock draped with lion’s skin, leaning on club and holding cornucopia; üèã[ìñ] (Euagoro in Cypriot) around / Ram recumbent right; d to right, †övs1 (basileos in Cypriot) around. Masson & Amandry I.B.c; Zapiti & Michaelidou 3; Tziambazis 114. Toned, some minor porosity, slightly off center on reverse. Near EF. ($300) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

313

314

313. CYPRUS, Salamis. Nikokreon. Circa 331-310 BC. AV Stater (16.5mm, 8.35 g, 12h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Struck circa 323-317 BC. Helmeted head of Athena right / Nike standing left, holding wreath and stylis; rudder in left field. Zapiti & Michaelidou –; Price 3149; Newell, Some 11. Lightly toned, underlying luster, compact flan, a couple tiny marks. Good VF. ($2000) 314. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos I Nikator. 312-281 BC. AV Stater (17.5mm, 8.52 g, 4h). In the types of Alexander III of Macedon. Uncertain mint 4, in Cappadocia, eastern Syria, or Northern Mesopotamia. Struck circa 305-281 BC. Helmeted head of Athena right, serpent on helmet / Nike standing right, holding wreath and cradling stylis; í below left wing, æ below right wing. Unpublished as a stater, but cf. SC 60.1–2 for the tetradrachms with these control marks. Lustrous, graffito in field on obverse, a couple scuffs and struck with worn die on reverse, flan flaw at edge. Near EF. Extremely rare. ($2500)

315. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos I Nikator. 312-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26.5mm, 17.22 g, 9h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Babylon I mint. Struck circa 311-300 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; ¶ in left field, Â5 below throne. SC 82.5b; Price 3747; HGC 9, 10f. Lightly toned, a little off center. EF. Struck from attractive dies. ($500) 84


316

317

316. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos I Nikator. 312-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 17.12 g, 1h). Seleukeia on the Tigris I Mint. Struck circa 300-281 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Nikephoros seated left; á in left field, 6 below throne. SC 117.1c; HGC 9, 12i. Toned, underlying luster, overstruck on uncertain type. Near EF. ($500) From the John L. Cowan Collection. Ex Heritage 231623 (13 June 2016), lot 62023.

317. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos I Nikator. 312-281 BC. AV Stater (17.5mm, 8.57 g, 12h). In the types of Alexander III of Macedon. Seleukeia on the Tigris mint II. Struck circa 296/5–281 BC. Helmeted head of Athena right, serpent on helmet / Nike standing right, holding wreath and cradling stylis; ≈ below left wing, Q below right wing. SC 138.5 var. = ESM 121A var. = Baron von Koehne, “Brief an Herrn, A. von Rauch” in Mémoires de la Société Impériale d’archéologie de St. Pétersbourg, p. 21, 10 var. (monogram); HGC 9, 4e; CNG 100, lot 1560 (same obv. die). A couple flan flaws and die rust on obverse, double struck on reverse, hard edge knock. VF. Extremely rare, one of three known. ($2000) From the John L. Cowan Collection. Ex Roma XII (29 September 2016), lot 387.

318

319

318. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos I Nikator. 312-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26.5mm, 16.94 g, 12h). Susa mint. Struck circa 305/4-295 BC. Head of hero (Alexander or Seleukos?) right, wearing helmet covered with panther skin and adorned with the ear and horns of a bull / Nike standing right, placing wreath on trophy; ‘ to lower left, ( in lower middle field. SC 173.4; ESMS Tr.7 (A4/P1); HGC 9, 20; CSE 1023 (same dies). Lightly toned, traces of find patina, flan flaw at edge on obverse. Good VF. ($2000) From the John L. Cowan Collection, purchased from Pegasi Numismatics, 27 September 2013.

319. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos I Nikator. 312-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 17.03 g, 6h). Susa mint. Struck circa 296/5-281 BC. Head of Zeus right, wearing laurel wreath / Athena, brandishing spear overhead, wearing shield on arm, in biga of elephants right; spearhead above, ˛ to lower right. SC 177.2; ESMS EL.24 (A6/P11); ESM 316γ (same dies); HGC 9, 18c; SNG Lockett 3094 = Pozzi 2920 (same obv. die). Lightly toned, slightly off center, minor flan flaw on reverse. VF. ($1000) From the John L. Cowan Collection. Ex Cederlind 152 (18 August 2009), lot 66.

320

321

320. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos I Nikator. 312-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 17.08 g, 7h). In the types of Alexander III of Macedon. Ekbatana mint. Struck circa 295-281 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, , above anchor; O below throne. SC 204.6b corr. (no horse forepart); ESM 503 (same obv. die as illustration); HGC 9, 12k. Toned. Near EF. Fine style. ($500) 321. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos I Soter. 281-261 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28mm, 17.06 g, 2h). Seleukeia on the Tigris mint. Diademed head right / Apollo Delphios, testing arrow and placing hand on grounded bow, seated left on omphalos; Û to outer left, t to outer right. SC 379.3c; HGC 9, 128g. Dark iridescent tone. EF. ($1500) 85


322. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos II Theos. 261-246 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28mm, 17.02 g, 12h). Kyme mint. Diademed head of Antiochos I right / Herakles, holding base of club set on ground to left, seated left on lion skin draped over rock; one-handled cup to outer left; E and  in exergue, ÷ below royal title. SC 505.2a; HGC 9, 241c. Toned. Good VF. Rare. ($2000) From the John L. Cowan Collection. Ex Triton XIX (5 January 2016), lot 282.

323 324 323. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos II Kallinikos. 246-225 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27.5mm, 16.99 g, 6h). Magnesia under Mt. Sipylos mint (or uncertain mint in Syria). Diademed head right / Apollo Delphios, testing arrow, standing left, leaning on tripod to right; % to outer left. SC 651.2 var. (monogram); HGC 9, 303f; CNG 108, lot 308 (same dies). Lightly toned. Good VF. ($500) From the John L. Cowan Collection, purchased from Klassische Münzen (Dr. Michael Brandt; his stock ticket included).

324. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos Hierax. Circa 242-227 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28.5mm, 17.10 g, 1h). Lampsakos mint. Diademed head right / Apollo Delphios, testing arrow and placing hand on grounded bow, seated left on omphalos; long torch to inner left; in exergue, forepart of Pegasos left and q. SC 849.2; Houghton, Lampsacus, Series 4, dies A8/P13; HGC 9, 403c; CSE 653 (same dies). Lightly toned. Good VF. High relief. ($1000) From the John L. Cowan Collection. Ex Heritage 3044 (3 January 2016), lot 30018.

325 326 325. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Demetrios II Nikator. First reign, 146-138 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 14.16 g, 12h). Tyre mint. Dated SE 167 (146/5 BC). Diademed and draped bust right / Eagle standing left on prow left; palm frond over far shoulder; to left, club surmounted by i (civic monogram); to right, z$r (date) above ]. SC 1959.1c; HGC 9, 970; DCA 153. Toned. Good VF. ($500) From the John L. Cowan Collection, purchased from Klassische Münzen (Dr. Michael Brandt; his stock ticket included), 15 March 2016.

326. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Demetrios II Nikator. Second reign, 129-125 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28mm, 16.77 g, 1h). Damaskos mint. Dated SE 184 (129/8 BC). Diademed head right / Zeus Nikephoros seated left; Œ below throne, d∏r (date) in exergue. SC 2181.2a; Schwei Group 2, 14 (A3/P9); HGC 9, 1116d; DCA 223. Toned. Good VF. Rare. ($500) From the John L. Cowan Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 100 (7 October 2015), lot 1566.

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327. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Kleopatra Thea & Antiochos VIII. 125-121 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28mm, 16.55 g, 12h). Damaskos mint. Dated SE 191 (121/0 BC). Jugate heads right / Zeus Nikephoros seated left; H to outer left, B below throne, Årr (date) in exergue. SC 2267.1; LSM 86; HGC 9, 1182e; DCA 253. Toned, a few light marks, slightly off center on reverse. VF. ($500) From the John L. Cowan Collection, purchased from Pegasi 17 September 2015.

328. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos VIII Epiphanes (Grypos). 121/0-97/6 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28mm, 14.08 g, 12h). Askelon mint. Dated SE 197 (116/5 BC). Diademed and draped bust right / Eagle standing left on prow left; palm frond behind; to left, Å% above dove standing left above ]; Årr (date) to right. SC 2339.5; Spaer, Ascalon 9–12; HGC 9, 1203; DCA 272. Toned, a few light marks. Good VF. Rare. ($500)

329. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos VIII Epiphanes (Grypos). 121/0-97/6 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28.5mm, 13.74 g, 1h). Askelon mint. Dated SE 203 (110/9 BC). Diademed and draped bust right / Eagle standing left on prow left; palm frond behind; to left, `% above 5Er above `%U above dove standing left; ˝% (date) to right, ë between legs. SC 2340.4 var. (control marks); Spaer, Ascalon 26 var. (same); HGC 9, 1203; DCA 272. Toned, scratches and light die rust on obverse. Good VF. Very rare unpublished variety. ($500)

330. SELEUKID EMPIRE. temp. Antiochos X Eusebes Philopator (?). Circa 94-88 BC. Cast PB Sixth or Eighth Mina Weight (45x45mm, 81.20 g). ∫&%5GEW% down right, &@to≈oU(sic) down left, large upturned anchor / Netting pattern. Cf. Rochesnard p. 59. Gray and brown patina. VF. An attractive example with the misspelling ANTOXOY for ANTIOXOY. ($1000) 87


331. LEVANTINE REGION, Uncertain. Mid 4th century BC. AR Tetartemorion(?) (5mm, 0.12 g, 12h). Helmeted head of Athena right, with profile eye / Owl standing right, head facing; olive sprig to left; all within incuse square. Unpublished in the standard references. Lightly toned. Good VF. Well struck. ($500)

332. PHOENICIA, Arados. Uncertain king. Circa 440-420 BC. AR Third Stater – Tetrobol (15.5mm, 3.12 g, 12h). Ba’al-Arwad right, holding dolphin in each hand / Galley right; below, hippocamp right; all within incuse square. E&E-A Group I.2.2, C7; HGC 10, 39. Toned, even slight porosity. Good VF. ($300) , From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

333. PHOENICIA, Sidon. Ba`alšillem (Sakton) II. Circa 401-365 BC. AR Dishekel (32mm, 27.74 g, 11h). Phoenician galley left; B (B in Phoenician) above, waves below / Persian king and driver in chariot left; to right, king of Sidon, in Egyptian style garments, holding cultic scepter and votive vase, walking left. E&E-S Group IV.1.1.a, 629 (D36/R49); Rouvier 1096; Betlyon 18; HGC 10, 236. Lightly toned, minor roughness. Good VF. Struck on a broad flan. Exceptional for issue. ($2000) Ex Dr. Patrick H. C. Tan Collection (Triton XX, 10 January 2017), lot 356.

334 335 334. PHOENICIA, Tyre. Uncertain king. Circa 357-349 BC. AR Shekel (21mm, 8.74 g, 12h). Attic standard. Dated RY 3 (355/4[?] BC). Deity, holding reins and arched bow, riding hippocamp right above two lines of waves; below, dolphin right / Owl standing right, head facing; crook and flail in background; ‹‹‹ M (M and 3 [date], in Phoenician) in right field. E&E-T Group II.2.1.4, 838 (O16/R19); HGC 10, 341; DCA 915. Lightly toned. In NGC encapsulation, 4529603-008, graded Ch VF, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 4/5. Well centered and struck for issue. ($500) 335. PHOENICIA, Tyre. ‘Ozmilk (Azemilkos). Circa 349-311/0 BC. AR Shekel (20mm, 8.90 g, 11h). Attic standard. Dated RY 3 (347/6 BC). Deity, holding reins and arched bow, riding hippocamp right above two lines of waves; below, dolphin right / Owl standing right, head facing; crook and flail in background; ‹‹‹ o (’ [for ‘Ozmilk] and 3 [date], in Phoenician) in right field. E&E-T Group II.2.1.14, 898 (O6/R9); HGC 10, 349; DCA 918. Toned. Good VF. ($500) From the Rye Collection.

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336. PHOENICIA, Tyre. ‘Ozmilk (Azemilkos). Circa 349-311/0 BC. AR Shekel (19mm, 8.76 g, 1h). Attic standard. Dated RY 15 (335/4 BC). Deity, holding reins and arched bow, riding hippocamp right above two lines of waves; below, dolphin right / Owl standing right, head facing; crook and flail in background; 0o above ‹‹‹‹‹ (’ [for ‘Ozmilk] and 15 [date], in Phoenician) in right field. E&E-T Group II.2.1.26, 1400 (O97/R163); HGC 10, 349; DCA 918. Toned, softly struck and trace deposits on obverse. Good VF. ($500) From the Midwest Collection.

337 338 337. PHOENICIA, Tyre. 126/5 BC-AD 65/6. AR Shekel (28mm, 14.16 g, 1h). Dated CY 28 (99/8 BC). Laureate head of Melkart right, [lion skin around neck] / Eagle standing left on prow, palm frond in background; to left, ˙˚ (date) above club; Ê to right, Å (A in Phoenician) between legs. DCA-Tyre 99; HGC 10, 357; DCA 919. Toned, a couple scratches under tone on obverse. Good VF. ($750) From the John L. Cowan Collection, purchased from Southland Coins and Collectibles (Lake Charles, LA).

338. PHOENICIA, Tyre. 126/5 BC-AD 65/6. AR Shekel (28mm, 14.11 g, 1h). Dated CY 88 (39/8 BC). Laureate head of Melkart right, lion skin around neck / Eagle standing left on prow, palm frond in background; to left, ∏˙ (date) above club; ì to right, å (A in Phoenician) between legs. DCA-Tyre p. 153, unnumbered type; HGC 10, 357; DCA 919. Toned, slightly off center, a few marks, light deposits. Good VF. Rare. ($500)

339. JUDAEA, Jewish War. 66-70 CE. AR Shekel (22mm, 14.07 g, 12h). Jerusalem mint. Dated year 2 (67/8 CE). Omer cup; @c (“Y[ear] 2” in Hebrew = date) above, L!Rc¥ LQc (“Shekel of Israel” in Hebrew) around / Sprig of three pomegranates; YcurQY 2¥Lcur¥ (“Jerusalem the holy” in Hebrew) around. Deutsch 50 (O4/R48); Meshorer 193; Kadman 8; Hendin 1358; Bromberg II 376 (same obv. die); Shoshana I 20202–3; Sofaer 7–8 (same obv. die); Spaer 167–8. Lightly toned, scrape on obverse, slightly off center on reverse. EF. ($3000)

Ex Hendin Collection

340. JUDAEA, Bar Kochba Revolt. 132-135 CE. AR Sela – Tetradrachm (26mm, 13.51 g, 1h). Jerusalem mint. Dated year 2 (67/8 CE). Façade of the Temple at Jerusalem; showbread table within, star above, 2LC∑R¥ (“Jerusalem” in Hebrew) at sides / Bundle of lulav; etrog to left, L!RC¥ RHL @C (“Y[ear] 2 of the Freedom of Israel” in Hebrew) around. Mildenberg 36 (O8’/R26); Meshorer 229; Hendin 1387; Bromberg 94 (same dies); Shoshana II 20170 (same dies); Sofaer 35 (same obv. die); Spaer 193–4. In NGC encapsulation, 4371773-005, graded MS, Strike: 4/5, Surface: 4/5. ($7500) Ex David Hendin Collection.

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341. JUDAEA, Bar Kochba Revolt. 132-135 CE. AR Zuz – Denarius (18mm, 3.29 g, 12h). Jerusalem mint. Undated issue, attributed to year 3 (134/5 CE). 3∑o2C (“Shim‘on” in Hebrew) irregularly distributed in two lines within wreath / Palm frond; 2LC∑R ¥¡∑RHL (“For the Freedom of Jerusalem” in Hebrew) around. Mildenberg 65 (O14/R37); Hendin 1425; Bromberg II 469 (same dies). Toned. EF. Well centered and struck. ($1000) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

Rare Kosher Bread Stamp

342. JUDAEA. Circa 4th to 6/7th centuries AD. Cast Æ Baker’s Bread Stamp. Used for Identifying Kosher Bread. Large menorah; uncertain symbols to left and right; all in relief within rectangular border / Blank, but for attached handle. Dimensions: 61mm x 43mm x 30mm. Weight: 45.08 g. Cf. Michael and Judy Steinhardt Collection (Christie’s 2775, 13 December 2013), lot 167 (for a similar example). Green patina, earthen encrustation, cleaning marks. As made. ($4000)

343. PHILISTIA (PALESTINE), Azotos (Ashdod). Mid 5th century-333 BC. AR Drachm (14mm, 3.06 g, 3h). Imitating Athens. Head of Athena right, with frontal eye, wearing earring, necklace with pendants, and crested Attic helmet decorated with three olive leaves over visor and a palmette on the bowl / Owl standing right, head facing; c (Aramaic shin) and olive sprig to left, AQE to right; all within incuse square. Gitler & Tal 2D var. (crescent and ’aleph also on rev.). Toned, some die wear and porosity. VF. Extremely rare. ($3000) Ex Roma XIV (21 September 2017), lot 406; Numismatica Ars Classica 84 (21 May 2015), lot 693.

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344 345 344. PHILISTIA (PALESTINE), Uncertain mint. Mid 5th century-333 BC. AR Tetradrachm (20mm, 16.89 g, 8h). Imitating Athens. Helmeted head of Athena right, with profile eye and pi-style palmette / Owl standing right, head facing; olive spray and crescent (in form of Aramaic shin[?]) to left; all within incuse square. CNG 111, lot 386, otherwise unpublished, but cf. Gitler & Tal XI.5T for similar style, but regular crescent and different Aramaic letter in field on reverse. Toned, some porosity. Fine. Extremely rare, perhaps one of two known. ($1000) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 94 (18 September 2013), lot 767 (hammer $2750).

345. PHILISTIA (PALESTINE), Uncertain mint. Mid 5th century-333 BC. AR Drachm (14.5mm, 3.64 g, 9h). Imitating Athens. Helmeted head of Athena right, i (Semitic Ḥeth) on cheek / Owl standing right, head facing; olive spray to left; all within incuse square. Gitler & Tal XI.8D–10D var. (letter on cheek); Huth 6 (Gaza); CNG 105, lot 432 (same dies). Toned, some die wear. VF. Rare. ($300)

346 347 346. PHILISTIA (PALESTINE), Uncertain mint. Mid 5th century-333 BC. AR Drachm (13.5mm, 2.86 g, 5h). Imitating Athens reverse type. Head of bearded male left; traces of uncertain legend to left / Owl standing right, head facing; crescent and retrograde ¥ (Aramaic yod) to left; all within incuse square. Gitler & Tal XIV.16D. Lightly toned, a little off center. VF. Extremely rare. ($500) 347. NABATAEA. Malichos I. 60-30 BC. AR Quarter Shekel – “Drachm” (16.5mm, 3.46 g, 12h). Petra mint. Dated RY 26 (35/4 BC). Diademed head right / Ar¬m uklm (MLKW MLK’ in Nabataean = Melko the King), eagle standing left; palm frond to left; to right, o (Nabataean S) above l ˚4 (date) above h (Nabataean Ḥ). Schmitt-Korte II 11; Hoover & Barkay 15 var. = Barkay, Silver 1 var. (rev. legend); Meshorer, Nabataea –; HGC 10, 681 var. (same); DCA 957 var. (same); CNG 111, lot 393 (same dies). Find patina, a couple small metal flaws, struck from worn obverse die. Good VF. Extremely rare, possibly the third known of this variety, none in CoinArchives. ($2000)

A Selection of Lihyan Rarities

348

349

348. ARABIA, Northwestern. Lihyan. 3rd-2nd centuries BC. AR Drachm (14mm, 4.05 g, 10h). Imitating Athens. Helmeted head of Athena right, with frontal eye; ∆ on cheek / Owl standing right, head facing; olive sprig and crescent to left; all within incuse square. CNG E-162, lot 113 corr. (not Sabaean letter D on cheek), otherwise unpublished in the standard references. Toned, some find patina remaining, light porosity. VF. Extremely rare. ($500) 349. ARABIA, Northwestern. Lihyan. 3rd-2nd centuries BC. AR Drachm (13mm, 3.64 g, 9h). Imitating Athens. Helmeted head of Athena right, with frontal eye; ∆ on cheek / Owl standing right, head facing; olive sprig and crescent to left; all within incuse square. Cf. CNG E-162, lot 113 corr. (not Sabaean letter D on cheek), otherwise unpublished in the standard references. Some find patina remaining, struck with worn reverse die. VF. Extremely rare. ($500) 91


350. ARABIA, Northwestern. Lihyan. 2nd–1st centuries BC. AR Drachm (13mm, 2.85 g, 10h). Imitating Athens obverse. Helmeted head of Athena right, with frontal eye; ∆ on cheek / Upward crescent within incuse square. Cf. CNG E-162, lot 113 corr. (not Sabaean letter D on cheek) for obverse, otherwise unpublished in the standard references. Toned, some porosity. VF. Extremely rare. ($500)

351. ARABIA, Northwestern. Lihyan. 2nd–1st centuries BC. AR Drachm (14mm, 3.27 g, 9h). Imitating Athens. Helmeted head of Athena right, with frontal eye; ∆ on cheek / Owl standing right, head facing; olive sprig and crescent to left; all within incuse square. CNG 109, lot 364; Leu Numismatik AG Web Auction 7, lot 556; Savoca London Auction 1, lot 118; cf. Huth 39 for same style (idiosyncratic to this mint); otherwise unpublished in the standard references. Darkly toned, soft strike on obverse (typical for later issues of Lihyan). VF. Extremely rare. ($500)

352. ARABIA, Northwestern. Lihyan. 2nd–1st centuries BC. AR Tetradrachm (23.5mm, 15.63 g, 9h). Imitating Athens. Helmeted head of Athena right, with frontal eye; upward crescent on cheek / Owl standing right, head facing; olive sprig and crescent to left; all within incuse square. Huth, Athenian, fig. 5, a = Huth 39. Toned, light porosity, typical soft strike on obverse. VF. Rare. ($1500)

353. ARABIA, Northwestern. Lihyan. 2nd–1st centuries BC. Æ Drachm (19.5mm, 4.17 g, 3h). Imitating Athens. Helmeted head of Athena left, with frontal eye; upward crescent on cheek / Owl standing left, head facing; olive sprig and crescent to right. Cf. Huth, Athenian, fig. 5, e = Huth 40 (Æ tetradrachm, types right); Savoca London Auction 1, lot 117; otherwise unpublished in the standard references. Brown surfaces. VF. Extremely rare. ($300)

354. ARABIA, Northwestern. Lihyan. 2nd–1st centuries BC (or later). Æ Unit (15.5mm, 3.70 g). Star and upward crescent within radiate circular border / Wheel within radiate border. Unpublished in the standard references. Brown surfaces. VF. Extremely rare. ($300) 92


355. ARABIA, Eastern. Mleiha. Uncertain. 1st century BC – 2nd century AD. BI Tetradrachm (25.5mm, 15.92 g, 12h). Imitating Alexander III of Macedon. In the name of ’Abi’el. Stylized head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Figure enthroned left, holding scepter in left hand, right hand extended, upon which stands a small “horse” right; palm tree to left, trident-like symbol to inner left, ˚4˚ (’b’ in crude form of Aramaic) to right. Van Alfen, Die, NS 6.4, 167b (O2/R4) = E. Haerinck, “More pre-Islamic coins from Southeastern Arabia” in Arabian Archaeology and Epigraphy 9.2 (1998), 144 (this coin); MacDonald, Abiel, Group D.1.6.b; Huth 135; Potts Class XLVII, 418; HGC 10, 689. Darkly toned. Near EF. ($500) Ex Dr. A.V. Collection; I. Vecchi 7 (6 October 1997), lot 284.

356

357

356. PERSIA, Achaemenid Empire. temp. Darios I. Circa 520-505 BC. AR Siglos (13.5mm, 5.32 g). Lydo-Milesian standard. Sardes mint. Half-length bust of Persian king or hero right, wearing kidaris and kandys, holding bow in left hand, arrows in right / Incuse punch. Carradice Type I (pl. XI, 10); Meadows, Administration 318; BMC Arabia pl. XXVII, 25; Sunrise 17. Darkly toned. VF. Excellent metal and well centered. Choice for issue. ($750) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

357. PERSIA, Achaemenid Empire. temp. Darios I to Xerxes I. Circa 505-480 BC. AR Siglos (13.5mm, 5.32 g). LydoMilesian standard. Sardes mint. Persian king or hero, wearing kidaris and kandys, quiver over shoulder, in kneeling-running stance right, drawing bow / Incuse punch. Carradice Type II (pl. XI, 12); Meadows, Administration 320; BMC Arabia pl. XXVII, 23. Toned, typical granular surfaces. VF. Well centered on a broad flan. ($300) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

358. PERSIA, Achaemenid Empire. temp. Darios I to Xerxes II. Circa 485-420 BC. AV Daric (15mm, 8.32 g). LydoMilesian standard. Sardes mint. Persian king or hero, wearing kidaris and kandys, quiver over shoulder, in kneeling-running stance right, holding spear and bow / Incuse punch. Carradice Type IIIb, Group A/B (pl. XIII, 27); Meadows, Administration 321; BMC Arabia pl. XXIV, 26; Sunrise 24. Some deposits. EF. ($2000) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex CNG inventory 91857 (April 1996).

93


359. PERSIA, Achaemenid Empire. temp. Darios I to Xerxes II. Circa 485-420 BC. AR Siglos (14.5mm, 5.38 g). LydoMilesian standard. Sardes mint. Persian king or hero, wearing kidaris and kandys, quiver over shoulder, in kneeling-running stance right, holding spear and bow / Incuse punch. Carradice Type IIIb, Group A/B (pl. XII, 17); Meadows, Administration 322; BMC Arabia pl. XXV, 17; Sunrise 25. Toned, a hint of granularity. Good VF. Well centered on a broad flan. ($300) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Aufhäuser 12 (1 October 1996), lot 291.

360. PERSIA, Achaemenid Empire. temp. Artaxerxes II to Artaxerxes III. Circa 400-341 BC. AR Tetradrachm (20.5mm, 13.10 g, 8h). Chian standard. Uncertain mint in Caria. Persian king, wearing kidaris and kandys, in kneeling-running stance right, drawing bow / Warrior, wearing kyrbasia, thrusting spear he holds aloft in right hand, on horse galloping right; o to left; below, dolphin right. Konuk, Influences, Group 9, 1 and pl. XXX, 23; cf. Meadows, Administration 327; Traité II 123; SNG Kayhan 1004; Dewing 2715; Triton X, lot 335 (same dies). Toned, off center, area of weak strike. VF. ($1000)

361 362 361. PERSIA, Achaemenid Empire. temp. Artaxerxes II to Artaxerxes III. Circa 375-340 BC. AR Siglos (14mm, 5.43 g). Lydo-Milesian standard. Sardes mint. Persian king or hero, wearing kidaris and kandys, quiver over shoulder, in kneeling-running stance right, holding dagger and bow / Incuse punch. Carradice Type IV C (pl. XIV, 46); Meadows, Administration 326; BMC Arabia pl. XXVII, 19; Sunrise 33–6. Toned, minor porosity. Good VF. Exceptional strike for issue. ($500) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 99 (13 May 2015), lot 383 (incorrect Carradice type cited; hammer $1600).

362. PERSIA, Achaemenid Empire. temp. Artaxerxes II to Artaxerxes III. Circa 375-340 BC. AR Siglos (13mm, 5.48 g). Lydo-Milesian standard. Sardes mint. Persian king or hero, wearing kidaris and kandys, quiver over shoulder, in kneeling-running stance right, holding dagger and bow / Incuse punch. Carradice Type IV C (pl. XIV, 46); Meadows, Administration 326; BMC Arabia pl. XXVII, 19; Sunrise 33–6. Toned. Good VF. Well struck. ($300) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group XXXIV (6 May 1995), lot 206.

363. PERSIA, Achaemenid Empire. temp. Artaxerxes II to Darios III. Circa 375-336 BC. AR Fraction (9.5mm, 1.61 g). Persian king or hero, wearing kidaris and kandys, quiver over shoulder, right, holding spear in right hand, bow in left / Patterned incuse punch. Unpublished in the standard references. Lightly toned, some porosity. VF. Extremely rare. ($300) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

94


364. PERSIA, Achaemenid Empire. temp. Darios III. Circa 333-331 BC. AV Double Daric (19.5mm, 16.71 g). Mint in Babylonia. Persian king or hero, wearing kidaris and kandys, quiver over shoulder, in kneeling-running stance right, holding dagger in right hand, bow in left / Patterned incuse punch. Carradice Type IV Late (pl. XV, 54); Meadows, Administration –; BMC Arabia pl. XX, 1; Sunrise 38; CNG 106, lot 516. Some flatness to strike. Near VF. Extremely rare issue without control marks, only the BM, Sunrise, and CNG 106 pieces published. ($2500)

365

366

365. PERSIA, Alexandrine Empire. temp. Mazakes – Bleitor. Satraps of Mesopotamia, circa 331-316 BC. AR Tetradrachm (19.5mm, 16.82 g, 9h). Imitating Athens. Helmeted head of Athena right, with profile eye / Owl standing right, head facing; olive sprig and crescent to left, Å5˝ to right. Van Alfen, Mechanisms, Group III.E.2, fig. 24; BMC Attica 271; MIG Type 13 c. Toned, some roughness on reverse. VF. ($500) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 105 (10 May 2017), lot 445 (hammer $1900).

366. PERSIA, Alexandrine Empire. temp. Stamenes – Seleukos. Satraps of Babylon, circa 328/3-311 BC. AV Daric (13mm, 8.34 g). Imitating Achaemenid type. Babylon mint. Persian king or hero, wearing kidaris and kandys, quiver over shoulder, in kneeling-running stance right, holding spear in right hand, bow in left; to left, f above ¬ / Patterned incuse punch. Cf. Nicolet-Pierre 7 (double darics only noted); Triton IX, lot 1067; Triton VI, lot 481; otherwise unpublished in the standard references. Compact flan, a couple tiny deposits, a little off center on obverse. VF. Extremely rare as a daric. ($2000) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Numismatics Fine Arts XXV (29 November 1990), lot 195.

367

368

367. EGYPT, Achaemenid Province. Sabakes. Satrap, 340-333 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24.5mm, 17.08 g, 9h). Imitating Athens. Head of Athena right, wearing earring and crested Attic helmet decorated with three olive leaves over visor and a spiral palmette on the bowl / Owl standing right, head facing; olive spray and crescent to left, “Sabakes symbol” and K)wS (SWYK in Aramaic) to right. Van Alfen Type I, 1–18 var. (unlisted dies); Nicolet-Pierre, Monnaies 1–13 var. (unlisted dies); SNG Copenhagen 4; BMC 265. Toned, a couple countermarks. Near VF. Rare. ($750) Sabakes, the penultimate Persian satrap in Egypt, fell in battle against Alexander the Great at Issos. His successor, Mazakes, handed over Egypt to the Macedonians in 332 BC.

368. PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT. Ptolemy I Soter. As satrap, 323-305/4 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28mm, 17.14 g, 11h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Arados mint. Struck circa 320/19-315 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left, legs crossed; 1 in left field. Price 3426; SNG Saroglos 592 (both attributed to Byblos mint). Golden hues over even light gray tone, light scuffs, a couple minor die breaks on reverse. EF. ($500) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

95


Referenced in Zervos

369. PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT. Ptolemy I Soter. As satrap, 323-305/4 BC, or king, 305/4-282 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29.5mm, 15.62 g, 11h). Ptolemaic standard. In the name of Alexander III of Macedon. Alexandreia mint. Struck circa 306-300 BC. Diademed head of the deified Alexander right, wearing elephant skin, aegis around neck with tiny d in scales / Athena Alkidemos advancing right; star to inner left; to right, helmet, A, and eagle standing right on thunderbolt. CPE 66; Svoronos 174; Zervos Issue 26, dies 434/a (this coin referenced); SNG Copenhagen 28. Toned, edge marks from prior bezel, minor flan flaw in field on reverse. EF. Well struck. ($2500) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 46 (24 June 1998), lot 538; Numismatic Fine Arts Publication No. 13 (March-April 1979), no. 24; Superior Stamp & Coin “Classical Coins of the Greeks & Romans” FPL (undated, c. 1969), no. 340.

370. PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT. Ptolemy I Soter. As satrap, 323-305/4 BC, or king, 305/4-282 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28.5mm, 15.67 g, 1h). Ptolemaic standard. In the name of Alexander III of Macedon. Alexandreia mint. Struck circa 306-300 BC. Diademed head of the deified Alexander right, wearing elephant skin, aegis around neck with tiny d in scales / Athena Alkidemos advancing right; to right, helmet, d5, and eagle standing right on thunderbolt. CPE 72; Svoronos 169; Zervos Issue 31, dies 528/c; SNG Copenhagen 30. Lightly toned, some die wear on obverse, minor flan flaw in field on reverse. EF. ($2500)

371

372

371. PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT. Ptolemy I Soter. 305/4-282 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27.5mm, 14.23 g, 1h). Alexandreia mint. Struck circa 294-285 BC. Diademed head right, wearing aegis around neck, [tiny d behind ear?] / Eagle standing left on thunderbolt; to left, r above Å. CPE 137; Svoronos 247; SNG Copenhagen –; Meydancikkale 3195–233. Toned, some minor die wear, a few light marks under tone. Good VF. ($500) From the John L. Cowan Collection, purchased from London Coin Galleries, 4 December 2016.

372. PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT. Ptolemy II Philadelphos, with Arsinöe II, Ptolemy I, and Berenike I. 285-246 BC. AV Half Mnaieion – ‘Tetradrachm’ (20mm, 13.76 g, 1h). Alexandreia mint. Struck circa 272-261/0 BC. Conjoined busts of Ptolemy II and Arsinöe II right; Ptolemy is diademed and draped, Arsinöe is diademed and veiled; ÅdE¬fW@ above, shield to left / Conjoined busts of Ptolemy I and Berenike I; Ptolemy is diademed and draped, Berenike is diademed and veiled; QEW@ above. CPE 314; Svoronos 604; Olivier & Lorber dies unlisted; SNG Copenhagen 133. Edge filed. VF. ($2000) From the John L. Cowan Collection, purchased from Pegasi Numismatics, 10 January 2008.

96


373. PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT. Ptolemy II Philadelphos. 285-246 BC. AR Drachm (16mm, 3.15 g, 12h). Ioppe(?) mint. Diademed head of Ptolemy I right, wearing aegis around neck / Eagle standing left, wings spread, on thunderbolt; to left, Ioppe mint monogram(?) above Q. Unpublished. Toned, minor roughness, light cleaning marks, trace deposits. VF. Unique, not recorded in CPE. ($750)

374. PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT. Arsinoe II Philadelphos. Died 270/268 BC. AV Mnaieion – ‘Oktadrachm’ (27mm, 27.74 g, 12h). Alexandreia mint. Struck under Ptolemy II, circa 253/2-246 BC. Head right with ram’s horn, veiled and wearing stephanos; lotus-tipped scepter in background, 5 to left / År%5@o˙% f5¬ÅdE¬foU, double cornucopia, grape bunches hanging at sides, bound with fillet. Svoronos 471; Olivier & Lorber dies 2/6; Troxell, Arsinoe, Group 3, p. 44 and pl. 7, 2 (same obv. die); SNG Copenhagen –; Adams III 2091 (same obv. die); Boston MFA Supp. 320; de Luynes 3562 (same obv. die). Lightly toned, light marks, a few light scratches. VF. ($7500) From the John L. Cowan Collection, purchased from Pegasi Numismatics, 10 January 2008.

375. PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT. Arsinoe II Philadelphos. Died 270/268 BC. AV Mnaïeion – ‘Oktadrachm’ (28mm, 27.92 g, 11h). Alexandreia mint. Struck under Ptolemy VI-VIII, circa 180-116 BC. Head right with ram’s horn, veiled and wearing stephanos; lotus-tipped scepter in background, ˚ to left / År%5@o˙% f5¬ÅdE¬foU, double cornucopia, grape bunches hanging at sides, bound with fillet. Svoronos 1242, 1374, and 1498–9; SNG Copenhagen 321–2; Boston MFA 2293 and 2298; Dewing 2762; Gulbenkian 1081–2. Fine cleaning (brush) marks, nick in field on obverse. VF. ($7500)

376. PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT. Ptolemy IV Philopator. 222-205/4 BC. Æ Drachm (42mm, 72.29 g, 11h). Alexandreia mint. Series 5D. Struck circa 219-205/4 BC. Diademed head of Zeus-Ammon right / Eagle with closed wings standing left on thunderbolt; filleted cornucopia to left, d5 between legs. CPE B495; Svoronos 1125; SNG Copenhagen 199. Dark brown patina. Good VF. ($500) From the John L. Cowan Collection, purchased from Künker, 7 June 2016.

97


377 378 377. PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT. Ptolemy V Epiphanes. 204-180 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 13.88 g, 12h). Uncertain military mint in Phoenicia. Struck circa 202-200 BC. Diademed and draped bust right / Eagle standing left on thunderbolt; Â to left. Svoronos 1263; Olivier 2809–12 var. (D19/R– [unlisted rev. die]); Mørkholm, Portrait, Group V, dies A2/R– (unlisted rev. die); SNG Copenhagen Supp. 1305. Toned, scratches on obverse. Good VF. ($750) From the John L. Cowan Collection. Ex Pegasi XXXVIII (14 November 2017), lot 214; Classical Numismatic Group 49 (17 March 1999), lot 754.

378. PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT. Ptolemy VI Philometor. First sole reign, 180-170 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27.5mm, 14.11 g, 12h). Alexandreia mint. Diademed head of Ptolemy I right, aegis around neck / Eagle standing left on thunderbolt; no control marks. Svoronos 1489; Olivier 4225–9 (obv. die D163); SNG Copenhagen 262–8. Lightly toned, trace deposits, a couple light marks under tone. Near EF. High relief. ($500) From the John L. Cowan Collection. Ex Gemini XIII (6 April 2017), lot 108.

379. PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT. Kleopatra III & Ptolemy IX Soter II (Lathyros). 116-107 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24.5mm, 14.18 g, 12h). Alexandreia mint. Dated RY 16 of Kleopatra and RY 13 of Ptolemy (102/1 BC). Diademed head of Ptolemy I right, wearing aegis around neck / Eagle standing left on thunderbolt; to left, l54 above 5˝ (dates); ∏Å to right. Svoronos 1731; SNG Copenhagen 362; DCA 61. Toned, hairline flan crack. EF. ($500) From the John L. Cowan Collection. Ex J. Eric Engstrom Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 102, 18 May 2016), lot 666, purchased from Lewis M. Reagan, 1976.

Rare Barke Tetradrachm

380. KYRENAICA, Barke. Circa 475-435 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 17.26 g, 10h). Silphion plant / Head of Zeus Ammon right; ∫År to right; all in thick circular border within shallow incuse circle. SNG Copenhagen –; BMC 7 = Weber 8175 (same dies); Hunterian 1 (same obv. die); Traité III 1949, pl. CCLXIX, 8 (same dies); Münzen und Medaillen GmbH 38, lot 118 (same dies). Good VF, toned. Very rare, only one example in CoinArchives. ($15,000) Ex Mordecai Medvin Collection, purchased from Numismatic Fine Arts, 1993.

98


CELTIC COINAGE

381. EASTERN EUROPE, Imitations of Philip II of Macedon. 2nd century BC. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 14.98 g, 10h). Kinnlos (Chinless) type. Mint in the central Carpathian region. Celticized head of Zeus right, without chin / Celticized horseman riding right; line with central pellet below. OTA 244; KMW 1142. Deeply toned. Near EF. ($1000) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex P. Fischer Collection (Peus 419, 27 April 2017), lot 8.

382. EASTERN EUROPE, Imitations of Philip II of Macedon. Early 2nd century BC. AR Tetradrachm (22.5mm, 12.13 g, 9h). Zweigarm type. Mint in the Carpathian region. Head of Zeus right / Rider on horseback left, holding branch (or palm frond). OTA 296; KMW 1209. Deeply toned, minor die wear on obverse, light cleaning scratches under tone on reverse. Good VF. ($750) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

383 384 383. EASTERN EUROPE, Imitations of Thasos. Late 2nd-1st centuries BC. AR Tetradrachm (31.5mm, 16.63 g, 12h). Mint in the region of the lower Danube, Moesia, or Thrace. Wreathed head of young Dionysos right, highly schematized / Stylized Herakles standing facing, head left, holding club, lion skin draped over arm; M to inner left. OTA Class III; cf. Lukanc 1330 and 1375. Slight die shift, edge bump. EF. ($300) Ex Gorny & Mosch 208 (16 October 2012), lot 1024.

384. EASTERN EUROPE, Imitations of Thasos. Late 2nd-1st centuries BC. AR Tetradrachm (30mm, 14.19 g, 1h). Mint in the region of the lower Danube, Moesia, or Thrace. Wreathed head of young Dionysos left, highly schematized / Stylized Herakles standing facing, head left, holding club and lion skin; X X flanking head, legend reduced to pellets. OTA Class V/B; Lukanc 1901. Toned, light marks. EF. ($300) Ex G. Hirsch 287 (7 February 2013), lot 1634.

385. EASTERN EUROPE, Imitations of Larissa. Mid-late 3rd century BC. AR Tetradrachm (19.5mm, 14.02 g, 7h). Apollokopf-Dickscrhötling type. Mint in the central Carpathian region. Facing head of Apollo / Plumed horseman riding left; branch below horse. OTA 226/3 (same dies); KMW 1126 (same dies). Toned. VF. ($400) Ex Coin Galleries (18 December 2007), lot 9.

99


1

5

12 8

13 2

9 6

14

3 10

15

16

7 11

4

17 386. EASTERN & CENTRAL EUROPE, A Collection of Celtic Ring Money. Lot of Seventeen (17) items. Includes the following: BALKANS/DANUBIAN REGION (1) 6th-1st centuries BC. Æ (30mm, 6.48 g). Ring money with 4 prongs at 90 degrees. Quere – // (2) 6th-1st centuries BC. Æ (26mm, 5.29 g). Ring money with 4 small nubbins at 90 degrees. Quere – // (3) 6th-1st centuries BC. Æ (27mm, 7.09 g). Ring money covered with tiny nubbins along top, bottom, and outer edges // (4) 5th-4st centuries BC. Æ (32mm, 17.42 g). Ring money with 4 oversized prongs extending outwards 90 degrees // (5) 5th-4st centuries BC. Æ (17mm, 3.25 g). Ring money with 3 individual prongs at 120 degrees // (6) 3rd-2nd centuries BC. Æ (52mm, 23.27 g). Ring money with 4 bulbs of 3 knobs each. Rare so large. Quere – // (7) Circa 200 BC. Æ (36mm, 33.68 g). Ring money with 4 bulbs. Quere – // (8) Circa 200 BC. Æ (29mm, 27.92 g). Ring money with 4 square knobs. Quere 7.131 // (9) 2nd-1st centuries BC. Æ (25mm, 3.60 g). Ring money with 6 knobs in paired sets. CENTRAL EUROPE (10) 4th-2nd centuries BC. Pb (28mm, 13.93 g). Ring money with 8 pronged sprues. Rare // (11) 1st century BC. Potin (24mm, 8.09 g). Ring money with four curved spokes. Likely from western (or northwestern) Switzerland. Cf. Castelin 982; Salicis 7033. GAUL (12) 1st Millennia BC. Æ (30mm, 10.02 g). Hexagonal ring money with six pellets, one at each apex along outer edge. Quere 7.3.6, Salicis 68, Victoor VII 2c. Scarce // (13) 1st Millennia BC. Æ (20mm, 1.91 g). Ring (wheel) money with six spokes. Salicis 93 // (14) 1st Millennia BC. Æ (22mm, 14.95 g). Ring money with 8 cabochons/ 8 cabochons. Salicis 58; Victoor IV 4g. UNCERTAIN REGION (15) 5th-3rd centuries BC. Æ (12mm, 0.31 g). Plain circular ring. Salicis 003 // (16) 2nd-1st centuries BC. Æ (19mm, 1.35 g). Ring money with 3 small nubbins evenly spaced around. Quere – // (17) Circa 80-20 BC. Æ (24mm, 9.16 g). Ring money with three small nubs. Quere –. All items average VF condition, with patina. LOT SOLD AS IS, NO RETURNS. Seventeen (17) items in lot. 100

($750)


ORIENTAL GREEK COINAGE Published by Abgarians and Sellwood

387. KINGS of PARTHIA. Artabanos I (Arsakes II). 211-185 BC. AR Drachm (17mm, 4.03 g, 12h). RhagaiArsakeia(?) mint. Head left, wearing bashlyk / Archer (Arsakes I) seated right on backless throne, holding bow; to right, eagle standing facing, head left. Sellwood 6.1; A&S Type 6, pl. 21, 6/13 corr. (this coin; but almost certainly 6/14 in the text, not 6/13); cf. Sunrise 243 (for type); Shore 4. Near EF. ($500) Ex Malloy XLVIII (17 April 1998), lot 219.

388. KINGS of PARTHIA. Mithradates I. 165-132 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 15.34 g, 12h). Seleukeia on the Tigris mint. Struck circa 141 BC. Diademed bust right within bead-and-reel border / Young Herakles standing left, holding skyphos and club; Q in exergue. Sellwood 13.2; Sunrise 260; Shore 35. Toned. Good VF. ($1500)

389

390

389. KINGS of PARTHIA. Orodes II. Circa 57-38 BC. BI Tetradrachm (29.5mm, 15.39 g, 12h). Seleukeia on the Tigris mint. Diademed bust left, wart on forehead, neck torque ends in sea horse / Orodes seated left, holding scepter and Nike, who crowns him with wreath. Sellwood 48.1; Sunrise 376 (this coin); Shore 212; Callataÿ 2-39. Toned, weakly struck at high points. Good VF. Possibly overstruck on an uncertain issue. ($750) Ex Sunrise Collection (New York Sale XXXVII, 5 January 2016), lot 145.

390. KINGS of PARTHIA. Phraatakes, with Musa. Circa 2 BC-AD 4. AR Drachm (22mm, 3.65 g, 2h). Ekbatana mint. Struck circa AD 1-4. Diademed bust of Phraatakes left; to left, Nikai flying right, and to right, Nikai flying left, each crowning him / Crowned bust of Musa right; + below chin. Sellwood 58.9; Sunrise 404; Shore 324. Slight double strike, light porosity. Good VF. Struck on a broad flan. Possibly overstruck on an uncertain undertype. ($1000)

101


Unpublished Monogram

391. KINGS of CHARACENE. Hyspaosines. Circa 127-124 BC. AR Tetradrachm (33mm, 15.86 g, 12h). CharaxSpasinu mint. Dated SE 185 (127 BC). Diademed head right / Herakles seated left on rock, holding club on knee; Y or + to right of rock; ¬∏r (date) in exergue. Assar fig. 13 var. (monogram and its placement); Alram –; De Morgan –; BMC –; Sunrise –; DCA 179 var. (same); Zeno –. Areas of porosity, cleaning marks, light smoothing. VF. Apparently unique for this monogram. None in CoinArchives. ($500)

392. KINGS of PERSIS. Vādfradād (Autophradates) II. Early-mid 2nd century BC. AR Tetradrachm (24.5mm, 16.77 g, 12h). Istakhr (Persepolis) mint. Bearded head right, wearing diadem and kyrbasia adorned with eagle / Fire temple of Ahura-Mazda; above, half-figure of Ahura-Mazda; to left, Vādfradād standing right, raising hand; to right, eagle standing left on standard; trace of legend to outer left; P†3 and ;; (p[r]t[rk]’ = “f(ra)ta(rakā)” and ll = “ilahy” in Aramaic) to right of altar. K&M 3/1 (same obv. die); Alram 546; DeMorgan, p. 403 and pl. XXVIII, 10 (same obv. die as illustration); cf. BMC 1 (Darius[?]; for type); Sunrise –; MACW –; CNG 111, lot 441 (same obv. die); Nomos 14, lot 172 (same obv. die). Toned, minor porosity. EF. Very rare with reverse inscription. ($4000)

393. KINGS of PERSIS. Vādfradād (Autophradates) II. Early-mid 2nd century BC. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 16.69 g, 1h). Istakhr (Persepolis) mint. Bearded head right, wearing diadem and kyrbasia adorned with eagle / Fire temple of AhuraMazda; above, half-figure of Ahura-Mazda; to left, Vādfradād standing right, raising hand; to right, eagle standing left on standard; å! (’’ in Aramaic) to right of altar. Cf. K&M 3/1 (for type; same obv. die); Alram 546; DeMorgan, p. 403 and pl. XXVIII, 7 (same obv. die as illustration); cf. BMC 1 (Darius[?]; for type); Sunrise –; MACW –; CNG 111, lot 441 var. (legend). Toned, die breaks on reverse. EF. Overstruck on uncertain undertype, possibly an issue of Baydād (Bagadat). ($4000)

102


Extremely Rare Inscribed Tetradrachm of Vādfradād (Autophradates) II

394. KINGS of PERSIS. Vādfradād (Autophradates) II. Early-mid 2nd century BC. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 16.58 g, 1h). Istakhr (Persepolis) mint. Bearded head right, wearing diadem and kyrbasia adorned with eagle / Fire temple of AhuraMazda; above, half-figure of Ahura-Mazda; to left, Vādfradād standing right, raising hand, bow before; to right, eagle standing left on standard; [®†]P[RK†] ([wt]p[rdt] = “Vādfradād” in Aramaic) to outer left; PR†R%! (prtrk’ = “fratarakā” in Aramaic) in exergue; [‹]! [1];2& ([z]y ’lh’ = “zy ilahy” in Aramaic) to right of altar. Cf. K&M 3/1 (for type); cf. Alram 546; DeMorgan, p. 403 and pl. XXVIII, 8 (same); cf. BMC 1 (Darius[?]; same); Sunrise –; MACW –; Roma E-58, lot 387 var. (arrangement of legend). Toned, triple struck. EF. Extremely rare with the full reverse legend. ($5000)

395. BAKTRIA, Local issues. Circa 285/3-280/78 BC. AR Drachm (13mm, 3.01 g, 3h). Local standard. Uncertain mint in the Oxus region. Helmeted head of Athena right / Eagle standing left, head right; above, grape cluster on vine. SMAK pp. 64-70; Nicolet-Pierre & Amandry 54 = Künker 295, lot 419 (same dies); Bopearachchi, Sophytes 11-2 var. (no grape cluster); SNG ANS 14-16; HGC 12, 8. Hint of die rust and die breaks. Near EF. Well struck, good metal. ($750)

396. BAKTRIA, Greco-Baktrian Kingdom. Euthydemos I Theos Megas. Circa 225-200/195 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29mm, 16.35 g, 12h). Mint B (“Baktra”). Struck circa 210-206 BC. Diademed head right / Herakles seated left on rock, holding club set on rocks; } to right of rock. Kritt B14; Bopearachchi 9A; HGC 12, 42. Toned, minor roughness, a few metal flaws, edge lamination. EF. ($750) Ex Peter K. Tompa Collection, purchased from Frank Kovacs, 19 November 2004.

397. BAKTRIA, Greco-Baktrian Kingdom. Antimachos I Theos. Circa 180-170 BC. AR Tetradrachm (33mm, 16.84 g, 12h). Diademed and draped bust right, wearing kausia / Poseidon, laureate, standing facing, holding trident and filleted palm frond; à to inner right. Bopearachchi 1E; Bopearachchi & Rahman 179; SNG ANS –; MIG Type 124a; HGC 12, 106. Iridescent toning, light porosity. Good VF. ($1000) 103


398. BAKTRIA, Greco-Baktrian Kingdom. Eukratides I Megas. Circa 170-145 BC. AR Tetradrachm (32mm, 17.00 g, 12h). Diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, wearing crested helmet adorned with bull’s horn and ear; all within beadand-reel border / The Dioskouroi, holding palm fronds and spears, on horses rearing right; Í in lower right field. Bopearachchi 6E; SNG ANS 465; HGC 12, 131. A hint of deposits, traces of underlying luster. EF. ($1000) From the John L. Cowan Collection. Ex Pegasi XXXIV (24 May 2016), lot 269 (obverse illustrated on back cover).

Eukratides “the Great”

399. BAKTRIA, Greco-Baktrian Kingdom. Eukratides I Megas. Circa 170-145 BC. AR Tetradrachm (33mm, 16.96 g, 12h). Diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, wearing crested helmet adorned with bull’s horn and ear; all within beadand-reel border / The Dioskouroi, holding palm fronds and spears, on horses rearing right; à in lower right field. Bopearachchi 6X; SNG ANS 472; HGC 12, 131. A hint of deposits, short hairline edge crack. Superb EF. Well centered and boldly struck on a broad flan. ($2500) By 240 BC, the regions encompassing modern Afghanistan, western Pakistan and northern India had broken from Seleukid rule to become independent under their own line of kings, which were showcased in a series of coin portraits of astonishing power and realism. Greatest of these was Eukratides I, who reigned circa 170-145 BC. His vast realm was larger than any other Greek-ruled kingdom of the time. Indeed he bestowed upon himself the title of Megas (”the Great”), as seen on his coinage. Eukratides struck silver coins in vast numbers and many survive today. This magnificent silver tetradrachm depicts Eucratides as a general wearing a broad-brimmed Baktrian helmet, greatly resembling a modern-day British explorer in a pith helmet. The portrait, rendered in sculptural high relief, is nearly photographic in its realism and exemplifies the virtuosity achieved by the artisans of this far-flung Greek enclave.

CENTRAL ASIAN COINAGE

400. INDO-PARTHIANS, Gondopharid Dynasty. Orthagnes (Gondophares-Gadana). Circa 1 BC-AD 20/30. AR Drachm (18.5mm, 3.55 g, 3h). Uncertain mint in Seistan. Diademed bust left, wearing Parthian-style tiara decorated with crescent or horn, and chain necklace / Orthaganes seated right holding bow and being crowned by Nike standing behind. Senior 256.5D. Toned, light roughness on obverse. VF. Very rare. ($1000) 104


401

402

403

401. INDO-PARTHIANS, Gondopharid Dynasty. Sanabares. Usurper, mid 1st century AD. AR Drachm (19mm, 2.94 g, 12h). Uncertain mint in Seistan. Diademed bust left wearing tiara; Ås in Pahlavi up right / King enthroned right, holding bow; + below bow; exergual line below archer. Senior 262.2D. Toned. VF. Rarer variety with exergoal line below archer. ($300) 402. INDO-PARTHIANS, Gondopharid Dynasty. Abdagases II. Mid-late 1st century AD. AR Drachm (20mm, 2.91 g, 11h). Uncertain mint in Seistan. Diademed bust left; RY1 (’wd in Aramaic) behind / Archer (Arsakes I) seated right on throne, holding bow; + below bow. Senior 233.1-2. Toned, edge chip and edge split. VF. Extremely rare. ($300) 403. INDO-PARTHIANS, Gondopharid Dynasty. Pakores. Mid-late 1st century AD. AR Drachm (19mm, 3.50 g, 12h). Uncertain mint in Seistan. Diademed and draped bust left; zrzKj (pkwry in Aramaic) to right / Archer (Arsakes I) seated right on throne, holding bow; + below bow. Senior 268.1Dii. Toned, spot of hard green on reverse. VF. ($300)

Double Dinar of Vima Kadphises

404. INDIA, Kushan Empire. Vima Kadphises. Circa AD 113-127. AV Double Dinar (24mm, 15.93 g, 12h). Bilingual series. Main mint in Baktria. bacilEyc ooh mo kadfichc, diademed and crowned half-length bust of Vima Kadphises right on clouds, holding mace-scepter in right hand; flames at shoulder; 9 to left / [Å]rd~ Å9`k m˙ År·Óm År·Ó g¬‰Å ÅjrÎjr Åjrhm (Maharajasa rajadirajasa sarvaloga iśvarasa mahiśvarasa vima kaphthiśasa tradara[sa] in Kharosthi), ithyphallic Siva standing facing, head left, holding trident in right hand and resting left arm on bull Nandi behind, who is standing right with head facing; 0 (Three Jewels) to left. Bopearachchi, Premiers, Série X, 24; MK 12 (O4/R12A); ANS Kushan 261; Sunrise 524; Donum Burns 77. EF. ($20,000)

405. INDIA, Kushan Empire. Kanishka I. Circa AD 127-151. AV Dinar (20.5mm, 8.00 g, 12h). Main mint in Baktria (Balkh?). Early phase. saonanosao ka nIs˚i ˚osano, Kanishka, diademed and crowned, standing facing, head left, holding goad and scepter, sacrificing over altar to left; flame at shoulder / nanasao up left, Nana, nimbate, wearing fillet and crescent, standing right, holding scepter and box; 8 to right. MK 60 (dies unlisted); ANS Kushan 380; Donum Burns 130. EF. ($1500) 105


406. INDIA, Gupta Empire. First Dynasty. Kumaragupta I Mahendraditya. Circa AD 413-455. AV Dinar (20mm, 8.17 g, 12h). Horseman type. Kumaragupta, right on horseback / The goddess Lakshmi seated left on basket, presenting grapes to peacock standing before and holding lotus. Kumar Class I Variety C.1; BKB 151 (same dies); BMC Guptas 207-9 and p. 71, –; Altekar Class I, Variety C; Bayana 1396-1432. Toned, double strike on obverse. Near EF. ($2000)

407. SASANIAN KINGS. Ardaxšīr (Ardashir) I. As King of Persis, AD 205/6-223/4. AR Drachm (23mm, 3.71 g, 10h). Mint A (“Stakhr”). Phase 1 (circa AD 205/6-224). ¡˚¬µ (MRK’ in Sasanian) to left, äSTr1 4 to right (bgy ‘rthšt[r] in Sasanian) to right, bearded facing head, wearing diadem and Parthian-style tiara decorated with pellet in crescent / MKZZ1 (retrograde MRK’ in Sasanian) to left, uYP1P 4 6 ! (... bgy p’pky in Sasanian) to right, bearded head of Papak left, wearing diadem and Parthian-style tiara with pellet-in-crescent. K&M 6/3; SNS type I(1)/1(1); Göbl type I/1; cf. Paruck 4-7; cf. Saeedi 7. Toned, some porosity. VF. ($1000)

408. SASANIAN KINGS. Šābuhr (Shahpur) I. AD 240-272. AV Dinar (21mm, 7.28 g, 3h). Mint I (“Ctesiphon”). Phase 2, circa AD 260-272. !000 NM 0000X 0NM N! 00!!00M N!00 M 00j000j! 4 †0000µ (mzdysn bgy šhpwhry MRK’n MRK’ ’yr’n MNW ctry MN yzd’n in Pahlavi), bust right, wearing diadem and mural crown with korymbos / bj100) (nwr’zy in Pahlavi) to right, )00jojç (šhpwhry in Pahlavi) to left, fire altar; flanked by two attendants wearing mural crowns; • to left of altar shaft, ˘ to right. SNS type IIc/1b, style P, group b; Göbl type I/1; Saeedi AV4 var. (no pellets on rev.); Sunrise 739 var. (same). Toned, hint of die rust, slight double strike on reverse. EF. A well centered, detailed strike. ($5000)

409. SASANIAN KINGS. Šābuhr (Shahpur) I. AD 240-272. AV Dinar (22mm, 7.38 g, 3h). Mint I (“Ctesiphon”). Phase 2, circa AD 260-272. !000 NM 000X 0NM N! 00!!00M NN000 ÁRRjRRj! 4 †0000µ (mzdysn bgy šhpwhry MRK’n MRK’ ’yr’n MNW ctry MN yzd’n in Pahlavi), bust right, wearing diadem and mural crown with korymbos / bj100N (nwr’zy in Pahlavi) to right, )00jµjç (šhpwhry in Pahlavi) to left, fire altar; flanked by two attendants wearing mural crowns; > to left of flames; two pellets to right of altar. SNS type IIc/1b, style P, group b; Göbl type I/1; Paruck –; Saeedi AV5 var. (no pellets); Sunrise 740 var. (same); CNG 111, lot 473 (same dies). Minor die rust, slight double strike on reverse. EF. ($4000) 106


410. SASANIAN KINGS. Šābuhr (Shahpur) I. AD 240-272. BI Tetradrachm (26mm, 11.46 g, 9h). Mint I (“Ctesiphon”). Phase 2, circa AD 260-272. Bust right, wearing diadem and mural crown with korymbos and earflaps / Fire altar; flanked by two attendants wearing mural crowns. SNS type IIc/1a, style P, Group d/1; Sunrise –; SNS Schaaf –; cf. Zeno 221320; CNG 75, lot 726. Toned, red and green deposits, porous surfaces. VF. Extremely rare and one of the finest specimens. ($1000)

Extremely Rare Signed Merv Mint Dinar

411. SASANIAN KINGS. Šābuhr (Shahpur) I. AD 240-272. AV Dinar (24.5mm, 7.20 g, 3h). Mint II (Merv). Phase 2, circa AD 260-272. b1LZLbZWW0000 W UWM eU 00M 00M UZ 0U00M0Ajç i0M 0A00M (mzdysn bgy šhpwhry MRK’n MRK’ ’yr’n MNW tšry in Pahlavi), bust right, wearing diadem and mural crown with korymbos; korymbos decorated with alternating ი and ˘; ი on each shoulder; U to upper right / UZ¬ZoKc (šhpwhry in Pahlavi) to left, 00UKW†Å (nwr’zy in Pahlavi) to right, fire altar; flanked by two attendants, each wearing mural crown with ribbons and korymbos and holding staff; UK:M (mlwy in Pahlavi) to right of flames. SNS type IIc/1a, style uncertain; Loginov & Nikitin 1, 26; Göbl type I/1; Paruck –; Saeedi AV8 (same dies); Sunrise 743 = New York Sale XXXVII, lot 396 = Zeno 163913. Hints of deposits, evidence of possibly having been placed in a bezel. Near EF. Extremely rare, only the Sunrise coin in CoinArchives. ($5000)

412. SASANIAN KINGS. Šābuhr (Shahpur) I. AD 240-272. AV Dinar (24mm, 7.32 g, 3h). Mint VI? (“Sakastan”?). Phase Ic, circa AD 251-258. UK¡X WNM L1RL1 1KE M E1KKo 0˚j U˚µjC 4 0¡dRM (mzdysn bgy šhpwhry MRK’n MRK’ ’yr’n MNW tšry in Pahlavi), bust right, wearing diadem and mural crown with korymbos; korymbos decorated with alternating ი and ˘; ი on each shoulder; U to upper right / ‚j1KWb (nwr’zy in Pahlavi) to left, ¬ KjKpjÅ (šhpwhry in Pahlavi) to right, fire altar; flanked by two attendants, each wearing mural crown with ribbons and korymbos and holding staff surmounted by ¯; ¯ on altar shaft. SNS type IIc/2b, style L; Göbl type I/1; Paruck ; Saeedi –; Sunrise –; Heritage 3054, lot 30179 (same dies, but later die state); Roma E-45, lot 383 (same dies, but later die state); Lanz 164, lot 105. Near EF. Extremely rare. ($3000) 107


413. SASANIAN KINGS. Vahrām (Bahram) I. AD 273-276. AV Dinar (22mm, 7.36 g, 3h). Style A/c. ‘Ctesiphon’ mint. 0000π oZ UjiNo NN!o N!00 U N!ZjZeZ $ N00UZZo (mzdysn bgy wrhr’n MRK’n MRK’ ’yr’n MNW ctry MN yz[d’n] in Pahlavi), bust right, wearing diadem and radiate crown with korymbos; • above diadem ties / bZZY (nwr’ zy in Pahlavi) to left, ZZjR!ˆ (wrhr’n in Pahlavi) to right, fire altar; flanked by two attendants, the one on the left wears crown with korymbos, the other wears mural crown. SNS type I(1)/1ab(1a); Göbl type I/1; Paruck 105; Saeedi AV16 (same obv. die); Sunrise 754 (same obv. die); Adams I 161 (same obv. die). Minor double strike. Good VF. ($7500)

414. SASANIAN KINGS. Vahrām (Bahram) II. AD 276-293. AV Dinar (22mm, 7.41 g, 3h). Style I. ‘HWPY/HRPY’ (Herat?) mint. YNuXZNP N!Zu! !RRM N!fijLˆ Y$ NsYduµ (blundered mzdysn bgy wrhr’n MRK’ ’yr’n MN yzd’n in Pahlavi), bust right, wearing winged crown with korymbos / bZZZY (blundered nwr ’zy in Pahlavi) on left, ´YºWZZ (blundered wrhr ’n in Pahlavi) on right, fire altar; flanked by two attendants, the left wearing winged crown with korymbos, the right wearing mural crown. SNS type I(1)/1(1a), style I (unrecorded there as a dinar); Göbl type I/1; Paruck –; Saeedi –; Triton XXI, lot 591 (same dies); Sunrise Collection (New York Sale XXXVII), lot 422 (same dies); Album 26, lot 59 (same dies, but a slightly later die state). Minor weakness at periphery, a few minor marks. Superb EF. Well centered strike with traces of underlying luster. Fine style. Extremely rare. ($7500)

415 416 415. SASANIAN KINGS. Yazdgird (Yazdgard) I. AD 399-420. AR Drachm (32mm, 4.15 g, 3h). AWH (OhrmazdArdaxšīr) mint. Bust right on floral ornament, wearing mural crown with frontal crescent and korymbos / Fire altar with ribbons; flanked by two attendants, each wearing plain crown with korymbos; flanking flames, crescent above pellet, additional crescent to left; mint signature to left and right; series of pellets on altar shaft. SNS type Ib1/1a, Var. 6; Sunrise –; CNG E-411, lot 271. Bright surfaces. Superb EF. Rare mint signature. ($200) 416. SASANIAN KINGS. Vahrām (Bahram) V. AD 420-438. AR Drachm (30.5mm, 4.17 g, 3h). GW (Gurgān or Qum?) mint. Bust right, wearing mural crown with ribbons and korymbos set on crescent / Fire altar with head of Bahram right on shaft; flanked by two attendants; pellets flanking; mintmark to outer right. SNS Type Ib2/2; cf. Sunrise 920. Bright surfaces, minor die rust in devices, slight double strike on reverse. Superb EF. ($200)

108


417. SASANIAN KINGS. Husrav (Khosrau) II. AD 590-628. AR Drachm (32mm, 4.09 g, 3h). Uncertain mint. Dated RY 23 (AD 613). 02∑§ G ([GDH monogram] ‘pzwt’ in Pahlavi) to left, AÚM flÚM bÚV˙ (hwslwb MRK’n MRK’ in Pahlavi) to right, facing bust of Husrav, wearing mural crown with two wings and star-in-crescent, ribbons on shoulders; monogram to upper left, star-in-crescents flanking crown / U2VUN- (šyčwyst in Pahlavi [date]) to left, U2Lfl2Ú§ fl;LA (’ylyn apzwt’nyt’ in Pahlavi) to right, facing bust of Anahit with flame nimbus. Malek, Khusrau p. 37, – Göbl type IV/5; Mochiri 917; Saeedi 277. Toned, minor die breaks. EF. A well centered strike. An exceptional specimen. Rare. ($5000)

418. SASANIAN KINGS. Bōrān. AD 630-631. AR Drachm (31mm, 4.01 g, 9h). SK (Sakastan) mint. Dated RY 3 (AD 631). Crowned bust right, star behind crown, star in crescent before / Fire altar with ribbons; flanked by two attendants, star and crescent flanking flames, RY date to left, mint signature to right. Malek & Curtis 74-133; SC Tehran –; Sunrise 1006 var. (date). Lightly toned, minor scratches and die rust, slightly bent flan. VF. ($500)

ROMAN PROVINCIAL COINAGE

419

420

419. THRACE, Bizya. Hadrian. AD 117-138. Æ (25mm, 10.20 g, 6h). Laureate heroic bust right, slight drapery on shoulder, strap across chest / Banquet scene: man reclining left on klinè; at his feet is seated a female figure, with right foot on stool, [extending left hand toward (or feeding?) a coiled serpent erect before a second stool]; to left, youth standing facing, head right; to right, forepart of horse left. RPC III 732 corr. (serpent-entwined staff); cf. Jurukova, Bizye 8. Brown surfaces, light roughness and pitting on reverse. VF. Rare. ($300) This coin depicts an interesting scene that was repeated by two other emperors and was obviously of great local significance. While sometimes thought to depict the local myth of King Tereus being served the corpse of his son in revenge for his crimes against his sister-in-law, the serpent or serpent-entwined staff beneath the couch has led others to identify the central figures as Asclepius and Hygeia. A fuller understanding of this scene unfortunately eludes us.

420. PONTUS, Neocaesarea. Severus Alexander. AD 222-235. Æ (32mm, 19.58 g, 1h). Dated CY 171 (AD 234/5). Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Two tetrastyle temples; above, agonistic urn with two palm branches. Çizmelli 274 (D3/R12); RG 41; CNG E-211, lot 312 (same dies). Brown surfaces, cleaning marks, light roughness. Good VF. Very rare. ($300) 109


The Earliest Portrait of Caesar to Appear on a Coin

421. BITHYNIA, Nicaea. Julius Caesar. Æ (24mm, 8.38 g, 11h). C. Vibius Pansa, proconsul. Dated CY 236 (47/6 BC). Bare head of Caesar right; [N]IKAEΩN up left / EΠI ΓAIOV down right, OVBIOV/ΠANΣA down left, Nike advancing right, holding palm frond in right hand, wreath in left; uncertain monograms to lower left and inner right, ςΛΣ (date) in exergue. Weiser, Nikaia –; RPC I 2026; RG 11; BMC 8-9; Triton XIX, lot 356. Dark green patina, light smoothing, cleaning scratches. Good VF. Rare and attractive. ($5000) This type was the first anywhere to feature the portrait of Julius Caesar. C. Vibius Pansa was part of the Caesarian faction at Rome and probably owed his proconsulship to his patron. The only other definite lifetime portrait of Caesar from the provincial series was an issue of circa 45 BC at Lampsacus (RPC I 2268-2269). Both of these issues preceded the earliest appearance of his portrait at Rome, on the denarii of M. Mettius in January 44 BC.

The Rape of Persephone

422. MYSIA, Cyzicus. Pseudo-autonomous issue. Time of Caracalla, AD 211-217. Æ (34mm, 17.06 g, 6h). Kore Soteira issue. Draped bust of Kore right, wearing oak and grain ear wreath / The Rape of Persephone: Hades, cloak billowing behind him, standing slightly left in quadriga right, holding the limp body of Persephone with his right hand and the reigns of the quadriga with his left. Von Fritze X, Group VI, 41 and pl. VI, 34 (only obv. illustrated: same die); SNG BN –; SNG Copenhagen –: Savoca 14, lot 427 (same dies). Dark brown, almost black, surfaces, even roughness. VF. Very rare. ( $500) Ex Stack’s Bowers Galleries (12 January 2017), lot 5209; Nomos 12 (22 May 2016), lot 172. Like Eleusis in Central Greece, Cyzicus was also an important center for the worship of Persephone. Among the most ancient of the deities in the Olympian pantheon and with connections to a pre-Hellenic mother earth goddess, she was, in her incarnation as Kore, the unmarried maiden, closely associated with Demeter, or Deo, the woman as matron and mother. Later adapted to create the mother-daughter pair and incorporated into traditional Classical mythology, Demeter remained connected with fertility, particularly that of the earth, while Persephone became the queen of the Underworld and whose part in the Eleusinian Mysteries offered the hope of life after death. According to the tradition myth, as related in the Homeric Hymn to Demeter, (verses 15-18), Hades fell in love with Persephone, the daughter of Demeter, and asked Zeus for permission to marry her. Zeus did not wish to offend his brother by refusing, but knew also that Demeter would not forgive him if Persephone were committed to the underworld. Zeus stated that he would neither give nor withhold his consent. This emboldened Hades to abduct Persephone, as she was picking flowers in a meadow, and carry her away in his horse-drawn chariot to the underworld, as is depicted on this coin’s reverse.

423. CARIA, Antiochia ad Maeandrum. Gallienus. AD 253-268. Æ (34.5mm, 19.37 g, 6h). Radiate, helmeted, and cuirassed bust left, with spear and shield / Six-arched bridge across the Maeander river; triple-bayed gateway or triumphal arch at left, with a stork perched on top; on guard rail, figure of river-god Maeander reclining left, leaning on upturned urn and holding cornucopia. SNG München 92; SNG von Aulock 2430; SNG Copenhagen –. Green and red-brown patina, some roughness on reverse, stabilized green deposits. VF. Rare. ($500) 110


424 425 424. CAPPADOCIA, Caesarea-Eusebia. Nero, with Divus Claudius. AD 54-68. AR Didrachm (22mm, 6.90 g, 12h). Struck circa AD 63-65. NERO CLΛVD DI CLΛVD F CΛESΛR ΛVG GERMΛ, laureate head of Nero right / DIVOS CLΛVD ΛVGVST GERMΛNIC PΛTER ΛVG, laureate head of Claudius right. RPC I 3647 var. (legends); RIC I 620 corr. (obv. legend); Sydenham, Caesarea 68. Lightly toned, some light scratches and marks, minor metal flaws. Near EF. Nice portraits. ($500) 425. CYRRHESTICA, Hierapolis. Diadumenian. AD 218. AR Tetradrachm (24.5mm, 12.40 g, 12h). Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Eagle standing facing, head and tail right, with wings spread, holding wreath in beak; between legs, lion advancing right. Prieur 947. Lightly toned, a touch of porosity. EF. ($500) From the TS Collection. Ex Sotheby’s (15 October 1998), lot 53.

426. SELEUCIS and PIERIA, Antioch. Nero, with Agrippina Junior. AD 54-68. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 14.00 g, 12h). Dated RY 3 and year 105 of the Caesarean Era (AD 56/7). Head of Nero right, wearing oak wreath / AΓPIΠΠEINHΣ ΣEBAΣT[HΣ], head of Agrippina right, with hair tied in long braid at back, two strands of hair hanging down neck; in right field, Γ above EP (dates); • below neck. Prieur 74a; McAlee 254; RPC Suppl. 4175. Toned, minor porosity, a few light scratches. Good VF. ($750) From the Michel Prieur Collection. Ex Group CEM (Classical Numismatic Group 91, 19 September 2012), lot 602 (further pedigree to Triton IV is erroneous).

427. SELEUCIS and PIERIA, Antioch. Nero, with Poppaea. AD 54-68. AR Drachm (16mm, 3.70 g, 12h). Struck circa AD 62-63. Laureate head of Nero right / Draped bust of Poppaea right. Prieur 88; McAlee 280/1 (same dies); RPC I 4187. Toned, light scratch on obverse. VF. ($750)

428. SELEUCIS and PIERIA, Antioch. Trajan. AD 98-117. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 14.68 g, 6h). Struck AD 98-99. Laureate head of Trajan right, set on eagle standing right; palm frond to upper left, club to lower right / Laureate bust of MelkartHercules right, with lion’s skin tied around neck. Prieur 1478 (Tyre); McAlee 450; RPC III 3523.12 (this coin). Toned, some minor deposits. Good VF. Very rare, only three noted by Prieur, and eight, including this coin, in CoinArchives. ($300) From the Michel Prieur Collection. Ex CNG Inventory 757139 (July 2005); Numismatica Ars Classica P (12 May 2005), lot 2002; Antiqua FPL V (December 1997), no. 48.

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Uranius Antoninus, Usurper Possibly the Second Known

429. SELEUCIS and PIERIA, Emesa. Uranius Antoninus. Usurper, AD 253-254. BI Tetradrachm (27mm, 12.53 g, 12h). Laureate and cuirassed bust left, wearing balteus / Eagle standing facing, head and tail left, with wings spread, holding wreath in beak; S C between legs; [ЄMICA] in exergue. Baldus 1 (dies I, 1); Prieur 1027; RPC IX 1868. Toned, some minor porosity. EF. Wonderful, detailed portrait. Extremely rare, both Prieur and the authors of RPC cite only the BN example in Paris. None in Coin Archives. ($5000)

430 431 430. SELEUCIS and PIERIA, Gabala. Macrinus. AD 217-218. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 12.43 g, 12h). Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / Eagle standing facing, head and tail left, with wings spread, holding wreath in beak; between legs, crescent over crab; date palm to right. Prieur 1090. Toned. Good VF. Extremely rare, only one known to Prieur, and five in CoinArchives. ($300) 431. SELEUCIS and PIERIA, Laodicea ad Mare. Caracalla. AD 198-217. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 13.86 g, 12h). Struck circa AD 208-209. Laureate and draped bust right / Eagle standing facing, head and tail left, with wings spread, holding wreath in beak; star between legs. Prieur 1152; Prieur & Amandry Group III, 37; McAlee, Severan, Group III, 28, pl. IV, 28. Toned, graffiti on obverse. Good VF. Very rare, seven known to Prieur, and five, including this coin, in CoinArchives. ($500) From the Michel Prieur Collection. Ex Peus 409 (25 April 2013), lot 790.

432. SELEUCIS and PIERIA, Laodicea ad Mare. Diadumenian. As Caesar, AD 217-218. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 12.04 g, 12h). Bareheaded, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Eagle standing facing, head and tail right, with wings spread, holding wreath in beak; star between legs. Prieur 1185. Toned, light graffito on obverse. EF. ($300) From the Michel Prieur Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 36 (5 December 1995), lot 2445.

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433

434

433. COELESYRIA, Heliopolis. Caracalla. AD 198-217. AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 11.82 g, 6h). Struck circa AD 215217. Radiate head right / Eagle standing facing, head and tail right, with wings spread, holding wreath in beak; between legs, star above lion advancing right. Prieur 1195 var. (rev. legend). Toned with underlying luster. EF. Attractive portrait. Rare reverse legend variety. Extremely rare, Prieur did not own this example when he published his book, and only one, this coin, in CoinArchives. ($200) From the Michel Prieur Collection. Ex Robert Gait Collection, no. 980; Elsen 70 (15 June 2002), lot 818.

434. DECAPOLIS, Gadara. Caracalla. AD 198-217. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 13.33 g, 6h). Struck circa AD 215-217. Laureate head of Caracalla right, set on eagle / Laureate head of Melqart-Hercules right, wearing lion’s skin; club before; below, the Three Graces within wreath. Prieur 1585. Toned, light porosity, a couple of flan flaws. VF. ($300)

435. DECAPOLIS, Gadara. Macrinus. AD 217-218. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 12.78 g, 11h). Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Eagle standing facing, head and tail left, with wings spread, holding wreath in beak; between legs, the Three Graces within wreath. Prieur 1607-11 var. (reverse legend ends with Π). EF, Toned, a touch of porosity. A rare variety that uses the reverse legend for Caracalla, which ends with ∆. ($500)

436. PHOENICIA, Berytus. Macrinus. AD 217-218. AR Tetradrachm (24.5mm, 13.04 g, 12h). Laureate head right / Eagle standing facing, head and tail left, with wings spread, holding wreath in beak; grain ears between legs; in exergue, dolphin-entwined trident right. Prieur 1299. Toned, a touch of porosity. VF. Extremely rare, only one known to Prieur, and two in CoinArchives. ($300)

437. PHOENICIA, Byblus. Caracalla. AD 198-217. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 12.65 g, 1h). Struck AD 215-217. Laureate head right / Eagle standing facing, head and tail left, with wings spread, holding wreath in beak, on ornate altar decorated with three niches, each containing a statue; K in right field. Prieur 1308 = SNG Righetti 2368 (same dies); Trtiton XVII, lot 759 (same dies). Toned, some granularity. VF. Extremely rare, the Triton coin is the only example in CoinArchives (where it hammered at $4000). ($1000) 113


438

439

438. PHOENICIA, Byblus. Caracalla. AD 198-217. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 13.83 g, 1h). Struck circa AD 215-217. Laureate head right / Eagle standing facing, head and tail left, with wings spread, holding wreath in beak; K to upper right, altar between legs. Prieur 1315 (this coin illustrated). Toned, some light porosity. Good VF. Very rare, only seven noted by Prieur, and one, this coin, in CoinArchives. ($300) From the Michel Prieur Collection. Ex G. Hirsch 157 (24 February 1988), lot 560.

439. PHOENICIA, Tyre. Caracalla. AD 198-217. AR Tetradrachm (25.5mm, 12.72 g, 12h). Struck circa AD 215-217. Laureate and cuirassed bust right / Eagle standing facing on club right, head and tail left, with wings spread, holding wreath in beak; murex shell between legs. Prieur 1549; Bellinger 307. Toned with underlying luster, minor deposits, lustrous. EF. Nice portrait style. ($300) From the Michel Prieur Collection. Ex Robert Gait Collection, no. 691; Waddell FPL 39 (1989), no. 54.

440. PHOENICIA, Tyre. Caracalla. AD 198-217. AR Tetradrachm (25.5mm, 12.72 g, 12h). Struck circa AD 215-217. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Eagle standing facing on club right, head left, with wings spread and wreath in beak; murex shell between legs. Prieur 1551; Bellinger 305. Minor die rust, lustrous. EF. Fine style portrait. ($300) From the Michel Prieur Collection. Ex Berk BBS 165 (28 July 2009), lot 529; Berk BBS 35 (12 February 1985), lot 331.

441. PHOENICIA, Tyre. Geta. AD 209-211. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 13.95 g, 6h). Struck circa AD 209-212. Laureate head right / Laureate bust of Melkart-Hercules right, with lion’s skin tied around neck. Prieur 1531. Toned, some light scratches and marks. EF. Extremely rare, only four noted by Prieur, and two, including this coin, in CoinArchives. ($750) From the Michel Prieur Collection. Ex Robert Gait Collection, no. 607; Auctiones AG 15 (18 September 1985), lot 391.

442. PHOENICIA, Tyre. Geta. AD 209-211. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 15.15 g, 12h). Struck AD 209-212. AVT KAI ΓЄTAC CЄ, laureate head right / Eagle standing facing on club, head and tail left, with wings spread, holding wreath in beak; murex shell between legs. Prieur 1538. Lightly toned, underlying luster. EF. Artistic potrait style. Rare obverse legend variety, only two noted by Prieur, and six (including this coin) in CoinArchives. ($300) From the Michel Prieur Collection. Ex Gorny & Mosch 134 (11 October 2004), lot 2206; Giessener Münzhandlung 90 (12 October 1998), lot 701.

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444

443

443. JUDAEA, Roman Administration. Diva Poppaea and Diva Claudia. Died 65 CE and 63 CE, respectively. Æ (18.5mm, 5.07 g, 12h). Caesarea Panias mint. Struck 65-68 CE. Distyle temple set upon high podium, containing statue of Diva Poppaea seated left / Hexastyle temple set upon high podium, containing statue of Diva Claudia left on basis. RPC I 4846; Meshorer, Caesarea pl. 7, H; Meshorer 354; Hendin 1270; Sofaer 87. Dark green patina with earthen deposits, minor roughness. In NGC encapsulation, 4529604-010, graded VF. Strike: 4/5; Surface: 3/5. ($500) Ex Shoshana Collection (Part I, Heritage 3003, 8 March 2012), lot 20150. The obverse of this coin honors Poppaea, Nero’s (and previously Otho’s) wife. In January of 63 CE she gave birth to Claudia, who survived only four months. This is the only coinage issued in the name of Nero’s daughter. According to Suetonius, Nero killed Poppaea, while pregnant with another child, by violently kicking her in the abdomen.

444. JUDAEA, Aelia Capitolina (Jerusalem). Caracalla. AD 198-217. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 13.68 g, 6h). Struck AD 215-217. Laureate head right / Eagle standing facing on filleted thyrsus, head and tail left, with wings spread, holding wreath in beak; between legs, Silenos mask left. Prieur 1619 var. (additional wine jar [amphora] in exergue); Meshorer, Aelia –; Sofaer –; Roma XIV, lot 430 (same obv. die). Toned. VF. Extremely rare, the Roma coin is the only example in CoinArchives. ($750)

Unpublished Aelia Tetradrachm

445. JUDAEA, Aelia Capitolina (Jerusalem). Caracalla. AD 198-217. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 12.36 g, 12h). Struck AD 215-217. AYT KAI ANTW NINOC CEB, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / ΔHMAPX ЄΞ VΠATOC TOΔ, eagle standing facing on filleted thyrsus, head and tail left, with wings spread, holding wreath in beak; in exergue, panther right and wine jar (amphora). Prieur –; Meshorer, Aelia –; Sofaer –. Toned. Good VF. Unpublished in the standard references. ($1000) Ex Roma XIII (23 March 2017), lot 520 (hammer £2600).

446

447

446. JUDAEA, Aelia Capitolina (Jerusalem). Caracalla. AD 198-217. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 11.96 g, 5h). Struck circa AD 215-217. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Eagle standing facing, head and tail left, with wings spread, holding wreath in beak; between legs, amphora. Meshorer, Aelia 89b; Prieur 1629 var. (rev. legend). Toned, minor porosity. VF. Very rare. ($750) 447. JUDAEA, Aelia Capitolina (Jerusalem). Macrinus. AD 217-218. AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 14.66 g, 12h). Laureate head right / Eagle standing facing on filleted thyrsus, head and tail left, with wings spread, holding wreath in beak; vine leaf between legs. Prieur 1637; Meshorer, Aelia 97; Sofaer –. Toned, a touch of porosity, trace of deposit on obverse. VF. Extremely rare, only two known to Prieur, and four in CoinArchives. ($500) 115


448

449

448. JUDAEA, Aelia Capitolina (Jerusalem). Diadumenian. As Caesar, AD 217-218. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 13.42 g, 12h). Bareheaded, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Eagle standing facing on [thyrsus], head and tail right, with wings spread, holding wreath in beak; wine jar (amphora) between legs. Prieur 1647; cf. Meshorer, Aelia 100; Sofaer –; CNG E-445, lot 354. Toned, light porosity, traces of underlying luster. VF. Extremely rare, only one known to Prieur, and one in CoinArchives. ($750) 449. JUDAEA, Ascalon. temp. Augustus(?). 27 BC-AD 14. Æ (15mm, 3.00 g, 12h). Male head right / Winged kerykeion (caduceus) A C flanking. RPC I 4874; SNG ANS –; cf. Rosenberger 42; AUB 51; Sofaer 50. Earthen green patina. VF. Rare, none in CoinArchives. ($300)

450. JUDAEA, Ascalon. Caracalla. AD 198-217. AR Tetradrachm (24.5mm, 14.69 g, 11h). Struck AD 215-217. Laureate head right / Eagle standing facing on palm frond, head and tail left, with wings spread, holding wreath in beak; in exergue, dove right with olive branch in beak. Prieur 1654; Sofaer 177. Toned, die break on reverse. VF. Very rare, only six noted by Prieur, and seven in CoinArchives. ($500)

Unpublished Variety

451. JUDAEA, Ascalon. Caracalla. AD 198-217. AR Tetradrachm (25.5mm, 15.63 g, 12h). Struck AD 215-217. Laureate head right / Eagle standing facing on palm frond, head and tail left, with wings spread, holding wreath in beak; between its legs, dove right. Prieur 1654-5 var. (dove in exergue); Sofaer 177-8 var. (same). Toned, minor metal flaws. VF. Extremely rare, this variety unknown to Prieur, and none in CoinArchives. ($500)

116


452. JUDAEA, Caesarea Maritima. Caracalla. AD 198-217. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 13.63 g, 6h). Struck circa AD 215-217. Laureate head of Caracalla right, set on eagle standing right; to lower right, serpent-entwined torch / Turreted and draped bust of Tyche left, wearing diadem of large pearls. Prieur –; Sofaer –; CNG 99, lot 515; CNG E-445, lot 361. Toned, a touch of porosity. VF. Extremely rare, Prieur did not own an example when he published his book, and only two in CoinArchives (CNG 99, lot 515 at $9500 & CNG E-445, lot 361). ($1500)

453 454 453. JUDAEA, Gaza. Diadumenian. As Caesar, AD 217-218. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 13.09 g, 1h). Bareheaded, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Eagle standing facing, head and tail left, with wings spread, holding wreath in beak; star to upper right; between legs, symbol of Marnas within circle. Prieur 1697; Sofaer 205. Toned, a couple of light scratches on obverse. VF. Extremely rare, only one known to Prieur, and six in CoinArchives. ($500) 454. MESOPOTAMIA, Carrhae. Macrinus. AD 217-218. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 13.27 g, 6h). Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Eagle standing facing, head and tail right, with wings spread, holding wreath in beak; star to upper left, crescent between legs, two pellets in exergue. Prieur 836. Lightly toned with underlying luster, a touch of porosity, spot of verdigris on reverse. EF. ($200) From the Michel Prieur Collection. Ex Robert Gait Collection, no. 718; Sotheby’s (22 March 1990), lot 86 (part of).

455 456 455. MESOPOTAMIA, Edessa. Macrinus. AD 217-218. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 11.22 g, 12h). Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Eagle standing facing, head and tail right, with wings spread, holding wreath in beak; shrine with pediment between legs. Prieur 864. Toned, faint porosity. Good VF. Very rare, only three noted by Prieur, and four, including this coin, in CoinArchives. ($300) From the Michel Prieur Collection. Ex Robert Gait Collection, 559; Springfield Collection (Part II, Bowers & Ruddy, 27 December 1982), lot 3085.

456. EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian, with Sabina. AD 117-138. BI Tetradrachm (23mm, 12.88 g, 12h). Dated RY 18 (AD 133/134). Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust of Hadrian right / Draped bust of Sabina right, wearing stephane; L IH (date) across field. Köln 1093; Dattari (Savio) 1255; K&G 32.572; RPC III 5870; Emmett 886.18. Toned, light porosity and edge deposits. VF. ($300)

117


Antinoüs as Hero

457. EGYPT, Alexandria. Antinoüs. Died AD 130. Æ Drachm (34mm, 26.70 g, 12h). Dated RY 19 of Hadrian (AD 134/135). ANTINOOY HPωOC, draped bust right, wearing hem–hem crown / Antinoüs, cloaked and holding caduceus, on horseback right; L/ IΘ (date) to right and below horse. Köln 1276; Dattari (Savio) 2080-2 & 8003-4; K&G 34a.1; RPC III 6062; Emmet 1346.19. Attractive brown patina with traces of green. VF. ($3000) Ex Phil Peck (“Morris”) Collection. Antinoüs was a handsome young man from Bithynia, who became the beloved companion of the Emperor Hadrian between AD 123/4 and 130, when the youth’s mysterious death occurred during an imperial tour of Egypt. In his (now lost) memoirs, Hadrian insisted Antinoüs had drowned in the Nile by accident; hostile historians implied that the emperor had sacrificed the youth in some rite to restore his failing health, or that Antinoüs had committed ritual suicide. More recently, it has been suggested that Antinoüs was murdered by Hadrian’s jealous wife Sabina and her female traveling companions. Whatever the truth, Antinoüs was extensively honored on the Roman provincial coinage of the East, particularly in Bithynia and Egypt, but was totally absent from the official Roman coinage, since the Romans regarded their emperor’s display of “Greek love” as an embarrassment. On this pleasing bronze drachm of Alexandria, Antinoüs is called “hero” and shown with the attributes of Horus (hem-hem crown on the obverse) and Mercury (caduceus on the reverse), two divinities who were often represented as handsome youths.

458 459 458. EGYPT, Alexandria. Antoninus Pius. AD 138-161. Æ Drachm (33mm, 25.65 g, 11h). Zodiac series. Dated RY 8 (AD 144/145). Laureate head right / Jupiter in Pisces – Bust right of Zeus (Jupiter), wearing taenia and drapery on left shoulder, transverse scepter across right shoulder; [star of eight rays before]; fish right and fish left below; [L-H] (date) to either side. Köln –; Dattari (Savio) 2981; K&G 35.260; Emmett 1692.8. Brown surfaces. In NGC encapsulation, 4935021009, graded VG, Strike: 5/5; Surface: 5/5. Rare, one of the better types in the Alexandrian Zodiac series. ($750) 459. EGYPT, Alexandria. Antoninus Pius. AD 138-161. Æ Drachm (33mm, 24.23 g, 11h). Zodiac series. Dated RY 8 (AD 144/145). Laureate head right / Jupiter in Sagittarius: Centaur galloping right, drawing bow and arrow, eight-rayed star above his head; above centaur, bust of Jupiter (Zeus) right with slight drapery; L H (date) below. Köln 1502; Dattari (Savio) 2974; K&G 35.262; Emmett 1693.8. Dark brown and green patina. In NGC encapsulation, 4935007-003, graded F, Strike: 4/5; Surface: 4/5. ($1000) 118


Isis Pharia, Goddess of Mariners

460. EGYPT, Alexandria. Antoninus Pius. AD 138-161. Æ Drachm (35mm, 28.88 g, 12h). Dated RY 10 (AD 146/7). ΑVT K T AIΛ AΔP ANTωNЄINOC CЄB ЄVCB, laureate head right / Isis Pharia sailing right, holding a sistrum and billowing sail; L ΔЄK-ATOV (date) around. Köln 1550; Dattari (Savio) 2668; K&G 35.359; Emmett 1590.12 (R5). Dark brown and green patina. Good VF. Extremely rare type for this regnal year. ($1000) The goddess Isis had many aspects and epithets in Egypt, among them Isis Pharia, goddess of mariners, so named for the famous Lighthouse of Alexandria, called the Pharos after the island on which it was built by Ptolemy II Philadelphos (280-247 BC). The lighthouse stood more than 100 meters (330 feet) tall and was named one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Isis Pharia is always depicted holding a billowing sail, sometimes by herself (as here), sometimes before or next to the Pharos. The remains of an immense statue of Isis Pharia in red granite have been discovered in the bay of Alexandria, part of a temple complex that stood near the base of the Pharos.

461 462 461. EGYPT, Alexandria. Commodus. AD 177-192. BI Tetradrachm (24mm, 11.55 g, 12h). Dated RY 29 of Marcus Aurelius (AD 188/189). Laureate head right / Pharos of Alexandria, on left, and corbita under sail right; [L] KΘ (date) in exergue. Köln 2242-3; Dattari (Savio) 3903; K&G 41.113; Emmett 2542.29. Red-brown patina. VF. ($500) 462. EGYPT, Alexandria. Annia Faustina. Augusta, AD 221. Potin Tetradrachm (24mm, 14.39 g, 12h). Dated RY 5 of Elagabalus (AD 221). Draped bust right / Ares standing facing, head left, holding parazonium and reversed spear; shield at feet to left; L Є (date) to left. Köln 2382; Dattari (Savio) 4190; K&G 59.2; Emmett 3028.5 (R2). Dark gray to black patina with traces of silvering. In NGC encapsulation, 4529603-002, graded Ch VF, Strike: 5/5; Surface: 4/5. ($750) Ex AMP Collection (Numismatica Ars Classica 98, 12 December 2016), lot 1311.

463 464 463. EGYPT, Alexandria. Domitius Domitianus. Usurper, AD 297-298. BI Octadrachm (22.5mm, 11.27 g, 12h). Dated RY 2 (AD 297/298). ΔOWITI ANOC CЄB (sic), radiate head right / Serapis standing right, raising right arm, holding scepter with left; palm frond to left, L B (date) to right. Cf. Köln 3367 (for type); cf. Dattari (Savio) 10829-10832 (same); K&G 126.2; Emmett 4241.2. Green and red-brown patina, minor smoothing in fields. EF. ($2000) 464. SYRTICA, Sabratha. Divus Augustus. Died AD 14. Æ (24mm, 10.16 g, 12h). HMŠ’ and ‘KBR, magistrates. Struck under Tiberius, AD 14. Head of Serapis right, wearing calathus; HMŠ’ ‘KBR to left / Radiate head of Divus Augustus right; lituus to right. MAA 43d; RPC I 817. Dark green patina, traces of earthen deposits, minor roughness. VF. Rare. ($300) 119


ROMAN REPUBLICAN COINAGE

465. Anonymous. Circa 300/280-276 BC. AR Didrachm (21mm, 7.12 g, 2h). Uncertain (Neapolis?) mint. Helmeted head of Mars left; oak spray to right / Horse’s head right, wearing bridle, on base inscribed rOÂANO; stalk of grain to left. Crawford 13/1; Burnett 18 (Oc/R12); Sydenham 1; RSC 4; cf. RBW 3 (for type). Toned, scratches. VF. ($1000) From the Andrew McCabe Collection, purchased from STR Collection. Ex Jacob Stein Collection (Gemini V, 6 January 2009), lot 212 (displayed at the Cincinnati Art Museum, 1994-2008, no. 125 of exhibition of 182 coins from his collection).

466

467

466. Anonymous. Circa 280 BC. Æ Aes Grave Uncia (26mm, 26.02 g). Mercury/Dioscuri series. Rome mint. Knucklebone; • (mark of value) to left / • (mark of value). Crawford 14/6; ICC 31; HN Italy 273; cf. RBW 6 (for type). Dark green patina with some light earthen deposits on the obverse. VF. ($300) From the Andrew McCabe Collection, purchased from the English Amateur Scholar Collection (not in NAC 92), March 2003. Ex Titano 10 (Second series, 24 February 2002), lot 65.

467. Anonymous. Circa 280 BC. Æ Aes Grave Semuncia (24mm, 14.58 g, 6h). Mercury/Dioscuri series. Rome mint. Acorn / Large S (mark of value). Crawford 14/7; ICC 32; HN Italy 274; cf. RBW 7 (for type). Dark green and brown patina with some earthen deposits, some light cleaning scratches. VF. Rare. ($300) From the Andrew McCabe Collection, purchased from Spink & Son Ltd, 26 November 1993 (with dated invoice included).

468. Anonymous. Circa 270 BC. Æ Aes Grave Semis (52mm, 161.1 g, 12h). Rome mint. Pegasus flying right; Í (mark of value) below / Pegasus flying left; Í (mark of value) below. Crawford 18/2 (Uncertain mint); ICC 34; HN Italy 280; RBW –. Dark green patina, a few scratches, lightly chipped around edge. VF. Rare. ($1000) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

120


Ex Garrett Collection

469. Anonymous. Circa 270 BC. Æ Aes Grave Triens (48mm, 120.9 g, 12h). Rome mint. Head of horse right; •••• (mark of value) below / Head of horse left; •••• (mark of value) below. Crawford 18/3 (Uncertain mint); ICC 35; HN Italy 281; RBW –. Dark green patina with some light earthen highlights/depostts. Good VF. Attractive. ($1000) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex John Work Garrett Collection (Part I, Numismatic Fine Arts/Bank Leu, 16 May 1984), lot 592.

470. Anonymous. Circa 230 BC. Æ Aes Grave Sextans (31.5mm, 53.32 g). Rome mint. Tortoise on a raised disk / Wheel of six spokes on a raised disk. Crawford 24/7; Sydenham 63a; ICC 71; HN Italy 330; RBW 37. Green patina, light roughness. VF. ($500) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

471. Anonymous. Circa 225-214 BC. AR Didrachm – Quadrigatus (20mm, 6.82 g, 12h). Rome mint. Laureate head of Janus; straight truncation / Jupiter, hurling thunderbolt and holding scepter, in galloping quadriga right driven by Victory; rOÂA in relief within a linear frame below. Crawford 28/3; Sydenham 65; RSC 24; RBW 68. Toned. Good VF. ($750)

473

472

472. Anonymous. Circa 225-214 BC. AR Drachm – Half Quadrigatus (16mm, 3.23 g, 6h). Rome mint. Laureate head of Janus / Jupiter, hurling thunderbolt and holding scepter, in quadriga left driven by Victory; rOÂa in relief in exergue. Crawford 28/4; Sydenham 67; RSC 25; RBW 73. Toned, some pitting. VF. Rare denomination. ($500) 473. Anonymous. Circa 225-214 BC. AR Drachm – Half Quadrigatus (16.5mm, 3.05 g, 12h). Rome mint. Laureate head of Janus / Jupiter, hurling thunderbolt and holding scepter, in quadriga left driven by Victory; rOÂa in relief in exergue. Crawford 28/4; Sydenham 67; RSC 25; RBW 73. Toned, die rust and a scrape on the obverse, metal flaws. VF. Rare denomination. ($500) From the TS Collection.

121


474. Anonymous. Circa 225-214 BC. AR Didrachm – Quadrigatus (20mm, 6.51 g, 11h). Uncertain mint. Laureate head of Janus; • below neck / Jupiter, hurling thunderbolt and holding scepter, in galloping quadriga right driven by Victory; rOÂA, partly incuse and partly raised, on tablet below. Crawford 31/1; Sydenham 64c; RSC 23a; cf. RBW 80 (for obv. style–narrow head) and 81 (for pellet below neck). Toned, metal flaws on obverse. Good VF. ($500) From the Andrew McCabe Collection. Ex Freeman & Sear FPL 8 (Fall 2003), no. 270. Pierluigi Debernardi and Steve Brinkman in “A New Arrangement for RRC 53/2”, Revue Numismatique 2018, suggest that the dot symbol is connected with the Cornelii Lentuli. This identification is supported by a fourfold match between coinage and moneyers: (1) Lilybaeum, Sicily 214-212 BC, P. Cornelius Lentulus praetor: quadrigatus (RRC 31 – this coin type); (2) Bovianum 212, Cn. Cornelius Lentulus quaestor: denarius (RRC 44/5) with/without dot; (3) Sardinia 211 BC, L. Cornelius Lentulus praetor: denarius and quinarius with dot (RRC 66); (4) Apulia 210-209 BC, L. Cornelius Lentulus legatus of Marcellus pro-cos: XX gold asses with dot. Mark Passehl suggested this brilliant association to the authors, the dot or pellet being a lentil, in Latin lens or lenticulae, a punning symbol for the Lentuli. This symbol is found not only on the several series mentioned in the above paper, but also on the Sardinian series RRC 66, which comprises not only the quinarius described in RRC, but also a denarius (http://stevebrinkman.ancients.info/anonymous/#H66-2). [Andrew McCabe]

From the McCabe, JD, Banti, and Haeberlin Collections

475. Anonymous. Circa 225-217 BC. Æ Aes Grave Triens (42.5mm, 79.93 g, 12h). Rome mint. Helmeted head of Minerva right on a raised disk / Prow of galley right; •••• (mark of value) below; all on a raised disk. Crawford 35/3b; Sydenham 74 var. (head of Minerva left); ICC 79; Thurlow & Vecchi 53a; HN Italy 339; Haeberlin pl. 22, 14; RBW 87 var. (same). Dark green patina with some light earthen highlights/deposits. Near VF. Extremely rare variety with Minerva’s head facing right and no mark of value on the obverse. ($500) From the Andrew McCabe Collection. Ex JD Collection (Part I, Numismatica Ars Classica 64, 17 May 2012), lot 907; I. Vecchi 17 (15 December 1999), lot 618; Alberto Banti Collection (Peus 322, 1 November 1988), lot 36; Münzen und Medaillen AG 47 (30 November 1972), lot 18. Exceedingly rare, this Minerva head right RRC 35/3b triens is the only known example to be sold at auction. Haeberlin knew of only three examples of this type, see text volume, p. 57, and he illustrated just one. One is in Vienna (Plate 22, no. 14), one in Berlin, and a third was in Haeberlin’s own collection, which he weighed at 79.57 grams. Given the weight match with this coin, this is very likely to be Haeberlin’s own example. Haeberlin lists 392 examples of the head left RRC 35/3a and probably a thousand could be listed today, but for this RRC 35/3b type the count still remains at 3: Vienna, Berlin, and this coin. In addition to the obverse head facing right rather than left, all examples of RRC 35/3b also differ from RRC 35/3a in lacking a value mark on the obverse. This second design difference proves the head right type is not a casual or accidental variety but a different issue. I believe Haeberlin was right to associate this rarity with RRC 36 rather than RRC 35. A head right/prow right quadrans was also known in a single example (also on page 57) in the Kiev museum. That coin was apparently destroyed in the battle of Kiev in September 1941, leaving zero known examples (this latter information was written in old handwriting in my copy of Haeberlin). [Andrew McCabe]

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476. Anonymous. Circa 215-212 BC. Æ Triens (31.5mm, 26.43 g, 6h). Rome mint. Helmeted head of Minerva right; •••• (mark of value) above / Prow of galley right; •••• (mark of value) below. Crawford 41/7b; Sydenham 105; cf. RBW 126 (for type); McCabe Group A1. Dark green patina with traces of red. VF. ($500) From the Andrew McCabe Collection. Ex RBW Collection Duplicate; Numismatica Ars Classica 8 (3 April 1995), lot 648; Aes Rude 14 (2 March 1990), lot 89 (est. CHF 1000); Titano 10 (19 June 1982), lot 113 (est. £It. 750,000). McCabe (in Essays Russo) Group A1, this being the part of RRC 41 that likely just preceded the earliest denarius issue. It is distinguished from the Group A2 issue by having a triangular area at lower keel level (often with waves within) rather than three converging lines. Group A1 flans are also noticeably larger, thicker, and heavier than those of RRC 41 Group A2, which latter issue likely coincided with the first denarius coinage. [Andrew McCabe]

477 478 477. Anonymous. 211-210 BC. AR Quinarius (16.5mm, 2.15 g, 11h). Mint in southeast Italy. Helmeted head of Roma right; u behind / The Dioscuri, each holding spear, on horseback right; h below. Crawford 85/1a; Sydenham 174; King 16; RSC 33b; cf. RBW 347 (for type). Attractive old cabinet toning. Good VF. ($300) From the Andrew McCabe Collection. Ex Elvira E. Clain-Stefanelli Collection (Numismatica Ars Classica 92, Part I, 23 May 2016), lot 266.

478. Anonymous. After 211 BC. Æ Semuncia (13mm, 2.61 g, 6h). Rome(?) mint. Draped bust of Mercury right, wearing winged petasus / Prow of galley right. Crawford 56/8; Sydenham 143f; cf. RBW 216 (for type); McCabe Group G1.Su.2 (this coin illustrated on p. 262). Dark green patina with touches of red. VF. Attractive. ($200) From the Andrew McCabe Collection. Ex Titano 46 (21 September 1991), lot 94 (est. £It. 200,000). This remarkably small coin, McCabe (Essays Russo) Group G1 (this coin illustrated on p. 262 = G1.Su.2) shows that the Romans consciously made a small module semuncia (10mm die circle diameter) to match the style and size of the reduced weight bronze coinage (below sextantal), which they issued shortly after the denarius introduction in 212-211 BC. As always with Roman struck bronzes, the die-circle module matters more than weight; thin lightweight but larger module semuncia in the style of RRC 41 are relatively abundant, but this rarity is the only true RRC 56/8 type. [Andrew McCabe]

479. Anonymous. 209-208 BC. AR Serrate Denarius (18.5mm, 4.52 g, 8h). Six-spoked wheel series. Mint in Sicily. Helmeted head of Roma right; x (mark of value) behind / The Dioscuri, each holding spear, on horseback right; below horses, wheel of six spokes. Crawford 79/1; Sydenham 519; RSC 20kk; RBW 327. Attractive iridescent cabinet toning, minor deposits beneath toning. Choice EF. ($1000) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Continental Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 91, 19 September 2012), lot 810 (hammer $1800).

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480 481 480. Anonymous. 206-195 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.84 g, 5h). Butting bull series. Rome mint. Helmeted head of Roma right; x (mark of value) behind / The Dioscuri, each holding spear, on horseback right; below horses, bull butting left. Crawford 116/1a; Sydenham 281; RSC 20e; cf. RBW 529 (for type). Toned, flan split and crack, tiny scrape above Roma’s eye. Good VF. Rare variety with bull butting left. ($300) From the Andrew McCabe Collection. Ex RBW Collection Duplicate; purchased by him from BCD, December 1986.

481. Anonymous. 206-200 BC. AR Denarius (20mm, 3.57 g, 1h). Uncertain mint. Helmeted head of Roma right; x (mark of value) behind / The Dioscuri, each holding spear, on horseback right; below horses, pentagram. Crawford 129/1; Sydenham 205; RSC 20w; cf. RBW 580 (for type). Lightly toned, small scratch on reverse, obverse struck off center. VF. ($200) From the Andrew McCabe Collection. Ex RBW Collection Duplicate; Titano 10 (Seond series, 24 February 2002), lot 97 (hammer €310); Titano 36 (26 November 1988), lot 71 (est. £It. 250,000).

482 483 482. Anonymous. 199-170 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 4.09 g, 3h). D series. Uncertain mint. Helmeted head of Roma right; x (mark of value) behind / The Dioscuri, each holding spear, on horseback right; below horses, ‰. Crawford 171/1; Sydenham 285; RSC 32b; cf. RBW 728 (for type). Toned, a few light scratches and marks. Good VF. Very rare. ($500) From the Andrew McCabe Collection. Ex Gemini VIII (14 April 2011), lot 148.

483. Anonymous. 179-170 BC. Æ Triens (22mm, 9.82 g, 2h). Dolphin (third) series. Rome mint. Helmeted head of Minerva right; •••• (mark of value) above / Prow of galley right; dolphin above, •••• (mark of value) to right. Crawford 160/3; Sydenham –; cf. RBW 701 (for type). Dark green patina with some light earthen highlights. Near VF. Very rare. ($200) From the Andrew McCabe Collection. Ex RBW Collection Duplicate; Goodman Collection (Triton I, 2 December 1997), lot 998 (with Goodman’s ticket, acquired from a Spanish collection, 1986).

485 484 484. C. Maianius. 153 BC. AR Denarius (19.5mm, 3.80 g, 8h). Rome mint. Helmeted head of Roma right; x (mark of value) behind / Victory, holding reins and whip, driving biga right. Crawford 203/1a; Sydenham 427; Maiania 1; cf. RBW 870 (for type). Light iridescent toning, minor deposits. EF. Well centered and attractive in hand. ($200) From the Andrew McCabe Collection. Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 100, Part II (30 May 2017), lot 1380 (with old collection ticket dated 2/89).

485. Pinarius Natta. 149 BC. AR Denarius (17mm, 3.74 g, 4h). Rome mint. Helmeted head of Roma right; x (mark of value) behind / Victory, holding reins and whip, driving biga right. Crawford 208/1; Sydenham 390; Pinaria 1; RBW 891. Lustrous with a hint of toning. EF. ($300)

486. Anonymous. 143 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 4.11 g, 12h). Rome mint. Helmeted head of Roma right; x (mark of value) behind / Diana, holding torch, driving biga of stags right; crescent below. Crawford 222/1; Sydenham 438; RSC 101; cf. RBW 946 (for type). Light iridescent toning, some deposits. Near EF. Scarce. ($200) From the Andrew McCabe Collection, purchased from Moruzzi website, 2018 (with ticket marked ex Donati collection).

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487. L. Atilius Nomentanus. 141 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.78 g, 12h). Rome mint. Helmeted head of Roma right; xui behind / Victory, holding reins and whip, driving biga right; L • ëiLi below horses, NOÂ in exergue. Crawford 225/1 (same dies as Crawford pl. XXXV, no. 6, the Paris A4945 example); Sydenham 444; Atilia 16; cf. RBW 950 (for type). Light iridescent toning, flan flaw on reverse. VF. Very rare. ($750) From the Andrew McCabe Collection. Ex RBW Collection Duplicate; Schweizerischer Bankverein 25 (19 September 1990), lot 294 (CHF 320). A classic rarity, NOM in the exergue reflecting the moneyer’s cognomen, Lucius Atilius Nomentanus. Crawford RRC p. 261 writes that “the astonishing substitution of NOM for ROMA remains unexplained”. A reasonable explanation would lie in the Roman tradition of punning names often seen on the coinage, this being a rhyming rather than punning quip intended to briefly draw attention to the coin and thus make the moneyer’s name stay in a voter’s mind. Crawford notes that Nomentanus followed a later political career on the staff of Quintus Mucius Scaevola. [Andrew McCabe]

488. C. Valerius C.f. Flaccus. 140 BC. AR Denarius (20mm, 3.94 g, 1h). Rome mint. Helmeted head of Roma right; x (mark of value) behind / Victory, holding reins and whip, driving biga right. Crawford 228/2; Sydenham 440, 454; Valeria 7; RBW 957. Deep cabinet toning with some iridescence. Choice EF. ($500)

Oath-Taking Scene

489. Ti. Veturius. 137 BC. AR Denarius (18.5mm, 3.96 g, 12h). Rome mint. Helmeted and draped bust of Mars right; Ti • & downward to left, x (mark of value) to left between end of crest and back of neck / Oath-taking scene: youth kneeling left, head right, between two soldiers, each of whom holds a spear and sword that touches a pig held by the youth. Crawford 234/1; Sydenham 527; Veturia 1; RBW 969; FFC 1186 (this coin). Lightly toned. Choice EF. ($500) Ex Alba Longa (Jose Fernandez Molina) Collection; Sotheby’s Zurich (27 October 1993), lot 1118.

490. M. Baebius Q.f. Tampilus. 137 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.97 g, 11h). Rome mint. Helmeted head of Roma left; x (mark of value) below chin / Apollo, holding bow and arrow, driving quadriga right. Crawford 236/1a; Sydenham 489; Baebia 12; cf. RBW 975 (for type). Light iridescent toning, obverse die break. EF. ($300) From the Andrew McCabe Collection. Ex JD Collection (Part III, Numismatica Ars Classica 78, 26 May 2014), lot 413; Schweizerischer Bankverein Zürich FPL (Spring 1978), no. 61 (CHF 280).

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491. Cn. Lucretius Trio. 136 BC. AR Denarius (19.5mm, 3.98 g, 6h). Rome mint. Helmeted head of Roma right; x (mark of value) below chin, TriO behind / The Dioscuri, each holding spear, on horseback right. Crawford 237/1a; Sydenham 450; Lucretia 1; cf. RBW 978 (for type). Light iridescent toning, small metal flaws. EF. Well centered and attractive in hand. ($300) From the Andrew McCabe Collection. Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 78 (26 May 2014), lot 579; Numismatica Ars Classica 40 (16 May 2007), lot 426 (realized CHF 280).

492 493 492. L. Trebanius. 135 BC. Æ Triens (18.5mm, 6.07 g, 3h). Rome mint. Helmeted head of Minerva right; [•••• (mark of value) above] / Prow of galley right; [L •] 7eBéi above, •••• (mark of value) to right. Crawford 241/3; Sydenham 457a; cf. RBW 996 (for type). Dark green and brown patina with traces of red. VF. Rare and attractive for issue. ($300) From the Andrew McCabe Collection. Ex Numismatica Ars Classica P (12 May 2005), lot 1696; Numismatica Ars Classica 11 (29 April 1998), lot 185.

493. M. Marcius Mn.f. 134 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.92 g, 12h). Rome mint. Helmeted head of Roma right; modius to left, mark of value below chin / Victory driving galloping biga right, holding whip and reins; two stalks of grain below. Crawford 245/1; Sydenham 500; Marcia 8; RBW 1009. Lustrous, tiny metal flaws. EF. ($400)

494. L. Minucius. 133 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.95 g, 5h). Rome mint. Helmeted head of Roma right; mark of value to left / Jupiter, hurling thunderbolt and holding scepter and reins, driving galloping quadriga right. Crawford 248/1; Sydenham 470; Minucia 15; RBW 1020. Iridescent cabinet toning. EF. Attractive. ($300) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 105 (10 May 2017), lot 671.

495. P. Maenius Antiaticus M.f. 132 BC. AR Denarius (18.5mm, 3.94 g, 6h). Rome mint. Helmeted head of Roma right; • (mark of value) to left / Victory driving quadriga right, holding goad, reins, and wreath; p • »M below horses. Crawford 249/1; Sydenham 492; Maenia 7; RBW 1023. Deep cabinet toning, a bit of obverse die rust and porosity. EF. Attractive. ($300) 126


496

497

496. Q. Caecilius Metellus. 130 BC. Æ Semis (21.5mm, 8.86 g, 1h). Rome mint(?). Laureate head of Saturn right; Í (mark of value) behind / Prow of galley right; Í (mark of value) before. Crawford 256/2a; Sydenham 510; cf. RBW 1043 (for type). Dark brown surfaces, some minor pitting. VF. ($150) From the Andrew McCabe Collection. Ex Roberto Russo Collection, with his ticket dated 2007.

497. M. Vargunteius. 130 BC. AR Denarius (21mm, 3.97 g, 4h). Rome mint. Helmeted head of Roma right; Â • )g to left, mark of value below chin / Jupiter driving triumphal quadriga right, holding palm frond and thunderbolt. Crawford 257/1; Sydenham 507; Vargunteia 1; RBW 1048; FFC 1183 (this coin). lightly toned, slightly flat strike on reverse. EF. ($300) Ex Alba Longa (Jose Fernandez Molina) Collection.

498 499 498. Cn. Domitius Calvinus. 128 BC. Æ Quadrans (19.5mm, 4.16 g, 10h). Rome mint. Head of Hercules right, wearing lion-skin headdress; ••• (mark of value) behind / Prow of galley right; ••• (mark of value) to right. Crawford 261/4; Sydenham 515c; cf. RBW 1059 (for type). Dark brown and green surfaces. Good VF. Rare. ($200) From the Andrew McCabe Collection. Ex Artemide Aste XXXVI (11 July 2012), lot 117.

499. Q. Fabius Labeo. 124 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.46 g, 12h). Rome mint. Helmeted head of Roma right; x (mark of value) below chin / Jupiter driving galloping quadriga right, hurling thunderbolt, holding reins and scepter; prow below. Crawford 273/1; Sydenham 532; Fabia 1; RBW 1094. Toned. Near EF. ($300) Ex Classical Numismatic Group XXXII (7 December 1994), lot 301.

500 501 500. M. Furius L.f. Philus. 120 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.90 g, 9h). Rome mint. Laureate head of bearded Janus / Roma standing left, holding wreath and scepter; to left, trophy of Gallic arms flanked by a carnyx and shield on each side; [star above]. Crawford 281/1; Sydenham 529; Furia 18; RBW 1105. Lustrous with a hint of toning. Near EF. ($300) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

501. C. Fonteius. 114-113 BC. AR Denarius (20mm, 3.58 g, 3h). Rome mint. Laureate, janiform head of Fons (or Fontus); Í to left, mark of value to right, seven pellets below / Galley left with three rowers, gubernator at stern. Crawford 290/1; Sydenham 555; Fonteia 1; RBW 1120 var. (obv. control letter and pellets). Lightly toned, minor flan flaws. EF. ($400)

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502 503 502. T. Didius. 113-112 BC. AR Denarius (19.5mm, 3.80 g, 9h). Rome mint. Helmeted head of Roma right; ” to left, • (mark of value) below / Two gladiators fighting, each holding shield in left hand, one on left attacks with flail in right hand, the other on right attacks with staff or sword in right hand; T • DeiDi in exergue. Crawford 294/1; Sydenham 550; Didia 2; RBW 1134. Toned. Good VF. ($500) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Collection of a Director (Classical Numismatic Group 105, 10 May 2017), lot 674.

503. Mn. Fonteius. 108-107 BC. AR Denarius (18.5mm, 3.94 g, 1h). Rome mint. Jugate, laureate heads of the Dioscuri right; ≤ (mark of value) to lower right / Galley right with gubernator at stern; i (or l) below. Crawford 307/1b; Sydenham 566; Fonteia 7; RBW –. Lightly toned, some minor obverse die rust. Good VF. ($300) Ex Simon Shipp Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 320, 12 February 2014), lot 335.

504. M. Herennius. 108-107 BC. AR Denarius (21mm, 4.01 g, 1h). Rome mint. Diademed head of Pietas right; •Â below chin / Amphinomus carrying his father right. Crawford 308/1a; Sydenham 567; Herennia 1; RBW –. Attractive iridescent toning, a few light scratches beneath the toning, minor die rust in the devices. EF. ($500) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

505. L. Scipio Asiagenus. 106 BC. AR Serrate Denarius (18.5mm, 4.04 g, 4h). Rome mint. Laureate head of Jupiter left; •/B below chin / Jupiter driving galloping quadriga right, holding reins and scepter and preparing to hurl thunderbolt. Crawford 311/1b; Sydenham 576a; Cornelia 24c; RBW –. Deep iridescent cabinet toning. Superb EF. Attractive. ($500) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

506. L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi. 90 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 4.05 g, 9h). Rome mint. Laureate head of Apollo right; • (mark of value) below chin, fibula(?) behind / Horseman galloping left, holding palm frond; knife above, L • piÍO • Frug/rOÂA below. Crawford 340/1; Sydenham 655 var. (FRVGI); Calpurnia 8; cf. RBW 1249 (for type). Lightly toned, faint hairline scratches. EF. ($300) From the Andrew McCabe Collection. Ex Student and His Mentor Collection (Part II, Numismatica Ars Classica 73, 18 November 2013), lot 96; Athena Fund (Part II, Sotheby’s Zurich, 27 October 1993), lot 1131 (part of). Sydenham 655 variety (Frug for Frugi); Calpurnia 8. The Crawford 340 varieties with long name and rOÂA below are invariably of fine style and on large flans that match those of the extremely rare head left varieties and thus are likely the very start of this vast issue. Charles Hersh in his symbols manuscript at the ANS identifies the obverse symbol as a fibula(?), and the reverse symbol as a knife. [Andrew McCabe]

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507. Q. Titius. 90 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.90 g, 12h). Rome mint. Bearded head of Mutinus Titinus right, wearing winged diadem, lock of hair falling down neck / Pegasus springing right on tablet inscribed q • TiTi. Crawford 341/1; Sydenham 691; Titia 1; RBW 1274. Attractive light gray toning, hairline flan crack. EF. Exceptional Pegasus. ($500) Ex Alba Longa (Jose Fernandez Molina) Collection.

508

509

508. Q. Titius. 90 BC. AR Quinarius (14.5mm, 2.19 g, 9h). Rome mint. Draped and winged bust of Victory right / Pegasus springing right; q • TiTi below. Crawford 341/3; King 44; Sydenham 693; Titia 3; cf. RBW 1276 (for type). Lightly toned with underlying luster, weakly struck on high points, obverse die break on Victory’s neck. EF. ($500) From the Andrew McCabe Collection. Ex Ponterio 152 (8 January 2010), lot 5924.

509. C. Vibius C.f. Pansa. 90 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 4.04 g, 7h). Rome mint. Minerva, holding spear and trophy, driving quadriga left / Minerva, holding trophy and spear, driving quadriga right. Crawford 342/6a; Sydenham 687; Vibia 5; RBW 1290. Toned with peripheral striking weakness. VF. ($300) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Karl Sifferman Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 171, 22 August 2007), lot 143.

510. M. Cato. 89 BC. AR Denarius (20mm, 3.98 g, 6h). Rome mint. Diademed and draped female bust right / Victory seated right, holding palm frond and patera. Crawford 343/1b; Sydenham 596; Porcia 5; RBW 1297 var. (ST below seat). Lightly toned, traces of underlying luster, reverse struck with slightly rusty die. EF. ($750) Ex Goldman Roman Imperatorial Collection (Triton XVI, 8 January 2013), lot 764; Tkalec AG (8 September 2008), lot 173 (hammer CHF 2000).

511. M. Cato. 89 BC. AR Quinarius (15mm, 2.18 g, 12h). Rome mint. Head of Liber right, wearing ivy wreath; L below / Victory Victrix seated right, holding palm frond and patera. Crawford 343/2b; King 46; Sydenham 597; Porcia 7a; cf. RBW 1298 (for type). Lightly toned with underlying luster, obverse die breaks and struck off center. EF. ($300) From the Andrew McCabe Collection. Ex Ponterio 152 (8 January 2010), lot 5925.

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512 513 512. Cn. Lentulus Clodianus. 88 BC. AR Denarius (16.5mm, 3.58 g, 6h). Rome mint. Helmeted bust of Mars right, seen from behind / Victory driving galloping biga right, holding wreath and reins. Crawford 345/1; Sydenham 702; Cornelia 50; RBW 1312. Lightly toned, a few minor scratches, once lacquered, which is now wearing off in spots. Good VF. ($300) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

513. Cn. Lentulus Clodianus. 88 BC. AR Quinarius (13.5mm, 1.79 g, 10h). Rome mint. Laureate head of Jupiter right / Victory standing right, crowning trophy. Crawford 345/2; King 47; Sydenham 703; Cornelia 51; cf. RBW 1313 (for type). Lightly toned, minor deposit on the reverse. Near EF. ($200) From the Andrew McCabe Collection. Ex Brunacci Collection (Santamaria, 24 February 1958), lot 227 (unillustrated but with ticket).

514. L. Sulla. 84-83 BC. AR Denarius (18.5mm, 3.81 g, 12h). Military mint moving with Sulla. Diademed head of Venus right; to right, Cupid standing left, holding palm frond / Capis and lituus between two trophies. Crawford 359/2; Sydenham 761a; Cornelia 30; RBW 1364; FFC 630 (this coin). Attractive iridescent toning. EF. ($500) Ex Alba Longa (Jose Fernandez Molina) Collection.

515. Pub. Crepusius. 82 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.74 g, 2h). Rome mint. Laureate head of Apollo right, scepter over shoulder; uncertain control letter to left, branch below chin / Horseman galloping right, hurling spear; CCCxxuii to left. Crawford 361/1c; Sydenham 738a; Crepusia 1; cf. RBW 1368-9 for type. Light golden iridescent toning, a few light marks. EF. ($500)

516. C. Mamilius Limetanus. 82 BC. AR Serrate Denarius (19mm, 3.88 g, 8h). Rome mint. Draped bust of Mercury right, wearing winged petasus; to left, Â above caduceus / Ulysses walking right, holding staff and extending hand toward his dog, Argus. Crawford 362/1; Sydenham 741; Mamilia 6; RBW 1370 var. (obv. control letter). Toned, minor porosity, some faint scratches from smoothing. Good VF. ($300) Ex Harry Strickhausen Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 73, 13 September 2006), lot 784.

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517 518 517. A. Postumius A.f. Sp.n. Albinus. 81 BC. AR Serrate Denarius (18.5mm, 3.97 g, 8h). Rome mint. Veiled head of Hispania right / Togate figure standing left, raising hand, between aquila and fasces. Crawford 372/2; Sydenham 746; Postumia 8; RBW 1393. Toned with underlying luster. Superb EF. ($500) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

518. Q. Caecilius Metellus Pius. 81 BC. AR Denarius (17mm, 3.91 g, 8h). North Italian mint. Diademed head of Pietas right; before, stork right / Elephant walking left. Crawford 374/1; Sydenham 750; Caecilia 43; RBW 1396. Toned. Good VF. ($300)

520 519 519. Q. Caecilius Metellus Pius. 81 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.87 g, 3h). North Italian mint. Diademed head of Pietas right; before, stork right / Capis and lituus within laurel wreath. Crawford 374/2; Sydenham 751; Caecilia 44; RBW 1397. Deeply toned. Good VF. Attractive. ($300) Ex Cederlind BBS 172 (18 December 2013), lot 196; Cederlind BBS 169 (20 May 2013), lot 210.

520. C. Naevius Balbus. 79 BC. AR Serrate Denarius (18mm, 3.91 g, 6h). Rome mint. Diademed head of Venus right; N below chin / Victory driving triga right. Crawford 382/1a; Sydenham 769; Naevia 6b; RBW 1409 var. (obv. control letter). Toned, some light cleaning scratches beneath toning. Near EF. Well struck. ($300) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Deyo Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 90, 23 May 2012), lot 1338; Coin Galleries (16 April 2002), lot 370; Classical Numismatic Auctions IX (7 December 1989), lot 297.

521

522

521. C. Naevius Balbus. 79 BC. AR Serrate Denarius (17.5mm, 3.89 g, 6h). Rome mint. Diademed head of Venus right / Victory driving galloping triga right, holding reins; uiii above. Crawford 382/1b; Sydenham 769b; Naevia 6; RBW 1410 var. (rev. control number). Light iridescent toning over lustrous surfaces. EF. Well struck and centered. ($500) 522. P. Satrienus. 77 BC. AR Denarius (17mm, 3.75 g, 7h). Rome mint. Helmeted head of young Mars right; xxui to left / She-wolf standing left with paw raised. Crawford 388/1b; Sydenham 781a; Satriena 1; RBW 1422 var. (numeral on obv.). Deep cabinet toning, old scratch on reverse, small edge cut. Good VF. ($400) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex CNG Inventory 926891 (June 2012); Mayflower (Sukenik) Collection (Heritage 3019, 25 April 2012), lot 26009.

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523 524 523. L. Lucretius Trio. 74 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.95 g, 3h). Rome mint. Laureate head of Neptune right; u above trident to left / Winged Genius riding dolphin right. Crawford 390/2; Sydenham 784; Lucretia 3; RBW 1425. Toned with some golden iridescence. Good VF. Attractive in hand. ($300) Ex Elsen 89 (9 September 2006), lot 921.

524. Q. Fufius Calenus and Mucius Cordus. 68 BC. AR Serrate Denarius (20.5mm, 3.89 g, 6h). Rome mint. Jugate heads right of Honos, laureate, and Virtus, wearing crested helmet / Italia standing right, holding cornucopia and clasping hands with Roma standing left, with right foot on globe, holding scepter; winged caduceus to left. Crawford 403/1; Sydenham 797; Fufia 1; RBW 1445. Attractive iridescent toning, a few marks and scratches. EF. ($500)

525. Mn. Aquillius Mn.f. Mn.n. 65 BC. AR Serrate Denarius (19.5mm, 3.74 g, 6h). Rome mint. Helmeted and draped bust of Virtus right / Mn. Aquillius standing right, holding shield and raising up kneeling figure of Sicily. Crawford 401/1; Sydenham 798; Aquillia 2; RBW 1443. Toned with some iridescence. EF. ($300) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Davissons 38 (27 February 2019), lot 68; Davissons 21 (10 June 2004), lot 62.

526 527 526. C. Hosidius C.f. Geta. 64 BC. AR Denarius (18.5mm, 3.79 g, 6h). Rome mint. Diademed and draped bust of Diana right, with bow and quiver over shoulder / Calydonian Boar standing right, pierced by spear and harried by hound below. Crawford 407/2; Sydenham 903; Hosidia 1; RBW 1456. Attractive cabinet toning with iridescence, some die rust. Good VF. ($200) 527. M. Aemilius Lepidus. 58 BC. AR Denarius (16mm, 3.90 g, 5h). Rome mint. Laureate and diademed female head (Roma?) right; wreath with fillet to left, simpulum to right / Equestrian statue of Marcus Aemilius Lepidus right, carrying trophy over shoulder. Crawford 419/1d; Sydenham 828; Aemilia 20; RBW 1508. Deeply toned. In NGC encapsulation, 4529605-004, graded Ch XF. Strike: 4/5; Surface: 5/5. ($500) Ex Student and His Mentor Collection (Part III, Numismatica Ars Classica 83, 20 May 2015), lot 371; Dr. E. P. Nicolas Collection (Leu 17, 3 May 1977), lot 582.

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Ex Huntington Collection

528. M. Aemilius Lepidus. 58 BC. AR Denarius (17mm, 3.96 g, 6h). Rome mint. Laureate and diademed female head (Roma?) right; wreath with fillet to left, simpulum to right / Equestrian statue of Marcus Aemilius Lepidus right, carrying trophy over shoulder. Crawford 419/1d; Sydenham 828; Aemilia 20; cf. RBW 1508 (for type). Attractive, deep cabinet toning. Good VF. Well centered. ($500) From the Andrew McCabe Collection. Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.10566 (Triton XVII, 7 January 2014), lot 536.

529. M. Nonius Sufenas. 57 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 4.00 g, 6h). Rome mint. Head of Saturn right; to left, harpa above baetyl / Roma seated left on pile of arms, holding spear and sword, being crowned by Victory standing left, holding wreath and palm frond. Crawford 421/1; Sydenham 885; Nonia 1; RBW 1517. Toned, reverse struck slightly off center, a couple marks in the fields. Near EF. ($300) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

530. L. Marcius Philippus. 57 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.83 g, 12h). Rome mint. Diademed head of Ancus Marcius right; lituus to left / Equestrian statue rearing right on aqueduct; flower below horse. Crawford 425/1; Sydenham 919; Marcia 28; RBW 1524. Light iridescent toning over lustrous surfaces. Choice EF. Well struck. ($500)

Clio — Muse of History

531. Q. Pomponius Musa. 56 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.81 g, 2h). Rome mint. Laureate head of Apollo right; volumen to left / Clio, the Muse of History, wearing long flowing tunic and peplum, standing left, holding and reading from an open scroll, resting left elbow on draped column; q • pOÂpON[i] downward to right, Â’uÍA downward to left. Crawford 410/3; Sydenham 813; Pomponia 11; RBW 1485. Lightly toned, slightly off center, a few light scratches. Good VF. Wonderful reverse! ($1000) Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 100 (29 May 2017), lot 306. Clio, the Muse of History, is depicted in most representations holding and reading aloud from a scroll. She is one of nine Muses, all daughters of Zeus/Jupiter by the Titaness Mnemosyne. In her role as the proclaimer and glorifier of great deeds, she has become the symbol and namesake of many modern organizations, companies, and brands, including the Clio Awards for excellence in advertising.

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The End of the Jugurthine War

532. Faustus Cornelius Sulla. 56 BC. AR Denarius (18.5mm, 3.97 g, 8h). Rome mint. Draped bust of Diana right, wearing diadem with crescent; lituus to left / Sulla seated left on raised seat; before him, Bocchus, king of Mauretania, kneels, offering an olive branch; behind, Jugurtha, king of Numidia, also kneeling, his hands tied behind him. Crawford 426/1; Sydenham 879; Cornelia 59; RBW 1525. Toned. In NGC encapsulation, 4935021-004, graded Ch AU. Strike: 5/5; Surface: 4/5. ($2000) Faustus was the son of Lucius Cornelius Sulla, the famous general and dictator of Rome (138-78 BC). The coin portrays Sulla’s first great victory, in which he ended the Jugurthine War. Jugurtha, grandson of Massinissa of Numidia, had claimed the entire kingdom of Numidia and divided it between several members of the royal family, in defiance of Roman decrees. Rome declared war on Jugurtha in 111 BC, but for five years the wily king frustrated all efforts to bring him to heel. Finally, in 106 the popular general Marius was assigned command, with Sulla as quaestor in charge of cavalry. Before Marius could take to the field against the enemy, however, Sulla arranged with his ally Bocchus of Mauretania to have Jugurtha ambushed and captured. Sulla was acclaimed for the bloodless end of the war, gaining his first victory and the eternal enmity of Marius.

533. Q. Cassius Longinus. 55 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.84 g, 10h). Rome mint. Young male head of Bonus Eventus (or Genius Populi Romani?) right; scepter to left / Eagle with wings spread standing right on winged thunderbolt; lituus to left, capis to right. Crawford 428/3; Sydenham 916; Cassia 7; RBW 1535. Light toning, a touch of porosity, minor deposits in the devices. EF. ($750) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Dr. Patrick H. C. Tan Collection (Triton XX, 9 January 2017), lot 535; Classical Numismatic Review XL.1 (Spring 2015), no. 998509; Gemini XII (11 January 2015), lot 305.

534 535 534. A. Plautius. 55 BC. AR Denarius (18.5mm, 3.97 g, 2h). Rome mint. Turreted head of Cybele right / Bacchius Judaeus (Aristobulus II, High Priest and King of Judaea) kneeling right, holding reins and offering up olive branch; behind, camel standing right. Crawford 431/1; Sydenham 932; Plautia 13; RBW 1540. Toned, reverse slightly off center. Good VF. ($300) 535. Cn. Plancius. 55 BC. AR Denarius (17mm, 3.91 g, 3h). Rome mint. Female head (Diana Planciana or Macedonia?) right, wearing causia / Cretan goat standing right; bow and quiver to left. Crawford 432/1; Sydenham 933; Plancia 1; cf. RBW 1541 (for type). Deeply toned with some iridescence, reverse struck slightly off center. Near EF. ($300) From the Andrew McCabe Collection. Ex Aureo & Calicó 258 (20 March 2014), lot 1095; Argenor-Yves Cellard (24 April 1998), lot 63 (est. FF 1200).

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Attractive Portrait of Sulla

536. Q. Pompeius Rufus. 54 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.91 g, 10h). Rome mint. Bare head of the consul Q. Pompeius Rufus right; œ • RO • ruFi downward to right / Bare head of Sulla right; ÍuLLA • COÍ downward to right. Crawford 434/1; Sydenham 908; Pompeia 4; RBW 1544. Old cabinet toning, a few light scratches beneath toning. EF. A wonderful portrait of Sulla. ($2000) Ex Lanz 125 (28 November 2005), lot 611; Leu 59 (17 May 1994), lot 209; Sternberg VII (24 November 1977), lot 431. The moneyer chose to depict both his maternal grandfather, the dictator Sulla, and his paternal grandfather, Quintus Pompeius Rufus, consuls in 88 BC. Pompeius was an ardent supporter of the dictator, and their alliance was further cemented by the marriage of Pompeius’ son to Sulla eldest daughter, Cornelia Sulla. The marriage produced two children, the moneyer responsible for this denarius and Pompeia, second wife of Julius Caesar (whom Caesar famously divorced following the scandal associated with the festival of Bona Dea in 62 BC).

537. P. Cornelius Lentulus Marcellinus. 50 BC. AR Denarius (18.5mm, 3.85 g, 4h). Rome mint. Bare head of M. Claudius Marcellus right; triskeles to left / M. Claudius Marcellus advancing right, carrying trophy into tetrastyle temple. Crawford 439/1; Sydenham 1147; Claudia 11; cf. RBW 1554 (for type). Toned, light porosity. VF. Well centered. ( $500) From the Andrew McCabe Collection. Ex Gorny & Mosch 236 (7 March 2016), lot 372; Münzen und Medaillen GmbH 2 (27 March 1998), lot 470; Münzen und Medaillen AG FPL 419 (February 1980), lot 22; Münzen und Medaillen AG FPL 397 (February 1978), lot 32 (CHF 2200); Nascia Kunst und Münzen 17 (20 June 1977), lot 210 (est. CHF 850).

538. Moneyer issues of Imperatorial Rome. L. Hostilius Saserna. 48 BC. AR Denarius (17.5mm, 3.65 g, 12h). Rome mint. Head of Gallic captive (Vercingetorix?) right, wearing hair flowing back and long, pointed beard, and a chain around his neck; Gallic shield to left / Two warriors in galloping biga right: one driving, holding whip in right hand and reins in left, and the other, facing backward, holding shield in left hand and brandishing spear in right. Crawford 448/2a; CRI 18; Sydenham 952; Hostilia 2; RBW 1569. Toned, banker’s mark on obverse, reverse slightly off center. Good VF. ($2000) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

539. Moneyer issues of Imperatorial Rome. T. Carisius. 46 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.66 g, 4h). Rome mint. Head of Juno Moneta right / Implements for coining money: anvil die with garlanded punch die above, tongs and hammer on either side; all within laurel wreath. Crawford 464/2; CRI 70; Sydenham 982a; Carisia 1a; RBW 1614. Toned, flatly struck in areas, banker’s mark on obverse, faint hairline scratches. Good VF. ($300) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

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540 541 540. Moneyer issues of Imperatorial Rome. Lollius Palicanus. 45 BC. AR Denarius (19.5mm, 3.93 g, 11h). Rome mint. Laureate head of Honos right; hONOriÍ downward behind / Curule chair, garlanded and wreath on top, between two stalks of grain; pALikANuÍ above. Crawford 473/2d; CRI 87; Sydenham 961; Lollia 1; cf. RBW 1653 (for type). Toned, old scrape and banker’s mark on obverse. Good VF. ($200) From the Andrew McCabe Collection. Ex Student and His Mentor Collection (Part III, Numismatica Ars Classica 83, 20 May 2015), lot 440; Numismatic Fine Arts VI (27 February 1979), lot 538 (hammer $425).

541. Moneyer issues of Imperatorial Rome. L. Servius Rufus. 43 BC. AR Denarius (18.5mm, 3.49 g, 8h). Rome mint. Bare head (of Brutus?) right / The Dioscuri standing facing, each holding spear and with sword hanging from waist. Crawford 515/2; CRI 324; Sydenham 1082; Sulpicia 10; RBW 1793. Lightly toned, some light porosity, bankers’ marks. Good Fine. Very rare. ($1000) Ex Gorny & Mosch 225 (14 October 2014), lot 2011.

542. Moneyer issues of Imperatorial Rome. L. Mussidius Longus. 42 BC. AR Denarius (19.5mm, 4.08 g, 3h). Rome mint. Diademed and veiled head of Concordia right; crescent below chin / Shrine of Venus Cloacina: Circular platform surmounted by two statues of the goddess, each resting right hand on cippus, the platform inscribed CLOACiN and ornamented with trellis-pattern balustrade, flight of steps and portico on left. Crawford 494/42c; CRI 188b; Sydenham 1093b; Mussidia 6a; cf. RBW 1746 (for type). Attractive iridescent toning, a couple light scratches. Near EF. ($500) From the Andrew McCabe Collection. Ex Alfred Franklin Collection (Baldwin’s 99, 4 May 2016), lot 260 (hammer £360).

543. Moneyer issues of Imperatorial Rome. L. Mussidius Longus. 42 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.98 g, 10h). Rome mint. Radiate and draped bust of Sol facing slightly right / Shrine of Venus Cloacina: Circular platform surmounted by two statues of the goddess, each resting right hand on cippus, the platform inscribed CLO[ACiN] and ornamented with trellis-pattern balustrade, flight of steps and portico on left. Crawford 494/43a; CRI 189; Sydenham 1094; Mussidia 7; RBW 1747. Toned, struck slightly off center, minor marks and a small area of edge smoothing. Good VF. ($500) Ex Cederlind BBS 172 (18 December 2013), lot 208; Cederlind BBS 169 (20 May 2013), lot 231; Harry Strickhausen Collection (Triton IX, 9 January 2006), lot 1348.

544. Moneyer issues of Imperatorial Rome. C. Vibius Varus. 42 BC. AR Denarius (18.5mm, 3.70 g, 12h). Rome mint. Head of Bacchus right, wearing wreath of ivy and grapes / Panther springing left; to left, garlanded altar surmounted by mask and thyrsus. Crawford 494/36; CRI 192; Sydenham 1138; Vibia 24; RBW 1739. Attractively toned, struck slightly off center. Superb EF. ($500) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

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545. The Pompeians. Q. Sicinius and C. Coponius. 49 BC. AR Denarius (16mm, 3.80 g, 9h). Military mint in the East, moving with Pompey; C. Coponius, praetor. Diademed head of Apollo right; star below / Club of Hercules surmounted by lion skin, scalp in profile to right; arrow to left, bow to right. Crawford 444/1a; CRI 3; Sydenham 939; Sicinia 1; RBW 1558. Attractively toned with some iridescence, metal flaw on obverse. EF. Fine style. ($750) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 91 (19 September 2012), lot 844 (hammer $1200).

546. The Pompeians. Cnaeus Pompey Jr. Summer 46-Spring 45 BC. AR Denarius (19.5mm, 3.99 g, 5h). Corduba mint; Marcus Poblicius, legatus pro praetore. Helmeted head of Roma right within bead and reel border / Hispania standing right, shield on her back, holding two spears over shoulder and presenting palm frond to Pompeian soldier standing left on prow, armed with sword. Crawford 469/1a; CRI 48; Sydenham 1035; RSC 1 (Pompey the Great); RBW –. Lightly toned. In NGC encapsulation, 4284622-013, graded Ch AU★, Strike: 5/5; Surface: 4/5. ($1000)

547. The Pompeians. Sextus Pompey. 37/6 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.88 g, 12h). Uncertain Sicilian mint. Diademed and bearded head of Neptune right; trident over left shoulder / Naval trophy set on anchor, top of trident visible above helmet; the arms composed of the stem of a prow in right and aplustre in left; heads of Scylla and Charybdis at base. Crawford 511/2b; CRI 333; RSC 1a; Sydenham 1347; cf. RBW 1784 (for type). Attractive cabinet toning. Near EF. ($2000) From the Andrew McCabe Collection. Ex Student and His Mentor Collection (Part II, Numismatica Ars Classica 73, 18 November 2013), lot 239; Sternberg VII (24 November 1977), lot 470; Numismatic Fine Arts II (25 March 1976), lot 363 (hammer $1000).

548. The Caesarians. Julius Caesar. April-August 49 BC. AR Denarius (17.5mm, 3.93 g, 8h). Military mint traveling with Caesar. Elephant advancing right, trampling on horned serpent / Emblems of the pontificate: simpulum, aspergillum, securis, and apex. Crawford 443/1; CRI 9; Sydenham 1006; RSC 49; RBW 1557. Lightly toned, lustrous. EF. ($1500) Ex Group SGF (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 342, 14 January 2015), lot 495.

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550 549 549. The Caesarians. Julius Caesar. April-August 49 BC. AR Denarius (16mm, 3.92 g, 12h). Military mint travelling with Caesar. Elephant advancing right, trampling on horned serpent / Emblems of the pontificate; simpulum, aspergillum, securis, and apex. Crawford 443/1; CRI 9; Sydenham 1006; RSC 49; RBW 1557. Toned, light surface marks. Good VF. ($750) From a European collection formed prior to the First World War.

550. The Caesarians. Julius Caesar. Late 48-47 BC. AR Denarius (17mm, 3.90 g, 6h). Military mint traveling with Caesar in North Africa. Diademed head of Venus right / Aeneas advancing left, holding palladium and bearing Anchises on his shoulder. Crawford 458/1; CRI 55; Sydenham 1013; RSC 12; RBW 1600. Old cabinet toning. Near EF. Attractive. Well centered for the issue. ($500) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

551. The Caesarians. Julius Caesar. Early 46 BC. AV Aureus (19.5mm, 8.22 g, 6h). Rome mint; A. Hirtius, praetor. Veiled female head (Vesta or Pietas?) right; C • CAeÍAr COÍ Ter around / Emblems of the augurate and pontificate: lituus, guttus, and securis; A • hirTiuÍ • pr around from lower left. Crawford 466/1; Molinari 83 (D3/R212); CRI 56; Calicó 36; Sydenham 1018; BMCRR Rome 4052; RBW 1635. Good VF, A few light marks and scratches. Struck from an obverse die of fine style. ($5000)

552. The Caesarians. Julius Caesar. Early 46 BC. AV Aureus (20.5mm, 8.04 g, 8h). Rome mint; A. Hirtius, praetor. Veiled female head (Vesta or Pietas?) right; C • CAeÍAr COÍ • Ter around / Emblems of the augurate and pontificate: lituus, guttus, and securis; A hirTiuÍ pr around from lower left. Crawford 466/1; Molinari – (D69/R281 – unlisted die combination); CRI 56; Calicó 37; Sydenham 1018; BMCRR Rome 4052; RBW 1634. VF, Struck from worn dies, light marks and a few edge marks, center of reverse weakly struck. Struck on a broad flan. ($4000)

553. The Caesarians. Julius Caesar. Late 46-early 45 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.89 g, 1h). Military mint traveling with Caesar in Spain. Diademed head of Venus right, with Cupid over her shoulder / Trophy of Gallic arms, composed of helmet and cuirass, oval shield and carnyx in each hand; two seated captives at base, the one on left a female in attitude of dejection, the one on right a bearded male with hands bound behind him. Crawford 468/1; CRI 58; Sydenham 1014; RSC 13; RBW 1639. Lightly toned, some scratches on the obverse. Good VF. ($500) Ex Cederlind BBS 110 (18 December 1997), lot 179.

138


554. The Caesarians. Julius Caesar. Late 46-early 45 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 4.06 g, 5h). Military mint traveling with Caesar in Spain. Draped bust of Venus left, wearing stephane; small Cupid at point of bust; lituus to left, scepter to right / Trophy of Gallic arms, holding a shield and carnyx in each hand; on left, kneeling bearded male captive seated left, looking right; on right, seated female captive right, resting head in hand. Crawford 468/2; CRI 59; Sydenham 1015; RSC 14; RBW 1640. Toned. Near EF. Attractive and well centered for the issue. ($1000) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

555

556

555. The Caesarians. Julius Caesar. Late 46-early 45 BC. AR Denarius (18.5mm, 3.54 g, 12h). Military mint traveling with Caesar in Spain. Draped bust of Venus left, wearing stephane; small Cupid at point of bust; lituus to left, scepter to right / Trophy of Gallic arms, holding a shield and carnyx in each hand; on left, kneeling bearded male captive seated left, looking right; on right, seated female captive right, resting head in hand. Crawford 468/2; CRI 59; Sydenham 1015; RSC 14; RBW 1640. Toned with some iridescence, minor metal flaw on obverse. Near EF. ($1000) 556. The Caesarians. Julius Caesar. February-March 44 BC. AR Denarius (16.5mm, 3.98 g, 8h). Lifetime issue. Rome mint; P. Sepullius Macer, moneyer. Wreathed and veiled head right / Venus Victrix standing left, holding Victory and scepter; shield set on ground to right. Crawford 480/13; Alföldi Type IX, 154 (A11/R – [unlisted rev. die]); CRI 107d; Sydenham 1074; RSC 39; RBW 1685. Toned, banker’s mark on obverse. Good VF. ($2000)

557

558

557. The Caesarians. Julius Caesar. February-March 44 BC. AR Denarius (16.5mm, 3.92 g, 9h). Lifetime issue. Rome mint; C. Cossutius Maridianus, moneyer. Wreathed and veiled head right / Venus standing left, holding Victory and resting arm on shield set on globe. Crawford 480/16; Alföldi Type XIX, 141 (this coin illustrated on pl. CXLI, no. 37; dies A10/R1); CRI 111; Sydenham 1067; RSC 9; RBW –. Toned with some iridescence, a couple of scratches, struck off center. Near EF. One of the rarer types for Julius Caesar. ($1500) From the Andrew McCabe Collection. Ex Professor L. Fontana Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 237, 21 July 2010), lot 348.

558. The Caesarians. Julius Caesar. 42 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 4.26 g, 8h). Rome mint; L. Mussidius Longus, moneyer. Wreathed head of Caesar right / Rudder, cornucopia on globe, winged caduceus, and apex. Crawford 494/39a; CRI 116; Sydenham 1096a; RSC 29; RBW 1742. Toned, struck slightly off center, banker’s mark on the obverse. VF. A bold portrait of Caesar. ($1250) From the TS Collection. Ex Elsen 78 (20 March 2004), lot 214.

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559. The Republicans. C. Cassius Longinus. Spring 42 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.76 g, 6h). Military mint, probably at Smyrna; P. Cornelius Lentulus Spinther, legatus. Tripod surmounted by cortina and two laurel branches, fillet hanging on either side; C • CAÍÍi upward to left, iÂp upward to right / Capis and lituus; LeNTuLuÍ/ÍpiNT in two lines below. Crawford 500/1; CRI 219; Sydenham 1308; RSC 7; RBW 1761. Lustrous, minor scratch on reverse. EF. Well centered. ($1500) Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 328 (11 June 2014), lot 477.

560

561

560. The Republicans. Brutus. Early 42 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.45 g, 12h). Military mint, probably at Smyrna; P. Cornelius Lentulus Spinther, legatus. Emblems of the pontificate: securis, simpulum, and secespita; BruTuÍ below / Capis and lituus; LeNTuLuÍ/ÍpiNT in two lines below. Crawford 500/7; CRI 198; Sydenham 1310; RSC 6; RBW 1766. Lightly toned, some light smoothing in the fields. EF. ($1500) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. The obverse depicts the symbols of the college of pontifices to which Brutus belonged, while the reverse bears the symbols of the priestly college to which P. Cornelius Lentulus Spinther was elected in 57 BC, namely, the augurate.

561. The Republicans. Brutus. Spring-early summer 42 BC. AR Denarius (17mm, 3.67 g, 12h). Military mint traveling with Brutus in Lycia. Head of Libertas right / Lyre between quiver to left and laurel branch tied with fillet to right. Crawford 501/1; CRI 199; Sydenham 1287; RSC 5; cf. RBW 1767 (for type). Lightly toned, minor flan crack. Good VF. ($750) From the Andrew McCabe Collection. Ex JD Collection (Part III, Numismatica Ars Classica 78, 26 May 2014), lot 497; Münzen und Medaillen AG FPL 385 (January 1977), lot 37 (CHF 1300); Münzen und Medaillen AG 52 (20 June 1975), lot 472 (hammer CHF 1300); Brunacci Collection (Santamaria, 24 February 1958), lot 739.

562 563 562. The Republicans. Brutus. Late summer-autumn 42 BC. AR Denarius (17mm, 3.61 g, 12h). Military mint traveling with Brutus and Cassius in western Asia Minor or northern Greece; Pedanius Costa, legate. Laureate head of Apollo right / Trophy composed of cuirass, crested helmet, oval shield with incurved sides, and two crossed spears. Crawford 506/2; CRI 209; Sydenham 1296; RSC 4; RBW 1778. Old cabinet toning. Near EF. ($1000) From a European collection formed prior to the First World War.

563. The Republicans. Brutus. Late summer-autumn 42 BC. AR Denarius (17mm, 3.85 g, 12h). Military mint traveling with Brutus and Cassius in western Asia Minor or northern Greece; Pedanius Costa, legate. Laureate head of Apollo right / Trophy composed of cuirass, crested helmet, oval shield with incurved sides, and two crossed spears. Crawford 506/2; CRI 209; Sydenham 1296; RSC 4; cf. RBW 1778 (for type). Lightly toned, minor deposits. Near EF. ($1000) From the Andrew McCabe Collection. Ex Student and His Mentor Collection (Part III, Numismatica Ars Classica 83, 20 May 2015), lot 495 (privately purchased by them in January 1982).

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565

564

564. The Triumvirs. Mark Antony. Early 42 BC. AR Quinarius (13mm, 1.59 g, 1h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Winged bust of Victory right, with the likeness of Fulvia / Lion walking right; A xLi (= 41, Antony’s age at time of issue) across field, ANTONi above, [iÂp] in exergue. Crawford 489/6; Lyon 3; King 76; CRI 126; Sydenham 1163; RSC 3 (Fulvia); cf. RBW 1713 (for type); DCA 941. Deep cabinet toning, a few light marks beneath toning, some roughness on reverse, die break on Victory’s chin. Good VF. ($500) From the Andrew McCabe Collection. Ex JD Collection (Part III, Numismatica Ars Classica 78, 26 May 2014), lot 491; Dr. E. P. Nicolas Collection (Leu 17, 3 May 1977), lot 782.

565. The Triumvirs. Mark Antony. 42 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.64 g, 1h). Military mint traveling with Antony in Greece. Bare head right / Facing head of Sol on disk within distyle temple. Crawford 496/1; CRI 128; Sydenham 1168; RSC 12a; RBW –. Lightly toned, a few light scratches, lamination flaw on reverse. VF. ($500) From the Andrew McCabe Collection. Ex Roma E-Sale 21 (31 October 2015), lot 649.

566. The Triumvirs. Mark Antony and Octavian. Spring-early summer 41 BC. AR Denarius (18.5mm, 3.96 g, 11h). Ephesus mint; M. Barbatius Pollio, quaestor pro praetore. Bare head of Mark Antony right / Bare head of Octavian right, with slight beard. Crawford 517/2; CRI 243; Sydenham 1181; RSC 8a; RBW 1798. Toned. In NGC encapsulation,4529310-013, graded AU Star. Strike: 5/5; Surface: 5/5. ($1500) Ex Dr. Walter Stoecklin Collection (Nomos 14, 17 May 2017), lot 304.

567. The Triumvirs. Mark Antony and Octavian. Spring-early summer 41 BC. AR Denarius (20.5mm, 3.91 g, 12h). Ephesus mint; M. Barbatius Pollio, quaestor pro praetore. Bare head of Mark Antony right / Bare head of Octavian right, with slight beard. Crawford 517/2; CRI 243; Sydenham 1181; RSC 8a; cf. RBW 1798 (for type). Lightly toned, some light scratches, slight reverse die shift. Good VF. Quite attractive in hand. ($1000) From the Andrew McCabe Collection. Ex Dr, Rainer Pudill Collection (Künker 288, 13 March 2017), lot 333 (hammer €950); Jacques Schulman 248 (19 November 1968), lot 321.

568. The Triumvirs. Mark Antony and Lucius Antony. Summer 41 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.76 g, 10h). Ephesus mint; M. Cocceius Nerva, proquaestor pro praetore. Bare head of Mark Antony right / Bare head of Lucius Antony right. Crawford 517/5b; CRI 246a; Sydenham 1185; RSC 2a; RBW 1799 var. (obv. legend). Toned. In NGC encapsulation, 3929810001, graded XF, Strike: 5/5; Surface: 4/5. ($1500) 141


569

570

569. The Triumvirs. Mark Antony. Summer 38 BC. AR Denarius (17.5mm, 3.78 g, 12h). Athens mint. Mark Antony, veiled, and wearing the priestly robes of an augur, standing right, holding lituus in right hand; Â • ANTONiuÍ • Â • F [• Â •] N • Augur • iÂp • Ter around / Radiate head of Sol right; iii • uir • r • p • C • COÍ • DeÍig • eT • iTer • TerT around. Crawford 533/2; CRI 267; Sydenham 1199; RSC 13; cf. RBW 1820 (for type). Lightly toned with some iridescence. VF. ($500) From the Andrew McCabe Collection. Ex Bruce Antonelli Collection (Stack’s, 22 April 2009), lot 1350; J.S. Wagner Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 79, 17 September 2008), lot 1041.

570. The Triumvirs. Mark Antony. Late summer-autumn 38 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.86 g, 7h). Military mint moving with Antony in northern Syria. Bare head right / Trophy holding sword and oblong shield; two round shields at the base. Crawford 536/1; CRI 269; Sydenham 1203; RSC 16; RBW –. Deep iridescent toning, flan crack, minor pitting. Near EF. Very rare type, only two examples in CoinArchives. ($1500)

Attractive Antony and Cleopatra Denarius

571. The Triumvirs. Mark Antony and Cleopatra. Autumn 34 BC. AR Denarius (16.5mm, 3.83 g, 12h). Alexandria mint. Bare head of Mark Antony right; four-pointed Armenian tiara to left / Diademed and draped bust of Cleopatra right; stem of prow to right. Crawford 543/1; CRI 345; Sydenham 1210; RSC 1; RBW 1832. Toned, small bankers’ marks on each side. In NGC encapsulation, 4531040-005, graded Ch XF, Strike: 4/5; Surface: 3/5. ($10,000) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 66 (19 May 2004), lot 1330.

572. The Triumvirs. Mark Antony. Autumn 32-spring 31 BC. AR Denarius (17mm, 3.42 g, 6h). Legionary issue. Patrae(?) mint. Praetorian galley right / Aquila between two signa; Leg ii across lower field. Crawford 544/14; CRI 349; Sydenham 1216; RSC 27; RBW 1838. Toned with a touch of porosity. EF. Attractive! Well centered on a broad flan for the issue. ($500) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

142


573. The Triumvirs. Mark Antony. Autumn 32-spring 31 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.40 g, 6h). Legionary issue. Patrae(?) mint. Praetorian galley right / Aquila between two signa; Leg xx across lower field. Crawford 544/36; CRI 380; Sydenham 1243; RSC 57; RBW 1848. Lightly toned. Good VF. Well centered on a broad flan for the issue. ($500)

574 575 574. The Triumvirs. Octavian. Late 41 BC. AR Denarius (16.5mm, 3.42 g, 5h). Military mint traveling with Octavian in Italy. L. Cornelius Balbus, propaetor. Bare head right, wearing slight beard; C • CAeÍAr • iii • uir r • p • C around / Club of Hercules left; BALBuÍ above, prO • pr below. Crawford 518/1; CRI 298; Sydenham 1325a; RSC 417; cf. RBW 1801 (for type). Toned with some iridescence. Good VF. ($500) From the Andrew McCabe Collection. Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 84, Part II (21 May 2015), lot 1706.

575. The Triumvirs. Octavian, Divus Julius Caesar, and Agrippa. 38 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 4.03 g, 6h). Military mint traveling with Agrippa in Gaul or Octavian in Italy. Wreathed head of the deified Julius Caesar right, facing bare head of Octavian left; Di[uOÍ iu]LiuÍ upward to left, Diui F downward to right / Â • AgrippA COÍ/DeÍig in two lines. Crawford 534/2; CRI 306; Sydenham 1330; RSC 129; RBW –. Toned, light porosity, tiny test cut on edge. VF. Very rare. ($3000) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 108 (16 May 2018), lot 553.

576. The Triumvirs. Octavian. Autumn 30-summer 29 BC. AR Denarius (19.5mm, 3.67 g, 5h). Uncertain Italian mint, possibly Rome. Bare head right / Octavian’s Actian arch (arcus Octaviani), showing a single span surmounted by Octavian in facing triumphal quadriga; iÂp • CAeÍAr on the architrave. CRI 422; RIC I 267; RSC 123. Lightly toned with some iridescence, test cut at edge on reverse. Good VF. ($1500) Ex Estate of Thomas Bentley Cederlind (Classical Numismatic Group 102, 18 May 2016), lot 829; Gorny & Mosch 228 (9 March 2015), lot 546.

577. The Triumvirs. Octavian. Autumn 30-summer 29 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.82 g, 7h). Italian (Rome?) mint. Laureate head of Apollo of Actium right, with features resembling Octavian / Octavian, as city founder, veiled and wearing priestly robes, plowing right with yoke of oxen, holding whip in outstretched left hand and plow-handle in right. CRI 424; RIC I 272; RSC 117. Attractive cabinet toning, a few light marks and scratches beneath toning, banker’s mark on Apollo’s neck. Good VF. ($750) From the Andrew McCabe Collection. Ex Manhattan Sale 4 (8 January 2013), lot 129 (hammer $825); Sotheby’s (30 March 1995), lot 1034 (hammer £330).

143


578. The Triumvirs. Octavian. 29-28 BC. AR Quinarius (12.5mm, 1.83 g, 9h). Italian mint (Rome?). Bare head right / Victory standing left, holding wreath and palm frond, on cista mystica flanked by two interlaced snakes with heads erect. CRI 429; RIC I 276; RSC 14. Toned, scratches, minor verdigris. Good VF. Bold portrait. ($400) From the TS Collection.

579. The Triumvirs. Octavian. 28 BC. AR Cistophorus (28.5mm, 10.95 g, 12h). Ephesus mint. iÂp • CAeÍAr • Diui • F • COÍ • ui • LiBerTATiÍ • p • r • uiNDex •, laureate head right / Pax, draped, standing left, holding caduceus with her right hand; behind her, in right field, a snake emerging from cista mystica; all within laurel wreath; pAx in left field. CRI 433; RIC I 476; RPC I 2203; RSC 218; BMCRE 691 = BMCRR East 248; BN 905. Toned, a few light scratches and marks in fields, obverse struck slightly off center. Good VF. ($1500) From the Andrew McCabe Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 99 (13 May 2015), lot 586. LIBERTATIS P R VINDEX means Champion of Liberty and the People of Rome, referring to the victory over Antony and Cleopatra; the addition of Pax to the usual cistophoric type referring to the upcoming peace. [Andrew McCabe]

ROMAN IMPERIAL COINAGE

580. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AR Quinarius (14.5mm, 1.81 g, 11h). Emerita mint; P. Carisius, legatus pro praetore. Struck circa 25-23 BC. Bare head right / Victory standing right, crowning trophy; dagger and curved sword at base. RIC I 1a; King 3; RSC 386. Lightly toned, die break on obverse. Good VF. ($300)

581. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AR Denarius (21mm, 3.94 g, 10h). Uncertain Spanish mint (Colonia Caesaraugusta?). Struck circa 18 BC. Head right, wearing oak wreath / Comet with eight rays and tail. RIC I 37a; RSC 98. Toned, some roughness and marks. Good VF. ($750) Ex Roma IX (22 March 2015), lot 582; Cayόn (15 September 2011), lot 3301.

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582. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AR Denarius (18.5mm, 3.79 g, 5h). Uncertain Spanish mint (Colonia Patricia?). Struck circa 18 BC. Laureate head left / S • P • Q • R across field, Temple of Mars Ultor: round-domed, tetra-style temple set on podium of three steps; within, is a chariot right, carrying an aquila and a miniature quadriga. RIC I 120; RSC 282. Handsome old cabinet tone. EF. Wonderful portrait. ($1500)

Rare Head Left

583. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.92 g, 6h). Uncertain Spanish mint (Colonia Patricia?). Struck circa 17-16 BC. Bare head left / AVGVSTVS below, capricorn right, holding globe attached to rudder between front hooves; cornucopia above its back. RIC I 130; RSC 22; BMCRE 307-8 = BMCRR Gaul 126-7; BN 1354-7. Lightly toned, slight die wear. Near EF. Rare with head left. ($1500)

584. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.92 g, 2h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck 15 BC. Bare head right / IMP • X across field, ACT in exergue, Apollo Citharoedus of Actium, standing left, holding plectrum and lyre. RIC I 171a; Lyon 28; RSC 144. In NGC encapsulation 4284628-002, graded MS, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 4/5. ($1500)

585

586

585. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AR Denarius (17.5mm, 3.91 g, 10h). Rome mint; P. Petronius Turpilianus, moneyer. Struck 18 BC. Diademed and draped bust of Feronia right / Parthian kneeling right, presenting signum with X-marked vexillum attached. RIC I 288; RSC 484. Attractive, old cabinet tone. Near EF. ($750) 586. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AR Denarius (20mm, 3.42 g, 2h). Pergamum mint. Struck 27 BC. Bare head right / Bull standing right. RIC I 475; RSC 28. Attractive iridescent tone, graffito under tone on obverse, hairline flan crack. EF. ($1500) Ex Roma E-Sale 3 (30 November 2013), lot 498; Künker 67 (9 October 2001), lot 633.

145


Cover Coin for the Latest Printing of RIC I

587. Divus Augustus. Died AD 14. Æ Dupondius (29mm, 15.60 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Gaius (Caligula), AD 37-41. Radiate head of Divus Augustus left / Augustus seated left on curule chair, holding branch. RIC I 56 (Gaius). Brown patina, some porosity. Near EF. The obverse and reverse of this coin are illustrated on the front cover of the dust jacket of The Roman Imperial Coinage Volume 1 (Spink 2018 printing). ($1000)

Triumph of Tiberius

588. Tiberius. AD 14-37. AR Denarius (18.5mm, 3.77 g, 6h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck AD 15-16. TI CΛESΛR DIVI ΛVG F ΛVGVSTVS, laureate head right / TR POT XVII, IMP VII in exergue, Tiberius driving triumphal quadriga right, holding eagle-tipped scepter and reins in left hand and branch in right. RIC I 4; Lyon 122 (unlisted dies); RSC 48; BMCRE 7-11; BN 5-8. Toned, minor die break on obverse. Near EF. Fine style portrait. Rare. ($1000) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 99 (13 May 2015), lot 590; Numismatica Ars Classica 64 (17 May 2012), lot 1086. A capable general, Tiberius campaigned long and hard in Dalmatia, Raetia, and Germania over his 20-year military career. His stepfather Augustus showed little inclination to reward him, however, until the aftermath of the Varian disaster in AD 9, when Tiberius rushed north with newly raised legions to restore the situation. Bitter fighting over a two-year period stabilized the Rhine frontier. Tiberius was able to return to Rome in AD 12 to receive a long-delayed Triumph. Suetonius described its conclusion: “Before turning to enter the Capitol, he dismounted from his chariot and fell at the knees of his father (i.e. Augustus), who was presiding over the ceremonies.” The scene of Tiberius in his triumphal quadriga was widely depicted on coins, gems, and other visual arts, helping to solidify his position as Augustus’ heir.

589. Tiberius. AD 14-37. AV Aureus (20mm, 7.71 g, 6h). “Tribute Penny” type. Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Group 4, AD 1835. TI CΛESΛR DIVI ΛVG F ΛVGVSTVS, laureate head right / PONTIF MΛXIM, Livia (as Pax), holding scepter and olive branch, seated right on chair, feet on footstool; ornate chair legs, single line below. RIC I 29; Lyon 149; Calicó 305a; BMCRE 46; BN 22-6; Biaggi 168; cf. Jameson 31; Mazzini 15**. Near EF. Pleasing style. Struck on a broad flan. ($5000)

590. Gaius (Caligula), with Divus Augustus. AD 37-41. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.69 g, 2h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. 1st emission, AD 37. C • CΛESΛR • ΛVG • GERM • P • M • TR • POT COS, bare head of Gaius (Caligula) right / Radiate head of Divus Augustus right, between two six-pointed stars. RIC I 2; Lyon 157; RSC 11; BMCRE 4-5; BN 3-8. Good VF, Toned, some porosity, minor marks. ($3000) 146


591. Gaius (Caligula), with Germanicus. AD 37-41. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.74 g, 10h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck AD 37. C • CΛESΛR • ΛVG • GERM • P • M •TR [• POT], bare head of Gaius (Caligula) right / GERMANICVS • CΛES • P • C • CAES • AVG • GERM, bare head of Germanicus right. RIC I 12; Lyon 165 (unlisted dies); RSC 4; BMCRE 13; BN 15-16. Toned, a couple of contact marks on obverse under tone. Good VF. ($3000) Ex Berk BBS 189 (25 March 2014), lot 210.

592. Claudius. AD 41-54. Æ Sestertius (35mm, 29.40 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 42-43. Laureate head right / Triumphal arch surmounted by equestrian statue right, spearing downward between two trophies. RIC I 114; von Kaenel Type 71, – (unlisted dies). Red-brown patina, some green. In NGC encapsulation, 2400067-009, graded Ch VF, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 2/5. ($750) The Arch of Nero Claudius Drusus was erected by order of the Senate sometime after the death of Drusus in 9 BC. Located on the Via Appia, it commemorated his victories along the German frontier. Eventually, the presence of the arch may have lent its name to the surrounding region, known colloquially as the vicus Drusianus (Drusus’ district). By the late fourth century AD, the arch may have survived as the arch then known as the arcus Recordationis (Arch of Remembrance).

593. Claudius. AD 41-54. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.65 g, 4h). Rome mint. Struck AD 49-50. Laureate head right / DE BRITANN on architrave of triumphal arch surmounted by equestrian statue left between two trophies. RIC I 45; von Kaenel Type 31, 663 (V558/R572); RSC 19. Toned, some porosity. VF. ($1500)

594. Claudius, with Agrippina Junior. AD 41-54. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.57 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 51. Laureate head of Claudius right / Draped bust of Agrippina right, wearing wreath of grain ears. RIC I 81; von Kaenel Type 50, 815 (V693/ R714); RSC 4. Toned, a few marks on obverse under tone. Good VF. Struck with dies of artistic merit. ($2000) Ex Cederlind BBS 172 (18 December 2013), lot 226; Vinchon (9 December 1983), lot 276.

147


Rare Divus Claudius Aureus

595. Divus Claudius. Died AD 54. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.63 g, 6h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck under Nero, AD 54-55. DIVVS CLAVDIVS AVGVSTVS, laureate head left / EX • S • C • in exergue, slow quadriga right, with tensa (car) in form of small temple, showing front, the tensa with pediment like a temple and decorated with two pateras and a lituus, surmounted by four miniature horses, flanked by Victories left and right; on the side and front are figures (Victory and Virtus(?) and wreath). RIC I 4 (Nero); WCN 1; von Kaenel Type 53 (unlisted dies); Lyon 1 (unlisted dies); Calicó 354; BMCRE 4-5 (Nero); BN 1-2 (Nero); Biaggi 203; Jameson –; Mazzini 31. Toned, minor edge scrape. Good VF. Rare. ($7500) The reverse commemorates the triumph that Claudius celebrated in AD 44 on the occasion of the conquest of Britain. A tensa was a carriage or chariot on which depictions of the gods were brought to the Games in the Circus in Rome (the Ludi Circenses). The consecration coins of Divus Claudius and a similar type on the coins of Divus Vespasian (RIC II 360 [Titus]) prove that the same honor was sometimes accorded to deified emperors.

596 597 596. Nero. As Caesar, AD 50-54. AR Denarius (17.5mm, 3.60 g, 8h). Rome mint. Struck under Claudius, AD 51. Young, bareheaded, and draped bust right / Legend in four lines on shield, behind which stands a spear. RIC I 79 (Claudius); von Kaenel Type 53, – (unlisted dies); RSC 97. Toned. In NGC encapsulation, 2400070-008, graded VF, Strike: 4/5, Surface: 5/5. ($500) 597. Nero. As Caesar, AD 50-54. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.46 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Claudius, AD 51. Young, bareheaded, and draped bust right / Legend in four lines on shield, behind which stands a spear. RIC I 79 (Claudius); von Kaenel Type 53, – (unlisted dies); RSC 97. Toned, reverse slightly off center. VF. ($500) From the TS Collection. Ex Vico 109 (10 November 2005), lot 1331.

598 599 598. Nero. AD 54-68. Æ Sestertius (34mm, 23.13 g, 6h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck circa AD 65. Laureate head right, globe at point of neck / Annona standing right, holding cornucopia, facing Ceres seated left, holding grain ears and torch; between them, modius on garlanded altar, ship’s stern in background. RIC I 390; WCN 406; Lyon 65. Brown surfaces, a few cleaning marks, edge marks. Good VF. ($1000) Ex Thomas Bentley Cederlind Estate (Classical Numismatic Group 102, 18 May 2016), lot 872.

599. Nero. AD 54-68. Æ Sestertius (36.5mm, 24.37 g, 6h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck circa AD 67. IMP NERO CAESAR AVG P MAX TR P P P, laureate head right, globe at point of neck / PACE P R TERRA MARIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT, S C across field, Temple of Janus, with latticed windows to left and garland hung across closed double doors to right. RIC I 584; WCN 481; Lyon 278; BMCRE –; BN –. a lovely hard dark green patina blending to green-brown below the obverse bust, Minor smoothing. EF. Struck on a broad flan. Rare with head left. ($2000) 148


600. Nero. AD 54-68. AV Aureus (20mm, 7.32 g, 7h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 64-65. NERO CAESAR AVGVSTVS, laureate head right / IVPPITER CVSTOS, Jupiter, bare to waist, with cloak around lower limbs, seated left on throne, holding thunderbolt in right hand and vertical scepter in left. RIC I 52; WCN 25; Calicó 412; BMCRE 67-73; BN 213-9; Biaggi 225-6; Jameson –; Mazzini 118. Toned, underlying luster, a few die breaks on obverse, some shallow scratches. Good VF. ($5000) Ex Cederlind BBS 172 (18 December 2013), lot 230 (front cover coin); Cederlind BBS 169 (20 May 2013), lot 254 (front cover coin).

601. Nero. AD 54-68. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.38 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 64-65. Laureate head right / Jupiter seated left on throne, holding thunderbolt and scepter. RIC I 53; RSC 119. Attractively toned. In NGC encapsulation, 4284628005, graded Ch XF, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 4/5. ($1500)

602. Nero. AD 54-68. AR Denarius (17mm, 3.49 g, 5h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 65-66. NERO CAESAR AVGVSTVS, laureate head right / VESTA, hexastyle temple of Vesta with domed roof, on podium of four steps; within, statue of Vesta seated left, holding patera in right hand and long scepter in left. RIC I 62; RSC 335; BMCRE 104-6; BN 230. Near EF, lightly toned. Great portrait. ($1500)

603. Nero. AD 54-68. AV Aureus (18mm, 7.36 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 66-67. IMP NERO CAESΛR ΛVGVSTVS, laureate head of Nero right / SALVS in exergue, Salus, draped, seated left on ornamented throne, holding patera in right hand and resting left at side. RIC I 66; Calicó 445; BMCRE 94-5; BN 236; Biaggi 244-5; Jameson –; Mazzini 317. Some light hairline marks, boldy struck, with a deep reddish tone, typical of aurei from the Boscoreale hoard. Near EF. ($7500) From a European collection formed prior to the First World War.

604. Galba. AD 68-69. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.44 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa July AD 68 - January AD 69. IMP SER GALBΛ AVG, bare head right / S P Q R/ O • B/ C S in three lines within oak wreath. RIC I 167; RSC 287; BMCRE 34 corr. (head described as laureate); BN 76-7. Areas of light tone, some faint hairlines. Choice EF. Outstanding portrait. ($3000) 149


Exceptional Portrait

605. Galba. AD 68-69. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.25 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck July AD 68-January AD 69. IMP SER GΛLBΛ CΛESΛR ΛVG, laureate head right / RENASC ROMA, Roma, helmeted, in military dress, advancing right, holding Victory in right hand and transverse spear in left. RIC I 199; RSC 200; BMCRE 25; BN 91. Lightly toned. EF. Outstanding portrait in fine style. Rare. ($3000) Ex Italo Vecchi Collection, acquired from Savoca Numismatik GmbH.

Ex Henry Platt Hall Collection – Finest of Four Known Published in Kraay’s Aes Coinage of Galba

606. Galba. AD 68-69. Æ Sestertius (35mm, 25.89 g, 6h). Rome mint, 2nd officina. July AD 68 - January AD 69. IMP SER GALBA CAES • AVG PON M TR P, laureate head right / CO NCORD AVG, S C across field, Concordia, draped, seated left, holding branch in right hand and transverse scepter cradled in left arm. RIC I 343; ACG 91a (A7/P9 – this coin, illustrated); BMCRE p. 318, note * (this coin referenced); BN 167 (same dies). Good VF, even brown patina, a few areas of minor roughness, flan crack. Bold portrait. Extremely rare, with only two other examples in CoinArchives. The finest of four published. ($2000) Ex Schweizerischer Bankverein 28 (17 September 1991), lot 453; Henry Platt Hall Collection (Part II, Glendining, 16 November 1950), lot 1113; Egger [XVI] (20 April 1904), lot 40.

607 608 607. Vitellius. AD 69. AV Aureus (17mm, 6.35 g, 6h). Rome mint. A VITELLIVS GERM IMP AVG TR P, laureate head right / LIBERI • IMP • GERM • AVG •, confronted, draped busts of Vitellius’ son, on left, and daughter, on right. RIC I 100; Calicó 557 (same dies as illustration); BMCRE 27 (same rev. die); BN –; Biaggi 289 (same dies); Jameson –; Mazzini –. light scratches and scuffs on surfaces and edge, small metal flaw in reverse field. Near VF. Very rare. ($5000) From a European collection formed prior to the First World War.

608. Vespasian. AD 69-79. AV Aureus (17mm, 7.13 g, 7h). Tarraco mint. Struck AD 70. IMP CΛESΛR VESPΛSIΛNVS AVG, laureate head right / COS ITER TR POT, Pax, draped, seated left, holding olive branch in right hand and winged caduceus in left. RIC II 1311; Calicó 607; BMCRE 354-5; BN –; Biaggi 307-8; Jameson 60; Mazzini 94/b. Light surface marks and scratches. Good VF. ($5000) From a European collection formed prior to the First World War.

150


609. Vespasian. AD 69-79. Æ Sestertius (33mm, 26.54 g, 6h). “Judaea Capta” commemorative. Rome mint. Struck AD 71. IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M TR P P P COS III, laureate head right / IVDAEA CAPTA, S C in exergue, palm tree; to left, Vespasian standing right, left foot on helmet, holding spear in right hand and parazonium in left; to right, Judaea seated right on cuirass, right hand on knee, left hand propping her head in attitude of mourning. RIC II 167; Hendin 1504; BMCRE 543-4; BN 497-8. Green patina, some smoothing. Good VF. ($3000)

With Victory in Judaea a Return to Tranquility

610. Vespasian. AD 69-79. Æ Sestertius (33.5mm, 25.93 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 71. IMP CΛES VESPAS AVG P M TR P P P COS III, laureate head right / PAX AVGVSTI, S C in exergue, Pax, draped, standing right, holding branch in left hand and with torch in right setting fire to arms on ground right; to the left, a column, on which is a statue of Minerva fighting right, a shield and spear resting against it; to the right, a lighted altar. RIC II 241 (R2); BMCRE 553 note; BN 518. Black-green surfaces, hairline flan crack, a few minor flan flaws. VF. Very rare. ($3000) This most unorthodox representation of Pax belongs to the large and important series of aes issued in AD 71, the year that witnessed the joint triumph of Vespasian and Titus through the streets of Rome in celebration of their victory in Judaea. At this time, the Roman Empire had experienced five straight years of warfare, which had devastated the economy and threatened the very foundations of the empire. The goddess of peace here holds a flaming torch with which she sets fire to a heap of arms, the spoils of Rome’s defeated enemies. This symbolic act was carried out in fulfillment of a vow undertaken to Rome’s principal deities of war, Mars and Minerva. A statue of the latter appears atop a column accompanying the scene of celebration. The hope was that with the cessation of hostilities, the Roman people could now enjoy a period of tranquility under Flavian rule.

151


Ex Trau Collection

611. Vespasian. AD 69-79. Æ As (26.5mm, 12.16 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 74. Laureate head left / Spes advancing left, holding flower and raising hem of skirt. RIC II 731. Dark brown patina. In NGC encapsulation 4371775-004, graded AU, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 3/5. ($500) Ex Franz Trau Collection (Gilhofer & Ranschburg–A. Hess, 22 May 1935), lot 657.

An Exceptional Domitia

612. Domitia. Augusta, AD 82-96. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.56 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Domitian, AD 82-83. DOMITIΛ ΛVGVSTΛ IMP DOMIT, draped bust right, wearing necklace, and hair massed high in front above forehead and knotted in long plait on neck / CONCOR DIA AVGVST, peacock standing right. RIC II 151 (Domitian); RSC 2; BMCRE 61 (Domitian); BN 65-68 (Domitian); Jameson –; Mazzini 2. Lightly toned. Choice EF. Very rare and among the finest specimens known. Magnificent portrait. ($10,000) Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 94 (6 October 2016), lot 190; Goldberg 80 (3 June 2014), lot 3142; Nomos 2 (18 May 2010), lot 182.

613. Trajan. AD 98-117. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.26 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 107. IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / S P • Q • R • OPTIMO • PRINCIPI •, Jupiter seated left, feet on footstool, holding Victory and scepter. RIC II 153 var. (bust type); Allen Series 32, Type XII (O61/R – [unlisted rev. die]); Woytek 228f; Strack 96β; Calicó 1089; BMCRE p. 54, ‡; BN –; Biaggi 529; Jameson –; Mazzini –. Some scratches and marks, underlying luster. Good VF. ($3000) 152


614. Trajan. AD 98-117. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.22 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 108-110. IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / COS V P P S P Q R OPTIMO PRINC, Libertas, draped, standing left, holding pileus in right hand and vindicta in left. RIC II 123 var. (bust type); Woytek 292f; Strack 150β; Calicó 1001a; BMCRE 312-4; BN 422-4; Biaggi 471; Jameson –; Mazzini 70 v. A few shallow scratches on obverse, short scrape on reverse, underlying luster. EF. ($4000)

615. Trajan. AD 98-117. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.36 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 108-109. Laureate bust right, slight drapery / Roma seated left, holding Victory and spear. RIC II 116; Woytek 281bC; RSC 69. Lustrous, traces of deposits on reverse. Choice EF. Nice portrait style. ($500) Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 64 (17 May 2012), lot 1162.

The Via Traiana

616. Trajan. AD 98-117. Æ Sestertius (32mm, 25.39 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 112/3-114. Laureate bust right, slight drapery / Via Traiana reclining left, head right, resting elbow on rock, holding wheel balanced on knee with right hand, cradling branch in left arm. RIC II 636; Woytek 476b2; Banti 347. Olive green patina on the obverse with a green brown patina on the reverse, minor deposits of verdigris. Good VF. A very attractive example in hand. ($1000) The Via Traiana, constructed at Trajan’s own expense between AD 109 and 113, replaced the Via Appia as the usual route between Brindisium to Beneventum, serving as an important link between Rome and the East.

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617. Hadrian. AD 117-138. Æ Sestertius (31mm, 27.75 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 124-128. HΛDRIΛNVS AVGVSTVS, laureate bust right, slight drapery / COS III, S C in exergue, Roma, helmeted, in military dress, seated left on cuirass, left foot on helmet, holding Victory on extended right hand and cornucopia in left; round shield set on ground to right. RIC II 636; Strack 611α; Banti 183; BMCRE 1297. Glossy brown patina, some speckles of hard green. Near EF. Well struck on a full flan. Appealing large format portrait. ($2000) Ex Triton XXI (8 January 2018), lot 755; Gadoury (14 November 2015), lot 51.

Hadrian Enters Judaea Hendin Plate Coin

618. Hadrian. AD 117-138. Æ Sestertius (30mm, 24.20 g, 6h). “Travel series” issue. Rome mint. Struck circa AD 134-138. HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P, laureate and draped bust right / ADVENTVI AVG [IVDAE]AE, S C in exergue, Hadrian standing right, togate, raising right hand and holding scroll in left, facing Judaea standing left, holding patera in right hand and cup in left, at her feet, youth standing left before her, one behind her, each holding a palm frond; between them, lighted altar, behind which is a sacrificial bull lying left. RIC II 890c; Banti 42; Hendin 1604 (this coin illustrated). Dark gray surfaces, light earthen deposits, edge bumps, flan flaw on reverse. VF. ($2000) Ex Dr. Patrick Tan Collection. Hadrian made a brief visit to Judaea circa AD 130, during his second great provincial tour of AD 129-132. Prior to his arrival, rumors spread among the Jews that he intended to rebuild Jerusalem and the great Temple, destroyed during the Jewish War of AD 66-73, so he was at first warmly welcomed. However, Hadrian decided to rebuild the city as the Roman veteran colony of Aelia Capitolina, with a temple to Jupiter replacing the one once dedicated to Jehovah. This ultimately sparked the bloody Bar Kokhba Revolt of AD 132-135, which devastated the province and darkened Hadrian’s final years. The rare coinage issued to mark his visit, with the legend ADVENTVS AVG IVDAEA (”the Emperor Enters Judaea”) depicts Hadrian being greeted by a female personification of the province and two children bearing palm branches. Although these coins are usually dated to AD 134-138, there is no suggestion of a military conflict in the design and the province is clearly named Judaea, which suggest it was struck before the conflict concluded in 135. Judaea was renamed Syria Palaestina in response to the Bar Kokhba conflict, though precisely when this occurred is not known.

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Unpublished Judaean Sestertius Variety

619. Hadrian. AD 117-138. Æ Sestertius (32mm, 27.47 g, 12h). “Travel series” issue. Rome mint. Struck circa AD 134-138. HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P, laureate and draped bust right / ADVENTVI AVG IVDAEAE around, S C across field, Hadrian standing right, togate, raising right hand and holding scroll in left, facing Judaea standing left, holding patera in right hand and cup in left, at her feet, youth standing left before her, one behind her, each holding a palm frond; between them, lighted altar, behind which is a sacrificial bull lying left. RIC II 890 var. (S C in exergue); cf. Banti 42; Hendin 1604 var. (same). Green-brown patina, areas of minor roughness. VF. Extremely rare, if not unique, with S C across the field; none in CoinArchives. ($2000)

620. Antoninus Pius. AD 138-161. AV Aureus (18.5mm, 7.12 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 141-143. ΛNTONINVS AVG PI VS P P TR P COS III, laureate head right / IOVI STATORI, Jupiter, naked, standing facing, holding vertical scepter in right hand and thunderbolt at side in left. RIC III 72a (same obv. as illustration); Strack 90δ; Calicó 1551 (same dies as illustration); BMCRE 210; Biaggi 730 (same dies); Jameson –; Mazzini 459 var. (bust type). VF. ($3000)

Exceptional Pius Sestertius

621. Antoninus Pius. AD 138-161. Æ Sestertius (30mm, 28.22 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 144. ANTONINVS AVG PI VSP P TR P COS III, laureate head right / DES IIII, S C in exergue, Salus seated left, feeding out of patera serpent coiled around and rising from altar to left and resting elbow on rudder set on globe. RIC III 751; Banti 140. Brown patina, minor porosity on reverse. EF. Rare in this condition. Wonderful portrait. ($3000) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Künker 257 (10 October 2014), lot 8530 (hammer €6000); G. Hirsch 196 (24 September 1997), lot 744.

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622 623 622. Antoninus Pius. AD 138-161. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.34 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 148-149. ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XII, laureate head right / COS IIII, Aequitas, draped, standing left, holding scales in right hand and cornucopia in left. RIC III 177d; Strack 190δ; Calicó 1502a (same rev. die as illustration of Calicó 1502b); BMCRE 649; Biaggi 703 var. (slight drapery); Jameson –; Mazzini 239 (same rev. die). Small flan flaw on obverse. Good VF. ($3000) 623. Diva Faustina Senior. Died AD 140/1. AV Aureus (19.5mm, 7.11 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Antoninus Pius, circa AD 146-161. DIVA FAVSTINA •, draped bust right, wearing hair bound in pearls on top of her head / AVGV STA •, Ceres, veiled, standing left, holding torch in right hand and scepter in left. RIC III 356 (Pius); Beckmann dies df45/CA2; Calicó 1763. Toned, scratch on obverse. VF. ($2000)

624. Diva Faustina Senior. Died AD 140/1. AV Aureus (18mm, 6.76 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Antoninus Pius, circa AD 146-161. DIVΛ FΛVSTINΛ, draped bust right, wearing hair bound in pearls on top of her head / C E RES, Ceres, veiled, draped, standing left, holding two grain ears downward in right hand and vertical lighted torch in left. RIC III 378 (Pius); Beckmann dies df78/CC10 (unlisted die combination); Strack 456 (Pius); Calicó 1772a; BMCRE 459 (Pius); Biaggi 815 (same obv. die); Jameson –; Mazzini 135 (same rev. die). Lightly toned, die break on obverse. Good VF. ($3000)

Empress and Goddess

625. Diva Faustina Senior. Died AD 140/1. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.20 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Antoninus Pius, circa AD 147-150. DIVA FAVSTINA, draped bust right, wearing hair coiled atop head and bound in pearls / AVGV STA, Ceres standing left, holding torch in each hand. RIC III 357a (Pius); Beckmann dies df38/CB27; Strack 471α (Pius); Calicó 1758b; BMCRE 403 (Pius) var. (breaks in rev. legend); Biaggi 807-8; Jameson –; Mazzini 75* (same obv. die). Lustrous. EF. Struck with fine style dies. ($7500) Ex Continental Collection (Triton XX, 10 January 2017), lot 750; Spink Numismatic Circular CV.4 (May 1997), no. 2129. Born into an aristocratic Roman senatorial family of Spanish descent, Annia Galeria Faustina was distantly related to the Emperor Hadrian. In about AD 115, she married Titus Fulvius Antoninus, a respected Senator, and through her connections he was drawn into Hadrian’s inner circle and eventually chosen as his successor, achieving the throne in AD 138. Faustina was acclaimed Augusta, or Empress, and Antoninus honored her extensively on the coinage. Her vivacity and compassion for the poor made her popular with the Roman people. Her distinctive hairstyle, with a tight coil atop her head, was adopted by women throughout the Empire. Only two years into the reign, Faustina died of an unknown illness. The grief-stricken Antoninus secured her deification and issued an immense coinage in her name, the largest for any Roman woman to that point. This attractive aureus falls into the posthumous series.

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Remarkable Aurelius and Verus Bronze

626. Marcus Aurelius. AD 161-180. Æ Sestertius (33mm, 26.47 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 162. IMP CAES M AVREL ANTONINVS AVG P M, laureate head right / CONCORD AVGVSTOR TR P XVI, S C across field, COS III in exergue, Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus standing vis-à-vis, clasping right hands, each holding volumen (scroll). RIC III 826; MIR 18, 30-6/30; Banti 34; BMCRE 1009-10. Natural light green patina with small areas of brown. Superb EF. Attractive for type. ($7500)

Armenian Reference Coin

627. Marcus Aurelius. AD 161-180. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.28 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 164. • M • ΛNTONINVS ΛVG ΛRMEN P M, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / TR P XVIII • IMP II COS III, ΛRMEN in exergue, Armenia, wearing cloak and breeches to ankles, and pointed cap on head, seated left on ground, in attitude of mourning, propping head on right hand, right elbow bent and resting on knee, left hand on bow and quiver to right; trophy behind and to the right. RIC III 86 (same rev. die as illustration); MIR 18, 89-2/37; Calicó 1813 (same obv. die as illustration); BMCRE 278 (same dies); Biaggi 838 (same obv. die); Jameson –; Mazzini 11 (same obv. die). Lustrous, a few shallow scratches on reverse. EF. Fine style dies. Rare. ($10,000) 157


628. Marcus Aurelius. AD 161-180. Æ Sestertius (30mm, 21.30 g, 11h). Rome mint. Struck AD 168. Laureate head right / Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm frond. RIC III 959; MIR 18, 169-6/30; Banti 440. Attractive brown surfaces. VF. ($400) Ex Thomas Bentley Cederlind Estate (Classical Numismatic Group 102, 18 May 2016), lot 995; Peus 378 (28 April 2004), lot 661.

629. Marcus Aurelius. AD 161-180. AR Denarius (18.5mm, 3.70 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 172. Laureate head right / Victory seated left, holding patera and palm frond. RIC III 258; MIR 18, 234-4/30; RSC 277. Toned, die break on reverse, some deposits. EF. ($300)

630. Faustina Junior. Augusta, AD 147-175. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.41 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck under Antoninus Pius, AD 147-150. FAVSTINA AVG PII AVG FIL, draped bust right / CONCORDIA, dove, with wings folded, standing right on ground line. RIC III 503a (Pius); Strack 489; Calicó 2045a (same dies as illustration); BMCRE 1089 (Pius); Biaggi 923; Jameson 137; Mazzini 61. Toned. EF. ($5000)

631. Lucius Verus. AD 161-169. AV Aureus (19mm, 6.85 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 161. IMP CΛES L ΛVREL VERVS ΛVG, laureate head right / CONCORDIΛE ΛVGVSTOR TR P, COS II in exergue, Lucius Verus and Marcus Aurelius, togate, standing vis-à-vis, clasping hands, each holding a volumen. RIC III 451; MIR 18, 15-12/30; Calicó 2112; BMCRE 32 note; Biaggi 450 var. (draped and cuirassed); Jameson –; Mazzini 44 var. (bare head). Scratches in field on obverse. Near EF. Lustrous. ($5000) 158


632. Lucius Verus. AD 161-169. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.41 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 161. Bareheaded and cuirassed bust right / Providentia standing left, holding globe and cornucopia. RIC III 463 var. (bust type); MIR 18, 22-14/15; RSC 144b. In NGC encapsulation 4284627-004, graded MS, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 4/5. ($500)

Apparently Unique Transitional Sestertius

633. Lucius Verus. AD 161-169. Æ Sestertius (32.5mm, 22.77 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 161. IMP CAESAR L AVRELIVS VERVS AVG, bareheaded, draped, and cuirassed bust right / TR POT COS II, S C in exergue, Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus seated left on sella castrensis set on platform; below, on left, officer standing left, holding baton and spear. RIC III 1307 var. (shorter obv. legend); MIR 18, 13-16/17 var. (same); Banti 106 var. (same). Brown patina, a rough patch on reverse. Good VF. Medallic high relief portrait. Apparently unique. ($500) From the Rye Collection. The longer obverse legend was used only in the first emission, according to Szaivert, in MIR 18. He does not list this reverse legend and type until the second emission. Thus, this is likely from the very first phase of the second emission, as it still retains the obverse legend of the first emission.

Armenian Reference Issue

634. Lucius Verus. AD 161-169. AV Aureus (19.5mm, 7.27 g, 5h). Rome mint. Struck AD 163. • L • VERVS ΛVG ΛRMENIΛCVS, bareheaded, draped, and cuirassed bust right / TR P III • IMP II COS II, ΛRMEN in exergue, Armenia, wearing cloak and breeches to ankles, and pointed cap, seated left, on ground, in attitude of mourning, propping head on right hand, right elbow bent and resting on right knee, left hand on bow and quiver; to right, behind her, trophy. RIC III 499; MIR 18, 61-12/17; Calicó 2103; BMCRE 236 (same obv. die as BMCRE 233); Biaggi –; Jameson –; Mazzini –. Lightly toned. Good VF. ($7500)

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Rare and Impressive Medallion Sol Guided by Lucifer

635. Commodus. AD 177-192. Æ Medallion (41mm, 69.60 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 190-191. M COMMODVS ANTONINVS PIVS FELIX AVG BRIT, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / COS VI P P in exergue, Sol, holding whip in right hand and reins in left, driving quadriga up a bank of clouds; to upper left, trace of Zodiac band; to upper right, half-length figure of Lucifer (the Morning Star) right, holding torch in both hands; to lower right, Tellus (Earth) reclining left, raising right hand and holding cornucopia in left, with fruits(?) at her side. Gnecchi pl. 78, 4; MIR 18, 1149-1/37; cf. Banti 31/32 (for obv./rev.); Froehner p. 137 var. (bust type); Cohen 70 var. (same). Good VF, brown and green patina, minor roughness. A highly interesting type. Very rare. ($15,000) Ex Triton III (1 December 1999), lot 1106. The scene on the reverse was previously used as a medallic type under Antoninus Pius (Gnecchi pl. 50, 6). A circa 2nd century AD bronze phalera discovered in 1732 on the Palatine Hill (LIMC [Tellus], no. 39 = Tocci pl. LXVIII, D) also features a near identical scene, but includes the inscription “INVENTORI LVCIS SOLI INVICTO AVGVSTO” in two lines (this is among the earliest known references to Sol Invictus). The association between the “invincible” sun and the emperor would frequently be stressed throughout the 3rd century AD, but this medallion and the above mentioned pieces demonstrate that such an assimilation was being explored during the 2nd century AD. Here we see the sun god beginning his daily journey, ascending into the heavens with the guidance of Lucifer, son of Eos (dawn). It stresses Sol’s role in the cycle of life, death, and rebirth, and the dependence of earth on the sun’s life-giving powers. Naturally, an emperor would desire to be associated with a deity who was so essential to the functioning of the universe. As medallions such as this were often presented during New Year’s celebrations, it was perhaps intended to underscore the welfare that the emperor would bring to the earth in the coming year (Toynbee p. 93). Lucifer (“light-bringer”), the equivalent of the Greek Phosphoros, was the personification of the planet Venus as the morning star. In the book of Isaiah (14:12), the prophet refers to the King of Babylon as a “shining one, son of the morning,” who has fallen from heaven (an obvious parallel to Satan’s fall from heaven). The Hebrew word for “shining one” (helel) was translated into Latin as Lucifer, and the name has since become synonymous with the Devil.

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Calicó Plate Coin

636. Septimius Severus. AD 193-211. AV Aureus (20mm, 7.06 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 193-194. IMP CAE • L • SE V • PERT AVG, laureate head right / VICT • AVG T R P COS, Victory, winged, draped, advancing left, holding up wreath in right hand and palm frond cradled in left arm. RIC IV 22; Calicó 2546 (this coin illustrated); BMCRE 27-29; Biaggi 1107 (same dies as illustration); Jameson –; Mazzini 681. Underlying luster. Near EF. ($10,000) Ex Nomisma 55 (4 April 2017), lot 109 (hammer €20,000).

Unrecorded Legionary Aureus

637. Septimius Severus. AD 193-211. AV Aureus (20mm, 7.17 g, 12h). Legionary series. Rome mint. Struck AD 193. IMP CAE · L · SEP · SE-V · PERT · AVG, laureate head right / LEG IIII FL, legionary aquila between two signa, TR P COS in exergue. Unpublished as an aureus, but cf. RIC IV 8 for denarius of this type. Scratches and edge marks from prior mount. VF. Apparently unique. ($3000) Ex Phil Peck (“Morris”) Collection; Peus 284 (9 December 1974), lot 990. Legio IV (or IIII) Flavia Felix (”Lucky Flavian”) was raised circa AD 70 by Vespasian, using a core of veterans of the Legio IV Macedonica, which had been disbanded due to its poor performance during the AD 69 Batavian Revolt. The new legion’s symbol was a lion. IV Flavia Felix was stationed in Moesia Superior and eventually settled at a permanent fortress at Singidunum (modern Belgrade, Serbia) on the Danube, from whence detachments fought in Domitian’s and Trajan’s Dacian campaigns. Legio IV was one of the first units to declare for Septimius Severus when he made his bid for the throne in April AD 193, and it was among the units honored for loyalty on his initial coinage of that year. According to Cassius Dio (LXVI, 56, 7), Severus paid an accession donative of 250 silver denarii per soldier; it may be supposed that the legionary coins were minted for this occasion and that officers were paid this amount in gold (10 aurei), accounting for the relative rarity of gold to silver in legionary issues. In AD 195, Severus placed his brother-in-law C. Julius Avitus Alexianus, husband of Julia Maesa, in command of Legio IV. The “Felix Legion” named in the popular film “Gladiator” was apparently based on IV Flavia Felix, although the legion’s banners in the film show a lion and the numeral III (there was no actual “III Felix”). While rare silver denarii naming IV Flavia Felix are known (RIC 8, RSC 264), this legionary aureus is apparently unique.

638. Septimius Severus. AD 193-211. AV Aureus (20mm, 7.47 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 205. SEVERVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right / P M TR P XIII COS III P P, Jupiter, naked, except for cloak over arm, standing front, head left, holding thunderbolt in right hand and scepter, nearly vertical, in left; at feet to left, eagle standing left, head right. RIC IV 196; Calicó 2508; BMCRE 469-70; Biaggi 1091 (same obv. die); Jameson –; Mazzini 468 (same obv. die). Underlying luster, trace deposits in hair curls. EF. Fine style dies. ($10,000)

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The Circus Maximus

639. Caracalla. AD 198-217. Æ Sestertius (31mm, 27.88 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 213. M AVREL ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate and cuirassed bust right / P M TR P XVI IMP II above, COS IIII P P/ S C in two lines in exergue, The Circus Maximus: the front consists of an arcade of eighteen arches and a large arch on right; just behind on left, driver and quadriga right on arch, uncertain objects left and right of spina, three quadrigae driving left, spectators in gallery; in background, on left, temple, colonnade of three tiers of arches, in which is a quadriga. RIC IV 500b; Banti 47; BMCRE 251 var. (bust type; same rev. die); Mazzini 236* var. (number of arches in arcade). Green patina, hairline flan crack, some minor smoothing. Near VF. Rare. ($3000) The Circus Maximus, perhaps the second greatest monument built for the benefit of Rome’s citizens after the famed Flavian Amphitheatre (Colosseum), was restored by Trajan in AD 103. It is portrayed on this coin as seen from the Forum Boarium, and interestingly depicts the spina (the central area adorned with monuments and around which the chariots raced) at a right angle from its actual orientation.

640. Severus Alexander. AD 222-235. AV Aureus (21mm, 6.12 g, 12h). Rome mint. 2nd emission, Late AD 222. IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / MARTI PA CIFERO, Mars, helmeted, in military dress, standing front, head left, holding olive branch in right hand and reversed vertical spear in left. RIC IV 159; Calicó 3075b (same rev. die as illustration); BMCRE 67; Biaggi 1315; Jameson –; Mazzini 173 var. (not cuirassed). Lustrous. EF. ($7500)

641. Severus Alexander. AD 222-235. AV Aureus (20mm, 6.34 g, 5h). Rome mint. 6th emission, AD 226. IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, laureate and draped bust right / P M TR P V COS II P P, Mars, helmeted, naked except for cloak floating out left and right, advancing right, holding spear pointing transversely up in right hand and trophy over left shoulder in left hand.. RIC IV 52 (bust type c); Calicó 3105; BMCRE 352 var. (bust type); Biaggi 1325 var. (same; same rev. die); Jameson –; Mazzini 280v. (same dies). Lustrous, minor flan flaw on reverse. Near EF. ($5000)

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642 643 642. Gordian I. AD 238. AR Denarius (19.5mm, 3.15 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck 1-22 April AD 238. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Roma seated left on throne, holding Victory and scepter; oval shield below throne. RIC IV 4; BMCRE 8-9; RSC 8. Lightly toned. Good VF. ($2000) 643. Gordian II. AD 238. AR Denarius (20mm, 3.25 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck 1-22 April. IMP M ANT GORDIANVS AFR AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / PROVIDENTIA AVGG, Providentia, draped, standing left, legs crossed, holding wand over globe set on ground to left and cradling cornucopia in left arm and leaning on column. RIC IV 1; BMCRE 19-20; RSC 5. Small flan flaw and dig on obverse, spot of toning on reverse. Good VF. Rare. ($3000)

644

645

644. Balbinus. AD 238. AR Denarius (20.5mm, 3.16 g, 6h). Rome mint. 1st emission. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Balbinus standing left, holding branch and parazonium. RIC IV 5; BMCRE 26-7 var. (break in rev. legend); RSC 20. Toned, some verdigris. VF. ($400) 645. Balbinus. AD 238. Æ Sestertius (31mm, 21.78 g, 1h). Rome mint. 1st emission. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Concordia seated left on throne, holding patera and double cornucopia. RIC IV 22; BMCRE 18-20; Banti 1. Green surfaces, traces of earthen deposits, minor flan flaw on obverse. VF. ($750) From the TS Collection.

646. Pupienus. AD 238. AR Denarius (21mm, 2.54 g, 12h). Rome mint. 1st emission. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Pax seated left, holding olive branch and scepter. RIC IV 4; BMCRE 46-7; RSC 22. Toned, slightly granular surfaces, some shallow cleaning scratches. Near EF. Artistic portrait. ($500)

647. Gordian III. AD 238-244. AV Aureus (21mm, 5.13 g, 6h). Rome mint, 1st officina. 3rd emission, mid AD 239. IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / AEQVITAS AVG, Aequitas standing left, holding scales in right hand and cradling cornucopia in left arm. RIC IV 40; Calicó 3183; Biaggi 1349; Jameson –; Mazzini –. A few faint scratches, traces of deposits on reverse. Near EF. ($4000) 163


648. Gordian III. AD 238-244. AV Aureus (20mm, 4.68 g, 12h). Rome mint, 6th officina. 7th emission, AD 240. IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / P M TR P III COS P P, Gordian III, in military dress, on horseback left, raising right hand, holding scepter in left. RIC IV 80; Calicó 3220; Biaggi –; Jameson –; Mazzini –. Toned, much luster remaining. Near EF. ($4000)

649. Gordian III. AD 238-244. AV Aureus (20mm, 5.17 g, 6h). Rome mint, 5th officina. Special emission, AD 241. IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / P M TR P IIII COS II P P, Apollo, naked to waist, seated left, holding olive branch in right hand and resting left elbow on lyre set on seat. RIC IV 102; Calicó 3221; Biaggi 1366; Jameson –; Mazzini 249 (same rev. die); NAC 98, lot 1350 (same dies). Lustrous. EF. Fine style. ($5000)

Farnese Hercules

650. Gordian III. AD 238-244. Aureus (20mm, 5.29 g, 12h). Rome mint, 4th officina. 8th-11th emissions, AD 240243. IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / VIRTVTI AVGVSTI, Hercules, naked, standing right, resting right hand on hip and holding club set on rock in left hand; lion skin beside club. RIC IV 108; Calicó 3242; Biaggi 1373-4; Jameson –; Mazzini 401. Lustrous. EF. ($5000) This reverse type copies a famed Greek bronze sculpture dating to the 4th century BC, generally thought to be the work of the artist Lysippus. It depicts a weary Hercules after completing his Labors: he is shown leaning on his club, draped with the skin of the Nemean Lion and set upright on a rock, and he holds the Apples of the Hesperides behind his back in his right hand. Like many other masterpieces of Greek art, Lysippus’ sculpture was widely copied by the Romans. The most famous copy of this particular work is the marble Farnese Hercules, discovered in the excavations of the Baths of Caracalla in 1546. It stood for over 200 years in the Palazzo Farnese in Rome, from whence it gained its name, and was moved to Naples in 1787, where it is now displayed in the Museo Archeologico Nazionale.

651 652 651. Philip I. AD 244-249. Æ Sestertius (29.5mm, 19.14 g, 12h). Rome mint, 4th officina. 1st emission, AD 244. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Salus standing left, holding rudder set on globe and feeding serpent rising from altar at left. RIC IV 187a corr. (rudder not scepter); Banti 55 corr. (same). Dark gray-brown patina. Near EF. Attractive surfaces. Excellent portrait. ($500) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 84 (5 May 2010), lot 1252.

652. Otacilia Severa. Augusta, AD 244-249. Æ Sestertius (31mm, 18.69 g, 12h). Ludi Saeculares (Secular Games) issue, for the 1000th anniversary of Rome. Rome mint, 4th officina. 10th emission, AD 249. Draped bust right, wearing stephane / Cippus. RIC IV 202a; Banti 15. Even green-brown patina, some brassy highlights, light smoothing. Good VF. ($500) From the Midwest Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 69 (8 June 2005), lot 1473; New York Sale II (2 December 1999), lot 322; Numismatica Ars Classica I (19 May 1999), lot 2261.

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653. Philip II. As Caesar, AD 244-247. Æ Sestertius (28mm, 21.55 g, 12h). Rome mint, 3rd officina. 4th emission, AD 245. Bareheaded and draped bust right / Philip II standing right, holding spear and globe. RIC IV 255a; Banti 10. Handsome brown patina. Near EF. Excellent surfaces and wonderful portrait. ($500) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 84 (5 May 2010), lot 1291.

Extremely Rare Jotapian

654. Jotapian. Usurper, circa AD 248-249. Antoninianus (21.5mm, 3.04 g, 12h). Nicopolis in Seleucia mint. IM C M F R IOTAPIANVS A, radiate and cuirassed bust right / VICT OR I A AV G, Victory, winged, draped, advancing left, holding wreath in right hand and palm frond in left. RIC IV 2a var. (obv. legend); Bland 13a/5a (Obv. die VII/Rev. die iv); RSC 1a var. (same). Brown surfaces, thick encrustation on obverse, flan crack. Near VF. Extremely rare. ($5000) Jotapian led a short-lived revolt in Syria in the autumn of AD 249 while Philip I was still emperor. Little is known of Jotapian’s background. It was said that he boasted of a relationship to Severus Alexander, and his unusual name, although otherwise unknown for a man, is attested in its feminine form “Jotape” in the royal houses of Commagene and Emesa. The extreme rarity of his coins indicates that the revolt was brief, and the crude style proves that the revolt was geographically confined, for Jotapian plainly did not control a major Roman mint. His head was brought to Rome and shown to Trajan Decius “as was customary, although Decius had not asked for it” (Aur. Vict., Caes. 29.4). In his corpus of Jotapian’s coins, Bland cites 18 antoniniani in total.

655. Probus. AD 276-282. Quinarius (16mm, 1.41 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 281-282. Laureate and cuirassed bust right / Probus standing right, holding transverse spear and globe. RIC V 280; Pink VI/1, p. 59; King 24. Brown patina. Good VF. Rare. ($500) From the TS Collection. Ex Lanz 123 (30 May 2005), lot 840.

SISCIA PROBI AVG

656. Probus. AD 276-282. Antoninianus (21.5mm, 2.86 g, 12h). Siscia mint, 4th officina. 4th emission, AD 277. IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / SISCIA PROBI AVG, Siscia seated facing, head left, between two river gods (Savus and Colapis), holding diadem in her hands. RIC V 765; Alföldi, Siscia V 69.4; Pink VI/1, p. 51. In NGC encapsulation 4529310-015, graded AU, Strike: 4/5, Surface: 3/5, silvering. Very rare. ($750) Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 100 (29 May 2017), lot 591.

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657. Diocletian. AD 284-305. AR Argenteus (19mm, 3.20 g, 12h). Rome mint. 1st emission, circa AD 294. Laureate head right / Four tetrarchs sacrificing over tripod before city enclosure with six turrets. RIC VI 27a; Jeločnik 40b; RSC 516†a. Lovely iridescent cabinet toning over lustrous surfaces. EF. Well struck from fresh dies. A fabulous coin! ($500) Ex Peus 271 (25 November 1969), lot 396. Circa AD 293, Diocletian and his imperial colleagues introduced a new coin of good silver the same size and weight as the Neronian denarius struck 230 years earlier. The new coin, apparently called the argenteus nummus, was a critical part of Diocletian’s plan to restore confidence in the economy and government. The new silver piece was issued with the names and portraits of all four rulers of the First Tetrarchy—the senior emperors (Augusti) Diocletian and Maximianus, and the junior emperors (Caesars) Galerius and Constantius Chlorus. Rendered in the “hard” artistic style of the time, the portraits appear very similar, emphasizing the government’s unity, although there are subtle differences that distinguish the four rulers. Reverses stressed the Empire’s new status as a secure fortress under permanent siege, showing either the four Tetrarchs sacrificing before a circuit of walls, or a military camp gate surmounted by turrets. The argenteus was struck at mints throughout the Empire, with the mint cities sometimes indicated by a letter or letters on the reverse.

Domitius Domitianus Usurper in Egypt

658. Domitius Domitianus. Usurper, AD 297-298. Æ Follis (26.5mm, 9.84 g, 12h). Alexandria mint, 1st officina. Struck May-August AD 297. IMP C L DOMITIVS DOMITIANVS AVG, laureate head right / GENIO POPV L I ROMANI, Genius standing left, wearing modius on head, naked but for chlamys over shoulder, holding patera from which liquor flows and cornucopia; at feet to left, eagle standing left, head right; -|A//ALE. RIC VI 20; Staffieri, Alexandria In Nummis 263. Brown patina, some shallow cleaning marks. Near EF. Wonderful portrait. Rare. ($3000)

Valens the Usurper

659. Valens. Usurper, AD 316-317. Æ Follis (22mm, 3.49 g, 12h). Alexandria mint, 2nd officina. IMP C AVR VAL VALENS P F AVG, laureate head right / IOVI CONSE RVATORI AVG, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe and scepter; to left, eagle standing right, holding wreath in its beak; K|(wreath)/X/B//ALE. RIC VII 19 var. (officina); M&M AG 92, lot 302 = M&M AG 86, 207 (same dies). Brown patina, light roughness. VF. Extremely rare. ($7500) After Licinius was defeated by Constantine in AD 316 at the battle of Cibalae (in present-day Croatia) Licinius elevated Valens, one of his generals who had been responsible for the Dacian frontier, to the position of Augustus. This enraged Constantine with the result that after he established a peace treaty with Licinius, in which three of their sons became Caesar, Valens was not only deposed but executed on the orders of Licinius. Valens’ coinage, which was not very abundant to begin with (it is only known from the mints of Cyzicus and Alexandria), was recalled and melted down after his deposition, thus explaining its great rarity today.

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660. Constantine I. AD 307/310-337. AV Solidus (17mm, 4.54 g, 6h). Treveri (Trier) mint. Struck 25 July AD 310. CONSTAN TINVS P F AVG, laureate head right / VBIQVE VI CTOR, Constantine, laureate, draped, in military dress, standing right, holding transverse spear in right hand and globe in left; to left and right, captive seated in attitude of mourning; PTR. RIC VI 816; Alföldi 512; Depeyrot 15/8; Biaggi 2001 (same dies); Jameson –; Mazzini 565 var. (mintmark). Some minor flan flaws on obverse, a few light marks. EF. Rare. ($5000)

Superb Pedigreed Constantine

661. Constantine I. AD 307/310-337. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.45 g, 6h). Tricennalia issue. Nicomedia mint, 2nd officina. Struck AD 335. CONSTANTI NVS MAX AVG, rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, viewed from front / VICTORIA CONSTANTINI AVG, Victory seated right on shield and cuirass, holding wreath or shield enclosing VOT/ XXX in two lines; wreath supported from underneath by winged Genius standing left: SMNC. RIC VII 178; Alföldi 616; Depeyrot 44/2; Biaggi 2017 var. (officina); Jameson –; Mazzini 615/a var. (same). Lustrous, a few faint hairlines in the field on obverse, traces of deposits. Superb EF. Exceptional strike from fresh dies. ($15,000) Ex Dr. Klaus Berthold [“Friend of the Romans”] Collection (Munzen und Medaillen AG 92, 22 November 2002), lot 304; Munzen und Medaillen AG FPL 573 (March 1994), no. 53; Munzen & Medaillen AG FPL 566 (June 1993), no. 35; Numismatic Fine Arts XXIX (13 August 1992), lot 438. Constantine I “the Great” was one of only three Roman Emperors to ever celebrate a Tricennalia marking 30 years of rule, an event celebrated by the issuance of this gold solidus type from the mint of Nicomedia in AD 335. Constantine had completely revolutionized the Roman world during his long and eventful reign, reunifying the empire after decades of internal division, moving the imperial capital to his own city Constantinople (the renamed Byzantium), and, most importantly, changing Christianity from a small, persecuted sect to the most favored religion of a huge multinational state. Even the visual iconography of coinage saw radical change: Here Constantine adopts an elaborate jeweled diadem in place of the former simple wreath worn by Roman rulers, and his long, carefully arranged hair presages the coiffeurs of medieval kings to come. However, Constantine was at pains to show some adherence to Roman tradition: The figure of Victory accompanied by a small winged Genius on the reverse does show continuity with the pagan past.

Rare Constans Miliarense Ex Peck and Benz Collections

662. Constans. AD 337-350. AR Light Miliarense (25mm, 4.20 g, 6h). Thessalonica mint. Struck AD 342. Rosettediademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Constans standing facing in military dress, holding vexillum and shield; TES. RIC VIII 91; RSC 115d. Toned, light scratch on obverse. Near EF. Very rare. ($1500) Ex Phil Peck (“Morris”) Collection; Leo Benz Collection (Lanz 100, 20 November 2000), lot 564, purchased from Bankhaus H. Aufhäuser, December 1991. This rare silver miliarense was struck at the Macedonian mint of Thessalonica circa AD 342 to celebrate military successes against the Sarmatians and Franks. The reverse depicts Constans in full armor, along with the grandiose legend “Conqueror of the Barbarian Peoples.”

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663. Constantius II. AD 337-361. AV Nine Siliqua – 1½ Scripulum (15mm, 1.76 g, 11h). Thessalonica(?) mint. Struck AD 350-355. Pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Victory seated right on cuirass, supporting on knee a shield inscribed VOT/ XXX/ MVLT/ XXXX in four lines; to right, a small winged genius left supports the shield; TES(?). RIC VIII 157 (nine-siliqua piece); Depeyrot 10/5 (fraction of 1.5 scrupule). Roughness, metal flaws, doubling, scrape on reverse and edge, slight wave to flan. Good VF. Very rare. ($1000)

664. Constantius II. AD 337-361. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.45 g, 5h). Vicennalia issue. Antioch mint, 9th officina. Struck AD 347-355. Pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Roma seated facing and Constantinopolis seated slightly left on double throne, each holding scepter and supporting shield between them inscribed VOT/ XX/ MVLT/ XXX in four lines; SMANΘ. RIC VIII 83; Depeyrot 6/3. Lustrous, a few minor marks on reverse. EF. ($1500)

665. Julian II. AD 360-363. AR Siliqua (17.5mm, 2.10 g, 11h). Arelate (Arles) mint, 3rd officina. Struck AD 360-361. Pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / VOTIS/ V/ MVLTIS/ X within wreath; TCON. RIC VIII 295; Ferrando 1377; RSC 161†. Iridescent tone. EF. ($300) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 106 (13 September 2017), lot 837; 1887 East Harptree, Somerset Hoard (IRBCH 1424).

666. Julian II. AD 360-363. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.53 g, 6h). Sirmium mint. Struck AD 361-363. FL CL IVLIA NVS P P AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / VIRTVS EXERCI TVS ROMANORVM, soldier, helmeted and in military dress, standing facing, head left, placing right hand on head of kneeling captive to left, holding trophy over left shoulder; *SIRMե. RIC VIII 96; Depeyrot 21/1; Biaggi 2219; Jameson 380; Mazzini 78/a. Toned, a few minor marks and one tiny rim nick. EF. ($7500)

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667. Valentinian I. AD 364-375. AR Siliqua (16mm, 1.98 g, 6h). Rome mint, 3rd officina. Struck AD 364-367. Pearldiademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / VOT/ V/ MV•LT/ X in four lines within wreath; RT. RIC IX 10a.2; RSC 70†f. Toned. EF. ($300) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 106 (13 September 2017), lot 844; 1887 East Harptree, Somerset Hoard (IRBCH 1424).

668 669 668. Valens. AD 364-378. AV Solidus (20.5mm, 4.45 g, 12h). Rome mint, 2nd officina. Struck AD 364. Pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Valens standing right, holding labarum and Victory on globe; •RB(palm). RIC IX 2c.8; Depeyrot 27/2. A few shallow scratches and a small scuff on obverse, scrape on reverse. Near EF. ($1000) 669. Valens. AD 364-378. AR Siliqua (18mm, 1.85 g, 12h). Rome mint, 4th officina. Struck AD 364-367. Pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Roma seated left on throne, holding Victory on globe and scepter; R Q. RIC IX 11b.2; RSC 109†e. Find patina. EF. ($300) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 106 (13 September 2017), lot 849; 1887 East Harptree, Somerset Hoard (IRBCH 1424).

670. Gratian. AD 367-383. AR Heavy Miliarense (25.5mm, 4.65 g, 12h). Constantinople mint. Struck AD 367-375. D N GRATIA NVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / VICTORIA D N AVG, Victory standing left, holding wreath in right hand and staff surmounted by shield inscribed VOT/ V/ MVLT/ X; to left and right, seated captive; ^|-//(palm)CONSե. Cf. RIC IX 31 (for a similar issue of Valentian I); cf. RSC 53B (same). Deeply toned, find patina, small flan crack. Near EF. Extremely rare. ($3000)

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Alföldi Plate Coin Ex Mabbott and Martinetti Collections Pedigreed to 1907

671. Contorniates. Late 4th century AD. Æ Contorniate (37.5mm, 26.98 g, 10h). DIVVS AVGVSTVS PATER, laureate head of Divus Augustus right; PE monogram engraved in right field / Hunting in the amphitheater (a brick-walled circus building); within, a large tree and several smaller plants; a series of animals, all running right: two deer, one above the other, a dog below; left of the tree, a hare pursued by hunting dog above it. Alföldi, Kontorniat 122, pl. 41, 12 (this coin). Red-brown patina, some green. Good Fine. Very rare. ($2000) Ex Phil Peck (“Morris”) Collection; Harding Collection (Hans M. F. Schulman, 10 October 1972), lot 882; Thomas Ollive Mabbott Collection (Part Two, Hans M. F. Schulman, 27 October 1969), lot 4848; Francesco Martinetti Collection (Sambon & Canessa, 18 November 1907), lot 3142.

672. Theodosius II. AD 402-450. AR Light Miliarense (23.5mm, 4.26 g, 12h). Constantinople mint. Struck circa AD 408-420. Pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust left / Theodosius II, nimbate, wearing military attire and draped, standing facing, head left, gesturing with raised right hand and holding globe in left; star to left; CON. RIC X 370; RSC 20A. Lightly toned, lustrous, some doubling. Superb EF. A wonderful coin! ($1000) Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection (Gemini XIV, 18 April 2018), lot 640, purchased from Alex Malloy, March 2001.

673. Theodosius II. AD 402-450. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.42 g, 6h). Quindecennalia issue. Constantinople mint. Struck AD 415. D N THEODO SIVS P F AVG, diademed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust right, holding forward spear and shield decorated with horseman motif / GLORIA REI PVBLICAE, Roma and Constantinopolis enthroned facing, the latter with right foot on prow, each holding scepter in outer hand, holding between them a shield inscribed VOT/ XV/ MVL/ XX in four lines; star in left field; CONOB. RIC X 207; MIRB 5; Depeyrot 61/1; Biaggi –; Jameson –; Mazzini –. Lustrous. Choice EF. ($3000) Ex Phil Peck (“Morris”) Collection; Triton V (15 January 2002), lot 2215 and color plate 11. Though quite unmilitary in character, the East Roman Emperor Theodosius II is shown here armed and accoutered for battle. The profile portrait, unusual for the Constantinople mint, was produced on the occasion of the young emperor’s fifteenth anniversary in power.

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Bonifatius, Comes Africae

674. Bonifatius. Comes Africae, AD 422-431. Æ (10.5mm, 1.32 g, 6h). Carthage mint. Struck AD 423-425. DOMINO NOSTRO, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / GENT[...], cross within wreath; pellet to left and right of wreath ties. RIC X 3807 (same rev. die as photo); cf. LRBC 580 (for rev. type). VF, Brown and green patina, some red. Well struck. Extremely rare. ($2000) Bonifatius was a Roman general and comes Africae, a friend of St. Augustine and the rival of Flavius Aëtius. Beginning in AD 413, he was sent to deal with the two main Germanic tribes ravaging Rome’s western provinces – the Visigothic king Ataulf at Massilia in AD 413, and the Vandals in Spain in AD 422. Because of these successes, Bonifatius appears to have been appointed comes Africae shortly thereafter. Upon the death of Honorius in AD 423, Joannes, the primicerius notariorum, seized power in the west. While the remaining provinces acknowledged Joannes as emperor, Bonifatius refused to do so, and prevented African grain shipments from reaching Rome. When Joannes was overthrown and Valentinian III, the son of Honorius’s sister Galla Placidia, was installed as Roman emperor in the west by Theodosius II, Bonifatius supported him, resuming the grain supply. Aëtius’ political intrigues against Bonifatius, however, produced disastrous results, not only for Bonifatius, but also for the empire. Under the influence of Aëtius, Galla Placidia became suspicious of Bonifatius’ intentions, going so far as to accuse the comes of treason. Refusing to surrender and face execution, Bonifatius sought the assistance of the Vandal king, Genseric, and offered him the right to settle in Africa in return for providing mercenaries for a possible war with the empress. Genseric agreed and the entire Vandalic people migrated across from Spain to settle in Africa. At the same time, however, Bonifatius had returned to imperial favor. No longer requiring mercenaries, he informed Genseric that the Vandals should return to Spain. Angered by this rejection, the Vandals attacked and pursued Bonifatius to the province’s capital, Hippo Regius, in AD 430. There, they conducted a year-long siege of the city, during which time St. Augustine, bishop of the city, perished. Bonifatius, along with a large portion of the citizens, was able to flee to Italy, leaving Africa under the rule of the Vandals for the next century. The arrival of Bonifatius in Italy renewed the political intrigue of Aëtius, who saw his rival’s restoration to imperial favor and promotion as a sign of his own downfall. Fearing dismissal, Aëtius and his Germanic mercenaries marched against Bonifatius, meeting him at the Battle of Rimini in AD 432. Although Bonifatius won the battle, he was mortally wounded and died a few months later. The attribution of this type to Bonifatius is not certain, but hoard evidence suggests this issue was minted at Carthage, by virtue of its connection to similar issues with legends specifically naming Carthage, and belongs to the early 5th century, almost certainly before the siege of Hippo Regius in AD 430. The obverse legend sequence, moving from DOMINO NOSTRO to DOMINIS NOSTRIS, corresponds to the position of Bonifatius during the usurpation of Joannes and his support of the legitimate Roman emperors: the first legend reflects his loyalty to Theodosius II during the usurpation of Joannes in Rome, while the second demonstates his allegiance to Valentinian III, as well as Theodosius II (see RIC X, pp. 233-4).

675. Odovacar. King, AD 476-493. AR Half Siliqua (14mm, 0.76 g, 12h). In the name of Zeno. Ravenna mint. Struck AD 476-491. D N ZENO PERP F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Eagle standing right, head left, not on prow, wings spread. Cf. RIC X 3647; Ranieri 227 var. (eagle standing on prow); cf. RSC 14†; cf. MEC 1, 61 (for type). Toned, some roughness. VF. Extremely rare. ($500)

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ROMANO-BYZANTINE WEIGHTS

676. Commercial weight. 5th-7th centuries. Æ Six ounce – thirty-six solidi weight with silver inlay (40mm, 162.70 g). A thick, square, weight with three deep grooves on the edges. ΘЄY X/APIC (Grace of God) dispersed in two lines above, tetrastyle temple with central arch enclosing monogram; and two outer pediments; between columns, Γº S (value) / Blank. Cf. Bendall, Weights 63 and 66 (for similar three ounce weights) and cf. Bendall, Weights 64 (for monogram). Green patina, some earthen encrustation on edges and reverse. VF. Silver inlay fairly well preserved. ($300)

BYZANTINE COINAGE

677 678 677. Justinian I. 527-565. Æ Follis (28mm, 14.70 g, 6h). Rome mint, 1st officina. Struck 538-544. Pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Large M; star to left, cross to right; cross above; A//ROMA; all within wreath. DOC 324c; MIBE V218; SB 298. Green patina, some deposits, a few light scratches. VF. ($400) From the Johnson Family Collection. Ex Birkler & Waddell FPL 2 (March 1981), no. 50.

678. Justin II. 565-578. AV Solidus (20.5mm, 4.46 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 7th officina. Struck 567-578. Helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, beardless, and holding globe surmounted by Victory and shield / Constantinopolis seated facing on throne, head right, holding spear and globus cruciger; Z//CONOB. DOC 4f; MIBE 5; SB 345. Underlying luster, some light scratches, minor die rust on obverse, deposits on reverse. EF. ($300) From the Johnson Family Collection.

679 680 679. Phocas. 602-610. AR Siliqua (19mm, 2.25 g, 7h). Constantinople mint. Struck 602-607. Pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Cross potent between two palm fronds. DOC –; MIBE V54; SB 638A. Toned, some roughness on reverse. Good VF. Rare. ($500) 680. Heraclius, with Heraclius Constantine and Heraclonas. 610-641. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.41 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 6th officina. Dated IY 9 (635/6). Heraclonas, Heraclius, and Heraclius Constantine standing facing, each holding globus cruciger; cross above Heraclonas / Cross potent set on three steps; â to left, Θ to right; ς//CONOB. DOC 34b var. (retrograde ς); MIB 40; SB 759. Traces of deposits, minor edge scuff. EF. ($300) 172


681 682 683 681. Heraclius, with Heraclius Constantine and Heraclonas. 610-641. AV Solidus (19mm, 4.45 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 7th officina. Dated IY 9 (635/6). Heraclonas, Heraclius, and Heraclius Constantine standing facing, each holding globus cruciger; cross above Heraclonas / Cross potent set on three steps; â to left, Θ to right; Z//CONOB. DOC 34 var. (unlisted officina); MIB 40; SB 759. Graffiti on reverse. EF. ($300) 682. Heraclius, with Heraclius Constantine and Heraclonas. 610-641. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.43 g, 7h). Constantinople mint, 2nd officina. Dated IY 11 (637/8). Heraclonas, Heraclius, and Heraclius Constantine standing facing, each holding globus cruciger / Cross potent set on three steps; â to left, A to right; B//CONOB. DOC 39 var. (unlisted officina); MIB 45; SB 764. Traces of earthen deposits, “W” graffito on reverse. EF. ($300) 683. Constans II, with Constantine IV. 641-668. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.46 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 10th officina. Struck 654-659. Crowned and draped busts of Constans and Constantine facing; cross above / Cross potent set on three steps; I//CONOB. DOC 25j; MIB 26; SB 959. Traces of earthen deposits, graffito on reverse. EF. ($300)

Attractive Constantine IV Last of the Large Module Folles

684. Constantine IV Pogonatus, with Heraclius and Tiberius. 668-685. Æ Follis (34.5mm, 17.71 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 3rd officina. Struck 668-673. Cuirassed bust facing, wearing helmet with plume, holding globus cruciger / Large M between crowned and draped standing figures of Heraclius on left and Tiberius on right, each holding globus cruciger; cross above; Γ//[C] ON. DOC 28c; MIB 77; SB 1173. Green-brown patina, earthen deposits. Good VF. An attractive example. ($750) From the Johnson Family Collection, purchased from Edward J. Waddell, November 1981. The dawn of the reign of Constantine IV saw the beginning of a brave attempt at coinage reform. Under the reign of his father, Constans II, the ubiquitous bronze follis had decayed into one of the most wretched coinages ever inflicted on a people. Constantine revalued the follis, making it fully equivalent to its ancestor - the first large bronze coin issued under Anastasius I almost two hundred years earlier. Constantine was able to maintain this heavy standard throughout his seventeen year reign, but the succession of Justinian II in 685 saw the immediate revocation of this reform, and the return of the shrunken, cut-down follis of Constans.

685

686

685. Constantine IV Pogonatus, with Heraclius and Tiberius. 668-685. AV Solidus (18mm, 4.41 g, 6h). Class II. Constantinople mint, 1st officina. Struck circa 669-674. Helmeted and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear over shoulder / Cross potent set on three steps; to left and right, Heraclius and Tiberius standing facing, each holding globus cruciger; A//CONOB. DOC 6a; MIB 4C; SB 1153. Lustrous, slight bend in flan. EF. ($400) 686. Constantine IV Pogonatus, with Heraclius and Tiberius. 668-685. AV Solidus (19mm, 4.40 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 5th officina. Struck circa 674-681. Helmeted and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear and shield / Cross potent set on three steps; to left and right, Heraclius and Tiberius standing facing, each holding globus cruciger; Є//CONOB. DOC 8c; MIB 7a; SB 1154. Lustrous, edge slightly clipped. EF. ($400) 173


687. Justinian II. First reign, 685-695. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.24 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 6th officina. Struck 692-695. Bust of Christ Pantocrator facing; cross behind / Justinian standing facing, wearing crown and loros, and holding akakia and cross potent set on two steps; ς//CONOP. DOC 7e; MIB 8a; SB 1248. Minor marks, areas of flat strike. Near EF. ($1500) From the Johnson Family Collection, purchased from Edward Gans (NFA), 6 July 1966.

688 689 688. Nicephorus I, with Stauracius. 802-811. AV Solidus (18mm, 4.40 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 803-811. Crowned facing bust of Nicephorus, wearing chlamys, holding cross potent and akakia; without • at beginning of legend / Crowned facing bust of Stauracius, wearing chlamys, holding globus cruciger and akakia; X at end of legend. DOC 2c.2, 5, 7; Füeg 2.A.2; SB 1604. Area of slight flatness of strike, scuff at edge on obverse. EF. ($500) 689. Basil I the Macedonian. 867-886. AR Miliaresion (24.5mm, 2.89 g, 12h). Constantinople mint. Struck 868-879. Cross potent set on three steps; globus below / + ЬASI/LIOS CЄ/COҺSTAҺ/TIҺ’ PISTV/ЬASILIS/ROMЄO’ in six lines. DOC 7; SB 1708. Attractive old cabinet tone. EF. ($300) From the Johnson Family Collection. Ex Miguel Munoz Collection (Part II, Superior, 4 June 1979), lot 1650.

690. Constantine IX Monomachus. 1042-1055. PB Seal (34mm, 33.45 g, 12h). [+Є]MMA [NO]VHΛ, bust of Christ Pantokrator facing; IC XC flanking / Half-length bust of Constantine IX facing, wearing crown with cross and pendilia, divitision, and loros; holding cruciform scepter in right hand and globus cruciger in left. BLS I 79b var. (rev. legend). Graybrown patina. VF. ($500)

691. Constantine IX Monomachus. 1042-1055. AV Histamenon Nomisma (28mm, 4.38 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 1046-1049. Christ Pantokrator enthroned facing / Crowned bust of Constantine facing, holding labarum and globus cruciger. DOC 2a; Füeg II 2.A; SB 1829. Traces of deposits. EF. ($750) From the Iconodule Collection. Ex Leu Numismatik Web Auction 3 (25 February 2018), lot 1190.

174


692 693 692. John Comnenus. Curopalates and domesticos of the Scholai of the Occident, 1057-1067. PB Seal (33mm, 22.21 g, 12h). O/ A/ΓI/O/C down left, Γ/Є/ωP/ΓI/OC down right, St. George, nimbate, holding spear in right hand across his chest and over his shoulder and holding round shield decorated with pellets with left hand / +KЄROHΘ,/ Tω Cω ΔYΛω/ Iω KOPOΠAΛ,T,/S ΔOMЄCTIKω/ TωN CXOΛωN/ THC ΔVCAIOC/ Tω KOMN[H]/–Nω–. BLS I 2681bis a; cf. DOCBS I 1.18. Gray-brown patina, scuff on reverse at edge. Near VF. ($500) John Comnenus was the brother of the emperor Isaac I and the father of the emperor Alexius I. This seal must date to after 1057, when Isaac ascended the throne and elevated John to the rank of curopalates (a title conferred primarily on members of the imperial family). The year he was appointed domesticos of the Scholai of the Occident is uncertain.

693. Michael VII Ducas. 1071-1078. PB Seal (32mm, 28.95 g, 12h). Barred IC XC across field, Christ Pantokrator seated facing on ornate throne / + MI[X]AH AVOT KOAT, PωMNO ΔYK, Michael standing facing, wearing crown, divitision, and loros, holding labarum in right hand and globus cruciger in left. BLS I 95c-d var. (rev. legend). Gray-brown patina, wave in flan. Good VF. ($500)

694

695

694. Joannes. Eparch and proedros, late 11th-early 12th century. PB Seal (32mm, 23.72 g, 12h). + CΦPAΓIC ЄΠAPX± S ΠPOЄΔPOV TVΓXANω, facing bust of St. Mark; ò/M/A/P to left, K/O/N to right / IωANNOV RЄΛTICTЄ TOV ZHPωNΓЄNOVC, facing bust of St. John Chrysostom; ò/IωO to left, %/CO/CT/M to right. BLS –; DOCBS –; Seyrig –; Vatican –; Orghidan –; Jordanov –. Earthen brown patina, scrapes. Near VF. ($300) 695. Theodora Doukaina Palaiologina. Wife of Michael VIII, 1253-1282. PB Seal (36mm, 24.48 g, 6h). +ЄMMA NOVHΛ, Christ Pantokrator standing facing; barred IC XC flanking / ЄOΔω/PA ЄV/CЄBЄ/≠ATH/YΓY/≠A down left, ΔY/KAI/NAH/ ΠAΛ[AI]/OΛO.../HN/A, Theodora standing facing, wearing crown with pendilia, divitision, and loros, right hand placed before breast in supplication, holding lotus scepter in left hand. Cf. BLS I 122 (for rev. type). Gray-brown patina. VF. Detailed image of the empress. ($500)

Second Known

696. Michael VIII Palaeologus, with Andronicus II. 1261-1282. AR Trachy (24.5mm, 1.72 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Celebrating the coronation of Andronicus II, 1272. O/Є/Δ/Φ|ç/Γ/.../Π, St. George, nimbate, wearing military attire, standing facing, holding spear in right hand and shield in left / Half-length figures of Michael VIII and Andronicus II facing, both wearing stemma with pendilia and loros over divistision, holding trifurate scepter, scroll and akakia; bust of winged archangel above between M X, placing his hands on their heads. DOC 36 (same rev. die); PCPC 85; SB 2321 (Thessalonica); cf. Stack’s (12 January 2009), lot 3327 (same rev. die; hammer $9,500). Minor scrapes and scratches. Near EF. Extremely rare. The second known example. ($3000) 175


697. John V Palaeologus, with John VI. 1341-1391. AR Basilikon (19mm, 1.19 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 1347-1353. Christ Pantokrator standing facing within mandorla composed of pellets; line extending downward from each side of nimbus / John VI and John V standing facing, each holding labarum, and bifurcated staff containing pellet between them. DOC –, but cf. p. 184, 2 (for type); cf. S. Bendall, “Another new silver basilikon of John V and VI, 1347-1352,” NumCirc CVI/3 (April 1998), 2 (for type); PCPC –; cf. LPC p. 140, 3 (for type); cf. SB 2528 (for type); Gorny & Mosch 236, lot 526 (same dies); CNG E-438, lot 618 (same dies). Toned. Good VF. Very rare. ($1500) From the Iconodule Collection.

698. John VI Cantacuzene. Second reign, 1353-1354. AR Basilikon (16mm, 0.71 g, 6h). Didymoteichon(?) mint. Christ Pantokrator enthroned facing; IC XC across upper field; B to left, Φ/Ρ to right / St. Demetrius holding small cross, standing slightly right, extending hand to John, orans, standing facing. Cf. DOC 1206; cf. A. Veglery & A. Millas, “Gold and silver coins of the time of John V,” NumCirc LXXX/9 (September 1972), 5; LPC p. 150, 3; PCPC (303); SB 2542. Toned. Good VF. Extremely rare. ($2000) From the Iconodule Collection.

EARLY MEDIEVAL & ISLAMIC COINAGE Early Germanic Imitation

699. UNCERTAIN GERMANIC TRIBES, Pseudo-Imperial issues. Circa late 4th century AD. AV Solidus (22mm, 4.32 g, 6h). Imitating Nicomedia mint, 5th officina issue of Valentinian I. D N VAELNTINI ANVS P P AVG (sic), pearldiademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / RESTITVTOR RE PVBLICAE, emperor standing facing, head right, holding labarum decorated with quasi-Christogram and Victory on globe; ZMNЄ. Cf. RIC IX 2a.2; cf. Depeyrot 10/1 (both refs for official issue); Fagerlie –; cf. NAC 84, lot 2137 (uncertain eastern Europe). A few scrapes. EF. ($1000) At first glance, this solidus would appear to be an official Nicomedia mint issue of Valentinian I. The presence of certain stylistic anomalies, however, suggest that this is an imitative issue. Although well-executed, the obverse legend is blundered with the emperor’s name spelled VAELNTINI ANVS, and the S of the mintmark was engraved as a retrograde Z. The obverse portrait, with its elongated and stylized features, as well as the reverse figures, are stylistically similar to other known Germanic issues, especially those of the fifth century AD, when such imitative issues are more prevalent. Most striking is the depiction of the Christogram on the labarum. On official issues, care is taken to represent the symbol accurately. On this coin, however, the symbol appears star-like – a design with only passing similarity to the original by someone unfamiliar with the Christogram. While not conclusive, all this evidence, when taken together, strongly suggests that this solidus is a Germanic issue, and likely among the earliest.

176


Reportedly Found in England

700. MEROVINGIANS, Pseudo-Imperial coinage. temp. Guntram-Thierry II. 561-613. AV (20mm, 4.50 g, 6h). In the name of Maurice Tiberius. Uncertain mint in Southern Gaul. Struck circa 585-602. Ā n M©VʽƩ⍛ ˶Ʃb P[P ©V⍛], pearldiademed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear over shoulder in right hand and shield decorated with horseman motif in left / V⍛⍛˶⌴ʽƩ [© ©V⍛⍛⍛], cross potent set on globe; ș –©Ḧ and Ҡ –ҠƩ flanking; ⍛⌴n⌴B. NM 25 (Marseille); Rigold Group B, 22; cf. Belfort 2450 (for type); MEC 1, –; cf. EMC 1998.0030 (same); cf. CNG 88, lot 1764 (for a similar example also with suspension loop). In mount with suspension loop attached. Near Fine. ($2500) Reportedly an old find near Spalding, Lincolnshire.

701. CRUSADERS, Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem. Imitation Dirhams. 13th century. AR Dirham (21mm, 2.77 g, 1h). Akka (Acre) mint. Dated AD 1251 (in Arabic). Central Arabic legend around cross: One God, alone one Faith alone, one Baptism alone; marginal Arabic legend: Struck in Acre in the year one thousand two hundred, one and fifty from the incarnation of the Messiah / Central Arabic legend: The Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost, one godhead alone; marginal Arabic legend: His is the glory for ever and ever, amen, amen. Balog & Yvon 45a; Metcalf, Crusades 230-1; cf. CCS 15/17 (for obv./rev.). Toned. VF. ($1000)

702. ISLAMIC, Umayyad Caliphate. temp. ‘Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan. AH 65-86 / AD 685-705. AR Dirham (32.5mm, 3.60 g, 3h). Arab-Sasanian type. Issue of al-Hajjaj ibn Yusuf, Umayyad governor. BYŠ (Bishapur) mint. Dated AH 77 in Pahlavi (AD 696-7). Crowned Sassanian style bust right; al-hajjaj ibn yusuf in Arabic in two lines to right; bismillāh , lā ilāha il lā-llāhu waḥdahu and, muḥammadur rasūlu-llāh in Arabic between crescent-in-pellets in outer margin / Fire altar flanked by attendants; star and crescent flanking flames; hfthftat (date) in Pahlavi to left, byš (mint) in Pahlavi to right. SICA I 217; Walker, Arab-Sasanian 230-1); Album A35; ICV 42. Toned, areas of weak strike. VF. ($2000)

703. ISLAMIC, Umayyad Caliphate. temp. ‘Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan. AH 65-86 / AD 685-705. AV Dinar (20mm, 4.24 g, 5h). Unnamed (Dimashq [Damascus]?) mint. Dated AH 85 (AD 704). AGC I 43; SICA 2 45-48; Album 125; ICV 163. light scratches . VF. ($750) 177


704. ISLAMIC, Umayyad Caliphate. temp. al-Walid I ibn ‘Abd al-Malik. AH 86-96 / AD 705-715. Pale AV Solidus (13mm, 4.06 g, 8h). Spanish mint. Dated IY 11 (AH 94 = AD 712/3). [...]IHSSτSИS∂ИИI around star of eight rays / IISIC+NNΛNOSNITRF6LSN around IN∂C XI; macrons above N and XI. Cf. SICA I 742 (for type); cf. Walker, ArabByzantine 181 (same); cf. Gomez, Hispano 1 (same); AGC I 29; Album 122; ICV 139; DCA p. 621. Light toning in devices, minor porosity, light masrks. VF. ($2000) Ex Stack’s Bowers Galleries (12 August 2015), lot 30115.

Key Last Year in the Series

705. ISLAMIC, Umayyad Caliphate. temp. Marwan II ibn Muhammad. AH 127-132 / AD 744-750. AV Dinar (19.5mm, 4.22 g, 6h). Unnamed (Dimashq [Damascus]?) mint. Dated AH 132 (AD 749/50). First portion of the kalimat at-tawḥīd: lā ilāha illā-llāhu waḥdahu lā sharīka lahu (there is no god except Allah, and one [is] he; (there is) no partner to him) in three lines; in outer margin, the “Umayyad Second Symbol” (Sura 9 [al-tauba]:33): muḥammadur rasūlu-llāh arsalahu bi-’lhudā wa dīn al-haqq lī-yuzhirahu ’ala al-dīn kollihi walau kariha al-mushrikūn (Muhammad is the messenger of Allah; him He sent with guidance and true faith to make it prevail over all other faiths even though the polytheists may hate it) / The “Umayyad Symbol” (Sura 112 [al-ikhlas]) Āllah ahad Āllah āl-samad lam yalīd wa lam yalūd (Allah [is] One; Allah [is] the Eternal, the Absolute; not begetting and not begotten) in three lines; in outer margin, b-ismi-llāh zarb hazā l-dinār fī sanat ithnatain wa thelathīn wa mi´at (in the name of Allah struck this dinar in the year 132 (after the Hijra)). AGC I 43; SICA 2 327; Album 141; ICV 226. Lightly toned, numerous scattered marks. VF. Key last year of the Umayyad series. ($4000)

706

707

706. ISLAMIC, ‘Abbasid Caliphate. al-Mu’tamid. AH 256-279 / AD 870-892. AV Dinar (23mm, 3.99 g, 3h). Citing al-Muwaffaq. Surra man-Ra’a mint. Dated AH 266 (AD 879/80). AGC I 175Jc (date unlisted); SICA 4 –; Album 239.2; ICV 416. Deposits, wavy flan, scratches on reverse. VF. Rare. ($750) 707. ISLAMIC, ‘Abbasid Caliphate. al-Mu’tadid. AH 279-289 / AD 892-902. AV Dinar (23mm, 2.60 g, 1h). Citing the heir. Harran mint. Dated AH 288 (AD 901). AGC I 211Hj; SICA 4 262; Album 241; ICV 420. Deposits in devices, minor weak strike at periphery. EF. ($750)

708

709

708. ISLAMIC, ‘Abbasid Caliphate. al-Mu’tadid. AH 279-289 / AD 892-902. AV Dinar (23mm, 4.17 g, 12h). Madinat al-Salam (Baghdad) mint. Dated AH 279 (AD 892/3). AGC I 211Jh (date unlisted); SICA 4 979; Album 241; ICV 420. Deposits, some scratches, wavy flan. Good VF. Extremely rare first year issue. ($1000) 709. ISLAMIC, ‘Abbasid Caliphate. al-Mu’tadid. AH 279-289 / AD 892-902. AV Dinar (23.5mm, 4.19 g, 12h). alRafiqa mint. Dated AH 282 (AD 895/6). AGC I 211Hn; SICA 4 376; Album 241; ICV 420. Toned, trace of deposits, scratches, obverse die breaks or die cancellation marks, wavy flan. VF. ($1000) 178


710 711 710. ISLAMIC, ‘Abbasid Caliphate. Al-Mu’tadid. AH 279-289 / AD 892-902. AV Dinar (23.5mm, 4.19 g, 12h). alRafiqa mint. Dated AH 283 (AD 896/7). AGC I 211Hn; SICA 4 377-8; Album 241; ICV 420. Toned. EF. Rare. ($1000) 711. ISLAMIC, ‘Abbasid Caliphate. Al-Muktafi. AH 289-295 / AD 902-908. AV Dinar (24mm, 3.17 g, 6h). Citing the vizier Wali al-Dawla. al-Rafiqa mint. Dated AH 291 (AD 905/6). AGC I 228Hn; Album 243.2; ICV 425. Toned, deposits, slightly irregular edge. Near EF. Very rare. ($1500)

712 713 712. ISLAMIC, ‘Abbasid Caliphate. Al-Muktafi. AH 289-295 / AD 902-908. AV Dinar (24mm, 2.73 g, 7h). alRafiqa mint. Dated AH 293 (AD 905/6). AGC I 226Hn; cf. SICA 4 384-5; Album 243.1; ICV 425. Deposits. Good VF. Very rare. ($750)

Extremely Rare Half Dinar 713. ISLAMIC, ‘Abbasid Caliphate. Al-Muktafi. AH 289-295 / AD 902-908. AV Half Dinar (22mm, 1.71 g, 4h). alRahba mint. Dated AH 294 (AD 906/7). AGC I –; SICA 4 –; Album –; ICV –. Some green encrustation, ragged flan. Good VF. Extremely rare denomination. ($3000)

714. ISLAMIC, ‘Abbasid Caliphate. al-Muqtadir. Second reign, AH 296-317 / AD 908-929. AV Dinar (24mm, 4.16 g, 9h). Dimashq (Damascus) mint. Dated AH 296 (AD 908/9). AGC I 237Ge (date unlisted); SICA 4 –; Album 245.1; ICV 427. Good VF. Rare date. ($4000)

715 716 715. ISLAMIC, ‘Abbasid Caliphate. al-Muqtadir. Second reign, AH 296-317 / AD 908-929. AV Dinar (23mm, 3.85 g, 8h). Citing Abu al-’Abbas as heir. Dimashq (Damascus) mint. Dated AH 311 (AD 923/4). AGC I 242Ge; SICA 4 –; Album 245.2; ICV 427. Slightly wavy flan, a couple of edge bumps. VF. ($1500) 716. ISLAMIC, Egypt & Syria (Pre-Fatimid). Tulunids. Khumarawaih bin Ahmad. AH 270-282 / AD 884-896. AV Dinar (28mm, 4.38 g, 12h). Citing the ‘Abbasid caliph al-Mu’tadid. Harran mint. Dated AH 276 (AD 889/90). Grabar 35; AGC I 213Gn; Album 664.3; ICV 782. Deposits in devices, slightly wavy flan. Good VF. Rare. ($1000) 179


717 718 717. ISLAMIC, Egypt & Syria (Pre-Fatimid). Tulunids. Khumarawaih bin Ahmad. AH 270-282 / AD 884-896. AV Dinar (23mm, 4.41 g, 4h). Citing al-Muwaffaq as heir and the ‘Abbasid caliph al-Mu’tadid. Filastin mint. Dated AH 281 (AD 894/5). Grabar 65; AGC I 193Hj; Album 664.1; ICV 782. Areas of light toning. VF. ($1500) 718. ISLAMIC, Caucasus (Pre-Seljuq). Sajids. Yusuf ibn Diwdad. AH 288-315 / AD 901-927. AV Dinar (22mm, 4.40 g, 12h). Citing heir abu’l-’Abbas, the vizier abu’l-Hassan, and the ‘Abbasid caliph al-Muqtadir. Ardabil mint. Dated AH 276 (AD 889/90). AGC I 252Ka; Album 1478; ICV 1558. Deposits in devices, slight roughness. Near VF. Very rare. ($1000)

719

720

719. ISLAMIC, Mongols. Ilkhanids. Ghiyath al-Din Muhammad Khudabanda Öljeytü. AH 703-716 / AD 13041316. AV Dinar (4.5mm, 8.51 g, 11h). Type C. Sultaniyya al-ma’mura mint. Dated AH 714 (AD 1314/15). Diler Ul-370; Album 2186; ICV 2113. Minor weakness at periphery, wavy flan. VF. Rare. ($750) Ex Morton & Eden 92 (26 April 2018), lot 123.

720. ISLAMIC, Ottoman Empire. Mehmed II Fatih (‘the Conqueror’). Second reign, AH 855-886 / AD 1451-1481. AV Sultani Altin (20mm, 3.54 g, 6h). Qustantiniya (Constantinople) mint. Dated AH 883 (AD 1478/9). Damalı 7-K-A1-883; Sultan –; Pere 80; Album 1306. Near EF. ($1500)

WORLD COINAGE Earliest Dated Taler

721. AUSTRIA, Holy Roman Empire. Sigismund. Archduke, 1446-1490. AR Taler (42mm, 31.17 g, 2h). Hall mint. Dated 1486. Crowned, draped, and armored figure standing facing, holding globe-tipped scepter on shoulder and hilt of sword; to left, coat-of-arms held by lion; to right, crested and crowned helmet / Knight in German Gothic armor, holding banner, on caparisoned horse galloping right; 1486 below; helmet decorated with elaborate crowned crest; coats-of-arms around. Davenport 8087; Moser & Tursky 64; Levinson IV-49a; Frey 274. toned, lightly chased in fields. VF. ($6000) Ex J. Eric Engstrom Collection (Triton XIX, 5 January 2016), lot 716.

180


722. BAHAMAS, Colonial. George III. King of Great Britain, 1760-1820. CU Penny (29mm, 9.35 g, 6h). Soho (Birmingham) mint. Dated 1806. Laureate and draped bust right / BAHAMA, ship under sail right, island and two smaller ships in background; in exergue, EXPULSIS PIRATIS/ RESTITUTA/ COMMERCIA (Commerce restored by the expulsion of the pirates). Edge: engrailed. Pridmore 1; KM 1. Flaw on reverse, a few light marks. Near EF. ($250) From the G.W.K. Roberts Collection. The reverse legend refers to the suppression of piracy by Captain Woodes Rogers, later governor of the Bahamas.

Extremely Rare 1807 Bahamas Proof Penny

723. BAHAMAS, Colonial. George III. King of Great Britain, 1760-1820. Proof CU Penny (29mm, 9.80 g, 6h). Soho (Birmingham) mint. Dated 1807. Laureate and draped bust right / BAHAMA, ship under sail right, island and two smaller ships in background; in exergue, EXPULSIS PIRATIS/ RESTITUTA/ COMMERCIA (Commerce restored by the expulsion of the pirates). Edge: engrailed. Pridmore 3; KM 1. In NGC encapsulation 4740166-001 graded PF 62 BN. Extremely rare. ($2500) From the G.W.K. Roberts Collection, purchased from Smith & Daughter Inc, April 1993 for $4400.

Spanish Colonial Gold from the G.W.K. Roberts Collection

724. CHILE, Colonial. Fernando VI. King of Spain, 1746-1759. AV 4 Escudos (29mm, 13.52 g, 12h). Santiago mint. Dated 1749 So J. Armored and draped bust right / Crowned coat-of-arms within Collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece. KM 2; Friedberg 6. Rich yellow toning with flashes of underlying brilliance, light earthen deposits, a few hairlines, weakly struck at center. Good VF. ($1000) From the G.W.K. Roberts Collection. Reportedly ex Río de la Plata treasure. The River Plate Treasure is believed to be the cargo of the Nuestra Señora de la Luz, a Spanish-Portuguese treasure ship that foundered in a storm off Montevideo on 2 July 1752. Although most of the precious cargo was salvaged soon after the wreck, some 2000 gold coins and ingots were recovered in 1992, and part were sold by order of the Uruguayan government.

181


725. CHILE, Colonial. Fernando VI. King of Spain, 1746-1759. AV 8 Escudos (37mm, 27.05 g, 12h). Santiago mint. Dated 1750 So J. Armored and draped bust right / Crowned coat-of-arms within Collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece. Calicó 730; KM 3; Friedberg 5. Rich yellow tone with flashes of underlyiing brilliance, some light earthen deposits and a few very light hairlines. EF. Well struck. ($2500) From the G.W.K. Roberts Collection. Reportedly ex Río de la Plata treasure.

726

727

726. CHILE, Colonial. Fernando VI. King of Spain, 1746-1759. AV 8 Escudos (37mm, 27.00 g, 12h). Santiago mint. Dated 1751 So J. Armored and draped bust right / Crowned coat-of-arms within Collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece. Calicó 731; KM 3; Friedberg 5. Weakly struck at center, light hairlines. Near EF. ($2000) From the G.W.K. Roberts Collection.

727. CHILE, Colonial. Carlos III. King of Spain, 1759-1788. AV 8 Escudos (38mm, 26.97 g, 12h). Santiago mint. Dated 1787 So DA. Armored and draped bust right / Crowned coat-of-arms within Collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece. Calicó 988; KM 27; Friedberg 15. Lustrous, minor metal flaws, light hairlines. Good VF. ($1000) From the G.W.K. Roberts Collection.

728

729

728. CHILE, Colonial. Carlos IV. King of Spain, 1788-1808. AV 8 Escudos (38mm, 26.90 g, 12h). Santiago mint. Dated 1806/5 So FJ. Armored and draped bust right / Crowned coat-of-arms within Collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece. Calicó 1224; KM 54; Friedberg 23. Attractive red toning, minor adjustment marks on reverse, light scratch on bust. VF. ($1000) From the G.W.K. Roberts Collection, purchased from S.L. Smith, December 1994.

729. CHILE, Colonial. Fernando VII. Prisoniero, 1808-1813. AV 8 Escudos (37.5mm, 27.05 g, 12h). Santiago mint. Dated 1810 So FJ. Uniformed bust right / Crowned coat-of-arms within Collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece. Calicó 1412; KM 72; Friedberg 28. Toned, a few light marks, once polished. VF. ($1000) From the G.W.K. Roberts Collection.

182


a

b

d e c 730. CHINA, Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó (People’s Republic of China). 1949-pres. AV Proof Panda Set. Dated 1987 P. All coins: Panda drinking left at pool; bamboo trees to right / Temple of Heaven in Beijing. Includes: 100 Yuan. KM 166; Friedberg B4 // 50 Yuan. KM 162; Friedberg B5 // 25 Yuan. KM 161; Friedberg B6 // 10 Yuan. KM 163; Friedberg B7 // 5 Yuan. KM 159; Friedberg B8. Proof. Five (5) coins in lot. In original wooden case of issue, with certificate of authenticity number 0002179. ($2000) From the G. W. K. Roberts Collection.

a

b

c d e 731. CHINA, Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó (People’s Republic of China). 1949-pres. AV Proof Panda Set. Dated 1987 P. All coins: Panda drinking left at pool; bamboo trees to right / Temple of Heaven in Beijing. Includes: 100 Yuan. KM 166; Friedberg B4 // 50 Yuan. KM 162; Friedberg B5 // 25 Yuan. KM 161; Friedberg B6 // 10 Yuan. KM 163; Friedberg B7 // 5 Yuan. KM 159; Friedberg B8. Proof. Five (5) coins in lot. In original wooden case of issue, with certificate of authenticity number 0002337. ($2000) From the G.W.K. Roberts Collection.

732. CHINA, Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó (People’s Republic of China). 1949-pres. AV Medal – 2oz (40mm, 12h). Centennial of the Birth of Mao Zedong. Dually dated 1893 and 1993. Bust of Mao Zedong facing left; to left, section of the Great Wall / Map of China with five stars over view of the Forbidden City. Numbered 5 of 99. In NGC encapsulation, 4822284-001, graded PF 69 Ultra Cameo. Lot includes original mint packaging. ($3000) 183


733 734 733. COLOMBIA, Colonial. Carlos III. King of Spain, 1759-1788. AV 8 Escudo (37mm, 26.96 g, 12h). Popayán mint. Dated 1778 P SF. Armored and draped bust right / Crowned coat-of-arms within Collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece. Calicó 1014; KM 50.2; Friedberg 36. Some luster, light scratch in field, hairlines. Good VF. ($1000) From the G.W.K. Roberts Collection, purchased from Mike Dunigan.

734. COLOMBIA, Colonial. Carlos III. King of Spain, 1759-1788. AV 8 Escudo (38mm, 27.00 g, 12h). Nuevo Reino (Santa Fé de Bogotá) mint. Dated 1782 (NR) JJ. Armored and draped bust right / Crowned coat-of-arms within Collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece. Calicó 1071; KM 50.1; Friedberg 35. Some marks. VF. ($1000) From the G.W.K. Roberts Collection, purchased from Mike Dunigan.

736 735 735. COLOMBIA, Colonial. Carlos III. King of Spain, 1759-1788. AV 8 Escudo (37mm, 27.06 g, 12h). Popayán mint. Dated 1784 P SF. Armored and draped bust right / Crowned coat-of-arms within Collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece. Calicó 1024; KM 50.2; Friedberg 36. Some luster, lamination flaws, light marks. Good VF. ($1000) From the G.W.K. Roberts Collection.

736. COLOMBIA, Colonial. Carlos III. King of Spain, 1759-1788. AV 8 Escudo (37mm, 26.95 g, 12h). Nuevo Reino (Santa Fé de Bogotá) mint. Dated 1786 (NR) JJ. Armored and draped bust right / Crowned coat-of-arms within Collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece. Calicó 1078; KM 50.1a; Friedberg 35. Some light marks. VF. ($1000) From the G.W.K. Roberts Collection, purchased from Mike Dunigan.

737 738 737. COLOMBIA, Colonial. Carlos IV. King of Spain, 1788-1808. AV 8 Escudo (37mm, 27.10 g, 12h). Popayán mint. Dated 1792 P JF. Armored and draped bust right / Crowned coat-of-arms within Collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece. Calicó 1235; KM 62.2; Friedberg 52. Some luster, minor dark red deposits. Good VF. ($1000) From the G.W.K. Roberts Collection, purchased from Mike Dunigan.

738. COLOMBIA, Colonial. Carlos IV. King of Spain, 1788-1808. AV 8 Escudo (37mm, 26.91 g, 12h). Popayán mint. Dated 1794 P JF. Armored and draped bust right / Crowned coat-of-arms within Collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece. Calicó 1236; KM 62.2; Friedberg 52. Some luster, light hairlines. Good VF. ($1000) From the G.W.K. Roberts Collection.

184


739 740 739. COLOMBIA, Colonial. Carlos IV. King of Spain, 1788-1808. AV 8 Escudo (37mm, 26.95 g, 12h). Nuevo Reino (Santa Fé de Bogotá) mint. Dated 1794 (NR) JJ. Armored and draped bust right / Crowned coat-of-arms within Collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece. Calicó 1272; KM 62.1; Friedberg 51. Small scrape before nose, marks and hairlines. VF. ($1000) From the G.W.K. Roberts Collection, purchased from Mike Dunigan.

740. COLOMBIA, Colonial. Carlos IV. King of Spain, 1788-1808. AV 8 Escudo (36mm, 26.97 g, 12h). Nuevo Reino (Santa Fé de Bogotá) mint. Dated 1795 (NR) JJ. Armored and draped bust right / Crowned coat-of-arms within Collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece. Calicó 1273; KM 62.1; Friedberg 51. Light marks, small edge ding. VF. ($1000) From the G.W.K. Roberts Collection.

741 742 741. COLOMBIA, Colonial. Carlos IV. King of Spain, 1788-1808. AV 8 Escudo (35mm, 26.94 g, 12h). Nuevo Reino (Santa Fé de Bogotá) mint. Dated 1796 (NR) JJ. Armored and draped bust right / Crowned coat-of-arms within Collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece. Calicó 1274; KM 62.1; Friedberg 51. Marks and hairlines. VF. ($1000) From the G.W.K. Roberts Collection, purchased from Mike Dunigan.

742. COLOMBIA, Colonial. Carlos IV. King of Spain, 1788-1808. AV 8 Escudo (37mm, 27.02 g, 12h). Popayán mint. Dated 1802 P JF. Armored and draped bust right / Crowned coat-of-arms within Collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece. Calicó 1245; KM 62.2; Friedberg 52. Lustrous, light marks, reddish toning around legends. Good VF. ($1000) From the G.W.K. Roberts Collection.

743 744 743. COLOMBIA, Colonial. Carlos IV. King of Spain, 1788-1808. AV 8 Escudo (35mm, 27.03 g, 12h). Nuevo Reino (Santa Fé de Bogotá) mint. Dated 1805 (NR) JJ. Armored and draped bust right / Crowned coat-of-arms within Collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece. Calicó 1291; KM 62.1; Friedberg 51. Light red toning, marks and hairlines. VF. ($1000) From the G.W.K. Roberts Collection, purchased from S.L. Smith, December 1994.

744. COLOMBIA, Colonial. Carlos IV. King of Spain, 1788-1808. AV 8 Escudo (35mm, 26.84 g, 12h). Nuevo Reino (Santa Fé de Bogotá) mint. Dated 1807 (NR) JJ. Armored and draped bust right / Crowned coat-of-arms within Collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece. Calicó 1294; KM 62.1; Friedberg 51. Heavy brush marks and other scattered marks. VF. ($1000) From the G.W.K. Roberts Collection.

185


745. DANZIG, Freie Stadt. 1920-1939. AV 25 Gulden (22mm, 8.02 g, 12h). Berlin mint. Dated 1923. Crown over two crosses between columns with leonine supporters / Statue of Neptune standing left on wave and protome of horse, holding trident and conch. Adams III 2314 (this coin, described as proof); Jaeger D10; KM 148; Friedberg 43 (described as proof only). In NGC encapsulation 2689769-004, graded MS 63. ($5000) Ex Dr. Lawrence A. Adams Collection (Triton XIX, 6 January 2016), lot 2314 (there as proof), purchased from M. Louis Teller, June 1983.

746

747

748

746. DENMARK. Knud II den Store (the Great). 1019-1035. AR Penny (19mm, 1.51 g, 2h). Quatrefoil / Last Small Cross mule. Sigtuna mint(?). Struck circa 1010-1020. ม ùn⎍Ϳ ʽዞҟ ዝ®nɭʽ⎍ዦ ©, crowned bust left in quatrefoil / Small cross pattée, garbled legend around. Malmer chain 137, dies 738/1780; Hauberg 2 (Lund); Hede II 2 (same obv. die). Slightly double struck on obverse. Near VF. Very rare. ($1000) Malmer (p. 48) attributes this issue to the Sigtuna mint, as lead die impressions from this chain were found there, though notes that die transfers between England, Lund, and Sigtuna are common in this series.

747. DENMARK. Knud II den Store (the Great). 1019-1035. AR Penny (20mm, 1.66 g, 8h). Last small cross type. Southern mint. Struck circa 1010-1020. ม ùn⎍Ϳ ʽዞҟ ዝ®nɭʽ Ḧ, crowned bust left in quatrefoil / Small cross pattée, garbled legend around. Malmer chain 158, dies 639/1832; cf. Hauberg 2 (Lund); Hede –. A few pecks, crimped. VF. Very rare. ($2000) 748. DENMARK. Hardeknud (Knud III, the Hardy). 1035-1042. AR Penny (18mm, 0.92 g, 6h). East Danish standard. Lund mint; Lefwin, moneyer. Struck circa 1040-1042. ม n¨ʽTዞùዢዢዮዢዢ, helmeted and armored bust left; quatrefoil of pellets in left field / ม Ǯዞ ʽዢn ዞ ɭn Ǯዮዢ Ḧ, voided long cross with triple-crescent ends and pellet at center; faces second and fourth quarters. Becker, Coinages dies H40/140; Hauberg –; Hede –. Pecked. VF. Very rare. ($600)

749

750

749. FRANCE, Royal. Louis XVI. 1774–1793. AR Écu aux rameaux d’olivier (42mm, 29.40 g, 12h). Paris mint; différents: swan/lyre. Dated 1790 A. Bust left in military attire / Crowned coat-of-arms within wreath. Duplessy 1708; Ciani 2187; KM 564.1. Toned, lustrous, some adjustment marks on the reverse. UNC. ($750) Ex Triton XV (3 January 2012), lot 1725; Classical Numismatic Group 87 (18 May 2011), lot 1624.

750. FRANCE, Royal. Louis XVI. 1774–1793. AR Écu de 6 livres (42mm, 29.40 g, 12h). Paris mint; différents: cow/ lyre. Dually-dated L’An 4 and 1792 A. Bare head left / Winged genius of France standing right, inscribing tablet set on column; to left, fasces surmounted by cap; to right, rooster standing left. VG 55; Duplessy 1718; Ciani 2238; KM 615.1. Toned, underlying luster. AU. ($750) Ex Triton XV (3 January 2012), lot 1726; Classical Numismatic Group 87 (18 May 2011), lot 1628.

186


751. FRANCE, Royal. Louis XVI. 1774–1793. AR Demi-écu de 6 livres (34mm, 14.67 g, 6h). Paris mint; différents: cow/lyre. Dually-dated L’An 5 and 1793 A. Bare head left / Winged genius of France standing right, inscribing tablet set on column; to left, fasces surmounted by cap; to right, rooster standing left. VG 43; Duplessy 1719; Ciani 2240; KM 613.1. Toned, lustrous. AU. ($750) Ex Coin Galleries (9 November 1994), lot 1061.

752 753 752. FRANCE, Premier République. Directoire. 1795-1799. AR 5 Francs (36mm, 25.26 g, 6h). Paris mint; différents: Artemis/cornucopia. Dated L’An 4 A (AD 1795/6). Hercules standing facing between personifications of Liberty standing slightly right, holding scepter surmounted by cap, clasping hands with Equality standing slightly left, holding level / Denomination and date in three lines; all within wreath. VG 563; KM 639.1. Toned, some field marks. VF. ($500) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 88 (14 September 2011), lot 1846.

753. FRANCE, Premier Empire. Napoléon I. 1804-1814. AR 5 Francs (37mm, 25.05 g, 6h). Paris mint; différents: monogram/rooster. Dated L’An 13 A (AD 1804/5). Bare head right / Denomination within wreath. VG 580; KM 662.1. Toned, minor adjustment marks. Good VF. ($500) Ex Sierra Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 88, 14 September 2011), lot 1847.

754. FRANCE, Deuxième République. 1848-1852. AR 5 Francs (40mm, 24.98 g, 6h). Paris mint; différents: hand and dog’s head. Dated 1849 A. Wreathed head of Ceres left; star above / Denomination and date within wreath. VG 719; KM 761.1. Toned. EF. ($500) Ex Sierra Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 85, 15 September 2010), lot 1353.

187


755 756 755. GERMANY, Lippe (Herrschaft). Bernhard III. 1229-1265. AR Pfennig – Sterling (18mm, 1.20 g, 7h). Horne mint. ม BĚʽn²ʽĕ⎍S ዢn, crowned bust right / ม ዡɭʽnĚ ýዢ⎍ዢͿ²S, rose in square. Weweler –; Weweler Collection –; Ribnitz –; Chautard –; https://www.sterlingimitations.com/bernhardiii.html, no. 0288 (same dies); https://www.coincommunity. com/Forum/topic.asp?TOPIC_ID=284361 (same dies). Toned. Good Fine. Extremely rare and unpublished in the standard references. ($1000) 756. GERMANY, Lippe (Herrschaft). Bernhard IV. 1265-1275. AR Pfennig – Sterling (18mm, 0.99 g, 7h). Uncertain mint. Struck in the name of Bernhard III. BĚˆnƌªˆĕ⎍ ዢዢዢ=, crowned facing bust holding lis-tipped scepter / [Ѿ](ªǧ) ͿĚȵ ɭn ǧ⎍ë, voided long cross, with central pellet; triple pellets in quarters. J.J. North, “Long Cross Imitations and Forgeries,” in BNJ 65 (1995), p. 105; Weweler 31; Weweler Collection 60 (same rev. die; Bernhard III or IV); Ribnitz 229; Chautard –. Areas of weak strike. VF. Very rare. ($500) North attributes pieces with the reverse legend “W(AL) TЄM” to the reign of Bernhard IV, based on their absence from the Brussels hoard. This coin shares a reverse die with an issue naming Simon I (Weweler 46; Weweler Collection 69), lending further strength to the later date.

Extremely Rare Viravarman Citing Hira Devi

757. INDIA, Medieval (Northern India). Chandellas of Jejakabhukti. Viravarman. Circa 1245-1285. Base AV Dinar – 4½ Masha (18mm, 3.73 g, 6h). Citing Hira Devi. Lakshmi seated facing / śrima mad vi/ravarma hi/ra devi in three lines in Devanagari. Deyell –; MNI –; Triskeles 27, lot 447. Deposits in devices. Good VF. Extremely rare. ($500)

758

759

758. INDIA, Islamic Sultanates. Delhi. temp. Muhammad bin Tughluq. AH 725-752 (AD 1325-1351). AV Tanka (23mm, 10.95 g, 5h). Citing the ‘Abbasid caliph al-Mustakfi billah. Dehli mint. Dated AH 741 (AD 1340/1). fī zamān al-imām legend citing al-Mustakfi billah with khallada allāh / Mint with AH date written out. CIS D427; Rajgor Type 1218. Hint of deposits in devices. EF. ($750) 759. INDIA, Islamic Sultanates. Delhi. Firuz Shah Tughluq. AH 752-790 (AD 1351-1388). AV Tanka (23mm, 10.99 g, 9h). Citing the Cairo ‘Abbasid caliph abū’l Fath al-Mu’tasid. Unnamed mint. Undated issue. al-sultan legend / Legend citing caliph with invocation khulidat khilāfatuhu. CIS 463; Rajgor Type 1282. EF. ($750)

760. INDIA, Colonial. British India. Victoria. Queen of the United Kingdom, 1837-1901; Empress of India, 18761901. AR Proof Rupee (30mm, 12h). East India Company Type I issue. Calcutta mint. Dated 1840. Young head left / Value within wreath; date below; crescent on left bow of ribbon. UCI 2.17; Pridmore 54; KM 457.10. In PCGS encapsulation, 392019.64/12280934, graded PR64. Attractively toned. ($1000) Ex Triton XII (6 January 2009), lot 1000.

188


761. IRAN, Qajars. Nasir al-Din Shah. AH 1264-1313 / AD 1848-1896. AV 2 Tomans (23.5mm, 6.88 g, 9h). Tughra type. Masshad mint. Dated AH 1281 (AD 1864/5). Rabino di Borgomale pl. 24, 632; C&M –; Album 2924; KM 864; Friedberg 48; CNG 106, lot 987 (same dies). EF, area of weak strike and die break on obverse. Rare. ($1000)

763

762

762. MEXICO, Colonial. Felipe V. King of Spain, second reign, 1724-1746. AV 8 Escudos (37mm, 26.95 g, 12h). Milled coinage. Ciudad de México (Mexico City) mint. Dated 1742 Mo MF. Armored and draped bust right / Crowned coatof-arms within Collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece. BW 33.1; Calicó 570; KM 148; Friedberg 8. Lightly polished, small edge ding. VF. ($1000) From the G.W.K. Roberts Collection.

763. MEXICO, Colonial. Carlos III. King of Spain, 1759-1788. AV 4 Escudos (31mm, 13.48 g, 12h). Ciudad de México (Mexico City) mint. Dated 1786 Mo FM. Armored and draped bust right / Crowned coat-of-arms within Collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece. BW 32.9; KM 142.2; Friedberg 34. Toned. VF. ($500) From the G.W.K. Roberts Collection, purchased from S.L. Smith, December 1994.

764

765

764. MEXICO, Colonial. Carlos IV. King of Spain, 1788-1808. AV 8 Escudos (37mm, 27.01 g, 12h). Ciudad de México (Mexico City) mint. Dated 1791 Mo FM. Armored and draped bust right / Crowned coat-of-arms within Collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece. BW 33.15; Calicó 1137; KM 159; Friedberg 43. Edge knocks, faint hairlines, areas of weak strike. VF. ($1000) From the G.W.K. Roberts Collection, purchased from Mike Dunigan.

765. MEXICO, Colonial. Carlos IV. King of Spain, 1788-1808. AV 8 Escudos (37mm, 27.00 g, 12h). Ciudad de México (Mexico City) mint. Dated 1792 Mo FM. Armored and draped bust right / Crowned coat-of-arms within Collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece. BW 33.15; Calicó 1139; KM 159; Friedberg 43. Scratch on obverse. VF. ($1000) From the G.W.K. Roberts Collection, purchased from Mike Dunigan.

189


767 766 766. MEXICO, Colonial. Carlos IV. King of Spain, 1788-1808. AV 8 Escudos (37mm, 27.02 g, 12h). Ciudad de México (Mexico City) mint. Dated 1793 Mo FM. Armored and draped bust right / Crowned coat-of-arms within Collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece. BW 33.15; Calicó 1142; KM 159; Friedberg 43. Traces of luster, weak strike at center, faint hairlines. VF. ($1000) From the G.W.K. Roberts Collection, purchased from Mike Dunigan.

767. MEXICO, Colonial. Carlos IV. King of Spain, 1788-1808. AV 8 Escudos (37mm, 27.04 g, 12h). Ciudad de México (Mexico City) mint. Dated 1797 Mo FM. Armored and draped bust right / Crowned coat-of-arms within Collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece. BW 33.15; Calicó 1148; KM 159; Friedberg 43. Some luster, light scratch in center of reverse, faint hairlines. Good VF. ($1000) From the G.W.K. Roberts Collection, purchased from Mike Dunigan.

768 769 768. MEXICO, Colonial. Carlos IV. King of Spain, 1788-1808. AV 8 Escudos (37mm, 26.93 g, 12h). Ciudad de México (Mexico City) mint. Dated 1799 Mo FM. Armored and draped bust right / Crowned coat-of-arms within Collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece. BW 33.15; Calicó 1152; KM 159; Friedberg 43. Toned. VF. ($1000) From the G.W.K. Roberts Collection, purchased from S.L. Smith, December 1994.

769. MEXICO, Colonial. Carlos IV. King of Spain, 1788-1808. AV 8 Escudos (37mm, 26.96 g, 12h). Ciudad de México (Mexico City) mint. Dated 1803 Mo FT. Armored and draped bust right / Crowned coat-of-arms within Collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece. BW 33.15; Calicó 1158; KM 159; Friedberg 43. Toned. VF. ($1000) From the G.W.K. Roberts Collection, purchased from S.L. Smith, December 1994.

770 771 770. MEXICO, Colonial. Carlos IV. King of Spain, 1788-1808. AV 8 Escudos (38mm, 27.05 g, 12h). Ciudad de México (Mexico City) mint. Dated 1806 Mo TH. Armored and draped bust right / Crowned coat-of-arms within Collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece. BW 33.15; Calicó 1162; KM 159; Friedberg 43. Toned, two cuts on obverse. Good VF. ($1000) From the G.W.K. Roberts Collection, purchased from S.L. Smith, December 1994.

771. MEXICO, Colonial. Carlos IV. King of Spain, 1788-1808. AV 8 Escudos (37mm, 27.02 g, 12h). Ciudad de México (Mexico City) mint. Dated 1807 Mo TH. Armored and draped bust right / Crowned coat-of-arms within Collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece. BW 33.15; Calicó 1164; KM 159; Friedberg 43. Toned, faint hairlines. VF. ($1000) From the G.W.K. Roberts Collection, purchased from S.L. Smith, December 1994.

190


772 773 772. MEXICO, Colonial. Fernando VII. Prisoniero, 1808-1813. AV 8 Escudos (37mm, 27.00 g, 12h). Ciudad de México (Mexico City) mint. Dated 1811 Mo HJ. Armored and draped bust right / Crowned coat-of-arms within Collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece. BW 33.16; Calicó 1369; KM 160; Friedberg 47. Traces of deposits, marks in obverse field. VF. ($1000) From the G.W.K. Roberts Collection, purchased from S.L. Smith, December 1994.

773. MEXICO, Guerra de Independencia. Ciudad de México (Mexico City). Fernando VII. Second reign, 18131833. AV 8 Escudos (37mm, 26.93 g, 12h). Ciudad de México (Mexico City) mint. Dated 1815/4 Mo HJ. Laureate head right / Crowned coat-of-arms within Collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece. BW 33.17; Calicó 1377; KM 161; Friedberg 52. Hints of luster, weak strike. Near VF. ($1000) From the G.W.K. Roberts Collection.

774 775 774. PERU, Colonial. Ferdinand VI. King of Spain, 1746-1759. AV 8 Escudos (37mm, 27.01 g, 12h). Lima mint. Dated 1751 L(IMA) J. Armored and draped bust right / Crowned coat-of-arms within Collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece. Calicó 714; KM 50; Friedberg 16. Attractive purple-red toning with underlying brilliance, light adjustment mark on reverse. Near EF. ($2000) From the G.W.K. Roberts Collection, purchased from Mike Dunigan.

775. PERU, Colonial. Ferdinand VI. King of Spain, 1746-1759. AV 8 Escudos (37mm, 26.92 g, 12h). Lima mint. Dated 1754 L(IMA) JD. Armored and draped bust right / Crowned coat-of-arms within Collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece. Calicó 718; KM 59.1; Friedberg 20. Orange toning, light contact marks, faint scratch, minor metal flaws on reverse. VF. ($1500) From the G.W.K. Roberts Collection.

776 777 776. PERU, Colonial. Carlos III. King of Spain, 1759-1788. AV 8 Escudos (37mm, 26.91 g, 12h). Lima mint. Dated 1769 LM JM. Armored and draped bust right / Crowned coat-of-arms within Collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece. Calicó 909; KM 73; Friedberg 28. Red toning, metal flaws. VF. ($1500) From the G.W.K. Roberts Collection, purchased from S.L. Smith, April 1995.

777. PERU, Colonial. Carlos III. King of Spain, 1759-1788. AV 8 Escudos (38mm, 27.04 g, 12h). Lima mint. Dated 1774 (LIMÆ) MJ. Armored and draped bust right / Crowned coat-of-arms within Collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece. Calicó 920; KM 82.1; Friedberg 32. Lamination flaws, minor adjustment marks, faint hairlines. Good VF. ($1000) From the G.W.K. Roberts Collection, purchased from Mike Dunigan.

191


778 779 778. PERU, Colonial. Carlos III. King of Spain, 1759-1788. AV 8 Escudos (36mm, 24.75 g, 12h). Lima mint. Dated 1786 (LIMÆ) MI. Armored and draped bust right / Crowned coat-of-arms within Collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece. Calicó 935; KM 82.1; Friedberg 32. Minor edge dings, light hairlines. VF. ($1000) From the G.W.K. Roberts Collection, purchased from Mike Dunigan.

779. PERU, Colonial. Carlos III. King of Spain, 1759-1788. AV 8 Escudos (37mm, 26.93 g, 12h). Lima mint. Dated 1787 (LIMÆ) MI. Armored and draped bust right / Crowned coat-of-arms within Collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece. Calicó 936; KM 82.1; Friedberg 32. Reddish toning, minor rim mark, scratch. VF. ($1000) From the G.W.K. Roberts Collection, purchased from S.L. Smith, December 1994.

780

781

780. PERU, Colonial. Carlos IV. King of Spain, 1788-1808. AV 8 Escudos (37mm, 26.92 g, 12h). Lima mint. Dated 1791 (LIMÆ) IJ. Armored and draped bust right / Crowned coat-of-arms within Collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece. Calicó 1170; KM 92; Friedberg 36. Some underlying luster, minor adjustment marks, faint hairlines. Near EF. ($1000) From the G.W.K. Roberts Collection, purchased from Mike Dunigan.

781. PERU, Colonial. Fernando VII. King of Spain, 1808-1833. AV 8 Escudos (38mm, 26.94 g, 12h). Cuzco mint. Dated 1824 (LIMÆ) Co G. Laureate head right / Crowned coat-of-arms within Collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece. Calicó 1387; KM 129.2; Friedberg 55. Faint hairlines. Near VF. ($1000) From the G.W.K. Roberts Collection, purchased from Mike Dunigan.

782. SPAIN, Reino de España. Fernando VII. Second reign, 1813-1833. AV 4 Escudos (29mm, 13.47 g, 12h). Madrid mint. Dated 1815 M GJ. Laureate head right / Crowned coat-of-arms within Collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece. ME 16330; KM 484; Friedberg 312. Toned. VF. ($400) From the G.W.K. Roberts Collection, purchased from S.L. Smith, December 1994.

192


Photos reduced 783. MISCELLANEOUS. Collection of forty-eight (48) Maria Theresa talers and related pieces. Highlights include: Missouri Numismatic Society 1963 counterstamp Bicentennial of the Maria Theresa taler 1980 counterstamp Counterstamp of the Hafner family, struck 1984. Walter Hafner was the author of the Lexicon of the Maria Theresien Taler, a standard reference for the restrike series Yemen. AR Ahmadi Riyal. Dated AH 1373 (AD 1953). Overstruck on a taler An incense burner crafted from two talers 1986 Austrian 5 ounce silver taler reproduction Two bracelets crafted from four talers each, one with devices cut out Pin crafted from a halved taler with devices cut out Silver spoon crafted from a taler Taler countermarked “Nejd” and “Hejaz” – a pair of collectable fantasy counterstamps Taler crafted into a picture frame Miniature gold reproductions Taler crafted into a medal, suspended from bar inscribed with American Legion seal and “Middle East Campaign / Africa”and undoubtedly presented to an American soldier serving in Africa during World War Two Various other restrike talers, including proofs, a few in mounts, several in cases Fine to UNC, several Proof. Lot includes numerous numismatic newspaper clippings related to the Maria Theresa taler, as well as the material for an exhibit. ($1000) Ex Harry Flower Collection. The iconic talers of Austrian archduchess Maria Theresa were extremely popular in trade with the Ottoman territories in the Levant, and after her death in 1780, the type continued to be struck with a fixed date. From the Levant, use of the coin spread to Arabia and East Africa, where demand for the trustworthy and unchanging silver piece drove increased production. Minting of the Maria Theresa taler continued throughout the 19th century at Vienna, Venice, Milan, and Rome. In 1935, as the Italians prepared to invade Ethiopia, they quickly monopolized the supply of talers for the Africa trade, leading the British to strike their own in London and Bombay. Talers were also struck in the twentieth century at Birmingham, Paris, Utrecht, and Brussels. The type is still struck at the Vienna mint today. This collection presents an exciting opportunity to acquire a set of Maria Theresa restrike talers. Numerous varieties are included, and distinguishing these unmarked issues will surely present an exciting challenge to the collector. In addition, the coin art and jewelry in the collection serve to highlight the broad reach and popularity of the series in the Middle East and Africa.

193


BRITISH COINAGE

784. CELTIC, Atrebates & Regni. Uninscribed. Circa 60-20 BC. AV Quarter Stater (13mm, 1.28 g, 2h). ‘Bognor Cogwheel’ (Atrebatic B) type. Celticized head of Apollo right with ‘hidden face’ motif / Horse, with dotted mane, running right; sun above, cogwheel below, pellet-in-annulets and crescents in field. Bean QcTM1-1b; Van Arsdell 226-1; ABC 509; SCBC 48. Toned. Near EF. ($750) Ex Geoff Cottam Collection (Spink 232, 2 December 2015), lot 59, purchased from Swann, 15 December 1994. Found Letchworth, Hertfordshire.

785. CELTIC, Atrebates & Regni. Verica. Circa AD 10-40. AV Quarter Stater (10mm, 1.25 g, 4h). Little Horse Stepping (Atrebatic I) type. Southern mint. Struck circa AD 10-20. COÂ F on tablet / Horse stepping right; ui above. CCI 990932 (this coin); Allen & Haselgrove 142-3 (dies B/a); Bean VERS1-2; Van Arsdell 467-1; ABC 1202; SCBC 125. Good VF. ($500) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex V. C. Vecchi (8 October 1986), lot 16.

786. CELTIC, Trinovantes & Catuvellauni. Addedomaros. Circa 45-25 BC. AV Stater (18mm, 5.49 g). Spiral (Trinovantian J) type. Six-armed spiral of wreaths / Celticized horse right; pellets-in-annulets around, ‘cornucopia’ below; ADDiiDOÂ. Van Arsdell 1620-1; ABC 2517; SCBC 201. Toned. Near EF. ($1500) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

787. CELTIC, Trinovantes & Catuvellauni. Addedomaros. Circa 45-25 BC. AV Quarter Stater (13mm, 1.34 g). Floral (Trinovantian J) type. Cross-shaped floral design with pellet-in-annulet in center, annulets between petals, and pellets at petal ends / Celticized horse right; pellet-in-annulet below, ornaments around. Van Arsdell 1623-1; ABC 2529; SCBC 204. Lightly toned. Good VF. ($500) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group Inventory 505829 (February 2019).

788. CELTIC, Trinovantes & Catuvellauni. Andoco. Circa 20–1 BC. AV Quarter Stater (12mm, 1.35 g, 4h). Crescent Wreath (Trinovantian Q) type. Two crescents facing back-to-back over crossed wreath motif; A-N-D-O in angles / Horse prancing left; bucranium above, seven-spoked wheel below. Kretz, Problem, fig. 3; Van Arsdell 1863-1; ABC 2718; SCBC 263. Choice EF. Rare. ($1500) 194


789. CELTIC, Trinovantes & Catuvellauni. Sego. Circa AD 5-15. AV Quarter Stater (12mm, 1.28 g, 4h). Sego Tascio Tablet (Trinovantian P) type. TAÍCiO in central panel; above and below, wheel flanked by pellets / Horse left; pellets-withinannulet above, uncertain ornament to left; pelleted semicircle set on ground line below. Van Arsdell 1848-1; ABC 444; SCBC 225 (Tasciovanus). Obverse slightly off center. EF. Extremely rare, none in CoinArchives. ($2500) Far superior to the ABC and Van Arsdell plate coin.

790

791

790. CELTIC, Dobunni. Uninscribed. Circa 60-20 BC. AV Quarter Stater (15mm, 1.28 g). Dubonnic Abstract Type. [Devolved head of Apollo right] / Horse right; sun motif above, open crescents flanking, reversed S-like ornament below, pellets in fields. Van Arsdell 1010-3; ABC 2009; SCBC 375. Struck with worn obverse die (typical of issue). Near EF. Unusually full flan. ($750) 791. CELTIC, Dobunni. Bodvoc. Circa 25-5 BC. AR Unit (13.5mm, 1.03 g, 4h). Boduoc Young Head (Dobunnic C) type. Male head left; BODuAC to left / Celticized horse right; pellet-in-annulet and crescents above, pellet-in-annulet within pellet ring below, ornaments in fields. Van Arsdell, Dobunni 13; Van Arsdell 1057-1; ABV 2042; SCBC 389. Toned, slightly granular surfaces as usual. Choice EF. Superb portrait. ($1000)

792. CELTIC, Dobunni. Corio. Circa 20 BC - AD 5. AV Stater (18.5mm, 5.46 g, 5h). Corio Tree (Dobunnic B) type. Stylized tree with pellet at base / Celticized horse right; COri[O] and crescent above, wheel below, pellets in fields. Van Arsdell 1035-1; ABC 2048; SCBC 386. Off center and soft strike on obverse. EF. ($2000)

793. CELTIC, North-Eastern series (‘Corieltauvi’). Uninscribed. Circa 60-20 BC. AV Stater (20mm, 6.07 g, 3h). North East Coast (Corieltauvian A) type. Devolved head of Apollo right / Celticized horse right; pellets and ornaments around, zig-zag in exergue. Van Arsdell 801-3; ABC 1716; SCBC 28. Good VF. ($750)

195


794. CELTIC, North-Eastern series (‘Corieltauvi’). Uninscribed. Circa 60-20 BC. AV Quarter Stater (12mm, 1.20 g, 9h). Torksey (Corieltauvian –) type. Central pellet in ring with four radial spokes; crescents and stylized locks of hair in quarters / Celticized horse left; star in ring to upper right, rings to left and below. Van Arsdell –; ABC 1776; SCBC –. Minor die rust on obverse. Near EF. Well centered. Extremely rare – none in CoinArchives. ($2000)

795. CELTIC, North-Eastern series (‘Corieltauvi’). Vepo. Circa AD 15-40. AV Stater (19mm, 5.28 g). Vepo Traidic (Corieltauvian N) type. Vertical wreath bisected by crescent-ended bar; pellets-in-annulets flanking, S-shaped symbols in corners / Lunate horse prancing left; pellet to left, †R above, COrF below. Van Arsdell 960-1; ABC 1854; SCBC 410. Good VF. ($1000)

796. CELTIC, Iceni. Uninscribed. Circa AD 10-40. AR Unit (13mm, 1.22 g, 10h). Norfolk God (Icenian O) type. Celticized head right with mustache; [two trefoils before] / Celticized horse right; wheel above, lozenge-shaped box below. Allen, Coins 103-6; Van Arsdell 794-1 (Boudicca); ABC 1567; SCBC 434. Lightly toned. EF. ($300) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

Wuneetton Thrymsa

797. ANGLO-SAXON, Substantive Gold Phase. Circa 620-645. AV Thrymsa – Shilling (14.5mm, 1.26 g, 9h). Witmenderived (‘Wuneetton’) type. Mint in Essex(?). Head right with two-banded collar with pellets; to right, trident with split base / Cross pattée within double beaded circle;  around. EMC 2018.0326 (this coin); Sutherland Type IV.iii, 73 (O2/R2); A&W Type V.xiv; EMC 8 table 3, 23; Metcalf 77; SCBI 63 (BM), 14; SCBI 69 (Abramson), 4; North 26; SCBC 761. Light rim crease with small associated crack, a few light marks. VF. Bold strike on a broad flan. The reverse reading particularly clear. Very rare. ($5000) Found Over, Cambridgeshire, September 2018.

798. ANGLO-SAXON, Pale Gold Phase. Circa 645-665/70. AV Thrymsa – Shilling (11mm, 1.25 g, 5h). ‘Two Emperors’ type. Diademed and draped bust right; pseudo legend around / Two small busts facing, holding two orbs between them; above, Victory with wings enfolding the figures; three pellets to each side of Victory’s head. Sutherland Type IIT.v, 32 (unlisted dies); A&W Type V.xxvii; SCBI 63 (BM), 27–8 (same obv. die); EMC 8 table 3, 30; Metcalf 79–80; SCBI 63 (BM), 27; SCBI 69 (Abramson), –; North 20; SCBC 767. Good VF. High gold content. Rare. ($4000) 196


800 799 799. ANGLO-SAXON, Primary Sceattas. Circa 695-700/5. AR Sceatt (11.5mm, 1.15 g, 12h). Series BZ, type 29b. Mint in East Anglia. *¨¨CC*CC¬5, rudimentary facing head of Christ / Bird standing right upon cross; unclear legend around. Abramson 17.10; EMC 8 Series BZ, 107; North 131; SCBC 778. Rich find patina. Good VF. ($500) 800. ANGLO-SAXON, Continental Sceattas. Circa 710/5-720. AR Sceatt (13mm, 1.21 g). Series G, type 3a. Quentovic mint. Diademed head right; cross pommée before / Standard with central pellet-in-annulet, saltires in three angles, trefoil of pellets in one. Abramson 21.20; cf. EMC 8 Series G, 302-3 (for type); SCBC 800. Lightly toned, irregular shaped flan. EF. ($400) While they undoubtedly circulated in England, Series G sceattas are found in a widely diffuse pattern, with minor concentrations in Sussex and Yorkshire, which suggests that they may in fact be continental imports. Metcalf, in hts catalog of the Ashmolean museum, notes a small concentration of the type in Northern France, and suggests that they were struck at the major Channel center of Quentovic.

801 802 801. ANGLO-SAXON, Continental Sceattas. Circa 715-740/50. AR Sceatt (13mm, 1.06 g). Hexagon type. Mint in Austrasia or Frisia. Cross within Star of David-like design; pellets around / Central cross with radiating lines and pellets around, and cross above. Abramson 109.10; EMC 8 Series ST, 295-6 ; SCBC 796. Some deposits. Good VF. Unusually good silver for issue. ($750) 802. ANGLO-SAXON, Continental Sceattas. Circa 715-800/20. AR Sceatt (12mm, 0.91 g, 3h). Series X, type 31. Ribe mint. ‘Wodan’ head facing; pellet above, short cross pommée to left and right / Fantastic creature flying left, head right, with tail coiled leftward. Abramson 104.10; EMC 8 Series X, 316; SCBC 797. Near EF. ($750)

803

804

803. ANGLO-SAXON, Secondary Sceattas. Circa 720-735/50. AR Sceatt (13mm, 1.03 g, 7h). Series H, type 49. Hamwic mint. ‘Wodan’ head within pelleted border; around, ten pellets-in-annulets with pellet between them / Bird standing right; pellet-in-pelleted-annulet to right, three pellets around. Abramson 48.1010; EMC 8 Series H, 333; SCBC 801A. EF. Good metal. Rare thus. ($1500) 804. ANGLO-SAXON, Secondary Sceattas. Circa 730-750. AR Sceatt (13mm, 1.05 g, 12h). Series QIH, type 98 or 35. East Anglia (West Norfolk?). Diademed and draped bust right, holding cross scepter; pellets around / Quadruped standing left, head right, long crest entwining legs. Abramson 63.90; EMC 8 Series Q, 510; SCBC 808D. Glossy find patina, a spot of hard green and some light earthen deposits. EF. Very rare. ($1500)

197


Exceptional Beonna Sceatt

805. ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of East Anglia. Beonna. Circa 749-760/5. AR Sceatt (15mm, 1.04 g, 4h). Mint in northern East Anglia (Thetford?); Efe, moneyer. Struck circa 757-760/5. ᛒᚾᚾᚪ  around pellet within beaded circle / Central lozenge with joined qiuncunx; /Ḧ/   in quadrants, triple-pellets flanking each letter. Archibald dies O2/R4; SCBI 63 (BM), 789 (same dies); North 430; SCBC 945. Trace of find deposit on reverse. Near EF. A particularly well struck example in good metal. Very rare thus. ($5000)

Ex Lockett and Roth Collections

806. ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of Wessex. Æthelberht. 858-865/6. AR Penny (21mm, 1.44 g, 10h). Inscribed Cross type (BMC i). Canterbury mint; Oshere, moneyer. Struck circa 858-864. ม ⌃ዞTዞ⌦ዛዞ⌃ያhያዞҟ, draped bust right / ม ɭ⎄ዧዞ ያዞ ⍴ɭ n ዞ ˸ ⌃ in and around arms of beaded cross. Naismith 198g (this coin); SCBI 67 (BM), 1282; North 620; SCBC 1053. Toned, light porosity, small flaw on obverse. VF. ($2000) Ex Christie’s (22 June 1982), lot 294; Spink Numismatic Circular LXXX.6 (June 1972), no. 6328; Richard Cyrill Lockett Collection (English Part I, 6 June 1955), lot 478 (part of); Bernard Roth Collection (Part I, Sotheby, Wilkinson & Hodge, 19 July 1917), lot 62.

807. ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of Wessex. Æthelstan. 924-939. AR Penny (22mm, 1.25 g, 10h). Circumscription Cross (CC) (BMC v). Derby mint; Ondrese (Andreas/Andrew?), moneyer. ม ዞዝዞ⌦Ӳ˸©Ƀ ያዞᛸ Ӳ©มɭያ⎍ዡ, small cross pattée / ม ɭዡዝያዞӲ ዦɭ ˸ዢn ዝዞɭያ©ዛ⎍ዢ, small cross pattée; ዦ in field. Blunt, Aethelstan –; SCBI 34 (BM), –; North 672; SCBC 1093. Lightly toned. Superb EF. Extremely rare; an apparently unpublished moneyer for this type and mint. ($3000)

Wonderful Portrait

808. ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of Wessex. Æthelstan. 924-939. AR Penny (22mm, 1.36 g, 10h). Bust Crowned/ Helmet type (BMC xii). North-Eastern II mint; Aginhard, moneyer. ม ®Tዞ⌦Ӳ˸©ዡ ያዞᛸ, helmeted and draped bust right / ม űዢn©ያዝ ዦɭnዞ˸©, cross-crosslet. Blunt, Aethelstan 411; SCBI 34 (BM), 245; North 686; SCBC 1104. Lightly toned. EF. Characterful portrait. Very rare. ($5000) 198


809. ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of Wessex. Eadmund. 939-946. AR Penny (22mm, 1.54 g, 4h). Circumscription cross/ Horizontal-Rosette 1 (HR 1) type (BMC ic). Uncertain mint; Ælfweald, moneyer. Small cross pattée / ®⌦ዟ⎍/©⌦ዝ ዦ in two lines; three crosses pattée between, trefoil above and below. CTCE 170; SCBI 34 (BM), 403; North 691; SCBC 1105. Lightly toned. Superb EF. ($1000)

810. ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of Wessex. Eadred. 946-955. AR Penny (22mm, 1.57 g, 10h). Circumscription cross/ Horizontal-Trefoil 1 (HT 1) type (BMC i). Uncertain mint in the Midlands or south; Asulfr, moneyer. Small cross pattée / ɭӲ⎍⌦/ዟ ዦɭn in two lines; three crosses pattée between, trefoil above and below. CTCE –; cf. SCBI 34 (BM), 551 (Horizontal Trefoil-Cross); North 706; SCBC 1113. Glossy dark find patina. Near EF. ($750)

811. ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of All England. Æthelred II. 978-1016. AR Penny (20mm, 1.59 g, 3h). Long Cross type (BMC iva, Hild. D). Warwick mint; Burhsige, moneyer. Struck circa 997-1003. Draped bust left; pellet behind bust / ม Bҹʽ ƊSƩű e ȵቸ ɭ P®ʽƩ, voided long cross, with pellet at center and triple-crescent ends. Ebsworth 13 (this coin); SCBI 20 (Mack), 960 (same dies; Wareham mint); Hild 3870; North 774; SCBC 1151. Toned, peck marks. Good VF. Very rare mint. ($750) Ex Dr. Erik Miller Collection, purchased from A.H. Baldwin, 21 May 1965 (with ticket in the hand of Peter Mitchell); N.J. Ebsworth Collection (his ticket included, stating ‘die duplicate’).

Extremely Rare

812. ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of All England. Æthelred II. 978-1016. AR Penny (19.5mm, 0.87 g, 12h). Last Small Cross type (BMC i, var. d, Hild. A, var. e). London mint; Ealdred, moneyer. Struck 1009-1016. ม eTeǧʽeē ʽeแ ⍒, diademed and draped bust left; bust reaches to edge of coin / ม e_ǧēʽeē ȵ ɭ ǧVnē, small cross pattée. Lyon, Two –; SCBI 7 –; cf. Hild. 2443 (for moneyer); North 778; SCBC 1155. Lightly toned, a few peck marks, broken and repaired. Near EF. An extremely rare type, especially so with this fine style portrait & the obverse legend commencing at 8 o’clock. ($300) 199


813. ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of All England. Cnut. 1016-1035. AR Penny (20mm, 1.43 g, 3h). Quatrefoil type (BMC viii, Hild. E). Norwich mint; Godwine, moneyer. Struck circa 1016-1023. Crowned bust left in quatrefoil / ฾ üɭ ē PƩn ⌓ ɭn ɭʽT, voided long cross with triple-crescent ends and pellet at center, over quatrefoil. SCBI 15 (Copenhagen), 3163 (same dies); North 781; SCBC 1157. Lightly toned. EF. ($500)

814. ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of All England. Harthacnut. 1035-1042. AR Penny (19mm, 1.15 g, 6h). Arm and Scepter type, in the name of Cnut (BMC xvii, Hild. I). Exeter mint; Leofwine, moneyer. Struck 1040-1042. ม ünVͿ ያዞüҟ © ˘, diademed bust left, holding trefoil-tipped scepter / ม ǮeɭŖPƩne ɭn ዞüҟü, quadrilateral, with pellet in center and angles, over voided short cross. EMC 2019.0037 (this coin); SCBI 40 (Stockholm), 1797 = Hild. 402 (same dies); North 799; SCBC 1169. Near EF. Very rare. ($2500) Found March, Cambridgeshire, January 2019.

815. ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of All England. Edward the Confessor. 1042-1066. AR Penny (19.5mm, 1.26 g, 3h). Hammer Cross type (BMC xia, Hild. G var.). Dorchester mint; Blareman (Blacaman), moneyer. Struck circa 1059-1062. ส ⌓©ēʖ©ʽ ē ʽ⌓, crowned bust right, scepter before / ฾ BǮ©ʽeȵ©n ɭëɭ ʽü, voided cross, arms terminating in inwardfacing crescents; saltire cross in second and third quarters. Cf. Freeman, p. 430; SCBI –; North 828; SCBC 1182. Lightly toned. Good VF. Very rare. ($1000) Apparently unrecorded with additional saltires on the reverse, a distinctive feature found on some other reverses of late Confessor types at Dorchester.

816. ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of All England. Edward the Confessor. 1042-1066. AR Penny (20mm, 1.29 g, 9h). Hammer Cross type (BMC xia, Hild. G var.). Ilchester mint; Godrine (Godwine), moneyer. Struck circa 1059-1062. ส ⌓ēʖ⌓ʽ ē ʽX •, crowned bust right, scepter before / ฾ űɭēʽƩɉ ɭn űƩś⌓Ǯü⌓ Ḧ, voided cross, arms terminating in inward-facing crescents; straight line across lower limb. Freeman, 28; SCBI –; North 828; SCBC 1182. Lightly toned. Good VF. Very rare. ($1500)

200


817. ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of All England. Harold II. 1066. AR Penny (19.5mm, 1.27 g, 12h). Pax type (BMC i). London mint; Leofsige, moneyer. ม H¥ʼɭ⌦ዝ ʼዞҟ ©nŻɭ, crowned head left; scepter before / ม ⌦ዞɭŖSዢ ɭn ⌦V⎴ĕዞዢዢ, ዩ¨ҟ across central field. SCBI 48 (Northern), 1082; North 836; SCBC 1186. Toned, a few light marks. Near EF. ($3000)

818. NORMAN. William I ‘the Conqueror’. 1066-1087. AR Penny (19.5mm, 1.42 g, 8h). Profile/Cross Fleurée type (BMC i). London mint; Eadwine, moneyer. Struck 1066-1068. ม ዩዢ⌦⌦ዞƩƩS ያዞҟ ©ዢ, crowned bust left; scepter before / ม e©ĕPƩne ɭn ǮVnē, cross fleurée, with pellet-in-annulet at center. SCBI 20 (Mack), 1348 (same dies); North 839; SCBC 1250. Toned. Good VF. ($2500) Ex Williams Collection; Stack’s ‘Special Offering of British Coins’ (8 April 1989), lot 742.

819. NORMAN. William I ‘the Conqueror’. 1066-1087. AR Penny (19mm, 1.32 g, 12h). Canopy type (BMC iii). Leicester mint; Ægelwine, moneyer. Struck circa 1070-1072. ม ዩዢ⌦⌦ዞ⍵V ያዞҟዢ, crowned facing bust within canopy of two columns / ม ®g⌓⌦ዩƩn⌓ ∂n ⌦⌓g`, double quadrilateral, with incurved sides, annulet at center, and fleur at each limb. SCBI –; BMC 189 (same dies as illustration); North 843; SCBC 1252. A few light marks. Near EF. Well struck portrait and canopy. Very rare. ($2000)

820. TUDOR. Henry VII. 1485-1509. AV Angel (28mm, 4.90 g, 8h). Type V. Tower (London) mint; im: pheon. Struck 1505-1509. Archangel Michael slaying dragon to lower right / Ship bearing coat-of-arms; above, cross between Һ and rose. SCBI 23 (Ashmolean) 66; cf. Schneider 542 (for obv.); North 1698; SCBC 2187. Lightly toned, traces of deposits in devices, slight double strike on obverse. VF. ($1500)

201


821. TUDOR. Henry VIII. 1509-1547. AR Halfgroat (19mm, 1.28 g, 1h). Second coinage. Canterbury mint; im: cross patonce/T. William Warham, archbishop. Struck 1526-1532. Crowned bust right / Coat-of-arms over long cross fourchée, with saltire in forks; W Λ flanking. North 1802; SCBC 2343. Toned. Good VF. A good portrait coin. ($300) From the Rye Collection.

822. TUDOR. Elizabeth I. 1558-1603. AR Groat (18mm, 1.90 g, 9h). First issue. Tower (London) mint; im: lis. Struck 1558-1560. B&C bust 1F left; beaded inner circle / Coat-of-arms over long cross fourchée, beaded inner circle. BCW LS-3B/LSe4; North 1986; SCBC 2551. Find patina, some light marks, slightly creased but very full flan. Good VF. Rare. ($750)

823. TUDOR. Elizabeth I. 1558-1603. AR Sixpence (26mm, 3.04 g, 6h). Milled coinage. Tower (London) mint; im: star. Dated 1562. Crowned B&B bust D left; rose to right / Coat-of-arms over long cross fourchée. Borden & Brown 26; North 2025/2; SCBC 2594. Toned, traces of [...]ODA in India ink in field on obverse. Good VF. ($500) From the Rye Collecttion.

824. COMMONWEALTH. 1649-1660. AR Sixpence (26mm, 3.00 g, 1h). Tower (London) mint; im: sun. Dated 1656. English coat-of-arms in wreath / Coat-of-arms bearing St. George’s Cross and Irish harp; • VI • above. ESC 1492; North 2726; SCBC 3219. Toned, minor die breaks. Good VF. ($1000) From the Rye Collection.

202


825 826 825. STUART. Charles II. 1660-1685. CU Pattern Halfpenny (33mm, 9.98 g, 12h). Dies by John Roettier. Tower (London) mint. Undated issue. CAROLVS · A · CAROLO, laureate and cuirassed bust left / QVATVOR · MAR IA · VINDICO, Britannia seated left on globe, holding laurel branch and scepter and resting arm on shield at side, BRITANNIA in exergue. Peck 404. Attractive chocolate tone with traces of luster, minor flan flaws. EF. Well struck for issue. ($500) From the Brondesbury Collection, purchased from Seaby, 21 August 1968.

826. STUART (ORANGE). William III. 1694-1702. Proof AR Pattern Farthing (25mm, 4.03 g, 6h). Dies by James and John Roettier. Tower (London) mint. Dated 1698. GVLIELMVS TERTIVS ·, laureate and cuirassed bust right / BRITAN NIA · 1698 ·, Britannia seated left on globe, holding laurel branch and scepter and resting arm on shield at side. Peck 680. Iridescent tone with underlying brilliance, a few light hairlines. As struck. ($500) From the Brondesbury Collection, purchased from Seaby, 31 December 1968.

827 828 827. HANOVER. George III. 1760-1820. Gilt Proof CU Pattern Penny (36mm, 28.33 g, 6h). Second issue; ‘Cartwheel’ coinage. Late Soho (Birmingham) mint. Dated 1797. Laureate bust right; K :· on truncation of bust / Britannia seated left on rocky outcropping, holding olive branch and trident; Union shield to right; in background to left, ship under sail right on sea; K on rock to right of shield; 1797 in incuse in exergue. Edge: plain. Peck 1089. Toned with considerable brilliance, a few light hairlines. Proof. ($1000) From the Brondesbury Collection, purchased from Seaby, 20 August 1969.

828. HANOVER. George III. 1760-1820. Bronzed CU Pattern Halfpenny (31mm, 17.87 g, 6h). Restrike issue. By W. Taylor after C. H. Küchler. Dated 1797. Laureate and draped bust right; K on truncation of arm / Britannia seated left on rocky outcropping with SOHO and triple pellets above, holding olive branch and trident; Union shield to right; in background to left, ship under sail right on sea; 1797 in incuse in exergue. Peck 1167. Superb EF, attractive red-brown toning, a few faint finger marks. Very rare. ($1000) Ex Anthony Halse Collection of British Pattern Coins.

829. HANOVER. George III. 1760-1820. Gilt Proof CU Penny (34mm, 18.84 g, 12h). Fourth issue. Soho (Birmingham) mint. Dated 1806. Laureate and draped bust right; K · on truncation of arm; 1806 below / Britannia seated left on rocky outcropping with SOHO, holding olive branch and trident; Union shield to right; K between trident and shield; in background to left, ship under sail right on sea. Peck 1322; SCBC 3780. Lightly toned with underlying brilliance, minor marks before Britannia’s face on reverse. Proof. ($500) From the Brondesbury Collection, purchased from Seaby, 18 August 1969.

203


Ex Herman Selig Collection

830. HANOVER. George III. 1760-1820. CU Pattern Dollar of Five Shillings and Sixpence (42mm, 32..78 g, 6h). Bank of England issue, Type K/5a. Tower (London) mint. Dated 1811. GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA REX., laureate and draped bust left; ᚫ · ᚫ on truncation of bust / BANK/TOKEN/5S. 6D./1811 in four lines; all within oak wreath; I · P · below tie. Davis 37; cf. L&S 129-130; ESC 206; SCBC –. In NGC encapsulation, 4740160-006, graded PF 65 BN. Most attractively toned with traces of underlying red. ($2000) Ex Spink 157 (15 November 2001), lot 541; Herman Selig Collection (Part II, Spink 131, 2 March 1999), lot 1252; Spink 16 (9 July 1981), lot 656.

831. HANOVER. George IV. 1820-1830. AV Two Pounds (28.5mm, 15.98 g, 6h). London mint. Dated 1823. Large head left / Pistrucci’s St. George and the Dragon. Edge: Raised lettering. Cf. W&R 218 (for issue in proof); MCE 470; SCBC 3798. Some light hairlines and marks. EF. Proof-like fields. ($1500) From the G. W. K. Roberts Collection.

832. HANOVER. William IV. 1830-1837. Proof AV Two Pounds (27.5mm, 15.91 g, 6h). London mint. Dated 1831. First head right / Crowned coat-of-arms; shield in ornate frame. Edge: plain. W&R 258; SCBC 3828. In NGC encapsulation, 4740160-001, graded PROOF DETAILS, RIM REPAIR. Very rare. ($6000) From the G. W. K. Roberts Collection, purchased from Sidney W. Smith, January 1980.

833. HANOVER. William IV. 1830-1837. AV Sovereign (22.5mm, 8.04 g, 6h). London mint. Dated 1831. First head right / Crowned coat-of-arms; shield in ornate frame. Marsh 16; Bentley 25; MCE 489; SCBC 3829. A few light marks, traces of luster. Near EF. Rare. ($1500) From the G. W. K. Roberts Collection.

204


834 835 834. HANOVER. William IV. 1830-1837. AV Sovereign (22.5mm, 7.94 g, 16h). London mint. Dated 1831. First head right / Crowned coat-of-arms; shield in ornate frame. Marsh 16; Bentley 25; MCE 489; SCBC 3829. Light marks. Near VF. Rare. ($1000) From the G. W. K. Roberts Collection.

835. HANOVER. William IV. 1830-1837. AV Sovereign (22.5mm, 7.85 g, 16h). London mint. Dated 1831. First head right / Crowned coat-of-arms; shield in ornate frame. Marsh 16; Bentley 25; MCE 489; SCBC 3829. Light scratch on reverse. Fine. Rare. ($500) From the G. W. K. Roberts Collection.

836. HANOVER. William IV. 1830-1837. Pattern AV Sovereign (22mm, 7.74 g, 6h). London mint. Dated 1830. Second head right / Crowned coat-of-arms; shield in ornate frame. Edge: plain. Marsh 15D; Bentley 394; W&R 260; SCBC 3829B. In NGC encapsulation, 4740160-004, graded PF 61 ULTRA CAMEO. ($7500) From the G. W. K. Roberts Collection, purchased from Sidney W. Smith, January 1980.

837. HANOVER. William IV. 1830-1837. Proof AV Sovereign (22mm, 7.66 g, 5h). London mint. Dated 1831. Second head right / Crowned coat-of-arms; shield in ornate frame. Edge: plain. Marsh 16D; Bentley 24; W&R 261; SCBC 3829B. In NGC encapsulation, 4740160-004, graded PF 63 ULTRA CAMEO. ($7500) From the G. W. K. Roberts Collection, purchased from Sidney W. Smith, December 1979.

838. HANOVER. William IV. 1830-1837. Proof AV Sovereign (22mm, 7.58 g, 5h). London mint. Dated 1831. Second head right / Crowned coat-of-arms; shield in ornate frame. Edge: plain. Marsh 16D; Bentley 24; W&R 261; SCBC 3829B. In NGC encapsulation, 4740160-003, graded PF 61 ULTRA CAMEO. Rare. ($6000) From the G. W. K. Roberts Collection.

205


839

840

841

839. HANOVER. William IV. 1830-1837. AV Sovereign (22.5mm, 7.87 g, 6h). London mint. Dated 1832. Second head right / Crowned coat-of-arms; shield in ornate frame. Marsh –; Bentley 26; MCE 489; SCBC 3829B. Fine. ($500) From the G. W. K. Roberts Collection.

840. HANOVER. William IV. 1830-1837. AV Sovereign (22.5mm, 7.97 g, 6h). London mint. Dated 1835. Second head right / Crowned coat-of-arms; shield in ornate frame. Marsh 19; Bentley 30; MCE 492; SCBC 3829B. Near VF. ($750) From the G. W. K. Roberts Collection.

841. HANOVER. William IV. 1830-1837. AV Sovereign (22.5mm, 7.99 g, 6h). London mint. Dated 1836. Second head right / Crowned coat-of-arms; shield in ornate frame. Marsh 20; Bentley 964; MCE 493; SCBC 3829B. VF. ($750) From the G. W. K. Roberts Collection.

842 843 842. HANOVER. William IV. 1830-1837. AV Sovereign (22.5mm, 7.94 g, 6h). London mint. Dated 1836. Second head right / Crowned coat-of-arms; shield in ornate frame. Marsh 20; Bentley 964; MCE 493; SCBC 3829B. Minor deposits on reverse. Fine. ($500) From the G. W. K. Roberts Collection.

843. HANOVER. William IV. 1830-1837. AV Sovereign (22.5mm, 7.93 g, 6h). London mint. Dated 1837. Second head right / Crowned coat-of-arms; shield in ornate frame. Marsh 21; Bentley 965; MCE 494; SCBC 3829B. Slightly sweated surfaces. Fine. ($400) From the G. W. K. Roberts Collection.

844. HANOVER. William IV. 1830-1837. Proof AV Half Sovereign (17mm, 3.96 g, 6h). Small size. London mint. Dated 1831. Head right / Crowned coat-of-arms; shield in ornate frame. Edge: plain. Marsh, Half 409E; W&R 267; SCBC 3830. In NGC encapsulation, 4740160-005, graded PF 63 ULTRA CAMEO. ($4000) From the G. W. K. Roberts Collection.

845. HANOVER. William IV. 1830-1837. AV Half Sovereign (19.5mm, 3.98 g, 6h). London mint. Dated 1837. Head right / Crowned coat-of-arms; shield in ornate frame. Marsh, Half 413; MCE 498; SCBC 3831. Minor deposits in devices, some marks on cheek. Near VF. ($400) From the G. W. K. Roberts Collection.

206


846 847 846. HANOVER. Victoria. 1837-1901. AR Crown (38mm, 28.33 g, 6h). Young head coinage. London mint. Duallydated RY VIII and 1845. Young head left / Crowned coat-of-arms within wreath; in exergue, thistle, rose, and shamrock. ESC 282; MCE 1156; SCBC 3882. Toned since last appearance, lustrous, a few light marks. EF. ($750) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 88 (14 September 2011), lot 2077.

847. HANOVER. Victoria. 1837-1901. AR Crown (39mm, 28.16 g, 3h). Gothic type. London mint. Dated RY undecimo and mdcccxlvii (1847). Crowned Gothic bust left / Crowned cruciform coats-of-arms around central Garter Star; rose, thistle and shamrock in quarters composed of arches ending in lis. Edge: lettered. ESC 288; MCE 1158; SCBC 3883. Toned, light marks. Near EF. ($1000) Ex Triton XIII (5 January 2010), lot 2099.

848 849 848. HANOVER. Victoria. 1837-1901. AR Crown (39mm, 12h). Jubilee coinage. London mint. Dated 1887. Jubilee bust left / Pistrucci’s St. George and the Dragon. ESC 296; MCE 1159; SCBC 3921. In NGC encapsulation, 1520537-019, graded MS 63. ($300) Ex Triton XI (8 January 2008), lot 1701.

849. HANOVER. Victoria. 1837-1901. AR Crown (39mm, 12h). Old Head coinage. London mint. Dated RY LX and 1896. Crowned and veiled bust left / Pistrucci’s St. George and the Dragon. ESC 311; MCE 1172; SCBC 3937. In NGC encapsulation, 1908832-001, graded MS 63. Areas of frosty luster, some bag marks. ($500) Ex Triton XI (8 January 2008), lot 1703.

850 851 850. HANOVER. Victoria. 1837-1901. Proof Cupro-Nickel Quarter Farthing (14mm, 1.16 g, 12h). For use in Ceylon. London mint. Dated 1868. Young head left / Value and date in three lines; crown above, rose below. Peck 1615; SCBC 3953. Lightly toned. Proof. Very rare. ($750) From the Brondesbury Park Collection, purchased from Seaby, 1967.

851. HANOVER. Victoria. 1837-1901. Proof Æ Quarter Farthing (14mm, 1.13 g, 12h). For use in Ceylon. London mint. Dated 1868. Young head left / Value and date in three lines; crown above, rose below. Peck 1616; SCBC 3953. Iridescent toning. Proof. Very rare. ($300) From the Brondesbury Park Collection, purchased from Seaby, 16 September 1969.

207


852. HANOVER. Victoria. 1837-1901. Proof Æ Third Farthing (16mm, 0.92 g, 13h). For use in Malta. London mint. Dated 1866. Laureate head left / Value and date in three lines; crown above; all within wreath. Peck 1927; SCBC 3960. Considerable brilliance. Proof. Rare. ($300) From the Brondesbury Park Collection, purchased from Seaby, 18 November 1969.

853

854

853. WINDSOR. George VI. 1936-1952. Proof AV Two Pounds (27mm, 12h). Dated 1937. Head left / Pistrucci’s St. George and the Dragon. Edge: plain. W&R 437; MCE p. 61; SCBC 4075. In NGC encapsulation, 1879238-017, graded PF 64. ($1500) From the G. W. K. Roberts Collection.

854. WINDSOR. George VI. 1936-1952. Proof AV Sovereign (21mm, 12h). Dated 1937. Head left / Pistrucci’s St. George and the Dragon. Edge: plain. Bentley 365; W&R 439; MCE p. 61; SCBC 4076. In NGC encapsulation, 1878296-002, graded PF 65. ($2000) From the G. W. K. Roberts Collection.

855. SCOTLAND. Charles I. 1625-1649. AR 12 Shillings (33mm, 5.91 g, 6h). Third coinage, Falconer’s (first) issue, type IV. Edinburgh mint; im: F and thistle. Struck 1637-1642. Crowned, armored, and draped bust left; XII (mark of value) behind / Crowned coat-of-arms; crowned C R above lozenges flanking shield. SCBI 35 (Ashmolean & Hunterian) 1502–8; SCBC 5561. Toned. Good VF. ($500) From the Matthew J. Curtis Collection.

208


BRITISH MEDALS

856. ENGLISH CIVIL WAR. Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex. Captain-General and Chief Commander of the Parliamentarian army, 1642-1646. Gilt Cast AR Military Badge (38x55mm, 14.56 g, 12h). By T. Rawlins. Dated 1642. Should hear both houSes of parliamant For true Religion and Subiects fredom Stand/ Pro Religione · Lege · Rege · et Parliamento engraved around edge, armored half-length bust facing slightly left, holding sword in right hand; SX engraved above; all within ornate laurel and rose frame / View of the Houses of Parliament: above, Charles I attending the House of Lords; House of Commons below; all within ornate laurel and rose frame. Farquhar, Portraits, p. 248; MI 295/113; Eimer 140. Toned, field lightly chased. EF. Frame with original suspension loops, uppermost with original suspension ring. A superb example. Rarely encountered in such high grade. ($4000)

209


GENERAL BIBLIOGRAPHY

Please refer to our online bibliography at www.cngcoins.com for a complete listing of specialized and general references used, and abbreviations.

ANCIENT Banti BMC BMCRE BN Bodenstedt Boehringer Bopearachchi Depeyrot Calicó CNS Crawford CRI Fischer-Bossert Flament Hendin HN Italy Meshorer MK MIR Price Prieur RIC RPC RSC SC Sellwood SNG ANS SNG BM Black Sea SNG Copenhagen SNG France SNG Kayhan SNG Levante SNG Lloyd SNG Lockett SNG München SNG von Aulock Starr Svoronos Traité Weidauer

A. Banti. I grandi bronzi imperiali. 9 Vols. Florence. 1983-1986. Various authors. Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum. 29 Vols. London. 1873-1927. H. Mattingly et al. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum. 6 Vols. London. 1932-1962. J. Giard. Bibliothèque Nationale, catalogue des monnaies de l’empire romain. 3 Vols. Paris. 1976-present. F. Bodenstedt. Die Elektronmünzen von Phokaia und Mytilene. Tübingen. 1981. E. Boehringer. Die Münzen von Syrakus. Berlin and Leipzig. 1929. O. Bopearachchi. Monnaies Gréco-Bactriennes et Indo-Grecques. Paris. 1991. G. Depeyrot. Les monnaies d’or (Diocletian à Constantin I, Constantin II à Zenon). Wetteren. 1995-1996. X. Calicó. The Roman avrei catalogue. 2 Vols. Barcelona. 2002. R. Calciati. Corpus Nummorum Siculorum: la monetazione di bronzo. 3 Vols. Italy. 1983-87. M. Crawford. Roman Republican Coinage. 2 Vols. Cambridge. 1974. D. Sear. The History and Coinage of the Roman Imperators 49-27 BC. London. 1998. W. Fischer-Bossert. Chronologie der Didrachmenprägung von Tarent 510-280 v.Chr. Berlin 1999. C. Flament. Le monnayage en argent d’Athènes. De l’époque archaïque à l’époque hellénistique (c. 550-c. 40 av. J.-C.). Lovainla-Neuve. 2007. D. Hendin. Guide to Biblical Coins. 5th Edition. New York. 2010. N.K. Rutter, ed. Historia Numorum. Italy. London. 2001. Y. Meshorer. A Treasury of Jewish Coins from the Persian Period to Bar Kokhba. Jerusalem. 2001. R. Göbl. Münzprägung des Kušanreiches. Vienna. 1984. R. Göbl, et al. Moneta Imperii Romani. 5 Vols. Vienna. 1984-present. M.J. Price. The Coinage in the Name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus. London. 1991. M. Prieur. A type corpus of the Syro-Phoenician tetradrachms and their fractions from 57 BC to AD 253. Lancaster. 2000. H. Mattingly, et al. The Roman Imperial Coinage. 10 Vols. London. 1923-1994. A. Burnett, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. 3 Vols and 2 Suppls. London and Paris. 1992-present. D. Sear, et al. Roman Silver Coins. 5 Vols. London. 1978-1987. A. Houghton & C. Lorber. Seleucid Coins: A Comprehensive Catalog. 2 Parts. Lancaster. 2002 and 2008. D. Sellwood. An Introduction to the Coinage of Parthia. 2nd edition. London. 1980. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, American Numismatic Society. New York. 1969-present. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, British Museum, 1: The Black Sea. London. 1993. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Danish National Museum. Copenhagen. 1942-1979. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Cabinet des Médailles, Bibliothèque Nationale. Paris. 1993-2001. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey 1: The Muharrem Kayhan Collection. Istanbul. 2002. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Switzerland; E Levante - Cilicia. Bern. 1986. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Lloyd Collection. London. 1933-1937. Sylloge Nummorum Greacorum, Lockett Collection. London. 1938-1949. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, München Staatlische Münzsammlung. Berlin. 1968-present. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Sammlung Hans Von Aulock. Berlin. 1957-1968. C. Starr. Athenian coinage 480-449 BC. London. 1970. J. Svoronos. Τὰ νομίσματα τοῦ κράτους τῶν Πτολεμαίων. Athens. 1904-08. E. Babelon. Traité des monnaies grecques et romaines. 9 Vols. Paris. 1901-1932. L. Weidauer. Probleme der frühen Elektronprägung. Fribourg. 1975.

BYZANTINE, MEDIEVAL, WORLD, and BRITISH Album Biaggi Bitkin BMC Vandals CIS CNI Davenport ESC Friedberg KM Levinson Lunardi MEC MIB MIBE MIR NM North SB SCBC SCBI

S. Album. A Checklist of Popular Islamic Coins. 3rd ed. Santa Rosa. 2011. E. Biaggi. Monete e zecche medievali italiane dal seculo VIII al seculo XV. Torino. 1992. V. Bitkin. Composite Catalogue of Russian Coins. 2 vols. Kiev. 2003. W. Wroth. Catalogue of the Coins of the Vandals, Ostrogoths and Lombards and of the Empires of Thessalonica, Nicaea and Trebizond in the British Museum. London. 1911. (Reprinted as Western and Provincial Byzantine Coins in the British Museum.) S. Goron and J.P. Goenka. The Coins of the Indian Sultanates. New Delhi. 2001. Corpus Nummorum Italicorum. 20 Vols. Rome. 1910-1943. J.S. Davenport. Various works on European crowns. H.A. Seaby & P.A. Rayner. The English Silver Coinage from 1649. London. 1992. R. Friedberg. Gold Coins of the World. 8th ed. Clifton. 2009. C.L. Krause & C. Mishler. Standard Catalogue of World Coins. Krause Publications. Iola. R.A. Levinson. The Early Dated Coins of Europe. Clifton, NJ. 2007. G. Lunardi. Le monete delle repubblica di genova. Genoa. 1975. P. Grierson & M. Blackburn. Medieval European Coinage. Cambridge. 1986. W. Hahn. Moneta Imperii Byzantini. 3 Vols. Vienna. 1973-81. W. Hahn and M.A. Metlich. Money of the Incipient Byzantine Empire. Vienna. 2000. Various. Monete Italiane Regionali. 5 Vols. Pavia. ND. G. Depeyrot. Le numéraire mérovingien. 5 vols. Wetteren. 1998-2001. J.J. North. English Hammered Coinage. 2 Vols. London. 1963, 1975. D. Sear, et al. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. 2nd edition. London. 1987. Standard Catalogue of British Coins. London. Annually. Various authors. Sylloge of the Coins of the British Isles.

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CNG Classical Numismatic Group, LLC

Post Office Box 479, Lancaster, PA 17608-0479 • Tel: (717) 390-9194 Fax: (717) 390-9978 20 Bloomsbury Street, London WC1B 3QA • Tel: +44 (20) 7495 1888 Fax: +44 (20) 7499 5916 Email: cng@cngcoins.com • www.cngcoins.com