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Financial Pillar

Saturday - 3 September 2011 Instructions to candidates You are allowed three hours to answer this question paper. You are allowed 20 minutes reading time before the examination begins during which you should read the question paper and, if you wish, highlight and/or make notes on the question paper. However, you will not be allowed, under any circumstances, to open the answer book and start writing or use your calculator during this reading time. You are strongly advised to carefully read ALL the question requirements before attempting the question concerned (that is all parts and/or subquestions). ALL answers must be written in the answer book. Answers written on the question paper will not be submitted for marking. You should show all workings as marks are available for the method you use. ALL QUESTIONS ARE COMPULSORY. Section A comprises 5 questions and is on pages 2 to 5. Section B comprises 2 questions and is on pages 6 to 11. Maths tables and formulae are provided on pages 13 to 15. The list of verbs as published in the syllabus is given for reference on page 19. Write your candidate number, the paper number and examination subject title in the spaces provided on the front of the answer book. Also write your contact ID and name in the space provided in the right hand margin and seal to close. Tick the appropriate boxes on the front of the answer book to indicate the questions you have answered.

 The Chartered Institute of Management Accountants 2011

F2 – Financial Management

F2 – Financial Management


SECTION A – 50 MARKS [You are advised to spend no longer than 18 minutes on each question in this section.]

ANSWER ALL FIVE QUESTIONS IN THIS SECTION

Question One SD acquired 60% of the 1 million $1 ordinary shares of KL on 1 July 2010 for $3,250,000 when KL’s retained earnings were $2,760,000. The group policy is to measure noncontrolling interests at fair value at the date of acquisition. The fair value of non-controlling interests at 1 July 2010 was $1,960,000. There has been no impairment of goodwill since the date of acquisition. SD acquired a further 20% of KL’s share capital on 1 March 2011 for $1,000,000. The retained earnings reported in the financial statements of SD and KL as at 30 June 2011 are $9,400,000 and $3,400,000 respectively. KL sold goods for resale to SD with a sales value of $750,000 during the period from 1 March 2011 to 30 June 2011. 40% of these goods remain in SD’s inventories at the year-end. KL applies a mark-up of 25% on all goods sold. Profits of both entities can be assumed to accrue evenly throughout the year.

Required: Calculate the amounts that will appear in the consolidated statement of financial position of the SD Group as at 30 June 2011 for: (i) Goodwill; (ii) Consolidated retained earnings; and (iii) Non-controlling interests.

(Total for Question One = 10 marks)

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Question Two

(a)

Financial instruments VB acquired 40,000 shares in another entity, JK, in March 2011 for $2.68 per share. The investment was classified as available for sale on initial recognition. The shares were trading at $2.96 per share on 31 July 2011. Commission of 5% of the value of the transaction is payable on all purchases and disposals of shares.

Required: (i)

Prepare the journal entries to record the initial recognition of this financial asset and its subsequent measurement at 31 July 2011 in accordance with IAS 39 Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement. (3 marks)

The directors of VB are concerned about the value of VB’s investment in JK and in an attempt to hedge against the risk of a fall in its value, are considering acquiring a derivative contract. The directors wish to use hedge accounting in accordance with IAS 39.

Required: (ii)

(b)

Discuss how both the available for sale investment and any associated derivative contract would be subsequently accounted for, assuming that the criteria for hedge accounting were met, in accordance with IAS 39. (3 marks)

Share options VB granted share options to its 500 employees on 1 August 2009. Each employee will receive 1,000 share options provided they continue to work for VB for the four years following the grant date. The fair value of the options at the grant date was $1.30 each. In the year ended 31 July 2010, 20 employees left and another 50 were expected to leave in the following three years. In the year ended 31 July 2011, 18 employees left and a further 30 were expected to leave during the next two years.

Required: Prepare the journal entry to record the charge to VB’s income statement for the year ended 31 July 2011 in respect of the share options, in accordance with IFRS 2 Sharebased Payments. (4 marks) (Total for Question Two = 10 marks)

Section A continues on the next page TURN OVER

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Question Three SRT is an entity quoted on its local stock exchange which is engaged in environmentally sensitive operations. A number of its competitors provide extensive disclosures in their external reports about their environmental policies, impacts and practices, albeit on a voluntary basis.

Required: (a) Discuss the pressures for extending the scope of external reports prepared by entities to include voluntary disclosures about their environmental policies, impacts and practices. (4 marks)

(b) Discuss the potential advantages AND disadvantages to SRT of providing voluntary environmental disclosures. (6 marks) (Total for Question Three = 10 marks)

Question Four

(a)

OVS is a car dealership and prepares its financial statements to 30 June. In the year to 30 June 2011, it held a number of vehicles at a number of different sites. The vehicles were supplied by GH, a car manufacturer, which is OVS’s main supplier. Under the trading terms agreed with GH, OVS is entitled to hold up to a maximum of 1,000 vehicles although legal title remains with GH until the vehicle is sold to a third party. OVS is able to use the cars for demonstration purposes and can relocate the vehicles between sites, provided the mileage on any individual vehicle does not exceed 1,500 miles. Breach of this mileage limit would result in OVS incurring a penalty. OVS has the right to return vehicles at any time within six months of delivery, with no charge. OVS is responsible for insuring all the vehicles on its premises.

Required: Discuss the economic substance of OVS’s trading agreement with GH in respect of the vehicles, concluding which entity should recognise the vehicles as inventory for the period that they are held by OVS. (6 marks)

(b)

OVS is considering acquiring an entity called RT which is based overseas. RT operates car dealerships throughout Eastern Europe and the directors view this entity as an excellent strategic fit with the OVS business model. They are reviewing the financial statements of RT (which are prepared on a historic cost accounting basis), but are aware that RT is currently operating in an economic environment that is subject to high inflation.

Required: Discuss the potential drawbacks of using RT’s financial statements as a basis for making business decisions in times of high inflation. (4 marks) (Total for Question Four = 10 marks)

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Question Five Bob is a financial analyst whose job is to compare the financial performance of different entities which operate in the same sector, but which may be located at home or overseas. He uses the following four key performance indicators when undertaking this comparison: • • • •

Gross margin Profit margin (profit for the year/ revenue) P/E ratio Return on capital employed

Required: Discuss, with specific reference to the four ratios above, the extent to which entities within the same business sector can be validly compared with each other. Include in your discussion the limitations of both, same sector and international comparison. (Total for Question Five = 10 marks)

(Total for Section A = 50 marks)

End of Section A Section B starts on page 6

TURN OVER

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SECTION B – 50 MARKS [You are advised to spend no longer than 45 minutes on each question in this section.]

ANSWER BOTH QUESTIONS IN THIS SECTION – 25 MARKS EACH

Question Six The statement of financial position for the AB Group as at 30 June 2011 and its comparative for 2010 are shown below:

ASSETS Non-current assets Property, plant and equipment Goodwill Investment in associate Held to maturity asset Current assets Inventories Receivables Cash and cash equivalents Total assets EQUITY AND LIABILITIES Equity attributable to owners of the parent Share capital ($1 ordinary shares) Share premium Revaluation reserve (Note 3) Retained earnings Non-controlling interests Total equity Non-current liabilities Long-term borrowings Provision for deferred tax Current liabilities Payables Income tax Total liabilities Total equity and liabilities

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2011 $000

2010 $000

51,100 8,000 24,400 6,200 89,700

44,400 7,200 23,400 6,000 81,000

34,800 28,200 10,200 73,200 162,900

36,000 26,400 12,300 74,700 155,700

36,000 8,400 1,250 21,850 67,500 19,500 87,000

30,000 20,100 50,100 18,300 68,400

41,100 900 42,000

53,400 600 54,000

32,100 1,800 33,900 75,900 162,900

30,600 2,700 33,300 87,300 155,700

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The statement of total comprehensive income for the AB Group for the year ended 30 June 2011 is shown below: $000 36,000 (25,200) 10,800 (1,200) (3,780) 320 (1,350) 1,500 6,290 (1,800) 4,490

Revenue Cost of sales Gross profit Distribution costs Administrative expenses Investment income (note 4) Finance costs (note 5) Share of profit of associate Profit before tax Income tax expense Profit for the year Other comprehensive income: Revaluation gain on PPE Share of associate’s OCI (net of tax) Tax on OCI Other comprehensive income for the year Total comprehensive income

1,450 120 (250) 1,320 5,810

Profit for the year attributable to: Owners of the parent Non-controlling interests

3,880 610 4,490

Total comprehensive income attributable to: Owners of the parent Non-controlling interests

5,130 680 5,810

Additional information 1. There were no disposals of property, plant and equipment in the year. Depreciation charged in arriving at profit was $3,100,000. 2.

AB acquired 70% of the ordinary share capital of XY on 1 January 2011 for a cash consideration of $500,000 plus the issue of 1 million $1 ordinary shares in AB, which had a deemed value of $3.95 per share at the date of acquisition. The fair values of the net assets acquired on 1 January 2011 were as follows: $000 2,400 3,600 2,000 200 (3,800) 4,400

Property, plant and equipment Inventories Receivables Cash and cash equivalents Payables

AB made no other purchases or sales of investments in the year. The group policy is to value non-controlling interests at acquisition at its proportionate share of the fair value of the net assets. 3.

The revaluation reserve consists of the revaluation gains of the parent plus the parent’s share of its subsidiaries’ and associates’ revaluation gains, all net of relevant tax.

4.

The held to maturity investment is measured at amortised cost. The investment income included in profit for the year was $320,000. The actual interest received based upon the coupon rate was $120,000.

5.

Finance costs include interest on long-term borrowings. The effective rate equated to the coupon rate and all interest due was paid in the year. TURN OVER

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Required: Prepare the consolidated statement of cash flows for the AB Group for the year ended 30 June 2011 in accordance with IAS 7 Statement of Cash Flows. Use the indirect method for calculating cash flows from operating activities. (Total for Question Six = 25 marks)

Section B continues on page 10

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Section B continues on the next page

TURN OVER

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Question Seven LKJ has expanded during the last year and from 1 October 2010 has been supplying a new range of products, some of which are simply cheaper versions of existing products and some of which are completely new. This has resulted in LKJ increasing its market share and creating a more mixed customer base. The directors have been looking at ways that fixed overheads can be cut and following a review last year, outsourced its payroll requirements, which led to a significant drop in administrative expenses. In the past, LKJ has been known as a cash-rich business and a regular payer of dividends. However a recent cash shortage meant that a cash dividend was not possible in the year ended 30 April 2011. Therefore, in lieu of paying a dividend, LKJ made a 1 for 2 bonus issue on 1 January 2011. The financial statements of LKJ are provided below:

Statement of financial position as at 30 April ASSETS Non-current assets Property, plant and equipment Investment in associate Available for sale investments Current assets Inventories Receivables Cash and cash equivalents Total assets EQUITY AND LIABILITIES Equity Share capital ($1 equity shares) Revaluation reserve Other reserves Retained earnings Total equity Non-current liabilities Long-term borrowings Current liabilities Payables Short-term borrowings (overdraft) Total liabilities Total equity and liabilities

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2011 $m

2010 $m

554 140 300 994

418 280 698

290 468 758 1,752

130 263 144 537 1,235

300 130 66 789 1,295

200 64 44 739 1,047

200

60

199 58 257 457 1,752

128 128 188 1,235

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Statement of comprehensive income for the year ended 30 April Revenue Cost of sales Gross profit Administrative expenses Distribution costs Finance costs Share of profit of associate Profit before tax Income tax expense Profit for the year Other comprehensive income: Revaluation gain on property, plant and equipment Gains on available for sale investments Tax effects of other comprehensive income Other comprehensive income for the year, net of tax Total comprehensive income

2011

2010

$m 2,630 (2,058) 572 (114) (288) (20) 80 230 (70) 160

$m 2,022 (1,505) 517 (163) (203) (6) 145 (63) 82

80 32 (24) 88 248

25 12 (15) 22 104

LKJ has submitted an application for long-term borrowing to the finance company that you work with. You are to prepare a report that analyses the financial performance and position of LKJ for review by your supervisor. Your supervisor encourages his employees to make an initial recommendation as to whether or not the application should be given further consideration.

Required: (a)

Prepare a report that analyses the financial performance of LKJ for the year ended 30 April 2011 and its financial position at that date. (8 marks are available for the calculation of relevant ratios) (20 marks)

(b) (i)

Explain how the bonus issue in the year will impact the calculation of the earnings per share of LKJ for inclusion in its financial statements for the year ended 30 April 2011.

(ii)

Calculate the basic earnings per share for LKJ for the year ended 30 April 2011 and the comparative figure for 2010 that would appear in the 2011 financial statements.

(5 marks) (Total for Question Seven = 25 marks)

(Total for Section B = 50 marks)

End of Question Paper Maths Tables and Formulae are on pages 13 to 15

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MATHS TABLES AND FORMULAE Present value table -n

Present value of $1, that is (1 + r) where r = interest rate; n = number of periods until payment or receipt. Periods (n) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

1% 0.990 0.980 0.971 0.961 0.951 0.942 0.933 0.923 0.914 0.905 0.896 0.887 0.879 0.870 0.861 0.853 0.844 0.836 0.828 0.820

2% 0.980 0.961 0.942 0.924 0.906 0.888 0.871 0.853 0.837 0.820 0.804 0.788 0.773 0.758 0.743 0.728 0.714 0.700 0.686 0.673

3% 0.971 0.943 0.915 0.888 0.863 0.837 0.813 0.789 0.766 0.744 0.722 0.701 0.681 0.661 0.642 0.623 0.605 0.587 0.570 0.554

4% 0.962 0.925 0.889 0.855 0.822 0.790 0.760 0.731 0.703 0.676 0.650 0.625 0.601 0.577 0.555 0.534 0.513 0.494 0.475 0.456

Interest rates (r) 5% 6% 0.952 0.943 0.907 0.890 0.864 0.840 0.823 0.792 0.784 0.747 0.746 0.705 0.711 0.665 0.677 0.627 0.645 0.592 0.614 0.558 0.585 0.527 0.557 0.497 0.530 0.469 0.505 0.442 0.481 0.417 0.458 0.394 0.436 0.371 0.416 0.350 0.396 0.331 0.377 0.312

7% 0.935 0.873 0.816 0.763 0.713 0.666 0.623 0.582 0.544 0.508 0.475 0.444 0.415 0.388 0.362 0.339 0.317 0.296 0.277 0.258

8% 0.926 0.857 0.794 0.735 0.681 0.630 0.583 0.540 0.500 0.463 0.429 0.397 0.368 0.340 0.315 0.292 0.270 0.250 0.232 0.215

9% 0.917 0.842 0.772 0.708 0.650 0.596 0.547 0.502 0.460 0.422 0.388 0.356 0.326 0.299 0.275 0.252 0.231 0.212 0.194 0.178

10% 0.909 0.826 0.751 0.683 0.621 0.564 0.513 0.467 0.424 0.386 0.350 0.319 0.290 0.263 0.239 0.218 0.198 0.180 0.164 0.149

Periods (n) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

11% 0.901 0.812 0.731 0.659 0.593 0.535 0.482 0.434 0.391 0.352 0.317 0.286 0.258 0.232 0.209 0.188 0.170 0.153 0.138 0.124

12% 0.893 0.797 0.712 0.636 0.567 0.507 0.452 0.404 0.361 0.322 0.287 0.257 0.229 0.205 0.183 0.163 0.146 0.130 0.116 0.104

13% 0.885 0.783 0.693 0.613 0.543 0.480 0.425 0.376 0.333 0.295 0.261 0.231 0.204 0.181 0.160 0.141 0.125 0.111 0.098 0.087

14% 0.877 0.769 0.675 0.592 0.519 0.456 0.400 0.351 0.308 0.270 0.237 0.208 0.182 0.160 0.140 0.123 0.108 0.095 0.083 0.073

Interest rates (r) 15% 16% 0.870 0.862 0.756 0.743 0.658 0.641 0.572 0.552 0.497 0.476 0.432 0.410 0.376 0.354 0.327 0.305 0.284 0.263 0.247 0.227 0.215 0.195 0.187 0.168 0.163 0.145 0.141 0.125 0.123 0.108 0.107 0.093 0.093 0.080 0.081 0.069 0.070 0.060 0.061 0.051

17% 0.855 0.731 0.624 0.534 0.456 0.390 0.333 0.285 0.243 0.208 0.178 0.152 0.130 0.111 0.095 0.081 0.069 0.059 0.051 0.043

18% 0.847 0.718 0.609 0.516 0.437 0.370 0.314 0.266 0.225 0.191 0.162 0.137 0.116 0.099 0.084 0.071 0.060 0.051 0.043 0.037

19% 0.840 0.706 0.593 0.499 0.419 0.352 0.296 0.249 0.209 0.176 0.148 0.124 0.104 0.088 0.079 0.062 0.052 0.044 0.037 0.031

20% 0.833 0.694 0.579 0.482 0.402 0.335 0.279 0.233 0.194 0.162 0.135 0.112 0.093 0.078 0.065 0.054 0.045 0.038 0.031 0.026

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Cumulative present value of $1 per annum, Receivable or Payable at the end of each year for n years Periods (n) 1 2 3 4 5

1− (1+ r ) − n r

1% 0.990 1.970 2.941 3.902 4.853

2% 0.980 1.942 2.884 3.808 4.713

3% 0.971 1.913 2.829 3.717 4.580

4% 0.962 1.886 2.775 3.630 4.452

Interest rates (r) 5% 6% 0.952 0.943 1.859 1.833 2.723 2.673 3.546 3.465 4.329 4.212

7% 0.935 1.808 2.624 3.387 4.100

8% 0.926 1.783 2.577 3.312 3.993

9% 0.917 1.759 2.531 3.240 3.890

10% 0.909 1.736 2.487 3.170 3.791

6 7 8 9 10

5.795 6.728 7.652 8.566 9.471

5.601 6.472 7.325 8.162 8.983

5.417 6.230 7.020 7.786 8.530

5.242 6.002 6.733 7.435 8.111

5.076 5.786 6.463 7.108 7.722

4.917 5.582 6.210 6.802 7.360

4.767 5.389 5.971 6.515 7.024

4.623 5.206 5.747 6.247 6.710

4.486 5.033 5.535 5.995 6.418

4.355 4.868 5.335 5.759 6.145

11 12 13 14 15

10.368 11.255 12.134 13.004 13.865

9.787 10.575 11.348 12.106 12.849

9.253 9.954 10.635 11.296 11.938

8.760 9.385 9.986 10.563 11.118

8.306 8.863 9.394 9.899 10.380

7.887 8.384 8.853 9.295 9.712

7.499 7.943 8.358 8.745 9.108

7.139 7.536 7.904 8.244 8.559

6.805 7.161 7.487 7.786 8.061

6.495 6.814 7.103 7.367 7.606

16 17 18 19 20

14.718 15.562 16.398 17.226 18.046

13.578 14.292 14.992 15.679 16.351

12.561 13.166 13.754 14.324 14.878

11.652 12.166 12.659 13.134 13.590

10.838 11.274 11.690 12.085 12.462

10.106 10.477 10.828 11.158 11.470

9.447 9.763 10.059 10.336 10.594

8.851 9.122 9.372 9.604 9.818

8.313 8.544 8.756 8.950 9.129

7.824 8.022 8.201 8.365 8.514

11% 0.901 1.713 2.444 3.102 3.696

12% 0.893 1.690 2.402 3.037 3.605

13% 0.885 1.668 2.361 2.974 3.517

14% 0.877 1.647 2.322 2.914 3.433

Interest rates (r) 15% 16% 0.870 0.862 1.626 1.605 2.283 2.246 2.855 2.798 3.352 3.274

17% 0.855 1.585 2.210 2.743 3.199

18% 0.847 1.566 2.174 2.690 3.127

19% 0.840 1.547 2.140 2.639 3.058

20% 0.833 1.528 2.106 2.589 2.991

6 7 8 9 10

4.231 4.712 5.146 5.537 5.889

4.111 4.564 4.968 5.328 5.650

3.998 4.423 4.799 5.132 5.426

3.889 4.288 4.639 4.946 5.216

3.784 4.160 4.487 4.772 5.019

3.685 4.039 4.344 4.607 4.833

3.589 3.922 4.207 4.451 4.659

3.498 3.812 4.078 4.303 4.494

3.410 3.706 3.954 4.163 4.339

3.326 3.605 3.837 4.031 4.192

11 12 13 14 15

6.207 6.492 6.750 6.982 7.191

5.938 6.194 6.424 6.628 6.811

5.687 5.918 6.122 6.302 6.462

5.453 5.660 5.842 6.002 6.142

5.234 5.421 5.583 5.724 5.847

5.029 5.197 5.342 5.468 5.575

4.836 4.988 5.118 5.229 5.324

4.656 7.793 4.910 5.008 5.092

4.486 4.611 4.715 4.802 4.876

4.327 4.439 4.533 4.611 4.675

16 17 18 19 20

7.379 7.549 7.702 7.839 7.963

6.974 7.120 7.250 7.366 7.469

6.604 6.729 6.840 6.938 7.025

6.265 6.373 6.467 6.550 6.623

5.954 6.047 6.128 6.198 6.259

5.668 5.749 5.818 5.877 5.929

5.405 5.475 5.534 5.584 5.628

5.162 5.222 5.273 5.316 5.353

4.938 4.990 5.033 5.070 5.101

4.730 4.775 4.812 4.843 4.870

Periods (n) 1 2 3 4 5

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FORMULAE Annuity Present value of an annuity of $1 per annum receivable or payable for n years, commencing in one year, discounted at r% per annum:

PV =

1 1  1 −  r  [1 + r ]n 

Perpetuity Present value of $1 per annum receivable or payable in perpetuity, commencing in one year, discounted at r% per annum: PV =

1 r

Growing Perpetuity Present value of $1 per annum, receivable or payable, commencing in one year, growing in perpetuity at a constant rate of g% per annum, discounted at r% per annum: PV =

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1 r −g

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LIST OF VERBS USED IN THE QUESTION REQUIREMENTS A list of the learning objectives and verbs that appear in the syllabus and in the question requirements for each question in this paper. It is important that you answer the question according to the definition of the verb. LEARNING OBJECTIVE Level 1 - KNOWLEDGE What you are expected to know.

Level 2 - COMPREHENSION What you are expected to understand.

VERBS USED

DEFINITION

List State Define

Make a list of Express, fully or clearly, the details/facts of Give the exact meaning of

Describe Distinguish Explain

Communicate the key features Highlight the differences between Make clear or intelligible/State the meaning or purpose of Recognise, establish or select after consideration Use an example to describe or explain something

Identify Illustrate Level 3 - APPLICATION How you are expected to apply your knowledge.

Apply Calculate Demonstrate Prepare Reconcile Solve Tabulate

Level 4 - ANALYSIS How are you expected to analyse the detail of what you have learned.

Level 5 - EVALUATION How are you expected to use your learning to evaluate, make decisions or recommendations.

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Analyse Categorise Compare and contrast

Put to practical use Ascertain or reckon mathematically Prove with certainty or to exhibit by practical means Make or get ready for use Make or prove consistent/compatible Find an answer to Arrange in a table

Construct Discuss Interpret Prioritise Produce

Examine in detail the structure of Place into a defined class or division Show the similarities and/or differences between Build up or compile Examine in detail by argument Translate into intelligible or familiar terms Place in order of priority or sequence for action Create or bring into existence

Advise Evaluate Recommend

Counsel, inform or notify Appraise or assess the value of Advise on a course of action

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Financial Pillar

Management Level Paper

F2 – Financial Management

September 2011

Saturday

September 2011

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F2 – Financial Management Saturday - 3 September 2011