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Sustainable Mixed-Use Districts: Mitigating Land-Use Conflicts in Industrial Cities C7002B Sustainable Urban Development 7,5 credits HT-2015


Introduction 1. Project Site & Mission

Course leader: Teaching Assistants: Lecturers:

External lecturers/ Jury:

Agatino Rizzo Joakim Carlsson Johan Johansson Kristina Nilsson David Chapman Sofia Löfgren Francesco Domenico Moccia (University of Naples) Daniel Galland (Aalborg University) Malin Jansson (Luleå Kommun)

Luleå is a city characterized by many industrial developments within its inhabited urban core. This has been mainly the consequence of the historic vocation of the city as an industrial and harbor hub for resource-rich Norrbotten, in the north of Sweden. It is also crucially the result of previous land use policies and master plans that have facilitated the proliferation of industrial areas throughout the city. However, during the last decades the city has been able to diversify its economy towards the service sector and increasingly towards the knowledge industry (see the Aurorum area and the expansion of the university campus). This, in turn, has attracted new residents from within the region and abroad and therefore has boosted the demand for dwellings in the urban core. This rapid demographic growth coupled with an increasing percentage of the population with a tertiary education has exacerbated the land use conflict between residential and industrial areas. It has also further the social and spatial divides within the city. The aim of this course is to map these divides and the infrastructural gaps of Luleå’s residential areas encroached by industrial clusters to suggest strategies and interventions to mitigate the existing and future potential land use conflicts. 2. Project Phases Students have worked in groups and will focus each on specific conflict areas. The project was articulated in the following steps: Analyses 1. Definition of the Study areas: identifying the logical boundary of residential areas threatened by land-use conflicts. 2. Survey of the identified areas: mapping for each area volumes (heights), density (pop/ha), land use (residential, mixed-use, commercial, industrial, etc.), street network, pedestrian and bicycle tracks, and social divides and type of conflicts (observations and qualitative mapping). 3. Assess the study areas: measuring for each area the extent of the conflict (small medium, large), infrastructural gap (including, streets, sidewalks, parks, schools, etc.), the maintenance of existing infrastructures (poor, acceptable, excellent), and the population reach (low, medium, high density). Vision 4. SWOT Analysis: based on the results of the analyses, underpinning strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats for the areas. 5. Vision: a short statement followed by achievable goals. 6. Spatial Strategies: a large map of the areas showing how the vision will be implemented in the area. Interventions 7. Detailed plan for each area: a detailed plan for the assigned areas that is consistent with the group’s vision and spatial strategies. 8. Projects: a number of pictures, plans, sections, and facades to explain each intervention within the area. 3. Simplified assessment matrix Indicators

Score

Extent of the Land Use Conflict

Infrastructural Gap

Maintenance Population Reach (pop/area)

1

2

3

Small (small industrial area, low environmental/ social impacts)

Medium (medium industrial cluster, concerns for environmental/social impacts)

Large (large industrial area, certain risks for environmental/social impacts)

None (the area is provided by very good public infrastructures)

Moderate (the area lacks some important public infrastructures

Lack of Basic Infrastructures (the areas lacks the most basic public infrastructures)

Well Maintained Low Density

Poor Maintenance Medium Density

Abandoned High Density

Thresholds Ranges

Actions

4-6

The area is well developed and it does not require actions in the immediate future

7-9

The areas needs actions to mitigate existing and potential land-use conflicts

10-12

The area is in urgent need of an overall strategy and interventions to mitigate land-use conflicts


Group 5 Storheden

Group 4 Skutviken

Group 2 Bergnäset

Group 3 Kronan

Group 1 Svartöstaden


Group 1 Angelica Wiklund Catrin Sjรถlund Emma Sanborn Pontus Hansson Winny Lau

Group 1 Svartรถstaden


ANALYSIS

Land use map of boundary areas. In order to address residential/industrial conflict zones, our area was separated into four land use types: green areas, commercial, residential, and industrial zones. Land use types were determined through the use of Google Maps, BlomWeb, internet research, and site visits. Preliminary research also included a tour of SSAB, a visit to the Blackis community centre, and talking with community residents. Using this research, five boundary zones were identified for further analysis: ร–stermalm, Sรถdra Hamnen, Malmudden, Lรถvskatan and Svartรถstaden.

Sustainable Urban Development Group 1. Pontus Hansson, Winny Lau, Emma Sanborn, Catrin Sjรถlund, Angelica Wiklund


ANALYSIS

ร–stermalm

Sรถdra Hamnen

Malmudden

Lรถvskatan

Svartรถstaden

Density: 20 pop/ha Threshold value: 6 Heights: 1-6 floors

Density: 17 pop/ha Threshold value: 6 Heights: 1-6 floors

Density: 25 pop/ha Threshold value: 5 Heights: 1-8 floors

Density: 25 pop/ha Threshold value: 6 Heights: 1-2,5 floors

Density: 17 pop/ha Threshold value: 10 Heights: 1-5 floors, 1-33 floors (industrial area)

Legend

Sustainable Urban Development Group 1. Pontus Hansson, Winny Lau, Emma Sanborn, Catrin Sjรถlund, Angelica Wiklund

Assessment Analysis


VISION

Vision map for the focus area

Connected Communities: What do we see? Green Space

Cultural Places

Quality green space is lacking in our communities. Currently, Svartöberget is the unofficial recreation area which links Svartöstaden, Lövskatan and Malmudden. This area is owned by LKAB however, and access is limited. We would turn Svartöberget into an accessible, public park with biking and walking trails that connect the adjacent communities.

Cultural places can allow us to remember local history and enhance a sense of place. They can also be places that invite community to come together and create new memories. In Svartöstaden the Blackis Community Centre is a strong cultural anchor for the community, and other surrounding communities would benefit from their own cultural places. In Lövskotan we envision the creation of a space next to the railroad tracks with inexpensive rent that invites startup companies and other creative projects into the building. This area could soften the industrial boundary at the edge of the community.

Soft Mobility Networks Well-connected soft mobility networks will entice residents out of their cars and onto their bikes. Such as the Ice Road allows people to enjoy the beauty of the bay in the winter, the waterfront bike path from Svartöstaden to Södra Hamnen will highlight the harbour’s summer beauty. Informative signs will share history of the area, and Luleå’s Ice Breakers and Svartöberget will become accessible destinations for summer strolls.

Density Target areas have been identified in each community for infill. These central communities are desirable places to develop to address the housing shortage without having to build new community infrastructure. Increased density can add vitality to quiet neighbourhoods.

Sustainable Urban Development Group 1. Pontus Hansson, Winny Lau, Emma Sanborn, Catrin Sjölund, Angelica Wiklund


VISION Well-connected, vibrant, liveable communities that are rooted in local history and identity

Goals

Sustainable Urban Development Group 1. Pontus Hansson, Winny Lau, Emma Sanborn, Catrin Sjรถlund, Angelica Wiklund


INTERVENTIONS

Overview of the focus area. New development shown in orange

Green and White Space

Density

Green space in the area has been improved in both quality and quantity. Extension of Svartöberget Park through LKAB’s unused land both increases the size of the park, and provides Lövskatan with much closer connection to the park. Clearly marked entrances will transform it from a best kept secret, to a public treasure that is accessible to all.

Much-needed housing has been added in three areas:

Svartöparken is a new park that enjoys a waterfront view of the icebreakers. This activity park has something for everyone: outdoor ping pong tables, a lawn bowling green, an agility/offleash dog park, and an outdoor gym. This will be a great place to pass time and experience neighbourhood life. The southwestern exposure means the park will benefit from all available sunlight hours. Connecting Silo Park to the ice road will help connect this area to the rest of Luleå, and provide easier access to white infrastructure for our southern neighbourhoods. The Silos will be illuminated from the outside, creating a warm, light atmosphere in the dark of winter, and the changing colours can also indicate ice conditions and outdoor temperature. Outdoor fireplaces in the park will make it a winter destination, and public space inside the silos will provide shelter from winter wind.

1. New single-detached housing and apartment buildings in Svartöbrinken will add new vitality to the area and make space for about 100 new residents. 2. The creation of Svartöberget will invite approximately 280 new residents into the area with single-detached housing. 3. Dense development close to the city centre will make room for a possible 2,300 residents in townhouses and two to five storey apartment complexes in the new neighbourhood of Svartöviken. Added density calls for additional road infrastructure. A much-needed second access road has been added for Svartöstaden which exits Svartöbrinken in the north, and connects to city centre. Access roads have been created to the new community of Svartöberget as well.

Street view of the family neighbourhood of Svartöberget

Trappan is a new development close to Silo Park and downtown that provides open green space to relax and enjoy the harbour view.

Section of Bergvägen

Section of Svartöberget

Outdoor gym in Svartöparken

Looking from the water towards Svartöviken

Sustainable Urban Development Group 1. Pontus Hansson, Winny Lau, Emma Sanborn, Catrin Sjölund, Angelica Wiklund


INTERVENTIONS

Overview of mobility network for the focus area

Cultural Places Siloparken is located close to town centre, and will serve as a park for cultural events. Existing silos can be used as a backdrop for outdoor film nights, or lit up for waterfront concerts. A horizontal silo would make an exciting feature for a waterfront skateboard park. This reinterpretation of industrial infrastructure both acknowledges the history of the area, and provides a new experience of “industrial”. In Lövskatan we have created a space next to the railroad tracks with inexpensive rent that invites new startups and other creative projects into the neighbourhood. A community bike repair shop, community cafe, recycled art market or creation space would be fitting additions. This could be a Maker Space for the area which enables the creative expression of the neighbourhood. This Maker Space could be a unique way to link the recycling centre that will be moving into the area from Kronan with the community, as well as act as a physical buffer between the community and the railroad tracks.

Soft Mobility Networks The addition of a waterfront path that connects downtown to Svartöstaden will make biking and walking to the city centre much more attractive and enjoyable. Previously Svartöstaden has been a place that you only go to if you live or work there, but the waterfront path will make it a natural extension of south harbour. This will allow Luleå residents to discover the hidden treasures of Svartöstaden like Svartöberget, and the newly created Siloparken and Svartöparken. Several walking trails across Svartöberget already exist, and further trails will be developed so that the surrounding communities can easily access each other by foot and by bike. Clear trail access will be marked in four locations: behind Blackis community centre, in the new neighbourhood of Svartöviken, Svartöbrinken, and by the pedestrian and cycle bridge. This bridge allows easy access to the park from the north east, allowing residents to avoid the industrial area of SSAB.

Map before interventions

Trappan: Open space to relax and enjoy the water-

Waterfront path next to Svartöviken

Ski track on Svartöberget

Silopark in the winter with BBQs

Map of infrastructural changes

Looking from Malmudden towards Svartöberget

Sustainable Urban Development Group 1. Pontus Hansson, Winny Lau, Emma Sanborn, Catrin Sjölund, Angelica Wiklund


Group 2 Alexandra Fornander Alyzza Kim Ty Hussein Ali Jennie Larsson Maja Edsvik Mark Angelo Vibanor

Group 2 Bergn채set


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Group 3 Alexander Karlsson Louise Larsson Maria Hansson Sofia Skarpsv채rd Group 3 Kronan


DenCITY

« ANALYSIS »

Mitigating land use conflicts in industrial cities

KRONAN

The chosen sub area is the Kronan area because the majority of the rest of our designated area is covered by forest. The Kronan area has both industries (small-scale) and residential areas which makes it vulnerable regarding land use conflicts.

Björkskatafjärden

LAND USE Svartövägen

Residential area Industrial area

Skurholmsfjärden

65°35’40’N 22°11’10’Ö

Mixed use area

100

0

Context

300

400

500 m

Land use by residential areas and industrial areas can be in conflict with each other by “sharing” the same general area and having conflicting interests. The size and extent of industries and infrastructure and residential development also changes the scope of the land use conflict.

The Project This project pertains to the land use conflicts between industrial and residential areas in the city of Luleå, where each group is designated an area in Luleå to mitigate the land use confilicts. Our project group’s focus area is the bigger light grey marked area in the map above. When looking at the physical structure and its functions a conclusion was that there is really only a land use conflicts (between industries and residentials) in a small part of this area, which is also illustrated above as the darker grey area.

Björkskatafjärden

History The Kronan area is an old military area. The area was taken over by the municipality in 1993 when the military activity moved to Boden. A comprehensive plan for the area was adopted in 2004 with the aim of developing new housing areas, businesses and services.

200

DENSITY

Svartövägen

The map illustrates the population density in the different areas, based on housing averages. Coloured areas represent density averages from roughly 20 people per hectar up to 350 people per hectar, with the highest population density in the Lulsundsberget area.

DENSITY

The area has historically been mostly covered by forest and has only recently been the subject of city expansion and construction. As a result, residential areas and industrial areas are scattered throughout the area with a lot of green areas inbetween. The area is now subject to more city expansion than ever before, with several residential areas being built in a short amount of time.

0 - 20 persons/hektar 20 - 40 persons/hektar 40 - 60 persons/hektar

Skurholmsfjärden

150 - 250 persons/hektar 250 - 350 persons/hektar

0

100

200

300

400

500 m

Björkskatafjärden

HEIGHTS This determines the height of the buildings in the different areas. The yellow areas have buildings with 1 to 3 storeys in them, and the red area (Lulsundsberget) has buildings with 12 to 14 storeys.

Svartövägen

STREETS Björkskatafjärden

This is the network of streets and road connections in the area.

Svartövägen

Main street network

Skurholmsfjärden

Local street network

Skurholmsfjärden

Pedestrian and bicycle network

1 - 3 storey buildings 12 - 14 storey buildings

0

100

200

300

400

0

100

200

300

400

500 m

500 m

Alexander Karlsson, Louise Larsson, Sofia Skarpsvärd & Maria Hansson

Sustainable Urban Development - C7002B


DenCITY

« ANALYSIS »

Mitigating land use conflicts in industrial cities

Logementsgatan 3 Luleå Municipality’s department for operation and maintenance have offices, vehicle fleet, workshops and storage at Logementsgatan 3. A large area is therefore occupied mostly by parking lots and aesthetically unattractive buildings surrounded by fences. Right between this lot and the electrical station there is a residential area with villas, disturbed by both sites and their businesses and also prevented from expanding because of the land the businesses occupy.

Kronan’s recycling facility Kronan’s recycling facility is located at a central site of the analysed area. The business covers a large area where Luleå’s residents are able to leave the waste unsuitable for regular waste disposal, such as hazardous waste. The business causes heavy car traffic to and from the site, noise and an unsafe environment for children, which affects a high percentage of the residential areas at Kronan beacuse of the location of the recycling facility.

Electrical Station There is an electrical station located at Logementsgatan today. The site consists of four small, one storey industrial houses with a power line attached to one of them. The power line is connected to the residential areas on the opposite side of Björkskataleden. The large poles and lines, in addition to the site surrounded by a high fence, are today a disturbing part of the environment both because of the aesthetical aspect and by the industry’s function. This is especially affecting the residential areas at Logementsgatan and on Lulsundsberget.

Kronan F6 Björkskatafjärden

The buildings at Kronan F6 appear to be storages both in form of a large storage building and garages. The business itself might not be heavy or disturbing for residents in Kronan, but the maintenance of the site is poor and creates an unsafe environment during evenings and nights. Its placement is central and separates the residential areas from each other and from Kronans center.

Svartövägen

Skurholmsfjärden

Residential area Areas of conflict

INDICATORS 1

SCORE 2

3

Medium (medium industrial cluster, concerns for environmental/social impacts)

Large (large industrial area, certain risks for environmental/social impacts)

Extent of the Land Use Conflict

Small (small industrial area, low environmental/social impacts)

Infrastructural Gap

None (the area is provided by very good public infrastructures)

Moderate (the area lacks some important public infrastructures)

Lack of Basic Infrastructures (the areas lacks the most basic public infrastructures)

Maintenance

Well maintained

Poor maintenance

Abandoned

Population Reach (pop/area) TOTAL IMPACT (T)

Low density

Medium density

High density

CONCLUSIONS FROM THE ASSESSMENT In table 1 the researched area of Kronan has been evaluated regarding the conflict the industrial areas create. Since the industry is rather small scaled, but with big sprawl, the extent of land use conflict has been evaluated as medium. Today Kronan is relatively isolated when it comes to public transportation, and the majority of the transportation is done by car, hence the medium score in the infrastructural gap section. The buildings, industry and infrastructure is rather old, and the maintenance of these parts is a big contrast to the brand new buildings. Compared to Luleå as a whole the population density is low in Kronan. Most of the residential areas consists of villas and are therefore covering a large area with few residents. The area also has a high percentage of green areas in shape of forests. The evaluation of above mentioned aspects gave Kronan a score of 7, which as seen in table 2 is a medium score; “the area needs actions to mitigate existing and potential land use conflicts”.

RANGE

7

4-6

The area is well developed and it does not require actions in the immediate future

7-9

The area needs actions to mitigate existing and potential land-use conflicts

Table 1. Assessment sheet

10 - 12

The area is in urgent need of an overall strategy and interventions to mitigate landuse conflicts

Table 2. Range sheet

Alexander Karlsson, Louise Larsson, Sofia Skarpsvärd & Maria Hansson

Sustainable Urban Development - C7002B


DenCITY « VISION »

Site assessment, urban design goals and objectives

SW OT

STRENGTHS Green areas inbetween residential and industrial area Small scale industries in the area Close to recreational areas (waterfront and Ormberget) Close to the city center Industries creates job opportunities in the area Job opportunities in the area combined with residential areas creates movement all day

SWOT ANALYSIS

Modern residential areas creates attractiveness

To get a better understanding of the Kronan area its strengts, weaknesses, opportunities and threaths have been evaluated.

OPPORTUNITIES A lot of areas for future development / densification Possibility to integrate small scale industries Possibility to easily connect the residential areas Small scale industries can more easily be relocated if necessary Extensive green areas can create qualitative recreational areas nearby the residential areas

GOAL 1 Connected residential areas through densification

WEAKNESSES Big sprawl of the residential areas in the area Poor maintenance of infrastructure Big differences in topology creates barriers (especially for children, older and disabled people) Lack of public transportation Gates and fences to the industrial areas creates an unwelcoming impression The industries in the area creates a feeling of unsafety Industrial areas creates an unsafe environment for children and youths

THREATS The industrial areas can be replaced with other industries that have a bigger impact on the environment or residents If not planned properly segregation can increase between the industries and the residential areas Gentrification can occur when the area develops Abandoned industries can create empty and unsafe areas Too much exploitation can lower the quality of the green areas

GOAL 2 Clearly defined centre with high accessibility

GOAL 3 Local initiatives are retained to prevent gentrification

VISION An integrated mixture of residentials, green areas and small scale industry

VISION & GOALS From above SWOT and previous analysis a vision has been set up, with four goals for how the vision will be achieved.

GOAL 4 A densified area creates more enviromentally friendly transportation habits

Alexander Karlsson, Louise Larsson, Sofia Skarpsvärd & Maria Hansson

Sustainable Urban Development - C7002B


DenCITY « VISION »

Spatial strategy and local development framework

MOVEMENT PATTERN

Björkskatafjärden Park

Svartövägen

Local center

Movement pattern Green and recreational movement pattern

Skurholmsfjärden

100

0

200

300

400

In the area the movement patterns are built up by four different flows and two green flows. The most essential one is the one that flows through the area and connects with the local center. The green and recreational movement patterns are also connecting the area with Ormberget which is an important resource nearby the area. The other movement patterns attach the area to the waterfront and also to Luleå city centre.

500 m

REDEVELOPMENT The mapped out subareas here represent different changes for the area. Some subareas will be phased out from the area and others that are considered important for the area will be enhanced. One subarea will be moved to the local center. These changes of the subareas will contribute to achieve the vision for the project.

Björkskatafjärden

Svartövägen Local center

Phase off Enhance

Skurholmsfjärden

Move

UNIVERSITY 0

100

200

300

400

500 m

ORMBERGET

3

2 Björkskatafjärden

1. Waterfront Björkskatafjärden 2. Residential area #2

1

3. Residential area #3

8

4. Waterfront Skurholmsfjärden

7

5. Residential area, Lulsundsberget 6. Local center (development area) 7. Residential area #4

Svartövägen

5

8. Local park (development area)

6

4

CONNECTIVITY SURROUNDING AREAS A goal for the final design proposal is that different parts in the area aim to connect to important surrounding areas. Important connections are mapped out and will be a foundation for the more detailed plan in the final proposal. The important surrounding areas are the University, Ormberget (the local green/ recreational area), the city center and the nearby residential area Kronanbacken. The key areas (within the defined area) are both areas that are important today but also the areas that are in focus for redevelopment.

Skurholmsfjärden

0

CITY CENTER

100

200

300

400

500 m

KRONAN BACKEN

DenCITY Alexander Karlsson, Louise Larsson, Sofia Skarpsvärd & Maria Hansson

« An integrated mixture of residentials, green areas and small scale industry » Sustainable Urban Development - C7002B


DenCITY MASTER PLAN This is where our concept of DenCITY comes in. The new residential and commercial district will be centered around the park and will contain denser, taller structures close to the park and shorter, less dense structures further away, connecting the new area with the old cultural neighbourhood in the south of the new city centre and to the waterfront in the west. The new district will additionally have roads connected to the surrounding residential areas, which increases the connectivity in the area. The new city centre will also have a public transportation station for buses to connect the area to the rest of Luleå. The Luleå Municipality department for operation and maintenance is moved into this area and Kronan’s recycling facility is moved out of the Kronan area. Forest area is preserved inbetween the existing terraced house areas and the new center to achieve a green and attractive area. This creates a dense, city-like neighborhood which also is close to nature and recreational space.

Ormberget

Björkskatafjärden

Svartövägen

Skurholmsfjärden

0

100

200

300

400

3,5

2,5

2,0

3,5

3,5

2,0

2,5

3,5 m

3,5

2,5

2,0

3,5

3,5

2,0

2,5

3,5 m

500 m

New buildings Preserved buildings Park Forest Main network - 23 m Local network - 14 m Pedestrian / bike network - 7 m

SECTIONS

Urban garden plots

The bike path has been prioritised in both seasons, with the possibility of using the bike path during the winter as a skiing path. This also creates space to dump excess snow during the winter.

Playground

Theatre/concert place Pond Social meeting point

Outdoor gym

THE PARK The intention is to create a dense city centre with easy access to green spaces. This intention resulted in a park inbetween the highest density city blocks. The park and the dense centre will encourage a pattern of human activity along our movement pattern which was presented in the strategy. The park connects the area to the important surrounding areas; Ormberget and Lulsundsberget. The local bus stop is situated in the intersection of the park and the extended city center.During the summer there will be many different social activities in the park, from an outdoor gym to an outdoor concert plot and a skating park. During the winter there will be an iceskating circuit on the pond and a skiing path connection between Ormberget and Lulsundsberget through the park. The high amount of different activities in the park will contribute to a social and lively district center.

Skateboard park

Commercial

Residentials

Residential

Storage

Offices

Low density 1-2 floors

High density 4-5 floors

Medium density 3-4 floors

DISTRIBUTION OF DENSITIES / LANDUSE IN THE AREA

Offices

Commercial / Mixed use

DISTRIBUTION OF FUNCTIONS


DenCITY EXTENDED CITY CENTER

The new extended city center is defined by a number of things. First of all, street near, transparent facades are facing the new street on all ground floors in the denser areas. The intention is to achieve a “city-like” feeling on this new main street. The transparent facades contributes to a greater visual contact between indoors and outdoors which creates a livelier street. The design of the roofs with their varied foorms also contributes to a more lively and visualy stimulationg neighborhood. Trees are planted throughout the street, not only for the visual benefits but also to separate the walking- and bicycle/skiing tracks from the car road.

VARIED ROOF FORMS

TRANSPARENT FACADES

RESIDENTIALS ON TOP FLOORS RETAIL / MIXED USE ON GROUND FLOOR

THE CITY PARK

The goal with the new city park is to convey a feeling of liveliness and activity in the area, all year around. To attract people to the park, create more “green” movement and connect to nearby recreational areas. This feeling will be further enhanced by all the social activities in the park, such as a concert/theatre area, a skate park, urban garden plots, a playground and spaces for ice skating on the pond during wintertime. Skiing tracks will also be prepared throughout the area during winter time. This creates a new connection of soft transportation between Lulesundsberget and Ormberget. The intersection between the extended city center and the park becomes the core in the area and will function as a local landmark and social meeting point.

THEATRE / CONCERT SPACE SOCIAL MEETING POINT

PLAYGROUND / SKATE PARK


Group 4 Anna Josephson Clive Rice Ekstedt Isabella Eriksson-Lindberg Johan Torbjรถrnsson Sara Hultqvist Group 4 Skutviken


CROSSING BARRIERS

GROUP 4

Isabella Eriksson-Lindberg Clive Rice Ekstedt Johan Torbjörnsson Sara Hultqvist Anna Josephson

ANALYSIS AREA

RESIDENTIAL AREAS

Today Luleå is a optemistic city with great belief in the future. With an expanding city centre the land use conflict between industries and residentials becomes more visible when space for expansion narrows. This phenomena is here looked into for a specific part of Luleå. Conflicts have been indentified in areas where homes and industries meet. The conflicts do not need to be critical and regions should therefore be further analyzed to ascertain when conflicts becomes a problem and from there finding a solutions to make the situation better. From a sustainable perspective indstruies often effect the organic develepment in an negative way with emissions and waste. However, they can have positive effects from an economic perspective and since they are located close to housing areas, perhaps, their social impact from a sustainable view is of greatest interest.

COMMERCIAL AREAS

Many industries create great barriers in form of parking areas, traffic and noise. They also prevent the residential areas from interacting with closeby neighborhoods and connections to other disctrics are prohibited. The five conflicts identified are all close to industrial areas. The areas all have different characteristics and this require us to look closely at them to get a clearer picture of what affect the conflict has and how it can be solved.

INDUSTRIAL AREAS

STREET NETWORK

GREEN AREAS

Residential areas

TOPOGRAPHY

Industial areas Public buildnings

1 Notviken In this area there is a conflict between a smaller industrial area and a neighbour-

IDENTIFIED CONFLICTS

hood with detached houses. The industrial area consists of three different types of businesses of a larger scale. The neighbourhood contains 175 dwellings and the number of people in the area is approximately 525. The detached houses mainly have 1-2 floors and the industries have 2-4 floors. The street network consists of smaller streets in the housing area and larger roads with a lot of traffic that passes north of the area. There is one path for pedestrians and bicycles that passes by the water towards the area of Storheden. A railway leads in to the industrial area where a railway depot lies. The conflict in the area is that the industries and the railway can be disturbing for the residents and that the industrial area can give an unsafe feeling to bicycles and pedestrians.

2 Porsögården Porsögården is a student housing area close to the university. Next to it the new-

ly built Facebook server room. The student area consist of almost 70 houses ranging from 1 to 4 floors high with accommodation for around 400 hundred persons. Separating these two areas is a smaller road which is connecting both areas to the university and the rest of Luleå. A well-developed but sometimes poorly maintained bicycle system exists in Porsögården. There is not today any direct conflicts between the Facebook server room and the residential area since a road and forest is separating them.

3 Tuna An area divided in two by the Boden road. On one side industries ranging from car

sellers to interior design stores and with buildings that are between 1 and 4 stories high. In the area a basic bicycle network is squeezed in between the existing road network. On the east side the railway goes along the whole area down towards the train station. On the other side there is a larger residential area consisting of houses of 1 to 2 floors high. This residential area approximately consist of 180 houses with a population of around 500 inhabitants. Here we see a moderate bicycle network and smaller streets connecting all houses. The conflict here is the busy Boden road and the location of the industries which cuts of the housing area from the university and a possible itinerary down to Luleå centrum. With a busy day comes a deserted nighttime that leads to a feeling of insecurity traveling through at night.

4 Klintbacken This area covers both the industrial area Ytterviken and the student residential area Klint-

backen and is located south of the university towards the city centre. The industries in Ytterviken mainly consist of supply areas, offices and services. Klintbacken is a housing area for students and includes five houses with a total number of 65 apartments. The number of floors of the student residents is 5-6 and 1-2 for the industries. The whole area is 33 hectares and the size of the population is approximately 350 people that give 10 residents per hectare. The street network consists of medium sized roads which cars, pedestrians and bicycles have to share. There are no separate walking- or bicycle paths. The conflict in this area is that the industries create a barrier between the student housing area and the university. The industrial area feels unsafe to pass and there is also a forest that you have to go through to reach the housing area.

5 Skutviken With an occupation of 1600 people the residential area of Munkeberg makes up an

area of approximately 30 hectares, mostly consisting of housings and residents. This place is were the industrial area comes in clash with a residential area. The land areas is visible and contributes to a more segregated community. The large road Bodevägen that runs between the different parts of the area acts as a barrier that separates the spaces and creates a less dynamic society.


CROSSING BARRIERS

GROUP 4

Isabella Eriksson-Lindberg Clive Rice Ekstedt Johan Torbjörnsson Sara Hultqvist Anna Josephson

ANALYSIS AREA

1

2

Notviken

Porsögården

3

4

Tuna

Klintbacken

5

Skutviken

LAND USE Industrial Residential Green space Water

HIGHTS 8

1

STREET NETWORK Streets

Bicycle and pedestrian paths

Railways

CONFLICTS

To decide the extent of the conflict an assessment matrix are used. The five conflicts are rated with regards to the extent of the conflict, the infrastructure, the maintenance of existing infrastructures and the population reach. The grades are based on own observations. The final score decides wich conflicts are the most critical and needs to be developed.

IDENTIFIED PROBLEMS NO MIXED USE

Thresholds

BODENVÄGEN 4-6

The area is well developed and it does not require actions in the immediate future

7-9

The area needs action to mitigate existing and potential land-use conflicts

10-12

Indicator

SEGREGATION YTTERVIKEN

The area is in urgent need of an overall strategy and interventions to mitigate land-use conflicts

Notviken

Porsögården

Tuna

Klintbacken

Skutviken

Extent of the land use conflict

1

1

2

2

3

Infrastructual Gap

2

2

2

2

2

Maintenance

1

1

1

3

2

Population Reach (Pop/area)

2

2

2

1

3

Total Impact

6

6

7

8

10

BARRIERS NOTVIIKEN RAILWAY

UNSAFE BICYCLE PEDESTIRAN PATHS

SAFETY LACK OF GREEN SPACES

LARGE PARKING AREAS

POOR LIGHTNING


CROSSING BARRIERS

GROUP 4

Isabella Eriksson-Lindberg Clive Rice Ekstedt Johan Torbjörnsson Sara Hultqvist Anna Josephson

VISION

SWOT ANALYSIS

Klintbacken

Skutviken

Tuna

VISION Our goal for the future is to establish a more Integrated and vibrant city. Therefore it is important to extend the city centre to the outer layers of the urban space. To achieve this, large industrial clusters that are in land use conflict and do not contribute to their respective area will be moved to more industrial friendly places. The existing light industrial businesses that flourish and contribute to the space will be kept to achieve a small retailer feeling to the region. Nature plays an important role if a more vivid and environmentally friendly space is to be formed, therefore it is significant to keep the urban city intact with it. By moving large Industrial clusters and putting nature in the centre of attention, a more attractive space and city can be obtained while rising the value of the urban space. If Luleå is to expand and become a metropolis, it is important to minimise the barriers between the different parts of the suburban city to achieve a more dynamic and integrated society. A vital point to integrate the city areas is by reducing the speed limits and number of lanes on the Bodenvägen. This change will give the urban space a more appealing inner city state that can be easily managed. By developing a new and strong infrastructure, the industrial and residential areas can be linked together with better, safer promenades and bicycle roads to achieve a more exuberant and safer urban space. A crucial role to achieve this is by developing the travelling center of Notviken that will come to play an important role in how people choose to travel in the future. Therefore, further development of the station is needed. Through integration of residential and industrial areas a more mixed land use can be achieved. Meaning that a more vivid space can be acquired during different times of the day. With the addition of the green areas, a more sustainable spaces can be obtained in the city centre, making it a warmer and friendly place. The link between the university and the city center is a very crucial link if Luleå is to expand as a city. Byintegrating Klintbacken and Ytterviken though building along the bank, a stronger link between the segregated areas can be achieved.

GOALS

“STRENGTHENING THE URBAN VIBE TO CREATE OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE CITY CENTRE TO EXPAND NORTH”

STRATEGY

BETTER INTEGRATION WITHIN THE CONFLICTED AREAS

ADDING GREENSPACES TO CREATE SPONTANEOUS MEETING POINTS

CREATING A MORE VIVID SPACE DURING DIFFERENT TIMES OF THE DAY BY ADDING A MIXTURE OF HOUSING, RETAIL AND OFFICES IN THE FORMER INDUSTRIAL AREAS

DESIFYING THE FORMER INDUSTRIAL AREAS

PLANNING ON A HUMAN SCALE WITH APPEALING ARCHITECTURE

OVERCOMING BARRIERS

DECREASED SPEEDLIMITS AND NUMBER OF LANES ON BODENVÄGEN

REDIRECTING THE HEAVY TRAFFIC TO THE E4 ROUTE

CONNECTING KLINTBACKEN WITH LTU

GREEN SPACES CONNECTING INDUSTRIAL AND RESIDENTIAL AREAS

AN EXTENT NETWORK OF PEDESTRIAN AND BICYCLE PATHS

SHORTEN THE EXPERIENCED DICTANCES THROUGH THE CONFLICT AREAS

CREATING SAFER BICYCLE AND PEDESTRIAN PATHS WITH LIGHTING AND SEPARATION FROM CAR TRAFFIC

LESS PARKING AREAS

DEVELOPING NOTVIKEN TRAIN STATION

PRIORITIZING WALKING AND CYCLING

DECREASED CAR DEPENDENCE

CONNECTING AREAS WITH MORE INVITING GREEN CORRIDORS

BETTER PUBLIC TRANSPORT


CROSSING BARRIERS

GROUP 4

Isabella Eriksson-Lindberg Clive Rice Ekstedt Johan Torbjörnsson Sara Hultqvist Anna Josephson

VISION LAND USE

GREEN SPACES

CONNECTIONS AND INTEGRATION

A

B

B C

A

Connecting Klintbacken with LTU

New resdidential areas

B

Integrating residential and industrial areas

Water

C

Connecting the city centre with Skutviken

Mixed use By mixing industrial functions with housing, buissness and retail the area becoms vivid during all times of the day.

Green spaces

New green spaces

Crossing the barrier between residential and industrial areas.

STREET NETWORK

Bodenvägen

Decreasing the speedlimit and the number of lanes to reduse the barrier between the industrial and residential areas

S

Redirecting heavy traffic to E4 route

Existing Bicycle- pedestrian paths

New Bicycle- pedestrian paths Extendning the bicycle pedestrian paths to make it easier to access the diffrent areas and connecting them to Luleå city

S

S

Train station


CROSSING BARRIERS

GROUP 4

Isabella Eriksson-Lindberg Clive Rice Ekstedt Johan Torbjörnsson Sara Hultqvist Anna Josephson

INTERVENTION THE AREA Skutviken was the most critical area according to the analysis and was in urgent need of a transformation. Today the industrial and the residetial areas are very seperated. The area will be devoloped into a more vivid space with a mix of residentials, offices and commercial buildings. A rough calculation shows that the new area will hold about 2000 new residents. To achieve our goal to create a more urban vibe in the area it was necessary to move large industrial buildings and big car dealerships with large parking areas. These are instead moved to Storheden which is a more suitable area for this kind of functions. In this way there will be new space for new blocks and buildings. The buildings will have a mixture of functions – retail on the ground level with offices or residential on top. This will make the area more vivid during all times of the day. The new plan will be denser, with more narrow streets and smaller parking areas. The buildings are relatively low today and can be made higher to make it feel more like a part of the city. Some functions in the area can be moved to the new more attractive buildings that fits better into the new plan. In the future , the area will include more dwellings where the residentials receive an attractive location close to Lulea city center.

NEW BUILDNINGS GREEN AREAS & PUBLIC SPACE

The new blocks are made on a smaller scale to create an urban feeling. There are private or semi-private courtyards at all blocks to provide the residents with possibilities of urban gardens. The number of levels of the buildings are between 4-6. The buildings closest to the railway will include offices and retail and the buildings closest to Bodenvägen will iclude mainly housing. Some of the former buildings are worth saving, for example LLTs office, Kvantum and Team Sportia but needs some renovation.

Green areas are added to connect the residential- and the industrial area. By adding trees to the bigger roads these will be safer and more attractive. This will integrate the two areas and make it easier to get from one side to the other. A park is placed in the area and can be used during both summer and winter. The park area is located near the water and a walkway is placed along the shoreline. Coop arena is the largest attraction in the area today. It is used for different events, for instance concerts, exhibitions and of course ice hockey. The former parking area infron of the arena will be made into a public space with restaurants, shops and cafés around it. The parking space will instead be moved into a parkinghouse that can be used during daytime by people working in the area and by visitors of Coop arena during night.

HIGHTS/DENSITY 6 floors or moore 5 4 3 2 Already existing bulidnings

AFTER

BEFORE

STREET NETWORK The new street network has smaller blocks with more narrow streets. Some parts of the former network is saved but used in a different way. Smaller parking areas and a new grid structure makes the area feel more urban. The goal is to decrease the car dependence when going to the city centre. To prevent Bodenvägen from being such a barrier as it is today, it will get a new roll and act as a boulevard that integrates the residential and former industrial space. To achieve this the number of lanes for cars will be decreased to only one in each direction. There will instead be two buslanes in the middle to help the busses move more efficient, and separated walking and bicycle lanes in each direction. The bus lines will be also used for emergencies by police, fire department and ambulances. There will be four level crossings on Bodenvägen for both cars and bicycles. This transformation will change the dynamics of the space and create a more lively and secure inner city.

B

To encourage people to make more use of the local traffic the speed limit on Bodevägen will be decreased to 50 km/h. This will mean a decreased noise from traffic in the neighbourhood of Munkeberg. The speed limit on Midgårdsvägen will also be decreased to 30 km/h to make the road more secure and give it the feeling of an inner city street.

Bus stop

BICYCLE PEDESTRIAN PATHS

SOLUTIONS TO CRITICAL POINTS Critical points where pedstrian and cyclists feel insecure and unsafe, such as tunnels and crossings.

N GE VÄ EN

D BO

N

E ÄG NV DE

New extention of the bicykle- pedestrian paths.

BO

Exsisting bicykle pedestrian paths

One of the goals was to decrease the car dependence in the area and Prioritizing pedestian- bicycle paths. The area will be connected to both LTU and Luleå city centre.

CROSSING BODENVÄGEN TODAY To cross Bodenvägen by bike today you need to use tunnels. Tunnels makes people feel unsafe and is not a good option for crossing the road at night.

CROSSING BODENVÄGEN Instead of using the tunnels the crossings will be on ground level.

EXTENTION The existing pedestrian bicycle paths are limited. By extending the allready existing paths we connect the important roads making it easier to move from the area to the city centre or the university.


CROSSING BARRIERS

GROUP 4

Isabella Eriksson-Lindberg Clive Rice Ekstedt Johan Torbjörnsson Sara Hultqvist Anna Josephson

INTERVENTION SECTIONS

BODENVÄGEN

STREET IN NEW RESIDENTIAL AREA

MIDGÅRDSVÄGEN

LEGEND Mainly residential

Mainly offices

Mixed use/ Commersial

Green space

Courtyards (private or semi private)

ID M G ÅR G

DS

Parking areas

EN

Water

Parkinghouse Coop Arena Roof for weather protection Fast track for bicycles

BOD

Cultural building

ENV EN

ÄG

Smaller green areas with seatings Playground Park area

Active sports area

Pier along the shoreline

SV

AR

G

EN

MODEL OF THE NEW AREA

Bodenvägen

Midgårdsvägen


Group 5 Storheden

Group 5 Moujan Memar Mustafa Galali Nawid Ferhady Suzanna Tรถrnroth Sรถren ร–berg


Storheden in Change N Main highway link between Storheden and Lulea City Center.

A N A L Y S I S

STORHEDEN

Area Selection Reasons behind the selection: The area was selected for its interesting, but terrible, integration of different land uses. The area has a large potential to produce an urban landscape, especiallly since Storheden is the existing commercial heart for Luleå (or even for Norrbotten at large). However, it has failed to form such an urban landscape, leaving the land to become a host for dilapidated industrial buildings, destroyed asphalt, and neglected raw materials. This project is thus, concerned with fulfilling the full potential of Storheden.

Some area facts: The residential neighbourhood included in the area was built in 1973 and named Ektjärn; after the nearby lake Ektjärnen.The industrial/commercial area is locked between Storsandsvägen and Ektjärnsvägen and named after old areas Storsand and Nordantillheden. City architect Hennig Gjörup named the commercial area Storheden in the 1970s. Although initially planned in 1960 to function as an industrial block, it is more well-known today for functioning as the commercial heart of Luleå, where more than 30 different commercial and retail centers exist. The area is 8km from Luleå Center and 4 km to Gammelstaden. It is accessible by bus or car. Free parking within the commercial area is provided.

Land Use Distribution (Figure 3) 1. Industrial All buildings within the area (both commercial and industrial) are not taller than 3-4 storeys in height. Founded in the 70s and developed further within the following decade. Characterised by large spans of uneven, old asphalted land areas and poor use of space.

CITY CENTER

0 200 400 600 800 1000 M

2. Commercial Commercial parts mostly built and developed during 1990 and 2000. Most companies (ranging from Biltema to DjurMagazinet) have buildings on their own, with the exception of Storheden City’s main building.

Location Observations

3. Residential The density of gammelstad, which is the closest residential block, is average eight people per hectare. The residential neighbourhood comprises detached family houses with 1-2 storeys, and some apartments with 3-4 storeys. 4. Water Protection Zones The water protection zones exist to protect the region’s drinking water. There are 5 zones; Water source zone, Primary protection zone and Secondary protection zone. In the process of this project, we are in contact with the Secondary protection zone; where building regulations control what is allowed and what is not. Some developments are allowed if extra care is taken to prevent water contamination (Figure 1).

Roads and Connections (Figure 3) 1. Walkways Suitable pedestrian walkways between the residential neighbourhoods and Storheden’s commercial center cease to exist (with the only connection being a small section of Gäddviksvägen). Most walkways within the area are man-made (e.g. trampled soil or across empty parking lots). 2. Biking Pathways Common usage of roads among cyclists and drivers. Hardly any bicycle-only pathways exist in the area, and those that do exist are discontinuous and do not make much sense. 3. Vehicular Roads Close proximity to the E4 and 97. All buildings within the area have direct road access. Free parking is available within Storheden which makes driving personal vehicles the priority mode of transportation. Roads are uneven and lack proper drainage systems. 4. Bus Routes The bus connections today consist of three different routes; number 8, 9 and 10. Route 8 goes 17 times a day, route 9 goes 28 times a day and route 10 goes 27 times a day (Figure 2). 5. SJ Train There is an SJ train track running nearby but it does not stop at Storheden. Moreover, it is beyond the scope of our project to discuss its current or future use.

C7002B Suzanna Törnroth, Moujan Memar, Sören Öhberg, Nawid Ferhady, Mustafa Galali

Figure 1

Figure 2


Storheden in Change A N A L Y S I S

N Detailed LandUse Areas

General Land-Use Areas

Commercial Industrial

0

100

200

300

400

Meter

Figure 3 Vehicle Road Pedestrian path Commercial Existing Industrial Residential

0

100

200

300

400

Meter

Poor maintenance:

2

Area Score

Large extent of landuse conflict:

Reasons: Lacking of smooth, even roads and proper fencing between industrial areas and public roads

3

Reasons: Large industrial area indicating risks for environmental versus social impacts

C7002B Suzanna Tรถrnroth, Moujan Memar, Sรถren ร–hberg, Nawid Ferhady, Mustafa Galali

Conclusion: The area requires actions to mitigate existing and potential land-use conflicts

Low Density:

1

Reasons: A low quantity of 8 persons per hectare Moderate infrastructural gap:

2

Reasons: Area lacks some important infrastructures, such as bicycle and pedestrian pathways

Total Score: 8


Storheden in Change Strength

Weakness

Threats

-Lack of green areas

-Large green area surrounding a water body

blocks through different transportation modes;

-No public outdoor activities

Ektjärnen available for possible land-use

namely car and bus

-Poor road conditions

-Access to major road networks: the E4 and 97

-Lack of bicycle paths

-Main cluster of commercial sectors

-Few pedestrian walkways

-Good buffer zone between

-Heavy dependence on two major road networks:

residences and industries

the 97 and E4

-Restricted growth due to protected water reservoirs

expansion

-Massive urban development may instigate

-Providing new connections (possibly via railway) protests from locals

between Storheden and Luleå Centrum

-Overloading of roads

-Large industrial land can be

-Heavy dependence on vehicular transportations

-Well-equipped with basic

V I S I O N

Opportunities

-Accessibility to both industrial and commercial

-Keeping green areas relevant to the community

reorganized for other uses

-Aesthetically unattractive

infrastructure

Current Land use

Vision:

Proposed Land use

15%

Our vision is to create a newer, more dynamic heart for the city of Luleå by transforming Storheden into a “sustainable urban neighbourhood (SUN)*” that hosts a mixed-use urban landscape that is both practical and forwardlooking.

10%

50%

40%

35%

50%

*Definition: A SUN is a small-scale, urban area within a city that comprises social, economic and environmental sustainability. The term “SUN” is significant; ‘sustainable’ relating to its longevity and reduced environmental impact, ‘urban’ relating to its location and physical character, and ‘neighbourhood’ constituting the social and economic wellbeing of the area. Industrial

(Rudlin, D. and Falk, N. (1999) Building the 21st Century Home: The Sustainable Urban Neighbourhood. Oxford: Architectural Press)

Commercial Residential Public areas and parks

HEALTH CENTER

Connectivity Triangle: The orange triangle on the map signifies the connection between the health center, the commercial center and the shore. In the middle lies the residential apartments. It shows the residential core being in close proximity to vastly different, yet accessible sector types; nature, commercial activities and health services. The triangle represents a good range of movement and mobility for the residences in the area.

D SAN OR ST

WATER PRE SER VE

SOCIAL/COMMERCIAL BLOCK

New housing Green areas New commercial Existing commercial

C7002B Suzanna Törnroth, Moujan Memar, Sören Öhberg, Nawid Ferhady, Mustafa Galali


Storheden in Change Phase 1: Development of commercial center

Developing the current commercial center and to stabilize it as a more responsive heart for Luleå.

V I S I O N

N

Phase 2: Relocation of industries The commercial area can be expanded to the north to host a minor commercial area. The new area will be a mix of light commercial activities and possibly, office spaces. The new area is quite small, but necessary to get a smooth transition between the existing commercial area and the industries. The industries will take a new position in the area north of the 97 road. (as shown in the map). The industries then have the ability to expand in the northerly direction where there is more space. The existing railway track is a contributing quality for the activities. Some housing area will also be built with block of flats. This will be done to minimize the risk for conflicts between the different areas.

Phase 3: Development of health center

Take the opportunity and develop the area around Ektjärnen Lake and turn it into a pleasant public space.

Phase 4: Development of residential areas

Luleå, Hedbackvägen

0

100

200

300

400 M

Västerås, Ängshöjden

Provide new residential apartments and houses for the growing population of Luleå.

Reasoning behind the phases: Our project consists of 4 phases that have been planned along a timeline. The phases overlap at certain periods depending on the nature and effort required for the phases to be completed.

Development time table

Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3 Phase 4

Phase 1 is the development of the commercial center. The point is to build up the existing commercial center and supply it with even more exciting activities to draw more attention and attract even more crowds to it. Apart from its large variety of shops, unique activities such as new cinemas (e.g. SF Bio and Kino), in-door playgrounds, a “saluhall”, cultural hall/stages for performances would also be built within the area to fill a niche for Luleå. The city center and Storheden would be now two hearts for the city, with two different but also complementing functions. This way, Storheden is revamped without rendering the city center useless, and by also providing services and activities that were once missing to Luleå. Phase 2, the relocation of industries, will begin at the same time as Phase 1, for a simple reason that relocating industries is a messy business. Due to the enormous logistical requirements for this process, Phase 2 was granted a longer period of operation than Phase 1. Phase 3, the development of the health center, begins a little later than Phase 1 and 2, and widely overlaps with these processes. This overlap is not a problem as the positioning of the health center does not conflict with the development of the commercial center and the movement of the industries. Heavy traffic might be expected due to all the construction work within the area and because of this, we have given ample of time for each of the phase to be completed. Lastly, Phase 4 will begin some time after the movement of industries and it is given a longer process period because it is sub-divided into smaller phases where different types of residences are being developed. The phase first begins with planning and logistics, such as seeking builders and investors. After which, the sub-phases are implemented to conduct concurrent development of the different residences (detached housing and apartment buildings). The phase is expected to last longer than the others due to the large extent of work required. After which, it is able to fill Luleå’s current housing demand and attract people to live within the area due to the accessibility to the newly developed commercial center and health center.

C7002B Suzanna Törnroth, Moujan Memar, Sören Öhberg, Nawid Ferhady, Mustafa Galali


Storheden in Change I N T E R V E N T I O N S

Part 1: Main Ideas 2. Creation of a large green park around the existing lake Ektjärnen.

1. Development of a health center. The health center is one of its kind within the regions, serving as a retreat for personss with rehabilitation, physiological, chological and relaxation needs. psychological ference rooms and restaurants are available in a Conference necting building for company bookings. connecting No doctor consultation is required prior to check in. w rooms are provided in-house while most A few omodations exist in the form of cosy accomodations ns near the shore. cabins Luscious cious green corridors connect the main center with the

An extension of the health center, the park will provide fixtures related to therapy (e.g. simple outdoor gym). To serve as a peaceful and relaxing enclave for both the customers at the health center or the residents of the city. Keeping the lake would preserve a bit of the existing nature while the upgrading of the surrounding parks would make the area more relevant for the new city constructions.

omodation cabins. accomodation

4

2

The house houses would be a maximum of 1 storey. They prov provide a smooth transition between nature and the more 3-4 storey city-like, 3 apartment buildings in the center. gradual increase in height The gradu buildings from the of the buil shoreline views of ensures undisrupted u the sea. provide more They prov for an influx of new housing fo residents. proportionally They prop the amount of combalance th activities in the center. mercial ac

3 6

4

5 11

6. Transformation of existing pathways into green corridors.

10

4

15 to 20 ccabins built near the shore, surrounde surrounded by forestry, will provide a sanctuary for those undergoin undergoing treatment. They are b built on a secondary level protected zone (building is allowed by the t municipality). municipali

4. Expansion Expa of existing neighbourhood with neighbo detached housing.

1

6

3. Const Construction of accomodation new ac cabins.

5. Develo Development of new residential residen apartments. apartm

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They are cconstructed in a Umanner shape ma facing the West with respect to the sun;

All light-green coloured pathways stretching from South to North on the map within the central residential neighbourhood are designed for pedestrian use only and are lined with trees and lushious greenery. Pathways are still wide enough to allow vehicle access in the case of emergency or when close vehicular proximity is needed (e.g. moving).

9 8

at noon, th the sun is at its highest in the South and no large sshadow areas are formed in the inner courtyards. In the courtyards afternoon and evenings, the sun is at itits lowest in the West lights up the inner courtand it light yards. The share shared inner courtyards provide a sense of community. communit They are characteristically green, quiescharacteri pleasant. cent and p height of the The heigh a quieter atbuildings allow a mosphere for those staying at the top.

7. Creation of a new shopping square. To provide a central spot for people for social and aesthetic reasons. To provide a location for events (e.g. the annual International Food Fair event).

8. Construction of a new shopping center in combination with a new bus terminal. An upgraded version of Storheden City’s main building: a large, multi-purpose shopping center that would provide as the main activity hub for the area. Highly accessible and convenient during winter times with a built underground carpark and indoor connections to nearby buildings.

9. Development of a green railway corridor. The railway (the longest green corridor stretching from South to North on the map)) will to ill continue ti t exist i t despite d it the th removall off the th industries. i d ti A green corridor will be combined with the track to serve as an interesting and novelty walking path.

C7002B Suzanna Törnroth, Moujan Memar, Sören Öhberg, Nawid Ferhady, Mustafa Galali

10. Development of new office buildings. New office buildings would attract and host new companies. 11. Cross-section of a driving road.


Storheden in Change Part 2: Linking our ideas to our Vision

I N T E R V E N T I O N S

Fig. 6: Proposed sketch of shopping center

Fig. 7: Proposed sketch of shopping center

Figure 5: Green corridors are scenic yet functional in their purpose. They also act both as a noise and pollutant bar rier to contribute to a calm and cosy environment. Most importantly, these routes are well-connected with the main wakway connecting to the two major points in the city: the health center and the shopping center.

Fig. 5: Green corridor

Figure 6, 7 and 8: The large shopping complex will host a variety of shops, cafes and family-fun places, such as Boda Borg, to increase social interactions within the community, and supplement an exciting, fun, and cosy “get-together” culture that is so lacking from the current isolated shopping experience in Storheden today. It will also serve as a hub for cultural events and performances during winter, when it is too cold to have them in the outdoor shopping square.

Fig. 9: Map of bus routes

Fig. 3: Outdoor gym

Figure 1, 2, 3 and 4: The health center has large, full-glass windows to allow maximum sunlight in. This provides natural heating and conserves energy. The large park area around the lake and in front of the health center allows the city to maintain biodiversity while making the green areas relevant (e.g, an outdoor gym placed in a park-like environment in Fig. 3).

Fig. 8: Shopping Square

Figure 9: Considering the residential expansion in the area, a new bus terminal will be constructed along Storhedsvägen, within the new expanded commercial center. The local traffic bureau in Luleå should, in that event, make an assessment whether the number of bus routes

Active, inclusive and safe social and cultural envionment

can be expanded.

Well-connected transport and communication system throughout the city

Environmentallysensitive paradigm navigating local actions

Sustainable Urban Neighbourhoods Figure 6, 8, 10 and 11: The nature of the shopping experience will attract a variety of companies while the modern and well-equipped office buildings nearby aim to provide suitably for these se companies as their offices or perhaps, regional headquarters; which will in turn, affect local employment.

Fig. 4: Lake Ektjärnen during winter

Fig. 2: Proposed sketch of medical center

Fig. 1: Proposed sketch of medical center

Accessible public or private services that are suited to peoples’ needs

Thriving and diverse economy

Well-designed, goodquality housing and built environment

Fig. 10: Office buildings

Fig. 15: Underwater gym

Figure 12: Expansion of detached housing will mimic the style of the current neighbourhood’s, while the renewal would mean better quality. It will be formed with higher density and smaller sites.

Fig. 16: Indoor gym

Fig. 12: Neighbourhood with detached houses in winter

Figure 15 and 16: Activities such as aqua aerobics, counselling, and physiotherapy are a few of the many services offered by the health center. Dispatching rehabilitation activities to the health center takes some pressure off the already overwhelmed Sunderbyn hospital and provides much needed care and support to Norrbotten. It has a unique, yet holistic approach to well-being, which is one-of-its-kind in the region and will represent Luleå as a new health tourism destination. The center is well-positioned and well-connected; via the E4 and 97, as well as the local airport, which facilitates the movement of customers, and promotes to the renewal of Storheden into a new, Fig. 14: decentralised part of the city center. Cabin accomodation for health center

Fig. 11: Office buildings Figure 13 and 14: The cabins and residential apartments provide spectacular views while providing a sense of comfort and peace.

Fig. 13: Inner courtyard of residential apartments

C7002B Suzanna Törnro oth, Moujan Memar, Sören Öhberg, Nawid Ferhady, Mustafa Galali

Sustainable Mixed-Use Districts: Mitigating land-Use Conflicts in Industrial Cities  
Sustainable Mixed-Use Districts: Mitigating land-Use Conflicts in Industrial Cities  
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