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x'=b=g+=)#.)%(.)^), sf=k=lh=b=g+= )!.)%).)%!, sfe|]

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sfe|] :6]zg/L ;Knfo;{ ag]kf, sfe|] -OGe]i6d]G6 a}+s d'lg_

;Dk"0f{ :6]zg/L ;fdfgx? tyf k':tssf] nflu ;Dks{ kmf]g g+= )!!–^^#&(), (*$!(^$&#$

lxdfn OG6/k|fOh]h\ ag]kf, sfe|], ;Dks{ (*$!#))#&$

CHESHTA WEEKLY jif{ @% c+s !( @)&% kmfNu'g #) ut] ljxLjf/ (Thursday, 14

th

March 2019) g]kfn

;+jt\ !!#(, d"No ?= %. -pkTosfsf] nflu ?= &_ k]h *±@ www.cheshtaweekly.com.np

cfn' ;'k/hf]gdf clgoldt vr{ ag] k f÷k| w fgdGqL s[ l if cfw'lgls/0f h]g ;'k/hf]g sfo{qmd cfn'sf] ;'k/hf]g sfof{Gjog O{sfO{df cfly{s jif{ @)&%÷@)&^ df @ s/f]8 $% nfv (# xhf/ & ;o ^ ?k}of a]?h' b]lvPsf] 5 . x/]s jif{ sfo{qmdsf af/]df clgoldt x'g yfn]kl5 k|wfgdGqLn] ;d]t sfo{qmd vf/]hLsf] k|:tfj u/]sf 5g\ . $ s/f]8 $$ nfv && xhf/ aflif{s ah]6df # s/f]8 @^ nfv ^$ xhf/ $ ;o !! ?k}of vr{ ePsf]df *) nfv &) xhf/ & ;o % ?k}of dfq} lgoldt vr{ ePsf] 5 . cl3Nnf] jif{sf] a]?h' $ nfv gub hDdf ePsf] 5 . …n]vfkl/If0fsf qmddf sfuhft tyf ljn km]nf gk/]sf sf/0f w]/} /sd a]?h' b]lvof]Ú–k|d'v lbks kf}8\ofn atfP . n]vf kl/If0fsf qmddf ;}4flGts s'/f w]/} ePsf] kf}8\ofnn] atfP . …of] clGtd n]vfkl/If0f xf]O{g, #% lbg leq n]vfkl/If0fsf qmddf b]lvPsf ;a} s'/fx?sf sfuhft vf]Hg] qmd z' ? ePsf] 5Ú–kf} 8 \ o fnn] eg]–…clGtd n]vfkl/If0fdf Tolt w]/} /sd a]?h' b]lvb}g .Ú n]vfkl/If0fdf lk|j]lzs cfn' ljp % u|fd jf ;f] eGbf dfyL ^!!@ sf] ? !$ sf b/n] @ nfv % xhf/ % ;o ^*, ! u|fd b]lv % u|fd;Ddsf] @% ;o bfgfsf] !! sf b/n] @& xhf/ % ;o / )=% u|fd b]lv ! u|fd;Dd !) sf b/n] !%#@%) sf ljn ;dfj]z ePsf] t/ ljp lhlG;df bfvLnf u/]sf] / ljt/0f ul/Psf] k':6\ofO{ gePsfn] k|df0f k]z gePsf] $ nfv ^ xhf/ # ;o !* ?k}of a]?h' b]lvPsf] 5 . To:t} 9'jfgL ;Demf}tfsf] #! xhf/ @ ;o %) a]?h' b]lvPsf] 5 eg] s[lif r'gsf] ! nfv @% xhf/ a]?h' 5 . b"O{j6f ljn g} pknAw geO{ /sd e'QmfgL ePsf] 5 . ! nfv *& xhf/ % ;o ?k}ofsf] ljn ;+nUg ul/Psf]

# s/f]8df ;f“9] @ s/f]8 a]?h'

5 . pGgt k|ljlw k|j{4g lzif{ssf] $ nfv ** xhf/ ^ ;o $) ?k}of a]?h' 5 . ljleGg s[ifsx?nfO{ % xhf/ ?k}of esf/f] ;'wf/sf nflu $ ;o esf/f]sf nflu $ nfv #$ xhf/ k]ZsL km5\of{}6 ;d]t gu/L @) nfv vr{ u/]sf]df lgdf{0f u/]sf] ljn e/kfO{ cg'udg k|ltjbg 5}g . ljleGg sfo{qmddf ! nfv $# xhf/ & ;o $$ ?k}of eQf / dd{t lzif{ssf] a]?h' b]lvPsf] 5 . eQf afkt ! nfv &# xhf/ ^ ;o $) / dd{t lzif{ssf] ( ;o (# xhf/ ?k}of /x]sf] 5 . lkmN8 eQf afktsf] ! nfv @% xhf/ @ ;o %) ?k}of a]?h' 5 . kf]:6 xfe{]:6 / s:6d xfol/Ë ls;fg ;d'xnfO{ %) k|ltzt cg'bfgdf ldlg l6«n/

kfj/ l6«n/ k|];/ nufot d]lzg pknAw u/fpFbf c;f/ !( ut] lj1fkg k|sfzg u/L c;f/ @% ut] & lbgsf] Dofb leq} vl/b ul/ ljt/0f ul/Psf] eGb} pQm ;fdfg P]g / lgod ljkl/t ePsf]n] cgu'dg ug{ lgb{]zg lbO{Psf] 5 . n] v f kl/If0fdf To;/L ul/Psf] ;fdfg vl/b / x:tfGt/0faf6 ls;fg nfeflGjt gx'g] :ki6 kfl/Psf] 5 . ! s/f]8 @* nfv #^ xhf/ & ;o %) ?k}ofaf6 !@ j6f s[ifs ;d'xnfO{ ;fdfu|L ljt/0f ul/Psf] pNn]v ul/Psf] 5 . ;fgf ls;fg ;xsf/L ;+:yf kfFrvfnsf] k|];/ sDj;L xfe{]:6 / /fO{; ldn kfj/ l6«n/ ldlg l6«n/ cfn' u|]l8Ë d]lzgsf] cg'bfg

afkt (( nfv @( xhf/ e'QfgL u/]sf]df #^ nfvsf] ljn k]z u/L %) k|ltzt cg'bfg lbg' kg{]df !! nfv @( xhf/ a9L e'QmfgL ul/Psf] 5 . led;]g s[ifs ;d'xnfO{ cfn' u|]l8Ë d]lzgsf nflu 8\ofË agfpg !& nfv &) xhf/ # ;o &% e'QmfgL ul/Psf] 5 . uf}/j cfw'lgs sfo{ cf}hf/ tyf d]lzg/L ;Knfo;{ ag]kfnfO{ clgoldt ?kdf @ nfv ($ xhf/ ^ ;o %) ?k}of e'QmfgL ul/Psf] 5 . oflGqs/0f uf]i7L tyf cGo uf]i7Lsf gfddf /d]z lg/f}nf sd{rf/Ln] klxnf] k6s # nfv ^) xhf/ k]ZsL lnP/ km5\of{}6 u/]sf 5}gg\ eg] /fdb/]z ofbj nufotsf afFsL @ k]hdf

w'lnv]n gu/kflnsfsf] d'6'df, c/lgsf] /fhdfu{ / lakL /fhdfu{sf] sg{/df xfn k]6«f]nkDk ;+rfngdf /x]sf] dfl;s %) xhf/ ef8f cfpg] clt cfsif{s 3/ ljz]if sf/0fjz ljqmL ug{'kg{] ePsf]n] vl/b ug{ OR5's JolQmn] ;Dks{ ug{x'g cg'/f]w ul/G5 .

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w'lnv]n xl:k6n hfg] af6f]

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lhNnfaf;Lsf] :jf:Yo aLdf w'lnv]n÷…tkfO{sf] :jf:Yo xfd|f] c7f]6Ú g]kfn ;/sf/ :jf:Yo aLdf af]8{sf] :jfYo ljdf sfo{qmd w'lnv]ndf z'? ePsf] 5 . r}q !) leq lhNnfsf !) j6} :yfgLo txdf pQm sfo{qmd z'? x'g] ePsf] 5 . w'lnv]ndf cfof]lht sfo{qmddf g]kfn gu/kflnsf ;+3sf cWoIf Pj+ w'lnv]n gu/kflnsfsf gu/ k|d'v czf]s Aof~h'n] z'ef/De u/]sf lyP . gu/kflnsfsf] :jf:Yo zfvfn] cfof]hgf u/]sf] sfo{qmddf :Jff:Yo aLdf af]8{sf d]l8sn /]s8{/ clws[t Pj+ :jf:Yo cy{zfl:q u'~haxfb'/ lh;Ln] :jf:Yo aLdf sfo{ q mdsf af/] d f ;/f]sf/jfnfx?nfO{ hfgsf/L u/fPsf lyP . aLdf sfo{qmdn] k|lt kl/jf/ % hgf ;b:ox?;Dd aflif{s @ xhf/ % ;o lk|ldod ltg{' kg{]5 . kfFr eGbf w]/} ;b:o eP k|lt ;b:o $ ;o @% ?k}of yk ug{' kg{] 5 . @ xhf/ % ;o ?k}of lt/] kl5 aflif{s %) xhf/ ?k}ofsf] aLdf x'g]5 .

kfFr hgf a/fa/ Ps hgfn] %) xhf/ ?k}ofsf] ;]jf lnPsf] cj:yfdf cGon] ;]jf k|fKt ug{ ;Sb}gg . ;]jf k|fKt ug{ csf{] jif{sf] gljs/0f ug{' k5{ . kfFr eGbf a9L ;b:osf] xsdf k|lt AolQm ! xhf/ ?k}of yk ug{' kg{]5 . aLdfdf alx/+u tyf cfsl:ds ;]jf, cGt/+u ;]jf, lgbgfTds ;]jfdf ! xhf/ ! ;o !* y/L cf}ifwL k|fKt ug{]5g\ . ;/sf/n] o; cl3 &) j6f cf}ifwL lgz'Ns ljt/0f ub{} cfPsf] 5 eg] @% j6f cfo'{j]lbs cf}ifwL lgz'Ns pknAw u/fpFb} cfPsf] 5 . ;a} pd]/ ;d'xsf AolQmx?n] of] aLdf sfo{qmd nfu' x'g]5 . ;/sf/n] :jf:Yo aLdfsf z'?jft u/]sf @% lhNnfsf ul/j kl/ro k|fKt u/]sf AolQmx?n] aLdfsf nflu /sd ltg{' kb{}g . :yfgLo txdf btf{ ;xof]uLsf dfWodaf6 aLdfsf] kmf/fd eg{ ;lsg]5 . a}zfv b]lv c;f/;Dd kmf/fd eg{]x?n] ebf} ! ut]af6 ;]jf k|fKt ug{ ;Sg]5g\ eg] ;fpg b]lv c;f]h;Dd kmf/fd eg{]x?n] dl;/ ! ut] b]lv ;'ljwf kfpg]5g\ . afFsL @ k]hdf

‘ljKnj ;d'x ck/flws’

cfsif{s 3/÷hUuf ljqmLdf

3/

(Cellopen Distributor) ;]nf]k]g l8li6«Jo"6/

;Dks{ (*$!#*(#!)

sfe|]sf nflu cflwsfl/s ljqm]tf

ag]kf rf/bf]af6f]

oxfF uf]N8:6f/ a|f08sf] afns, o'jfb]lv a'9f;Ddsf nflu h'Qf tyf rKknx? ;j{;'ne d'Nodf kfOG5 .

;Dks{ df]=g+= (*%!@!&@%&, (*%!@!&@%*,

;/sf/n] g]skf ljKnj ;d"x cfk/flws ;+u7g ePsf] 7x/ ub}{ k|ltaGw nufPsf] 5 . d+unaf/ ;fFem a;]sf] dlGqkl/ifb\sf] a}7sn] ljKnj ;d"x egL lrlgg] g]skf gfdsf] ;d"xnfO{ k|ltaGw nufpg] 3f]if0ff u/]sf] xf] . ljKnj ;d"xn] cfk/flws s[ofsnfk u/]sf], ljsf;sf k"jf{wf/dfly ad lj:kmf]6 u/fpg] / JolQmsf] zflGt

;'/Iffdly cfqmd0f ug]{ sfo{ u/]sf] ;/sf/sf] 7x/ 5 . ;/sf/n] jftf{df af]nfpFbf ;d]t gcfPkl5 ;/sf/n] k|ltaGw nufpg' k/]sf] atfPsf] 5 . ljKnj ;d'xn] b]zsf ljleGg :yfgx?df cfts+ dRrfpFb} cfPsf lyP . sfe|]df klg @)&% a}zfv ! ut] s' G ;fË nfdfsf] qm;/df cfuhgL nufotsf 36gf u/fPsf] lyof] .

‘jftfj/0f / ckf·d}qL’ 6«]n w'lnv]n÷w'lnv]ndf lgdf{ 0 f x' g nfu] s f] xfO{ l sË–;fO{ l SnË 6« ] n ckfË / jftfj/0fd} q L x' g ' kg{ ] d f ;/f] s f/jfnfx?n] ;' e mfj lbPsf 5g\ . 6« ] n lgdf{ 0 fdf ljleGg If] q sf] ;xof] u /xg] k| l tj4tf AoQm ePsf] 5 . w' l nv] n gu/kflnsf k| d ' v czf] s Aof~h' n ] 6« ] n lgdf{ 0 f kl5 ko{ 6 sx?sf] cfudg;F u } a;fO{ nDofpg ;xof] u k' ¥ ofpg] dfq} geO{ AolQmsf] zfl/l/s :j:ytf, ;a} vfnsf AolQmx?sf nflu ;xhtf x' g ] atfP . 6« ] n dfu{ d f w' l nv] n sAhf ug{ k[ Y jLgf/fo0f zfx nufotsf k' v f{ x ?n] u/] s f] of] u bfgsf] ;d] t :d/0f x' g ] vfnsf k| f s[ l ts / P] l txfl;stf emNsg] a:t' x ? /fVg] gu/ k| d ' v Aof~h' n ] atfP . w' l nv] n gu/kflnsf, g] k fnL ;] g fsf] lji0f' bn u0f, :yfgLo ;+ 3 ;+ : yfx?sf] ;dGjodf w' l nv] n df …xfO{ l sË–;fO{ l SnË 6« ] n Ú dfu{ lgdf{ 0 f sfo{ z' ? ePsf] 5 . w' l nv] n sf] xhf/ l;+ 9 L rf] s x' F b } rf} s f] 6 ;Ddsf] ;f9] $ lsdL b' / Ldf 6« ] n dfu{ lgdf{ 0 f x' g ] 5 . w' l nv] n gu/kflnsfdf lgjf{ l rt hgk| l tlglw Pj+ gu/ k| d ' v czf] s Aof~h' n ] ko{ 6 lso gu/L w' l nv] n df ko{ 6 sx?sf] a;fO{ nDofpg tyf jftfj/0fLo lx;fjn] w' l nv] n df

xfO{ l sË / ;fO{ l SnË 6« ] n lgdf{ 0 f ug{ pko' Q m x' g ] 7x/ ub{ } a9fPsf] of] h gfnfO{ sfe| ] lhNnf ;fO{ l SnË ;+ 3 sf cWoIf dlgif ouf] n n] yk kl/dfh{ g ;lxt ?6 to u/] s f lyP . gu/kflnsfsf] of] h gfdf lji0f' bn u0f w' l nv] n n] g] k fnsf] Plss/0f cleofgdf dxTjk" 0 f{ dflgPsf P]ltxfl;s :yfgx?nfO{ sfe|] o' l glkms] ; g 6« ] n sf ?kdf ljsf; ug{ ] of] h gf agfof] . w' l nv] n df lgdf{ 0 f x' g ] 6« ] n ckfËd} q L x' g ] gu/ k| d ' v czf] s Aof~h' n ] atfP . cd] l /sfsf] cfO{ l 8cfO{ ;+ : yfn] ;d] t 6« ] n lgdf{ 0 fdf rf;f] b] v fPsf] 5 . cfO{ l 8cfO{ s f /f] z g dfgGw/n] cfufdL dfr{ #! cyf{ t r} q !& ut] w' l nv] n df cGt/fli6« o :t/sf] sfo{ q md cfof] h gf u/L 6« ] n lgdf{ 0 fdf yk 6] j f k' ¥ ofpg] atfP . pQm ;+ : yfn] k" j f{ w f/ lgdf{ 0 f / tflnd nufotsf If] q df sfo{ ub{ } cfPsf] 5 . pQm sfo{qmddf w'lnv]nsf xf]6n Aoj;foLx?sf] ;xeflutf /x] s f] lyof] . pBf] u afl0fHo ;+ 3 , xf] 6 n Aoj;foL, g] k fnL ;] g fsf] lji0f' bn u0f, cGo ;+ 3 ;+ : yfsf k| l tlglwx? ;xeflu lyP . w' l nv] n sf ;a} xf] 6 nx? ckfËd} q L agfpg] ljifodf ;d] t 5nkmn ePsf] lyof] . pQm 6« ] n df g] k fnL ;] g fn] hgzlQ ;xof] u ug{ ] ePsf] 5 . afF s L ( k] h df

uf8L;DaGwL ;Dk"0f{ ;fdfgx? ca Pp6} 5fgfd'lg PS;fO8 Jof6«L, 6f6f sDkgLsf] :k]o;{ kf6{;x? / MAK n'la|s]G6 nufotsf uf8L ;DaGwL ;Dk"0f{ ;fdfgx? xf]n;]n tyf v'b|f d"Nodf kfOG5 . cflwsfl/s ljqm]tf

df“ r08]Zj/L c6f] :k]o;{, ag]kf, tLgbf]af6f], sfe|] kmf]g g+= )!!–^^!*()


@

r]i6f ;fKtflxs

;DkfbsLo== = = = = = = = = = =

:j:y gu/M w'lnv]n gu/

6]«]n lgdf{0fn] ko{6gdf km8\sf]

:j:y gu/sf] lgdf{0f ug{ hg:t/sf k|of;x? s] s] x'g\ ;Snfg\ <

ko{6lso gu/L w'lnv]ndf lgdf{0f x'g nfu]sf] ‘xfO{lsË–;fO{lSnË 6«]nÚ jftfj/0f / ckfËd}qL agfpg 5nkmn z'? ePsf] 5. w'lnv]n gu/kflnsfn] w'lnv]ndf cfPsf ko{6sx?sf] a;fO{ nDofpg ljleGg of]hgf lgdf{0f ug{] qmddf 6«]n lgdf{0fnfO{ k|fyldstf lbPsf] xf]. :yfgLo ;+3;+:yf, lji0f'bn u0f, w'lnv]nsf ko{6g If]q;Fu ;DjlGwt xf]6n Aoj;foLx?, ;+:s[lt / jftfj/0fsf] ;+/If0f ug{] AolQmx?sf] ;xeflutfdf gu/kflnsfn] lgdf{0f ug{] 6«]nn] w'lnv]n gu/kflnsfsf] dfq} geO{ l;Ëf] lhNnfsf] k|ltlglwTj ug{ ;xof]u k'¥ofpg] 5 . w'lnv]nsf] xhf/ l;+9L rf]s x'Fb} rf}sf]6;Ddsf] b'/Ldf 6«]n dfu{ lgdf{0f x'g]5. w'lnv]n gu/kflnsfdf lgjf{lrt hgk|ltlglwx?n] ko{6sx?sf] a;fO{ nDofpg tyf jftfj/0fLo lx;fan] w'lnv]ndf xfO{lsË / ;fO{lSnË 6«]n lgdf{0f ug{ pko'Qm x'g] 7x/ ub{} a9fPsf] of]hgf yk cl3 a9]sf] 5. sfe|] lhNnf ;fO{lSnË ;+3, lji0f' bn u0f w'lnv]nn] ;d]t g]kfnsf] Plss/0f cleofgdf dxTjk"0f{ dflgPsf P]ltxfl;s :yfgx?nfO{ sfe|] o'lglkms];g 6«]nsf ?kdf ljsf; ug{] of]hgf agfPsf] 5. w'lnv]ndf ;fO{lSnË–xfO{lsË ?6 lgdf{0f tyf g]kfn PsLs/0fsf] ;dodf k|of]u ePsf] :yfg ed/sf]6df k[YjLgf/fo0f zfx / aneb| s'Fj/sf] zflns /flvg]5. aneb| sF'j/sf lhh'af /fds[i0f s'Fj/nfO{ !*&@ df k[YjLgf/fo0f zfxn] ed/sf]6df ljtf{ lbPsf lyP. knf~rf]s eujtL :yfgdf !*!^ df ePsf] n8fO{df aneb|sf lhh'afh]n] ;xof]u k'¥ofPsf] eGb} k[YjLgf/of0f zfxn] ljtf{ lbPsf lyP. aneb| s'Fj/ ed/sf]6d} x'ls{Psf] Oltxf; 5. pgsf] ;Demgfdf gu/kflnsfn] pQm :yfgdf aneb| s'Fj/sf] zflns /fvL Oltxf;sf] ;d]t ;+/If0f / gofF k':tfnfO{ hfgsf/L u/fpg vf]h]sf] xf] . xa]nL 8fF8f–blIf0fsfnL dlGb/–w'lnv]n vfg]kfgL cfof]hgfsf] kfgL 6\of+sLaf6 /fhs'nf] x'Fb} b]jL:yfg 8fF8f;Ddsf] # lsdL xfO{lsËnfO{ dxTjk"0f{ dflgPsf] 5. !*@) sflt{s !) ut] cfO{taf/ w'lnv]n sAhf ePsf] lyof]. !*@) sflt{s !! ut] v8\k' / kgf}tL Ps} k6s sAhf ePsf] lyof]. gu/kflnsfn] k[YjLgf/fo0f zfxn] n8fO{sf] ;dodf k|of]u ePsf :yfg tyf ;fdfu|Lx?sf af/]df t:jL/x? ;lxtsf] hfgsf/L ;d]t pQm dfu{df /flv ko{6sx?nfO{ yk cfs{if0f / ;xhtf agfpg] ;f]r agfPsf] 5. cd]l/sfsf] cfO{l8cfO{ ;+:yfsf] ;d]t ;xsfo{ x'g nfu]sf] 5. w'lnv]n gu/kflnsfn] lgdf{0f ug{ nfu]sf] 6«]n ckf• / jftfj/0fd}qL agfO{ g]kfns} gd'gf agfpg] sfo{n] ko{6sx?sf] cfsif{0f ylkg]5. w'lnv]ndf lgdf{0f ePsf ;a} xf]6nx? ;d]t ckf•d}qL agfpg Aoj;foLx? ;xdt ePsf 5g\. o;n] w'lnv]nsf] ko{6g ljsf; / o;k|ltsf] ;f]r tyf b[li6sf]0f ;lxtsf] lgdf{0fn] yk km8\sf] dfg{] lglZrt 5 .

;'grfFbLsf] ;fKtflxs ahf/ efp ldlt

2075/11/23 2075/11/24 2075/11/25 2075/11/26 2075/11/27 2075/11/28 2075/11/29

;'g k|lt !) u|f= ;'g k|lt tf]nf rfFbL k|lt !) u|f= rfFbL k|lt tf]nf

51610/51610/51610/51870/51870/51700/51955/-

60158/60158/60158/60501/60501/60302/60600/-

630/630/630/639/639/639/639/-

jif{ @% c+s !( @)&% kmfNu'g #) ut] ljxLjf/

735/735/735/745/745/745/745/-

M ;|f]t

ho >L r08L Hj]n;{ s?0ffdfu{ $#, ag]kf * ho]Gb| zfSo -(*$!@)%!&^, )!!^^!&^)_

x/]s JolQm, kl/jf/ af6 ;dfh aG5 | JolQm, kl/jf/, ;d'xs} cfjZostf, rfx] :jf:Yo df xf];\ jf c? s'g}nfO{ g} nlIft u/]/ aGg] lgod, sfg"g, k"jf{wf/ lgdf{0f, ljsf; cflbaf6} :j:y gu/ lgdf{0f x'g;S5 . o; sfo{df x/]s JolQm, kl/jf/ b]lv ;DalGwt lgsfo ;a} lhDd]jf/ x'g'k5{ . dg'io eP/ hGd lnPkl5 d[To' ;fZjt ;To ePem}F zf/Ll/s sl7gfO{ klg k|fs[lts lgod em}F x'g\ cfpF5 . tyfkL dfgjhftLn] cfˆgf] hLjgofkgnfO{ ;xh agfpg ljleGg cfljisf/ Pj+ ljsf; ug]{ qmddf :j:y /xg u/]sf ljsf; lgSs} pNn]vgLo 5 . dfgj lgld{t ljleGg cf}ifwf]krf/ / pks/0fsf cfw'lgs k2ltn] /f]usf] pkrf/ ug{ dxTjk"0f{ e"ldsf v]n]tfklg JolQmut Pj+ aftfj/0fLo :j:y k|0ffnLn] /f]usf sf/s tTjx?af6 aRg Pj+ :j:y /xg dxTjk"0f{ e"ldsf v]Ng] ;j{ljlbt} 5 . t;y{ ;du| ¿kdf x/]ssf] :jf:YonfO{ c;/ kfg]{ jftfjf/0fLo / ;fdflhs :jf:Yosf s]lx dxTjk"0f{ laifoa:t' pNn]v ub{5' .

jftfj/0fLo :jf:Yo Joj:yf

cfhsf] ljrf/ 8f= /fh]Gb| sf]+h" ;dosf] cGt/fn;Fu} g]kfnL gful/ssf] :jf:Yo l:yltdf ;sf/fTds kl/jt{g cfO{;s]sf] 5 . la= ;+= @))& df k|lt g]kfnL cf};t cfo' #@ jif{ /x]sf]df lj=;+= @)$* df %# x'Fb} @)&# ;Dd cfO{k'Ubf &! k'u]sf] 5 . To:t} lzz' d[To'b/ k|lt Ps xhf/df @)) af6 !)& x'Fb} #@ df em/]sf] 5 eg] dft[d[To'b/ k|lt Ps nfv hLljt hGddf ! xhf/ * ;oaf6 * ;o %) x'Fb} @ ;o #( df em/]sf] 5, h'g ljZjs} :jf:Yo ;"rf+sdf pNn]vgLo k|ult dflgG5 . s]lx clt b'u{d e]u afx]s k|foh;f] g]kfnLn] k|fylds pkrf/ s]G› ;Dd kx'Fr kfPsf] 5 eg] lhNnf lhNnfdf laz]if1 ;]jf pknAw x'Fb}5 . k|d'v zx/x?df t hl6n k|sf/sf /f]usf] pkrf/ s]G› klg la:tf/ x'Fb}5 . o:tf] pNn]vgLo lasf;df w]/} kl/jt{gn] e"ldsf v]n]sf 5g\ . /fHo Joj:yf kl/jt{g, lzIffdf kx'Fr Pj+ u'0f:t/Lotf, /f]huf/L Pj+ cfly{s pGglt, ;8s, vfg]kfgL, 9n lgsf;, ;+rf/ h:tf clt cfaZos k"jf{wf/ ljsf; ;Fu;Fu} c:ktfn la:tf/, :jf:YosdL{ s f] pknAwtf, lrlsT;f lzIffsf] k|ult, cf}iflw pTkfbg, cfw'lgs d]l;g tyf cf}hf/x?sf] pknAwtf cflb pNn]vgLo x'g\ . o;} kl/a] z df w' l nv] n gu/kflnsfdf klg w]/} kl/jt{g cfPsf] 5 . tTsflng w'lnv]n ufFp k+rfot /fhwfgL sf7df08f}+af6 #) ls=ld=dfq 6f9f eO{sg klg :jf:Yosf] lx;fa lstfan] lgSs} lk5l8Psf] dfGg'k5{ . hg:jf:Yosf] nflu ckl/xfo{ k"jf{wf/ vfg]kfgL, rkL{, 9nlgsf; tyf clt cfa:os pkrf/fTds Joj:yf – c:ktfn jf PDa'n]G;sf] s'g} Joj:yf lyPg . l;ldt pkrf/ pknAw :jf:Yo s]G› lyof], ;fa{hlgs wf/fdf lglZrt ;dosf] nflu kfgL cfpFYof], lbzf lk;fa aflx/} lyof] eg] v'nf 9n 3/ aflx/} aUYof] . log} sf/0f aif]{ h;f] emf8f kvfnfn] ;tfpFYof] . h'sf, cfpF, 6fOkmfO8, Ifo/f]u, 5fnfsf /f]u h:tf cg]sg ;?jf /f]u k|;:t} x'GYof] / sltkosf] Hofg} hfGYof] . gu/kflnsfsf] :yfkgf ;Fu;Fu} b'/bzL{ k|ltefjfg\ hglgjf{lrt gu/ k|d'v, pk–k|d'v Pj+ k|ltlglwx?n] vfg]kfgL, 9nlgsf;, rkL{ lgdf{0f, ;8s ;'wf/df ljsf; u/]kl5 kmf]x/kfgL / lbzfhGo /f]ux¿ 36\g yfNof] . gu/kflnsfn] :jf:Yodf ;'wf/sf] nflu w'lnv]n c:ktfnsf] :yfkgfd} :yfgLox?sf] ;xof]udf dxTjk"0f{ of]ubfg ugf{n] cfh /fli6«o :t/s} u'0f:t/Lo

;"rgf ;zQm dlxnf ;'b[9 3/kl/jf/, ;xsfo{ / cfTd;Ddfg dlxnf clwsf/ g]kfn ;/sf/

;+rf/ tyf ;"rgf k|ljlw dGqfno ;"rgf tyf k|;f/0f ljefu

x/] s gful/ssf] ;kmf aftfj/0fdf afFRg kfpg] clwsf/ klg xf] . oBkL gful/s cfkm} / /fHo Joj:yfsf sf/0f ;kmf jftfj/0fsf] k|Tofe"lt kfpg, lbg ;lsPsf] nfUb}g . h] ePtf klg lgDg lnlvt clt cfaZos k"jf{wf/x? rflxF ;a} hgtfsf] kx'Frdf k'¥ofpg xfdL ;a}n] x/bd sf]l;; ul//fVg' k5{ . s_ x/]s 3/df kof{Kt ;kmf vfg]kfgL sf] pknAwtf – kfgLsf] kof{Kt pknAwtfn] ;/;kmfO{ /fd|f] x'G5 / w]/} h;f] ;?jf

x/]s JolQm, kl/jf/ af6 ;dfh aG5 | JolQm, kl/jf/, ;d'xs} cfjZostf, rfx] :jf:Yodf xf];\ jf c? s'g}nfO{ g} nlIft u/]/ aGg] lgod, sfg"g, k"jf{wf/ lgdf{0f, ljsf; cflbaf6} :j:y gu/ lgdf{0f x'g;S5 . o; sfo{df x/]s JolQm, kl/jf/ b]lv ;DalGwt lgsfo ;a} lhDd]jf/ x'g'k5{ .

c:ktfnsf] ljsf; tyf la:tf/ eof] . olx w'lnv]n c:ktfnsf] sf/0fn] ubf{ ;a}h;f] pkrf/ tyf hl6n k|sf/sf /f]ux?sf] pkrf/ klg oxL ;Dej ePsf] 5 . ;fy;fy} sf7df08f} ljZjljBfnosf] ;xsfo{df lrlsT;f lzIffsf ljleGg ljwf h:t} gl;{+Ë, lkmlhof]y]/fkL, 8]G6n, d]l8snsf] klg k9fO{ x'g] x'gfn] w]/} lrlsT;f lawfsf :jf:YosdL{x? pTkfbg ePsf 5g\ . :yfgLoaf;Lx? klg cfˆg} 7fpFdf cWoog ug{ kfpg] df}sf tyf s]lx cf/If0f Joj:yfsf sf/0f klg w]/}h;f] gu/kflnsf afl;Gbfx?n] klg olx cWoog ug]{ df}sf kfPsf 5g\ . w'lnv]n c:ktfn, cfˆg} 7fpF s f] c:ktfnsf] lx;fan] klg clwsf+zsf] ;fd'bflos lgs6tf /x]sfn] k|ToIf ¿kdf la/fdL x'Fbfsf ;]jfdf ;xof]u k|fKt ePsf] 5 eg], ck|ToIf ¿kdf klg w]/} :jf:Yo ;DaGwL hfgsf/L ldn]/ :j:y hLjgofkgdf ;xof]u k'u]sf] tYo klg ;To xf] . cfh gu/kflnsfsf] :jf:Yo l:ylt, :jf:Yo lzIff, :jf:Yo sfo{qmd, :jf:Yo tflnd, :jf:Yo ;d:of, :jf:Yo SofDk cflb h] h:tf]df klg w'lnv]n c:ktfn ;Fu} hf]l8g] ePsf] 5 . s'g} JolQm :j:y /xg / :j:y agfpg pgsf] zf/Ll/s :jf:Yo l7s x'g'k5{ . xfd|f] :jf:Yo lautdf d'ne"t ¿kdf ;?jf /f]u;Fu ;DalGwt lyP eg] cfh ;?jf /f]u sd ePklg lgd{'n gePsf] cj:yfdf g;g]{ vfnsf /f]usf] dfqf klg clws b]lvg yfn]sf] 5 . o; cy{df eGg ;lsG5 ls ;?jf /f]u -Ifo/f]u, emf8fafGtf, 6fOkmfO8, x}hf, cfpF, hlG8; x]kf6fOl6;_, ?3fvf]sL, Go"df]lgof cflb_ ;Fu;Fu} g;g]{ /f]u -lrgL/f]u, pRr /Qmrfk, SofG;/, bd, Åbo3ft, dl:tis 3ft, yfO/f8, d[uf}nf /f]u cflb_ klg lbgfg'lbg a9\b} u/]sf] x'gfn] xfdL bf]xf]/f] df/df kl//fv]sf 5f} . oL ;a} k|sf/sf] /f]usf] pkrf/ w]/} xb;Dd xfd|} c:ktfndf ;Dej ePklg oL /f]ux?nfO{ e/;s gnfUg g} lbg] jftfj/0f tof/ ug{' cToGt} cfj:os 5 . :j:Yo gful/s, :j:y ;dfh eg]sf] zf/Ll/s /f]u ;uF dfq ;DalGwt 5}g . zf/Ll/s tGb'?:tLsf] ;fy} v'zL / cg'zfl;t Pj+ zfnLg ;dfh :j:y gu/sf] k|ltlaDa xf] .

cfn' ;'k/hf]g==== sd{rf/Lsf gfddf nfvf} ?k}of k]ZsL 5 . sfo{qmd g} gu/L sfo{qmd ;DkGg u/]sf] ljn e/kfO{ /fv]sf] t/ sfo{qmddf ;xeflux?sf] pkl:ytL gePsf] eGb} n]vf kl/If0fsf qmddf tTsfn pQ /sd hDdf ug{ lgb{]zg lbO{Psf] 5 . s[ifs e|d0fsf gfddf $ nfv, df6f] kl/If0fsf gfddf ! nfv !% xhf/ / e|d0f vr{sf gfddf ePsf] !# xhf/ & ?k}of a]?h' b]lvPsf] 5 . s[lif r'g vl/bdf ! nfv &) xhf/ $ ;o %) a]?h' b]lvPsf] 5 . s[lif r'g tyf k|fËfl/s dn vl/b # nfv $* xhf/ & ;o %) ?k}of / ;fdfg vl/b lbj; :ofËtfgsf gfddf k]ZsL ! nfv ;d]t u/L $ nfv $* xhf/ & ;o %) vr{ ePsf]df b]p/fnL pj{/f s[lif r'g tyf zlQm lu|8 pBf]u k|fnL sf7df8f}af6 dn tyf r'g vl/b u/]sf] dWo] ! nfv &) xhf/ $ ;o %) clgoldt ePsf] xf] . lj1 dx]Gb|dfg >]i7nfO{ lj1tf xfl;n u/]sf] eGb} ! nfv @) xhf/ e'QfgL ul/Psf] 5 . pgsf] lj1tf s] xf] < To;n] s] kmfO{bf u¥of] < ;Demf}tf u/L /sd a'emfPsf] afx]s cGo s]lx sfuhft pknAw 5}g . uf]i7Ldf ;xeflu gePsf !@ hgfnfO{ ^ ;osf b/n] / #( hgfnfO{ !# ;osf b/n] eQf pknAw u/fO{Psf] 5 . ^& xhf/ ^ ;o e'QmfgL clgoldt ePsf] b]vfO{Psf] 5 . sd{rf/Lx?sf gfddf ! nfv &) xhf/ $ ;o %), !& nfv @! xhf/ % ;o / ! nfv @% xhf/ @ ;o %) ?k}of k]ZsL lnO{ clgoldt u/]sf] pNn]v 5 . To:t} l;+rfO{ ljsf; l8lehg sfof{nosf] !) xhf/ % ;o %@, e'ld Aoj:yfkg k|lzIf0f s]Gb| *# xhf/ & ;o *),

/f]ux?af6 aRg ;lsG5 . kof{Kt kfgLsf] pknAwtf ljsf; Pj+ :jf:Yo ;dfhsf] Go'gtd k"jf{wf/ klg xf] . v_ x/]s 3/df rkL{sf] Joj:yf – rkL{df lbzflk;fa ugf{n] lbzfhGo /f]ux? ;g{af6 aRg] tYo pNn]v ug{' k/]g . pQm rkL{af6 lg:sg] kmf]x/sf] s'g} klg jftfj/0f b"lift gug]{ lsl;dn] ;s];Dd 3/ jl/k/L g} ;]lK6 6\of+s agfP/ k|fs[lts ¿kd} b'lift lg/fs/0f ug]{ pkrf/ ug{' clt h?/L 5 . o;/L ;]lK6s 6\of+s agfpbf To;af6 lg:s]sf] kfgL aflx/ v'Nnf 5f]8\g ldNb}g . To; kfgLnfO{ klg hldgd} ;f]l;g] agfpg' k5{ / vfg]kfgL sf] 6\of+sLaf6 k/ x'g'k5{ . w]/} hg3gTj eP/ yf]/} 7fpFdf 3/ agfPsf jf zx/L jftfj/0fdf 3/ ePsfx?sf] xsdf plrt vfnsf] 9nlgsf;sf] Aoa:yf ug{'k5{ . u_ 9nlgsf; tyf k|zf]wg – :j:y gu/sf] Go"gtd k"jf{wf/ dWo] x/]s 3/x?sf] lbzf lk;fasf] 9n ;d'lrt Joj:yfsf ;fy\ kfOknfOgaf6 Ps 7fpFdf hDdfkf/L k|fs[lts jf cfw'lgs tl/sfaf6 k|zf]wg ul/ xflgsf/s h}ljs, /f;folgs tTjx? lgd{'n ug{'k5{ . 3_ af6f] – x/]s 3/df hfg] af6f] plrt dfqfdf km/flsnf] rflxG5 . PDa'n]G;, bdsn hfg;Sg] jf ljklQx?df Ps}kN6 gful/sx?nfO{ ;'/lIft tj/af6 lj:yfkg ug{;Sg] vfnsf] af6f]x? x'g\ h?/L 5 . Aoal:yt ;dfh / zx/Ls/0fsf dfkb08x?nfO{ plrt 9+uaf6 lgodg ul/ gofF aGg] 3/x?df nfu" ug{'kg]{ clt cfa:os 5 . k'/fgf] ;/+rgfx?df klg zx/L lasf;sf lj1x?sf] ;xof]udf cfa:os kxnsbdL lng'kg]{ x'G5 . ª_ lah'nLsf] tf/, kmf]gsf] tf/, 6«fG;kmd{/sf] plrt Joj:yf – xfn} o;sf] w]/} vt/f gb]lvP klg obfsbf b'3{6gf clt eofax x'g;Sg] / a9bf] zx/Ls/0f df o;sf] vt/f emg\ a9\g] x'gfn] clxn] b]lvg} plrt Aoa:yfkg lt/ Wofg k'¥ofpg' k5{ . lah'nL / 6]lnkmf]gsf] tf/nfO{ hldgd'lg /flvg' h?/L 5 eg], 6«fG;kmd{/ nfO{ le8ef8 eGbf k/ ;'/lIft 7fpFdf :yfgfGt/ ug{' h?/L 5 . r_ zx/Ls/0f – gofF gS;f+sg e};s]sf] gu/kflnsfnfO{ ;dod} lj1x?sf] k/fdz{df dfga a:tL, ahf/ If]q, sfof{no If]q, ;fa{hlgs If]q, k|fs[lts dgf]/+hg kfs{, h+un If]q, v]tL If]q, c:ktfn, laZjlaBfno, xf]6]n cflb 7fpxF? klxrfg u/]/ lglZrt dfkb08 tof/ ug{ clt h?/L 5 . o:tf] ljsf;n] hg:jf:Yodf b"/ufdL ;sf/fTds c;/ kf5{ . h:t} cfaZos k"jf{wf/ ePsf] zfGt dfgj a:tLdf a:g] JolQm / le8ef8 ahf/If]qdf cfa:os eGbf Go"g kfgL, cˆ7\of/f] vfnsf] sf]7f, kmf]xf]/ jftfj/0fdf a:g] e'slDko cfjf; k'g{lg{df0f cfof]hgfsf] *$ xhf/ @ ;o @% a]?h' b]lvPsf] 5 . lhNnf ;dGjo ;ldlt sfe|]sf] (& nfv &* xhf/ a]?h' b]lvPsf] 5 . z}n'Ë aGbg eujtL hf]zLsf gfddf ^# nfv / aGbg uejtL lgdf{0f ;]jfsf gfddf #$ nfv &* xhf/ k]ZsL km5\of{}6 gx'Fbf lhNnf ;dGjo ;ldltsf gfddf a]?h' b]lvPsf] xf] . g]kfn k|x/L ljBfno ;fFufdf @^ nfv @& xhf/ a]?h' b]lvPsf] 5 . e08f/ kf]:6'Ë lgdf{0f ;]jf k|fnLsf gfddf pQm /sd k]ZsL 5 . kz' ;]jf sfof{nosf] ( xhf/ # ;o (^ ?k}of a]?h' 5 . u|]8 e'QmfgL u/]sf eGb} a]?h' b]lvPsf] xf] . dfnkf]t sfof{no sfe|]knf~rf]ssf] gfddf % s/f]8 && nfv % xhf/ & ;o %% a]?h' b]lvPsf] 5 . ut jif{sf] df}Hbft ;d]t u/L rfn' jif{sf] /sdaf6 $% s/f]8 (* nfv @( xhf/ ! ;o !* dWo] % s/f]8 *! nfv &( xhf/ & ;o (% ?k}ofdf afFsL :yfgLo sf]ifsf] $& s/f]8 $) nfv $) xhf/ * ;o &% ?k}of 36fO{ % s/f]8 && nfv % xhf/ & ;o %% ?k}of afF8kmfF8 u/L ;DjlGwt lgsfodf k7fpg lgb{]z ul/Psf] 5 . kgft}L gu/kflnsfsf] %@ nfv @$ xhf/ ( ;o *% ?ko}f a? ] h' bl]vPsf] 5 . dxfef/t ufpkFflnsfsf] @^ xhf/ ! ;o @$ ?ko}f a? ] h' bl]vPsf] 5 . cl3Nnf] jifs { f] @ s/f8] $$ nfv (@ xhf/ kZ]sLdf % nfv !) xhf/ dfq} afs F L /xs ] f] 5 . c? kZ]sL km5o\f6{} ePsf] 5 . gdfa]4 ' gu/kflnsfsf] #* nfv $@ xhf/ # ;o $( ?ko}f a? ] h' /xs ] f] 5 . vgfnyfs ] kz' ljdf ;ldltnfO{ eQ'mfgL u/s ] f] @ nfv ?Ko}f / ljBfnodf cfwl'gs lzIff k0|ffnLsf gfddf eQ'mfgL u/s ] f !# nfv %) xhf/ ?ko}fdf a? ] h' bv ] fOP{sf] xf] . lbjf÷;fË÷zflGt he]Lsf gfddf @@ nfv ^! xhf/sf] kZ]sL /xs ] f] 5 .

JolQmsf] :jf:Yo cj:yfdf kSs} km/s k5{ . 5_ xfjf – elg/fVg' gknf{ ¿v, la?jf, xl/of] kl/of] w]/} x'g' /fd|f] xf] . 3/ lgdf{0f, zx/L la:tf/ ;Fu} k|fs[lts aftfj/0fdf x|f; cfpF5 . zx/L lasf;sf] lgod cIf/;M kfngf x'g'k5{ . ¿v la?jf /f]Kg / gsf6\g x/bd gu/af;LnfO{ pT;flxt ug{'k5{ . xfjf b'lift x'g] vfnsf pBf]u o; gu/kflnsf ;Fu;Fu} jl/k/Lsf gu/kflnsfdf klg lgodg ug{'k5{ . h_ ;+rf/ – hg:jf:Yodf ;+rf/sf] e"ldsf klg k|d'v ePsf]n] ;d'lrt ;+rf/ Joj:yfdf ;a}sf] kx'r x'g'k5{ . em_ zf/Ll/s cEof; ug]{ pBfgx?sf] lgdf{0f – w]/}h;f] g;g]{ /f]ux?sf] k|d'v sf/0f zf/Ll/s cEof;df sld klg ePsf]n], zf/Ll/s cEof;nfO{ Aoaxf/df ptfg{ / pTk|]/0ff lbg ;d'lrt pBfgx? lgdf{0f ug{'k5{ . ;fOsn rnfpg] k]6L lgdf{0fn] zf/Ll/s cEof; ug]{ 7fpF ldNg'sf ;fy} kof{j/0f klg hf]luG5 . `_r'/f]6, v}gL, /S;L h:tf xflgsf/s a:t'x?sf] ahf/df cg'udg Pj+ s8f lgodgM w]/}h;f] g;g]{ /f]usf] k|d'v sf/0f g} r'/f]6, v}gL x'gfn] o;sf] ahf/ Joj:yfnfO{ hg:jf:Yo P]g cg';f/ s8f lgodg ug{'k5{ . r'/f]6, v}gL, /S;L a]Rg] k;n btf{ ePs} / 5'§} x'g'k5{ . o:tf] ;fdfg a]Rg nfO;]G;sf ;fy} /]s8{ /fVg] Aoa:yf ug{'k5{ . ;fa{hlgs :yfgdf w'd|kfg, dWokfg lgif]w ug{'k5{ . hgr]tgfsf nflu cfa:os ;"rgf tyf tYox? ;fa{hlgs :ynx?df /flvg'k5{ / ;+rf/ dfWoddf lbOg' k5{ . 6_ lJxnr]o/df lx8\g'kg]{, nÝLsf] ;xfotfdf lx8\g'kg]{ JolQmx? h:tf]sf] nflu klg ;fa{hlgs :yn tyf cfa:os 7fpFx?df plrt Joj:yfsf k"jf{wf/df Wofg k'¥ofpg'k5{ . 7_ v'zL g} hLjgsf] nIo x'g ;S5 . gful/s v'zL s] af6 x'G5 < v'zL x'g cfa:os :j:y cf};t cfo', cfly{s >f]t, ;fdflhs ;'/Iff, :jtGqtf, ljZjf; / e›tf – ;fob h'g;'s} gu/, k|b]; jf /fi6« df ;'lglZrt ul/g' k5{ . of] s'/fdf ;do ;dodf cGt/lqmof, sfo{zfnf uf]i7L cflb u/]/ w]/} hg;xeflutf hgfO{ s]lx xb;Dd ePklg ;'lglZrttf ug{ ;lsof] eg] /fd|f] x'G5 . 8_ :jf:Yo ;DalGw hgr]tgf– :j:y /xg hgr]tgf Pp6f k|d'v c+u ePsf] x'gfn] x/]s ;DefJo ;+rf/ dfWod af6 pknAw tYo tyf cfaZos hfgsf/L gful/s ;dIf k'¥ofpg' k5{ . ;fdflhs :jf:Yo ;'/Iff Joj:yf s_ x/]s JolQm, kl/jf/sf] :jf:Yo ;DalGw /]s8{ /fVg] Aoa:yf ug{'k5{ | v_ x/]s lzz' Pj+ afnaflnsfsf] vf]k ;'lglZrt ul/g' k5{ . u_ x/]s gful/s :jf:Yo ladfdf ;+nUg u/fpg' k5{ . 3_ ;/sf/sf] :jf:Yo jLdf sfo{qmd, hl6n /f]ux?sf] pkrf/df ;xof]u, cfdf ;'/Iff sfo{qmd h:tf y'k|} hg :jf:Yosf sfo{qmddf ;a} gful/ssf] kx'Fr k'of{pg' k5{ . ª_ :j:y gful/s gu/sf] ;DklQ xf] eg] :j:y gu/ x/]s gful/ssf] lhDd]jf/L / uj{ klg xf] . t;y{ x/]s gful/snfO{ bfloTjaf]wsf ;fy} hg:jf:Yosf sfo{qmdx?df ;xeflutf, ;+nUg ;xof]u ug{ pTk|]/0ff ug{'k5{ . r_ a}slNks pkrf/ k2lt h:t} kf/Dkl/s cfo'a]{b, k|fs[lts lrlsT;f cflbsf] klg oyf]lrt 9+un] ljsf; ug{'k5{ . pkrf/ sf] Joj:yf w'lnv]n c:ktfnn] laz]if1 ;]jf gljgtd pks/0f / la2tfaf6 ;Dk"0f{ gful/ssf] kxr 'F x'g] u/]/ ;fd'bflos c:ktfnsf] ¿kdf k|bfg ub}{ cfPsf] x'gfn] o; gu/sf gful/sx?nfO{ pkrf/ ;]jfdf kxr 'F ;/n / ;xh x'g\ k'u]sf] 5 . cem o;nfO{ ;do ;fk]lIfs la:tf/ Pj+ ljsf; ub}{ nfg' k5{ . w'lnv]n gu/kflnsfdf @)%# df :yflkt w'lnv]n c:ktfnn] cfw'lgs k2ltsf ;Sbf] gljgtd\ pks/0f / la2tfaf6 pkrf/fTds ;]jf k'¥ofpg'sf ;fy} lrlsT;f lzIff, :jf:Yo ;fdflhs ljsf; / cg';Gwfg df klg ljsf; Pj+ la:tf/ ul//fv]sf] kl/k|]Iodf w'lnv]n gu/kflnsf, k|b]z ;/sf/sf] :jf:Yo laefu / w'lnv]n c:ktfnsf] ;+o'Qm tTjfwgdf :j:y gu/sf] ljsf; ug{ ;Dea b]lvG5 .

lhNnfjf;Lsf]====== To:t} df3 b]lv r}q;Dd kmf/fd eg{]x?n] h]i7 ! ut] b]lv ;]jf pkef]u ug{ kfpg]5g\ . $* lhNnfdf nfu' ePsf] sfo{qmd sfe|]df klxnf] k6s w'lnv]naf6 z'? ePsf] xf] . aLdf u/fpg] :j+;]jsx?n] j8fut ?kdf hDdf 3/ w'/Lsf] %) k|ltztdf !) k|ltzt, *) k|ltzt;Dd !% / *) k|ltzt dfyL u/fpg]n] @) k|ltzt sld;g k|fKt ug{]5 . gu/ tyf ufpFdf k|d'v / j8fdf j8f cWoIfx?sf] ;+of]hsTjdf ;ldlt u7g x'g]5 . sfe|]knf~rf]s lhNnfsf] xsdf aLdf u/]sf gful/sx?n] w'lnv]n ;fd'bflos c:ktfnaf6 ;]jf k|fKt ug{]5g\ . w'lnv]ndf tLg lbg] sfo{qmdsf] pb\3f6g ub{} gu/ k|d'v czf]s Aof~h'n] :Jff:Yo aLdf sfo{qmdn] ;a} gful/sx?sf nflu pkrf/df kx'Fr k'¥ofP klg ul/j, cNk;+Vos, l;dfGts[t, ckfË / Psn dlxnf eO{ cfo :t/ gePsf AolQmx?sf] xsdf aflif{s ltg{' kg{] lk|ldod /sd ;d]t ltg{ g;Sg] cj:yf /x]sfn] gu/kflnsfn] To:tf AolQmx?nfO{ ;xof]u ug{' kg{] atfP . …aLdf ug{] AolQm / pkrf/ ug{] c:ktfn aLr ;dGjo x'g ;s]g eg] aLdf sfo{qmdn] lg/Gt/tf k|fKt x'g ;Sb}gÚ–gu/ k|d'v czf]s Aof~h'n] eg]–…gful/sn] ug{] aLdf /sd ;dod} c:ktfndf ltg{] / aLdf ul/Psf AolQmx?n] klg tTsfn /sd ltg{] AolQm ;/x g} pkrf/ kfpg' k5{ .Ú w'lnv]n gu/df & xhf/ & ;o 3/ kl/jf/ 5g\ . k|lt kl/jf/ @% ;osf b/n] klg em08} @ s/f]8 /sd hDdf x'G5 .


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g]kfn 3/]n' tyf ;fgf pBf]u dxf;+3, sfe|] hGd, afNosfn, cf}krfl/s lzIffM @)#* d+l;/ % ut] rf}sf]6 l:yt w'lnv]n gu/kflnsf j8f gDj/ % df ;+o'Qm kl/jf/df d]/f] hGd eof] . d]/f] afafsf] % hgf bfh'efO{ ;+o'Qm ?kdf a;fO{ lyof] . & bfh'efO{ / !% lbbLalxgL ;Fu} a:bf c;fWo} /dfO{nf] x'GYof] . afNosfn c;fWo} v'zL, ;'vL / /dfO{nf];Fu laTof] . cefj slxNo} ePg . >L Zj]t u0f]z k|fljaf6 s v z'? u/]+ . sIff ^ b]lv >Lv08k'/ dfljaf6 z'? eof] . P;Pn;L;Dd cWoog ;s]/ sfe|] ax'd'vL SofDk;df cWoog u/]+ . kl5 r}tGo SofDk;df klg cWoog u/] . kßsGof SofDk;df ;+uLt ljifodf cWoog ug{] ;f]r eP klg 5f]/L ePs} sf/0f ;Dej ePg . ;fg} b]lv snfsfl/tfdf ?rL lyof] . ;+o'Qm kl/jf/df a'af dfO{nf] x'g'x'GYof] . a'afsf klg rf/ ;Gtfg lyof}+ . b'O{ 5f]/L / b'O{ 5f]/f ePsfn] ;'vL kl/jf/ lyof] . 5f]/LnfO{ gk9fpg] / 5f]/fnfO{ k9fpg] eGg] lyPg . a'afx? klg lzlIft ePsfn] xfdLnfO{ ;xh lyof] . ;fgf] ;fgf]df ljBfno hfg ?rL lyPg . led;]g 8fF8fdf uP/ v]Ng], ljBfno hfg gdfGg] cj:yf lyof] . ha ljBfno hfg yflnof] To;kl5 lgoldt ljBfno hfg yfn]+ . ljBfno hfg yfn]kl5 slxNo} sIff 5fl8gF . p6\km6\ofË klg ePg . Psk6s b'O{sf] u'0fg gcfpFbf sf/jfxLdf k/]sf] 5' . ljBfno ghfFbf 3/d} a:g], skbL{ v]Ng], u§f 9\ofs v]Ng] u/]sf lyof}+ . efO{ alxgLx?sf] w/fnf] klg nfUg] u/]sf] lyPF . a'af cfdfsf] sf/jfxLdf slxNo} kl/gF . ljBfno ;s]/ km]/L Tolx ljBfnosf] k|fË0fdf v]Ng hfg] u/]sf lyof}+ . rf}sf]6df c+u|]hL ljifo k9fO{Psf] lyPg . sIff ^ ;Dd c+u|]hL ljifo lyPg . >Lv08k'/ uPkl5 cWoogdf s]lx ;d:of eof] . c+u|]hLaf6 k9fpFbf ;d:of eof] . sIff !) df lj/fdL ePsfn] km]n klg ePF . lj/fdLsf sf/0f ljBfno hfg g;Sbf km]n ePsf] lyPF . ljBfnodf cltl/Qm s[ofsnfk x'Gy] . Psk6s lzIfsx?n] /rgf ug{' ePsf] uLt d~rdf uP/ ufPsf lyof}+ . afNosfndf d w]/} kfgL v]Ny]+ . afafn] kfgL gv]Ng' eGbf klg d}n] dflGbgF lyPF . lj/fdL klg x'Gy]+ . kfgLsf sf/0f ePsf] lj/fdL nfdf] ;do;Dd x'g] ePsfn] dnfO{ afafn] Ps k6s 8f]/Ln] afFw]/ /flvlbg' ePsf] lyof] . d]/f] Pshgf ;fyLsf] afaf k|x/Ldf x'g'x'Fbf] /x]5 . pgn] hlxNo} afafsf] 6f]kL nufP/ cfpg] ug{' ePsf] lyof] . ;a} ;fyLx? k|x/L aGg] eGg] ;Nnfx x'GYof] . t/ xfd|f] ;d'xdf sf]lx k|x/L ePg . kl5 Psk6s

ljxfg b]lv a]n'sf;Dd lg/Gt/ d ;+:yfx? dfkm{t g} s[oflzn eO{/x]sf] 5' . s'g} s'g} ;do lsg bf}l8/x]sf] 5' < h:tf] cg'e"lt x'G5 . t/ lg/Gt/sf] s[oflzntfn] ;dfhdf s]lx of]ubfg k'¥ofpg ;lsG5 ls eGg] ;f]rn] nflu/x]sf] 5' .

lzIfs tflnddf ;xefuL x'g] cj;/ kfPF . kl5 lzIfs aGg] /x/ hfUof] . geGb} d sfe|] alx/f ljBfnodf lzIfs ag]+ . km/s Ifdtfsf] lzIfs aGbf cfgGb klg cfpF5 . afNosfndf afafn] 5f]/f hGdg] cfzdf dnfO{ ;f]Rg' ePsf] /x]5 . ha d 5f]/L eP/ hlGdPsf] yfxf kfpg' eP5 pxfF dnfO{ nfdf] ;do cg'xf/ x]g{ klg cfpg' ePg5 . pxfF Aofkfl/s l;nl;nfdf aflx/ x'g'x'Fbf] /x]5 . ha d}n] Tof] s'/f yfxf kfPF clg dxTj a'em]+ To; a]nf 5f]/f dfG5]n] ug{] sfd ;a} ug{ ;S5' eGg] cfF6 / ;fx; knfof] . xfdL rf}sf]6af6 ag]kf;Dd cfpg klg sl7g lyof] . lj/fdL x'Fbf afx]s ag]kf cfPsf] lyO{gF . 3/df cWoog ug{], afFsL /x]sf] ;dodf ljBfnodf cWoog ug{] ubf{ P;Pn;Ldf ;xh t lyof] t/ kmnfdsf] u]6 eGg] xNnfn] 8/ nfUYof] . ag]kfdf k/LIff s]Gb| lyof] P;Pn;Lsf] . k|x/L g} k|x/L x'Gy] . dnfO{ 8/n] dg{' x'GYof] . k|x/Ln] r]s hfFr u/]kl5 xfd|f] ;fQf] hfGYof] . 8/fO{ 8/fO{ lbPsf] k/LIffdf ;f]r]h:tf] kl/0ffd cfPg . afaf pbok'/sf] s6f/Ldf a:g] ePsfn] P;Pn;L lbP/ pt} uPsf] lyPF . kl/Iffkmn k|sfzg ePsf] hfgsf/L t eof] t/ Tolx lbg l/hN6 ;'Gg kfO{Pg . ef]lnkN6 dfq} kl/Iffkmn x]/]+ . t]>f] >]0fLdf kf; eP5' . kf; ePsf]df v'zL nfu]g . sf/0f lyof] d]/f b'O{ hgf ldNg] ;fyLx? km]n ePsf lyP . P;Pn;L kl5M P;Pn;L kl5 SofDk; hfg yfn]+ . 3/df d]/f] h]7L lbbL x\of08Lqmfkm\6 ;DjGwL sfd ug{' x'GYof] . xfdLnfO{ z'? z'?df ;fdfg 5'g} lbg' x'Gg lyof] . lj:tf/} xfdLn] l;Sg yfNof}+ . d]/f] ?rL klg ePsfn] d}n] klg ;fdfgx? agfpg yfn]+ . l;nfO{ a'gfO{ tyf x\of08Lqmfkm\6sf ;fdfg pTkfbgdf b}lgsL laTg yfNof] . sdz{ k9\g /x/ lyPg . @)%& ;fndf sfe|] SofDk;df uP/ cf6{;\df egf{ ePF . efO{x? klg ;Fu} lyP . rf}sf]6 b]lv lx8]/ k'Uof] vf;} cWoog x'Fb}g lyof] . cWoognfO{ lg/Gt/tf lbPF . kf; klg ePF . ljxfg SofDk; hfg] / lbpF;f] lbbLn] ul//x]sf] sfdsf] l;sf] ug{ yfn]+ . pxfFn] k|df0fkq k|fKt u/]/ leQfdf em'08fPsf] b]Vbf dnfO{ klg /x/ nfUYof] . olx sfd u5{' eGg] lyPg . t/ kl5 Tolx sfd ug{ yfn]+ . sIff !@ sf] k/LIff ;s]/ d]/f] ;fyL ;xgzLnfn] sfe|] alx/f :s'ndf ;f+s]lts efiff l;Sg] cj;/ ;'gfO{g\ . pgsf] alxgL d;Fu w]/} ldlNyg\ . pgn] tflnddf hfpF eg]kl5 3/df sfd lyPg To;} a:g' eGbf hfg' /fd|f] eg]/ tflnd lng uPF . s[i0fKof/L ld;n] ;f+s]lts efiff ;Fu} v]nf}gf tflnddf k7fpg' eof] . efiff tflnd, v]nf}gf tflnd ;Fu} kfn{/ tflnd l;s]+ . vfnL ;do pkof]u u/]/ ;a} tflndx? lnPsf] lyPF . ha ;f+s]lts efiff l;s]/ alx/f efO{ alxgLx?;Fu 3'nldn ug{ yfn]+ xfdL plgx?s} nflu hlGdPsf] cg'ej eof] . klxnf] lbg d]/f] km/s cg'ej eof] . Pshgf lzIfs cfpg' eof] . d}n] 7'nf] :j/n] gd:sf/ u/]+ pxfF af]Ng' ePg . w]/} k6s lrRofPF t/ ;'Gg' ePg . kl5 pxfFn] ;f+s]lts efiffaf6 gd:sf/ u/]kl5 d}n] aNn yfxf kfPF . AolQm x]bf{ To:tf] b]lvg' x'Fb}g lyof] . Tof] s'/fn] dnfO{ alx/f AolQmx?sf] ;d:ofdf xfd|f] e"ldsfsf] af/]df dg v]nfPF . otf d]/f] ;fyL ;xglznfsf] alxgL klg alx/f lyO{g\ . pgL d ;Fu af]Ng cfpFbf sfkLdf n]v]/ s'/fsfgL x'GYof] . sfkLsf] kfgf el/GYof] t/ s'/f ;lsb}g lyof] . dge/L s'/f ug{ d}n] pgnfO{ efiff l;sfpg cg'/f]w u/]+ . pgn] s]lx zAbx? l;sfPsL lyO{g\ . ;w} cEof; x'Fbf g cfpg] xf] Ps lbg l;sfP/ pgL hflGyg\ km]/L d}n] lj;{Gy]+ . pgL / d b'a} hgf tflnddf cfpFbf pgL klg v'zL eO{g\ . dnfO{ klg ;xh eof] . xfdL b'a}

8fo/L dgsf] df]tL/fd ltdlN;gf hgf v'zL eof}+ . alx/fx?;Fu efiff l;Sbf jf af]Nbf cfgGb cfpg yfNof] . kl5 dnfO{ g} alx/f /x]5 eGg yfn] . !# jif{ b]lv lg/Gt/ d Tolx efiffsf] lzIfs eP/ sfd ug{] cj;/ kfPsf] 5' . z'?df d}n] efiff tflnd l;s]sf] lyPF . alx/f ljBfnodf cWofkg k9fpg] lzIfs tflndsf] l;nl;nfdf aflx/ eP kl5 d}n] sfd ug{ yfn]+ . kl5 Tolx lzIfs cfjZostf eP/ d}n] lgoldt k9fpg] cj;/ kfPF . alx/fx? klg x'G5g\ / < To:tf] cg'e"lt eof] . ljBfno zfGt 5 . 3/df d]/f] bfO{ klg sd sfg ;'Gg'x'G5 t/ alx/f x'g'x'Gg . slxn]sfFlx nfU5 s;/L plgx?;Fu 5'l§pm . l/; klg p7\5 . plgx?sf] cj:yf yf]/} AolQmnfO{ dfq} x'G5 . ;+rf/sf] ;d:of 5 . ;+rf/sf] ;'ljwf plgx?nfO{ gx'g] xf] eg] ;+;f/ cFWof/f] x'G5 . z'?df alx/f ljBfnodf s]lx klg lyPg . kfFr hgf lzIfs / yf]/} ljBfyL{x? lyof}+ . clxn] ljBfyL{x? w]/} 5g\ . xfd|f] ;+Vof klg w]/} 5 . ljBfyL{x?nfO{ cWoogsf cnfjf cltl/Qm tflndsf] Aoj:yf ul/Psf] 5 . snf If]qnfO{ cuf8L a9fPsf 5f}+ . ^^ hgf ljBfyL{x? lgoldt sIffdf cfpg] u/]sf 5g\ . plgx?sf] rfxgf w]/} 5 . cj;/ 5}g . ;a}yf]sn] ;DkGg eP klg ;'Gg gkfpFbf, x]g{ gkfpFbf, ;'g]/ gfRg g;Sbf kL8faf]w x'g] /x]5 . dnfO{ eG5g\ xfdL klg sfg ;'Gg ;Sg] eP ltdLx?sf] eGbf /fd|f] gfRg ;SYof}+ . t/ klg plgx? ;f+s]lts efiffd} /fd|f] k|ltef b]vfpg ;S5g\ . ljBfnon] Tof] jftfj/0f pknAw u/fPsf] 5 . cWoog u/]/ plQ0f{ ePsf clwsf+z ljBfyL{x? s'g} g s'g} If]qdf sfo{/t 5g\ . ag]kfs} zfg kmlg{r/, a]s/L Sofkm]x?df plgx?n] cj;/ kfPsf 5g\ . dnfO{ klg Tof] ljBfno / plgx?;Fusf] ;fdLKotf 5f8\g} dg 5}g . Tof] dfof / ddtf gePsf] ;fob d Aofkf/ / pBf]udf x'Gy] x'Fnf . ;fgf tyf 3/n ] ' pBfu ] ;Fu cfj4M 3/df lbbLn] xfdL ;fg} x'Fbf x\ofl08qmfkm\6 ;DjGwL ;fdfg agfpbFf dnfO{ klg nfUYof] s;/L ug{] xf]nf < xfdLn] ;fdfg 5'bFf klg pxfn F ] lbg' x'bF}g lyof] . lj:tf/} xfdL 7"nf] x'Fb} uP kl5 ;xh eof] . cfkm"nfO{ dg nfu]sf] ;fdfg agfpg lbbLn] g} ;xof]u k'¥ofpg' eof] . x:tsnfsf] ;fdfg agfP/ 3/df ;hfpbFf cfgGb cfpYFof] . s]lx ;fdfg kl5 ljqmL u/]+ . z'?df agfPsf ;a} ;fdfg ;hfP/ /fv]sf] lyPF . z'?df olx xf] d]/f] sfd eg]/ nfu]+ . ha alx/f ljBfnodf efiffsf] tflnd kl5 lgoldt sfd ug{ yfn]+ To;kl5 To;nfO{ cuf8L a9fpg sd eof] . t/ d ;+:yf;uF cfj4 ePF . /d]zsfhL >]i7, ejfgL hf]zL nufotsf cu|hx?n] dnfO{ x:tsnfdf sfd ul//xbFf ;b:o aGg cfu|x ug{'eof] . ToxfF ;b:o ag]kl5 dnfO{ ;xh x'bF} uof] . pxfxF?n] klg dnfO{ cuf8L a9fpbF} n}hfg' eof] . cWoIf aG5' eGg] klg ;f]r]sf] lyO{gF . cu|hx? x'bFf x'bF} dnfO{ cWoIf aGg /x/ lyPg . /f]zgL pkfWofo, O{Zj/L lbbL nufotn] dlxnfx?n] g]t[Tj ug{'k5{ . dlxnfx?n] g} ;+:yfnfO{ cuf8L a9fpbFf emg\ /fd|f] x'G5 eGg] ;Gb]z lbpF eg]/ ;Demfpg' eof] . y'k|} cu|h / ;xsdL{x?sf] ;fyaf6 cWoIf aGg] cj;/ k|fKt eof] . dnfO{ y'k|} cj;/ / r'gf}tLn] 3]l/Psf] cg'e"lt ePsf] 5 . kSs} klg xf] r'gf}tL / cj;/ Ps csf{sf kl/k'/s x'g\ . lhDd]jf/L ylkPsf] 5 . /flt lgb|f klg nfUb}g . klxnf] dlxnf cWoIf ePsf] 5' . d eGbf cl3sf] cWoIfn] w]/} /fd|f] ug{' ePsf] 5 . d]/f] pBf]un] ult lng ;s]sf] 5}g . alxgLx?n] Tof] pBf]unfO{ cuf8L a9fP klg klxnfsf] h:tf] 5}g . cGo lhNnfx?df ;+:yfsf] cfkm\g} ejg 5 . xfd|f]df ejg 5}g . ejg lgdf{0f u/L pTkflbt ;fdfu|Lx? Tolxaf6 ljqmL ljt/0f / k|b{zg ug{] nIo 5 . lhNnfsf] y'k|} pTkfbg / cj;/ 5 . u'/f;Fsf] h';, l;:g', cNnf], nA;L h:tf pTkfbgx? 5g\ . ;a}nfO{ pBdL agfpg], pBdlzntfaf6 d'n'sdf ;d[l4 xfl;n ug{] of]hgf 5 . nA;Lsf] Aoj;foLs v]lt z'? ul/Psf] 5 . pBdLx?sf] cfsif{0f 5 t/ nufgL cg';f/sf] k|ltkmn 5}g . ahf/ /fd|f] 5}g . ahf/sf] vf]hL ubf{ nfut kfpg sl7g 5 . 5l/P/ /x]sf ;fgf–;fgf pBdLx?nfO{ ;+:yfut ug{], pxfxF?sf] pTkfbgnfO{ ahf/;Dd k'¥ofpg] sfddf xfdL cu|;/ 5f}+ . l;k l;sfpg], C0fdf ;x'lnot k|bfg ug{], k|ljlw x:tfGt/0f ug{] h:tf sfo{qmd klg 5g\ . AolQmsf] cfjZostf cg';f/ k|ljlw dfkm{t pTkfbg a9fpg ;xof]u ug{] 5f}+ . dlxnfx?sf nflu ;x'lnot b/df ! nfv ?k}of;FDd C0f nufgL eO{/x]sf] 5 . eljZodf ;fgf] ;fgf] k'FhLdf z'? ePsf pBf]ux? dfkm{t 3/3/df pBdL agfpg] of]hgf 5 . g]kfn 3/]n' tyf ;fgf pBf]u dxf;+3n] pBdLx?sf] klxrfg / pTkfbgsf] ljqmL ljt/0fdf ;xof]u k'¥ofpg] 5 . ;xsf/Ldf cfa4M d]/f] ;fdflhs hLjgsf] z'?jft g} ;xsf/L xf] . @) jif{sf] ;fwf/0f ;ef ;DkGg eO{ ;s]sf] 5 . nIdL dlxnf art tyf C0f ;xsf/L ;+:yf

lnld6]8sf] afn artdf d ;b:o ePF . aRr} lyPF . lj:tf/} afn artaf6 a}7sdf hfg], s'/fsfgL u/]/ ;dfh kl/jt{g tyf ;d[4Lsf s'/f ug{] ubf{ dnfO{ ;xh x'GYof] . afn artaf6 z]o/ ;b:o ePF . z]o/ ;b:o ePsf] s]lx ;dodf ;+rfns ;b:o ePF . ;+rfns ;b:o eP nuQ} dnfO{ sfo{qmd ;+rfng ug{] lhDd]jf/L k|fKt eof] . pb\3f]if0fsf] snf tyf pb\3f]if0fdf ePsf sdhf]/L ;'wfg{ cWoIf lty{dfof k|wfgn] ;xof]u ug{'eof] . ;xsf/Lsf sf/0f dlxnfx?sf] gful/stf aGg yfNof] . ;xsf/Laf6 C0f lng / art ug{ gful/stf cfjZos eP kl5 gful/stf agfpg] nx/ rNof] . ;Dkltsf] dflns dlxnfx? aGg yfn] . dlxnfx? ;Lksf wgL x'g yfn] . C0f lnP/ pBd ug{] / cfTdlge{/ aGg yfn] . z'?df ;+:yf k|lt cljZjf; ug{]x? w]/} lyP . lj:tf/} cWoIfHo" nufot ;b:ox?sf] lg/Gt/sf] k|of;af6 ;xsf/L cuf8L al9/x]sf] 5 . nIdL dlxnf artn] dlxnfx? nflu cuf8L a9fpg u/]sf] e"ldsf ;Xflgo 5 . l;kd'ns tflnd k|bfg ug{] u/]sf 5f}+ . lzIff ;ldltaf6 lzIff, s[lif tflnd, cfo–cfh{g ;DjGwL tflnd lbO{/x]sf 5f}+ . dlxnfx?sf] ;zlQms/0fn] xfdLnfO{ ;Gt'i6L ;Fu} cfufdL lbgdf yk s] ug{] eGg] of]hgfdf 5f}+ . ca ;a} ;DklQsf dflns x'g yfn]sf 5f}+ . ;a} gful/sx?nfO{ ul/jLsf] /]vfd'gLaf6 dfyL Nofpg eO{/x]sf k|of; lg/Gt/ eO{/x]sf 5g\ . ;fdflhs ;+3 ;+:yfdf cfa4M d of]ufdf dxfdGqL kbdf sfo{/t 5' . ljlk8An' eGg] ;+:yfdf klg cfj4 5' . sfe|] alx/f ljBfnodf lzIfs, g]kfn 3/]n' tyf ;fgf pBf]usf] cWoIf, ;xsf/Ldf ;+rfns 5' . cGo s]lx ;+:yfdf klg cfa4 5' . ljxfg b]lv a]n'sf;Dd lg/Gt/ d ;+:yfx? dfkm{t g} s[oflzn eO{/x]sf] 5' . s'g} s'g} ;do lsg bf}l8/x]sf] 5' < h:tf] cg'e"lt x'G5 . t/ lg/Gt/sf] s[oflzntfn] ;dfhdf s]lx of]ubfg k'¥ofpg ;lsG5 ls eGg] ;f]rn] nflu/x]sf] 5' . s]lx :yfgdf sfd ubf{ yf]/} yf]/} /sd k|fKt x'G5 . pQm k};fn] lghL hLjg ;+rfng ePsf] 5 . @)^) ;fnaf6 lgoldt cfDbfgL x'g yfNof] . klxnf klxnf klg 6f]kL a'g]/ cfDbfgL x'g] u/]sf] lyof] . d}n] sdfO{ u/]sf] s]lx /sd art klg u/]sf] 5' . 5f]/L ePs} sf/0f c;xh 5}g . 3/df hlta]nf cfP klg k|Zg p7\b}g < lhDd]jf/L kbdf a;]/ sfd ug{ rfFlx 5f]/LnfO{ clns sl7gfO{ /x]5 . ;a} ;d'xdf 3'nldn x'g g;lsg] /x]5 . AolQmx?n] s'/f sf6\g], cuf8L a9\g vf]Hbf dlxnf xf] s] ug{ ;lSn / < eg]/ xf]Rofpg] sfd x'Fbf] /x]5 . klxnf klg d 3/]n' tyf ;fgf pBf]udf kbflwsf/Ld} s[oflzn lyPF . k|]d / ljjfxM k|]d u/]s} 5}g . ljjfxsf] ;f]r ag]sf] 5}g . k|]d k|:tfj klg cfPsf] 5}g . d}n] klg u/]sf] 5}g . ljBfno hLjgdf Tof] ;Defjgf lyPg . SofDk; cWoog ubf{ klg efO{x? klg ;fyd} x'Gy] . s;}n] klg k|]d k|:tfj /fVg] / kq cfbfg k|bfg ug{] cj:yf lyPg . kf]:6sf8{ cfbfg k|bfg x'GYof] . Tof] ;a}df x'GYof] . ;fdflhs cleofgdf klg 5}g . clxn];Dd klg k|:tfj g} 5}g . dnfO{ klg sf]lx dg k/]sf] 5}g . ljjfxsf nflu dfG5] tof/ ePsf] 5}g . ljjfxsf] k|:tfj cfPsf] lyof] . b'O{ k6s 3/df s'/f cfof] . d}n] pxfFx?nfO{ tTsfn ljjfx gug{] va/ u/]kl5 kl5 s'/f ePsf] 5}g . tTsfn d}n] ljjfx ug{] of]hgf agfPsf] 5}g . /fhgLltM /fhgLlt xfn;Dd u/]sf] 5}g . k|:tfj cfP klg EofPsf] 5}g . tTsfn ;f]r klg 5}g . b'Mvsf] If0fM afafsf] d'6'sf] ck|];g u/]sf] ;dodf c;fWo} kL8f dx;'; ePsf] lyof] . hLjgM ;+3if{ . nIo / ;kgf lnP/ cuf8L a9]kl5 xfdL ;kmn x'G5f}+ . Ifdtf n'sfP/ xf]O{g b]vfP/ cuf8L a9\g cg'/f]w ub{5f}+ .

***

k|fO{d PkmPd !)$=% d]ufxh{sf] ljxfgL lrGtg sfo{qmd cGtu{t zlgjf/sf] lbg ul/Psf] JolQmsf] JolQmut hLjgsf ef]ufO{ af/]sf] s'/fsfgLsf] ;f/f+z . k|ltlqmofsf] nflu M motiramtimalsina@gmail.com


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sn]h xl:k6fln6L Dofg]hd]G6

· cfhef]lnsf] b}lgls s;/L laTb}5 < ljBfyL{ hLjg /dfOnf] g} 5 . laxfgsf] ;do OG6/g];gn sn]h ckm xl:k6fln6L Dofg]hd]G6 -cfO l; or Pd_ df k9fOsf] l;nl;nfdf laTb}5 . clg lbpF;f] ;]km xfp; l/;f]6{df csfpG6]gsf] ?kdf sfo{/t 5' . · xf]6n Dofg]hd]G6 laifo lsg 5fGg'eof] < xf]6]n d]g]hd]G6 laifo xf]6]n;Fu dfq ;DalGwt geO ko{6s x?sf] ;]jf / ;Tsf/, ljleGg 6«fen Ph]G;L nufPt ljleGg If]qx?;Fu hf]l8Psf] 5 . ha b]lv d}n] xf]6]nsf] af/]df a'em] Tolx lbgaf6 of] If]qdf elaio agfp5' egL ;f]rsf] ;fy xfn ;Dd olx laifodf cWog/t 5' . · xf6]n Dofgh ] dG]6sf ljBfyLx{?sf nflu s] s:tf cj;/ 5g < sf7df8f} pkTosfdf ;'lawf ;DkGg clg kfFr tf/] xf]6]nx?sf] ;+Vof a9\b} 5 . To;}u/L of] laifo cWog ug]{ ljBfyL{x? klg w]/} g} 5\g . k]zf eGg] s'/f bIftf, k9fOsf] Ifdtf / cfˆgf] ?lr cg';f/ ug]{ xf] . xfdL xl:k6fln6L OG8:6«Lsf laBfyL{ xftdf ;Lk clg cfˆgf] k9fOsf] tx k"/f u/] kl5 a]/f]huf/ a:g' kb}{g . To;}n] ubf{ ko{6g;Fu ;DalGwt ljleGg If]qx¿df Pskl5 csf]{ ca;/ cfO g} /xG5 . cfkm" ;lqmo eP/ a;] kl5 hfuL/ kfO g} xflnG5 . · a}b]lzs /f]huf/Lsf nflu a9L s]lGb|t xf] of] laifo < b'aO{, stf/ cf]dg nufPt cGo d'n'sdf xf]6]n lkmN8df /fd|f] dfu cfO/x]sf] 5 . of] laifo j}b]lzs /f]huf/sf] nflu al9 s]lG›t x'G5 eGg] s'/f dflg;sf] cf–cfˆgf] ;f]rdf km/s kb{5 . ha ls sn]hdf cf7 b; nfv vr{ u/]/ k9] kl5 g]kfndf dfl;s !%–@) xhf/ tnan] sfd ug{ sf]lx rfxb}gg / lab]z knfog eP/ cfˆgf] Ifdtf / k9fOsf] tx cg';f/ /fd|f] sdfO / pRr txdf

o'jf;“u !) k|Zg e'jg /fodfemL

k'U5\g\ . · xf]6n Dofg]hd]G6sf ljBfyL{n] ;le{; kmf]s; x'g rfxG5g lsg < g]kfnd} Aoj;fosf] ;Defjgf 5}g / < xf]6]n nfOg eg]sf] cfˆgf] nflu cfkm}n] b'Mv ug]{ If]q xf] . hlt ;+3if{ clg ldx]gt ul/G5 Tolx cg';f/sf] sdfO{ x'g] ub{5 . To;}n] ;le{; l8kf6{d]G6df dflg;x? a9L k|fyldstf lbg] ub{5\g\ . g]kfn h:tf] hn;|f]tdf laZjs} bf];|f] wgL b]z clg k|fs[lts ;Dkbfn] el/k"0f{ 7fpFdf Aoa;fosf] ;Defagf gx'g] t s'/} ePg dfq ljBfyL{sf] dfgl;stfdf c?sf] sfd ug]{ / pRr txdf k'Ug] ;f]rn] ubf{ Aoa;fo ug]{df sd}sf] ;f]r x'G5 . · km';{bsf] ;dodf s] ug{ dg k/fpg'x'G5 < km';{bsf] ;dosf] ;b'kof]u ug{ ;fyLefOx? ;Fu e]63f6 ug]{ gofF s'/fsf] vf]h cg';Gwfg ug]{ ;fdflhs ;~hfndf s'/f ug]{ nufot gofF 7fpFdf 3'Dg dg k/fp5' . · cfˆgf] hLjgsf] nIo s] lng'ePsf] 5 < lsg < d xf]6]n Aoa;fosf] laBfyL{ ePsf] sf/0fn] olx If]qdf s]xL ug{ rfxfG5' . cfˆgf] cWoog kZrft lstfaL 1fgnfO{ Aoaxf/df ptfg]{ p2]Zon] cfˆg} 7fpFdf Aoa;fo u/]/ w]/}nfO{ /f]huf/L lbg] ;f]r agfPsf] 5' . lab]zL e'lddf ul/g] ldx]gt cfˆg} 7fpFdf xfdL h:tf o'afx?n] ug{] xf] eg] ;d[4 g]kfn xfd|} kfnfdf ;Dej 5 . · bz ] df oj'fx? lg/fz bl]vG5g lsg xfn ] f < s] bz ] df sg ' } ;Defjgfg} 5g } <

hgdt ;Ddfg 3f]if0ff

;ftj6} k|b]zsf AolQmTj ;Ddflgt x'g] ag]kf÷hgdt jfª\do k|lti7fgåf/f x/]s jif{ k|bfg ul/Fb} cfPsf ;Ddfgx¿ o; jif{klg 3f]if0ff ul/Psf] 5 . jl/i7 lzIff;]jL, lzIffljb\ tyf n]vs 8f= ;'/]z/fh zdf{nfO{ x[borGb| jl/i7 hgdt ;fws ;Ddfg, jl/i7 snfsf/ xl/k|;fb zdf{nfO{ hgdt–dx]Gb|nfn snfsf/ ;Ddfg, ;flxlTos kqsf/ lx/0os'df/L kf7snfO{ ef/tL–hgdt ;flxlTos kqsfl/tf ;Ddfg, ;flxTo cleoGtf tyf efiff;]jL xlgkm ldofFnfO{ hgdt–hgs ;] j f ;Ddfg, jl/i7 afn;flxTosf/ ljgos'df/ s;h"nfO{ hgdt–s]bf/÷;'bz{gf afn;flxTo ;Ddfgn] ;Ddflgt ul/g] 5 . o;}u/L jl/i7 ;flxTosf/ tyf ;flxlTos cleoGtf sfhL /f]zgnfO{

u0f]z÷lvns'df/L b'jfn–hgdt ;Ddfg, jl/i7 syfsf/ b]ljsf ltdlN;gfnfO{ bLkf–hgdt ;Ddfg, wflbªsL ;flxTosf/ ?s' sfsL{nfO{ s]jnk'/]–hgdt ;Ddfg, ;flxTo;]jL cg'/fwf zdf{nfO{ sdnf ;}+h"–hgdt ;Ddfg / :ofª\hfsf ;lqmo o'jf ;flxTosf/ ldng ;dL/nfO{ hgdt–/fhefO ;xofqL ;Ddfgn] ;Ddflgt ul/g] 5 . hgdt k|sfzgsf] #% cf}+ jflif{sf]T;jsf cj;/df r}q @# ut] ag]kfdf cfof]hgf x'g] sfo{qmddf k|To]s ;Ddflgt k|ltefx?nfO{ % xhf/ kfFr gub /fzL ;lxt ;Ddfgx¿ k|bfg ul/g] cWoIf df]xg b'jfnn] hfgsf/L lbPsf 5g\ . o; jif{sf] hgdt jflif{s lbj;sf cj;/df x'g] j[xt\ ;flxlTos ;df/f]xsf ljlzi6 clyltx? & k|b]zsf @÷@ hgf ;|i6fx? x'g]5g\ .

ag]kf÷c/lgsf] oftfoft ;]jf ;ldltsf] kmfu'g !% ut] ;DkGg lgjf{rgaf6 lgjf{lrt kbflwsf/Lx?sf] agef]h, aBfO{ tyf z'esfdgf / r08]Zj/L dlGb/df Ifdf k"hf ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . lgjf{lrt kbflwsf/Lx?nfO{ g]kfn oftfoft Aoj;foL /fli6«o dxf;+3sf cWoIf of]u]Gb|gfy sdf{rfo{ nufotn] awfO{ / z'esfdgf lbPsf lyP . lgjf{rgaf6 lrqaxfb'/ s'Fj/n] @ ;o #! dt k|fKt u/L cWoIfdf lgjf{lrt ePsf lyP . pgsf k|Tof;L p4j uf}tdn] ! ;o @( / s]zj ef/tLn] ! ;o @& dt k|fKt u/]sf lyP . al/i7 pkfWoIfdf g[kWjh dxt, xl/eQm >]i7, afns[i0f >]i7, lgjf{lrt eP eg] pkfWoIf If]q gDj/ ! sf nflu lbnaxfb'/ >]i7 s'df/_, If]q gDj/ @ sf nflu hLjg v8\sf / If]q gDj/ # sf nflu s[i0faxfb'/ kGy b]zsf] jt{dfg kl/j]z b]v]/ o'jfx? lg/fz e};s] . hlt g} k9] klg cfˆgf] k9fOsf] :t/ / Ifdtf cg';f/sf] /f]huf/L 5}g kmn:j¿k b}lgs ;of}+ sf] ;+Vofdf lab]z knfPg e}/x]sf 5g\ . b]zdf ;Defjgf t 5 t/ To;nfO{ kl/rfng ug]{ k'lh clg pko'Qm oGq pks/0fsf] cefjn] ubf{ lab]zL e"lddf cfˆgf] /ut / kl;gf aufpg afWo 5g\ . · dfof k|]ddf kg{' ePsf] 5 < o'jfx? k|]ddf lsg laZjf; sd u5{g < of] pd]/ eg]sf] dfof k|]d, dgf]/~hg, / ela:o lgdf{0fsf] ;do xf] . dfof k|]d t e} g} xfN5 t/ elaiosf] nflu eg]/ Tolt ;do lbPsf] 5}g . dlxnfsf] t'ngfdf k'?ifx? k|]ddf sd g} laZjf; u5{g\ lsgeg] k|s[ltn] g} k'?ifx?nfO s'g} s'/fdf ulxl/P/ g;f]Rg] clg dgdf hlt g} kL8f eP lg aflx/L ?kdf d':sfgsf ;fy cfˆgf] dgnfO{ s7f]/ agfpb} b}lgs sfo{ ;Dkfbg u/]sf 5g\ . · cGTodf======= cGTodf g]kfn h:tf] :ju{sf] 6'qmfdf hGd]/ klg xfdL /ut / kl;gf aufpg c:6«]lnof, cd]l/sf hfkfg, b'a}, stf/ nufot ljleGg b]z eGb} ef}tf/L /x]sf 5f} . g]kfnsf] hn hldg / hg;+VofnfO{ pRrtd\ ?kdf k|of]u ug{]{ xf] eg] /f]huf/Lsf] nflu sf]lx klg lab]lzg' kb}{g . To;u/L xf]6n Aoa;fosf] nflu klg lab]zL ko{6ssf] cxd\ e'ldsf /x]sf] 5 .

dxfef/t ufp“kflnsfdf lzIfs e]nf /]vaxfb'/ /vfn÷a'9fvfgL g]kfn /fli6«o lzIfs ;u+7g dxfef/t ufpF ;ldtLsf] cfof] h gfdf ufpFkflnsf :t/Lo lzIfs e]nfsf] cfof]hgf u/]sf] 5 . e]nfsf] k|d'v cltyL g]kfn /fli6«o lzIfs ;u+7g sfe|]sf cWoIf Zofd kf08]sf] k|d'v cfltYotfdf ;DkGg ePsf] lyof] . sfo{qmddf ;u+7gsf pkfWoIf r]t k|;fb zdf{, ;lra /fdrGb| yfkf sf]iffWoIf dfwa bfxfn, lzIfs dxf;3+ kgf}tLsf cWoIf ;'b{zg

e§/fO{, k|b]z k|ltlgwL k'08/L k|;fb ltdlN;gf, hgdxf]g cfwf/e't ljBfnosf lzIfs /fd jnL bg'jf/, k'0f{ axfb'/ 3nfg, nIdLdfof uf]n] clvn ls;fg dxf;3+ k'j{ s]lGb|o ;b:o ;'/y l; nfdf nufPtsf AolQmx?n] dGtAo /fv]sf lyP . en ] fdf :jfut dGtao dxef/t ufpF dxf;3s + f ;b:o g/sd'f/ :ofªtfgn] /fvs ] f lyP eg] en ] fsf] ;efkltTj cWoIf lx/f axfb/' /fgfsf] ;efkltTjdf ;DkGg ePsf] lyof] . en ] fdf ^% hgf lzIfsx?sf] pkl:ylt /xs ] f] lyof] .

tflndsf] ;dfkg ub}{ ;+:yfsf cWoIf k|sfz a~hf/fn] ;+:yfsf ;~rfns, sd{rf/L tyf ;b:osf] Ifdtf clej[l4sf nflu ;+:yfn] jif}{ e/ ljleGg k|sf/sf ultljlw ub}{ cfPsf] / ub}{ hfg] atfpFb} cflh{t ;Lk pTkfbgd"ns If]qdf nufpg ;xefuLx?nfO{ cfu|x u/] . ;+:yfsf k|d'v sfo{sf/L clws[t dbg a:g]tn] cfkm"df lglxt IfdtfnfO{ k|efjsf/L ?kdf k|:t't ug{ tyf cfkm\gf z]o/ ;b:o Pj+ ;xsf/Lk|]dLdfem ;fd'bflossf] ;Gb]z k|jfx ug{ tflnd kmnbfoL x'g]df ljZjf; JoQm u/] .

w'lnv]n÷dfp06 Eo" OËln; af]l8{Ë :s"n w'lnv]nsf] #$ cf}+ cleefjs lbj; tyf k'/:sf/ ljt/0f ;df/f]x sfo{qmd ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . jl/i7 ;flxTosf/ df]xgk|;fb b'jfnsf] k|d'v cfltYotfdf ;DkGg pQm sfo{qmddf ljBfnosL lzlIfsf nIdL a:g]tn] :jfut dGtJo /fv]sL lyOg\ . sfo{qmddf ljleGg ljBfnosf k|wfgfWofks, ;+3;+:yfsf k|ltlglw, ;~rf/ dfWodsf k|ltlglw Pj+ cleefjsx?sf] pNn]Vo ;xeflutf /x]sf] lyof] . sfo{qmddf

ljBfnosf afnaflnsfx?n] g[To, km]zg zf], sfF6f nufotsf] dgf]/~hgfTds sfo{qmd k|:t't u/]sf lyP . To;}u/L sfo{qmddf P;O{O{ @)&$ sf ljBfyL{x?nfO{ dfofsf] lrgf] ljt/0f ul/Psf] lyof] eg] pTs[i6 lzIff ;Ddfg / cleefjs ;Ddfg ul/Psf] lyof] . sfo{qmd ljBfno Joj:yfkg ;ldltsf cWoIf Pj+ ;+:yfks lgb{]zs /f]dL k|;fb >]i7sf] ;efkltTjdf ;DkGg ePsf] lyof] eg] sfo{qmd ;+rfng ;'ldgf dfgGw/ / /fd]Zj/ /fjnn] u/]sf lyP .

jg 89]nf] ;DjlGw l8lehg jg sfof{no sfe|]sf] ;"rgf

jg jGohGt' ;+/If0f ;DjGwL ;"rgf

r}q, a}zfv / h]7 dlxgf udL{sf dlxgf x'g o; ;dodf jg h+undf cfunfuL x'g] jf jgdf 89]nf] nfUg] ;Defjgf a9L x'G5 . h;sf sf/0f jif]{gL cd"No jg h+un, jg:ktL, jGohGt' / ltgsf jf;:yfg hn]/ gi6 x'G5g\ . To;}n] jgdgf 89]nf] nfUg glbO{ jg h+unnfO{ hf]ufpg / 89]nf] nfuL xfn]df ;f] sf] t'/Gt lgoGq0f ug{ ;Dk"0f{ ;fd'bflos jg, salnotL jgsf ;b:ox? / cfd hg;d"bfodf xflb{s cg'/f]w ub{5f} . jg P]g @)$( sf] bkmf $( -v_ cg';f/ h+undf cfuf] nufpg' b08lgo ck/fw dflgG5 . jg P]g cg';f/ jg 89]nf] nufpg] JolQmnfO{ jg h+unsf] xfgL gf]S;fgLsf] ;Dk"0f{ ljuf] c;'n u/L bz xhf/ ?k}of+ ;Dd hl/jfgf / Ps jif{ ;Dd s}b jf b'j} ;hfo+ x'g] sfg"gL k|fjwfg 5 . jg h+un xfd|f] /fli6«o ;Dkbf xf], To;}n] x/]s gful/sn] jg h+unsf] ;+/If0f ug'{ cfk\mgf] st{Jo ;DemL jg 89]nf] lgoGq0f ug]{ sfo{df ;xefuL jgf}+ . ctM jgdf cfuf] gnufcf}+, nfu]sf] b]v]df t'?Gt lgefcf}+ / o;sf] hfgsf/L ;DjGwLt lgsfodf t'?Gt lbcf}+ .

jg jGohGt',hl8a'6L xfd|f] cd'No lgwL xf], o;sf] ;+/If0f ug'{ xfd|f] ;femf bfloTj xf] To;}n] o;sf] ;+/If0f u/f}{ . sf]lx s;}n] ?v lj?jf sf6\g', xfgL gf]S;fgL ug'{ jf hfgL jf ghfgL u}x|–sfg"gL 9+un] jg k}bfjf/ cf];f/ k;f/ ug'{ jf jGohGt' dfg'{, lzsf/ ug'{ jf kf;f] yfKg' jf ltgLx?sf] jf;:yfg g:6 ug'{ jf cv]6f] kxf/ cf];f/ k;f/ ug'{ h3Go ck/fw dflgG5 . o:tf sfo{ u/] u/fPdf jg P]g @)$( tyf /fli6«o lgs'~h tyf jGohGt' ;+/If0f P]g @)@( adf]lhd ;hfo+ x'g] Joxf]/f ;d]t hfgsf/Lsf] nfuL cg'/f]w 5 . t;y{ sf]lx s;}n] o:tf u}x| sfg"gL sfo{ gug"{ gu/fpg' x'g / o:tf sfo{ u/] u/fO{sf] b]v], hfg] ;'g]df t'/Gt l8lehg jg sfof{no, lhNnf k|x/L sfof{no tyf lhNnf k|zf;g sfof{no sfe|]knf~rf]sdf hfgsf/L u/fO{ lbg' x'g xflb{s cg'/f]w 5 .

;Dk{ssf] nfuL

l8lehg jg sfof{no sfe|] )!!$()!&%, )!!$()%*^ lhNnf k|zf;g sfof{no sfe|] )!!$()!@# lhNnf k|x/L sfof{no sfe|] )!!$()@)@, !!$()@#)

d]G6n x]Ny xfkm Dof/fy'g k|ltof]lutf

kgf}tL÷kgf}tL d]G6n x]Ny xfkm Dof/fy'g k|ltof]lutf cGtu{t dlxnf tkm{ @! lsnf]ld6/ bf}8df lk|of tfdfª eO{ @) xhf/ ?k}of gub xft kf/]sL 5g\ . k|ltof]lutdf bf];|f] nIdL tfdfª / t];|f]sf] pkflw dvdnL jfOjfn] xft kf/]sL lyO{g . @! lsnf]ld6/ k'?iftkm{ ;'dg s'n'ª k|yd ePsf lyP . k'?iftkm{ bf];|f]sf] pkflw dx]z hf]zL / t];|f]sf] pkflw ;'jfif sfsL{n] xft kf/]sf 5g\ . dfgl;s :jf:Yosf] If]qdf sfd ub}{ cfPsf] dgf]:kGbg g]kfnn] sfe|] lhNnfsf] kgf}tL gu/kflnsfdf Dof/fy'g bf}8 k|ltof]lutf cfof]hgf ug]{ ePsf] 5 . lkmlhsn x]Nysf] dfq w]/} rrf{ e}/x]sf] a]nf cfd ;j{;fwf/0fnfO{ dfgl;s :jf:Yosf] af/]df hgr]tgf hufpg of] k|ltof]lutf cfof]hgf u/]sf] xf] . sf7df8fs }+ f] ljhn ' L ahf/df /xs ] f] dgf:]kGbg gk]fnn] kgft}L $ 6fv } fn l:yt >L clDasf afn ljsf; cfwf/et' ljBfno kf|ªu\0faf6 kl|tofl]utf z? ' ePsf] lyof] . kl|tofl]utfdf @! lsnfl]d6/ bf8}df !^ jif{ dflysfn] dfq efu lng kfpg] 5g\ . @!

lsnfl]d6/sf] ?6 clDasf afnljsf; cfwf/et' ljBfno rf/} af6 kgft}L a;kfs,{ af;8fn ] , rfdvs,{ sz ' fbj]L, bp]/fnL e~hfª xb'} dNkL af6 a;kfs{ xb'} clDasf afnljsf; cfwf/et' ljBfno rf/}d} cfO{ 6l'Ëg] 5 . csf{] % lsnfl]d6/ Dof/fyg' bf8}sf] vN'nfdf eg] k? ' if tkm{ lg/h clwsf/L ky|d eP eg] dlxnf tkm{ clgiff u? ' ª ky|d eOg{ . % lsnfl]d6/ bf8}sf] ?6 ljBfno kf|ªu\0f af6 kgft}L a;ks{ xb'} Hofnflrl6 af6 kg' ljBfno kf|ªu\0f cfPkl5 6l'ËPsf] lyof] . of] kl|tofl]utfsf] vN'nf tkm{ kl|tofl]utfdf ky|d xg'] dlxnf / k? ' ifn] cf7÷cf7 xhf/ gub k/':sf/ kfPsf lyP . kl|tofl]utf ;o+fh ] s clgn yfkfn] hfgsf/L lbP ljBflyt{km{ % lsnfl]d6/ bf8}df 5fqftkm{ cl:dtf >i]7 ky|d eOg{ eg] 5fqtkm{ ;Gtfi]fgfy ofl]u ky|d eP . ky|d xg'] 5fqf / 5fqn] ;ft÷;ft xhf/ gub k/':sf/ kfPsf lyP . k| l tof] l utfsf] d' V o pb] Z o dflgl;s :jf:Yo af/] hgr]tgf hufpg' /x]klg of] k|ltof]lutfn] kgf}tldf ko{6g If]qsf] ljsf;df ;d]t 6]jf k'Ug] cfof]hssf] bfaL 5 . kgf}lt gu/kflnsf k|s[lts ;'Gb/tfn] el/k'0f{ ePklg cf]em]ndf k/]sf] 5 .

ag]kf÷ag]kf gu/kflnsfn] sl/8f]/ lgdf0f{ ug{sf] nfuL w'lnv]n gu/kflnsf / ag]kf gu/kflnsfsf] l;dfaf6 k'0odftf vf]nfsf] l;dfs+g z'? u/]sf] 5 . gu/sf k|d'v nIdL g/l;+ afb]n] z'?df vf]nsf] l;ds+g 5'6\ofpg] / To; kl5 vf]nfsf] bfofF afofF !% ld6/sf] sl/8f]/ lgdf0f{ ug{ nfuLPsf] atfP . @)#) ;fndf u/]sf] gfkL cg';f/ clxn] l8lh6nfO{h tl/sfn] l;df+sg 5'6\ofpg nfluPsf] atfPsf lyP . ;x/sf] a9\bf] rfknfO{

sl/8f]/ lgdf0f{n] ;xof]u ug{], sl/8f]/df uf8{]g lgdf0f{ nufPtsf sfo{ u/L gu/nfO{ ;kmf ;'Gb/ cleofgdf nlug nfu]sf] atfP . sl/8f]/ l;+dfs+g ;ldtLsf ;+of]hs tyf j8f g+ !! sf j8f cWoIf lza s'df/ yfkfn] l;dfs+gdf ;a} :yflgo pkef]Qmfx?n] ;xof]u ug{ cfu|x u/]sf lyP . pQm z'ef/De sfo{df pkk|d'v /]vf ;fksf]6f bfxfn, k|d'v k|zf;lso clws[t ef]h/fh l3ld/], j8f cWoIfx? nufPtsf] pk:yLlt /x]sf] lyof] .

dfp06 Eo"sf] cleefjs sl/8f/] lgdf0{fsf] l;dfs + g z?' lbj; tyf k'/:sf/ ljt/0f

;xsf/Ldf efif0fsnf tyf pb\3f]if0f tflnd ;DkGg kgf}tL÷lhNnfsf] ;a}eGbf w]/} ;]jf s]Gb| ePsf] tyf PlzofnL :t/d} pTs[i6 5lj agfpg ;kmn ;fd'bflos art tyf C0f ;xsf/L ;+:yf ln=n] tLg lbg] k|efjsf/L efif0fsnf tyf pb\3f]if0f tflnd ;DkGg u/]sf] 5 . ;+:yfsf ;~rfns ;ldlt, ljefuLo k|d'v, ;]jfs]Gb| k|d'v nufotsf sd{rf/Lx?nfO{ nlIft tflnddf sflGtk'/ PkmPdsf k|:tf]tf rlr{t ;~rf/sdL{ z'e/fh clwsf/Ln] ;xhLs/0f u/]sf lyP .

lgjf{lry ePsf 5g\ . ;lrj /fhs'df/ a:g]t, sf]iffWoIf O{=/fd ef/tL, ;x ;lrj /fh' kf}8\ofn, ;x sf]iffWoIf ljsf;sfhL >]i7, s[i0feQ Tjgf pk ;lrj lglj{/f]w ePsf 5g\ . To:t} lbks/fh sfsL,{ lbgz ] sd'f/ >i]7, gf/o0fbj] sjF'/, gf/fo0fk;|fb Gofk}fg,] >LdtL kDkmf lzjelQm, albg|fy yfkf / ;fga'fa' al/ofkfh_' lgjfl{rt ePsf 5g\ . cWoIf lrqaxfb/' sjF'/sf] cWoIftfdf ;DkGg sfoq{mddf gk]fn /fli6o« oftfoft Aoj;foL dxf;3+sf al/i7 pkfWoIfx?, dxf;lrj nufotsf kbflwsf/Lx?, gk]fn pBfu] afl0fHo dxf;3+sf sl]Gbo| ;b:o ;/'si[0f aB } , ?, gk]fn kqsf/ dxf;3+ sfes |] f cWoIf dft]L/fd ltdlN;gf, kj'{ /fHodGqL s~rgrGb| afb,] lhNnfdf /xs ] f ljleGg oftfoft ;j]f ;ldltsf cWoIf Pj+ kl|tlglwx? nufotn] lgjfl{rt l6dn] gful/sx?sf] ;j]fsf nflu ljzi]f Wofg lbg' kg]{ atfP .

;Dk{ssf] nfuL

l8lehg jg sfof{no sfe|] )!!$()!&%, )!!$()%*^ lhNnf k|zf;g sfof{no sfe|] )!!$()!@# lhNnf k|x/L sfof{no sfe|] )!!$()@)@, !!$()@#)

r08]Zj/L dfWolds ljBfno ag]kf g=kf=–$, gfnf, sfe]|knf~rf]s

lzIfs cfjZostf k|ydk6s ;"rgf k|sflzt ldlt M @)&%.!!.@*

o; ljBfnodf lgDg lzIfs kbx? l/Qm /x]sfn] ;f] kbx?df /lx sfo{ ug{ OR5's tyf of]Uo g]kfnL gful/sx?af6 cfjZos sfuhft;lxt :j != kb M df=lj= -;fljs p=df=lj=_ lzIfs ljifo M g]kfnL ;+Vof M ! -Ps_ b/aGbL M g]kfn ;/sf/sf] :jLs[t b/aGbL Go'gtd of]Uotf M dfGotfk|fKt lzIf0f ;+:yfaf6 g]kfnL ljifo lnO{ :gftsf]Q/ tx pQL0f{ @= kb M df=lj= -;fljs p=df=lj=_ lzIfs ljifo M sDKo'6/ lj1fg ;+Vof M ! -Ps_ b/aGbL M g]kfn ;/sf/sf] cg'bfg sf]6f Go'gtd of]Uotf M dfGotfk|fKt lzIf0f ;+:yfaf6 sDKo'6/ lj1fg ljifo lnO{ :gftsf]Q/ tx pQL0f{ b'j} kbsf nflu M jf~5gLo of]Uotf M cGo ljifox? klg lzIf0f ug{ ;Sg] . tna tyf ;'ljwf M g]kfn ;/sf/n] tf]s]adf]lhd b/vf:t b:t'/ M ?= !)))÷– -Ps xhf/_ cfjZos sfuhft M P;Pn;L b]lv dflysf ;a} k|df0fkq, gful/stfsf] k|df0fkq, cg'ejsf k|df0fkqsf] k|ltlnlkx? . k|ltof]lutfsf] lsl;d M lnlvt tyf cGtjf{tf{ b/vf:t lbg] clGtd ldlt M of] ;"rgf k|sflzt ePsf] ldltn] !% -kGw|_ lbgleq ;Dks{ ldlt M cfj]bg lbg] clGtd ldltsf] ef]lnkN6 k/LIff ldlt M ;Dks{ ldltdf hfgsf/L u/fOg] ;Dks{sf nflu M Zofd;'Gb/ >]i7 -(*%!)(%!%*_, /fh]Gb|s'df/ ah|frfo{ -;lrj -k|=c=_,

lzIfs 5gf}6 ;ldlt ;Dks{ M (*$!#@($&)


%

r]i6f ;fKtflxs

8fOgflds o'jf ;fsf];sf] cWoog e|d0f l/tf bfxfn÷ag]kf gfnf÷8fOgflds o'jf art tyf C0f ;xsf/Lsf] # lbg] cWoog e|d0f ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . ;+ : yfsf cWoIf dfwj l;Ub]nsf] g]t[Tjdf uPsf] e|d0f 6f]nLdf ;~rfns ;ldlt, n]vf ;ldlt ljleGg pk;ldtL sd{rf/L ;d]t u/L g]kfnsf] ;a}eGbf k'/fgf] avfg ;xsf/L cfbz{gu/ lrtjgdf e|d0f u/]sf] xf] . e|d0fdf b'a} ;xsf/Lx?sf af/] d f ;xsf/Lx?sf] Pltxfl;s k[i7e"dLsf af/]df hfgsf/L

lbO{Psf] lyof] . avfg ;xsf/Ln] tTsfnLg af9L kLl8tx?sf] ;xsf/Lx?n] esf/L ;~rfng u/L ;fdflhs sfo{u/L pbfx/0fLo ag]sf] atfPsf lyP . ;xsf/Lsf] ;}4fGtLs larngaf6 ljrlnt geO{ ;xsf/Lsf ;b:ox?sf] lxtsf nflu ;+ : yfn] sfo{ ub} { cfPsf] ;+ : yfsf cWoIf df] x g l;+ u' ? Ën] hfgsf/L lbPsf lyP . ;xsf/Lx?n] ubf{ hgtfsf] cfo:t/ psf:g ug{ s f nfuL ;xof] u L e' l dsf ul//x] s f] hgfPsf lyP .

hgtf a}+ssf ($ j6f Pl6d wgu9L÷hgtf a}+s g]kfn lnld6]8sf] wgu9L pkdxfgu/kflnsf j8f g+= %, c;gk'/ l8df]6L rf]s l:yt lg;u{ c:ktfn kl/;/af6 Pl6Pd ;]jf ;'? ePsf] 5 . a}+ssf] ($ cf}+ Pl6Pd xf] . wgu9L pk–dxfgu/kflnsfsf] pkd]o/ ;'lznf ld> e§ / a}+ssf k|d'v sfo{sf/L clws[t k/z'/fd s'Fa/ If]qLn] ;+o'Qm ?kdf Pl6Pd ;]jfsf] ;'d'b\3f6g u/]sf lyP . pQm

If]qsf u|fxsx?nfO{ gub sf/f]jf/df Pl6Pd ;]jfn] ;xhtf k|bfg ug]{ a}sn] ljZjf; lnPsf] 5 . a}sn] & cf]6} k|b]zsf] t/fO{, kxf8L / lxdfnL lhNnf ;d]t ;d]6Lg] u/L !@* zfvf, %) zfvf /lxt a}lsË s]Gb|, ($ P6LPd, ! l;ldQ a}+lsª OsfO{ / # PS:6]g;g sfpG6/ ;~rfngdf /x]sf 5g\ . a}+ssf] cfufdL lbgdf cfkm\gf] zfvf ;+hfn la:tf/ ub}{ b]z e/L cem ;zQm pkl:ylt hgfpg] of]hgf /x]sf] 5 .

jif{ @% c+s !( @)&% kmfNu'g #) ut] ljxLjf/

1fgHof]ltsf] jflif{s pT;a tyf z}lIfs k|bz{gL

efjk"0f{ >4f~hnL hGd @))).!.*

:j= a'4nIdL v'Kkf >]i7

ag]kf÷1fgHof]tL OËln; ;]s]G8/L :s'nsf] !* cf} jflif{s pT;a tyf @)&$ ;fnsf] P;O{O{ k/LIffdf plQ0f{ ljBfyL{x?nfO{ ;Ddfg Pj+ @ lbg] z}lIfs k|b{zgL sfo{qmd ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . sfo{qmdsf] pb\3f6g ljBfnosf ;~rfns ;ldlt cWoIf lxd k|sfz k|hfkltn] u/]sf lyP . sfo{qmddf k|hfkltn] ljBfyL{x?sf] cfkm\gf] k|ltef dg{ glbO{ b]vfpgsf nflu ePsfn] ljBfnon] k|f]T;fxg ug{'kg{] atfP . ljBfyL{x? ;a} ljifodf bVvn gePklg s'g} g s'g} ljifodf bVvn x'g] ePsfn] ljBfnodf g} plgx?n] cfkm\gf] k|ltef b]vfpg] atfPsf lyP . k9fO{nfO{ ;Lk;uF hf]8]/ k9]sf s'/fnfO{ Aoaxf/df ptfg{sf] nflu z}lIfs k|b{zgLsf] cfjZostf /x]sf] sfo{qmddf atfPsf lyP . 3f]sGt] lzIff eGbf Aoaxf/Ls lzIffdf al9 hf]8 lbg ljBfnonfO{ cg'/f]w u/]sf lyP . sfo{qmddf ljBfnosf]

jflif{s k|lta]bg, efjL of]hgf / ljBfnosf ultlalwsf af/]df lk|lG;kn lbks sdL{n] k]z u/]sf lyP . sfo{qmddf ;~rfns z/0f s'df/ dfgGw/, k|Hjn k|wfg, lzlIfsfåo l/tf >]i7 / ladnf dfgGw/, ljBfyL{ gljg dfgGw/ / cGh' dfgGw/ cleefjs /fwfs[i0f >]i7, ozf]bf bfxfn, 8f=k'0f{ k|;fb b+ufn nufotsf AolQmx?n] z'esfdgf dGtAo /fv]sf lyP . sfo{qmddf P;O{O{ @)&$ df P Kn; Nofpg] ljBfyL{x?nfO{ gub ;lxt / cGo ljBfyL{x?nfO{ k'/:sf/ ;lxt ;Ddfg u/LPsf] lyof] . sfo{qmddf ut z'qmaf/ / zlgaf/ ljBfyL{x?4f/f lgld{t snfTds ;fdfu|Lx?sf] z}lIfs k|b{zgL ;lxt ;fF:s[lts sfo{qmdsf] cfof]hgf u/LPsf] lyof] . sfo{qmd ljBfno Aoa:yfkg ;ldtL cWoIf z'enIdL dfgGw/sf] ;efkltTjdf ;DkGg ePsf] lyof] .

o; ehg vnMsf ;b:o uf]kLs[i0f v'Kkf >]i7 tyf df]xgs[i0f v'Kkf >]i7, /fwfs[i0f v'Kkf >]i7 / b]js[i0f v'Kkf >]i7sf ddtfdoL dftf a'4nIdL v'Kkf >]i7sf] c;fdlos lgwg ePsf]df d[tsk|lt efjk"0f{ >4f~hnL ck{0f ub{} zf]s;GtKt kl/jf/hgk|lt xflb{s ;dj]bgf k|s6 ub{5f}+ .

k"0f{s'df/ Xof]h' cWoIf tyf

nIoZj/ ehg d08n -vn_ ag]kf–*, sf]nf6f]n

efjk"0f{ >4f~hnL

>L sd{rf/L art tyf C0f ;xsf/L ;+:yf ln= w'lnv]n &, sfe|]

hGd !(**

bzf}+ ;fwf/0f ;ef x'g] ;DaGwL ;"rgf

efjk"0f{ >4f~hnL hGd !(((.#.!)

:juf{/f]x0f @)&%.!!.!#

:j= sdnaxfb'/ vqL g]kfn ljp Joj;foL ;+3 k|b]z g+= # sf dxf;lrj /fduf]kfn vqLsf k"hgLo lktf sdnaxfb'/ vqLsf] c;fdlos lgwg ePsf]df xfdL ;d:t Joj;foL ddf{lxt ePsf 5f}+ . zf]ssf] o; b'Mvb\ 38Ldf d[tsk|lt efjk"0f{ >4f~hnL ck{0f ub}{ zf]s ;GtKt kl/jf/hgdf

g]kfn ljp Joj;foL ;+3 lhNnf ;dGjo ;ldlt kl/jf/, k|b]z g+= #

efjk"0f{ >4f~hnL hGd @))!.!.#

:juf{/f]x0f @)&%.!!.@)

:j= uf]df rf}nfufO{ xfd|L sfG5L cfdf uf]df rf}nfufO{sf] c;fdlos lgwg ePsf]df d[tsk|lt efjk"0f{ >4f~hnL ck{0f ub{} zf]s;GtKt kl/jf/hgk|lt xflb{s ;dj]bgf k|s6 ub{5f}+ .

:juf{/f]x0f @)&%.!!.!#

:juf{/f]x0f @)&%.!!.@$

o; sd{rf/L art tyf C0f ;xsf/L ;+:yf ln=sf] ldlt @)&%.!!.!$ ut] a;]sf] ;+rfns ;ldltsf] a}7ssf] lg0f{o cg';f/ tkl;nsf] ldlt, ;do / :yfgdf ;+:yfsf] bzf}+ jflif{s ;fwf/0f ;ef a;L lgDg ljifodf 5nkmn u/L lg0f{o ug{'kg{] ePsf]n] pQm lbg lgwf{l/t ;dodf oxfFsf] clgjfo{ pkl:yltsf nflu xflb{s cg'/f]w ul/G5 . tkl;n M ldlt M @)&%.!@.!% ut] z'qmaf/ :yfg M lhNnf kz';]jf sfof{no ;do M lbgsf] !M)) ah]

o; ehg vnMsf cfhLjg ;b:o ljz'gf/fo0f >]i7sf] c;fdlos lgwg ePsf]df d[tsk|lt efjk"0f{ >4f~hnL ck{0f ub{} zf]s;GtKt kl/jf/hgk|lt xflb{s ;dj]bgf k|s6 ub{5f}+ .

5nkmnsf ljifox? !_ ;+rfns ;ldltsf] tkm{af6 k|:t't jflif{s k|ltj]bg kfl/t ug{] ;DaGwdf . @_ cf=j= @)&$÷)&% sf] n]vfkl/If0f k|ltj]bg dfly 5nkmn tyf lg0f{o ;DaGwdf . #_ cf=j= @)&$÷)&% sf] cfly{s ultljlwsf] ;dLIff u/L cf=j= @)&%÷)&^ sf] nflu cg'dflgt sfo{qmd ah]6 kfl/t ug{] ;DaGwdf . $_ rfn' cf=j= @)&%÷)&^ sf] nflu n]vfkl/Ifs lgo'lQm / kfl/>lds cg'df]bg ;DaGwdf . %_ lgjf{rg ;DaGwdf . ^_ ljljw . gf]6 M ;fwf/0f ;efdf 7Ls ;dodf pkl:yt x'g] z]o/ ;b:onfO{ kl/jxg vr{ Joj:yf ul/Psf] 5 .

pu|r08L gfnf $, s?0ffdo

:j= ljz'gf/fo0f >]i7

>[li6sfGt nf]s]Zj/ 1fgdfnf ehg vnM kl/jf/

efjk"0f{ >4f~hnL

/Tgaxfb'/ clwsf/L

efjk"0f{ >4f~hnL hGd !(** hGd !((&.%.!&

:juf{/f]x0f @)&%.!!.@$

:juf{/f]x0f @)&%.!!.@$

:j= lrqs'df/L bfxfn o; d~rsf ;b:o gj/fh bfxfn tyf /fdz/0f bfxfn / ljb'/ bfxfnsf ddtfdoL dftf lrqs'df/L bfxfnsf] c;fdlos lgwg ePsf]df d[tsk|lt efjk"0f{ >4f~hnL ck{0f ub}{ zf]s ;GtKt kl/jf/hgdf

:j= ljz'gf/fo0f >]i7

o; ;xsf/L ;+:yf ln=sf ;+:yfks Pj+ ;+rfns ;b:o ;+hLj >]i7sf] k"hgLo xh'/a'af ljz'gf/fo0f >]i7sf] c;fdlos lgwg ePsf]df d[tsk|lt efjk"0f{ >4f~hnL ck{0f ub{} zf]s;GtKt kl/jf/hgk|lt xflb{s ;dj]bgf k|s6 ub{5f}+ .

h'n'ds[i0f >]i7

bL3{axfb'/ >]i7, cWoIf tyf

rfd'08f wfld{s tyf ;f+:s[lts ;+/If0f d~r tyf v}h8L ehg ;d"x kl/jf/, ag]kf #, 6';fn

cWoIf Pj+

glu/Lk'/ art tyf C0f ;xsf/L ;+:yf ln=kl/jf/ pu|r08L gfnf $, s?0ffdo

xflb{s s[t1tf

/fhs'df/÷zfGtf rf}+nfufO{ tyf

rf}nfufO{ kl/jf/, ag]kf, sfe|]

efjk"0f{ >4f~hnL

hGd @))!.!.#

:juf{/f]x0f @)&%.!!.@) :j= uf]df rf}nfufO{

hGd @))*

:juf{/f]x0f @)&%.!!.@%

xfd|f k|ftM :d/0fLo, cleefjs uf]df rf}nfufO{sf] c;fdlos lgwg ePsf]df d[tsk|lt efjk"0f{ >4f~hnL ck{0f ub{5f}+ ;fy} zf]ssf] o; b'Mvb\ 38Ldf xfdLk|lt ;xfg'e"lt Pj+ ;dj]bgf k|s6 ug{'x'g] ;Dk"0f{ ;+3;+:yf, Oi6ldq Pj+ cfkmGthgx?df xflb{s s[t1tf k|s6 ub{5f}+ .

5f]/f÷a'xf/Lx?

>Ldfg\ M s[i0fk|;fb rf}+nfufO{ 5f]/L÷HjfO“x?

gflt÷gfltgLx?

l;tf/fd÷ljdnf÷;'ldqf rf}nfufO{ s]bf/÷ldgf rf}nfufO{ 6flsGb|÷b'uf{ rf}nfufO{ dfwj÷ufoqL rf}nfufO{

sdnf÷/fhs'df/ l3ld/] ljdnf÷s]zj x'dfufO{ 6flsGb|÷b'uf{ rf}nfufO{ dfwj÷ufoqL rf}nfufO{

kjg, k|ljg, k|zGg, ;+ho, dgf]x/, ljho, lbk]z, lbkg, kljqf, dlGb/f rf}+nfufO{, lbkf, ?kf, ;+uLtf, ;'lgn, clgn, ljgfos, cl:dtf

:j= z'qmdfof

xfd|f cfTdLo ldq tyf >L Zj]t u0f]z cfwf/e"t ljBfnosf k|wfgfWofks OGb|nfn dfgGw/sf] ddtfdoL dftf z'qmdfof dfgGw/sf] c;fdlos lgwg ePsf]df d[tsk|lt efjk"0f{ >4f~hnL ck{0f ub{} zf]s;GtKt kl/jf/hgk|lt xflb{s ;dj]bgf k|s6 ub{5f}+ .

gf/fo0f yfkf lzj/fd s];L

/fd]Zj/ cfrfo{ k|lbk g]kfn

;Dk"0f{ rf}+nfufO{ kl/jf/, w'lnv]n @, /ljcf]kL


^&

r]i6f ;fKtflxs r]i6f ;fKtflxs

x]nDa' oftfoftdf k'gM /fh]z

ag]kf÷lhNnfsf] d08g b]pk'/ tyf l;Gw'kfNrf]s / cf;kf;sf If]qdf ;]jf lbb} cfPsf] x]nDa' oftfoft ;]jf ;ldlt ag]kfsf] @@ cf} aflif{s ;fwf/0f ;efn] k' g M /fh] z s' d f/ >] i 7sf] cWoIftfdf lglj{/f]w gofF ;ldlt rog u/]sf] 5 . ;ldltsf] al/i7 pkfWoIf Zofds'df/ >]i7 …d08gÚ. pkfWoIf k'?iff]td dfgGw/, ;lrj ljnaxfb'/ >]i7 …/d]zÚ, sf]iffWoIf a'l4bf; >]i7, ;x ;lrj kbdaxfb'/ >]i7, ;x sf]iffWoIf ;'/]zeQm ef]lIfef]of lgjf{lrt ePsf 5g\ . sfo{ ;ldlt ;b:ox?df t]haxfb'/ jflgofF, v8\uaxfb'/ >]i7, s]bf/gfy dxfh', ;xb]j sdf{rfo{, /fh]zs'df/ >]i7 / ;Gb]z a}B lgjf{ l rt ePsf 5g\ . lgjf{ l rt kbflwsf/Lx?nfO{ g]kfn oftfoft /fli6«o Aooj;foL dxf;+3sf s]lGb|o cWoIf of]u]Gb|gfy sdf{rfo{, g]kfn pBf]u afl0fHo

jif{ ljxLjf/ jif{ @% @$ c+c+ss !( !^ @)&% @)&$ kmfNu' kmfu'g ##)ut]ut]ljxLjf/

cfhfb dfljsf] ^( cf} jflif{sf]T;j

;+3sf s]lGb|o ;b:o ;'/s[i0f a}Bn] l6sf vfbf dfkm{t awfO{ tyf z'esfdgf AoQm u/]sf lyP . sfo{qmddf g]kfn oftfoft /fli6«o Aooj;foL dxf;+3sf s]lGb|o cWoIf of]u]Gb|gfy sdf{rfo{sf] k|d'v cfltYotf /x]sf] lyof] . ;ldltsf cWoIf /fh]zs'df/ >]i7sf] cWoIftfdf ;DkGg sfo{qmddf g]kfn pBf]u afl0fHo ;+3sf s]lGb|o ;b:o ;'/s[i0f a}B, oftfoft If]qsf g]tfx? ljho :jfF/, lbks clwsf/L, ;/f]h l;6f}nf, lhtaxfb'/ ef/tL, s]bf/ If]qL, ods'df/ zfxL, k|]d nfdf, j0f{ zfSo, Zofd nfdf, cfTd/fd yfkf, uf]a{wg sdf{rfo{, Zofds'df/ >]i7 nufotn] dGtAo /fv]sf lyP . ;efdf ;lrj ljnaxfb'/ >]i7n] k|:t't u/]sf] aflif{s k|ltj]bg tyf sf]iffWoIf a'l4bf; >]i7n] k|:t't u/]sf] cfly{s k|ltj]bg ;j{;Djt kf; ePsf] sfof{no k|d'v ldng >]i7n] hfgsf/L lbP .

ag]kf÷ lhNnfs} k'/fgf] ljBfno cfhfb dfljsf] ^( cf} jflif{sf]pT;a ag]kf gu/kflnsfsf gu/ k|d'v nIdL g+/;L afb]sf] k|d'v cfltYotfdf zlgaf/ ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . sfo{qmddf af]Nb} k|d'v cltyL afb]n] ;fd'bfoLs ljBfnox?n] lghL ljBfno h:t} pTs[i6 lzIff lbg ;Sg' kg{] atfP . ;fd'bfoLs ljBfnodf lzIfsx?nfO{ ;Dk'0f{ ;]jf ;'lawfx? eP/ klg lzIffsf] :t/ v:s]sf] eGg] k|Zg u/]sf lyP . :yfgLo ;/sf/sf] dftxtdf cfP kl5 ca s'g} klg axfgfdf lzIffsf] u'0f:t/ ;'wf/ ug{' kg{] atfP . gu/kflnsfn] s] ubf{ lzIffsf] u'0f:t/ ;'wf/ x'G5 Tof] ug{ tof/ 5 t/ ;'wf/ x'g'kg{]df gu/ k|d'v afb]n] hf]8 lbPsf lyP . gu/kflnsfn] ljBfnosf] ef}lts lgdf{0fdf ;alGGwt lgsfo dfkm{t ;xof]u ug{] / lzIffaf6 gu/df sf]xL klg alGrt x'g gk/f]; eg]/ nfuL/x]sf] atfPsf lyP .

sfo{qmddf ljBfnosf] jflif{s k|lta]bg k|WofgfWofks /fdgf/fo0f >]i7n] k]; u/]sf lyP . ljBfnosf] ultlawL, eflj of]hgfsf af/]df k|wfgfWofks /fdgf/fo0f >]i7n] k|ltj]bg k|:t;t u/]sf lyP . sfo{qmddf ag]kf gu/kflnsf j8f g+ % sf j8f cWoIf an/fd clwsf/L, ljBfno lgl/Ifs lza/fh lqkf7L, ljBfnosf k'j{ cWoIf tyf at{dfg ;b:o d's'Gb ltdlN;gf, cleefas, ljBfyL{ nufotsf AolQmx?n] z'esfdgf dGtAo /fv]sf lyP . sfo{qmddf rGbfbftfx?n] ljBfyL{x?nfO{ 5fqfa[lQ ljt/0f u/]sf lyP eg] ljBfnon] ;~rfng u/]sf] v]ns'b ;Ktfxdf pTs[i6 x'g] ljBfyL{x? tyf sIff ! b]vL !) ;Dd pTs[i6 x'g] ljBfyL{x?nfO{ k'/:sf/ ljt/0f ul/Psf] lyof] . sfo{qmd ljBfno Aoa:yfkg ;ldltsf h]i7 ;b:o PsnIdL uf}tdsf] ;efkltTjdf ;DkGg ePsf] lyof] .

xflb{s awfO{

egf{ v'Nof]

egf{ v'Nof]

;z:q k|x/L an, g]kfndf l/Qm /x]sf] ;fwf/0f ;d"x ;fwf/0f pk;d"x /fhkqcg+lst rt'y{ >]0fL / txsf] ;z:q k|x/L hjfg kbdf egf{ v'n]sf] ;"rgf pd]/sf] xb M !* jif{ k"/f eO{ @@ jif{ ggf3]sf] x'g'kg{] . z}lIfs of]Uotf M slDtdf * sIff pQL0f{ u/]sf] x'g'kg{] . b/vf:t kmf/d a'emfpg] ldlt M @)&%.!!.@$ ut]b]lv ldlt @)&%.!@.@% ut];Dd

d]/f cfTdLo efO{ O{Zj/ /fpt /fpt If]qL ;]jf ;dfhsf] kfFrf}+ /fli6«o clwj]zgaf6 sfe|]sf] k|ltlglwTj u/L s]lGb|o ;b:odf lgjf{lrt x'g'ePsf]df xflb{s awfO{ ub{} sfo{sfn ;kmntfsf] z'esfdgf JoQm ub{5f}+ .

O{Zj/ /fpt tyf

kmf/d kfOg] / a'emfpg] :yfg M

;Dk"0f{ /fpt kl/jf/, ag]kf, sfe|]

;z:q k|x/L an, g]kfn g+= !% u0f x]=Sjf= kfFrvfn, sfe|] egf{ ;DaGwL lj:t[t hfgsf/Lsf] nflu M ;z:q k|x/L an, g]kfnsf] Website : www.apf.gov.np af6 8fpgnf]8 ug{ / 6f]n lk|m g+= !!!$ df ;fy} glhssf] ;z:q k|x/L an g]kfnsf] sfof{nodf ;Dks{ ug{ ;Sg'x'g]5 .

xflb{s awfO{

;Dks{ g+= )!!–$((#@), (*%!@&@$**

sd{rf/L cfjZostf

o; b"df] art tyf C0f ;xsf/L ;+:yf ln= ag]kf $sf] nflu b]xfo adf]lhdsf] sd{rf/L cfjZostf ePsf]n] OR5's JolQmx?n] r}q # ut]leq cfk\mgf] z}lIfs of]Uotfsf] k|df0fkq;lxt sfof{Nodf ;Dks{ ug{x'g cg'/f]w ul/G5 .

;Dks{

d]/f cfTdLo ldq gljgh+u kf08s ] f] ag]kf $ gfnf lgjf;L lbkf >]i7;Fu j}jflxs ;DaGw ;'? ug{' ePsf]df xflb{s awfO{ Pj+ ;kmn bfDkTo hLjgsf] z'esfdgf JoQm ub{5' .

agk]f–$, gfnf

ch{'g v8\sf

kb M ahf/ k|ltlglw -dlxnf_ z}lIfs of]Uotf M ±@ jf ;f] ;/x kfl/>lds M ;+:yfsf] lgodfg';f/

;+Vof M @ 5gf}6sf] k|sf/ M df}lvs

bd " f] art tyf C0f ;xsf/L ;:+yf ln= ;Dks{ M )!!–$!!)!#

ag]kf, gofFj:tL, sfe|]

xflb{s awfO{

kf]N6«L ljz]if 8f= u0f]z aGhf/f

n]o;{ k|sfz Joj:yfkgdf lqkfnsf] /+usf] k|efj Impact of Tarp Color on Poultry Lighting ljZjsf] clwsf+z efux?df kf]N6«L kmd{x?df lqkfnsf] k|of]u ul/Psf] kfOG5 . o:tf lqkfnn] ;"o{sf] k|sfz /f]Sg, tfkqmd lgoGq0f ug{, s'v'/fsf] Joaxf/df kl/jt{g n]/fpg, e]lG6n];g plrt /fVg, ljleGg df};dL k|lts'n cj:yfaf6 arfpg d2t ub{5 . ahf/df ljleGg /+usf lqkfnx? kfOPtf klg ltlgx?sf] k|of]u j}1flgs 9+uaf6 kfOPsf] 5}g . kl5Nnf] ;dosf] cg';Gwfgsf] ;Gbe{df k|sfzsf] /+u, Spectrum / aQLsf] cj:yfn] x's{b} u/]sf] rNnf / pTkfbgdf /x]sf] n]o;{nfO{ c08f pTkfbgdf k|ToIf k|efj kfb{5 . dflg;x?n] #*)–&*) nm j]jn]Gy (Wavelenght) ePsf] k|sfz dfq b]Vb5g\ eg] o;eGbf sd Wavelength ePsf k|sfzx?df qmdz cN6«f EjfOn]6 /] (Ultra Voilet Ray), PS; /] (X-Ray) / ufdf /] (Gamma Ray) kb{5g eg] a9L Wavelength ePsf /] x?df OGk|mf /] (Infra Ray), dfOqmf] j]A; (Micro Waves) / /]l8of] j]G; (Radio Waves) kb{5g . oL dfly pNn]lvt /] x?nfO{ Psd':6 ?kdf Spectrum elgG5 . dflg;x?n] b]Vg] #*)–&*) nm sf] Spectrum df lgnf] /+ub]lv /ftf] /+u;Dd kb{5g . cg';Gwfgaf6 lgnf] xl/of] /+un] -$)))–^))) K, Cool Lights_ rNnfsf] j[l4 ljsfzdf /fd|f] k|efj kfb{5 eg] /ftf] /+u cyjf /ftf] k|sfzn] -#))) K eGbf sd, /ftf] – ;'Gtnf /+u_ c08f pTkfbg a9fpg d2t ub{5 . To;} ul/ kmd{sf] kbf{sf] ?kdf k|of]u x'g] ljleGg /+usf lqkfnx?n] ;"o{sf] k|sfznfO{ 5fg]/ leq k7fpg] xF'bf n]o;{ s'v'/fsf] Ifdtf k|ToIf k|efj kfb{5 . K cyf{t Kelvin Color temperature Scale eGg] a'lemG5 . lgnf] /+u !),))) K x'G5 eg] /ftf] /+u !))) K dfq x'G5 . To;}ul/ $))) K df xNsf lgnf] / kx]nf] /+u x'G5 . #%)) K df /ftf], xl/of] / lgnf] /+usf] ;Gt'lnt /+ux? x'G5g\ . #))) K eGbf sddf /ftf] a9L x'G5 / tftf] klg x'G5 . To;} ul/ ;'o{af6 cfPsf] k|sfzsf] nS; @#@%! x'G5 eg] Wavelength %%& nm x'G5 . Kfbf{÷lqkfnsf] /+u rfbL – lgnf] /+u • /ftf] / lgnf] k|sfz kmd{ leq k|j]z ub{5 . • ;"o{sf] k|sfznfO{ kbf{af6 leq k|j]z ug{ sd u/fp5 . • x's{b} u/]sf] rNnf / n]o;{df a9L k|efjsf/L x'G5 . • o;sf] nS; #&$ / Wavelength $^@ nm x'G5 . lgnf] /+u • o;n] /ftf] Spectrum nfO{ k|j]zdf /f]S5 . • o; /+usf] kbf{ k|of]u ubf{ s'v'/fx? zfGt eP/ a:5g . • pTkfbg ;'? u/]sf n]o;{sf nflu pko'Qm dlgb}g lsgsL c08f pTkfbgsf] nflu /ftf] /+u h?/L kb{5 . • x's{b} u/]sf] rNnfx?nfO{ pko'Qm dflgG5 . • nS; &(( / Wavelength $^@ nm x'G5 . xl/of] /+u • nS; &**, Wavelength %#) nm x'G5 . • yf]/} dfqfdf lgnf] / guGo dfqfdf /ftf] Spectrum nfO{ k|j]z ub{5 . • To;}ul/ s]xL dfqfdf xl/of] / kx]nf] Spectrum k|j]z ub{5g eg] n]o;{ 3/ cyf{t pTkfbg ;'? u/]sf n]o;{sf nflu pko'Qm dflgb}g . • xl/of] /+usf] kbf{ x's{b} u/]sf] rNnfsf] 3/df k|of]u ug{ ;lsG5 . kx]nf] /+u • nS; @)() / Wavelength %^! nm x'G5 . • kx]nf], /ftf] / ;'Gtnf /+usf] Spectrum nfO{ k|j]z u/fp5 eg] lgnf] / s]xL efu xl/of] Spectrum df /f]s nufp5 . • kx]nf] kbf{ cyjf lqkfnx? c? kbf{sf] bfFhf]df cWof/f] agfpg] Ifdtfdf sld x'gfsf] ;fy} k|sfz /f]Sg] Ifdtf klg sd x'G5 . ;'Gtnf /+u • nS; *^$, Wavelength &$^ nm x'G5 . • kx]nf] /+usf] kbf{sf] t'ngfdf cfwf dfq k|sfz k|j]z ub{5 . • c08f pTkfbgdf /]x]sf n]o;{nfO{ a9L k|efjsf/L dflgG5 . /ftf] /+u • nS; !(!, Wavelength &$^ nm x'G5 . • /ftf] kbf{af6 ;'o{sf] ls/0fsf] k|ToIf k|sfznfO{ l8d u/fpg d2t ub{5 . • c08f pTkfbg ;'? ug{ nfu]sf n]o;{nfO{ a9L kmfObf hgs x'G5 . • o;af6 /ftf] / ;'Gtnf /+usf] Spectrum kmd{ leq w]/} dfqfdf k|j]z x'Fbf c08f pTkfbgdf j[l4 ug{ ;xof]u k'¥ofp5 . ;f/f+zdf vf]/df k|of]u x'g] kbf{ jf lqkfnsf] /+usf] lsl;dn] ;'o{af6 cfPsf] k|sfzsf] tLj|tfnfO{ (Intensity) k|efj kfb{5 . o;sf/0f pko'Qm kbf{ /fVg'n] g} pTkfbg Ifdtfdf j[l4 u/fpF5 . x's{b} u/]sf] rNnfx?nfO{ lgnf], xl/of] / rfb] lgnf] /+usf] lqkfn jf kbf{ k|efjsf/L x'G5 eg] pTkfbgdf /x]sf n]o;{ jf pTkfbg ;'? ug{ nfu]sf n]o;{sf nflu /ftf], ;'Gtnf /+usf] kbf{ k|efjsf/L x'G5 . To:t} ;]tf] kbf{n] w]/} dfqfdf k|sfzsf] k|j]z u/fp5 eg] sfnf] kbf{n] w]/} k|sfz k|j]z x'gaf6 /f]Sb5 . o;} sf/0f sfnf] / ;]tf] lqkfn k|foM kmd{x?df k|of]u ul/Psf]

xflb{s cg'/f]w >L dxfIdL If]q ;'wf/ ;+/If0f ;ldlt, dxfnIdL :yfg, eQmk'/ !) af6 kdf8L6f]n kgf}tLl:yt dxfnIdL dftfnfO{ ef]hg r9fpg] -af]5fo\u'_ sfo{qmddf ;xefuL eO{ dftfsf] bz{g / ;Sbf] ;xof]uL efjgf k|s6 ul/lbg'x'g xflb{s cg'/f]w ub{5f}+ .

dxfnIdL kdf8L6f]n ;'wf/ ;ldlt kgf}tL–&, kdf8L6f]n

xflb{s awfO{ o; ;xsf/L ;+:yf ln=sf ;Nnfxsf/ Pj+ e'tk"j{ cWoIf xl/eQm >]i7 c/lgsf] oftfoft ;]jf ;ldltsf] $& cf}+ jflif{s ;fwf/0f ;efaf6 ul/dfdo jl/i7 pkfWoIf kbdf lgjf{lrt x'g'ePsf]df xflb{s awfO{ 1fkg ub{} ;kmn sfo{sfnsf] z'esfdgf JoQm ub{5f}+ .

lj1fg wf}uf]8f cWoIf

gfl;sf bz{g art tyf C0f ;xsf/L ;+:yf ln= kl/jf/, ag]kf !#, e};]kf6L

o; ;+:yfsf ;x–;lrj ;/f]h >]i7sf] sLlt{k'/, kfFuf lgjf;L O{= c~h' >]i7;Fu j}jflxs ;DaGw ;'? ug{' ePsf]df xflb{s awfO{ Pj+ ;kmn bfDkTo hLjgsf] z'esfdgf JoQm ub{5f}+ .

gj/fh s]=;L= cWoIf tyf

lkk'N; art tyf C0f ;xsf/L ;+:yf ln= kl/jf/ ag]kf –!) ;]tf]kf6L rf]s


*

r]i6f ;fKtflxs

jif{ @% c+s !( @)&% kmfNu'g #) ut] ljxLjf/

:yfgLo ;/sf/ gf/L lbj; ljz]if sfo{qmd pkefQ]mfsf ;jfndf cfofu] kgf}tLdf cGt{lqmof / ¥ofnL

w'lnv]ndf eAo ;f+:s[lts sfo{qmd w'lnv]n÷n}lËs ;dfgtfsf] nfuL ;dfgtfsf] nfuL ;dfg ;f]r / Aoaxf/M;d[l4sf] cfwf/ eGg] d'n gf/fsf ;fy !)( cf} cGt/fli6«o dlxnf lbj; ljlaw sfo{qmdsf] cfof]hgf u/L ;DkGg u/]sf] 5 . sfo{qmd g]kfn gu/kflnsf ;+3sf cWoIf tyf w'lnv]n gu/kflnsf k|d'v czf]s AofGh'sf] k|d'v cfltYotfdf ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . sfo{qmddf af]Nb} k|d'v cltyL AofGh'n] gf/L zlQmzfnL ePsfn]

kgftL÷ !)( cf} cGt/fli6«o dlxnf lba;sf] ca;/df kgf} t L gu/kflnsfsf] cfof]hgfdf a[xQ ¥ofnL, cGt{lqmof tyf ;Ddfg sfo{qmd ;DkGg u/]sf] 5 . gu/ k|d'v led Gof}kfg]sf] k|d'v cltYotfdf ePsf] sfo{qmddf gu/sf !# j6} j8fsf h]i7 ;b:ox?nfO{ ;Ddfg ul/Psf] lyof] . sfo{qmddf af]Nb} k|d'v cltyL Gof}kfg]n] %! k|ltzt /x]sf] dlxnfx?nfO{ clxn]sf] ;+ljwfgn] k'0f{t clwsf/L lbPsf] atfPsf lyP . sfg'gsf] kfngf rfFlx ;lx tl/sfn] pkof]u u/]df sf]lx klg dlxnf lblb alxgLx? lx+;fdf gkg{] atfP . cfkm' klg lhDa]jf/ ag]/ sfg'gsf af/]df yfxf gkfPsf dlxnfx?nfO{ l;sfpg' kg{] atfP . sfg'gn] s;}nfO{ klg glrGg] ePsfn] ulNt ul/;s] kl5 yfxf ePg gldNg] ePsfn] clxn]sf] sfgg'gaf/] ;a}n] hfGg' a'em\g' kg{] atfPsf lyP . gu/kflnsfn] dlxnflx;+ f Go'lgs/0fsfnfuL cfufdL yk sfo{, uf]li7, ;r]tgf nufPtsf sfo{x? ug{] atfPsf lyP

. sfo{qmdsL ljz]if cltyL cg]d;+33L s]lGb|o ;b:o zld{nf sfsL{n] clxn]sf] ;+ljwfgn] dlxnfnfO{ ## k|ltzt geO{ %) k|ltzt clwsf/ lbPsf] jtfPsL lyO{g\ . xfld ;a} dlxnfx?n] pQm ;la+wfgsf] kfng u/L cfkm\gf] clwsf/ lng' kg{] atfO{g\ . sf]lx klg dlxnf k'?ifaf6 lkl8t eO{ ga:g cfu|x u/]sL lyO{g\ . lgz'Ns cbfntdf d'4f btf{ x'g] ePsfn] ;xfotf sIfaf6 ;]jf lng ;d]t cfu|x u/]sL lyO{g\ . sfo{qmddf cg]d;3+ qmflGtsf/LsL s]lGb|o ;b:o l/tf 9sfn, lzIff ;]aL 8f=cDe'ejfgL sfsL{, cGt/ dlxnf ;~hfn sfe|]sL cWoIf z'enIdL >]i7, nufPtsf AolQmx?n] dlxnf lx;+f, anTsf/, of}ghGo lx;f+ /f]syfd nufPtsf ljifodf ;DjlGwt lgsfosf] Wofgfsif{0f u/fPsf lyP . sfo{qmd kgf}tL gu/kflnsf dlxnf ljsf; zfvf k|d'v /fddfof >]i7n] ;~rfng u/]sL lyO{g\ eg] sfo{qmdsf] ;efkltTj gu/ pkk|d'v lutf a~hf/fn] u/]sf lyO{g\ .

pkk|d'vx?nfO{ gf/L lbj;df ;Ddfg

sfo{kq k|:t't u/]sL lyO{g\ . sfo{qmddf w'lnv]n gu/kflnsf !! g+= j8fsf j8f cWoIf lji0f' lwtfn, w'lnv]n pBf]u jfl0fHo ;3+sf cWoIf d~h's'df/ sf]h", dlxnf zlQm ljsf; s]Gb| g]kfnsL cWoIf ljgf a:g]t xf]6n Pzf]l;P;g sfe|]sL ;lra Hof]T;gf ;}h" nufPtsf AolQmx?n] z'esfdgf dGtAo /fv]sf lyP . sfo{qmddf gu/sf ljleGg ljwfsf dlxnfx?nfO{ tyf dlxnf4f/f ;~rflnt ;:yfx?nfO{ ;Ddfg

Jofkfl/s If]q, cf}Bf]lus If]q, jg h+un ;lxt 5'6\ofP/ P]g cfpg] 5 . sfo{qmddf ;f+;b gljgf nfdfn] dlxnf clwsf/ %) k|ltzt k'¥ofpg dlxnfx?sf] /fhgLltdf ;lqmotf / lg/Gt/tf cfjZos /x]sf] atfO{g\ . k|b]z ;f+;b rGb| nfdf, k"j{ ;f+;b sdnf bf]ª, g]kfn gu/kflnsf ;+3sf cWoIf Pjd\ w'lnv]n gu/kflnsf k|d'v czf]ss'df/ Jof~h"n] hgk| l tlglwx?nfO{ /f0ff, k~rfot zf;gsfnsf] a}bf/ vl/bf/ g;lDemg cfu|x u/] . g]tf eg]sf] hgtfsf] gf]s/ xf] dflns x'g gvf]hf} gu/ k|d'v Aof~h'n] eg] . sfFu]|;sf g]tf l;jL nfdfn] dlxnfn] kfPsf] clwsf/nfO{ ;xL ;b'kof]u ug{ ;Sg'kg{]df hf]8 lbP . sfo{qmddf dGqL cfof{naf6 sfe|] lhNnfsf !# :yfgLo txdf lgjf{lrt dlxnf pkk|d'vx?nfO{ ;Ddfg ul/Psf] lyof] .

vfB k|ljlw tyf u'0f lgoGq0f l8lehg sfof{no w'lnv]n, sfe|] ;+ks{ g+= )!!$()@@), (*%!@#&!%^ O{–d]nM ftqcdodhulikhelkavre@gmail.com

s[ifsju{df cg'/f]w

hgk|ltlglwaLr 5nkmn ul/Psf] lyof] . sfo{qmddf lhNnf ;dGjo ;ldlt eQm'k/sf pkk|d'v ;/Ltf s'Fj/n] ;d'bfon] dlxnfk|lt ul/g] Jojxf/df hlQ dfqfdf kl/jt{g cfpg'kg]{ xf] TolQm cfpg g;s]sf] atfO{g . ;"o{ljgfos gu/kflnsf j8f g+= & sf j8fWoIf /laGb| ;fksf]6fn] ;"o{ljgfos gu/kflnsfn] ljsf; lgdf{0fsf] sfddf u'0ffTds k|ult ub}{ uPsf] atfP .

/Tg r'8]Zj/sf] aflif{sf]T;j gf/Lsf] e'ldsf dxTjk"0f{ ePsf] atfP . g]kfnsf] ;+ljwfgn] dlxnfnfO{ k'0f{ clwsf/ ;lxtsf] sfg'g lbPsfn] kfngf ug{'kg{] atfP . sfg'g cg';f/} ltg} txsf] ;/sf/df dlxnf ;xeflutf a9]sf] gu/ k|d'v czf]s Aof~h'n] atfP . dlxnfnfO{ cf/If0f dfq} xf]O{g Ifdtfsf cfwf/df klg ug{ ;S5g\ eGg] pbf/x0f xfd|} /fi6«kltnfO{ x]/] k'Ug] gu/ k|d'v Aof~h'n] atfP . /fi6«klt dlxnfsf] cf/If0fn] ePsf] xf] / xf]O{g pxfFsf] Ifdtfn] ubf{ x'g'ePsf] xf] AofGh'n] eg] . sfo{qmddf lhNnf k|x/L sfo{no w'lnv]nsL dlxn ;]n k|d'v l;tf >]i7n] sfg'g / dlxnf clwsf/sf af/]df

ul/Psf] lyof] . sfo{qmddf dxLnf lblbalxgLx?n] ljleGg ;f:s[lts sfo{qmd u/]sf lyP . sfo{qmd w'lnv]n gu/kflnsf pkk|d'n ljdnf zdf{sf] ;efkltTjdf ;DkGg ePsf] lyof] .

!# txd} sfo{qmd

lhNnf l:yt :yfgLo ;/sf/x?n] clwsfz+n] gf/L lbj; sfo{qmd ;DkGg ePsf 5g\ . ljleGg sfo{qmdsf ;fy ;DkGg sfo{qmddf gf/Lx?sf clwsf/x?sf af/]df 5nkmn ePsf] 5 . gdf]a'4 gu/kflnsfdf klg cGt{lqmof sfo{qmd ;DkGg ePsf] 5 .

ag]kf÷n}lËs ;dfgtfsf] nfuL ;dfgtfsf] nfuL ;dfg ;f]r / Aoaxf/M;d[l4sf] cfwf/ eGg] d'n gf/fsf ;fy !)( cf} cGt/fli6«o dlxnf lbj;sf] ca;/df ag]kf gu/kflnsfsn] cGt{lqmof sfo{qmd u/L dgfPsf] 5 . sfo{qmddf k'j{ ;ef;b lznf sltnfn] dlxnfx?sf] cfTdan g} 7'nf] ePsfn] cfkm' ug{ ;S5' eGg] eP kl5 s;}n] klg x]Kg g;Sg] atfO{g\ . sfg'gn] dlxnfx?nfO{ k'0f{ clwsf/ lbPsfn] ca x]lkP/ xf]O{g clwsf/ k|of]u u/L cuf8L a9\g' kg{] atfO{g\ . gf/L PSn}n] klg / k'?if PSn}n] klg s]xL ug{ g;Sg] ePsfn] ;a} ldnL sfg'gsf] kfngf, dxLnf lx+;f /f]syfddf nfUg' kg{] atfP . sfo{qmddf O{nfsf k|x/L sfo{nosf k|d'v lg/~hg e§/fO{ / sfg'g Aoa;foL nfntf/f clwsf/Ln] sfg'gsf

af/]df sfo{kq k|:t't u/]sf lyP . sfo{qmddf g]kfn h];hsL /fli6«o pkfWoIf ?sd0fL l;Ub]n, sfe|] af/ Pzf]l;PgsL k'j{ cWoIf /fdKof/L gs{dL{, lhNnf ;xsf/L ;3+ ln=sL ;~rfns ;b:o /flwsf l3ld/] nufPsf AolQmx?n] z'esfdgf dGtAo /fv]sf lyP . sfo{ q mddf :jfut dGtAo ag] k f gu/kflnsf sfo{kflnsf ;b:o k|ldnf kf08]n] /fv]sL lyO{g\ eg] ;~rfng sfo{kflnsf ;b:o Hof]tL af]u6Ln] u/]sL lyO{g\ . sfo{qmd ag]kf gu/kflnsf pk k| d ' v /] v f bfxfn ;fksf] 6 fsf] ;efkltTjdf ;DkGg ePsf] lyof] . sfo{qmddf af]Nb} gu/ pkk|d'v ;fksf] 6 fn] ag] k f gu/kflnsfn] dlxnfx?sf] Ifdtf clea[4L, l;kd'ns tflnd tyf lx+;f lj/f]wL cleofgdf sfo{qmdx? ul//x]sf] atfO{g\ .

efjk"0f{ >4f~hnL

g]kfn ;/sf/

s[lif tyf kz'kG5L ljsf; dGqfno vfB k|ljlw tyf u'0f lgoGq0f ljefu vfB k|ljlw tyf u'0f lgoGq0f sfof{no

k|d'v Aof~h'n] pkef]Qmfx?sf] lxtnfO{ Wofgdf /fVb} :yfgLo ;/sf/n] P]g sfg'g lgdf{0f ul/;s]sf] atfP . pkk|d'v ljdnf zdf{, j8f cWoIfx?, gu/kflnsf ;b:ox? ;xeflu ePsf 5g\ . ;+ljwfgn] k|bQ u/]sf clwsf/x? gful/sn] pkef]u ug{] u/L :yfgLo ;/sf/x? ;lqmo x'g' kg{] ;xeflux?n] atfPsf 5g\ . sfo{qmddf g]/];f] pkzfvf vl/jf]6 / sfe|]n] ;xhLs/0f u/]sf lyP .

gful/s / hgk|ltlglw aLr cGt{lqmof eQmk'/÷dfgj clwsf/ ;~rf/ k|lti7fg g]kfn / u'08" /]l8of] ;|f]t Snan] zlgjf/ ;"o{ljgfos gu/kflnsf j8f g+= & u'08"_ df n}ª\lus ;dgtfsf nflu …;dfg ;f]r / Jojxf/ ;d[l4sf] cfwf/ cfwf/Ú ljifos cGtlqm{of sfo{qmd ;DkGg u/]sf] 5 . sfo{qmddf !)( cf}+ cGt/f{li6«o dlxnf lbj; ;"o{ljgfos gu/kflnsfsf] ;du| ljsf; lgdf{0fsf] ;DaGwdf :yfgLo /

ag]kfdf ;+lxtf sfg'gsf af/] hfgsf/L

w' l nv] n ÷e" l d Joj:yf, ;xsf/L tyf ul/aL lgjf/0f dGqL kb\df cfof{nn] ;/sf/n] hldgnfO{ Jojl:yt ug{ e"–pkof]u P]g Nofpg nfu]sf] atfPsL l5g\ . kl5Nnf] ;do dgnfUbL a9\b} uPsf] hldg vl08s[t /f]Sg ;/sf/n] klxnf] e"–pkof]u gLlt Nofpg nfu]sf] dGqL cof{nn] atfO{g\ . zlgaf/ w'lnv]ndf k/f]ksf/ k|fylds pkrf/ s]Gb|n] cGt{/fli6«o dlxnf lbj;sf] cj;/df lhNnfaf6 lgjf{lrt pkd]o/x?sf] ;Ddfg sfo{qmddf af]Nb} dGqL cof{nn] b'O{ tLg lbg leq e"–pkof]u P]g ;/sf/n] Nofpg] tof/L ul//x]sf] atfO{g\ . gLltsf] cefjdf hldgsf] hyfefjL vl08s/0f a9\]sfn] P]g NofP/} Jojl:yt u/fpg] atfpFb} dGqL cof{nn] P]gdf hldgnfO{ gf} k|sf/df alu{s/0f ug{ nfluPsf] hfgsf/L lbO{g\ . cfjzLo, s[lifof]Uo,

w'lnv]n÷;a}sf nflu 3/ 3/df dfgj clwsf/, zflGt / ljsf;sf cfwf/ eGg] gf/fsf ;fy /fli6«o dfgj clwsf/ cfof]u k|b]z gDj/ # n] w'lnv]ndf pkef]Qmfsf] clwsf/ / sfof{Gjog ljifos cGt{lqmof sfo{qmd ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . cGt{lqmof sfo{qmdsf] g]kfn gu/kflnsf ;+3sf cWoIf Pj+ w'lnv]n gu/kflnsfsf gu/ k|d'v czf]s Aof~h'n] pb\3f6g u/]sf lyP . sfo{qmddf af]Nb} gu/

ab|L ltdlN;gf÷ag]kf /Tg r'08]Zj/ df lasf] $# cf} aflif{sf]T;j, cleefjs ;Dd]ng tyf @)&$ sf] P;O{O{ labfO ;df/f]x @)&% ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . kb|z ] ;ef ;f;+b a;G'w/f xd'fufOsf] kd|v ' cfltYotfdf ;DkGg sfoq{mddf afN]b} ;f;+b xd'fufOn { ] lzIffsf] u0'f:t/ ljsf;df tLgj6} txsf ;/sf/x?sf] Ps?ktf tyf :yfgLox?sf] ;lqmo ;xeflutf cjfZos /xs ] f] atfP . laBfno Aoj:yfkg ;ldltsf cWoIf cWoIf lab/'

lul/sf] cWoIftfdf ;DkGg sfo{qmddf ljBfnon] kf|Kt u/s ] f] cfDbfgL / vrs { f af/d]f ljBfnosf kw|fgfWofks ufs ] n ' k;|fb l3ld/n ] ] kl|tjbg kz ] u/s ] f lyP . sfoq{mddf pkkd|v ' /v ] f ;fksf6]f bfxfnn] gu/sf] lzIff gLlt tof/ eO{ ;ss ] fn] Tolx cg;'f/ lzIffdf Ps?ktf / u0'f:t/Lotf sfod ug'{ kgd]{f hf8] lbOg{\ . sfoq{mddf ljljGg ljBfdf pTsi[6 xg'] ljBfyLx{?nfO{ ;Ddfg, P;OO{{ plt0{f xg'x]?nfO{ ljbfO{ ul/Psf] lyof] . lzIfs ho/fd >i]7n] ;r + fng u/s ] f] sfoq{mddf ljBfyLx{?n] ljleGg kl|tefx? k:|tt' u/s ] f lyP .

al]7s AolQmnfO{ hUuf l;kmfl/; /f]zL÷/f]zL uf= kf= j8f g+= # lzv/ cfDaf]6]df g]kfn ;/sf/sf gfddf hfg' kg]{ hUufnfO{ JolQsf] gfddf gfd;f/L ug{ j8f cWoIf wglht nfdf ;s[o /x]sf] eGb} :yfgLox?n] ;/sf/sf] Wofgfsif{0f u/fPsf 5g\ . j] k Qf /x] s f ;fsL{ d fg tfdfªsf] afh], aHo}, cfdf–a'jf, bfh'–efO{ lbbL –alxgL 5f]/f 5f]/L sf]xL 5}gg\ . pgsf] gfddf ^ lsQf hUuf 5g\ . pQm hUufdf aif]{gL ?= #)÷$) nfv a/fj/sf] a'4lrQ dfnf kmN5g\ . pQm #)÷$) nfvsf] nf]en] glhssf xsbf/x? xf} egL s]xL xsjfnfx?

t5Ff8d5f8 ub}{ dfnkf]t sfo{no sfe|]df d'4f nl8/x]sf 5g\ . xsjfnfx? b]jfgL ;+lxtf @)&$ cGtu{tsf ck'tfnL kfpg] glhssf xsjfnfx? xf]Ogg\ . ck'tfnL g]kfn ;/sf/nfO{ hfg' kg]{df JolQmsf] gfddf l;kmfl/; lbFb} lx8\g'n] j8f cWoIf wglhtsf] z+sf:kb Aojxf/ eGb} :yfgLon] cfklQ hgfPsf 5g\ . :yflgo ;/sf/nfO{ jif]{gL k|fKt x'g] #)÷$) nfvsf] cfDbfgL j8f cWoIf nfdfn] lsg vf]h]gg < ^÷^ lsQf hUufsf] :jfldTj g]kfn ;/sf/df sfod ug'{kg]{ dfnkf]t sfo{no df}g a;]sf] eGb} ;j{;fwf/0f ?i6 ePsf 5g\ .

efjk"0f{ >4f~hnL hGd @))%.*.%

hGd @))!.!.#

:juf{/f]x0f @)&%.!!.@)

:j= uf]df rf}nfufO{ o; >L ;fgf ls;fg s[lif ;xsf/L ;+:yf ln w'lnv]n g=kf= @ /ljcf]kLsf ;dflhs kl/rfng pk;ldlt ;b:o s]bf/ rf}nfufO{sf] ddtfdoL dftf tyf z]o/ ;b:ox? ladnf rf}nfufO, ;'ldqf rf}nfufO, ldgf rf}nfufO, b'uf{ rf}nfufO{ / ufoqL rf}nfufOsf] ;f;'cfdf uf]df rf}nfufO{sf] c;fdlos lgwg ePsf]df d[tsk|lt efjk"0f{ >4f~hnL ck{0f ub{} zf]s;GtKt kl/jf/hgk|lt xflb{s ;dj]bgf k|s6 ub{5f}+ .

:juf{/f]x0f @)&%.!!.!*

:j= d}of ;fksf]6f o; ;xsf/L ;+:yf ln=sf C0f tyf lwtf] d"Nof+sg pk;ldltsf ;b:o ljgf]b ;fksf]6f z]o/ ;b:o lbks ;fksf]6fsf] ddtfdoL dftf, z]o/ ;b:o zfGtf ;fksf]6fsf] ddtfdoL ;f;'cfdf Pj+ z]o/ ;b:ox? zld{nf, zlQm/fh, ;+3if{ / lbk]z ;fksf]tfsf] ddtfdoL xh'/cfdf Pj+ z]o/ ;b:o d}}of ;fksf]6fsf] c;fdlos lgwg ePsf]df d[tsk|lt efjk"0f{ >4f~hnL ck{0f ub}{ zf]s ;GtKt kl/jf/hgdf xflb{s ;dj]bgf k|s6 ub{5f}+ .

k|bLk ;fksf]6f

clgolGqt ?kdf ls6gfzs cf}iflw k|of]u ePsf s[lif pkhx? tyf To:tf pkhx? pkef]u ug]{ hgfj/af6 pTkflbt pkhx?af6 pkef]tmfsf] :jf:Yodf k|lts"n c;/ kg{] ;fy} SofG;/ h:tf k|f0f3fts /f]u ;d]t nfUg ;Sg] / To:tf vfB j:t'x?n] cGt/fli6«o Jofkf/df klg gsf/fTds c;/ kg{] ub{5 . o:tf ls6gfifs cf}iflwsf] cjz]if jiff+}{ ;Dd /lx/xg] x'gfn] cfjZostf cg';f/ lgolGqt ?kdf ljz]if1sf] k/fdz{df dfq ls6gfzs cf}iflw k|of]u ug{÷u/fpg s[ifs ju{df xflb{s cg'/f]w ub{5 .

b]jk|;fb sf]O/fnf

>L ;fgf ls;fg s[lif ;xsf/L ;+:yf ln= kl/jf/

km'nrf]sL art tyf C0f ;xsf/L ;+:yf ln= kl/jf/

w'lnv]n @, /ljcf]kL

kgf}tL–!, /ofn], sfe|]

g]kfn ;/sf/

g]kfn ;/sf/

g]kfn ;/sf/

s[lif tyf kz'kG5L ljsf; dGqfno vfB k|ljlw tyf u'0f lgoGq0f ljefu vfB k|ljlw tyf u'0f lgoGq0f sfof{no

vfB k|ljlw tyf u'0f lgoGq0f l8lehg sfof{no w'lnv]n, sfe|] ;+ks{ g+= )!!$()@@), (*%!@#&!%^ O{–d]nM ftqcdodhulikhelkavre@gmail.com

cWoIf tyf

s[lif tyf kz'kG5L ljsf; dGqfno vfB k|ljlw tyf u'0f lgoGq0f ljefu vfB k|ljlw tyf u'0f lgoGq0f sfof{no

vfB k|ljlw tyf u'0f lgoGq0f l8lehg sfof{no w'lnv]n, sfe|] ;+ks{ g+= )!!$()@@), (*%!@#&!%^ O{–d]nM ftqcdodhulikhelkavre@gmail.com

pkef]Qmf ju{df cg'/f]w

vfB pBdL Pj+ Joj;foLx?nfO{ ;"rgf

;a} k|sf/sf Kofs u/LPsf vfB kbfy{x?sf] n]jndf lgDg ljj/0f v'nfPsf] gv'nfPsf] cWoog u/]/ dfq vl/b ug{ x'g pkef]Qmf ju{x?df cg'/f]w ul/G5 . n]j'ndf x'g' kg]{ clgjfo{ ljj/0fx?M • vfB kbfy{sf] gfd • pTkfbssf] k"/f gfd, 7]ufgf • ;ld>0f ul/Psf sRrf kbfy{x?sf] ljj/0f • vfB kbfy{sf] v"b tf}n / gfksf] kl/df0f • k|of]u ul/Psf] l:js[t /+u / kl//IfLsf] gfd • Jofr g+=, pTkfbg ldlt, / pkef]u ul/;Sg' kg]{ ldlt • n]j'ndf pNn]v x'g] ljj/0f g]kfnL jf c+u|]hL efiffdf x'g' kg]{ / oL b'O{ efiffsf cltl/Qm yk cGo s'g} efiffdf klg ljj/0f v'nfpg rfx]df v'nfpg ;lsg]5 .

vfB P]g @)@# sf] bkmf–$ / vfB lgodfjnL @)@& sf] lgod–@$ cg';f/ vfB kbfy{ pTkfbg jf k|zf]wg ug]{ pBf]ux?n] cg'1fkq lnP/ dfq vfB kbfy{ pTkfbg tyf ljlqm ljt/0f ug{ / k|To]s jif{ gjLs/0f ug{ hfgsf/L u/fOG5 . ;fy} :jLs[t lnPsf vfB kbfy{x? jfx]s cGo vfB kbfy{x? pTkfbg jf vfB kbfy{df k|of]u ug]{ n]j'ndf kl/jt{g ug{ k/]df o; ljefu tyf pBf]u ;+u ;DalGwt sfof{noaf6 :jLs[t lnP/ dfq To:tf vfB kbfy{ pTkfbg tyf ljlqm ljt/0f ug{ ;d]t hfgsf/L u/fOG5 . pk/f]Qm cg';f/ u/]sf] gkfOPdf g]kfn ;/sf/sf] vfB P]g lgod adf]lhd sfo{jfxL x'g] Joxf]/f ;"lrt ul/G5 .

cWoIf tyf

s[lif tyf kz'kG5L ljsf; dGqfno vfB k|ljlw tyf u'0f lgoGq0f ljefu vfB k|ljlw tyf u'0f lgoGq0f sfof{no

vfB k|ljlw tyf u'0f lgoGq0f l8lehg sfof{no w'lnv]n, sfe|] ;+ks{ g+= )!!$()@@), (*%!@#&!%^ O{–d]nM ftqcdodhulikhelkavre@gmail.com

vfB kbfy{df /+usf] k|of]u ;DaGwL ;"rgf vfB kbfy{df s[ltd /+usf] k|of]u :jf:Yosf] lxts/ gx'g] tyf SofG;/ h:tf k|f0f3fts /f]u lgDTofpg] ePsf]n] o;sf] k|of]u ;s];Dd gug{, /+usf] k|of]u ug}{ k/] vfg x'g] :jLs[t vfB /+u dfq k|of]u u/L / o; af/] cfjZos hfgsf/Lsf] nflu vfB k|ljlw tyf u'0f lgoGq0f l8lehg sfof{no w'lnv]n sfe|]df ;Dks{ ug{ tyf vfB j:t'df cvfB /+usf] k|of]u eP÷u/]sf] hfgsf/L kfPdf cfjZos sfo{jfxLsf] nflu o; sfo{fnodf hfgsf/L u/fO{ lbg x'g ;j}df cg'/f]w ub{5 .


&

r]i6f ;fKtflxs

k'glg{df{0fn] ;LdfGts[t ;d'bfodf v'zL kfF r vfn÷Xoflj6\ o f6 km/ Xo"dlg6L g]kfnsf] ;xof]udf cfls{6]Sr;{ ;fG; k|mlG6o;{ g]kfnn] g]kfn k"glgdf{0f ;xof]u sfo{qmd dfkm{t kfFrvfn gu/kflnsfdf ! xhf/ &( 3/ lgdf{0fdf ;xof]u k'¥ofPsf] 5 . lgdf{0fdf ePsf] ;xof]un] l;dfGts[t ;d'bfo v'zL ePsf] 5 . @)&# h]7 dlxgf b]lv @)&% kf}if dlxgf;Dd pQm sfo{qmd dfkm{t kl/of]hgf If]q leqsf e'sDk af6 k|efljt 3/w'/Lsf] k'g{lgdf{0f tyf k'g:yfkgf ug{sf] nflu ;xfotf k'¥ofO{Psf] lyof] . k|sf]k lgoGq0fsf] nflu ;xeflutfd'ns Ifdtfsf] ljsf; ug{, kf:;f ;d'x dfkm{t e'sDk af6 k|efljt ;d'bfodf ;'/lIft cfjf; lgdf{0f k|ljlwsf] 1fg / l;ksf] ljsf; ug{, k'g{lgdf{0f ;+u ;DalGwt Joa;fo ;+rfngsf] nflu cfjZos k|fljlws l;k tflnd tyf ahf/Ls/0f ;xof]u k|bfg ul/ lhljsf]kfh{df 6]jf k'¥ofpg sfo{qmd ;kmn ePsf] kfFrvfn gu/kflnsf pkk|d'v nIdL bg'jf/n] atfO{g\ . sfo{qmd dfkm{t ;fdflhs kl/rfng, k|fljlws ;xof]u, txut ;xof]u / ahf/ ljsf; sfo{qmdn] l;dfGts[t ;d'bfo nfeflGjt ePsf] lhNnf ;dGjo ;ldlt sfe|]sf k|d'v p4j s];Ln] atfP . ;'/lIft cfjf; lgdf{0fsf nflu k|fljlws ;xof]u s]Gb|sf] :yfkgf ;d]t u/]sf] pQm sfo{qmdn] & lbg] bIf 8sdL{ tflnd @ j6f

k| b fg u/] s f] 5 . tflndaf6 ^) hgf 8sdL{ tof/ ePsf 5g\ . # ;o ^) 306f cbIf 8sdL{ tflndaf6 @( 8sdL{ tof/ ePsf 5g\ . Ps xhf/ 3/df k| f ljlws lg/LIf0fdf ;xof]u k'¥ofPsf] pQm sfo{qmdaf6 #) hgfn] 8sdL{ ;DjGwL k'g{tfhuL tflnd k|fKt u/]sf 5g\ . !@ s/f]8 # nfv @( xhf/ # ;o %& ?k}of ah]6 dWo] !! s/f]8 %( nfv $* xhf/ ( ;o ^^ ?k}of vr{ ul/Psf] 5 . e'sDk af6 k|efljt ;d'bfosf] k'g:yfkgfsf] nflu ;d'bfo cfkm}nfO{ ;'/lIft cfjf; lgdf{0f ;DalGw 1fg l;k / r]tgfsf] ljsf; u/fO{ k'glgdf{0fdf ;d'bfonfO{ g} cu|;/ agfpgsf] nflu e' l dsf lgjf{ x ug] { kl/of]hgfsf] nIo cg';f/sf] pknAwL ePsf] ;xeflux?n] atfP . sfo{qmdsf] ;ldIff ub{} lhNnf :t/Lo ;ldltdf ;xeflux?n] l;dfGts[t ;d'bfosf nflu sfo{qmdaf6 /fxt ldn]sf] atfP . kl/of]hgfaf6 @ xhf/ # ;o $& ;Demf}tf ePsf nfeu|flxx?nfO{ ;]jf lbPsf] lyof] . kf:;f tflnd ! ;o %) hgfn]

lnPsf lyP eg] rf/j6f vfg]kfgL 6\oflË lgdf{0f, Psj6f ;fd'bflos ejg lgdf{0f ul/Psf] sfo{qmd ;+of]hs s[i0f ljsn] hfgsf/L lbP . e'sDkLo cg'bfg @ ;o %) 3/n] k|fKt u/]sf 5g\ eg] $ ;o (( 3/df yk %) xhf/ /sd pknAw u/fO{Psf] 5 . ! ;o %& j6f 3/nfO{ %) xhf/ a/fa/sf] bIf sfdbf/ ;xof]u ul/Psf] 5 . k|fljlws l;k ljsf; tflnd ^* hgfn] k|fKt u/]sf 5g\ eg] cf}hf/fno :yfkgf ! j6f / lgz'Ns cf}hf/x?sf] ;]jf k|jfx ! ;o ^) 3/nfO{ ul/Psf] 5 . @ ;o ^@ hgf OlGhlgo/x?nfO{ k|fljlws 1fg lbO{Psf] 5 .

xflb{s awfO{ tyf z'esfdgf

c/lgsf] oftfoft ;]jf ;ldltsf] $& cf}+ jflif{s ;fwf/0f ;efaf6 cWoIf lrqaxfb'/ s'Fj/, jl/i7 pkfWoIf g[kWj dxt, jl/i7 pkfWoIf xl/eQm >]i7, jl/i7 pkfWoIf afns[i0f >]i7, pkfWoIf If]q g+= ! lbnaxfb'/ >]i7 -s'df/_ pkfWoIf If]q g+= @ hLjg v8\sf, pkfWoIf If]q g+= # s[i0faxfb''/ kGt, ;lrj /fhs'df/ a:g]t, sf]iffWoIf O{= /fd ef/tL, ;x;lrj /fh' kf}8]n, ;xsf]iffWoIf ljsf;sfhL >]i7, pk;lrj s[i0feQm Tjogf / ;b:ox?df lbks/fh lu/L, lbg]zs'df/ >]i7, gf/fo0fb]j s'Fj/, gf/fo0fk|;fb Gof}kfg], >LdtL kDkmf lzjelQm, ab|Lgfy yfkf / ;fg'afa' al/of -kfh'_ lglj{/f]w lgjf{lrt x'g'ePsf]df xflb{s awfO{ 1fkg ub{}{ sfo{sfn

x]nDa' oftfoft ;]jf ;ldltsf] @@ cf}+ jflif{s ;fwf/0f ;efaf6 cWoIf /fh]zs'df/ >]i7, jl/i7 pkfWoIf Zofds'df/ >]i7 -d08g_, pkfWoIf k'?iff]Qd dfgGw/, ;lrj lanaxfb'/ >]i7 -/d]z_, sf]iffWoIf a'l4bf; >]i7, ;x;lrj kbdaxfb'/ >]i7, ;xsf]iffWoIf ;'/]zeQm ef]l5ef]of, / ;b:ox?df t]haxfb'/ aflgofF sfhL_, v8\uaxfb'/ >]i7, s]bf/gfy dxfh', ;xb]j sdf{rfo{, /f]h]zs'df/ >]i7 ;Gb]z j}B lglj{/f]w lgjf{lrt x'g'ePsf]df xflb{s awfO{ 1fkg ub{}{ sfo{sfn k"0f{ ;kmntfsf] z'esfdgf JoQm ub{5f}+ .

k|]d nfdf

df5fk'R5«] agk]f ( gDj/ j8fdf :jf:Yo lzlj/ a}+ssf] ;Ddfg sfo{qmd ;fu/ cfrfo{÷ag]kf ljut !@ jif{b]lv ag]kfdf ;]jf lb+b} cfPsf] df5fk'R5|] a}+s ag]kf zfvfåf/f cGt/f{li6«o gf/L lbj;sf] pknIodf k]jf art vftf vf]Ng] dlxnfx?nfO{ bf];Nnf cf]9fO{ ;Ddfg u/]sf] 5 . cGt/f{li6«o gf/L lbj;sf] lbgdf ;f] vftf vf]Ng] % hgf dlxnfnfO{ ;Ddfg ub}{ a}+ssf zfvf k|jGws ;'lgn tfd|fsf/n] of] vftf vf]Ng] gf/Lx?sf] ;Ddfg ug{ kfpFbf uf}/jflGjt ePsf] dxz'; ePsf] atfpg' eof] eg] ;f]xL sfo{qmddf pQm a}+ssf] skf]{/]6 sfof{no nflhDkf6df ePsf] / (^ j6f zfvf sfof{no, ! ;o !* j6f P=l6=Pd= / ^# j6f a|fGrn]; a}+s /x]sf] hfgsf/L pQm zfvfsf l8kf]lh6 l/n]zg d]g]h/ of]u]Gb| xn'jfO{n] hfgsf/L lbP .

ag]kf÷ Pg l; l; Pkm sf] cfof]hgf / ag]kf gu/kflnsf j8f g+= ( sf] ;dGjodf Ps lbg] lgz'Ns kf7]3/ tyf :tg SofG;/ lgbfg / /f]syfd ;aGwL k|f/lDes kl/If0f ul/Psf] 5 . lzla/ sfo{qmddf gu/kflnsf tyf j8fsf dlxnf ;d]t u/L # ;o !@ hgfsf] kl/If0f ul/Psf] j8f ;rLa ljzfn ljqmd sfo:yn] hfgsf/L lbPsf 5g\ . lzla/df ^ hgf dlxnfx?sf] ck|]zg ug{'kg{] b]vLPsf]n] plgx?sf] lgz'Ns ck|]zg ug{] lzla/df

/x]sf 8fS6/n] hfgsf/L lbPsf 5g\ . j8fn] cfufdL lbgdf :jf:Yo, lzIff / ljsf;sf sfdx?nfO{ lta|tf lbg] j8f cWoIf z]/ axfb'/ ;'jfnn] hfgsf/L lbP . j8fdf /x]sf ;Dk'0f{ hgtfsf] ;]js ePsfn] ljleGg sfo{qmdx? ub{] hfg] j8f cWoIf ;'jfnn] atfP . dlxnfx?df nfUg] SofG;/ /f]u dWo] kf7]3/sf] d'vsf] SofG;/ k|yd :yfgdf /x]sf] / :tg SofG;/ bf]>f] :yfgdf kfO{Psfn] lzla/df cfPsf dlxnfx?nfO{ a]nf a]nfdf :jf:Yo kl/If0f ug{ ;'emfa lbPsf lyP .

xflb{s awfO{ tyf z'esfdgf

c/lgsf] oftfoft ;]jf ;ldltsf] $& cf}+ jflif{s ;fwf/0f ;efaf6 cWoIf lrqaxfb'/ s'Fj/, jl/i7 pkfWoIf g[kWj dxt, jl/i7 pkfWoIf xl/eQm >]i7, jl/i7 pkfWoIf afns[i0f >]i7, pkfWoIf If]q g+= ! lbnaxfb'/ >]i7 -s'df/_ pkfWoIf If]q g+= @ hLjg v8\sf, pkfWoIf If]q g+= # s[i0faxfb''/ kGt, ;lrj /fhs'df/ a:g]t, sf]iffWoIf O{= /fd ef/tL, ;x;lrj /fh' kf}8]n, ;xsf]iffWoIf ljsf;sfhL >]i7, pk;lrj s[i0feQm Tjogf / ;b:ox?df lbks/fh lu/L, lbg]zs'df/ >]i7, gf/fo0fb]j s'Fj/, gf/fo0fk|;fb Gof}kfg], >LdtL kDkmf lzjelQm, ab|Lgfy yfkf / ;fg'afa' al/of -kfh'_ lglj{/f]w lgjf{lrt x'g'ePsf]df xflb{s awfO{ 1fkg ub{}{ sfo{sfn

x]nDa' oftfoft ;]jf ;ldltsf] @@ cf}+ jflif{s ;fwf/0f ;efaf6 cWoIf /fh]zs'df/ >]i7, jl/i7 pkfWoIf Zofds'df/ >]i7 -d08g_, pkfWoIf k'?iff]Qd dfgGw/, ;lrj lanaxfb'/ >]i7 -/d]z_, sf]iffWoIf a'l4bf; >]i7, ;x;lrj kbdaxfb'/ >]i7, ;xsf]iffWoIf ;'/]zeQm ef]l5ef]of, / ;b:ox?df t]haxfb'/ aflgofF sfhL_, v8\uaxfb'/ >]i7, s]bf/gfy dxfh', ;xb]j sdf{rfo{, /f]h]zs'df/ >]i7 ;Gb]z j}B lglj{/f]w lgjf{lrt x'g'ePsf]df xflb{s awfO{ 1fkg ub{}{ sfo{sfn k"0f{ ;kmntfsf] z'esfdgf JoQm ub{5f}+ .

xflb{s awfO{ tyf z'esfdgf j0f{ zfSo cWoIf tyf

sfe|] a; Joj;foL ;+3 kl/jf/

cWoIf tyf

afUdtL l6k/ Joj;foL ;+3 kl/jf/, ag]kf, sfe|]

xflb{s awfO{ tyf z'esfdgf

c/lgsf] oftfoft ;]jf ;ldltsf] $& cf}+ jflif{s ;fwf/0f ;efaf6 cWoIf lrqaxfb'/ s'Fj/, jl/i7 pkfWoIf g[kWj dxt, jl/i7 pkfWoIf xl/eQm >]i7, jl/i7 pkfWoIf afns[i0f >]i7, pkfWoIf If]q g+= ! lbnaxfb'/ >]i7 -s'df/_ pkfWoIf If]q g+= @ hLjg v8\sf, pkfWoIf If]q g+= # s[i0faxfb''/ kGt, ;lrj /fhs'df/ a:g]t, sf]iffWoIf O{= /fd ef/tL, ;x;lrj /fh' kf}8]n, ;xsf]iffWoIf ljsf;sfhL >]i7, pk;lrj s[i0feQm Tjogf / ;b:ox?df lbks/fh lu/L, lbg]zs'df/ >]i7, gf/fo0fb]j s'Fj/, gf/fo0fk|;fb Gof}kfg], >LdtL kDkmf lzjelQm, ab|Lgfy yfkf / ;fg'afa' al/of -kfh'_ lglj{/f]w lgjf{lrt x'g'ePsf]df xflb{s awfO{ 1fkg ub{}{ sfo{sfn

jif{ @% c+s !( @)&% kmfNu'g #) ut] ljxLjf/

x]nDa' oftfoft ;]jf ;ldltsf] @@ cf}+ jflif{s ;fwf/0f ;efaf6 cWoIf /fh]zs'df/ >]i7, jl/i7 pkfWoIf Zofds'df/ >]i7 -d08g_, pkfWoIf k'?iff]Qd dfgGw/, ;lrj lanaxfb'/ >]i7 -/d]z_, sf]iffWoIf a'l4bf; >]i7, ;x;lrj kbdaxfb'/ >]i7, ;xsf]iffWoIf ;'/]zeQm ef]l5ef]of, / ;b:ox?df t]haxfb'/ aflgofF sfhL_, v8\uaxfb'/ >]i7, s]bf/gfy dxfh', ;xb]j sdf{rfo{, /f]h]zs'df/ >]i7 ;Gb]z j}B lglj{/f]w lgjf{lrt x'g'ePsf]df xflb{s awfO{ 1fkg ub{}{ sfo{sfn k"0f{ ;kmntfsf] z'esfdgf JoQm ub{5f}+ .

/fh]z;'Gb/ ;}+h"

ag]kf, sfe|]

xflb{s awfO{ tyf z'esfdgf

c/lgsf] oftfoft ;]jf ;ldltsf] $& cf}+ jflif{s ;fwf/0f ;efaf6 cWoIf lrqaxfb'/ s'Fj/, jl/i7 pkfWoIf g[kWj dxt, jl/i7 pkfWoIf xl/eQm >]i7, jl/i7 pkfWoIf afns[i0f >]i7, pkfWoIf If]q g+= ! lbnaxfb'/ >]i7 -s'df/_ pkfWoIf If]q g+= @ hLjg v8\sf, pkfWoIf If]q g+= # s[i0faxfb''/ kGt, ;lrj /fhs'df/ a:g]t, sf]iffWoIf O{= /fd ef/tL, ;x;lrj /fh' kf}8]n, ;xsf]iffWoIf ljsf;sfhL >]i7, pk;lrj s[i0feQm Tjogf / ;b:ox?df lbks/fh lu/L, lbg]zs'df/ >]i7, gf/fo0fb]j s'Fj/, gf/fo0fk|;fb Gof}kfg], >LdtL kDkmf lzjelQm, ab|Lgfy yfkf / ;fg'afa' al/of -kfh'_ lglj{/f]w lgjf{lrt x'g'ePsf]df xflb{s awfO{ 1fkg ub{}{ sfo{sfn

x]nDa' oftfoft ;]jf ;ldltsf] @@ cf}+ jflif{s ;fwf/0f ;efaf6 cWoIf /fh]zs'df/ >]i7, jl/i7 pkfWoIf Zofds'df/ >]i7 -d08g_, pkfWoIf k'?iff]Qd dfgGw/, ;lrj lanaxfb'/ >]i7 -/d]z_, sf]iffWoIf a'l4bf; >]i7, ;x;lrj kbdaxfb'/ >]i7, ;xsf]iffWoIf ;'/]zeQm ef]l5ef]of, / ;b:ox?df t]haxfb'/ aflgofF sfhL_, v8\uaxfb'/ >]i7, s]bf/gfy dxfh', ;xb]j sdf{rfo{, /f]h]zs'df/ >]i7 ;Gb]z j}B lglj{/f]w lgjf{lrt x'g'ePsf]df xflb{s awfO{ 1fkg ub{}{ sfo{sfn k"0f{ ;kmntfsf] z'esfdgf JoQm ub{5f}+ .

cfTdf/fd yfkf cWoIf tyf

cWoIf tyf

sfe|] ldlga; ;]jf ;ldlt kl/jf/, ag]kf, sfe|]

lxdfn t/fO{ oftfoft ;]jf ;ldlt kl/jf/ ag]kf, sfe|]

dfnkf]t sfof{no, sfe|]knf~rf]saf6 hf/L ePsf] hUuf xsbfjL / xsbf/ a]kQ] ;DaGwL

dfnkf]t sfof{no, sfe|]knf~rf]saf6 hf/L ePsf] h=w= a]kQ] hUuf xs ef]u Pj+ xsbfjL ;DaGwL

dfnkf]t sfof{no, sfe|]knf~rf]saf6 hf/L ePsf] ltgk':t] gfd ;+zf]wg ;DaGwL

#% lbg] ;fj{hlgs ;"rgf

#% lbg] ;fj{hlgs ;"rgf

#% lbg] ;fj{hlgs ;"rgf

sf=k=lh= ;fljs snfFtL e"ld8fF8f uflj; j8f g+= ! a:g] nfnaxfb'/ tfdfª ;d]tn] lktf ;'s'/fd tfdfª ;d]tn] lktf ;'s'/fd tfdfª ldlt @)^&.&.!% df sfnultaf6 d[To' ePsf] cfdf dfof tfdfª ldlt @)%) ;fnb]lv a]kQf ePsf] lktf ;'s'/fd tfdfªsf] z]ifkl5 xs vfg] xsbf/df xfdL lgj]bs 5f]/fx? nfnaxfb'/ tfdfª, anaxfb'/ l;+ tfdfª, ;fg'sfG5f tfdfª ;d]t # hgf dfq ePsf] x'Fbf lktf ;'s'/fd tfdfªsf] gfddf btf{ sfod ePsf] sfklh snfFtL e"ld8fF8f j8f g+= ! sf] ls=g+= *)$, *)^, &&^, &^*, &&@ sf hUufx? xfdL xsbf/ 5f]/fx?sf gfddf ;+o'Qm gfd;f/L u/L kfpF elg dfu lgj]bg k]z u/]sf] b]lvFbf dfu lgj]bg adf]lhd gfd;f/L ul/lbFbf sf]xL s;}sf] xs ef]udf afwf lj/f]w kg{] eP jf lgj]bs af]xs cGo sf]xL xsbf/ eP jf a]kQ] elgPsL dfof tfdfª ;Dks{df eP jf dfu lgj]bg adf]lhd gfd;f/L gx'g'kg{] eP jf dfu lgj]bg em'7f eP of] ;"rgf k|sflzt ePsf] ldltn] #% lbgleq ;k|df0f ;lxt sfof{nodf pkl:yt eO{ hUuf xsbfjL ug{ x'g ;/f]sf/jfnf ;a}df hfgsf/L u/fO{G5 .

sf=k=lh= ;fljs ;fFuf ( s ls=g+= @&@, @##, @*!, @(), #!& / #@$ sf hUufx? Zofd ldhf/, wd{/fh ldhf/, gfgLd}of ldhf/ / anaxfb'/ ldhf/ ;d]tsf] gfddf ;+o'Qm btf{ sfod ePsf]df ;+o'Qm btf{jfnf dWo] anaxfb'/ ldhf/ ldlt @)^#.(.! b]lv a]kQf ePsf] x'Fbf a]kQ] h=w= anaxfb'/ ldhf/sf] xs lx:;f gfd;f/L dfu u/L ;fljs sfe|] lhNnf pu|tf/f * a:g] Zofd ldhf/, wd{/fh ldhf/ / gfgLd}of ldhf/n] ;+o'Qm gfd;f/L dfu lgj]bg k]z u/]sf] b]lvFbf a]kQ] h=w= anaxfb'/ ldhf/ ljjflxt cljjflxt s'g cj:yfdf a]kQf ePsf] xf] < lghsf] xsvfg] glhssf] xsbf/ cGo sf]xL eP jf a]kQ] elgPsf anaxfb'/ ldhf/ ;Dks{df eP jf dfu lgj]bg adf]lhd a]kQ] h=w= anaxfb'/ ldhf/sf] xs lx:;f gfd;f/L x'g' gkg{] eP jf dfu lgj]bg em'7f eP of] ;"rgf k|sflzt ePsf] ldltn] #% lbgleq ;a'b k|df0f;lxt xsbfjLsf nflu ;/f]sf/jfnf ;a}df hfgsf/L u/fO{G5 . cGoyf lgodfg';f/ e}hfg]5 .

sf=k=lh= ;fljs kf]v/L rf}/L uflj; j8f g+= $ a:g] lrGtfk|;fb rf}nfufO{n] d]/f] gfddf btf{ sfod ;fljs kf]v/L rf}/L j8f g+= % ls=g+= &@* / *(( sf] hUufsf] k'hf{ x/fPsf] x'Fbf pQm hUufsf] k|ltlnlk pknAw u/fO{ pQm hUufsf] >]:tfdf d]/f] gfd lrGtfdl0f rf}nfufO{ afa'sf] gfd rGb|d0fL rf}nfufO{ pNn]v ePsf] x'Fbf d]/f] gful/stf cg';f/ d]/f] gfd lrGtfk|;fb rf}nfufO{ afa'sf] gfd zlzw/ rf}nfufO{ / afh]sf] gfd uf}/Lz+s/ rf}nfufO{ ;d]t ;+zf]wg ;lxt >]:tf k'hf{df sfod u/L k'hf{sf] k|ltlnlk pknAw u/fO{ kfpF elg dfu lgj]bg k]z u/]sf] b]lvFbf dfu lgj]bg adf]lhd >]:tf k'hf{df gfd ;+zf]wg u/L pNn]lvt hUufsf] k|ltlnlk pknAw u/fO{ lbFbf sf]xL s;}nfO{ afwf kg{] eP jf sf]xL s;}sf] xs ef]udf c;/ kg{] eP jf dfu lgj]bg adf]lhd gx'g'kg{] eP jf dfu lgj]bg em'7f eP of] ;"rgf k|sflzt ePsf] ldltn] #% lbgleq ;a'b k|df0f;lxt xsbfjLsf nflu ;/f]sf/jfnf ;a}df hfgsf/L u/fO{G5 . cGoyf ;+zf]wg eO{ k'hf{sf] k|ltlnlk pknAw eO{ hfg]5 .


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motiramtimalsina@gmail.com

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The Selected

jif{ @% c+s !( @)&% kmfNu'g #) ut] ljxLjf/

k|f]= houf]kfn >]i7 -(*$!))$&%*

d]/f] syf,d]/f] Joyf

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oxfF h'Qf, rKkn, Hofs]6, lhG; kfOG6 nufot cGo km]G;L ;fdfgx? kfOG5 .

arfpg';\ dnfO{ afFRg dg 5 efUo klg v} stf stf < dfG5] eP/ hlGdP kl5 dfG5]n] dfG5]sf] Aojxf/ ug{ ;s]g / dfgljotf b] v fpg ;s] g eg] hGdg'sf] s] cy{ < s]lx dfG5] dfq} 9'+uf h:tf] ;fx|f] ePsf x'G5g\ . t/ clwsf+z AolQx? sf]dn dg ePsf x'G5g . dfG5]n] b'v / cfkt kbf{ ;xof]u u/]g eg] To;sf] cy{ s] g} eof] / < chDj/L a'6L lnP/ sf]lx hlGdPsf] 5}g / x'Fb}g klg . Ps lbg ;a} dg{' k5{ . t/ hlGdP kl5 ;dfhnfO{ s]lx g s]lx lbg; k5{ . ;dfhdf of]ubfg k'¥ofpg ;lsof] eg] dfq} hGdg'sf] ;fy{s x'G5 . ;dfhdf s]lx of]ubfg k'¥ofpg dfG5]n] vfO{ gvfO{ d]xgt u/]s} x'G5g\ . x'g]n] /sd bfg ug{] / gx'g]n] h] 5 Tolx ug{] xf] eg] dfq} klg d'n's ;Dj[4 x'g ;S5 . /fHo ;a}sf nflu xf] . /fHon] k|bfg ug{] ;]jf ;'ljwf klg ;a}sf nflu x'g' k5{ . ;+ljwfgn] klg lzIff / :jf:Yo nufotsf cfwf/e't ljifonfO{ clgjfo{ u/]sf] 5 . ;a} gful/s pQm ;]jfaf6 al~rt x'g' k/]sf] 5 . :jf:Yodf nfUg] vr{n] g]kfnLx?sf] pl7af; nfu]sf] 5 . ;Sg]x?n] t b]z ljb]z hxfF k'u]/ eP klg pkrf/ u/fpF5g\ . g;Sg]x?n] l;6fdf]n ;d]t vfg ;Sg] cj:yf 5}g . nf]ssNof0fsf/L /fHodf gful/sn] pkrf/ gkfP/ dg{' kg{] / cf}ifwLsf nflu xft k;f/f] kg{' kg{] cj:yfsf] cGTo ug{' k5{ . lhNnfsf] ljs6 If]q /f]zL ufpFkflnsf dxfb]j6f/ ;fljs & lgËfn] :yfoL a;f]af; ug{] lji0f'axfb'/ /vfn du/sf] 5f]/f xf] d . d]/f] hGd @)^) d+l;/ !& ut] nlntk'/df ePsf] xf] . d]/f] a'afcfdf O{6f e§fdf sfd ug{'x'GYof] . Tolx ;dodf d]/f] hGd ePsf] /x]5 . kl5 dnfO{ ufpFdf lnP/ hfg'eof] . d 5 jif{ ePkl5 d]/f] a'afn] dnfO{ k9fpgsf] nflu ufpFs} >L yfgfklt k|fylds ljBfnodf sIff ! df egf{ ul/ lbg'eof] . d lbbLx?sf] ;fydf :s"n hfg] cfpg] uy{] . d k9\g] qmddf k|yd >]0fL xfl;n ub{} uPF . d k9]sf] :s"ndf kfFr sIff eGbf c? sIff k9\gsf] nflu lyPg . To; :s"nsf lk|lG;kn ;Togf/fo0f rf}w/Ln] dnfO{ ;fx|} dfof ug{' x'GYof] . d]/f] k9fO{ b]v]/ pxfF k|zGg x'g'x'GYof] . d :s"ndf k9\bf ;a};Fu ldn]/ a:g] ldng;f/ :jefjsf] lyPF . ;/x? k|lt cfb/ ;Ddfg ug{] ub{y] .

;do qmd ljTb} hfFbf d}n] To; :s"n 5f8]/ cGoq :s"ndf egf{ ug{' kg{] eof] . lsg eg] To; :s"ndf sIff % ;Dd dfq k9fO{ x''GYof] . ;f]lx cg'?k d]/f] a'afn] dnfO{ dfdf 3/sf] glhsdf /x] s f] >L ;De] Z j/ cfwf/e"t ljBfnodf egf{ ul/ lbg' eof] . d dfdf3/ glhsdf /x]sf] :s"ndf k9\g uO/xGy] . To; ljBfnosf] lk|lG;kn zq'wgs'df/ ofbj x'g'x'GYof] . To; ljBfnodf d]/f] k9fO{ /fd|f] x'Fb} uof] . d}n] bf];|f] :yfg xfl;n ug{ ;kmn ePF . To; ljBfnodf klg d gd| ;xgzLn / ldng;f/ g} lyPF . k9\b} hfg] qmddf bf];|f] q}dfl;s k/LIff klg ;'? eof] . d k/LIffsf] tof/Ldf nfu]+ . k/LIff /fd|} x'Fb} lyof] . t/ Pp6f ljifosf] k/LIff lbg eg] ;lsgF . d k/LIffsf] t];|f] lbg 9n]/ :s"n hfg g;s]kl5 d}n] a'afnfO{ kmf]g u/]/ d}n] k/LIff lbg g;s]sf] s'/f atfPF . pxfF kmf]g u/]sf] ef]lnkN6} lng cfpg'eof] . a'af klg Ps /ft dfdf 3/d} a:g' eof] . ef]lnkN6 a'afn] dnfO{ af]s]/ ufpFsf] 3/df lnP/ cfpg'eof] . dnfO{ ufpFdf NofP kl5 a'afn] hfGg]x?nfO{ b]vfpg' eof] . d]/f] z/L/ x]bf{ hfGg]x?n] o;nfO{ hl08; nfu]sf] /x]5 eg]/ #, $ lbg hl08;sf] cf}ifwL v'jfpg' eof] . t/ dnfO{ To; cf}iflwn] s]xL c;/ u/]g . To;kl5 a'afn] dnfO{ sf7df8f}+sf] l;tfkfO{nf hl08; xl:k6n lnP/ hfg'eof] . ToxfF d]/f] r]shfFr eof] . ToxfFsf] 8S6/n] klg dnfO{ /utsf] dfqf sdL 5 cGo xl:k6ndf nu]/ /ut hFrfpg' eGg' eof] . To;kl5 a'afn] lz/ d]df]l/on xl:k6ndf nu]/ egf{ ul/lbg' eof] . Toltv]/ 8S6/n] dnfO{ l;w} cfOl;o"df lnP/ pkrf/ ul/ lbg' eof] . ToxfFsf] 8S6/n] a'afnfO{ /ut vf]h]/ Nofpg'xf]; eGg'eP5 . a'afn] /ut vf]h]/ Nofpg' eP5 . To;kl5 Tof] /ut d]/f] z/L/df r9fOof] . kl5 d]/f] lj:tf/} xf]; v'Nb} uof] . pkrf/ ug{] qmddf 8S6/x?n] dnfO{ s] /f]u nfu]sf] xf] kQf nufpg ;s]gg . ToxfF sfo{/t 8S6/x? slj/fh /fO{ / ;fdgf >]i7n] s;f]u/L of] afnsnfO{ arfpg ;lsG5 eg]/ ;Nnfx u/]/ eQmk'/ SofG;/ xl:k6n k7fpg'eof] . To;kl5 dnfO{ eQmk'/ SofG;/ xl:k6ndf egf{ ul/lbg'eof] . ToxfF klg d]/f] z/L/sf] /utsf] r]shfFr ul/of] . ToxfF klg /f]u kQf nufpg

g;lsPkl5 ToxfFsf] 8S6/x?n] dxf/fhu~h xl:k6n lnP/ hfg' eGg'eof] . 8S6/sf] ;Nnfxadf]lhd dnfO{ dxf/fhu~h l:yt xl:k6ndf egf{ ul/of] . ;a}lt/ d]/f] /f]u kQf gnfu] k l5 km] / L hfjnfv] n sf] xl:k6ndf hfg l/km/ ul/of] . ToxfF klg ;f]r]h:tf] pkrf/ ePg . ToxfFsf] 8S6/n] xfdL pkrf/ ug{ ;Sb}gf} eg]/ eg]kl5 a'afn] km]l/ lz/d]df]l/on xl:k6nd} kmsf{P/ Nofpg] qmddf af6f] d f ;" o { l jgfos cfO{ k ' U bf lz/d] d f] l /on xl:k6nsf] 8S6/ ;fdgfn] a'afnfO{ kmf]g ug{'eof] . pxfFn] afa'sf] s] 5 xfnva/ eGg'eof] . a'afn] 8fS6/;fa slxF uPklg ;d:ofsf] ;dfwfg ePg eg]/ Tolx xl:k6n kms{b} 5' eg]/ 8S6/nfO{ eGg'eof] . 8S6/;fan] x'G5 Nofpg';\ xfdL ;s]sf] pkrf/ u5f{} eGg'eof] . a'afn] afa'sf] pkrf/df w]/} vr{ nfu]sf] / /f]u klg kQf gnfu] s f] s' / f 8S6/;fd' eGg'eof] . of] s'/f ;'g]/ 8S6/n] d]/f] pkrf/ lgz'Ns ul/lbg'eof] . t/ d]/f] lgz'Ns ToxfF ;Dej lyPg . ToxfFsf] 8S6/n] afg]Zj/df /x]sf] l;len xl:k6nsf] 8S6/ ljz]if eGg]nfO{ An8 ;DaGwLsf] 8S6/ kQf nufpg'eP5 . To; 8S6/ ljz]ifnfO{ e]6\g] ;do ldnfOlbg'eof] . t/ 8S6/;fanfO{ e]6\g a'afn] ;Sg'ePg . kl5 a'afn] lz/ d]df]l/on xl:k6nsf] 8S6/nfO{ cg'/f]w ul/ d]/f] gfddf lr7L n]vL pkrf/sf] nflu l;kmfl/; ul/lbg'eof] . To;kl5 xfdL l;len xl:k6ndf uof}+ . ToxfFsf] 8S6/n] dnfO{ x]g{'eof] . To;kl5 8S6/n] afa'nfO{ af]gDof/f] c? 6]i6 u/fpg'xf];\ eg]/ eGg'eof] . d To; xl:k6ndf egf{ ePF . d]/f] af]gDof/f] 6]i6 ul/of] . l/kf]6{ klg cfof] . l/kf]6{df d]/f] af]gDof/f] km]n ePsf] hfgsf/L cfof] . ToxfFsf] 8S6/n] d]/f] a'af;Fu s'/f ug{'eof] . a'afn] d]/f] 5f]/fnfO{ s] ubf{ lgsf] x'G5 eg]/ ;f]Wbf 8S6/n] af]gDof/f] k|Tof/f]k0f ug{'k5{ eGg'eof] . pxfFn] c? ;Nnfx klg lbg'eof] . pxfFn] af]gDof/f] efO{ jf alxgLaf6 klg k|Tof/f]k0f ug{ ldNg] t/ lsGgsf] nflu s/f]8f}+ ?k}ofF kg{] pxfFn] eGg'eof] . d]/f] b'O{j6f alxgLx? 5g\ . To;kl5 b'O{j6L alxgLsf] af]gDof/f]

6]i6 u/fpg'eof] . t/ %) k|ltzt eGbf ldn]g . a'afn] 8S6/;Fu 5f]/Lx?sf] af]gDof/f] 6]i6 %) k|ltzt dfq ldn]sf] s'/f hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . To;kl5 8S6/;fan] To;f] eP ca cf}iflwaf6} pkrf/ u/f}+ eg]/ eGg'eof] . t/ a'af;Fu kof{Kt /sd lyPg . ePsf] /sd ;a} pkrf/ vr{df ;lsPsf] lyof] . a'af d]/f] pkrf/ vr{ s;/L h'6fpg] eg]/ lrlGtt x'g'x'GYof] . a'af;Fu ljb]zdf sdfP/ NofPsf] k};fn] hf]8]sf] $ cfgf 38]/L hUuf lyof] . Tolx 38]/L @& nfv &% xhf/df ljqmL u/L d]/f] pkrf/df vr{ ug{' eof] . d]/f] :jf:Yo klxn]sf] eGbf cln sd x'Fb} cfof] . ddf k9\g] hfFu/ cfof] . kl5 a'afn] ag]kfdf /x]sf] lzIff;bg dfWolds ljBfnodf egf{ ul/ lbg' eof] . d ;s]sf] a]nfdf :s"n hfg] cfpg] uy{] . d]/f] /f]usf] cj:yf / kfl/jf/Ls ;d:of a'em]/ ToxfFsf] lk|lG;kn k'sf/ s0f{hLtn] ljBfnosf] tkm{af6 % nfv ( xhf/ cfly{s ;xof]u ug{' eof] . a'afn] d]/f] pkrf/sf] nflu cfkm\gf] ;DklQ ;a} ;sfpg'eof] . ;fy;fy} ;xof]uL xft lkmhfpg'eof] . clxn] d]/f] :jf:Yodf s]lx ;'wf/ cfPsf] 5 . t/ d]/f] /ftf] /Qmsf]if / ;]tf] /Qm sf]if agfpg] /Qm sf]lzsfn] sfd gu/]sf] x'gfn] d]/f] z/L/df af]gDof/f] k|Tof/f]k0f ug'{kg{] ePsf]n] alxgLx?af6 klg Tof] ;Dej ePg . cf}iflw pkrf/af6 klg nfdf] ;do;Dd ;Dej gx'g] ePsf]n] a'af cfkm}+af6 af]gDof/f] k|Tof/f]k0f ug{] ljrf/n] a'afsf] af]gDof/f] 6]i6 u/fpg' eof] . a'afsf] af]gDof/f]af6 ;Dej x'g] ePsf]n] d}n] afFRg] cfzf /fv]sf] 5' . t/ a'afsf] af]gDof/f] k|Tof/f]k0f ug{sf] nflu klg !^ b]lv !* nfv nfUg] ePsf] x'gfn] d]/f] kl/jf/nfO{ cfly{s ;+s6 k/]sf] 5 . d afFRg rfxG5' . ;+;f/ x]g{ rfxG5' . dnfO{ gofF hLjg lbg'x'g ;a}df ljgd| cg'/f]w ub{5' . d]/f] OR5f eg]sf afFr]/ b]zsf] ;]jf ug{] /x]sf] 5 . d]/f] hLjg tkfO{x?s} xftdf 5 . ;]jf g} 7"nf] wd{ xf] . dnfO{ tkfO{x? hf] sf]xLn] ;xof]u ug{ ;Sg'x'g]5 . o;sf] nflu tkfO{x?n] d]/f] s[lif ljsf; a}+s ag]kfdf /x]sf] vftf g+= )@!@^)!@$%)#*)!%df /sd u/]/ ;xof]u ug{ ;Sg'x'g]5 . To;}u/L d]/f] a'af lji0f'axfb'/ /vfn du/sf] g+= (^!$(%^!)& df kmf]g u/]/ k|ToIf ?kdf e]6]/ klg ;xof]u ug{

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#$ ut] ;do s] x L gs/fTds ePsf] sf/0f r+rntf cfpg'sf] ;fy} 3/fo;L em}emu8f xf]nf, afFsLsf] lbgdf eg] ;fx; / w}o{tf j[l4, kfl/kf/Ls ;'v k|flKtsf] ;fy} dgUo wg k|flKt x'g]5 . dGq M ç b'+ b'uf{o gdM . #)–$ ut];Dddf af]nLsf] k|efj a9\gfn] sfo{df ;kmntf, bfh'efO{af6 ;xof]u k|flKt, ldqdf ;'v ldNnf, afFsLsf lbgdf eg] lgb|fdf c;'ljwf, ;dfhdf cfnf]rgf cfpg ;Sgfn] ;r]t /xg'xf]nf . dGq M ç lg+ lglvn+ lg+ ç . ;ftf k"/} z'e /x]sf] x'Fbf dfg ;Ddfg k|flKt, pkxf/ cflb j:t' k|flKt, cfsl:ds wgnfe, cw'/f sfo{ ;xh} ;kmn x'g'sf] ;fy} ldi7fGg ef]hg klg k|flKt x'g]5 . dGq M ç gju|xEof] gdM #)–@ ut];Dd s]xL v/fa rn]sf] x'Fbf rf]6k6ssf] eo /xg'sf] ;fy} df]6f] wg/fzL vr{ xf]nf, afFsLsf] lbgdf eg] z/L/df ;'v k|flKt, /f]uaf6 d'lQmsf] ;fy} aGw'afGwjaf6 ;xof]u ldNnf . dGq M ç z+ zq'bdgfo km6\ .

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;ftfsf] dWo #–$ ;Dd dfg ;Ddfgdf cfFr cfpnf tyf dfgl;s lrGtfn] ;tfpnf, c? lbgdf eg] wg cfudgsf] gofF af6f] j[l4, ;do cfkm\gf] cg's"ntf /xg'sf] ;fy} gofF j:q k|flKt xf]nf . dGq M ç x|L+ efUof]bo x|L+ gd M . #)–$ ut];Dd k"/} /fHoaf6 ;'vnfe, OlR5t sfo{df l;l4 ldNg], t/n kbfy{sf] Joj;foaf6 kmfObf ldNg]5, %–^ ut];Dd eg] zq' j[l4 x'gfn] dgdf lvGgtf af]w xf]nf . dGq M ç P]+ x|L+ P]+ ;/:jTo} gdM . of] ;ftf k"/} xh'/sf] kIfdf /x]sf sf/0f df+ulns sfo{df ;xeflutf, hflu/df k|df]zg k|flKt, Jofkf/af6 wg k|flKt, sfo{df ;kmntf, sd{ k|flKtsf] ;fy} lg/f]lutf k|flKt x'g]5 . dGq M ç qmL+ Jofkf/ a[4o] qmL+ km6\ . ;ftfsf] ;'?sf] tLg lbg d[To't'No si6 cfOkg{'sf] ;fy} em'6f cf/f]k klg cfpnf, afFsLsf] lbgdf eg] u'?ju{af6 ;'v k|flKt, lktfsf] ;xof]u k|flKtsf] ;fy} 3/hUuf k|flKt xf]nf . dGq M ç x|L+ gd .

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#)–@ ut];Dddf ljk/Lt lnËaf6 ;'v k|flKt, ;fgf]ltgf] ofqf t/ si6k"0f{ xf]nf, #–$ ut];Dd /f]u / zq' j[l4 xf]nfg\, %–^ ut];Dd eg] gljg sfo{df ;xefuL / efUof]bosf] ;do /x]sf] 5. dGq M ç u+ u0fkto] gd M. #)–$ ut];Dd dfg kb P]Zjo{ k|flKt, 3/df ;'v zflGt x'gfn] dg k|zGg /xnf, %–^ ut];Dd eg] zfl//Ls kL8fsf] ;fy} em'6f cf/f]ksf] ;fy} vr{ j[l4 xf]nf . dGq M ç qmL+ sfNo} gd M. of] ;ftf k"/} z'e /x]sf] sf/0f cWoog cWofkgdf ?rL a9\g], kfl/jf/Ls ;'v k|flKt, z/L/df ;'v k|flKt, ldi7fGg ef]hg k|flKt, dgdf pT;fx, a}+s Jofn]G; j[l4sf] ;fy} Jofkf/af6 nfe ldNnf . dGq M ç u'?b]jfo gdM . #)–@ ut];Dd ;do k|lts"N /x]sf] x'gfn] ;dfhdf ckdfg x'g] ;Defjgfsf] ;fy} hnsf] eo klg /x]sf] 5 . c? lbg ;Gtfgaf6 ;'v k|flKt, /f]uaf6 d'lQm, zq'efj ldqdf kl/0ft x'g]5 . dGq M ç x|L+ a6's e}/jfo x|L+ ç .

cRo"tfgGb Hof]= cfo"j{]lbs cf}ifwfno,ag]kf, kgf}tL/f]8,uf]bfdrf]s, kmf]g g+= )!!^^#$(^

dflg; dflg; lsg kf] x'G5 s6fIf hfgL hfgL k|s[ltnfO{ s] bf]if / Joy{, dflg; g} xf] a]dfOgL cg]sfg]s ghflt x'G5, u'd]kl5 t :jTj ;t\ lalu|Pkl5 Tolx xf] rfnf, b'u{lt / xljut\ 5Ssfk~hf bfpmd} /D5g\, k|k~rd} em'D5g\ k};fnfO{ g} w]/} dxTj lbg]x?, em'7nfO{ g} r'D5g\ r]tgf u'dfO{ cfa4 x/bd :jfy{s} vfgfdf v} lsg xf] /:jfbg u5{g\ 5nsk6L tfgfdf lxF8\g} gx'g] af6f] lxF8\5g\, s'6rfndf rN5g\ lsg s] sf/0fn] dflg; b'i6tfo'Qm ljifkm'n e} kmN5g\ 7]n]/} ePklg a9\5g\ ;w}+ alnofx? g} cufl8 o:t} g} xf] oxfFsf] rng ;f]emfx? g} k5fl8 dfgjtfnfO{ s'lNrP/ hf], 3f]/ lgb{oL aG5g\ /fd|f] dfG5] 7"nf] dfG5] cfkm}+n] cfkm"nfO{ 7fG5g\ .

cf}iflw pkrf/af6 klg nfdf] ;do;Dd ;Dej gx'g] ePsf]n] a'af cfkm}+af6 af]gDof/f] k|Tof/f]k0f ug{] ljrf/n] a'afsf] af]gDof/f] 6]i6 u/fpg' eof] . a'afsf] af]gDof/f]af6 ;Dej x'g] ePsf]n] d}n] afFRg] cfzf /fv]sf] 5' . t/ a'afsf] af]gDof/f] k|Tof/f]k0f ug{sf] nflu klg !^ b]lv !* nfv nfUg] ePsf] x'gfn] d]/f] kl/jf/nfO{ cfly{s ;+s6 k/]sf] 5 . ;Sg'x'g]5 . cyjf d}n] cWoog ul//x]sf] ljBfno lzIff ;bg dflj ag]kfdf cfO{ dnfO{ ;xof]u ug{ ;Sg'x'g]5 . lzIff ;bg dfljdf cWoog ug{] u'?x?n] d]/f nflu Hofg lbg' ePsf] 5 . pxfFx?s} ;xof]n] d}n] Zjf; km]g{ kfPsf] 5' . cem afFRg dg 5 dnfO{ . arfpg';\ . tkfO{sf] yf]/} ;xof]un] d]/f] k'g{lhjg x'g]5 . cGtdf tkfO{x? ;dIf olx ljGtL r9fpg rfxG5' tkfO{ Pshgfn] u/]sf] ;xof]uaf6 d]/f] hLjg aRg ;S5 . d}n] gofF hLjg kfpg ;S5' . s[kof dnfO{ ;xof]u ug{';\ . d}n] of] ;+;f/ x]g{'5 .

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Y25 (issue_19)  

2075/11/30

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2075/11/30

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