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‘cu'jf’ cfTdxTofsf] af6f]df dlxnf lj?4 x'g] lx+;f lj?4sf] !^ lbg] cleofg hf/L 5 . k'?ifx?n] dlxnfx? dfyL lx+;f gug{] eGb} k|ltj4tf ;d]t hgfPsf 5g\ . cleofg z'? ePs} lbg z'qmaf/ ;fFem kfFrvfn gu/kflnsf !^ kx/L al:t 3/ ePsL $) jlif{o ;':df kx/Ln] 3/ cuf8L /x]sf] ?vdf em'l08P/ cfTdxTof ul/g\ . dlxnf :jo+d;]jLsf ;d]t /x]sL ;':df sflnb]jL k|fylds ljBfno Aoj:yfkg ;ldltsf] k'j{ cWoIf, w'd{'; ;'GtnL kx/L al:t lgdf{0f ;ldltsf] cWoIf ;d]t lyO{g\ . Ps 5f]/f / 5f]/Lsf] cfdf ;':df ufpFs} cu'jf dlxnf x'g\ . Tolx al:tdf a;f]af; ub{} cfPsL ;':df z'qmaf/ ljxfg ljBfnodf >Ldfgsf] sfddf ;d]t ;xof]u ug{ uPsL lyO{g\ . >Ldfg lty{axfb'/ kx/L ufpFe/Lsf ;f]emf AolQm x'g\ . ;;'/fnL;Fu bfp/f sf6\g kfvfdf uPsf lty{axfb'/ ;fFem 3/df cfpFbf ;':ddf em'l08Psf] b[Zon] a]xf]; eP . pgL afFsL =!# k]hdf

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egs ] f] ;g]fdfly xf] ege]m} ltxf/ lbkfknLsf] cj;/x?df ;g]fsf] SofDkx?df uO{ ;g]fl;t} gfRg,] ufpg,] vfg,] ;T'g,] ukm ug]{ u/L ;g]flko| aGg] wg' ePem} nfU5 . ;g]fx?nfO{ vz ' L kfgs '{ f] cy{ s] xfn]f < ljkIfL bnx?n] s'g} klg k|sf/sf] lj/f]w k|bz{g ug{ nfUbf efhkfs} sfo{stf{x? uP/ ljyf]Ng] jf k|ltsf/ ug{] u/]sf] b]lvG5 . o;sf] cy{ ef/tdf efhkfs} dfq clwgfos tGq vf]hs ] f] cy{ nfUb}g / hasL nf]stGqdf lj/f]w ug{ kfpg] clwsf/ ;'lglZrt ul/Psf] x'G5 jf lj/f]wLx?sf] hfoh cfjfh ;'Gg' ;jn kIf xf] . To:t} ;/sf/ lj/f]w ug{] ;+rf/dfWodx?nfO{ t;f{pg], wDsfpg] jf aGb ug{] u/L cft+ssf] l:ylt lgdf{0f ug{' clwgfosjfbLx?sf] b]zdf :jefljs x'G5 t/ ef/t h:tf] nf]stflGqs b]zdf eof] eg] ;'xfpg] s'/f xf]Og . ls t nf]slk|otfsf] lzv/df k'u]sf] g]t[Tjn] cfkm\gf] c;Lldt dxTjsf+Iff k"/f ug{ clwgfos aGg ;S5 ls k/Dk/fut clwgfosjfb rNb} cfPsf] b]zsf] zf;s tfgfzfx x'G5 . dxfTdf ufGwLsf] b]zdf tfgfzfx ghlGdof];\ .


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Tof] e]us} dfG5]x?nfO{ nv]6\g], lk6\g] uy{] . xfdL ^÷& b]lv !@÷!# hgf;Dd x'Gy] . d /fd|f] k9\g] ePsfn] z'?df x]Kg] u/]sf] eP klg kl5 s]lx u/]gg\ . t/ ;fyLx?nfO{ dfyL h+un;Dd nv]6]/ s'6\g yfn] . d}n] w]/} k6s 5]s]+ . hf]ufPF . t/ klg Tof] tfdfª a:tL / yfkf al:tsf ;fyLx?n] xfdLnfO{ b]v]g;xg] . plgx?nfO{ lgx'F g} grflxg] lyof] . Tolx sf/0f lgoldt ljBfno cfpg]x?sf] ;+Vof ^÷& hgf dfq} eof] . vfhf vfg] rng lyPg . 3/df hlt vfof] km]/L kmls{P/ 3/d} vfg] xf] . slxn]sfFlx a'af cfdfn] kfFr k};f, Ps b'O{ k};f lbg' x'GYof] . 3/af6} ds}, /f]6L, h'g]nf] n}hfGYof}+ . xfdLn] h+unsf] aLrdf cfkm\gf] cfkm\gf] emf]nf gfd n]v]/ em'08\ofpFYof}+ . ToxfF xfdLn] 3/h:t} agfPsf x'GYof}+ 5fk|f] . slxn]sfFlx xfd|f] 5fk|f]df ePsf] /f]6L, ds} n'6]/ tfdfª ;fyLx?n] vfO{lbGy] . xfdL x]/]sf] x]¥o} x'GYof}+ . 3/df c?n] lbPsf] slxNo} gvfg' eGg] lyof] . tfdfªx? afSnf] /f]6L NofpFy] . xfdL kftnf] . plgx? afF8]/ vfpF eGy] xfd|f] vfO{;s]kl5 xfdL c?n] lbPsf] vfg' x'Fb}g eGg] 3/sf] lgb{]zg ePsfn] vfFb}g lyof}+ . Toltv]/ hfteftsf] s'/f klg x'GYof] . cfkm\gf] hftsf]n] lbPsf] afx]s vfg' x'Fb}g eGg] x'GYof] . ljBfnodf lzIfsx?sf] sf/jfxLdf gk/] klg Ps lbg lbpF;f] wg]Zj/ vf]nfdf kf}8L v]Ng uPsf] lyof}+ . dnfO{ ws]n]/ vf]nfdf xflnlbP . 3fp nfUof] . ToxfFaf6 ljBfno gufO{ 3/ uPF . Psah] kl5sf] ;do lyof] . xfdLnfO{ # ah] g} 5'l§ lbg] ug{'ePsf] lyof] . w]/} 6f9f ePsfn] xfdLnfO{ rfF8} k7fpg] ug{' ePsf] lyof] . OGb|]Zj/ cWoog ubf{ vf]kf;Lsf] Sof08ndf kf}8L v]Ng uPsf lyof}+ . ;fyLx?n] d]/f] t sk8f g} n'sfO{lbP5g\ . lstfa klg ljBfnod} lyof] . ;fyL xl/axfb'/n] /flvlbg' ePsf] /x]5 . d}n] Tof] klg lj;{]5' . 3/df uP/ cs{} n'uf nufPF . tLg rf/ lbg kl5 Pp6f ;fyLn] Aofudf n'sfP/ /fv]sf] /x]5 lbPkl5 nufP/ ljBfno hfg yfn]+ . 8«]; nufP/ hfg' kb{Yof] . lsg gnufPsf] eGbf d}nf] 5 eg]/ 6fy{] . Psk6s ljBfnodf ;fyLx?sf] nx}nx}df v}gL vfPsf] lyPF . To;n] lbpF;e/ l/+u6f nfUof] . ;fyLx? g} To:t} l;sfpFy] . xfdL df5f df;' s]lx vfFb}g lyof}+ . v}gLsf] l/+u6fn] 3/df uPsf] klg yfxf ePg . 3/df rfFlx yfxf ePg . Ps lbg h+undf u'Rrf v]n]/ ;fFem;Dd a;]sf] a]nf ;fyLx?n] 3/df cfdfnfO{ elglbP5g\ . l;Gsgfn] xfGg' eof] . Tof] /ft vfgf gvfO{ ;'t]+ . d}n] cleefjsx?sf] lrQ b'vfpg] sfd hfg]/ slxNo} ul/gF . sIff ^ b]lv z'Ns ltg{' kb{Yof] . a'afx?n] z'Ns ltg{ k7fpg' x'GYof] . a'afx? lg/If/ x'g'xG' Yof] . sIff ^ df k/LIff lbFbf nvg;/n] dnfO{ 9f]sfdf /fv]/ k/LIff lng'eof] . d k|yd ePF . nvg;/n] z'Ns ldgfxf ul/lbg' eof] . sfkL snd lsGg a'afn] k};f lbg' x'GYof] Aojxf/ sd eof] a'afnfO{ klg . csf{] sfd cfO{nfUof] xfdLnfO{ . h]7 c;f/sf] ;do ljxfg k9fO{ x'GYof] . ci6«]lnof ;fd'bflos ag kl/of]hgfsf] lj?jf /f]Kg] sfd lyof] . xfdL ljBfnoaf6 cfP/ sfd ub{Yof}+ . lbgsf] @) ?k}ofF k};f lnP/ xfdLn] sfd u¥of}+ . b'O{ dlxgf u¥of}+ . w]/} ;fyLx? k};f lgsfn]/ 7f8f]af6f]df xn'jf kfp/f]6L vfGy] . xfdLnfO{ k};f lbb}g lyP . a'afnfO{ nu]/ pwf/f] vfg] agfof}+ . sfd u/]/ dlxgfdf k};f cfPkl5 nu]/ ltg{] u/]sf lyof}+ . OGb|]Zj/df ljGb' ;/, nvg;/, uf]kfn;/n] clns w]/} dfof ug{'x'GYof] . sIff * cWoog ubf{ ;/;kmfO{ sfo{qmddf ;xefuL u/fO{Psf] lyof] . Tof] sfd g]lj;+3n] cfof]hgf u/]sf] /x]5 . ;fyLx?n] dnfO{ af]Ng] cj;/ klg lbP . dnfO{ Gx'R5]nfn nufotsf ;fyLx?n] yfxf kfP/ g]lj;+3sf] sfo{qmddf lsg uPsf] eg]/ ufnL u/] < sNkgf a~hf/f x'gx' G' Yof] pxfFn] g]lj;+3 / clvnsf af/]df hfgsf/L u/fpg' eof] . sIff ( af6 d k|yd x'g ;lsg . af]l8{Ë k9\g] ;fyLx? klg cfP . ljBfnodf cltl/Qm s[ofsnfkx? klg x'Gy] . lj1fg k|bz { gLdf efu lnPsf] lyPF . cfhfb dfljn] cfof]hgf u/]sf] sfo{qmddf xfdL ;xefuL eP/ t]>f] ePsf lyof}+ . af]Ng d}n] hfg]sf] lyPF . ljBfno ljbfsf] ;dodf xfdL dfdf3/ hfg] u/]sf lyof}+ . a'afn] b}lgs Ps 8f]sf] dn v]tdf k'¥ofpg] sfd nufpg' ePsf] lyof] . ^) 8f]sf] dnsf] 7]Ssf ;s]/ sfkmn, P];]n' a]Rg eQmk'/;Dd hfGYof}+ . ufO{ e};L lyP ltgsf nflu 3fF; sf6\g], esf/f] ;f]xf]g{] sfd ub{Yof}+ . ;fpg] ;+qmflGtsf lbg gflu 8fF8fdf x'g] /dfO{nf] hfqfdf ;xeflu x'GYof}+ . dxf+sfn rf}/ 5 . ToxfF rf/} If]qsf dfG5]x? cfFpy] . Tof] lj:tf/} lj:tf/} x/fof] . sfkmn / P];]n' a]Rg hfFbf a;sf] 5tdf r9\Yof}+ . 3/af6 nu]sf] yfn g} xfdL af6f]d} /fv]/ hfGYof}+ . b'O{ ltg lbg dfdf3/df a;]/ kms{GYof}+ . P;Pn;L lbFbf 6\o';g k9\g] rng lyof] . kgf}tLdf hf]zL ;/n] ul0ft / lj1fg k9fpg' x'GYof] . 6\o';g cWoog ubf{ emg} ljlu|of] k9fO{ . c? ;fyLx? kgf}tLdf 8]/f lnP/ k9] . 6]i6 kl5 d}n] sf7df8f}df bfO{ / legfh'x? Aofkf/ u/]/ a:g' x'GYof] . pxfFx?;Fu a;]/ afUdtL 6\o';g ;]G6/df Ps dlxgf 6\o';g k9]+ . clxn] h:tf] lyPg P;Pn;L . d}n] cfkm\gf] ;s]/ ;fyLnfO{ klg l;sfPsf] lyPF . ufpFdf af6f] vGg] a]nf lyof] . ToxfF klg ;xefuL ePsf] lyPF . vf;} /fd|f] cWoog gu/]sfn] k|yd >]0fL Nofpg ;lsgF . cfpF5 eGg] nfUof lyof] t/ bf]>f] >]0fLdf kf; ePF . bfO{ u0f]z sfkm\n] eGg] x''g'x'GYof] . pxfF d eGbf sdhf]/ ePsfn] d}n] cfkm\gf] 5f8]/ pxfFnfO{ l;sfpg yfn]sf] lyPF . To;sf/0f ljlu|of] d]/f] l/hN6 . P;Pn;L kl5M P;Pn;L lbP/ sf7df8f} uPF / /Tgkfs{df df]hf, k~hf nufotsf ;fdfgx?sf] Aofkf/ z'? u/]+ . P;Pn;L plQ0f{ kl5 sfe|] SofDk;df

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slxn]sfFlx emu8f x'G5 . clxn] aRrf 7'nf ePsf 5g\ . xfdL gaf]n] klg aRrfx?n] dWo:ytf u5{g\ . a'afcfdf klg ;Fu} x'g'x'G5 . xfd|f] vf;} emu8f k/]sf] 5}g . k/]sf] a]nf d g} af]nfpF5' . egf{ u/]+ t/ kl9g . kl5 d}n] ;/:jtL SofDk;df egf{ u/]+ . gfO{6 l;km\6df cWoog ub{y]+ . legfh' / bfO{x?sf] /Tgkfs{df k;n lyof] . cWoog 5f8]/ d klg Aofkf/df nfu]+ . z'?df SofDk; hfFbf lrgf] eGg] lkmNd tLg k6s x]/]sf] 5' . lstfj lsg]sf] lyO{gF . nfO{a|]/Laf6 lbP klg Pp6f dfq} x'GYof] . u[xsfo{ gu/]sf] eg]/ lzIfsx?n] lk6\5g eg]/ d sn]h guO{ lkmNd x]g{ uPsf] lyPF . kl5 /Tgkfs{df x6fPkl5 xfdLnfO{ e[s'6Ld08kdf /fVg lbO{Psf] lyof] PSn} lyPF d . ufx|f] eof] . w]/} clg s]lx /sd lnP/ ljqmL ul/lbPF k;n . pQm k;n 5f8]kl5 dnfO{ d]/f] ;fyL Gx'R5]nfnn] Pp6f d]l8sndf sfd ug{ /flvlbg' eof] . ToxfF a:bf a:b} dnfO{ d]l8sn lzIff cWoog ug{ eGg' eof] . sfe|] x]Ny 6«]lgËdf egf{ ug{ Gx'R5]nfnn] s]lx /sd, k;n ljqmL u/]sf] /sd / cGo ;xof]uaf6 @% xhf/ hDdf u/]+ . sfd 5f8]/ cWoog ug{ cfPF . xfdL sfe|] x]Ny 6«]lgËsf] klxnf] Aofh xf}+ . @)$( ;fndf SofDk;df egf{ ePsf] lyPF . rf/ jif{ nufP/ cfO{sd kf; u/]+ . /Tgkfs{sf] k;n klg 5fl8of] . cWoogdf klg ;kmn gePkl5 ef}tfl/PF . ;fO{sn l;s]sf] lyPF . tLg ;odf sf]7f lnP/ rf/j6f d]l8sndf cf}ifwL k'¥ofpg] sfd u/]+ . ;xsf/Ldf klg sfd u/]+ . !@ ;o lbGy] k};f . ljxfg a]ns ' f ;fO{sndf ;fdfg nfg] Nofpg] u/]sf lyof}+ . G5'R5]nfn eGg] ;fyLn] k9\gnfO{ pTk|/] 0ff lbg' eof] / cWoog z'? u/]+ . ;+lugLsf] tflnd lyof] k|df0fkq lyPg . sfe|] x]Ny 6«l] gËdf egf{ u/]kl5 sf7df8f} r6Ss 5f8]+ . dnfO{ cWoog ug{ w]/h} gfn] ;xof]u u/] . lgoldt cWoog u/]+ . geGb} d pTs[i6 klg ePF . ufx|f] lyof] k|fljlws ljifo . 6'sL alQ lyof] . d}n] Pp6f nfnl6g lsg]/ nu]sf] lyPF . ufpFdf gd'gf eof] . /flt !@÷! ah];Dd cWoog uy{] . ToxfFaf6 z'? eof] d]/f] hLjg . plt{0f ePkl5 km]/L sf7df8f} uPF . lz/ d]df]l/on c:ktfndf # dlxgf cf]h6] L u/]sf] lyPF . vf]kf;L, gfnfdf d}n] lj/fdL hfFrs ] f] lyPF . w]/} l;ls;s]sf] lyPF . klxnf lnPsf] tLg;osf] sf]7fdf ;fyLx? lyP . d}n] /fd|f] k};f sdfpg yfn]+ . 8fS6/ h:t} ag]/ sfd ul/of] . ;fyLx?n] Tolta]nf nf]s;]jf v'Nof 5 lbp eg] . xfdLn] kmf/fd e¥of}+ gfd klg lgl:sof] . s]lx ;fyLx? k|fh] S] 6df klg sfd ub{y] . @)%% ;fndf km|G] rsf] sfd u/]+ . 8fF8fkf/Lsf] dxfb]j6f/ uflj;df uP/ sfd u/]+ . af;' yfkf ;fyLn] lrgfO{ lbg' ePsf] lyof] . dfcf]jfbL 6Gg} lyP . Ps lbgsf] s'/f lyof] . dfcf]jfbLsf sfo{stf{x?nfO{ kvfnf nfu]5 . d}n] pkrf/ ul/lbPF . /ft elgPg lbg elgPg . nf] s ;] j fdf gfd lgl:sPkl5 dnfO{ l;Gw'kfNrf]s k7fO{of] . u'G;f uflj;df klxnf] k6s :jf:Yo rf}sLsf] :yfkgf u/]sf lyof}+ xfdLn] . @)%& ;fnsf] s'/f lyof] . /fHo / ljb|fx] L kIfsf] HofbtL lyof] . ltk]gL eGg] 7fpFdf cfdL{sf] SofK6]g a:by] . ef]6g] fDnfËdf dnfO{ cfdL{n] vf]lh/x]sf] /x]5 . /fli6«o vf]k sfo{qmd lyof] . u'G;f uflj;df d PSn} lyPF . cfdL{x?n] dnfO{ yKk8 xfg] . ToxfF dfcf]jfbLnfO{ ;xof]u u/]sf] eGg] cf/f]k lyof] . x]Nykf]i6df dfcf]jfbLsf] kf]i6/ 6fFl;Psf] /x]5 . 6fF:g glbp dfg{,] 6fF:of] cfdL{n] xfGg] . e};L d¥of], kf8f] Aofof] eg]/ eGg' eGy] . a]sf/ cfP h:tf] eof] . dfg{' kg{] lhpFb} /fv]5g\ eg]/ cfdL{n] eGb} lyP . plgx?sf] cf/f]k dfcf]jfbLnfO{ ;xof]u u/]sf] eGg] lyof] . dfcf]jfbLx?n] ;xof]u g} u/] . kl5 lhNnfdf lgj]bg lbPF t/ dnfO{ ToxfFaf6 cGoq n}hfg] s'/f ePg . Tof] kL8fsf] ;do lyof] . kl5 ;§fk§f u/]/ d r08]gL cfPF . r08]gLaf6 xf]S;]df !) jif{ a;]+ . r08]gL cfpFbf 3/df cfP h:tf] nfUof] . 3/af6} hfg] cfpg] ug{ yfn]sf] lyPF . xf]S;]df a:bf d}n] lSnlgs rnfPsf] lyPF >L/fdkf6Ldf . xf]S;]af6 ;'Gyfg cfPsf] s]lx jif{ eof] . lg/Gt/ sfd ul//x]sf] 5' . /fhgLltM /fhgLlt vf;} yfxf lyPg . g]lj;+3sf] sfo{qmddf efif0f lbb} t

To:tf] xNnfvNnf eP5 . hgcfGbf]nng klg lyof] . ljBfyL{x?n] cfGbf]ng z'? ubf{ xfdLn] k|x/LnfO{ /f]Sg k'ndf 6fo/ afNof}+ . l6P/ UofF; xfGb} skm\o{' ' ;d]t nfu]5 . s]lx ;fyLx?nfO{ kqm]/ nUof] . d Tolx n's+] . 3/df s'/f yfxf eP5 . P;Pn;Lsf] tof/L ug{' kg{] eGb} dnfO{ ufnL ug{' eof] . sIff !) df x'bF f dfwj;/sf] 5f]/f ?k]Gb| / d s]kL sd/]8sf] 3/df k|lzIf0fdf a:of}+ . b'O{ lbg k|lzIf0fdf a:bf dfq} a'em]+ d}n] sDo'lgi6 / sf+u;]| . Tof] k|lzIf0fn] dnfO{ ;+ul7t agfpg ;xof]u u¥of] . OGb|Z] j/af6 d k|ltlglw ag]/ h]l;hsf] xn ag]kfdf cg]/f:jljo'sf] lhNnf ;Dd]ngdf ;xeflu ePF . OGb|]Zj/ :s'nsf] k|fssf] ;lrj lyPF . lhNnf sld6Ldf al;g d . gf/fo0f kf08] cWoIf, uf]s'n af:sf]6f ;lrj . ljBfnodf klg pxfFx? uP/ k|lzIf0f lbg'eof] . cfO{sd cWoog ubf{ sfe|] ax'd'vL SofDk;af6 km]/L lhNnf ;Dd]ngdf ;xeflu ePF . ;/:jtL SofDk;df clvnsf] k|f/lDes sld6Ldf ;xeflu ePF . z+s/ kf]v/]n cWoIf x'Fbf d k|ltlglw ePsf] lyPF . ;/:jtL SofDk;df cWoog ubf{ lslt{k'/ SofDk;df cfGbf]ng ug{] eg]/ ?kgf/fo0f >]i7, cDa'ejfgL sfsL{sf] g]t[Tjdf uPsf lyof}+ . pxfFx?n] xfdLnfO{ Kofh lbg' ePsf] lyof] . l6P/ UofF; xfGbf xfdL Kofh lnP/ efUYof}+ . k]zfut lxtsf nflu d}n] /fhgLlt u/]sf] 5' . u5{' klg . k|]d / ljjfxM xfdL ;fg} ePsfn] klg xf] ls s] xf] < ljBfnodf hLjgdf k|]d eGg] zAb g} ;'lgb}g lyof] . s]6Lx? klg yf]/} lyP . k|]d kq n]Vg], cfpg] ePg . dg kg{] x'GYof] xf]nf . ufpFdf Soft's]sf] em\ofËdf gfd n]v]/ lh:Sofpg] ub{y] . s]lx ;fyLx?n] tFnfO{ dg k/fpF5 eg]/ ;'gfpFy] . cfDg] ;fDg] eP/ k|]dsf s'/f x'g ;s]g . d}n] dflu ljjfx u/]sf] x'F . @)%! ;fndf ljjfx u/]+ . @)%$ ;fndf klxnf] aRrf hlGdof] . dxfb]j6f/ lyPF . klxnf] aRrf x'Fbf klg 3/df gePsf], j]jf:tf u/]sf] eg]/ u'gf;f] lyof] >LdtLsf] . ;/sf/L hflu/sf] eGbf k};f w]/} ePsfn] hfg' k5{ eg]sf] lyPF . k};f /fd|f] lyof] . pgL l/;fPsL lyO{g\ . slxn]sfFlx emu8f x'G5 . clxn] aRrf 7'nf ePsf 5g\ . xfdL gaf]n] klg aRrfx?n] dWo:ytf u5{g\ . a'afcfdf klg ;Fu} x'g'x'G5 . xfd|f] vf;} emu8f k/]sf] 5}g . k/]sf] a]nf d g} af]nfpF5' . efjL of]hgfM cfkm\g} k]zf cg';f/sf] k;n ;+rfng ug{] of]hgfdf 5' . xf]S;]df ePsf] k;n ljqmL u/]/ cfPkl5 c? s]lx ul/Psf] 5}g . hflu/ ;s]/ dfq} cGo yk s'/f ;f]rf}+nf eGg] 5 . dfG5]nfO{ 7'nf] s'/f ;Nnfx /x]5 . p2]Zo glnO{ hLjg ;kmn x'Fb}g . o:tf] ljifo cWoog ubf{ o:tf] x'G5 eGg] s'/f z'?d} ePsf] eP hLjg ;Dj[4 agfpg ;xh x'g] /x]5 . cGwsf/ t 5}g hLjg t/ z'? b]lvs} Pp6} eof] eg] dfq} To;n] ;xof]u k'¥ofpF5 . hLjgM ;+3if{ . k|]dM Ps cfk;sf] ldng . ljjfxM j+zsf] lg/Gt/tf . zfl//Ls ;DaGwM ef}lts cfjZostf . ***

k|fO{d PkmPd !)$=% d]ufxh{sf] ljxfgL lrGtg sfo{qmd cGtu{t zlgjf/sf] lbg ul/Psf] JolQmsf] JolQmut hLjgsf ef]ufO{ af/]sf] s'/fsfgLsf] ;f/f+z . k|ltlqmofsf] nflu M motiramtimalsina@gmail.com


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† cfhef]nLsf] s]df Ao:t x'g'x'G5 < cfhef]ln cfkm\g} sfdlt/ Jo:t 5' . clxn] d Ph's]zg Pa|f]8 l/;h{ tyf sG;N6]G;Ldf Dofg]h/sf] ?kdf sfo{/t 5' . d ;dfh ;'wf/ ;+:yf g]kfnsf] ;+:yfks cWoIf klg ePsf]n] ljleGg sfo{x?lt/} Jo:t 5' . † hLjgdf lzIffsf] cfjZostf lsg < gk]fnsf] lzIff Aojxfl/s 5g ls 5g } < cfhsf] hdfgfdf lzIff ljgf s]xL klg ;Dej 5}g . lzIffn] dflg;sf] cfwf/e"t cfjZostf k"/f u5{ . g]kfnsf] ;Gbe{df eGg'kbf{ Jojxfl/s lzIff 5}g . oxfF 3f]sGt] ljBfsf] v]tL ul/G5 . g]kfndf k};f sdfpgsf] nflu lzIffsf] Jofkf/ ul/Psf] 5 . g]kfndf Jojxfl/s lzIffsf] sdLn] ubf{ sof}+ o'jfx? vf8Ldf /f]huf/sf nflu ljb]lzPsf 5g\ . † lsg g]kfnLx? h'g laifodf k9\5g\ ToxL;Fu ;DalGwt k]zf Aoa;fo ub}{gg\ < g]kfndf k|of]ufTds lzIffsf] cefj 5 . :s"n, sn]h t hfG5g\ t/ k9fO{ s] sf] nflu xf] pgLx?n] a'em]sf x'b}gg\ . 1fg lnPsfx?n] klg ;lx ;b'kof]u ug{ ;s]sf 5}gg\ . g]kfndf

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Jojxfl/s, k|of]ufTds, clg g}lts lzIffsf] ljsf; x'g g;Sg' / lzIffdf /fhgLlt x'g' g} g]kfnL hgtfsf] 7"nf] b'ef{Uo xf] . cfkm"n] k9]sf] lzIffsf] k"0f{ k|of]ufTds v'aL gkfpg' g} ;DalGwt ljifosf] k]zf ug{ g;Sg' g} k|d'v sf/0f xf] . † bz ] gof“ ;/+rgfdf hfb5 } , s] ca ;fR“r} gk]fnsf] ljsf; xfn ] f< g]kfn ljsf; x'g g]kfn n] s]xL ug{ k5{ h:tf] dnfO{ nfUb}g . cem b]z ljsf;sf] nflu cfjZos s'/fx? ljsl;t /fi6«x?n] cfljisf/ ul/;s] . xfdLn] Tolx s'/fx?nfO{ k|of]u ug{ ;Sof} eg] b]z w]/} cufl8 a9\5 . Psb'O{ hgf g]tfn] b]z aGb}g . b]z ljsf; ug{ ;a} g]kfnLx? Psh'6 eO{ nfUg' k5{ . † cfhef]nL pkTosf / j/k/ nf]8;]l8ª 5}g of] slQsf] ;'vb ljifo xf] < b]znfOg} nf]8;]l8ª d'Qm x'g]df slQsf] cfzf 5 < d}n] hfg]a'em];Dd g]kfn bf]>f] hn;|f]tsf] wgL /fi6« xf] . clxn] nf]8;]l8ª ePsf] 5}g . t/ of] slt ;dosf] nflu xf] < 7]ufg 5}g . nf]8;]l8ª gx'Fbf b]zdf vaf{} ;DklQsf] OGwg ar]sf] 5 . of] v'zLsf] s'/f xf] . o;n] yk b]z ljsf;df 6]jf k'¥ofpg ;S5 . † hLjgdf s:sf] k|]/0ffn] cufl8 a9\g] ;fx; a9\5 < lsg < hLjgdf ;dfhaf6 d}n] w]/} s'/f l;Sg] df}sf kfP h'g ;dfhdf d hlGdPF . d ul/a kl/jf/df hlGdPsf] dfG5] . d]/f] ;kmntfsf] k|yd >]o d]/f a'afcfdf nfO{ hfG5 . h;n] dnfO{ c;n

P;kL yfkfsf gof“ of]hgf w'lnv]n÷lhNnf k|x/L sfof{no sfe|d] f z'qmaf/ xflh/ ePsf k|x/L k|dv ' P;kL ;xs'n axfb'/ yfkfn] zlgaf/ kqsf/ e]63f6 sfo{qmdsf] cfof]hgf u/L lhNnfsf] zflGt ;'/Iffdf s'g} sld x'g glbg] atfPsf 5g\ . P;kL /fh]zgfy afF:tf]nfsf] ;?jf kl5 pgL z'qmaf/ xflh/ ePsf lyP . kl5Nnf] ;do 3/n]' dlb/fsf] lgoGq0f, u0'8fubLs { f] k0"f{ ?kdf cGTo / ck/fwdf ulx/f] 9u+af6 cg;'Gwfg ug]{

s/'fdf cfkmn'] k0'ft{ Wofg lbg] yfkfn] atfP . lhNnfsf] kgft}L, kfr F vfn nufotsf :yfgdf ePsf ck/fwdf ck/fwLx? km/f/ 5g\ . kx|/Ln] km/f/ ck/fwLx?sf] kqmfpsf nflu klg cleofg rfNg] pgn] atfP . lhNnfnfO{ k0'f{ ?kdf zflGt ;/'Iffdf cAan agfpg dftxtsf ;a} ol'g6x? kl/rfng u/L gful/sx?nfO{ ;xh ?kdf ;j]f kb|fg ug]{ pgsf] kl|tj4tf lyof] . cfTdxTof, anfTsf/, rf/]Lsf 36gf lgoGq0f ug{ kx|/Ln] vN]g' kg]{ el"dsfdf sdL gxg'] pgn] atfP .

ko{6lso If]qsf] ljsf;sf nflu ;Demf}tf w'lnv]n÷w'lnv]n gu/kflnsfnfO{ ko{6lso If]qdf cAan agfpg] pb]Zon] z'qmaf/ w'lnv]n gu/kflnsf / lxdfn Plzof x]l/6]h Ph'sz ] gn kmfpG8]zg hd{gL lar ;Demf}tf ePsf] 5 . w' l nv] n gu/kflnsfsf sfo{sf/L clws[t ljgf]b e§/fO{ / lxdfn Plzof x]l/6]h Ph's]zgn kmfpG8]zg hd{gLsf k|d'v 8f= ;';fgL l8/ x]8L lar

;Demf}tf ePsf 5 . wlnv]ndf /x]sf ;Dkbf, k'/ftfTjLs / ;:s[tL hu]gf{] ug{ lgdf{0f, ;+u|fno :yfkgfdf ;xof]u ug{ nfluPsf] 8f= ;';fgLn] atfPsL 5g\ . w'lnv]ndf /x]sf k'/fgf 3/x?nfO{ k'/fg} ;+/rgfdf agfO{ w'lnv]nsf] ko{6lso / ;f+:s[lts ;Dkbfsf] hu{]gf ug{ nfuLPsf] xf] . sfo{qmddf w'lnv]n gu/kflnsfsf k'j{ k|d'v a]n k|;fb >]i7, pkk|d'v czf]s AofGh' :yfgLojf;L, pBf]u afl0fHo ;3+, sd{rf/L, kqsf/ nufotsf AolQmx?sf] pkl:ytL /x]sf] lyof] .

agk]fbl]væul}/rf/}Æbp]k/';Dd xn]Das ' f] gof“ a; ;j]f xf]d rf}+nfufFO{÷dxfb]j:yfg dxfb]j:yfgsf] s'Gtfj]zL, g;{/L, u]?jf, cfFkvf]nf, kf}jf6f/, k|:tfljt d08b b]pk'/sf] s]Gb| eg]/ xNnfdf NofOPsf] u}l/rf}/ x'Fb} u}lx|lj;f}gf b]pk'/;Dd x]nDa' oftfoftsf] a; ;]jf ;+rfng k|f/De ePsf] 5 . @)&# ;fn d+l;/ !! ut]af6 pQm gofF ?6df a; ;]jf ;+rfngdf cfPsf] xf] . a; ;]jf ;+rfngdf cfP;+u}

u}lx|la;f}gf b]pk'/sf ofq'x?n] Pp6} dfq a; kv]{/ lhNnf ;b/d'sfd w'lnv]n x'Fb} lhNnfsf] Jofkfl/s gu/L ag]kf;Dd k'Ug rfkfrfk a:g' kg]{ s'/fsf] s]lx xb;Dd cGTo ePsf] 5 . o;sf] cnfjf dxfb]j:yfg nufot s'Gtfa]zL b]lv ag]kf;Dd hfg] cfpg] ofq'x?n] ;d]t s]lx /fxt dx;'; ug]{ atfOPsf] 5 . of] / o:t} sfdx?sf] ;fydf ljleGg u|fld0f e]u / a:tLx?df oftfoftsf] kx"Fr k'¥ofpg] sfo{df x]nDa' oftfoft ;]jf ;ldlt cAan e}/x]sf] 5 .

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dfu{df 8f]¥ofpg'eof] . c;n ;+:sf/ l;sfpg'eof] . ;+3if{ ug{ l;sfpg'eof] . clxn] d y'k|} g]kfnL bfh'efO{ lbbLalxgLx?sf] dgdl:t:sdf a:g ;kmn ePsf] 5' . d}n] s;}nfO{ cfkm\gf] b'idg ;Dem]g . d}n] c?af6 klg y'k|} 1fg x? l;Sg] df}sf kfPF . † o'jf lkl9df lsg lg/fzf a9\b} uPsf] xf]nf < ;dfwfg s] x'g ;S5 < o'jfx? cfhef]ln cfkm\g} d:tLdf e'n]sf 5g\ . o'jfx? ha dfof k|]ddf b'lgofF ;DemG5g\ cfkm\gf x/]s kfOnf kfOnf x?sf] ;kgfsf] ;+;f/ ;DemL;s]kl5 s'g} Psaf6 ljZjf; 3ft sf] ljif lkpg' kb{}g . csf{] s'/f /fHokIfn] klg o'jfju{x?nfO{ o'jfx?sf] Ifdtf cg';f/sf] /f]huf/sf] Joj:yf lbnfpg' k5{ . a]/f]huf/ o'jfx?df a9L lg/fzfkg 5fpF5 . cfkm\gf] of]Uotf / ;Lk cg';f/sf] /f]huf/ lbnfpg' /fHosf] st{Jo klg xf] . † xfn b]zn] !^ lbg] n}l·s lx+;f la?2sf] lbj; dgfpb} 5, n}lËs lx+;fsf] cGTo ug{ sf] a9L lhDd]jf/ x'g h?/L 5 < b]zdf clxn] n}l+us lx+;f lj?4sf] lbj; dgfpFb}5 . xfd|f] g]kfndf n}+lus lx+;f lbgfg'lbg a9\bf] dfqfdf a9\b} 5 . o;nfO{ x6fpgsf] nflu ;j{k|yd t dlxnf cfkm}+ klg ;xh / ;r]t /xg' cfjZos 5 . o;sf cnfjf ;/sf/n] klg o; ljifodf s]xL sfo{of]hgfx? Nofpg cfjZos 5 . ljz]ifu/L dlxnfx?k|lt x'g] lx+;fnfO{ Go"gLs/0f ug{sf] nflu dlxnfx?df klxn] lzIffsf] cfjZos kb{5 . ;dfhdf dlxnfx? lzlIft eP eg] n}+lus lx+;f s]xL xb;Dd sd x'g] b]lvG5 . † ;S]; eGgfn] s] a‰'gx'G'5 < hLjgdf ;S]; lsg cfjZos < ;]S; Ps k|fs[lts k|lqmof xf] . of] j+z lj:tf/ ;[li6 rnfpg cfjZos 5 . t/ kl5Nnf] ;do ;]S; cfTd;Gt'li6sf] nflu k|of]u ePsf] kfOPsf] 5 . h'g unt 5 . ljjfx kl5sf] ;]S;nfO{ ;dfhn] klg dfGotf lbPsf] kfOG5 . † cGTodf = = = xfdL dflg; hGdbf ;as } /'f hfg/] hGds ] f xbF'g}f+} . ;a} s/'f ;don] g} l;sfp5F . ;dfhdf hGd/] ;dfhsf nflu sx]L ugk'{5{ . cfkmg\f] nflu eGbf c?sf] nflu sx]L ugk'{5{ . cGTodf oj'fjud{f d df8]g{ gk]fn ld;g df ;xefuL xg' cg/'fw] ub5{' .

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s'Gtfa]zL÷e"sDk uPsf] nfdf] ;dokl5 ;DDklg k"glg{df0fsf] sfdn] l9n} ult lnO/x]sf] a]nf dxfb]j:yfg–@ wfO{6f/df æjN8{ ld;g O{G6/g]Zgn rr{ ckm u8Æn] ut d+l;/ !# ut] gofF ljBfno ejg x:tfGt/0f u/]sf] 5 . ljBfnosf 5fq÷5fqfx?nfO{ :6z ] g/L, Aofu / zl}Ifs ;fduL|sf] Joj:yfkgsf] ;fy} cleefjs÷ljBfyLx{?nfO{ vfhfsf] Joj:yfkg ;lxtsf] x:tfGt/0f sfoq{mddf lzIff ljefusf pk–lgbz {] s sz ] /L/d0f Gofk}fg,] ljBfnosf lzIfs, cleefjsx?, ljBfyL,{ l5ds ] L ljBfnosf kw|fgfWofksx? / :yfgLo lzIff;j]L jl'4lhjLx?sf] pkl:ylt /xs ] f] lyof] . ædb;{

:sn"–@Æ eg/] x:tfGt/0f ul/Psf] pQm ljBfno ejgdf $ cf6]f Jojl:yt sIff sf7]fx? /xs ] f 5g\ . es " Dk kZrft kg"lgd{f0fsf] nflu ;xofu] lng] qmddf /fHoaf6 :jLst[L kf|Kt ljleGg ;3 + ;:+yf / lgsfox?dWo] of] Pp6f lqmlZrog wd;{u+ ;DjlGwt Pp6f ;:+yf xf] . sfo{qmddf k|d'v bftf, k|d'v cltlynfO{ ;Ddfg–kq / dfofFsf] lrgf] k|bfg ub}{ ;Ddfg ul/P;+u} ljBfnosf ;]jf lgj[Q lzIfsåo ;f]dgfy ;fksf]6f / OZj/Lk|;fb kf}8]nnfO{ bf];Nnf, k|df0f–kq / k"mndfnf ;lxt ;Ddfg ul/Psf] lyof] .

lzIfsnfO{ lnog kbdf lkmtf{ gug{ cfb]z w'lnv]n÷;jf]{RRf cbfntn] lzIfsnfO{ lnog kbdf lkmtf{ gug{ cGtl/d cfb]z hf/L u/]sf] 5 . k|f=lj= :yfoL kb lnog /fvL df=lj= c:yfoL kbdf sfo{/t sfe|] lhNNffsf lzIfsx? l;h{gzLn hgtf p=df=lj=sf l8Da/ a=nfdf, rq]mZj/ p=df=lj=sf o"j/fh bfxfn, / xl/ k|;fb l3ld/] tyf sflnsf p=df=lj=sf ;'Gb/ >]i7 nfO{ k|f=lj= lnog kbd} kmsf{pg lhNnf lzIff sfo{fno sfe|n] ] @)&@ ;fn kmfNu'0f !( df kl/kq u/]sf]df cfkm'nfO{ cGofo k/]sf] eGb} ;jf{R] r cbfntdf sfg"gL pkrf/sf] nflu k'us ] f lgj]bssf] l/6 lgj]bgdf ;'gj' fO{ u/L ;jf{R] r cbfntsf Gofoflwz

lbks/fh hf]zLsf] Psn Ohnfzn] @)&# d+;L/ !@ ut] lnog kbdf lkmtf{ gug{ cGtl/d cfb]z hf/L u/]sf] 5 . o; cl3 lzIff dGqL lrqn]vf ofbjn] @)&@ ;fn c;f/ @* df g} lnog kbdf kmsf{pg lg0f{o u/]sf]df pSt lg0f{o nfu" gu/fpg ;jf{]Rr cbfntn] @)&@ efb| * df g} cGtl/d cfb]z hf/L u/]s]fdf k'gMlhNnf lzIff sfof{no sfe|]n] cbfntsf] cGtl/d cfb]z ;d]tnfO{ a]jf:tf ub{} k'g lnog kbdf g} kmsf{pg kq sf6]sfn] sfg"gL pkrf/sf nflu cfkm"x? cbfnt hfg afWo ePsf] l/6 lgj]bs dWosf rqm]Zj/ p=df=lj sf lzIfs o'j/fh bfxfnn] hfgsf/L lbP . pSt l/6 lgj]bgdf lgj]bssf tkm{af6 clwjStf sf]if/fh sfkm\nn] ] ax; u/]sf lyP .

w'lnv]n÷sf7df8f}F ljZjljBfnosf] bf]>f] r/0fsf] @@ cf}F bLIffGt ;df/f]xdf ;f]daf/ w'lnv]ndf ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . ;df/f]xdf ef/tsf] ;]G6/ km/ kf]ln;L l/;r{sf k|]l;8]G6 tyf k|d'v sfo{sf/L k|f= 8f= k|tfk efg' d]xtfn] ljZj / g]kfnsf] ;DjGw, g]kfnsf] cj:yf / ljsf;sf af/]df af]ns ] f lyP eg] s'nklt Pj+ k|wfgdGqL k'iksdn bfxfnn] ljifonfO{ l7s 9+un] ;Daf]wg ug{ g;s]sf] cj:yfdf b]z 7'nf] b'3{6gfdf hfg ;Sg] atfPsf lyP . k|wfgdGqL bfxfnn] ;+ljwfg sfof{Gjog, /fhgLlts l:yt/tf / cGt{/fli6«o ;DjGw ;'wf/ clxn]sf] cfjZostf /x]sf] atfP . …d oltv]/ g]kfnL /fhgLltsf] e'sDksf] s]Gb| ljGb'df a:of 5'Ú–bfxfnn] eg]–…hLjgdf ;+sNk / dxTjsfFIff /fVg';\ / ;kmntf k|fKt ug{'; .Ú ljs6 al:tx?sf ljkGg hgtfsf] d]xgt / kl/>d ljZjljBfnosf] k|]/0ffsf] >f]t ePsf] dfsh'n] atfP . ;df/f]xdf dGqL, k"j{dGqL / /fhb"tx¿, nufot ljlzi7 AolQmx?sf] ;xeflutf /x]sf] lyof] . ;df/f]xdf :s'n ckm ;fOG;sf @ ;o $( hgf, :s'n ckm OlGhlgol/ªsf @ ;o *@ hgf, :s'n ckm Dofg]hd]G6sf $ ;o ^$ hgf, :s'n ckm Ph's];gsf !)# hgf / :s'n ckm cf6\{;\sf !*& hgf u/L ! xhf/ @ ;o *% hgf :gftsx¿ bLlIftePsf 5g\ . bLlIft x'gx] ¿dWo] cd]l/sfsf #, e'6fgsf !, rLgsf @, ef/tsf !!, aËnfb]zsf #, kfls:tfgsf # / hd{gLsf @ u/L & b]zsf @% hgf /x]sf 5g\ . pQL0f{ x'gx] ¿ dWo] dlxnf $!=&( k|ltzt /x]sf 5g\ . rfG;n/ :j0f{kbs :s'n ckm OlGhlgol/ªsf n]vgfy bfxfn -

;LhLkLP #=(*, df:6/ Og NofG8 P8ldlg:6«;] g_ nfO{, efO; rfG;n/ :j0f{kbs :s'n ckm cf6{;s \ f uf]kfn lqtfn -;LhLkLP #=((#, Aofrn/ ckm 8]enkd]G6 :6l8h_ nfO{, h'4axfb'/ >]i7 :j0f{kbs :s'n ckm Dofg]hd]G6sf gL/h l3ld/] -;LhLkLP #=*%, PdaLP_ nfO{ / /0faxfb'/ zfx :j0f{kbs :s'n ckm Dofg]hd]G6s} ;'>L /hgL dxh{g ;LhLkLP #=*), PdaLP_ nfO{ k|bfg ul/Psf] lyof] . klxnf]k6s df:6/ Og ;:6]ga] n 8]enkd]G6 ljifodf ! hgf, k|fh] S] 6 Dofg]hd]G6 ljifodf # hgf / sDo'lg6L 8]enkd]G6 ljifodf ^ hgf u/L !) hgf ljBfyL{x¿ bLlIft ePsf 5g\ . ljZjljBfnosf] klxnf] r/0fsf] ;df/f]xdf bLlIft d]l8snkm{sf ! xhf/ # ;o && hgf ;d]t u/L o; jif{ @ xhf/ ^ ;o ^@ hgf ljBfyL{x? bLlIft ePsf] ljZjljBfnon] hfgsf/L lbPsf] 5 . s] o " s f] pks'nklt 5fGg ;ldlt sf7df8f} F ljZjljBfnosf] pksn'klt rog ugs { f nflu lzIffdGqL tyf ;x sn'klt wlg/fd kf8}n]sf] cWoIftfdf tLg ;b:oLo ;ldlt u7g ePsf] 5 . ;fd]af/ ljZjljBfnosf sn'klt ;dt] /xs ] f kw|fgdGqL ki'ksdn bfxfn …kr | 08Ú sf] cWoIftfdf a;s ] f] sf7df8fF} ljZjljBfno ;efsf] &% cfF} a7}sn] pQm lg0fo{ u/s ] f] xf] . ;ldltsf ;b:ox¿df sf7df8fF} ljZjljBfno ;/+If0f ;ldltsf cWoIf bdggfy 9Ë'fgf / ;:+yfks pksn'klt 8f= ;/'z ] /fh zdf{ ;b:o /xge'Psf] 5 . jtd{fg pksn'klt kf|= 8f= /fds07 dfsh" >i]7sf] rf/jif{] sfos { fn cfufdL dªl\;/ @^ ut] ;dfKt xg'] ePsfn] pksn'klt rog ug{ ;ldlt agfOPsf] xf] . pQm ;ldltn] l;kmfl/; u/k]l5 kw|fgdGqL tyf sn'kltaf6 pksn'klt lgoQ'm ul/g] kf|jwfg /xs ] f] 5 .

:j0f{ dxf]T;;jsf] cj;/df s[i0fuf]kfndf ;Ktfx 9'+vs{÷@)@# ;fn k'if ! ut] :yfkgf ePsf] 9'+vs{ uf=lj=;= j8f g+= @ l:yt If]qkfn a'9fdxfFsfnsf] ;fldKo / a]yf~rf]s gf/fo0f:yfgsf] pQ/L sfvdf /x]sf s[i0fuf]kfn df=lj= 9'+vs{ -@ n] :yfkgfsf] %) cf}+ jif{ kf/ ug{ nfu]sf] z'e pknIodf :j0f{ dxf]T;j dgfpg ;Ktfxsf] cfof]hgf ug{] ePsf] 5 . ;f]daf/ cfof]lht kqsf/ ;Dd]ngdf ljBfnosf k|wfgfWofks Pj+ :j0f{ dxf]T;j d'n ;df/f]x ;ldltsf ;lrj rGb|k|;fb ltdlN;gf / ljBfno Aoj:yfkg ;ldltsf cWoIf tyf :j0f{ dxf]T;j d'n ;df/f]x ;ldltsf ;+of]hs u0f]zk|;fb ltdlN;gfn] ljBfnosf] Oltxf;, :Jf0f{ dxf]T;jsf af/]df hfgsf/L u/fPsf lyP . cfufdL d+l;/ @$ ut] b]lv k'if ! ut];Dd VoftL k|fKt cWofTd lz/f]d0fL k+l8t /fds[i0f pkfWofosf] ;+l+ utdo syf k|jrgdf >Ldb\ efujt ;Ktfx 1fg dxfo1sf] ;fydf :j0f{ dxf]T;j ;DkGg x'g]5 . ;Ktfx 1fg dxfo1jf6 ;f7L nfv ?k}of cfly{s ;+sng u/L ljBfnosf] z}lIfs, ef}lts / cfly{s :t/f]pGgtL ug]{ pb]Zo /x]sf] ;f]lx cj;/df hfgsf/L u/fO{Psf] lyof] . ljBfnonfO{ cfufdL jif{ sIff pGgtL u/L sIff !! / !@ yk ug,{] ljBfnosf] efl}ts ljsf;sf nflu lgdf0{flwg

^ sf7]] kSsL ejg k/'f ug,{] ljBfnosf] nflu vn] db}fg / efl}ts lgdf0{fsf nflu yk hUuf vl/b ug{] tyf 5fqf dq}L zfr } fnosf] lgdf0{f ug{] nIo ;dt] lnPsf kc| ltdlN;gfn] atfP . jfnljsf; sG]b| -Ol;8L_ nfO{ ljBfnosf] cfwf/lznfsf] ?kdf ljsf; u/L ;f|t] ;fwg ;DkGg / Jojl:yt ug,{] sIff ! bl]v $ ;Dd k¥'ofOPsf] cu+h]|L dfWodsf] lzIf0fnfO{ qmdz dfWolds tx ;Dd k¥'ofpg,] sDKo6'/ Nofj lj:tf/ ul/ ljifo lzIf0f / lzIf0f dfWodsf ?kdf ljsf; ul/ lzIf0fdf cfOl;6L ljlwsf] ko|fu] ug,{] Jojl:yt lj1fg ko|fu]zfnf lgdf0{f ul/ ko|fu]df hf8] lbg] / jfnljsf;sf nflu jfn pbo\fgsf] ljsf; ug{] ofh]gf ljBfnon] jgfPsf] 5 . :j0f{ dxfT];j Pj+ dxfo1 eJo ?kdf dgfpg nflu ljBfno Aoj:yfkg ;ldltsf cWoIf u0fz ] k=| ltdlN;gfsf] ;o+fh]sTjdf dn' ;df/fx] ;ldlt u7g ePsf] 5 . :j0f{ dxfT];jnfO{ ;Eo / eJo ?kdf ;kmn kfg{ tyf ljBfnosf] ;du| ;w'f/ / :t/fG]tLsf efjL ofh]gfx?nfO{ oyfy{df ?kfGt/0f u/fpg ;Dk0"fd{f ljBfnon] cfux| u/s ] f] 5 . lj=;= @)@# ki'f ! ut] cfk}rfl/s ?kdf :yfkgf eO{ @)%) ;fndf lg=df=lj= / lj;+ @)^% ;fndf df=lj=sf] cgd'tL lnO{ @)^^ ;fn jf6 P;=Pn=;L kl/Iffdf ;xefuL xg' yfns ] f] pQm ljBfnojf6 xfn ;Dd @ ;o #$ ljBfyLn{] P;=Pn=;L plQ0f{ ul/ ;ss ] f 5g . xfn o; ljBfnodf @ ;o &@ ljBfyLx{? cWoog/t 5g\ .

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3/af6 lg:sg] kmf]xf]/d}nfsf af/]df xfdL w]/} ;+j]bglzn eO;s]sf 5}gf} . a9\bf] hg;ªVof;Fu}sf] a9\bf] c}fBf]uLs/0f, cfw''lgs/0fn] l;ldt dfqfdf /x]sf] k|fs[lts ;|f]tx?df c;/ k''/ofO/x]sf] 5 .xfdLn] agfPsf ;+/rgfx?n] k|fs[lts rs|x?df c;/ k''/fO/x]sf] s''/f xfdLnfO{ sd cjut 5 . xfd|f vf]nfgfnfx? ;kmf clg :j5Gb ?kn] aUg''kg]{df xfdLn] km|ofs]sf kmf]xf]/ clg gfln af]s]/ ;''Sg] qmddf 5g\ kmn:j?k cfpg] eflj lbgx?df kfgLsf] ;d:of clg xfxfsf/ a9\g] s''/faf6 xfdL cem} cglaUo 5f} . xfd|f jghËn lbgk|ltlbg dflg;x?sf] cfjZostf-sf7 bfp/f,3fF;, clS;hg_ kl/k''lt{ ug{ k|of]udf 5g\ . xfd|f v]tL of]Uo clg dlnnf hldgx? cUnf :+f/rgf lgdf{0fsf] xf]8afhLdf ljlng x''g] cj:yfdf k''u]sf 5g\ . xfd|f] xfjf a9\bf] kmf]xf]/d}nfsf] b''u{Gwdf ljlng cj:yfdf 5g\ .xfd|f sltko lasf;sf sfo{qmdx? lbuf] geO{ cJoal:yt tl/sfn] cufl8 al8/x]sf5g\ . lo afx]s aftfa/0fLo c;Gt'n' gsf] nflu lasl;t d'n' s ' x?sf] cfw'l' gs k|ljlw,k|fs[lts ;f]t| sf] clws tyf cg'l' rt pkof]u, lasf;f]Gd'v ' d'n' s ' x?df ePsf] hg;ªVof a[l4 clg ul/la / lbuf] lasf; tkm{ sd rf;f] clg hfgsf/L /x]sf 5g\ .xfdL kmf]xf]/ u5f}{ eg] kmf]xf]/ Aoa:yfkg ug]{ bfloTj tyf st{Ao xfd|fg] } x'G' 5 . xfdLn] jftfa/0fsf] ;+/If0f c?sf nflu ub}5 { f} eGbf klg xfdL cfkm} :j:Yo /xgsf nflu ub}5 { f} eGg] a'‰' g'k' 5{ . lbuf] lasf;n] jftfa/0fsf ;|ft] x?sf] ;lx

s}bL aGbLx?sf] dfgj clwsf/ ;+/If0f ug{ kl/of]hgf

w'lnv]n÷aGbL tyf s}bLx?sf] dfgj clwsf/ ;+/If0f tyf k|j4{ g ug{] pb]Zon] lhNnf sf/fuf/ sfof{no sfe|d] f #) dlxg] kl/of]hgf l;leS6 kmf]/dn] z'? u/]sf] 5 . o'/f]lkog o'lgogsf] cfly{s ;xof]u / Xofl08Sofk OG6/g]zgn g]kfnsf] k|fljlws ;xof]udf oftgf kLl8t ;/f]sf/ s]Gb| g]kfnn] pQm sfo{qmd z'? u/]sf] xf] . pQm sfo{qmdsf] z'ef/De lhNnf GofofwLz n]vgfy 9sfnn] u/]sf lyP . sfo{qmd lhNnf sf/fuf/ sfof{no sfe|s ] f k|dv ' h]n/ dx]Gb| kf]v/]nsf] ;efkltTjdf ;DkGg ePsf] lyof] . sfo{qmddf ;xfos k|dv ' lhNnf clwsf/L ledsfGt zdf{, lhNnf GofofwLjQmf /fhg xdfn, l;leS6sf /fli6«o sfo{qmd ;+of]hs /d]zs'df/ lji6, dgf]h uf]oa/ nufotn] pQm sfo{qmdsf] k|efjsfl/tfsf af/]df af]ns ] f lyP . pQm kl/of]hgfn] sf7df8f}sf] dlxnf sf/fuf/ tyf s]lGb|o sf/fuf/, sfe|s ] f] w'lnv]n / dsjfgk'/sf] If]lqo sf/fuf/ u/L #^ ;o s}bL aGbLx? nufot b]zsf !^ xhf/ * ;o s}bLaGbLx?nfO{ k|ToIf ?kdf nfe k'¥ofpg] u/L sfo{qmd cfof]hgf ul/Psf] 5 . sf/fuf/ Aoj:yfkg / sfg'g sfof{Gjogsf af/]df Ifdtf tyf cfjZostf cg';f/ ! ;o @) hgfnfO{ k|lzIf0f lbO{g] ;f]lx cj;/df hfgsf/L u/fO{Psf] lyof] . sf/fuf/ a;fO{n] lgDTofpg ;Sg] bL3{sflng ckfÍtf tyf sf/fuf/df pknAw k'jf{wf/ Pj+ ;'ljwfsf af/]df cWoog u/L k|ltj]bg ;d]t ;fj{hlgs ug{ kl/of]hgfsf k|dv ' /d]zs'df/ lji6n] hfgsf/L lbP .

slgi7 GofofwLzsf] al/i7 lj?4 ph'/L w'lnv]n÷pRr cbfntdf lgo'lQm x'g] tof/L ;Fu} slgi7 GofofwLz?n] emu8fn' dfkm{t l;lgo/ GofofwLzx? lj?4 ph'/L ug{ nufPsf] tYox? aflx/ cfpg yfn]sf 5g\ . s]lx GofofwLz?n] csf{] GofofwLznfO{ 5]Sg s'k|rf/ ub{} ;dfrf/ ;d]t k|sfzg u/fpg yfn]sf 5g\ . jiff{;} Dd ph'/L glbPsf / gk/]sf GofofwLzx? lj?4 pRr cbfntdf GofofwLz lgo'lQmsf] tof/L;Fu} ph'/Lsf] jiff{ cfpg'nfO{ s]lx GofofwLzx?n] Tolx ?kdf a'em]sf 5g\ . cbfntdf ljleGg k|s/0fdf d'2f k/L xf/]sf kIfx?, lt kIfsf sfg'g Aoj;foLx? tyf slgi7 GofofwLzx?n] cfkm' eGbf l;lgo/ GofofwLzx? lj?4 ph'/L ug{] u/]sf] v'ns ] f] xf] . pRr cbfntsf nflu *) GofofwLzsf] lgo'lQmsf nflu * ;o eGbf w]/n} ] cfsfFIff b]vfPsf 5g\ . o; cl3sf k|wfgGofofwLz?n] Gofofkl/ifb\df k/]sf ph'/Lx?nfO{ ldlt tf]s/] } x]g]{ u/]sf lyP . …lgo'lQmsf] k'j;{ GWofdf k/]sf clwsf+z ph'/Lx? k'jf{ux| L afx]s s]lx x'bF g} Ú–Ps k'j{ GofofwLzn] eg] .o;sf] ljZj;lgotf / ul/dfnfO{ ;d]t hf]ufpg Gofofkl/ifb\n] s]lx dlxgf cl3 k/]sf ph'/L dfq} 5fgljg u/L GofofwLz lgo'lQmsf nflu ;xhtf ckgfpg' k5{ . oltv]/ sfg'g Aoj;foL, ;/sf/L jlsn, k'j{ GofofwLzx?, lhNnf GofofwLzx? / ljleGg If]qsf AolQmx?n] pRr cbfntdf lgo'lQmsf nflu a}olQms ljj/0f k]z u/]sf 5g\ . a}olQms ljj/0f k]z ug{]x?af6} Psn] csf{]nfO{ 5bd gfdaf6 ph'/L lbg] u/]sf 5g\ . emu8fn'x? dWo] Ps kIfn] xfg{] / Ps kIfn] lhTg] cjZo x'G5 . To:tf] cj:yfdf xfg{] kIfx?af6 cg]sy/L nf~5gf nufpFb} kl/ifb\df ph'/L lbg] u/]sf] kfO{Psf] 5 . s]lx cbfntsf sd{rf/Lx?n] ;d]t GofofwLzx?n] cbfnt leqsf] e|i6frf/ /f]Sg u/]sf sbdx? lj?4 lrQ ga'em]sf sf/0f ph'/L lbPsf 5g\ .

Techno ;+;f/ nf]s yfkf lokthapa050@gmail.com

$ lhaL of{d ePsf] :df6{kmf]g ;b'k' of]u ul/ lasf;nfO{ ;Gt''lnt tyf bL3{sflng agfpg] / clxn]sf] k':' tfn] kfP ;/xsf] aftfa/0fsf] lg/Gt/tf cfpg] k':' tfn] kfpg'k' 5{ eGg]cjwf/0ffsf ;fy sfd ug]{ ePsf]n] o:tf] lasf;tkm{ xfd|f] Wofgfsif{0f x'g' cltg} cfjZos 5 . aftfa/0fLo sfg'g' x?sf] k|efjsfl/tfsf] nflu :yfgLo:t/df ;+3;+:yf, gfu/Ls ;dfh tyf AolQm laz]if ;a}sf] ;lqmotf / of]ubfg lgs} cfaZos 5 .aftfa/0f ;DalGw hgr]tgf a[l4 ug{ /]l8of], 6] l nlehg k| ; f/0f, 8s' ' d ] G 6/L ,kqklqsf,o''jf kl/rfng tyf laleGg ;+3 ;+:yfx? ;Fusf] ;xsfo{n] 7''nf] e''ldsf v]Ng] ub{5 . log} s''/fx?nfO{ Wofgdf /fv]/ ;+l3o dfldnf tyf :yfgLo lasf; dGqfnosf] aftfa/0f Aoa:yfkg zfvfn] DFID ;xof]u_ aftfa/0fd}qL :yfgLo zf;g sfo{qmd sfof{Gjogdf NofPsf] 5. jftfj/0fd}qL :yfgLo zf;g sfo{qmd sf]zL tyf u08sL hnfwf/ If]qsf !$ lhNnfdf kg]{ %$ j6fgu/kflnsfx¿ -;'¿df ## j6f_ / ^) uf=lj=;=df jftfj/0fd}qL :yfgLo zf;g k|f¿k, @)&) nfO{sfof{Gjog ug]{ p¢]Zon] cfly{s aif{ @)&!÷)&@ af6 of] sfo{qmd sfof{Gjogdf cfPsf] 5 .

aftfa/0fd}qL :yfgLo zf;g sfo{qmd ;+ r fng ePsf:yfgLolgsfox?df kmf]xf/d}nf Aoa:yfkg, hnjfo'' kl/jt{g cg''s'ng,ljkb Aoa:yfkg tyf jftfj/0f ;+/If0fsflzif{sx? leq /x]/ sfo{qmdx? ;+rfng eO/x]sf 5g\ . :yfgLo txdf aftfa/0f ;DalGw hgr]tgf Nofpg cled''lvs/0f sfo{qmd ;+rfng eO/x]sf / x''g] qmddf 5g\ . sfE|f]knfGrf]s lhNnfsf] kfFr j6f

gu/kflnsfdf -ag]kf, w''lnv]n, kgf}tL ,bfKrf sfzLv08 tyf kfFrvfn_ cf=j= )&@.)&# b]lv ;+rfngdf /x]sf] o; sfo{qmdn] aftfa/0f ;+/If0fdf 6]jf k''/ofPsf] 5 . o;} sfoqmd cGtu{t ag]kf, w''lnv]n, kgf}tL gu/kflnsfdf aftfa/0f d}qL kf]v/L lgdf{0f, xl/ofnL kfs{ lgdf{0f,vfg]kfgLsf] ;|f]tx?sf] ;+/If0f, kmf]xf]/ d}nf Aoa:yfkg, ljkb Aoa:yfkg cflbsfo{qmdx? ;+rfng eO/x]sf 5g\ . xfjf,kfgL,df6f]nfO{ hf]ufpgsf] nflu o; sfo{qmdn] kSs} klg ljZj;lgo e''ldsf v]Ng]5 EfGg] xfdLn] ck]Iff u/]sf 5f} .-aftfa/0fla1_ jftfa/0fd}qL :yfgLo zf;g sfo{qmd -ag]kf, w''lnv]n, kgf}tL gu/kflnsf_

dfOqmf]DofS; df]afOnsf] cflwsfl/s laqm]tf kz'klt 6«]8lnÍn] $ lhaL of{d ePsf] o" o"lgsg{ df]afOn g]kfnL ahf/df ;fj{hlgs u/]sf] 5 . %=% OGrsf] cfOlkP; Pnl;8L l8:Kn] /x]sf] o; :df6{kmf]gdf x]lnof] kL!) k|f];];/sf] k|of]u ul/Psf] 5 . $ lhaL of{d /x]sf] o; df]8ndf #@ lhaL cfGtl/s d]df]/L /x]sf] 5 h;nfO{ dfOqmf] P;8L sf8{sf] k|of]u ul/ @%^ lhaL ;Dd d]df]/L yk ug{ ;lsG5 . k5fl8 !# d]uflkS;]n Sofd]/f /x]sf] pQm l8efO;df ;]NkmL k|]dLx¿sf nflu % d]uflkS;]nsf] ;]NkmL Sofd]/f /x]sf] 5 . o;sf cnfjf o" o"lgsg{ PG8«f]O8 nlnkk ck/]l6ª l;:6ddf rN5 . :df6{kmf]gdf $))) PdPPrsf] zlQmzfnL Jof6«L /x]sf] 5 . ANofs k|mfO8] l8n cGtu{t O–sd;{ ;fO6 …s]Do" 86 sdÚdf of] df]afOn vl/b ubf{ @$ ;o ¿k}ofFsf] 5'6 ;lxt @$ xhf/ % ;o ¿k}ofdf kfOg]5 eg] o;sf] vl/bdf ^ xhf/ # ;o kg]{ a|e]g !)% :kLs/ l;Q}df kfpg ;lsg]5 .

>f]tdf kx'“r vf]Hb} :yfgLo gful/s w'lnv]n÷:yfgLo gful/sx?sf] >f]tdf kx'Frsf nflu lhNnf :t/Lo gful/s ;'g'jfO{ sfo{qmd cfof]hgf ul/Psf] 5 . hfu/0f g]kfnsf] cfof]hgfdf ;DkGg sfo{qmddf lzIff, :jf:Yo, s[lif / 3/]n' sfof{non] k|bfg u/]sf] ;]jfsf af/]df gful/sx?nfO{ hfgsf/L u/fO{Psf] lyof] . sfo{qmddf ;xfos lhNnf lzIff clwsf/L ldq sfkm\n]n] lzIff sfof{non] gful/sx?sf] ;]jfsf nflu k|bfg u/]sf] sfo{sf af/]sf hfgsf/L u/fPsf lyP . sfkm\n]n] lhNnfdf $ ;o (^ j6f afn ljsf; s]Gb|, ljZjljBfno !, @! j6f SofDk;, ;fd'bflos cWoog s]Gb| #$, u'Djf @%, n]vfhf]vf s]Gb| !, ljz]ifvfnsf afnaflnsfx?sf nflu ;dflxt lzIff s]Gb| ! dfkm{t lzIffnfO{ ;a}sf] kx'Frdf k'¥ofpg] sfo{ eO{/x]sf] atfP . ^ ;o (! ljBfno dWo] ! ;o $ j6f gLlh / % ;o *& j6f ;fd'bflos ljBfnodf $) eGbf w]/}

xflb{s awfO{

ljBfnodf z'Go ljBfyL{ /x]sf] eP klg ljBfno Plss/0f ug{ g;lsPsf] pgn] atfP . ljBfyL{ ePsf ljBfnodf klg k|fylds txdf $% hgf ljBfyL{ a/fa/ Ps lzIfs x'g' kg{]df b/jGbL ldnfg ug{ g;lsPsfn] !% a/fa/ Ps lzIfs /x]sf] pgn] atfP . b/jGbL ldnfgsf] sfo{ nfdf] ;do b]lv /f]lsPsfn] u|fld0f e]udf ljBfyL{ eP klg lzIfs gePsf], ;fd'bflos ljBfnox?nfO{ lzIfsx?n] g} cljZjf; u/L cfkm\gf 5f]/f5f]/L gLlh ljBfnodf k9fPsf] eGb} ;xeflux?n] u'gf;f] u/]sf lyP . rfn' jif{df lzIff sfof{non] &@ j6f ljBfnodf lj1fg, c+u|]hL / u0fLt ljifosf] k|of]uzfnf lgdf{0f ug{ ! s/f]8 * nfv ?k}of k|fKt ePsf] / ^) j6f k':tsfno lgdf{0fsf nflu # s/f]8 () nfv ?k}of /sd k|fKt ePsf] pgn] atfP . e'sDk kl5 ljBfno k'g{lgdf{0f x'g g;Sbf ljBfyL{x?n] v'Nnf cfsfz d'gL cWoog ug{' k/]sf],

lzIfsx?sf] cg'zf;g lju|b} uPsf], cg'zf;g gx'Fbf ;fd'bflos ljBfnosf] u'0f:t/ v:sFb} uPsf] eGb} cleefjsx?n] ;r]t x'g cfu|x u/]sf lyP . To:t} :jf:Yo sfof{nosf cg'udg tyf d'NofÍsg zfvfsf k|d'v g]q Gof}kfg]n] :jf:Yo sfof{non] k|bfg u/]sf cfwf/e't ;]jfsf af/]df hfgsf/L u/fPsf lyP . ;xeflux?n] vf]k kof{Kt gkfPsf], cf}ifwL gePsf], lbp;f] @ ah] kl5 :jf:Yo rf}sLsf sd{rf/Lx?n] ;]jf glbPsf] u'gf;f] u/]sf lyP . lhNnf s[lif sfof{nosf k|;f/ clws[t s[i0f lwtfnn] s[lif sfof{non] ljt/0f ug{] cg'bfgsf cf}hf/ tyf ljpsf af/]df hfgsf/L u/fpFb} k|fljlws ;xof]usf nflu lbg] ;]jfsf af/]df hfgsf/L u/fPsf lyP . ;xeflux?n] cf}hf/ ljt/0fdf wfFwnL ePsf], s[lif sfof{nosf sd{rf/Lx?sf] Aojxf/ ?vf] ePsf], ljp /

lj?jf u'0f:t/ gePsf] eGb} u'gf;f] u/]sf lyP . cg'udgsf nflu kof{Kt sd{rf/L gx'Fbf cg'bfgsf ;fdfu|Lx?sf] b'?kof]u ePsf] eGb} plgx?n] u'gf;f] u/]sf lyP . 3/]n' tyf ;fgf pBf]u sfof{nosf n]vf clws[t dbgaxfb'/ >]i7n] pBf]u btf{, C0f nufgL, gljs/0f / tflndsf af/]df hfgsf/L u/fPsf lyP . hfu/0f g]kfnsf lhNnf sfo{qmd ;+of]hs e]if/fh bg'jf/sf] ;efkltTj tyf ;+rf/sdL{ df]lt/fd ltdlN;gfsf] ;xhLs/0fdf ;DkGg sfo{qmddf g]kfnL sf+u|+];sf ch{'g ;fksf]6f, g]skf Pdfn]sf xl/z/0f bfxfn, g]skf dfcf]jfbL s]Gb|sf l/tf 9sfn, /fk|kfsf /fh]Gb| s];L, cGt/kf6L{ dlxnf ;~hfnsf uf]df e't{]n, dlxnf g]t[x? ljdnf zdf{, lutf a~hf/f, /fddfof >]i7, ld/f s];L, clDasf 7s'/L, gflgd}of nfdf, ;Demgf uf}td, ;fljqL nfld5fg], ;Demgf cof{n, ozf]bf sfsL{ nufotn] lh1f;f /fv]sf lyP .

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jif{ @# c+s ^ @)&# d+;L/ !^ ut] ljxLjf/

xfd|f b]zsf g]tfx¿ hob]z >]i7 ;'Gb/ b]zsf] ;'Gb/tfnfO{ xfdLn] hf]ufpg ;s]gf} . cfkm"n] u/]sf] kmf]x/nfO{ c¿n] ;kmf u/f];\ eGg] ;f]rn] xfdL lhDd]jf/ ePgf} To;}n] hxfFtxL kmf]x/sf] y'k|f]n] ubf{ xfd|f] b]z k|fs[lts ?kn] s'?k x'bF } uPsf] 5 . cfh xfdL g]kfnL jftfj/0f k|bi' f0f ;Fu} larf/ ;f]rdf klg k|bi' f0f x'g yfn]sf] 5 . g]kfn :jtGq ;fj{ef}d ;Qf b]z xf] . 5f]6f] ;dodf /fh;Qf b]vL cg]sf} k6s /fhg}lts Joj:yf kl/jt{g eof] . ;a} 7'nf /fli6«o kf6L{x¿n] kfn}kfnf] ;/sf/ rnfP . g b]z kl/jt{g eof] g t zf;g Joj:yf g} Û lsg hsl8Psf] 5 ei6«frf/ Û cGofo, cTofrf/, zf]if0faf6 lsg hgtfx?n] pGd'lQm kfpg ;s]sf 5}g < xfdL g]kfnL c? dfly l5§} ljZjf; ug]{ eP/ ljZjf;sf] e/df cfh b]zsf] bolgo cj:yfdf klg xfdL d'sbz{s eP/ h'g;'s} sl7gfO{ ;d:ofx?nfO{ cfTd;fy ub]{ ef]Ub} cfPsf 5f}+ . lsg xfdL c¿df bf]if b]V5f}+ < bf]ifLx? xfdLnfO{ g} bf]ifsf] eflubf/ agfP/ xfdL dfly zf]if0f ul//x]sf 5g\ . ;fgf] b]zsf] ;fgf] ;fgf] ;d:ofx?nfO{ klg xn ug{ g;s]/ agfPsf] ;+ljwfgnfO{ yftL /fv]/ ljb]zLsf] O;f/fdf g]tfx¿ h'xf/L v]Nb}5g\ . cflv/ lsg / s;sf] nfuL ;+ljwfg agfPsf xf] < oxfF lht s;sf] / xf/ s;sf] x'g] xf] < ;+ljwfg agfpg r'lgPsf ;ef;bx? ;+ljwfgnfO{ sfof{Gjog ug{ ;ssf 5}gg\ eg] tna eQf ;'ljwf a9fpg' sltsf] hfoh xf] <

xfdL hgtfx?n] k|Zg ug{ kfpg' k5{ . ;ef;bsf] sfo{ cjlw slt xf] < bfloTj / st{Ao s] xf] < b]zsf] nfuL s] u¥of] < b]z / hgtfx?nfO{ e'd/L kf/]/ ;dosf] ajf{bLdf Toqf] ;do b]z ljsf; kydf /f]Sg'sf] lhDd]jf/L s;n] lng] < caf}{ ?lkofF vr{ u/]/ /fi6« / hgtfsf] rfxgf cg'¿k 7'nf] of]ubfgaf6 ;+ljwfg ;efsf] lgjf{rg u/L cGt/fli6«o hutn] ;d]t rf;f] lbPsf] ;+ljwfg ;efsf] r'gfjaf6 ;dodf ;+ljwfg agfpg g;Sg' / xtf/df lajfbf:kb ;+ljwfgnfO{ klg s'g} of]hgfsf ;fy 6'Ëf]df k'¥ofP/ nfu' ug{ g;Sg' g]tfx¿sf] gfnfoskg / b]zsf] b'ef{Uo xf] . g]tfx¿k|lt hgtfx?sf] ljZjf;, e/f];f x'g' kb{5 . ;8s b'36{ gf sdn yfkfn] dfgjLo bfloTjn] ;]jf ;xof]u ubf{ g]tfx¿df lbn /x]5 eg]/ crDd dfGb5 / sf]xLn] b]vfj6L gf6s eGb5 eg] of] s:tf] ;f]r Û xfd|f g]tfx¿ g/fd|f xf]Ogg\, oxfF sfd ug]{ kl/kf6L / jftfj/0f ePg . ha b]z l;i6ddf rN5, /fhg}lts ;xdlt eGg] zAb g} x/fP/ hfG5 . g]tfx¿df nf]e nfnr, afF8Lr'8L, lvrftfgL ug]{ cj;/ kfpg] 5}g . s'g} klg b]zsf] zf;g ;+rfnsx?nfO{ ;]jf ;'ljwf pknAw u/fpg' /fi6«sf] bfloTj xf] . lhDd]jf/ JolQmx¿nfO{ /fli6«o 9's6' Laf6 ;]jf ;'ljwf pkef]u u/]sf]df hgtfx?sf] 6fpsf] b'vfO{ 5}g t/ b]z lxtsf] sfo{df dfvf] gdf/L 9's6' L l/Tofpg]x?sf] k|z;+ f sbflk ug{ ;lsb}g . b]z agfpg lhDd]jf/L af]ss ] f ;ef;bx? cfh cfˆgf] ;]jf ;'ljwf a9fpg Psh'6 ePsf] b]Vbf nfU5, b]zsf] dfof eGbf cfˆgf] :jfy{df lnKt 5g\ ;ef;bx? Û /fli6«o ;jfndf eg] lsg Ps x'g ;Sb}g < b]zdf snsf/vfgfx? aGb 5, cf}wf]lus, Jofkf/ Joj;fo, s[lif, ko{6g cflbdf w/f;oL x'bF } uPsf] oyfy{n] g]kfnL hgtfx?nfO{ sfd u/L vfg] jftfj/0f 5}g .

efjk"0f{ >4f~hnL hGd M !((*.!!.!%

:juf{/f]x0f M @)&#.*.!$

efjk"0f{ >4f~hnL

b]zsf] /fHo ;+rfns ;ef;b\ dGqLx?nfO{ uf8L, aËnf tna ;]jf ;'ljwf cf}ifwL pkrf/ cfbL /fi6«n] Aoxf]g{' 7'nf] s'/f xf]Og, 7'nf] s'/f tL r'lgPsf g]tfaf6 /fli6«o lxtdf sfd x'g g;Sg' xf] lbgx'F a9\b} uPsf] j}bl] zs /f]huf/Lsf] ofqfdf b]zsf] ;Rrf, sd{7 of]Uo gful/sx¿ la:yflkt x'b5 } g\ . of] b'vb\ kl/l:yltnfO{ ;dodf g} /f]Sg ;lsPg eg] xfdL dfq x}g xfd|f] w]/} k':tfx? b'Mvdf afFRg' kg]5 { cGttM b]z / /fli6«otf hf]lvddf kg]5 { . b]zsf] /fHo ;+rfns ;ef;b\ dGqLx?nfO{ uf8L, aËnf tna ;]jf ;'ljwf cf}ifwL pkrf/ cfbL /fi6«n] Aoxf]g'{ 7'nf] s'/f xf]Og, 7'nf] s'/f tL r'lgPsf g]tfaf6 /fli6«o lxtdf sfd x'g g;Sg' xf] . cfh hgtfx¿;Fu ePsf] k'hF LnfO{ pBf]uwGbf cfly{s pTkfbg If]qdf nufpg g;Sg' 7'nf] la8Dagf xf] . h'g b]zdf gful/sx¿n] :jtGq eP/ cfˆgf] cfo–cfh{gsf] sfddf lgw{Ss eP/ ug{ ;Sb}g . hgtfsf] k};f 8lDkª\ eP/ a:b5, ;dosf] ajf{bL x'G5 . b]zdf cfly{s k|ult x'g ;Sb}g of] b'ef{Uo ;a} eGbf b'MvbfoL xf] . Pp6f Jofkf/L cfˆgf] Joj;fo aGb u/]/ b}lgs df;' eft vfP/ a:5 . clg Jofkfl/s lx;fan] ;f]R5 p;nfO{ lgs} kmfObf ePsf] 5 . olb p;n] Jofkf/ Joj;fo rnfpb} cfPdf p;sf] Joj;fo aGb x'g] lglZrt 5 . lsgeg]

Joj;fo ug]{ jftfj/0f 5}g . p;sf] nufgL 8'Ag] 5 t/ p;sf] b}lgs vr{n] dfq ;f/f ;DklQ 8'Ag] 5}g . o;/L Pp6f sd{7 Jofkf/L r'k nfP/ a:g] lbg cfpg ;S5 eg] of] b]z cGwsf/do aGg]5 Û ;dodf g} ;r]t x'g ;sf} . g]tfx¿sf] lj/f]w xf]Og xf]l;of/Ldf cfjfh p7fpg' k5{ . hn>f]tsf] wgL b]z nf]8;]l8ªsf] df/df aiff}{ latfof}, cfh sld;gvf]/sf] k~hfn] nf]8;]l8ª ePsf] kbf{ v'Nof] t/ s'g} JolQm dfly sfjf{xL x'Fb}g eg] of] s:tf] b]z < xfdL jL/ uf]vf{nL xf} Û xfdLdf /fi6« / /fli6«otf dfly uj{ 5 . xfdLnfO{ s;}n] o'4 u/]/ lhTg ;Sb}g t/ xfdL xfb}{5f} . s;}n] o'4 u/]/ lhTg' kb}{g b]z Û cfh nDk;f/ k/]/ g]tfx¿ l5d]sL b]z ;Fu em'Sg k'U5g\ . xfd|f] Oltxf;, wd{ ;+:s[tL, rf8 kj{, l/ltl/jfh cflbdf l5Gg leGg agfP/ xfd|f] cl:tTj nf]k u/fP/ xfdLnfO{ cl:tTj lalxg agfpb} 5g\ . xfdL;Fu cfˆgf] eGg] g} s]xL x'b}g eg] xfdL / xfd|f] eGg] s'/f g} s] x'G5 / Û clg xfdL s] x'G5f} < ;fFuf sfe|] jaya_desh67@yahoo.com

efjk"0f{ >4f~hnL hGd M @))^ df3

:j= ls;nfn dfgGw/

:juf{/f]x0f M @)&# d+;L/ !!

:j= l6sfk|;fb x'dfufO{

g]skf Pdfn]sf ufpF kf6L ;+ul7t ;b:o lji0f' dfgGw/ / ;b:ox? k"0f{ / ;'Gb/sfhL dfgGw/sf] k"hgLo lktf ls;nfn dfgGw/sf] lgwg ePsf]n] d[tsk|lt efjk"0f{ >4f~hnL ck{0f ub}{ zf]s;GtKt kl/jf/hgk|lt xflb{s ;dj]bgf k|s6 ub{5f}+ .

o; ljBfnosf k|wfgfWofks s]zj x'dfufO{sf cfb/0fLo bfh' l6sfk|;fb x'dfufOs { f] c;fdlos lgwg ePsf]n] d[tsk|lt efjk"0f{ >4f~hnL ck{0f ub}{ zf]s;GtKt kl/jf/hgk|lt xflb{s ;dj]bgf k|s6 ub{5f}+ .

/fdk|;fb -z/0f_ bfxfn, cWoIf tyf

df]xgk|;fb ahufO{ lj=Jo=;=cWoIf

g]skf Pdfn] pu|r08L gfnf ufp“ sld6L kl/jf/, pu|r08L, sfe|]

efjk"0f{ >4f~hnL hGd M @)!@.^.@!

o; ;+:yfsf z]o/ ;b:o s'nk|;fb ;fksf]6fsf] lgwg ePsf]n] d[tsk|lt efjk"0f{ >4f~hnL ck{0f ub}{ zf]s;GtKt kl/jf/hgk|lt xflb{s ;dj]bgf k|s6 ub{5f}+ .

rt'e'{h ltdlN;gf cWoIf tyf

;]tLb]jL b'Uw pTkfbs ;xsf/L ;+:yf ln= kl/jf/, /ljcf]kL, sfe|]

efjk"0f{ >4f~hnL hGd M !(&^.!).^

km'Nrf]sL lg=df=lj= kl/jf/ s'zfb]jL–^, sfe|]

g]skf Pdfn]sf ufpF kf6L ;+ul7t ;b:ox? nId0f bfxfn / z'elrGtsx? zDe'k|;fb, rf]dgfy -/fds[i0f_, n]vgfy / bz/y bfxfnsf ddtfdoL dftf s'ns'df/L bfxfnsf] lgwg ePsf]n] d[tsk|lt efjk"0f{ >4f~hnL ck{0f ub}{ zf]s;GtKt kl/jf/hgk|lt xflb{s ;dj]bgf k|s6 ub{5f}+ .

:j= ls;nfn dfgGw/

o; ;xsf/L ;+:yf ln=sf sf]iffWoIf k"0f{nfn dfgGw/sf] k"hgLo lktf ls;nfn dfgGw/sf] lgwg ePsf]n] d[tsk|lt efjk"0f{ >4f~hnL ck{0f ub}{ zf]s;GtKt kl/jf/hgk|lt xflb{s ;dj]bgf k|s6 ub{5f}+ . xl/uf]kfn >]i7 cWoIf tyf

eujtL art tyf C0f ;xsf/L ;+:yf ln= kl/jf/, pu|r08L gfnf @ sfe|]

efjk"0f{ >4f~hnL hGd M !(*$

:juf{/f]x0f M @)&#.&.@*

:j= 6]saxfb'/ v8\sf g]skf Pdfn]sf z'elrGtsx? OGb|axfb'/, lx/faxfb'/, s[i0faxfb'/, /Tgaxfb'/ / l/hgaxfb'/sf k"hgLo lktf 6]saxfb'/ v8\sfsf] lgwg ePsf]n] d[tsk|lt efjk"0f{ >4f~hnL ck{0f ub}{ zf]s;GtKt kl/jf/hgk|lt xflb{s ;dj]bgf k|s6 ub{5f}+ .

>Lw/ s'Os]n cWoIf tyf

g]skf Pdfn] kgf}tL gu/ ! g+= j8f sld6L kl/jf/, kgf}tL–!, sfe|]

efjk"0f{ >4f~hnL :juf{/f]x0f M @)&# d+;L/ !!

:j= l6sfk|;fb x'dfufO{ g]skf Pdfn] s'zfb]jL ufpF sld6Lsf ;lrj s]zj x'dfufO{sf cfb/0fLo bfh' tyf ;+ul7t ;b:ox? e'jg / hLjg x'dfufO{sf] k"hgLo lktf l6sfk|;fb x'dfufOs { f] c;fdlos lgwg ePsf]n] d[tsk|lt efjk"0f{ >4f~hnL ck{0f ub}{ zf]s;GtKt kl/jf/hgk|lt xflb{s ;dj]bgf k|s6 ub{5f}+ .

efjk"0f{ >4f~hnL

p4j yfkf cWoIf

g]skf Pdfn] s'zfb]jL ufp“ sld6L kl/jf/, s'zfb]jL, sfe|] hGd M @)!@.^.@!

:juf{/f]x0f M @)&#.&.(

:j= s'nk|;fb ;fksf]6f o; ;+:yfsf z]o/ ;b:o s'nk|;fb ;fksf]6fsf] lgwg ePsf]n] d[tsk|lt efjk"0f{ >4f~hnL ck{0f ub}{ zf]s;GtKt kl/jf/hgk|lt xflb{s ;dj]bgf k|s6 ub{5f}+ .

efjk"0f{ >4f~hnL

;fw'/fd bfxfn cWoIf tyf

;d[l4 art tyf C0f ;xsf/L ;+:yf ln= kl/jf/, ag]kf–!, 3f]s]rf}/, sfe|]

efjk"0f{ >4f~hnL

:juf{/f]x0f M @)&#.*.$

:j= s'ns'df/L bfxfn

:juf{/f]x0f M @)&#.*.!$

hGd M @))^ df3

:juf{/f]x0f M @)&#.&.(

:j= s'nk|;fb ;fksf]6f

hGd M !((*.!!.!%

hGd M @)@*

:juf{/f]x0f M @)&#.*.&

:j= w'j{k|;fb x'dfufO{

/fdk|;fb -z/0f_ bfxfn, cWoIf tyf

s'zfb]jL :jf:Yo rf}sL tyf :jf:Yo ;+:yf Joj:yfkg ;ldltsf ;b:o w'j{k|;fb x'dfufOs { f] cNkfo"d} csNkgLo c;fdlos lgwg ePsf]n] d[tsk|lt efjk"0f{ >4f~hnL ck{0f ub}{ zf]s;GtKt kl/jf/hgk|lt xflb{s ;dj]bgf k|s6 ub{5f}+ .

g]skf Pdfn] pu|r08L gfnf ufp“ sld6L kl/jf/, pu|r08L, sfe|]

s'zfb]jL :jf:Yo rf}sL tyf :jf:Yo ;+:yf Joj:yfkg ;ldlt, s'zfb]jL, sfe|]

hGd M @)@*

:juf{/f]x0f M @)&#.*.&

:j= w'j{k|;fb x'dfufO{

d]/f cfb/0fLo Pj+ cfTdLo bfh' tyf s'zfb]jL ;fsf];sf cWoIf, ;dfh;]jL w'j{k|;fb x'dfufOs { f] cNkfo"d} csNkgLo c;fdlos lgwg ePsf]n] d[tsk|lt efjk"0f{ >4f~hnL ck{0f ub}{ zf]s;GtKt kl/jf/hgk|lt xflb{s ;dj]bgf k|s6 ub{5f}+ .

/fh]z nfdf k"j{ sf]iffWoIf

s'zfb]jL ;fsf]; s'zfb]jL–&, sfe|] xfn M cd]l/sf


&

r]i6f ;fKtflxs

jif{ @# c+s ^ @)&# d+;L/ !^ ut] ljxLjf/

xflb{s awfO{

xflb{s awfO{

c/lgsf] oftfoft ;j]f ;ldltsf kj"{ ;xsfi]ffWoIf Pj+ sfe]| lgjfr { g Ifq] g=+ # sf dfggLo ;f;+b sGrgrGb| jfb] Ho" gk]fn ;/sf/sf] pBfu] /fHodGqLdf lgoQ ' m xg'e'Psfd]f xflbs { awfO{ 1fkg ub}{ sfos { fn ;kmntfsf] ze'sfdgf JoQm ub5 { f+} .

/f6]/L Sna ckm sfe]| agk]fsf et'kj"{ cWoIf Pj+ sfe]| Ifq] g=+ # sf dfggLo ;f;+b sGrgrGb| jfb] Ho" gk]fn ;/sf/sf] pBfu] /fHodGqLdf lgoQ ' m xg'e'Psfd]f xflbs { awfO{ 1fkg ub}{ sfos { fn ;kmntfsf] ze'sfdgf JoQm ub5 { f+} .

Zofd nfdf

u|f]a]g tf}hn]

cWoIf tyf

cWoIf tyf

c/lgsf] oftfoft ;]jf ;ldlt kl/jf/, nf]sGynL, sfe|]

/f]6/L Sna ckm sfe|] ag]kf kl/jf/, sfe|]

xflb{s awfO{ tyf z'esfdgf

o; ;xsf/L ;:+yf ln=sf cWoIf /z ] dnfn gk]fnL lhNnf ;xsf/L ;3 + ln=, sfes |] f] #% cf+} jflifs { ;fwf/0f ;efaf6 ;r + fns ;ldltsf] ;b:o kbdf tyf cWoIfdf ljgfb ] k/fhn ' L, pkfWoIfdf /fdrGb| e§/fO,{ ;lrjdf lblnk zdf,{ sfi]ffWoIfdf /fdsi[0f clwsf/L Pj+ ;b:ox?df /fhg zfSo, 7fs/'gfy clwsf/L, gf/fo0f k; | fb nD;fn, obg ' fy xd ' fufO,{ l8NnLk; | fb sO's { n ] , /0faxfb/' vgfn, dlxnf ;r + fns ;b:ox?df lxdfnL >i]7, sdnf clwsf/L, /flwsf l3ld/,] sljtf tfdfª, bu ' f{ ;Tofn, nv ] f tyf ;k'l/jI]f0f ;ldltsf] ;o+fh ] sdf kd |] axfb/' eh ' n ] tyf ;b:ox?df gj/fh et ' n {] / dfwjk; | fb gk]fn lgjfl{rt xg'e'Psfd]f xflbs { awfO{ 1fkg ub}{ sfos { fn ;kmntfsf] ze'sfdgf JoQm ub5 { f+}

/fdb]jL >]i7 pkfWoIf lj/rGb| >]i7 ;b:o

/fhg >]i7 ;lrj ledb]jL >]i7 ;b:o

/fhf/fd bfxfn n]vf ;ldlt ;b:o

gj/fh >]i7 sf]iffWoIf lji0f' k|= ahufO{ ;b:o

gj/fh e08f/L n]vf ;ldlt ;b:o

>Ls[i0f k|hfklt ;b:o

l;l4axfb'/ sdf{rfo{ ;Nnfxsf/

s[i0fs'df/ >]i7 ;x;lrj /fh' ahufO{ ;b:o s]kL bfxfn ;Nnfxsf/

ch{'gsfhL >]i7 ;xsf]iffWoIf u+ufnfn >]i7 n]vf ;ldlt ;+of]hs xl/z/0f bfxfn sfg'gL ;Nnfxsf/

l;8 g]kfn ax'p2]ZoLo ;xsf/L ;+:yf ln= kl/jf/ gfnf–$, sfe|]


*

r]i6f ;fKtflxs

;+zf]wg======

cWoIf l3dL/] / o'jf ;+3 cWoIf clvn cWoIf nfdfn] ca ;a} ljBfyL{ ;8sdf plqg] atfOg\ . /fi6«3ftsf] gofF >[+vnf z'? ePsfn] ca /fli6«o :jfwLgtfsf] cfGbf]ng rsf{pg] atfP . d;fn Pdfn] kf6L{ sfof{no ag]kfaf6 z'? eO{ rf/bf]af6f]df k'uL sf]0f ;efdf kl/0ft ePsf] lyof] . cfh} b]lv ljBfyL{ / o'jfx?n] ;8s cfGbf]ng rsf{pg] 3f]if0ff u/]sf 5g\ .

jif{ @# c+s ^ @)&# d+;L/ !^ ut] ljxLjf/

xflb{s awfO{

xflb{s awfO{

l;8 gk]fn axp'2Z]oLo ;xsf/L ;:+yf ln=sf cWoIf /z ] d gk]fnL lhNnf ;xsf/L ;3 + ln=, sfes |] f] #% cf+} jflifs { ;fwf/0f ;efaf6 ;b:o kbdf lgjfl{rt xg'e'Psfd]f xflbs { awfO{ 1fkg ub}{ sfos { fn ;kmntfsf] ze'sfdgf JoQm ub5 { f+} .

l;8 gk]fn axp'2Z]oLo ;xsf/L ;:+yf ln=sf cWoIf /z ] d gk]fnL lhNnf ;xsf/L ;3 + ln=, sfes |] f] #% cf+} jflifs { ;fwf/0f ;efaf6 ;b:o kbdf lgjfl{rt xg'e'Psfd]f xflbs { awfO{ 1fkg ub}{ sfos { fn ;kmntfsf] ze'sfdgf JoQm ub5 { f+} .

sd ' f/ /Dtn ] cWoIf

/z ] d du + f|lt, ;r+fns

xflb{s awfO{ ljgf]b k/fh'nL

/fdrGb| e§/fO{

/fds[i0f clwsf/L

lblnk zdf{

b'uf{ ;Tofn

o; ;h + fnsf ;r + fns ;b:o Pj+ ;h + fndf cfa4 ;b:o ;:+yf zv + Z]j/L gf/L rt]gf ;fsf;]sL pkfWoIf bu ' f{ ;Tofn lhNnf ;xsf/L ;3 + ln=, sfes |] f] #% cf+} jflifs { ;fwf/0f ;efaf6 ;r + fns ;ldltsf] ;b:o kbdf tyf cWoIfdf ljgfb ] k/fhn ' L, pkfWoIfdf /fdrGb| e§/fO,{ ;lrjdf lblnk zdf,{ sfi]ffWoIfdf /fdsi[0f clwsf/L Pj+ ;b:ox?df /fhg zfSo, 7fs/'gfy clwsf/L, gf/fo0f k; | fb nD;fn, /z ] dnfn gk]fnL, obg ' fy xd ' fufO,{ l8NnLk; | fb sO's { n ] , /0faxfb/' vgfn, dlxnf ;r + fns ;b:ox?df lxdfnL >i]7, sdnf clwsf/L, /flwsf l3ld/,] sljtf tfdfª, nv ] f tyf ;k'l/jI]f0f ;ldltsf] ;o+fh ] sdf kd |] axfb/' eh ' n ] tyf ;b:ox?df gj/fh et ' {n ] / dfwjk; | fb gk]fn lgjfl{rt xg'e'Psfd]f xflbs { awfO{ 1fkg ub}{ sfos { fn ;kmntfsf] ze'sfdgf JoQm ub5 { f+} .

ljZjf; / sfd gk]fn kl/jf/

REMESH

agk]f–!, sfe]|

gfnf–$, sfe]|

xflb{s awfO{

xflb{s awfO{

bfdfb ] / cfrfo{ lzjk; | fb cfrfo{ cWoIf pkfWoIf zv + ' pkTosf sl[if tyf ;xsf/L ;h + fn kl/jf/ zv + k'f6Lrf/}, sfe]|

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xfdf| cfb/0fLo bfh' lblnk zdf{ lhNnf ;xsf/L ;3 + ln=, sfes |] f] #% cf+} jflifs { ;fwf/0f ;efaf6 ul/dfdo ;lrj kbdf lgjfl{rt xg'e'Psfd]f xflbs { awfO{ 1fkg ub}{ sfos { fn ;kmntfsf] ze'sfdgf JoQm ub5 { f+} .

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o; cf=a=@)&#.&$ sf] lhNnf ;xsf/L ;+3 ln= sfe|]sf] #% cf} aflif{s ;fwf/0f ;efaf6 o; ;xsf/L ;+:yfsf cWoIf >L dfwj k|;fb g]kfn n]vf ;ldlt ;b:o kbdf / o; ;+:yfsf z]=;=g+= !)* sf z]o/ ;b:o >L 7fs'/gfy clwsf/L ;+rfns ;ldlt kbdf lgjf{lrt x'g' ePsf]df xflb{s awfO{ tyf ;kmn sfo{sfnsf] z'esfdgf JoQm ub{5f} . s]zj k|;fb sfkm\n] pkfWoIf

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Pj+ k|ultlzn jx'p2]ZoLo ;xsf/L ;+rfns kl/jf/, kf“rvfn, sfe|]

lhNnf ;xsf/L ;3 + ln= sfes |] f] #% cf+} ;fwf/0f ;efaf6 ljgfb ] k/fhn ' L ul/dfdo cWoIf kbdf lgjfl{rt xg'e'Psfd]f xflbs { awfO{ 1fkg ub}{ sfos { fn ;kmntfsf] ze'sfdgf JoQm ub5 { f+} . l;jL tfdf· cWoIf tyf

g]skf Pdfn] w'lnv]n ^ g+= j8f sld6L tyf o'jf ;+3 g]kfn w'lnv]n gu/ sld6L kl/jf/ w'lnv]n, sfe|]

lhNnf ;xsf/L ;3 + ln= sfes |] f] #% cf+} ;fwf/0f ;efaf6 ljgfb ] k/fhn ' L ul/dfdo cWoIf kbdf lgjfl{rt xg'e'Psfd]f xflbs { awfO{ 1fkg ub}{ sfos { fn ;kmntfsf] ze'sfdgf JoQm ub5 { f+} . /fdk|;fb k/fh'nL–cWoIf >L/fd k/fh'nL–pkfWoIf lbk]Gb| k/fh'nL–;lrj hfg'sf k/fh'nL–sf]iffWoIf tyf

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xflb{s awfO{ tyf z'esfdgf sf7df8f+} ljZjljBfno tyf gk]fn ;/sf/sf] ;xsfod{f ;r + flnt Master in Land Administration ljifodf ;jfs {] i[6 cs + xfl;n u/L rfG;n/ :j0fk{bsaf6 ljel"ift xg'e'Psfd]f agk]f !! a8'fn ] lgjf;L >L lzjx/L bfxfnsf ;k'q' tyf o; ;:+yfsf pkfWoIf nv ] gfy 9sfnHon " fO{ xflbs { awfO{ tyf ze'sfdgf

o; ;:+yfsf kj"{ cWoIf agk]f ! 3fs ] r ] f/} lgjf;L /fdZ]j/k;|fb pkfWofosf 5f/]f 8f= >L kb | Lk ;fksf6]f pkfWofo l;3 + flgof ljZjljBfno /fh:yfg ef/taf6 Geoinformatics df ljBfjfl/wL pkflw xfl;n ug{ ;kmn xg'e'Psfd]f xflbs { awfO{ tyf ze'sfdgf

sf7df8f+} ljZjljBfno tyf gk]fn ;/sf/sf] ;xsfod{f ;r + flnt Master in Land Administration ljifodf lblIft xg'e'Psf agk]f !) lgjf;L >L lbndfof dfgGw/sL ;k'q' ljhosd ' f/ dfgGw/Hon ' fO{ xflbs { awfO{ tyf ze'sfdgf

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;:'t dgl:yltsL dlxnf anfTst[ sflt{sdf===============

w'lnv]n÷dl;+/ !! ut] lbpF;f] ;flkª uf=lj=;=j8f g+=! y'Dsf 3/ ePsL ;':t dgl:ytLsL !* alif{of dlxnf anfTs[t ePsf 5g\ . ;flkË uf=lj=;= j8f g+= # 3/ ePsf @$ alif{o ;ljg lu/L / lhNnf eQmk'/ ;'ol{\agfos g=kf= j8f g+= !! a:g] jif{ @* ;/f]h /fpt dfbs kbfy{ -/S;L_ lsGg elg k;ndf uO{ /S;L dfUbf 5}g eg]kl5 Ps a§f r'/f]6 lsgL kmsL{ uPsf] s]lx ;do kl5 k'gM k;ndf cfO{ lkl8tnfO{ lakIfL dWo] ;ljg lu/Ln] @) sf] gf]6 lbO{ ;/f]h /fptn] eg]sf] s'/f dfGg' x} elg ;f]xL k;n 3/sf] dflyNnf] rf]6fdf k7fO{ lgh aflx/ s'/L a;L ;/f]h /fptn] xftdf ;dfO{ efUg pDsg glbO{ hah{:tL n8fO{ ;':t dgl:ytLsL aflnsfnfO{ wfs wDsL b]vfO{ @) sf] gf]6 ;d]t lbO{ s/0fL u/]sf 5g\ . hah{:tL s/0fL u/L km/f/ /x]sf k|ltjfbLx?nfO{ kqmfp u/L hah{:tL s/0fL dxn cg';f/ x'g] sf/jfxL / ;hfFosf] nfuL lhNnf cbfnt sfe|]af6 klxnfsf] Dofb yk u/L cg';Gwfg ePsf] 5 .

;lqmo eof] k|x/L

jg] k f÷Aofkf/Ls gu/L jg]kfdf /x]sf] cfefif jrt tyf C0f ;xsf/L ;+:yfsf] ;ftf} jflif{sf]pT;asf] cj;/df ljljw sfo{qmdsf] cfof]hgf ul/Psf] 5 . pQm sfo{qmx? ;KtfxAofkL x'g] atfO{Psf] 5 . jflif{ s pT;a sfo{ q mdsf] klxnf] lbg d+;L/ !$ ut] d+unaf/ sfe|] pwf]u jfl0fHo ;3+sf cWoIf ;'/s[i0f a}wn] /Qmbfg u/L pb3f6g u/]sf lyP . /Qmbfg sfo{qmddf z]o/ ;b:o, ;~rfns ;ldlt / cGo u/L $) hgfn] /Qmbfg u/]sf lyP . To;}u/L ;+:yfn] lxhf] !% ut] jg]kfdf /x]sf] ;/:jtL cfwf/e't ljBfnosf ljBfyL{x?nfO{ z}lIfs ;fdfu|L ljt/0f u/L

;f]lx lbg lgz'Ns cfvfF lzla/ sfo{qmd cfof]hgf u/]sf] 5 . cfh !^ ut] kQ~hnL of]u ;ldtLsf] ;dGjodf cfefif ;fsf];sf h]i7 gfu/Lsx?nfO{ of]uf u/fpg] / kf}li6s cfxf/ ljt/0f u/L ;Ddfg ul/g] atfO{Psf] 5 . kl5Nnf] ;dodf ;xsf/Lx?n] k};fsf] sf/f]af/ dfq ug{] cf/f]k nfuL/x]sf] a]nfdf cfefif ;fsf];n] pbf/0fLo sfd u/]sf] 5 . o; cl3 klg :yfkgf lbj;df ;:+yfn] ;fdflhs sfox{? ub]{ cfO/{xs ] f] lyof] . ;:+yfn] jrt tyf C0fsf] sf/fa]f/ dfq} gu//] ;fdflhs bfloTj ;dt] lgjfx{ u/s ] f] ;fsf;]sf ka|Gws ;a'fif aw}n] hfgsf/L lbP . sfoq{md ;:+yfsf cWoIf lbgz ] /fh sfo:ysf] ;efkltTjdf ;DkGg ePsf] lyof] .

kf]6]{hsf] Aoj:yfkg tflnd ag]kf÷kf]6{]h tyf k'g:yf{kg ;+:yf g]kfn4f/f lhNnfafn sNof0f ;ldltsf] ;+of]hg tyf o'lg;]kmsf] cfly{s ;xof]udf sfe|]sf !* uf=la=;=x?df afnclwsf/, afn ;+/If0f, afnb'Ao{jxf/, zf]if0f, x]nf, lx;f+, ckf°utf tyf hf]lvddf k/]sf afnaflnsfx?sf] 36gf Aoj:yfkg ug{] ;DalGw ufpFafn ;+/If0f tyf ;Daw{g pk;ldltsf ;b:ox?, cfdf ;d'x, :jf:Yosfo{stf{, lzIfs tyf ;fdflhs cu'jfx? u/L @&) hgf ;xefuLx?sf nflu @ lbg] tflnd ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . sfe|] lhNnfsfgfu|] uur{], ;flkª, l;DynL, ;fgf] afªynL, dflemkm]bf, a]vl;Dn], latf{ b]p/fnL, ldNr], kmnfd]6f/, uf]sn], d]R5], rfkfvf]/L, HofDbL, xf]S;], s'zfb]jL, dxf+sfnrf}/, gofFufpF, 6's'rf gfnf nufotsf uf=la=;=x?df afnclwsf/ xggsf 36gf klxrfg, afnaflnsf / kl/jf/sf] n]vfhf]vf, :ofxf/ of]hgfcg'udg ;ldIff, ;ldIffPj+ 36gf ;dfkg ;DalGwlaifox?dfkf]6{]h afn ;+/If0f sfo{s|dcGtu{t pQm tflndsf] ;xlhs/0f sfo{s|d ;+of]hs zfGtnfn >]i7, ;fdflhs sfo{stf{ k'?iff]Qd >]i7, a'4 nIdL >]i7, uf]df l3ld/] / s'g;fª nfdfn] u/]sf lyP .

afn ;/+If0f 36gf l;kmfl/; tyf x:tfGt/0f sfoz { fnf ;DkGg ag]kf÷kf]6{]h tyf k'g:yfkg ;+:yf g]kfnsf] cfof]hgf, lhNnf afn sNof0f ;ldlt sfe|]sf] ;+of]hg tyf o'lg;]kmsf] ;xof]udf af;8f]ndf afn ;+/If0f, 36gf l;kmfl;/ tyf x:tfGt/0f ;DalGw @ lbg] sfo{zfnf ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . sfo{zfnfsf] pb\3f6g ub{} k|d'v cltly k|d'v lhNnf clwsf/L >L lzj k|;fb l;+v8fn] lakb\n] ;a} afn aflnsf k|eflat ePsfn] afn aflnsfsf If]qdf sfd ug{] ;a} ;+:yfx? aLr ;+dGjofTds 9+un] sfo{ ul/ afn ;+/If0f ug'{ kg{] atfP . lhNnf afn sNof0f ;ldlt sfe|]sf cWoIf >L /fd s'df/ d'NdLn] lhNnfsf w]/} afnaflnsf >ddf hfg] ePsfn] To; k|a[lQnfO{ /f]Sgsf nflu 36gf l;kmfl/; tyf x:tfGt/0f sfo{ dxTjk0f{ /x]sf] atfP . ;+:yfsf cWoIf >L ;'dg sf]v >]i7sf] ;efkltTj tyf sfo{s|d ;+of]hs zfGtnfn >]i7sf] ;+rfngdf ;DkGg sfof{s|ddf lhNnfdf afn aflnsfsf If]qdf sfo{/t ;3 ;+:yfsf @# hgf k|ltlglwx?nfO{ @ lbg ;Dd afn ;+/If0fsf ;jfn, b'/Aojxf/ / hf]lvdsf] n]vfhf]vf, 36gf Aoj:yfkgsf] dxTj, 36gf Aoj:yfkgsf r/0fx?, afn aflnsf;+usf] ;~rf/, ;]jfk|bfos 36gf l;kmfl/; / x:tfGt/0f, k|fylds ;]jf k|bfos cfkm}n] k|bfg ug{ ;Sg] ;]jfx? l;kmfl/; clen]lvs/0f cfbfg k|bfgdf cKgfpg' kg{] uf]klgotf, afn aflnsfsf p4f/, ;af{]Qd lxt / a}slNks :ofxf/ cfjZostf ePsf afn aflnsf, 36gf ;dfkgdf kl/jf/ ;+u 5nkmn / afn aflnsf kl/jf/nfO{ x:tfGt/0f laifodf >L /fd s'df/ d'NdL, dlxnf lasfz clws[t k|1f lg/f}nf, lhNnf afn sNof0f ;ldltsf ;'rgf clws[t ;/f]h g]kfn tyf sfo{s|d ;+of]hs zfGtnfn >]i7 4f/f k|lzIf0f lbOPsf] lyof] .

w'lnv]n÷lhNnf cbfnt sfe|]sf] km};nfaf6 h/Ljfgf 7x/ u/L hl/jfgf a]?h' eO{ km/f/x?nfO{ kqmfp u/L k|x/Ln] cbfntdf k]z u/]sf] 5 . kfFrvfn & sf df]xg ahufO{, w'lnv]n ^ sf k'0ok|;fb l/hfnnfO{ kqmfp u/L hl/jgf c;'n ul/Psf] 5 . To:t} kfgL r'xfpFb} lgdf{0f ;fdfu|L af]Sg] l6«k/x?nfO{ sf/jfxL z[?' ul/Psf] 5 . c/lgsf] /fhdfu{df r]s hfFr ug{] qmddf l6«k/x?nfO{ sf/jfxL ul/Psf] xf] . af $ v &*(, af $ v @(!@, af ^ v &#$*, af # v &)**, af $ v @%^^, af $ v !^^&, af # v #*^^, af @ v *^@$ / af $ v %@%) nfO{ Ps÷Ps xhf/ hl/jgf ul/Psf] 5 . k|x/Ln] ufO{sf] df;' sf6]/ ljqmL ub{} u/]sf] cleof]udf l;Gw'kfNrf]s gjnk'/ uf=lj=;= j8f g+= ! 3/ ePsf #% alif{o ljzfn Gof}kfg]nfO{ ufO{sf] $ j6f v'§f ;lxt ! af]/f df;' af]sL lx8L /x]sf] cj:yfdf km]nf kf/L kqmfp u/]sf] lhNNf k|x/L sfof{no sfe|]sf k|jQmf l8P:kL gljg/fh /fO{n] hfgsf/L lbP .

kfFrvfn÷g]skf Pdfn] kfFrvfn gu/ sld6Ln] tTsflng kfFrvfn uflj;sf pkfWoIf an/fd ;fksf]6fsf] xTof ePsf] !& cf} aflif{s :d[ltdf Ps sfo{qmdsf] cfof]hgf u/]sf] 5 . anf/dnfO{ dfcf]jfbLn] 3/af6} ckx/0f u/L s'6Ls'6L lhpFb} vf8ndf xfn]/ k'/s ] f lyP . ckx/0fsf nfdf] ;do kl5 pgnfO{ xTof u/]sf] dfcf]jfbLn] l:jsf/]sf lyP . ;f]lx cj;/df g]skf dfcf]jfbL s]G›sf ;lrj ;lxt bh{gf} AolQmx? Pdfn]df k|jz ] u/]sf 5g\ . dfcf]jfbL s]G› kfFrvfn j8f g+ ! sf j8f ;lrj xl/axfb'/ sfsL{sf] g]tT[ jdf bh{gf} sfo{stf{ Pdfn]df k|jz ] u/]sf 5g\ . sfo{qmddf g]skf Pdfn] lhNnf cWoIf 6f]s afb'/ jfO{jf, ;lra gf/fo0f kf08], ;lrjfno ;b:o tyf df]rf{ k|dv ' sGrg clwsf/L, s]G›Lo ;xsf/L laefu ;b:o l6sfaNna ;fksf]6f, lhNnf ;b:o k'is/ 9sfn / ;'e›f clwsf/L, gDa/ cWoIf dfgaxfb'/ tfdfª, lhNnf n]vf cfof]u ;lra lgd{n lqkf7L, /laG› l;kvfg nufotn] dGtAo /fv]sf lyP .

;xsf/L ===============

/0faxfb'/ vgfnn] @ ;o $ dt k|fKt u/L ljhoL ePeg] dlxnf ;b:odf lxdfnL >]i7n] @ ;o &) dt, sdnf clwsf/Ln] @ ;o ^^ dt, /flwsf l3dL/]n] @ ;o $^ dt, sljtf tfdfªn] @ ;o #& dt / b'uf{ ;Tofn @ ;o @& dt NofO{ ljhoL ePsf 5g\ . To:t} n]vf tyf ;'kl/j]If0f ;ldltdf k|]daxfb'/ e'h]n ;+of]hs @ ;o #( dt, ;b:ox?df gj/fh e't{]n @ ;o %! dt / dfwjk|;fb g]kfn @ ;o $* dt NofO{ ljhoL ePsf 5g\ . Pdfn] / g]skf dfcf]jfbL s]Gb|sf] ;+o'Qm Kofgndf cWoIf, ;lrj ;lxt !$ l;6 Pdfn]nfO{ / pkfWoIf, sf]iffWoIf ;lxt n]vf ;ldltsf] ;+of]hs u/L * l;6 dfcf]jfbL s]Gb|nfO{ ljefhg u/L pDd]bjf/L lbO{Psf] lyof] . b'j} kf6L{sf pDd]bjf/x? ljhoL ePsf 5g\ . g]kfnL sf+u|];nfO{ gofF zlQmsf] ;fem]bf/L /x]sf] lyof] . ;xsf/Lsf xl:t ;Demg] zDe'nfn >]i7, k|ltef ;'j]bL, cdg kf]6], ljwfg hf]zL nufot k/flht eP . o; cl3 g]kfn af/ Pzf]l;P;gsf] lgjf{rgdf klg Pdfn] / g]skf dfcf]jfbL s]Gb|nfO{ g]kfnL sf+u|];sf] l6dnfO{ k/flht u/]sf] lyof] . sf+u|];sf] l;Ëf] l6d g} ljhoLsf nflu s[oflzn eP klg dWo/ft;Ddsf] kl/0ffd k|fKt ePkl5 km/f/ ePsf] lyof] . k/flhtx?n] @& dt b]lv ! ;o %& dt;Dd k|fKt u/] . ;xsf/L ;+3sf] pb\3f6g sfe|] pBf]u afl0fHo ;+3sf cWoIf ;'/s[i0f a}Bn] u/]sf lyP . cWoIf ;f]dk|;fb x'dfufO{sf] cWoIftfdf ;DkGg sfo{qmddf ;lrj cdg kf]6] >]i7n] aflif{s k|ltj]bg k|:t't u/]sf lyP eg] sf]iffWoIf /fdx/L a'9fyf]sLn] cfly{s k|ltj]bg k|:t't u/]sf lyP . @# nfv #! xhf/ # ;o z]o/ k'FhL /x]sf] pQm ;+3sf] lgIf]k ! s/f]8 !# nfv ^( xhf/ ( ;o #! ?k}of /x]sf] 5 . To:t} *) nfv shf{ nufgL u/]sf] 5 .

efjk"0f{ >4f~hnL

:j= w'jk{ ; | fb x'dfufO{ >L s'zfb]jL ;fsf];sf cWoIf, ;dfh;]jL tyf ;xsf/LsdL{ w'jk{ ; | fb x'dfufOs { f] cNkfo"d} csNkgLo c;fdlos lgwg ePsf]n] d[tsk|lt efjk"0f{ >4f~hnL ck{0f ub}{ zf]s;GtKt kl/jf/hgk|lt xflb{s ;dj]bgf k|s6 ub{5f}+ .

nfvf} ?k}of 3'; lnP/ lt AolQmx?sf] gdf lgsflnPsf] >f]tn] atfof] . pQm lg0f{o lj?4 sd{rf/Lx?n] cfGbf]ng ug{] 3f]if0ff u/]sf 5g\ . sfo{qmd cGt{ut ;fksf]6fnfO{ sfof{no k|j]zdf lgif]w ug{] ;d]tsf sfo{qmd /x]sf 5g\ . sfof{no ;xof]uLsf af/]df lnO{Psf] kmfO{nx? l;l8cf] sfof{nodf nluPsf] 5 . ;fksf]6f sfof{nodf k|jz ] g} gu/L l;l8cf] sfof{nodf k'us ] f 5g\ . ptf lhNnf ag sfof{nosf k|dv ' k|d] vgfns} ldn]dQf]df uf];fO{yfgsf] ;fd'bflos ag cltqmd0f ePsf] 5 . cltqmd0f ul/Psf] ag leqsf] ;+/rgf x6fpg eGbf pgL lxGb' wd{ dfGg]x?n] s;/L uP/ dlGb/df 8f]h/ rnfpg' eGb} sd{rf/Lx? aLr dhfs ug{ yfn]sf 5g\ . ;f]daf/ cfof]lht sfof{no k|dv ' x?sf] a}7sdf ;d]t of] ljifon] k|dv ' tf kfPsf] lyof] .

hghful[tsf] lgMzN's df6f] kl/If0f

nf]saxfb'/ yfkf÷w'lnv]n hghfu[lt t/sf/L kmnkm'n ;xsf/L ;+:yf ln=sf] cfof]hgfdf ;+:yf ln=sf sfo{If]qleq /x]sf s[ifs z]o/ ;b:ox?sf] df6f] k/LIf0f sfo{qmd ;DkGg u/]sf] 5 . df6f] kl/If0f a8fnufpF, yfSn], ks'rf, au}r + f, #^ lsnf], vfjf, gofFufpF, r+v'j]zL, gofFj:tL, s'Qfn, cfrfo{ufpF, @* lsnf], Eof08f]n, >Lv08k'/, ;'jfn6f]n, afF;3f/L, 5fkufpF, uf}v'/]Zj/, aNy'Dsf, el§8fF8f, /fgf5fk, 7s'/L5fkdf ePsf] lyof] . ;geL Pu|f] k|f=ln= / Go" nSsL OG6/k|fOh]hsf h}ljs dn ljz]if1 k'?iff]Qd rf}u'7Ln] pQm If]qdf uO{ df6f]sf] k/LIf0f u/]sf lyP . df6f] kl/If0f ug{] qmddf clwsf+z If]qdf df6f]df clDnokg /x]sf] ljz]if1 rf}u'7Ln] atfP . ;fy} cDnLokgnfO{ x6fpgsf] nflu s[lif r'g k|of]u ug{'kg{] pgn] atfP . ;+:yf ln=n] cfkm\gf s[ifsx?sf] lxtsf nflu pQm df6f] kl/If0f sfo{qmd lgMz'Ns ?kdf u/]sf] tyf lgs6 eljiod} s[lif r'g klg ljt/0f ug{] hfgsf/L ;+:yf ln=sf cWoIf k|tfkl;+ nfdfn] hfgsf/L lbP .

h}l;yf]sdf ;fj{hlgs ;'g'jfO{

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ol"gs ;fsf;]sf] gjf+ } ;ef ;DkGg hGd M @)@*

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hflu/ ===============

an/fdsf] :d[lt lbj;

efjk"0f{ >4f~hnL hGd M @)@*

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:juf{/f]x0f M @)&#.*.&

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/fdx/L s]=;L=

;'/y ;fksf]6f

cWoIf tyf

cWoIf tyf

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efjk"0f{ >4f~hnL

;xf/f ax'p2]ZoLo ;xsf/L ;+:yf ln= sfe|k] nf~rf]s lhNnf art tyf C0f ;xsf/L ;+3 ln= kl/jf/, ag]kf, sfe|] kl/jf/ s'zfb]jL–& sfe|]

efjk"0f{ >4f~hnL

efjk"0f{ >4f~hnL hGd M !((^.!@.!)

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:juf{/f]x0f M @)&#.*.!!

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hGd M !((*.!!.!%

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e'jgs'df/ dNn

/TgsfhL >]i7

g]skf Pdfn] kf“rvfn !@ g+= j8f sld6L kl/jf/, kf“rvfn, sfe|]

pu|r08L art tyf C0f ;xsf/L ;+:yf ln= kl/jf/, pu|r08L gfnf !

cWoIf tyf

cWoIf tyf


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r]i6f ;fKtflxs

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/x]sf] lyof] .

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xflb{s awfO{

lhNnf ;xsf/L ;3 + ln=, sfes |] f] #% cf+} jflifs { ;fwf/0f ;efaf6 ;r + fns ;ldlt cWoIfdf ljgfb ] k/fhn ' L, pkfWoIfdf /fdrGb| e§/fO,{ ;lrjdf lblnk zdf,{ sfi]ffWoIfdf /fdsi[0f clwsf/L Pj+ ;b:ox?df /fhg zfSo, 7fs/'gfy clwsf/L, gf/fo0f k; | fb nD;fn, /z ] dnfn gk]fnL, obg ' fy xd ' fufO,{ l8NnLk; | fb sO's { n ] , /0faxfb/' vgfn, dlxnf ;r + fns ;b:ox?df lxdfnL >i]7, sdnf clwsf/L, /flwsf l3ld/,] sljtf tfdfª, bu ' f{ ;Tofn, nv ] f tyf ;k'l/jI]f0f ;ldltsf] ;o+fh ] sdf kd |] axfb/' eh ' n ] tyf ;b:ox?df gj/fh et ' {n ] / dfwjk; | fb gk]fn lgjfl{rt xg'e'Psfd]f xflbs { awfO{ 1fkg ub}{ sfos { fn ;kmntfsf] ze'sfdgf JoQm ub5 { f+} .

bof/fd dxt

lxdfno e6]l]/g/L lSnlgs P08 Nofa kl/jf/, agk]f, sfe]|

xl/ZrGb| l3ld/,] cWoIf tyf

cg/]f:jljo" lhNnf sld6L kl/jf/ sfe]|

xflb{s awfO{ tyf z'esfdgf

;/fh ] rGb| yfkf

xflb{s awfO{

xflb{s awfO{

lhNnf ;xsf/L ;3 + ln=, sfes |] f] #% cf+} jflifs { ;fwf/0f ;efaf6 ;r + fns ;ldlt cWoIfdf ljgfb ] k/fhn ' L, pkfWoIfdf /fdrGb| e§/fO,{ ;lrjdf lblnk zdf,{ sfi]ffWoIfdf /fdsi[0f clwsf/L Pj+ ;b:ox?df /fhg zfSo, 7fs/'gfy clwsf/L, gf/fo0f k; | fb nD;fn, /z ] dnfn gk]fnL, obg ' fy xd ' fufO,{ l8NnLk; | fb sO's { n ] , /0faxfb/' vgfn, dlxnf ;r + fns ;b:ox?df lxdfnL >i]7, sdnf clwsf/L, /flwsf l3ld/,] sljtf tfdfª, bu ' f{ ;Tofn, nv ] f tyf ;k'l/jI]f0f ;ldltsf] ;o+fh ] sdf kd |] axfb/' eh ' n ] tyf ;b:ox?df gj/fh et ' {n ] / dfwjk; | fb gk]fn lgjfl{rt xg'e'Psfd]f xflbs { awfO{ 1fkg ub}{ sfos { fn ;kmntfsf] ze'sfdgf JoQm ub5 { f+} .

8f= xl/si[0f yfkf

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jif{ @# c+s ^ @)&# d+;L/ !^ ut] ljxLjf/

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8f= xl/si[0f yfkf

bof/fd dxt

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lbgz ] hfz ] L kd|v ' tyf

agk]f bw ' lr:ofg sG]b| kl/jf/ agk]f, sfe]|

xflb{s awfO{

lhNnf ;xsf/L ;3 + ln=, sfes |] f] #% cf+} jflifs { ;fwf/0f ;efaf6 ;r + fns ;ldlt cWoIfdf ljgfb ] k/fhn ' L, pkfWoIfdf /fdrGb| e§/fO,{ ;lrjdf lblnk zdf,{ sfi]ffWoIfdf /fdsi[0f clwsf/L Pj+ ;b:ox?df /fhg zfSo, 7fs/'gfy clwsf/L, gf/fo0f k; | fb nD;fn, /z ] dnfn gk]fnL, obg ' fy xd ' fufO,{ l8NnLk; | fb sO's { n ] , /0faxfb/' vgfn, dlxnf ;r + fns ;b:ox?df lxdfnL >i]7, sdnf clwsf/L, /flwsf l3ld/,] sljtf tfdfª, bu ' f{ ;Tofn, nv ] f tyf ;k'l/jI]f0f ;ldltsf] ;o+fh ] sdf kd |] axfb/' eh ' n ] tyf ;b:ox?df gj/fh et ' {n ] / dfwjk; | fb gk]fn lgjfl{rt xg'e'Psfd]f xflbs { awfO{ 1fkg ub}{ sfos { fn ;kmntfsf] ze'sfdgf JoQm ub5 { f+} .

dfl]t/fd ltdlN;gf sfos { f/L ;Dkfbs

czfs ] Jof~h" ;Dkfbs÷ks | fzs

lxdfno e6]l]/g/L lSnlgs P08 Nofa kl/jf/, agk]f, sfe]|

xflb{s awfO{ tyf z'esfdgf

ljZjgfy bfxfn

dxG]b| /fpt

gk]fn lghfdlt sdr { f/L ;u+7g lhNnf sfo{ ;ldlt sfes ]| f] bzf+} lhNnf clwjz ] gaf6 ;/dynL uflj;df sfo/{t uflj; ;lrj ljZjgfy bfxfn pkfWoIfdf / bj]L6f/ uflj;df sfo/{t uflj; ;lrj dxG]b| /fpt sfi]ffWoIf kbdf lgjfl{rt xg'e'Psfd]f xflbs { awfO{ 1fkg ub}{ sfos { fn ;kmntfsf] ze'sfdgf JoQm ub5 { f+} .

bj]L6f/ uflj; kl/jf/ bj]L6f/, sfe]|

;/dynL uflj; kl/jf/ ;/ydynL, sfe]|

xflb{s awfO{

lhNnf ;xsf/L ;3 + ln=, sfes |] f] #% cf+} jflifs { ;fwf/0f ;efaf6 ;r + fns ;ldlt cWoIfdf ljgfb ] k/fhn ' L, pkfWoIfdf /fdrGb| e§/fO,{ ;lrjdf lblnk zdf,{ sfi]ffWoIfdf /fdsi[0f clwsf/L Pj+ ;b:ox?df /fhg zfSo, 7fs/'gfy clwsf/L, gf/fo0f k; | fb nD;fn, /z ] dnfn gk]fnL, obg ' fy xd ' fufO,{ l8NnLk; | fb sO's { n ] , /0faxfb/' vgfn, dlxnf ;r + fns ;b:ox?df lxdfnL >i]7, sdnf clwsf/L, /flwsf l3ld/,] sljtf tfdfª, bu ' f{ ;Tofn, nv ] f tyf ;k'l/jI]f0f ;ldltsf] ;o+fh ] sdf kd |] axfb/' eh ' n ] tyf ;b:ox?df gj/fh et ' {n ] / dfwjk; | fb gk]fn lgjfl{rt xg'e'Psfd]f xflbs { awfO{ 1fkg ub}{ sfos { fn ;kmntfsf] ze'sfdgf JoQm ub5 { f+} .

;j'0fb { f; >i]7, uflj; ;lrj tyf

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r]i6f ;fKtflxs

jif{ @# c+s ^ @)&# d+;L/ !^ ut] ljxLjf/

a]yfgrf]s gf/fo0f:yfg, 9'v + s{ / >Ls[i0f uf]kfn df=lj= rGb|k; | fb ltdlN;gf ef}uf]lns cjl:ylt / kl/ro g]kfnsf &% lhNnf dWo] #( lhNnf kxf8L lhNnf 5g\ . To;dWo] sfe|]knf~rf]s Ps xf] . b]zsf] ;+3Lo k|b]z ljefhg cg';f/ of] lhNnf k|b]z g+= # sf] afudtL c~rndf kb{5 . /fhwfgL b]lv k"j{ /x]sf] o; lhNnfnfO{ ^ g=kf= / * ufpFkflnsf u/L !$ j6f :yfgLo txdf k'g;{+/rgf ug{] k|:tfj lhNnf k|fljlws ;ldltn] u/]sf] 5 . h;dWo] a]yfgrf]s 9'+vs{ klg Ps xf] . of] ufpFkflnsf sfe|]sf] ;b/d'sfd w'lnv]nb]lv sl/a !^ ls=ld=df /x]sf] 5 eg] xfnsf] uflj; ;d'b|L ;txaf6 !*)) b]lv #)!* ld6/ prfO{df kb{5 . o; uflj;df /x]sf] dxfef/t kj{t >[+vnf / sfe|] lhNnfs} ;a}eGbf cUnf] :yfg a]yfgrf]s gf/fo0f:yfg o;} uflj;df kb{5g\ . hxfFaf6 lxdfn tyf t/fO{sf zx/x? b]Vg ;lsG5 . xfn o;} uflj; 9'+vs{, Rofd|fªj]zL, rnfn, u0f]z:yfg, Rofl;+vs{, dxf+sfn, e'Ub]p j8f ! b]lv & ;Dd / aNynL % g+= j8f ;d]6]/ a]yfgrf]s ufpFkflnsfsf] k|:tfj k'g;+{/rgf cfof]udf uPsf] 5 . h;sf] hg;+Vof @)^* cg';f/ sl/a !& xhf/ /xg]5 . o; If]qdf ;Nnf], l7d'/], plt;, s6';, u'/fF;, v;', b'lbnf], nK;L, lrpnL lz/Lif h:tf jg:kltx? / nf]8;Nnf lr/fOtf], wl;ª/], h6fd;L, s'l/nf], kfvg, j]b, l6d'/, g'gl9s], afa/L, t]hkQf, nf]Stf, kfFrcf}+n], 7"nf] cf]vtf], P]+;]n', lgdsf7, ;b'jf h:tf] ax'dN" o hl8a'6L kfOG5g\ . oxfFsf h+undf d[u, aFb]n, b'D;L, af3, efn', :ofn, v/fof], lrQn, 3f]/n, afFb/ h:tf aGohGt' / sflnh, 8fFkm], do"/, x'lrn, nf6f]sf];]/f], afh, 9's'/, sfu, k/]jf, as'Nnf, lu4, h'/]nL, ;f/f}+, eFu]/f, uf}ynL, nfdk'R5«] h:tf kG5Lx? kfOG5g\ . hfthfltsf b[li6n] ax'hftLo ljz]iftf ePsf] ax';fDk|bflos hfthfltsf] a;f]af; /x]sf] kfOG5 . o; If]qdf ljz]iftM cfo{ d+uf]lnog ;Dk|bfo cGtu{tsf hfthfltx? a|fDx0f, If]qL, tfdfª, g]jf/, du/, kl/of/, ljZjsdf{ nufotsf hfthflt ldl>t a;f]jf; /x]sf] 5 . ljz]iftM lxGb' / af}4 wd{ ;Dk|bfosf] afx'Notf /x]sf] o; If]qdf l56km'6 ?kdf lqmlZrog wd{n] klg k|jz ] u/]sf] b]lvG5 . ljleGg wfld{s d7dlGb/, u'Daf, r}Tosf ;fy wfld{s ;lxi0f'tf /x]sf] o; :yfgsf

dflg;x?n] bz},+ ltxf/, hg} k"l0f{df, lth, a'4hoGtL, Nxf];f/h:tf rf8kj{x? dfGb5g\ . slnnf] anf}6] / lrD6fOnf] df6f] /xsf] oxfFsf] k|dv ' afnLdf ds}, ux',F wfg, hf}, sf]bf], kmfk/ tyf gub]jfnLdf tf]/L, l;dL, af]8L, s]/fpsf] pTkfbg x'g] u/]sf] 5 eg] xfnsf] ;dodf t/sf/L v]tLtkm{ oxfFsf ls;fgx? cfn', aGbf, d"nf, sfpnL, uf]ne]8f, n;'g, Kofh v]tL u/L sf7df8f}d+ f cfk"lt{ ub{5 {} g\ eg] kz'kfng u/L b'w / v'jf /fhwfgLdf k'¥ofpF5g\ . gf;kf;L, cfn' kv8f, c?, xn'jfj]b, sfutL / sfkmn h:tf kmnkm"nx? oxfF kfOG5g\ . a] y fgrf] s gf/fo:yfg, P]ltxfl;s, dxf+sfn :yfg, d'Qm]Zj/ dxfb]j:yfg, jfu]g u'kmf, sfdL8fF8f, Rofl;+vs{ sfe|] lhNnfsf] ;b'/d'sfd w'lnv]n b]lv @@ ls=dL= blIf0f dxfef/tsf] cfwf/ e"ld, lhnfsf] ;a}eGbf cUnf] ko{6sLo dgf]/d :yn tyf wfld{s kfy{nL u'Da'8fF8f, u]N8'ªahf/, u'jf e~Hofª o; If]qsf wfld{s tyf ko{6sLo :ynx? x'g\ eg] >Ls[i0fuf]kfn df=lj= 9'v + s{–@, >L kfj{tL ax'dv ' L SofDk;, a]yfgrf]s gf/fo0f:yfg cfwf/e"t ljBfno, >L hglk|o k|f=lj= uf]/vgfy k|f=lj=, 1fgHof]lt k|f=lj=, afnlxt k|f=lj=, ho/fd k|f=lj= 9'v + s{ O=af]= :s"n, >L ;/:jtL df=lj=, sflnsf df=lj=, u0f]z cfwf/e"t ljBfno, ledl;g]Zj/ df=lj= cfTdf ljsf; df=lj=, afn pGglt cfwf/e"t dflj= ;/:jtL df=lj=, l;tf k|f=lj= nufotsf y'k}| ljBfnox?n] lzIff ;]jf tyf z}lIfs ultljlw ul//x]sf 5g\ . h;dWo] oxfF o;k6s >Ls[i0f uf]kfn df=lj= 9'v + s{sf] lrgf/L k|:t't ul/G5 M >L s[ i 0fuf] k fn df=lj= 9' + v s{ – @ dxf+sfn:yfg Ps kl/ro P]ltxfl;s cj:yf ;'?df lj=;+= @)@)÷)@! ;fnlt/ k"hf/Lsf ?kdf /x]sf of]uLaf6 dxf+sfnsf] kf6Ldf k9fO{sf] ;'?jft ePsf] of] ljBfno ;'?sf] cj:yfdf If]qkfn yfgL dxf+sfnsf] kf6Ldf ;+rfng ePsf], pQm kf6L lgdf{0f ug{, 5fgf 5fpg, dd{t ;Def/ ug{, h:tfkftf vl/b ug{ :yfgLo ;dfh;]jLx?n] tTsfnLg cj:yfdf 7"n} /sd, rGbf tyf cGgbfg ;d]t ;+sng u/]sf] kfOG5 . lj=;+= @)@# kf}if ! ut]nfO{ o; ljBfnosf] cf}krfl/s :yfkgfsf] cfwf/ lnPsf] ljBfnosf] clen]vaf6 k'li6 x'G5 . lj=;+= @)$! ;fndf k|f=lj=fa6 lgDg dfWolds tx ;+rfngfy{ c:yfoL cg'dlt kfPsf] of] ljBfno @)$$ ;fndf k|f=lj= txdf g} e]mNg'k/]sf] lj=;+= @)%) ;fn k'if !$ ut]sf] cleefjs e]nf kZrft h'emf? o'jfx? /fdx/L zdf{, xl/s[i0f ltdlN;gf / uf]kfnk|;fb ltdlN;gf cflb lzIffk|d] Lx?sf] cu'jfO{df cfly{s ;+sng

xflb{s awfO{

;dofg's'n cfkm"nfO{ kl/dflh{t Pj+ ljsf; ub{} cfkm\gf] ;]jf If]qdf /x]sf tdfd afnaflnsfx?nfO{ ;dofg's"n, u'0f:t/Lo, ;dfj]zL, afnd}qL k2ltaf6 z}lIfs hfu/0f Nofpg ljBfno k|of;/t 5 .

u/L ;DalGwt lgsfoaf6 @)%) df lg=df=lj= / lj=;+= @)^% df df=lj=sf] cg'dlt lnO{ lj=;+= @)^^ b]lv b]zsf] /fli6«o k/LIff P;Pn;L k/LIffdf ;xefuL eO{ /fli6«o glthfdf /fd|f] glthf NofO/x]sf] 5 . o; ljBfnosf] k|f=lj= lg=df=lj= tyf df=lj= txsf txut / sIffut l;sfO{ pknAwL /fd|f] /x]sf] 5 . xfn;Dd o; ljBfnoaf6 lj=;+= @)^^ b]lv ljBfyL{x?n] P;Pn;L k/LIffdf ;xefuL eO{ ljBfyL{ pQL0f{ ePsf 5g\ . o; ljBfnodf cWoog u/]sf ljBfyL{x? cToGt} nugzLn, cg'zfl;t Odfgbf/ / d]xgtL b]lvPsf 5g\ . oxfF cWoog u/]sf ljBfyL{x?n] sn]h :t/sf ;fwf/0f tyf k|fljlws, Joj;flos pRr lzIffsf] cWoogdf klg sn]h 6k k|yd x'g,] cltl/Qm tyf xflh/Lhjfkmx?df pTs[i6 :yfg xfl;n ug{] nf]s;]jf nufotsf ;]jf cfof]usf k/LIffdf pTs[i6 :yfg xfl;n ub{} b]zJofkL k|lt:kwf{ ;kmn eO{ lghfdtL, lzIfs, ;/sf/L, u}/;/sf/L, pBf]u, Joj;foL h:tf If]qdf, j}bl] zs /f]huf/ tyf b]z tyf ljb]z cd]l/sf, ci6«l] nof, sf]l/of nufotsf b]zx?df /x]/ klg g]kfnsf] uf}/j a9fO/x]sf 5g\ . jt{dfg cj:yf kxf8L e'–efu, :jR5, ;kmf / ;'Gb/ jftfj/0f, ;d'bL| ;txb]lv sl/a @))) ld6/df cjl:yt, o; ljBfnodf xfn @&@ hgf afnaflnsfx? cWoog/t 5g\ eg] k|f=lj=txdf &, lgdflj txdf #, dfljdf ! lkl;Pkm ! lzIfs / afn ;xof]uL sfo{stf{ !, n]vf sd{rf/L ! / sfof{no ;xof]uL ! u/L !% hgf lzIfs sd{rf/L x'g'x'G5 . ljBfnodf @ j6f kSsL ejgx?, ! sRrL ejg, @ lgdf{0fflwg ejg /x]sf 5g\ . h;df !# j6f sf]7fx? k|of]udf 5g\ h'g ckof{Kt 5 eg] ^ j6f sf]7fx? lgdf{0fflwg 5g\ -cfly{s ;|ft] sf] cefjdf lgdf{0f /f]lsPsf] cj:yfdf 5._ kmlg{r/, k':tsfno, sDKo'6/ tyf lj1fg k|of]uzfnf klg kof{Kt x'g g;s]sf] cj:yfdf ljBfnosf] z}lIfs tyf l;sfO{ pknAwL /fd|f] /x]sf] 5 . ljBfnosf] nflu v]n d}bfg tyf ef}lts lgdf{0fsf nflu hUuf ! /f]kgL # cfgf vl/b sfo{ ev{/} ePsf] 5 t/klg ckof{Kt 5 . ljBfnonfO{ sIff cku|8] u/L dfWolds tx sIff !@ ;Dd olx jif{ sIffGgf]lt ug{] ljBfnosf] c7f]6 5 . ljBfnosf] cfkm\gf] ;Lldt ;|ft] ;fwgnfO{ clwstd ;b'kof]u ub{} cleefjs tyf :yfgLo lgsfox? ;xsf/L tyf u}/;/sf/L ;+3;+:yfx?sf] ;fy /

;xof]udf ;dofg'sn' cfkm"nfO{ kl/dflh{t Pj+ ljsf; ub{} cfkm\gf] ;]jf If]qdf /x]sf tdfd afnaflnsfx?nfO{ ;dofg'sn" , u'0f:t/Lo, ;dfj]zL, afnd}qL k2ltaf6 z}lIfs hfu/0f Nofpg ljBfno k|of;/t 5 . o; rfn' z}lIfs jif{ @)&# df ljBfnon] cfkm\gf] :yfkgfsf] %) jif{ kf/ ub{} ubf{sf] kfjg pknIodf d+;L/ dlxgfsf] @$ ut]bl] v kf}if ! ut];Dd >Ldb\efujt ;Ktfx 1fg dxfo1sf ;fy ljBfnosf] z}lIfs, cfly{s / ef}lts :t/f]Ggltsf nflu cj;/sf ?kdf lnFb} xiff{N] nf; Pj+ eJo ?kdf dgfpg uO/x]sf] 5 . t;y{ o; :j0f{ dxf]T;jnfO{ ;Eo / eJo ?kdf ;kmn kfg{ tyf ljBfnosf] ;du| ;'wf/ / :t/f]Ggltsf efjL of]hgfx?nfO{ oyfy{df ?kfGt/0f u/fpg ;d:t ;+3;+:yf, a'l4hLlj, ;dfh;]jL, lzIffk|]dL, cleefjs, ljBfyL{, k"j{ ljBfyL{, k"j{ kbflwsf/Lx?, ;Dk"0f{ /fhg}lts bn tyf s[i0fuf]kfnnfO{ dfof ug{] z'elrGts, ;d:t dxfg'efjx?df ;fy, ;xof]u / ;lqmo ;xeflutfsf lgldQ xflb{s cg'/f]w ub{5f}+ . efjL of]hgf kj"{ kf|ylds afn ljsf; sG]b| ECD nfO{ ljBfnosf] cfwf/lznfsf] ?kdf ljsf; u/L ;f|t] ;fwg ;DkGg / Jojl:yt ug] { . != ljBfnonfO{ cfpg] jif{ sIff !! / !@ qmdzM yk u/L sIffGgf]lt ug{] . @= ljBfnosf] ef}lts ljsf;sf nflu lgdf{0fflwg ^ sf]7] kSsL ejg k"/f ug{] . #= u}/ ;/sf/L ;+:yf Himali Village sf] ;xof]u / ;dGjogdf % sf]7] kSsL ejg lgdf{0f ug{] . $= 5fqfd}qL zf}rfnosf] lgdf{0f ug{] . %= ljBfnosf] nflu v]Ng] rf}/ / ef}lts lgdf{0fsf nflu yk hUuf vl/b ug{] . ^= :j0f{ dxf]T;j :dfl/sf k|sfzg ug{] . &= afnd}qL lzIff k|bfg ug{], afnd}qL ljBfno lgdf{0fdf hf]8 lbg] . *= !–$ sIff;Dd k¥'ofOPsf] cu+h]|L dfWodsf] lzIf0fnfO{ cuFh]|L lzIf0f ;Lk ljsf; ub}{ dfWolds tx ;Dd qmdzM nh}fg] (= sDKo'6/ Nofa lj:tf/ u/L ljifo lzIf0f / lzIf0fsf] dfWodsf ?kdf qmdzM ljsf; u/L lzIf0fdf ICT sf] k|of]u ug{] . !)= Jojl:yt lj1fg k|of]uzfnf lgdf{0f u/L k|of]udf hf]8 lbg] . !!= v]ns"b tyf cltl/Qm lqmofsnfksf] ljsf; ug{] . !@= afnaflnsfsf] lglDt afn pBfgsf] ljsf; ug{] . -n]vs >Ls[i0f uf]kfn df=lj= 9'v + s{–@, dxf+sfn:yfgsf k|wfgfWofks x'g\ ._

/fhg zfSo

ljgfb ] k/fhn ' L

xfdf| cfb/0fLo bfh' ljgfb ] k/fhn ' L / /fhg zfSo lhNnf ;xsf/L ;3 + ln=, sfes ]| f] #% cf+} jflifs { ;fwf/0f ;efaf6 ul/dfdo cWoIf tyf ;r + fns ;ldlt ;b:o kbdf lgjfl{rt xg'e'Psfd]f xflbs { awfO{ 1fkg ub}{ sfos { fn ;kmntfsf] ze'sfdgf JoQm ub5 { f+} .

d'Ggf u'Ktf÷hgfb{g s]=;L=

sfdwg ] ' :jL6; \ Kofn; ] kl/jf/, agk]f, sfe]| xflb{s awfO{

gs ] kf Pdfn] put|f/f hgfufn ufpF sld6Lsf ;lrj lblnk zdf{ lhNnf ;xsf/L ;3 + ln=, sfes |] f] #% cf+} jflifs { ;fwf/0f ;efaf6 ul/dfdo ;lrj kbdf lgjfl{rt xg'e'Psfd]f xflbs { awfO{ 1fkg ub}{ sfos { fn ;kmntfsf] ze'sfdgf JoQm ub5 { f+} .

rGb|axfb'/ v8\sf cWoIf tyf

gs ] kf Pdfn] put | f/f hgfufn ufp“ sld6L kl/jf/, put | f/f hgfufn

xflb{s awfO{

xflb{s awfO{

o; ljBfnosf Joj:yfkg ;ldlt cWoIf /fdsi[0f clwsf/L lhNnf ;xsf/L ;3 + ln=, sfes ]| f] #% cf+} jflifs { ;fwf/0f ;efaf6 ul/dfdo ;r + fns ;ldltsf] sfi]ffWoIf kbdf cToflws dt NofO{ ljhoL xg'e'Psfd]f xflbs { awfO{ 1fkg ub}{ k0"f{ sfos { fn ;kmntfsf] ze'sfdgf JoQm ub5 { f+} .

;f|t] Joj:yfkg tyf ;zlQms/0f sG]b| -l/d/s ] _ sf cWoIf lblnk zdf{ lhNnf ;xsf/L ;3 + ln=, sfes ]| f] #% cf+} jflifs { ;fwf/0f ;efaf6 ;lrj kbdf lgjfl{rt xg'e'Psfd]f xflbs { awfO{ 1fkg ub}{ sfos { fn ;kmntfsf] ze'sfdgf JoQm ub5 { f+} . uf]s'n uf}td k|aGw lgb{]zs

gf/fo0fs[i0f k|wfg k|wfgfWofks

afnpHjn dfWolds ljBfno kl/jf/ kl/jf/, bfKrf sflzv08 g=kf=!), sfe|]

;f|t ] Joj:yfkg tyf uf|dL0f ;zlQms/0f sG]b| -l/d/s ] _ kl/jf/ wl'nvn ] , sfe]|


!!

r]i6f ;fKtflxs

jif{ @# c+s ^ @)&# d+;L/ !^ ut] ljxLjf/

a]yfgrf]s gf/fo0f:yfg, 9'v + s{ / >Ls[i0f uf]kfn df=lj= rGb|k; | fb ltdlN;gf ef}uf]lns cjl:ylt / kl/ro g]kfnsf &% lhNnf dWo] #( lhNnf kxf8L lhNnf 5g\ . To;dWo] sfe|]knf~rf]s Ps xf] . b]zsf] ;+3Lo k|b]z ljefhg cg';f/ of] lhNnf k|b]z g+= # sf] afudtL c~rndf kb{5 . /fhwfgL b]lv k"j{ /x]sf] o; lhNnfnfO{ ^ g=kf= / * ufpFkflnsf u/L !$ j6f :yfgLo txdf k'g;{+/rgf ug{] k|:tfj lhNnf k|fljlws ;ldltn] u/]sf] 5 . h;dWo] a]yfgrf]s 9'+vs{ klg Ps xf] . of] ufpFkflnsf sfe|]sf] ;b/d'sfd w'lnv]nb]lv sl/a !^ ls=ld=df /x]sf] 5 eg] xfnsf] uflj; ;d'b|L ;txaf6 !*)) b]lv #)!* ld6/ prfO{df kb{5 . o; uflj;df /x]sf] dxfef/t kj{t >[+vnf / sfe|] lhNnfs} ;a}eGbf cUnf] :yfg a]yfgrf]s gf/fo0f:yfg o;} uflj;df kb{5g\ . hxfFaf6 lxdfn tyf t/fO{sf zx/x? b]Vg ;lsG5 . xfn o;} uflj; 9'+vs{, Rofd|fªj]zL, rnfn, u0f]z:yfg, Rofl;+vs{, dxf+sfn, e'Ub]p j8f ! b]lv & ;Dd / aNynL % g+= j8f ;d]6]/ a]yfgrf]s ufpFkflnsfsf] k|:tfj k'g;+{/rgf cfof]udf uPsf] 5 . h;sf] hg;+Vof @)^* cg';f/ sl/a !& xhf/ /xg]5 . o; If]qdf ;Nnf], l7d'/], plt;, s6';, u'/fF;, v;', b'lbnf], nK;L, lrpnL lz/Lif h:tf jg:kltx? / nf]8;Nnf lr/fOtf], wl;ª/], h6fd;L, s'l/nf], kfvg, j]b, l6d'/, g'gl9s], afa/L, t]hkQf, nf]Stf, kfFrcf}+n], 7"nf] cf]vtf], P]+;]n', lgdsf7, ;b'jf h:tf] ax'dN" o hl8a'6L kfOG5g\ . oxfFsf h+undf d[u, aFb]n, b'D;L, af3, efn', :ofn, v/fof], lrQn, 3f]/n, afFb/ h:tf aGohGt' / sflnh, 8fFkm], do"/, x'lrn, nf6f]sf];]/f], afh, 9's'/, sfu, k/]jf, as'Nnf, lu4, h'/]nL, ;f/f}+, eFu]/f, uf}ynL, nfdk'R5«] h:tf kG5Lx? kfOG5g\ . hfthfltsf b[li6n] ax'hftLo ljz]iftf ePsf] ax';fDk|bflos hfthfltsf] a;f]af; /x]sf] kfOG5 . o; If]qdf ljz]iftM cfo{ d+uf]lnog ;Dk|bfo cGtu{tsf hfthfltx? a|fDx0f, If]qL, tfdfª, g]jf/, du/, kl/of/, ljZjsdf{ nufotsf hfthflt ldl>t a;f]jf; /x]sf] 5 . ljz]iftM lxGb' / af}4 wd{ ;Dk|bfosf] afx'Notf /x]sf] o; If]qdf l56km'6 ?kdf lqmlZrog wd{n] klg k|jz ] u/]sf] b]lvG5 . ljleGg wfld{s d7dlGb/, u'Daf, r}Tosf ;fy wfld{s ;lxi0f'tf /x]sf] o; :yfgsf

dflg;x?n] bz},+ ltxf/, hg} k"l0f{df, lth, a'4hoGtL, Nxf];f/h:tf rf8kj{x? dfGb5g\ . slnnf] anf}6] / lrD6fOnf] df6f] /xsf] oxfFsf] k|dv ' afnLdf ds}, ux',F wfg, hf}, sf]bf], kmfk/ tyf gub]jfnLdf tf]/L, l;dL, af]8L, s]/fpsf] pTkfbg x'g] u/]sf] 5 eg] xfnsf] ;dodf t/sf/L v]tLtkm{ oxfFsf ls;fgx? cfn', aGbf, d"nf, sfpnL, uf]ne]8f, n;'g, Kofh v]tL u/L sf7df8f}d+ f cfk"lt{ ub{5 {} g\ eg] kz'kfng u/L b'w / v'jf /fhwfgLdf k'¥ofpF5g\ . gf;kf;L, cfn' kv8f, c?, xn'jfj]b, sfutL / sfkmn h:tf kmnkm"nx? oxfF kfOG5g\ . a] y fgrf] s gf/fo:yfg, P]ltxfl;s, dxf+sfn :yfg, d'Qm]Zj/ dxfb]j:yfg, jfu]g u'kmf, sfdL8fF8f, Rofl;+vs{ sfe|] lhNnfsf] ;b'/d'sfd w'lnv]n b]lv @@ ls=dL= blIf0f dxfef/tsf] cfwf/ e"ld, lhnfsf] ;a}eGbf cUnf] ko{6sLo dgf]/d :yn tyf wfld{s kfy{nL u'Da'8fF8f, u]N8'ªahf/, u'jf e~Hofª o; If]qsf wfld{s tyf ko{6sLo :ynx? x'g\ eg] >Ls[i0fuf]kfn df=lj= 9'v + s{–@, >L kfj{tL ax'dv ' L SofDk;, a]yfgrf]s gf/fo0f:yfg cfwf/e"t ljBfno, >L hglk|o k|f=lj= uf]/vgfy k|f=lj=, 1fgHof]lt k|f=lj=, afnlxt k|f=lj=, ho/fd k|f=lj= 9'v + s{ O=af]= :s"n, >L ;/:jtL df=lj=, sflnsf df=lj=, u0f]z cfwf/e"t ljBfno, ledl;g]Zj/ df=lj= cfTdf ljsf; df=lj=, afn pGglt cfwf/e"t dflj= ;/:jtL df=lj=, l;tf k|f=lj= nufotsf y'k}| ljBfnox?n] lzIff ;]jf tyf z}lIfs ultljlw ul//x]sf 5g\ . h;dWo] oxfF o;k6s >Ls[i0f uf]kfn df=lj= 9'v + s{sf] lrgf/L k|:t't ul/G5 M >L s[ i 0fuf] k fn df=lj= 9' + v s{ – @ dxf+sfn:yfg Ps kl/ro P]ltxfl;s cj:yf ;'?df lj=;+= @)@)÷)@! ;fnlt/ k"hf/Lsf ?kdf /x]sf of]uLaf6 dxf+sfnsf] kf6Ldf k9fO{sf] ;'?jft ePsf] of] ljBfno ;'?sf] cj:yfdf If]qkfn yfgL dxf+sfnsf] kf6Ldf ;+rfng ePsf], pQm kf6L lgdf{0f ug{, 5fgf 5fpg, dd{t ;Def/ ug{, h:tfkftf vl/b ug{ :yfgLo ;dfh;]jLx?n] tTsfnLg cj:yfdf 7"n} /sd, rGbf tyf cGgbfg ;d]t ;+sng u/]sf] kfOG5 . lj=;+= @)@# kf}if ! ut]nfO{ o; ljBfnosf] cf}krfl/s :yfkgfsf] cfwf/ lnPsf] ljBfnosf] clen]vaf6 k'li6 x'G5 . lj=;+= @)$! ;fndf k|f=lj=fa6 lgDg dfWolds tx ;+rfngfy{ c:yfoL cg'dlt kfPsf] of] ljBfno @)$$ ;fndf k|f=lj= txdf g} e]mNg'k/]sf] lj=;+= @)%) ;fn k'if !$ ut]sf] cleefjs e]nf kZrft h'emf? o'jfx? /fdx/L zdf{, xl/s[i0f ltdlN;gf / uf]kfnk|;fb ltdlN;gf cflb lzIffk|d] Lx?sf] cu'jfO{df cfly{s ;+sng

xflb{s awfO{

;dofg's'n cfkm"nfO{ kl/dflh{t Pj+ ljsf; ub{} cfkm\gf] ;]jf If]qdf /x]sf tdfd afnaflnsfx?nfO{ ;dofg's"n, u'0f:t/Lo, ;dfj]zL, afnd}qL k2ltaf6 z}lIfs hfu/0f Nofpg ljBfno k|of;/t 5 .

u/L ;DalGwt lgsfoaf6 @)%) df lg=df=lj= / lj=;+= @)^% df df=lj=sf] cg'dlt lnO{ lj=;+= @)^^ b]lv b]zsf] /fli6«o k/LIff P;Pn;L k/LIffdf ;xefuL eO{ /fli6«o glthfdf /fd|f] glthf NofO/x]sf] 5 . o; ljBfnosf] k|f=lj= lg=df=lj= tyf df=lj= txsf txut / sIffut l;sfO{ pknAwL /fd|f] /x]sf] 5 . xfn;Dd o; ljBfnoaf6 lj=;+= @)^^ b]lv ljBfyL{x?n] P;Pn;L k/LIffdf ;xefuL eO{ ljBfyL{ pQL0f{ ePsf 5g\ . o; ljBfnodf cWoog u/]sf ljBfyL{x? cToGt} nugzLn, cg'zfl;t Odfgbf/ / d]xgtL b]lvPsf 5g\ . oxfF cWoog u/]sf ljBfyL{x?n] sn]h :t/sf ;fwf/0f tyf k|fljlws, Joj;flos pRr lzIffsf] cWoogdf klg sn]h 6k k|yd x'g,] cltl/Qm tyf xflh/Lhjfkmx?df pTs[i6 :yfg xfl;n ug{] nf]s;]jf nufotsf ;]jf cfof]usf k/LIffdf pTs[i6 :yfg xfl;n ub{} b]zJofkL k|lt:kwf{ ;kmn eO{ lghfdtL, lzIfs, ;/sf/L, u}/;/sf/L, pBf]u, Joj;foL h:tf If]qdf, j}bl] zs /f]huf/ tyf b]z tyf ljb]z cd]l/sf, ci6«l] nof, sf]l/of nufotsf b]zx?df /x]/ klg g]kfnsf] uf}/j a9fO/x]sf 5g\ . jt{dfg cj:yf kxf8L e'–efu, :jR5, ;kmf / ;'Gb/ jftfj/0f, ;d'bL| ;txb]lv sl/a @))) ld6/df cjl:yt, o; ljBfnodf xfn @&@ hgf afnaflnsfx? cWoog/t 5g\ eg] k|f=lj=txdf &, lgdflj txdf #, dfljdf ! lkl;Pkm ! lzIfs / afn ;xof]uL sfo{stf{ !, n]vf sd{rf/L ! / sfof{no ;xof]uL ! u/L !% hgf lzIfs sd{rf/L x'g'x'G5 . ljBfnodf @ j6f kSsL ejgx?, ! sRrL ejg, @ lgdf{0fflwg ejg /x]sf 5g\ . h;df !# j6f sf]7fx? k|of]udf 5g\ h'g ckof{Kt 5 eg] ^ j6f sf]7fx? lgdf{0fflwg 5g\ -cfly{s ;|ft] sf] cefjdf lgdf{0f /f]lsPsf] cj:yfdf 5._ kmlg{r/, k':tsfno, sDKo'6/ tyf lj1fg k|of]uzfnf klg kof{Kt x'g g;s]sf] cj:yfdf ljBfnosf] z}lIfs tyf l;sfO{ pknAwL /fd|f] /x]sf] 5 . ljBfnosf] nflu v]n d}bfg tyf ef}lts lgdf{0fsf nflu hUuf ! /f]kgL # cfgf vl/b sfo{ ev{/} ePsf] 5 t/klg ckof{Kt 5 . ljBfnonfO{ sIff cku|8] u/L dfWolds tx sIff !@ ;Dd olx jif{ sIffGgf]lt ug{] ljBfnosf] c7f]6 5 . ljBfnosf] cfkm\gf] ;Lldt ;|ft] ;fwgnfO{ clwstd ;b'kof]u ub{} cleefjs tyf :yfgLo lgsfox? ;xsf/L tyf u}/;/sf/L ;+3;+:yfx?sf] ;fy /

;xof]udf ;dofg'sn' cfkm"nfO{ kl/dflh{t Pj+ ljsf; ub{} cfkm\gf] ;]jf If]qdf /x]sf tdfd afnaflnsfx?nfO{ ;dofg'sn" , u'0f:t/Lo, ;dfj]zL, afnd}qL k2ltaf6 z}lIfs hfu/0f Nofpg ljBfno k|of;/t 5 . o; rfn' z}lIfs jif{ @)&# df ljBfnon] cfkm\gf] :yfkgfsf] %) jif{ kf/ ub{} ubf{sf] kfjg pknIodf d+;L/ dlxgfsf] @$ ut]bl] v kf}if ! ut];Dd >Ldb\efujt ;Ktfx 1fg dxfo1sf ;fy ljBfnosf] z}lIfs, cfly{s / ef}lts :t/f]Ggltsf nflu cj;/sf ?kdf lnFb} xiff{N] nf; Pj+ eJo ?kdf dgfpg uO/x]sf] 5 . t;y{ o; :j0f{ dxf]T;jnfO{ ;Eo / eJo ?kdf ;kmn kfg{ tyf ljBfnosf] ;du| ;'wf/ / :t/f]Ggltsf efjL of]hgfx?nfO{ oyfy{df ?kfGt/0f u/fpg ;d:t ;+3;+:yf, a'l4hLlj, ;dfh;]jL, lzIffk|]dL, cleefjs, ljBfyL{, k"j{ ljBfyL{, k"j{ kbflwsf/Lx?, ;Dk"0f{ /fhg}lts bn tyf s[i0fuf]kfnnfO{ dfof ug{] z'elrGts, ;d:t dxfg'efjx?df ;fy, ;xof]u / ;lqmo ;xeflutfsf lgldQ xflb{s cg'/f]w ub{5f}+ . efjL of]hgf kj"{ kf|ylds afn ljsf; sG]b| ECD nfO{ ljBfnosf] cfwf/lznfsf] ?kdf ljsf; u/L ;f|t] ;fwg ;DkGg / Jojl:yt ug] { . != ljBfnonfO{ cfpg] jif{ sIff !! / !@ qmdzM yk u/L sIffGgf]lt ug{] . @= ljBfnosf] ef}lts ljsf;sf nflu lgdf{0fflwg ^ sf]7] kSsL ejg k"/f ug{] . #= u}/ ;/sf/L ;+:yf Himali Village sf] ;xof]u / ;dGjogdf % sf]7] kSsL ejg lgdf{0f ug{] . $= 5fqfd}qL zf}rfnosf] lgdf{0f ug{] . %= ljBfnosf] nflu v]Ng] rf}/ / ef}lts lgdf{0fsf nflu yk hUuf vl/b ug{] . ^= :j0f{ dxf]T;j :dfl/sf k|sfzg ug{] . &= afnd}qL lzIff k|bfg ug{], afnd}qL ljBfno lgdf{0fdf hf]8 lbg] . *= !–$ sIff;Dd k¥'ofOPsf] cu+h]|L dfWodsf] lzIf0fnfO{ cuFh]|L lzIf0f ;Lk ljsf; ub}{ dfWolds tx ;Dd qmdzM nh}fg] (= sDKo'6/ Nofa lj:tf/ u/L ljifo lzIf0f / lzIf0fsf] dfWodsf ?kdf qmdzM ljsf; u/L lzIf0fdf ICT sf] k|of]u ug{] . !)= Jojl:yt lj1fg k|of]uzfnf lgdf{0f u/L k|of]udf hf]8 lbg] . !!= v]ns"b tyf cltl/Qm lqmofsnfksf] ljsf; ug{] . !@= afnaflnsfsf] lglDt afn pBfgsf] ljsf; ug{] . -n]vs >Ls[i0f uf]kfn df=lj= 9'v + s{–@, dxf+sfn:yfgsf k|wfgfWofks x'g\ ._

/fhg zfSo

ljgfb ] k/fhn ' L

xfdf| cfb/0fLo bfh' ljgfb ] k/fhn ' L / /fhg zfSo lhNnf ;xsf/L ;3 + ln=, sfes ]| f] #% cf+} jflifs { ;fwf/0f ;efaf6 ul/dfdo cWoIf tyf ;r + fns ;ldlt ;b:o kbdf lgjfl{rt xg'e'Psfd]f xflbs { awfO{ 1fkg ub}{ sfos { fn ;kmntfsf] ze'sfdgf JoQm ub5 { f+} .

d'Ggf u'Ktf÷hgfb{g s]=;L=

sfdwg ] ' :jL6; \ Kofn; ] kl/jf/, agk]f, sfe]| xflb{s awfO{

gs ] kf Pdfn] put|f/f hgfufn ufpF sld6Lsf ;lrj lblnk zdf{ lhNnf ;xsf/L ;3 + ln=, sfes |] f] #% cf+} jflifs { ;fwf/0f ;efaf6 ul/dfdo ;lrj kbdf lgjfl{rt xg'e'Psfd]f xflbs { awfO{ 1fkg ub}{ sfos { fn ;kmntfsf] ze'sfdgf JoQm ub5 { f+} .

rGb|axfb'/ v8\sf cWoIf tyf

gs ] kf Pdfn] put | f/f hgfufn ufp“ sld6L kl/jf/, put | f/f hgfufn

xflb{s awfO{

xflb{s awfO{

o; ljBfnosf Joj:yfkg ;ldlt cWoIf /fdsi[0f clwsf/L lhNnf ;xsf/L ;3 + ln=, sfes ]| f] #% cf+} jflifs { ;fwf/0f ;efaf6 ul/dfdo ;r + fns ;ldltsf] sfi]ffWoIf kbdf cToflws dt NofO{ ljhoL xg'e'Psfd]f xflbs { awfO{ 1fkg ub}{ k0"f{ sfos { fn ;kmntfsf] ze'sfdgf JoQm ub5 { f+} .

;f|t] Joj:yfkg tyf ;zlQms/0f sG]b| -l/d/s ] _ sf cWoIf lblnk zdf{ lhNnf ;xsf/L ;3 + ln=, sfes ]| f] #% cf+} jflifs { ;fwf/0f ;efaf6 ;lrj kbdf lgjfl{rt xg'e'Psfd]f xflbs { awfO{ 1fkg ub}{ sfos { fn ;kmntfsf] ze'sfdgf JoQm ub5 { f+} . uf]s'n uf}td k|aGw lgb{]zs

gf/fo0fs[i0f k|wfg k|wfgfWofks

afnpHjn dfWolds ljBfno kl/jf/ kl/jf/, bfKrf sflzv08 g=kf=!), sfe|]

;f|t ] Joj:yfkg tyf uf|dL0f ;zlQms/0f sG]b| -l/d/s ] _ kl/jf/ wl'nvn ] , sfe]|


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jif{ @# c+s ^ @)&# d+;L/ !^ ut] ljxLjf/

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d]/f] syf,d]/f] Joyf motiramtimalsina@gmail.com

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s~rgsf] dg g} s~rg gePkl5=== g]kfnsf] sfg'g b}jn] hfg'g . cem dlxnf clwsf/afbLx?n] u/]sf] v]ltn] kl5Nnf] ;do k'?ifx? kLl8t dfq} ePsf 5}gg\ ;fdflhs ;+/rgfdf pleg ;d]t sl7g x'g yfn]sf] 5 . aGg nfu]sf 3/x? elTsPsf 5g\ . ;DjGwx? rls{Psf 5g\ . ldn]sf] kl/jf/ IftljIft ePsf] 5 . sof}+ k'?ifx? dlxnfx?sf] cGofo, cTofrf/ lj?4 af]Ng ;s]sf 5}gg\ . cfjfh p7fpg ;s]sf 5}gg\ . gf/Lx? ;a} p:t} x'Fbf /x]g5g\ . x'gt k'?ifx? klg ;a} p:t} t sxfF 5g\ / t/ klg dlxnfx?n] @)^@÷)^# sf] hgcfGbf]ng kl5 k|fKt clwsf/nfO{ ;b'kof]u geO{ b'?kof]u ubf{ cfd k'?ifx?n] kLl8t aGg' k/]sf] 5 . dlxnfx?n] clwsf/ k|flKt ug{ dfu ul//xFbf bfloTj e'n] . ;fdflhs k/Dk/f / /Lltl/jfh tf]8] . :jtGqtfsf gfddf xb} u/] . t/ klg ljb]zL /sdaf6 ;+rflnt s]lx ;fdflhs ;+:yfsf 7]s]bf/x? eGb}5g\ dlxnfx? zf]lift 5g\ . kLl8t 5g\ . xf] dlxnfx?sf] cem} cj:yf ;'w|g ;s]sf] 5}g . cfo cfh{g a[l4 x'g ;s]sf] 5}g . ;DklQdf dlxnfx?sf] xs clwsf/ gx'Fbf;Dd k'?ifx?sf] ba]6fdf a:g' k/]sf] 5 . To;f] eGb}df :jtGq ePsf dlxnfx?n] h] u/] klg k'?ifx?n] ;xg' kg{] xf] < lhNnfdf To:tf w]/} 36gfx? 36\g yfn]sf ;dfrf/x? cfO{/x]sf lyP . ;xdlt x'Fbf ;Dd Tof] ;DjGwdf dHhf n'6\g] gf/Lx? v6k6 x'g] ljltSs} afu{]lgË ug{] / s'/f gldNbf anfTsf/ eof] eGb} ph'/L btf{ ug{] qmd b]ze/L g} a9\g yfn]sf] 5 . cem ;fdfGo emu8fnfO{ klg ha{hl:t s/0fsf] cfzo /fVof] eGb} ha{hl:t s/0fL pBf]udf d'2f btf{ ug{] qmdn] lhNnf sf/fuf/ sfof{no sfe|]df dfq} &) eGbf w]/} s}bL aGbL 5g\ . dlxnfx?n] eg]sf] d'vsf] dfq} k|df0fsf cfwf/df k'?ifx? lj?4 d'2f rnfpFb} hfg] xf] eg] cyjf ljZjf; ub{} hfg] xf] eg] of] ;dfhdf Ps lbg k'?ifx? eGg] g} OdfGbf/L gePsf eg]/ lrlgg k'U5g\ . s~rgn] Tolx ul/g\ . hf] pgsf] / d]/f] ;DjGwsf af/]df x'Fb} gePsf] xNnf rnfpFb} cfkm'nfO{ ;lt ;fljqLsf] aofg lbg yfn]sf] l5g\ . Pglhcf]n] l;sfPsf] e/df s~rgn] d, d]/f b'O{ 5f]/f lj?4 lbPsf] cleAolQmn] ;fdflhs ?kdf k'u]sf] Iflt s'g} lx;fan] klg lng ;lsb}g . Tolx sf/0f h]7f] 5f]/fn] klxn] klg k6s k6s cfTdxTofsf] k|of; u/]sf] lyof] . l8k|];gsf] r/d l;dfdf k'Ubf ;d]t p;nfO{ ;fdfGoLs/0f u/]/ cWoogdf lg/Gt/tf lbO{Psf] lyof] . of] 36gfn] pgL ;d]t yk tgfjdf 5g\ . OlGhlgol/Ësf] clGtd txsf] k/LIffsf] tof/Ldf /x]sf h]7f] 5f]/f of] 36gf kl5 km];a's g} aGb u/]/ al;lbPsf 5g\ . >Ldfg >LdtLsf] ;DjGw ljR5]b kl5sf] ;DjGwnfO{ klxnfs} cj:yfdf x]g{] ul/Psf] 5 . cem rfx]/ klg k'?ifn] >LdtL;Fu

;DjGw ljR5]b ug{ kfpFb}g . dlxnfn] rfx] Ps lbgd} ;DjGw ljR5]b x'g] sfg'gdf k'?ifx?n] uflj; jf gu/kflnsf x'Fb} ;DjGw ljR5]bsf] lgj]bg lbg'k5{ . ;DjGw ljR5]b eP/ cnu eO{;s]sf] rf/ jif{ !) dlxgf kl5 pgn] k"j{ >Ldfgsf gfddf dnfO{ tyfgfd ubf{ klg clwsf/LafbLx? 8n/sf] 3'6'3'6' y's lgln/x]sf 5g\ . ;fdflhs ;+:yf ;+rfngsf nflu 5bd 36gfx? tof/ u/L ljb]zLnfO{ u'dgfd agfO{ g]kfnLx?nfO{ cfk;df emu8f u/fpg] 8n/jfbL ;+:yfx?sf sf/0f kl5Nnf] ;do k'?ifx? kLl8t x'bF } uPsf 5g\ . k'?if kLl8t ePsf ph'/Lx? kg{] u/]sf] eP klg ulDe/ eP/ dlxnfsf] ulNt ePsf] xf] eGb} Gofo kfPsf k'?ifx?sf] ;+Vof Psbd} sd 5 . d lg/Gt/ d]xgt u/]/ ;/sf/L ;]jfsf] k|ltli7t kbdf k'u]sf] AolQmsf] rl/qxTof ug{] pb]Zon] k|:t't ePsL pgLn] lbPsf] cGt{jftf{n] l;Ëf] ;dfhsf] dfgl;stf g} kl/jt{g ePsf] 5 . pgs} sf/0f @% jif{sf] pd]/ b]lv d}n] k|];/sf] cf}ifwL vfPsf] 5' . dlxnfx?n] h] af]n]klg, h] u/] klg kTofpg' kg{] xf] ls < ;fdflhs ;+:yfx?n] prfn]sf] e/df dlxnfx?n] Gofo kfpg] x'g\ < clwsf/sf gfddf ljs[lt / lj;+ult lelqPsf] eGb} ;/f]sf/jfnfx?n] lrGtf AoQm u/]sf 5g\ . sflGtk'/ 6]lnlehgdf kqsf/ ;'dg v/]nn] d]/f] k'j{ >LdtL s~rg zdf{ /]lUdsf] cGt{jftf{ k|sfzg ubf{ dnfO{ nfu]sf] cfIf]k k'0f{t em'6f / unt x'g\ . d pgsf] cleAolQm / Tof] cGt{jf{tfsf sf/0f k'u]sf] rf]6 k|lt dfgxfgL ;lxt Ifltk'lt{sf nflu cbfnt hfg] tof/L u/]sf] 5' . xfdL cToGt} kL8fdf 5f}, sfG5f] 5f]/f cem} d'l5{t 5g\ . d}n] sfof{nosf] sfd ;d]t ug{ ;ls/x]sf] 5}g . @)^& ;fn c;f/ # ut] lhNnf cbfnt afh/'fdf d/]f] s~rg;uF btf{ ePsf] ;DjGw ljR5b] d2'f @)^* ;fn df3 # ut] ;b/ ePsf] lyof] . rf/ jif{ !) dlxgf kl5 s~rgn] xbF'} gePsf s/'fx? 6l]nlehg dfkmt{ k;|f/0f u/k]l5 xfdL dl'5t{ ePsf] xf+} . afh/'f lhNnf cbfntsf tTsflng GofofwLz /fdZ]j/ cdfTosf] Ohnfzaf6 xfdf|] ;DjGw ljR5b] eP kl5 dn}] sGofbfg u//]} bf> ] f] ljjfx ul/;ss ] f] 5' . h;sf nflu pgsf dfOt{Lx?n] klg klxNo} ;e'mfj lbPsf lyP . 5f/]fx?sf] eljZosf nflu dn}] bf> ] f] ljjfx cfjZos 7fg+] . bf> ] f] ljjfx kl5 xfdLaf6 csf]{ ;Gtfg hlGdPsf] 5 . p tLg jifs { f] 5 . d wl'nvn] l:yt vfgk]fgL tyf ;/;kmfO{ l8lehg sfofn{odf sfo/{t 5' . To;cl3 d l;Gwk'fNrfs ] lhNnfdf sfo/{t lyPF . s~rgn] cGtj{ftfd{f egs ] f clwsfz + egfOx{? unt xg'\ . sfG5f] 5f/]f t sfl]x;uF afN]g klg ;ss ] f] 5g} . sfofn{osf] sfdn] d /fhwfgL aflx/ uPsf an]f s~rgsf] ;DjGw k/k?'if;uF xg' yfns ] f] /x5] . 3/d} cfP/ k/k?'ifx?n] u/s ] f] Aojxf/n] 5f/]fx? ;dt] km:|6;]g eP . pgL 8fG;, /:]6/'G]6 hfbF} /lS;, r/'f6] / dfbs kbfyn{] cwr { t] xg'] /lx5g\ .

5f/]fx?n] g} cfkmg\} cfdfsf] xfnt To:tf] bv ] k]l5 d;uF ;Nnfx u//]} sfgg'L ?kdf ;DjGw ljR5b]sf nflu tof/ ePsf xf} . bO'{ 5f/]f dWo] h7]f] aË}nf/]df 5g\ . OlGhlgol/Ë ljifosf] clGtd txsf] kl/Iffsf] tof/Ldf /xs ] f pgL tgfjdf /xs ] f] eGb} ;Dks{ ljR5b] eO{ a;s ] f 5g\ . ;DjGw ljR5b] eO;{ss ] L cfOd{fOn{] s;/L klt eg/] ;Dafw]g ug{ ldN5 < pgn] kfpg' kg]{ cz + lnP/ uO;{ss ] L l5g,\ ePsf] ;a} ;Dklt l;WofPkl5 pgL kljq ;j]f ;dfh gfds Pglhcfs ] f] ;Dksd{f kl'ug\ . Tolx Pglhcfs ] L lbIff rfkfufO{ zdf{ dfkmt{ d/]f] dfgxfgL ul//xs ] L l5g\ . @)$& ;fndf s~rg;uF ljjfx u/s ] f] dfx]gsf] @! jifd{f ;DjGw ljR5b] ePsf] lyof] . P;Pn;L kf; u/s ] f] eGb} emS'ofP/ kN'rfs ] df OlGhlgol/oª ljifodf cWoog ul//xs ] f an]f pgL ;uF ljjfxsf] 6Ë'f] nufOP{sf] lyof] . d eGbf cl3Nnf] Aofhsf 3gZofd zdfn{] cfkmg\} ;fnL s~rgsf] ljjfx ug]{ s/'f NofPsf lyP . d ljO{ kf; u/k]l5 hflu/sf] l;nl;nfdf afh/'f ku's ] f] lyPF . s~rgn] P;Pn;L kf; u/k]l5 d cfkmn}] SofDk; k9g\ cg/'fw] u/k]l5 pgn] lks] SofDk; egf{ u/s ] L lyOg{\ . t/ s~rgn] cGtj{ftfd{f l7s pN6f] atfPsL 5g\ . gl;Ë{ k9/] 8f= efn]f l/hfn;uF sfd u/s ] f] s/'f k0'ft{ unt xf] . pgnfO{ gl;Ë{ ljifosf ;fdfGo 1fg ;dt] 5g} . ljjfx kl5 s~rgn] k0'f{ ?kdf /lS; ;j]g u/L cgl}ts Aojxf/x? kb|zg{ ug{ yfnk]l5 ;DjGwdf b/f/ z?' eP klg d cfkmn}] gbv ] ;]Dd kTofPsf lyPgg\ . pgsf lbbLx? ba'n}fO{ pgsf] afgL Aoxf/]fsf af/d]f yfxf ePklg s~rgnfO{ ;w'fg]{ eGbf klg Tolx sfddf ;xofu] u/s ] } sf/0f s~rg emg\ cuf8L al9g\ . hflu/ vfO/{xs ] f sf/0f dn}] 3/ kl/jf/ xg]{ ;do lbg ;ss ] f] lyOg{F . hflu/af6 cfPsf] /sd ;dt] dn}] pgnfO{ g} 3/ vrs { f nflu k7fpg] u/s ] f] lyPF . dn}] k7fPsf] k;}fn] gku'/] pgn] ePsf ef8Ffs8F'f ;dt] ar ] /] /lS; vfg] / ofg}hGo so[fsnfk ug]{ u/s ] f yk'}| kd|f0fx? ;fIfL 5g\ . 5f/]fx?nfO{ ;dt] oftgf ePkl5 ;;/'fnLaf6 sflG5 ;fnL cfP/ /v ] bv ] u/s ] L lyOg{\ . lbbLsf] afgL yfxf kfPkl5 cfdfnfO{ ;a} s/'f egk]l5 d/]f] ;f;n'] dflkm dfUb} 5f/]LnfO{ ;w'fg]{ ko|f; u/s ] L lyOg{\ . ;f;n'] g} dnfO{ k6s k6s csf]{ ljjfx u//] gfltx?sf] ;/+If0f ug{ egk]lg dn}] dfgs ] f] lyOgF . s~rg;Fu ;DjGw ljR5]b ;d]t ug{ tof/ x'Fbf gdfg]kl5 sf7df8f}df clwsf/sdL{x?n] d lj?4 d'2f bfo/ u/]sf lyP . afh'/f cbfntdf ;DjGw ljR5]bsf] d'2f btf{ u/]sf] 8]9jif{ kl5 d]/f] kIfdf pQm d'2f ;b/ ePsf] lyof] . @)^* ;fnkl5 pgL /lS; vfP/ ;8sd} ;'ltg\ . ;DjGw ljR5]b kl5 klg s~rgnfO{{ ;xof]u ug{ ;;'/fnL;Fu 5nkmn u/]sf] lyPF d}n] . dnfO{ pN6} k};f dfluPsf] eP

;xdlt x'Fbf ;Dd Tof] ;DjGwdf dHhf n'6\g] gf/Lx? v6k6 x'g] ljltSs} afu{]lgË ug{] / s'/f gldNbf anfTsf/ eof] eGb} ph'/L btf{ ug{] qmd b]ze/L g} a9\g yfn]sf] 5

lyof] . s~rg Tolta]nf d}ltb]jLdf Pshgf k'?if;Fu a:b} cfPsL lyO{g\ . Tof] k'?ifn] klg s~rgnfO{ 5fl8lbPkl5 pgL ;8sd} /lS; vfP/ 9lng\ xf]nf . kfl/jf/Ls ?kdf tgfj ePkl5 5f]/fx?nfO{ l8k|];g eof] . ; D j G w ljR5]b kl5 sGofbfg u/]/} bf]>f] ljjfx u/]sf df]xgsf] csf{] >LdtLsf sf/0f 5f]/fx?sf] eljZo pHHjn eof] . h]7f] 5f]/f OlGhlgo/ k9\b5 } g eg] sfG5f] klg g]kfnd} k9\b5 } g\ . s~rgn] cGt{jftf{df af]ns ] f clwsf+z s'/fx? em'6f x'g,\ xfdL 6S;g r9\g] x}l;otdf 5}gf}, sfof{nosf] uf8L sfdsf] l;nl;nfdf afx]s r9]sf] 5}g, 5f]/f] sfG5f] ;]s0] 8Xof08 afO{s rl9/]xsf] 5 . s~rgn] eg]sf unt s'/fx?sf sf/0f xfdL clxn] ;fdflhs ?kd} kL8t ePsf 5f}+ . sfo{qmd k|:tf]tf ;'dg v/]nn] cGt{jftf{ lng' cl3 pgsf] k[i7e"ld x]/]/ xfdL;Fu ;Dks{ u/]/ dfq} k|zf/0f u/]sf] eP s] x'GYof] < ;:tf] nf]slk|otfsf nflu ;+rfng ePsf sfo{qmd, k|:tf]tf / Pglhcf]sf sf/0f xfdLn] ef]Ug' k/]sf] ;fdflhs / dfgl;s kL8fsf af/]df s;n] ;'G5 < s~rgn] eg]sf] dfq} unt xf]Og{ pgn] afrg u/]sf] uhn klg cs{s } f] l;h{gf xf] . csf{]sf] l;h{gf rf]/L u/]/ pgn] cfkm\g} /rgf ;d]t eGg EofO{g\ . ;;'/fnLx?sf] ;xdltd} s~rg;Fusf] ;DjGw ljR5]b u/]/ csf{] 3/hd u/]sf] x'F . d}n] dfq xf]O{g pgsf dfO{tLsf ;a} hgfn] s~rgsf] afgL Aoxf]/f ;'wfg{ g;s]kl5 5fl8lbPsf x'g\ . clwsf/sf gfddf dlxnf dfq} kLl8t ePsf] eGb} jsfnt ugx]{?n] xfdf|] kL8f / efu]fO,{ clg sfgg'L cfwf/, dN'o / dfGotf, dfgljotf xg]'{ k5{ ls kbg}{ < s~rgsf sf/0f d/]f] l;Ëf] kl/jf/ tx;gx; ePsf] 5 s;n} lbg ;S5 xfdf|] dfgljo dN'o <

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NIST SCHOOL Banepa Municipality-10 Nayabus Park, (Near to NIC Asia Bank), Banepa Ph: 011-663531

cGt/f{li6«o:t/sf] lzIfs aGg rfxg'x'G5 < tkfO{, ;dfh clg b]z ljsf;sf nflu rflxg] ;Ifd hgzlQmsf] lgdf{0f s]jn Ps k|ltj4, st{Jolgi7, pTs[i6 lzIfsaf6 dfq ;Dej 5 eGg] tYodf ljZjf; /fVg'x'G5 / Tof] pTs[i6 lzIfs d aG5' / ;dfh clg b]zsf] ljsf;sf nflu rflxg] ;Ifd clg cGt/f{li6«o:t/sf hgzlQm lgdf{0fsf] r'gf}tL lnG5' eGg] Ifdtf /fVg'x'G5 < olb tkfO{ Tof] r'gf}lt lnG5' eGg] Ifdtf /fVg'x'G5 eg] tkfO{nfO{ g]kfnsf] k|ltli7t z}lIfs ;+:yf NIST / ef/tsf] cGt/f{li6«o lk| :s"n Shemrock sf] ;xsfo{df ;+rflnt Shemrock NIST df lk| :s"n lzIfssf] /f]huf/L ;lxt tflnd -On the job training_ sf] ;'j0f{ cj;/ 5 . olb tkfO{;“u tn pNn]lvt dfkb08 ldN5 eg] lgj]bg lbg ;Sg'x'g]5 M – tkfO{ ;sf/fTds ;f]r / kl/jt{g ;j{k|yd cfkm}+af6 ;'? ug{'k5{ / ;Dej 5 eGg] ljZjf; /fVg'x'G5 < – tkfO{ lzIf0f ;a}eGbf dxTjk"0f{ k]zf dfGg'x'G5 / cfkm" Ps pTs[i6 lzIfs aGg] p2]Zo /fVg'x'G5 < – tkfO{nfO{ ;–;fgf gfgLx?, ljBfyL{x?;Fu ;do ljtfpFbf cfgGb nfU5 < – tkfO{nfO{ gofF gofF s'/fx? vf]Hg], l;Sg] / l;sfpg] ?rL 5 < – tkfO{ lstfaL eGbf Jojxfl/s, ;Lk / k|of]ufTds lzIffdf ljZjf; /fVg'x'G5 < – tkfO{;Fu /fd|f] / ;lx English Language af]Ng] / n]Vg] Ifdtf 5 < – tkfO{;Fu sDtLdf ±@ -Kn; 6'_ kf; u/]sf] of]Uotf 5 < OR5's JolQmx?n] PP size photo ;lxt cfkm\gf] CV, bktnist@gmail.com df cyjf Shemrock NIST Banepa df !% lbgleq a'emfpg ;Sg'xg ' 5 ] . /fli6«o tyf cGt/f{li6«o tflnd k|fKt ;|ft] JolQm, k|fWofks, lzIfsx?af6 tflnd ;+rfng x'g] 5 . tflnd tyf /f]huf/L af/] ;Dk"0f{ hfgsf/L CV k|fKt ePkl5 u/fO{g] 5 . tflnddf pTs[i6 # hgfnfO{ /fd|f] tna ;'ljwf (Shemrock NIST Banepa tyf NIST cGo zfvfx?df /f]huf/L lbOg] 5 .

df6f] kl/If0f tyf s[lif k/fdz{ sfo{qmd ;DalGw ;'rgf o; o'jf art tyf C0f ;xs/L ;+:yf ln=n] cfkm\gf] aflif{s sfo{qmd cg';f/ cfkm\gf z]o/ ;b:ox?sf] lxtsf] nflu lgDg ldltdf df6f] kl/If0f tyf s[lif k/fdz{ sfo{qmd ug{ nfu]sf] x'gfn] ;DalGwt ;Dk'0f{ z]o/ ;b:ox?nfO{ ;'lrt ul/G5 . ;fy} cfkm\gf] hldgsf] :jf:Yo kl/If0f ul/ k/fdz{ ;d]t lnb} clws nfe lng'x'g cg'/f]w ul/G5 . sfo{qmd ldlt M @)&# d+l;/ @!,@! / @# ut] btf{ z'Ns M ? @% dfq kl/If0f z'Ns M lgM z'Ns yk hfgsf/Lsf nflu M

o'jf art tyf C0f ;xsf/L ;+:yf ln, ag]kf

)!!–^^)#!$, ^^)*^# lbks s'df/ s] l; M (*$!$#*#!) k'gZr M kl/If0f kZrft kl/If0fsf] k|df0f kq kbfg ul/g]5 .

SAMUDAYIK SECONDARY BOARDING SCHOOL, PANAUTI-4, KAVRE

TEACHER WANTED We invite applications from energetic, experienced and well qualified Nepalese citizens for the following posts. Post: Secondary Level Social Teacher Qualification: Bachelor's Degree in Related Subject or equivalent Experience: At least 1 year teaching experience Ø Candidates meeting above requirements are requested to drop their hand written applications along with CV, photocopies of credentials, citizenship, at the school administration. Ø Selection procedure - written exam, interview and class demonstration Ø Only short listed candidates will be called for an interview. Ø The salary and other benefits will be as per the rules of the school

Contact: 9851098348 (Principal) 011-440991 (School)

;g km\nfj/ t]n vfg'xf];\ d'6'/f]uL, ls8\gLsf] /f]uLx?sf] nflu clt pko'Qm ;g nfO; a|f08sf] z'4 ;g km\nfj/ t]n pkof]u u/L :j:y hLjg latfpmF .

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