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Classical Numismatic Group, Inc.

CNG Auction 108

An Internet & Mail Bid Sale Closing Wednesday, May 16, 2018


CNG Auction 108 An Internet & Mail Bid Sale Closing Electronically on Wednesday, May 16, 2018 from 10AM (ET)

Bids submitted by mail, phone, fax, and email accepted until Tuesday, May 15, 2018 at 5PM (ET) Featuring:

Ancient and World Coinage from the D. C. Kopen Collection Greek Coins from the José Miguel Márquez del Prado Collection Coins of Thrace and Macedon from the Belgica Collection (Part II) Alexander Type Coins from the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection Impressive Zeus Ammon Facing Bust Electrum Stater of Kyzikos Third Known Seal and Octopus Electrum Stater of Phokaia The MNL Collection of Seleukid Coins (Part I) Baktrian and Indian Coins from the David Nelson Collection Roman Coins from the Fendi Collection Roman Republican and Imperatorial Coins from the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection Licinius I Facing Bust Aureus – Among the Finest Known Late Roman and Byzantine Coins from the D. Massey Collection Bulgarian Coins and Seals from the Iconodule Collection Multiple Thalers and Dutch Coinage from the Jonathan K. Kern Collection The Jonathan K. Kern Collection of Siege Coinage Superb Edward the Black Prince Hardi d’Or Selections from the Anthony Halse Collection of British Pattern Coins

Classical Numismatic Group, Inc.

United States Office: PO Box 479, Lancaster, PA 17608-0479, U.S.A. Tel: (717) 390-9194 Fax: (717) 390-9978

United Kingdom Office: 20 Bloomsbury Street, London WC1B 3QA, U.K. Tel: +44 (20) 7495 1888 Fax: +44 (20) 7499 5916

Email: cng@cngcoins.com

Website: www.cngcoins.com


Grading Conditions English

Proof Mint State/Uncirculated Extremely Fine (EF) Very Fine (VF) Fine Good/Fair

Deutsch

Polierte Platte Stempelglanz Vorzüglich Sehr Schön Schön Sehr Gut Erhalten

Français

Flan Bruni Fleur de Coin Superbe Très Beau Beau Très Bien Conservé

Italiano

Fondo Specchio Fior di Conio Splendido Bellissimo Molto Bello Bello

Common Abbreviations

AD Anno Domini BCE Before the Common Era FPL Fixed Price List Æ Bronze BE Bithynio-Pontic Era g Gram AE Actian Era BI Billon IY Indictional Year AH Anno Hegirae CE Common Era MBS Mail Bid Sale AR Silver Cf. Confer (compare) PB Lead AV Gold c/m Countermark RPE Roman Provincial Era BBS Buy or Bid Sale CY Civic Year (Era) RY Regnal Year BC Before Christ EL Electrum SE Seleukid Era See Bibliography on our website, www.cngcoins.com, for a complete list of reference abbreviations

Production Staff Senior Directors: Senior Numismatist: Numismatists (U.S.): Numismatists (U.K.): Controller: Lancaster Office Manager: London Office Manager: Office Staff: Accounting: Photography & Design: Printing Control: IT Consultant:

Victor England, Jr. (U.S.) Eric J. McFadden (U.K.) Bradley R. Nelson D. Scott VanHorn Kenneth McDevitt Bill Dalzell Jeffrey B. Rill Kerry K. Wetterstrom David Guest Julia Trocmé-Latter Cathy England Karen Zander Alexandra Spyra Julia Motter Marlene Rice Tina Jordan (U.K.) Travis A. Markel Jessica Garloff Robert A. Trimble A.J. Gatlin

Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. is a United States limited company. United Kingdom Registration No. FC18173, Branch No. BR2639.


AUCTION TERMS This is an internet and mail bid sale with an automated electronic close, conducted by Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. (CNG). Bidding in the auction constitutes acceptance of the following terms: 1. The property listed in this catalogue is offered for sale by CNG for itself and as agent for various owners and other consignors. We reserve the right to reject any bid, to determine the opening price, to set bidding increments, to vary the order of the auction, to reopen bidding in the case of a dispute, to withdraw any lot, to bid on behalf of CNG, to bid on behalf of the consignor, and to permit the consignor to bid on his own lots. CNG may loan or advance money to consignors or prospective bidders, and may have an interest other than commission charges in any lot. CNG may bid on its own account as an “insider” with information not available to the public. 2. Lots will be sold in the order listed in the catalogue. The first lot will close electronically at www.cngcoins.com at 10AM Eastern Time on the sale date, with subsequent lots closing every 20 seconds thereafter. All written, fax, email and phone bids must be received by 5PM Eastern Time, on the day prior to the sale date. Electronic bids may be placed by approved bidders up until the closing time of each lot. The electronic clock on the website represents the official closing time for each lot. Bidders intending to bid electronically must first register at www.cngcoins.com. New website registrations are processed for approval Monday through Friday 9AM-5PM Eastern Time only. No new registrations will be approved on the sale date. 3. A 22.5% Buyer’s Fee will be added to the hammer price of all successful written, fax, email and phone bids. A 20% Buyer’s Fee will be added to the hammer price of all successful electronic bids directly placed on www. cngcoins.com. 4. All coins are guaranteed genuine. Attribution, date, condition and other descriptions are the opinion of the cataloguer, and no warranty is expressed or implied. Please note that an auction sale is not an approval sale. Lots examined prior to the sale and lots purchased by floor bidders (including bidders executing commission bids on behalf of other parties) may not be returned for any reason except lack of authenticity. All claims of misdescription and all claims of return, except claims regarding authenticity, must be made within 5 days of receipt of material. Any claim of lack of authenticity must be made in writing by the original purchaser immediately after discovery that an item is not authentic, and upon making such a claim the original purchaser must immediately return the lot to CNG in the same condition as at the time of the auction. Coins that have been encapsulated (“slabbed”) by a grading and/or authentication service may not be returned for any reason, including authenticity, if they have been removed from the encapsulation (“slab”). If payment is made by credit card, rights of return are governed by these Auction Terms which supercede any rights of return promulgated by the card issuer. Estimates are intended as a guide only and not as a statement of opinion of value. 5. Invoices are due and payable immediately upon receipt. Interest and late fees of 2.0% per month, or at the highest rate permitted by law, whichever is less, from the date of the auction, shall be payable on invoices not settled within 30 days of the auction date. Payment may be made by check or bank wire. Credit cards (Visa or MasterCard) will be accepted; credit card payments will not be accepted more than 14 days after the sale date. Payment by check must be made in either US dollars ($) drawn on a US bank or British sterling (£) drawn on a British bank. All successful bidders outside North America and the United Kingdom will be charged an additional $20 fee for bank charges that are the result of international wire transfer fees; this fee will be deducted for credit card or check payment as described above. CNG may reduce or compromise any charge or fee at its discretion. 6. Bidders not known to us must provide satisfactory credit references or pay a deposit as determined at CNG’s discretion before bidding. Minors are not permitted to bid without written consent of a parent guaranteeing payment. CNG may require payment in full from any bidder prior to delivery of lots. Title does not pass until lots are paid in full. Upon receipt of lots, the buyer assumes full responsibility for loss or damage. Delivery to the buyer’s address of record shall constitute receipt by the buyer regardless of the identity of the person accepting delivery.

7. Estimates are in U.S. dollars ($) and bids must be made in even dollar ($) amounts. The CNG website, www.cngcoins.com, will execute electronic bids on behalf of all electronic bidders. Subject to reserves and opening prices, all electronic bids will be executed by the electronic software at one bidding increment (approximately 10%) over the next highest bid. All written, fax, email and phone bids received before 5PM the day prior to the sale date will be uploaded to the CNG website no later than the day prior to the sale date. These bids will not be subject to the minimum required bid cited on the website at the time of the upload. Any written, fax, email and phone bids received after the deadline or with special instructions will be executed at CNG’s complete discretion and will be subject to the next bid required by the website. In the case of identical written, fax, email and phone bids, the earliest bid received wins. An electronic bid has priority over any identical written, fax, email or phone bid. Bid by lot number. No lot will be broken. Bidders are responsible for errors in bidding. Check your bids carefully. Electronic bidders may check their bids under User Services at www.cngcoins.com. 8. A word on Reserves. CNG may place a reserve on any lot. However, no reserve will be higher than the estimate, and ordinarily lots are reserved at 60% of estimate. 9. Bidders personally guarantee payment for their successful bids, including bidders executing commission bids from other parties and bidders representing corporations or other entities. Buyers accepting commission bids from other parties do so at their own risk and remain responsible for payment under these Auction Terms. 10. In the event a successful bidder fails to make full payment within 30 days of the auction date, CNG reserves the right to deem the sale incomplete and to resell the material, and the bidder agrees to pay for the reasonable cost of such a sale and also to pay any difference between the resale price and the previously successful bid. CNG reserves all rights that it is entitled to under the Pennsylvania Uniform Commercial Code, including the right to offset any sums due from a successful bidder against any future consignment or purchase or monies or goods in possession of CNG. 11. Sales tax, postage, handling and insurance are the responsibility of the buyer and are added to all invoices where appropriate. For buyers in the European Union, CNG may import lots into the United Kingdom prior to shipment and charge buyers the import Value Added Tax. On any tax not paid by the purchaser which should have been paid, even if not invoiced by CNG, the purchaser agrees to pay the same on demand together with any interest or penalty that may be assessed. It is the responsibility of the buyer to comply with foreign customs and other regulations. 12. Prices realized are published and are mailed with CNG’s next publication. Prices realized are posted at www.cngcoins.com and successful electronic bidders are notified by email after the last lot of the sale closes. 13. Bidders hereby waive any claim for incidental, consequential or exemplary damages arising from this auction. The sole remedy that any participant in the auction shall have for any claim or controversy arising out of the auction shall be a refund, without interest, of all or part of the purchase price paid by the participant. 14. All rights granted by CNG or otherwise available to bidders and purchasers, under these Auction Terms or otherwise, are personal and may not be assigned or transferred to any other person or entity, whether by operation of law or otherwise. No third party may rely on any benefit or right conferred by these Auction Terms. Bidders acting as agents must disclose the agency in writing to CNG prior to the auction; otherwise rights are limited to the agent and are not transferable to the undisclosed principal. 15. Any dispute regarding this auction shall be governed by the laws of Pennsylvania and shall be adjudicated only by the Lancaster County Court of Common Pleas or the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania; all bidders submit themselves to the personal jurisdiction of these courts for this purpose, consent to service of process by registered or certified mail, and waive any contrary provisions of Articles 14 or 15 of the French Civil Code and any similar provisions in any jurisdiction. All bidders consent to the confidentiality of consignors’ identities and waive any right to require disclosure of the name of the consignor or owner of any auction lot, whether such right is based on New York GOL §5-701(a) or any other provision in any jurisdiction. In any dispute regarding this auction, the prevailing party shall be entitled to recover its reasonable costs and attorney fees.

All written, fax, email and phone bids must be received by 5PM (ET) May 15, 2018

The Electronic Close starts at 10AM ET on May 16, 2018. Lots close every 20 seconds.

To participate in this sale electronically you must be registered and approved to bid on www.cngcoins.com.

Please read the auction terms for new information regarding bidding, buyer’s fees, and payment of invoices.


Order of Sale and Beginning Closing Times (EDT) on 16 May 2018 Greek Coinage.................................................................................1–396....................................10:00 AM

Celtic Coinage..............................................................................397–401.................................... 12:12 PM

Oriental Greek Coinage...............................................................402–420.................................... 12:14 PM Central Asian Coinage.................................................................421–438.................................... 12:20 PM Roman Provincial Coinage..........................................................439–474.................................... 12:26 PM Roman Republican Coinage........................................................475–554.................................... 12:38 PM Roman Imperial Coinage............................................................. 555–711...................................... 1:05 PM Romano-Byzantine Weights........................................................712–713...................................... 1:57 PM

Byzantine Coinage.......................................................................714–787...................................... 1:58 PM

Early Medieval & Islamic Coinage..............................................788–809...................................... 2:22 PM World Coinage...........................................................................810–1004...................................... 2:30 PM The Jonathan K. Kern Collection of Siege Coinage................ 1005–1125...................................... 3:35 PM British Coinage........................................................................ 1126–1235...................................... 4:15 PM Antiquities................................................................................1236–1243...................................... 4:52 PM All lots in this auction were in the possession of CNG in CNG’s Lancaster, Pennsylvania office no later than 16 March 2018. This information is provided for the protection of buyers who may need to establish the date of US presence for import or export purposes.

NOTICE OF EXHIBITION Auction lots may be viewed by appointment only at our Lancaster office from 9 April 2018 to 16 May 2018 during office hours (Monday-Friday, 10 AM-5 PM). Enlargements of all single lots and selected multiple lots may be viewed on the internet at the following websites: www.cngcoins.com – www.numisbids.com – www.sixbid.com We are sorry, but photographs of individual coins in multiple lots cannot be provided.

Future Sales and Consignment Deadlines CNG 109 • 12 September 2018 An Internet & Mail Bid Sale Consignment Deadline: 15 June 2018

Triton XXII • 8–9 January 2019 A Public Auction Consignment Deadline: 15 October 2018

In our Lancaster Office, contact Victor England or Bill Dalzell. In our London Office, contact Eric McFadden or David Guest.

Acknowledgement

CNG would like to thank Jan Moens (jan.moens@bvdmc.com) for creating and providing the Numismatica Medievalis font used in this sale.

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GREEK COINAGE

1. ETRURIA, Populonia. 3rd century BC. AR 20 Asses (18mm, 8.36 g). Diademed facing head of Metus; c ≈ (mark of value) below / Blank. EC Group XII, Series 59.12 (O36) = Vecchi II, 59.21 (this coin); HN Italy 152; SNG Gale 6 (same die). EF, toned, irregular flan, minor die break on obverse, light scratches under tone on reverse. ($3000) Ex MoneyMuseum, Zurich Collection (Triton XVIII, 5 January 2015), lot 308; Numismatica Ars Classica 7 (1 March 1994), lot 70; Tkalec (26 March 1991), lot 16; Athos D. Moretti Collection.

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2. CAMPANIA, Neapolis. Circa 320-300 BC. AR Nomos (18.5mm, 7.40 g, 7h). Head of female right; grape bunch behind neck, d5ofÅ@o[Us] below / Man-headed bull standing right, head facing; above, Nike flying right, crowning him with wreath; s below. Sambon 438; HN Italy 571. Good VF, toned, a little die wear, slightly off center on reverse. ($300) Ex Kirk Davis FPL 62 (ND), no. 3.

3. CALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 330-325 BC. AR Nomos (31mm, 7.86 g, 10h). Nude youth on horse trotting right, holding rein and crowning horse with wreath; to left, small Nike flying right, crowning youth with open wreath; s5Â below / Phalanthos, holding kantharos and cradling scepter in arm, riding dolphin left; ^˙r and waves below. Fischer-Bossert Group 62, 785–8 var. (V308/R– [unlisted rev. die]); Vlasto 503; HN Italy 886; SNG Lockett 174 (same obv. die). Good VF, toned, some die wear, a touch off center. ($1000) Ex Dorotheum (16 November 2016), lot 29. Reportedly ex Ernst Justus Haeberlin Collection (not in Cahn or Cahn & Hess sales).

4. CALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 280-272 BC. AR Nomos (19mm, 6.45 g, 4h). The Dioskouroi riding left; 2 above, [sW]d-Å-Â-o-s below / Phalanthos, nude, holding two spears, shield decorated with hippocamp, and Nike, who crowns him with wreath, riding dolphin left; πU to left, waves below. Vlasto 773–9; HN Italy 1011. Good VF, toned, compact flan. Well centered. ($750) Ex Roma V (23 March 2013), lot 24; Vecchi 13 (4 September 1998), lot 118.

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5 6 5. CALABRIA, Tarentum. Punic occupation. Circa 212-209 BC. AR Reduced Nomos – Half-Shekel (18mm, 3.87 g, 7h). Nude youth, crowning horse with wreath and holding rein, on horse walking right; sW˚¬@-@¬s below / Phalanthos, holding aphlaston and cradling trident in arm, riding dolphin left; to right, eagle standing left, wings spread. Vlasto 984; HN Italy 1082. Good VF, lightly toned, underlying luster. ($500) From the D. C. Kopen Collection. Ex Pegasi VII (15 October 2002), lot 72.

6. LUCANIA, Metapontion. Circa 540-510 BC. AR Third Nomos (18.5mm, 2.57 g, 12h). Barley ear with six grains / Incuse barley ear with eight grains. Noe Class III, 81; HN Italy 1468. VF, a touch of porosity. Well struck for issue. ($500)

7. LUCANIA, Metapontion. temp. Pyrrhos of Epeiros. Circa 280-279 BC. AV Tetrobol – Third Stater (14.5mm, 2.88 g, 4h). Attic standard. Bearded head of Leukippos right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet decorated with Skylla hurling a stone; ¬EU˚5ππ[os] above / Two six-grained barley ears, each with a curly leaf to outside; [Â]-E across outer fields, s5 between. Johnston G5.1 (same dies); HN Italy 1630; SNG ANS 397–8; SNG Lockett 404 (same rev. die); Basel 153 = Gillet 202 (same obv. die); Dewing 378; Gulbenkian 72; Jameson 1867. Good VF, underlying luster. ($3000) Demonstrating the usual flair shown by the die engravers in the service of Pyrrhos during his military expedition in Italy and Sicily, the small gold issues of 280/279 BC, depicting Nike and Leukippos (HN Italy 1629-1631), are of a refinement second to none. The traditional city founder is rendered in exquisite detail with the added novelty of his helmet being decorated with Skylla hurling a stone, the very embodiment of aggressive violence before the enemy in time of war.

8. LUCANIA, Thourioi. Circa 350-300 BC. AR Double Nomos – Distater (25mm, 15.89 g, 1h). Head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated on its bowl with Skylla raising his left arm; f above visor / Bull butting right on plain ground line; QoUr5W@ above; in exergue, fish right. Noe, Thurian D14; HN Italy 1804; SNG ANS 961 (same obv. die); Gillet 224 (same dies). EF, old cabinet tone, minor die break on obverse. Fine style. ($7500) Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 92 (23 May 2016), lot 86; Numismatica Ars Classica 27 (12 May 2004), lot 45; Numismatica Ars Classica 9 (16 April 1996), lot 84. In 446 BC, with the aid of Athens, the refugee population of the destroyed city of Sybaris returned to the location of their previous home, and founded a new city, giving it the name Thourioi. The new city quickly regained the prosperity enjoyed by its former incarnation, as evidenced by the extensive series of coins it issued over the following two centuries. Good relations with Tarentum were probably responsible for the weakening of Thourioi’s historical connection to Athens, and she turned to Sparta during the Peloponnesian War. Although supported by Tarentum, the city suffered at the hands of the Lucanians and Brettians during the 4th century BC. In need of a more robust ally, the Thourians turned to Rome in 285 BC. Unlike many cities in southern Italy, Thourioi’s support of Rome was steadfast during both the time of Pyrrhos and Hannibal’s invasion, even though the Thourians suffered heavily at the hands of the latter. The coinage of Thourioi was diverse in both its denominations and metals. The primary types were the head of Athena, probably due to the city’s initial close relationship with Athens, and a standing or butting bull, which had been the civic type on the coins of Sybaris.

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9. BRUTTIUM, Kroton. Circa 530-500 BC. AR Nomos (29mm, 7.93 g, 12h). Spread incuse type. Tripod, legs terminating in lion’s feet, serpents rising from bowl / Incuse tripod as obverse. Gorini 2; HN Italy 2075; SNG ANS 233. Good VF, toned, small scuffs on reverse. Good metal. ($2000) Ex Peus 413 (31 November 2014), lot 12. Reportedly ex Henri Renold Collection (not in Peus 395 sale).

10. SICILY, Akragas. Circa 465/4-446 BC. AR Tetradrachm (23mm, 17.25 g, 11h). Sea eagle standing left; Å˚RÅ1sotNÅ around / Crab within shallow incuse circle. Lee Group I; HGC 2, 77; SNG ANS 979–81 (same obv. die); SNG Lewis 289 (same obv. die); SNG Lloyd 801; Dewing 555; Gulbenkian 158–62; Pozzi 376–7; Rizzo pl. I, 5 var. (symbol on rev.); CNG 97, lot 19 (same dies; hammer $22,000). Near EF, weak strike at high points. Excellent metal. ($5000)

11. SICILY, Akragas. Circa 406 BC. AV 2 Litrai – Diobol (10mm, 1.35 g, 11h). Silanos, magistrate. Eagle standing left, snake clasped in its talons, on rock outcropping; Å˚r[Å] above, two pellets (mark of value) on rocks / Crab; below, s5¬Å/ so˜ in two lines (boustrophedon). HGC 2, 75; SNG ANS 998–9; Adams III 2014 (this coin); Gulbenkian 171; McClean 2039 (same dies); cf. Pozzi 387/385 (same obv. die/rev. type). Near EF, lightly toned, a little die wear. ($5000) Ex Dr. Lawrence A. Adams Collection (Triton XIX, 6 January 2016), lot 2014; Superior (20 May 1995), lot 7857.

12. SICILY, Entella. Punic issues. Circa 320/15-300 BC. AR Tetradrachm (23.5mm, 16.46 g, 7h). Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Horse’s head left; astragalos to left, palm tree to right, MBßJM (Punic MHSBM) below. Jenkins, Punic 367–9 var. (O115/R– [unlisted rev. die]); HGC 2, 295. EF, toned, minor delaminations on reverse. ($1500) From the Collection of José Miguel Márquez del Prado. Ex Áureo & Calicó 293 (24 May 2017), lot 2001; Roma XI (7 April 2016), lot 69.

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13. SICILY, Gela. Circa 420-415 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24.5mm, 17.30 g, 8h). Charioteer, holding kentron in left hand and reins in both, driving slow quadriga right; above, Nike flying right, crowning horses with open wreath held in both hands; in exergue, bird (heron?) standing right, head lowered / Forepart of man-headed bull right; ˝E¬Ås above. Jenkins, Gela, Group VIII, 468 (O90/R180); HGC 2, 354; SNG ANS 90; SNG Copenhagen 269; SNG Lloyd 971; BMC 50; de Luynes 957; McClean 2258; Ward 153; Weber 1324 (all from the same dies). Good VF, toned. Fine style man-headed bull. ($3000)

14. SICILY, Lilybaion (as ‘Cape of Melkart’). Circa 330-305 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 16.71 g, 5h). Charioteer, holding kentron and reins, driving fast quadriga left; above, Nike flying right, crowning charioteer with wreath; [teQ¬]Mße (RŠM[LQRT] = “Raš Melqart” in Punic) in exergue / Wreathed head of Arethousa right; three dolphins swimming around. Jenkins, Punic 69 (O24/R52); CNP 344; HGC 2, 743; BMC 4; Hirsch 821; de Luynes 925 (all from the same dies). VF, deeply toned, minor die break on reverse. ($1500) Ex CGB Monnaies 34 (30 April 2008), lot 38; Giessener Münzhandlung 42 (11 October 1988), lot 62; Münzen und Medaillen AG FPL 326 (August 1971), no. 18.

Displayed at Cincinnati Art Museum

15. SICILY, Syracuse. Second Democracy. 466-405 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24.5mm, 17.35 g, 4h). Struck circa 466460 BC. Charioteer, holding kentron in right hand, reins in both, driving slow quadriga right; above, Nike, wearing long chiton, flying left, crowning charioteer with open wreath held in both hands; in exergue, ketos right / Head of Arethousa right, wearing pearl tainia, single-pendant earring, and pearl necklace; s¨‰Å-ko-s5-o˜ and four dolphins swimming around. Boehringer Series XIIIb, 443 (V233/R319); HGC 2, 1310; SNG ANS 136 (same rev. die); Bement 464 (same rev. die); BMC 68 (same obv. die); Boston MFA 362 = Warren 318 (same obv. die); Dewing 784 (same obv. die); Jameson 758 (same obv. die); Randazzo 529–31 (same obv. die). Near EF, deeply toned, minor double strike on reverse, marks on edge from prior mount. ($5000) Ex Jacob K. Stein Collection (Gemini V, 6 January 2009), lot 34 (displayed at Cincinnati Art Museum, 1994-2008, no. 52 of exhibition of 182 coins from his collection); Numismatic Fine Arts X (17 September 1981), lot 51.

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16. SICILY, Syracuse. Second Democracy. 466-405 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 17.66 g, 6h). Struck circa 466-460 BC. Charioteer driving quadriga right; above, Nike flying right, crowning horses; in exergue, ketos right / Diademed head of Arethousa right; four dolphins around. Boehringer Series XIVa, 483 (V257/R346); HGC 2, 1311; Bement 466; Hunterian 21; Jameson 760; McClean 2653; Pozzi 575 (all from the same dies). Good VF, toned, slightly off center on obverse, minor flan flaw on reverse. Struck on a broad flan. ($2000) Ex New York Sale XXX (9 January 2013), lot 61; K. Davis FPL 61 (July 2012), no. 10.

17. SICILY, Syracuse. Dionysios I. 405-367 BC. AR Hemidrachm or Litra (16mm, 1.54 g, 5h). Obverse die signed by the artist E– (Euarchidas or Euainetos?). Struck circa 405-400 BC. Charioteer driving fast quadriga right; above, Nike flying left, crowning charioteer; in exergue, E between two dolphins confronted / Head of Arethousa left, hair in sphendone; two dolphins around. Boehringer, Münzprägungen, pl. II, 18 (Litra, Dionysios I); HGC 2, 1367 (hemidrachm, Second Democracy). Good VF, toned, irregular flan, a little off center on obverse. Rare. ($1000)

18. SICILY, Syracuse. Dionysios I. 405-367 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 16.79 g, 6h). Unsigned dies in the style of Eukleidas. Struck circa 400/395-390 BC. Charioteer, holding kentron and reins, driving fast quadriga left; above, Nike flying right, crowning charioteer with wreath; in exergue, dolphin right / Head of Arethousa left, hair in bands, wearing double-loop earring and plain necklace with frontal pendant; four dolphins around. Fischer-Bossert (Tudeer) 91 (dies 33/63); HGC 2, 1345; SNG ANS 296; SNG Fitzwilliam 1252 = Pozzi 625; SNG Lloyd 1404; Bement 524; Boston MFA 445 = Warren 379 (all from the same dies). Good VF, toned, traces of find patina, pit and cleaning scratches on obverse, minor flan flaw on reverse. ($2000) Ex Michael L. Fogarty Collection (Stack’s Bowers Galleries, 13 January 2017), lot 2025.

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Exceptional EL 100 Litrai

19. SICILY, Syracuse. Agathokles. 317-289 BC. EL 100 Litrai – Stater (18.5mm, 6.98 g, 9h). Struck circa 310-306/5 BC. Head of Apollo left, with long hair, wearing laurel wreath; sUrÅkos5W@ to left, bow to right / Head of Artemis right, wearing taenia, triple-pendant earring, and pearl necklace; quiver over shoulder, bow to left, sWtE5rÅ to right. Jenkins Group D, dies a/a; BAR Issue 13; HGC 2, 1293; SNG Lloyd 1433; BMC 252 = GPCG pl. 26, 33; Jameson 844 (all from the same dies). EF, hairline flan crack. Fine style. Better centered and as well struck as the Prospero specimen that recently resold in New York Sale XXXII (lot 100) for hammer $50,000. ($30,000) Ex Palombo 12 (6 December 2013), lot 11.

20. SICILY, Syracuse. Hiketas II. 287-278 BC. AV 60 Litrai – Dekadrachm (15.5mm, 4.24 g, 1h). Struck circa 279/8 BC. Head of Persephone left, wearing wreath of grain ears, single-pendant earring, and pearl necklace; sUrÅ˚os5W@ to left, torch to right / Nike, holding kentron in right hand, reins in left, driving fast biga right; star above, grain ear below, Eπ5 5˚EtÅ in exergue. Buttrey, Morgantina, dies 3/F; BAR issue 41; HGC 2, 1277; SNG Lockett 1007; Boston MFA 469; Weber 1689 (all from the same dies). Near EF, a few minor marks and a hint of die rust, slight die shift on reverse. ($3000)

21. SICILY, Syracuse. Philistis, wife of Hieron II. 275-215 BC. AR 16 Litrai – Tetradrachm (26.5mm, 13.57 g, 7h). Struck circa 240-218/5 BC. Diademed and veiled head left; star to right / Nike driving slow quadriga right; star above, ˚ to right. CCO 108 (D7/R18); BAR Issue 65; HGC 2, 1556; Gulbenkian 354 (same dies). Good VF, toned, some die rust on obverse, patch of encrustation on reverse. Well centered. ($1500) Ex Comte René Philipon (1870-1936) Collection (Parsy, 23 March 2016), lot 12.

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22. SICILY, Syracuse. Philistis, wife of Hieron II. 275-215 BC. AR 16 Litrai – Tetradrachm (26mm, 12.99 g, 12h). Struck circa 240-218/5 BC. Diademed and veiled head left; wreath to right / Nike driving slow quadriga right; f above. CCO 166 (D10/R21); BAR Issue 65; HGC 2, 1556; SNG ANS 874 (same rev. die); McClean 1401 (same obv. die). EF, toned, die break on reverse. ($1500) Ex Volteia Collection (Classical Numismatic Review XLI/1, Spring 2016), no. 421933; Lanz 149 (24 June 2010), lot 61.

23. CARTHAGE. Circa 350-320 BC. AV Stater (18mm, 9.55 g, 7h). Carthage mint. Wreathed head of Tanit left, wearing triple-pendant earring, and necklace with seven pendants / Horse standing right; three pellets to right of foreleg. Jenkins & Lewis Group IIIh, 88–94 var. (number of pendants); MAA 4; CNP 1.5f; SNG Copenhagen –. In NGC encapsulation, 3815511-001, graded MS★, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 4/5, Fine Style. ($20,000)

24. CARTHAGE, Libyan Revolt. Circa 241-238 BC. BI Shekel (23mm, 7.32 g, 11h). Uncertain mint in northern Africa. Head of Herakles left, wearing lion skin / Lion standing right; M (Punic M) above. Carradice & La Niece 1; CNP 433b; MAA 53; SNG Copenhagen 239. Good VF, overstruck on an uncertain issue (see below). Excellent metal for type, unusually well centered and complete on a broad flan. ($2000) Ex Bruun-Rasmussen 874 (7 November 2017), lot 211. This type is normally found on clearly billon flans, but this coin appears to be struck on a much higher quality metal. There are traces of the undertype visible, but none are distinct enough to suggest a particular issue, save for what appears to be the tail of a dolphin or hippocamp near the edge on the obverse, at the forehead of Herakles. The undertype must be of a similar weight standard. The only issue that seems to fit is the Ibero-Punic shekel with a male head on the obverse and a reverse featuring a prow facing right, below which a dolphin swims right (ACIP 543). These are typically silver issues, and many pieces are of a good quality silver, similar to that found here. If this identification of the undertype is correct, this would necessitate a redating of the present type, or the Iberian shekels, since the latter are traditionally dated circa 237-209 BC, immediately following the Libyan revolt.

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25. CARTHAGE, Second Punic War. Circa 220-205 BC. AR Half Shekel (20mm, 3.49 g, 11h). Struck during the expedition to Sicily, circa 213-210 BC. Head of Melkart left, wearing laurel wreath / Elephant advancing right; a (Punic A) in exergue. MAA –; cf. Visonà 55 (shekel); Walker 29; Burnett, Enna 123; CNP 447; SNG Copenhagen 383; SNG Newham Davis 107. Good VF, lightly toned, a little off center, struck from worn dies. Rare. ($2000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Heritage 3054 (7 April 2017), lot 30019. These coins were originally attributed to the Punic mint in Spain, but subsequent hoard evidence has established that they were struck either in Carthage or a Carthaginian mint in Sicily during the Second Punic War (see A. Walker, “Some Hoards from Sicily and a Carthaginian Issue of the Second Punic War” in Studies Mildenberg, p. 275, and note 6). Burnett (Enna) argued, based on the fixed die axes of the coins, that this issue was struck in Carthage, but for circulation in Sicily.

27 26 26. WESTERN BLACK SEA REGION, Uncertain. Mid-late 3rd century BC. AR Tetradrachm (30mm, 16.58 g, 1h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, owl standing left, head facing. Price 1320. VF, light marks, graffiti on reverse. Very rare, two in Pella, only one other in CoinArchives. ($300) From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection. Ex Gorny & Mosch 138 (7 March 2005), lot 1241.

27. SKYTHIA, Geto-Dacians. Koson. Mid 1st century BC. AV Stater (20mm, 8.37 g, 12h). Roman consul accompanied by two lictors advancing left; û to left / Eagle standing left on scepter, holding wreath. Iliescu 1; RPC I 1701A; HGC 3, 2049. Superb EF. Sharply struck. ($2000) Ex Bruun-Rasmussen 874 (7 November 2017), lot 194; Lanz 50 (27 November 1989), lot 108.

28. SKYTHIA, Olbia. Circa 450-440 BC. Cast Æ (66.5mm, 103.04 g). Paus(a)-, magistrate. Head of Athena left, wearing Attic helmet; to left, dolphin upward / Wheel with four spokes (‘solar disk’); πÅUs within quarters. Karyshkovskij p. 392, Таб. II=B, 1; Frolova & Abramzon 130–3; Anokhin 164; cf. HGC 3, 1883 (smaller denomination). Good VF, dark green patina, small casting hole. Very rare. ($3000) 12


29. SKYTHIA, Olbia. Circa 437-410 BC. Cast Æ (68mm, 123.08 g, 1h). Facing gorgoneion / Sea eagle flying right, wings spread, holding in its talons a dolphin right. Karyshkovskij p. 395, Таб. III=C, 2; Frolova & Abramzon 156–8; Anokhin 168; HGC 3, 1881. VF, olive brown surfaces. ($1000) Ex Heritage 3049 (6 September 2016), lot 30079.

Extremely Rare Nikonion Issue

30. KINGS of SKYTHIA. Skyles. Circa 465-447/5 BC. Æ (39mm, 34.27 g). Nikonion mint. Owl standing left, head facing / Wheel with four spokes, each with cross-member. Cf. Peykov G0010 (for type); cf. Anokhin 568–9 (for type); HGC 3, –. Near VF, green-brown patina, large area broken off. Extremely rare, possibly unique in this denomination. ($1000) The difference in size and weight of Anokhin 568 and 569 suggests that there could be an issue between 569 and 570, and the present piece appears to be that intermediate-sized issue.

31. THRACE, Odessos. Circa 120-90 BC. AR Tetradrachm (32.5mm, 16.66 g, 1h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; d˙ in left field, q (civic monogram) below throne. Callataÿ Group 1, obv. die D2; Topalov, Odesos, Series 31, Issue 67; Price 1180; HGC 3, 1587. Good VF, lightly toned. ($300) From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection, purchased from Classical Numismatic Group, 10 November 2001. The reverse die used for this coin appears to have originally been engraved with the markings of Price 1178, then altered to remove both left field markings, and with the d˙ re-engraved higher in the left field and the civic monogram of Odessos added below the throne. The markings of Price 1178, which lacked the monogram of Odessos and had a Corinthian helmet in the left field above the letters, suggest that the die was originally intended for use at Mesambria, where such markings were canonical.

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32. THRACE, Odessos. Circa 80-72/1 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29.5mm, 14.65 g, 12h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; ¬Å in left field, od˙ in exergue. Callataÿ Group 3, dies D1/R1; Topalov, Odesos, Series 32, Issue 82; Price 1191; HGC 3, 1589. Near EF, toned, a couple scratches under tone. Well struck for issue. ($300) From the Belgica Collection. Ex Tkalec (26 November 2014), lot 61.

33 34 33. ISLANDS off THRACE, Thasos. Circa 500-480 BC. AR Stater (21mm, 7.93 g). Ithyphallic satyr advancing right, carrying off protesting nymph / Quadripartite incuse square. Le Rider, Thasiennes 2; HGC 6, 331. Good VF, toned, light porosity, minor double strike on obverse. ($500) 34. ISLANDS off THRACE, Thasos. Circa 480-463 BC. AR Stater (21mm, 8.42 g). Ithyphallic satyr advancing right, carrying off protesting nymph / Quadripartite incuse square. Le Rider, Thasiennes 5; HGC 6, 331. Good VF, toned, light scratches under tone on reverse. ($1000)

35. ISLANDS off THRACE, Thasos. Circa 412-404 BC. AR Trihemiobol (12mm, 0.89 g, 7h). Ithyphallic satyr kneeling left, holding kylix in right hand / Amphora within incuse square. Le Rider, Thasiennes 27; HGC 6, 351. Good VF, lightly toned, light marks. Good detail for issue. ($500)

36 37 36. ISLANDS off THRACE, Thasos. Circa 140-110 BC. AR Tetradrachm (31mm, 14.15 g, 12h). Wreathed head of young Dionysos right / Herakles standing facing, head left, holding club, lion skin draped over left arm; Â to inner left. Prokopov, Silberprägung, Group VIII, 132 (V Ha1/R 61); Le Rider, Thasiennes 51; HGC 6, 358. Good VF, lightly toned. ($300) 37. ISLANDS off THRACE, Thasos. Circa 90-75 BC. AR Tetradrachm (32mm, 15.91 g, 1h). Wreathed head of young Dionysos right / Herakles standing facing, head left, holding club, lion skin draped over left arm; 8 to inner left. Prokopov, Silberprägung, Group XIX, 1712–5 var. (V GA1/R – [unlisted rev. die]); Le Rider, Thasiennes 52; HGC 6, 359. Good VF, lightly toned, some die wear on obverse. ($300) 14


38. KINGS of THRACE, Macedonian. Lysimachos. 305-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29.5mm, 17.12 g, 1h). Lampsakos mint. Struck 297/6-282/1 BC. Diademed head of the deified Alexander right, with horn of Ammon / Athena Nikephoros seated left, left arm resting on shield, transverse spear in background; herm to outer left, É to inner left. Thompson 58; Müller 90; HGC 3, 1750b; SNG BN 2551 (same rev. die). Good VF, toned. Well centered. ($500) From the Collection of José Miguel Márquez del Prado.

39. KINGS of THRACE, Macedonian. Lysimachos. 305-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (32mm, 16.62 g, 1h). Lampsakos mint. Struck 297/6-282/1 BC. Diademed head of the deified Alexander right, with horn of Ammon / Athena Nikephoros seated left, left arm resting on shield, transverse spear in background; to inner left, M above crescent. Thompson 61; Müller 392; HGC 3, 1750b; SNG BN 2546. Near EF, toned. ($1000) From the Collection of José Miguel Márquez del Prado. Ex Stack’s Bowers Galleries (9 January 2015), lot 64.

40 41 40. KINGS of THRACE, Macedonian. Lysimachos. 305-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (32.5mm, 17.23 g, 1h). Lampsakos mint. Struck 297/6-282/1 BC. Diademed head of the deified Alexander right, with horn of Ammon / Athena Nikephoros seated left, left arm resting on shield, transverse spear in background; to inner left, M above crescent. Thompson 61; Müller 392; HGC 3, 1750b; SNG BN 2546. Good VF. Fine style. ($1000) 41. KINGS of THRACE, Macedonian. Lysimachos. 305-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 16.88 g, 1h). In the types of Alexander III of Macedon. Magnesia ad Maeandrum mint. Struck circa 299/8-297/6 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, M above lion forepart left; ∆ below throne. Thompson 96; Müller 2; Price L31; HGC 3, 1749b. Good VF, deeply toned. ($750) From the Collection of José Miguel Márquez del Prado. Ex Áureo & Calicó 293 (24 May 2017), lot 2037.

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42. KINGS of THRACE, Macedonian. Lysimachos. 305-281 BC. AV Stater (18mm, 8.50 g, 11h). Uncertain mint. Diademed head of the deified Alexander right, with horn of Ammon / ∫Å%5¬EW% ¬U%5µÅcoU, Athena Nikephoros seated left, left arm resting on shield, transverse spear in background; 0 to inner left. Thompson –; Müller 507; Pozzi 1165; Ars Classica XIII, lot 682 = Ars Classica XVII, lot 410 (same dies); Vinchon (Apr. 1974), 88 (same dies). Near EF, underlying luster, slightly soft strike on obverse. ($3000)

43. MACEDON, Akanthos. Circa 480-470 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27.5mm, 17.14 g). Attic standard. Lioness right, biting into the hindquarter of a bull crouching left, with head right; floral ornament in exergue / Quadripartite incuse square. Desneux Type G.2, unlisted dies; AMNG –; HGC 3, –; CNG 91, lot 105 (same dies). Good VF, toned. Extremely rare type, with only four examples recorded in the ANS photofile, but none without a subsidiary symbol above the lioness on the obverse. ($5000) Ex Gorny & Mosch 232 (5 October 2015), lot 111. The lion and bull design is common to the tetradrachms of Akanthos from the sixth to the early fourth century BC. The earliest tetradrachms are characterized by thick, dumpy flans, a variable style of incuse, and the head of the lion in three-quarter perspective. Subsequent issues, however, have a flan that is relatively thinner and broader, an incuse of a more regularly quadripartite style, and the head of the lion in profile. The floral symbol in the exergue, which first appeared in some of the earliest tetradrachms, became more stylized in these subsequent issues, as well. Subsequently, a pellet-in-annulet appeared above the lion in the upper field of the obverse, followed by the addition of a subsidiary letter, and, finally, letter combinations and symbols to distinguish later issues in this large series. Most of these tetradrachms show a stylistically archetypal lion attacking the bull, evidenced by its thick mane and bold joints and lines. However, two groups of tetradrachms (Desneux Types C and G) have felines that are represented with much finer lines, smooth joints, and a subdued, evenly constructed mane that Desneux identified as depictions of lionesses. Some dies show the lioness decorated with spots, leading some to suggest that it may be a panther, but the scene is certainly a representation of the archetypal lion and bull motif that was imported to Macedon from the east (Persia), and is found on many coinages of the period. The lion and bull motif appears frequently in art of the ancient Near East and ancient Greece (see Willy Hartner, “The Earliest History of the Constellations in the Near East and the Motif of the Lion-Bull Combat,” Journal of Near Eastern Studies 24 [1965], pp. 1-16, who identified its earliest representation on a prehistoric Elamite seal of the fourth millennium BC. For its appearance in Greek art, see the KY Painter in the National Archaeological Museum in Athens [Accession Number 12688] and Desneux, p. 55). Reliefs from the Persian capital at Persepolis depicting this same type and the Lydian coinage of this same period, though they do not show this type specifically, are surely a conscious echoing of a definitely masculine theme. Why then the use of a lioness, rather than a lion? Herodotos may provide a possible clue. According to him (7.125-126), the Persian army was attacked by lions (οἱ λέοντες) while bivouacking on the eastern fringes of Greece and Macedonia. In classical Greek, groups made up of both genders were expressed in masculine plural, so this incident more than likely would have included lionesses, who do most of the hunting for the pride. Since these animals and their habits would have been well-known to the regional population, as lions still roamed the area (as noted by Herodotos), the die cutter chose to be more accurate in his description of the scene, rather than following a more traditional Greek representation, since lions were rare or nonexistent in most of Greece by that time.

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44. MACEDON, Akanthos. Circa 470-430 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27.5mm, 16.99 g). Lioness, right, attacking bull crouching left, biting into its hindquarter; Q above; floral ornament in exergue / Quadripartite incuse square. Desneux 81 var. (unlisted dies); HGC 3, 383. VF, toned, flan a little ragged, a few scrapes and marks. ($1000) Ex Lanz 146 (25 May 2009), lot 97.

45. MACEDON, Akanthos. Circa 400-358 BC. Æ (16mm, 3.39 g, 2h). Helmeted head of Athena right / Wheel with four spokes; ethnic between spokes. AMNG III/2, 43 var. (arrangement of letters); HGC 3, 396. Near EF, hard dark green patina. Well centered. ($200) From the Belgica Collection.

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46. MACEDON, Amphipolis. Circa 148-32/1 BC. Æ (23mm, 11.03 g, 12h). Winged gorgoneion facing slightly right / Athena Nikephoros standing left. AMNG III/2, 59; HGC 3, –; SNG ANS 147. Good VF, dark brown patina with patches of green. ($200) From the Belgica Collection. Ex Christopher Morcom Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 76, 12 September 2007), lot 257; Clarence S. Bement Collection (1843-1923).

47. MACEDON, Aphytis. After circa 146 BC. Æ (20mm, 9.20 g, 11h). Head of Zeus Ammon right / Eagle standing right. AMNG III/2, 14; HGC 3, 445. Good VF, dark brown patina. ($300) From the Belgica Collection. Ex Christopher Morcom Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 76, 12 September 2007), lot 260; Clarence S. Bement Collection (1843-1923).

48. MACEDON, Chalkidian League. Circa 383/2 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 14.46 g, 1h). Olynthos mint. Head of Apollo right, wearing laurel wreath / Kithara; c-Å-¬-˚5d-EW@ around; all within incuse square. Robinson & Clement Group H, – (unlisted dies); HGC 3, 498; SNG Lockett 1307–8; Gillet 751; Hermitage Sale II 588; Ward 380. EF, underlying luster, slightly off center, a few light scratches on obverse. ($3000) 17


49. MACEDON, Chalkidian League. Circa 350 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 14.32 g, 11h). Olynthos mint; Aristonos, magistrate. Head of Apollo right, wearing laurel wreath / Kithara; c-Å-¬-˚5d-EW@ above and at sides, Eπ5 År5stW@os in tiny letters below. Robinson & Clement Group V, 130 (A80/P111); AMNG III/2, 8; HGC 3, 500; SNG ANS 496; BMC 10; Boston MFA 582; Pozzi 753. EF, toned. ($7500) Ex René Baron Collection (Tradart, 18 December 2014), lot 82, purchased from Crédit de la Bourse, Paris, March 1990. Taking advantage of the loosening of Athenian control over the Chalkidike due to the Peloponnesian War, in 432/1 BC the cities of the region formed themselves into a defensive coalition called the Chalkidian League, with its capital at Olynthos. The failure of Athens to break up this coalition – one of the terms of the Peace of Nikias in 421 BC – as well as a general strategic disinterest in the region, helped to solidify the League’s power and position. As a result of this situation, the League began striking silver coinage in its own name. Adopting the local “Phoenician” standard already in use by Olynthos, only tetrobols were minted in any quantity at first, but after about 420 BC, tetradrachms were regularly struck. The very rare issues of gold staters, struck on the Attic standard, are certainly tied to the tumultuous events in the second quarter of the 4th century BC. The political situation in which the League found itself at that time was influenced by the competing interests of Athens, which had historic ties to the region, Sparta, which constantly sought to check any advance of Athenian power, and the Macedonian Kingdom, which sought to expand its influence over its neighbor to the south. Sparta’s defeat at Leuktra in 371 BC, and the subsequent peace, provided Athens with the opportunity to reconstitute the Second Athenian Empire, beginning with the Chalkidike. In 365 BC, the Athenian general Timotheos began to conquer territory in the northern Aegean on behalf of Athens. He quickly subdued the island of Samos and gained a foothold in the Thracian Chersonese, from where he could direct his attention to the Chalkidike. With the help of Perdikkas III of Macedon, Timotheos attacked the League and its capital, Olynthos. Although unable to take the capital, Timotheos was successful in quickly capturing a large part of the League’s territory. His campaign was so successful that he used the opportunity to attack his erstwhile ally, Macedon, as well. In 363 BC, in addition to seizing the city of Potidaia, an important Chalkidikan port near the League capital of Olynthos, Timotheos also captured the Macedonian ports of Methone, Terone, and Pydna, located in the Thermian Gulf. For all of his initial success against the Chalkidian League, however, Timotheos was unable to conquer Amphipolis, or solidify his hold over the areas he seized, and eventually abandoned his northern Aegean enterprise in 360 BC. In the years immediately following, it would be Amyntas’ youngest son, Philip II, who would achieve what both the Chalkidian League and Timotheos were unable to do – bring the entire region and all of its cities and tribes under one authority. In 348 BC, Philip dissolved the League.

Ex Hanberry and Knoepke Collections

50. MACEDON, Mende. Circa 460-423 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27.5mm, 17.35 g, 3h). Inebriated Dionysos, wearing chiton draped from his waist, holding in right hand a kantharos propped on his right knee, reclining left on the back of an ass standing right; to right, crow perched right on bush with two flowers / µE@-dÅ-5-o@ around vine of five grape clusters; all within shallow incuse square. Noe, Mende 74 (same dies); cf. AMNG III/2 21; SNG ANS 340-3; HGC 3.1, 545. EF, toned. ($15,000) Ex Hanberry Collection; Leu 52 (16 May 1991), lot 51; Olga Knoepke (Glendining’s, 10 December 1986), lot 140; Hess-Leu 24 (16 April 1964), lot 124. The city of Mende, located on the Pallene Peninsula on the eastern shore of the Thermaic Gulf, was founded by Eretria in the 8th century BC (Thucydides 4.123.1). It later founded colonies of its own: Neapolis on the eastern coast of Pallene, and Eion at the mouth of the river Strymon near Amphipols. Mende’s wealth is indicated by the high amounts of tribute paid to the Delian Confederacy: eight talents until 451-450 BC, and then amounts ranging form five to nine talents after 438-437 BC. During the Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC), Mende originally sided with Athens, but then, on the urging of the oligarchs, went over to the Spartan general Brasidas. It eventually returned to the Athenian side, but is not mentioned in connection with the Peace of Nikias. From 415-414 BC, Mende again appears in the Athenian Tribute Lists, but by the fourth century the city was only minting copper coins.The Dionysiac types of Mende proclaim it as a famous wine producing city, as attested by its amphoras that have been found throughout the Mediterranean. On this delightful coin, Dionysos, who rules wine and winemaking, is shown being carried home drunk from a symposium, a representation of careless joy which links the world of men with the Olympians – at least until the morning.

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Only Bronze Issue for Sermyle

51. MACEDON, Sermyle. Early 4th century BC. Æ (12mm, 1.66 g, 12h). Head of female right, wearing sphendone / Grain ear. AMNG III/2, –; HGC 3, 667 (this coin illustrated); Klein 1136. Good VF, earthen black patina. Very rare, the only bronze issue of Sermyle. ($300) From the Belgica Collection. Ex Gorny & Mosch 160 (8 October 2007), lot 1234.

52. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip II. 359-336 BC. AV Twelfth Stater (8mm, 0.70 g, 10h). Pella mint. Struck circa 345/2-340/36 BC. Laureate head of Apollo right / Thunderbolt; below, facing head of lion. Le Rider 7 (D6/R7); HGC 3, 857. Good VF, slight die wear on reverse. ($750)

Ex Van Every Collection

53. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip II. 359-336 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 14.48 g, 1h). Pella mint. Struck circa 342/1-337/6 BC. Head of Zeus right, wearing laurel wreath / f5¬5π-πoU, nude youth, holding palm frond in right hand, rein in left, on horseback right; thunderbolt below, @ in exergue. Le Rider 233 (D130/R188); HGC 3, 864; SNG ANS 384–95; SNG Alpha Bank 272; SNG Fitzwilliam 2047; SNG Saroglos 49–50; Gulbenkian 816. Near EF, attractively toned, slight die shift on reverse. Fine style. ($3000) Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 100 (29 May 2017), lot 118; LHS 103 (5 May 2009), lot 70; Richard Arnold van Every Collection (Leu 15, 4 May 1976), lot 193.

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54. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip II. 359-336 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 14.45 g, 1h). Pella mint. Struck circa 342/1-337/6 BC. Laureate head of Zeus right / Nude youth, holding palm frond and rein, on horseback right; @ in exergue. Le Rider 321 (D152/R258); HGC 3, 864. Good VF, toned, double struck. ($1000) From the Collection of José Miguel Márquez del Prado. Ex G. Hirsch 313 (23 September 2015), lot 2022; Auctiones AG 10 (12 June 1979), lot 117.

55. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip II. 359-336 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25.5mm, 14.44 g, 1h). Amphipolis mint. Struck circa 355-349/8 BC. Laureate head of Zeus right / Philip II, raising hand and holding rein, on horseback left; trident head below. Le Rider 72 var. (D34’/R– [unlisted rev. die]); HGC 3, 861. Good VF, attractively toned. ($1000) From the Collection of José Miguel Márquez del Prado. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 97 (17 September 2014), lot 78.

56. KINGS of MACEDON. temp. Philip II – Alexander III. Circa 340/36-328 BC. AV Eighth Stater (8.5mm, 1.05 g, 8h). In the name and types of Philip II. Pella mint. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Trident head. Le Rider – (D60/ R45 [unlisted die combination]); HGC 3, 856. Good VF. Well centered. ($1000)

57. KINGS of MACEDON. temp. Philip II – Alexander III. Circa 340/36-328 BC. AV Stater (16.5mm, 8.58 g, 9h). In the name and types of Philip II. Amphipolis mint. Laureate head of Apollo right / Charioteer, holding kentron and reins, driving fast biga right; crescent below. Le Rider 105 (D47/R80); HGC 3, 847. Good VF, underlying luster. ($2000) 20


58. KINGS of MACEDON. Alexander III ‘the Great’. 336-323 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 17.16 g, 3h). Amphipolis mint. Struck under Antipater, circa 332-326 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; grape bunch in left field. Price 29; Troxell, Studies, Issue B7. EF, toned, punch mark and minor die breaks on reverse. ($300) From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection. Ex CNG Inventory 87809 (July 1995).

Extremely Rare Alexander Didrachm

59. KINGS of MACEDON. Alexander III ‘the Great’. 336-323 BC. AR Didrachm (19mm, 8.59 g, 1h). Amphipolis mint. Struck under Antipater, circa 332-326 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; to left, club above z. Price 72; Troxell, Studies, Issue D9, pl. 7, 142 (same rev. die). Good VF, toned, slightly off center on obverse, tiny die break on reverse. Extremely rare, only one example noted by Troxell (in Berlin), none in Pella or CoinArchives. ($2000)

60. KINGS of MACEDON. Alexander III ‘the Great’. 336-323 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 17.18 g, 2h). Amphipolis mint. Struck under Antipater, circa 325-323/2 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; to left, cock standing left. Price 79; Troxell, Studies, Issue E3. EF, lightly toned. Well centered. ($1000)

61 62 61. KINGS of MACEDON. Alexander III ‘the Great’. 336-323 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 17.16 g, 7h). Amphipolis mint. Struck under Antipater, circa 325-323/2 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; crescent in left field. Price 89; Troxell, Studies, Issue E7. EF. ($500) From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection. Ex CNG Inventory 87812 (July 1995).

62. KINGS of MACEDON. Alexander III ‘the Great’. 336-323 BC. Æ Half Unit (17mm, 4.36 g, 11h). Uncertain mint in Macedon. Head of male right, wearing tainia / Horse prancing right; horizontal torch below. Price 338. EF, beautiful hard light green patina. ($200) From the Belgica Collection.

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63. KINGS of MACEDON. Alexander III ‘the Great’. 336-323 BC. AR Drachm (18mm, 4.29 g, 11h). Lampsakos mint. Struck under Kalas or Demarchos, circa 328/5-323 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, Artemis Phosphoros standing facing, holding two torches; ∂ below throne. Price 1356; ADM II Series V. Superb EF, lustrous, minor flan flaw on obverse. ($300)

Unique and Unpublished Quarter Stater

64. KINGS of MACEDON. Alexander III ‘the Great’. 336-323 BC. AV Quarter Stater (9.5mm, 2.16 g, 11h). Abydos mint. Struck under Kalas or Demarchos, circa 325-323 BC. Helmeted head of Athena right / Bow and club; above, male figure standing left. Unpublished, but cf. Price 1496–1501 for the multi-denominational series that would include this issue. Good VF. Unique. ($1000)

65. KINGS of MACEDON. Alexander III ‘the Great’. 336-323 BC. AR Drachm (17.5mm, 4.37 g, 1h). Abydos mint. Struck under Kalas or Demarchos, circa 325-323 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, Hermes standing left, holding kerykeion; ◊ below throne. Price 1503; ADM II Series I. Superb EF, lustrous. ($300)

66. KINGS of MACEDON. Alexander III ‘the Great’. 336-323 BC. AR Drachm (18.5mm, 4.29 g, 1h). Abydos mint. Struck under Kalas or Demarchos, circa 325-323 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, forepart of Pegasos left; s below throne. Price 1505; ADM II Series II. Superb EF, lustrous. ($300)

67. KINGS of MACEDON. Alexander III ‘the Great’. 336-323 BC. AR Drachm (16.5mm, 4.28 g, 12h). Magnesia ad Maeandrum mint. Struck under Menander, circa 325-323 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, head of ram right. Price 1932 var. (position of symbol); Hersh, Additions 27 = C. Hersh & H. Troxell, “A 1993 Hoard of Alexander Drachms” in AJN 5-6 (1993-4), pl. 5, 2.1c (same dies); Pecunem 31, lot 81 (same dies). Superb EF, lustrous. Well centered. Very rare, only one in CoinArchives. ($300) 22


68. KINGS of MACEDON. Alexander III ‘the Great’. 336-323 BC. AR Drachm (19mm, 4.32 g, 12h). Miletos mint. Struck under Philoxenos, circa 325-323 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; M in left field, star below throne. Price 2089; ADM I Series I. Superb EF, lustrous. ($300)

69. KINGS of MACEDON. Alexander III ‘the Great’. 336-323 BC. AR Drachm (18mm, 4.26 g, 1h). Miletos mint. Struck under Philoxenos, circa 325-323 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; M in left field. Price 2090; ADM I Series I. Superb EF, lustrous. ($300)

70. KINGS of MACEDON. Alexander III ‘the Great’. 336-323 BC. AR Drachm (15.5mm, 4.26 g, 11h). Sardes mint. Struck under Menander, circa 324/3 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, head of male left, wearing Phrygian cap; ! below throne. Price 2559; ADM I Series X. Superb EF, lustrous. ($300)

71. KINGS of MACEDON. Alexander III ‘the Great’. 336-323 BC. AR Drachm (16mm, 4.30 g, 12h). Sardes mint. Struck under Menander, circa 324/3 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; torch in left field, ! below throne. Price 2565; ADM I Series X. Superb EF, lustrous. ($300)

72. KINGS of MACEDON. Alexander III ‘the Great’. 336-323 BC. AR Drachm (17mm, 4.29 g, 12h). Sardes mint. Struck under Menander, circa 324/3 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; Ö erased in left field, rose below throne. Price 2570; ADM I Series X. Superb EF, lustrous. ($300)

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Extremely Rare Obverse Monogram

73. KINGS of MACEDON. Alexander III ‘the Great’. 336-323 BC. AR Drachm (16mm, 4.33 g, 12h). Sardes mint. Struck under Menander, circa 324/3 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin; Ö behind neck / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; rose below throne. Price 2571 var. (no monogram on obv.); Arena 19 (same dies); cf. ADM I Series X; Triton XIII, 1109 (same dies). EF, underlying luster. Extremely rare, only one in CoinArchives, one in the BM (cited by Arena). ($300)

75

74

74. KINGS of MACEDON. Alexander III ‘the Great’. 336-323 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 17.11 g, 11h). Damaskos mint. Struck under Menon or Menes, circa 330-323 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; 1c in left field; below throne, five globules above strut, dÅ below. Price 3200 var. (4 globules). Good VF, toned, light deposits. Very rare, one of ten examples with five globules below throne. ($400) From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection. Ex Lanz 138 (26 November 2007), lot 296 (only noting four globules).

75. KINGS of MACEDON. Alexander III ‘the Great’. 336-323 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 17.07 g, 12h). Damaskos mint. Struck under Menon or Menes, circa 330-323 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, forepart of ram right; below throne, globule between struts, dÅ below. Price 3203. Good VF, darkly toned. ($500) From the Collection of José Miguel Márquez del Prado. Ex Áureo & Calicó 293 (24 May 2017), lot 2012.

Ex Price and Newell Collection Newell Plate Coin

76. KINGS of MACEDON. Alexander III ‘the Great’. 336-323 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 17.21 g, 5h). Tyre mint. Struck under Menes. Dated RY 26 of ‘Ozmilk (324/3 BC). Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, )o (Phoenician ‘K [= ‘Ozmilk]) above ¥¥¥ ¥¥¥( (Phoenician date [26]). Price 3265 (Ake); Newell, Dated 24 (dies XIX/γ – this coin referenced and illustrated); DCA 736. Good VF, toned, slightly off center. ($500) From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection. Ex Michael F. Price Collection (Stack’s, 3 December 1996), lot 45; Stack’s (16 March 1983), lot 29; E. T. Newell Collection.

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77. KINGS of MACEDON. Alexander III ‘the Great’. 336-323 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28mm, 17.14 g, 12h). Babylon mint. Struck under Stamenes or Archon, circa 324/3 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; bee in left field; below throne, P above Â. Price 3618. Good VF, deeply toned, scratch under tone on obverse. ($300) From the Collection of José Miguel Márquez del Prado.

78. KINGS of MACEDON. Alexander III ‘the Great’. 336-323 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 17.19 g, 3h). Babylon mint. Struck under Stamenes or Archon, circa 324/3 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; sickle in left field; below throne, P above Â. Price 3622. Good VF, toned. ($300) From the Collection of José Miguel Márquez del Prado.

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79. KINGS of MACEDON. Alexander III ‘the Great’. 336-323 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26.5mm, 17.23 g, 7h). Babylon mint. Struck under Stamenes or Archon, circa 323 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; Â in left field, P below throne. Price 3673. EF, a few marks. Well centered. ($500) 80. KINGS of MACEDON. Alexander III ‘the Great’. 336-323 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 17.16 g, 2h). Babylon mint. Struck under Stamenes or Archon, circa 323 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, sickle above Â; P below throne. Price 3676. Near EF, toned. ($300)

81 82 81. KINGS of MACEDON. temp. Alexander III – Philip III. Circa 324/3-320 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28.5mm, 17.19 g, 8h). In the name of Alexander III. Arados mint. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; Û below throne. Price 3309; Duyrat Group IV, Series 1, – (D24/R22 [unlisted die combination]). Good VF, dark iridescent tone. ($300) From the Collection of José Miguel Márquez del Prado. Ex Áureo & Calicó 293 (24 May 2017), lot 2016.

82. KINGS of MACEDON. temp. Alexander III – Philip III. Circa 324/3-320 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28.5mm, 17.11 g, 7h). In the name of Alexander III. Arados mint. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; 5 in left field, Û below throne. Price 3323; Duyrat Group IV, Series 8, 438–9 (D85/R170). Good VF, deep iridescent tone. Struck on a broad flan. ($300) From the Collection of José Miguel Márquez del Prado. Ex Áureo & Calicó 295 (5 July 2017), lot 12.

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84

83. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip III Arrhidaios. 323-317 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25.5mm, 17.27 g, 2h). In the name of Alexander III. Amphipolis mint. Struck under Antipater, circa 322-320 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; Phrygian cap in left field. Price 112; Troxell, Studies, Issue H2. Good VF, even gray tone with light iridescence. ($300) 84. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip III Arrhidaios. 323-317 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 17.20 g, 11h). In the name of Alexander III. Amphipolis mint. Struck under Antipater, circa 322-320 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; tripod in left field. Price 115; Troxell, Studies, Issue H5. Good VF, lightly toned. ($400) From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection. Ex CNG Inventory 87814 (July 1995).

85. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip III Arrhidaios. 323-317 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 17.17 g, 3h). In the name of Alexander III. Pella mint. Struck under Antipater or Polyperchon, circa 323-318/7 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, bee right on rose. Price 206; Moore 23-43. Near EF, lightly toned. ($500) From the Collection of José Miguel Márquez del Prado.

86. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip III Arrhidaios. 323-317 BC. AV Stater (18mm, 8.56 g, 5h). In the name of Alexander III. Lampsakos mint. Struck under Leonnatos, Arrhidaios, or Antigonos I Monophthalmos. Helmeted head of Athena right / Nike standing left, holding wreath and stylis; buckle in left field, ï below left wing. Price 1374; ADM II Series IX. Good VF, toned. ($2000)

87. KING of MACEDON. Philip III Arrhidaios. 323-317 BC. AV Stater (18.5mm, 8.61 g, 2h). Lampsakos mint. Struck under Leonnatos, Arrhidaios, or Antigonos I Monophthalmos. Helmeted head of Athena right / Nike standing left, holding wreath and stylis; in left field, buckle above Å-surmounted-by-crescent. Price P13; ADM II Series IX. Superb EF, a little die wear. Well centered. ($3000) 26


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89

88. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip III Arrhidaios. 323-317 BC. AV Stater (18mm, 8.59 g, 5h). In the types of Philip II. Abydos mint. Struck under Leonnatos, Arrhidaios, or Antigonos I Monophthalmos. Laureate head of Apollo right / Charioteer, holding kentron and reins, driving fast biga right; x and leg of horse below. Thompson, Philip 24 var. (symbol on rev.); ADM II Series V, 89b (same obv. die). Near EF, underlying luster, tiny flaw in field on obverse. ($2000) 89. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip III Arrhidaios. 323-317 BC. AV Stater (18.5mm, 8.58  g, 12h). Abydos mint. Struck under Leonnatos, Arrhidaios, or Antigonos I Monophthalmos. Helmeted head of Athena right / Nike standing left, holding wreath and stylis; in left field, à above serpent left. Price P32; ADM II Series X. EF, lustrous, die flaw on obverse. Perfectly centered. ($2000)

90. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip III Arrhidaios. 323-317 BC. AR Drachm (16mm, 4.29 g, 12h). In the name of Alexander III. Miletos mint. Struck under Asandros, circa 323-319 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; grain ear in left field. Price 2100; ADM I Series III. Superb EF, lustrous, a couple light marks on obverse. Perfectly centered. ($300)

91. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip III Arrhidaios. 323-317 BC. AV Stater (18mm, 8.51 g, 12h). In the name of Alexander III. Miletos mint. Struck under Asandros, circa 323-319 BC. Helmeted head of Athena right / Nike standing left, holding wreath and stylis; ä in left field, labrys below right wing. Price 2114; ADM I Series VII. Choice EF, lustrous. Well centered. ($2500)

92. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip III Arrhidaios. 323-317 BC. AV Stater (18mm, 8.59 g, 12h). In the name of Alexander III. Miletos mint. Struck under Asandros, circa 323-319 BC. Helmeted head of Athena right / Nike standing left, holding wreath and stylis; ä in left field, labrys below right wing. Price 2114; ADM I Series VII. Near EF, underlying luster. Well centered. ($2000) 27


93. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip III Arrhidaios. 323-317 BC. AR Drachm (17mm, 4.33 g, 1h). In the name of Alexander III. Sardes mint. Struck under Menander, circa 323/2 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; 4 in left field, rose below throne. Price 2585; ADM I Series XII. Superb EF, lustrous. ($300)

94. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip III Arrhidaios. 323-317 BC. AR Drachm (16mm, 4.30 g, 2h). In the name of Alexander III. Sardes mint. Struck under Menander, circa 323/2 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, ´ above torch. Price 2589; ADM I Series XII. Superb EF, lustrous. ($300)

95. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip III Arrhidaios. 323-317 BC. AR Drachm (16mm, 4.30 g, 11h). In the name of Alexander III. Sardes mint. Struck under Menander, circa 323/2 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, Ñ above bee. Price 2595; ADM I Series XIII. Superb EF, lustrous. Well centered. ($300)

96. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip III Arrhidaios. 323-317 BC. AR Drachm (16mm, 4.27 g, 1h). In the name of Alexander III. Sardes mint. Struck under Menander, circa 323/2 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, Ñ above torch. Price 2599; ADM I Series XIII. Superb EF, lustrous. ($300)

97. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip III Arrhidaios. 323-317 BC. AR Drachm (16.5mm, 4.28 g, 12h). In the name of Alexander III. Sardes mint. Struck under Menander, circa 323/2 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; Ñ in left field, torch below throne. Price 2600; ADM I Series XIII. Superb EF, lustrous, a little die rust on obverse. ($300) 28


98. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip III Arrhidaios. 323-317 BC. AR Drachm (17.5mm, 4.28 g, 12h). In the name of Alexander III. Sardes mint. Struck under Menander, circa 323/2 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; Ñ in left field, torch in exergue. Price 2601; ADM I Series XIII. Superb EF, lustrous. ($300)

99. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip III Arrhidaios. 323-317 BC. AR Drachm (16.5mm, 4.27 g, 1h). In the name of Alexander III. Sardes mint. Struck under Menander, circa 323/2 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, ∑ above torch. Price 2602; ADM I Series XIII. Superb EF, lustrous. ($300)

100. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip III Arrhidaios. 323-317 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29mm, 17.15 g, 3h). In the name of Alexander III. Tarsos mint. Struck under Philotas or Philoxenos. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, Nike standing right, holding wreath; a below throne. Price 3038 corr. (monogram); Newell, Tarsos 43, obv. die LIV (unlisted for issue 43). EF, lightly toned, a couple light scuffs on obverse, tiny flan flaw in field on reverse. ($1000) 29


101. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip III Arrhidaios. 323-317 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 17.13 g, 10h). In the name of Alexander III. Tarsos mint. Struck under Philotas or Philoxenos. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, Nike flying right, holding wreath, above kerykeion; below throne, 2 above Q. Price 3048; Newell, Tarsos 54, obv. die LXII. EF, lightly toned, minor marks. ($1000)

102. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip III Arrhidaios. 323-317 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25.5mm, 17.10 g, 12h). In the name of Alexander III. Uncertain mint in Cilicia. Struck under Philotas or Philoxenos. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; wreath in left field, d5 below throne. Price 2949 (Side[?] mint). EF, a couple tiny die breaks on obverse. ($500)

103. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip III Arrhidaios. 323-317 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 17.16 g, 2h). In the name of Alexander III. Uncertain mint in Cilicia. Struck under Philoxenos, circa 320-318/7 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; Å5 in left field, ∫s below throne. Price 2952 (Side[?] mint). Good VF, darkly toned. ($300) From the Collection of José Miguel Márquez del Prado. Ex Áureo & Calicó 293 (24 May 2017), lot 2018.

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104. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip III Arrhidaios. 323-317 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27.5mm, 17.29 g, 12h). In the name of Alexander III. Uncertain mint in Cilicia. Struck under Philoxenos, circa 320-318/7 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; f5 in left field, ∫s under throne. Price 2955 (Side[?] mint). Good VF, toned, slight die shift, light graffito in field on reverse. ($400) From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection. Ex Stack’s (2 December 1997), lot 509.

Dated to 312/1 BC

105. KINGS of MACEDON. Antigonos I Monophthalmos. As king, 306/5-301 BC. AV Stater (17mm, 8.59 g, 4h). In the name and types of Alexander III. Tyre mint. Struck under Menes. Dated RY 38 of ‘Ozmilk (312/1 BC). Head of Athena right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet decorated with griffin, triple-pendant earring, and necklace / ŬExÅ@droU, Nike standing left, holding wreath in extended right hand and cradling stylis in left arm; below left wing, )o (Phoenician ‘K [= ‘Ozmilk]) and ‹‹ ‹‹‹ ‹‹‹ 0( (Phoenician date [38], in two lines). Price 3294 (Ake); Newell, Dated 43 (obv. die S [unlisted for issue 43]); HGC 10, 1 (Ake); DCA 733; BM inv. 1987,0649.107 (same dies). Near EF, underlying luster. Well struck, with a clear date. Very rare, only two (correctly attributed) in CoinArchives, seven in Pella. Better than the Adams piece (CNG 100, lot 53), which hammered at $6500. ($5000)

106. KINGS of MACEDON. Antigonos I Monophthalmos. As Strategos of Asia, 320-306/5 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28mm, 16.98 g, 11h). In the name and types of Alexander III. Babylon mint. Struck under Peithon, circa 315-311 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; ¶ in left field, é below throne. Price 3734 var. (no pellet within P of left field monogram). EF, lightly toned. ($500) From the Collection of José Miguel Márquez del Prado. Ex RAJ Collection (Triton XVII, 7 January 2014), lot 158; Collection C.P.A. (Classical Numismatic Group 78, 14 May 2008), lot 418; Classical Numismatic Group 66 (19 May 2004), lot 253.

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107. KINGS of MACEDON. Antigonos I Monophthalmos. As Strategos of Asia, 320-306/5 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 17.09 g, 5h). In the name and types of Alexander III. Susa mint. Struck under Aspesias, Satrap of Susiana, circa 316311 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field; wreath in left field; below throne, Å5 above strut, Z below. Price 3857; Sunrise 156 (this coin). EF, minor obverse die shift. ($750) From the Collection of José Miguel Márquez del Prado. Ex Sunrise Collection (Triton XVIII, 6 January 2015), lot 11.

108. KINGS of MACEDON. temp. Antigonos I Monophthalmos – Lysimachos. Circa 310-280 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26.5mm, 16.83 g, 1h). In the name and types of Alexander III. Uncertain mint in Western Asia Minor. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; x in left field. Price 4062 (Uncertain mint). Near EF, slight die shift on obverse. Extremely rare, Price notes only a piece in The Hague, none in Pella or CoinArchives. ($500) From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection, purchased from Freeman & Sear, 17 January 2014.

110 109 109. KINGS of MACEDON. Kassander. As regent, 317-305 BC. AR Tetradrachm (23.5mm, 14.24 g, 3h). In the name and types of Philip II. Amphipolis mint. Struck circa 314-310 BC. Laureate head of Zeus right / Youth, holding palm, on horseback right; below, ¬ above boukranion; + below raised foreleg. Le Rider pl. 47, 3; cf. HGC 3, 988. Good VF, toned, minor porosity. Very rare, only one in CoinArchives. ($500) 110. KINGS of MACEDON. Kassander. As regent, 317-305 BC, or King, 305-297 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24.5mm, 17.17 g, 1h). In the name and types of Alexander III. Amphipolis mint. Struck circa 307-297 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, ¬ above torch; * below throne. Price 447; Ehrhardt 35. Good VF, lightly toned. ($300) From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection, purchased from Dennis Devine, 16 January 2005.

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111. KINGS of MACEDON. Kassander. As regent, 317-305 BC, or King, 305-297 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27.5mm, 17.15 g, 5h). In the name and types of Alexander III. Amphipolis mint. Struck circa 307-297 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, ¬ above torch; below throne, forepart of Pegasos left. Price 460; Ehrhardt 26. Good VF, toned, a couple minor flan flaws on obverse. ($300) From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection, purchased from Dennis Devine, 16 January 2005.

112. KINGS of MACEDON. Kassander. As regent, 317-305 BC, or King, 305-297 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27.5mm, 17.07 g, 8h). In the name and types of Alexander III. Ouranopolis mint. Struck under Alexarchos, circa 310-297 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, star-on-cone above c, π below throne. Price 514; Ehrhardt 62. Near EF, toned. ($500) From the Collection of José Miguel Márquez del Prado. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 96 (14 May 2014), lot 62.

113. KINGS of MACEDON. Kassander. As regent, 317-305 BC, or King, 305-297 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27.5mm, 17.08 g, 1h). In the name and types of Alexander III. Ouranopolis mint. Struck under Alexarchos, circa 310-297 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, star-on-cone above c; below throne, Q above strut, π below. Price 520; Ehrhardt 64. EF, toned. ($300) From the Belgica Collection. Ex Triton IX (10 January 2006), lot 761.

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114. KINGS of MACEDON. temp. Kassander – Antigonos II Gonatas. Circa 310-275 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27.5mm, 17.00 g, 5h). In the name and types of Alexander III. Uncertain mint in Greece or Macedon. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, dolphin left; r below throne, g in exergue. Price 856 corr. (monogram in exergue). EF, lightly toned, slight die shift on reverse. ($400) From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection. Ex Triton IX (9 January 2006), lot 770; Seleucus I Hoard (CH X, 265).

115. KINGS of MACEDON. temp. Kassander – Antigonos II Gonatas. Circa 310-275 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 17.28 g, 1h). In the name and types of Alexander III. Uncertain mint in Greece or Macedon. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left on throne without back; aphlaston in left field. Price 861a (same obv. die); Triton XXI, lot 405 (same dies). Good VF, toned. ($500) From the Collection of José Miguel Márquez del Prado. Ex Áureo & Calicó 295 (5 July 2017), lot 14.

116. KINGS of MACEDON. temp. Kassander – Antigonos II Gonatas. Circa 310-275 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27.5mm, 16.99 g, 1h). In the name and types of Alexander III. Uncertain mint in Greece or Macedon. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; torch and d5 in left field, w below throne. Price 876–7 var. (monogram); SNG München 396 var. (monogram; same obv. die); Seleucus I Hoard 459 corr. (monogram; this coin). Near EF. Unique; the only recorded example with this monogram. ($500) From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection. Ex Triton IX (9 January 2006), lot 775; Seleucus I Hoard (CH X, 265), 459.

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117. KINGS of MACEDON. Demetrios I Poliorketes. 306-283 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27.5mm, 17.06 g, 1h). In the name and types of Alexander III. Corinth mint. Struck circa 304/3-290 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, horse head left; dE below throne. Noe, Sicyon 34.– (A66/P121 [unlisted die combination]); Price 690; HGC 3, –. Good VF, lightly toned. ($500) From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection, purchased from Spink, 24 December 2002.

118. KINGS of MACEDON. Demetrios I Poliorketes. 306-283 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29mm, 17.09 g, 6h). In the name and types of Alexander III. Tyre mint. Struck circa 290-286 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; W in left field, ˆ below throne. Price 3539; Hersh, Tyrus 29 (dies X/– [unlisted rev. die]); HGC 3, 1009b. EF, lightly toned, slightly off center. ($500) From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection, purchased from Spink, December 1997.

119. KINGS of MACEDON. Demetrios I Poliorketes. 306-283 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29mm, 17.15 g, 9h). Pella mint. Struck circa 294-293 BC. Nike, blowing trumpet and holding stylis, standing left on prow of galley left / Poseidon Pelagaios standing left, preparing to throw trident; g to left; to right, dolphin left above star. Newell 68 (obv. die LVII); SNG München 1042 var. (no dolphin; same obv. die). Superb EF, lustrous. ($5000) Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 77 (26 May 2014), lot 31; Classical Numismatic Group 50 (23 June 1999), lot 545.

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120. KINGS of MACEDON. Demetrios I Poliorketes. 306-283 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28.5mm, 17.17 g, 7h). Thebes mint. Struck circa 289-287 BC. Diademed and horned head right / Poseidon Pelagaios standing left, foot on rock, holding trident; Ò to inner right. Newell 141 (unlisted dies). Near EF, minor die shift. Well centered. ($2000) From the Collection of José Miguel Márquez del Prado. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 94 (18 September 2013), lot 284.

121. KINGS of MACEDON. Demetrios I Poliorketes. 306-283 BC. Æ Unit (19mm, 5.15 g, 1h). Uncertain mint. Laureate head of Poseidon right / Athena Promachos striding right, preparing to throw lance; 1 to inner left, labrys to inner right. Newell 166; HGC 3, 1021. Good VF, brown surfaces, flan crack, minor pitting. Well centered. ($200) From the Belgica Collection.

122. KINGS of MACEDON. Demetrios I Poliorketes. 306-283 BC. Æ Half Unit (16mm, 2.53 g, 12h). Uncertain mint. Laureate head of Poseidon right / Prow right; labrys to right, 1 below. Newell 167; HGC 3, 1029. EF, dark green patina. ($200) From the Belgica Collection. Ex Robert A. Weimer Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 72, 14 June 2006), lot 498; Freeman & Sear MBS 6 (6 October 2000), lot 261.

123. KINGS of MACEDON. Antigonos II Gonatas. 277/6-239 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 16.81 g, 1h). In the name and types of Alexander III. Pella mint. Struck circa 276-274 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; oinochoe below throne. Price 565; HGC 3, –. Good VF, toned, light scuff at edge on reverse. Very rare, two in Pella, three in CoinArchives (including the present coin). ($300) From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection. Ex Lanz 112 (25 November 2002), lot 158.

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124. KINGS of MACEDON. Antigonos II Gonatas. 277/6-239 BC. AR Tetradrachm (31mm, 16.78 g, 7h). Amphipolis mint. Struck circa 274/1-260/55 BC. Horned head of Pan left, lagobolon over shoulder, in the center of a Macedonian shield / Athena Alkidemos advancing left, holding shield decorated with aegis, preparing to cast thunderbolt; crested Macedonian helmet to inner left, Ò to inner right. Panagopoulou Period III, Group 8, 36 (O7/R35); HGC 3.1, 1042. Good VF, toned. ($750) From the Collection of José Miguel Márquez del Prado. Ex Roma E-Sale 23 (9 January 2016), lot 107.

125. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip V. 221-179 BC. AR Tetradrachm (30.5mm, 16.66 g, 11h). In the name and types of Alexander III. Pella mint. Struck circa 180 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; tripod in left field, ∫ below throne. Price 633; HGC 3, 1054. VF, toned. Rare type for Philip V. ($300) From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection. Ex Will Gordon Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 102, 18 May 2016), lot 253; Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 42 (12 November 2001), lot 64886.

126. KINGS of MACEDON. Philip V. 221-179 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24.5mm, 16.78 g, 12h). In the name and types of Alexander III. Corinth mint. Struck circa 220-215 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, trident head horizontally left; QE below throne. Cf. Price 700; Noe, Sicyon, p. 34 and pl. XIII, C (same dies). EF, lightly toned. Extremely rare, possibly one of two known. ($500) From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection. Ex Gorny & Mosch 118 (14 October 2002), lot 1268. This coin has the same control marks as Price 700, but differs from that issue in general style, the lack of small Nikai on the throne back, and the orientation of the trident head horizontally, rather than vertically. Noe noted and illustrated an example from the same dies that he observed in a “Peloponnesian Hoard” that has not otherwise been recorded. In his text, Noe observed the stylistic differences between that coin and the others at Corinth, and, though he does not state it directly, he suggests that it is not from the same issue, and possibly not the same mint. Later analysis of the Peloponnesian Alexanders, though, has shown that the coinage at this late date was struck for military purposes, and perhaps under hasty circumstances (demonstrated by the wide variance of styles and the use of dies far beyond their typical life span). As such, it is possible that the same circumstance that prompted the striking of coins of Price 700 re-emerged, requiring new dies made by a different engraver, whose style was markedly divergent from that of his predecessor.

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127. KINGS of MACEDON. Perseus. 179-168 BC. AR Tetradrachm (30.5mm, 15.32 g, 12h). Reduced standard. Pella or Amphipolis mint; Au-, mintmaster. Struck circa 171-168 BC. Diademed head right / Eagle, wings spread, standing right on thunderbolt; ã above, Q (mintmaster’s monogram) to right, f between legs; all within oak wreath; below, plow left. Mamroth, Perseus 18b; HGC 3, 1094. Good VF, toned. ($1000) Ex New York Sale XXXII (8 January 2014), lot 138.

128 129 128. KINGS of MACEDON. Perseus. 179-168 BC. AR Tetradrachm (32mm, 15.45 g, 12h). Reduced standard. Pella or Amphipolis mint; Au-, mintmaster. Struck circa 171-168 BC. Diademed head right / Eagle, wings spread, standing right on thunderbolt; 1 above, Q (mintmaster’s monogram) to right, h between legs; all within oak wreath; below, plow right. Mamroth, Perseus 20b; HGC 3, 1094. Good VF, softly struck on obverse. ($500) 129. MACEDON (Roman Protectorate), Republican period. First Meris. Circa 167-149 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29.5mm, 16.06 g, 9h). Amphipolis mint. Diademed and draped bust of Artemis right, bow and quiver over shoulder, in the center of a Macedonian shield / Club; 1 and µÅkEdo@W@ above, ∏rWt˙% below; all within oak wreath, thunderbolt to left. Prokopov, Silver 159 (O46/R135); HGC 3, 1103. EF, lightly toned, compact flan. Bold strike. ($500)

130. KINGS of PAEONIA. Audoleon. Circa 315-286 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 12.62 g, 12h). Astibos or Damastion mint(?). Helmeted head of Athena facing slightly right / Horse walking right, rein trailing below; star below raised foreleg. Cf. Peykov E4340; NBRM Paeonia –; HGC 3.1, 151; SNG ANS 1056. Near EF, lightly toned. Well centered on a broad flan. ($2000) From the Belgica Collection. Ex Tkalec (26 November 2014), lot 45.

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131

132

131. BOEOTIA, Thebes. Circa 425-395 BC. AR Stater (21mm, 12.13 g, 3h). Boeotian shield, club across upper half / Bearded head of Dionysos right, wearing ivy wreath, within incuse square. BCD Boiotia 441 (this coin); HGC 4, 1326. VF, toned, banker’s mark on obverse, minor granularity and small scratch on reverse. Overstruck on a stater of Elis-Olympia with obverse type eagle flying left, animal in its talons. ($500) Ex BCD Collection (Triton IX, 10 January 2006), lot 441; Schweizerischer Bankverein 38 (12 September 1995), lot 156. From the BCD Triton IX catalog: “This coin ... may have been part of a consignment of Peloponnesian staters sent north during the war so that they could be converted to Boiotian currency to better serve the military plans of the Allies against Athens. The obverse [die] of the undertype could only be Seltman, Temple, BD, BE or BG, all three of them belonging to the plentiful issues struck just before the beginning of the Peloponnesian War.”

What if... 132. BOEOTIA, Thebes. Circa 364-362 BC. AR Stater (21mm, 12.20 g). Epa(minondas), magistrate. Boeotian shield / Amphora; Boeotian shield above, Eπ-πÅ across central field; all within concave circle. Hepworth, Epaminondas, pl. 3, 4; Hepworth 35; BCD Boiotia 542; HGC 4, 1333. VF, even gray tone, small spot of encrustation on edge and small flaw on shield. ($500) From the D. C. Kopen Collection. Ex BCD Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 72, 14 June 2006), lot 651. There are times when some of us wonder what the world would be like today if Alexander the Great had lived to a ripe old age. The same kind of “What if ...” thinking could be applied to Epaminondas. His premature death on the battlefield of Mantineia in 362 BC deprived Thebes of its greatest statesman and soldier, signalling the start of Thebes’ rapid decline into obscurity. If Epaminondas had lived to reap the benefits of his Mantineian victory, he would have undoubtedly proceeded to unite all Greece under his leadership. The next step would be to turn to the North and face Philip who, instead of finding a divided Greece ready for the taking, would think twice before attempting to invade Thessaly. Whether then there would be a clash between the two emerging superpowers or a truce between them, is anybody’s guess. Perhaps Philip would remember the years he spent as a hostage in Thebes and his respect for the Theban statesman would prevail. The conquest of Asia would then materialize sooner and in a more permanent manner. But, like many great soldiers, Epaminondas inspired his men by leading them into battle and, instead of capitalizing on his genius, Thebes paid the price for his bravery.

Ex Stack and BCD Collections

133. BOEOTIA, Thespiai. Early-mid 4th century BC. AR Stater (22.5mm, 12.02 g). Boeotian shield / Head of Aphrodite Melainis to right; crescents to right and below neck, QEsπ-5˚o@ flanking neck. BCD Boiotia 605 (this coin); Head, Boeotia p. 56, pl. IV, 20 = BMC 9 (same dies); Boston MFA Supp. 94 (same rev. die); HGC 4, 1397 (this coin illustrated). Good VF, superb old cabinet tone. Very rare. ($10,000) Ex Lawrence R. Stack Collection (Stack’s, 14 January 2008), lot 2169; BCD Collection (Triton IX, 10 January 2006), lot 605.

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134. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 515-510 BC. AR Hemiobol (5.5mm, 0.27 g). Pomegranate / Quadripartite incuse square, diagonally divided. Seltman p. 167 (“apple”), pl. IV, ζζ; HGC 4, 1670. VF, toned. Very rare. ($1000) Lot includes a Spink stock ticket dated 7-67 (July 1967), erroneously attributing the piece to Side in Pamphylia.

135. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 500/490-485/0 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24.5mm, 17.41 g, 11h). Head of Athena right, wearing round earring and crested Attic helmet decorated with tiny spiral on the bowl (behind her ear) / Owl standing right, head facing; olive sprig to left, ¡QE to right; all within incuse square. Seltman Groups M & G; Asyut Group IV; HGC 4, 1590. Good VF, lightly toned, slight roughness. Well centered on a broad flan. ($3000)

136. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 500/490-485/0 BC. AR Tetradrachm (22.5mm, 16.75 g, 11h). Helmeted head of Athena right / Owl standing right, head facing; olive spray to left; all within incuse square. Seltman Groups M & G; Asyut Group IV; HGC 4, 1590. VF, toned, some smoothing, minor porosity. ($3000) Ex Peus 351 (23 April 1997), lot 139; Peus 345 (1 November 1995), lot 71; Nicholas V. Jamgochian Collection (Peus 340, 2 November 1994), lot 243.

137. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 454-404 BC. AR Tetradrachm (23mm, 17.16 g, 4h). Helmeted head of Athena right, with frontal eye / Owl standing right, head facing; olive sprig and crescent to left; all within incuse square. Kroll 8; HGC 4, 1597. EF, toned, a few small marks and tiny die breaks. Fine style. ($2000) Ex Gemini XII (11 January 2015), lot 122.

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138. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 454-404 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 17.08 g, 1h). Helmeted head of Athena right, with frontal eye / Owl standing right, head facing; olive sprig and crescent to left; all within incuse square. Kroll 8; HGC 4, 1597. EF, toned, trace deposits. Well centered. ($1500)

139. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 454-404 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 17.18 g, 5h). Helmeted head of Athena right, with frontal eye / Owl standing right, head facing; olive sprig and crescent to left; all within incuse square. Kroll 8; HGC 4, 1597. EF, toned, tiny die breaks on obverse, trace deposits on reverse. Well centered. ($1500)

140. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 454-404 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 17.16 g, 5h). Helmeted head of Athena right, with frontal eye / Owl standing right, head facing; olive sprig and crescent to left; all within incuse square. Kroll 8; HGC 4, 1597. Near EF, lightly toned, tiny deposits on obverse. Well centered on a broad flan. ($1500)

141. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 454-404 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24.5mm, 17.16 g, 9h). Helmeted head of Athena right, with frontal eye / Owl standing right, head facing; olive sprig and crescent to left; all within incuse square. Kroll 8; HGC 4, 1597. Near EF, toned, die break on obverse. ($1000)

142. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 454-404 BC. AR Obol (8.5mm, 0.66 g, 11h). Helmeted head of Athena right, with frontal eye / Owl standing right, head facing; olive sprig to left; all within incuse square. Kroll 13; HGC 4, 1665. VF, find patina, minor roughness. ($300) 41


143. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 165-42 BC. AR Tetradrachm (30mm, 16.73 g, 11h). New Style coinage. Timarchos, Nikago–, and Doroth–, magistrates. Struck 134/3 BC. Helmeted head of Athena right / Owl standing right, head facing, on amphora; magistrates’ names in fields, anchor and star to left, Å on amphora, %f below; all within wreath. Thompson 361b (same dies); HGC 4, 1602. Near EF. ($750)

144. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 165-42 BC. AR Tetradrachm (30.5mm, 16.80 g, 11h). New Style coinage. Timarchos, Nikag(oras), and Lysia-, magistrates. Struck 134/3 BC. Helmeted head of Athena Parthenos right / Owl standing right, head facing, on amphora; magistrates’ names in fields, anchor and star to left, Z on amphora, ME below; all within wreath. Thompson 365a (same dies); HGC 4, 1602. Near EF, lightly toned. Well centered. ($750) Ex Triton XIV (4 January 2011), lot 204.

145. ATTICA, Athens. Circa 165-42 BC. AR Tetradrachm (30mm, 16.88 g, 12h). New Style coinage. Antiochos, Karaichos, and Menan–, magistrates. Struck 131/0 BC. Helmeted head of Athena right / Owl standing right, head facing, on amphora; magistrates’ names in fields; to right, elephant standing right; 5 on amphora, ÂE below; all within wreath. Cf. Thompson 400/399f (for obv./rev. dies); HGC 4, 1602; SNG Copenhagen 213 (same rev. die). EF, toned. ($1000) Ex Waddell inventory 50255 (ND); Redpath Collection (Gemini X, 13 January 2013), lot 52, hammer $2000.

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147 146 146. ISLANDS off ATTICA, Aegina. Circa 480-457 BC. AR Stater (19.5mm, 12.20 g, 1h). Sea turtle, head in profile, with ‘T-back’ design on shell / Large square incuse with skew pattern. Meadows, Aegina, Group IIIa; Milbank Period III, pl. I, 15; HGC 6, 435; SNG Copenhagen 507; Dewing 1674; Gillet 947; Gulbenkian 523; Jameson 1199. Good VF, iridescent tone. ($3000) Ex Berk BBS 195 (29 October 2015), lot 104; Patrick H. James Collection (Triton XVIII, 6 January 2015), lot 527; Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 362.

147. ISLANDS off ATTICA, Aegina. Circa 350-338 BC. AR Drachm (18mm, 5.76 g, 6h). Land tortoise with segmented shell / Incuse square with thin skew pattern; two pellets in one segment. Milbank Period V, pl. II, 16; HGC 6, 443. VF, toned, some porosity. ($750) Ex Waddell inventory 50122 (ND); Elvira Elisa Clain-Stefanelli Collection [sold as the Demarete Collection] (Stack’s Bowers and Ponterio 172, 13 November 2012), lot 11640.

148. CORINTHIA, Corinth. Circa 550-500 BC. AR Stater (26mm, 8.15 g). Pegasos flying left / Incuse square with swastika style pattern. Ravel 32 var. (P25/T?); Pegasi 17 = Walcher von Molthein 1512 (same obv. die); BCD Corinth 3; HGC 4, 1815. VF, toned. Well centered on a broad flan. Excellent metal for issue. ($2000) Ex Lanz 157 (9 December 2013), lot 123.

149. SIKYONIA, Sikyon. Circa 225-215 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29.5mm, 16.87 g, 11h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, youth standing left, holding tainia overhead, and dove standing left, pecking at leg of Zeus; m below throne. Noe, Sicyon – (A90/P– [unlisted with this monogram]); Price 720; HGC 5, 254. Near EF, lightly toned, some die wear, slight die shift and faint die break on reverse. Extremely rare, none in Pella, no others in CoinArchives, only one example noted by Price in a 1973 Kress sale (struck from the same dies as the present coin). ($500) From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection. Ex Gorny & Mosch 118 (14 October 2002), lot 1265. According to A. Milavic (“Pankration and Greek Coins,” The Celator 13.12 [December 1999], and “Pankration and Greek Coins,” The International Journal of the History of Sport 18.2 [2001], pp. 179–92), the youth on the reverse is most likely Sostratos, the famous pankratiast of Sikyon who won three Olympic victories, in 364, 360, and 356 BC, as well as 12 other victories in the Isthmian and Nemean Games. Sostratos was known as the ‘fingerman’ for bending and breaking the fingers of his opponents in this brutal athletic contest.

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150. SIKYONIA, Sikyon. Circa 225-215 BC. AR Tetradrachm (30mm, 16.90 g, 11h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, $E above youth standing left, holding tainia overhead; Ã below throne. Noe, Sicyon – (A94/P– [unlisted issue with $E]); Price 725 var. (no $E on rev.); CNG 93, lot 319 (same dies). Good VF, lightly toned, minor marks. Well centered. Extremely rare, only three in CoinArchives, none in Pella. ($500) From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection, purchased from Jonathan Kern, 15 January 2002.

151. ELIS, Olympia. 134th-143rd Olympiad. Circa 244-208 BC. AR Drachm (17.5mm, 4.64 g, 4h). Eagle flying right, tearing at hare held in its talons / Vertical thunderbolt with volutes above, wings below. Elis Hoard Group III; BCD Olympia 243 (this coin); HGC 5, 509. Good VF, toned. Well centered strike. ($1000) From the D. C. Kopen Collection. Ex Triton XII (6 January 2009), lot 263; BCD Collection (Leu 90, 10 May 2004), lot 243.

152. LAKONIA, Lakedaimon (Sparta). Circa 48-35 BC. Æ Hexachalkon (22.5mm, 6.07 g, 1h). Bearded head of Lykourgos right / Club surmounted by kerykeion; v5 to left, m to right; all within wreath. Grunauer Group XVII, 5 corr. (left side monogram); BCD Peloponnesos 906 (this coin); HGC 5, 623. Good VF, attractive even dark green-brown patina. High relief for issue. ($750) Ex BCD Collection (LHS 96, 8 May 2006), lot 906.

153. ARGOLIS, Epidauros. Circa 250-200 BC. Æ Dichalkon (14mm, 2.39 g, 2h). Laureate head of Asklepios right / Snake coiled right. Newell, Five 45; BCD Peloponnesos 1249 (this coin); HGC 5, 734 (this coin illustrated). Near EF, lovely brown patina. Exceptional for issue. Rare. ($750) Ex Cederlind 147 (17 July 2008), lot 59; BCD Collection (LHS 96, 8 May 2006), lot 1249.

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54. CRETE, Kydonia. Circa 450-330 BC. AR Triobol (12mm, 2.78 g, 6h). Tortoise with T-pattern shell; ˚ to right / Incuse square with skew pattern. Unpublished in the standard references. VF, toned, a hint of porosity. Extremely rare, none in CoinArchives. ($500) It is possible that SNG Delepierre 1528 is of this same type, but the letter, if it is present, is partially obscured.

155. CRETE, Kydonia. Circa 320-270 BC. AR Stater (23mm, 10.89 g, 6h). Head of maenad right, wearing triplependant earring / Kydon standing left, stringing bow, in pellet border within shallow circular incuse. Svoronos, Numismatique 11 and pl. IX, 5 (same dies); Le Rider, Crétoises, p. 37, 283, and pl. IX, 21 (this coin); SNG Copenhagen –; BMC 2 (same dies). VF, toned, typical areas of flat strike, die break in field on obverse. ($1000) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection. Ex 1953 Phaestus region Hoard (IGCH 152), no. 283.

156. CRETE, Rhaokos. Circa 300-270 BC. AR Hemidrachm (16mm, 2.16 g, 2h). Laureate head of Poseidon left; trident over shoulder / Two dolphins left. Svoronos, Numismatique 24; SNG Copenhagen 553. VF, deeply toned, some areas of roughness. Rare. ($500) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

157. CYCLADES, Paros. Early 2nd century BC. AR Didrachm (21mm, 7.52 g, 1h). Teisen, magistrate. Head of female right, hair bound in tainia / Goat standing right; tE5%˙@>∏År5 in two lines above. Tully Di2.A, 1b (O1/R1 – this coin); HGC 6, 661; SNG Berry 881 (same dies); SNG Fitzwilliam 4018 (same dies). VF, toned, minor roughness, small chip at edge on obverse. Rare. ($1000) Ex Triton XIX (5 January 2016), lot 136; Hess-Divo 317 (27 October 2010), lot 206; Künker 158 (28 September 2009), lot 238; Berk BBS 165 (28 July 2009), no. 187; Berk BBS 48 (22 April 1987), no. 116.

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158. CIMMERIAN BOSPOROS, Pantikapaion. Circa 340-325 BC. AV Stater (21mm, 9.15 g, 12h). Head of Pan left, wearing ivy wreath / Griffin, holding spear in its mouth, standing left, head facing, forepaw raised, on grain ear; ∏-Å-@ around. MacDonald 54; Anokhin 1021; HGC 7, 20; SNG BM Black Sea 864; Gulbenkian 587 = Locker-Lampson 123; cf. Kraay & Hirmer 440. Choice EF, lustrous. ($30,000) Pantikapaion was founded by Greek colonists from Miletos in the late seventh century BC. Situated on the west side of the Cimmerian Bosporos, in what is now called the Crimea, it achieved great prosperity through its exploitation of the abundant fisheries of the straits and the export of wheat from the Crimea. This wealth is attested by its splendid gold coinage, which commenced in the mid-4th century BC, and by the magnificently furnished rock tombs of its principal citizens in the same period. Later, it was to become a regional capital of the kingdom of Mithradates VI of Pontos (120-63 BC) and later still the seat of the kings of Bosporos (first century BC – fourth century AD). The coinage of Pantikapaion seems to have commenced with silver issues in the latter part of the fifth century BC, but it is for its beautiful gold staters that the mint is chiefly noted. They depict the head of the god Pan (a pun on the name of the city) and on the reverse the griffin that Herodotos describes as being the guardian of the remote sources of gold.

159 160 159. CIMMERIAN BOSPOROS, Pantikapaion. Circa 310-304/3 BC. Æ (21mm, 7.08 g, 1h). Bearded head of satyr right / Forepart of griffin left; below, sturgeon left. Anokhin 1023; MacDonald 69; HGC 7, 113. EF, brown surfaces. ($200) 160. PAPHLAGONIA, Sinope. Circa 330-300 BC. AR Drachm (19mm, 5.92 g, 6h). Saty–, magistrate. Head of nymph left, hair in sakkos; aphlaston to left / Sea-eagle standing left, wings spread, on dolphin left; sÅtU below eagle’s wings. RG 25 var. (unlisted magistrate); SNG BM Black Sea –; SNG Stancomb 765; HGC 7, 391 var. (unlisted magistrate). Near EF, toned, minor roughness, slight die shift on reverse. Very rare magistrate. ($300)

161 161. BITHYNIA, Kalchedon. Circa 260-220 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29mm, 16.79 g, 12h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; , in left field, grain ear in exergue. Price 926 (Kallatis); Türkoğlu –; HGC 7, 521. Good VF, toned, a couple minor cuts on obverse. ($300) From the Collection of José Miguel Márquez del Prado. Ex Áureo & Calicó 295 (5 July 2017), lot 23. See U. Wartenberg & J.H. Kagan, “Some Comments on a New Hoard from the Balkan Sea” in Travaux Le Rider, pp. 402–5, for the reattribution of this, and many of the other issues Price assigned to Kallatis, to Kalchedon.

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163 162 162. BITHYNIA, Kalchedon. Circa 260-220 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28mm, 16.71 g, 12h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; # in left field, grain ear in exergue. Price 928 (Kallatis); HGC 7, 521. Near EF, toned, a few marks, some porosity. ($400) From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection.

163. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Stater (17mm, 16.01 g). Facing head of Silenos, protruding tongue; at sides, two tunnies upward / Quadripartite incuse square. Cf. Von Fritze I 77 (unlisted denomination); cf. Greenwell 45 (same); cf. Boston MFA 1424 = Warren 1465 (hekte); cf. SNG BN 208 (hekte); BMC –; Gillet –; Gulbenkian –; Jameson –; Weber –; Triton XX, lot 202; CNG 103, lot 200; CNG 75, lot 366; Hess-Divo 325, lot 210 = Sincona 10, lot 113 = Vinchon (24 Nov. 1994), lot 61 = M.J. Price, “1. A Field in Western Thrace” in CH II, 2. VF, a few minor flaws. Very rare. ($5000) Ex Lanz 162 (6 June 2016), lot 73.

1.5:1

2:1 164

1.5:1

1.5:1

2:1 165

1.5:1

164. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (10mm, 2.65 g). Harpy standing left on basis, holding a tunny by its tail / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 74; cf. Boston MFA 1441 = Warren 1518 (stater); SNG BN 203–4. VF, banker’s mark in field on obverse. ($500) 165. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 550-450 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (8.5mm, 2.65 g). Helmeted head of Athena left on tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 67; Boston MFA 1447 = Warren 1444; cf. SNG BN 195 (hemihekte). Good VF, off center on reverse. ($500)

2:1 2:1 1.5:1 1.5:1 1.5:1 1.5:1 166 167 166. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 450-330 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (11mm, 2.64 g). Head of young male left; below, tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 143; cf. Boston MFA 1514 (stater); cf. SNG BN 294 (stater); Weber 4990. Good VF, die break below neck truncation. Very rare as a hekte, only two in CoinArchives. ($1000)

New Denomination 167. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 450-330 BC. EL Hemihekte – Twelfth Stater (8mm, 1.35 g). Laureate head of Zeus right set on [tunny right] / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze –; Greenwell –; Hurter & Liewald I 1 var. (unlisted denomination); cf. Gulbenkian 671 = Hermitage Sale II 1175 (stater). Good VF. Unique as a hemihekte; an unpublished denomination of an extremely rare issue. ($500) Hurter and Liewald identified three staters and one myshemihekte for this issue that was unknown to von Fritze. The addition of the hemihekte to the issue suggests that there probably also was a hekte, which has yet to be discovered.

47


168. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 450-330 BC. EL Stater (15.5mm, 15.99 g). Young Dionysos, holding [kantharos] in extended right hand, reclining left on panther skin draped over rock; [thyrsos to left]; below, tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 155; Greenwell 38; Boston MFA 1541 = Warren 1457; SNG BN 302–3; BMC 107; FSD SHM 1221 = Hermitage (Exhibition) 113; Gillet 1072; Gulbenkian –; Jameson 1425; Myrmekion –; Rosen –; Weber 5003. VF, compact flan. ($3000)

Among the Rarest Staters of Kyzikos

169

170 169. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 450-330 BC. EL Stater (15mm, 16.04 g). Demeter, wearing long chiton, himation draped over right arm, holding grain ear in left hand and scepter in right, seated left on tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 201 (same dies as illustration [Boston MFA]); Greenwell –; Boston MFA 1544 = Warren 1433 = C. Greenwell, “On some Rare Greek Coins” in NC 1890, p. 21 and pl. III, 2; SNG BN –; SNG von Aulock –; BMC –; Dewing –; FSD –; Gillet –; Gulbenkian –; Jameson –; McClean –; Myrmekion –; Pozzi –; Rosen –; Weber –. Near EF, toned. Well centered. Extremely rare, the third known; only the Boston MFA piece published in the references, and only one in CoinArchives (Roma XIV, lot 233 [hammer £30,000]). ($10,000) This is undoubtedly one of the rarest issues of electrum from the mint of Kyzikos. The type was unknown upon the publication of Greenwell’s catalog in the 1880s, though it was among others that he added in a supplemental article, while the piece was in the Warren Collection. The same piece, now in Boston, was then used to illustrate the issue in von Fritze, suggesting that it was still the only piece known. Von Fritze also did not identify any fractional pieces for the issue, nor did Hurter & Liewald in their articles. None were reported in any hoards, including the impressive Myrmekion hoard, nor among the single finds reported in FSD.

170. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 450-330 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (10mm, 2.64 g). Eros standing left, astride bull crouching left, which he holds by its horns; below, tunny left / Quadripartite incuse square. Hurter & Liewald I 9b corr. (Eros, not Nike); Von Fritze I –; Boston MFA –; SNG BN –; SNG von Aulock 1212; G.K. Jenkins, “Greek Coins Recently Acquired by the B.M.” in NC 1955, 15 corr. (same); CNG 96, lot 388 corr. (same); CNG 69, lot 351 corr. (same); Gorny & Mosch 204, lot 1457 corr. (same); Lanz 165, lot 88 = Lanz 160, lot 175. Good VF, lightly toned. Extremely rare, the finest of seven known. ($2000) Prior to the discovery of the present piece, all examples of this issue, including the unique stater, were not very well preserved. As such, previous numismatists identified the figure on the obverse as Nike, but the cataloger of the Lanz 160 hekte thought that the physique of the figure was more akin to a male, and thus the figure must be Eros. However, all the characteristics of the figure were not definitively clear even on that piece, leaving the interpretation still questionable. On the present coin, though, certainly the finest of this issue, not only is Eros’ male musculature distinctly visible, so is his penis, which settles any dispute over the question of the figure’s gender.

48


Extremely Rare Kyzikos Stater Impressive Portrait of Zeus Ammon

171. MYSIA, Kyzikos. Circa 450-330 BC. EL Stater (17mm, 15.99 g). Horned and bearded head of Zeus Ammon facing slightly left / Quadripartite incuse square. Von Fritze I 183; Greenwell –; Boston MFA 1559 = Warren 1425 = Traité II 2624, pl. 173, 32; SNG BN –; SNG von Aulock –; BMC –; FSD –; Gillet –; Gulbenkian –; Jameson –; Myrmekion 100 (same die and punch); Rosen –; Weber –; Sotheby, 8 July 1996, lot 60 = Leu 59, lot 125. Good VF. Exceptional for this extremely rare issue, apparently the fourth known. ($20,000)

172. MYSIA, Lampsakos. Circa 500-450 BC. EL Stater (21mm, 15.14 g). Forepart of Pegasos left; grapevine around / Quadripartite incuse square. Baldwin, Electrum, Period I, Group II, 12; SNG BN 1111; SNG von Aulock 1292 var. (monogram below Pegasos); SNG Copenhagen Supp. 305 var. (same); Boston MFA 1582. Near EF. Well centered on a broad flan. Among the finest to be offered in recent years. ($10,000) Ex Triton XX (10 January 2017), lot 243.

173

174

173. MYSIA, Lampsakos. Circa 500-450 BC. EL Stater (21mm, 15.22 g). Forepart of Pegasos left; grapevine around / Quadripartite incuse square. Baldwin, Electrum, Period I, Group II, 12; SNG BN 1111; SNG von Aulock 1292 var. (monogram below Pegasos); SNG Copenhagen Supp. 305 var. (same); Boston MFA 1582. Near EF, die break on obverse. Well centered. ($3000) 174. MYSIA, Parion. Circa 280-275 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28.5mm, 17.01 g, 1h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, bull butting left. Price 1461 var. (monogram below throne); Seyrig, Parion 21 var. (same); SNG France 2506 var. (same). Near EF, lightly toned, minor die shift. Apparently unique. ($500) From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection, purchased from Freeman & Sear, 17 January 2004.

49


175. MYSIA, Pergamon. Circa 166-67 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29.5mm, 12.78 g, 12h). Cistophoric type. Struck circa 166-160 BC. Cista mystica within ivy wreath / Two serpents entwined around bow and bowcase; E (civic monogram) to left, club to right. Kleiner & Noe Series 5, obv. die 8; SNG BN 1703. Near EF, toned. ($300)

176. MYSIA, Pergamon. Circa 166-67 BC. AR Tetradrachm (30mm, 12.64 g, 12h). Cistophoric type. Struck circa 166160 BC. Cista mystica within ivy wreath / Two serpents entwined around bow and bowcase; E (civic monogram) to left; to right, horizontally oriented eagle standing left above star. Kleiner & Noe Series 6, dies 10/f; SNG BN –; SNG von Aulock 1367 var. (no star). Near EF, toned, a little off center on reverse. Rare with star. ($300)

177. MYSIA, Pergamon. Circa 166-67 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28mm, 12.64 g, 1h). Cistophoric type. Struck circa 166160 BC. Cista mystica within ivy wreath / Two serpents entwined around bow and bowcase; E (civic monogram) to left, amphora to right. Kleiner & Noe Series 8, obv. die 16; SNG BN 1701. Near EF, toned. ($300)

178. MYSIA, Pergamon. Circa 166-67 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 12.62 g, 12h). Cistophoric type. Struck circa 160-150 BC. Cista mystica within ivy wreath / Two serpents entwined around bow and bowcase; E (civic monogram) to left, six-pointed star to right. Kleiner & Noe Series 12, unlisted obv. die; SNG BN –; SNG von Aulock 7463. Near EF, toned. ($300) 50


179. MYSIA, Pergamon. Circa 166-67 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27.5mm, 12.64 g, 12h). Cistophoric type. Struck circa 160150 BC. Cista mystica within ivy wreath / Two serpents entwined around bow and bowcase; E (civic monogram) to left, stylis to right. Kleiner & Noe Series 15, obv. die 35; SNG BN –; SNG Fizwilliam 4214 (same obv. die). Near EF, toned. ($300)

180 181 180. TROAS, Skepsis. 5th century BC. AR Drachm (15mm, 3.55 g, 10h). Forepart of Pegasos right / Palm tree in square linear and pellet borders; all within shallow incuse square. SNG Ashmolean –; SNG von Aulock 7643; SNG Copenhagen 470; Dewing 2223 (same dies). Good VF, toned, light porosity. Rare. ($1000) Ex Triton XVII (7 January 2014), lot 275.

181. TROAS, Skepsis. 4th century BC. AR Drachm (15.5mm, 3.57 g, 11h). Rhyton in the form of forepart of Pegasos right / Palm tree; crab and Ò flanking; within linear square surrounded by ethnic; all in shallow incuse square. Kagan, Hellenistic, dies a1/p1, pl. 3, 4 (same dies); SNG Ashmolean –; SNG Copenhagen 472 (same dies); BMC 8 (same dies). VF, toned, porous. Well centered. Very rare. ($500)

182. AEOLIS, Temnos. Circa 200 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29.5mm, 16.77 g, 1h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; oenochoe in left field. Price 1665; Mektipini 257 (same obv. die). Good VF, lightly toned, a touch of die wear and small spot of porosity on obverse. Very rare, three in Pella, three in CoinArchives. ($500) From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection. Ex Dr. Will Gordon Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 99, 13 May 2015), lot 202.

51


183. AEOLIS, Temnos. Circa 188-170 BC. AR Tetradrachm (32mm, 16.63 g, 12h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Echenikos and Geitas, magistrates. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, EcE@5>˚o% in two lines above oenochoe beneath vine tendril; ˝E5>tÅ% in two lines below throne. Price 1690; SNG Saroglos 431. Good VF, toned. ($400) From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection. Ex Noble 63 (29 March 2000), lot 3484.

2:1 2:1 1.5:1 1.5:1 1.5:1 1.5:1 184 185 184. LESBOS, Mytilene. Circa 454-428/7 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (10.5mm, 2.50 g, 10h). Bare head of male right / Head of calf right in double linear square within incuse circle. Bodenstedt Em. 39; HGC 6, 965. Good VF, underlying luster. Well centered. ($500) 185. LESBOS, Mytilene. Circa 454-428/7 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (10.5mm, 2.55 g, 10h). Helmeted head of Athena right / Two confronted female heads, their faces overlapping, within incuse square. Bodenstedt Em. 55; HGC 6, 981. Good VF, slightly weak strike on reverse. Well centered. ($1000)

186

187

186. LESBOS, Mytilene. Circa 188-170 BC. AR Tetradrachm (35mm, 16.29 g, 12h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, I above kithara; z below throne. Price 1710 corr. (monogram); HGC 6, 1047. Good VF, toned. Extremely rare, only one in Pella (in the BN, from the same rev. die), none in CoinArchives. ($500) From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection. This is reportedly the “in commerce (1982)” piece that Price refers to in his corpus. Since the BN piece was acquired from H. Seyrig, who died in 1973, and no other example is published, the present coin would appear to be the only example that could have been in commerce in 1982.

187. WESTERN ASIA MINOR, Uncertain. Mid-late 3rd century BC. AR Tetradrachm (30mm, 16.99 g, 11h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; no control marks. Price –; Mektipini 725; Seyrig, Trésors, pl. 10, 5.21. Near EF, lightly toned, flan crack. Very rare. ($500) From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection, purchased from Freeman & Sear, 16 January 2004. There are numerous Alexander type issues without any control marks from disparate mints issued from the late 4th-1st centuries BC. Their mint of issue and dating can only be presumed from a careful comparison with other issues whose attributions are known. The present piece has a stylistic affinity to a variety of civic Alexander issues in Ionia and Caria in the mid-late 3rd century. Interestingly, Price appears to include only a handful of these unmarked issues, leaving out many that were even present in references he consulted.

52


New Series with Dolphin

188. IONIA, Ephesos. Circa 180-67 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28.5mm, 12.61 g, 12h). Cistophoric type. Cista mystica within ivy wreath / Two serpents entwined around bow and bowcase; EfE to left; to right, dolphin left. Unpublished series with dolphin symbol. Near EF, toned. Extremely rare. ($300)

189. IONIA, Herakleia ad Latmon. Circa 140-135 BC. AR Tetradrachm (31mm, 16.52 g, 12h). Stephanophoric type. Head of Athena Parthenos right, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with Pegasos above the foreparts of five galloping horses / Club; ˙rÅ˚¬EWtW@ above; below, Nike walking left, holding wreath in right hand, flanked by ñ and V; all within oak wreath. Lavva, Silberprägung, Group II.B, 8–12 var. (unlisted dies); SNG von Aulock –; SNG Copenhagen –; SNG Lockett 2823. EF, even gray tone with golden hues around the devices. ($2000) Ex Shirley Hanberry Collection (Goldberg 96, 14 February 2017), lot 1535, purchased from T. D. Walker in 1987.

53


190 191 190. IONIA, Magnesia ad Maeandrum. Circa 225-200 BC. AR Tetradrachm (30mm, 16.94 g, 1h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; # in left field; maeander pattern in exergue. Price 2046 var. = BM 1910,1104.51 var. (two monograms, but same obv. die); O. Hoover, “Commerce (“Pamphylia or Cilicia” Hoard), 2000 (CH 10, 292)” in Coin Hoards X (2010), 123 (same dies). Good VF, lightly toned, overstruck on a tetradrachm of Rhodes (Ashton 212). Extremely rare, one of two recorded with this retrograde monogram. ($500) From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 57 (4 April 2001), lot 209. This is a remarkable coin in that it was overstruck on an unlikely undertype, and it also necessitates a total reevaluation of the 3rd century BC civic Alexander coinage at Magnesia. It is clear that this coin was overstruck on a tetradrachm of Rhodes signed by the magistrate Ameinias (Ashton 212); the left portion of the name that is split by the stem of the rose is visible on the reverse, as are portions of the rose and its floral base, above and below the name. What is perplexing is how the Rhodian issue was struck on an Attic weight flan, which is roughly 3-4 grams heavier than the Rhodian standard at that time. Price 2509 is a Rhodian Alexander issue that bears a monogram that R. Ashton thought may resolve to the name Ameinias, and Price thought it possible that the two series, autonomous Rhodian and Alexander type, were struck in parallel. If so, then one could speculate that an Attic standard tetradrachm flan may have been mistakenly struck with dies made for the autonomous Rhodian tetradrachms. However, in his more recent compilation of the Rhodian coinage from 408-190 BC, Ashton placed these coinages in subsequent periods, which would suggest that an unintentional mixing of flans did not occur. In any event, the chronology that Ashton proposes for his series is quite firmly grounded, so his dating of circa 230-205 for the Rhodian civic coinage should be considered for dating the present issue. Price organized the civic Alexanders at Magnesia into logical groups based on hoards as well as a common program of marking. The 3rd century issues are divided into two groups, the earlier characterized by a single monogram in the left field and a maeander pattern in the exergue, while the later group adds a second monogram in the left field. These are dated circa 282-225 BC and circa 225-200 BC, respectively. Having only one monogram, the present coin should fall into the earlier group, especially as there is an issue that has this exact monogram in retrograde (Price 2024). However, this coin is obverse die linked to Price 2046, from the later group. This suggests that the simple arrangement that Price lays out for the 3rd century should be revised, with the present issue being clearly late in the century, since the Rhodian undertype was not struck until circa 230 BC at the earliest.

191. IONIA, Magnesia ad Maeandrum. Circa 200-196 BC. AR Tetradrachm (30mm, 16.91 g, 12h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, head of horse right above fl; maeander pattern in exergue. Price 2049 var. (second monogram in left field, horse head below remaining monogram). VF. Apparently unique with these control marks in this configuration. ($400) From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection. Ex Gemini XI (12 January 2014), lot 52.

1.5:1

2:1 192

1.5:1

193

192. IONIA, Miletos. Circa 600-550 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (9.5mm, 2.32 g). Lion reclining left, head reverted, within rectangular frame / Two square punches containing, respectively, floral and stellate designs. Weidauer 130 var. (designs in punches); Elektron I 64 var. (geometric, not floral design in one punch); SNG von Aulock –; SNG Kayhan 443. VF. ($500) 193. IONIA, Miletos. Circa 210-190/70 BC. AR Tetradrachm (32mm, 16.90 g, 11h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, lion standing left, head right, above m (civic monogram); Æ below throne, á to inner right. Marcellesi 43; Price 2181A; Mektepini 405. Good VF, toned. Well centered. Extremely rare, only one in Pella, none in CoinArchives. ($500) From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection. Ex Spink 162 (27 March 2003), lot 30.

54


Third Known

194. IONIA, Phokaia. Circa 625/0-522 BC. EL Stater (21.5mm, 16.54 g). Seal (φωκη) swimming left, its trunk inscribed [...]˚oF, octopus clamped in its mouth, three square objects around / Incuse square and rectangle. Triton VI, lot 361; New York Sale XIV, lot 110 (same obv. die); otherwise unpublished. Good VF, some die rust, light scratch on obverse, scuff on reverse. Extremely rare stater of Phokaia, and only the third known of this type. ($30,000)

2:1 2:1 1.5:1 1.5:1 1.5:1 1.5:1 195 196 195. IONIA, Phokaia. Circa 625/0-522 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (10mm, 2.60 g). Head of lion left; to right, small seal upward / Quadripartite incuse square. Bodenstedt Em. 13. Good VF, slight die wear. Well centered. ($500) 196. IONIA, Phokaia. Circa 625/0-522 BC or 521-478 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (10mm, 2.58 g). Archaic head of female left / Rough incuse square. Bodenstedt – (but cf. em. 23 and 33 for similar); CNG 106, lot 381 corr. (not Bod. 33; same die and punch); Lanz 151, lot 475 = Gemini VI, 199 (same rev. punch); Leu 45, lot 218 (same rev. punch); Leu 50, lot 166 (same rev. punch); NAC 92, lot 216 (same die and punch); Nomos 15, lot 153 (same die and punch); Prospero 520 (same die and punch); Roma XIV, lot 155 (same rev. punch). EF, lustrous. Very rare type, unknown to Bodenstedt. ($1000) See also SNG Kayhan 1431 (= CNG 69, lot 437) for a silver issue of Phokaia with the same obverse type, and a quadripartite incuse reverse.

1.5:1

2:1 197

1.5:1

1.5:1

2:1 198

1.5:1

197. IONIA, Phokaia. Circa 521-478 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (10mm, 2.58 g). Forepart of lion left, devouring prey; above, small seal left / Quadripartite incuse square. Bodenstedt Em. 36. EF, toned. ($2000) 198. IONIA, Phokaia. Circa 478-387 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (10mm, 2.53 g). Head of female left, wearing stephanos ornamented with palmettes; below, small seal left / Quadripartite incuse square. Bodenstedt Em. 95. Good VF. Very rare. ($750)

199. IONIA, Priene. Circa 280-275 BC. AR Tetradrachm (30.5mm, 17.18 g, 11h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, downward trident head above ∏r5; ¬E below throne. Regling 37; Price 2237; SNG Copenhagen 752. Good VF, lightly toned. Very rare, Regling notes only two (in London and Paris), Pella includes an additional piece, and this is the sole example in CoinArchives. ($500) From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection. Ex New York Sale IX (13 January 2005), lot 74; Classical Numisimatic Group 60 (22 May 2002), lot 303.

55


200. IONIA, Smyrna. Circa 220-200 BC. AR Tetradrachm (33mm, 16.89 g, 1h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, turreted head of Tyche left above Y. Milne, Autonomous, Period VIII, unlisted monogram; Price 2254; SNG Ashmolean 2801. VF, toned, minor double strike on reverse. Extremely rare, only one in Pella and one in CoinArchives. ($300) From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection, purchased from Spink, 20 December 1995.

201. IONIA, Smyrna. Circa 150-143 BC. AR Tetradrachm (35mm, 16.34 g, 12h). Stephanophoric type. Menekrates, magistrate. Turreted head of Tyche right / Ethnic and ‚ within laurel wreath. Milne, Autonomous 141; Milne, Silver obv. die A; SNG von Aulock –; SNG Copenhagen –; BMC 4 (same obv. die). EF, toned, a couple minor die breaks in field on obverse. ($2000) Ex Roma VII (22 March 2014), lot 598.

202. IONIA, Teos. Circa 450-425 BC. AR Stater (25.5mm, 11.99 g). Griffin seated right, raising forepaw; grape bunch on vine with leaf to lower right / Quadripartite incuse square. Matzke Group Cb1; Balcer Group LIII, unlisted dies; SNG Copenhagen –; SNG von Aulock –; Jameson 1517; CNG 88, lot 353 (same obv. die). EF, toned, flan crack. ($1000) Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 92, Part II (24 May 2016), lot 1487; Peus 400 (22 April 2010), lot 163.

2:1 1.5:1 1.5:1 203 204 203. IONIA, Uncertain. Circa 650-600 BC. EL Trite – Third Stater (11.5mm, 4.75 g). Lydo-Milesian standard. Flattened striated surface / Two incuse squares. Weidauer Group II, 5; Karwiese, Artemision, Type I.6; Traité I 10; cf. SNG Kayhan 680 (hekte). Good VF, as made. ($3000) 204. IONIA, Uncertain. Circa 650-600 BC. EL Hemihekte – Twelfth Stater (7mm, 1.15 g). Lydo-Milesian standard. Flattened striated surface / Incuse square. Weidauer Group II, 9; Karwiese, Artemision, Type I.6; Traité I 13; SNG Kayhan 681. Good VF, as made. ($1500) 56


2:1 206 207 205 1.5:1 205. IONIA, Uncertain. Circa 650-600 BC. EL Forty-eighth Stater (4mm, 0.33 g). Lydo-Milesian standard. Flattened striated surface / Incuse square. Weidauer –; Karwiese, Artemision, Type I.6; Robinson, Coins 52 = Head, Coins 8; Elektron –; Rosen –; Traité –; SNG Kayhan 683 and 1527; Linzalone 1041. Good VF, as made. Very rare denomination for type, only four in CoinArchives. ($500) 1.5:1

206. IONIA, Uncertain. Circa 650-600 BC. EL Trite – Third Stater (12mm, 4.57 g). Lydo-Milesian standard. Plain globular surface with rough texture / Single incuse punch. Triton XXI, lot 477 (same die and punch); Hess-Divo 332, lot 47 = Münzen und Medaillen AG FPL 434, no. 7; otherwise unpublished with a single punch. EF, as made. Extremely rare. ($2000) 207. IONIA, Uncertain. Circa 650-600 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (10mm, 2.31 g). Lydo-Milesian standard. Globular surface with cluster of pellets / Two incuse squares. Weidauer –; Traité I –; Elektron II 10; Rosen –; SNG Kayhan –; SNG von Aulock –; Tkalec (February 2013), lot 81; CNG 106, lot 399. VF, as made. Very rare. ($1000)

208 209 208. IONIA, Uncertain. Circa 625-600 BC. EL Hemistater (15mm, 8.24 g). Phokaic standard. Square-like object in high relief on flat surface / Incuse square. Cf. Traité I 1–2 and Rosen 92 (for similar, but on different weight standard), otherwise unpublished in the standard references. VF, as made. Extremely rare. ($2000) Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 92 (23 May 2016), lot 201.

209. IONIA, Uncertain. Circa 625-600 BC. EL Hemistater (14.5mm, 8.27 g). Phokaic standard. Square-like object in low relief on a rough surface / Incuse square. CNG 106, lot 401 (same die and punch), otherwise unpublished in the standard references. VF, as made. Extremely rare. ($2000)

2:1 1.5:1 1.5:1 210 211 210. IONIA, Uncertain. Circa 625-600 BC. EL Myshemihekte – Twenty-fourth Stater (6.5mm, 0.57 g). Lydo-Milesian standard. Geometric figure resembling a star, composed of a crosshatch design, with two parallel lines splayed at one end / Quadripartite incuse square punch with a pellet in the center; each quarter contains a diagonal line radiating from the central pellet; some sections contain further lines. McFadden 4; Elektron II 16; Rosen 279; SNG Kayhan 701; SNG von Aulock –; Traité –; Zhuyuetang 5. EF. Unusually sharp detail. Rare denomination for type. ($750) 211. IONIA, Uncertain. Circa 600-550 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (10mm, 2.78 g). Phokaic standard. Fibula on convex circle (shield?) / Incuse square. Weidauer –; Elektron –; Traité I –; Boston MFA 1791; cf. Rosen 338–9 (myshemihektai); cf. SNG Kayhan 1556 (myshemihekte); SNG von Aulock –; Triton XXI, lot 487; CNG E-414, lot 217; CNG E-413, lot 98; CNG E-412, lot 223. Good VF, lustrous. ($1000) This coin, and lots 485–7 in Triton XXI, lot 217 in CNG E-414, lot 223 in CNG E-412, and lot 98 in CNG E-413, all struck on the Phokaic standard, feature designs placed on raised roundels or shields. These coins may be part of a single series, perhaps all from the same mint, unified by the shield theme and the common weight standard. Two other coins in the same apparent series appeared in NAC Auction 92: lot 203 (ram on shield) and lot 209 (stag forepart on shield). Further research is called for to identify other types in this series and to search for any links in the reverse punches.

212 213 212. IONIA, Uncertain. Circa 600-550 BC. EL Trite – Third Stater(?) (10mm, 4.16 g). Uncertain standard. Eagle flying upward, head left / Incuse square. Cf. Triton XXI, lot 491 and CNG E-413, lot 99 (both hektai), otherwise unpublished. VF. Extremely rare as a trite. ($1000) 213. IONIA, Uncertain. Circa 600-550 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater(?) (9mm, 2.11 g). Uncertain standard. Head of ram left / Incuse square. CNG E-417, lot 243; otherwise unpublished in the standard references. Near EF. Extremely rare. ($1000) The ram is a relatively common type on early electrum, but the style and weight standard of the present piece are significantly different than published examples.

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214

215

214. ISLANDS off IONIA, Chios. Circa 210-190 BC. AR Tetradrachm (32mm, 17.03 g, 12h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, y above sphinx seated left; w below throne. Bauslaugh, Posthumous, Series 48A, dies 56/125 corr. (rev. die 125 = 124); Price 2387; HGC 6, 1133; Mektipini 339 (same dies). Good VF, lightly toned. Very rare, only two examples cited by Bauslaugh (including the one piece in Pella), four in CoinArchives. ($500) From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection. Ex Spink 159 (11 July 2002), lot 912.

215. ISLANDS off IONIA, Chios. Circa 210-190 BC. AR Tetradrachm (33.5mm, 16.97 g, 12h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, c above sphinx seated left on thunderbolt. Bauslaugh, Posthumous, Series 55, dies 63/164; Price 2403; HGC 6, 1133. Near EF, toned, a few marks, minor die break on reverse. Very rare, seven examples cited by Bauslaugh (including the two pieces in Pella), none in CoinArchives. ($500) From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection. Ex Spink 159 (11 July 2002), lot 913.

216. ISLANDS off IONIA, Chios. Circa 190-165 BC. AR Tetradrachm (31.5mm, 17.00 g, 12h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Aristoteiches, magistrate. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, sphinx seated left on amphora; År5%totE5c˙[%] in exergue. Bauslaugh, Posthumous, Series 59B, dies 69/176; Price 2409; HGC 6, 1139; SNG Ashmolean 2812 (same dies). Good VF, toned, minor die break on obverse, slightly off center on reverse. Very rare, only two examples cited by Bauslaugh, one additional in Pella, one in CoinArchives. ($500)

217. ISLANDS off IONIA, Chios. Circa 190-165 BC. AR Tetradrachm (32.5mm, 16.73 g, 1h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Kraton, magistrate. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, ∏o above sphinx seated left on amphora; ˚rÅtW@ in exergue. Bauslaugh, Posthumous, Series 69, dies 81/206; Price 2422; HGC 6, 1139; SNG Copenhagen 754 (same dies). VF, toned, light marks. Very rare, twelve examples cited by Bauslaugh (including the nine in Pella), none in CoinArchives. ($400) From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection. Ex Freeman & Sear 10 (11 February 2004), lot 125.

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218. ISLANDS off IONIA, Samos. Circa 201 BC. AR Tetradrachm (31mm, 16.96 g, 12h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; prow left in left field. Barron 10 (ALA 5/ALP 10); Price 2446; HGC 6, 1240. Good VF, some die wear on obverse. Fine style. Rare, five noted by Barron, four additional in Pella, six in CoinArchives. ($500) From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection, purchased from Jonathan K. Kern, 15 January 2002.

219. LYDIA, Tralleis. Circa 166-67 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 12.63 g, 12h). Cistophoric type. Struck circa 166-160 BC. Cista mystica within ivy wreath / Two serpents entwined around bow and bowcase; to right, laureate head of Zeus right. Kleiner & Noe Series 3, unlisted obv. die; SNG Copenhagen 636. Good VF, toned. Well struck. ($300)

1.5:1

2:1

1.5:1

220. KINGS of LYDIA. temp. Ardys – Alyattes. Circa 630s-564/53 BC. EL Hekte – Sixth Stater (10.5mm, 2.33 g). Sardes mint. Confronted boars’ heads (only the right side visible), [uncertain Lydian inscription between] / Two incuse squares. Spier p. 332, 4; Weidauer Group XIII, 56 var. (left side visible); cf. SNG Kayhan 1011 (hemihekte, head of boar right); Gorny & Mosch 151, lot 197 (same dies). VF, minor edge split. Extremely rare, especially showing right-side boar with head left. ($1000)

1.5:1

221

2:1 222

1.5:1

221. KINGS of LYDIA. temp. Ardys – Kroisos. Circa 620/10-550/39 BC. EL Trite – Third Stater (12.5mm, 4.70 g). Sardes mint. Head of roaring lion right, “sun” with multiple rays on forehead / Two square punches. Weidauer Group XVI, 89; SNG Ashmolean 749–51. Near EF, banker’s mark on edge. ($1000) 222. KINGS of LYDIA. temp. Ardys – Kroisos. Circa 620/10-550/39 BC. EL Hemihekte – Twelfth Stater (7.5mm, 1.16 g). Sardes mint. Head of roaring lion right, “sun” with no rays on forehead / Square punch. Weidauer Group XVI, 90; SNG Ashmolean 757. Near EF. ($750) 59


Coinage of Kroisos The ‘Kroisos’ type coinage is one of the most recognizable of all ancient Greek coinage. All of the issues in the bimetallic, gold and silver, series feature the same confronted lion and bull foreparts on the obverse, and two incuse punches (or a single punch in the case of small denominations) on the reverse. It is thought that the series began on a ‘heavy’ standard, with gold and silver staters of equal weight, around 10.6-10.7 grams, which was later reduced to about 8.17 grams for the gold. More recently, though, studies have shown that coins of both standards circulated together, but that the heavy standard was only used for a relatively short time compared to the light standard, which continued to be used into the Persian period. The Kroiseids have also traditionally been broken down into two stylistic groups, ‘realistic’ and ‘stylized’, with hoard evidence suggesting that the former belonged to the time of Kroisos, while the latter were of the time of the Persians.

223. KINGS of LYDIA. Kroisos. Circa 564/53-550/39 BC. AV Stater (18mm, 10.77 g). Heavy standard. Sardes mint. Regular issue. Confronted foreparts of lion and bull / Two incuse squares. Berk 2; Le Rider, Naissance, pl. V, 2; Traité I 396; SNG Ashmolean 759; SNG von Aulock 2873–4; BMC 30; Boston MFA 2068–9; Gulbenkian 756. Near EF, underlying luster. Well centered. ($20,000)

224. KINGS of LYDIA. Kroisos. Circa 564/53-550/39 BC. AV Stater (16mm, 8.07 g). Light standard. Sardes mint. Confronted foreparts of lion and bull / Two incuse squares. Berk 3; Le Rider, Naissance, pl. V, 8; Traité I 401–3; SNG von Aulock 2875; BMC 31; Boston MFA 2073; Gulbenkian 757. Near EF, underlying luster. ($7500)

225. KINGS of LYDIA. Kroisos. Circa 564/53-550/39 BC. AV Sixth Stater (8.5mm, 1.78 g). Heavy standard. Sardes mint. Confronted foreparts of lion and bull / Two incuse squares. Walburg Group III; Berk 7; Traité I 400 = de Luynes 2800; SNG Ashmolean –; SNG von Aulock –; BMC –; Boston MFA –; Gulbenkian –. Superb EF, underlying luster. Rare. ($5000)

226. KINGS of LYDIA. Kroisos. Circa 564/53-550/39 BC. AV Sixth Stater (9mm, 1.33 g). Light standard. Sardes mint. Confronted foreparts of lion and bull / Two incuse squares of unequal size. Walburg Group IV; Berk 8; Traité I 406 = de Luynes 2801; BMC –; Boston MFA –. Near EF, lustrous. ($1000)

227. KINGS of LYDIA. Kroisos. Circa 564/53-550/39 BC. AV Twenty-fourth Stater (4.5mm, 0.35 g). Light standard. Sardes mint. Confronted foreparts of lion and bull / Incuse square. Berk 15; Traité –; SNG Kayhan –; CNG 97, lot 237; CNG 93, lot 407; Stack’s Bowers & Ponterio 168, lot 20445; Tkalec, 9 May 2011, lot 62. Good VF. Very rare denomination for light standard series. ($500)

228. KINGS of LYDIA. Kroisos. Circa 564/53-550/39 BC. AR Stater (19.5mm, 10.63 g). Sardes mint. Confronted foreparts of lion and bull / Two incuse squares. Berk 19; Traité I 407–8; SNG von Aulock 2873–4; SNG Lockett 2980 = Pozzi 2730; SNG Lockett 2981 = Bement 1566 = Weber 6773; Alpha Bank, Hellenic 6; BMC 37; Boston MFA 2070; Rosen 662; Zhuyuetang 12. Near EF, toned. Excellent metal for type. ($5000)

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223

224

225

226

227

228

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229. CARIA, Alabanda. Circa 173-167 BC. AR Tetradrachm (33mm, 16.79 g, 11h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Dated CY 1 (169/8 BC). Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, Pegasos left; & (date) below throne. Meadows, Alabanda, Group 3, dies A4/A49, a (this coin); Price 2460; DCA 311. EF, lightly toned, short hairline flan crack. ($400) From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 100 (7 October 2015), lot 1496; Classical Numismatic Group 78 (14 May 2008), lot 389; Spink 183 (27 September 2006), lot 596.

Four Rarities from Antioch ad Maendrum The Carian city of Antioch, located near the eastern end of the Maeander valley, was founded on the south bank of the river Maeander, where the river is joined by a major tributary, the Morsynos River, flowing north from Aphrodisias. It was a Hellenistic settlement that was founded by Antiochos I Soter (though some argument has been advanced in favor of Antiochos III), likely through a synoecism of two villages, Symmaithos and Kranaos (Pliny, NH 5.108). The location was a significant crossing point of the Common Road over the Maeander, between the important cities of Tralles, to the west, and Laodikeia on the Lykon, to the east. Given its important location, surprisingly little is known today about Antioch in the Hellenistic period; there is little mention of the city in contemporary literature and epigraphy, and the site remains unexcavated. In contrast, the city took on a much more important role in the Roman period, when it was fortified, and figured significantly in many emperors’ eastern campaigns. Its strategic location along a major trade route certainly must have enriched the city, which grew to a considerable size by the first century AD, spanning both sides of the Maeander (cf. Strabo 13.4.15). While the Roman provincial coinage at Antioch is quite sizable, the Hellenistic civic coinage is quite rare. All the civic issues date from the 2nd-1st centuries BC, and primarily consist of bronze coins, with very rare issues of silver tetradrachms and drachms. The types are fairly consistent across all denominations, with the obverse featuring the portrait of either Zeus or Apollo, with the reverse featuring a zebu bull or (very rarely) an eagle standing on a thunderbolt. Interestingly, some of the coins bear the name of a magistrate, while others do not. The silver is all traditionally dated to the 2nd century BC, and may have begun with a couple rare issues of Alexander type tetradrachms that M.J. Price (following H. Seyrig) tentatively placed there, circa 190-180 BC, but it is more likely that they are issues of Tabai (cf. Price p. 311). No Seleukid issues are currently attributed to Antioch, but there are many western issues that are unattributed from the reigns of Antiochos I through Antiochos III, so it is possible that some of these issues may actually belong to this city. Three of the four tetradrachms offered here are unique, while the fourth is the second known of a particular issue. All four are tied into the known coinage by virtue of their types, legends, and magistrates. Perhaps most interesting is the first lot, which is a stephanophoric type tetradrachm – a type previously unknown for this city. If it was struck alongside the other stephanophoroi in western Asia Minor in the mid-2nd century BC, this tetradrachm may be the earliest of the silver; it notably bears the longer legend “Of the people of Antioch by the Maeander,” rather than the usual “Of the people of Antioch” that is canonical on all other Hellenistic issues of Antioch.

Unique

230. CARIA, Antioch ad Maeandrum. Mid 2nd century BC. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 13.33 g, 12h). Stephanophoric type. Eunikos, magistrate. Bearded head of Zeus right, wearing laurel wreath / Zebu bull standing left, head facing; to left, small female figure, wearing long chiton, standing right; Å@t5ocEW@/tW@ ∏ro% tW in two lines above, ÂÅ5Å@drW[%] to right, E¨@5˚o% in exergue; all within laurel wreath. Unpublished. VF, toned, light porosity, areas of weak strike. Unique. ($5000) 62


Unpublished

231. CARIA, Antioch ad Maeandrum. Mid-late 2nd century BC. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 15.59 g, 12h). Diotrephes, magistrate. Head of Apollo right, wearing laurel wreath; bow and quiver over shoulder / Zebu bull standing left, head facing; Å@t5ocEW@ above, maeander pattern and d5otrEf˙% in exergue; all within laurel wreath. Unpublished. VF, toned, light cleaning marks and porosity. Fine style in high relief. Unique. ($10,000)

232. CARIA, Antioch ad Maeandrum. Mid-late 2nd century BC. AR Tetradrachm (19mm, 15.54 g, 1h). Diotrephes, magistrate “for the third time”. Head of Apollo right, wearing laurel wreath; bow and quiver over shoulder / Zebu bull standing left, head facing; Å@t5ocEW@ above, maeander pattern and d5otrEf˙%/to tr5to@ in two lines in exergue; all within maeander pattern border. Lanz 125, lot 328 = Gorny & Mosch 151, lot 190; otherwise unpublished. See also BMFA Supp. 188 for a drachm from this same issue. VF, toned, patches of find patina. Extremely rare, the second known tetradrachm with this magistrate “for the third time”. ($2000) The previous lot is a tetradrachm also in the name of Diotrephes, and is likely an issue from the same individual named here, but struck during his first iteration as a magistrate.

233. CARIA, Antioch ad Maeandrum. Mid-late 2nd century BC. AR Tetradrachm (25.5mm, 16.04 g, 11h). Menandros, magistrate. Head of Apollo right, wearing laurel wreath; bow and quiver over shoulder / Zebu bull standing left, head facing; Å@t5ocEW@ above, maeander pattern and ÂE@Å@dro% in exergue; all within maeander pattern border. BMC 1 var. (magistrate); Lanz 125, lot 328 = Gorny & Mosch 151, lot 190 var. (magistrate); otherwise unpublished. VF, toned, struck with worn obverse die. Unique with this magistrate. ($2000) 63


234. CARIA, Mylasa (or Kaunos). Mid 3rd century BC. AR Tetradrachm (28mm, 17.08 g, 12h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / ŬE$Å@droU, Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; labrys in left field. Price 2074 (Miletos or Mylasa); Thompson, Alexandrine, Group 3, 20; SNG Saroglos 435. Superb EF, attractively toned. A splendid and attractive example, nicely toned and sharply struck. ($7500) This coin is actually quite astounding in its monumental sculptural quality. The third century witnessed an outpouring of emotionally powerful and, as compared to the more restrained canons of the Classical period, flamboyant works of art; of which this is a perfect example. While the solid figure of Zeus on the reverse has a noble three-dimensional quality, the head of Herakles on the obverse is so filled with exuberant life that it is quite simply over the top. When this head is compared with those on lifetime Alexander issues from Macedonian mints, Babylon, and Alexandreia, the difference in emphasis and feel is obvious.

236 235 235. CARIA, Uncertain (Mylasa?). Circa 500-450 BC. AR Stater (19mm, 10.88 g). Head of lion left, foreleg below / Incuse square divided once diagonally. Traité I 915, pl. XXV, 19 = BMC Cilicia p. 90, 1 (Issos); cf. SNG Ashmolean 318 and 322–3; CNG E-387, lot 195. Good VF, lightly toned, struck with slightly rusty die, area of weak strike. Very rare. ($500) 236. ISLANDS off CARIA, Rhodos. Rhodes. Circa 250-229 BC. AR Didrachm (19mm, 6.63 g, 12h). Mnasimachos, magistrate. Radiate head of Helios facing slightly right / Rose in profile, bud to right; Â@Å%5ÂÅco% above, r-o flanking stem; to left, Athena Nikephoros standing left. Ashton 208; SNG Keckman 537; HGC 6, 1439. Near EF, lightly toned, well centered. ($500) From the D. C. Kopen Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 73 (13 September 2006), lot 374.

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237. ISLANDS off CARIA, Rhodos. Rhodes. Circa 205-190 BC. AR Tetradrachm (30.5mm, 15.49 g, 1h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Ainetor(?), magistrate. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, Z above rose; ∏o below throne. Ashton 247; Kleiner, Alexander, Series IV, unlisted obv. die; Price 2514 var. (monogram); HGC 6, 1455; O. Hoover, “Commerce (‘Pamphylia or Cilicia’ Hoard), 2000” in CH X (2010), 206 (this coin, illustrated). Near EF, toned. Rare, ten listed by Kleiner (including the three in Pella), four in CoinArchives. ($500) From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection, purchased from Jonathan Kern, 15 January 2002. Ex Uncertain Findspot, 2000 Hoard (CH X, 292).

238. ISLANDS off CARIA, Rhodos. Rhodes. Circa 205-190 BC. AR Tetradrachm (30mm, 13.91 g, 12h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Stasion, magistrate. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, %tÅ%5W@ above rose; ∏o below throne. Ashton 250; Kleiner, Alexander, Series XII, dies –/103 (unlisted obv. die); Price 2517; HGC 6, 1455. Good VF, lightly toned, minor die rust on reverse. ($500) From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 57 (4 April 2001), lot 212.

239. ISLANDS off CARIA, Rhodos. Rhodes. Circa 205-190 BC. AR Tetradrachm (30mm, 16.77 g, 12h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Teisylos, magistrate. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, tE5%U¬o% above rose; ∏o below throne. Ashton 252; Kleiner, Alexander, Series XI, unlisted obv. die; Price 2520; HGC 6, 1455. EF, slight die shift on obverse. ($500) From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 57 (4 April 2001), lot 214.

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240. LYCIA, Phaselis. Circa 218/7-186/5 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28mm, 16.62 g, 1h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Dated CY 11 (211/0 BC). Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, 5Å (date) above f. Heipp-Tamer 233 var. (V23/R– [unlisted rev. die]); Price 2849; DCA 315. Good VF, lightly toned. ($400) From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection. Ex Ponterio 102 (29 July 1999), lot 109.

241. LYCIA, Phaselis. Circa 218/7-186/5 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29.5mm, 1660 g, 12h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Dated CY 13 (209/8 BC). Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, 5˝ (date) above f. Heipp-Tamer 247–50 var. (unlisted dies); Price 2853; DCA 315. Good VF, toned, minor flan crack. ($400) From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection, purchased from Baldwin’s, 14 December 1997.

242. DYNASTS of LYCIA. Trbbenimi. Circa 390-375 BC. AR Stater (25mm, 9.82 g). Zemura (Limyra) mint. Facing lion scalp / Triskeles; small triskeles in one section, zg (ZẼ in Lycian) and t in the others; all within incuse square. Müseler –; Falghera –; Podalia 128-9 var. (same obv. die but different rev.); SNG Copenhagen Supp. –; SNG von Aulock –; Traité II 488, pl. CIV, 8 (same dies). VF, toned, a little die wear. Very rare. ($500) Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 348 (8 April 2015), lot 298.

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Exceptional Bust of Mithrapata Pedigreed to 1957

243. DYNASTS of LYCIA. Mithrapata. Circa 390-370 BC. AR Stater (25.5mm, 9.87 g, 10h). Forepart of lion right / Head of Mithrapata left; µEtR®π-®-T-® (MITHRAPATA in Lycian) around, triskeles to lower right; all within incuse square. Mildenberg, Mithrapata 3 (dies 2/2); Podalia 53 (A2/P2 – this coin); Müseler VII 66–9 (same dies); Reuter 98 (same obv. die); Falghera –; SNG Copenhagen Supp. 472 var. (arrangement of letters); SNG Ashmolean 1200 (same dies); SNG von Aulock 4237 (same dies). EF, toned. Well centered and excellent metal for issue. ($5000) Ex Leu 20 (25 April 1978), lot 143; Hess-Leu [9] (2 April 1958), lot 222; 1957 Buçak [Podalia] hoard (IGCH 1262). The portraits on coins in the later Lycian series are among the finest of the Classical period. Among the earliest to attempt depictions of their rulers on coinage, the Lycians’ first portraits in the later 5th century BC were innovative, but static, idealized forms lacking individual characterization. Over the next half-century, however, the style progressed significantly toward realism, culminating in the issues of the dynasts Mithrapata and Perikles in the early-mid 4th century BC. The coins of Mithrapata came first, depicting on their reverse the profile portrait of a man with distinctive elderly features. Through the relative chronology established in L. Mildenberg’s die study, one can even see the portrait become more aged as time progressed, reflecting the realism that had been captured in these issues. The coins of Perikles, Mithrapata’s successor, continue this trend. Interestingly, both Mithrapata and Perikles are depicted without any sort of satrapal headgear, which was always included in earlier Lycian portraits, perhaps indicating that they had declared their independence from the Persian king. Unfortunately, these astonishing developments in portraiture came to an abrupt end in Lycia when Maussollos of Caria invaded the region circa 360 BC.

245 244 244. PAMPHYLIA, Perge. Circa 221/0-189/8 BC. AR Tetradrachm (32mm, 16.90 g, 12h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Dated CY 19 (circa 203/2 BC). Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; 5Q (date) in left field. Colin Series 0, Em. 19, dies 1/1; Price 2931; DCA 314. Good VF, toned, minor die shift, light scrape on reverse. ($300) From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 67 (22 September 2004), lot 440; Classical Numismatic Group 64 (24 September 2003), lot 101.

245. PAMPHYLIA, Perge. Circa 221/0-189/8 BC. AR Tetradrachm (33mm, 16.75 g, 1h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Dated CY 25 (circa 197/6 BC). Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; ˚E (date) in left field. Colin Group O, Emission 25, dies 1/1; Price 2939; DCA 314. Good VF, toned, tiny flan flaw on obverse. ($400) From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection. Ex Noble 77 (24 November 2004), lot 3127; Tuck Pittman Collection.

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246. PAMPHYLIA, Side. Circa 460-430 BC. AR Stater (23mm, 10.70 g, 10h). Pomegranate; to upper right, forepart of lion left / Helmeted head of Athena right within incuse square. Atlan 24 (O22/A22); SNG BN 626 (same obv. die). Good VF, toned, struck with worn obverse die as usual. ($750) Ex Berk BBS 200 (18 January 2017), lot 129.

247. CILICIA, Aigeai. Circa 130/20-104 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29mm, 14.42 g, 12h). Dated CY 16 (31/0 BC). Turreted and veiled bust of Tyche right / Athena Nikephoros standing left; d5 and club to left, 5? (date) in exergue, d to lower right; all within wreath. Arnold-Biucchi, Trésor 30–8 (D3/R6); Bloesch 111; SNG France –; SNG Levante 1655; DCA 355. Good VF, toned, slight iridescence around the devices. Rare. ($500) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 93 (22 May 2013), lot 441.

248. CILICIA, Uncertain. 4th century BC. AR Trihemiobol(?) (10mm, 0.95 g, 12h). Janiform heads, the left bearded / Head of Bes. Cf. Göktürk 37 (obol); SNG BN –; cf. SNG Levante 201–2 (obols); SNG von Aulock –; cf. CNG 87, lot 598 (diobol). Good VF, toned. Apparently unpublished as a trihemiobol, none in CoinArchives. ($300)

249. KINGS of CAPPADOCIA. Ariarathes VI Epiphanes Philopator. Circa 118/7-106/5 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 16.57 g, 12h). In the name and types of Antiochos VII of Syria. Mint B. Struck circa 108/7-107/6 BC. Diademed head of Antiochos VII right / Athena Nikephoros standing left, resting hand on shield, and propping spear on her arm; to outer left, : above ™; all within wreath. Krengel & Lorber 640 (A4/P3); SC 2144.1; HGC 9, 1068. Choice EF. ($750) From the MNL Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 90 (23 May 2012), lot 647.

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Three Rare Asia Minor Fractions

250. ASIA MINOR, Uncertain. 5th century BC. AR Third Stater or Drachm (14mm, 4.33 g, 8h). Bull(?) standing left / Stag standing left, head right; palm frond to left; all within incuse square. Triton XXI, lot 515; otherwise unpublished. Near VF, find patina, heavily smoothed. Extremely rare, apparently one of two known. ($1000) Ex Numismatik Naumann 53 (7 May 2017), lot 305 (realized €4000, before cleaning). The animal on the obverse here, and on the following lot, appears to be the same creature featured on the obverse of other obscure early issues; see CNG 105, lot 393 (same denomination); CNG E-369, lot 140 and CNG E-321, lot 167 (obols); and CNG E-361, lot 748 (hemiobol). All of these coins have a similar style, and perhaps are from a single mint.

1.5:1 2:1 1.5:1 251. ASIA MINOR, Uncertain. 5th century BC. AR Sixth Stater –Hemidrachm(?) (11mm, 1.91 g). Bull(?) standing right, head reverted / Quadripartite incuse square. CNG E-277, lot 25 (same die and punch); otherwise unpublished. Good VF, toned, a little granular. Very rare. ($500)

1.5:1 2:1 1.5:1 252. ASIA MINOR, Uncertain. 5th century BC. AR Twelfth Stater – Diobol(?) (9mm, 1.16 g, 6h). Head of bull right within dotted linear square border / Gorgoneion facing within incuse square. Cf. CNG E-174, lot 59 (sixth stater – hemidrachm[?]); otherwise unpublished. VF, lightly toned, slightly granular. Extremely rare. ($300) This type is unpublished, but similar pieces are known for Abydos and Kebren in the Troad (and also possibly Gergis; see Triton XVI, lot 437), where the obverse features the civic badge of the city (the eagle at Abydos, and the ram at Kebren) and the reverse has a facing gorgoneion in an incuse square. The style of the gorgoneion here is also consistent with these other issues. If the coin is another issue from Troas, two cities stand as possibilities, Assos and Lamponeia, as both cities used a bull’s head as a civic badge on their coinage. However, the motifs here are fairly common in the 5th century BC, and both Assos and Lamponeia always depict the bull’s head as facing, not left or right, so the attribution to either is speculative.

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“Bring me the head of the Baptist” Aristobulus and Salome – Struck at the Beginning of the Jewish War

253. KINGS of ARMENIA MINOR. Aristobulus, with Salome. AD 54-92. Æ (22mm, 7.99 g, 11h). Dated RY 13 (AD 66/7). [∫å45]¬EW4 år54to∫oU¬oU Et [5˝], diademed and draped bust of Aristobulus left / ∫å45¬54-4˙4 4å¬[o]Â˙4, diademed and draped bust of Salome left. Meshorer 365 corr. (date); Hendin 1257a (same obv. die as illustration); RPC I 3840 corr. (same). Near VF, brown patina, faint old cleaning marks. Extremely rare, apparently the ninth known. ($30,000) Salome is described in the Gospels (Matthew 14 and Mark 6) only as the daughter of Herodias, who asked Herod Antipas for the head of John the Baptist in return for her daughter’s risqué dance for the king. Salome’s name is supplied by Josephus in Antiquities 18.5, where he also informs us that she grew up to marry her great-uncle Philip the Tetrarch and, after Philip’s death, her cousin Aristobulus, who is featured on the obverse of this coin and with whom Salome had three sons. Aristobulus was the son of Herod V of Chalkis and great grandson of Herod I, and was appointed king of Armenia Minor in the first year of Nero’s reign. The present issue was struck in 66/7 CE (year 13 of Aristobulus’ reign), the first year of the Jewish war and around 40 years since the execution of John the Baptist, which has been tentatively dated to some time between 25 and 29 CE. Hendin (5th ed., p. 275) suggests that Aristobulus struck this issue for propagandistic and political purposes, in the first year of the war, as a show of loyalty to Rome and his patron Nero. When RPC was published, citing three known examples of this type, the date was off the flan on two pieces and the one example with partial date had been tentatively read as date Α or Η (RPC p. 570). Frank Kovacs subsequently discovered an example with a clear date 13 (Hendin p. 275, pl. 24, same obverse die as the present coin), and Kovacs’ opinion was that other reported dates were most likely mis-readings of that date. The publication of additional specimens has since confirmed Kovacs’ opinion, and it is now clear that all coins of this type are dated year 13.

254 255 254. CYPRUS, Kition. Pumiathon. Circa 362/1-312 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 16.96 g, 1h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Struck circa 325-320 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; ‰ in left field. Zapiti & Michaelidou 19; Price 3107; Newell, Some 4. Good VF, deep iridescent tone. ($300) From the Collection of José Miguel Márquez del Prado. Ex Áureo & Calicó 295 (5 July 2017), lot 21.

255. CYPRUS, Kition. Pumiathon. Circa 362/1-312 BC. AR Tetradrachm (23mm, 17.16 g, 12h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Struck circa 325-320 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; ‰ in left field. Zapiti & Michaelidou 19; Price 3107; Newell, Some 4. Good VF, deeply toned, small nick on reverse. ($300) From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection. Ex Spink-Noble 40 (18 November 1992), lot 2568.

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256. CYPRUS, Paphos. Nikokles. Circa 325-310/09 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28.5mm, 16.60 g, 6h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Struck circa 321-320 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin, @5˚o˚¬EoUs in tiny letters in lion’s mane (only traces visible, as usual) / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; Â (monogram of Paphos) in left field, bee below throne. Zapiti & Michaelidou 14 var. (grain ear below throne); Price 3120; May, Paphos 4 (A2/P– [unlisted rev. die]); Tziambazis 11. VF, toned, a few marks, scratch on obverse. Very rare. ($500) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

257. CYPRUS, Salamis. Nikokreon. Circa 331-310 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26.5mm, 17.16 g, 1h). In the name of Philip III of Macedon, the types of Alexander III. Struck circa 323-317 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; rudder in left field. Cf. Zapiti & Michaelidou 29; Price P129; Newell, Some 13. Good VF, toned. ($300) From the Collection of José Miguel Márquez del Prado.

258. CYRRHESTICA, Bambyke–Manbog. Circa 342-331 BC. AR Twenty-fourth Shekel – Hemiobol (9.5mm, 0.40 g, 3h). Galley right; ` (A in Aramaic) above, waves below / Lion standing right; 1 (“U sign”) above; all within dotted square border. DCA 802 = CNG E-209, lot 233 var. (numeral on obverse); otherwise unpublished. VF, find patina. Extremely rare, not in the standard references for this city, and only one piece in CoinArchives. ($1000)

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Seleukid Coins – Featuring Part I of the MNL Collection

259. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos I Nikator. As satrap, 321-315 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28mm, 17.15 g, 6h). In the name of Philip III of Macedon. Babylon (II) mint. Struck circa 318/7-315 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, dÅ above .; below throne, z above strut. SC CAd43.3; Duyrat, Arados 877 = Armenak 161 (Arados mint); Price P139; HGC 9, 11 var. (unlisted issue). VF, cabinet tone. Extremely rare, only three in Pella (including the sole piece noted by Duyrat), this is the only example in CoinArchives. ($500) From the MNL Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 292 (5 December 2012), lot 194.

260. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos I Nikator. As satrap, 321-315 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 17.09 g, 5h). In the name of Philip III. Babylon (II) mint. Struck circa 318/7-315 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; long torch and z in left field; below throne, z below struts. SC CAd43.16 (formerly SC 79); Duyrat, Arados 971–5 var. (D226/R– [unlisted rev. die]; Arados mint); Price P153 corr. (monogram in circle); HGC 9, 11b. Good VF, toned. Rare. ($750) From the MNL Collection. Ex CNG Inventory 931933 (September 2012).

261. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos I Nikator. 312-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 17.15 g, 12h). Sardes mint. Struck circa 282-281 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Nikephoros seated left; in left field, 2 on shield; Ås below throne. SC 3.1; Miller & Hoover 17 (A1/P3 – this coin, illustrated); HGC 9, 16a. Good VF, attractively toned. ($1000) From the D. C. Kopen Collection. Ex Triton IX (10 January 2006), lot 990; Seleucus I Hoard (CH X, 265).

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262. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos I Nikator. 312-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 16.71 g, 6h). In the name of Alexander III of Macedon. Antigoneia or Seleukeia in Pieria mint. Struck circa 300 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Nikephoros seated left; v in left field. SC 27; Le Rider, Antioche – (A1/P3 [unlisted die combination]); Price 3191; HGC 9, 9a; Athena Fund II 433 (this coin). Near EF, lightly toned, a little off center. Very rare issue in the name of Alexander with Zeus Nikephoros. ($500) From the MNL Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 338 (5 November 2014), lot 108; Athena Fund (Sotheby’s Zurich, 27 October 1993), lot 433.

263. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos I Nikator. 312-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25.5mm, 17.07 g, 5h). Antigoneia or Seleukeia in Pieria mint. Struck circa 300 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophorus seated left; c in left field, f below throne. SC 28.1a; Le Rider, Antioche 30–1 (A2/P18); HGC 9, 9a. Good VF, toned. ($500) From the MNL Collection. Ex Apollo Numismatics Inventory 001666 (June 2010).

264. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos I Nikator. 312-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 17.14 g, 4h). Seleukeia in Pieria mint. Struck circa 300-281 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Nikephoros seated left; Ç in left field, ˚r below throne. SC 29.1b; Le Rider, Antioche 26 (A3/P12); HGC 9, 16d. Superb EF, a few light marks on obverse. ($1000) From the MNL Collection. Ex CNG Inventory 954937 (August 2013).

265. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos I Nikator. 312-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25.5mm, 17.04 g, 8h). Karrhai mint. Struck circa 310-290 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; no control marks. SC 43; HGC 9, 12a. Good VF, toned, die rust on obverse. Rare. ($500) From the MNL Collection. Ex Barry Murphy Inventory 19950 (August 2011); Triton IX (10 January 2006), lot 998; Seleucus I Hoard (CH X, 265).

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266. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos I Nikator. 312-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26.5mm, 1708 g, 1h). Uncertain mint 5. Struck before 290 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; W in left field, A below throne. SC 61b; HGC 9, 12e. Superb EF, underlying luster, off center on reverse. Well struck. ($1000) From the MNL Collection. Ex Vilmar Numismatics Inventory 10405 (December 2015).

267. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos I Nikator. 312-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 17.14 g, 11h). Uncertain mint 5A. Struck circa 282-281 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Nikephoros seated left; , in inner left field, ; in inner right. SC Ad50; HGC 9, 16e. Good VF, toned, slightly off center on reverse. Very rare. ($1000) From the MNL Collection. Ex Künker 216 (8 October 2012), lot 487 (hammer €1100); Peus 393 (31 October 2007), lot 287.

268. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos I Nikator. 312-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27.5mm, 17.11 g, 11h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Uncertain mint 6A in Babylonia. Struck circa 308-304 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; anchor and 2 in left field, ˚ below throne. SC C67.5c; Taylor Series II, 150 (A47/P10 – this coin, illustrated); Price 3439; HGC 9, 10d; SNG Spaer 71 (same obv. die). Good VF, lightly toned, test punch on edge. ($500) From the MNL Collection. Ex Heritage 3015 (7 September 2011), lot 25926.

269. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos I Nikator. 312-281 BC. AV Stater (17mm, 8.53 g, 2h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Babylon I mint. Struck circa 311-300 BC. Helmeted head of Athena right / Nike standing left, holding wreath and stylis; ü below left wing, Â5 below right wing. SC 81.1; Price 3745; HGC 9, 3a. Good VF, toned, light scrape on obverse. ($1500) 74


270. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos I Nikator. 312-281 BC. AV Stater (17.5mm, 8.59 g, 6h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Babylon I mint. Struck circa 311-300 BC. Head of Athena right, wearing single pendant earring, necklace, and triple-crested Corinthian helmet adorned with a griffin / ∫Ås5¬EWs ŬE$Å@droU, Nike standing left, holding wreath in extended right hand, cradling stylis in left arm; Â5 in left field, ü below left wing. SC 81.3 corr. (griffin, not sphinx); Price 3749 corr. (same); HGC 9, 3a. Superb EF, lustrous. ($3000)

271. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos I Nikator. 312-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24.5mm, 17.09 g, 9h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Babylon I mint. Struck circa 311-300 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; ü in left field, Â5 below throne. SC 82.5a; Price 3746; HGC 9, 10f. EF, toned, compact flan. ($400) From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection, purchased from Simon Bendall, 21 December 1992.

272. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos I Nikator. 312-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 16.80 g, 5h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Babylon I mint. Struck circa 311-300 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; ¶ in left field, Â5 below throne. SC 82.5b; Price 3747; HGC 9, 10f. EF, toned. ($750) From the MNL Collection. Ex Pars Coins Inventory KW-G2773 (January 2010).

273 274 273. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos I Nikator. 312-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 16.89 g, 2h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Babylon I mint. Struck circa 311-300 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; ü in left field, ˙ below throne. SC 82.6; Price 3704; HGC 9, 10f. Good VF, toned, test cut on obverse. ($300) From the MNL Collection. Ex Alexandre Carathéodory Pasha (1833-1906) Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 351, 20 May 2015), lot 354.

274. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos I Nikator. 312-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 17.14 g, 9h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Babylon I mint. Struck circa 300-294/3 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; ∆ in left field, ∫¬ below throne. SC 87.2; Price 3778; HGC 9, 10f. VF, toned. ($400) From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection, purchased from Classical Numismatic Group, 20 January 2006.

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275. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos I Nikator. 312-281 BC. AV Stater (19.5mm, 8.57 g, 8h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Babylon II mint. Struck circa 311-300 BC. Head of Athena right, wearing triple-crested Corinthian helmet adorned with a griffin / ŬE$Å@droU ∫Ås5¬EWs, Nike standing left, holding wreath in extended right hand, cradling stylis in left arm; upright anchor in inner left field, π below left wing, ı below right wing. SC 93.2; Price 3352; HGC 9, 3b. VF, attractively toned, a few minor edge marks. ($3000) From the MNL Collection. Ex Wolfen Family Foundation (Goldberg 72, 5 February 2013), lot 4085 (hammer $3700); Leu 15 (4 May 1976), lot 340; Hess-Leu [11] (24 March 1959), lot 286.

276. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos I Nikator. 312-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28mm, 17.19 g, 8h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Babylon II mint. Struck circa 311-300 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; anchor and å to left; π below throne. SC C94.7d; Price 3349; HGC 9, 10g. Good VF, darkly toned. ($300) From the Collection of José Miguel Márquez del Prado.

Unpublished Variety

277. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos I Nikator. 312-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 17.14 g, 8h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Babylon II mint. Struck circa 311-300 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; anchor and $ in left field, pellet-within-π below throne. SC C94.7 var. (unlisted control marks); HGC 9, 10g. Good VF, toned. Unpublished variety. ($750) From the MNL Collection. Ex Steven Battelle Inventory U00838 (October 2011). There are numerous obverse die links among the varieties of SC C94.7. A review of the published examples did not reveal a link to the present coin, but many of the dies were nearly identical in style to that used here.

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278 279 278. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos I Nikator. 312-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 17.03 g, 8h). Seleukeia on the Tigris I mint. Struck circa 300-296/5 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; @o in left field. SC 117.6a; ESM 24, dies A25/P80; HGC 9, 12i. Good VF, deeply toned. ($500) From the Collection of José Miguel Márquez del Prado. Ex Künker 236 (7 October 2013), lot 113.

279. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos I Nikator. 312-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 17.14 g, 3h). Seleukeia on the Tigris I mint. Struck circa 300-296/5 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; @o in left field. SC 117.6a; ESM 24, dies A27/P83; HGC 9, 12i. VF, toned, die breaks on reverse. ($500) From the MNL Collection, purchased from Vilmar Numismatics, 27 April 2016.

280. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos I Nikator. 312-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 17.08 g, 10h). Seleukeia on the Tigris mint II. Struck circa 296/5-281 BC. Laureate head of Zeus right / Athena, brandishing spear, shield on left arm, in quadriga of elephants right; anchor above, @…[˚] in exergue. SC 130.19 corr. (monogram); HGC 9, 18a; NFA VIII, lot 328 (same dies); CNG E-110, lot 60 (same dies). Good VF, toned, slightly off center. Bold portrait of Zeus. Extremely rare, apparently the third known of this issue. ($2000) From the MNL Collection. Ex CNG Inventory 954947 (June 2013).

281. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos I Nikator. 312-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 17.09 g, 10h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Susa mint. Struck circa 311-305 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, wreath above horned horse’s head left; below throne, d5 above strut, z below. SC 164.3; ESMS Al.3 (A2/P– [unlisted rev. die]); Price 3863; HGC 9, 10g. EF, a hint of die wear. ($750) From the MNL Collection. Ex Roma IV (30 September 2012), lot 421.

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Ex Houghton and Kern Collections

282. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos I Nikator. 312-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 17.05 g, 10h). Susa mint. Struck circa 305/4-295 BC. Head of hero (Alexander or Seleukos?) right, wearing helmet covered with panther skin and adorned with the ear and horns of a bull / ∫Ås5¬EWs %E¬EU˚oU, Nike standing right, placing wreath on trophy; ‘ to lower left, ( in lower middle field. SC 173.4; ESMS Tr.7 (A4/P1 – this coin referenced and illustrated); ESM 426; HGC 9, 20; CSE 1023 (this coin); SNG Spaer –. EF, toned. ($15,000) From the MNL Collection. Ex Jonathan K. Kern Collection; Numismatic Fine Arts XXVI (14 August 1991), lot 96; Numismatic Fine Arts XVIII (31 March 1987), lot 276; Arthur Houghton Collection, 1023. There is much debate concerning the identity of the hero on the obverse of this type. The most common suggestions are Alexander the Great, Seleukos, or a personification of Dionysos. See O.D. Hoover, “The Identity of the Helmeted Head on the ‘Victory’ Coinage of Susa,” SNR 81 (2002), for the most recent treatment of this debate.

283. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos I Nikator. 312-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 17.04 g, 7h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Ekbatana mint. Struck circa 311-295/81 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, é above horizontal anchor above forepart of horse grazing left, sW below throne. SC 202.11a; Price 3928; HGC 9, 9e. Choice EF. Well centered on a broad flan, and of attractive style. ($2000) From the MNL Collection. Ex Gemini VIII (with Heritage Auctions, 14 April 2011), lot 34 (hammer $3250).

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284. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos I Nikator. 312-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 16.99 g, 3h). In the types of Alexander III of Macedon. Ekbatana mint. Struck circa 311-295/81 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, é and $ above horizontal anchor above forepart of horse grazing left, sW below throne. SC 202.11b var. (second monogram); Price 3931 var. (same); HGC 9, 9e; CNG 72, lot 926 (same dies). EF, attractively toned. Unpublished variety. ($1000) From the MNL Collection, purchased from Derek Warden, 10 January 2013.

285. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos I Nikator. 312-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 17.10 g, 6h). Ekbatana mint. Struck circa 295-281 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, ò above horizontal anchor above forepart of horse grazing left, sW below throne. SC 204.1c corr. (monogram); HGC 9, 12k. VF, toned. ($750) From the MNL Collection, purchased from Vilmar Numismatics, 11 October 2015. Ex Alexandre Carathéodory Pasha (1833-1906) Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 351, 20 May 2015), lot 357.

SC Plate Coin

286. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos I Nikator. 312-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27.5mm, 17.14 g, 5h). Ekbatana mint. Struck circa 295-281 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, d above horizontal anchor above forepart of horse grazing left, c below throne. SC 204.3 (this coin illustrated); HGC 9, 12k. Good VF, toned, a few minor deposits. ($1000) From the MNL Collection. Ex Münzen und Medaillen AG 54 (26 October 1978), lot 354; Numismatic Fine Arts [XIX] (18 December 1987), lot 410.

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287. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos I Soter. Joint reign with Seleukos I, 294-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28.5mm, 16.95 g, 6h). In the types of Alexander III of Macedon. Seleukeia on the Tigris I mint. Struck circa 296/5-281 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Nikephoros seated left; in left field, retrograde HP monogram(?) above ΠO. Cf. SC 120.1a (same obv. die as illustration); HGC 9, 17. VF, struck with worn obverse die. Unpublished variety with these control marks. Extremely rare. ($1000) From the MNL Collection, purchased from Vilmar Numismatics, 1 March 2016. Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 367 (27 January 2016), lot 250.

From the Balkan Area Hoard

288. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos I Soter. Joint reign with Seleukos I, 294-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28mm, 16.34 g, 9h). In the types of Alexander III of Macedon. Seleukeia on the Tigris I mint. Struck circa 296/5-281 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Nikephoros seated left; ˙ in left field; r below throne. SC 120.6a; HGC 9, 17; U. Wartenberg & J.H. Kagan, “Some comments on a new hoard from the Balkan area,” Travaux Le Rider, p. 399, 90 (this coin, illustrated). VF, toned, test cuts and countermark on obverse. Rare. ($750) From the MNL Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 305 (26 June 2013), lot 156; 1990s Balkan Area Hoard (CH IX, 196).

289. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos I Soter. 281-261 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28.5mm, 17.28 g, 12h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Pergamon mint. Struck under Philetairos, circa 280 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophorus seated left; in left field, helmeted head of Athena right; crescent below throne. SC 307.2 var. (star below throne; same obv. die as illustration); cf. Price 1470; HGC 9, 123; Black Sea Hoard 334 (same dies). Good VF, toned. Extremely rare, only the Black Sea Hoard piece published (= CNG E-392, lot 326). ($500) From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection. Ex Noble 87 (8 April 2008), lot 4211; Gorny & Mosch 129 (8 March 2004), lot 143.

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290 291 290. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos I Soter. 281-261 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29.5mm, 17.12 g, 12h). In the name of Seleukos I, types of Alexander III of Macedon. Pergamon mint. Struck under Philetairos, circa 280 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophorus seated left; in left field, helmeted head of Athena right; crescent below throne. SC 308b; HGC 9, 125a. VF, toned, a couple light scrapes. Well centered on a broad flan. ($500) From the MNL Collection, purchased from Pars Coins, 31 March 2014.

291. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos I Soter. 281-261 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27.5mm, 16.88 g, 12h). In the name of Seleukos I, types of Alexander III of Macedon. Pergamon mint. Struck under Philetairos, circa 280 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophorus seated left; in left field, helmeted head of Athena right; oval below throne. SC 308d; HGC 9, 125a. Good VF, toned, slight porosity. Rare. ($1000) From the MNL Collection. Ex Apollo Numismatics Inventory 0010937 (November 2010).

292. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos I Soter. 281-261 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28.5mm, 16.89 g, 11h). Smyrna mint. Diademed head right / Apollo Delphios, testing three arrows and placing hand on grounded bow, seated left on omphalos; to inner left, anchor above ‘; ∞ to inner right. SC 311.1 var. (two arrows); HGC 9, 128a. Good VF, deeply toned. Rare. ($750) Rare mint From the MNL Collection. Ex Roma E-Sale 37 (24 June 2017), lot 235 (hammer £900).

293. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos I Soter. 281-261 BC. Æ (18mm, 5.67 g, 12h). Smyrna or Sardes mint. Helmeted head of Athena facing / Nike standing left, holding wreath and palm frond; & to outer left, 6 in wreath below right wing. SC 314c; HGC 9, 145. Good VF, attractive dark green patina. ($500) From the MNL Collection. Ex Numismatik Naumann 45 (3 July 2016), lot 292.

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From the Balkan Area Hoard

294. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos I Soter. 281-261 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28mm, 17.04 g, 12h). Sardes mint. Struck circa 276-274/1 BC. Diademed and horned head of Seleukos I right / Apollo Delphios, testing bow, seated left on omphalos; 6 to inner left (cut over previous monogram in die), *(?) in exergue. SC 323.2a var. (monogram in exergue); HGC 9, 130; Wartenberg & Kagan, “Some comments on a new hoard from the Balkan area” in Travaux LeRider, p. 399, 88 (this coin, illustrated). VF, toned, test cut on obverse. Unpublished variety. ($2000) From the MNL Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 300 (10 April 2013), lot 74; 1990s Balkan Area Hoard (CH IX, 196). While the exergue monogram is not completely clear, enough is visible to ensure that it is not the same as the recorded control mark.

295. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos I Soter. 281-261 BC. AR Tetradrachm (30mm, 16.60 g, 1h). Uncertain mint in Cilicia, northern Syria, or northern Mesopotamia. Diademed head right / Apollo Delphios, testing arrow and placing hand on grounded bow, seated left on omphalos; ˚ on omphalos, ™ in exergue. SC 360; HGC 9, 128f. Near EF, toned. High relief portrait. Very rare, only two in CoinArchives. ($1000) From the MNL Collection, purchased from Ancient Delights, 12 December 2014.

296. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos I Soter. 281-261 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28.5mm, 17.18 g, 5h). Seleukeia on the Tigris mint. Diademed head right / Apollo Delphios, testing arrow and placing hand on grounded bow, seated left on omphalos; , to outer left, A to outer right. SC 379.1; HGC 9, 128g. Near EF, lightly toned. High relief. ($1000) From the MNL Collection, purchased from Baldwin’s. Ex Andre Constantine Dimitriadis Collection (Heritage 3035, 3 September 2014), lot 23293; Coin Galleries (15 April 1992), lot 227.

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297. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos I Soter. 281-261 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29mm, 16.84 g, 1h). Seleukeia on the Tigris mint. Diademed head right / ∫Å%5¬EW% Å@t5ocoU, Apollo Delphios, testing arrow held in right hand, left hand resting on grounded bow to right, seated left on omphalos; A to outer right, Û in exergue. SC 379.2; HGC 9, 128g. EF, deeply toned. High relief and an attractive portrait. ($5000) From the MNL Collection. Ex New York Sale XXX (9 January 2013), lot 174; Numismatic Fine Arts X (17 September 1981), lot 219.

298 299 298. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos I Soter. 281-261 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28.5mm, 17.07 g, 10h). Seleukeia on the Tigris mint. Diademed head right / Apollo Delphios, testing arrow and placing hand on grounded bow, seated left on omphalos; Û to outer left, A to outer right. SC 379.3a; HGC 9, 128g. Good VF. High relief portrait. ($500) 299. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos I Soter. 281-261 BC. AR Tetradrachm (30.5mm, 16.92 g, 3h). Seleukeia on the Tigris mint. Diademed head right / Apollo Delphios, testing arrow and placing hand on grounded bow, seated left on omphalos; Û to outer left, ° to outer right. SC 379.3c; HGC 9, 128g. Good VF, toned, small area of roughness at edge on reverse. High relief portrait. ($500) From the Collection of José Miguel Márquez del Prado. Ex Áureo & Calicó 293 (24 May 2017), lot 2041.

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SC Plate Coin – Ex Kern Collection

300. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos I Soter. 281-261 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28.5mm, 17.13 g, 5h). Seleukeia on the Tigris mint. Diademed head right / ∫Å%5¬EW% Å@t5ocoU, Apollo Delphios, testing arrow held in right hand, left hand resting on grounded bow to right, seated left on omphalos; ° to outer left, ¢ to outer right. SC 379.6a (this coin illustrated); HGC 9, 128g. EF, deep cabinet tone. High relief and well centered on a broad flan. ($3000) From the MNL Collection. Ex Jonathan K. Kern Collection; Numismatic Fine Arts XX (9 March 1988), lot 759.

301. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos II Theos. 261-246 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29mm, 16.84 g, 12h). Lampsakos mint. Diademed head of Antiochos I right / Apollo Delphios, testing arrow and placing hand on grounded bow, seated left on omphalos; 5s to outer left, ™ in exergue. SC 485a; HGC 9, 236b. EF, even gray tone. Rare. ($1500) From the MNL Collection. Ex Freeman & Sear Inventory G9678 (September 2010); Manhattan Sale I (5 January 2010), lot 90.

302. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos II Theos. 261-246 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29mm, 16.76 g, 12h). Ephesos mint(?). Diademed head right / Apollo Delphios, legs draped, testing arrow and placing hand on grounded bow, seated left on omphalos; , to outer left. SC 543.3; HGC 9, 239. VF, toned, double struck. Very rare. ($300) From the MNL Collection. Ex Aegean Numismatics Inventory 111427 (November 2014).

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303. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos II Theos. 261-246 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29mm, 16.87 g, 12h). Ephesos or Miletos mint. Diademed head right / Apollo Delphios, legs draped, testing bow, seated left on omphalos; A to outer left. SC 547.1; HGC 9, 239. Good VF, dark find patina. Very rare. Dies of fine style. ($750) From the MNL Collection. Ex Pecunem/Gitbud & Naumann 24 (2 November 2014), lot 240.

304. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos II Theos. 261-246 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29mm, 17.06 g, 12h). Bargylia mint(?). Diademed head right / Apollo Delphios, testing arrow and placing hand on grounded bow, seated left on omphalos; statue of Artemis Kyndyas to outer left, [monogram in exergue]. SC 549; F. Delrieux, “La statue d’Artemis sans bras sur les alexandres et les monnaies séleucides de Carie” in SNR 77 (1998), 1 var. (D1/R– [unlisted rev. die]); HGC 9, 238l. Near EF, lightly toned. Extremely rare. ($2000) From the MNL Collection. Ex Gemini XII (11 January 2015), lot 182; Classical Numismatic Group 61 (25 September 2002), lot 809.

305. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos II Theos. 261-246 BC. AR Tetradrachm (30mm, 17.01 g, 3h). In the name of Seleukos I, types of Alexander III of Macedon. Laodikea ad Mare mint. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, dolphin left above Î; - below throne. SC 576.1 var. (monogram below dolphin); Houghton, Early, unlisted obv. die; HGC 9, 235. Good VF, toned. Rare. ($750) From the MNL Collection. Ex CNG Inventory 995772 (January 2015); Elwood Rafn Collection. Although this variety is unlisted in SC, the monogram below the dolphin does appear on SC 576.6.

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306. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos II Theos. 261-246 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27.5mm, 17.07 g, 10h). Uncertain mint 30, in northern Mesopotamia(?). Diademed head right / Apollo Delphios, testing arrow and placing hand on grounded bow, seated left on omphalos; É to outer left, Â to outer right. SC 580.2a; Le Rider, Antioche, Annexe 4, Group 1, – (dies A2/P– [obv. die unlisted for this issue, unlisted rev. die]); HGC 9, 238r. EF, lightly toned, underlying luster. Rare. ($750) From the MNL Collection. Ex Vilmar Numismatics Inventory 5048 (11 January 2013).

307. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos II Kallinikos. 246-225 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29mm, 16.82 g, 12h). Teos or Ephesos mint. Diademed head right / Apollo Delphios, testing arrow, standing left, leaning on tripod to right; palm frond to inner left. SC 644.2; HGC 9, 303j. VF, deeply toned. Well centered. ($500) From the MNL Collection. Ex Tannenbaum Collection (Roma E-Sale 1, 31 August 2013), lot 275. For an updated discussion on the mint for this issue, see SC Part II, Volume I, p. 658, Ad137 note.

308. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos II Kallinikos. 246-225 BC. AR Tetradrachm (30mm, 16.97 g, 6h). Magnesia under Mt. Sipylos mint (or uncertain mint in Syria). Diademed head right / Apollo Delphios, testing arrow, standing left, leaning on tripod to right; % to outer left. SC 651.2 var. (monogram); HGC 9, 303f. Good VF, lightly toned. ($500) From the MNL Collection, purchased from Klassische-Münzen, 23 December 2010.

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309. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos II Kallinikos. 246-225 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28mm, 16.75 g, 1h). Antioch on the Orontes mint. Diademed head right / Apollo Delphios, testing arrow, standing left, leaning on tripod to right; M to inner left, π to outer right. SC 689.1a; Le Rider, Antioche 1–11 var. (A1/P– [unlisted rev. die]); HGC 9, 303p. EF, toned, a couple minor die breaks. ($1500) From the MNL Collection. Ex John Jencek Inventory T1049 (June 2010).

310 311 310. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos II Kallinikos. 246-225 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28mm, 16.72 g, 11h). Uncertain mint 40, in Commagene or western Mesopotamia. Diademed head right / Apollo Delphios, testing arrow, standing left, leaning on tripod to right; [Ï to outer right]. SC C727.2; WSM 1646 (same dies as illustration); HGC 9, 303p. Good VF, die break on obverse. Very rare. ($500) From the MNL Collection, purchased from Klassische-Münzen, 23 December 2010. Reportedly ex 2002 Uncertain Findspot (“Seleucus III”) hoard (CH X, 272). Struck from the same obverse die as the following lot. This obverse die was used for many of the varieties of SC C727.

311. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos II Kallinikos. 246-225 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29mm, 16.91 g, 12h). Uncertain mint 40, in Commagene or western Mesopotamia. Diademed head right / Apollo Delphios, testing arrow, standing left, leaning on tripod to right; C to inner left. SC C727.4; HGC 9, 303p. VF, toned, a few minor metal flaws, die break on obverse. Rare. ($500) From the MNL Collection, purchased from Klassische-Münzen, 23 December 2010. Struck from the same obverse die as the previous lot.

Rare Bearded Portrait of Seleukos II

312. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos II Kallinikos. 246-225 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28.5mm, 16.54 g, 1h). Nisibis mint. Diademed head right, with short beard / Apollo Delphios, testing arrow, standing left, leaning on tripod to right; [˚ to outer left], J to outer right. SC 749.3b; HGC 9, 304b; G. Hirsch 296, lot 1917 (same rev. die). Good VF, lightly toned, areas of slight roughness, off center on reverse, overstruck on uncertain type (traces of undertype in field on obverse). Rare bearded portrait issue. ($2000) From the MNL Collection, purchased from Hadrien Rambach, 16 August 2016, who acquired it from Malcolm Hay.

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313. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos II Kallinikos. 246-225 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28mm, 16.59 g, 5h). Seleukeia on the Tigris mint. Diademed head right / Apollo Delphios, testing arrow, standing left, leaning on tripod to right; _ to inner left, Ç to outer right. SC 764.1 corr. (inner left monogram); Miller Series II, Group 4, 39–41 (obv. die A10); HGC 9, 303jj. Good VF, toned, a few metal flaws. ($1000) From the MNL Collection. Ex Berk BBS 175 (7 July 2011), lot 160.

314. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos Hierax. Circa 242-227 BC. AR Tetradrachm (30.5mm, 16.78 g, 12h). Abydos mint. Diademed head of Antiochos I right / Apollo Delphios, testing arrow and placing hand on grounded bow, seated left on omphalos; long torch to inner left; in exergue, j and eagle standing left. SC 840.1; Houghton, Lampsacus, Series I, Group A, dies A2/P2; HGC 9, 399b. VF, lightly toned, slight roughness, small dig on reverse. Rare. ($500) From the MNL Collection.

315. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos Hierax. Circa 242-227 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28.5mm, 17.04 g, 11h). Lampsakos mint. Diademed head of young king (Hierax?) right / Apollo Delphios, testing arrow and placing hand on grounded bow, seated left on omphalos; long torch to inner left; in exergue, Pegasos forepart left and q. SC 851.2; Houghton, Lampsacus, Series 3, Group A, dies A8/P– (unlisted rev. die); HGC 9, 403c. Good VF, toned. Rare. ($1000) Ex Gemini XI (12 January 2014), lot 231.

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316. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos Hierax. Circa 242-227 BC. AR Tetradrachm (31mm, 16.88 g, 1h). Lampsakos mint. Diademed and draped bust of Antiochos II right / Apollo Delphios, testing arrow and placing hand on grounded bow, seated left on omphalos; long torch to inner left; tripod in exergue. SC 855.1; Houghton, Lampsacus, Series 6, Group B, dies A15/P38; HGC 9, 401 (same dies as illustration); CSE 655 (same dies). Good VF, toned, a couple light marks. Very rare. ($750) From the MNL Collection. Ex Bolaffi 319 (1 December 2011), lot 55.

317. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos III Soter (Keraunos). 225/4-222 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 17.02 g, 12h). Antioch on the Orontes mint. Diademed head right / Apollo Delphios, testing arrow and placing hand on grounded bow, seated left on omphalos; [∑ to outer left], © to outer right. SC 921.1; Le Rider, Antioche 8–9 (A1/P5); HGC 9, 414c. EF, underlying luster. ($1000) From the MNL Collection. Ex Apollo Numismatics Inventory X1135 (November 2009).

318. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos III ‘the Great’. 222-187 BC. AR Tetradrachm (30.5mm, 17.10 g, 12h). Tarsos mint. Struck circa 223-211 BC. Diademed head right, with youthful features / Apollo Delphios, testing arrow and placing hand on grounded bow, seated left on omphalos; Ò to outer left, ^ to outer right. SC 1025a; HGC 9, 447r. Near EF, toned, slightly weak strike. Struck on a broad flan. ($1000) From the MNL Collection, purchased from Pars Coins.

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319. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos III ‘the Great’. 222-187 BC. AR Tetradrachm (33.5mm, 17.07 g, 1h). Antioch on the Orontes mint. Struck circa 223-211/0 BC. Diademed head right, with youthful features / Apollo Delphios, testing arrow and placing hand on grounded bow, seated left on omphalos; to outer left, ∑ above Ã. SC 1042.3b; Le Rider, Antioche, Series 1, 180 (A11/P121); HGC 9, 447u. Near EF, toned. High relief portrait. ($1000) From the MNL Collection, purchased from Pars Coins, 13 December 2013.

320. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos III ‘the Great’. 222-187 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29mm, 17.07 g, 12h). Antioch on the Orontes mint. Struck circa 197-187 BC. Diademed head right, with middle-aged features / ∫Å%5¬EW% Å@t5o-coU, Apollo Delphios seated left on omphalos, testing arrow in his right hand, left hand on bow set on ground to right; no control marks. SC 1045.5; Le Rider, Antioche, Series 4, 279 (A31/P206); HGC 9, 447u; SNG Spaer 552 (same dies). Choice EF, toned. Fine style. ($3000) From the MNL Collection, purchased from Atlas Numismatics, 4 August 2014. Ex Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

321. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos III ‘the Great’. 223-187 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28.5mm, 16.77 g, 12h). ΔI mint in Syria. Struck circa 197-187 BC. Diademed head right, with older features / Apollo Delphios, testing arrow and placing hand on grounded bow, seated left on omphalos; d5 in exergue. SC 1112; HGC 9, 447y. Near EF, lightly toned. ($1000) From the MNL Collection. Ex H. Grün 64 (20 November 2014), lot 1390.

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322. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos IV Philopator. 187-175 BC. Æ (15mm, 4.36 g, 12h). Veiled and draped bust of Laodike IV right / Head of elephant left; tripod to right. SC 1318.4; HGC 9, 592. EF, hard earthen black patina. Exceptional for issue. ($300) From the MNL Collection, purchased from Pars Coins, 14 August 2015. Ex Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

323. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos IV Philopator. 187-175 BC. AR Tetradrachm (30mm, 16.58 g, 12h). Ptolemaïs (Ake) mint. Struck circa 180-175 BC. Diademed head right / ∫Ås5¬EWs %E-¬EU˚oU, Apollo Delphios, testing arrow held in right hand, left hand resting on grounded bow to right, seated left on omphalos; palm frond to outer left, J to inner left, 5Å in exergue. SC 1331a; Le Rider, Séleucos 85 (D1/R3 – this coin, illustrated); HGC 9, 580h. Good VF, toned. ($3000) From the MNL Collection. Ex Patrick H. C. Tan Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 97, 17 September 2014), lot 290; Classical Numismatic Group 93 (22 May 2013), lot 499; Classical Numismatic Group 85 (15 September 2010), lot 489; Lebanon, 1989 Hoard (CH IX, 507 corr. = SC II App. 3, p. 102).

Confirming an Implied Issue

324. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos IV Philopator. 187-175 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27.5mm, 17.10 g, 1h). ICIΔ mint, in Mesopotamia or Media. Diademed head right / Apollo Delphios, testing arrow and resting hand on bow, seated left on omphalos; kausia(?) behind head, 515d in tiny letters within bow, A in exergue. SC 1333.4 var. (unlisted variety); HGC 9, 580i; CSE 1314 var. (same dies, but this monogram erased, and new control monogram added to die). Good VF. High relief portrait. Unique example with these control marks, from a very rare mint (it is the only coin of this mint in CoinArchives). ($750) From the MNL Collection. Ex G. Hirsch 314 (23 September 2015), lot 2559. Although this issue is not represented in SC, it is implied by SC 1333.4, where the original control mark was erased in the die, and moved to a horizontal position on the outer left. It is struck from the same dies as CSE 1314, which is the reference coin for SC 1334, but in its previous die state, with the original control mark.

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325. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos IV Epiphanes. 175-164 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28.5mm, 17.21 g, 1h). Antioch on the Orontes mint. Series 1, 175-circa 173/2 BC. Diademed head right / Apollo Delphios, testing arrow and resting hand on bow, seated left on omphalos; kithara to outer left, : in exergue. SC 1395.2b; Le Rider, Antioche 19–31 (obv. die A3); HGC 9, 615d. VF, deeply toned. ($500) From the MNL Collection. Ex Jencek Historical Enterprise Inventory Y02763 (March 2013); Wayte Raymond (1886-1956) inventory.

326. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos IV Epiphanes. 175-164 BC. AR Tetradrachm (31.5mm, 16.67 g, 1h). Antioch on the Orontes mint. Series 2, circa 173/2-169/8 BC. Diademed head right / Zeus Nikephoros seated left on throne showing both uprights; no control marks. SC 1396c; Le Rider, Antioche 102–3 (A10/P69); HGC 9, 619. VF, toned. ($500) From the MNL Collection, purchased from Amphora Coins, 10 December 2010.

327. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos IV Epiphanes. 175-164 BC. AR Tetradrachm (32mm, 16.35 g, 1h). Antioch on the Orontes mint. Series 3, circa 168-164 BC. Diademed head right / Zeus Nikephoros seated left; ∫ to outer left. SC 1400d; Le Rider, Antioche 433 (A41/P303 – this coin); HGC 9, 620a. Near EF, deeply toned. ($1000) From the MNL Collection. Ex New York Sale XXIII (6 January 2010), lot 43; Numismatica Ars Classica 1 (29 March 1989), lot 240; Girardi FPL 96, no. 6; 1980 Ma’Aret en-Num’an Hoard (CH VI, 37; CH VII, 98; CH IX, 511).

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328. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos IV Epiphanes. 175-164 BC. AR Drachm (20.5mm, 4.09 g, 12h). Antioch on the Orontes mint. Series 2, circa 173/2-169/8 BC. Diademed head right / Apollo Delphios, testing arrow and resting hand on bow, seated left on omphalos; no control marks. SC 1403; Le Rider, Antioche 18 corr. (A3/P13 – this coin, illustrated); HGC 9, 626. EF, toned. Good metal for issue. Rare. ($500) From the MNL Collection. Ex Hess-Divo 328 (22 May 2015), lot 68; Leu 53 (21 October 1991), lot 130; Peus 314 (30 October 1985), lot 150; Schweizerische Kreditanstalt 2 (27 April 1984), lot 7. In his die study of the Antioch mint, Le Rider thought that this coin may have been struck by obverse die A2, but retouched, or a new die, A3. He must not have seen the coin in hand, as comparing it to examples of A2 reveals that it cannot possibly be from A2. It must be from a new die, A3.

329. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos IV Epiphanes. 175-164 BC. Æ (33mm, 36.95 g, 1h). “Egyptianizing” series. Antioch on the Orontes mint. Struck 169-168 BC. Laureate head of Zeus-Serapis right, wearing tainia with Osiris cap at tip / Eagle standing right on thunderbolt. SC 1413; HGC 9, 643. Good VF, attractive even dark green patina. ($500) From the MNL Collection, purchased from Daniel Wolf, 13 December 2013.

330. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos IV Epiphanes. 175-164 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 16.89 g, 1h). Antioch in Persis mint. Diademed head right / Apollo Delphios, testing arrow and resting hand on bow, seated left on omphalos; [∫]Å to outer left, + to outer right. SC 1526.1; HGC 9, 615l. Good VF, light porosity. Very rare. ($500) From the MNL Collection, purchased from Frank Kovacs, 3 June 2017.

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331. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos IV Epiphanes. 175-164 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 16.81 g, 10h). Antioch in Persis mint. Diademed head right / Apollo Delphios seated left on omphalos, testing arrow, hand on bow; J to outer left, L in exergue. SC 1526.4a (same dies as illustration); HGC 9, 615l; CSE 1063 (same dies). Good VF, toned, light deposits on reverse. Impressive high relief portrait. Very rare. ($2000) From the MNL Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 87 (18 May 2011), lot 624.

332. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Demetrios I Soter. 162-150 BC. AR Tetradrachm (31mm, 16.64 g, 1h). Antioch on the Orontes mint. Undated issue, struck 162-155/4 BC. Diademed head right, with light beard, within laurel wreath / Tyche, fully clothed, holding scepter and cornucopia, seated left on throne supported by tritoness right; ∫ to outer left. SC 1637.1a; SMA –; HGC 9, 796. Near EF, lightly toned. ($1500) From the MNL Collection. Ex 51 Gallery (13 November 2015), lot 89; Elsen 80 (12 June 2004), lot 274.

333. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Demetrios I Soter. 162-150 BC. AR Tetradrachm (31.5mm, 16.77 g, 1h). Antioch on the Orontes mint. Undated issue, struck 162-155/4 BC. Diademed, clean-shaven head right within laurel wreath / Tyche, fully clothed, holding scepter and cornucopia, seated left on throne supported by tritoness right; , to outer left. SC 1638.1b; SMA 82 and 88; HGC 9, 795f. EF, toned, slightly off center on reverse. ($2000) From the MNL Collection. Ex ArtCoins Roma 3 (31 May 2011), lot 108.

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334. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Demetrios I Soter. 162-150 BC. AR Tetradrachm (13.6mm, 16.93 g, 12h). Antioch on the Orontes mint. Dated SE 158 (155/4 BC). Diademed head right within wreath / Tyche, holding scepter and cornucopia, seated left on throne supported by tritoness right; to outer left, √ above ,; ˙@r (date) in exergue. SC 1641.3b; SMA 104; HGC 9, 798; DCA 109. Near EF, lightly toned. ($500) From the MNL Collection, purchased from Brian Kritt, 13 January 2017.

335. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Alexander I Balas. 152-145 BC. AR Tetradrachm (30.5mm, 16.09 g, 1h). Antioch on the Orontes mint. Dated SE 164 (149/8 BC). Diademed head right / Zeus Nikephoros enthroned left; î to inner left, d$r (date) and 8 in exergue. SC 1782.3d; SMA 145; HGC 9, 875a; DCA 118. EF, toned, a couple minor die breaks on obverse. ($1000) From the MNL Collection, purchased from D. F. Grotjohann, 23 April 2010.

336. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Alexander I Balas. 152-145 BC. AR Drachm (19.5mm, 4.14 g, 1h). Antioch on the Orontes mint. Undated issue, struck 147/6 BC. Diademed head right / Apollo Delphios, testing arrow and resting hand on bow, seated left on omphalos; Ú and % in exergue. SC 1785.13a; SMA –; HGC 9, 887a. Near EF, lightly toned, slight die wear. ($500) From the MNL Collection, purchased from Pars Coins, 31 March 2014.

95


337. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Alexander I Balas. 152-145 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28mm, 16.95 g, 2h). Susa mint. Diademed head right / Apollo Delphios, testing arrow and resting hand on bow, seated left on omphalos; ] to outer left, • in exergue. SC 1867.4 corr. (exergue monogram); HGC 9, 872; CSE 1080 (same dies). EF, toned. ($1000) From the MNL Collection, purchased from Numisantique, 30 April 2010. Ex Schweizerischer Bankverein 33 (20 September 1993), lot 369; Leu 18 (5 May 1977), lot 248.

338. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Posthumous Issues of Antiochos IV. 151/0 and 146/5 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27.5mm, 16.43 g, 12h). Antioch on the Orontes mint. Dated SE 167 (146/5 BC). Diademed head right / Zeus Nikephoros seated left; ZEr (date) and = in exergue. SC 1885.5c; Mørkholm, Posthumous – (but obv. die A1); HGC 9, 744; DCA 97; CSE 210 (same obv. die). EF, attractively toned. Rare. ($750) From the MNL Collection. Ex Jencek Historical Enterprise Inventory Y04011 (November 2012); Wayte Raymond (1886-1956) inventory.

339. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Demetrios II Nikator. First reign, 146-138 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29.5mm, 16.01 g, 1h). Antioch on the Orontes mint. Dated SE 168 (145/4 BC). Diademed head right within laurel wreath / Apollo Delphios, testing arrow and resting hand on bow, seated left on omphalos; palm frond to outer left, , to inner left, = between legs, ˙$r (date) in exergue. SC 1907.1e; SMA 209a; HGC 9, 957d; DCA 146. EF, deeply toned. ($2000) From the MNL Collection. Ex Atlas Numismatics Inventory 1016579 (August 2014); Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

96


340. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Demetrios II Nikator. First reign, 146-138 BC. AR Drachm (15.5mm, 4.18 g, 12h). Seleukeia in Pieria mint. Diademed head right / Anchor, flukes upward; lotus flower to inner left. SC 1927.1; HGC 9, 982. EF, toned. Excellent metal for issue. Rare. ($1500) From the MNL Collection, purchased from Dominique Thirion, 11 October 2014.

341 342 341. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Demetrios II Nikator. First reign, 146-138 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29.5mm, 12.73 g, 1h). Phoenician standard. Laodikeia in Phoenicia (Berytos) mint. Dated SE 168 (145/4 BC). Diademed and draped bust right / Eagle standing left on prow left; palm frond over far shoulder; to left, € above *; to right, ˙$r (date) above trident. SC 1952.2 var. (lower left monogram); Rouvier 455 var. (same); HGC 9, 968; DCA 151. VF, toned, porous. Apparently unique variety. ($300) From the MNL Collection, purchased from Shick Coins, 19 May 2014.

342. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Demetrios II Nikator. First reign, 146-138 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 14.27 g, 1h). Phoenician standard. Sidon mint. Dated SE 168 (145/4 BC). Diademed and draped bust right / Eagle standing left; palm frond over far shoulder; to left, ˙$r (date) above w; to right, s5dW above aphlaston. SC 1954.2b; Rouvier 1237; HGC 9, 969; DCA 152. Good VF, toned, struck from slightly worn obverse die. ($500) From the MNL Collection. Ex Patrick H.C. Tan Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 84, 5 May 2010), lot 693.

343

344

343. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Demetrios II Nikator. First reign, 146-138 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28mm, 13.60 g, 12h). Phoenician standard. Tyre mint. Dated SE 167 (146/5 BC). Diademed and draped bust right / Eagle standing left on prow left; palm frond over far shoulder; to left, club surmounted by i; to right, z$r (date) above >. SC 1959.1b; Rouvier 1873; HGC 9, 970; DCA 153. Good VF, deeply toned, traces of find patina, minor flaw in field on obverse. ($500) From the MNL Collection, purchased from Eukratides Numismatics, 22 July 2010.

344. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Demetrios II Nikator. First reign, 146-138 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28.5mm, 16.38 g, 1h). Seleukeia on the Tigris mint. Struck circa 145-July 141 BC. Diademed head right within fillet border / Tyche, holding scepter and cornucopia, seated left on throne supported by tritoness right; ‘ in exergue. SC 1984.1; HGC 9, 967. Near EF, deeply toned, minor lamination on obverse. ($500) From the MNL Collection. Ex Jencek Historical Enterprise Inventory Y04017 (November 2012); Numismatic Fine Arts [XIX] (18 December 1987), lot 440; Numismatic Fine Arts XI (8 December 1982), lot 228; Hess-Leu 36 (17 April 1968), lot 327.

97


345. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos VI Dionysos. 144-142 BC. AR Drachm (19mm, 4.23 g, 1h). Antioch on the Orontes mint. Dated SE 169 (144/3 BC). Radiate and diademed head right / Apollo Delphios, testing arrow and resting hand on bow, seated left on omphalos; – between legs, Q$r (date) and %tÅ in exergue. SC 2002.1c; SMA 237 var. (monogram); HGC 9, 1036a; DCA 182. EF, attractive iridescent cabinet tone. ($1000) From the MNL Collection. Ex Pierre Arnaud Collection (Hess-Divo 307, 8 June 2007), lot 1320; Münzen und Medaillen AG FPL 438 (November 1981), no. 14.

SC and Die Study Plate Coin

346. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos VII Euergetes (Sidetes). 138-129 BC. AR Tetradrachm (32mm, 16.49 g, 2h). Antioch on the Orontes mint. Diademed head right / Athena Nikephoros standing left, resting hand on shield, and propping spear on her arm; to outer left, : above 1; all within wreath. SC 2061.1o (this coin illustrated); Lorber, Die, Group 1, 23 (A7/P2 –this coin, illustrated); SMA 277; HGC 9, 1067d. Near EF, lightly toned, overstruck on uncertain type. ($500) From the MNL Collection. Ex Rauch 98 (21 September 2015), lot 168; 2005 Unknown Findspot (‘Antiochus VII posthumous’) hoard (CH X, 288), Lot 4, inv. cc49684.

347. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos VII Euergetes (Sidetes). 138-129 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 14.09 g, 1h). Phoenician standard. Sidon mint. Dated SE 175 (138/7 BC). Diademed and draped bust right / Eagle standing left; palm frond over far shoulder; to left, Eor (date) above ≤; to right, s5dW above aphlaston. SC 2102.1a; Rouvier 1252; HGC 9, 1073; DCA 197. EF, lightly toned. ($1000) From the MNL Collection, purchased from Apollo Numismatics, 5 May 2011.

98


348. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos VII Euergetes (Sidetes). 138-129 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28mm, 14.24 g, 1h). Phoenician standard. Tyre mint. Dated SE 177 (136/5 BC). Diademed and draped bust right / Eagle standing left on prow left; palm frond over far shoulder; to left, õ above club surmounted by i (Tyre monogram); to right, &† above zor (date); > between legs. SC 2109.5a; Rouvier 1900; Newell, Tyre 121; HGC 9, 1074; DCA 198. Good VF, toned. ($500) From the MNL Collection, purchased from Herb Kreindler, 17 May 2014.

349. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Demetrios II Nikator. Second reign, 129-125 BC. AR Drachm (19mm, 4.11 g, 10h). Tarsos mint, “Royal workshop”. Diademed and horned head right / Zeus Nikpehoros seated left; to outer left, ± above ±. SC 2158 corr. (lower monogram); Houghton, Second –; HGC 9, 1128a; SNG Spaer 2204 (same dies). EF, lightly toned, flan flaw in field on obverse. Well struck. Extremely rare. ($1000) From the MNL Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Review XL.2 (Summer 2015), no. 403602. The clarity of the lower monogram on this example verifies that this drachm is a fraction of the tetradrachm issue SC 2157.

350. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Demetrios II Nikator. Second reign, 129-125 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29.5mm, 12.56 g, 1h). Ptolemaïs (Ake) mint. Dated SE 186 (127/6 BC). Diademed and horned head right / Eagle standing left on thunderbolt; to left, M above µ; 4∏r (date) to right. SC 2204.2; HGC 9, 1124; DCA 231. VF, areas of roughness, a few scratches. Very rare, only two in CoinArchives. ($1500)

351. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Kleopatra Thea & Antiochos VIII. 125-121 BC. Æ (20.5mm, 8.26 g, 12h). Uncertain mint 115, in northern Syria(?). Struck circa 122-121 BC. Jugate heads right / Nike, holding wreath and palm frond, advancing left; B to outer left, A to inner right. SC 2265.2a; HGC 9, 1190. VF, slightly rough black-green surfaces. Rare. ($500) From the MNL Collection. Ex Gorny & Mosch 233 (6 October 2015), lot 1742.

99


352 353 352. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Kleopatra Thea & Antiochos VIII. 125-121 BC. AR Tetradrachm (30mm, 16.54 g, 12h). Damaskos mint. Dated SE 192 (120/19 BC). Jugate heads right / Zeus Nikephoros seated left; H to outer left, &% below throne, ∫rr (date) in exergue. SC 2267.2a; LSM 87; HGC 9, 1182e; DCA 253. VF, toned. Well centered on a broad flan. ($500) 353. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Kleopatra Thea & Antiochos VIII. 125-121 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29.5mm, 16.53 g, 1h). Ptolemaïs (Ake) mint. Undated issue, struck circa 124 BC. Jugate heads right / Zeus Nikephoros seated left; [† to outer left]. SC 2271.1; LSM 8; HGC 9, 1182g. VF, deep iridescent tone, off center on reverse. ($500)

354. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos VIII Epiphanes (Grypos). 121/0-97/6 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 16.32 g, 11h). Uncertain mint 112, in Cilicia. Struck circa 121/0-114/3 BC. Diademed head right within fillet border / Athena Nikephoros standing left; to outer left, ÅQ above b; all within laurel wreath. SC 2291.3; Houghton, Reigns, Series II, Group 1, dies A1/P– (unlisted rev. die); HGC 9, 1195. Near EF, toned. Very rare. ($750) From the MNL Collection. Ex Jencek Historical Enterprise Inventory Y04007 (November 2012); Wayte Raymond (1886-1956) inventory.

355. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos VIII Epiphanes (Grypos). 121/0-97/6 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29.5mm, 16.54 g, 1h). Uncertain mint 112, in Cilicia. Struck circa 121/0-114/3 BC. Diademed head right within fillet border / Athena Nikephoros standing left; to outer left, 5E above Q; all within laurel wreath. SC 2291.4; Houghton, Reigns, Series II, Group 2, A2/P– (obv. die unlisted for variety, unlisted rev. die); HGC 9, 1195. Matte Proof, toned, traces of find patina. Rare. ($500) From the MNL Collection. Ex Jencek Historical Enterprise Inventory Y04007 (November 2012); Wayte Raymond (1886-1956) inventory.

356. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos VIII Epiphanes (Grypos). 121/0-97/6 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29mm, 16.02 g, 12h). Uncertain mint 112, in Cilicia. Struck circa 121/0-114/3 BC. Diademed head right within fillet border / Athena Nikephoros standing left; to outer left, @oU above EU; all within laurel wreath. SC 2291.5 var. (lower control); Houghton, Reigns, Series III, Group 1, unlisted variety, but obv. die A1 from Series II; HGC 9, 1195. Good VF, minor porosity. Unique variety of a very rare issue. ($1000) From the MNL Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 85 (15 September 2010), lot 497.

100


357. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos VIII Epiphanes (Grypos). 121/0-97/6 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27.5mm, 15.93 g, 12h). Uncertain mint 116, in Cilicia or northern Syria. First reign, circa 118/8-114/3 BC. Diademed head right within fillet border / Zeus Ouranios standing left, holding star and scepter; to outer left, Â above `; all within laurel wreath. SC 2293.3 (this coin referenced); Houghton, Reigns, Series VIII, Group 1, dies A1/P1 (this coin referenced and illustrated); HGC 9, 1197c. Good VF, toned. Very rare. ($500) From the MNL Collection, purchased from Perseus Ancient Coins, 23 December 2011. Ex Giessener Münzhandlung 102 (24 May 2000), lot 324; Classical Numismatic Group XXII (2 September 1992), lot 158.

358. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos VIII Epiphanes (Grypos). 121/0-97/6 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29mm, 16.44 g, 1h). Uncertain mint 116, in Cilicia or northern Syria. Second reign, circa 112-97/6 BC. Diademed head right within fillet border / Zeus Ouranios standing left, holding star and scepter; to outer left, U above Å; @ in exergue; all within laurel wreath. SC 2294.3 corr. (monogram has two variations); Houghton, Reigns, Series VII, Group 1, dies A1/P1 corr. (monogram); HGC 9, 1197c; Lanz 42, lot 316 (same dies). Near EF, toned, a few deposits. ($500) From the MNL Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 378 (13 July 2016), lot 228.

359. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos VIII Epiphanes (Grypos). 121/0-97/6 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28.5mm, 16.52 g, 12h). Sidon mint. Dated SE 196 (117/6 BC). Diademed head right / Zeus Ouranios standing left, holding star and scepter; to outer left, %5dW above 5Er above &% above ∫; 4rr in exergue; all within laurel wreath. SC 2330.1; Rouvier 1276; HGC 9, 1197g; DCA 268. VF, toned, a few marks. ($500) From the MNL Collection, purchased from B. Franceschi, 9 February 2016.

101


360. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos VIII Epiphanes (Grypos). 121/0-97/6 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29mm, 16.65 g, 12h). Ptolemaïs (Ake) mint. Struck circa 121/0-113 BC. Diademed head right / Zeus Ouranios standing left, holding star and scepter; D to outer left; all within wreath. SC 2336.2a; LSM 35; HGC 9, 1197h. EF, deep iridescent tone. ($750) From the MNL Collection, purchased from B. Franceschi, 9 February 2016.

361. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos IX Eusebes Philopator (Kyzikenos). 114/3-95 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 16.15 g, 12h). Antioch on the Orontes mint. Third reign, struck circa 96-95 BC. Diademed head right within fillet border / Zeus Nikephoros seated left; ‹ above ` to outer left, @ below throne; all within wreath. SC 2369.1a; SMA 414; HGC 9, 1232. Near EF, toned, flan crack. ($500) From the MNL Collection, purchased from Eukratides Numismatics, 19 April 2010.

362. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos IX Eusebes Philopator (Kyzikenos). 114/3-95 BC. AR Tetradrachm (31mm, 16.44 g, 12h). Sidon mint. Dated SE 200 (113/2 BC). Diademed head right / Athena Nikephoros standing left; to outer left, %5dW above 5Er above `%U above fi; s (date) in exergue. SC 2384; Rouvier 1281; HGC 9, 1228k; DCA 288. EF, toned, a few minor marks. ($750) From the MNL Collection, purchased from B. Franceschi, 9 February 2016.

102


363. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Antiochos IX Eusebes Philopator (Kyzikenos). 114/3-95 BC. AR Tetradrachm (30mm, 16.48 g, 1h). Uncertain mint in northern Phoenicia(?). Struck circa 111/0 BC. Diademed head right / Athena Nikephoros standing left; to outer left, A above cornucopia; all within wreath. SC 2389b; Rouvier –; LSM 49; HGC 9, 1228m. Near EF, lightly toned, area of flat strike along edge. ($500) From the MNL Collection, purchased from Den of Antiquity, 14 June 2013.

364. SELEUKID EMPIRE. Demetrios III Eukairos. 97/6-88/7 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 16.02 g, 12h). Damaskos mint. Dated SE 223 (90/89 BC). Diademed head right / Cult statue of Atargatis standing facing, flowers in hands, grain ears on shoulders; @ above ¬ to outer left, ˝˚4 (date) in exergue; all within wreath. SC 2451.8; HHV 92 (A19/P85); HGC 9, 1305; DCA 304. VF, toned. Rare. ($500) From the MNL Collection. Ex Elvira Elisa Clain-Stefanelli (1914-2201) Collection [as the Demarete Collection] (Stack’s Bowers Galleries, 5 November 2015), lot 42029.

365. PHOENICIA, Tyre. 126/5 BC-AD 65/6. AR Shekel (29mm, 14.21 g, 2h). Dated CY 47 (80/79 BC). Laureate bust of Melkart right, [lion skin around neck] / Eagle standing left on prow; palm frond in background; to left, ZÂ (date) above club; ] to right, b (Phoenician B) between legs. DCA-Tyre 168; Rouvier –; HGC 10, 358; DCA 919. VF, area of flat strike. Very rare date. ($1000)

103


366. PHOENICIA, Tyre. 126/5 BC-AD 65/6. AR Shekel (30mm, 14.33 g, 1h). Dated CY 50 (77/6 BC). Laureate bust of Melkart right, [lion skin around neck] / Eagle standing left on prow; palm frond in background; to left, l@ (date) above club; d5 to right, no Phoenician letter between legs. DCA-Tyre 176 var. (Phoenician letter between legs); Rouvier –; HGC 10, 358; DCA 919. Good VF, lightly toned, double struck on obverse. Excellent metal. Extremely rare variety. ($1000) From the D. C. Kopen Collection. Ex Pegasi BBS 105 (19 January 1998), lot 118.

“Crucifixion” Half Shekel DCA-Tyre Plate Coin

367. PHOENICIA, Tyre. 126/5 BC-AD 65/6. AR Half Shekel (21mm, 6.86 g, 1h). Dated CY 159 (AD 33/4). Laureate bust of Melkart right, lion skin around neck / Eagle standing left on prow; palm frond in background; to left, r@Q (date) above club; to right, ˚r above O; Å (Phoenician A) between legs. DCA-Tyre 878 (this coin illustrated); Rouvier –; RPC I 4693; HGC 10, 358; DCA 922. VF, toned. Very rare. ($1000) From the D. C. Kopen Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 64 (24 September 2003), lot 412. According to the traditional chronology, this coin was struck in the year of Jesus’ crucifixion.

DCA-Tyre Plate Coin

368. PHOENICIA, Tyre. 126/5 BC-AD 65/6. AR Shekel (24.5mm, 14.41 g, 1h). Dated CY 163 (AD 37/8). Laureate bust of Melkart right, [lion skin around neck] / Eagle standing left on prow; palm frond in background; to left, r$˝ (date) above club; to right, ˚r above ); b (Phoenician B) between legs. DCA-Tyre 605 (this coin illustrated); Rouvier –; RPC I 4667; HGC 10, 357; DCA 920. Good VF, toned. Exceptional style and quality for such a late issue. ($1500) Ex CGB Live Auction (13 June 2017), lot 432117.

104


369. PHOENICIA, Tyre. 126/5 BC-AD 65/6. AR Shekel (24mm, 14.18 g, 12h). Barbarous imitation of an issue of the CY 170s. Laureate bust of Melkart right, [lion skin around neck(?)] / Eagle standing left on prow; palm frond in background; to left, 5o¨ (“date”) above [club(?)]; to right, ˚r above d; uncertain control mark between legs. For prototype: cf. HGC 10, 357; cf. DCA 920. VF, toned, deposits. ($500)

370. JUDAEA, Jewish War. 66-70 CE. AR Shekel (23mm, 14.20 g, 11h). Temple (Jerusalem) mint. Dated year 2 (April 67 - March 68 CE). Omer cup; @c (“Y[ear] 2” in Hebrew = date) in Hebrew above, L!Rc¥ LQc (“Shekel of Israel” in Hebrew) around / Staff with three pomegranates; YcurQY 2¥Lcur¥ (“Jerusalem the holy” in Hebrew) around. Deutsch 182 (O14/R172); Meshorer 193; Kadman 8; Hendin 1358; Bromberg 63–4; Shoshana I 20202–3; Sofaer 5–8; Spaer 167–8. Good VF, toned. ($3000) From the D. C. Kopen Collection, purchased from James Beach, 2004.

371. PHILISTIA (PALESTINE), Uncertain mint. Mid 5th century-333 BC. AR Drachm (13mm, 2.98 g, 8h). Obverse imitating Athens. Helmeted head of Athena right / Paradise flower/Phoenician palmette within incuse circle. Gitler & Tal XIII, unlisted issue, but cf. group XVII for similar reverse types. Good VF, toned, some porosity, light earthen deposits, test cut on reverse. Extremely rare. ($1000)

372. PHILISTIA (PALESTINE), Uncertain mint. Mid 5th century-333 BC. AR Drachm (15mm, 3.75 g, 7h). Janiform head with the left face facing, the right face turned right / Winged quadruped, with a horned lion-like head and wing terminating in a bull’s head, seated right, raising left forepaw; all in dotted square within incuse square. Gitler & Tal XXVII.1Da (same dies). VF, toned, slight roughness and light marks on obverse, test cut on reverse. Very rare. ($2000)

373. NABATAEA. Malichos I. 60-30 BC. Æ (17mm, 4.17 g, 1h). Petra mint. Dated RY 27 (34/3 BC). Diademed head right / Palm of hand; date across field (final digit off flan). Meshorer, Nabataea 17; HGC 10, 685; DCA 966; Sofaer 12 (same dies). VF, dark brown surfaces, faint cleaning marks. Choice for issue. Rare. ($1000) 105


374

375

374. NABATAEA. Malichos I. 60-30 BC. Æ (23mm, 10.30 g, 1h). Petra mint. Dated RY 28 (33/2 BC). Diademed and draped bust right / Filleted cornucopia; date across field. Meshorer, Nabataea 18; HGC 10, 683; DCA 961. Good VF, earthen dark green patina, slightly off center. ($500) 375. NABATAEA. Obodas II, with Hagaru I. 30-9 BC. AR Sela’ – Drachm (17.5mm, 4.49 g, 12h). Petra mint. Dated RY 16 (15/4 BC). Wreathed and diademed head of Obodas right / Veiled and draped bust of Hagaru left; date to right. Barkay, King 37 = Schmitt-Korte II 20 = Sofaer 19; Meshorer, Nabataea –. Near EF, find patina, off center on obverse. Extremely rare, only two examples noted by Barkay. ($1000)

376 377 376. NABATAEA. Obodas II, with Hagaru I. 30-9 BC. AR Sela’ – Drachm (16mm, 4.49 g, 1h). Petra mint. Dated RY 21 (10/9 BC). Jugate head of Obodas, diademed, and bust of Hagaru(?), veiled and draped, right / Diademed head of Obodas right; date to left. Barkay, King 46; Schmitt-Korte II 24; Meshorer, Nabataea –. Good VF, toned, off center on reverse. Excellent metal for issue. Extremely rare, only two examples noted by Barkay. ($500) 377. NABATAEA. Obodas II, with Hagaru I. 30-9 BC. AR Sela’ – Drachm (16mm, 4.44 g, 12h). Petra mint(?). Uncertain date (RY 11?). Laureate head of Obodas right, of unusual style / Diademed and veiled head of Hagaru right; date across field (partially off flan). Barkay, King, Sup. I-IA; Hoover & Barkay 26 (Year 11); Huth 54 (Year 11); Meshorer, Nabataea –. VF, softly struck, patches of find patina. Extremely rare, only two coins of this style noted by Barkay. ($300) Barkay noted the unusual style of this issue, and suggested that it was either due to an inexperienced die engraver or, perhaps, the product of a different workshop than that which produced the bulk of Obodas’ coinage.

378

379

378. ARABIA, Uncertain. Late 4th-3rd centuries BC. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 17.17 g, 9h). Imitating the types of Alexander III of Macedon. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Shams seated left on backless throne, holding eagle and staff; ˜ in left field, uncertain control mark below throne (erased in die?). Unpublished in the standard references. VF, slight roughness. Extremely rare. ($300) From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection, purchased from Freeman & Sear, 18 January 2002. A variety of the Arabian mints began operations with imitations of Alexander type. However, the style of this piece, particularly the reverse, is only roughly similar to any of those. Moreover, the weight of this coin is correct for the Attic standard, while most of the known imitations from Arabia are much lighter. This suggests that the present coin, the style of which is also closer to the original Alexanders, was struck earlier, perhaps even in the late 4th century BC. If correct, this would be one of the earliest , if not the earliest, Alexander type coins from Arabia.

379. ARABIA, Uncertain. 4th–3rd centuries BC(?). AR Tetradrachm (19mm, 15.77 g, 9h). Imitating Athens. Helmeted head of Athena right / Owl standing right, head facing; olive spray and crescent to left; all within incuse square. Cf. Van Alfen, Owls, “Fifth Century Style,” 56–8 (for similar style); otherwise unpublished. Good VF, attractive dark find patina. ($500)

106


381

380

380. ARABIA, Northwestern. Lihyan. 2nd–1st centuries BC. BI Tetradrachm (20mm, 13.01 g, 9h). Imitating Athens. Schematic head right, two upward crescents on cheek / Schematic owl standing right, head facing; olive spray to left. Huth, Athenian, fig. 5, c; cf. Huth 39. Good VF, toned, some porosity. Exceptional for issue. ($2000) 381. ARABIA, Northwestern. Lihyan. 2nd–1st centuries BC. Æ Tetradrachm (20.5mm, 9.17 g, 12h). Imitating Athens. Schematic head right, two upward crescents on cheek / Schematic owl standing right, head facing; olive spray to left. Huth, Athenian, fig. 5, d; Huth –. VF, earthen black patina, some roughness as usual. ($500)

2:1

1.5:1

1.5:1

2:1

382. ARABIA, Southern. Himyar. ‘Amdān Bayān Yahaqbiḍ. Circa AD 100-120. AV Fraction (8mm, 0.37 g, 3h). Scyphate type. Raydan mint. Monogram within dotted circular border / Small head right; ‘scepter’ to right. Unpublished, but for silver fractions with these types, cf. CAF 3.10iii and cf. Huth 446. Near EF. One of two known. ($2000) Arabian gold issues are extremely rare. This same ruler is known to have issued a larger scyphate gold unit, known from two examples (Huth 436 and CNG 100, lot 107), that must have been issued concurrently with the present gold fraction, alongside silver units and fractions with the same types.

383. PERSIA, Achaemenid Empire. temp. Xerxes II to Artaxerxes II. Circa 420-375 BC. AV Daric (15.5mm, 8.34 g). Lydo-Milesian standard. Sardes mint. Persian king or hero, wearing kidaris and kandys, quiver over shoulder, in kneelingrunning stance right, holding spear in right hand, bow in left / Incuse punch. Carradice Type IIIb, Group C (pl. XIV, 42); cf. Meadows, Administration 323; BMC Arabia pl. XXV, 12; Sunrise 28. VF. Well centered on a broad flan. ($1000)

Early Issue of Mazakes

384. PERSIA, Alexandrine Empire. Mazakes. Satrap of Mesopotamia, circa 331-323/2 BC. AR Tetradrachm (22mm, 16.33 g, 8h). Imitating Athens. Helmeted head of Athena right / Owl standing right, head facing; olive spray [and crescent] to left. Le Rider, Alexander, pp. 214-9; Van Alfen, Owls, Group IIIa, 75–7; CNG 106, lot 517. Near EF, toned, some die wear. Exceptional for issue. Very rare. ($1500)

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385. UNCERTAIN EAST. 3rd-2nd centuries BC. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 16.37 g, 11h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, lion-skin draped over club. Price 4058. Near EF, toned. Rare. ($500) From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection. Ex Lanz 138 (26 November 2002), lot 286. The present coin is part of a series of Alexandrine tetradrachms featuring an unusual obverse style and light weight (averaging between 15.5 and 16.5 grams), as well as a variety of symbols in the left field on the reverse: lion-skin over club [Price 4058], dolphin downward [Price 4058A (cf. Lanz 161, lot 15)], wreath [Price B36], two dolphins entwined over wreath [present coin], and thunderbolt [CNG 90, lot 752, and Rauch Summer Auction 2010, lot 54]. While the light weight and style suggest an origin among the eastern Celts, the consistency of the style and proper epigraphy suggest a more formally organized mint, unlike definitively Celtic issues that attempt just to copy existing Alexanders (or are clearly blundered).

386. PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT. Ptolemy I Soter. As satrap, 323-305 BC. AV Stater (17mm, 8.53 g, 12h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Memphis or Alexandreia mint. Struck circa 323/2-317/1 BC. Head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with serpent, single-pendant earring, and necklace / Nike standing left, holding wreath in extended right hand and cradling stylis in left arm; thunderbolt in left field, d5 below left wing. Svoronos 11; Zervos Issue 82, dies 745/– (unlisted rev. die); Price 3975; SNG Copenhagen 643 (same obv. die). Near EF. ($2000) Ex CNG Inventory 860656 (December 2009).

387. PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT. Ptolemy I Soter. As satrap, 323-305 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 17.18 g, 12h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Memphis or Alexandreia mint. Struck circa 323/2-317/1 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Nikephoros seated left; rose in left field, d5-o below throne. Svoronos –; Zervos Issue 2C, dies 206/f; Price 3971 var. (position of letters on rev.). EF, underlying luster, a hint of porosity. ($2000)

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388 389 388. PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT. Ptolemy I Soter. As satrap, 323-305 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28mm, 15.69 g, 12h). Ptolemaic standard. In the name of Alexander III of Macedon. Alexandreia mint. Struck circa 311/0-305 BC. Diademed head of the deified Alexander right, wearing elephant skin / Athena Alkidemos advancing right; ∆ to inner left; to right, circular erasure (in die), Corinthan helmet right, and eagle standing right on thunderbolt. Svoronos 179 (and 180 corr.); Zervos Issue 30, dies 521/b; SNG Copenhagen –; BMC 25 (same dies). Good VF, toned, struck from worn dies. ($750) From the Collection of José Miguel Márquez del Prado. Ex Áureo & Calicó 293 (24 May 2017), lot 2046.

389. PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT. Ptolemy I Soter. As satrap, 323-305 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28mm, 17.13 g, 7h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Tyre mint. Struck under Menes. Dated RY 31 of ‘Ozmilk (319/8 BC). Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, )o (Phoenician ‘K [for ‘Ozmilk]) above ‹0( (Phoenician date [31]). Price 3281 (Ake); Newell, Dated 34 (obv. die XXVII); DCA 737. Good VF, toned, struck with slightly worn obverse die, overstruck on uncertain type (likely an earlier issue Alexander from Tyre). ($500) From the Collection of José Miguel Márquez del Prado. Ex Áureo & Calicó 293 (24 May 2017), lot 2029.

390. PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT. Ptolemy II Philadelphos, with Arsinöe II, Ptolemy I, and Berenike I. 285246 BC. AV Half Mnaïeion – ‘Tetradrachm’ (20.5mm, 13.85 g, 12h). Alexandreia mint. Struck circa 272-261/0 BC. Conjoined busts of Ptolemy II and Arsinöe II right; Ptolemy is diademed and draped, Arsinöe is diademed and veiled; ÅdE¬fW@ above, shield to left / Conjoined busts of Ptolemy I and Berenike I; Ptolemy is diademed and draped, Berenike is diademed and veiled; QEW@ above. Svoronos 604; Olivier & Lorber dies 15/40; SNG Copenhagen 133; Adams III 2084; Boston MFA 2275; Dewing 2753-4; Noeske 38. In NGC encapsulation, graded AU, Strike 5/5, Surface 4/5. ($5000) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 96 (14 May 2014), lot 591.

Ex Peyrefitte Collection

391. PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT. Arsinoe II Philadelphos. Died 270/268 BC. AV Mnaieion – ‘Oktadrachm’ (26.5mm, 27.81 g, 12h). Alexandreia mint. Struck under Ptolemy II or III, circa 249/8-242/1 BC. Head right with ram’s horn, veiled and wearing stephanos; lotus-tipped scepter in background, $ to left / År%5@o˙% f5¬ÅdE¬foU, double cornucopia, grape bunches hanging at sides, bound with fillet. Svoronos 489; Olivier & Lorber dies 1/4, 307 (this coin); SNG Copenhagen –; Du Chastel 293 (same obv. die); Hermitage Sale II 1576 (same obv. die); Hunterian 13 (same obv. die). EF, underlying luster, mark at edge on obverse. Scarce obverse letter. ($20,000) Ex Roger Peyrefitte Collection (Vinchon, 29 April 1974), lot 121.

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Two Choice Serapis & Isis Tetradrachms Pedigreed to 1922

392. PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT. Ptolemy IV Philopator. 222-205/4 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 14.08 g, 12h). Alexandreia mint. Struck circa 217-215/0 BC. Jugate draped busts right of Serapis and Isis / ∫Å%5¬EW% ∏to¬EÂÅ5oU, eagle standing left, head right, on thunderbolt; filleted cornucopia over shoulder, %E between legs. Svoronos –; Landvatter Group 5, 74a (O23/R64) = E. T. Newell, Two Recent Egyptian Hoards, ANSNNM 33 (1927), p. 4, 4 (this coin, illustrated in Landvatter); SNG Copenhagen –; Noeske –; ANS 1944.100.77211 (same obv. die); A. Hess AG 253, lot 282 = Ars Classica XIII, lot 950 (same obv. die). Choice EF, attractively toned. Excellent metal and an impeccable pedigree. Extremely rare issue at Alexandria, Landvatter notes only four examples (noted above, plus one in the BN), from one obverse and two reverse dies. ($20,000) Ex Dr. W. Schink Collection (Spink Zürich 20, 6 October 1986), lot 409; Hess-Leu 36 (17 April 1986), lot 285; Ars Classica X (15 June 1925), lot 1629; 1922 Delta Hoard (IGCH 1690). This type is thought to have been issued in celebration of the Ptolemaic victory over the Seleukids at the battle of Raphia during the Fourth Syrian War. Official propaganda proclaimed that these two deities, Serapis and Isis, had intervened on behalf of the Egyptians, saving them from defeat (see C. Lorber, “The Ptolemaic Era Coinage Revisited,” NC 2007, p. 116, and L. Bricault, “Serapis et Isis, Sauveurs de Ptolémé IV à Raphia,” Chronique d’Égypte LXXIV (1999), pp. 334-43). Thomas Landvatter, in his die study cited above that appeared in the 2012 ANS American Journal of Numismatics (Second Series, Vol. 24, p. 88), suggests that this issue was “carrying a very specific ideological message directed more widely throughout the empire: Ptolemy IV was equating himself and his wife Arsinoe with the divine sibling-spouses Serapis and Isis.” Landvatter also notes that “[t]his was an ideological statement made during wartime, meant to have wide appeal and explicitly associate the Ptolemaic king and queen with two of the most popular deities in the Eastern Mediterranean.” Indeed, the popularity of the Serapis/Isis cult would outlive the Ptolemaic dynasty and continue well into the Roman Imperial period, only to be eventually usurped by the Christian and Muslim faiths.

393. PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT. Ptolemy IV Philopator. 222-205/4 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 14.28 g, 12h). Alexandreia mint. Struck circa 217-215/0 BC. Jugate draped busts right of Serapis and Isis / ∫Å%5¬EW% ∏to¬EÂÅ5oU, eagle standing left, head right, on thunderbolt; filleted cornucopia over shoulder, d5 between legs. Svoronos 1124; Landvatter Group 1, 1-27 (unlisted dies); SNG Copenhagen 197-8; Noeske 139; Boston MFA 2284; SNG Berry 1488; Dewing 2760. EF, toned, minor flan crack. ($5000) Ex Dr. Walter Stoecklin Collection (†1981).

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394. PTOLEMAIC KINGS of EGYPT. Kleopatra VII Thea Neotera. 51-30 BC. Æ (20.5mm, 5.29 g, 12h). Damaskos mint. Dated SE 280 (33/2 BC). Diademed and draped bust right / Tyche seated left on rock outcropping, extending hand and cradling cornucopia; l ∏% (date) to left; below, river-god Chrysorrhoas swimming right; all within laurel wreath. Svoronos 1893; SNG Copenhagen (Syria) 419; RPC I 4783; HGC 9, 1462; DCA 497. Good VF, repatinated earthen green surfaces, some strengthening of details. ($1000)

395. KYRENAICA, Kyrene. Circa 500-480 BC. AR Drachm (12mm, 3.47 g). Silphion fruit; pellet above, ring below / Patterned incuse square. Buttrey, Coins, Period I, Group 1A, 9–25 var. (unlisted variety); SNG Copenhagen –; cf. BMC 6. Good VF, toned, typical light porosity. Well centered. Choice for issue. ($750)

396. MAURETANIA, Lixus. Circa 50-1 BC. Æ (18mm, 5.46 g, 11h). Male head right, wearing tall bonnet with hanging cord / Grape bunch on vine. MAA 168; Mazard 633; SNG Copenhagen 694-6. Good VF, red-brown patina, slight roughness. Exceptional for issue. Rare. ($500)

CELTIC COINAGE

397. EASTERN EUROPE, Imitations of Philip II of Macedon. 2nd-1st centuries BC. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 12.47 g, 6h). Audoleon–Vogelreiter type. Mint in the Carpathian region. Stylized laureate head of Zeus right / Rider, holding staff surmounted by eagle, on horseback right. OTA 340/2; KMW 1268–70; Lanz 675. Good VF, lightly toned, light porosity. ($1000) 111


398. EASTERN EUROPE, Imitations of Alexander III of Macedon. Late 2nd-1st centuries BC. AR Tetradrachm (31mm, 16.74 g, 7h). Imitating style of posthumous Alexanders from southern Asia Minor. Head of Herakles, wearing lion skin / Zeus Äetophoros seated left; kerykeion to left. Unpublished. Near EF, toned, a couple minor die breaks. Very rare high quality imitation of late Alexandrine issue. ($400) From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection. Ex Triton XI (7 January 2008), lot 124. By the 2nd century BC, most imitative issues of Alexanders were stylized issues easily identifiable as ‘Celtic’ or ‘barbarous.’ The present piece, however, would have been highly deceptive, as the style is very close to that used at various mints in southern Asia Minor, and is betrayed only by the retrograde N in Alexander’s name, and very minor stylistic elements. The closest parallels, in terms of style, are issues of Rhodes, which had the small hash marks at the bottom of the lion skin and Zeus sitting on a throne with its back depicted. Another possibility, if the kerykeion was present on the model, would be the rare issue from Samothrace, circa 200 BC, Price 662. That issue has a somewhat similar style, but lacks the throne back and also has a monogram below the throne–these small differences, though, suggest that the engraver was not closely copying an official issue, and that the kerykeion was an arbitrary symbol used to give the impression of authenticity.

A New Celtic Type

399. EASTERN EUROPE, Imitations of Roman Republican. Uncertain Tribe. After 29 BC. AR Denarius (17mm, 3.01 g, 6h). Hybrid issue, imitating an obverse of Octavian and a reverse of Q. Sicinius. uiii above, 125E1 uiT below, shield / Palm frond and winged caduceus, in saltire; wreath above; i˜ Oii across field; uiuui2t. Davis –; cf. Sydenham 938 (for rev. type); cf. Sicinia 5 (for rev. type). VF, toned, slight double strike on obverse. ($500) From Phil Davis: I think you can rule out a Civil War issue or anything else even quasi-official with complete confidence. The mis-matched types and garbled legends aren’t consistent with any Civil War issue I’m aware of anyway. This is surely an ancient imitation.   I’m more hesitant about firmly describing it as Geto-Dacian though. It doesn’t “look” particularly Dacian to my eye, but I’m still being surprised by coins which, based on find-spot and context, unquestionably are Dacian, so that by itself isn’t a particularly persuasive argument either way. There are other considerations though. The primary “peak” period of Dacian minting was in the 80s-70s BC; too early for this coin. There was a secondary peak in the 40s BC, which fits nicely with the Cr-440/1 reverse of 49 BC, but is too early for the Octavian shield “obverse” of 30-29 BC. That late date isn’t impossible for a Dacian coin—I believe the Dacians continued to strike some silver straight through to Trajan’s conquest—but it is later than most. That date is more consistent with the Eraviscan imitations, but I mention that only in passing, for completeness. I’ve no reason at all to suspect this is Eraviscan; it surely isn’t.   It’s sort of ironic: I spent a fair amount of effort getting people to stop calling every RR imitation “Celtic” and to consider the possibility that many or most were in fact Dacian, but I’ve learned to be cautious about categorically using that description as well. The complicating truth is that there were other peoples imitating RR denarii around the same time; in Central Europe, in Thrace, in Serbia and Bulgaria, who knows where else. Some of these may in fact have been struck by Dacians, whether traders or imperialists; others seem to have been struck within a sort of Dacian economic sphere but by non-Dacian peoples. I’m also starting to consider whether some originate in Spain as well, clearly not by Geto-Dacians (but ironically hinting that there just might be something in the Civil War notion after all!) CNG thanks Phil Davis for his assistance in attributing this coin, as well as his note.

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400. GAUL, Northwest. Redones. Circa 100-50 BC. BI Stater (22mm, 6.83 g, 7h). Class 7. Celtic head right / Celticized biga right; above, human-like head right; below, wheel set on spiral ornament. Depeyrot, NC VIII, 152; D&T 2315; de la Tour 6792. Good VF, toned, typical light porosity. Exceptional for issue. ($500) Ex Triton XVI (7 January 2013), lot 623.

401. GAUL, Northeast. Treviri. Circa 100-50 BC. AV Stater (17.5mm, 6.06 g, 11h). Stylized head of Zeus right, devolved into an eye-like device; ornaments in margin / Horse prancing left; V-like ornament above, spiral ornament below. Depeyrot, NC VII, 73; D&T 173; de la Tour 8799. Good VF, toned, slightly off center, area of flat strike. ($1000)

ORIENTAL GREEK COINAGE

402. KINGS of PARTHIA. Mithradates II. 121-91 BC. AR Tetradrachm (30mm, 15.99 g, 12h). Seleukeia on the Tigris mint. Struck circa 120/19-109 BC. Diademed bust left / Archer (Arsakes I) seated right on omphalos, holding bow; palm to outer right; t¨ in exergue. Sellwood 24.4; Sunrise 284; Shore 67. VF, toned. Overstruck on an uncertain Seleukid tetradrachm. ($1000) Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 84 (20 May 2015), lot 1586.

403. KINGS of CHARACENE. Hyspaosines. Circa 127-124 BC. AR Tetradrachm (30mm, 16.32 g, 12h). CharaxSpasinu mint. Dated SE 185 (128/7 BC). Diademed head right / Herakles seated left on rock, holding club on knee; trace of ( to outer left; trace of E∏r (date) in exergue. Assar fig. 13 var. (date); Alram 491 var. (date); De Morgan –; BMC –; Sunrise –. VF, a few cleaning marks. ($1000) 113


Apodakos Succeeds His Father Hyspaosines

404. KINGS of CHARACENE. Hyspaosines. Circa 127-124 BC. AR Tetradrachm (31.5mm, 15.63 g, 12h). Lifetime or Posthumous issue. Charax-Spasinu mint. Dated SE 188 (125/4 BC). Diademed head right / Herakles seated left on rock, holding club on knee; ( to outer left; trace of ˙∏r (date) in exergue. Assar fig. 15 var. (date); Alram 491 var. (date); cf. De Morgan 1 (date listed as SE 188, but illustration SE 190); BMC –; Sunrise –. VF, a few cleaning marks. ($1000) The Astronomical Diary gives us the precise date for the death of Hyspaosines on 10/11 June in year 188 of the Seleukid Era (124 BC). We are told further that Hyspaosines’ widow, Talasi’asu ordered that their minor son Apodakos should “sit on the royal throne of his father” (see A.J. Sachs and H. Hunger, Astronomical Diaries and Related Texts from Babylonia. Vol. III: Diaries from 164 B.C. to 61 B.C [Wien: Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften.Wien, 1996]), pp. 282-283: Astronomical Diary No. -123A (BM 33024+33045) Obverse: Month III 188 SE = 2/3 June – 30 June/1 July 124 BC: 18: [.... Asp]asine, king of [M]esene, .... [....] .... the 5th day (6/7 June 124 BC) of this month he became ill and on the 9th (10/11 June 124 BC) he died of illness. Afterwards, the nobles [....] 19: [....] .... [....] .... [....] these apprentices must not give any decision. At the command of Talasi’asu, his wife, the nobles [....] 20: [....] .... Afterwards, she made one small (minor) boy, his son, sit on the royal throne of his father Aspasine [....] As a minor, however, Apodakos did not immediately become king, and hence he issued coins in his father’s name until at least SE 193 (see this coin and the next lot). The present group of tetradrachms spans the period from the lifetime of Hyspaosines through the minority of Apodakos and finally the period when Apodakos issued coins in his own name (see lots 402-405).For a more detailed discussion, see G.R. Assar, “A Revised Parthian Chronology of the Period 165-91 BC), Electrum 11 (2006), 87-158 (at 126) [who generously supplied the information for this note].

405

406

405. KINGS of CHARACENE. Hyspaosines. Circa 127-124 BC. AR Tetradrachm (31mm, 16.12 g, 12h). Posthumous issue under Apodakos. Charax-Spasinu mint. Dated SE 190 (123/2 BC). Diademed head right / Herakles seated left on rock, holding club on knee; ( to outer left; trace of Jr (date) in exergue. Assar fig. 16; Alram 491 var. (date); De Morgan 1 and pl. XL, 1 corr. (date listed as SE 188, but illustration SE 190); BMC –; Sunrise –. VF, cleaning marks, area of soft strike. ($1000) 406. KINGS of CHARACENE. Apodakos. Circa 110/09-104/03 BC. AR Tetradrachm (33mm, 16.06 g, 12h). CharaxSpasinu mint. Dated SE 203 (110/09 BC). Diademed head right / Herakles seated left on rock, holding club on knee; i to outer left; trace of ˝% (date) in exergue. Alram 495 = De Morgan 2 and pl. XL, 3; BMC 1; Sunrise –. VF, overstruck on uncertain type. ($1000)

407. KINGS of CHARACENE. Apodakos. Circa 110/09-104/03 BC. AR Tetradrachm (32mm, 15.91 g, 12h). CharaxSpasinu mint. Dated SE 204 (109/8 BC). Diademed head right / Herakles seated left on rock, holding club on knee; i to outer left; trace of d% (date) in exergue. Alram 495 var. (year 203); De Morgan 2 and pl. XL, 3 var. (same); BMC –; Sunrise 464. VF, a few deposits, overstruck on uncertain type. ($1000) 114


408

409

408. KINGS of CHARACENE. Apodakos. Circa 110/09-104/03 BC. AR Tetradrachm (32mm, 15.81 g, 12h). CharaxSpasinu mint. Dated SE 207 (106/5 BC). Diademed head right / Herakles seated left on rock, holding club on knee; i to outer left; trace of Z% (date) in exergue. Alram 495 var. (year 203); De Morgan 2 and pl. XL, 3 var. (same); BMC –; Sunrise –. VF, a few deposits, overstruck on uncertain type. ($1000) 409. KINGS of CHARACENE. Apodakos. Circa 110/09-104/03 BC. AR Tetradrachm (31mm, 16.18 g, 12h). CharaxSpasinu mint. Dated SE 209 (104/3 BC). Diademed head right / Herakles seated left on rock, holding club on knee; i to outer left; trace of O% (date) in exergue. Alram 495 var. (year 203); De Morgan 2 and pl. XL, 3 var. (same); BMC –; Sunrise –. VF, a few marks, overstruck on uncertain type. ($1000)

410. KINGS of PERSIS. Vādfradād (Autophradates) I. 3rd century BC. AR Tetradrachm (24.5mm, 16.24 g, 5h). Istakhr (Persepolis) mint. Head right, with mustache and earring, wearing diadem and kyrbasia / †DRP†w (wtprdt = “Vādfradād” in Aramaic) down outer right, [...] Rb (br [...] = “son of [...]” in Aramaic) down right of fire altar, 3¥ âKR†Rp (prtrk’ zy = “fratarakā of” in Aramaic) below fire altar, ⁄33%;â (’lhy’ = “the gods” in Aramaic) up outer left, fire temple of Ahura-Mazda; above, half-figure of Ahura-Mazda; to left, Vādfradād standing right, bow set on ground before; standard to right. Cf. K&M 2/17 (for type) and see KM Nachträge 2.8.4 (for a similar example overstruck on an issue of Baydad); cf. Alram 533 (for type); cf. De Morgan 12a and pl. XXVII, 19 (same); cf. BMC 1 (same); Sunrise –; CNG 106, lot 543 (same rev. die). EF, toned, overstruck on a tetradrachm of Baydad. ($3000)

411. KINGS of PERSIS. Vādfradād (Autophradates) II. Early-mid 2nd century BC. AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 16.39 g, 10h). Istakhr (Persepolis) mint. Bearded head right, wearing diadem and kyrbasia adorned with eagle / Fire temple of AhuraMazda; above, half-figure of Ahura-Mazda; to left, Vādfradād standing right, bow before; to right, eagle standing left on standard. K&M 3/1 (same obv. die); Alram 546; DeMorgan, p. 403 and pl. XXVIII, 7 and 10 (for obv.; same die); cf. BMC 1 (Darius[?]; for type); Sunrise –; MACW –; Nomos 14, lot 172 (same obv. die). Near EF, toned. Very rare. ($10,000) From the Nisa Collection.

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412. BAKTRIA, Local issues. Circa 295/3-285/3 BC. AR Obol (9.5mm, 1.01 g, 9h). Local standard. Uncertain mint in the Oxus region. Kalathos / Double bodied owl with single facing head. Cf. SMAK p. 70 (for chronology); Bopearachchi, Sophytes 10 = SNG ANS 11 = HGC 12, 13; CNG E-394, lot 325; CNG 103, lot 461; CNG 100, lot 1630. Good VF, toned. Extremely rare, one of five known. ($500) The object on the obverse was previously described as an “uncertain object”, but a comparison with Athenian coinages, which this series generally imitates, reveals that it must be a kalathos (cf., e.g., Triton XI, lot 167 = Pozzi 1572), which is represented on a variety of issues at Athens.

413. BAKTRIA, Greco-Baktrian Kingdom. Euthydemos I Theos Megas. Circa 225-200/195 BC. AR Tetradrachm (31mm, 16.69 g, 12h). Mint A (near Aï Khanoum). Struck circa 225-220/215 BC. Diademed head right / Herakles seated left on rock, holding club set on rocks; d to inner right. Kritt A1; Bopearachchi 5B; HGC 12, 40. Good VF. Well centered. ($1500) From the David Nelson Collection. Ex CNG Inventory 838459 (March 2009).

414. BAKTRIA, Greco-Baktrian Kingdom. Demetrios I Aniketos. Circa 200-185 BC. AR Tetradrachm (32mm, 16.85 g, 12h). Diademed and draped bust right, wearing elephant skin headdress / ∫Å%5¬EW% down right, d˙;˙tr5oU down left, Herakles standing facing, crowning himself, holding club and lion skin; D to inner left. Bopearachchi 1F; HGC 12, 63. Near EF, toned. ($3000) From the David Nelson Collection, purchased from Spink for £4000. Ex Spink (8 October 2003), lot 134; purchased from Spink, September 1993.

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415. BAKTRIA, Greco-Baktrian Kingdom. Agathokles Dikaios. Circa 185-175 BC. AR Tetradrachm (31mm, 16.41 g, 12h). Diademed and draped bust right / ∫Å%5¬EW% Å˝ÅQo˚2EoU%, Zeus standing facing, holding figure of Hekate in outstretched right hand, and scepter in left; Hekate holds torch in each hand; D to inner left. Bopearachchi 1D; HGC 12, 81. EF, small area of porosity on reverse. High relief portrait. ($3000) From the David Nelson Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 70 (21 September 2005), lot 460 (hammer $3500).

Pedigree Tetradrachm for Diodotos I

416. BAKTRIA, Greco-Baktrian Kingdom. Agathokles Dikaios. Circa 185-175 BC. AR Tetradrachm (32mm, 17.06 g, 12h). Commemorative issue struck for Diodotos II Soter. d5odotoU down right, %∑t˙ro% down left, diademed head of Diodotos right / Zeus Bremetes, seen from behind, advancing left, aegis draped over outstretched left arm, and brandishing thunderbolt in right hand; in inner left field, wreath above eagle standing left; D to inner right. Kritt, New, p. 81; Bopearachchi 14A; HGC 12, 85. VF, toned, minor porosity, obverse struck a little off-center. Very rare. ($1500) From the David Nelson Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 70 (21 September 2005), lot 461 (hammer $1700).

417. BAKTRIA, Greco-Baktrian Kingdom. Antimachos I Theos. Circa 180-170 BC. AR Tetradrachm (32mm, 16.59 g, 12h). Diademed and draped bust right, wearing kausia / Poseidon standing facing, holding trident and filleted palm; Í to inner right. SNG ANS 274-5; HGC 12, 106. EF, light porosity. ($2000) From the David Nelson Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 115 (25 May 2005), lot 186.

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418. BAKTRIA, Greco-Baktrian Kingdom. Eukratides I Megas. Circa 170-145 BC. AR Tetradrachm (34mm, 16.83 g, 12h). Diademed and draped bust right / The Dioskouroi on horses rearing right, holding palms and spears; Δ to lower right; Ò in exergue. Bopearachchi Série 1C var. (placement of monogram); HGC 12, 130; CNG E-413, lot 186 = CNG 53 (15 March 2000), lot 851. VF, lightly toned. Extremely rare variety. ($1000) From the David Nelson Collection. Ex CNG Inventory 158062 (July 2005).

419. BAKTRIA, Greco-Baktrian Kingdom. Eukratides I Megas. Circa 170-145 BC. AR Tetradrachm (34mm, 17.02 g, 12h). Diademed and draped bust right / The Dioskouroi on horses rearing right, holding palms and spears; D to lower right. Bopearachchi Série 1D; HGC 12, 130. EF, toned. ($2000) Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 96 (6 October 2016), lot 1134 (hammer 3000 CHF); Jonathan K. Kern Collection [as the “Lexington Collection”] (Heritage 3035, 3 September 2014), lot 29130; Triton VIII (11 January 2005), lot 643.

420. BAKTRIA, Greco-Baktrian Kingdom. Eukratides I Megas. Circa 170-145 BC. AR Tetradrachm (33mm, 16.44 g, 12h). Dynastic pedigree issue. ∫å%5GEU% ÂE˝Å% around, EUkrÅt5d˙% in exergue, heroic bust of Eukratides left, wearing helmet adorned with bull’s horn and ear, seen from behind, brandishing spear in his right hand / ˙G5okGEoU% above, kÅ5 GÅod5k˙% in exergue, conjoined draped busts of Heliokles and Laodike, wearing tainia, right; T to left. Bopearachchi 16A; HGC 12, 134. Good VF, lightly toned, a few pits and porosity. ($3000) From the David Nelson Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 69 (8 June 2005), lot 806.

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CENTRAL ASIAN COINAGE

421. INDO-SKYTHIANS. Spalirises. Circa 70-58 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 9.16 g, 12h). Heir Apparent issue. King on horseback right on ground line, holding spear / Zeus standing facing, holding thunderbolt and scepter; Ó to left. Senior 71.1aT; HGC 12, 618. VF, traces of encrustation, some porosity and weakness of strike. Extremely rare. ($1000)

422. INDIA, Kushan Empire. Vima Kadphises. Circa AD 113-127. AV Dinar (19.5mm, 7.98 g, 12h). Bilingual series. Main mint in Baktria. bacilEyc ooh mo kadfichc, diademed and crowned half-length bust of Vima Kadphises left on clouds, holding mace-scepter in right hand and hilt of sword in left; flames at shoulder; 9 to right / [Å]rd~ Å9`k m˙ År·Óm År·Ó g¬‰Å ÅjrÎjr Åjrhm (Maharajasa rajadirajasa sarvaloga iśvarasa mahiśvarasa vima kaphthiśasa tradara[sa] = “of the great king, king of kings, lord of the world, the great lord, vima kadphises, savior” in Kharosthi), ithyphallic Siva standing facing, head left, holding trident in right hand and water flask in left; left arm draped with animal skin; 9 to left, 0 (Three Jewels) to right. Bopearachchi, Premiers Série XV, 41; MK 15A (O2/R15); ANS Kushan 266-268; Donum Burns 79 (same dies). EF, trace of deposit on crown, some scratches in obverse field. ($2000) From the David Nelson Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 152 (15 November 2006), lot 159 (hemmer $2800).

423. INDIA, Kushan Empire. Kanishka I. Circa AD 127-151. AV Dinar (20mm, 7.93 g, 12h). Main mint in Baktria (Balkh?). Early phase. saonanosao ka nIs˚i ˚osano, Kanishka, diademed and crowned, standing facing, head left, holding goad and scepter, sacrificing over altar to left; flame at shoulder / nana up left, Nana, nimbate, wearing fillet and crescent, standing right, holding scepter and box; 8 to right. MK 35 (O13/R3 [unlisted die combination]); ANS Kushan 370; Donum Burns 117 (same rev. die). Good VF, areas of light toning. ($2000) Ex François Righetti Collection; Triton XIII (5 January 2010), lot 268.

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Extremely Rare Oešo (Siva) Reverse

424. INDIA, Kushan Empire. Vasudeva I. Circa AD 190-230. AV Dinar (21mm, 8.06 g, 12h). Main mint in Baktria (Balkh?). Early phase. saO˜a˜OsaO bO z dIO ˚Os˜O, Vasudeva, nimbate, helmeted, and diademed, standing facing, head left, holding trident, sacrificing over altar to left / OIsO up left, triple-headed (two human and one a horned animal) and ithyphallic Siva standing facing, flames at shoulders, holding a garland or diadem in upper right hand, lotus in lower right, and trident tin upper left; lower left hand resting on hump of the bull Nandi standing behind left, wearing bell around neck; ^ to upper right. MK 500 var. (all three heads human); ANS Kushan –; Donum Burns 402 = C.A. Burns, “Topi Hoard of Kushana, Dinaras” Numismatic Digest 14 (1990/1), p. 20 (Second Workshop) = C.A. Burns, “Coinage of the King of Kings, Vasudeva, Kushana,” Numismatic Digest XI (1987), Fig. 20 (Workshop “B”). Near EF, Extremely rare with the only other published example being the Donum Burns coin, none on CoinArchives. ($10,000)

425 426 425. INDIA, Gupta Empire. First Dynasty. Kumaragupta I Mahendraditya. Circa AD 413-455. AV Dinar (20.5mm, 8.20 g, 12h). Horseman type. Kumaragupta, left on horseback, bow across back, holding reins and hilt of sword / The goddess Lakshmi seated left on stool, presenting twig to a peacock standing before and holding lotus; to left; ajitamahendra in Brahmi to right. BKB 167-9; BMC Guptas 226-230 and p. 76, –; Altekar Class II, Variety B, 12 and pl. XI, 7; Bayana 1538 (same obv. die); Kumar, p. 313, Class III, Variety B (first example illustrated – this coin); Triton IX, lot 1186 (same dies). Good VF, lightly toned. ($1500) From the David Nelson Collection. Ex CNG Inventory 765644 (February 2006).

426. SASANIAN KINGS. Ardaxšīr (Ardashir) I. AD 223/4-240. AR Obol (15mm, 0.67 g, 3h). Mint B (“Hamadan”). Phase 3, circa AD 233/4-238/9. Bust leftt, wearing diadem (type R) and close-fitting headdress with korymbos and earflap / Fire altar (flames 2) with diadems (type R); pellets flanking altar shaft. SNS type IIIb(4a)/3a(2b) and pl. 14, A37 var. (bust right); Saeedi 68 (same dies); Sunrise 705 var. (same); Zeno 35626 = Bellaria Collection (CNG 66), lot 847 (same obv. die). EF. Very rare with bust left and better than the Bellaria specimen. ($300) From the Nisa Collection.

427. SASANIAN KINGS. Šābuhr (Shahpur) I. AD 240-272. AV Dinar (22mm, 7.44 g, 3h). Mint I (“Ctesiphon”). Phase 2, circa AD 260-272. !000 NM 000X 0NM N! 00!!00M NN000 ÁRRjRRj! 4 †0000µ (mzdysn bgy šhpwhry MRK’n MRK’ ’yr’n MNW ctry MN yzd’n in Pahlavi), bust right, wearing diadem and mural crown with korymbos; three pellets in field to left / bj100N (nwr’zy in Pahlavi) to right, )00jµjç (šhpwhry in Pahlavi) to left, fire altar; flanked by two attendants wearing mural crowns; > to left of flames. SNS type IIc/1b, style P, group b; Göbl type I/1; Saeedi AV5; Sunrise 740; Triton XXI, lot 587; (same dies); CNG 97, lot 461 (same dies). EF, trace of deposits. ($5000) 120


428. SASANIAN KINGS. Ohrmazd (Hormizd) I. AD 272-273. AR Obol (14mm, 0.67 g, 3h). Style A. Mint A (’Ctesiphon’). Bust right, wearing diadem and crown with korymbos, on shoulder / Fire altar; flanked by two attendants facing inward, the left, wearing crown with korymbos, raises hand, the right, wearing mural crown, holds up diadem. Cf. SNS type Ib(1)/2a(1) style A (drachm); Saeedi –; Sunrise 753A (same dies); Zeno –. EF. Exremely rare. ($400) From the Nisa Collection.

429 430 429. SASANIAN KINGS. Vahrām (Bahram) I. AD 273-276. AR Drachm (26.5mm, 4.39 g, 9h). Style A. ‘Ctesiphon’ mint. Bust right, wearing radiate crown with korymbos; pellet above and below diadem ties; double legend behind head / Fire altar; flanked by two attendants, the left wearing winged crown with korymbos, the right wearing mural crown; fravahr on altar shaft. SNS type I(2)/1aa(1a); Göbl type I/1; Paruck 109; Saeedi 120; Sunrise 755( same obv. die). Near EF, light porosity. Very rare with the double legend behind head. ($750) From the Nisa Collection.

430. SASANIAN KINGS. Vahrām (Bahram) II, with Queen and Prince 4. AD 276-293. AR Drachm (26mm, 3.61 g, 3h). Style H. Sakastan mint. Kç K YRTxWNM 01WY1 1KRM N1KRM N!RJRW 4 NsYdZM (mzdysn bgy wrhr’n MRK’n MRK’ ’yr’n W ’n’yr’n MNW ctry MN y in Pahlavi), jugate busts of Vahrām (Bahram), wearing winged crown with korymbos, and his queen, wearing kolah with boar’s head, left, vis-a-vis bust of Prince 4, wearing kolah with senmerv’s head, right / 0ARJRW (wrhr’n in Pahlavi) to left, YW1RWN (nwr’ zy in Pahlavi) to right, fire altar; flanked by two attendants facing outward, each wearing winged crown with korymbos; ü and > flanking flames. SNS type VIc(1)/2(1a) and pl. 23, A77 var. (positions of busts); Göbl –; Saaedi –; Sunrise –; Zeno –. Near EF, light porosity and crystallization of surface, weak strike on reverse. Excellent portraits. Extremely rare variety, none in CoinArchives. ($1000) From the Nisa Collection.

431. SASANIAN KINGS. Vahrām (Bahram) II. AD 276-293. AV Dinar (20mm, 7.37 g, 3h). Style A. Mint A (Uncertain [Ctesiphon?]). Phase 1, AD 276 or slightly later. YNuXZNP N!Zu! !RRM N!fijLˆ Y$ NsYduµ (mzdysn bgy wrhr’n MRK’ ’yr’n MN yzd’n in Pahlavi), bust right, wearing winged crown with korymbos / bZZZY (blundered nwr ’zy in Pahlavi) on left, ´YºWZZ (blundered wrhr ’n in Pahlavi) on right, fire altar; flanked by two attendants, the left wearing winged crown with korymbos, the right wearing mural crown; >ö flanking flames; ˘ on altar shaft. SNS type I(1)/1(1a), style A and pl. 14, AV A4 (same dies); Göbl type I/1; Saeedi –; Sunrise 765; Künker 133, lot 8256 (same dies). Near EF. ($5000) From the Nisa Collection.

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432 433 432. SASANIAN KINGS. Ohrmazd (Hormizd) II. AD 303-309. AR Drachm (28mm, 3.38 g, 3h). Style D/2. Mint D. Bust right, wearing eagle crown with korymbos; Xj (st in Pahlavi) above diadem ties / Fire altar with ribbon and bust left in flames; flanked by two attendants, the left wearing winged crown with korymbos, the other wearing mural crown; pellet behind each crown; pellet on second tier of altar; EUj (hyw in Pahlavi) in exergue. SNS type Ia(1)/4b(1) (sigla unlisted); cf. SNS Schaaf 192 (for type); cf. Saaedi 189 (same); cf. Sunrise 821 (same); Zeno –. Near EF, minor deposits and porosity, scrape and polish mark in obverse field. Very rare with sigla on obverse and reverse. ($500) From the Nisa Collection.

433. SASANIAN KINGS. Ohrmazd (Hormizd) II. AD 303-309. AR Drachm (29mm, 3.47 g, 3h). Style D/2. Mint D. Bust right, wearing eagle crown with korymbos; trace of TV (st in Pahlavi) above diadem ties / Fire altar with ribbon and bust left in flames; flanked by two attendants, the left wearing winged crown with korymbos, the other wearing mural crown; Tsy (sst in Pahlavi) in exergue. SNS type Ia(1)/4b(1) (sigla unlisted); cf. SNS Schaaf 192 (for type); cf. Saaedi 189 (same); cf. Sunrise 821 (same); Zeno –. Near EF, minor deposits and porosity. Very rare with sigla on obverse and reverse. ($500) From the Nisa Collection.

434. SASANIAN KINGS. Ohrmazd (Hormizd) II. AD 303-309. AR Drachm (27.5mm, 3.42 g, 3h). Style D/2. Mint D. Bust right, wearing eagle crown with korymbos; trace of ¨T (tc in Pahlavi) above diadem ties / Fire altar with ribbon and bust left in flames; flanked by two attendants, the left wearing winged crown with korymbos, the other wearing mural crown; pellet on second tier of altar; ÁT (tc in Pahlavi) in exergue. SNS type Ia(1)/4b(1) (sigla unlisted); cf. SNS Schaaf 192 (for type); cf. Saaedi 189 (same); cf. Sunrise 821 (same); Zeno –. Near EF, minor deposits and porosity. Very rare with sigla on obverse and reverse. ($500) From the Nisa Collection.

435. SASANIAN KINGS. Pērōz (Fīrūz) I. AD 457/9-484. Base AV Dinar (18.5mm, 6.97 g, 3h). Sind mint. Struck circa AD 457-458. Bust right, wearing mural crown with frontal crescent and korymbos set on crescent; kwE to right / Fire altar with ribbons and attendants; fl to right. SNS III, pl. 145, C16 = Senior, Coin, Fig. 3; Senior, Sind, 9 (line drawing); Sunrise –; Zeno –. Good VF. Extremely rare. ($3000)

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436. SASANIAN KINGS. Kavād (Kavādh) II. AD 628. AR Drachm (33mm, 4.15 g, 3h). AHM (Hamadan) mint. Dated RY 2 (AD 628). Bust right, wearing mural crown with frontal crescent and korymbos set on crescent / Fire altar with ribbons; flanked by two attendants; star and crescent flanking flames. Malek, Kavad, 1-8 (this coin unrecorded); SC Tehran 4221; Sunrise –. EF, traces of deposits, slightly weak strike. ($750) From the Nisa Collection.

437. KUSHANO-SASANIANS. temp. Ardaxšīr (Ardashir) – Pērōz (Fīrūz) I. Circa AD 255-310. AV Dinar (28mm, 8.09 g, 12h). Imitating Kushan king Vasudeva I. Uncertain mint in Baktria. Early series. Vasudeva standing left, flames on shoulder, holding filleted standard, sacrificing over altar to left; filleted trident to left; symbol to left; 9 between legs; ˘ below arm; 0 to right / Ithyphallic Siva standing facing, holding a garland or diadem and trident with o on shaft; behind, the bull Nandi standing left; to upper left, • to left of :; ≥ below Nandi’s head. MK 694 (Vasudeva II) var. (no pellets below arm); ANS Kushan 1700; Donum Burns 476. Choice EF, areas of coppery toning. ($1500) From the David Nelson Collection. Ex CNG Inventory 161206 (December 2005).

438. HUNNIC TRIBES, Western Turks. Khalaj. 8th century AD. Æ Drachm (22.5mm, 2.52 g, 3h). Imitating Sasanian king Peroz I, AD 438-457. Crowned bust right / Siva standing facing, holding trident: to left χαλαγγ or χαλασσ in Bactrian. Vondrovec, p. 680; Alram, Alchon –; Göbl, Dokumente –; Göbl, SO –; Göbl, Nachtrag –; Zeno 155210; CNG 78, lot 1072 (same obv. die). VF, brown surfaces. Very rare. ($1500)

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ROMAN PROVINCIAL COINAGE Exceptional Nemausus Augustus and Agrippa

439. GAUL, Nemausus. Augustus, with Agrippa. 27 BC-AD 14. Æ As (27mm, 13.54 g, 5h). Struck AD 10-14. Heads of Agrippa, wearing combined rostral crown and laurel wreath, and Augustus, laureate, back to back / Crocodile right, chained to palm frond with wreath at top; two palm fronds at base. RPC I 525; RIC I 160. EF, glossy green patina. Exceptional surfaces. ($5000)

440. THRACE, Byzantium. Trajan. AD 98-117. Æ (26mm, 10.28 g, 1h). Laureate bust right, slight drapery / BYZANTIΩN EΠI TPAIAN[OY KAI TO Γ], crested Corinthian helmet to right, with seated lion at top of bowl and serpent on cheekguard. Schönert-Geiss, Byzantion 1332-3 var. (V17/R– [unlisted rev. die]); RPC III 1068. Near EF, green patina. Exceptional depiction of helmet. ($1000) This interesting issue names Trajan as magistrate for the third time.

441. THRACE, Perinthus. Caracalla. AD 198-217. Æ Medallion (41mm, 38.55 g, 6h). Struck AD 215-217. Laureate and cuirassed bust right, with aegis over left shoulder and gorgoneion on breastplate, holding spear over shoulder / Tyche standing facing, head left, holding temple in each outstretched hand; at feet to left, lighted altar. Schönert, Perinthos 596; Varbanov 235. Good VF, attractive light green patina, minor striking weakness at center. Rare. ($2000) 124


442. THRACE, Perinthus. Elagabalus. AD 218-222. Æ Medallion (43mm, 34.49 g, 6h). Laureate and cuirassed bust right, with aegis over left shoulder and gorgoneion on breastplate / ΠEPI-NΘ-IΩN/ AKTIA ΠVΘIA/ ΔIC NEΩKO/PΩN, two temples seen in perspective; above, two prize urns, each containing palm frond. Schönert, Perinthos 714 var. (bust type); Varbanov 405 var. (same). Near VF, green-brown patina, smoothing. Rare type and possibly unrecorded with this bust. ($750) This medallion is from Schönert’s obverse die F. She only recorded this reverse with obverse die D (laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right).

443. THRACE, Philippopolis. Caracalla. AD 198-217. Æ Medallion (40mm, 41.36 g, 6h). Struck circa AD 214. Laureate heroic-style bust left, wearing aegis, seen from behind / KOINON ΘPAKΩN AΛEZAN ΠYΘI/A EN ΦIΛIΠ/Π-O, emperor on horseback right, about to spear fallen enemy. Mouchmov, Philippopolis 364; Varbanov 1421. VF, green-brown patina. A number of heavily tooled specimens of this type have been on the market in recent years. This piece has even surfaces devoid of the usual tooling and smoothing. Rare thus. ($1000)

Extremely Rare Quintus Hortensius

444. MACEDON, Cassandrea(?). Quintus Hortensius Hortalus. Proconsul, 44-42 BC. Æ (17mm, 4.13 g, 12h). HAMM[O], horned head of Zeus-Ammon right / HORT COL • D, two grain ears. S. Kremydi-Sicilianou, “Quintus Hortensius Hortalus in Macedonia (44-42 BC),” Tekmèria 4 (1998/1999), 29 (O2/R1); RPC I 1511. Good VF, dark brown patina. Extremely rare and excellent for issue. Only five known to Kremydi-Sicilianou. ($500) From the Belgica Collection. Ex Lanz 162 (6 June 2016), lot 64 (hammer £1000). Son of a wealthy politician and famed orator of the same name, Quintus Hortensius was a loyal supporter of Julius Caesar and was appointed governor of Macedon by the dictator in 44 BC. Following the assassination of Caesar soon afterward, control of Macedon was sought out both by the Second Triumvirate and the Liberatores. Hortensius backed his nephew Brutus and was able to maintain the governorship of Macedon until his death at the Battle of Philippi in 42 BC. This is one of three Macedonian issues to bear the name of Quintus Hortensius. The authors of RPC suggest that the two larger denominations should be assigned to Dium, while this smaller denomination was issued for Cassandrea (based on the two other issues, the “D” in the reverse legend does not mark the coin as belonging to the colony of Dium, but rather refers to Hortensius’ post as praefectus coloniae deducendae).

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445. MACEDON, Edessa. Gordian III. AD 238-244. Æ (25mm, 8.39 g, 1h). Struck AD 241-242. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Roma, holding Nike set on globe, seated left on cuirass, being crowned by Tyche, holding cornucopia. Papaefthymiou Group A, 2 (D1/R2); Varbanov 3671. VF, green-brown patina. Nice portrait. ($300) From the Belgica Collection. Ex Group CEM (Classical Numismatic Group 88, 14 September 2011), lot 797; Sternberg XV (11 April 1985), lot 504.

Three Rare Commemorative Issues

446. MACEDON, Philippi. Divus Augustus. Died AD 14. Æ (20mm, 7.06 g, 6h). Struck under Gallienus, AD 260-268. Radiate head of Divus Augustus right / H-ERO-I AVLONITE, Heros Aulonites on horseback right, about to hurl spear; R P C P in exergue. M. Amandry, “Le monnayage de la Res Publica Coloniae Philippensium: Nouvelles données,” FIDES, 1d (D1/ R1 – this coin). VF, green and brown patina. Extremely rare, one of four cited by Amandry. ($500) From the Belgica Collection. Ex Gorny & Mosch 191 (11 October 2010), lot 1770. Part of a series celebrating three deified emperors – Augustus, Trajan, and Marcus Aurelius. Augustus (as Octavian) settled soldiers in the area after the Battle of Philippi (42 BC) and later reorganized the city.

447. MACEDON, Philippi. Divus Marcus Aurelius. Died AD 180. Æ (25mm, 10.12 g, 6h). Struck under Gallienus, AD 260-268. Radiate head of Divus Marcus Aurelius right / AV-G PARENTI, emperor on horseback right, raising right hand in salutation; DIVO in exergue. M. Amandry, “Le monnayage de la Res Publica Coloniae Philippensium: Nouvelles données,” FIDES, 7c (D3/R2 – this coin). VF, rough green patina. Extremely rare, one of five cited by Amandry. ($300) From the Belgica Collection. Ex Gorny & Mosch 191 (11 October 2010), lot 1771. Marcus Aurelius held special significance at Philippi as he instituted a major building program in the city.

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448. MACEDON, Philippi. Divus Marcus Aurelius. Died AD 180. Æ (24mm, 9.52 g, 6h). Struck under Gallienus, AD 260-268. Radiate head of Divus Marcus Aurelius right / Two towers with curved, crenelated wall running behind them; between towers, Roma (or Athena?) standing left, holding patera and spear, with shield at side; C P in exergue. M. Amandry, “Le monnayage de la Res Publica Coloniae Philippensium: Nouvelles données,” FIDES, 10b (D3/R6 – this coin). VF, green surfaces, some roughness. Extremely rare, one of three cited by Amandry. ($300) From the Belgica Collection. Ex Nomos 6 (8 May 2012), lot 149.

Deified Julius Caesar

449. MACEDON, Thessalonica(?). Augustus, with Divus Julius Caesar. 27 BC-AD 14. Æ (21mm, 7.74 g, 6h). ΘEOC, bare head of Divus Julius Caesar right / CEBACTOY ΘE, bare head of Augustus right. BMC 61; Varbanov 4154; RPC I 5421 (uncertain mint). Good VF, glossy dark green patina, some light smoothing and cleaning marks. Rare. ($300) From the Belgica Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 75 (23 May 2007), lot 798. An enigmatic coin. Head (BMC) assigned this issue to Thessalonica, but Touratsoglou (Die Münzstätte von Thessaloniki in der römischen Kaiserzeit [1988], p. 43, no. 69) rejected this attribution, instead suggesting an uncertain mint in Asia Minor. Nonetheless, the coins are similar to the Thessalonican issues with Divus Julius Caesar/Augustus, which Touratsoglou attributed to the time of Domitian (RPC dates these to the time of Augustus). The question hinges on what to make of the ΘE in the reverse legend: does it function as an abbreviation for ΘEΣΣAΛONIKEΩN or does it identify Augustus as a θεος, thus indicating this issue was struck after his death? It should be noted the die links claimed in CNG 75 are erroneous, and there is no clear indication that the reverse legend was recut. Thus the present piece offers no conclusive evidence that this issue was struck in Thessalonica, as was stated in the 2007 sale.

450 451 450. MACEDON, Thessalonica. Vespasian. AD 69-79. Æ (23mm, 8.87 g, 1h). Laureate head left / ΘEΣΣA/ΛONIKE/ ΩN in three lines; above, eagle standing left, head right; all within oak wreath. Touratsoglou 16 (V5/R16); RPC II 320. EF, dark green patina. Rare in such exceptional condition. ($300) From the Belgica Collection. Ex Gorny & Mosch 142 (10 October 2005), lot 1918.

451. ATTICA, Athens. Pseudo-autonomous issue. Circa AD 264-267. Æ (20mm, 4.78 g, 7h). Helmeted and draped bust of Athena right / Olive tree; to left, owl standing right, head facing; amphora to right. Kroll 383; SNG Copenhagen 368 var. (amphora to left, owl to right). VF, red-brown patina, minor roughness on obverse. ($500) Ex Christopher Morcom Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 76/1, 12 September 2007), lot 502.

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452. MYSIA, Parium. Cornelia Supera. Augusta, AD 253. Æ (22mm, 4.38 g, 6h). Draped bust right, wearing stephane / She-wolf to right, head left, suckling the twins Remus and Romulus. SNG BN –; RPC IX 384. VF, brown surfaces. Rare. ($500) Ex Roma E-Sale 30 (29 October 2016), lot 301 (hammer £1200).

453. IONIA, Smyrna. Commodus. As Caesar, AD 166-177. Æ (32mm, 21.35 g, 6h). P. Aelius Arizelos, strategos. Struck circa AD 175-177. Bareheaded, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Cybele seated left in biga drawn by lions, holding reins and resting arm on tympanum. Klose 5 (V2/R5); BMC 356. VF, green patina. ($1500)

454. LYDIA, Hierocaesarea. Pseudo-autonomous issue. temp. Commodus, AD 180-192. Æ (32mm, 16.04 g, 6h). Diademed head of youthful Demos right / Artemis, drawing arrow from quiver and holding bow, standing right in biga of stags galloping right; two flowers or tufts of grass on groundline. Martin 1; SNG Hunterian 1377. VF, brown and green surfaces, rough patch on cheek. Extremely rare, Martin cites two specimens (in Glasgow and Berlin). ($500) Ex Triskeles 15/VAuctions 318 (15 December 2015), lot 199.

Son of the Orator Cicero

455. LYDIA, Magnesia ad Sipylum. M. Tullius Cicero Minor. Proconsul of Asia, early to mid 20s BC. Æ (24mm, 8.26 g, 12h). Theodoros, magistrate. Bare head of Cicero Minor right / Right hand holding wreath, grain ears, and vine branch with grape bunch. BMC 13-5; FITA 385; Stumpf 142; Klose & Stumpf 106; RPC I 2448. VF, green patina, light roughness and a few scratches. Very rare and among the finest known, far better than the four specimens in CoinArchives. ($1500) 128


456. CARIA, Stratonicaea. Caracalla & Geta. AD 209-211. Æ (33mm, 26.01 g, 6h). Confronted busts of Caracalla right and [Geta] left, both laureate, draped, and cuirassed; c/m’s: helmeted head of Roma within circular incuse and ΘЄOY within rectangular incuse / Hekate standing left, holding patera over altar and torch. SNG Keckman –; SNG von Aulock –; SNG Copenhagen –; Karl 311 (same dies); for c/m: Howgego 536 and 188. Good VF, brown surfaces, smoothing on reverse. ($750) Ex Gemini XII (11 January 2015), lot 389 (hammer $1800); Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 327 (28 May 2014), lot 826. The name of the magistrate is not fully legible and difficult to determine with certainty. It does not, however, appear to be Tynchanontos, son of Philonos, as listed in the Karl catalog.

457. PHRYGIA, Bruzus. Gordian III. AD 238-244. Æ (28mm, 11.26 g, 6h). Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Zeus seated left, holding patera and scepter, within tetrastyle temple. SNG von Aulock 3527; SNG Copenhagen 232; SNG München 169; RPC VII.1 710 (A3/R2). Near EF, brown surfaces. ($500)

458. CILICIA, Anazarbus. Domitian. AD 81-96. Æ (22mm, 8.33 g, 12h). Dated CY 112 (AD 93/4). Laureate head of Domitian right / Draped bust of Domitia left; IB-P (date) across field. Ziegler 76 (Vs1/Rs3); SNG BN 2019; RPC II 1749. Near EF, lovely earthen green patina. ($500) Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 94 (6 October 2016), lot 189.

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Interesting Foundation Scene RPC Plate Coin – Ex Levante Collection

459. CILICIA, Mallus. Trajan Decius. AD 249-251. Æ (37mm, 32.03 g, 6h). Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Decius, as togate pontiff, standing left, offering statuette of Marsyas to Tyche and plowing pomerium with team of oxen right; to right, Amphilochus standing left, holding branch and crowning Decius with wreath; in exergue, boar standing left. SNG Levante 1291 = RPC IX 1433.6 (this coin, illustrated in both); SNG BN 1931. Good VF, dark green patina with areas of redbrown. Rare foundation scene. ($750) Ex Edward J. Waddell inventory, January 2014; Kelly J. Krizan, M.D. Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 93, 22 May 2013), lot 878; Classical Numismatic Group 64 (24 September 2003), lot 664; Eduardo Levante Collection, 1291.

460. CAPPADOCIA, Caesarea-Eusebia. Tiberius, with Drusus Caesar. AD 14-37. AR Drachm (19mm, 3.31 g, 12h). Struck AD 33-34. Laureate head of Tiberius right / Bare head of Drusus left. Sydenham, Caesarea 47; RPC I 3622b; RIC 86-7 var. (rev. legend). Good VF, toned, light roughness on obverse. ($750)

Cassius, Assassin of Caesar

461. SELEUCIS and PIERIA, Antioch. Gaius Cassius Longinus. Proconsul, 53-51 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 15.21 g, 12h). In the name and types of Philip I Philadelphos. Diademed head of Philip I right / Zeus Nicephorus seated left; monogram of Cassius to inner left; all within wreath. McAlee 3; Prieur 3 (citing 12); RPC I 4126. EF, a few light scratches. An excellent example of this rare issue. Only three examples in CoinArchives. ($2000) Gaius Cassius Longinus took part in the campaign against Parthia that culminated in the Battle of Carrhae, one of Rome’s most humiliating military losses, where he served as quaestor to the general Marcus Licinius Crassus. When Crassus was killed in the battle, Cassius retreated to Syria with the remaining Roman army and assumed the governorship from 53-51, at which time this rare series of tetradrachms was struck. He returned to Rome in 50 BC amidst the growing conflict between Julius Caesar and Pompey, choosing to serve as naval commander for the latter. Caesar eventually pardoned Cassius and even appointed him legate. This proved a fateful move, for despite Caesar’s clemency, Cassius became one of the chief architects in the plot to assassinate the dictator perpetuo in March of 44 BC. Two years later, following his defeat at Philippi, Cassius took his own life with the same dagger that he used to stab Caesar.

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Two Antioch Issues from Artistic Dies

462

463 462. SELEUCIS and PIERIA, Antioch. Mark Antony & Cleopatra. Circa 36-34 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 13.75 g, 12h). BACIΛICCA KΛЄOΠATPA ΘЄA NЄωTЄPA, diademed bust of Cleopatra right, wearing earring, necklace, and embroidered dress / ANTωNIOC AVTOKPATωP TRITON TPIωN ANΔPωN, bare head of Antony right. McAlee 174; Prieur 27; BMC 53; RPC I 4094; HGC 9, 1361. Good VF, toned, granular surfaces. Exceptional strike. ($20,000) The obverse legend is usually translated as “Queen Cleopatra, the younger goddess” or “...the newer goddess.” Ted Buttrey (“Thea Neotera,” MN VI [1954], pp. 95-109) read the legend rather differently: “Queen Cleopatra Thea, junior.” Essentially, this would make her Cleopatra Thea II and thus the namesake of the Seleucid queen Cleopatra Thea (ruled 125-121 BC), the daughter of Ptolemy VI and Cleopatra II. Buttrey argued that such tetradrachms of Antony and Cleopatra officially mark Cleopatra as reigning “not as Egyptian conquerer but as a Seleucid queen.”

463. SELEUCIS and PIERIA, Antioch. Galba. AD 68-69. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 14.33 g, 12h). Dated RY 2 (AD 68/9). Bare head right / Eagle standing left on wreath, with wings spread, holding wreath in beak; palm frond to left, ЄTOYC B (date) in exergue. McAlee 308; Prieur 100; RPC I 4198. Good VF, lightly toned, roughness on obverse. Great portrait. ($1500)

The Fall of Jerusalem

464. SELEUCIS and PIERIA, Antioch. Vespasian. AD 69-79. AR Tetradrachm (29mm, 14.65 g, 12h). Dated “New Holy Year” 3 (AD 70/1). Laureate head right / ЄTOYC NЄOY IЄPOY • Γ (date), eagle standing left on club, with wings spread, holding wreath in beak; palm frond to left. McAlee 346; Prieur 124; RPC II 1955. VF, artificial tone, a little overcleaned. Rare. ($500) The date “Holy Year” 3 coincides with the fall of Jerusalem in August of AD 70.

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465. SELEUCIS and PIERIA, Antioch. Trajan. AD 98-117. AR Didrachm (21mm, 6.81 g, 6h). Struck AD 98-99. Laureate head of Trajan right / Draped bust of Atargatis left, wearing cylindrical headdress, holding scepter and distaff(?). McAlee 481/2 (this coin illustrated); Metcalf 58 corr. (obv. legend, Caesarea); Sydenham 174 (Caesarea); RPC III 3575. Near EF, toned. ($500) Ex Freeman & Sear 11 (23 November 2004), lot 234.

First Issue with the Portrait of a Jewish King

466. JUDAEA, Herodians. Herod IV Philip, with Augustus. 4 BCE-34 CE. Æ (21.5mm, 7.12 g, 12h). Caesarea Philippi (Panias) mint. Dated RY 5 (1/2 CE). [KAICA]PO[C] CЄ[BA]CTOY, bare head of Augustus right / ΦIΛIΠΠOV [T]ЄTPA[PXOV], bare head of Herod Philip right; L-E (date) across field. Meshorer 95; Hendin 1219; cf. Sofaer 117 (year 3?); RPC I 4938. Fine, earthen green patina, minor cleaning marks. Extremely rare. ($3000) This issue was the first to carry the portrait of a Jewish King. David Hendin (p. 257) notes: “Philip was able to immortalize his face on his coins largely because so few Jews lived in the territories over which he ruled. Jews would have taken this act as an insult and violation of the Mosaic Law against ‘graven images’.” Philip is repeatedly mentioned in the New Testament (see Matthew 14.3; Mark 6.17-29; Luke 3.1, 3.19).

468 467 467. JUDAEA, Herodians. Agrippa II, with Vespasian. Circa 50-100 CE. Æ Medallion (34mm, 24.97 g, 12h). Caesarea Panias mint. Dated year 27 of Agrippa’s first era (75/6 CE). Laureate head of Vespasian right / Tyche standing left, holding rudder set on globe in right hand, cornucopia in left; ETO[VC K]Z (date) in legend. Meshorer 167a = Sofaer 236 = RPC II 2282.1 var. (star in rev. field); Hendin 1287 var. (same). VF, dark green-brown patina, some roughness and pitting. Bold portrait. An extremely rare variant. ($1000) Ex Roma XIII (23 March 2017), lot 489 (hammer £2,600). A smaller module issue without the star, but with a laureate and draped bust on obverse, was also struck (Meshorer 167b; Hendin 1287a). See CNG 96, lot 671, for another example of this rare variant, incorrectly identified as Samel 196 (a smaller module example).

468. JUDAEA, Herodians. Agrippa II, with Titus & Domitian. Circa 50-100 CE. Æ (28mm, 18.65 g, 12h). Caesarea Panias mint. Dated year 27 of Agrippa’s first era (75/6 CE). Confronted, laureate heads of Titus and Domitian / Pan advancing left, playing pipes and holding pedum; [crescent] to upper left, tree trunk to right, [ETOVC KZ] in legend. Meshorer 168; Hendin 1286; Sofaer 238-9; RPC II 2284. Good Fine, earthen green patina, some roughness. Very rare. ($1000) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 102 (18 May 2016), lot 759.

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469 470 469. JUDAEA, Aelia Capitolina (Jerusalem). Caracalla. AD 198-217. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 13.61 g, 12h). Struck AD 215-217. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Eagle standing facing on vine branch with three grape bunches, head and tail left, with wings spread, holding wreath in beak; wine jar between legs. Meshorer, Aelia 91 = Sofaer 81 = Prieur 1634 (citing 1). VF, toned, some porosity. Extremely rare. ($500) 470. JUDAEA, Gaza. Diadumenian. As Caesar, AD 217-218. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 12.67 g, 12h). Bareheaded and draped bust right / Eagle standing facing on club, head and tail left, with wings spread, holding wreath in beak; symbol of Marnas in upper right field, star between legs. Prieur 1698 (citing 3). Good VF, toned, some light porosity. Very rare, one of six on CoinArchives. ($1500) From the Fendi Collection. Ex Heritage 3042 (17 September 2015), lot 29156.

The Relationship Between Sepphoris and Rome

471. JUDAEA, Sepphoris (Diocaesarea). Elagabalus. AD 218-222. Æ (24mm, 16.42 g, 6h). Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / ΔIO K I/[E]P I ACVΛ/ AVT Π Π Φ C/[I]EP BC K/Δ PΩ in five lines within wreath. Meshorer, Sepphoris p. 168, 4 var.; Sofaer 16 var.; Rosenberger 14 var.; BMC 28 var. (all with slightly different rev. legend). Fine, dark green patina. Very rare. ($500) Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 291 (21 November 2012), lot 277. Similar reverse types were struck under both Caracalla (198-217 CE) and Elagabalus (218-222 CE). Their reigns overlapped the life of Rabbi Yehudah Ha-nasi (b. 135, d. about 220 CE), who lived in Sepphoris and was chief redactor and editor of the Jewish oral law called the Mishnah. Since the time of the Jewish War, when Sepphoris remained “pacifist” (according to Josephus), the city had an unusual relationship with Rome (Sepphoris was also called Irenopolis, or city of peace). This coin, conceived and authorized by the council of Sepphoris, carries an important reverse legend, clearly stating a special relationship between Rabbi Yehudah’s Sepphoris and Rome. Meshorer reconstructed these highly abbreviated and slightly differing legends as “Diocaesarea the Holy, City of Shelter, Autonomous, Loyal (a treaty of) friendship and alliance with the Romans” (Meshorer, Y. “Sepphoris and Rome” in Mørkholm, O. and Waggoner, N. [eds.], Greek Numismatics and Archaeology: Essays in Honor of Margaret Thompson, Wettern, Belgium, p. 167). Kraay reconstructs it with a slight difference: “Diocaesarea the Holy, City of Shelter, Autonomous, loyal friends and allies with the Holy Council (i.e., the Senate) and the People of Rome” (Kraay, C.M. “Jewish Friends and Allies of Rome,” American Numismatic Society Museum Notes 25 [1980], pp. 56). [Our thanks to David Hendin for providing this note.]

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Hercules’ Tenth Labor – The Cattle of Geryon

472. EGYPT, Alexandria. Antoninus Pius. AD 138-161. Æ Drachm (32mm, 20.63 g, 12h). Dated RY 10 (AD 146/7). Laureate head right / L ΔЄ-KA-TOV (date), Hercules standing left, grabbing horn of one of two bulls of Geryon with right hand, holding club and lion’s skin in left; at feet to left, the dead body of Eurytion lying left. Köln 1542; Dattari (Savio) 2621; K&G 35.341; Emmett 1542.10 (R4). Fine, even green patina. Very rare. ($1000) For his tenth labor, Herakles was required to travel to Erytheia to capture the Cattle of Geryon. En route, while crossing the Libyan Desert, he became so frustrated at the heat that he shot an arrow at Helios. Admiring the hero’s courage, Helios gave him the golden cup, which Helios used to sail nightly across the Ocean from west to east, and Herakles used it to help him reach Erytheia. Upon arriving there, Herakles was confronted by the two-headed watchdog, Orthros, and the herdsman Eurytion, each of whom he killed with his club. Hearing what was happening, Geryon, armed with three shields, three spears, and wearing three helmets, pursued Herakles to the River Anthemus. Once there, Herakles shot Geryon dead with an arrow he had poisoned with the blood of the Lernaean Hydra. To annoy Herakles as he drove the cattle back to Eurystheus, Hera sent a gadfly to scatter the herd by biting them. After a year’s labor, Herakles recovered the herd, but was further hindered by a flood, also caused by the goddess. Herakles eventually returned to Tiryns, and Eurystheus sacrificed the cattle to Hera.

473. EGYPT, Alexandria. Zenobia. Usurper, AD 268-272. Potin Tetradrachm (20mm, 8.96 g, 12h). Dated RY 5 of Vaballathus (AD 272). Diademed and draped bust right / Elpis advancing left, holding flower and lifting hem of skirt; L-Є (date) across field. Köln 3065; Dattari (Savio) 5511; K&G 108.1; Emmett 3911.5. VF, red-brown surfaces. Rare. ($2000) From the D. C. Kopen Collection, purchased from Harlan J. Berk.

474. CYRENAICA, Cyrene. Trajan. AD 98-117. AR Hemidrachm (16mm, 1.81 g, 7h). Struck AD 100. Laureate head of Trajan right / Horned head of Zeus-Ammon right. Sydenham 178; RPC III 3. Near EF, attractively toned. ($300)

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ROMAN REPUBLICAN COINAGE A Spanish Conundrum

475. Anonymous. Circa 3rd-2nd century BC. PB Quadrans(?) (86mm, 598 g, 10h). Uncertain mint in Spain(?). Head right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet (Mars or Minerva?) / Horse leaping left on ground line; • • • above. Unpublished, nothing similar listed in CPM. As made, warm brown patina, some roughness on reverse, deep gouge on cheek. ($3000) The present lead enigma is unlike anything this cataloger has ever seen. The Republican aes grave-like size and denominational markers suggest that it could be a quadrans or teruncius from sometime around or before the Second Punic War. Stylistically, some comparison can be made to the Roman didrachm/litra coinage of circa 240-230 BC (Crawford 27/1, 26/1, and 25/1). The piece originates from Spain, but either of these periods would vastly predate the majority of the Iberian lead pieces, which were mostly civic or private issues of the mid 1st century BC or later. It is also significantly larger and more official in nature than any of the lead tokens or coins from the ancient world. Perhaps it is a lead substitute currency, but that would require a tremendous leap in thinking for a culture that still effectively viewed bronze as a precious metal. It cannot be a lead ingot, as those were never so finely formed and circular as this, and we can find no weight standard in which it would fit. We welcome suggestion or comment.

476. Anonymous. Circa 225-214 BC. AR Didrachm – Quadrigatus (21mm, 6.67 g, 6h). Rome mint. Laureate head of Janus / Jupiter, hurling thunderbolt and holding scepter, in quadriga right driven by Victory; in exergue, rOÂa in relief within linear frame. Crawford 28/3; Sydenham 65; RSC 24; RBW 68. Near EF, deeply toned. ($750) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection.

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477. Anonymous. Circa 225-214 BC. AR Drachm – Half Quadrigatus (17mm, 3.23 g, 6h). Rome mint. Laureate head of Janus / Jupiter, hurling thunderbolt and holding scepter, in quadriga left driven by Victory; rOÂa in relief in exergue. Crawford 28/4; Sydenham 67; RSC 25; RBW 73. Good VF, toned, small flan crack. Well struck for issue. Rare denomination. ($1000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 90 (23 May 2012), lot 1290.

478. M. Marcius Mn.f. 134 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.91 g, 5h). Rome mint. Helmeted head of Roma right; modius to left, • (mark of value) below chin / Victory, holding whip and reins, driving biga right; two grain ears below. Crawford 245/1; Sydenham 500; Marcia 8; RBW 1009. Superb EF, lightly toned, very minor planchet flaws. Bold strike. ($500) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Gemini XI (12 January 2014), lot 342 (hammer $800).

479. M. Aburius M.f. Geminus. 132 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.91 g, 4h). Rome mint. Helmeted head of Roma right; • (mark of value) below chin / Sol, holding whip and reins, driving quadriga right. Crawford 250/1; Sydenham 487; Aburia 6; RBW 1027. Superb EF, dark iridescent tone. ($500) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection.

480

481

480. Q. Caecilius Metellus. 130 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.93 g, 12h). North Italian mint. Diademed head of Pietas right; to right, stork standing right / Elephant walking left. Crawford 374/1; Sydenham 750; Caecilia 43; RBW 1396. VF, iridescent tone. ($300) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection.

481. Ti. Quinctius. 112-111 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.94 g, 7h). Rome mint. Laureate bust of Hercules left, seen from behind, wearing lion’s skin, with club over shoulder / Two horses galloping left, a desultor riding the nearest one; B above; below, rat left; D • Í • Í on tablet in exergue. Crawford 297/1a; Sydenham 563; Quinctia 6; RBW 1139 var. (rat to right). VF, iridescent tone. ($200) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection.

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482 483 482. M. Herennius. 108-107 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.85 g, 11h). Rome mint. Diademed head of Pietas right / Amphinomus carrying his father right; •A to right. Crawford 308/1b; Sydenham 567a; Herennia 1a; RBW 1149 var. (letter on rev.). Good VF, dark iridescent tone. ($300) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection.

483. Q. Thermus M.f. 103 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.96 g, 11h). Rome mint. Head of Mars left, wearing crested helmet ornamented with plume and annulet / Two warriors fighting, each armed with sword and shield; the one on the left protects a fallen comrade, that on the right wears horned helmet. Crawford 319/1; Sydenham 592; Minucia 19; RBW 1174. Good VF, toned. ($300) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection.

484

485

484. P. Cornelius Lentulus Marcellinus. 100 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.36 g, 9h). Rome mint. Bareeaded bust of Hercules right, seen from behind, wearing lion’s skin, with club over shoulder; shield to left, •/A/• to right / Roma standing facing, holding spear, being crowned by Genius of the Roman People to right; •/A/• to left; all within laurel wreath. Crawford 329/1b; Sydenham 604a; Cornelia 25a; RBW –. Good VF, toned, minor surface crack on reverse. ($300) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Nancy Walsh Collection (Gemini XI, 12 January 2014), lot 355; Berk BBS 80 (18 January 1994), lot 670.

485. C. Vibius C.f. Pansa. 90 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 4.14 g, 11h). Rome mint. Laureate head of Apollo right; g below chin / Minerva, holding trophy, reins, and spear, driving quadriga right. Crawford 342/5b; Sydenham 684; Vibia 2; RBW 1287 var. (control on obv.). Near EF, deeply toned, scratch under tone on obverse. ($200) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection.

486. C. Vibius C.f. Pansa. 90 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.96 g, 12h). Rome mint. Laureate head of Apollo right; star below chin / Minerva, holding trophy, reins, and spear, driving quadriga right. Crawford 342/5b; Sydenham 684; Vibia 2; RBW 1287 var. (control on obv.). Good VF, toned, obverse die break. ($200) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection.

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Marsic Confederation

487. The Social War. Coinage of the Marsic Confederation. 90-88 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.62 g, 11h). Mint in Campania; C. Papius C.f. Mutilus, moneyer. Draped bust of Mars right, wearing slight beard and crested Corinthian helmet with plume at side; √iLETˆW (viteliú in Oscan) to left; behind neck, x (mark of value) with pellet above and below / Oathtaking scene: youth kneeling left, head right, holding pig, at which four standing soldiers (two on each side) point their swords; • c • ˆiPaaP • c (c. paapii. c. in Oscan) in exergue. Campana, Monetazione, Series 4, 84i (D53/R73 – this coin); Sydenham 637; HN Italy 425; BMCRR Social War 35-6; RBW 1225. EF, deep cabinet tone, hairline flan crack, small chip at reverse edge. Rare. ($5000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 83 (20 May 2015), lot 318 (hammer CHF 7500); Münzen und Medaillen AG 52 (19 June 1975), lot 332. The revolt of Rome’s Italian allies (<i>socii</i>, hence ‘Social War’) broke out toward the end of 91 BC and was the culmination of long standing grievances occasioned by the Senate’s inept handling of Rome’s relations with its longtime Italian allies, who sought equal rights with Roman citizens. The Marsi were especially prominent in this movement, hence the name ‘Marsic Confederation,’ which is often applied to the rebel state. The main fighting was in the years 90-89 BC and the rebellion assumed alarming proportions when both consuls for 90 BC were defeated by rebel armies. Rome appeared to be in serious danger of defeat and was thus forced to grant Roman citizenship to the rebels. Thereafter, all of Italy south of the Po was united by this common bond. The coinage of the Marsic Confederation is of great interest, consisting principally of silver denarii, some of which bear the names of the rebel generals. This specimen records a certain Caius Papius [Mutilus], consul of the rebel state and commander of the Samnite forces. Mutilus was defeated by Sulla in the later stages of the war and his subsequent history is uncertain, though it is possible that he survived to extreme old age when a wealthy man described as “a leader of the Samnites during the Social War” was proscribed by the Triumviral government in 43 BC (cf. Appian, Civil Wars, iv. 25). The reverse depicts an oath-taking scene symbolizing the unity of the confederation of Italian states. Interestingly, the entire coin type is closely modeled on an issue of the moneyer Tiberius Veturius whose coinage is dated by Crawford (234/1) to circa 137 BC. Veturius’ reverse shows two soldiers taking the oath and is generally interpreted as referring to an agreement made with the Samnites in 321 BC (treaty of Caudium). This would have made it especially appropriate for an issue of the Samnite leader in the Social War.

488 489 488. L. Rubrius Dossenus. 87 BC. AR Denarius (17mm, 4.17 g, 9h). Rome mint. Helmeted bust of Minerva right, wearing aegis / Triumphal quadriga right, surmounted by Victory in biga right. Crawford 348/3; Sydenham 707; Rubria 3; RBW 1324. Good VF, toned. ($200) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection.

489. L. Sulla. 84-83 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 4.00 g, 12h). Military mint moving with Sulla. Diademed head of Venus right; to right, Cupid standing left, holding palm frond / Capis and lituus between two trophies. Crawford 359/2; Sydenham 761a; Cornelia 30; RBW 1364. Good VF, iridescent tone. ($300) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection.

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490 491 490. C. Norbanus. 83 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.85 g). Brockage strike. Rome mint. Diademed head of Venus right; Cuiiii to left / Incuse of obverse. Cf. Crawford 357/1b; cf. Sydenham 739; cf. Norbana 2; cf. RBW 1363 (different numeral). VF, iridescent tone. ($200) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection.

491. Pub. Crepusius. 82 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.95 g, 12h). Rome mint. Laureate head of Apollo right, with scepter over shoulder; O below chin / Horseman galloping right, brandishing spear; uiii to left. Crawford 361/1b; Sydenham 738; Crepusia 1a; RBW 1368 var. (controls). Near EF, toned. ($200) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection.

492 493 492. L. Censorinus. 82 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 4.02 g, 3h). Rome mint. Laureate head of Apollo right / Marsyas standing left, holding wineskin over shoulder, before column surmounted by statue. Crawford 363/1d; Sydenham 737; Marcia 24; RBW 1372. EF, toned. ($300) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection.

Sulla Returns to Rome 493. L. Sulla and L. Manlius Torquatus. 82 BC. AR Denarius (20mm, 3.96 g, 6h). Military mint moving with Sulla. Helmeted head of Roma right / Sulla, holding branch and reins, driving triumphal quadriga right; above, Victory flying left, crowning him with laurel wreath. Crawford 367/5; Sydenham 757; Manlia 4; RBW 1386 var. (rev. legend). Near EF, toned, minor obverse die rust. ($500) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. As consul for the year 88 BC, Sulla was awarded the coveted assignment of suppressing the revolt of Mithradates VI of Pontus, but political maneuvers resulted in this assignment being transferred to Marius. In response, Sulla turned his army on Rome, captured it, and reclaimed his command against Mithradates. His prosecution of the first Mithradatic War was successful, but he spared the Pontic king for personal gain. In 83 BC, Sulla returned to Italy as an outlaw, but he was able to win the support of many of the leading Romans. Within a year he fought his way to Rome, where he was elected dictator. It was during this campaign to Rome that this denarius was struck. The obverse type represents Sulla’s claim to be acting in Rome’s best interest. The reverse shows Sulla enjoying the highest honor to which a Roman could aspire, the celebration of a triumph at Rome.

494. A. Postumius A.f. Sp.n. Albinus. 81 BC. AR Serrate Denarius (20mm, 3.90 g, 9h). Rome mint. Draped bust of Diana right, with bow and quiver over shoulder; bucranium above / Togate figure standing left on rock, holding aspergillum over head of ox standing right; lighted altar between them. Crawford 372/1; Sydenham 745; Postumia 7; RBW 1392. Good VF. ($300) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. This type refers to the Battle of Lake Regillus (circa 496 BC), at which the Roman army, under the command of A. Postumius Albus, defeated the Latin League, led by Tarquin the Proud, the former king of Rome. Prior to the battle, the Romans made a special sacrifice to Diana at her temple on the Aventine Hill.

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495 496 495. L. Sulla. Circa 81 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.73 g, 12h). Uncertain mint. Diademed head of Venus right / Double cornucopia filled with fruit and flowers, bound with fillet; œ below. Crawford 375/2; Sydenham 755; Cornelia 33; RBW 1398. Good VF, lightly toned. ($300) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection.

496. C. Poblicius Q.f. 80 BC. AR Serrate Denarius (20mm, 4.01 g, 3h). Rome mint. Helmeted and draped bust of Roma right; e above / Hercules standing left, strangling Nemean Lion; club at his feet, E and bow and arrows to left. Crawford 380/1; Sydenham 768; Poblicia 9; RBW 1408 var. (controls). Near EF, attractively toned, a few faint scratches under tone. ($300) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Nancy Walsh Collection (Gemini XI, 12 January 2014), lot 361 (hammer $700); Berk BBS 142 (15 March 2005), lot 159.

497 498 497. L. Papius. 79 BC. AR Serrate Denarius (18mm, 3.87 g, 7h). Rome mint. Head of Juno Sospita right, wearing goat-skin headdress; spathomele (spatula) to left / Griffin springing right; medical case(?) below. Crawford 384/1 (controls 142); Sydenham 773; Papia 1; CNR Papia 1/88; RBW 1412-3 var. (controls). Good VF, iridescent tone, a few minor marks. ($200) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection.

498. P. Satrienus. 77 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.97 g, 1h). Rome mint. Helmeted head of young Mars right; uiii to left / She-wolf standing left, with forepaw raised. Crawford 388/1b; Sydenham 781a; Satriena 1; RBW 1422 var. (numeral on obv.). Good VF, iridescent tone. ($300) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection.

500 499 499. M. Volteius M.f. 75 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.99 g, 4h). Rome mint. Head of Bacchus (or Liber) right, wearing ivy wreath / Ceres, holding torch in each hand, standing in chariot drawn by biga of snakes right; key to left. Crawford 385/3; Sydenham 776; Volteia 3; RBW 1416 var. (symbol on rev.). Good VF, iridescent tone. ($200) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection.

500. L. Cassius Q.f. Longinus. 75 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.95 g, 12h). Rome mint. Head of Bacchus (or Liber) right, wearing ivy wreath, with thyrsus over shoulder / Head of Libera left, wearing vine wreath. Crawford 386/1; Sydenham 779; Cassia 6; RBW 1419. Good VF, darkly toned, two bankers’ marks on reverse. ($200) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection.

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501

502

501. L. Rustius. 74 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.80 g, 4h). Rome mint. Helmeted head of young Mars right; • (mark of value) below chin / Ram standing right. Crawford 389/1; Sydenham 782; Rustia 1; RBW 1423. VF, toned. ($200) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection.

502. P. Galba. 69 BC. AR Denarius (17mm, 3.80 g, 6h). Rome mint. Veiled and draped bust of Vesta right / Emblems of the pontificate: secespita, simpulum, and securis. Crawford 406/1; Sydenham 839; Sulpicia 7; RBW 1454. Good VF, toned. ($300) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection.

503. Q. Fufius Calenus and Mucius Cordus. 68 BC. AR Serrate Denarius (20mm, 4.02 g, 5h). Rome mint. Jugate heads right of Honos, laureate, and Virtus, wearing crested helmet / Italia standing right, holding cornucopia and clasping hands with Roma standing left, with right foot on globe, holding scepter; winged caduceus to left. Crawford 403/1; Sydenham 797; Fufia 1; RBW 1445. Superb EF, attractive iridescent tone, metal flaw on obverse. ($500) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection.

504. C. Hosidius C.f. Geta. 64 BC. AR Denarius (17mm, 3.97 g, 6h). Rome mint. Diademed and draped bust of Diana right, with bow and quiver over shoulder / Calydonian Boar standing right, pierced by spear and harried by hound below. Crawford 407/2; Sydenham 903; Hosidia 1; RBW 1456. EF, deep iridescent tone. ($500) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection.

505. M. Piso M.f. Frugi. 58 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.87 g, 6h). Rome mint. Terminal bust of Mercury right; to left, star above wreath; calix below chin / Â • piÍO Â F/ Frugi above secespita and patera; all within laurel wreath. Crawford 418/2b; Sydenham 825; Calpurnia 23; RBW 1505. VF, toned. Scarce. ($750) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Nancy Walsh Collection (Gemini XI, 12 January 2014), lot 369; Berk BBS 125 (27 February 2002), lot 330.

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506

507

506. M. Plaetorius M.f. Cestianus. 57 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.96 g, 6h). Rome mint. Winged bust of Vacuna right, wearing crested and laureate helmet, with bow and quiver over shoulder; cornucopia below chin / Eagle standing right on thunderbolt, head left. Crawford 409/1; Sydenham 809; Plaetoria 4; RBW 1482. EF, iridescent tone, surface cracks and light die rust on obverse. ($300) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection.

The End of the Jugurthine War 507. Faustus Cornelius Sulla. 56 BC. AR Denarius (20mm, 3.83 g, 6h). Rome mint. Diademed and draped bust of Diana right; lituus to left / Sulla, togate, seated left on elevated chair; on left, Bocchus, king of Mauretania, kneels right, offering an olive branch; to right, Jugurtha, king of Numidia, kneels left, his hands bound behind him. Crawford 426/1; Sydenham 879; Cornelia 59; RBW 1525. Good VF, toned, a hint of porosity, banker’s mark on obverse. A historically interesting type. ($500) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Faustus was the son of Lucius Cornelius Sulla, the famous general and dictator of Rome (138-78 BC). The coin portrays Sulla’s first great victory, in which he ended the Jugurthine War. Jugurtha, grandson of Massinissa of Numidia, had claimed the entire kingdom of Numidia and divided it between several members of the royal family, in defiance of Roman decrees. Rome declared war on Jugurtha in 111 BC, but for five years the wily king frustrated all efforts to bring him to heel. Finally, in 106 the popular general Marius was assigned command, with Sulla as quaestor in charge of cavalry. Before Marius could take to the field against the enemy, however, Sulla arranged with his ally Bocchus of Mauretania to have Jugurtha ambushed and captured. Sulla was acclaimed for the bloodless end of the war, gaining his first victory and the eternal enmity of Marius.

508 509 508. Faustus Cornelius Sulla. 56 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.66 g, 6h). Rome mint. Laureate, diademed, and draped bust of Venus right, with scepter over shoulder / Three military trophies; capis to left, lituus to right, FAuÍTuÍ monogram in exergue. Crawford 426/3; Sydenham 884; Cornelia 63; RBW 1528. Good VF, toned, a few minor marks under tone. ($300) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.12857 (Triton XVII, 6 January 2014), lot 546.

509. Q. Cassius Longinus. 55 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.83 g, 12h). Rome mint. Veiled head of Vesta right / Curule chair within Temple of Vesta; urn to left, voting tablet inscribed AC (Absolvo Condemno) to right. Crawford 428/1; Sydenham 917; Cassia 9; RBW 1533. VF, bankers’ marks and a few scratches on obverse. ($300) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection.

510. P. Fonteius P.f. Capito. 55 BC. AR Denarius (16mm, 3.97 g, 7h). Rome mint. Helmeted and draped bust of Mars right, with trophy over shoulder / Warrior on horseback galloping right, thrusting spear at kneeling enemy in Gallic helmet, who holds sword and shield; to lower left, a second enemy warrior kneeling right; Gallic helmet and shield to lower right. Crawford 429/1; Sydenham 900; Fonteia 17; RBW 1536. EF, attractive iridescent tone. ($300) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection.

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511. Q. Servilius Caepio (M. Junius) Brutus. 54 BC. AR Denarius (20mm, 3.84 g, 8h). Rome mint. Head of Libertas right / The consul L. Junius Brutus walking left between two lictors, each carrying axe over shoulder, and preceded by an accensus. Crawford 433/1; Sydenham 906a; Junia 31a; RBW 1542. Near EF, toned. ($500) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection.

Ex Knobloch Collection

512. Q. Servilius Caepio (M. Junius) Brutus. 54 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.46 g, 7h). Rome mint. Bare head of L. Junius Brutus right / Bare head of C. Servilius Ahala right. Crawford 433/2; Sydenham 907; Junia 30; RBW 1543. Near EF, deep cabinet tone, light scratch in obverse field. ($1000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Roma IX (22 March 2015), lot 546; Tradart (18 November 1993), lot 179; The Numismatic Auction 2 (12 December 1983), lot 251; Frederick Knobloch Collection (Stack’s, 3 May 1978), lot 251.

513. Q. Servilius Caepio (M. Junius) Brutus. 54 BC. AR Denarius (17mm, 3.91 g, 7h). Rome mint. Bare head of L. Junius Brutus right / Bare head of C. Servilius Ahala right. Crawford 433/2; Sydenham 907; Junia 30; RBW 1543. Good VF, iridescent tone, light porosity. ($750) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection.

514. C. Servilius C.f. 53 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.86 g, 3h). Rome mint. Head of Flora right, wearing wreath of flowers; lituus to left / Two warriors facing each other, each holding shield and sword. Crawford 423/1; Sydenham 890; Servilia 15; RBW 1521. EF, attractive cabinet tone. ($500) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection.

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515 516 515. C. Coelius Caldus. 53 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.87 g, 7h). Rome mint. Bare head of C. Coelius Caldus right; to left, L • D inscribed on tablet / Radiate head of Sol right; behind, Í above oval shield decorated with thunderbolt; round shield below chin. Crawford 437/1b; Sydenham 892; Coelia 5; RBW 1550. Near EF, lightly toned, minor reverse die rust. ( $300) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection.

516. C. Coelius Caldus. 53 BC. AR Denarius (17mm, 3.97 g, 11h). Rome mint. Bare head of C. Coelius Caldus right; to left, signum inscribed hiÍ; below chin, boar atop signum / Veiled figure seated left on lectisternium inscribed L • CALDuÍ/ uii • æ • ep in two lines; trophies flanking. Crawford 437/2b; Sydenham 895; Coelia 9; RBW 1551 var. (arrangement of rev. legend). EF, attractively toned, reverse off center. ($500) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. This issue celebrates the achievements of the moneyer’s ancestor of the same name, who was consul in 94 BC. The left and right standards on the obverse refer to his governorship of Hispania Citerior (“Nearer Spain”) and his defeat of the Salluvii of Gaul, respectively.

517 518 517. Moneyer issues of Imperatorial Rome. L. Hostilius Saserna. 48 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.90 g, 7h). Rome mint. Bare head of Gallia right; carnyx (Gallic trumpet) to left / Diana standing facing, holding stag leaping left by its antlers and spear. Crawford 448/3; CRI 19; Sydenham 953; Hostilia 4; RBW 1570. EF, toned, two bankers’ marks on obverse, scratch in reverse field. ($500) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection.

518. Moneyer issues of Imperatorial Rome. L. Plautius Plancus. 47 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.78 g, 4h). Rome mint. Facing mask of Medusa with disheveled hair; coiled serpents flanking / Victory (or winged Aurora) flying right, head slightly left, holding reins and conducting four rearing horses of the sun. Crawford 453/1a-b CRI 29; Sydenham 959-959a; Plautia 15-15a; RBW 1583-4. EF, lightly toned with some iridescence around devices. ($750) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection.

519. Moneyer issues of Imperatorial Rome. L. Plautius Plancus. 47 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.51 g, 4h). Rome mint. Facing mask of Medusa with disheveled hair / Victory (or winged Aurora) flying right, head slightly left, holding reins and conducting four rearing horses of the sun. Crawford 453/1c CRI 29a; Sydenham 959b; Plautia 14; RBW 1585. Superb EF, toned, edge chip on obverse. Wonderful reverse. ($750) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Nomos 13 (7 October 2016), lot 257.

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Tools for Striking Coinage

520. Moneyer issues of Imperatorial Rome. T. Carisius. 46 BC. A Denarius (18mm, 3.65 g, 5h). Rome mint. Head of Juno Moneta right; ÂONeTA to left / Implements for coining money: anvil die with garlanded punch die above, tongs and hammer on either side; all within laurel wreath. Crawford 464/2; CRI 70; Sydenham 982b; Carisia 1b. EF, darkly toned, reverse slightly off center. ($500) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Eucharius Collection (Roma XI, 7 April 2016), lot 696. A temple to Juno Moneta (Juno “the Advisor”) was dedicated on the Capitoline Hill in 344 BC and its grounds served as Rome’s first mint. The association between this temple and the minting of coinage was such that the English words “mint,” “money,” and “monetary” derive from “moneta.”

Finely Detailed Venatio

521. Moneyer issues of Imperatorial Rome. L. Livineius Regulus. 42 BC. AR Denarius (17mm, 4.08 g, 3h). Rome mint. Bare head right / Venatio scene: in foreground, lion charging right toward a bestiarius who spears it; in background on left, a wounded bear sits right; on right, another bestiarius, holding sword and shield, defends himself against a tiger charging left. Crawford 494/30; CRI 179; Sydenham 1112; Livineia 12; RBW 1735. EF, attractively toned, a little off center, minor flaw on obverse. Rare, particularly with such a detailed reverse. ($2000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Eucharius Collection (Roma XI, 7 April 2016), lot 706 (hammer £2800). This popular type depicts a venatio, a contest between bestiarii and various animals. Such activities served as the morning entertainment during a day at the games, with the “main event” – the gladiatorial contests – taking place in the afternoon.

Ex Brand Collection

522. Moneyer issues of Imperatorial Rome. P. Clodius M.f. Turrinus. 42 BC. AV Aureus (20mm, 7.34 g, 10h). Rome mint. Radiate head of Sol right; quiver to left / Crescent surrounded by five stars; p • CLODiu[Í]/ Â • F • in two lines below. Crawford 494/20a; CRI 181a; Calicó 9; Sydenham 1114a; BMCRR Rome 4285; RBW 1725; Biaggi 19 var. (no quiver on obv.). VF, ex jewelry with some rounding and flatness at edge. Very rare. ($3000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex G. Hirsch (13 February 2014), lot 2013; Randy Haviland Collection (Gemini X, 13 January 2013), lot 306; Berk BBS 138 (1 June 2004), lot 22; Glendining’s (9 October 1989), lot 692; Virgil M. Brand Collection (Part V, Sotheby’s, 1 February 1984), lot 371, purchased from J. Schulman, 1900.

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523. Moneyer issues of Imperatorial Rome. C. Vibius Varus. 42 BC. AV Aureus (20mm, 8.10 g, 9h). Rome mint. Laureate head of Apollo right / Venus, half nude and seen from behind, standing left beside a column, looking at herself in mirror; C • uiBiuÍ upward to left, uAruÍ upward to right. Crawford 494/34; CRI 190; Calicó 33a; Sydenham 1137; BMCRR Rome 4300; RBW 1738; Biaggi 23. Good VF, underlying luster, a few minor marks. Excellent for issue. ($10,000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group XXVI (6 November 1993), lot 420; Münzen und Medaillen AG 52 (19 June 1975), lot 447.

524. Special issues. L. Cestius and C. Norbanus. May-August 43 BC. AV Aureus (20mm, 8.05 g, 9h). Rome mint. Draped bust of Sibyl(?) right, hair in bands and knotted behind; C • NOrBANuÍ above, pr to right, L • CeÍTiuÍ below / Cybele, turreted, holding patera, enthroned on car drawn by two lions left; Í • C to upper left. Crawford 491/2; CRI 196; Calicó 5a; Sydenham 1155; BMCRR Rome 4194; RBW 1719; Biaggi 25. Near EF, underlying luster, light surface roughness. ($7500) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 41 (20 November 2007), lot 23; Marian A. Sinton Collection (Triton III, 30 December 1999), lot 829.

525. The Pompeians. Q. Caecilius Metellus Pius Scipio and Eppius. 47- Spring 46 BC. AR Denarius (16mm, 3.94 g, 6h). Military mint traveling with Scipio in Africa. Head of Africa right, wearing elephant’s skin headdress; stalk of grain to right, plow below / Hercules standing facing, with hand on hip, leaning on club draped with lion’s skin and set on rock. Crawford 461/1; CRI 44; Sydenham 1051; Caecilia 50a; RBW 1605. Good VF, iridescent tone, a couple scratches on obverse. ($500) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection.

526. The Pompeians. Sextus Pompey. 42-38 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.86 g, 6h). Massilia (Marseilles) mint; Q. Nasidius, commander of the fleet. Bare head of Pompey the Great right; trident to left, dolphin below / Galley with bank of rowers right, under full sail, helmsman steering rudder, hortator standing on prow; star to upper left. Crawford 483/2; CRI 235; Sydenham 1350; RSC 20 (Pompey the Great); RBW 1698. Good VF, light scratches beneath old tone, some striking weakness, banker’s mark on obverse. ($1000) 146


Sextus Pompey Aureus

527. The Pompeians. Sextus Pompey. 37/6 BC. AV Aureus (20mm, 7.84 g, 2h). Uncertain Sicilian mint. Bare head of Sextus Pompey right; ÂAg • piuÍ • iÂp • iTer around; all within oak wreath / Bare heads of Pompey the Great right vis-à-vis Cnaeus Pompey Junior left; lituus to left, tripod to right, pr‰F above, CLAÍ • eT • Or‰/ºiT • ex • Í • C in two lines below. Crawford 511/1; Evans O1/R1; CRI 332; Bahrfeldt 87; Calicó 71a (same obv. die); Sydenham 1346; BMCRR Sicily 13, pl. CXX, 9 (same dies); RBW 1783; Biaggi 48. VF, a number of marks and scuffs, a few edge scrapes, faint banker’s mark below portrait. Very rare. ($20,000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex M. A. Armstrong Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 100, 7 October 2015), lot 1812; Berk 1 (23 March 1995), lot 201.

528. The Pompeians. Sextus Pompey. 37/6 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.51 g, 12h). Uncertain Sicilian mint. Diademed head of Neptune right, with trident over shoulder / Naval trophy with [trident] above and anchor below, prow stem on left and aplustre on right, heads of Scylla and Charybdis at base. Crawford 511/2b; CRI 333; Sydenham 1347; RSC 1a; RBW 1784. Good VF, toned, some minor edge loss. ($1000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Vecchi 6 (9 June 1997), lot 1015.

529. The Pompeians. Sextus Pompey. 37/6 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.52 g, 11h). Uncertain Sicilian mint. Bare head of Pompey the Great right; capis to left, lituus to right, [ÂAg •] piuÍ • iÂp • iTer around / Neptune, naked but for chlamys on left arm, holding aplustre and resting right foot on prow, standing left between the Catanaean brothers Anapias and Amphinomus running in opposite directions, bearing their parents on their shoulders; pr‰F above, CLAÍ • eT • O[r‰/º] iT • ex [• Í • C] in two lines in exergue. Crawford 511/3a; CRI 334; Sydenham 1344; RSC 17 (Pompey the Great); RBW 1785. Choice EF, toned. Wonderful portrait of Pompey the Great. ($3000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Nomos 13 (7 October 2016), lot 261.

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530

531

530. The Caesarians. Julius Caesar. April-August 49 BC. AR Denarius (20mm, 3.71 g, 11h). Military mint traveling with Caesar. Elephant advancing right, trampling on horned serpent / Emblems of the pontificate: simpulum, aspergillum, securis, and apex. Crawford 443/1; CRI 9; Sydenham 1006; RSC 49; RBW 1557. Near EF, toned. ($750) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection.

531. The Caesarians. Julius Caesar. April-August 49 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.71 g, 12h). Military mint traveling with Caesar. Elephant advancing right, trampling on horned serpent / Emblems of the pontificate: simpulum, aspergillum, securis, and apex. Crawford 443/1; CRI 9; Sydenham 1006; RSC 49; RBW 1557. Good VF, toned, a few light scratches on obverse. ($500) From the D. C. Kopen Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 58 (19 September 2001), lot 1032.

532. The Caesarians. Julius Caesar. Late spring-early summer 48 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.77 g, 11h). Military mint traveling with Caesar. Diademed and wreathed female head (Clementia?) right; %ii (= 52, Caesar’s age at time of issue) to left / Gallic trophy, holding oval shield and carnyx; securis to right. Crawford 452/2; CRI 11; Sydenham 1009; RSC 18; RBW –; DCA 937. Near EF, toned, minor deposits, flan crack. ($750) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection.

533. The Caesarians. Julius Caesar. Late 48-47 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.92 g, 6h). Military mint traveling with Caesar in North Africa. Diademed head of Venus right / Aeneas advancing left, holding palladium and bearing Anchises on his shoulder. Crawford 458/1; CRI 55; Sydenham 1013; RSC 12; RBW 1600. EF, rich cabinet tone, faint banker’s mark on neck, small cut on edge. ($1000)

534. The Caesarians. Julius Caesar. Late 48-47 BC. AR Denarius (17mm, 3.76 g, 6h). Military mint traveling with Caesar in North Africa. Diademed head of Venus right / Aeneas advancing left, holding palladium and bearing Anchises on his shoulder. Crawford 458/1; CRI 55; Sydenham 1013; RSC 12; RBW 1600. Near EF, toned. ($500) 148


The Triumph of 45 BC

535. The Caesarians. Julius Caesar. Late 46-early 45 BC. AV Aureus (21mm, 7.98 g, 6h). Rome mint; L. Munatius Plancus, praefectus Urbi. Diademed and draped bust of Victory right; C • CAeÍ DiC • Ter around / Single-handled sacrificial jug; L • pLANC upward to left, prAe • œB downward to right. Crawford 475/1a; CRI 60; Calicó 45; Sydenham 1019-1019a; BMCRR Rome 4118; RBW 1663; Biaggi 29. Good VF, a few marks. ($7500) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Chris J. Krausz Collection (Malter 51, 2 June 1993), lot 137. The aurei of L. Munatius Plancus were distributed during Caesar’s triumph of October 45 BC, celebrating his final defeat of the Pompeians at Munda the previous year. This triumph raised some concerns in Rome, as it marked a victory over fellow Romans, an event never before deserving a triumph. Such actions only heightened the fears in some quarters over Caesar’s intentions, fears which lead to his assassination six months later. Before his murder Caesar appointed Plancus governor of Transalpine Gaul, where he founded the colony of Lugdunum.

Caesar’s Fifth Consulship

536. The Caesarians. Julius Caesar. January 44 BC. AV Aureus (21mm, 8.08 g, 9h). Rome mint. Diademed head of Venus right; CAeÍ DiC upward to left, œuAr downward to right / COÍ • œuiNC within laurel wreath. Crawford 481/1; Alföldi Type II; CRI 117; Calicó 42a; Sydenham 1021; BMCRR Rome 4129; RBW 1694-5; Biaggi 32. Good VF, reverse a bit weak. Well centered. An unusually nice obverse. ($10,000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Gemini V (6 January 2009), lot 772; William H. Williams Collection (Numismatica Ars Classica 46, 2 April 2008), lot 438. Commemorating Caesar’s fourth dictatorship and fifth consulship. Sear (CRI p. 80) suggests that this issue was “intended for distribution to notables at the time of the consular ceremonies.”

Extremely Rare Caesar Sear Plate Coin

537. The Caesarians. Julius Caesar. February-March 44 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.97 g, 6h). Rome mint; P. Sepullius Macer, moneyer. CAeÍAr DiCT perpeTuO, laureate head right / Venus Victrix standing left, holding Victory in extended right hand, scepter in left; p. ÍepuLLiuÍ ÂACer around. Crawford 480/10-11 var. (with shield or star at base of Venus’ scepter); Alföldi Types VI, 12 (A25/R1); CRI 107b.2 (this coin illustrated); Sydenham 1072-3 var. (same); RSC 38, 40 var. (same). Near EF, toned, banker’s mark on cheek, small obverse die breaks. Extremely rare variety. ($3000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Numismatic Fine Arts XXXI (18 March 1993), lot 507; Numismatic Fine Arts (13 May 1991), lot 9. The catalog for the un-numbered NFA auction on 13 May 1991 is the rarest of the NFA catalogs. The sale was held at Caesars Palace in Las Vegas.

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538. The Caesarians. Julius Caesar. February-March 44 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.81 g, 6h). Rome mint; P. Sepullius Macer, moneyer. Laureate and veiled head right / Venus Victrix standing left, holding Victory and scepter; shield set on ground to right. Crawford 480/13; Alföldi Type IX, – (A10/R113 [unlisted die combination]); CRI 107d; Sydenham 1074; RSC 39; RBW 1685. Good VF, toned, banker’s mark on obverse, a few scratches. ($2000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Heritage 3037 (4 January 2015), lot 30121; Numismatica Ars Classica 15 (18 May 1999), lot 209.

539. The Caesarians. Julius Caesar. February-March 44 BC. AR Denarius (20mm, 3.89 g, 6h). Rome mint; P. Sepullius Macer, moneyer. Laureate and veiled head right / Venus Victrix standing left, holding Victory and scepter; shield set on ground to right. Crawford 480/13; Alföldi Type IX, 116 (A28/R20); CRI 107d; Sydenham 1074; RSC 39; RBW 1685. VF, attractively toned, clashed reverse die. Struck on a broad flan. ($2000) From the D. C. Kopen Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 69 (8 June 2005), lot 1360.

540. The Caesarians. Julius Caesar. March-April 44 BC. AR Denarius (17mm, 3.71 g, 8h). Rome mint; M. Mettius, moneyer. Laureate head right / Venus Victrix standing left, holding Victory and scepter, resting her left elbow on shield set on celestial globe; B to left. Crawford 480/17; Alföldi Type XVI, 49-51 (A6/R33); CRI 101; Sydenham 1055; RSC 35; RBW 1686 var. (letter in rev. field). Good VF, toned, minor obverse die break, reverse slightly off center. ($2000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection.

541. The Republicans. C. Cassius Longinus. Spring 42 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.96 g, 6h). Military mint, probably at Smyrna; P. Cornelius Lentulus Spinther, legatus. Filleted tripod surmounted by cortina (cauldron) and two laurel branches / Capis and lituus. Crawford 500/1; CRI 219; Sydenham 1308; RSC 7; RBW 1761. EF, toned. ($1000)

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542. The Republicans. C. Cassius Longinus. Spring 42 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.65 g, 6h). Military mint, probably at Smyrna; P. Cornelius Lentulus Spinther, legatus. Filleted tripod surmounted by cortina (cauldron) and two laurel branches / Capis and lituus. Crawford 500/1; CRI 219; Sydenham 1308; RSC 7; RBW 1761. EF, toned. ($1000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection.

543. The Republicans. C. Cassius Longinus. Spring 42 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.95 g, 6h). Military mint, probably at Smyrna; P. Lentulus Spinther, legatus. Veiled, diademed, and draped bust of Libertas right / Capis and lituus. Crawford 500/5; CRI 223; Sydenham 1305; RSC 6; RBW 1764. EF, toned, light obverse die rust. ($1000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection.

The Capture of Rhodes Cassius’ Final Issue

544. The Republicans. C. Cassius Longinus. Summer 42 BC. AV Aureus (20mm, 7.96 g, 6h). Military mint moving with Brutus and Cassius, probably at Sardis; M. Servilius, legatus. Laureate head of Libertas right; C • CAÍÍi • iÂp upward to left / Aplustre, with branches terminating in flowers; Â • ÍeruiLiuÍ upward to left, Leg upward to right. Crawford 505/1; CRI 224; Calicó 67; Sydenham 1311; BMCRR East 82; RBW 1772; Biaggi 46. VF, scrape on obverse, slightly wavy flan. Rare final issue of Cassius. ($7500) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Gorny & Mosch 207 (15 October 2012), lot 545A. This reverse type commemorates the capture of Rhodes by Cassius, who seized booty amounting to eight thousand talents from the public treasury after he had contemptuously spurned the title of king which the terror-stricken Rhodians had offered him. The aplustre was a common symbol of naval superiority, while the floreate endings of its branches allude to the rose, the civic emblem of Rhodes.

545. The Republicans. Brutus. Early 42 BC. AR Denarius (17mm, 3.82 g, 12h). Military mint, probably at Smyrna; P. Cornelius Lentulus Spinther, legatus. Securis, simpulum, and secespita / Capis and lituus. Crawford 500/7; CRI 198; Sydenham 1310; RSC 6; RBW 1766. EF, toned, minor porosity on obverse. ($1500) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. The obverse depicts the symbols of the college of pontifices to which Brutus belonged, while the reverse bears the symbols of the priestly college to which P. Cornelius Lentulus Spinther was elected in 57 BC, namely, the augurate.

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546 547 546. The Republicans. Brutus. Spring-early summer 42 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 4.13 g, 6h). Military mint traveling with Brutus in Lycia. Head of Libertas right / Lyre between quiver and filleted laurel branch. Crawford 501/1; CRI 199; Sydenham 1287; RSC 5; RBW 1767. Near EF, toned, hairline flan crack, a few light scratches on obverse. ($750) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection.

547. The Republicans. Brutus. Late summer-autumn 42 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.84 g, 12h). Military mint traveling with Brutus and Cassius in western Asia Minor or northern Greece; Pedanius Costa, legatus. Laureate head of Apollo right / Trophy of arms. Crawford 506/2; CRI 209; Sydenham 1296; RSC 4; RBW 1778. EF, attractive iridescent tone. ($1500) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection.

548. The Triumvirs. Mark Antony and Octavian. November-December 43 BC. AV Aureus (20mm, 8.02 g, 12h). Military mint traveling with Antony in Cisalpine Gaul or Italy. Bare head of Mark Antony right; lituus to left, Â • ANTONiuÍ • iii • uir • r • p • C around / Bare head of Octavian right; C • CAeÍAr • iii • uir • r • p • C around. Crawford 492/1; CRI 124; Calicó 108; Sydenham 1162; BMCRR Gaul 47; RBW –; Biaggi 63. VF, typical weakness of strike, small obverse die break, minor graffiti in reverse field. Extremely rare. ($15,000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Gorny & Mosch 228 (9 March 2015), lot 525; Hess-Leu (4 April 1963), lot 138.

549 550 549. The Triumvirs. Mark Antony and Julius Caesar. Autumn 43 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.92 g, 6h). Military mint traveling with Antony in Cisalpine Gaul. Bare head of Mark Antony right; lituus to left / Wreathed head of Julius Caesar right; capis to left. Crawford 488/2; CRI 123; Sydenham 1166; RSC 3; RBW 1708 var. (obv. legend). VF, lightly toned, some scratches in fields. ($1500) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection.

550. The Triumvirs. Mark Antony. Early 42 BC. AR Quinarius (12mm, 1.75 g, 6h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Winged bust of Victory right, with the likeness of Fulvia / Lion walking right; A xLi (= 41, Antony’s age at time of issue) across field, ANTONi above, iÂp in exergue. Crawford 489/6; Lyon 3; King 76; CRI 126; Sydenham 1163; RSC 3 (Fulvia); RBW 1713; DCA 941. VF, toned. ($500) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Philip Ronzone Collection (Gemini XI, 12 January 2014), lot 380; Davissons 20 (12 February 2004), lot 72.

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Calicó Plate Coin

551. The Triumvirs. Mark Antony and Octavian. Spring-early summer 41 BC. AV Aureus (21mm, 7.96 g, 12h). Ephesus mint; M. Barbatius Pollio, quaestor pro praetore. Bare head of Mark Antony right;  • ANT if Yg iii uir • r • p • C •  rArrAT • œ • p around / Bare head of Octavian right; CAeÍAr • iÂp • pONT • iii • uir • r • p • C • around. Crawford 517/1b; CRI 242 note; Calicó 109b (this coin illustrated); Sydenham 1180 var.; BMCRR East 104 var.; RBW 1797 var.; Biaggi 66 var. VF, lightly toned, a few marks. Rare with blundered name of Barbatius. ($20,000) From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection. Ex Künker 168 (12 March 2010), lot 7562; Ars Antiqua II (4 October 2001), lot 174.

L. Munatius Plancus, Founder of Lyon and Basel

552. The Triumvirs. Mark Antony. Early summer 40 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 4.04 g, 12h). Military mint traveling with Antony and Plancus in central Greece. Lituus and capis; Â • ANTON • iÂp • AuG • iii • uir • around / Sacrifical jug with handle between winged thunderbolt and winged caduceus; L • pLANCuÍ • iÂp • iTer around. Crawford 522/4; CRI 255; Sydenham 1191; RSC 22; RBW 1806. Good VF, lightly toned, minor surface roughness. Struck on a broad flan. Extremely rare. ($3000) This issue may have been struck as Antony and L. Munatius Plancus were moving their forces across Greece toward the coast of Epirus. Plancus was a supporter of Antony until the triumvir’s failed Parthian campaign, at which time he shifted his allegiance to Octavian (Suetonius [Aug. 7] informs us that it was at Plancus’s suggestion that Octavian took the name Augustus). Remarkably, Plancus’ tomb, built atop Mount Orlando at the seaside town of Gaeta, Italy, has survived. The tomb’s inscription recounts the greatest achievements of his career: Lucius Munatius Plancus, son of Lucius, grandson of Lucius, great-grandson of Lucius, consul, censor, twice imperator, septemvir epulonum, having triumphed over the Raetians, built the temple of Saturn from the spoils; parcelled out land in Italy at Beneventum; and in Gaul, founded the colonies of Lugdunum (Lyon, France) and Raurica (Basel, Switzerland). Sear (CRI p. 256) suggests that the tall vessel on the reverse “may relate to his [Plancus’] membership of the priestly college of the Epulones whose function was to supervise certain sacred banquets.”

553. The Triumvirs. Octavian, Divus Julius Caesar, and Agrippa. 38 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 4.02 g, 6h). Military mint traveling with Agrippa in Gaul or Octavian in Italy. Wreathed head of the deified Julius Caesar right, facing bare head of Octavian left; D[iuOÍ iu]LiuÍ upward to left, Diui F downward to right / Â • AgrippA • COÍ/DeÍig in two lines. Crawford 534/2; CRI 306; Sydenham 1330; RSC 129; RBW –. VF, toned, granular surfaces, tiny test cut on edge. Very rare. ($2000) 153


554. The Triumvirs. Octavian. Summer 37 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.73 g, 1h). Southern or central Italian mint. Bare head right / Emblems of the augurate and pontificate: simpulum, aspergillum, guttus, and lituus. Crawford 538/1; CRI 312; Sydenham 1334; RSC 91; RBW 1826. Near EF, lustrous surfaces, minor field marks. ($750)

ROMAN IMPERIAL COINAGE Intriguing Overstrike

555. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AR Denarius (20.5mm, 3.45 g, 4h). Uncertain Spanish mint (Colonia Caesaraugusta?). Struck 19-18 BC. Head right, wearing oak wreath / DIVVS above, IVLIVS below, comet of eight rays with tail upward. RIC I 38a; RSC 100; for undertype: cf. Crawford 500/3, 500/5; cf. CRI 221, 223; cf. Sydenham 1307, 1305; cf. RSC 4, 6; RBW 1762, 1764. EF, toned. Overstruck on a denarius of C. Cassius Longinus (P. Lentulus Spinther, legate). ($3000)

556 557 556. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.53 g, 7h). Uncertain Spanish mint (Colonia Caesaraugusta?). Struck 19-18 BC. Bare head right / Oak wreath with the two ties drawn up across center. RIC I 40a; RSC 210. EF, toned, some die rust on obverse. ($1500) 557. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AR Denarius (20mm, 3.56 g, 6h). Uncertain Spanish mint (Colonia Caesaraugusta?). Struck 19-18 BC. Bare head right / Oak wreath with the two ties drawn up across center. RIC I 40a; RSC 210. EF. ($750) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 46 (24 June 1998), lot 1130.

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Caius Caesar on Campaign

558. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AV Aureus (20mm, 7.91 g, 6h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck 8 BC. AVGVSTVS DIVI F, laureate head right / C • CAES, AVGVS • F, Caius Caesar galloping right, holding spear and shield in left hand, reins in right; behind, aquila between two signa. RIC I 198; Lyon 68; Calicó 174a; BMCRE 498; Biaggi 90. VF, a few marks. ($3000) In 17 BC, Augustus adopted the sons of Agrippa and Julia, Caius and Lucius, as his heirs. This coin commemorates Caius’ accompaniment of Tiberius on the latter’s campain against the Germanic Sicambri. Although Caius was still only twelve years old at the time and must have had little to do with the actual affairs of the campaign, this issue depicts the explicitly-named “son of Augustus” heroically charging into battle.

559. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AR Denarius (20mm, 3.79 g, 9h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck 2 BC-AD 12. Laureate head right / Caius and Lucius Caesars standing facing, two shields and two spears between them; above, on left, lituus right, and on right, simpulum left. RIC I 210; Lyon 85; RSC 43c. EF, toned. Well struck on a full flan. ($1000)

The Celebrated Altar of Lugdunum

560. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. Æ Sestertius (37mm, 25.68 g, 12h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck AD 10-14. CAESAR • AVGVSTVS • DIVI • F • PATER • PATRIAE, laureate head right / ROM ET AVG in exergue, the Altar of Lugdunum: altar enclosure with panels decorated with corona civica flanked by figures holding laurel branches; decoration along roofline; altar flanked by columns surmounted by statues of Victory standing vis-à-vis, each holding palm frond in left hand over left shoulder and wreath in right hand. RIC I 231a; Lyon 95 (D459/R504); BMCRE 565; BN 1695-1706. VF, dark green-brown patina, some doubling on reverse. Very rare. ($5000) Ex Gorny & Mosch 236 (7 March 2016), lot 405.

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561

562

561. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.83 g, 11h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck AD 13-14. Laureate head right / Livia, as Pax, seated right, holding scepter and olive branch. RIC I 220; Lyon 94; RSC 223. EF, attractive cabinet tone. ($1000) Ex UBS 78 (9 September 2008), lot 1367; A. Hess 211 (9 May 1932), lot 203.

562. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AR Denarius (17.5mm, 3.83 g, 7h). Rome mint; L. Mescinius Rufus, moneyer. Struck 16 BC. I • O • M/ • S • P • Q • R • V • S/ PR S • IMP • CAE/ QVOD • PER EV/ R • P • IN • AMP / AT • Q • TRAV/ S • E in seven lines within oak wreath / L • MESCINIVS RVFVS • III [• VIR], cippus inscribed IMP/ CAES/ AVGV/ COMM/ CONS in five lines; S C across field. RIC I 358; RSC 462. VF, toned, areas of weak strike. Rare. ($1000) Ex UBS 78 (9 September 2008), lot 1331.

563. Agrippa. Died 12 BC. Æ As (29mm, 12.78 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Gaius (Caligula), AD 37-41. Head left, wearing rostral crown / Neptune standing left, holding dolphin and trident. RIC I 58 (Gaius). Near EF, dark green patina, minor cleaning marks. ($750)

564 565 564 564. Tiberius. AD 14-37. AR Denarius (18.5mm, 3.68 g, 5h). “Tribute Penny” type. Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Group 4, AD 18-35. Laureate head right; one ribbon on shoulder / Livia, as Pax, seated right, holding scepter and olive branch, feet on footstool; ornate chair legs, single line below. RIC I 30; Lyon 150; RSC 16a. Good VF, toned, faint hairlines. Elegant portrait. ($500) From the D. C. Kopen Collection. Ex Gemini X (13 January 2013), lot 554.

565. Tiberius. AD 14-37. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.71 g, 10h). “Tribute Penny” type. Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Group 4, AD 18-35. Laureate head right; one ribbon on shoulder / Livia, as Pax, seated right, holding scepter and olive branch, feet on footstool; ornate chair legs, single line below. RIC I 30; Lyon 150; RSC 16a. Good VF, some faint hairlines. ($500)

156


566 567 566. Tiberius. AD 14-37. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.79 g, 8h). “Tribute Penny” type. Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Group 6, AD 36-37. Laureate head right; long, parallel ribbons / Livia, as Pax, seated right, holding scepter and olive branch, feet on footstool; ornate chair legs, single line below. RIC I 30; Lyon 154; RSC 16a. EF, lightly toned. Well centered on a broad flan. ($1500) 567. Tiberius. AD 14-37. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.78 g, 9h). “Tribute Penny” type. Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Group 6, AD 36-37. Laureate head right; long, parallel ribbons / Livia, as Pax, seated right, holding scepter and olive branch, feet on footstool; ornate chair legs, single line below. RIC I 30; Lyon 154; RSC 16a. Good VF, areas of toning. ($500)

568. Tiberius. AD 14-37. Æ As (26mm, 8.81 g, 7h). Rome mint. Struck AD 36-37. TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVST IMP VIII, laureate head left / PONTIF • MAX TR • POT • XXXIIX, S C across field, rudder placed vertically across banded globe; small globe at base of rudder. RIC I 64; BMCRE 135; BN 122. EF, hard, dark green patina, a few minor marks. Struck on a compact flan. ($3000) Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 72 (16 May 2013), lot 590; Arsantiqva II (4 October 2001), lot 210.

569. Tiberius & Germanicus Gemellus. AD 19-37/8 and 19-23/4, respectively. Æ Sestertius (34.5mm, 27.45 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Tiberius, AD 22-23. Crossed cornucopias, each surmounted by bareheaded bust of boy, vis-à-vis; vertical winged caduceus between / DRVSVS • CAESAR • TI • AVG • F • DIVI • AVG • N • PONT • TR • POT • II • around large S • C. RIC I 42 (Tiberius); BMCRE 95-7 (Tiberius); BN 72-3 (Tiberius). Good VF, dark brown surfaces. ($3000) Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 86 (8 October 2015), lot 100; Künker 168 (12 March 2010), lot 7643; Numismatica Genevensis SA I (27 November 2000), lot 141; Numismatica Ars Classica 18 (29 March 2000), lot 421.

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Nero Claudius Drusus Sestertius Superb River Patina

570. Nero Claudius Drusus. Died 9 BC. Æ Sestertius (37mm, 27.30 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Claudius, AD 4243. NERO • CLAVDIVS DRVSVS GERMANICVS IMP, bare head left / TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P • IMP • P • P, S C in exergue, Claudius, bareheaded and togate, seated left on curule chair, holding out branch in right hand and resting left hand on lap; around the chair are scattered arms (spears, shields, cuirass, and helmet). RIC I 109 (Claudius); von Kaenel Type 72; BMCRE 208-211a (Claudius); BN 198-203 (Claudius). EF, red-brown and tan river patina. Struck on a broad flan. Amazing details and surfaces. ($10,000) Ex Triton XIX (4 January 2016), lot 490.

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571. Claudius. AD 41-54. AV Aureus (18mm, 7.74 g, 5h). Rome mint. Struck AD 46-47. TI CLAVD CAESAR • AVG • P • M • TR • P • VI • IMP • XI, laureate head right / S P Q R/P P/OB • C • S • in three lines within oak wreath. RIC I 40; von Kaenel Type 26; Calicó 379a; BMCRE 42-4; BN 50; Biaggi 211. VF, some marks. ($3000) Found near Usk, Monmouthshire in the late 1990s and recorded by Rodney Hudson at Newport Museum (with ticket in his hand). In circa AD 55, the Twentieth Legion, Valeria Victrix, was moved to Burrium, (present day Usk) to control the restive local tribe, the Silures. Burrium was the first Roman fortress in Wales. While stationed there the Twentieth took part in the defeat of the Ordovices tribe and the invasion of the island of Anglesey, the center of British Druidism. Subsequently detachments from the Legion fought at Watling Street in the great battle that brought to a bloody end the revolt of Boudica. In AD 66, the Twentieth was sent to Viroconium (Wroxeter) and Burrium was abandoned. See also lot 574 for another aureus found near Usk.

572. Nero. As Caesar, AD 50-54. Æ Sestertius (32.5mm, 21.80 g, 6h). Uncertain Balkan/Thracian mint. Struck AD 5154. NERONI CLAVDIO DRVSO GERMANICO COS DESIG, bareheaded and draped bust right / EQVESTER/ OR DO/ PRINCIPI/ IVVENT in four lines on shield; vertical spear behind. RIC I 108 (Claudius); von Kaenel, Thrakien, Type A, N3, dies O3/R3; BMCRE p. 195 note, pl. 37, 4; Cohen 99. Good VF, green patina, a few light cleaning marks. Excellent condition for this rare issue. ($5000) Ex Triton XVI (8 January 2013), lot 1044.

573. Nero. AD 54-68. Æ Dupondius (30mm, 13.57 g, 6h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck circa AD 65. Laureate head left, globe at point of neck / Façade of the Macellum Magnum: statue standing facing on base within cylindrical tetrastyle entrance set on tiered base, upper tristyle story surmounted by ornate conical dome; two-story distyle porch on left, two-story tristyle porch on right. RIC I 400; WCN 501; Lyon 79. Good VF, green-brown surfaces, a few minor pits, light scrape on obverse and on edge, a few cleaning marks. ($1000) 159


Found in Monmouthshire From a Period of Engaging History

574. Nero. AD 54-68. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.70 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 56-57. NERO • CAESAR • AVG • IMP •, bare head right / PONTIF • MAX • TR • P • III•· P P • around oak wreath enclosing EX • S C. RIC I 11; Calicó 421; BMCRE 12-3; BN 11; Biaggi 229. Good VF, brushed, some marks and a small metal flaw on head. Handsome youthful portrait. ($4000) Found near Usk, Monmouthshire in the late 1990s and recorded by Rodney Hudson at Newport Museum (with ticket in his hand). In circa AD 55, the Twentieth Legion, Valeria Victrix, was moved to Burrium, (present day Usk) to control the restive local tribe, the Silures. Burrium was the first Roman fortress in Wales. While stationed there the Twentieth took part in the defeat of the Ordovices tribe and the invasion of the island of Anglesey, the center of British Druidism. Subsequently detachments from the Legion fought at Watling Street in the great battle that brought to a bloody end the revolt of Boudica. In AD 66, the Twentieth was sent to Viroconium (Wroxeter) and Burrium was abandoned. See also lot 571 for another aureus found near Usk.

British Museum Nero

575. Nero. AD 54-68. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.53 g, 4h). Rome mint. Struck AD 63-64. Bare head right / Virtus standing left, holding parazonium and scepter, foot on helmet among shields. RIC I 41; BMCRE 48 (this coin); RSC 233. VF, darkly toned, some scratches under tone, edge marks and a small bend. ($500) Deaccessioned from the British Museum by exchange on 14 February 1980 (a copy of a note from R. A. G Carson, documenting the exchange, will be provided to the winner of this lot upon request).

Imperial Rather than Senatorial Issue

576. Nero. AD 54-68. Æ Sestertius (36.5mm, 31.03 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 63-64. Laureate bust right, wearing aegis / Annona standing right, holding cornucopia, facing Ceres seated left, holding grain ears and torch; between them, modius on garlanded altar, ship’s stern in background. Cf. RIC I 139/98 (for obv./rev.); cf. WCN 104/71 (for obv./rev.); Gnecchi III, 10 (pl. 141, 6); CNR XVIII 597. VF, green patina, collection number in field on reverse, minor roughness. Struck on an impressive, oversized flan. Rare without S C on reverse. ($2000) Ex Vecchi 4 (5 December 1996), lot 114. Banti states that “For this period it is thought that the bronze without S C was minted by an imperial mint... The portraits are almost all youthful” (CNR XVII, p. 139).

160


577. Nero. AD 54-68. AV Aureus (18mm, 7.21 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 64-66. NERO CAESAR AVGVSTVS, laureate head right / AVGVSTVS AVGVSTA, Nero, radiate and togate, standing left, holding patera in right hand and scepter in left; to right, his wife, Poppaea Sabina, veiled and draped, standing left, holding patera in right hand and cornucopia in left. RIC I 44 and 56; Calicó 401; BMCRE 52-3; BN 199-200; Biaggi 220. VF, traces of deposits, a few minor marks on edge. Well centered and struck. Rare reverse type. ($4000)

The Colossus of Nero

578. Nero. AD 54-68. AV Aureus (18mm, 7.29 g, 8h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 64-65. NERO CAESAR, laureate head right / AVGVSTVS GERMANICVS, Nero, radiate and togate, standing facing, holding branch in right hand and globe surmounted by Victory in left. RIC I 46; Calicó 402; BMCRE 56-9; BN 202-5; Biaggi 221. Good VF, toned. Attractive small bust. ($5000) Ex Künker 153 (14 March 2009), lot 8627. The reverse depicts Nero’s Colossus, a roughly 120-foot tall bronze statue of the emperor as Sol that was created for the vestibule of the Domus Aurea, or Golden House, the massive palace constructed by Nero after the fire of AD 64. Its memory was retained in the popular name of the amphitheater that went up close to the colossus – the Colosseum.

Port of Ostia

579. Nero. AD 54-68. Æ Sestertius (34.5mm, 24.60 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 64. NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P IMP P P, laureate bust right, wearing aegis / AVG-VSTI above, POR OST below, Port of Ostia: seven ships within the harbor; at the top is a pharus surmounted by a statue of Neptune; below is a reclining figure of Tiber, holding a rudder and dolphin; to left, crescent-shaped pier with portico, terminating with figure sacrificing at altar and with building; to right, crescentshaped row of breakwaters or slips, terminating with a figure seated on rock; S C at sides. RIC I 178; WCN 120; BMCRE 132; BN 299-302. VF, red-brown patina, roughness on obverse, traces of deposits. Detailed reverse composition. ($4000) Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 100 (29 May 2017), lot 1773.

161


580. Nero. AD 54-68. Æ Sestertius (34mm, 27.10 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 65. Laureate bust right, wearing aegis / Roma seated left on cuirass, holding Victory and parazonium; shields around. RIC I 275; WCN 137. VF, attractive green and brown patina. ($2000) Ex Estate of Thomas Bentley Cederlind (Classical Numismatic Group 102, 18 May 2016), lot 878; Goldberg [5] (7 June 2000), lot 3546; K. Davis FPL 17 (January 1997), no. 104.

Pedigreed to 1935

581. Nero. AD 54-68. Æ Sestertius (34mm, 25.20 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 66. Laureate head right / Roma seated left on cuirass, holding Victory and spear; shields around. RIC I 335; WCN 155. Good VF, dark green patina, some smoothing and flan fill. ($1000) Ex Christopher Corbally Browne Collection (Sotheby’s, 25 March 1935), lot 190.

582. Galba. AD 68-69. Æ Sestertius (36mm, 27.00 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa June-August AD 68. Laureate and draped bust right / Roma seated left on cuirasss, holding spear and resting arm on shield; oblong shield behind cuirass. RIC I 240; ACG 258 var. (unlisted dies). Good Fine, brown river surfaces, some minor roughness. ($1000) Ex Heritage 3046 (14 April 2016), lot 29269

162


583. Galba. AD 68-69. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.63 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa July AD 68-January AD 69. Laureate and draped bust right / Livia standing left, holding patera and scepter. RIC I 189; RSC 55a. EF, lightly toned. Wonderful portrait. ($1000) Ex Goldberg 41 (27 May 2007), lot 2782; Classical Numismatic Group 40 (4 December 1996), lot 1407. He (i.e., Galba) showed marked respect to Livia Augusta, to whose favor he owed great influence during her lifetime and by whose last will he almost became a rich man; for he had the largest bequest among her legatees, one of fifty million sesterces. But because the sum was designated in figures and not written out in words, Tiberius, who was her heir, reduced the bequest to five hundred thousand, and Galba never received even that. (Suetonius 5.2) The line of the Julio-Claudian emperors had died out with Nero, but the new emperor Galba still wished to demonstrate continuity with the dynasty that had ruled for the last century, via his close friendship with Livia.

584. Galba. AD 68-69. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.13 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa July AD 68-January AD 69. IMP SER GALBA CAESAR AVG, laureate and draped bust right / VICTORIA P R, Victory standing left on globe, holding wreath and palm frond. RIC I 216; Calicó 514; BMCRE 46; BN 96; Biaggi –. Good Fine. Very rare type. ($5000)

586

585

585. Galba. AD 68-69. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.51 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa July AD 68-January AD 69. Laureate head right / Galba on horseback right, raising right hand in salutation. RIC I 228; RSC 97. Good VF, attractive iridescent tone. ($1000) Ex Rauch 68 (5 November 2001), lot 242.

586. Vitellius. AD 69. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.30 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa late April-20 December. Laureate head right / Concordia seated left, holding patera and cornucopia. RIC I 73; RSC 20. Good VF, darkly toned. ($500) Ex Korwin Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 103, 14 September 2016), lot 686.

163


587. Vespasian, with Titus and Domitian as Caesares. AD 69-79. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.32 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck January-June AD 70. IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head of Vespasian right / CAESAR AVG F COS CAESAR AVG F PR, confronted bare heads of Titus and Domitian, each with short beard. RIC II 16; RSC 5; BMCRE 368 (uncertain mint in Gaul); BN 2. Near EF, toned. ($5000) Ex Bourgey (17 November 2015), lot 32.

588. Vespasian, with Titus and Domitian as Caesares. AD 69-79. AR Denarius (17mm, 3.13 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck January-June AD 70. IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head of Vespasian right / [C]AESAR AVG F COS CAESAR [AVG F PR], confronted bare heads of Titus and Domitian, each with short beard. RIC II 16; RSC 5; BMCRE 368 (uncertain mint in Gaul); BN 2. VF, thin flan crack, flan a bit small. ($1000)

Two Exceptional “Judaea Capta” Issues

589. Vespasian. AD 69-79. Æ Sestertius (33mm, 25.10 g, 6h). “Judaea Capta” issue. Rome mint. Struck AD 71. IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M TR P P P COS III, laureate head right / IVDAEA CAPTA, S C in exergue, palm tree; to left, Vespasian standing right, with left foot on helmet, holding spear and parazonium; to right, Judaea seated right on cuirass, in attitude of mourning. RIC II 167; Hendin 1504. Near EF, wonderful jade green patina, a few minor chips around edge. A bold and impressive specimen. ($7500) From the D. C. Kopen Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 78 (14 May 2008), lot 1747 (hammer $15,100); Triton X (9 January 2007), lot 597 (hammer $14,000).

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Pedigreed to 1935

590. Vespasian. AD 69-79. Æ Sestertius (35mm, 26.22 g, 6h). “Judaea Capta” issue. Rome mint. Struck AD 71. IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M TR P P P COS III, laureate head right / VIC-TORIA AVGVSTI, S C in exergue, Victory standing right, with left foot on helmet, inscribing shield set on palm tree; to right, Judaea seated right, in attitude of mourning. RIC II 221; Hendin 1508. Near EF, brown patina, gentle smoothing on reverse. Exceptional portrait. ($5000) Ex Christopher Corbally Browne Collection (Sotheby’s, 25 March 1935), lot 192.

591. Vespasian. AD 69-79. AR Denarius (17mm, 3.35 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 72-73. Laureate head right / Augural and pontifical emblems: simpulum, aspergillum, guttus, and lituus. RIC II 356; RSC 45. EF, toned. Great metal. ($750) Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 86 (8 October 2015), lot 162; Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 319 (29 January 2014), lot 389 (hammer $1750).

592. Vespasian. AD 69-79. Æ As (25mm, 10.92 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 72-73. Laureate head right / Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and cornucopia. RIC II 400. Good VF, dark green patina, smoothed, some fill on reverse. Rare. ($300) Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 86 (8 October 2015), lot 163.

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Unique First Rome Mint Issue of Titus RIC Plate Coin

593. Titus. As Caesar, AD 69-79. Æ Sestertius (33mm, 24.78 g, 6h). “Judaea Capta” issue. Rome mint. Struck under Vespasian, AD 71. T CAES VESPASIAN IMP PON TR POT COS, laureate head right / VICT-ORIA AVGVSTI, S C across field, Victory standing right, with left foot on helmet, inscribing a shield set on palm tree. RIC II 355 (this coin, illustrated on pl. 30); Hendin –. VF, brown surfaces, light pitting and some gentle smoothing. Unique. ($1500) From the D. C. Kopen Collection. Ex Triton XI (8 January 2008), lot 903; Ponterio 128 (11 November 2003), lot 1325. Prior to the discovery of the present coin, there had been no known coins of Titus that were struck during his first consulship, which he served in AD 71 following his arrival in Rome from Judaea. The surprising absence of any such coin, given the momentous events of the previous year, was first noted by the renowned eighteenth century numismatist J.-H. Echkel (Doctrina II:6, p. 352 [Vienna, 1828]). It is evident from the numismatic evidence of the Flavian dynasty that the consulships of the emperors were meticulously recorded on the coinage. The presence of COS without an ordinal number on this coin, therefore, indicates that this sestertius was definitely struck during Titus’ first consulship. As such, this is the first issue of Titus from the mint at Rome. See F. Schmidt-Dick, Die Römischen Münzen des Medagliere im Castelvecchio zu Verona (Vienna, 1995), 4903 for the same reverse die, but paired with an obverse with COS II legend.

Ex British Museum

594. Titus, with Divus Vespasian. AD 79-81. Æ Sestertius (34mm, 26.61 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 80-81. Laureate head left / Divus Vespasian and Titus standing facing each other, together holding globe over rudder between them. RIC II 162; BMCRE 179 (this coin). VF, brown surfaces, a few minor pits on reverse. ($1000) Deaccessioned from the British Museum by exchange on 14 February 1980 (a copy of a note from R. A. G Carson, documenting the exchange, will be provided to the winner of this lot upon request).

595. Domitian. As Caesar, AD 69-81. AR Denarius (17mm, 3.49 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Titus, AD 80-81. Laureate head right / Garlanded and lighted altar. RIC II 266 (Titus); RSC 397a. EF, attractively toned. ($500) Ex New York Sale XXIII (6 January 2010), lot 148; Numismatic Fine Arts XX (9 March 1988), lot 159.

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596. Domitian. As Caesar, AD 69-81. AR Denarius (17mm, 3.35 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Titus, AD 80-81. Laureate head right / Crested Corinthian helmet set on draped seat. RIC II 271 (Titus); RSC 399a. EF, attractively toned. ($500) Ex Tkalec (23 October 1998), lot 146; Tkalec (23 October 1992), lot 252.

Ex Sydenham Collection

597. Domitian. AD 81-96. Æ As (26mm, 8.91 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 85. Laureate bust right, wearing aegis / Victory advancing left, holding shield inscribed S P/Q R in two lines. RIC II 388. Good VF, dark green patina, small pit above head, areas of fill on obverse. ($300) Ex Edward A. Sydenham Collection (Glendining, 10 December 1941), lot 111.

598. Domitian. AD 81-96. Æ As (28mm, 11.74 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 86. Laureate bust right, wearing aegis / Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopia. RIC II 493. Good VF, dark green, almost black, patina, some cleaning scratches and smoothing. ($300) Includes an old collection ticket stating coin purchased from Spink, 9 August 1935.

599. Trajan. AD 98-117. Æ Sestertius (34mm, 24.98 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 98-99. Laureate head right / Pax seated left on throne, with feet on footstool, holding olive branch and scepter. RIC II 401; Woytek 58a; Banti 319. Near EF, attractive pale green patina, small patch of red near obverse edge. ($2000) 167


600. Trajan. AD 98-117. Æ As (27mm, 12.49 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 98-99. Laureate head right / Victory flying left, holding round shield inscribed SP/QR. RIC II 402; Woytek 61a. Near EF, brown surfaces, lightly pitted. ($300) Ex Seaby Coin and Medal Bulletin 228 (July 1934), no. 17387.

601 602 601. Trajan. AD 98-117. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.09 g, 7h). Rome mint. Struck AD 101-102. IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG GERM, laureate head right / P • M • TR P COS • IIII • P • P, Hercules standing facing on altar, holding club and lion’s skin. RIC II 49; Woytek 99a; Calicó 1052; Biaggi 508. VF, small bump on jaw. ($2500) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 102 (18 May 2016), lot 928.

602. Trajan. AD 98-117. AV Aureus (20mm, 6.84 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 107-108. • IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC • P M TR P •, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / COS • V • P • P S P • Q • R OPTIMO PRINC, octastyle temple containing uncertain cult statue (Honos or Pax?), holding cornucopia; five statues adorning roofline. RIC II 146; Woytek 267f; Calicó 1010; Biaggi 480. Near VF, toned. ($3000)

603. Trajan. AD 98-117. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.41 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 107-108. Laureate bust right, slight drapery / Trajan in triumphal quadriga right, holding scepter and laurel branch. RIC II 139 corr. (bust type); Woytek 273b; RSC 94. Good VF, lightly toned. ($500) Commemorating Trajan’s second Dacian triumph in AD 107.

604. Trajan. AD 98-117. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.57 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 107-108. Laureate bust right, slight drapery / DANVVIVS in exergue, Danube reclining left on rocks, head right, with billowing cloak above, placing right hand on prow of ship and resting left arm on overturned urn. RIC II 100; Woytek 277b; RSC 136. EF, toned. ($500) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 37 (20 March 1996), lot 1529.

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605. Trajan. AD 98-117. Æ Sestertius (33mm, 25.93 g, 5h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 108-109/110. Laureate bust right, slight drapery / Annona standing left, holding grain ears over modius and cornucopia; prow in background to right. RIC II 492; Woytek 323bD-2 (this coin referenced); Banti 182. Good VF, brown patina. ($1500) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 46 (24 June 1998), lot 1237.

606. Trajan. AD 98-117. Æ Sestertius (33mm, 29.23 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 108-109/110. Laureate bust right, slight drapery / Dacia, in attitude of mourning, seated left on shields before trophy of arms. RIC II 564 var. (bust type); Woytek 326b; Banti 251. Good VF, dark green patina under a thick layer of earthen encrustation. ($500)

607. Trajan. AD 98-117. Æ Dupondius (26mm, 13.01 g, 7h). Rome mint. Struck AD 111. Radiate bust right, slight drapery / AQVA/ TRAIANA in two lines in exergue, Genius of the Aqua Traiana, holding reed and leaning on overturned urn, reclining left under arched and ornamented grotto supported by two columns. RIC II 464 var. (bust type); Woytek 360b-2 (this coin referenced). VF, red-brown patina. ($750) Ex Freeman & Sear 12 (28 October 2005), lot 564; Classical Numismatic Group 63 (21 May 2003), lot 1324; Superior (1 October 2001), lot 1134; Hirsch 203 (24 February 1999), lot 556. The Aqua Traiana was dedicated in AD 109 and supplied water to the expanding Transtiberine (west bank) suburbs of Rome.

169


608. Trajan. AD 98-117. Æ Dupondius (27mm, 12.10 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 112-115. Radiate and draped bust right / Trajan’s Column: column with spirals and dots set on podium decorated with eagles, surmounted by statue of Trajan, holding patera and scepter. RIC II 603 var. (bust type); Woytek 473v. Good VF, green patina, some scratches, tiny chips in patina. ($1000) Trajan’s Column was the crowning glory of his Forum, the greatest of the Imperial Fora, which was built with the spoils of the Dacian Wars. Covered by a continuous frieze of the war’s events, the column was capped with a gilded heroic statue of the emperor, while an inscription on the base recounted the feat of engineering in the Forum’s construction. After Trajan’s death, the column became the repository of his ashes.

609. Trajan. AD 98-117. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.22 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 114-116. Laureate and draped bust right / Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and corucopia. RIC II 343; Woytek 519v; RSC 278. EF, toned. ($300) Ex Superior (9 December 1995), lot 906; Leu 59 (17 May 1994), lot 273.

610. Trajan. AD 98-117. Æ Sestertius (33mm, 25.94 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 114-116. Laureate and draped bust right / Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and cornucopia. RIC II 672; Woytek 534v; Banti 106. VF, dark green patina, rough in spots, a few cleaning marks. ($500)

Pedigreed to 1933

611. Hadrian. AD 117-138. Æ Sestertius (32mm, 27.31 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 122-125. Laureate bust right, slight drapery / Virtus standing left,with right foot on helmet, holding parazonium and spear. RIC II 614 var. (bust type); Banti 773 (this coin illustrated). Good VF, dark green patina, a few light scratches. ($1500) Ex R. Laughlin Collection (A. Hess 221, 18 December 1933), lot 542.

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Ex British Museum and Wigan Collection

612. Hadrian. AD 117-138. Æ Sestertius (32mm, 25.27 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 124-128. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS, laureate bust right, slight drapery / COS I-I-I, Neptune standing right, left foot set on prow, holding trident and acrostolium. RIC II 633; BMCRE 1288 (this coin); Banti 168. Near EF, attractive brown patina. ($2000) Deaccessioned from the British Museum by exchange on 14 February 1980 (a copy of a note from R. A. G Carson, documenting the exchange, will be provided to the winner of this lot upon request). Acquired by the British Museum from the E. W. Wigan Collection in 1872. Edward Wright Wigan (1823-1871) was an avid coin collector who built upon a collection of Anglo-Saxon and English begun by his uncle, John Alfred Wigan, and also acquired a number of other important collections, such as the Roman gold collection of Prosper Dupré, the collection of Jewish coinage of Félicien de Saulcy, and the Baktrian collection of James Gibbs. He was also active in buying from public sales, and acquired pieces at auction from the collections of the Earl of Pembroke, the Duke of Devonshire, and Thomas Thomas. Nearly all of his Roman gold was presented to the British Museum in 1864, and published in the Numismatic Chronicle 1865 (F. W. Madden, “Account of a collection of Roman gold coins, presented by Edward Wigan, Esq., to the Department of Coins and Medals, British Museum”, pp. 1-56). At the same time, his Jewish collection was published by F. W. Madden in his History of Jewish Coinage (London, 1864). Upon his death, Wigan’s collection was purchased by Rollin & Feuardent, and the BM subsequently purchased many of his Greek and Roman coins from them with a Treasury Grant of £10,000.

Extremely Rare Legend Variety – The Only Example in Private Hands

613. Hadrian. AD 117-138. AV Aureus (18mm, 7.21 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 125-128. HADRIANVS AVGVST, laureate bust right, slight drapery / COS, III in exergue, she-wolf left, suckling twins Remus and Romulus. RIC II 193 note = Calicó 1237 = BMCRE p. 282 note * = Cohen 424; Strack 145; Biaggi 598 var. (obv. legend). Good VF, underlying luster, a few light marks. Extremely rare, apparently the fourth known and the only example in private hands. ($7500) RIC, Calicó, and BMCRE all reference Cohen 424 (citing a specimen in the Cabinet de France) for this variety, although RIC and Calicó misdescribe the bust type. Strack also notes examples in Vienna and Milan. This type is so rare that Calicó doubted if this variety with the abbreviated form of “Augustus” even existed.

614. Hadrian. AD 117-138. Æ As (26mm, 11.51 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 132-135. Laureate and draped bust right / Hadrian on horseback right, holding spear. RIC II 717. Good VF, green patina. ($300) Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 9 (16 April 1996), lot 865.

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615

616

615. Hadrian. AD 117-138. AV Aureus (18mm, 7.19 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 134-138. HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P, bareheaded bust right, slight drapery / LIBERALI-TAS • AVG • VII, Liberalitas standing left, holding tessera and cornucopia. RIC II 254; Calicó 1287; Biaggi 622. VF, flan flaw on obverse. ($3000) 616. Hadrian. AD 117-138. AV Aureus (20mm, 7.15  g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 134-138. HADRIANVS • AVG COS III P P, bareheaded bust left, slight drapery / AEGYPTOS, Egypt reclining left on serpent-entwined basket, holding sistrum; at feet, ibis standing right. RIC II 296; Calicó 1185 (same dies as illustration); Biaggi –. Near VF, a couple scratches in reverse field. Rare with this bust type. ($5000)

617. Hadrian. AD 117-138. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.30 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 134-138. Laureate head right / NILVS, Nilus reclining right, holding reed and cornucopia; to right, hippopotamus standing left; below, crocodile standing left. RIC II 310; RSC 991. Good VF, toned. ($500) Ex Numismatic Fine Arts XX (9 March 1988), lot 195.

618. Hadrian. AD 117-138. AV Aureus (18mm, 7.01 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 134-138. HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P, bareheaded and draped bust right / RESTITVTORI ACHAIAE, emperor standing left, raising kneeling Achaea; between, palm frond in vase. RIC II 321; Calicó 1345 = Biaggi 648. Near VF, toned, light deposits, a few minor scratches. ($3000)

619. Hadrian. AD 117-138. AR Cistophorus (26mm, 10.95 g, 12h). Unattributed mint in Asia. Struck circa AD 124128. Bareheaded and draped bust right / Athena standing left, holding patera and shield set on ground; spear rests agains left arm. RIC II 503; Metcalf, Cistophori 118; RSC 290; RPC III 1474. Good VF. Overstruck on a Cistophorus of Mark Antony and Octavia (RPC I 2202). Formerly in NGC encapsulation (4166297-008), graded “Ch XF, Strike: 4/5, Surface: 4/5, overstruck. ($1000) 172


620. Sabina. Augusta, AD 128-136/7. AR Denarius (17mm, 3.15 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Hadrian, circa AD 135-137/8. Draped bust right, wearing stephane / Concordia seated left, holding patera and scepter; cornucopia below throne. RIC II 391; Abdy, Chronology, Group 4; RSC 24. EF, toned. Nice metal. ($750) Ex Sternberg XXII (21 November 1989), lot 304.

Unpublished Pius Medallion

621. Antoninus Pius. AD 138-161. Æ Medallion (40mm, 45.06 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 139. IMP • T • AEL • CAES • HADR • ANTONINVS • AVG • PIVS, laureate head left / P • M • TR P COS • II, Roma enthroned left, holding Palladium and scepter, with shield at side. Unpublished in the standard references. VF, red-brown patina, some light encrustation, old collection number (“348”) on reverse. A seemingly unique and impressive medallion from early in Pius’ reign. ($5000) Struck from the same obverse die as other medallic types dated to AD 139 (see Gnecchi pl. 46, 9-10; Banti 302, 307). The central portion of the shield decoration on the reverse is unclear. The upper area depicts two figures, with that on the right seemingly dismounting from a ship, and thus we might interpret this as Aeneas and Ascanius arriving at Latium. At the bottom we find a cave containing an animal, possibly a she-wolf but, if the identification of the two figures as Aeneas and Ascanius is correct, more likely the sow that will direct Aeneas where to found his city. To the right, at about the shield’s mid-height, appears to be a river-god, whom we are able to more confidently identify as the Tiber.

622. Antoninus Pius. AD 138-161. Æ Sestertius (31mm, 24.73 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 140-144. Laureate head right / Annona standing right, holding grain ears over modius and cornucopia; stern of ship in background. RIC III 597a; Banti 18. EF, choice even brown surfaces. ($2000) Ex Gorny & Mosch 203 (5 March 2012), lot 355; Lanz 72 (29 May 1995), lot 619.

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623. Antoninus Pius. AD 138-161. Æ Dupondius (27mm, 13.12 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 141-143. Radiate head right / Annona standing right, holding grain ears over modius and cornucopia; stern of ship in background. RIC III 656. EF, brown patina, a few light marks on neck. ($300)

624. Antoninus Pius. AD 138-161. Æ Sestertius (28mm, 24.02 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 145-161. Laureate head right / Securitas seated right, propping head on hand and holding scepter. RIC III 783; Banti 372. Good VF, brown patina, some fill on obverse. ($500) Ex Seaby Coin and Medal Bulletin 228 (July 1934), no. 17417.

625. Antoninus Pius. AD 138-161. AV Aureus (19mm, 6.57 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 147. ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS IIII, laureate bust right, slight drapery / Antoninus Pius seated left on sella curulis on daïs, extending right hand and holding volumen in left; on daïs to left, Liberalitas standing left, holding cornucopia and emptying its contents to citizen; on ground to left, citizen standing right, holding fold of toga out with both hands to receive distribution; LIB IIII in exergue. RIC III 141c var. (bust type, Liberalitas holding abacus and cornucopia); Strack 149 var. (same); Calicó 1567-8 var. (bust type); BMCRE 542-3 var. (same); Biaggi 737 var. (same). Superb EF, underlying luster. Rare variety. ($10,000) Ex Heritage 3037 (4 January 2015), lot 30974.

626. Antoninus Pius. AD 138-161. AV Aureus (18mm, 6.93 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 148-149. ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XII, laureate head right / C-OS IIII, Aequitas standing left, holding scales and cornucopia. RIC III –; Strack 190δ; Calicó 1502a (same obv. die as illustration); Biaggi –. EF, lustrous. Attractive portrait in high relief. ($6000) Ex Triton XVIII (5 January 2015), lot 1103.

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627. Antoninus Pius. AD 138-161. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.27 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 150-151. IMP CAES T AEL HADR ANTO-NINVS AVG PIVS P P, bare head right / TR POT XIIII COS IIII, PAX in exergue, Pax standing left, holding olive branch and scepter. RIC III 200a; Strack 229; Calicó 1588a; Biaggi 744 var. (no break in obv. legend). EF, lustrous, a few faint scratches. Fine style portrait. ($5000)

628. Antoninus Pius. AD 138-161. AV Aureus (18mm, 6.93 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 155-156. ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P IMP II, laureate head right / TR POT X-IX COS IIII, togate emperor standing left, holding globe and volumen. RIC III 256a; Calicó 1673; Biaggi 771. Choice EF, lustrous. ($7500) From the Fendi Collection. Ex Heritage 3041 (13 August 2015), lot 32076.

629. Antoninus Pius. AD 138-161. Æ Sestertius (30mm, 26.00 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 155-156. Laureate bust right, slight drapery / Fides standing left, holding standard in each hand. RIC III 943 var. (bust type); Banti 466. Near EF, dark green patina, some scratches and areas of fill. ($750) With an old collector ticket stating the coin was purchased from Spink, August 1935, and was previously in the Prof. Angelo Signorelli Collection (not in Santamaria catalogs).

630. Diva Faustina Senior. Died AD 140/1. AR Denarius (17mm, 2.81 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Antoninus Pius, circa AD 141-146. Draped bust right, with hair bound in pearls / DEDICATIO AEDIS, hexastyle temple of Diva Faustina. RIC III 388 (Pius); RSC 191. EF, toned. ($500) Ex Nomos FPL (Winter-Spring 2010), no. 103. This type commemorates the dedication of the Temple of the Diva Faustina, located in the Forum Romanum. Later, the Church of San Lorenzo in Miranda was built into the temple’s remains.

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Pedigreed to 1933

631. Diva Faustina Senior. Died AD 140/1. Æ As (28mm, 11.54 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Antoninus Pius, circa AD 141-146. Veiled and draped bust right, with hair bound in pearls / Providentia standing left, holding globe and scepter. RIC III 1163a (Pius). Good VF, dark green patina, cleaning marks and smoothing. ($300) Ex R. Laughlin Collection (A. Hess 221, 18 December 1933), lot 478.

632. Diva Faustina Senior. Died AD 140/1. AV Aureus (18mm, 7.26 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Antoninus Pius, circa AD 145-150. DIVA FAV-STINA, draped bust left, with hair bound in pearls / AV-GV-S-TA, Fortuna standing left, holding patera and rudder set on globe. RIC III –; Beckmann dies AF25/df96; Calicó 1762; Biaggi –. EF, lustrous. Attractive portrait and rare with bust left. ($7500) From the Fendi Collection. Ex Heritage 3041 (13 August 2015), lot 32078.

633. Diva Faustina Senior. Died AD 140/1. AV Aureus (19mm, 6.75 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Antoninus Pius, circa AD 145-150. DIVA FAVSTINA, draped bust right, with hair bound in pearls / AV-GV-STA, Fortuna standing left, holding patera and rudder set on globe. RIC III 372a (Pius); Beckmann dies AF4/df79; Calicó 1761a; Biaggi –. EF, lustrous, tiny nick on ear. Attractive portrait. ($5000) Ex Heritage 3042 (17 September 2015), lot 29214.

634. Diva Faustina Senior. Died AD 140/1. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.18 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck under Antoninus Pius, circa AD 150 (or later). DIVA FAVSTINA, veiled and draped bust right, with hair bound in pearls / AE-TER-NITAS, Fortuna standing left, holding patera and rudder set on globe. RIC III 349ab (Pius); Beckmann dies AC14/df34; Calicó 1744a; Biaggi 802. EF, attractively toned with some underlying luster. ($10,000) Ex Hess-Divo 330 (21 May 2016), lot 36 (hammer CHF 11,000).

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635. Diva Faustina Senior. Died AD 140/1. AV Aureus (18mm, 6.83 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Antoninus Pius, circa AD 150 (or later). DIVA AVGVSTA FAVSTINA, veiled and draped bust right, with hair bound in pearls / AET-ERNITAS, Providentia standing left, holding globe and scepter. RIC III 350bb (Pius); Beckmann dies AA2/daf19; Calicó 1752; Biaggi –. EF, lustrous. Very rare, one of only two in CoinArchives for this variety. ($6000) From the Fendi Collection. Ex Heritage 3042 (17 September 2015), lot 29212.

Sole Example in Private Hands Published by Beckmann

636. Diva Faustina Senior. Died AD 140/1. AV Aureus (20mm, 7.36 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Antoninus Pius, circa AD 150 (or later). DIVA FAVSTINA, veiled and draped bust left, with hair bound in pearls / AETER-NITAS, Fortuna standing left, holding rudder and globe. RIC III –; Beckmann dies df62/AB7.b (this coin); Calicó –; Biaggi –. EF, underlying luster. Extremely rare and possibly the only example in private hands. ($10,000) Ex Vinchon (7 November 1977), lot 116. Beckmann knew of only two coins with this reverse type paired with a bust left: our specimen and another in the Museo Arqueológico Nacional, Madrid.

637 638 637. Diva Faustina Senior. Died AD 140/1. AV Aureus (20mm, 7.22 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Antoninus Pius, circa late AD 150s. DIVA FAVSTINA, draped bust right, with hair bound in pearls / C-E-RES, Ceres standing left, holding grain ears and torch. RIC III 378a (Pius); Beckmann dies CC11/df117 (unlisted die combination); Calicó 1772a; Biaggi 815. EF, lustrous, a few tiny deposits on obverse. Attractive portrait. ($5000) From the Fendi Collection. Ex Heritage 3041 (13 August 2015), lot 32080.

638. Marcus Aurelius. As Caesar, AD 139-161. AV Aureus (18mm, 7.31 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Antoninus Pius, AD 145-147. AVRELIVS CAE-SAR AVG PII F COS II, bareheaded bust right, slight drapery / HILA-RI-TAS, Hilaritas standing left, holding palm frond and cornucopia. RIC III 432 (Pius) var. (bust type); Calicó 1860a; Biaggi 850 var. (bust type, arrangement of rev. legend). EF, underlying luster. ($10,000) 177


Ex Sydenham Collection

639. Marcus Aurelius. As Caesar, AD 139-161. Æ Sestertius (32mm, 26.08 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck under Antoninus Pius, AD 152-153. Bareheaded and draped bust right / Minerva seated right, holding spear and parazonium, with shield at side. RIC III 1309b (Pius); Banti 329. Good VF, dark brown patina, a few minor cleaning marks. Excellent portrait. ($750) Ex Edward A. Sydenham Collection (Glendining, 10 December 1941), lot 168.

640. Marcus Aurelius. AD 161-180. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.47 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 162. Bare head right / Concordia seated left, holding patera and resting left arm on statuette of Spes; cornucopia below seat. RIC III 35; MIR 18, 32-4/10; RSC 35. EF, toned. ($500) Ex James Fox Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 40, with Numismatica Ars Classica, 4 December 1996), lot 1532.

Pedigreed to 1923 Ex Enrico Caruso Collection

641. Marcus Aurelius. AD 161-180. AV Aureus (19mm, 7.27 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 165. M ANTONINVS AVG ARMENIACVS, laureate and cuirassed bust right / P M TR P XIX IMP III COS III, Felicitas standing left, with left foot on globe, holding caduceus and cornucopia. RIC III 137; MIR 18, 116-2/35; Calicó 1898a (this coin illustrated); Biaggi –. Near EF, light graze on reverse. ($5000) From the Fendi Collection. Ex Heritage 3042 (17 September 2015), lot 29216; Enrico Caruso Collection (Canessa, 28 June 1923), lot 364.

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642. Faustina Junior. Augusta, AD 147-175. AV Aureus (20mm, 7.31 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Antoninus Pius, circa AD 147-152. FAVSTINA AVG ANTONINI AVG PII FIL, draped bust right / CONCOR-DIA, Concordia standing facing, head left, holding hem of skirt and cornucopia. RIC III 500a (Pius) var. (obv. legend); Calicó 2043 var. (Concordia looking right); BMCRE 1078 note (Pius); Biaggi 918 var. (obv. legend). Choice EF. Struck in high relief. Fine style. ($20,000) Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 92 (Part I, 23 May 2016), lot 598.

643. Faustina Junior. Augusta, AD 147-175. AV Aureus (18mm, 6.53 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Antoninus Pius, circa AD 147-150. FAVSTINA AVG PII AVG FIL, draped bust left / CONCORDIA, dove standing right. RIC III 503b (Pius); Calicó 2044c; Biaggi 922. Good VF, lightly toned, a few scratches. Attractive portrait. ($5000) From the Fendi Collection. Ex Heritage 3041 (13 August 2015), lot 32082.

644. Faustina Junior. Augusta, AD 147-175. Fourrée Aureus (21mm, 7.12 g, 12h). Contemporary counterfeit. DIΛ FΛVSTINΛ ΛVGVSTΛ RIII, draped bust right / COS IIII, emperor, togate, standing left, sacrificing over alter. Cf. Calico 2098a (for similar imitation); Triton XXI, lot 775 (same dies). EF, thin surface cracks on obverse, minor edge mark. A rare and interesting forgery combining an obverse die modeled after Faustina Junior and a reverse die modeled after Antoninus Pius. ($5000) Struck with the same dies as the Triton XXI example (lot 775), this piece has been made to a weight approximating a genuine aureus. However, as the core consists of lighter base metal, the specific gravity of these counterfeits is obviously inconsistent with genuine aurei.

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Harmony Between the Augusti

645. Lucius Verus. AD 161-169. AV Aureus (20mm, 7.24 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 161. IMP CAES L AV-REL VERVS AVG, bare head right / CONCORDIAE AVGVSTOR, COS II in exergue, togate Lucius Verus and Marcus Aurelius standing facing each other, clasping right hands, each holding volumen in left hand. RIC III –; MIR 18, 4-12/10; Calicó 2110 (same dies as illustration); BMCRE p. 390, note *; Biaggi 948 var. (break in obv. legend). Superb EF, lustrous. Rare. ($10,000) Hadrian, childless and without either a successor or heir, chose Lucius Ceionius Commodus as his adopted son in AD 136, and renamed him as Lucius Aelius Caesar. Aelius was sent to the Roman province of Pannonia to serve as governor, where he died of tuberculosis in AD 138. Hadrian now made his second choice for his heir, Titus Aurelius Fulvus Boionius Antoninus. Hadrian actually wanted Marcus Aurelius to succeed him on the throne, but realized that Aurelius was far too young, so instead he went with the highly respected Antoninus. As a condition of his adoption, and to ensure an orderly line of succession, Antoninus Pius adopted both his nephew, Marcus Aurelius, and Aelius Caesar’s son, Lucius. The relatively young Lucius would change his name to Lucius Aelius Aurelius Commodus, but he would later drop Commodus and add Verus after ascending to the throne, along with his adoptive brother and co-ruler Marcus Aurelius. The present type depicts the two “brothers” and co-rulers clasping hands with an inscription noting the “harmony” between the two Augusti.

Exquisite Crispina Aureus

646. Crispina. Augusta, AD 178-182. AV Aureus (20mm, 7.26 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Commodus, AD 180183. CRISPINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right / VENVS F-ELIX, Venus seated left, holding Cupid and scepter; below chair, dove standing left. RIC III 287 corr. (Cupid, not Victory); MIR 18, 21-2/10; Calicó 2377 corr. (same); Biaggi 1034. In NGC encapsulation, 3990776-003, graded Gem MS, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 5/5. Rare and with an elegant portrait. Perfectly struck in high relief. Among the finest known. ($75,000)

647

648

647. Didia Clara. Augusta, AD 193. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.08 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck under Didius Julianus. Draped bust right / Hilaritas standing left, holding long palm frond and cornucopia. RIC IV 10 (Didius Julianus); RSC 3. Good VF, toned, clashed reverse die. ($1500) 648. Pescennius Niger. AD 193-194. AR Denarius (17mm, 2.72 g, 12h). Antioch mint. Laureate head right / Trophy with arms at base. RIC IV 40; RSC 38. VF, lightly toned, some granularity and shallow cleaning marks. ($750) 180


649 650 649. Pescennius Niger. AD 193-194. AR Denarius (18mm, 2.77 g, 6h). Antioch mint. IMP CAES C PES-CEN NIG IVST AVG, laureate head right / MINER VICI, Minerva standing left, holding owl and spear. RIC IV –; BMCRE p. 616, 309A = RSC 53c var. (legends, shield beside Minerva); V.L. Nummus OG 6, lot 23 (same dies). Choice VF, toned, some porosity and scratches. Extremely rare variant. ($1500) Ex Heritage 3042 (17 September 2015), lot 29220 (since cleaned).

650. Clodius Albinus. As Caesar, AD 193-195. AR Denarius (1817mm, 3.37 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck under Septimius Severus, AD 194-195. Bare head right / Minerva standing facing, head left, holding olive branch and shield, cradling spear in left arm. RIC IV 7; RSC 48. Good VF, deeply toned. Great portrait. ($300)

Calicó Plate Coin

651. Septimius Severus. AD 193-211. AV Aureus (21mm, 7.23 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 194-195. L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP IIII, laureate head right / VICT AVG T-R P II COS II, Victory advancing right, holding wreath and palm frond. RIC IV 56A var. (Victory left); Calicó 2551 (this coin illustrated); Biaggi –. In NGC encapsulation, 4529601-001, graded Ch AU, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 3/5, marks. Test cuts. Rare. ($7500) Ex ArtCoins Roma 7 (20 May 2013), lot 669 (hammer €10,000).

652. Septimius Severus. AD 193-211. AV Aureus (20mm, 7.42 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 196-197. L • SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VIII, laureate head right / P M TR P IIII COS II P P, Victory advancing left, holding wreath and trophy. RIC IV 86B corr. (Victory to left, not right); Calicó 2498 (same obv. die as illustration); Biaggi –. Superb EF, lustrous, light scratch on obverse. Very rare. ($25,000) This type with Victory holding wreath and trophy is much rarer than the similar issue with her holding a wreath and palm frond (there is only one in CoinArchives for the current variant [= Leu 91, 2004, lot 592], compared to five with wreath and palm).

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Unique Design in Roman Coinage Bird’s-Eye View of the Decursio

653. Geta. As Caesar, AD 198-209. Æ Dupondius or As (25mm, 9.57 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck under Septimius Severus, circa AD 205. GETA CAES PONTIFEX, bare headed and cuirassed bust right, breastplate adorned with aegis / PRINC IVVENT COS, two horsemen galloping left above three horsemen galloping right; S C in exergue. RIC IV 131; BMCRE p. 337, ‡ = Cohen 169. VF, rough green patina, gently smoothed on cheek and neck. Medallic portrait. Extremely rare, possibly the second known (the other in Paris) and a unique type in all Roman coinage. ($1000) The reverse of this highly interesting issue depicts a military exercise known as the decursio. Although coins of Nero also depicts the drill, these earlier issues render this event from the ground level. The closest surviving artistic parallels for the Geta type are the well-known scenes of a decursio from the base of the Column of Antoninus Pius, which employ a similar bird’s-eye view.

VICT BRIT Pedigreed to 1935

654. Geta. AD 209-211. Æ Sestertius (32mm, 28.40 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 211. P SEPTIMIVS GETA PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head right / VICT BRIT TR POT III COS II, Victory seated right on cuirass, inscribing shield balanced on her knee; arms around, S C in exergue. RIC IV 172b; Banti 60. VF, brown surfaces, a few cleaning marks. ($1000) Ex Christopher Corbally Browne Collection (Sotheby’s, 25 March 1935), lot 202. Beginning in AD 208, Septimius Severus waged a military campaign against the Caledonians in northern Britain with his sons Caracalla and Geta. Due to his father’s illness, Caracalla took the lead in managing military operations throughout most of the campaign, while Geta took on administrative duties at the campaign base camp at Eboracum (modern York). By AD 210, all three family members were depicted on coins celebrating their success. This sestertius refers to the end of the British campaign. The obverse legend records Geta’s newly adopted title, “Britannicus,” while on the reverse Victory is engraving a shield as a memorial to the closing of the campaign.

655. Severus Alexander. AD 222-235. AV Aureus (20.5mm, 6.28 g, 12h). Rome mint. 6th emission, AD 226. IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, laureate and draped bust right / P M TR P V COS II P P, Severus Alexander, laureate and togate, standing left, sacrificing out of patera in right hand over lighted tripod to left, and holding volumen in left hand. RIC IV 54; Calicó 3107 (same rev. die as illustration); BMCRE 372 (same rev. die); Biaggi 1326 (same rev. die). Choice EF, lustrous. ($7500) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 102 (18 May 2016), lot 1048.

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656. Severus Alexander. AD 222-235. Æ As (23mm, 10.70 g, 12h). Rome mint. 7th emission, AD 227. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Mars advancing right, holding spear and trophy. RIC IV 458; BMCRE 418. Good VF, green patina, light cleaning marks. Portrait in high relief. Rare, one of only two in CoinArchives. ($300) Ex John Casey Collection (Morton & Eden 84, 2 December 2016), lot 436.

657. Maximinus I. AD 235-238. Æ Sestertius (32mm, 29.29 g, 12h). Rome mint. 3rd emission, late AD 236-237. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / VICTORIA GERMANICA, S C across field, Victory standing left, holding wreath and palm frond; to left, bound German captive seated left, head right. RIC IV 90; BMCRE 194-5; Banti 31. Good VF, natural brown surfaces, a few minor deposits. Struck on a broad flan. ($750) Ex Edward J. Waddell inventory, December 2012; Künker 204 (12 March 2012), lot 779.

658. Gordian I. AD 238. AR Denarius (21mm, 2.35 g, 12h). Rome mint. IMP M ANT GORDIANVS AFR AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / SECV-RITAS AVGG, Securitas seated left on throne, holding scepter. RIC IV 5; BMCRE 11; RSC 10. Good VF, some porosity. Rare. ($2500)

659. Gordian I. AD 238. Æ Sestertius (28mm, 17.89 g, 12h). Rome mint. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm frond. RIC IV 12; BMCRE 14-16; Banti 8. VF, green-brown patina, minor flan crack, reverse slightly double struck. Rare. ($1500) 183


660

661

662

660. Balbinus. AD 238. AR Denarius (20mm, 2.90 g, 12h). Rome mint. 1st emission. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Victory standing left, holding wreath and palm frond. RIC IV 8; BMCRE 37; RSC 27. VF, toned. ($300) 661. Aemilian. AD 253. AR Antoninianus (22mm, 2.78 g, 6h). Rome mint. 1st emission. Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Apollo standing left, holding olive branch and resting hand on lyre set on rock. RIC IV 1; RSC 2. Good VF, toned. Nice metal. ($300) 662. Diva Mariniana. Died before AD 253. AR Antoninianus (21mm, 3.44 g, 6h). Rome mint. 1st emission of Valerian I, AD 253-254. Veiled bust right, wearing stephane, set on crescent / Peacock walking right. RIC V 5; MIR 36, 214b; RSC 11. Good VF, toned. Well struck. Rare variant with peacock to right rather than facing. ($300)

Vabalathus, Usurper

663. Vabalathus. Usurper, AD 268-272. Antoninianus (19mm, 3.02 g, 12h). Antioch mint, 2nd officina. 2nd emission, March-May AD 272. Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Hercules standing right, with lion’s skin draped over right arm, holding club and Apples of the Hesperides; star to left. RIC V 4; Bland, Coinage 20j-k (dies 26/Ive v); BN 1265 var. (star to right). VF, earthen green patina. ($500) The son of Odenathus, the ruler of the rich eastern trade center Palmyra, and his wife Zenobia, Vabalathus was declared king following the murder of his father in AD 267. Since Vabalathus was still in his minority, Zenobia took over as regent, using the confusion following the death of Gallienus to expand Palmyrene power. In AD 269, the Palmyrenes seized control of Egypt and, with it, the Roman grain supply. To bolster her position, Zenobia laid claims to an illustrious ancestry, including Cleopatra VII of Egypt and the legendary Dido of Carthage. The emperor Aurelian recognized the threat posed by Zenobia and Vabalathus and launched a campaign. In AD 272, Palmyra was sacked and both Zenobia and Vabalathus were captured as they tried to make their way to Persia. The two were to be brought to Rome and paraded in Aurelian’s triumph in AD 274, but apparently only Zenobia survived the journey.

Superb Artistic Carinus Aureus

664. Carinus. As Caesar, AD 282-283. AV Aureus (19mm, 4.37 g, 6h). Siscia mint. 1st emission, November AD 282. M AVR CARINV-S NOB CAES, laureate and cuirassed bust right / VICTO-RIA AVG, wingless Victory standing left on globe, holding wreath in extended right hand and trophy in left. RIC V 190; Pink VI/2, p. 42; Calicó 4372; Hunter –. Superb EF, light red in devices with faint blue toning in fields. ($20,000) Ex Triton VII (13 January 2004), lot 1033. When the emperor Carus assumed the purple, he elevated his sons, Carinus and Numerian to the rank of Caesar. Carus left Carinus in command of the western half of the empire, while he and Numerian traveled east to campaign against the Sasanian Persians. During this time, Carinus successfully led campaigns against the Germans and Britons, who tried to take advantage of the emperor’s absence. This aureus was likely issued to proclaim these successful campaigns.

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666

665

665. Diocletian. AD 284-305. AR Argenteus (20mm, 3.43 g, 7h). Ticinum mint, 1st officina. Struck circa AD 295. Laureate head right / VICTORIA SARMAT, tetrarchs sacrificing over tripod before city enclosure with six turrets. RIC VI 16a; Jeločnik 29; RSC 488d. EF, lustrous surfaces, small scrape on neck. ($500) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 73 (13 September 2006), lot 994.

666. Diocletian. AD 284-305. AR Argenteus (20mm, 3.36 g, 6h). Serdica mint, 3rd officina. Struck circa AD 304-May AD 305. Laureate head right / VIRTVS MILITVM, three-turreted camp gate without doors; •SM•SDΓ•. RIC VI 1a (unlisted officina); Gautier 7; RSC 520b. Superb EF, toned with some iridescence around the devices. ($1000)

667. Diocletian. AD 284-305. AR Argenteus (20mm, 3.45 g, 12h). Thessalonica mint, 1st officina. Struck circa AD 302. Laureate head right / VIRTV-S MI-LITVM, four-turreted camp gate with doors; TS•A•. RIC VI 11a (unlisted officina); RSC 521b. EF, bright surfaces, light mark on obverse, hairline die break on reverse. ($500)

668. Maximianus. First reign, AD 286-305. AV Aureus (18mm, 5.19 g, 12h). Ticinum mint. Struck circa AD 303-304. MAXIMIAN-VS AVGVSTVS, laureate head right / XX/ MAXI/MIAN/I AVG/ SMT in five lines within wreath. RIC VI 11b (R3); Depeyrot 7/2; Calicó 4770. EF. Rare. ($20,000) Ex Naville XVII (3 October 1934), lot 929. A donative issue struck on the occasion of the vicennalia of Diocletian and Maximianus.

669. Maximianus. First reign, AD 286-305. AR Argenteus (19mm, 3.05 g, 6h). Siscia mint. Struck circa AD 303. Laureate head right / VICTORI-A AVGG, four-turreted camp gate without doors; SIS. RIC VI –; RSC –. Choice EF, toned, lustrous surfaces. Extremely rare. ($1000) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 88 (14 September 2011), lot 1408.

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670 671 670. Maximianus. First reign, AD 286-305. AR Argenteus (21mm, 3.47 g, 12h). Thesssalonica mint, 2nd officina. Struck circa AD 302. Laureate head right / VIRTV-S MI-LITVM, four-turreted camp gate with doors; star above arch; TS•B•. RIC VI 11b (unlisted officina); RSC 631†c. EF. Very rare. ($750) 671. Maximianus. First reign, AD 286-305. AR Argenteus (20mm, 3.32 g, 11h). Antioch mint, 8th officina. Struck circa AD 297. Laureate head right / VIRTVS MILITVM, three-turreted camp gate without doors; ANT•H. RIC VI 39b; Gautier, Trouvaille 217; RSC 627j. EF. ($750)

672. Constantius I. As Caesar, AD 293-305. AR Argenteus (18mm, 3.32 g, 6h). Siscia mint. Struck circa AD 295. Laureate head right / VIRTVS MILITVM, tetrarchs sacrificing over tripod before city enclosure with six turrets; SIS. RIC VI –; Jeločnik –; RSC –. EF, toned. Extremely rare. ($1000) Ex Nomos 7 (15 May 2013), lot 201; Tetrarchy Collection (Nomos 3, 10 May 2011), lot 232. RIC only lists this issue with SIS mint mark for Diocletian, Maximianus, and Galerius Caesar.

673. Constantius I. As Caesar, AD 293-305. AR Argenteus (20mm, 3.58 g, 12h). Siscia mint. Struck circa AD 300. Laureate head right / VIRTVS MILITVM, three-turreted camp gate without doors; *SIS. RIC VI 67a; Jeločnik –; RSC 320a. Superb EF, iridescent tone around devices, tiny obverse die break, minor doubling at periphery of reverse. ($1000) Ex CNG Inventory 887663 (February 2011); Triton XIV (4 January 2011), lot 819.

674 675 674. Galerius. As Caesar, AD 293-305. AR Argenteus (19mm, 3.19 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 294. Laureate head right / VIRTVS MILITVM, tetrarchs sacrificing over tripod before city enclosure with six turrets. RIC VI 29b; Jeločnik 79; RSC 219a. EF, lustrous. ($500) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 93 (22 May 2013), lot 1248; Classical Numismatic Group 87 (18 May 2011), lot 1149.

675. Galerius. As Caesar, AD 293-305. AR Argenteus (18mm, 3.45 g, 12h). Thessalonica mint, 1st officina. Struck circa AD 302. Laureate head right / VIRTVS MILITVM, three-turreted camp gate without doors; TS•A•. RIC VI 14b; Jeločnik –; RSC 223c. Choice EF, toned with iridescence around devices. ($750) 186


676 677 676. Galerius. As Caesar, AD 293-305. AR Argenteus (20.5mm, 3.51 g, 6h). Thessalonica mint, 3rd officina. Struck circa AD 302. Laureate head right / CONCORD-IA MI-LITVM, four-turreted camp gate with doors; star above arch; TS •Γ•. RIC VI 8 (unlisted officina); RSC 22A; CNG 93, lot 1250 = Nomos 3, lot 225 (same dies). EF, bright surfaces. Extremely rare. ($750) 677. Galerius. AD 305-311. AR Argenteus (20mm, 3.22 g, 12h). Serdica mint, 5th officina. Struck AD 305-306. Laureate head right / VIRTVS MILITVM, three-turreted camp gate without doors; •SM•SDЄ•. RIC VI 11b; Gautier 26 var. (officina); RSC 228†a. Choice EF. Rare issue as Augustus. ($750)

Among the Finest Known Licinius I Facing Aureus

678. Licinius I. AD 308-324. AV Aureus (21.5mm, 5.33 g, 11h). Decennalia issue. Nicomedia mint, 4th officina. Struck AD 321-322. LICINIVS AVG OB D V FILII SVI, bareheaded, draped, and cuirassed facing bust / IOVI CONS LICINI AVG, Jupiter, holding Victory on globe in right hand and scepter in left, seated facing on high-backed throne set on platform inscribed SIC •X•/SIC •XX• in two lines; at feet to left, eagle standing left, head right, holding wreath in beak; SMNΔ. RIC VII 41; Depeyrot 31/1; Calicó 5094; Hunter –. Superb EF, fully lustrous. Exquisitely detailed and artistically important facing portrait struck in high relief, paired with an equally skilled and evocative Jupiter. Among the finest known. ($75,000) Ex Tkalec (24 October 2003), lot 412. Earlier facing head portraits can be found on aurei of Postumus, Carausius, Maxentius, and Constantine I, but the great rarity of these issues today suggests they were only struck in very limited quantities for special occasions or were experiments that failed to gain traction. The facing head aurei of Licinius I and II, struck for their tenth and fifth anniversaries, respectively, thus mark the first effort to put facing-head aurei into general circulation in somewhat sizeable numbers and set a precedent for what will eventually become the norm for later Roman and Byzantine issues. It is often remarked that while earlier portraits of emperors attempt to capture individuality (not necessarily reality), late Roman portraits subsume individuality in favor of a quasi-divine image. While the Licinian issues are not devoid of individualized features (see for example, NAC 62, lot 2093, which shares the same reverse die as our coin but carries a more mature portrait of Licinius II wearing long sideburns), through their rigid frontality and intense gaze they transfix the viewer in a startlingly bold and immediate way. They are, like religious icons of their time, both didactic and devotional.

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Martinian, Usurper

679. Martinian. Usurper, AD 324. Æ (19mm, 3.24 g, 6h). Nicomedia mint, 3rd officina. D N M MARTINIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / IOVI CONS-ERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe in right hand and scepter in left; to left, eagle standing right, holding wreath in beak; to right, bound captive seated right; X/IIn// SMNΓ. RIC VII 45; Hunter 1 var. (officina). Near VF, brown patina with earthen deposits, light roughness, typical weakness of strike. Rare. ($2000)

680. Fausta. Augusta, AD 324-326. Æ Follis (19mm, 3.55 g, 6h). Sirmium mint. Struck AD 324-325. Draped bust right / Fausta (or Salus) standing facing, head left, holding two children in her arms; SIRM. RIC VII 55; LRBC 810. Choice EF, with original silvering. Finely engraved reverse scene. Rare, the only follis issue for Fausta at Sirmium. ($300)

681. Constantine II. AD 337-340. AV Solidus (22mm, 4.52 g, 6h). Antioch mint, 7th officina. FL IVL CONSTANTINVS PERP AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / VICTORIA AVGVSTORVM, Victory seated right on cuirass, behind which is a shield, inscribing VOT/XX/MVLT/XXX on shield set on knee; to right, small winged Genius standing left, supporting shield; SMANZ. RIC VIII 23 (R3); Depeyrot 5/1. Good VF, scattered light marks, small cut on edge. Very rare. ($2000)

682. Constantius II. AD 337-361. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.38 g, 12h). Antioch mint, 5th officina. Struck AD 355-361. Pearl-diademed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear and shield / Roma seated facing and Constantinopolis seated slightly left, with foot on prow, each holding scepter and supporting between them a shield inscribed VOT/XX/MVLT/XXX in four lines; SMANЄ•. RIC VIII 162; Depeyrot 9/1. Near EF, small edge mark. ($2000) 188


683. Julian II. AD 360-363. Æ (27mm, 8.80 g, 6h). Sirmium mint, 1st officina. Struck AD 361-363. Pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Bull standing right; two stars above; *ASIRM(wreath). RIC VIII 106; LRBC 1621. EF, hard dark green patina. Choice. ($750)

684. Festival of Isis. Mid 4th century AD. Æ (15mm, 1.56 g, 12h). Alexandria mint, 3rd officina. DEO SANCT-O SARAPIDI, head of Serapis right, wearing modius / DEO SANCTO NILO, Nilus reclining left on hippopotamus, holding reed and cornucopia; Γ/–//ALE. Alföldi, Festival pl. IV, 35; Vagi 2959. Good VF, dark green patina under a thick layer of earthen deposits. Choice. ($300) Ex Roma E-Sale 30 (29 October 2016), lot 608 (hammer £1,100).

685. Valentinian I. AD 364-375. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.42 g, 6h). Nicomedia mint, 10th officina. Struck AD 364. Rosettediademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Valentinian standing facing, head right, holding labarum and Victory on globe; SMNI. RIC IX 2b.3; Depeyrot 10/1. Good VF, small obverse die breaks, a few minor marks. ($750)

Extremely Rare Valentinian Semissis

686. Valentinian I. AD 364-375. AV Semissis (18mm, 2.25 g, 12h). Antioch mint. Struck AD 367-375. D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / VICTORIA AVGVSTORVM, Victory seated right on cuirass, behind which is a shield, inscribing VOT/X/MVLT/XX on shield set on knee; to right, small winged Genius standing left, supporting shield; ANT. RIC IX 24a; Depeyrot 34/1. In NGC encapsulation, 3923675-002, graded Ch MS*, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 5/5. Extremely rare, the sole example in CoinArchives. ($7500) Ex Palombo 13 (13 December 2014), lot 127 (hammer 22,500 CHF); Hess-Divo 324 (23 October 2013), lot 123 (hammer 19,000 CHF); Numismatica Genevensis SA 6 (30 November 2010), lot 206; Tkalec (7 May 2009), lot 213.

189


Very Rare Milan Issue

687. Valens. AD 364-378. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.34 g, 6h). Mediolanum (Milan) mint. Struck early AD 365. D N VALE-NS AVG, pearl-diademed bust left, wearing consular robes, holding mappa and scepter / VOTA PV-BLICA, Valens and Valentinian I seated facing on double throne, each wearing consular robes and holding mappa and scepter; MED. RIC IX 3b; Ulrich-Bansa 9; Toffanin 435 (this coin illustrated); Depeyrot 4/2. Near EF, toned, minor edge marks. Very rare. ($4000) From the D. Massey Collection. Ex Joseph Melchione Collection (Goldberg 70, 4 September 2012), lot 3420 (hammer $4600).

688. Arcadius. AD 383-408. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.42 g, 12h). Thessalonica mint. Struck circa AD 408(?). D N ARCADIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear and shield; on shield, Victory to left, holding wreath, between two kneeling captives / CONCORDI-A AVGGG, Constantinopolis seated facing, head right, with foot on prow, holding scepter and Victory on globe; *//TESOB. RIC IX –; Depeyrot –. Good VF, small nick at edge. Apparently unrecorded. ($1500) Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 78 (26 May 2014), lot 1232 (hammer 3,250 CHF). The presence of AVGGG rather than AVGG on the reverse places this coin between AD 402 and 408, during the reign of Honorius, Arcadius, and Theodosius, but it must certainly date to the waning days of Arcadius’ reign, immediately preceding or contemporary with the similar “TESOB” coinage of Theodosius II and Honorius, which also features Victory and kneeling figure(s) as a shield design (see D. M. Metcalf, “Minting at Thessalonica in the fifth and sixth centuries and the gold currency of Illyricum and Dalmatia,” SEBGC [1988], nos. 1-2 and 19-20; our coin is certainly by the same hand as Metcalf no. 19 [= Glendining, 25 November 1953, lot 206]). Following Metcalf’s chronology, this series of coins was then replaced with issues with the reverse legend ending AVGG, thus following the death of Arcadius in May AD 408, and with two subsequent shield designs: 1) Victory standing left on prow; and 2) horseman riding right.

689

690

689. Arcadius. AD 383-408. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.45 g, 12h). Constantinople mint, 7th officina. Struck circa AD 383385. Rosette-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Constantinopolis seated facing, head right, with foot on prow, holding scepter and globe; Z//CONOB. RIC IX 46g.2-3; Depeyrot 38/6. Near EF. ($750) Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 64 (17 May 2012), lot 1334 (hammer 2000 CHF); Classical Numismatic Group 69 (8 June 2005), lot 1776. The mint marks Z and retrograde Z are both recorded for this issue. This particular coin appears to have both, although it is uncertain which is engraved over the other.

690. Arcadius. AD 383-408. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.52 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 10th officina. Struck circa AD 388392. Rosette-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Constantinopolis seated facing, head right, with foot on prow, holding scepter and shield inscribed VOT/V/MVL/X in four lines; I//CONOB. RIC IX 70c.2; Depeyrot 48/2. Near EF, underlying luster, slight wave in flan. ($750) Ex Dr. Arthur Ziegler Collection (Hirsch 296, 15 February 2014), lot 2401.

190


Very Rare Eugenius Solidus Pedigreed to 1913

691. Eugenius. AD 392-394. AV Solidus (22mm, 4.40 g, 12h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck circa AD 392-393. D N EVGENI-VS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / VICTOR-IA AVGG, two emperors seated facing on double throne, both supporting globe between them, that on the right also holding mappa; above, Victory facing, with wings spread; palm branch between legs; L-D//COM. RIC IX 45; Lyon 229j (this coin, illustrated on pl. XXIII); Depeyrot 18/1. Good VF, toned, very slight wave in flan, small edge crack and a couple minor marks. Very rare and with a wonderful pedigree. ($30,000) Ex Hess-Divo 329 (17 November 2015), lot 188; G. de Manteyer Collection (Florange & Ciani, 22 February 1932), lot 370; L. Vierordt Collection (Part I, J. Schulman, 5 March 1923), lot 2878; Manuel Vidal Quadras y Ramón Collection (Bourgey, 16 December 1913), lot 745. Following the death of Valentinian II in May AD 392, his Frankish magister militum, Arbogast, hailed Eugenius emperor of the West. The newly acclaimed emperor, a professor of grammar and rhetoric, seemed a suitable selection as he posed little threat to Arbogast’s military ambitions. Eugenius, however, antagonized the eastern emperor Theodosius I by replacing Theodosius’ officials with his own loyalists, greatly hampering the eastern ruler’s control over the West. Moreover, Eugenius’ sympathetic attitude toward pagans and the old Roman religion was completely at odds with Theodosius’ persecution of paganism. By May of AD 394, Theodosian forces were advancing west, with the two imperial armies meeting in combat at the Battle of Frigid River in September of AD 394. Theodosius’ forces were victorious, with Eugenius being captured and executed, while Arbogast committed suicide. The victory left Theodosius as sole ruler over the whole empire (the last emperor to hold this position), and greatly hastened the decline of paganism in the West.

Ex British Museum Collection

692. Honorius. AD 393-423. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.46 g, 6h). Ravenna mint. Struck AD 402-406. Pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Honorius standing right, spurning captive, holding labarum and Victory on globe; R-V// COMOB. RIC X 1287d; Ranieri 12; Depeyrot 7/1. Good VF, a few marks. ($750) Deaccessioned from the British Museum by exchange on 14 February 1980 (a copy of a note from R. A. G Carson, documenting the exchange, will be provided to the winner of this lot upon request).

693. Honorius. AD 393-423. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.51 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 1st officina. Struck AD 408-420. Pearl-diademed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear and shield / Constantinopolis seated facing, head right, with foot on prow, holding scepter and Victory on globe; star to left; H//CONOB. RIC X 201; Depeyrot 73/1. EF, toned with underlying luster, minor edge bump. Nice surfaces. ($750) Ex Stack’s Bowers and Ponterio 164 (6 January 2012), lot 404.

191


694. Honorius. AD 393-423. Æ Exagium Solidi Weight (16mm, 4.24 g, 12h). Pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; DN HONORI upward to left, VS AVG downward to right / Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopia; EXAGIVM upward to left, SOLIDI downward to right. Bendall 5; Sabatier, Description 3; C&W 410. Good VF, earthen green patina. Rare. ($500) Ex Roma XIV (21 September 2017), lot 835 (hammer £1,000).

695. Theodosius II. AD 402-450. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.43 g, 6h). Thessalonica mint. Struck AD 430. Pearl-diademed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear and shield / Constantinopolis seated left, with foot on prow, holding globus cruciger and scepter; star to right, shield at side of throne; TЄSOB. RIC X 366; Depeyrot 52/1 corr. (star to right, not left). Choice EF, lustrous surfaces, minor reverse die rust. Rare. ($1000) Ex Vico 133 (15 November 2012), lot 2623.

696 697 696. Theodosius II. AD 402-450. AV Solidus (21.5mm, 4.41 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 9th officina. Struck AD 408420. Pearl-diademed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear and shield / Constantinopolis seated facing, head right, with foot on prow, holding scepter and Victory on globe; star to left; Θ//CONOB. RIC X 202; Depeyrot 73/2. EF, lustrous. ($500) 697. Theodosius II. AD 402-450. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.41 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck AD 415. Pearl-diademed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust right, holding shield and spear / Roma and Constantinopolis, with foot on prow, enthroned facing, each holding scepter and supporting between them a shield inscribed VOT/XV/MVL/XX in four lines; star to left; CONOB. RIC X 207; Depeyrot 61/1. Good VF, once cleaned. Interesting bust type. ($1500) Ex Goldberg 70 (4 September 2012), lot 3441.

698. Theodosius II. AD 402-450. AV Solidus (22mm, 4.46 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 7th officina. Struck late AD 425-429. Pearl-diadmed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear and shield / Theodosius II and Valentinian III seated facing on double throne, each nimbate and wearing consular robes, holding mappa and cruciform scepter; star above; Z//CONOB. RIC X 237; Depeyrot 79/1. EF, underlying luster, tiny reverse die breaks. ($750) 192


699. Theodosius II. AD 402-450. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.44 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 4th officina. Struck AD 441. Pearl-diademed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear and shield / Helmeted warrior advancing right, head left, dragging captive and carrying trophy over shoulder; star to right; Δ//CONOB. RIC X 284; Depeyrot 83/1. Choice EF. ($1000) Ex Helios 8 (13 October 2012), lot 118.

700. Aelia Eudocia. Augusta, AD 423-460. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.49 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck AD 428-429. AEL EVDO-CIA AVG, pearl-diademed and draped bust right, being crowned by manus Dei / VOT XX MVLT XXX, Victory standing left, holding long, jeweled cross; star in upper left field; CONOB. RIC X 228; Depeyrot 75/2. EF. ($5000) Ex Triton XVII (6 January 2014), lot 814 (hammer $19,000).

701. Aelia Pulcheria. Augusta, AD 414-453. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.31 g, 12h). Constantinople mint. Struck AD 443-450. AEL PVLCH-ERIA AVG, pearl-diademed and draped bust right, being crowned by manus Dei / IMP XXXXII COS XVII P P, Constantinopolis seated left, with foot on prow, holding globus cruciger and scepter; star to left, shield at side of throne; COMOB. RIC X 288 (R5); Depeyrot 84/3. Near EF, underlying luster. Rare. ($2000) Ex Heritage 3021 (6 January 2013), lot 21431.

702. Licinia Eudoxia. Augusta, circa AD 439-455. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.39 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck AD 443450. AEL EVDO-XIA AVG, pearl-diademed and draped bust right, being crowned by manus Dei / IMP XXXXII COS XVII P P, Constantinopolis seated left, with foot on prow, holding globus cruciger and scepter; star to left, shield at side of throne; COMOB. RIC X 290 (R5); Depeyrot 84/5. Near EF. Very rare. ($5000) Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 78 (26 May 2014), lot 1260; Leu/Numismatica Ars Classica (26 May 1993), lot 435.

193


Rare Consular Solidus

703. Leo I. AD 457-474. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.39 g, 6h). Thessalonica mint. Struck AD 462 or 466. D N LEO PERPET AVG, pearl-diademed bust left, wearing consular robes, holding mappa and cruciform scepter / VICTORI-A AVGGG, Leo enthroned facing, nimbate and wearing consular robes, holding mappa and cruciform scepter; star to left; THSOB. RIC X 620; Metcalf, Thess. 191 (same obv. die); Depeyrot 58/1. In NGC encapsulation, 3928170-021, graded MS*, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 5/5. Rare. ($10,000) Ex Property of a European Nobleman (Numismatica Ars Classica 24, 5 December 2002), lot 353; William J. Conte Collection (Baldwin’s 2, 5 October 1994), lot 19; Superior (10 December 1988), lot 2582.

704 705 704. Leo I. AD 457-474. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.35 g, 6h). Thessalonica mint. Struck AD 462-473. Pearl-diademed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear and shield / Victory standing left, holding long, jeweled cross; stars flanking; THSOB. RIC X 618; Depeyrot 59/1. EF, minor die wear. ($500) From the D. Massey Collection. Ex Gorny & Mosch 186 (8 March 2010), lot 2406 (hammer €1100).

705. Leo I. AD 457-474. AV Semissis (18mm, 2.25 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck AD 462 or 466. Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right / Victory seated right on cuirass, inscribing XVXXX on shield set on knee; star to left, staurogram to right; CONOB. RIC X 608; Depeyrot 95/1. Superb EF. ($500)

706. Leo II, with Zeno. AD 474. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.47 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. D N LEO ET Z-ENO P P AVG, pearl-diademed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear and shield / SALVS REI PVBLICAE, Leo and Zeno seated facing on double throne, each holding mappa; star and cross above; CONOB. RIC X 803; Depeyrot 98/1. Choice EF, lustrous, faint graffiti in field on obverse. Rare. ($3000) Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 84 (20 May 2015), lot 1311.

194


707. Anthemius. AD 467-472. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.42 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 468. D N ANTHEMI-VS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / SALVS RE-I PV-BLICAE, Anthemius and Leo I standing facing, each holding spear and supporting between them a large globus cruciger; *//CORMOB. RIC X 2826 var. (arrangement of rev. legend); Lacam 75 var. (as last; same obv. die); Depeyrot 63/3 (citing 1 specimen in Vienna). EF, faint graffiti in left field of obverse, minor doubling on reverse. Very rare. ($7500) After the death of Libius Severus, the western half of the Roman Empire was without an emperor for over a year. The power was wielded de facto by Ricimer, and Leo was either too busy or did not feel there was a need to nominate an emperor. Matters changed, however, probably as a result of a Vandal raid into Greece, and Leo designated Procopius Anthemius emperor of the western provinces to deal with the Vandal menace issuing from Africa under their king, Gaiseric. The expedition against Gaiseric was a total failure from the start due to the incompetence of the joint commander from the East, Leo’s brother-in-law Basiliscus. With the failure to defeat the Vandals and anti-Greek feelings in Rome, Anthemius was unpopular and eventually Olybrius, with the aid of Ricimer, usurped power. Anthemius was killed by the barbarian soldier Gundobald as he attempted to flee Rome.

708 709 708. Basiliscus. AD 475-476. AV Solidus (22mm, 4.38 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Pearl-diademed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear and shield / Victory standing left, holding long, jeweled cross; star to right; CONOB. RIC X 1003; Depeyrot 101/1. EF, lustrous, double struck. ($1500) From the D. Massey Collection, purchased from Harlan J. Berk.

709. Basiliscus & Marcus. AD 475-476. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.45 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 9th officina. D N ЬASILISCI Eτ MARC P AVC, pearl-diademed, helmeted, and cuirassed facing bust, holding spear and shield / VICTORI-A AVCC, Victory standing left, holding long, jeweled cross; star to right; Θ//CONOB. RIC X 1024; Depeyrot 105/2. EF, a few faint marks in obverse field. Rare. ($3000) Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 84 (20 May 2015), lot 1314 (hammer 6000 CHF).

710. Zeno. Second reign, AD 476-491. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.47 g, 6h). Thessalonica mint. Pearl-diademed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear and shield / Victory standing left, holding long, jeweled cross; stars flanking; CONOB. RIC X 941; Depeyrot 62/1. EF, underlying luster. ($1000)

711. Zeno. Second reign, AD 476-491. Æ (11.5mm, 1.09 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Helmeted, diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Zeno standing facing, holding long cross and globe. RIC X 954. EF, black patina, earthen encrustation. Rare. ($300) 195


ROMANO-BYZANTINE WEIGHTS

712. Commercial weights. 4th-5th centuries. Æ Six ounce weight (44x45mm, 160.10 g). Cross and monogram above Γ º S; all within ornate arch supported by two Corinthian columns / Blank. Cf. Bendall 56 = Dürr 315 (for similar weight without monogram). VF, green patina, a few minor scratches. Excellent preservation of silver inlay. ($500)

713. Commercial weights. 4th-5th centuries. Æ Half ounce weight (21x20mm, 12.73 g). Three facing imperial busts between twisted columns supporting three arches; IB below / Blank. Bendall –; Dürr –. VF, brown surfaces, nice preservation of inlay. ($300)

BYZANTINE COINAGE

714

715

714. Anastasius I. 491-518. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.43 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 10th officina. Struck 492-507. Helmeted and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear over shoulder and shield / Victory standing left, holding long, jeweled cross; star to right; I//CONOB. DOC 3i; MIBE 4a; SB 3. Choice EF. ($750) 715. Anastasius I. 491-518. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.50 g, 5h). Constantinople mint, 1st officina. Struck 507-518. Helmeted and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear over shoulder and shield / Victory standing left, holding staff surmounted by reversed staurogram; star to left; A//CONOB. DOC 7a; MIBE 7; SB 5. Near EF, underlying luster. ($750) From the D. Massey Collection. Ex Lanz 144 (24 November 2008), lot 750.

196


716. Justin I. 518-527. AV Solidus (22mm, 4.47 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 2nd officina. Struck 519-527. Helmeted and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear over shoulder and shield / Angel standing facing, holding long cross and globus cruciger; star to right; B//CONOB. DOC 2b; MIBE 3; SB 56. Good VF, underlying luster. ($500) From the D. Massey Collection. Ex iNumis 6 (7 November 2008), lot 407.

717. Justin I & Justinian I. 527. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.48 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 7th officina. Struck 4 April-1 August. D N IVSTIN ЄT IVSTINIAN P P AVG, Justin and Justinian seated facing on throne with curved back and no crossbar, each holding scroll; CONOB / VICTORI A AVGGG, angel standing facing, holding long cross and globus cruciger; star to right; Z//CONOB. DOC –; MIBE 3a; Metcalf, Joint, Group IIIa, 52 (dies C1/– [unlisted rev. die]); SB 115c. Good VF, a few scrapes, hairline die break on obverse. ($2000)

New Variety for Justinian

718. Justinian I. 527-565. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.46 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 7th officina. Struck 527-537. Helmeted and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear over shoulder and shield / Angel standing facing, holding long cross and globus cruciger; Z//CONOB. DOC 3 var.; MIBE 5 var.; SB 137 var. (all with star in rev. field). Good VF, a few minor marks. Unpublished in the standard references without star. ($1000)

719 720 719. Justinian I. 527-565. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.45 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 10th officina. Struck 542-552. Helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, holding globus cruciger and shield / Angel standing facing, holding long staff surmounted by staurogram and globus cruciger; star to right; I//CONOB. DOC 9j; MIBE 7; SB 140. EF, lustrous, some doubling on reverse. ($500) From the Iconodule Collection.

720. Justinian I. 527-565. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.40 g, 6h). Carthage mint. Dated IY 10 (546/7). Helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, holding globus cruciger and shield / Angel standing facing, holding long cross and globus cruciger; star to right; I//CONOB. DOC 277e; MIBE 256; SB 250. Good VF, some striking weakness. ($500) From the D. Massey Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 84 (5 May 2010), lot 1601.

197


721. Justinian I. 527-565. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.39 g, 5h). Ravenna mint, 3rd officina. Struck 552-565. Helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, holding globus cruciger and shield / Angel standing facing, holding long staff surmounted by staurogram and globus crucigert; star to right; Γ//CONOB. DOC 333a; MIBE 37; Ranieri 316; SB 312. Good VF, graffito on obverse, scraped on reverse. ($500) From the D. Massey Collection. Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 51 (5 March 2009), lot 1108.

722. Justin II. 565-578. AR Ceremonial Miliarense (24mm, 4.08 g, 5h). Constantinople mint. D N IVSTI NVS P P AVI, draped and cuirassed bust right, wearing diademed and crested helmet; all within border of large pellets / GLORIA [RO] NANORVH (sic), emperor, nimbate and in military attire, standing facing, head right, holding spear and globus cruciger; star to right; all within border of large pellets. DOC 16.1; MIBE 28; SB 354. Good VF, toned, obverse die break through portrait. Extremely rare, only three cited in MIBE. ($2000)

723. Justin II. 565-578. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.37 g, 6h). Thessalonica mint. Struck circa 567/70-578. D N I-VSTI-NVS P P AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, holding Victory on globe and shield / VICTORI-A AVGGG, Constantinopolis enthroned facing, head right, holding scepter and globus cruciger; T//CONOB. DOC –; MIBE 17; Metcalf, Thess. 413-8 = Oeconomides-Caramessini & Touratsoglou, Thessaloniki 63-7; SB 364C. In NGC encapsulation, 3807367-013, graded MS, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 3/5. Extremely rare, only two in CoinArchives (both from the Dimitriadis collection). ($1000) Ex Andre Constantine Dimitriadis Collection (Heritage 3035, 3 September 2014), lot 29326; “An important Private Collection of Byzantine Coins” (Sotheby’s New York, 2 November 1988), lot 107.

724. Tiberius II Constantine. 578-582. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.38 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 579. CONSTANT A–ЧC ЧIЧ FЄLIX, crowned bust facing, wearing consular robes, holding mappa and eagle-and-cross-tipped scepter / ЧICTOR TI–ЬЄRI AЧG, cross potent set upon four steps; CONOB. DOC 2; MIBE 2; SB 420. Near EF, lustrous, a little weakly struck on the reverse. Rare. ($1000) Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 92, Part I (23 May 2016), lot 916; Classical Numismatic Group 96 (14 May 2014), lot 968.

198


726 725 725. Tiberius II Constantine. 578-582. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.51 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 7th officina. Struck 579582. Crowned and cuirassed bust facing, holding globus cruciger and shield / Cross potent set upon four steps; Z//CONOB. DOC 4g; MIBE 4; SB 422. EF, lustrous, some peripheral striking weakness. ($500) From the D. Massey Collection. Ex Helios Numismatik 5 (25 June 2010), lot 486.

726. Tiberius II Constantine. 578-582. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.49 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 8th officina. Struck 579582. Crowned and cuirassed bust facing, holding globus cruciger and shield / Cross potent set upon four steps; H//CONOB. DOC 4h; MIBE 4; SB 422. EF, die flaw (or extra metal) on Tiberius’ face. ($500) From the D. Massey Collection. Ex Christov Family Collection (Goldberg 53, 26 May 2009), lot 2031.

727. Tiberius II Constantine. 578-582. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.21 g, 12h). Ravenna mint. Dated RY 8 (581/2). Crowned and cuirassed bust facing, holding globus cruciger and shield / Cross potent set upon four steps; H//CONOB. DOC 62a; MIB III (Suppl.), 15.2; Ranieri 438; SB 468. Near EF. Well centered and struck. Rare. ($2000) From the D. Massey Collection. Ex iNumis 23 (22 October 2013), lot 255.

Mint Error or a New Variety?

728. Maurice Tiberius. 582-602. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.24 g, 6h). Light weight issue of 23 siliquae. Constantinople mint, 1st officina. Struck 583/4-602. Helmeted, draped, and cuirassed bust facing, holding globus cruciger / Angel standing facing, holding long staff surmounted by staurogram and globus cruciger; A//CONOB. DOC (7a) var.; MIBE 11 var.; SB 481 var. (all with star on obv. and rev.). Superb EF. Unpublished variety, or mint error using dies of SB 478 on flan of SB 481. ($500) There are three possibilities regarding the attribution of this coin. The types are that of SB 478, regular weight solidi, while the flan is that of the light weight solidi, SB 481. Other than the weight difference, the coins of SB 481 add a star to the obverse and reverse type. One possibility is that this coin is the result of a mint error, where dies for the regular weight series were mistakenly used on light weight flans. Another is that the mint had to strike light weight solidi before the dies were made with the star added to the types, so pre-existing dies from the regular weight series were used. A final possibility is that the light weight series began with the exact same types as the regular series, and the star was added shortly after to distinguish between the two denominations.

729. Maurice Tiberius. 582-602. AV Solidus (21.5mm, 4.42 g, 6h). Consular issue. Constantinople mint, 8th officina. Struck 602. Maurice seated facing on jeweled throne, wearing crown and consular robes, and holding mappa and cross / Angel standing facing, holding long staff terminating in staurogram and globus cruciger; H//CONOB. DOC 2c; MIBE 2; SB 474. Near EF, area of slight softness of strike on obverse. ($2000) 199


730. Maurice Tiberius. 582-602. AV Solidus (19mm, 4.47 g, 6h). Carthage mint. Dated IY 1 (582/3). D N TIЬЄR MAVRIC P P AV AN A, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, holding globus cruciger and shield / VICTOR-I-A AVGG A, Angel standing facing, holding long staff terminating in staurogram and globus cruciger; CONOB. DOC 216; MIBE 24; SB 547. In NGC encapsulation, 3807368-005, graded Ch AU, Strike: 5/5, Surface: 4/5. Rare. ($2000) Ex Andre Constantine Dimitriadis Collection (Heritage 3035, 3 September 2014), lot 29365.

731. Phocas. 602-610. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.43 g, 7h). Constantinople mint, 10th officina. Struck 602-603. Crowned bust facing, wearing consular robes, holding mappa and cross / Angel standing facing, holding long staff surmounted by staurogram and globus cruciger; I//CONOB. DOC 4b; MIBE 2; SB 623. EF, lustrous, a bit of die rust on obverse. Rare. ($1000) From the D. Massey Collection. Ex Wolfen Family Foundation (Goldberg 72, 5 February 2013), lot 4240 (purchased from Bank Leu, lot includes their ticket).

733

732

732. Heraclius. 610-641. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.44 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 10th officina. Struck 610-613. Diademed and cuirassed bust facing, wearing plumed helmet, holding cross / Cross potent set upon two steps; I//CONOB. DOC 1b; MIB 1a; Berk, Roman 114 (this coin illustrated); SB 729. Choice EF. Rare. ($500) From the D. Massey Collection. Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 75 (18 November 2013), lot 559; An Important Private Collection of Byzantine Coins (Sotheby’s New York, 2 November 1998), lot 194.

733. Heraclius, with Heraclius Constantine. 610-641. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.49 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 2nd officina. Struck 629-631. Crowned and draped busts of Heraclius and Heraclius Constantine facing; cross above / Cross potent set upon three steps; B//CONOB. DOC 26b; MIB 29; SB 749. Near EF, lustrous, reverse die clash. ($500) From the D. Massey Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 90 (23 May 2012), lot 1812.

734. Heraclius, with Heraclius Constantine and Heraclonas. 610-641. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.44 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 9th officina. Struck 632-635/6. Heraclonas, Heraclius, and Heraclius Constantine standing facing, each holding globus cruciger; cross to upper left / Cross potent set upon three steps; monogram to right; Θ//CONOB. DOC 33f; MIB 39; SB 758. EF, lustrous. ($500) From the Iconodule Collection.

200


735. Heraclius, with Martina and Heraclius Constantine. 610-641. Æ Half Follis (18mm, 4.66 g, 6h). Rome mint. Dated RY 13 (622/3). Crowned and draped facing busts of Martina, Heraclius, and Heraclius Constantine / Large K; X above, date across field; ROM. DOC 266; MIB 244; SB 891. Good VF, dark brown patina with traces of red, some light earthen highlights/deposits. Rare. ($300)

736. Constans II. 641-668. AV Solidus (19mm, 4.46 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 2nd officina. Dated IY 7 (648/9). Crowned and draped bust facing, holding globus cruciger / Cross potent set upon three steps; Z (date) to right; B//CONOB. DOC 13 var. (unlisted officina); MIB 16a; SB 949. Superb EF. ($500) From the D. Massey Collection. Ex Triton XVIII (5 January 2015), lot 1310.

738 737 737. Constans II. 641-668. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.44 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 2nd officina. Struck 651/2-654. Crowned and draped bust facing, holding globus cruciger / Cross potent set upon three steps; B//CONOB. DOC 19b; MIB 23; SB 956. Good VF, a few scratches on the reverse, flip-over double strike with traces of the undertype visible on the reverse (cross of the globus cruciger and part of Constans’ hair). ($500) From the D. Massey Collection. Ex Lanz 144 (24 November 2008), lot 773.

738. Constans II, with Constantine IV. 641-668. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.43 g, 7h). Constantinople mint, 7th officina. Struck 654-659. Crowned and draped facing busts of Constans and Constantine; cross above / Cross potent set upon three steps; Z//CONOBI. DOC 26f; MIB 28; SB 960. EF, small area of weak strike on the reverse. ($300) Ex Sasha Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 94, 18 September 2013), lot 1412; Künker 136 (10 March 2008), lot 1473.

739. Constans II, with Constantine IV. 641-668. AR Hexagram (22mm, 6.82 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 654659. Crowned and draped busts of Constans and Constantine facing; cross above / Cross potent set upon globe set on three steps; B to right; CONOB. DOC 55; MIB 150; Yannopoulos Type II; SB 996. EF. Exceptional for issue. ($1000) Ex Triton XVIII (6 January 2015), lot 1313.

201


740. Constans II, with Constantine IV, Heraclius, and Tiberius. 641-668. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.34 g, 6h). Syracuse mint. Struck circa 661-668. Crowned and draped facing busts of Constans, with tall plume, and Constantine; cross above / VICTORIA AVGЧ KЧ•, cross potent set upon three steps between standing figures of Heraclius and Tiberius, each holding globus cruciger; CONOB. DOC (162c); MIB 95; Anastasi 186a var. (obv. legend); SB 1086A. EF, a little frosty, two edge scrapes and shallow scrape on bottom of Constans’ beard, flan slighty bent. Rare. ($2500) From the D. Massey Collection. Ex Numismatica Ars Classica 75 (18 November 2013), lot 617.

741

742

741. Constantine IV Pogonatus, with Heraclius and Tiberius. 668-685. AV Solidus (19mm, 4.40 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 8th officina. Struck circa 674-681. Helmeted and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear over shoulder and shield / Cross potent set upon three steps; crowned and draped figures of Heraclius and Tiberius standing facing, each holding globus cruciger; H//CONOB. DOC 10g; MIB 7a; SB 1156. Near EF, edges have been rounded for suspension in jewelry. Particularly crude portrait. ($500) From the D. Massey Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 96 (14 May 2014), lot 984.

742. Justinian II. First reign, 685-695. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.42 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 2nd officina. Struck 687692. Crowned and draped facing bust, wearing slight beard, holding globus cruciger / Cross potent set upon three steps; B// CONOB. DOC 5b; MIB 6; SB 1246. EF. ($500) From the D. Massey Collection, purchased from Pars Coins.

743. Justinian II. First reign, 685-695. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.11 g, 7h). Constantinople mint, 2nd officina. Struck 692-695. Facing bust of Christ Pantokrator; cross behind / Justinian standing facing, wearing crown and loros, and holding akakia and cross potent set on two steps; B//CON O P. DOC 7b; MIB 8a; SB 1248. Near EF, areas of weakness on reverse. ($1500)

744. Justinian II. First reign, 685-695. AV Solidus (19mm, 4.36 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 9th officina. Struck 692-695. Facing bust of Christ Pantokrator; cross behind / Justinian standing facing, wearing crown and loros, and holding akakia and cross potent set on two steps; Θ//CONO P. DOC 7g; MIB 8a; SB 1248. Near EF, small flan flaw on obverse. ($2000) 202


745. Justinian II. First reign, 685-695. AV Solidus (18mm, 4.39 g, 7h). Constantinople mint, uncertain officina. Struck 692-695. Facing bust of Christ Pantokrator; cross behind / Justinian standing facing, wearing crown and loros, and holding akakia and cross potent set on two steps; [CONO P]. Cf. DOC 7; cf. MIB 8a; SB 1248. Good VF, areas of weak strike. Attractive portrait. ($1500)

746 747 746. Leontius. 695-698. AV Solidus (19mm, 4.42 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 1st officina. Crowned bust facing, wearing loros, holding mappa and globus cruciger / Cross potent set upon three steps; A//CONOB. DOC 1a; MIB 1; SB 1330. Good VF, a few scrapes on obverse. ($1000) 747. Leontius. 695-698. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.42 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 3rd officina. Crowned bust facing, wearing loros, holding mappa and globus cruciger / Cross potent set upon three steps; Γ//CONOB. DOC 1c; MIB 1; SB 1330. EF, lustrous. ($1500)

748. Tiberius III (Apsimar). 698-705. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.29 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 3rd officina. Crowned and cuirassed bust facing, holding spear and shield decorated with soldier on horseback motif / Cross potent set upon three steps; Γ//CONOB. DOC 1 (unlisted officina); MIB 1; SB 1360. EF, scrape on the obverse. ($500) Ex Heritage 3042 (17 September 2015), lot 29275.

749. Justinian II, with Tiberius. Second reign, 705-711. AV Semissis (18mm, 2.20 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Facing bust of Christ Pantokrator; cross behind / Crowned and draped facing busts of Justinian II, wearing short beard, and Tiberius, holding long cross potent set upon globe between them. DOC 4b; MIB 4b; SB 1418. Good VF, struck from worn dies, light graffiti. Rare. ($750) 203


750. Leo III the “Isaurian”. 717-741. AV Solidus (19mm, 4.44 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 5th officina. Struck 717720. Crowned and draped bust facing, holding globus cruciger and akakia / Cross potent set upon three steps; Є//CONOB. DOC 1c; MIB 1; Füeg 1.A.5; SB 1502. EF, obverse die polishing marks. ($500)

751

752

751. Leo III the “Isaurian”, with Constantine V. 717-741. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.45 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 731-733. Crowned and draped bust of Leo facing, holding globus cruciger and akakia / Crowned and draped bust of Constantine facing, holding globus cruciger and akakia. DOC 6.1 var. (rev. legend); Füeg 6.B.61 (this coin illustrated); SB 1504. Near EF, lustrous, hairline scratches, reverse die shift. ($500) From the D. Massey Collection, purchased from Baldwin’s.

752. Leo III the “Isaurian”, with Constantine V. 717-741. AV Solidus (19.5mm, 4.46 g, 7h). Constantinople mint. Struck 733-735. Crowned and draped bust of Leo facing, holding globus cruciger and akakia / Crowned and draped bust of Constantine facing, holding globus cruciger and akakia. DOC 7a.1 var. (stop at end of legend on rev.); MIB; Füeg 7.C.1; SB 1504. Good VF, lustrous, a few shallow scratches on reverse. ($500)

New Seal for the Hypatos Anastasius

753. Anastasius. Hypatos, imperial balnitor, and genikos kommerkiarios of the Hellespont and Lycia, 724/5. PB Seal (30mm, 28.03 g, 12h). Facing busts of Leo III and Constantine V, each crowned and draped and holding globus cruciger; across field, + H (= Indiction 8)/ ANACTACIOV/ VΠATOV BACI/ΛIKOV BAΛ/NITOP[OC] in five lines / [S ΓЄN]/ IKOV KOM/MЄPKIAPI/OV AΠOΘHK/HC ЄΛΛICΠ/ONTOV S ΛY/[K]I[A]C in seven lines. Unpublished in the standard references. Good VF, tan-brown patina. Extremely rare and possibly unrecorded. ($500) The career of the official Anastasius is well known from the surviving sygillographic evidence, although our seal is possibly unpublished and may shed new light on this figure, whom Nesbitt and Oikonomides (DOCBS I pp. 63-4) described as a “a wealthy businessman who farmed out the office of general kommerkiarios of several provinces between 718 and 727.” Anastasius only seems to be recorded as genikos kommerkiarios of the Hellespont for indiction year 5 (721/2), and, aside from the current piece, there does not appear to be any evidence that he served as genikos kommerkiarios of Lycia. For overviews of Anastastius’ career, see BLS Vol. I/1, p. 158, Table 13 (and catalog numbers 223-4, 226-7, and 230-1), as well as PBE I [Martindale, John et al, (2001 and 2015). Prosopography of the Byzantine Empire (641-867). Online edition available at <http://www.pbe.kcl. ac.uk>], under PBE 1 (2018) Anastasios 24 <http://www.pbe.kcl.ac.uk/person/p251>.

204


754 755 754. Constantine V Copronymus, with Leo III. 741-775. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.43 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 742-745. Crowned facing bust of Leo, wearing chlamys, holding cross potent and akakia / Crowned facing bust of Constantine, wearing chlamys, holding cross potent and akakia. DOC 1d.1; Füeg 2.B.3; SB 1550. Good VF, lustrous. ($500) 755. Constantine V Copronymus, with Leo III. 741-775. AV Solidus (19mm, 4.45 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 745-750. Crowned facing bust of Leo, wearing chlamys, holding cross potent and akakia / Crowned facing bust of Constantine, wearing chlamys, holding cross potent and akakia. DOC (1e.2); Füeg 3.A.6; SB 1550. Near EF. ($500) From the D. Massey Collection. Ex Goldberg 62 (1 February 2011), lot 3221.

756 757 756. Constantine V Copronymus, with Leo IV and Leo III. 741-775. AV Solidus (18mm, 4.33 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 750-756. Crowned facing busts of Constantine V and Leo IV, each wearing chlamys; cross above / Crowned facing bust of Leo III, wearing loros, holding cross potent. DOC 2c.1-3; Füeg 4.A.1; SB 1551. Near EF. ($500) 757. Constantine V Copronymus, with Leo IV and Leo III. 741-775. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.44 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 773-775. Crowned facing busts of Constantine V and Leo IV, each wearing chlamys; cross above / Crowned facing bust of Leo III, wearing loros, holding cross potent. DOC 2d.1; Füeg 7.A.2; SB 1551. Good VF, a few deposits. ($500)

758. Constantine V Copronymus, with Leo IV and Leo III. 741-775. AV Solidus (19mm, 3.96 g, 6h). Syracuse mint. Struck 751-775. Crowned and draped busts of Constantine V and Leo IV facing; pelleted long cross between them / Crowned facing bust of Leo III, wearing loros, holding cross potent. DOC 15a var. (short cross above on obverse); Anastasi 424c; SB 1565 var. (same). Good VF, weakly struck in areas. Rare variety with pelleted long cross on obverse. ($1000) From the D. Massey Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 97 (17 September 2014), lot 791.

759 760 759. Constantine V Copronymus, with Leo IV and Leo III. 741-775. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.54 g, 6h). Contemporary imitation. Uncertain mint. Crowned facing busts of Constantine V and Leo IV, each wearing chlamys; cross above / Crowned facing bust of Leo III, wearing loros, holding cross potent. For prototype: cf. DOC 2; cf. SB 1551. VF, a few light marks. Crude barbarous imitation, and rare as such. ($300) 760. Constantine VI, with Leo III, Constantine V, and Leo IV. 780-797. AV Solidus (22mm, 4.42 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 780-787. Constantine VI and Leo IV enthroned facing, each wearing crown and chlamys and holding akakia; cross above / Crowned facing busts of Leo III and Constantine V, each wearing loros; cross above, pellet between. DOC 2 (Leo IV); Füeg 1.C.2; SB 1584 (Leo IV). Near EF, a few deposits. ($1000) From the D. Massey Collection. Ex Elvira Elisa Clain-Stefanelli Collection [as the Demarete Collection] (Stack’s Bowers and Ponterio 168, 8 August 2012), lot 20531.

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762

761

761. Constantine VI & Irene, with Leo III, Constantine V, and Leo IV. 780-797. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.43 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 787-790. Constantine V, Leo III, and Leo IV seated facing, each crowned and draped / Crowned facing busts of Constantine VI, draped and holding globus cruciger, and Irene, wearing loros and holding globus cruciger and cruciform scepter; cross above, • between. DOC 1.4; cf. Füeg C.2.4/Ir.2.2; SB 1593. VF, weakly struck in areas. ($1000) 762. Constantine VI & Irene, with Leo III, Constantine V, and Leo IV. 780-797. AV Solidus (22mm, 4.43 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 787-790. Constantine V, Leo III, and Leo IV seated facing, each crowned and draped / Crowned facing busts of Constantine IV, draped and holding globus cruciger, and Irene, wearing loros and holding cruciform scepter; cross above, pellet between. DOC –; Füeg 2 (C.2.13/Ir.2.7); SB 1592. VF, traces of deposits. ($1000)

763. Irene. 797-802. AV Solidus (17mm, 3.81 g, 5h). Syracuse mint. [ЄI]RIҺ ЬAS..., crowned facing bust of Irene, wearing loros, holding globus cruciger in right hand and cruciform scepter with left; pellet in left field / ... ЬAS..., crowned facing bust of Irene, wearing loros, holding globus cruciger in right hand and cruciform scepter with left; C–I to either side of bust. DOC –; Anastasi 455; SB –; Gemini I, lot 504. EF, compact flan. Rare. ($5000) From the D. Massey Collection, purchased from Harlan J. Berk, Ltd. The C-I on the reverse is the abbreviation for Sicily in Greek.

764 765 764. Nicephorus I, with Stauracius. 802-811. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.45 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 803811. Crowned and draped facing bust of Nicephorus, holding cross potent and akakia / Crowned and draped facing bust of Stauracius, holding cross potent and akakia. DOC 2c.2; Füeg 2.A.2; SB 1604. Good VF, areas of weak strike. ($500) 765. Nicephorus I, with Stauracius. 802-811. AV Tremissis (12mm, 1.29  g, 6h). Syracuse mint. Struck 803-810. Crowned facing bust of Nicephorus, wearing chlamys, holding globus cruciger / Crowned facing bust of Stauracius, holding cross potent and akakia. DOC 8; Anastasi 463; SB 1610. EF, weakly struck in a few areas. Rare. ($750) From the D. Massey Collection. Ex Roma E-Sale 9 (28 June 2014), lot 746.

766. Michael II the Amorian, with Theophilus. 820-829. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.42 g, 5h). Constantinople mint. Struck 821-829. *mIX–AHL ЬASILЄЧS, crowned and draped facing bust of Michael, holding cross potent in right hand, akakia in left / ΘЄOFI–LO ∂ЄSPS +Є, crowned facing bust of Theophilus, wearing loros, holding globus cruciger in right hand, cruciform scepter in left. DOC 5a; Füeg 3.B.1; SB 1640. Near EF, underlying luster, some obverse die rust. ($1500) 206


767. Theophilus. 829-842. AV Solidus (21mm, 4.45 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 829-830. * ӨЄOFI–LOS ЬASILЄ’, crowned facing bust, wearing slight beard and loros, holding globus cruciger and cruciform scepter / CVRIЄ ЬOHӨH τO SO ∂OVLO * Є, patriarchal cross set upon three steps. DOC 1b; Füeg 1.A.1; SB 1655. Near EF, toned, a couple of marks in reverse field. Rare. ($3000) From the D. Massey Collection. Ex Peus 386 (26 April 2006), lot 908.

768 769 768. Basil I the Macedonian, with Constantine. 867-886. AV Solidus (19mm, 4.33 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 870-871. Christ Pantokrator enthroned facing; star at end of legend / Crowned facing busts of Basil, wearing loros, and Constantine, wearing chlamys, holding patriarchal cross between them. DOC 2c; Füeg 3.C.2; SB 1704. Near EF. ($500) From the D. Massey Collection.

769. Leo VI the Wise, with Alexander. 886-912. Æ Half Follis (15mm, 2.29 g, 6h). Uncertain Provincial mint. Facing busts of Leo, with short beard, and Alexander, beardless, both crowned and wearing loros, holding a labarum between them / [+]LЄOҺ/[S] ALЄΞA[Һ/G]ROS ЬAS[IL/ R]OMЄO[Һ] in four lines. DOC 7 (Constantinople); SB 1736. Good VF, dark green patina with light earthen highlights/deposits, light cleaning marks. Extremely rare, only one in CoinArchives. ($200)

770 771 770. Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus, with Romanus I and Christopher. 913-959. AV Solidus (19mm, 4.43 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck circa 924-931. Christ Pantokrator enthroned facing / Crowned facing busts of Romanus, wearing loros, and Christopher, draped, holding patriarchal cross between them. DOC 7; Füeg 7.A.1; SB 1745. EF. ($750) 771. Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus, with Romanus II. 913-959. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.39 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 945-946. Christ Pantokrator seated facing on throne with curved arms / Crowned facing busts of Constantine VII, wearing loros, and Romanus II, wearing chlamys, holding long patriarchal cross on globe between them. DOC 14; Füeg 14.4; SB 1750. Near EF. ($750)

772. Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus, with Romanus II. 913-959. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.18 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 955-959. Facing bust of Christ Pantokrator / Crowned facing busts of Constantine VII, wearing loros, and Romanus II, wearing chlamys, holding patriarchal cross between them. DOC 15; Füeg 15.D (1); SB 1751. Near EF. ($500) 207


773. Basil II Bulgaroktonos, with Constantine VIII. 976-1025. AV Tetarteron Nomisma (22mm, 4.09 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 977-989. Facing bust of Christ Pantokrator / Crowned facing busts of Basil II, wearing loros, and Constantine VIII, wearing chlamys, holding patriarchal cross between them. DOC 12; Füeg II 8.A; SB 1802. Good VF, lightly toned, a couple of marks and scratches. ($750) From the D. Massey Collection. Ex Gorny & Mosch 196 (7 March 2011), lot 3159.

774. Anonymous Folles. temp. Basil II & Constantine VIII, circa 1020-1028. Æ Follis (29mm, 9.49 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Facing bust of Christ Pantokrator / [+] IҺSЧS/[X]RISTЧS/[Ь]ASILЄЧ/[Ь]ASILЄ in four lines; ornament above and below. DOC A2.41; SB 1818. Near EF, dark green surfaces. Excellent portrait of Christ. ($500)

775. Romanus III Argyrus. 1028-1034. AR Miliaresion (28mm, 2.91 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 1030(?). +ΠΑΡΘЄΝЄ CΟΙ ΠΟ[Λ]VΑΙΝЄ, barred M and Θ across field, the Theotokos standing facing on footstool, holding nimbate infant Christ; triple border with eight spaced pellets / ΟC ΗΛΠΙΚЄ ΠΑΝ–ΤΑ ΚΑ[Τ]ΟPΘΟΙ, Romanus standing facing on footstool, wearing crown and loros, holding long patriarchal cross and patriarchal cross on globus; triple border with eight spaced pellets. DOC 3b; SB 1822. VF, toned, pierced at 3 o’clock, bent and straightened. Good metal for issue. Very rare. ($2000)

776. Constantine IX Monomachus. 1042-1055. AV Tetarteron Nomisma (19mm, 4.00 g, 5h). Constantinople mint. Struck 1053-1055. Facing bust of Christ Pantokrator / Crowned and draped facing bust of Constantine, holding labarum and globus cruciger. DOC 6; Füeg II 6.B9; SB 1833. VF, some light scratches. ($750) Ex Gorny & Mosch 240 (10 October 2016), lot 636.

208


777. Isaac I Comnenus. 1057-1059. AV Histamenon Nomisma (26mm, 4.41 g, 5h). Constantinople mint. Christ Pantokrator enthroned facing / Isaac standing facing, holding labarum and sword in sheath. DOC 1; Füeg II 1; SB 1844. Near EF, lightly toned. ($750) From the D. Massey Collection. Ex UBS 78 (9 September 2008), lot 2060.

778. Constantine X Ducas. 1059-1067. AV Tetarteron Nomisma (19mm, 4.03 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Half-length facing bust of the Theotokos, orans / Crowned facing bust, wearing short beard and loros, holding globus cruciger; crown topped with cross and with pendilia. DOC III 3; Füeg II 3B; SB 1849. Good VF, underlying luster, small scrape on Theotokos’ face. ($750) From the D. Massey Collection. Ex Ponterio 145 (11 January 2008), lot 93.

Two Seals for the Ekdikoi of the Hagia Sophia

779. Ekdikoi of the Hagia Sophia. Circa 12th century. PB Seal (54mm, 97.20, 12h). The Virgin Mary and Justinian I supporting between them a model of the domed Church of Hagia Sophia; +VΠЄP[A]ΓIA ΘЄOTOKЄ ROHΘЄI around, H/A/Γ/I/A C/O/Φ/I/A down central field, C-Φ across field / – • –/+TOIC ΘЄ/OCЄRЄCTA/TOIC ΠPЄC/RVTЄPOIC/ KAI ЄKKΛH/CЄKΔIK’/– • – in eight lines. BLS II 63a. VF, earthen brown patina, some surfaces cracks, a few scratches on reverse. ($1000) The ekdikoi were a college of priests responsible for the administration of holy sites, and had a further judicial function, in that accused criminals who sought asylum in churches would be judged by them. The office was established by Justinian I, but did not acquire a real presence in the administration of church affairs until the 11th century.

209


780. Ekdikoi of the Hagia Sophia. Circa 12th century. PB Seal (56mm, 107.50 g, 12h). The Virgin Mary and Justinian I supporting between them a model of the domed Church of Hagia Sophia; [+VΠЄPAΓ]IA Θ[Є]O-TOKЄ ROHΘЄI around, H/A/ [Γ/I]/A C/O/Φ/I/A down central field / – • –/+TOIC ΘЄ/OCЄRЄCTA/TOIC ΠPЄC/RVTЄPOIC/ KAI ЄKKΛH/CЄKΔIK’/– • – in eight lines. BLS II 65. VF, tan-brown patina, some roughness, minor stress crack on reverse. ($1000) The ekdikoi were a college of priests responsible for the administration of holy sites, and had a further judicial function, in that accused criminals who sought asylum in churches would be judged by them. The office was established by Justinian I, but did not acquire a real presence in the administration of church affairs until the 11th century.

781. John II Comnenus. 1118-1143. EL Aspron Trachy Nomisma (33mm, 4.38 g, 5h). Third coinage. Constantinople mint. Struck 1122-circa 1143. Christ Pantokrator enthroned facing / John and St. Georgius standing facing, holding patriarchal cross on three steps between them. DOC 8d; SB 1942. Good VF, some graffiti in obverse margin, slight obverse die shift. ($300) From the D. Massey Collection. Ex Placidia Collection (Sincona Auction 37, 16 May 2017), lot 483 (purchased from Fortuna Galleries, New York, July 1976).

782. Alexius III Angelus-Comnenus. 1195-1203. EL Aspron Trachy (29.5mm, 4.35 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 1197-1203. Christ Pantokrator enthroned facing / Alexius and St. Constantine, each holding cross-tipped scepter, standing facing, holding labarum between them. DOC 2b; SB 2009. EF, toned. Well struck for issue. ($500) From the Iconodule Collection.

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783. Michael VIII Palaeologus. 1261-1282. AV Hyperpyron (29.5mm, 4.19 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Half-length figure of the Theotokos, orans, within city walls with six towers / Emperor kneeling slightly right, being presented by Archangel Michael to Christ enthroned slightly left, holding scroll. DOC –; PCPC 4, sigla 29; SB 2242. Superb EF, toned, tiny, natural striking hole, due to unusually strong strike, a few scratches. ($1000)

Published by Bendall

784. Andronicus II Palaeologus, with Michael IX. 1282-1328. AV Hyperpyron Nomisma (24mm, 4.03 g, 6h). Bendall Group A. Uncertain mint mint. Struck 1295-circa 1302. Half-length figure of the Theotokos, orans, within city walls with six towers; M and Π flanking / Christ standing facing, blessing Michael IX and Andronicus II kneeling to either side. DOC –; S. Bendall, “Hyperpyra of Andronikos II and Michael IX with transposed effigies,” RN 150 (1995), 18 a (this coin); PCPC –; SB –. Good VF, areas of flat strike. Extremely rare, one of three known to Bendall, all from the same dies. ($500)

Two Rare Anonymous Issues

785. Anonymous. temp. John V Palaeologus, 1341-1391. BI Tornese (15mm, 0.62 g). Politikon coinage. Three keys / +ΠO/ΛITI/KON in three lines. DOC 1218-20; PCPC 365; LPC p. 186, 10; SB 2581. EF, toned, a hint of porosity. Rare. Well struck for this difficult issue. ($750) From the Iconodule Collection.

786. Anonymous. temp. John V Palaeologus, 1341-1391. BI Tornese (14mm, 0.51 g). Politikon coinage. Cross with star in each quarter / Paleologan monogram. DOC 1222; PCPC (368); LPC p. 188, 12; SB 2583. EF, toned. Very rare. ($500) From the Iconodule Collection.

211


787. Andronicus IV Palaeologus. Usurper, 1376-1379. AR Basilikon (12mm, 0.41 g, 4h). Constantinople mint. Uncertain saint on horseback right / Andronicus standing facing, holding scepter. DOC –; LPC note p. 152; PCPC –; LBC –; SB 2546. Near VF, toned, porous. Extremely rare, only two in CoinArchives. ($500)

EARLY MEDIEVAL & ISLAMIC COINAGE

788. OSTROGOTHS. Theoderic. 493-526. AV Solidus (20.5mm, 4.45 g, 6h). In the name of Anastasius I. Rome mint, 1st officina. Struck circa 491-518. D N ANASTA SIVS P F AVG, helmeted, diademed, and cuirassed bust right, holding spear and shield decorated with horseman motif / VICTORI A AVCCC, Victory standing left, holding jeweled cross in right hand; star to right; A//COMOB. COI 8; MIB 9; MEC 1, 112. Choice EF, toned. Lot includes NGC ticket, 3928170-057, graded MS 5/5, 4/5, crimped. ($4000)

789 790 789. OSTROGOTHS. Theoderic. As king of the Goths, 474/5-493, or ruler of Italy, 493-526. AV Tremissis (14mm, 1.48 g, 6h). In the name of Anastasius I. Rome mint. Struck 491-518. D N ANASTA SIVS P F AVC, diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / VICTORIA AVCVSTORVM, Victory advancing right on ground line with pellet at each end, head left, holding wreath and globus cruciger; star to right; COMOB. COI 14; MIB 10; MEC 1, 115. Good VF, toned. ($500) From the D. Massey Collection. Ex Varesi 52 (12 November 2008), lot 144.

790. OSTROGOTHS. Athalaric. 526-534. Æ Nummus (10.5mm, 1.16 g, 6h). 5¨Ít5 @52@5, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Athalaricus monogram within wreath. COI 88 (2½ nummi); MIB 80; Morello 27; MEC 1, 136. Good VF, brown surfaces. ($300)

791

792

791. VISIGOTHS, Spain. Sisebut. 612-621. AV Tremissis (21mm, 1.48 g, 6h). Ispali (Seville) mint. ๘ • ⌽Ʃ⌽⍟BV˶V⌽ ʽ⍟, facing bust / • ๘ • Ʃ⌽ʊ©⌦Ʃ ʊƩV⌽, facing bust. Cf. CNV 219.20/219.6 (obv./rev.); Pliego 274l; Miles, Visigoths; Chaves –; MEC 1, –; ME 220. EF.

($500)

Ex Norman Frank Collection (Triton XII, 6 January 2009), lot 851.

792. VISIGOTHS, Spain. Swinthila. 621-631. AV Tremissis (21mm, 1.49 g, 6h). Ispali (Seville) mint. ๘ ⌽VƩn˶ƊƩǧ© ($500) ʽ⍟, facing bust / ๘ Ʃ⌽ʊ©⌦Ʃ ʊƩV⌽, facing bust. CNV 289; Miles, Visigoths 228a; MEC 1 -. EF. Ex Triton XII (6 January 2009), lot 856.

212


793. LOMBARDS, Lombardy. Uncertain king. Circa 568-690. AV Tremissis (16mm, 1.45 g, 6h). Imitating a Constantinople mint issue of the Byzantine emperor Justin II. D N iuÍTi NuÍ R R ¬uC, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / uiCTOrid du!uÍTOruÂ, Victory standing facing, head right, holding wreath and globus cruciger; star to right; CONOu. Bernareggi –; cf. Arslan 2 (for type); cf. BMC Vandals 1 (same); cf. MEC 1, 298 (for obv.; same die). EF, flan slightly ragged. ($500) From the D. Massey Collection. Ex CNG Inventory 734805 (April 2003); William H. Williams Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 61 (25 September 2002), lot 2219.

794. LOMBARDS, Lombardy & Tuscany. Liutprand. 712-744. AV Tremissis (23mm, 1.27 g, 1h). Ā n ǧƩV PĀȾ ʽม, diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; to right, ˶ above ˘ / ⌽⍛⌽ ȵ Ɗ©ƊƩǧ, St. Michael standing left, holding long cross and shield. Bernareggi 116 var. (legends; four pellets); Bernareggi, Moneta, 8; Arslan –; cf. BMC Vandals 3; MEC 1, 322 var. (legends; obv. letter); cf. Elsen 111, lot 527. Choice EF, fully lustrous. Extremely rare variety of a rare control. ($3000)

Royal Issue of Clothaire III

795. MEROVINGIANS, Royal issues. Clothaire III. 657-673. AV Tremissis (12.5mm, 1.20 g, 12h). Paris mint. Wandelenus, moneyer. ⌦⌴˸H©VƟVs ⎁eส, diademed and draped bust right / ส VV©nĀe⌦en⌴ ȵ ส, cross ancrée set on globe. NM 30; Belfort 6304: MEC 1, –. Near EF, light toning in devices, traces of earthen depoists, a couple of hairline flan cracks. Extremely rare royal issue. ($15,000) Clothaire III has the historical distinction of being the first of the rois fainéants, or ‘do-nothing kings,’ of the Merovingian Dynasty. Although this may be true of his final years, the earlier part of his reign was quite busy, although Clothaire relied on both his mother and trusted advisors to rule on his behalf. The son of Clovis II, Clothaire succeeded his father while still a child. Consequently, a regency formed under his mother, Balthild. Subsequently, Clothaire’s chief advisor and defacto ruler, Erchinoald, mayor of the palace. Upon Erchinoald’s death, the Frankish nobles chose Ebroin, a man who proved himself to be a violent despot. Although Clothaire tried to exert some real authority when he achieved adulthood in 669, it was too little. His premature death in the spring of 673 only worsened the situation.

213


796. MEROVINGIANS, Banassac. Circa 620-640. AV Tremissis (14mm, 1.17 g, 11h). Gavaletano, moneyer. Diademed head right; cross above, to right, palm frond surmounted by cross pattée; second one on frond / Ų©V²Ǯģ˶©n⌴, chalice set on pelleted ground line; B±Ɗ in exergue. Cf. NM 22 (for rev.) Belfort 754/748 (obv./rev.); cf. MEC 1, 428 (for obv.). Good VF, slightly double struck on reverse. ($1500)

Pedigreed to 1908

797. MEROVINGIANS, Troyes. Circa 620-640. AV Tremissis (12mm, 1.27 g, 12h). Gennulfus, moneyer. ˶ʽ ģü²⌽, diademed and draped bust left / ŲģnnVǮŖV⌽ ȵ⌴n, cross pattée set on globe; © and ዞ suspended from crossbar. NM 1 = Belfort 4366 = Stahl, Merovingiens 282 (this coin referenced; illustrated in Belfort [line drawing] and Stahl); MEC 1, –. Near EF, toned. Extremely rare. ($3000) Ex Bourgey (15 December 1924) lot 160; Hauët Collection (Serrure, 24 February 1908), lot 259.

798. CAROLINGIANS. Charlemagne (Charles the Great). As Charles I, King of the Franks, 768-814. AR Denier (21.5mm, 1.66 g, 3h). Bituricas (Bourges) mint. แ æ²⎁ǮVs ⎁⍟ҟ ś⎁, cross pattée / แ BI˶ዮʽIæ©˞, nj²⎁⌴ǮVs monogram. Coupland, Charlemagne –; Depeyrot 174; M&G 173; MEC 1, 739. Good VF, toned, some crystallization. Very rare. ($2000) Ex iNumis (23 April 2013), lot 47.

Extremely Rare Anglo-Carolingian Type

799. ANGLO-CAROLINGIANS. 10th century. AR Denier (22mm, 1.30 g, 10h). In the types of the Kings of Wessex. Felechanis mint(?); Conguion, moneyer. ส Ŋe⌦ģüƊ©ɃƩ⌽, small cross pattée / ü⌴Ƀŭ/ќƩ⌴Ƀ in two lines; ฾ ฾ ฾ between, ü above, ü below. R. Naismith, “A Pair of Tenth-Century Pennies Found on the Banks of the Loire,” NC 174 (2014), 2 (this coin). EF, find patina. Unique. ($1500) Ex Bru Sale (9 December 2011), lot 153. Approximating its appearance and weight to English issues from the time of Edmund to Eadgar (939-975), this coin combines the stylistic feature of coins originating in the west midlands of England with the use of rosettes on the reverse. The legends, however, indicate that this coin belongs to a small and very rare group of Anglo-Carolingian hybrids. Only two other such coins or groups of such coins – all found in France – have been identified (Naismith, p. 224, notes 6 &7). In the case of our coin, the legends confirm the association with other Anglo-Carolingian coins. The obverse legend, FELЄCHΛИIS, more closely resembles the mint name of the town of LeMans (Cinomanis), rather than any Anglo-Saxon ruler, while the moneyer on the reverse, Conguion, can be assocated with the modern Breton personal name, Goyon. According to Naismith (p. 225), this suggests a origin in Brittany for this type, struck following the return of the Breton leadership from sanctuary in England in 936 and continuing until the 940s.

214


800. CRUSADERS, Edessa. Baldwin II. Second reign, 1108-1118. Æ Follis (22mm, 3.11 g, 6h). Light issue. Baldwin standing left, wearing nasal helmet and coat of mail, holding globus cruciger and hilt of sword / Cross fleuronnée set on tendrils; pelleted wedge in each angle. Metcalf, Crusades 109-11; CCS 9a. VF, brown patina. ($750) Ex Kovacs XII (30 November 1995), lot 435.

CRUSADERS, County of Tripoli. Raymond III. 1152-1187. PB Seal (44mm, 49.54 g, 12h). ๘ ˊ²Ʊ⍴⎍Nĕ⎍S knight on horseback left, holding shield and banner / ๘ ģͿ ዡģæ S⎍² æƱ⎍ƱͿ²S ͿˊƱPɭ⌦ƱS Ḧ, city gates of Tripoli. Schlumberger, Sigill 139-143. VF. Rare. ($2000) 801.

æɭዦģS ͿˊƱPɭ⌦ƱS ḧ,

802. ISLAMIC, Umayyad Caliphate. temp. al-Walid I ibn ‘Abd al-Malik. AH 86-96 / AD 705-715. AR Dirham (23mm, 1.99 g, 6h). Hulwan mint. Dated AH 91 (AD 709/10). Klat 280; Album 128; ICV 260. Near EF. ($1000)

803. ISLAMIC, Umayyad Caliphate. temp. Yazid II ibn ‘Abd al-Malik to Hisham ibn ‘Abd al-Malik . AH 101-125 / AD 720-743. AR Dirham (27mm, 2.97 g, 6h). al-Andalus (Qurtubah [Cordoba]) mint. Dated AH 105 (AD 723/4). Klat 118a0; Album 135 or 137; ICV 240. EF. ($1000) 215


804. ISLAMIC, Umayyad Caliphate. temp. Marwan II ibn Muhammad. AH 127-132 / AD 744-750. AR Dirham (27mm, 2.84 g, 6h). Dimashq (Damascus) mint. Dated AH 132 (AD 749/50). Klat 376a; Album 142; ICV 266. EF, traces of find patina, small deposit on reverse. Rare. ($2000)

805

806

805. ISLAMIC, Mongols. Ilkhanids. Abu Sa’id Bahadur. AH 716-736 / AD 1316-1335. AV Dinar (25mm, 8.16 g, 2h). Type G. Baghdad mint. Dated AH 729 (AD 1328/9). Diler Ab-525; SICA 9, –; Album 2212; ICV 2143. Good VF, toned, a few minor scratches, small test mark on edge of reverse. ($400) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 102 (18 May 2016), lot 12701.

806. ISLAMIC, Mongols. Ilkhanids. Abu Sa’id Bahadur. AH 716-736 / AD 1316-1335. AV Dinar (23mm, 6.76 g, 1h). Type H. Tabriz mint. Dated al-khani year 33 = AH 735 (AD 1334/5). Diler Ab-542; SICA 9, –; Album 2216; ICV 2147. VF, minor areas of weak strike at periphery. ($300) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 102 (18 May 2016), lot 1271.

807. ISLAMIC, Persia (Post-Mongol). Safavids. Husayn I. AH 1105-1135 / AD 1694-1722. AR Lightweight 10 Shahi (41mm, 13.01 g, 1h). Type C. Isfahan mint. Dated AH 1123 (AD 1711/12). Farahbakhsh 121/1-2; Album V2677; ICV –. VF, toned, traces of deposits, cleaning marks on reverse, subtle wave to flan, removed from brooch mount. Impressive presentation issue. Extremely rare. ($1000)

Two Extremely Rare Silver Issues of Orhan I – The First Ottoman Silver Type

808

809

808. ISLAMIC, Ottoman Empire. Orhan I. AH 724-761 / AD 1324-1360. AR Akçe (18mm, 1.00 g, 3h). Bursa mint. Dated AH 727 (AD 1326/7). Damali 2-BU-G6as-YY727; Srećković 01; Sultan –; Pere 5; Album T1288; ICV –. VF, tone, some striking weakness. Extremely rare. ($1000) 809. ISLAMIC, Ottoman Empire. Orhan I. AH 724-761 / AD 1324-1360. AR Akçe (20mm, 0.98 g, 6h). Bursa mint. Undated issue. Damali 2-BU-G6b; cf. Srećković 02 (for type); Sultan –; Pere 5 var. (dated issue); Album T1288; ICV –. VF, toned, areas of striking weakness. Extremely rare. ($500) 216


WORLD COINAGE

810. AUSTRIA, Holy Roman Empire. Erzherzogtum Österreich (Archduchy of Austria). Sigismund. Archduke, 1446-1490. AR Half Guldiner (35mm, 15.75 g, 12h). Hall mint. Dated 1484. Crowned, draped, and armored bust right, holding globe-tipped scepter and resting hand on hilt of sword / Armored knight on caparisoned horse right; coats-of-arms around. Levinson IV-45a; Frey 261; Moser & Tursky 60. Fine, silvered, removed from jewelry, several marks. Rare. Popular early dated issue. ($1000)

811. AUSTRIA, Holy Roman Empire. Erzherzogtum Österreich (Archduchy of Austria). Maximilian III. Archduke, as Grand Master of the Teutonic Order, 1585-1618. AR Doppeltaler (46mm, 57.20 g, 12h). Hall mint. Dated 1614. Maximilian standing slightly left, holding reversed sword; to left, lion facing, supporting coat-of-arms; to right, crested helmet left / Teutonic knight on horseback rearing right, holding banner and reigns; garnished coat-of-arms below; all within border of fourteen smaller coats-of-arms. Moser & Tursky 412; Davenport B5854; KM 30. Good VF, toned, a few minor marks in fields. ($750) From the D. C. Kopen Collection. Ex Edward A. Lotz Collection (Triton IV, 5 December 2000), lot 918; Stack’s (8 April 1989), lot 730.

812. AUSTRIA, Holy Roman Empire. Erzherzogtum Österreich (Archduchy of Austria). Leopold V. Archduke, 16191632. AR Doppeltaler (46mm, 12h). Hall mint. Posthumous issue, struck 1635. Crowned and armored bust right, holding scepter and resting hand on hilt of sword / Crowned eagle facing with wings spread, head left; wreath above. Moser & Tursky 490; Davenport 3335; KM 609.1. In NGC encapsulation, 4198050-002, graded MS 61. Toned. ($1500) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

217


813. AUSTRIA, Holy Roman Empire. Erzherzogtum ร–sterreich (Archduchy of Austria). Leopold I. Emperor, 16581705. AR Doppeltaler (57mm, 11h)1. Graz mint. Dated 1670 IAN. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right within tressure of small arches / Crowned and collared coat-of-arms. Herinek 562; Davenport 292; KM 1269x. In NGC encapsulation, 1948701-(002-002), graded MS 63. Toned. ($1500) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

814. AUSTRIA, Ensisheim (Landgrafschaft). Ferdinand II. Archduke of Tyrol & Vorderรถsterreich, 1564-1595. AR Doppeltaler (45mm, 12h). Ensisheim mint. Crowned and armored bust right, holding scepter and resting hand on hilt of sword / Crowned and collared coat-of-arms; two coats-of-arms flanking. Davenport 8093. In NGC encapsulation, 4212891-003, graded AU 50. ($2000) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

815. AUSTRIA, Salzburg (Erzbistum). Mark Sittich von Hohenems. AR Taler Klippe (42mmx42mm, 12h). Dated 1618. Coat-of-arms surmounted by cross and gallero with tassels / St. Rupert seated facing, holding salt cellar and croizer. Probszt 970; KM 39; Davenport 3492. In NGC encapsulation, 4212891-004, graded AU 58. Toned. ($500) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

218


Bulgarian Coins & Seals from the Iconodule Collection Founded in 681, the First Bulgarian Empire lasted until 1018, when it was annexed into the Byzantine Empire. It remained under Byzantine control until 1185 with the formation of the Second Bulgarian Empire. During its existence, the First Bulgarian Empire was involved in checking some of the major nomadic migrations, and in 717/8 it allied itself with the Byzantines, helping to defeat a Muslim siege of Constantinople and delay by several centuries the Islamic push into Europe. The First Empire was also involved in checking both the Avars and the Magyars, and stemmed the so-called second wave of the Great Migrations occurring during that time. During this period, Bulgaria prospered under rulers such as Simeon I Veliki, during whose reign the country experienced its first Golden Age. By the eleventh century, however, it was in decline and the Krum dynasty, which had ruled Bulgaria since the ninth century and had seen the country though a period of expansion and conversion to Christianity, died out. Under Samuil Comitopuli there was a period of resurgence, but within a few years of his death, Bulgaria was absorbed by the Byzantines. The Second Bulgarian Empire began in 1185. After a period of expansion under Ivan I [Koloyan] (1197-1207) and Ivan Asen II (1218-1241), the country experienced a second Golden Age under Ivan Aleksander (1331-1371), but it was short-lived as his sons broke away parts of the kingdom into their own independent territories. After 1371, Bulgaria, now divided, grew ever weaker, and by the end of the fourteenth century was a much-reduced shadow of its former self. Please note that all of the following Bulgarian coins, lots 816-901, are from the Iconodule Collection.

816. BULGARIA, First Empire. Boris–Mihail. Knyaz, 852-889. PB Seal (28mm, 25.95 g, 12h). Struck 864-889. Facing bust of Christ, raising hand in benediction and holding Gospels / Facing bust of the Virgin Mary, orans. Jordanov Type III.1A. VF, brown patina. Rare and attractive for type. ($500) The reign of Boris-Mihail began with numerous setbacks. During the previous decade, Bulgaria had been fighting a two-front war against the Carolingians in the west and the Byzantine Empire in the east. This period was rife with shifting alliances, as the regional non-aligned states frequently changed sides among the three warring powers. In 864, the Byzantine emperor Michael III invaded Bulgarian territory on the pretext that, while Boris-Mihail was prepared to convert to Christianity, it was unacceptable that he would do so by following the Latin rite. In return for receiving territory held by the Byzantines, Boris agreed to be baptized according to the Orthodox rite, and in September 865 assumed the new name of Boris-Mihail, after that of the emperor. Boris also adopted the title “Knyaz,” or Duke. The adoption of Christianity had two effects: Boris was now in command of a Christian state, and would be able to negotiate with the rest of Christendom more easily; and the Byzantines now had an Orthodox ally that they hoped they could treat as a subordinate buffer against the western Roman Catholic powers and a source of manpower for their wars against the encroaching Ottomans.

817. BULGARIA, First Empire. Boris–Mihail. Knyaz, 852-889. PB Seal (25mm, 17.19 g, 12h). Struck 864-889. Facing bust of Christ, raising hand in benediction and holding Gospels / Facing bust of the Virgin Mary, orans. Jordanov Type III.1A. VF, tan-brown patina, some loss on obverse. Rare. ($300)

Attractive Episcopal Seal

818. BULGARIA, First Empire. Georgi. Archbishop, ?-893. PB Seal (26mm, 13.14 g, 12h). Facing bust of the Virgin Mary, with facing bust of the Christ Child before her; cross to right / ΓЄω/[P]ΓIω APX/[I]ЄΠICKOΠ/ω ROVΛΓA/PIAC in five lines. Jordanov Type V.2. Good VF, earthen brown patina, minor edge scrape. Rare and well struck for type. ($300) 219


819. BULGARIA, First Empire. Simeon I Veliki. 893-927. PB Seal (33mm, 43.50 g, 12h). Facing bust of Christ, raising hand in benediction and holding Gospels / Facing bust of the Virgin Mary, orans. Jordanov Type III.2.A. VF, beige patina. Rare. ($750) By the beginning of the reign of Simeon I Veliki, the First Bulgarian Empire was poised to take on the Byzantines. Styling himself as a ruler on par with the Byzantine emperor, Simeon adopted the title “Tsar of the Bulgarians and Autocrat of the Greeks.” Between 894 and 896, he defeated the Byzantines and their allies in the so-called “Trade War,” and, at the Battle of Bulgarophygon, he brought an end to the war with a rout of the Byzantine army. Following the death of the Byzantine emperor Alexander in 913, Simeon once again invaded Byzantine territory, but halted his plans when he was offered official recognition of his full imperial title, and a marriage between his daughter and the infant emperor, Constantine VII. The Byzantine court rejected the settlement and war was shortly renewed. On 20 August 917, Simeon fought the Byzantines, devoid of any allies, at Anchialus. Simeon, however, was prevented from taking Constantinople, although the Bulgarians took control of much of the Balkans.

820. BULGARIA, First Empire. Petar I, with Irina (Maria Lakapena). 927-969. PB Seal (25mm, 13.28 g, 12h). Struck 927-945(?). Facing bust of Christ, raising hand in benediction and holding Gospels / Facing busts of Petar and Irina, holding patriarchal cross on globe between them. Jordanov Type III.3Аa. VF, beige patina. ($300) In 927, a peace treaty with the Byzantine Empire officially recognized the transfer of the imperial title to Simeon’s son and successor, Petr I, his marriage to the emperor’s daughter, Maria Lakapena, who was now known as Irina (“peace”), as well as the independence of the Patriarch of Bulgaria. However, the peace was short-lived, as a power struggle between Petar and his brothers ensued. The weakness this internecine struggle created resulted in the loss of territory, renewed invasions of neighboring peoples, including the capture of Preslav in 968, and the rise of religious schism.

821. BULGARIA, First Empire. Petar I, with Irina (Maria Lakapena). 927-969. PB Seal (20mm, 7.19 g, 12h). Struck 927-945(?). Facing bust of Christ, raising hand in benediction and holding Gospels / Facing busts of Petar and Irina, holding patriarchal cross between them. Jordanov Type III.3Ав. VF, brown patina, a few digs. ($300) 220


822. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Petar IV. 1185–1197. Æ Trachy (27mm, 2.79 g, 6h). Uncertain mint. Christ standing facing on daïs, raising hand in benediction / Petar IV standing facing on daïs, holding patriarchal cross. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.1.1 (R9); Youroukova & Penchev 31-3; D&D 1.1.1. VF, green-brown patina. Very rare. ($300) Known as Todor prior to his proclamation as tsar in 1185, Petar, along with his younger brother Ivan Asen, took advantage of Bulgarian unrest over Byzantine overlordship to rebel against the empire. In 1185, after a series of earlier abortive attempts, they were successful and Todor declared himself tsar, or independent ruler, taking the name Petar IV, an act designed to legitimate his reign by associating himself with the previous First Bulgarian Empire. The rebellion took on religious overtones when an icon of St. Dimitrii of Solun was miraculously discovered at the rebel capital of Turnovo, signaling that Saint’s assistance in Bulgarian independence. Over the next several years, the Byzantines tried unsuccessfully to put down the rebellion and recover the territory lost to them. After major Byzantine defeats near Tryavna, Arcadiople, and Serres, Bulgarian ascendancy seemed to be checked by the murder of Asen at the hands of his cousin Ivanko, and in 1197 by the murder of Peter IV, and the succession to the throne of his youngest brother, Kaloyan.

823. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Ivan Asen II. 1218–1241. Æ Trachy (30mm, 2.34 g, 6h). Thessalonica mint. Facing bust of Christ, raising hand in benediction and holding Gospels / Ivan Asen II and St. Dimitrii standing facing, holding startipped staff between them. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.2.2; Youroukova & Penchev 35-6; D&D 2.2.1. VF, dark green-brown patina. ($300) The succession of Ivan Asen II reversed a trend of territorial loss and, once again, Bulgaria engaged in a policy of territorial expansion. After recovering the lands lost to it under Boril, Ivan Asen II then occupied Odrin and Albania. Through diplomacy, he regained the cities of Belgrade and Branicevo which had been lost to Hungary, as well as some lands from the Latin Empire. Following Ivan’s major success at Klokotnitsa in 1230, the Epirus Despotate became a Bulgarian vassal. In an inscription from Turnovo in 1230 he entitled himself “in Christ the Lord faithful Tsar and autocrat of the Bulgarians, son of the old Asen.” The Bulgarian Orthodox Patriarchate was restored in 1235 with approval of all eastern Patriarchates, thus putting an end to the union with the Papacy. Ivan Asen II had a reputation as a wise and humane ruler, and opened relations with the west, especially Venice and Genoa, to diversify the trade of his country. The country enjoyed flourishing economy, trade relations were diversified, and around 1235 Bulgaria organized its own navy. In early 1241, Ivan Asen II defeated a column of the Mongol army of Batu Khan as it was retreating from Hungary. This defeat, however, was not decisive, and a new Mongol invasion came not long after Ivan’s death, forcing Bulgaria to become tributary to the Golden Horde.

Extremely Rare

824. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Mihail Asen II. 1246-1256. Æ Trachy (21mm, 2.18 g, 11h). Veliko Turnovo mint. Christ enthroned facing / St. Michael standing facing, holding sword and globus cruciger. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.3.2 (R10); Youroukova & Penchev –; D&D –. VF, dark green patina. Extremely rare. ($200) Son of Ivan Asen II and Irene Komnene Doukaina, Mihail was seven or eight years old when he rose to the throne. His reign was marked by a series of conficts with the Empire of Nikaia during the reigns of John III Doukas (Vatatzes) and Theodore II Doukas-Laskaris. He reached peace the with latter, but the terms of the treaty outraged many of the leading nobleman. A plan was hatched to replace Mihail with his cousin Kaliman Asen, and Mihail was soon assassinated.

221


825. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Mico Asen. 1256–1257. Æ Trachy (27mm, 2.64 g, 6h). Veliko Turnovo mint. Facing bust of St. Nikolai, raising hand in benediction and holding Gospels / Half-length facing bust of Mico Asen, holding scepter and cross, being crowned by manus Dei. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.6.2-5 (R7); Youroukova & Penchev 137; D&D 4.1.1. Good VF, attractive green patina. Well struck. ($200) Mico Asen ascended the throne by virtue of his marriage to Maria, a daughter of Ivan Asen II. Little is known about him. Becoming emperor of Bulgaria after the murder of his wife’s cousin, Kaliman Asen II in 1256, he had some support in the capital, but was largely opposed by the rest of the nobility. After an unsuccessful campaign against Theodore II Doukas-Laskaris, Emperor of Nikaia, Mico lost control even over the commoners. When Konstantin I Tikh was proclaimed emperor, Mico and his family fled to Michael VIII Palaiologos and sought refuge in Nikaia. Here he was given lands in the Troad, where he remained with his family. The date of his death is unknown, but it is likely that he was no longer alive in 1277/8, when his son Ivan Asen III was put forward as a claimant to the Bulgarian throne by the Byzantine Emperor Michael VIII.

826. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Mico Asen. 1256–1257. Æ Trachy (27mm, 2.39 g, 6h). Veliko Turnovo mint. Facing bust of St. Nikolai, raising hand in benediction and holding Gospels / Half-length facing bust of Mico Asen, holding scepter and cross, being crowned by manus Dei. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.6.2-5 (R7); Youroukova & Penchev 137; D&D 4.1.1. Good VF, attractive green patina. Well struck. ($200)

827. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Konstantin I. 1257–1277. Æ Trachy (26mm, 4.16 g, 6h). Veliko Turnovo mint. Facing bust of Christ, raising hand in benediction and holding scroll, between two crosses / Konstantin standing facing, holding labarum and globus cruciger. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.4.2; Youroukova & Penchev 38; cf. D&D 3.1.2/3.1.1 (for obv./ rev.). VF, dark brown patina. ($200) Konstantin I Tikh was elected by the nobles in 1257 to replace the ineffective Mico Asen. To legitimize his claim, he married Eirene of Nikaia, a daughter of emperor Theodore II Doukas-Laskaris by Elena of Bulgaria, the daughter of Ivan Asen II of Bulgaria. From 1259 to 1261 Konstantin warred against Béla IV of Hungary, during which time the Hungarians captured the Bulgarian town of Vidin. Two years later, the Bulgarians recovered Vidin under the leadership of Jakov Svetoslav, who became its independent ruler (1263–1275). Due to the expensive and unsuccessful wars, repeated Mongol raids, and economic instability that followed, a revolt ensued in 1277. Its leader, the swineherd Ivailo, was successful and managed to take the Bulgarian throne for a time (1277-1280) following Konstantin’s death.

222


828 829 828. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Konstantin I. 1257–1277. Æ Trachy (26mm, 1.94 g, 6h). Veliko Turnovo mint. Facing bust of Christ, raising hand in benediction and holding scroll, between two crosses / Konstantin standing facing, holding labarum and globus cruciger. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.4.2; Youroukova & Penchev 38; cf. D&D 3.1.2/3.1.1 (for obv./ rev.). VF, green patina. ($150) 829. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Konstantin I. 1257–1277. Æ Trachy (27mm, 2.74  g, 6h). Veliko Turnovo mint. Facing bust of Christ, raising hand in benediction and holding scroll, between two crosses / Half-length facing bust of Konstantin I, holding labarum and globus cruciger. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.4.4-6; Youroukova & Penchev 39; D&D 3.1.2. Good VF, dark green patina. Nice for issue. ($150) Similar to the previous two lots, but the family name “Asen” has been added to the reverse legend.

831 830 830. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Konstantin I. 1257–1277. Æ Trachy (25mm, 2.21 g, 6h). Veliko Turnovo mint. Large cross with IC–XC in upper quarters, stars in lower quarters / Konstantin I enthroned facing, holding labarum and akakia, being crowned by manus Dei. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.4.8; Youroukova & Penchev 41; D&D 3.1.3. VF, green-brown patina. ($100) 831. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Konstantin I. 1257–1277. Æ Trachy (27mm, 2.69  g, 6h). Veliko Turnovo mint. Large cross with IC–XC in upper quarters, stars in lower quarters / Konstantin I enthroned facing, holding labarum and akakia, being crowned by manus Dei. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.4.8; Youroukova & Penchev 41; D&D 3.1.3. VF, black patina, some scratches on obverse. ($100)

833 832 832. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Konstantin I. 1257–1277. Æ Trachy (23mm, 2.66 g, 6h). Veliko Turnovo mint. Facing bust of Christ, raising hand in benediction and holding Gospels / Konstantin I on horseback right, holding patriarchal cross. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.4.11; Youroukova & Penchev 42; D&D 3.1.4. VF, dark green patina. ($150) Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 400 (28 June 2017), lot 720.

833. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Konstantin I. 1257–1277. Æ Trachy (25mm, 3.23 g, 6h). Veliko Turnovo mint. Facing bust of Christ, raising hand in benediction and holding Gospels / Konstantin I on horseback right, holding patriarchal cross. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.4.11; Youroukova & Penchev 42; D&D 3.1.4. VF, earthen green patina, flan crack. ($100)

834. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Konstantin I. 1257–1277. Æ Trachy (22mm, 3.14 g, 6h). Veliko Turnovo mint. Facing bust of the Virgin Mary, orans; two stars below / Konstantin I standing facing, holding cross-tipped staff and akakia; stars around. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.4.12 (R8); Youroukova & Penchev 46; D&D 3.1.6. Near VF, green patina. Very rare type. ($200) 223


835 836 835. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Konstantin I. 1257–1277. Æ Trachy (24mm, 2.42 g, 6h). Veliko Turnovo mint. Facing bust of Christ, raising hand in benediction and holding Gospels; two stars below / Konstantin I standing facing, holding [cross-tipped] staff and akakia; stars around. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.4.13-6; Youroukova & Penchev 44; D&D 3.1.5. VF, green patina, flan cracks. ($100) 836. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Konstantin I. 1257–1277. Æ Trachy (20mm, 1.88  g, 6h). Veliko Turnovo mint. Winged seraph with head facing slightly left / Half-length facing bust of Konstantin I, holding labarum and [globus cruciger]. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.4.17 (R8); Youroukova & Penchev 48; D&D 13.1.7. Fine, green-brown patina. Very rare. ($100)

837. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Konstantin I. 1257–1277. PB Seal (37mm, 28.79 g, 12h). St. Michael the Archangel, placing right hand on sheath of sword, holding spear in left hand / Konstantin I standing facing, holding labarum and akakia. Cf. Jordanov Types I.8.A–Б. Near VF, rough brown patina, some encrustation. Extremely rare variety. ($500)

Three Rare Iakov Svetoslav Trachea

838 839 838. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Iakov Svetoslav. Despotes in Vidin, 1263-1275. Æ Trachy (22mm, 1.80 g, 6h). Uncertain mint. Half-length facing bust of St. Dimitrii, orans / Half-length facing bust of Iakov Svetoslav, holding sword and shield. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.5.1 (R7); Youroukova & Penchev 139; D&D 5.1.2. VF, brown patina. Rare. ($200) Jakov Svetoslav, who was successful in recovering the Bulgarian city of Vidin from the Hungarians in 1263, became its independent ruler until 1275.

839. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Iakov Svetoslav. Despotes in Vidin, 1263-1275. Æ Trachy (23mm, 1.89 g, 6h). Uncertain mint. Half-length facing bust of St. Dimitrii, orans / Half-length facing bust of Iakov Svetoslav, holding sword and shield. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.5.1 (R7); Youroukova & Penchev 139; D&D 5.1.2. VF, dark green patina, irregular flan. Rare. ($150)

840. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Iakov Svetoslav. Despotes in Vidin, 1263-1275. Æ Trachy (28mm, 2.97 g, 6h). Uncertain mint. Facing bust of St. Dimitrii, holding cross / Half-length facing bust of Iakov Svetoslav, holding sword and shield. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.5.3 (R8); Youroukova & Penchev –; D&D –. VF, dark green-brown patina. Very rare, the first offered by CNG. ($300) 224


841. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Georgi Terter I. 1280–1292. Æ Trachy (22mm, 1.83 g, 6h). Veliko Turnovo mint. Facing bust of Christ set on ornate throne / Georgi and his son Todor Svetoslav standing facing, holding long cross between them. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.7.1 (R8); Youroukova & Penchev 51; D&D 6.2.1. VF, green patina. Rare. ($150) While the actual birth date and parentage of Georgi Terter I, who ruled as tsar of Bulgaria from 1280 to 1292, are uncertain, it is certain that he had at least one brother, Aldimir (Eltimir), who married the sister of the young tsar Ivan II and was appointed despotēs in 1298 in return for protection against his uncles as well as the advancing Mongols under Chaka. Prior to his accession, Georgi Terter I allied himself with Ivan Asen III, which included sending his son Theodore Svetoslav to Constantinople as a hostage, and marrying the sister of Ivan Asen III. In return, Georgi Terter I was appointed despotēs. When Ivan III Asen fled the country in 1280, Georgi Terter I seized the throne. His first move was to try to ally himself with Carlo I d’Angiò and Stefan Dragutin to remove Michael VIII Palaiologos and restore the Latin kingdom. When this move failed and the Mongols of the Golden Horde under Nogai Khan began ravaging Bulgaria, Georgi Terter I in 1284 engaged his daughter Anna to Stefan Uroš II Milutin. In addition, he recovered his son Theodore Svetoslav from Constantinople and appointed him as co-tsar. A second Mongol invasion in 1285, however, forced him to send his son this time as a hostage (along with a daughter) to Nogai Khan. While there, the young girl married Nogai’s son Chaka. Possibly prompted by the Mongols, in 1292, Georgi Terter I fled to Constantinople. Fearing a possible Mongol reprisal, the Byzantines hesitated receiving him at court; instead, Georgi Terter I remained for a while in Adrianople, before he was finally transferred east. In 1301, his son Theodore Svetoslav, now tsar, recovered his father from the Byzantines and confined him to a comfortable exile, until Georgi Terter I’s death in 1308/9.

842. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Todor Svetoslav. 1300–1322. AR Groš (21mm, 1.70 g, 6h). Veliko Turnovo mint. Christ enthroned facing / Todor Svetoslav standing facing, holding cross-tipped scepter. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.8.1; Youroukova & Penchev 54; D&D 7.1.1. Good VF, toned. ($200) Todor Svetoslav was the son of Georgi Terter I. Until 1289, he was given as a hostage, first to the Byzantines and later to the Mongols of the Golden Horde. In 1298 or 1299, Todor attempted to invade Bulgaria with the assistance of his Mongol brother-in-law Chaka. They were successful for a while, and Chaka ruled as tsar. However, Todor Svetoslav soon betrayed Chaka, had him murdered and himself became tsar in 1300. Todor was vindictive, punishing all who stood in his way, including those who had helped in his rise to power. In the face of his brutality, the nobility revolted and attempted to replace him with Byzantine assistance. Over the next several years, warfare continued until a peace was reached and war ended with a peace treaty in 1307. The result was relative peace between Todor Svetoslav and his neighbors until his death.

843. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Todor Svetoslav. 1300–1322. Æ Trachy (22mm, 2.17 g). Veliko Turnovo mint. Large cross with annulet at each point / Todor Svetoslav on horseback right, holding cross-tipped scepter. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.8.4; Youroukova & Penchev 55; D&D 7.2.1. VF, dark green and reddish-brown patina. ($100)

844. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Todor Svetoslav. 1300–1322. Æ Trachy (22mm, 1.41 g). Veliko Turnovo mint. Large cross with annulet at each point / Todor Svetoslav on horseback right, holding cross-tipped scepter. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.8.4; Youroukova & Penchev 55; D&D 7.2.1. VF, dark green patina with dusting of earthen deposits, obverse slightly double struck. ($100) 225


845. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Georgi Terter II. 1322–1323. AR Groš (18mm, 1.37 g, 6h). Uncertain mint. Christ enthroned facing / Georgi II and St. Georgi standing facing, holding banner between them. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.10.1 (R8); Youroukova & Penchev 49; D&D 6.1.1 (Georgi I); Dochev 5480-5500 (Dux George, 1325-1335?). VF, toned, tiny edge chips. Rare. ($200) Georgi Terter II was the son of Todor Svetoslav, and after his father’s death in 1321 he became actively involved in the civil war in the Byzantine Empire, between Andronikos II Palaiologos and his grandson Andronikos III Palaiologos. Taking advantage of the situation, Georgi invaded Byzantine Thrace, conquered Plovdiv and part of the surrounding area in 1322. Later that year, however, the Bulgarians were defeated by Andronikos III. While the Byzantine emperor was preparing for an invasion of Bulgaria, Georgi died.

Extremely Rare Groš

846. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Mihail Asen III Šišman. 1323–1330. AR Groš (20mm, 1.76 g, 6h). Uncertain mint. Christ enthroned facing; x to inner right / Tsarina and Mihail Šišman standing facing, holding banner decorated with x between them. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.11.4 (R9); Youroukova & Penchev 61; D&D 8.1.3. Near EF, lightly toned. Extremely rare, only the second CNG has handled and the first since 2008 (for the other, see CNG 79, lot 1425 [hammer $2500]). ($500) Mihail Asen III was the son of the despotēs Šišman of Vidin and a distant cousin of Todor Svetoslav and Georgi Terter II. Since the middle of the 13th century, Vidin had been effectively autonomous under ineffective Bulgarian overlordship, and the title of despotēs signified this. When Georgi Terter II died in 1323, Mihail Asen III was elected emperor of Bulgaria. Although Mihail managed to force Andronikos III to retreat, the Byzantines took Plovdiv. Mihail was able to recover Bulgarian control over northern and northeastern Thrace in 1324. A subsequent peace treaty with the Byzantine Empire, which was to be concluded by Mihail’s marriage to Theodora Palaiologina, the sister of Andronikos III Palaiologos, who had previously been married to Todor Svetoslav of Bulgaria. To marry Theodora, Mihail divorced his first wife Anna (Neda), a sister of the Serbian King Stefan Uroš III Dečanski, a move that resulted in a worsening of relations with Serbia. Even the rival Byzantine emperors took sides, and for the next several years, a series of wars were waged against the Serbs and their Byzantine allies. This type has caused some confusion since neither of Mihail’s two wives was named Irene. It is thought that Theodora may have adopted the name, which means “peace,” as her marriage to Mihail was one of the conditions of the treaty reached between the Bulgarians and Byzantines. The taking of the name would serve as “a symbolic commemoration of the rapprochement that her marriage to Michael brought to the two warring lands” (D&D p. 129). See Dochev p. 254 and Raduchev & Zhekov p. 113, however, for a coin struck from a re-engraved reverse die, where part of the name of Anna is visible.

847. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Mihail Asen III Šišman. 1323–1330. AR Groš (21mm, 1.75 g, 6h). Uncertain mint. Christ enthroned facing / Mihail Šišman and St. Georgi standing facing, holding banner between them. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.11.7 (R7) var. (rev. legend); Youroukova & Penchev 59 var. (same); cf. D&D 8.1.2; Dochev 5780-5790. Good VF, toned. ($300) 226


848 849 848. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Mihail Asen III Šišman. 1323–1330. AR Groš (20mm, 1.66 g, 6h). Uncertain mint. Christ enthroned facing / Tsarina and Mihail Šišman standing facing, holding patriarchal cross between them. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.11.8 (R9); Youroukova & Penchev 62 var. (arrangement of rev. legend); D&D 8.1.4 var. (same). Good VF, lightly toned. Very rare. ($300) 849. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Mihail Asen III Šišman. 1323–1330. AR Groš (20mm, 1.66 g, 6h). Uncertain mint. Christ enthroned facing / Tsarina and Mihail Šišman standing facing, holding patriarchal cross between them. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.11.9 (R7); Youroukova & Penchev 62; D&D 8.1.4. Good VF, lightly toned. Rare. ($300)

850 851 850. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Mihail Asen III Šišman. 1323–1330. AR Groš (22mm, 1.64 g, 6h). Veliko Turnovo mint. Christ enthroned facing / Mihail Šišman on horseback right, holding cross-tipped scepter. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.11.11 (R7); Youroukova & Penchev 64; D&D 8.1.5. Good VF, lightly toned. ($150) 851. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Mihail Asen III Šišman. 1323–1330. AR Groš (22mm, 1.59 g, 6h). Veliko Turnovo mint. Christ enthroned facing / Mihail Šišman on horseback right, holding cross-tipped scepter. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.11.11 (R7); Youroukova & Penchev 64; D&D 8.1.5. Good VF, lightly toned. ($200)

852. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Mihail Asen III Šišman. 1323–1330. AR Groš (19mm, 1.35 g, 11h). Imitative issue. Christ enthroned facing / Mihail Šišman on horseback right, holding cross-tipped scepter; star on rump of horse. Cf. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.11.11; cf. Youroukova & Penchev 64; cf. D&D 8.1.5. Good VF, toned. ($150)

853. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Mihail Asen III Šišman. 1323–1330. AR Groš (20mm, 1.71 g, 5h). Imitative issue. Christ enthroned facing / Mihail Šišman on horseback right, holding cross-tipped scepter. Cf. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.11.11; cf. Youroukova & Penchev 64; cf. D&D 8.1.5. VF, toned. ($150) 227


854 855 854. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Mihail Asen III Šišman. 1323–1330. Æ Trachy (17mm, 0.68 g, 12h). Veliko Turnovo mint. Šišman tamgha flanked by [stars] / Mihail Šišman on horseback right, holding cross-tipped scepter. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.11.13 (R9); Youroukova & Penchev 67; D&D 8.2.2. VF, green-brown surfaces. Very rare. ($100) 855. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Mihail Asen III Šišman. 1323–1330. Æ Trachy (20mm, 1.68 g, 12h). Veliko Turnovo mint. Cross with lower arm set at an angle and forked floral base; IC–XC in upper quarters, stars flanking / Šišman tamgha flanked by stars. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.11.14; Youroukova & Penchev 68; D&D 8.2.3. VF, brown patina. An attractive example. ($100)

856 857 856. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Mihail Asen III Šišman. 1323–1330. Æ Trachy (22mm, 1.95 g, 12h). Veliko Turnovo mint. Šišman tamgha / Mihail Šišman (on left) and Ivan Stefan (on right) standing facing, holding long cross between them. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.12.1 (R8) var.; Youroukova & Penchev 65 var.; D&D 8.2.1 var.; Dochev 1790. VF, dark green patina, a few digs. Rare variant, more commonly found with Ivan on left and Mihail on right. ($100) 857. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Mihail Asen III Šišman. 1323–1330. Æ Trachy (20mm, 1.14 g, 12h). Imitative issue. Šišman tamgha / Crude figures of Mihail Šišman (on right) and Ivan Stefan (on left) standing facing, holding long cross between them. Cf. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.12.2; cf. Youroukova & Penchev 66; cf. D&D 8.2.1; Dochev 1920-60. VF, dark green patina. ($100)

858. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Mihail Asen III Šišman(?). 1323–1330. PB Token (18mm, 16.65 g, 12h). Facing bust, holding cross-tipped scepter / Globus cruciger decorated with Šišman tamgha. VF, tan-brown patina. ($150) The same tamgha (family sign) is prominently featured on the coinage of Mihail Šišman (see previous lots).

228


859

860

861

859. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Ivan Aleksandar. 1331–1371. AR Groš (19mm, 1.03 g, 6h). Veliko Turnovo mint. Christ enthroned facing / Ivan Aleksandar standing facing, holding cross-tipped staff. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.13.1-2; Youroukova & Penchev 71; D&D 9.1.1. EF. ($150) The nephew of Mihail III Asen, Ivan Aleksander became emperor in 1331, following a coup which drove out the rightful though ineffective ruler, Ivan Stefan. The new ruler set about consolidating his position by regaining territories recently lost to the Byzantine Empire. In 1331, Ivan Aleksander campaigned around Adrianople and reconquered northeastern Thrace. After defeating the Byzantines at Rusokastro, a peace was struck, essentially reestablishing the status quo between the two powers, and an alliance was made with the betrothal of Ivan’s eldest son, Michael Asen IV, to Andronicus’ daughter Maria (Eirene), the marriage eventually taking place in 1339. To safeguard his throne in the meantime, Ivan installed his eldest son, Michael Asen IV, as co-emperor in about 1332; he followed this up with the coronation of his younger sons, Ivan Sracimir and Ivan Asen IV, in 1337. It was possibly the intention of Ivan Aleksander that these younger co-emperors could establish immediate control over important cities and regions, and administer them directly. Throughout the 1340s, relations with the Byzantine Empire and Serbia were periodically strained. Attempts to repel the Ottomans repeatedly failed, and Ivan Aleksander’s third son and co-emperor, Ivan Asen IV, was killed in battle against them in 1349, as also happened to his older brother Michael Asen IV in 1355 or a little earlier. A new and more successful attempt against the Ottomans was made in 1355, this time by John V Palaiologos. Although Ivan Aleksander’s daughter Keraca Marija was married to the future Andronicus IV Palaiologos as part of the arrangement, the alliance failed to produce concrete results. To continue his policy of having sons as co-emperors and to replace those who had died, Ivan Aleksander divorced his first wife and married a second time. The sons of this new union were crowned as co-emperors, Ivan Šišman in about 1356 and Ivan Asen V by 1359. However, Ivan Aleksander’s long-range plans had failed as the last surviving son from his first marriage, the co-emperor Ivan Sracimir, became effectively an independent ruler in 1356. In 1364, hostilities yet again broke out between the Bulgarians and Byzantines. Ivan Aleksander was forced to sue for peace. The relatively successful resolution of the crisis in the northwest did nothing to help recover the losses in the southeast. The Ottomans under Murad I conquered Adrianople and Plovdiv. Preparing to meet them, Ivan Aleksander died on 17 February 1371.

860. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Ivan Aleksandar. 1331–1371. AR Groš (23mm, 1.10 g, 6h). Veliko Turnovo mint. Christ enthroned facing / Ivan Aleksandar standing facing, holding cross-tipped staff. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.13.1-2; Youroukova & Penchev 71; D&D 9.1.1. Near EF, toned. ($150) 861. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Ivan Aleksandar. 1331–1371. AR Groš (20mm, 0.94  g, 12h). Veliko Turnovo mint. Christ enthroned facing / Ivan Aleksandar standing facing, holding cross-tipped staff. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.13.1-2; Youroukova & Penchev 71; D&D 9.1.1. Near EF, toned. ($150)

b

a

c

862. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Ivan Aleksandar. 1331–1371. Lot of three (3) AR Groši. Veliko Turnovo mint. Includes: (a) (20mm, 1.24 g, 6h). Christ standing facing before seat, raising hands in benediction / Ivan Aleksandar and Mihail Asen IV standing facing to either side of banner, each holding cross-tipped scepter; stars flanking staff of banner. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.13.3-6; Youroukova & Penchev 74-80; D&D 9.1.2 // (b) (22mm, 1.49 g, 6h). Similar to last; (c) (20mm, 1.42 g, 6h). Similar to last, but an imitative issue. Good VF to EF. ($200) 229


863. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Ivan Aleksandar. 1331–1371. AR Groš (19mm, 0.63 g, 6h). Veliko Turnovo mint. Christ standing facing before seat, raising hands in benediction / Ivan Aleksandar and Mihail Asen IV standing facing to either side of banner, each holding cross-tipped scepter; stars flanking staff of banner. Raduchev & Zhekov Type 1.13.6 (R7); Youroukova & Penchev 78; D&D 9.1.2 var. (form of monogram in right obv. field). Near EF, lightly toned. Rare variety. ($150)

865 864 864. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Ivan Aleksandar. 1331–1371. Æ Trachy (19mm, 1.71 g, 9h). Veliko Turnovo mint. АΛЄЗ monogram / Ivan Aleksandar standing facing, holding cross-tipped scepter and globus cruciger. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.13.7 (R9); Youroukova & Penchev –; D&D –. Near VF, dark green-brown patina. Very rare. ($100) 865. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Ivan Aleksandar. 1331–1371. Æ Trachy (20mm, 1.45 g, 5h). Veliko Turnovo mint. АΛЄЗ monogram / Ivan Aleksandar standing facing, holding cross-tipped scepter and globus cruciger. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.13.8 (R10); Youroukova & Penchev –; D&D –. VF, dark green patina. Extremely rare. ($150)

867 866 866. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Ivan Aleksandar. 1331–1371. Æ Trachy (21mm, 1.66 g, 12h). Veliko Turnovo mint. АΛЄЗ monogram / Ivan Aleksandar on horseback right, holding cross-tipped scepter. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.13.9-12; Youroukova & Penchev 83-4; D&D 9.2.1. VF, attractive green patina. ($100) 867. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Ivan Aleksandar. 1331–1371. Æ Trachy (22mm, 1.09 g, 6h). Veliko Turnovo mint. АΛЄЗ monogram / Ivan Aleksandar on horseback right, holding cross-tipped scepter. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.13.9-12; Youroukova & Penchev 83-4; D&D 9.2.1. VF, green and red-brown patina. ($100)

868 869 868. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Ivan Aleksandar. 1331–1371. Æ Trachy (17mm, 0.83 g, 9h). Imitative issue(?). АΛЄЗ monogram / Ivan Aleksandar on horseback right, holding cross-tipped scepter. Cf. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.13.9-12; cf. Youroukova & Penchev 83-4; cf. D&D 9.2.1. VF, brown patina. Struck on a small, lightweight planchet. ($100) 869. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Ivan Aleksandar. 1331–1371. Æ Trachy (21mm, 1.35 g, 6h). Veliko Turnovo mint. Cross pattée set on floral base / Ivan Aleksandar standing facing, holding cross-tipped scepter and akakia. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.13.14 (R7); Youroukova & Penchev 85; D&D 9.2.2. VF, green patina. ($100)

230


870 871 870. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Ivan Aleksandar. 1331–1371. Æ Trachy (18mm, 1.44 g, 12h). Veliko Turnovo mint. Cross pattée set on floral base; IC–XC in upper quarters / Ivan Aleksandar standing facing, holding cross-tipped scepter. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.13.15-18; Youroukova & Penchev 87; D&D 9.2.3. VF, dark green patina, some roughness. ($100) 871. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Ivan Aleksandar. 1331–1371. Æ Trachy (23mm, 1.31 g, 12h). Veliko Turnovo mint. Three-towered castle façade / Ivan Aleksandar and Mihail Asen IV standing facing, holding labarum between them. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.13.19-22; Youroukova & Penchev 89; D&D 9.2.4. VF, green-brown patina, some bare metal exposed. ($100)

a b 872. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Ivan Aleksandar. 1331–1371. Lot of two (2) Æ Trachea. Includes: (a) (20mm, 0.97 g, 6h). Veliko Turnovo mint. АΛЄ and ЦAP monograms / Ivan Aleksandar and Theodora standing facing to either side of a long cross set on triangular base. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.13.23-9; Youroukova & Penchev 92; D&D 9.2.5 // (b) (21mm, 1.18 g, 6h). Cherven mint. Facing bust of Christ, holding Gospels / Ivan Aleksandar standing facing, holding cross-tipped scepter. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.13.34 (R6); Youroukova & Penchev 96; D&D 9.2.7. Both VF. Second coin scarce. ($150)

873. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Ivan Aleksandar. 1331–1371. Æ Trachy (18mm, 0.83 g, 6h). Shumen mint. Voided cross with central line; IC–XC/N–K in quarters / Ivan Aleksandar standing facing, holding cross (or crude globus cruciger?) in right hand and cross-tipped scepter in left. Cf. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.13.31-33; cf. Youroukova & Penchev 95; cf. D&D 9.2.6; Dochev 3920-30. Good VF, brown patina. Rare variety, normally found with tsar holding scepter in right hand, cross/globus cruciger in left. ($150)

874. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Ivan Aleksandar. 1331–1371. Æ Trachy (20mm, 2.28 g, 6h). Cherven mint. Facing bust of Christ, holding Gospels / Half-length facing bust of Ivan Aleksandar, holding cross-tipped scepter. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.13.37-39 (R7); Youroukova & Penchev 70; D&D –. VF, green-brown patina, reverse double struck. Rare. ($150)

231


875 876 875. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Ivan Aleksandar. 1331–1371. Æ Trachy (20mm, 1.28 g, 6h). Cherven mint. Christ enthroned facing / Half-length facing bust of Ivan Aleksandar, holding cross-tipped scepter. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.13.40 (R8); Youroukova & Penchev 97; D&D 9.2.8. VF, dark green patina, flan a bit wavy. Rare. ($150) 876. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Ivan Aleksandar. 1331–1371. Æ Trachy (21mm, 1.07 g, 6h). Cherven mint. Cross pattée set on floral base; IC–XC in upper quarters / Half-length facing bust of Ivan Aleksandar, holding cross-tipped scepter. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.13.42-43; Youroukova & Penchev 98; cf. D&D 9.2.9. Good VF, earthen green patina. ($150)

a b 877. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Ivan Aleksandar. 1331–1371. Lot of two (2) Æ Trachea. Includes: (a) (19mm, 1.45 g, 3h). Cherven mint. АΛЄЗ monogram / Ivan Aleksandar standing facing, holding cruciform scepter. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.13.51; Youroukova & Penchev 100; cf. D&D 9.2.10 // (b) (18mm, 1.09 g, 6h). Similar to last, but with different form of monogram. Dochev 3760. VF, both with earthen green patinas. ($150)

878 879 878. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Ivan Aleksandar. 1331–1371. Æ Trachy (18mm, 1.18 g, 6h). Veliko Turnovo mint. Cross pattée set on floral base; X–C in upper quarters / Double-headed eagle with outstretched wings. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.13.63-4 (R7); Youroukova & Penchev 105; D&D 9.2.13. Good VF, green-brown surfaces. Rare. ($100) 879. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Ivan Aleksandar. 1331–1371. Æ Trachy (18mm, 1.60 g, 6h). Veliko Turnovo mint. Cross pattée set on floral base / Double-headed eagle with outstretched wings. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.13.65 (R7); Youroukova & Penchev 105 var. (X and C in upper quarters of cross); D&D 9.2.13 var. (same). Near EF, green-brown surfaces. Rare. ($150)

880. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Ivan Aleksandar. 1331–1371. Æ Trachy (17mm, 1.44 g, 6h). Veliko Turnovo mint. Voided cross with central line; IC–XC in upper quarters, stars in lower quarters / Half-length facing bust of the Archangel Michael, holding cross-tipped scepter and globus cruciger. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.13.66-68 (R7); Youroukova & Penchev 106; D&D 9.2.14. VF, brown patina. Rare. ($150)

232


b

a

c

d

e

881. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Ivan Sracimir. 1356–1397. Lot of five (5) AR Groši. All coins: Vidin mint. Facing bust of Christ / Ivan Sracimir enthroned facing, holding lis-tipped scepter and akakia. Includes: (a) (20mm, 1.13 g, 3h). Raduchev & Zhekov 1.14.1 // (b) (19mm, 1.11 g, 3h). As last // (c) (20mm, 1.26 g, 11h). As last // (d) (18mm, 0.96 g, 7h). Similar to last, but with axe below throne. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.14.8 // (e) (17mm, 0.70 g, 12h). Similar to last, but star below throne. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.14.9. VF to Good VF. ($200) Ivan Sracimir was the second son of Ivan Aleksander and was appointed co-emperor by his father Ivan Aleksander. At this or some later point, Ivan Sracimir was given control of Vidin, which he held for the rest of his reign. In 1365, he and his family became hostages of the Hungarians. Three years later, Sracimir was restored to his throne, but he had to acknowledge effective Hungarian overlordship. When Ivan Aleksander died in 1371, Ivan Sracimir was particularly determined to assert his independent status, and in 1381 he placed the metropolitan archbishop of Vidin under the control of the Patriarch of Constantinople, thereby effectively allying himself with the Byzantine Empire. After the Ottoman invasion of northern Bulgaria in 1388, Ivan Sracimir was forced to acknowledge Ottoman overlordship and accept Ottoman garrisons in his land. On the death of Ivan Šišman in 1395, Sracimir tried to control part of his brother’s former realm which was not yet under Ottoman control, but was unsuccessful. When the Hungarians led a crusade against the Ottomans in 1396, Sracimir allied himself with it, placing his available resources at its disposal. The crusade ended in disaster at the battle of Nikopol on 25 September 1396. In 1397 Sultan Bayezid I captured Sracimir at Vidin and had him transported to Bursa, where he died. While part of the remaining realm stayed under the control of Sracimir’s son and heir Konstantin II, independent rule of Bulgaria was effectively ended.

b a 882. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Ivan Sracimir. 1356–1397. Lot of two (2) Æ Trachea. Includes: (a) (16mm, 0.89 g, 5h). Vidin mint. Double-headed eagle with wings outstretched; star above / Ivan Sracimir standing facing, holding crosstipped scepter. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.14.10; Youroukova & Penchev 116; D&D 10.2.1 // (b) (15mm, 0.44 g, 7h). Similar to last, but smaller module version with star visible to right of eagle. Both VF with green patinas. ($200)

b a 883. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Ivan Sracimir. 1356–1397. Lot of two (2) Æ Trachea. Includes: (a) (16mm, 0.72g, 10h). Vidin mint. Ivan Sracimir monogram / Ivan Sracimir and Anna standing facing, each holding cross-tipped scepter; patriarchal cross between. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.14.13 (R7); cf. Youroukova & Penchev 116; D&D 10.2.2 // (b) (18mm, 0.97 g, 12h). Vidin mint. Facing bust of Christ, raising hands in benediction / Ivan Sracimir monogram. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.14.14-15; Youroukova & Penchev 119; D&D 10.2.3. Both VF with green-brown surfaces. First coin rare. ($150)

233


a b c 884. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Ivan Šišman. 1371–1395. Lot of three (3) silver coins. Includes: (a) (18mm, 0.64 g, 6h). AR Groš. Veliko Turnovo mint. Christ standing facing before seat / Ivan Šišman and Ivan Sratsimir standing facing, each holding cross-tipped scepter and supporting banner. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.15.2-6; Youroukova & Penchev 122-3; D&D 11.1.1 // (b) (18mm, 0.80 g, 6h). Similar to last // (c) (14mm, 0.48 g, 6h). AR Half Groš. Veliko Turnovo mint. Facing bust of the Virgin Mary, with facing bust of the Christ Child before her / Ivan Šišman standing facing, holding cross-tipped scepter. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.15.9-12; Youroukova & Penchev 126-8; D&D 11.1.4. All VF, toned. ($200) One of the sons of Ivan Aleksander and his second wife, Ivan Šišman was made co-emperor in 1356. After the death of his father in 1371, he succeeded to the central portion of Bulgaria with its capital Turnovo, while his brother, Ivan Sratsimir, held the territory around Vidin, and Dobrotitsa/Dobrotici of Dobrudja carved out Karvuna as an independent region. Shortly after Ivan Šišman came to the throne, the Ottomans compelled him to recognize them as overlords and send his sister Thamar (Kera Tamara) as a bride for Sultan Murat I. In spite of this arrangement, the Ottomans conquered more territory. Encouraged by the Serbian and Bosnian victory over the Ottomans at the Battle of Pločnik in 1387, Ivan Šišman attempted to break away from Turkish influence. The Ottoman reprisal was swift, and he was required to surrender another daughter, Drastar (Silistra), to the sultan. Though Ivan Šišman again tried to back out, Ottoman pressure forced him to comply, as well as surrender additional garrisons and other strategic fortresses. Following the Christian defeat at the Battle of Kosovo in 1389, the Ottomans once again turned to Ivan Šišman. In 1393 the new sultan, Bayezid I, invaded Bulgaria and besieged Turnovo. After a three-month siege, the city fell on 17 July 1393, a date often taken as the end of the Second Bulgarian Empire, although both Ivan Šišman and Ivan Sratsimir survived. Ivan Šišman continued to rule in Nikopol as an Ottoman vassal, hoping for aid from the Hungarians, until he was beheaded there on the orders of Bayezid I on 3 June 1395. The remainder of Ivan Šišman’s territory was annexed into the Ottoman Empire, although Šišman’s son Konstantin II continued to rule at Vidin until 1422.

885. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Ivan Šišman. 1371–1395. AR Half Grosh (15mm, 0.58 g, 6h). Veliko Turnovo mint. Facing bust of the Virgin Mary, with facing bust of Christ Child before her / Half-length facing bust of Ivan Šišman, holding crosstipped scepter. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.15.7-8 (R7); Youroukova & Penchev 124-5; D&D 11.1.3. Near EF, toned. ($150)

886

887

886. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Ivan Šišman. 1371–1395. AR Half Grosh (14mm, 0.38 g). Brockage strike. Veliko Turnovo mint. Facing bust of the Virgin Mary, with facing bust of Christ Child before her / Incuse of obverse. Cf. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.15.7-12; cf. Youroukova & Penchev 124-8; cf. D&D 11.1.3-4. Good VF, lightly toned. Rare brockage. ($100) 887. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Ivan Šišman. 1371–1395. AR Half Grosh (16mm, 0.60 g, 6h). Veliko Turnovo mint. Facing bust of the Virgin Mary, with facing bust of Christ Child before her / Ivan Šišman standing facing, holding cross-tipped scepter. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.15.9-12 var.; Youroukova & Penchev 126-8 var.; D&D 11.1.4 var.; Dochev 4410-80 var. (all with different positioning of monograms on rev.). Good VF, lightly toned, flan slightly crimped. Extremely rare variety. ($200)

a b 888. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Ivan Šišman. 1371–1395. Lot of two (2) Æ Trachea. Both coins: Veliko Turnovo mint. Lion rampant left / Tsar monogram. Raduchev & Zhekov Type 1.15.15-16; Youroukova & Penchev 131-2; D&D 11.2.2. Includes: (a) (18mm, 1.69 g, 6h) // (b) (18mm, 1.54 g, 6h). Both VF, silvering. ($200) 234


889. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Ivan Šišman. 1371–1395. Æ Trachy (27mm, 4.14 g, 6h). Cherven mint. Šišman monogram; [N] above, Iω below / Tsar monogram; cross below. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.15.17 (R9); Youroukova & Penchev 133-5 var. (without Iω on obv. and cross on rev.); D&D –. Good VF, green-brown patina. A particularly broad and heavy example. Very rare. ($200)

890 891 890. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Ivan Šišman. 1371–1395. Æ Trachy (20mm, 1.13 g, 12h). Cherven mint. Šišman monogram; N above / Tsar monogram. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.15.17 (R9) var. (with Iω on obv. and cross on rev); Youroukova & Penchev 133-5; D&D –. Good VF, green-brown patina, a few cleaning scratches. Very rare. ($200) 891. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Ivan Šišman. 1371–1395. Æ Trachy (17mm, 1.89 g, 6h). Veliko Turnovo mint. Tsar monogram / Šišman monogram. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.15.18-20; Youroukova & Penchev 134; D&D 11.3.1. VF, green patina. ($100)

a

b

c

892. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Ivan Šišman. 1371–1395. Lot of three (3) Æ Trachea. Includes: (a) (16mm, 1.11 g, 12h). Veliko Turnovo mint. Tsar monogram / Šišman monogram. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.15.18-20; Youroukova & Penchev 134; D&D 1.13.1 // (b) (20mm, 2.15 g). Veliko Turnovo mint. Cross with central X / Šišman monogram. Raduchev & Zhekov Type 1.15.21-22; Youroukova & Penchev 136; D&D 11.3.2 // (c) (18mm, 0.92 g). Similar to last. Near VF to VF, first coin with some scratches. ($200)

a

b

893. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Dobrotitsa. Despotes in Karvuna, 1366-1386. Lot of two (2) Æ Trachea. Includes: (a) (16mm, 0.72 g, 12h). Uncertain mint. Large Д above T; pellets around / Large T; K/Λ/K/Λ around. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.16.7 (R8); Youroukova & Penchev 145; D&D 12.1.2 var. (no T on obv.) // (b) (17mm, 0.53 g). Similar to last, but over-struck or a flip-over double-strike, with a highly muddled reverse. VF, dark green patina. Very rare. ($250) Dobrotitsa / Dobrotici was a Bulgarian noble, ruler of the de facto independent Principality of Karvuna and the Kaliakra fortress from 1366– 1386. In 1369 Dobrotitsa and Vladislav I of Wallachia helped Ivan Aleksander retake the town of Vidin from the Hungarians. In return, the emperor, needful of supporters, gave Dobrotitsa control of several coastal cities, including Varna. There, Dobrotitsa constructed a fleet, which he used to patrol the Black Sea. Although it was small, this fleet was very effective, and engaged the Genoese and Ottoman fleets successfully as far as Trebizond. At Dobrotitsa’s death, he was briefly succeeded by his son, Ivanko Terter (1386–1387).

235


894 895 894. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Ivanko Terter(?). Despotes in Karvuna, 1386-1387. Æ Trachy (20mm, 1.31 g, 6h). Uncertain mint. +ДЄС/ПО in two lines; T to lower left, (OY) to lower right, four pellets in central field / Iω above T; four pellets to either side. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.16.1-2 (R9); Youroukova & Penchev 142; D&D 12.1.1. VF, brown patina. Very rare. ($150) Traditionally attributed to the Despot of Karvuna Dobrotitsa. See Dochev pp. 274-81 for the tentative reattribution of this type to his son Ivanko Terter, who briefly succeeding Dobrotitsa.

895. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Ivanko Terter(?). Despotes in Karvuna, 1386-1387. Æ Trachy (20mm, 1.93 g, 12h). Uncertain mint. + ДЄС/Т/ПO in three lines; pellets around / Iω and [star] above T; – above, pellets around. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.16.3-4 (R9); Youroukova & Penchev 143; D&D –. VF, brown surfaces, light roughness. Very rare. ($150)

896 897 896. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Ivanko Terter. Despotes in Karvuna, 1386-1387. Æ Trachy (20mm, 1.52 g, 6h). Uncertain mint. Terter monogram / Double-headed eagle with outstretched wings. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.16.9 (R8); Youroukova & Penchev 147; D&D 13.2.1. Near VF, green-brown patina, some minor roughness, edge chip. Very rare. ($200) 897. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Ivanko Terter. Despotes in Karvuna, 1386-1387. Æ Trachy (18mm, 0.91  g, 12h). Uncertain mint. Terter monogram; c/m: head right / Double-headed eagle with outstretched wings; c/m: star and crescent. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.16.10 (R8); Youroukova & Penchev 150; D&D 13.2.1. Near VF, green-brown surfaces. Very rare. ($150)

899 898 898. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Ivanko Terter. Despotes in Karvuna, 1386-1387. Æ Trachy (19mm, 0.77 g, 4h). Uncertain mint. Terter monogram / Double-headed eagle with outstretched wings; c/m: head right. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.16.10 (R8); cf. Youroukova & Penchev 148-50; D&D 13.2.1. VF, green-brown patina, flan crack. Very rare. ($150) 899. BULGARIA. Anonymous imitative issues. Late 11th-early 12th centuries. Æ “Follis” (21mm, 2.43  g, 6h). Imitating a Byzantine issue struck under Nicephorus III (1078-1081). Facing bust of Christ, holding Gospels / Latin cross with central X, set on floral scroll; crescents in upper quarters. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.0.6 (R8); Youroukova & Penchev 152. Near VF, green patina. Rare. ($100)

900 901 900. BULGARIA. Anonymous imitative issues. Late 12th-early 13th century. BI Trachy (25mm, 2.47 g, 6h). Imitating a Byzantine issue of Isaac II Angelus (1185-1195, 1203-1204). The Virgin Mary enthroned facing, holding head of Christ Child before chest / Emperor standing facing, holding cross-tipped scepter and akakia. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.1.3; Youroukova & Penchev 157; DOC Type B, 2. VF. ($150) 901. BULGARIA, Second Empire. Anonymous imitative issues. Circa 14th century. AR Groš (20mm, 1.39  g, 6h). Imitating a Venetian grosso. Christ enthroned facing, holding Gospels / Doge and St. Mark standing facing, holding banner between them. Cf. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.17.1; Youroukova & Penchev 160. VF, lightly toned. Rare. ($200) 236


902. CARRIBEAN TERRITORIES, Dutch West Indies. Republiek der Zeven Verenigde Nederlanden (Dutch Republic). 1581-1795. AR Kwart gulden (21mm, 11h). Utrecht mint. Dated 1794. Minerva standing facing, head right, holding cap on long pole and resting arm on book set on plinth / Crowned coat-of-arms; W below. Scholten 1355; KM 2. In PCGS encapsulation, 628914397, graded MS 63. Rare. ($300) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

903. CHILE, Republic. 1818-present. AV 8 Escudos (34.5mm, 26.97 g, 6h). Santiago mint. Dated July 1851 So LA. Plumed coat-of-arms with griffin supporters / Liberty standing facing, head right, resting arm on book set on plinth to left, fasces and cornucopia to right. KM 105; Friedberg 41. EF, underlying luster, scattered marks and dings. ($1500) From the D. Massey Collection.

904. CHINA, Qīng dynasty. Mih-Ho-Loong Fire Brigade. Founded 1866. AR Medal (32mm, 14.05 g). Long service medal. By Ortner & Houle. Issued before 1904. MIH-HO-LOONG SHANGHAI, coat-of-arms surmounted by dragon left; below, ribon reading SAY THE WORD AND DOWN COMES YOUR HOUSE / Blank. Medal Year Book 364. EF, toned, lacking the original black and red ribbon. Very rare. ($1000) The Mih-Ho-Loong Fire Brigade was founded in 1866 as a private fire brigade serving the cosmopolitan city of Shanghai. It was apparently composed primarily of Westerners, with some native Chinese laborers. Following the Tientsin Massacre in 1870, the company petitioned to be organized as a military unit, and the parallel Mih-Ho-Loong Rifles was formed shortly thereafter. The later persisted through the Xinhai Revolution and into the 1930s. As with many Western organizations in Shanghai at the time, the Mih-Ho-Loong Fire Brigade also served an important social function: “The first ball we attended in Shanghai was the prettiest I have ever been to. It was given by the Mih-Ho-Loongs – the Hook-and-Ladder Company of the Shanghai Volunteer Fire Brigade. ‘Say the word and down comes your house’ is their motto, and at their annual ball they dance in their uniforms of scarlet and black, girt with leather. It is always considered one of the best balls of the season...” (Helen F.M. Lewis, “A Shanghai Season,” in Canadian Magazine, XXI.1 [May 1903], p. 8)

905. COLOMBIA, Estados Unidos de Colombia. 1863-1886. AV Peso (12mm, 6h). Bogota mint. Dated 1873. Head of Liberty left, wearing headband / Condor standing left, wings spread, head right. KM 157.2; Friedberg 109. In NGC encapsulation, 3748138-002, graded MS 65. ($200) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

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Five Exceptional French Gold Essais

906. FRANCE, Royal (Restored). Louis Philippe. 1830-1848. AV Essai de 10 Francs (16.5mm, 6h). Paris mint. Dies by Domard. Dated 1830. Laureate bust left / Denomination within wreath. Guilloteau 2759; Mazard 1083; KM –. In NGC encapsulation, 3748108-002, graded PF 63 Ultra Cameo. Rare. ($5000) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection, purchased from Wade Hinderling.

Le Concours Monétaire

907. FRANCE, Deuxième République. 1848-1852. AV Essai de 20 Francs (19mm, 6h). Paris mint. Dies by Leclerc. Dated 1848. Laureate female head right / Denomination within wreath with pomegranate at base. Guilloteau 3027; Mazard 1254; KM –. In NGC encapsulation, 3748108-003, graded PF 65 Ultra Cameo. ($5000) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection, purchased from Wade Hinderling. With the foundation of the second Republic in 1848 came a need for new, Republican currency. The government invited a number of artists to submit designs for the new coinage. Numerous patterns were struck with types displaying a number of skilled portraits, making this an exciting area for the modern collector to explore.

908 909 908. FRANCE, Deuxième République. 1848-1852. AV Essai de 20 Francs (19mm, 6h). Paris mint. Dies by Marrel. Dated 1848. Laureate female head right / Denomination within wreath. Guilloteau 3030; Mazard 1257; KM –. In NGC encapsulation, 3748108-004, graded PF 66 Ultra Cameo. ($7500) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection, purchased from Wade Hinderling.

909. FRANCE, Deuxième République. 1848-1852. AV Essai de 20 Francs (19mm, 6h). Paris mint. Dies by Rogat. Dated 1848. Laureate female head right, wearing coronet / Denomination within wreath. Guilloteau 3036; Mazard 1262; KM –. In NGC encapsulation, 3748108-005, graded PF 65 Ultra Cameo. ($5000) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection, purchased from Wade Hinderling.

238


910. FRANCE, Deuxième République. 1848-1852. AV Essai de 20 Francs (19mm, 6h). Paris mint. Dies by Tournier. Dated 1848. Laureate female head right, with flowing hair / Denomination within wreath. Guilloteau 3037; Mazard 1263; KM –. In NGC encapsulation, 3748108-006, graded MS 65. ($5000) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

Awarded to Doulton & Co (Ltd)

911. FRANCE, Troisième République. 1870-1940. AV Medal (36.5mm, 26.12 g, 12h). Prize Awarded to MM. Doulton et Cie for Céramique Vernissée (Glazed Pottery). By Alfred Borrel (1836-1927). Dated 1897. HORTORVM CVLTVRA, Horticulture, nude but for drapery around waist, standing slightly left and leaning on herm and holding wreath in each hand; vegetation to left at feet; herm surmounted by head of Pan and base entwined with grape vine; spade leaning against herm; A · BORREL in exergue / Ⴛ SOCIÉTÉ NATIONALE D’HORTICULTURE DE FRANCE, MM./DOULTON et Cie/(spacer)/ CÉRAMIQUE/VERNISSÉE/(spacer)1897 engraved in seven lines. Edge: cornucopia and OR. Forrer I 107. EF, light toning on reverse. Comes with original case of issue. ($1000)

912. FRANCE, Provincial. Avignon (évéché). Cour épiscopale d’Avignon (Episcopal Curia of Avignon). Late 14th century. PB Seal – Bulla (45mm, 68.64 g, 12h). / B⎍ǭǭª ᚩ EPƱSýɭPƱ ᚩ ª⎍ƱNƱɭNEN Ḧ ᚩ, half-length figure of bishop facing, holding crozier and raising hand in benediction / ᚩ B⎍ǭǭª ᚩ EPƱSýɭPƱ ᚩ ª⎍ƱNƱɭNEN= ᚩ, mitre. L. Blancard, Iconographie des sceaux et bulles des archives des Bouches-du-Rhône (Paris 1860), p. 149, 6 (pl. 44, 1). VF. Extremely rare. ($1000) 239


913. FRANCE, Provincial. Maguelone (évéché). Jean II de Montlaur. 1232/1234-1247. PB Seal (44mm, 57.93 g, 12h). ๘ S / ዢɸƌዢS Ḧ ĕ= ɩɸͿ⌦²⎍ʼɸ ዦ²g⌦ɀ ĚPዢ Ḧ ዢዢ, half-length figure of Jean facing, holding croizer and raising hand in benediction / ๘ æɸዢͿዢS ɩĚ⌦ g Ὣ ɩɸͿዢSōĚʼʼ, cathedral of Saint-Pierre de Maguelone held by a hand right, two keys below. Blancard, L, Iconographie des sceaux et bulles des archives des Bouches-du-Rhône (Paris 1860), p. 200, 2 (pl. 51, 1); CSFMA I –. VF, some roughness. Extremely rare. ($1000)

FRANCE, Provincial. Provence (comté). Robert I d’Anjou. 1309-1343. PB Seal (40mm, 40.62 g, 11h). ๘ ˆɭBͿƩ / dģƩ Żˆª Ʃģ[ˆ⌦⍴ ģͿ]SƩæƩ⌦ ˆģŻ, coat-of-arms of Provence-Sicily; Ḧ B Ḧ / ๘ æɭ⍴ƩͿƩS P⎍Ʃæģ ģͿ ōɭˆæª⌦ʠƌƩƩ / ĕNƩ ª⎍[ƩN], coat-of-arms of Aragon. Cf. Blancard, L, Iconographie des sceaux et bulles des archives des Bouches-du-Rhône (Paris 914.

1860), p. 28, 19 (pl. 9, 4); CSFMA I –. VF, slighty split where string was attached, minor marks. Very rare. ($500)

FRANCE, Provincial. Provence (comté). Charles II d’Anjou. 1285-1309. PB Seal (44mm, 40.81 g, 12h). ๘ S= k / æɭዦƩͿ Ḧ P⎍Ʃnæ ģͿ ōɭˆæ Ḧ ģͿ ĕnƩ Ḧ ²⎍ƩnƩɭN, coat-of-arms of Provence-Sicily / ๘ S= k / æɭዦƩͿ Ḧ P⎍ƩɃæ Ḧ ģͿ ōɭˆ / ģͿ ĕɃƩ Ḧ ²⎍ƩnƩɭ, coat-of-arms of Aragon. Cf. Blancard, L, Iconographie des sceaux et bulles des archives des Bouches915.

du-Rhône (Paris 1860), p. 24, 13 (pl. 8, 2). VF, some roughness. Very rare. 240

($500)


916. GERMANY, Augsburg (Freie Reichsstadt). nomine Karl VI, Holy Roman Emperor. 1711-1740. AR Doppeltaler (46mm, 58.52 g, 12h). Dated 1740 IT. Turreted coat-of-arms within ornate frame decorated with palm fronds and olive branches; river gods Weratch and Singold reclining to either side, one with attendant / Crowned double-headed eagle facing, holding globus cruciger, sword, and scepter. Forster 519; Davenport 1920; KM 146. EF, toned. ($5000) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection, purchased from Wade Hinderling.

917. GERMANY, Brandenburg-Franken (Markgrafschaft). Friedrich II der Ältere (the Elder). 1495-1515. AV Goldgulden (22mm, 3.23 g, 12h). Schwabach mint. Dated 1509. St. John standing facing, head lowered right, holding Gospels surmounted by agnus Dei standing left, head right / Cross fleurée; coats-of-arms in quarters. Von Schrötter 512; Friedberg 306. In PCGS encapsulation, 34903140, graded AU 53. ($400) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

918. GERMANY, Braunschweig-Calenberg-Hannover (Kurfürstentum und Herzogtum). temp. Georg II. King of Great Britain, 1727-1760. AV Pfennig Abschlag (18mm, 10h). Zellerfeld mint. Dated 1732 IBH. Wildman standing facing, holding tree / Denomination and date. Cf. Smith 190; cf. Welter 2650 (for regular issue); KM Pn7. In NGC encapsulation, 2039228-009, graded MS 62. ($1500) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

241


919. GERMANY, Braunschweig-Calenberg-Hannover (Kurfürstentum und Herzogtum). temp. Georg III. King of Great Britain, 1760-1840. CU Münzmeisterpfennig – Mint master’s pfennig (29mm, 4.4 g, 6h). Clausthal mint; Johann Wilhelm Schlemm, mintmaster? Struck circa 1753-1790. OMNIA CUM PONDERE NUMERO ET MENSURA, Aequitas standing left, holding scales and overflowing cornucopia / FORTUNA VARIABILIS, Fortuna standing right, head left, on globe, with billowing cloth; in background, ship under sail left. Cf. Knyphausen 7193-7213. In NGC encapsulation, 1911690017, graded MS 64 RB. ($200) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

920. GERMANY, Braunschweig-Lüneburg-Celle (Herzogtum). Christian Ludwig. 1648-1665. AR 3 Taler (70mm, 10h). Clausthal mint; Heinrich Bonhorst, mint master. Dated 1648 HB. Christian Ludwig on horse rearing right, holding reigns and baton / Coat-of-arms surmounted by five ornately plumed helmets. Welter 1474; Davenport 146; KM 195. In NGC encapsulation, 3704138-001, graded AU 58. Toned. ($3000) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

921. GERMANY, Braunschweig-Lüneburg-Celle (Herzogtum). Christian Ludwig. 1648-1665. AR 3 Taler (70mm, 7h). Clausthal mint; Heinrich Bonhorst, mint master. Dated 1648 HB. Christian Ludwig on horse rearing right, holding reigns and baton; 3 stamped below / Coat-of-arms surmounted by five ornately plumed helmets. Welter 1474; Davenport 146a; KM 195. In NGC encapsulation, 3704138-002, graded VF 35. Toned. ($3000) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

242


922. GERMANY, Braunschweig-LĂźneburg-Celle (Herzogtum). Christian Ludwig. 1648-1665. AR 3 Taler (76mm, 11h). Clausthal mint; mm: crossed hooks; Lippold Weber, mint master. Dated 1650 LW. Crowned CL monogram within laurel wreath surrounded by 14 crowned coats of arms set on oak wreath; 3 stamped below / Horse leaping left; above, arm holding laurel wreath reaching from the clouds; in background, scene of Clausthal countryside; below, mining scene. Welter 1479; Davenport 150; KM 221.1. In NGC encapsulation, 3748184-003, graded MS 62. Toned. ($3000) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

923. GERMANY, Braunschweig-LĂźneburg-Celle (Herzogtum). Christian Ludwig. 1648-1665. AR 3 Taler (70mm, 11h). Clausthal mint; mm: crossed hooks; Lippold Weber, mint master. Dated 1657 LW. Crowned CL monogram within laurel wreath surrounded by 14 crowned coats of arms set on oak wreath; 3 stamped below / Horse leaping left, head right, monogram on flank; above, arm holding laurel wreath reaching from the clouds; in background, scene of Clausthal countryside; below, mining scene. Welter 1487; Davenport 161; KM 243. In NGC encapsulation, 3704138-004, graded AU 58. Toned. ($3000) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

243


924. GERMANY, Braunschweig-Lüneburg-Celle (Herzogtum). Christian Ludwig. 1648-1665. AR 4 Taler (71mm, 8h). Clausthal mint; mm: crossed hooks; Lippold Weber, mint master. Dated 1663 LW. Crowned CL monogram within laurel wreath surrounded by 14 crowned coats of arms set on oak wreath; 4 stamped below / Horse leaping left, monogram on flank; above, arm holding laurel wreath reaching from the clouds; in background, scene of Clausthal countryside; below, mining scene. Welter –; Davenport 176; KM 223.4. In NGC encapsulation, 4212835-001, graded MS 63. Toned. ($5000) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

925. GERMANY, Braunschweig-Lüneburg-Celle (Herzogtum). Christian Ludwig. 1648-1665. AR 3 Taler (71mm, 12h). Clausthal mint; mm: crossed hooks; Lippold Weber, mint master. Dated 1664 LW. Crowned CL monogram within laurel wreath surrounded by 14 crowned coats of arms set on oak wreath; 3 stamped below / Horse leaping left, monogram on flank; above, arm holding laurel wreath reaching from the clouds; in background, scene of Clausthal countryside; below, mining scene. Welter 1496; Davenport 188; KM 222.5. In NGC encapsulation, 3704138-003, graded MS 62. Toned. ($3000) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

244


926. GERMANY, Braunschweig-Lüneburg-Calenburg (Herzogtum). Ernst August I. 1679-1698. AR 2 Taler (64mm, 12h). Zellerfeld mint; Rudolf Bornemann, mintmaster. Dated 1680 RB. Draped and cuirassed bust right; 2 stamped below / Ship under sail right, rocky outcropping to right, palm tree and wheel on shore; above, radiant sun flanked by clouds, with hand emerging from left cloud, holding ribbon attached to wheel on shore. Welter 1920; Davenport 233; KM A269. In NGC encapsulation, 3748184-002, graded AU 58. Toned. ($2000) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

927. GERMANY, Braunschweig-Lüneburg-Calenburg (Herzogtum). Ernst August I. 1679-1698. AR 1.5 Taler (64mm, 12h). Zellerfeld mint; Rudolf Bornemann, mintmaster. Dated 1681 RB. Crowned EA monogram within laurel wreath surrounded by 15 crowned coats of arms set on oak wreath; sword and croizer in background; 1½ stamped below / Horse leaping left; above, arm holding laurel wreath reaching from the clouds; in background, countryside scene; below, mining scene. Welter 1925; Davenport 240; KM 281.1. In NGC encapsulation, 4192045-008, graded AU 55. Toned. ($1500) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

245


928. GERMANY, Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (Herzogtum). Friedrich Ulrich. 1613-1634. AR 3 Taler (84mm, 87.0 g, 12h). Goslar mint; Heinrich Schlüter, mintmaster. Dated 1624 HS. Friedrich Ulrich on horse right, holding reigns and baton / Coat-of-arms with leonine supporters, surmounted by five elaborately plumed helms. Welter 1027; Davenport 51a; KM 348. Good VF, toned, a few small flan cracks. ($5000) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

929. GERMANY, Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (Herzogtum). August der Jüngere (the Younger). 1635-1666. AR 1.5 Taler (63mm, 12h). Zellerfeld mint; Henning Schlüter, mintmaster. Dated 1664 HS. August on horse rearing right, holding reigns and baton; 1½ stamped below / Coat-of-arms surmounted by five elaborately plumed helmets. Welter 772; Davenport 77; KM 450.4. In NGC encapsulation, 4192045-005, graded AU 55. Toned. ($1500) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

246


930. GERMANY, Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (Herzogtum). Rudolf August. 1666-1704. AR 3 Taler (72mm, 12h). Zellerfeld mint; Rudolf Bornemann, mintmaster. Dated 1685 RB. Coat-of-arms surmounted by five elaborately plumed coatsof-arms / Fortuna, head right, playing lute and standing on snail with one foot; in background, city view of Lautenthal, mountain mine works to right; in sky, radiant sun to left, radiant name of God in Hebrew to right. Welter 1834 ; Davenport 111b; KM 564. In NGC encapsulation, 4212835-003, graded AU 55. Toned. ($3000) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection. Lautenthal, a town in the Harz Mountains of modern central Germany, was the site of a famous silver mine called “Lautenthal’s Luck.” The town was founded in 1538 when iron ore was discovered in the area. After further exploration, the town developed into a successful silver mining operation. These multiple talers, which depict Lautenthal and its mine works in careful detail, reveal the mine’s importance to the dukes of Brunswick as a source of great wealth. The young woman on the reverse, standing before a mountain valley scene, is likely an allegorical depiction of the goddess Fortuna. She plays a lute (“Laute” in German) in her role as the personification of the town of Lautenthal. The dukes of Brunswick probably minted these large coins to serve as an emergency fund when Lautenthal’s rate of production was very high. Landowners in the duchy were required to purchase the talers according to their means. If the duke needed funding for a war or other emergency, he could ask for the coins to be returned. In exchange, the landowners would receive coins of lower silver purity.

931. GERMANY, Braunschweig-Calenberg-Hannover (Kurfürstentum und Herzogtum). Georg I Ludwig. 17081714. AR Taler (46mm, 29.11 g, 3h). Zellerfeld mint. Dated 1710 RB. Coat-of-arms surmounted by Elector’s cap / Wild man standing facing, head left, holding tree. Welter 2143; Davenport 2065; KM 35. Good VF, toned, edge marks. ($300) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

247


932. GERMANY, Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (Herzogtum). August Wilhelm. 1714-1731. AR Taler (45mm, 29.12 g, 5h). Zellerfeld mint. Dated 1725 EPH. Coat-of-arms surmounted by five elaborately plumed helmets / Wild man standing right, head left, holding tree. Welter 2376; Davenport 2126; KM 739. Good VF, lightly toned, underlying luster. ($300) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

933. GERMANY, Harz. AR Doppeltauftaler – Baptismal 2 Taler (61mm, 11h). Zellerfeld mint. Struck after 1680. St. John the Baptist kneeling left, baptizing Jesus Christ standing right in River Jordan, hands crossed over breast; to left, two angels kneeling right beneath tree; above, dove of the Holy Spirit and radiate name of God / Biblical passages in ten lines; 2 stamped below. Knyphausen 7295; Fassbender 2828. In NGC encapsulation, 4192045-003, graded AU 58. Toned. ($1500) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

934. GERMANY, Harz. AR Tauftaler – Baptismal Taler (50mm, 1h). Zellerfeld mint; Rudolf Bornemann, mintmaster. Dated 1701 RB. St. John the Baptist kneeling right, baptizing Jesus Christ standing facing in River Jordan, hands crossed over breast; dove of the Holy Spirit and radiate name of God above / Biblical passages in ten lines. Davenport 2935; Katsouros 3; Fassbender 2793. In NGC encapsulation, 4192045-002, graded MS 62. Toned. ($500) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

248


935. GERMANY, Harz. AR Tauftaler – Baptismal Taler (50mm, 1h). Zellerfeld mint; Heinrich Horst, mintmaster. Dated 1711 HH/RB. St. John the Baptist kneeling right, baptizing Jesus Christ standing facing in River Jordan, hands crossed over breast; dove of the Holy Spirit and radiate name of God above / Biblical passages in ten lines. Davenport 2935; Katsouros 8; Fassbender 2799. In NGC encapsulation, 4228653-003, graded AU 58. Toned. ($500) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

936. GERMANY, Lüneburg (Stadt). AR Taler (41mm, 28.74 g, 11h). Dated 1548. View of city walls / Face right in crescent moon. Davenport 9419. Good VF, toned, some marks on edge. ($750) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

937. GERMANY, Münster (Stadt). AR Medal (59mm, 36.32 g, 12h). The Treaty of Münster and the Peace of Westphalia. By E. Ketteler. Dated 1648 in Roman numerals. (flower) ET · IVNCTI · CVRRVM · DOMINÆ · SVBIERE · LEONES (alas, the lions joined together have come under the Lord’s chariot) (star stops), Peace, holding reins, winged caduceus, and cornucopia, driving triumphal biga of crowned lions right, one holding bundle of arrows in raised forepaw, the other holding a scepter; around, military and musical instruments cast aside; in two lines to right, PAX/HIS PANO BATAVA (the Hispano-Batavian peace) / PACIS · FŒLICITAS/ORBI : CHRISTANO : QVA RESTITVTA/QVA · AD ·INCITAMENTVM · DEMONSRATA/TOT · REGNIS · ET · PROVINCIIS/AD · VTRVMQVE · SOLEM · VTRVMQ3 · OCEANVM/TERRA · MARIQVE · PARTA · SECVRITAS/TRANQVILLITATIS · PVBLICÆ/SPE · ET · VOTO/MONASTERY · WESTPHA/ ANNO · MDCXLVIII (the happiness of peace unto the Christian world, however devised or accomplished by such kingdoms and provinces, either alone or by ocean, land, or sea, is the security of public harmony, for which we hope and vow here in the monastery of Westphalia in the year 1648) in ten lines. Schulman, Pax 96. In NGC encapsulation, 4212891-002, graded MS 63. ($750) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group Inventory 911987 (January 2012).

249


938. GERMANY, Nürnberg (Stadt). AV 2 Dukat (28mm, 6.98 g, 12h). Commemorating the New Century. Dated 1700 GFN (in chronogram). Three coat-of-arms in cartouches; above, dove standing left with olive branch in beak / Agnus Dei standing left on globe, cradling banner inscribed PAX with hoof. Kellner 51; KM 259; Friedberg 1882. Superb EF, proof-like surfaces. ($3000) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

939. GERMANY, Preußen (Königreich). Friedrich II der Große (the Great). 1740-1786. AV 6 Dukat Medal (38mm, 20.72 g, 12h). 50th Anniversary of the Protestant Church in Hirschberg, Lower Silesia. Dated 1759. Three churches on hillside, labelled WIEDERWIESE, HARPERSDORFF, and PROBSTHAIN, with two streams of parishioners proceeding to them from village to lower right; above, banner reading ACH GOTT WIE WEIT / View of the church in Hirschberg; above, banner reading GOTTLOBWIE NAH; in exergue, HIRSCHBERGISCHES 50 :/ LÄHRIGES EVANGELI :/ KIRCHEN IUBILÄUM. 1759. Friedensburg & Seger 4408. EF, light marks on edge. ($5000) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection. Ex Künker 285 (2 February 2017), lot 235; reportedly ex Rumpf Collection (A. Hess, 27 January 1910), lot 735.

250


940. GERMANY, Regensburg (Freie und Reichsstädte). nomine Josef II, Holy Roman Emperor, 1765-1790. AR Halbtaler (35mm, 14.02 g, 12h). Dated 1782 GCB. View of Regensburg / Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust of Josef II right. KM 444. From NGC encapsulation, with ticket 1911699-015, graded MS 63 PL. ($300) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

941. GERMANY, Sachsen-Albertinische Linie (Kurfünstentum). Johann Georg II. 1656-1680. AR Doppeltaler (60mm, 1h). Vicariat issue. Dresden mint; mm: acorn; Constantine Rothe, mintmaster. Dated 1657. Johann Georg on horseback right, holding sword over shoulder and reigns; coat-of-arms below / Legend in twelve lines. Clauss & Kahnt 489; Davenport 7629; KM 460. In NGC encapsulation, 4212835-004, graded AU 58. Toned. ($2000) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

251


942. GERMANY, Sachsen-Albertinische Linie (Kurfünstentum). Johann Georg II. 1656-1680. AR Klippe Taler (45x45mm, 12h). Commemorating the marriage of Erdmuthe Sophie to Christian Ernst. Dresden mint. Dated 1662. Hands emerging from clouds crowning with wreath a monument decorated with two coats-of-arms, joined by hanging garlands to two garlanded pillars on either side, one surmounted by a pair of wings, the other a pair of doves; radiate name of God above; ornate coats-of-arms in corners / Legend in nine lines; ornate coats-of-arms in corners. Clauss & Kahnt 511; Davenport 7631; KM 500. In NGC encapsulation, 4192045-001, graded AU 58. Toned. ($750) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

943 944 943. GERMANY, Sachsen-Albertinische Linie (Kurfürstentum und Herzogtum). Friedrich August III. 1763-1806. AR Heller Abschlag (16mm, 12h). Dresden mint. Dated 1780 C. Coat-of-arms within wreath, surmounted by Elector’s cap / Denomination and date. Schön 227; KM Pn50. In NGC encapsulation, 1911601-015, graded PF 64. Toned. ($300) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

944. GERMANY, Sachsen-Albertinische Linie (Kurfürstentum und Herzogtum). Friedrich August III. 1763-1806. AR Pfennig Abschlag (18.5mm, 12h). Dresden mint. Dated 1782 C. Coat-of-arms within wreath, surmounted by Elector’s cap / Denomination and date. Schön 228; KM Pn53. In NGC encapsulation, 1911601-008, graded PF 64. Toned. ($300) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

945 946 945. GERMANY, Sachsen-Albertinische Linie (Kurfürstentum und Herzogtum). Friedrich August III. 17631806. CU Pfennig (18mm, 12h). Dresden mint. Dated 1782 C. Coat-of-arms within wreath, surmounted by Elector’s cap / Denomination and date. Schön 228; KM 1000. In NGC encapsulation, 3748120-015, graded MS 65 BN. ($200) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

946. GERMANY, Sachsen-Albertinische Linie (Kurfürstentum und Herzogtum). Friedrich August III. 1763-1806. AR Pfennig Abschlag (18.5mm, 12h). Dresden mint. Dated 1785 C. Coat-of-arms within wreath, surmounted by Elector’s cap / Denomination and date. Schön 228; KM Pn56. In NGC encapsulation, 1911601-009, graded PF 66. Toned. ($300) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

252


947. GERMANY, Sachsen-Neu-Gotha (Herzogtum). Ernst der Fromme (the Pious). 1640-1675. AR Taler (43mm, 28.11 g, 12h). On the Catechism. Gotha mint. Dated 1668 JGF. Symbol of the Trinity within three lines, from which radiate the qualities of God on rays; eyes of providence below / Catechism in ten lines. Davenport 7447; KM 23. EF, toned, a few minor edge marks. ($1000) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection, purchased from Emporium Hamburg.

948. GERMANY, Sachsen-Gotha-Altenburg (Herzogtum). Friedrich I. 1675-1691. AR 1½ Taler (60mm, 12h). Commemorating his admission into the Pegnitz-Schäfer Order. Gotha mint; Johann Gottfried Wichmannshausen, mintmaster, and Johann Georg Sorberger, engraver. Struck 1683-1688. Figure standing right, affixing coat-of-arms to tree; woodland creatures around; IGS below / In/ Memoriam/ Sempiter/nam in four lines in script; IG (hook) W below. Schnee 472; cf. KM 21; cf. Davenport 423. In NGC encapsulation, 4192045-004, graded XF 45. Toned. ($1500) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

253


949. GERMANY, Sachsen-Weimar (Herzogtum). Wilhelm IV. 1640-1662. AR Halbtaler (43mm, 14.33 g, 12h). Commemorating the Assumption of the Rectorship of Jena University by Bernhard von Sachsen-Weimar. Weimar mint. Dually dated 1554 and 28 February 1654. Bust of Johann Friedrich I facing slightly right, wearing Elector’s cap and holding sword over shoulder; two coats-of-arms flanking head; legend in two W-based heart-shapes around, with crown above / Jugate capped busts of Wilhem IV and Bernhard right; two coats-of-arms flanking head; legend in two W-based heart-shapes around, with crown above. Koppe 321; cf. Davenport 7545 (for full Taler); cf. KM 34 (same). Good VF, deeply toned with some uneven patches. Very rare – no Halbtaler examples on CoinArchives, only ten of the Taler. Described by Koppe as an abschlag. ($1000) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

950. GERMANY. AR Medal (50mm, 59.08 g, 12h). Desire for Peace. By Samuel Kirchner, after Sebastian Dadler. Dated 1631 KS. GOTT GEBE FRIED IM GANTZEN :AND/ ERHALTE IEHR WEHR VND NEHR STAN D, Pax, holding sword and olive branch, and Industry, holding shovel and beehive, facing one another; above, radiant dove over IVDMIÆ; in exergue, MDCXXXI/ ~ K S ~ / IN IESV PAX ET CONCORDIA, radiant youthful Christ seated facing, holding globus cruciger and raising hand in benediction, within arched cloud decorated with cherubs. Maué 13 and note (for 1628 original by Dadler); Elsen 96, lot 2039 = Künker 115, lot 3241 (same dies). See also Forrer III, p. 161-2 (for Kirchner’s signature KS). Good VF, toned, edge bumps. Extremely rare. ($500) Maué notes a medal of identical types dated 1631, but produced by Johann Kittel. Presumably, this refers to the present type, but as Kittel was born in 1656, he could not have been the engraver. We retain the suggestion proposed by Elsen of Samuel Kirchner.

254


951. HUNGARY, Holy Roman Empire. Magyar Királyság (Kingdom of Hungary). Rudolf. 1576-1608. AR Taler (36.5mm, 28.66 g, 12h). Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz) mint. Dated 1588 KB. Armored bust right, wearing ruff; coat-of-arms to left, Madonna holding infant Christ in clouds to right / Crowned double-headed eagle facing slightly right, wings spread, globus cruciger on breast; sword to left, scepter to right. Huszár 1030; Davenport 8066. Good VF, toned, a few marks on edge. ($500)

952. INDIA, Medieval. Kashmir. Harshadeva. 1089-1101. AR Dinnar (15mm, 3.09 g, 6h). Man, wearing angular headdress and holding spear, on horseback right; Śrī Harṣadeva in Śāradā script above / Goddess seated facing on lotus, holding lotus and vase. Cribb & Mobin 3 (A3/a3). Good VF. ($300)

953. INDIA, Islamic Sultanates. Delhi. Ghiyath al-Din Balban. AH 664-686 / AD 1266-1287. AV Tanka (32mm, 11.00 g, 6h). Name and titles of Ghiyath al-Din Balban / al-imam legend; caliph al-Must‘asim. CIS D155; Rajgor Type 942. Near EF. ($500) From the David Nelson Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 73 (13 September 2006), lot 1165.

954

955

954. INDIA, Islamic Sultanates. Delhi. Mubarak Shah. AH 824-837 / AD 1421-1434. AR Tanka (22mm, 11.28 g, 2h). Dated AH 837 (AD 1433/4). al-sultan legend / fi zaman legend. CIS D654 (date unlisted); Rajgor Type 1407 (same). VF, toned, areas of flat strike. Very rare. ($500)

Very Rare Babur Mithqal 955. INDIA, Mughal Empire. Zahir al-Din Muhammad Babur. AH 932-937 / AD 1526-1530. AR Mithqal (25.5mm, 4.67 g, 9h). Urdu mint. Kalima within ornate circular frame; titles of Rashidun in outer margin / Name and titles of Babur in three bands across field, each separated by a knotted borderline; mint formula to lower left. Rahman 117.03 (same dies). VF, toned, areas of weak strike, a couple of shroff marks on obverse, trace of mount. ($1000) 255


956. INDIA, Mughal Empire. Nasir al-Din Muhammad Humayun. AH 937-963 / AD 1530-1556. AR Rupee (24mm, 11.32 g, 6h). Bangala mint. Dated AH [94]5 (AD 1538/9). Shahada in circular linear border; oaths of Rashidun in outer margins / Name and title of Humayun in ornate cartouche fram; continuaton of legend, mint formula, and partial AH date in outer margin. CIS B951; Album 2463R; Horizon I, lot 29 (same rev. die). Good VF. ($750)

Constellation of Karkata/Kalakang Cancer the Crab

957. INDIA, Mughal Empire. Nur al-Din Muhammad Jahangir. AH 1014-1037 / AD 1605-1627. AR Rupee (22mm, 11.23 g, 12h). Zodiac Type, Class A. Ahmadabad mint. Dated AH 1027 and RY 13 (29 December AD 1617-14/23 October AD 1618). Constellation of Karkata/Kalakang (Cancer the Crab): crab, seen from above; radiate sun behind; stars flanking lower legs; sanat 13 (regnal year 13) in Persian in exergue / Persian couplet citing Jahangir and his father Akbar, and mint; AH date to lower left. Liddle Type S-184; BM 370-1; Wright 633; Hull 1475; SACPM (KM) 150.10 (this coin illustrated). Fine, toned. ($1000)

958. INDIA, Mughal Empire. Muhammad Shah. AH 1131-1161/AD 1719-1720 and 1720-1748. AV Mohur (20mm, 10.89 g, 3h). Dar al-Khalifat Shahjahanabad mint. Dually dated AH 115[2?] and RY 21 (27/29 September AD 1739 – 26/28 September AD 1740). Couplet with titles of Muhammad Shah; title “sahib qiran sani” in legend; AH date in field / Regnal legend with RY date and mint name. Wright 1848; Hull 2052-2053 var. (RY date); KM 437.4. Superb EF, minor traces of deposits. ($750) From the David Nelson Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 73 (13 September 2006), lot 1182.

959.

No Lot. 256


The Lord Delivered Me...

960. ITALY, Ferrara (ducato). Alfonso I d’Este. 1505-1534. AR Mezzo lira (28mm, 5.97 g, 12h). Dies by Giannantinio da Foligno. Struck 1522. (leaf) ΛLFONSVS · DVX · FERRΛRIΛ, armored bust left / · (leaf) · DE · MΛNV · LEONIS · (leaf), David standing left, holding lamp, with right foot on lion advancing left. Bellesia, Ferrara 15/B; MIR 277/1. EF, toned, natural flan flaw in obverse field. Very rare. ($15,000) Ex Numismatica Genevensis 6 (30 November 2010), lot 525. The reverse type and legend refer to the words spoken by David, just before his battle with Goliath: “The Lord that delivered me out of the paw of the lion, out of the paw of the bear, he will deliver me out of the hand of this Philistine.” (1 Samuel 17.37) This is a clear allusion to Alfonso’s contemporary struggles with the Medici Pope Leo X and his rejoicing after the pontiff’s death in December 1521.

961. ITALY, Firenze. Repubblica. 1189-1532. AR Fiorino nuovo – 12 Denari (19.5mm, 1.77 g, 3h). Third series. Struck 1260-1279. Lily of Florence / Bust of St. John the Baptist facing, holding cross-tipped scepter and raising hand in benediction. Bernocchi 51; MIR 41; Biaggi 783. EF, lightly toned. Well struck. ($500)

962. ITALY, Genova. The Biennial Doges. 1528-1797. AR Scudo largo (60mm, 38.29 g, 12h). Third phase. Dated 1693 ITC. The Madonna seated facing among the clouds, head upturned right, holding scepter and Holy Infant; two cherubim above, holding halo of stars / Short cross pattée, with floral scroll at each end and winged head of cherubim above floral scroll in each quarter. MIR 292/18; KM 79; Davenport 3901; Ira & Larry Goldberg, Money of the World (Atlanta, 2007), no. 112 (this coin illustrated). In NGC encapsulation, 3748184-001, graded AU 55. Toned. ($3000) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection. Ex Millenia Collection (Part II, 26 May 2008), lot 722.

257


963. ITALY, Milano (ducato). Lodovico XII di Francia. 1500-1512. AR Testone (28mm, 9.73 g, 7h). +LVDOVICVS ‘ D ‘ G ‘ FRANCORVM ‘REX ‘, bust right, wearing ornate berretto / M EDIOL AN I’ D V X, St. Ambrose on horseback right, holding whip and reins; crowned coat-of-arms below. MIR 236/1; Crippa 3/A; Duplessy 723; Ciani 997. Choice EF, underlying luster. ($10,000) Louis XII seized control of Milan early in 1499, ousting the ruling Sforzas. In 1508, under the leadership of Pope Julius II, the French joined with the Holy Roman Empire and Spain in the League of Cambrai against Venice. The alliance soon fell apart, however, due to the League’s inability to follow up their successes and the Pope’s growing distrust of the French. The Holy League was formed in 1510, an alliance of the Pope, Spain, the Holy Roman Empire, and England against Louis XII. The stunning French victory under Gaston de Foix at Ravenna in 1512 was quickly overshadowed by his death during that battle. At the same time, the Swiss invasion of Milan compelled Louis to withdraw completely from his Italian interests.

964. ITALY, Modena (ducato). Francesco I d’Este. 1629-1658. AV 4 Scudi d’oro (31mm, 12.97 g, 8h). Armored and draped bust right; G · F · M below / Madonna seated left, infant Christ before. MIR 733/4; KM (FR) 778.1; Friedberg 778. EF, underlying luster. Well struck. ($5000)

The Only English Pope

965. ITALY, Papale (Stato pontificio). Hadrian IV. 1154-1159. PB Seal – Bulla (36mm, 45.27 g, 12h). ADRI/ANVS/ PP • IIII • in three lines / Head of St. Peter and St. Paul facing slightly right and left, respectively; long cross between, S PA S PE above. Serafini 1. Good VF. Very rare. ($2000) Since no coins were issued in his name, the lead bullae of Hadrian IV are the only way to include Hadrian IV into a papal coin collection. The only Englishman elected to the throne of St. Peter, Nicholas Brekespear of St. Albans became Hadrian IV in 1154. His most famous and far-reaching papal act was the Donation of Ireland in 1156, granting Henry II of England dominion over Ireland.

258


966

967

ITALY, Papale (Stato pontificio). Clement VI. 1342-1352. PB Seal – Bulla (40mm, 44.69 g, 11h). ๘ SƱgƱǭǭ⎍ዦ ḭ ĕɭዦƱnƱ ḭ P±Pģ, head of St. Peter facing slightly left / ๘ ƱN ḭ ýɭዦƱ΀±΀⎍ ḭ ⎍ģˊ±ӎSƱNƱ, crossed keys. Serafini 13. Near VF, minor roughness. ($1000) 966.

967.

ITALY, Papale (Stato pontificio). John XXIII. Antipope, 1410-1419. PB Seal – Bulla (31mm, 54.16 g, 12h). and St. Paul facing slightly right and left, respectively; long ($1000)

/ ዢɭƌªN/NES ḧ P P ḧ/ / ҢҢዢዢዢ Ḧ in three lines / Head of St. Peter cross between, S P² S Pe above. Serafini 33-5. VF. Rare.

968 969 968. ITALY, Papale (Stato pontificio). Paul II. 1464-1471. PB Seal – Bulla (37mm, 46.64 g, 12h). Paul seated right on ornate throne, wearing miter and mantum; cardinal to each side; to right, seven faithful worshipers kneeling left / Sts. Paul, holding sword, and Peter, holding keys and Gospel book, seated facing one another on thrones, both wearing nimbus crown and robe; between, ·S/P/A/V and S·/P/E/T in two vertical lines; cruciform stand below. Serafini 172-5. Good VF. Well struck. ($1000) 969. ITALY, Papale (Stato pontificio). Urban VIII. 1623-1644. PB Seal – Bulla (38mm, 47.52 g, 12h). VR/BANVS/ · PAPA ·/ · VIII in four lines / Head of St. Peter and St. Paul facing slightly right and left, respectively; long cross between and S/P/A S/P/E between. Serafini 674-8. VF, minor scratches and marks. Rare. ($1000)

970. ITALY, Papale (Stato pontificio). Innocent XI. 1676-1689. AR Piastra (44mm, 32.02 g, 12h). Rome mint. Dated RY 2 (AD 1677/8). Bust right, wearing zucchetto, mozzetta, and mantum / Façade of St. Peter’s Basilica. Muntoni 38; Berman 2089; Davenport 4087; KM 398. EF, toned. ($2000) 259


971. ITALY, Papale (Stato pontificio). Innocent XII. 1691-1700. AR Piastra (45mm, 32.07 g, 12h). Rome mint. Dually dated 1699 and RY 8 (in Roman numerals). Bust right, wearing zucchetto, mozzetta, and mantum / The Israelites receiving manna from heaven. Muntoni 17; Berman 2226; Davenport 4108; KM 614. EF, toned. ($2500)

972. ITALY, Papale (Stato pontificio). Clement XI. 1700-1721. AR Piastra (46mm, 32.05 g, 12h). Rome mint. Dated RY 8 (AD 1705/6). Coat-of-arms surmounted by crossed keys and Papal tiara / Clement reading the homily in the Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore. Muntoni 44; Berman 2381; Davenport 1435; KM 677. EF, toned. ($3000)

973. ITALY, Papale (Stato della Città del Vaticano). John Paul II. 1978-2005. AV Medal (43mm, 60.22 g, 12h). By C. Bonanotte. Dually dated 2003 and RY 25. IOANNES PAULUS PP · II ANNO XXV PONTIFICATUS, half-length bust of John Paul, wearing zucchetto and mozzetta, raising hand; to left, Mary and infant Christ; three pellets to upper right / Christ standing facing before crowd; between, “Tu es Christus, Filius Dei vivi”. Choice EF. ($2000) 260


974. ITALY, Piacenza (ducato). Ranuccio I Farnese. 1592-1622. AV 2 Doppia (29mm, 13.05 g, 11h). Dated 1607 PP. Draped and cuirassed bust left / She-wolf standing left; behind, three branches surmounted by crown. MIR 1152/6; KM (MB) 35; Friedberg 907. Good VF, warm orange cabinet toning. Well struck. ($5000)

975. ITALY, Toscana (Granducato). Ferdinando II de Medici. 1621-1670. AR Testone (33mm, 9.05 g, 7h). Firenze (Florence) mint. Dated 1636. Armored and draped bust right / St. John the Baptist seated facing, holding long cross and raising hand in benediction. MIR 298; KM –. Good VF, attractive dark toning. Well struck. ($1000)

976. ITALY, Toscana (Granducato). Cosimo III de Medici. 1670-1723. AR Mezzo tollero (37mm, 13.05 g, 6h). Livorno (Leghorn) mint. Dated 1683. Crowned and draped bust right / Galley under sail right on sea. MIR 75; KM 26. Near VF, toned. Rare. ($500)

261


977. ITALY, Venezia (Venice). Marco Cornaro. 1365-1367. AV Ducat (18mm, 9h). St. Mark standing right, presenting banner to Doge kneeling left / Christ standing facing, raising hand in benediction and holding Gospels, within mandorla containing nine stars. Paolucci 1; Friedberg 1226. In NGC encapsulation, 3748108-015, graded MS 65. ($400) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

978. ITALY, Venezia (Venice). Andrea Gritti. 1523-1538. AR Mocenigo – Lira (31mm, 9h). Antonio Zorzi, mintmaster. Struck from December 1536. St. Mark standing right, presenting banner to Doge kneeling left / Christ standing facing on low basis, raising hand in benediction and holding globus cruciger; Λ Z on basis. CNI VII 257; Paolucci 5. In NGC encapsulation, 3748120-003, graded MS 63. Toned. ($200) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

979. ITALY, Venezia (Venice). Pietro Lando. 1538-1545. Æ Medal (38mm, 31.94 g, 6h). The Election of the 78th Doge. By A. Spinelli. Dated 1539. CONCORDIA · PARVÆ · RES · CRE SCVNT (small things grow in harmony, –adapted from Sallust), Christ standing left, wearing nimbus crown, raising hand in benediction, and holding vexillum; to left, doge and five senators kneeling right; above, SENATVS/VENETVS (the Venetian Senate); ·1539· in exergue / A DRIACI · REGINA · · MARIS · ([Venice], the queen of the Adriatic sea), Venice seated facing on leonine throne, wearing crown and holding scales and cornucopia; trophy of arms to right; in background to left, galley on water left; in two lines in exergue, · AND · SPINELLI ·/· F ·. Voltolino 313. VF, warm brown surfaces. ($500) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 93 (22 May 2013), lot 1934.

980. LOW COUNTRIES, Republiek der Zeven Verenigde Nederlanden (Dutch Republic). Holland. 1581-1795. AV Gouden rijder – 14 Gulden (25mm, 11h). New type. Dordrecht mint. Dated 1748. Knight right on galloping horse, holding raised sword; crowned coat-of-arms below / Crowned coat-of-arms. P&W Ho 19; CNM 2.28.47; KM 97; Friedberg 253. In NGC encapsulation, 3728086-003, graded MS 63. ($1000) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

262


981. LOW COUNTRIES, Republiek der Zeven Verenigde Nederlanden (Dutch Republic). Utrecht. 1581-1795. AV Halve gouden rijder – 7 Gulden (21mm, 4.95 g, 12h). New type. Dated 1761. Knight right on galloping horse, holding raised sword; crowned coat-of-arms below / Crowned coat-of-arms. P&W Ut 32; CNM 2.43.38; KM 103; Friedberg 289. EF, redorange toning in devices. ($300) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

982. LOW COUNTRIES, Republiek der Zeven Verenigde Nederlanden (Dutch Republic). Utrecht. 1581-1795. Piedfort AR Dukaton – Dubbel dukaton (43mm, 11h). Dated 1775. Knight right on galloping horse, holding raised sword; crowned coat-of-arms below / Crowned coat-of-arms with leonine supporters. P&W Ut 59.2; CNM 2.43.101; KM P44; Davenport 1831 (Dubbel dukaton). In NGC encapsulation, 4212891-001, graded MS 65. Attractive iridescent toning. ($3000) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

983. LOW COUNTRIES, Republiek der Zeven Verenigde Nederlanden (Dutch Republic). Utrecht. 1581-1795. AR Dreigulden – 3 Gulden (40mmm 12h). Dated 1791. Minerva standing facing, head right, holding cap on long pole and resting arm on book set on plinth / Crowned coat-of-arms. P&W Ut 71; CNM 2.43.117; KM 117. In PCGS encapsulation, 27951910, graded MS 63. Toned. ($300) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

984. LOW COUNTRIES, Republiek der Zeven Verenigde Nederlanden (Dutch Republic). West-Friesland. 15811795. AV Gouden rijder – 14 Gulden (27mm, 12h). New type. Medemblik mint; mm: rooster. Dated 1761. Knight right on galloping horse, holding raised sword; crowned coat-of-arms below / Crowned coat-of-arms. P&W Wf 09; CNM 2.46.3; KM 130; Friedberg 298. In PCGS encapsulation, 31060103, graded MS 62. ($300) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

263


985. LOW COUNTRIES, Republiek der Zeven Verenigde Nederlanden (Dutch Republic). West-Friesland. 1581-1795. AV ‘Scheepjesschelling’ afslag – Shilling (27mm, 12h). Dated 1730. Ship under sail right / Crowned coat-of-arms. P&W Wf 56.5 (unlisted date); CNM 2.46.70 (unlisted date); KM –. In NGC encapsulation, 3721210-009, graded AU 58. ($500) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

986. LOW COUNTRIES, Republiek der Zeven Verenigde Nederlanden (Dutch Republic). West-Friesland. 15811795. AR Tweegulden Klippe – 3 Gulden (46mmx46mm, 12h). Dated 1682. Minerva standing facing, head right, holding cap on long pole and resting arm on book set on plinth; margins inscribed Anna Schagens Gedach tinis (“in memory of Anna Schagens”) / Crowned coat-of-arms; margins inscribed Obiit den 25 Janùa 1684 (“died on 25 January 1684”). P&W Wf 43.2; CNM 2.46.51; KM PA24. In NGC encapsulation, 4212320-001, graded AU Details, graffiti. Toned. ($2000) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

987. LOW COUNTRIES, Republiek der Zeven Verenigde Nederlanden (Dutch Republic). Zeeland. 1581-1795. AR Zilveren dukkat piedfort – Piedfort ducat (40mmm 12h). Mm: tower. Dated 1748. Knight standing right, holding sword over shoulder and crowned coat-of-arms by ribbon / Crowned coat-of-arms. P&W Ze 50.4; CNM 2.49.49; KM –; Davenport 1836. In NGC encapsulation, 4212894-002, graded MS 64. Toned. ($1000) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection, purchased from Wade Hinderling, 2013.

264


988. LOW COUNTRIES, Bataafse Republiek (Batavian Republic). Trade coinage. 1795-1806. AV Ducat (19.5mm, 10h). Utrecht mint; mintmark: coat-of-arms. Dated 1802. Knight standing right, holding sword over shoulder and bundle of arrows / Legend in five lines in ornate frame. Schulman 38; KM 11.3; Friedberg 317. In NGC encapsulation, 1911689-003, graded MS 61. ($300) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

989. LOW COUNTRIES, Koninkrijk Holland. Lodewijk I Napoleon. 1806-1810. AR 50 Stuivers (35.5MM, 6H). Utrecht mint; mintmaster’s mark: bee. Dated 1808. Bare head right / Crowned coat-of-arms. Schulman 149; Davenport 228; KM 28. In PCGS encapsulation, 18795131, graded MS 63. ($750) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

990. MALAY ARCHIPELAGO, Colonial. Nederlands-Oost-Indië (Netherlands East Indies). Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie (Dutch East India Company). 1602-1799. Cast Æ Halve stuiver (27.5mm, 8h). Emergency issue. Batavia mint. Dated 1644. Sword / VOC monogram. Scholten 18; SS p. 79; KM 31. In NGC encapsulation, 4212894-003, graded XF 40 BN. ($200) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

991. MALAY ARCHIPELAGO, Colonial. Nederlands-Oost-Indië (Netherlands East Indies). Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie (Dutch East India Company). 1602-1799. AR Dreigulden – 3 Gulden (39mm, 12h). Utrecht mint; mm: coat-of-arms. Dated 1786. Minerva standing facing, head right, holding cap on long pole and resting arm on book set on plinth / Crowned coat-of-arms; VOC monogram below. Scholten 61; SS C.F6; KM 117. In PCGS encapsulation, 17282965, graded AU 53. Toned. ($500) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

265


993

992

992. MALAY ARCHIPELAGO, Colonial. Nederlands-Oost-Indië (Netherlands East Indies). Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie (Dutch East India Company). 1602-1799. AR Gulden (39mm, 12h). Mint in Zeeland. Dated 1791. Minerva standing facing, head right, holding cap on long pole and resting arm on book set on plinth / Crowned coat-ofarms; VOC monogram in cartouche below. Scholten 77; SS C.H4.1; KM 156.1. In PCGS encapsulation, 20931663, graded MS 64. Toned. ($300) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

993. MALAY ARCHIPELAGO, Colonial. Nederlands-Oost-Indië (Netherlands East Indies). temp. William I. 18151840. CU Pattern Doit (20mm, 7h). Dated 1836. Crowned coat-of-arms depicting swan / INDIE/ NEDERL in two lines; star above, two stars below. Scholten 659; cf. KM Pn21. In NGC encapsulation, 1520845-019, graded MS 62 BN. ($300) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

994. NETHERLANDS. temp. William I. 1815-1840. AR Rixdollar (36.5mm, 12h). Trade coinage. Utrecht mint; mintmark: coat-of-arms. Dated 1816. Knight standing right, holding sword over shoulder and crowned coat-of-arms by ribbon / Crowned coat-of-arms. Schulman 235; Davenport 225; KM 46. In NGC encapsulation, 3165973-008, graded MS 64. ($1500) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection. Ex Grundy Collection (4 January 2009), lot 22029.

995. NETHERLANDS. William I. 1815-1840. AV 5 Gulden (16mm, 6h). Brussels mint; mm: palm frond. Dated 1827 B. Bare head left / Crowned coat-of-arms. Schulman 198; KM 60; Friedberg 330. In PCGS encapsulation, 32239413, graded AU 53. ($500) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

996. NETHERLANDS. William I. 1815-1840. AV 10 Gulden (20mm, 6h). Brussels mint; mm: palm frond. Dated 1825 B. Bare head left / Crowned coat-of-arms. Schulman 191; KM 56; Friedberg 329. In NGC encapsulation, 3727099-006, graded AU 58. ($300) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

266


997. NETHERLANDS. William II. 1840-1849. AV 5 Gulden (16mm, 6h). Utrecht mint; mm’s: lis and caduceus. Dated 1843. Bare head right / Crowned coat-of-arms. Schulman 503; KM 72; Friedberg 334. In PCGS encapsulation, 17252712, graded MS 63. ($2000) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection, purchased from Schulman b.v.

998. NETHERLANDS. William III. 1849-1890. AR 2.5 Gulden (36.5mm, 6h) . Utrecht mint; mm’s: sword and caduceus. Dated 1874. Bare head right / Crowned coat-of-arms. Schulman 600; Davenport 236; KM 82. In NGC encapsulation, 3748193-001, graded MS 64. ($300) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

999. PERU, Colonial. Felipe V. King of Spain, first reign, 1700-1724. AR 8 Reales (38mm, 26.71 g, 8h). Lima mint. Dated 1714/3 L M. Coat-of-arms / Crowned pillars of Hercules set on ocean waves. KM 34. VF, toned. Rare overdate. ($500)

1000. SWITZERLAND, Kanton Basel-Schtadt. Basel. AR Doppeltaler (48.5mm, 12h). Struck early 18th century. View of the city across the Rhine / Dragon standing left, head right, with wings spread, resting claw on coat-of-arms; coats-of-arms around. HMZ 2-98a; Davenport 1742a; KM 130. In NGC encapsulation, 4192045-006, graded MS 61. Toned. ($2000) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

267


1001. UNITED STATES. 1890 CC Double Eagle. Carson City mint. In PCGS encapsulation, 84316072, graded MS 61. ($5000)

1002. WALLACHIA. Vladislav I (Vlaicu). 1364-1377. AR Ban (13mm, 0.24 g). Eagle standing left on helmet, head right / Cross potent; stars in quarters. MBR 32. Near VF. ($200)

1003. WALLACHIA. Vlad II Dracul (the Dragon). 1436-1442 and 1443-1446. AR Ban (12mm, 0.31 g, 4h). Type Ia. Târgovişte mint. Struck circa 1445-1446. Eagle standing left, head right; cross above / Dragon advancing left, with wings spread. MBR 253. Fine, porous. Very rare and historically interesting. ($1000) Following the death of Mircea the Elder in 1418, control of Wallachia fell to Mircea’s nephew, Mihail I, a member of the Danesti branch of the Basarab family. Mircea’s illegitimate son Vlad was living at the time at the court of the Holy Roman Emperor, Sigismund. Vlad was surnamed Dracul, or Dragon, so-called because of his membership in the Ordo Draconis, or Order of the Dragon, a secret knighthood instituted by the Holy Roman Emperor to fight the Ottoman Empire. The symbol of the order was that of a dragon. Unable to succeed to the Wallachian throne because of his illegtimacy, in 1431 Sigismund appointed him governor of Transylvania. That same year his son, Vlad, was born. Though this boy would later acquire the epithet Tepes, or Impaler, because of his preferred method of torture, he is better known by his nickname Dracula, or “son of the dragon,” which became the inspiration for Bram Stoker’s immortal vampire, Count Dracula. Discontent with being governor of Transylvania, Dracul was eager to claim the Wallachian throne for himself. After killing Mihail I, he became voivode of Wallachia in 1436, but his position was far from secure. He was a vassal of Hungary by oath, but also a tributary of the Ottomans as voivode. When the Turks invaded Transylvania in 1442, the Hungarian king accused his vassal of failing to properly defend the southern approaches to Transylvania, and forced Vlad out of Wallachia. In the meantime, the Hungarian general Janos Hunyadi installed another ruler in Vlad’s absence. Vlad appealed to the Sultan for aid, which was granted, and Vlad regained the throne the following year. In return for the Ottoman aid, Vlad’s younger sons, Vlad Dracula and Radu, were sent to the Sultan’s court as hostages. Hostilities soon arose again between Hungary and the Ottomans, and Vlad was summoned to join the Hungarian side as a member of the Ordo Draconis. So as not to enrage the Turks and endanger his younger sons, Vlad sent his eldest son Mircea in his stead. The crusade failed and Vlad fell further out of favor with Hungary, which arranged his murder in 1447. The existence of Vlad II Dracul’s coinage is known from a commercial charter dated to 1437, in which Vlad granted customs privilege to the merchants of Brasov. The charter mentions that both ducats and bani were struck by him. These coins were first published at the beginning of the 20th century, and the most recent paper dealing with the coinage of Vlad II Dracul recorded only seven specimens of this issue: six in public collections in Romania, and the seventh in the Fitzwilliam Museum (K. Parvan, “Cateva consideratii privind activitatea monetara a lui Vlad Dracul - Considerations Regarding the Coin Minting Activity of Vlad II Dracul,” Studii si Cercetari de Numismatica X [1993], p.101-7). Other than these few in public collections, only a handful have appeared on the market.

1004. WALLACHIA. Vlad II Dracul (the Dragon). 1436-1442 and 1443-1446. AR Ban (11.5mm, 0.21 g, 4h). Târgovişte mint. Struck circa 1445-1446. Eagle standing left, head right; [cross above] / Uncertain type (dragon or eagle left?). Cf. MBR 253-254a. Near Fine. Very rare and historically interesting. ($1000) 268


The Jonathan K. Kern Collection of Siege Coinage

The Surrender of Breda, by Diego Velรกzquez. Image courtesy of the Museo del Prado, Madrid, Spain.


The Jonathan K. Kern Collection of Siege Coinage CNG is pleased to present the Jonathan K. Kern Collection of Siege Coinage. Comprising 119 coins, one remarkable and extremely rare medal, and an original Dutch edition of Gerard Van Loon’s 1723 Beschryving der Nederlandsche historipenningen, this collection was lovingly assembled by Jon with an eye to acquiring examples of these emergency issues, struck during a tumultuous period in Europe’s history. No stranger to the field, his broad numismatic knowledge has helped others in building their collections. At the same time, he has collected for himself coins that have a strong academic and historical appeal. As for Jon’s numismatic backstory and reasons for collecting, no one could tell that story better than himself: In the early 1970s I was attending the University of Kentucky in the honors program as an undergraduate geology major. Coins were rapidly becoming much more fun than rocks. By working flea markets and coin shows on weekends, I came to the conclusion that I could earn $2,000 a year doing my hobby as a business, and I could survive on this income. Frugal living was acceptable to me if I could be my own boss. I dropped out of my second semester of my sophomore year to get married and do coins full time. I apprenticed under the expert coin repair master Paul Stockton for 3 months. We were mutually compensated since I was running his over the counter Pioneer Coin Shop for $1.00 an hour for his 35 hour Monday thru Friday business week. The importance of a college degree could still not be overlooked and I probably knew that if I did not get a degree soon then it would never happen. I am very grateful that academia had entered the “age of relevancy.” The honors program offered tailored majors for a bachelor’s degree if several criteria were met. All the course work for the usual Bachelor of Arts, Science or General Studies must be met. Courses related to the chosen major or independent course work at the junior and senior levels must be taken to meet the major requirements. Any independent work in the chosen major needed a faculty advisor capable of evaluating the quality of the study or research. So I went back for my junior and senior years and got my Bachelor of Arts with a major in Numismatics in June of 1973. The normally offered courses I took in the College of Arts and Sciences related to numismatics included: art appreciation, economics, ancient, medieval and modern history, chemistry, geology, and radiochemistry. Eighty per cent of my independent study credits were devoted to my undergraduate thesis. My thesis was a thermal neutron activation analysis of silver coins from the Spanish Colonial mints Santa Fe de Bogota and Popayan in Colombia. Silver from the mining regions around these mints were largely a by product of gold mining activities. Refining materials were scarce and contemporary sources mention possible gold impurities in the silver coins. To verify these statements nondestructively, I used a high thermal neutron flux generated by a Californium-252 source to make my sample coins radioactive for a short period of time. By identifying and measuring the radiation emitted by the coins, the gold impurities could be quantified. Many of the samples – ½, 1, and 2 reales coins – had a 5% gold content, substantially raising the intrinsic value over face value. This could easily have contributed to the numismatic scarcity of the silver coins from these mints during this period. My chemistry professor, Dr. William Ehmann, evaluated the radiochemistry scholarship, and my history professor and honors advisor, Dr. John Scarborough, evaluated my numismatic research. I was fortunate that Dr. Scarborough was interested in the archaeological uses of numismatics and appreciated research into this specialized field.

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In 1961 and 1962, my family lived in Bandung, Indonesia, on the island of Java. My father was teaching physics at the university as part of an academic exchange program. To paraphrase Neil Sowards, a missionary friend of mine who taught me a lot about foreign and ancient coins, ‘the poor here wish they could be poor in the United States.’ The street peddlers would bring their varied local arts, crafts, foods, and miscellany around the academic neighborhood hoping to make a sale. I was immediately fascinated with the obsolete Dutch East Indies coin, which were for sale for a few cents each. Here were coins with holes in the middle, square coins (oriented like a baseball diamond), coins with scalloped edges, and cut bars of copper called bonks. Half cents, 2 ½ cents, 1/10 gulden, ¼ gulden, ½,1, and 2 stuiver coppers, duits, 2 1/2 guilder and 3 guilder coins were all exciting to me. Here were coins with the Dutch language and Latin letters on one side but with Arabic script and Malay on the revese. Some of these were 200 years old! Some had portraits of a queen, shown in 4 different stages of life. And others were her father, and grandfather. So many different ways to collect coins! Arriving back in Lexington, I immediately joined the Bluegrass Coin Club, and was the only collector of foreign coins, and the only collector who didn’t care about 1950-D nickels and 1909-S VDB Lincolns. I was excited when club member Brooking Gex sold me my first Dutch 20 guilder for $9 and gave me 3 months to pay. In the early 1970s, when I started doing New York city coin shows, I visited the American Numismatic Society. On display were cases of strangely shaped Dutch siege coins, focusing on the Protestant rebellion against the Catholic Spanish overlords known as the Eighty Years’ War. Fast forward 40 years and the Archer Huntington collection, which had been loaned to the ANS actually came up for sale! I had resources at the time, and as a collector I simply had to own them. Now in phased retirement, it is time to pass on the history and enjoyment of these many quirky emergency coinages that have given me so much pleasure. A Note from the Cataloger It has been both a pleasure and a challenge to catalog the Jonathan K. Kern Collection of Siege Coins. Covering a tumultuous period in the history of early modern Europe, with two centuries of almost continuous religious and political warfare, this collection reflects the importance of sieges in the warfare of this period and a tangible reminder of the human lives involved. Siege warfare can trace its historic origins to the earliest human settlements. During the Middle Ages, when cities became fortified citadels, military strategy focused on advancing through a territory and winning its objectives through a series of sieges. By the fourteenth century, when cannons were introduced, cities began to design more modern and complicated fortifications. The artist and polymath Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) spent a great deal of energy designing novel military technologies, which included designs for defensive fortifications. During the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, fortification design and siege tactics advanced rapidly in a kind of arms race. The result of all of this was that siege warfare remained a fundamental part of early modern warfare. As one can see from this collection, the European wars of the sixteenth to the eighteenth centuries were often interwoven with one another, The largest number of coins here come from the Dutch Revolt (1568-1648). Having its beginnings in the nascent religious wars of the sixteenth century, it soon became a war of national survival. Even after the Dutch achieved their officially recognized independence with the Treaty of Westphalia, that independence still continued to be challenged, especially by Louis XIV. I found this section to be of special interest, for as a person of Dutch heritage. It is quite possible that some of my ancestors held these coins as they struggled to survive some of these sieges, or the battles that raged back and forth over the land. Please note that a number of these coins, especially those of the Dutch revolt are made of pewter, tin, and lead. Also, one issue of Amsterdam is engraved on the reverse with an image of Saint Barbara, the patron saint of artillerymen on the reverse. These pieces served as mementos, either to the men who served and survived, as may have been the case with the Saint Barbara issue, or to the subsequent generations who wished to remember the heroic deeds of their ancestors. Jon clearly enjoyed forming this collection – he can take pleasure in it being dispersed among new collectors who will be eager to learn their stories in more detail. For me, apart from the occasional missteps of other collectors or graders, this was a pleasure for me, and I hope to add one of these important coins to my collection. I thank Jeroen De Wilde for his assistance and personal notes, which contributed to this catalog. CNG thanks Numismatica Genevensis SA for the use of their images of those coins which have since been encapsulated. D. Scott VanHorn

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1005. OTTOMAN WARS IN EUROPE (Türkenkriege), Austria. Vienna. Besieged by the Ottomans under Sulayman I Qanuni (‘the Lawgiver’), 1529. AR 6 Kreuzer Klippe (20x22mm, 3.39 g, 6h). Dated 1529. TVRCK/BLEGERT/WIEN/15Z9 in four lines; floral ornaments at each cardinal poit / Cross pattée; in each quarter, coats-of-arms of Niederösterreich, Castile, Hungary, and Bohemia. Markl 298; Mailliet 9; Cejnek, p. 14. VF, toned. ($500) The Ottoman wars in Europe were a series of military conflicts between the Ottoman Empire and various European states from the thirteenth century to World War I. The earliest of these wars were the Byzantine–Ottoman wars of the 13th century, followed by the Bulgarian–Ottoman wars, and the Serbian–Ottoman wars of the 14th century. This period saw extensive Ottoman expansion into the Balkans. In the 15th and 16th centuries, the Ottomans push further into Central Europe, culminating in the Siege of Vienna in 1529. The Ottoman–Venetian Wars lasted from 1423 to 1718. During this time, many formerly Venetian trading centers fell, including Negroponte in 1470, and Famagusta (Cyprus) in 1571. The defeat of the Ottoman fleet at the Battle of Lepanto in 1571, the fall of Candia (Crete) in 1669, the Venetian reconquest of Morea (Peloponnese) in the 1680s, checked the Ottoman advance for a short while, but Morea’s loss again in 1715 left Corfu the only Greek island not conquered by the Ottomans. In the late seventeenth century, European powers began to consolidate against the Ottomans and formed the Holy League, reversing a number of Ottoman gains during the Great Turkish War of 1683–99. Nevertheless, Ottoman armies were able to hold off European armies until the second half of the eighteenth century. The Serbian (1804–1817) and Greek (1821–1832) insurrections demonstrated the weakening of Ottoman power in the Balkans. The final retreat of Ottoman rule came with the First Balkan War (1912–1913), followed by the World War I, which brought about the collapse of the empire as a whole. The siege of Vienna in 1529 was the first of two sieges by the Ottoman Turks against the city (the later coming in 1683). After a successful military campaign in Hungary, the Ottoman Sultan Sulayman I advanced on Vienna with an enormous force in the fall of 1529. However, due to poor weather and a strong defense of the city, he was soon forced to abandon the siege. This event was a high-water mark for the Turkish expansion. For more than a century afterwards, the Ottoman Empire would not have the power to threaten central Europe.

The Origin of the Dutch Revolt

1006. temp. ICONOCLASTIC FURY (Beeldenstorm), Low Countries. Valencijn. Besieged by the Spanish under the command of Gilles van Berlaymont, 1567. PB 15 Sols Klippe (23x23mm, 6.90 g). Later strike. Dated 1567. Crowned coatof-arms over Burgundian cross; 15 67 flanking shield; flames below / Blank. Vanhoudt –; Brause-Mansfeld II –; cf. Mailliet 1; Lasser –. In NGC encapsulation, 4212890-004, graded AU 55. ($100) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.3440 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 741. The Dutch Revolt (Dutch Nederlandse Opstand or Tachtjarige Oorlog [= Eighty Years War]) was one theater of conflict in the religious wars that took place during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. This period of warfare was the result of the Protestant Reformation. The Low Countries, which had been part of a personal union with the Hapsburg Holy Roman Emperor, became dissatisfied with the rule of the Spanish king, Philip II, who had received the territories from his father, Charles V, upon his retirement. Although Philip continued his father’s policies, he was a less-than-popular figure among the people. He spoke no Dutch, unlike his father, who had been born in Ghent. Philip also appeared cold and distant, sending instead Spanish nobles to rule in his stead. Beginning in the summer of 1566, serious public disturbances broke out throughout the Low Countries. Known as the Beeldenstorm, or “statue storm”, these revolts were driven in the region by a famine resulting from a particularly harsh winter, Calvinist aversion to Catholic religious imagery, and the dissatisfaction of the local Dutch nobility with the increasingly Spanish-centered government. To make matters worse, Philip sent a large army under the Duke of Alba to crush the social unrest. Alba took a heavy-handed approach. He appointed a special court, known as the Raad van Beroerten (Council of Troubles). He bypassed the legally appointed Governor of the Netherlands, the King’s half-sister, Margaret of Parma. He used her as a ruse to lure back the opposition leaders, the Counts of Egmont and Horne, who were then publically executed in Brussels in 1568. Willem van Oranje, known as de Zwijger (the Silent), who had originally been a favorite of the Hapsburg government, now became the de facto leader in exile of the revolt. His brother, Lodewijk van Nassau, tried to gain support from exiled Calvinists in England by sending ships across the Channel; instead these ships turned to privateering and became known as the Watergeuzen (“Sea Beggars”). And, in May 1568, Lodewijk, along with his (and Willem’s) younger brother, Adolf van Nassau, defeated the Spanish army of Friesland at the Battle of Heligerlee. Even though this was a victory for the Dutch rebels, Willem’s main problem continued to be acquiring foreign assistance for the Dutch cause. Because of Alba’s harsh reprisals, known as the Spanish Fury, many hesitated or refused to help. Willem then turned to Protestant England and Catholic France. Both were obvious sources of aid, since each saw it as an opportunity to attack Spain by proxy. When the conflict broke out again in 1572 and Willem returned from exile, he set up his court in the Prinsenhof in Delft (since the Spanish occupied his ancestral lands of Orange at Breda). Here he remained until he was assassinated in 1584.

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The Dutch Revolt Beginning with the capture of Den Briel in April 1572 by the Watergeuzen, most of the important cities in Zeeland and Holland sided with the rebels. Other cities, such as Amsterdam and Middelburg, remained loyal to the King and the Catholic cause. During this next phase of the conflict (1572-1585), the Low Countries was beset by repeated sieges of various cities by both sides. Because of the nature of the terrain there, with its numerous polders, dikes, wastelands and waterways, it was impossible for the Spanish to employ standard military tactics – largescale armies deployed on the field of battle. During the Middle Ages, Dutch cities, like others across Europe, had been encircled with thick outer walls interspersed with towers. With the invention of gunpowder and the cannon, new fortification technologies were devised (including the construction of projecting bastions), making these already fortified cities akin to impregnable citadels. Between 1573 and 1585 − a critical period in this second phase of the rebellion − the rebellion in the Low Countries divided along religious lines. Although the harsh Alba was replaced as the governor General of the Netherlands by the moderate and short-lived Luis de Requesens (who would die in early 1576), such moderation was to little avail as Alessandro Farnese, the Duke of Parma, succeeded Requesens. Farnese was the son of Ottavio Farnese, the second Duke of Parma, and Margaret, the illegitimate daughter of the Holy Roman emperor, Charles V. His mother’s status in no way hindered her relations with her half-brother Philip II; in turn, Alessandro Farnese appears to have enjoyed a similar relationship with his uncle. In 1578, he was appointed Governor General of the Netherlands. A keen warrior who fought at the Battle of Lepanto in 1571, he had the opportunity to display his military skills against the Netherlandish rebels who had since revolted against Spain. As a result, Farnese was able to return the southern provinces to the Spanish throne, a process that was concluded with the Treaty of Arras on 6 January 1579. In response to the Treaty of Arras, the seven Calvinist provinces of the North united under Willem in the Union of Utrecht on 23 January 1579. Thus, the once cohesive Low Countries were divided into a Southern Catholic portion, loyal to the Spanish king, and a rebellious Calvinist group to the north. To make matters worse, on 26 July 1581, the States General at the Hague signed the Plakkaat van Verlatinghe (Act of Abjuration), a formal declaration that those states under the Union of Utrecht were no longer bound in their loyalty to Philip II, who had forfeited his rights by failing his obligations and violating their ancient rights. Immediately after the signing of the Act, the Spanish sent a large army to recapture the rebellious northern provinces, now known as the United Provinces. Parma reconquered large portions of Flanders and Brabant, as well as large sections of the northeastern provinces. In 1585, the city of Antwerp was captured. Then the largest city in the Low Countries, almost half of its inhabitants fled north. Spanish success seemed assured when Willem van Oranje was assassinated the previous year by a Spanish operative at the Prinzenhof in Delft. Following the Plakkaat van Verlatinghe, the northern provinces directly offered the crown to the English and French monarchs. The youngest son of Henri II, François, the Duc d’Anjou and Alençon was the first invited by Willem. A young man who supported the Protestants in his own country and was looking for his own territory to rule, the Duc d’Anjou and Alençon accepted, assuming the title “Protector of the Liberty of the Netherlands”. After a delayed arrival (see his role in the Siege of Kamerijk), he was welcomed by a series of “Joyous Entries” into Brabant and Vlaanderen. Anjou was not a popular figure with the Dutch and the Flemish, who considered the Catholic French as enemies. Furthermore, his authority was limited. To compensate for this, Anjou decided to take direct control of several Flemish cities, including Antwerp. There, he attempted to take the city by trickery, but the citizen militia ambushed him and destroyed his troops in what was known as the “French Fury.” Barely escaping with his own life, Anjou died shortly thereafter of malaria. On the other hand, the English preferred to continue with indirect aid. Following the assassination of Willem van Oranje in 1584 and the signing of a treaty between the French Catholics and Spain to destroy the Huguenots, England was compelled to act in a more direct way. Under the terms of the Treaty of Nonesuch in 1585, Robert Dudley, First Earl of Leicester and Elizabeth’s long-time favorite, was appointed Governor-General and sent with an English expeditionary force to support the Dutch in 1586. Dudley, however, publicly unpopular, proved to be a poor commander and within a year of his arrival returned to England, eventually to command the land troops preparing for an anticipated invasion of England by the Spanish as part of the Spanish Armada. Following the departure of the Earl of Leicester, the States General appointed Willem’s son, Maurits van Oranje, as Captain General of the Dutch forces. From then until 1609, when the Twelve Years’ Truce was instituted, Maurits took advantage of Spanish attention elsewhere and the numerous mutinies of Spanish troops in the region to strengthen his position and expand his territories. In addition to Dutch ships assisting the English against the Spanish, Dutch forces laid siege to a number of fortified pro-Spanish border towns. At home in the heartland of Holland, the peace created by this period of Dutch advance helped to usher in the Gouden Eeuw, or Dutch Golden Age of trade and art. In 1609, the United Provinces and the Spanish-controlled southern provinces established a ceasefire. Mediated by the French and English, this period was known as the Twelve Years’ Truce (1609-1621). While both sides negotiated for a more permanent peace, the Dutch took advantage of the opportunity to strengthen their fleet to protect their sea trade, which had increased greatly with the establishment of the Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie (Dutch East India Company) in 1602. When hostilities again broke out in 1621, it was Dutch shipping that provided the decisive factor. The final phase of the revolt (1621-1648) was due largely to irreconcilable demands for religious minorities in each of the two states. In addition, the Dutch trade interests conflicted with those of the Spanish, especially in the lucrative East Indies and the Americas, where the Dutch would establish a foothold on Manhattan in 1624. At this point, the revolt became a part of the larger Thirty Years’ War (1618-1648). During this period, Maurits died at the Siege of Breda (1625). In 1629, Maurits’ successor, his brother Frederik Hendrik van Oranjie, successfully captured ‘s-Hertogenbosch, a serious blow to the Spanish, because it was considered to be impregnable. In 1632, Frederik began his “March along the Meuse” – a maneuver designed to conquer the cities of Vlaanderen. Overall, this strategy failed, due a lack of support by the Flemish, who now mistrusted the Calvinists more than the Spanish. The Dutch, however more successful on sea, raiding Spanish holdings in the Caribbean. The capture of a Spanish treasure fleet in the 1628 Battle in the Bay of Matanzas helped fund Frederik’s siege of ‘s-Hertogenbosch. Maarten Tromp’s decisive defeat in 1639 of an Spanish armada containing 20,000 troops bound for Vlaanderen in a last-ditch large-scale attempt to reconquer the Republic at the Battle of the Downs effectively ended Spanish hopes for retaking the northern provinces, as well as ending forever Spanish dominance on the sea. The Dutch Revolt finally ended with the Treaty of Münster in 1648 as part of the Peace of Westphalia, which at last recognized the de jure independence of the Republic.

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1007. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Amsterdam. Besieged by the States-General, December 1577-8 February 1578. AR 40 Stuiver Klippe (38x38mm, 26.87 g). Emission of 5 January 1578. Type 1. Dated 1578. Crowned city coat-of-arms with lion supporters; 1578 · XL below; all within circular pearl border; soldeervaasje (solder pot) stamp above / ᚫ ʐ ᚫ/AR · ET/ᚫ FOᚫ in three lines; all within wreath. P&W Am 01; Gelder, Noodmunten, 109; Delmonte, Argent 186; Mailliet 1; Lasser 1125; CNM 2.02.1. In NGC encapsulation, 3640349-003, graded AU 55. Toned. ($1000) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.26422 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 531 (where it hammered CHF 2200 on an estimate of CHF 800. According to Maillet, the silver for this issue was provided by the city’s statue of Sint-Nicolaas. In the Dutch Revolt, Amsterdam initially refused to join Holland, Zeeland, and the southern provinces, all of whom wanted to push the Spanish from Dutch territory. In late 1577, the rebel Dutch forces blockaded the city. The blockade ended in February of 1578, when Amsterdam grudgingly agreed to join the rebellion against Spain. Soon after, the Catholic town council was replaced by Protestant members loyal to William, Prince of Orange, thus positioning Amsterdam as a participant in the Dutch struggle for independence. During the blockade, the city struck several denominations of silver siege coinage.

1008. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Amsterdam. Besieged by the States-General, December 1577-8 February 1578. AR 40 Stuiver Klippe (37x34mm, 26.83 g). Emission of 5 January 1578. Type 1. Dated 1578. Crowned city coat-of-arms with lion supporters; 1578 · XL below; all within circular pearl border; vuurstaal (fire steel) stamp above / ᚫ ʐ ᚫ/AR · ET/ᚫ FOᚫ in three lines; all within wreath. P&W Am 01; Gelder, Noodmunten, 113; Delmonte, Argent 191; Mailliet 12; Lasser 1132; CNM 2.02.5. In NGC encapsulation, 3356436-001, graded AU 50. Toned. Numeral 2. in India ink twice on reverse. ($1000) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.9328 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 534.

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1009. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Amsterdam. Besieged by the States-General, December 1577-8 February 1578. AR 40 Stuiver Klippe (38x40mm, 26.86 g). Emission of 5 January 1578. Type 1. Dated 1578. Crowned city coat-of-arms with lion supporters; 1578 · XL below; all within circular pearl border; soldeervaasje (solder pot) stamp above / ᚫ ʐ ᚫ/AR · ET/ᚫ FOᚫ in three lines; all within wreath. P&W Am 01; Gelder, Noodmunten, 109; Delmonte, Argent 186; Mailliet 1; Lasser 1125; CNM 2.02.1. In NGC encapsulation, 3640349-004, graded XF 45. Toned, double strike and numeral 21 in India ink on obverse. ($750) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.9329 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 533 (where it hammered CHF 2200).

1010. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Amsterdam. Besieged by the States-General, December 1577-8 February 1578. AR 40 Stuiver Klippe (38x38mm, 25.31 g). Emission of 5 January 1578. Type 1. Dated 1578. Crowned city coat-of-arms with lion supporters; 1578 · XL below; all within circular pearl border; soldeervaasje (solder pot) stamp above / ᚫ ʐ ᚫ/AR · ET/ᚫ FOᚫ in three lines; all within wreath. P&W Am 01; Gelder, Noodmunten, 109; Delmonte, Argent 186; Mailliet 1; Lasser 1125; CNM 2.02.1. In NGC encapsulation, 4212320-002, graded VF Details, rim filing. Toned. ($500) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.9330 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 532.

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1011. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Amsterdam. Besieged by the States-General, December 1577-8 February 1578. AR 40 Suiver Klippe (34x35mm, 26.91 g, 12h). Emission of 5 January 1578. Type 2. Dated 1578. Crowned city coat-of-arms with lion supporters; X L flanking crown, 1578 in exergue; all within circular pearl border; PG monogram stamp above / ᚫ ʐ ᚫ/AR · ET/ᚫ FOᚫ in three lines; all within wreath. P&W Am 01.1; Gelder, Noodmunten, 117b; Delmonte, Argent 193; Mailliet 23; Lasser 1138; CNM 2.02.3. EF, toned, slight double strike on reverse. ($750) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.7004 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 529 (where it hammered CHF 3500 on an estimate of CHF 800).

1012. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Amsterdam. Besieged by the States-General, December 1577-8 February 1578. AR 40 Stuiver Klippe (35x37mm, 26.95 g, 12h). Emission of 5 January 1578. Type 2. Dated 1578. Crowned city coat-of-arms with lion supporters; X L flanking crown, 1578 in exergue; all within circular pearl border; vuurstaal (fire steel) stamp above / ᚫ ʐ ᚫ/AR · ET/ᚫ FOᚫ in three lines; all within wreath. P&W Am 01.1; Gelder, Noodmunten, 113b; Delmonte,  Argent  188; Mailliet 2; Lasser 1133; CNM 2.02.2. VF, toned, initials A · F engraved on reverse. ($1000) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.7006 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 527.

1013. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Amsterdam. Besieged by the States-General, December 1577-8 February 1578. AR 20 Stuiver Klippe (31x32mm, 13.52 g, 12h). Emission of 5 January 1578. Dated 1578. Crowned city coat-of-arms; X X flanking crown, 15 78 flanking arms; all within circular pearl border; PG monogram stamp above / ᚫ ʐ ᚫ/AR · ET/ᚫ FOᚫ in three lines; all within wreath. P&W Am 02; Gelder, Noodmunten, 118a; Delmonte, Argent 194; Mailliet 33; Lasser 1139; CNM 2.02.6. In NGC encapsulation, 4228652-002, graded MS 61. ($500) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.57.5892 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 538.

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1014. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Amsterdam. Besieged by the States-General, December 1577-8 February 1578. AR 20 Suiver Klippe (28x29mm, 13.51 g, 6h). Emission of 5 January 1578. Dated 1578. Crowned city coat-of-arms; X X flanking crown, 15 78 flanking arms; all within circular pearl border; soldeervaasje (solder pot) stamp above / ᚫ ʐ ᚫ/AR · ET/ᚫ FOᚫ in three lines; all within wreath. P&W Am 02; Gelder, Noodmunten, 110a; Delmonte, Argent 185; Mailliet 3; Lasser –; CNM 2.02.4. Good VF, toned, some weakness. ($750) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.7011 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 535.

1015. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Amsterdam. Besieged by the States-General, December 1577-8 February 1578. AR 10 Stuiver Klippe (23x24mm, 6.74 g). Emission of 5 January 1578. Dated 1578. Crowned city coat-of-arms; X S flanking crown, 15 78 flanking arms; all within circular pearl border; soldeervaasje (solder pot) stamp above / Blank. P&W Am 03; Gelder, Noodmunten, 111; Delmonte, Argent 187; Mailliet 42; Lasser 1128-9; CNM 2.02.72. In NGC encapsulation, 4212887-004, graded AU 58. Toned. ($1000) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.18685 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 539.

1016 1017 1018 1016. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Amsterdam. Besieged by the States-General, December 1577-8 February 1578. AR 10 Stuiver Klippe (23x24mm, 6.77 g). Emission of 5 January 1578. Dated 1578. Crowned city coat-of-arms; X S flanking crown, 15 78 flanking arms; all within circular pearl border; PG monogram stamp above / Blank. P&W Am 03; Gelder, Noodmunten, 119a; Delmonte, Argent 197; Mailliet 43; Lasser 1140; CNM 2.02.12. Good VF, toned. ($500) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.7013 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 542.

1017. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Amsterdam. Besieged by the States-General, December 1577-8 February 1578. AR 10 Stuiver Klippe (22x22.5mm, 6.77 g). Emission of 5 January 1578. Dated 1578. Crowned city coat-of-arms; X S flanking crown, 15 78 flanking arms; all within circular pearl border; PG monogram stamp above / Blank. P&W Am 03; Gelder, Noodmunten, 119a; Delmonte, Argent 197; Mailliet 43; Lasser 1140; CNM 2.02.12. Good VF, toned. ($300) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.57.5894 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 541.

1018. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Amsterdam. Besieged by the States-General, December 1577-8 February 1578. AR 10 Stuiver Klippe (22x21mm, 6.64 g). Emission of 5 January 1578. Dated 1578. Crowned city coat-of-arms; X S flanking crown, 15 78 flanking arms; all within circular pearl border; vuurstaal (fire steel) stamp above / Blank. P&W Am 03; Gelder, Noodmunten, 115a; Delmonte, Argent 192; Mailliet 4; Lasser 1135; CNM 2.02.10. VF, toned. ($500) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.57.5893 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 540.

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1019

1020

1021

1019. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Amsterdam. Besieged by the States-General, December 1577-8 February 1578. AR 5 Stuiver Klippe (22x21mm, 3.38 g). Emission of 5 January 1578. Dated 1578. Crowned city coat-of-arms; V S flanking crown, 15 78 flanking arms; all within circular pearl border; PG monogram) stamp above / Blank. P&W Am 04; Gelder, Noodmunten, 120a-c; Delmonte, Argent –; Mailliet 53; Lasser 1141; CNM 2.02.18. In NGC encapsulation, 4212887-005, graded AU 53. Toned. Collector number (15/–/15) in three lines in India ink on reverse. ($1000) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.7010 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 547.

1020. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Amsterdam. Besieged by the States-General, December 1577-8 February 1578. AR 5 Stuiver Klippe (20x21mm, 3.33 g). Emission of 5 January 1578. Dated 1578. Crowned city coat-of-arms; V S flanking crown, 15 78 flanking arms; all within circular pearl border; soldeervaasje (solder pot) stamp above / Blank. P&W Am 04; Gelder, Noodmunten, 112a; Delmonte, Argent –; Mailliet 5; Lasser 1130-1; CNM 2.02.14. VF, toned. ($400) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.57.6895 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 544.

1021. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Amsterdam. Besieged by the States-General, December 1577-8 February 1578. AR 5 Stuiver Klippe (20x20mm, 3.36 g). Emission of 5 January 1578. Dated 1578. Crowned city coat-of-arms; V S flanking crown, 15 78 flanking arms; all within circular pearl border; vuurstaal (fire steel) stamp above / Blank. P&W Am 04; Gelder, Noodmunten, 116a; Delmonte, Argent –; Mailliet 52; Lasser 1136; CNM 2.02.16. VF, toned, minor weakness. ($300) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.7016 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 545.

278


Engraved with the Image of St. Barbara

1022. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Amsterdam. Besieged by the States-General, December 1577-8 February 1578. AR 40 Stuiver Klippe (38x41mm, 28.69Â g). Post-siege issue. Dated 1578. Crowned coatof-arms above 1578/XL; vuurstaal (fire steel) stamp above / Blank, but with later engraving of St. Barbara standing right, holding chalice surmounted by host and palm frond; sword on ground behind her; in background, tree and bath house with three windows to left; additional trees to right; S. BAR BARA around; all within circular linear border. P&W Am 05; Gelder, Noodmunten, 125; Delmonte, Argent, 201; Maillet 6; Lasser 1145; CNM 2.02.19 (all examples without additional engraving). In NGC encapsulation, 4228601-001, graded AU Details, engraved. Toned. ($5000) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.1444 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 551 (hammer 16,000 CHF on a 1000 CHF estimate). According to the hagiographies, Barbara was the daughter of a rich pagan named Dioscorus. To preserve her from the outside world, her father kept her locked in a tower. During this time, she secretly became a Christian. Dioscorus ordered that a bath house be built for Barbara while he was on a journey. Upon his return, Barbara proclaimed her faith, causing her father to draw his sword. Through Barbaraâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s prayers, an opening magically appeared and she was transported to a distant province. There she was eventually captured and tortured by the local prefect. Holding true to her faith, she was repeatedly tortured, but every evening the wounds were miraculously healed. She was finally beheaded by her father, who was himself burned by lightning. Barbara was the patron saint of artillerymen, as well as armorers, military engineers, gunsmiths, tunnelers, miners, and anyone who worked with cannon and explosives. Siege pieces with post-event messages or engravings, like this coin, on their normally blank reverse, suggests that these coins were kept as a memento or souvenir by those who participated in the siege. Since the engraving here is the patroness of those involved in the active defense of the city, the owner may have had the engraving done as a devotional reminder of having survived the worst of the siege.

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1023 1024 1023. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Amsterdam. Besieged by the States-General, December 1577-8 February 1578. AR 40 Stuiver Klippe (34x36mm, 26.50 g). Post-siege issue. Dated 1578. Crowned coat-of-arms above 1578/XL; soldeervaasje (solder pot) stamp above / Blank. P&W Am 05; Gelder, Noodmunten, 121; Delmonte, Argent 198; Maillet 62; Lasser 1143; CNM 2.02.19. In NGC encapsulation, 42128287-002, graded XF 45. Toned. ($1000) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.57.5890 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 550.

1024. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Amsterdam. Besieged by the States-General, December 1577-8 February 1578. AR 40 Stuiver Klippe (37x38mm, 27.06 g). Post-siege issue. Dated 1578. Crowned coat-ofarms above 1578/XL; PG monogram stamp above / Blank. P&W Am 05; Gelder, Noodmunten, 129; Delmonte, Argent, 204; Maillet 63; Lasser 1147; CNM 2.02.19. VF, toned, a few edge bumps. ($1500) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.7003 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 552.

1025 1026 1027 1025. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Amsterdam. Besieged by the States-General, December 1577-8 February 1578. AR 40 Stuiver Klippe (37x39mm, 27.01 g). Post-siege issue. Dated 1578. Crowned coatof-arms above 1578/XL; soldeervaasje (solder pot) stamp above / Blank. P&W Am 05; Gelder, Noodmunten, 121; Delmonte, Argent 198; Maillet 62; Lasser 1143; CNM 2.02.19. VF, toned, minor weakness. ($1500) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.26424 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 549.

1026. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Amsterdam. Besieged by the States-General, December 1577-8 February 1578. AR 20 Stuiver Klippe (30x30mm, 13.87 g). Post-siege issue. Dated 1578. Crowned coatof-arms above 1578/XX; soldeervaasje (solder pot) stamp above / Blank. P&W Am 06; Gelder, Noodmunten, 122; Delmonte, Argent, 199; Maillet 73; Lasser –; CNM 2.02.20. VF, toned. ($1000) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.70079 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, (27 November 2012), lot 553.

1027. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Amsterdam. Besieged by the States-General, December 1577-8 February 1578. AR 20 Stuiver Klippe (30x31mm, 13.36 g). Post-siege issue. Dated 1578. Crowned coat-ofarms above 1578/XX; vuurstaal (fire steel) stamp above / Blank. P&W Am 06; Gelder, Noodmunten, 126; Delmonte, Argent, 202; Maillet 72; Lasser 1146; CNM 2.02.20. Near VF, toned, some weakness of strike. ($750) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.26425 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 554.

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1028. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Breda. Besieged by the States-General, 1577. AR 20 Stuiver Klippe (24x24mm, 7.30 g). Emission of September 1577. Dated 1577. ) IN • NECESSITATE • 1577, BRE/ · /DÆ in three lines; all within circular linear and pearl borders; tower stamp above, coat-of-arms of Orange stamp to left and lis stamp to right, XX (mark of value) stamp below / Blank. Vanhoudt I 241; Gelder, Noodmunten, 104a; Delmonte, Argent 183; Mailliet 4; Lasser 1119; CNM 2.09.3. In NGC encapsulation, 4212887-001, graded XF 40. Toned. ($1000) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.9341 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 518. Breda, a town in the Spanish Netherlands, was one of the lands of William the Silent, Prince of Orange, a major figure in the struggle for Dutch independence in the Eighty Years’ War. Maurice of Nassau, William’s son, was in command of the town when it was besieged in August of 1624 by Spanish troops under Ambrosio Spinola. The well-defended town eventually fell to the Spanish in June of 1625. Not long after the fall of Breda, however, the tide of the war began to turn against Spain. The Dutch and their allies grew increasingly powerful, and in 1637, Prince Frederick Henry of Orange retook the city. In 1648, the Dutch United Provinces were officially declared independent of Spain in the Treaty of Münster. The Surrender of Breda, a painting by Diego Velásquez, vividly captures the end of the Spanish siege. The painting depicts the surrender of the Dutch by Justin of Nassau to the Spanish army. In his painting, Velásquez emphasizes the graciousness of the Spanish. He shows the two adversaries, Justin of Nassau and Ambrosio Spinola, meeting as if they are old friends. Spinola puts his hand on Justin’s shoulder, preventing him from kneeling, as if to reassure him that he’ll be treated with respect. The painting, completed ten years after this klippe was struck, is a fascinating depiction of the ideals of 17th century chivalry.

1029. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Breda. Besieged by the States-General, 1577. Pewter 20 Stuiver Klippe (29xmm, 15.12 g). Dies by Carl Wilhelm Becker (1772-1830). Dated 1577. Crowned B, 15 77 flanking B; coats-of-arms above and below; XX ST across field / Blank. Hill 333; Vanhoudt –; cf. Gelder, Noodmunten, 108a (for original issue in silver); cf. Mailliet 43 (same); Lasser –; cf. CNM (same). VF. ($200) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 999.42458 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 746.

1030. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Breda. Besieged by the States-General, 1577. Pewter 10 Stuiver Klippe (33x34mm, 34.62 g). Emission of September 1577. Dated 1577. ) IN • NECESSITATE • 1577, BRE/ · /DÆ in three lines; all within circular linear and pearl borders; tower stamp above, lis stamp to left and coat-of-arms of Orange stamp to right, X (mark of value) stamp below / Blank. Vanhoudt I 242; Gelder, Noodmunten, 105; Delmonte, Argent –; Mailliet –; Lasser 1120 var. (placement of stamps); CNM 2.09.3. In NGC encapsulation, 4212887-002, graded AU 53. Toned. Small spot of red paint or wax (collector’s mark) on obverse. ($1500) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.9339 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 519.

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1031. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Breda. Besieged by the States-General, 1577. PB 3 Stuiver (23.5mm, 16.03 g). Emission of September 1577. Later strike. Dated 1577. ) IN • NECESSITATE • 1577, BRE/DÆ in two lines; all within circular linear and pearl borders; coat-of-arms of Orange stamp above BRE / Blank. Cf. Vanhoudt I 244 (for issue in silver); cf. Gelder, Noodmunten, 107 (same); cf. Mailliet 6 (same); Lasser –; cf. CNM 2.09.24 (same) and illustration; Elsen 91, lot 1121. VF, toned, a few marks, minor areas of weakness at periphery. ($300) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.9342 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 521.

1032 1033 1032. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Breda. Besieged by the Spanish under Ambrosio Spínola, Marqués de los Balbases, July 1624-5 July 1625. AR 60 Stuiver Klippe (30x32mm, 14.96 g). Emission of January 1625. Dated 1625. • BREDA • OBSESSA • 1625 •, Generaliteitsleeuw (States Lion) within pearl border; 60 stamp above, Orange coat-of-arms stamp to right; civic coats-of-arms stamp to left, rose stamp below / Blank. Vanhoudt I 456; Gelder, Noodmunten, 227a-b; Delmonte, Argent, 320; Maillet 8; Lasser 1173; CNM 2.09.7. In NGC encapsulation, 4212806-004, graded AU 58. Toned. ($1000) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.57.5900 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 617.

1033. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Breda. Besieged by the Spanish under Ambrosio Spínola, Marqués de los Balbases, July 1624-5 July 1625. AR 60 Stuiver Klippe (31x30mm, 15.15 g). Emission of January 1625. Dated 1625. • BREDA • OBSESSA • 1625 •, Generaliteitsleeuw (States Lion) within pearl border; 60 stamp above, Orange coat-of-arms stamp to right; civic coats-of-arms stamp to left, rose stamp below / Blank. Vanhoudt I 456; Gelder, Noodmunten, 227a-b; Delmonte, Argent, 320; Maillet 8; Lasser 1173; CNM 2.09.7. Good VF, toned. ($1000) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.9363 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 620.

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1034 1035 1036 1034. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Breda. Besieged by the Spanish under Ambrosio Spínola, Marqués de los Balbases, July 1624-5 July 1625. AR 40 Stuiver Klippe (25x26mm, 10.33 g). Emission of January 1625. Dated 1625. • BREDA • OBSESSA • 1625, crowned coat-of-arms of Maurits van Oranje; all within pearl border; 40 stamp above, civic coat-of-arms stamp to left and right, rose stamp below / Blank. Vanhoudt I 458; Gelder, Noodmunten, 229a-c; Delmonte, Argent, 322; Maillet 92; Lasser 1175; CNM 2.09.9. In NGC encapsulation, 3748111-002, graded AU 55. Toned. ($500) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.57.5903 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 626.

1035. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Breda. Besieged by the Spanish under Ambrosio Spínola, Marqués de los Balbases, July 1624-5 July 1625. AR 40 Stuiver Klippe (26x26mm, 10.00 g). Emission of January 1625. Dated 1625. • BREDA • OBSESSA • 1625 •, crowned coat-of-arms of Maurits van Oranje; all within pearl border; 40 stamp above, civic coat-of-arms stamp to left and right, rose stamp below / Blank. Vanhoudt I 458; Gelder, Noodmunten, 229ac; Delmonte, Argent, 322; Maillet 92; Lasser 1175; CNM 2.09.9. VF, toned. ($500) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.9359 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 627.

1036. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Breda. Besieged by the Spanish under Ambrosio Spínola, Marqués de los Balbases, July 1624-5 July 1625. AR 40 Stuiver Klippe (28x27mm, 9.81 g). Emission of January 1625. Dated 1625. • BREDA • OBSESSA • 1625 •, crowned coat-of-arms of Maurits van Oranje; all within pearl border; 40 stamp above, civic coat-of-arms stamp to left and right, rose stamp below / Blank. Vanhoudt I 458; Gelder, Noodmunten, 229ac; Delmonte, Argent, 322; Maillet 92; Lasser 1175; CNM 2.09.9. Near VF, toned. ($400) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.9358 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 625.

1037 1038 1037. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Breda. Besieged by the Spanish under Ambrosio Spínola, Marqués de los Balbases, July 1624-5 July 1625. AR 20 Stuiver Klippe (21x21mm, 4.92 g). Emission of January 1625. Dated 1625. • BREDA • OBSESS • 1625, civic coat-of-arms within pearl border; 20 stamp above, rose stamp below / Blank. Vanhoudt I 459; Gelder, Noodmunten, 230a-b; Delmonte, Argent, 323; Maillet 10; Lasser 1176; CNM 2.09.10. In NGC encapsulation, 4212843-007, graded AU 58. Toned. ($1000) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.18688 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 634 (part of).

1038. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Breda. Besieged by the Spanish under Ambrosio Spínola, Marqués de los Balbases, July 1624-5 July 1625. AR 20 Stuiver Klippe (23x22mm, 4.81 g). Emission of January 1625. Dated 1625. • BREDA • OBSESS • 1625, civic coat-of-arms within pearl border; 20 stamp above, rose stamp below / Blank. Vanhoudt I 459; Gelder, Noodmunten, 230a-b; Delmonte, Argent, 323; Maillet 10; Lasser 1176; CNM 2.09.10. Good VF, toned with a few flan preparation marks. ($300)

283


1039 1040 1039. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Breda. Besieged by the Spanish under Ambrosio Spínola, Marqués de los Balbases, July 1624-5 July 1625. CU 2 Stuiver Klippe (18x19mm, 3.57 g). Emission of Spring 1625. Dated 1625. • II • / BREDA / OBSESSA in three lines; below, coat-of-arms flanked by 16 25 / Blank. P&W Am 03; Gelder, Noodmunten, 111; Delmonte, Argent 187; Mailliet 42; Lasser 1128-9; CNM 2.02.72. VF, brown surfaces. ($200) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.57.5908 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 635 (part of).

1040. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Breda. Besieged by the Spanish under Ambrosio Spínola, Marqués de los Balbases, July 1624-5 July 1625. CU 2 Stuiver Klippe (20x20mm, 5.48 g). Emission of Spring 1625. Dated 1625. • II • / BREDA / OBSESSA in three lines; below, coat-of-arms flanked by 16 25 / Blank. Vanhoudt I 460; Gelder, Noodmunten, 231a; Maillet 11; Lasser 1177; CNM 2.09.11. VF, brown surfaces. ($200) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.18687 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 635 (part of).

1041 1042 1041. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Brussel. Blockaded by the Spanish under Alessandro Farnese, Duca di Parma, 1579-1580. AR 36 Stuiver Klippe (34x34mm, 25.05 g). Dated 1579. Ⴛ PERFER • ET • OBDVRA Ⴛ BRVXELLA, civic coat of arms, · 36 · ST · (mark of value above), 15 79 flanking arms / Blank. Vanhoudt I 255; Gelder, Noodmunten, 157; Delmonte,  Argent  216; Maillet 2; Lasser 1160. In NGC encapsulation, 3356451-007, graded AU 58. Toned. ($2000) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.9364 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 570. As part of the Spanish attempt to quell the Dutch Revolt, Alessandro Farnese laid siege to the city of Brussel. An important economic center and of importance to the rebels, Brussel held out for almost a year. Unlike his predecessor, however, Farnese did not engage in a brutal reprisal against the city’s inhabitants.

1042. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Brussel. Blockaded by the Spanish under Alessandro Farnese, Duca di Parma, 1579-1580. AR 36 Stuiver Klippe (34x34mm, 24.98 g). Dated 1580. Ⴛ PERFER • ET • OBDVRA Ⴛ BRVXELLA, civic coat of arms, · 36 · ST · (mark of value above), 15 80 flanking arms / Blank. Vanhoudt I 255; Gelder, Noodmunten, 160; Delmonte,  Argent  216; Maillet 5; Lasser 1161. In NGC encapsulation, 3356451-008, graded AU 58. Toned. ($1500) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.5915 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 571.

284


1043. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Brussel. Blockaded by the Spanish, 1584-1585. AV 4 Gulden Klippe (23x23mm, 3.39 g). Dated [15]84. · 8 · 4 ·/· D · O · M ·/· BRVXEL ·/LA · CONFIR/ATA/4 G in six lines within quadrate / Incuse of obverse. Vanhoudt I 275; Gelder, Noodmunten, 185; Delmonte, Or 132; Maillet 7; Lasser –. In NGC encapsulation, 4212881-001, graded MS 61. ($15,000) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.1246 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 593 (hammer 20,000 CHF on an estimate of 4000 CHF). Reportedly, a total of 661 examples of this denomination were struck.

Two Collector Issues by Becker

1044 1045 1044. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Brussel. Blockaded by the Spanish, 1584-1585. Pewter 2 Gulden Klippe (27x30mm, 8.36 g). Dies by Carl Wilhelm Becker (1772-1830). Dated [15]84. 84/# D # O # M #/BRVXEL/LA + CON:/FIRMA:/Z G in six lines within quadrate / Blank. Hill 337 var. (issue with additional stamp); cf. Vanhoudt I 277 (for original issue in silver); cf. Gelder, Noodmunten, 188 (same); cf. Delmonte, Argent 224 (same); cf. Maillet 82 (same); Lasser –. VF, toned. ($200) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.93662 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 752.

1045. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Brussel. Blockaded by the Spanish, 1584-1585. PB 2 Gulden Klippe (28x29mm, 12.24 g). Dies by Carl Wilhelm Becker (1772-1830). Dated [15]84. 84/# D # O # M #/BRVXEL/ LA + CON:/FIRMA:/Z G in six lines within quadrate; double-headed imperial eagle stamp below / Blank. Hill 337; cf. Vanhoudt I 277 (for original issue in silver); cf. Gelder, Noodmunten, 188 (same); cf. Delmonte, Argent 224 (same); cf. Maillet 82 (same); Lasser –. Good VF, toned. ($200) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 999.36252 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 751.

285


1046. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Deventer. Blockaded by the States-General, 1578. AR Half Daalder Klippe (32x31mm, 12.55 g). Emission of 9 June 1578. Dated 1578. VRGEN # NEC ESS#DAVE’ · 9 · IVN · 78 : , crowned eagle facing, head left, with wings displayed; additional arms below eagle’s tail in legend / Blank. P&W De60; Gelder, Noodmunten, 142; Fortuyn Droogleever 68; Delmonte, Argent167; Mailliet 7; Lasser 1151; CNM 2.12.84. In NGC encapsulation, 4212888-001, graded AU 53. Deeply toned, numeral 3. twice in India ink on reverse. Rare. ($5000) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.7026 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 566. In order to better protect the areas of Holland and Utrecht from Spanish plundering, the States-General blockaded the city, a form of siege warfare. Victory was achieved when the commander, George van Lalaing, employed the strategic advice offered by Johan van den Kornput, a young Dutch engineer, cartographer, and military strategist.

1047 1048 1047. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Deventer. Blockaded by the States-General, 1578. AV 1½ Dukaat Klippe (25.5x26mm, 5.09 g). Emission of 9 June 1578. Later strike. Dated 1578. VRGE NECESS Ị DAVE 9 · IVN 78 / , crowned eagle facing, head left, with wings displayed; additional arms below eagle’s tail in legend; small I with pellet below between S and D of legend; quadrate stop at end of legend / Blank. P&W –; Gelder, Noodmunten, –; Fortuyn Droogleever –; Delmonte, Or–; cf. Mailliet 1 (ducat); Lasser –; Brause-Mansfeld, pl. 18, 3; CNM –; cf. Künker 264, lot 3262 (for original example). VF. ($1000) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.1235 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 656.

1048. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Haarlem. Besieged by the Spanish under the command of Fernando Álvarez de Toledo y Pimentel, Gran Duque de Alba, 11 December 1572-12 July 1573. AR Half Daalder Klippe (27x28mm, 14.37 g). Emission of 21 December 1572. Coat-of-arms above 1572 ; halve leeuw (lion rampant left [arms of Holland]) stamp above / Blank. P&W Ha 06; Gelder, Noodmunten, 11; Delmonte, Argent, 161; Maillet 26; Lasser 1081; CNM 2.23.11. In NGC encapsulation, 4212890-005, graded AU 53. Toned. ($1500) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.5950 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 480. In late 1572, the Spanish, commanded by Fernando Álvarez, Duke of Alba, besieged Haarlem. With nearly 20,000 troops, the Spanish assumed an easy victory, considering Haarlem had only 6,000 armed men. However, their two attempted assaults (one in December and the next in January of 1573) met with overwhelming resistance and resulted in considerable losses. In an attempt to taunt the Spanish soldiers, the well-supplied townspeople occasionally threw bread over the city walls and mounted statues plundered from Catholic churches on the ramparts. In July 1573, the Spanish were finally able to break the town’s supply line. With its food source gone, Haarlem was forced to surrender, thus ending the 10-month siege. The Spanish, hungry for vengeance, executed more than 1,700 of the town’s citizens.

286


Medal to Commemorate the Recovery of Kamerijk (Cambrai)

1049. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Kamerijk (Cambrai). Besieged by the Spanish, 1581. AR Medal (32x32x33mm, 6.96 g, 12h). Issued to commemorate the entrance of François, Duc d’Alençon into the city, 18 August 1581. Dated 1581. DEO · ET · FRAN CISCO · LIBE RATORIBVS ·, crowned French coat-of-arms / CAMERICI A PERFIDIS · OBSESSI ·, civic coat-of-arms; 15 81 flanking arms; two pellets below A. Van Loon I, p. 295 var. (no pellets at ends of legends); cf. van Tongerlo 110 (for type); Robert, Cambrai 2 and pl. XXXVI, 2; cf. Erbstein 6842 (same); cf. de Coster 161 (same); Delmonte, Argent –; Maillet –; Lasser –; CNM –. Choice EF, toned, die breaks on obverse and reverse. Extremely rare. ($10,000) Ex Bowers & Ruddy Nummus Mundi FPL 3 (Winter 1979-80), no. 360; Howard Gibbs Collection (Part 1, Hans M.F. Schulman, 20 November 1964), lot 4770; Baron Philippe de Ferrari La Renotiere Collection. Following the departure of the Spanish on 17 August 1581, François, duc d’Alençon, entered Kamerijk and, in a solemn ceremony, ordered a reinstatement of the city’s privileges. According to Van Loon’s discussion, following a blast of trumpets, a good number of gold and silver triangular medals were distributed among the crowd. Robert (Cambrai 1-7) lists seven types, some of which were in silver only, some only in gold, and others in both silver and gold. Although they have been known since the sixteenth century and are recorded in ancient collections, they remain extremely rare.

1050. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Kamerijk (Cambrai). Besieged by the Spanish, 1581. PB Daalder Klippe (32x32mm, 28.35 g). Post-siege issue. Later strike. Ḟ · FARNCISCO · PROTECTORE, crowned French coat-of-arms; all within linear and pearl circular border; 15 81 across field; CB stamp above; below, double-headed eagle with shield on breast stamp / Blank. Van Loon –; cf. Robert, Cambrai 3 (issue in silver); cf. Gelder, Noodmunten 166 (same); cf. Delmonte, Argent 218 (same); cf. Maillet 14 (same); cf. Lasser 1163 (same); CNM –. In NGC encapsulation, 4212884-001, graded MS 61. ($500) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.18674 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 577 (where it hammered CHF 1000 on an estimate of CHF 100). After much political wrangling, Willem was able to get the States-General to appoint the Duc d’Anjou as Sovereign Prince and Lord of the Netherlands. By doing so, the Dutch hoped that France would intervene against the Dutch. Although Anjou did not openly declare war on the Spanish, he did provide the Dutch with assistance in the form of 17,000 men. This force was then deployed at Kamerijk, located in the territory of the Habsburg Netherlands (now part of modern France). Alessandro Farnese, the future Duke of Parma and Governor General of the Netherlands soon after laid siege to the city. For almost a year, the citizens and French soldiers suffered terrible privations until Parma, in mid August, was forced to break the siege with the arrival of the Duc d’Anjou and his forces.

287


1052 1051 1051. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Kamerijk (Cambrai). Besieged by the Spanish, 1581. AR Half Daalder Klippe (32x32mm, 11.40 g). Dated 1581. ม FRANCISCO · PROTECTORE, crowned French coat-ofarms; all within linear and pearl circular border; 15 81 across field; CB stamp above; below, double-headed eagle with shield on breast stamp / Blank. Van Loon I, p. 294; Robert, Cambrai 1; Gelder, Noodmunten 167b; Delmonte, Argent 219; Maillet 15 (listed as taler); Lasser –; CNM –. In NGC encapsulation, 3356451-003, graded XF 45. Toned. ($2000) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.18675 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 576.

1052. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Kamerijk (Cambrai). Besieged by the Spanish, 1581. Brass 10 Patard Klippe (23x23.5mm, 11.86 g). Dated 1581. City coat-of-arms; · I58I · above, around below, CAMBRAY in banner decorated with Ⴐ at each end; all within circular pearl border; to left and right, X and P stamps (mark of value) / Blank. Van Loon I, p. 294; Robert, Cambrai 2; Maillet 23; Lasser –; CNM –. VF, darkly stained. ($300) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.18679 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 578 (part of).

1054 1053 1053. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Kamerijk (Cambrai). Besieged by the Spanish, 1581. Brass 10 Patard Klippe (28x28mm, 11.81 g). Dated 1581. City coat-of-arms; · I58I · above, around below, CAMBRAY in banner [decorated at each end; all within circular pearl border] / Blank. Cf. Van Loon I, p. 294 (for type with marks of value); cf. Robert, Cambrai 1-3 (same); Maillet 23 (same); Lasser –; CNM –. Fair, a number of marks. Missing additional stamps of value. ($100) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.18709 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 578 (part of). Even though it lacks the addition of the stamps indicating its value, the weight of this coin confirms that it is a 10 patard.

1054. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Kamerijk (Cambrai). Besieged by the Spanish, 1581. PB 10 Patard Klippe (30x31mm, 16.50 g). Later strike. Dated 1581. City coat-of-arms; I58I above, around below, CAMBRAY in banner decorated with Ⴓ at each end; all within circular pearl border; to left and right, X and P stamps (mark of value); numeral 5 retrograde / Blank. Cf. Van Loon I, p. 294 (for official issue); cf. Robert, Cambrai 3 (same); cf. Maillet 2 (same); Lasser –; CNM –. In NGC encapsulation, 42128841-002, graded MS 61. ($300) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.18680 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 579.

288


1055

1056

1057

1055. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Kamerijk (Cambrai). Besieged by the Spanish, 1581. CU 5 Patard Klippe (24x24mm, 6.20 g). Emission of September 1581. Dated 1581. City coat-of-arms; I58I above, around below, CAMBRAY in banner decorated with Ⴐ at each end; all within circular pearl border; to left and right, II and P stamps (mark of value) / Blank. Van Loon –; Robert, Cambrai, p. 231; Maillet 4; Lasser –; CNM –. In NGC encapsulation, 3356451-005, graded AU 45 BN. ($500) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.18678 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 580.

1056. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Kamerijk (Cambrai). Besieged by the Spanish, 1581. Brass 2 Patard Klippe (21.5x22.5mm, 4.86 g). Emission of September 1581. Dated 1581. City coat-of-arms; I58I above, around below, CAMBRAY in banner decorated with Ⴐ at each end; all within circular pearl border; V stamp (mark of value) below / Blank. Van Loon –; Robert, Cambrai 2; Maillet 33; Lasser –; CNM –. In NGC encapsulation, 3356451-004, graded AU 50 BN. ($500) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.18676 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 581.

1057. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Kamerijk (Cambrai). Besieged by the Spanish, 1581. Brass Patard Klippe (22x23mm, 16.50 g). Emission of September 1581. City coat-of-arms; I stamp (mark of value) below / Blank. Van Loon –; Robert, Cambrai 1; Maillet 52; Lasser –; CNM –. In NGC encapsulation, 3356451-006, graded AU 50 BN. ($500) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.18708 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 582.

1058. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Kamerijk (Cambrai). Besieged by the Spanish, 1595. AR 20 Patard Klippe (30x31mm, 14.90 g). Dated [15]9[5]. HENRICO PROTECTORI, Blank. Van Loon I, p. 458; Robert, Cambrai 1; Maillet 6; Lasser –; CNM –. In NGC encapsulation, 4212824-001, graded AU 55. Toned. ($1500) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.18697 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 598.

289


1059. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Kampen. Besieged by the States-General, 1578. AR 42 Stuiver Klippe (42x44mm). Emission of July 1578. Civic gate; EXTREMVM and SVBSIDIVM above; CAMPEN and 1578 below; 4Z to left, ST to right / Blank. P&W Ka66; Gelder, Noodmunten 136; Delmonte, Argent 210; Mailliet 1; Lasser 1149; CNM 2.30.88. In NGC encapsulation, 4228653-002, graded AU 55. Attractive cabinet tone. A specimen of the type, though in lesser condition, sold in Schulman b.v. 352 (28 January 2017), lot 272 for €6500. ($3000) Kampen was a city that changed hands several times during the Dutch Revolt. Initially taken from the Spanish in 1572, it was voluntary surrendered to the Spanish following the massacre at Zutphen that November. In 1578, George van Lalaing, the commander of the siege at Deventer, retook the city once again from the Spanish.

Two Collector Issues by Becker

1060 1061 1060. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Kampen. Besieged by the States-General, 1578. PB Half Daalder (41x38mm, 28.60 g). Dies by Carl Wilhelm Becker (1772-1830). Dated 1578. EXTREM : SVBSIDI:/15 ᚨ CAMPEN ᚨ 78 in two lines; civic gate stamp above and to left and right; XXI (mark of value) stamped below / Blank. Hill 335; cf. Brause-Mansfeld II, pl. 17, 3 (for issue in silver); otherwise unpublished. VF. ($200) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 999.36252 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 750.

1061. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Kampen. Besieged by the States-General, 1578. AR Half Daalder (38x34mm, 16.18 g). Dies by Carl Wilhelm Becker (1772-1830). EXTREM : SVBSIDI:/15 ᚨ CAMPEN ᚨ 78 in two lines; civic gate stamp above and to left and right; stamped below, eagle facing, head right, with wings displayed / Blank. Hill 335 var. (mark of value instead of eagle); cf. Brause-Mansfeld II, pl. 17, 3 (for issue in silver with mark of value); otherwise unpublished. VF, toned, edge marks. ($200) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 999.7023 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 750.

290


1062. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Leiden. Besieged by the Spanish, 1573-1574. AR 28 Stuiver Klippe (37x36mm, 19.50 g). Dated 1574. ຐ GODT #ຐ# BEHOEDE # ຐ · LEYDEN #, civic coat-of-arms; star above, saltire below; all within ornate frame with tendrils sprouting from vase above; # N # O # V # L # S G # I # P # L # A # C # in band around / ຐ HÆC ຐ LIBERTATIS ຐ ERGO Ṑ, lion rampant left, holding Liberty cap set on pole; 15 74 across field; crown above. P&W Le 05.3; Gelder, Noodmunten, 54c; Delmonte, Argent 169b; Mailliet 24; Lasser 1101; CNM 2.32.9. In NGC encapsulation, 4212885-001, graded AU 58. ($1500) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.26427 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 498 (hammer 5000 CHF on an estimate of 600 CHF). Owing to ill-health of the Duke of Alba, Philip II, keen on prosecuting the war to recover his possessions in the Netherlands, appointed Luis de Zúñiga y Requesens to continue subduing the Dutch. One of the cities that had sided against the Spanish, Leiden was besieged by Resquens from November 1573 to July 1574. To break the siege, the Dutch cut the dikes, and thus enabled ships to carry provisions to the inhabitants of the flooded town. As a reward for the city’s heroic defense, Willem van Oranje the following year granted them a university charter, from which the University of Leiden was established.

1063. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Leiden. Besieged by the Spanish, 1573-1574. AR Quarter Gulden – 14 Stuiver Klippe (31x31mm, 9.71 g). Off-metal strike. Dated 1574. PVGNO ᛮ PRO ᛮ PATRIA ຋ 1574, lion rampant left, holding shield decorated with civic coat-of-arms and scimitar; crown above / # LVG=/DVNVM/•/# BATAVO=/RVM # in five lines within wreath. P&W Le 03.2; Gelder, Noodmunten, 55c; Delmonte, Argent 170a; cf. Mailliet 35; Lasser 1105; CNM 2.32.11. In NGC encapsulation, 4212885-002, graded AU 53. Toned. ($1500) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.1452 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 500.

1064. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Leiden. Besieged by the Spanish, 1573-1574. AR Half Stuiver Klippe (25x24.5mm) (25x24.5mm, 3.54 g). Dated 1574. HEERE # ONTBERMT # HOL #, lion rampant left; crown above; 7 4 across field; ground below / ENDE # SALICHT # LEYDEN, coat-of-arms within ornate frame. P&W Le 04.1; Gelder, Noodmunten, 53d; Delmonte, Argent –; cf. Mailliet 182; Lasser –; CNM 2.32.9. In NGC encapsulation, 4212885003, graded VF 30. Toned. ($1500) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.1450 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 496.

291


Maastricht

a

b

c

d

e

1065. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Maastricht. Besieged by the Spanish, 1579. Group of five (5) CU and Brass denominations. Emissions of 28 April, 14 May, and June 1579. Includes the following emissions: Emission of 28 April 1579 (a) CU Twee stuiver (28mm, 6.44 g, 12h). (star)/TRAIEC/TO (rosette) AB (rosette) HIS/PANIS (rosette) OB/SESSO (rosette) in five lines; in exergue below cornice, II (mark of value) / Raised sword above civic coat-of-arms, pair of rosettes flanking blade, one to left of shield; PRO IVS/TÆ (rosette) CAV/SÆ (rosette) DEFE/NSI ONE/15 79 across field in five lines. CNM 2.33.1. Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.7089. (b) CU Halve stuiver (21mm, 1.50 g, 12h). TRA/AB HISP/OBSES in three lines; in exergue below cornice, civic coat-of-arms flanked by 15 79 / Raised sword, pair of stars above and below; PRO IVS/CAV SÆ (rosette)/DE FEN across field in three lines. CNM 2.33.3. Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 000.999.42472. Emission of 14 May 1579 (c) CU Veerentwintig stuiver (40.5mm, 26.81 g, 11h). Raised sword above civic coat-of-arms; (two rosettes)/(rosette) TRAIEC (rosette)/AB (rosette) HIS (double rosette) OBSES/PRO (rosette) IVS CAV/SÆ DEFESIONE/(rosette) (rosette)/15 79 across field in six lines / (star)/PROTEGE/DNE (rosette)POPVLV/TVVM (double rosette) PROP (rosette)/(rosette) NOMI (rosette) TVI (rosette)/GLORIAM; in exergue below cornice, (rosette) XXIIII (rosette) (mark of value). CNM 2.33.4. Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.7090. (d) Brass Twolf stuiver (31mm, 11.64 g, 6h). (star)/PROTEGE/DNE (rosette) POPVLV/TVVM (rosette) PROP (rosette)/ (rosette) NOMI (rosette) TVI (rosette)/GLORIAM; in exergue below cornice, XXIIII (mark of value) / Raised sword above civic coat-of-arms; TRAIEC/AB HIS OBSES/PRO IVS CAV/SÆ DEFESIONE/15 79 across field in five lines. CNM 2.33.5. Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.7088. Emission of June 1579 (e) CU Zestien stuiver (23mm, 9.94 g, 5h). Hand holding raised sword; (two stars)/TRAIEC/AB · HIS : OBSES/PRO : IVS : CAV/SÆ DEFE SIONE; in exergue below cornice, XVI (mark of value) / PROTE · POPV · TV · PROP · NO · TVI · GLO, civic coat-of-arms surmounted by crested helmet. CNM 2.33.7. Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.22086. Fine to VF condition.

($500)

All coins ex Numismatica Genevensis SA VII (27 November 2012), lot 568.

292


Middelburg

1067 1066 1066. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Middelburg. Besieged by the Watergeuzen, 1572. AR Daalder Klippe (34x34mm, 29.01 g). Emission of 20 December 1572. Dated 1572. +/. D. R. P. /. F. MIDD /· 1· 5· 7· Z in four lines within pearl border; Zeeland coat-of-arms stamp to left, Middelburg coat-of-arms stamp to right; additional Zeeland coat-of-arms stamp above / Blank. P&W Mi 01.1; Gelder, Noodmunten, 36a; Delmonte, Argent 165a; Mailliet 2; Lasser 1087; CNM 2.35.1. In NGC encapsulation, 4228602-001, graded AU 58. Toned. ($1000) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.5964 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 492 (hammer 2000 CHF on an estimate of 800 CHF). In 1559, William the Silent, Prince of Orange, was given the governorship of several Dutch provinces by the Spanish king Philip II. However, William’s good relationship with the Spanish Habsburgs did not last long. William’s frustration with the Spanish arose from several issues. He, along with many Catholic Dutch, was unhappy with the persecutions of non-Catholics. He also thought that the Spanish were undermining the influence of the native Dutch noblemen. Finally, taxation was a contentious issue; the rich merchants of the Netherlands were of the opinion that they were funding an unfairly large share of the Habsburgs’ costly wars. In response to these perceived injustices, William arose as a very popular supporter of the Dutch resistance, helping to form a confederacy dedicated to reducing Spain’s power in the region. When Philip II discovered William’s role in the rebellion, the Prince was stripped of his holdings in the Netherlands. In response, William raised an army and began attacking coastal towns held by the Spanish. In 1572, he besieged Middelburg, a town in the province of Zeeland. The city eventually surrendered in 1574 and was occupied. These events marked the opening phases of the Eighty Years’ War, a long struggle by the Dutch to gain independence from Spain.

1067. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Middelburg. Besieged by the Watergeuzen, 1572. AR Daalder Klippe (34x34mm, 29.00 g). Emission of 20 December 1572. Dated 1572. +/. D. R. P. /. F. MIDD /· 1 · 5 · 7· Z in four lines within pearl border; Zeeland coat-of-arms stamp to left, Middelburg coat-of-arms stamp to right / Blank. P&W Mi 01; Gelder, Noodmunten, 36; Delmonte, Argent 165; Mailliet 22; Lasser 1086; CNM 2.35.1. In NGC encapsulation, 4228602001, graded AU 53. Toned. ($1000) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.57.5962 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 490.

1068. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Middelburg. Besieged by the Watergeuzen, 1572. AR Half Daalder Klippe (29x28mm, 14.58 g). Emission of 20 December 1572. Dated 1572. +/. D. R. P. /. F. MIDD /· 1· 5· 7· Z in four lines within pearl border; Zeeland coat-of-arms stamp to left, Middelburg coat-of-arms stamp to right / Blank. P&W Mi 02; Gelder, Noodmunten, 37; Delmonte, Argent 166; Mailliet 32; Lasser 1088; CNM 2.35.2. In NGC encapsulation, 3748111-003, graded AU 58. Toned. ($1500) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.26429 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 493.

293


1069. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Middelburg. AV Kron – Dukaat Klippe (20x21mm, 3.35 g). Special Issue of Commemoration by the States-General for the Deliverance of the City, 8 February 1574. Emission of March 1574. Dated 1574. · I · 5 ·/· LIBERT:/· REST:/· S · P · Q 3EL:/· SOLI · DEO ·/· HONOR ·/· 7 · 4 · in seven lines within circular pearl border; Zeeland coat-of-arms stamp above / Blank. P&W Mi 06; Gelder, Noodmunten, 42a; Delmonte, Or 920; Mailliet 14; Lasser 1090; CNM 2.35.6. In NGC encapsulation, 4212880-001, graded AU 55. Very rare. ($20,000) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.57.5965 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 488 (where it hammered CHF 26,000 on an estimate of CHF 5000).

1070

1071

1070. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Middelburg. AR Daalder Klippe (38x38mm, 29.43 g). Special Issue of Commemoration by the States-General for the Deliverance of the City, 8 February 1574. Emission of March 1574. Dated 1574. · I · 5· 7 · 4 ·/· LIBERT : REST:/· S · P · Q 3EL:/· SOLI · DEO ·/· HONOR · in five lines, ornaments above and below; all within circular pearl border; Zeeland coat-of-arms stamp above / Blank. P&W Mi 07; Gelder, Noodmunten, 43; Delmonte, Argent167; Mailliet 15; Lasser 1091; CNM 2.35.7. In NGC encapsulation, 4340719-002, graded AU 55. Toned. ($750) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.7101 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 494 (where it hammered CHF 1300 on an estimate of CHF 600).

1071. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Middelburg. AR Daalder Klippe (37x37). Special Issue of Commemoration by the States-General for the Deliverance of the City, 8 February 1574. Emission of March 1574. Dated 1574. · I · 5· 7 · 4 ·/· LIBERT : REST:/· S · P · Q 3EL:/· SOLI · DEO ·/· HONOR · in five lines, ornaments above and below; all within circular pearl border; Zeeland coat-of-arms stamp above / Blank. P&W Mi 07; Gelder, Noodmunten, 43; Delmonte, Argent 167; Mailliet 15; Lasser 1091; CNM 2.35.7. In NGC encapsulation, 4228653-001, graded AU Details, rev graffiti. Toned. ($1000) Purchased from Wade Hinderling, 2012.

294


Oudenaarde

1072. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Oudenaarde. Besieged by the Spanish, 1582. Tin 20 Stuiver Klippe (32x32mm, 15.41 g). DEVS Ⴛ Ⴛ SPES Ⴛ NRA Ⴛ, civic coat-of-arms; 20 · S · (mark of value) above 15 82 below; all within linear and pearl border; above, crowned ⍒ with annulets flanking stamp / Blank. Vanhoudt I 264; Gelder, Noodmunten, 175; Maillet 2; Lasser –; CNM –. In NGC encapsulation, 4212884-003, graded AU 53. ($3000) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.9331 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 583 (hammer 10,000 CHF on an estimate of 500 CHF). The wealthy town of Oudenaarde became Protestant following the Reformation and allied itself with the city of Ghent against Charles V. The prolonged siege of 1582 resulted in the subsequent flight of merchants and nobles, resulting in the town to never recover to its former glory.

1073 1074 1073. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Oudenaarde. Besieged by the Spanish, 1582. Tin 10 Stuiver Klippe (28x27mm, 7.98 g). DEVS · · SPES · NRA ·, civic coat-of-arms; 10 · S · (mark of value) above 15 82 below; all within linear and pearl border; above, civic arms stamp / Blank. Vanhoudt I 265; Gelder, Noodmunten, 176; Maillet 3; Lasser –; CNM –. In NGC encapsulation, 4212884-004, graded AU 58. ($1000) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.9332 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 585.

1074. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Oudenaarde. Besieged by the Spanish, 1582. Tin 2½ Stuiver Klippe (22x21). DEVS · · SPES · NRA ·, crowned A with annulets flanking; _ · (symbol) (mark of value) flanking crown; 15 82 below; all within linear and pearl border; ⍒ stamp above / Blank. Vanhoudt I 267; Gelder, Noodmunten, 178; Maillet 5; Lasser 1167; CNM –. In NGC encapsulation, 3727097-003, graded AU 55. ($300)

295


The Massacre at Oudewater

1075. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Oudewater. Besieged by the Spanish under the command of Gilles van Berlaymont, 19 July-7 August 1575. Tin 20 Stuiver (35mm, 19.52 g). Civic coat-of-arms; in ornate stamps, GODT and MET above 1575 to left ZO (mark of value) to right, ONS below / Blank. P&W Ou 02; Gelder, Noodmunten, 63a; Maillet 2; Lasser –; CNM 2.37.2. In NGC encapsulation, 4212890-001, graded AU 55. ($2000) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.9372 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 502 (hammer 8500 CHF on an estimate of 300 CHF). Culminating in the Oudewater Massacre (Dutch Oudewaterse moord), the siege of Oudewater demonstrates the brutality that often accompanied sieges. In 1568, a Spanish garrison was stationed at Oudewater. On 19 June 1572, a small Dutch force took the city and convinced its inhabitants to join the Dutch Revolt. Following his capture of Buren as part of the Spanish attempt to put down the Dutch Revolt, Gilles van Berlaymont besieged Oudewater for thirteen days. His capture of the town resulted in a bloodbath where many inhabitants were put to the sword, while many others set fire to their own houses to keep their possessions out of the hands of looting soldiers As much as half of the population may have perished in this event. Following Oudewater, van Berlaymont moved on to besiege Schoonhoven. The States of Holland and West Friesland in 1615 authorized an annuity to be paid to the survivors still living, a payment which continued until 1664 when the last survivor died. An annual commemoration of the massacre, which began in 1608, is held on the first Sunday, on or after 7 August.

Schoonhoven

1076 1077 1076. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Schoonhoven. Besieged by the Spanish under the command of Gilles van Berlaymont, 11-24 August 1575. Tin 6 Stuiver Klippe (28x28mm, 14.09 g). Later strike. Dated 1575. Large S; VI (mark of value) above; 1575 below; all within linear circular border / Blank. P&W Sc 02; Gelder, Noodmunten, 66; Mailliet 2 = Van Loon I, p. 206; Lasser 1107; CNM 2.40.4. In NGC encapsulation, 4212890-002, graded XF 45. ($300) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.9374 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 503. On 28 June 1575, between 8,000 and 10,000 Spanish troops under the command of Gilles van Berlaymont, stadhouder for the Spanish crown, successfully captured the town of Buren; on 7 August the capture of Oudewater followed. The Spanish then turned their attention to the Protestant-held Catholic city of Schoonhoven. Assisted by its pro-Spanish mayors, Aart van Gerritse and Gerrit van Couwenhoven, who had been forced to flee, van Berlaymont was able to force the defenders, composed of French, Walloons, English, and Scots, to surrender after a thirteen-day siege. This garrison was then allowed to leave with its baggage and weapons. Among those who left with them were ten of Schoonhoven’s citizens; the remainder received their Spanish liberators with great joy. Now, van Berlaymont moved next to Woerden.

1077. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Schoonhoven. Besieged by the Spanish under the command of Gilles van Berlaymont, 11-24 August 1575. Tin 6 Stuiver Klippe (31x31mm, 22.94 g). Later strike. Dated 1575. Large S; VI (mark of value) above; 1575 below; all within linear circular border / Blank. P&W Sc 02; Gelder, Noodmunten, 66; Mailliet 2 = Van Loon I, p. 206; Lasser 1107; CNM 2.40.4. In NGC encapsulatio32, graded XF 45. Some corrosion. ($300) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.9375 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 504.

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1078. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Woerden. Besieged by the Spanish under the command of Gilles van Berlaymont, 8 September 1575-10 September 1576. Tin 20 Stuiver Klippe (23x29mm, 21.68 g). Dated [15]75. PRO ᚨ ARIS ᚨ ET ᚨ FOCIS 75 ᚨ, civic coat-of-arms; Z O (mark of value) flanking shield; all within double pearl border / ANNO 1576 DEN/24 AVGVSTVS OP/BARTHOLOMMEVS/DAGH · IS : DE STAD/WOERDEN ONT/ZET GEWORDEN/ DOOR DES HEE/REN · KRAGT in eight lines. P&W Wo 02; Gelder, Noodmunten, 72; Mailliet 2 (listed as lead); Lasser –; CNM 2.47.2, but cf. 2.47.8 (for inscription). In NGC encapsulation, 4212877-003, graded XF 45. ($2000) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.9379 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 505. After Schoonhoven, the Spanish under Gilles van Berlaymont next set siege to Woerden. Lasting almost a year, the Spanish withdrew without taking the town, because they were sent to deal with a mutiny in Flanders. The success of the defenders was due, in part, to the assistance of Adriaan van Swieten, who transported supplies to the town from nearby Gouda. In addition, the locals, more familiar with the terrain, used that knowledge to harry the Spanish. During this time occurred the Wonder van Worden, a legendary miracle, also known as “the fish miracle.” Faced with starvation, the citizens were saved by the miraculous appearance of large pike that entered the city via the Oude Rijn. A difficult fish, due to its nasty nature and sharp teeth, they complacently offered themselves to ithe populace for sustenance. This event is commemorated in a stained glass window in Woerden’s Petruskerk.

1079. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Woerden. Besieged by the Spanish under the command of Gilles van Berlaymont, 8 September 1575-10 September 1576. AR 10 Stuiver Klippe (27x27mm, 6.21 g). Later issue. Undated issue. Ⴘ PRO ᚨ ARIS ᚨ ET ᚨ FOCI, civic coat-of-arms; I O (mark of value) flanking shield; all within double pearl border / Blank. P&W Wo 03.1; cf. Gelder, Noodmunten, 73; cf. Mailliet 3 (issue with countermark); Lasser 1110; CNM 2.47.10. In NGC encapsulation, 4212877-004 graded AU 50. ($500) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.9380 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 506.

1080. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Zierikzee. Besieged by the Spanish under the command of Cristóbal de Mondragón, October 1575-29 July 1576. AR Daalder Klippe (38x38.5mm, 29.12 g). Emission of 7 November 1575. Dated 1575. Civic coat-of-arms within circular pearl border; below, 1575 within ornate frame; civic coat-ofarms stamp above / Blank. P&W Zi 01; Gelder, Noodmunten, 81; De Man 3a; Delmonte, Argent 171; Mailliet 6 var. (issue in tin); Lasser 1115 var. (same); CNM 2.50.1. In NGC encapsulation, 4220078-001, graded XF 40. Toned. ($3000) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.1460 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 507 (hammer 8000 CHF on a estimate of 1000 CHF). Situated in Zeeland, Zierikzee, unlike it neighbor Middelburg, sided against the Spanish. Because of its strategic location and importance to the revolt, Zierikzee was besieged from November 1575 to February 1576. The city was eventually compelled to capitulate. In the ensuing negotiations, the Dutch were forced to allow those inhabitants of the city who were Catholic to enjoy religious freedom.

297


1081 1082 1081. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Zierikzee. Besieged by the Spanish under the command of Cristóbal de Mondragón, October 1575-29 July 1576. Tin Daalder Klippe (38x37mm, 27.94 g). Emission of 7 November 1575. Dated 1575. Civic coat-of-arms within circular pearl border; below, 1575 within ornate frame; coat-of-arms of Zeeland stamp above / Blank. P&W Zi 04; Gelder, Noodmunten, 84a; De Man 15; Mailliet 5 var. (date and civic stamps transposed); Lasser 1115; CNM 2.50.6. In NGC encapsulation, 4220078-002, graded XF Details, rev scratched. ($500) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.9384 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 510 (hammer CHF 1600 on an estimate of 500 CHF).

1082. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Zierikzee. Besieged by the Spanish under the command of Cristóbal de Mondragón, October 1575-29 July 1576. AR Half Daalder Klippe (31x30mm, 9.99 g). Later strike. Dated 1575. Civic coat-of-arms within circular pearl border; below, 1575 within ornate frame; above civic coat-of-arms stamp / Blank. Cf. P&W Zi 11; cf. Gelder, Noodmunten, 85d; De Man 8; cf. Delmonte, Argent 176; Mailliet –; Lasser –; cf. CNM 2.50.26 (all refs for 1576 kwaart daalder). In NGC encapsulation, 4212885-003, graded AU 58. Toned. Collector number (3./3.) in two lines in India ink on reverse. ($1000) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.9388 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 508.

1083

1084

1083. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Zierikzee. Besieged by the Spanish under the command of Cristóbal de Mondragón, October 1575-29 July 1576. AR Quarter Daalder (32mm, 7.22 g). Later strike. Dated 1575. Civic coat-of-arms within circular pearl border; above, 1575 within ornate frame; civic stamp above / Blank. Cf. P&W Zi 06 (issue in tin; date and civic stamp transposed); cf. Gelder, Noodmunten, 86; cf. De Man 22 (issue in tin); cf. Delmonte,  Argent 176 (for civic coat-of-arms); cf. Mailliet 162; Lasser –; cf. CNM 2.50.12 (issue in tin; date and civic stamp transposed). In NGC encapsulation, 4212877-002, graded AU 58. Collector number (4./7.) in two lines in India ink on reverse. ($750) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.9383 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 509.

1084. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Zierikzee. Besieged by the Spanish under the command of Cristóbal de Mondragón, October 1575-29 July 1576. AR Daalder Klippe (34x34mm, 28.38 g). Emission of July 1576. Dated 1576. · แ ·/· REGIÆ/MAT RECON/CILIATA · ZI/RIZEA · ZẠ/· IVLY · AO/· 1576 · in seven lines / Blank. P&W Zi 13; Gelder, Noodmunten, 93a; De Man 38; Delmonte, Argent 177; Mailliet 20; Lasser 1116; CNM 2.50.19. In NGC encapsulation, 4235558-001, graded XF 45. Toned. ($3000) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.9390 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 517 (where it hammered CHF 6000 on a CHF 800 estimate).

298


1085 1086 1085. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Zierikzee. Besieged by the Spanish under the command of Cristóbal de Mondragón, October 1575-29 July 1576. AR Half Daalder Klippe (30x31mm, 10.23 g). Later strike. Dated 1576. Civic coat-of-arms within circular pearl border; below, 1576 within ornate frame; above civic coat-of-arms stamp / Blank. Cf. P&W Zi 11 (kwart daalder); Gelder, Noodmunten, 85d; De Man –; Delmonte, Argent 176; Mailliet –; Lasser –; CNM 2.50.26. In NGC encapsulation, 3748154-006, graded AU 55. Toned. ($500) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.9389 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 515.

1086. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Zierikzee. Besieged by the Spanish under the command of Cristóbal de Mondragón, October 1575-29 July 1576. AR Half Daalder Klippe (26x27mm, 7.14 g). Emission of 28 February 1576. Dated 1576. Civic coat-of-arms within circular pearl border; below, 1576 within ornate frame; civic coatof-arms stamp above / Blank. Cf. P&W Zi 10; Gelder, Noodmunten, 90a; De Man 5a; Delmonte, Argent 175; cf. Mailliet 18; Lasser –; CNM 2.50.16. In NGC encapsulation, 4212877-002, graded VF 30. Very rare. ($3000) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.9386 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 516 (hammer CHF 12,000 on an estimate of 1000 CHF).

1087. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Zierikzee. Besieged by the Spanish under the command of Cristóbal de Mondragón, October 1575-29 July 1576. AV Quarter Daalder (24mm, 3.23 g). Later strike. Dated 1576. Civic coat-of-arms within circular pearl border; below, 1575 within ornate frame; above civic coat-of-arms stamp / Incuse of obverse. P&W –; Gelder, Noodmunten, 91c; cf. De Man 23 (issue in tin); cf. Mailliet 17 (for issue in tin without civic stamp); Lasser –; CNM 2.50.33 var. (Zeeland stamp; same dies). In NGC encapsulation, 4212877-001, graded AU 58. Traces of double strike. Very rare. ($2000) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.9287 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 513.

1088. DUTCH REVOLT (Nederlandse Opstand), Low Countries. Zierikzee. Besieged by the Spanish under the command of Cristóbal de Mondragón, October 1575-29 July 1576. Tin Quarter Daalder (26mm, 6.77 g). Later strike. Civic coat-of-arms within circular pearl border; civic stamp below / Blank. P&W Zi 06 var. (issue with date); cf. Gelder, Noodmunten, 86; cf. De Man 23 (issue with date); Mailliet 16; Lasser –; CNM 2.50.37 var. (issue without civic stamp). In NGC encapsulation, 3748154-005, graded XF Details, tooled. Toned, collector information (Zierkzee/1577/Mailliet/CXXXI 9) on reverse. ($500) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.18701 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 512.

299


The Strasbourg Bishops’ War

1089. STRASBOURG BISHOPS’ WAR (Bischöflicher Krieg), Germany. Straßburg. Besieged by the Roman Catholic bishop, Herzog Karl von Lothringen, 1592. AR 80 Kreuzer Klippe (33x34mm). Dated 1592. Coat-of-arms of the PrinceBishop; below, coats-of-arms of the cathedral chapter and city of Straßburg; 15 9Z flanking upper shield; 80 (mark of value) in exergue; all within wreath / Blank. E&L 448; Mailliet 1; Brause-Mansfeld I, pl. 25, 2; Lasser 1188. In NGC encapsulation, 3596008-002, graded VF 35. ($300) Taking place between 1592 and 1604, the Strasbourg Bishops’ War was a conflict between Protestants and Catholics for control of the Bishopric of the city. One of two sectarian wars that broke out within the Holy Roman Empire between the 1555 Peace of Augsburg and the outbreak of the Thirty Years’ War in 1618, it proved to be less bloody than the other sectarian war, the 1583-1588 Truchsessischer Krieg over control of Köln. Benefitting from the Peace of Augsburg, Straßburg enjoyed a larger amount of autonomy, status as an important trading center, and the site of a prestigious university. This university initially attracted radical thinkers of both religious sides. By the beginning of the war, both the University and the town were strongly Protestant. When the city’s bishop, Johann von Manderscheid, died, Protestants, fearing that the Catholic Karl von Lothringen would stand for election as the new bishop (which he did), seized the episcopal offices and appointed fifteen-year-old Johann Georg, son of the Elector of Brandenburg, in the hopes that Protestant Germany would rally behind them. In addition, the Protestants acquired a loan of 300,000 florins from Friedrich I, Duke of Württemburg, to assist their cause. The Catholic prelates meanwhile fled to Saverne, and in exile, elected Karl as bishop. With the support of his younger brother Franz, Karl moved from Saverne to take Straßburg. Owing to the unwillingnes of the Holy Roman Emperor, Rudolf II, to intervene, Henri IV, King of France – a Protestant who had converted to Catholicism – brokered a truce by dividing the bishopric between the contending prelates. Ultimately, Johann Georg passed the bishopric to Karl in return for Oberkirch, a German district that passed to the House of Württemburg

The Thirty Years’ War Fought primarily in Central Europe between 1618 and 1648, The Thirty Years’ War was one of the longest and most destructive of the religious wars of the seventeenth century. Approximately eight million fatalities resulted from a combination of civilian violence, famine and plagues, as well as direct military engagements, including sieges. The majority of victims were inhabitants of the  Holy Roman Empire, with the remainder being foreign mercenaries. So traumatic was this war that it still remains in the memory of the region’s inhabitants, few of whose ancestors were not in some way affected. Beginning as a localized conflict between various Protestant and Catholic states in the fragmented Holy Roman Empire, the war developed into a broader conflict involving most of the great European powers. With these states utilizing large mercenary armies, the war became less religious in motivation and more of a rivalry for European political dominance. The election of Ferdinand II as Holy Roman Emperor provided the catalyst for the war. An ardent Catholic, he wanted to restore Roman Catholicism to the Imperial domains and suppress Protestantism. The northern Protestant states, angered by the violation of their rights to choose that had been granted to them in the 1555 Peace of Augsburg by Charles V, banded together to form the Protestant Union. As a result, the Protestant Bohemians revolted against their nominal ruler, Ferdinand II. After the so-called Defenestration of Prague, which violently  deposed the Emperor’s representatives there, both Protestants and Catholics prepared for all-out war. The Bohemians elected the Protestant Frederick V, Elector of the Rhine Palatinate as the new king of the Kingdom of Bohemia. The mainly Roman Catholic southern states, led by Bavaria, formed the Catholic League to expel Frederick in support of the Emperor. At the Battle of White Mountain, the emperor crushed the rebellious Bohemians and shortly after, executed its leading aristocrats. The universal Protestant condemnation of the Emperor’s action at White Mountain escalated the war to a broader, more poltical, war. Following the events in Bohemia, Saxony threw its support to the Union. Sweden, then a rising military power, intervened in 1630 under its king Gustavus Adolphus, “The Lion of the North,” transforming what had initially been an imperial attempt to curb the Protestant states into a full-scale European war. His death at the Battle of Lützen in 1632 proved to be a serious blow for Protestant leadership. Spain, which had hoped to end the Dutch Revolt once and for all and crush the young Republic, intervened under the pretext of helping Austria. No longer able to tolerate the presence of Habsburg Spain and the Holy Roman Empire on its borders, Catholic France joined the Protestant side. Entire regions were devastated by famine and disease. Germany and Italy, Bohemia, and the Southern Netherlands all suffered from high death rates. Sieges occurred frequently as mercenaries and soldiers in fighting armies looted or extorted tribute for money. Finally, Europe, torn by this conflict, underwent a mania of witch burnings. Of all the European states, The Dutch Republic benefitted from the Thirty Years’ War. It was a time of great prosperity and development for the Republic. Known as the Gouden Eeuw, or Dutch Golden Age, the Dutch Republic became one of the world’s foremost economic and naval powers. The Treaty of Westphalia in 1648, with additional treaties at Osnabrück and Münster, dramatically changed the political European landscape from a medieval to modern one. Borders of modern nation-states were emerging, the Bourbons in France were poised to dominate the second half of the seventeenth century under Louis XIV, Habsburg domination was on the down-swing, and Sweden emerged as a great power. This new balance of power set the stage for the great wars of the rest of the seventeenth and on into the eighteenth century.

300


1090

1091

1090. THIRTY YEARS’ WAR (Dreißigjähriger Krieg), Germany. Breisach. Besieged by the Swedes, 1633. AR Zwölfbatzner – 48 Kreuzer Klippe (31x31mm, 16.59 g). Dated 1633. Coats-of-arms of Austria, Elsaß, and Breisach, with sixpetaled flower above · between arms of Austria and Elsaß; · 1 · 6 · 33 · above; XL VIII flanking arms of Breisach; all within linear and pearl circular border / Blank. Berstett 88; Mailliet 34; Brause-Mansfeld I, pl. 57, 28. Good VF, toned. ($500) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.57.5006 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 640.

1091. THIRTY YEARS’ WAR (Dreißigjähriger Krieg), Germany. Frankenthal. Besieged by the Catholic League under General Tilly, Summer 1622-29 March 1623. AR 2 Gulden Klippe (24x25mm, 14.14 g). Dated 1623. ❈ ი GOTT ი IST ი VNSER ი ECKSTEIN ი, tetrahedron; 16 23 across field; F below; numeral 2 stamp at bottom / Blank. Ehrend 7; Mailliet 5; Brause-Mansfeld I, pl. 10, 5; Lasser –. In NGC encapsulation, 4212824-002, graded AU 53. ($1500) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.7041 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 616.

Collector’s Piece by Becker

1092. THIRTY YEARS’ WAR (Dreißigjähriger Krieg), Germany. Frankenthal. Besieged by the Catholic League under General Tilly, Summer 1622-29 March 1623. AR 2 Gulden Klippe (25x25mm, 7.95 g). Dies by Carl Wilhelm Becker (1772-1830). Dated 1623. FRANCKENTHALER ი NOTH ი M ი 16 ი 23 ი, tetrahedron; Ṉ F Ṉ below / Blank. Hill 345; cf. Ehrend 7b; Mailliet –; cf. Brause-Mansfeld I, pl. 10, 7; Lasser –. In NGC encapsulation, 3748111-005, graded XF 45. ($300) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.7040 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 755.

301


1093. THIRTY YEARS’ WAR (Dreißigjähriger Krieg), Germany. Frankenthal. Besieged by the Catholic League under General Tilly, Summer 1622-29 March 1623. AR 15 Batzen (22x21mm, 9.74 g). Dated 1623. FRANCKENTHALER ი NOTH ი M ი 16 ი 23 ი, tetrahedron; BATZ/XV in two lines below / Blank. Ehrend 9; Mailliet –; Brause-Mansfeld I, pl. 10,7. Good VF. ($1500) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.7039 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 615.

1094. THIRTY YEARS’ WAR (Dreißigjähriger Krieg), Germany. Jülich. Dutch-held fortress besieged by the Spanish under Ambrosio Spínola, Marqués de los Balbases, 5 September 1621-3 February 1622. AR 20 Stuber (36mm, 8.88 g). Dated 1621. Large FP monogram (for Friedrich Pithan, governor of Jülich); ·: I6 ZI ·:· and · IN GVL=/ BE LE= across field; G below; around, six similar stamps, but each with 4 S (mark of value) in place of legend / Blank. Mailliet 16; cf. Brause-Mansfeld I, pl. 13, 12; Noss 525. In NGC encapsulation, 4212885-004, graded AU 53. Overstruck on an uncertain undertype. ($5000) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.7029 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 606. When the last duke of Jülich-Kleves-Berg died in 1609, a controversy over his territory broke out. The Elector of Brandenburg and the Count of Neuburg entered an agreement in which they would split the territory between themselves. Holy Roman Emperor Rudolf II was not happy with these terms. He sent Archduke Leopold V, his cousin, to serve as the administrator of the disputed duchy. Leopold set up his headquarters in the fortress at Jülich, which was handed over to him by Baron Johann von Reuschenberg. The fortress, now under the control of the Holy Roman Empire, was besieged in 1610 by a large force composed of nations hostile to the Habsburgs. This siege prompted Leopold and Johann von Reuschenberg to abandon Jülich. After the siege, the Count of Neuburg and Elector of Brandenburg put into effect their original plan to split the territory of Jülich-Kleves-Berg. They put the Dutchman Frederik Pithan in control of the fortress at Jülich. This, in effect, meant that the United Provinces controlled the fortress. In 1621, when the Dutch ceasefire with Spain expired, Spain invaded the United Provinces and besieged the Jülich fortress. After a costly siege, Spain took the fortress.

1095. THIRTY YEARS’ WAR (Dreißigjähriger Krieg), Germany. Jülich. Dutch-held fortress besieged by the Spanish under Ambrosio Spínola, Marqués de los Balbases, 5 September 1621-3 February 1622. AR 12 Stube Klippe (26.5x26.5mm, 5.61 g). Dated 1621. Large FP monogram (for Friedrich Pithan, governor of Jülich); · I6 ZI · and · IN GVL=/ BE LE= across field; G= below / Blank. Mailliet –; cf. Brause-Mansfeld I, pl. 14, 11; Noss –; cf. Gemini VI, lot 926 (for type); cf. Künker 122, lot 4329 (issue with undertype visible). Good VF, toned. Overstruck on a teston of Johann Reinhard I of Hanau-Lichtenberg (cf. Suchier 322 [for type]). ($1000) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.7035 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 610.

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1096. THIRTY YEARS’ WAR (Dreißigjähriger Krieg), Germany. Jülich. Dutch-held fortress besieged by the Spanish under Ambrosio Spínola, Marqués de los Balbases, 5 September 1621-3 February 1622. AR 2 Stube Klippe (12x13mm, 0.66 g). Dated 1621. Large FP monogram (for Friedrich Pithan, governor of Jülich); I6 ZI and Z S (mark of value) across field / Blank. Mailliet 22; Brause-Mansfeld I, pl. 14, 10. VF, toned. Rare denomination and choice for issue. ($1000) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.7035 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 613.

1097. THIRTY YEARS’ WAR (Dreißigjähriger Krieg), Germany. Minden. Besieged by Georg, Herzog von Braunschweig und Lüneburg, 24 July-24 October 1634. AR 8 Groschen Klippe (20x21mm, 4.14 g, 6h). Dated 1634. • პ •/ MINDA/OBSESSA/• 1 • 6 • 3 • 4 •/• in five lines / • 8 •/GROS •/CHEN •/• პ • in four lines; c/m: crossed keys in incuse. Stange 175; cf. Mailliet 1; Brause-Mansfeld I, pl. 19, 4; Lasser –. In NGC encapsulation, 4212828-004, graded AU 53. ($300) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.58075 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 644.

1099 1098 1098. THIRTY YEARS’ WAR (Dertigjarige Oorlog), Low Countries. Ariën-aan-de-Leie. Besieged by the French under the command of Charles de la Porte, Marquis de Meilleraye, Maréchal de France, June 1641. AR 2 Pond (22x23mm, 6.54 g). Dated 1641. PHIL. IIII/REX./PATER/PATRIÆ/ARIA OBS./I64I. II in six lines / Blank. Vanhoudt I 463; Mailliet 3; Haeck, Munten 806. In NGC encapsulation, 4212824-003, graded XF 40. ($2000) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.3481 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 645. Located in the County of Artois, which became part of the Spanish Netherlands under the Union of Arras in 1579, Ariën-aan-de-Leie was besieged several times in 1641 by the Spanish and French during the Franco-Spanish War (1635-1659). In June of that year, the Spanish were besieged by French troops under the command of Charles de la Porte, Marquis de Meilleraye, Maréchal de France.

1099. THIRTY YEARS’ WAR (Dertigjarige Oorlog), Low Countries. Ariën-aan-de-Leie. Besieged by the French under the command of Charles de la Porte, Marquis de Meilleraye, Maréchal de France, June 1641. AR Pond (19x19mm, 4.27 g). Dated 1641. PHIL. IIII/REX./PATER/PATRIÆ/ARIA OBS./I64I. I in six lines / Blank. Vanhoudt I 464; Mailliet 3; Haeck, Munten 807. In NGC encapsulation, 4212824-004, graded VF 30. ($1000) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.3480 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 647.

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1100

1101

1100. THIRTY YEARS’ WAR (Dertigjarige Oorlog), Low Countries. Ariën-aan-de-Leie. Besieged by the Spanish, 1641. AR 2 Pond (32x32mm, 9.76 g). Dated 1641. LVD. XIII/REX PIVS/IVSTVS/INVICTVS./ARIAVNO AO/BIS OBSES./ I64I. in seven lines / Blank. Van Loon II p. 254; Mailliet 4; Brause-Mansfeld II pl. 9, 1; Lasser 1197. In NGC encapsulation, 4212824-004, XF Details, graffiti. ($3000) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.34370 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 649.

1101. THIRTY YEARS’ WAR (Dertigjarige Oorlog), Low Countries. Ariën-aan-de-Leie. Besieged by the Spanish, 1641. AR Pond (29x29mm, 4.74 g). Dated 1641. LVD. XIII/REX PIVS/IVSTVS/INVICTVS./ARIAVNO AO/BIS OBSES./ I64I. in seven lines / Incuse of obverse. Van Loon II p. 254; cf. Mailliet 4; Brause-Mansfeld II pl. 9, 1; cf. Lasser 1199 (example in tin). In NGC encapsulation, 4212824-006, graded XF 45. ($2000) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.3439 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 651.

1102. THIRTY YEARS’ WAR (Wojna trzydziestoletnia), Poland. Wrocław (Breslau). CU 3 Grošy (33x33mm, 20.39 g). Emergency issue. Dated 1645. Large Ѿ surmounted by crowned tablet inscribed 1645; above; 3 · (gS) (mark of value); additional A · S within circular pelleted border stamp / Blank. F&S 3493 (described as 3 heller); cf. Mailliet 6-7 (for type); Brettauer 3321. VF, brown surfaces. ($300)

The Münster Civic Insurrection

1103. MÜNSTER CIVIC INSURRECTION (Stadt gegen Fürstbischof), Germany. Münster. Besieged by its prince-bishop, Christoph Bernhard Freiherr von Galen, 1660. AR Reichstaler Klippe (34x34mm). Dated 1660. MONAST : WESTPH : OBSESSVM · 1660, civic coat-of-arms / Blank. Peus 50; Mailliet 2; Brause-Mansfeld I, pl. 20, 4; Lasser –. In NGC encapsulation, 3356437-003, graded MS 62. ($500) As one of the terms of the Peace of Westphalia, the town of Münster was to be ruled by a Catholic prince-bishop. Not long after the treaty was signed, the citizens of Münster rebelled against their ruler, Bishop Christoph Bernhard von Galen. Their goal was to raise Münster to the rank of an imperial free city, thus removing it from the influence of a local prince. In response, Bishop von Galen and his powerful army besieged the city, eventually putting down the insurrection and regaining control in March of 1661. This klippe is an emergency issue minted during the siege.

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THE FRANCO-DUTCH WAR The Franco-Dutch War, sometimes called the Dutch War (1672-1678), was a conflict between the Dutch Republic and a coalition composed of France, Sweden, the Bishoprics of Münster and Köln (Cologne), and England. The lands of the Austrian Habsburgs, Brandenburg-Prussia, and Spain, later joined with the Dutch Republic to form the Quadruple Alliance. The first year of the war is often known as het Rampjaar (the Disaster Year), because a full-scale invasion by English, French, and German forces took the Dutch Republic completely by surprise. Following his defeat of the Fronde, and now king in his own right, Louis XIV (1643-1715), considering the Dutch to be economic rivals, seditious republicans, and Protestant heretics, began to prepare for war with the Dutch Republic. This was a slow process, since the two nations had been allies since the time of the Dutch Revolt. The Dutch signing of the Triple Alliance in 1668 with England and Sweden in support of Spain changed this arrangement since it checked French expansion in the Spanish Netherlands in the French War of Devolution (1667-1668). Carefully, Louis shifted the alliances of England and Sweden away from the Republic. Then, through a series of maneuvers, the French forces, along with an English expeditionary force, occupied the seven provinces.The Dutch public panicked and rioted. In the ensuing chaos, the brothers Johan and Cornelis de Witt, were seized and lynched by a mob, who believed that the brothers were involved in an attempt to assassinate William of Nassau (later William III of England). William was proclaimed stadhouder. France’s promises to England stiffened Dutch resistance. The siege of Groningen then failed, and a series of Dutch naval victories under Admiral Michiel de Ruyter turned the tide toward the Dutch. At this same time, the Dutch were acquiring allies. Brandenburg-Prussia, the Holy Roman Emperor, and Charles II of Spain. In 1673, Louis turned away from the Dutch and turned to the Spanish Netherlands. At Maastricht, where Louis personally oversaw French operations, the commander of the musketeers, Charles d’Artagnan, perished. Among the English delegation overseeing the battle was a young John Churchill, who would distinguish himself in the War of the Spanish Succession (1701-1714), as the 1st Duke of Marlborough.. From 1676 through 1678, Louis’ main strategy was to undermine this new coalition. The marriage of Mary, the daughter of Charles II to William of Nassau, meant that now England would be on the side of the Dutch. Louis quickly tried to campaign before the English could re-enter the war against him. After victories at Ghent and Ypres, Louis gained considerable territory through the Treaty of Nijmegen, which ended the war in 1678.

1104

1105

1104. FRANCO-DUTCH WAR (Hollandse Oorlog), Low Countries. Deventer. Besieged by Christoph Bernhard Freiherr von Galen, Bishop of Münster, 1672. AR Rijksdaalder Klippe (33x35mm, 28.03 g). Emission of 18 May 1672. Dated 1672. Crowned eagle facing, head left, with wings displayed above Ao 1672., Blank. P&W De66; Fortuyn Droogleever  187; Delmonte,  Argent 696; Mailliet 13; Lasser 1208; CNM 2.12.93. In NGC encapsulation, 4212320-003, graded AU 55. Toned. ($2000) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.5922 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 679 (hammer CHF 4500).

1105. FRANCO-DUTCH WAR (Hollandse Oorlog), Low Countries. Deventer. Besieged by Christoph Bernhard Freiherr von Galen, Bishop of Münster, 1672. AR Half Rijksdaalder (32x31mm, 11.31 g). Emission of 18 May 1672. Later restrike. Dated 1672. Crowned eagle facing, head left, with wings displayed above Ao J672, Blank. Cf. P&W De67 (for original issue); cf. Fortuyn Droogleever 187 (same); cf. Delmonte, Argent 697 (same); cf. Mailliet 14 (same); cf. Lasser 1209 (same); cf. CNM 2.12.90 (same). From NGC encapsulation, 4212825-001, graded AU 53. Toned. ($2000) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.57.5925 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 680.

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1106 1107 1106. FRANCO-DUTCH WAR (Hollandse Oorlog), Low Countries. Deventer. Besieged by Christoph Bernhard Freiherr von Galen, Bishop of Münster, 1672. AR Quarter Rijksdaalder (23x24mm, 7.09 g). Emission of 18 May 1672. Dated 1672. Crowned eagle facing, head left, with wings displayed above Ao J672, Blank. P&W De68; Fortuyn Droogleever 188; Delmonte, Argent698; Mailliet 15; Lasser 1210; CNM 2.12.91 (same dies as illustration). In NGC encapsulation, 3748111004, graded XF 45. Toned. ($1000) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.57.5929 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 685.

1107. FRANCO-DUTCH WAR (Hollandse Oorlog), Low Countries. Deventer. Besieged by Christoph Bernhard Freiherr von Galen, Bishop of Münster, 1672. AR Quarter Rijksdaalder Klippe (24x23mm, 6.90 g). Emission of 18 May 1672. Dated 1672. Crowned eagle facing, head left, with wings displayed above Ao J672, Blank. P&W De68; Fortuyn Droogleever  188; Delmonte,  Argent698; Mailliet 15; Lasser 1210; CNM 2.12.91 (same dies as illustration). From NGC encapsulation, 3748199-001, graded VF 30. Toned. ($750) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.5930 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 686.

1108 1109 1108. FRANCO-DUTCH WAR (Hollandse Oorlog), Low Countries. Groningen. Besieged by Christoph Bernhard Freiherr von Galen, Bishop of Münster, 1672. AR Rijksdaalder Klippe (34x34mm). Dated 1672. · IVRE · · ET · TEMPORE · 1672 ·, crowned coat-of-arms; 50 and ST (mark of value) flanking shield / Blank. Van der Wis type 3; P&W Go17.1; Delmonte, Argent 736; Mailliet 5; Lasser 1214; CNM 2.20.2. In NGC encapsulation, 4212825-005, graded AU 58. ($500) 1109. FRANCO-DUTCH WAR (Hollandse Oorlog), Low Countries. Groningen. Besieged by Christoph Bernhard Freiherr von Galen, Bishop of Münster, 1672. AR Rijksdaalder Klippe (34x34mm). Dated 1672. · IVRE · · ET · TEMPORE · 1672 ·, crowned coat-of-arms; 50 and ST (mark of value) flanking shield / Blank. Van der Wis type 3; P&W Go17.1; Delmonte, Argent 736; Mailliet 5; Lasser 1214; CNM 2.20.2. In NGC encapsulation, 4212825-004, graded AU 55. Collector number (4./10.) in two lines in India ink on reverse. ($300)

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1110 1112 1111 1110. FRANCO-DUTCH WAR (Hollandse Oorlog), Low Countries. Groningen. Besieged by Christoph Bernhard Freiherr von Galen, Bishop of Münster, 1672. AR Quarter Rijksdaalder Klippe (23x23mm, 7.24 g). Dated 1672. · IVRE · · ET · TEMPORE · · 1672 ·, crowned coat-of-arms; 12½ and ST (mark of value) flanking shield / Blank. Van der Wis type 4; P&W Go19; Delmonte, Argent 738; Mailliet 7; Lasser 1216; CNM 2.20.4. Good VF, toned. ($200) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.7058 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 709 (part of).

1111. FRANCO-DUTCH WAR (Hollandse Oorlog), Low Countries. Groningen. Besieged by Christoph Bernhard Freiherr von Galen, Bishop of Münster, 1672. AR Quarter Rijksdaalder Klippe (24.5x25mm, 7.14 g). Dated 1672. · IVRE · · ET · TEMPORE · · 1672 ·, crowned coat-of-arms; 12½ and ST (mark of value) flanking shield / Blank. Van der Wis type 4; P&W Go19; Delmonte, Argent 738; Mailliet 7; Lasser 1216; CNM 2.20.4. VF, toned. ($300) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.57.5937 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 708 (part of).

1112. FRANCO-DUTCH WAR (Hollandse Oorlog), Low Countries. Groningen. Besieged by Christoph Bernhard Freiherr von Galen, Bishop of Münster, 1672. AR Eighth Rijksdaalder Klippe (20x19.5mm, 3.51 g). Dated 1672. IVRE · · ET · TEMPORE · 1672, crowned coat-of-arms; 6¼ and ST (mark of value) flanking shield / Blank. Van der Wis type 4; P&W Go20; Delmonte, Argent, p. 173 note; Mailliet 8; Lasser 1217; CNM 2.20.5. VF, toned. ($200) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.57.5940 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 715 (part of).

1113. FRANCO-DUTCH WAR (Hollandse Oorlog), Low Countries. Kampen. Besieged by Christoph Bernhard Freiherr von Galen, Bishop of Münster, 1672. AR Gedenkpenning (43mm, 27.97 g, 12h). Later strike. Dated 1672. Civic coat-of-arms; CAMPEN below / NE =/CESSITAS/ALTERA ·/· 1672 · in four lines. Cf. P&W Ka69 (for original issue); cf. Delmonte, Argent 710 (same); cf. Davenport 4987 (same; listed as taler); cf. Mailliet 13 (same); cf. Lasser 1212 (same); cf. CNM 2.30.95 (same). VF, toned, evidence of possibly haviung been in jewelry. ($2000) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.5921 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 676.

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The War of the Spanish Succession In 1701, a Grand Alliance against Louis was established. Consisting of England (after 1707, Great Britain), the Dutch Republic, and the Holy Roman Empire, their candidate was Charles, the son of Leopold I. By this point, however, the Empire was weakened by the increasing independence of German states within it. Now, Catholic Bavaria allied itself with France. William III, Louis’ chief rival, had died shortly after the war began. His sister-in-law Anne succeeded him. The new queen relied on John Churchill, the 1st Duke of Marlborough, as her commander. His victories at Blenheim, Ramilies, Oudenaard, and Malplaquet, sealed his reputation as a great general. By 1710, however, the situation was at a standstill. Churchill’s victories in the Low Countries were offset by the Alliance’s defeat in Spain. The war’s cost made unpopular in Britain. The succession of the Alliance candidate to the throne of Austria made an Austro-Spanish union no better to Britain than the Franco-Spanish one that made them join the Alliance in the first place. Now, with the Tories in power, the administration of Robert Harley initiated peace talks with France and ceased active military participation, much to the consternation of Churchill and the Whigs. Without British support, the other Allies were forced to make peace. Under the treaties of Utrecht in 1713, and Rastatt and Baden in 1714, Phillip renounced his claim to the French throne and was confirmed as King of Spain. Spain retained its overseas possessions, while their European territories were divided between Austria, Britain, and Savoy. In the long run, Britain emerged as the leading European maritime and commercial power, bringing to an end almost a century of Dutch influence and the end of the Dutch Republic as a major power. The break-up of the Holy Roman Empire continued, paving the way for the creation of more powerful German states, most notably Prussia.

1114. WAR OF THE SPANISH SUCCESSION (Spanischer Erbfolgekrieg), Germany. Landau. Besieged by the French under the command of Claude Louis Hector, Duc de Villars and Maréchal, 6 June-20 August 1713. AR 2 Gulden 8 Kreuzer Klippe (38x39). Dated 1713. Crowned ducal coat-of-arms of Württemburg-Winnental, framed by Jagdorden, C · A · H · Z · W · around, I V · across field, 17 13 below; in upper stamp: PRO/CAES : & IMP: in two lines; in lower stamp: BEL : LANDAU/2. FL : 8 x. in two lines; in corner stamps: crowned CA monogram / Blank. Klein & Raff 220.3; Davenport 2377; Mailliet 53; Brause-Mansfeld I, pl. 15, 3; Lasser 1226. In NGC encapsulation, 4340719-001, graded MS 62. ($1000)

1115 1116 1115. WAR OF THE SPANISH SUCCESSION (Spanischer Erbfolgekrieg), Germany. Landau. Besieged by the French under the command of Claude Louis Hector, Duc de Villars and Maréchal, 6 June-20 August 1713. AR 1 Gulden 4 Kreuzer Klippe (37.5x37mm, 10.09 g). Dated 1713. Crowned ducal coat-of-arms of Württemburg-Winnental, framed by Jagdorden, C · A · H · Z · W · around, I V · across field, 17 13 below; in upper stamp: PRO/CAES : & IMP: in two lines; in lower stamp: BEL : LANDAU/1. FL : 4 x. in two lines; in corner stamps: crowned CA monogram / Blank. Klein & Raff 221.1; Mailliet 7; Brause-Mansfeld I, pl. 15, 43; Lasser 1227. EF, toned. Attractive. ($1000) 1116. WAR OF THE SPANISH SUCCESSION (Spanischer Erbfolgekrieg), Germany. Landau. Besieged by the French under the command of Claude Louis Hector, Duc de Villars and Maréchal, 6 June-20 August 1713. AR 1 Gulden 4 Kreuzer Klippe (36x37mm, 10.53  g). Dated 1713. Crowned ducal coat-of-arms of Württemburg-Winnental, framed by Jagdorden, C · A · H · Z · W · around, I V · across field, 17 13 below; in upper stamp: PRO/CAES : & IMP: in two lines; in lower stamp: BEL : LANDAU/1. FL : 4 x. in two lines; in corner stamps: crowned CA monogram / Blank. Klein & Raff 221.1; cf. Davenport 2377; Mailliet 7. Near EF, toned, holed for suspension. ($300) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.70781 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 738 .

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1117 1118 1117. WAR OF THE SPANISH SUCCESSION (Spanischer Erbfolgekrieg), Germany. Landau. Besieged by the French under the command of Claude Louis Hector, Duc de Villars and Maréchal, 6 June-20 August 1713. AR 1 Gulden 4 Kreuzer Klippe (34x37mm, 10.21 g). Dated 1713. Crowned ducal coat-of-arms of Württemburg-Winnental, framed by Jagdorden, C · A · H · Z · W · around, I V · across field, 17 13 below; in upper stamp: PRO/CAES : & IMP: in two lines; in lower stamp: BEL : LANDAU/1. FL : 4 x. in two lines; in corner stamps: crowned CA monogram / Blank. Klein & Raff 221.1; cf. Davenport 2377; Mailliet 7. VF, toned. ($1000) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.7081 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 739 .

1118. WAR OF THE SPANISH SUCCESSION (Spanischer Erbfolgekrieg), Germany. Landau. Besieged by the French under the command of Claude Louis Hector, Duc de Villars and Maréchal, 6 June-20 August 1713. AR Half Gulden 2 Kreuzer Klippe (25x25mm). Dated 1713. Crowned ducal coat-of-arms of Württemburg-Winnental, framed by Jagdorden, C · A · H · Z · W · around, I V · across field, 17 13 below; in upper stamp: PRO/CAES : & IMP: in two lines; in lower stamp: BEL : LANDAU/½. FL : 2 x. in two lines; in corner stamps: crowned CA monogram / Blank. Klein & Raff 222; Mailliet 8; Brause-Mansfeld I, pl. 15, 4; Lasser 1228. In NGC encapsulation, 3497197-005, graded MS 62. ($500)

1119 1120 1121 1119. WAR OF THE SPANISH SUCCESSION (Spaanse Successieoorlog), Low Countries. Ariën-aan-de-Leie. Besieged by the Austrian and English troops under the command of John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough and FrançoisEugène de Savoie, September-11 November 1710. AR 50 Sols Klippe (31x27mm, 15.40 g). Dated 1710. (Sacred Heart) PRO · REGE · ET · PATRIA · ARIA · 50 · OBṢ, coat-of-arms of the Marquis de Goesbriand, governor of the town; 17 10 flanking shield / Blank. Mailliet 5; Brause-Mansfeld I, pl. 9, 4; Haeck, Munten 144; Lasser –. In NGC encapsulation, 4212828-001, graded MS 62. Exceptional deep cabinet tone. ($1000) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.7066 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 732. Throughout its history, the town of Ariën-aan-de-Leie was besieged numerous times. During the War of the Spanish Succession, the Alliance forces, under the command of John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough and François-Eugène de Savoie laid siege to the town with Marlborough’s headquarters near the Priory of St. Andrew.After a siege of two months, the Marquis de Goesbriand, governor of the town, surrendered, handing over the city keys to Marlborough.

1120. WAR OF THE SPANISH SUCCESSION (Spaanse Successieoorlog), Low Countries. Ariën-aan-de-Leie. Besieged by the Austrian and English troops under the command of John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough and FrançoisEugène de Savoie, September-11 November 1710. AR 50 Sols Klippe (29x30mm, 15.43 g). Dated 1710. (Sacred Heart) PRO · REGE · ET · PATRIA · ARIA · 50 · OBṢ, coat-of-arms of the Marquis de Goesbriand, governor of the town; 17 10 flanking shield / Blank. Mailliet 5; Brause-Mansfeld I, pl. 9, 4; Haeck, Munten 144; Lasser –. In NGC encapsulation, 4212825-011, graded AU 55. ($750) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.70698 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 734.

1121. WAR OF THE SPANISH SUCCESSION (Spaanse Successieoorlog), Low Countries. Ariën-aan-de-Leie. Besieged by the Austrian and English troops under the command of John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough and FrançoisEugène de Savoie, September-11 November 1710. AR 25 Sols Klippe (25x26mm, 7.33 g). Dated 1710. PRO · REGE · ET · PATRIA · ARIA · 25 · OBṢ, coat-of-arms of the Marquis de Goesbriand, governor of the town; 17 10 flanking shield / Blank. Mailliet 6; Brause-Mansfeld I, pl. 9, 3; Haeck, Munten 146; Lasser –. In NGC encapsulation, 4212825-012, graded AU 55. ($750) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.7068 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 735.

309


1122. WAR OF THE SPANISH SUCCESSION (Spaanse Successieoorlog), Low Countries. Doornik (Tournai). Besieged by the Allies, 1709. AR 20 Sols (29x21mm, 6.44 g). M . DE SVRVILLE, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust of the Marquis de Surville left; 20 (mark of value) above; tower (mintmark) below / Blank. Vanhoudt I 524; Hoc 603-22; Delmonte, Argent 363; Maillet 14; Lasser 1221–; CNM –. In NGC encapsulation, 4212825-007, graded MS 64. Iridescent toning. Exceptional. ($500) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.7070 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 726.

1123 1124 1123. WAR OF THE SPANISH SUCCESSION (Spaanse Successieoorlog), Low Countries. Doornik (Tournai). Besieged by the Allies, 1709. AR 20 Sols (23x22mm, 7.00 g). M . DE SVRVILLE, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust of the Marquis de Surville left; 20 (mark of value) above; tower (mintmark) below / Blank. Vanhoudt I 524; Hoc 603-22; Delmonte, Argent 363; Maillet 14; Lasser 1221–; CNM –. Removed from NGC encapsulation, 4212825-010, graded VF 25. Toned. ($200) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.7074 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 729 (part of).

1124. WAR OF THE SPANISH SUCCESSION (Spaanse Successieoorlog), Low Countries. Doornik (Tournai). Besieged by the Allies, 1709. AR 20 Sols (24x24.5mm, 6.83 g). M . DE SVRVILLE, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust of the Marquis de Surville left; 20 (mark of value) above; tower (mintmark) below / Blank. Vanhoudt I 524; Hoc 603-22; Delmonte, Argent 363; Maillet 14; Lasser 1221–; CNM –. Removed from NGC encapsulation, 4212825-009, graded F 12. Toned. ($200) Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection, ANS 1001.1.18705 (Numismatica Genevensis SA VII, 27 November 2012), lot 730 (part of).

Photos reduced

1125. Van Loon, Gerard. Beschryving der Nederlandsche historipenningen: Of beknopt Verhaal van’t gene sedert de overdracht der heerschappye van keyzer Karel den Vyfden op koning Philips zynen zoon, Tot het sluyten van den uytrechtschen vreede, in de zeventien Nederlandsche Gewesten is voorgevallen. .Amsterdam. 1723. Four volumes containing over 2464 total pages of descriptions and supplementary materia, with high quality inline engravings of coins and medals. Hardbound in original leather / The four volume Dutch publication of Van Loon’s magisterial reference on historical medals and siege coins issued from 1556 to 1716. Clain-Stefanelli 14855*. Very Fine condition, some loosening at spines, text tight, typical toning of pages. An essential set for collectors of this period with useful contemporary discussion in Dutch. ($2000) The collector’s personal copy, included because it cites the Kamerijk medal.

310


BRITISH COINAGE

1126 1127 1126. CELTIC, Atrebates & Regni. Uninscribed. Circa 55-45 BC. AV Stater (19.5mm, 5.79 g, 1h). Selsey Two-Faced (Remic Qa) type. Devolved head of Apollo right / Celticized horse right; ornaments around, wheel below. Bean Q1-3; Van Arsdell 210-1; ABC 485; SCBC 38. Superb EF. Much as struck with considerable luster. ($2000) 1127. CELTIC, Trinovantes & Catuvellauni. Cunobelin. Circa AD 8-41. AV Stater (18.5mm, 5.35  g, 10h). Wild (Trinovantian U) type. Camulodunum (Colchester) mint. Grain ear without central linear stalk; CA Âu flanking / Horse leaping right; branch and small star above, pellet-in-annulet and CuNO below. Allen, Cunobelin 69–89 var. (unlisted dies); Van Arsdell 1933-7; ABC 2783; SCBC 283. EF, well centered. ($2000)

1128

1129

1128. CELTIC, North-Eastern series (‘Corieltauvi’). Uninscribed. Circa 60-50 BC. AV Stater (17.5mm, 5.89 g, 8h). North East Coast - Three Line (Corieltauvian B) type. Devolved head of Apollo right / Disjointed horse left; star to left, ‘sun’ below, ornaments around, three lines below (the middle dotted). Van Arsdell 805-11; ABC 1734; SCBC 29. Good VF, lightly toned. ($750) 1129. CELTIC, North-Eastern series (‘Corieltauvi’). Volisios Dumnocoveros. Circa AD 35-40. AV Stater (19.5mm, 5.09 g, 3h). Vertical wreath perpendicularly over three lines, between which is inscribed uO-L[i]/Íi-O[Í]; ring of pellets and three-armed spiral ring in opposite quarters / Lunate horse left; three pellets below head, DuÂ-NOCO-&P-OÍ around. Van Arsdell 978-1; ABC 1980; SCBC 416. EF. Rare in this grade. ($2000)

1.5:1

2:1

1.5:1

1130. ANGLO-SAXON, Primary Sceattas. Circa 715-720. AR Sceatt (12mm, 0.89 g, 6h). Series Z, type 66. Mint in East Anglia or Mercia. Facing head (of Christ or Wodan?) with curled mustache and forked beard; outward crescents at sides / Quadruped standing right, tail between legs; wavy line above. Abramson 102.15; SCBI 69 (Abramson), 116; SCBC 782. EF, toned, small flaw in field on reverse. Very rare. ($3000)

311


1.5:1 1.5:1 1131 1132 1131. ANGLO-SAXON, Continental Sceattas. Circa 715-750. AR Sceatt (13mm, 0.76 g). Hexagon (Star of David/ Herstal) type. Mint in Austrasia or Frisia. Cross within Star of David-like design; pellets around / Central cross with radiating lines and pellets around, and cross above. Abramson 109.10; SCBI 69 (Abramson), 817; SCBC 796. VF, toned, minor edge loss, some porosity. Rare. ($500) 1132. ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of Northumbria. Eadberht. 737-758. AR Sceatt (12.5mm, 1.02 g, 11h). Class A. York mint. ⌓ÀčB⌓ʼƆͻєl•, cross pattée / Quadruped standing right, raising foreleg. Booth, Sceattas, Class Ai (unlisted dies); Pirie, Guide 2.1a-b; SCBI 63 (BM), 758; SCBC 847. Good VF, toned, off center. ($300)

1.5:1 1133

1.5:1 1134

1133. ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of Northumbria. Alchred. 765-774. AR Sceatt (14.5mm, 1.24 g, 7h). York mint.  down right side,  down left side, both read from outside, cross pattée / Quadruped standing right, raising foreleg; small cross pommée below. Booth, Sceattas 14 (dies M/l); Pirie, Guide 2.5b var. (legend); SCBI 69 (Abramson), 864 (same obv. die); SCBC 849. Good VF, toned. Rare. ($1500) 1134. ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of Northumbria. Æthelred I, with Archbishop Eanbald I. First reign, 774-779/80. AR Sceatt (13mm, 1.05 g, 11h). York mint.  , cross pattée /  , pellet within dotted circle. Booth, Coinage, var. iv, 55 = SCBI 48 (Northern), 208 var. (legends); Pirie, Guide 2.8c var. (cross not pellet on rev.); SCBC 855; CNG 64, lot 1611 (same dies). VF, lightly toned. Very rare. ($750)

ANGLO-SAXON COLLECTORS

Please see lot 799, above, for a very rare Anglo-Carolingian penny imitating English horizontal-rosette type.

1135. ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of Wessex. Alfred the Great. 871-899. AR Penny (19mm, 1.25 g, 12h). London monogram type (BMC vi). London mint. Struck circa 880. ®ዥዟያ ዞዝ ያዞҢ, diademed bust right / Londonia monogram, central O filled with pellets; small crosses pattée above. SCBI 9 (Ashmolean), 248; BMC 91 var. (additional symbols on rev.); North 644; SCBC 1061. Good Fine, deeply toned, rim perforation, some marks. Rare. ($1500) Ex Glendining (13 March 1974), lot 81; C. Anthony Collection, purchased by Seaby in 1948.

1136. ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of All England. Æthelred II. 978-1016. AR Penny (20.5mm, 1.26 g, 9h). First Hand type (BMC iia, Hild. B1). Lincoln mint; Ubeinn, moneyer. Struck circa 991. Diademed bust right / ฾ ѝዦBዒዧŶ ⍵!ɭ ⌦Ɨë, manus Dei descending from clouds; barred © ѽ flanking. Mossop – (dies A/d [unlisted die combination]); North 766; SCBC 1144. VF, darkly toned, a couple of light marks under tone. ($500) 312


1138

1137

1137. ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of All England. Harold I Harefoot. 1035-1040. AR Penny (18.5mm, 1.09 g, 9h). Fleurde-Lis type (BMC v, Hild. B). Lincoln mint; Ubeinn, moneyer. Struck 1038-1040. Diademed bust left; shield and lis-tipped scepter before / ม üɭ ⌦ŭ⎀ Ɨ⍵ ɭ; ⌦ኋü, voided long cross; pellet in circle in center, fleur-de-lis (flanked by pellets) in angles. Mossop 22 var. (dies A/– [unlisted rev. die]); North 803; SCBC 1165. VF, toned. ($1000) 1138. ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of All England. Harold II. 1066. AR Penny (19mm, 1.45 g, 4h). Pax type (BMC i). York mint; Arnketill, moneyer. Crowned head left; trefoil-tipped scepter before / ม ዞያ⎴⌐ዞͿዞዥ ɭn ዞɭዟ, ዩaX across central field. SCBI 29 (Merseyside), 843; North 836; SCBC 1186. VF, toned, some weakness in legends. ($2000)

1140

1139

1139. NORMAN. William I ‘the Conqueror’. 1066-1087. AR Penny (20mm, 1.42 g, 9h). Paxs type (BMC viii). Hythe mint; Eadræd, moneyer. Struck circa 1083-1086. Crowned facing bust, holding scepter / ม eĕʽeĕ ɭn ƊዢTe, cross pattée; letters of ʖ a ҟ ˨ in annulets within quarters. SCBI 20 (Mack), 1428 (same dies); BMC 711 (same dies); North 848; SCBC 1257. VF, toned, rusty obverse die as usual, minor surface lamination. Very rare mint. ($1500) Ex Sotheby (19 April 1993), lot 129; Glendining (24 May 1972), lot 667; Richard Cyril Lockett Collection (English Part I, Glendining, 6 June 1955), lot 970 (part of).

1140. NORMAN. William I ‘the Conqueror’. 1066-1087. AR Penny (19.5mm, 1.36 g, 9h). Paxs type (BMC viii). Salisbury mint; Godwine, moneyer. Struck circa 1083-1086. Crowned facing bust, holding scepter / ม gɠዝዩዢn⌓ ɭዧ Sዢ⌓ያ, cross pattée; letters of ʖ a ҟ ˨ in annulets within quarters. EMC 1300.0190 (same obv. die); North 848; SCBC 1257. VF, toned. ($500)

Ex Pimprez Hoard

1141. NORMAN. Stephen. 1135-1154. AR Penny (17.5mm, 1.38 g, 6h). Cross moline (Watford) type (BMC i). Exeter mint; Beorhtwi–, moneyer. Struck circa 1136-1145. Crowned bust right, holding lis-tipped scepter / [ม] B[...]Ḧ ɭn Ḧ ⌓ҟü⌓S Ḧ, cross moline. Pimprez 386 (this coin); Mack –; North 873; SCBC 1278. Good VF, a little off center on reverse. Very strong portrait. Rare. ($1500) Ex Pimprez Hoard (Spink 170, 7 October 2004), lot 465.

313


1142. PLANTAGENET. Edward III. 1327-1377. AV Noble (34mm, 7.81 g, 2h). Fourth coinage, Post-Treaty period, Group I. Calais mint. Struck 1369-1377. ი ED ѾaRD Ḻ DEi Ḻ ŷ Ḻ RE # Ҟ # aNŷ # ⎖ # fRa Ḻ DNS Ḻ ƌһÙ # ⎖ # ¥ʠ Ϳ, Edward standing facing in ship, holding sword and shield; ornaments -11-11, ropes 3/3, quatrefoils 4/4, lis 4; crescent on forecastle / ส iƌý Ḻ aѝͿEM Ḻ ͿRaNSiENS Ḻ ʖER Ḻ MEDiѝ Ḻ iǣǣɨRѝM Ḻ iÝ¥Ϳ, voided short cross potent over cross fleurée, pellets flanking top and bottom lis; in each angle, crown over lion passant over voided trefoil; at center, retrograde ý within quadrilobe; all within polylobe, with trefoils in spandrels. Lawrence 5 (this coin illustrated on pl. XX, 1); Doubleday 299; Schneider –; North 1279; SCBC 1522/1508. Good VF, struck from slightly worn dies. Very rare. ($3000) A seldom encountered Noble struck shortly after the rupture of the Treaty of Bretigny in June 1369 and resumption of hostilities between England and France. In BNJ 24 (1943), C. A. Whitton argued that this coin was part of an improvised issue at the Calais mint using a London obverse die that bore Edward III’s restored title as king of France paired with an old Treaty period reverse die.

1143. PLANTAGENET (ANGLO-GALLIC). Edward the Black Prince. As Prince of Aquitaine, 1362-1372. AV Hardi d’Or (26.5mm, 3.95 g, 6h). Bordeaux mint. Struck circa 1368–1371/2. ๘ Ŀĕ= ḥ Pɭ ḥ ŷɀ˫ ḥ ˆĿŷƱ˫ ḥ ⌃ɀŷȄƱĿ ḥ Pɀ˫ ḥ ⌃ʠƱͿ⌃ɀƱĿ, half-length figure of Edward facing, wearing plain diadem, holding sword in left hand and pointing at it with his right, within tressure of arches / ๘ Ḧ ⌃ҞƱȄƱ⎍⍴ ḥ ⍴Ŀ⎍⍴ ḥ ⌃ ḥ ĕɭ⍴Ʊɀɭ ḥ Ï Ḧ, cross quernée, with quatrefoil at center; leopards and lis alternating in angles; all within tressure of arches. AGC 178, 3/a; Elias 161; Elias Collection 250 var. (obv. legend); Schneider 60 var. (same); Duplessy, Féodales 1122; Poey d’Avant 2940; SCBC 8128. Superb EF, unobtrusive mark in obverse legend. Well struck and with remarkably detailed portrait. ($15,000) Humphrey Sutherland praised the restraint and foresight of the unknown master who designed this type, who “in age when sumptuous decoration of all redundant space was the normal fashion, was content - and dared - to leave the field totally devoid of ornament within its encircling tressure. By this means he concentrated upon this larger and more personal portrait, so lifelike in its almost voluptuous forms, an emphasis which the Italian artists themselves were only just beginning to estimate and enjoy.” Art In Coinage, p. 154.

314


1144.

PLANTAGENET. Richard II. 1377-1399. AV Noble (40mm, 7.73 g, 10h). Type IIC, ‘porcine’ style. Calais mint.

ˆƱý ¨ˆĕ Ḻ ĕĚƱ Ḻ ŷˆ¨ Ḻ ˆĚҞ Ḻ ¨ɀŷǮ Ḻ ĕɀ˫ Ḻ ƌӎB Ḻ Ԥ Ḻ ¨ʠѝƱ˶, Richard standing facing in ship; flag at stern, voided quatrefoil over sail, ornaments 1-1-1-1, ropes 3/1, quatrefoils 4/4 / ๘ ƱƌĚ Ḻ ¨ѝ˶Ěȶ Ḻ ˶ˆ¨ɀ˫ƱĚɀ˫ Ḻ PĚˆ Ḻ ȶĚĕƱѝȶ Ḻ ƱǮǮɨˆѝȶ Ḻ ƱB¨˶, ornate cross with lis at ends and small R in center; crowned lion over trefoil in each quarter. Schneider 155

(same dies); North 1307(1); SCBC 1661. Good VF, small mark on obverse. An excellent example of this rare and distinctive ‘porcine’ type. ($7500) Struck from an obverse die first used at London (cf. Schneider 154), then altered for use at Calais with the addition of a flag.

1145. LANCASTER. Henry VI. First reign, 1422-1461. AV Noble (34mm, 7.04 g, 11h). Annulet issue. Tower (London) mint; im: lis. Struck 1422-1427. ƌ ENˆiý= ჭ Di= $ ŷˆ¨= $ ˆEҞ $ ¨NŷȄ= $ ⎜ $ fˆ¨Ný= $ DN=S $ ƌһÝ=, Henry standing facing in ship, holding sword and shield; annulet to left of hand, ornaments: 1-1-1 (Type B), quatrefoils: 3/3, N type 3 in legend / Ⴀ iƌ=ý ᚨ ¨ѝͿ= ⍿ Ϳˆ¨NSiENS ⍿ ʖEˆ ⍿ MEDiѝM ⍿ iǣǣɨˆѝ= ⍿ iݨͿ, cross fleurée over voided short cross potent; at center, ƌ within quatrefoil; in each angle, crown above lion passant; all within double polylobe, with annulet in one spandrel and trefoil (type 2) in all others; N type 4 in legend. Whitton, Heavy 6c; Schneider 282; North 1414; SCBC 1799. Good VF, light orange tone, a couple of very light marks on ship’s hull. ($3000)

1146. LANCASTER. Henry VI. First reign, 1422-1461. AV Quarter Noble (15mm, 1.72 g, 8h). Annulet issue. Tower (London) mint; im: lis. Struck 1422-1427. ƌENˆiý= ჭ Di= $ ŷˆ¨= $ ˆEҞ $ ¨NŷȄ=, coat-of-arms; small lis above; all within polylobe with trefoil cusps / ჭ EҞaǴͿaÝiͿѝr (mullet-in-annulet) iN ი ŶǴɨria, cross fleurée with lis at ends and in center; in each angle, lion passant left over trefoil; all within polylobe, with pellet in spandrels. Whitton, Heavy 1b; Schneider –; North 1420; SCBC 1810. Good VF, light marks. Struck on a full round flan. ($750) Very rare with mullet-in-annulet in reverse legend; of the 43 examples of SCBC 1810 on CoinArchives, only one of this variety (Goldberg 59, lot 3057, hammer $2100).

315


1147. YORK. Edward IV. First reign, 1461-1470. AV Ryal – Rose Noble (29.5mm, 7.50 g, 11h). Second (Light) coinage, type VIII. York mint; im: lis. Struck 1467-1470. Edward standing facing in ship, holding sword and shield; Ŀ on banner at stern, rose on hull, small Ŀ in waves / Radiant sun, with rose in center, over floreate cross with lis at ends; in each quarter, crown above lion passant left; all within tressure of eight arches, with trefoils in spandrels. Blunt & Whitton type VIII, var. 1; Schneider (Additions) 423A; North 1553; SCBC 1957. Fine, creased. Rare. ($1000)

1148. YORK (Restored). Edward IV. Second reign, 1471-1483. AV Angel (22mm, 5.15 g, 10h). Tower (London) mint; im: heraldic cinquefoil. Struck 1480-1483. Archangel Michael slaying the Dragon / Ship bearing shield and cross, E Ⴙ flanking cross. Blunt & Whitton type XXI; cf. Schneider 467-8; North 1626; SCBC 2091. VF, light orange tone. ($2000)

1149 1150 1149. TUDOR. Henry VIII. 1509-1547. AR Groat (26mm, 2.51 g, 6h). Third coinage. York mint. Struck 1544-1547. Crowned and mantled bust 3 facing slightly right / Coat-of-arms over long cross fourchée. Whitton p. 311, a; North 1848; SCBC 2374. Good VF, toned. Struck on a round flan, with better silver quality than usual. ($750) Ex Triton XV (3 January 2012), lot 1913.

1150. TUDOR. Edward VI. 1547-1553. AV Crown (19mm, 3.09 g, 1h). In the name of Henry VIII. Tower (London) mint; im: arrow. Struck 1547-1551. Crowned double rose; crowned ƌ r flanking / Crowned coat-of-arms; crowned ƌ r flanking. Schneider 649 var. (stops); North 1867; SCBC 2395. Near VF, weak in parts as usual. Rare. ($1500)

1151. TUDOR. Edward VI. 1547-1553. AV Half Sovereign (24mm, 5.30 g, 5h). Second period. Tower (London) mint; im: arrow. Struck 1549. Ⴏ SCVTVM შ FIDEI შ PROTEGET შ EVM შ, bareheaded and armored bust right / Ⴏ EDWARD’ / VI ; D’ / G’ / AGL’ / FRA’ / Z ; HIB’ ; REX ;, crowned coat-of-arms; E R flanking. Potter, Coinage, type 1(b); Schneider 670 var. (stops on rev.); North 1908; SCBC 2435. Near VF, attractive reddish tone. Bold portrait. ($4000) 316


1152. TUDOR. Edward VI. 1547-1553. AV Half Sovereign (23.5mm, 4.74 g, 1h). Third period. Tower (London) mint; im: tun. Struck 1551-1553. Crowned and armored bust right, holding sword and globus cruciger / Crowned coat-of-arms; E R flanking. Schneider 694–7 var. (legends); North 1928; SCBC 2451. Near VF, a little clipped, minor marks on reverse. ($2500)

1153. TUDOR. Edward VI. 1547-1553. AR Crown (42mm, 30.67 g, 4h). Third period; Fine Silver issue. Tower (London) mint; im: У. Dated 1551. Edward on horseback riding right; 1551 below / Coat-of-arms over long cross fourchée. North 1933; SCBC 2478. Fine, toned, a few striking stress fractures, and light marks, X graffito on reverse. ($750) Ex Classical Numismatic Group 102 (18 May 2016), lot 1519.

1154. TUDOR. Elizabeth I. 1558-1603. AV Angel (29.5mm, 5.22 g, 5h). Sixth issue. Tower (London) mint; im: crescent. Struck 1587-1589. Archangel Michael slaying dragon to lower right, spear topped by cross-crosslet / Ship bearing shield and cross; Є and rose flanking cross. Brown & Comber C35; Schneider 789 var. (stops); North 2005; SCBC 2531. VF, toned. ($2500)

1155. TUDOR. Elizabeth I. 1558-1603. AV Half Pound (31mm, 5.53 g, 11h). Sixth issue. Tower mint; im: woolpack. Struck 1594-1596. (woolpack) ELIZABETH : D’ · G’ · ANG’ · FRA’ · ET : HI’ · REGINA ·, crowned bust (B&C type 8B) left / (woolpack) SCVTVM FIDEI · PROTEGET · EAM ·, crowned coat-of-arms; E R flanking. Brown & Comber G26; Schneider 810 var. (stops); North 2009; SCBC 2535. VF, lightly toned. Pleasing. ($5000) 317


1156. TUDOR. Elizabeth I. 1558-1603. AR Crown (40mm, 29.56 g, 8h). Seventh issue. Tower (London) mint; im: 1. Struck 1601. Crowned and draped bust (B&C type 9A) left, holding lis-tipped scepter and orb, and wearing elaborate collar / Coat-of-arms over long cross fourchée. Barr dies F/6; North 2012; SCBC 2582. Fine, toned. ($1500)

1157. TUDOR. Elizabeth I. 1558-1603. AV Pound (33.5mm, 10.99 g, 6h). Seventh issue. Tower mint; im: 2. Struck 16021603. 2 : ELIZABETH · D’ · G’ · ANG’ · FRA’ · ET · HIB’ · REGINA ·, crowned bust (B&C type 8A) left / 2 : SCVTVM · FIDEI · PROTEGET · EAM ·, crowned royal shield with ornate border; E R flanking. Brown & Comber F24; Schneider 806; North 2008; SCBC 2539. VF, a little soft on portrait, light graffiti in fields. Rare final issue of reign. ($5000)

1158. STUART. James I. 1603-1625. AR Crown (44mm, 29.72 g, 2h). First coinage. Tower (London) mint; im: thistle. Struck 1603-1604. (thistle) · IACOBVS · D’ · G’ · ANG’ · SCO’ · FRAN’ · ET · HIB’ · REX, James, crowned and wearing armor, right on caparisoned horse, holding raised sword and reins / (thistle) · EXVRGAT · DEVS · DISSPENTVR · INIMICI ·, garnished coat-of-arms. Cooper, English dies II/III; North 2070; SCBC 2643. VF, toned. Struck on a broad flan. ($3000) Ex Spink 214 (26 September 2012), lot 594; Alan Barr Collection (Part III, Mark Rasmussen FPL 8, Summer 2005), no. 176. Lot includes two Spink tickets in the hand of May Sinclair (Eaglen D24E-1).

318


1159. STUART. James I. 1603-1625. AV Laurel – 20 Shillings (36mm, 9.01 g, 8h). Third coinage. Tower (London) mint; im: rose. Struck 1620-1621. ḥ · IACOBVS D : G : MAG : BRI : FRA : ET HIB : REX ·, laureate, draped, and armored (third) bust left; XX (mark of value) behind / FACIAM EOS IN GENTIAM VNAM ḥ , crowned coat-of-arms over long cross fourchée. Schneider 84 var. (no stops on obv.); North 2113; SCBC 2638A. Good VF, lustrous. ($3000)

1160 1161 1160. STUART. Charles I. 1625-1649. AV Unite (34.5mm, 9.03 g, 1h). Group A, Class II. Tower (London) mint; im: lis. Struck 1625. Crowned bust (1) left; XX (mark of value) to right / Crowned coat-of-arms; shield in ornate frame with standard garniture (type 2). Schneider, Tower, variety 6; Brooker 22; Schneider 115 var. (legends); North 2146; SCBC 2685. VF, a little weak in parts. ($2000) 1161. STUART. Charles I. 1625-1649. AR Sixpence (24mm, 2.90 g, 3h). Group A, type I. Tower (London) mint; im: lis. Dated 1625. Bust 1 left, crowned and mantled; VI (mark of value) to right / Square-topped coat-of-arms over long cross fourchée; I6 25 across upper field. Brooker 571 (this coin); North 2235; SCBC 2805. VF, toned. Choice for issue. ($500) Ex Ian Gordon Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 90, 23 May 2012), lot 2523; CNG Inventory 883178 (November 2010); S. Alfred Bole Collection (Part I, Dix Noonan Webb 89, 29 September 2010), lot 1539; John G. Brooker Collection (includes ticket; purchased from Spink, 5 September 1974).

‘Fine Work’ Unite

1162. STUART. Charles I. 1625-1649. AV Unite (35mm, 9.07 g, 5h). Group C, Class IIa, bust 3a, ‘Fine work’. Tower (London) mint; im: plume. Struck 1631. · (plume) · CAROLVS’· D : G : MAG’· BRIT’· FR’· ET · HIB’· REX, crowned and mantled bust (3a) left, wearing ruff; XX (mark of value) to right / FLORENT · CONCORDIA · REGNA · (plume) ·, crowned coat-of-arms. Schneider, Tower, pl. XVI, 7/pl. XVII, 29; Brooker –; Schneider 137; North 2150; SCBC 2690. Good VF, richly toned. A piece of ‘fine work,’ struck on a specially prepared full, round flan. Very rare. ($10,000) Ex Sotheby’s (2 February 1986), lot 90; Spink 4 (22 February 1979), lot 803. In early 1631, the gold coinage was redesigned. A stylish new bust was introduced paired with a crowned oval shield of arms on the reverse. This change coincided with the increased involvement of the engraver Nicholas Briot in the mint. A concerted effort to improve the quality of production appears to have been undertaken in anticipation of Briot’s first milled issue later that year. A series of beautiful proofs were struck. Some of the dies of these proof issues ‘were subsequently released for general use and it is not surprising that in many cases they have produced coins with a superior finish and a rather smoother and more glossy surface than coins struck from the standard dies of the current issue.’ – Herbert Schneider, “The Tower Gold of Charles I” in BNJ 1956, p. 343.

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1163. STUART. Charles I. 1625-1649. AR Sixpence (25mm, 3.01 g, 6h). Briot’s First Milled issue. Tower (London) mint under Briot; im: в and flower/-. Struck 1631-1632. Crowned bust left; ·VI· (mark of value) to right / Square-topped coat-ofarms over long cross moline. Brooker 718 (same dies); North 2235; SCBC 2855. Good VF, toned. ($750) Ex Ian Gordon Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 91, 19 September 2012), lot 1529; CNG Inventory 883179 (November 2010); S. Alfred Bole Collection (Part I, Dix Noonan Webb 89, 29 September 2010), lot 1606; ‘Property of a Gentleman’ Collection (Spink 55, 8 October 1986), lot 220.

1164. STUART. Charles I. 1625-1649. AR Half Pound (27.5mm, 59.36 g, 3h). Declaration type. Oxford mint; im: plume (with bands). Dated 1642. (plume) CAROLVS : D : G : MAGN : BRIT : FRAN : ET : HIB : REX ·, Charles, holding reins with left hand and sword in right, on horseback left, trampling arms below; plume to right / EXVRGAT : DEVS : DISSIPENTVR : INIMICI ·:·:·, RELIG : PROT : LEG/ANG : LIBER : PAR in two lines between parallel lines; three plumes and · X · (mark of value) above, 1642 below. Morrieson, Oxford A/2; Brooker 868 (same dies); North 2404; SCBC 2945. Good VF, toned. Struck on a broad flan. ($5000)

1165. STUART. Charles I. 1625-1649. AR Half Pound (33mm, 59.88 g, 5h). Declaration type. Oxford mint; im: plume (with bands). Dated 1643. (plume) CAROLVS : D : G : MAGN : BRIT : FRAN : ET : HIB : REX ·, Charles, holding reins with left hand and sword in right, on horseback left, trampling arms below; plume to right / EXVRGAT : DEVS : DISSIPENTVR : INIMICI ·:·, RELIG : PROT : LEG/ANG : LIBER : PAR’ in two lines between parallel lines; three plumes and • X • (mark of value) above, 1643 below. Morrieson, Oxford A/1 (same dies as illustration); Brooker Appendix I, 15 (same dies); North 2404; SCBC 2945A. Good VF, toned, small flan flaw on reverse. Excellent metal and strike. An outstanding example. ($7500) Ex Clearwater Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 312, 9 October 2013), lot 36; Marshall Collection (Spink 167, 31 March 2004), lot 131; Spink Numismatic Circular L.11 (November 1942), no. 16831.

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1166. STUART. Charles I. 1625-1649. AR Halfcrown (34mm, 14.78 g, 12h). Type 5. York mint; im: lion. Struck 16431644. (lion) · CAROLVS · D : G · MAG · BRIT · FRAN · ET · HIB · REX · (lozenge stops), Charles on horseback left, holding sword in right hand; EBOR below / CHRISTO (sprig of flowers) AVSPICE (sprig of flowers) REGNO (lion), crowned coat-ofarms; crowned C R flanking. Brooker 1081; North 2313; SCBC 2867. Near EF, dappled toning, small flan flaw on reverse. ($3000) Ex Elderton Collection (Spink 182, 29 June 2006), lot 370.

Choice 1652 Crown

1167. COMMONWEALTH. 1649-1660. AR Crown (44mm, 30.16 g, 2h). Tower (London) mint; im: sun. Dated 1652. (sun) · THE · COMMONWEALTH · OF · ENGLAND ·, coat-of-arms within wreath / · GOD · WITH · VS · I652, conjoined coats-of-arms; · V · (mark of value) above. ESC 4; North 2721; SCBC 3214. Choice EF, richly toned, lovely surfaces. Tiny collector’s marks by Sun and in the “O” of GOD. ($7500) Ex Hess-Divo 296 (7 May 2003), lot 327.

321


1656 Cromwell Halfcrown

1168. COMMONWEALTH. Oliver Cromwell. Lord Protector, 1653-1658. AR Halfcrown (34mm, 14.78 g, 6h). Dies by Simon. Blondeau’s mint, Drury House, London. Dated 1656. OLIVAR · D · G · R · P · ANG · SCO · ET · HIB &c PRO, laureate and draped bust left / PAX · QVÆRITVR · BELLO 16 56, crowned and garnished coat-of-arms. Lessen H25; ESC 446; North 2746; SCBC 3227. Near VF, toned, scratch in reverse field. Very rare. ($7500) Ex Clarendon Collection (Part II, Bonham’s, 17 October 2006), lot 1569; Spink 55 (8 October 1986), lot 99. Marvin Lessen has suggested that the very rare 1656 Cromwell Halfcrowns were ‘circulated in the sense that they were distributed on a high social level (Parliament?), possibly as an experiment for general circulation.’ (M. Lessen, A Summary of the Cromwell Coinage, BNJ XXXV (1966), pp. 163–72). A much larger issue of silver crowns, halfcrowns, and shillings dated 1658 followed, many of which are commonly available.

1169. COMMONWEALTH. Oliver Cromwell. Lord Protector, 1653-1658. AR Shilling (28.5mm, 5.95 g, 6h). Dies by Simon. Blondeau’s mint, Drury House, London. Dated 1658. OLIVAR · D · G · R · P · ANG · SCO · HIB &c PRO, laureate and draped bust left / PAX · QVÆRITVR · BELLO, crowned garnished coat-of-arms; 16 58 above. Lessen J28; ESC 1005; North 2745; SCBC 3228. VF, toned. ($1000) From the D. C. Kopen Collection. Ex Paul McIlroy Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 64 , 24 September 2003), lot 1639.

1170. STUART. Charles II. 1660-1685. AR Crown (40mm, 29.80 g, 6h). Milled coinage. Tower (London) mint. Dated 1662. Laureate and draped first bust right; rose below / Crowned cruciform coats-of-arms around rayed Garter star; intertwined C’s in angles. Broad tie-type AA.1; ESC 15; SCBC 3350. VF, toned. ($750) From the D. C. Kopen Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 50 (23 June 1999), lot 1947.

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1171. STUART. Charles II. 1660-1685. CU Pattern Halfpenny (33mm, 9.66 g, 12h). Dies by John Roettier. Tower (London) mint. Undated issue. CAROLVS · A · CAROLO, laureate and cuirassed bust left / QVATVOR · MAR IA · VINDICO, Britannia seated left on globe, holding laurel branch and scepter and resting arm on shield at side, BRITANNIA in exergue. Peck 404. Near EF, attractive light brown tone. ($500) From the Anthony Halse Collection of British Pattern Coins.

1172. STUART. Charles II. 1660-1685. CU Pattern Farthing (24mm, 6.10 g, 12h). Dies by John Roettier. Tower (London) mint. Dated 1665. CAROLVS · A · CAROLO ·, laureate and cuirassed bust left; 1665 below bust / QVATVOR · MA RIA · VINDICO, Britannia seated left on globe, holding laurel branch and scepter and resting arm on shield at side, BRITANNIA in exergue. Peck 412. EF, traces of red luster, minor rim flaw. ($500) From the Anthony Halse Collection of British Pattern Coins.

1173. STUART. Charles II. 1660-1685. AR Pattern Farthing (24mm, 12h). Dies by John Roettier. Tower (London) mint. Dated 1665. CAROLVS · A · CAROLO ·, laureate and cuirassed bust left; 1665 below bust / QVATVOR · MA RIA · VINDICO, Britannia seated left on globe, holding laurel branch and scepter and resting arm on shield at side, BRITANNIA in exergue. Peck 414. In NGC encapsulation, 3350131-003, graded PF 64. ($500) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

1174. STUART. Charles II. 1660-1685. AR Pattern Farthing (24mm, 12h). Dies by John Roettier. Tower (London) mint. Dated 1665. CAROLVS · A · CAROLO ·, laureate and cuirassed bust left; 1665 below bust / QVATVOR · MA RIA · VINDICO, Britannia seated left on globe, holding laurel branch and scepter and resting arm on shield at side, BRITANNIA in exergue. Peck 414. In NGC encapsulation, 330477-002, graded PF 63. ($500) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

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The Battle of the Boyne The Defeat of James II in Ireland

1175. STUART (ORANGE). William III & Mary. 1688-1694. AR Medal (65mm, 98.85Â g, 12h). By Robert Arondeaux. Dated 1690 (in Roman numerals). GVILH. III. D. G. MAG BRI. FRAN. ET HIB. REX., laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust of William right; R. A. F. on truncation of arm / ET VULNERA ET INVIA SPERNIT (both wounds and impasses he disdains), William, holding sword and reins, on horseback right charging across the River Boyne with his cavalry, pursuing the Jacobite forces in retreat; to lower left, two abandoned cannon being captured; EIICIT IACOBUM RES:/TITUIT HIBERNIAM/ MDCXC (he drives out James/[and] restores Ireland/1690). MI 716/136; Eimer 328; van Loon IV 492.1; Le Clerc I 115. EF, toned, a couple of minor marks in fields. In an ornate mount of wreath design with swivel suspension. Extremely rare. ($3000) The Battle of the Boyne (1 July 1690 O.S.) was the last battle between the forces under the personal command of the deposed James II of England and those of Dutch Prince William III and his wife, Mary II who had acceded to the crowns of England and Scotland. Taking place accross the River Boyne near the Irish town of Drogheda, the battle was a victory for William. Unable to regain the British crown, James was forced to flee to France following the battle. The symbolic importance of this battle has made it one of the best known battles in the history of the British Isles and a key element in the folklore of the Protestant fraternal organization, the Orange Order.

324


1176. STUART (ORANGE). William III & Mary. 1688-1694. CU Pattern Halfpenny (32mm, 12.63 g, 6h). Tower (London) mint. Date 1694. GVLIELMVS · ET · MARIA ·, conjoined busts of William, laureate and cuirassed, and Mary, draped, right / BRITAN NIA, Britannia seated left on chair holding laurel branch and scepter and resting arm on shield at side, 1694 in exergue. Peck 596. Good VF, toned. Very rare. ($1000) From the Anthony Halse Collection of British Pattern Coins. Peck (p. 160) notes the depiction of Britannia seated on a chair, rather than the usual globe, “was probably derived from the relatively common ‘Zeus on throne’ reverse types of the Macedonian tetradrachms.”

1177. STUART (ORANGE). William III. 1694-1702. AV 5 Guineas (36mm, 41.59 g, 6h). Tower (London) mint. Dually dated RY undecimo and 1699. Laureate head right / Crowned cruciform coats-of-arms around central arms of Nassau; scepters in quarters. Edge: UNDECIMO. MCE 169; SCBC 3454. Good VF, brushed in small area of reverse. Rare. ($10,000)

1178. STUART. Anne. 1702-1714. AV Two Guineas (32mm, 16.65 g, 6h). After Union with Scotland issue. Tower (London) mint. Dated 1709. ANNA DEI · GRATIA, draped bust left / MAG BRI · FR ET · HIB REG · J7 09 ·, crowned cruciform coat-of-arms around rayed Garter Star; scepters in quarters. Schneider 532 var. (date); SCBC 3569. In NGC encapsulation, 4690727-001 graded UNC Details, cleaned. Some brilliance. ($4000)

1179. STUART. Anne. 1702-1714. AR Pattern Farthing (25mm, 12h). Treaty of Utrecht issue. Dated 1713. ANNA AVGVSTA, draped bust left / PAX · MISSA · PER · ORBEM, Pax, holding olive branch and scepter and reins, standing slightly left in biga with prancing horses right; J7J3 in exergue. Peck 762. In NGC encapsulation, 36395347-011 graded PF 63. Rare. ($2000) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

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1180 1181 1180. STUART. Anne. 1702-1714. CU Pattern Farthing (21mm, 6h). Tower (London) mint. Dated 1714. ANNA · DEI · GRATIA, draped bust left / BRITAN NIA ·, Britannia seated left on globe, holding laurel branch and scepter and resting arm on shield at side, J7J4 in exergue. Peck 741. In PCGS encapsulation, 150267.66/25055285 graded PR66RB. ($1000) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

1181. HANOVER. George I. 1714-1727. Proof CU Halfpenny (27mm, 6h). ‘Dump’ issue. Tower (London) mint. Dated 1717. Laureate and cuirassed bust right / Britannia seated left on globe, holding olive branch and trident; Union shield to right; 1717 in exergue. Peck 772; cf. SCBC 3659. In NGC encapsulation, 1752287-002, graded PR 64 BN. ($750) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

1182 1183 1182. HANOVER. George II. 1727-1760. Proof CU Halfpenny (29mm, 6h). Tower (London) mint. Dated 1729. Young laureate and cuirassed bust left / Britannia seated left on globe, holding olive branch and trident; Union shield to right; 1729 in exergue. Peck 832; cf. SCBC 3719. In PCGS encapsulation, 610319.65/26290170, graded PR65BN. ($750) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

1183. HANOVER. George II. 1727-1760. AR Halfcrown (34.5mm, 15.01 g, 6h). ‘Lima’ issue. Tower (London) mint. Dually dated 1745 and RY DECIMO NONO. GEORGIUS · II · DEI · GRATIA ·, laureate, draped, and armored bust left; LIMA below / M · B · F · ET · H · REX · F · D · B · ET · L · D · S · R · I · A · T · ET · E · 17 45, crowned cruciform coats-ofarms around rayed Garter Star. ESC 604; SCBC 3695. Near EF, attractively toned. ($400)

1184

1185

1184. HANOVER. George II. 1727-1760. AR Shilling (26mm, 5.96 g, 6h). ‘Lima’ issue. Tower (London) mint. Dated 1745. GEORGIUS · II · DEI · GRATIA ·, laureate, draped, and cuirassed old bust left; LIMA below / · M · B · F · ET · H · REX · F · D · B ET · L · D · S · R · I · A · T · ET · E · 17 45 (date), crowned cruciform coats-of-arms of England and France, Scotland, Ireland, and Hanover around rayed central Garter star. ESC 1205; SCBC 3703. Near EF, attractively toned. ($250) 1185. HANOVER. George II. 1727-1760. AR Crown (40.5mm, 30.10 g, 6h). ‘Lima’ issue. Tower (London) mint. Dually dated 1746 and RY DECIMO NONO. GEORGIVS · II · DEI · GRATIA ·, laureate, draped, and armored bust left; LIMA· below / · M · B · F · ET · H · REX · F · D · B · ET · L · D · S · R · I · A · T · ET · E ·, crowned cruciform coats-of-arms around rayed Garter Star. ESC 125; SCBC 3689. Near EF, attractively toned. ($1500) 326


1186. HANOVER. George III. 1760-1820. AV Guinea (25mm, 8.40 g, 6h). Dated 1761. First laureate head right; two leaf wreath / Crowned royal coat-of-arms; shield in ornate frame; 17 61 flanking crown. MCE 367; SCBC 3725. In NGC encapsulation, 4690728-001, graded AU 58. Lightly toned. Very rare. ($5000)

1187 1188 1187. HANOVER. George III. 1760-1820. CU Proof Halfpenny (30mm, 12h). First issue. Tower (London) mint. Dated 1770. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust left / Britannia seated left on globe, holding olive branch and trident; Union shield to right; 1770 in exergue. Peck 895; SCBC 3774. In PCGS encapsulation, 610326.65/25397884, graded PR65RB. ($1000) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

1188. HANOVER. George III. 1760-1820. CU Pattern Guinea (23mm, 4.01 g, 6h). Dies by Thomas Pingo for Earl Stanhope. Dated 1781. Laureate fourth head right / Crowned royal coat-of-arms; shield in ornate frame. Eimer, Pingo 76; Selig –; cf. W&R 95 (issue in gold; dated 1774). Near EF, weakly struck in center. Rare. ($500) From the Anthony Halse Collection of British Pattern Coins. Charles Mahon, 3rd Earl of Stanhope (1753-1816), politician, scientist and brother-in-law of William Pitt the Younger, issued a series of patterns for Guineas in 1781 and 1782 to demonstrate his theories on protecting the gold coinage from forgery.

1189 1190 1189. HANOVER. George III. 1760-1820. CU Pattern Guinea (23mm, 5.84 g, 6h). Tower (London) mint; dies by Lewis Pingo for Earl Stanhope. Dated 1782. Laureate bust right; hair loose and flowing around bust; all within ornate scalloped border / Crowned royal coat-of-arms; shield in ornate frame; all within ornate scalloped border. Edge: plain. Eimer, Pingo 78 var. (edge); Selig 1121; cf. W&R 98 (issue in gold). Near EF, weakly struck in center. Rare. ($500) From the Anthony Halse Collection of British Pattern Coins.

1190. HANOVER. George III. 1760-1820. AR Pattern Sixpence (22.5mm, 3.77 g, 12h). Second coinage. Tower (London) mint; dies by Lewis Pingo. Dated 1787. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Cruciform coats-of-arms around Garter star; crowns in quarters; no semée of hearts in Hanover arms. Eimer, Pingo 86 note; Selig –; ESC 1640A; Bull 2213; cf. SCBC 3748. EF, toned, hairlines on obverse. Very rare. ($500) From the Anthony Halse Collection of British Pattern Coins. Only one other example of this variety without the semée of hearts appears on CoinArchives (Spink 190, 27 September 2007, lot 642)

1191. HANOVER. George III. 1760-1820. AR Pattern Sixpence (21mm, 12h). Soho (Birmingham) mint; dies by Jean-Pierre Droz. Dated 1790. Crowned GR cypher within wreath / Britannia seated left on globe, holding olive branch and trident; Union shield to right; 1790 in legend. ESC 1645; Bull 2219. In NGC encapsulation, 3606622-007, graded MS 62. ($300) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

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1192

1193

1192. HANOVER. George III. 1760-1820. AR Pattern Sixpence (21mm, 2.68 g, 12h). Soho (Birmingham) mint; dies by Jean-Pierre Droz. Dated 1790. Crowned GR cypher within wreath / Britannia seated left on globe, holding olive branch and trident; Union shield to right; 1790 in legend. ESC 1645; Bull 2219. AU, attractively toned. ($400) From the Anthony Halse Collection of British Pattern Coins.

1193. HANOVER. George III. 1760-1820. Bronzed CU Pattern Penny (31mm, 14.85 g, 6h). Restrike issue. By W. Taylor after Droz. Dated 1790. Laureate head right; D. F. on truncation of neck; below, screeching eagle’s head right, set on flaming thunderbolt / Britannia seated left on globe, pointing and holding Union shield and rudder decorated with entwined dolphin; DROZ and E blow groundline; in exergue, 1790 flanked by trefoils above DROX. IN. Peck 990. EF, attractive red-brown toning, a few minor finger marks. Rare. ($500) From the Anthony Halse Collection of British Pattern Coins.

1194

1195

1194. HANOVER. George III. 1760-1820. Gilt CU Pattern Guinea 24mm, 4.43 g, 11h). Restrike issue. By W. Taylor after C. H. Küchler. Dated 1791. Laureate head right / Crowned ‘spade’ type coat of arms; 17 91 in exergue in incuse. Cf. W&R 105 and 106 (for gold issue); Selig 1129-30. In NGC encapsulation, 4690728-003, graded PF 63 Ultra Cameo. Rare. ($750) From the Anthony Halse Collection of British Pattern Coins.

1195. HANOVER. George III. 1760-1820. Gilt Pattern CU Guinea (24mm, 5h). Restrike issue. By W. Taylor after C. H. Küchler. Dated 1791. Laureate head right / Crowned ‘spade’ type coat of arms; 17 91 in exergue; all in incuse. W&R 107 illustration and note = Norweb II, lot 546; New York Sale XLIII, lot 1130. In PCGS encapsulation, 159311.62/34313091, graded PR62. Extremely rare. ($1500) From the Anthony Halse Collection of British Pattern Coins.

1196 1197 1196. HANOVER. George III. 1760-1820. CU Pattern Penny (36mm, 24.03 g, 12h). Second issue; ‘Cartwheel’ coinage. Late Soho (Birmingham) mint. Dated 1797. Laureate head right / Britannia seated left on rocky outcropping, holding olive branch and trident; Union shield to right; in background to left, ship under sail right on sea; 1797 in incuse in exergue. Peck 1081. EF, weak strike, minor marks, traces of red luster. Extremely rare. ($500) From the Anthony Halse Collection of British Pattern Coins.

1197. HANOVER. George III. 1760-1820. Bronzed CU Pattern Penny (36mm, 29.63 g, 6h). Restrike issue. By W. Taylor after C. H. Küchler. Dated 1797. Laureate and draped bust right; K on truncation of arm / Helmeted Britannia seated left on globe, holding trident and olive branch; Union shield to right; in background to left, ship under sail right on sea; 1797 in exergue. Peck 1134. EF, attractive red-brown toning, spot in obverse field, a few minor handling marks. Rare. ($500) From the Anthony Halse Collection of British Pattern Coins.

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1198 1199 1198. HANOVER. George III. 1760-1820. Bronzed CU Pattern Halfpenny (31mm, 17.87 g, 6h). Restrike issue. By W. Taylor after C. H. Küchler. Dated 1797. Laureate and draped bust right; K on truncation of arm / Britannia seated left on rocky outcropping with SOHO and triple pellets above, holding olive branch and trident; Union shield to right; in background to left, ship under sail right on sea; 1797 in incuse in exergue. Peck 1167. Superb EF, attractive red-brown toning, some finger marks. Very rare. ($750) From the Anthony Halse Collection of British Pattern Coins.

1199. HANOVER. George III. 1760-1820. Bronzed CU Pattern Halfpenny (31mm, 12.41 g, 6h). Restrike issue. By W. Taylor after C. H. Küchler. Dated 1797. Laureate and draped bust right; K on truncation of arm / Britannia seated left on rocky outcropping with SOHO and triple pellets above, holding olive branch and trident; Union shield to right; in background to left, ship under sail right on sea; 1797 in incuse in exergue. Peck 1168. EF, attractive red-brown toning, a few spots. Very rare. ($500) From the Anthony Halse Collection of British Pattern Coins.

1200. HANOVER. George III. 1760-1820. Gilt Proof CU Pattern Farthing (25mm, 6h). Second issue; ‘Cartwheel’ coinage. Soho (Birmingham) mint. Dated 1797. Laureate, draped, and armored bust right; K on truncation of arm / Britannia seated left on rocky outcropping with SOHO, holding olive branch and trident; Union shield to right; in background to left, ship under sail right on sea; 1797 in incuse in exergue. Peck 1188. In NGC encapsulation, 2143812-004, graded PF 63 Ultra Cameo. ($500) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

1201. HANOVER. George III. 1760-1820. Gilt CU Pattern Guinea (25mm, 4.32 g, 6h). Restrike issue. By W. Taylor after C. H. Küchler. Dated 1798. Laureate head right / Crowned ‘spade’ type coat of arms; 17 98 in exergue in incuse. Edge: scroll ‘Vandyke’ pattern. Cf. W&R 109 (for gold issue); Selig 1137. In NGC encapsulation, 4690728-004, graded PF 66 Ultra Cameo. Rare. ($1500) From the Anthony Halse Collection of British Pattern Coins.

329


1202 1203 1202. HANOVER. George III. 1760-1820. Gilt CU Pattern Farthing (26mm, 7.08 g, 6h). Second issue; ‘Cartwheel’ coinage. Early Soho (Birmingham) mint. Dated 1798. Laureate, draped, and armored bust right; K on truncation of arm; 1798 in incuse in exergue / Britannia seated left on rocky outcropping with SOHO, holding olive branch and trident; Union shield to right; in background to left, ship under sail right on sea; in exergue, 1 . FARTHING . flanked by trefoils; all in incuse. Peck 1202. EF, a few light hairlines and small spots. Rare. ($500) From the Anthony Halse Collection of British Pattern Coins.

1203. HANOVER, George III. 1760-1820. CU Pattern Farthing (26mm, 7.52 g, 6h). Second issue; ‘Cartwheel’ coinage. Early Soho (Birmingham) mint. Dated 1798. Laureate, draped, and armored bust right; K on truncation of arm; 1798 in incuse in exergue / Britannia seated left on rocky outcropping with SOHO, holding olive branch and trident; Union shield to right; in background to left, ship under sail right on sea; in exergue, 1 . FARTHING . flanked by trefoils; all in incuse. Peck 1205. In NGC encapsulation, 4690728-005, graded PF 63 BN. Extremely rare. ($750) From the Anthony Halse Collection of British Pattern Coins.

1204 1205 1204. HANOVER. George III. 1760-1820. Gilt CU Proof Halfpenny (31mm, 6h). Third issue. Late Soho (Birmingham) mint. Dated 1799. Laureate, draped, and armored bust right; K • on truncation of arm / Britannia seated left on rocky outcropping with SOHO, holding olive branch and trident; Union shield to right; in background to left, ship under sail right on sea; 1799 in exergue. Peck 1243; SCBC 3778. In NGC encapsulation, 2143812-005, graded PF 63 Ultra Cameo. ($400) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

1205. HANOVER. George III. 1760-1820. Gilt CU Proof Halfpenny (31mm, 12.77 g, 6h). Third issue. Late Soho (Birmingham) mint. Dated 1799. Laureate, draped, and armored bust right; K • on truncation of arm / Britannia seated left on rocky outcropping with SOHO, holding olive branch and trident; Union shield to right; in background to left, ship under sail right on sea; 1799 in exergue. Peck 1243; SCBC 3778. UNC, dappled surfaces with some light hairlines. ($500) From the Anthony Halse Collection of British Pattern Coins.

1206. HANOVER. George III. 1760-1820. Gilt Proof CU Farthing (25mm, 6.20 g, 6h). Third issue. Late Soho (Birmingham) mint. Dated 1799. Laureate, draped, and armored bust right; K • on truncation of arm; 1799 below bust / Britannia seated left on rocky outcropping with SOHO, holding olive branch and trident; Union shield to right; in background to left, ship under sail right on sea; in exergue, 1 . FARTHING . flanked by rosettes. Peck 1269; SCBC 3779. In NGC encapsulation, 4690728-002, graded PF 64 Cameo. ($500) From the Anthony Halse Collection of British Pattern Coins.

330


1207. HANOVER. George III. Pattern CU Dollar – Five Shillings (40mm, 35.53 g, 6h). Bank of England issue. Dated 1804. Laureate, draped, and armored bust right / Britannia seated left, holding olive branch and spear, and leaning upon Union shield; cornucopia below; beehive in background to left; all within collar surmounted by five-turreted façade and inscribed FIVE SHILLINGS/DOLLAR. L&S 79, type E/2; ESC 164A; Bull 1956. EF, rich brown patina, tiny edge nick. Rare on thick flan. ($1000) From the Anthony Halse Collection of British Pattern Coins.

1208

1209

1208. HANOVER. George III. 1760-1820. Bronzed Pattern CU Farthing (25.5mm, 5.61 g, 6h). Restrike issue. By W. Taylor after C. H. Küchler. Dated 1805. Laureate, draped, and armored bust right; K in truncation of arm / Britannia seated left on rocky outcropping with SOHO, holding olive branch and trident; Union shield to right; K between trident and shield; in background to left, ship under sail right on sea; 1805 in exergue. Peck 1317. UNC, toned. Extremely rare. ($500) From the Anthony Halse Collection of British Pattern Coins.

1209. HANOVER. George III. 1760-1820. Gilt Proof CU Penny (34mm, 12h). Fourth issue. Soho (Birmingham) mint. Dated 1806. Laureate and draped bust right; 1806 below / Britannia seated left on rocky outcropping with SOHO, holding olive branch and trident; Union shield to right; K between trident and shield; in background to left, ship under sail right on sea. Peck 1325; SCBC 3780. In NGC encapsulation, 2143812-008, graded PF 64 Cameo. ($750) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

1210 1211 1210. HANOVER. George III. 1760-1820. Gilt Proof CU Halfpenny (29mm, 9.57 g, 12h). Fourth issue. Late Soho (Birmingham) mint. Dated 1806. Laureate and draped bust right; 1806 below / Britannia seated left on rocky outcropping with SOHO, holding olive branch and trident; Union shield to right; K between trident and shield; in background to left, ship under sail right on sea. Peck 1362; SCBC 3781. UNC, some light hairlines and spots. ($500) From the Anthony Halse Collection of British Pattern Coins.

1211. HANOVER. George III. 1760-1820. AR Proof 1 Shilling Sixpence (27mm, 12h). Bank of England issue. Tower (London) mint. Dated 1811. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust left / BANK/TOKEN/1s. 6D./1811 in four lines within oak wreath. ESC 970; SCBC 3771. In NGC encapsulation, 3500255-007, graded PF 65. ($1000) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

331


The Hercules Crown

1212. HANOVER. George III. 1760-1820. CU Pattern Crown (38mm, 26.35 g). Soho (Birmingham) mint; dies by JeanPierre Droz after Monneron’s French pattern of 1792 by Dupré. Dated 1820. Hercules seated left on a lion’s skin, set on rocky outcropping breaking with club at side, attempting to break a bundle of rods (fasces) over his left knee; behind, column set on base and branch of tree, to right, ships under sail right; in exergue, 1820 above wreath / DECVS ET TVTAMEN, crowned coat-of-arms. L&S 212; ESC 244; Bull 2059. In NGC encapsulation, 4690728-006, graded PF 63 BN. ($2000) From the Anthony Halse Collection of British Pattern Coins. Ex Jess Peters 58 (27 June 1972), lot 279. Lot includes an old Spink stock ticket.

1213

1214

1213. HANOVER. George IV. 1820-1830. AV Sovereign (22.5mm, 7.96 g, 6h). London mint. Dated 1821. Laureate head left / Pistrucci’s St. George and the Dragon; 1821 in exergue. Bentley 12: Marsh 5; SCBC 3800. VF. ($500) 1214. HANOVER. George IV. 1820-1830. CU Farthing (22mm, 6h). First issue. London mint. Dated 1821. Laureate and draped bust left / Helmeted Britannia seated right on rocky outcropping holding olive branch and trident; Union shield to right; at feet, recumbent lion to right; 1821. in exergue. Peck 1407; SCBC 3822. In NGC encapsulation, 3748119-004, graded MS 66 BN. ($300) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection.

1215

1216

1215. HANOVER. Victoria. 1837-1901. Antimony Pattern Centum (28mm, 10.77 g, 6h). Smith’s Decimal Patterns by Marrian & Gausby. Birmingham mint. Dated 1846. Young head left, with hair bound with double fillet; MARRIAN & GAUSBY D · BIRM · / SMITH ON DECIMAL CURRENCY * 1846 *, ONE/CENTUM in two lines. Freeman 823 note; Peck, p. 479, note 2. AU, a few light marks. Rare. ($400) From the Anthony Halse Collection of British Pattern Coins.

1216. HANOVER. Victoria. 1837-1901. Æ Pattern Decimal Halfpenny - 5 Centimes (27mm, 6.64 g, 12h). London mint; dies by Leonard Charles Wyon. Dated 1857. Laureate head left, with hair loosely bound behind; 1857 in exergue / Helmeted Britannia seated right on rocky outcropping, holding Union shield set on ground and trident; DECIMAL HALFPENNY above, 5 CENTIMES in exergue. Peck 1977; Freeman 682. In NGC encapsulation, 4690728-008, graded PF 64 BN. Very rare. ($750) From the Anthony Halse Collection of British Pattern Coins.

332


1217. HANOVER. Victoria. 1837-1901. Bronzed CU Pattern Penny (11.21 g, 12h). Birmingham mint; dies by Joseph Moore. Dated 1860. Laureate head left, with hair loosely gathered behind; 1860 in exergue / Helmeted Britannia seated left on rocky outcropping, holding trident and olive branch and Union shield set on ground; foot rest on anchor fluke; ONE PENNY in exergue. Peck 2130; Freeman 857. In NGC encapsulation, 4690728-007, graded MS 64 BN. ($750) From the Anthony Halse Collection of British Pattern Coins.

1218. HANOVER. Victoria. 1837-1901. Aluminum Pattern Sixpence (19mm, 0.76 g, 7h). Jubilee issue. London mint; dies by J. Rochelle Thomas for Spink & Son. Dated 1887 (in Roman numerals). Crowned and veiled bust left with head facing slightly left / Royal coat-of-arms of Great Britain and Northern Ireland with lion and unicorn supporters SIX PENCE above; in exergue, MDCCCLXXXVII (date) above thistle, rose, and shamrock separating SPINK & SON. ESC 1781; Bull 3307. In NGC encapsulation, 4690728-009, graded PF 63. Very rare. ($1500) From the Anthony Halse Collection of British Pattern Coins. ESC reports that only 20 examples were struck.

1220

1219

1219. SAXE-COBURG-GOTHA. Edward VII. 1901-1910. AV 5 Pounds (36mm, 39.95 g, 12h). London mint. Dated 1902. EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA : BRITT : OMN : REX FID : DEF : IND : IMP :, head right / Pistrucci’s St. George and the Dragon; 1902 in exergue. Schneider 661; SCBC 3965. Near EF, bag marks. ($2000) 1220. WINDSOR. George V. 1910-1936. AR Pattern Double Florin (36mm, 22.65  g, 12h). Dies by Reginald Huth. London mint. Dated 1911. GEORGIUS · V · DEI · GRATIA, draped bust left / BRI TANI ARVM REX · I9 II ·, crowned cruciform coats-of-arms of England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland around rayed badge of Isle of Man; thistle, leek, shamrocks, and rose in quarters. Edge: plain. L&S 18; ESC 401. EF, attractively toned, some light edge marks. ($1500) From the Anthony Halse Collection of British Pattern Coins. Reginald Huth (1853-1926) was a wealthy merchant banker and passionate coin collector with a particular interest in medallic portraiture. He issued a number of private patterns in very low numbers destroying all dies, tools, and punches afterwards.

333


1221. SCOTLAND. James I. 1406-1437. AV Demy (23mm, 3.29 g, 1h). Type III. Edinburgh mint; im: crown/cross pattée. ՟ ƩaýɱÏѝ˫ Ḽ ĕEƩ ŷʽaýƩa Ḽ ʽEҢ ˫ Ḽ , coat-of-arms within lozenge / ๘ ˫aȄѝѝ⍴ ჭ Ŗaý PɱPѝȄѝ⍴ Ḽ ˶ѝѝ⍴ Ḽ, St. Andrew’s Cross, flanked by lis to left and right, pellet below, cross below right lis; all on tressure of six arches, each arch ending in lis; in each external void, quatrefoil with open center. Burns 21; SCBI 35 (Ashmolean & Hunterian) 632 (same dies); SCBC 5192. VF. ($3000)

1222. SCOTLAND. Mary and Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley. 1542-1567. AR Two-thirds Ryal (38mm, 20.49 g, 10h). Fourth period. Edinburgh mint; im: thistle. Dated 1565. · MARIA · & · HENRIC9· DEI · GRA · R · & · R · SCOTORV · (bar above V), crowned coat-of-arms; thistles flanking / (thistle) · EXVRGAT · DEVS · & · DISSIPENTR · INIMICI · EI9 ·, tortoise climbing crowned palm tree decorated with banner inscribed DAT GLORIA VIRES; 15 65 across field. Burns 11; SCBI 58 (Edinburgh), 1191 (same dies); SCBC 5426. Near EF, attractively toned, slight doubling. ($2000) From the D. C. Kopen Collection, purchased from Davissons Ltd.

1223. SCOTLAND. Mary. 1542-1567. AR Ryal (43mm, 29.79 g, 11h). Fifth period. Edinburgh mint; im: thistle. Dated 1567. Crowned coat-of-arms; thistles flanking / Tortoise climbing crowned palm tree decorated with banner inscribed DAT GLORIA VIRES; 15 67 across field. Burns 1; SCBI 58 (Edinburgh), 1221 (same dies); SCBC 5429. VF, toned. ($1500) Ex Cederlind 170 (7 August 2013), lot 381.

334


1224. SCOTLAND. James VI. 1567-1625. AR Ryal (43mm, 29.99 g, 11h). First coinage. Edinburgh mint. Dated 1570. Crowned royal coat-of-arms; crowned I R across field / Upright sword surmounted by crown; across upper field, hand pointing toward XXX (mark of value); 15 70 across central field. Burns 2 var. (stops); SCBI 58 (Edinburgh), 1330–1 (same obv. die); SCBC 5472. VF, some roughness on obverse, a few minor scratches on reverse. ($750) Ex Cederlind BBS 156 (30 September 2010), lot 435.

1225. SCOTLAND. James VIII. Pretender, 1688-1766. Pattern AR Guinea (26mm, 7.34 g, 6h). Dies by J. Roettiers. Dated 1716 (Struck 1828 by Matthew Young). Laureate and draped bust right / Crowned cruciform coats-of-arms with thistle at center; scepters in angles. Burns 2; Woolf 33.2; Dundee 347; SCBC 5725. Superb EF, attractively toned, a few minor planchet flaws on obverse. ($1500) Although the dies were engraved in 1716 by Roettiers, no specimens are known to have been struck at that time. All extant examples were struck by the celebrated coin dealer Matthew Young in 1828. Young presented the dies to the British Museum in 1829. James VIII became the heir to the Jacobite cause on the death of his father, the ousted James VII (II). Known today as the Old Pretender, James was recognized as the rightful king of England and Scotland by France, Spain, and the Papal states. Two campaigns attempted to return him to the throne: a landing near the Firth of Forth in 1708, was blocked by the arrival of the British navy, and a failed uprising of the clans in the north of Scotland in 1715. On his return from the second attempt James found himself unwelcome in France, and the Old Pretender lived out the rest of his days in exile in Rome.

1226. IRELAND, Hiberno-Norse. Sihtric III Olafsson. Circa 995-1036. AR Penny (19.5mm, 1.37 g, 11h). Phase I coinage, Long Cross type. Winchester(?) mint signature; Beorhtnoth, moneyer. Struck circa 1000-1010. + SIHTRC RE+ DYFLNII, draped bust left; pellet to right / + BIR HT(NΘ) Ð M’Θ RINI, voided long cross, with pellet at center and triple-crescent ends. O’S Issue 3; cf. SCBI 8 (BM), 40 = BMC (Æthelred II) 374 (for similar, in name of Æthelred II); D&F 6; SCBC 6104. Near VF, toned, striking crack and die break on obverse, minor pecks. Very rare with English mint signature. ($1000) Ex Künker 228 (12 March 2013), lot 2836.

335


1227. IRELAND, Hiberno-Norse. temp. Sihtric III Olafsson. Circa 995-1036. AR Penny (19mm, 1.25 g, 11h). Phase I coinage, Long Cross type. Uncertain mint signature; Odulf or Authulfr(?), moneyer. Struck in the name of ‘Thymn,’ circa 1010-1020. + ÐУMИ RΘEX MNEGMI, draped bust left; pellet to right / + ΘDI VL·FE ΘIMR VУRI, voided long cross, with triple crescent ends. Dolley, Myth, 20 (same dies); O’S Issue 3; SCBI –; D&F 8; SCBC 6109. Near EF, toned, a few peck marks on the reverse. Very rare. ($2500) Ex CNG Inventory 914763 (February 2012); Innisfree Collection; Spink Numismatic Circular CVI.1 (February 1998), no. 5. Coins in the name of Thymn are enigmatic. Although it is tempting to ascribe them to one of the many issues with blundered inscriptions, the consistency of this legend across many dies assures us that the inscription is intentional. Earlier numismatists attributed them to a ‘Donald, king of Monaghan,’ but as there is no evidence of any such historical king, this identification has been dropped. Some have also ascribed the coins to a Norse rival of Sihtrics, but this is also unsupported by other evidence (E. Colgan, For Want of Good Money, the story of Ireland’s coinage [Wordwell, 2003], p. 5). Nonetheless, hoard evidence (esp. Igelösa and List) place these issues in the later part of Phase I (see M. Blackburn, ‘Presidential Address. Currency under the Vikings. Part 4. The Dublin Coinage c. 995-c. 1050,” BNJ 78 [2008], pp. 131–2).

1228

1229

1230

1228. IRELAND, Hiberno-Norse. temp. Domnall mac Taidc Ua Briain – Brotar mac Torcaill. Early-mid 12th century. AR Penny (17mm, 0.42 g). Phase VI coinage. Uncertain mint and moneyer. Struck circa 1095-1100-1150. Crude draped bust left, cross on neck; crozier before; blundered legend around / Voided long cross, with annulet at center and cruciform scepters and pellets alternating in angles; blundered legend around. Cf. O’S Issue 35; SCBI 8 (BM), 232–49; D&F 32; SCBC 6187. VF, toned, some areas of striking weakness. ($1000) Ex Triton XV (3 January 2012), lot 1955.

1229. IRELAND. John. As Lord of Ireland, 1172-1199. AR Halfpenny (14.5mm, 0.70 g, 9h). Second (‘DOMinus’) coinage, group 1b. Kilkenny mint; Waltex, moneyer. Struck circa 1190-1198. แ Ʊ[ɭ]ƌ¥[⎴⎴]ዑ˨, diademed head facing / แ ѿ⍒⌦[Ϳዑᛸ ɭ⎴ ]ዤዑ, voided cross potent, with annulet in each quarter. O’S, Earliest, dies 5/2; Withers VI 3/a; SCBI 10 (Ulster), 139 var. (legends); D&F 40B; SCBC 6208. Near VF, lightly toned, some marks. Extremely rare. ($1500) Ex Dix Noonan Webb 132 (15 September 2015), lot 335 (hammer £2000).

1230. IRELAND. Edward IV. First or Second reign, 1461-1483. AR Penny (12.5mm, 0.54 g). Small Cross on Rose/ Radiant Sun coinage. Dublin mint. Struck circa 1464 or 1478. Rose with small cross pattée at center / Sun with pellet-inannulet at center. SCBI –; D&F 113; SCBC 6289. Near VF, deeply toned, clipped, creased, with associated surface crack. Extremely rare type, only one example in CoinArchives. ($1000) Ex Ormonde Coins Inventory (April 2013).

1231

1232

1231. IRELAND. Edward IV. Second reign, 1471-1483. AR Groat (24.5mm, 1.93 g, 10h). Class VI, Light ‘Cross and Pellets’ coinage. Limerick mint. Struck 1472-1478?. Crowned facing bust, Ǵ on breast; quatrefoils flanking neck; all within tressure of nine arches with trefoils on cusps / Long cross pattée; triple pellets in opposite quarters, cinquefoil and two pellets in others. SCBI 22 (Copenhagen), 400; D&F 133; SCBC 6342. Near VF, toned, minor edge chip and flan crack. Rare. ($750) Ex Ormonde Coins Inventory (October 2015).

1232. IRELAND. Richard III. 1483-1485. AR Groat (23mm, 1.93 g, 6h). Three Crowns coinage, Second issue. Unnamed (Dublin) mint. ˆƩý⍒ˆ [ˆģҞ] ⍒NŷLƩ ōˆ⍒N, coat-of-arms over cross botonnée / [ĕɨMƩN] VS Ḧ ƌ ҾÙģˆ NƩģ, three crowns over cross botonnée. SCBI 22 (Copenhagen) –; cf. D&F 176-178 (for type); SCBC 6412. VF, lightly toned, typical small flan. Rare. ($1000) Ex Arthur Fitts III Collection; Gerard Brady Collection (Whyte’s, 29 April 2000), lot 118; purchased from Emil Szauer, circa 1968.

336


Exceptional Ormond Crown

1233. IRELAND, The Great Rebellion. Issues of the Lords Justices. 1642-1649. AR Crown (40.5mm, 29.54 g, 11h). “Ormond Money” issue. Struck 1643-1644. Large C R; crown above; all within linear and beaded border / Large V; S above; all within linear and beaded border. SCBI 22 (Copenhagen), 418; D&F 288; SCBC 6544. EF, lovely deep cabinet tone, a few minor die flaws. Well centered and struck. An exceptional example. ($2000) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection. Ex Dix Noonan Webb 85 (17 March 2010), lot 763; W. B. Thorpe Collection; Spink Numismatic Circular LXXXIX.5 (May 1981), no. 4105; S. A. H. Whetmore Collection (Glendining, 14 July 1961), lot 45 (purchased from Spink, 1952). Following the increase in racial and religious discrimination against the native Irish population during the first third of the seventeenth century, an open rebellion exploded in October 1641, when two Protestant members of the Lord Justices of Ireland prevented the Irish Parliament from passing a bill to alleviate Catholic grievances. While the rebels failed to seize Dublin Castle, which was one of their initial objectives, they quickly found success in Ulster province, from where the rebellion spread to the countryside. Following the outbreak of civil war between Charles I and the English Parliament the next year in 1642, the Irish Catholic rebels gave their support to the King, further placing them at odds with the English Protestants. Several emergency issues of coinage were struck during the early years of this rebellion. Among them was this crown, part of an issue commonly known as “Ormond” money, because it was erroneously believed to have been struck by James Butler, Marquis of Ormond, who led the Royalist forces in Ireland and was appointed Lord Lieutenant by Charles in November 1643. More accurately, this issue (like the socalled “Inchiquin Money”) was struck by the Lord Justices, who served as the royal executive in Ireland.

337


1234. IRELAND, The Great Rebellion. Issues of the Lords Justices. 1642-1649. AR Groat (18mm, 2.06 g, 5h). “Ormond Money” issue. Struck 1643-1644. Large C · R: ; crown above; all within linear and beaded border / Large IIII; D above; all within linear and beaded border. SCBI 22 (Copenhagen) 421 var. (no stop between or after C R); D&F 304 var. (no stop after R); SCBC 6548. Near VF, toned, some die flaws. Struck on an octagonal flan. Extremely rare variety with stop after R. ($300) From the Jonathan K. Kern Collection. Ex CNG Inventory 914851 (January 2012); Innisfree Collection. Of the 40 examples in CoinArchives of this issue, only one example has the pellets after the R on the obverse, DNW 132, lot 269 = DNW 77, lot 70 (hammer £650).

1235. IRELAND, The Great Rebellion. Issues of the Confederate Catholics. 1642-1644. AR Halfcrown (34mm, 13.75 g, 4h). Kilkenny (“Blacksmiths’”) issue. Charles on horseback riding left, holding reins and sword, cross on housings / Garnished coat-of-arms; C R across field. SCBI –; D&F 335; SCBC 6557. VF, toned, some minor metal flaws and light marks. Struck on a broad flan. Rare. ($1500)

ANGLO-GALLIC COLLECTORS

Please see 1143, above, for an AV Hardi d’Or of Edward the Black Prince.

338


ANTIQUITIES Two Specimens of Magnificent Quality and Workmanship

1236. Green glazed steatite plaque. Egypt, New Kingdom Period, circa 1570-1077 BC. A plaque of exceptional quality with wonderfully preserved green glaze. One face reads imn m’t s’s’ms (“The man of truth, Susmes”); the opposite inscribed nb nfr Im’n (“Beautiful Lord Amun”). Pierced for suspension. Miniscule chip at one corner, otherwise intact and choice. Dimensions: 15x11mm. ($750)

1237. Green glazed steatite scarab. Egypt, 2nd Intermediate (Hyksos) Period, circa 1650-1550 BC. A finely-delineated scarab with excellent preservation of glaze, carved in high relief with an openwork design at sides created by a series of drill holes. Face decorated with geometric clover-like pattern with border. Centrally pierced for suspension. Intact and of exceptional quality. Dimensions: 14x9mm. ($500)

1238

1239

1238. Steatite scarab. Egypt, 2nd Intermediate (Hyksos) Period, circa 1650-1550 BC. Large scarab with attractive details. Face inscribed with the name b’b’ nX Sh’a (“Ankhsha”) surrounded by swirling linear design. Pierced for suspension. A few minor chips and cracks, otherwise a well-preserved and finely modeled specimen. Dimensions: 24x17mm. ($400) 1239. Steatite scarab. Egypt, New Kingdom Period, circa 1570-1077 BC. Large scarab with good details. Face inscribed nb imn mi mn w’s (“Imenmi wes”) surrounded by checkered border. Traces of dark green glaze present in suspension channel. Some chips on face and back. Dimensions: 27x20mm. ($400)

Impressive Heart Scarab

1240. Steatite heart scarab. Egypt, Late Dynastic Period, 664-332 BC. A large heart scarab with fine details and deep carving. On face, a central kneeling figure holds a large feather above his head; a uraeus is directly before the figure’s face, while hieroglyphs reading r’ nb hrs (“May Horus remain Lord”) are carved before and below. Some large chips on face, but otherwise good condition with traces of original dark green-black glaze. Impressive. Dimensions: 43x31mm. ($1000) 339


1241. Green jasper scarab. Southern Levant, circa 1720-1600 BC. A well-carved scarab with uncertain inscription on face containing im n h’r (possibly the name “Imenher”). Pierced for suspension. Some scratches on face, otherwise intact and attractive. Dimensions: 16x12mm. ($400) Ex Christie’s London ‘Fine Antiquities’ (10 July 1991), lot 85 (part of). More than likely from the so-called “green jasper workshop,” suspected to have been in Byblos. For discussion, see D. Collon, “The green jasper cylinder seal workshop,” Insight through images: studies in honor of Edith Porada (1986), pp. 57-70, and O. Keel, “Cylinder and stamp seals in the Southern Levant between 1800 and 1500 BC,” The Iconography of Cylinder Seals, Warburg Institute Colloquia 9 (2006), pp. 62-81.

1242. Bronze 1 qedet weight. Near Eastern, 2nd millennium BC. A weight of 9.0g in the form of a scorpion, corresponding to 1 qedet. Earthen green patina. Intact. Dimensions: 25x16mm. ($500) Type as Hendin, Weights 160. See also CNG 87 (18 May 2011), lot 2230 for a similar example that hammered at $1100.

1243. Bronze punch. Skythia (Western Skythian Empire), circa 3rd-1st centuries BC. A bronze punch, made in similar fashion to a coin die. The face is worked in relief for the hammering of repoussé decoration on metal plates (likely of gold, following the usual Skythian fashion), and depicts an eagle standing left, with wings raised, attacking a serpent held in its talons. Exceptional condition and with an attractive jade green patina. Dimensions: 31x26x21mm. ($1000)

340


Classical Numismatic Group, Inc.

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